AUVERGNE

v 3.0 Updated 30 May 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                COMTES d'AUVERGNE. 3

A.         COMTES d'AUVERGNE [819]-[940] 3

B.         VICOMTES d'AUVERGNE.. 8

C.        COMTES d'AUVERGNE [970]-1437. 19

D.        COMTES d'AUVERGNE (de la TOUR) 45

E.         DAUPHINS d'AUVERGNE, COMTES de CLERMONT. 47

Chapter 2.                SEIGNEURS de BAFFIE. 69

Chapter 3.                SIRES de BOURBON. 74

A.         SIRES de BOURBON.. 75

B.         SIRES de BOURBON (DAMPIERRE) 89

Chapter 4.                VICOMTES de CARLAT. 93

Chapter 5.                SEIGNEURS de CROS, VICOMTES de MURAT. 97

Chapter 6.                SEIGNEURS de JALIGNY. 101

Chapter 7.                SIRES de MERCŒUR. 102

Chapter 8.                SEIGNEURS de MONTAIGU. 114

Chapter 9.                SEIGNEURS de MONTGASCON. 118

Chapter 10.              SEIGNEURS de MONTLAUR. 122

Chapter 11.              SEIGNEURS de MONTLUÇON. 124

Chapter 12.              SEIGNEURS de MONTPENSIER. 126

Chapter 13.              SEIGNEURS d’OLLIERGUES. 128

Chapter 14.              VICOMTES de POLIGNAC. 135

Chapter 15.              SEIGNEURS de THIERN. 148

Chapter 16.              SEIGNEURS de la TOUR. 156

Chapter 17.              VICOMTES de VELAY. 170

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The county of Auvergne formed the eastern part of the territory of the duchy of Aquitaine, a disparate grouping which stretched from the Atlantic coast to the western border of the duchy of Burgundy.  Auvergne is first recorded as a county in the 820s.  It passed between different families until the early 10th century, as shown in Part A of Chapter 1 of the present document.  The county settled in the family of the vicomtes d’Auvergne in the latter part of the 10th century (see Parts B and C of Chapter 1).  A dispute over the county of Auvergne arose in the mid-12th century between Guillaume [VII] Comte d’Auvergne and his paternal uncle Comte Guillaume [VIII].  The latter retained the county and his descendants continued to rule there until 1437, when Auvergne passed by marriage to the family of the seigneurs de la Tour (Part D of Chapter 1).  The descendants of Comte Guillaume [VII], known to history as the "Dauphins" d’Auvergne, inherited the county of Clermont (see Part E of Chapter 1). 

 

This document also sets out several important vassal families of the comtes d’Auvergne, including the Sires de Bourbon, the Sires de Mercœur, the Vicomtes de Polignac and the Seigneurs de la Tour. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES d'AUVERGNE

 

 

 

A.      COMTES d'AUVERGNE [819]-[940]

 

 

1.         WARIN [Werinus] (-853)Comte d'Auvergne.  Einhard's Annales name "Berengario Tolosæ et Warino Arverni comite" as fighting "Lupus Centulli Wasco" in 819[1].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records the rebellion of "Wasco, Lupus Centulli cognomento" and fighting "Werinum Arvernorum comitem et Berengarium Tholosanum"[2].  Hildebaud Bishop of Mâcon granted property “in...pago Matescense villam...Cluniacus” to “Warinus comes...et uxori suæ Albanæ” by charter dated 825[3].  A charter dated 825 of Emperor Louis I records that "Warinus comes…et uxori suæ Albanæ" founded the monastery of Cluny "in pago Matescense villam…Cluniaco"[4].  Hildebaud Bishop of Mâcon exchanged "Cluniacum villam” for “ecclesiam unam in villa Corta, alteram in villa Galoniaco” with “Warino comite et Albane sive Ave uxoris eius" by undated charter[5].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Werinus et Bernhardus comites" gathered a force in Burgundy and reached "Matronam fluvium" [in 834][6].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Werinus comes" fortified "castrum Cavillonum" [in 834][7].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maixent records that "Garinus dux cum Tolosanis et Provincianis" expelled Lothar, son of Emperor Louis I, in 841[8], presumably referring to his expulsion from Aquitaine.  Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks granted property "in pago Lugdunensem…in loco…Benignum" to "fidelem…nostrum Hriculfum, vassallum…Warini comitis", by charter dated 20 Aug 847[9].  Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks confirmed a donation of property "in pago Alsinse" to Flavigny by "Warinus comes", by charter dated 25 Jun 849[10].  He presumably died before 853 when his son is referred to in documentation as count. 

 

 

2.         GERARD, son of --- (-killed in battle Fontenoy 25 Jun 841)Comte d'Auvergne.  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Ebroinus…Pictavensis episcopo Flateram…Reginardus comes, Gerardus itidem comes et gener quondam Pippini regis [et] Ratharius…comes Pippini gener" [in 839][11]

 

 

3.         BERNARD, son of --- (-[before 864]).  Comte d'Auvergne.  "Bernardus comes et uxor mea Lieugardis" donated property "in pago Arvernico in vice Mussiacensi in villa…Morennum" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated May [852] or [902] ("anno nono regnante Karolo rege Francorum"), signed by "Gaufredi"[12]

 

 

4.         STEPHANUS, son of HUGUES & his wife --- (-killed Auvergne 864).  The Annales Bertiniani name "Stephani" as advising "Karolus rex Aquitannorum, Karoli regis filius" to marry in 862 against his father's wishes[13]Comte d'Auvergne.  The Annales Bertiniani record that the Vikings killed "Stephanum, Hugonis filium" when they attacked Auvergne in 864[14].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maixent records that "Stephanus comes Arvernorum" was killed by the Danes in 844[15], but presumably this refers to the same person the event being misdated. 

 

 

5.         BERNARD "Plantevelue", son of BERNARD Marquis of Septimania & his wife Doda --- (Uzès 22 Mar 841-[20 Jun 885/16 Aug 886], maybe 6 Jan 886).  The Manual of Dhuoda records the birth "XI Kal Apr", in the year following the death of Emperor Louis, at "Uzecia urbes" of the second child [Bernard] of Doda and her husband Bernard[16].  The Annales Bertiniani name "rex markiones Bernardum scilicet Tolosæ et iterum Bernardum Gothiæ, itemque Bernardum alium" in 868[17], this being Bernard Marquis of Gothia.  Lay Abbot of Brioude 857/68.  Comte d'Autun 864/69, deposed.  Comte de Rodez 864/74.  Comte d'Auvergne after 872.  "Petrus" donated property "in pago Arvernico in comitatu Brivatensi in vicaria Nonatensi..." to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "Bernardi...comitis necnon...Bernardi comitis eiusque conjugis Inmengardis...comitissa, horumque prolis" by charter dated Jan "anno secundo regnante rege Francorum Carolo"[18].  The Annales Bertiniani name "Bernardum Arvenicum comitem" in 877[19].  He obtained the county of Mâcon during the wars between the Carolingians and the Bosonids[20].  The 13th century obituary of the Eglise primatiale de Lyon records the death "VIII Id Jan" of "Bernardus comes"[21]

a)         GUILLAUME (-6 Jul 918, bur Abbaye de Brioude, Haute-Loire).  "Karolus…imperator Augustus" confirms that "Willelmo comite" replaces "patris sui Bernardi comitis" after the latter was killed, by charter dated 16 Aug 886[22].  He succeeded his father in 886 as Marquis de Gothie, Comte d'Auvergne, de Berry, de Mâcon, de Limousin, et de Lyon.  He was recorded as dux shortly after the accession of Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks in 893, and as dux Aquitanorum for the first time in 909[23], later known as GUILLAUME I "le Pieux" Duke of Aquitaine

b)         ADELINDA .  She is named as wife of Acfred in their son's grant to Cluny dated 2 Oct 927, her origin being deduced from his reference to "…avunculis meis Wilelmo et Guarino…" in the same document[24]m ACFRED, son of ---. 

i)          GUILLAUME (-16 Dec 926[25]).  "Willelmi comitis nepotis eius" is named in the charter of Guillaume Duke of Aquitaine dated 11 Sep 910 which founded the monastery of Cluny[26].  "Acfred dux Aquitanorum" donated property "pro anima genitore meo Acfredo et genitrice mea Adalindis…et fratribus meis Bernardo et Guilelmo" to Cluny by charter dated 2 Oct 927[27].  He succeeded his maternal uncle in 918 as GUILLAUME II "le Jeune" Duke of Aquitaine, Comte d'Auvergne.  His jurisdiction over Mâcon is referred to in a charter of "Girbaldus", "residente quondam domno Wilelmo iuniore, comite Matiscone", dated May 926[28] but this appears to indicate that Guillaume was overlord of Mâcon (presumably in his capacity as Comte d'Auvergne) not Comte de Mâcon.  He is called "domno illustrissimo marchione Alvernorum et comite Matisconensi" in his charter dated Dec 926[29]

ii)         ACFRED (-[Oct/Dec] 927).  "Acfred dux Aquitanorum" donated property "pro anima genitore meo Acfredo et genitrice mea Adalindis…et avunculis meis Wilelmo et Guarino et fratribus meis Bernardo et Guilelmo" to Cluny by charter dated 2 Oct 927[30].  He succeeded his brother in 926 as ACFRED Duke of Aquitaine, Comte d'Auvergne.  Abbé de Brioude.  Will dated 11 Oct 927.  He appointed Ebles "Mancer" Comte de Poitou as his successor in Aquitaine[31]

iii)        BERNARD (-after 932).  "Acfred dux Aquitanorum" donated property "pro anima genitore meo Acfredo et genitrice mea Adalindis…et fratribus meis Bernardo et Guilelmo" to Cluny by charter dated 2 Oct 927[32].  He succeeded as Comte d'Auvergne

 

 

1.         EBALUS [Eble] "Mancer", illegitimate son of RAINULF II Comte de Poitou, Duke of Aquitaine & his mistress --- ([870/75]-[932/934]).  "Eblum" is named as son of "Rannulfus comes Pictavensis" by Ademar[33].  He succeeded his father in 890 as EBLE "Mancer" Comte de Poitou. "Eblum" is named son of "Rannulfus comes Pictavensis" by Ademar[34].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maixent names "Ramnulfus comes…Pictavensis…filium Eblum"[35].  The Chronico Richardi Pictavensis names "Ramnulfus Comes Pictavis filium…Eblum"[36].  His succession was opposed by Adémar, son of Comte Emenon.  Comte Eble found refuge first with Géraud Seigneur d'Aurillac, later with Guillaume "le Pieux" Comte d'Auvergne, his uncles Josbert and Eble assuming the defence of his rights to Poitou until their deaths in late 892[37].  Poitou was captured by the forces of Eudes King of France, who gave the county to his brother Robert although the latter was expelled by Comte Aimar[38].  Comte Eble expelled Comte Aimar in 902 and was restored as Comte de Poitou.  He was recognised as Comte du Limousin in 904[39].  Acfred Duke of Aquitaine appointed Eble as his heir, the latter succeeding as Duke of Aquitaine and Comte d'Auvergne in 927[40].  Raoul King of France transferred Aquitaine to Raymond Comte de Toulouse in 932[41].  "Ebolus…Pictavorum…comes" donated "in pago Alninse, Ingolinis, in villa…Verzeria" to St Cyprien, Poitiers by charter dated Jan 934 ("anno XI regnante Radulfo rege")[42].  On the other hand, a charter dated 932 was confirmed by "Guillelmus comes…post mortem patris sui"[43]

a)         GUILLAUME de Poitou ([900]-Poitiers 3 Apr 963, bur Saint-Cyprien[44]).  Ademar names "Eblus episcopus [et] Willelmus cognomento Caput-Stupæ" sons of "Eblo duce"[45].  The Chronico Comitum Pictaviæ names "Willelmum Caput-stupæ" as son of "Ebles Dux Aquitaniæ et Pictaviæ Comes" & his wife Adellia[46].  Ademar names "Willelmum Caputstupæ" as son of Eble and "Adelam, filiam Rosi Rotomagensis", but evidently confuses the latter with Guillaume's own wife[47]. He succeeded his father as GUILLAUME I “Tête d'Etoupes/Caput-stupæ” Comte de Poitou.  He was appointed lay abbot of Saint-Hilaire-de-Poitiers in Jan 942[48].  From the start of his reign, his possession of Poitou was disputed by Hugues "le Grand" Duc des Francs [Capet][49]Comte d'Auvergne et de Limoges 955.  Around this same time, Lothaire King of France extended the authority of Comte Guillaume over the whole of Aquitaine.  Although known to history as GUILLAUME III Duke of Aquitaine, charters record him as "Guillelmus…Aquitanici ducatus comes"[50] and "Guillelmus…Pictavensium sive Lemovicensium necne et Arvernensium comes insuper etiam Aquitainiæ comes palati"[51] as well as "Willelmi duci Aquitanorum cognomento Caput-Stupæ"[52].  He abdicated in 962, and became a monk at Saint-Cyprien de Poitiers[53]

 

1.         RAYMOND de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND II Comte de Toulouse & his wife Guinidilda [de Barcelona] ([900]-[940/44], bur Saint-Pons-de-Thomières).  He succeeded his father in [923/24] as RAYMOND PONS Comte de Toulouse.  He swore homage in 932 to Raoul de Bourgogne King of France, who rewarded him by appointing him Duke of Aquitaine[54], Comte d'Auvergne and with the territory of the Marquisate of Gothie.  He was also the suzerain lord of the counties of Carcassonne, Albigeois, Rouergue and Quercy.  He is recorded with the title "Duke of Aquitaine" in the foundation act of the monastery of Chanteuges in 936 and in another act in the same year[55], indicating that he challenged the authority of Guillaume III “Tête d’Etoupes” Duke of Aquitaine. 

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES d'AUVERGNE

 

 

1.         ARMAND [I] (-after 1 Nov [905]).  Vicomte.  "Armandus [signed "Armandi vicecomitis"] et uxor mea Bertildis" donated property "in villa…Rilago…in comitatu Brivatensi" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated Aug [896][56].  "Armandus" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, with the consent of "uxore mea Bertildi", by charter dated 10 Mar [902], signed by "Guillelmi"[57].  "Armandum et uxorem eius Bertildem" donated property "in pago Brivatensi in…aice Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated 1 Nov [905][58].  "Bernardus et Arlebaldus" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Armandi et Bertildis filiorumque", by charter dated 8 Dec [927], signed by "Bernardi…Arlebaldi episcopi…"[59]m BERTILDIS, daughter of --- (-after 1 Nov [905]).  "Armandus [signed "Armandi vicecomitis"] et uxor mea Bertildis" donated property "in villa…Rilago…in comitatu Brivatensi" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated Aug [896][60].  "Armandus" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, with the consent of "uxore mea Bertildi", by charter dated 10 Mar [902], signed by "Guillelmi"[61].  "Armandum et uxorem eius Bertildem" donated property "in pago Brivatensi in…aice Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated 1 Nov [905][62].  "Bernardus et Arlebaldus" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Armandi et Bertildis filiorumque", by charter dated 8 Dec [927], signed by "Bernardi…Arlebaldi episcopi…"[63].  Armand [I] & his wife had --- children: 

a)         children (-[before 927]).  "Bernardus et Arlebaldus" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Armandi et Bertildis filiorumque", by charter dated 8 Dec [927], signed by "Bernardi…Arlebaldi episcopi…"[64]

 

2.         BERNARD (-after 8 Dec [927]).  "Bernardus et Arlebaldus" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Armandi et Bertildis filiorumque", by charter dated 8 Dec [927], signed by "Bernardi…Arlebaldi episcopi…"[65]

3.         ARLEBAUD (-after 8 Dec [927]).  "Bernardus et Arlebaldus" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi in villa…Fontanas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Armandi et Bertildis filiorumque", by charter dated 8 Dec [927], signed by "Bernardi…Arlebaldi episcopi…"[66].  Bishop. 

 

4.         CLAVIO (-before [909]).  "Armannus" donated property "in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Corminiaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitoris mei Clavionis et genetricis meæ Ingelmodis, fratris mei Genesii, et germani mei Stephani", by charter dated Jan [909], signed by "Ingelmodi, Genesii"[67]m firstly ---.  "Armannus" donated property "in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Corminiaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitoris mei Clavionis et genetricis meæ Ingelmodis, fratris mei Genesii, et germani mei Stephani", by charter dated Jan [909], signed by "Ingelmodi, Genesii"[68].  The distinction between "fratris" and germani" in this charter indicates that Genese was born from an earlier marriage of his father.  m secondly INGELMODE, daughter of --- (-before [909]).  "Armannus" donated property "in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Corminiaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitoris mei Clavionis et genetricis meæ Ingelmodis, fratris mei Genesii, et germani mei Stephani", by charter dated Jan [909], signed by "Ingelmodi, Genesii"[69].  Clavio & his first wife had one child: 

a)         GENESE (-before [909]).  "Armannus" donated property "in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Corminiaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitoris mei Clavionis et genetricis meæ Ingelmodis, fratris mei Genesii, et germani mei Stephani", by charter dated Jan [909], signed by "Ingelmodi, Genesii"[70].  The distinction between "fratris" and germani" in this charter indicates that Genese was born from an earlier marriage of his father. 

Clavio & his second wife had two children: 

b)         ETIENNE (-before [909]).  "Armannus" donated property "in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Corminiaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitoris mei Clavionis et genetricis meæ Ingelmodis, fratris mei Genesii, et germani mei Stephani", by charter dated Jan [909], signed by "Ingelmodi, Genesii"[71]

c)         ARMAND [II] (-after Jan [909]).  "Armannus" donated property "in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Corminiaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitoris mei Clavionis et genetricis meæ Ingelmodis, fratris mei Genesii, et germani mei Stephani", by charter dated Jan [909], signed by "Ingelmodi, Genesii"[72]

 

5.         EUSTORGE [I], son of --- .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[73], he was the possible son of Arimannus but the basis for this speculation is not known.  m ARSENDE, daughter of ---.  The priest "Gauraceus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "Rotberti vicecomitis ac coniugis eius et patris eius Ostorgii et matris Arsendana" by charter dated to [915/33][74].  Eustorge & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         ROBERT [I] (-after [941]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [915/33] under which the priest "Gauraceus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "Rotberti vicecomitis ac coniugis eius et patris eius Ostorgii et matris Arsendana"[75]Vicomte d'Auvergne.  "Rotbertus…vicecomes et Bernardus archidiaconus necnon et Ava cum filiis suis Rigaldo et Ostorgio" confirmed "eleemosinarii quondam Rigaldi" and donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Ambronensi in villa…Bregonna" to Saint-Julien de Brioude dated 20 Jan [911], signed by "Armandi…"[76].  "Robertus vicecomes" donated property "ecclesiam…sancti Martini…et in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Vebritensi villam…Juncherias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, with the consent of "conjuge mea Adalgarde", by charter dated 17 Jan [918], signed by "Guillelmus"[77].  "Roberti vicecomitis" witnessed the charter dated 2 Oct 927 under which "Acfred dux Aquitanorum" donated property to Cluny[78].  "Rotberti vicecomitis, Hildegardis vicecomitisse, Austorgii, item Austorgii, Rotberti abbatis, Stephani abbatis, Hugoni, item Rotberti…" subscribed a charter dated Dec "anno XVIII regnante Ludovico rege" (941, assuming his regnal years were counted from 923) under which "Stephanus Arvernorum…episcopus" donated property "in comitatu Arvernensi in villa…Abulnacus" to Sauxillanges for the souls of "Aimoni atque Rotberti atque item Rotberti abbati"[79].  "…Dalmacii vicecomitis, Ingelbergæ, Dalmacii filii eius, Bertranni, Stephani, Rotberti vicecomitis, Bertelai, Eustorgii, Bernardi, Guiraldi, Rodrani" signed the charter dated 28 Aug [936] under which "Cunebertus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude to found the abbey of Chanteuge[80]m firstly ALDEGARDIS, daughter of --- (-after 17 Jan [918]).  "Robertus vicecomes" donated property "ecclesiam…sancti Martini…et in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Vebritensi villam…Juncherias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, with the consent of "conjuge mea Adalgarde", by charter dated 17 Jan [918], signed by "Guillelmus"[81].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitori meo Rotberto et uxori suæ Aldegardi et genetrice mea Adalgardi…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[82].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitorum meorum Rotberti necnon et Algardis, et novercæ meæ Hildegardis…" by charter dated Feb 962[83]m secondly HILDEGARDIS, daughter of HUBERT & his wife Ermengarde --- (-after [941]).  "Aldeardis ancilla ancillarum Dei" donated property "in comitatu Arvernensi, in vicaria Brivatensi in villa…Burnunculo" to Sauxillanges for the souls of "genitore meo Hucberto et genetrice mea Ermengarde et fratribus meis Girbaldo et Willelmo nec non et pro seniore meo Rotberto et filio suo Stephano episcopo" by undated charter, subscribed by "Rotberti vicecomitis, Ucberti vicecomitis…"[84].  "Stephanus Arvernorum episcopus" donated property to Cluny by charter dated [950] in which he names "Rotbertus pater meus" and "Hildegard coniux eius"[85].  The fact that Hildegardis was not the same person as Aldegardis is confirmed by the charter dated Feb 962 under which Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitorum meorum Rotberti necnon et Algardis, et novercæ meæ Hildegardis…"[86].  "Rotberti vicecomitis, Hildegardis vicecomitisse, Austorgii, item Austorgii, Rotberti abbatis, Stephani abbatis, Hugoni, item Rotberti…" subscribed a charter dated Dec "anno XVIII regnante Ludovico rege" (941, assuming his regnal years were counted from 923) under which "Stephanus Arvernorum…episcopus" donated property "in comitatu Arvernensi in villa…Abulnacus" to Sauxillanges for the souls of "Aimoni atque Rotberti atque item Rotberti abbati"[87].  Robert [I] & his first wife had three children: 

i)          ROBERT [II] (-968 or after).  A charter dated 28 Aug 936 records the foundation of the abbey of Chanteuge, for the souls of "Willelmi ducis atque nepotum eius Willelmi et Acfredi", and names "princeps Aquitanorum Raymundus…vicecomes Dalmacius…Bertrannus…ac Rotbertus vicecomes itemque Rotbertus juvenior, atque Eustorgius", signed by "Raymundi ducis Aquitanorum cui aliud…nomen est Pontii…Dalmacii vicecomitis, Ingelbergæ, Dalmacii filiii eius, Bertramni, Stephani, Rotberti vicecomitis, Bertelai"[88].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…fratribusque meis Eustorgio et Rotberto…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[89]Vicomte d'Auvergne.  "Amblardus et uxor mea Fides" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi…in villa…Vernerias…Preisago…Matticarra" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Ermani genitoris mei…et…Roberti vicecomitis et Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii sui avunculi, et suorum infantium", by charter dated Mar [947], signed by "Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii"[90].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…fratrum meorum Austorgii et Rotberti…" by charter dated Feb 962[91].  936/968.  "Roberti vicecomitis" witnessed the charter dated Feb 954 under which "Stephanus" donated property "in villa Rogiaco, com Brivatensi" to Cluny with the consent of "Ermengardæ uxor mea"[92].  "Rotberti vicecomitis fratris eius, item Rotberti filii eiusdem, Widoni, Amblardi vicecomitis, Ucberti vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated Nov "regnante Lothario rege Francorum" under which "Stephanus Arvernensis episcopus" donated property "villam…Bergoniscas et aliam…Exartis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mei et…Aldegardis vicecomitissa"[93]m ENGELBERGA, daughter of ---.  "Vuido Arvernice civitatis vicecomes atque Ausenda…coniux mea" donated "curtem Belmontensem", specifying that he inherited this from his mother, to Cluny for the souls of "genitore meo Roberto…genetrice mea Ingelbergane, ac fratris mei Roberti" by charter dated May 980[94].  Robert [II] & his wife had four children: 

(a)       ROBERT [III] (-[969/80]).  "Rotberti vicecomitis fratris eius, item Rotberti filii eiusdem, Widoni…" subscribed the charter dated Nov "regnante Lothario rege Francorum" under which "Stephanus Arvernensis episcopus" donated property "villam…Bergoniscas et aliam…Exartis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mei et…Aldegardis vicecomitissa"[95].  940/969.  "Vuido Arvernice civitatis vicecomes atque Ausenda…coniux mea" donated "curtem Belmontensem", specifying that he inherited this from his mother, to Cluny for the souls of "genitore meo Roberto…genetrice mea Ingelbergane, ac fratris mei Roberti" by charter dated May 980[96]

(b)       GUY [I] (-[989]).  "Rotberti vicecomitis fratris eius, item Rotberti filii eiusdem, Widoni…" subscribed the charter dated Nov "regnante Lothario rege Francorum" under which "Stephanus Arvernensis episcopus" donated property "villam…Bergoniscas et aliam…Exartis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mei et…Aldegardis vicecomitissa"[97].  "Vuido Arvernice civitatis vicecomes" donated "curtem Belmontensem" to Cluny by charter dated 980 for the soul of "Roberto genitore meo"[98]Comte d'Auvergne.   

-         COMTES d'AUVERGNE

(c)       BERTRAND (-after [980/85]).  Vicomte Bertrand, son of Robert, donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated to [980/85] which names his wife Arsinde and sons Bernard, Armand and Etienne[99]Vicomte d'Auvergne.  The cartulary of Paray-le-Monial includes a charter (undated) of "in pago Claromontensi Bertrannus vicecomes Arvernensis"[100]m ARSINDE, daughter of ---.  Vicomte Bertrand donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated to [980/85] which names his wife Arsinde and sons Bernard, Armand and Etienne[101].  Bertrand & his wife had three children: 

(1)       ARMAND [III] .  Vicomte Bertrand donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated to [980/85] which names his wife Arsinde and sons Bernard, Armand and Etienne[102].  955/985. 

(2)       BERNARD .  Vicomte Bertrand donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated to [980/85] which names his wife Arsinde and sons Bernard, Armand and Etienne[103].  955/985. 

(3)       ETIENNE .  Vicomte Bertrand donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated to [980/85] which names his wife Arsinde and sons Bernard, Armand and Etienne[104].  955/985. 

(d)       GUILLAUME .  "Wido princeps Arvernorum" donated property "in pago Arvernico, in comitatu Tolornensi in vico…Biliomo" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "Stephani episcopi…patris mei Rotberti et matris mee Ingelberge et fratris mei Rotberti", by undated charter, subscribed by "Willelmi fratris eius…Aucende uxoris eiusdem domni Widoni"[105]

ii)         ETIENNE (-[969/70]).  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitori meo Rotberto et uxori suæ Aldegardi et genetrice mea Adalgardi…et…avunculis meis Heustorgio, Magfredo…et Guidone necnon et Stephano consobrino meo fratribusque meis Eustorgio et Rotberto, avunculo quoque meo Armando et filio suo Amblardo, Eustorgioque filio Eustorgii et Rodberto abate et fratribus suis" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[106].  "Amblardus et uxor mea Fides" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi…in villa…Vernerias…Preisago…Matticarra" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Ermani genitoris mei…et…Roberti vicecomitis et Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii sui avunculi, et suorum infantium", by charter dated Mar [947], signed by "Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii"[107].  "Robertus abbas" donated property "in pago Arvernico in villa…Severiaco…et…villa…Las et in vicaria…Ambronensis in villa…Busiacus…[et] in loco…Orbaniacus…et…in villa…Pauliaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for "Stephano episcopo seniore meo vel pro patre ipsius Rotberto" by undated charter[108].  "Stephanus Arvernorum episcopus" donated property to Cluny by charter dated [950] in which he names "Rotbertus pater meus" and "Hildegard coniux eius"[109].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "genitorum meorum Rotberti necnon et Algardis, et novercæ meæ Hildegardis, et avunculorum meorum Austorgii…Matfredi ac Guidonis, et Stephani consobrini mei et fratrum meorum Austorgii et Rotberti, avunculi mei Armandi et filii eius Amblardi, sive Austorgii avunculi mei et filiorum eius Austorgii et Vuillelmi, et etiam Rotberti abbatis" by charter dated Feb 962[110].  "Vuido Arvernice civitatis vicecomes" donated "curtem Belmontensem" to Cluny by charter dated 980 for the soul of "Stephani avunculi mei"[111].  Abbot of Conques.  Bishop of Clermont .  He founded Saint-Germain, Lambron in 945.  "Stephanus Arvernensis episcopus" donated property "villam…Bergoniscas et aliam…Exartis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mei et…Aldegardis vicecomitissa", by charter dated Nov "regnante Lothario rege Francorum", subscribed by "Rotberti vicecomitis fratris eius, item Rotberti filii eiusdem, Widoni, Amblardi vicecomitis, Ucberti vicecomitis"[112]

iii)        EUSTORGE [V] .  "…Dalmacii vicecomitis, Ingelbergæ, Dalmacii filii eius, Bertranni, Stephani, Rotberti vicecomitis, Bertelai, Eustorgii, Bernardi, Guiraldi, Rodrani" signed the charter dated 28 Aug [936] under which "Cunebertus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude to found the abbey of Chanteuge[113].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…fratrum meorum Austorgii et Rotberti…" by charter dated Feb 962[114].  968.  A charter dated [964/65] refers to property of "Eustorgii, fratri Stephani episcopi"[115]m ---.  The name of Eustorge’s wife is not known.  Eustorge [V] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       EUSTORGE [VI] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  945. 

b)         [BERNARD (-after 20 Jan [911]).  "Rotbertus…vicecomes et Bernardus archidiaconus necnon et Ava cum filiis suis Rigaldo et Ostorgio" confirmed "eleemosinarii quondam Rigaldi" and donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Ambronensi in villa…Bregonna" to Saint-Julien de Brioude dated 20 Jan [911], signed by "Armandi…"[116].  This charter does not explain the relationship between the three main donors.  However, it is possible that they are two brothers and their sister-in-law who are confirming the donations of their deceased brother, father of the two named children.  Archdeacon.] 

c)         [RIGAUD [III] (-after 20 Jan [911]).  "Rotbertus…vicecomes et Bernardus archidiaconus necnon et Ava cum filiis suis Rigaldo et Ostorgio" confirmed "eleemosinarii quondam Rigaldi" and donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Ambronensi in villa…Bregonna" to Saint-Julien de Brioude dated 20 Jan [911], signed by "Armandi…"[117].  This charter does not explain the relationship between the three main donors.  However, it is possible that they are two brothers and their sister-in-law who are confirming the donations of their deceased brother, father of the two named children.]  m AVA, daughter of --- (-after 20 Jan [911]).  "Rotbertus…vicecomes et Bernardus archidiaconus necnon et Ava cum filiis suis Rigaldo et Ostorgio" confirmed "eleemosinarii quondam Rigaldi" and donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Ambronensi in villa…Bregonna" to Saint-Julien de Brioude dated 20 Jan [911], signed by "Armandi…"[118].  [Rigaud] & his wife had two children: 

i)          RIGAUD [IV] (-after 20 Jan [911]).  "Rotbertus…vicecomes et Bernardus archidiaconus necnon et Ava cum filiis suis Rigaldo et Ostorgio" confirmed "eleemosinarii quondam Rigaldi" and donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Ambronensi in villa…Bregonna" to Saint-Julien de Brioude dated 20 Jan [911], signed by "Armandi…"[119]

ii)         EUSTORGE (-after 20 Jan [911]).  "Rotbertus…vicecomes et Bernardus archidiaconus necnon et Ava cum filiis suis Rigaldo et Ostorgio" confirmed "eleemosinarii quondam Rigaldi" and donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Ambronensi in villa…Bregonna" to Saint-Julien de Brioude dated 20 Jan [911], signed by "Armandi…"[120]

The charters of Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont refer to two sets of "avunculi mei".  The charter dated Feb 962 refers to "[avunculus meus]…[Austorgius]" in two separate parts of the text.  It is possible that these refer to two different individuals of the same name, although this is not without doubt.  One possible interpretation is that one set of "avunculi" were paternal uncles and the other maternal.  However, it seems unlikely that Bishop Etienne would have had uncles with the unusual name Eustorge on both sides of his family.  Whatever the solution, both sets of uncles are shown here separately. 

"Avunculi" group one: 

d)         EUSTORGE [II] (-after 945).  ["Astorgius" donated property "in pago Arvernico in vicaria Nonatensi in villa…Madronio…et…in villa Blanzago" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated Apr [917], signed by "Bertanni, Elbonis et Gaucelmi"[121].  It is likely that the donor in this charter was either Eustorge [II] or Eustorge [III].  It appears that the document is dated too late for him to have been Eustorge [I].]  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculis meis Heustorgio, Magfredo…et Guidone necnon…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[122].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculorum meorum Austorgii…Matfredi ac Guidonis…" by charter dated Feb 962[123]

e)         MATFRED (-before Feb 962).  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculis meis Heustorgio, Magfredo…et Guidone necnon…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[124].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculorum meorum Austorgii…Matfredi ac Guidonis…" by charter dated Feb 962[125]same person as…?  MATFREDSeigneur de Thiern.  According to La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez, the seigneurs de Thiern descended from Matfred, fourth son of "Armand I vicomte d’Auvergne"[126].  La Mure does not cite the primary source on which this assertion is based, although it would appear that he is indicating the same Matfred who is named in the charters dated 945 and 962.  The editor of the edition consulted highlights that the descent is inconsistent with Baluze’s Histoire généalogique de la maison d’Auvergne

-        SEIGNEURS de THIERN

f)          GUY .  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculis meis Heustorgio, Magfredo…et Guidone necnon…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[127].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculorum meorum Austorgii…Matfredi ac Guidonis…" by charter dated Feb 962[128]

g)         [--- .  It is possible that Etienne was the son one of one of the above-named brothers.  m ---.] 

i)          ETIENNE .  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…Stephano consobrino meo…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[129].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "… Stephani consobrini mei …" by charter dated Feb 962[130]

"Avunculi" group two: 

h)         EUSTORGE [III] (-[Mar 947/Feb 962]).  ["Astorgius" donated property "in pago Arvernico in vicaria Nonatensi in villa…Madronio…et…in villa Blanzago" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated Apr [917], signed by "Bertanni, Elbonis et Gaucelmi"[131].  It is likely that the donor in this charter was either Eustorge [II] or Eustorge [III].  It appears that the document is dated too late for him to have been Eustorge [I].]  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…Eustorgioque filio Eustorgii…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[132].  "Amblardus et uxor mea Fides" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi…in villa…Vernerias…Preisago…Matticarra" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Ermani genitoris mei…et…Roberti vicecomitis et Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii sui avunculi, et suorum infantium", by charter dated Mar [947], signed by "Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii"[133].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…Austorgii avunculi mei et filiorum eius Austorgii et Vuillelmi, et etiam Rotberti abbatis" by charter dated Feb 962[134].  As noted above, it is possible that Eustorge [II] and Eustorge [III] were the same person.  m BLITHIARDIS, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Willelmus" donated property "in villa…Badaonus in vicaria Nonatensi" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "genitorum meorum Eustorgii et Blithiardis et fratris mei Eustorgii"[135].  Eustorge [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          EUSTORGE [IV] (-after [May 986]).  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…Eustorgioque filio Eustorgii…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[136].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…Austorgii avunculi mei et filiorum eius Austorgii et Vuillelmi…" by charter dated Feb 962[137].  "Ostorgius" donated property "in patria Arvernica in vicaria Bonorochensi in villa…Vinecia" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated [May 986] ("mense quinto, feria tertia, regnante Ludovico rege Francorum seu Aquitanorum", which is assumed to refer to the first year of the reign of Louis V King of France), signed by "Guillelmi fratris ipsius Ostorgii…Amblardi"[138]

ii)         GUILLAUME (-after [May 986]).  "Willelmus" donated property "in villa…Badaonus in vicaria Nonatensi" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "genitorum meorum Eustorgii et Blithiardis et fratris mei Eustorgii", by undated charter[139].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…Austorgii avunculi mei et filiorum eius Austorgii et Vuillelmi…" by charter dated Feb 962[140].  "Ostorgius" donated property "in patria Arvernica in vicaria Bonorochensi in villa…Vinecia" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated [May 986] ("mense quinto, feria tertia, regnante Ludovico rege Francorum seu Aquitanorum", which is assumed to refer to the first year of the reign of Louis V King of France), signed by "Guillelmi fratris ipsius Ostorgii…Amblardi"[141]

i)          ARMAND [III] (-[7 Oct 945/Mar 947).  7 Feb 927.  "Armandus" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Balciago" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated 15 Dec [932][142].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculo quoque meo Armando et filio suo Amblardo…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[143].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculi mei Armandi et filii eius Amblardi…" by charter dated Feb 962[144]m ---.  The name of Armand's wife is not known.  Armand [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          AMBLARD (-[Mar 947/Feb 962]).  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculo quoque meo Armando et filio suo Amblardo…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[145].  "Amblardus et uxor mea Fides" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi…in villa…Vernerias…Preisago…Matticarra" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Ermani genitoris mei…et…Roberti vicecomitis et Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii sui avunculi, et suorum infantium", by charter dated Mar [947], signed by "Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii"[146].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculi mei Armandi et filii eius Amblardi…" by charter dated Feb 962[147]Archbishop of Lyonm FOI, daughter of --- (-after Mar [947]).  "Amblardus et uxor mea Fides" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi…in villa…Vernerias…Preisago…Matticarra" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "Ermani genitoris mei…et…Roberti vicecomitis et Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii sui avunculi, et suorum infantium", by charter dated Mar [947], signed by "Stephani episcopi et Eustorgii"[148]

j)          [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

i)          ROBERT .  Abbot.  "Robertus abbas" donated property "in pago Arvernico in villa…Severiaco…et…villa…Las et in vicaria…Ambronensis in villa…Busiacus…[et] in loco…Orbaniacus…et…in villa…Pauliaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude for "Stephano episcopo seniore meo vel pro patre ipsius Rotberto" by undated charter[149].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…Rodberto abate et fratribus suis" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[150].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "… et etiam Rotberti abbatis" by charter dated Feb 962[151].  It is assumed that Robert was related to this family but there is no indication what the precise relationship may have been. 

 

 

 

C.      COMTES d'AUVERGNE [970]-1437

 

 

GUY d'Auvergne, son of ROBERT [II] Vicomte d'Auvergne & his wife Ingelberga --- (-[989]).  "Rotberti vicecomitis fratris eius, item Rotberti filii eiusdem, Widoni…" subscribed the charter dated Nov "regnante Lothario rege Francorum" under which "Stephanus Arvernensis episcopus" donated property "villam…Bergoniscas et aliam…Exartis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mei et…Aldegardis vicecomitissa"[152]Comte d'Auvergne.  "Vuido Arvernice civitatis vicecomes atque Ausenda…coniux mea" donated "curtem Belmontensem", specifying that he inherited this from his mother, to Cluny for the souls of "genitore meo Roberto…genetrice mea Ingelbergane, ac fratris mei Roberti" by charter dated May 980[153].  "Wido princeps Arvernorum" donated property "in pago Arvernico, in comitatu Tolornensi in vico…Biliomo" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "Stephani episcopi…patris mei Rotberti et matris mee Ingelberge et fratris mei Rotberti", by undated charter, subscribed by "Willelmi fratris eius…Aucende uxoris eiusdem domni Widoni"[154]

m AUSENDE, daughter of ---.  "Vuido Arvernice civitatis vicecomes [et]…Ausenda conjux mea" donated "curtem Belmontensem" to Cluny by charter dated 980[155].  "Wido princeps Arvernorum" donated property "in pago Arvernico, in comitatu Tolornensi in vico…Biliomo" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "Stephani episcopi…patris mei Rotberti et matris mee Ingelberge et fratris mei Rotberti", by undated charter, subscribed by "Willelmi fratris eius…Aucende uxoris eiusdem domni Widoni"[156]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [IV] (-[1016]).  The primary source which confirms the parentage of Comte Guillaume has not yet been identified.  Baluze states that he was the brother of Comte Guy but cites no primary source which provides the basis for his statement[157]Comte d'Auvergne.  1010/1013.  m HUMBERGE, daughter of ---.  "Umberga" donated property to Sauxillanges for the souls of "senioris mei Vuillelmi et…filiorum meorum tam vivis quam etiam defunctis" by charter dated to [1000/10][158].  "Umberga" donated property "in comitatu Arvernico in Brivatensi…ecclesiam…Luciag" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated to [988/1031], signed by "Stephanus episcopus, Robertus vicecomes, Willelmus…"[159].  "Domni Stephani episcopi, domni Rotberti, domni Vuillelmi, Umbergane comitisse matris eorum" signed a charter dated to [1013/21] under which property was donated to Sauxillanges[160].  There is doubt about Humberge's parentage, but she may have been HUMBERGE, daughter of ETIENNE de Brioude & his second wife Adelais [Blanche] d’Anjou, a hypothesis which appears to provide a good solution to various chronological difficulties posed by references in different primary sources.  The Flandria Generosa names "Ermengardis comitissa Arvenensis" as sister of "Constantia regina Francorum", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between their great-great-grandchildren, Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and [Hawise] de Bretagne, which provided the grounds for the couple's separation[161].  It has been assumed in many secondary sources[162] that this passage means that "Ermengarde" was the full sister of Queen Constance (who was the third wife of Robert II King of France) and therefore that she was the daughter of Guillaume [II] Comte de Provence by his second marriage to Adelais d'Anjou.  However, this is chronologically impossible.  The marriage of "Ermengarde's" daughter, also named Ermengarde, to Eudes II Comte de Blois, is dated to 1005 according to the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois Fontaines[163].  Even if this date is inaccurate, the estimated birth date of Ermengarde junior's eldest son is [1010], and the marriage of her daughter is dated to 1018 (although the chronology suggests that this may have been an infant betrothal or marriage).  Assuming that there is a degree of accuracy in these three dates, the daughter of "Ermengarde" Ctss d'Auvergne could not have been born later than [995] at the latest.  This places the birth of "Ermengarde" senior to [980] at the very latest, about five years before Adelais's marriage to Guillaume Comte de Provence.  Given that Adelais's third marriage to Louis V King of the West Franks was childless, and her second marriage to Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse was brief, it is therefore most likely that "Ermengarde" was Adelais's daughter by her first marriage to Etienne de Brioude.  Some corroboration for this hypothesis is found in the charter dated 1011 under which "Poncius comes Gabalitanensis" (who was the son of Adelais d'Anjou by her marriage to Etienne de Brioude) donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[164].  In this scenario, Etienne, Robert and Guillaume would be the sons of Pons's full sister "Ermengarde" Ctss d'Auvergne.  However, this raises yet more difficulties.  The secondary sources also assume that "Ermengarde's" husband was Robert [I] Comte d'Auvergne.  However, the only known son of Comte Robert [I] was Guillaume [V] Comte d'Auvergne.  Assuming that the "nepotes" of Comte Pons are named in order of seniority in the 1011 charter, "Vuillelmi" would have been the youngest brother.  No other reference has been to found to his assumed older brothers Etienne and Robert.  In any case, it is unlikely that Guillaume [V] Comte d'Auvergne would have been born much before [995/1000] for consistency with the dates of his marriage and his death.  If this is correct, it would raise doubts about the use of the title "vicecomes" in the 1011 charter, as their father would still have been at the height of his power.  All these difficulties would be solved if the "nepotes" of Comte Pons were in fact the three known sons of Guillaume [IV] Comte d'Auvergne, not of Robert [I] Comte d'Auvergne.  If this is correct, "Ermengarde" would in fact have been "Humberge", who, as shown above, is named in other primary sources as the wife of Comte Guillaume.  Comte Guillaume [IV] & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROBERT [I] d'Auvergne (-before 1032).  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis telluris necnon et Forensis patriæ" donated "ecclesiam Langat…in comitatu Gabalitensi, aliam ecclesiam…Favairolas…" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[165].  "Domni Stephani episcopi, domni Rotberti, domni Vuillelmi, Umbergane comitisse matris eorum" signed a charter dated to [1013/21] under which property was donated to Sauxillanges[166]Comte d'Auvergnem ---.  The name of Comte Robert [I]'s wife is not known.  As explained above under his mother Humberge, it is unlikely that she was Ermengarde, daughter of Adelais d'Anjou, either by her first husband Etienne de Brioude or by her fourth husband Guillaume [II] Comte de Provence.  Comte Robert [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUILLAUME [V] (-after 23 May 1059).  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis telluris necnon et Forensis patriæ" donated "ecclesiam Langat…in comitatu Gabalitensi, aliam ecclesiam…Favairolas…" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[167]Comte d'Auvergne et de Clermont.  "Wilelmus Arvernorum comes" donated property to the church at Auvergne, with the consent of "filii…mei Stephanus, Bego et Pontius…cum Philippia conjuge mea", by charter dated 1044[168].  "Willelmi comitis…et uxor sua Philipia et filii eorum Rotbertus et Willelmus et Pontius" donated property to Sauxillanges by undated charter[169].  "Willelmus, Arvenensis princeps" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "…filiis meis et uxore mea Phylippia", by undated charter subscribed by "Rotberti comitis, Willelmi comitis, Philippiæ matris eorum"[170]m (before 1030) PHILIPPA, daughter of --- (-after [1059/66]).  "Wilelmus Arvernorum comes" donated property to the church at Auvergne, with the consent of "filii…mei Stephanus, Bego et Pontius…cum Philippia conjuge mea", by charter dated 1044[171].  "Guilelmus…princeps Arvernorum" donated property to the abbey of Charroux with the consent of "coniugis meæ Philippiæ ac filiorum meorum Stephani, Rotberti, Guillelmi, Pontii" by charter dated [1047][172].  "Willelmi comitis…et uxor sua Philipia et filii eorum Rotbertus et Willelmus et Pontius" donated property to Sauxillanges by undated charter[173].  "Willelmus, Arvenensis princeps" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "…filiis meis et uxore mea Phylippia", by undated charter subscribed by "Rotberti comitis, Willelmi comitis, Philippiæ matris eorum"[174].  "Philippa" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "domni Wilelmi senioris mei ac filiorum meorum…Wilelmi, Pontii" and "pro Rotberto comite filio meo", by undated charter, subscribed by "Rotberti comitis…uxoris eius Judith"[175].  Comte Guillaume [V] & his wife had five children: 

(a)       ETIENNE .  "Wilelmus Arvernorum comes" donated property to the church at Auvergne, with the consent of "filii…mei Stephanus, Bego et Pontius…cum Philippia conjuge mea", by charter dated 1044[176].  "Guilelmus…princeps Arvernorum" donated property to the abbey of Charroux with the consent of "coniugis meæ Philippiæ ac filiorum meorum Stephani, Rotberti, Guillelmi, Pontii" by charter dated [1047][177]

(b)       ROBERT [II] (-[1096]).  "Guilelmus…princeps Arvernorum" donated property to the abbey of Charroux with the consent of "coniugis meæ Philippiæ ac filiorum meorum Stephani, Rotberti, Guillelmi, Pontii" by charter dated [1047][178]Comte d'Auvergne et de Gevaudan. 

-         see below

(c)       GUILLAUME (-before [1059/66]).  "Guilelmus…princeps Arvernorum" donated property to the abbey of Charroux with the consent of "coniugis meæ Philippiæ ac filiorum meorum Stephani, Rotberti, Guillelmi, Pontii" by charter dated [1047][179].  "Willelmi comitis…et uxor sua Philipia et filii eorum Rotbertus et Willelmus et Pontius" donated property to Sauxillanges by undated charter[180].  "Willelmus, Arvenensis princeps" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "…filiis meis et uxore mea Phylippia", by undated charter subscribed by "Rotberti comitis, Willelmi comitis, Philippiæ matris eorum"[181].  "Philippa" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "domni Wilelmi senioris mei ac filiorum meorum…Wilelmi, Pontii" and "pro Rotberto comite filio meo", by undated charter, subscribed by "Rotberti comtis…uxoris eius Judith"[182]

(d)       BEGON (-after 1044).  "Wilelmus Arvernorum comes" donated property to the church at Auvergne, with the consent of "filii…mei Stephanus, Bego et Pontius…cum Philippia conjuge mea", by charter dated 1044[183]

(e)       PONCE (-before [1059/66]).  "Wilelmus Arvernorum comes" donated property to the church at Auvergne, with the consent of "filii…mei Stephanus, Bego et Pontius…cum Philippia conjuge mea", by charter dated 1044[184].  "Guilelmus…princeps Arvernorum" donated property to the abbey of Charroux with the consent of "coniugis meæ Philippiæ ac filiorum meorum Stephani, Rotberti, Guillelmi, Pontii" by charter dated [1047][185].  "Willelmi comitis…et uxor sua Philipia et filii eorum Rotbertus et Willelmus et Pontius" donated property to Sauxillanges by undated charter[186].  "Philippa" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "domni Wilelmi senioris mei ac filiorum meorum…Wilelmi, Pontii" and "pro Rotberto comite filio meo", by undated charter, subscribed by "Rotberti comtis…uxoris eius Judith"[187]

b)         ETIENNE (-after [1013/21]).  "Domni Stephani episcopi, domni Rotberti, domni Vuillelmi, Umbergane comitisse matris eorum" signed a charter dated to [1013/21] under which property was donated to Sauxillanges[188]Bishop of Clermont

c)         GUILLAUME .  "Poncius…comes…Gabalitanensis telluris necnon et Forensis patriæ" donated "ecclesiam Langat…in comitatu Gabalitensi, aliam ecclesiam…Favairolas…" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Stephani et Alais et uxoris eius Theotbergæ et filiorum eius Stephani et Poncii vel fratrum eius Bertrandi et Willelmus et nepotum eius Stephani, Rotberti et Willelmi", by charter dated Feb [1010], signed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Willelmi fratris eius…"[189].  "Domni Stephani episcopi, domni Rotberti, domni Vuillelmi, Umbergane comitisse matris eorum" signed a charter dated to [1013/21] under which property was donated to Sauxillanges[190].  Comte d'Auvergne.  1010/1015. 

d)         ERMENGARDE d'Auvergne (-11 or 12 Mar after 1042).  The Flandria Generosa names "altera Ermengardis comitissa" as daughter of "Ermengardis comitissa Arvenensis", and mother of "Berta comitissa [=de Blois]", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and [Hawise] de Bretagne, which provided the grounds for the couple's separation[191].  As discussed above under her assumed mother Humberge, less chronological difficulties result if Ermengarde was in fact the daughter of Guillaume [IV] Comte d'Auvergne.  The date of her marriage is fixed by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which names "comitissam Turonensem Ermengardem" as wife of "Odonem Campaniensem comitem" when recording in 1005 their joint restoration of "Turonis maioris monasterii"[192].  The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "IV Id Mar" of "Ermengardis comitissa"[193].  The necrology of Pontlevoy records the death "V Id Mar" of "Ermengardis comitissa"[194]m (1005) as his second wife, EUDES II Comte de Blois, son of EUDES I Comte de Blois & his wife Berthe de Bourgogne [Welf] ([982/83]-killed in battle Commercy 15 Nov 1037). 

 

 

ROBERT [II] d'Auvergne, son of GUILLAUME [V] Comte d'Auvergne et de Clermont & his wife Philippa --- (-[1096]).  "Guilelmus…princeps Arvernorum" donated property to the abbey of Charroux with the consent of "coniugis meæ Philippiæ ac filiorum meorum Stephani, Rotberti, Guillelmi, Pontii" by charter dated [1047][195].  "Willelmi comitis…et uxor sua Philipia et filii eorum Rotbertus et Willelmus et Pontius" donated property to Sauxillanges by undated charter[196].  "Willelmus, Arvenensis princeps" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "…filiis meis et uxore mea Phylippia", by undated charter subscribed by "Rotberti comitis, Willelmi comitis, Philippiæ matris eorum"[197].  "Rotbertus Rotenensis urbis comes cum…matre…Phylippia" donated the church of Taravella to the abbey of Conques by charters dated 1058, subscribed by "Willelmi comitis", and 1059[198]Comte d'Auvergne et de Gevaudan.  "Philippa" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "domni Wilelmi senioris mei ac filiorum meorum…Wilelmi, Pontii" and "pro Rotberto comite filio meo", by undated charter, subscribed by "Rotberti comitis…uxoris eius Judith"[199].  "Rotbertus comes Arvernorum" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Willelmi, matrisque meæ Philippæ, necnon et fratrum meorum…Willelmi et Pontii", by charter dated 18 Apr 1069 subscribed by "uxoris meæ comitisse Judit"[200].  "Robertus…comes…Arvernensis" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Guillelmi et Philipiæ et uxoris suæ Judetæ", by undated charter[201]

m firstly (before 23 Jan 1051) BERTHE de Rouergue, daughter of HUGUES Comte de Rouergue et de Gevaudun [Toulouse] & his wife Fé de Cerdanya (-[1063/64]).  "Hugo Ruthenensium comes et mater mea Ricardis comitissa" donated property to Conques, for the soul of "Raymundi comitis", by charter dated 23 Jan 1051, signed by "Ricardis commitissæ…Rodberti comitis, Fidei comitissæ, Bertæ comitissæ, Berengarii vicecomitis, Bernardi archidiaconi et fratrum eius"[202].  A charter dated 1079 records that "Rothbertus comes et eius uxor Berta, filia Ugonis Rutenensis comitis" donated "abbatiam sancti Amancii" to Saint-Victor, Marseille[203].  Ctss de Rouergue et de Gevaudun.  On her death, the counties of Narbonne, Agde, Béziers, Uzès and Rouergue reverted to Guillaume IV Comte de Toulouse. 

m secondly (before 14 May 1068) JUDITH de Melgueil, daughter of RAYMOND [I] Comte de Melgueil & his wife Beatrix de Poitou (-30 Apr after [1096]).  "Philippa" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "domni Wilelmi senioris mei ac filiorum meorum…Wilelmi, Pontii" and "pro Rotberto comite filio meo", by undated charter, subscribed by "Rotberti comitis…uxoris eius Judith"[204].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified, although it is indicated by the charter of Pons [de Melgueil] Abbot of Cluny who names Judith “amitam suam” (see below).  "Rotbertus comes Arvernorum" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Willelmi, matrisque meæ Philippæ, necnon et fratrum meorum…Willelmi et Pontii", by charter dated 18 Apr 1069 subscribed by "uxoris meæ comitisse Judit"[205].  "Robertus…comes…Arvernensis" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitorum suorum Guillelmi et Philipiæ et uxoris suæ Judetæ", by undated charter[206].  "Poncius…Cluniacensis ecclesiæ…abbas" recommended "amitam suam domnam Judit Arvernorum comitissam" to donate property to Cluny, noting the later donation by "eidem comitissæ et filio eius domno Willelmo Arvernorum comiti…et filios eius Robertum…et Willelmum et eius filiam Judith", by undated charter[207].  She became a nun at Saint-Pierre de Cornillon, Grenoble after her husband died[208].  The necrology of the priory of Saint-Robert de Cornillon, Grenoble records the death "II Kal Mai" of "Judeta monacha comitissa Arvernensis"[209]

Comte Robert [II] & his second wife had two children: 

1.         JUDITH (-after 1109).  "Poncius…Cluniacensis ecclesiæ…abbas" recommended "amitam suam domnam Judit Arvernorum comitissam" to donate property to Cluny, noting the later donation by "eidem comitissæ et filio eius domno Willelmo Arvernorum comiti…et filios eius Robertum…et Willelmum et eius filiam Judith", by undated charter[210].  Nun at La Chaise-Dieu. 

2.         GUILLAUME [VI] (-25 Jan [1136]).  "Rotberti comitis Alvernorum, Wilelmi filii eius" subscribed a charter of "Francorum rex Philippus" dated 1095[211]Comte d'Auvergne et de Velay.  The necrology of the priory of Saint-Robert de Cornillon, Grenoble records the death "VIII Kal Feb" of "Guillelmus comes Arverniæ"[212]m ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known.  It is possible that she was Emma of Sicily, daughter of daughter of Roger I Count of Sicily & his first wife Judith d'Evreux [Normandie].  Malaterra names "filiam eius…Emmam…de prima uxore Judicta" when recording that her father arranged her marriage to Philippe I King of France, in return for a generous dowry, not knowing that the king was still married to Bertha of Holland.  She left for France, but when the king's marital status came to light, the dowry was sent back to Sicily and her marriage to the Comte de Clermont was arranged by her brother-in-law Raymond de Saint-Gilles[213].  Baluze is extremely sceptical about the reliability of these statements and suggests that the "comte de Clermont" in question may have been a member of the Clermont [Chiaramonte] family which is recorded from the early 12th century in southern Italy[214].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[215], the wife of Comte Guillaume [VI] was Emma, daughter of Guillaume d'Evreux, who was the maternal aunt of Emma of Sicily, but this appears to be chronologically impossible.  Emma married [secondly] Rodolfo Macabeo Conte di Montescaglioso.  Pope Pascal II confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat in Sicily and Calabria by charter dated 3 Jan 1113, listing the donations including "Emme filie Rogerii comitis Sicilie et Calabrie…orto ante ecclesiam Sancte Perpetue"[216].  "Rogerius…Sicilie et Italie rex" confirmed donations "a beate memorie Emma sorore nostra quondam comitissa civitate Severiane et Appii domina" to the church of St Basilius in Appia by charter dated 21 Sep 1133[217].  "Rogerius…Sicilie et Italie rex…Rogerii primi comitis heres et filius" confirmed past donations to St Mary Josephat, Jerusalem by (among others) "dna Emma soror nostra uxor quondam Radulfi Machabei" by charter dated 11 Oct 1144[218].  Comte Guillaume [VI] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT [III] (-[1145]).  "Poncius…Cluniacensis ecclesiæ…abbas" recommended "amitam suam domnam Judit Arvernorum comitissam" to donate property to Cluny, noting the later donation by "eidem comitissæ et filio eius domno Willelmo Arvernorum comiti…et filios eius Robertum…et Willelmum et eius filiam Judith", by undated charter[219]Comte d'Auvergne.  "Rotbertus comes Arvernorum" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Willelmi et matris meæ ac fratris mei Willelmi et filii mei Willelmi", by undated charter[220]m ---.  The name of Robert's wife is not known.  Comte Robert [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUILLAUME [VII] "le Jeune" (-[1169]).  "Rotbertus comes Arvernorum" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Willelmi et matris meæ ac fratris mei Willelmi et filii mei Willelmi", by undated charter[221]Comte d'Auvergne

-         see below, Part E

b)         GUILLAUME [VIII] "le Vieux" d'Auvergne (-[1182])"Poncius…Cluniacensis ecclesiæ…abbas" recommended "amitam suam domnam Judit Arvernorum comitissam" to donate property to Cluny, noting the later donation by "eidem comitissæ et filio eius domno Willelmo Arvernorum comiti…et filios eius Robertum…et Willelmum et eius filiam Judith", by undated charter[222].  He succeeded as Comte d'Auvergne

-        see below

 

 

GUILLAUME [VIII] "le Vieux" d'Auvergne, son of GUILLAUME [VI] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Emma of Sicily (-[1182]).  "Poncius…Cluniacensis ecclesiæ…abbas" recommended "amitam suam domnam Judit Arvernorum comitissam" to donate property to Cluny, noting the later donation by "eidem comitissæ et filio eius domno Willelmo Arvernorum comiti…et filios eius Robertum…et Willelmum et eius filiam Judith", by undated charter[223].  He succeeded as Comte d'Auvergne

m ANNE de Nevers, daughter of GUILLAUME II Comte de Nevers & his wife Adelais ---.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa Anna…soror comitis Renaldi Nivernensis" as mother of "Robertus [comes Alvernie]"[224]

Comte Guillaume [VIII] & his wife had four children: 

1.         ROBERT [IV] d'Auvergne (-[1194], bur Abbaye de Bouchet, near Limais).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, although it is indicated by the charter in which his supposed brother Guillaume is named (see below).  Baluze cites no charter which confirms his parentage[225]Comte d'Auvergne et de Clermont. 

-        see below

2.         GUILLAUME (-1219).  His parentage is confirmed by the record of the elevation of the relics of St Austremoine in Mauzac abbey, dated 10 Apr 1197, which names "Robertum Claromontensem episcopum" and "W. præpositus Claromontensis avunculus dicti episcopi"[226].  Prior at Brioude.  [Provost at Clermont cathedral 1209.] 

3.         [JUDITH .  Secondary sources state that the wife of Béraud [III] Sire de Mercœur was the daughter of Guillaume [VIII] Comte d'Auvergne.  Baluze traces this hypothesis to a source printed in 1665 but is sceptical about its accuracy[227]m BERAUD [III] Sire de Mercœur, son of ODILON [de Mercœur] & his wife --- (-before 1169).] 

4.         [AGNES (-after 1195).  "Hugo comes Ruthenæ, filius Ermengardis et Hugo filius eius et Agnetis comitissæ" donated property to Conques by charter dated 1195[228].  Secondary sources state that the wife of Hugues [II] Comte de Rodez was the daughter of Guillaume [VIII] Comte d'Auvergne.  Baluze traces this hypothesis to a source printed in 1665[229], indicating that her family origin is suggested by the testament of her son "Willelmus comes Ruthenensis", dated to 1208, who appointed "Guidonem comitem Arverniæ…Willelmum filium suum" as his heir[230].  However, if this is correct it is unclear why Guillaume Comte de Rodez would have appointed as his heir a maternal relative in preference to a more remote connection through his paternal line.  m HUGUES [II] Comte de Rodez, son of HUGUES [I] Comte de Rodez & his wife Ermengarde de Creissels (-[1208], bur Bonneval {Le Cairol, Aveyron}).] 

 

 

ROBERT [IV] d'Auvergne, son of GUILLAUME [VIII] "le Vieux" Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Anne de Nevers (-[1194], bur Abbaye de Bouchet, near Limais).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, although it is indicated by the charter in which his supposed brother Guillaume is named (see above).  Baluze cites no charter which confirms his parentage[231]Comte d'Auvergne et de Clermont.  A charter dated 1182 records an agreement between the abbot of Saint-Michel de Cluse, Piemonte and "comiti Roberto"[232].  Baluze states that Comte Robert died "environ l’an 1194" and was buried "en l’abbaye du Bouschet", reproducing an image of the tomb in which he and his wife are buried[233]

m MATHILDE de Bourgogne, daughter of EUDES II Duke of Burgundy [Capet] & his wife Marie de Blois-Champagne (-22 Jul 1220, bur Abbaye de Bouchet, near Limais).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "sorore ducis Burgundie" as wife of "Roberti [comitis Alvernie]" but does not name her[234].  A charter dated May 1201 records disputes between "dominum Robertum…Claromontensem episcopum et Guidonem…comitem Arverniæ", mediated by "domino Odone…duce Burgundiæ" and naming "domina Mathildis mater eius"[235].  Dame de Limais, by grant as dowry.  She ceded Limais to Hervé de Nevers in Jun 1210. 

Comte Robert [IV] & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [IX] (-[1195/97]).  His parentage, and the fact that he succeeded his father, is confirmed by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which records that "Robertus frater Guilelmi et Guidonis comitum Alvernie" was installed as Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in 1198[236]Comte d’Auvergne et de Clermont.  There is no precise indication of the date of his death, but his brother Guy [II] is recorded as Comte d’Auvergne from May 1198. 

2.         GUY [II] (-1222, bur Le Bouchet).  His parentage is confirmed by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which records that "Robertus frater Guilelmi et Guidonis comitum Alvernie" was installed as Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in 1198[237]Comte d'Auvergne et de Vic-le-Comte.  "Guido comes Alverniæ" wrote to Pope Innocent III concerning "fratrem meum Robertum Claromontensem episcopum" dated May 1198[238].  A charter dated May 1201 records disputes between "dominum Robertum…Claromontensem episcopum et Guidonem…comitem Arverniæ", mediated by "domino Odone…duce Burgundiæ" and naming "domina Mathildis mater eius"[239].  Comte de Rodez 1208.  "Guido comes Claromontensis" donated "Buillonem…et Leez…et Buisseroles…" to "Petronillæ dominiæ Chambonii uxori meæ comitissæ Clarimontensis in dotalicio" on leaving for "partes Albigenses…contra hæreticos", with the consent of "Guillelmus primogenitus meus […matri suæ]", by charter dated 1209[240].  The testament of "Guidonis comitis Arvernorum", dated 27 May 1209, names "Guillelmo primogenito suo…Hugo secundus natu…Petronillæ uxoris suæ…Guidoni…tertio filio suo"[241].  La Mure records that Philippe II King of France dispossessed Guy [II] of his county in 1210 in reprisal for his persecution of his brother Robert Bishop of Clermont[242]m ([1180]) PETRONILLE de Chambon, daughter of AMELIUS [III] de Chambon {Puy-de-Dôme} & his wife Dalmatie --- (-after Jun 1232).  "Guido comes Claromontensis" donated "Buillonem…et Leez…et Buisseroles…" to "Petronillæ dominiæ Chambonii uxori meæ comitissæ Clarimontensis in dotalicio" on leaving for "partes Albigenses…contra hæreticos", with the consent of "Guillelmus primogenitus meus […matri suæ]", by charter dated 1209[243].  The testament of "Guidonis comitis Arvernorum", dated 27 May 1209, names "Guillelmo primogenito suo…Hugo secundus natu…Petronillæ uxoris suæ…Guidoni…tertio filio suo"[244].  “C. comitissa Alvernie” records a donation to “domui Portus Sancte Marie, Cartusiensis ordinis” by charter dated Jun 1232 which names “G. comes Alvernie, olim maritus meus[245].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "comitis Guidonis Alvernie…uxore" was "soror abbatis Radulfi…Camboniam", adding that her parents were "filiam cuiusdam nobilis de Alvernia…Guilelmus, Dalmatiam" and “Amelius de Cambonio” and that after Amelius died “eandem…Dalmatiam” married “Eustorgius de Rupe” [Roche-Aimon] by whom she had “domnum abbatem Radulfum [abbatem Clarevallensem] et fratres eius[246].  Comte Guy [II] & his wife had eight children:     

a)         GUILLAUME [X] (-1246, bur Le Bouchet).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "iunior comes Alvernie Guilelmus" was son of “comitis Guidonis Alvernie” and his wife "soror abbatis Radulfi…Camboniam"[247]Comte d'Auvergne

-        see below

b)         HUGUES d’Auvergne (-after Jun 1232).  The testament of "Guidonis comitis Arvernorum", dated 27 May 1209, names "Guillelmo primogenito suo…Hugo secundus natu…Petronillæ uxoris suæ…Guidoni…tertio filio suo"[248]Bishop of Clermont .  The testament of "Robertus…prime Lugdunensis ecclesie archiepiscopus", dated Jun 1232, appointed "nepotem nostrum Hugonem episcopum Claromontensem et Guidonem fratrem eius archidiaconum Lugdunensem…"[249]

c)         GUY (-after Jun 1232).  The testament of "Guidonis comitis Arvernorum", dated 27 May 1209, names "Guillelmo primogenito suo…Hugo secundus natu…Petronillæ uxoris suæ…Guidoni…tertio filio suo"[250].  "…Wido præpositus frater comitis…" witnessed the charter dated 1 Feb 1224 under which "Willelmus…comes Arverniæ et Aleydis quondam comitissa de Los" renounced an inheritance from "dominus dux Lotharingiæ", presumably in connection with their forthcoming marriage although the document does not specify this[251].  Archdeacon of Lyon.  The testament of "Robertus…prime Lugdunensis ecclesie archiepiscopus", dated Jun 1232, appointed "nepotem nostrum Hugonem episcopum Claromontensem et Guidonem fratrem eius archidiaconum Lugdunensem…"[252]

d)         ALIX (-after 21 Feb 1250).  An undated charter records the marriage of "Raimundus vicecomes Torenæ" and "filiam Guidonis comitis Arvernorum"[253].  "Hahliz vicecomitissa Turennæ" records a debt to "fratri nostro Guillelmo quondam comiti Claromontensi" and payment to "nepoti nostro Rotberto comiti Claromontensi filio prædicti fratris nostri", by charter dated 13 Sep 1247[254].  "Haelis relicta Raimundi quondam vicecomitis Turennæ", under her testament dated 24 Feb 1250, refers to the dowry granted by "bonæ memoriæ Guidone quondam comite Claromontensi patre meo" and appointed "filiam meam Haelis uxorem Heliæ Rudelli junioris" as her heir[255]m (contract Dec 1208) RAYMOND [IV] Vicomte de Turenne, son of RAYMOND [III] Vicomte de Turenne & his wife Hélie de Severac (-[1243]). 

e)         MARGUERITE (-1263 or after).  "Heraclius dominus Montislauri" exchanged property with the Templars at Puy-en-Velay, confirmed by "Margarita uxor predicti domini Heraclii, et…Poncetus et Herailletus filii nostri", by charter dated Jun 1236[256]m as his second wife, HERACLE [I] Seigneur de Montlaur, son of PONS Seigneur de Montlaur & his wife Agnes de Posquières (-1248 or after). 

f)          ERMENGARDE (-16 Jan 1225).  An undated charter records that "Reginaldus…primæ Lugdunensis ecclesiæ minister…et pater meus comes Forensis et Guido comes Arverniæ" agreed the marriages, firstly of "G. fratris mei" and "filias G. comitis Arverniæ", and secondly of "filius…dicti comitis Arverniæ" and "filiam fratris mei G. quondam comitis Forensis"[257].  La Mure describes the background to this betrothal: Philippe II King of France had dispossessed Guy [II] of his county in 1210 in reprisal for his persecution of his brother Robert Bishop of Clermont, Guy de Dampierre Seigneur de Bourbon supported the king in this move, while the county of Forez supported the comte d’Auvergne[258].  However, in a later passage he records that the betrothal of the daughter of Guy de Forez and Guillaume [X] d’Auvergne was terminated "par le changement des affaires qui survint ès Maisons d’Auvergne et de Forez"[259].  La Mure does not state what happened to Ermengarde’s betrothal to Guy [IV] Comte de Forez at the time, but it appears likely that it was terminated too, and presumably revived at some later date.  "Guido comes Nivernensis et Forensis" donated property to the abbey of Bénissons Dieu, for the soul of "bonæ recordationis Ermengardis quondam uxoris meæ comitissæ Forensis", by charter dated [2/7] Jan 1226[260].  The necrology of Saint-Thomas-en-Forez records the death "XVII Kal Feb" of "Ememgertis comitisse"[261]m (Betrothed 1210 [terminated?], [1223/24]) as his second wife, GUY [IV] Comte de Forez, son of GUY [III] Comte de Forez & his second wife Alix --- (-Castellaneta, Apulia 29 Oct 1241, bur Notre-Dame de Montbrison). 

g)         daughter .  Her parentage is confirmed by the testament of "Guillermus comes Claromontensis", dated Feb 1245, which makes various donations including to "domui de las Chesas…ad vitam sororis nostræ"[262].  Nun at "Las Chasas" 1245. 

h)         daughter (-[1245]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of "Guillermus comes Claromontensis", dated Feb 1245, which provides for the anniversary of "sororis nostræ et…generis nostri Guillelmo de Ussone"[263]m GUILLAUME d'Usson, son of --- (-before [1245]). 

3.         ROBERT d’Auvergne (-Lyon 6 Jan 1234, bur Lyon Saint-Jean)Bishop of Clermont 1198.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "Robertus frater Guilelmi et Guidonis comitum Alvernie" was installed as Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in 1198[264].  A charter dated May 1201 records disputes between "dominum Robertum…Claromontensem episcopum et Guidonem…comitem Arverniæ", mediated by "domino Odone…duce Burgundiæ" and naming "domina Mathildis mater eius"[265]Archbishop of Lyon 1227.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1227 of “archiepiscopus Lugdunensis Renaldus...filius comitis Forensis” and the succession of “episcopus Clarimontensis de Alvernia Robertus cuius frater fuit Guido comes Alvernensis[266].  The testament of "Robertus…prime Lugdunensis ecclesie archiepiscopus", dated Jun 1232, appointed "nepotem nostrum Hugonem episcopum Claromontensem et Guidonem fratrem eius archidiaconum Lugdunensem…"[267].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1234 of “Robertum...archiepiscopum Lugdunensem[268].  The necrology of Clermont records the death "VIII Id Jan" of "R. archiepiscopi Lugdunensis"[269]

4.         MARIE .  "Albertus de Turre filius Alberti de Turre et Comitissæ filiæ Roberti comitis Arverniæ" confirmed donations to the Chartreuse de Portes by "Hugonis de Coliniaco" on the occasion of his marriage to "filiæ eius Beatricis" by undated charter[270].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  1229.  m ALBERT [II] Sire de la Tour-du Pin, son of ALBERT [I] de la Tour & his wife --- (-1229 or after). 

5.         daughter (-1210).  The Chronicon Bernardi Iterii records the death in 1210 of "uxor Guidonis comitis Lemovicensis, que fuit soror comitis Arvernorum"[271]m as his first wife, GUY [V] Vicomte de Limoges, son of ADEMAR [V] Vicomte de Limoges & his wife Sarah of Cornwall (-Avignon 29 Mar 1230, bur Limoges Saint-Marcial). 

6.         [ROBERT de Clermont ([1180/95]-[1219/Feb 1234]).  The parentage of Robert de Clermont is uncertain.  The charter dated Apr 1210, which identifies him as "avunculus" of Hugues Prior of Sauxillanges, appears to be the only document on which speculation about his ancestry can be based.  Hugues Prior of Sauxillanges has been identified as the son of Marie d’Auvergne, daughter of Robert [IV] Comte d’Auvergne, and her husband Albert [II] Sire de la Tour-du-Pin[272].  If that identification is correct, Robert de Clermont would have been Robert, son of Robert [IV] Comte d’Auvergne.  Other possibilities are discussed in the chapter dealing with the Seigneurs d’Olliergues.] 

-        SEIGNEURS d’OLLIERGUES

 

 

GUILLAUME [X] d’Auvergne, son of GUY [II] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Petronille de Chambon (-1246, bur Le Bouchet).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "iunior comes Alvernie Guilelmus" was son of “comitis Guidonis Alvernie” and his wife "soror abbatis Radulfi…Camboniam"[273].  "Guido comes Claromontensis" donated "Buillonem…et Leez…et Buisseroles…" to "Petronillæ dominiæ Chambonii uxori meæ comitissæ Clarimontensis in dotalicio" on leaving for "partes Albigenses…contra hæreticos", with the consent of "Guillelmus primogenitus meus […matri suæ]", by charter dated 1209[274].  The testament of "Guidonis comitis Arvernorum", dated 27 May 1209, names "Guillelmo primogenito suo…Hugo secundus natu…Petronillæ uxoris suæ…Guidoni…tertio filio suo"[275]Comte d'Auvergne.  Henry III King of England recorded a treaty with "W. filium comitis Guidonis de Alvernia et Delfinum Clari Montis et R. nepotem eius" dated [Oct] 1225[276].  The testament of "Guillermus comes Claromontensis", dated Feb 1245, chooses burial "in monasterio del Boschet in sepulcro bonæ memoriæ patris nostri", appoints "Robertum filium nostrum…sub custodia…Hugonis…episcopi Claromontensis consanguinei nostri" as his heir, names "Guidonem filium nostrum clericum…Guillermum et Godefridum filios nostros…Henricum filium nostrum", provides for the anniversary of "sororis nostræ et…generis nostri Guillelmo de Ussone" and makes various other donations including to "domui de las Chesas…ad vitam sororis nostræ"[277]

Betrothed (Apr 1202) to --- de Montluçon, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD Sire de Montluçon & his wife ---.  A charter dated Apr 1202 records an agreement between “Archembaudus dominus Montis Lucii” and “Guidonem comitem Arvernie" for the marriage of "filiam Archembaudi primogenitam" and "Guillelmus filius comitis, vel alter filius", together with "Combralium et comitatum"[278]

Betrothed ([1210]) to [ELEONORE] de Forez, daughter of GUY [III] Comte de Forez & his second wife Alix ---.  La Mure states that "la troisième et dernière fille de Guy III Comte de Forez et de son épouse Alice de Suilly" was "Eléonor de Forez" who, in a charter "alléguée par Justel de l’an 1210", was betrothed to "Guillaume fils de Guy II Comte d’Auvergne", that the betrothal was terminated "par le changement des affaires qui survint ès Maisons d’Auvergne et de Forez", and that the same daughter later married "un grand seigneur d’Auvergne nommé Guillaume de Baffie, seigneur de Baffie et de Viveron"[279].  In this way, La Mure conflates the daughter of Comte Guy [III] by his first marriage, who married Guillaume de Baffie as demonstrated by the charter dated Mar [1241/42] quoted above, with his younger daughter who was betrothed to Guillaume d’Auvergne.  This must be incorrect in light of the source which names the older daughter, wife of Guillaume de Baffie, as "S" (see SEIGNEURS de BAFFIE, below).  In an earlier passage, La Mure describes the background to this betrothal: Philippe II King of France had dispossessed Guy [II] of his county in 1210 in reprisal for his persecution of his brother Robert Bishop of Clermont, Guy de Dampierre Seigneur de Bourbon supported the king in this move, while the county of Forez supported the comte d’Auvergne[280].  The agreement is confirmed in the undated charter which records that "Reginaldus…primæ Lugdunensis ecclesiæ minister…et pater meus comes Forensis et Guido comes Arverniæ" agreed the marriages, firstly of "G. fratris mei" and "filias G. comitis Arverniæ", and secondly of "filius…dicti comitis Arverniæ" and "filiam […reliquæ filiæ fratris mei] fratris mei G. quondam comitis Forensis"[281].  This charter makes it clear that this daughter was the last remaining (unmarried) daughter ("reliquæ filiæ") of Comte Guy [III], but the document does not name her.  La Mure gives no indication of the basis on which he names her "Eléonor", but presumably his source was Justel’s Histoire d’Auvergne (not yet consulted).  No record has been found which indicates that this betrothal was ever finalised into a marriage, although the late date of Guillaume [X]’s recorded marriage suggests that he may have been married before and remarried only after the death of his earlier wife, who would presumably have died childless. 

m (before 3 Feb 1225) as her second husband, ALEIDIS de Brabant, widow of ARNOLD [III] Graf van Looz en Rieneck, daughter of HENRI I Duke of Brabant & his first wife Mathilde de Flandre (-[1261/67]).  The Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Heredum Franciæ refers to the third of the four daughters of "Henricus dux" as the wife of "comes de Alvernia" and mother of "Robertum comitem Bolonie et Alvernie et fratres eius et sorores"[282].  The Oude Kronik van Brabant names "Mariam, conthoralem Ottonis Quartus Romanorum imperatoris, Aleydam comitissam Auernie, Margaretam comitissam Gerardi comitis Ghelrie et Mechteldim, primo quidem comitissam Palatinam Rheni, postea…comitissam Hollandie" as the daughters of "Henricus…primus, dux Lotharingie" and his wife "Mechteldim, filiam Mathei Boloniensis comitis"[283].  "Willelmus…comes Arverniæ et Aleydis quondam comitissa de Los" renounced an inheritance from "dominus dux Lotharingiæ", presumably in connection with their forthcoming marriage although the document does not specify this, by charter dated 1 Feb 1224[284].  She married thirdly (before Dec 1251) as his second wife, Arnold [III] Heer van Wesemaal Marshall of Brabant.  "Robertus comes Claremontis et Alverniæ, Aleydis mater eius, et Arnoldus dominus de Wensemale maritus" confirmed agreement concerning property by charter dated 1251[285].  Her third marriage is confirmed by a letter dated 1260 from "Ernoul chevalier Sire de Wesemale et Alys que fu contesse d’Auvergne sa femme" granted their rights in the county of Boulogne to "nostre cousine germaine la contesse Mahaut de Boloigne"[286]

Guillaume [X] & his wife had six children: 

1.         MARIE (-19 May 1280).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "alium Walterum Bertolt", son of "domino Waltero Bertolt advocato Macliniensi", married "Maria filia comitis Alverniæ Wilelmi", adding that they had "filios…et filias"[287].  A charter dated 1238 records a peace agreement between "ducem Brabantie" and "nobilem virum Dominum Walterum Berthout", confirmed by the marriage of "dux consanguineam suam Mariam primogenitam sororis suæ comitissa de Alvernia" and "Waltero Berthout primogenito Walteri Berthout predicti"[288].  An inscription in the church at Mechelen ("antiqua ecclesia majoris Begginagii Mechliniensis") records the deaths of its founders, 19 May 1280 of "Maria vidua D. Waltheri de Berthaut domini Machliniensis" and 25 Feb 1299 of "Sophia de Breda eius filia vidua D. Henrici domini de Breda et de Bergis"[289]m (contract 1238) WALTER [VI] Berthout Heer van Mechelen, son of WALTER [V] Berthout Heer van Mechelen & his wife Adeluye d’Enghien (-after Nov 1286). 

2.         ROBERT [V] (-11 Jan 1277).  The testament of "Guillermus comes Claromontensis", dated Feb 1245, chooses burial "in monasterio del Boschet in sepulcro bonæ memoriæ patris nostri", appoints "Robertum filium nostrum…sub custodia…Hugonis…episcopi Claromontensis consanguinei nostri" as his heir and names "Guidonem filium nostrum clericum…Guillermum et Godefridum filios nostros…Henricum filium nostrum"[290].  "Hahliz vicecomitissa Turennæ" records a debt to "fratri nostro Guillelmo quondam comiti Claromontensi" and payment to "nepoti nostro Rotberto comiti Claromontensi filio prædicti fratris nostri", by charter dated 13 Sep 1247[291]Comte d’Auvergne.  "Robertus comes Claremontis et Alverniæ, Aleydis mater eius, et Arnoldus dominus de Wensemale maritus" confirmed agreement concerning property by charter dated 1251[292].  Comte de Boulogne 1260.  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, appoints "Guillelmum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir "in comitatu meo de Arvernia et in comitatu meo de Bolonia" and "Robertum filium meum…in terra mea de Combralia", makes other bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ", grants "castrum meum de Castronovo" to "Elionoræ uxori meæ", and chooses burial in "monasterio Vallis lucidæ Cisterciensis ordinis"[293]m ([1245]) ELEONORE de Baffie, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Seigneur de Baffie & his wife S--- de Forez (-12 Jan, 1285 or after).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the execution of a testamentary clause of "Guillaume de Baffie par sa fille Eléonore comtesse d’Auvergne" dated 1285[294].   The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, grants "castrum meum de Castronovo" to "Elionoræ uxori meæ", and chooses burial in "monasterio Vallis lucidæ Cisterciensis ordinis"[295].  Dame d’Ambert et de Livradois.  The testament of "Alionora comitissa Boloniæ et Alverniæ domina Baffiæ", dated Jan 1285, names "Robertum filium meum Boloniæ et Alverniæ comitem…Godefridum filium meum…Guidonem filium meum…Mathildem filiam meam…Mariam filiam meam...dominæ Alienor amitæ meæ"[296].  Robert [V] & his wife had six children: 

a)         GUILLAUME [X] (-[1276/77]).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, appoints "Guillelmum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir "in comitatu meo de Arvernia et in comitatu meo de Bolonia"[297]Comte d’Auvergne

b)         ROBERT [VI] (-1317).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, appoints "Guillelmum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir "Robertum filium meum…in terra mea de Combralia"[298]Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne.  A charter dated 1 Jul 1299 records an agreement between "Robert comte d’Auvergne et de Boulogne, Béatrix sa femme, Guillaume de Bourbon sire de Bessay, et Mathilde sa femme, lesdites Béatrix et Mathilde filles de Faucon seigneur de Montgascon" and "Guichard sire de Beaujeu" relating to the succession of "Humbert jadis sire de Beaujeu et d’Isabelle sa fille", Béatrix and Mathilde representing "leur grand’mère Béatrix de Beaujeu, qui avait épousé Robert de Mongascon, père dudit Faucon"[299].  The testament of "Robertus comes Alverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 20 Apr 1314, founds an anniversary for "Guillelmi fratris mei", confirmed the bequest by "pater meus" to "dominæ Mathildi sorori suæ uxori domini Roberti comitis Claromont delphini Alverniæ", appoints "Beatrici...uxori meæ" as his heir, and names "dominum episcopum Claromontensem et dominum Guidonem episcopum Tornacensem fratrem meum germanum" as his executors[300]m (contract 14 Jul 1276 & Jul 1278, confirmed 14 Jun 1279) BEATRIX de Montgascon, daughter of FAUCON [III] Seigneur de Montgascon & his wife Isabelle de Ventadour (-after 1314).  The marriage proposal between "Rotberti…comitis Claromont, Alverniæ ac Boloniæ…inpubescentes filios…excepto…Guillelmo filio nostro dicti comitis primogenito" and "dominæ Isabellis relictæ…Falconis domini quondam de Montegasconio…inpubescentes filias" is dated Jul 1274, confirmed Jul 1278[301].  Dame de Montgascon et d’Espine.  "Dominus Johannes de Monteguasconio canonicus Claromontensis tutor…Maurs proneptis suæ filiæ quondam Falconis de Monteguasconio quondam nepotis sui" confirmed the marriage contract between "Rotbertus Arverniæ et Boloniæ comes" and "Beatricem filiam primogenitam ipsius Falconis domini de Monteguasconio", confirmed by "idem dominus Johannes et dominus Guillelmus de Monteguasconio præceptor domus militiæ Templi de Turreta et dominus Petrus de Monteguasconio prior de Poublertas patrui, et dominus Radulphus de Cornonio miles consanguineus…" executors of the testament of "bonæ memoriæ domini Aymerici de Monteguasconio canonici quondam Claromontensis ac patrui ipsius Beatricis", by charter dated 14 Jun 1279[302].  A charter dated 1 Jul 1299 records an agreement between "Robert comte d’Auvergne et de Boulogne, Béatrix sa femme, Guillaume de Bourbon sire de Bessay, et Mathilde sa femme, lesdites Béatrix et Mathilde filles de Faucon seigneur de Montgascon" and "Guichard sire de Beaujeu" relating to the succession of "Humbert jadis sire de Beaujeu et d’Isabelle sa fille", Béatrix and Mathilde representing "leur grand’mère Béatrix de Beaujeu, qui avait épousé Robert de Mongascon, père dudit Faucon"[303].  The undated testament of "Beatrix comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ uxor...Rotberti comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ" appoints "dominum Rotbertum de Bolonia militem filium meum procreatum de domino meo...prædicto" as her heir[304].  Robert [VI] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          ROBERT [VII] "le Grand" (-St Geraldus 13 Oct 1325, bur Le Bouchet).  The undated testament of "Beatrix comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ uxor...Rotberti comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ" appoints "dominum Rotbertum de Bolonia militem filium meum procreatum de domino meo...prædicto" as her heir[305]Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne. 

-         see below

ii)         [MIRABILIE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   She is not named by Baluze[306]m (before 1321) GERAUD Ploton de Bussières Seigneur de Chaslus et de Bussières, son of ---.] 

c)         GODEFROI (-killed in battle Courtrai 11 Jul 1302).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, makes bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ"[307]

d)         GUY d’Auvergne (-1336, before 17 Jul).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, makes bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ"[308]Bishop of Tournai 1301.  Bishop of Cambrai 1324. 

e)         MATHILDE .  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, makes bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ"[309].  The marriage contract between "Stephanus dominus Montis S. Joannis et Stephanus de Monte S. Joannis eius filius emancipatus" and "domicellam Mathildim de Bolonia…Roberti Alverniæ et Boloniæ comitis fratris sui" is dated May 1291[310]m (contract May 1291) ETIENNE [III] Seigneur de Mont-Saint-Jean, son of ETIENNE [II] Seigneur de Mont-Saint-Jean & his wife Mathilde de Frolois (-1333). 

f)          MARIE (-1 Dec 1286).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, makes bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ"[311].  Nun at Fontevraud.  The necrology of Fontevraud records the death "Kal Dec" of "domina Maria Deo dicata…comitis Arverniæ atque Boloniæ filia", adding that she had become a nun there "in flore juventutis"[312]

3.         GUY d’Auvergne (-Feb 1279).  The testament of "Guillermus comes Claromontensis", dated Feb 1245, chooses burial "in monasterio del Boschet in sepulcro bonæ memoriæ patris nostri", appoints "Robertum filium nostrum…sub custodia…Hugonis…episcopi Claromontensis consanguinei nostri" as his heir and names "Guidonem filium nostrum clericum…Guillermum et Godefridum filios nostros…Henricum filium nostrum"[313]Archbishop of Lyon 1267. 

4.         GUILLAUME (-before 9 Dec 1286).  The testament of "Guillermus comes Claromontensis", dated Feb 1245, chooses burial "in monasterio del Boschet in sepulcro bonæ memoriæ patris nostri", appoints "Robertum filium nostrum…sub custodia…Hugonis…episcopi Claromontensis consanguinei nostri" as his heir and names "Guidonem filium nostrum clericum…Guillermum et Godefridum filios nostros…Henricum filium nostrum"[314].  Provost of Bruges. 

5.         GEOFFROY (-after 1245).  The testament of "Guillermus comes Claromontensis", dated Feb 1245, chooses burial "in monasterio del Boschet in sepulcro bonæ memoriæ patris nostri", appoints "Robertum filium nostrum…sub custodia…Hugonis…episcopi Claromontensis consanguinei nostri" as his heir and names "Guidonem filium nostrum clericum…Guillermum et Godefridum filios nostros…Henricum filium nostrum"[315]

6.         HENRI (-[1256/58]).  The testament of "Guillermus comes Claromontensis", dated Feb 1245, chooses burial "in monasterio del Boschet in sepulcro bonæ memoriæ patris nostri", appoints "Robertum filium nostrum…sub custodia…Hugonis…episcopi Claromontensis consanguinei nostri" as his heir and names "Guidonem filium nostrum clericum…Guillermum et Godefridum filios nostros…Henricum filium nostrum"[316]

7.         MATHILDE (-20 Aug 1280, bur Saint-André).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, makes bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ"[317].  Another document, dated 7 Jan 1277, relating to the execution of the testament of "quondam bonæ memoriæ Roberti comitis Arverniæ et Boloniæ" names "Mathildem uxorem…domini Roberti Delphini comitis sororem quondam…testatoris"[318]m ROBERT Comte de Clermont, son of ROBERT [I] Comte de Clermont & his wife Alésie de Ventadour (-[20/21] Mar 1282). 

 

 

ROBERT [VII] "le Grand" d’Auvergne, son of ROBERT [VI] Comte d’Auvergne et de Boulogne & his wife Beatrix de Montgascon (-St Geraldus 13 Oct 1325, bur Le Bouchet).  The undated testament of "Beatrix comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ uxor...Rotberti comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ" appoints "dominum Rotbertum de Bolonia militem filium meum procreatum de domino meo...prædicto" as her heir[319]Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne. 

m firstly (contract Paris 25 Jun 1303) BLANCHE de Clermont, daughter of ROBERT de France Comte de Clermont Sire de Bourbon & his wife Béatrix dame de Bourbon (1281-1304, bur Boulogne-sur-Mer, église de Notre-Dame).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 1379 an agreement between "Ludovicus dux Bourbonensis et comes Claromontensis" and "consanguinei nostri defunctus Guido de Bolonia quondam sanctæ Romanis ecclesiæ cardinalis et Joannes comes Boloniæ et Alverniæ fratres, necnon Johanna de Bourbonio comitissa Boloniæ dicti comitis uxor" which recites that "Robertus beati Ludovici regis quondam Francorum...filius comes Claromontensis et dominus Bourbonesii" had two children "Ludovicus et Blanchiam", that the latter married "Roberto quondam Boloniæ et Alverniæ comite" with a dowry consisting of "castra et terræ de Semur, d’Argentie, de Marchia, et du Terrail in patria et ducatu Borbonensii"[320]

m secondly (contract Feb 1312) MARIE de Flandre, daughter of GUILLAUME de Flandre Heer van Dendermonde & his wife Alix de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis (-1350).  The marriage contract between "Robert comte de Boloigne et Robert de Boloigne chevalier son fils" and "Jehan de Chalon Seigneur d’Arlay et Aelis dame de Neele sa femme...et Marie de Flandres fille de ladite dame de Neele" is dated Feb 1312[321].  Vicomtesse de Châteaudun, which she presumably sold in 1340 to her niece's husband Guillaume de Craon.  A charter dated 1334 records an agreement between "domina Maria de Flandria comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ relicta...Roberti quondam comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ, tutrix...Godofredi, Mariæ et Margaritæ liberorum suorum et dicti quondam comitis...et...Johannes et Guido de Bolonia fratres filii dictæ dominæ Mariæ comitissæ" and "dominus Guillelmus Boloniæ et Arverniæ comes primogenitus dicti Roberti...", and refers to the marriage of "ipsum Johannem et...Johannam filiam quondam domini Johannis de Claromonte quondam domini de Charolais nunc uxorem dicti Johannis"[322]

Robert [VII] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         GUILLAUME [XI] (-Château de Vic-le-Comte, Puy-de-Dôme 6 Aug 1332)The marriage contract between "Robert comte de Boloigne et Robert de Boloigne chevalier son fils" and "Jehan de Chalon Seigneur d’Arlay et Aelis dame de Neele sa femme...et Marie de Flandres fille de ladite dame de Neele", dated Feb 1312, names "Guillaume aisné fil dudit Robert que il eut de Blanche sa premiere femme"[323]Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne.  A charter dated 1334 records an agreement between "domina Maria de Flandria comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ relicta...Roberti quondam comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ, tutrix...Godofredi, Mariæ et Margaritæ liberorum suorum et dicti quondam comitis...et...Johannes et Guido de Bolonia fratres filii dictæ dominæ Mariæ comitissæ" and "dominus Guillelmus Boloniæ et Arverniæ comes primogenitus dicti Roberti..."[324].  The necrology of Clermont Cordeliers records the death "VIII Id Aug" 1332 of "dominus Guillermus comes Bononiæ et Arverniæ" and his donation[325]m (1325) MARGUERITE d’Evreux, daughter of LOUIS de France Comte d’Evreux & his wife Marguerite d’Artois (1307-1350, bur Notre-Dame de Boulogne-sur-Mer).  A charter dated 25 Jul 1331 is addressed to "Margaritæ comitissæ Boloniæ natæ quondam Ludovici de Francia comitis Ebroicensis"[326].  "Domina Marguerita Ebroicensi Arverniæ et Boloniæ comitissa tutrice...Johannæ filiæ suæ et quondam...Guillelmi...comitis" is named in a charter dated 1334[327].  Guillaume [XI] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [ROBERT (-young).  Baluze records that "Robert de Boulogne qui mourut en Arragon avant son pere" is named in three manuscript genealogies "citées par M. Justel" but adds that "j’ay bien de la peine à le croire" (which appears to relate to the place of his death not the existence of the child) considering it unlikely that a child of under six should have died away from his parents[328].] 

b)         JEANNE (8 May 1326-Château d’Arzilly de Vadans 29 Sep 1360).  "Domina Marguerita Ebroicensi Arverniæ et Boloniæ comitissa tutrice...Johannæ filiæ suæ et quondam...Guillelmi...comitis" is named in a charter dated 1334[329]Ctss d’Auvergne, Ctss de Boulogne.  The marriage contract between "Eudes duc de Bourgogne...et Jeanne fille de roi de France duchesse...Philippes de Bourgoigne fils" and "Marguerite comtesse de Bouloigne et d’Auvergne...Jeanne fille" is dated 26 Sep 1338[330].  She was regent of the duchy and county of Burgundy and the seigneurie de Salins, for her son by her first marriage, until her death.  The marriage contract between "Jean aisne fils du roy de France" and "Jeanne de Bouloigne comtesse de Bouloigne et d’Auvergne" is dated 13 Dec 1352[331].  She was consecrated Queen of France at Notre-Dame de Reims 26 Sep 1350 with her husband.  m firstly (contract Arras, Pas-de-Calais 26 Sep 1338, Vincennes Nov 1338) PHILIPPE de Bourgogne "Monsieur" Comte d'Artois, son of EUDES IV Duke of Burgundy & his wife Jeanne de France (10 Nov 1323-château d'Aiguillon, near Agen, Lot-et-Garonne 10 Aug 1346, bur Fontenay, église de l'Abbaye cistercienne).  Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne, by right of his wife.  m secondly (Sainte-Gemme, Feucherolles, Yvelines 9 Feb 1350) as his second wife, JEAN de Valois Duc de Normandie et de Guyenne, son of PHILIPPE VI King of France & his first wife Jeanne "la Boiteuse" de Bourgogne [Capet] (Château de Gué-de-Mauny, Le Mans, Sarthe 26 Apr 1319-Savoy Hotel, London 8 Apr 1364, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  He succeeded his father in 1350 as JEAN II "le Bon" King of France

Robert [VII] & his second wife had seven children: 

2.         JEAN [I] (-24 Mar 1386, Le Bouchet).  A charter dated May 1326 recognised property of "Guillaume comte de Boulogne" granted to "Jehan, Guy, Robert et Godefroy ses freres et a Mahaut et Marguerite ses seurs"[332].  A charter dated 1334 records an agreement between "domina Maria de Flandria comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ relicta...Roberti quondam comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ, tutrix...Godofredi, Mariæ et Margaritæ liberorum suorum et dicti quondam comitis...et...Johannes et Guido de Bolonia fratres filii dictæ dominæ Mariæ comitissæ" and "dominus Guillelmus Boloniæ et Arverniæ comes primogenitus dicti Roberti..."[333].  Comte de Montfort.  Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne 1360.  He was created Duke of Auvergne in 1380.  m (1328) JEANNE de Clermont, daughter of JEAN de Clermont Baron de Charolais & his wife Jeanne de Dargies Dame de Dargies et de Catheux (-27 Jul 1383[334], bur Boulogne-sur-Mer, église de Notre-Dame).  A charter dated 1334, recording an agreement between "domina Maria de Flandria comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ relicta...Roberti quondam comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ, tutrix...Godofredi, Mariæ et Margaritæ liberorum suorum et dicti quondam comitis...et...Johannes et Guido de Bolonia fratres filii dictæ dominæ Mariæ comitissæ" and "dominus Guillelmus Boloniæ et Arverniæ comes primogenitus dicti Roberti...", refers to the marriage of "ipsum Johannem et...Johannam filiam quondam domini Johannis de Claromonte quondam domini de Charolais nunc uxorem dicti Johannis"[335].  Dame de Saint-Just en Langle, Champagne.  Jean [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         JEAN [II] (-28 Sep 1404)Duke of Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne.  m (contract Compiègne 11 Aug 1373) as her second husband, ELEONORE de Comminges, widow of BERTRAND [II] Comte de l’Isle-Jourdain, daughter of PIERRE RAYMOND [II] Comte de Comminges & his wife Françoise de Fezensac (-after 1378).  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, confirmed the dowry of "dominæ Elienardi de Convenis filiæ suæ uxori domini Johannis de Bolonha" from her marriage to "Bertrando comite Insulæ eius primo marito"[336].  Jean [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNE (1378-shortly before 6 Feb 1423, bur Bourges Sainte-Chapelle)Duchess of Auvergne, Ctss de Boulogne.  m firstly (contract 9 Mar 1389, Riom, Puy-de-Dôme 5 Jun 1390) as his second wife, JEAN de France Duc de Berry, son of JEAN II "le Bon" King of France & his first wife Bonne de Luxembourg (Château du Bois de Vincennes 30 Nov 1340-Paris, Hôtel de Nesle 15 Jun 1416, bur Bourges Sainte-Chapelle).  m secondly (Aigueperse-en-Auvergne, Puy-de-Dôme 16 Nov 1416) as his first wife, GEORGES de La Trémoïlle Comte de Guines, son of --- (-6 May 1446).  Grand Chamberlain of France. 

b)         JEANNE (-1 Oct 1373).  The marriage contract between "Johannes comes Boloniæ et Arverniæ…Johanna filia" and "dominus Beraudus Delphini dominus de Mercorio" is dated 14 Jun 1371[337].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 1 Oct 1373 of "Johanna de Bolonia comitissa Claromontenis"[338]m (contract Château de Vieux-Brioude 14 Jun 1371) BERAUD [II] "le Grand Dauphin" Comte de Clermont, son of BERAUD [I] Dauphin Comte de Clermont & his first wife Marie de Villemur (-17 Jan 1400). 

c)         MARIE (-2 May 1388).  The marriage contract between "Raymundum filium...Guillelmi vicecomitis de Torena" and "Mariam de Bolonia filiam...Johannis comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ" is dated Dec 1375[339].  Dame de Saint-Just-en-Champagne et de Granges-en-Auvergne.  m (contract Avignon 30 Oct 1375) RAYMOND LOUIS de Beaufort Comte de Beaufort, Vicomte de Turenne, son of GUILLAUME Vicomte de Turenne & his wife --- (-30 Mar 1400, bur Avignon Saint-Martial). 

3.         GUY d’Auvergne (-Lerida 25 Nov 1373, bur Abbaye de Vauluissant)A charter dated May 1326 recognised property of "Guillaume comte de Boulogne" granted to "Jehan, Guy, Robert et Godefroy ses freres et a Mahaut et Marguerite ses seurs"[340].  A charter dated 1334 records an agreement between "domina Maria de Flandria comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ relicta...Roberti quondam comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ, tutrix...Godofredi, Mariæ et Margaritæ liberorum suorum et dicti quondam comitis...et...Johannes et Guido de Bolonia fratres filii dictæ dominæ Mariæ comitissæ" and "dominus Guillelmus Boloniæ et Arverniæ comes primogenitus dicti Roberti..."[341]Archbishop of Lyon 1340.  The testament of "domini Guidonis episcopi Portuensis et sanctæ Ruffinæ...Cardinalis", dated 25 Dec 1372, appoints "germanos meos Johannem comitem et Godefridum de Bolonia fratres meos" as his heirs, makes bequests to "Matildim de Bolonia comitissam Gebennensem sororem meam...Petrum eius filium nepotem meum...masculum primogenitum...domino Roberto de Gebennis...nepote meo...Margaretæ de Bolonia sorori meæ"[342].  The necrology of Amiens cathedral records the death "VI Kal Oct" of "domini Guidonis de Bolonia filii quondam domini Roberti Boloniæ et Alverniæ comitis, hujus ecclesiæ in juventute canonici, post archiepiscopi Lugdunensis...Cardinalis"[343]

4.         ROBERT (-after May 1326).  A charter dated May 1326 recognised property of "Guillaume comte de Boulogne" granted to "Jehan, Guy, Robert et Godefroy ses freres et a Mahaut et Marguerite ses seurs"[344]

5.         GODEFROI (-[11 Jan 1384/19 Aug 1385]).  A charter dated May 1326 recognised property of "Guillaume comte de Boulogne" granted to "Jehan, Guy, Robert et Godefroy ses freres et a Mahaut et Marguerite ses seurs"[345].  A charter dated 1334 records an agreement between "domina Maria de Flandria comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ relicta...Roberti quondam comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ, tutrix...Godofredi, Mariæ et Margaritæ liberorum suorum et dicti quondam comitis...et...Johannes et Guido de Bolonia fratres filii dictæ dominæ Mariæ comitissæ" and "dominus Guillelmus Boloniæ et Arverniæ comes primogenitus dicti Roberti..."[346].  Seigneur de Montgascon.  Seigneur de Roche-Savine.  m firstly (contract 21 May 1364) MARGUERITE de Clermont, daughter of BERAUD [I] Dauphin Comte de Clermont & his wife Marie de Villemur (-11 Sep [1364/67]).  The marriage contract between "Beraldus comes Claromontensis Dalphinus Arverniæ dominus Mercorii…domicellæ Margaritæ Dalphinæ sororis suæ germanæ" and "Godeffredus de Bolonia dominus Montisgasconis" is dated 21 May 1364[347].  The necrology of Bouchet abbey records the death 11 Sep of "dominæ Margaritæ dalphinæ primæ uxoris domini Godafridi domini Montisgasconis"[348]m secondly (contract 3 Aug 1375) JEANNE de Ventadour, daughter of BERNARD Comte de Ventadour & his wife --- (-19 Sep 1376).  The marriage contract between "Bernardus comes Ventodorensis...Johanna dicti domini comitis filia" and "dominus Guodafredus de Boulonia dominus Montisgasconis" is dated 3 Aug 1375[349].  The necrology of Bouchet abbey records the death 19 Sep of "dominæ Johannæ dalphinæ de Ventadour uxoris secundæ domini Godofredi Bononiæ"[350]m thirdly (contract 21 Jan 1377) as her third husband, BLANCHE le Bouteiller de Senlis, widow firstly of PHILIBERT de l’Espinasse and secondly of IMBERT Brun Seigneur du Peschin, daughter of GUY [III] le Bouteiller de Senlis Seigneur d’Ermenonville & his wife --- (-1395 or after).  The marriage contract between "Godafredus de Bolonia dominus Montisgasconis miles" and "domina Blancha la Bouteillere de Saintlis domina de Moncello et Arthonæ", daughter of "domini Guidonis le Bouteiller de Saintlis domini de Leuroux milis", is dated 21 Jan 1376 (O.S.)[351].  Godefroi & his second wife had one child: 

a)         MARIE (-7 Aug 1437)Ctss d’Auvergne et de Boulogne.  m (contract 11 Jan 1389) BERTRAND [V] Seigneur de la Tour, son of GUY Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Mathe Roger de Beaufort (-1423, after 23 Sep). 

Godefroi & his third wife had two children: 

b)         ANTOINE (-in Hungary 1396).  m (Jan 1384) as her first husband, JEANNE Flotte, daughter of ANTOINE Flotte & his wife ---.  The marriage contract between "Godafredus de Bolonia dominus Montisgasconis...et...Antonio de Bolonia eius filio impubere" and "dominus Guillelmus Flote dominus de Revello...et...Johanna de Revello nepte sua impubere quondam filia et nunc herede nobilis quondam viri domini Antonii Flote alias dicti Floquet militis filii dicti domini de Revello" is dated Jan 1384 and provides for "castra et castellanias de Revello, de Meymont, d’Escolla et de Enneziaco necnon et terram suam de Vallibus" as dowry[352].  She married secondly(1304) François d’Aubichecourt Seigneur de Montcresson lez Montargis. 

c)         MARGUERITE (-after 1465).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   She is not named by Baluze[353].  Nun at Moncel.  

6.         MATHILDE (-after 28 Aug 1396).  A charter dated May 1326 recognised property of "Guillaume comte de Boulogne" granted to "Jehan, Guy, Robert et Godefroy ses freres et a Mahaut et Marguerite ses seurs"[354].  The marriage contract between "Amedeo comite Gebennensi" and "Johanne et Guidone natis bonæ memoriæ domini Roberti quondam Boloniæ et Arverniæ comitis...ac Godofredo fratre et Margareta sorore...domicellam Mathildem fratrum prædictorum sororem" is dated 15 Feb 1334[355].  She is named in the charter dated 17 Aug 1347 under which "Conte Amedeo di Geneva e Metilde di Bologna sua Consorte" deposited money with "Abate di S. Michele della Chiusa" for the dowry of "Maria Loro figlia future Sposa di Filippo Principe d'Acaia", to be returned in case she died[356].  "Dominus Robertus de Gebennis…Romane ecclesie cardinalis, et…domina Mathildis de Bolonia eius genitrix, comitissa, et Petrus eius filius comes Gebennensis, consors et nati bone memorie…Amedei quondam comitis Gebennensis" executed the testament of Comte Amédée [III] 5 Dec 1371[357].  The testament of "domini Guidonis episcopi Portuensis et sanctæ Ruffinæ...Cardinalis", dated 25 Dec 1372, makes bequests to "Matildim de Bolonia comitissam Gebennensem sororem meam...Petrum eius filium nepotem meum...masculum primogenitum...domino Roberto de Gebennis...nepote meo..."[358]m (contract 15 Feb 1334, Jun 1334) AMEDEE [III] Comte de Genève, son of GUILLAUME [III] Comte de Genève & his Agnes de Savoie ([1311]-18/19 Jan 1367). 

7.         MARIE (-after 1334).  A charter dated 1334 records an agreement between "domina Maria de Flandria comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ relicta...Roberti quondam comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ, tutrix...Godofredi, Mariæ et Margaritæ liberorum suorum et dicti quondam comitis...et...Johannes et Guido de Bolonia fratres filii dictæ dominæ Mariæ comitissæ" and "dominus Guillelmus Boloniæ et Arverniæ comes primogenitus dicti Roberti..."[359]

8.         MARGUERITE (-after 25 Dec 1372).  A charter dated May 1326 recognised property of "Guillaume comte de Boulogne" granted to "Jehan, Guy, Robert et Godefroy ses freres et a Mahaut et Marguerite ses seurs"[360].  A charter dated 1334 records an agreement between "domina Maria de Flandria comitissa Boloniæ et Arverniæ relicta...Roberti quondam comitis Boloniæ et Arverniæ, tutrix...Godofredi, Mariæ et Margaritæ liberorum suorum et dicti quondam comitis...et...Johannes et Guido de Bolonia fratres filii dictæ dominæ Mariæ comitissæ" and "dominus Guillelmus Boloniæ et Arverniæ comes primogenitus dicti Roberti..."[361].  Nun at Moncel.  The testament of "domini Guidonis episcopi Portuensis et sanctæ Ruffinæ...Cardinalis", dated 25 Dec 1372, makes bequests to "..Margaretæ de Bolonia sorori meæ"[362]

 

 

 

D.      COMTES d'AUVERGNE (de la TOUR)

 

 

BERTRAND [VI] de la Tour, son of BERTRAND [V] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Marie Ctss d’Auvergne et de Boulogne (-20 or 27 Mar 1461).  Seigneur de la Tour.  Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne 1438. 

m (1416) JACQUETTE du Peschin, daughter of LOUIS Seigneur du Peschin & his wife Ysoul de Sully (-21 Sep 1473). 

Bertrand [V] & his wife had six children: 

1.         BERTRAND [VI] (-26 Sep 1494)Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne.  Seigneur de la Tour.  m (30 Jan 1444) LOUISE de La Trémoïlle Dame de Boussac et de Saint-Just, daughter of GEORGES de La Trémoïlle Sire de Sully et de Craon & his wife --- (-10 Apr 1474).  Bertrand [VI] & his wife had five children: 

a)         JEAN [I] (1467-28 Mar 1501)Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne.  Seigneur de la Tour.  m (contract 2 Jan 1495) as her second husband, JEANNE de Bourbon, widow of JEAN II Duc de Bourbon, daughter of JEAN II de Bourbon Comte de Vendôme & his wife Isabeau de Beauvau dame de Champigny-sur-Veude et de la Roche-sur-Yon (-22 Jan 1511, bur Vic-le-Comte en Auvergne, église des Cordeliers).  She married thirdly (contract Montferrand 27 Mar 1503) François de la Pause Baron de la Garde.  Jean [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          ANNE ([1496]-Château de Saint-Saturnin Jun 1524)Ctss d’Auvergne 1501.  m (contract 13 Jul 1505) her first cousin, JOHN Stuart Duke of Albany, son of ALEXANDER Stuart Duke of Albany & his second wife Anne de La Tour d’Auvergne ([1484]-Château de Mirefleur, Auvergne 2 Jun 1536, bur Vic-le-Comte). 

ii)         MADELEINE (1501-Urbino 28 Apr 1519)m (contract Jan 1518, Amboise 2 May 1518) LORENZO [II] de’ Medici Duke of Urbino, son of PIERO "il Unfortunato" de’ Medici & his wife Alfonsina Orsini (Florence 9 Sep 1492-villa di Careggi 4 May 1519). 

iii)        daughter (1501-young). 

b)         FRANÇOISE (-1484 or before).  Dame de la Roche.  m (contract 26 Nov 1469) GILBERT de Chabannes, son of --- (-1493 or before). 

c)         JEANNE m (29 Nov 1472) AYMAR de Poitiers Seigneur de Saint-Vallier, son of --- (-after 9 Sep 1510). 

d)         ANNE (-Château de La Rochette, Savoie 13 Oct 1512, bur La Rochette, Carmelite monastery)m firstly (contract 16 Jan 1479) as his second wife, ALEXANDER Stuart Duke of Albany, son of JAMES II King of Scotland & his wife Maria van Gelderland ([1454]-Paris 1485, bur Paris, église des Celestins).  m secondly (15 Feb 1487) LOUIS de Seyssel dit de la Chambre Comte de la Chambre, son of --- (-7 May 1517). 

e)         LOUISEm (30 Nov 1486) CLAUDE de Blaisy Vicomte d’Arnay, son of ---. 

2.         GODEFROI "de Boulogne" (-4 Jul 1468).  Seigneur de Montgascon.  m (1460) ANNE de Beaufort, daughter of LOUIS de Beaufort Marquis de Canillac & his wife Jeanne de Nory.  Godefroi & his wife had five children: 

-        SEIGNEURS de MONTGASCON[363]

3.         GABRIELLE (-1486)m (contract 15 Feb 1443) as his second wife, LOUIS de Bourbon Comte de Montpensier, son of JEAN I Duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne & his wife Marie de Berry (-May 1486, bur Aigueperse, Chapelle Saint-Louis). 

4.         ISABELLE (-8 Sep 1488).  The marriage contract of "Arnaud Amanieu d’Albret seigneur d’Orval" and "damoyselle Isabeau de la Tour" is dated 25 Nov 1457[364]m firstly (1455) GUILLAUME de Blois-Châtillon-Blois, son of JEAN [I] de Blois-Châtillon Comte de Penthièvre & his wife Marguerite de Clisson (-1455).  m secondly (contract 25 Nov 1457) ARNAUD AMANIEU d’Albret Seigneur d’Orval, son of CHARLES [II] d’Albret Comte de Dreux & his wife Anne d’Armagnac (-Roussillon 1463). 

5.         LOUISE (-1469).  m JEAN [V] Sire de Créquy, son of ---. 

6.         BLANCHE (-after 1472).  Abbess of Custet. 

 

 

 

E.      DAUPHINS d'AUVERGNE, COMTES de CLERMONT

 

 

GUILLAUME [VII] "le Jeune" d'Auvergne, son of ROBERT [III] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife --- (-[1169]).  "Rotbertus comes Arvernorum" donated property to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Willelmi et matris meæ ac fratris mei Willelmi et filii mei Willelmi", by undated charter[365]Comte d'Auvergne.  A charter dated 1145 records an agreement between the bishop of Clermont and "Willelmus Claromontis comes filius Roberti comitis"[366].  "Guillelmus comes Claromontensis et delphini Alverniæ" donated property to the abbey Saint-André lez Clairmont, for the souls of "nostræ quam…conjugis nostræ Joannæ de Calabria", by charter dated Jul 1149[367].  Fournier confirms that this last document is spurious, dating it probably to the 15th century after studying the original in the Puy-de-Dôme archives[368].  Guillaume [VII] “le Jeune” was dispossessed of the greater part of his county by his uncle Comte Guillaume [VIII] “le Vieux”.  A charter dated 1166 records confirmations by "Guillermus Arverniæ comes filius comitis Roberti" of donations to the priory of Saint-Robert, Montferrand made by "bonæ memoriæ Guillermus comes avus prædicti comitis Guillermi"[369].  "Guillelmus Arverniæ comes et filius eius Delphinus" donated property to Chaise-Dieu, for the anniversary of "bonæ memoriæ comitis Roberti patris præfati Guillelmi", by undated charter[370].  "Willelmus comes Arverniæ et filius eius Delfinus" donated property to Mauzac by charter dated 1167[371]

[m firstly JEANNE de Calabria, daughter of --- (-after Jul 1149).  "Guillelmus comes Claromontensis et delphini Alverniæ" donated property to the abbey Saint-André lez Clairmont, for the souls of "nostræ quam…conjugis nostræ Joannæ de Calabria", by charter dated Jul 1149[372].  Her parentage has not yet been ascertained.  As noted above, this document has been judged spurious and probably dated to the 15th century, which means that this supposed first marriage of Guillaume [VII] is in doubt.] 

m [secondly] ([1150]) MARQUISE d'Albon, daughter of GUIGUES Comte d'Albon & his wife Clémence [Marguerite] de Mâcon (-21 Jul 1196, bur Abbaye des Ayes).  The Vita Margaritæ Albonensis comitissæ records that the two daughters of Marguerite de Viennois married "alteram…Arvenensium comiti, regis Franciæ consanguineo" and "alteram Valentinensium comiti"[373].  The Aymari Rivalli De Allobrogibus names "Marchesiam et Delphinam" as the two daughters of "Guigo secundus" and his wife "Macildam vel Clementiam filiam Stephani seu Sophini, Burgundiæ ducis, neptem papæ Calixti secundi", adding that "una comita Arverno, alterna Valentino" married[374].  A monumental inscription at the abbey of Ayes, near Grenoble, records the death "XII Kal Aug" of "Marchisia"[375].  André Dauphin Comte d’Albon confirmed donations to Chalais by "amita mea domina Marchisia et a Delphino de Arvernia, consobrino meo, eiusdemque Delphini filio…Wilelmo" by charter dated 1223[376]

Comte Guillaume [VII] & his [second] wife had four children: 

1.         DAUPHIN d'Auvergne (-22 Mar 1235).  "Guillelmus Arverniæ comes et filius eius Delphinus" donated property to Chaise-Dieu, for the anniversary of "bonæ memoriæ comitis Roberti patris præfati Guillelmi", by undated charter[377].  "Willelmus comes Arverniæ et filius eius Delfinus" donated property to Mauzac by charter dated 1167[378].  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1223 under which André Dauphin Comte d’Albon confirmed donations to Chalais by "amita mea domina Marchisia et a Delphino de Arvernia, consobrino meo, eiusdemque Delphini filio…Wilelmo"[379]Comte de Clermont 1198.  “Delphinus comitis Arvernie et W. filius meus" confirmed the conditions of peace with Philippe II King of France by charter dated 30 Sep 1199[380].  Troubadour.  Henry III King of England recorded a treaty with "W. filium comitis Guidonis de Alvernia et Delfinum Clari Montis et R. nepotem eius" dated [Oct] 1225[381].  “Delfinus comes Claromontis et…Rotbertus, filius Willelmi comitis Claromontis filii eiusdem Delfini” confirmed their peace agreement with Louis IX King of France by charter dated Feb [1229/30][382].  The necrology of Clermont cathedral records the death "XI Kal Apr" of "Delfinus comes", and records his donation[383]m G--- [de Montferrand], daughter of ---.  The testament of "G. comitissa Montisferrandi", dated 1199, names "filiæ meæ Delfinæ…filius meus…filiæ meæ de Turre…mariti mei"[384].  "Delphinus comes Claromontensis" confirmed a donation to Chantoen abbey made by "nobilis mulier Comitissa Montisferrandi uxor nostra quondam" by charter dated 1199[385].  Dauphin & his first wife had [five] children:   

a)         GUILLAUME [II] de Clermont (-[17 Oct 1239/19 Nov 1240]).  “Delphinus comitis Arvernie et W. filius meus" confirmed the conditions of peace with Philippe II King of France by charter dated 30 Sep 1199[386].  "Delphinus et Willelmus filius eius comites" confirmed an agreement with "Guidone comite consanguineo nostro" and an exchange of property by charter dated 8 Oct 1204[387].  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1223 under which André Dauphin Comte d’Albon confirmed donations to Chalais by "amita mea domina Marchisia et a Delphino de Arvernia, consobrino meo, eiusdemque Delphini filio…Wilelmo"[388].  "Guidone comite" is assumed in the compilation to be Guy de Dampierre Sire de Bourbon.  If that is correct, his relationship with the Comtes de Clermont has not been identified.  It is more likely that Guy was Guy [II] Comte d’Auvergne.  He was installed as Comte de Montferrand during the lifetime of his father, before 1226: “Guillelmus comes Montisferrandi, filius Delphini” paid homage to Louis VIII King of France for “Montemferrandi, Rochefort et Croc” by charter dated Mar [1225/26][389].  It appears from the following document that the county of Montferrand was the same as the county of Clermont.  If this is correct, Guillaume’s father must have shared power with his son in all his possessions prior to his death.  “Guillelmus comes Claromontis, filius Delfini” confirmed the peace agreement signed by “pater meus Delfinus et Rotbertus filius meus” with Louis IX King of France and “domino Archenbaldo domino Borbonii” by charter dated Feb [1229/30][390]Comte de Clermontm firstly (before Dec 1196) HUGUETTE de Chamalières, daughter of GUILLAUME Seigneur de Chamalières & his wife --- (-3 Sep ----).  "Delphinus comes Arvernorum et…W. filius Delphini et…Uga quondam filia W. de Camaleria uxor W. filii Delphini" swore allegiance to the bishop of Clermont for "castrum Camaleriæ" by charter dated Dec 1196[391].  Dame de Chamalières.  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 3 Sep of "Hugua comitissa Montisferrandi"[392]m secondly ISABELLE, daughter of ---.  "Willelmus comes Alverniæ filius Delphini" granted "Montemferrandum…et Hermeng et Trescrot et Farnuel" to "Isabelle comitissæ uxoris suæ et Katerinaæ filiæ suæ" by charter dated Jul 1212[393]m thirdly as her first husband, PHILIPPA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated Oct 1241 records the settlement of a dispute between "Philippam relictam…Guillelmi quondam comitis Claromontensis et Robertum de Corcellis maritum eius" and "R. comitem Claromontensem filium prænominati Willelmi", with the consent of "Alays uxor dicti comitis…Amalricus de Corcellis pater dicti Roberti de Corcellis"[394].  She married secondly ([1240/41]) Robert [II] de Courcelles Seigneur de Breuil.  1252.  Comte Guillaume [II] & his first wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT de Clermont (-12 Apr 1262).  “Delfinus comes Claromontis et…Rotbertus, filius Willelmi comitis Claromontis filii eiusdem Delfini” confirmed their peace agreement with Louis IX King of France by charter dated Feb [1229/30][395].  He succeeded as ROBERT I "Dauphin" Comte de Clermont en Auvergne. 

-         see below

Comte Guillaume [II] & his second wife had one child: 

ii)         CATHERINE (-19 May after 1240).  "Guichard sire de Montpensier" donated property "propter nuptias" to "sa femme Catherine fille de Guillaume comte de Montferrand" by charter dated Apr 1205[396].  The date of this document is suspect.  Guichard could only have been an infant at the time, as his parents’ marriage is dated to [1196/98] and he was not their eldest child.  Another possibility is the document followed the couple’s betrothal not their marriage.  "Willelmus comes Alverniæ filius Delphini" granted "Montemferrandum…et Hermeng et Trescrot et Farnuel" to "Isabelle comitissæ uxoris suæ et Katerinaæ filiæ suæ" by charter dated Jul 1212[397].  Dame de Montferrand et d'Herment.  The marriage contract between "Guillelmus comes Claremontensis…Katerinam filiam meam" and "Guichardo domino Montispancerii" is dated Feb 1224 and provides for "Monteferrando…et…Hermanto et Monteil et Trancoc" as dowry[398].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 11 May of "Katherinæ uxoris D. Guichardi de Bellojoco"[399]m ([Betrothed Apr 1205], contract Melun Feb 1224) GUICHARD [II] de Beaujeu Seigneur de Montpensier, son of GUICHARD [V] Seigneur de Beaujeu & his wife Sibylle de Hainaut (-before 1256). 

b)         DAUPHINE (-after 1199).  The testament of "G. comitissa Montisferrandi", dated 1199, names "filiæ meæ Delfinæ…filius meus…filiæ meæ de Turre…mariti mei"[400]

c)         --- de Tour (-after 1199).  The testament of "G. comitissa Montisferrandi", dated 1199, names "filiæ meæ Delfinæ…filius meus…filiæ meæ de Turre…mariti mei"[401]

d)         HUGUES (-after 1222).  "Guillelmus comes Claromontensis" donated property to la Chartreuse du Port Sainte-Marie, with the consent of "Hugo frater meus", by charter dated 1222[402]

e)         [ROBERT de Clermont ([1180/95]-[1219/Feb 1234]).] 

-        SEIGNEURS d’OLLIERGUES

2.         ASSALIDE .  The Vies des Poëtes Provençaux by Jean de Nostre Dame records that "le dauphin d’Auvergne" had "une sœur…Nassal de Claustre…femme de Beral de Mercuir grand baron d’Auvergne" and that "Peyre del Vernegue chevalier seigneur dudit lieu" was in love with her[403].  1163.  m BERAUD [IV] Sire de Mercœur, son of BERAUD [III] Sire de Mercœur & his wife Judith d'Auvergne (-[1200]). 

3.         BELISENDE .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated 1233 under which "Delphinus comes Claromontensis" granted rights "in castro de Salazuit" to "Pontio vicecomiti Poligniaci filio Pontii quondam vicecomitis Poliniaci nepotis nostri"[404].  Baluze states that she was "une sœur de la comtesse de Montferrand femme de Dauphin" without providing the reference to the primary source on which he bases this statement[405].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m HERACLE Vicomte de Polignac, son of ARMAND Vicomte de Polignac & his wife Auxiliende --- (-1200 or after). 

4.         GUILLAUME (-after May 1201).  The Livre verd de l’Eglise de Brioude records the entry of "Willelmus Brivatensis præpositus filius Vilelmi comitis Claromontis…per manum Delphini Arvernorum comitis", dated May 1201[406]

 

 

ROBERT de Clermont, son of GUILLAUME [II] Comte de Clermont & his first wife Huguette de Chamalières (-12 Apr 1262).  Henry III King of England recorded a treaty with "W. filium comitis Guidonis de Alvernia et Delfinum Clari Montis et R. nepotem eius" dated [Oct] 1225[407].  “Delfinus comes Claromontis et…Rotbertus, filius Willelmi comitis Claromontis filii eiusdem Delfini” confirmed their peace agreement with Louis IX King of France by charter dated Feb [1229/30][408].  He succeeded as ROBERT I "Dauphin" Comte de Clermont en Auvergne.  "Rotbertus dominus Camaleriæ comes Claromontis et Alays uxor eius et Rotbertus filius eorum" donated property to Clermont Saint-André by charter dated Jun 1248[409].  The testament of "Robertus Delfini comes Claromontensis", dated [Mar] 1262, appoints "Robertum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir, names "Delfino filio meo…Aelis filiam meam uxorem domini de Montebuxerio…Aalais sanctimoniali Eschlachiæ filiæ meæ…Mathæ filiæ meæ…Alasia quondam uxor mea…avunculorum suorum domini Bernardi et domini Heliæ de Ventadoro"[410].  A second testament of "Rotbertus Dalphini comes Claromontensis", dated 2 Apr 1262, names "Rotbertum et Dalphinum…filios nostros…Haelis filia nostra uxor Eustachii de Montebuccerio"[411]

m as her second husband, ALESIE de Ventadour, widow of GUILLAUME de Mercœur Seigneur de Gerzet et de Planchet, daughter of EBLES [V] Vicomte de Ventadour & his second wife Marie de Turenne (-17 May, before Nov 1250).  "Rotbertus dominus Camaleriæ comes Claromontis et Alays uxor eius et Rotbertus filius eorum" donated property to Clermont Saint-André by charter dated Jun 1248[412].  Her parentage is indicated by the testament of "Robertus Delfini comes Claromontensis", dated [Mar] 1262, which names "…Alasia quondam uxor mea…avunculorum suorum domini Bernardi et domini Heliæ de Ventadoro"[413].  She became a nun at Fontevrault after the death of her husband. 

Robert [I] & his wife had six children: 

1.         ROBERT [II] (-[20/21] Mar 1282).  "Rotbertus dominus Camaleriæ comes Claromontis et Alays uxor eius et Rotbertus filius eorum" donated property to Clermont Saint-André by charter dated Jun 1248[414].  The testament of "Robertus Delfini comes Claromontensis", dated [Mar] 1262, appoints "Robertum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir[415]Comte de Clermont.  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis", dated Nov 1281, appoints "Robertum filium nostrum primogenitum" as his heir and makes bequests to "Guillelmum filium nostrum clericum…castro…de Camaleria…Guidonem filium nostrum fratrem domus militiæ Templi…Mahaus filiam nostram…Ahelis filiam nostram monialem monasterii de Font Ebraut…Hugonem Delphini fratrem nostrum"[416]m MATHILDE d’Auvergne, daughter of GUILLAUME [X] Comte d’Auvergne & his wife Aleidis de Brabant (-20 Aug 1280, bur Saint-André).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, makes bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ"[417].  Another document, dated 7 Jan 1277, relating to the execution of the testament of "quondam bonæ memoriæ Roberti comitis Arverniæ et Boloniæ" names "Mathildem uxorem…domini Roberti Delphini comitis sororem quondam…testatoris"[418].  Robert [II] & his wife had five children: 

a)         ROBERT [III] (-7 Mar 1324).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis", dated Nov 1281, appoints "Robertum filium nostrum primogenitum" as his heir[419]Comte de Clermont

-        see below

b)         GUILLAUME (-after Nov 1296).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis", dated Nov 1281, appoints "Robertum filium nostrum primogenitum" as his heir and makes bequests to "Guillelmum filium nostrum clericum…castro…de Camaleria…Guidonem filium nostrum fratrem domus militiæ Templi…Mahaus filiam nostram…Ahelis filiam nostram monialem monasterii de Font Ebraut…Hugonem Delphini fratrem nostrum"[420].  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Alverniæ", dated Nov 1296, makes bequests to "domini Guillelmi delphini clerici fratris mei…"[421]

c)         GUY (-burned alive Paris 13 Mar 1313).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis", dated Nov 1281, appoints "Robertum filium nostrum primogenitum" as his heir and makes bequests to "Guillelmum filium nostrum clericum…castro…de Camaleria…Guidonem filium nostrum fratrem domus militiæ Templi…Mahaus filiam nostram…Ahelis filiam nostram monialem monasterii de Font Ebraut…Hugonem Delphini fratrem nostrum"[422].  A manuscript chronicle of Tours records that "omnes Templarii" were captured in Oct 1307 and were burned in Paris "cum magistro Aquitaniæ"[423]

d)         MATHILDE (-after 1309).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis", dated Nov 1281, appoints "Robertum filium nostrum primogenitum" as his heir and makes bequests to "Guillelmum filium nostrum clericum…castro…de Camaleria…Guidonem filium nostrum fratrem domus militiæ Templi…Mahaus filiam nostram…Ahelis filiam nostram monialem monasterii de Font Ebraut…Hugonem Delphini fratrem nostrum"[424].  The marriage contract between "Rotbertus Delphini comes Claromontensis…Mateldim sororem" and "Guillelmus Comptoris domicellus filius quondam domini Guillelmi Comptoris militis" is dated Jun 1288[425].  An undated charter, dated to after 1309, records a dispute between "Matildis domina de Apchonio cum auctoritate domini Guillelmi Comtoris mariti sui" and "dominum Robertum Dalphinum Arverniæ militem fratrem suum" concerning the inheritance of "dominus Hugo Dalphini quondam patruus ipsorum" who had died intestate[426]m (contract Jun 1288) GUILLAUME Comptor, son of GUILLAUME Comptor Seigneur d’Apchon et du Lundy & his wife --- (-after 1309). 

e)         ALIX .  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis", dated Nov 1281, appoints "Robertum filium nostrum primogenitum" as his heir and makes bequests to "Guillelmum filium nostrum clericum…castro…de Camaleria…Guidonem filium nostrum fratrem domus militiæ Templi…Mahaus filiam nostram…Ahelis filiam nostram monialem monasterii de Font Ebraut…Hugonem Delphini fratrem nostrum"[427].  Nun at Fontevraud. 

2.         DAUPHIN .  The testament of "Robertus Delfini comes Claromontensis", dated [Mar] 1262, appoints "Robertum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir, names "Delfino filio meo…Aelis filiam meam uxorem domini de Montebuxerio…Aalais sanctimoniali Eschlachiæ filiæ meæ…Mathæ filiæ meæ…Alasia quondam uxor mea…avunculorum suorum domini Bernardi et domini Heliæ de Ventadoro"[428]

3.         ALIX .  The testament of "Robertus Delfini comes Claromontensis", dated [Mar] 1262, appoints "Robertum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir, names "Delfino filio meo…Aelis filiam meam uxorem domini de Montebuxerio…Aalais sanctimoniali Eschlachiæ filiæ meæ…Mathæ filiæ meæ…Alasia quondam uxor mea…avunculorum suorum domini Bernardi et domini Heliæ de Ventadoro"[429].  A second testament of "Rotbertus Dalphini comes Claromontensis", dated 2 Apr 1262, names "Rotbertum et Dalphinum…filios nostros…Haelis filia nostra uxor Eustachii de Montebuccerio"[430]m EUSTACHE Seigneur de Montboissier, son of ---. 

4.         ADELAIS (-17 Dec ----).  The testament of "Robertus Delfini comes Claromontensis", dated [Mar] 1262, appoints "Robertum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir, names "Delfino filio meo…Aelis filiam meam uxorem domini de Montebuxerio…Aalais sanctimoniali Eschlachiæ filiæ meæ…Mathæ filiæ meæ…Alasia quondam uxor mea…avunculorum suorum domini Bernardi et domini Heliæ de Ventadoro"[431].  Nun.  The necrology of Fontevraud records the death "XV Kal Dec" of "domina Adelidis virgo devota et Deo sacrata…comitis Claromontis atque Dalphini de Arvernia filia"[432]

5.         MATHE (-[Mar/Jul] 1262).  The testament of "Robertus Delfini comes Claromontensis", dated [Mar] 1262, appoints "Robertum filium meum primogenitum" as his heir, names "Delfino filio meo…Aelis filiam meam uxorem domini de Montebuxerio…Aalais sanctimoniali Eschlachiæ filiæ meæ…Mathæ filiæ meæ…Alasia quondam uxor mea…avunculorum suorum domini Bernardi et domini Heliæ de Ventadoro"[433].  "Rotbertus Dalphini comes Claromontensis" acknowledged fees held by "dominus de Turre…Bertrandus de Turre frater dicti domini de Turre…domini Girardi de Rossilione et dominæ Mathæ quondam sororis nostræ" by charter dated Jul 1262[434]m GERARD de Roussillon Seigneur d’Anjo, son of ---(-25 May 1263). 

6.         HUGUES (-20 Nov 1309).  "Hugo Dalphini frater…Rotberti Dalphini comitis Claromontensis" agreed the division of property between "Rotbertum et Dalphinum…filios nostros" under their father’s testament dated 2 Apr 1262, by charter dated May 1262[435].  "Hugo Delphini frater Roberti Delphini comitis Claromontensis" issued a charter dated 23 Nov 1268 in favour of the church of Brioude[436].  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis", dated Nov 1281, makes bequests to "…Hugonem Delphini fratrem nostrum"[437].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 20 Nov 1309 of "Hugo Dalphini frater…domini R. comitis Claromontensis"[438]

 

 

ROBERT [III] de Clermont, son of ROBERT [II] Comte de Clermont & his wife Mathilde d’Auvergne (-7 Mar 1324).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis", dated Nov 1281, appoints "Robertum filium nostrum primogenitum" as his heir[439]Comte de Clermont.  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Alverniæ", dated Nov 1296, appoints "Johannem filium meum quem Alixens de Mercorio quondam…uxor mea a me suscepit" as his heir, and "Rotbertum et Hugonem filios meos et Beatricem filiam meam quos suscepit a me domina Ysabellis…uxor mea domina de Jaligniaco" as his heirs "in castris et villis…de Champellis et de Breone et de Saurias et de Rupeforti et de Aureyra et de Croco et de Pontegibaldo", and makes other bequests to "domini Guillelmi delphini clerici fratris mei…Ysabelli filiæ meæ quæ est in monasterio Belli-montis…Delphinæ filiæ meæ moniali Medii montis"[440].  A second testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Arverniæ", dated Aug 1302, makes more specific bequests to each of his children named in the earlier testament[441].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 7 Mar 1324 of "Robertus comes Claromontis et Dalphinus Arverniæ"[442]

m firstly (1279) as her third husband, ALIXENDE de Mercœur, separated wife firstly of PONS de Montlaur and widow secondly of AYMAR [III] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois, daughter of BERAUD [VI] Sire de Mercœur & his wife Beatrix de Bourbon (-15 Jul 1286).  The marriage contract between "Beraudus dominus de Mercolio…Alixent filia sua" and "Eraclius de Montelauro junior…Ponceto filio suo" is dated 16 Dec [1257], and names "domina Margarita mater dicti Heraclii…Eraclius et Poncius et Guido fratres predicti"[443].  The marriage contract between "Aymarus de Pictavia comes Valentinensis" and "domino Beraldo de Mercorio…Alixent filiæ" is dated 1 Mar 1267 (O.S.) and Apr 1268[444].  A charter dated 9 Sep 1278 records an agreement between "dominum Beraldum dominum Mercorii et Alixent eius filiam relictam…Ademari de Pictavia quondam comitis Valentinensis" and "Ademarum de Pictavia comitem Valentinensim filium dicti Ademari quondam et Guillelmum de Castronovo domicellum dominum de Laupia" concerning the guardianship of "Guillelmi de Pictavia dictæ Alixent et prædicti Ademari de Pictavia quondam comitis Valentinensis filii communis"[445].  Dame de Saint-Privat-d’Allier.  The testament of "Alixens comitissa Claromontensis", dated Jun 1286, appoints "Guillelmum et Johannem filios meos" as her heirs, makes bequests to "Delphinæ filiæ meæ", and chooses burial "in monasterio sancti Andreæ Claromontensis"[446].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 15 Jul 1286 of "Alixens comitissa Claromontensis"[447]

Betrothed (contract Jun 1288) to ISABELLE de Rodez, daughter of HENRI Comte de Rodez & his first wife Marquise de Baux.  The marriage contract between "Henricus…comes Ruthinensis…Isabellæ filiæ nostræ" and "Rotbertus comes Claromontensis Dalphinus Alverniæ" is dated Jun 1288[448]

m secondly (contract 27 May 1289) as her second husband, ISABELLE de Jaligny, widow of GUY de Châteauvillain Seigneur de Luzy, daughter of HUGUES de Châtillon-en-Bazois Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Bazois et de Jaligny & his wife Isabelle de Mello (-1 Oct 1297, bur Saint-André).  The marriage contract between "Jehans sires de Chatiauvillain et de Luzi…Guiot sun fil" and "Guillaumes de Geligneys Chantres d’Auceurre…Ysabel fille jadis Huguon seigneur de Geligney et niece dudit Chantre" is dated end-Jun 1276, and names "Jehan de Geligney sun frere"[449].  The marriage contract between "Robertus comes Clarimontensis Delphinus Alverniæ" and "domina Ysabellis domina Jalenhiaci et Luziaci" is dated 27 May 1289[450].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death "Kal Oct" 1297 of "domina Ysabellis domina Jaliniaci et comitissa Claromontis"[451]

Robert [III] & his first wife had four children: 

1.         ROBERT (-before Jun 1286).  Baluze states that an arbitration dated 1325, found in "l’Inventaire des Dauphins d’Auvergne", resolved a dispute between "Jean Comte de Clermont" and "Hugues Dauphin chanoine de Clermont son frere" concerning the succession of "Robert Dauphin leur frere", and suggests that Robert must have been an older son of Comte Robert [III] who died before his mother as he is not named in her testament[452].  He does not provide the primary source reference for the document. 

2.         GUILLAUME (-after 1308).  The testament of "Alixens comitissa Claromontensis", dated Jun 1286, appoints "Guillelmum et Johannem filios meos" as her heirs[453].  Seigneur de Montrognon.  A charter dated [Feb] 1308 O.S. records that "Guillelmi Delphini de Arvernia dominus castri de Monterugoso" was fined for infractions against "ballivus Arverniæ"[454]

3.         JEAN [I] (-10 Mar 1352).  The testament of "Alixens comitissa Claromontensis", dated Jun 1286, appoints "Guillelmum et Johannem filios meos" as her heirs[455].  Sire de Mercœur 1321.  Comte de Clermont

-        see below

4.         DAUPHINE (-after Mar 1321).  The testament of "Alixens comitissa Claromontensis", dated Jun 1286, appoints "Guillelmum et Johannem filios meos" as her heirs, makes bequests to "Delphinæ filiæ meæ", and chooses burial "in monasterio sancti Andreæ Claromontensis"[456].  Nun at Megemont, Auvergne.  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Alverniæ", dated Nov 1296, makes bequests to "…Ysabelli filiæ meæ quæ est in monasterio Belli-montis…Delphinæ filiæ meæ moniali Medii montis"[457].  Abbess of Megemont.  A charter dated Mar 1321 records an agreement between "Robertus Delphini comes Claromontensis" and "Dalphina…abbatissa monasterii Medii montis Cisterciensis ordinis Claromontensis diocesis" concerning certain properties[458]

Robert [III] & his second wife had four children: 

5.         ROBERT "le Sage" (-19 Oct 1330, bur Saint-André).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Alverniæ", dated Nov 1296, appoints "Rotbertum et Hugonem filios meos et Beatricem filiam meam quos suscepit a me domina Ysabellis…uxor mea domina de Jaligniaco" as his heirs "in castris et villis…de Champellis et de Breone et de Saurias et de Rupeforti et de Aureyra et de Croco et de Pontegibaldo"[459].  A charter dated 1301 records an agreement between "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Dalphinus Alverniæ miles pater…Roberti, Hugonis, Isabellis et Beatricis liberorum suorum procreatorum…ex…domina Ysabelle quondam domina de Jaliniaco uxoreque quondam eiusdem comitis" and "domicellus Johannes de Castrovillani dominus de Luziaco filius quondam domini Guidonis de Castrovillani quondam militis et dictæ dominæ Ysabellis…et pro Guillermo fratre suo et Maria sorore sua…ac…Aelidis et Johannæ sororum suarum" concerning the inheritance of "terra et castellania de Dompnapetra super Bebram et domus de Chazeles…et terra de Mercuilhs Æduensis diocesis…"[460].  Seigneur de Jaligny et de Saint-Ilpize. 

-        SEIGNEURS de SAINT-ILPIZE, de COMBRONDE et de JALIGNY[461]

6.         HUGUES (-10 Oct 1347, bur Clermont Saint-André).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Alverniæ", dated Nov 1296, appoints "Rotbertum et Hugonem filios meos et Beatricem filiam meam quos suscepit a me domina Ysabellis…uxor mea domina de Jaligniaco" as his heirs "in castris et villis…de Champellis et de Breone et de Saurias et de Rupeforti et de Aureyra et de Croco et de Pontegibaldo"[462].  A charter dated 1301 records an agreement between "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Dalphinus Alverniæ miles pater…Roberti, Hugonis, Isabellis et Beatricis liberorum suorum procreatorum…ex…domina Ysabelle quondam domina de Jaliniaco uxoreque quondam eiusdem comitis" and "domicellus Johannes de Castrovillani dominus de Luziaco filius quondam domini Guidonis de Castrovillani quondam militis et dictæ dominæ Ysabellis…et pro Guillermo fratre suo et Maria sorore sua…ac…Aelidis et Johannæ sororum suarum" concerning the inheritance of "terra et castellania de Dompnapetra super Bebram et domus de Chazeles…et terra de Mercuilhs Æduensis diocesis…"[463].  The testament of "Hugo Delphini canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1337, appoints "Robertum Delphini nepotem meum" as his heir and makes other bequests to "alios filios masculos Roberti Delphini quondam fratris mei germani"[464].  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, appoints "fratrem nostrum dominum Hugonem Delphini præpositum Brivatensem…" among his executors[465]

7.         ISABELLE (-7 Mar 1327).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Alverniæ", dated Nov 1296, makes bequests to "…Ysabelli filiæ meæ quæ est in monasterio Belli-montis…Delphinæ filiæ meæ moniali Medii montis"[466].  A charter dated 1301 records an agreement between "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Dalphinus Alverniæ miles pater…Roberti, Hugonis, Isabellis et Beatricis liberorum suorum procreatorum…ex…domina Ysabelle quondam domina de Jaliniaco uxoreque quondam eiusdem comitis" and "domicellus Johannes de Castrovillani dominus de Luziaco filius quondam domini Guidonis de Castrovillani quondam militis et dictæ dominæ Ysabellis…et pro Guillermo fratre suo et Maria sorore sua…ac…Aelidis et Johannæ sororum suarum" concerning the inheritance of "terra et castellania de Dompnapetra super Bebram et domus de Chazeles…et terra de Mercuilhs Æduensis diocesis…"[467].  The marriage contract between "Rotbertus comes Claromontensis Delphinus Arverniæ…Ysabelle filia" and "Petro de Monteacuto domicello" is dated 29 Jun 1304[468].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 7 Mar 1327 of "Domina Ysabel de Monteacuto filia domini comitis Delphini Arverniæ"[469]m (contract 29 Jun 1304) PIERRE Seigneur de Montaigu sur Champeix, son of ---. 

8.         BEATRIX (-after 1301).  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Alverniæ", dated Nov 1296, appoints "Rotbertum et Hugonem filios meos et Beatricem filiam meam quos suscepit a me domina Ysabellis…uxor mea domina de Jaligniaco" as his heirs "in castris et villis…de Champellis et de Breone et de Saurias et de Rupeforti et de Aureyra et de Croco et de Pontegibaldo"[470].  A charter dated 1301 records an agreement between "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Dalphinus Alverniæ miles pater…Roberti, Hugonis, Isabellis et Beatricis liberorum suorum procreatorum…ex…domina Ysabelle quondam domina de Jaliniaco uxoreque quondam eiusdem comitis" and "domicellus Johannes de Castrovillani dominus de Luziaco filius quondam domini Guidonis de Castrovillani quondam militis et dictæ dominæ Ysabellis…et pro Guillermo fratre suo et Maria sorore sua…ac…Aelidis et Johannæ sororum suarum" concerning the inheritance of "terra et castellania de Dompnapetra super Bebram et domus de Chazeles…et terra de Mercuilhs Æduensis diocesis…"[471]

Robert [III] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

9.          ROBERT (-after Jun 1340).  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, provides for "Roberto Delphini nutrito patris nostri quondam"[472]

 

 

JEAN [I] de Clermont, son of ROBERT [III] Comte de Clermont & his first wife Alixende de Mercœur (-10 Mar 1352).  The testament of "Alixens comitissa Claromontensis", dated Jun 1286, appoints "Guillelmum et Johannem filios meos" as her heirs, makes bequests to "Delphinæ filiæ meæ", and chooses burial "in monasterio sancti Andreæ Claromontensis"[473].  The testament of "Robertus comes Claromontensis et Delphinus Alverniæ", dated Nov 1296, appoints "Johannem filium meum quem Alixens de Mercorio quondam…uxor mea a me suscepit" as his heir[474].  Sire de Mercœur 1321.  Comte de Clermont.  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, appoints "Beraldum primogenitum filium nostrum dominum de Mercorio" as his heir, makes other bequests to "filium nostrum Amedeum…Delphinam et Margaritam de Chalencone…neptibus nostris filiabus quondam Ysabellis quondam filiæ nostræ…ob causa dotis suæ domino de Chalencone marito suo quondam…consorte nostra Anna de Pictavia", provides for "Johanni nutrito nostro…Roberto Delphini nutrito patris nostri quondam", and appoints "fratrem nostrum dominum Hugonem Delphini præpositum Brivatensem, et dominum Guidonem dominum de Chalancone…" among his executors[475].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 10 Mar 1351 (O.S.) of "Joannes comes Claromontis delphinus Arverniæ"[476]

m (22 May 1313) as her second husband, ANNE de Poitiers, widow of HENRI [II] Comte de Rodez, daughter of AYMAR [IV] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois & & his second wife Marguerite de Genève (-27 Aug 1351).  The marriage contract between "Henry Comte de Rodés" and "Anne de Poitiers fille du Comte de Valentinois" is dated 1302 and sets the dowry agreed by "Marguerite de Geneve sa mere femme dudit Comte de Valentinois"[477].  The marriage contract between "Daulphinet premier filz de Robert Comte de Clermont" and "Anne de Poitiers fille de Aymard Comte de Valentinois" is dated 1313 and confirms that his father granted him "les Chastellenies de S. Ilpize, de Vieille-Brioude et de Leothoing"[478].  "Pons vicomte de Carlat" acknowledged owing money "pour les droits qu’elle avoit és biens de Henry Comte de Rodés son feu mary" to "Jean comte de Clermont et Anne de Poitiers sa femme" by charter dated 1329[479].  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, makes bequests to "…consorte nostra Anna de Pictavia"[480]Dame de Marsillac, des Salles-Comtaux, d'Agen et de Gages.  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 27 Aug 1351 of "Anna de Pictavia comitissa Claromontensis"[481]

Jean [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.         BERAUD [I] Dauphin (-27 Aug 1356).  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, appoints "Beraldum primogenitum filium nostrum dominum de Mercorio" as his heir[482]Comte de Clermont

-        see below

2.         AMEDEE (-28 Aug 1361).  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, makes bequests to "filium nostrum Amedeum…"[483].  Seigneur de Meilhaud et de Rochefort 1349.  The testament of "Amedeus Delphini miles dominus de Rochafort", dated Jun 1355, appoints "Yzabellis de Turre uxor mea" as his heir if she is pregnant, and in default "Beraldum comitem Claromontensem Delphinum Arverniæ fratrem meum…Hugonem Delphini filium dicti domini comitis nepotem meum"[484].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 28 Aug 1361 of "Amedeus Delphini dominus de Rupeforti"[485]m (1354) as her first husband, ISABELLE de la Tour, daughter of BERTRAND [IV] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Isabelle de Lévis (-after 1388).  The marriage contract between "Bertrandus dominus de Turre miles et Guido de Turre domicellus eius filius…domicellam Ysabellam de Turre filiam…eiusdem domini de Turre" and "dominus Amedeus Delphini miles dominus de Rupeforti" is dated 14 Nov 1354[486].  She married secondly Guibaud de Mello Seigneur d’Epoisses.  Amedée & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERAUD (-4 Aug 1384).  The testament of "Beraldus Dalphini miles dominus de Rupeforti filius bonæ memoriæ domini Amedei Dalphini militis quondam domini de Rupeforti", dated end Dec 1383, appoints "Beraldum Dalphini Alverniæ comitem Claromontensem" as his heir and in default "Hugonem Dalphini militem fratrem dicti…comitis…Robertum Dalphini militem fratrem etiam dicti…comitis…filias præfati…comitis"[487].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 4 Aug 1384 of "Beraudus Dalphini dominus de Rupeforti"[488].  [m] (1373) AGNES de Bellefaye, daughter of PIERRE de Besse Seigneur de Bellefaye & his wife ---.  An undated charter records the marriage of "Beraud Dauphin Seigneur de Rochefort" and "Agnes fille de feu Pierre seigneur de Bellefaye" in 1373 and the dowry agreed by "Guillaume seigneur de Bellefaye son frere"[489].  It is assumed either that Agnes predeceased her husband or that the marriage never took place, as she is not named in her supposed husband’s testament dated Dec 1383. 

3.         ISABELLE (-before 1340).  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, makes bequests to "…Delphinam et Margaritam de Chalencone…neptibus nostris filiabus quondam Ysabellis quondam filiæ nostræ…ob causa dotis suæ domino de Chalencone marito suo quondam…"[490]m GUY Seigneur de Chalencon, son of --- (-after 11 Jun 1340).  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, appoints "fratrem nostrum dominum Hugonem Delphini præpositum Brivatensem, et dominum Guidonem dominum de Chalancone…" among his executors[491]

Jean [I] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

4.          ROBERT (-after 10 Jun 1344).  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, provides for "Johanni nutrito nostro…"[492].  A charter of Philippe VI King of France, dated 10 Jun 1344, relating to "excessibus, damnis et injuriis per Johannem comitem Claromontensem Dalphinum Alverniæ, Beraudum eius filium dominus de Mercorio…Johannem Dalphini bastardum dicti comitis"[493]

 

 

BERAUD [I] Dauphin, son of JEAN [I] Comte de Clermont & his wife Anne de Poitiers (-27 Aug 1356).  The testament of "Johannes comes Clarimontensis Delphinusque Arverniæ", dated 11 Jun 1340, appoints "Beraldum primogenitum filium nostrum dominum de Mercorio" as his heir[494]Comte de Clermont.  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, appoints "filium nostrum primogenitum Beraldum Dalphini" as his heir, and makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[495].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 27 Aug 1356 of "Beraldus comes Claromontensis et Dalphinus Arverniæ ac dominus totius terræ Mercurii"[496]

m (contract Avignon 14 Mar 1333) MARIE de la Vie, daughter of PIERRE de la Vie Baron de Villemur & his wife Marie Duèze (-28 Sep 1383).  The marriage contract between "Beraldum Dalfini filium…Johannis comitis Claromontensis Dalfini Alverniæ" and "nobilem Mariam de Via filia nobilis…domini Petri de Via domini Villemuri et Calvineti" is dated 14 Mar 1333[497]The identity of Marie’s mother is indicated by Pope Jean XXII naming [her brother] “[son] neveu...Jacques de la Vie évêque d’Avignon” among the cardinals he appointed on 17 Dec 1316[498].  Documents dated 1358, 1365 and 1371 acknowledged fees "du chasteau et chastellenie de Champeils" held from "Madame Marie de Villemur comtesse de Clermont, Dauphine d’Auvergne et Dame de Mercœur"[499].  According to Marcellin Boudet, her son Béraud [II] confirmed her in possession of château Champeix as dower[500].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 28 Sep 1383 of "domina Maria de Villamur comitissa Claromontensis"[501]

Béraud [I] & his first wife had nine children: 

1.         BERAUD [II] "le Grand Dauphin" (-17 Jan 1400).  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, appoints "filium nostrum primogenitum Beraldum Dalphini" as his heir[502]Comte de Clermont

-        see below

2.         HUGUES (-before 1416).  The testament of "Amedeus Delphini miles dominus de Rochafort", dated Jun 1355, appoints "Yzabellis de Turre uxor mea" as his heir if she is pregnant, and in default "Beraldum comitem Claromontensem Delphinum Arverniæ fratrem meum…Hugonem Delphini filium dicti domini comitis nepotem meum"[503].  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[504].  The testament of "Beraldus Dalphini miles dominus de Rupeforti filius bonæ memoriæ domini Amedei Dalphini militis quondam domini de Rupeforti", dated end Dec 1383, appoints "Beraldum Dalphini Alverniæ comitem Claromontensem" as his heir and in default "Hugonem Dalphini militem fratrem dicti…comitis…Robertum Dalphini militem fratrem etiam dicti…comitis…filias præfati…comitis"[505]m (before 1399) as her second husband, MARQUISE de Godet, widow of JEAN d’Aigrefeuille, daughter of LAMBERT de Godet & his wife Alix de Tournon (-after 1416).  A charter dated 9 Feb 1403 records a claim by "Hugo Dalphini miles et Marquisa de Godeto eius uxor" against "Aelipdim de Turnone relictam defuncti Lamberti de Godeto militis domini de Godeto patrisque dictæ Marquisiæ", reciting that Marquise married firstly "defuncto Johanne de Agrifolio milite" and that Aelipdis lived for 24 years with "eiusdem Lamberti" and had several children by him of whom "Franciscum de Godeto" survived his father, although it was claimed that after the birth of Marquise her father had undergone an operation on his genitals which had rendered him impotent[506]

3.         JEAN (-after 1367).  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[507]

4.         MARGUERITE (-11 Sep [1364/67]).  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[508].  The marriage contract between "Beraldus comes Claromontensis Dalphinus Arverniæ dominus Mercorii…domicellæ Margaritæ Dalphinæ sororis suæ germanæ" and "Godeffredus de Bolonia dominus Montisgasconis" is dated 21 May 1364[509].  The necrology of Bouchet abbey records the death 11 Sep of "dominæ Margaritæ dalphinæ primæ uxoris domini Godafrii domini Montisgasconis"[510]m (contract 21 May 1364) as his first wife, GODEFROI d’Auvergne Seigneur de Mongascon, son of ROBERT [VII] Comte d'Auvergne et de Boulogne & his second wife Marie de Flandre (-[11 Jan 1384/19 Aug 1385]). 

5.         BEATRIX .  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[511]m firstly HENRI dit GILLES [III] de Montaigu, son of GILLES [II] Aycelin Seigneur de Montaigu & his wife --- (-before 1357).  m secondly (1357) GUILLAUME Flotte [II] Seigneur de Revel, son of ---. 

6.         JEANNE .  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[512].  The marriage contract between "Dominum Guidonem dominum castri et baroniæ de Severiaco militem senescalliæ Ruthenensis" and "Johannam Dalphine sororem…Beraldi comitis Claromontensis Dalphini Arverniæ" is dated 2 Nov 1364[513]Betrothed (before Aug 1356) to GUILLOT Comptor, son of --- Comptor Seigneur d’Apchon & his wife ---.  m (contract 2 Nov 1364) GUY de Severac Seigneur de Severac en Rouergue, son of ---. 

7.         CATHERINE .  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[514].  The marriage contract between "Beraldus Dalphinus Alverniæ comes Claromontensis…Catherinæ Delphinæ sororis germanæ" and "Marquesius de Belloforti dominus de Canilhaco et vicecomes Motæ" is dated 23 Aug 1369[515]m (contract 23 Aug 1369) MARQUIS de Beaufort Seigneur de Canillac, Vicomte de la Mothe, son of GUILLAUME Comte de Beaufort & his wife ---. 

8.         BLANCHE .  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[516].  Her marriage is confirmed by pleadings dated 1471 which note that "Guerin d’Apcher…[son] fils…Guerin" married "Dame Jeanne de Beaufort", had "trois enfants Guerin, Jean et Raimond", the oldest on whom married "une fille du Dauphin d’Auvergne, don’t issirent autre Guerin le quart, Claude, Louys et Berault"[517]m GUERIN [III] Seigneur d’Apchier, son of GUERIN [II] Seigneur d’Apchier & his wife Marie de Beaufort. 

9.         ROBERT (after Aug 1356-after May 1416).  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, makes bequests to "Hugonem Delphini filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannem Delphini filium nostrum tertio genitum…Margaritam Delphinam filiam nostram…Beatricem Delphinam filiam nostram…Johannam Delfinam filiam nostram…pro doto cum Guilhoto Comptoris filio domini de Apchonio…Catharinam Delfinam filiam nostram…Blancham Delphinam filiam nostram…postumum seu postumam…ex nobis…consorte nostra Maria"[518].  The testament of "Beraldus Dalphini miles dominus de Rupeforti filius bonæ memoriæ domini Amedei Dalphini militis quondam domini de Rupeforti", dated end Dec 1383, appoints "Beraldum Dalphini Alverniæ comitem Claromontensem" as his heir and in default "Hugonem Dalphini militem fratrem dicti…comitis…Robertum Dalphini militem fratrem etiam dicti…comitis…filias præfati…comitis"[519]m (contract Oct 1390) as her second husband, CATHERINE de Veauce, widow of HUTIN Seigneur de Vermeilles, daughter of PIERRE de Veauce & his wife Jeanne de Varigny (-[1419/31]).  The marriage contract between "Domini Roberti Dalphini militis domini Ruynarum et de Melzenio" and "domina Catharina de Velcia uxor quondam…relicta nobilis quondam viri domini Utini de Vermelles quondam militis" is dated Oct 1390[520].  She married thirdly ([1416/19]) Geoffroy de Sully Seigneur de Beaujeu.  Mistress (1): ISABELLE Rossete, wife of ---, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter May 1416 which records the legitimation of her son.  Robert had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

a)         FLORIDAS Dauphin (after 1390-after May 1416).  A charter dated May 1416 records the legitimation of "Floridas Dalphini filius naturalis…Rotberti Dalphini militis et Ysabellis Rosseta…in duplici adulterio…ex conjugato et muliere conjugata genitus" and "domina Catharina de Velcia uxor quondam…relicta nobilis quondam viri domini Utini de Vermelles quondam militis" is dated Oct 1390[521]

 

 

BERAUD [II] "le Grand Dauphin" de Clermont, son of BERAUD [I] Dauphin Comte de Clermont & his wife Marie de Villemur (-17 Jan 1400).  The testament of "Beraldus Dalfini comes Claromontensis, Dalphinus Arverniæ, dominus de Mercorio", dated Aug 1356, appoints "filium nostrum primogenitum Beraldum Dalphini" as his heir[522]Comte de Clermont.  A charter dated 5 Mar 1377 records an agreement between "Berault dauphin d’Auvergne conte de Clermont et…Marguerite de Sancerre sa femme" and "madamoiselle Jehanne dame de Rais, heritiere seule…de feu…Girart son frère et mari de lad. Marguerite, et madame Phelippe Bertrande, mère de lad. Marguerite" relating to the dower of Marguerite[523].  The testament of "Beraldus Dalphini miles dominus de Rupeforti filius bonæ memoriæ domini Amedei Dalphini militis quondam domini de Rupeforti", dated end Dec 1383, appoints "Beraldum Dalphini Alverniæ comitem Claromontensem" as his heir and in default "Hugonem Dalphini militem fratrem dicti…comitis…Robertum Dalphini militem fratrem etiam dicti…comitis…filias præfati…comitis"[524].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 17 Jan 1399 (O.S.) of "Beraldus comes Claromontensis, Delphinus Arverniæ et dominus Mercorii"[525]

[Betrothed ([1348], contract 6 Jul 1353) YOLANDE de Genève, daughter of AMEDEE [III] Comte de Genève & his wife Mathilde d’Auvergne.  It is supposed that Yolande was betrothed to Béraud [II] not Béraud [I], assuming that the primary sources which record the known wife of the latter in 1358, 1365 and 1371 are accurately reported (see above), and that the marriage did not take place for some reason.  This is the solution adopted by Père Anselme, who records 1348 as the date of the betrothal without indicating any primary source on which this date is based[526].  She married (1360 after 17 Jan) as his second wife, Aimery [VI] Vicomte de Narbonne.] 

m firstly (contract 22 Jun 1357) JEANNE de Forez, daughter of GUY [VII] Comte de Forez & his wife Jeanne de Clermont (10 May 1337-17 Feb 1369).  The testament of "Guido comes Forensis", dated 16 Dec 1357, bequeathes property to "Johannam…filiam meam" in connection with her marriage to "comitem dalphinum Alvernie"[527].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 17 Feb 1369 of "Johanna de Forests comitissa Claromontis dominaque terræ de Mercorio"[528]

m secondly (contract Château de Vieux-Brioude 14 Jun 1371) JEANNE d’Auvergne, daughter of JEAN [I] Duke of Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne & his wife Jeanne de Clermont (-1 Oct 1373).  The marriage contract between "Johannes comes Boloniæ et Arverniæ…Johanna filia" and "dominus Beraudus Delphini dominus de Mercorio" is dated 14 Jun 1371[529].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 1 Oct 1373 of "Johanna de Bolonia comitissa Claromontenis"[530]

m thirdly (Riom 27 Jun 1374) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Sancerre, widow of GERARD Chabot Baron de Retz, daughter of JEAN [III] Comte de Sancerre & his first wife Marguerite de Marmande (-1419).  The marriage contract between "Johannes comes de Sacrocæsare et…Margarita domina de Meremendia…relicta…domini Girardi quondam domini de Rays" and "dominus Beraldus Dalphini Alverniæ comes Claromontensis dominusque de Mercorio" is dated 27 Jun 1374[531].  A charter dated 5 Mar 1377 records an agreement between "Berault dauphin d’Auvergne conte de Clermont et…Marguerite de Sancerre sa femme" and "madamoiselle Jehanne dame de Rais, heritiere seule…de feu…Girart son frère et mari de lad. Marguerite, et madame Phelippe Bertrande, mère de lad. Marguerite" relating to the dower of Marguerite[532].  Ctss de Sancerre.  She married thirdly Jean [III] dit Lourdin Seigneur de Saligny, and fourthly (1408) Jacques de Montbéron Baron de Maulévrier

Béraud [II] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         ANNE (1358-Moulins 22 Sep 1417).  Dame de Mercœur.  Ctss de Forez 1382.  "Domina Johanna de Borbonio, relicta…Guidonis comitis Forensis, comitissa Forensis" donated her rights in the county of Forez to "dominam Annam Dalphine duchissam Borbonii, filiam suam et…dominum Ludovicem ducem Borbonii eius nepotem, conjuges" by charter dated 5 Jul 1382[533].  Louis Duc de Bourbon transferred his rights in the county of Forez to his wife by charter dated 5 Jan 1383[534].  Dauphine de Clermont 1400.  The testament of "Johanna de Bourbonio comitissa Forensis, filiaque…domini Ludovici ducis Borbonii, comitis Claromontis et Marchie, et domine Marie Heynaut, coniugem, relicta…domini Guidonis comitis Forensis quondam", dated 13 Jun 1400, bequeathed property to "dominum ducem Bourboni, comitem Claromontensem et Forensem, et Annam Dalphinam, duchissam Bourbonii, nepotem et filiam meos", and founded an anniversary for "domine Margarite de Sabbadia…sororgie mee, quondam consortis…fratris mei domini Reynaudi de Foresio"[535]m (contract Montbrison 4 Jul 1368, in person Ardes Jan 1370, Papal dispensation 15 Sep 1370) LOUIS II "le Bon" Duc de Bourbon, son of PIERRE I Duc de Bourbon & his wife Isabelle de Valois (4 Aug 1337-Château de Montluçon 19 Aug 1410, bur Priory of Souvigny). 

Béraud [II] & his third wife had seven children: 

2.         BERAUD [III] (-Château d’Ardres 28 Jul 1426).  The marriage contract between "Dominus Armandus sive Randonus vicecomes Podompniaci et…Randonus dicti domini vicecomitis filius" and "Johanna Dalphina filia…Beraldi Delphini Alverniæ comitis Claromontis" is dated 16 Jan 1389 (O.S.), and names "Beraldo, Johanne, Ludovico et Rotberto eorum liberis"[536]Comte de Clermont.  Comte de Sancerre.  m firstly (1409) JEANNE de la Tour, daughter of BERTRAND [V] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Marie Ctss d’Auvergne et de Boulogne (-1416 or before).  m secondly (Issoudun 14 Jul 1426) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Chauvigny, daughter of GUY [II] de Chauvigny Seigneur de Châteauroux Vicomte de Brosse & his wife Antoinette de Cousan (-23 Jul 1473).  She married secondly Jean [II] de Blois-Châtillon, who succeeded in 1433 as Comte de Penthièvre, Vicomte de Limoges.  Béraud [III] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         JEANNE (1414-Ardres 26 May 1436)Ctss de Clermont, Ctss de Sancerre, Dauphine d’Auvergne, Dame de Mercœur et de Combrailles.  m (contracts 9 Oct and 8 Dec 1426, in person 8 Dec 1426) as his first wife, LOUIS de Bourbon Comte de Montpensier, son of JEAN I Duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne & his wife Marie de Berry (-May 1486, bur Aigueperse, Chapelle Saint-Louis). 

3.         JEAN (-before 1400).  The marriage contract between "Dominus Armandus sive Randonus vicecomes Podompniaci et…Randonus dicti domini vicecomitis filius" and "Johanna Dalphina filia…Beraldi Delphini Alverniæ comitis Claromontis" is dated 16 Jan 1389 (O.S.), and names "Beraldo, Johanne, Ludovico et Rotberto eorum liberis"[537]

4.         LOUIS (-before 1400).  The marriage contract between "Dominus Armandus sive Randonus vicecomes Podompniaci et…Randonus dicti domini vicecomitis filius" and "Johanna Dalphina filia…Beraldi Delphini Alverniæ comitis Claromontis" is dated 16 Jan 1389 (O.S.), and names "Beraldo, Johanne, Ludovico et Rotberto eorum liberis"[538]

5.         ROBERT (-1456, bur Brioude).  The marriage contract between "Dominus Armandus sive Randonus vicecomes Podompniaci et…Randonus dicti domini vicecomitis filius" and "Johanna Dalphina filia…Beraldi Delphini Alverniæ comitis Claromontis" is dated 16 Jan 1389 (O.S.), and names "Beraldo, Johanne, Ludovico et Rotberto eorum liberis"[539].  Bishop of Chartres 1432.  Bishop of Albi 1436. 

6.         JEANNE (-after 1400).  The marriage contract between "Dominus Armandus sive Randonus vicecomes Podompniaci et…Randonus dicti domini vicecomitis filius" and "Johanna Dalphina filia…Beraldi Delphini Alverniæ comitis Claromontis" is dated 16 Jan 1389 (O.S.), and names "Beraldo, Johanne, Ludovico et Rotberto eorum liberis"[540]m (contract 16 Jan 1390) RANDONNET de Polignac, son of RANDON-ARMAND [X] Vicomte de Polignac & his first wife Mascarone de Montaigut-Listenois (-[1399/1400]). 

7.         MARIE .  The marriage contract between "Guillaume de Vienne seigneur de Saint George et de Sainte Croix" and "Bairault Daulphin d’Auvergne…Marie Daulphine sa seur germaine" is dated 16 Jul 1400[541]m (contract Paris 16 Jul 1400) GUILLAUME de Vienne Seigneur de Sellières, de Saint-Georges et de Sainte-Croix, son of --- (-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415). 

8.         MARGUERITE (-after 30 Jan 1413).  Dame d’Aubijoux.  m (1404) JEAN [IV] de Bueil, son of --- (-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415).  Grand-maître des Arbalestriers de France. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    SEIGNEURS de BAFFIE

 

 

The castle of Baffie was situated in the commune of Saint-Just de Baffie, canton of Viverols, arrondissement Ambert, in the present-day French département of Puy-de-Dôme[542].  According to Boudet, the seigneurs de Baffie were descendants of the same vicecomital family who were ancestors of the vicomtes de Polignac.  He suggests that the castle was constructed by "Guillaume fils puîné du vicomte Dalmas III…entre 1065 et 1077", who he says was the father of Dalmas [I] de Baffie and his brother Guillaume Bishop of Clermont who are shown below.  He also suggests a family relationship with the seigneurs de Semur (see the document BURGUNDY DUCHY NOBILITY).  Boudet cites no primary sources which confirm all these suggested family connections[543].  The family names, especially Dalmas, indicate that such relationships are possible. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         DALMAS [I] de Baffie .  A charter dated to [1064/96] records a debt owed by "Dalmacius de Bafia" to "Agnoni et uxori eius et filiis suis", "Guichardus de Bafia" being named as one of the hostages[544]m ---.  The name of Dalmas’s wife is not known.  Dalmas [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         DALMAS [II] de Baffie (-[1151/55]).  "Dalmacius quoque de Bafia…" witnessed the charter dated to [1122/23] under which "Rainaldus Palmartz miles" donated "mansum del Cros" to Sauxillanges[545].  "Dalmacius de Bafia…et filius eius Willelmus" granted rights to Sauxillanges by charter dated 1151[546]m LAURENCE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the marriage contract between "Agnus filius Agnonis et Petronillæ" and her daughter "Auxiliendim filiam Dalmatii et Laurentiæ" dated 28 Jan 1114[547].  Dalmas [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME [I] de Baffie (-after [1172]).  "Dalmacius de Bafia…et filius eius Willelmus" granted rights to Sauxillanges by charter dated 1151[548].  "Willelmus de Baffia" donated rights "in honore d’Arcellet" to the Knights Hospitallers at Velay, with the consent of "Dalmatius filius eius", by charter dated top [1172][549]

-         see below

ii)         AUXILENDE de Baffie .  The marriage contract between "Agnus filius Agnonis et Petronillæ" and "Auxiliendim filiam Dalmatii et Laurentiæ" is dated 28 Jan 1114, and provided for "medietatem…castellania de Oleargiis" as dowry[550]m (contract 28 Jan 1114) AGNON [Agne] [II] Seigneur de Meymont, son of AGNON [Agne] [I] Seigneur de Meymont & his wife Petronille ---. 

b)         GUILLAUME de Baffie (-13 Jan 1113).  An undated charter records that "domnus Willelmus de Bafia Claromontensis episcopus" objected to claims to "terram S. Petri" and that after his death "domnus Willelmus nepos eius prepositus de Podio…cum fratre suo…Silvid" renounced these claims "apud Calcidos Montes", witnessed by "…Odilo de Bafia…"[551]Bishop of Clermont 3 Apr 1096, until 1104.  "Willelmus Arvernorum episcopus, Dalmacii de Bafia filius" donated "ecclesia S. Pardulfi" to Sauxillanges by undated charter, dated to 1101, signed by "Willelmi episcopi, Stephani eius consanguinei et Celsiniensium prioris…"[552]

c)         SILVAIN de Baffie .  An undated charter records that "domnus Willelmus de Bafia Claromontensis episcopus" objected to claims to "terram S. Petri" and that after his death "domnus Willelmus nepos eius prepositus de Podio…cum fratre suo…Silvid" renounced these claims "apud Calcidos Montes", witnessed by "…Odilo de Bafia…"[553]

2.         GUILLAUME de Baffie (-after 1077)Bishop of Clermont 1073, deprived 1077.  An undated charter records that "domnus Willelmus de Bafia Claromontensis episcopus" objected to claims to "terram S. Petri" and that after his death "domnus Willelmus nepos eius prepositus de Podio…cum fratre suo…Silvid" renounced these claims "apud Calcidos Montes", witnessed by "…Odilo de Bafia…"[554]

 

 

GUILLAUME [I] de Baffie, son of DALMAS [II] de Baffie & his wife [Laurence ---] (-after [1172]).  "Dalmacius de Bafia…et filius eius Willelmus" granted rights to Sauxillanges by charter dated 1151[555].  "Willelmus de Baffia" donated rights "in honore d’Arcellet" to the Knights Hospitallers at Velay, with the consent of "Dalmatius filius eius", by charter dated top [1172][556]

m ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known. 

Guillaume [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         DALMAS [III] de Baffie (-[1172/85]).  "Willelmus de Baffia" donated rights "in honore d’Arcellet" to the Knights Hospitallers at Velay, with the consent of "Dalmatius filius eius", by charter dated top [1172][557]m ---.  The name of Dalmas’s wife is not known.  Dalmas [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME [II] de Baffie (-1255).  "Willelmus qui fui filius Dalmacii de Bafia" donated "ecclesia de Viveirols" to Sauxillanges by undated charter[558].  Boudet dates this document to [1180/85], but he does not explain his reasoning[559].  "Wuillelmum…de Baffia" acted as guarantor in a charter dated to [1178/1201] under which "Petrus de Cervissas…" agreed the boundaries of certain territories "in villa Sancti Flori" with Chamalières-sur-Loire en Velay[560].  "Dominus Hugo de Monte Rebelli" donated "unum mansum apud Vivairols…Campo" to Sauxillanges, with the consent of "Domino Willelmo de Bafia" his suzerain, by undated charter[561].  "Guigo comes Forensis" mediated disputes between the abbey of Bénissons Dieu and "virum nobilem Willelmum de Baffia", relating to donations made by "avus suus bonæ memoriæ Willelmus de Baffia", by charter dated 1205[562].  A charter dated 6 Feb 1219 (N.S.) records that Guillaume de Baffie accepted the suzerainty of the bishop of Clermont over his "châtellenies de Baffie, de Viverols, Marsac, Riols, Ambert"[563].  "Guidonem de Tierno, Hugonem Dalmatium, Robertum de Sancto Bonito, Willelmum de Baffia, Armandum de Rota" are named as guarantors in a charter dated Nov 1223 which records the privileges of Montbrison[564].  "Guillaume de Baffie le jeune" granted franchises to the inhabitants of Saint-Germain, with the consent of "Guillaume de Baffie son père…Guy comte de Forez et…Rainaud de Forez frère dudit Guy", by charter dated Jun 1248[565].  Boudet states that "le vieux Guillaume…mourut en 1255 dans un âge très avancé" but does not cite the primary source on which he bases his information[566].  A document dated 1286 records a bequest by "Guillaume de Baffie" to Chaise-Dieu[567].   m [firstly] S--- de Forez, daughter of GUY [III] Comte de Forez & his first wife Ascuraa --- (-[before 1244]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated Mar [1241/42] under which “Guillermus de Bafes miles” recorded his agreement with “Guiodum de Foreis” which names “comes Guido de Foreis, defunctus, avus meus…ex parte prime uxoris sue legittime, que fuit mater matris mee” and adds that Guy [III] Comte de Forez was also father of “comes Guido de Nevers, pater dicti Guidi…frater fuit mater matris meæ superius nominatæ” by his second wife whom he married during the lifetime of his first wife[568].  Baluze records as unknown the name of the wife of Guillaume [II] de Baffie[569].  La Mure states that "la troisième et dernière fille de Guy III Comte de Forez" was "Eléonor de Forez" who, after the termination of her betrothal to "Guillaume fils de Guy II Comte d’Auvergne", married "un grand seigneur d’Auvergne nommé Guillaume de Baffie, seigneur de Baffie et de Viveron"[570].  In this way, La Mure conflates the daughter of Comte Guy [III] by his first marriage, who married Guillaume de Baffie, with his younger daughter who was betrothed to Guillaume d’Auvergne.  Secondary sources since that time have consistently stated that the wife of Guillaume de Baffie was named Eléonore, but it appears that there is no primary source which confirms that this is correct.  An indication of her name has been found: Vachez records that "M. Noël Thiollier" examined the original of the Mar [1241/42] charter "aux Archives Nationales" and found that the phrase "mater matris meæ superius nominatæ" in fact reads "mater matris meæ superius nominatæ S"[571].  Boudet incorrectly assumes that "S" in this document refers to Guillaume de Baffie’s mother-in-law, who is referred to as "Ascuraa" in other sources which Boudet therefore suggests was a nickname[572].  However, it is clear from the Latin of the passage that "matris meæ superius nominatæ S" constitutes a single phrase, all in the genitive case, and that "S" therefore refers to Guillaume’s wife not his mother-in-law ("mater" in the same document, nominative case).  Durand suggests that the [first] wife of Guillaume [II] de Baffie had died before the settlement between the Forez and Baffie families, evidenced by the charter dated 1244 quoted below under the paragraph dealing with her son, but the passage of the document on which he relies as the basis for this conclusion is unclear[573].  [m secondly ALIX de Tournon, daughter of ---.  Vachez names "Alix de Tournon" as the second wife of Guillaume [II] de Baffie but does not cite the primary source which confirms that this is correct[574].]  Guillaume [II] de Baffie & his [first] wife had three children: 

i)          GUILLAUME [III] de Baffie (-before Mar 1273).  Guillermus de Bafes miles” recorded his agreement with “Guiodum de Foreis” by charter dated Mar [1241/42], which names “comes Guido de Foreis, defunctus, avus meus…ex parte prime uxoris sue legittime, que fuit mater matris mee[575].  "Guillelmus de Bafia junior" reached agreement with "G. comitem Forensem" concerning his rights to "toto comitatu Forensi" which he held "jure hereditario partim nomine avie mee l’Ascuraa…mater mea unica filia et heres ipsius…filia unica comitis Forensis Guigonis Branda et neptis comitis patri Magni", with the consent of "domino Guillelmo de Bafia patre nostro", by charter dated 1244[576].  "Guillaume de Baffie le jeune" granted franchises to the inhabitants of Saint-Germain, with the consent of "Guillaume de Baffie son père…Guy comte de Forez et…Rainaud de Forez frère dudit Guy", by charter dated Jun 1248[577]m ELEONORE de Tournon, daughter of --- (-after Mar 1273).  Vachez records that Guillaume [III] de Baffie married "Eléonore de Tournon, sœur d’Alix de Tournon, seconde femme de son père"[578].  Durand quotes the testament of "dame Héliénor de Turnone, relicte domini G. quondam domini de Baffia junioris"[579].  "Agno de Magnomonte dominus d’Oleyergues" confirmed owing debts "pro dote sua" to "dominæ Helyenor relictæ bonæ memoriæ domini Guillelmi quondam domini de Baffia junioris…avunculi nostri" by charter dated Mar 1273[580].  This document suggests that Agnon [VI] Seigneur d’Olliergues, the nephew of Guillaume [III] de Baffie by his sister Beatrix, was the senior representative of the family of Guillaume [III]’s wife, in view of the reference to "dote sua".  The precise relationship has not been ascertained.  Boudet assumes that she was the daughter of "Héracle de Montboissier" married to Agnon’s sister Marguerite[581]

ii)         BEATRIX de Baffie (-4 Apr, 1249 or before).  "Domina Yseuz domina de Oleargues" confirmed having transferred "castrum suum de Oleargues" to "Agnoni filio suo militi" on his marriage to "Beatricem filiam domini Guillelmi de Baffia jam defunctam", by charter dated Jul 1249[582].  The chronology of their families suggests that it is likely that Beatrix married before her sister Eléonore.  If that is correct, Beatrix was probably the older sister.  That hypothesis appears corroborated by the testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, which requested "uxor mea et ille que erit heres Baffiæ testamentum domini quondam de Baffia" to oversee its execution[583].  "Agno de Magnomonte miles dominus de Oleargis" confirmed donations to "monasterio Vallis lucidæ" made by "…domina Beatrix mater nostra quondam…" for the anniversaries of "…dominæ Beatricis…pridie Non Apr…" by charter dated Apr 1272[584]m ([1231]) AGNON [V] de Meymont Seigneur d’Olliergues, son of ROBERT [de Clermont dit] de Velay & his wife Iseut de Meymont (-before Oct 1252, bur Vauluisant). 

iii)        ELEONORE de Baffie (-12 Jan, 1285 or after).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the execution of a testamentary clause of "Guillaume de Baffie par sa fille Eléonore comtesse d’Auvergne" dated 1285[585].   Dame d’Ambert et de Livradois.  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, grants "castrum meum de Castronovo" to "Elionoræ uxori meæ", and chooses burial in "monasterio Vallis lucidæ Cisterciensis ordinis"[586].  The testament of "Alionora comitissa Boloniæ et Alverniæ domina Baffiæ", dated Jan 1285, names "Robertum filium meum Boloniæ et Alverniæ comitem…Godefridum filium meum…Guidonem filium meum…Mathildem filiam meam…Mariam filiam meam...dominæ Alienor amitæ meæ"[587]m ([1245]) ROBERT [V] Comte d’Auvergne, son of GUILLAUME [X] Comte d’Auvergne & his wife Aleidis de Brabant (-11 Jan 1277). 

b)         ELEONORE (-after Jan 1285).  The testament of "Alionora comitissa Boloniæ et Alverniæ domina Baffiæ", dated Jan 1285, names "Robertum filium meum Boloniæ et Alverniæ comitem…Godefridum filium meum…Guidonem filium meum…Mathildem filiam meam…Mariam filiam meam...dominæ Alienor amitæ meæ"[588]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    SIRES de BOURBON

 

 

 

A.      SIRES de BOURBON

 

 

The origin of Aimar, earliest known ancestor of the first dynasty of sires de Bourbon, is unknown.  However, a spurious Carolingian descent was created for him in the late 17th century which has proved remarkably resistant and has found its way over the succeeding centuries into numerous secondary sources including Europäische Stammtafeln[589].  The fraudulent Bourbon documentation recalls the similar exercise relating to the purported Merovingian descent of the dukes of Aquitaine and Gascony, based on the so-called Alarcon charter which was fabricated around the same time (see the Introduction to the document GASCONY for the background to the creation of the Alarcon documentation).  The background to the creation of the fraudulent Bourbon documents is discussed fully by Chazaud who also publishes in full several of the spurious charters[590].  He traces their authorship to Frère André de Saint-Nicolas, prior of the Carmelite priory of Moulins, who also cooperated with Etienne Baluze in the compilation of documentation for the latter’s Histoire de la maison d’Auvergne published in 1708[591].  The documents were provided to Jean-Baptiste Goth Duc d’Epernon and Marquis de Rouillac.  According to the first in the series of spurious charters, dated May 922, "Ademarus comes" (identified with Aimar, ancestor of the sires de Bourbon) donated "Lisinias villa in pago Augustidense" to Cluny/Souvigny, for the souls of "senioris mei Nibilungi genitoris et Kunegundis genetricis", signed by "Haimonis, Erkimbaudi et Dagoberti filiorum eius, Rotberti ducis nepotis eius, Ugonis filii Rotberti…"[592].  "Nibilung" was no doubt intended to be a member of the Nibelung/Childebrand/Theoderic family (see the document CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY) but, as none of these names is found among the known descendants of Aimar, the fabrication is unconvincing.  Another charter, dated 28 Apr 924, records another purported donation by "Ademarus comes" and names "Eckardi comitis avi mei…et Rodberti et Adelelmi quondam fratrum meorum…"[593].  A further charter, dated [945], records a purported donation by "Haimo dominus Borbonensis, filius Ademari comitis et Hermengardis comitissæ" and names "filiis nostris Geraldo, Archimbaldo, Haimone, Ebbone, Umberto et Anserico et filia nostra Aldesinda"[594].  No other primary sources have yet been identified which name the two supposed brothers of Aimar and the supposed four younger sons and daughter of Aimon [I].  They are therefore omitted from the genealogy which is presented below. 

 

 

1.         AIMAR (-before Jan 954).  "Aymardus" donated "curtem Silviniaci" to Cluny by charter dated Mar 920, signed by "Emmonis, Archimbaldi, Dagberti, Aimonis, item Aimonis, et item Aimonis…"[595]m ERMENGARDIS, daughter of --- (-before Jan 954).  "Aymus" donated "ecclesiam…sancti Petri…in pago Arvernico, in vicaria Donobrense, in villa Salviniaco" to Cluny, for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Ermengardæ…", by charter dated Jan 954[596].  Aimar & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         AIMON [I] [Emmon] ([900/05]-after Jan 954).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Jan 954 (see below).  "Emmonis, Archimbaldi, Dagberti, Aimonis, item Aimonis, et item Aimonis…" signed the charter dated Mar 920 under which "Aymardus" donated "curtem Silviniaci" to Cluny[597], the first three signatories presumably being Aimar’s sons.  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he and his brothers were young adults or adolescents when they witnessed this 920 charter.  Sire de Bourbon.  "Aymo" donated property "in paugo Alvernico in fundis Donobrens in accio Noviacense, vocabulum est Longo Verno" to Cluny by charter dated Nov 950, signed by "Eldesen…Arkambal, Gemmono, Ebono, Unbert, Elferico, item Aimono, Girber, Dummiono…"[598].  "Aymus" donated "ecclesiam…sancti Petri…in pago Arvernico, in vicaria Donobrense, in villa Salviniaco" to Cluny, with the consent of "uxore mea Aldesinde" and for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Ermengardæ et fratrum meorum Daceberti et Archimbaldi", by charter dated Jan 954 which refers to "cartam testamenti pater meus Aymardus", signed "apud castrum Borbonem" by "Aymonis et Aldesinde uxoris eius…Geraldi et Archimbaldi filiorum eius…"[599]m ALDESINDE, daughter of ---.  "Eldesen…Arkambal, Gemmono, Ebono, Unbert, Elferico, item Aimono, Girber, Dummiono…" signed the charter dated Nov 950 under which "Aymo" donated property "in paugo Alvernico in fundis Donobrens in accio Noviacense, vocabulum est Longo Verno" to Cluny[600].  "Aymus" donated "ecclesiam…sancti Petri…in pago Arvernico, in vicaria Donobrense, in villa Salviniaco" to Cluny, with the consent of "uxore mea Aldesinde", by charter dated Jan 954[601].  Aimon [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          GERARD de Bourbon (-after Jan 954).  "Aymus" donated "ecclesiam…sancti Petri…in pago Arvernico, in vicaria Donobrense, in villa Salviniaco" to Cluny by charter dated Jan 954, signed "apud castrum Borbonem" by "Aymonis et Aldesinde uxoris eius…Geraldi et Archimbaldi filiorum eius…"[602].  The order of signatures suggests that Gérard was older than his brother Archambaud.  If this hypothesis is correct, it is likely that Gérard predeceased their father as no other document has been found in which he is named. 

ii)         ARCHAMBAUD [I] de Bourbon ([930/35]-after [990]).  "Eldesen…Arkambal…" signed the charter dated Nov 950 under which "Aymo" donated property "in paugo Alvernico in fundis Donobrens in accio Noviacense, vocabulum est Longo Verno" to Cluny[603].  "Aymus" donated "ecclesiam…sancti Petri…in pago Arvernico, in vicaria Donobrense, in villa Salviniaco" to Cluny by charter dated Jan 954, signed "apud castrum Borbonem" by "Aymonis et Aldesinde uxoris eius…Geraldi et Archimbaldi filiorum eius…"[604]Sire de Bourbon

-         see below

b)         ARCHAMBAUD .  "Emmonis, Archimbaldi, Dagberti, Aimonis, item Aimonis, et item Aimonis…" signed the charter dated Mar 920 under which "Aymardus" donated "curtem Silviniaci" to Cluny[605], the first three signatories presumably being Aimar’s sons.  "Aymus" donated "ecclesiam…sancti Petri…in pago Arvernico, in vicaria Donobrense, in villa Salviniaco" to Cluny, for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Ermengardæ et fratrum meorum Daceberti et Archimbaldi", by charter dated Jan 954[606]

c)         DAGOBERT (-[Nov 950/Jan 954]).  "Emmonis, Archimbaldi, Dagberti, Aimonis, item Aimonis, et item Aimonis…" signed the charter dated Mar 920 under which "Aymardus" donated "curtem Silviniaci" to Cluny[607], the first three signatories presumably being Aimar’s sons.  "Aymus" donated "ecclesiam…sancti Petri…in pago Arvernico, in vicaria Donobrense, in villa Salviniaco" to Cluny, for the souls of "genitoris mei et genetricis meæ Ermengardæ et fratrum meorum Daceberti et Archimbaldi", by charter dated Jan 954[608]

d)         [EMMON [Aimon] .  "Emmonis, Archimbaldi, Dagberti, Aimonis, item Aimonis, et item Aimonis…" signed the charter dated Mar 920 under which "Aymardus" donated "curtem Silviniaci" to Cluny[609].  As the first three signatories can be identified as the donor’s sons, it is possible that the first "Aimonis" was another son who is otherwise unrecorded.]   

 

 

ARCHAMBAUD [I] de Bourbon, son of AIMON [I] Sire de Bourbon & his wife Aldesinde --- ([930/35]-after [990]).  "Eldesen…Arkambal…" signed the charter dated Nov 950 under which "Aymo" donated property "in paugo Alvernico in fundis Donobrens in accio Noviacense, vocabulum est Longo Verno" to Cluny[610].  His birth date range is estimated from the estimated birth date range of his father.  "Aymus" donated "ecclesiam…sancti Petri…in pago Arvernico, in vicaria Donobrense, in villa Salviniaco" to Cluny by charter dated Jan 954, signed "apud castrum Borbonem" by "Aymonis et Aldesinde uxoris eius…Geraldi et Archimbaldi filiorum eius…"[611]Sire de Bourbon.  "Ugo…Rex Francorum" issued a charter dated Jul 995 relating to property "in terra Archimbaldi comitis cum Maliis" which names "Archimbaldo comite et Archimbaldo filio suo, dilectis consanguineis nostris et Burchardo comite"[612].  This charter is listed by Chazaud among the spurious Bourbon charters which are discussed in the Introduction to this part[613].  No other primary source has been identified which confirms a family relationship between the sires de Bourbon and the early Capetian kings of France.  It is assumed that the information is incorrect.  A charter dated [11 Jul 971/10 Jul 972] records a donation by "Archembaldus", with the consent of "filiorum ac filiarum mearum", of "campum in loco…Montiliacus situm" to Cluny[614].  "Rainaldus" donated property "in vicaria Borbonensi in villa Gernente" to Cluny, for the soul of "Framerici", by charter dated Aug 974, subscribed by "Archimbaldi…"[615].  "Arnevert et Grimalt et uxores eorum Adalgarda [et] Agena et nevotus noster Giraldus" donated property "in pago Biturigo in vicaria Borbones in centena Novientense in villa Curtilas" to Cluny, for the soul of "Archimbalt seniore", by charter dated to [980][616].  "Archimbaldus" (and name variants) is named as witness in 12 other charters at Cluny during this period, dated to [954/94], Jul [961/62] ("Archunbodi"), [12 Nov 970/11 Nov 971], Nov [971/72], Jun 972, Dec 978, 20 Feb 980, [12 Nov 981/11 Nov 982], May 984, Jul 984 ("Archimbaldus, Dacbertus…Archibaldus"), [990], [993/1048] ("Archimbaldi senioris")[617], none of which can be linked directly to Bourbon.  In addition, there are two other charters which show that Archambaud [I] and Archambaud [II] were not the only persons living in the area with this name:  a charter dated to [994] names "reverendis fratribus…Archimbaldo"[618] (although none of the subscriptions in the charters listed above were shown as clerics), and a charter dated to [997/1031] records the donation by "Erchimboldus et uxor mea Girberga" and names "Rutbaldi fratris predicti Erchimbaldi" and is signed by "filiorum eius Constantii, Bernardi, Vinberti, Franconis, Adam" (which clearly refers to another family, although the actual date of the document may be later than the period we are now considering)[619]

m (before 10 Jul 961) [ROTGARDIS], daughter of --- (-[before [11 Jul 971/10 Jul 972]]).  "Archinbodus et uxor mea Rotgardis" donated land "in pago Lugdunensi in agro Tosiacensi in villa Nonedis…[et] in villa…Melerges" to Cluny by charter dated [11 Jul 960/10 Jul 961][620].  Chazaud highlights that there is nothing in this charter which links "Archinbodus" to Archambaud [I] Sire de Bourbon, which is correct.  However, he proceeds to identify Archambaud [I] as the Archambaud whose wife was Ermengarde (named Archambaud [II] below in this document)[621].  As the estimated birth dates shown in this document demonstrate, the chronology dictates that there must have been two generations in the Bourbon family during the second half of the 10th century and therefore that Archambaud [I] and Archambaud [II] were most likely two different persons.  The likelihood of "Archinbodus" in the [960/61] charter being Archambaud [I] can be verified by the number of references to the name Archambaud in later 10th century Cluny charters (see above), which suggest that the name was not common although not unique to the Bourbon family.  In conclusion, it does not appear unreasonable to suppose that the charter dated [11 Jul 960/10 Jul 961] does refer to Archambaud [I] and that "Rotgardis" was therefore his wife.  The charter dated [11 Jul 971/10 Jul 972], which records a donation by "Archembaldus", with the consent of "filiorum ac filiarum mearum", of property "in loco…Montiliacus situm" to Cluny[622], suggests that Archambaud’s wife had died before this date (assuming of course that "Archembaldus" can be identified as Archambaud [I], which is not beyond all  doubt). 

Archambaud [I] & his wife had [four or more] children: 

1.         ARCHAMBAUD [II] de Bourbon ([960/70]-21 May [1031/33]).  "Ugo…Rex Francorum" issued a charter dated Jul 995 relating to property "in terra Archimbaldi comitis cum Maliis" which names "Archimbaldo comite et Archimbaldo filio suo, dilectis consanguineis nostris et Burchardo comite"[623].  As noted above, this charter is listed by Chazaud among the spurious Bourbon charters which are discussed in the Introduction to this part[624]Sire de Bourbon.  "Archimbaldus et uxoris sue Ermengardis…" subscribed the charter dated [24 Oct 1010/23 Oct 1011] under which "Leodegarius presbiter" donated property "in pago Arvernico in agro Valentiaco in villa Saligniaco in loco…Novem Fontibus…et in villa Blanziaco"[625].  The obituary of Souvigny records the death "XII Kal Jun" of "domino Archimbaldo viride"[626]m ERMENGARDE, daughter --- (-22 Jan after 1034, bur [Souvigny]).  "Archimbaldus et uxoris sue Ermengardis…" subscribed the charter dated [24 Oct 1010/23 Oct 1011] under which "Leodegarius presbiter" donated property "in pago Arvernico in agro Valentiaco in villa Saligniaco in loco…Novem Fontibus…et in villa Blanziaco"[627].  "Archembaldus et Albuinus, Geraldus quoque et Aymo" donated the Chapelle de La Faye to the abbey of Souvigny by charter dated [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025], signed by "Archenbaldi, uxoris sue Ermengaudis et filiorum scilicet eiusdem…" and subscribed by "Geraldi nepoti eius"[628].  Archambaud [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         ARCHAMBAUD [III] "le Jeune" de Bourbon ([1000]-16 Aug 1078).  "Archembaldus et Albuinus, Geraldus quoque et Aymo" donated the Chapelle de La Faye to the abbey of Souvigny by charter dated [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025], signed by "Archenbaldi, uxoris sue Ermengaudis et filiorum scilicet eiusdem" which repeats the preceding names[629]Sire de Bourbon

-        see below.   

b)         ALBUIN (-after [1048/49]).  "Archembaldus et Albuinus, Geraldus quoque et Aymo" donated the Chapelle de La Faye to the abbey of Souvigny by charter dated [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025], signed by "Archenbaldi, uxoris sue Ermengaudis et filiorum scilicet eiusdem" which repeats the preceding names[630].  "Erchenbudus, Borbonensium comes…et frater meus Albuinus et uxor mea Aurea et filius meus Herchenbaldus" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges by undated charter[631].  Huillard-Bréholles dates this charter to [1048/49][632]

c)         GERAUD (-after [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025]).  "Archembaldus et Albuinus, Geraldus quoque et Aymo" donated the Chapelle de La Faye to the abbey of Souvigny by charter dated [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025], signed by "Archenbaldi, uxoris sue Ermengaudis et filiorum scilicet eiusdem" which repeats the preceding names[633]

d)         AIMON (-30 May or 5 Jun 1071).  "Archembaldus et Albuinus, Geraldus quoque et Aymo" donated the Chapelle de La Faye to the abbey of Souvigny by charter dated [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025], signed by "Archenbaldi, uxoris sue Ermengaudis et filiorum scilicet eiusdem" which repeats the preceding names[634]Archbishop of Bourges 1030.  "Erchenbudus, Borbonensium comes…et frater meus Albuinus et uxor mea Aurea et filius meus Herchenbaldus" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges by undated charter[635].  Huillard-Bréholles dates this charter to [1048/49][636].  "Guido comes" also supported a donation to Saint-Vincent de Mâcon by charter dated [1077] subscribed by "Maioris comitisse, Archimbaldi et Aimonis fratris eius"[637]

2.         [other children .  The charter dated [11 Jul 971/10 Jul 972], which records a donation by "Archembaldus", with the consent of "filiorum ac filiarum mearum", of property "in loco…Montiliacus situm" to Cluny[638], shows that the donor had four or more children in total (assuming of course that "Archembaldus" can be identified as Archambaud [I], which is not beyond all  doubt).] 

3.         [--- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         GERAUD (-after [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025]).  "Archembaldus et Albuinus, Geraldus quoque et Aymo" donated the Chapelle de La Faye to the abbey of Souvigny by charter dated [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025], signed by "Archenbaldi, uxoris sue Ermengaudis et filiorum scilicet eiusdem…" and subscribed by "Geraldi nepoti eius"[639]

 

 

 

ARCHAMBAUD [III] "le Jeune" de Bourbon, son of ARCHAMBAUD [II] Sire de Bourbon & his wife Ermengarde --- ([1000]-16 Aug 1078).  "Archembaldus et Albuinus, Geraldus quoque et Aymo" donated the Chapelle de La Faye to the abbey of Souvigny by charter dated [24 Oct 1024/23 Oct 1025], signed by "Archenbaldi, uxoris sue Ermengaudis et filiorum scilicet eiusdem" which repeats the preceding names[640].  His birth date is estimated based on his date of death and bearing in mind his father's estimated birth date range.  Sire de Bourbon.  "Erchenbudus, Borbonensium comes…et frater meus Albuinus et uxor mea Aurea et filius meus Herchenbaldus" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges by undated charter, with the consent of "Humbaudo atque Rainmundo frater eius, qui ipsam ecclesiam tenebant", signed by "Erchenbaudus comes, Haimo presul frater eius, Albuinus frater eius, Erchenbaldus filius eius, Aurea uxor eius, Raimundus et Humbaudus frater eius"[641].  Huillard-Bréholles dates this charter to [1048/49][642].  He is named "Archinbaldi di Monticulo" in his son's charter dated 23 Jun 1077 (see below)[643], and another charter of his son confirms that Archambaud [III] founded "ecclesiam de Monticulo" [Montet] (see below).  "Guido comes" also supported a donation to Saint-Vincent de Mâcon by charter dated [1077] subscribed by "Maioris comitisse, Archimbaldi et Aimonis fratris eius"[644].  "Domnus Archembaldus" requested "Durannus…Arvernorum episcopus" to donate property to the Priory of Saint-Pourçain, where "filii sui Albuini" was buried, by charter dated 20 Sep 1077[645]

m firstly [BELETRUD], daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Archimbaldus, illius Archimbaldi filius qui ecclesiam de Monticulo construxit, et filius Bderrud" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges by undated charter, although it is clear that "Bderrud" must be a misread transcription[646]

m secondly AUREA, daughter of ---.  "Erchenbudus, Borbonensium comes…et frater meus Albuinus et uxor mea Aurea et filius meus Herchenbaldus" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges by undated charter, signed by "Erchenbaudus comes, Haimo presul frater eius, Albuinus frater eius, Erchenbaldus filius eius, Aurea uxor eius…"[647].  Huillard-Bréholles dates this charter to [1048/49][648]

Archambaud [III] & his [first] wife had four children: 

1.         ARCHAMBAUD [IV] "le Fort" de Bourbon ([1030]-22 Sep [1095]).  "Erchenbudus, Borbonensium comes…et frater meus Albuinus et uxor mea Aurea et filius meus Herchenbaldus" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges by undated charter, signed by "Erchenbaudus comes, Haimo presul frater eius, Albuinus frater eius, Erchenbaldus filius eius, Aurea uxor eius…"[649].  Huillard-Bréholles dates this charter to [1048/49][650].  His birth date is estimated based on his father's estimated birth date.  "Archinbaldus Burbunensis cognomina fortis filius Archinbaldi di Monticulo" donated property to Chapelle-Aude with the consent of "Archinbaldi filii mei" by charter dated 23 Jun 1077[651]Sire de Bourbon.  "Archimbaldus, illius Archimbaldi filius qui ecclesiam de Monticulo construxit, et filius Bderrud" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges, with the consent of "filiis suis…Archimbaldo et Petro de Blot et Aimone…Beliardis uxoris suæ…Amelii Cambo qui filiam ipsius Archimbaldi habebat…", by undated charter[652].  "Erchambaldus princeps Borbonensis et Petrus Primellus atque uxor illius Belsadis cum filiis suis Erchambaldusque de Ardenna Giraldusque frater eius atque soror eorum cum filiis suis Ingone et Erchambaldo" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by undated charter dated to [1078/95], the signatory part of the document confirming precise family relationships in the donor's family by naming "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius"[653]m BELIARDE, daughter of ---.  "Archimbaldus, illius Archimbaldi filius qui ecclesiam de Monticulo construxit, et filius Bderrud" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges, with the consent of "…Beliardis uxoris suæ…", by undated charter[654].  "Erchambaldus princeps Borbonensis et Petrus Primellus atque uxor illius Belsadis…" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95], the signatory part of the document confirming precise family relationships in the donor's family by naming "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis…"[655].  Archambaud [IV] & his wife had six children: 

a)         daughter .  "Archimbaldus, illius Archimbaldi filius qui ecclesiam de Monticulo construxit, et filius Bderrud" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges, with the consent of "filiis suis…Archimbaldo et Petro de Blot et Aimone…Beliardis uxoris suæ…Amelii Cambo qui filiam ipsius Archimbaldi habebat…", by undated charter[656].  The fact that she was married at the date of this charter suggests that she was one of her father’s older children, possibly born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage.  m AMELIUS de Chambon, son of ---.  1078/1095. 

b)         ARCHAMBAUD [V] "le Pieux" de Bourbon (-after [1096]).  "Archimbaldus, illius Archimbaldi filius qui ecclesiam de Monticulo construxit, et filius Bderrud" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges, with the consent of "filiis suis…Archimbaldo et Petro de Blot et Aimone…Beliardis uxoris suæ…Amelii Cambo qui filiam ipsius Archimbaldi habebat…", by undated charter[657].  "Erchambaldus princeps Borbonensis et Petrus Primellus atque uxor illius Belsadis cum filiis suis Erchambaldusque de Ardenna Giraldusque frater eius…" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95], the signatory part of the document confirming precise family relationships in the donor's family naming "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius"[658]Sire de Bourbon.  "Archimbauldus Pius filius Archimbaudi Fortis" confirmed the donation by "Aldebertus sanctæ matris Bituricensis ecclesie archipresul" to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated [22 Sep 1095/31 Dec 1095] or 1096[659]m as her first husband, ---.  The name of Archambaud's wife is not known.  She married secondly as his second wife, Adélard Guillebaut Sire de Château-Meillant.  The second marriage is confirmed by Suger's Vita Ludovici which records that "Alardus Guillebaldi" supported the cause of "privigni sui" against "nobilem baronem Haimonem…Variam Vaccam cognomina, Burbonensem dominum" when the latter deprived "nepotem maioris fratris, Erchembaldi scilicet filium" of his inheritance[660].  Archambaud [V] & his wife had one child:

i)          ARCHAMBAUD [VI] "le Pupille" de Bourbon (-[1116])Sire de Bourbon, minor in 1096 when he was dispossessed by his uncle.  Suger's Vita Ludovici records that "nobilem baronem Haimonem…Variam Vaccam cognomina, Burbonensem dominum" deprived "nepotem maioris fratris, Erchembaldi scilicet filium" of his inheritance, refused a summons to appear before the king, and was forced into submission at the château de Germigny[661]

c)         PIERRE de Blot .  "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][662].  "Archimbaldus, illius Archimbaldi filius qui ecclesiam de Monticulo construxit, et filius Bderrud" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges, with the consent of "filiis suis…Archimbaldo et Petro de Blot et Aimone…Beliardis uxoris suæ…Amelii Cambo qui filiam ipsius Archimbaldi habebat…", by undated charter[663].  After the death of "Aymon, fils d’Archambaud le Fort", "Petrus de Blovio son frère" donated "des terres sises près du chemin de Montluçon" to Saint-Ursin de Moncenoux, by charter dated to before 1120[664].  This last document raises an unresolved issue: the order of names in the other charters quoted above suggests that Pierre de Blot was older than his brother Aimon [II] Sire de Bourbon.  However, the last document indicates that Pierre survived his brother.  In that case, it is unclear why Pierre did not inherit Bourbon on the death of their oldest brother Archambaud [V], especially as, if he had been illegitimate, it is unlikely that he would consistently have been placed before his brother Aimon in the documentation.  Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Pierre’s mistress is not known.  Pierre had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

i)          [PIERRE de Blot .  An undated charter, dated to [1165], records the settlement of a dispute between "Archembaldus de Borbonio" and "Petrus de Blot", at the court of Henry II King of England, records that Pierre claimed that their fathers were "fratres germani" which was not recognised by Archambaud[665].  It is assumed that Pierre was illegitimate if he was indeed the son of the older Pierre de Blot.] 

d)         BERNARD .  "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][666]

e)         AIMON [II] "Vaire-Vache" de Bourbon (-before 27 Mar 1120).  "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][667]Sire de Bourbon

-        see below

f)          ERMENGARDE de Bourbon .  The Gesta Consulum Andegavensium names "Ermengardim filiam Archenbaldi Fortis de Borbone" as second wife of "Fulco Rechin", recording that he divorced her[668].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavensium names her second husband "Guillelmo Jalinniaci ortam" when recording the marriage of her daughter by this second marriage[669].  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Willelmo Jalinacensi domino filio Uldini Barbæ" as the second husband of "Ermengardim filiam Archembaudi Fortis de Borbono"[670]m firstly (1070, divorced before 1076) as his second wife, FOULQUES IV "le Réchin" Comte d'Anjou, son of GEOFFROY II Comte de Gâtinais, Seigneur de Château-Landon & his wife Ermengarde d'Anjou (1043-14 Apr 1109).  m secondly GUILLAUME Seigneur de Jaligny, son of ELDIN de Jaligny & his wife ---. 

Archambaud [IV] had one [possibly illegitimate] child: 

g)         EBBO .  "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][671].  The reference in this charter to Ebbo as "filius eius" rather than "filius eorum" implies that he was not the son of Archambaud [IV] by his wife Béliarde.  If he had been Archambaud's son by an otherwise unrecorded first marriage of his father, it is likely that he would have been mentioned first in the document, and in other documentation, as he would have been his father's oldest legitimate heir.  It is more likely therefore that he was illegitimate.  m ---.  The name of Ebbo's wife is not known.  Ebbo & his wife had one child: 

i)          EBBO .  "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][672]

2.         ALBUIN (-before 20 Sep 1077, bur Saint-Pourçain).  "Domnus Archembaldus" requested "Durannus…Arvernorum episcopus" to donate property to the Priory of Saint-Pourçain, where "filii sui Albuini" was buried, by charter dated 20 Sep 1077[673]

3.         GERAUD .  "Erchambaldus princeps Borbonensis et Petrus Primellus atque uxor illius Belsadis cum filiis suis Erchambaldusque de Ardenna Giraldusque frater eius atque soror eorum cum filiis suis Ingone et Erchambaldo" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by undated charter dated to [1078/95], the signatory part of the document confirming precise family relationships in the donor's family by naming "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius"[674].  The wording of this charter is difficult to interpret.  However, it is more reasonable to suppose that Géraud was the brother rather than son of the donor.  If he was the his son, their sister would probably have been too young to have had two sons during the possible date range of the charter, bearing in mind the likely marriage date of Archambaud [IV] and his second wife.  This interpretation appears confirmed by the signatory part of the charter quoted above, which does not name Géraud as one of Archambaud [IV]'s children. 

4.         daughter .  "Erchambaldus princeps Borbonensis et Petrus Primellus atque uxor illius Belsadis cum filiis suis Erchambaldusque de Ardenna Giraldusque frater eius atque soror eorum cum filiis suis Ingone et Erchambaldo" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][675].  No record has yet been identified which names this daughter's husband.  m ---.  Two children: 

a)         INGO .  "Erchambaldus princeps Borbonensis et Petrus Primellus atque uxor illius Belsadis cum filiis suis Erchambaldusque de Ardenna Giraldusque frater eius atque soror eorum cum filiis suis Ingone et Erchambaldo" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][676]

b)         ARCHAMBAUD .  "Erchambaldus princeps Borbonensis et Petrus Primellus atque uxor illius Belsadis cum filiis suis Erchambaldusque de Ardenna Giraldusque frater eius atque soror eorum cum filiis suis Ingone et Erchambaldo" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][677]

 

 

AIMON [II] "Vaire-Vache" de Bourbon, son of ARCHAMBAUD [IV] "le Jeune" Sire de Bourbon & his wife Béliarde --- (-before 27 Mar 1120).  "Erchambaldus princeps uxorque eius Belardis filiique eorum Erchambaldus et Petrus et Hammo et Bernardus de Borbonio, Ebbo quoque filius eius, necnon et Ebbo Guiereia filiique eius" donated the church of Neuville to the chapter of Saint-Ursin de Bourges by charter dated to [1078/95][678].  "Archimbaldus, illius Archimbaldi filius qui ecclesiam de Monticulo construxit, et filius Bderrud" donated "ecclesiam…Mons Cenobii…in honore sancti Ursini" to the church of Bourges, with the consent of "filiis suis…Archimbaldo et Petro de Blot et Aimone…Beliardis uxoris suæ…Amelii Cambo qui filiam ipsius Archimbaldi habebat…", by undated charter[679].  "Aimo de Borbonis frater Archimbaudi domini Borbonensis" sold property to the prior of Montet by charter dated to [22 Sep 1095/early Jan 1097][680]Sire de Bourbon.  Suger's Vita Ludovici records that "nobilem baronem Haimonem…Variam Vaccam cognomina, Burbonensem dominum" deprived "nepotem maioris fratris, Erchembaldi scilicet filium" of his inheritance, refused a summons to appear before the king, and was forced into submission at the château de Germigny[681].  "Aimo de Borbonio" rights over "boscum…Montdria" in favour of the priory of Montet, with the advice of "uxoris mee Luce", by charter dated to before 1120[682].  A charter dated 6 Sep 1395 recalls that "Aimon de Bourbon, frère d’Archambaud Sire de Bourbon" sold half "du bois de Mondrié" to the monks of Saint-Michel-du-Montet and that later "Aimon", with the consent of "son épouse Lucia", confirmed the transfer of the same property[683]

m (1099) LUCIE de Nevers, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] de Nevers Comte de Tonnerre & his wife ---.  The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records the marriage of "Guillelmus Tornodorensis ex propria uxore unam filiam" and "Aimoni Borbonensi"[684].  "Aimo de Borbonio" rights over "boscum…Montdria" in favour of the priory of Montet, with the advice of "uxoris mee Luce", by charter dated to before 1120[685].  A charter dated 6 Sep 1395 recalls that "Aimon de Bourbon, frère d’Archambaud Sire de Bourbon" sold half "du bois de Mondrié" to the monks of Saint-Michel-du-Montet and that later "Aimon", with the consent of "son épouse Lucia", confirmed the transfer of the same property[686].  It is not known whether Lucie was the same person as the daughter of Guillaume Comte de Tonnerre. 

Aimon [II] & his wife had three children: 

1.         ARCHAMBAUD [VII] de Bourbon (-1171).  His parentage is confirmed by the Gesta Ambaziensium which records that, after the death of "Oldinus dominus Jalinniaci frater Elisabeth", "Archembaudus de Borbonio filius Haimonis" confiscated the castle of Jaligny[687]Sire de Bourbon.  Archambaud "princeps Borbonensium", with the consent of "sa mere Lucia", granted immunities to the abbey of Saint-Menoux by charter dated 2 Mar 1123[688].  "Archambaudus et Agnes eius uxor" granted customs to "leur ville franche de Moncenoux" by charter dated to [1136/39][689].  An undated charter, dated to [1165], records the settlement of a dispute between "Archembaldus de Borbonio" and "Petrus de Blot", at the court of Henry II King of England, records that Pierre claimed that their fathers were "fratres germani" which was not recognised by Archambaud[690].  The Chronicon Cluniacense records the death in 1171 of "Archimbaudus VI, filius Aymonis"[691]m (1137 or before) AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1180).  A notice dated [25 Jan] [1137/39] or 1140 concerning the foundation of the leprosery of La Madeleine near Souvigny refers to a donation of land by "domni Archinbaudi Borbonensis et Agnetis comitissæ" sold property to the prior of Montet by charter dated to [22 Sep 1095/early Jan 1097][692].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[693], the wife of Archambaud [VII] was Agnes de Maurienne, daughter of Humbert II "le Renforcé" Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie & his wife Gisèle de Bourgogne [Comté].  No indication has yet been found to confirm this origin.  However, it is surprising that Archambaud [VII] (who was a bachelor, and probably in his mid-thirties, at the time of his marriage) should have married a spinster who would at that time have been in her late thirties (Agnes must have been born before 1104 if she was the daughter of Comte Humbert).  The reference in the charter referred to above to "Agnetis comitissæ" indicates that Agnes was of higher rank by birth than her husband.  "Archambaudus et Agnes eius uxor" granted customs to "leur ville franche de Moncenoux" by charter dated to [1136/39][694].  Archambaud [VII] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ARCHAMBAUD [VIII] "le Jeune" de Bourbon (29 Jun 1140-26 Jul 1169)The Chronicon Cluniacense records the birth "1140 III Kal Iun" of "Archimbaudus"[695].  "Archimbaudus de Borbonio iuvenis" donated property to Chapelle-Aude by undated charter in which he names "Agnes comitissa Borbonis…mater eius"[696].  "Guido de Donopetro tunc dominus de Borbonio et Mahaut uxor mea" confirmed concessions granted to Souvigny by "Archinbaudi de Borbonio et Agnetis uxoris sue et Archinbaudi eorundem filii" by charter dated 1196[697].  The Chronicon Cluniacense records the death in 1169 of "Archimbaudus VII, filius sequentis Archimbaudi"[698]m ([1164]) as her first husband, ALIX de Bourgogne, daughter of EUDES II Duke of Burgundy & his wife Marie de Blois-Champagne ([1146]-Fontevrault 1192, bur Abbaye de Fontevrault).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Pars Altera Chronici Lemovicensis of Geoffroy de Vigeois which records that "nobilis Ebo de Charento" with "Gaucherio de Salis qui fuit filius Geraldi de Mania" with "nuru sua, quæ fuit uxor Archambaldi de Borbon et soror ducis Burgundiæ" invaded Limoges, dated to 1182[699].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not so far been identified.  Nun at Fontevrault, Abbess [1190] after her mother.  She married secondly Eudes de Deols Seigneur de Châteaumeillant.  Archambaud [VIII] & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATHILDE de Bourbon ([1165/69]-18 Jun 1228).  "Guido de Donopetro tunc dominus de Borbonio et Mahaut uxor mea" confirmed concessions granted to Souvigny by "Archinbaudi de Borbonio et Agnetis uxoris sue et Archinbaudi eorundem filii" by charter dated 1196[700].  "Dominum Gaucherium de Borbonio, dominamque Matildem uxorem meam" granted concessions to Cluny by charter dated 1189 which names "domino Guillelmo fratre meo"[701].  Neither of these sources state directly that Mathilde was the daughter of the younger Archambaud but it is a reasonable assumption that this is the case.  She succeeded her paternal grandfather in [1171/73] as Dame de Bourbon.  “Dominum Gaucherium de Borbonio, dominamque Matildim uxorem meam” granted toll exemptions to Cluny, with the consent of “domini Guillelmi comitis fratris mei”, by charter dated 1189[702].  A charter dated 1195 records the divorce between "M dominæ de Borbonio" and "nobilis vir Galcherus de Salinis" on the grounds of consanguinity[703]m firstly (before 1183, divorced 1195) GAUCHER [IV] de Vienne Sire de Salins, son of GERAUD [I] Comte de Mâcon et de Vienne [Bourgogne-Comté] & his wife Maurette de Salins (-1219).  m secondly (before 1196) GUY [II] Seigneur de Dampierre, son of GUILLAUME [I] Seigneur de Dampierre & his wife --- (-18 Jan 1216).  Connétable de Champagne [1170].  He became Sire de Bourbon, by right of his wife.  Seigneur de Montluçon 1202. 

b)         daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m EBLES [IV] Sire de Charenton, son of EBLES [III] Sire de Charenton & his wife --- (-after [1188]).   

2.         GUILLAUME .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Sire de Montluçon. 

3.         daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ARCHAMBAUD Sire de Saint-Gérant, son of ---. 

 

 

 

B.      SIRES de BOURBON (DAMPIERRE)

 

 

ARCHAMBAUD [VIII] "le Grand" de Dampierre, son of GUY [II] Seigneur de Dampierre & his wife Mathilde de Bourbon Dame de Bourbon (-killed in battle Cognat, Allier 23 Aug 1242).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "primogenitus Erchenbaldus…secundus Guilelmus de Moyelen et de Dampetra…tertius Guido" as the three sons of "Guido de Dampetra"[704].  “Guillelmus dominus de Dampetra…ligius homo domini comitis Campanie” agreed peace terms with “dominum Theobaldum comitem Campanie” by charter dated 31 Dec 1223, which names “dominum Archembaudum fratrem meum…[705].  He succeeded his mother in 1228 as Sire de Bourbon.  “Archambaudus dominus Borboniensis” reached agreement with “domino Regnaudo Carentonii” concerning their fiefs “burgo sancti Satyri” by charter dated 1226[706]

Betrothed ([1205/06]) GUIGONE de Forez, daughter of GUY [III] Comte de Forez [Albon] & his second wife Adelasia --- (-after 1239).  Philippe II King of France confirmed the conditions of the proposed marriages between "Guigue fils du comte de Forez, et une fille de Guy de Dampierre" and "Archambaud, fils de Guy de Dampierre, et Guigone, fille dudit comte de Forez" by charter dated [10 Apr 1205/1 Apr 1206][707].  No evidence has been found that this marriage was ever finalised.   

m BEATRIX de Montluçon, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD Sire de Montluçon & his wife ---.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "primogenitus Erchenbaldus [filius Guido de Dampetra]" as "filia alterius Erchenbaldi de Monte Lucionis" and in a later passage names her "Beatrici de Borbon", although in the latter the Chronicle incorrectly names her husband "Guidonem de Dampetra"[708].  1215. 

Archambaud [VIII] & his wife had five children:

1.         MARGUERITE de Bourbon (-Provins, Brie 12 Apr 1256, bur Clairval).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the marriage of "comes Campaniensis Theobaldus" and "Margaretam filiam Erchenbaldi de Borbona"[709].  The contract of marriage between “Theobaldus Campanie et Brie comes palatinus” and “Archambaldus dominus Borbonii…Margarita filia” is dated Mar 1232[710].  She was regent of Champagne and Navarre 1253-1256 during the minority of her son.  “Marguerite…royne de Navarre, de Champaigne et de Brye conteste palatine” settled a dispute between “les nobles barons Jehan conte de Bourgoigne et signour de Salins…et Thiebaut conte de Barz” by charter dated 3 Nov 1254[711].  The "Corónicas" Navarras record the death "II Id Apr…apud Privignum" in 1256 of "Margarita…regina Navarre, commitissa Canpanie atque Brie" and her burial in "apud Claram vallem"[712]m (contract Mar 1232, 12 Sep 1232) as his third wife, THIBAUT IV Comte de Champagne, son of THIBAUT III Comte de Champagne & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Navarra (Pamplona 3 May 1201-Pamplona 8 Jul 1253, bur Pamplona).  He succeeded in 1234 as TEOBALDO I King of Navarre

2.         ARCHAMBAUD [IX] de Dampierre (-in Cyprus 15 Jan 1249).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Beatrici de Borbon" as mother of "domni Erchenbaldi et Guilelmi de Moelen"[713].  He succeeded his father in 1242 as Sire de Bourbon.  The testament of "Archenbaudus dominus Borbonensis", dated Aug 1248, appoints "Mahaut et Agnetem filias meas" as his heirs, names "avunculorum meorum domini W et domini D de Merleto…domini A. Montis Lucii patris matris mee", and appoints "cognatum meum dominum G. Autissiodorensem episcopum, dominum G. de Dampnapetra avunculum meum, et dominum Beraudum de Mercolio sororium meum…" as his executors, and is sealed by "cognatorum meorum G. comitis Forensis et domini H. de Soliaco"[714]m (Betrothed Feb 1228, [30 May 1228]) YOLANDE de Châtillon, daughter of GUY [I] de Châtillon-sur-Marne Comte de Saint Pol & his wife Agnes Dame de Donzy (-1254).  The marriage contract of "Hugues de Châtillon…Iolande fille de feu Guy de Châtillon et nièce dudit Hugues" and "Archambaud de Bourbon", adding that she would remain "jusqu’à l’âge nubile en la garde de Dreux de Mello", by charter dated Feb 1228[715].  Heiress of the counties of Nevers and Tonnerre.  Archambaud [IX] & his wife had two children: 

a)         MATHILDE de Bourbon ([1234/35]-[Mar/Sep] 1262)The marriage contract of “Odet et de Jean enfans de Hugues Duc de Bourgongne” and “Mahaut et Agnes filles d’Archembaut seigneur de Bourbon et de sa femme suer de Gaucher de Chastillon” is dated Feb 1237[716].  The testament of "Archenbaudus dominus Borbonensis", dated Aug 1248, appoints "Mahaut et Agnetem filias meas" as his heirs[717].  She succeeded her father in 1249 as Dame de Bourbon.  The executors of the testament of "feu Archambaud de Bourbon" required "Eudes sire de Bourbon mari de Mathilde fille dudit Archambaud" to return certain pigs, by charter dated 9 Apr 1252[718].  She succeeded her great-grandmother Mathilde de Courtenay in 1257 as Ctss de Nevers, d'Auxerre et de Tonnerre.  m (contract Feb 1237, Feb 1248) EUDES de Bourgogne, son of HUGUES IV Duke of Burgundy & his first wife Yolande de Dreux Ctss d'Ossone (1230-Acre 4 Aug 1266, bur Acre, cemetery of St Nicolas).  Sire de Bourbon 1249, in right of his wife.  Comte de Nevers, d'Auxerre et de Tonnerre 1257-1262, by right of his wife.  Left on Crusade 1265.  

b)         AGNES de Bourbon (1237-Foggia, Apulia [5 Sep 1287/30 Jun 1288], bur Champaigue-en-Bourbonnais, église des Cordeliers).  The marriage contract of “Odet et de Jean enfans de Hugues Duc de Bourgongne” and “Mahaut et Agnes filles d’Archembaut seigneur de Bourbon et de sa femme suer de Gaucher de Chastillon” is dated Feb 1237[719].  The testament of "Archenbaudus dominus Borbonensis", dated Aug 1248, appoints "Mahaut et Agnetem filias meas" as his heirs[720].  Her two marriages are confirmed by the Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis which records that "rex Franciæ fratrem suum Robertum comitem Clarimontis" married her daughter "filiam dominæ de Borbone uxoris quondam fratris ducis Burgundiæ Roberti et post comitis Attrebatensis Roberti"[721].  "Archambaud sire de Bourbon, ayant promis de donner sa fille Agnès en mariage à Jean fils du duc de Bourgogne" authorised "son oncle Guillaume de Dampierre et son beau-frère Béraud de Mercœur" to transfer her to her bridegroom, by charter dated Aug 1248[722].  She succeeded her sister 1262 as Dame de Bourbon.  "Agnes comitissa Atrebatum et domina Borbonensis" modified her earlier testament by codicil dated 16 Aug 1278[723]m firstly (contract Feb 1237, Feb 1248) JEAN de Bourgogne, son of HUGUES IV Duke of Burgundy & his first wife Yolande de Dreux Ctss d'Ossone ([1231]-Moulins, Allier 17 Sep 1267).  Sire de Bourbon 1262, in right of his wife.  Seigneur de Charolais.  m secondly (1277) ROBERT II Comte d'Artois, son of ROBERT I “le Bon/le Vaillant” Comte d'Artois & his wife Mathilde de Brabant (posthumously Sep 1250-killed in battle Courtrai 11 Jul 1302, bur Abbaye de Maubuisson).  Agnes & her first husband had one child: 

i)          BEATRIX de Bourgogne ([1258]-château de Murat-en-Bourbonnais, near Souvigny 1 Oct 1310, bur Champaigue-en-Bourbonnais, église des Cordeliers).  The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records that "rex Franciæ fratrem suum Robertum comitem Clarimontis" married "filiam dominæ de Borbone uxoris quondam fratris ducis Burgundiæ Roberti et post comitis Attrebatensis Roberti"[724].  She inherited the châtellenies of Charolles, Sauvement, Dondin, Mont-Saint-Vincent et Sanvignes under the will of her paternal grandfather 26 Sep 1272, but was deprived by her uncle Duc Robert II who was obliged to return these territories to her Apr 1277 and Aug 1279.  She succeeded her mother 1287 as BEATRIX Dame de Bourbon.  "Robert comte de Clermont sire de Bourbon et Béatrix dame de Bourbon sa femme" confirmed their agreement with "Girard, viguier de la Ferté [aux Moines]" by charter dated Dec 1289[725]m (Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, Oise 1272) ROBERT de France Comte de Clermont, son of LOUIS IX King of France & his wife Marguerite de Provence (1256-7 Feb 1317, bur Paris, église des Jacobins).  Created Comte de Clermont, Seigneur de Creil-sur-Oise et de Sassy-le-Grand Mar 1269.  He received severe head injuries, which affected his reason for the rest of his life, during a tournament in Paris 1279 in celebration of the arrival of Charles d'Anjou Prince of Salerno [later Carlo II King of Sicily].  Sire de Bourbon 1287, by right of his wife.

3.         GUILLAUME de Bourbon (-before 1270).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Beatrici de Borbon" as mother of "domni Erchenbaldi et Guilelmi de Moelen"[726].  Seigneur de Beçay.  m MARGUERITE Dame de Boisrosier, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Bourbon (-before Dec 1291).  "Guillaume de Bourbon seigneur de Bessay" confirmed an agreement with "Barthélemy de Noys" made by "son père Guillaume de Bourbon envers Pierre de Noys, père dudit Barthélemy" by charter dated 5 May 1270[727].  Seigneur de Beçay.  m (contract 23 Oct 1270) ISABELLE de Courtenay, daughter of GUILLAUME de Courtenay Seigneur de Champignelles & his wife Marguerite de Salins (-1296).  The marriage contract between “Guillelmus de Cortenayo miles dominus de Champineules...Ysabellam filiam meam quondam filiam defunctæ Margaretæ quondam uxoris meæ” and “Guillelmum de Borbonio...dominum de Becçayo” is dated 23 Oct 1270[728].  A charter dated 22 Dec 1291 records repayment of a debt by "Isabelle de Courtenay dame de Bessay et de Guillaume son fils"[729].  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUILLAUME de Bourbon (-after 1 Jul 1299).  A charter dated 22 Dec 1291 records repayment of a debt by "Isabelle de Courtenay dame de Bessay et de Guillaume son fils"[730].  A charter dated 1 Jul 1299 records an agreement between "Robert comte d’Auvergne et de Boulogne, Béatrix sa femme, Guillaume de Bourbon sire de Bessay, et Mathilde sa femme, lesdites Béatrix et Mathilde filles de Faucon seigneur de Montgascon" and "Guichard sire de Beaujeu" relating to the succession of "Humbert jadis sire de Beaujeu et d’Isabelle sa fille", Béatrix and Mathilde representing "leur grand’mère Béatrix de Beaujeu, qui avait épousé Robert de Mongascon, père dudit Faucon"[731]m ([Apr 1295/1 Jul 1299]) as her second husband, MATHILDE de Montgascon, widow of EUDES Seigneur de Tournon, daughter of FAUCON [III] Seigneur de Montgascon & his wife Isabelle de Ventadour (-after 1 Jul 1299).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  A charter dated 1 Jul 1299 records an agreement between "Robert comte d’Auvergne et de Boulogne, Béatrix sa femme, Guillaume de Bourbon sire de Bessay, et Mathilde sa femme, lesdites Béatrix et Mathilde filles de Faucon seigneur de Montgascon" and "Guichard sire de Beaujeu" relating to the succession of "Humbert jadis sire de Beaujeu et d’Isabelle sa fille", Béatrix and Mathilde representing "leur grand’mère Béatrix de Beaujeu, qui avait épousé Robert de Mongascon, père dudit Faucon"[732]

4.         MARIE de Bourbon ([1220]-Dreux 24 Aug 1274, bur Braine Saint-Yved).  “Iean comte de Dreux et de Braine” acknowledged receipt of part payment from “Archembaud seigneur de Bourbon” of the dowry for the marriage of “sa seur” by charter dated Apr 1240[733].  “Thibaut roy de Navarre” acted as guarantor for the agreements reached under the marriage contract between “le comte de Dreux” and “Marie seur d’Archembaud seigneur de Bourbon” by charter dated Nov 1242[734].  "Jean comte de Dreux sire de Braine" acknowledged receipt from "Archambaud sire de Bourbon" of the dowry for his marriage with "Marie sœur dudit Archambaud" by charter dated Apr 1243[735].  The necrology of Port-Royal records the death "VIII Kal Sep" of "Marie jadis contesse de Dreux"[736].  An epitaph at Braine Saint-Yved records the death “la vigile saint Barthiemy” 1274 of “Marie comtesse de Dreues fille monseigneur Archembaud de Bourbon” and her burial[737]m ([Apr] 1240) JEAN I Comte de Dreux et de Braine, son of ROBERT III "Gasteblé" Comte de Dreux & his wife Aliénor dame de Saint-Valéry (1215-Nicosia 1249).  

5.         BEATRIX  [Agnès] de Bourbon .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of her brother "Archenbaudus dominus Borbonensis", dated Aug 1248, which appoints "…dominum Beraudum de Mercolio sororium meum…" as his executors[738].  1281.  m (1238) BERAUD [VI] de Mercœur, son of BERAUD [V] Sire de Mercœur & his wife Alix de Chamalières (-1294, bur Lavoûte).  He succeeded his father in 1254 as Sire de Mercœur. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    VICOMTES de CARLAT

 

 

The vicomté of Carlat was located in the area known as “le pays de Carladez” in the south of the county of Auvergne adjoining the county of Rouergue, in the present-day French département of Cantal.  The castle of Carlat was built about 16 kilometres south-east of Aurillac in an impregnable position, dominating the lines of communication between Auvergne and Rouergue, around which a medieval town of some importance developed.  A charter dated to [940] refers to Carlat as a county: “Bernardus” and others, acting as executors of “Garnerii...quondam”, donated property “in villa...Illa Vernia...in comitatu et vicaria Cartelacensi” to Brioude abbey[739].  No reference has been found to any counts at Carlat at any period and it is possible that this isolated example represents a misdescription of the status of Carlat.  A document dated 930, quoted below, refers to a donation of property "in pago Arvernio in ministerio Cartladense", clarifying that Carlat was at that time a subdivision of the county (pagus) of Auvergne.  A similarly imprecise description of the political status is found in the charter dated to 913, also quoted below, under which "Bernardus…et uxor mea…Magalendis" donated property "in patria Arvernica, in aice Carlacensi in villa…illa Scura" to Saint-Julien de Brioude[740].  No reference to a named vicomte de Carlat has been found before the early 11th century, although the names Girbert and Bernard used in the early generations of the family, shown below, suggest that the ancestors of the first vicomte already enjoyed some authority in the area from the early 10th century.  The vicomté of Carlat passed to the vicomtes de Millau by marriage in the mid-11th century. 

 

 

1.         GIRBERT [I] (-before Jul 918).  He is named in the charter dated Jul 918 under which [his son] "Bernardus" donated property to Conques, for the soul of "jenitoris mei Gariberti"[741]m BERTILA, daughter of --- (-[Jul 918/Apr 930]).  She is named in the charter dated Apr [930] under which [her son] "Bernardus" donated property to Conques, for the souls of "genitoris mei Gariberti et genetrice mea Bertillæ"[742].  Girbert [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERNARD [I] (-after [940]).  ["Bernardus…et uxor mea…Magalendis" donated property "in patria Rotinica…Ladimacus…capellam …sanctæ Mariæ vel sancti Petri…[et] in patria Arvernica, in aice Carlacensi in villa…illa Scura" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated “III Id Apr anno vicesimo regnante Carolo rege”, subscribed by "Girberti, Balduini, Siguini, Odiloni, Rigaldi"[743].  The document names "Willelmus…comes, Aquitanorum princeps" who, if identified as Guillaume I “le Pieux” Duke of Aquitaine (died 918) suggests that the dating clause refers to Charles III “le Simple” King of the West Franks whose twentieth regnal year corresponds to 913.]  "Bernardus" donated "in pago Arvernico in aro…Rocolas…vinea mea…Darna" to Conques, for the soul of "jenitoris mei Gariberti", by charter dated Jul 918[744].  "Bernardus" donated property "in pago Arvernio in ministerio Cartladense...æcclesia...Sanciacus...[et] in pago Artintia in ministerio Acteracense...villa...Roaria...villa mea…Monte Meiano…in pago Arvernico in ministerio Cartladense in vicaria Arpajonense…villa…Vidditiosa…mansos…Maurifontes…in ministerio Cartladense…villa…Granigusas…in pago Arvernico in aro…Rocolas…vinea…Darna" to Conques, for the souls of "genitoris mei Gariberti et genetrice mea Bertillæ", by charter dated Apr "anno primo regnante Rodulfo rege" [930][745].  “Bernardus, Berno, Leotardus, Girbertus, Dodonus et Hugo”, acting as executors of “Garnerii...quondam”, donated property “in villa...Illa Vernia...in comitatu et vicaria Cartelacensi” to Brioude abbey by charter dated to [940][746].  [m MAGALENDIS, daughter of --- (-[after 913]).  "Bernardus…et uxor mea…Magalendis" donated property "in patria Rotinica…Ladimacus…capellam …sanctæ Mariæ vel sancti Petri…[et] in patria Arvernica, in aice Carlacensi in villa…illa Scura" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated “III Id Apr anno vicesimo regnante Carolo rege”, subscribed by "Girberti, Balduini, Siguini, Odiloni, Rigaldi"[747].] 

 

2.         GIRBERT [II] (-after 913).  "Bernardus…et uxor mea…Magalendis" donated property "in patria Rotinica…Ladimacus…capellam …sanctæ Mariæ vel sancti Petri…[et] in patria Arvernica, in aice Carlacensi in villa…illa Scura" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter dated “III Id Apr anno vicesimo regnante Carolo rege”, subscribed by "Girberti, Balduini, Siguini, Odiloni, Rigaldi"[748].  If the donor can be identified as Bernard [I], the name of the first subscriber suggests that he was a close relative.  same person as...?  GIRBERT (-after [940]).  “Bernardus, Berno, Leotardus, Girbertus, Dodonus et Hugo”, acting as executors of “Garnerii...quondam”, donated property “in villa...Illa Vernia...in comitatu et vicaria Cartelacensi” to Brioude abbey by charter dated to [940][749].    

 

 

1.         BERNARD [II] (-after Jun [997/1004]).  "Bernardus et uxor mea Ermengarda" donated "manso meo de Brogmo…et…in Monte Pascentio" to Conques by charter dated Jun [997/1004][750]m ERMENGARDE, daughter of --- (-after Jun [997/1004).  "Bernardus et uxor mea Ermengarda" donated "manso meo de Brogmo…et…in Monte Pascentio" to Conques by charter dated Jun [997/1004][751]

 

 

1.         GIRBERT [II] (-before 1030).  Vicomte [de Carlat].  "Deusde sacerdos" donated "alodo meo…in Brogmo, quem Girbertus vicecomes michi dedit" to Conques, for the souls of "Girberti vicecomiti et uxore sua Agnes et filios suos Geraldo et Bernardo et Girberto" by charter dated Mar [997/1031], subscribed by "Agnes et filios suos"[752]m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after Oct [997/1030]).  "Agnes" donated "meo manso de Brogme" to Conques, for the soul of "viro meo Girberto" by charter dated Oct [997/1030][753].  "Deusde sacerdos" donated "alodo meo…in Brogmo, quem Girbertus vicecomes michi dedit" to Conques, for the souls of "Girberti vicecomiti et uxore sua Agnes et filios suos Geraldo et Bernardo et Girberto" by charter dated Mar [997/1031], subscribed by "Agnes et filios suos"[754].  Girbert [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         GERAUD .  "Deusde sacerdos" donated "alodo meo…in Brogmo, quem Girbertus vicecomes michi dedit" to Conques, for the souls of "Girberti vicecomiti et uxore sua Agnes et filios suos Geraldo et Bernardo et Girberto" by charter dated Mar [997/1031], subscribed by "Agnes et filios suos"[755].  "Girbertus et fratres mei Giraldus et Bernardus et Airadus" donated "mansus in Castaniario ubi Bernardus visus est manere" and other property to Conques by charter dated Jun [997/1031][756]

b)         BERNARD .  "Deusde sacerdos" donated "alodo meo…in Brogmo, quem Girbertus vicecomes michi dedit" to Conques, for the souls of "Girberti vicecomiti et uxore sua Agnes et filios suos Geraldo et Bernardo et Girberto" by charter dated Mar [997/1031], subscribed by "Agnes et filios suos"[757].  "Girbertus et fratres mei Giraldus et Bernardus et Airadus" donated "mansus in Castaniario ubi Bernardus visus est manere" and other property to Conques by charter dated Jun [997/1031][758]

c)         GIRBERT .  "Deusde sacerdos" donated "alodo meo…in Brogmo, quem Girbertus vicecomes michi dedit" to Conques, for the souls of "Girberti vicecomiti et uxore sua Agnes et filios suos Geraldo et Bernardo et Girberto" by charter dated Mar [997/1031], subscribed by "Agnes et filios suos"[759].  "Girbertus et fratres mei Giraldus et Bernardus et Airadus" donated "mansus in Castaniario ubi Bernardus visus est manere" and other property to Conques by charter dated Jun [997/1031][760]

d)         AIRAUD .  "Girbertus et fratres mei Giraldus et Bernardus et Airadus" donated "mansus in Castaniario ubi Bernardus visus est manere" and other property to Conques by charter dated Jun [997/1031][761]

 

 

1.         GIRBERT [III] (-after 5 Oct [1048])Vicomte [de Carlat].  "Girbertus vicecomes et uxor mea Nobila et filius meus Bernardus" donated "unum mansum in valle…Sers in loco…Kalahc" to Gellone by charter dated 5 Oct [1031/60] [1048?][762]m NOBILA de Lodève, daughter of HILDUIN Vicomte [de Lodève] & his wife Archimberte --- (-after [1060/71]).  "Girbertus vicecomes et uxor mea Nobila et filius meus Bernardus" donated "unum mansum in valle…Sers in loco…Kalahc" to Gellone by charter dated 5 Oct [1031/60] [1048?][763].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  “Berengarius vicecomes de Cartlato et uxor mea Adila et mater uxoris meæ Nobilis” founded Montsalvy monastery, with the consent of “filii nostri Ricardus, Girbertus, Raimundus”, by charter dated to [1060/71][764].  Girbert & his wife had two children: 

a)         BERNARD [III] (-1050).  "Girbertus vicecomes et uxor mea Nobila et filius meus Bernardus" donated "unum mansum in valle…Sers in loco…Kalahc" to Gellone by charter dated 5 Oct [1031/60] [1048?][765]

b)         ADELA (-after [1060/71]).  “Berengarius vicecomes de Cartlato et uxor mea Adila et mater uxoris meæ Nobilis” founded Montsalvy monastery, with the consent of “filii nostri Ricardus, Girbertus, Raimundus”, by charter dated to [1060/71][766]Vicomtesse de Carlatm (before 1050) BERENGER [II] Vicomte de Millau et de Gévaudan, son of RICHARD Vicomte de Millau et de Rodez & his wife --- (-[1080/5 Jan 1097]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    SEIGNEURS de CROS, VICOMTES de MURAT

 

 

The vicomté of Murat was located west of the town of Saint-Flour in the county of Auvergne, in the present-day French département of Cantal.  The earliest reference to a vicomte de Murat is dated to [1070].  The vicomté passed to Bernard [VII] Comte d’Armagnac before 1413 (“Bernard Comte d’Armagnac” donated property, confiscated and acquired “audit vicomte” during the rebellion 20 Aug 1413, to the consuls of Murat by charter dated 1413[767]), to his son Jean [IV] Comte d’Armagnac (“Jean d’Armagnac” confirmed privileges to the inhabitants of Murat by charter dated 1419[768]) and to Bernard, brother of Jean [IV] by 1425 (the consuls of Murat swore hommage to “Bernard d’Armagnac Vicomte de Murat” by charter dated 1425[769]).  

 

 

1.         GIRBERT .  He is named in the [1070] donation of his son, see below.  m ---.  The name of Girbert’s wife is not known.  Girbert & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-after [1070]).   Vicomte de Murat.  “Guillelmus de Murato Castello vicecomes” donated “ecclesiam...Bredoms...in pago Arvernico” to Bredon, for the souls of “patris mei Girberti et matris meæ et fratris mei Petri”, by charter dated to [1070][770]

b)         PIERRE (-before [1070]).  “Guillelmus de Murato Castello vicecomes” donated “ecclesiam...Bredoms...in pago Arvernico” to Bredon, for the souls of “patris mei Girberti et matris meæ et fratris mei Petri”, by charter dated to [1070][771]

 

 

[Two siblings, parents not identified.]

1.         PIERRE (-after 1150).  Vicomte de Murat.  Pierre vicomte” donated “[le] château et châtellenie de Murat” to “Raymond de Béranger son neveu” by charter dated 1150[772].  

2.         [--- .  Assuming that “neveu” in the extract quoted below can be translated in its strict sense, one of Raymond Bérenger’s parents was the sibling of Vicomte Pierre.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         RAYMOND BERENGER .  “Pierre vicomte” donated “[le] château et châtellenie de Murat” to “Raymond de Béranger son neveu” by charter dated 1150[773].  

 

 

1.         GUY de Cros .  He is named as "P. Guidonis patruus noster" in the charter dated Jul 1213 under which "G…Bituricensis archiepiscopus" reached agreement with "quatuor fratres…Guido decanus Claromontensis…Ademaro de Cros…milite…Geraldus de Cros cum P. de Murat…milite" concerning their inheritance[774]

2.         --- de Crosm ---.  [Four] children: 

a)         ADEMAR [I] de Cros .  "G…Bituricensis archiepiscopus" reached agreement with "quatuor fratres…Guido decanus Claromontensis…Ademaro de Cros…milite…Geraldus de Cros cum P. de Murat…milite" concerning their inheritance, including property held by "P. Guidonis patruus noster", with the consent of "Ademarus de Cros nepos noster filius supradicti Ademari", by charter dated Jul 1213[775]m ---.  The name of Adémar’s wife is not known.  Adémar [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ADEMAR [II] de Cros .  "G…Bituricensis archiepiscopus" reached agreement with "quatuor fratres…Guido decanus Claromontensis…Ademaro de Cros…milite…Geraldus de Cros cum P. de Murat…milite" concerning their inheritance, including property held by "P. Guidonis patruus noster", with the consent of "Ademarus de Cros nepos noster filius supradicti Ademari", by charter dated Jul 1213[776]

b)         GUY de Cros .  Deacon of Clermont.  "G…Bituricensis archiepiscopus" reached agreement with "quatuor fratres…Guido decanus Claromontensis…Ademaro de Cros…milite…Geraldus de Cros cum P. de Murat…milite" concerning their inheritance, including property held by "P. Guidonis patruus noster", with the consent of "Ademarus de Cros nepos noster filius supradicti Ademari", by charter dated Jul 1213[777]

c)         GERARD de Cros (-Rome 7 Jul 1218)Archbishop of Bourges 1208.  "G…Bituricensis archiepiscopus" reached agreement with "quatuor fratres…Guido decanus Claromontensis…Ademaro de Cros…milite…Geraldus de Cros cum P. de Murat…milite" concerning their inheritance, including property held by "P. Guidonis patruus noster", with the consent of "Ademarus de Cros nepos noster filius supradicti Ademari", by charter dated Jul 1213[778].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1217 that “archiepiscopus Geraldus decanus Clarimontensis” succeeded “sanctum Guilelmum” as archbishop of Bourges, but died “in via Romana” nine years later[779]

d)         [PIERRE de Murat .  "G…Bituricensis archiepiscopus" reached agreement with "quatuor fratres…Guido decanus Claromontensis…Ademaro de Cros…milite…Geraldus de Cros cum P. de Murat…milite" concerning their inheritance, including property held by "P. Guidonis patruus noster", with the consent of "Ademarus de Cros nepos noster filius supradicti Ademari", by charter dated Jul 1213[780].  The different geographical epithet suggests that Pierre de Murat may have been the uterine brother of the other three.] 

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Murat (-before 1283)Vicomte de MuratPierre vicomte de Murat” granted exemptions to the inhabitants of Murat by charter dated 1263[781]m [firstly] GAILLARDE de la Tour, daughter of BERNARD [II] Seigneur de la Tour & his [first/second wife Alasie ---/Jeanne de Toulouse] (-1270 or after).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre", undated, names "Gaillardæ filiæ meæ uxori vicecomitis de Murat et Margaritæ filiæ meæ uxore Geraldi de Rochafort"[782].  The testament of "Bertrandus de Turre canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1280, appoints "Bertrandum dominum de Turre nepotem meum filium quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam fratris mei" as his heir, default to "…Guillelmum vicecomitem de Murato nepotem meum in tota terra mea de Chastres…"[783].  [m secondly (before 1273) MARQUISE, daughter of ---.  “Marcaise femme de Pierre vicomte de Murat” swore hommage to “Henry comte de Rodès à cause de son vicomté de Carladès” for “[le] château de Murat, vicomté, terres et seigneuries” by charter dated 1273[784].]  Pierre & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Murat (-after 1293).  The testament of "Bertrandus de Turre canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1280, appoints "Bertrandum dominum de Turre nepotem meum filium quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam fratris mei" as his heir, default to "…Guillelmum vicecomitem de Murato nepotem meum in tota terra mea de Chastres…"[785]Vicomte de Murat.  “Guill. vicomte de Murat” confirmed privileges to the inhabitants of the town of Murat by charter dated 1283[786].  A charter dated 1 Jun 1283 records an agreement between “Guillaume vicomte de Murat” and “Henry...comte de Rodez” relating to the possessions of the vicomté of Murat and the terms of the hommage owed[787].  A charter dated 1293 confirmed privileges granted by “Pierre vicomte [de] Murat...père à Guillaume” to the inhabitants of Murat and confirmed by “ledit Guillaume[788]

 

 

1.         BEGON (-after 1320).  Vicomte de Murat.  “Begon vicomte” granted rights to the inhabitants of Murat by charter dated 1320[789].  

 

2.         GUILLAUME de Cardaillac (-after 1367).  He presumably succeeded to the vicomté of Murat through a marriage with the heiress, maybe related to Begon Vicomte de Murat.  Vicomte de Murat.  “Guill. de Cardalhac vicomte de Murat” confirmed all the privileges granted to the inhabitants of Murat by “Begon vicomte de Murat” by charter dated 1367[790].  

 

3.         PONS de Cardaillac (-after 1400).  Vicomte de Murat.  A charter dated 1373 records an agreement between “Pons de Cardalhac” and the consuls of Murat relating to “les habitants de Holdebalz, des Falcilhoux et des Barres[791].  “Pons vicomte” confirmed obligations of “les Oldebalz, Faucilhoux et les Barres” by charter dated 1373[792].  A charter dated 1400 records an agreement between “Pons vicomte de Murat” and the consuls of Murat[793]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    SEIGNEURS de JALIGNY

 

The seigneurie de Jaligny was inherited by the seigneurs de Chaumont-sur-Loire (of the family of the seigneurs d’Amboise, see CENTRAL FRANCE NOBILITY) in the early 12th century, and passed to the seigneurs de Châtillon-en-Bazois in the county of Nevers (see BURGUNDY DUCHY NOBILITY) in the mid-13th century. 

 

 

1.         ELDIN de Jalignym ---.  The name of Eldin’s wife is not known.  Eldin & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Jaligny Seigneur de JalignyThe Gesta Ambaziensium names "Willelmo Jalinacensi domino filio Uldini Barbæ" as the second husband of "Ermengardim filiam Archembaudi Fortis de Borbono"[794].  Presumed relatives of this Jaligny family are named in a charter dated 1056 under which "Falco de Ialiniaco" donated property to Tournus abbey "per manum domni Willelmi fratris mei", with the consent of "uxore mea Beatrice…filiis meis Gulferio atque Itherio", subscribed by "Armanni monachi filii vicecomitis de Polognac…"[795]m as her second husband, ERMENGARDE de Bourbon, divorced wife of FOULQUES IV "le Réchin" Comte d'Anjou, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD [IV] "le Fort" Sire de Bourbon & his wife Béliarde ---.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavensium names "Ermengardim filiam Archenbaldi Fortis de Borbone" as second wife of "Fulco Rechin", recording that he divorced her[796].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavensium names her second husband "Guillelmo Jalinniaci ortam" when recording the marriage of her daughter by this second marriage[797].  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Willelmo Jalinacensi domino filio Uldini Barbæ" as the second husband of "Ermengardim filiam Archembaudi Fortis de Borbono"[798].  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

i)          ELDIN de Jaligny .  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Uldinum et Elizabeth" as the children of "Willelmo Jalinacensi domino" & his wife[799].  Seigneur de Jaligny.  The Gesta Ambaziensium records that, after the death of "Oldinus dominus Jalinniaci frater Elisabeth", "Archembaudus de Borbonio filius Haimonis" confiscated the castle of Jaligny[800]

ii)         ELISABETH de Jaligny (-12 Oct 1154, bur Pontlevoy).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavensium records that "Gosfridum Martellum" arranged the marriage of "Elisabeth sororem suam ex matre sua et Guillelmo Jalinniaci ortam" and "Hugoni de Calvo Monte" and gave "Ambaziacum" as her dowry[801], although this contradicts the Gesta Ambaziensium which records that Amboise came into the family with the mother of Sulpice [I].  “Hugo filius Sulpicii de Caluomonte” relinquished claims to “domum apud Blesis” in favour of Marmoutier, with the consent of “Elysabeth uxor ipsius Hugonis...et Sulpitius filius eius”, in the presence of “...Hugo filius Ebrardi de Ambaziaco...”, by charter dated 1108[802].  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Elisabeth sororem suam [Uldini]" as the wife of "Hugonis…Supplicium primogenitum"[803]m ([1103]) HUGUES [I] de Chaumont, son of SULPICE [I] Seigneur d'Amboise & his wife Denise [de Fougères] (-Jerusalem 24 Jul [1129/30], bur Jerusalem Mount Olives). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    SIRES de MERCŒUR

 

 

 

1.         ITIER (-955).  895.  906.  911.  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny for the souls of "…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[804]m ARSENDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  911.  Itier & his wife had four children: 

a)         BERAUD [I] (-987).  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny for the souls of "…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[805]

-        see below

b)         ETIENNE de Mezenc .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

c)         NIZIER (-after Feb [955]).  "Beraldus filius Hicterii et Arsendæ et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Arvernico in vicaria Radicatensi…[et] ecclesiam in villa…Mercoria…et…Raseles" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, naming "fratres meos Nicedio et Walterio…Eustorgius filius meus…Odilo filius noster", by charter dated Feb [955/86][806]

d)         GAUTHIER (-after Feb [955]).  "Beraldus filius Hicterii et Arsendæ et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Arvernico in vicaria Radicatensi…[et] ecclesiam in villa…Mercoria…et…Raseles" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, naming "fratres meos Nicedio et Walterio…Eustorgius filius meus…Odilo filius noster", by charter dated Feb [955/86][807]

2.         GOLFAD (-930).  Monk at Brioude.  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" donated property, including "…Montaniacus…ex hereditate Golfadi avunculi nostri", to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[808]

3.         JOSEPH (-[956]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Provost at Brioude. 

 

 

BERAUD [I], son of ITIER & his wife Arsende --- (-987).  "Beraldus filius Hicterii et Arsendæ et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Arvernico in vicaria Radicatensi…[et] ecclesiam in villa…Mercoria…et…Raseles" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, naming "fratres meos Nicedio et Walterio…Eustorgius filius meus…Odilo filius noster", by charter dated Feb [955/86][809].  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny for the souls of "…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[810]

m GERBERGE, daughter of --- (-after [990]).  "Beraldus filius Hicterii et Arsendæ et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Arvernico in vicaria Radicatensi…[et] ecclesiam in villa…Mercoria…et…Raseles" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, naming "fratres meos Nicedio et Walterio…Eustorgius filius meus…Odilo filius noster", by charter dated Feb [955/86][811].  "Girberjane matris eius…" subscribed the charter dated to [990] under which "Odilo filius Beraldi" donated property to Cluny for the burial of "fratris nostri Hicterii"[812].  She became a nun at Autun[813]

Beraud [I] & his wife had eleven children: 

1.         BLISMODE (-after 14 Sep 1025).  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny on the advice of "sororum nostrarum domine…Blismodis…abbatisse et Aldegardis secundum speculum nobilissime matrone" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[814].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Saint-Pierre-les-Chases [1025].  m ALBUIN, son of ---.  [1023/24].  Albuin & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALBUIN HILDEGAIRE .  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum…domno Hildegario supradicte ecclesie clerico et canonico…" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[815].  Provost at Le Puy cathedral 1026. 

2.         ETIENNE [I] (-1024).  "…Stephani et Eboni et Beraldi et Bertramni fratrum eius…" subscribed the charter dated to [990] under which "Odilo filius Beraldi" donated property to Cluny for the burial of "fratris nostri Hicterii"[816]

-        see below

3.         EBBON (-[1023]).  "…Stephani et Eboni et Beraldi et Bertramni fratrum eius…" subscribed the charter dated to [990] under which "Odilo filius Beraldi" donated property to Cluny for the burial of "fratris nostri Hicterii"[817].  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[818]m ---.  The name of Ebbon's wife is not known.  Ebbon & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERAUD .  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum…Beraldo quoque supradicti fratris mei Ebonis filio…" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025, subscribed by "nepotum suorum Stephani…Beraldi, alterius Beraldi, iterumque tercii Beraldi, Aldigerii, Wilelmi, Odilonis…"[819].  [1023/24]. 

4.         GUILLAUME [I] (-before 990).  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[820]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME [II] .  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum…Wilelmo etiam filio quondam fratris mei Wilelmi et filiis eius Geraldo etiam et Rotberto, Beraldo, Odilone et Hicterio" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[821]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume [II] & his wife had five children: 

i)          GERAUD .  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum…Wilelmo etiam filio quondam fratris mei Wilelmi et filiis eius Geraldo etiam et Rotberto, Beraldo, Odilone et Hicterio" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[822]

ii)         ROBERT .  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum…Wilelmo etiam filio quondam fratris mei Wilelmi et filiis eius Geraldo etiam et Rotberto, Beraldo, Odilone et Hicterio" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[823]

iii)        BERAUD .  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum…Wilelmo etiam filio quondam fratris mei Wilelmi et filiis eius Geraldo etiam et Rotberto, Beraldo, Odilone et Hicterio" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[824]

iv)       ODILON .  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum…Wilelmo etiam filio quondam fratris mei Wilelmi et filiis eius Geraldo etiam et Rotberto, Beraldo, Odilone et Hicterio" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[825].  Abbot of Brêmé, Turin diocese. 

v)        ITIER .  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum…Wilelmo etiam filio quondam fratris mei Wilelmi et filiis eius Geraldo etiam et Rotberto, Beraldo, Odilone et Hicterio" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[826]

5.         ITIER (-[989/90], bur Cluny).  "Odilo filius Beraldi" donated property to Cluny for the burial of "fratris nostri Hicterii" by charter dated [990][827].  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[828]

6.         EUSTORGE (-before 990).  "Beraldus filius Hicterii et Arsendæ et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Arvernico in vicaria Radicatensi…[et] ecclesiam in villa…Mercoria…et…Raseles" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, naming "fratres meos Nicedio et Walterio…Eustorgius filius meus…Odilo filius noster", by charter dated Feb [955/86][829].  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[830]m BLITIARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Eustorge & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [ODILO .  "Nepotum suorum Stephani…Beraldi, alterius Beraldi, iterumque tercii Beraldi, Aldigerii, Wilelmi, Odilonis…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Sep 1025 under which "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" donated property to Cluny[831].  The document does not name the parents of Odilo but it is possible that his father was Eustorge.] 

7.         ALDEGARDE (-after 14 Sep 1025).  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny on the advice of "sororum nostrarum domine…Blismodis…abbatisse et Aldegardis secundum speculum nobilissime matrone" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[832]m PIERRE de Solignac (-before 1025).  Pierre & his wife had [two possible children]: 

a)         [BERAUD .  "Nepotum suorum Stephani…Beraldi, alterius Beraldi, iterumque tercii Beraldi, Aldigerii, Wilelmi, Odilonis…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Sep 1025 under which "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" donated property to Cluny[833].  The document does not name the parents of three nephews named Berard, but it is possible that one of them was the son of Odilo's sister Aldegarde.] 

b)         [ALDIGAIRE .  "Nepotum suorum Stephani…Beraldi, alterius Beraldi, iterumque tercii Beraldi, Aldigerii, Wilelmi, Odilonis…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Sep 1025 under which "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" donated property to Cluny[834].  The document does not name the parents of Aldigaire, but his name suggests that he may have been the son of Odilo's sister Aldegarde.] 

8.         ODILON (Saint-Cirgues 962-Souvigny 1 Jan 1049).  "Beraldus filius Hicterii et Arsendæ et uxor mea Girberga" donated property "in comitatu Arvernico in vicaria Radicatensi…[et] ecclesiam in villa…Mercoria…et…Raseles" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, naming "fratres meos Nicedio et Walterio…Eustorgius filius meus…Odilo filius noster", by charter dated Feb [955/86][835].  Monk at Brioude 980.  Monk at Cluny after 987.  Abbot of Saint-Vesy-du-Puy.  Abbot of Cluny 990.  "Odilo filius Beraldi" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Brivatense in vicaria de Aurato in villa…Saraciacus" to Cluny for the burial of "fratris nostri Hicterii" with the consent of "matre mea et fratribus meis Stephano…Eboni, Beraldo, Bertranno" by charter dated to [990], subscribed by "Girberjane matris eius, Stephani et Eboni et Beraldi et Bertramni fratrum eius, Berald, Rotbert, Gizfret, Vuanni, Bernardi, Maroni, Gualterii, Guitberti"[836].  Prior of Saint-Flour [1025].  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum, domno…Stephano Aniciensis ecclesie preposito et eius fratre Beraldo, et domno Hildegario supradicte ecclesie clerico et canonico, Beraldo quoque supradicti fratris mei Ebonis filio, Wilelmo etiam filio quondam fratris mei Wilelmi et filiis eius Geraldo etiam et Rotberto, Beraldo, Odilone et Hicterio" donated property, including "…Montaniacus…ex hereditate Golfadi avunculi nostri", to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" on the advice of "sororum nostrarum domine…Blismodis…abbatisse et Aldegardis secundum speculum nobilissime matrone" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025, subscribed by "nepotum suorum Stephani…Beraldi, alterius Beraldi, iterumque tercii Beraldi, Aldigerii, Wilelmi, Odilonis…"[837].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Kal Jan" of "domnus Odilo abbas"[838]

9.         BERAUD (-Feb 1021).  "…Stephani et Eboni et Beraldi et Bertramni fratrum eius…" subscribed the charter dated to [990] under which "Odilo filius Beraldi" donated property to Cluny for the burial of "fratris nostri Hicterii"[839].  Provost at Le Puy cathedral before 1001.  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[840]

10.      BERTRAND (-[1023]).  "…Stephani et Eboni et Beraldi et Bertramni fratrum eius…" subscribed the charter dated to [990] under which "Odilo filius Beraldi" donated property to Cluny for the burial of "fratris nostri Hicterii"[841].  Monk.  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[842]

11.      ITIER (after [989/90]-after 14 Sep 1025).  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[843]

 

 

ETIENNE [I], son of BERAUD [I] & his wife Gerberge --- (-1024).  "…Stephani et Eboni et Beraldi et Bertramni fratrum eius…" subscribed the charter dated to [990] under which "Odilo filius Beraldi" donated property to Cluny for the burial of "fratris nostri Hicterii"[844].  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis…" donated property to Cluny in memory of "fratres mei…Beraldus, Aniciensis ecclesie prepositus et Bertrannus et domnus Stephanus honorabilis senior et vir bone simplicitatis Ebo" and for their souls and those of "aliorum fratrum suorum Hicterii, Eustorgii, Wilelmi et Hicterii…quoque patris eorum Beraldi et eius genitoris Hicterii" by charter dated 14 Sep 1025[845]

m ---.  The name of Etienne's wife is not known. 

Etienne [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         BERAUD [II] (-[1050]).  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum, domno…Stephano Aniciensis ecclesie preposito et eius fratre Beraldo…" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025, subscribed by "nepotum suorum Stephani…Beraldi, alterius Beraldi, iterumque tercii Beraldi, Aldigerii, Wilelmi, Odilonis…"[846]m AUXILLE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Beraud [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ETIENNE [II] (-before 1073).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m V---, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Etienne [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          ETIENNE [III] (-1100).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Sire de Mercœurm ---.  The name of Etienne's wife is not known.  Etienne [III] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       ODILON (-26 Aug 1149, bur Oulx).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

-         see below.   

(b)       ETIENNE (-[25 Mar] 1146).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbot of La Chaise-Dieu 1111/1146. 

(c)       PIERRE .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk.   

ii)         ODILON .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Deacon at Brioude 1100. 

b)         PIERRE (-Genoa 13 Jul 1073, bur La Voûte-Chilhac)The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Le Puy 1073. 

c)         [ITIER .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur de Bouzols.] 

-        SEIGNEURS de BOUZOLS[847]

2.         ETIENNE de Mercœur (-1052 or after).  "Cluniensis monasterii monachus et presbiter Odilo" with "nepotibus meis filiis fratrum meorum et sororum mearum, domno…Stephano Aniciensis ecclesie preposito et eius fratre Beraldo…" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 14 Sep 1025, subscribed by "nepotum suorum Stephani…Beraldi, alterius Beraldi, iterumque tercii Beraldi, Aldigerii, Wilelmi, Odilonis…"[848].  Provost at Le Puy cathedral 1021/26.  Monk at Sauxillanges.  Bishop of Le Puy 1029/1052. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise specified below. 

 

ODILON, son of ETIENNE [III] Sire de Mercœur & his wife --- (-26 Aug 1149, bur Oulx).  Canon at Oulx, after his wife died. 

m ---.  The name of Odilon's wife is not known. 

Odilon & his wife had four children: 

1.         BERAUD [III] (-before 1169)Sire de Mercœur.  "Stephanus prepositus Podiensis et frater eius Beraldus Mercoriensis" donated property to Oulx, for the soul of "patris Odilonis Mercoriensis", by charter dated to before 1151[849]m ---.  The name of Béraud’s wife is not known.  Secondary sources state that Judith d'Auvergne, daughter of Guillaume [VIII] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Anne de Nevers.  Baluze traces this hypothesis to a source printed in 1665 but is sceptical whether it is correct[850].  Beraud [III] & his wife had four children: 

a)         BERAUD [IV] (-[1200])Sire de Mercœurm ASSALIDE d'Auvergne, daughter of GUILLAUME [VII] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife second Marquise d'Albon.  The Vies des Poëtes Provençaux by Jean de Nostre Dame records that "le dauphin d’Auvergne" had "une sœur…Nassal de Claustre…femme de Beral de Mercuir grand baron d’Auvergne" and that "Peyre del Vernegue chevalier seigneur dudit lieu" was in love with her[851].  Beraud [IV] & his wife had five children: 

i)          BERAUD [V] (-22 Dec 1254)Sire de MercœurVicomte de Gévaudan.  Constable of Auvergne 1229/35. 

-         see below

ii)         ODILONm ELIPS [Azalais] d'Anduze, daughter of BERNARD [VII] Sire d'Anduze & his wife --- (-before 1227). 

iii)        AYMERIC .  Prior of Saint-Fleur 1232/1241.  Abbot of Mozat. 

iv)       ETIENNE .  Prior at Thoret 1252. 

v)        RAYMOND .  Prior at Chamalières-sur-Loire 1212/19. 

b)         ODILON (-1202).  Deacon at Brioude 1173.  Bishop of Le Puy 1197. 

c)         GUILLAUME .  Provost at Brioude 1164/69.  Monk at Lérins 1171/72. 

d)         ETIENNE .  1170/90. 

2.         ETIENNE (-27 Jan [1175]).  "Stephanus prepositus Podiensis et frater eius Beraldus Mercoriensis" donated property to Oulx, for the soul of "patris Odilonis Mercoriensis", by charter dated to before 1151[852].  Provost at Le Puy cathedral.  Bishop of Clermont 1150, resigned 1169.  Monk at Lérins 1171. 

3.         ALBERT

4.         ODILON .  Provost at Brioude 1136/1137. 

 

 

BERAUD [V] de Mercœur, son of BERAUD [IV] Sire de Mercœur & his wife Assalide d’Auvergne (-22 Dec 1254)Sire de Mercœur.  Vicomte de Gévaudan.  Constable of Auvergne 1229/35. 

m ALIX de Chamalières, daughter of ---. 

Béraud [V] & his wife had four children: 

1.         BERAUD [VI] (-1294, bur Lavoûte)Sire de Mercœur"Béraud sire de Mercœur et Béraud sire de Mercœur son petit-fils" established "le château d’Ussel" as dower for "Isabelle de Forez future épouse de Béraud de Mercœur", with the consent of "Blanche sa mère", by charter dated 21 May 1290[853]m (1238) BEATRIX [Agnès] de Bourbon, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD [VIII] de Bourbon [Dampierre] & his wife Beatrix de Montluçon.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of her brother "Archenbaudus dominus Borbonensis", dated Aug 1248, which appoints "…dominum Beraudum de Mercolio sororium meum…" as his executors[854].  Béraud [VI] & his wife had nine children: 

a)         BERAUD [VII] (-1278).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1290 under which "Johannes comes Forensis adultus" agreed with "Beraldo de Mercorio nepoti…domini Beraldi domini Mercorii filioque quondam domino Beraldi de Mercorio, filii quondam ipsius domini Mercorio" the dowry of "Yzabelle sponsa sua sororeque ipsius comitis et filia quondam…Guidonis quondam comitis Forensis"[855]Sire de Mercœurm (1268) as her second husband, BLANCHE de Salins, widow of GUICHARD [VI] Seigneur de Beaujeu, daughter of JEAN [I] "le Sage" Comte de Chalon [Bourgogne-Comté] & his second wife Isabelle de Courtenay (-[18 Aug 1302/Jul 1304], bur Lyon couvent de la Déserte).  “Jehans cuens de Bourgoigne et sires de Salins” granted “Rochefort, Saint-Juliain, Orgelet et Valnantois” to “es enfanz que nous avons de…Ysabel…Johan, Estevenet et Perrenin…dame Blanche dame de Biaujuel”, by charter dated 25 Mar 1263[856].  A charter dated [1/28] Nov 1282 records an agreement between the monks of Cluny and "Ludovicum dominum Bellijoci", and names “dominam Blanchiam, relictam domini Guichardi, quondam domini Bellijoci[857].  "Blanche de Châlon dame de Belleville, veuve de Guichard sire de Beaujeu et ensuite de Béraud de Mercœur fils de Béraud de Mercœur" donated property to the frères mineurs de Villefranche by charter dated Jun 1282[858].  "Béraud sire de Mercœur et Béraud sire de Mercœur son petit-fils" established "le château d’Ussel" as dower for "Isabelle de Forez future épouse de Béraud de Mercœur", with the consent of "Blanche sa mère", by charter dated 21 May 1290[859].  Béraud [VII] & his wife had three children: 

i)          BERAUD [VIII] ([1272]-[16 Apr 1320/5 Apr 1321], bur Lyon couvent de la Déserte)His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1290 under which "Johannes comes Forensis adultus" agreed with "Beraldo de Mercorio nepoti…domini Beraldi domini Mercorii filioque quondam domino Beraldi de Mercorio, filii quondam ipsius domini Mercorio" the dowry of "Yzabelle sponsa sua sororeque ipsius comitis et filia quondam…Guidonis quondam comitis Forensis"[860]Sire de Mercœur.  Connétable de Champagne 1305.  The testament of "Beraudus dominus de Mercorio miles", dated May 1314, requests burial "civitatem Lugdunensem et locum de Deserta…cum matre mea domina Blanchia de Cabilone quondam domina de Bellavilla", bequeathed "castrum meo de Uffello in Borbonio" to "primogenito filio…consanguinei mei quondam Guillelmi de Mercorio, quondam domini de Gerziaco", bequeathed "terra…in Campania et in castro Uyzel et in Borbonio" to "Ysabellæ uxori meæ", and names "avunculus meus dominus Odilo de Mercorio olim præpositus ecclesiæ Brivatensis…consanguineum meum dominum Johannem comitem de Joigniaco…Johannem Delphini consanguineum meum filium domini Roberti comitis Claromontensis…consanguineum meum dominum Guillelmu de Pictavia militem…dominum Armandum vicecomitem de Poloignac…", and appoints "consanguineum meum dominum Poncium de Podompniaco decanum Brivatensem" as one of his executors[861]Betrothed (31 Mar 1289) to ISABELLE de Savoie, daughter of LOUIS [I] de Savoie Baron de Vaud & his second wife Jeanne de Montfort[-l'Amaury] (-[Apr 1289/May 1290]).  The contract of marriage between "Beraldo Signore di Mercoeur" and "Isabella di Savoia figlia del fu Lodovico di Savoia Signore di Vaud di Gioanna di Monfort sua seconda Moglie" is dated 31 Mar 1289[862].  It is assumed that Isabelle was one of her parents’ older children, who died before the birth of her younger sister of the same name.  m (1 Jun 1290) ISABELLE de Forez, daughter of GUY [VI] Comte de Forez & his wife Jeanne de Montfort ([1273/May 1275]-after 29 Jan 1337, bur Montbrison).  The first testament of "G. comes Forensis" is dated 29 May 1275, chooses his burial "in ecclesia beatæ Mariæ Montisbrisonis", names "Isabellam filiam meam" as his heir, and names "consanguinei domini Humberti de Bellojoco, militis, domini Montis Penserii et conestabuli Franciæ…Joannæ…uxoris meæ…Ludovicum fratrem meum"[863].  The second testament of "G. comes Forensis" is dated Nov 1277, names "Johannem filium meum" as his heir, and names "Ysabellam filiam meam…Loram filiam meam…Johannæ uxoris meæ et tutorum liberorum meorum"[864].  "Johannes comes Forensis adultus" agreed with "Beraldo de Mercorio nepoti…domini Beraldi domini Mercorii filioque quondam domino Beraldi de Mercorio, filii quondam ipsius domini Mercorio" the dowry of "Yzabelle sponsa sua sororeque ipsius comitis et filia quondam…Guidonis quondam comitis Forensis" by charter dated Jun 1290[865].  The testament of "Gioanna di Monfort Contessa di Forest Moglie di Ludovico de Savoia Signore di Vaud" dated Nov 1293 makes bequests to "a Gioanni di lei figlio Conte di Forest…ad Isabella di Lei figlia moglie di Berardo di Merevel…a Lora…"[866].  The first testament of "dominæ Isabellæ de Foresio domine de Mercorio" is dated 7 Mar 1331, chooses her burial "in domo Fratrum Minorem Montisbrisonis, in tumulo…matris meæ", and appoints "nepotem meum dominum Guiotum de Foresio primogenitum…fratris mei comitis Forensis" as her heir[867]

ii)         GUILLAUME (-after 1285).  Canon at Mende. 

iii)        ALIXENDE (-23 Sep 1336)Dame de Mercœurm as his second wife, JEAN [II] “Blondel” Comte de Joigny, son of JEAN [I] Comte de Joigny & his wife Marie de Mercœur (-1324).  A charter dated 27 Mar 1321 records the settlement of a dispute between "le comte de Joigny" and "Jean Delphin d’Auvergne…Guillaume de Poitiers pour luy pour Beatrix, Florie, Alisans ses seurs, et Monsieur Etienne dou Vissac ou nom…de Alaiz sa femme seur dudit Guillaume" concerning the succession of "Monsieur Beraut de Marqueil"[868]

b)         ODILON (-after 9 Jun 1290).  "Odilon de Mercœur prévôt de Brioude, seigneur des châteaux de Salgue et de Murs" acknowledged that "Béraud sire de Mercœur chevalier son père" had donated all his property "à son petit-fils Béraud de Mercœur, à l’occasion du mariage de celui-ci avec Isabelle de Forez", by charter dated 9 Jun 1290[869]

c)         ALIXENDE (-15 Jul 1286, bur Clermont Saint-André).  The marriage contract between "Beraudus dominus de Mercolio…Alixent filia sua" and "Eraclius de Montelauro junior…Ponceto filio suo" is dated 16 Dec [1257], and names "domina Margarita mater dicti Heraclii…Eraclius et Poncius et Guido fratres predicti"[870].  The marriage contract between "Aymarus de Pictavia comes Valentinensis" and "domino Beraldo de Mercorio…Alixent filiæ" is dated 1 Mar 1267 (O.S.) and Apr 1268[871].  A charter dated 9 Sep 1278 records an agreement between "dominum Beraldum dominum Mercorii et Alixent eius filiam relictam…Ademari de Pictavia quondam comitis Valentinensis" and "Ademarum de Pictavia comitem Valentinensim filium dicti Ademari quondam et Guillelmum de Castronovo domicellum dominum de Laupia" concerning the guardianship of "Guillelmi de Pictavia dictæ Alixent et prædicti Ademari de Pictavia quondam comitis Valentinensis filii communis"[872].  The testament of "Alixens comitissa Claromontensis", dated Jun 1286, appoints "Guillelmum et Johannem filios meos" as her heirs, makes bequests to "Delphinæ filiæ meæ", and chooses burial "in monasterio sancti Andreæ Claromontensis"[873].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 15 Jul 1286 of "Alixens comitissa Claromontensis"[874]m firstly (contract 16 Dec 1256, separated) PONS de Montlaur, son of --- (-[10 Oct/10 Dec] 1274).  m secondly (contract 1 Mar and Apr 1268) AYMAR [III] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois, son of GUILLAUME de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois & his wife Flotte de Royans (-[6 May/17 Jun] 1277, bur Bonlieu).  m thirdly (1279) ROBERT [III] de Clermont, son of ROBERT [II] Comte de Clermont & his wife Mathilde d’Auvergne (-7 Mar 1324). 

d)         BEATRIX (-before 3 May 1272)m (1251) ARMAND [V] Vicomte de Polignac, son of PONS Vicomte de Polignac & his wife Alix de Trainel (-before 11 Jan 1274). 

e)         MARIE (-1297 or after).  “Jehan cuens de Jougny et...Marie comtesse de Jougny femme de ce dit Jehan” confirmed the disenfranchisement of the inhabitants of Coulanges-les-Vineuses et la Baroche by charter dated 1279, which names “Humbert de Biaujey connestable de France, sieur de Montpencier et de Sainct-Morise et...Isabeau connestablesse de France jadis contesse de Jougny, et...Berault de Marcuil père de ladite Marie contesse de Jougny nostre femme...et...monseignour de Chasteau-Villain nostre oncle[875]m (before 1279) JEAN [II] Comte de Joigny, son of GUILLAUME [III] Comte de Joigny & his first wife Agnes de Châteauvillain (-killed in battle 1283). 

f)          ISABELLE (-after 1269, bur Val-le-Roy)m JEAN [III] Comte de Roucy, son of JEAN [II] Comte de Roucy [Pierrepont] & his second wife Marie de Dammartin (-1282, bur Val-le-Roy). 

2.         GUILLAUME (-[1238]).  Seigneur de Gerzat et de Planchat.  m ALESIE de Ventadour, daughter of EBLES [V] Vicomte de Ventadour & his second wife Marie de Turenne (-17 May, before Nov 1250).  She married secondly (1238) Robert [I] Comte de Clermont

-        SEIGNEURS de GERZAT[876]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    SEIGNEURS de MONTAIGU

 

 

Audigier identifies the base of this family as Montaigu-sur-Champeix "à quatre lieues de Clermont"[877].  I am grateful to Bert M. Kamp for pointing me in the right direction to locate sources relating to this family[878]

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Montaigu [sur Champeix, en Auvergne] .  m ALIX [Alasie], daughter of ---.  She and her husband are named as parents of Guérin de Montaigu by Audigier, who also names five of the couple’s other children, but unfortunately he cites no primary sources[879].  Pierre & his wife had [eight] children: 

a)         PIERRE de Montaigu (-killed in battle Mansurah 1250). 

b)         EUSTORGE de Montaigu (-1239).  Archbishop of Nicosia.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis…niece dou maistre dou Temple, frere Pierre de Montagu, et de l'arcevesque Estorgue, et d'Engerant qui fu baron d'Eschive qui puis fu feme dou seignor de Baruth" as wife of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife[880].  William of Tyre (Continuator) names "Estorgue arcevesque de Nicosie" among those present at a parliament held at Acre, dated to 1217[881].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1239 of "archiepiscopus Nichosiensis in Cypro Eustorgius, qui fratrem habuit Fulconem Limiconiensem episcopum"[882]

c)         FOULQUES de Montaigu .  Bishop of Lidda.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1239 of "archiepiscopus Nichosiensis in Cypro Eustorgius, qui fratrem habuit Fulconem Limiconiensem episcopum"[883]

d)         BERNARD de Montaigu (-23 Feb 1248)Bishop of Le Puy 1236.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that “episcopo Roberto de Podio” was killed in 1219 and succeeded by “Bernardus de Monteacuto nepos ex fratre Eustorgii de Alvernia Nichosiensis archiepiscopi et episcopi Limicionensis Fulconis et fratris Fulconis et fratris Petri magistri Templarorum et fratris Garini magistri Hospitaliorum[884]

e)         PIERRE de Montaigu (-1232).  Grand Master of the Order of the Temple 1219.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis…niece dou maistre dou Temple, frere Pierre de Montagu, et de l'arcevesque Estorgue, et d'Engerant qui fu baron d'Eschive qui puis fu feme dou seignor de Baruth" as wife of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife[885].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Frere Pierre de Montagu…maistre dou Temple" remained in Palestine when Jean King of Jerusalem sent emissaries, including "le maistre de l’Ospital frere Garin de Mont Agu", to Emperor Friedrich II, dated to 1223[886].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "le maistre dou Temple Pierre de Mont Agu" resisted Emperor Friedrich II, dated to 1229[887]

f)          GUERIN de Montaigu (-[26] Mar 1228).  Grand Master of the Order of St John of Jerusalem.  William of Tyre (Continuator) names "Garin de Mont Agu maistre de Saint Johan" among those present at a parliament held at Acre, dated to 1217[888].  Matthew Paris records that “Johannes de Brennes rex Jerusalem et magister superioris Hospitalis fratrum Jerusalem” visited England “circa octavas Apostolorum Petri et Pauli” to seek help for the relief of “Terræ Sanctæ[889].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that Jean King of Jerusalem sent emissaries, including "le maistre de l’Ospital frere Garin de Mont Agu", to Emperor Friedrich II, dated to 1223[890].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records the death at Easter 1228 "a Saete" of "li maistres de l’Ospital Garin de Mont Agu"[891]

g)         [GERARD de Montaigu (-killed in battle Cyprus [Jun] 1229).  The sources are contradictory as to whether Gérard was the son or grandson of Pierre de Montaigu.  One manuscript of the Lignages d'Outremer names "Girart le nevou de l'arcevesque Estorgue" as husband of "Eschive" daughter of "Gautier de Monbeliart" and his wife Bourgogne[892].  Another manuscript of the same source names "Aalis…niece dou maistre dou Temple, frere Pierre de Montagu, et de l'arcevesque Estorgue, et d'Engerant [error for Gerard] qui fu baron d'Eschive qui puis fu feme dou seignor de Baruth" as wife of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife[893].  If he was the son of Pierre, the estimated date of birth of his wife, assuming that the couple were of similar age, suggests that Gérard must have been one of his parents’ younger sons.  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Geraut de Mont Agu" held land from his father-in-law in Cyprus and was killed there during the early part of the civil war[894]m as her first husband, ESCHIVA de Montfaucon, daughter of GAUTHIER de Montbéliard, bailli of Jerusalem, Regent of Cyprus & his wife Bourgogne of Cyprus ([1206/12]-after Apr 1239).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive" as the daughter of "Gautier de Monbeliart" and his wife "Borgoigne", stating that she was the wife of "mesire Belleem, le seignor de Baruth"[895].  Another manuscript of the Lignages d'Outremer names "Girart le nevou de l'arcevesque Estorgue" as husband of "Eschive" daughter of "Gautier de Monbeliart" and his wife Bourgogne[896].  William of Tyre (Continuator) names her, her father and (first) husband "Geraut de Mont Agu" when recording the death of the last-named[897].  She married secondly ([1229/30], declared void 1231, dispensation before 20 Apr 1239[898]) Balian Ibelin Lord of Beirut.  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare names "dame Eschive de Monbeliart" as wife of "sire Balyan d'Ybelin, fis de monseignor de Baruth"[899].  The archbishop of Nicosia objected to her second marriage on grounds of consanguinity and excommunicated the couple.  He was, however, expelled from Cyprus and sought refuge at Acre, before the necessary dispensation was eventually granted[900].  Pope Gregory IX instructed the archbishop of Nicosia to excommunicate "nobilis vir B[alianus] filius domini Beritensis cum nobili muliere E[chiva] filia quondam nobilis viri G[ualterii] de Montebeliardo, nobilis viri G[erardi] de Monteacuto relicta" on grounds of their 3o and 4o consanguinity, by document dated 5 Mar 1231[901].] 

h)         [--- .  The parent of Alix was presumably one of the known siblings who are shown above, the most likely candidates being Pierre who was killed at the battle of Mansurah or an otherwise unrecorded sister.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          ALIX .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis…niece dou maistre dou Temple, frere Pierre de Montagu, et de l'arcevesque Estorgue, et d'Engerant qui fu baron d'Eschive qui puis fu feme dou seignor de Baruth" as wife of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife[902].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[903], the wife of Jean of Caesarea was the daughter of Gérard de Montagu Seigneur de Gergy et de Sassenay [Bourgogne-Capet].  The reconstruction shown in the present document demonstrates that Gérard de Montagu was a member of the family of Montaigut[-en-Auvergne] not of Bourgogne-Capet.  The Lignages quoted above shows that Alix was not the daughter of Gérard, who is misnamed "Engerant" in that source.  In any case, it would be tight chronologically if Alix was the daughter of Gérard de Montaigut.  The birth date of Gérard's wife is fixed between [1206/12] by the dates of her parents' marriage and her father's death.  Even if she was born in the early part of this date range, and gave birth to her daughter by her first marriage when aged 15, it is unlikely that this daughter could have had five children before the death of her husband "before 1241".  m JEAN of Caesarea, son of GAUTHIER of Beirut Lord of Caesarea, Constable of Cyprus & his wife Marguerite Ibelin (-before 1241). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    SEIGNEURS de MONTGASCON

 

 

Montgascon was a castle in Auvergne.  The prominence of this family in the area can be judged by the number of properties which are named in the May 1255 testament of Robert de Montgascon which is quoted below.  It is therefore not surprising that Robert [V] Comte d’Auvergne considered that a marriage between one of his younger sons and the heiress of Montgascon would be advantageous. 

 

 

Six brothers and sister: 

1.         ROBERT de Montgascon (-after May 1255)Seigneur de Montgascon.  The testament of "Robertus dominus Montisgasconis", dated May 1255, appoints "Falconem filium meum procreatum a Beatrice uxore mea defuncta quondam filia…domini Ymberti de Bellojoco" as his heir to "castrum meum de Montgascon…et villas de Sancto Andrea et de Payans et de Mangerio et d’Espinet…et de Tyranda et de Podio Chany et apud Buxirolas", except for land held by "Aymerico fratri meo" for life, and grants "castris meis de Montredunt et de Grangiis…et…in villa de Anaziaco et de Chapas et de Jozan" to any son who might be born posthumously to "Ysabellis uxor mea filia domini de Jaliniaco" who was pregnant at the time, and appoints "consanguineum meum R. comitem Arverniæ et Clarimontis ac…fratrem meum dominum Aymericum decanum Anaziaci…" among his executors[904]m firstly BEATRIX de Beaujeu, daughter of HUMBERT [V] Seigneur de Beaujeu & his wife Marguerite de Bâgé (-[before Jul 1248]).  "Humbertus dominus Belli Joci" names his daughters "Ysabellis…Sybilla…filius Byatricis filie mee…Margaritam", in his testament dated Jul 1248[905], which suggests that Beatrix was deceased at the time.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of "Robertus dominus Montisgasconis", dated May 1255, which appoints "Falconem filium meum procreatum a Beatrice uxore mea defuncta quondam filia…domini Ymberti de Bellojoco" as his heir[906]m secondly ISABELLE de Châtillon-en-Bazois, daughter of HUGUES [II] Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Bazois, Seigneur de Jaligny & his wife Isabelle de Mello.  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the testament of "Robertus dominus Montisgasconis", dated May 1255, which grants "castris meis de Montredunt et de Grangiis…et…in villa de Anaziaco et de Chapas et de Jozan" to any son who might be born posthumously to "Ysabellis uxor mea filia domini de Jaliniaco" who was pregnant at the time[907].  Robert & his first wife had one child: 

a)         FAUCON [III] de Montgascon (-21 Feb, 1274 or before).  The testament of "Robertus dominus Montisgasconis", dated May 1255, appoints "Falconem filium meum procreatum a Beatrice uxore mea defuncta quondam filia…domini Ymberti de Bellojoco" as his heir to "castrum meum de Montgascon…et villas de Sancto Andrea et de Payans et de Mangerio et d’Espinet…et de Tyranda et de Podio Chany et apud Buxirolas", except for land held by "Aymerico fratri meo" for life[908]Seigneur de Montgascon.  A charter dated 27 Oct 1264 records a dispute between "Rotbertum comitem Claromontensem" and "Falconem de Montevasconio" relating to "terris sitis inter Montem Redon et Aureira et d’Aydac"[909].  The necrology of the cathedral of Clermont records the death "IX Kal Mar" of "Falco de Mongasco miles" and his donation to the church for his anniversary[910]Betrothed (contract Apr 1263) to MARIE de Ventadour, daughter of EBLES [VI] Vicomte de Ventadour & his wife Dauphine de la Tour.  The marriage contract between "Eblo vicecomes de Ventedoro…Maria sorore nostra" and "Falconi domino de Montegasconio" is dated Apr 1263, and names "avunculum nostrum B. dominum de Turre"[911]m (after 1263) as her first husband, ISABELLE de Ventadour, daughter of EBLES [VI] Vicomte de Ventadour & his wife Dauphine de la Tour (-7 Oct 1278, bur Limoges Franciscans).  She married secondly (before 1276) as his first wife, Robert [V] Seigneur de Montbron.  Faucon [III] & his wife had [two or more] children: 

i)          BEATRIX de Montgascon (-after 1314).  The marriage proposal between "Rotberti…comitis Claromont, Alverniæ ac Boloniæ…inpubescentes filios…excepto…Guillelmo filio nostro dicti comitis primogenito" and "dominæ Isabellis relictæ…Falconis domini quondam de Montegasconio…inpubescentes filias" is dated Apr 1274, confirmed Jul 1278[912]Dame de Montgascon et d’Espine.  "Dominus Johannes de Monteguasconio canonicus Claromontensis tutor…Maurs proneptis suæ filiæ quondam Falconis de Monteguasconio quondam nepotis sui" confirmed the marriage contract between "Rotbertus Arverniæ et Boloniæ comes" and "Beatricem filiam primogenitam ipsius Falconis domini de Monteguasconio", confirmed by "idem dominus Johannes et dominus Guillelmus de Monteguasconio præceptor domus militiæ Templi de Turreta et dominus Petrus de Monteguasconio prior de Poublertas patrui, et dominus Radulphus de Cornonio miles consanguineus…" executors of the testament of "bonæ memoriæ domini Aymerici de Monteguasconio canonici quondam Claromontensis ac patrui ipsius Beatricis", by charter dated 14 Jun 1279[913].  A charter dated 1 Jul 1299 records an agreement between "Robert comte d’Auvergne et de Boulogne, Béatrix sa femme, Guillaume de Bourbon sire de Bessay, et Mathilde sa femme, lesdites Béatrix et Mathilde filles de Faucon seigneur de Montgascon" and "Guichard sire de Beaujeu" relating to the succession of "Humbert jadis sire de Beaujeu et d’Isabelle sa fille", Béatrix and Mathilde representing "leur grand’mère Béatrix de Beaujeu, qui avait épousé Robert de Mongascon, père dudit Faucon"[914]m (contract Apr 1274 & Jul 1278, confirmed 14 Jun 1279) ROBERT [VI] d’Auvergne, son of ROBERT [V] Comte d’Auvergne & his wife Eléonore de Baffie (-1317).  He succeeded his brother in [1276/77] as Comte d’Auvergne

ii)         MATHILDE de Montgascon (-after 1 Jul 1299).  "Domicella Matyldis de Montegasconio relicta Odonis domini quondam de Turnone" appointed proxies relating to "castrum d’Izerant" which was her dower by charter dated Apr 1295[915].  A charter dated 1 Jul 1299 records an agreement between "Robert comte d’Auvergne et de Boulogne, Béatrix sa femme, Guillaume de Bourbon sire de Bessay, et Mathilde sa femme, lesdites Béatrix et Mathilde filles de Faucon seigneur de Montgascon" and "Guichard sire de Beaujeu" relating to the succession of "Humbert jadis sire de Beaujeu et d’Isabelle sa fille", Béatrix and Mathilde representing "leur grand’mère Béatrix de Beaujeu, qui avait épousé Robert de Mongascon, père dudit Faucon"[916]m firstly EUDES de Tournon, son of --- (-before Apr 1295).  m secondly ([Apr 1295/1 Jul 1299]) GUILLAUME de Bourbon Seigneur de Bessay, son of GUILLAUME de Bourbon & his wife Isabelle de Courtenay (-after 1 Jul 1299). 

iii)        [daughter(s) .  The existence of one or more other daughters is confirmed by the marriage proposal between "Rotberti…comitis Claromont, Alverniæ ac Boloniæ…inpubescentes filios…excepto…Guillelmo filio nostro dicti comitis primogenito" and "dominæ Isabellis relictæ…Falconis domini quondam de Montegasconio…inpubescentes filias", dated Apr 1274, confirmed Jul 1278[917].  It is not known whether there were more than two daughters but, if so, they must have died young.] 

Robert & his second wife had one child: 

b)         child (1255-).  The testament of "Robertus dominus Montisgasconis", dated May 1255, grants "castris meis de Montredunt et de Grangiis…et…in villa de Anaziaco et de Chapas et de Jozan" to any son who might be born posthumously to "Ysabellis uxor mea filia domini de Jaliniaco" who was pregnant at the time[918]

2.         AIMERY de Montgascon (-after May 1255).  The testament of "Robertus dominus Montisgasconis", dated May 1255, appoints "consanguineum meum R. comitem Arverniæ et Clarimontis ac…fratrem meum dominum Aymericum decanum Anaziaci…" among his executors[919]

3.         JEAN de Montgascon (-after 14 Jun 1279).  "Dominus Johannes de Monteguasconio canonicus Claromontensis tutor…Maurs proneptis suæ filiæ quondam Falconis de Monteguasconio quondam nepotis sui" confirmed the marriage contract between "Rotbertus Arverniæ et Boloniæ comes" and "Beatricem filiam primogenitam ipsius Falconis domini de Monteguasconio", confirmed by "idem dominus Johannes et dominus Guillelmus de Monteguasconio præceptor domus militiæ Templi de Turreta et dominus Petrus de Monteguasconio prior de Poublertas patrui, et dominus Radulphus de Cornonio miles consanguineus…" executors of the testament of "bonæ memoriæ domini Aymerici de Monteguasconio canonici quondam Claromontensis ac patrui ipsius Beatricis", by charter dated 14 Jun 1279[920]

4.         GUILLAUME de Montgascon (-after 14 Jun 1279).  "Dominus Johannes de Monteguasconio canonicus Claromontensis tutor…Maurs proneptis suæ filiæ quondam Falconis de Monteguasconio quondam nepotis sui" confirmed the marriage contract between "Rotbertus Arverniæ et Boloniæ comes" and "Beatricem filiam primogenitam ipsius Falconis domini de Monteguasconio", confirmed by "idem dominus Johannes et dominus Guillelmus de Monteguasconio præceptor domus militiæ Templi de Turreta et dominus Petrus de Monteguasconio prior de Poublertas patrui, et dominus Radulphus de Cornonio miles consanguineus…" executors of the testament of "bonæ memoriæ domini Aymerici de Monteguasconio canonici quondam Claromontensis ac patrui ipsius Beatricis", by charter dated 14 Jun 1279[921]

5.         PIERRE de Montgascon (-after 14 Jun 1279).  "Dominus Johannes de Monteguasconio canonicus Claromontensis tutor…Maurs proneptis suæ filiæ quondam Falconis de Monteguasconio quondam nepotis sui" confirmed the marriage contract between "Rotbertus Arverniæ et Boloniæ comes" and "Beatricem filiam primogenitam ipsius Falconis domini de Monteguasconio", confirmed by "idem dominus Johannes et dominus Guillelmus de Monteguasconio præceptor domus militiæ Templi de Turreta et dominus Petrus de Monteguasconio prior de Poublertas patrui, et dominus Radulphus de Cornonio miles consanguineus…" executors of the testament of "bonæ memoriæ domini Aymerici de Monteguasconio canonici quondam Claromontensis ac patrui ipsius Beatricis", by charter dated 14 Jun 1279[922]

6.         daughter (-before 1274).  Dame d’Espinet.  The charter dated 14 Jun 1279 issued by "Dominus Johannes de Monteguasconio canonicus Claromontensis tutor…Maurs proneptis suæ filiæ quondam Falconis de Monteguasconio quondam nepotis sui" to confirm the marriage contract between "Rotbertus Arverniæ et Boloniæ comes" and "Beatricem filiam primogenitam ipsius Falconis domini de Monteguasconio", specifies that "materteræ Falconis prædicti" held "villam d’Espinet" which Faucon granted to Jean for life after she died[923]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  SEIGNEURS de MONTLAUR

 

 

Four siblings: 

1.         PIERRE RAYMOND de Montlaur (-after 1163).  "Petrus Raymundi de Montelauro et...Guillelmus frater eius et...Raymundus frater eorum" donated property "in manso...La Beszeira et in La Beszaireta et in Majanel et in Garrigalonga et in Gotlague" to the abbey of Sylvanès, with the advice of "sororis nostre Marie et viri eius Guillelmi de Marsili cognati nostri", by charter dated 1163[924]

2.         GUILLAUME (-after 1163).  "Petrus Raymundi de Montelauro et...Guillelmus frater eius et...Raymundus frater eorum" donated property "in manso...La Beszeira et in La Beszaireta et in Majanel et in Garrigalonga et in Gotlague" to the abbey of Sylvanès, with the advice of "sororis nostre Marie et viri eius Guillelmi de Marsili cognati nostri", by charter dated 1163[925]

3.         RAYMOND (-after 1163).  "Petrus Raymundi de Montelauro et...Guillelmus frater eius et...Raymundus frater eorum" donated property "in manso...La Beszeira et in La Beszaireta et in Majanel et in Garrigalonga et in Gotlague" to the abbey of Sylvanès, with the advice of "sororis nostre Marie et viri eius Guillelmi de Marsili cognati nostri", by charter dated 1163[926]

4.         MARIE (-after 1163).  "Petrus Raymundi de Montelauro et...Guillelmus frater eius et...Raymundus frater eorum" donated property "in manso...La Beszeira et in La Beszaireta et in Majanel et in Garrigalonga et in Gotlague" to the abbey of Sylvanès, with the advice of "sororis nostre Marie et viri eius Guillelmi de Marsili cognati nostri", by charter dated 1163[927]m GUILLAUME de Marsilie, son of --- (-after 1163). 

 

 

1.         PONS de Montlaur (-after [1190]).  "Ponso de Monlaur" is named in a charter dated to [1190] under which "Steve et W de Chantoent" sold property to the Templars at Puy-en-Velay[928]m AGNES de Posquières, daughter of ROSTAING de Posquières & his wife Ermesinde de Béziers.  Pons & his wife had four children: 

a)         HERACLE (-after 1248)Seigneur de Montlaur

-        see below

b)         PIERRE (-1229).  Bishop of Marseille. 

c)         JEAN (-1247).  Bishop of Maguelonne. 

d)         ALCINOIS m PONS [IV] Vicomte de Polignac, son of ---. 

 

 

HERACLE de Montlaur, son of PONS Seigneur de Montlaur & his wife Agnes de Posquières (-after 1248)Seigneur de Montlaur.  A charter dated 3 Feb 1217 records that "Rostannus de Posqueriis" appointed "Eraclii de Montelauro generi mei" as his heir[929].  "Heraclius dominus Montislauri" exchanged property with the Templars at Puy-en-Velay, confirmed by "Margarita uxor predicti domini Heraclii, et…Poncetus et Herailletus filii nostri", by charter dated Jun 1236[930]

m firstly (1210) DOUCE de Posquières, son of ROSTAIN Seigneur de Posquières & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 3 Feb 1217 which records that "Rostannus de Posqueriis" appointed "Eraclii de Montelauro generi mei" as his heir[931]

m secondly MARGUERITE d’Auvergne, daughter of GUY [II] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Petronille de Chambon (-1263 or after).  "Heraclius dominus Montislauri" exchanged property with the Templars at Puy-en-Velay, confirmed by "Margarita uxor predicti domini Heraclii, et…Poncetus et Herailletus filii nostri", by charter dated Jun 1236[932].  "Margarita domina de Montislauro et…Eraclius eius filius" lent money to "dominum Agne de Maimont dominum d’Oleargues" by charter dated 1247[933]

Héracle & his second wife had four children: 

1.         PONS [Poncet] .  "Heraclius dominus Montislauri" exchanged property with the Templars at Puy-en-Velay, confirmed by "Margarita uxor predicti domini Heraclii, et…Poncetus et Herailletus filii nostri", by charter dated Jun 1236[934]

2.         HERACLE ).  "Heraclius dominus Montislauri" exchanged property with the Templars at Puy-en-Velay, confirmed by "Margarita uxor predicti domini Heraclii, et…Poncetus et Herailletus filii nostri", by charter dated Jun 1236[935].  "Margarita domina de Montislauro et…Eraclius eius filius" lent money to "dominum Agne de Maimont dominum d’Oleargues" by charter dated 1247[936]m (1245) AGNES de Polignac, daughter of PONS Vicomte de Polignac & his wife Alix de Trainel.  Héracle & his wife had four children: 

a)         PONS [Poncet] (-[10 Oct/10 Dec] 1274)m (contract 16 Dec 1256, separated) as her first husband, ALIXENDE de Mercœur, daughter of BERAUD [VI] Sire de Mercœur & his wife Beatrix de Bourbon (-15 Jul 1286).  The marriage contract between "Beraudus dominus de Mercolio…Alixent filia sua" and "Eraclius de Montelauro junior…Ponceto filio suo" is dated 16 Dec [1257], and names "domina Margarita mater dicti Heraclii…Eraclius et Poncius et Guido fratres predicti"[937].  She married secondly (contract Apr 1268) Aymar [III] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois, and thirdly (1279) Robert [III] de Clermont

b)         GUILLAUME (-after 1 Oct 1320).  Chanoine du Puy.  Archdeacon of Tournay. 

c)         AYMOIN .  Knight Hospitaller. 

d)         ALAZAIS m ELZEAR d’Uzès, son of ---. 

3.         PONS .  The marriage contract between "Beraudus dominus de Mercolio…Alixent filia sua" and "Eraclius de Montelauro junior…Ponceto filio suo" is dated 16 Dec [1257], and names "domina Margarita mater dicti Heraclii…Eraclius et Poncius et Guido fratres predicti"[938]

4.         GUY de Montlaur (-1274).  The marriage contract between "Beraudus dominus de Mercolio…Alixent filia sua" and "Eraclius de Montelauro junior…Ponceto filio suo" is dated 16 Dec [1257], and names "domina Margarita mater dicti Heraclii…Eraclius et Poncius et Guido fratres predicti"[939].  Doyen du Puy.  Bishop of Valence

5.         JOURDAINEm GUIGON [III] Seigneur de Roche-en-Régnier, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  SEIGNEURS de MONTLUÇON

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de MontluçonSeigneur de Montluçonm ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had --- children: 

a)         AGNES de Montluçon .  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis names "Agne filia Guillelmi de Montlusson Arverniæ castro" as wife of "Ebolus" who "appreciated songs of joy until old age"[940].  A charter dated 1147 records a donation to Uzerche with the consent of "Eblone vicecomite, uxore eius Agne et filiis suis Arcambaldo, Eblone, Aimone…"[941]m EBLES [II] "le Chanteur" Vicomte de Ventadour, son of EBLES [I] Vicomte de Ventadour & his second wife Almodie de Montbéron (-after 1109, bur Montecassino). 

 

 

2.         ARCHAMBAUD de Montluçon Seigneur de MontluçonA charter dated Apr 1202 records an agreement between “Archembaudus dominus Montis Lucii” and “Guidonem comitem Arvernie" for the marriage of "filiam Archembaudi primogenitam" and "Guillelmus filius comitis, vel alter filius", together with "Combralium et comitatum"[942].  The testament of [his grandson] "Archenbaudus dominus Borbonensis", dated Aug 1248, names "…domini A. Montis Lucii patris matris mee"[943]m [--- de Mello, daughter of DREUX [I] de Mello Seigneur de Saint-Bris & his wife [Ermengarde] de Moncy].  Her parentage and marriage are suggested by the charter dated Nov 1242 under which [her supposed brother] “Dreux de Mello seigneur de Loches” acted as guarantor if “Archambaud de Bourbon son neveu” failed to observe the marriage convention between “Jean comte de Dreux et Marie sœur d’Archambaud[944].  This hypothesis assumes that “neveu” (presumably “nepos”) in this charter can be interpreted as “great-nephew”, bearing in mind that “nephew” is extremely unlikely given the identification of the mother of Archambaud de Bourbon and his sister Marie as noted below, and also that a more remote cousin relationship would render it unlikely that Dreux de Mello would have acted as guarantor.  The hypothesis also appears to work from a chronological point of view, in light of the 1202 betrothal of the couple’s daughter to Guillaume [X] d’Auvergne.  Archambaud & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [daughter .  A charter dated Apr 1202 records an agreement between “Archembaudus dominus Montis Lucii” and “Guidonem comitem Arvernie" for the marriage of "filiam Archembaudi primogenitam" and "Guillelmus filius comitis, vel alter filius", together with "Combralium et comitatum"[945].  It is not known whether this daughter was the same person as Beatrix named below.  Betrothed (Apr 1202) to GUILLAUME [X] d’Auvergne, son of GUY [II] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Cambonia de Chambon (-1246, bur Le Bouchet).  He succeeded his father in 1222 as Comte d’Auvergne.] 

b)         BEATRIX de Montluçon .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "primogenitus Erchenbaldus [filius Guido de Dampetra]" as "filia alterius Erchenbaldi de Monte Lucionis" and in a later passage names her "Beatrici de Borbon", although in the latter the Chronicle incorrectly names her husband "Guidonem de Dampetra"[946].  1215.  m ARCHAMBAUD [VIII] Sire de Bourbon, son of GUY [II] Seigneur de Dampierre & his wife Mathilde de Bourbon Dame de Bourbon (-killed in battle Cognat, Allier 23 Aug 1242). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  SEIGNEURS de MONTPENSIER

 

 

GUICHARD de Beaujeu, son of GUICHARD [V] Seigneur de Beaujeu & his wife Sibylle de Hainaut (-before 1256).  "Guichardus Belli Joci dominus" names his sons "Guichardo filio nostro…Henrico…duos minores…primogenitum nostrum Humbertum…quartum filium nostrum et minorem", specifying that Guichard was appointed Seigneur de Montpensier, in his testament dated 18 Sep 1216[947].  "Humbertus dominus Belli Joci" names "fratrem meum Guichardum dominum Montis Pancerii et dilectum meum Raynaldum dominum Baugiaci et Raynaldum de Foresio" in his testament dated Jul 1248[948]

m ([Betrothed Apr 1205], contract Melun Feb 1224) CATHERINE Dauphine de Clermont, daughter of GUILLAUME Dauphin de Clermont & his second wife Isabelle de Montluçon (-19 May after 1240).  "Guichard sire de Montpensier" donated property "propter nuptias" to "sa femme Catherine fille de Guillaume comte de Montferrand" by charter dated Apr 1205[949].  The date of this document is suspect.  Guichard could only have been an infant at the time, as his parents’ marriage is dated to [1196/98] and he was not their eldest child.  Another possibility is the document followed the couple’s betrothal not their marriage.  Dame de Montferrand et d’Herment.  The marriage contract between "Guillelmus comes Claremontensis…Katerinam filiam meam" and "Guichardo domino Montispancerii" is dated Feb 1224 and provides for "Monteferrando…et…Hermanto et Monteil et Trancoc" as dowry[950].  The necrology of Clermont Saint-André records the death 11 May of "Katherinæ uxoris D. Guichardi de Bellojoco"[951]

Guichard & his wife had six children: 

1.         HERIC (-after Feb 1256).  "Eric fils de Guichard seigneur de Montpensier et de Montferrand" agreed to compensate "Guichard sire de Beaujeu" in respect of security for a prisoner, by charter dated Feb 1256[952]

2.         HUMBERT [II] (-before 14 Nov 1285)Seigneur de Montpensier.  Connétable de France.  m (before 25 Jul 1276) as her second husband, ISABELLE de Mello Dame de Saint-Maurice-Thizouaille, widow of GUILLAUME [III] Comte de Joigny, daughter of GUILLAUME de Mello & his wife --- (-1301 or after).  “Jehan cuens de Jougny et...Marie comtesse de Jougny femme de ce dit Jehan” confirmed the disenfranchisement of the inhabitants of Coulanges-les-Vineuses et la Baroche by charter dated 1279, which names “Humbert de Biaujey connestable de France, sieur de Montpencier et de Sainct-Morise et...Isabeau connestablesse de France jadis contesse de Jougny, et...Berault de Marcuil père de ladite Marie contesse de Jougny nostre femme...et...monseignour de Chasteau-Villain nostre oncle[953].  Humbert [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEANNE (-Jan 1308).  "Jean comte de Dreux et Jeanne sa femme fille de feu Humbert de Beaujeu connétable de France" sold their rights "sur les château et ville de Roanne" to "Jean comte de Forez" by charter dated Mar 1293[954]Dame de Montpensierm (1292) as his first wife, JEAN [II] "le Bon" Comte de Dreux et de Braine, son of ROBERT [IV] Comte de Dreux et de Braine [Capet] & his wife Beatrix Ctss de Montfort (1265-1309, bur Longchamp). 

3.         HENRI (-2 May 1270).  Seigneur d’Herment.  Connétable de France.  m as her first husband, ARENGARDE d’Aubusson, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte d’Aubusson & his wife ---.  She married secondly Guillaume de la Rochedayoux

4.         GUILLAUME (-killed in battle Acre 18 May 1291).  Seigneur de Sevans.  Teutonic Knight 1253. 

5.         GUICHARD (-1253). 

6.         LOUIS [I] (-26 Sep 1280).  Seigneur de Montferrand et d’Herment.  m as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Bommiers, daughter of ROBERT de Bommiers Seigneur de Mirebeau & his wife Mathilde de Déols dame de Châteaumeillant (-1323).  Dame de Châteaumeillant, de Preveranges et de Bellefaye.  She married secondly (1282) Henri Seigneur de Sully.  Louis [I] & his wife had five children: 

a)         LOUIS [II] (-1296).  Seigneur de Montferrand et d’Herment.  m (before 1289) as her first husband, DAUPHINE du Broc, daughter of PIERRE Seigneur du Broc & his wife Marquise de Thiern (-after 1312).  She married secondly Briand Seigneur de la Roche.  A charter dated 1312 records that "domina Delphina domina de Broco uxor domini Bryandi de Rupe domini eiusdem loci militis" donated property to "Loynus et Hymbertus de Bellojoco fratres domicelli filii dictæ dominæ Delphinæ et domini Ludovici de Bellojoco militis quondam primi mariti dictæ dominæ Delphinæ", naming "Delphina et Guillelma domicellæ filiæ dictorum domini Bryandi et dictæ dominæ Delphinæ eius uxoris futuræ moniales…Alasiam seu Boheriam alteram filiam dictorum militis et dominæ Delphinæ"[955].  Louis [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          LOUIS [III] (-after 1312).  A charter dated 1312 records that "domina Delphina domina de Broco uxor domini Bryandi de Rupe domini eiusdem loci militis" donated property to "Loynus et Hymbertus de Bellojoco fratres domicelli filii dictæ dominæ Delphinæ et domini Ludovici de Bellojoco militis quondam primi mariti dictæ dominæ Delphinæ"[956].  Seigneur de Montferrand. 

ii)         HUMBERT (-after 1312).  A charter dated 1312 records that "domina Delphina domina de Broco uxor domini Bryandi de Rupe domini eiusdem loci militis" donated property to "Loynus et Hymbertus de Bellojoco fratres domicelli filii dictæ dominæ Delphinæ et domini Ludovici de Bellojoco militis quondam primi mariti dictæ dominæ Delphinæ"[957]

b)         GUICHARDm CATHERINE du Broc, daughter of PIERRE Seigneur du Broc & his wife Marquise de Thiern. 

c)         BLANCHE m PHILIPPE [I] de Chauvigny Seigneur de Lertoux, son of --- (-1310). 

d)         MARIE (-1337).  Nun at Longchamps.  “Henricus dominus de Soliaco...soror mea Maria” enfranchised “castrum meum de Aiis”, referring to land “sub dominio domini avunculi mei Simonis archiepiscopi Bituris”, by charter dated Apr 1301[958]

e)         MARGUERITE m EBLES [VIII] Vicomte de Ventadour, son of EBLES [VII] Vicomte de Ventadour & his wife Blanche de Châteauneuf (-[24 Jul 1315/1321]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13.  SEIGNEURS d’OLLIERGUES

 

 

1.         AGNON [Agne] [I] de Meymont .  Drouot records that "Agnon de Meymont" witnessed the charter dated to [1096/1103] under which Bishop Guillaume de Baffie donated Viverols to Sauxillanges[959]m PETRONILLE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the marriage contract between her son "Agnus filius Agnonis et Petronillæ" and "Auxiliendim filiam Dalmatii et Laurentiæ" dated 28 Jan 1114[960].  Agnon [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         AGNON [Agne] [II] de Meymont .  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract between "Agnus filius Agnonis et Petronillæ" and "Auxiliendim filiam Dalmatii et Laurentiæ" dated 28 Jan 1114[961]m (contract 28 Jan 1114) AUXILENDE de Baffie, daughter of DALMAS [II] de Baffie & his wife Laurence ---.  The marriage contract between "Agnus filius Agnonis et Petronillæ" and "Auxiliendim filiam Dalmatii et Laurentiæ" is dated 28 Jan 1114, and provided for "medietatem…castellania de Oleargiis" as dowry[962]

 

 

1.         AGNON [Agne] [III] de Meymont .  A charter dated to [1200/12 Oct 1203] records that "Agno de Magnomonte" donated property to Chaise-Dieu and that "Agno filius prenominati Agnonis" confirmed the donations and added his own donations[963]m ---.  The name of Agnon’s wife is not known.  Agnon [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         AGNON [Agne] [IV] de MeymontSeigneur d’Olliergues.  "Ugo Dalmatius" and "Agnone de Magnomonte de castello…Oleargues" settled disputes by charter dated to [1180/96][964].  A charter dated to [1200/12 Oct 1203] records that "Agno de Magnomonte" donated property to Chaise-Dieu and that "Agno filius prenominati Agnonis" confirmed the donations and added his own donations, witnessed by "Eustorgius frater ipsius Agnonis…domina Ermengardis uxor ipsius Agno, Judeta, Izeudis filie eiusdem Agnonis"[965].  m ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [1200/12 Oct 1203] records that "Agno de Magnomonte" donated property to Chaise-Dieu and that "Agno filius prenominati Agnonis" confirmed the donations and added his own donations, witnessed by "Eustorgius frater ipsius Agnonis…domina Ermengardis uxor ipsius Agno, Judeta, Izeudis filie eiusdem Agnonis"[966].  Agnon [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          JUDITH de Meymont .  A charter dated to [1200/12 Oct 1203] records that "Agno de Magnomonte" donated property to Chaise-Dieu and that "Agno filius prenominati Agnonis" confirmed the donations and added his own donations, witnessed by "Eustorgius frater ipsius Agnonis…domina Ermengardis uxor ipsius Agno, Judeta, Izeudis filie eiusdem Agnonis"[967]

ii)         ISEUT de Meymont (-23 Feb 1250 or after).  A charter dated to [1200/12 Oct 1203] records that "Agno de Magnomonte" donated property to Chaise-Dieu and that "Agno filius prenominati Agnonis" confirmed the donations and added his own donations, witnessed by "Eustorgius frater ipsius Agnonis…domina Ermengardis uxor ipsius Agno, Judeta, Izeudis filie eiusdem Agnonis"[968].  "Gaufridus Armandi myles" donated property to La Chaise-Dieu, with the approval of "Agnem dominum castri de Oliergues…et W. frater meus et Yseuz mater nostra", by charter dated Feb 1234, in the presence of "Willelmo de Bafia…"[969].  "Domina Yseuz domina de Oleargues" confirmed having transferred "castrum suum de Oleargues" to "Agnoni filio suo militi" on his marriage to "Beatricem filiam domini Guillelmi de Baffia jam defunctam", by charter dated Jul 1249[970].  "Agno de Magnomonte miles dominus de Oleargis" confirmed donations to "monasterio Vallis lucidæ" made by "Robertus de Velayc avus noster paternus quondam…et domina Yzels uxor quondam eiusdem domini…" for the anniversaries of "…dominæ Yzelsdis…VII Kal Mar…" by charter dated Apr 1272[971]m ROBERT de Clermont, son of --- ([1180/95]-1 Oct [1219/1233]). 

b)         EUSTORGE .  A charter dated to [1200/12 Oct 1203] records that "Agno de Magnomonte" donated property to Chaise-Dieu and that "Agno filius prenominati Agnonis" confirmed the donations and added his own donations, witnessed by "Eustorgius frater ipsius Agnonis…domina Ermengardis uxor ipsius Agno, Judeta, Izeudis filie eiusdem Agnonis"[972]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Clermont ([1180/95]-1 Oct [1219/1233]).  The parentage of Robert de Clermont is uncertain.  The charter dated Apr 1210, quoted below, which identifies him as "avunculus" of Hugues Prior of Sauxillanges appears to be the only document on which speculation about his ancestry can be based.  Hugues Prior of Sauxillanges has been identified as the son of Marie d’Auvergne, daughter of Robert [IV] Comte d’Auvergne, and her husband Albert [II] Sire de la Tour-du-Pin[973].  If that identification is correct, Robert de Clermont would have been Robert, son of Robert [IV] Comte d’Auvergne.  However, Baluze points out that there is no proof that Hugues, son of Albert [II] de la Tour-du-Pin, was ever prior of Sauxillanges[974].  Drouot identifies Robert de Clermont, following "Boudet", as the son of Guillaume [VIII] Comte d’Auvergne and therefore the brother of Comte Robert [IV][975].  He makes no suggestion about the identity of Hugues Prior de Sauxillanges, but in any case the estimated birth date of Robert de Clermont (which is calculated working back from the estimated birth date of his great-granddaughter Iseut d’Olliergues, which is reasonably robust) indicates that the Drouot/Boudet hypothesis is unworkable as the children of Comte Guillaume [VIII] are unlikely to have been born much later than the 1140s.  A third possibility, indicated by the reference to "Clermont", is that he was a member of the family of the Dauphins d’Auvergne, Comtes de Clermont.  If that hypothesis is correct, the chronology dictates that he must have been Robert, son of Dauphin d’Auvergne Comte de Clermont, although Hugues Prior of Sauxillanges would still remain unidentified.  Baluze highlights a fourth possibility, which is that Robert was not related at all to the Auvergne families because "tous ces embarras…pourroient avec beaucoup de raison faire penser que le surnom de Clairmont estant un surnom fort commun, il auroit esté pris par quelque Seigneur issu de la race des anciens Comtes ou Seigneurs du Vellay"[976].  "W. de Jouz et Bernardus frater eius, et Poncius et Anselmus de Jouz" swore homage to "Roberto de Claromonte domino de Oleargues, de Turre, de Jouz et de Rocha Servera" by charter dated 5 Apr 1208[977].  "Hugo prior Celsiniacensis" agreed with "Roberto de Claromonte avunculo nostro" to defend the fortress of Augerolles by charter dated Apr 1210[978].  "R. de Velai…" witnessed the testament of "Henricus comes Ruthenensis" dated 1219[979].  "Agno de Magnomonte miles dominus de Oleargis" confirmed donations to "monasterio Vallis lucidæ" made by "Robertus de Velayc avus noster paternus quondam…" for the anniversaries of "domini R. de Velayc pridie Id Oct…" by charter dated Apr 1272[980]m ISEUT de Meymont, daughter of AGNON [Agne] [IV] de Meymont Seigneur d’Olliergues & his wife Ermengarde --- (-23 Feb 1250 or after).  "Gaufridus Armandi myles" donated property to La Chaise-Dieu, with the approval of "Agnem dominum castri de Oliergues…et W. frater meus et Yseuz mater nostra", by charter dated Feb 1234, in the presence of "Willelmo de Bafia…"[981].  "Domina Yseuz domina de Oleargues" confirmed having transferred "castrum suum de Oleargues" to "Agnoni filio suo militi" on his marriage to "Beatricem filiam domini Guillelmi de Baffia jam defunctam", by charter dated Jul 1249[982].  "Agno de Magnomonte miles dominus de Oleargis" confirmed donations to "monasterio Vallis lucidæ" made by "Robertus de Velayc avus noster paternus quondam…et domina Yzels uxor quondam eiusdem domini…" for the anniversaries of "…dominæ Yzelsdis…VII Kal Mar…" by charter dated Apr 1272[983].  Robert & his wife had three children: 

a)         AGNON [Agne] [V] de Meymont ([1205/15]-before Oct 1252, bur Vauluisant).  "Gaufridus Armandi myles" donated property to La Chaise-Dieu, with the approval of "Agnem dominum castri de Oliergues…et W. frater meus et Yseuz mater nostra", by charter dated Feb 1234, in the presence of "Willelmo de Bafia…"[984].  "Guido dominus Thyernensis" granted "feudum…in castello Magnimontis" to "Agnoni de Magnomonte militi", with the approval of "domini Guidonis comitis Nivernensis et Forensis", by charter dated Aug 1237[985].  "Stephanus dominus de Maymunt" sold "castrum de Mayinmunt" to "domino meo Guigoni…comiti Nivernensi et Forensi", except for "terra de Dimeses" belonging to "Roberti fratris mei", by charter dated 18 Apr 1238[986].  "Willelmus comes Claromontensis" notified a commitment made by "Agno de Magnomonte dominus de Oliergues" by charter dated May 1244[987].  "Margarita domina de Montislauro et…Eraclius eius filius" lent money to "dominum Agne de Maimont dominum d’Oleargues" by charter dated 1247[988]m ([1231]) BEATRIX de Baffie, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Seigneur de Baffia & his wife S--- de Forez ([1215/25]-4 Apr, 1249 or before).  "Domina Yseuz domina de Oleargues" confirmed having transferred "castrum suum de Oleargues" to "Agnoni filio suo militi" on his marriage to "Beatricem filiam domini Guillelmi de Baffia jam defunctam", by charter dated Jul 1249[989].  "Agno de Magnomonte miles dominus de Oleargis" confirmed donations to "monasterio Vallis lucidæ" made by "…domina Beatrix mater nostra quondam…" for the anniversaries of "…dominæ Beatricis…pridie Non Apr…" by charter dated Apr 1272[990].  Agnon [V] & his wife had two children: 

i)          AGNON [Agne] [VI] d’Olliergues ([1230/40]-after Mar 1273).  Seigneur d’Olliergues.  "Bertrans de la Tor chavaleyrs senhor d’Oliergues" confirmed the customs granted to the town of Olliergues by "nostre brus Mosen Agnes de Maumont seniers d’Olierguers", the latter specifying that he renounced any rights to withdraw such customs because he was "a mener edat", by charter dated Oct 1252, in the presence of "Willelmo de Bafia…"[991].  The testament of "Raynaudus comes Forensis et dominus Bellijoci" is dated Jun 1270 and names "Guidonem consanguinem meum dominum de Tyerno" as his heir in substitution and states that, if he inherits, he should provide for "domino Guidoni de Tyerno consanguineo meo canonicus LugdunensisHugoni de Tyerno consanguineo meo fratri eiusdem canonici Guidonis…consanguineo meo domino Ano domino d’Oliergue…Guillelmo de Rossilione consanguineo meo"[992].  "Agno de Magnomonte miles dominus de Oleargis" confirmed donations to "monasterio Vallis lucidæ" made by "Robertus de Velayc avus noster paternus quondam…et domina Yzels uxor quondam eiusdem domini…et dominus Agno pater noster quondam…domina Beatrix mater nostra quondam…domina Margarita de Montebuxerio amita nostra quondam…domina Aelys uxor quondam nostra" for the anniversaries of "domini R. de Velayc pridie Id Oct…dominæ Yzelsdis…VII Kal Mar…dominæ Beatricis…pridie Non Apr…domina Margaritæ de Montebuxerio VII Id Jul…dominæ Aelis…in crastino S. Michaelis" by charter dated Apr 1272[993].  "Agno de Magnomonte dominus d’Oleyergues" confirmed owing debts "pro dote sua" to "dominæ Helyenor relictæ bonæ memoriæ domini Guillelmi quondam domini de Baffia junioris…avunculi nostri" by charter dated Mar 1273[994]m ([1260]) ALIX de Breuil, daughter of ROBERT de Courcelles Seigneur de Breuil & his wife Philippa ---[995] (after 1241-28 Sep 1271 or before).  "Agno de Magnomonte miles dominus de Oleargis" confirmed donations to "monasterio Vallis lucidæ" made by "…domina Aelys uxor quondam nostra" for the anniversaries of "…dominæ Aelis…in crastino S. Michaelis" by charter dated Apr 1272[996].  Agnon [VI] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       BEATRIX d’Olliergues (-after Jul 1304, bur Clermont Cordeliers)Dame d’Olliergues.  "Beatrix d’Oliergues filia quondam domini Agnonis olim domini d’Oliergues militis" and "Hyzelt d’Oliergues eius soror filia quondam dicti domini Agnonis…majores duodecim annis" divided their territories, with the advice of "domini Roberti domini Brolii avunculi, domini Hugonis de Ausonio militis et Stephani de Chalanco clerici et domini Roberti de Broco prioris Bulbonis cognatorum ipsarum sororum", by charter dated 10 Jan 1275[997].  The marriage contract between "Bertrandus dominus de Turre" and "Beatrix d’Oliergues filia quondam domini Agnonis quondam domini d’Oliergues", with the advice of "Margaritæ sororis quondam dicti domini Agnonis et Roberti domini Brolii avunculi ipsius Beatricis et domini Hugonis de Ausonio militum et Stephani de Chalanco clerici et domini Roberti de Broco prioris Bulhionis cognatorum ipsius Beatricis", by charter dated 10 Jan 1275[998].  "Domina Beatrix de Olergio relicta…domini Bertrandi quondam domini de Turre  militis defuncti, tutrix…Bernardi, Bertrandi, Guillelmi, Agnonis et Delphinæ liberorum impuberum ipsius Beatricis et dicti militis quondam viri sui" listed the 15 castles which she held, by charter dated 27 Jul 1288[999].  "Aymericus de Rupe domicellus dominus de Montilio" acknowledged to "Beatrice de Olyergio domina de Turre" having received the dowry for his marriage to "Delphiniæ de Turre uxoris meæ" by charter dated end-Dec 1292[1000].  The testament of "Dalphina de Turre relicta quondam Aymerici de Rupe domini eiusdem loci", dated 1299, appoints "dominam Beatricem d’Olyergue dominam de Turre…" among her executors[1001].  "Bernardus dominus de Turre et Bertrandus de Turre eius frater" divided their inheritance, in the presence of "domina Beatrice de Olierguio domina de Turre", by charter dated Jul 1304[1002].  The necrology of Clermont Cordeliers records the death "VII Id Mai" of "Beatrix domina de Turre et de Oliargues hic sepulta"[1003]m (contract 10 Jan 1275) BERTRAND [III] de la Tour, son of BERNARD [III] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Yolande --- (-24 Nov [1286 or 1287], bur Clermont Cordeliers).  He succeeded his father in 1276 as Seigneur de la Tour. 

(b)       ISEUT d’Olliergues (before 1263-).  "Beatrix d’Oliergues filia quondam domini Agnonis olim domini d’Oliergues militis" and "Hyzelt d’Oliergues eius soror filia quondam dicti domini Agnonis…majores duodecim annis" divided their territories, with the advice of "domini Roberti domini Brolii avunculi, domini Hugonis de Ausonio militis et Stephani de Chalanco clerici et domini Roberti de Broco prioris Bulbonis cognatorum ipsarum sororum", by charter dated 10 Jan 1275[1004].  Dame de Meymont.  Baluze records her parentage and marriage but does not provide the reference to the primary source on which he bases this statement[1005]m GUIGUES de Roussillon Seigneur d’Anjo, son of GERAUD de Roussillon Seigneur d’Anjo & his wife Mathe de Clermont (-after 1279). 

ii)         MARGUERITE (-after 10 Jan 1275).  The marriage contract between "Bertrandus dominus de Turre" and "Beatrix d’Oliergues filia quondam domini Agnonis quondam domini d’Oliergues", with the advice of "Margaritæ sororis quondam dicti domini Agnonis et Roberti domini Brolii avunculi ipsius Beatricis et domini Hugonis de Ausonio militum et Stephani de Chalanco clerici et domini Roberti de Broco prioris Bulhionis cognatorum ipsius Beatricis", by charter dated 10 Jan 1275[1006]

b)         GUILLAUME .  "Gaufridus Armandi myles" donated property to La Chaise-Dieu, with the approval of "Agnem dominum castri de Oliergues…et W. frater meus et Yseuz mater nostra", by charter dated Feb 1234, in the presence of "Willelmo de Bafia…"[1007]

c)         MARGUERITE (-15 Jul, before 1272).  "Agno de Magnomonte miles dominus de Oleargis" confirmed donations to "monasterio Vallis lucidæ" made by "…domina Margarita de Montebuxerio amita nostra quondam…" for the anniversaries of "…domina Margaritæ de Montebuxerio VII Id Jul…" by charter dated Apr 1272[1008]m --- Seigneur de Montboissier, son of ---.  Four children: 

i)          HERACLE de Montboissier (-after 13 Jan 1252).  The testament of "Héracle de Montboissier", dated 13 Jan 1252, bequeathed "sa part de Saint-Germain-Laval à sa sœur Béatrix veuve d’Aimar de Baudimer, son château de Rochesavine à sa sœur Anfélise femme de Guillaume de Saint-Bonnet, son château de Claveliers à sa sœur Alix femme de Bertrand de Saint-Nectaire, usufruit réservé à sa veuve [Marquise] qui mourut en 1271" and appointed "domni Willelmi de Baffia avunculi mei" as one of his executors[1009].  The precise relationship between Hercule and Guillaume [III] de Baffie (whose sister married Marguerite’s brother, see above) has not yet been ascertained.  m MARQUISE, daughter of --- (-1271). 

ii)         BEATRIX de Montboissier .  The testament of "Héracle de Montboissier", dated 13 Jan 1252, bequeathed "sa part de Saint-Germain-Laval à sa sœur Béatrix veuve d’Aimar de Baudimer, son château de Rochesavine à sa sœur Anfélise femme de Guillaume de Saint-Bonnet, son château de Claveliers à sa sœur Alix femme de Bertrand de Saint-Nectaire…"[1010]m AIMAR de Baudimer, son of --- (-before Jan 1252). 

iii)        ANFELISE de Montboissier .  The testament of "Héracle de Montboissier", dated 13 Jan 1252, bequeathed "sa part de Saint-Germain-Laval à sa sœur Béatrix veuve d’Aimar de Baudimer, son château de Rochesavine à sa sœur Anfélise femme de Guillaume de Saint-Bonnet, son château de Claveliers à sa sœur Alix femme de Bertrand de Saint-Nectaire…"[1011]m GUILLAUME de Saint-Bonnet, son of --- (-after 14 Jan 1252). 

iv)       ALIX de Montboissier .  The testament of "Héracle de Montboissier", dated 13 Jan 1252, bequeathed "sa part de Saint-Germain-Laval à sa sœur Béatrix veuve d’Aimar de Baudimer, son château de Rochesavine à sa sœur Anfélise femme de Guillaume de Saint-Bonnet, son château de Claveliers à sa sœur Alix femme de Bertrand de Saint-Nectaire…"[1012]m BERNARD de Saint-Nectaire, son of --- (-after 14 Jan 1252). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14.  VICOMTES de POLIGNAC

 

 

The name of the first known ancestor of this family suggests a relationship with the family of the vicomtes d’Auvergne (see Part B. of the current chapter), an individual referred to above as "Rigaud [III]" being the possible son of Robert [I] Vicomte d’Auvergne, named in the charter dated 20 Jan [911] under which "Rotbertus…vicecomes et Bernardus archidiaconus necnon et Ava cum filiis suis Rigaldo et Ostorgio" confirmed "eleemosinarii quondam Rigaldi" and donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Telamitensi in vicaria Ambronensi in villa…Bregonna" to Saint-Julien de Brioude dated 20 Jan [911], signed by "Armandi…"[1013].  This charter does not explain the relationship between the three main donors.  However, it is possible that they are two brothers and their sister-in-law who are confirming the donations of their deceased brother, father of the two named children.  The names Bertrand and Pons introduced into the family of the vicomtes de Polignac after Vicomte Dalmas [I] suggests a connection with the comtes de Gévaudan (see TOULOUSE NOBILITY), possibly through the Engelberge, second wife of Dalmas [I]. 

 

 

1.         RIGAUD [I] (-before [899]).  "Stephanus" donated property "in pago Arvernico in comitatu Brivatensi in villari…Ad illo Montilio…in vicaria de Cantilio, apsitatem…Baurianicas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the soul of "genitoris mei Rigaldi", by charter dated Jul [899], signed by "Hermengardis uxoris ipsius Stephani, Dalmatii"[1014]m ---.  The name of Rigaud’s wife is not known.  Rigaud & his wife had two children: 

a)         RIGAUD [II] .  "Stephanus [signed "Stephanus vicecomes") in vice germani mei Rigaldi" donated property "in pago Arvernico in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Loberias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for his soul and those of "Isembardi sive Nicetii", by undated charter[1015]

b)         ETIENNE [I] (-before [915]).  Vicomte.  "Stephanus [signed "Stephanus vicecomes") in vice germani mei Rigaldi" donated property "in pago Arvernico in comitatu Brivatensi in villa…Loberias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for his soul and those of "Isembardi sive Nicetii", by undated charter[1016].  "Stephanus" donated property "in pago Arvernico in comitatu Brivatensi in villari…Ad illo Montilio…in vicaria de Cantilio, apsitatem…Baurianicas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the soul of "genitoris mei Rigaldi", by charter dated Jul [899], signed by "Hermengardis uxoris ipsius Stephani, Dalmatii"[1017]m ERMENGARDE, daughter of --- (-before [915]).  "Stephanus" donated property "in pago Arvernico in comitatu Brivatensi in villari…Ad illo Montilio…in vicaria de Cantilio, apsitatem…Baurianicas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the soul of "genitoris mei Rigaldi", by charter dated Jul [899], signed by "Hermengardis uxoris ipsius Stephani, Dalmatii"[1018].  "Dalmacius" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi…curtem…Luberias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitore meo Stephano ac genitrice mea Ermengardi", by charter dated 28 Aug [915], signed by "Bertanæ conjugis ipsius Dalmacii, Icterii"[1019].  Etienne & his wife had one child: 

i)          DALMAS [I] (-after [954]).  "Stephanus" donated property "in pago Arvernico in comitatu Brivatensi in villari…Ad illo Montilio…in vicaria de Cantilio, apsitatem…Baurianicas" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the soul of "genitoris mei Rigaldi", by charter dated Jul [899], signed by "Hermengardis uxoris ipsius Stephani, Dalmatii"[1020]Vicomte.  "Dalmacius" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi…curtem…Luberias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitore meo Stephano ac genitrice mea Ermengardi", by charter dated 28 Aug [915], signed by "Bertanæ conjugis ipsius Dalmacii, Icterii"[1021].  "Dalmatius" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Brivatensi…in villa…Lotberias…villam…Barro…Vedrinas villa" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, with the consent of "uxore mea Ingilberga…Iterio et Beraldo et Stephano Aimono", for the souls of "genitoris mei Stephani et genetricis meæ", by charter dated Mar [918][1022].  "Dalmatius…vicecomes" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Brivatensi in vicaria Vejonensi in villa…Pinata" to the monastery of Brioude by charter dated 3 Jun [923/36][1023].  "Dalmatius" donated property "in orbe Arvernico in vice Nonatensi in villa…Cauliaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, with the consent of "uxore mea…Ingalberga", for the soul of "genitoris mei Stephani", by charter dated Feb [927], signed by "Bertrando, Eustorgio, Icterio, Eldegerio"[1024].  "…Dalmacii vicecomitis, Ingelbergæ, Dalmacii filii eius, Bertranni, Stephani, Rotberti vicecomitis, Bertelai, Eustorgii, Bernardi, Guiraldi, Rodrani" signed the charter dated 28 Aug [936] under which "Cunebertus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude to found the abbey of Chanteuge[1025].  "Dalmacii vicecomitis…" subscribed a charter dated Nov "regnante Lothario rege Francorum" under which "Rodravus" donated property "in villa…Siulengias"[1026].  "Guidonis comitis…Dalmacii vicecomitis…" subscribed the charter, dated Mar "regnante Lothario rege Francorum", under which "Bertrannus…vicecomitis et uxor mea Fides" donated property "curtem…Calcimontis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Dalmatii et matris meæ Ingelbergane et…filii mei Poncii"[1027]m firstly BERTANE, daughter of ---(-[18 Aug 915/917]).  "Dalmacius" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu et vicaria Brivatensi…curtem…Luberias" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, for the souls of "genitore meo Stephano ac genitrice mea Ermengardi", by charter dated 28 Aug [915], signed by "Bertanæ conjugis ipsius Dalmacii, Icterii"[1028]m secondly (before [918]) ENGELBERGE, daughter of ---.  "Dalmatius" donated property "in patria Arvernica in comitatu Brivatensi…in villa…Lotberias…villam…Barro…Vedrinas villa" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, with the consent of "uxore mea Ingilberga…Iterio et Beraldo et Stephano Aimono", for the souls of "genitoris mei Stephani et genetricis meæ", by charter dated Mar [918][1029].  "Dalmatius" donated property "in orbe Arvernico in vice Nonatensi in villa…Cauliaco" to Saint-Julien de Brioude, with the consent of "uxore mea…Ingalberga", for the soul of "genitoris mei Stephani", by charter dated Feb [927], signed by "Bertrando, Eustorgio, Icterio, Eldegerio"[1030].  "…Dalmacii vicecomitis, Ingelbergæ, Dalmacii filii eius, Bertranni, Stephani, Rotberti vicecomitis, Bertelai, Eustorgii, Bernardi, Guiraldi, Rodrani" signed the charter dated 28 Aug [936] under which "Cunebertus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude to found the abbey of Chanteuge[1031].  "Bertrannus…vicecomitis et uxor mea Fides" donated property "curtem…Calcimontis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Dalmatii et matris meæ Ingelbergane et…filii mei Poncii", by charter dated Mar "regnante Lothario rege Francorum"[1032].  Dalmas & his [first/second] wife had [one] child: 

(a)       DALMAS [II] (-after 983).  "…Dalmacii vicecomitis, Ingelbergæ, Dalmacii filii eius, Bertranni, Stephani, Rotberti vicecomitis, Bertelai, Eustorgii, Bernardi, Guiraldi, Rodrani" signed the charter dated 28 Aug [936] under which "Cunebertus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude to found the abbey of Chanteuge[1033].  "Dalmatium et Eldiardem uxorem eius" donated property "in cultura de Novacella" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter date Apr [962/63], signed by "Stephani et Gauzberti"[1034].  "Bertrannus…vicecomitis et uxor mea Fides" donated property "curtem…Calcimontis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Dalmatii et matris meæ Ingelbergane et…filii mei Poncii", by charter dated Mar, dated to [979/86] ("regnante Lothario rege Francorum"), subscribed by "Guidonis comitis…Dalmacii vicecomitis…"[1035]m ALDIARDE, daughter of ---.  "Dalmatium et Eldiardem uxorem eius" donated property "in cultura de Novacella" to Saint-Julien de Brioude by charter date Apr [962/63][1036].  Dalmas [II] & his wife had children: 

(1)       [daughter (-before 962).  The genealogy of the Seigneurs de Semur, included in the cartulary of Marcigny-sur-Loire and dated to [1144], names "Jaufrois qui eut la fille de Dalmas Vicomte de Briode" as son of "Joceran et Richoare"[1037].  It is not certain that "Dalmas Vicomte de Briode" refers to Vicomte Dalmas [II], but from a chronological point of view this appears probable.  m as his first wife, GEOFFROY de Semur, son of JOCERAN de Semur & his wife Richoara --- (-[1020]).  He succeeded his father in [992/94] as Seigneur de Semur.] 

Dalmas & his second wife had [two] children: 

(b)       BERTRAND (-after 979).  "…Dalmacii vicecomitis, Ingelbergæ, Dalmacii filii eius, Bertranni, Stephani, Rotberti vicecomitis, Bertelai, Eustorgii, Bernardi, Guiraldi, Rodrani" signed the charter dated 28 Aug [936] under which "Cunebertus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude to found the abbey of Chanteuge[1038]Vicomte.  "Bertrannus…vicecomitis et uxor mea Fides" donated property "curtem…Calcimontis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Dalmatii et matris meæ Ingelbergane et…filii mei Poncii", by charter dated Mar, dated to [979/86] ("regnante Lothario rege Francorum"), subscribed by "Guidonis comitis…Dalmacii vicecomitis…"[1039]m FOI, daughter of ---.  "Bertrannus…vicecomitis et uxor mea Fides" donated property "curtem…Calcimontis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Dalmatii et matris meæ Ingelbergane et…filii mei Poncii", by charter dated Mar "regnante Lothario rege Francorum"[1040].  Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

(1)       PONS (-after 979).  "Bertrannus…vicecomitis et uxor mea Fides" donated property "curtem…Calcimontis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Dalmatii et matris meæ Ingelbergane et…filii mei Poncii", by charter dated Mar, dated to [979/86] ("regnante Lothario rege Francorum"), subscribed by "Guidonis comitis…Dalmacii vicecomitis…"[1041]

(c)       [ETIENNE (-after 28 Aug [936]).  "…Dalmacii vicecomitis, Ingelbergæ, Dalmacii filii eius, Bertranni, Stephani, Rotberti vicecomitis, Bertelai, Eustorgii, Bernardi, Guiraldi, Rodrani" signed the charter dated 28 Aug [936] under which "Cunebertus" donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude to found the abbey of Chanteuge[1042].  The positioning of "Stephani" in the list of subscribers suggests that he may have been another son of Dalmas [I], younger than Bertrand.]  same person as…?  ETIENNE (-after Nov 954).  Boudet suggests this co-identity[1043]Vicomte.  "Sthephanus vicecomes" donated property "in villa…Altrenacum sita in Valle Amblavense" to Chamalières-sur-Loire en Velay by charter dated 952 witnessed by "uxor sua Bliosindis, Eraclius, Asterius, Guido"[1044].  "Stephano vicecomite et uxore eius Bliosinda" donated "in villa…Bargitas in pago Vellaico" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated Nov 954[1045]m BLIOSINDE, daughter of --- (-after Nov 954).  "Sthephanus vicecomes" donated property "in villa…Altrenacum sita in Valle Amblavense" to Chamalières-sur-Loire en Velay by charter dated 952 witnessed by "uxor sua Bliosindis, Eraclius, Asterius, Guido"[1046].  "Stephano vicecomite et uxore eius Bliosinda" donated "in villa…Bargitas in pago Vellaico" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated Nov 954[1047]

 

 

1.         ARMAND [III] (-after 6 Oct 1062).  Vicomte de Polignac.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc quotes a charter which names "Armand vicomte de Polignac…sa femme Adelaide et leurs fils Etienne, Guillaume et Pons"[1048].  "Etienne Evêque de Clermont" donated the church of Saint Andeol de Polignac to the abbey of Pebrac en Auvergne, with the consent of "Armand vicomte de Polignac son père", by charted dated 6 Oct 1062, subscribed by "Guillaume et Pons fils du vicomte"[1049]m ADELAIDE, daughter of ---.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc quotes a charter which names "Armand vicomte de Polignac…sa femme Adelaide et leurs fils Etienne, Guillaume et Pons"[1050].  Armand & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME .  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc quotes a charter which names "Armand vicomte de Polignac…sa femme Adelaide et leurs fils Etienne, Guillaume et Pons"[1051].  "Etienne Evêque de Clermont" donated the church of Saint Andeol de Polignac to the abbey of Pebrac en Auvergne, with the consent of "Armand vicomte de Polignac son père", by charted dated 6 Oct 1062, subscribed by "Guillaume et Pons fils du vicomte"[1052]Vicomte de Polignac

b)         ETIENNE de Polignac .  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc quotes a charter which names "Armand vicomte de Polignac…sa femme Adelaide et leurs fils Etienne, Guillaume et Pons"[1053]Bishop of Clermont .  "Etienne Evêque de Clermont" confirmed a donation to Tournus abbey by charter dated 1056, subscribed by "Armand moine fils du vicomte de Polignac"[1054].  "Etienne Evêque de Clermont" donated the church of Saint Andeol de Polignac to the abbey of Pebrac en Auvergne, with the consent of "Armand vicomte de Polignac son père", by charted dated 6 Oct 1062, subscribed by "Guillaume et Pons fils du vicomte"[1055]

c)         PONS .  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc quotes a charter which names "Armand vicomte de Polignac…sa femme Adelaide et leurs fils Etienne, Guillaume et Pons"[1056].  "Etienne Evêque de Clermont" donated the church of Saint Andeol de Polignac to the abbey of Pebrac en Auvergne, with the consent of "Armand vicomte de Polignac son père", by charted dated 6 Oct 1062, subscribed by "Guillaume et Pons fils du vicomte"[1057]

d)         ARNAUD .  "Armanni monachi filii vicecomitis de Polognac…" subscribed a charter dated 1056 under which "Falco de Ialiniaco" donated property to Tournus abbey "per manum domni Willelmi fratris mei", with the consent of "uxore mea Beatrice…filiis meis Gulferio atque Itherio"[1058].  Monk at Tournus. 

 

2.         --- .  m AUXILANDE, daughter of ---.  "Vicecomes Pontius cum fratre suo Heraclio et matre sua Auxiliendis" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Vicentii de Solemniaco" by "episcopus Ademarius bonæ memoriæ" to "sancto Theofredo et monasterio Calmiliensi" by charter dated 19 Apr 1080[1059].  Two children: 

a)         PONS (-after Dec 1105).  Vicomte de Polignac.  "Vicecomes Pontius cum fratre suo Heraclio et matre sua Auxiliendis" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Vicentii de Solemniaco" by "episcopus Ademarius bonæ memoriæ" to "sancto Theofredo et monasterio Calmiliensi", and "duo fratres" (unnamed) presented "Pontium et Petrum filios suos" to the church, by charter dated 19 Apr 1080 which also records that "nomina…filiorum" who donated the church were "Bertrandus et Beraldus fratres, filius…Petri Sylvius"[1060].  "Pons vicomte de Polignac fils d’Auxilande, neveu de l’évêque Etienne" issued a charter dated to [1080] which names "son frère vicomte Heracle"[1061].  “Pontius vicecomes et uxor mea Elizabeth et Armannus meus filius” donated property to the abbey of Conques by charter dated Dec 1105[1062]m ELISABETH, daughter of ---.  “Pontius vicecomes et uxor mea Elizabeth et Armannus meus filius” donated property to the abbey of Conques by charter dated Dec 1105[1063].  Pons & his wife had one child: 

i)          ARMAND [IV] .  “Pontius vicecomes et uxor mea Elizabeth et Armannus meus filius” donated property to the abbey of Conques by charter dated Dec 1105[1064], the wording of this charter suggesting that Armand may not have been the son of Elisabeth.  Vicomte de Polignac

b)         HERACLE (-Antioch 1098).  "Vicecomes Pontius cum fratre suo Heraclio et matre sua Auxiliendis" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Vicentii de Solemniaco" by "episcopus Ademarius bonæ memoriæ" to "sancto Theofredo et monasterio Calmiliensi" by charter dated 19 Apr 1080[1065]Vicomte de Polignac.  "Heraclius vicecomes cum Richarda uxore mea" donated "ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Roseriis" to Chamalières-sur-Loire en Velay by charter dated to [1096][1066]m RICHARDE, daughter of ---.  "Heraclius vicecomes cum Richarda uxore mea" donated "ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Roseriis" to Chamalières-sur-Loire en Velay by charter dated to [1096][1067]

 

 

3.         ARMAND (-1171 or after).  Vicomte de Polignac.  A charter of Louis VII King of France dated 1171 records a settlement between "Armannus vicecomes Podemniaci et filii eius Pontius et Eraclius" and Pierre Bishop of Le Puy[1068]m ---.  The name of Arnaud’s wife is not known.  Armand & his wife had two children: 

a)         PONS (-after Jun 1191).  A charter of Louis VII King of France dated 1171 records a settlement between "Armannus vicecomes Podemniaci et filii eius Pontius et Eraclius" and Pierre Bishop of Le Puy[1069]Vicomte de Polignac.  "Pons lo vescons de Poauniac" donated his rights in "Chantotoen" to the Templars at Puy-en-Velay, with the consent of "Erailz son filz, e’nz Esteves", in compensation for 50 silver marcs bequeathed to the Temple by "Armans…mon paire", by charter dated to [1170][1070].  "Humbertus de Bellojoco" confirmed that "Guigo comes Forensis nepos meus" relinquished claims over Savigny abbey, which arose after "vicecomitem de Poliniac et filium suum Heracium" were captured, by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Guido de Garlanda et Guido Pincerna et Guido de Capreosa consanguineus meus…"[1071].  “Poncius vicecomes Podemniaco” guaranteed a loan by charter dated Jun 1191 at Acre[1072].  m --- de Ceyssac, daughter of ---.  Pons & his wife had three children: 

i)          HERACLE (-1200 or after).  "Pons lo vescons de Poauniac" donated his rights in "Chantotoen" to the Templars at Puy-en-Velay, with the consent of "Erailz son filz, e’nz Esteves", in compensation for 50 silver marcs bequeathed to the Temple by "Armans…mon paire", by charter dated to [1170][1073].  "Humbertus de Bellojoco" confirmed that "Guigo comes Forensis nepos meus" relinquished claims over Savigny abbey, which arose after "vicecomitem de Poliniac et filium suum Heracium" were captured, by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Guido de Garlanda et Guido Pincerna et Guido de Capreosa consanguineus meus…"[1074]Vicomte de Polignacm BELISENDE, daughter of GUILLAUME [VII] Comte d'Auvergne & his wife Marquise d'Albon.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated 1233 under which "Delphinus comes Claromontensis" granted rights "in castro de Salazuit" to "Pontio vicecomiti Poligniaci filio Pontii quondam vicecomitis Poliniaci nepotis nostri"[1075].  Baluze states that she was "une sœur de la comtesse de Montferrand femme de Dauphin" without providing the reference to the primary source on which he bases this statement[1076].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   Héracle & his wife had one child: 

(a)       PONS (-before 25 Feb 1253)Vicomte de Polignac

-         see below

ii)         ETIENNE de Rochesavine .  "Pons lo vescons de Poauniac" donated his rights in "Chantotoen" to the Templars at Puy-en-Velay, with the consent of "Erailz son filz, e’nz Esteves", in compensation for 50 silver marcs bequeathed to the Temple by "Armans…mon paire", by charter dated to [1170][1077]

iii)        HUGUES (-bur Viaye).  Canon at Brioude, doyen du Puy. 

b)         HERACLE (-after 1171).  A charter of Louis VII King of France dated 1171 records a settlement between "Armannus vicecomes Podemniaci et filii eius Pontius et Eraclius" and Pierre Bishop of Le Puy[1078]

 

 

PONS de Polignac, son of HERACLE Vicomte de Polignac & his wife Bélisende d’Auvergne (-before 25 Feb 1253)Vicomte de Polignac.  "Pontius vicecomes Podemniaci" swore allegiance to the Bishop of Le Puy by charter dated Aug 1213[1079].  "Delphinus comes Claromontensis" granted rights "in castro de Salazuit" to "Pontio vicecomiti Poligniaci filio Pontii quondam vicecomitis Poliniaci nepotis nostri" by charter dated 1233[1080]

m (contract 22 Oct 1223) ALIX de Trainel, daughter of GARNIER [III] Sire de Trainel et de Marigny & his wife ---.  The marriage contract between "Pontium vicecomitem Podempniaci" and "Aalais filia domini Garnerii de Triangulo" is dated 22 Oct 1223[1081]

Pons & his wife had two children: 

1.         ARMAND [V] (-before 11 Jan 1274)Vicomte de Polignacm (1251) BEATRIX de Mercœur, daughter of BERAUD [VI] Sire de Mercœur & his wife Beatrix [Agnes] de Bourbon (-before 3 May 1272).  Armand [V] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ARMAND [VI] (1259-29 Apr 1289)Vicomte de Polignacm firstly --- de Saint-Bonnet, daughter of ---.  m secondly (1277) MARQUISE de Randon, daughter of GUILLAUME de Randon & his wife Valpurge de Rodez.  Armand [VI] & his second wife had three children: 

i)          GUILLAUME de Randon dit ARMAND [VII] (-after 9 Jan 1343)Vicomte de Polignac 1295.  Seigneur de Luc de Randon.  A charter dated 23 Jun 1372 records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties, which names "Armandum vicecomitem Podonniaci ultimo defunctum, Guillelmum de Randone et Yolendim matre Melioris d’Apcher" as the legitimate children of "Armandus antiquus dudum vicecomes Podonniaci", records that "dictus Guillelmus de Randone et dicta Melior filia Yolandis antea defunctæ, materque Iauberti" were his heirs when he died in 1343, that "Armando iuniori...Catharinæ filiæ suæ ex ipso et Catherina domina dicti castri de Bousoulz eius prima uxore" was heir to "castrum de Bousoulz...in baillivia Vallaviæ" with "liberos Ioannis de Randone quondam militis filii dicti Guillelmi de Randone" as substitutes, that "Poncius de Podonniaco quondam decanus Brivatensis...frater dicti Armandi vicecomitis antiquioris, patruusque dictorum Armandi iunioris ultimo defuncti et Guillelmi de Randone" held "castra de la Volte, de Rocos et de Solazut...in vicecomitatu Podonniaci" during his lifetime, and that "dictus vicecomes ultimo defunctus" married "Polia de Poitiers" as his second wife and granted her "castra sua de Sessac et de sancto Paulino"[1082]m firstly (Apr 1300) CATHERINE de Bouzols Dame de Bouzols, daughter of BERAUD Seigneur de Bouzols & his wife Eustache Gamelin (-after 18 Apr 1332).  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties, recording that "Armando iuniori...Catharinæ filiæ suæ ex ipso et Catherina domina dicti castri de Bousoulz eius prima uxore" was heir to "castrum de Bousoulz...in baillivia Vallaviæ"[1083]m secondly (after 1332) as her second husband, POLIE de Poitiers, widow of RENAUD [III] Comte de Dammartin, daughter of AYMAR [IV] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois & his second wife Sibylle de Baux ([1307/08]-[24 Nov 1346/3 Nov 1347]).  The testament of "dominus Aimarus de Pictavia Comes Valentinensis et Diensis", dated 12 Aug 1339, makes bequests to "...Poliæ filiæ suæ consorti Vicecomitis Podonniaci..."[1084].  A charter dated 23 Jun 1372, which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties, states that "dictus vicecomes ultimo defunctus" married "Polia de Poitiers" as his second wife and granted her "castra sua de Sessac et de sancto Paulino"[1085].  Guillaume & his first wife had four children: 

(a)       ARMAND (-before 18 Apr 1332).  Seigneur de Bouzols.  m (1326) as her first husband, ALEMANDE Flotte de Revel, daughter of GUILLAUME Flotte de Revel Chancelier de France & his wife Jeanne d’Amboise (-1371).  She married secondly ([1335]) Eustache de Conflans Seigneur du Mareuil, thirdly (before 1343) as his second wife, Enguerrand de Coucy Vicomte de Meaux.   She married fourthly (after 1344) his second wife, Gaucher [VIII] de Châtillon Seigneur de Châtillon.  . 

(b)       MARQUESE (-before 7 Mar 1341).  m (1324) ASTORGE de Peyre, son of --- (-1342 or after). 

(c)       BEATRIX (-after 1341).  Prioress of La Vaudieu. 

(d)       CATHERINE .  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties, recording that "Armando iuniori...Catharinæ filiæ suæ ex ipso et Catherina domina dicti castri de Bousoulz eius prima uxore" was heir to "castrum de Bousoulz...in baillivia Vallaviæ" with "liberos Ioannis de Randone quondam militis filii dicti Guillelmi de Randone" as substitutes[1086]

ii)         ARMAND [VIII] [GUILLAUME] (after 26 Mar 1289-1351 or after).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties, which names "Armandum vicecomitem Podonniaci ultimo defunctum, Guillelmum de Randone et Yolendim matre Melioris d’Apcher" as the legitimate children of "Armandus antiquus dudum vicecomes Podonniaci"[1087]Vicomte de Polignac

-         see below

iii)        YOLANDE (-before 1343).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties, which names "Armandum vicecomitem Podonniaci ultimo defunctum, Guillelmum de Randone et Yolendim matre Melioris d’Apcher" as the legitimate children of "Armandus antiquus dudum vicecomes Podonniaci" and records that "dictus Guillelmus de Randone et dicta Melior filia Yolandis antea defunctæ, materque Iauberti" were his heirs when he died in 1343[1088]m --- d’Apcher, son of ---. 

b)         PONS .  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties, which records that "Poncius de Podonniaco quondam decanus Brivatensis...frater dicti Armandi vicecomitis antiquioris, patruusque dictorum Armandi iunioris ultimo defuncti et Guillelmi de Randone" held "castra de la Volte, de Rocos et de Solazut...in vicecomitatu Podonniaci" during his lifetime[1089]

2.         AGNES m (1245) HERACLE de Montlaur, son of HERACLE Seigneur de Montlaur & his wife Marguerite d’Auvergne. 

 

 

ARMAND [VIII] [GUILLAUME] de Polignac, son of ARMAND [VI] Vicomte de Polignac & his second wife Marquise de Randon (after 26 Mar 1289-1351 or after).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties, which names "Armandum vicecomitem Podonniaci ultimo defunctum, Guillelmum de Randone et Yolendim matre Melioris d’Apcher" as the legitimate children of "Armandus antiquus dudum vicecomes Podonniaci"[1090]Vicomte de Polignac

m (before 21 Jul 1314) BEATRIX de Baux, daughter of BERTRAND [IV] de Baux Prince d’Orange & his wife Eléonore de Genève (-after 1332). 

Armand [VIII] & his wife had one child: 

1.         JEAN (-before 9 Jan 1343)m (1331) MARGUERITE de Roquefeuil, daughter of RAYMOND de Roquefeuil & his wife ---.  Jean & his wife had six children: 

a)         ARMAND [IX] (-before 11 Apr 1386).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties[1091]Vicomte de Polignacm firstly (1347) MARGUERITE de Solignac, daughter of LIOUTAUD de Solignac & his wife Marguerite Adhémar de Monteil (-before 9 May 1363).  m secondly ([1370]) ISABELLE de Saint-Didier, daughter of PIERRE de Saint-Didier & his wife Philippa de Colombier (-before 16 Apr 1372).  m thirdly (Jan 1379) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Beaufort, daughter of GUILLAUME [III] Roger Comte de Beaufort-en-Vallée Vicomte de Turenne & his wife --- (1365-after 1415).  She married secondly ([25 Dec 1391]) Jean le Vayer Seigneur de Cosmes de la ClartéArmand [IX] & his first wife had one child: 

i)          JEAN (-before 1372).  m as her first husband, TIBOUR de Saint-Didier, daughter of ---.  She married secondly Louis de Joyeuse

b)         GUILLAUME (-after 23 Jun 1372).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties[1092]

c)         RANDON-ARMAND [X] (-before 10 May 1421).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 23 Jun 1372 which records judgment in a dispute between "Laubertum de Breone militum" and "Armandum nunc vicecomitem Podonniaci, Guillelmum ac Randonetum fratres, liberos defuncti Ioannis de Randone quondam militis" concerning the succession to Polignac properties[1093]Vicomte de Polignac.  Baron de Solignac.  m firstly (1367) MASCARONE de Montaigut-Listenois, daughter of GUILLAUME AYCELIN de Montagut-Listenois & his wife Dauphine de Montboissier (-after 3 May 1410).  m secondly (after 1410) CLAUDE de Roussillon, widow of JOUVENIN de Montchenu, daughter of GUILLAUME de Roussillon & his wife --- (-after 4 Oct 1431).  Armand [X] & his first wife had two children: 

i)          RANDONNET (-[1399/1400])m (contract 16 Jan 1390) JEANNE de Clermont, daughter of BERAUD [II] Dauphin d’Auvergne & his third wife Marguerite Ctss de Sancerre (-after 1400).  The marriage contract between "Dominus Armandus sive Randonus vicecomes Podompniaci et…Randonus dicti domini vicecomitis filius" and "Johanna Dalphina filia…Beraldi Delphini Alverniæ comitis Claromontis" is dated 16 Jan 1389 (O.S.), and names "Beraldo, Johanne, Ludovico et Rotberto eorum liberis"[1094]

ii)         MARGUERITE (-before 10 May 1421).  m (contract 4 Jun 1398) LOUIS Baron de Montlaur, son of --- (-1438 or after). 

d)         VALPURGE (-after 4 Sep 1371).  Her son succeeded as vicomte de Polignac in 1428.  m (1349) as his first wife, GUILLAUME Baron de Chalencon, son of GUY de Chalencon & his wife Isabelle Dauphine de Clermont (-after 4 Sep 1411). 

e)         BEATRIX (-[1418]).  m PIERRE de Langeac, son of ---. 

f)          ELEONORE

 

 

 

 

Chapter 15.  SEIGNEURS de THIERN

 

 

1.         MATFRED, son of --- (-before Feb 962).  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculis meis Heustorgio, Magfredo…et Guidone necnon…" by charter dated 7 Oct 945[1095].  Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of "…avunculorum meorum Austorgii…Matfredi ac Guidonis…" by charter dated Feb 962[1096]same person as…?  MATFREDSeigneur de Thiern.  According to La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez, the seigneurs de Thiern descended from Matfred, fourth son of "Armand I vicomte d’Auvergne"[1097].  La Mure does not cite the primary source on which this assertion is based, although it would appear that he is indicating the same Matfred who is named in the charters dated 945 and 962.  The editor of the edition consulted highlights that the descent is inconsistent with Baluze’s Histoire généalogique de la maison d’Auvergnem ---.  The name of Matfred’s wife is not known.  Matfred & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [GUY [I] (-962).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guy I seigneur de Thiers" as older son of Matfred, adding that he died childless in 962, without citing the primary source on which this is based[1098]Seigneur de Thiern

b)         [ETIENNE [I] .  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Etienne I seigneur de Thiers" as younger son of Matfred, adding that he succeeded his brother, without citing the primary source on which this is based[1099]Seigneur de Thiernm ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez as the wife of Etienne [I] Seigneur de Thiern, without citing the primary source on which this is based[1100].  Etienne [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          [GUY [II] (-after 978).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guy II seigneur de Thiers, Theotard et Gilbert" as the three sons of Etienne [I] Seigneur de Thiern and his wife, adding that in 978 they restored to Cluny the property donated by "Amblard II archévêque de Lyon leur cousin" which they had usurped[1101].  The charter in question has not been found in Bernard and Bruel’s compilation of Cluny charters.  The latter does include a charter dated 9 Aug 978 under which "Amblardus Lugdunensis archiepiscopus" donated property "in pago Arvernico in agro Tiernense in vicaria Doratense…Nimsiacum villam…villam Gevretam…Montem Brisonem…Arlatium villam…et Selviacum…" to Cluny for the construction of a monastery[1102].]   

ii)         [THEOTARD (-after 978).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guy II seigneur de Thiers, Theotard et Gilbert" as the three sons of Etienne [I] Seigneur de Thiern and his wife, adding that in 978 they restored to Cluny the property donated by "Amblard II archévêque de Lyon leur cousin" which they had usurped[1103].] 

iii)        [GILBERT (-after 978).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guy II seigneur de Thiers, Theotard et Gilbert" as the three sons of Etienne [I] Seigneur de Thiern and his wife, adding that in 978 they restored to Cluny the property donated by "Amblard II archévêque de Lyon leur cousin" which they had usurped[1104].] 

 

 

1.         GUY [II] (-1031).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez identifies Guy [II] Seigneur de Thiern as the son of Etienne [I] Seigneur de Thiern who is named above[1105].  The primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  Seigneur de Thiern.  "Wido" donated property "monasterium Tiernense" to Cluny with the support of "uxoris sue Riclendis et filiorum Theothardi, Vuillelmi atque Stephani" by charter dated Sep 1012, subscribed by "Wilelmus comes"[1106].  According to La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez, Guy [II] Seigneur de Thiern died in 1031 but he cites no primary source on which this is based[1107]m RICLENDE, daughter of --- (-after 1048).  "Wido" donated property "monasterium Tiernense" to Cluny with the support of "uxoris sue Riclendis et filiorum Theothardi, Vuillelmi atque Stephani" by charter dated Sep 1012[1108].  Baluze records that Theotard founded "le chapitre de Saint Martin d’Artonne en Auvergne" by charter dated 1048 which names "sa mere Reclinde…sa femme…Ponce"[1109].  Guy & his wife had three children: 

a)         THEOTARD de Thiern .  "Wido" donated property "monasterium Tiernense" to Cluny with the support of "uxoris sue Riclendis et filiorum Theothardi, Vuillelmi atque Stephani" by charter dated Sep 1012[1110]

b)         GUILLAUME [I] de Thiern (-after 1048).  "Wido" donated property "monasterium Tiernense" to Cluny with the support of "uxoris sue Riclendis et filiorum Theothardi, Vuillelmi atque Stephani" by charter dated Sep 1012[1111].  Baluze records that Guillaume founded "le chapitre de Saint Martin d’Artonne en Auvergne" by charter dated 1048 which names "sa mere Reclinde…sa femme…Ponce"[1112]m PONCE, daughter of --- (-after 1048).  Baluze records that Guillaume founded "le chapitre de Saint Martin d’Artonne en Auvergne" by charter dated 1048 which names "sa mere Reclinde…sa femme…Ponce"[1113]

c)         ETIENNE de Thiern .  "Wido" donated property "monasterium Tiernense" to Cluny with the support of "uxoris sue Riclendis et filiorum Theothardi, Vuillelmi atque Stephani" by charter dated Sep 1012[1114]

 

 

Two children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [II] de Thiern (-after Nov 1083).  The primary source which confirms Guillaume's parentage has not been identified, but it is probable that he was the grandson of Guy [II].  Baluze names the parents of "Guillaume II" as "Estienne", son of Guillaume [I], and "Blanche" but cites no primary source which provides the basis for his statements[1115]Seigneur de Thiern.  "Willelmus et uxor mea Adeleida" donated "in pago Limagniæ terram…Caverossum" by charter dated to [1049/1109] signed by "Stephani fratris eius"[1116].  "Willelmus Tier" witnessed the donation to Cluny of "Ermengardis" (his sister-in-law) dated Nov 1083, apparently indicating that he was still alive at that date (assuming the date is correct)[1117]m ADELAIS de Chalon, daughter of THIBAUT Comte de Chalon & his wife Ermentrude --- (-1080 or after).  "Willelmus et uxor mea Adeleida" donated "in pago Limagniæ terram…Caverossum" by charter dated to [1049/1109] signed by "Stephani fratris eius"[1118].  She is named with her son "W. of the Auvergne" in the 1080 charter which attests the election of a new bishop of Chalon, the charter commenting that there was then no "territorial prince" at Chalon[1119].  Guillaume [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         GUILLAUME [III] de Thiern (-[after 1088]).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez states that "Guillaume…et son frère Guy" confirmed a donation to Cluny by their father, with the consent of their mother, by charter dated 1088[1120].  The charter in question has not been found in Bernard and Bruel’s compilation of Cluny charters.  It is not known whether the charter existed but has since disappeared or whether La Mure’s statement is inaccurate.  Seigneur de Thiernm ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known.  Guillaume [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUY [III] de Thiern (-after 1130).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guy III seigneur de Thiers" as the son of Guillaume [III], adding that he was living in 1130, but cites no primary source which confirms his parentage[1121]Seigneur de Thiern

-         see below

b)         GUY de Thiern (-[1113]).  "Domna comitissa Adheleidis [Teudbaldi comitis filia]" donated property to Paray-le-Monial with the consent of "domnus Wido de Tier filius eius, domnus Hugo Dalmatius, domnus Gaufredus Donzi" by undated charter[1122].  He succeeded [his maternal uncle in 1078] as Comte de Chalon, but shared the county with Geoffroy de Donzy[1123].  An undated charter records that "Gaufridus de Dunziaco" held "partem mediam comitatus Cabilonensis" together "cum Wydone de Tyhæra"[1124].

-        COMTES de CHALON

c)         [HUGUES de Thiern .  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names Hugues as the third son of Guillaume [II] Seigneur de Thiern, adding that he died childless, but cites no primary source on which this is based[1125].] 

d)         WANDELMODE de Thiern .  The primary source which confirms her origin and marriage has not yet been identified.  1079.  m as his first wife, HUMBERT [II] Seigneur de Beaujeu, son of GUICHARD [II] Seigneur de Beaujeu & his wife Richoara --- (-[1102/03]). 

2.         ETIENNE .  "Willelmus et uxor mea Adeleida" donated "in pago Limagniæ terram…Caverossum" by charter dated to [1049/1109] signed by "Stephani fratris eius"[1126]

 

 

GUY [III] de Thiern, son of [GUILLAUME [III] Seigneur de Thiern & his wife ---] (-after 1130).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guy III seigneur de Thiers" as the son of Guillaume [III], adding that he was living in 1130, but cites no primary source which confirms his parentage[1127]Seigneur de Thiern

m ---.  The name of Guy’s wife is not known. 

Guy [III] & his wife had one child:

1.         GUY [IV] de Thiern (-after 1155).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guy IV seigneur de Thiers" as the son of Guy [III], adding that he confirmed his father’s donation to the abbey of Moustiers-lez-Thiers in 1155 without citing or quoting the primary source on which this statement is based[1128]Seigneur de Thiernm ---.  The name of Guy’s wife is not known.  Guy [IV] & his wife had one child:

a)         GUY [V] (-after 1185).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guy V seigneur de Thiers" as the son of Guy [IV] but cites no primary source which confirms his parentage[1129].  Seigneur de Thiernm (before 1185) CLEMENCE de Courtenay, daughter of PIERRE de France Seigneur de Courtenay & his wife Elisabeth dame de Courtenay.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the sisters of "comitem Petrum Autissiodorensem et Robertum de Cortenaio et quondam Guillemum" as "Alaydis...alia mater Hugonis de Marchia in Hungaria, tertia Clementia…quarta domna de Charrosio in Bituria, quinta Constantia", specifying that Clémence was mother of "Guidonis de Tyero in Alvernia"[1130].  Guy [IV] & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUY [VI] (-after Feb 1236).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Guidonis de Tyero in Alvernia" as son of Clémence, sister of "comitem Petrum Autissiodorensem et Robertum de Cortenaio et quondam Guillemum"[1131]Seigneur de Thiern

-         see below

ii)         ETIENNE de Thiern .  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Etienne de Thiers" as second son of Guy [V] but cites no primary source which confirms his parentage[1132]m (1248) BLANCHE de Volore, daughter of ARBERT Seigneur de Volore & his wife ---.  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez states that "Etienne de Thiers" married "Blanche de Volore, nièce et filleule de Blanche de Volore prieure de St-Thomas en Forez, et fille unique et héritière d’Arbert seigneur de Volore en Auvergne" but cites no primary source which confirms her parentage or marriage[1133].  Etienne & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GUILLAUME de Thiern (-after 1269).  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Guillaume de Thiers seigneur de Volore" as son of Guillaume de Thiern, adding that he was living in 1269, but cites no primary source which confirms his parentage[1134]m ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had two children:

(1)       ETIENNE de Thiern .  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Etienne de Thiers seigneur de Maubec" as son of Guillaume de Thiern, adding that he died childless, but cites no primary source which confirms his parentage[1135].  Seigneur de Maubec. 

(2)       MARGUERITE de Thiern .  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Marguerite de Thiers" as daughter of Guillaume de Thiern, adding that she married "avec dispense Guy VII seigneur de Thiers", but cites no primary source which confirms his parentage[1136]m (1271 or before) GUY [VII] Seigneur de Thiern, son of CHATARD Seigneur de Thiern & his second wife Brunissende dame de Peschadoires (-[1300]). 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of the family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below.  The reconstruction is based La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez cites no primary sources in confirmation[1137]

 

GUY [VI] de Thiern, son of GUY [V] Seigneur de Thiern & his wife Clémence de Courtenay (-after Feb 1236).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Guidonis de Tyero in Alvernia" as son of Clémence, sister of "comitem Petrum Autissiodorensem et Robertum de Cortenaio et quondam Guillemum"[1138]Seigneur de Thiern.  "Guigo comes Nivernensis et Forensis" noted the settlement of a dispute between the church of Thiern and "Guidonem dominum Thierni…et Marquisia uxore sua et Chatardo ipsorum filio" by charter dated Feb 1236[1139]

m MARQUISE de Forez, daughter of GUY [III] Comte de Forez [Albon] & his second wife Adelasia --- (-[1237/39]).  "Patris mei et nepos meus Guigo et sorores eius Guigona et Marquissa et uxor fratris mei Adaladix comitissa" consented to the charter dated Dec 1203 under which "R…Lugdunensis ecclesiæ archiepiscopus" donated property to Cluny, as instructed by "Guidonis fratris mei comitis Forensis" who had assigned "comitatum Forensem in manu mea nomine tutelæ liberorum ipsius, nepotum meorum", to found an anniversary for his brother[1140].  Her marriage is indicated by the testament of "Raynaudus comes Forensis et dominus Bellijoci", dated Jun 1270, which names her son "Guidonem consanguinem meum dominum de Tyerno" as his heir in substitution[1141].  "Guigo comes Nivernensis et Forensis" noted the settlement of a dispute between the church of Thiern and "Guidonem dominum Thierni…et Marquisia uxore sua et Chatardo ipsorum filio" by charter dated Feb 1236[1142]

Guy [VI] & his wife had children: 

1.         CHATARD de Thiern (-before 1295, bur Thiern Saint-Genese).  "Guigo comes Nivernensis et Forensis" noted the settlement of a dispute between the church of Thiern and "Guidonem dominum Thierni…et Marquisia uxore sua et Chatardo ipsorum filio" by charter dated Feb 1236[1143]Seigneur de Thiernm firstly ---.  The name of Chatard’s first wife is not known.  m secondly BRUNISSENDE de Comborn Dame de Peschadoires et de Volore, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD [VII] Vicomte de Comborn & his first wife Marie de Limoges (-after 23 Aug 1295, bur Thiern Saint-Genese).  The testament of "Brunicendis de Combornio domina Thierni et de Piscatoriis" is dated 23 Aug 1295 and names as her heirs "Guidonem dominum Thierni et Chatardum præpositum eiusdem loci liberos meos et Margaritam dominam de Buisseto filiam meam" and chooses burial "in ecclesia sancti Genesii Thiernensis, ubi est corpus domini Chatardi domini de Thierno quondam mariti mei"[1144].  Chatard & his first wife had one child: 

a)         MARQUISE de Thiern .  Dame de Busset.  m PIERRE Seigneur de Broc, son of ---. 

Chatard & his second wife had three children:  

b)         GUY [VII] de Thiern (-[1300])Seigneur de Thiern.  The testament of "Raynaudus comes Forensis et dominus Bellijoci" is dated Jun 1270 and names "Guidonem consanguinem meum dominum de Tyerno" as his heir in substitution[1145].  The testament of "Brunicendis de Combornio domina Thierni et de Piscatoriis" is dated 23 Aug 1295 and names as her heirs "Guidonem dominum Thierni et Chatardum præpositum eiusdem loci liberos meos et Margaritam dominam de Buisseto filiam meam"[1146].  "Guy seigneur de Thiers" granted the castle of Thiers to "Guillaume de Thiers son fils émancipé" by charter dated 16 Aug 1292[1147]m (1271 or before) MARGUERITE de Thiern, daughter of GUILLAUME de Thiern Seigneur de Volore & his wife ---.  La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez names "Marguerite de Thiers" as daughter of Guillaume de Thiern, adding that she married "avec dispense Guy VII seigneur de Thiers", but cites no primary source which confirms his parentage[1148].  Guy [VII] & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUILLAUME [IV] de Thiern (-1311).  "Guy seigneur de Thiers" granted the castle of Thiers to "Guillaume de Thiers son fils émancipé" by charter dated 16 Aug 1292[1149]Seigneur de Thiernm as her first husband, AGNES de Maumont, daughter of ---.  She married secondly ([1312]) as his second wife, Guillaume Guenand Seigneur de Bordes en Touraine.  The 19th century editor of La Mure’s Histoire des Comtes de Forez quotes a charter dated 1312 under which "Ahelida de Laviaco filia domini Hugonis de Laviaco et domina Miraclæ dominæ de Feugiroliis conjugum quondam et Miracla filia dictæ Miraclæ filiæ et Hodinetum de Chantois maritum dictæ Miraclæ filiæ" settled a dispute with "nobilem Ayglinam de Calanconio dominam de Feugeroliis" concerning the dowry of her mother which remained unpaid[1150].  Guillaume [IV] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GUILLAUME [V] de Thiern (-1320).  Betrothed to RADEGONDE Guenand, daughter of GUILLAUME Guenand Seigneur de Bordes en Touraine & his first wife ---.  She later married Guy [V] Seigneur de la Trémoïlle. 

(b)       CONTOUR de Thiernm HUMBERT GUY Seigneur de Chabannes, son of ROBERT GUY Seigneur de Chabannes en Auvergne & his wife ---. 

(c)       BRUNISSENDE de Thiernm GUILLAUME Guenand, son of GUILLAUME Guenand Seigneur de Bordes en Touraine & his first wife ---. 

ii)         LOUIS de Thiern .  Seigneur de Volore.  m (1301) ISABEAU Damas, daughter of HUGUES Damas Seigneur de Cousan en Forez & his wife Alice de La Perrière. 

-         SEIGNEURS de VOLORE[1151]

iii)        JEANNE de Thiernm (1314) ITHIER Seigneur de Bréon et de Merdogne, son of ---. 

c)         CHATARD .  The testament of "Brunicendis de Combornio domina Thierni et de Piscatoriis" is dated 23 Aug 1295 and names as her heirs "Guidonem dominum Thierni et Chatardum præpositum eiusdem loci liberos meos et Margaritam dominam de Buisseto filiam meam"[1152]

d)         MARGUERITE .  The testament of "Brunicendis de Combornio domina Thierni et de Piscatoriis" is dated 23 Aug 1295 and names as her heirs "Guidonem dominum Thierni et Chatardum præpositum eiusdem loci liberos meos et Margaritam dominam de Buisseto filiam meam"[1153]

2.         GUY de Thiern (-after Jun 1270).  The testament of "Raynaudus comes Forensis et dominus Bellijoci" is dated Jun 1270 and names "Guidonem consanguinem meum dominum de Tyerno" as his heir in substitution and states that, if he inherits, he should provide for "domino Guidoni de Tyerno consanguineo meo canonicus LugdunensisHugoni de Tyerno consanguineo meo fratri eiusdem canonici Guidonis…"[1154].  Canon at Lyon cathedral. 

3.         HUGUES de Thiern (-after Jun 1270).  The testament of "Raynaudus comes Forensis et dominus Bellijoci" is dated Jun 1270 and names "Guidonem consanguinem meum dominum de Tyerno" as his heir in substitution and states that, if he inherits, he should provide for "domino Guidoni de Tyerno consanguineo meo canonicus LugdunensisHugoni de Tyerno consanguineo meo fratri eiusdem canonici Guidonis…"[1155].  Seigneur de Poncins en Forez. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 16.  SEIGNEURS de la TOUR

 

 

1.         BERNARD [I] de Tour, son of GERAUD de la Tour & his wife Gausberge --- .  "Bernardus" donated "medietatem de ecclesia…Plauziacum" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei Geraldi et matris mee Gauzberge et avi mei Bernardi", by undated charter[1156]

 

 

Four brothers, parents not known: 

1.         BERNARD de Tour .  "Bernardus qui de Turre vocor…et fratres mei Bertrannus et Guillelmus et mater nostra" donated "ecclesia de Turre…sicut avus meus et avunculi et pater dederunt" to Sauxillanges by undated charter, signed by "…Stephani monachi de Turre fratris eorum"[1157].  The dating of this charter is difficult, but presumably it dates from the late 10th to early 11th century in common with many of the charters in the cartulary of Sauxillanges. 

2.         BERTRAND .  "Bernardus qui de Turre vocor…et fratres mei Bertrannus et Guillelmus et mater nostra" donated "ecclesia de Turre…sicut avus meus et avunculi et pater dederunt" to Sauxillanges by undated charter, signed by "…Stephani monachi de Turre fratris eorum"[1158]

3.         GUILLAUME .  "Bernardus qui de Turre vocor…et fratres mei Bertrannus et Guillelmus et mater nostra" donated "ecclesia de Turre…sicut avus meus et avunculi et pater dederunt" to Sauxillanges by undated charter, signed by "…Stephani monachi de Turre fratris eorum"[1159]

4.         ETIENNE .  "Bernardus qui de Turre vocor…et fratres mei Bertrannus et Guillelmus et mater nostra" donated "ecclesia de Turre…sicut avus meus et avunculi et pater dederunt" to Sauxillanges by undated charter, signed by "…Stephani monachi de Turre fratris eorum"[1160]

 

 

Four brothers, parents not known.  According to Baluze, they were the sons of Bernard [I] de Tour (see above) but the documents which he quotes do not confirm the connection[1161]

1.         GERAUD de Tour .  "Geraldus de Turre et fratres mei…Stephanus et Bertrannus et Bernardus" donated "ecclesia S. Nazarii de Cengle" to Sauxillanges by charter dated "Kal Jun regnante Philippo rege"[1162].  The dating of this charter is difficult, but presumably it dates from the late 10th to early 11th century in common with many of the charters in the cartulary of Sauxillanges.  "Geraldus miles de castro…de la Tur…in valle…Taleves" donated "partem in ecclesia sancti Pardulfi et merchat de Turre" to Cluny by undated charter signed by "Stephani et fratris sui, Bertranni monachi fratris sui, Durandi episcopi Arvernensis, Rotberti comitis Arvernensis…"[1163]m ---.  Géraud & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERNARD .  "Bernardus" donated "illius mansi quam tenet Ademarus de Salzeda…et omnes illas malas consuetudines quas post mortem patris mei Geraldi habui in ista terra" to Sauxillanges for the souls of "…uxoris meæ filiorumque meorum" by undated charter, which provides for one of his sons to enter the monastery, signed by "Bernardi et uxoris eius"[1164]

2.         ETIENNE .  "Geraldus de Turre et fratres mei…Stephanus et Bertrannus et Bernardus" donated "ecclesia S. Nazarii de Cengle" to Sauxillanges by charter dated "Kal Jun regnante Philippo rege"[1165].  "Geraldus miles de castro…de la Tur…in valle…Taleves" donated "partem in ecclesia sancti Pardulfi et merchat de Turre" to Cluny by undated charter signed by "Stephani et fratris sui, Bertranni monachi fratris sui, Durandi episcopi Arvernensis, Rotberti comitis Arvernensis…"[1166]

3.         BERTRAND .  "Geraldus de Turre et fratres mei…Stephanus et Bertrannus et Bernardus" donated "ecclesia S. Nazarii de Cengle" to Sauxillanges by charter dated "Kal Jun regnante Philippo rege"[1167].  "Geraldus miles de castro…de la Tur…in valle…Taleves" donated "partem in ecclesia sancti Pardulfi et merchat de Turre" to Cluny by undated charter signed by "Stephani et fratris sui, Bertranni monachi fratris sui, Durandi episcopi Arvernensis, Rotberti comitis Arvernensis…"[1168]

4.         BERNARD .  "Geraldus de Turre et fratres mei…Stephanus et Bertrannus et Bernardus" donated "ecclesia S. Nazarii de Cengle" to Sauxillanges by charter dated "Kal Jun regnante Philippo rege"[1169]

 

 

1.         PETRONILLE de Tour .  "Bernardus vicecomes de Comborn et uxor mea Petronilla de Turre" donated property to Tulle, with the consent of "Archambaldo vicecomite filio meo", by charter dated 1112[1170].  According to Baluze, she was the daughter of Gérard de Tour (see above) but the documents which he quotes do not confirm the connection[1171]m (1112 or before) as his second wife, BERNARD [I] Vicomte de Comborn, son of ARCHAMBAUD [II] Vicomte de Comborn & his wife Rotburga de Rochechouart (-[1116/17] or after). 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known.  According to Baluze, they were the sons of Bernard, son of Gérard de Tour (see above), but the documents which he quotes do not confirm the connection[1172].  In any case, from a chronological point of view, the connection seems unlikely to be correct. 

1.         BERTRAND [I] (-before 1191).  "Bernardus de Turre" swore homage to the abbot of Cluny, for "castelli de Turre" following the example of "Bertranni patris mei et Gulielmi patrui", by charter dated 1191[1173]m ---.  The name of Bertrand’s wife is not known.  Bertrand [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERNARD [I] (-after 1191).  "Bernardus de Turre" swore homage to the abbot of Cluny, for "castelli de Turre" following the example of "Bertranni patris mei et Gulielmi patrui", by charter dated 1191[1174].  From a chronological point of view it is unlikely that Bernard [I] was the same person as Bernard [II] (see below). 

2.         GUILLAUME (-before 1191).  "Bernardus de Turre" swore homage to the abbot of Cluny, for "castelli de Turre" following the example of "Bertranni patris mei et Gulielmi patrui", by charter dated 1191[1175]

 

 

[Three] brothers, parents not known: 

1.         BERTRAND [II] (-after 1208)Seigneur de la Tour.  "Bernardus de Turre" swore homage to the abbot of Cluny, for "castelli de Turre" following the example of "Bertranni patris mei et Gulielmi patrui", by charter dated 1191[1176]m ---.  The name of Bertrand’s wife is not known.  Bertrand [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         BERNARD [II] (-29 Dec 1253).  "Bernardus de Turre" swore homage to the abbot of Cluny, for "castelli de Turre" following the example of "Bertranni patris mei et Gulielmi patrui", by charter dated 1191[1177]Seigneur de la Tour

-        see below

b)         BERTRAND (-after Mar 1246).  The testament of "Guillelmus de Turre præpositus Brivatensis", dated Mar 1246, makes bequests to "B. nepotem meum…consanguineo meo Domino G. de Turre militi" on condition he leaves on crusade, witnessed by "prædictum B. dominum de Turre et Bertrandum fratrem eius nepotes meos, Dominos G. de Turre et W. de Rupe milites…"[1178]

2.         [GUILLAUME (-before Dec 1233).  "Bernardus dominus de Turre" confirmed the bequest to Clermont Notre-Dame du Port made by "bonæ memoriæ Guillelmus de Turre quondam decanus Portuensis avunculus sive patruus noster" for his anniversary, by charter dated Dec 1233, which also records that "Guillelmus de Turre præpositus Brivatensis" committed to respect the bequest[1179].  It is uncertain whether there could have been two brothers both named Guillaume.  It is possible that one or other belonged to a previous generation of this family.] 

3.         GUILLAUME (-17 Mar 1246).  Provost at Brioude.  "Bernardus dominus de Turre" confirmed the bequest to Clermont Notre-Dame du Port made by "bonæ memoriæ Guillelmus de Turre quondam decanus Portuensis avunculus sive patruus noster" for his anniversary, by charter dated Dec 1233, which also records that "Guillelmus de Turre præpositus Brivatensis" committed to respect the bequest[1180].  The testament of "Guillelmus de Turre præpositus Brivatensis", dated Mar 1246, makes bequests to "B. nepotem meum…consanguineo meo Domino G. de Turre militi" on condition he leaves on crusade, witnessed by "prædictum B. dominum de Turre et Bertrandum fratrem eius nepotes meos, Dominos G. de Turre et W. de Rupe milites…"[1181].  The necrology of Clermont church records the death "IV Non Jan" of "W. de Turre canonicus Claromontensis et præpositus Brivatensis" and "VI Non Mar" of "W. de Turre præpositi quondam Brivatensis et canonici Claromontensis" together with his donation "apud sanctum Saturninum"[1182].  The necrology of Brioude records the death "XVI Kal Apr" 1245 (presumably O.S.) of "Guillelmus de Turre præpositus ecclesiæ Brivatensis" and his donation[1183]

 

 

The exact relationship between the following individual and the main Tour family has not been ascertained: 

1.         G --- de la Tour (-after Mar 1246).  The testament of "Guillelmus de Turre præpositus Brivatensis", dated Mar 1246, makes bequests to "B. nepotem meum…consanguineo meo Domino G. de Turre militi" on condition he leaves on crusade, witnessed by "prædictum B. dominum de Turre et Bertrandum fratrem eius nepotes meos, Dominos G. de Turre et W. de Rupe milites…"[1184]

 

 

BERNARD [II] de la Tour, son of BERTRAND [II] de la Tour & his wife --- (-29 Dec 1253).  "Bernardus de Turre" swore homage to the abbot of Cluny, for "castelli de Turre" following the example of "Bertranni patris mei et Gulielmi patrui", by charter dated 1191[1185]Seigneur de la Tour.  "Bernardus dominus de Turre" confirmed the bequest to Clermont Notre-Dame du Port made by "bonæ memoriæ Guillelmus de Turre quondam decanus Portuensis avunculus sive patruus noster" for his anniversary, by charter dated Dec 1233, which also records that "Guillelmus de Turre præpositus Brivatensis" committed to respect the bequest[1186].  The testament of "Guillelmus de Turre præpositus Brivatensis", dated Mar 1246, makes bequests to "B. nepotem meum…consanguineo meo Domino G. de Turre militi" on condition he leaves on crusade, witnessed by "prædictum B. dominum de Turre et Bertrandum fratrem eius nepotes meos, Dominos G. de Turre et W. de Rupe milites…"[1187].  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre", undated, appoints "Bernardum filium meum" his heir and "Bertrandum filium meum" his heir "in villa sancti Syndulfi", with default to "Ebletum filium Dalphinæ filiæ meæ vicecomitissæ de Ventatorio", and names "Gaillardæ filiæ meæ uxori vicecomitis de Murat et Margaritæ filiæ meæ uxore Geraldi de Rochafort"[1188]

m [firstly] ALASIE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated Feb 1276 which records an agreement between "domini Bertrandus de Turre canonici Claromontensis" and "Bertrandus dominus de Turre domicellus eius nepos filius quondam Bernardi de Turre fratrisque quondam dicti canonici" dividing the inheritance of "quondam…domini Bernardi de Turre…patrisque…dicti canonici avi paterni…dicti domicelli et dominæ Alaziæ matris…dicti canonici aviæque…dicti domicelli"[1189].  According to Baluze, Alasie and Jeanne, both recorded as the wife of Bernard [II], were the same person known by two different names[1190].  This may be correct, but a simpler explanation would be that Bernard married twice. 

m [secondly] JEANNE de Toulouse, daughter of RAYMOND VI Comte de Toulouse & his third wife Joan of England (1198-28 May 1255).  The necrology of Vaissy abbey in Auvergne records the death "V Kal Jun" 1255 of "Johanna filia Raymundi comitis et Reginæ Johannæ, uxor quondam domini Bernardi de Turre"[1191].  According to Baluze, Alasie and Jeanne, both recorded as the wife of Bernard [II], were the same person known by two different names[1192].  This may be correct, but a simpler explanation would be that Bernard married twice. 

Bernard [II] & his [first] wife had two children: 

1.         BERNARD [III] (-14 Aug 1276).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre", undated, appoints "Bernardum filium meum" his heir[1193]Seigneur de la Tour.  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles", dated May 1270, appoints "Bertrandum filium meum" with "Bertrandum de Turre fratrem meum" in default, makes bequests to "Gualhardam [filiam] meam…Delphinam filiam meam" and names "bonæ memoriæ Yulens quondam uxoris meæ"[1194]m YOLANDE, daughter of --- (-before May 1270).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles", dated May 1270, names "bonæ memoriæ Yulens quondam uxoris meæ"[1195].  Bernard [III] & his wife had three children: 

a)         BERTRAND [III] (-24 Nov [1286 or 1287], bur Clermont Cordeliers).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles", dated May 1270, appoints "Bertrandum filium meum" with "Bertrandum de Turre fratrem meum" in default[1196]Seigneur de la Tour.  Seigneur de Murat-sur-Queires et de Vende. 

-        see below

b)         GAILLARDE (-after 1271).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles", dated May 1270, makes bequests to "Gualhardam [filiam] meam…Delphinam filiam meam"[1197].  The testament of "Bertrandus de Turre canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1280, appoints "Bertrandum dominum de Turre nepotem meum filium quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam fratris mei" as his heir, default to "…dominam Gualhardam neptem meam filiam quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam mei uxorem domini Petri de Sancto Bonito domini de Rupe Savina in castro meo de Montepetroso et in villa de Cosde et in villa et castro de sancti Syndulphi…"[1198]m PIERRE-MAURICE Seigneur de Roche-Savine et de Saint-Bonnet, son of ---. 

c)         DAUPHINE (-1299 or after).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles", dated May 1270, makes bequests to "Gualhardam [filiam] meam…Delphinam filiam meam"[1199].  "Rampnulphus de Albuconio dominus de Bornia miles…Raynaudo de Albuconio filio nostro" acknowledged receipt of the dowry of "Deufina filia quondam…Bernardi domini quondam de Turre militis" from "domino Bertrando de Turre…canonico Claromontensi et a Bertrando de Turre domicello nepote prædicte canonici" by charter dated Feb 1276[1200].  The testament of "Bertrandus de Turre canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1280, appoints "Bertrandum dominum de Turre nepotem meum filium quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam fratris mei" as his heir, default to "…Delphinam neptem meam filiam quondam dicti domini Bernardi quondam domini de Turre fratris mei uxorem Raynaldi de Albussonio…in castro meo de Rota"[1201].  "Aymericus de Rupe domicellus et Delphina eius uxor" acknowledged that "Raynaldo d’Albusso quondam marito eiusdem Delphinæ" had received the dowry for his marriage and "Bertrandus dominus de Turre miles frater dictæ Delphinæ…" increased the dowry by charter dated end-Mar 1285[1202].  The testament of "Dalphina de Turre relicta quondam Aymerici de Rupe domini eiusdem loci", dated 1299, appoints "Guidonem filium meum primogenitum" as her heir, divides her remaining property between "alios liberos meos…Gaufridus filius meus…Agnes filia mea primogenita…Aymericus filius meus…Margarita filia mea", and appoints "dominam Beatricem d’Olyergue dominam de Turre…" among her executors[1203]m firstly (before Feb 1276) RAYNAUD d’Aubusson, son of RANULFE d’Aubusson Seigneur de Borne & his wife --- (-after Oct 1280).  m secondly (before Mar 1285) AIMERY [II] Sire de la Rochefoucauld, son of GUY [VI] Sire de la Rochefoucauld & his first wife Agnes de Rochechouart (-1297). 

2.         BERTRAND (-23 Dec, 1280 or after, or 2 Feb, 1281 or after).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre", undated, appoints "Bernardum filium meum" his heir and "Bertrandum filium meum" his heir "in villa sancti Syndulfi"[1204].  Canon at Brioude.  "Bertrandus de Turre clericus" and "Bernardum…fratrem meum" agreed a property split in accordance with the testament of "patris nostri Bernardi domini quondam de Turre" by charter dated Apr 1256[1205].  A charter dated Feb 1276 records an agreement between "domini Bertrandus de Turre canonici Claromontensis" and "Bertrandus dominus de Turre domicellus eius nepos filius quondam Bernardi de Turre fratrisque quondam dicti canonici" dividing the inheritance of "quondam…domini Bernardi de Turre…patrisque…dicti canonici avi paterni…dicti domicelli et dominæ Alaziæ matris…dicti canonici aviæque…dicti domicelli"[1206].  The testament of "Bertrandus de Turre canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1280, appoints "Bertrandum dominum de Turre nepotem meum filium quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam fratris mei" as his heir, default to "dominam Delphinam sororem meam vicecomitissam Venthodorensem in castro meo de Tyneria…Guillelmum vicecomitem de Murato nepotem meum in tota terra mea de Chastres…dominam Gualhardam neptem meam filiam quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam mei uxorem domini Petri de Sancto Bonito domini de Rupe Savina in castro meo de Montepetroso et in villa de Cosde et in villa et castro de sancti Syndulphi…Delphinam neptem meam filiam quondam dicti domini Bernardi quondam domini de Turre fratris mei uxorem Raynaldi de Albussonio…in castro meo de Rota"[1207].  The necrology of Clermont cathedral records the death "X Kal Jan" and "IV Non Feb" of "domino Bertrando de Turre canonico Claromontensi" and his donations[1208]

Bernard [II] & his [first/second] wife had three children: 

3.         DAUPHINE (-1299 or after).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre", undated, appoints "Bernardum filium meum" his heir and "Bertrandum filium meum" his heir "in villa sancti Syndulfi", with default to "Ebletum filium Dalphinæ filiæ meæ vicecomitissæ de Ventatorio"[1209].  A charter dated 1260 records that “domina Dalfina vicecomitis de Ventedoro et Eblo filius suus” renounced homage to the king of England[1210].  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the marriage contract between [her son and daughter] "Eblo vicecomes de Ventedoro…Maria sorore nostra" and "Falconi domino de Montegasconio", dated Apr 1263, which names "avunculum nostrum B. dominum de Turre"[1211].  The testament of "Bertrandus de Turre canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1280, appoints "Bertrandum dominum de Turre nepotem meum filium quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam fratris mei" as his heir, default to "dominam Delphinam sororem meam vicecomitissam Venthodorensem in castro meo de Tyneria…"[1212]m EBLES [VI] Vicomte de Ventadour, son of EBLES [V] Vicomte de Ventadour & his second wife Marie de Turenne (-before 1260). 

4.         GAILLARDE (-1270 or after).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre", undated, names "Gaillardæ filiæ meæ uxori vicecomitis de Murat et Margaritæ filiæ meæ uxore Geraldi de Rochafort"[1213].  The testament of "Bertrandus de Turre canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1280, appoints "Bertrandum dominum de Turre nepotem meum filium quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam fratris mei" as his heir, default to "…Guillelmum vicecomitem de Murato nepotem meum in tota terra mea de Chastres…"[1214]m PIERRE Vicomte de Murat, son of PIERRE de Murat & his wife ---. 

5.         MARGUERITE (-1270 or before).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre", undated, names "Gaillardæ filiæ meæ uxori vicecomitis de Murat et Margaritæ filiæ meæ uxore Geraldi de Rochafort"[1215]m GERARD de Rochefort, son of ---. 

 

 

BERTRAND [III] de la Tour, son of BERNARD [II] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Yolande --- (-24 Nov [1286 or 1287], bur Clermont Cordeliers).  The testament of "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles", dated May 1270, appoints "Bertrandum filium meum" with "Bertrandum de Turre fratrem meum" in default[1216]Seigneur de la Tour.  A charter dated Feb 1276 records an agreement between "domini Bertrandus de Turre canonici Claromontensis" and "Bertrandus dominus de Turre domicellus eius nepos filius quondam Bernardi de Turre fratrisque quondam dicti canonici" dividing the inheritance of "quondam…domini Bernardi de Turre…patrisque…dicti canonici avi paterni…dicti domicelli et dominæ Alaziæ matris…dicti canonici aviæque…dicti domicelli"[1217].  Seigneur de Murat-sur-Queires et de Vende.  The testament of "Bertrandus de Turre canonicus Claromontensis", dated Oct 1280, appoints "Bertrandum dominum de Turre nepotem meum filium quondam domini Bernardi domini de Turre quondam fratris mei" as his heir[1218].  The testament of "dominus Bertrandus dominus de Turre filius quondam…Bernardi domini de Turre militis", dated 1285, appoints "Bernardum filium suum" as his heir, makes bequests to "Delfinam filiam suam…Bertrandum filium suum…Guillelmo filio suo…dominam Beatricem uxorem eius…esse pregnantem…filium masculum…postum[um]..." and names "heredibus dominæ Galhardæ quondam sororis suæ…et dominæ Delfinæ sororis"[1219].  The necrology of Clermont records the death "VIII Kal Dec" of "dominus Bertrandus de Turre miles" and the donation made by his widow[1220].  The necrology of Clermont Cordeliers records the death "VIII Kal Dec" of "dominus Bertrandus de Turre hic sepultus"[1221]

Betrothed (Feb 1270) to [LAURE de Montfort or ELEONORE de Montfort], daughter of PHILIPPE de Montfort Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais & his wife Jeanne de Levis.  The marriage contract between "Bertrandum filium…domini Bernardi de Turre" and "unam de filiabus…domini Philippi de Monteforti…Lauretæ et Helyonors" is dated Feb 1269 (O.S.)[1222]

m (contract 10 Jan 1275) BEATRIX d’Olliergues, daughter of AGNON [Agne] [VI] Seigneur d’Olliergues & his wife Alix de Breuil (-after Jul 1304, bur Clermont Cordeliers).  "Beatrix d’Oliergues filia quondam domini Agnonis olim domini d’Oliergues militis" and "Hyzelt d’Oliergues eius soror filia quondam dicti domini Agnonis…majores duodecim annis" divided their territories, with the advice of "domini Roberti domini Brolii avunculi, domini Hugonis de Ausonio militis et Stephani de Chalanco clerici et domini Roberti de Broco prioris Bulbonis cognatorum ipsarum sororum", by charter dated 10 Jan 1275[1223].  The marriage contract between "Bertrandus dominus de Turre" and "Beatrix d’Oliergues filia quondam domini Agnonis quondam domini d’Oliergues", with the advice of "Margaritæ sororis quondam dicti domini Agnonis et Roberti domini Brolii avunculi ipsius Beatricis et domini Hugonis de Ausonio militum et Stephani de Chalanco clerici et domini Roberti de Broco prioris Bulhionis cognatorum ipsius Beatricis", by charter dated 10 Jan 1275[1224].  "Domina Beatrix de Olergio relicta…domini Bertrandi quondam domini de Turre  militis defuncti, tutrix…Bernardi, Bertrandi, Guillelmi, Agnonis et Delphinæ liberorum impuberum ipsius Beatricis et dicti militis quondam viri sui" listed the 15 castles which she held, by charter dated 27 Jul 1288[1225].  "Aymericus de Rupe domicellus dominus de Montilio" acknowledged to "Beatrice de Olyergio domina de Turre" having received the dowry for his marriage to "Delphiniæ de Turre uxoris meæ" by charter dated end-Dec 1292[1226].  The testament of "Dalphina de Turre relicta quondam Aymerici de Rupe domini eiusdem loci", dated 1299, appoints "dominam Beatricem d’Olyergue dominam de Turre…" among her executors[1227].  "Bernardus dominus de Turre et Bertrandus de Turre eius frater" divided their inheritance, in the presence of "domina Beatrice de Olierguio domina de Turre", by charter dated Jul 1304[1228].  The necrology of Clermont Cordeliers records the death "VII Id Mai" of "Beatrix domina de Turre et de Oliargues hic sepulta"[1229]

Bertrand [III] & his wife had five children: 

1.         BERNARD [IV] (-19 Dec 1325).  The testament of "dominus Bertrandus dominus de Turre filius quondam…Bernardi domini de Turre militis", dated 1285, appoints "Bernardum filium suum" as his heir[1230]Seigneur de la Tour.  "Bernardus dominus de Turre et Bertrandus de Turre eius frater" divided their inheritance, in the presence of "domina Beatrice de Olierguio domina de Turre", by charter dated Jul 1304[1231]m (contract 1292, confirmed 17 Nov 1295) BEATRIX de Rodez, daughter of HENRI [II] Comte de Rodez & his second wife Mascarose de Comminges (-Apr 1315).  A manuscript of Rodez convent names "tres filias…Belburgem, Beatricem et Cæciliam" as thr children of "Henricus comes Ruthenensis filius Hugonis" and his second wife "domina Mascarosa de Convenis", adding that Beatrix married "nobili Bernardo de Turre" with a dowry of "baroniæ d’Escorales et sancti Cristofori"[1232].  The marriage contract between "Henrico…comite Ruthenensi…Beatricem filiam" and "Beatrice domina de Turre relicta domini Bernardi de Turre militis defuncti…filium…Bernardum" is dated 1292[1233].  The marriage contract between "Bernardus de Turre domicellus filius et heres…quondam domini Bertrandi domini de Turre militis patris mei jam defuncti…" and "domino Henrico…comite Ruthenensi…Beatrici filiæ" was confirmed 17 Nov 1295[1234].  The testament of "Henricus…comes Ruthenensis", dated 1301, appoints "filiam suam Beatricem…ex matrimonio…dominæ Mascarosæ de Convenis…natam uxorem…Bernardi de Torre" as his heir "in…baronia sua d’Escoralha et sancti Cristofori"[1235].  Bernard [III] & his wife had five children: 

a)         DAUPHINE (1301-).  A charter dated Mar 1316 appoints "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles" as guardian of "Bertrandi, Bernardi, Galhardæ et Mascaronæ liberorum suorum" after the death of "dominæ Beatricis de Ruthena quondam uxoris ipsius" and in the name of "Delphinæ filiæ suæ adultæ…uxorisque…Astorgii de Aurelliaco"[1236]m (17 Apr 1315) ASTORG d’Aurillac, son of ---. 

b)         GAILLARDE (-1351 or before).  A charter dated Mar 1316 appoints "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles" as guardian of "Bertrandi, Bernardi, Galhardæ et Mascaronæ liberorum suorum" after the death of "dominæ Beatricis de Ruthena quondam uxoris ipsius" and in the name of "Delphinæ filiæ suæ adultæ…uxorisque…Astorgii de Aurelliaco"[1237].  A charter dated 1324 names "Galhardum…Guidonem de Apchonio…virum"[1238]m GUY Comptor Seigneur d’Apchon, son of GUILLAUME Comptor Seigneur d’Apchon & his wife Mathilde Dauphine de Clermont. 

c)         BERTRAND [IV] (end 1303-Apr Apr 1368).  A charter dated Mar 1316 appoints "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles" as guardian of "Bertrandi, Bernardi, Galhardæ et Mascaronæ liberorum suorum" after the death of "dominæ Beatricis de Ruthena quondam uxoris ipsius" and in the name of "Delphinæ filiæ suæ adultæ…uxorisque…Astorgii de Aurelliaco"[1239]Seigneur de la Tour

-        see below

d)         MASCAROSE (1304-after Aug 1328).  A charter dated Mar 1316 appoints "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles" as guardian of "Bertrandi, Bernardi, Galhardæ et Mascaronæ liberorum suorum" after the death of "dominæ Beatricis de Ruthena quondam uxoris ipsius" and in the name of "Delphinæ filiæ suæ adultæ…uxorisque…Astorgii de Aurelliaco"[1240].  Baluze refers to, but does not quote, the marriage contract dated 14 Feb 1309 between "Mascarone de la Tour" and "Gilles Aycelin II" and ratified 29 Sep 1311 and concluded 30 Aug 1317[1241]m (contract 14 Feb 1309, ratified 29 Sep 1311, concluded 30 Aug 1317) GILLES Aycelin [II] Seigneur de Montaigu, son of GILLES Aycelin [I] Seigneur de Montaigu & his wife Blanche de Saligny. 

e)         BERNARD (-Avignon 3 Aug 1361).  A charter dated Mar 1316 appoints "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles" as guardian of "Bertrandi, Bernardi, Galhardæ et Mascaronæ liberorum suorum" after the death of "dominæ Beatricis de Ruthena quondam uxoris ipsius" and in the name of "Delphinæ filiæ suæ adultæ…uxorisque…Astorgii de Aurelliaco"[1242].  Canon at Clermont and Beauvais.  Cardinal-deacon 1342. 

2.         DAUPHINE (-1323 or after).  The testament of "dominus Bertrandus dominus de Turre filius quondam…Bernardi domini de Turre militis", dated 1285, makes bequests to "Delfinam filiam suam…Bertrandum filium suum…Guillelmo filio suo…dominam Beatricem uxorem eius…esse pregnantem…filium masculum…postum[um]..."[1243].  The marriage contract of "Guiguonem dominum de Rupe militem…pro Guiguone de Rupe filio suo" and "dominam Beatricem de Olergio dominam de Turre…pro domicella Delphina de Turre filia" is dated Nov 1298[1244]m (contract Nov 1298) GUIGUES Seigneur de la Roche-en-Regnier, son of GUIGUES Seigneur de Roche-en-Regnier & his wife ---. 

3.         BERTRAND (-11 Jan 1329).  The testament of "dominus Bertrandus dominus de Turre filius quondam…Bernardi domini de Turre militis", dated 1285, makes bequests to "Delfinam filiam suam…Bertrandum filium suum…Guillelmo filio suo…dominam Beatricem uxorem eius…esse pregnantem…filium masculum…postum[um]..."[1245].  "Bernardus dominus de Turre et Bertrandus de Turre eius frater" divided their inheritance, in the presence of "domina Beatrice de Olierguio domina de Turre", by charter dated Jul 1304[1246]Seigneur d’Olliergues.  Seigneur de la Roche, de Ravel, de Chastres, de Saint-Donat et de Bagnols 1286.  m (1314) MARGUERITE Aycelin, daughter of GILLES Aycelin Seigneur de Montaigu-en-Auvergne & his wife Blanche de Saligny (-1332 before 18 Feb). 

-        SEIGNEURS d’OLLIERGUES, VICOMTES de TURENNE (1510), DUCS de BOUILLON (1594)[1247]

4.         GUILLAUME (-after 2 Apr 1315).  The testament of "dominus Bertrandus dominus de Turre filius quondam…Bernardi domini de Turre militis", dated 1285, makes bequests to "Delfinam filiam suam…Bertrandum filium suum…Guillelmo filio suo…dominam Beatricem uxorem eius…esse pregnantem…filium masculum…postum[um]..."[1248].  Canon at Reims, Clermont and Brioude.  The testament of "dominus Guillermus de Turre…Remensis et Claromontensis ecclesiarum canonicus", dated 2 Apr 1315, names "domino Agnoni fratri meo decano Carennaci…Bernardo fratris mei domini de Turre filio…fratres meos…Bernardum dominum de Turre…Bertrandum de Turre dominum de Oliergio milites…"[1249]

5.         AGNE (1285-1331).  Another testament of "Bertrandus dominus de Turre miles", dated 1286, makes bequests to the same children as the testament dated 1285, adding "Agnonem filium meum"[1250].  Prior at Crépy-en-Valois. 

 

 

BERTRAND [IV] de la Tour, son of BERNARD [III] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Beatrix de Rodez (end 1303-Apr Apr 1368).  A charter dated Mar 1316 appoints "Bernardus dominus de Turre miles" as guardian of "Bertrandi, Bernardi, Galhardæ et Mascaronæ liberorum suorum" after the death of "dominæ Beatricis de Ruthena quondam uxoris ipsius" and in the name of "Delphinæ filiæ suæ adultæ…uxorisque…Astorgii de Aurelliaco"[1251]Seigneur de la Tour.  Pope Clement VI wrote to “Bertrando domino de Turre” after the death of “quondam Guillelmi de Turre nati tui” dated 1344, naming “Helitz relictam dicti defuncti neptem nostram[1252]

m (20 Oct 1320) ISABELLE de Lévis, daughter of JEAN [I] de Lévis Seigneur de Mirepoix & his wife Constance de Foix (-5 Apr 1361).  The marriage contract between "domicellum Bertrandum de Turre filium primogenitum et emancipatum…domini Bernardi de Turre" and "domicellam Ysabellim de Levis filiam quondam…domini Johannis de Levis domini Mirapiscis" is dated 20 Oct 1320, in the presence of "Johannes de Levis domicellus dominus Mirapiscis frater dictæ Ysabellis"[1253]

Bertrand [IV] & his wife had nine children: 

1.         GUILLAUME (-1343, before 26 Nov).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract between "Bertrand de la Tour...Guillaume de la Tour son filz" and "Haelips Rougere fille a Guillaume Rouger Vicomte de Beaufort et de la Mothe seigneur de Chambon", dated 1342[1254]m (11 Sep 1342) as her first husband, ALIX Rogier de Beaufort, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Rogier Comte de Beaufort & his wife Marie de Chambon (-after 17 Jun 1403).  The marriage contract between "Bertrand de la Tour...Guillaume de la Tour son filz" and "Haelips Rougere fille a Guillaume Rouger Vicomte de Beaufort et de la Mothe seigneur de Chambon" is dated 1342[1255].  Pope Clement VI wrote to “Bertrando domino de Turre” after the death of “quondam Guillelmi de Turre nati tui” dated 1344, naming “Helitz relictam dicti defuncti neptem nostram[1256].  Pope Clement VI wrote to “Helitz natæ...Guillelmi vicecomitis Bellifortis nepti nostræ” after the death of “quondam Guillelmi de Turre viri tui” dated 1344[1257].  She married secondly (13 Dec 1344) Aymar de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois

2.         GUY (-17 Sep 1375).  The marriage contract between "Bertrandus dominus de Turre miles et Guido de Turre domicellus eius filius…domicellam Ysabellam de Turre filiam…eiusdem domini de Turre" and "dominus Amedeus Delphini miles dominus de Rupeforti" is dated 14 Nov 1354[1258]Seigneur de la Tourm (contract 17 Jul 1353) as her first husband, MATHE Roger de Beaufort, daughter of GUILLAUME Roger Seigneur de Beaufort & his wife Marie de Chambon.  Guy & his wife had five children: 

a)         BERTRAND [V] (-1423 after 7 Sep)Seigneur de la Tourm (contract 11 Jan 1389) MARIE Ctss d’Auvergne et de Boulogne, daughter of GODEFROI d’Auvergne Seigneur de Mongascon & his second wife Jeanne de Ventadour (-7 Aug 1437).  Bertrand [IV] & his wife had four childen: 

i)          BERTRAND [VI] (-20 or 27 Mar 1461)Seigneur de la Tour.  Comte d’Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne 1438. 

-         COMTES d’AUVERGNE (de la TOUR)

ii)         JEANNE (-before 1416)m (1409) as his first wife, BERAUD [III] Comte de Clermont, son of BERAUD [II] Dauphin d’Auvergne & his third wife Marguerite Ctss de Sancerre (-Château d’Ardres 28 Jul 1426). 

iii)        ISABELLEm (contract 12 Sep 1419) LOUIS ARMAND de Chalançon Vicomte de Polignac, son of --- (-after 19 Aug 1452). 

iv)       LOUISE (-14 Jun 1471).  m firstly (26 Feb 1431) TRISTAN de Clermont-Lodève, son of ---.  m secondly (contract 22 Feb 1433) CLAUDE de Montagu Seigneur de Couches et d’Espoisses, son of --- (-killed in battle 1470). 

b)         GUYOT (-14 Dec 1411).  Provost at Clermont. 

c)         LOUISE (-24 Oct 1403)m (contract 25 Oct 1387) PONCE Seigneur de Montlaur, son of --- (-6 May 1393). 

d)         daughter (-1375 or before). 

e)         HENRI (-after 1368).  Canon at Amiens. 

3.         JEAN (-15 Apr 1374).  Abbé de Fleury.  Cardinal 1371. 

4.         BERTRAND ([1330]-14 May 1382)Bishop of Toul 1355.  Bishop of Le Puy 1361. 

5.         BERNARD (-1394).  Bishop of Langres 1374. 

6.         HENRI (-7 May 1415).  Bishop of Clermont 1376.  Elected Bishop of Le Puy 1392. 

7.         ISABELLE .  The marriage contract between "Bertrandus dominus de Turre miles et Guido de Turre domicellus eius filius…domicellam Ysabellam de Turre filiam…eiusdem domini de Turre" and "dominus Amedeus Delphini miles dominus de Rupeforti" is dated 14 Nov 1354[1259]m firstly (1354) AMEDEE de Clermont Seigneur de Rochefort, son of JEAN [I] Comte de Clermont & his wife Anne de Poitiers (-28 Aug 1361).  m secondly as his second wife, GUIBAUD de Mello Seigneur d’Espoisses, son of GUILLAUME de Mello Seigneur d’Espoisses & his wife Marie de Châteauvillain (-after 1388). 

8.         CONSTANCE (-1392, bur Cordeliers de Clermont)m firstly (1339) as his second wife, LOUIS [I] de Brosse Seigneur de Sainte-Sevère et de Boussac, son of PIERRE [I] de Brosse Seigneur de Sainte-Sevère & his wife Blanche de Sancerre (-killed in battle Poitiers 19 Sep 1356, bur Huriel Saint-Martin).  m secondly PHILIBERT de l’Espinasse Seigneur de Clayette, son of ---. 

9.         MARGUERITE (-1384 or before).  m GUY [IV] Dalmas Baron de Cousan, son of --- (-after Nov 1407). 

 

 

1.         BERNARD de la Tourm JEANNE de Dorette, daughter of --- (-15 Jan ----).  The necrology of Sauxillanges records "XVIII Kal Feb…Johanna de Doretta quondam conjuge domini Bernardi de la Tour tunc domicelli", buried "in capella beatæ Mariæ de Bosco", and her husband’s donation for her anniversary[1260].  Bernard & his wife had one child: 

a)         CONSTANCE .  The contract of marriage between "Bernard la Tour religieux du monastère de Sauxillanges…Constance sa fille…et jadis fille et à present heritiere de feue Jeanne de Dourette femme su dudit Dompn BernardMathe de Belfort dame de la Tour et…Bertrand seigneur de la Tour fils de madite Dame" and "Loys de Montclar fils de Guyot de Monclar escuyer seigneur de Monbru" is dated 30 Jun 1419[1261]m (contract 30 Jun 1419) LOUIS de Montclair, son of GUY de Monclair Seigneur de Monbru & his wife ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 17.  VICOMTES de VELAY

 

 

1.         AMBLARDVicomte.  "…Amblardi vicecomitis, Ucberti vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated Nov "regnante Lothario rege Francorum" under which "Stephanus Arvernensis episcopus" donated property "villam…Bergoniscas et aliam…Exartis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mei et…Aldegardis vicecomitissa"[1262]

 

2.         HUBERTVicomte.  "…Amblardi vicecomitis, Ucberti vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated Nov "regnante Lothario rege Francorum" under which "Stephanus Arvernensis episcopus" donated property "villam…Bergoniscas et aliam…Exartis" to Sauxillanges, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mei et…Aldegardis vicecomitissa"[1263]

 

3.         ARMAND [I] .  Vicomte de Velaym ---.  The name of Armand’s wife is not known.  Armand & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARMAND [II] .  The Chronique de Tournus records that "Armanno…filio Armanni vicecomitis" consecrated the church of St Georges "in comitatu Vellaico", dated to the early 10th century from the context[1264]

 

 



[1] Einhardi Annales 819, MGH SS I, p. 205. 

[2] Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 32, MGH SS II, p. 624. 

[3] Plancher, U. (ed.) (1739) Histoire générale et particulière de Bourgogne (Dijon), Tome I, Preuves, V, p.vi.   

[4] RHGF VI, CXXXIV, p. 546. 

[5] Ragut, M. C. (ed.) (1864) Cartulaire de Saint-Vincent de Mâcon (Mâcon), 52, p. 40. 

[6] Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 50, MGH SS II, p. 637. 

[7] Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 52, MGH SS II, pp. 637-8. 

[8] Marchegay, P. and Mabille, E. (eds.) (1869) Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou (Paris) Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, p. 362. 

[9] RHGF VIII, LXXI, p. 491. 

[10] RHGF VIII, LXXXVI, RHGF XVIII, p. 503. 

[11] Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 61, MGH SS II, p. 645. 

[12] Doniol, H. (ed.) (1863) Cartulaire de Saint-Julien de Brioude (Clermont Ferrand/Paris), 95, p. 112. 

[13] Annales Bertiniani III 862, footnote 1 specifying that he was "comes Arvernorum". 

[14] Annales Bertiniani III 863. 

[15] Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 362. 

[16] Bondurand, E. (ed.) (1887) Le manuel de Dhuoda 843 (Paris), Introduction, 5, p. 52. 

[17] Annales Bertiniani III 868, footnote 1 naming "tertius Bernardus qui honoribus privatus fuerat 864 in conventu Pistensi filius erat Bernardus Septimaniæ ducis qui in 844 a Carolo Calvo occisus est". 

[18] Brioude 131, p. 146. 

[19] Annales Bertiniani III 877. 

[20] Annales Fuldenses 880, cited in Bouchard, C. B. (1987) Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy 980-1198 (Cornell University Press), p. 261. 

[21] Obituaires de Lyon I, Eglise primatiale de Lyon, footnote 2 identifying the entry with Bernard "Plantevelue". 

[22] Lespinasse, R. de (ed.) (1916) Cartulaire de Saint-Cyr de Nevers (Nevers, Paris) 15, p. 31. 

[23] Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987, 1ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), p. 375 footnote 89. 

[24] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1876-1903) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny ( Paris) Tome I, 286, p. 282. 

[25] Richard, A. (1903) Histoire des Comtes de Poitou (republished Princi Negue, 2003) Tome I, p. 94. 

[26] Cluny Tome I, 112, p. 124. 

[27] Cluny Tome I, 286, p. 282. 

[28] Cluny Tome I, 270, p. 264. 

[29] Cluny Tome I, 275, p. 270. 

[30] Cluny Tome I, 286, p. 282. 

[31] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 95. 

[32] Cluny Tome I, 286, p. 282. 

[33] Ademari Historiarum III.21, MGH SS IV, p. 123. 

[34] Ademari Historiarum III.21, MGH SS IV, p. 123. 

[35] Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 372. 

[36] Chronico Richardi Pictavensis, RHGF IX, p. 21. 

[37] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 68-9. 

[38] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 72. 

[39] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 83. 

[40] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 95. 

[41] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 99. 

[42] Société des Archives Historiques du Poitou (1874) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Cyprien de Poitiers, Archives historiques du Poitou Tome III (Poitiers) ("Poitiers Saint-Cyprien") 528, p. 318, and footnote 1 (continuation on p. 319). 

[43] Poitiers Saint-Cyprien 126, p. 90. 

[44] Ademari Historiarum III.30, MGH SS IV, p. 128. 

[45] Ademari Historiorum III.25, MGH SS IV, p. 126. 

[46] Chronico Comitum Pictaviæ, RHGF X, p. 294. 

[47] Ademari Historiarum III.23, MGH SS IV, p. 125.

[48] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 115. 

[49] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 110-12. 

[50] Richard, A. (ed.) (1886) Chartes et documents pour servir à l'histoire de l'abbaye de Saint-Maixent, Archives historiques du Poitou Tome XVI (Poitiers) ("Saint-Maixent") Vol. I, XX, p. 32. 

[51] Saint-Maixent, Vol. I, XXVII, p. 42. 

[52] Saint-Maixent, Vol. I, XXIII, p. 35. 

[53] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 130. 

[54] Richard (1903) Tome I, p. 99. 

[55] Quoted in Settipani, C. (2004) La Noblesse du Midi Carolingien. Etudes sur quelques grandes familles d'Aquitaine et du Languedoc du IXe au XIe siècles (Prosopographica et Genealogica, Oxford), p. 52. 

[56] Brioude 277, p. 284. 

[57] Brioude 173, p. 185. 

[58] Brioude 204, p. 214. 

[59] Brioude 327, p. 331. 

[60] Brioude 277, p. 284. 

[61] Brioude 173, p. 185. 

[62] Brioude 204, p. 214. 

[63] Brioude 327, p. 331. 

[64] Brioude 327, p. 331. 

[65] Brioude 327, p. 331. 

[66] Brioude 327, p. 331. 

[67] Brioude 160, p. 173. 

[68] Brioude 160, p. 173. 

[69] Brioude 160, p. 173. 

[70] Brioude 160, p. 173. 

[71] Brioude 160, p. 173. 

[72] Brioude 160, p. 173. 

[73] ES III 732. 

[74] Broude, 333, p. 338. 

[75] Brioude 333, p. 338. 

[76] Brioude 134, p. 150. 

[77] Brioude 286, p. 293. 

[78] Cluny Tome I, 286, p. 282. 

[79] Doniol, H. (ed.) (1864) Cartulaire de Sauxillanges (Clermont, Paris) 16, p. 54. 

[80] Brioude 337, p. 343. 

[81] Brioude 286, p. 293. 

[82] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[83] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[84] Sauxillanges 82, p. 96. 

[85] Cluny I 792, p. 743. 

[86] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[87] Sauxillanges 16, p. 54. 

[88] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 66, col. 171. 

[89] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[90] Brioude 140, p. 155. 

[91] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[92] Cluny Tome I, 872, p. 826, the donor probably being identified as Etienne Vicomte de Brioude. 

[93] Sauxillanges 179, p. 160. 

[94] Cluny Tome II, 1525, p. 574. 

[95] Sauxillanges 179, p. 160. 

[96] Cluny Tome II, 1525, p. 574. 

[97] Sauxillanges 179, p. 160. 

[98] Cluny Tome II, 1525, p. 574. 

[99] Brioude 283 and 286, pp. 290 and 293. 

[100] Chevalier, U. (ed.) (1891) Cartulaire du Prieuré de Paray-le-Monial et visites de l'ordre de Cluny (Paris, Montbéliard) 15, p. 12. 

[101] Brioude 283 and 286, pp. 290 and 293. 

[102] Brioude 283 and 286, pp. 290 and 293. 

[103] Brioude 283 and 286, pp. 290 and 293. 

[104] Brioude 283 and 286, pp. 290 and 293. 

[105] Sauxillanges 363, p. 280. 

[106] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[107] Brioude 140, p. 155. 

[108] Brioude 108, p. 124. 

[109] Cluny I 792, p. 743. 

[110] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[111] Cluny Tome II, 1525, p. 574. 

[112] Sauxillanges 179, p. 160. 

[113] Brioude 337, p. 343. 

[114] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[115] Sauxillanges 192, p. 168. 

[116] Brioude 134, p. 150. 

[117] Brioude 134, p. 150. 

[118] Brioude 134, p. 150. 

[119] Brioude 134, p. 150. 

[120] Brioude 134, p. 150. 

[121] Brioude 141, p. 156. 

[122] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[123] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[124] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[125] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[126] La Mure, J. M. de (1675 manuscript, 1860) Histoire des ducs de Bourbon et des comtes de Forez (Paris), Tome I, p. 190. 

[127] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[128] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[129] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[130] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[131] Brioude 141, p. 156. 

[132] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[133] Brioude 140, p. 155. 

[134] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[135] Sauxillanges 100, p. 110. 

[136] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[137] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[138] Brioude 160, p. 173. 

[139] Sauxillanges 100, p. 110. 

[140] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[141] Brioude 160, p. 173. 

[142] Brioude 154, p. 169. 

[143] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[144] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[145] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[146] Brioude 140, p. 155. 

[147] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[148] Brioude 140, p. 155. 

[149] Brioude 108, p. 124. 

[150] Brioude 334, p. 338. 

[151] Brioude 336, p. 341. 

[152] Sauxillanges 179, p. 160. 

[153] Cluny Tome II, 1525, p. 574. 

[154] Sauxillanges 363, p. 280. 

[155] Cluny Tome II, 1525, p. 574. 

[156] Sauxillanges 363, p. 280. 

[157] Baluze, S. (1708) Histoire généalogique de la maison d’Auvergne (Paris) ("Baluze (1708) Auvergne"), Tome I, p. 38. 

[158] Doniol, H. (ed.) (1864) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Sauxillanges (Clermont), 267, quoted in Settipani (2004), p. 317. 

[159] Brioude 323, p. 328. 

[160] Doniol, H. (ed.) (1864) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Sauxillanges (Clermont), 402, quoted in Settipani (2004), p. 317. 

[161] Flandria Generosa 25, MGH SS IX, p. 323.   

[162] See for example ES III 732. 

[163] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1005, MGH SS XXIII, p. 778. 

[164] Brioude 331, p. 335. 

[165] Brioude 331, p. 335. 

[166] Doniol, H. (ed.) (1864) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Sauxillanges (Clermont), 402, quoted in Settipani (2004), p. 317. 

[167] Brioude 331, p. 335. 

[168] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 46. 

[169] Sauxillanges 279, p. 225. 

[170] Sauxillanges 571, p. 423. 

[171] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 46. 

[172] Monsabert, D. P. de (ed.) (1910) Chartes et documents pour servir à l'histoire de l'abbaye de Charroux, Archives historiques du Poitou Tome XXXIX (Poitiers) ("Charroux") IV, p. 91. 

[173] Sauxillanges 279, p. 225. 

[174] Sauxillanges 571, p. 423. 

[175] Sauxillanges 321, p. 254. 

[176] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 46. 

[177] Charroux IV, p. 91. 

[178] Charroux IV, p. 91. 

[179] Charroux IV, p. 91. 

[180] Sauxillanges 279, p. 225. 

[181] Sauxillanges 571, p. 423. 

[182] Sauxillanges 321, p. 254. 

[183] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 46. 

[184] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 46. 

[185] Charroux IV, p. 91. 

[186] Sauxillanges 279, p. 225. 

[187] Sauxillanges 321, p. 254. 

[188] Doniol, H. (ed.) (1864) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Sauxillanges (Clermont), 402, quoted in Settipani (2004), p. 317. 

[189] Brioude 331, p. 335. 

[190] Doniol, H. (ed.) (1864) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Sauxillanges (Clermont), 402, quoted in Settipani (2004), p. 317. 

[191] Flandria Generosa 25, MGH SS IX, p. 323.   

[192] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1005, MGH SS XXIII, p. 778. 

[193] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Saint-Père-enVallée, p. 185.       

[194] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Pontlevoy, p. 209.       

[195] Charroux IV, p. 91. 

[196] Sauxillanges 279, p. 225. 

[197] Sauxillanges 571, p. 423. 

[198] Desjardins, G. (ed.) (1879) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Conques en Rouergue (Paris) ("Conques"), no. 46, p. 48, and no. 523, pp. 372-3. 

[199] Sauxillanges 321, p. 254. 

[200] Sauxillanges 572, p. 424. 

[201] Brioude 307, p. 312. 

[202] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 231, col. 462. 

[203] Guérard, M. (1857) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Victor de Marseille (Paris) Tome II, Chartularium Minus, 837, p. 203. 

[204] Sauxillanges 321, p. 254. 

[205] Sauxillanges 572, p. 424. 

[206] Brioude 307, p. 312. 

[207] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 53. 

[208] ES III 732. 

[209] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 59. 

[210] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 53. 

[211] Cluny V 3698, p. 46. 

[212] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 59. 

[213] Pontiari, E. (ed.) (1927-8) De rebus gestis Rogerii Calabriæ et Siciliæ comitis et Roberti Guiscardi ducis fratris eius (Bologna) (“Malaterra”) IV.8, p. 90. 

[214] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome I, p. 55. 

[215] ES III 732. 

[216] Delaborde, H. F. (ed.) (1880) Chartes de Terre Sainte provenant de l'abbaye de Notre-Dame de Josaphat (Paris) ("Josaphat") III, p. 24. 

[217] Brühl, C. R. (ed.) (1987) Codex Diplomaticus Regni Siciliæ, Series I, Tomus II/1. Rogerius II. Regis Diplomata Latina (Köln, Wien) ("Rogerius II. Regis Diplomata Latina"), 27, p. 76. 

[218] Rogerius II. Regis Diplomata Latina, 63, p. 179. 

[219] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 53. 

[220] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 60. 

[221] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 60. 

[222] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 53. 

[223] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 53. 

[224] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1198, MGH SS XXIII, p. 877. 

[225] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome I, p. 69. 

[226] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 72. 

[227] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome I, p. 68, and Tome II, p. 761 quoting "Extrait de la Table généalogique des comtes d’Auvergne imprimée par M. du Bouchet à Paris chez François Preuveray en l’année 1665". 

[228] Vic, Dom C. de and Dom Vaissete (1840) Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. (Paris), Tome IV, Additions et Notes (supplement), Preuves, I, p. 122.

[229] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome I, p. 68, and Tome II, p. 761 quoting "Extrait de la Table généalogique des comtes d’Auvergne imprimée par M. du Bouchet à Paris chez François Preuveray en l’année 1665". 

[230] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 761. 

[231] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome I, p. 69. 

[232] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 70. 

[233] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome I, p. 70. 

[234] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1198, MGH SS XXIII, p. 877. 

[235] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 78. 

[236] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1198, MGH SS XXIII, p. 877. 

[237] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1198, MGH SS XXIII, p. 877. 

[238] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 77. 

[239] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 78. 

[240] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 81. 

[241] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 82. 

[242] La Mure (1675/1860), Tome I, p. 171. 

[243] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 81. 

[244] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 82. 

[245] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2193, p. 237. 

[246] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 891. 

[247] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 891. 

[248] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 82. 

[249] Guigue, M.-C. (ed.) (1867) Obituarium Lugdunensis ecclesiæ (Lyon) ("Obituarium Lugdunensis"), Pièces justificatives, 36, p. 209. 

[250] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 82. 

[251] Butkens, C. (1724) Trophées tant sacrés que profanes du duché de Brabant (The Hague), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 70, "Extraicts des chartes de Brabant". 

[252] Obituarium Lugdunensis, Pièces justificatives, 36, p. 209. 

[253] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 85. 

[254] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 85. 

[255] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 85. 

[256] Puy-en-Velay Templiers, XXVI, p. 32. 

[257] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 89. 

[258] La Mure (1675/1860), Tome I, p. 171. 

[259] La Mure (1675/1860), Tome I, p. 201. 

[260] La Mure (1675/1860), Tome III, Preuves, 46, p. 40. 

[261] Obituaires de Lyon I, Saint-Thomas-en-Forez, p. 449.       

[262] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 90. 

[263] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 90. 

[264] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1198, MGH SS XXIII, p. 877. 

[265] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 78. 

[266] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1227, MGH SS XXIII, p. 919. 

[267] Obituarium Lugdunensis, Pièces justificatives, 36, p. 209. 

[268] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1234, MGH SS XXIII, p. 934. 

[269] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 76. 

[270] Valbonnais, Marquis de (1723) Histoire de Dauphiné (Geneva), Tome I, T, p. 185. 

[271] Duplès-Agier, H. (ed.) (1884) Chroniques de Saint-Martial de Limoges (Paris) Chronicon Bernardi Iterii, p. 75. 

[272] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome I, p. 368, citing Justel, C. (1645) Histoire généalogique de la maison d’Auvergne, no page cited. 

[273] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 891. 

[274] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 81. 

[275] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 82. 

[276] Maxwell Lyte, H. C. (ed.) (1901) Patent Rolls of the reign of Henry III preserved in the Public Record Office 1215-1225 (London), p. 552. 

[277] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 90. 

[278] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes V, 144, p. 50. 

[279] La Mure (1675/1860), Tome I, p. 201. 

[280] La Mure (1675/1860), Tome I, p. 171. 

[281] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 89. 

[282] Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Heredum Franciæ 7, MGH SS XXV, p. 390. 

[283] Oude Kronik van Brabant, Codex Diplomaticus Neerlandicus, Second Series (Utrecht 1855), deerde deel, Part 1, p. 62. 

[284] Butkens (1724), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 70, "Extraicts des chartes de Brabant". 

[285] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 108. 

[286] Butkens (1724), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 98, "Lettre tirée des chartes de Brabant". 

[287] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, p. 562. 

[288] Butkens (1724), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 80, "Lettre tirée des chartes de Brabant". 

[289] Foppens, J. F. (1748) Diplomatum Belgicorum nova collectio, sive supplementum ad opera diplomatica Auberti Miræi (Brussels), Tome IV, Pars IV, p. 573. 

[290] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 90. 

[291] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 85. 

[292] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 108. 

[293] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 114. 

[294] Notes et documents pour servir á l’histoire, HS 32, (1998, Groupe de recherches archéologiques et historiques du Livradois-Forez) ("GRAHLF"), Tome VI, summary only available at <http://www.grahlf.fr/notes et documents.html> (17 Apr 2011). 

[295] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 114. 

[296] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 117. 

[297] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 114. 

[298] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 114. 

[299] Huillard-Bréholles, J. L. A. (1867) Titres de la Maison ducale de Bourbon (Paris), Tome I, 1013, p. 178. 

[300] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 144. 

[301] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 121. 

[302] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 126. 

[303] Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Tome I, 1013, p. 178. 

[304] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 146. 

[305] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 146. 

[306] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome I, p. 111. 

[307] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 114. 

[308] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 114. 

[309] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 114. 

[310] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 121.