CASTILE & LEON, counts & kings

  v3.0 Updated 17 June 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                CONDES en [de] CASTILLA 850-1035. 4

A.         CONDES en CASTILLA, descendants of Conde RODRIGO.. 4

B.         CONDES en CASTILLA, family of GONZALO Téllez. 9

C.        CONDES en CASTILLA, family of FERNANDO Ansúrez. 12

D.        CONDES en CASTILLA, descendants of MUNIO Núñez. 18

E.         OTHER CONDES en CASTILLA.. 25

F.         CONDES de CASTILLA 932-1035. 26

Chapter 2.                KINGS of CASTILE & LEON 1035-1217. 42

A.         KINGS of CASTILE and LEON 1035-1217 (JIMENA DYNASTY of NAVARRE) 42

B.         KINGS of CASTILE and LEÓN 1112-1217 (BOURGOGNE-COMTE) 69

Chapter 3.                KINGS of LEÓN. 83

A.         KINGS of LEÓN 1157-1230. 84

B.         SEÑORES de MOLINA.. 98

Chapter 4.                KINGS of CASTILE & LEÓN 1217-1369. 103

A.         KINGS of CASTILE & LEÓN 1217-1369. 103

B.         MANUEL Family, Señores de VILLENA, descendants of Infante don MANUEL de CASTILLA.. 144

C.        Descendants of Infante don FERNANDO "él de la Cerda" de CASTILLA [son of ALFONSO X King of Castile]: de la CERDA.. 152

D.        Descendants of Infante don JUAN de CASTILLA [son of ALFONSO X King of Castile]: Señores de VALENCIA de Campos. 162

Chapter 5.                    KINGS OF CASTILE & LEÓN 1369-1504 (TRASTÁMARA) 166

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

As early as the reign of Alfonso II "el Casto" King of Asturias (791-842), the construction of a series of fortified villages and castles was started in the mountains above the upper Ebro to guard against Muslim invasions, from which the name "Castilla" (later given to the area) was derived.  In 804, a separate bishopric was established at Valpuesta to administer religious affairs in the area.  Later resources record that King Alfonso II appointed regional judges who were the first rulers of the province, and that these judges were gradually replaced by regional counts administering local districts.  Martínez Díez classifies the existence of these judges as “legendario, producto de la creación literaria, sin ningún apoyo cronístico coetáneo ni documental[1]The county of Castile was originally only one of the local districts administered under the kings of Asturias, but the name was gradually extended to the entire area.  Ibn al-Athir records that Fruela I King of Asturias (so dated to the 760s) took control of “Lugo, Portucale, Salamanca, Zamora, Ávila, Segovia y Castilla[2]Martínez Díez indicates that this passage represents the earliest mention of “Castilla” in history, although he concedes that Ibn al-Athir may have updated texts written in the 9th or 10th century by substituting the term which described the area when he compiled his own work (in the mid-13th century)[3].  King Fruela´s connection with the area is confirmed by the earliest document which relates to a location within the territory which evolved as Castilla: the charter dated 24 Apr 759 under which "abbatissa Nonna Bella" agreed with her nuns to establish the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso, located 5 km from Belorado, the agreement being made "coram...Froilani regis"[4].  The Anales Complutenses (now more commonly known as the Anales Castellanos Segundos) record in 814 (Era 852) that “foras montani” left “Malacouria” and came “ad Castellam[5].  The earliest charter (which is not either spurious or dubious) in which the name “Castilla” appears is the document dated 18 Jan 836 under which “Cardiel presbitero” donated property “in Castella quod nominatur Uilla Kardelli...et Uillella” to the church of San Andrés de Asía[6]

 

The Chronicon Burgense records that “Rodericus comes” (see below, Chapter 1) populated Amaya in 860 “per mandatum Regis Ordonii[7].  Other early reports relating to Castile are provided by the Chronicon Albeldense which records the rebellion of “Froilane, Galliciæ comite” in the first year of the reign of Alfonso III King of Asturias (866), the king´s exile in “Castellam”, and his return after Fruela was killed[8].  The same source records that “Didacus filius Ruderici erat comes in Castella” during the reign of Alfonso III King of Asturias, dated to 882, while “Vigila Scemeniz” was “comes in Alava” and attacked Castile and arrived at “castrum...Ponte curbem[9]

 

Until about 930, power in Castile was shared by five different families, the relationship between whom, if any, cannot be traced with certainty.  There was no true central authority, and it is probably more accurate to describe these different counts as "in Castile" rather than "of Castile" at that time.  This shared authority is illustrated by the Cronica de Sampiro which names "Nunius Fredenandi, Abolmondar Albus et suus filius Didacus, et Fredenandi Ansuri filius" (see below, Chapter 1, parts D, A and C, respectively) as those counts who governed "Burgos" and who were captured by King Ordoño II "in riuo…Carrion, loco…Tebulare", datable to [922/23] from the context of the passage[10].  In 930, Gonzalo Fernández, known as "de Lara" from the castle which he built, succeeded his father after nine years in exile.  From that date until 1029, the county prospered, especially under the rule of the strong count Fernando González, son of Gonzalo Fernández.  The succession became hereditary in the same family, and the counts established full political autonomy from the neighbouring kingdoms of León and Navarre.  They also strengthened the county's frontiers against Muslim incursions, although in the later 10th and early 11th centuries the ruling counts benefited from strategic alliances with certain Muslim rulers. 

 

In the early 11th century, the county of Castile was to some extent eclipsed by the powerful Sancho III King of Navarre, who had succeeded as king in 999 and already controlled the county of Aragon in addition to Navarre itself.  King Sancho married the eldest daughter of Sancho García Count of Castile in 1010, which was to prove a judicious move for his own further territorial expansion.  In 1029, the last independent Count of Castile, García II Sánchez, was murdered.  Although his sister, the queen of Navarre, nominally succeeded as countess in her own right, the county was claimed in her name by her husband King Sancho, who installed their second son Fernando as count in her place.  After extending his influence to the kingdom of León through another judicious marriage, King Sancho became the focus of all political power in the various Christian states in Spain.  This centralised state of affairs was short-lived.  The king divided his territories between his sons on his death in 1035.  Fernando retained Castile, which was raised to the status of a kingdom.  His succession as Fernando I King of Castile marked the arrival of Castile as a powerful force in Iberian politics. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    CONDES en [de] CASTILLA 850-1035

 

 

 

A.      CONDES en CASTILLA, descendants of Conde RODRIGO

 

 

RODRIGO, son of --- (-4 Oct 873[11])The origin of Rodrigo is unknown.  He is referred to as Rodrigo, son of Ramiro I King of Asturias by Fernández de Béthencourt[12], presumably premised on Ramiro's second wife being Urraca de Castilla.  This is chronologically impossible as Rodrigo is documented in 852 as conde, only ten years after the date of King Ramiro's second marriage.  According to Pérez de Urbel, Rodrigo's appointment as conde in Castilla suggests some relationship with the royal family, maybe through Paterna, second wife of King Ramiro I[13].  King Ordoño I appointed him to defend the eastern frontier of Asturias, replacing the previously appointed judges who ruled the country, although it appears that his rule as Conde de Castilla was limited to the area north of the Santander mountains[14].  He is named as Conde en Castilla in the 852 foundation charter of San Martín de Ferrán, and in the [866/73] foundation charter of San Martín de Escalada[15].  The Chronicon Burgense records that “Rodericus comes” populated Amaya in 860 “per mandatum Regis Ordonii[16].  He confirmed a charter of the monastery of San Millán de Salcedo dated 18 Apr 873[17].  The dating clause of a charter dated 29 May 873, under which "senior Didaco Ovecoz...cum uxore mea domna Guntroda" donated the churches of Santa María de Fresno and San Andrés de Treviana to the monastery of San Mamés, records "principe...Adefonso in Oveto et comite Roderico in Castella"[18]

m ---.  The name of Rodrigo's wife is not known. 

Conde Rodrigo & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         [daughter.  This marriage is not referred to in Pérez de Urbel.  It may be speculative in an attempt to explain the nomination of Nuño as Conde en Castilla, although it is not certain that his appointment was due to family connections.  m MUNIO Núñez "él de Castrojeriz" Conde en Castilla, son of MUNIO Núñez "él de Branosera" & his wife Argilo --- (-after 900).] 

2.         DIEGO Rodríguez "Porcelos" (-Coruña del Conde, Burgos 31 Jan 885)["Didaco comite" donated property to the monastery of San Felices de Oca, by charter dated 15 Mar 863, witnessed by "Gomaze, Gogenellu, Sarrazino…"[19].  "Didaco comite" donated property to the monastery of San Felices de Oca, by charter dated 864, witnessed by "Gomaze, Gonellu, Sarrazino…"[20].  "Comite Didaco" donated property to the monastery of San Felices de Oca, by charter dated 869 "regnante Adefonso in Oveto et Didaco comite in Castella", witnessed by "Gomaze, Flagino"[21].  Martínez Díez indicates that these charters are all falsifications, highlighting in particular that they are dated during the period of Diego´s father´s rule as count[22].]  He succeeded his father as Conde en Castilla.  The Chronicon Albeldense records that “Didacus filius Ruderici erat comes in Castella” during the reign of Alfonso III King of Asturias, dated to 882[23].  The Chronicon Albeldense records in 883 that the Muslims (“Almundar, Mahomat regis filius cum duce Abohalt”) invaded “ad terminos Castellæ in pont Curbo castro”, adding that “Didacus comes” ruled[24].  He expanded the county to the south towards the source of the River Ebro, restoring the town of Oca[25].  The Chronicon Burgense records that “Didacus comes” populated Burgos in 884[26].  The Crónica Najerense records that “el conde Diego” repopulated Burgos in 884 and died “en Cornuta” 31 Jan 885[27]m ---.  The name of Diego's wife is not known.  Conde Diego & his wife had [six] children: 

a)         RODRIGO Díaz "el Abolmondar" (-after 930).  [“...Gundisalbo Gudistioz, Didaco Gudistioz, Ruderico Didaz...Didaco Nebzan, Albaro Obecoz...” subscribed the charter dated 3 Feb 921 under which “Gundissalbus Didaci comite filius et uxor mea domna Maria” donated “molinis...aqua de Ebeia et de Arlanzon...” to San Pedro de Cardeña[28]It is not certain that “Ruderico Didaz” was the brother of the donor”.]  The Cronica de Sampiro names "Nunius Fredenandi, Abolmondar Albus et suus filius Didacus, et Fredenandi Ansuri filius" as those counts who governed "Burgos" and who were captured by King Ordoño II "in riuo…Carrion, loco…Tebulare", dateable to [922/23] from the context of the passage[29].  “Rudericus Didaz et uxor mea Justa” donated property to the monastery of San Juan de Tabladillo by charter dated 29 Dec 924, witnessed by “...Didaco Roderiz, Munio Roderiz, Feles Roderiz, Donna Gotina...[30].  He confirmed the 930 document of conde Fernando González and his mother relating to land at Lara[31]m JUSTA, daughter of --- (-after 29 Dec 924).  “Rudericus Didaz et uxor mea Justa” donated property to the monastery of San Juan de Tabladillo by charter dated 29 Dec 924, witnessed by “...Didaco Roderiz, Munio Roderiz, Feles Roderiz, Donna Gotina...[32].  Rodrigo & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          DIEGO Rodríguez .  The Cronica de Sampiro names "Nunius Fredenandi, Abolmondar Albus et suus filius Didacus, et Fredenandi Ansuri filius" as those counts who governed "Burgos" and who were captured by King Ordoño II "in riuo…Carrion, loco…Tebulare", dateable to [922/23] from the context of the passage[33].  “Rudericus Didaz et uxor mea Justa” donated property to the monastery of San Juan de Tabladillo by charter dated 29 Dec 924, witnessed by “...Didaco Roderiz, Munio Roderiz, Feles Roderiz...[34].  The first three witnesses are assumed to be the donor´s sons although the relationship is not specified in the document. 

ii)         MUNIO Rodríguez (-after 29 Dec 924).  “Rudericus Didaz et uxor mea Justa” donated property to the monastery of San Juan de Tabladillo by charter dated 29 Dec 924, witnessed by “...Didaco Roderiz, Munio Roderiz, Feles Roderiz, Donna Gotina...[35].  The first three witnesses are assumed to be the donor´s sons although the relationship is not specified in the document. 

iii)        FELES Rodríguez (-after 29 Dec 924).  “Rudericus Didaz et uxor mea Justa” donated property to the monastery of San Juan de Tabladillo by charter dated 29 Dec 924, witnessed by “...Didaco Roderiz, Munio Roderiz, Feles Roderiz, Donna Gotina...[36].  The first three witnesses are assumed to be the donor´s sons although the relationship is not specified in the document.  same person as...?  FELES --- (-after 1 May 939).  “Feles...cum coniuge mea Elduara et filiis nostris Roderico Abolmondar et Gristillo” sold “vinea et serna et fontes...in locum Quintana iusta flumen Cubiensis et suburbio Burguensisto San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 1 May 939[37].  The document does not specify the donor´s patronymic.  It is therefore not certain that he was Feles Rodríguez, although the name of his son “Rodrigo Abolmondar” (maybe named after his paternal grandfather) suggests that this co-identity may be correct.  m ELDUARA, daughter of --- (-after 1 May 939).  “Feles...cum coniuge mea Elduara et filiis nostris Roderico Abolmondar et Gristillo” sold “vinea et serna et fontes...in locum Quintana iusta flumen Cubiensis et suburbio Burguensisto San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 1 May 939[38]Feles & his wife had two children: 

(a)       RODRIGO “Abolmondar” (-after 1 May 939).  “Feles...cum coniuge mea Elduara et filiis nostris Roderico Abolmondar et Gristillo” sold “vinea et serna et fontes...in locum Quintana iusta flumen Cubiensis et suburbio Burguensisto San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 1 May 939[39]

(b)       GRISTILLO (-after 1 May 939).  “Feles...cum coniuge mea Elduara et filiis nostris Roderico Abolmondar et Gristillo” sold “vinea et serna et fontes...in locum Quintana iusta flumen Cubiensis et suburbio Burguensisto San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 1 May 939[40]

iv)       [GOTINA (-after 29 Dec 924).  “Rudericus Didaz et uxor mea Justa” donated property to the monastery of San Juan de Tabladillo by charter dated 29 Dec 924, witnessed by “...Didaco Roderiz, Munio Roderiz, Feles Roderiz, Donna Gotina...[41].  The first three witnesses are assumed to be the donor´s sons although the relationship is not specified in the document.  If this is correct, it is possible that the fourth witness, whose name is listed before several other male witnesses, was the donor´s daughter.] 

b)         GONZALO Díaz (-after 3 Feb 921).  “Gundissalbus Didaci comite filius et uxor mea domna Maria” donated “molinis...aqua de Ebeia et de Arlanzon...” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 3 Feb 921[42]m MARÍA, daughter of --- (-after 3 Feb 921).  “Gundissalbus Didaci comite filius et uxor mea domna Maria” donated “molinis...aqua de Ebeia et de Arlanzon...” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 3 Feb 921[43].

c)         FERNANDO Díaz (-after 1 May 932).  Conde en Lantarón y Castilla in [913][44]He is named in donations to the monastery of Santiago de León dated 1 Jun 918 and to the church of Oviedo dated 8 Aug 921[45].  A charter dated 1 May 932 records the judgment in a dispute involving the monastery of Cardeñas, in the presence of “comite Fredinando Gundissalbiz et suo alfieriz Gomiz Didaz et de Nunu Fernandez et de Munio Gundisalbiz et de Fredinando Didaz et de Albaro Munnioz”, the dating clause of which names "…comite Fredinando Gundisalviz in Castella"[46]

d)         [GUTINA Díaz.  Pérez de Urbel emphasises that there is no proof of the parentage of Gutina Díaz, wife of Fernando Muñoz.  However, her grandson, conde Fernando González, confirming donations to San Félix made by conde Diego Rodríguez de Castilla, which suggests a close family connection[47]m FERNANDO Muñoz "Niger/él de Castroserio", son of MUNIO Núñez "Rasura/él de Branosera" & his wife Argilo ---.] 

e)         [ASURAm NUÑO Ordóñez de Asturias, son of ORDOÑO I King of Asturias & his wife Munia --- (-after 870).] 

f)          [GÓMEZ Díaz (-after 1 May 932).  Rodríguez Marquina suggests that Gómez Díaz was the son of Diego Rodríguez[48].  A charter dated 1 May 932 records the judgment in a dispute involving the monastery of Cardeñas, in the presence of “comite Fredinando Gundissalbiz et suo alfieriz Gomiz Didaz et de Nunu Fernandez et de Munio Gundisalbiz et de Fredinando Didaz et de Albaro Munnioz”, the dating clause of which names "…comite Fredinando Gundisalviz in Castella"[49].]  m ELDUARA, daughter of --- (-before 29 Jun 959).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 21 Jun 959 under which [her son-in-law and daughter] “Gundissalbo Fredinandiz et uxor mea Fronildi” donated “ratione propria ion pozo de domna Gutina...abemus ex profiliatone mater nostra domna Eldoara iam supra dictato San Pedro de Cardeñas, for the soul of “domna Aldoara[50]Gómez & his wife had four children: 

i)          FERNANDO Gómez (-before 10 Dec 959).  Property inherited from Fernando is mentioned by his sister Fronilde in her [960] donation to Sigüenza[51]

ii)         GUTIERRE Gómez .  Alférez of Fernando Gómez Conde de Castilla[52]

iii)        FRONILDE Gómez (-3 Nov 1009).  “Gundissalbo Fredinandiz et uxor mea Fronildi” donated “ratione propria ion pozo de domna Gutina...abemus ex profiliatone mater nostra domna Eldoara iam supra dictato San Pedro de Cardeñas, for the soul of “domna Aldoara”, by charter dated 29 Jun 959[53]Fronildi Christique famula” donated “vinea in aditos de Kauiato San Pedro de Cardeñas, for the souls of “domno meo Gundissalbo Fernandiz simulque comes seu et Sancio filio meo”, by charter dated 6 Feb 984[54]She became a nun at Sigüenza.  m (before 29 Jun 959) GONZALO Fernández, son of FERNANDO González Conde de Castilla & his first wife Sancha Sánchez de Navarra (-after 29 Jun 959). 

iv)       AURO Gómez .  Abbess of Santa Dorotea de Sigüenza.  Her sister Fronilde made a donation dated 10 Dec 959 of property which came to her from her brother Fernando in favour of the convent[55]

 

 

 

B.      CONDES en CASTILLA, family of GONZALO Téllez

 

 

ARRONCIO ---.  He founded the monastery of San Vicente de Acosta in [870/80][56]

m ---.  The name of Arroncio's wife is not known. 

Arroncio & his wife had one child: 

1.         TELLO .  He is named in his father's document founding the monastery of San Vicente de Acosta in [870/80][57]m ---.  The name of Tello's wife is not known.  Tello & his wife had [two] children:

a)         GONZALO Téllez (-[25 Feb 915/24 Nov 929]).  Conde en Lantarón 18 Nov 897.  Conde en CastillaPérez de Urbel suggests that he ruled in the eastern part of the county on the border with Rioja around Valpuesta[58].  “Gundissalbo Telliz...cum uxor mea Flamula” donated “serna...in Peternales” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 24 Sep 902, subscribed by “...Gutterre, Assuri, Beila Nuniz…[59]The dating clause of a charter of the monastery of Valpuesta dated 1 Sep “Era DCCCCLI” [913, but which must be dated to before 910] records “regnante domini Adefonsi rex in Obeto et comite Gondesalbo Telluz in Castella[60].  The Annales Complutense record that “Gunzalvo Teliz” populated “Osma” in 912[61].  The dating clause of a charter dated 13 May 913, under which four individuals swore testimony on the altar of the church of San Millán de Cabinea “Gondesalbo Tellizi iuraturi”, records “regnante domno [Garsea in Le]ione et comite Gundesalbo Telluz in Lan[ta]ro[ne][62].  Conde in Cerezo: “Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamula” donated its church to “sanctorum Georgii et Sanctii Ihoannis...in supurbio...Cerasio” by charter dated 25 Oct 913, the dating clause of which records “...comite Gundissalbo Telliz in Cerasio”, witnessed by “...Assur Gundisalbo, Munnio Assuri, Gomiz, Uuistremiro, Garsea rex[63]Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamba” donated “serna...in villa per suos terminos, de una parte flumine Uena...” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 25 Feb 915, witnessed by “...Montanus, Gundissalbo, Assuri, Albaro[64]m FLÁMULA, daughter of [FERNANDO Muñoz & his wife Gutina Díaz] (-after 24 Nov 929).  “Gundissalbo Telliz...cum uxor mea Flamula” donated “serna...in Peternales” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 24 Sep 902, subscribed by “...Gutterre, Assuri, Beila Nuniz…[65]Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamula” donated its church to “sanctorum Georgii et Sanctii Ihoannis...in supurbio...Cerasio” by charter dated 25 Oct 913[66]Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamba” donated “serna...in villa per suos terminos, de una parte flumine Uena...” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 25 Feb 915[67]Flamula” donated "situm in locum...Karadigna...Peternales iusta atrium Sancta Lucidia" to San Pedro de Cardeña, for the soul of “domno meo Gundissalbo Telliz”, by charter dated 24 Nov 929, the dating clause of which records “...comite Fredinando Assuriz in Castella”, witnessed by “...Sanzio Ennecoz, Munnio Obecoz, Didaco Obecoz...[68].  Her parentage is suggested because her supposed sister-in-law Muniadomna and supposed nephew, Fernando González, confirmed documents of Flámula after the death of her husband[69].  Gonzalo & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          [GUTIERRE [González] (-[24 Sep 902/25 Oct 913]).  “Gundissalbo Telliz...cum uxor mea Flamula” donated “serna...in Peternales” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 24 Sep 902, subscribed by “...Gutterre, Assuri, Beila Nuniz…[70]The position of Gutierre and Ansur in the list of subscribers suggests that they may have been the donors´ children.  This impression is reinforced by the inclusion of Gutierre´s supposed brother Ansur with the patronymic González in the charter dated 25 Oct 913 (see below).  If the co-identity is correct, Gutierre´s absence from the same charter suggests that he died before that date.] 

ii)         [ANSUR González (-after 23 May 932).  “Gundissalbo Telliz...cum uxor mea Flamula” donated “serna...in Peternales” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 24 Sep 902, subscribed by “...Gutterre, Assuri, Beila Nuniz…[71]The position of Gutierre and Ansur in the list of subscribers suggests that they may have been the donors´ children.  This impression is reinforced by the inclusion of Ansur´s patronymic in the charter dated 25 Oct 913 under which “Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamula” donated its church to “sanctorum Georgii et Sanctii Ihoannis...in supurbio...Cerasio”, witnessed by “...Assur Gundisalbo, Munnio Assuri, Gomiz, Uuistremiro, Garsea rex[72]Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamba” donated “serna...in villa per suos terminos, de una parte flumine Uena...” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 25 Feb 915, witnessed by “...Montanus, Gundissalbo, Assuri, Albaro[73]Assuri Gundissalbiz…cum filiis meis Gundissalbo et Munnio” donated property to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 23 May 932, the dating clause of which names "…comite Fredinando Gundisalviz in Castella", witnessed by "…Garsea, Didaco Rodriz, Lope, Endura, Flaginus Zitis…"[74]m ---.  The name of Ansur´s wife is not known.  Ansur & his wife had two children: 

(a)       GONZALO Ansúrez (-after 23 May 932).  “Assuri Gundissalbiz…cum filiis meis Gundissalbo et Munnio” donated property to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 23 May 932, the dating clause of which names "…comite Fredinando Gundisalviz in Castella", witnessed by "…Garsea, Didaco Rodriz, Lope, Endura, Flaginus Zitis…"[75]

(b)       MUNIO Ansúrez (-after 23 May 932).  [“Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamula” donated its church to “sanctorum Georgii et Sanctii Ihoannis...in supurbio...Cerasio” by charter dated 25 Oct 913, witnessed by “...Assur Gundisalbo, Munnio Assuri, Gomiz, Uuistremiro, Garsea rex[76].  The date of this charter is early for “Munio Assuri” to refer to the same person who is named in the source cited below.  Also, if the co-identity is correct, it is not clear why Munio´s older brother Gonzalo would have been omitted from the subscription list.]  Assuri Gundissalbiz…cum filiis meis Gundissalbo et Munnio” donated property to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 23 May 932, the dating clause of which names "…comite Fredinando Gundisalviz in Castella", witnessed by "…Garsea, Didaco Rodriz, Lope, Endura, Flaginus Zitis…"[77]

iii)        [MUNIO González (-after 1 May 932).  A charter dated 1 May 932 records the judgment in a dispute involving the monastery of Cardeñas, in the presence of “comite Fredinando Gundissalbiz et suo alfieriz Gomiz Didaz et de Nunu Fernandez et de Munio Gundisalbiz et de Fredinando Didaz et de Albaro Munnioz”, the dating clause of which names "…comite Fredinando Gundisalviz in Castella"[78].] 

b)         [OVECO Téllez (-after 930).  He confirmed the 930 document of conde Fernando González and his mother relating to land at Lara[79].]  m ---.  The name of Oveco's wife is not known.  Oveco & his wife had [three possible children]:

i)          [TELLO Ovecoz (-after 932).  He witnessed a 932 document selling property in Salinas de Añana[80].] 

ii)         [MUNIO Ovecoz (.after 24 Nov 929).  “Flamula” donated "situm in locum...Karadigna...Peternales iusta atrium Sancta Lucidia" to San Pedro de Cardeña, for the soul of “domno meo Gundissalbo Telliz”, by charter dated 24 Nov 929, the dating clause of which records “...comite Fredinando Assuriz in Castella”, witnessed by “...Sanzio Ennecoz, Munnio Obecoz, Didaco Obecoz...[81].] 

iii)        [DIEGO Ovecoz (.after 24 Nov 929).  “Flamula” donated "situm in locum...Karadigna...Peternales iusta atrium Sancta Lucidia" to San Pedro de Cardeña, for the soul of “domno meo Gundissalbo Telliz”, by charter dated 24 Nov 929, the dating clause of which records “...comite Fredinando Assuriz in Castella”, witnessed by “...Sanzio Ennecoz, Munnio Obecoz, Didaco Obecoz...[82].]   

 

 

 

C.      CONDES en CASTILLA, family of FERNANDO Ansúrez

 

 

ANSUR ---. 

m ---.  The name of Ansur's wife is not known. 

Ansur & his wife had two children:

1.         FERNANDO Ansúrez (-930 or after)Conde en Castilla: the dating clause of a charter dated 13 Nov 917, under which “Alaricus presbiter et germana mea Eilo devota...” donated all their property to San Pedro de Cardeña, records “...Fredinando comite in Castela[83].  “Fredinando Assuriz et uxor mea Momadonna et filio nostro Assur Fernandiz” donated “serna in locum...Riuo de Uena iusta ecclesie Sancte Eolalie” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 4 Mar 921, witnessed by “Assur, Obeco Nuniz, Tello...[84]"…Nunus Guter, Lucidus Vimarine, Didacus Federnandici, Gundisaluus Betonice...Gundisaluus, Guincaluus Ferdinandiz, Federnandus Ansuriz, Gudesteus…" subscribed the charter dated to [922] which records an agreement between the bishops of Lugo and Santiago “pro commissos Prucios et Visancos[85].  The Cronica de Sampiro names "Nunius Fredenandi, Abolmondar Albus et suus filius Didacus, et Fredenandi Ansuri filius" as those counts who governed "Burgos" and who were captured by King Ordoño II "in riuo…Carrion, loco…Tebulare", dateable to [922/23] from the context of the passage[86].  “Regnante…Comite Fredinando Assuriz in Castella” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 25 Feb 926, under which "Gomiz et uxor mea Maria" sold property to "Zaid"[87].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Oct 929, under which “Gomiz et uxor mea Maria” donated "vinea inter aditos de Karadigna et Escopella" to San Pedro de Cardeña, records “...comite Fredinando Assuriz in Castella[88].  The dating clause of a charter dated 24 Nov 929, under which “Flamula” donated "situm in locum...Karadigna" to San Pedro de Cardeña, records “...comite Fredinando Assuriz in Castella[89].  Conde de Campos.  m ([after Jan 914]) MUNIADOMNA, daughter of ---(-after 4 Mar 921).  Fredinando Assuriz et uxor mea Momadonna et filio nostro Assur Fernandiz” donated “serna in locum...Riuo de Uena iusta ecclesie Sancte Eolalie” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 4 Mar 921, witnessed by “Assur, Obeco Nuniz, Tello...[90]She may have been Muniadomna, widow of García I King of Asturias and León, daughter of Munio Núñez "el de Castrogeriz" Conde en Castilla & his wife [--- Rodríguez de Castilla].  Pérez de Urbel says that this second marriage is not certain but "suspected"[91].  Conde Fernando & his wife had one child: 

a)         ANSUR Fernández (-after 24 Sep 946).  Fredinando Assuriz et uxor mea Momadonna et filio nostro Assur Fernandiz” donated “serna in locum...Riuo de Uena iusta ecclesie Sancte Eolalie” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 4 Mar 921, witnessed by “Assur, Obeco Nuniz, Tello...[92]He confirmed the 28 Jan 929 donation of Conde Fernando González and his mother to the monastery of Santa María de Lara[93].  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[94]Conde en Castilla: the dating clause of a charter dated 23 Aug 944, under which Ramiro II King of León donated “terra qui condam extitit pumare de comite” to San Pedro de Cardeñas, records “...comite Assur Fernandiz in Castella[95].  "Comite Assuri Fredenandiz…in Castella" donated property to San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 22 Nov 944[96], although presumably this is a later fabrication as the monastery was only founded in the early 11th century.  "Ranimirus rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 29 Mar 945, subscribed by "…Assur Fernandiz, Aurelius Baroncelli"[97].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Assuri Fredenandiz…"[98].  “...Ansur Fredenandiz, Fredenando Gontesalviz...” confirmed the charter dated 24 Sep 946 under which King Ramiro II donated "villa...Perales et Volpiare et Villa Rezmiro secundum obtinuit illas Gundisalbo Moniz" to Vega[99]m GONTRODA, daughter of ---.  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[100].  Salazar Acha suggests that she may have been Gontroda Núñez, daughter of [Nuño Vélaz & his wife ---], for onomastics reasons only, the names of her children recalling those of her supposed brothers[101].  Ansur & his wife had seven children: 

i)          FERNANDO Ansúrez (-after 23 Apr 978).  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[102].  The version of this charter reproduced by Berganza includes a different subscription list: "Ramirus Rex, Domna Toda, Fernandus Assuriz filius comitis, Oveco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Nuno Assuriz, Guter Assuriz, Gonzalo Assuriz, Domna Taresa filia comitis…"[103].  "Fernandus Ansurez comite in Montesson" donated "Villagutierrez Alvarez…inter Montem del Rey et Villaximenam" to the monastery of Santa María de Husillos by charter dated 26 Apr 950[104].  "Alfonsus…Hispaniæ Rex…cum conjuge mea regina Domina Berengaria", by undated charter, confirmed the different territories contributed by "Anrricus et Nunio Ansurez…suo germano Ferdinando Ansurez qui erat comite in Monteson…Gundisalus Ansurez…sua germana Domina Tarasia Regina et Rex Ramiro qui erat in Legione…" towards the foundation of the monastery of Santa María de Husillos dated 17 Sep 950[105].  "Fernandus et Gundisalvus Anxurez comites" defined the territory of the monastery of Santa María de Husillos founded by them by charter dated 17 Sep 950[106].  "Fernandus Ansurez comite in Monteson" donated "mea villa de Pallares…sita inter Grijota er riuum de Carrione" to the monastery of Santa María de Husillos by charter dated 24 Apr 955[107].  He played an important role at the court of Ordoño III and Sancho I Kings of León.  "Sanctius rex" donated property to the monastery of Sahagún by charter dated 26 Apr 960, confirmed by "Tarasia, Gilvira Ranimiri prolis", signed by "…Fredinando Ansuriz…"[108].  "Fredenando Assuriz et uxor Tota" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 25 Aug 976"[109].  He also confirmed donations to the monastery of Sahagún 17 Jun 950, 11 May 976, 16 Jun 977 and 23 Apr 978[110].  Conde de Monzón.  He is named in a charter of Ramiro III King of León dated 976[111]m TODA, daughter of ---.  "Fredenando Assuriz et uxor Tota" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 25 Aug 976[112].  Fernando & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ANSUR Fernández (-after 24 Nov 978).  He confirmed documents in 970 and 972[113].  "…Asur Fernandez…" subscribed the charter dated 25 Dec 978 under which "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of San Cosme y San Damian de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there[114]

ii)         OVECO Ansúrez (-after 28 Jan 945).  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[115].  He confirmed the 28 Jan 945 donation of Fernando García Conde de Castilla to the monastery of San Millán[116]

iii)        ENRIQUE Ansúrez (-[after 17 Sep 950]).  "Alfonsus…Hispaniæ Rex…cum conjuge mea regina Domina Berengaria", by undated charter, confirmed the different territories contributed by "Anrricus et Nunio Ansurez…suo germano Ferdinando Ansurez qui erat comite in Monteson…Gundisalus Ansurez…sua germana Domina Tarasia Regina et Rex Ramiro qui erat in Legione…" towards the foundation of the monastery of Santa María de Husillos dated 17 Sep 950[117]

iv)       MUNIO Ansúrez (-[after 17 Sep 950]).  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[118].  He confirmed the 945 donation of Fernando García Conde de Castilla to the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso[119].  "Alfonsus…Hispaniæ Rex…cum conjuge mea regina Domina Berengaria", by undated charter, confirmed the different territories contributed by "Anrricus et Nunio Ansurez…suo germano Ferdinando Ansurez qui erat comite in Monteson…Gundisalus Ansurez…sua germana Domina Tarasia Regina et Rex Ramiro qui erat in Legione…" towards the foundation of the monastery of Santa María de Husillos dated 17 Sep 950[120].  "Nunius Ansurez" to the monastery of Santa María de Husillos dated 18 Sep 957[121]

v)        [NUÑO Ansúrez (-after 26 Dec 943).  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[122].  The version of this charter reproduced by Berganza includes a different subscription list: "Ramirus Rex, Domna Toda, Fernandus Assuriz filius comitis, Oveco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Nuno Assuriz, Guter Assuriz, Gonzalo Assuriz, Domna Taresa filia comitis…"[123].  No other reference has been found to Nuño Ansúrez, so it is not certain whether he existed.]

vi)       GUTIERRE Ansúrez (-after 26 Dec 943).  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[124]m ---.  The name of Gutierre's wife is not known.  Gutierre & his wife had one child:

(a)       FERNANDO Gutiérrez (-after 1029). 

vii)      GONZALO Ansúrez (-after 15 May 984).  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[125].  “Assur Fernandez comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated property to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 7 Dec 943, witnessed by "Ramirus Rex, Domna Toda, Fernandus Assuriz filius comitis, Oveco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Nuno Assuriz, Guter Assuriz, Gonzalo Assuriz, Domna Taresa filia comitis…"[126].  "Gundisalvus Ansurez comite in Montesson" donated Sahagún to the monastery of Santa María de Husillos by charter dated 26 Apr 947[127].  "Alfonsus…Hispaniæ Rex…cum conjuge mea regina Domina Berengaria", by undated charter, confirmed the different territories contributed by "Anrricus et Nunio Ansurez…suo germano Ferdinando Ansurez qui erat comite in Monteson…Gundisalus Ansurez…sua germana Domina Tarasia Regina et Rex Ramiro qui erat in Legione…" towards the foundation of the monastery of Santa María de Husillos dated 17 Sep 950[128].  "Fernandus et Gundisalvus Anxurez comites" defined the territory of the monastery of Santa María de Husillos founded by them by charter dated 17 Sep 950[129].  He confirmed the 7 Sep 972 document relating to property arrangements at Covarrubias for the monastery of San Cosme y San Damián, and the 15 May 984 donation of Calzadilla de Cueza[130]

viii)     TERESA Ansúrez (-after 997).  “Assur Fredinandiz comes et uxor mea Guntroda cum filiis nostris” donated “fontem...Aderata in termino de Sacramenia” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Dec 943, witnessed by “Fredinando Assuriz, Obeco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Osorio Munnioz...Guttier Assuriz, Gundisalbo Assuriz...[131].  The version of this charter reproduced by Berganza includes a different subscription list: "Ramirus Rex, Domna Toda, Fernandus Assuriz filius comitis, Oveco Assuriz, Munio Assuriz, Nuno Assuriz, Guter Assuriz, Gonzalo Assuriz, Domna Taresa filia comitis…"[132].  The Historia Silense names "Teresa regina" as mother of King Ramiro III[133].  "Alfonsus…Hispaniæ Rex…cum conjuge mea regina Domina Berengaria", by undated charter, confirmed the different territories contributed by "Anrricus et Nunio Ansurez…suo germano Ferdinando Ansurez qui erat comite in Monteson…Gundisalus Ansurez…sua germana Domina Tarasia Regina et Rex Ramiro qui erat in Legione…" towards the foundation of the monastery of Santa María de Husillos dated 17 Sep 950[134].  "Sanctius rex" donated property to the monastery of Sahagún by charter dated 26 Apr 960, confirmed by "Tarasia, Gilvira Ranimiri prolis"[135].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Teresa" as the wife of "King Sancho", when reporting their reburial in light of the threatened invasion of the kingdom of León and Asturias by Al-Mansur[136].  Ranemirus...rex...cum amita et nutrice mea Geloira deodicata...et genitrice Tarasia deouota” donated “de comitatu de Mera III, de Nallare IV...et Parriga media et IV de comitato Nemitos” to Sobrado by charter dated 17 Sep 968[137].  “Ranemirus rex...cum genitrice mea Tarasia regina et Christi ancilla” confirmed the donation of “Parriga media...Mera media, quarta in Nallare, quarta in Nemitos, media Marzola, Vendurio medio” to Sobrado by charter dated 18 Jul 978[138]After her son's defeat, she took refuge in Oviedo where she arranged her grandson's marriage with the son of Queen Velasquita, also exiled in Oviedo[139]m (before 26 Apr 960) SANCHO I “el Craso” King of León, son of RAMIRO II King of León & his first wife Adosinda Gutiérrez (-murdered Dec 966). 

2.         RODANIO Ansúrez .  Abbot. 

 

 

 

D.      CONDES en CASTILLA, descendants of MUNIO Núñez

 

 

1.         [NUÑO Núñez "Rasura", son of NUÑO & his wife --- .  He is named in the 12th century Crónica Najerense as one of the original judges appointed by Alfonso II King of Asturias to govern Castile[140].  The Chronicon de Cardeña records the appointment by “los Castellanos [de] dos Alcaydes Nuño Rasuera è Lain Calvo” during the reign of King Fruela, adding that “el Conde Ferran Gonzalez” descended from the former[141].  Martínez Díez classifies the existence of these judges as “legendario, producto de la creación literaria, sin ningún apoyo cronístico coetáneo ni documental[142], which suggests that Nuño Núñez “Rasura” may not be a historical person at all.  m ---.  The name of Nuño´s wife is not known.  Nuño & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [TERESA Núñez The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "Lain Calvo" married "D. Teresa Nuñez, hija de Nuño Rasura"[143].  However, this source is of doubtful reliability for the early generations.  m LAÍN Calvo, son of ....]  

 

 

1.         MUNIO Núñez "él de Brañosera" .  Pérez de Urbel that Munio Núñez may have been the same person as Nuño Núñez “Rasura”[144], although the names "Nuño" and "Munio" were different.  “Monnio Nunnez et uxor mea Argilo” granted rights to Brañosera by charter dated 13 Oct 824, confirmed by “Gundisalvo Fernandiz comite” who names them as “avi mei”, further confirmed by “Fernando Gundisalviz comite et uxor mea Urraca”, and further confirmed by “Sancio Garcianez comes” who names “meos avos Gundisalvo Fernandiz et Fernando Gundisalvez[145].  Brañosera is within the jurisdiction of Aguilar de Campoo, west of the source of the river Ebro in the lower mountains of Burgos[146]m ARGILO, daughter of --- .  “Monnio Nunnez et uxor mea Argilo” granted rights to Brañosera by charter dated 13 Oct 824, the same document including a charter dated 912 under which “Gundisalvo Fernandiz comite” confirmed these rights granted by “avii mei Monnio Nunniz et Argilo”, as well as a charter dated 1 Apr “Era TVI” under which “Fernando Gundisalviz comite et uxor mea Urracha” confirmed the rights granted by “avi mei Monnio Nunniz et de Argilo[147].  Munio & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [NUÑO Núñez .  “Monnio Nunnez et uxor mea Argilo” granted rights to Brañosera by charter dated 13 Oct 824, the same document including a charter dated 912 under which “Gundisalvo Fernandiz comite” confirmed these rights granted by “avii mei Monnio Nunniz et Argilo”, as well as a charter dated 1 Apr “Era TVI” under which “Fernando Gundisalviz comite et uxor mea Urracha” confirmed the rights granted by “avi mei Monnio Nunniz et de Argilo[148].  This document indicates that Munio Núñez and his wife were “avi” of Gonzalo Fernández, normally translated as grandparents.  However, “avi” is also used in the same document to describe the relationship between Munio Núñez and his more remote descendant Fernando González and in that case evidently indicates a more distant connection.  It is possible therefore that the word was used in both places to indicate “ancestor”.  The patronymic “Núñez” of the two supposed brothers Munio and Fernando indicates that their father was “Nuño” not “Munio”: these two names were distinct in the 9th to 12th century in the Iberian peninsular as shown by numerous examples of nobles with these names who are set out in the document ASTURIAS, GALICIA, LEÓN NOBILITY.  An intervening generation is therefore likely between Munio Núñez “él de Brañosera” and Munio Núñez “él de Castrojeriz”.  If this is correct, no direct reference has been found to Nuño Núñez in his own capacity.  m ---.  Nuño & his wife had two children:] 

i)          MUNIO Núñez "él de Castrojeriz" (-after 910).  The Chronicon Albeldense records the desertion of “castrum...Sigerici” [Castrojeriz] by “Munio filius Nunni” on the arrival of the Muslims in 882[149].  The Chronicon Albeldense records in 883 that the Muslims captured “castellum Sigerici[150].  ["…Pelagius comes, Froila comes, Lucidius comes, Erus Fredernandi, Ascarius, Petrus, Munio Muniz comes, Osorio comes, Gundesaluus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 899 under which Alfonso III King of Asturias consecrated the church of Santiago de Compstela[151].  “...Munio Muniz comes...” has not otherwise been identified.  He may have been Munio Núñez, although most of the other subscribers can be identified as Galician.]  He is referred to as Conde en Castilla 1 Mar 899, 1 Feb 909 and 23 Jul 909, although he was probably not in control of the whole county[152].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Mar 899 records “rex Adefonso in Obieto et comite Munnio Nuniz in Castella et comite Gundissalbo Fernandiz in Uurgos[153]He is referred to as father-in-law of García de Asturias in Ximénez de Rada, suspected of preparing a rebellion against King Alfonso III in 910 and placing his son-in-law on the throne[154][Maybe m --- Rodríguez de Castilla, daughter of RODRIGO Conde en Castilla & his wife ---.  This marriage is not referred to in Pérez de Urbel.  It may be speculative in an attempt to explain the nomination of Nuño as Conde de Castilla, although it is not certain that his appointment was due to family connections.]  Nuño & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       NUÑO Núñez "él de Roa" (-after [914/15]).  Conde en Castilla 914/15.  The Annales Complutense record that “Munio Nunniz” populated “Roda” in 912[155].  “Didaco Rodaniz et uxor mea Tarasia” restored the monastery of San Andrés de Boada in Roa, the properties defined in relation to property which “fuit de Munnio Nunnez comite et uxor illius”, by charter dated 1 Mar 937[156]

(b)       [MUNIADOMNA (-after 13 Oct 913, maybe after 4 Mar 921).  Her parentage is indicated by the Cronica de Sampiro which names "socer…eius [=Garsea] Nunio" when recording his rebellion, implying from the context of the passage that the marriage took place before her husband's accession[157].  The Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition) names García´s father-in-law “Munio Fredinandi[158].  From a chonological point of view, no suitable Munio Fernández has been identified among the condes en Castilla and it appears more likely that Muniadomna´s father was Munio Núñez.  "Garsea princeps et Mumma domna regina" donated certain churches to Eslonza monastery by charter dated 30 Aug 912[159].  "Garseas Rex…cum uxore mea Munia domina" donated certain towns to Eslonza monastery by charter dated 13 Oct 913[160].  "Garseani…rex…cum congugie mea Muma doma regina" donated certain the town of Mutarraf to Eslonza monastery by charter dated 13 May 923 (presumably misdated), confirmed by "Ranimirus, Urraca regina…Gutierre Memendiz, Sesebutus Petri…"[161].  Pérez de Urbel says that her second marriage is not certain but "suspected"[162]Fredinando Assuriz et uxor mea Momadonna et filio nostro Assur Fernandiz” donated “serna in locum...Riuo de Uena iusta ecclesie Sancte Eolalie” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 4 Mar 921, witnessed by “Assur, Obeco Nuniz, Tello...[163]m [firstly] (before 910) GARCÍA de Asturias, son of ALFONSO III "el Magno" King of Asturias & his wife Jimena --- ([871]-Zamora 19 Jan 914, bur [Oviedo]).  He succeeded his father in 910 as GARCÍA I King of Asturias and León.  [m secondly FERNANDO Ansúrez, son of ANSUR --- & his wife --- (-930 or after).  Conde en Castilla 927-930.] 

ii)         FERNANDO Núñez "Niger/él de Castrosiero" (-after 870)His parentage is deduced from the charter which records that Monnio Nunnez et uxor mea Argilo” granted rights to Brañosera dated 13 Oct 824, that “Gundisalvo Fernandiz comite” confirmed these rights granted by “avii mei Monnio Nunniz et Argilo” dated 912, and that “Fernando Gundisalviz comite et uxor mea Urracha” confirmed the rights granted by “avi mei Monnio Nunniz et de Argilo” dated 1 Apr “Era TVI[164]

-         see below

 

 

FERNANDO Núñez "Niger/él de Castrosiero", son of [NUÑO Núñez & his wife ---] (-after 870).  His parentage is deduced from the charter which records that Monnio Nunnez et uxor mea Argilo” granted rights to Brañosera dated 13 Oct 824, that “Gundisalvo Fernandiz comite” confirmed these rights granted by “avii mei Monnio Nunniz et Argilo” dated 912, and that “Fernando Gundisalviz comite et uxor mea Urracha” confirmed the rights granted by “avi mei Monnio Nunniz et de Argilo” dated 1 Apr “Era TVI[165]

m GUTINA Díaz, daughter of [DIEGO Rodríguez "Porcelos" Conde de Castilla & his [first/second] wife ---].  Pérez de Urbel emphasises that there is no proof of Gutina's parentage.  However, it is suggested by her grandson conde Fernando González confirming donations to San Félix made by conde Diego Rodríguez[166]

Fernando & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         GONZALO Fernández de Lara (-after [932], bur Cereso de Río Tirón)The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Mar 899 records “rex Adefonso in Obieto et comite Munnio Nuniz in Castella et comite Gundissalbo Fernandiz in Uurgos[167]Conde en BurgosHis letter dated 912 to the town of Brañosera confirmed the rights granted by his paternal grandparents whom he names[168].  He built the castle of Lara in 902[169]Conde en Castilla: the dating clause of a charter dated 1 Sep 912 records “Garsea principe in Legione et Gundissalbo Fernandiz in Castella[170]The Annales Complutense record that “Gunzalvo Fernandez” populated “Cozca et Clunia et S. Stephanum” in 912[171].  He is last mentioned in Castile in 916[172].  He may have been banished to Navarre from 920 to 930, a "Gundisalvus comes" witnessing royal Navarrese documents during this period[173], although if this is correct it is surprising that his wife did not accompany him, established as she was in the castle of Lara during that time.  "…Nunus Guter, Lucidus Vimarine, Didacus Federnandici, Gundisaluus Betonice...Gundisaluus, Guincaluus Ferdinandiz, Federnandus Ansuriz, Gudesteus…" subscribed the charter dated to [922] which records an agreement between the bishops of Lugo and Santiago “pro commissos Prucios et Visancos[174].  “Gundesalbo Fernandez...” witnessed the charter dated 27 Jun 931 under which Alfonso IV King of León donated "Uilla Frida...usque in flumen Aslanzon" to San Pedro de Cardeña[175].  "Gundisalvus Fredinandiz comes" witnessed a 932 donation, signing immediately after King Ramiro II and before "Fredenandus comes" (presumed to be Fernando González), Pérez de Urbel suggesting that this is the same person as Gonzalo Fernández de Lara[176]m (before 912) MUNIADOMNA, daughter of --- (-[5 Aug 935/938], bur Santa María de Lara).  "Momadonna cometessa" donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Lara, confirmed by her sons "Fredinando Gundisalviz, Ramiro Gundisalviz", by charter dated 28 Jan 929[177].  The origin of Muniadomna is unknown.  Pérez de Urbel suggests that she was Muniadomna, daughter of Ramiro de Asturias titular King of León & his wife Urraca ---, based on her supposed mother being present in the castle of Lara, which belonged to Muniadomna, when she witnessed two charters in 927.  He also points out the apparent corroboration from the naming of her second son after his supposed maternal grandfather.  Muniadomna is referred to as "comitissima", and her descendants referred to in Arab sources as the "Banu Muma" as a tribute to her exceptional character, which may also suggest an illustrious ancestry[178].  “Moma Donna cometissa...cum filiis meis, quorum nomina subter exarata fiunt” donated property to the monastery of San Millán de Belbimbre by charter dated 1 Feb 929 (the dating clause stating “regnante...comite Fredinando Gundesalviz in Castella”), witnessed by “Fredinando Gundesalviz, Ramiro Gundesalviz...[179].  “Munia dona et filius meus Ferrandus proles Gundesalvi” established the territory of the señorío de Lara by charter dated 1 Jan 931[180]Mumadomna cometissa...cum filio meo Fredinando Gundissalbiz...comes et uxor sua domna Sancia seu neptis meis Gundissalbo Fernandiz vel Sanzio Fernandiz” donated “locum...Balzaramio...to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 5 Aug 935, witnessed by "Abolmondar Sarraziniz, Munnio Bellitiz, Muza iben Galeph, Beila Telliz..."[181]Gonzalo & his wife had two children: 

a)         FERNANDO González ([910]-Jun 970, bur Monastery of Arlanza)"Momadonna cometessa" donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Lara, confirmed by her sons "Fredinando Gundisalviz, Ramiro Gundisalviz", by charter dated 28 Jan 929[182].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter of his grandson Sancho García Conde de Castilla in which the latter names his paternal ancestors as far back as Munio Núñez and his wife Argila[183]Conde de Castilla

-        see below

b)         RAMIRO González (-[1 Feb 929/1 Jan 930]).  "Momadonna cometessa" donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Lara, confirmed by her sons "Fredinando Gundisalviz, Ramiro Gundisalviz", by charter dated 28 Jan 929[184].  “Moma Donna cometissa...cum filiis meis, quorum nomina subter exarata fiunt” donated property to the monastery of San Millán de Belbimbre by charter dated 1 Feb 929 (the dating clause stating “regnante...comite Fredinando Gundesalviz in Castella”), witnessed by “Fredinando Gundesalviz, Ramiro Gundesalviz...[185].  He has not been identified in later documents, which suggests that he may have died soon after.  In particular, he is not named in the charter dated 1 Jan 931 under which his mother and brother “Munia dona et filius meus Ferrandus proles Gundesalvi” established the territory of the señorío de Lara[186]

2.         [RODRIGO Fernández (-after 25 Feb 926).  Conde [en Castilla]: Roderico Fredinandiz comite, Nunu Fredinandiz comite, Garseza, Didaco Nebzan, Ruderico Munnioz…” witnessed the charter dated 25 Feb 926, which records the union of the monasteries of Santa María del Campo, San Martín del Rio, Santa Cruz and Santa Coloma, the dating clause of which records "…Comite Nunu Fredinandiz in Castella"[187].] 

3.         NUÑO Fernández (-after 1 May 932).  Conde en Castilla: the dating clause of a charter dated 3 Feb 921, under which “Gundissalbus Didaci comite filius et uxor mea domna Maria” donated “molinis...aqua de Ebeia et de Arlanzon...” to San Pedro de Cardeña, records “...comite Nunu Fernandiz in Castella[188]Conde en Burgos: the dating clause of a charter dated 922, under which “Domna Ositia” sold property to San Pedro de Cardeñas, names "…Comite Domno Nunu in Burgos"[189].  The Cronica de Sampiro names "Nunius Fredenandi, Abolmondar Albus et suus filius Didacus, et Fredenandi Ansuri filius" as those counts who governed "Burgos" and who were captured by King Ordoño II "in riuo…Carrion, loco…Tebulare", dateable to [922/23] from the context of the passage[190].  “Roderico Fredinandiz comite, Nunu Fredinandiz comite, Garseza, Didaco Nebzan, Ruderico Munnioz…” witnessed the charter dated 25 Feb 926, which records the union of the monasteries of Santa María del Campo, San Martín del Rio, Santa Cruz and Santa Coloma, the dating clause of which records "…Comite Nunu Fredinandiz in Castella"[191].  A charter dated 1 May 932 records the judgment in a dispute involving the monastery of Cardeñas, in the presence of “comite Fredinando Gundissalbiz et suo alfieriz Gomiz Didaz et de Nunu Fernandez et de Munio Gundisalbiz et de Fredinando Didaz et de Albaro Munnioz”, the dating clause of which names "…comite Fredinando Gundisalviz in Castella"[192]m ---.  The name of Nuño's wife is not known.  Nuño & his wife had one child:

a)         [193]DIEGO Núñezm ---.  The name of Diego's wife is not known.  Diego & his wife had one child:

i)          [194]FRONILDE Díaz

4.         [FLÁMULA (-after 24 Nov 929).  “Gundissalbo Telliz...cum uxor mea Flamula” donated “serna...in Peternales” to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 24 Sep 902, subscribed by “...Gutterre, Assuri, Beila Nuniz…[195]Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamula” donated its church to “sanctorum Georgii et Sanctii Ihoannis...in supurbio...Cerasio” by charter dated 25 Oct 913[196]Gundissalbo Telliz et uxor mea Flamba” donated “serna...in villa per suos terminos, de una parte flumine Uena...” to San Pedro de Cardeña by charter dated 25 Feb 915[197]Flamula” donated "situm in locum...Karadigna...Peternales iusta atrium Sancta Lucidia" to San Pedro de Cardeña, for the soul of “domno meo Gundissalbo Telliz”, by charter dated 24 Nov 929, the dating clause of which records “...comite Fredinando Assuriz in Castella”, witnessed by “...Sanzio Ennecoz, Munnio Obecoz, Didaco Obecoz...[198].  Her parentage is suggested because her supposed sister-in-law Muniadomna and supposed nephew, Fernando González, confirmed documents of Flámula after the death of her husband[199]m GONZALO Téllez, son of TELLO --- (-[25 Feb 915/24 Nov 929]).  Conde en Lantarón.  Conde en Castilla.]

 

 

 

E.      OTHER CONDES en CASTILLA

 

 

1.         GUNDESINDO (-after 30 Nov 816, bur [San Vicente de Fistoles]).  Conde.  “Gundesindus comes” donated property, including “villa...Erunia cum suo monasterio Sancte Eulalie...villa...Bao et Tulex et...Lencres...”, to the monastery of San Vicente de Fistoles where he wished to be buried by charter dated 30 Nov 816, subscribed by “Silo cognomento Breto...[200]

 

 

1.         ODOARIO (-[after 20 Jan 915]).  Conde [de Castilla y Auca].  The Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition), after quoting Papal correspondence relating to Santiago de Compostela, records a council held in Oviedo dated 7 May 899 in the presence of all the bishops and “Alvarus Lunensis comes, Veremundus Legionensis comes, Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes, Veremundus Torrensis comes, Berotus in Deza comes, Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes, Arias filius eius Eminio comes, Pelagius Breganciæ comes, Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes, Silus Prucii comes, Erus in Lugo comes[201].  The territorial attributions are atypical of contemporary documentation which suggests that the charter is spurious.  However, many of the names are recognizable as noblemen who are recorded at that time in other documents.  “...Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes...” has not otherwise been identified.  ["…Lucidus, Nunus, Didacus, Munius, Sarracenus...Oduarius, Froila, Vimara, Auriolus…" subscribed the charter dated 30 Jan 915 under which Ordoño II King of León donated “villiam...Cornelianam territorio Gallecie” to Santiago de Compostela[202].  It is not certain that “Oduarius” in this subscription list is the same person as the earlier Conde Odoario.] 

 

 

1.         GUTIERRE Núñez (-after 1 Mar 931).  Conde en Burgos.  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Mar 931, under which Barbellas” donated "terra in...Peternales" to San Pedro de Cardeña, records “...comite Guttier Nuniz in Burgos[203]

 

 

 

F.      CONDES de CASTILLA 932-1035

 

 

FERNANDO González, son of GONZALO Fernández Conde de Castilla & his wife Muniadomna --- ([910]-Jun 970, bur Monastery of Arlanza[204])"Momadonna cometessa" donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Lara, confirmed by her sons "Fredinando Gundisalviz, Ramiro Gundisalviz", by charter dated 28 Jan 929[205].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter of his grandson Sancho García Conde de Castilla in which the latter names his paternal ancestors as far back as Munio Núñez & his wife Argila[206].  A legend of his kidnap as a young child is commemorated in the 13th century "Poema de Fernán González"[207]Conde de Castilla.  “Moma Donna cometissa...cum filiis meis, quorum nomina subter exarata fiunt” donated property to the monastery of San Millán de Belbimbre by charter dated 1 Feb 929 (the dating clause stating “regnante...comite Fredinando Gundesalviz in Castella”), witnessed by “Fredinando Gundesalviz, Ramiro Gundesalviz...[208].  "Comes Ferdinandus Gundisalui et uxor mea Sancia" donated property to the monastery of San Quirice de los Ausines by charter dated 30 Apr 929 [must be misdated considering the date of death of Sancha´s second husband][209].  A charter dated 1 May 932 records the judgment in a dispute involving the monastery of Cardeñas, in the presence of “comite Fredinando Gundissalbiz et suo alfieriz Gomiz Didaz et de Nunu Fernandez et de Munio Gundisalbiz et de Fredinando Didaz et de Albaro Munnioz”, the dating clause of which names "…comite Fredinando Gundisalviz in Castella"[210]Mumadomna cometissa...cum filio meo Fredinando Gundissalbiz...comes et uxor sua domna Sancia seu neptis meis Gundissalbo Fernandiz vel Sanzio Fernandiz” donated “locum...Balzaramio...to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 5 Aug 935, witnessed by "Abolmondar Sarraziniz, Munnio Bellitiz, Muza iben Galeph, Beila Telliz..."[211]During his rule, he united the territory of Castile into a single county, incorporating in particular Lantarón in 935, Cerezo and Grañón in 936[212].  The dating clause of a charter dated 18 Feb 935, under which “Gutier” sold “vinea in Liciniana” to the bishop of Valpuesta, records “regnante domino Ranemiri et comite Fredenando Gundesalbiz in Lantarone[213].  Following the humiliating peace imposed on the kingdom of Navarre by Abd al-Rahman III Caliph of Córdoba in 934, the Caliph invaded Castile, sacking Burgos and destroying the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña before moving into the territory of León[214].  However, Conde Fernando allied himself with Ramiro II King of León and Queen Toda regent of Navarre, their combined forces defeating the Caliph's troops at Alhandega/al-Khandaq, near Simancas in 939.  "Fredinando Gondissalvez tocius Castelle comes" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 938, confirmed by "Gondissalvo Fredinandez, Sancio Fredinandez…"[215].  Conde Fernando exploited this victory by recapturing Sepúlveda in 940[216].  “Comes Fredinandus Gundisalviz cum uxore mea Sanzia comitissa et cum filiis meis Gundisalvus Fredinandi et Garsea Fredinandi et Sancio Fredinandi et Munio Fredinandi et domna Fronilde” donated the monastery of San Miguel de Javilla to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 941, witnessed by “Sarracenus, Bermudo Fannez, Gundisalvo de Aza...[217]The Cronica de Sampiro records that "Fredenandus Gundissalui et Didacus Munionis" rebelled against King Ramiro II, who captured them and imprisoned them "unum in Legione, alterum in Gordone"[218], dated to [943/44] by Torres[219], although their imprisonment was short-lived.  "Fredinando comes…cum uxore mea…Sancia cometissa" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 944, confirmed by "…Gundissalvo Fernandez, Sancio Fernandez, Garcia Fernandez…"[220].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "Fredenandus Gundesalviz"[221].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Fernando Gudisalviz, Gundisalvo Fredenandi…"[222].  “...Ansur Fredenandiz, Fredenando Gontesalviz...” confirmed the charter dated 24 Sep 946 under which King Ramiro II donated "villa...Perales et Volpiare et Villa Rezmiro secundum obtinuit illas Gundisalbo Moniz" to Vega[223].  The Cronica de Sampiro records that "avunculo suo…Garsiano rege Pampilonensium, necnon Fredenandus Gundissalui Burgensium comes" helped Sancho in his rebellion against Ordoño III King of León[224].  Conde in Álava: the dating clause of a charter dated to [952], under which “Tellu presbiter” donated half his property to Valpuesta, records “regnante...comite Fredenando Gondesalbiz in Alaba et in Castella[225].  Caliph Abd al-Rahman's troops launched further raids against Galicia and Castile between 953 and 955, but were defeated by Conde Fernando near San Esteban de Gormaz in 955[226].  Conde Fernando became embroiled in the civil war in León, supporting in turn King Sancho I and later his son-in-law King Ordoño IV, but was captured by troops from Navarre at Nájera in 960[227].  After being released by Urraca de Navarra, whom he married, he formed an alliance with Navarre and Barcelona against Caliph Al-Hakam II.  The alliance was unsuccessful and Conde Fernando lost San Esteban de Gormaz and Atienza to the Caliph's troops[228].  Although Castile was considerably weakened by Muslim attacks during the last years of his rule, Conde Fernando had been a dynamic leader who established the full autonomy of the county of Castile, and competently defended it against Muslim incursions.  His exploits are commemorated in vernacular Castilian romances[229].  "Fredinando Gundissalviz comite…cum filio eius Munio Fredinandiz" confirmed a donation of property at Montorio to the monastery of San Adrian y San Miguel Arcangel by charter dated 6 May 968[230].  The Chronicon Burgense records the death in 970 of “comes Fernandus Gundisalvi[231]

m firstly ([932]) as her third husband, SANCHA Sánchez de Navarra, widow firstly of ORDOÑO II King of León and secondly of ÁLVARO Herrámeliz Conde en Álava, daughter of SANCHO I Garces King of Navarre & his second wife Toda Aznárez de Larraún (after 900-[9 Jun 952/29 Nov 955]).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsea rex et domna Onneca et domna Sanzia et domna Urraca…domna Belasquita, necnon et domna Orbita" as the children of "Sanzio Garseanis" and his wife "Tota Asnari", stating that Sancha married "Ordonii imperatoris, postea…Albaro Harramelliz de Alaba, demumque…Fredenando comitis"[232].  "Fredenando Gundisalviz et uxor mea Sancia" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 3 Jun 919 (although this must be misdated), confirmed by "Munio Didace, Sarracine Scemonoz, Garcie Bençemaloçe, Frande Arguisso, Garcie Alvarez"[233].  "Comes Ferdinandus Gundisalui et uxor mea Sancia" donated property to the monastery of San Quirice de los Ausines by charter dated 30 Apr 929 [must be misdated considering the date of death of Sancha´s second husband][234]Mumadomna cometissa...cum filio meo Fredinando Gundissalbiz...comes et uxor sua domna Sancia seu neptis meis Gundissalbo Fernandiz vel Sanzio Fernandiz” donated “locum...Balzaramio...to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 5 Aug 935[235]Comes Fredinandus Gundisalviz cum uxore mea Sanzia comitissa et cum filiis meis Gundisalvus Fredinandi et Garsea Fredinandi et Sancio Fredinandi et Munio Fredinandi et domna Fronilde” donated the monastery of San Miguel de Javilla to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 941[236]"Fredinando comes…cum uxore mea…Sancia cometissa" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 944, confirmed by "…Gundissalvo Fernandez, Sancio Fernandez, Garcia Fernandez…"[237]

m secondly (before 29 Nov [955]) as her first husband, URRACA, daughter of --- (-12 Jul 1041).  "Comite Fredinando Gondessalvez et cometessa domna Urraca" are named as present in a charter dated 29 Nov [955] which relates a dispute about exemptions and fines[238].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[239], she was Urraca de Navarra, daughter of García III Sánchez King of Navarre & [his second wife Teresa ---], but the primary source which confirms that this is right has not yet been identified.  Del Pino assumes that this parentage is correct when he records that Urraca took the initiative to free Fernando González Conde de Castilla, captured by the forces of King García III in 960, married him and escaped to Burgos[240].  She is not named in any of the documents in the compilation relating to the county of Castile[241].  "Willelmus Sancius comes et dominus totius Vasconie, cum Urraca sua muliere" donated the church of Sainte-Susanne to the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde by undated charter[242].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[243], she married secondly (after 14 Jul 972) Guillaume Sánchez Comte de Gascogne.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified either, although the charter dated 992 under which Sancho King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla is signed, among others, by "…Sancio filius Gogelmi comitis…" (apparently Urraca's son by this second marriage)[244], King Sancho being the brother of Urraca de Navarra.  "Willelmus Sancius comes et dominus totius Vasconie, cum Urraca sua muliere" donated the church of Sainte-Susanne to the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde by undated charter[245].  "Willelmus Sancius comes et dominus totius Vasconie, cum Urraca sua muliere" donated the church of Sainte-Susanne to the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde by undated charter[246].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis" donated property to the convent of Condom, for the souls of "meorumque parentum, item Garsiæ-Sanctii Comitis et filii sui Sanctii-Garsiæ Comitis, et Guillermi-Sanctii Comitis et Gimbaldi Episcopi, et Guillelmi Comitis, et Garsiæ Comitis, et Bernardi-Guillelmi Comitis, et Urachæ Comitissæ"[247].  She died before 3 Apr [1009], the date of the charter under which her son "Bernardus Willelmus comes…cum germano meo Sancio" confirmed, "annuente beatæ memoriæ matre mea Urraca", the foundation of Saint-Sever by "genitor meus Willelmus Sancio comes", this wording suggesting that Urraca died only shortly before the confirmation especially as the document is purportedly signed by "Urracæ comitissæ"[248].  The necrology of Saint-Sever records the death "IV Id Jul…1041" of "Urraca comitissa"[249].  However, either the year is incorrect or this entry refers to another "Urraca comitissa".  Even without the evidence of the 3 Apr [1009] charter, Urraca would have been well over 90 years in 1041 if this entry refers to the wife of Guillaume Sancho.

Conde Fernando & his first wife had seven children: 

1.         GONZALO Fernández (before 934-after 10 Dec 959)Mumadomna cometissa...cum filio meo Fredinando Gundissalbiz...comes et uxor sua domna Sancia seu neptis meis Gundissalbo Fernandiz vel Sanzio Fernandiz” donated “locum...Balzaramio...to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 5 Aug 935[250]"Fredinando Gondissalvez tocius Castelle comes" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 938, confirmed by "Gondissalvo Fredinandez, Sancio Fredinandez…"[251].  “Comes Fredinandus Gundisalviz cum uxore mea Sanzia comitissa et cum filiis meis Gundisalvus Fredinandi et Garsea Fredinandi et Sancio Fredinandi et Munio Fredinandi et domna Fronilde” donated the monastery of San Miguel de Javilla to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 941[252]"Fredinando comes, Sancia comitisa" and their sons "Gundesalvus, Sancius, Munnio" confirmed a charter dated 23 Dec 941 relating to a dispute concerning property of the monastery of Cardeñas[253].  "Fredinando comes…cum uxore mea…Sancia cometissa" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 944, confirmed by "…Gundissalvo Fernandez, Sancio Fernandez, Garcia Fernandez…"[254].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Fernando Gudisalviz, Gundisalvo Fredenandi…"[255].  Conde de Castilla, during the lifetime of his father whom he predeceased.  “Gundissalbo Fredinandiz et uxor mea Fronildi” donated “ratione propria ion pozo de domna Gutina...abemus ex profiliatone mater nostra domna Eldoara iam supra dictato San Pedro de Cardeñas, for the soul of “domna Aldoara”, by charter dated 29 Jun 959[256]m (before 29 Jun 959) FRONILDE Gómez, daughter of conde GÓMEZ Díaz & his wife Elduara --- (-3 Nov 1009).  “Gundissalbo Fredinandiz et uxor mea Fronildi” donated “ratione propria ion pozo de domna Gutina...abemus ex profiliatone mater nostra domna Eldoara iam supra dictato San Pedro de Cardeñas, for the soul of “domna Aldoara”, by charter dated 29 Jun 959[257]Fronildi Christique famula” donated “vinea in aditos de Kauiato San Pedro de Cardeñas, for the souls of “domno meo Gundissalbo Fernandiz simulque comes seu et Sancio filio meo”, by charter dated 6 Feb 984[258]She became a nun at Sigüenza.  Gonzalo & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO (-before 6 Feb 984).  “Fronildi Christique famula” donated “vinea in aditos de Kauiato San Pedro de Cardeñas, for the souls of “domno meo Gundissalbo Fernandiz simulque comes seu et Sancio filio meo”, by charter dated 6 Feb 984[259]

2.         SANCHO Fernández (before 1 Aug 935-after Aug 956).  Mumadomna cometissa...cum filio meo Fredinando Gundissalbiz...comes et uxor sua domna Sancia seu neptis meis Gundissalbo Fernandiz vel Sanzio Fernandiz” donated “locum...Balzaramio...to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 5 Aug 935[260]"Fredinando Gondissalvez tocius Castelle comes" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 938, confirmed by "Gondissalvo Fredinandez, Sancio Fredinandez…"[261].  “Comes Fredinandus Gundisalviz cum uxore mea Sanzia comitissa et cum filiis meis Gundisalvus Fredinandi et Garsea Fredinandi et Sancio Fredinandi et Munio Fredinandi et domna Fronilde” donated the monastery of San Miguel de Javilla to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 941[262].  "Fredinando comes, Sancia comitisa" and their sons "Gundesalvus, Sancius, Munnio" confirmed a charter dated 23 Dec 941 relating to a dispute concerning property of the monastery of Cardeñas[263].  "Fredinando comes…cum uxore mea…Sancia cometissa" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 944, confirmed by "…Gundissalvo Fernandez, Sancio Fernandez, Garcia Fernandez…"[264].  Conde de Álava.  He is named with his sister Queen Urraca in Aug 956 at the court of León[265]

3.         MUNIO Fernández (before 23 Dec 941-after 6 May 968).  “Comes Fredinandus Gundisalviz cum uxore mea Sancia comitisa et cum filiis meis Gundisalvus Fredinandi et Garsea Fredinandi et Sancio Fredinandi et Munio Fredinandi et Domna Fronilde” donated the monastery of San Miguel de Xavilla to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 941, witnessed by "Sarracenus, Bermudo Fannez, Gundisalvo de Aza"[266].  "Fredinando comes, Sancia comitisa" and their sons "Gundesalvus, Sancius, Munnio" confirmed a charter dated 23 Dec 941 relating to a dispute concerning property of the monastery of Cardeñas[267].  A monk at Cardeña from 945[268].  "Fredinando Gundissalviz comite…cum filio eius Munio Fredinandiz" confirmed a donation of property at Montorio to the monastery of San Adrian y San Miguel Arcangel by charter dated 6 May 968[269]

4.         GARCÍA Fernández (-[Córdoba] 1 Aug or [29/30] Dec 995, bur Tres Santos, Córdoba, later moved to San Pedro de Cardeñas).  "Fredinando comes…cum uxore mea…Sancia cometissa" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 944, confirmed by "…Gundissalvo Fernandez, Sancio Fernandez, Garcia Fernandez…"[270].  He succeeded his father in 970 as Conde de Castilla

-        see below

5.         FRONILDE Fernández (-after 1014).  “Comes Fredinandus Gundisalviz cum uxore mea Sanzia comitissa et cum filiis meis Gundisalvus Fredinandi et Garsea Fredinandi et Sancio Fredinandi et Munio Fredinandi et domna Fronilde” donated the monastery of San Miguel de Javilla to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 941[271]"Garcia Fredinandiz, Aua comitisa" donated property to the monastery of Cardeñas by charter dated 11 Jul 972, subscribed by "Sancius prolis illorum, Domna Fronilde…"[272].  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978, confirmed by "…Tota comitissa, Fronilde comitissa…"[273].  "Garcia Fernandiz comes, Aba cometissa" donated property to the church of Santa Juliana by charter dated 5 May 987, confirmed by "Domna Fronildi, Domna Otrocia…"[274].  "Sancius comes, mea tia domina Fronilde" confirmed property rights by charter dated 1014[275]m RODANO [276][Díaz, son of DIEGO Rodaniz & his wife ---].  Conde in Asturias de Santillana[277].  

6.         MUNIADOMNA Fernández (-before 1015)A charter of Sahagún dated 1036 records that, after the death of "Comes Fredenandus Gundisalviz Duc Kastelle", "filia sua…Domna Mumadona comitissa" married "virum…comite Gomez Didaz"[278]m (after Jun 970) GÓMEZ Díaz, son of DIEGO Muñoz Conde de Saldaña & his wife Tegridia --- (-after 986).  Conde de Saldaña from [959]. 

7.         URRACA Fernández (-after 1007)The Cronica de Sampiro, as reproduced in the Historia Silense, records the marriage of "Ordonius filius regis" and "filiam Fredenandi…Urracam", from the context dated to the reconciliation of King Ramiro II and Conde Fernando after the latter's rebellion[279], which is dated to [943/44] by Torres[280].  “Ordonius…in Regno…cum conjuge Urraca Regina” donated property to the church of Santiago by charter “XV Kal Iun” dated to 952[281]Pérez de Urbel records that Urraca was not named with her first husband in charters dated 5 Dec 952 and 11 Jul 953, but is named with him in charters dated 8 Jun 954, 15 Jun 954, 12 Oct 954, 10 Mar 955, 15 Apr 955, 11 May 956, 13 May 956 and 30 Aug 956[282]Her second marriage is confirmed by the Cronica de Sampiro, as reproduced in the Historia Silense, which records that "Ordonium…Adefonsy regis filium" married "Ferdinando Burgensium comitte…filiam suam…relictam ab Ordonio Ramiri filio"[283].  The Codex de Roda records the marriage of "regem Sanctium" and "Urracam, filiam comitis Sanctii de Castella"[284], although it is chronologically more acceptable that Urraca was the daughter of Conde Fernando, which is confirmed by the charter dated 29 Jun 971 under which "Endregoto Galindonis et prole eius Sancio Garseanis rex et uxor eius Urraca Fredenandizi" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa[285].  The Chronicon Burgense also states incorrectly that King Sancho was “gener comitis Sancii[286].  "Hordonius…cum coniuge mea Urracha" donated property to Santiago by charter dated 18 Nov 958, subscribed by "Froila confesor et filius Adephonsi regis…"[287].  "Sancius rex et Urraka regina…cum germanis nostris Ranimiro et Eximino" confirmed a prior donation to San Pedro de Siresa by "genitor noster Garsea rex" by charter dated 15 Feb 979, confirmed by "Eximino Sancionis, Garsea Furtunionis, Belasco Lihoriz"[288].  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978, confirmed by "…Sancio rex, Urraka regina, rege Scemeno…"[289].  "Garsea rex et uxor mea Eximina, cum domna Urracha regina" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by charter dated to [995/1004][290].  She became a nun after the death of her third husband.  m firstly ([944 or after] [repudiated [952/53], reconciled before 8 Jun 954]) ORDOÑO de León, son of RAMIRO II King of León & his first wife Adosinda Gutiérrez ([926]-[30 Aug/13 Nov] 956).  He succeeded his father in 951 as ORDOÑO III King of Leónm secondly (before 13 Nov 958) ORDOÑO IV "el Malo" King of León, son of ALFONSO IV "el Monje" King of León & his wife Oneca Sánchez de Navarra ([926]-962).  m thirdly ([962]) SANCHO Abarca de Navarra, son of GARCÍA III Sánchez King of Navarre & his first wife Andregota Galíndez (after 935-Dec 994).  He succeeded his father in 970 as SANCHO II Garcés Abarca King of Navarre

Conde Fernando & his second wife had [two children]: 

8.         [TODA Fernández .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.] 

9.         [PEDRO Fernández .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.]  m ---.  The name of Pedro's wife is not known.  Pedro & his wife had four children: 

a)         FERNANDO Pérez .  He confirmed the [1017/4 Apr 1027] document of Conde García García to the monastery of San Juliano[291]

b)         SALVADOR Pérez .  Conde.

c)         GONZALO Pérez

d)         RODRIGO Pérez

 

 

GARCÍA Fernández de Castilla, son of FERNANDO González Conde de Castilla & his first wife Sancha Sánchez de Navarra (-[Córdoba] 1 Aug or [29/30] Dec 995, bur Tres Santos, Córdoba, later moved to San Pedro de Cardeñas).  “Comes Fredinandus Gundisalviz cum uxore mea Sanzia comitissa et cum filiis meis Gundisalvus Fredinandi et Garsea Fredinandi et Sancio Fredinandi et Munio Fredinandi et domna Fronilde” donated the monastery of San Miguel de Javilla to San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 941[292].  "Fredinando comes…cum uxore mea…Sancia cometissa" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 944, confirmed by "…Gundissalvo Fernandez, Sancio Fernandez, Garcia Fernandez…"[293].  He succeeded his father in 970 as Conde de Castilla.  He inherited a county considerably weakened by Muslim attacks during the last years of his father's rule, and on his accession accepted the suzerainty of Caliph al-Hakam II.  A charter dated 7 Sep 972 records the exchange of Covarrubias between the abbot of Infantado de Covarrubias and "domno Garsea comite sive domna Ava cometissa et filiis adque filiabus vestris"[294].  In 974, Conde García captured Deza.  "Garssia Ferdinandi…comes et imperator Castelle…cum uxore mea Abba comitisse" granted fuero to Castrojeriz by charter dated 8 Mar 974, subscribed by "Sanctio filio nostra, Urraca filia nostra…"[295].  His success was short-lived as he unsuccessfully besieged Gormaz in Apr 975 and was defeated at Langa on the banks of the River Duero[296].  Conde García allied himself with Ghalib bin Abd al-Rahman, who had been Caliph al-Hakam II's trusted general, and opposed the rise to power of Muhammad bin Abi Amir "al-Mansur/the Victorious" after the accession of al-Hakam's son Caliph Hisham in 976.  However, al-Mansur led several successful campaigns against Castile which was further weakened during the last years of the rule of Conde García, whose son eventually rebelled against him[297].  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978, confirmed by "Sancio Garsea, Gundisalbo Garsea…Sancio rex, Urraka regina, rege Scemeno, Fortuni Garsea, Didago Aznariz, Tellu Gundisalbiz, Sancio Ennegonis, Tota comitissa, Fronilde comitissa…"[298].  The Annales Complutense record that “Sancius Garsia” rebelled against “patrem suum comitem Garsia Fernandez” in 990[299].  "Garcia…comes" confirmed a donation to the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso by charter dated 979, confirmed by "…Gundessalvo Fredinandez, Gundissalvo Arderiz…Hani Godestioz, Didaco Fredinandez, Alvaro Sarrazinez, Didaco Scemenoz, Gotier Gomiz"[300].  The Chronicon Burgense records that “comes Garsea Ferdinandi” was captured and wounded “VIII Kal Jan” in 995 “in ripa de Dorio”, died five days later while being taken to Córdoba, and was buried “ad Caradignam[301].  The Annales Complutense record the death “Kal Aug” in 995 of “Conde Garci Fernandez” after being captured by the Moors[302]

m ([958/61]) AVA de Ribagorza, daughter of RAIMUNDO [II] Conde de Ribagorza & his wife Gersende de Fezensac (-after 995, bur San Pedro de Cardeña).  The Codex de Roda names "Regemundo ac domno Galindo seu domna Aba" as the children of "Uernardus" and his wife[303].  The end 13th century “Crònica d´Alaó Renovada” records that “Ova filia Regimundi” married “comitis Sanctii de Castella” (error for García)[304].  "Garcia comes" and his wife "Ava" donated property to the monastery of Arlanza by charter dated 12 Jul 970[305].  "Garsea Ferrandiz comite…cum coniuge mea Ava comitissa" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 26 Apr 971[306].  A charter dated 7 Sep 972 records the exchange of Covarrubias between the abbot of Infantado de Covarrubias and "domno Garsea comite sive domna Ava cometissa et filiis adque filiabus vestris"[307].  "Garssia Ferdinandi…comes et imperator Castelle…cum uxore mea Abba comitisse" granted fuero to Castrojeriz by charter dated 8 Mar 974, subscribed by "Sanctio filio nostra, Urraca filia nostra…"[308].  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978[309].  According to popular legend, she fomented revolt against her husband and even offered her hand in marriage to a Muslim in exchange for killing Count García, but the historical accuracy of this is doubtful[310]

Conde García & his wife had [seven] children: 

1.         [MAYOR (-after [early 1035]).  A charter of Santa Maria de Gerri dated Apr 18 names "Raimundi Suniarii comtis et uxor mea comitissa…Maior"[311].  Her parentage is stated in the end 13th century “Crònica d´Alaó Renovada” which records that, after the death of “Guillelmum Ysarni, quem genuerat Ysarnus prefatus ex concubina”, Ribagorza was inherited by “rex Sancius...jure propinquitatis”, explained because “Major comitissa soror comitis Sancii de Castella” married “comitis Paliarensis Raimundi Suniarii” and remained in Ribagorza after their marriage was ended “consanguinitatis causa”, and because “rex Sancius Pampilonensis” married “filiam predicti comitis Sancii de Castella...Majorem[312].  However, this appears doubtful.  If she was Conde García's daughter, it is surprising that she did not witness the 8 Mar 974 agreement under which her supposed sister Urraca was consecrated to the monastery of Covarrubias.  In addition, the considerable age difference between her and her supposed husband (if, as stated in Europäische Stammtafeln[313], his mother's first husband died before 994) seems unlikely.  A more likely possibility is that Mayor was the daughter, not sister, of Sancho Conde de Castilla.  After her repudiation, she returned to Castile where she is recorded in 1028 as abbess of the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso and in early 1035 with Sancho III King of Navarre[314]m (repudiated [1026/27]) as his first wife, RAIMUNDO [III] de Pallars, son of SUNYER [I] Conde de Paillars & his first wife Ermengarde [de Rouergue] ([995/1000]-after 1047).  He succeeded his father in 1010 as Conde de Pallars.] 

2.         SANCHO García ([965]-5 Feb 1017, bur San Salvador de Oña)"Garcia Fredinandiz, Aua comitisa" donated property to the monastery of Cardeñas by charter dated 11 Jul 972, subscribed by "Sancius prolis illorum, Domna Fronilde…"[315].  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978, confirmed by "Sancio Garsea, Gundisalbo Garsea…"[316].  He succeeded his father in 995 as Conde de Castilla

-        see below

3.         URRACA García (-after 1 Jan 1038).  "Garssia Ferdinandi…comes et imperator Castelle…cum uxore mea Abba comitisse" granted fuero to Castrojeriz by charter dated 8 Mar 974, subscribed by "Sanctio filio nostra, Urraca filia nostra…"[317].  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978[318].  "Sancio comite et Urraca cometissa soror mea" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1003[319].  "Garseani Sanctionis filios" confirmed donations to "domina Urraze" made by "comitatum Garsea Fernandus cum Ava comitissa vel parentes eorum Fredenandus Gundesalvus cum comitissa Domina Sanzia et nepotibus suis Sanzio Garseam comes cum comitissa Urraze…cum principe Sanzioni et regine Urraze Panpilonie" by charter dated 5 Apr 1024[320]

4.         GONZALO García (-after [27 Feb 1011]).  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978, confirmed by "Sancio Garsea, Gundisalbo Garsea…"[321].  "Gonzalo García" also witnessed the 12 Feb 1011 document founding the monastery of San Salvador de Oña and the 27 Feb 1011 sale of the Villa of Oca[322], but it is not known whether this was the same person. 

-        CASTILE NOBILITY

5.         ELVIRA García (-Dec 1017).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Elvira" as the second legitimate wife of King Vermudo[323].  Her parentage is confirmed by Ibn-Khaldun who records King Alfonso V as "petit-fils par sa mère du seigneur d´Alava Garcia Fernandez"[324].  Regent of León 999-1007.  "Geluira Regina…cum filio meo Adefonso Rex" donated property "ad villam de Paramo" to the church of León by charter dated 12 Nov 1000 which she signed "Gelvira Regina prolis Garseani et Avæ"[325].  "Giloira regina" confirmed the donation of serfs "in valle Castelle" made by "vir meus domnus Veremudus rex", for the soul of "filii mei regis dni Adefonsi", by charter dated 8 Jul 1001[326].  She became a nun in 1007.  "Geloira regina" donated property to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 18 Aug 1017, subscribed by "Adefonsus princeps, Sancia proles Ueremudi, Tarasia proles Ueremudi, Geloira proles Ueremudi…"[327]m ([26/30] Nov 991) as his second wife, VERMUDO II "el Gotoso" King of León, [illegitimate] son of ORDOÑO III King of León & [his wife Urraca Fernández de Castilla] or [his mistress --- Peláez] ([953]-El Bierzo Sep 999, bur Villabuena, later transferred to León). 

6.         TODA García (-after 1031).  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978, confirmed by "…Tota comitissa, Fronilde comitissa…"[328].  "Domna Toda comitissa…filia quondam genitoris mei Garsea Fredenandiz et matris mea Domna Ava" donated the monastery of San Pelayo de Nabeda to Sahagún by charter dated 1031, subscribed by "Gundisalbo Petriz, Gundisalbo Monniuz"[329]m SANCHO Gómez de Saldaña, son of GÓMEZ Díaz de Saldaña & his wife Muniadomna Fernández de Castilla (-executed Guadalmellato 1009). 

7.         ONECA García .  Her marriage was arranged by her brother Conde Sancho to placate al-Mansur[330]Argaiz states that “la Infanta D. Oñeca, hija del Conde Garci Fernández, y hermana del Conde Don Sancho García” was a nun at San Juan de Cillaperlata and afterwards was “abadesa primera de Oña[331]Martínez Díez indicates that the primary sources which confirm this information no longer survive[332].  Abbess of San Salvador de Oña 1045.  m (995) polygamously, MUHAMMAD bin Abi Amir "al-Mansur/the Victorious" Regent of Córdoba (-10 Aug 1002). 

 

 

SANCHO García de Castilla, son of GARCÍA Fernández Conde de Castilla & his wife Ava --- ([965]-5 Feb 1017, bur San Salvador de Oña)"Garcia Fredinandiz, Aua comitisa" donated property to the monastery of Cardeñas by charter dated 11 Jul 972, subscribed by "Sancius prolis illorum, Domna Fronilde…"[333].  "Garssia Ferdinandi…comes et imperator Castelle…cum uxore mea Abba comitisse" granted fuero to Castrojeriz by charter dated 8 Mar 974, subscribed by "Sanctio filio nostra, Urraca filia nostra…"[334].  "Garsias Ferdinandez…cum coniuge mea Ava comitisa" founded the monastery of Infantado de Covarrubias, offering "filiam…nostram Urracam" as a nun there, by charter dated 25 Dec 978, confirmed by "Sancio Garsea, Gundisalbo Garsea…"[335].  He rebelled against his father in 990, supported by Ibn Abu Amir[336], effectively dividing Castile into two parts.  The Annales Complutense record that “Sancius Garsia” rebelled against “patrem suum comitem Garsia Fernandez” in 990[337].  He succeeded in 995 as Conde de Castilla.  Ibn-Khaldun states that Alfonso V King of León succeeded under the regency of "le comte de Galice Menendo Gonzalez" but that this was disputed by "Sancho fils de Garcia, l´oncle maternel d´Alphonse", the dispute being arbitrated by "Abdalmelic fils d´Almanzor" who ordered "au juge des chrétiens [de Cordoue] Açbagh ibn --- de décider…[et il] prononça en faveur de Menendo Gonzalez"[338].  "Sancio comite et Urraca cometissa soror mea" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1003, signed by "…Fernando Beilaz, Oveco Alvarez, Beila Alvaroz, senior Assur Nunniz dominate Ponticurbo, Alvaro Gomiz, Tellu Didaz, Beila Gutier"[339].  He allied himself with the Berbers in 1009 to fight and depose Caliph Muhammad.  The Chronicon Burgense records that “comes Sancius” destroyed Córdoba in 1009[340].  He was given a formal reception in Córdoba by the new Caliph Sulayman, and received strategic castles as his reward.  Ibn-Khaldun records that "le seigneur d´Alava Sancho, fils de Garcia" was killed "par le roi des Basques" in [21 Jun 1015/9 Jun 1016][341].  The Chronicon Burgense records the death in 1017 of “comes Sancius[342]

m ([985/95]) URRACA, daughter of (-[murdered Covarrubias] after 21 Dec 1037).  "Sancius comes cum coniuge mea Urracha" offered "filiam nostram Tegridiam" to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 12 Feb 1011[343].  Her parentage is not known.  Salazar y Acha suggests that she was Urraca Gómez, daughter of conde Gómez Díaz de Saldaña & his wife Muniadomna Fernández de Castilla[344].  He bases this especially on the introduction of the name Tegridia into the family of the condes de Castilla, the name of the mother of conde Gómez Díaz.  Regent of the county of Castile during the minority of her son.  The Annales Complutense record that “comitissam Urracam” was killed (by Muslims) “in Covas Rubias” in “Era 978 (940)”[345].  The date is clearly incorrect if this entry refers to the widow of Conde Sancho but it is possible that it is misplaced by a century.  The Anales Toledanos record that “la Condesa Doña Urraca” was killed “en Cuevarrubias” in 1038[346]

Conde Sancho & his wife had five children: 

1.         MUNIA Mayor de Castilla ([990/95]-after 13 Jul 1066).  The Crónica Latina records that “la huerfana doña Mayor, hija del…conde Sancho” married “al rey de Navarra y Nájera Sancho, nieto de Sancho Abarca[347]She and her husband confirmed the rights of the Abbey of San Millán 24 Jun 1011[348].  "Sancius…rex" recommended the rule of St Benedict to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 21 Oct 1022, subscribed by "Eximina regina mater regis, Regina domna Muma, Garsia et Ranimirus, Gundesalbus et Fernandus"[349].  "Sancius rex et uxor mea Muma dompna regina" donated property to the monastery of Yarte y Anoz by charter dated 17 May 1024[350].  She succeeded her brother in 1029 as Condesa de Castilla.  "Domna Major regina" confirmed a charter of "Sancius Hispaniarum rex" dated 26 Jun 1033 which related to concessions to the monastery of Oriense[351].  "Sancius…rex…cum coniuge mea regina domina Maiora" donated the monastery of San Sebastian to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 17 Apr 1014, redated to [1030][352].  She became a nun after her the death of her husband.  She founded the monastery of San Martín de Fromista 13 Jul 1066, the document naming her father but not her husband[353].  The testament of "Maior regina Christi ancilla", in which she requests burial in the monastery of San Martín de Frómista, is dated 13 Jun 1066[354]m (before 27 Jun 1011) SANCHO III “el Mayor” King of Navarre, son of GARCÍA IV Sánchez "el Tremulo" King of Navarre & his wife Jimena Fernández ([990/92]-murdered 18 Oct 1035).  He claimed the county of Castile in his wife's name after the murder of her brother conde García Sánchez in 1029, incorporated the whole of Castile into his kingdom, and installed his second son Fernando as Conde de Castilla.  Children: 

a)         FERNANDO de Navarra ([1016/18]-27 Dec 1065).  His father installed him as Conde de Castilla in 1029 in succession to his maternal uncle.  Under the division of territories organised by his father prior to his death, he received Castile, succeeding in 1035 as FERNANDO I "el Magno" King of Castile

-        see Chapter 2.  KINGS of CASTILE and LEON 1035-1217

b)         other children: see NAVARRE

2.         FERNANDO Sánchez ([995/97]-before 2 Mar 999, bur San Pedro de Carvatos).  "Sanctius Garcia comes Castellanensis cum uxore mea Urraca" donated property, for the soul of “filio nostro Fernando”, to San Pedro de Carvatos where he was buried by charter dated 2 Mar 999[355]

3.         TIGRIDIA Sánchez de Castilla ([998]-after 1029).  "Sancius comes cum coniuge mea Urracha" offered "filiam nostram Tegridiam" to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 12 Feb 1011[356].  Abbess of San Salvador de Oña 1011-1029, founded by her parents[357].

4.         SANCHA Sánchez de Castilla ([1006/07][358]-26 June 1026, bur Santa Maria de Ripoll)She is named "Sancha daughter of the deceased Conde Sancho", assumed to be Sancho García Conde de Castilla, in her husband's 1025 charter[359]m (betrothed 1016, Zaragoza 1021[360]) as his first wife, BERENGUER RAMÓN [I] Conde de Barcelona, “el Curvo” son of RAMÓN BORRELL [I] Conde de Barcelona & his wife Ermesinde de Carcassonne (-26 May 1035, bur Santa Maria de Ripoll).

5.         GARCÍA Sánchez de Castilla ([Nov] 1009-murdered León 13 May 1029, bur San Salvador de Oña)The Chronicon Burgense records the birth in 1009 of “Infans Garsea[361].  The Annales Complutense record the birth in Nov 1013 of “Infans eius [Sancii Garsia] filius…Garsia Sanchez[362], although many of the dates in this source are inaccurate.  He succeeded his father in 1017 as Conde de Castilla, under the regency of his mother until 1025.  “Garseani comiti” donated property “in territorio de Campo iuxta flumine Ibrio” to Santillana del Mar, for the souls of “parentum meorum Sancioni comite et Urracha comitissa”, by charter dated 7 Apr [1018/28][363]"Garseani Sanctionis filios" confirmed donations to "domina Urraze" made by "comitatum Garsea Fernandus cum Ava comitissa vel parentes eorum Fredenandus Gundesalvus cum comitissa Domina Sanzia et nepotibus suis Sanzio Garseam comes cum comitissa Urraze…cum principe Sanzioni et regine Urraze Panpilonie" by charter dated 5 Apr 1024[364]"Garsea comes" donated property "in Villa" to the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 23 Oct 1024[365].  The Chronicon Burgense records that “Infans Garsea” was killed in León in 1028[366].  The Annales Complutense record the death in 1026 of “Comes Garsia[367], although many of the dates in this source are inaccurate.  Salazar Acha recounts[368] the legend that a "conde Vela" was expelled by Fernán González Conde de Castilla, took refuge in León, and that his three sons were the murderers of Conde García II on the latter's arrival in León for his marriage, but emphasises that the story is first related in the 13th century Chronicon Mundi of Lucas de Tuy and the subsequent work of Archbishop Rodrigo Ximénez de Rada[369].  On the death of conde García, his sister succeeded as de iure Condesa de Castilla, but her husband claimed the county in her name and installed their son Fernando as Conde de Castilla.  Betrothed ([Jan/May] 1029) to SANCHA de León, daughter of ALFONSO V King of León & his first wife Elvira Menéndez (1013-7 Nov 1067, bur León).  She later married the nephew of her betrothed, Fernando de Navarra Conde de Castilla, who succeeded as Fernando I "el Magno" King of Castile in 1035. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    KINGS of CASTILE & LEON 1035-1217

 

 

 

A.      KINGS of CASTILE and LEON 1035-1217 (JIMENA DYNASTY of NAVARRE)

 

 

FERNANDO de Navarra, son of SANCHO III “el Mayor” King of Navarre & his wife Munia Mayor Ctss de Castilla ([1016/18]-27 Dec 1065, bur León).  “Ranimirus proles regis, Garseanes frater eius, Gundisaluus frater eius, Ferdinandus frater eius” confirmed the charter dated 17 Apr 1014 under which “Sancius…rex…cum coniuge mea regina domina Maiora” donated property to the monastery of Leire, although the absence of the brother Bernardo suggests that this charter should be redated to approximately ten years later[370].  "Sancius…rex" recommended the rule of St Benedict to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 21 Oct 1022, subscribed by "Eximina regina mater regis, Regina domna Muma, Garsia et Ranimirus, Gundesalbus et Fernandus"[371].  The charter of "Sancius Hispaniarum rex" dated 26 Jun 1033 relating to concessions to the monastery of Oriense was confirmed by his sons (in order) "Ranimirus…Garsea…Fredinandus"[372].  His father installed him as Conde de Castilla in 1029, in succession to his maternal uncle.  The Historia Silense records that King Sancho granted "Castella" to "Fernandum"[373].  Under the division of territories organised by his father prior to his death, he received Castile, succeeding in 1035 as FERNANDO I "el Magno" King of Castile.  With the help of his brother García V King of Navarre, he defeated and killed his brother-in-law Vermudo III King of León[374], proclaiming himself King of León and Galicia 4 Sep 1037.  Crowned at Santa María de León 22 Jun 1038[375], after which he used the title "imperatur".  Ferdinand I King of Castile confirmed the union of the monastery of San Martín del Río with San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 31 Aug 1050, subscribed by "Sanctius prolis regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filio regis, Urraca filia regis, Tegridia filia regis…"[376].  King Fernando's reign was a period of rapid Castilian expansion.  He defeated and killed his brother García Sánchez III King of Navarre at Atapuerca Sep 1054, requiring the cession of the Bureba district on the west bank of the upper Ebro River[377].  The close ties between Burgundy and Spain started during the reign of Fernando I King of Castile, who established an annual rent of 120 ounces of gold in favour of the Abbey of Cluny some time after 1055[378].  He allied himself with Ibn-Hud to attack the Taifa Kingdom of Toledo, from whom he forced the payment of a large tribute or paria, which became the established way of raising revenues for the Christian kingdoms[379].  In 1057, he invaded the territory of the Aftasids of Badajoz, capturing Lamego 29 Nov 1057 and Viseu 25 Jul 1058.  He also attacked Santarem, forcing its ruler to pay 5,000 dinars a year to maintain a truce.  He exacted annual parias from Zaragoza from 1060.  King Fernando donated property "in Compostella…[qui] fuit…de Odrozia comitssa…cum filia sua Gyloira et…nepus suum comitem Monninum Ruderici" to Celanova by charter dated 19 Aug 1061[380].  He conquered Coimbra after a 6 month siege ending 25 Jul 1064.  He also reclaimed much of the traditional Castilian territory held by Sancho IV García King of Navarre, but this was apparently a political and diplomatic rather than a military process[381].  A great council meeting in 1064 agreed a division of King Fernando's territories (as well as the rights to annual parias from the Taifa kingdoms) between his sons[382], the agreement being implemented after his death.  The precise geographical details of the split are set out by Reilly and in the Chronicon Regum Legionensium[383].  "Fredernandus…Legionensis rex…cum coniuge mea regina dna Sancia et filiis meis" confirmed the privileges of Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Mar 1065, subscribed by "Sancius filius regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filius regis, Urraca filia regis, Geloira filia regis…"[384].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium records the death of Fernando I King of Castile "in the era 1103 (1065)" after reigning for 18 years and his burial with his wife Sancha "in the city of León"[385].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death of “Rex Domnus Fernandus” in 1103 (adjusted to 1065) and his burial “VII Kal Jan…in Legionensi civitate[386].  The Chronicon Burgense records the death “in die S. Eugeniæ” in 1065 of “Fernandus Rex[387].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium records the death of Fernando I King of Castile "in the era 1103 (1065)" after reigning for 18 years and his burial with his wife Sancha "in the city of León"[388]. 

m ([Nov/Dec] 1032) SANCHA de León, daughter of ALFONSO V King of León & his first wife Elvira Menéndez (1013-7 Nov 1067, bur León).  The Historia Silense records the marriage of "Fernandus" to "Sanciam filiam Adefonsi Galiciensis regis"[389].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Vermudo and Sancha" as the children of King Alfonso and his wife Elvira, specifying that Sancha married "King Fernando, the son of King Sancho the Fat"[390].  "Fredernandus…Legionensis rex…cum coniuge mea regina dna Sancia et filiis meis" confirmed the privileges of Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Mar 1065, subscribed by "Sancius filius regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filius regis, Urraca filia regis, Geloira filia regis…"[391].  The Annales Complutense record the death in 1067 of “Regina Sancia[392]

King Fernando I & his wife had [six] children:

1.         URRACA de Castilla y León ([1033/34]-after 13 Nov 1103).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Sancho, Alfonso, García and Elvira" and the children of King Fernando and Queen Sancha[393].  The Historia Silense names her as oldest child of King Fernando, born before he succeeded as king[394].  Ferdinand I King of Castile confirmed the union of the monastery of San Martín del Río with San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 31 Aug 1050, subscribed by "Sanctius prolis regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filio regis, Urraca filia regis, Tegridia filia regis…"[395].  "Fredernandus…Legionensis rex…cum coniuge mea regina dna Sancia et filiis meis" confirmed the privileges of Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Mar 1065, subscribed by "Sancius filius regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filius regis, Urraca filia regis, Geloira filia regis…"[396].  "Urraca Fredenandi principis filia" donated property "in valle de vice territorio Portugale" to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 25 Jun 1066[397].  "Burgensis dominans, tocius Castelle rex…Sancius" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 18 Jan [1070], subscribed by "domna Urraca soror regis, domna Elvira soror regis…"[398].  "Adefonsus rex" donated "hereditates quos ganabit pater meus de comite Flagino Fredenandiz…secus flubio Estola, territorio Aquilare" and "uilla…Cento Fontes qui fuit de abio meo comes Fredenando Ueremudiz…in ripa de Estola…et monasterio de Cisterna" and "alias hereditates que fuerunt de comitisssa domina Geluira filia comes Faffila Fernandiz…in ripa de Estola et in illa terra de Sumontia" to "soror mea domina Urracca prolis Fredenandiz" by charter dated 15 Oct 1071[399]Urraca et Elvira Ferdinandi Imperatoris magni filiæ” transferred the church of Auca to “ecclesiam S. Maride Campo de Gamonare” by charter dated 1074[400].  "Urraka [et]…Gelvira sorores mihi" consented to a donation to Cluny by "Adefonsus…princeps" dated 22 May 1077[401].  Under the terms of the agreement of 1064 which divided her father's territories between her brothers, she and her sister were granted "all the monasteries of [the] kingdom in which they might live to their lives' end without the bond of a husband"[402], the resulting lordship being known later as the "Infantado"[403].  Titular Queen of Zamora.  She rebelled against her brother Sancho II King of Castile in 1072.  "Urraca soror regis, Gelvira soror regis…" subscribed the charter dated 17 Aug 1077 which records an agreement between Bishop Diego Peláez and the abbot of Antealtares, San Fagundo[404].  "…Urraka Fredinandi regis et Santie regine filia…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[405].  "Urraka Fredenandi regis et Sanciæ regine filia" donated various monasteries to the monastery of Eslonza by charter dated 14 May 1099[406].  "Geloira Fredenandi principis", on her deathbed, confirmed her donation of the monastery of Piloño to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 13 Nov 1100, subscribed by "Urraca soror eius"[407].  "Urraka prolis Fredenandi regis et Sanzia regina filia" donated property to the abbot of Infantado de Covarrubias by charter dated 13 Nov 1103[408]The Anales Toledanos record the death in 1101 of “la Reyna Doña Urraca, parienta del Rey Ferrando è de la Reyna Doña Sancha[409]. 

2.         SANCHO de Castilla y León ([1036]-murdered Zamora 7 Oct 1072, bur Monastery of Oña[410]).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Sancho, Alfonso, García and Elvira" and the children of King Fernando and Queen Sancha[411].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, in a curious mixture of information about the contemporary kings of Castile and Aragon, names "Sanctium qui aliam matrem habuit, Petrum cognomento Alfunsem sive Hildefonsum et Fernandum" as the three sons of "rex…in Galicia Sanctus sive Fernandus"[412].  Ferdinand I King of Castile confirmed the union of the monastery of San Martín del Río with San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 31 Aug 1050, subscribed by "Sanctius prolis regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filio regis, Urraca filia regis, Tegridia filia regis…"[413].  He took part in the defence of Graus against the Moors 8 May 1063, in the course of which his uncle Ramiro I King of Aragon was killed.  "Fredernandus…Legionensis rex…cum coniuge mea regina dna Sancia et filiis meis" confirmed the privileges of Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Mar 1065, subscribed by "Sancius filius regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filius regis, Urraca filia regis, Geloira filia regis…"[414].  Under the partition of lands in his father’s will, he received Castile and the parias from the Taifa state of Zaragoza, succeeding in 1065 as SANCHO II King of Castile.  He invaded Navarre in 1067 to recover certain frontier areas, triggering the "war of the three Sanchos".  Although defeated by Sancho Ramírez King of Aragon, he negotiated an advantageous peace, acquiring Pancorbo and Oña.  He also attempted to conquer León, fighting his brother Alfonso VI at Llantada 19 Jul 1068, but then joined forces with him to deprive their brother García of Galicia.  The alliance with Alfonso was, however, short-lived: King Sancho defeated his brother at Golpejera in Jan 1072, and was crowned king of León at León 12 Jan 1072[415].  "Burgensis dominans, tocius Castelle rex…Sancius" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 18 Jan [1070], subscribed by "domna Urraca soror regis, domna Elvira soror regis…"[416].  At first imprisoned by King Sancho, their sister Urraca persuaded Sancho to exile Alfonso to Toledo.  Urraca then rebelled against Sancho at Zamora, during the siege of which King Sancho was murdered.  The Chronicon Burgense records that “Sancius Rex” was killed “in Zamora” in 1072[417].  The Annales Complutense record that “Regem Sancium” was killed “Non Oct…in Zamora” in 1072[418].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium records that Sancho II King of Castile "was killed by treachery by a soldier named Vellito Ariulfo outside the walls of Zamora which he had besieged" and was buried "in Castile in the monastery of San Salvador de Oña"[419].  The "Corónicas" Navarras name "Belid Alfóns" as the murderer of Sancho King of Castile[420].  [Betrothed to CONSTANZA, daughter of --- & his wife [Etiennette] [de Foix] (-after 29 Nov 1074).  Salazar y Acha discusses this possible betrothal and the identity of the betrothed[421].  The Crónica Najerense records that “infans domnus Sancius, quem rex Garsias Pampilonensium ex concubina habuerat” abducted “filiam regine Stephanie”, who was betrothed to “Santius rex”, and took her to the court of the Moorish king of Zaragoza and later to Ramiro I King of Aragon, triggering the war between Castille and Aragon during the course of which the Aragonese king was killed in 1064[422].  Salazar y Acha hypothesises that this alleged daughter of Stephanie de Foix, wife of García V King of Navarre, was Constanza, born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage with a noble at the court of Barcelona[423].  He cites the charter dated 29 Nov 1074 under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “unas casas en la ciudad de Calahorra” to “germano meo domno Sancio et uxori vestra vel germana mea domna Constanza[424], suggesting that it would be unusual for King Sancho to refer to his brother´s wife as “germana” unless there was also a blood relationship between them.  However, this hypothesis, although appealing, appears unlikely to be correct because Queen Estefania does not include Constanza in her testament dated to [1066] which names all her other known children[425].]  m ([late 1070/before 26 Mar 1071]) ALBERTA, daughter of ---.  Florez cites two charters dated 26 Mar 1071 and 10 May 1071 which name "Alberta" as the wife of King Sancho but does not cite the primary sources[426].  "Sancius Rex Castellæ…cum uxore mea Alberta Regina" granted the señorío of the monastery of Rezmondo to "Veremundo Sandinez" by charter dated 26 Mar 1071[427].  Nothing is known about her except her name.  Reilly speculates that she was from outside Spain, her name being virtually unknown in the country at the time[428].  The name "Alberta" suggests a connection with "Audebert", used among the family of the Counts of Périgord and La Marche. 

3.         [TEGRIDIA de Castilla y León (-after 31 Aug 1050).  Ferdinand I King of Castile confirmed the union of the monastery of San Martín del Río with San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 31 Aug 1050, subscribed by "Sanctius prolis regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filio regis, Urraca filia regis, Tegridia filia regis…"[429].  It is possible that Tegridia in this document represents an error for Elvira, who is not named as a subscriber.] 

4.         ELVIRA de Castilla y León ([1037/39]-15 Nov 1101[430]).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Sancho, Alfonso, García and Elvira" and the children of King Fernando and Queen Sancha[431].  She was her parents' third child, according to the Historia Silense[432].  "Fredernandus…Legionensis rex…cum coniuge mea regina dna Sancia et filiis meis" confirmed the privileges of Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Mar 1065, subscribed by "Sancius filius regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filius regis, Urraca filia regis, Geloira filia regis…"[433].  Under the terms of the agreement of 1064 which divided her father's territories between her brothers, she and her sister were granted "all the monasteries of [the] kingdom in which they might live to their lives' end without the bond of a husband"341, the resulting lordship being known later as the "Infantado"342.  Titular Queen of Toro.  The bishops of Pamplona, Calahorra, Burgos and Castilla la Vieja confirmed the privileges of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1067, in the presence of "regis Sancii, filii Fredinandi regis, domna Elvira germana regis…"[434].  "Geluira regina" donated property "in Lemabus villam…in Triacastella…et…in Valle Carcere" to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Dec 1068, subscribed by "Veremudus proles Hordonii com…"[435].  "Burgensis dominans, tocius Castelle rex…Sancius" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 18 Jan [1070], subscribed by "domna Urraca soror regis, domna Elvira soror regis…"[436].  “Urraca et Elvira Ferdinandi Imperatoris magni filiæ” transferred the church of Auca to “ecclesiam S. Maride Campo de Gamonare” by charter dated 1074[437].  "Urraka [et]…Gelvira sorores mihi" consented to a donation to Cluny by "Adefonsus…princeps" dated 22 May 1077[438].  "Urraca soror regis, Gelvira soror regis…" subscribed the charter dated 17 Aug 1077 which records an agreement between Bishop Diego Peláez and the abbot of Antealtares, San Fagundo[439].  "Geloira Fredinandi principis filia" donated the monastery of Piloño to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 25 Apr 1087[440].  "…Urraka Giluira Ferdinandi regis et Santie regine filia…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[441].  "Geloira Fredenandi principis", on her deathbed, confirmed her donation of the monastery of Piloño to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 13 Nov 1100, subscribed by "Urraca soror eius"[442].  The Anales Toledanos record the death in 1099 of “la Ifant Geloira[443]

5.         ALFONSO de Castilla y León (Compostela [1038/40]-Toledo 1 Jul 1109, bur Sahagún, León, San Mancio chapel in the royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Sancho, Alfonso, García and Elvira" and the children of King Fernando and Queen Sancha[444].  His parentage is confirmed by "Adefonsus rex Leonum" naming "Fridenandi patris mei Regis [et] Sanctie matris mee regine" in a charter dated 10 Jul 1077[445].  Under the partition of lands in his father’s will, he received León and the parias from the Taifa state of Toledo, succeeding in 1065 as ALFONSO VI King of León.  He succeeded after the death of his brother in 1072 as ALFONSO VI King of Castile

          -        see below

6.         GARCÍA de Castilla y León ([1042]-castle of Luna 22 Mar 1090, bur León[446]).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Sancho, Alfonso, García and Elvira" and the children of King Fernando and Queen Sancha[447].  Ferdinand I King of Castile confirmed the union of the monastery of San Martín del Río with San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 31 Aug 1050, subscribed by "Sanctius prolis regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filio regis, Urraca filia regis, Tegridia filia regis…"[448].  "Fredernandus…Legionensis rex…cum coniuge mea regina dna Sancia et filiis meis" confirmed the privileges of Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Mar 1065, subscribed by "Sancius filius regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filius regis, Urraca filia regis, Geloira filia regis…"[449].  Under the partition of lands in his father’s will, he received Galicia and the parias from the Taifa states of Seville and Badajoz, succeeding 1065 as GARCIA King of Galicia.  He consolidated his power in Portugal by forcibly requiring García Múñoz, a powerful Portuguese noble, to donate his territories in 1066[450] but by 1069 King García was having difficulty maintaining his authority in Galicia.  He defeated and killed conde Muño Menéndez at Pedrosa Fen in 1071, but by Jun 1071 he had been captured by his brothers who divided his territories between them.  He was exiled to the taifa of Seville.  He returned after the murder of his brother Sancho.  His brother King Alfonso VI invited him to meet 13 Feb 1073, but took him prisoner.  He remained in prison for life in the castle of Luna in northern León[451].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium records that King Alfonso captured "his brother García…by a cunning trick" and kept him in chains "twenty years and more", and that García bled himself to death and was buried in León[452].  The Annales Compostellani record the death “XI Kal Apr” in 1090 of “Garsias Rex[453].  The Chronicon Compostellani records the death “XI Kal Apr” in 1090 of “Garsea” after being held in prison since 1073[454].  The Annales Complutense record the death in 1082 of “Garsia Rex[455], although many of the dates in this source are inaccurate.  [Mistress:---.  The name of García's possible mistress is not known.  One possible illegitimate child:]

a)         [FERNANDO García.  Reilly[456] suggests that Fernando García [de Castro], Señor de Hita y Uceda may have been the illegitimate son of García King of Galicia, son of Fernando I King of Castile and León, born during his father's period of imprisonment, therefore after 1073.  The chronology of this suggestion would be in doubt if Fernando's son, Gutierre, was a young adult in 1105 but, as explained in the document ASTURIAS, GALICIA, LEON NOBILITY, this is difficult to sustain.  No confirmation has yet been found in contemporary documentation that King García had an illegitimate child, so this theory must remain an interesting speculation.]  

 

 

ALFONSO de Castilla y León, son of FERNANDO I "el Magno" King of Castile and León & his wife Sancha de León (Compostela [1038/40]-Toledo 30 Jun 1109, bur Sahagún, León, San Mancio chapel in the royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo)The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Sancho, Alfonso, García and Elvira" and the children of King Fernando and Queen Sancha[457].  According to the Chronicle of Sahagún, Alfonso was 72 years old when he died[458], but this must be overstated if he was his parents' fourth child as stated in Historia Silense[459].  It is more likely that he was born in [1038/40].  Ferdinand I King of Castile confirmed the union of the monastery of San Martín del Río with San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 31 Aug 1050, subscribed by "Sanctius prolis regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filio regis, Urraca filia regis, Tegridia filia regis…"[460].  "Fredernandus…Legionensis rex…cum coniuge mea regina dna Sancia et filiis meis" confirmed the privileges of Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Mar 1065, subscribed by "Sancius filius regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filius regis, Urraca filia regis, Geloira filia regis…"[461].  Under the partition of lands in his father’s will, he received León and the parias from the Taifa state of Toledo, succeeding in 1065 as ALFONSO VI King of León.  Relations between Alfonso and his two brothers were tense.  Although Alfonso and Sancho cooperated to deprive their brother García of Galicia, Sancho turned against Alfonso soon afterwards and defeated him at Golpejera Jan 1072.  He was exiled to Toledo, seeking refuge with the Dhul-Nunid King[462].  He returned to León after the murder of his brother, arriving [10] Nov 1072, and was accepted before 8 Dec 1072 as ALFONSO VI King of Castile.  Pursuing his father's close connections with the monastery of Cluny, he granted the order its first monastic house in Castile at San Isidro de Dueñas 29 May 1073, as well as doubling the annual census payment to Cluny in 1077[463].  The Roman liturgy was adopted in Castile and León in 1076.  After the death in Jun 1076 of Sancho IV “él de Peñalén” King of Navarre, King Alfonso succeeded as King of Navarre: a charter dated 1076 records that Alfonso VI King of Castile ("Adefonsus filius Fredinandi regis") succeeded to the kingdom after "impiisima fraude interfecto rege Sancio, Garsie...regis filius"[464].  Pope Gregory VII asserted papal suzerainty over Spain 28 Jun 1077, although King Alfonso's response appears to have been to declare  himself "imperator totius hispaniae", the first known use of this title being 17 Oct 1077[465].  King Alfonso VI took advantage of the assassination of Sancho IV King of Navarre in 1076 to invade Navarre, annexing La Rioja, Álava, Vizcaya and Guipúzcoa to Castile.  Turning his attention to the reconquest of Moorish territories, Alfonso recaptured Toledo 25 May 1085, besieged Zaragoza in 1086, and also imposed his Government on the kingdom of Valencia, where he installed as ruler the deposed al-Qadir ex-taifa King of Toledo.  His ambitions were, however, thwarted by al-Mu'tamid King of Seville who, with the help of Yusuf bin Tashfin Emir of the Almoravids, defeated King Alfonso at Sagrajas near Badajoz 23 Oct 1086.  The Almoravids rapidly consolidated their position, absorbing the taifa kingdoms of Granada and Seville and subduing Jaén, Almería, Denia and Murcia.  Undeterred, Alfonso recaptured Córdoba in 1091, and persuade Al-Mutawakkil of Badajoz to cede him Lisbon, Santarem and Sintra between 30 Apr and 8 May 1093, although Badajoz itself was captured by the Almoravids in early 1094.  Meanwhile Rodrigo Díaz "el Cid" recaptured Valencia, establishing himself there as an autonomous prince.  Previously his bitter enemy, Alfonso eventually united with him to fight the Moors.  He also spread the call overseas, especially in France, for a general crusade to fight 'the infidel'.  "Adefonsus rex Legionis et totius Hispanie imperator atque Fredenandi filius regis" granted privileges to Santiago de Compostela, with the advice of "generis mei comitis domini Raimundi", by charter dated 28 Jan 1090[466].  The end of his reign was marred by a crushing defeat at Uclés 29 May 1108, where his son was killed.  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium records that King Alfonso lived for 79 years and reigned for 43 years and six months, died in Toledo 1 Jul "in the era 1147 (1109)" and was buried "in the church of saints Facundus and Primitivus"[467].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death “III Kal Jul” in 1147 (1109) of “Rex D. Alfonsus Regis D. Fernandi filius[468]

Betrothed (by proxy Caen, Abbey of Holy Trinity before [1069]) to AGATHE de Normandie, daughter of WILLIAM I King of England Duc de Normandie & his wife Mathilde de Flandres ([1064]-before 1074, bur Bayeux Cathedral).  According to William of Malmesbury, an unnamed daughter of King William was "affianced by messengers" to King Alfonso[469].  Orderic Vitalis names her Agatha, identifying her as the daughter who had been betrothed to Harold Godwinson (see above), and says that she was betrothed to "Amfursio regi Galliciæ"[470].  Matthew of Paris places her as the fifth daughter (unnamed) betrothed to "Aldefonso Galiciæ regi" but different from the daughter betrothed to Harold[471].  Orderic says that she died en route to Spain, her body being brought back to Bayeux for burial[472].  The betrothal to Alfonso must have been a short-lived arrangement as he married his first wife in 1069[473]

m firstly (betrothed 1069, [late 1073/early 1074], repudiated after 22 May 1077) [as her first husband,] AGNES d’Aquitaine, daughter of GUILLAUME VIII Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME VI Comte de Poitou] & his second wife Mathilde --- ([1059]-[6 Jun 1078 or after 1099], bur [Sahagún, León, royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo]).  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that the only daughter of "Goffredus" and his second wife was the wife of "Hildefonsi regis, filii Freelandi et nepotis Garsii", in a later passage recording their marriage in 1069[474].  She was known as INÉS in Castile.  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Ines" ("Agnetam") as the first of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso[475].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Agnes" as first wife of "rex Aldefonsus"[476].  "Agnes regina" confirmed the donation to Cluny by "Adefonsus…princeps" dated 22 May 1077[477].  No later reference has been found in charters to Queen Inés.  Reports of her subsequent history are mutually contradictory.  Orderic Vitalis refers to the second marriage of "Agnetem filiam Guillelmi Pictavorum ducis relictam Hildefonsi senioris Galiciae regis" with Hélie Comte du Maine[478].  However, Sandoval records that "la Reyna Doña Ines" died 6 Jun 1078 according to "las memorias del tumbo negro de Santiago"[479].  The accuracy of this statement is uncertain as, in the same passage, Sandoval states that the same source records the death in the same year "II Kal Jun" of "Sancius Rex filius Alfonsi Regis".  This latter entry presumably refers to the death of Sancho, son of King Alfonso VI, at the battle of Uclés in 1108, but it casts doubt on the accuracy of the year of the death of Queen Inés.  Another date is introduced by the Annales Compostellani which record the death "VIII Id Jun" in 1098 of “Regina Agnes[480].  This is the same day and month as stated in the tumbo negro, so it is possible that the year is wrongly given, although it is also possible that the Annales Compostelani are referring to the death of the wife of Pedro I King of Aragon (who must have died in 1097 or before).  Reilly[481] says that Queen Constanza was buried next to Queen Inés, which implies that the latter predeceased her successor.  The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified, although if it is correct it does seem surprising that the repudiated queen remained in Castile until she died and that she was buried in the royal monastery.  If Orderic Vitalis is correct, Queen Inés must have been repudiated by her husband and later returned to France where she married secondly (after 1099) as his second wife, Hélie Comte du Maine.  Another possibility is that Orderic´s passage misstates the name "Agnetem" for "Beatricem", and that the second wife of Comte Hélie was King Alfonso VI´s widow Beatrix whose family origin is not otherwise recorded and who would therefore have been a younger daughter of Duke Guillaume VIII (see below).  According to Kerrebrouck[482], Agnès d'Aquitaine never existed.  He says that the first wife of King Alfonso VI was Inés de Guzmán, although he does not name her parents or precise origin. 

m secondly (Dec 1079) as her second husband, CONSTANCE de Bourgogne, widow of HUGUES [II] Comte de Chalon-sur-Saône, daughter of ROBERT I Duke of Burgundy [Capet] & his first wife Hélie de Semur ([1045]-[25 Jul/25 Oct] 1093, bur Sahagún, León, royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo).  The Chronicon Trenorciensi records that "Constantiæ…filia Roberti Ducis" married firstly "Hugonis Cabilonensis Comitis" and secondly "Hispaniæ Rex Adefonsus "[483].  A charter dated 1087 of "Ducem Burgundiæ Oddonem" recalls a donation to Tournus abbey by "comitissa Cabillonensis filia Rotberti ducis", after the death of "mariti sui Hugonis comitis", adding that she subsequently became "Regina Galliciæ et Hispaniarum"[484].  "Infanta donna Urraka Regis domni Adefonsi filia" names her mother "Constantie regina" in her donation to Cluny dated 22 Feb 1117 "Spanish Era"[485], although the date was presumably AD as 1117 Spanish Era was equivalent to 1079 AD.  An early 12th century document at Fleury records that "filiam Roberti ducis Bugundionem…Constantiam" married Alfonso VI King of Castile and was mother of a daughter who married "Raymundo comiti"[486].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Queen Constance" as the second of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso[487].  Her second marriage date is estimated based on the likely estimated death date of her first husband in [Nov/early Dec] 1079 and her subscribing a document dated 25 Dec 1079 at Dueñas with her second husband[488].  Queen Constance was instrumental in having the Roman rite replace the Visigothic rite in the churches of Castile.  "Adefonsus…Hispaniarum rex…cum coniuge mea Constantia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 1 May 1092[489].  The date of her death is fixed by her last known mention in a charter dated 25 Jul 1093 and a donation by King Alfonso to the monastery of Sahagún dated 25 Oct 1093, which does not include Queen Constanza's name in the subscription list[490].  The 13th century history of Sahagún monastery records that "la Reyna Doña Constanza" was buried in the monastery[491].  Pérez´s history of Sahagún monastery, published in 1782, states that "Doña Berta…Reyna…está enterrada no lejos de Doña Constanza en la Capilla" of the monastery, but does not quote the inscription which confirms this statement[492]

m thirdly ([Dec] 1094) BERTA, daughter of --- (-early Jan 1100, bur Sahagún, León, royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Berta, who was of Tuscan descent" as the third of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso[493].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Berta ex Tusca oriunda" as third wife of "rex Aldefonsus"[494]Las crónicas anónimas de Sahagún refer to her as "otra mugger de la nacion de Lombardia llamada Berta".  The precise origin of Berta is not known.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[495], she was Berta de Bourgogne [Comté], daughter of Guillaume I Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, Comte de Vienne et de Macon, which is inconsistent with the "Tuscan descent" reported in the Chronicon Regum Legionensium.  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that she was the daughter of Guillaume Comte de Bourgogne[496].  Reilly does not mention this possible Burgundian origin of Berthe, implying that the Castilian king chose his third wife from outside the Burgundian circle in order to diminish the influence of the Burgundians at court.  As Berthe de Bourgogne would have been the sister of Raymond de Bourgogne who married Infanta Urraca, oldest legitimate daughter of King Alfonso, around the same time that King Alfonso married Queen Berta, it is surprising that the chronicles do not refer to this relationship if it is correct. The references to "Tuscia" and "Lombardia" in the chronicles could be consistent with the family of Bourgogne [Comté] having originated in northern Italy, their ancestors being Marchesi of Ivrea until 968, although this was nearly 130 years before the date of Queen Berta's marriage.  Reilly dates this marriage to "during the Christmas season of 1094", but does not state his source[497].  In a later passage, Reilly states that the first reference to Berta as queen is dated 28 Apr 1095[498].  "Adefonsus…Ispanie imperator" permitted the abbey of Silos to establish outposts near the abbey, with the consent of "uxoris mee Berte regine", by charter dated 20 Jan [1096/98], confirmed by "Garcia Ordoniz et comes…Gomiz Gonçalviz armiger regis, Fernando Munoz maiordomus regis, Didago Albariz, Fernando Ansuriz, Gutier Munoz, Ruderico Gonçalviz, Monio Roderiquiz, Didago Bermudez, Petro Gonçalviz…"[499].  "Adefonsus…totius Hispanie imperator" granted rights to the abbey of Silos, with the consent of "uxoris mee Berte regine", by charter dated 19 May 1097[500].  "Adefonsus…tocius Ispanie imperator" donated property to the abbey of Silos, with the consent of "uxoris mee Berte regine", by charter dated 30 Sep 1098, confirmed by the same persons as in the earlier charter dated 20 Jan [1096/98][501].  "…Berta…regina…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[502].  According to Reilly, Queen Berta died shortly after the new year 1100, probably before 16 Jan[503].  In another passage, he notes that the last notice of her is dated 17 Nov 1099[504].  She was dead in 25 Jan 1100, the date of the charter under which "Adefonsus…Toletani imperii rex" donated the churches of "Sancti Facundi et Sancti Primitivi…cum sua villa…Villaverde", ceded by "comitis Monini Fernandis…in vita sua dederam uxori mee Berte regine", to Cluny, confirmed by "Raimundus totius Gallecie comes et gener regis, Urraca soror regis, Urraca regis filia et Raimundi comitis uxor, Enricus Portugalensis comes, uxor ipsius Tarasia filia regis…"[505].  The 13th century history of Sahagún monastery records that "la Reyna Doña Berta" died "apenas cumplidos seis años en el matrimonio" and was buried in the monastery[506].  Pérez´s history of Sahagún monastery, published in 1782, states that "Doña Berta…Reyna…está enterrada no lejos de Doña Constanza en la Capilla" of the monastery, but does not quote the inscription which confirms this statement[507]

[m fourthly ([Burgos] 1100 before 14 May) ISABEL [Elisabeth], daughter of --- (-before Mar 1106, bur Royal Pantheon of San Isidor de León).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Elizabeth" as the fourth of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso, stating that she was the mother of "Sancha the wife of count Rodrigo and Elvira who married Duke Roger of Sicily"[508].  According to Reilly, her first documentary mention is dated 14 May 1100, but he does not cite the reference[509].  "Adefonsus…totius Hispanie imperator" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña with the consent of "uxoris mee Helisabeth regine" by charter dated 12 Dec 1075[510], although this date is clearly incorrect.  "Aldefonsus rex Yspaniarum…cum…coniuge mee Helisabeth regine" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 1086[511], also clearly misdated.  "Adefonsus Rex Imperator Ispanie et Regina Elisabeth" protected the grazing rights of Valladolid Santa María by charter dated 1100[512].  "Adefonsus totius Ispanie imperator" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña with the consent of "uxoris mee Helisabet regine" by charter dated 23 Mar 1103[513].  Her origin is not known.  Reilly assumes a French origin, speculating that she belonged to a younger branch of the house of Burgundy, but quotes no documentary evidence for this or any other French origin[514].  It used to be widely accepted that she was the daughter of Louis VI King of France, based on a funerary inscription, but this is chronologically impossible.  Her existence is questionable and it is possible that she was in fact the same person as Isabel née Zaïda, shown below as King Alfonso's fifth wife.  The question of the separate existence of King Alfonso VI's fourth wife would be resolved if we knew there had been two different memorials to "Queen Elisabeth" in the Royal Pantheon, but it appears that a record of these memorials no longer exists.  According to Reilly, she is last named in a charter dated 14 May 1107[515], but it is more likely that this document refers to Queen Isabel/Elisabeth née Zaïda (see below).] 

m fifthly (Mar 1106) as her second husband, ZAÏDA, widow of ABU NASIR al Fatah al Ma'Mun Emir of Córdoba, daughter of --- (-13 Sep 1107, bur Royal Pantheon of San Isidor at León).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Zaida, the daughter of King Abenabeth of Seville, who was baptised…Elisabeth" as the second of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their son "Sancho who died at the battle of Ucles"[516].  The Chronicon de Cardeña records that King Alfonso married “Mora, que decien la Cayda, sobrina de Abenafanle” who was mother of his son Sancho[517].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Bayan al Mugrib of Ibn Idari which names "le fils d´Alphonse, Sancho, qu´il avait eu de l´épouse d´Al Mamun ibn Abbad" when recording the battle of Uclés[518].  Salazar y Acha attempts to explain these three apparently contradictory sources by suggesting that Zaida could have been the daughter of "un hermano mayor…Ismail ibn Abbad" of Mohammed al-Mutamid, noting particularly the practice of endogamous marriages in the Muslim dynasties[519].  As noted above, Ismail is recorded as the brother of al-Mutatid and so would have been the paternal uncle of al-Mutamid.  From a chronological point of view therefore Salazar y Acha´s suggestion appears untenible, although Zaida could have been another relative, maybe the daughter of an otherwise unrecorded brother of al-Mutamid.  Alberto Montaner Frutos also discusses Zaïda, in particular relating to legends which have developed in connection with her history[520].  Reilly[521] dates the start of her relationship with King Alfonso to late 1091 or 1092, suggesting its diplomatic importance would have been greatest after the fall of Córdoba in Mar 1091 but before the fall of Badajoz in early 1094.  This seems supported by the likelihood that their son Sancho was at least 15 years old when he was killed at the battle of Uclés in May 1108.  Zaïda was christened ISABEL[522], date not known.  Reilly cites a document of Galician origin dated 27 Mar 1106 which indicates that King Alfonso had married "Helisabet" shortly before[523].  Reilly[524] quotes a charter granted at Oviedo 19 Mar 1106 which lists members of the royal family, naming "Elisabeth" directly before "Sancho", which presumably refer to Zaïda and her son.  "…Helisabet Regina, Reimundus comes, Urraca regis filia, Sancius filius regis…" subscribed the charter dated 14 May 1107 under which "Adefonsus…Toletani imperii rex…cum…uxore mea Helisabet regina" approved the mint of Santiago de Compostela[525].  Reilly assumes that the reference is to King Alfonso´s presumed fourth wife Isabel (Elizabeth)[526], but it appears more likely that the document refers to Zaïda.  Reilly says that her sepulchral inscription (presumably now lost) reportedly stated that she had died in childbirth on 13 Sep, without giving the year, and in a later passage that the inscription stated that this was the "second ferial day", which he interprets as meaning a Monday or Thursday[527].  If the charters dated 1106 and 1107 correctly refer to Zaida, the year must have been 1107 assuming that King Alfonso married his sixth wife in 1108.  Pérez´s history of Sahagún monastery, published in 1782, states that Queen Isabel was buried "en la Capilla mayor" of the monastery, but does not quote the inscription which confirms this statement[528]

m sixthly ([Apr] 1108) [as her first husband,] BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-after 1109).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Beatrice" as the fifth of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso[529].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Beatrix ex partibus Gallicanis" as fifth wife of "rex Aldefonsus"[530].  According to the Chronicon Regum Legionensium, she "returned to her own country" after the king died[531].  No primary source has been identified which indicates her family origin.  Orderic Vitalis refers to the second marriage of "Agnetem filiam Guillelmi Pictavorum ducis relictam Hildefonsi senioris Galiciae regis" with Hélie Comte du Maine[532].  As noted above, it appears unlikely that this passage could refer to King Alfonso´s first wife named Agnes, whose death before the king´s second marriage is indicated (although not conclusively) by primary sources.  It is therefore possible that the entry relates to the king´s sixth wife, the name "Agnetem" being an error for "Beatricem".  If this was correct, she would have been Beatrix, daughter of Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume VI Comte de Poitou] & his third wife Hildegarde de Bourgogne [Capet], this parentage being the most probable from a chronological point of view if she was the daughter of one of the dukes of Aquitaine.  In this case, she would have married secondly (after Jun 1109) as his second wife, Hélie Comte du Maine

[533]Mistress (1): ([1080]) JIMENA Muñoz, daughter of [MUNIO Muñoz & his wife Velasquita ---] (-Espinareda del Bierzo 1128, after 25 May, maybe 23 Jul, bur San Andres de Espinareda).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Jimena Muñoz" as the first of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their daughters "Elvira the wife of count Raymond of Toulouse…and Teresa the wife of Count Henry"[534].  The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Ximena Nuñez” as mother of the king´s daughters “la Infant Doña Elvira è la Infant Doña Teresa[535].  The precise parentage of Jimena Muñoz has been the subject of considerable debate over recent years.  The common connection with Ulver, where she was recorded, appears conclusive in determining that she was closely related to Munio Muñoz who was also recorded in the same castle (see the document GALICIA NOBILITY).  Her birth date, estimated from her having given birth to two children in the early 1080s, suggests that she was his daughter rather than his sister (assuming that Munio´s parents are correctly identified as Munio Rodríguez and Jimena Ordóñez).  Kerrebrouck states that Jimena Múñoz was King Alfonso VI's second wife, married before the end of 1078 (marriage annulled), but this is chronologically difficult to maintain.  King Alfonso's relationship with Jimena lasted long enough to produce two children.  As noted above, the last documentary reference to Queen Inés was dated 22 May 1077 while King Alfonso's marriage to Queen Constance took place in late 1079.  This leaves insufficient time for the king to have married and had two legitimate children by Jimena.  The reference in Kerrebrouck to the annulment of King Alfonso's alleged marriage to Jimena is presumably based on Pope Gregory VII's letter of 27 Jun 1080 which, among other things, objected to King Alfonso's "marriage" on the grounds of consanguinity.  The letter does not name the wife whose marriage was objected to, but Reilly appears correct in concluding that "it can be no other than Queen Constance herself", given the likely date of her marriage and the likely date of birth of her daughter Urraca[536].  Reilly suggests that King Alfonso VI's relationship with Jimena started in [1081/82][537].  "Monnio Moniz, uxor sua Velasquita, Xemena Moniz, Petro Velaz, Sol Sancxiz…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Oct 1085 under which "Gelvira Petriz…cum viro meo…Godino Citiz" donated property in Priaranza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes[538].  The dating clause of a charter dated 7 Feb 1093, under which "Petro Quizaz" sold property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "Scemena Monniz in Ulver"[539].  ["Garcia Monnuiz…cum uxor mea Fronille Annalaz cognomento Sol et Pelayo Monniuz et Auro Villito et Monniuz" donated property in Jagoaza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, and "Xemeno Monniuz" sold "mea porcione quam habui inter fratres meos" of the same property, by charter dated 26 Sep [1095][540].  It is possible that "Xemeno Monniuz" in this document is an error for "Xemena Monniuz".  However, the dating clause which names "Comes Froyla Didaz imperante in ipsa terra de Iorres" suggests that the property was in a different area from "Ulver" and therefore that the two families were unrelated.]  The dating clause of a charter dated 17 Dec 1096, under which "Vellite Ferrudiz et uxor mea Falella" sold property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "…Xemena Munniz in Ulver"[541].  The dating clause of a charter dated 21 Mar 1097, under which "Maria" donated property in Rimor to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "Donna Xemena Monniz imperante ipsa terra de Ulver"[542].  "Xemena Munniz" donated property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes by charter dated 26 Apr 1101[543].  "Potestas in illa terra donna Xemena" and "Xemena Monnuz imperante terra de Ulver" is named in dating clauses of other charters which record donations to San Pedro de Montes, dated 1099, 29 Jun 1100, 26 Aug [1103], 19 Apr [1104], 19 Jan [1107][544].  The dating clause of charters dated between [1115] and 15 May 1118 name "Johanne Petriz potestate in Ulver", and from 6 Mar 1126 "Ramiro Froilaz"[545], suggesting that the Muñoz family moved from the castle in [1107/15].  "Ximena Munniz" donated property in "Trebalio et Turres" to "nepotis mei…Garcie Fernandiz" by charter dated 18 Apr 1127[546].  Jimena Muñoz donated property in "la villa de Torres, discurrente rivulo Orbico, territorio Astoricensis" to the Order of St John by charter dated 18 Sep 1127[547]"Jimena Muñiz" donated property "en Villar de Salas en el Bierzo" to Astorga Cathedral by charter dated 25 May 1128[548].  Doña Jimena retired to the Benedictine convent of Esinareda del Bierzo.  The necrology of León Cathedral records the death “X Kal Aug” of “Xemena Moniz[549].  Sandoval records that "Ximena Nuñez" was buried in "San Andres de Espinareda"[550].  An inscription in the monastery of Espinareda records the death in 1128 of "Semena Alphonsi vidui regis amica", although Rodríguez González highlights the opinion that the monument is a later forgery[551].  Sandoval records that "Ximena Nuñez" was buried in "San Andres de Espinareda"[552]

King Alfonso VI & his second wife had one child: 

1.         Infanta[553] doña URRACA de Castilla y León (late 1080[554]-Saldaña 8 Mar 1126, bur León, Monastery of San Isidro)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Waracta filia imperatoris Fernandi"[555].  She succeeded her father in 1109 as URRACA I Queen of Castile and León. 

-        see below

King Alfonso VI & his fifth wife had three children (born before the marriage of their parents):

2.         Infante don SANCHO de Castilla y León (Sep 1093[556]-killed in battle Uclés 29 May 1108).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Zaida, the daughter of King Abenabeth of Seville, who was baptised…Elisabeth" as the second of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their son "Sancho who died at the battle of Ucles"[557].  Legitimated by the subsequent marriage of his parents.  Ruling in Medinaceli 1107[558].  "…Sancius infans Toletani imperatoris filius" subscribed the charter dated 23 Mar 1103 under which "Adefonsus totius Ispanie imperator" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña with the consent of "uxoris mee Helisabet regine"[559].  "…Helisabet Regina, Reimundus comes, Urraca regis filia, Sancius filius regis…" subscribed the charter dated 14 May 1107 under which "Adefonsus…Toletani imperii rex…cum…uxore mea Helisabet regina" approved the mint of Santiago de Compostela[560].  He was formally recognised as heir to the throne at the council of León [May] 1107[561].  The Anales Toledanos record that “Infant D. Sancho è al Conde D. Garcia” were killed “cerca de Uclés III Kal Jun” in 1108[562]

3.         Infanta doña SANCHA de Castilla y León ([1100/16 Mar 1104]-after 10 May 1125)The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Sancha the wife of count Rodrigo and Elvira who married Duke Roger of Sicily" as the daughters of King Alfonso and his fourth "legitimate wife…Elisabeth"[563].  Both daughters are named in a charter dated 16 Mar 1104[564].  In view of the dates of their marriages, it is unlikely that they were born much before this date.  This suggests that their mother may have been King Alfonso's fifth wife, formerly known by her Muslim name Zaïda, although if their estimated birth dates are correct there would have been an interval of several years between their births and the birth of their older brother Sancho, which seems surprising.  "Comite domno Roderico Gonzalvus cum uxore mea Sandecia prolis filia regis Adephonsus" donated the monastery of San Mames to Santa María de Piasca by charter dated "mense Iulii, Era 1100" (misdated)[565]m (1120 or 1122) as his first wife, RODRIGO González de Lara Señor de Lara y Liébana, son of GONZALO Núñez & his wife Goto --- (-after 1143). 

4.         Infanta doña ELVIRA de Castilla y León ([1100/16 Mar 1104]-8 Feb 1135)The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Sancha the wife of count Rodrigo and Elvira who married Duke Roger of Sicily" as the daughters of King Alfonso and his fourth "legitimate wife…Elisabeth"[566].  Both daughters are named in a charter dated 16 Mar 1104[567].  In view of the dates of their marriages, it is unlikely that they were born much before this date.  This suggests that their mother may have been King Alfonso's fifth wife, formerly known by her Muslim name Zaïda, although if their estimated birth dates are correct there would have been an interval of several years between their births and the birth of their older brother Sancho, which seems surprising.  In the case of Elvira, there is another factor which suggests that Zaïda may have been her mother, which is discussed below.  The Annals of Romoald name "Albiriam filiam regis Yspanie" as wife of "rex Rogerius…cum esset comes et iuvenis"[568].  According to Reilly, Elvira daughter of King Alfonso by "Elisabeth" married Fernando Fernández[569].  If this was correct, it would mean that King Roger's wife was King Alfonso's daughter by Jimena Muñoz (see below), which seems unlikely given the estimated birth date of the older Elvira.  It would also mean that King Roger's wife was the widow of Raymond de Saint-Gilles Comte de Toulouse.  However, if that was the case, it would be surprising that the fact was not mentioned in contemporary chronicles, considering how widely Raymond's crusading exploits were recorded.  Assuming that Zaïda was the mother of King Roger's wife, her half-Muslim extraction may have been a factor which favoured the marriage, as King Roger's good relations with the largely Muslim population of Sicily was fundamental to the success of his dynasty in the island.  The De Rebus Gestis Rogerii Siciliæ Regis of Alessandro Abbot of Telese records the death of "Alberia regina", dated to [1134/35] from the context[570].  The Chronicle of Romualdo Guarna records the deaths of "Albyria…regina…et filia eius…Tarentinus princeps et Anfusus Capuanorum princeps et Henricus", recorded in a section dealing with 1145 although the text appears to be recapitalitive of earlier events[571]m ([1117]) as his first wife, ROGER II Count of Sicily, son of ROGER I Count of Sicily & his third wife Adelaida di Savona [Monferrato] (22 Dec 1095-Palermo 26 Feb 1154, bur Palermo Cathedral).  He was crowned in 1130 as ROGER II King of Sicily

King Alfonso VI had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

5.          [Infanta doña] ELVIRA Alfonso ([1080/81]-15 Nov [1156])The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Jimena Muñoz" as the first of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their daughters "Elvira the wife of count Raymond of Toulouse…and Teresa the wife of Count Henry"[572].  Her birth date is estimated from the birth of her first child "before 1097".  "Raimundus…comes et Provincie marchio" donated property to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 28 Jul 1094, also confirming donations by "Dulcis comitissa", signed by "Alvira comitissa"[573].  The bull of Pope Urban II dated 18 Feb 1095 announces that "Raimundus Tolosanus comes…cum uxore sua Hervira et filio Bertranno" abandoned his rights to altar offerings at the monastery of Saint-Gilles[574].  According to Guibert, Comte Raymond left on the First Crusade with his wife and son (both unnamed) "Qui quidem, naturali cuidam filio suo comitatu quem regebat relicto, propriam conjugem cum filio, quem ab ea exegerat, unico secum duxit"[575].  She left Palestine after her husband's death, arriving back in Toulouse with her infant son in 1108[576]Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 30 Jun 1117 under which "Enxemenia Gonçalvez" sold property granted "ad me et ad filio meo Monio Petriz…in territorio Lampreana villa…Villa Rein" by Queen Urraca to "Fernando Fernandiz…cum socia mea infans domna Elvira"[577], and by the charter dated 8 Jul 1117 under which "Fernanz Fernanniz…et uxor mea infanta donna Gelvira filia regis Alfonsi" donated "quartem partem de monasterio de Ferreries…in Gallicia in terra de Lemes juxta Pantonem" to Cluny[578].  Elvira´s second marriage is also indicated by the charter dated 18 Apr 1127 under which her mother "Ximena Munniz" donated property in "Trebalio et Turres" to "nepotis mei…Garcie Fernandiz"[579], and by the charter dated 1201 under which her great grand-daughter "Domna Xemena Osoriz" donated her property in Valdejunco, Valdunquillo, Villa Velasco, Fontamian, Villa Sanz, Carvajal, Villela, Otero, Mozos, Valdescapa, Barriales, Valle Vaniego, Ranero and in tierra de Cea to Sahagún monastery, naming "aviam tuam Infantem Gelviram"[580], although the document does not clarify which of the two "Infantas Elvira" is referred to.  On the other hand, Reilly[581] says that Elvira, wife of Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse, did not return to Castile until after the death of Queen Urraca.  As mentioned above, he maintains that the wife of Fernando Fernández was Elvira who was the daughter of King Alfonso VI by "Elisabeth".  As discussed above, it is more likely that the younger Elvira was the wife of Roger King of Sicily.  Canal Sánchez-Pangín concludes that the wife of Fernando Fernández was indeed the widow of Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse[582].  One difficulty is that Alphonse I Comte de Toulouse, son of Comte Raymond IV and Elvira, was declared of age only in 1121, although it is not known whether his mother acted as regent in Toulouse throughout his minority.  "Alvira Adefonso cum filiis meis" donated "civitate Cantavria…Sancti Vicencii de Lomba" to the knights of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 26 Jun 1125, the dating clause of which records "…comite Fernando Fernandus adiutor et defensor"[583].  "Infans Geloira...imperatoris Hispanie Adefonsi filia...cum filiis meis Garsia, Didaco et Tarasia" donated property "in Uilla Frontin" to León Santa María by charter dated 8 Sep 1133[584].  “Infans Geloira...imperatoris Hyspanie Adefonsi filia...cum filiis meis Didaco Fernandi et Tarasia” donated "in Villa Frontin" to León Cathedral, for the soul of “filii mei Garsia Fernandi”, by charter dated 18 Aug 1136[585].  The dating clauses of charters dated 24 Oct 1137, 1 Nov 1137, 20 Nov 1137, 6 Nov 1139, 1 Oct 1143, 1 Nov 1149, 6 Jun [1153], and 19 Jun [1156], which record donations to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, name "…Imperante Ribera donna Gelvira Infante"[586].  "Infans Geluira magni regis Adefonsi filia…cum filiis meis Didaco Fernandi et Taresia Fernandi" confirmed the rights of Astorga Cathedral over "monasterium…Sanctum Petrum de Forcellas" by charter dated 19 Jun 1142, confirmed by "comes domnus Ramirus, comes domnus Osorius, Didacus Munioz, comes domnus Fernandus"[587].  "Infante dompna Gelvira…domini Adefonsi regis filia" donated "in territorio de Ripeira…villa de Nozeta" to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, confirmed by "Didacus Fernandiz…quod…mater mea prefata infante domina Gelvira facit" and by "Adefonsus…Yspanie imperator…mater tere mee et filiorum eius…infans domina Sancia soror ipsius imperatoris", by charter dated 29 Apr 1150, subscribed by "Poncius comes…Osorius Martiniz comes…Nunno Petriz armiger regis…Vela Guterriz dominante Capreyra, Petro Roderiquiz, Roderico Roderiquiz, Petro Didaz…"[588].  Infantissa domina Aruira” donated "in Villa Frontine" to “Petro Diaz et uxor tua Marina Froilaz” by charter dated 28 Sep 1151, the dating clause of which reads “comes Pontio in Villa Alpando et in Villa Fafila, comes Oszoiro in Villa Lupos et in Uezella...[589]The necrology of León Cathedral records the death “XVII Kal Dec” of “infans domna Geloira[590].  m firstly (1094) as his third wife, RAYMOND IV Comte de Toulouse, son of PONS Comte de Toulouse & his second wife Almodis de la Marche (-Mount Pèlerin near Tripoli, Palestine 28 Feb 1105).  m secondly (before 30 Jun 1117, [separated before 1121[) [as his first wife,] FERNANDO Fernández, son of conde FERNANDO [Fernández] & his wife --- (-16 Jan 1126). 

6.          [Infanta doña] TERESA Alfonso ([1081/82]-1 Nov 1130)The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Jimena Muñoz" as the first of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their daughters "Elvira the wife of count Raymond of Toulouse…and Teresa the wife of Count Henry"[591].  Her birth date is estimated based on her having given birth to a child by her relationship with Fernando Pérez de Traba which started in 1124.  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Mar 1143 under which her daughter Sancha Enríquez property in Trobajo del Cerecedo, which she inherited from "avia mea dompna Hensemena Muñiz…et de mater mea eius filia regina dompna Teresa", to the parents of Juan Albertino Bishop of León[592].  The 13th century history of Sahagún monastery records that "el Rey D. Alonso…una hija…Teresa" married "un Conde…Enrique que venia de sangre Real de Francia"[593].  An early 12th century document at Fleury records that "Ainrico uni filiorum, filio…ducis Roberti" married "alteram filiam…non ex coniugali" of Alfonso VI King of Castile[594].  Comite Dono Henrico...cum uxore mea Infante Dona Taraxea” granted privileges to “Villa Constantin de Panonias”, confirmed by “Infans Dono Alfoso filius Henrici comiti et uxor mea Infante Dona Taraxia”, by charter dated 1096[595].  "…Taraxia Adefonsi regis filia…Henrik comes…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[596]Regent of Portugal 1112-1123.  Queen of Portugal 1113.  The Historia Compostelana records that “Fernando Perride, Petris Comitis filio” left his lawful wife and lived in adultery with “Regina Tarasia[597].  The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris records that Alfonso VII King of Castile met "Teresa queen of the Portuguese and with Count Fernando" at Ricobayo and made peace with them after his accession in 1126[598].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death “Kal Nov” in 1168 (1130) of “Regina Donna Tarasia mater Donni Alfonsi…anno secundo regni[599].  m (before 24 Aug 1092[600]) HENRI de Bourgogne, son of HENRI “le damoiseau” de Bourgogne [Capet] & his wife [Sibylla] [de Barcelona] ([1069/72]-killed in battle Astorga, León 22 May 1112, bur Braga Cathedral).  He may have arrived in Spain with the expedition of the Eudes I Duke of Burgundy in 1086/87, following a call from the abbey of Cluny to fight "the infidel"[601]Señor de Braga [1093], count in Tordesillas 1096/97.  The dating clause of a charter dated 9 Oct 1096, under which "Pelayo Xemeniz" donated land “en Ville Ceide...” to the monastery of San Salvador, records “Sanxus comes in Toro et alius comes domino Ancricco in Auctario de Selles, comes Remundus tenente in Coria et in Zamora[602].  The dating clause of a charter dated 19 Jan 1097, under which "Brabolio Gutierrez" sold land “en territorio de León las villas Cubillas” to “Ordoño Sarraciniz y a su mujer Fronilde Ovéquiz”, records “comes Raimundus in Galicia et in Zamora, comes domno Enrriz in Otero de Sellas, comite Petro Ansurez in Saldania[603].  He made a mutual pact in [Dec 1094/Jul 1095] with Raymond de Bourgogne, husband of Infanta Urraca de Castilla, under which he promised support in securing Castile and León for Raymond in return for a pledge to grant him Toledo (or in default, Galicia)[604].  Alfonso VI King of Castile made him a large grant of land, from the Río Miño in the north to Santarem in the south, in [1095/96], which in effect resulted in his installation as HENRIQUE Conde de Portugal.  This grant may have been motivated as much by a desire to offset the growing power of his son-in-law, Raymond de Bourgogne, as to increase the power base of Henri de Bourgogne.  Mistress: (1124) of FERNANDO Pérez de Traba Conde de Trastámara, son of PEDRO Froilaz de Traba & his first wife Urraca Froilaz. 

 

 

Infanta doña URRACA de Castilla y León, daughter of ALFONSO VI King of Castile and León & his second wife Constance de Bourgogne [Capet] (late 1080[605]-Saldaña 8 Mar 1126, bur León, Monastery of San Isidro).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Waracta filia imperatoris Fernandi"[606].  "…Urraca regis filia et Reimundi comiti uxor…" subscribed the charter dated 23 Mar 1103 under which "Adefonsus totius Ispanie imperator" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña with the consent of "uxoris mee Helisabet regine"[607].  "Infanta dna Urraca Adefonsi imperatoris filia et totius Gallecie domina" the monastery of San Andrés de Trobo to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 18 Dec 1107[608].  Her father declared her heiress to Castile in 1108 after the death of her half-brother Infante don Sancho.  She succeeded her father in 1109 as URRACA I Queen of Castile and León.  The Almoravides captured Toledo Aug 1109.  The country experienced a period of anarchy during her reign due to her constant disputes with her second husband.  She was also faced with the attacks by her half-sister Teresa of Portugal, ambitious to replace her as Queen of Castile.  "Urraca totius Yspanie regina" confirmed the donation of the monastery of San Andrés de Trobo to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 14 May 1112[609].  By 1116, Queen Urraca had succeeded in re-establishing control over most of Castile.  "Urracha…Ispanie regina, regis Aldefonsi regineque Constantie filia" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 26 Mar 1119, confirmed by "Adefonsus rex, filius…regine, Infantissa domna Sancia, regine germana, Infantissa domna Sancia regine filia, Xemeno Lopez dapifer regine, Garsia Inniguez, Xemeno Inniguez, Petrus Gonsalvi comes, Rodericus Gonsalvi, Fernandus Garsie maior, Fernandus Garsie minor…"[610].  "Urraka…Ispanie regina, regis Adefonis regineque Constancie filia" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Nicholai…in Villa Franca" to Cluny by charter dated 21 Aug 1120[611].  "Urraca totius Ispanie regina et Aldefonsi imperatoris filia" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 13 Apr 1121, confirmed by "Gomez Castelanus comes, Rodericus Asturianus comes, Fernandus Garcies, Petrus Alvares…"[612].  The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris records the death of Queen Urraca in 1126 after reigning for sixteen years, eight months and seven days, and her burial in León in the royal pantheon[613].  The Chronicon Burgense records the death in 1126 of “Urraca Regina[614].  The Chronicon Compostellani records the death “apud Saldaña VI Id Mar” in 1126 of “Urraca…in partu adulterini filii[615].  Orderic Vitalis also reports that Urraca died "in a difficult childbirth"[616], although this seems unlikely considering her age. 

m firstly (betrothed [Summer 1087], Toledo [1 May 1092/Jan 1093]) RAIMOND de Bourgogne Comte d’Amous, son of GUILLAUME I Comte de Bourgogne & his wife Etiennette --- ([1070]-Grajal [13/20] Sep 1107, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Raymundem in Hispania comitem" as brother of "Hugo…Bisuntinensis archiepiscopus", when recording the latter's appointment as archbishop[617], although in a later passage the same source records "comitis Raymundi" as "fratris comitis Pontii de Tolosa"[618] which is inconsistent with other sources.  "Wilelmus comes Burgundie" names "Rainaldi et Raimundi filiorum meorum" in his donation to Cluny dated [1086][619].  "Raymundus…Burgundie comes filius Willermi…comitis" donated property to Saint-Bénigne de Dijon by charter dated to [1087/92] subscribed by "Hugonis archiepiscopi Bisuntini fratris mei, Stephani comitis fratris mei"[620].  Comte d'Amous.  He joined the expedition of the Eudes I Duke of Burgundy to Spain in 1086/87, following a call from the abbey of Cluny to fight "the infidel"[621].  Reilly suggests that he was betrothed after the failure to capture Tudela in Summer 1087, when he speculates that the Burgundians would have visited the court of Castile[622].  Raymond remained in Castile following his betrothal to Infanta Urraca.  "Adefonsus rex Legionis et totius Hispanie imperator atque Fredenandi filius regis" granted privileges to Santiago de Compostela, with the advice of "generis mei comitis domini Raimundi", by charter dated 28 Jan 1090[623].  "Raymondus gener regis" confirmed the donation by "Adefonsus…Hispaniarum rex…cum coniuge mea Constantia regina" of property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 1 May 1092[624].  Conde de Galicia y Coimbra [before 1093], his father-in-law transferred the newly acquired cities of Lisbon, Santarém and Cintra to him in May 1093.  Governor of the city of Toledo.  He made a mutual pact [Dec 1094/Jul 1095] with Henri de Bourgogne, Conde de Portugal, pledging to grant him Toledo (or in default, Galicia) in return for his support in securing Castile and León for Raimond[625].  Conde in Coria and Zamora: the dating clause of a charter dated 9 Oct 1096, under which "Pelayo Xemeniz" donated land “en Ville Ceide...” to the monastery of San Salvador, records “Sanxus comes in Toro et alius comes domino Ancricco in Auctario de Selles, comes Remundus tenente in Coria et in Zamora[626].  Conde in Galicia and Zamora: the dating clause of a charter dated 19 Jan 1097, under which "Brabolio Gutierrez" sold land “en territorio de León las villas Cubillas” to “Ordoño Sarraciniz y a su mujer Fronilde Ovéquiz”, records “comes Raimundus in Galicia et in Zamora, comes domno Enrriz in Otero de Sellas, comite Petro Ansurez in Saldania[627]Conde de Grajal Jan 1098[628].  "Raimundus comes frater comitis Stephani" donated property to Cluny by charter dated [1100][629].  He established his principal stronghold in the castle of Grajal in 1102[630].  By this time, Raymond had acquired a commanding position in Castile as husband of the heir presumptive to the throne.  A funeral elegy of "domnus Raymundus comes Hispanie qui de stirpe comitum Burgundie ortus" is recorded in the cartulary of Saint-Bénigne-de-Dijon in a charter dated 20 Sep 1107 which names "Hugo frater suus Bisuntinus archiepiscopus"[631]

Mistress of (1): conde GÓMEZ González, son of GONZALO Salvadórez & his wife Sancha Gómez (-killed in battle Candespina, near Sepúlveda 26 Oct 1110 or 1111).  The Crónica Latina records that “el conde Gómez, llamado de Candespina” was “excesivamente y más de lo que convenía familiar a la reina” and was killed in battle against Alfonso I King of Aragon at Sepúlveda[632]

m secondly (Monzón Castle early Oct 1109, separated 1114, annulled for consanguinity 1115) ALFONSO I King of Aragon and Navarre, “el Batallador” son of SANCHO I Ramírez King of Aragon & his second wife Félicie de Roucy (Jaca 1083-Almuniente 7 Sep 1134, bur Montearagón, Monastery of Jesus de Nazareth, transferred 1845 to San Pedro el Viejo, Huesca).  The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records the marriage of "Ildefonsum" and "filiam Alfonsi Regis Castellæ…Urracam"[633].  Their marriage was annulled on grounds of consanguinity. 

Mistress of (2): conde PEDRO González de Lara, son of GONZALO Núñez de Lara & his wife Goto --- ([1085]-Bayonne 16 Oct 1130).  Alférez of Alfonso VI King of Castile 30 Sep 1107 to 10 Sep 1109.  The Crónica Latina records that the queen accepted “la excesiva familiaridad del conde Pedro de Lara, padre del conde Malrico, del conde Nuño y del conde Álvaro” and that it was said that they had “un hijo llamado Fernando Hurtado[634]His relationship with Queen Urraca probably started in [1112/14].  Szabolcs de Vajay states that there is no evidence for a secret marriage between Queen Urraca and Pedro González de Lara[635]

Queen Urraca & her first husband had two children:

1.         Infanta doña SANCHA de Castilla y León (before 11 Nov 1095 or after 1102-León 28 Feb 1159, bur León, Monastery of San Isidro).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Sanctiam..ad quam extat una beati Bernardi epistola" as sister of "rex Aldefonsus Hispanie imperator"[636].  Reilly cites a charter of Infanta Elvira dated 11 Nov 1095 in which Sancha is named[637].  It is possible that the dating of this document is suspect as an interval of more than ten years before the birth of her younger brother would be surprising.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[638], she was born "after 1102".  "Infan dona Sansia filia comite Reimondus et regina dona Urraka et…Gonzaluo Aluarici et uxor tua Maria Pelaici" donated the town of Vilela to the monastery of Eslonza by charter dated 27 Sep 1120[639].  "Infans domina Sancia…comitis domni Raimundi et Urracce regine filia" donated "[monasterio] Sancti Michaelis de Scalata" to Cluny by charter dated 23 Jun 1124, the dating clause referring to the rule of "comes Petrus Gonzalvit in Lara et in Turre de Mont Molion, comes Fernandus in Malgrado, comes Sudarius in Luna, Rodrigus Martiniz in Melgar…infans domina Sancia in Graliare et comes Bertran in Carrione"[640].  She was an adviser to her brother King Alfonso.  "…Infanta dna Sancia, Infans dns Adefonsus regis consanguineus…" subscribed the charter dated 13 Nov 1127 under which King Alfonso VII donated "el castillo de San Jorge en la Sierra del Pindo" to Santiago de Compostela[641].  "Adefonsus Hispanie imperator…cum uxore mea Berengaria" donated "monasterium Sancti Petri de Cardigna" to Cluny by charter dated 29 Jul 1142, confirmed by "Sancia soror imperatoris infantissa…"[642].  She founded the monastery of la Espina near Valladolid in 1147[643].  "Infans domina Sancia" listed fueros of Covarrubias by charter dated 19 Apr 1148[644].  "Sancia regina comitis Raimundi et Urrache regine regia proles" donated "medietate de Uilarelio" to Eslonza monastery by charter dated 25 Jan 1155[645].  "Regina Sancia comitis Raymundi et regine Urrache regia proles" donated an inn near Mucientes to Sahagún monastery by charter dated 15 Mar 1158, subscribed by "Regina Urracha de Asturias, Stephania Infantissa filia imperatoris…"[646]

2.         Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León ([Grajal], Galicia 1 Mar 1105-Fresneda 21 Aug 1157, bur Toledo, Cathedral Santa María).  The Anales Toledanos record the birth 1 Mar 1106 of “El Rey D. Alfonso, fillo del Conde D. Raymondo è de Doña Urraca[647].  Crowned King of Galicia 19 Sep 1111 at Santiago de Compostela.  He was proclaimed ALFONSO VII “el Emperador” King of Castile, León and Toledo in 1112. 

-        see below

Queen Urraca had illegitimate children by conde PEDRO González de Lara:  

-        LARA

 

 

 

B.      KINGS of CASTILE and LEÓN 1112-1217 (BOURGOGNE-COMTE)

 

 

Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León, son of URRACA Queen of Castile and León & her first husband Raymond de Bourgogne [Comté] ([Grajal], Galicia 1 Mar 1105-Fresneda 21 Aug 1157, bur Toledo, Cathedral Santa María)The Anales Toledanos record the birth 1 Mar 1106 of “El Rey D. Alfonso, fillo del Conde D. Raymondo è de Doña Urraca[648].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "rex Aldefonsus Hispanie imperator" as son of "comitis Raymundi…ex Waracta filia imperatoris Fernandi"[649].  Crowned King of Galicia 17 Sep 1111 at Santiago de Compostela.  He was proclaimed ALFONSO VII “el Emperador” King of Castile, León and Toledo in 1112[650].  "Hildefonsus Raymundi…rex" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 27 Nov 1116, confirmed by "Illa infanta regis germana, Guillelmus comes de Moretegni, Iohannes Reynnitz, Petrus Ansuriz comes…"[651].  He styled himself "imperator" for the first time 9 Dec 1117[652].  He ruled under the tutelage of Pedro Froilaz Conde de Traba and his mother until 1119, although he only assumed effective personal rule after his mother's death in 1126.  "Aldefonsus Hyspanie imperator…cum uxore mea regina Berengaria et Santia mea germana" donated "abbatiam Sancti Facundi et Primitivi" to Cluny by charter dated 7 Sep 1132[653].  King of Zaragoza 1134.  He was crowned Emperor 26 May 1135 at León.  He negotiated peace with both Aragon and Navarre, with a view to concentrating his military efforts on the reconquest.  "Adefonsus Hispanie imperator…cum uxore mea Berengaria" donated "monasterium Sancti Petri de Cardigna" to Cluny by charter dated 29 Jul 1142[654].  "Adefonsus Hispanie imperator…cum uxore mea Berengaria" confirmed the donation to Cluny of "monasterium Sancti Salvatoris de Bodinio" to Cluny as requested by "comitis Gomes" by charter dated Aug 1142[655].  "Adefonsus imperator Hispanie…cum uxore mea Berengaria" donated "ecclesiam sancti Vincentii de Salamantica" to Cluny by charter dated 29 Oct 1143, confirmed by "Sancius imperatoris major filius…Rodericus Gomez comes, Poncius de Cabreria comes, Guterrus Fernandez, Rodericus Fernandez, Didacus Munioz majordomus imperatoris, Garsias Royz majorinus imperatoris in Burgus"[656].  He captured Almería (1147), Tortosa (1148), and Jaén (1157) from the Muslims, though they recaptured Almería before he died.  “Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ...cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus” donated property to the bishop of Segovia by charter dated 28 Jan 1155[657].  "Aldefonsus…tocius Hyspanie imperator…cum uxore mea imperatrice domna Rica et…filiis meis Sanctio et Ferrando regibus" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 28 Oct 1155, confirmed by "Comes Rudericus Petriz, Garcia Garçiaz de Aza, Veremundus Petriz, Garcia Gumez, Gonsalvuz Ruderiz, Alvaros Ruderiz, Comes Gonsalvus Fernandi, Dicados Ferrandiz de Bonelas maiorinus in Burgis, Comes Almandricus tenens Bæciam, Comes Poncius maiordomus imperatoris, Comes Lupus, Comes Ranimirus, Comes Petrus Aldeffonsus, Gutierre Ferrandiz, Nunnus Petriz tenens Montor, Gundisalvus de Maranon alferiz imperatoris…"[658].  The Chronicon Burgense records the death in 1157 of “Alfonsus Imperator[659].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death in Sep 1195 (1157) of “D. Alfonsus Imperator, filius Comitis D. Raymundi et Reginæ D. Orracæ[660].  On his death, his lands were divided between his two sons. 

m firstly (Saldaña Nov 1128) BERENGUELA de Barcelona, daughter of RAMÓN BERENGUER [III] “el Grande” Conde de Barcelona & his wife Dulce/Dolça [I] Ctss de Provence ([1116]-Palencia 15/31 Jan 1149, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor).  The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris records the marriage of "Alfonso…king of León" and "the daughter of Ramón count of Barcelona…Berengaria" in 1128 at Saldaña[661].  The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium record the marriage of "Raimundi-Berengarii comitis…filiam" and "Ildefonso Toletano Imperatori"[662].  The testament of "Raimundus Berengarii…Barchinonensis comes et marchio" dated [8 Jul] 1130 names "Raimundo Berengarii filio meo…et filie mee ipsa de Castella et illa de Fuxo"[663].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Berengariam atque Richam" as the wives of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis"[664].  The Anales Toledanos record the death in Feb 1149 of “la Emperadriz[665]

m secondly ([Oct/Dec] 1152) as her first husband, RYKSA of Silesia, daughter of WŁADYSŁAW II “Wygnaniec/the Exile” Prince of Krakow and Silesia & his wife Agnes of Austria [Babenberg] ([1130/40]-16 Jun [1185]).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Berengariam atque Richam" as the wives of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis"[666].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and her three marriages has not yet been identified.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Rikissam", daughter of "regi Russie nomine Musuch" & his wife "Rikissam [filiam ducis Vergescelai de Polonia]", as wife firstly of "imperatoris Castelle Alfunso" and subsequently of "comiti Aragonensi et post comiti Alberto de Everstein ultra Coliniam"[667], contradicting other sources in many aspects.  She was known as RIQUILDA in Spain[668], or RICA.  “Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ...cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus” donated property to the bishop of Segovia by charter dated 28 Jan 1155[669].  She married secondly (1161) Raymond Bérenger II Comte de Provence, and thirdly (after 1166) Albert [III] Graf von Everstein

Mistress (1): ([1130/32]) GONTRODO Pérez, wife of GUTIERRE Sebastiániz, daughter of conde PEDRO Díaz de Valle & his wife María Ordóñez (-León 29 Jun 1186, Santa María de Vega near Oviedo).  The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris records that King Alfonso VII "took a concubine…Guntroda, the daughter of Pedro Díaz and María Ordóñez…who belonged to the greatest family of the Asturians and the Tinians", dated to [1130/32] from the context[670].  “Gontrodo Petri...cum domina mea, et filia Urraca” donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Vega near Oviedo by charter dated 13 Oct 1153[671].  She became a nun at the monastery of Santa María de Vega near Oviedo[672]Florez reproduces the epitaph in the same monastery which records the death in 1186 of “Guntrodo[673]

Mistress (2): ([1139/48])  URRACA Fernández de Castro, widow of conde RODRIGO Martínez, daughter of FERNANDO García [de Castro] Señor de Hita y Uceda & his second wife Estefanía Armengol de Urgel ([1120]-after 1165).  Alfonso VII King of Castile granted the villa de Amusco to "comitissa domina Vrracha uxore comitis Roderici Martinez" in exchange for other properties by charter dated 21 Jan 1139[674].  Alfonso VII King of Castile granted property to "Domne Vrrache Ferrandez comitisse" by charter dated 9 Sep 1140[675].  Alfonso VII King of Castile granted property to "comitisse domna Vrracha Fernandez…et post filia uestra et mea" in exchange for other properties by charter dated 3 Feb 1148[676]Petrus Fernandiz et soror mea Urraca Fernandiz et uxor mea Maria Pedriz...cum filiis et filiabus nostris” donated “sancte Crucis de Valcarcer” to Santa María de Aguilar de Campoo by charter dated 4 Aug 1165[677]

King Alfonso VII & his first wife had [seven] children:

1.         Infante don SANCHO de Castilla (1134-Toledo 31 Aug or 1 Sep 1158, bur Toledo, Cathedral Santa María)The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Fernandum, Elisabeth et Beatiam" as the children of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis" and his wife "Berengariam"[678].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "rex Sanctius" as son of "rex Aldefonsus Hispanie imperator"[679]. Called King of Nájera from 1149.  He succeeded his father in 1157 as SANCHO III "el Deseado" King of Castile and Toledo.   

-        see below

2.         Infante don RAMÓN de Castilla y León (before 12 Apr 1136-young).  A charter dated 12 Apr 1136 names “Raymundo filio Adefonsi imperatoris et domine Berengarie[680]Szabolcs de Vajay says “bearing the name of his paternal grandfather, he is presumed to have been the second-born son of the royal couple[681]Barton & Fletcher says that the birth of Infante Ramón may have prompted the rebellion of conde Pedro González de Lara, stating that he was the first son and implying that he was born before Jan 1130[682].  No supporting source is quoted.  However, such an early date for his birth would be surprising considering the probable birth date of his mother Berenguela. 

3.         Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (1137-Benavente 22 Jan 1188, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor)The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Fernandum, Elisabeth et Beatiam" as the children of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis" and his wife "Berengariam"[683].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Fernando" as brother of "rex Sanctius"[684].  He succeeded his father in 1157 as FERNANDO II King of León, Galicia and Extremadura.   

-        see Chapter 3.  KINGS of LEÓN

4.         Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Castilla ([1138]-6 Oct 1160, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Fernandum, Elisabeth et Beatiam" as the children of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis" and his wife "Berengariam", specifying that "Elisabeth" (error for Constantia) married "Ludovico Regi Francorum"[685].  The second marriage of King Louis is recorded by Matthew of Paris, who calls his wife daughter of "Aldefonsi regis Hispaniæ cuius regni caput civitas est Tholetum"[686].  She was consecrated Queen Consort in 1154 at Orléans, église Sainte-Croix.  She died in childbirth.  Ralph de Diceto´s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1160 the death of “regina Francorum” in childbirth[687].  Ralph de Diceto´s Ymagines Historiarum record in 1160 that “regina Francorum filia Athelfunsi imperatoris Hispaniarum” died while giving birth to a daughter who survived (“incolumi filia”)[688].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "II Non Oct" of "Constantia regina filia regis Hispanie"[689]m (Cathedral of Sainte Croix, Orléans [Jan/Jul] 1154) as his second wife, LOUIS VII King of France, son of LOUIS VI King of France & his [second] wife Adélaïde de Maurienne [Savoie] (1120-Paris, Palais Royal de la Cité 18/19 Sep 1180, bur Abbaye cistercienne de Notre-Dame-de-Barbeaux near Fontainebleau, transferred 1817 to l'église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). 

5.         Infanta doña SANCHA Infanta de Castilla ([1139]-5 Aug 1177, bur Pamplona, Cathedral Santa María)The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Fernandum, Elisabeth et Beatiam" as the children of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis " and his wife "Berengariam", it being unclear whether "Beatiam" was an error for Sancha or whether it refers to another daughter not recorded elsewhere[690].  The Anales Toledanos record the death in Aug 1177 of “la Reyna de Navarra, filla del Emperador[691].  The "Corónicas" Navarras record the death "Non Aug" in 1179 of "Sancha…regina Navarre"[692]m (Carrión de los Condes 20 Jul 1153) SANCHO VI “el Sabio” King of Navarre, son of GARCÍA IV King of Navarre & his first wife Marguerite de l’Aigle (1132-Pamplona 27 Jun 1194, bur Pamplona, Cathedral Santa María). 

6.         Infante don GARCÍA de Castilla (before Mar 1142-[12 Sep/Dec] [1146], bur Benedictine monastery of San Salvador de Oña).  "Santius et…Fredinandus et Garsias filii ymperatories" confirmed the charter dated 12 Sep 1142 under which Alfonso VII King of Castile donated "uillam…Taranna" to "Martino Didaci"[693].  "Sancius et…Fernandus et Garsias filii imperatoris…" confirmed the charter dated 19 Aug 1146 under which Alfonso VII King of Castile donated "ecclesiam…sanctam Mariam de Uelerda" to "Martino Didaci"[694].  The Annales Compostellani record the death in 1145 of “Garsias Infans, filius Ald. Imperatoris[695], although the date must be incorrect if the charter dated 19 Aug 1146 in which García is named is correctly dated. 

7.         [Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla ([1144/46]-before Jan 1149, bur Toledo, Cistercian monastery of San Clemente el Real).  The primary source in which he is named has not yet been identified.  Florez says that “otro hijo...D. Alfonso, murió niño: y yace en el Coro de las Monjas de S. Clemente de Toledo[696].] 

King Alfonso VII & his second wife had two children:

8.         Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla (1153-Toledo 1157 before 21 Aug, bur Toledo, Cistercian monastery of San Clemente el Real).  Szabolcs de Vajay refers to his epitaph which confirms that he predeceased his father: “...sepulchro quod olim pater dederat restitutus est[697]

9.         Infanta doña SANCHA de Castilla (1155-Sijena 9 Nov 1208, bur Sijena, monastery of Nuestra Señora).  The "Corónicas" Navarras name "la filla del Emperador dona Sancha" as the wife of "el rey don Alfonso d'Aragón"[698]The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records the marriage of "Ildefonsus" and "Sanciam…filiam Imperatoris Magni Ildefonsi de Castellæ"[699].  Her name is confirmed in the charter dated 24 Feb 1212 under which Pedro II King of Aragon "filio Sanctiæ…Reginæ Aragonum" granted property to "Guillelmo de Montepessulano…filius Agnetis feminæ"[700].  She founded the Hospitaller priory of nuns of Nuestra Señora at San Juan de Sijena in 1188, and became a nun there herself in 1197.  The Anales Toledanos record the death in 1208 of “la Reyna Doña Sancha Daragon, filla del Emperador” and her burial “en Sixena[701]m (Zaragoza 18 Jan 1174) ALFONSO II “el Casto” King of Aragon Conde de Barcelona, son of RAMÓN BERENGUER IV Conde de Barcelona & his wife Petronilla Queen of Aragon (Villamayor del Valle, Huesca 1/25 Mar 1157-Perpignan 25 Apr 1195, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora). 

King Alfonso VII had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

10.       doña URRACA Alfonso de Castilla “la Asturiana” (1132-Palencia 26 Oct 1164, bur Palencia, Cathedral San Antolín)The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris names "Urraca" as the daughter of King Alfonso VII and his "concubine…Guntroda", recording that she was brought up by the king's sister Infanta Sancha[702].  The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris records the marriage of King García and "his [=King Alfonso VII] daughter Infanta Urraca whom he had fathered by Guntroda, the daughter of Pedro Asturiano" on 24 Jun 1144 in León[703].  "Garsias…Pampilonensium rex…cum uxore mea Urraka regina" donated property to the church of Santa María de las Dueñas by charter dated to [1144/50][704].  She returned to her mother's family in Asturias after her first husband died[705]Gontrodo Petri...cum domina mea, et filia Urraca” donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Vega near Oviedo by charter dated 13 Oct 1153[706].  m firstly (León 24 Jun 1144) as his second wife, GARCÍA VI Ramírez “el Restaurador” King of Navarre, son of RAMIRO Sánchez [de Navarra] Señor de Monzón & his wife Elvira [Cristina] Rodríguez ([1105]-Lorca, Navarra 25 Nov 1150, bur Pamplona, Cathedral Santa María).  m secondly (before 1163) as his second wife, ÁLVARO Rodríguez de Castro, son of RODRIGO Fernández de Castro & his wife Eilo Álvarez (-after 3 Nov 1187, bur San Cristóbal de Ibeas).  Señor de Chantada.  Governor in Asturias 1150-1171.  Alférez of Fernando II King of León 23 Mar 1169 and mayordomo mayor 1173-1174. 

King Alfonso VII had one illegitimate child Mistress (2):

11.       ESTEFANÍA Alfonso “la Desdichada” (before 3 Feb 1148-murdered 1 Jul 1180, bur León, monastery of San Isidro)Her parentage and marriage is confirmed by Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada who records that “Fernandum [=Fernandus Roderici agnomine Castellanus]” married secondly, after repudiating his first wife, “post paucos dies rex Fernandus sororem suam...Stephaniam[707].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Fernan Roiz de Castro" married "D. Estevaina…el Emperador…hija", adding that she was killed by her husband who mistook her servant, who was dressed in her mistress´s clothes to meet a lover, for her[708].  Alfonso VII King of Castile granted property to "comitisse domna Vrracha Fernandez…et post filia uestra et mea" in exchange for other properties by charter dated 3 Feb 1148[709].  "Regina Sancia comitis Raymundi et regine Urrache regia proles" donated an inn near Mucientes to Sahagún monastery by charter dated 15 Mar 1158, subscribed by "Regina Urracha de Asturias, Stephania Infantissa filia imperatoris…"[710].  m (1168) as his second wife, FERNANDO Rodríguez de Castro “el Castellano” Señor de la casa de Castro, son of RODRIGO Fernández de Castro & his wife Eilo Álvarez ([1125]-1185 after 16 Aug).  Governor in Cuéllar, Dueñas, Valladolid, Toro and Asturias.  Señor del Infantado de León, Alcalde of the cities of León and Toledo.  Mayordomo Mayor of Alfonso VIII King of Castile 15 Aug 1162-6 Sep 1164 and 19 Oct 1165-15 May 1166. 

 

 

Infante don SANCHO de Castilla, son of ALFONSO VII "el Emperador" King of Castile and León & his first wife Berenguela de Barcelona (1134-Toledo 31 Aug or 1 Sep 1158, bur Toledo, Cathedral Santa María).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Fernandum, Elisabeth et Beatiam" as the children of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis" and his wife "Berengariam"[711].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "rex Sanctius" as son of "rex Aldefonsus Hispanie imperator"[712]. Don Gutierre Fernández de Castro was named his tutor from his birth[713].  "Santius et…Fredinandus et Garsias filii ymperatories" confirmed the charter dated 12 Sep 1142 under which Alfonso VII King of Castile donated "uillam…Taranna" to "Martino Didaci"[714].  "Adefonsus imperator Hispanie…cum uxore mea Berengaria" donated "ecclesiam sancti Vincentii de Salamantica" to Cluny by charter dated 29 Oct 1143, confirmed by "Sancius imperatoris major filius…"[715].  "Sancius et…Fernandus et Garsias filii imperatoris…" confirmed the charter dated 19 Aug 1146 under which Alfonso VII King of Castile donated "ecclesiam…sanctam Mariam de Uelerda" to "Martino Didaci"[716].  Called King of Nájera from 1149[717].  “Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ...cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus” donated property to the bishop of Segovia by charter dated 28 Jan 1155[718].  "Rex Sancius…domni Adefonsi imperatoris filius" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 14 Mar 1155, confirmed by "Regina domna Blanca uxor regis, Comes Almanricus, Comes Poncius maiordomus regis, Fortun Lopiz de Soria…"[719].  He succeeded his father in 1157 as SANCHO III "el Deseado" King of Castile and Toledo.  He negotiated a peace treaty with his brother at Sahagún 1158 to avoid further family conflicts which had until then marred the history of Castile.  The Chronicon Burgense records the death in 1158 of “Rex Sancius filius Imperatoris[720]The Anales Toledanos record the death “el postrimer dia Dagosto” in 1158 of “el Rey D. Sancho fillo del Emperador[721].  The Annales Compostellani record the death “Kal Sep” in 1158 of “Sancius filius Aldephonsi Imperatoris[722]

m (Calahorra 30 Jan 1151) Infanta doña BLANCA de Navarra, daughter of GARCÍA VI “el Restaurador” King of Navarre & his first wife Marguerite de l’Aigle ([1137]-12 Aug 1156, bur Nájera, Cathedral Santa María de Real).  The Annales Compostellani record the death “II Id Aug” in 1146 of “Regina Branca mater istius Aldefonsi Regis Castellæ…filia Garsiæ Regis Navarræ[723], although the year is clearly incorrect.  "Rex Sancius…domni Adefonsi imperatoris Hyspanie filius" donated "[monasterium] beate Marie de Naigara" to Cluny by charter dated 30 Aug 1156 "pro remedio…mulieris mee…regine domne Blanche quam in Jagarensi ecclesia sepelire feci"[724]

King Sancho III & his wife had three children: 

1.         son ([1153/54]-[1153/55]).  Szabolcs de Vajay refers to a donation by King Alfonso VIII to San Pedro de Soria where “sepultura regum fratrum meorum...adornari cognosco”, indicating that the king had more than one brother[725].  If this is correct, the chronology dictates that he must have been born before King Alfonso. 

2.         Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla (Soria 11 Nov 1155-Gutiérre Múñoz near Arévalo 6 Oct 1214, bur Cistercian monastery Santa María la Real “de las Huelgas” near Burgos)The Anales Toledanos record the birth “noche de S. Martin…Viernes” in 1155 of “el Rey D. Alfonso[726].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Aldefonsus rex Castelle et Toliti" as son of "rex Sanctius"[727].  He succeeded his father in 1158 as ALFONSO VIII “el Noble/él de las Navas” King of Castile, Toledo and Extremadura. 

-        see below

3.         Infante don GARCÍA de Castilla (b and d Soria 24 Jun 1156, bur Soria, monastery of San Pedro).  He must have been born prematurely if the date of birth of his older brother is correct.  Szabolcs de Vajay refers to a donation by King Alfonso VIII to San Pedro de Soria where “sepultura regum fratrum meorum...adornari cognosco[728].  The primary source which records his name has not been identified. 

 

 

Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla, son of SANCHO III "el Deseado" King of Castile & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Navarra (Soria 11 Nov 1155-Gutiérre Múñoz near Arévalo 6 Oct 1214, bur Cistercian monastery Santa María la Real “de las Huelgas” near Burgos)The Anales Toledanos record the birth “noche de S. Martin…Viernes” in 1155 of “el Rey D. Alfonso[729].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Aldefonsus rex Castelle et Toliti" as son of "rex Sanctius"[730].  He succeeded his father 1158 as ALFONSO VIII “el Noble/él de las Navas” King of Castile, Toledo and Extremadura.  His father's choice of Gutierre Fernández de Castro as tutor of Infante don Alfonso was challenged by the Lara family after the infant's accession, which triggered a war of rivalry in Castile between the Castro and Lara families[731].  He ruled through the regency of his uncle Fernando II King of León until 1169, disputed by the Castro and Lara families.  "Aldefonsus…Toleti, Castella et extremature rex et dominus" granted holiday days to "monasterio Sancti Zoyli de Carrione" to Cluny by charter dated [11 Nov] 1169[732].  Recaptured Álava, Vizcaya and Guipúzcoa from the Moors.  Defeated at Alarcón 18 Jul 1195 by the King of Morocco who helped the Almohades defend Seville.  Taking advantage of his weakness, the Kings of Navarre and León invaded Castile, all parties being reconciled 1199 and agreeing to fight the Moors as a common cause.  Alfonso VIII successfully led another crusade against the Almohades, culminating in victory at the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa 1212.  King Alfonso VIII was the first king to bear the arms of Castile.  The Annales Compostellani record the death “III Non Oct” in 1214 of “Aldefonsus Rex Castellæ[733].  The Chronicon Bernardi Iterii records the death 15 Oct 1214 of "Ildefonsus rex de Castella"[734]The Anales Toledanos record the death 5 Oct 1214 “en una aldea de Avila” of “el Rey D. Alfonso[735]. 

m (Betrothed [1168/69], Burgos Sep, before 17, 1177) ELEANOR of England, daughter of HENRY II King of England & his wife Eléonore Dss d’Aquitaine (Domfront, Normandy 13 Oct 1162-Burgos 25 Oct 1214, bur Cistercian monastery Santa María la Real “de las Huelgas” near Burgos).  Her betrothal to "Aldefonso regi Castellæ" is recorded by Matthew of Paris in 1168[736].  Ralph de Diceto´s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1169 that “Alienor filia regis” married “Adelfunso regi Castellæ[737].  Robert of Torigny records the marriage in 1170 of "Alienor filia Henrici regis Anglorum" and "Amfurso imperatore", commenting that he was not yet fifteen years old[738].  Alfonso VIII King of Castile "cum uxore mea Alionor regina et cum filiabus meis Berengaria et Sancia Infantissis" exchanged property with the Templars by charter dated 26 Jan 1183[739].  The Crónica Latina records that “el rey de Castilla” married “la hija del…rey Enrique, doña Leonor” and that his father-in-law had promised him Gascony[740].  The Annales Compostellani record the death “II Kal Nov” in 1214 of “Regina Alienor uxor Aldefonsi Regis Castellæ[741]The Anales Toledanos record the death “viernes el postrimo dia de Octubre” in 1214 of “la Reyna Doña Lionor, muggier del Rey D. Alfonso[742]. 

King Alfonso VIII & his wife had [thirteen] children: 

1.         Infanta doña BERENGUELA de Castilla (Burgos Jan/Jun 1180-Las Huelgas, near Burgos 8 Nov 1246, bur Las Huelgas, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis", specifying that Berengaria was wife of "regi Legionensi id est regi Galicie…Alfunsus" and mother of "Fernandum successorem regis parvi in Castella et Toledo" and recording their marriage was initially permitted by Pope Innocent III despite consanguinity but subsequently prohibited, after which Berengaria became a Cistercian nun at Burgos[743].  Her date of birth is calculated from Robert of Torigny recording the birth "circa Pascha" in 1181 of "filium Sancius" to "Alienor filia regis Anglorum uxor Anfulsi regis de Castella", stating that she had previously had one daughter[744].  Alfonso VIII King of Castile "cum uxore mea Alionor regina et cum filiabus meis Berengaria et Sancia Infantissis" exchanged property with the Templars by charter dated 26 Jan 1183[745].  The Annales Compostellani record that “Rex Aldef.” betrothed “filias suas” in 1188[746].  The identity of Berenguela´s first husband is confirmed by the charter dated 14 Oct 1190 under which "Aldefonsus…rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Alienor regina et cum filio meo Ferrando" donated property to the abbey of Silos, which also refers to the marriage between "romani imperatoris filium Conradum" and "filiam suam Berengariam"[747].  The Crónica Latina records that “Conrado, hijo de Federico, emperador de los romanos” was betrothed to “el rey de Castilla…su hija doña Berenguela”, adding that she was barely eight years old at the time[748].  Her second marriage, arranged by her father as part of the peace process with León, caused religious fury because of the close relationship of the parties.  The Chronicon de Cardeña records that “Rey D. Alfonso de Leon” married “D. Alfonso…so fija Doña Berenguela[749].  The Crónica Latina records that “doña Berenguela, hija del rey de Castilla” was married to “el rey de León”, when peace was established being Castile and León following the defeat at the battle of Alarcos, despite being related in the second degree of consanguinity[750].  Pope Innocent III excommunicated the couple, placed Castile and León under an interdict, and eventually annulled the marriage though agreed that their children remained legitimate.  Infanta Berenguela became a nun at Las Huelgas in 1204, after separating from her husband.  Regent for her brother Enrique I 1214, she became heiress in her own right to Castile, Toledo and Extremadura on his death but immediately ceded her rights to her son Infante don Fernando.  She retired from public life in 1230, after transferring full power to her son.  The Chronicon de Cardeña records the death in 1240 of “la Reyna Doña Berenguela, madre del Rey D. Fernando[751].  The necrology of the Prieuré de Fontaines records the death "31 Oct" of "domina Berengeria, regina Castille et Toleti, soror domine Blanche Francorum regine"[752]m firstly (contract Seligenstadt 23 Apr 1188, marriage not consummated) KONRAD von Staufen Herzog von Rothenburg, son of Emperor FRIEDRICH I “Barbarossa” & his second wife Béatrice Ctss de Bourgogne (Feb/Mar 1172-murdered Durlach 15 Aug 1196, bur Kloster Lorsch).  He succeeded his brother in 1191 as KONRAD Duke of Swabiam secondly (Valladolid [1/16] Dec 1197, annulled 1204) as his second wife, her first cousin, ALFONSO IX King of León, son of FERNANDO II King of León & his first wife Infanta dona Urraca de Portugal (Zamora 15 Aug 1171-Villanueva de Sarría 24 Sep 1230, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor). 

2.         Infante don SANCHO Infante de Castilla (Burgos 5 Apr 1181-26 Jul 1181, bur Las Huelgas, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real).  Robert of Torigny records the birth "circa Pascha" in 1181 of "filium Sancius" to "Alienor filia regis Anglorum uxor Anfulsi regis de Castella"[753].  “Aldefonsus...Rex Castellæ et Toleti...cum uxore mea Alienor Regina et cum filio meo Rege Sancio” donated property to the bishop of Segovia by charter dated 31 May 1181[754]Adefonsus...Rex Castellæ et Toleti...cum uxore mea Alienor Regina et cum filio meo Rege Sancio” donated property to the monastery of Rocamador by charter dated 13 Jul 1181[755]

3.         Infante don ENRIQUE de Castilla (1182 before Jul-before Jan 1184).  The dating clause of a charter dated Jul 1182 records “regnante el Rey D. Alfonso...con su mugier Doña Lionor, con su fijo D. Anric[756]The dating of the document in which his sister Sancha is named suggests that they may have been twins.  

4.         Infanta doña SANCHA de Castilla (20/28 Mar 1182-[3 Feb 1184/16 Oct 1185], bur Las Huelgas, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real).  Alfonso VIII King of Castile "cum uxore mea Alionor regina et cum filiabus meis Berengaria et Sancia Infantissis" exchanged property with the Templars by charter dated 26 Jan 1183[757]

5.         Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla (before Jan 1184-young).  The dating clause of a charter dated Jan 1184 (“V Kal Feb Era 1222”) records “regnante rege Alfonso cum uxore sua regina Eleonor et filio suo Fernando[758]

6.         [Infante don SANCHO de Castilla ([1184/85]-1199).  Colmenares´s Historia de Segovia, written in [1620], records an urn “de fábrica moderna y piedra blanca” on the main altar of “la abadía de San Tui [nombrada] antes de San Audito” whose inscription states that it contains the ashes and bones of “D. D. Sanctii, cuiusdam regis Castellæ filii” who had retired from the world and followed a monastic life and died in 1199[759].  Colmenares suggests that this refers to “el infante Don Sancho, hijo del rey Don Alonso Noble” [presumably King Alfonso VIII].  He cites “las coronicas de la órden de Santiago” which record that “Don Fernando Diaz maestre de aquella orden, renunciado el maestrazgo año 1186 se retiró al convento de San Audito” and adds “acaso en compañia del infante”.  The Chronica de Sanctiago, written in 1572, to which Colmenares must be referring records that in 1186 “el Maestre don Fernan Diaz a instancia del Rey don Alonso” renounced “el Maestradgo” (after holding office for only two years) and that the king gave him “el Monesterio realengo de Sant Audito...para que viviesse alli con los Freyles de su Orden[760].  This information cannot be verified further.  However, it is not impossible that the queen gave birth in [1184/85] to a son named Sancho, who was severely handicapped, and that his father persuaded Maestro Fernando Díaz to resign his office to take care of the child and granted him the monastery where Sancho lived until his death a few years later.] 

7.         Infanta doña URRACA de Castilla ([1186/28 May 1187]-Coimbra 3 Nov 1220, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa María de Alcobaça).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis", specifying that Urraca was "regina Portugalie"[761]The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records that "Aldefonsum", son of "Sancius" & his wife, married "Urracam filiam Regis Castellæ…Aldefonsi"[762].  The testament of “Regina Portugaliæ Donna Urraca”, dated 31 Jul 1214, fearing her own death bequeathed half of her property to “viro meo Regi Domno Alphonso”, and made various religious donations[763].  “Alphonsus...Portugaliæ Rex...cum uxore mea Regina D. Urraca et filliis meis Infantibus Dono Sancio et Dono Alphonso et Dona Eleonor” granted property “in Ansede” to “Gunsalvo Gomes homini meo” by charter dated Jun 1217[764].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Alfonsus" was buried "Alcobacie cum uxore sua domna Urraca filia regis Castelle domni Alfonsi"[765]m (1206) Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal, son of SANCHO I “o Pobledor” King of Portugal & Infanta doña Dulcia de Aragón (Coimbra 23 Apr 1185-Coimbra 25 Mar 1223, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa María de Alcobaça).  He succeeded his father in 1212 as AFONSO II “o Gordo” King of Portugal

8.         Infanta doña BLANCA de Castilla (Palencia [1188/89] before 4 Mar-Paris 27 Nov 1252, bur Notre-Dame de Maubuisson)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Blanche Francie regina" as daughter of "filio…Sanctii rege", in a later passage recording the marriage in 1200 of "Ludovicus filius regis Francie" and "Blancham filiam Alphonsi regis Castelle neptem ex sorore regum Anglie Richardi et Iohannis"[766].  The dating clause of a charter dated 4 Mar 1190 (“era MCCXXVIII”), which records a donation to Arlanza, states “anno quo nata est Palentie infantissa Blanca de regina Alienor[767].  Blanca´s birth in 1190 appears inconsistent with the birth of her brother Fernando 29 Nov 1189.  Fernando´s birth makes 1189 improbable as well, unless Blanca was born very early in the year.  “[1188/89]” seems the best estimation, which is consistent with her having reached the age of 12 on her marriage.  As part of continuing Anglo/French peace negotiations, John King of England gave Infanta Blanca (who was his niece) as dowry Issoudun and Graçay en Berry, le Vexin, Evreux and 20,000 marcs of silver.  She was crowned Queen with her husband 6 Aug 1223.  Regent of France during the minority of her son King Louis IX 1226-1234, and also during his absence on crusade 1248 until her death.  An anonymous chronicle of the kings of France, written [1286/1314], records the death in 1252 of "Blanche...reine de France" and her burial "à l´abeïe de Maubuisson"[768]Her death is recorded by Matthew of Paris[769].  The necrology of Hôtel-Dieu at Provins records the death "IV Kal Dec" of "Blancha Francorum regina"[770].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "V Kal Dec" of "Blanche regina"[771]m (Abbaye de Port-Mort near Pont-Audemer, Normandy 23 May 1200) LOUIS de France, son of PHILIPPE II “Auguste” King of France & his first wife Isabelle de Hainaut (Paris, Palais Royal 3 Sep 1187-Château de Montpensier-en-Auvergne 8 Nov 1226, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  He succeeded his father in 1223 as LOUIS VIII King of France.  

9.         Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla (Cuenca 29 Nov 1189-Madrid 14 Oct 1211, bur Las Huelgas, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real).  The Anales Toledanos record the birth “en Miercores dia de S. Saturnin” in 1189 of “el Infant D. Ferrando[772].  The dating clause of a charter dated 16 Mar 1190 refers to “anno quo natus est...in civitate Concha rex Fredinandus filius...regis Aldefonsi et uxoris eius reginæ Alienor[773].  "Aldefonsus…rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Alienor regina et cum filio meo Ferrando" donated property to the abbey of Silos by charter dated 14 Oct 1190, which also refers to the marriage between "romani imperatoris filium Conradum" and "filiam suam Berengariam"[774].  He was named heir to the throne of Castile 2 Dec 1189.  He died "of a malignant fever" on returning from a campaign against the Moors in the Sierra de San Vicente[775].  The Annales Compostellani record the death “Id Oct” in 1211 of “Infans Fernandus filius Aldefonsi Regis Castellæ[776].  The Anales Toledanos record the death 14 Oct 1211 of “el Infant D. Ferrando[777].  The Crónica Latina records that “Fernando, hijo del rey” died in Madrid scarcely 15 days after returning from campaigning against the Moors and was buried “en el monasterio real…en Burgos[778]

10.      Infanta doña MAFALDA de Castilla (1191-Salamanca 1204, bur Salamanca Cathedral)Szabolcs de Vajay says that she “died at the point of becoming the fiancée of the Infante Fernando of León” (without citing the primary source on which this information is based) and refers to her tomb in Salamanca[779]Betrothed (1204) to Infante don FERNANDO de León, son of ALFONSO IX King of Leon & his first wife Infanta dona Teresa de Portugal ([1192/93]-Aug 1214, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral of Santiago el Mayor). 

11.      Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Castilla ([1195]-Las Huelgas 1243, bur monastery of Santa María la Real at Las Huelgas).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Berengariam et Blancam et Urracam et Alionoram et Constantiam" as the daughters of Alfonso VIII King of Castile and his wife, adding that Constanza became a nun[780].  Nun at the Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real at Las Huelgas 1217, later Abbess.

12.      Infanta doña LEONOR de Castilla ([1202]-Burgos 1244, bur monastery of Santa María la Real at Las Huelgas).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis", specifying that Leonor was "Arragonum regina"[781]The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records the marriage of Jaime I King of Aragon and "la filia del Rey de Castiella…Elionor", stating that the couple was separated on grounds of consanguinity and that Leonor was buried "en el monasterio de Beruela"[782].  She became a nun at Las Huelgas after her separation from her husband.  m (Agreda 6 Feb 1221, separated end Apr 1229 on grounds of consanguinity) as his first wife, JAIME I “el Conquistador” King of Aragon, Conde de Barcelona, son of PEDRO II King of Aragon & his wife Marie de Montpellier (Montpellier 1 Feb 1208-Valencia 27 Jul 1276, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora).

13.      Infante don ENRIQUE de Castilla (Valladolid 14 Apr 1204-Palencia 6 Jun 1217, bur Las Huelgas, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real)The Anales Toledanos record the birth 14 Apr 1204 of “el Infant D. Enric[783].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis"[784].  He became heir apparent in 1211 on the death of his older brother, and succeeded his father in 1214 as ENRIQUE I King of Castile, Toledo and Extremadura, under the regency firstly of his mother and, after three weeks, of his sister Berenguela.  Nobles and church leaders took advantage of the weakness of his rule, Álvar de Toledo assuming a position of tyrannical power.  The Annales Compostellani record the death in 1217 of “Enricus Rex Castellæ filius Aldefonsi Regis[785].  King Enrique died after being injured by a tile falling from a roof.  m (Burgos 1215 before 29 Aug, separated 1216 for consanguinity) Infanta dona MAFALDA de Portugal, daughter of SANCHO I “o Pobledor” King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Dulcia de Aragón (-Amarente, Rio Tinto 1 May 1256, bur Cistercian convent of Arouca).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Mafalda, D. Sancha…D. Blanca…D. Teresa…" as the daughters of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça", adding that Teresa was buried "en S. Cruz de Coimbra"[786].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[787].  She became Señora de Arouça after her separation from her husband.  Founder of, and a nun at, the Cistercian convent of Arouça near Lisbon.  The testament of “Regina Domna Mafalda”, dated 1256, chose burial “in monasterio de Arauca”, bequeathed property to “...Domnæ Orracæ Sancii sorori meæ...Domnæ Adaræ Petri...D. Majori Suerii...[et] filiam suam”, and appointed as her executors “Dominam Orracam Sancii sororem meam et Dominam Eldaram consanguineam meam...[788].  Beatified 27 Jun 1793 by Pope Pius VI[789]Betrothed ([1216]) to his second cousin Infanta doña SANCHA de León, daughter of ALFONSO IX King of León & his first wife Infanta dona Teresa de Portugal (Autumn 1191-Villabuena before 1243, bur monastery of Villabuena de Carracedo).  She became a nun 1217 at the monastery of Villabuena de Carracedo.  . 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    KINGS of LEÓN

 

 

 

A.      KINGS of LEÓN 1157-1230

 

 

Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León, son of ALFONSO VII "el Emperador" King of Castile and León & his first wife Berenguela de Barcelona (1137-Benavente 22 Jan 1188, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor)The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Fernandum, Elisabeth et Beatiam" as the children of "Aldefonsi Hispaniarum Regis" and his wife "Berengariam"[790].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Fernando" as brother of "rex Sanctius"[791].  "Santius et…Fredinandus et Garsias filii ymperatories" confirmed the charter dated 12 Sep 1142 under which Alfonso VII King of Castile donated "uillam…Taranna" to "Martino Didaci"[792].  "Sancius et…Fernandus et Garsias filii imperatoris…" confirmed the charter dated 19 Aug 1146 under which Alfonso VII King of Castile donated "ecclesiam…sanctam Mariam de Uelerda" to "Martino Didaci"[793].  “Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ...cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus” donated property to the bishop of Segovia by charter dated 28 Jan 1155[794].  He succeeded his father in 1157 as FERNANDO II King of León, Galicia and Extremadura.  Regent for his nephew Alfonso VIII King of Castile.  He founded the brotherhood of the knights of Cáceres (“hermandad de freiles de Cáceres”) shortly after capturing the town in 1170.  This soon developed into the Order of Santiago, which received the confirmation of the Papacy 1175, when the archbishop of Santiago entered the order as an honorary knight and donated a standard of the saint.  The Annales Compostellani record the death in 1187 of “Fernandus Rex Legionis[795].  The Anales Toledanos record the death in 1188 of “el Rey D. Ferrando, fillo del Emperador[796]

m firstly ([May/Jun] 1165, repudiated [Feb 1171/1172]) Infanta dona URRACA de Portugal, daughter of AFONSO I Henriques King of Portugal & his wife Mathilde de Savoie ([1151]-Valladolid 16 Oct 1188).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Urracam…et aliam filiam…Tarasia" as the children of "Aldefonsum" & his wife, specifying that Urraca married "Fernandi Regis Legionensis"[797].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records that “D. Orracam” daughter of “Rex Donnus Alfonsus” and his wife “Donnam Matildam, Comitis Amadæi de Moriana filiam” married “Regi Legionensium Donno Fernando”, adding in a later passage that they married in Aug 1209 (1171)[798].  The Crónica Latina records that “el rey Fernando” married “Urraca, hija de Alfonso rey de Portugal” but that they were related in the third degree of consanguinity[799].  "Regina Sancia comitis Raymundi et regine Urrache regia proles" donated an inn near Mucientes to Sahagún monastery by charter dated 15 Mar 1158, subscribed by "Regina Urracha de Asturias, Stephania Infantissa filia imperatoris…"[800].  The dating clause of a charter dated 13 Feb 1171 records "regnante Rege Donno F. in Legione, Galesia, Asturiis et Extrematus…cum uxore sua regina donna Urracha"[801].  Lucas de Tuy records that "Rex Fernandus" repudiated "uxorem suam Urracam filiam Regis Adefonsi, eo quod erat consanguinea eius propinquo gradu"[802]

m secondly ([1172/6 May 1173]) TERESA Núñez de Lara, daughter of NUÑO Pérez de Lara & his wife Teresa Fernández de Traba (-León 7 Feb 1180, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).  Salazar y Castro states that the Coronica General records the marriage of "el Rey D. Ferrando" and "Doña Teresa fija del conde D. Nuño de Castiella"[803].  However, Lucas de Tuy records that "Rex Fernandus" married secondly "Tharasiam qua fuerat uxor Nunii comitis de Castella"[804], and Rodrigo de Jiménez that the king married "Tarasiam filiam comitis Fernandi, quæ fuerat uxor comitis Nunii de Castella"[805]Salazar y Castro highlights the chronological impossibility that this is correct, although he cites no earlier source which confirms that the king´s wife was the daughter of Nuño Pérez de Lara.  A charter dated 6 May 1173 records property of "Rege F. et Regina domina Tarasia…in Montenigro…Villar ripam de Goaa"[806].  Szabolcs de Vajay accepts the second marriage of Teresa Fernández with the king, but supposedly finds the solution to the chronological difficulties by saying that she was Fernando Pérez´s daughter "by Sancha González (and not, as is often alleged, by the Infanta Teresa of Portugal)"[807].  Unfortunately, this does not resolve the issues.  The marriages of Fernando Pérez de Traba´s children by his legitimate wife are noted between 1142 and 1150, which would place their births in the period [1120/30].  This is still too early for the possible birth date of the second wife of Fernando II King of León, given the births of the couple´s children in [1178/80].  The only satisfactory solution is that the second wife of King Fernando was the daughter, not the widow, of Nuño Pérez.  This is also consistent with Queen Teresa being named in May 1173, which was four years before the death of Nuño Pérez.  A monument in San Isidro, León records the burial of "Regina…coniux Tarasia Regis Fernandi"[808].  She died in childbirth. 

m thirdly (May 1187) URRACA López de Haro, widow of NUÑO Menéndez Señor de Ceón y Riaño, daughter of conde LÓPE Díaz de Haro, Señor de Vizcaya & his second wife Aldonza Rodríguez (-Cistercian monastery of Vilena 1223, bur Vilena).  She was the king’s mistress from at least May 1182.  Señora de Aguilar y Monteagudo 1187[809].  “Regina domna Vrraka Lupi...cum filio meo infanti Santio et filia mea Maria Nunez” donated “hereditate de Magroueio...in Mafules” to “magistro Michaeli” by charter dated 1195[810].  "Domna Urraca Lupi Regina filia comitis Lupi" donated property to the monastery of Las Huelgas de Burgos for the foundation of the monastery of Vileña, for the soul of "filiique mei Sanci Ferrandi", by charter dated Apr 1222[811].  

King Fernando II & his first wife had one child:

1.         Infante don ALFONSO de León (Zamora 15 Aug 1171-Villanueva de Sarría 24 Sep 1230, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor)The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “mense Februario…in die Ascensionis Domini” (presumably an error) in 1171 of “Rex Alfonsus filius Regis Fernandi et Dñæ Orace Reginæ[812].  He succeeded his father in 1188 as ALFONSO IX King of León and Galicia. 

-        see below

King Fernando II & his second wife had two children:

2.         FERNANDO Fernández (1178-1187, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).  Szabolcs de Vajay quotes the epitaph of “Fernandus, Fernandi regis filius[813]Born illegitimate, he was legitimated by the subsequent marriage of his parents. 

3.         child (b and d 6 Feb 1180, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).  Szabolcs de Vajay cites the epitaph which confirms that his mother died in childbirth[814]

King Fernando II & his third wife had three children:

4.         GARCÍA Fernández (1182-1184, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).  Szabolcs de Vajay quotes the epitaph of “Garsia, Fernandi regis filius[815]

5.         Infante don ALFONSO Fernández de León (1184-before 22 Jan 1188).  He is named by Szabolcs de Vajay who cites no primary source[816]

6.         Infante don SANCHO Fernández de León (1186-Cañamero 25 Aug 1220, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa María de Perales)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Sancho" as the son of Fernando II King of León, adding in a later passage that he was killed by a bear "en Cañamero"[817].  Szabolcs de Vajay confuses Infante don Sancho Fernández with his illegitimate half-brother Sancho Fernández (see below)[818], although the Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos (assuming it is factually accurate) makes it clear that they were two different personsRegina domna Vrraka Lupi...cum filio meo infanti Santio et filia mea Maria Nunez” donated “hereditate de Magroueio...in Mafules” to “magistro Michaeli” by charter dated 1195[819].  Señor de Monteagudo y Aguilar.  Alférez mayor of his half-brother Alfonso IX King of Léon 10 Jun 1213, and 8 Dec 1213 to 16 Jul 1218.  Governor of Montenegro and Sarría 1210-1219.  The Annales Compostellani record that “Infans Sancius Fernan” was killed by a bear in 1219 “in Monte Aragone[820].  The Anales Toledanos record that “Sancho Fernandez, fillo del Rey D. Fernando, fillo del Emperador” was killed by a bear 25 Aug 1220[821].  "Domna Urraca Lupi Regina filia comitis Lupi" donated property to the monastery of Las Huelgas de Burgos for the foundation of the monastery of Vileña, for the soul of "filiique mei Sanci Ferrandi", by charter dated Apr 1222[822].  m ([after 1210][823]) TERESA Díaz de Haro, daughter of DIEGO López “el Bueno” Conde de Haro, Señor de Vizcaya & his second wife Toda Pérez.  Szabolcs de Vajay records her parentage and marriage, dating the marriage to "after 1210", but does not cite the primary source on which the information is based[824]The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos does not name the wife of Infante don Sancho Fernández[825].  Infante Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARÍA Sánchez de Fines (-after 1240)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Iuan Sanchez de Fines, D. Maria Sanchez" as the children of "D. Sancho Fernandez", son of Fernando II King of León, in a later passage recording that "D. Pedro Fernandez de Castro llamado el Castellano" married "D. Maria Sanchez"[826].  Szabolcs de Vajay names her second husband but cites no primary source which confirms the marriage[827]m firstly as his second wife, her second cousin, PEDRO Fernández de Castro “él de la Guerra”, son of FERNANDO Rodríguez de Castro & his second wife Estefanía Alfonso "la Desdichada" ([1170]-Marmelos, Morocco 18 Aug 1214, bur Bernardine monastery of Santa María de Valbuena).  Señor de Paredes y del Infantado de León.  m secondly ([1235]) as his second wife, GÓMEZ Enríquez de Deza Señor de Probaos y Vendos, son of ENRIQUE Fernández Señor de Probaos & his wife --- (-after 1240).  Señor de Probaos, Tendeiros y Vendos 1240. 

King Fernando II had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

7.          SANCHO FernándezThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Sancho Fernandez" as the illegitimate son of Fernando II King of León[828]m TERESA Gómez de Roa, daughter of ---.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Sancho Fernandez", illegitimate son of Fernando II King of León, married "D. Teresa Gomez de Roa Rica Dueña"[829].  Sancho & his wife had two children: 

a)         JUAN Sánchez de Fines The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Sanchez de Fines, D. Maria Sanchez" as the children of "D. Sancho Fernandez", illegitimate son of Fernando II King of León, and his wife "D. Teresa Gomez de Roca Rica Dueña", adding that Juan captured the castle of Fines from the Moors[830]Señor de Fines.  same person as…?  DIEGO Sánchez de Fines (-after [May/Jun] 1282)As no other references have been found to an individual named "Juan Sánchez de Fines", it is assumed that the Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos misnamed "Diego" as "Juan" in the passage quoted above.  Salazar y Castro names "D. Diag Sanchez ricohombre I señor de Fines y de Alva de Tormes, Salvatierra y Villanueva, Adelantado mayor de la frontera, hijo de don Sancho Fernandez…hijo de D. Fernando II", from the context implying that his father was Sancho Fernández, illegitimate son of King Fernando II, when recording his marriage[831].   Szabolcs de Vajay confuses Infante don Sancho Fernández with his illegitimate half-brother Sancho Fernández and states that "Diego Sánchez de Fines" (placing his birth at "c. 1204", without stating the basis for this estimate) was the son of Infante don Sancho[832], although this contradicts the record in the Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos (assuming that that source is factually accurate).  Argote Molina quotes a charter "en el archivo de la Sancta Iglesia de Toledo" which records a donation made by "Diag" who states that "gané Fines el castillo cerca de Valdeporchena", dated 1242[833]The Primera Crónica General de España records that Fernando III King of Castile journeyed to Córdoba, intending to attack Carmona, in 1246, accompanied by "don Alfonso su hermano, don Anrrique du fijo, los maestres…de Vclés et de Calatraua, et Diego Ssánchez, et don Gutier Ssuárez"[834].  The Primera Crónica General de España records that "Diego Sánchez y Sebastián Gutiérrez" were attacked by Muslims in Sevilla and that Diego Sánchez would have been killed if help had not arrived from the Castilian army (undated)[835].  Adelantado mayor de Andalucía (or de la Frontera) [Apr/Jun] 1258 to 1261 (after 11 Jan), and 1272 (before 23 Jun) to 1273 (after 3 Jan)[836].  "…Diago Sanchez…" subscribed the charter dated 11 Sep 1262 under which Alfonso X King of Castile approved the division of property between Toledo and Talavera[837].  A document dated 26 Apr 1265 records "nuestra hermandad" between the councils of Córdoba, Jaén, Baeza, Úbeda, Andújar, Santisteban, Iznatoraf, Quesada y Cazorla and "D. Diago Sanchez de Funes, é con D. Sancho Martinez de Jodar"[838].  Alfonso X King of Castile granted "un molinar en el Guadalquivir entre Estibel y Mengíbar" to "Diego Sánchez de Funes" by charter dated 28 Apr 1269[839]Alfonso X King of Castile granted the rights in "Mengíbar y en término de Baez" held by "Día Iennéguez" and "Diag Sánchez" to the council of Jaen for three years by charter dated [May/Jun] 1282[840].  Szabolcs de Vajay records that there were two individuals, father and son, both named "Diego Sánchez de Fines", stating that the father died "1260" (no primary source cited) and the son "1296"[841].  On the other hand, Argote Molina proceeds on the assumption that there was only one person of this name[842], as does Vázquez Campos[843].  Insufficient primary source data has been found to reach a sensible judgment about which position is correct.  One of the difficulties is that, according to Vázquez Campos, "Diego Sánchez de Fines" held the office of adelantado Mayor de Andalucía during two separate periods of time as noted above (1258 to 1261 and 1272 to 1273).  Szabolcs de Vajay may therefore have proceeded under the impression that the position was held for life until the death of the incumbent (although the primary source documentation which has so far consulted during the preparation of the present documentation is insufficiently detailed to justify this impression), and concluded that there must have been two persons of the same name.  m [firstly] (1246) TERESA Gómez de Villalobos, daughter of GÓMEZ González de Aza & his wife Teresa Gil de Villalobos.  Salazar y Castro records that "doña Teresa Fomez de Roa" married "D. Diag Sanchez ricohombre I señor de Fines y de Alva de Tormes, Salvatierra y Villanueva, Adelantado mayor de la frontera, hijo de don Sancho Fernandez…hijo de D. Fernando II"[844].  [m [secondly] (after 1270) JUANA Ruiz de Haro, daughter of RUY López de Haro Señor de La Guardia & his wife Sancha Jofre Tenorio.  Szabolcs de Vajay records her parentage and marriage, on the assumption that she was the wife of the younger "Diego Sánchez de Fines", and mother of the daughter who is named below[845].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.]  Diego & his [first] wife had one child: 

i)          JUAN Díaz de Fines (-young).  Szabolcs de Vajay names "Juan Díaz de Fines, died young" as the son of Diego Sánchez de Fines and his wife Teresa Gómez but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[846]. 

Diego & his [second] wife had one child: 

ii)         JUANA Díaz de FinesSzabolcs de Vajay records Juana as the daughter of Diego Sánchez de Fines (the younger) and his wife Juana Ruiz de Haro, but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[847].  Argote Molina names "doña Juana Diaz" as the daughter of "don Diego Sánchez de Funes" (proceeding on the assumption that there was only one person of that name, as noted above) but does not name her mother, recording her marriage to "Rodrigo Iñíguez de Biedma Señor de Estiviel y Alcayde de los Alcaçares de Iaen" but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[848].  Living 1296.  Señora de Fines, Alba de Tormes and Salvatierra.  m RODRIGO Íñiguez de Biedma “el Mozo” Señor de Ortalança, son of ---.  Caudillo mayor of the bishopric of Jaén[849]. 

b)         MARÍA Sánchez .  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Sanchez de Fines, D. Maria Sanchez" as the children of "D. Sancho Fernandez", illegitimate son of Fernando II King of León, and his wife "D. Teresa Gomez de Roca Rica Dueña", adding in a later passage that María Sánchez married, as his first wife, "D. Gomes Enriquez de Pobraos i Vendos" by whom she had "Diego Gomez de Pobraos"[850]m as his first wife, GOMES Henriques de Pobraos I Vendos, son of ---. 

 

 

Infante don ALFONSO de León, son of FERNANDO II King of León & his first wife Infanta dona Urraca de Portugal (Zamora 15 Aug 1171-Villanueva de Sarría 24 Sep 1230, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor)The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “mense Februario…in die Ascensionis Domini” (presumably an error) in 1171 of “Rex Alfonsus filius Regis Fernandi et Dñæ Orace Reginæ[851].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Aldefonsus rex Legionis" as son of "Fernando [frater regis Sanctii]"[852].  He succeeded his father in 1188 as ALFONSO IX King of León and Galicia.  He held the first documented Cortes in León in 1188, attended by duly elected representatives of towns as well as nobles and ecclesiasts.  The Pope excommunicated him because of his first marriage, between cousins without papal dispensation, and placed León under an interdict until Alfonso agreed to a separation.  Another dispute broke out with the church after he married his second wife, also his first cousin, from whom he was also obliged to separate.  He succeeded in 1217 as ALFONSO IX King of Castile, by right of his second wife and son.  He successfully campaigned against the Moors, capturing Lazeres, Merida, Elvas, Badajoz and several towns in Extremadura in 1228.  The Anales Toledanos record the death in 1230 “en Villanneva de Saria” of “el Rey Don Alfonso de Leon, Padre del Rey D. Fernando[853]. 

m firstly (Guimarães 15 Feb 1191, separated 1195, annulled for consanguinity 1198) his first cousin, Infanta dona TERESA de Portugal, daughter of SANCHO I “o Pobledor” King of Portugal & his wife Dulce de Barcelona ([1176]-Lorvano 17/18 Jun 1250, bur Lorvano, Cistercian monastery of Nuestra Señora de la Expectación).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Tarasiam", other daughter of "Rex…Sancius", and "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi", specifying that the union was incestuous[854].  Nun at Lorvano 1200.  Co-founder of the Dominican convent at Coimbra.  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[855].  Beatified 23 Dec 1705 by Pope Clement XI[856]

m secondly (Valladolid Dec, before 17, 1197, separated 1204 before 19 Jun) as her second husband, his first cousin, Infanta doña BERENGUELA de Castilla, daughter of ALFONSO VIII King of Castile & his wife Eleanor of England (Jan/Jun 1180-Las Huelgas 8 Nov 1246).  The Chronicon de Cardeña records that “Rey D. Alfonso de Leon” married “D. Alfonso…so fija Doña Berenguela[857].  The Crónica Latina records that “doña Berenguela, hija del rey de Castilla” was married to “el rey de León”, when peace was established being Castile and León following the defeat at the battle of Alarcos, despite being related in the second degree of consanguinity[858].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis", specifying that Berengaria was wife of "regi Legionensi id est regi Galicie…Alfunsus" and mother of "Fernandum successorem regis parvi in Castella et Toledo" and recording their marriage was initially permitted by Pope Innocent III despite consanguinity but subsequently prohibited, after which Berengaria became a Cistercian nun at Burgos[859].  Her second marriage, arranged by her father as part of the peace process with León, caused religious fury because of the close relationship of the parties.  Pope Innocent III excommunicated the couple, placed Castile and León under an interdict, and eventually annulled the marriage though agreed that their Children remained legitimate.  Infanta Berenguela became a nun at Las Huelgas 1204, after separating from her husband.  Regent for her brother Enrique I 1214, she became heiress in her own right to Castile, Toledo and Extremadura on his death but immediately ceded her rights to her son Infante don Fernando.  She retired from public life in 1230, after transferring full power to her son.  The Chronicon de Cardeña records the death in 1240 of “la Reyna Doña Berenguela, madre del Rey D. Fernando[860].  The necrology of the Prieuré de Fontaines records the death "31 Oct" of "domina Berengeria, regina Castille et Toleti, soror domine Blanche Francorum regine"[861]

Mistress (1): [1195] ---.  The name of the first mistress of King Alfonso IX is not known.  Szabolcs de Vajay says that she was "of modest antecedents"[862], but the basis for this statement is not known. 

Mistress (2): [1195] INÉS Íñiguez de Mendoza, daughter of ÍÑIGO López de Mendoza Señor de Llodio [Governor in Soria and Burgos] & his wife María García Salvadórez.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Ines Íñiguez de Mendoca" as the mother of King Alfonso IX´s children Urraca and Fernando[863]. 

Mistress (3): [1206-1210] ALDONZA Martínez de Silva, daughter of MARTÍN Gómez Señor de Silva & his wife Urraca Ruiz de Cabrera (-after 1232).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Aldonça Martinez de Silva" as the mother of King Alfonso´s three children who are named below[864].  She married (after 1210) Diego Froilaz.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Diego Frojas" married "D. Aldonça Martinez de Silva, que avia sido amiga del Rey D. Alonso de Leon"[865]. 

Mistress (4): [1210-1215] ESTEFANÍA Pérez, daughter of PEDRO Arias de Limia [Mayordomo Mayor of King Fernando II of León] & his second wife Constanza Osorio (-1249 or after).  Estefanía Pérez was given the realengo of Villamayor in 1215, but in 1249 granted it to the monastery of Melón with the consent of her husband Rodrigo Suarez, for the souls of “Alfonso IX y de su hijo Fernando[866].  She married Rodrigo Suárez

Mistress (5): [1215-1220] MAURA, daughter of --- (-bur Salamanca Cathedral).  Florez says that Maura” mother of Fernando Dean of Santiago was buried “en la Catedral antigua de Salamanca[867]Szabolcs de Vajay says that she was "probably of modest origins"[868]

Mistress (6): [1220-1230] TERESA Gil de Soverosa, daughter of GIL Vázquez de Soverosa & his wife María Arias Fornelos[869] (-after 1251).  The Livro Velho names "D. Sueiro Ayres de Fornelos e D. Pedro Ayres e D. Maria Ayres" as the children of "Ayres Nunes de Fornelos" and his wife "D. Mor Peres a Prove", adding that Maria was the mistress of Sancho I King of Portugal and later married "D. Gil Vasques de Sovorosa" by whom she was mother of "D. Martim Gil o bom e D. Fernão Gil…e…D. Tereja Gil", specifying that Teresa was mistress "d´elrey de Leão"[870].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Gil Vazquez, D. Martin Gil, D. Teresa Gil" as the children of "D. Gil Vazquez de Soverosa" and his first wife "D. Maria Ayras de Fornelo", in another passage naming "D. Teresa Gil de Soverosa" as the mother of four of King Alfonso´s children[871]

King Alfonso IX & his first wife had three children:

1.         Infanta doña SANCHA de León (Autumn 1191-Villabuena before 1243, bur monastery of Villabuena de Carracedo).  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[872].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "filium…Fernandum et filias Sanciam et Dulcem" as the children of "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi" and his wife Teresa, specifying that Fernando and Sancha were deceased at the time of writing[873].  She became a nun in 1217 at the monastery of Villabuena de Carracedo[874]Betrothed ([1216]) to her second cousin, ENRIQUE I King of Castile, son of ALFONSO VIII King of Castile & his wife Eleanor of England (Valladolid 14 Apr 1204-Palencia 6 Jun 1217, bur Las Huelgas, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real). 

2.         Infante don FERNANDO de León ([1192/93]-Aug 1214, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral of Santiago el Mayor).  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[875].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "filium…Fernandum et filias Sanciam et Dulcem" as the children of "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi" and his wife Teresa, specifying that Fernando and Sancha were deceased at the time of writing[876].  The Anales Toledanos record the death “Lunes en Agosto” in 1214 of “el Infant, fillo del Rey de Leon[877]Betrothed (1204) to Infanta doña MAFALDA de Castilla, daughter of ALFONSO VIII “el Noble/él de las Navas” King of Castile & his wife Eleanor of England (1191-Salamanca 1204, bur Salamanca Cathedral).  Szabolcs de Vajay says that she “died at the point of becoming the fiancée of the Infante Fernando of León” (without citing the primary source on which this information is based) and refers to her tomb in Salamanca[878]

3.         Infanta doña DULCE de León ([1193/94]-monastery of Villabuena de Carracedo 1248, before 8 Jul, bur Zamora).  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[879].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "filium…Fernandum et filias Sanciam et Dulcem" as the children of "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi" and his wife Teresa, specifying that Dulce was unmarried at the time of writing[880].  Señora de Valdeorras 1237. 

King Alfonso IX & his second wife had five children:

4.         Infanta doña LEONOR de León (1198-12 Nov 1202, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Alionoram primogenitam, Constanciam, et Berengariam" as the daughters of Alfonso IX King of León and his second wife[881]

5.         Infanta doña CONSTANZA de León (1 May 1200-Las Huelgas 7 Sep 1242, bur Las Huelgas).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Alionoram primogenitam, Constanciam, et Berengariam" as the daughters of Alfonso IX King of León and his second wife, adding that Constanza became a nun "in monasterio Sanctæ Mariæ de Burgis"[882].  Nun at Las Huelgas [1205].

6.         Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (Monte de Valparaíso [30 Jul/5 Aug] 1201-Seville 30 May 1252, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis", specifying that Berengaria was wife of "regi Legionensi id est regi Galicie" and mother of "Fernandum successorem regis parvi in Castella et Toledo"[883].  He succeeded his maternal uncle in 1217 as FERNANDO III “el Santo” King of Castile, Toledo and Extremadura.   

-        see below

7.         Infante don ALFONSO de León (Autumn 1202-Salamanca 6 Jan 1272, bur Ciudad Real, castle of Calatrava-la-Nueva).  The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Infant D. Alfonso…de Molina…hermano del Rey D. Ferrando[884].  Señor de Soria 1223.  Señor de Molina y Mesa 1240.   

-        see Part B.  SEÑORES de MOLINA

8.         Infanta doña BERENGUELA de Castilla y León (1204-Constantinople 12 Apr 1237, bur Constantinople)The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Alionoram primogenitam, Constanciam, et Berengariam" as the daughters of Alfonso IX King of León and his second wife[885].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "rex Ierusalem Iohannes" as daughter of "Berengaria" and "regi Legionensi id est regi Galicie" and in a later passage records the marriage of "rex Iohannes Ierosolimitanus" and "filia regis Gallicie, sororem Fernandi de Castella", but in neither place is she named[886].  The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records the marriage in 1223 of "le roi de Castille…sa sœur Bérengère, nièce de Blanche reine de France" and "Jean roi de Jérusalem"[887].  The necrology of Maubuisson records the death "II Id Apr" of "Berengaria imperatrix Constantinopolitane"[888].  "Jehan fiuz le roy Jehan de Jherusalem, bouteillier de France" instituted masses for "nostre pere le roy Jehan de Jherusalem et empereur de Costantinoble…et madame Berangiere sa fame jadis nostre mere" in the church of St Paul, Paris by charter dated Oct 1294[889]m (Toledo 1224) as his third wife, JEAN de Brienne King of Jerusalem, son of ERARD II Comte de Brienne & Agnès de Nevers ([1170]-Constantinople 23 Mar 1237, bur Constantinople).  Elected Emperor of Constantinople 1231. 

King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

9.          PEDRO Alfonso ([1196]-1226).  Rades names “don Pedro Alonso...hijo bastardo del Rey don Alonso de Leon” as Maestre de Santiago, appointed in 1225 and who died a year later a few days after a victory “en tierra de Moros, por las partes de Badajoz” over “[el] Rey Abenhuc[890]The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that he was “probably at least thirty years of age” when he was appointed[891][m ---.  Rades says that “no se sabe si fue casado”, referring to “don Pedro Alonso...hijo bastardo del Rey don Alonso de Leon”, Maestre de Santiago[892].]  Pedro & [his wife] had one child: 

a)         ALFONSO Pérez ([1215]-).  Rades names “don Alonso Perez” as the son of “don Pedro Alonso...hijo bastardo del Rey don Alonso de Leon”, Maestre de Santiago, adding that the Order of Santiago granted him “por sus dias el castillo y villa de Monrreal[893]The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m (Toledo) INÉS Gutiérrez de Paramo, daughter of GUTIERRE Fernández de Paramo & his wife ---.  Rades says that “don Alonso Perez” married “doña Ynes de Paramo, hija de Gutierre Fernandez[894]The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

             Pedro had [one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress]: 

b)         [FERNANDO Pérez ([1225]-20 May 1242, bur Toledo, convent of Santa Fé of the Order of Santiago).  He was the "doubtful son" of Pedro Alfonso according to Szabolcs de Vajay, who quotes his epitaph “Fernandus Petri...puer generalis regalis stirpe creatus” and highlights that the epitaph could also indicate that he was a member of the Castro family, descended from the royal house of Navarre, an early version of whose arms appears on the tomb[895].]

King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2):   

10.       URRACA Alfonso de León ([1197]-[1242/1258]).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Urraca Alonso" as the child of King Alfonso IX and "D. Ines Íñiguez de Mendoça", adding in a later passage that "D. Lope Diaz de Haro Cabezabrava" married "D. Urraca Alonso, hija del Rey D. Alonso de Leon no legitima, i de D. Ines de Mendoça"[896].  m ([1215, before 25 Dec 1218]) LOPE Díaz de Haro “Cabeza brava” Señor de Vizcaya, Señor de Haro, son of DIEGO López Conde de Haro Señor de Vizcaya & his first wife María Manrique de Lara (1192-18 Oct 1236, bur Nájera, monastery Santa María). 

King Alfonso IX had three illegitimate children by Mistress (3):

11.       RODRIGO Alfonso ([1210]-after 1252).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Rodrigo Alonso, D. Aldonça Alonso, D. Teresa Alonso" as the children of King Alfonso IX and "D. Aldonça Martinez de Silva"[897].  Señor de Aliger and Castro del Río.  Adelantado Mayor on the border with Andalucía.  Governor of Zamora 1249.  After the conquest of Seville, he received Castilleja de Talavaca in Andalucía in 1249[898]m INÉS Rodríguez de Cabrera, daughter of RODRIGO Fernández de Cabrera “el Féo de Valdorna” Señor de Cabrera y Ribera & his wife Sancha Ramírez Froilaz.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Ines Roiz" as the child "D. Ruy Fernandez el Feo de Valdorna" and his second wife "D. Maria Frojaz", recording in an earlier passage that "D. Rodrigo Alonso", son of King Alfonso IX, married "D. Ines Rodriguez"[899]Rodrigo & his wife had two children: 

a)         ALDONZA Rodríguez ([1250]-)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Roiz, D. Aldonça Roiz" as the children of "D. Rodrigo Alonso", son of King Alfonso IX, and his wife and in a later passage records that "D. Estevan Fernandez" married "D. Aldonça Roiz"[900]Heiress of Aliger.  m ([1265]) ESTEBAN Fernández de Castro, son of FERNANDO Gutiérrez de Castro & his wife Emilia Iñíguez de Mendoza (-after 1288).  Señor de Lemos and Sarría. 

b)         JUAN Rodríguez (-young).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Roiz, D. Aldonça Roiz" as the children of "D. Rodrigo Alonso", son of King Alfonso IX, and his wife "D. Ines Rodriguez", adding that Juan died childless[901]

12.       ALDONZA Alfonso de León ([1212]-1266, bur Cistercian monastery of Nuestra Señora de Nogales)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Rodrigo Alonso, D. Aldonça Alonso, D. Teresa Alonso" as the children of King Alfonso IX and "D. Aldonça Martinez de Silva", and in a later passage records that "Conde D. Pedro Ponce" married "D. Aldonça Alonso"[902].  m firstly DIEGO Ramírez Froilaz Señor de Mansilla y Rueda.  He was the nephew of his wife's stepfather.  m secondly (1230) PEDRO Ponce Señor del Valle de Aria, son of PONCE Velas & his wife Teresa Rdoruez de Cisneros (-1264, bur Nogales, Chapel San Benito). 

13.       TERESA Alfonso de León .  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Rodrigo Alonso, D. Aldonça Alonso, D. Teresa Alonso" as the children of King Alfonso IX and "D. Aldonça Martinez de Silva"[903]

King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by Mistress (4): 

14.       FERNANDO Alfonso ([1211]-young).  Estefanía Pérez was given the realengo of Villamayor in 1215, but in 1249 granted it to the monastery of Melón with the consent of her husband Rodrigo Suarez, for the souls of “Alfonso IX y de su hijo Fernando[904]

King Alfonso IX had one illegitimate child by Mistress (5): 

15.       FERNANDO Alfonso ([1215/18]-Salamanca 10 Jan 1278, bur Salamanca Cathedral)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Fernando Alonso" as the child of King Alfonso IX and "D. Ines Íñiguez de Mendoça", adding in a later passage that he was "Dean de Santiago"[905].  Dean of Santiago, Archdean of Salamanca.  Known as “El Dean”.  Canon of León and Santiago de Compostela.  The necrology of León Cathedral records the death IV Id Jan...Era 1324” of “Dñus Fernandus Alfonsi filius...regis Legionis, decanus Compostellanus, canonicus hujus ecclesiæ[906]Mistress (1): ALDARA López de Ulloa, widow of GÓMEZ García, daughter of LOPE Rodríguez de Ulloa & his wife Teresa Fernández de Lima.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Aldara Lopez" as the mother of "D. Juan Fernandez Cabellos de Oro", son of "Fernando AlonsoDean de Santiago"[907]Fernando had one child by Mistress (1): 

a)         JUAN Fernández "Cabellos de Oro" (-Salamanca 1303, bur Salamanca Cathedral).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Fernandez Cabellos de Oro" as the son of "Fernando AlonsoDean de Santiago" by "D. Aldara Lopez"[908].  Adelantado Mayor de la Frontera [with Andalucía].  Merino Mayor of Galicia.  Mayordomo Mayor of King Sancho IV 10 Dec 1288-21 Nov 1292.  m firstly MARÍA Andrés de Castro, daughter of ANDRÉS Fernández de Castro & his wife Mencía Rodríguez Girón (-1282).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Andres, D. Milia Andres" as the children of "D. Andres Fernandez", and in an earlier passage records that "D. Juan Fernandez Cabellos de Oro", son of "Fernando AlonsoDean de Santiago" by "D. Aldara Lopez", married "D. Maria Andres"[909].  m secondly (after 1282) JUANA Núñez de Lara Señora de Valdenebro, daughter of NUÑO Fernández de Lara Señor de Valdenebro & his wife Inés Íñiguez de Mendoza (bur Salamanca Cathedral).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juana" as the child of "D. Nuño Fernandez…de Valdenebro" and his wife "D. la Condesa D. Ines Eniguez", recording in an earlier passage that "D. Juan Fernandez Cabellos de Oro", son of "Fernando AlonsoDean de Santiago" by "D. Aldara Lopez", married secondly "D. Juana"[910]Juan & his first wife had two children:

i)          JUAN Fernández (-after 10 May 1305).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Juan Fernandez, Fernan Fernandez, que no tuvo hijos" as the children of "D. Juan Fernandez Cabellos de Oro" and his wife "D. Maria Andres"[911]

ii)         FERNANDO Fernández (-after 10 May 1305).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Juan Fernandez, Fernan Fernandez, que no tuvo hijos" as the children of "D. Juan Fernandez Cabellos de Oro" and his wife "D. Maria Andres"[912]

King Alfonso IX had four illegitimate children by Mistress (6): 

16.       SANCHA Alfonso de León (1220-Cozuelos de Ojeda 25 Jul 1270, bur Cozuelos de Ojeda, monastery of Santa Eufemia of the Santiago Order, removed 1608 to Toledo, Convent of Santa Fé of the Santiago Order).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Martin Alonso, D. Maria Alonso, Sancha Alonso, Urraca Alonso" as the children of King Alfonso IX and "D. Teresa Gil de Soverosa", adding that Sancha married[913]"D. Simon Roiz fijo de don Roy Diaz de los Cameros" sold property "en Tolmantos…y…en Vilforados" to "doña Sancha Alfonso fija del Rey de Leon" by charter dated 23 Oct 1231[914].  There was an unsuccessful attempt to beatify her when her remains were removed to Toledo[915]The Livro Velho names "D. Martim Affonso e D. Maria Affonso e D. Sancha Affonso e D. Orraca Affonso" as the children "d´elrey de Leão" and his mistress Teresa, daughter of "D. Gil Vasques de Sovorosa", adding that Sancha married "D. Simão Rodrigeus dos Cameiros" but was childless[916].  m (after 23 Oct 1231) as his first wife, SIMÓN Rodríguez de los Cameros Señor de los Cameros, son of RODRIGO Díaz de los Cameros & his wife Aldonza Díaz  (-murdered Trevino 1277). 

17.       MARÍA Alfonso de León ([1222]-after 1252).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Martin Alonso, D. Maria Alonso, Sancha Alonso, Urraca Alonso" as the children of King Alfonso IX and "D. Teresa Gil de Soverosa", adding that María married and was afterwards "amiga de su sobrino el Rey D. Alonso"[917]The Livro Velho names "D. Martim Affonso e D. Maria Affonso e D. Sancha Affonso e D. Orraca Affonso" as the children "d´elrey de Leão" and his mistress Teresa, daughter of "D. Gil Vasques de Sovorosa", adding that María married "D. Alvar Fernandes filho do conde D. Fernando de Lara o que jaz em Fiteiros" but was childless, later became mistress of "elrey D. Affonso de Castella seu sobrinho", and afterwards married "D. Suer Ayres de Valladares" by whom she was mother of "D. Pedro Soares de Sarraça e D. Affonso Soares" (listing their descendants)[918]m firstly ([1236]) ÁLVAR Fernández de Lara Señor de Lara, son of FERNANDO Núñez de Lara Señor de Castrogeriz & his wife Mayor --- (-after 24 Jul 1240).  Mistress ([1240]) of, her nephew, Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla, son of FERNANDO III "el Santo" King of Castile and León & his first wife Elisabeth von Hohenstaufen (Toledo 23 Nov 1221-Seville 4 Apr 1284, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María) .  He succeeded his father in 1252 as ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile and Leónm secondly ([after 1240]) as his second wife, SUERO Arias de Valladares “Sarraça”. 

18.       MARTÍN Alfonso de León ([1225]-1274, bur Salamanca, convent Santa Espiritu of the Santiago Order).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Martin Alonso, D. Maria Alonso, Sancha Alonso, Urraca Alonso" as the children of King Alfonso IX and "D. Teresa Gil de Soverosa"[919].  Knight of the Order of Santiago.  m MARIA Mendes de Sousa, daughter of MENDO González de Sousa & his wife Teresa Alfonso Téllez de Meneses Señora de Villa-García (-after 1276, bur Salamanca, convent Santa Espiritu of the Santiago Order).   The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Mendez" as the daughter of "D. Mendo Gonçalez de Sousa" and his wife, recording in an earlier passage that "Martin Alonso", son of King Alfonso IX, married "D. Maria Mendez", adding that they were childless[920].  The Master of the Order of Santiago granted "la bailía de Salamanca" to "doña María Méndez, viuda de Martín Alfonso, hijo bastardo del rey Alfonso IX de Léon" for a donation to the monastery of Espiritu Santo de Salamanca, which she had founded, by charter dated 12 Mar 1274[921]

19.       URRACA Alfonso de León (1228-after 1252).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Martin Alonso, D. Maria Alonso, Sancha Alonso, Urraca Alonso" as the children of King Alfonso IX and "D. Teresa Gil de Soverosa", adding that Urraca married "D. Garcia Romero en Aragon", and in a later passage that "D. Pedro Nuñez de Guzman" married firstly "D. Urraca Alonso sin hijos"[922]m firstly as his second wife, GARCÍA Romeu II Señor de Tormos, Pradilla and El Frago.  m secondly as his second wife, PEDRO Núñez de Guzmán Señor de Guzmán, son of GUILLÉN Pérez de Guzman & his wife Elvira Rodríguez (-after 1264).  Señor de Gaçullorva near Aznalfarache 1252, which became the nucleus of the estates of Guzmán in Andalucía.  Governor of Pernia 1264.  No issue. 

 

 

 

B.      SEÑORES de MOLINA

 

 

Infante don ALFONSO de León, son of ALFONSO IX King of León & his second wife Infanta doña Berenguela de Castilla (Autumn 1202-Salamanca 6 Jan 1272, bur Ciudad Real, castle of Calatrava-la-Nueva).  The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Infant D. Alfonso…de Molina…hermano del Rey D. Ferrando[923].  The cartulary of Tulle St Martin records the donation of "Ferrandus…rex Castellæ et Toleti cum fratre meo Infante domno Alfonso" with the consent of "dominæ Berengariæ genitricis meæ" dated 1217, which also names "avus meus dominus Allefonsus", subscribed by "Rodericus Didaci, comes Ferrandus, Alvarus Didaci, Alfonsus Talli, Rodericus Ruderici, Iohannes Gonçalvi, Suepius Telli, Gonçalvus Petri de Arnellis, maior merinos in Castella, Gonçalvus Roderici maior domus curiæ regis, Lupus Didaci de Faro Alferiz domini regis"[924]Señor de Soria 1223.  Señor de Molina y Mesa in 1240, by right of his first wife.  Señor de Cigales 1255.  Knight of the Order of Calatrava 15 Mar 1254.  He took part in the conquests of Córdoba (1236), Murcia (1242), and Seville (1248). 

m firstly (1240) MAFALDA González de Lara Señora de Molina y Mesa, daughter of GONZALO Pérez de Lara Señor de Molina y Mesa & his wife Sancha Gómez de Trastámara (-[before Sep 1244]).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Mafalda Pérez señora de Molina" as the daughter of "D. Gonçalo Perez de Molina" and his wife "D. N.", an earlier passage recording that "El Infante D. Alonso" married "tercera vez con D. Mafalda Perez…i por ella fue señor de Molina"[925].  Her correct parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1240] under which "Mafalda González y su marido el infante Alfonso" sold the monastery of Buenafuente to "Sancha Gómez, madre…y viuda de Gonzalo Pérez de Molina"[926]

m secondly (after Sep 1244) TERESA González de Lara, daughter of conde GONZALO Núñez de Lara Señor de Belorado & his wife María Díaz de Haro ([1220]-1246).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Diego Gonçalez, D. Nuño Gonçalez, D. Teresa Gonçalez" as the children of "El Conde D. Gonçalo" and his wife "D. Maria"[927]

m thirdly (after 22 Jul 1260) as her second husband, MAYOR Alfonso de Meneses Señora de Meneses y Villanueva, widow of GONZALO Gil de Villalobos, daughter of ALONSO Téllez de Meneses Señor de Meneses, San Roman and Villanueva & his wife María Yáñez de Lima (-after 1264).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Tellez, Rodrigo Alonso, D. Mayor Alonso, D. Teresa Alonso" as the children of "D. Alonso Tellez de Meneses de Cordova" and his wife "D. Mariannez", and earlier passage recording that "El Infante D. Alonso" married "D. Mayor Alonso"[928].  The Livro Velho records that "D. Mor Affonso" married "D. Gonçalo Gil de Vilalobos" and, after he died, "o infante D. Affonso de Molina"[929]

Mistress (1): ---.  The name of the first mistress of Infante don Alfonso is not known. 

Mistress (2): ---.  The name of the second mistress of Infante don Alfonso is not known. 

Mistress (3): TERESA Pires de Bragança, daughter of PEDRO Fernández de Bragança & his wife Flor Sánchez de Barbosa.  The Livro Velho records that "D. Tereja Pires" was mistress firstly of "Lourenço Martins de Berredo", by whom she had "Alda Lourenço…casada com Martim de Barbosa irmão de Fernão Pires", and secondly of "o infante de Molina"[930].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Garcia Perez de Bragança, D. Nuno Perez de Bragança, D. Teresa Perez" as the children of "Don Pedro Fernandez Bragançon", a later passage naming "D. Teresa Perez" as the mother of "D. Berenguela…D. Leonor", the daughters of "El Infante don Alonso"[931]

Mistress (4): ---.  The name of the fourth mistress of Infante don Alfonso is not known. 

Infante Alfonso & his first wife had two children:

1.         FERNANDO Alfonso de Molina (1242-before 1250).

2.         BLANCA Alfonso de Molina ([1243]-Molina 1292, before 5 Dec)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D Alonso Fernandez Niño" married "D. Blanca señora de Molina", a later passage in the same source recording that "Blanca señora de Molina" was the daughter of "El Infante don Alonso" and his wife "D. Mafalda Perez"[932]The testament of "doña Maria…reyna de Castilla, de Leon, y señora de Molina", dated 29 Jun 1321, makes donations for the souls of "…doña Blanca mi hermana señora que fue de Molina..."[933]m (before 1269) ALFONSO Fernández “el Niño”, illegitimate son of ALFONSO X King of Castile & his mistress Elvira Rodríguez de Villada ([1243]-1281). 

Infante Alfonso & his second wife had one child:

3.         JUANA Alfonso de Molina ([1245/46]-after 1280)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juana muger del Conde" as the child of "El Infante D. Alonso" (but does not name her mother), and adds in a later passage that "Conde D. Lope", son of "D. Diego Lopez señor de Biscaya", married "D. Juana"[934]m (1269) conde LOPE Díaz de Haro Señor de Vizcaya, son of DIEGO López de Haro Señor de Vizcaya & his wife Constance de Béarn ([1245]-murdered Alfaro Jul 1288).  Regent of Castile. 

Infante Alfonso & his third wife had two children:

4.         ALFONSO Téllez de Molina [de Meneses] ([1262]-1314)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso, D. Maria" as children of "El Infante D. Alonso" and his wife "D. Mayor Alonso"[935]He succeeded his maternal uncle as Señor de Meneses, Tiedra, Montealegre, Grajal, Alba de Liste, San Román, San Felices y ½ Alburquerque.  The testament of "Don Martin Alfonso fijo de Don Alfonso Tellez e de Donna Teresa Sanchez", dated 15 Jun 1285, bequeathed property to "…mi sobrino Don Alfonso hijo del infante de Molina…el derecho en el castillo de Alburquerque…"[936].  Alférez mayor of Sancho IV King of Castile 10 Dec 1288 to 25 Apr 1295.  m TERESA Pérez de Asturias, daughter of PEDRO Álvarez de Asturias Señor de Noroña & his wife Sancha Rodríguez de Lara.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Rodrigo Alvarez, D. Teresa Alvarez" as the children of "D. Pedro Alvarez de Asturias" and his wife "D. Sancha Roiz", recording in an earlier passage that "D. Alonso llamóse Infante de Molina", son of "El Infante D. Alonso" and his wife "D. Mayor Alonso", married "D. Teresa Alvarez"[937]The Livro Velho records that "D. Affonso filho do infante de Molina e de D. Maria Affonso" married "filha de D. Pedro Aluares das Asturias e de D. Sancha Rodrigues"[938]Alfonso & his wife had one child: 

a)         TELLO Alfonso de Meneses (-Tardejas 1315)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Tello" as the child of "D. Alonso llamóse Infante de Molina" and his wife "D. Teresa Alvarez"[939]He succeeded his father in 1314 as 8th Señor de Meneses, Tiedra, Montealegre, Grajal, Alba de Liste, San Román and Villa-García.  m ([1308/12]) as her first husband, MARIA Afonso de Portugal, daughter of Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal Señor de Portoalegre & his wife Violante Manuel ([1290]-).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria, D. Isabel, D. Constança" as the children of "El Infante D. Alonso" and his wife "D. Violante", an earlier passage in the same source recording that "D. Tello", son of "D. Alonso llamóse Infante de Molina" and his wife "D. Teresa Alvarez", married "D. Maria", and in a later passage that "D. Fernando", son of "D. Diego", married "D. Maria"[940]She married secondly (1315) Fernando Díaz de Haro Señor de Orduña y Valmaseda.  Tello & his wife had two children: 

i)          ALFONSO Téllez de Meneses ([1310/15]-after 1318).  He succeeded his father as Señor de Meneses Tiedra, Montealegre, Grajal y Alba de Liste.  

ii)         ISABEL Téllez de Meneses ([1310/15]-after 1354)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Isabel" as daughter of "D. Tello", son of "D. Alonso llamóse Infante de Molina", and his wife "D. Maria", a later passage in the same source recording that records that "D. Juan Alonso de Alburquerque" married  "D. Isabel"[941].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Don Juan Alfonso de Alburquerque” married “Doña Isabel...fija de Don Tello de Meneses[942]Her birth date range is estimated from the birth date of her mother and the likely marriage date of her parents.  It is likely that Isabel was born in the earlier part of the range as she gave birth to her son in [1330].  She succeeded her brother as 10th Señora de Meneses, Tiedra, Montealegre, Grajal y Alba de Liste.  m (before 1330) JOÃO Afonso "o Bono" de Portugal Conde de Alburquerque, son of AFONSO Sánchez de Portugal Conde de Alburquerque & his wife Teresa Martins ([1305]-murdered 1354, bur Monasterio de la Espina).  No surviving issue. 

5.         MARÍA Alfonso de Molina “la Grande” ([1264]-Valladolid 1 Jul 1321, bur Valladolid, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real called Las Huelgas de Valladolid)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso, D. Maria" as children of "El Infante D. Alonso" and his wife "D. Mayor Alonso"[943]The Chronicon de Cardeña records that “El Rey D. Sancho” married “la Reyna Doña Maria…fija del Infant D. Alfonso…de Molina…hermano del Rey D. Ferrando[944].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Jul 1282 of “Rex Dns Sancius, adhuc Infans” and “Regina Dna Maria Toleti[945].  She received Valladolid, Toro, Ecija, Zafra and Astudillo as her dowry in 1284[946].  Regent of Castile for her son King Fernando IV 1295-1314, and for her grandson King Alfonso XI 1314-1321.  The testament of "doña Maria…reyna de Castilla, de Leon, y señora de Molina", dated 29 Jun 1321, names "el Rey D. Fernando mio fijo", makes donations for the souls of "el Rey don Sancho…doña Blanca mi hermana señora que fue de Molina...el Ynfante D. Enrique mio fijo", provides for "el Rey don Alfonso mio nieto…la Infanta doña Isabel mi fija…Infante don Felipe mio fijo…doña Maria mia sobrina muger que fue del Infante d. Juan"[947]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Jul 1321 of “Regina Dna Maria in Valleoleti”, adding in a later passage that she was buried in “monasterium de Olgis[948]The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the death 1 Jun of “la Reyna Doña Maria” in “el monasterio de Sanct Francisco de Valledolit” and her burial “en su monasterio en Sancta Maria la Real...agora se llama las Huelgas de Valledolit[949]m (Toledo Jul 1282) Infante don SANCHO de Castilla y León, son of ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile & Infanta doña Violante de Aragón (Valladolid 12 May 1258-Toledo 25 Apr 1295, bur Toledo, Cathedral Santa María).  He succeeded his father 1284 as SANCHO IV “el Bravo” King of Castile and León. 

Infante Alfonso had [two] illegitimate children by Mistress (1):

6.          JUAN Alfonso ([1225]-Palencia 1290).  Szabolcs de Vajay says that he was legitimated 14 Oct 1243 by Pope Innocent IV, was Dean at Burgos, and received a dispensation 24 Jan 1259 from Pope Alexander IV to become a bishop[950]Bishop of Palencia 1279-1290. 

7.          [TERESA Alfonso (bur Palencia, Monasterio de San Pablo)Salazar y Castro states that she was the daughter of Pedro Alfonso, master of Santiago who died in 1226[951].  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that this is incorrect, as it does not explain her patronymic.  He suggests her parentage as shown here on the basis of a letter from the future King Alfonso X to Nuño González which records that he had asked his father King Fernando III to grant land to Nuño on his marriage to "doña Teresa Alfonso su cormana, nieta del rey de León"[952].  The Order of Santiago granted property in San Miguel de Bobadilla in usufruct to "Nuño González de Lara el Bueno y a doña Teresa Alfón su mujer" in return for donating the mill of Guaidaira in Seville, by charter dated 15 Sep 1259[953]m NUÑO González de Lara “el Bueno” Señor de Lara, son of conde GONZALO Núñez de Lara & his second wife María Díaz de Haro (-killed in battle Éjica May 1275, bur Palencia, monastery of San Pablo).  Governor of Castilla-la-Vieja.] 

Infante Alfonso had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2):

8.          URRACA Alfonso ([1225/30]-)Szabolcs de Vajay names her and her husband but cites no primary source on which the information is based[954]m GARCÍA Gómez Carrillo "él de los Garfios”, son of ---.  The Crónica del Rey Don Alfonso X records "el alcázar de Xerez…Garci Gomez Carrillo", who was captured at the siege of Jérez de la Frontera during the Mudejar revolt [dated to 31 May 1264], as the last man alive, by means of grappling hooks on long poles (hence  his nickname)[955].  Alcalde of Jérez de la Frontera. 

Infante Alfonso had two illegitimate children by Mistress (3): 

9.          BERENGUELA Alfonso ([1230/35]-Narbonne 17 Jul 1272, bur Narbonne, convent of Saint-François[956])The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Teresa Perez" as the mother of "D. Berenguela, amiga del Rey D. Jaime de Aragon…algunos dizen fue su muger", the daughter of "El Infante don Alonso"[957]Señora de Melgoso and Caldelas.  m ([1251]) GONZALO Ramírez, son of RAMIRO Froilaz & his wife Aldonza González (-[1255/59]).  No issue.  Mistress ([1260-1270] of JAIME I “el Conquistador” King of Aragon, son of PEDRO II King of Aragon & his wife Marie de Montpellier (Montpellier 1 Feb 1208-Valencia 27 Jul 1276, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora). 

10.       LEONOR Alfonso ([1230/35]-)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Teresa Perez" as the mother of "D. Berenguela…D. Leonor", the daughters of "El Infante don Alonso"[958].  The Livro Velho records that "D. Leonor", daughter of "D. Tereja Pires" and "o infante de Molina", married "D. Affonso Garcia de Celada"[959].  m ALFONSO García de Villamayor Señor de Villamayor, Celada and Sisamón, son of GARCÍA Fernández de Villamayor & his second wife Mayor Arias (-after 14 Jan 1272). 

Infante Alfonso had one illegitimate child by Mistress (4): 

11.       JUANA Alfonso ([1266]-).  Szabolcs de Vajay says that she received a dowry in 1283 from King Alfonso X but that “nothing more is known of her[960]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    KINGS of CASTILE & LEÓN 1217-1369

 

 

 

A.      KINGS of CASTILE & LEÓN 1217-1369

 

 

Infante don FERNANDO de León, son of ALFONSO IX King of León & his second wife Infanta doña Berenguela de Castilla (Monte de Valparaíso [30 Jul/5 Aug] 1201-Seville 30 May 1252, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María).  He was born when the Queen was travelling from Salamanca to Zamora, in the forest near the monastery of Bellofonte.  He succeeded his maternal uncle in 1217 as FERNANDO III “el Santo” King of Castile, Toledo and Extremadura.  He succeeded his father in 1230 as FERNANDO III King of León and Galicia.  He led successful campaigns against the Moors, conquering Córdoba (1236), Murcia (1242), Jaén (1246), and Seville (1248 after a siege of 16 months).  The Kings of Granada and Murcia declared themselves his vassals.  He was making preparations for a crusade into North Africa, for which he was negotiating for support from Henry III King of England, when he died[961].  King Fernando III was the first of his family to quarter the arms of Castile with León[962].  He was canonised by Pope Clement X in 1671, feast day 30 May[963].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Fernando Alonso" died "Era 1290" (1252) and was buried "en Sevilla"[964]. 

m firstly (Burgos 30 Nov 1219) ELISABETH von Staufen, daughter of PHILIPP Duke of Swabia King of Germany & his wife Maria [Eirene] of Byzantium (Nürnberg Mar/May 1205-Toro 5 Nov 1235, bur Cistercian monastery Santa María la Real, transferred 1279 to the Cathedral Santa María, Seville).  The Annales Marbacenses record that one of the four daughters of King Philipp (second in the list) married "regi Hyspanie"[965].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   The Chronicon de Cardeña records that “Rey D. Ferrando” married “Doña Beatriz, la sobrina del Emperador de Alemaña[966].  She was known as BEATRIZ in Castille.  The Crónica Latina records that “el emperador Isaac” was grandfather of “la reina nuestra señora Beatriz, padre…de su madre[967]"Ferrandus…Rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Regina Beatrice et filiis meis Alfonso, Frederico, Fernando" donated property at Villabañez to the church of Valladolid by charter dated 27 Apr 1226[968].  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis records the death in 1235 of "Regina domina Beatrix" and her burial "Burgis in regali cæmeterio…"[969]

m secondly (Burgos 1237, [before Aug]) as her first husband, JEANNE de Dammartin, daughter of SIMON de Dammartin Comte d’Aumâle & his wife Marie Ctss de Ponthieu ([1220]-Abbeville 16 Mar 1279, bur monastery of Valoires).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Mariam…mater Joannæ Reginæ Castellæ et Legionis" as the daughter of "Comitis de Pontivo" and his wife "Adelodis" daughter of "Ludovico Regi Francorum" (and his wife "Elisabeth", an error for Constanza)[970].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to, but does not name, the four daughters of "comes de Pontivo Symon" (in order) as the wives of "rex Castelle de Hispanie Fernandus…maiorem filius vicecomitis de Castro Araudi…comitis de Augo…comes de Roceio"[971].  "Symon comes Pontivi et Monstreoli et…Maria comitissa dicte terre" granted "quatuor millaria alectium…annuatim" [four thousand herrings a year] to the nuns of Espaigne, at the request of "primogenite nostre J. …regine Yspanie et Castelle", by charter dated Aug 1237[972].  It is  not known whether the document accords the queen´s title to Jeanne because she was already married or just betrothed at that date.  The contract of marriage between "Ferrandi…regis Castelle et Toleti, Legionis et Galicie" and "donna Johanna…socero nostro…comite Pontivi" is noted in a charter dated Jan 1238 (New Style) issued by Louis IX King of France, which also refers to the king of Castile's letter dated 31 Oct 1237[973].  She succeeded her father as Ctss d‘Aumâle in 1239.  She succeeded her mother 1251 as Ctss de Ponthieu.  She returned to France as a widow in 1253[974].  She married secondly ([May 1260/9 Feb 1261]) Jean de Nesle Seigneur de Falvy et de La Hérelle (-2 Feb 1292).  "Jehans de Neele cuens de Pontieu de Monsteruel et d´Aubemarle" appointed "la noble dame Jehane…roine de Castele et de Lyon contesse de Pontieu nostre…fame" as his proxy to pursue a claim against the monks of Saint-Sauve by charter dated 17 Oct 1270[975].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death in 1279 of "regina Hispanie, domina Pontivi, mater Alienoræ reginæ Angliæ"[976]

King Fernando III & his first wife had ten children:

1.         Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León (Toledo 23 Nov 1221-Seville 4 Apr 1284, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María).  The Anales Toledanos record the birth 23 Nov 1221 of “el Infant D. Alfonso, fillo del Rey D. Fernando de Castiella…e…de la Reyna doña Beatriz, filla del Emperador de Alemaña[977].  Alférez of his father Fernando III "el Santo" King of Castile 21 Aug 1242 to 22 Aug 1242.  He succeeded his father in 1252 as ALFONSO X “el Sabio” King of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Badajoz, Cordoba, Murcia, Jaén and Sevilla

-        see below.

2.         Infante don FADRIQUE de Castilla y León (Guadalajara 1223 shortly before 15 Sep-assassinated 1277, bur Burgos, Convent of the Santas Trinidad).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Adefonsum, Fredericum, Fernandum, Philippum, Henricum, Sancium, Emanuelem" as the sons of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[978].  "Ferrandus…Rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Regina Beatrice et filiis meis Alfonso, Frederico, Fernando" donated property at Villabañez to the church of Valladolid by charter dated 27 Apr 1226[979].  "Ferrandus…Rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Regina Beatrice et filiis meis Alfonso, Frederico, Ferrando, Henrico" donated the churches of Montealegre to the church of Valladolid by charter dated 25 May 1230[980].  He was brought up at the court of Emperor Friedrich II.  He unsuccessfully claimed the duchy of Swabia in 1240, by right of his mother[981]Señor de Sanlúcar de Albaída, Gelves, Gizirat, Abualhinar, Alpechin, Cambullón, Brenes, Riazuela and La Algeba in Andalucía 1248.  He lived in Italy and Africa, but returned to the court of Castile by 26 Feb 1272.  He was deprived of his lordships for absenteeism by the king in 1269, but restored in 1272[982].  He helped Queen Violante in her dispute with her husband.  The Anales Toledanos record that “Rex Alfonsus mediante justitia” killed “Dñm Fredicum, et Dominum Simonem Roderici de los Cameros[983]m [firstly] (1240) BEATRICE Malaspina, daughter of CORRADO Malaspina, of the Spino dello Secco branch of the Malaspina family, & his wife [Adelasia] illegitimate daughter of Emperor Friedrich II.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Fadrique" married "la Infanta D. Malespina"[984][m secondly --- Komnene Dukaina, daughter of NIKEPHOROS Dukas I Angelos Lord of Epirus & his first wife Anna Palaiologina Kantakuzene (1258-[before 1294]).  This unnamed daughter of Nikephoros Lord of Epirus is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[985], according to which she was later baptised as Catarina and married (presumably as his second wife) Infante don Fadrique de Castilla.  Szabolcs de Vajay states that Infante Fadrique's alleged marriage to the daughter of Nikephoros Lord of Epirus "seems apocryphal, perhaps based on a typical speculation by Pellicer", possibly resulting from confusion with her half-sister Katarina née Thamar, wife of Philippe Principe di Tarento [Anjou-Sicily][986].]  Infante Fadrique & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         BEATRIZ Fadrique ([1242]-1277, bur Sahagún, Cistercian monastery of San Facundo y San Primitivo)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Beatriz Fadrique" as the child of "D. Fadrique" and his wife "la Infanta D. Malespina"[987]The Livro Velho records that "Affonso Telles filho de Affonso Telles de Coroua" married "D. Brites Fradique filha do infante D. Fadrique e da condesa D. Malespina"[988].  Zurita names “hija del Infante [D. Fadrique]” as the wife of “D. Simon Ruiz de los Cameros[989]m firstly ALFONSO Téllez de Meneses Señor de Meneses Señor de Montealegre, son of ALFONSO Téllez de Meneses & his wife MARÍA Yáñez de Lima (-before [1270/76]).  m secondly (after 1270) as his second wife, SIMÓN Rodríguez de los Cameros, son of RODRIGO Díaz de los Cameros & his wife Aldonza Díaz  (-assassinated Trevino 1277). 

Infante Fadrique had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

b)         ALONSO Fadrique (in Italy [1260]-after 1297).  Szabolcs de Vajay says that he returned with his father to Spain in 1272[990]m (before 2 Feb 1296) as her second husband, MARÍA Ramírez de Queixial, widow of GONZALO Moran “el Mozo”, daughter of PEDRO Peláez de Queixial & his wife María Ramírez Froilaz.  Szabolcs de Vajay records her parentage and two marriages but cites no primary sources on which the information is based[991]

c)          --- Fadrique (in Italy [1260]-).  Szabolcs de Vajay indicates that apparently this unnamed son did not return to Spain from Italy with his father and brother in 1272[992]m ---.  One child: 

i)          son.  m ---.  One child: 

(a)        FADRIQUE.  Señor de Troya.  m ---.  One child: 

(1)        LANZELOTO (-after 18 Jul 1394).  A letter dated 18 Jul 1394 from Juan I King of Aragon to his nephew Enrique III King of Castile refers to “Lautelot fillo de Frederich de Troya...bisnieto del infante Frederich de Castiella...su muller e fillos[993].  m --- (-after 18 Jul 1394).  Lanzelotto & his wife had children: 

a.          children .  Referred to in the letter dated 18 Jul 1394, see above, but not by name.  It is not known whether these children had any further descendants. 

3.         Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (Cuenca 1225, before 27 Mar-near Seville 1248, before 23 Nov)The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Adefonsum, Fredericum, Fernandum, Philippum, Henricum, Sancium, Emanuelem" as the sons of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[994].  "Ferrandus…Rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Regina Beatrice et filiis meis Alfonso, Frederico, Fernando" donated property at Villabañez to the church of Valladolid by charter dated 27 Apr 1226[995].  "Ferrandus…Rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Regina Beatrice et filiis meis Alfonso, Frederico, Ferrando, Henrico" donated the churches of Montealegre to the church of Valladolid by charter dated 25 May 1230[996].  Governor of Murcia and Molina Seca 1243.  He was at the siege of Triana early autumn 1248.  He died during the conquest of Seville.  Infante Fernando had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:   

a)         ALFONSO Fernández (-after 22 Jan 1284).  According to Szabolcs de Vajay, he was the son of Infante don Fernando[997].  The author cites previous authors who attributed the paternity of Alfonso Fernández to Fernando de la Cerda, but also the 22 Jan 1284 codicil to the will of Alfonso X "el Sabio" King of Castile, cited by Masnata, which refers to Alfonso as "nuestro sobrino y nuestro consegero"[998].  Although this appears to indicate that Alfonso's father was one of King Alfonso X's brothers, it is not clear what proof there is that his father was Infante don Fernando. 

4.         Infanta doña LEONOR de Castilla y León (1226-young).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Alienor, Berengariam et Mariam" as the daughters of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[999]

5.         Infanta doña BERENGUELA de Castilla y León (1228-Las Huelgas 1279, bur Las Huelgas).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Alienor, Berengariam et Mariam" as the daughters of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[1000].  Nun at the Cistercian monastery Santa María la Real at Las Huelgas Sep 1243. 

6.         Infante don ENRIQUE "el Senador" de Castilla y León (1230 before 10 Mar-Roda 8 Aug 1303, bur Valladolid, San Francisco).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Adefonsum, Fredericum, Fernandum, Philippum, Henricum, Sancium, Emanuelem" as the sons of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[1001].  "Ferrandus…Rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Regina Beatrice et filiis meis Alfonso, Frederico, Ferrando, Henrico" donated the churches of Montealegre to the church of Valladolid by charter dated 25 May 1230[1002]Señor de Écija, Medellín, Dueñas, Atienza, Berlanga, Calataãzor and San Esteban de Gormaz 1244.  Señor de Morón, Cote and Silibar in Andalucía 1248.  He conquered Arcos and Lebrija 1255.  Ambitious to form his own independent state, he entered the service of the Bey of Tunis after he failed, and subsequently went to Italy.  Supporting at first Charles d’Anjou, he switched to the Gibelin cause.  Pope Clement IV made him Senator of Rome Jul 1267-Aug 1268.  He fought for Konradin against Charles d’Anjou, and was taken prisoner after the battle of Tagliacozzo and taken to Naples 28 Aug 1268.  The Alberti Milioli Notarii Regini Liber de Temporibus records the capture of "dompnus Henricus frater regis Castelle tunc senator urbis Rome" in 1268[1003].  He was imprisoned for 20 years in a fortress in Apulia, released 1291, and returned to Castile in 1294[1004].  Adelantado Mayor on the border with Andalucía.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that the king dismissed “tutoriam Infans Dns Henricus” in Feb 1302[1005].  Mayordomo Mayor of his great nephew King Fernando IV 2 Nov 1302.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Aug 1303 of “Infans Dns Henricus, in Roda[1006]m ([1299/1300]) as her first husband, JUANA Núñez de Lara "la Palomilla" Señora de Lerma, Villafranca, Dueñas, Fuente-Empudia, Torrelobatón and Herrera, daughter of JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara & his [first/second wife Teresa Álvarez de Azagra Señora de Albarracín/Teresa Díaz de Haro]] (-Palencia 12 Jun 1351).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alvaro Nuñez, D. Juan Nuñez, D. Nuño Gonçalez. D. Juana Nuñez la Palomilla, D. Teresa Nuñez" as the children of "D. Juan Nuñez el Gordo" and his wife "D. Teresa Alvarez", an earlier passage recording that "El Infante D. Enrique" married "D. Juana Nuñez la Palomilla", and another passage that "D. Fernando de la Cerda" married "D. Iuana Nuñez la Palomilla, viuda del Infante D. Enrique"[1007].  The Crónica del Rey Fernando IV records the marriage of “don Juan Nuñez...su hermana...doña Juana” and “don Enrique”, dated to [1299/1300] from the context[1008]She married secondly (1308) Infante don Fernando de la Cerda de CastillaShe succeeded her brother in 1315 as Señora de Lara and Vizcaya.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the death “dia de la Trinidad...en Palencia” in 1351 of “Doña Juana de Lara madre [de] Don Juan Nuñez...fija de Don Juan Nuñez de Lara é de Doña Teresa, hermana del Conde Don Lope Señor de Vizcaya”, adding that she had first married “el Infante Don Enrique fijo del Rey Don Ferrando” when she was “muy moza[1009]Mistress (1): ([1246]) MARÍA [Mayor] Rodríguez Pecha, daughter of RODRIGO Pecha Señor de Atanzón in Andalucía & his wife ---.  Mistress (2): ---.  The name of the second mistress of Infante don Enrique is not known.  Infante Enrique had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

a)         ENRIQUE Enríquez (Andalucía [1246]-).  Señor de Puebla de los Infantes, in Andalucía, by grant of his uncle King Alfonso X 27 Jul 1253[1010]m ([1300]) as her second husband, ESTEFANÍA Rodríguez de Ceballos, Señora de Vado de las Estacas y Villalba, widow of JUAN Mathe de Luna, daughter of RODRIGO González de Ceballos & his wife María Fernández de Caviedes.  Camarero Mayor 1285.  Almirante of Castile 1295.  Enrique & his wife had one child: 

i)          ENRIQUE Enríquez “el Mozo” (-after 1354)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Enrique Enriquez nieto del Infante D. Enrique" when recording his marriage[1011].  He established himself in Badajoz.  He succeeded his mother as Señor de Villalba.  ...D. Anrique Anriquez de Sevilla, D. Alfonso Anriquez su fijo, Don Fernando Anriquez su hermano...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[1012]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “grandes parientes...Don Enrique Enriquez é Ferran Enriquez su fijo...” of “Doña Leonor de Guzman” present at Medina Sidonia, when the body of King Alfonso XI passed through the town in 1350[1013]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that King Pedro in 1354 granted “el Alcazar de Jaen é el castillo de Dueñas é el castillo de Castro Xeriz” to “Don Enrique Enriquez”, who was married to “Doña Urraca su tia de la dicha Doña Juana, hermana de Doña Isabel su madre”, to obtain his support for his marriage to “Doña Juana de Castro fija de Don Pedro de Castro que decian de la Guerra...[1014].  According to Szabolcs de Vajay, Don Enrique may have been the ancestor of the family of Henríquez at Seville and Salamanca[1015], but no details are known apart from the descendants shown below.  [m URRACA Pérez Ponce de León, daughter of PEDRO Ponce de León Señor de Cangas y Tineo & his second wife Sancha Gil de BragançaThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando sin hijos, D. Rodrigo de las Asturias, D. Isabel, D. Juana, D. Urraca" as the children of "D. Pedro Ponzo" and his second wife "D. Sancha Gil Bragança", an earlier passage recording that "D. Enrique Enriquez nieto del Infante D. Enrique" married "D. Urraca"[1016].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I also records that “Doña Urraca su tia de la...Doña Juana, hermana de Doña Isabel su madre” married “Don Enrique Enriquez[1017].  On the other hand, the Livro Velho names "D. Urraca" as daughter of "D. Pedro filho de Fernam Rodrigues de Castro" and his wife, adding that she married "Henrique Henriques"[1018], which if correct means that she was URRACA Pérez de Castro, daughter of PEDRO Rodríguez de Castro & his second wife Isabel Pérez Ponce de León.  Neither of these suggested affiliations appears satisfactory from a chronological point of view, assuming that the birth date of Enrique´s father is correctly estimated to [1246], although the first possibility appears more likely than the second.  This hypothesis is corroborated by Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I which records that King Pedro in 1354 declared that “él lo mostraria que con derecho se podia partir de la...Doña Blanca, é que non era su muger” in order to marry “Doña Juana de Castro fija de Don Pedro de Castro que decian de la Guerra...muger que fuera de Don Diego de Haro fijo de Don Lope de Haro é nieto de Don Diego Señor de Vizcaya...”, adding that “Don Enrique Enriquez” was married to “Doña Urraca su tia de la dicha Doña Juana, hermana de Doña Isabel su madre” and that he supported the plan because the king granted him “el Alcazar de Jaen é el castillo de Dueñas é el castillo de Castro Xeriz[1019].]  Enrique & his wife had two children: 

(a)        ALFONSO Enríquez (-after 27 Jan 1343).  ...D. Anrique Anriquez de Sevilla, D. Alfonso Anriquez su fijo, Don Fernando Anriquez su hermano...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[1020]

(b)        FERNANDO Enríquez (-after 1350).  “...D. Anrique Anriquez de Sevilla, D. Alfonso Anriquez su fijo, Don Fernando Anriquez su hermano...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[1021]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “grandes parientes...Don Enrique Enriquez é Ferran Enriquez su fijo...” of “Doña Leonor de Guzman” present at Medina Sidonia, when the body of King Alfonso XI passed through the town in 1350[1022]

Infante Enrique had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2): 

b)         INÉS Enríquez ([1292/98]-)m JUAN Ponce, son of ---.  Señor de Cabra 1326, and Señor de la Torre de Pajares.  Adelantado Mayor of the borders with Andalucía. 

7.         Infante don FELIPE de Castilla y León ([1231], before 5 Dec-28 Nov 1274, bur Villalcázar de Sirga, near Carrión de los Condes, convent Santa María la Blanca of the Order of the Templars)The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Adefonsum, Fredericum, Fernandum, Philippum, Henricum, Sancium, Emanuelem" as the sons of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[1023].  Canon of San Salvador de Campo de Mira and of Toledo.  Abbot of Castrojeriz 1243.  Abbot of Valladolid 1243.  A charter dated 19 Mar 1243 records the election of "dominum Philipum…Regis Castelle et Legionis filium concanonicum nostrum" as "Ecclesie Vallisoletane…abbatem"[1024].  Elected Bishop of Osma 1245.  "Philippus abbas Vallisoleti…Regis Castelle filius" exchanged property with the church of Valladolid by charter dated 15 Jan [1247][1025].  Abbot of Covarrubias 1248.  Elected Archbishop of Seville 1249.  "Philippus..Regis Fernandi filius et Hyspalensis ecclesie electus et abbas Vallisoleti" reserved rights in la villa de Castrillo Tejeriego by charter dated 4 May 1253[1026].  He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments [5 Feb/10 Apr] 1258 in order to marry[1027]Señor de Valdeporchena, Piedrahita and Valdecorneja 1258.  "El infante don Felipe hijo del rey San Fernando, su mujer doña Leonor Ruiz de Castro, y su cuñado Fernán Ruiz de Castro" reached agreement with the Order of Calatrava concerning "la villa de Paredes de Nava y la mitad del Infantazgo de la reina doña Mencía" by charter dated 22 Sep 1269[1028]Knight of the Order of Templars.  He rebelled against his brother King Alfonso X and offered his services to the King of Granada.  m firstly (contract 6 Feb 1258, 31 Mar 1258) CHRISTINA of Norway, daughter of HAAKON IV "den Gamle/the Old" King of Norway & his wife Margareta Skulesdotter (1234-Seville 1262, bur Covarrubias, monastery of San Cosme and San Damian).  The Icelandic Annals record that "virgo Christina Haqvini regis filia" was sent to Spain in 1257[1029].  The Chronicon de Cardeña records the arrival in Burgos in 1254 of “la Infant fija del Rey de Noruega” and her marriage to “D. Felipe hermano del Rey…electo de Sevilla[1030].  The Icelandic Annals record the death in Spain in 1262 of "Christina Haqvini regis filia"[1031]m secondly ([1263/64]) INÉS Rodríguez Girón, daughter of RODRIGO González Girón Señor de Frecilla, Cisneros and Autillo [Mayordomo Mayor of King Fernando III] & his second wife Teresa López de Haro (-[1265], bur Villalcázar de Sirga).  m thirdly (before 22 Sep 1269) LEONOR Rodríguez de Castro, daughter of RODRIGO Ponce de Castro [Cabrera] Señor de Cigales, Mucientes y Santa Olalla & his wife Leonor González de Lara (-Santa Olalla 1275, after 27 Apr, bur San Felices de Amaya, nuns of the Calatrava order, transferred 1568 to Burgos).  "El infante don Felipe hijo del rey San Fernando, su mujer doña Leonor Ruiz de Castro, y su cuñado Fernán Ruiz de Castro" reached agreement with the Order of Calatrava concerning "la villa de Paredes de Nava y la mitad del Infantazgo de la reina doña Mencía" by charter dated 22 Sep 1269[1032].  The testament of "doña Leonor Rodríguez de Castro señora de Santa Olalla, hija de Rodrigo Fernández de Castro y de doña Leonor González" is dated 27 Apr 1275[1033]Infante Felipe & his third wife had one child: 

a)         FELIPE de Castilla (-young before 1274, bur San Felices de Amaya, nuns of the Calatrava Order).  His parentage is deduced by Szabolcs de Vajay from Felipe's burial in the necropolis of the Castro family[1034], although the author does not appear to have taken into account the fact that Felipe's mother was a member of the Cabrera family whose father had adopted the name "Castro" from his own mother's family. 

Infante Felipe had three illegitimate children by an unknown mistress: 

b)         FERNANDO Alfonso (-after 1284).  Szabolcs de Vajay records that he received a legacy in Duruelo from his brother Alfonso Fernández 1284[1035].

c)          ALFONSO Fernández ([1263]-1284 shortly before 24 Dec).  Mayordomo of his uncle Alfonso X "el Sabio" King of Castile 1 Sep 1283.  He constituted his brother Fernando Alfonso his legatee[1036]

d)         BEATRIZ Fernández (before 1273-).  Living unmarried in 1321, when Infanta doña Blanca de Portugal, granddaughter of Alfonso X "el Sabio" King of Castile, left a legacy to her[1037]

8.         Infante don SANCHO de Castilla y León (1233-Toledo 27 Oct 1261, bur either Toledo or Las Huelgas[1038]).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Adefonsum, Fredericum, Fernandum, Philippum, Henricum, Sancium, Emanuelem" as the sons of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[1039].  He was brought up by Don Rodrigo Jiménez, Archbishop of Toledo.  Studied at Paris University.  Archdeacon of Toledo 1248.  Elected Archbishop of Toledo 11 Mar 1251, consecrated 1259.  

9.         Infante don MANUEL de Castilla y León (Carrión de los Condes 1234-Peñafiel 25 Dec 1283, bur Uclés, Santiago convent)The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Adefonsum, Fredericum, Fernandum, Philippum, Henricum, Sancium, Emanuelem" as the sons of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[1040].  The Anales Toledanos name “Dñi Emanuelis fratris Regis” when recording the death of his son[1041]Señor de Elche y Villena 1248.  Señor de Escalona, Santa Olalla, Peñafiel, Agreda, Roa y Cuéllar.   

-        see below, Part B.  MANUEL

10.      Infanta doña MARÍA de Castilla y León (early 1235-[Nov] 1235, bur León, monastery of San Isidro).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Alienor, Berengariam et Mariam" as the daughters of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[1042].  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis records the death in 1235 of "Regina domina Beatrix" and "ante paucos dias…filia Regis Fernandi et Regine Beatricis Maria puellula" and her burial "Legione in monasterio Sancti Isidori"[1043]

King Fernando III & his second wife had five children:

11.      Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (1238-in France before 1264)"Johanna…Castelle [regina]" confirmed a donation to Saint-Vulfran, for the souls of "…bone memorie…regis Castelle et Legionis quondam mariti nostri" and tor the salvation of "nostre et Fernandi…filii nostri primogeniti", by charter dated Aug 1255[1044].  Also known as Ferdinand de Ponthieu.  Comte d’Aumâle, Baron de Montgomery et de Noyelles-sur-Mer. 

-        COMTES de PONTHIEU

12.      Infanta doña LEONOR de Castilla y León (1240-Herdeby, Lincolnshire 29 Nov 1290, bur Westminster Abbey).  The Annales Londonienses record the marriage "circa translationem beati Edwardi regis apud Boures" in 1254 of "Edwardus filius regis Henrici" and "Alienoram iuvenculam…sororem regis Hispanniæ"[1045].  This marriage was first proposed in 1253 in connection with settlement of the Spanish claim to Gascony, according to Matthew of Paris who refers to her as "sororem suam uterinani" in reference to "rex Hispaniæ" but does not give her name[1046].  She accompanied her husband on crusade 1270/72.  Crowned Queen 19 Aug 1274 at Westminster Abbey.  She succeeded her mother in 1279 as Ctss de Ponthieu, in place of her nephew Jean de Ponthieu Comte d'Aumâle, as the closer direct relation.  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "IV Kal Dec apud Herdeby in comitatu Lincolniensi" of "Alienora regina Angliæ domini regis consors"[1047]m (Burgos 18 Oct 1254) as his first wife, EDWARD Earl of Chester, son of HENRY III King of England & his wife Eléonore de Provence (Palace of Westminster 17/18 Jun 1239-Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland 8 Jul 1307, bur Westminster Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1272 as EDWARD I “Longshanks” King of England

13.      Infante don LUIS de Castilla y León (before 1243-before 20 Apr 1279)Invested as Señor de Marchena and Zuheros in 1253 when his mother retired to France.  m as her second husband, JUANA Gómez de Manzanedo Señora de Gatón, widow of RODRIGO García de Villamayor, daughter of GÓMEZ Ruiz de Manzanedo Señor de Valdelaguna & his wife María --- (-after 21 Jul 1305).  Salazar y Castro records her parentage and marriage[1048]"Mencía de Manzanedo, hija de Gonzalo Gómez de Manzanedo" ceded the usufruct of "la casa de Castriello" to "su tía doña Juana Gómez de Manzanedo", dated 21 Jul 1305[1049].  "Doña Juana Gómez de Manzanedo, viuda de don Luis infante de Castilla, hijo del rey San Fernando" made a donation to "su sobrina doña Mencía de Manzanedo hija de su hermano don Gonzalo Gómez de Manzanedo y mujer de Arias González de Cisneros señor de la casa de Cisneros" by charter dated 21 Jul 1305[1050].  "La Infanta Da Blanca" bought property in Briviesca from "Da Juana mujer que fue del Infante D. Luis" which she inherited from "Don Gomez Ruiz mio padre et de Donna Mencia mi madre" by charter dated Sep 1305[1051].  Infante Luis & his wife had two children: 

a)         [BERENGUELA de Marchena (-[1279]).  Szabolcs de Vajay says “perhaps the lady of that name, wife of Maymón de Châtelaillon” who was buried “1326, Old Cathedral of Lérida[1052]m MAYMON de Châtelaillon, son of --- (-bur 1326, Old Cathedral of Lérida).] 

b)         LUIS de Marchena (before 1267-before 1302).  Szabolcs de Vajay records his parentage[1053].  Señor de Marchena, Briviesca, Astudillo y Gatón.  

14.      Infante don SIMÓN de Castilla y León (1244-young, bur Toledo, Santo Domingo convent).  Szabolcs de Vajay says that “his burial place is given by the Cronica general”[1054]

15.      Infante don JUAN de Castilla y León (1246-a few days after his birth, bur Córdoba Cathedral).  Szabolcs de Vajay says that “his burial place is given by the Cronica general”[1055]

 

 

Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León, son of FERNANDO III "el Santo" King of Castile and León & his first wife Elisabeth von Staufen (Toledo 23 Nov 1221-Seville 4 Apr 1284, bur Seville, Cathedral Santa María).  The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Adefonsum, Fredericum, Fernandum, Philippum, Henricum, Sancium, Emanuelem" as the sons of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[1056]The Anales Toledanos record the birth 23 Nov 1221 of “el Infant D. Alfonso, fillo del Rey D. Fernando de Castiella…e…de la Reyna doña Beatriz, filla del Emperador de Alemaña[1057].  The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Rey D. Alfonso” as son of “Rey D. Ferrando” and his wife “Doña Beatriz, la sobrina del Emperador de Alemaña[1058].  "Ferrandus…Rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Regina Beatrice et filiis meis Alfonso, Frederico, Fernando" donated property at Villabañez to the church of Valladolid by charter dated 27 Apr 1226[1059].  "Ferrandus…Rex Castelle et Toleti…cum uxore mea Regina Beatrice et filiis meis Alfonso, Frederico, Ferrando, Henrico" donated the churches of Montealegre to the church of Valladolid by charter dated 25 May 1230[1060].  Alférez of his father Fernando III "el Santo" King of Castile 21 Aug 1242 to 22 Aug 1242.  He succeeded his father in 1252 as ALFONSO X “el Sabio” King of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Badajoz, Cordoba, Murcia, Jaén and Sevilla.  Immediately after his accession, he revived Castile's claim to Gascony and allied himself with Gaston VII Vicomte de Béarn[1061].  After the death in 1254 of Konrad IV King of Germany, King Alfonso claimed the duchy of Swabia (through his mother) and was supported by Pope Alexander IV writing to the Swabian nobility on 3 Feb 1255 and by Pisa under the treaty of Soria 18 Mar 1256[1062].  He attracted support from Brandenburg by the betrothal of his daughter to the eldest son of the Markgraf[1063].  He was elected ALFONSO King of Germany and King of the Romans at Frankfurt 1 Apr 1257 by Arnold Archbihsop of Trier, and the Saxon and Brandenburg rulers, but was unable to travel to Germany to stake his claim due to internal problems in Castile[1064].  King Alfonso ruined Castile financially while promoting his ambitions in Germany.  His brothers Infantes don Enrique and don Felipe rebelled against him, the civil war lasting from 1271-1274.  After the election of Rudolf von Habsburg as King of Germany in 1273, King Alfonso continued to press his claims to the Imperial crown and the Duchy of Swabia.  He sent Castilian troops to northern Italy to help his son-in-law Guglielmo di Monferrato attack the vicar of Lombardy appointed by Charles I King of Sicily[1065].  Queen Violante abandoned him in 1275, fearing for her life after the death of their oldest son.  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna doña Yolant mi muger y con nuestros fijos el Infante don Sancho fijo mayor y heredero, y con don Pedro, y D. John, y D. Jaymes" donated "la villa de Caztalla" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 1279[1066]Alfonso X sponsored a compilation of laws known as “Las Pastido”.  His younger son Sancho rebelled against him, deposed his father and had himself proclaimed King of Castile in 1282 by a Cortes at Valladolid.  Alfonso X nominated his grandson Alfonso de la Cerda as his successor but his wishes were not respected.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Apr 1284 of “Rex Alfonsus in Hispali[1067].  The Anales Toledanos record the death “pridie Non Apr” in 1284 of “Rex Alfonsus[1068].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Alonso" died and was buried "en Sevilla"[1069].  According to Szabolcs de Vajay, his viscera were buried separately at Murcia Cathedral[1070]

m (Betrothed 26 Nov 1246, Papal dispensation 23 Jan 1248, Valladolid 29 Jan 1249) Infanta doña VIOLANTE de Aragón, daughter of JAIME I “el Conquistador” King of Aragon & his second wife Violanta of Hungary ([1236]-Roncevalles 1301, bur Seville).  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "la primera…Violant…la otra Costancia…et Isabel…la quarta…Maria" as the four daughters of King Jaime and his second wife, stating that Violante married "Don Alfonso filio primogenitor del Rey de Castiella"[1071].  The betrothal contract of “dominus Infans Alfonsus...regis Castellæ...primogenitus” and “domina Violante filia domini Jacobi...regis Aragonum” is dated 26 Nov 1246[1072].  Pope Innocent IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of “rege Aragonum...Yola nata ipsius” and “Alphonsus primogenitus regis Castellæ”, related “quarta consanguinitatis linea”, dated 23 Jan 1249[1073].  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna donna Yolant mi mugier et con mis fijas la Inffante donna Berenguella et la Inffante donna Beatriz" confirmed rights of the church of Valladolid by charter dated Sep 1255[1074].  After her eldest son died, she fled to Aragon with his infant children.  Under the testament of "Jacobus…Rex Aragoniæ, Majoricarum et Valenciæ, Comes Barchinonæ et Urgelli, et Dominus Montispessulani", dated 26 Aug 1272, the king made bequests to "…filiam nostram Domnam Yolant…"[1075]Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna doña Yolant mi muger y con nuestros fijos el Infante don Sancho fijo mayor y heredero, y con don Pedro, y D. John, y D. Jaymes" donated "la villa de Caztalla" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 1279[1076]She died returning from a pilgrimage to Rome.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "la Reina D. Violante" was buried "en Sevilla" with her husband[1077]. 

Mistress (1): ([1240/41]) his aunt, MARÍA Alfonso de León, widow of ÁLVAR Fernández de Lara Señor de Lara, illegitimate daughter of ALFONSO IX King of León & his mistress Teresa Gil de Soverosa ([1222]-after 1252).  The Livro Velho names "D. Martim Affonso e D. Maria Affonso e D. Sancha Affonso e D. Orraca Affonso" as the children "d´elrey de Leão" and his mistress Teresa, daughter of "D. Gil Vasques de Sovorosa", adding that María married "D. Alvar Fernandes filho do conde D. Fernando de Lara o que jaz em Fiteiros" but was childless, later became mistress of "elrey D. Affonso de Castella seu sobrinho", and afterwards married "D. Suer Ayres de Valladares" by whom she was mother of "D. Pedro Soares de Sarraça e D. Affonso Soares" (listing their descendants)[1078].  She married secondly ([after 1240]) as his second wife, Suero Arias de Valladares “Sarraça”. 

Mistress (2): ([1242/43]) ELVIRA Rodríguez de Villada, daughter of RODRIGO Fernández de Villada & his wife María Múñoz.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Fernandez Niño" as the child of King Alfonso X and "D. Maria Daulada"[1079].  She was generally referred to as Elvira Valada or Daulada.  Living 1283.  She married (before 1250) Gonzalo Moran el Velho, Merino Mayor of León (-before 1283). 

Mistress (3): ([1243/48]) MARÍA [Mayor] Guillén de Guzmán, Señora de Alcocer, Salmerón, Viana and Azañón, daughter of GUILLÉN Pérez de Guzmán Señor de Vecilla & his wife María González Girón ([1225]-Alcocer before 1267, bur Alcocer, monastery of Santa Clara).  The Crónica del Rey Don Alfonso X names "doña Mayor Guillen…fija de don Pedro Guzman" as mother of King Alfonso X´s daughter "doña Beatriz, que fué casada con el rey don Alfonso de Portugal"[1080]

Mistress (4): ---.  The name of the fourth mistress of King Alfonso X is not known. 

Mistress (5): ---.  The name of the fifth mistress of King Alfonso X is not known. 

King Alfonso X & his wife had eleven children:

1.         Infanta doña BERENGUELA de Castilla y León (Seville [10 Oct/25 Nov] 1253-Guadalajara, convent of Santa Clara de Toro 1300, bur Santo Domingo el Real de Madrid)The Crónica del Rey Don Alfonso X records the birth of "la reina doña Violante de una fija…la infante doña Berenguela, que fué señora de Guadalfajara…en el comienzo del año" in the same year as the arrival in Castile of "la fija [del] rey de Nuruega…doña Cristina"[1081]Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna donna Yolant mi mugier et con mis fijas la Inffante donna Berenguella et la Inffante donna Beatriz" confirmed rights of the church of Valladolid by charter dated Sep 1255[1082].  She was recognised as her father’s successor 5 May 1255, in default of male heirs, until the birth of her brother 23 Oct 1255.  Installed as Señora de Guadalajara by her father.  Her betrothal is recorded by Matthew of Paris, although he does not give her name[1083].  She founded the convent of Santa Clara de Toro at Guadalajara.  A nun at Las Huelgas.  González reproduces an epitaph at Santo Domingo el Real de Madrid which records the burial of “la Infanta doña Berenguela, hija del rey don Alonso intitulado emperador[1084]Betrothed (Paris 20 Aug 1255) to LOUIS de France, eldest son of LOUIS IX King of France & his wife Marguerite de Provence (21 Sep 1243 or 24 Feb 1244-Paris 11 Jan 1260, bur Abbaye cistercienne de Royaumont, transferred to Saint-Denis 1817). 

2.         Infanta doña BEATRIZ de Castilla y León ([5 Nov/6 Dec] 1254-[1286])Her origin is indicated by Pachymeres who records the second marriage of Emperor Andronikos II and "Irenen, e dynastis…quos marcesios sive marchiones appellant…neptem regis Hispaniæ"[1085].  Her parentage is also indicated by Georgius Phrantzes who records that "Irene, e Lombardia oriunda atque filia sororis regis Hispaniæ et nepti marchionis Montisferratensis…qui Thessalonicam…et Thessalorum rex fuit" was the second wife of "imperator Andronicus"[1086].  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna donna Yolant mi mugier et con mis fijas la Inffante donna Berenguella et la Inffante donna Beatriz" confirmed rights of the church of Valladolid by charter dated Sep 1255[1087].  Her first betrothal was arranged by her father to attract the support of Brandenburg for his candidacy for the throne of Germany[1088].  Although the name of the king's daughter is not specified in the source, it could only have been Beatriz as her older sister Berenguela was already betrothed at that date.  The Chronica Jacobi de Aquis, dated to 1334, records that "Marchio Guliermus" married secondly "Beatricem filiam regis Anfoxi de Hispania"[1089].  The Chronicon Astense records that in 1286 "Guilielmus Marchio Montisferrati" went "in Hispania cum uxore sua Beatrice" who died there[1090]Betrothed (1256) to JOHANN von Brandenburg, son of JOHANN I Markgraf von Brandenburg & his first wife Sophie of Denmark ([1233/42]-Tangermünde 10 Sep 1281, bur Kloster Chorin).  He succeeded his father in [1266/67] as JOHANN II Markgraf von Brandenburgm (Murcia Aug 1271) as his third wife, GUGLIELMO VII Marchese di Monferrato, son of BONIFAZIO II Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Marguerite de Savoie (-in prison Alessandria 8 Feb 1292). 

3.         Infante don FERNANDO "él de la Cerda" de Castilla y León (Valladolid 23 Oct 1255-Ciudad Real 25 Jul 1275, bur Las Huelgas de Burgos)The Anales Toledanos record the birth in 1256 of “Dñs Fernandus, filius Regis Alfonsi[1091].  Mayordomo of his father King Alfonso X 21 Nov 1260, 19 Dec 1270-14 Mar 1272, and 6 Jun 1274.  He died of a fever during a campaign against the King of Morocco who had invaded southern Spain, after which his infant children were passed over in the succession to the crown of Castile in favour of his younger brother Infante don Sancho. 

-        see below, Part C.  de la CERDA

4.         Infante don SANCHO de Castilla y León (Valladolid 12 May 1258-Toledo 25 Apr 1295, bur Toledo, Cathedral Santa María)The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Infant D. Sancho” as son of “Rey D. Alfonso[1092].  He succeeded in 1284 as SANCHO IV "el Bravo" King of Castile and León

-        see below

5.         Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Castilla y León ([Feb/Oct] 1259-Las Huelgas 23 Jul 1280).  A nun at Las Huelgas. 

6.         Infante don PEDRO de Castilla y León (Seville [15 May/25 Jul] 1260-Ledesma 20 Oct 1283).  Twin with his brother don Juan.  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna doña Yolant mi muger y con nuestros fijos el Infante don Sancho fijo mayor y heredero, y con don Pedro, y D. John, y D. Jaymes" donated "la villa de Caztalla" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 1279[1093].  Señor de Ledesma, Alba de Tormes, Salvatierra, Galisto and Miranda.  The Anales Toledanos record the death “XIV Kal Nov” 1283 of “Dñs Petrus, filius…Regis Alfonsi et frater Dñi Fernandi[1094]m (Burgos 1281) MARGUERITE de Narbonne, daughter of AIMERY [IV] Vicomte de Narbonne & his wife Sibylle de Foix.  Infante Pedro & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO de Castilla "él de la Paz" (1283-1310, bur Ledesma).  He succeeded his father as Señor de Ledesma, Alba de Tormes, Salvatierra, Galisto and Miranda.  An epitaph in Ledesma records the burial of “Infante don Sancho hijo del Infante don Pedro y nieto del rey don Alonso el Sabio, señor que fue desta villa” who died in “1310[1095].  Presumably the title “Infante”, used only by the sons of kings, was an error. 

Infante Pedro had [one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress]: 

b)         [SANCHO (-Salamanca 1 Oct 1314, bur Salamanca San Francisco).  An epitaph in Salamanca San Francisco records the burial of “Sancho peh. fijo del Infante don Pedro, y nieto del...rey don Alonso” who died 1 Oct “Era 1352” [1314][1096].  It is assumed that this records a different person from Pedro´s son Sancho whose burial is recorded at Ledesma (see above).  If that is correct, this Sancho must have been illegitimate.] 

7.         Infante don JUAN de Castilla y León (Seville [15 May/25 Jul] 1260-Vega de Granada 25 Jun 1319, bur Burgos).  Twin with his brother Pedro.  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna doña Yolant mi muger y con nuestros fijos el Infante don Sancho fijo mayor y heredero, y con don Pedro, y D. John, y D. Jaymes" donated "la villa de Caztalla" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 1279[1097]Señor de Valencia de Campos. 

-        see below, Part D. Señores de VALENCIA de CAMPOS

8.         Infanta doña ISABEL de Castilla y León ([Jan 1263/Dec 1264]-young).  The Crónica del Rey Don Alfonso X names "doña Isabel…doña Leonor, que casó en Murcia con el marqués" as younger daughters of King Alfonso X and his wife[1098]

9.         Infanta doña VIOLANTE de Castilla y León (1265-[12 Mar 1287/30 Jan 1308]).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Diego", son of "D. Diego Lopez señor de Biscaya", married "D. Violante"[1099].  "Diego López de Haro señor de Vizcaya y su mujer doña Violante infanta de Castilla" granted "el lugar de Segoviana, aldea de Santa Olalla" to "doña Sancha Díaz de Haro su hermana" by charter dated 22 Apr 1287[1100]m (1282) DIEGO López de Haro Señor de Vizcaya, son of DIEGO López de Haro Señor de Vizcaya & his wife Constance de Béarn ([1250]-Algeciras 1310). 

10.      Infante don JAIME de Castilla y León ([1266]-Orgaz 9 Aug 1284).  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna doña Yolant mi muger y con nuestros fijos el Infante don Sancho fijo mayor y heredero, y con don Pedro, y D. John, y D. Jaymes" donated "la villa de Caztalla" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 1279[1101]Señor de los Cameros.  He supported his brother in the revolt against their father.  Nevertheless, his father left him the kingdom of Murcia in his will, although Jaime died before he was able to take possession.  The Anales Toledanos record the death “aput Orgaz V Id Aug” in 1284 of “Rex Alfonsus…filius eius Jacobus” aged 18[1102]

11.      Infanta doña LEONOR de Castilla y León (after 1274-1275).  The Anales Toledanos record the death in 1275 of “Dña Elianor filia Regis[1103].  The Crónica del Rey Don Alfonso X names "doña Isabel…doña Leonor, que casó en Murcia con el marqués" as younger daughters of King Alfonso X and his wife[1104]

King Alfonso X had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

12.       BERENGUELA Alfonso.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Berenguera" as the child of King Alfonso X and "D. Maria Alonso su tia", adding that she was childless[1105]Her marriage is given by Szabolcs de Vajay[1106].  This marriage is not shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[1107], although the latter does show the marriage of Urraca Alfonso, illegitimate daughter of Alfonso IX King of León, to Pedro Núñez de Guzman.  m as his first wife, PEDRO Núñez de Guzmán, son of GUILLÉN Pérez de Guzman & his wife Elvira Rodríguez (-after 1264).   

King Alfonso X had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2): 

13.       ALFONSO Fernández “el Niño” ([1243]-1281).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Fernandez Niño" as the child of King Alfonso X and "D. Maria Daulada"[1108]"Don Alffonsso Ferrandez, fijo del Rey…" confirmed the charter dated Sep 1255 under which Alfonso X King of Castile confirmed rights of the church of Valladolid[1109].  m BLANCA Alfonso de Molina Señora de Molina y Mesa, daughter of Infante don ALFONSO de León Señor de Molina & his wife Mafalda González ([1243]-Molina 1292, before 5 Dec).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D Alonso Fernandez Niño" married "D. Blanca señora de Molina", a later passage in the same source recording that "Blanca señora de Molina" was the daughter of "El Infante don Alonso" and his wife "D. Mafalda Perez"[1110].  Alfonso & his wife had two children: 

a)         ISABEL Alfonso de Molina (-5 Dec 1292)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Isabel" as the daughter of "D Alonso Fernandez Niño" and his wife "D. Blanca señora de Molina", adding that she died before her mother[1111].  The Crónica del Rey Sancho records that “don Juan Nuñez” arranged the marriage of “don Juan Nuñez su fijo” to “doña Isabel fija de doña Blanca de Molina” in 1290[1112].  The Crónica del Rey Sancho records the death in 1292 of “doña Isabel la mujer de don Juan Nuñez” childless[1113]m (1290) as his first wife, JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara y Albarracín, son of JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara & his [first] wife Teresa Álvarez de Azagra Señora de Albarracín ([before 1273]-Burgos Jul 1315 or after 16 Sep 1315).  No issue. 

b)         [MAFALDA] Alfonso de Molina (-young). 

King Alfonso X had one illegitimate child by Mistress (3): 

14.       BEATRIZ Alfonso (1242-27 Oct 1303, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça)The Crónica del Rey Don Alfonso X names "doña Mayor Guillen…fija de don Pedro Guzman" as mother of King Alfonso X´s daughter "doña Beatriz, que fué casada con el rey don Alfonso de Portugal"[1114].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" married "D. Beatriz", who in an earlier passage is named as daughter of Alfonso X King of Castile by his wife Queen Violante[1115]Señora de Alcocer, Salmerón y Vadesliras.  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Rex Alfonsus…comes Bolonie" was buried "Alcobacie cum uxore sua"[1116].  m (1253) as his second wife, AFONSO III "o Restaurador" King of Portugal, son of AFONSO II "el Gordo" King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Urraca de Castilla (Coimbra 5 May 1210-Lisbon 16 Feb 1279, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa María de Alcobaça). 

King Alfonso X had [one possible illegitimate child] by Mistress (4):

15.       [URRACA Alfonso .  Europäische Stammtafeln shows that Urraca Alfonso, illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso X, married "Pedro Núñez de Guzmán"[1117]Szabolcs de Vajay, on the other hand, says there is "no further record" of his daughter Urraca Alfonso[1118].  Salazar y Castro states that Urraca Alfonso married "Álvaro Pérez de Guzmán"[1119], although in another section of his work he names the wife of Álvaro Pérez de Guzmán as "doña María de la Cerda Señora de Gibraleón"[1120].  It is possible that Europäische Stammtafeln has confused this Urraca with Urraca, daughter of Alfonso IX King of León, who married Pedro Núñez de Guzman.  The contradictory evidence provided by Salazar y Castro has not yet been explained.  m ÁLVARO Pérez de Guzmán, son of NUÑO Guillén de Guzmán & his wife Teresa Álvarez de Manzandeo (-after 1280).]

King Alfonso X had one illegitimate child by Mistress (5):

16.       MARTÍN Alfonso.  Abbot of Valladolid. 

 

 

Infante don SANCHO de Castilla y León, son of ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile and León & his wife Infante doña Violante de Aragón (Valladolid 12 May 1258-Toledo 25 Apr 1295, bur Toledo, Cathedral Santa María).  The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Infant D. Sancho” as son of “Rey D. Alfonso[1121].  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna donna Yolant mi mujer et con nuestro ffijo el Infante don Ferrando primero et yeredero e con nuestro ffijo el Inffante don Sancho" granted rights of the church of Valladolid by charter dated 9 Jul 1258[1122].  Mayordomo of his father King Alfonso X [1276]-7 Jul 1277.  He fought with his brother Fernando de la Cerda 1275 against the king of Morocco who had invaded southern Spain.  After his brother’s death, the nobles recognised Sancho as heir to the throne over the former’s infant children, confirmed by a Cortes at Segovia 1276.  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna doña Yolant mi muger y con nuestros fijos el Infante don Sancho fijo mayor y heredero, y con don Pedro, y D. John, y D. Jaymes" donated "la villa de Caztalla" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 1279[1123]Sancho rebelled against his father together with his brother Juan, and had his father deposed and himself proclaimed King of Castile 1282 by a Cortes at Valladolid.  After further disputes with his father, he succeeded in 1284 as SANCHO IV "el Bravo" King of Castile and León.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Apr 1295 of “Rex Dns Sancius Toleti[1124].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death “III Kal Mai” in 1295 of “Dñs Sancius Rex Castellæ[1125]

Betrothed (6 Feb 1270, contract broken before Jun 1281) to GUILLELMA de Béarn, daughter of GASTON [VII] de Moncada Vicomte de Béarn & his first wife Mathe [Amata] de Marsan [Mastas] Ctss de Bigorre ([1245/55]-1309).  The contract between "domini Gastonis…vicecomitis Bearnensis" and "Alfonso…regi Castellæ et dominæ Violant reginæ Castellæ…uxori" provides for the marriage between "Guillelmam filiam" of the former to "infanti domino Sancio filio" of the latter, witnessed by "domino Lop…domino de Biscaia, Didaco Lopi de Haro…", dated 6 Feb 1270[1126]

m (Toledo Jul 1282) MARÍA Alfonso de Molina “la Grande”, daughter of Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León Señor de Molina y Mesa & his third wife Mayor Alfonso de Meneses Señora de Montealegre and Tiedra ([1264]-Valladolid 1 Jul 1321, bur Valladolid, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real called Las Huelgas de Valladolid).  The Chronicon de Cardeña records that “El Rey D. Sancho” married “la Reyna Doña Maria…fija del Infant D. Alfonso…de Molina…hermano del Rey D. Ferrando[1127]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Jul 1282 of “Rex Dns Sancius, adhuc Infans” and “Regina Dna Maria Toleti[1128].  She received Valladolid, Toro, Ecija, Zafra and Astudillo as her dowry in 1284[1129].  Regent of Castile for her son King Fernando IV 1295-1314 and for her grandson King Alfonso XI 1314-1321.  The testament of "doña Maria…reyna de Castilla, de Leon, y señora de Molina", dated 29 Jun 1321, names "el Rey D. Fernando mio fijo", makes donations for the souls of "el Rey don Sancho…doña Blanca mi hermana señora que fue de Molina...el Ynfante D. Enrique mio fijo", provides for "el Rey don Alfonso mio nieto…la Infanta doña Isabel mi fija…Infante don Felipe mio fijo…doña Maria mia sobrina muger que fue del Infante d. Juan"[1130]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Jul 1321 of “Regina Dna Maria in Valleoleti”, adding in a later passage that she was buried in “monasterium de Olgis[1131]The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the death 1 Jun of “la Reyna Doña Maria” in “el monasterio de Sanct Francisco de Valledolit” and her burial “en su monasterio en Sancta Maria la Real...agora se llama las Huelgas de Valledolit[1132]

Mistress (1): MARÍA Alfonso de Meneses Señora de Ucero, wife of JUAN García de Usero Señor de Usero, daughter of ALFONSO Alfonso de Meneses & his wife Mayor González Girón.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Alonso llamado de Usero" as the child of "D. Alonso Tellez Tizon", recording that she married "D. Juan Garcia Usero, señor del lugar deste nombre" and was afterwards mistress of "el Rey D. Sancho de Castilla", an earlier passage naming "D. María de Ucero" as the mother of King Sancho´s daughter "D. Violante Sanchez"[1133].  Her name is confirmed by the charter dated 17 Apr 1293 under which "Fernán Ruiz de Castro pertiguero mayor de Tierra de Santiago" granted arras to "su mujer hija del rey Sancho IV y de doña María Alfón Uceiro"[1134]

Mistress (2): MARÍA Pérez.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos does not name the mother of King Sancho´s son "D. Alonso Sanchez"[1135]. 

Mistress (3): ---.  The name of the third mistress of King Sancho IV is not known. 

King Sancho IV & his wife had seven children:

1.         Infanta doña ISABEL de Castilla y León (Toro 1283-24 Jul 1328)The Livro Velho names "a infanta D. Isabel…a infanta D. Brites" as the daughters of King Sancho IV and his wife[1136].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Dec 1293 of “Regem Aragonum” and “Infantissam Dnam Elisabeth, filiam Regis Dni Sancii, in Soria[1137].  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records the marriage of King Jaime and "el Rey de Castiella…su filla…Maria" (presumably an error for Isabel) despite their consanguinity, commenting that the marriage was never consummated and was annulled[1138].  Señora de Guadalajara.  The Papal dispensation for the marriage of "Johanni primogenito...Arturi ducs Britanniæ vicecomitis Lemovicensis" and “Isabellæ natæ claræ memoriæ Sancii Castellæ regis”, dated 21 Jun 1310, records her 3o consanguinity with “Isabellis nata...filii...Caroli nati...Philippi regis Francorum prior uxor tua[1139].  Vicomtesse de Limoges, by grant of her second husband.  "Johannes ducis Britannie primogenitus vicecomes Lemovicensis" granted “vicecomitatum Lemovicensem” to “Ysabellam...Sancii quondam regis Castelle et Legionis filiam” by charter dated Mar 1312[1140]The testament of "doña Maria…reyna de Castilla, de Leon, y señora de Molina", dated 29 Jun 1321, provides for "…la Infanta doña Isabel mi fija…Infante don Felipe mio fijo…doña Maria mia sobrina muger que fue del Infante d. Juan"[1141]Betrothed to ALFONSO de la Cerda de Castilla, son of Infante don FERNANDO "él de la Cerda" de Castilla y León & his wife Blanche de France (Valladolid 1270-Piedrahita shortly after 23 Dec 1324).  m firstly (Soria Dec 1291 or Dec 1293, unconsummated, annulled 1295 for consanguinity) as his first wife, JAIME II King of Aragon, son of PEDRO III "el Grande" King of Aragon & his wife Constanza di Sicilia [Hohenstaufen] (Valencia 10 Aug 1267-Barcelona 5 Nov 1327, bur Barcelona church of San Francisco, transferred to Monastery of Santa Cruz, prov Tarragona).  m secondly (Burgos 1310) JEAN de Bretagne, son of ARTHUR II Duke of Brittany & his first wife Marie de Limoges (Châteauroux, Indre 8 Mar 1286-Caen, Calvados 30 Apr 1341, bur Ploërmel, Morbihan, Chapelle des Carmes).  Vicomte de Limoges 1301.  He succeeded his father in 1312 as JEAN III "le Bon" Duke of Brittany

2.         Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (Seville 6 Dec 1285-Jaen 7 Sep 1312, bur Córdoba Santa María)The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the birth in Dec 1285 of “Rex Dns Fernandus, filius Regis Dni Sancii, in Hispali[1142].  He succeeded his father in 1295 as FERNANDO IV "el Ajurno" King of Castile and León.   

-        see below

3.         Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León (Valladolid Jan 1286-Valladolid Aug 1291)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando, D. Pedro, D. Alonso, D. Enrique, D. Felipe" as the sons of King Alfonso IV and his wife, adding that Alfonso, Enrique and Felipe were childless[1143].  The Crónica del Rey Sancho records that the marriage was arranged between “el Rey...infante don Alfonso su fijo” and “doña Juana fija de don Juan Nuñez”, but that “este infante don Alfonso su fijo” died, dated to 1291 from the context[1144]Betrothed (1291) to JUANA Núñez de Lara "la Palomilla" Señora de Lerma, Villafranca, Dueñas, Fuente-Empudia, Torrelobatón and Herrera, daughter of JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara & his [first/second wife Teresa Álvarez de Azagra Señora de Albarracín/Teresa Díaz de Haro] (-Palencia 12 Jun 1351). 

4.         Infante don ENRIQUE de Castilla y León (Vitoria 1288-1299).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando, D. Pedro, D. Alonso, D. Enrique, D. Felipe" as the sons of King Alfonso IV and his wife, adding that Alfonso, Enrique and Felipe were childless[1145].  The Livro Velho names "…o infante D. Henrique que foi mudo…" as fifth son of King Sancho IV and his wife[1146]The Crónica del Rey Fernando IV records that “el infante don Enrique, fijo del rey don Sancho” held “Vizcaya” which “don Diego Lopez de Haro, que era en Aragon” demanded after the death of Enrique´s father, dated to [1295] from the context[1147]

5.         Infante don PEDRO de Castilla y León (Valladolid 1290-killed in battle Vega de Granada 25 Jun 1319, bur Burgos Las Huelgas)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando, D. Pedro, D. Alonso, D. Enrique, D. Felipe" as the sons of King Alfonso IV and his wife, adding that Alfonso, Enrique and Felipe were childless[1148].  Señor de los Cameros (½), Almazán, Berlanga, Monteagudo and Cifuentes.  Mayordomo mayor of his brother King Fernando IV 25 Feb 1310-29 Jan 1311.  Tutor of his nephew Alfonso XI.  He was killed fighting the Moors.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Jun 1319 of “Infantes Dns Joannes et Dns Petrus, in Vega Granatæ[1149]m (Calatayud Dec 1311) Infanta doña MARÍA de Aragón, daughter of JAIME II King of Aragon & his second wife Blanche di Sicilia [Anjou] (-Sijena 1327).  The Livro Velho records that "o infante D. Pedro…filho delrey D. Sancho e da raynha D. Maria" married "a infante D. Maria d´Aragam"[1150].  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "la primera…Doña Maria…la segunda Doña Costança…la tercera…Doña Isabel…la quarta…Doña Blancha…la quinta…Doña Violante" as the five daughters of King Jaime II and his wife Blanca, stating that María was the wife "del infant Don Po de Castiella"[1151]Alfonso XI King of Castile defended the monastery of Las Huelgas de Burgos against claims relating to the debts of "Inffante Donna Maria Sennora de las Huelgas, mugier que fue del Inffante don Pedro mio tio" by charter dated Oct 1331[1152]Pedro & his wife had one child: 

a)         BLANCA de Castilla (after 1315-Las Huelgas 1375)The Livro Velho names "D. Branca" as the child of "o infante D. Pedro…filho delrey D. Sancho e da raynha D. Maria" and his wife "a infante D. Maria d´Aragam", adding that she married "infante D. Pedro de Portugal"[1153].  Abbess of Las Huelgas 1331.  m (Alfayete Sep 1325, non-consummated, annulled 1330) as his first wife, Infante dom PEDRO de Portugal, son of AFONSO IV King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Beatriz de Castilla y León ((Coimbra 18 Apr 1320-killed Estremos 18 Jan 1367, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  He succeeded his father in 1357 as PEDRO I "o Justiceiro" King of Portugal

6.         Infante don FELIPE de Castilla y León (Seville 28 May 1292-Madrid [13/30] Apr 1327)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando, D. Pedro, D. Alonso, D. Enrique, D. Felipe" as the sons of King Alfonso IV and his wife, adding that Alfonso, Enrique and Felipe were childless[1154].  Señor de Cabrera y Ribera.  He succeeded in cornering power successfully and amassed a great fortune.  Regent of Castile 1319-1325 for his nephew King Alfonso XI.  The testament of "doña Maria…reyna de Castilla, de Leon, y señora de Molina", dated 29 Jun 1321, provides for "…la Infanta doña Isabel mi fija…Infante don Felipe mio fijo…doña Maria mia sobrina muger que fue del Infante d. Juan"[1155]Edward II King of England wrote to “Philippo Infanti nato regis Hispaniæ...nepoti nostro” requesting his support in certain negotiations by charter dated 1 Apr 1324[1156]Mayordomo mayor of Castile 27 Dec 1325 to 6 Jan 1327.  His allies ended by rebelling against him.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Apr 1327 of “Infans Dns Philippus, filius Regis Dni Sancii in majorat[1157]m (before Nov 1315) MARGARITA de la Cerda Señora de Lemos y Sarría, daughter of ALFONSO de la Cerda & his wife Mathilde de Brienne-Eu (in France 1293-after 4 May 1328).  The testament of "doña Margarita de la Cerda, mujer de don Felipe infante de Castilla" is dated 4 May 1328[1158]

7.         Infanta doña BEATRIZ de Castilla y León (Toro 1293-Lisbon 25 Oct 1359)The Livro Velho names "a infanta D. Isabel…a infanta D. Brites" as the daughters of King Sancho IV and his wife[1159].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Alonso…Rey" married "D. Beatriz"[1160].  After her husband died, she became a nun at Santa Clara in Coimbra.  The codicil of “Donna Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal”, dated 27 Dec 1354, amending her testament dated 21 Mar 1349, made bequests to “Raynha de Castella minha filha...Raynha de Aragon minha filha...Infante Dom Fernando meu neto...Infanta Donna Maria minha neta...Branca do Avellal e seos filhos...Lourenço filho de Martim de Avelal e sa esposa...Vasco e a Joanne filho do dito Martim de Avelal...Vasco e a Pedro filhos de Leonor Martins...Maria Rodrigues a Aya...Maria Migueis...Donna Izabel de Cardena Abbadeça de Santa Clara de Coimbra”, and appointed “Martim do Avelal meu Copeiro mor...” as one of her executors[1161].  The testament of “D. Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 9 Dec 1358, chose burial “na See de Lisboa” with her husband, made bequests to “El Rey D. Pedro meu filho...Infante D. Fernando meu neto...Infante D. Maria minha neta...Infante D. Joaõ meu neto...Infante D. Deniz meu neto...Infante D. Beatriz minha neta...D. Maria Girona minha sobrinha...Branca Lourenço do Avelal...Leonor Gonçalves...” and many others, and names “el Rey D. Affonso meu Senhor...Raynha D. Leonor Daragom minha filha...Lourenço Martins do Avelal...o Infante Dom Felipe meu Irmaõ...a Rainha de Castella minha filha...[1162]The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death 26 Oct 1359 of “Reyna de Portugal è do Algarve Doña Beatris, molher…do…Rey D. Afonso ò quarto…è filo do…Rey D. Sancho de Castella” and her burial “en na See de Lixboa[1163]m (Lisbon 12 Sep 1309) Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal, son of DINIZ King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Isabel de Aragón (Lisbon 8 Feb 1291-Lisbon 28 May 1357, bur Lisbon Cathedral).  He succeeded his father in 1325 as AFONSO IV “o Osado” King of Portugal

King Sancho IV had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

8.          VIOLANTE Sánchez de Castilla (before 1280-after 30 May 1326)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Fernan Roiz", son of "D. Estevan Fernandez", married "D. Violante Sanchez hija del Rey D. Sancho de Castilla i de D. Maria de Usero"[1164].  "Esteban Fernández de Castro, pertiguero mayor de tierra de Santiago, señor de Lemos" promised arras to "doña Violante señora de Ucero, hija bastarda del rey Sancho IV" for her marriage to "Fernando Ruiz de Castro su hijo" by charter dated 18 Jun 1281[1165].  "Fernán Ruiz de Castro pertiguero mayor de Tierra de Santiago" granted arras to "su mujer hija del rey Sancho IV y de doña María Alfón Uceiro" by charter dated 17 Apr 1293[1166].  "Pedro Fernández de Castro el de la Guerra" divided property with "su madre doña Violante hija bastarda del rey Sancho IV" by charter dated 18 Feb 1316[1167].  "Doña Violante, viuda de Fernando Rodríguez de Castro e hija del rey Sancho IV" became a nun in the Order of Santiago, at the hands of Pope John XXII, by charter dated 30 May 1326[1168]m (contract 18 Feb 1293) FERNANDO Rodríguez de Castro Señor de Lemos y Sarría, son of ESTEBAN Fernández de Castro Señor de Lemos y Sarria & his wife Aldonza Rodríguez (before 18 Feb 1316). 

King Sancho IV had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2): 

9.          ALFONSO Sánchez de CastillaThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Sanchez" as the son of King Alfonso IV but does not name his mother[1169]m as her second husband, MARÍA Díaz de Haro, widow of NUÑO Díaz de Castañeda, daughter of DIEGO López de Haro [Vizcaya] & his wife Teresa Álvarez de Lara.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Diaz" as daughter of "D. Diego Lopez de Salcedo" and his wife "D. Teresa Alvarez, hija de Alvaro Fernandez Potestade", recording in an earlier passage that "D. Alonso Sanchez" married "D. Maria Diaz de Salzedo", in another passage that "Lope o Loy de Mendoça" married "D. Maria Diaz", and in a fourth passage that "Nuno o Maño Diaz de Castañeda" married "D. Maria Diaz" (adding that the couple was childless)[1170].  She married thirdly Lope de Mendoza

King Sancho IV had one illegitimate child by Mistress (3):

10.       TERESA Sánchez de CastillaThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Teresa Sanchez" as the daughter of King Alfonso IV by "una Dueña de Burova", adding in a later passage that "D. Ruy Gil de Villalobos" married "D. Teresa Sanchez", and in a third passage that "Conde D. Juan Alonso de Portugal" married "D. Teresa Sanchez"[1171].  Salazar y Castro records her parentage and two marriages[1172].  m firstly RODRIGO Gil de Villalobos, son of RODRIGO Gil de Villalobos & his wife María López de Haro (-after 1295).  m secondly JUAN Alfonso de Meneses Conde de Barcellos Señor de Alburquerque, son of ALFONSO Téllez de Meneses Señor de Meneses & his first wife María Yáñez de Lima (-1304). 

 

 

Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León, son of SANCHO IV "el Bravo" King of Castile and León & his wife María Alfonso de Molina “la Grande” (Seville 6 Dec 1285-Jaen 7 Sep 1312, bur Córdoba Santa María)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando, D. Pedro, D. Alonso, D. Enrique, D. Felipe" as the sons of King Alfonso IV and his wife, adding that Alfonso, Enrique and Felipe were childless[1173].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the birth in Dec 1285 of “Rex Dns Fernandus, filius Regis Dni Sancii, in Hispali[1174].  He succeeded in 1295 as FERNANDO IV "el Ajurno" King of Castile and León.  During his minority, his mother (as regent on his behalf) played an active part in subduing rebellious factions led by Diego [V] de Haro and Diniz King of Portugal.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Rex Aragonum” captured “Regnum Murciæ” and invaded Castile in 1297[1175].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that the king dismissed “tutoriam Infans Dns Henricus” in Feb 1302[1176].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Rex Dns Fernandus” besieged Algeciras and captured Gibraltar in Aug 1309[1177]The cartulary of Tulle St Martin records the grant by "don Ferrando…rey de Castella, de Toledo, de Leon, de Gallizia, de Sevilla, de Cordoua, de Murcia, de jahen, del Algarbe et senor de Molona…con la reyna dona Costança mi muger" dated 1304, subscribed by "don Mahomet Abevaçar rey de Granada vassallo del rey, el Infante don Johan tye del rey, el Infante don Peydro hermano del rey, el Infante don Filipe hermano del rey, el Infante don Alfonso de Portogal vassallo del rey"[1178]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Sep 1312 of “Rex Dns Fernandus in Jaen[1179]The Crónica del Rey Fernando IV records the death in Sep of “el rey don Fernando[1180]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “el Rey Don Ferrando”, father of King Alfonso XI, was buried “en la Iglesia de Santa Maria de Cordoba[1181]

Betrothed (Nov 1294) to MARGUERITE de France, daughter of PHILIPPE IV "le Bel" King of France & his wife Juana I Queen of Navarre (-1294). 

Betrothed (1294) to BLANCHE de France, daughter of PHILIPPE IV "le Bel" King of France & his wife Juana I Queen of Navarre (-shortly after 1294, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). 

m (Valladolid 23 Jan 1302) Infanta dona COSTANÇA de Portugal, daughter of DINIZ King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Isabel de Aragón (3 Jan 1290-Sahagun 18 Nov 1313, bur Valladolid).  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Jan 1302 of “Rex Dns Fernandus in Valleoleti cum Regina Dna Constantia, filia Regis Portugaliæ[1182].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Nov 1313 of “Regina Dna Constantia in Sancto Facundo[1183]

King Fernando IV & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         Infanta doña LEONOR de Castilla y León (1307-murdered Castillo de Castrojeriz [Mar/Apr] 1359)The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records the marriage of "infant Don Jayme filio primogénito del rey Don Jayme" and "el Rey de Castiella…su filla", in a later passage naming her "Alienor" and recording that her husband refused to consummate their marriage[1184].  This marriage was presumably annulled, as shown by the following extract, although confirmation of the annulment has not been found in the primary sources so far consulted.  Edward II King of England appointed proxies for the proposed marriage between “primogenitum filium nostrum Edwardum” and “domicellam Alianoram sororem...Alfonsi...regis Ispaniæ“ by charter dated 6 Feb 1325[1185]The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records the marriage of Alfonso IV King of Aragon and "la filla de Don Ferrando rey de Castiella…Alionor", stating that she had previously been married to "su hermano el infant Don Jayme"[1186].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the contract in Jan 1329 for the marriage of “Rex Dns Alfonsus Aragonum cum Infantissa Dna Heleonora filia Regis Castellæ Dni Fernandi, in Agreda[1187].  Her second marriage was arranged as part of Aragon's renewed alliance with Castile, formed with the aim of reconquering Granada.  She became a disruptive influence in Aragon, plotting to advance the interests of her own sons over those of her stepson Infante don Pedro.  After her second husband's death, Pedro IV King of Aragon at first moved to confiscate her revenues and prosecute her protector Pedro de Ejérica, but in 1338 he confirmed her and her sons in possession of their domains, not wishing to antagonise Castile at a time when Spain was threatened by a new Moorish invasion.  She continued to plot against her stepson, eventually returning to Castile where she was also a disruptive influence.  Her nephew Pedro I "el Cruel" King of Castile imprisoned her with Juana de Lara and ordered her murder.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando, D. Juan" as the sons of "D. Alonso Rey de Aragon" and his wife "D. Leonor", adding that Juan was "vassallo del Rey D. Pedro de Castilla, que le mato juntamente con la Reina D. Leonor su madre"[1188].  m firstly (Gandesa 18 Oct 1319, unconsummated, presumably annulled) Infante don JAIME de Aragón, son of JAIME II King of Aragon & his second wife Bianca di Sicilia [Anjou] (1296-Tarragona 20 May 1334).  Procurator General of Catalonia until 1319 when he fled from his wife on their wedding day, and renounced his rights to the throne.  He became a Knight, later Grand Master, of the Order of St John of Jerusalem.  m secondly (Betrothed Agreda Jan 1329, Tarragona 5 Feb 1329) as his second wife, ALFONSO IV "el Benigne" King of Aragon, son of JAIME II King of Aragon & his second wife Blanche di Sicilia [Anjou] (Naples [Jan/Feb] 1299-Barcelona 24 Jan 1336). 

2.         [Infanta doña COSTANZA de Castilla .  González quotes an epitaph at Santo Domingo el Real de Madrid which records the burial of “la Infanta doña Constança, hija del Rey don Fernando, hermana del Rey don Alfonso XI, y tia del Rey don Pedro[1189]Florez doubts the credibility of this epitaph (the language indicates it is most likely not contemporary) and says “haviendo yo procurado informarme, he sabido que no hay tal Epitafio[1190].] 

3.         Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León (Salamanca 13 Aug 1311-Gibraltar 26 Mar 1350, bur Seville Santa María, later transferred to Córdoba Santa María)The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the birth in Aug 1311 of “Dns Alfonsus Rex, filius Dni Fernandi in Salmantica[1191].  He succeeded his father in 1312 as ALFONSO XI "el Justo" King of Castile and León. 

-        see below

 

 

Infante don ALFONSO de Castilla y León, son of FERNANDO IV "el Ajurno" King of Castile and León & his wife Infanta dona Costança de Portugal (Salamanca 13 Aug 1311-Gibraltar 26 Mar 1350, bur Seville Santa María, later transferred to Córdoba Santa María)The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the birth in Aug 1311 of “Dns Alfonsus Rex, filius Dni Fernandi in Salmantica[1192]The Crónica del Rey Fernando IV records the birth 13 Aug of “[el] infante don Alfonso su fijo primero heredero” to “la reina doña Constanza”, dated to 1311[1193]He succeeded his father in 1312 as ALFONSO XI "el Justo" King of Castile and León.  The cartulary of Tulle St Martin records the confirmation by "don Alfonso…rey de Castiella…" of donations made by his father on the advice of "la reyna dona maria nostra avuela et del Infant don Johan et del Infant don Pedro nuestros tios", dated 1318, subscribed by "D Johan fijo del Infant don Manuel mayordomo mayor del rey et adelantado del regno de Murcia, D Ferando fijo del Infant don Fernando, D Johan fijo del Infant don Johan, D Johan Alfonso de Haro senor de los Camos, D Ferrando fijo de don Diego, D Alfonso Tellez de Molina, D Ferrant Roys de Saldana, D Diego Gomes de Castaneda, D garci Ferrans de Villa mayor, D Lope de Mendoça, D Pedro Malrique, D Johan Remirez de Guzina, Don Beltran Yanos de Onate, D Roys Dios de Finojosa, D Johan de Castaneda, D Nuno Nunet de Aça, D Gonçalo fijo de don G Yans de Aguilar, D Roys Gonçals Maçanedo, D Per Anitians de Harana, D Lope Roys de Baeça, Gargilasso de la Vega merino mayor del rey en Castiella, El Infant don Felippe tio del rey et senor de Cabrera et de Ribera et partignero mayor de terra de Sant Yaguo…Don Garci Florens maestre de la cavalleria de la orden de Sant Iago, D Suer--- maestre de Alcantara, D Pedro Ferrans de Castro, D Ferrant--- Pons, D Gutierre, D Roy Gil de Villalobos, D Rodrigo de Villalobos, D Rodrig Alvarez de Asturias, D Diego Remirez, D Johan Arias de Asturias, Johan Alvarez Osoyro merino mayor de terra de Leon et de Asturias, Garci Rodrigues de Val carcel merino mayor de Gallisia, Johan Rodriguez de Roias algauzil mazor de casa del rey, Alfonso Joffre almirante mayor del rey en la mar, Diego Garci de Sotomayor notario mayor del regno de Leon, Ferrant Gomez notario mayor del rey en el regno de Toledo…"[1194].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Dns Joannes filius Infantis Dni Emmanuelis et Dns Joannes filius Infantis Dni Joannis” renounced their tutorship over King Alfonso XI in Aug 1325[1195].  He led the resistance to the invasion by Abu al-Hassan, Marinid Sultan of Morocco, defeating the Sultan at the battle of the river Salado 1340.  His siege of Algeciras followed 1342-1344, supported by knights from all western Europe, which put an end to Marinid expansion.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that King Alfonso XI died "Mancebo" and was buried "en Sevilla"[1196].  He died of the plague during the siege of Gibraltar.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that King Alfonso XI died at Gibraltar “por la pestilencia” 26 Mar 1350, and in a later passage his burial in Seville “en la capilla de los Reyes”, adding that his body was later transferred to “la Iglesia de Santa Maria de Cordoba, en la capilla dó yacia el Rey Don Ferrando su padre[1197]

m firstly (Valladolid 28 Nov 1325, annulled 1327) as her first husband, CONSTANZA Manuel, daughter of JUAN Manuel de Castilla Señor de Villena, Escalona y Peñafiel & his second wife Infanta doña Constanza de Aragón ([1323]-Santarem 13 Nov 1345, bur Santarem San Francisco).  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Nov 1325 of the king and “Regina Dna Constantia, filia…Dni Joannis filii Infantis Dni Emmanuelis” in Valladolid[1198].  She married secondly (24 Aug 1339) Pedro I "o Justiceiro" King of Portugal

m secondly (contract 26 Mar 1327, Alfayete Sep 1328) his first cousin, Infanta dona MARIA de Portugal, daughter of AFONSO IV King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Beatriz de Castilla (1313-poisoned Evora 18 Jan 1357, bur Seville).  The Livro Velho names "a rainha D. Maria e a infante D. Leonor" as the daughters of King Alfonso IV and his wife, adding that Maria married "elrei D. Affonso de Castella filho delrey D. Fernando e da raynha D. Constança"[1199]The marriage contract of “D. Alfonço...Rey de Castiella...” and “Don Alfonso...Rey de Portugal...la Iffante Doña Maria fija” is dated 26 Mar 1327[1200]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Sep 1328 of  the king and “filia Regis Portugaliæ consanguinea…dispensatione Papæ[1201]The testament of “Doña Maria...Reyna de Castiella y de Leon”, dated 8 Nov 1351, chose burial “en la Iglesia mayor de Sevilla” next to her husband, made bequests to “El Rey mi fijo[1202].  The codicil of “Donna Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal”, dated 27 Dec 1354, amending her testament dated 21 Mar 1349, made bequests to “Raynha de Castella minha filha...Raynha de Aragon minha filha...[1203]The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death 18 Jan 1357 of “Reyna Domna Maria de Castella, mulher del Rey D. Alfonso de Castella, è filha do…Rey Dom Alfonso de Portugal è da Reyna Doña Beatris” in “la Cidade de Ebora” and her burial at Seville[1204]

Mistress (1): LEONOR de Guzmán Señora de Medina Sidonia, widow of JUAN Sánchez de Velasco, daughter of PEDRO Núñez de Guzman & his wife María Girón (1310-murdered Seville 1351).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Alonso Mendez de Guzman Maestre de Santiago, D. Leonor Nuñez de Guzman" as the children of "D. Pedro Nuñez de Guzman" and his wife "D. Maria que fue de los Girones", an earlier passage naming "D. Leonor Nuñez de Guzman" as the mother of "Conde D. Enrique de Trastamar", son of Alfonso XI King of Castile[1205].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that, during the journey from Gibraltar to Seville, the body of King Alfonso XI stopped with “Doña Leonor de Guzman” at Medina Sidonia[1206].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Don Juan Nuñez de Lara Señor de Vizcaya” protected “Doña Leonor de Guzman” at Medina Sidonia in 1350, but in a later passage that she was imprisoned when she arrived at Seville[1207].  Her imprisonment can be dated to before 16 Jul 1350, the date of a charter which records that “Don Alfonso Mendez, Maestre de Santiago” had taken from Ucles “el sello de Cabildo de la Orden” which, after his death at Algeciras, was taken by “Doña Leonor de Guzman su hermana” with permission of King Alfonso XI, the document recording her subsequent arrest and imprisonment[1208]She was murdered on the orders of King Pedro. 

King Alfonso XI & his second wife had two children:

1.         Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León (Valladolid 1332-Toro [8 Feb/22 Sep] 1333). The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the birth in Valladolid of “[el] Infante fijo primero heredero...Don Fernando”, in 1332 from the context[1209]The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records that the king received news from Toro (where he had been sent to be brought up) of the death of “[el] Infante Don Fernando su fijo primero heredero”, dated to 1333 from the context[1210]

2.         Infante don PEDRO de Castilla y León (Burgos 30 Aug [1333/34]-murdered Montiel 22 Mar 1369, bur Seville Cathedral)The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the birth 31 Aug at Burgos of “un fijo varon...Don Pedro” to “la Reyna Doña Maria”, 1334 from the context although the text specifies 1333[1211]He succeeded his father in 1350 as PEDRO I "el Cruel" King of Castile and León.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “[el] Infante Don Pedro su fijo primero legitimo heredero, fijo de la Reyna Doña Maria su muger, fija del Rey Don Alfonso de Portugal” succeeded as king after the death of his father[1212]His reign was marred by conflicts due to the bitter enmity he felt towards his half-brothers, the illegitimate sons of Leonor de Guzmán, and in particular Enrique de Trastámara, who rebelled against him.  Pedro also incurred the enmity of France, who supported Enrique, as a result of his repudiation of his French wife.  Pedro IV King of Aragon also supported Enrique de Trastámara, declaring war on Castile 8 Aug 1356, a conflict which continued until the Peace of Tener 13/14 May 1361.  Enrique invaded Castile with French support in May 1363, capturing Valencia Apr 1364.  A further invasion followed in March 1366.  Enrique made rapid gains, reducing Pedro's area of control in Castile to Galicia, Cantabria and some areas adjacent to the border with Aragón.  Pedro fled to Portugal with his daughters, but after joining English troops led by the Black Prince at Libourne in September 1366 he returned to defeat Enrique at Nájera 3 Apr 1367.  Enrique's forces regrouped and invaded yet again end-1367, conquering León 15 Jan 1368.  Pedro was weakened by loss of support from England, and Enrique finally defeated Pedro at Montiel in March 1369.  Although Pedro escaped after the battle, he was killed soon after by Enrique's commander-in-chief Bertrand Du Guesclin.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that King Pedro died 23 Mar 1369 at Montiel[1213].  Betrothed (contract 2 Jan 1345) to JOAN of England, daughter of EDWARD III King of England & his wife Philippa de Hainaut (Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire [Feb] [1333/35]-Loremo, Bordeaux of the Black Death 2 Sep 1348, bur Loremo or Bordeaux or Bayonne Cathedral).  The marriage contract between “Alfonso...Castellæ Rege...consanguineo nostro...primogenitum dicti regis” and “Rex...Johannam filiam nostram” by charter dated 2 Jan 1345[1214].  King Edward III wrote a series of letters relating to the same betrothal dated 30 Aug 1345[1215].  King Edward III appointed proxies to ratify the marriage contract between “rege Castellæ...consanguineum nostrum primogenitum dicti regis” and “Johannam filiam nostram” by charter dated 17 Mar 1345 (O.S.)[1216].  A charter dated 1 Jan 1348 notified “Alfonso...Castellæ...Regi” of arrangements made for the journey of “Edwardus...[rex]...Johannam filiam nostram” to Gascony for her marriage to “primogenito vestro Petro[1217].  A charter dated 15 Sep 1348 notified “Alfonso...Castellæ...Regi” of the death of “Johannam filiam nostris...Burdegalis[1218]Betrothed (contract 1 Jul 1345, contract terminated before 1348) to Infanta doña BLANCA de Navarra, daughter of FELIPE III “el Bueno” [d’Evreux] King of Navarre & his wife Juana II [de France] Queen of Navarre (1330-Château de Neaufles-Saint-Martin, Eure 5 Oct 1398, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  The dates of documents which relate to Pedro´s betrothal to Joan of England suggest that his betrothal to Blanca de Navarra may have been an alternative, probably short-lived, agreement presumably arranged at a time when relations with England were not proceeding well and soon discarded.  m (contract 1351, by proxy Abbaye de Preuilly 9 Jul 1352 in person Valladolid 3 Jun 1353, purportedly divorced 1354) BLANCHE de Bourbon, daughter of PIERRE I Duc de Bourbon Comte de Clermont et de La Marche & his wife Isabelle de Valois (end 1339-poisoned Medina Sidonia [14 May/31 Jul] 1361).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the negotiations for the marriage of King Pedro and “[la fija] del...Duque de Borbon...Doña Blanca” in 1351, the king´s request for her to be sent to him in 1353, her arrival at Valladolid 25 Feb, preparations for their marriage (adding that Blanche was then 16 years old), and the marriage “en Sancta Maria la nueva de Valladolid” 3 Jun 1353[1219].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that King Pedro sent “la Reyna Doña Blanca de Borbon su muger” to Toledo and placed her “en el Alcazar de la dicha cibdad” in 1354, and in a later passage records that she was transferred to Siguenza in 1355[1220]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that King Pedro in 1354 declared that “él lo mostraria que con derecho se podia partir de la...Doña Blanca, é que non era su muger” in order to marry “Doña Juana de Castro...”, persuaded “los Obispos Don Sancho de Avila é Don Juan de Salamanca...con muy grande miedo” to proclaim that “el casamiento que el Rey ficiera con Doña Blanca de Borbon era ninguno”, and then married Juana “en la...villa de Cuellar” but left her “otro dia...é nunca vió jamas á la dicha Doña Juana de Castro[1221]Pope Innocent VI reprimanded the bishops and ordered the king to return to Blanche de Bourbon[1222]She was murdered 8 years later on his orders: Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the death while a prisoner in Medina Sidonia in 1361 of “la Reyna Doña Blanca de Borbon”, poisoned on the orders of the king, aged 25[1223]Mistress (1) (from 1352, supposedly married in secret at the time, made public 1362) MARÍA de Padilla, daughter of JUAN García de Padilla Señor de Villagera & his wife María González de Henestrosa (-Seville Jul 1361, bur Santa Clara de Escudillo, transferred 1362 to Seville Santa María).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that King Pedro “a Gijón” took “Doña Maria de Padilla...una doncella muy fermosa”, went “en casa de Doña Isabel de Meneses muger de Don Juan Alfonso de Alburquerque” and that “Juan Ferrandez de Henestrosa su tio, hermano de Doña Maria Gonzalez su madre” took her to “Sant Fagund”, in 1352[1224].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the death “en Sevilla de su dolencia” in Jul 1361 of “Doña Maria de Padilla” and her burial “al su Monasterio de Sancta Clara de Estudillo[1225].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that, after her death, the king announced to “sus Cortes...en Sevilla” that he “se avia desposado por palabras de presente con Doña Maria de Padilla” in the presence of “Don Diego Garcia de Padilla Maestre de Calatrava hermano de la dicha Doña Maria...Juan Ferrandez de Henestrosa tio de la dicha Doña Maria...Juan Alfonso de Mayorga su Chanciller del sello de la poridad é su Escribano...Juan Pérez de Orduña Abad de Santander é su Capellan mayor”, all of whom swore to the truth of the king´s assertion, and that this had taken place before he married Blanche de Bourbon who had therefore never been his lawful wife[1226]With today´s hindsight, the king´s declaration does not appear credible, supported as it was by two close relatives of María and by two advisers of the king who would have feared for their lives in case of disobedience.  Two other points also seem relevant.  Firstly, the king waited until after the deaths of both María herself and Blanche de Bourbon, who would have known the truth of the situation, before making his declaration.  Secondly, the issue was never raised at the time of the king´s purported marriage to Juana de Castro in 1354 (see below), when he was only concerned about divorcing Blanche de Bourbon.  Nevertheless, after the death of King Pedro, there must have been sufficient indications about the legitimacy of his children by María for the two English princes to have married her two surviving daughters, and for King Enrique III of Castile to have later married the sole heiress of the older daughter in order to close the chapter of the English challenge to his rule.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that, after this announcement the body of María de Padilla was transferred to “Sevilla...en la capilla de los Reyes...en la Iglesia de Sancta Maria[1227]Mistress (2) ([1354]) JUANA de Castro, daughter of PEDRO Fernández de Castro “él de la Guerra”, Señor de Lemos, Monforte y Sarria & his second wife Isabel Ponce de León (-Galicia 21 Aug 1374).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that King Pedro in 1354 declared that “él lo mostraria que con derecho se podia partir de la...Doña Blanca, é que non era su muger” in order to marry “Doña Juana de Castro fija de Don Pedro de Castro que decian de la Guerra...muger que fuera de Don Diego de Haro fijo de Don Lope de Haro é nieto de Don Diego Señor de Vizcaya...”, persuaded “los Obispos Don Sancho de Avila é Don Juan de Salamanca...con muy grande miedo” to proclaim that “el casamiento que el Rey ficiera con Doña Blanca de Borbon era ninguno”, and then married Juana “en la...villa de Cuellar” but left her “otro dia...é nunca vió jamas á la dicha Doña Juana de Castro[1228]Pope Innocent VI reprimanded the bishops and ordered the king to return to Blanche de Bourbon[1229]The testament of “Don Pedro...Rey de Castilla, de Leon...”, dated 18 Nov 1362, names his three daughters by María de Padilla as his heirs, and in default “Don Juan mi fijo é de Doña Juana de Castro[1230].  Mistress (3): MARÍA de Henestrosa, daughter of JUAN Fernández de Henestrosa & his wife ---.  Florez refers to (without a precise citation reference) a document in the archives of the Duques de Medina Sidonia, dated 1361, which names “D. Fernando fijo de nuestro Señor el Rey y de Doña Maria de Hinestrosa su madre[1231]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that the king took “Doña Maria González de Henestrosa, muger de Garci-Laso Carrillo hermano [de]...Gomez Carrillo”, dated to 1359 from the context[1232].  It is not known whether this passage refers to the same person.  Mistress (4): TERESA de Ayala, daughter of DIEGO Gómez de Ayala Señor de Casarrubios & his wife Inés de Ayala (-31 Aug 1424).  Florez records a donation made to Santo Domingo el Real by “Doña Ines de Ayala” which names “Maria mi nieta fija del Rey D. Pedro...de mi fija Doña Teresa, Priora...de las Sorores de Santo Domingo el Real”, dated 15 Jun 1395[1233].  Prioress of Santo Domingo el Real.  An epitaph in Santo Domingo el Real records the death 31 Aug 1424 of “Doña Teresa de Ayala, Priora deste Monasterio, hija de D. Diego Gomez de Ayala, Alcalde Mayor de Toledo, y de Doña Ines de Ayala[1234]Mistress (5): ALDONZA Coronel, wife of ÁLVARO Pérez de Guzmán Señor de Olvera, daughter of ALFONSO Fernández Coronel Señor de Aguilar & his wife Elvira de Biedma.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Don Juan de la Cerda fijo de Don Luis é Don Alvar Perez de Guzman Señor de Olvera” defected from King Pedro I in 1357 and went to Andalucía, triggered because the king wished to take “la muger de Don Alvar Perez, que era Doña Aldonza Coronel fija de Don Alfonso Ferrandez Coronel, hermana que era de Doña Maria Coronel muger del dicho Don Juan de Cerda[1235]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that in 1358 King Pedro captured “Doña Aldonza Coronel...” from “[el] Monasterio de Sancta Clara” in Seville, adding that they had met when she had sought a royal pardon for her husband during a truce in the war between Castile and Aragon, and placed her “en la Torre del Oro, que es en la tarazana[1236]Mistress (6): ([1362]) ISABEL de Sandoval, daughter of ---.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the birth in Sep 1363 “en Alamazan” of “un fijo de una dueña que tenia que decian Doña Isabel...Don Sancho”, adding that the king wished the child to be his heir and that he would marry the child´s mother[1237].  King Pedr o I had four illegitimate children by Mistress (1), declared legitimate and granted the title infante/infanta after the king´s declaration of his marriage to María de Padilla in 1362.  There appears little reason to doubt the illegitimacy of these children, given the lack of credibility attached to the king´s declaration, as discussed above. 

a)         [Infanta] doña BEATRIZ de Castilla y León (Cordoba 1353-Tordesillas 1369)Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the birth in “la cibdad de Cordoba” in 1353 of “Doña Beatriz su fija, la qual ovo en Doña Maria de Padilla”, adding that her father granted her “los castillos de Montalvan, é Capilla, é Buguillos, é el lugar de Mondejar, é Yuncos, que fueran de Don Alfonso Ferrandez Coronel[1238].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that, after the death of their brother Alfonso, the right of the king´s three daughters “para heredar los Regnos de Castilla é de Leon, cada una en sucesion de la otra” was recognised in early 1363[1239]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the Aragonese proposal in 1363 for the marriage of “la Infanta Doña Beatriz fija del Rey Don Pedro é de Doña Maria de Padilla” and “el Infante Don Juan fijo primogénito del Rey de Aragon...Duque de Girona”, rejected by King Pedro[1240].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the betrothal in 1366 of “la Infanta Doña Beatriz” and “el Infante Don Ferrando fijo del Rey Don Pedro de Portogal[1241]Nun at the Abbey of Santa Clara at Tordesillas.  Betrothed (1366) to Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal, son of PEDRO I "o Justiceiro" King of Portugal & his second wife Constanza Manuel (Santarem 31 Oct 1345-Lisbon 29 Oct 1383, bur Santarem São Francisco).  He succeeded his father in 1367 as Fernando I King of Portugal. 

b)         [Infanta] doña CONSTANZA de Castilla y León (Castrojeriz [Jun/Jul] 1354-Leicester Castle 24 Mar 1394, bur Newark Abbey, Leicester)Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that the king heard news in Jul 1354 of the birth of “una fija de Doña Maria de Padilla...Doña Constanza” in “la villa de Castro Xeriz”, adding that she later married “el Duque de Alencastre” and that their daughter “la Reyna Doña Catalina...es agora muger del Rey Don Enrique[1242].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that, after the death of their brother Alfonso, the right of the king´s three daughters “para heredar los Regnos de Castilla é de Leon, cada una en sucesion de la otra” was recognised in early 1363[1243]A late 15th century/early 16th century manuscript records that “Johannes Gaunt Dux Lancastrie et quartus filius Edward III” married secondly “Constanciam filiam regis Hispaniarum[1244].  She succeeded her father in 1369 as de iure Queen of Castile.  m (Roquefort, Guyenne 21 Sep 1371) as his second wife, JOHN of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster, son of EDWARD III King of England & his wife Philippa de Hainaut (St Bavon’s Abbey, Ghent [Feb/Mar] 1340-[Leicester Castle or Ely Place, Holborn, London] 3/4 Feb 1399, bur Old St Paul’s Cathedral, London).  He claimed the throne of Castile by right of his wife. 

c)          [Infanta] doña ISABEL de Castilla y León (Tordesillas 1355-23 Dec 1292, bur 14 Jan 1393 King’s Langley, Hertfordshire, Church of the Dominican Friars)Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the birth “en Oterdesillas” in 1355 of “una fija de Doña Maria de Padilla...Doña Isabel, que casó despues con Mosen Aymon fijo del Rey Eduarte de Inglaterra...despues Duque de Yort[1245].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that, after the death of their brother Alfonso, the right of the king´s three daughters “para heredar los Regnos de Castilla é de Leon, cada una en sucesion de la otra” was recognised in early 1363[1246]A late 15th century/early 16th century manuscript records that “Edmundo Langley duci Ebor fratri...Johannis ducis Lancastrie” married “Henricus rex Hispaniarum...tertia filia[1247].  The will of "Isabel Duchess of York, Countess of Cambridge", proved 6 Jan 1392, bequeathed property to “the King...the Duke of Lancaster...Edward Earl of Rutland my son...Constance le Despencer my daughter...the duchess of Gloucester...Richard my son[1248]m ([Hertford Castle] [1 Jan/30 Apr] 1372) EDMUND of Langley Duke of York, son of EDWARD III King of England & his wife Philippa de Hainaut (Abbot’s Langley, Hertfordshire 5 Jun 1341-King’s Langley, Hertfordshire 1 Aug 1402, bur King’s Langley, Church of the Mendicant Friars). 

d)         [Infante] don ALFONSO de Castilla y León (Tordesillas 1359-[Seville] 19 Oct 1362).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the birth “á Oterdesillas” in 1359 of “un fijo...Don Alfonso” to the king and “Doña Maria de Padilla[1249].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that, after the king´s announcement in 1362 about his marriage to María de Padilla, “Don Alfonso su fijo” was declared “Infante heredero[1250].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the death 18 Oct 1362 of “Infante Don Alfonso” a few days after the king arrived in Seville (although the passage does not state explicitly that Alfonso died in Seville)[1251]

King Pedro I had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2):

e)         [Infante] don JUAN de Castilla ([Jan] 1355-Soria 1405, bur Soria San Pedro, transferred to Madrid Santo Domingo el Real)The testament of “Don Pedro...Rey de Castilla, de Leon...”, dated 18 Nov 1362, names his three daughters by María de Padilla as his heirs, and in default “Don Juan mi fijo é de Doña Juana de Castro[1252].  An epitaph in Santo Domingo el Real, Madrid records the burial of “Señor Don Juan hijo del...Rey Don Pedro...e tres fijos suyos. Su vida e fin fue en prisiones en la ciudad de Soria.  Fue enterrado por madado del Rey Don Enrrique en San Pedro de la misma ciudad. Traslados a XXIV de Deziembre de XLII años aqui en esta sepultura soror Doña Costanza su hija priora deste Monasterio[1253]m ELVIRA de Eril, daughter of BELTRAN de Eril & his wife Magdalena de Falces.  Juan & his wife had four children: 

i)          PEDRO de Castilla (-Valladolid 28 Apr 1461).  Bishop of Osma and Palencia.  Mistress (1): ISABEL Drochelin, daughter of ---.  Mistress (2): MARÍA Fernández Bernal, daughter of ---.  Mistress (3): ---.  The name of the third mistress of Bishop Pedro de Castilla is not known.  Pedro had four illegitimate children by Mistress (1):

(a)        ALONSO de Castilla "el Santo".  Legitimated 30 Dec 1450.  Señor del Mayorazgo de Valladolid.  m (Valladolid) JUANA de Zúñiga Señora de Villavaquerín, daughter of DIEGO López de Zúñiga Conde de Nieva & his wife dona Leonor Niño de Portugal Señora de Valverde y Villavaquerín. 

-         CASTILLA en ANDALUCIA[1254]

(b)        LUIS de Castilla (-1506).  Prior of Aroche. 

(c)        ISABEL de Castilla.  A nun. 

(d)        ALDONZA de Castillam RODRIGO de Ulloa Señor de la Mota. 

Pedro had three illegitimate children by Mistress (2):

(e)        SANCHO de Castilla.  Legitimated 1450.  Señor de Herrera de Valdecañas.  Señor de Gor 1503.  m BEATRIZ Enríquez, daughter of JUAN Hurtado de Mendoza Señor de Almazán & his wife Inés Enríquez. 

-         CASTILLA, SEÑORES de GOR[1255]

(f)         CATALINA de Castillam DIEGO de Rojas Manrique Señor de Poza. 

(g)        CONSTANZA de Castilla.  A nun. 

Pedro had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

(h)        PEDRO de Castillam as her second husband, CATALINA Lasso de Mendoza, repudiated wife of LUIS II de La Cerda [Foix] Duque de Medinaceli, daughter of PEDRO Lasso de Mendoza Marqués de Santillán & his wife Juana Carrillo. 

-         LASSO de CASTILLA[1256].   

ii)         two other sons .  An epitaph in Santo Domingo el Real, Madrid records the burial of “Señor Don Juan hijo del...Rey Don Pedro...e tres fijos suyos. Su vida e fin fue en prisiones en la ciudad de Soria.  Fue enterrado por madado del Rey Don Enrrique en San Pedro de la misma ciudad. Traslados a XXIV de Deziembre de XLII años aqui en esta sepultura soror Doña Costanza su hija priora deste Monasterio[1257]

iii)        CONSTANZA de Castilla (-Madrid 1478).  An epitaph in Santo Domingo el Real, Madrid records the burial of “Señor Don Juan hijo del...Rey Don Pedro...e tres fijos suyos. Su vida e fin fue en prisiones en la ciudad de Soria.  Fue enterrado por madado del Rey Don Enrrique en San Pedro de la misma ciudad. Traslados a XXIV de Deziembre de XLII años aqui en esta sepultura soror Doña Costanza su hija priora deste Monasterio[1258].  Nun at Santo Domingo el Real de Madrid.  González reproduces an epitaph at Santo Domingo el Real de Madrid which records the death in 1478 and burial of “la...religiosa señora doña Constança de Castilla, hija del Infante don Juan y nieta del rey don Pedro...Monja professa desta Casa y Priora della muchos años[1259]

King Pedro I had one illegitimate child by Mistress (3):

f)          FERNANDO de Castilla (before 9 Jan 1361-young).  Florez refers to (without a precise citation reference) a document in the archives of the Duques de Medina Sidonia, dated 1361, which names “D. Fernando fijo de nuestro Señor el Rey y de Doña Maria de Hinestrosa su madre[1260]Señor de Niebla.

King Pedro I had one illegitimate child by Mistress (4):

g)         MARÍA de Castilla (-Toledo 17 Sep 1424).  Florez records a donation made to Santo Domingo el Real by “Doña Ines de Ayala” which names “Maria mi nieta fija del Rey D. Pedro...de mi fija Doña Teresa, Priora...de las Sorores de Santo Domingo el Real”, dated 15 Jun 1395[1261].  Nun at Santo Domingo el Real.  An epitaph in Santo Domingo el Real records the death 17 Sep 1424 of “Doña Maria, hija...del...Rey D. Pedro...monja en este monasterio[1262]. 

King Pedro I had two illegitimate children by Mistress (6): 

h)         SANCHO de Castilla y Sandoval (Alamazan Sep 1363-before 1448).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the birth in Sep 1363 “en Alamazan” of “un fijo de una dueña que tenia que decian Doña Isabel...Don Sancho”, adding that the king wished the child to be his heir and that he would marry the child´s mother[1263]Señor de Almazán.

i)           DIEGO de Castilla y Sandoval ([1364/66]-).    Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Sancho é...Don Diego” as the sons of King Pedro and “una Dueña que estaba en su casa”, born after the death of María de Padilla[1264]m ISABEL de Salazar, daughter of GONZALO de Salazar & his wife ---.  Diego & his wife had three children: 

i)          PEDRO de Castilla "el Viejo".  m BEATRIZ de Fonseca y Ulloa, daughter of JUAN ALFONSO de Ulloa & his wife Beatriz de Fonseca.  Pedro & his wife had one child: 

(a)        PEDRO de Castilla "el Mozo"Mistress (1): Infanta dona JUANA de Portugal, wife of ENRIQUE IV "el Impotente" King of Castile and León, daughter of DUARTE King of Portugal & his wife Infante doña Leonor de Aragón (posthumously Monte Oliveto near Almada-Tojal [20] Mar 1439-Madrid 12 Dec 1475, bur Madrid).  Pedro had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

(1)        ANDRES de Castilla m MENCÍA de Quiñones de Banares, daughter of JUAN de Banares & his wife Beatriz de Quiñones.  Their descendants bore the surname "de Castilla y Portugal". 

-         CASTILLA de GUADALAJARA[1265].   

(2)        PEDRO de Castilla

ii)         MARIA de Castillam (1434) GOME Carrillo de Acuña Señor de Pinto. 

iii)        ISABEL de Castillam GONZALO de Guzmán Conde Palatino Señor de Torija, Galindo y Gelves (-after 18 Sep 1456). 

King Alfonso XI had ten illegitimate children by Mistress (1) (the dates of birth of these children must be considered approximate, as the Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI in which their births are recorded appears to be about two years early in its dating of all events): 

3.          PEDRO Alfonso (Valladolid 1330-Guadalajara 1338).  The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the birth of “Don Pedro fijo del Rey et de Doña Leonor” at Valladolid in 1330[1266].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Pedro Señor de Aguilar” and “Don Sancho el mudo” as sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman” who died “seyendo niños en vida del Rey Don Alfonso[1267].  Señor de Aguilar de Campo Liébana y Pernia:  ...D. Pedro, fijo del Rey, e señor de Aguilar, Don Sancho, fijo del Rey, e señor de Ledesma...” subscribed the charter dated 16 Sep 1333 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of Córdoba[1268]

4.          SANCHO Alfonso ([1332]-before 1342).  The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the birth in Valladolid of “otro fijo de Doña Leonor...Don Sancho”, in 1332 from the context, adding that he was granted “el señorío de Ledesma[1269].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Pedro Señor de Aguilar” and “Don Sancho el mudo” as sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman” who died “seyendo niños en vida del Rey Don Alfonso[1270].  Señor de Ledesma: ...D. Pedro, fijo del Rey, e señor de Aguilar, Don Sancho, fijo del Rey, e señor de Ledesma...” subscribed the charter dated 16 Sep 1333 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of Córdoba[1271]The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records that “Don Sancho” was “sin entendimiento” and that the king therefore removed from him “el señorío de Ledesma” which he granted to his brother “Don Fernando su fijo[1272]. 

5.          ENRIQUE Alfonso (Seville 13 Jan [1334]-Santo Domingo de la Calzada 29 May 1379, bur Burgos Santa María)Twin with his brother Fadrique: the Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the birth 13 Jan in Seville of “Don Enrique et Don Fadrique fijos del Rey et de Doña Leonor[1273].  Señor de Noroña y de Cabrera: “...D. Enrique, fijo del Rey, y señor de Noroña y de Cabrera...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[1274].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Enrique Conde de Trastamara é Don Fadrique Maestre de Santiago su hermano” as the sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman” who accompanied their father´s body for burial at Seville[1275].  He led a long and bitter campaign against his half-brother, who had murdered his mother.  His army, under Bertrand Du Guesclin, defeated Pedro I who fled to Portugal in early 1366.  Enrique was crowned King at Burgos 29 Mar 1366.  However, Pedro returned and with English support (led by the Black Prince) at the battle of Nájera 3 Apr 1367 defeated Enrique who in turn fled to France.  Enrique regrouped with Papal support and the army of the Comte de Foix, conquered León 15 Jan 1368, and won his final victory at Montiel in Mar 1369.  Du Guesclin murdered Pedro I soon after, and Enrique proclaimed himself as ENRIQUE II "él de las Mercedes" King of Castile and León at Calahorra.  Crowned at Las Huelgas.  He restored order to the country, was magnanimous to his opponents, and carried out numerous reforms.  He distributed lands to his supporters, laying the foundation for the development of the Spanish nobility. 

-        see Chapter 5.  KINGS of CASTILE & LEÓN (TRASTÁMARA)

6.          FADRIQUE Alfonso (Seville 13 Jan [1334]-murdered Alcázar de Sevilla 29 May 1358)Twin with his brother Enrique: the Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the birth 13 Jan in Seville of “Don Enrique et Don Fadrique fijos del Rey et de Doña Leonor[1276].  Grand Master of the Order of Santiago 1342.  ...D. Fadrique, fijo del Rey, y Maestre de la Cavalleria de la Orden de Santiago...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[1277]Señor de Haro.  Adelantado mayor de la Frontera de Andalucía, until 1350.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Enrique Conde de Trastamara é Don Fadrique Maestre de Santiago su hermano” as the sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman” who accompanied their father´s body for burial at Seville[1278].  Camarero mayor of Pedro I King of Castile 1354.  Maestre de Santiago.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the circumstances of the murder of “Don Fadrique su hermano Maestre de Santiago” in Seville in 1358[1279].  Fadrique had two illegitimate children by CONSTANZA de Angulo, daughter of ---. 

a)         LEONOR de Castillam DIEGO Gómez Sarmiento, son of ---.  Marshal of Castile. 

b)         PEDRO de Castilla ([1355]-Orense 2 May 1400, bur San Francisco de Lugo).  Conde de Trastámara, Lemos y Sarría.  Condestable of Castile 1391 until his death.  He formed the League of Lillo, together with his cousins Leonor Queen of Navarre and Fadrique de Castilla Duque de Benavente, against Enrique III King of Castile.  m (1385) ISABEL de Castro, daughter of ÁLVARO de Castro Conde de Arroyolos, Señor de Cadaval y Ferreira [Condestable de Portugal] & his wife María Ponce de León.  Pedro & his wife had seven children: 

i)          FADRIQUE de Castilla ([1388]-Peñafiel 1430).  Duque de Arjona.  Conde de Trastámara, Lemos y Sarria.  m ALDONZA de Mendoza, daughter of DIEGO Hurtado de Mendoza Senor de Hita y Buitrago & his first wife María de Castilla.

ii)         ENRIQUE de CastillaEnrique had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

(a)        PEDRO Enríquez.  Bishop of Mononedo.

iii)        ALONSO de Castilla.

iv)        FERNANDO de Castilla.

v)         CONSTANZA de Castilla.

vi)        LUIS de Castilla.

vii)       BEATRIZ de Castilla (1398-1455).  m firstly DIEGO López Dávalos (-before 1430).  m secondly (1430) PEDRO Alvárez Osorio Conde de Lemos, Señor de Cabrera y Ribera. 

Fadrique had one illegitimate child by a Jewess "la Paloma".

c)          ALFONSO Enríquez (Guadalcanal 1354-Guadalupe monastery 1429)A later Abreviada (Continuator) of Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I names “Don Alfonso Enriquez, fijo del Maestre Don Fadrique, hermano del Conde Don Pedro, que es Almirante de la mar” when recording his marriage[1280].  Legitimated.  Adelantado mayor de León.  Señor de Medina de Rioseco, Aguilar de Campos, Valdunquillo y Bolanos.  Almirante de Castilla

-        ENRÍQUEZ

7.          FERNANDO Alfonso (Dec [1335/36]-[1350/51])The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the birth of “otro fijo al Rey de Doña Leonor...Don Ferrando”, the text specifying 1333, but the birth must have been in 1335 or 1336 for consistency with the other family births[1281]Señor de Ledesma: “...D.  Fernando, fijo del Rey, y señor de Ledesma...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[1282].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Ferrando Señor de Ledesma...Don Tello Señor de Aguilar...despues...Señor de Lara é de Vizcaya...Don Sancho...despues Conde de Alburquerque...Don Juan...Don Pedro” as sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman”, implying that they all survived their father as the same passage names the two sons who died as children[1283].  Señor de Ledesma: The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records that “Don Sancho” was “sin entendimiento” and that the king therefore removed from him “el señorío de Ledesma” which he granted to his brother “Don Fernando su fijo[1284].  Betrothed ([1350/51]) to MARÍA Pérez Ponce de León, daughter of PEDRO Ponce de León & his wife Beatriz de Ejérica.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Don Ferrando Señor de Ledesma, hermano del Conde Don Enrique” was betrothed to “una fija de Don Pero Ponce...Doña Maria Ponce” at Marchena, but that the marriage did not take place because Fernando died “á poco tiempo[1285]

8.          TELLO Alfonso (Mérida [1337]-Cuenca de Campos 15 Oct 1370, bur San Francisco de Palencia)The Crónica del Rey Alfonso XI records the birth at Mérida of “un fijo... de Doña Leonor...Don Tello”, the correct year of which is difficult to determine from the text[1286].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Ferrando Señor de Ledesma...Don Tello Señor de Aguilar...despues...Señor de Lara é de Vizcaya...Don Sancho...despues Conde de Alburquerque...Don Juan...Don Pedro” as sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman[1287].  Canciller mayor of his father Alfonso XI King of Castile 1342-1348.  Señor de Aguilar: “...D. Tello, fijo del Rey, y señor de Aguilar, y Canciller mayor del Rey...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[1288].  He was created Señor de Vizcaya, Lara, y Aguilar, Conde de Castañeda by his brother in April 1366.  Alférez mayor of his brother Enrique II King of Castile 1367 to 15 Apr 1370.  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the death 15 Oct 1370 of “el Conde Don Tello Señor de Vizcaya é de Lara”, adding that some said that he was poisoned on the orders of the king (“algunos decian que le fueran dadas hiervas...por mandado [del] Rey”) but that this is not certain, and his burial “en el Monesterio de Sant Francisco de Palencia”, finally stating that he died without legitimate heirs[1289].  Tello, in his testament dated 11 Sep 1370, bequeathed Vizcaya and Valmaseda to his brother King Enrique II[1290]m (Betrothed before Mar 1350, Segovia Aug 1353) JUANA Núñez de Lara Señora de Lara Señora de Vizcaya, daughter of JUAN Núñez de Lara [de la Cerda-Castilla] & his wife María Díaz de Haro [Castilla] Señora de Vizcaya ([1333]-murdered Castillo de Castrojeriz [Mar/Apr] 1359).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the marriage in Segovia in 1353 of “Don Tello” and “Doña Juana de Lara Señora de Vizcaya, fija de Don Juan Nuñez de Lara é de Doña Maria su muger”, to whom he had been betrothed during the lifetime of his father King Alfonso XI, adding that he thereby inherited “el Señorío de Vizcaya[1291]Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records in 1373 the claim made by “Doña Maria de Lara fija de Don Ferrando de la Cerda” to “las tierras de Lara é de Vizcaya”, which names “Don Nuño...Doña Juana...Doña Isabel” as the children of “Don Juan Nuñez de Lara Señor de Vizcaya” and his wife “Doña Maria”, all of whom died childless, adding that Juana married “el Conde Don Tello[1292].  Tello had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

a)         JUAN Téllez de Castilla (-killed in battle Aljubarrota 14 Aug 1385).  After his father's titles reverted to the crown on his death, he was created Señor de Aguilar de Campo by his uncle King Enrique II.  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I names “...Don Juan Señor de Aguilar é de Castañeda fijo del Conde Don Tello...” among those killed in 1385 at the battle of Aljubarrota”[1293].  m LEONOR de la Vega Señora de la Vega y Cisneros, daughter of GARCÍA Lasso de la Vega & his wife Mencía de Cisneros.  Juan & his wife had two children: 

i)          JUAN Téllez (-young after 1385).  He succeeded his father as Señor de Aguilar de Campo. 

ii)         ALDONZA Téllez (-1448).  She succeeded her brother as Señora de Aguilar de Campo.  m (1395) GARCÍA Fernández Manrique Señor de Estar, son of GARCÍA Fernández Manrique Señor de Estar y Villanueva & his wife Isabel Enríquez ([1370/79]-Alcalá de Henares 23 May 1436).  Mayordomo mayor of Infante don Enrique (later Enrique IV King of Castile).  Created 1st Conde de Castañeda 26 Jun 1429. 

Tello had one illegitimate child by --- de Butrón. 

b)         ALFONSO Téllez de Castilla.  After his father's titles reverted to the crown on his death, he was created Señor de Castañeda y la Tierra de la Reina by his uncle King Enrique II.  Legitimated 18 Nov 1371.  Señor de Portiello.  m as her second husband, ISABEL de Haro de Baeza, widow of GARCÍA Fernández Manrique de Havia, daughter of JUAN Ruiz de Baeza Señor de la Guardia & his wife Isabel de Haro. 

i)          JUAN Enríquez de Castilla (-1444).  Señor de la Reina.  m CONSTANZA Sarmiento, daughter of JUAN Rodríguez de Villamayor Señor de Melgar & his wife María Sarmiento. 

(a)        CONSTANZA Enríquez de Castilla (-after 15 Jun 1504[1294]).  Señora de la Reina.  m (1447) JUAN de Tovar Señor de Velamazán (-1490). 

Tello had two illegitimate children by an unknown mistress:    

c)          PEDRO Enríquez de Castilla.  Señor de Camporredondo y Cardano. 

-        SEÑORES de CAMPORREDONDO[1295].

d)         FERNANDO Téllez de Castilla

Tello had two illegitimate children by ELVIRA Martínez de Lezcano

e)         LEONOR Téllez de Castilla

f)          CONSTANZA Téllez de Castillam JUAN de Albórnoz Señor de Albórnoz. 

Tello had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

g)         MARÍA Téllez de Castilla (-after 20 Aug 1389).  Señora de Olmeda de la Cuesta 1389: Juan I King of Castile granted "el lugar de Olmeda de la Cuesta, en tierra de Cuenca" to "Doña María Téllez, hija de Tello conde de Vizcaya y de Castañeda, mujer de Juan Hurtado de Mendoza, mayordomo mayor del Rey" by charter dated 20 Aug 1389[1296]m firstly ÁLVAR García de Albórnoz Señor de Utiel, Beteta y Polyatos (-after 22 Jun 1380[1297]).  m secondly (1389) JUAN Hurtado de Mendoza "el Limpio" Señor de Almazán, son of JUAN Hurtado de Mendoza Señor de Mendívil & his wife María Señora de Mendoza ([1345]-Madrid 1419, bur Segovia, monasterio del Paular).  Alférez mayor of Castile 1372-1385.  Tutor of Enrique III King of Castile.  Mayordomo mayor of Castile 1391-1419. 

Tello had two illegitimate children by JUANA García de Villandrado

h)         ISABEL Téllez de Castillam PEDRO Vález de Guevara Señor de Onate. 

i)           ELVIRA Téllez de Castillam JUAN Fernández de Tovar Señor de Berlanga (-killed in battle Aljubarrota 14 Aug 1385). 

Tello had one illegitimate child by CATALINA de Calera

j)           JUANA Téllez de Castillam JUAN ALONSO de Baeza Señor de Ampudia. 

9.          JUANA AlfonsoAyala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Doña Juana que casó con Don Ferrando de Castro” as the daughter of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman”, and in a later passage records the couple´s marriage in 1354[1298].  The chronology of the family suggests that Juana was probably born after her brother Tello and before her brother Juan.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “el Conde Don Enrique” killed “Pero Carrillo, un Caballero de Castilla” in Aragon 1364 for saying that he “avia fama con Doña Juana su hermana del Conde, muger que fuera de Don Ferrando de Castro[1299].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Doña Juana su hermana del Conde [Enrique], muger que fuera de Don Ferrando de Castro” later married “un Rico ome de Aragon...Don Felipe de Castro[1300]The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly (Toro 1354, divorced) as his first wife, FERNANDO Ruiz de Castro Señor de Lemos y Sarría, son of PEDRO Fernández de Castro & his second wife Isabel Ponce de León ([1338]-Bayonne [May/Jun] 1375).  m secondly TAMARIT de Listera, son of ---.  m thirdly (1366) FELIPE de Castro Señor de Castro y Peralta, son of FELIPE de Castro [Aragón] Señor de Castro y Peralta & his wife Francisca Alemany Señora de Guimera (-hanged 1371). 

10.       JUAN Alfonso (Jun [1340/41]-murdered Carmona [Nov/Dec] 1359).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Ferrando Señor de Ledesma...Don Tello Señor de Aguilar...despues...Señor de Lara é de Vizcaya...Don Sancho...despues Conde de Alburquerque...Don Juan...Don Pedro” as sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman”, implying that they all survived their father as the same passage names the two sons who died as children[1301].  Señor de Badajoz y Jérez: ...D.  Juan, fijo del Rey, y señor de Xerez é Badájoz...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[1302]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the killing “en Carmona” of “Don Juan é á Don Pedro sus hermanos del Rey, fijos del Rey Don Alfonso é de Doña Leonor de Guzman” by “un Ballestero de maza del Rey...Garci Diaz de Albarracin” in 1359, adding that Juan was 19 years old[1303]

11.       SANCHO Alfonso (1342-Burgos 19 Feb 1374)Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Ferrando Señor de Ledesma...Don Tello Señor de Aguilar...despues...Señor de Lara é de Vizcaya...Don Sancho...despues Conde de Alburquerque...Don Juan...Don Pedro” as sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman”, implying that they all survived their father as the same passage names the two sons who died as children[1304].  Created Conde de Alburquerque, Señor de Ledesma, Alba de Liste, Medellín, Tiedra y Montalbán by his brother April 1366.  He succeeded his brother Tello as Alférez mayor 1370, until 15 Sep 1371.  His marriage was arranged as part of the peace treaty signed between his older brother Enrique II and Fernando I King of Portugal at Santarem in March 1373.  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records that “el Conde Don Sancho su hermano...Conde de Alburquerque” was killed 19 Mar 1374 in Burgos “la Infanta Doña Leonor fija del Rey Don Enrique[1305].  m ([Mar] 1373) Infanta dona BRITES de Portugal, daughter of PEDRO I King of Portugal & his third wife Inés de Castro (1347-Ledesma 5 Aug 1381).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “[el] Infante Don Juan, é [el] Infante Don Donis, é...la Infanta Doña Beatriz” as the children of “el...Rey Don Pedro de Portugal” by “Doña Ines de Castro”, adding that Brites married “el Conde Don Sancho hermano del Rey Don Enrique de Castilla[1306].  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the agreement in 1373 for the marriage of “el Conde Don Sancho, hermano del Rey Don Enrique” and “la Infanta Doña Beatriz hermana del Rey de Portugal...fija del Rey Don Pedro de Portugal é de Doña Ines de Castro”, as part of peace arrangements between Castile and Portugal brokered by “Don Guido Cardenal de Boloña Legado del Papa[1307]Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         LEONOR URRACA de Castilla "la Ricahembra" (Sep 1374-Medina del Campo 1435)Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the birth in Sep 1374 of “una fija...Doña Leonor que es agora muger del Infante Don Ferrando” after the death of her father[1308].  She succeeded her father in 1374 as Condesa de Alburquerque.  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique III records that, after the death of King Juan I, it was said that “Don Fadrique Duque de Benavente” had requested marriage with “Doña Leonor Condesa de Alburquerque, fija del Conde Don Sancho hermano del Rey Don Enrique...la Señora mejor heredada que se fallaba en España” (listing all her lands), but that this would have endangered the interests of the new king Enrique III, so her betrothal was arranged with “el Infante Don Ferrando hermano del Rey” by “el Arzobispo de Toledo é los Maestres de Santiago é de Calatrava”, and records in a later passage the couple´s marriage in 1395[1309].  [Betrothed to her cousin FADRIQUE de Castilla Duque de Benavente, illegitimate son of ENRIQUE II King of Castile and León & his mistress Beatriz Ponce de León (-Almodovar del Río 1394).]  m (Betrothed 1390, Valladolid 1395) Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León Duque de Peñafiel, son of JUAN I King of Castile & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Aragón (Medina del Campo 27 Nov 1380-Igualada, near Barcelona 22 Apr 1416).  Under the Compromise of Caspe 25 Jun 1412 was chosen as FERNANDO I King of Aragon.  "él de Antequera"

Sancho had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

b)         FERNANDO de Castilla (-killed in battle Aljubarrota 15 Aug 1385).  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I names “...Don Ferrando fijo del Conde Don Sancho...among those killed in 1385 at the battle of Aljubarrota”[1310].  It is likely that Fernando was illegitimate.  There is little time for the birth of two children to his father from his marriage, and in any case, if legitimate, Fernando would have been hardly more than 11 years old at the time of the battle in which he was killed, which appears unlikely. 

c)          LEONOR de Castilla (before 1373-Toro)Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique III records the proposal in 1392 for “Don Fadrique...Duque de Benavente” to marry “Doña Leonor fija del Conde Don Sancho” after her husband “Dia Sanchez de Rojas” died[1311].  m firstly SANCHO de Rojas Señor de Monzón, son of --- (-[1392]).  m secondly ([1393/94]) FADRIQUE de Castilla Duque de Benavente, illegitimate son of ENRIQUE II King of Castile and León & his mistress Beatriz Ponce de León (-Almodovar del Río 1394).

12.       PEDRO Alfonso ([1344/45]-murdered Carmona [Nov/Dec] 1359).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Ferrando Señor de Ledesma...Don Tello Señor de Aguilar...despues...Señor de Lara é de Vizcaya...Don Sancho...despues Conde de Alburquerque...Don Juan...Don Pedro” as sons of King Alfonso XI and “Doña Leonor de Guzman”, implying that they all survived their father as the same passage names the two sons who died as children[1312].  Señor de Aguilar.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the killing “en Carmona” of “Don Juan é á Don Pedro sus hermanos del Rey, fijos del Rey Don Alfonso é de Doña Leonor de Guzman” by “un Ballestero de maza del Rey...Garci Diaz de Albarracin” in 1359, adding that Pedro was 14 years old[1313]

 

 

 

B.      MANUEL Family, Señores de VILLENA, descendants of Infante don MANUEL de CASTILLA

 

 

Infante don MANUEL de Castilla y León, son of FERNANDO III "el Santo" King of Castile and León & his first wife Elisabeth von Hohenstaufen (Carrión de los Condes 1234-Peñafiel 25 Dec 1283, bur Uclés, Santiago convent)The Chronicon Mundi of Lucas Tudensis names "Adefonsum, Fredericum, Fernandum, Philippum, Henricum, Sancium, Emanuelem" as the sons of Fernando III King of Castile and his first wife[1314].  The Anales Toledanos name “Dñi Emanuelis fratris Regis” when recording the death of his son[1315]Señor de Elche y Villena 1248.  Señor de Escalona, Santa Olalla, Peñafiel, Agreda, Roa y Cuéllar.  Señor de Chinchilla, Aspe y Beas 1282.  Alférez mayor of his brother Alfonso X King of Castile 9 Sep 1258 to 6 Jun 1275, and mayordomo mayor 26 Apr 1278-13 Jul 1282.  Adelantado mayor of the Kingdom of Murcia.  In 1282, he sided with his nephew the future King Sancho IV against his brother King Alfonso X.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Dec 1283 of “Infans Dns Emmanuel in Penna-fideli[1316]

m firstly (Calatayud 1260) Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Aragón, daughter of JAIME I “el Conquistador” King of Aragon & his second wife Violanta of Hungary ([1240]-before 1266, bur Uclés).  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "la primera…Violant…la otra Costancia…et Isabel…la quarta…Maria" as the four daughters of King Jaime and his second wife, stating that Constanza married "Don Manuel hermano del…Alfonso rey de Castiella"[1317]The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Infante D. Manuel" married "D. Costança de Aragon"[1318]Under the testament of "Jacobus…Rex Aragoniæ, Majoricarum et Valenciæ, Comes Barchinonæ et Urgelli, et Dominus Montispessulani", dated 26 Aug 1272, the king made bequests to "…filios Infantis Domnæ Constantiæ quondam filiæ nostræ et Infantis domini Emanuelis fratris…Regis Castellæ, nepotes nostros"[1319].  The betrothal of Infante Manuel in 1266 shows that his wife Constanza must have died before that date. 

Betrothed (1266) to CONSTANCE de Béarn, widow of Infante don ALFONSO de Aragón, daughter of GASTON VII Vicomte de Béarn & his first wife Mathe [Amata] de Marsan [Mastas] Ctss de Bigorre ([1245/50]-25 Apr 1310).  Alfonso X King of Castile approved the arrangements for the marriages of "el infante de Castilla don Manuel y Alonso Manuel" and "doña Constanza y doña Guillerma de Monacada, respectivamente, hijas de Gastón de Moncada vizconde de Bearne" by charter dated 1266[1320].  It is assumed that this marriage did not proceed as Constance married Henry of Cornwall in 1269. 

m secondly (1274) as her second husband, BEATRIX de Savoie, widow of PIERRE "le Bouvier" de Salins, Seigneur de Châtelbelin [Bourgogne-Comté], daughter of AMEDEE IV Comte de Savoie & his second wife Cécile des Baux ([1245]-Escalona Nov 1290 or 23 Feb 1292).  The testament of "Conte Amedeo di Savoia" dated 19 Sep 1252 names "…la Principessa Beatrice sua figlia minore"[1321].  The testament of "Beatrice Vedova del Re Berengario Conte di Provenza" dated 14 Jan 1264 makes bequests "…a Contesson…più ad Eleonora altra sua figlia…" and orders "Contesson figlia del fu Conte Amedeo, non si maritasse…" to fulfil religious bequests[1322].  The following reference shows that Beatrix was known as "Contesson".  "Contessa Beatrice detta Contesson figlia del fu Conte Amedeo di Savoia e della Contessa Cecilia" renounced her rights of succession with the consent of her mother and "Pietro Boverio di Lei Marito" in favour of "Conte Filippo di Savoia di Lei Patruo" by contract dated 21 Oct 1268[1323].  "Pietro Bovero figlio del Conte Gioanni di Borgogna e Signore di Salins" donated property to "Beatrice figlia del Conte Amedeo di Savoia sua future Sposa" by contract dated "la Festa di S. Luca 1269"[1324].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in 1275 of “Infans Dns Emmanuel cum Comitissa” in the same month as the death of his son Alfonso[1325].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Nov 1290 of “Comitissa, mater Dni Joannis, in Escalona[1326]

Mistress (1): MARÍA, daughter of ---. 

Mistress (2): NUÑA, daughter of ---. 

Infante Manuel & his first wife had three children:

1.         CONSTANZA Alfonso Manuel (-young). 

2.         ALFONSO Manuel ([1261]-Montpellier 1275, bur Uclés, Santiago convent).  He died on his way back to Spain from Germany, where he had accompanied his uncle King Alfonso X and his father[1327].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in 1275 of “Dns Alfonsus filius Infantis Dni Emmanuelis in Montepelussano[1328].  The Anales Toledanos record the death “aput Montem-pessulanem” in 1275 of “Alfonsus Emanuelis…filius Dñi Emanuelis fratris Regis[1329]Betrothed (contract Alcazar de Sevilla 12 Mar 1266) to GUILLELMA de Béarn, daughter of GASTON VII de Moncada Vicomte de Béarn & his first wife Mathe [Amata] de Marsan [Mastas] Ctss de Bigorre ([1245/55]-1309).  Alfonso X King of Castile approved the arrangements for the marriages of "el infante de Castilla don Manuel y Alonso Manuel" and "doña Constanza y doña Guillerma de Monacada, respectivamente, hijas de Gastón de Moncada vizconde de Bearne" by charter dated 1266[1330]

3.         VIOLANTE Manuel ([1265]-Lisbon 1314, bur Lisbon Dominican monastery)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Infante D. Alonso" married "D. Violante", an earlier passage in the same source naming "D. Violante" as the daughter of "El Infante D. Manuel" and his wife "D. Costança de Aragon"[1331]The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Alfonsus" married "domna Violante…filia regis Alfonsi et soror regis Sancii de Castella"[1332].  Señora de Elda, Novelda, Medellín y ½ Peñafiel.  m ([1287]) Infante AFONSO de Portugal Senhor de Portoalegre, son of AFONSO III King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Beatriz de Castilla ([Lisbon] 8 Feb 1263-Lisbon 2 Nov 1312, bur Lisbon Dominican monastery).

Infante Manuel & his second wife had one child:

4.         JUAN Manuel "el Scritor" (Escalona 5 May 1282-Córdoba 13 Jun 1348, bur Peñafiel, monastery of San Pablo)The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the birth in May 1282 of “Dns Joannes, filius Dni Emmanuelis in Escalona[1333]He succeeded his father in 1283 as Señor de Villena, Escalona, Alarcón, Elche, Peñafiel, Cartagena, Lorca, Castillo del Garci-Múñoz, Alcocer, Salmerón, Valdeolivas, Cuéllar y Almenara.   

-        see below

Infante Manuel had three illegitimate children by Mistress (1):

5.          FERNANDO Manuel.  Beneficiary under his father’s 20 Dec 1283 will.   

6.          ENRIQUE Manuel.  Beneficiary under his father’s 20 Dec 1283 will.

7.          BLANCA Manuel.  Beneficiary under her father’s 20 Dec 1283 will.

Infante Manuel had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2):

8.          SANCHO Manuel ([1283]-before 1346).  Señor de Infantado y Carrión.  Adelantado Mayor of Murcia.  Beneficiary under his father’s 20 Dec 1283 will.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Sancius Emmanuel, germanus suus, ac Ægidius Roderici de Miño, necnon Fr. Joannes G. de Arevalo” confirmed the foundation by “Dns Joannes” of “Ecclesiam Prædictorum Rupis-fidelis” in 1324[1334].  m INÉS García de Toledo, daughter of DIEGO García, Almirante of Castile & his wife María García Señora de Magán y Mejorada.  Living a widow in 1346.  Sancho & his wife had four children: 

a)         JUAN Sánchez Manuel (after 1325-Alcaraz 1390).  Conde de Carrión 1368.  m (after 1350) JUANA de Ejérica, daughter of PEDRO de Ejérica [Aragón] Baron de Ejérica & his wife Bonaventura di Arborea.  Juan & his wife had three children: 

i)          ALFONSO (-after 1393).  Conde de Carrión.

ii)         LEONOR.  She succeeded her brother as Condesa de Carrión.  m JUAN Fernández de Padilla.

iii)        INÉSm GARCI Fernández de Villodre.

b)         BEATRIZ Sánchez Manuelm PEDRO de Lando

c)          INÉS Fernández de Villenam ÍÑIGO López de Mendoza Señor de Castilnovo, son of ---.

d)         FERNANDO Sánchez Manuel (-1407).  Bishop of Calahorra.  Abbot at Valladolid.  If the following marriage is correct, Fernando presumably resigned his ecclesiastical appointments.  m CATERINA Sánchez Señora de Pinilla

 

 

Don JUAN Manuel "el Scritor", son of Infante don MANUEL de Castilla y León, Señor de Villena, Escalona and Peñafiel, & his second wife Béatrix de Savoie (Escalona 5 May 1282-Córdoba 13 Jun 1348, bur Peñafiel, monastery of San Pablo)The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the birth in May 1282 of “Dns Joannes, filius Dni Emmanuelis in Escalona[1335]He succeeded his father in 1283 as Señor de Villena, Escalona, Elche, Peñafiel, Cartagena, Lorca, Castillo del Garci-Múñoz, Alcocer, Salmerón, Valdeolivas, Cuéllar y Almenara.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Rex Dns Fernandus” gave Alarcón to “Dno. Joanni” in exchange for Elche in Feb 1298[1336].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Rex Fernandus” gave “Aymesta” to “Dno Joanni” in May 1304, and restored his control over Alarcón in Feb 1306[1337].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Dns Joannes” began the siege of “Pennam-fidelem” in Jul 1307[1338].  Mayordomo Mayor of King Fernando IV of Castile.  Mayordomo Mayor of Kings Fernando IV and Alfonso XI of Castile 25 Mar 1311-1 Mar 1314.  "Infanta Donna Blanca fija del…rey Don Alfonso, Sennora de las Huelgas" sold various properties to "Don Johan fijo del…Infant Don Manuel" by charter dated Aug 1312[1339]Edward II King of England wrote to “domino Johanni Manuelis filio domini Infantis Manuelis de Ispania, consanguineo regis Angliæ” requesting his support in certain negotiations by charter dated 1 Apr 1324[1340]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Dns Joannes filius Infantis Dni Emmanuelis et Dns Joannes filius Infantis Dni Joannis” renounced their tutorship over King Alfonso XI in Aug 1325[1341].  He led several periods of rebellion against King Alfonso XI, notably after the latter's repudiation of his daughter Constanza in 1327.  Adelantado Mayor on the border with Andalucía, and in the Kingdom of Murcia.  He was an author of note, his works included El Conde Lucanor and El Libro de los Estados[1342].   

m firstly (contract Perpignan 21 Nov 1299, Requena Jan 1300) Infanta doña ISABEL de Mallorca, daughter of JAIME II King of Mallorca [Aragón] & his wife Esclarmonde de Foix (Montpellier [1280]-Alicante after 10 Oct 1301 or Escalona Dec 1301).  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "la primera…Isabel…la otra Sancha" as the two daughters of Jaime King of Mallorca, stating that Isabel was the wife of "Don Johan Manuel"[1343].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Jan 1300 of “Dns Joannes” and “Infantissa Dna Elisabeth filia Regis Majoricarum, in Requena[1344].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Dec 1301 of “Dna Infantissa in Escalona[1345]

m secondly (Játiva 2 Apr 1312) Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Aragón, daughter of JAIME II King of Aragon & his second wife Blanche di Sicilia [Anjou] (Valencia 1 Apr 1300-Castillo de Garci-Múñoz 19 Aug 1327).  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "la primera…Doña Maria…la segunda Doña Costança…la tercera…Doña Isabel…la quarta…Doña Blancha…la quinta…Doña Violante" as the five daughters of King Jaime II and his wife Blanca, stating that Constanza was the wife "Don Juan fillo del infant Don Manuel"[1346].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Apr 1312 of “Dns Joannes cum Infantissa Dna Constantia in Xativa[1347].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Aug 1327 of “Infantissa Dna Constantia in Castella[1348]

m thirdly (Lerma Jan 1329) BLANCA de la Cerda Señora de Lara y Vizcaya, daughter of FERNANDO [II] de la Cerda Señor de Palenzuela & his wife Juana Núñez de Lara “la Palomilla” ([1311]-1347).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Nuñez, D. Margarita monja, D. Blanca" as the children of "D. Fernando de la Cerda" and his wife "D. Iuana Nuñez la Palomilla, viuda del Infante D. Enrique", another passage recording that "D. Juan Manuel" married "D. Blanca de la Cerda"[1349]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Jan 1329 of “Dns Joannes cum Dna Blanca, filia Dni Fernandi in Lerma[1350]

Mistress (1): INÉS González de Castañeda, daughter of RUY Díaz de Castañeda & his wife María Ruiz Ceballos. 

Mistress (2): ---.  The name of the second mistress of Juan Manuel is not known. 

Juan & his second wife had three children:

1.         CONSTANZA Manuel ([1323]-Santarem 13 Nov 1345, bur Santarem San Francisco)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Pedro Rey de Portugal" married "D. Constança" and his wife "D. Beatriz", an earlier passage naming "D. Fernando Manuel, D. Constanza" as the children of "D. Juan Manuel" and his wife "D. Blanca de la Cerda"[1351].  The chronology is inconsistent with Constanza having been born from his father´s third marriage.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Nov 1325 of the king and “Regina Dna Constantia, filia…Dni Joannis filii Infantis Dni Emmanuelis” in Valladolid[1352]The marriage contract of “o Infante Dom Pedro” and “Dom Joam filho do Infante Dom Manoel...mi fija D. Costança” is dated 16 Mar 1338, witnessed by “Sancho Manoel fijo del dicho Señor Don Juan...[1353]m firstly (Valladolid 28 Nov 1325, annulled 1327) as his first wife, ALFONSO XI "el Justo" King of Castile and León, son of FERNANDO IV "el Ajurno" King of Castile and León & his wife Infanta dona Costança de Portugal (Salamanca 13 Aug 1311-Gibraltar 26 Mar 1350, bur Seville).  m secondly (contract 16 Mar 1338, Lisbon 24 Aug 1339) as his second wife, PEDRO I "o Justiceiro" King of Portugal, son of AFONSO IV King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Beatriz de Castilla (Coimbra 18 Apr 1320-killed Estremos 18 Jan 1367, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça). 

2.         BEATRIZ Manuel ([1318/27]-young).

3.         FERNANDO Manuel (-after 8 Aug 1350).  He was the child of his father's second marriage according to Szabolcs de Vajay[1354].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[1355], Fernando Manuel was the son of his father's third marriage but this would appear to present chronological difficulties considering the presumed year of birth of his daughter.  This is presumably based on the Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos which names "D. Fernando Manuel, D. Constanza" as the children of "D. Juan Manuel" and his wife "D. Blanca de la Cerda"[1356]Señor de Villena, Escalona, Peñafiel, Cartagena, Lorca, Villena, Elche y Almenara.  Adelantado Mayor of the kingdom of Murcia.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Ferrando Señor de Villena fijo de Don Juan e nieto del Infante Don Manuel” among those present with Alfonso XI King of Castile at Gibraltar in 1350[1357].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Ferrando Señor de Villena, sobrino de Don Juan Nuñez fijo de su hermana Doña Blanca” among those whose accompanied the body of King Alfonso XI to Seville in 1350[1358].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that Pedro I King of Castile appointed “Don Ferrando Señor de Villena” to “el Adelantamiento del Regno de Murcia” but that he died “dende á pocos dias[1359].  “Don Fernando” confirmed privileges granted by “D. Juan mio padre...fijo del Infante Don Manuel” to “Doña Elvira viuda de Pedro Gonçalez Alcayde de Cuellar, de la heredad de Villoria”, for services to himself and “Doña Juana Despina mia muger” in bringing up “Doña Blanca nuestra hija”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1350[1360].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the death in 1350 of “Don Ferrando Manuel Señor de Villena[1361]m (Castellón de Ampurias 24 Jan 1346) JUANA de Aragón, daughter of Infante don RAMÓN BERENGUER de Aragón Conde de Ampurias y Prades & his second wife Blanche di Tarento [Sicilia-Anjou] ([1330]-Toledo 1395).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Doña Juana, que decian Despina, fija del Infante de Aragon...Don Remon Berenguel” as the wife of “Don Ferrando Manuel Señor de Villena[1362].  “Don Fernando” confirmed privileges granted by “D. Juan mio padre...fijo del Infante Don Manuel” to “Doña Elvira viuda de Pedro Gonçalez Alcayde de Cuellar, de la heredad de Villoria”, for services to himself and “Doña Juana Despina mia muger” in bringing up “Doña Blanca nuestra hija”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1350[1363]Fernando & his wife had one child: 

a)         BLANCA Manuel (after 1348-Seville 1361).  Don Fernando” confirmed privileges granted by “D. Juan mio padre...fijo del Infante Don Manuel” to “Doña Elvira viuda de Pedro Gonçalez Alcayde de Cuellar, de la heredad de Villoria”, for services to himself and “Doña Juana Despina mia muger” in bringing up “Doña Blanca nuestra hija”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1350[1364].  She succeeded her father in 1350 as Señora de Villena, Escalona, Peñafiel, Cartagena, Lorca y Elche.  Heiress of the Lara family and of the principality of Vizcaya.  She was imprisoned by Pedro IV King of Aragon to prevent her from taking possession of her inheritance.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Don Ferrando Manuel Señor de Villena” and his wife had “una fija...Doña Blanca” who after the death of her father was brought to Seville on the orders of King Pedro I and died there[1365]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the death in Seville in 1360 of “Doña Blanca de Villena fija de Don Ferrando Señor de Villena é de Doña Juana Despina”, adding that her properties reverted to the king and “agora es llamada el Marquesado[1366]

Juan & his third wife had one child:

4.         JUANA Manuel (1339-Salamanca 27 Mar 1381, bur Toledo Santa María)Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “el Conde Don Enrique” was already betrothed to “Doña Juana fija de Don Juan Manuel” when he started visiting his mother in prison in Seville (dated to [Jun/Jul] 1350 and that she advised him to marry her immediately as she had heard from Juana´s brother “Don Ferrando Señor de Villena” that King Pedro planned to terminate the betrothal and marry her either to “el Rey Don Pedro” himself or to “el Infante Don Ferrando de Aragon, primo del Rey[1367].  She succeeded her niece in 1361 as Señora de Villena, Escalona y Peñafiel.  King Enrique II donated property to Segovia, for the souls of his parents and “del dicho Don Pedro mio fijo” and for the salvacion of “de la Reyna Doña Juana mi muger, é de los Infantes Don Juan é Doña Leonor é Doña Juana mios fijos é suyos de la dicha Reyna Doña Juana mi muger”, by charter dated 26 Jan 1367[1368]Señora de Lara y Vizcaya 1370.  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I records the death 27 Mar 1381 at Salamanca of “la Reyna Doña Juana” and her burial in “la cibdad de Toledo...en la Iglesia de Sancta Maria la mayor[1369]m (27 Jul 1350) ENRIQUE de Trastámara, illegitimate son of ALFONSO XI "el Justo" King of Castile & his mistress Leonor de Guzmán Señora de Medina Sidonia (Seville 13 Jan 1334-San Domingo de la Calzada 29 May 1379).  He succeeded in 1369 as ENRIQUE II "él de las Mercedes" King of Castile

Juan had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

5.          SANCHO ManuelThe marriage contract of “o Infante Dom Pedro” and “Dom Joam filho do Infante Dom Manoel...mi fija D. Costança” is dated 16 Mar 1338, witnessed by “Sancho Manoel fijo del dicho Señor Don Juan...[1370].  Adelantado Mayor of Murcia.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had two children: 

a)         FERNANDO Sánchez Manuel (-killed 1355).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Ferrand Sanchez Manual, fijo de Sancho Manuel el mozo, que era fijo de Don Juan Manuel” was killed in 1355[1371]

b)         LUIS Sánchez Manuel (-after 1363).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records “Don Lois Manuel fijo de Sancho Manuel é nieto de Don Juan Manuel” in 1363[1372]

6.          ENRIQUE Manuel.  Conde de Sintra y Cea.  Senhor de Cascais, Conde de Montealegre and Señor de Meneses.  m BEATRIZ de Sousa, daughter of PEDRO Afonso de Sousa & his wife ---.  Enrique & his wife had two children: 

a)         FERNANDO Manuel [Castilla] de la Torre.  Conde de Sintra.  Señor de Cebica.  m MENCÍA Rodríguez de Fonseca.  Fernando & his wife had two children: 

i)          JUAN Manuel.  Señor de Belmonte y Campos.  m JUANA Figueroa.  Juan & his wife had one child: 

(a)        MARÍA Manuelm ([1488]) BAUDOUIN bâtard de Bourgogne Seigneur de Fallais, illegitimate son of PHILIPPE III "le Bon" Duc de Bourgogne & his mistress Catherine Thieffries (Lille [1436]-Brussels May 1508, bur Fallais, Liège). 

ii)         JUANA ManuelMistress of DUARTE King of Portugal, son of JOÃO I "o Falso" King of Portugal & his wife Philippa of Lancaster (Viseu 31 Oct 1391-Thomar 9 Sep 1438, bur Batalla).   

b)         INEZm VASCO Martinez de Sousa Senhor de Montagoa.  

Juan had two illegitimate children by Mistress (2):

7.          JUANA Manuel de Villenam JUAN Galíndez de Avendaño Señor de Mujica. 

8.          GUIOMAR Manuel de Villenam JUAN Martínez de Leíva Señor de Baños.  Merino Mayor of Castile. 

 

 

 

C.      Descendants of Infante don FERNANDO "él de la Cerda" de CASTILLA [son of ALFONSO X King of Castile]: de la CERDA

 

 

Infante don FERNANDO "él de la Cerda" de Castilla y León, son of ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile & his wife Infanta doña Violante de Aragón (Valladolid 23 Oct 1255-Ciudad Real 25 Jul 1275, bur Las Huelgas de Burgos)The Anales Toledanos record the birth in 1256 of “Dñs Fernandus, filius Regis Alfonsi[1373].  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna donna Yolant mi mujer et con nuestro ffijo el Infante don Ferrando primero et yeredero e con nuestro ffijo el Inffante don Sancho" granted rights of the church of Valladolid by charter dated 9 Jul 1258[1374].  Mayordomo of his father King Alfonso X 21 Nov 1260, 19 Dec 1270-14 Mar 1272, and 6 Jun 1274.  He died of a fever during a campaign against the King of Morocco who had invaded southern Spain.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in 1275 of “Infans Dns Fernandus in Villa-Regali[1375].  The Chronicon de Cardeña records the death in 1275 of “Infant D. Ferrando…fijo del Rey D. Alfonso” and his burial  “en las Huelgas de Burgos[1376].  The Anales Toledanos record the death “VIII Kal Aug” in 1275 of “Dominus Fernandus, filius Regis Castellæ[1377]The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records the death in 1275 of "Ferrandus regis Castellæ primogenitus"[1378]

m (contract Saint-Germain-en-Laye 28 Sep 1266, Burgos 30 Nov 1268) BLANCHE de France, daughter of LOUIS IX King of France & his wife Marguerite de Provence ([Jaffa early 1253]-Paris [17 Jun 1320/7 Jun 1322], bur Paris, église des Cordeliers).  An anonymous chronicle of the kings of France, written [1286/1314], records the birth of "Blanche" second daughter of "li rois Loois...[et] Marguerite la fille au conte de Provence", after the birth of "Robert...quens de Clermont em Biauvoisin" [which is inconsistent with other sources], adding that she married "le roy d´Espaigne"[1379]Matthew of Paris records the birth of King Louis's daughter in Palestine but does not name her[1380].  The chronology of the family suggests that this daughter must have been Blanche, but this is not beyond all doubt.  The marriage contract between "Donum Fernandum primogenitum Domini…Alfonsi…Electi in Regem Romanorum necnon et Castellæ, Toleti, Legionis, Galeciæ, Sibil. Cordub. Murc. Giem. et Alguarb. Regis" and "Dominum Ludovicum …Regem Franciæ…dominam Blancham filiam suam" is dated 28 Sep 1266[1381].  The Chronicon de Cardeña records the marriage “dia de Sant Andres” in 1269 of “Infant D. Ferrando con Doña Blanca fija del Rey de Francia[1382].  She was imprisoned in Castile on the death of her husband, but returned to France in 1277 from where she attempted to have the rights of her son to the throne of Castile recognised.  The testament of "Philippes…Roy de France" is dated Dec 1285 and makes a bequest to "Blanche nostre suer", and also names "la Reine Isabelle jadis nostre demme"[1383]

Infante Fernando & his wife had two children: 

1.         ALFONSO de la Cerda de Castilla (Valladolid 1270-Piedrahita shortly after 23 Dec 1324).  The Anales Toledanos record the birth in 1270 of “Dñs Alfonsus primogenitus Dñi Fernandi et Dñæ Al--- soror is filii Regis Francorum apud Valleoletum[1384].  Seigneur de Lunel. 

-        see below

2.         FERNANDO de la Cerda de Castilla (posthumously on or after 25 Jul 1275-1322 soon after 1 Jun)The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis names "Alphonsum et Ferrandum" as the two sons of "Ferrandus regis Castellæ primogenitus" and his wife, adding that "avi sui Alphonsi regis" deprived them of their rights of succession[1385]After his birth, he and his brother were taken to Aragon by their grandmother Queen Violante, and brought up in the fortress of Játiva.  The Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner records that Alfonso III King of Aragon freed "don Alphonse et don Ferdinand, fils de l´infant Ferdinand de Castille" from the castle of Játiva, dated to 1285[1386].  France and Castile agreed 13 Jul 1288 to give Infante don Fernando the kingdom of Murcia, at the same time as proclaiming his older brother King of Castile and León, but this came to nothing.  He left for France, but returned to Castile where he was given land.  Señor de Lara 1315 by right of his wife.  After supporting the regent María de Molina against the Infantes don Felipe and don Juan, he was made Mayordomo Mayor of Castile 14 Apr 1320.  m (1308) as her second husband, JUANA Núñez de Lara "la Palomilla", widow of Infante don ENRIQUE de Castilla, "el Senador" daughter of JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara & his [first/second wife Teresa Álvarez de Azagra Señora de Albarracín/Teresa Díaz de Haro] (-Palencia 12 Jun 1351).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alvaro Nuñez, D. Juan Nuñez, D. Nuño Gonçalez. D. Juana Nuñez la Palomilla, D. Teresa Nuñez" as the children of "D. Juan Nuñez el Gordo" and his wife "D. Teresa Alvarez", an earlier passage recording that "El Infante D. Enrique" married "D. Juana Nuñez la Palomilla", and another passage that "D. Fernando de la Cerda" married "D. Iuana Nuñez la Palomilla, viuda del Infante D. Enrique"[1387].  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records in 1373 the claim made by “Doña Maria de Lara fija de Don Ferrando de la Cerda” to “las tierras de Lara é de Vizcaya”, which records that “Doña Juana de Lara”, daughter of “Doña Teresa hermana del...Conde Don Lope” and her husband “Don Juan Nuñez de Lara el viejo”, married “Don Fernando de la Cerda[1388].  She succeeded her brother in 1315 as Señora de Lara.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the death “dia de la Trinidad...en Palencia” in 1351 of “Doña Juana de Lara madre [de] Don Juan Nuñez...fija de Don Juan Nuñez de Lara é de Doña Teresa, hermana del Conde Don Lope Señor de Vizcaya”, adding that she had first married “el Infante Don Enrique fijo del Rey Don Ferrando” when she was “muy moza[1389]Fernando & his wife had four children: 

a)         BLANCA de la Cerda ([1311]-1347)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Nuñez, D. Margarita monja, D. Blanca" as the children of "D. Fernando de la Cerda" and his wife "D. Iuana Nuñez la Palomilla, viuda del Infante D. Enrique", another passage recording that "D. Juan Manuel" married "D. Blanca de la Cerda"[1390]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Jan 1329 of “Dns Joannes cum Dna Blanca, filia Dni Fernandi in Lerma[1391]m (Lerma Jan 1329) as his third wife, JUAN Manuel "el Scritor" Señor de Villena & Escalona, son of Infante don MANUEL de Castilla & his second wife Béatrice de Savoie (Escalona 5 May 1282-Córdoba 13 Jun 1348, bur Peñafiel, monastery of San Pablo). 

b)         JUAN Núñez de Lara ([1314/15]-Burgos 28 Nov 1350, bur San Pablo de Burgos)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Nuñez, D. Margarita monja, D. Blanca" as the children of "D. Fernando de la Cerda" and his wife "D. Iuana Nuñez la Palomilla, viuda del Infante D. Enrique"[1392].  He succeeded his father in 1322 as Señor de Lara.  Alférez mayor of Alfonso XI "el Justo" King of Castile 16 Feb 1328 to Sep 1332.  Señor de Vizcaya, by right of his wife. 

-        SEÑORES de VIZCAYA

c)         MARGARITA de la Cerda (1317-before 1373).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Nuñez, D. Margarita monja, D. Blanca" as the children of "D. Fernando de la Cerda" and his wife "D. Iuana Nuñez la Palomilla, viuda del Infante D. Enrique"[1393].  Nun at Calaruega.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Doña Margarida que morió monja en Caleruega” as the second daughter of “Doña Juana de Lara madre [de] Don Juan Nuñez[1394]She was maid of honour at the marriage of Pedro I King of Castile and Blanche de Bourbon. 

d)         MARÍA de la Cerda ([1319]-13 Mar 1375)The marriage contract between “Johannes...regis Angliæ filius comes Cornubiæ et germanus regis Angliæ nunc regnantis” and “domicellam Mariam de Ispania filiam bonæ memoriæ Ferdinandi de Ispania domini de Lara” is dated 28 Sep 1334[1395]Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records in 1373 that “Doña Maria de Lara fija de Don Ferrando de la Cerda e de Doña Juana de Lara, hermana de Don Juan Nuñez de Lara Señor de Vizcaya, Condesa de Alanzon...primero casada en Francia con el Conde de Estampas...y despues...con el Conde de Alanzon, hermano del Rey Don Phelipe de Francia” claimed “las tierras de Lara é de Vizcaya” from Enrique II King of Castile[1396].  Dame de Lunel.  The necrology of the Celestins de Paris commemorates "domine Marie de Hyspania comitisse de Alençonio" mother of "dominorum Ludovici comitis de Stampis ac Johannis fratris sui" on "XVIII Kal Jul"[1397]Betrothed (contract 28 Sep 1334, Papal dispensation Oct 1334[1398]) to JOHN of England Earl of Cornwall "of Eltham", son of EDWARD II King of England & his wife Isabelle de France (Eltham Manor House, Kent before 24 Aug 1316-Perth 13 Sep 1336, bur Westminster Abbey).  m firstly (contract Poissy 1 Apr 1335) CHARLES d'Evreux Comte d'Etampes, son of LOUIS de France Comte d'Evreux & his wife Marguerite d'Artois ([1305]-Pimorain 5 Sep 1336).  m secondly (13 Dec 1336) CHARLES Comte d'Alençon, son of CHARLES de France Comte de Valois & his first wife Marguerite of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] (1296-killed in battle Crécy 26 Jul 1346). 

 

 

ALFONSO de la Cerda de Castilla, son of Infante don FERNANDO "él de la Cerda" de Castilla y León & his wife Blanche de France (Valladolid 1270-Piedrahita shortly after 23 Dec 1324).  The Anales Toledanos record the birth in 1270 of “Dñs Alfonsus primogenitus Dñi Fernandi et Dñæ Al--- soror is filii Regis Francorum apud Valleoletum[1399].  The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis names "Alphonsum et Ferrandum" as the two sons of "Ferrandus regis Castellæ primogenitus" and his wife, adding that "avi sui Alphonsi regis" deprived them of their rights of succession[1400]After his father’s death, he and his newborn brother were taken to Aragon by their grandmother Queen Violante, and brought up in the fortress of Játiva where they remained virtual prisoners of Pedro III King of Aragon.  His grandfather King Alfonso X nominated him as his successor, but he was excluded from the succession 1284 because of his young age.  The Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner records that Alfonso III King of Aragon freed "don Alphonse et don Ferdinand, fils de l´infant Ferdinand de Castille" from the castle of Játiva, dated to 1285[1401].  King Alfonso had him proclaimed King of Castile and León at Jaca, but after his death his successor King Jaime II withdrew his support and made peace with Sancho IV King of Castile.  The succession was finally settled at Torrellas 8 Aug 1304 between the kings of Aragon and Portugal, who decided that Alfonso should renounce all his rights in return for being created Señor de Alba, Bejar y Gibraleón.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the meeting in Aug 1304 of the kings of Castile, Aragon and Portugal “in Agreda, et in Taraçona” where they sent away “Dns Alfonsus, filius Infantis Dni Fernandi[1402].  He then settled in France. 

Betrothed to Infanta doña ISABEL de Castilla y León, daughter of SANCHO IV King of Castile and León & his wife María Alfonso de Molina (Toro 1283-24 Jul 1328). 

m ([1290]) MATHILDE, daughter of --- (([1272/74]-[1348/53]).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Alonso Guedella" married "D. Mafalda"[1403].  Salazar y Castro asserts that she was "Mathilde de Narbonne señora de Lunel, daughter of Aimeric [VI] Vicomte de Narbonne and his wife Sibylle de Foix[1404]This is presumably based on Zurita´s Anales de la Corona de Aragón, written [1562/80], which record that "don Alonso hijo del Infante don Fernando" married "en Francia…Mofalda…quanto yo congeturo fue de la casa de los Vizcondes de Narbona, y con ella huvo el señorio de Lunel"[1405].  Masnata relates that the seigneurie de Lunel passed to the French crown on the death in 1295 of Rousselin last seigneur de Lunel, concluding therefore that Alfonso de la Cerda could not have inherited the seigneurie through his wife (it was granted by Charles IV King of France to Alfonso´s son, Alfonso, see below)[1406].  Masnata found no basis for the supposed origin of Mathilde in Narbonne, and suggests that she was Mathilde de Brienne-Eu, daughter of Jean de Brienne Comte d'Eu & his wife Beatrix de Châtillon-sur-Marne-Saint-Pol.  He reaches this conclusion by process of elimination of other possible candidates connected with the French royal family, and after remarking that Jean de Brienne is reported, in early secondary sources, to have had a daughter named Mathilde whose marriage is not otherwise recorded[1407].  Masnata comments that the chronology is correct and the onomastics favourable, as the name Juan passed into the Cerda family after this marriage[1408].  He also quotes the Continuator of the Chronique de Jean de Saint-Victor which names "filz au roy d´Espagne et…une dame de Normandie" as the parents of "monseigneur Aufour" (which refers to Alphonse de la Cerda, son of Alfonso and his wife Mathilde)[1409].  It should nevertheless be emphasised that Masnata has not identified a primary source which confirms that his hypothesis is correct.  She was Infante don Alfonso's mistress from [1288/89]. 

Alfonso & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.         ALPHONSE de la Cerda dit d'Espagne (in France [1289][1410]-Gentilly, near Paris 15 Apr 1327).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Luis de la Cerda, Juan Alonso, Ines Alonso" as the children of "D. Alonso Guedella" and his wife "D. Mafalda"[1411].  Archdeacon of Paris, he renounced his ecclesiastical appointments on the request of Charles IV King of France, who created him Baron de Lunel Dec 1324.  On his marriage, he was given the towns of Tafalla, Capparoso and Uxue.  Governor (Lieutenant du Roi) in Languedoc Autumn 1326.  He died from a fever.  The necrology of Paris Notre-Dame records the death "V Kal Mai" 1327 of "Alphonsus de Hispania dominus de Lunello miles"[1412]m (1325) as her second husband, ISABELLE d'Antoing, widow of HENRI de Louvain Heer van Gaesbeck en Herstal, daughter of HUGUES [V] Sire d'Antoing et d'Epinoy & his wife Marie d´Enghien (-6 Dec 1354, bur Antoing).  The Continuator of the Chronique de Jean de Saint-Victor records that "monseigneur Aufour" (which refers to Alphonse de la Cerda, son of Alfonso and his wife Mathilde) married "la demoiselle de Gant"[1413].  Dame d´Antoing et d´Epinoy.  Prévôte de Douai, Châtelaine de Gand.  She married thirdly (contract 16/17 Jul 1327) as his second wife, Jean [II] Vicomte de Melun Comte de Tancarville.  An epitaph in the church of Antoing records the death 6 Dec 1354 of "Isabeau dame d´Antoing, d´Espinoy, Sottingien, Chastelainé de Grand jadis femme…à Henry de Lovain, après à Monsieur Alfons d´Espagne et après à Monsieur le Vicomte de Meleum Camberlench de France Segneur de Blandy et de Monstruel"[1414].  Alphonse & his wife had one child: 

a)         CHARLES d'Espagne ([1326]-murdered l'Aigle 6 Jan 1354).  He succeeded his father in 1327 as Seigneur de Lunel (part).  He was the favourite of Jean II King of France.  Connétable de France 1346, and 1350.  The king installed him as Seigneur de Benon, de Fontenay-L'Abatu, d'Archai, de La Roche, de Cognac et d'Agoux, and Comte d’Angoulême, replacing Carlos II King of Navarre.  Governor of Picardie and Artois.  He was murdered at the auberge "La Truite qui file" at L'Aigle on the orders of the King of Navarre who was jealous of his influence over the King.  m (1351) MARGUERITE de Blois-Châtillon, daughter of CHARLES de Blois-Châtillon Seigneur de Guise Comte de Penthièvre [claimant to the Duchy of Bretagne] & his wife Jeanne de Bretagne-Penthièvre Dss de Bretagne ([1339]-[1354]). 

2.         HENRI de la Cerda (in France [1290]-4 Mar [1329]).  Archdeacon of Paris, succeeding his brother Alphonse [1324], whose library he inherited.  The necrology of Paris Notre-Dame records the death "IV Non Mar" of "Henricus de Hispania archidiaconus Josaii"[1415]

3.         LOUIS de la Cerda (in France [1291]-La Motte du Rhône 5 Jul 1348)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Luis de la Cerda, Juan Alonso, Ines Alonso" as the children of "D. Alonso Guedella" and his wife "D. Mafalda"[1416].  "Luis de la Cerda y Juan de la Cerda su hermano" agreed a division of property by charter dated 15 Nov 1327[1417]He was in Castile for the coronation of King Alfonso XI 1332.  He served Philippe VI King of France.  Seigneur de Talmont, after receiving the town of Talmont-sur-Gironde and l'Ile d'Oléron 1339 as recompense.  He took part in the war of succession in Brittany, ended with the Peace of Malestroit 19 Jan 1343, during which he acquired a large fortune.  Turning his attention to founding his own kingdom in the Canary Islands, Pope Clement VI created him "Prince de Fortunie" granting him the suzerainty of the islands 15 Nov 1344.  Although he set off to conquer the islands, he received little support and appears never to have reached them.  Comte de Clermont et de Talmont, Admiral of France.  Will dated 30 Jun 1348.  m firstly (Seville 1306) LEONOR de Guzmán Señora de Huelva, daughter of ALFONSO Pérez de Guzmán Señor de Medina Sidonia & his wife María de Coronel (Ceuta Apr 1287-Seville after 23 Jul 1341).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Alonso de Guzman, D. Isabel de Guzman, D. Leonor de Guzman" as the children of "Alonso Perez de Guzman", illegitimate son of "D. Pedro Nuñez de Guzman", and his wife "D. Maria Alonso", an earlier passage recording that "D. Luis de la Cerda" married "D. Leonor"[1418].  The testament of "doña Leonor de Guzmán señora del Puerto de Santa María" is dated 23 Jul 1341[1419]m secondly (11 Mar 1346) as her first husband, GUYOTTE d'Uzès, daughter of ROBERT [I] Vicomte d'Uzès & his wife Guyotte de Posquières Dame de Bellegarde et de Broussan (end 1332-1399 or after).  She married secondly (5 Apr 1361) Aymar de Poitiers Sire de Chalançon.  Louis & his first wife had eight children:

a)         ALPHONSE de la Cerda (-young before 1341).  

b)         MARIE de la Cerda (-young before 1341).

c)         BLANCHE de la Cerda (-young before 1341).

d)         FERDINAND de la Cerda (-young before 1341).

e)         MARIE de la Cerda (-young before 1341).

f)          LOUIS de la Cerda (Seville [1325]-15 Oct 1383).  Señor de El Puerto de Santa María.  Seigneur de la Motte-du-Rhône, which he sold 8 March 1353.  He succeeded his father in 1348 as titular Prince of the Canary Islands.  Comte de Talmont.  A charter dated 30 Dec 1353 records the agreement between "sus hijos Juan de la Cerda, Luis de la Cerda y doña Isabel de la Cerda señora de Cangas y de la Puebla de Asturias" dividing the assets of "príncipe don Luis de la Cerda"[1420]In his will, he bequeathed his French assets to the Abbaye de Saint-Gilles and his Spanish assets to his sister Isabel, who contested the will against the monks of Saint-Gilles. 

g)         JUAN de la Cerda (Seville 1327-murdered Seville 1357).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Juan de la Cerda, Isabel de la Cerda" as the children of "D. Luis de la Cerda" and his wife "D. Leonor", adding that he was killed by "el Rey D. Pedro de Castilla"[1421].  Señor de El Puerto de Santa María y Gibraleón.  Señor de Huelva.  A charter dated 30 Dec 1353 records the agreement between "sus hijos Juan de la Cerda, Luis de la Cerda y doña Isabel de la Cerda señora de Cangas y de la Puebla de Asturias" dividing the assets of "príncipe don Luis de la Cerda"[1422].  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Don Juan de la Cerda fijo de Don Luis é Don Alvar Perez de Guzman Señor de Olvera” defected from King Pedro I in 1357 and went to Andalucía, triggered because the king wished to take “la muger de Don Alvar Perez, que era Doña Aldonza Coronel fija de Don Alfonso Ferrandez Coronel, hermana que era de Doña Maria Coronel muger del dicho Don Juan de Cerda[1423]He took part in the resistance in Andalucía to Pedro I "el Cruel" King of Castile, was captured and killed.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records his death in Seville in 1357[1424]m ([1349]) MARÍA Coronel Señora de Aguilar, daughter of ALFONSO Fernández Coronel Señor de Aguilar & his wife Elvira de Biedma (Seville 1334-after 1411).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Don Juan de la Cerda fijo de Don Luis de la Cerda” married “Doña Maria Coronel fija [de] Don Alfonso Ferrandez[1425]A Clarissan nun in Seville after her husband died.  Juan had one illegitimate child by SOL Martínez.

i)          MARTÍN González de la Cerda (Seville [1341]-in Portugal).  m VIOLANTE Alvares Pereira.  Ancestors of the PEREIRA DE LACERDA family in Portugal. 

h)         ISABEL de la Cerda (Seville [1329]-after 1383)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Juan de la Cerda, Isabel de la Cerda" as the children of "D. Luis de la Cerda" and his wife "D. Leonor", a later passage recording that "D. Rodrigo Perez Ponço de las Asturias" married "D. Isabel de la Cerda" adding that the couple was childless[1426]"Ruy Pérez Ponce de León" confirmed receipt of the dowry of "doña Isabel de la Cerda" by charter dated 11 Mar 1349[1427].  A charter dated 30 Dec 1353 records the agreement between "sus hijos Juan de la Cerda, Luis de la Cerda y doña Isabel de la Cerda señora de Cangas y de la Puebla de Asturias" dividing the assets of "príncipe don Luis de la Cerda"[1428].  Señora de Bembibre, Huelva y Gibraleón.  Enrique II King of Castile confirmed "la propiedad de la villa del Puerto de Santa María" to "doña Isabel de la Cerda" by charter dated 25 May 1366[1429]She contested the will of her brother Louis against the monks of Saint-Gilles.  "Bernalt de Foix bastardo de Berane conde de Medinaceli" donated property to "su mujer doña Isabel de la Cerda" by charter dated 15 Oct 1370[1430]m firstly ([1346]) RODRIGO Pérez Ponce Señor de Puebla de Asturias, Cangas y Tineo, son of PEDRO Ponce & his wife --- (-before 26 May 1354).  m secondly (Seville 15 Sep 1370) BERNARD de Foix bâtard de Béarn, illegitimate son of GASTON [III] Phébus Comte de Foix & his mistress --- (-before 1383). 

4.         MARGARITA de la Cerda ([1293]-after 4 May 1328).  Señora de Lemos y Sarría.  The testament of "doña Margarita de la Cerda, mujer de don Felipe infante de Castilla" is dated 4 May 1328[1431]m (before Nov 1315) Infante don FELIPE de Castilla y León Señor de Cabrera y Ribera, son of SANCHO IV King of Castile and León & his wife María de Molina (Seville 28 May 1292-Madrid Apr 1327).  No issue. 

5.         JUAN Alfonso de la Cerda (in France [1295]-7 Aug 1347)He lived most of his life in Portugal.  Señor de Gibraleón, Huelva, Real de Manzanares y Deza.  "Juan de la Cerda, hijo de Alonso de la Cerda" confirmed the privileges of Gibraleón by charter dated 15 Feb 1320[1432].  "Luis de la Cerda y Juan de la Cerda su hermano" agreed a division of property by charter dated 15 Nov 1327[1433]He finally left Portugal in 1337 to serve Alfonso XI King of Castile.  He fought at the battle of Salado near Tarifa 30 Oct 1340, which marked the end of the Muslim invasions.  m firstly ([1310]) dona MARIA Afonso de Portugal, illegitimate daughter of DINIZ King of Portugal & his mistress Marina Gómez (-before 1340).  m secondly (Gibraleón 24 May 1340) as her second husband, MARÍA Fernández de Luna, widow of JUAN Alfonso de Haro Señor de Cameros, daughter of ARTAL de Luna [Ricohombre de Aragón] & his wife Constanza de Aragón Señora de Segorbe (-[1347]).  Juan & his first wife had two children:

a)         BEATRIZ de la Cerda (in Portugal [1311]-early 1325)Betrothed to Infante don PEDRO de Aragón, Conde de Ribagorza y Ampurias, son of JAIME II King of Aragon & his second wife Blanche of Sicily (1305-Pisa 4 Nov 1381)

b)         ALPHONSE de la Cerda (in Portugal [1313]-in battle Quimperlé 1342).  He fought with his cousin Louis de la Cerda in the war of succession in Brittany. 

Juan had [two] illegitimate children by an unknown mistress or mistresses: 

c)          [MARÍA AlfonsoSalazar y Castro states that Pedro Núñez de Guzmán, son of Álvaro Pérez de Guzmán, married "doña María de la Cerda"[1434]However, in another section of his work, he says that "doña María de la Cerda Señora de Gibraleón" was the wife of Pedro´s father[1435].  Her parentage has not been ascertained.  Some secondary works state that she was the illegitimate daughter of Juan Alfonso de la Cerda [Castilla] Señor de Gibraleón, and the connection with this property makes this an attractive possibility.  The uncertainty about her paternity is noted by Dupont[1436].  m PEDRO Núñez de Guzmán Señor de Manzanedo, son of ÁLVARO Pérez de Guzmán & his wife [Urraca Alfonso].] 

d)         ALFONSO de la Cerda (-after 1393).  Señor de Puñete y Sardoal.  m firstly LUISA de Menesesm secondly MAYOR Martínez de Sousa Señora de Lavega de Armijo, daughter of JUAN Martínez de Sousa Señor de la Vega de Armijo & his wife Agnes de Casaus.  Alfonso & his first wife had one child: 

i)          JUAN Alfonso de la Cerda (-after 1393).  Señor de Puñete y Sardoal.  m MARÍA de Albórnoz Señora de Villoria, [niece of Cardinal Gil de Albórnoz] daughter of ÁLVAR García de Albórnoz Señor de Utiel Moya y Torralba & his wife Teresa Rodríguez.  Juan & his wife had three children: 

(a)        LUIS de la CerdaHe succeeded his mother as Señor de Villoria.  m ISABEL de Rojas, daughter of FERNANDO de Herrera Señor de Ampudia & his wife Inés de Rojas.  Luis & his wife had one child: 

(1)        LUIS de la Cerda (-1469).  He succeeded his father as Señor de Villoria, Castrillo y Ventrosilla.  m FRANCISCA de Castañeda Señora de Penalba, daughter of JUAN Rodríguez de Castañeda Señor de Hormaza & his wife Juana de Guzmán (-Seville after 13 Dec 1503).  Luis & his wife had one child: 

a.          JUANA de la Cerda (-1503).  She succeeded her father as Señora de la Cerda, Castrillo y Ventrosilla.  m DIEGO de Zúñiga Duque de Bejar

(b)        JUAN de la Cerda. 

(c)        ANTONIO de la Cerda (-killed in battle 1415). 

Alfonso & his second wife had one child:

ii)         LEONOR de la Cerda.  Señora de la Vega de Armijo.  m LUIS Mesia (-8 Oct 1427). 

6.         MARÍA de la Cerda (in Spain 1305-before 19 May 1354).  Señora de Villafranca de Valcarcel.  m ([1330]) ALFONSO Meléndez de Guzmán, son of MENENDO de Guzmán & his wife --- (-Gibraltar 1342).  No issue.   

7.         INÉS de la Cerda (in Spain [1307]-shortly after 24 Oct 1362, bur Monastery of Santa Clara de Villalobos).  Salazar y Castro records her parentage and marriage[1437].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernan Roiz de Villalobos" as the child of "D. Ruy Gil de Villalobos" and his wife "D. Teresa Alonso", adding that Fernando married "D. Ines Alonso" by whom he had "D. Juan Roiz de Villalobos, D. Maria, D. Blanca"[1438].  An earlier passage in the same source names "D. Luis de la Cerda, Juan Alonso, Ines Alonso" as the children of "D. Alonso Guedella" and his wife "D. Mafalda"[1439]The husband of Inés Alfonso de la Cerda is identified by Salazar y Castro as Fernando Rodríguez de Villalobos, son of Rodrigo Gil de Villalobos, cousin of Fernando Rodríguez[1440]It is assumed therefore that the Nobiliario has conflated the two individuals.  Señora de Bembibre.  She founded the monastery of Santa Clara in Villalobos.  The testament of "doña Inés de la Cerda señora de Villalobos, mujer de Fernán Rodríguez de Villalobos, ricohombre de Castilla" is dated "1392.05.19 (era)"[1441]m ([1325]) FERNANDO Rodríguez de Villalobos Señor de Villalobos y Autillon, son of RODRIGO de Villalobos (-1349, bur Monastery of Santa Clara de Villalobos).  

8.         [ISABEL de la Cerda .  Salazar y Castro records that Rodrigo Álvarez married "doña Isabel de la Cerda, hija de D. Alonso de España Señor de Lunel y de Isabel de Antoing vizcondesa de Gante"[1442]However, this suggested parentage appears chronologically impossible.  Assuming that it is correct that Rodrigo Álvarez did marry "Isabel de la Cerda", it is possible that she was the daughter of Infante don Alfonso de la Cerda.  m RODRIGO Álvarez de Asturias Señor de Noroña, Girón y Trastámara, son of PEDRO Álvarez de Asturias & his wife Sancha Rodríguez de Lara (-1334).] 

 

 

 

D.      Descendants of Infante don JUAN de CASTILLA [son of ALFONSO X King of Castile]: Señores de VALENCIA de Campos

 

 

Infante don JUAN de Castilla y León, son of ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile & his wife Infanta doña Violante de Aragón (Seville [15 May/25 Jul] 1260-Vega de Granada 25 Jun 1319, bur Burgos).  Twin with his brother Pedro.  Señor de Valencia de Campos, Oropesa, Baena, Ponferrada, Villafranca de Valcarcel, Bembibre, Castroverde, Valderas, Dueñas y Luque.  Alférez mayor of his father Alfonso X King of Castile 7 Jul 1277 to 10 Jan 1284.  Alfonso X King of Castile "con la Reyna doña Yolant mi muger y con nuestros fijos el Infante don Sancho fijo mayor y heredero, y con don Pedro, y D. John, y D. Jaymes" donated "la villa de Caztalla" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 1279[1443]He at first sided with his brother Sancho in revolt against their father, but reconciled himself with the latter who, by will, named Infante don Juan ruler in Seville and Badajoz, although this was never implemented.  Mayordomo mayor of his brother King Sancho IV 20 Aug 1284 to 7 Jan 1285.  He rebelled against his brother, joining Abu Yakub King of Morocco to retake Tarifa for the Moors.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Rex Dns Sancius” captured “Infantem Dnm Joannem germanium proprium” in May 1287[1444].  He claimed the crown of Castile, alleging that King Sancho IV's children were illegitimate as the king was related to his wife in the third degree.  Imprisoned until 1292.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Infans Dns Joannes” declared himself “Regem Legionis” in Jul 1297[1445].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records that “Infans Dns Joannes” made peace with “Regi Dno Fernando” in Jul 1300 and ceased calling himself king[1446].  Alférez mayor of his great nephew Alfonso XI "el Justo" King of Castile 20 Apr 1312 to 2 Aug 1318.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Jun 1319 of “Infantes Dns Joannes et Dns Petrus, in Vega Granatæ[1447].  He died of apoplexy while preparing another campaign against the Moors. 

m firstly (Burgos 1281) as her second husband, MARGHERITA di Monferrato, widow of --- Pallavicini, daughter of GUGLIELMO VII Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Isabel de Clare (-1286).  The Chronica Jacobi de Aquis, dated to 1334, records that "Marchio Guliermus" and his wife "filiam regis Angliæ" had a daughter "Margaritam" who married in Spain, a later passage naming her husband "Zoanne figlolo di Alphonso Re di Spagna"[1448]The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Infante D. Juan" married "D. Margarita hija del Marques de Monferrato"[1449]Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of "Johannes…marchio Montisferrati", dated 18 Jan 1305, which appoints as his heirs "filios Alaxine sororis sue condam et uxoris Puncelli de filiis Ursi", and failing them "filium Margarite sororis sue condam uxoris Johannis infantis de Yspania de Castella"[1450]

m secondly (before 11 May 1287) MARÍA Díaz de Haro Señora de Vizcaya, daughter and heiress of LOPE Díaz de Haro Señor de Vizcaya & his wife Juana Alfonso de Molina ([1274]-monastery of Perales 3 Nov 1342).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Diego que murio moço, D. Maria" as the children of "El Conde D. Lope señor de Biscaya", an earlier passage in the same source recording that "El Infante D. Juan" married "D. Maria"[1451].  Her inheritance was disputed by her uncle Diego [V] de Haro, whom her husband defeated.  The testament of "doña Maria…reyna de Castilla, de Leon, y señora de Molina", dated 29 Jun 1321, names "el Rey D. Fernando mio fijo", makes donations for the souls of "el Rey don Sancho…doña Blanca mi hermana señora que fue de Molina...el Ynfante D. Enrique mio fijo", provides for "el Rey don Alfonso mio nieto…la Infanta doña Isabel mi fija…Infante don Felipe mio fijo…doña Maria mia sobrina muger que fue del Infante d. Juan"[1452]Edward II King of England wrote to “dominæ Mariæ quæ fuit uxor Infantis domini Johannis de Ispania, dominæ de Biscaye consanguineæ regis Angliæ” requesting her support in certain negotiations by charter dated 1 Apr 1324[1453]Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records in 1373 the claim made by “Doña Maria de Lara fija de Don Ferrando de la Cerda” to “las tierras de Lara é de Vizcaya”, which states that “Don Lope...una fija...Doña Maria...Señora de Vizcaya” married “el Infante Don Juan de Castilla[1454]

Infante Juan & his first wife had one child:

1.         ALFONSO de Castilla ([1282/83]-Morales Aug 1316)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D Juan Alfonso" as the son of "El Infante D. Juan" and his wife "D. Margarita hija del Marques de Monferrato"[1455]Señor de Valencia de Campos y Mansilla, during the lifetime of his father, whom he predeceased.   

-        see below

Infante Juan & his second wife had three children:

2.         LOPE Díaz de Haro ([1288]-after 1295).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

3.         MARÍA Díaz de Haro ([1292]-Torrelobatón before 1299).  The Crónica del Rey Fernando IV records that “don Juan Nuñez” had married “una fija deste infante don Juan, que non avia de edad más de tres años[1456]The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m ([1295]) as his second wife, JUAN Núñez de Lara, Señor de Lara y Albarracín, son of JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara & his [first] wife Teresa Álvarez de Azagra Señora de Albarracín ([before 1273]-Burgos Jul 1315 or after 16 Sep 1315). 

4.         JUAN de Castilla "el Tuerto" (after 1293[1457]-murdered Toro 2 Dec 1326)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan" as the son of "El Infante D. Juan" and his wife "D. Maria", adding that he was blind in one eye and therefore called "el Tuerto"[1458].  He succeeded as Señor de Vizcaya, by right of his mother. 

-        SEÑORES de VIZCAYA

 

 

Don ALFONSO de Castilla, son of Infante don JUAN de Castilla y León, Señor de Valencia de Campos & his first wife Margherita di Monferrato ([1282/83]-Morales Aug 1316)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D Juan Alfonso" as the son of "El Infante D. Juan" and his wife "D. Margarita hija del Marques de Monferrato"[1459]Señor de Valencia de Campos y Mansilla, during the lifetime of his father, whom he predeceased.  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Aug 1316 of “Dns Alfonsus, filius Infantis Dni Joannis, in Morales, rure Taurensi[1460]

m firstly (Palencia [1302]) TERESA Núñez de Lara, daughter of JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara & his [first/second wife Teresa Álvarez de Azagra Señora de Albarracín/Teresa Díaz de Haro] (-[1314]).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alvaro Nuñez, D. Juan Nuñez, D. Nuño Gonçalez. D. Juana Nuñez la Palomilla, D. Teresa Nuñez" as the children of "D. Juan Nuñez el Gordo" and his wife "D. Teresa Alvarez", and earlier passage recording that "D Juan Alfonso" married "D. Teresa Nuñez" by whom he was childless[1461]The Crónica del Rey Fernando IV records the marriage of “don Alfonso, fijo del infante don Juan” and “doña Teresa, hermana de don Juan Nuñez”, dated to [1303] from the context[1462]

m secondly ([1314]) JUANA Fernández de Castro, daughter of FERNANDO Rodríguez de Castro Señor de Lemos y Sarría & his wife Violante Sánchez de Castilla. 

Alfonso & his second wife had two children:

1.         FERNANDO Alfonso de Valencia (posthumously 1316-killed in battle Lisbon 1384).  Twin with his brother Alonso.  He succeeded his grandfather in 1319 as Señor de Valencia de Campos, Oropesa, Mansilla, Baena, Ponferrada, Villafranca de Valcárcel, Bembibre, Castroverde, Valderas, Dueñas y Luque.  Grand Master of the Order of Santiago.  m dona MARIA de Portugal, illegitimate daughter of AFONSO IV "o Osado" King of Portugal & his mistress ---.  Fernando & his wife had three children: 

a)         JUAN de Valencia (-[1412]).  He succeeded his father in 1384 as Señor de Valencia de Campos, Oropesa, Mansilla, Baena, Ponferrada, Villafranca de Valcárcel, Bembibre, Castroverde, Valderas, Dueñas y Luque.  Marshal of Castile. 

-        see below