england, earls created 1138-1143

  v2.3 Updated 24 March 2013

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                ARUNDEL. 3

A.         EARLS of ARUNDEL [1138/39]-1243 (ALBINI) 4

B.         EARLS of ARUNDEL 1289-1580 (FITZALAN) 10

Chapter 2.                EARLS of CORNWALL. 22

A.         EARL of CORNWALL 1141-1175. 22

B.         EARLS of CORNWALL 1227-1300. 26

Chapter 3.                DERBY. 34

A.         EARLS of DERBY 1138-1266 (FERRERS) 34

B.         EARLS of DERBY (STANLEY) 49

Chapter 4.                DEVON. 53

A.         EARLS of DEVON 1141-1262 (REDVERS/REVIERS) 53

B.         EARLS of DEVON 1335-1556 (COURTENAY) 64

Chapter 5.                ESSEX. 77

A.         EARLS of ESSEX 1140-1189 (MANDEVILLE -1) 78

B.         EARLS of ESSEX 1199-1227 (MANDEVILLE - 2) 86

C.        EARLS of ESSEX 1461-1540 (BOURCHIER) 92

Chapter 6.                HERTFORD. 97

A.         EARLS of HERTFORD [1138]-1230 (CLARE) 97

Chapter 7.                LINCOLN. 102

A.         EARLS of LINCOLN 1141-1198 (ROUMARE) 103

B.         EARLS of LINCOLN 1147/1148 (GAND) 108

C.        EARLS of LINCOLN 1232-1348 (LACY) 114

Chapter 8.                NORTHUMBERLAND. 119

A.         NORTHUMBERLAND [1080/81]-1095 (MOWBRAY) 120

B.         EARLS of NORTHUMBERLAND 1377-1527 (PERCY) 121

Chapter 9.                OXFORD. 149

A.         EARLS of OXFORD 1142-1526 (VERE) 150

B.         OTHER VERE FAMILIES.. 162

Chapter 10.              PEMBROKE. 164

A.         EARLS of PEMBROKE 1138-[1185/86] (CLARE) 164

B.         EARLS of PEMBROKE 1189-1245 (MARSHAL) 167

C.        EARLS of PEMBROKE 1339-1389 (HASTINGS) 181

Chapter 11.              SALISBURY. 193

A.         EARLS of SALISBURY [1143]-1261 (de SALISBURY) 193

B.         EARLS of SALISBURY 1196-[1310] (LONGESPEE) 197

C.        EARLS of SALISBURY 1337-1462 (MONTAGU) 203

D.        EARLS of SALISBURY 1428-1471 (NEVILLE) 213

E.         COUNTESS of SALISBURY 1514-1539 (POLE) 217

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document sets out the families of the English earldoms which were created during the period between 1138 and 1143, in alphabetical order as chronological order is of little significance in this restricted timeframe.  Two companion documents show the families of earls whose earldoms were created between the Norman conquest and 1122, and between 1207 and 1297. 

 

The first rapid expansion in the number of earldoms in England came during the civil war between King Stephen and Empress Matilda, when each side granted earldoms to his or her main supporters, broadly reflecting the north-west/south-east split of support for the rival claimants in the country.  King Stephen created the earldoms of Arundel (Chichester or Sussex), Bedford, Derby, Essex, Hertford, Lincoln[1], Pembroke, and (briefly) Yorkshire, as well as re-granting the earldom of Norfolk.  Empress Matilda created the earldoms of Cornwall (in favour of her illegitimate half-brother Reynald), Devon, Oxford, Salisbury (Wiltshire) and Somerset (with Dorset), as well as regranting the earldom of Hereford, which had fallen into abeyance, and granting the earldom of Essex to Geoffrey de Mandeville after he defected from the king's camp.  It is notable that the rival claimants did not attempt to elevate rival earls, except in the case of Huntingdon and Northampton.  The spirit of reconciliation after the end of the civil war is reflected in the fact that Empress Matilda's creations were allowed to continue in existence unchallenged by King Stephen. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    ARUNDEL

 

 

The family of Albini (Aubigny) was from Saint-Martin-d'Aubigny in the present day French département Manche.  After the Norman conquest, the castle of Arundel was first possessed by Roger de Montgommery, who was created an earl in 1067 and is generally recognised as Earl of Shrewsbury.  His son, Robert de Bellęme Comte d'Alençon and Earl of Shrewsbury lost his English honours and estates after his attainder in 1102.  Arundel castle was retained by the crown until it was settled on William de Albini on his marriage to Queen Adelisa, widow of King Henry I, as her second husband in [1138/39].  He was created Earl of Arundel by King Stephen in [1142], although he is also referred to as Earl of Chichester and Earl of Sussex.  On the death without male heirs of Hugh de Albini Earl of Arundel in 1243, the title reverted to the crown.  The castle and honour of Arundel were inherited by Hugh´s nephew John FitzAlan, the son of his older sister Isabel.  The FitzAlan family did not use the title Earl of Arundel until it was awarded to John's grandson, Richard FitzAlan, in 1289 by King Edward I.  After the attainder of Edmund FitzAlan Earl of Arundel in 1326, the title was given to Edmund Earl of Kent, son of Edward I King of England, but it was forfeited once more after the attainder of Earl Edmund in 1330.  Richard FitzAlan, son of his predecessor, was fully restored to his honours by King Edward III in 1331.  Yet another interval in the tenure of the FitzAlan family followed the attainder of Richard FitzAlan in 1397, after which John de Holand Duke of Exeter was granted the castle and honour of Arundel.  It is not clear whether he was ever created Earl of Arundel but, whatever the case, all his honours were forfeited after his own attainder in 1400.  After helping King Henry IV to the throne, Thomas FitzAlan was fully restored to his father's honours in 1400 and thereby became Earl of Arundel.  The supremacy of the earldom over all other earldoms was confirmed in 1446 after this precedence was challenged by Thomas Courtenay Earl of Devon[2].  The earldom passed to the Howard family after the death in 1580 of Henry FitzAlan Earl of Arundel, the late earl being succeeded by his grandson Philip Howard Earl of Surrey. 

 

 

 

A.      EARLS of ARUNDEL [1138/39]-1243 (ALBINI)

 

 

WILLIAM d'Aubigny, son of GUILLAUME d'Aubigny "Pincerna" & his wife Matilda le Bigod (after 1100-Waverley Abbey 12 Oct 1176, bur Wymondham, Norfolk).  A memorandum of the foundation of Wymondham Priory records that “Willielmus de Albaneio, pincerna regis Henrici” had “unum filium Willielmum comitem Arundelić[3].  “Willielmus de Albeneyo, pincerna Henrici regis Anglorum” donated property to Wymondham priory, assisted by “uxoris suć Matilidis filić…Rogeri Bigot” by undated charter, witnessed by “filii…eiusdem Willielmi, Nigellus et Oliverus[4].  "Willelmus de Albiniaco" donated “ecclesias de villa...Ham” to Chartres Saint-Pčre by charter dated to [1132/51], witnessed by “...Olivarius frater Willelmi de Albiniaco et Radulfus de Haia et Engerannus de Sai...[5].  He acquired the castle and honour of Arundel through his marriage.  He was created Earl of Lincoln in [1139], lost this earldom to William de Roumare, and was created Earl of Arundel or Sussex in [1141].  "W comes Cicestrie…et regina Adelide" granted land at Wymondham, Norfolk to the church of St Lazarus of Jerusalem by charter dated to [1150], witnessed by "Rogero de Albineio…"[6].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1177 of "Willermus de Albineio…comitem d'Arundel"[7].  Ralph de Diceto records the death "IV Id Oct…apud Waverleie", in 1176 from the context, of "Willelmus de Aubini comes de Arundel" and his burial "apud Wimundeham XIV Kal Nov"[8]

m ([1136/Sep 1139]) as her second husband, ADELISA de Louvain, widow of HENRY I King of England, daughter of GODEFROI V "le Barbu" Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Comte de Louvain & his first wife Ida de Chiny Ctss de Namur ([1103/06]-Afflighem Abbey 23/24 Mar or 23 Apr 1151, bur Afflighem Abbey).  The Genealogia Ducum Brabantić Heredum Francić names (in order) "Alaida…Anglorum regina…comitissa de Cleves Ida…[et] Clarissia virgo" as the three daughters of "Godefridus Cum-barba"[9].  The Balduini Ninovensis Chronicon records the marriage of "Henricus rex Anglorum" and "Athelam filiam Godefridi ducis Lotharingie" in 1121[10].  Orderic Vitalis names her and her father[11].  The castle and honour of Arundel was settled on Queen Adelisa after her first husband died.  Robert of Torigny records that "Willermi de Albinaio quem vocant comitem de Arundel" married "Aelizam reginam relictam Henrici senioris regis Anglorum"[12].  In another passage, Robert of Torigny confirms that she was the mother of her husband's four sons[13].  Adelisa became a nun at Affleghem Abbey, near Aalst in Brabant in 1149/50.  The Annals of Margan record the death in 1151 of “Adelidis, regina secunda Henrici regis[14].  The Continuatio Chronici Afflegemiensis records that “Godefridus cum barba Dux Lotharingić…filia…Aleidis” married “Regi Anglić” in 1121, died “IX Kal Mai” and was buried at Afflighem after the death of her second husband[15]The necrology of Lyre monastery records the death "25 Mar" of "Adelicia regina"[16]

Earl William & his wife had eight children: 

1.         [AGNES ([1139/41]-).  Domesday Descendants records that William Earl of Arundel donated property to Boxgrove Priory for the soul of Agnes, wife of Radulf FitzSavaric, by charter dated [1173] which does not specify the relationship between the two[17].  Considering that she gave birth to a daughter before her husband's death before 1157, Agnes was probably the first child of her parents, assuming that William first Earl of Arundel was her father.  m RADULF FitzSavaric, son of SAVARY FitzCana de Beaumont & his wife Muriel de Bohun (-before 1157).] 

2.         WILLIAM (-24 Dec 1193, bur Wymondham Priory).  Robert of Torigny names "Guillermum primogenitum suum et Godefridum et…comitissam uxorem Johannis comitis Aucensis" as children of "Willermi de Albinaio quem vocant comitem de Arundel" & his wife[18].  He succeeded his father in 1176, generally known as Earl of Sussex as the castle of Arundel was retained by the crown on his father's death.  They were restored to Earl William in 27 Jun 1190, after which he was referred to as Earl of Arundel[19].  The Annals of Waverley record the death “in vigilia Natalis Domini” in 1193 of “Willelmus comes junior de Arundel[20]m (after 1173) as her second husband, MATILDA de Saint-Hilaire, widow of ROGER de Clare Earl of Hertford, daughter and heiress of JAMES de Saint-Hilaire & his wife Aveline ---.  Robert of Torigny records that "Willermus de Albineio…comitem d'Arundel…[filium] Guillermum de Albineio primogenito" and "relictam Rogerii comitis de Clara filiam Jacobi de Sancto Hilario"[21].  Her name is confirmed by the undated charter which records that “Wilielmus comes Sussexić” confirmed donations to Boxgrove Priory by his predecessors “Rogerus de Albineio, et Willelmus Pincerna…et Willielmi patris mei filii reginć Aeliz, et Matildis matris meć[22].  Earl William & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         WILLIAM (-Cainell, near Rome before 30 Mar 1221[23], bur Wymondham Priory).  “Wilielmus comes Sussexić” confirmed donations to Boxgrove Priory by his predecessors “Rogerus de Albineio, et Willelmus Pincerna…et Willielmi patris mei filii reginć Aeliz, et Matildis matris meć” to Boxgrove Priory by undated charter, which names “domina Avicia, uxor Rogeri de Albineio…et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Nigelli[24].  He succeeded his father in 1193 as Earl of Arundel

-        see below

b)         [AGNES .  A manuscript record of the Mowbray family (many of the details in which relating to the early generations of the family are inconsistent with other sources) states that the wife of “Willihelmus…primogenitus et hćres Nigelli de Molbray” married “[filiam] comitis de Arundel…Agnetem” who was mother of his two sons[25].  The identification of this person has not yet been corroborated from other sources.  m WILLIAM de Mowbray, son of NELE de Mowbray & his wife Mabel --- (-Axholme before 25 Mar 1224, bur Neufbourg).] 

3.         RENIER (-after [1200]).  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1177 of "Willermus de Albineio…comitem d'Arundel" and specifies that he left four sons, without naming the youngest three[26].  The primary source which confirms his name has not yet been identified.  “Willelmus comes tertius Sussexić” confirmed the donation of "terram de Snergate, quć est de feodo de Bilsentone" made to Robert´s Bridge Abbey by “Adelicić comitissć de Augo amitć meć”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Renerio de Aubenio, Willielmo de Albineio filio comitis…[27].  The priority position of "Renerio de Aubenio" in the list of witnesses, before the confirmant´s own son, suggests that he may have been the senior surviving male representative of the family at the time. 

4.         HENRY .  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1177 of "Willermus de Albineio…comitem d'Arundel" and specifies that he left four sons, without naming the youngest three[28].  The primary source which confirms his name has not yet been identified.  

5.         GODEFROI .  Robert of Torigny names "Guillermum primogenitum suum et Godefridum et…comitissam uxorem Johannis comitis Aucensis" as children of "Willermi de Albinaio quem vocant comitem de Arundel" & his wife[29].  “Godfridus filius comitis” witnessed the undated charter under which “Wilielmus comes Arundelli” donated property “Bessesola..[et] Winkingas” to Boxgrove Priory, for the souls of “Adelizć reginć…Olivć sororis meć, et Olyvć filić meć, et Agathć, quć ibi iacent[30].  “Alizia comitissa Augi” donated "terram meam de Snergate, infra wallum et extra" to Robert´s Bridge Abbey, for the souls of “Willielmi comitis Arundelić patris mei et Alizić reginć matris meć et…domini mei J. comitis Augi et Godefridi fratris mei et Matildis et Margaretć filiarum mearum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Henrico comite Augi, Roberto fratre eius, Aluredo de Sancto Martino…[31]

6.         ALICE (-11 Sep [1188], bur Fécamp).  Robert of Torigny names "Guillermum primogenitum suum et Godefridum et…comitissam uxorem Johannis comitis Aucensis" as children of "Willermi de Albinaio quem vocant comitem de Arundel" & his wife[32].  "Johannes comes Augi" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport by a charter dated [1169/70], witnessed by "Henricus et Robertus filii comitis et A[elicia] comitissa Augi"[33].  "Alizia comitissa Augi" donated property to the abbey of Robert's Bridge for the soul of "Willielmi comitis Arundelie patris mei et Alizie regine matris mee et…domini mei J. comitis Augi et Godefridi fratris mei et Matildis et Margarete filiarum mearum" by undated charter witnessed by "Henrico comite Augi, Roberto fratris eius"[34].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  It is suggested by a charter of King Edward III dated 5 Nov 1337 which confirms various donations to Robert´s Bridge Abbey in Sussex founded by “Aluredus de Sancto Martino”, including “terram de Swergate et pasturam infra Wallam et extra” donated by “Alicić comitissć de Augo et Henrici filii eius comitis Augi[35].  “Alizia comitissa Augi” donated "terram meam de Snergate, infra wallam et extra" to Robert´s Bridge Abbey, for the souls of “Willielmi comitis Arundelić patris mei et Alizić reginć matris meć et…domini mei J. comitis Augi et Godefridi fratris mei et Matildis et Margaretć filiarum mearum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Henrico comite Augi, Roberto fratre eius, Aluredo de Sancto Martino…[36]m firstly JEAN [I] Comte d'Eu Lord of Hastings, son of HENRI Comte d'Eu & his third wife Marguerite de Sully (-Fécamp 26 Jun 1170, bur Fécamp).  m secondly as his second wife, ALURED de Saint-Martin, son of --- (-after 20 Nov 1189[37]). 

7.         OLIVIA (-young, bur Boxgrove Priory).  “Wilielmus comes Arundelli” donated property “Bessesola..[et] Winkingas” to Boxgrove Priory, for the souls of “Adelizć reginć…Olivć sororis meć, et Olyvć filić meć, et Agathć, quć ibi iacent”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Godfridus filius comitis[38]

8.         [AGATHA (-young, bur Boxgrove Priory).  “Wilielmus comes Arundelli” donated property “Bessesola..[et] Winkingas” to Boxgrove Priory, for the souls of “Adelizć reginć…Olivć sororis meć, et Olyvć filić meć, et Agathć, quć ibi iacent”, by undated charter[39].  The document does not specify the relationship between Agatha and the donor, but the wording suggests that she was another of his daughters.] 

 

 

The relationship, if any, between the following person and the Albini family has not been established: 

1.         ROGER de Albini (-after [1150]).  "W comes Cicestrie…et regina Adelide" granted land at Wymondham, Norfolk to the church of St Lazarus of Jerusalem by charter dated to [1150], witnessed by "Rogero de Albineio…"[40]

 

 

WILLIAM d´Albini, son of WILLIAM Earl of Arundel & his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire (-Cainell, near Rome before 30 Mar 1221[41], bur Wymondham Priory).  “Wilielmus comes Sussexić” confirmed donations to Boxgrove Priory by his predecessors “Rogerus de Albineio, et Willelmus Pincerna…et Willielmi patris mei filii reginć Aeliz, et Matildis matris meć” to Boxgrove Priory by undated charter, which names “domina Avicia, uxor Rogeri de Albineio…et filiorum suorum Willielmi et Nigelli[42].  He succeeded his father in 1193 as Earl of Arundel.  “Willelmus comes tertius Sussexić” confirmed the donation of "terram de Snergate, quć est de feodo de Bilsentone" made to Robert´s Bridge Abbey by “Adelicić comitissć de Augo amitć meć”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Renerio de Aubenio, Willielmo de Albineio filio comitis…[43].  The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1221 of "Willelmus de Albineio comes de Arundel…de Terra Sancta rediens" and his burial "apud Wymundham"[44].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “comes Arundel” died in 1221 in Italy and his body brought back for burial at “apud Wimundeham[45]

m MABEL of Chester, daughter of HUGH "le Meschin" Earl of Chester & his wife Bertrade de Montfort (-after 1232).  The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestrić" had four sisters, of whom "secunda…Mabillia" married "comiti Arundelle"[46].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "comes Cestrie" gave land "in Calswah" in Lincolnshire to "comiti de Arundell in maritagium cum sorore sua"[47].  

Earl William & his wife had six children: 

1.         WILLIAM ([1200][48]-[before 7] Aug 1224, bur Wymondham Priory).  “Willelmus comes tertius Sussexić” confirmed the donation of "terram de Snergate, quć est de feodo de Bilsentone" made to Robert´s Bridge Abbey by “Adelicić comitissć de Augo amitć meć”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Renerio de Aubenio, Willielmo de Albineio filio comitis…[49].  He succeeded his father in 1221 as Earl of Arundel.  The Annals of Dunstable record that “comes de Arundel” died in 1224[50]

2.         MATILDA [Mabilia] .  The Annales Londonienses name "Mabiliam, Nicholaam, Ceciliam et Isabellam" as the four daughters of "secunda…Mabillia…uxor comitis de Arundelle", specifying that "Mabiliam" married "Roberto de Tateshale"[51]m as his first wife, ROBERT de Tattershall, son of WILLIAM de Tattershall & his wife Iseult Pantolf (-16 Jul 1249).  Robert & his wife had one child: 

3.         ISABEL (-before 1240).  The Annales Londonienses name "Mabiliam, Nicholaam, Ceciliam et Isabellam" as the four daughters of "secunda…Mabillia…uxor comitis de Arundelle", specifying that "Isabella" married "Johanni filio Alani"[52].  m as his first wife, JOHN FitzAlan, son of WILLIAM FitzAlan Lord of Clun and Oswestry, Shropshire & his wife --- (-1240). 

4.         HUGH ([1213/15]-7 May 1243, bur Wymondham Priory[53]).  He succeeded his brother in 1224 as Earl of Arundel, coming of age 10 May 1235.  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1243 of “Hugo comes de Arundel[54].  On his death, the earldom of Sussex reverted to the crown, while his estates were divided between his four sisters.  m (1234) ISABEL de Warenne, daughter of WILLIAM de Warenne Earl of Surrey & his second wife Matilda Marshal of Pembroke (-before 23 Nov 1282, bur Marham, Norfolk).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, names (in order) ”Johannes de Garren comes de Garren et Isabella de Aubeni soror eius et comitissa de Arundel” as the children of “Johanni de Garrene comiti de Surrey” and his wife Matilda Marshal of the Earls of Pembroke[55].  She is named "Ysabella comitissa Harundollić quondam Hugonis comitis Harundellić uxor" when Matthew Paris records her foundation of the nunnery of Marham near Lymm[56]

5.         NICOLE .  The Annales Londonienses name "Mabiliam, Nicholaam, Ceciliam et Isabellam" as the four daughters of "secunda…Mabillia…uxor comitis de Arundelle", specifying that "Nicholaa" married "Rogeri de Someri" and had "filium Radulphum qui mortuus erat ante patrem suum et quatuor filias, Margaretam, Johannam, Elizabetham et Matildam, Margareta nupsit Radulpho de Basset juniori, Johanna nupsit Johanni Lestrange, Elizabetha Waltero de Souli, Matillda Henrico de Erdyntoune"[57]m as his first wife, ROGER [IV] de Somery of Dudley, Worcestershire, son of RALPH [II] de Somery & his wife Margaret Crassus (-26 Aug 1273 or before).  He inherited the manor of Barrow-on-Sour, Leicestershire, on the death of his brother-in-law. 

6.         CICELY .  The Annales Londonienses name "Mabiliam, Nicholaam, Ceciliam et Isabellam" as the four daughters of "secunda…Mabillia…uxor comitis de Arundelle", specifying that "Cecilia" married "Rogero de Monte Alto"[58]m ROGER de Mold [Montalt], son of ---.  He inherited the manor of Kenninghall, Castle of Rising, Norfolk, on the death of his brother-in-law.   

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of ARUNDEL 1289-1580 (FITZALAN)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

WILLIAM FitzAlan, son of ALAN FitzFlaald & his [second] wife Adeline [Aveline] d'Hesdin (-1160).  He founded the Augustinian priory of Haughmond in Shropshire in [1130/38], which became an abbey in 1155[59].  The Gesta Stephani Regis names "Willelmus filius Alani" among the supporters of Empress Matilda in the English civil war[60].  "William Fitz Alan" donated the fishery of Upton-upon-Severn to Haughmond abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Walter his brother, Christiana his wife…"[61].  A charter of Henry II King of England, dated 1176, recites donations to Haughmond abbey including that of "Willielmus filius Alani" of "terram de Piperinges" previously enjoyed by "Aveline matris ipsius Willielmi filius Alani"[62].  He was Sheriff of Shropshire in 1138[63] and in [1155/56].  The 1156 Pipe Roll records "Wills fili Alani. Redd Comp." in Shropshire[64].  “Ric comes de Arundell et dom de Albo” confirmed donations of property by “bonć memorić Wil. filii Alani antecessoris nostri” to Shrewsbury Abbey by charter dated “die Martiis in festo Annunciationis beatć Marić anno regni regis Edwardi vicesimo[65].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmo filio Alani i m" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1161/62][66]

m firstly CHRISTIANA, niece of ROBERT FitzRoy Earl of Gloucester, daughter of ---.  Orderic Vitalis records that "William fitz Alan castellan and vicecomes of Shrewsbury" married "a niece of Robert Earl of Gloucester"[67].  "William Fitz Alan" donated the fishery of Upton-upon-Severn to Haughmond abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Walter his brother, Christiana his wife…"[68].  

m secondly ([1153/54]) as her first husband, ISABEL de Say, daughter of ELIAS de Say Lord of Clun, Shropshire & his wife ---.  A charter of Henry II King of England, dated 1176, recites donations to Haughmond abbey including that of "Willielmus filius Alani" of the church of Stokes with the consent of "Isabelle uxoris sue"[69].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Heiress of the honour of Clun.  She married secondly ([1160/66]) as his second wife, Geoffrey de Vere, and thirdly ([1171]) as his first wife, William Boterel [II] of Cornwall.  The primary source which confirms her second and third marriages has not yet been identified.  

William & his first wife had one child:

1.         ALAN (-bur Haughmond Abbey).  "William Fitz Alan with his wife Dame Christiana" donated land at Hales to Haughmond abbey, for the soul of "their son Alan…[buried] there", by undated charter[70]

William & his [first/second] wife had one child:

2.         CHRISTIANA .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by reading several documents together: firstly, under a charter dated [3 Mar/24 Jun] 1170, Henry II King of England authorised deduction from the FitzAlan estates of revenue from the manor of Badminton "which the king had assigned as the marriage portion of William fitz Alan´s daughter"; secondly, Hugh Pantulf donated his rights in the church of Badminton to Lilleshall abbey by charter dated to [1215/18]; thirdly, Hugh Pantulf names his wife "Christiana" in a donation to Shrewsbury abbey[71].  It is assumed that Christiana was William´s daughter by his first marriage because of her name, but this is not beyond all doubt.  m (before [3 Mar/24 Jun] 1170) HUGH Pantulf of Wem, son of IVO Pantulf & his wife --- (-before 28 Dec 1224). 

William & his second wife had one child:

3.         WILLIAM FitzAlan ([1154]-[1210]).  He came of age in 1175[72].  “Willielmus filius Willielmi filii Alani” donated “villam…Parva Buldewas” to Buildwas Abbey, Shropshire by undated charter, witnessed by “Johannes Extraneus et Wido frater eius, Johannes filius Johannis Extranei, Wido et Hamo filii Widonis Extranei, Thomas filius Roberti filii Noelli…[73].  A register of Dunstable priory records the death in 1210 of William FitzAlan[74]m --- de Lacy, daughter of HUGH de Lacy of Ludlow and Ewyas [later Lord of Meath] & his first wife Rose ---.  Her parentage and marriage are referred to by Eyton but he cites no primary source on which this is based[75].  William & his wife had four children: 

a)         WILLIAM (-[Apr] [1215]).  "William, son of William Fitz Alan" confirmed donations of land at Downton to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1210][76].  An undated writ reports the death of "William Fitz Alan" is reported at "Clun in company with his brother John…at Easter last", dated to [1215][77]m (betrothed Jul 1214) MARY de Erdington, daughter of THOMAS de Erdington & his wife ---.  "Thomas de Erdington" purchased the wardship of the FitzAlan estates in early Jul 1214, the marriage of his daughter to the elder son of "the late William FitzAlan" being agreed at the same time[78].  A writ of King Henry III dated 13 Oct 1217 ordered the sheriff of Oxfordshire to give seizing to Thomas de Erdington of the manor of Nortun "which was the dower of his daughter Mary out of the lands of William fitz Alan, late her husband"[79]

b)         JOHN FitzAlan (-before 15 Mar 1240).  An undated writ reports the death of "William Fitz Alan" is reported at "Clun in company with his brother John…at Easter last", dated to [1215][80]m firstly ISABEL d'Aubigny, daughter of WILLIAM Earl of Arundel & his wife Mabel of Chester (-before 1240).  The Annales Londonienses name "Mabiliam, Nicholaam, Ceciliam et Isabellam" as the four daughters of "secunda…Mabillia…uxor comitis de Arundelle", specifying that "Isabella" married "Johanni filio Alani"[81]m secondly HAWISE de Blancminster, daughter of --- (-before 19 Sep 1242).  Writs-Close were addressed to the sheriffs of Sussex and elsewhere relative to the assignment of the dower of "Hawyse de Albo Monasterio, widow of John fitz Alan" 15 Mar 1240[82].  Her dower devolved to the estate of her stepson John FitzAlan 19 Sep 1242[83].  John & his first wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN ([May 1223]-1267 before 10 Nov).  The Annales Londonienses name "Johannem" as the son of "Johanni filio Alani" & his wife[84].  He succeeded his father in 1240 as Lord of Clun and Oswestry.  The castle of Arundel was awarded to him 27 Nov 1243 as part of the inheritance of his maternal uncle Hugh de Albini Earl of Arundel, but he was never known by the title of Earl of Arundel[85]m (before 1240) as her first husband, MATILDA de Verdun, daughter of NICHOLAS de Verdun & his wife Clementia --- (-27 Nov 1283).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by an inquisition after the death of "Robert Waleraund" which records that the deceased held "Stupellaunton [Wiltshire]...of the gift of Lady Maud de Albo Monasterio sometime the wife of Sir John son of Alan, who had the land in free marriage from Lady Clemence de Verdun her mother"[86].  She married secondly Richard de Amundeville.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   John & his wife had one child: 

(a)       JOHN (14 Sep 1245-18 Mar 1272, bur Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire).  He succeeded his father in 1267 as Lord of Clun and Oswestry, and as owner of the title and honour of the castle of Arundel.  m (before 14 May 1260) as her first husband, ISABEL de Mortimer, daughter of ROGER de Mortimer of Wigmore & his wife Matilda de Briouse (-after 1300).  Hearings following the death of "John son of Alan of Arundel", dated “2 Edw I”, record that "Isabel late the wife of the said John" claimed her dower, naming “Roger de Mortuomari guardian of the said John´s heir[87].  She married secondly (before 1273) Ralph d'Arderne, and thirdly (Poling, Sussex 2 Sep 1285) Robert de Hastang.  John & his wife had two children: 

(1)       RICHARD (3 Feb 1267-9 Mar 1302, bur Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire).  He was created Earl of Arundel [Sussex] in 1289. 

-         see below

(2)       MATILDA (-before [1330]).  The licence for “Matilda late the wife of Philip Burnel tenant in chief” to marry “Robert de Brus lord of Annandale” is dated 19 Sep 1295[88].  An order dated 13 Oct 1296 relates to a claim by "Robert de Brus earl of Carrick and lord of Annandale and Matill[idis] his wife in a plea of dower"[89].  “Matilda formerly the wife of Philip Burnel” sued “Ralph Springehose” and others for land in Wolverhampton and 26 named tenants in Wolverhampton for a third of their holdings “in that vill as her dower” dated [6 May/1 Jun] 1299[90].  Her third marriage is confirmed by an agreement dated “Saturday before Midsummer 8 Edw II” between “Sir Hugh le Despenser and Sir John de Haudlo” and “Simon Criketot” relating to covenants between Sir Hugh and Sir John and “Dame Maud Burnell now wife of the said Simon” on the marriage of “the said Sir John and Dame Maud Lovel daughter of the said Dame Maud Burnel[91].  “John de Handlo [Haudlo] and Maud his wife” petitioned for lands, dated to [1330], stating that “Philip Burnel, father of Maud de Handlo, and Maud his wife” were seised of tenements “given in free marriage by Richard Fitz Alan Earl of Arundel, Maud´s brother”, after the death of Maud senior[92]m firstly Sir PHILIP Burnell of Condover, Holgate, Acton Burnell (Shropshire) and Little Rissington (Gloucestershire)[93], son of --- (-1294, before 3 Jun).  He and his wife were ancestors of the Lords Burnell[94]m secondly (licence 19 Sep 1295, divorced [Oct 1296/May 1299]) as his second wife, ROBERT [VI] de Brus [Lord Brus] Lord of Annandale, son of ROBERT [V] de Brus Lord of Annandale & his first wife Isabel de Clare (Jul 1243-shortly before 4 Apr 1304, bur Abbey of Holm Cultram).  m thirdly (before 19 Jun 1316) SIMON Criketot, son of ---. 

c)         AGNES .  A writ of King John dated 23 Nov 1213 ordered "John Mareschall" to value land and rents from the estate of "the late William Fitz Alan" for "Philip son of Simon de Kyme" in lieu of the land which "Fitz Alan had given to his daughter in marriage"[95].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Philippus de Kyma” married “Agnetem Waleys[96].  “Philippus de Kima” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "avus meus Philippus de Kima", for the soul of "Agnetis sponć meć", by undated charter[97]m PHILIP de Kyme, son of SIMON de Kyme & his wife Rohese --- (-1242). 

d)         PETRONILLA .  Her parentage, marriage and descendants are referred to by Eyton[98]m (before Apr 1213) WALTER de Dunstanville of Idsall, son of WALTER de Dunstanville & his [second] wife Sibylla --- (-before 21 Aug 1241). 

 

 

RICHARD FitzAlan, son of JOHN FitzAlan Lord of Clun and Oswestry & his wife Isabel de Mortimer (3 Feb 1267-9 Mar 1302, bur Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire).  He succeeded his father in 1272 as Lord of Clun and Oswestry, and as owner of the title and honour of the castle of Arundel, and had seisin of his lands 8 Dec 1287.  He was created Earl of Arundel [Sussex] in 1289, although this is the last time that the old title Earl of Sussex is heard of[99].  “Ric comes de Arundell et dom de Albo” confirmed donations of property by “bonć memorić Wil. filii Alani antecessoris nostri” to Shrewsbury Abbey by charter dated “die Martiis in festo Annunciationis beatć Marić anno regni regis Edwardi vicesimo[100]

m (before 1285) ALASIA di Saluzzo, daughter of TOMASO I Marchese di Saluzzo & his wife Luisa di Ceva (-25 Sep 1292). 

Earl Richard & his wife had four children: 

1.         EDMUND (1 May 1285-executed Hereford 17 Nov 1326).  He succeeded his father in 1302 as Earl of Arundel.  He was loyal to King Edward II but was captured in Shropshire by supporters of Queen Isabelle and beheaded without trial, and subsequently attainted whereupon his honours were forfeited[101]m (1305) ALICE de Warenne, daughter of WILLIAM de Warenne & his wife Joan de Vere of Oxford ([May/Jul 1287]-before 23 May 1338).  Earl Edmund & his wife had four children: 

a)         RICHARD ([1313]-Arundel 24 Jan 1376, bur Lewes Priory, Sussex).  He was restored as Earl of Arundel in 1331.   

-        see below

b)         ALICE (-bur Walden Abbey).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Alicia Arundell” as the wife of “Johannes de Boon, comes Herefordić et Essexić” and records that she was buried at Walden[102].  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records the marriage of “Johannes de Bohun comes”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and “Aliciam filiam domini Edmundi comitis Arundelić” after the death of his father, and her burial at Walden[103]m (Papal dispensation Feb 1325) as his first wife, JOHN de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex & his wife Elizabeth of England (St Clements 23 Nov 1306-Kirkby Thore, co. Westmoreland 20 Jan 1336, bur Stratford Abbey near London). 

c)         ALINE [Alaine] (-20 Jan 1386).  m (1338 or before) ROGER Lestrange, son of ROGER Lestrange Lord Strange (of Knokyn) & his first wife Matilda --- ([1326/27]-Keneyleswode [Kenwick´s Wood, Ellesmere parish, Shropshire?] 23 Aug 1382).  He succeeded his father in 1349 as Lord Strange (of Knokyn)[104]

d)         KATHERINE (-before 23 May 1376).  m firstly (before 16 Oct 1347) as his second wife, HENRY Husee Lord Husee, son of HENRY Husee Lord Husee & his wife Isabel --- ([1301/02]-1 Jul 1349).  m secondly (after 6 Aug 1350) Sir ANDREW Peverell, son of --- (-before 1375). 

2.         JOHN .  A priest. 

3.         MARGARET

4.         ALICE [Alasia] (-7 Feb 1340).  Her existence is proved by (1) Calendar of Inquisitiones post mortem[105] which states that the wardship of two parts of a messuage in Upton, Shropshire was "in the hands of Alesia the said Earl's daughter by his gift" and (2) the registers of Chaucombe Priory[106] which note that Alice's brother Edmund Earl of Arundel settled property on her and her husband Stephen de Segrave and also give Alice's date of death.  m STEPHEN de Segrave, son of JOHN de Segrave Lord Segrave & his wife Christiane de Plessis (-before 12 Dec 1325, bur Chautcombe Priory).  He succeeded his father in [1325] as 3rd Lord Segrave. 

 

 

RICHARD FitzAlan, son of EDMUND FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his wife Alice de Warenne ([1313]-Arundel 24 Jan 1376, bur Lewes Priory, Sussex).  His father's assets having been forfeited following his execution in 1326 (for supporting King Edward II against the Queen and Mortimer), Richard FitzAlan's inheritance was restored in 1330 and he succeeded as Earl of Arundel, known as "Copped Hat".  He succeeded in 1347 to the estates of the Warenne family, on the death of his uncle John de Warenne 8th Earl of Surrey, although he only assumed the title Earl of Surrey after the death of the 8th Earl's widow Joan in 1361[107].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1375 IX Kal Feb” of “Ricardus comes Arundell[108]

m firstly (1321, annulled 1344) ISABEL Le Despencer, daughter of Sir HUGH Le Despencer the younger, Lord Le Despencer & his wife Eleanor de Clare of Gloucester ([1312]-).  The Chronicle of Lanercost records that "comes Arundelić" married "filiam domini Hugonis, junioris"[109]

m secondly (Ditton Church, Stoke Poges, Bucks 5 Feb 1345, Papal dispensation 4 Mar 1345) as her second husband, ELEANOR of Lancaster, widow of JOHN de Beaumont, daughter of HENRY Earl of Lancaster & his wife Matilda Chaworth ([1318]-Arundel Castle, Sussex 11 Jan 1372, bur Lewes Priory, Sussex).  While her first husband was still alive, and before Earl Richard's annulment of his first marriage, she lived with her future second husband. 

Earl Richard & his first wife had two children (bastardised in 1344 on the annulment of their parents´ marriage[110]):

1.         EDMUND de Arundel ([1327]-after 1377)m (before Jul 1349) SIBYL de Montagu, daughter WILLIAM de Montagu Earl of Salisbury & his wife Katharine de Grandison .  Edmund & his wife had two children: 

a)         ALICE de Arundelm Sir LEONARD Carew (1342-1370).  Ancestors of the Earls of Totnes[111]

b)         [112]PHILIPPA de Arundel (-13 Sep 1399)m firstly Sir RICHARD Sergeaux (-30 Sep 1393).  m secondly ([1396/20 Apr 1399]) as his first wife, Sir JOHN Cornwall, son of Sir JOHN Cornwall & his wife --- [niece of the Duke of Brittany] (born at sea in St Michael's Mount Bay, Cornwall-Ampthill 10/11 Dec 1443, bur Ludgate, cemetery of the Black Friars). 

2.         MARY [Isabel] (-29 Aug 1396).  m JOHN Lestrange 4th Lord Strange (of Blackmere), son of JOHN Lestrange Lord Strange (of Blackmere) & his wife Ankaret Boteler of Wem, Shropshire (Whitchurch [Easter] 1332-12 May 1361). 

Earl Richard & his second wife had eight children: 

3.         EDMUND ([1346]-[1366]). 

4.         RICHARD (1346-beheaded Cheapside 21 Sep 1397, bur Church of the Augustine Friars, Bread Street, London).  He succeeded his father 1376 as Earl of Arundel.  A member of the Council of Regency on the accession of King Richard II.  He took an active part against the King with the Duke of Gloucester.  Despite obtaining a pardon for his political offences in 1394, he was arrested 12 Jul 1397 and found guilty of treason[113].  All his honours were forfeited.  m firstly (contract 28 Sep 1359, Papal dispensation Sep 1359) ELIZABETH de Bohun, daughter of WILLIAM de Bohun Earl of Northampton & his wife Elizabeth de Badlesmere (-3 Apr 1385, bur Lewes).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Humfredus undecimus et una filia…Elizabetha” as the children of “Willielmus de Bohun”, son of “Humfredus octavus”, and his wife “Elizabetham filiam domini Bartholomei de Badlesmere”, adding that Elizabeth married “Richardo filio et hćrede [Richardi] comitis Arundelić[114]m secondly (15 Aug 1390) as her second husband, PHILIPPA Mortimer, widow of JOHN Hastings Earl of Pembroke, daughter of EDMUND Mortimer Earl of March & his wife Philippa of Clarence (Ludlow Castle, Shropshire 21 Nov 1375-Halnaker, Sussex 24 Sep 1401, bur Boxgrove Priory, near Lewes, Sussex).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey names “Philippa” as daughter of “Edmundo comite Marchić et Philippa consorte sua”, adding that she was born “apud Loddelowe XXI Nov 1375”, married “domino Radulpho Hastynges comiti Pembrochić, postea Ricardo comiti Arundellić et ultimo --- domino St John[115].  She married thirdly ([Apr 1398/24 Nov 1399]) as his second wife, Sir Thomas de Poynings Lord St John of Basing.  Earl Richard & his first wife had seven children: 

a)         ELEANOR (-1375)m ([28 Oct 1371]) ROBERT de Ufford, son of WILLIAM de Ufford Earl of Suffolk & his first wife Joan Baroness Montagu (-[1 Aug 1375]). 

b)         ELIZABETH (before 1375-8 Jul 1425).  A manuscript record of the Mowbray family states that “Thomas Mowbray…ducem de Norfolk” married “filiam comitis de Arundell…Elizabetham[116]m firstly (before Dec 1378) Sir WILLIAM de Montagu, son of WILLIAM de Montagu Earl of Salisbury & his second wife Matilda Mohun (-Windsor 6 Aug 1382).  m secondly (Jul 1384) as his second wife, THOMAS Mowbray Earl of Nottingham Lord Mowbray, son of JOHN Mowbray 4th Lord Mowbray & his wife Elizabeth de Segrave (22 Mar 1366-Venice 22 Sep 1399, bur Venice, abbey of St George).  He was created Duke of Norfolk 29 Sep 1397, and succeeded to the Earldom of Norfolk in 1399 on the death of his maternal grandmother.  m thirdly (before 19 Aug 1401) Sir ROBERT Goushill of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire .  m fourthly (before 3 Jul 1414) Sir GERARD Usflete

c)         JOAN (1375-14 Nov 1435, bur Hereford, Black Friars)m WILLIAM Beauchamp Lord of Abergavenny, son of THOMAS de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick & his wife Catherine de Mortimer (-8 May 1411, bur Hereford, Black Friars). 

d)         ALICEm (before Mar 1392) JOHN Cherleton Lord Cherleton, son of JOHN Cherleton Lord Cherleton & his wife Joan de Stafford of the Earls of Stafford (25 Apr 1362-Pool Castle 19 Oct 1401). 

e)         son . 

f)          THOMAS (13 Oct 1381-Arundel 13 Oct 1415, bur Arundel).  After the death of his father he was the ward of John Holand Duke of Exeter, who had been awarded the castle and honour of Arundel.  He was treated badly but escaped to his uncle Thomas, the deposed Archbishop of Canterbury, to Utrecht where they lived in poverty.  He helped King Henry IV to acquire the throne in 1400 and was awarded with the restoration of his honours in Oct 1400 when he became Earl of Arundel.  He died of dysentery contracted at the siege of Harfleur[117].  His three surviving sisters, Elizabeth, Joan and Margaret, were his co-heiresses to the estates of the Earldom of Surrey.  m (by proxy Lambeth 26 Nov 1405, in person London Apr 1411) as her first husband, dona BRITES de Portugal, illegitimate daughter of dom JOĂO I King of Portugal & his mistress dona Inez Perez Esteves ([1386]-Bordeaux 23 Oct 1439, bur Arundel).  She was naturalised in England in 1421 to settle a dispute about her dower[118].  She married secondly (licence 20 Jan 1433) John Holand Earl of Huntingdon, later Duke of Exeter. 

g)         MARGARET (1382-).  m Sir ROWLAND Lenthall of Hampton Court, Herefordshire. 

Earl Richard & his second wife had one child:

h)         JOHN ([1394]-after 1397). 

5.         JOAN ([1347]- 7 Apr 1419, bur Walden Abbey).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the marriage of “Humfredus filius domini Willielmi de Bohun, comitis de Northampton” and “dominam Joannam filiam comitis Arundellć[119].  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Humfredus undecimus” married “Johannam filiam Richardi comitis Arundelić et de Surreia[120].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “VII Id Apr 1419” of “Johanna filia comitis Arundel” and her burial with her husband at Walden[121]m (after 9 Sep 1359) HUMPHREY [X] de Bohun, son of WILLIAM de Bohun Earl of Northampton & his wife Elizabeth de Badlesmere (25 Mar 1342-16 Jan 1373, bur Walden Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1360 as Earl of Northampton.  He succeeded his uncle in 1361 as Earl of Hereford and Essex, hereditary Constable of England. 

6.         ALICE ([1350]-17 Mar 1416)[122]Betrothed (1354) to EDMUND Mortimer, son of ROGER Mortimer Earl of March & his wife Philippa de Montagu of Salisbury (Llangoed, Llyswen, Breconshire 1 Feb 1352-Cork, Dominican Friary 27 Dec 1381, bur Cork, Dominican Friary, later transferred to Wigmore).  He succeeded his father in 1360 as Earl of March.  m (after 10 Apr 1364) THOMAS de Holand Earl of Kent, son of Sir THOMAS de Holand of Broughton, Buckinghamshire & his wife Joan Ctss of Kent ([1350]-25 Apr 1397, bur Bourne Abbey, Lincolnshire). 

7.         JOHN d'Arundel ([1351]-at sea 15/16 Dec 1379, bur Lewes Priory).  He was summoned to parliament in 1377, whereby he is held to have become Lord Arundel.  He was Marshal of England in 1377, and 9 Apr 1378.  He was drowned in the Irish Sea, having been shipwrecked after defeating the French fleet off the coast of Cornwall[123]m (17 Feb 1359) as her first husband, ELEANOR Baroness Mautravers, daughter of Sir JOHN Mautravers & his wife Gwenthlian --- ([1345]-10 Jan 1405, bur [Lewes Priory]).  She was declared co-heiress (eventually sole heiress) of her grandfather Lord Mautravers 16 Feb 1365.  She married secondly (dispensation 9 Sep 1384) as his second wife, Reynold Cobham Lord Cobham.  John & his wife had four children: 

a)         JOHN d'Arundel (30 Nov 1364-14 Aug 1390, bur Missenden Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1379 as Lord Arundel, but was never summoned to parliament[124]m (before 1387) as her first husband, ELIZABETH le Despencer, daughter of EDWARD le Despencer Lord Despencer & his wife Elizabeth Burghersh (-10/11 Apr 1408, bur [Tewkesbury Abbey]).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Cecilia…Elizabeth…Annam…et Margaretam” as the four daughters of “Edwardus…secundus, filius…Edwardi” and his wife, born after their two older brothers, adding that Elizabeth was “dominam de la Sowch et relictam domini Johannis de Arundell[125].  She married secondly William La Zouche Lord Zouche of Haryngworth.  John & his wife had three children: 

i)          JOHN d'Arundel (Ditton Manor, Stoke Pogis, Buckinghamshire 1 Aug 1385-21 Apr 1421, bur Arundel).  He succeeded his paternal grandmother in 1405 as Lord Mautravers.  He succeeded in 1415 as Earl of Arundel

-         see below

ii)         EDMUND

iii)        Sir THOMAS FitzAlan of Beechwood .  m ---.  The name of Sir Thomas´s wife is not known.  Sir Thomas & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ELEANORm Sir THOMAS Browne .  Treasurer of the household of King Henry V. 

b)         WILLIAM

c)         THOMAS or EDWARD . 

d)         HENRY

e)         MARGARET (-3 Jul 1438).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievall Abbey records that “Willielmus de Roos” married “Margaretam filiam domini Johannis de Arundell”, by whom he was father of “Johannem, Willielmum, Thomam, Robertum et Ricardum, Beatricem, Aliciam, Margaretam et Elizabetham”, and that he died “apud Belverum 1 Sep 1414” where he was buried[126]m (licence 9 Oct 1394) WILLIAM de Ros Lord Ros, son of THOMAS de Ros Lord Ros & his wife Beatrice de Stafford of the Earls of Stafford ([1368/69]-Belvoir 1 Sep 1414, bur Belvoir Priory). 

8.         THOMAS (1353-1414).  Bishop of Ely 1373.  Chancellor 1386-1388 and 1391-1396.  Archbishop of York 1388.  Archbishop of Canterbury 1396. 

9.         MARY

10.      ELEANOR ([1354/56]-before 1366). 

 

 

JOHN d'Arundel, son of JOHN d'Arundel & his wife Elizabeth le Despencer (Ditton Manor, Stoke Pogis, Buckinghamshire 1 Aug 1385-21 Apr 1421, bur Arundel).  He succeeded his paternal grandmother in 1405 as Lord Mautravers.  He succeeded in 1415 as Earl of Arundel, and was summoned to parliament as such 3 Sep 1416 though not thereafter, probably because of the opposition of the Mowbray family who shared the inheritance of the late Earl through his older sister Elizabeth, widow of Thomas Mowbray Duke of Norfolk[127]

m (before 1407) as her first husband, ELEANOR Berkeley, daughter of Sir JOHN Berkeley of Beverstone, Gloucestershire & his first wife Elizabeth Betteshorne of Betteshorne in Sopley, Hampshire (-Aug 1455, bur Arundel).  She married secondly ([1423]) Sir Richard Poynings, and thirdly (before 8 May 1439) Walter Hungerford Lord Hungerford

Earl John & his wife had two children: 

1.         JOHN d'Arundel (Lytchett Mautravers, Dorset 14 Feb 1408-Beauvais 12 Jun 1435, bur Beauvais, Grey Friars, transferred 15 Feb 1436 to Arundel).  His claim to the earldom of Arundel was not recognised, but he was summoned to parliament 12 Jul 1429 whereby he is held to have become Lord Arundel.  His petition for recognition as Earl of Arundel, by tenure of the castle of Arundel, was allowed in Nov 1433 but he was never afterwards summoned to parliament either as Earl or as Lord Arundel.  He was created Duc de Touraine in 1434 by John Duke of Bedford, Regent of France.  He died after the siege of Gerberoy near Beauvais[128][129]m firstly CONSTANCE Cornwall, daughter of JOHN Cornwall Lord Fanhope & his second wife Elizabeth of Lancaster (after 1401-before 1429).  m secondly (before 1429) as her second husband, MATILDA Lovell, widow of Sir RICHARD Stafford, daughter of ROBERT Lovell & his wife Elizabeth de Bryene (-19 May 1436, bur [Abbotsbury Abbey]).  Earl John & his second wife had one child: 

a)         HUMPHREY FitzAlan (30 Jan 1429-24 Apr 1438).  He succeeded his father in 1435 as Earl of Arundel, Duc de Touraine. 

2.         WILLIAM FitzAlan (23 Nov 1417-1487, bur Arundel).  He succeeded his nephew in 1438 as Earl of Arundel, and was summoned to parliament as such 3 Dec 1441.  m (after 17 Aug 1438) JOAN Neville, daughter of RICHARD Neville Earl of Salisbury & his wife Alice Ctss of Salisbury (-before 9 Sep 1462, bur Arundel).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Jane C´tess of Arundel" as daughter of "Richard Earl of Salisbury" and mother of "Thos. Earl of Arundel that now is, Sir John of Arundel Knt"[130].  Earl William & his wife had five children: 

a)         THOMAS FitzAlan (1450-Downly Park, Singleton, Sussex 25 Oct 1524, bur Arundel).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Jane C´tess of Arundel" as daughter of "Richard Earl of Salisbury" and mother of "Thos. Earl of Arundel that now is, Sir John of Arundel Knt"[131].  He was summoned to parliament in 1471 as Lord Mautravers, and in 1482 as Lord Arundel de Mautravers[132].  He succeeded his father in 1487 as Earl of Arundelm (Oct 1464) MARGARET Wydeville, daughter of RICHARD Wydeville Earl Rivers & his wife Jacqueline de Luxembourg ([1439]-before 6 Mar 1491, bur Arundel).  Earl Thomas & his wife had four children: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzAlan ([1475/76]-23 Jan 1544, bur Arundel).  He succeeded his father in 1524 as Earl of Arundelm firstly ELIZABETH Willoughby, daughter of ROBERT Willoughby Lord Willoughby de Broke.  m secondly (15 Feb 1511) ANNE Percy, daughter of HENRY Percy Earl of Northumberland & his wife Matilda Herbert of Pembroke (before 27 Jul 1485-[4 Mar/14 Dec] 1552).  Earl William & his first wife had two children: 

(a)       MARGARET . 

(b)       ELIZABETH . 

Earl William & his second wife had three children: 

(c)       HENRY FitzAlan (23 Apr 1512-Arundel House, Strand, London 24 Feb 1580, bur Arundel).  He was summoned to parliament 5 Feb 1533 as Lord Mautravers.  He succeeded his father in 1544 as Earl of Arundel.  He was imprisoned in the Tower from 8 Nov 1551 to 3 Dec 1552 through the hostility of the Duke of Northumberland, but after his release he took his revenge by arresting the Duke after betraying to Queen Mary the plot to install Lady Jane Grey as Queen.  He resigned all his offices in 1564 after failing in his plan to marry Queen Elizabeth[133]m firstly CATHERINE Grey, daughter of THOMAS Grey 2nd Marquess of Dorset & his second wife Margaret Wotton (-1 May 1542).  m secondly (licence 6 Sep 1545, 19 Dec 1545) as her second husband, MARY Arundell, widow of ROBERT Radclyffe Earl of Sussex, daughter of Sir JOHN Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall & his second wife Katherine Grenville of Stow, Devon (-Arundel House, Strand, London 20 Oct 1557, bur London, St Clement Danes).  Earl Henry & his first wife had three children: 

(1)       JANE (-1576).  m as his first wife, JOHN Lumley Baron Lumley, son of GEORGE Lumley & his wife Jane Knightley of Upton, Northants ([1533]-St Olave´s, Hart Street, Tower Hill 11 Apr 1609, bur Cheam). 

(2)       HENRY FitzAlan (1538-Brussels 30 Jun 1556, bur Brussels Cathedral).  He was styled Lord Mautravers.  He was ambassador to the king of Bohemia in 1556, where he caught a fever[134].  m (licence 12 Apr 1555) as her second husband, ANN Wentworth, widow of Sir HUGH Rich, daughter of Sir JOHN Wentworth of Gosfield, Essex (-bur 10 Jan 1581 Gosfield, Essex).  She married thirdly ([1573/80]) as his first wife, William Deane

(3)       MARY (1540-Arundel House, Strand, London 25 Aug 1557, bur London, St Clement Danes)m as his first wife, THOMAS Howard Duke of Norfolk, son of HENRY Howard Earl of Sussex & his wife Frances Vere of Oxford (10 Mar 1538-executed Tower Hill 2 Jun 1572, bur The Tower chapel). 

(d)       KATHERINE (-after 1552).  m (before 1530, repudiated before May 1533) as his first wife, HENRY Grey, THOMAS Grey 5th Marquess of Dorset & his wife Margaret Medley née Wotton (17 Jan 1517-executed Tower Hill 23 Feb 1554, bur Royal Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London).  He succeeded his father in 1530 as Marquess of Dorset.  He was created Duke of Suffolk in 1551.  He was attainted for treason for his involvement in Wyatt’s rebellion against Queen Mary I and forfeited his titles and estates. 

(e)       daughter . 

ii)         EDWARD

iii)        MARGARET (-after 1493)m JOHN de la Pole Earl of Lincoln, son of JOHN de la Pole Duke of Suffolk & his second wife Elizabeth of York ([1462]-killed in battle Stoke 16 Jun 1487). 

iv)       JOAN (-14 Nov ----).  m as his first wife, GEORGE Neville Lord Abergavenny, son of GEORGE Neville Lord Abergavenny & his first wife Margaret Fenne of Sculton Burdeleys, Norfolk ([1473/74]-1535, bur Birling). 

b)         WILLIAM

c)         GEORGE

d)         JOHN .  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Jane C´tess of Arundel" as daughter of "Richard Earl of Salisbury" and mother of "Thos. Earl of Arundel that now is, Sir John of Arundel Knt"[135]

e)         MARY

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    EARLS of CORNWALL

 

 

 

A.      EARL of CORNWALL 1141-1175

 

 

RENAUD [de Dunstanville], illegitimate son of HENRY I King of England & his mistress Sibyl Corbet ([1110/15]-Chertsey, Surrey 1 Jul [1175], bur Reading Abbey).  He is named as son of King Henry by Orderic Vitalis[136].  The Chronicle of Gervase names "fratre suo Reginaldo comite Cornubić" as one of the main supporters of Matilda[137].  The Complete Peerage deduces his mother´s identity from the charter under which "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubić" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Alizić Corbet, materterć meć" which he had granted to "Willielmo de Boterells in Cornubia, patri…predicti Willielmi" on his marriage, witnessed by "Nicholao filio meo…Herberto filio Herberti, Baldwino et Ricardo nepotibus meis, Willelmo de Vernun, Willielmo fratre meo…Hugone de Dunstanvill…"[138].  His birth date range is estimated on the basis of his marriage in [1141].  According to Domesday Descendants[139], "de Dunstanville" was a label only attributed to him by Orderic Vitalis.  He inherited large areas of land in Cornwall, by right of his wife, on his marriage and was created Earl of Cornwall in [Apr 1141] by his half-sister Empress Matilda, after successfully leading a rebellion in her favour in the West Country[140].  The title was later fully recognised by King Stephen.  Earl Renaud was a witness to the treaty between King Stephen and Henry Plantagenet in 1153[141].  Sheriff of Devon 1173-1175.  "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubić" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Alizić Corbet, materterć meć" which he had granted to "Willielmo de Boterells in Cornubia, patri…predicti Willielmi" on his marriage, by charter dated to [1163/75], witnessed by "Nicholao filio meo…Herberto filio Herberti, Baldwino et Ricardo nepotibus meis, Willelmo de Vernun, Willielmo fratre meo…Hugone de Dunstanvill…"[142].  The Chronicle of Gervase records the death "mense Decembrio 1175" of "Reginaldus comes Cornubić regi Henrici secundi avunculus" and his burial at Reading[143].  Benedict of Peterborough records the death "Paulo ante Natale Domini" of "Reginaldus comes Cornubić avunculus regis Anglić" at "Certesam" and his burial at "Rediggas"[144].  It is uncertain whether the year is accurate as the 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "comes Reginaldus…de militibus suis de Cornubia et Deuonia" in Devonshire[145]

m ([1141]) BEATRICE FitzWilliam, daughter & heiress of WILLIAM FitzRichard FitzTurold Lord of Cardinham, Cornwall & his wife ---.  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Willelmus filius Ricardi…[in] comitatus Cornubiensis" rebelled against King Stephen and married "filiam suam" to "Reinaldo filio regis Henrici", dated to [1140/42][146].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  She is called Mabilia in Domesday Descendants[147]

Mistress (1): BEATRICE de Valle, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and relationship with Earl Renaud has not yet been identified.   The Complete Peerage states that Dugdale "calls her Beatrice de Valle, says she was the mistress of Rainald Earl of Cornwall" and later the wife of William de Briwere, but does not cite a primary source on which this information is based[148].  The chronology does not appear to favour the subsequent marriage of the mistress of Earl Renaud to William de Briwere.  The marriages of the latter´s children are recorded in the first decade of the 13th century, their births being therefore estimated to [1180/1195].  Even if Earl Renaud´s mistress gave birth to the earl´s illegitimate son in the last decade of his life (when he would have been in his sixties), it is unlikely that she could have continued bearing children into the mid-1190s. 

Richard Earl of Cornwall & his wife had [seven] children:

1.         NICHOLAS of Cornwall (-1175 before 1 Jul).  "Nicholao filio meo…" witnessed the charter dated to [1163/75] by which "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubić" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Alizić Corbet, materterć meć"[149]

2.         JOHN of Cornwall (-after 1 Jul 1175).  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "Raginaldus comes Cornubić prioris Henrici regis filius naturalis" and the succession of "Johannis filii sui iunioris"[150].  He succeeded his father as Earl of Cornwall.  Presumably he died soon after succeeding as no other reference to him has so far been found.  On his death, the earldom reverted to the crown. 

3.         EMMA of Cornwall (-1208 or after, bur Abbaye de Clermont).  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][151].  "Agathe" in this document is an error for "Emma", as shown by the charter dated 1208 under which "Guido sextus dominus Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "patris mei" to the canons of "castellilo Lavallensi", witnessed by "…Emma matre mea, Hayoisia uxore mea…"[152].  "…Emme uxoris mee" consented to the donation by "Guido de Lavalle" to Sainte-Trinité de Fougčres by charter dated 1180[153].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  m GUY [V] Sire de Laval, son of GUY [IV] Sire de Laval & his wife Emma --- (-[18 Dec 1180/1185], bur Abbaye de Clermont). 

4.         DENISE of Cornwall (-after Apr 1162, bur Christ Church, Twynham).  Robert of Torigny records the wife of "Richardus de Revers dominus insula Vectć in Anglia" as "filia Rainaldi comitis Cornubić" but does not name her[154].  “Ricardus comes Devonić” donated property to Exeter St James, for the soul of “uxoris meć Dionisić…”, by charter dated 1157[155]m ([1150]) RICHARD de Reviers, son of BALDWIN de Reviers Earl of Devon & his wife Adelise --- ([1115/30]-21 or 27 Apr 1162, bur Christ Church, Twynham).  He succeeded his father in 1155 as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight.   

5.         MATILDA of Cornwall.  Robert of Torigny records the marriage of "filius eius [Gualeranni comitis Mellenti] Robertus" and "filiam Rainaldi comitis Cornubiensis" but does not name her[156].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   m ([1165]) ROBERT [II] Comte de Meulan, son of WALERAN [IV] de Beaumont[-Le-Roger] Comte de Meulan [previously Earl of Worcester] & his second wife Agnes de Montfort (-Poitiers 16 Aug 1204, bur Préaux). 

6.         SARAH of Cornwall (-1216, bur Saint-Yrieux de la Perche).  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that Henry II King of England arranged the marriage of "Ademarum" and "consanguineam suam Sarram filiam Roberti Comitis de Glocestria"[157], although it is difficult chronologically for Sarah to have been the daughter of Earl Robert.  Her paternity is clarified in a later passage of the Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis which records that Henry II King of England returned his territories to Adémar and arranged his marriage to "Sara una ex tribus filiabus Rainaldi Comitis de Cornouailla"[158].  The Chronicon Bernardi Iterii records the death in 1216 of "Sarra vicecomitissa"[159].  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records the death "anno 1216" of "Sara" and her burial "in festo S. Columbani…apud S. Aredium"[160]m (Bordeaux [1156]) ADEMAR [V] Vicomte de Limoges, son of ADEMAR [IV] Vicomte de Limoges & his wife Marguerite de Turenne (-1199 after Jul). 

7.         [URSULA .  Her parentage and marriage are included in a manuscript pedigree of Dunstanville, probably dated to [1461/1509], based on an alleged mandate of King John which asserts that in [1196/97] "Reginald late Earl of Cornwall…acknowledged that a moiety of the manor of Colern and a third part of the manor of Addersley" in Wiltshire "were the right of Walter de Dunstanville and Ursula his wife, daughter of the said earl, father and mother of Walter de Dunstanville now living"[161].  Eyton highlights that the document does not exist on any of the surviving rolls of King John and describes it as "a detestable forgery", pointing out that Renaud Earl of Cornwall died in 1175.  m [as  his first wife,] WALTER de Dunstanville, son of [ALAN de Dunstanville & his wife ---] (-[1195]).] 

Renaud Earl of Cornwall had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

8.          HENRY FitzCount (-on crusade 1222).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Henrico f comitis…in Cassewelle et Depeford" in Devonshire[162].  Constable of Totnes Castle 1209, Governor of Porchester Castle 1211.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Henricus filius comitis" holding one half of one knight´s fee in Cornwall, and one in Devonshire and 16 "de honore Braynes" in Devonshire, in [1210/12][163].  Sheriff of Cornwall, Constable of Launceston Castle and Warden of the Stannaries 1215.  He was granted the county of Cornwall by King John in 1215, but not the title of Earl.  Henry III King of England granted land in Cornwall held by "Reginaldus comes Cornubie pater suus" to "Henrico filio Comitis" dated 7 Feb 1217[164].  He resigned the county in 1220 when he left on crusade[165]

Renaud Earl of Cornwall had [one illegitimate child] by an unknown mistress:

9.          [NICHOLAS (-after 1194).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Nicholaus f comitis" in Dorset & Somerset[166].  The fact that Renaud Earl of Cornwall had a legitimate son named Nicholas suggests that "comitis" who was the father of this Nicholas may have been Earl Renaud.] 

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of CORNWALL 1227-1300

 

 

RICHARD, son of JOHN King of England & his second wife Isabelle Ctss d'Angoulęme (Winchester Castle 5 Jan 1209-Berkhamstead Castle, Herts 2 Apr 1272, bur Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire).  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the birth in 1209 of "Ricardus secundus filius regis"[167].  Matthew Paris records that "Isabel Anglorum regina" gave birth in 1208 to “Johanni regi filium legitimum...Ricardum[168].  He was designated Comte de Ponthieu before 14 Aug 1225.  Created Earl of Cornwall 30 May 1227.  In 1236, he was suggested as intermediary to negotiate an Anglo/imperial alliance proposed by Emperor Friedrich II but did not take up the post[169].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records that "Ricardus comes Cornubić frater Henrici regis Anglić" went to Jerusalem in [1239][170].  Implementing a crusading vow taken in 1236, Richard arrived at Acre in Palestine 11 Oct 1240, re-established some order in the kingdom of Jerusalem, and left in May 1241[171].  He renounced the county of Ponthieu in Dec 1243.  Richard was one of the proposed candidates to replace Heinrich Raspe as anti-king of Germany in 1247, and in 1250 may have been offered the Sicilian crown by Pope Innocent IV[172].  According to Matthew Paris, he refused the kingdom of Sicily on the Pope's terms, after which the Pope offered it to King Henry who accepted it on behalf of his son Edmund[173].  In Dec 1256, Richard was offered the German crown by the archbishops of Köln and Mainz to whom promises of payment of 8,000 marks had each been made, supported by Ludwig II Duke of Bavaria, who was betrothed to the daughter of King Henry III with a dowry of 12,000 marks, and subsequently by Otakar II King of Bohemia[174].  Richard accepted the offer before the English parliament, and sailed for Germany.  The offer was confirmed by a limited election outside Frankfurt 13 Jan 1257, entry into the city being barred by Arnold Archbishop of Trier[175].  He was crowned RICHARD King of Germany on 17 May 1257 at Aachen Cathedral with his wife[176].  Although his rival Alfonso X King of Castile had initially enjoyed the support of France and the Pope, King Henry III's peaceful settlement with Louis IX King of France in Jan 1257 provided the basis for Pope Alexander IV to modify his own position and on 30 Apr 1259 he secretly invited Richard to Rome for his imperial coronation, although Richard was unable to leave England because of the deteriorating relations with the barons[177].  He was elected Roman senator in Apr 1261, with the support particularly of cardinals John of Toledo and Ottobono Fieschi[178].  Pope Urban IV was less sympathetic to his cause, obtaining a more powerful military ally to protect his position in Italy in Charles Comte d'Anjou.  The dispute was unresolved by the Papal Bull Qui Cślum dated 27 Aug 1263 which found that both candidates for the German throne were king-elect.  However, in 1266 Pope Clement IV appears to have favoured Richard's candidacy over a possible election of Konradin.  After the latter's execution in 1268, Friedrich von Meissen emerged as a new possible candidate for the German throne and Richard renewed his efforts to increase his authority in Germany, in particular by his third marriage to a relative of Engelbert Archbishop of Köln[179].  Richard suffered an apoplectic stroke in [Oct] 1271 which paralysed his left side and affected the balance of his mind[180].  The Annales Halesiensibus record the death "1272 Berhamstede IV Non Apr" of "rex Ricardus Alemanie" and his burial "apud Heles"[181].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death "IV Non Apr apud Berhamstede" [1272] of "Ricardus Alemannia rex" and his burial "apud monasterium de Hayles" which he had founded[182].  A writ dated 5 Apr "56 Hen III", after the death of "Richard king of Almain", records "Sir Edmund his son, aged 22 on the day of St Stephen last, is his heir"[183]

m firstly (Fawley, Buckinghamshire 13 or 30 Mar 1231) as her second husband, ISABEL Marshal, widow of GILBERT de Clare Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, daughter of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabella de Clare (Pembroke Castle 9 Oct 1200-Berkhamstead Castle, Hertfordshire 15 or 17 Jan 1240, bur Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire).  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage “III Kal Apr…apud Falle juxta Merlawe” in 1231 of “Ysabel comitissa Gloucestrić” and “Ricardo comiti Cornubić, fratri Henrici regis Anglić[184].  Her (second) marriage is recorded by Matthew Paris, who names her "Ysabellam comitissam Glovernić" sister of William Marshall Earl of Pembroke, specifying that the marriage took place in April[185].  The Annales Cambrić record the marriage in 1231 of "Ricardus comes Cornubić" and "Isabellam cometissam Gloucestrić"[186].  The Annales Londonienses record the marriage in 1231 of "Ricardus frater regis" and "Isabellam comitissam Glovernić, relictam Gileberti de Clare"[187].  The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1240 of "comitissa Glovernić uxor comitis Ricardi" in childbirth[188].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “XVI Kal Feb…apud Berkhamstede” in 1239 of “Isabella comitissa Gloucestrić et Hertfordić, Cornubić et Pictavić” and her burial “apud Bellum Locum Cisterciensis ordinis[189].  Matthew Paris records that she died of jaundice contracted in childbirth[190]

m secondly (Contract 17 Jul 1242, Westminster Abbey 23 Nov 1243) SANCHA de Provence, daughter of RAYMOND BERENGER IV Comte de Provence & his wife Béatrice de Savoie (Aix-en-Provence [1225]-Berkhamstead Castle, Buckinghamshire 5 or 9 Nov 1261, bur Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire).  "Petrus de Sabaudia" acted as proxy for the marriage of "Richardo comite Cornubie" and "Sanccie filie…Raimundi Berengarii comitis provincie", recorded in a charter dated 17 Jul 1242[191].  The Annales Londonienses record the marriage "die Sanctć Cicilić" in 1243 of "Ricardus frater regis" and "Beatrix uxor comitis Provincić…filiam suam Cyntiam"[192].  The marriage is recorded and dated by Matthew Paris, who confirms the bride´s parentage[193].  She was crowned Queen of Germany with her husband 17 May 1257 at Aachen Cathedral[194].  The Annales Halesiensibus record the death "1261 V Id Nov…apud Berhamstede" of "Sanchia regina Alemannie" and her burial "apud Heiles"[195].  The Annals of Osney record the death “die Mercurii proximo ante festum beati Martini apud Berchamstede” in 1261 of “Schenchia regina Alemannić, soror Elianorć reginć Anglić” and her burial “ad domum de Hayles[196]

m thirdly (Kaiserslauten Stiftskirche 16 Jun 1269) BEATRIX [van Valkenburg], daughter of [DIRK [II] Heer van Valkenburg & his first wife Bertha van Limburg] (-17 Oct 1277, bur Oxford, church of the Franciscan Friars Minor).  The Annales Halesiensibus record the marriage in 1267 of "rex Riccardus Alemannie" and "Beatricem cuius avunculus fuit archiepiscopus Colonie"[197].  The same relationship is hinted by the charter dated 13 Sep 1271 in which "Richardus…romanorum rex" refers to "E. Coloniensi archiepiscopi" as "affinis nostri"[198].  The primary source which confirms her parentage more precisely has not yet been identified, although the reference to "Falkestan" (presumably in error for Valkenburg/Falkenburg) in the record of her death quoted below suggests that she must have been the daughter of Dietrich [II] von Valkenburg if Engelbert Archbishop of Köln was her uncle.   If this is correct, the date of her marriage suggests that she was the daughter of Dietrich [II]´s first wife, but this is not without doubt as other primary sources show marriages celebrated when the bride was aged 12 at that time.  This marriage was arranged to bolster Richard's support in Germany, through the bride's influential uncle Engelbert Archbishop of Köln[199].  The Annals of Osney record the death “in vigilia Sancti Lucć Evangelistć” in 1277 of “Beatrix de Falkestan, regina Alemannić, uxor regis Ricardi” and her burial “in ecclesia fratrum Minorum Oxonić[200]

Mistress (1): JEANNE de Valletort, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and relationship with Earl Richard has not yet been identified. 

Mistress (2): ---.  The name of Earl Richard´s second mistress is not known. 

Earl Richard & his first wife had four children:

1.         JOHN (Marlow, Buckinghamshire 31 Jan 1232-Marlow, Buckinghamshire 22/23 Sep 1232, bur Reading Abbey).  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the birth “II Kal Feb” in 1231 of “Ricardo comiti Cornubić filius…Johannes”, and in a later passage his death “apud Merlawe X Kal Oct” in 1232 and burial “apud Radinges[201].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Johannes filius Ricardi comitis Cornubić” was born and died in 1232[202]

2.         ISABELLA (Marlow, Buckinghamshire [8] Sep 1233-Marlow, Buckinghamshire 6 Oct 1234, bur Reading Abbey).  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the birth “circa Nativitatem beatć Virginis” in 1233 of “filia Ricardo comiti Cornubić…Isabel”, and in a later passage her death “circa festum Sanctć Fidis” and burial “juxta fratrem suum apud Radinges[203]

3.         HENRY (Haughley Castle, Suffolk 2, 4 or 12 Nov 1235-murdered Viterbo, Italy 13 Mar 1271, bur 21 May 1271 Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire).  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the birth “V Non Nov” in 1235 of “filius Ricardo comiti Cornubić…Henricus[204].  His parentage is recorded by Matthew Paris when he reports that he was knighted in 1257[205].  His father hoped that Henry would inherit his rights to the throne of Germany.  Henry visited Rome in 1270 on his journey back from the crusade[206].  The Continuator of William of Tyre records that he was murdered by his cousins Guy and Simon de Montfort at Viterbo[207], either in the Church of San Lorenzo or the Church of San Silvestro or the Cathedral of St Niccolo.  The Annales Londonienses record that "Henricus filius regis Alemannić" was murdered "a Simone et Guidone filiis Simonis de Monteforti apud Biterbe, in Quadragesima"[208].  The Annals of Osney record the burial “XII Kal Jun” in 1271 of “domini Henrici filii regis Ricardi Alemannić…in abbatia de Hayles[209]m (Windsor Castle 5 or 15 May 1269, repudiated 1270) as her second husband, CONSTANCE de Moncada Ctss de Bigorre Vicomtesse de Marsan, widow of Infante don ALFONSO de Aragón, daughter of GASTON [VII] de Moncada Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Mathe Ctss de Bigorre ([1245/50]-26 Apr 1310).  The marriage contract between Gastonem vicecomitem Bearnensem dominum Montis-Cathani et Castriveteris...primogenitam nostram dominam Constantiam” and “Henrico regis Alemannić primogenito” is dated 1268, and names “domina Matha coniuge nostra[210]The Annales Londonienses record the marriage in 1269 of "Ricardus rex Alemannić…Henricus eiusdem regis filius" and "filiam Gastuni de Byerne"[211].  The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records that “Romanorum regis primogenitus…Henricus” repudiated “uxore sua…filia…Gastonis de Bierna” in 1270[212].  She married thirdly ([Jun/Aug] 1279) as his second wife, Aimon Comte de Genčve

4.         NICHOLAS (b and d Berkhamstead Castle, Buckinghamshire 17 Jan 1240, bur Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

Earl Richard & his second wife had [four] children:

5.         [daughter (-after 25 Nov 1256).  "L…comes palatinus Rheni, dux Bawarie" confirmed his betrothal "cum filia fratris…regis Anglie", or in case of impossibility "cum filia sororis eiusdem", by charter dated 25 Nov 1256[213].  This betrothal was arranged to confirm Duke Ludwig's agreement to support the candidature of Richard Earl of Cornwall as king of Germany, her dowry being 12,000 marks[214].  Duke Ludwig´s support for Earl Richard is confirmed in a charter dated 26 Nov 1256[215].  It is assumed that this daughter, concerning whom no other record has yet been found, was born from her father´s second marriage, as daughters from his first marriage would probably have been considered to old for betrothal at that date.  Betrothed (Bacharach 26 Nov 1256) to LUDWIG II "der Strenge" Duke of Bavaria, son of OTTO II "dem Erlauchten" Duke of Bavaria & his wife Agnes von Braunschweig (Heidelberg 13 Apr 1229-Heidelberg 2 Feb 1294, bur Kloster Fürstenfeld).] 

6.         RICHARD (Wallingford Castle, Berkshire Jul 1246-Wallingford Castle, Berkshire 15 Aug 1246, bur Grove Mile).  His birth and death are recorded by Matthew Paris, although he does not name him or give the places or precise dates of the events[216].  The primary source which confirms his name has not yet been identified. 

7.         EDMUND (Berkhamstead Castle, Buckinghamshire 26 Dec 1249-Ashridge Abbey, Herts 24/25 Sep or 1 Oct 1300, bur Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire).  His parentage is recorded by Matthew Paris who records his birth[217].  A writ dated 5 Apr "56 Hen III", after the death of "Richard king of Almain", records "Sir Edmund his son, aged 22 on the day of St Stephen last, is his heir"[218].  He succeeded his father 1272 as 2nd Earl of Cornwall, invested 13 Oct 1272.  “Edmundus filius quondam Ricardi regis Alemannić et comitis Cornubić” donated property to Wallingford Church, Berkshire[219].  The Annals of Worcester record the death “Kal Oct” in 1300 of “Edmundus comes Cornubić[220]m (Ruislip Chapel, Middlesex 6 Oct 1272, divorced 1293/94) MARGARET de Clare, daughter of RICHARD de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hertford & his wife Matilda de Lacy ([1249/50]-either before 16 Sep 1312 or Feb 1313, bur Chertsey Abbey, Surrey).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Isabella primogenita, Margareta et Roysea” as the three daughters of “Ricardus de Clare secundus filius et hćres…Gilberti et Isabellć” and his wife “Matildem…filiam comitis Lincolnić[221].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "in crastine Sanctć Fidis" 6 Oct [1272] of "Eadmundus de Alemannia comes Cornubić" and "Margaretam sororem Gileberti comitis Glovernić"[222]

8.         [RICHARD ([1252]-killed siege of Berwick [31 Mar] 1296).  The Annals of Worcester record the death of “Ricardi fratris comitis de Cornubia” at the siege of Berwick 31 Mar 1296[223].  Weir names him as a possible legitimate son of Richard Earl of Cornwall, but comments that he may have been confused with the earl´s illegitimate son of the same name[224].] 

Earl Richard had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):   

9.          RICHARD de Cornwall (-after 1280).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   He was granted the manor of Thunnock, Lincolnshire in 1280 by Edmund Earl of Cornwall. 

-        see below

Earl Richard had one illegitimate son by Mistress (2):   

10.       WALTER de Cornwall (-1313).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified unless otherwise stated below. 

 

RICHARD de Cornwall, illegitimate son of RICHARD Earl of Cornwall & his mistress Jeanne de Valletort (-after 1280).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   He was granted the manor of Thunnock, Lincolnshire in 1280 by his half-brother Edmund Earl of Cornwall. 

m JOAN St Owen, daughter of JOHN Lord St Owen & his wife ---. 

Richard & his wife had three children: 

1.         Sir GEOFFREY de Cornwall (-before Jun 1335).  He was granted the manor of Ever, Buckinghamshire by his paternal uncle Edmund Earl of Cornwall.  m (1309 or before) as her first husband, MARGARET de Mortimer, daughter and co-heiress of HUGH de Mortimer of Richard´s Castle, Herefordshire & his wife Maud --- (14 Sep 1295-[Dec 1345]).  She married secondly William de Evereys.  Sir Geoffrey & his wife had three children: 

a)         GEOFFREY de Cornwall .  He granted the manor of Kingsnewton, Devonshire and lands in Northamptonshire to his nephew Sir Geoffrey.

b)         RICHARD de Cornwall .  Baron of Burford.  m ---.  The name of Richard´s wife is not known.  Richard & his wife had --- children: 

i)          children[225].

c)         Sir JOHN de Cornwallm ---.  According to the Complete Peerage, the wife of Sir John was "niece of the Duke of Brittany"[226], although it is not certain which duke of Brittany is referred to.  Sir John & his wife had one child: 

i)          Sir JOHN Cornwall (born at sea in St Michael's Mount Bay, Cornwall-Ampthill 10/11 Dec 1443, bur Ludgate, cemetery of the Black Friars).  He fought in the French wars, at Agincourt in 1415 and at the siege of Rouen 1418.  Created Baron of Fanhope, in Herefordshire, 17 Jul 1432, and Baron of Milbroke, in Bedfordshire, 30 Jan 1441/2.  m firstly ([1396/20 Apr 1399]) as her second husband, PHILIPPA de Arundel, widow of Sir RICHARD Sergeaux, daughter and co-heiress of EDMUND de Arundel & his wife Sibyl de Montagu (-13 Sep 1399).  m secondly (before 12 Dec 1400) as her third husband, ELIZABETH of Lancaster, former wife firstly of JOHN Hastings Earl of Pembroke, widow secondly of JOHN Holand Duke of Exeter, daughter of JOHN of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster & his first wife Blanche of Lancaster (Burford, Shropshire before 21 Feb 1363-24 Nov 1425, bur Burford Church, Shropshire).  Sir John & his second wife had [two] children:

(a)       CONSTANCE (after 1401-before 1429)[227]m as his first wife, JOHN d'Arundel, son of JOHN Earl of Arundel & his wife Eleanor Berkeley (Lytchett Mautravers, Dorset 14 Feb 1408-Beauvais 12 Jun 1435, bur Beauvais, Grey Friars, transferred 15 Feb 1436 to Arundel).  He was summoned to parliament 12 Jul 1429, whereby he is held to have become Lord Arundel.  He was recognised as Earl of Arundel in Nov 1433. 

(b)       [Sir JOHN Cornwall (1404-killed in battle Meaux 1421).  He was killed at the siege of Meaux.  [see illegitimate child below]

Sir John had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

(c)        JOHN Cornwall ([1403]-killed in battle Meaux Dec 1421).  He was killed at the siege of Meaux. 

(d)        THOMAS Cornwall .  

2.         Sir EDMUND de Cornwall of Kinletm ELIZABETH de Brampton, daughter and co-heiress of Sir BRIEN de Brampton of Brampton Brian, Herefordshire & his wife --- ([1306/07]-).  A writ after the death of "Beatrice late the wife of Peter Corbet of Caus", dated "30 Aug 21 Edw III", names "Thomas Corbet…from whom issued Peter, Alice the elder daughter and Emma the younger", that "from Emma issued one Walter" who "had issue one Brian…and from him issued Margaret his firstborn and Elizabeth the younger", that "Margaret is espoused to Robert de Harleys and…Elizabeth to Edmund de Cornubia", adding that "Elizabeth wife of the aforesaid Edmund aged 42 years" was one of the heirs[228].  Sir Edmund & his wife had three children: 

a)         Sir EDMUND de Cornwall of Kentwell, Suffolkm ISABEL, daughter of ---.  Sir Edmund & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN de Cornwall .

b)         BRIAN de Cornwallm MATILDA Strange, daughter of [JOHN Lestrange] Lord Strange of Blackmere & his wife [Ankaret Boteler of Wem, Shropshire].  Brian & his wife had [three or more] children: 

i)          Sir JOHN de Cornwall of Kinlet (-1415).  m --- Wastneys, daughter of Sir JOHN Wastneys of Tixall, Staffordshire & his wife ---.  Sir John & his wife had three children: 

(a)       ELIZABETHm ROGER Corbett of Morton Corbett, Shropshire. 

(b)       MATILDAm JOHN Wode

(c)       ELIZABETHm Sir WILLIAM Lichfield Kt. 

ii)         others[229]

c)         PETER de Cornwall (-10 Jul 1387)m --- Hanley, daughter of ROGER de Hanley & his wife ---.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

i)          EDMUND de Cornwallm ---.  Edmund & his wife had one child: 

(a)       THOMAS Cornwall

3.         JOAN de Cornwallm Sir JOHN Howard, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    DERBY

 

 

The Ferrers family received grants of estates in Derbyshire after the Norman conquest.  Robert de Ferrers was created Earl of Derby in 1138 as a reward for his services fighting the Scots at the battle of the Standard, although he and his immediate successors are referred to in contemporary charters as "comes de Ferrariis"[230].  The Earldom of Derby was forfeited by Robert Earl of Derby in 1266, and was granted to Edmund "Crouchback" Earl of Lancaster, son of King Henry III, who did not use the title[231].  Edmund's grandson, Henry of Lancaster (who succeeded his father as Earl of Lancaster in 1345), was created Earl of Derby 16 Mar 1337.  His estates in Derbyshire were inherited by his older daughter Blanche who married (as his first wife) John "of Gaunt" Duke of Lancaster, son of King Edward III.  They were merged with the crown when John's son succeeded as King Henry IV in 1399.  King Henry VII revived the Earldom in 1485 when he created Thomas Stanley, his stepfather, Earl of Derby.  The Earldom remained in the Stanley family until the present day. 

 

 

 

A.      EARLS of DERBY 1138-1266 (FERRERS)

 

 

ROBERT de Ferrers, son of HENRI Sire de Ferričres et de Chambrais & his wife Bertha --- (-1139).  “Henricus de Ferrariis” founded a church “apud castellum meum Tuttesbury”, for the souls of “…uxoris mee Berte et filiorum meorum Engenulphi W, Roberti ac filiarum mearum…[232].  He succeeded his father in 1101 in the greater part of his English possessions.  “Robertus comes de Ferrariis” donated property to Tutbury Priory by undated charter after succeeding “in hereditatem bonć memorić Henrici patris mei[233].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Ferrar" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire in respect of "Werchesworda" and in Staffordshire[234].  He was created Earl of Derby by King Stephen: Richard Prior of Hexham´s De Gestis Regis Stephani et de Bello Standardii records that King Stephen created "Robertum de Ferrers" as "in Derbiensi-scyra [comes]" after the battle of the Standard in Aug 1138[235]

m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  “Robertus junior comes de Notingham” donated property to Tutbury Priory by charter dated 1141 which names “Hauwisić matris meć[236].  The Complete Peerage identifies her as Hawise de Vitré, daughter of André [I] Seigneur de Vitré & his wife Agnčs de Mortain, but cites no supporting evidence[237]Europäische Stammtafeln[238] identifies her as Hawise de Laval, daughter of Guy [II] Sire de Laval & his second wife Cecilia ---, although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  According to Domesday Descendants[239], "there is no convincing evidence as to her identity". 

Earl Robert & his wife had two children: 

1.         ROBERT (-before 1160, bur Merevale Abbey).  “Robertus comes junior de Ferariis” confirmed donations to Tutbury by “avus meus Henricus…Egenulfus patruus meus…Robertus pater meus”, naming “Nigellus de Albiniaco et Amicia filia avi mei[240].  He succeeded his father in 1139 as Earl [of Derby].  [Earl of Nottingham]: “Robertus junior comes de Notingham” donated property to Tutbury Priory by charter dated 1141 which names “Hauwisić matris meć[241].  He founded the abbey of Merevale, Warwickshire, where he was buried[242]m (before 1139) MARGARET, daughter of [WILLIAM Peveril of Nottingham & his first wife Oddona ---] ([1123/26]-)].  “Robertus comes de Ferrariis” granted property “in Stebbingis…per Margaretam comitissam uxorem meam” to Morice FitzGeoffrey by charter dated “VI Kal Oct IV anno imperii Regis Stephani” (1139)[243].  Her parentage is suggested by the charter of John King of England which names “Willelmo de Ferrariis comiti” as heir to territories of “Willelmi Peverell[244].  If this parentage is correct, Margaret is unlikely to have been born outside the narrow date range estimated above, which would also indicate that her marriage took place only shortly before the date of this charter.  Earl Robert & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM (-killed in battle Acre 1190 before 21 Oct).  “Willielmus comes de Ferrariis” donated property to Tutbury Priory, for the soul of “uxoris meć Sibillć et liberorum meorum”, by charter which names “antecessores mei…Henricus de Ferrariis et Engenulphus et Robertus avus meus et Robertus comes pater meus[245].  He succeeded his father [before 1160) as Earl [of Derby].  “Robertus [mistake for Willielmus] comes de Ferrariis” donated property to Dore Abbey, for the souls of “Sibilla de Braosa, uxoris meć matris W. filii mei et sua, et…Bertć (fuit filia Milonis comitis Herefordić) matris uxoris meć”, by undated charter[246].  He participated in the Third Crusade and died during the siege of Acre[247].  The Annals of Margan record the death in 1190 of “Willelmus comes Ferrariis[248].  Matthew Paris records the death at Acre in 1191 of "comes de Ferariis"[249]m SIBYL, daughter of --- (-after 5 Feb 1228).  “Willielmus comes de Ferrariis” donated property to Tutbury Priory, for the soul of “uxoris meć Sibillć et liberorum meorum”, by charter which names “antecessores mei…Henricus de Ferrariis et Engenulphus et Robertus avus meus et Robertus comes pater meus[250].  “Robertus [mistake for Willielmus] comes de Ferrariis” donated property to Dore Abbey, for the souls of “Sibilla de Braosa, uxoris meć matris W. filii mei et sua, et…Bertć (fuit filia Milonis comitis Herefordić) matris uxoris meć”, by undated charter[251].  If this is correct, she was Sibyl de Briouse, daughter of William de Briouse Lord of Bramber & his wife Bertha of Hereford.  However, the Complete Peerage states that this charter is considered to be a fabrication, and that there is no other proof of the parentage of William´s wife[252].  Sibyl married secondly as his second wife, Adam de Port.  Earl William & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          WILLIAM (-22 Sep 1247).  “Willielmus comes de Ferrariis, filius Willielmi comitis de Ferrariis” donated property to Tutbury Priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris meć”, by undated charter[253].  He succeeded his father in 1190 as Earl of Derby

-         see below

ii)         [MILLICENT .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey records that “Milesaunt filia --- comitis Derbeyć” was the first wife of “domini Rogeri[254].  This has not been corroborated from other primary sources, but, if it is correct, her father must have been William 3rd Earl.  m as his first wife, ROGER de Mortimer, son of HUGH de Mortimer & his wife Matilda Meschin of Skipton-in-Craven [Chester] (-before 19 Aug 1214, bur Wigmore).] 

iii)        PETRONILLA de Ferrers (-after her husband, bur Stone).  "---" [name omitted] made a fine "de voluntate et assensu Milisente q fuit ux Hervei Bagot", the order specifying that "ipsa Milisenta" donated "in vita sua tercia parte toci terre sue…cum Petronilla sorore com de Ferrar" whom "Herveus de Stafford" married, dated 1214[255]m (1214 or before) HERVEY Bagot of Stafford, son of HERVEY Bagot & his wife Millicent de Stafford (-[Nov 1236/12 May 1237], bur Stone). 

iv)       [ROBERT de Ferrers (-4 Dec 1225).  A writ ordered pardon of a fine that "Robert de Ferrers had made…with the king´s father" for marrying "Joan daughter of William of Buckland", dated 9 May 1221[256].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Robertus de Ferrariis” died in 1225[257].  His precise relationship with the family of the Earls of Derby has not yet been ascertained.  However, from a chronological point of view it is possible that he was the son of Earl William.  m as her first husband, JOANNA de Bocland, daughter of WILLIAM de Bocland & his wife Matilda de Say (-16 Nov 1251).  "Robertus de Ferrariis" paid a fine for marrying "Johanna filia Willelmi de Boclaund cum terris…que fuerunt eiusdem Willelmi", with saving for "matri ipsius Johanne q fuit ux predicti Willelmi…dote et maritagio suo", dated [Apr] 1216[258].  Bracton lists a claim by "Willelmus de Aurenches et Matillis uxor eius, Johannes de Bouilla et Hauissia uxor eius" against "Robertum de Ferrariis et Johannam uxorem eius", dated 1218, for "hereditate Willelmi de Boclonde patris earum", noting that "Matillis et Cecilia [error for Hawisia] sunt sorores sororis [error for uxoris] sue [=predicti Willelmi]"[259].  A writ ordered pardon of a fine that "Robert de Ferrers had made…with the king´s father" for marrying "Joan daughter of William of Buckland", dated 9 May 1221[260].  She married secondly Geoffrey d´Avranches.  Her second marriage is shown in The Complete Peerage[261].  The primary source which confirms this information has not yet been identified.] 

b)         MATILDA de Ferrers .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m BERTRAM de Verdun, son of NORMAN de Verdun & his wife Lesceline de Clinton (-[1191]). 

c)         [ISOLDE de Ferrers (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Bernewelle…de feodo comitis” held by “Ysowda, que fuit uxor Stephani de Bello-Campo, et filia comitis de Ferrariis”, adding that she has “i filium et v filias[262].  It is assumed that Isolde was the daughter of Robert Earl of Derby (died before 1160) but it is not impossible that she was the daughter of Robert´s father.  m as his second wife, STEPHEN de Beauchamp, son of RICHARD de Beauchamp & his wife --- (-before 1185).] 

2.         ISABEL de Ferrers .  Her parentage and marriage are recorded in Domesday Descendants, which does not cite the corresponding source reference[263]m ROBERT [I] de Cauz, son of --- (-after 1130). 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

WILLIAM de Ferrers, son of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his wife Sibyl de Briouse (-22 Sep 1247).  “Willielmus comes de Ferrariis, filius Willielmi comitis de Ferrariis” donated property to Tutbury Priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris meć”, by undated charter[264].  He succeeded his father in 1190 as Earl of Derby.  “Willielmus de Ferrariis comes Derbić” confirmed donations to Derley Priory, for the soul of “uxoris meć Agnetis”, by undated charter[265].  The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1246 of "Willelmus comes de Ferreres"[266].  The Annals of Burton record the death “X Kal Oct” in 1247 of “Willelmus de Ferrariis…comes Derbeić[267]

m (1192) AGNES [Alice] of Chester, daughter of HUGH Earl of Chester & his wife Bertrade de Montfort (-2 Nov 1247).  The Annales Londonienses record that "Ranulphus comes Cestrić" had four sisters, of whom "tertia…Agnes" married "comiti de Ferrariis, id est Derby, Willelmo seniori"[268].  “Willielmus comes de Ferrariis, filius Willielmi comitis de Ferrariis” donated property to Tutbury Priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris meć”, by undated charter[269].  Lady of Chartley, Staffordshire, and Bugbrooke, Northamptonshire, following her brother's death in 1232[270].  “Willielmus de Ferrariis comes Derbić” confirmed donations to Derley Priory, for the soul of “uxoris meć Agnetis”, by undated charter[271].  The Annals of Burton record the death “X Kal Oct” in 1247 of “Willelmus de Ferrariis…comes Derbeić” and “IV Non Nov” of “Agnes comitissa uxor eius[272]

Earl William & his wife had four children: 

1.         WILLIAM (-Evington, near Leicester 28 Mar 1254, bur Merevale Abbey).  The Annales Londonienses name "Willelmum juniorem qui fuit comes de Ferrariis" as the son of "Willelmo seniore" & his wife[273].  He succeeded his father in 1247 as Earl of Derby.  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1254 of “comes de Ferrers[274].  The Annals of Burton record the death “V Kal Apr apud Eventonam” in 1254 of “Willelmus comes de Ferrariis comes Derbeić” and his burial “in capitulo de Mirevalle II Kal Apr[275]m firstly (before 14 May 1219) SIBYL Marshal, daughter of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabel Ctss of Pembroke (-before 1238).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla" married "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbić"[276]m secondly (1238) MARGARET de Quincy, daughter of ROGER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his first wife Helen of Galloway (-before 12 Mar 1281).  The Annales Londonienses name "Margarete countesse de Ferreres et Eleyne la Zusche et la countesse de Bougham" as the three daughters of "Eleyn countesse de Wynton"[277].  A charter dated 3 Dec 1274 records the homage of "Margaret de Ferariis countess of Derby, eldest daughter and one of the heirs of Roger de Quency eael of Wynton" for her part of the lands "lately held in dower by Alianora de Vaux late countess of Wynton widow of the said Roger"[278].  Inquisitions after a writ "9 Edw I" following the death 15 Apr of "Margaret de Ferrariis countess of Derbeye" name her son “William de Ferrariis...[279].  Earl William & his first wife had seven children: 

a)         AGNES (-11 May 1295, bur Scarborough, Greyfriars).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbić" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that Agnes married "Willielmo de Vescy"[280].  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “prima, Agnes de Vescy, mater domini Johannis et Domini Willelmi de Vescy…[281].  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory records that “Willielmum de Vescy secundum” married “Agnete filia comitis de Ferrariis[282].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[283].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[284].  A manuscript of Malton Priory records the death “1295 V Id Mai” of “domina Agnes de Vescy, mater eiusdem” (referring to “Johannes de Vesey”)[285]m (before 1244) as his second wife, WILLIAM de Vescy of Alnwick and Malton, son of EUSTACE de Vescy & his wife Margaret of Scotland (-Gascony before 7 Oct 1253, bur Watton Priory, Yorkshire). 

b)         ISABEL (-before 26 Nov 1260).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbić" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that Isabel married "Reginaldo de Monteminori", by whom she was mother of "Willihelmus de Monte" who died childless, "filiam…Alianore" who married "Johanni filio Nicholai de Carrew", "Margareta soror eius" who died childless, and "Maria soror eius" who married "Johanni Meriot" but died childless[286].  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “secunda, Isabella Basset…[287].  A charter dated 18 Jun 1240 records that "the town of Greywell" was given "as a marriage portion to Gilbert Basset with Isabel daughter of William de Ferrariis, the earl´s [G. Marshal Earl of Pembroke] niece"[288].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[289].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[290].  A manuscript records the death “III Kal Feb” 1257 of “dominus Reginaldus de Mohun fundator” and in 1260 of “Isabella Basset uxor Reginaldi prćdicti[291].  A writ dated 26 Nov "45 Hen III", after the death of "Isabel Basset" names "William son of Reginald de Moun and the said Isabel, age variously stated as 6 and 7, is her heir"[292]m firstly (before 18 Jun 1240) GILBERT Basset [II] of Wycombe, son of ALAN Basset & his first wife Alice de Grey (-31 Jul 1241).  m secondly (1243 or before) as his second wife, REYNOLD de Mohun of Dunster, son of REYNOLD de Mohun & his wife Alice Briwere (-Tor Mohun, Devon 20 Jan 1258, bur Newenham). 

c)         MATILDA (-11 Mar 1299).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbić" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that the third daughter "Matilda de Kyme" married "Almarico de Rupe Edwardi" by whom she was mother of "Johanna de Vynon, Cecilia de Bellocampo, Sibilla nupta Almarico de Archiaks in Piganra"[293], although these named children were born from her second marriage which is not mentioned in this source.  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “septima, Matildis de Kyme, domina de Carbry…[294].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Symon de Kyma”, son of “Philippus de Kyma [et] Agnetem Waleys”, married "Matildam de Ferrars"[295].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[296].  Her first marriage is confirmed, and her second marriage, suggested by the 30 Jul 1248 grant by Henry III King of England to "William de Fortibus, son of Hugh de Vivona" of the marriage of "Matilda late the wife of Simon de Kyma"[297].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[298]"Messire Simon de Rochechouart, doyen de Saint-Antregil du château de Bourges" notified the marriage contract of "Aimery vicomte de Rochechouart son neveu" and "noble dame Matilde veuve de noble homme messire Guillaume le Fort" and the agreement for "des deux fils du dit vicomte" to marry "les deux filles de ladite dame veuve", with "Aimery fils aîné" marrying "la fille aînée...[avec] son manoir de Carlion" and "Guy autre fils du dit vicomte" marrying "la seconde fille [avec] la terre de Mortemar", by charter dated "du lundi aprčs la Saint-Georges 1264", which also records that "les dits deux fils du vicomte" would inherit two thirds of their father´s inheritance, the remaining one third to be divided between "ses autres filles et fils"[299]m firstly SIMON de Kyme of Kyme, son of PHILIP de Kyme & his wife Agnes FitzAlan (-10 Jul 1248).  m secondly ([30 Jul 1248/26 May 1250]) GUILLAUME de Vivonne "de Fortibus", son of HUGUES de Vivonne & his wife Mabel Malet (-22 May 1259).  m thirdly (contract 28 Apr 1264) as his second wife, AIMERY [IX] Vicomte de Rochechouart, son of AIMERY [VIII] Vicomte de Rochechouart & his wife Marguerite de Limoges (-[Apr 1284/Dec 1288], bur Terzay). 

d)         SIBYL .  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbić" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that "Sibilla de Bohun quarta filia" was mother of "Johanne, Johannes"[300].  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “quarta, Sibilla de Bohun, uxor domini Francisci de Bohun, domini de Midhurst…[301].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[302].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[303]m as his first wife, Sir FRANCIS de Bohun of Midhurst, Sussex (-14 Sep 1273). 

e)         ELEANOR (-before 25 Oct 1274, bur Leeds Priory).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbić" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that "Alianora sexta filia" was "comitissa de Wintonia" and died childless[304].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[305].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[306].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the Annals of Ireland which record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “quinta, Elianora de Varis, quć fuit uxor comitis Wintonie…[307].  Matthew Paris records her (second) husband's remarriage soon after the death of his second wife, but does not name his third wife[308].  King Edward I ordered the the escheator of Ireland to take all the lands of the deceased "Alianora widow of Roger de Quency earl of Winchester" into the hands of the king by charter dated 25 Oct 1274[309]m firstly WILLIAM de Vaux of Tharston and Wisset, son of --- (-before 14 Sep 1252).  The executors of the will of "William de Vallibus formerly husband of Alienor de Ferrers, one of the heirs of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke" requested restoration of his part of the inheritance by charter dated 9 May 1251[310]m secondly (before 5 Dec 1252) as his third wife, ROGER de Quincy Earl of Winchester, son of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester (-25 Apr 1264, bur [Brackley]).  m thirdly (before 8 Sep 1267) as his second wife, ROGER de Leyburn of Elham, son of ROGER de Leyburn & his wife Eleanor de Thurnham (-[Oct] 1271). 

f)          JOAN (-[Oct 1267]).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbić" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that "Johanna quinta filia" married "Johanni de Mohun", by whom she was mother of "Johannes de Mohun, de quo Johannes, de eo Johannes"[311].  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “tertia, Johanna Mohun, uxor domini Johannis de Mohun, filii domini Reginaldi…[312].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[313].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[314]m firstly JOHN de Mohun of Dunster, son of REYNOLD de Mohun & his first wife Hawise --- (-Gascony [29 Jul 1253/1254]).  m secondly (Aug 1256 or before) as his first wife, Sir ROBERT Aguillon of Watton and Perching (-15 Feb 1286). 

g)         AGATHA (-21 May 1306).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbić" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that "Agatha septima filia" married "Hugoni de Mortuomari domino de Chelmershe, qui fuit filius Rodulphi de Mortuo-mari domini de Wigmor"[315].  The Annals of Ireland record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “sexta, Agatha de Mortimer, uxor domini Hugonis de Mortimer…[316].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[317].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[318]m (after 26 May 1250) HUGH Mortimer of Chelmarsh, son of RALPH Mortimer & his wife Gwladdus "Ddu/Dark-eyed" of Wales (-before Jun 1275). 

Earl William & his second wife had four children:

h)         ROBERT ([1239]-1279 before 29 Apr, bur [Stafford, Priory of St Thomas]).  The Annales Londonienses name "Robertum heredem suum generalem" as son of "Willelmum juniorem qui fuit comes de Ferrariis"[319].  He succeeded his father in 1254 as Earl of Derby.  He rebelled against King Henry III in 1263, defeating the royal forces at Chester in Nov 1264.  He was sent to the Tower but pardoned 5 Dec 1265 only to rebel again within a few months.  He was captured at Chesterfield 15 May 1266 and kept in Windsor Castle for nearly three years, his lands and honours being forfeited[320]m firstly (contract 26 Jul 1249, Westminster 1249) MARIE de Lusignan, daughter of HUGUES [XII] "le Brun" Comte de la Marche et d'Angoulęme, Sire de Lusignan & his wife Yolande de Bretagne ([1242]-after 11 Jul 1266).  The Annals of Burton record the marriage “apud Westmonasterium” in 1249 of “Robertus de Ferrariis puer ix annorum, filius Willelmi de Ferrariis comitis Derbeić” and “Mariam vii annorum puellulam, neptem Regis Henrici, filiam fratris sui comitis Engolismi et Marchić[321]m secondly (26 Jun 1269) ELEANOR de Bohun, daughter of Sir HUMPHREY de Bohun & his first wife Eleanor de Briouse (-20 Feb 1314, bur Walden Abbey).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1313 X Kal Mar” of “Elianora comitissa Derbi” and her burial at Walden[322].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Earl Robert & his second wife had two children: 

i)          ELEANOR Ferrers (-before May 1308, bur Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the marriage in 1289 of “Robertus filius Walteri” and “Alienoram filiam comitis de Ferrariis, sororem comitis de Ferrers” in the King´s Chapel, Westminster[323]m (King´s Chapel, Westminster 1289) as his second wife, Sir ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter, Essex, son of WALTER FitzRobert & his wife Ida de Longespee of the Earls of Salisbury (Henham 1247-18 Jan 1326). 

ii)         Sir JOHN Ferrers of Chartley, Staffordshire (Cardiff 20 Jun 1271-Gascony [Aug] 1312).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Ferrers.    

-         see below

i)          Sir WILLIAM Ferrers of Groby, Leicestershire ([1240]-before 20 Dec 1287).  His parentage is confirmed by John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) which records the marriage in 1270 of "Willelmus Ferreris, filius comitissć de Ferreris quć fuit filia Rogeri de Quinci constabularii Scotić" and "relictam Colbani nuper defuncti" and adding that he received "dignitatem constabularić" at the same time[324].  Inquisitions after a writ "9 Edw I" following the death 15 Apr of "Margaret de Ferrariis countess of Derbeye" name her son “William de Ferrariis...[325]m firstly (1270) as her second husband, ANNE, widow of COLBAN Earl of Fife, daughter of ---.  John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the marriage in 1270 of "Willelmus Ferreris, filius comitissć de Ferreris quć fuit filia Rogeri de Quinci constabularii Scotić" and "relictam Colbani nuper defuncti et dignitatem constabularić"[326]m secondly as her first husband, ELEANOR de Lovaine, daughter of MATTHEW de Lovaine & his wife Muriel --- (-after 3 May 1326, bur Dunmow Priory).  She married secondly (before 28 Jan 1289) as his [second] wife, Sir William Douglas of Douglas "le Hardi".  Edward I King of England wrote to the Guardians of Scotland 27 Mar 1289 regarding "Alianora quć fuit uxor Willelmi de Ferariis" who was abducted by "Willelmus ´de´ Duglas" after the death of her husband from "manerio…Elenć la Zusche, de Travernant"[327].  She married thirdly (before 6 Oct 1305) Sir William Bagot

-        LORDS FERRERS of Groby

j)          JOAN (-19 Mar 1310, bur Bristol St Augustine´s).  Lady of Coston and Eynesbury.  m (1267) THOMAS de Berkeley of Berkeley, son of MAURICE de Berkeley & his wife Isabel [FitzRoy] (Berkeley 1245-Berkeley 23 Jul 1321).  He was summoned to parliament in 1295, whereby he is held to have become Lord Berkeley. 

k)         ELIZABETH (-1297).  The Annals of Dunstable state that “David germanus Leulini principis Wallić” married “filia comitis de Ferares” when recording that she was captured in 1283 with her husband and son[328]m firstly WILLIAM Marshall, son of JOHN Marshall & his wife Aline de Rye (-1265).  m secondly DAFYDD ap Gruffydd, son of GRUFFYDD ap Llywelyn of Wales & his wife Senena --- ([1235]-beheaded Shrewsbury 29 Sep 1283).  He succeeded his brother in 1282 as DAFYDD III Prince of Wales

2.         Sir THOMAS Ferrers of Chartley (-after 1266). 

3.         Sir HUGH Ferrers of Bugbrooke (-[1257]).  “Hugo de Ferrariis, filius Willielmi de Ferrariis comitis Derbić” confirmed donations to Derley Priory by “Robertus de Ferrariis et Willielmus de Ferrrariis pater meus, comites Derbić…et Willielmus avus meus”, by undated charter[329]m --- de Mohaut, daughter of ROGER de Mohaut, steward of Chester & his wife ---.  Sir Hugh & his wife had one child: 

a)         CECILY (-1290).  m firstly Sir JOHN de Oddingsale (-1257).  m secondly as his first wife, GODFREY de Beaumont of Drayton and Scarning, Norfolk. 

4.         AGNESm Sir JOHN Vespont Lord of Westmoreland (-1241). 

 

 

Sir JOHN Ferrers of Chartley, Staffordshire, son of ROBERT de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his second wife Alianore de Bohun (Cardiff 20 Jun 1271-Gascony [Aug] 1312).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Ferrers. 

m (licence 1300[330]) as her second husband, HAWISE de Muscegros, widow of WILLIAM de Mortimer of Bridgewater, daughter and heiress of Sir ROBERT de Muscegros of Stowell, Somerset & his wife Agnes --- (21 Dec 1276-[1340/50]).  She married thirdly Sir John de Bures

Sir John & his wife had four children: 

1.         JOHN de Ferrers (-before 23 Jul 1324). 

2.         Sir ROBERT de Ferrers (25 Mar 1309-28 Aug 1350).  m firstly ([21 Nov 1324/20 Oct 1330]) MARGARET, daughter of --- (-after Aug 1331).  m secondly [as her second husband,] JOAN de la Mote of Willisham, Suffolk, [widow of EDMUND de la Mote,] daughter of --- (-London 29 Jun 1375).  Sir Robert & his first wife had one child:

a)         Sir JOHN Ferrers (Southoe [10 Aug] 1331-killed in battle Najera 3 Apr 1367)

-        see below

Sir Robert & his second wife had one child: 

b)         Sir ROBERT Ferrers of Willisham (before 1350-[1380/81]).  He was summoned to Parliament in [1375/79] whereby he is held to have become Lord Le Botiller[331]m ([1369/72]) as her first husband, ELIZABETH le Botiller, daughter and heiress of Sir WILLIAM le Boteler of Wem and Oversley & his wife --- ([1344/45]-1411).  She married secondly Sir John Say, and thirdly (1298) Sir Thomas Molinton.  Sir Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          Sir ROBERT Ferrers of Willisham ([1373]-before 29 Nov 1396)m (before 30 Sep 1394) as her first husband, JOAN Beaufort, daughter of JOHN "of Gaunt" Duke of Lancaster & his third wife Katharine Swynford née de Roët ([1379]-Howden, Yorkshire 13 Nov 1440, bur Lincoln Cathedral).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Joan, wife firstly of Ferrers Baron of Ousley, and secondly of Ralph Earl of Westmoreland" as daughter of "John Duke of Lancaster" and mother (by her first husband) of "Baroness of Greystoke" and (by her second husband of "Cecily Duchess of York"[332].  She married secondly (before 29 Nov 1396) as his second wife, Ralph Neville Lord Neville, who was created Earl of Westmoreland in 1397.  Sir Robert & his wife had two children: 

(a)       ELIZABETH ([1393]-1434, bur York Church of the Black Friars).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Joan, wife firstly of Ferrers Baron of Ousley, and secondly of Ralph Earl of Westmoreland" as daughter of "John Duke of Lancaster" and mother (by her first husband) of "Baroness of Greystoke" (together with two generations of her descendants) and (by her second husband of "Cecily Duchess of York"[333].  Lady of Wem.  m (contract 28 Oct 1407) JOHN de Greystoke, son of RALPH de Greystoke Lord Greystoke & his wife Katherine de Clifford ([1388/89]-8 Aug 1436).  He succeeded his father in 1418 as Lord Greystoke. 

(b)       MARY ([1394]-1458).  Lady of Oversley.  m Sir RALPH Neville, son of RALPH Neville Lord Neville [later Earl of Westmoreland] & his first wife Margaret Stafford (-1458). 

3.         PERONELLEm RICHARD Monemuthe of Rowley Regis (-killed in battle 1330). 

4.         ELEANORm ([1329]) Sir THOMAS de Lathum ([1300/01]-1370). 

 

 

Sir JOHN Ferrers, son of Sir ROBERT Ferrers & his first wife Margaret --- (Southoe [10 Aug] 1331-killed in battle Najera 3 Apr 1367)

m (1349) as her second husband, ELIZABETH de Stafford, widow of FULK Lestraunge, daughter of RALPH de Stafford Earl of Stafford & his second wife Margaret de Audley (-1375).  She married thirdly as his first wife, Sir Reynold de Cobham

Sir John & his wife had one child: 

1.         Sir ROBERT Ferrers (Staffordshire 31 Oct 1357 or 1359-12/13 Mar 1413, bur Merevale Abbey)m firstly ([16 Sep 1376/Jan 1378]) ELIZABETH, daughter of ---.  m secondly MARGARET le Despencer, daughter of Sir EDWARD le Despencer Lord Le Despencer & his wife Elizabeth de Burghersh (-3 Nov 1415, bur Merivale Abbey).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Cecilia…Elizabeth…Annam…et Margaretam” as the four daughters of “Edwardus…secundus, filius…Edwardi” and his wife, born after their two older brothers, adding that Margaret married “domino Roberto de Ferrers” and died “III Non Nov 1415” and was buried “apud Merivale[334].  Sir Robert & his second wife had five children: 

a)         Sir EDMUND Ferrers ([1386]-17 Dec 1435).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “domini Thomć, Edmundi et Edwardi de Ferrers” as the children of “domino Roberto de Ferrers” and his wife Margaret[335]m as her first husband, ELLEN Roche, daughter and co-heiress of THOMAS Roche of Castle Bromwich, Warwickshire & his wife Elizabeth Birmingeham (-4 Nov 1440).  She married secondly (before 3 May 1438) as his first wife, Sir Philip Chetewynd of Ingestre, Staffordshire.  Sir Edmund & his wife had six children: 

i)          Sir WILLIAM ([1412]-9 Jun 1450).  m ELIZABETH Bealknap, daughter of HAMON Bealknap of St Mary Cray, Kent & his wife Joan Boteler of Sudeley, Gloucestershire (-28 May 1471).  Sir William & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ANNE (1438-9 Jan 1469).  m (before 26 Nov 1446) as his first wife, WALTER Devereux of Weobley and Bodenham, Herefordshire, son of Sir WALTER Devereux & his wife Elizabeth Merbury ([1432]-killed in battle Bosworth 22 Aug 1485).  He was knighted in 1461 and created Lord Ferrers in 1461. 

ii)         EDMUNDm ---.  The name of Edmund´s wife is not known.  Edmund & his wife had three children: 

(a)       MARTIN of Taynton (-1484). 

(b)       HENRY of Taynton ([1430]-1486). 

(c)       RICHARD of Taynton ([1446]-1494).  m ELIZABETH, daughter of ---.  Richard & his wife had one child: 

(1)       ELIZABETH ([1494]-). 

iii)        HENRY

iv)       RICHARD

v)        EDWARD

vi)       JOANm (1431) as his first wife, JOHN de Clinton Lord Clinton, son of WILLIAM de Clinton Lord Clinton & his second wife Alice or Anne FitzWarin née Botreaux (1410-24 Sep 1464). 

b)         THOMAS .  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “domini Thomć, Edmundi et Edwardi de Ferrers” as the children of “domino Roberto de Ferrers” and his wife Margaret[336]

c)         EDWARD (-1415).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “domini Thomć, Edmundi et Edwardi de Ferrers” as the children of “domino Roberto de Ferrers” and his wife Margaret[337]

d)         PHILIPPAm Sir THOMAS Grene of Grene Norton (1400-1462). 

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of DERBY (STANLEY)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

1.         ROBERT de Stanley (-after 1129).  Sheriff of Staffordshire [1123] to [1128].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Stanlega" owing a balance of money for "having the county for up to 5 years" ("per comitatu habend usque ad v ann") [presumably indicating the shrievalty] in Staffordshire[338]

 

 

Brother and sister: 

1.         ADAM de Stanleym ---.  The name of Adam´s wife is not known.  Adam & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Stanley .  Adam, son of Liulf de Audley, granted Stanley, Staffordshire to William de Stanley, son of Adam de Stanley the grantor´s avunculus, in exchange for Talk o´ the Hill, undated but during the reign of King Stephen[339]

2.         daughter .  Adam, son of Liulf de Audley, granted Stanley, Staffordshire to William de Stanley, son of Adam de Stanley the grantor´s avunculus, in exchange for Talk o´ the Hill, undated but during the reign of King Stephen[340].  If avunculus is interpreted strictly in this source, Adam de Audley´s mother was the sister of Adam de Stanley.  m LIULF de Audley, son of ---.  One child: 

 

 

Brothers, presumably descendants of William de Stanley (above) although the family relationship has not yet been confirmed. 

1.         WALTER de Stanley (-before [May] 1285).  He was heir to the land in Stanley[341].

a)         WILLIAM de Stanley .  He was heir to his uncle John de Stanley[342]m (Astbury, Cheshire 27 Sep 1282) JOAN, daughter and co-heiress of PHILIP de Baumville & his wife Agnes de Stourton (-after 1326).  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN de Stanley (-after 1314)

-         see below

2.         JOHN de Stanley (-before 1292).  Rector of Astbury. 

 

 

JOHN de Stanley, son of WILLIAM de Stanley & his wife Joan de Baumville (-after 1314)

m [343][MABEL, daughter of Sir JAMES Hawkset of Stourton Parva & his wife ---]. 

John & his wife had two children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Stanley (-after 1362).  m [344][ALICE, daughter of HAMON [Hugh] de Mascy of Timperley, Cheshire & his wife ---]. 

a)         WILLIAM de Stanley (-1398).  m ---.  The name of William´s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM de Stanley ([1368]-).  His lands were forfeited for his participation in the rebellion of Henry Percy "Hotspur" in 1403[345].  Ancestor of the STANLEY family of Wirral[346]

b)         ALICE de Stanleym (1340) RANDLE le Roter of Kingsley, Staffordshire. 

c)         JOHN de Stanley (-before 28 Jan 1414).  He was deputy in Ireland for Robert de Vere Marquess of Dublin 1386-1388, and was Lieutenant of Ireland 1399 to 1401[347]m (1385 or before, dispensation 24 Dec 1398[348]) ISABEL, daughter of THOMAS de Lathom of Lathom and Knowsley, Lancashire & his first wife ---.  John & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN de Stanley (-27 Nov 1437).  m ISABEL, daughter of Sir JOHN de Haryngton of Hornby Castle, Lancashire & his wife ---.  John & his wife had one child: 

(a)       THOMAS Stanley of Lathom and Knowsley, Lancashire (1405 or before-11 Feb 1459).  He was summoned to parliament 15 Jan 1456, whereby he is held to have become Lord Stanley. 

-         see below

ii)         Sir THOMAS Stanley of Elford, Staffordshire .  Ancestor of the STANLEY family of Elford Pipe, Staffordshire[349]

2.         JOHN Stanley of Greswithin, Cumberland (-after 1347).  Ancestor of the STANLEY family of Ponsonby Hall, Cumberland[350]

 

 

THOMAS Stanley of Lathom and Knowsley, Lancashire, son of JOHN de Stanley & his wife Isabel de Haryngton (1405 or before-11 Feb 1459).  He was summoned to parliament 15 Jan 1456, whereby he is held to have become Lord Stanley. 

m JOAN, daughter and co-heiress of Sir ROBERT Goushill of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire & his wife Elizabeth FitzAlan of Arundel (-after 1459). 

Thomas & his wife had two children: 

1.         THOMAS Stanley ([1435]-Lathom 29 Jul 1504, bur Burscough Priory, Lancashire).  He succeeded his father in 1459 as Lord Stanley and Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man.  Steward of the household of Kings Edward IV and Richard III 1471-1485.  Constable of England for life 16 Dec 1483.  He betrayed King Richard III at the battle of Bosworth Field, and was said to have placed the crown on the head of Henry Tudor[351].  He was created Earl of Derby 27 Oct 1485 by his stepson King Henry VII.  A manuscript calendar records the death “IV Kal Aug” in 1504 of “Tho´s lord Stanley and erle of Derby[352]m firstly (after 10 May 1457) ELEANOR Neville, daughter of RICHARD Neville Earl of Salisbury & his wife Alice Montagu Ctss of Salisbury (-before Oct 1473, bur London, St James Garlickhithe).  m secondly (before Oct 1473) as her third husband, MARGARET Beaufort, widow firstly of EDMUND Tudor and secondly of Sir HENRY Stafford, daughter of JOHN Beaufort Duke of Somerset & his wife Margaret de Beauchamp (Bletsoe Castle, Bedfordshire 31 May 1443-Abbot’s House, Cheyney Gates, Westminster Abbey 29 Jun 1509, bur Westminster Abbey).  Earl Thomas & his first wife had one child: 

a)         GEORGE Stanley ([1460]-Derby House, St Paul's Wharf, London 4/5 Dec 1503, bur London, St James Garlickhithe).  He was summoned to parliament 15 Nov 1482 in consequence of his marriage, whereby he became Lord Strange.  He was styled Lord Stanley after 1485.  He is said to have been poisoned at a banquet[353]m (before 26 Feb 1481) JOAN Le Strange Baroness Strange and Baroness Mohun, daughter and heiress of JOHN Le Strange Lord Strange & his wife Jacquette Wydeville (-Colham Green, Middlesex 20 Mar 1514).  George & his wife had one child: 

i)          THOMAS Stanley (before 1485-Colham Green, Middlesex 23 May 1521, bur Syon Monastery, Middlesex).  He succeeded his paternal grandfather in 1504 as Earl of Derby, and his mother in 1514 as Lord Strange, Lord Mohun. 

-         see below

ii)         JAMES Stanley of Crosshall, Lancashire .  Ancestor of the Baronets Stanley and, from 1736, the later Earls of Derby[354]

b)         EDWARD Stanley .  He was created Lord Mounteagle 21 May 1514.  Ancestor of the Lords Mounteagle[355]

2.         Sir WILLIAM Stanley (-executed Tower Hill 16 Feb 1495).  He was beheaded for participating in the Perkin Warbeck plot[356]m firstly ---.  m secondly (before 7 Dec 1471) as her third husband, ELIZABETH Hopton, widow firstly of Sir ROGER Corbet of Moreton Corbet, Shropshire and secondly of JOHN Tiptoft Earl of Worcester, daughter of THOMAS Hopton of Hopton, Shropshire & his wife Eleanor Lucy of Newington, Kent and Richard's Castle, Herefordshire (-22 Jun 1498). 

3.         JOHN Stanley .  Ancestor of the Barons STANLEY of Alderley[357]m ELISABETH Weever, daughter of Sir THOMAS Weever of Weever, Cheshire & his wife ---. 

 

 

THOMAS Stanley, son of GEORGE Stanley Lord Stanley & his wife Joan Le Strange Baroness Strange and Mohun (before 1485-Colham Green, Middlesex 23 May 1521, bur Syon Monastery, Middlesex).  He succeeded his paternal grandfather in 1504 as Earl of Derby, and his mother in 1514 as Lord Strange, Lord Mohun. 

m (before 1503) ANNE Hastings, daughter of EDWARD Hastings Lord Hungerford and Hastings & his wife Mary Hungerford (-Colham Green, Middlesex, bur 17 Nov 1550). 

Thomas & his wife had two children: 

1.         JOHN Stanley (-1503, bur London, St James Garlickhithe). 

2.         EDWARD Stanley (10 May 1509-Lathom House 24 Oct 1572, bur Ormskirk).  He was probably styled Lord Strange until 1521.  He succeeded his father in 1521 as Earl of Derbym firstly (before 21 Feb 1530) DOROTHY Howard, daughter of THOMAS Howard Duke of Norfolk & his second wife Agnes Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire.  m secondly MARGARET Barlow, daughter of ELLIS Barlow of Barlow, Lancashire & his wife Anne Reddish of Reddish, Lancashire (-19 Jan 1559, bur Ormskirk).  m thirdly (before 1 Jan 1562) as her first husband, MARY Cotton, daughter of Sir GEORGE Cotton of Combermere, Cheshire & his wife Mary Onley of Catesby, Northamptonshire (-16 Nov 1580).  She married secondly Henry Grey Earl of Kent.  Earl Edward & his first wife had five children: 

a)         ANNE (1530-22 Sep 1602, bur St Colomb Major).  m firstly (licence 10 Feb 1549) CHARLES Stourton Baron Stourton, son of WILLIAM Stourton Baron Stourton & his wife Elizabeth Dudley ([1518/24]-hanged Salisbury 6 Mar 1557, bur Salisbury Cathedral).  m secondly ([1560]) Sir JOHN Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall (-17 Nov 1590, bur St Colomb Major). 

b)         HENRY Stanley (Sep 1531-Lathom 25 Sep 1593, bur Ormskirk).  He was styled Lord Strange, summoned to parliament as such 23 Jan 1559.  He succeeded his father in 1572 as Earl of Derbym (Royal Chapel, Whitehall 7 Feb 1555) MARGARET Clifford, daughter of HENRY Clifford Earl of Cumberland & his first wife Eleanor Brandon of Suffolk (-Cleveland Row, Middlesex 29 Sep 1596, bur Westminster Abbey).  They were ancestors of the succeeding EARLS of DERBY, until 1736. 

c)         JANE (-bur 4 Sep 1569 St Edmund´s Dudley).  m ([1566/67]) as his second wife, EDWARD Sutton Lord Dudley, son of JOHN Sutton Lord Dudley & his wife Cicely Grey of the Marquesses of Dorset (-bur 12 Aug 1586 St Margaret´s Westminster). 

d)         MARY (-3 Sep 1609, bur Thornbury, Gloucestershire).  m (before 23 Nov 1566) EDWARD Stafford Baron Stafford, son of HENRY Stafford Baron Stafford & his wife Elizabeth Davy (Stafford Castle 17 Jan 1536-18 Oct 1603, bur Stafford St Mary). 

e)         ELIZABETH (-[1589/4 Feb 1591]).  m HENRY Parker Lord Morley, son of HENRY Parker & his first wife Grace Newport (1531-Paris 22 Oct 1577). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    DEVON

 

 

 

A.      EARLS of DEVON 1141-1262 (REDVERS/REVIERS)

 

 

BALDWIN de Reviers, son of RICHARD Seigneur de Reviers & his wife Adelise Peverel ([1090/1100]-4 Jun 1155, bur Quarr Abbey, Isle of Wight).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Baldwinum” as first son of “Ricardo de Redveriis[358].  He revolted against King Stephen in 1136, was expelled from the Isle of Wight and driven into exile with his wife and children, taking refuge at the court of the Comte d'Anjou.  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records that "Baldwinus de Redvers cognomine" was banished from England with his wife and children in [1136][359].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Baldvinum de Revers" rebelled against King Stephen in Exeter but was forced to flee to the Isle of Wight, later surrendered and went into exile "ad comitem Andegavensium", dated to [1139/40][360].  He was created Earl of Devon by Empress Matilda in [1141].  "Baldwin earl of Exeter" confirmed the donations to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg by "his father Richard de Reveriis" by charter dated to [1142/55][361].  “Baldewinus comes Devonić” donated property to Exeter St James, with the consent of “Ricardo filio meo”, by undated charter witnessed by “…duobus filiis meis Willielmo et Henrico[362].  "Baldwin earl of Exeter" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg with the consent of "his sons Richard, Henry and his brothers William de Vernone and Robert de Sancte Marie Ecclesia" by charter dated to [1142/55][363].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1155 of "Balduinus de Redviers"[364].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that ”comes Baldwinus” founded “de Timmore canonicorum et Twina ubi est Christi ecclesia et monasterii Quararć in Insula Vectć et…Tira in Normannia”, and died “1155 II Non Jun” and was buried “apud Quareram[365].  The Obituary of Lyre records the death 4 Jun of “Baldewinus comes[366]

m firstly ADELISA, daughter of --- (-27 May ----, bur Quarr Abbey, Isle of Wight).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that ”comes Baldwinus” was buried “apud Quareram” where “uxor sua Adelicia et…filius suus Henricus” had been buried[367].  The text implies that Adelisa predeceased her husband.  “Ricardus comes Devonić” donated property to Exeter St James, for the soul of “…meorumque parentum defunctorum…patris mei Baldwini comitis et matris meć Adel”, by charter dated 1157[368]The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "27 May" of "Alicia de Reveriis"[369]

m secondly LUCY de Clare, daughter of [RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare & his wife Agnes of Chester] (-after 1155).  Domesday Descendants cites a charter under which “Lucy” donated property to Stoke-by-Clare priory for the souls of her husband Earl Baldwin and Earl Gilbert, endorsed “Carta de comitissa de Clara”, suggesting her marriage and parentage as shown here[370]

Earl Baldwin & his first wife had five children: 

1.         RICHARD ([1115/30]-21 or 27 Apr 1162, bur Christ Church, Twynham).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Ricardum, Henricum et Willielmum” as the three sons of ”comes Baldwinus[371].  "Adeliz de Redveris" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "patris mei…Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham…et matris mee Adeline", with the consent of "…nepotum meorum Ricardi de Reveris, Henrici atque Willelmi", by undated charter[372].  “Baldewinus comes Devonić” donated property to Exeter St James, with the consent of “Ricardo filio meo”, by undated charter witnessed by “…duobus filiis meis Willielmo et Henrico[373].  "Ricardus de Redveriis filius Baldewini comitis Exonie" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset founded by "Ricardus de Redveris avus meus", by undated charter[374].  Robert of Torigny names "Ricardus filius eius" as successor in 1155 of "Balduinus de Redviers"[375].  He succeeded his father in 1155 as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight.  The 1156 Pipe Roll records "Ric de Reduiers" in Devonshire[376].  “Ricardus comes Devonić” donated property to Exeter St James, for the soul of “uxoris meć Dionisić, meorumque parentum defunctorum…patris mei Baldwini comitis et matris meć Adel”, by charter dated 1157[377].  “Richardus comes Exonić, comitis Baldwini filius” founded Quarr Abbey by undated charter which recites a donation by “Hadewisć sororis meć[378].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Ricardus de Riveres dimidiam marcam" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1161/62][379].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1162 of "Richardus de Revers dominus insula Vectć in Anglia"[380]The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "27 Apr" of "Ricardus secundus comes de Reveriis"[381]Betrothed to EMMA de Pont de l'Arche, daughter of WILLIAM de Pont de l'Arche & his wife Constance Mauduit (-young).  Her betrothal is noted in Domesday Descendants[382]m ([1150]) DENISE of Cornwall, daughter and co-heiress of REYNOLD FitzRoy Earl of Cornwall & his wife Beatrice FitzWilliam (-after Apr 1162, bur Christ Church, Twynham).  Robert of Torigny records the wife of "Richardus de Revers dominus insula Vectć in Anglia" as "filia Rainaldi comitis Cornubić" but does not name her[383].  “Ricardus comes Devonić” donated property to Exeter St James, for the soul of “uxoris meć Dionisić…”, by charter dated 1157[384].  Earl Baldwin & his wife had two children:

a)         BALDWIN (-10 or 28 May 1188).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Baldwinum secundum et Ricardum tertium” as the two sons of ”Ricardus secundus”, adding that both sons died childless[385].  Robert of Torigny records that "parvulum filium…Balduinum" succeeded on the death in 1162 of "Richardus de Revers dominus insula Vectć in Anglia"[386].  He succeeded his father in 1162 as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight, probably invested with the earldom in 1185 or 1186[387].  "…Baldwino et Ricardo nepotibus meis, Willelmo de Vernun…" witnessed the charter dated to [1163/75] by which "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubić" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Alizić Corbet, materterć meć"[388].  The Obituary of Lyre records the death 10 May of “Baldewinus comes[389].  The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1188 of “Baldewinus comes Cornubić, consanguineus regis[390].  This is the only reference so far identified to Baldwin have succeeded as Earl of Cornwall, presumably de iure uxoris if this succession is correct.  m (Betrothed 1177) as her first husband, DENISE de Déols, daughter and heiress of RAOUL [VII] Sire de Déols et de Châteauroux & his second wife Agnčs de Charenton (1173-1221[391], bur Déols).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  She married secondly (Salisbury Aug 1189) André [I] de Chauvigny Sire de Chauvigny, and thirdly (after 1203, maybe repudiated before 1207) as his first wife, Guillaume [I] Comte de Sancerre.  

b)         RICHARD (-19 Aug [1193 or before]).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Baldwinum secundum et Ricardum tertium” as the two sons of ”Ricardus secundus”, adding that both sons died childless[392].  "…Baldwino et Ricardo nepotibus meis, Willelmo de Vernun…" witnessed the charter dated to [1163/75] by which "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubić" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Alizić Corbet, materterć meć"[393].  He succeeded his brother in 1188 as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight.  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "19 Aug" of "Ricardus de Reveriis tertius"[394]m EMMA [Gieva], daughter of --- (-10 Dec ----).  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "10 Dec" of "Gieva uxor Ricardi de Reveriis"[395]

2.         HAWISE de Reviers (-[1215]).  “Richardus comes Exonić, comitis Baldwini filius” founded Quarr Abbey by undated charter which recites a donation by “Hadewisć sororis meć[396][397]m ([1147]) ROBERT FitzRobert, illegitimate son of ROBERT FitzRoy Earl of Gloucester & his mistress ---. 

3.         HENRY (--young, bur Quarr Abbey, Isle of Wight).  "Adeliz de Redveris" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "patris mei…Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham…et matris mee Adeline", with the consent of "…nepotum meorum Ricardi de Reveris, Henrici atque Willelmi", by undated charter[398].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Ricardum, Henricum et Willielmum” as the three sons of ”comes Baldwinus”, adding that “filius suus Henricus” died young and was buried at Quarr Abbey[399].  “Baldewinus comes Devonić” donated property to Exeter St James, with the consent of “Ricardo filio meo”, by undated charter witnessed by “…duobus filiis meis Willielmo et Henrico[400]

4.         WILLIAM de Vernon (-8 or 10 Sep 1217, bur Christ Church, Twynham).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Ricardum, Henricum et Willielmum” as the three sons of ”comes Baldwinus[401].  "Adeliz de Redveris" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "patris mei…Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham…et matris mee Adeline", with the consent of "…nepotum meorum Ricardi de Reveris, Henrici atque Willelmi", by undated charter[402].  “Baldewinus comes Devonić” donated property to Exeter St James, with the consent of “Ricardo filio meo”, by undated charter witnessed by “…duobus filiis meis Willielmo et Henrico[403].  "…Baldwino et Ricardo nepotibus meis, Willelmo de Vernun…" witnessed the charter dated to [1163/75] by which "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubić" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Alizić Corbet, materterć meć"[404].  He succeeded his nephew in [1193] as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight.  “Willielmus de Vernon comes Devonić et filius comitis Baldewini” donated property to Quarr Abbey, for the souls of “patris mei comitis Baldewini et matris meć Adelicić comitissć et fratris mei comitis Ricardi et uxoris meć Mabilić comitissć”, by undated charter[405].  The Obituary of Lyre records the death 8 Sep of “Willelmus comes[406]The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "17 Sep" of "Guillelmus de Reveriis secundus"[407]Henry III King of England notified "W. Briwerr juniori" of the death of "W. comes de Insula" and requested him to take custody of "castrum de Carebroc" until a decision about its custodianship dated [Sep] 1217[408]m ([1178/86]) MABILE de Meulan, daughter of ROBERT de Beaumont Comte de Meulan & his wife Matilda of Cornwall ([1166/72]-after 1 May 1204).  Her marriage date is estimated from the marriage date of her daughter Mary.  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that Robert Comte de Meulan devised his lands in Normandy and England "ex toto to Mabiria wife of William Earl of the Isle and to have them confirmed to [her], as to his next heir [tanquam heredi meo propinquiori]", by charter dated 1 May 1204 "copied into the cartulary of Beaulieu in the forest of Préaux near Rouen", witnessed by "John de Préaux, William de Préaux…"[409].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Mabilia comitissa” as the wife of ”Willielmum de Vernona[410].  “Willielmus de Vernon comes Devonić et filius comitis Baldewini” donated property to Quarr Abbey, for the souls of “…et uxoris meć Mabilić comitissć”, by undated charter[411].  Earl William & his wife had three children: 

a)         MARY de Vernon (-after 1244).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Johannam…Willielmi Brewer et Mariam Roberti de Courtney…uxores” as the two daughters of ”Willielmum de Vernona” & his wife, an earlier passage in the same source adding that “domina Maria, juniore filia domini Willielmi de Redveriis comitis Devonić” was the wife of “Robertus de Courtenay[412].  John King of England granted "insulas de Gerse et de Gernere et de Aurene...cum filia et hede Willi com de Insula" to “Petro de Pratell”, dated 14 Jan 1200[413].  A charter dated 28 Apr 1200 confirmed the marriage contract between "Willm de Vernon comes Devon…Johe filie ipsius comitis junioris" and "Hub de Burgo dni Regis camerarium", confirming that "honoris sui in Devon cum castello de Plinton" had been allocated to "filie sue priori natu" while "insula de Wicth et Cristeschirche" were assigned to the younger daughter[414].  This document confirms that Joan was the younger daughter, despite the order in which the daughters are named in the Fundationis, and also that the division of property was made before the birth of their brother Baldwin in the absence of a male heir.  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1201 under which “Robertus Comes Melleti” granted property to “Petro de Patett et Marie filie Willi Comitis de Insula filie Mabirie filie mee” on their marriage[415].  Henry III King of England granted "in manerio de Aulton" to "Marie uxori Roberti de Curtenay" dated [Oct] 1226[416].  Henry III King of England granted "manerium de Sedberegh" to "Marie uxori Roberti de Curtenay" in 1227[417].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Devon, dated 1244, which include "de dominabus, dicunt quod Maria que fuit uxor Roberti de Curtenay est de donacione domini regis et terra eius de Wymple valet x.l"[418].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 11 May "2 Edw I" following the death of [her son] "John de Corteney alias de Curtenay" record that “William de Vernoun earl of the Isle gave the manor [of Cruk] to Robert de Curtenay father of the said John in free marriage with Mary his daughter[419]m firstly ([Jan 1200]) PIERRE de Préaux, son of OSBERT de Préaux & his wife Mathilde --- (-after 29 Jan 1206).  m secondly ROBERT de Courtenay, son of RENAUD de Courtenay & his wife Hawise de Courcy [Curcy] Lady of Okehampton (-26 Jul 1242). 

b)         JOAN de Vernon (-after 1233).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Johannam…Willielmi Brewer et Mariam Roberti de Courtney…uxores” as the two daughters of ”Willielmum de Vernona” & his wife, adding that Joan was childless[420].  "Hubertus Camarerius" paid a fine for his agreement with "com Devon de maritanda sui Joha fil ipsius comitis", dated 1200[421].  A charter dated 28 Apr 1200 confirmed the marriage contract between "Willm de Vernon comes Devon…Johe filie ipsius comitis junioris" and "Hub de Burgo dni Regis camerarium", confirming that "honoris sui in Devon cum castello de Plinton" had been allocated to "filie sue priori natu" while "insula de Wicth et Cristeschirche" were assigned to the younger daughter[422].  This document confirms that Joan was the younger daughter, despite the order in which the daughters are named in the Fundationis, and also that the division of property was made before the birth of their brother Baldwin in the absence of a male heir.  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees of William Briwere, dated 1234, which names "Johanne que fuit uxor predicti Willelmi Briwere"[423]Betrothed (agreement confirmed 28 Apr 1200) to HUBERT de Burgh, son of --- de Burgh & his wife Alice --- (-Banstead, Surrey 12 May 1243, bur London, Church of the Black Friars).  He was created Earl of Kent in 1227.  m WILLIAM Briwere, son of WILLIAM Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-1233). 

c)         BALDWIN (after 28 Apr 1200-1 Sep 1216).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Baldwinum tertium” as the son of ”Willielmum de Vernona” & his wife, adding that he died “Kal Sep 1216[424]The necrology of Lyre monastery records the death "1 Sep" of "Balduwinus filius comitis Insulć"[425]m as her first husband, MARGARET, daughter of WARIN FitzGerold, Chamberlain of the King & his wife Alice de Curcy (-before 29 Sep 1252, bur London, Church of the Grey Friars).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “Baldwinum tertium”, son of ”Willielmum de Vernona”, married “Margareta filia et hćrede Warini filii Geraldi[426].  She married secondly ([Oct/Dec] 1216) Fulk de Bréauté.  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the marriage of "filiam…Guarini filii Giroldo", first betrothed to "Balduino filio Balduini comitis de Vecta insula", and "Falco [de Braute]"[427].  Henry III King of England granted "castrum de Plinton…de comitatu Devonie" to "Falkesie de Breaute et Margarete uxori sue" by way of "dotis ipsius Margarete…terra que fuit Baldewini filii ipsius comitis" dated [Mar] 1218[428].  "Falkes de Bréauté" owed a fine "for his relief of the lands formerly of Warin fitz Gerold, by reason of the daughter and heiress of Warin whom he has taken to wife", dated to [1217/18][429].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Devon, dated 1219, which includes "Margeria que fuit uxor Baldewini filii comitis…maritata domino Falconi per Regem Johannem" holding "Colintun…in hundredo de Ha[rigg]"[430].  An order dated 6 Dec 1224 required the confiscation of "the vill of Newnham that Gundrea de Warenne held in dower, which is an inheritance partible between Joan wife of Hugh de Neville, and Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté", with savings for "the executors of the testament of the same Gundrea"[431].  "Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté" made a fine "for the debts that Falkes owed the king", dated 19 Feb 1225[432].  “Margareta de Redeveris” donated property to Clerkenwell priory, for the souls of “Baldewini filii mei primogeniti et aliorum puerorum meorum”, by undated charter which names “Alicić de Churci matris meć[433].  This charter suggests that Margaret had children by her second marriage, although it is unclear why she did not use her second husband´s name in the document.  Baldwin & his wife had one child: 

i)          BALDWIN ([1216/17]-15 Feb 1245, bur Breamore Priory, Hampshire).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Baldwinum quartum” as son of ”Baldwinum tertium” & his wife[434].  He succeeded his grandfather in 1217 as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight, invested with his Earldom 25 Dec 1239 at Winchester[435].  An undated writ issued after the death of "Baldwin de Ripariis sometime earl of Devon" listed his manors[436]m (Betrothed 29 Oct 1226) as her first husband, AMICE de Clare, daughter of GILBERT de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hereford & his wife Isabel Marshal of Pembroke (27 May 1220[437]-27 Nov, before 21 Jan 1284).  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the birth “VI Kal Jun” in 1220 of “Giliberto de Clare comiti Gloucestrić filia…Amicia[438].  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the birth in 1220 of “filiam Amiciam” to “Gilberto…Gloucestrić et Hertfordić comes” and his wife “domina Isabella filia Willielmi Marescalli senioris, comitis de Pembroke[439].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage in 1226 of “Amicia filia Gileberti comitis Glocestrić” and “Baldwino de Ripariis comiti de Wicht[440].  "G. de Clare earl of Gloucester" made a fine for the marriage of "his first-born daughter to Baldwin, son of Baldwin de Redvers, son of William de Redvers earl of Devon", dated to [29 Oct] 1226[441].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “Baldwinum quartum” married “Amiciam filiam Gilberti de Clare comitis Gloucestrić et Hertfordić[442].  She is named as wife of Baldwin by Matthew Paris, who specifies that she was step-daughter of Richard Earl of Cornwall and names her mother[443].  Henry III King of England confirmed the betrothal of "Gilebertus de Clare comes Gloucestrie et Hertfordie…filia sua" and "Baldewino filio Baldewini de Riveres filii Willelmi de Riveres comitis Devonie" dated 29 Oct 1226[444].  She may have married secondly Robert de Guines.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   The necrology of the Priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs records the death "V Kal Dec" of "Amitia comitissa Devonie"[445].  Baldwin & his wife had two children: 

(a)       BALDWIN (1 Jan 1236-Paris 1262 before 13 Sep, bur Breamore Priory, Hampshire).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Baldwinum quintum postea comitum et Isabellam Albermarlić” as the children of “Baldwinum quartum” & his wife[446].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the birth “in nocte Circumcionis Domini” in 1235 of “filium…Baldewinum” to “Amicia filia Gileberti comitis de Clare…[et] B. de Ripariis[447].  He succeeded his father in 1245 as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight.  His marriage was arranged by Pierre I Comte de Savoie.  The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1262 of "Baldewynus comes de Insula, comes Devonić"[448].  The Annals of Burton record the death “in Francia apud Parisius” in 1262 of “Baldwinus comes de Insula…juvenis[449].  Writs dated 13 Jan and 13 Jul "47 Hen III", after the death of "Baldwin de Insula earl of Devon", names "Isabel de Fortibus countess of Albemarla, late the wife of the earl of Albemarle, his sister, age variously stated as 24 and more and 25, is his heir through the death of his son"[450]m (1257) as her first husband, AVOIE [Marguerite] de Savoie, [illegitimate] daughter of [THOMAS I Comte de Savoie & his mistress ---] (-shortly before 14 May 1292).  Matthew Paris reports that "Baldewinus de Ripariis, domina regina procurante, quondam alienigenam ducit in uxorem, Sabaudiensem, ipsius reginć consanguineam"[451].  According to L'Art de vérifier les Dates[452], Avoie was the daughter of Thomas I Comte de Savoie.  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  It is argued in the Complete Peerage[453] that the wife of Baldwin de Reviers, 7th Earl of Devon, could not have been the daughter of Comte Thomas because she was referred to as 'Margaret' in other sources, Comte Thomas I's daughter of that name being the wife of Hartmann III Graf von Kyburg at the time of the earl's marriage.  The Complete Peerage434 also refers to a writ on the Patent Roll of 52 Henry III "from which it appears that the king had given to the daughter [unnamed] of Thomas, sometime Count of Savoy, 500 marks on her marriage", this presumably being the widowed Countess of Devon on the occasion of her second marriage.  The date of the writ matches the supposed second marriage of Avoie de Savoie, but the Complete Peerage434 assumes that the Count Thomas in question must have been Thomas II.  However, the latter's second marriage (from which all his surviving legitimate children were born) took place in 1251.  This would exclude the Earl and Countess of Devon having a son "John who died an infant"[454].  The possibilities therefore seem to be (a) that the Countess of Devon was the illegitimate daughter of either Comte Thomas I or of Comte Thomas II; (b) that she was the legitimate daughter of Comte Thomas I, called either Avoie or Marguerite despite his having another legitimate daughter named Marguerite; or (c) that 'Thomas' in the Patent Roll writ was an error for another Count of Savoy (although it is unclear who this might have been as all the other possibilities appear to be excluded).  It is recognised that Avoie could not have been born much later than 1220 if she was the daughter of Comte Thomas I, and therefore would have been at least 17 years older than her first husband the Earl of Devon.  Avoie is not mentioned in the 11 Oct 1264 will of her supposed brother Boniface Archbishop of Canterbury (which refers to his "sister the Ctss of Provence" and his "other sister the Ctss of Quibourc")[455].  Although this omission is not conclusive as the testator's other presumed two sisters, abbesses Alix and Agathe, were not mentioned either, it is somewhat surprising that he would not have mentioned a sister who was then living in England if he had one.  The most likely possibility is that Avoie was illegitimate.  She married secondly[456] (after 13 Jun 1269) as his second wife, Sir Robert Aguillon of Watton, Hertfordshire (-12 Feb 1286).  Some details about the earlier history of the Aguillon family near Chartres are set out by the editor of the cartulary of Notre-Dame de Josaphat[457]Earl Baldwin & his wife had one child: 

(1)       JOHN ([1258/62]-young).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Johannem” as the only child of “Baldwinum quintum”, adding that he died before his father[458]

(b)       ISABEL (Jul 1237-Stockwell, Surrey 10 Nov 1293, bur Breamore Priory, Hampshire).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Baldwinum quintum postea comitum et Isabellam Albermarlić” as the children of “Baldwinum quartum” & his wife, adding that Isabel succeeded after the death of her brother without children but also died childless[459].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the birth “circa Translationem beati Thomć martyris” in 1237 of “filiam…Isabel” to “Amicia filia Gilberti quondam comitis Gloucestrić…[et] Baldewino de Ripariis[460].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage in 1248 of “filia comitis Devonić” to “comiti de Aubemarle[461].  She succeeded her brother as Ctss of Devon, de suo iuris.  Writs dated 13 Jan and 13 Jul "47 Hen III", after the death of "Baldwin de Insula earl of Devon", names "Isabel de Fortibus countess of Albemarla, late the wife of the earl of Albemarle, his sister, age variously stated as 24 and more and 25, is his heir through the death of his son"[462].  "Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devonie ac Domina Insule" confirmed donations to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "quondam bone memorie Willelmi de Fortibus comitis Albemalle viri nostri et pro animabus Thome et Willelmi de Fortibus filiorum predicti comitis", by charter dated to 1269, witnessed by "Dominis Johanne, filio Johannis…"[463].  “Isabella de Fortibus comitissa de Albemarle et Devonić, ac domina Insulć” donated property to Quarr Abbey, for the soul of “domini mei Willielmi de Fortibus comitis Albemarlić”, by undated charter[464]m (1248) as his second wife, WILLIAM de Forz Lord of Holderness titular Comte d'Aumâle, son of GUILLAUME de Forz Lord of Holderness, titular Comte d'Aumâle & his wife Aveline de Montfichet ([1214/15]-Amiens 23 May 1260, bur Meaux Abbey). 

5.         ADELISA de Reviers (-after [1180]).  Her parentage and marriage are noted in Domesday Descendants[465].  "Alicia de Revers daughter of Count Baldwin" donated revenue from the manor of Silverton to Totnes church, with the consent of "her son and heir Henry", by charter dated to [1180], witnessed by "Rogero de Nonant, Ric de Nonant…"[466]m ROGER de Nonant, son of GUY de Nonant, Lord of Totnes, Devon & his wife Mabel --- (-[1177][467]). 

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of DEVON 1335-1556 (COURTENAY)

 

 

ROBERT de Courtenay, son of [RENAUD] de Courtenay & his wife Hawise [de Crimes/de Curcy] Lady of Okehampton (-26 Jul 1242, bur Forde Abbey, Devon).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Robertus de Curtenay" held "terre in Sutton" in Berkshire which King Henry II had granted to "Reginaldo de Curtenay avo suo"[468].  The 1194 Pipe Roll quoted below indicates that Sutton passed to Robert de Courtenay, son of Renaud de Courtenay by his second marriage, on the death of his father.  Robert, son of [Renaud], son of Renaud, may have been by-passed because of his young age, but would have inherited Sutton after the death of his uncle (or of his uncle´s son William, assuming that the latter survived his father).  Gui du Donjon chevalier” guaranteed the loyalty of “Robert de Courtenai” to the king by charter dated Nov 1217[469]"Robert de Courtenay" was granted "full seisin…of all lands…of Hawise de Courtenay his mother" after providing security, dated 29 Oct 1219[470].  Of Okehampton.  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records the death “VII Kal Aug apud Ywren manerium suum…1242” of “Robertus de Courtenay” and his burial at Ford[471]

m (after 1207) as her second husband, MARY de Vernon, widow of PIERRE de Préaux, daughter of WILLIAM de Reviers 5th Earl of Devon & his wife Mabile de Meulan (-after 1244).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Johannam…Willielmi Brewer et Mariam Roberti de Courtney…uxores” as the two daughters of ”Willielmum de Vernona” & his wife, an earlier passage in the same source adding that “domina Maria, juniore filia domini Willielmi de Redveriis comitis Devonić” was the wife of “Robertus de Courtenay[472].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1201 under which “Robertus Comes Melleti” granted property to “Petro de Patett et Marie filie Willi Comitis de Insula filie Mabirie filie mee” on their marriage[473].  Henry III King of England granted "in manerio de Aulton" to "Marie uxori Roberti de Curtenay" dated [Oct] 1226[474].  Henry III King of England granted "manerium de Sedberegh" to "Marie uxori Roberti de Curtenay" in 1227[475].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Devon, dated 1244, which include "de dominabus, dicunt quod Maria que fuit uxor Roberti de Curtenay est de donacione domini regis et terra eius de Wymple valet x.l"[476].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 11 May "2 Edw I" following the death of [her son] "John de Corteney alias de Curtenay" record that “William de Vernoun earl of the Isle gave the manor [of Cruk] to Robert de Curtenay father of the said John in free marriage with Mary his daughter[477]

Robert & his wife had one child: 

1.         JOHN de Courtenay of Okehampton (-3 May 1274, bur Forde Abbey, Devon).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “dominum Johannem de Courtenay” as son of “Robertus de Courtenay” and his wife “domina Maria, juniore filia domini Willielmi de Redveriis comitis Devonić[478].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records the death “V Non Maii 1273” of “Johannes de Courtenay” and his burial at Ford[479].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 11 May "2 Edw I" following the death of "John de Corteney alias de Curtenay" name “Isabel sometime his wife...Hugh his son aged 24 is his next heir”, and record that “William de Vernoun earl of the Isle gave the manor [of Cruk] to Robert de Curtenay father of the said John in free marriage with Mary his daughter” and that “Hawis de Curtenay gave to [Forde abbey]...land of Hargrave...and Robert de Curtenay her son and heir confirmed the gift[480]m as her first husband, ISABEL de Vere, daughter of HUGH de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Hawise de Quincy (after 1223-11 Aug 1299 or after, bur Exeter Dominican Church).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “dominum Johannem de Courtenay” married “Isabellam filiam domini Johannis de Veere comitis Oxonić”, that she married “Olivero de Dineham” after the death of her first husband, died “III Id Aug” and was buried “apud Fratres Prćdicatores Exonić[481].  She married secondly Olivier de Dineham.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   John & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         HUGH de Courtenay of Okehampton (-Colcombe 28 Feb 1292, bur Cowick near Exeter).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” as son of “dominum Johannem de Courtenay” and his wife “Isabellam filiam domini Johannis de Veere comitis Oxonić[482].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 11 May "2 Edw I" following the death of "John de Corteney alias de Curtenay" name “Isabel sometime his wife...Hugh his son aged 24 is his next heir[483].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records the death ”apud Colecombe III Kal Mar 1291” of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” and his burial “apud Cowick prope Exon.[484]m ELEANOR le Despencer, daughter of Sir HUGH le Despencer & his wife Aline Basset of Wycombe, Buckinghamshire (-30 Sep 1328, bur Cowick near Exeter).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” married “Elianoram filiam…domini Hugonis le Despencer primi, patris etiam domini Hugonis le Despencer…postea comitis Winton[485].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records the death ”1328 II Kal Oct” of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum…[vidua] domina Alianora” and her burial “prope maritum…apud Cowick[486].  Sir Hugh & his wife had [seven] children: 

i)          [ELEANOR (-before 6 Jun 1301).  According to the Complete Peerage, the wife of Sir Henry de Grey was “Eleanor daughter of Sir Hugh de Courtenay”[487].  The same work suggests that this was Sir Hugh who married Eleanor le Despencer.  However, this does not appear to be an ideal fit from a chronological point of view, assuming that Sir Hugh le Despencer is identified as the Sir Hugh who was killed at the battle of Evesham in 1265.  The Complete Peerage records that this Sir Hugh le Despencer married “in or before 1260” Aline Basset, their son Sir Hugh le Despencer being born 1 Mar 1261[488].  This would fit approximately with the estimated birth date of Hugh de Courtenay, son of Sir Hugh de Courtenay and Eleanor, in [1275].  However, the wife of Sir Henry de Grey would presumably have been born in the early 1260s, assuming that her marriage is correctly estimated to before [1281/82].  If that last date is correct, Eleanor, wife of Sir Henry, would more likely have been born in the previous Courtenay generation.  The problem is that a “Sir Hugh de Courtenay” has not yet been identified in that earlier generation.  m (before [1281/82]) as his first wife, Sir HENRY de Grey of Codnor, Derbyshire, son of Sir JOHN de Grey & his wife Lucy de Mohun of Dunster, Somerset (-Sep 1308).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grey.] 

ii)         HUGH de Courtenay ([1275]-23 Dec 1340, bur Cowick, near Exeter).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Hugonem secundum…ac Philippum postea dominum de Mourton prope Dartmore” as sons of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” & his wife[489].  He succeeded his father in 1292 at Okehampton.  He was summoned to parliament 6 Feb 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Courtenay.  He was declared Earl of Devon 22 Feb 1335. 

-         see below

iii)        PHILIP de Courtenay (-killed in battle Stirling 24 Jun 1314).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Hugonem secundum…ac Philippum postea dominum de Mourton prope Dartmore” as sons of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” & his wife, adding that Philip was killed “VIII Kal Jul 1314 in bello Scotić apud Striveling[490]

iv)       ISABEL (-after Feb 1323).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Isabellam domini Johannis de St John uxorem, Avelinam domini Johannis Gifford militis uxorem, necnon Egelinam Roberti de Scales uxorem, et Margaretam Johannis de Mulis…uxorem” as the four daughters of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” & his wife[491].  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Isabellam filiam nobilis viri Hugonis de Cortenay" as the wife of “Johannes secundus [de sancto Johanne][492]m as his first wife, JOHN de St John, son of Sir JOHN de St John of Basing, Hampshire & his wife Alice de FitzPiers ([1271/74]-before 4 Apr 1329).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord St John of Basing. 

v)        AVELINE .  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Isabellam domini Johannis de St John uxorem, Avelinam domini Johannis Gifford militis uxorem, necnon Egelinam Roberti de Scales uxorem, et Margaretam Johannis de Mulis…uxorem” as the four daughters of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” & his wife[493]m JOHN Giffard, son of [Sir OSBERT Giffard of Winterborne Houghton, Dorset & his wife Joan ---] (-after 1327). 

vi)       EGELINE (-10 Oct 1335 or before).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Isabellam domini Johannis de St John uxorem, Avelinam domini Johannis Gifford militis uxorem, necnon Egelinam Roberti de Scales uxorem, et Margaretam Johannis de Mulis…uxorem” as the four daughters of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” & his wife[494]m ROBERT de Scales, son of ROBERT de Scales Lord Scales & his wife Isabel --- ([1278/79]-20 Mar 1324).  He succeeded his father in 1305 as Lord Scales. 

vii)      MARGARET .  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Isabellam domini Johannis de St John uxorem, Avelinam domini Johannis Gifford militis uxorem, necnon Egelinam Roberti de Scales uxorem, et Margaretam Johannis de Mulis…uxorem” as the four daughters of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” & his wife[495]m JOHN de Mulis, son of ---. 

b)         [WILLIAM de Tracy .  “Willielmo de Tracy, fratre Hugonis de Courtenay, Henrico filio Willielmi de Tracy” subscribed an undated charter under which “Joselinus de Pomerei” donated property to Forde Abbey for the souls of “…domini mei regis Henrici…domini fratris mei Hen. de Pomerei[496].  It is assumed that this charter should be dated to the reign of King Henry III.  If this is correct, it is likely that “Hugonis de Courtenay” was Sir Hugh de Courtenay of Okehampton (died in 1292), although the chronology suggests that William de Tracy´s son must in that case have subscribed the charter when he was still a child.]  m ---.  The name of William´s son is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          HENRY de Tracy .  “Willielmo de Tracy, fratre Hugonis de Courtenay, Henrico filio Willielmi de Tracy” subscribed an undated charter under which “Joselinus de Pomerei” donated property to Forde Abbey for the souls of “…domini mei regis Henrici…domini fratris mei Hen. de Pomerei[497]

 

 

HUGH de Courtenay, son of Sir HUGH de Courtenay of Okehampton, Devon & his wife Eleanor le Despencer ([1275]-23 Dec 1340, bur Cowick, near Exeter).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Hugonem secundum” as son of “Hugonem de Courtnay primum” & his wife[498].  He succeeded his father in 1292 at Okehampton.  He was summoned to parliament 6 Feb 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Courtenay.  He was declared Earl of Devon 22 Feb 1335. 

m (1292) AGNES de St John, daughter of Sir JOHN de St John of Basing, Hampshire & his wife Alice FitzPiers ([1274/75]-Tiverton 11 Jun 1345, bur 27 Jun 1345 Cowick, near Exeter).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that ”dominus Hugo secundus” married “dominć Agnetć sorori sororii sui domini Johannis de St. John” when she was 17 years old[499].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records the death “1340 die Dominica in festo sanctć Trinitatis et sancti Barnabć Apostoli…apud Tiverton” of “domina Agneta de Courtnay comitissa Devonić” and her burial “apud Cowick prope Exon.[500]

Hugh & his wife had six children: 

1.         JOHN de Courtenay (-before 11 Jul 1349).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names (in order) “Johannem…Hugonem tertium…Robertum…ac Thomam” as the sons of ”dominus Hugo secundus” & his wife, adding that John became abbot at Tavistock[501]

2.         HUGH (12 Jul 1303-2 May 1377, bur Exeter Cathedral).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names (in order) “Johannem…Hugonem tertium…Robertum…ac Thomam” as the sons of ”dominus Hugo secundus” & his wife, adding that John became abbot at Tavistock[502].  He was summoned to parliament 23 Apr 1337, whereby he is held to have become Lord Courtenay.  He succeeded his father in 1340 as Earl of Devonm (contract 27 Sep 1314[503], 11 Aug 1325) MARGARET de Bohun, daughter of HUMPHREY de Bohun Earl of Hertford and Essex & his wife Elizabeth of England (-16 Dec 1391, bur Exeter Cathedral).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records the marriage ”1325 III Id Aug” of “Hugonem tertium” and “dominć Margaretć filić comitis Herefordić domini Humphredi de Bohun”, adding that her mother was “dominam Elizabetham…regis…Edwardi…primi filiam[504].  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Margareta…Humfredus…Johannes…Humfredus decimus…Edwardus et Willielmus…Alianora, Margareta secunda, Eneas, Isabella” as the six sons and four daughters of “Humfredus octavus de Bohun, comes Herefordić et Essex, constabularius Anglić et dominus Breconić” and his wife “Elizabetham filiam regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici tertii”, adding that the second Margaret married (after the death of her father) “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire[505].  Earl Hugh & his wife had fifteen children: 

a)         Sir HUGH de Courtenay (22 Mar 1327-before 2 Sep 1349, bur Forde Abbey).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife, adding that Hugh was born “1327 XI Kal Apr[506]m ([Jan/Aug] 1341) as her first husband, ELIZABETH de Vere, daughter of JOHN de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Matilda Badlesmere (-[Aug/Sep] 1375).  She married secondly, as his second wife, John de Mowbray Lord Mowbray, and thirdly (before 18 Jan 1369) Sir William de Cosynton.  Sir Hugh & his wife had one child: 

i)          HUGH (-20 Feb 1374).  He was summoned to parliament 8 Jan 1371, whereby he is held to have become Lord Courtenay.  m firstly (before May 1361) MARGARET de Bryan, daughter of Sir GUY de Bryan Lord Bryan & his [first wife ---] (-after 1361).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 5 Sep 1363) MATILDA de Holand, daughter of THOMAS de Holand Earl of Kent & his wife Joan Ctss of Kent ([1359]-before 13 Apr 1392).  She married secondly (1380) as his first wife, Valéran de Luxembourg Comte de Ligny et de Saint-Pol

b)         MARGARET de Courtenay (-2 Aug 1385, bur Cobham).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[507].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife[508]m ([1332/33]) JOHN de Cobham, son of JOHN de Cobham Lord Cobham & his first wife Joan Beauchamp (-10 Jan 1408, bur Grey Friars London).  He succeeded his father in 1355 as Lord Cobham. 

c)         ELIZABETH de Courtenay (-7 Aug 1395).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[509].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife[510]m firstly ([Jul] 1341) JOHN de Vere, son of JOHN de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Matilda de Badlesmere ([Dec 1335]-before 23 Jun 1350, bur Earl's Colne).  m secondly ([Jul 1359]) Sir ANDREW Luterel of Chaton, Devon. 

d)         THOMAS de Courtenay .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[511].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife[512]

e)         EDWARD de Courtenay of Goodrington (-[1364/72]).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[513]

-        see below

f)          JOHN Courtenay .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[514].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife[515]

g)         ELEANOR de Courtenay .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[516]

h)         KATHERINE de Courtenay (-31 Dec 1399).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[517].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife[518].  A manuscript concerning the history of Fineshade priory, Northamptonshire, dated 1376, records that “Thomam Engaine” married "dominam Katerinam filiam comitis Devonić" but died childless[519]m (before 18 Oct 1353) THOMAS Engaine of Laxton, Huntingdonshire, son of JOHN Engaine Lord Engaine & his wife Joan Peverel of Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire ([1334/35]-29 Jun 1367).  He succeeded his father in 1358 as Lord Engaine. 

i)          GUINEVERE de Courtenay .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[520]

j)          WILLIAM (-31 Jul 1396).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[521].  Bishop of Hereford 1370.  Bishop of London 1375.  Archbishop of Canterbury 1381. 

k)         HUMPHREY de Courtenay .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[522]

l)          JOHN de Courtenay .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[523]

m)       ISABEL de Courtenay .  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[524]

n)         PHILIP de Courtenay of Powderham Castle, Devon (-1406).  m ANNE Wake, daughter of Sir THOMAS Wake of Blisworth, Northamptonshire and Deeping, Lincolnshire & his wife Alice de Pateshull.  They were ancestors of the later EARLS of DEVON, declared as such by the House of Lords 14 May 1831[525]

o)         PIERS de Courtenay (-1409).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

3.         ROBERT de Courtenay .  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names (in order) “Johannem…Hugonem tertium…Robertum…ac Thomam” as the sons of ”dominus Hugo secundus” & his wife, adding that Robert died young[526]

4.         THOMAS de Courtenay .  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names (in order) “Johannem…Hugonem tertium…Robertum…ac Thomam” as the sons of ”dominus Hugo secundus” & his wife[527]m MURIEL, daughter and heiress of JOHN de Mules & his wife ---.  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that Thomas, son of ”dominus Hugo secundus”, married “Murielć senioris filić et hćredis domini Johannis de Mules[528].

5.         ELEANOR de Courtenay (-before 20 Oct 1330).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names (in order) “Elianoram…et Elizabetham” as the two daughters of ”dominus Hugo secundus” & his wife, adding that Eleanor married “Johanni de Gray” but died childless[529]m (before 4 Sep 1325) as his first wife, JOHN de Grey, son of Sir RICHARD de Grey Lord Grey of Codnor & his wife Joan FitzPayn (-14 Dec 1392, bur Aylesford Kent).  He succeeded his father in 1335 as Lord Grey of Codnor. 

6.         ELIZABETH de Courtenay (-after Apr 1364).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names (in order) “Elianoram…et Elizabetham” as the two daughters of ”dominus Hugo secundus” & his wife, adding that Elizabeth married “domini Bartholomei de Lydell[530]m (1329 or before) BARTHOLOMEW de Lisle, son of JOHN de Lisle Lord Lisle & his wife Pernel --- ([1307/08]-15 Aug 1345).  He succeeded his father in 1331 as Lord Lisle. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

EDWARD de Courtenay of Goodrington, son of HUGH de Courtenay Earl of Devon & his wife Margaret de Bohun (-[1364/72]).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names (in order) “Hugo et Margareta de Courtenay, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwardus, Johannes, Alianore, Caterina, Guenevera, Willielmus, Humfredus, Johannes et Isabella” as the children of “domino Hugoni de Cortney…comitem de Devonschire” and his wife Margaret[531].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names ”Hugonem…quartum…Thomam, Edwardum, Johannem, Margaretam, Elizabetham, Catherinam” as the children of “Hugonem tertium” and his wife[532]

m EMMELINE Dawnay, daughter of Sir EDWARD Dawnay & his wife --- (-1372 before 20 Sep). 

Edward & his wife had two children: 

1.         EDWARD de Courtenay ([1357]-5 Dec 1419).  He succeeded his grandfather in 1377 as Earl of Devon.  He went blind a long time before he died[533]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage says that she is “said to be daughter of Thomas Camoys Lord Camoys” but does not give the primary source reference on which this is based nor explain why there is any doubt about the matter.  Edward & his wife had two children: 

a)         Sir EDWARD de Courtenay ([1388]-Aug 1418).  He was styled Lord Courtenay.  He served in the French wars and fought at Agincourt 25 Oct 1415.  Admiral of the Fleet May-Aug 1418.  m ([13 May 1406/20 Nov 1409]) ELEANOR Mortimer, daughter of ROGER de Mortimer Earl of March & his wife Eleanor de Holand ([1395]-after Jan 1414).  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey names “Annć et Alianorć” as the daughters of “Rogerus comes Marchić et Ultonić”, adding that Eleanor died childless[534].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey records that Eleanor married “--- Courtney, primogeniti comitis Devonić[535]

b)         HUGH de Courtenay (1389-16 Jun 1422).  He succeeded his father in 1419 as Earl of Devonm ANNE Talbot, daughter of RICHARD Talbot Lord Talbot & his wife Ankaret le Strange (-16 Jan 1441).  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

i)          THOMAS (1414-Abingdon Abbey 3 Feb 1458).  He succeeded his father in 1422 as Earl of Devonm (after 1421) MARGARET Beaufort, daughter of JOHN Beaufort Earl of Somerset & his wife Margaret Holand of Kent .  Thomas & his wife had five children: 

(a)       THOMAS de Courtenay (1432-beheaded York 3 Apr 1461).  He succeeded his father in 1458 as Earl of Devon.  He was taken prisoner at the battle of Towton 29 Mar 1461 and beheaded, whereupon all his honours became forfeited.  [536]m (after 9 Sep 1456) as her first husband, MARIE bâtarde de Maine, illegitimate daughter of CHARLES Comte du Maine [Anjou-Valois] & his mistress ---.  She married [secondly] --- Seigneur d'Auricher[537].  Her brother Charles Comte du Maine awarded her a pension at Péronne 17 Feb 1470[538].  She may have been the "Countess of Devonshire" captured with Queen Margaret (who would have been her cousin) after the battle of Tewskesbury in 1471[539]

(b)       HENRY (-beheaded 17 Jan 1469).  He received the manor of Topham from King Edward IV 27 Jul 1461.  He was beheaded for treason. 

(c)       Sir JOHN Courtenay (-killed in battle Tewkesbury 4 May 1471, bur Tewkesbury).  The attainder on his brother was reversed on the restoration of King Henry VI 9 Oct 1470 and Sir John was restored as Earl of Devon.  His honours were forfeited once more after King Henry's defeat at the battle of Barnet 14 Apr 1471. 

(d)       JOAN .  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Joan 1st wedd. to Sir Roger Clifford, Nt., after to Sire William Knyvett, Knt" as daughter of "Margaret Countess of Devonshire"[540]m firstly Sir ROGER Clifford (-beheaded 1485).  m secondly Sir WILLIAM Knyvet

(e)       ELIZABETH .  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "---, wedded to Sir Hugh Conway, Knt" as daughter of "Margaret Countess of Devonshire"[541]m Sir HUGH Conway, son of ---. 

c)         ELIZABETH (-28 Oct 1471).  m firstly JOHN de Harington Lord Harington, son of Sir ROBERT de Haverington Lord Harington & his [second wife Isabel Cogan née Loring] ([1383/84]-11 Feb 1418).  m secondly ([May 1426/9 Oct 1427]) as his second wife, WILLIAM Bonville of Chewton, Somerset, son of JOHN Bonville & his wife Elizabeth FitzRoger (-executed 18 Feb 1461).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1449 whereby he is held to have become Lord Bonville. 

2.         Sir HUGH de Courtenay of Goodrington and Stancombe, Devon (-5/6 Mar 1425).  m firstly (pardon for marrying without royal licence 11 Feb 1393) as her second husband, ELIZABETH Cogan, widow of Sir FULK FitzWarin Lord FitzWarin, daughter of Sir WILLIAM Cogan of Bampton, Devon & his second wife Isabel Loring of Chalgrave, Bedfordshire ([1373/74]-29 Oct 1397).  m secondly PHILIPPA Arcedekne, daughter of Sir WARIN Arcedekene & his wife Elizabeth Talbot of Richard´s Castle, Herefordshire.  m thirdly MATILDA Beaumont, daughter of Sir JOHN Beaumont of Sherwell, Dorset & his wife ---.  Sir Hugh & his second wife had one child: 

a)         JOAN Courtenay m firstly Sir NICHOLAS Carew of Carew, son of THOMAS Carew & his wife Elizabeth Bonville of Shute (-1446).  m secondly Sir ROBERT de Vere, son of RICHARD de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Alice Sergeaux. 

Sir Hugh & his third wife had two children: 

b)         Sir HUGH de Courtenay of Boconnock, Cornwall (-killed in battle Tewkesbury 5 May 1471[542]).  m MARGARET Carminow, daughter of THOMAS Carminow of Carminow & his wife ---.  Sir Hugh & his wife had six children: 

i)          EDWARD Courtenay (-28 May 1509).  He was created Earl of Devon 26 Oct 1485 by King Henry VII. 

-         see below

ii)         Sir WALTER Courtenay (-after 1484).  He participated, with his brother, in the uprising of the duke of Buckingham against King Richard III and fled abroad after it failed[543]

iii)        MATILDA Courtenay .  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] records that "John Arundell", son of "Sir Thomas Arundell, knt, wedded dau of Durnford", married "Maud sister of the Earl of Devonshire"[544]m JOHN Arundel of Talkern, son of Sir JOHN Arundell knt & his wife --- of Durnford.  Ancestors of the Barons Arundell of Wardour[545]

iv)       ELIZABETH Courtenay .  The estates of Edward Earl of Devon were divided between the descendants of his four great-great aunts after his death in 1556[546]m JOHN Trethrif

v)        ISABEL Courtenaym WILLIAM Mohun of Hall, Lanteglos, Cornwall.  Ancestors of the family of Mohun of Boconnock, extinct 1712[547]

vi)       FLORENCE Courtenaym JOHN Trelawny of Trelawny, son of Sir JOHN Trelawny & his wife Jane Powna[548]

c)         MARGARET Courtenaym Sir THEOBALD Grenville

 

 

EDWARD Courtenay, son of Sir HUGH Courtenay of Boconnock, Cornwall & his wife Margaret Carminow (-28 May 1509).  He was created Earl of Devon 26 Oct 1485 by King Henry VII. 

m ELIZABETH Courtenay, daughter of Sir PHILIP Courtenay of Molland, Devon & his wife --- Hingeston (-before her husband, bur Tiverton, Devon). 

Edward & his wife had one child: 

1.         WILLIAM Courtenay, son of EDWARD Courtenay Earl of Devon & his wife Elizabeth Courtenay ([1475]-Greenwich 9 Jun 1511, bur London, Black Friars).  He was styled Lord Courtenay.  He was imprisoned by King Henry VIII from 1503 to 1509 for alleged complicity in the rebellion of the Earl of Suffolk and attainted.  He was therefore disabled from inheriting his father's earldom.  He found favour with King Henry VIII, his attainder being reversed 9 May 1511.  He was created Earl of Devon 10 May 1511, although he died before his investiture.  He died of pleurisy[549]m (Oct 1495 or before) KATHERINE of York, daughter of EDWARD IV King of England & his wife Elizabeth Wydeville (Eltham Palace, Kent 14 Aug 1479-Tiverton Castle, Devon 15 Nov 1527, bur 3 Dec 1527 Tiverton Parish Church).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Elizabeth Queen of England, Cecily Viscountess Welles, The Lady Anne, The Lady Katherine, wedded to the Earl of Devonshire´s son and heir, Madam Bridget, nun" as daughters of "King Edward the Fourth"[550].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY ([1498]-beheaded Tower Hill 9 Jan 1539).  He succeeded his father in 1511 as Earl of Devon.  He obtained a reversal of his father's attainder in Dec 1512 and so succeeded to his grandfather's earldom.  He was created Marquess of Exeter 18 Jun 1525.  He became involved in the conspiracy of the Pole family, was taken prisoner, found guilty of high treason and executed.  He was attainted and his earldom was therefore forfeited.  m firstly (after Jun 1515) ELIZABETH Baroness Lisle, daughter of JOHN Grey 2nd Viscount Lisle & his wife Muriel Howard of Norfolk .  m secondly (25 Oct 1519) GERTRUDE Blount, daughter of WILLIAM Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy & his first wife Elizabeth Saye ([1503/07]-25 Sep 1558, bur Wimborne Minster, Dorset).  She was arrested 5 Nov 1538 and kept in prison until released by Queen Mary I who reversed her attainder and to whom she became lady in waiting.  Earl Henry & his second wife had two children: 

i)          HENRY (-young). 

ii)         EDWARD (1526-Padua 18 Sep 1556, bur Padua St Antonio).  He was created Earl of Devon 3 Sep 1553 by Queen Mary. 

b)         MARGARET Courtenay (-15 Apr 1526).  m (Papal dispensation 15 Jun 1514) as his first wife, HENRY Somerset, son of CHARLES Somerset Earl of Worcester & his first wife Elizabeth Baroness Herbert ([1495/96]-26 Nov 1549, bur Chepstow).  He succeeded his father in 1526 as Earl of Worcester. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    ESSEX

 

 

The Mandeville family probably derive their name from Manneville or Colmesnil-Manneville (Seine-Maritime)[551].  Geoffrey de Mandeville, who was presumably the first of the family who came to England from Normandy, held several manors in Essex at the time of Domesday Book.  The absence of information on his origin or career in Normandy, as well as the doubt concerning his home town, implies a modest background from a milieu whose personal activities went unrecorded or for which records have rarely survived.  His grandson Geoffrey was created Earl of Essex successively by King Stephen and Empress Matilda in 1140 and 1141 respectively.  After the death without issue of William de Mandeville Earl of Essex in 1189, the inheritance fell to his aunt Beatrice de Say, whose granddaughter's husband, Geoffrey FitzPiers, was eventually installed as Earl of Essex ten years after his predecessor's death and adopted the name "Mandeville".  Geoffrey´s two sons succeeded to the title, but on the death of William de Mandeville, the younger, in 1227 it passed to the family of his sister, widow of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford.  The earldom remained in the Bohun family until the death of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex in 1373, when it passed to his daughter Eleanor, wife of Thomas "of Woodstock" Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III King of England.  On her death in 1399 without surviving male heirs, the rights to the earldom passed to her three surviving daughters although the title was not attributed again until 1461 when it was accorded to Henry Bourchier Comte d'Eu, eldest son of Anne, eldest daughter of Thomas "of Woodstock".  The earldom of Essex became extinct on the death in 1540 of Henry Bourchier Earl of Essex.  It was created once more in favour of Thomas Cromwell Baron Cromwell in 1540, but he was attainted and executed only two months later.  The earldom was in 1543 conferred on William Parr Baron Parr, who was the son-in-law of the previous earl Henry Bourchier, despite the fact that he had repudiated his wife and obtained an Act of Parliament declaring their children bastards earlier the same year.  He was attainted in 1553, whereby all his honours were forfeited.  In 1572, William Devereux Viscount Hereford was created Earl of Essex, the earldom remaining in his family until 1646. 

 

 

 

A.      EARLS of ESSEX 1140-1189 (MANDEVILLE -1)

 

 

1.         RAOUL de Mandeville (-after 1081).  "…Rodulfo de Magnavilla…" witnessed the charter dated 1081 under which "Eudo vicecomes pagi Constantini" donated property to the abbey of Marmoutier[552]

 

2.         ROBERT de Mandeville .  A charter dated to [1136] records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, including that of "Robertus de Magnavilla et uxor eius Hadevisa et filius eius Radulfus"[553]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [1136] records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, including that of "Robertus de Magnavilla et uxor eius Hadevisa et filius eius Radulfus"[554].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         RAOUL de Mandeville .  A charter dated to [1136] records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, including that of "Robertus de Magnavilla et uxor eius Hadevisa et filius eius Radulfus"[555]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         ROGER de Mandeville (-after 1104).  A charter dated 1104 records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by "Nigellus presbyter de Geroville et Rogerus frater eius et Briennius filius ipsius", witnessed by "Rogero de Magnevilla et Gaufrido fratre suo…"[556]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  A manuscript at Caen, which commemorates the death of Abbess Mathilde, daughter of William I King of England, names "Gislebertus filius Rogerii de Magnevilla, Agnes mater eius" among the deceased at "sanctć Marić Montisburgi"[557].  Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         GILBERT de Mandeville .  A manuscript at Caen, which commemorates the death of Abbess Mathilde, daughter of William I King of England, names "Gislebertus filius Rogerii de Magnevilla, Agnes mater eius" among the deceased at "sanctć Marić Montisburgi"[558]

2.         GEOFFREY de Mandeville (-after 1104).  “…Josfridi de Magna Villa…” witnessed the charter dated to [1070/75] under which William I King of England donated Plumstead to St Augustine´s, Canterbury[559].  “Godefridus de Magnavilla” founded Hurley Priory, Berkshire, for the souls of “uxoris meć Lecelinć…Athalaisć primć uxoris meć, matris filiorum meorum iam defunctć”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lecelina domina uxor mea, Willielmus de Magnavilla…[560].  "…Goffridum de Mannavilla…" witnessed the charter under which William I King of England confirmed the rights of Ely abbey[561].  Domesday Book records the land of “Geoffrey de Mandeville” in Brixton, Wallington and Woking Hundreds in Surrey, in Berkshire including in Kintbury Hundred and Lambourn Hundred, properties in Middlesex and Hertfordshire[562].  He held the manors of Great Waltham, Saffron Walden, High Easter and Pleshey, in Essex, as well as other manors in other counties in Domesday Book[563].  A charter dated 1104 records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by "Nigellus presbyter de Geroville et Rogerus frater eius et Briennius filius ipsius", witnessed by "Rogero de Magnevilla et Gaufrido fratre suo…"[564]m firstly ADELAIS, daughter of --- (-before [1085]).  “Godefridus de Magnavilla” founded Hurley Priory, Berkshire, for the souls of “…Athalaisć primć uxoris meć, matris filiorum meorum iam defunctć”, by undated charter[565]m secondly (before [1085]) LESCELINE, daughter of ---.  “Godefridus de Magnavilla” founded Hurley Priory, Berkshire, for the souls of “uxoris meć Lecelinć…”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lecelina domina uxor mea, Willielmus de Magnavilla…[566].  Geoffrey & his first wife had four children:

a)         WILLIAM de Mandeville (-[1116][567]).  “Godefridus de Magnavilla” founded Hurley Priory, Berkshire, for the souls of “uxoris meć Lecelinć…”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lecelina domina uxor mea, Willielmus de Magnavilla…[568].  ”Walterus de Gant, filius et hćres Gisilberti de Gant” restored Bardney Abbey in 1115, witnessed by “Roberto de ---, Willielmo nepote meo constabulario Cestrić, Willielmo de Mandevill…[569]m ([1100/05]) as her first husband, MARGUERITE,  daughter of EUDES de Rie, dapifer, of Colchester, Essex & his wife Rohese ---.  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names “Margareta” as daughter of “Eudoni dapifero Regis Normannić”, adding that she married “Willielmo de Mandavill” by whom she was mother of “Gaufridi filii comitis Essexić et iure matris Normannić dapifer[570].  According to the Complete Peerage, this genealogy is “probably erroneous” but it does not explain the basis for the doubts[571].  She married secondly ([1116/19]) Ottiwell.  This second marriage is suggested by the charter dated [1141/42] under which Empress Matilda made various grants of property including a grant to "Willelmo filio Otuel fratri…Comitis Gaufredi"[572].  The only contemporary Ottiwell who has so far been identified was Ottiwell FitzHugh, illegitimate son of Hugh Earl of Chester.  William & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          GEOFFREY ([1100/05]-Mildenhall, Suffolk 14 or 16 Sep 1144, bur 1163 New Temple Church).  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names “Gaufridi filii comitis Essexić et iure matris Normannić dapifer” as son of “Willielmo de Mandavill” and his wife “Margareta[573].  He was created Earl of Essex in 1140 and 1141. 

-         see below

ii)         BEATRIX ([1105]-[Rickling, Essex] 19 Apr [1197 or before], bur Walden Abbey).  A manuscript listing property of Walden abbey states, quoting a charter of Stephen King of England dated 1147, that “sororem suam…Beatricem” (referring to "Galfridus Essexić comes") married "Hugoni Talebot" from whom she was divorced and secondly "Willielmo de Saye"[574].  She became the heiress of her nephew William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, her son by her second husband, Geoffrey, being allowed to occupy her place in view of her age[575].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Beatrix de Mandavilla domina de Say, soror Galfridi primi, fundatoris, et amita Willielmi” succeeded her nephew[576].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1200 of “Beatrix de Say, soror fundatoris nostri et uxor Willielmi de Say” and her burial in the abbey[577]m firstly (divorced) HUGH Talbot, son of [RICHARD Talbot & his wife Amicie de Gournay].  m secondly WILLIAM de Say, son of [JORDAN de Say & his wife Lucy de Rumilly] (-[1155][578]).  He fought with his brother-in-law at the siege of Burwell Castle in Aug 1144. 

iii)        [ALICE .  Round suggests Alice´s parentage and marriage based on a charter in which "Adelid" Capra names William Earl of Essex as her "nepos"[579]m WILLIAM "Capra", son of ---.  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] including a grant of "terram patris sui" to "Willelmus Cap´"[580].] 

b)         WALTER .  He held the manor of Broomfield, Essex from his father in 1086[581]m ---.  The name of Walter´s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [WILLIAM .]  m ---.  The name of William´s wife is not known.  The descendants shown below are as noted in Domesday Descendants[582].  However, as stated below, one of the details, stated in Domesday Descendants, is incorrect.  It has not yet been possible to verify the other information.  William & his wife had three children: 

(a)       WALTER de Mandevillem firstly ADELISA, daughter of ---.  m secondly MIRABEL, daughter of OGER of Broomfield & his wife ---. 

(b)       GILBERT .  He succeeded his brother Walter[583]

(c)       GEOFFREY FitzWilliam de Mandeville (-after 1200).  m ---.  The name of Geoffrey´s wife is not known.  According to Domesday Descendants, Geoffrey FitzWilliam married "Matilda, daughter of John de Bidun & Alice Mauduit"[584].  However, this is incorrect, as Matilda married Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey, as shown in the document UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY A-C.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

(1)       WILLIAM FitzGeoffrey .  King John confirmed the grant made by "Hug de Bellocampo" of "terram…in Chelardeston" to "Willelmo fil Gaufr…in maritagio cum Olyva sorore predicti Hug" by charter dated 5 Jun 1200[585]m OLIVA de Beauchamp, daughter of --- de Beauchamp & his wife ---.  King John confirmed the grant made by "Hug de Bellocampo" of "terram…in Chelardeston" to "Willelmo fil Gaufr…in maritagio cum Olyva sorore predicti Hug" by charter dated 5 Jun 1200[586].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Oliverus frater suus primogenitus" settled a claim against "de Bello Campo…Hugo" by returning "Chelardeston" which Oliver granted to "Willelmo filio Gaufridi cum filia sua in maritagio"[587].  Her son was heir to her brother Roger de Beauchamp, as shown by the order dated 6 Dec 1221 which records that "John son of William, nephew and heir of Roger de Beauchamp" paid a fine for the lands of "Eton and Sandon…formerly of Roger his uncle" in Bedfordshire[588].  She must have died before that date otherwise she would have been Roger´s heir. 

c)         RICHARD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

d)         BEATRIX .  William I King of England confirmed the donations in Balham and Walton by "Godfrey son of Count Eustace on behalf of his wife Beatrice, with the consent of Geoffrey de Mandeville", by charter dated to [1076/84][589].  Domesday Book records land held from “Geoffrey son of Count Eustace” in Carshalton, Surrey, adding that "Geoffrey de Mandeville gave him this land with his daughter"[590]m ([1076/85]) GEOFFROY de Boulogne of Carshalton, illegitimate son of EUSTACHE [II] Comte de Boulogne & his mistress --- (-after 1100). 

 

 

The relationship, if any, between the following person and the main Mandeville family has not yet been ascertained. 

1.         NIGEL de Mandeville (-after 1103).  The Annals of Bermondsey which record the donation in 1103 by “Nigellus de Matildaevilla” of “terram de Balgham” to the monastery with the consent of “uxore sua[591]m --- (-after 1103).  The Annals of Bermondsey which record the donation in 1103 by “Nigellus de Matildaevilla” of “terram de Balgham” to the monastery with the consent of “uxore sua[592]

 

 

GEOFFREY de Mandeville, son of WILLIAM de Mandeville & his wife [Margaret de Rie] ([1100/05]-Mildenhall, Suffolk 14 or 16 Sep 1144, bur 1163 New Temple Church).  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names “Gaufridi filii comitis Essexić et iure matris Normannić dapifer” as son of “Willielmo de Mandavill” and his wife “Margareta[593].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr de Manevilla" in Oxfordshire[594].  King Stephen created him Earl of Essex by charter at Westminster [Jun/Dec] 1140.  He deserted the king after the battle of Lincoln in Feb 1141, and obtained another charter of the earldom of Essex from Empress Matilda in [Jun] 1141 which also appointed him hereditary Justice and Sheriff of London, Middlesex, Essex and Hertfordshire.  He was charged with treason in [Oct] 1143, arrested at St Albans and forced to surrender his castles of Walden, Pleshey and the Tower.  He then revolted, sacked Cambridge and besieged Burwell Castle, Cambridgeshire, in the course of which he was mortally wounded[595].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “XVI Kal Oct 1144” of “Galfridus de Mandavilla…fundator noster[596]

m as her first husband, ROHESE de Vere, daughter of AUBREY de Vere, Chamberlain of England & his wife Adelisa de Clare ([1105/10]-after 1166, bur Chicksand Priory).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Galfridus de Mandavilla…fundator noster” married “Rosam sororem Albredi de Oxenford[597].  As her son by her first marriage, Arnulf de Mandeville, received a grant of property in [1141/42] (placing his birth to [1120/25]), it is likely that Rohese was one of her parents´ older children.  “G de Magnavilla et Roeisa uxor eius” donated property to Hurley Priory, Berkshire by undated charter[598].  She married secondly Payn de Beauchamp Lord of Bedford, with whom she founded the priory of Chicksand where she was buried[599].  “Paganum et comitissam Roheis…sponsa mea” donated property to Thorney Monastery, by undated charter witnessed by “…Ivo Taillebois…[600]

Earl Geoffrey & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         ERNULF ([1120/25]-1178).  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] including a grant to "Ernulf de Mannavill" and service of knights "de comite Gaufredo patre suo"[601].  Son of Geoffrey according to Matthew Paris, who records his capture and exile after his father's death in 1144[602].  He held the manors of Highworth, Wiltshire and Kingham, Oxfordshire[603].  Geoffrey Earl of Essex confirmed grants of lands in Sawbridgworth by Warin FitzGerold camerarius regis and by his brother Henry to Robert Blund of London by charter dated to [1157/58], witnessed by "Roesia com matre mea, Eust[achia] com[itissa], Ernulfo de Mannavilla fratre meo, Willelmo filio Otuwel patruo meo…"[604].  Geoffrey Earl of Essex granted "terram de Caingeham" to "Ernulfo de Mandavilla fratri meo" by undated charter[605].  William Earl of Essex confirmed the donation of "villa de Kahingeham" to "Ernulfo de Mandavilla fratri meo" by undated charter, witnessed by "Comite Albrico, Simone de Bellocampo, Gaufrido de Say…"[606].  "Arnulfus de Mandeuilla" donated "villam de Chaingeham" to "Radulfo de Mandeuilla filio meo" by undated charter[607]m ALICE de Oilly, daughter of ROBERT de Oilly of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire & his wife Edith Forne [of Greystoke, Cumberland].  "Gaufridus de Mandeuile" confirmed "terre quam Aaliz mater mea…Ernulfus de Mandeuile pater meus" donated to Osney by undated charter[608].  Her parentage is suggested by her son Geoffrey de Mandeville attesting a charter of his uncle Henry d'Oilly for Osney abbey in [1154][609].  Ernulf & his wife had three children: 

a)         GEOFFREY (-after [1190/94]).  He attested a charter of his uncle Henry d'Oilly for Osney abbey in [1154][610].  "Gaufridus de Mandeuile" confirmed "terre quam Aaliz mater mea…Ernulfus de Mandeuile pater meus" donated to Osney by undated charter[611].  “Galfridus de Mandevila filius Galfridi de Mandevila” granted property to “Galfrido patri meo filio Arnulfi de Mandevila” for life by charter dated to [1190/94][612]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey´s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

i)          GEOFFREY .  “Galfridus de Mandevila filius Galfridi de Mandevila” granted property to “Galfrido patri meo filio Arnulfi de Mandevila” for life by charter dated to [1190/94], witnessed by “Roberto de Mandavilla, Radulfo fratre eiusdem…Hugone de Mandevilla[613].  Ancestor of the MANDEVILLE family of Highworth, extinct in the male line after 1291[614]

b)         RALPH de Mandeville of Kingham .  "Arnulfus de Mandeuilla" donated "villam de Chaingeham" to "Radulfo de Mandeuilla filio meo" by undated charter[615]

c)         MATILDA de Mandeville .  "Adam de Port" notified the bishop of Lincoln of his grant to the church of "Hattele" by undated charter, witnessed by "Herndaldo de Mandeville et domina Alicia uxore sua, domina Matiltide uxore dicti Adć de Port, Henrico de Port fratre eiusdem, Galfrido de Mandeville"[616]m ADAM de Port, son of ---. 

2.         GEOFFREY (-Chester 21 Oct 1166, bur Walden Abbey).  He received a grant of his father's lands from Empress Matilda at Devizes before 1147, and he was created Earl of Essex [Jan 1156][617].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridus de Mondeville iii m i militem et dimidium" in Somerset in [1160/61][618].  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death in 1166 of "Galfridus junior de Mandavilla"[619].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1165 XII Kal Nov” of “Galfridus de Mandavill comes Essexić[620]m (1158 or before, divorced) as her first husband, EUSTACHIE, [621][relative of HENRY II King of England], daughter of --- & his wife Isabelle (-before 1 Nov 1164[622]).  Geoffrey Earl of Essex confirmed grants of lands in Sawbridgworth by Warin FitzGerold camerarius regis and by his brother Henry to Robert Blund of London by charter dated to [1157/58], witnessed by "Roesia com matre mea, Eust[achia] com[itissa], Ernulfo de Mannavilla fratre meo, Willelmo filio Otuwel patruo meo…"[623].  Earl Geoffrey refused to live with his wife, the king therefore causing them to be divorced592.  Evans speculates that she was the illegitimate daughter of Eustache IV Comte de Boulogne, based only on onomastic reasons[624], but other families besides the counts of Boulogne used this name at the time[625].  If correct, this would also mean that she was little more than a child, even at the time of her second marriage, as her alleged father was himself born in [1127/31], which makes the report of Earl Geoffrey refusing to cohabit rather unlikely.  She married secondly as his second wife, Anselme "Candavčne" Comte de Saint-Pol (-1174). 

3.         WILLIAM (-[Rouen/Gisors/Le Vaudreuil] Normandy 14 Nov 1189, bur Abbey of Mortemer).  He succeeded his brother in 1166 as Earl of Essex.  “Willelmus de Mandavilla, comes Essexić” donated property to Hurley Priory, Berkshire by undated charter witnessed by “Simone de Bello Campo fratre meo…[626].  He succeeded as Comte d'Aumâle, de iure uxoris.  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Willielmus de Mandevilla comes Essexić, frater et hćres…Gaufridi” died “in Normannia 1181” childless[627].  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death "II Id Dec" in 1189 of "Willelmus de Mandavilla"[628].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death “1189 XIII Kal Dec” of “Willielmus de Mandavill comes Essexić[629].  The Historia cśnobiii Mortui-Maris records the burial at Mortemer of "comes…Willelmus"[630]m (Pleshey, Essex 14 Jan 1180) as her first husband, HAWISE Ctss d'Aumâle, daughter of GUILLAUME "le Gros" Comte d'Aumâle, Lord of Holderness [Champagne-Blois] & his wife Cecily Lady of Skipton (-11 Mar 1214).  Robert of Torigny records the marriage of "Guillermus comes de Magnavilla" and "filia Willermi comitis Albć Marlć" together with the county of Aumâle in 1179[631].  Ralph de Diceto records that "Willelmus de Magna-villa comes Essexić" married "Hadewisam comtis Albimarlć primogenitam…apud Pleizet in Essexia XIX Kal Feb" in 1180 and was granted his father-in-law´s county[632].  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d´Angleterre records that "Aubemalle…Havi le contesse" married successively "le conte de Mandeville…Guillaumes" by whom she was childless, "Guillaume de Fors" by whom she had "i fills…Guillaumes", and thirdly "Bauduin de Biethune"[633].  “Hawisia comitissa Albemarlć” donated property to Garendon Abbey, for the soul of “domini mei Willielmi de Mandevill comitis Essex”, by undated charter which refers to “post mortem domini mei Baldewini de Betunia…Willielmi comitis Albemarle patris mei[634].  She married secondly (after 3 Jul 1190) Guillaume de Forz, who succeeded as Comte d'Aumâle, de iure uxoris, and thirdly (before Jul 1196) Baudouin de Béthune Seigneur de Choques [en-Artois].  William & his wife had --- children: 

a)         children died before their father[635]

4.         ROBERT (-before 14 Nov 1189[636]).  "Gaufridus  comes de Essex et fratres eius Willelmus et Robertus de Maudevyll" are named in a charter to Chicksand priory[637]

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of ESSEX 1199-1227 (MANDEVILLE - 2)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

PETER de Ludgershall, son of --- (-Winchester 11--, bur 8 May 1198 Winchester, Church of St Swithin).  "Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex" donated property to Winchester St Swithin, for the anniversaries of "…Petri de Lutegareshale patris mei…et Mathildis matris mee…et sponsarum mearum Beatricis et Aveline et liberorum meorum" by  undated charter[638].  He became a monk at Winchester before he died[639].  The Annals of Winchester record that “Gaufridus filius Petri” transferred the body of “patrem suum” to Winchester[640]

m as her first husband, MATILDA, daughter of ---.  "Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex" donated property to Winchester St Swithin, for the anniversaries of "…Petri de Lutegareshale patris mei…et Mathildis matris mee…et sponsarum mearum Beatricis et Aveline et liberorum meorum" by  undated charter[641].  She married secondly Hugh de Bocland of Buckland (-1175).  Her second marriage is confirmed in a charter for Colchester[642].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1222, by "Gaufridus de Lucy" against "priorem de Suwic" for "ecclesiam de Walewrthe…advocacionem", stating that "Gaufridus de Mandeuilla" had given it to him "Galfridus filius Petri frater ipsius Juliane", while the prior claimed that a document of "Matillidis de Boclande et Roberti filii Petri fratris…primogeniti Gaufridi filii Petri" proved the donation to the priory[643]

Piers & his wife had three children:

1.         ROBERT FitzPiers of Cherhill (-[1185/86])m as her first husband, PERRONELLE, daughter of ---.  She married secondly (1194) Eustace de Balliol of Barnard Castle.  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Eustacius de Baillol" in Wiltshire "pro habenda uxore que fuit Robert f Petri"[644]

2.         GEOFFREY FitzPiers (-14 Oct 1213, bur Shouldham Priory).  Having acquired part of the Mandeville inheritance from 1190, de iure uxoris, he was created Earl of Essex 27 May 1199.  “Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex” donated the chapel of St Peter, Drayton to York Cathedral by undated charter[645].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Galfridus filius Petri" paying "iv xx xviii [=98?] l vi s viii d" in Essex, Herefordshire[646].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records that King John gave "comitatum Estsexić" to "Galfrido filio Petri" the day of his coronation "VI Kal Jul" 1199[647].  "Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex" donated property to Winchester St Swithin, for the anniversaries of "…Petri de Lutegareshale patris mei…et Mathildis matris mee…et sponsarum mearum Beatricis et Aveline et liberorum meorum" by  undated charter[648].  The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1213 of “Gaufridus filius Petri comes de Essexe et justitiarius totius Anglić[649].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1214 of “Galfridus filius Petri, comes Essexić” and his burial “apud Soldham[650]m firstly (before 25 Jan 1185) BEATRICE de Say, daughter and co-heiress of WILLIAM de Say of Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire & his wife --- (-before 19 Apr 1197, bur Chicksand Priory).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Beatricem” as daughter of “Willielmus de Say”, son of “Beatrix de Mandavilla domina de Say, soror Galfridi primi, fundatoris, et amita Willielmi” and adds that she married “domino Galfrido filio Petri[651].  Through her paternal grandmother, Beatrice de Mandeville, Beatrice was heir to William de Mandeville Earl of Essex.  She died in childbirth, presumably giving birth either to her youngest son Henry or to her daughter Matilda.  "Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex" donated property to Winchester St Swithin, for the anniversaries of "…Petri de Lutegareshale patris mei…et Mathildis matris mee…et sponsarum mearum Beatricis et Aveline et liberorum meorum" by  undated charter[652]m secondly (before 29 May 1205) as her second husband, AVELINE de Clare, widow of WILLIAM de Munchensy, daughter of ROGER de Clare Earl of Hertford & his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire (-(-[22 Nov 1220/4 Jun 1225).  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the order dated 23 Dec 1213 under which her son "Guarinus de Munchainesy" paid a fine for "hereditarie" with "W. com Arundell avunculus ipsius Warini" acting as guarantor[653], William Earl of Arundel being the son of the second husband of Warin´s paternal grandmother.  "Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex" donated property to Winchester St Swithin, for the anniversaries of "…Petri de Lutegareshale patris mei…et Mathildis matris mee…et sponsarum mearum Beatricis et Aveline et liberorum meorum" by  undated charter[654].  Earl Geoffrey & his first wife had four children: 

a)         GEOFFREY de Mandeville (-London 23 Feb 1216, bur Trinity Prior within Aldgate).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Galfridus…Willielmus cognomina Mandavilla…et Matildis, Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordić maritata” as children of “domino Galfrido filio Petri” & his wife[655].  He succeeded his father in 1213 as Earl of Essex.  He became Earl of Gloucester on his marriage, by right of his wife.  He supported the barons against King John in 1215, and was excommunicated by the Pope 16 Dec 1215 and his lands given to Savary de Mauleon 20 Dec 1215 or before.  He was mortally wounded at a tournament in London[656]m firstly MATILDA, daughter of ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter, Essex & his first wife Gunnor de Valoignes (-1212, bur Dunmow Priory).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d´Angleterre records that "Joffrois de Mandeville" married "la fille Robiert le fil Gautier"[657]m secondly ([16/26] Jan 1214) as her second husband, ISABEL [Avise] Countess of Gloucester, divorced wife of JOHN King of England, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRobert Earl of Gloucester & his wife Avise de Beaumont ([before 1176]-14 Oct or [18 Nov] 1217, bur Canterbury Cathedral Church).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the second marriage of “Isabellam” and “Galfrido de Mandevile comiti Essexić”, and her third marriage to “Huberto de Burgo justiciario Anglić[658].  She must have been considerably older than her second husband, although his precise birth date is not known.  Her lands and title were confiscated on the death of her second husband.  She married thirdly ([Sep] 1217) as his second wife, Hubert de Burgh, who was created Earl of Kent in 1227.  The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1217 of “Isabel comitissa Gloucestrić[659].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Johannam comitissam Gloucestrić” died “paucos dies” after her marriage to “Hubertus de Burgo justiciarius Anglić” and was buried “apud Cantuarium[660]

b)         WILLIAM de Mandeville (-8 Jan 1227, bur Shouldham Priory).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Galfridus…Willielmus cognomina Mandavilla…et Matildis, Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordić maritata” as children of “domino Galfrido filio Petri” & his wife[661].  He succeeded his brother in 1216 as Earl of Essex, although his lands were not returned to him until 4 Oct 1217[662].  Bracton lists a claim by "Matillis de Say" against "Willelmum de Mandeuilla comitem Essexie", dated 1218, for "medietatem manerii de Plesseto [Essex]…et…Enefend…in Middlesexia…" seised of "Willelmus de Say pater ipsius Matillidis et Beatrice matris ipsius Gaufridi"[663].  The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1227 of "Willelmus de Mandeville comes Essexić"[664].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1228 of “Willielmus Mandeville comes Essex ex parte matris et filius Galfridi Petri” and his burial “apud Soldham[665].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in Jan 1227 of “W. de Mandeville[666]m (before 18 Nov 1220) as her first husband, CHRISTINE, daughter of ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter Essex & his first wife Gunnor de Valoignes (-before 17 Jun 1232, bur Shouldham Priory).  Her older sister had been the first wife of her husband's older brother Geoffrey Earl of Essex.  “Christiana de Maundeville...in mea...viduitate”, as successor of “Roberti de Valoniis avi mei et Roberti filii Walteri patris mei, Gunnore uxoris sue matris mee”, confirmed the donation of revenue from “ecclesia de Baketona in Suffolchia” to Binham priory made by “Robertus filius Walteri pater meus et Gunnora mater mea”, for the souls of “Willelmi de Maundeville comitis Essexie quondam mariti mei...Roberti filii Walteri patris mei et Gunnore uxoris sue matris mee”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Gondreda de Warenne soror mea[667].  She married secondly ([9 Jan/15 May] 1227) Raymond de Burgh of Dartford, Kent.  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hubertus de Burgo…Remundus nepos eius” married “comitissam Essexić” in 1227[668].  "Roger of Dauntsey and Matilda countess of Hereford, sister and heiress of William de Mandeville formerly earl of Essex" made a fine "for Matilda´s relief and for having seisin of the lands formerly of the same W. earl of Essex", saving "to Reymund de Burgh and Christiana his wife, the dower of Christiana…from the lands formerly of William earl of Essex", dated 29 Oct 1227[669].  King Henry III granted "duos damos in foresta de Wauberg" to "Christiane uxori Remundi de Burgo”, dated 1229[670].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Cristiana uxore sua, comitissa Essexić” was buried with her (first) husband “apud Soldham[671]

c)         HENRY FitzGeoffrey (-[5 Aug 1205/before 1227]).  Dean of Wolverhampton 5 Aug 1205[672].  King John made donations to "clerico nostro Henr fil Galf com Essex", including "decanatum de Wlfrumhamton", by charter dated 5 Aug 1205[673]

d)         MATILDA (-27 Aug 1236).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Galfridus…Willielmus cognomina Mandavilla…et Matildis, Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordić maritata” as children of “domino Galfrido filio Petri” & his wife[674].  Henry III King of England ordered custody of "tocius terre que fuit H. comitis Herefordie", except the property of "Matildi comitisse Herefordie…manerio de Wokesie…dotem suam…[et] maritagio suo in manerio de Witehurst" given by "G. filius Petri pater ipsius comitisse…H. comiti Herefordie", dated 26 Jul 1220[675].  She succeeded her brother, William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, in 1227 as Ctss of Essex, suo iure.  "Roger of Dauntsey and Matilda countess of Hereford, sister and heiress of William de Mandeville formerly earl of Essex" made a fine "for Matilda´s relief and for having seisin of the lands formerly of the same W. earl of Essex", saving "to Reymund de Burgh and Christiana his wife, the dower of Christiana…from the lands formerly of William earl of Essex", dated 29 Oct 1227[676].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Gloucestershire, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Comitissa Herford est maritata Rogero de Antesye, nescitur pre quem. Terra eius valet xv.l"[677].  An order dated 22 Feb 1228 records a fine paid by "Rogerus de Antese et Matildis comitissa Herefordie uxor eius" in respect of a debt of "W. comes Essexie frater ipsius comitisse"[678].  Her divorce [from her second husband] by a church council convened at St Alban's, mandated by the Pope, was recorded by Matthew Paris[679].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “comitissa Herfordić” died in 1236[680]m firstly HENRY de Bohun Earl of Hereford, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun, hereditary Constable of England & his wife Margaret of Huntingdon (-1 Jun 1220, bur Llanthony Priory, Gloucester).  m secondly (before 22 Feb 1228, divorced St Alban's 1231 [before 24 Apr 1233], divorce revoked before Jul 1236[681]) ROGER de Daunteseye of Dauntsey, Wiltshire (-after Aug 1238). 

Earl Geoffrey & his second wife had two children: 

e)         JOHN FitzGeoffrey of Shere, Surrey (-1258).  He was not entitled to succeed his half-brother as Earl of Essex in 1227, the earldom having devolved from his father's first wife.  Justiciar of Ireland.  "John Fitz Geoffrey" was appointed justiciary of Ireland by King Henry III by charter dated 4 Nov 1245[682]m as her second husband, ISABEL, widow of GILBERT de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy, daughter of [HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Matilda Marshal of Pembroke].  The sources which report the parentage of the wife of Gilbert de Lacy are conflicting.  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Gilbertus de Lacy” married “Isabellć Mareschal[683], presumably confusing her with Isabel daughter of William Marshal Earl of Pembroke who married firstly Gilbert de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hereford and secondly Richard Earl of Cornwall.  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Isabella soror Johannis" as daughter of ”Rogerus sive Radulphus Bigod, secundus filius Hugonis le Bigod com. Norfolke et Suffolke…” and his wife “Bertam de Fornivale”, adding that she married firstly "Gilberto de Lacy" and secondly "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey"[684].  This must also be incorrect, as any children of Ralph Bigod could not have been born before the late 1220s at the earliest, which is inconsistent with the timing of Isabel´s first marriage.  If Isabel was a member of the Bigod family, she must have been the daughter of Hugh and Matilda Marshal of Pembroke.  This is the solution adopted by the Complete Peerage[685], although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  John FitzGeoffrey & his wife had six children: 

i)          JOHN FitzJohn of Shere (-Lambeth [6 Nov] 1275).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Ricardus le Fitz John, Johannes et Willielmus" as the three sons of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…"[686]m (before 18 Feb 1259) MARGERY Basset, daughter of PHILIP Basset of Wycombe & his first wife Hawise de Louvain (-before 19 Oct 1271). 

ii)         RICHARD FitzJohn of Shere (-1297).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Ricardus le Fitz John, Johannes et Willielmus" as the three sons of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…"[687].  He was summoned to parliament in 1290 whereby he is held to have become Lord FitzJohn.  m as her first husband, EMMA, daughter of --- (-1332).  She married secondly Robert de Mohaut of Mold. 

iii)        WILLIAM FitzJohn .  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Ricardus le Fitz John, Johannes et Willielmus" as the three sons of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…"[688]

iv)       MATILDA (-16/18 Apr 1301, bur 7 May 1301 Worcester, Friars Minor).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Matilda uxor Guidonis comitis Warwici" as the oldest daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…"[689].  "Willelmum de Bello Campo filium Walteri de Bello Campo" granted "manerium suum de Ledecombe" to "Willelmum primogenitum eius et Matildem uxor eius", in exchange for "tenemento in Schirrevelench", by charter dated to [1261/69][690]m firstly GERARD de Furnivalle Lord of Hallamshire (-1261).  m secondly WILLIAM de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, son of WILLIAM [III] de Beauchamp of Elmley, Worcestershire & his wife Isabel Mauduit ([1237/41]-Elmley 5 or 9 Jun 1298, bur 22 Jun 1298 Worcester, Friars Minor). 

v)        AVELINE (-[20 May 1274], bur Dunmow Priory).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the second (unnamed) daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…" married "comiti Ultonić"[691]m WALTER de Burgh Lord of Connaught, son of RICHARD de Burgh Lord of Connaught & his wife Egidia de Lacy of Meath (-Galway Castle 28 Jul 1271).  He was created Earl of Ulster in [1264]. 

vi)       JOAN (-1303).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the third (unnamed) daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…" married "le Botyler Hibernić"[692]m THEOBALD Butler of Thurles, Nenagh, son of THEOBALD Butler & his wife Margaret de Burgh (-1285). 

vii)      ISABEL .  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the fourth (unnamed) daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…" married "domino --- de Westmoreland", adding that they had two daughters "Idonia et Isabella, de quibus una" married "Rogero de Clifford" by whom she had "Robertus de Clifford"[693]m ROBERT de Vespont Lord of Westmoreland (-1264). 

f)          CECILY (-1253).  m SAVARY de Bohun of Midhurst (-1246). 

3.         JULIANA .  Bracton records a claim, dated 1227, by "Stephanus de Bendenges" concerning "tercia parte ville de Hyrteby" which was given to "Juliane avie sue in maritagium" by "Galfridus filius Petri frater ipsius Juliane" and was inherited by "Mauricio patri suo…[et] ipsi Stephano…filio et heredi suo"[694]m STEPHEN de Bendenges, son of ---. 

 

 

 

C.      EARLS of ESSEX 1461-1540 (BOURCHIER)

 

 

According to the Complete Peerage, the name Bourchier is written in so many different ways as to render its etymology very doubtful[695].  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

1.         JOHN Bourchier [Bugchier or Bousser], son of --- (-1329).  Of Stansted, Essex.  m HELEN, daughter and heiress of WALTER of Colchester & his wife ---.  John & his wife had two children:

a)         ROBERT (-[18 May] 1349, bur Halstead, Essex).  Lord Chancellor 14 Dec 1340.  He was summoned to parliament 20 Nov 1348, whereby he is held to have become Lord Bourchier.  He died of the plague[696]m MARGARET Prayers, daughter of Sir THOMAS Prayers of Sible Hedingham, Essex & his wife Anne of Essex.  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN (-21 May 1400).  He succeeded his father in 1349 as Lord Bourchier.  m ELIZABETH Coggeshall, daughter of Sir JOHN Coggeshall & his wife ---.  John & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BARTHOLOMEW (-18 May 1409, bur Halstead, Essex).  He succeeded his father in 1400 as Lord Bourchier.  m firstly (before 5 Jul 1396) as her second husband, MARGARET, widow of Sir JOHN Sutton, daughter of ---.  m secondly as her third husband, IDOINE Lovey, widow firstly of EDMUND Brooksburn and secondly of JOHN Glevant, daughter of --- Lovey & his wife --- (-12 Sep 1410).  Lord Bartholomew & his second wife had one child:

(1)       ELIZABETH ([1399]-1 Jul 1433, bur Westminster Abbey).  She succeeded her father in 1409 as Baroness Bourchier, suo iurem firstly (before Sep 1410) Sir HUGH Stafford, son of --- (-25 Oct 1420).  m secondly Sir LEWIS Robessart (-killed in battle near Amiens 26 Nov 1431, Westminster Abbey). 

ii)         Sir WILLIAM Bourchier (-1375)

-         see below

b)         JOHN

 

 

Sir WILLIAM Bourchier, son of ROBERT Bourchier Lord Bourchier & his wife Margaret Prayers (-1375).  A manuscript calendar records the death “49 Edw 3” of “Dńi Willi de Bourgchier milit[697]

m ELEANOR de Lovayne, daughter of Sir JOHN Lovayne [Louvain] of Little Easton and Broxted, Essex and Bildeston, Suffolk & his second wife Margaret Weston (Little Easton 27 Mar 1345-5 Oct 1397).  A manuscript calendar records the death in 1397 of “Dńe Elionore de Bourgchier[698]

Sir William & his wife had one child: 

1.         Sir WILLIAM Bourchier (-Troyes 28 May 1420, bur Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire).  He was appointed Constable of the Tower of London 26 Nov 1415.  He was created Comte d'Eu 10 Jun 1419.  A manuscript calendar records the death in Jun 1420 of “Dńi de Bourghr[699]m (before 20 Nov 1405) as her third husband, ANNE of Gloucester, widow firstly of THOMAS de Stafford Earl of Stafford and secondly of EDMUND de Stafford Earl of Stafford, daughter of THOMAS "of Woodstock" Duke of Gloucester & his wife Eleanor de Bohun (Apr 1383-16 Oct 1438, bur Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire).  Sir William & his wife had five children:

a)         HENRY (-1483).  He was created Earl of Essex in 1461. 

-        see below

b)         THOMAS ([1405]-1486).  Archbishop of Canterbury.  Cardinal 1464. 

c)         WILLIAM ([1412]-1469).  Lord Fitzwarine.  m firstly (1437) THOMASINE, daughter of RICHARD Hankeford & his wife --- (1423-1453).  m secondly as her second husband, CATHERINE Affeton, widow of HUGH Stukeley, daughter of JOHN Affeton & his wife ---.  Ancestors of LORDS FITZWARINE. 

d)         JOHN ([1415]-1474).  Baron Berners 1455.  m as her second husband, MARJORIE Berners, widow of JOHN Ferreby, daughter of Sir RICHARD Berners & his wife --- (-1475).  Ancestors of LORDS BERNERS. 

e)         ELEANOR ([1417]-Nov 1474, bur Thetford)m (1424) JOHN Mowbray, son of JOHN Mowbray Earl of Norfolk & his wife Katherine Neville (12 Sep 1415-6 Nov 1461, bur Thetford).  He succeeded his father in 1432 as Duke of Norfolk

 

 

HENRY Bourchier, son of Sir WILLIAM Bourchier Comte d'Eu & his wife Anne of Gloucester ([1409]-4 Apr 1483, bur Beeleigh Abbey, Maldon, Essex, later transferred to Little Easton Church, Essex).  He succeeded his father in 1420 as Comte d'Eu.  He was created Viscount Bourchier [before 14 Dec 1446].  Treasurer of England May 1455-Oct 1456, 10 Jul 1460-Apr 1462, and from Apr 1471 until his death.  Created Earl of Essex 30 Jun 1461.  A manuscript calendar records the death “II Non Apr” in 1483 of “dńi Henrici Bourgchr Comitis Essex[700]

m (before 25 Apr 1426) as her second husband, ISABEL of York, daughter of RICHARD of York Earl of Cambridge & his first wife Anne Mortimer (1409-2 Oct 1484, bur Beeleigh Abbey, Maldon, Essex, later transferred to Little Easton Church, Essex).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Elizabeth Countess of Essex" as daughter of "Anne Countess of Cambridge" and mother of "William Lord Bouchier"[701].  A manuscript calendar records the death “VI Non Oct” in 1484 of “dńe Isabelle Comitisse Essex´, consortis Henrici Bourgchier, Comitis Essex[702]

Henry & his wife had ten children: 

1.         WILLIAM Bourchier (-killed in battle Barnet 14 Apr 1471[703]).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Elizabeth Countess of Essex" as daughter of "Anne Countess of Cambridge" and mother of "William Lord Bouchier"[704].  He was styled Viscount Bourchier.  [705]Maybe m firstly ISABEL de Vere, daughter of JOHN de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Elizabeth Howard .  m [secondly] (before 15 Aug 1467) as her first husband, ANNE Wydeville, daughter of RICHARD Wydeville Earl Rivers & his wife Jacquette de Luxembourg ([1438]-30 Jul 1489).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Anne Lady Bouchier" as daughter of "Richard Earl Rivers" and mother of "Henry Earl of Essex" and of "Lady Ferrers of Chartley"[706].  She married secondly Sir Edward Wingfield, and thirdly (before 26 Jun 1480) as his first wife, George Grey Earl of Kent.  William & his wife had three children: 

a)         CECILY (-[9 Feb/9 Jun] 1493, bur London St Michael Paternoster Royal).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Anne Lady Bouchier" as daughter of "Richard Earl Rivers" and mother of "Henry Earl of Essex" and of "Lady Ferrers of Chartley"[707]m JOHN Devereux Lord Ferrers of Chartley, son of Sir WALTER Devereux of Weobley and Bodenham, Herefordshire Lord Ferrers & his first wife Anne de Ferrers of Chartley (1464-3 or 7 May 1501). 

b)         ISABEL

c)         HENRY ([posthumously][708] [1471/72]-Baas Manor, Broxbourne 13 Mar 1540, bur Little Easton, Essex).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Anne Lady Bouchier" as daughter of "Richard Earl Rivers" and mother of "Henry Earl of Essex" and of "Lady Ferrers of Chartley"[709].  He succeeded his paternal grandfather in 1483 as Earl of Essex.  He died having broken his neck by a fall from a German horse[710]m ([1498]) MARY Say, daughter and co-heiress of Sir WILLIAM Say of Broxbourne and Essenden, Hertfordshire & his second wife Elizabeth Fray (-after 5 Jun 1535).  Henry & his wife had one child: 

i)          ANNE (-26 Jan 1571).  She succeeded her father in 1540 as Baroness Bourchier, suo iurem (9 Feb 1527, repudiated 1543, confirmed by Act of Parliament 17 Apr 1543[711], annulled 1552) as his first wife, WILLIAM Parr, son of Sir THOMAS Parr of Kendal, Westmoreland & his wife Matilda Green of Green´s Norton, Northamptonshire ([1511/12]-Warwick 28 Oct 1570, bur Warwick St Mary´s).  He was created Baron Parr of Kendal in 1539, Earl of Essex in 1543 and Marquess of Northampton in 1547 and 1559.  Baroness Anne had one illegitimate daughter by an unknown father:

(a)        MARIEm THOMAS York, son of ---. 

2.         Sir HENRY (-Aug 1458).  Lord Scales.  A manuscript calendar records the death “II Id Aug” in 1458 of “Henrici Bourgchier, filii dńe Isabelle, Comitisse Essex´ et Sororis Rici Ducis Ebor[712]m as her first husband, ELIZABETH Scales, daughter of THOMAS Scales Lord Scales & his wife Esmania Whalesburgh of Cornwall ([1446]-2 Sep 1473).  She succeeded her father in 1460 as Baroness Scales de suo iure.  She married secondly (before 23 Jul 1461) Sir Anthony Wydeville, who succeeded as Lord Scales and later as Earl Rivers. 

3.         Sir HUMPHREY (-killed in battle Barnet 14 Apr 1471, bur Westminster Abbey).  Lord Cromwell.  m (1456) as her first husband, JOAN Stanhope, daughter of Sir RICHARD Stanhope of Rampton & his second wife Matilda Cromwell (-10 Mar 1490, bur Tattershall).  She married secondly Sir Robert Radclyffe of Hunstanton, Norfolk. 

4.         Sir JOHN (-[4 Jun/3 Nov] 1495, bur Stebbing, [transferred to Beeleigh Abbey]).  m firstly (before 2 May 1462) as her second husband, ELIZABETH Lady Ferrers of Groby, widow of Sir EDWARD Grey of Ruthin, daughter of Sir HENRY Ferrers & his wife --- ([1419]-23 Jan 1483 or before).  m secondly (before 6 Jul 1490) as her third husband, ELIZABETH Chichele, widow firstly of JOHN Kerielle of Stockbury, Kent and secondly of Sir RALPH Assheton of Kingsnorth and Cheriton, Kent, daughter of JOHN Chichele of Wimpole, Cambridgeshire & his wife Margery Knolles (-2 Apr 1499). 

5.         Sir THOMAS (-26 Oct 1491, bur Ware, Hampshire).  m firstly (1472 or before) as her second husband, ISABEL Barre, widow of HUMPHREY Stafford Earl of Devon, daughter of Sir JOHN Barre of Knebsworth, Hertfordshire & his first wife Idoine Hotoft (-1 Mar 1489).  A manuscript calendar records the death 1 Mar 1489 of “Isabella Barre, nup Comitissa Devon ac nup concors Thome Bourgchier senioris militis, unius filios Henr´ nup Comitis Essex[713]m secondly as her second husband, ANNE Andrews, widow of JOHN Sulyard, daughter of JOHN Andrews & his wife --- (-after 1519).  Thomas & his first wife had two children: 

a)         JOANNA Bourchier (18 Mar [1474]-).  A manuscript calendar records the birth 18 Mar 1474 of “Johanna Bourgchier, filia Thome Bourgchier Militis et Isabelle consorte sue, Comitisse Devon[714], although the year in this entry or in the entry relating to Thomas´s daughter Isabel must be incorrect. 

b)         ISABEL Bourchier (14 Apr [1474]-young).  A manuscript calendar records the birth 14 Apr 1474 of “Isabella Bourgchier, filia Thome Bourgchier Milite et Isabelle consorte sue, Comitisse Devon[715], although the year in this entry or in the entry relating to Thomas´s daughter Joanna must be incorrect. 

6.         ISABEL (-1489). 

7.         EDWARD (-killed in battle Wakefield 30 Dec 1460).  A manuscript calendar records the death “III Kal Jan” in 1460 of “Rici Ducis Ebor” and “Edwardus Bourgchier, filius dńe Isabelle, Comitisse Essex´, et sororis eiusd´ Ducis” on the same day[716]

8.         FULK (-young). 

9.         HUGH (-young). 

10.      FLORENCE (-[1525/26]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    HERTFORD

 

 

 

A.      EARLS of HERTFORD [1138]-1230 (CLARE)

 

 

RICHARD FitzGilbert  de Clare, son of GILBERT FitzRichard de Clare Lord of Clare & his [first/second wife] [---/Adelisa de Clermont] (-killed in battle near Abergavenny 15 Apr 1136, bur Gloucester[717]).  Guillaume de Jumičges names "Richardum qui ei successit et Gislebertum et Walterium et unam filiam...Rohais” as the children of “Gislebertus ex filia comitis de Claromonte[718].  The Liber Vitć of Thorney abbey lists "…Gilebt fili[us] Ricardi, Ricard fili[us] eius…Aaliz uxor Gilbti filii Ricardi, Comes Gilbt, Galteri…filii sui…"[719].  The differentiation between "eius" and "sui" in the two parts of this text suggests that Richard may have been born from an earlier marriage of his father, otherwise unrecorded, although it is true that the passage as a whole appears to be designed as a list of Adelisa´s relatives and household.  "Comes Ricardus filius comitis Gisleberti" confirmed donations of property to Saint-Victor-en-Caux by "Radulfus de Vuaterivilla et Ansuuidus apud Bosunvillam", with the consent of "Rogerii filii Ricardi et comitis Gisleberti patris mei", by undated charter (a copy of which is attached to a late-12th century transcription of a charter under which Hugh de Mortimer confirmed donations to the monastery), witnessed by "Herveio de Monte Morenci…"[720].  He succeeded his father as Lord of Clare.  Guillaume de Jumičges records that "Richardum”, son of “Gislebertus ex filia comitis de Claromonte”, died “immatura...peremptus a Wallensibus[721].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1136 of "Ricardus filius Gisleberti"[722].  The Annales Cambrić record that "Richardus filius Gilberti" was killed in 1136 "a Morgano filio Owyni"[723]

m ALICE of Chester, daughter of RANULF Vicomte du Bessin "le Meschin" & his wife Lucy --- .  Guillaume de Jumičges records that "Richardum”, son of “Gislebertus ex filia comitis de Claromonte”, married “sororem comitis Rannulfi junioris comitis Cestrić” by whom he had “tres filios Gislebertum qui ei successit et fratres eius[724].  The History of Gloucester St Peter records the confirmation by "Ranulphus comes Cestrić" of the donation of "molendinum de Taddewelle" by "Alicia soror eius" for the soul of "Ricardi filii Gilberti viri sui" (undated)[725].  “Rics filius Gilebi” donated lands in Hawkedon, Suffolk to the abbey of St Edmunds, with the consent of “Rogs…filius me…et coiux mea Xpiana”, by undated charter[726].  This charter is attributed to Richard FitzGilbert in Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica and dated to 1154, which must be incorrect in view of Richard´s recorded death in 1136.  The reference to his wife´s name as Christiana cannot be explained.  It does not appear that Richard married twice, assuming that the sources quoted here are accurate.  The extract from the History of Gloucester St Peter suggests that his wife “Alice of Chester” survived her husband, while the St Edmunds charter shows that “Christiana” was alive after Richard´s son Roger was old enough to consent to the donation.  She was rescued from the Welsh by Miles of Gloucester[727].  A charter of Henry Duke of Normandy dated [1153/early Apr 1154] relates to donations to Gloucester by "Ranulphi comitis Cestrie…[et] Alis sororis eiusdem comitis" for the soul of "Ricardi filii Gilberti viri sui""[728].  It is not clear from the document how long before the date of the charter these donations were made. 

Richard & his wife had [ten] children: 

1.         GILBERT (-[1152/53], bur Clare Priory).  Guillaume de Jumičges records that "Richardum”, son of “Gislebertus ex filia comitis de Claromonte”, married “sororem comitis Rannulfi junioris comitis Cestrić” by whom he had “tres filios Gislebertum qui ei successit et fratres eius[729].  He was created Earl of Hertford in [1138].  Ralph de Diceto´s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record that King Stephen held “in curia sua Ranulfum Cestrensem comitem” but freed him when “Gilbertum comitem de Clare filium sororis suć” was given as a hostage[730].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record that “comes de Clare” died in 1153[731].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1153 of "Gislebertus filius Ricardi" and his burial "apud Claram"[732]

2.         ROGER (-1173).  Robert of Torigny records that "Rogerius frater eius" succeeded on the death in 1153 of "Gislebertus filius Ricardi"[733].  He succeeded his brother in 1153 as Earl of Hertford

-        see below

3.         GODFREY de Clare (-young, bur Stoke-by-Clare Priory).  "Godefrid de Clare", son of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare, is noted in Domesday Descendants "apparently died young and…buried at Stoke-by-Clare priory"[734]

4.         [ADELISA de Tonbridge (-before 1166).  “Mathildis de Percy comitissa de Warwic, filia Willielmi de Perci” donated property to Sawley abbey, for the souls of “…patris mei Willielmi de Percy et Adalidis de Tunbrige matris meć…”, by undated charter[735].  The reference to Tonbridge suggests that she may have been a member of the Clare family.  If this is correct, the chronology suggests that she would have been the daughter of Richard FitzGilbert.  “Willielmus de Percy” donated property to Sawley abbey, with the consent of “Adelidć uxoris meć et Alani hćredis mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Roberto de Percy…[736]m as his first wife, WILLIAM de Percy, son of ALAN de Percy & his wife Emma de Gant (-[1174/75]).] 

5.         RICHARD (-1190).  "Robertus [error for Rogerius] de Clare comes Herefordić" donated revenue "in Standona" to Ramsey by undated charter witnessed by "Ricardo de Clare fratre comitis…"[737].  [m as her first husband, ALINE Lady of Sampford, daughter and heiress of GEOFFREY FitzBaldwin & his wife Alice ---.  She married secondly Hugh de Clohale.  Domesday Descendants says that Richard son of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare was probably "the Richard de Clare who was the first husband of Alina lady of Sampford, daughter and heiress of Geoffrey fitz Baldwin"[738].] 

6.         ROHESE de Clare .  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Gilbertus”, son of “Walterus”, married “Roesiam comitissam Lincolnić”, adding that she married secondly "Roberto dapifero" by whom she was mother of "Roesia de Bulington nupta Simoni de Kyma"[739]m firstly GILBERT de Gand Earl of Lincoln, son of WALTER de Gand & his wife Matilda de Penthičvre [Bretagne] (Bridlington [1120]-1156, bur [Bridlington Priory]).  m secondly ([1157/63][740]) ROBERT FitzRobert, son of ROBERT FitzFulk & his wife ---. 

7.         AGNES de Clare .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1184/85] under which “Aliz de Gant comitissa filia Gilberti de Gant” confirmed land held by his ancestors in Barton (upon-Humber) to “Roberto Scrop de Barton, filio Ricardi Scrop et filio Agnetis matertere mee[741]m RICHARD Scrope of Barton, Lincolnshire, son of --- (-before 1166). 

8.         ALICE de Clare .  Domesday Descendants notes her parentage and marriage but does not cite the corresponding primary source[742]m CADWALADR ap Gruffydd of Gwynedd, son of GRUFFYDD ap Cynan King of Gwynedd & his wife Angharad of Deheubarth (-Mar 1172). 

9.         [LUCY de Clare (-after 1155).  Domesday Descendants cites a charter under which “Lucy” donated property to Stoke-by-Clare priory for the souls of her husband Earl Baldwin and Earl Gilbert, endorsed “Carta de comitissa de Clara”, suggesting her marriage and parentage as shown here[743]m as his second wife, BALDWIN de Reviers Earl of Devon, son of RICHARD Seigneur de Reviers & his wife Adelise Peverel (-4 Jun 1155, bur Quarr Abbey).] 

10.      [MABEL ([1125]-after 1185).  Domesday Descendants notes that Mabel was the daughter of Roger de Clare Earl of Hertford[744].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that "Mabilia de Heliun…est lx annorum…filia Rogeri filii Ricardi" and names her heir "Robertus de Heliun"[745].  Her age shown in this source appears consistent with other information relating to the chronology of her descendants, which is noted in Domesday Descendants[746].  However, it is unlikely that a daughter of Roger de Clare Earl of Hertford could have been born in [1125].  If Mabel was related to the Clare Earls of Hertford, from a chronological point of view it is much more likely that she was the daughter of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare Earl of Hertford, indicating an error in the Rotuli Dominabus or that "Rogeri filii Ricardi" was did not in fact belong to the Clare family.  m WILLIAM de Helion of Helions Bumpstead, son of --- (-before 1159).] 

 

 

ROGER de Clare, son of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare Lord of Clare & his wife Agnes [Alicia] of Chester (-1173).  Robert of Torigny records that "Rogerius frater eius" succeeded on the death in 1153 of "Gislebertus filius Ricardi"[747].  He succeeded his brother in 1153 as Earl of Hertford.  A charter in the Stoke-by-Clare Priory Cartulary includes the reference "Rogerus coms Clar’ Aelicie de Clermunt ave sue..."[748].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Rogerius comes de Clara"[749]

m as her first husband, MATILDA de Saint-Hilaire, daughter of JAMES de Saint-Hilaire of Field Dalling, Norfolk & his wife Aveline ---.  She married secondly William de Albini, later Earl of Arundel.  Robert of Torigny records that "Willermus de Albineio…comitem d'Arundel…[filium] Guillermum de Albineio primogenito" and "relictam Rogerii comitis de Clara filiam Jacobi de Sancto Hilario"[750].  Her name is confirmed by the undated charter which records that “Wilielmus comes Sussexić” confirmed donations to Boxgrove Priory by his predecessors “Rogerus de Albineio, et Willelmus Pincerna…et Willielmi patris mei filii reginć Aeliz, et Matildis matris meć[751]

Roger & his wife had four children: 

1.         RICHARD (-[30 Oct/28 Nov] 1217, bur Clare).  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Rogerius comes de Clara" and the succession of "Ricardus filius eius"[752].  He succeeded his father as 3rd Earl of Hertford.  He sided with the Barons against King John, and played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta.  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the death in 1206 of “Ricardo de Clare” and his burial “apud Clare[753]m ([1180], divorced before 1200) AMICE of Gloucester, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRobert Earl of Gloucester & his wife Hawise de Beaumont (-1 Jan 1225).  An anonymous continuation of the Chronicle of Robert of Mont-Saint-Michel records (in order) "Comitissa Ebroicensis…uxor Guillelmi Comitis de Clara, tertia…in manu Dei et domini Regis" as the three daughters left by "Guillelmus Comes Glocestrić" when he died[754].  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Mabiliam comiti de Evereis in Normannia nuptam…Amiciam…Isabellam” as the three daughters of “comes Willielmus” and his wife, adding that Amice married “domino Richardo de Clare comiti de Hertford[755].  Benedict of Peterborough records "uxori comitis de Clara" as "Willelmus filius Roberti filii regis Henrici primi comes Gloucestrić…filiam ipsius comitis"[756].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Rogerius comes de Clara" and the succession of "Ricardus filius eius", recording that the latter was married to "filiam Guillermi comitis Gloecestrić"[757].  In another passage, Robert of Torigny records the death in 1183 of "Guillermus comes Gloecestrić" leaving three daughters as his heirs, of whom one (mentioned second) was "uxor Guillermi comitis de Clara"[758].  She was recognised as Ctss of Gloucester in her own right after [1210], following the death of her nephew Amaury [VI] de Montfort Comte d’Evreux.  Richard & his wife had three children: 

a)         GILBERT de Clare ([1180]-1230).  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Gilberto” as son of “Amiciam, Ricardo de Clare nuptam” and his succession as Earl of Gloucester[759].  He succeeded his father as 4th Earl of Hertford, and his mother as Earl of Gloucester. 

-        EARLS of GLOUCESTER

b)         RICHARD de Clare (-killed London 4 May 1228).  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1228 of “Ricardus de Clare frater ¨Gileberto de Clare comiti Glocestrić]” killed “apud Lundoniam die Ascensionis[760]

c)         MATILDA [Joan] de Clare ([1185/90]-).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   Her birth date range is estimated from her having had at least one child by her first marriage and at least three by her second.  The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "Rhys the Hoarse married the daughter of the earl of Clare" in 1219[761]m firstly WILLIAM de Briouse, son of WILLIAM de Briouse & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Valéry Dame de la Haie (-Corfe 1210).  m secondly (1219) as his second wife, RHYS ap Rhys "Gryg/the Hoarse", son of RHYS ap Gruffydd & his wife Gwenllian of Powys (-Llandeilo 1234, bur St David´s). 

2.         JAMES .  Domesday Descendants notes that he was named by his mother in her charter for St Andrew's Northampton[762]

3.         MATILDA (-bur Stanlow Priory).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Matildam de Clare sororem thesaurarii Eborum ecclesie” as wife of Roger, son of John Constable of Chester, adding that she was buried “in choro monachorum de Stanlaw” with her husband[763]m ROGER FitzJohn de Lacy, son of JOHN FitzRobert Constable of Chester & his wife Alice --- (-1211, bur Stanlow Priory). 

4.         AVELINE (-[22 Nov 1220/4 Jun 1225]).  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the order dated 23 Dec 1213 under which her son "Guarinus de Munchainesy" paid a fine for "hereditarie" with "W. com Arundell avunculus ipsius Warini" acting as guarantor[764], William Earl of Arundel being the son of the second husband of Warin´s paternal grandmother.  King John confirmed "custodiam terre et heredum Willelmi de Mutkanes" to "Willelmo com Arundell", as well as "maritagium Aveline que fuit uxor ipsius Willelmi", by charter dated 7 May 1204[765].  "Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex" donated property to Winchester St Swithin, for the anniversaries of "…Petri de Lutegareshale patris mei…et Mathildis matris mee…et sponsarum mearum Beatricis et Aveline et liberorum meorum" by  undated charter[766]m firstly WILLIAM de Munchensy, son of WARIN de Munchensy & his wife (-before 7 May 1204).  m secondly (before 29 May 1205) as his second wife, GEOFFREY FitzPiers Earl of Essex, son of PIERS de Lutegareshale & his wife Matilda --- (-14 Oct 1213, bur Shouldham Priory). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    LINCOLN

 

 

The earldom of Lincoln was first granted in [1139] to William d'Aubigny, second husband of Queen Adelisa, later created Earl of Arundel.  William de Roumare, who held estates in the county, rebelled, eventually captured King Stephen at Lincoln and seems to have forced his own creation as Earl of Lincoln from the king in [1141].  This earldom became extinct on the death, without issue, of William de Roumare Earl of Lincoln in [1198].  Curiously, King Stephen also created Gilbert de Gand Earl of Lincoln in [1147/48].  John de Lacy was created Earl of Lincoln by King Henry III in 1232.  On the death of Alice de Lacy Ctss of Lincoln in 1348, the earldom became extinct.  It was granted again in 1349 to Henry Earl of Lancaster, who was the younger brother of Thomas Earl of Lancaster who had been Ctss Alice's first husband.  The earldom was eventually inherited by Henry "of Bolingbroke" Earl of Derby, son of John "of Gaunt" Duke of Lancaster, and was merged with the crown when he succeeded in 1400 as Henry IV King of England.  It was granted once more in 1467 to John de la Pole, son and heir of John de la Pole Duke of Suffolk but became extinct again on his death without issue in 1487. 

 

 

 

A.      EARLS of LINCOLN 1141-1198 (ROUMARE)

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         GEROLD (-after Apr 1067).  According to the Book of Lacock, “Geroldum comitem de Rosmar, Mantelec” was the son of “Walterus le Ewrus, comes de Rosmar”, and brother of “Edwardum…vicecomitem Wiltes” (ancestor of the earls of Salisbury)[767].  The Complete Peerage describes this supposed father as “a fictitious person[768].  Châtelain de Neufmarché.  Orderic Vitalis records that Guillaume Duke of Normandy expelled "Belvacenses" from "castrum…Novus-Mercatus" and granted it to "Geroldo dapifero", dated to [1061/66][769].  A charter of Henry V King of England records donations to Saint-Amand de Rouen including the donations by "Giroldus miles Christi" of "ecclesiam de Rolmare", with the consent of William I King of England, for the soul of "Emicić uxoris meć", witnessed by "Osbernus de Novoforo"[770].  "Geroud" donated the church of Roumare to the abbey of Saint-Amand Rouen, with the consent of "Robert his son and heir", for the soul of "his wife Albereda who died XII Kal Jun", by charter dated to [before Aug 1067], witnessed by "…Radulfus frater Geroudi, Hugo broc, Osbertus de Novoforo, Hugo filius Baudrici, Rogerus de Monte goimerico…"[771].  "…Gerald de Neufmarché…" witnessed the charter dated Apr 1067 under which William I King of England donated the church of Saint-Jacques de Beuvron to Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire[772]m AUBREYE, daughter of --- (-21 May ----).  "Geroud" donated the church of Roumare to the abbey of Saint-Amand Rouen, with the consent of "Robert his son and heir", for the soul of "his wife Albereda who died XII Kal Jun", by charter dated to [before Aug 1067], witnessed by "…Radulfus frater Geroudi…"[773].  Gerold & his wife had three children:

a)         ROBERT (-after 1096).  "Geroud" donated the church of Roumare to the abbey of Saint-Amand Rouen, with the consent of "Robert his son and heir", for the soul of "his wife Albereda who died XII Kal Jun", by charter dated to [before Aug 1067], witnessed by "…Radulfus frater Geroudi…"[774].  His charter to Le Bec was witnessed by his brother Roger.  He held Corfe and other estates in 1086[775]

b)         ROGER FitzGerold (-before 1098).  Châtelain de Neufmarché.  “R filius Geroldi” donated property to St Mary´s, York by charter dated to [1094/98], witnessed by “L. sua uxor et suus frater Wido…[776]

-        see below

c)         GUY .  “R filius Geroldi” donated property to St Mary´s, York by charter dated to [1094/98], witnessed by “L. sua uxor et suus frater Wido…[777]

2.         RAOUL .  "Geroud" donated the church of Roumare to the abbey of Saint-Amand Rouen, with the consent of "Robert his son and heir", for the soul of "his wife Albereda who died XII Kal Jun", by charter dated to [before Aug 1067], witnessed by "…Radulfus frater Geroudi…"[778]

 

 

ROGER FitzGerold, son of GEROLD & his wife Aubreye --- (-before 1098).  Châtelain de Neufmarché.  “R filius Geroldi” donated property to St Mary´s, York by charter dated to [1094/98], witnessed by “L. sua uxor et suus frater Wido…[779]

m (after 1094) as her second husband, LUCY, widow of IVO Taillebois Lord of Kendal, daughter of --- & his wife [--- Malet] (-1138).  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that William I King of England arranged the marriage of "Ivo Taillebois" and "Lucia sister of Edwin and Morcar", her dowry consisting of their land at Hoyland[780], but this parentage appears impossible from a chronological point of view.  Peter of Blois's Continuation of the Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records the death of Ivo and his burial at the priory of Spalding, that their only daughter "who had been married to a husband of noble rank" had predeceased her father, and the remarriage of his widow "hardly had one month elapsed after his death" with "Roger de Romar the son Gerald de Romar"[781].  A manuscript recording the foundation of Spalding monastery records that “Yvo Talboys” married "Thoroldo…hćrede Lucia" who, after the death of Ivo, married (in turn) "Rogerum filium Geroldi" and "comitem Cestrić Ranulphum"[782].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "his wife the lady Lucia" married "Roger de Romar the son of Gerald de Romar" when "hardly had one month elapsed after the death" of her first husband "Ivo Taillebois"[783].  “R filius Geroldi” donated property to St Mary´s, York by charter dated to [1094/98], witnessed by “L. sua uxor et suus frater Wido…[784].  She married thirdly (1098) Ranulf "Meschin" Earl of Chester.  She is named as wife of Ranulf by Orderic Vitalis, who also names her first husband, but does not give her origin[785].  According to a charter of Henri Duke of Normandy (later Henry II King of England) to her son Ranulf Earl of Chester dated 1153, Ctss Lucy was the niece of Robert Malet of Eye and of Alan of Lincoln, as well as kinswoman of Thorold "the Sheriff"[786]

Roger FitzGerold & his wife had two children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Roumare ([1096]-31 May before 1161, bur Revesby).  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Willielmum postea comitem de terris paternis et Lincoln comitatus” as son of “Rogero filio Geroldi Romara” and his wife Lucy[787].  Seigneur de Roumare, near Rouen.  Châtelain de Neufmarché[788].  Orderic Vitalis records that he disembarked before the sailing of the White Ship in Nov 1120, realising that "there was too great a crowd of wild and headstrong young men on board"[789].  He rebelled against Henry I King of England in Sep 1123, after being refused the restoration of his mother's lands which his stepfather had given to the king in exchange for the earldom of Chester[790].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Roumara" in Wiltshire (two entries)[791].  He appears to have been created Earl of Cambridge in [1138] by King Stephen[792].  He opposed the grant of the earldom of Lincoln to William d'Aubigny, having inherited estates in the county from his mother.  He and his half-brother Ranulf "de Gernon" Earl of Chester seized Lincoln castle in Dec 1140, and after combining forces with Robert Earl of Gloucester captured the king 2 Feb 1141.  After the king was released, he created Earl of Lincoln in [1141].  “Willelmus de Roumara comes Lincolnić” made a grant to Beverley, with the consent of “Hadewysa comitissa uxore mea et Willelmo filio meo et herede”, by charter dated to [1144/46][793].  “Willielmus de Romara comes de Lincolnia et Willielmus filius eius et Hawdewissa comitissa uxor eius” founded Revesby abbey by undated charter[794].  "…Willelmo de Rolmare conestabuli…" witnessed the charter dated to [Sep 1151/Jan 1153] under which "Henricus dux Norm et comes Andeg" confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Fontenay at the request of "Jordani Taxonis"[795].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmi de Romara" in Hampshire in [1158/59][796].  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery records that he was buried at Revesby where he had become a monk before he died[797]The necrology of the monastery of Ouche records the death "31 May" of "Willelmus comes de Romara, fundator prioratus de Novo Mercato"[798]m HAWISE de Reviers, daughter of RICHARD Seigneur de Reviers & his wife Adelise Peverel of Nottingham (-after 1161).  “Willielmus de Romara comes de Lincolnia et Willielmus filius eius et Hawdewissa comitissa uxor eius” founded Revesby abbey by undated charter[799].  A manuscript detailing the descendants of the founders of Twinham Priory names “Hadwysam de Rumara comitissam Lincolnić” as daughter of “Ricardus de Radvers comes Devonić…ex Adeliza comitissa uxore sua[800], although other sources do not show that her father bore the comital title.  “Willelmus de Roumara comes Lincolnić” made a grant to Beverley, with the consent of “Hadewysa comitissa uxore mea et Willelmo filio meo et herede”, by charter dated to [1144/46][801].  Earl William & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Roumare "Hélie"[802] (-[12 Sep] 1151, bur [Revesby]).  “Willelmus de Roumara comes Lincolnić” made a grant to Beverley, with the consent of “Hadewysa comitissa uxore mea et Willelmo filio meo et herede”, by charter dated to [1144/46][803].  “Willielmus de Romara comes de Lincolnia et Willielmus filius eius et Hawdewissa comitissa uxor eius” founded Revesby abbey by undated charter[804].  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Willielmum de Romara” as son of “Willielmum postea comitem de terris paternis et Lincoln comitatus”, specifying that he predeceased his father and was buried “apud Revesby[805].  [The necrology of the monastery of Ouche records the death "12 Sep" of "Willelmus de Romara"[806].]  m (after 1143) as her first husband, AGNES d'Aumâle, daughter of ETIENNE de Blois Comte d'Aumâle & his wife Hawise de Mortimer.  A manuscript history of the foundation of Melsa Abbey records that “Willielmus” had “sorores quatuor, filias Stephani” who married “una…vicedomino de Pynkeney, altera…vicedomino de Verberay, tertia…Bertanno de Brikebet, quarta Willielmo de Romare et postea Petro de Brus[807].  She married secondly (after 1151) Peter [I] de Brus.  William & his wife had three children: 

i)          WILLIAM (-[1198], bur [Revesby]).  He succeeded his paternal grandfather in [1160] as Earl of Lincoln, as a minor probably until 1166[808].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Willelmus de Romara" with 14 knights "in Romeis apud Novum Mercatum" and seven other knights[809].  “Willielmus de Roumara nepos Willielmi comitis et hćres eius” confirmed donations to Revesby abbey, founded by “avus meus”, by charter dated 1 Apr 1172[810].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus de Roumara" paying "xxix l xii s vi d, lvii milites et quartam" in Lincolnshire[811].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus de Romare" paying "lix l xv s" in Lincolnshire[812]m firstly ALICE, daughter of ---.  She is named as William's wife in a charter to Spalding[813]m secondly as her first husband, PHILIPPA d'Alençon, daughter of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix de Maine [Anjou] (-before [1220]).  She married secondly Guillaume [III] Malet de Graville, and thirdly (before Oct 1215) as his [first] wife, Guillaume de Préaux

ii)         ROBERT .  "Willelmo de Roumara, Roberto fratre eius…" witnessed the charter, dated to the reign of King Henry II, under which "Matheus de Beningworde" acknowledged a donation of property by "Rogero de Benigworde fratre meo"[814].    

iii)        ROGER .  Domesday Descendants notes "Roger de Romara, son of William de Romara and grandson of William I de Romara earl of Lincoln"[815].  

2.         ROGER ([1097]-).  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Rogeri de Romara” as brother of “Willielmum postea comitem de terris paternis et Lincoln comitatus”, specifying that he founded “Revesby[816]

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of LINCOLN 1147/1148 (GAND)

 

 

WALTER van Gent, son of GILBERT van Gent Lord of Folkingham & his wife Alice de Montfort-sur-Risle (-1139, bur Bardney Abbey).  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey names “Giselbrictum et Walterum” as children of ”Gislebrictus de Gaunt” & his wife[817].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family names “Walterum et Robertum” as sons of “Giselbertus de Gaunt…[et] uxorem Aliciam de Montfort[818].  ”Walterus de Gant, filius et hćres Gisilberti de Gant” restored Bardney Abbey in 1115, witnessed by “Roberto de ---, Willielmo nepote meo constabulario Cestrić, Willielmo de Mandevill…[819].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Walts de Gant" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[820].  "Walter de Gaunt" donated the phylactery which "Baldwin sororius suus sent him from Jerusalem" to Bridlington Priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Matilda his wife"[821].  "Walter de Gaunt" founded Bridlington priory, with the assent of Henry I King of England, by undated charter, witnessed by "Alan de Percy, Eustace FitzJohn, Jordan Paganel…Walter de Percy…"[822].  A charter of Edward II King of England confirmed donations to Bridlington priory, including by "Walter de Ganto" of "land in Brenlintona"[823].  He became a monk at Bardney Abbey. 

m MATHILDE de Penthičvre, daughter of ETIENNE de Bretagne Comte de Penthičvre & his wife Havise de Guingamp.  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Walterus”, son of “Giselbertus de Gaunt”, married “Matildam filiam comitis Stephani Britannić”, bringing “Swaldale” as dowry[824].  “Matildis filia consulis Stephani Britannić, uxor Walteri de Gaunt” donated property to Bridlington Priory by undated charter[825]

Walter & his wife had [seven] children: 

1.         GILBERT de Gand (Bridlington [1120]-1156, bur [Bridlington Priory]).  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey names “Gilebertum…et Robertum fratrem eius” as sons of ”Walterus”, adding that Gilbert was Earl of Lincoln[826].  He was created Earl of Lincoln by King Stephen in 1147/48.  "Gilbert Earl of Lincoln" donated "land in Spetona" to Bridlington Priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Geoffrey de Gaunt, Robert de Gaunt, Philip de Kyma dapifero…"[827].  “Gilbertus comes Lincolnie” chose his burial in the church of St Mary, Bridlington by charter dated to [1150/56], witnessed by “Gaufrido fratre meo…[828].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1156 of "Gislebertus de Gant"[829]m as her first husband, ROHESE de Clare, daughter of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare & his wife Agnes [Alicia] of Chester.  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Gilbertus”, son of “Walterus”, married “Roesiam comitissam Lincolnić”, adding that she married secondly "Roberto dapifero" by whom she was mother of "Roesia de Bulington nupta Simoni de Kyma"[830].  She married secondly ([1157/63]) Robert FitzRobert.  Gilbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALICE de Gand (-1185, bur Bridlington).  Robert of Torigny records that "filiam eius unicam [Gisleberti de Gant]" married "Symon iuvenis filius comitis Symonis"[831].  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey names “Aliciam” as the daughter of ”Gilbertus”, adding that she married “Simon de Monteforti comes Noramtonić[832].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family names “Aliciam” as the daughter of “Gilbertus”, adding that she married “Simoni de sancto Licio, comiti Huntingtonić et Northamptonić”, died childless, and was buried “apud Bredlinton[833].  "A. comitissa Norhamtunie filia Gilleberti comes Lincolnie" confirmed the donation of land in Scampton to Kirkstead abbey by "Radulfus filius Gilleberti", for the health of "sponsi mei Simonis comitis", by charter dated to early in the reign of King Henry II[834]m SIMON de Senlis Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton, son of SIMON de Senlis Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton & his wife Isabelle de Beaumont ([1138]-Jun 1184, bur St Andrew's Priory). 

2.         GEOFFREY de Gand (-[1150/56]).  “Gilbertus de Gant” donated property to the canons of Thornton by charter dated to [1139/47], witnessed by “Gaufrido et Roberto et Baldewino fratribus Gilberti de Gant…[835].  "Gilbert Earl of Lincoln" donated "land in Spetona" to Bridlington Priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Geoffrey de Gaunt, Robert de Gaunt, Philip de Kyma dapifero…"[836].  “Gilbertus comes Lincolnie” chose his burial in the church of St Mary, Bridlington by charter dated to [1150/56], witnessed by “Gaufrido fratre meo…[837]

3.         ROBERT de Gand (-[1191/92], bur Vaudey Abbey).  “Gilbertus de Gant” donated property to the canons of Thornton by charter dated to [1139/47], witnessed by “Gaufrido et Roberto et Baldewino fratribus Gilberti de Gant…[838].  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey names “Gilebertum…et Robertum fratrem eius” as sons of ”Walterus”, adding that Gilbert was Earl of Lincoln[839].  "Gilbert Earl of Lincoln" donated "land in Spetona" to Bridlington Priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Geoffrey de Gaunt, Robert de Gaunt, Philip de Kyma dapifero…"[840].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Gant v m" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][841].  “Robertus de Gaunt et Aeliz Paganella uxor sua et Avicia filia eorum” donated property to the hospital of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated to [1166/77], witnessed by “…Henrico de Gaunt…[842].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Gaunt" paying "xxxiv l v s iv d" in Lincolnshire[843].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Roberto filio Walteri” succeeded his niece in the Gand inheritance, died in 1192 and was buried “apud Vawdye[844].  “Robertus de Gaunt, filius Walteri de Gaunt” confirmed donations of property to Bridlington Priory by “Walterus de Gaunt pater meus et Gilbertus de Gaunt comes Lincolnić frater meus”, by undated charter[845]m firstly as her second husband, ALICE Paynell, widow of RICHARD de Courcy, daughter of WILLIAM Paynell de Drax & his second wife Avice de Rumilly.  An undated manuscript relating to Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire records that “Aviciam de Romely…unicam filiam Aliciam” married ”Roberto de Ganth[846].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   “Avicia de Romelli” notified her donation to the canons of Drax, for the soul of “Willelmi Paganelli mariti mei”, with the consent of “domini Roberti de Gant et Adelicie filie mee uxoris eiusdem Roberti”, by charter dated to [1147/52], witnessed by “Robertus de Gant et Adelicia Paganella uxor eius et Adelicia soror Roberti de Gant…[847].  “R de Gaunt” donated property to Bridlington convent, for the souls of “comitis Gilberti…et…Adeliz uxoris mee et Aviz filie mee” by charter dated to [1156/75][848].  “Robertus de Gaunt et Aeliz Paganella uxor sua et Avicia filia eorum” donated property to the hospital of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated to [1166/77], witnessed by “…Henrico de Gaunt…[849].  A charter of King Richard I dated 7 Sep 1189 confirmed donations to Vaudey abbey among which by “Robertus de Gant et Alizia Painell uxor eius[850]m secondly as her first husband, GUNNORA de Albini Brito, daughter of RALPH de Albini Brito & his wife Sibylla de Valoignes.  A charter of King Richard I dated 7 Sep 1189 confirmed donations to Vaudey abbey among which by “Roberti de Gant et Gundredć uxoris eius[851].  She married secondly Nicholas de Stuteville.  Robert & his first wife had one child: 

a)         AVICE de Gand .  An undated manuscript relating to Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire names “Aviciam” as daughter of “Roberto de Ganth” and his wife Alice, adding that she married ”Roberto filio Roberti Arding de Bristow”, by whom she had “filium…Mauricium” who died childless, leaving “Andreć Luterel per matrem suam, quć fuit de parentelli Paynellorum” as his heir[852].  “R de Gaunt” donated property to Bridlington convent, for the souls of “comitis Gilberti…et…Adeliz uxoris mee et Aviz filie mee” by charter dated to [1156/75][853].  “Robertus de Gaunt et Aeliz Paganella uxor sua et Avicia filia eorum” donated property to the hospital of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated to [1166/77], witnessed by “…Henrico de Gaunt…[854]m as his second wife, ROBERT [de Berkeley], son of ROBERT FitzHarding & his wife Eva --- (-[1195]). 

Robert & his second wife had one child: 

b)         GILBERT de Gand (-1242).  ”Gilbertus de Gaunt, filius Roberti de Gaunt” confirmed donations to Bardney Abbey by “Gilebrictus de Gaunt actavus meus et uxor eius Aliz…de Muntfort, et Walterus de Gaunt avus meus, et comes Gilbertus avunculus meus, et Rob. de Gaunt pater meus” by undated charter[855].  Titular [Earl of Lincoln].  "Gillebertus de Gant" confirmed the donation of land at Barton on Humber to Rufford monastery, Nottinghamshire, for the souls of "patris mei Roberti de Gant et matris mee Gunwar de Gant", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Nicolao de Stuteville…"[856]m ---.  The name of Gilbert´s wife is not known.  Gilbert & his wife had three children: 

i)          ROBERT de Gaunt (-before 1242).  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey names “Robertum et Gilbertum” as the children of ”Gilbertus”, adding that Robert predeceased his father[857]

ii)         Sir GILBERT de Gaunt of Folkingham, Lincolnshire (-Folkingham 5 Jan 1274).  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey names “Robertum et Gilbertum” as the children of ”Gilbertus[858].  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Gilbertum”, son of “Gilbertus”, died “1274 Non Jan apud Falkingham” and was buried “apud Bridlington[859].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 26 Jan "2 Edw I" following the death of "Gilbert de Gaunt" name “Gilbert de Gaunt [his son and heir] is his next and of full age...aged 24 and more...25”, and notes that he had given Hundemanby to “Gilbert his son...in marriage with Lora de Balyolo[860]m ---.  The name of Gilbert´s wife is not known.  Sir Gilbert & his wife had four children: 

(a)       MARGARET .  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey records that ”Gilbertus”, son of Gilbert, had “duas sorores…Margaretam et Nicholaam”, adding that Margaret married “Will. de Kardestone” and that they were parents of “Rogerum”, whose son was “Willelmum[861].  Her son Roger de Kerdeston was summoned to Parliament in 1332 whereby he is held to have become Lord Kerdeston[862]m Sir WILLIAM de Kerdeston of Kerdiston, co. Norfolk. 

(b)       Sir GILBERT de Gaunt ([1249]-1298).  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey records that “Gilbertus filius eius” succeeded on the death of ”Gilbertus”, son of Gilbert[863].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 26 Jan "2 Edw I" following the death of "Gilbert de Gaunt" name “Gilbert de Gaunt [his son and heir] is his next and of full age...aged 24 and more...25”, and notes that he had given Hundemanby to “Gilbert his son...in marriage with Lora de Balyolo[864].  A charter dated 17 Jun 1278 records the quitclaim of "Gilbert de Gaunt son and heir of domini Gilbert de Gaunt" in favour of Bridlington priory[865].  Lord Gaunt.  m (before 26 Jan 1274) LORA de Balliol, daughter of Sir HENRY de Balliol of Cavers, co. Roxburgh & his wife Lorette de Valoignes (-1309).  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey names “Loram, sororem Alexandri de Baliolf” as wife of ”Gilbertus”, son of Gilbert, adding that they died childless[866].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 26 Jan "2 Edw I" following the death of "Gilbert de Gaunt" name “Gilbert de Gaunt [his son and heir] is his next and of full age...aged 24 and more...25”, and notes that he had given Hundemanby to “Gilbert his son...in marriage with Lora de Balyolo[867]

(c)       NICHOLE (-1284, bur Hazlewood Chapel near Tadcaster).  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey records that ”Gilbertus”, son of Gilbert, had “duas sorores…Margaretam et Nicholaam”, adding that Nichole married “Petrus de Malolaeu” and that they were parents of “Petrum[868]m (1273 or before) Sir PIERS de Maulay of Mulgrave and Doncaster, Yorkshire, son of PIERS de Maulay & his second wife --- (22 Jul 1249-6 Sep 1308).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1295 whereby he is held to have become Lord Mauley[869]

(d)       JULIENNE (before 1258-after 1311).  The Stemma fundatoris of Bardney Abbey records that ”Gilbertus”, son of Gilbert, had “tertio soror Juliana”, who died unmarried[870]

iii)        GUNNOR .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m RALPH de Sucheville, son of ---. 

4.         BALDWIN de Gand .  “Gilbertus de Gant” donated property to the canons of Thornton by charter dated to [1139/47], witnessed by “Gaufrido et Roberto et Baldewino fratribus Gilberti de Gant…[871]

5.         ALICE de Gand .  “Avicia de Romelli” notified her donation to the canons of Drax, for the soul of “Willelmi Paganelli mariti mei”, with the consent of “domini Roberti de Gant et Adelicie filie mee uxoris eiusdem Roberti”, by charter dated to [1147/52], witnessed by “Robertus de Gant et Adelicia Paganella uxor eius et Adelicia soror Roberti de Gant…[872].  “Aliz de Gant” donated property to Pontefract Priory, for the souls of “prioris domini mei Ilberti de Lascy” and with the consent of “Henricus de Lascy”, by undated charter[873].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Rogerus de Molbrai” confirmed the donation of property to Pontefract Priory by “uxor mea…pro anima prioris domini sui Ilberti de Lasci”, witnessed by “Willielmus Peverel…Turgis de Molbray…[874].  “Alicia de Gaunt uxor Rogeri de Mubray” donated property to Fountains Abbey by charter dated 13 Apr 1176 which names “filiorum meorum Nigelli et Roberti[875]m firstly ILBERT de Lacy, son of ROBERT de Lacy & his wife Matilda --- (-1141).  m secondly ROGER de Mowbray, son of NELE d'Aubigny & his second wife Gundred de Gournay (-[late 1187/1188]). 

6.         [AGNES .  A charter of King Henry I confirmed the foundation and possessions of Bridlington priory, including the donation of "ecclesiam de Wicheforda" made by "Willielmus de Moion et uxor eius Agnes"[876].  The parentage of Agnes is not known.  Maxwell-Lyte suggests "with some confidence" that she was the daughter of Walter de Gant & his wife[877].  He bases this on the possession by Gilbert de Gand of Whichford, Warwickshire (then in Northamptonshire) in 1086, Gilbert´s son Walter´s foundation of the priory at Bridlington, and the donation by William de Mohun and Agnes his wife of the church of Whichford to Bridlington.  m WILLIAM de Mohun, son of WILLIAM de Mohun & his wife --- (-[1155]).] 

7.         MATILDA de Gand .  Her parentage and marriage are noted in Domesday Descendants[878]m WILLIAM de Welle, of Wells and Claxby, Norfolk, son of WALTER FitzRademer & his wife ---.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ISABEL ([1134/35]-after 1212).  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[879].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donation of "bosco…Langhage" by "Willielmus de Dentuna frater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Isabella uxore mea…"[880].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that "uxor Roberti filii Hugonis…filia Willelmi filii Walteri de Welle" was 50 years old and had "x pueros", and in a later passage names her “Elisabeth que fuit uxor Roberti filii Hugonis” and her property "in Meltesbi…de maritagio suo, de feodo Willelmi filii Walteri" whose daughter he had married, with land "de honore Peverelli…terra…de Toleshunt"[881].  The Testa de Nevill records that in 1212 "Robertus de Tateshala" held land "in capite de domino rege in Candluobi" in Lincolnshire which "Elysabet mater predicti Roberti…tenet in dote"[882].  m ROBERT de Tattershall, son of HUGH Brito [de Tattershall] & his wife --- (-after 1185). 

 

 

 

C.      EARLS of LINCOLN 1232-1348 (LACY)

 

 

JOHN de Lacy, son of ROGER de Lacy & his wife Matilda de Clare ([1192]-22 Jul 1240[883], bur Stanlaw, later transferred to Whalley).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Johannem, secundum constabularium, et comitem Lincolnić” as son of Roger and his wife “Matildam de Clare[884].  He was created Earl of Lincoln in 1232.  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records the death “XI Kal Aug 1240” of “Johannes de Lacy primus comes Lincolnić” and his burial “apud Stanlaw[885].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in Aug 1240 of “Johannes de Lacy comes Lyncolnić[886]

m firstly ALICE de Laigle, daughter of GILBERT de Laigle & his wife Isabelle de Warenne [Anjou] (-bur Norton).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Aliciam filiam Gilberti de Aquila” as wife of “Johannes de Lacy primus comes Lincolnić”, adding that she was buried “apud Norton[887]

m secondly (before 21 Jun 1221) as her first husband, MARGARET de Quincy, daughter of ROBERT de Quincy & his wife Hawise Ctss of Lincoln (before 1208-Hampstead Mar 1266, bur Clerkenwell, Church of the Hospitallers).  The Annales Londonienses name "Margaretam…comitissa Lincolnić" as the daughter of "Hawisia…de Roberto de Quency"[888].  A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln records that “Johanni de Laci constabulario Cestrić” married “Roberto de Quincy…filiam Margaretam comitissam Lincolnić[889].  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Johannes de Lacy primus comes Lincolnić” married “Margaretam filiam Roberti Quincy comitis Wintonić nepotem Ranulphi comitis Cestrić” after the death of his first wife[890].  She married secondly ([Jan 1242]) Walter Marshal Earl of Pembroke.  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage “circa Epiphaniam Domini” in 1241 of “Walterus Marescallus comes” and “comitissam Lincolnić…Margeriam, uxorem quondam Johannis comitis Lincolnić[891].  A charter dated 28 Jun 1248 records that "Margaret late Countess of Lincoln…recovered her dower out of the lands in Ireland of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke her husband" and that the dower was "taken out of the portions of the inheritance which accrued to William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, Matilda de Kyme, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king´s custody, and Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife"[892].  She married thirdly (before 7 Jun 1252) Richard de Wilteshir.  "Margery countess of Lincoln and Pembroke and Richard de Wilteshir and their heirs" were granted "a yearly fair at their manor of Chelebiry" dated 7 Jun 1252[893].  The Annals of Worcester record the death in 1266 of “Margareta comitissa Lincolnić[894].  The Annals of Winchester record the death “apud Hamstede” in 1266 of “Margareta comitissa Lyncollnić[895]

Earl John & his second wife had two children:

1.         MATILDA de Lacy ([1221/25][896]-[1287/10 Mar 1289]).  The Annales Cambrić record that "Ricardus de Clare" married "M filiam J de Laci comitis Lincolnić" in 1238[897].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the marriage “circa Purificationem beatć Virginis” of “filia comitis Lincolnić” and “Ricardo de Clare[898].  The Annales Londonienses record the marriage in 1238 of "Ricardum de Clare filium comitis Glovernić" and "Matildć filić comitis Lincolnić"[899].  The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the marriage of “Ricardus de Clare secundus filius et hćres…Gilberti et Isabellć” and “Matildem…filiam comitis Lincolnić[900]m (25 Jan 1238 or before) as his second wife, RICHARD de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, son of GILBERT de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hertford & his wife Isabel Marshal of Pembroke (4 Aug 1222-Ashenfield in Waltham, near Canterbury 15 Jul 1262, bur Tonbridge, transferred 28 Jul 1262 to Tewkesbury). 

2.         EDMUND (1230-2 Jun 1258, bur Stanlaw Abbey).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Edmundum de Lacy comitem, constabularium Cestrić”, born in 1230, as son of “Johannes de Lacy primus comes Lincolnić” and his second wife, but adding that he predeceased his mother and therefore did not succeed as Earl of Lincoln[901].  He succeeded his father in 1240 as Earl of Lincoln, although he does not appear to have been formally invested with the earldom[902].  “Edmundus de Lascy constabularius Cestrić” donated property to Roche Abbey, for the souls of “patris mei Johannis de Lascy et Margaretć matris meć, et Alesić uxoris meć”, by undated charter[903].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1257 of “Eadmundus de Lacy frater Matilidis comitissć Gloucestrić” and his burial “apud ---[904]m (Woodstock early May 1247) ALASIA di Saluzzo, daughter of MANFREDO III Marchese di Saluzzo & his wife Béatrix de Savoie ([1236]-before 12 Jul 1311, bur Pontefract, Church of the Black Friars).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family records that “Edmundum de Lacy comitem” married “dominam Aleciam filiam marchionis de Salves in Italia, cognatam reginć Anglia ex parte Sabinensi” when she was “in juventute sua[905].  “Edmundus de Lascy constabularius Cestrić” donated property to Roche Abbey, for the souls of “…Alesić uxoris meć”, by undated charter[906].  This marriage was arranged through Pierre de Savoie, uncle of Queen Eleanor and great-uncle of Alasia[907].  As Alasia gave birth to her first child in 1250, it is unlikely that she could have been born later than 1236, although at that date her own mother was probably only thirteen years old.  Given this tight chronology, it is assumed that Alasia was her parents' first child.  Earl Edmund & his wife had three children: 

a)         HENRY (6 or 13 Jan 1251-Holborn 5 Feb 1311, bur 28 Feb 1311 London, St Paul's).  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Henricus de Lacy comes Lincolnić” as son of “Edmundum de Lacy comitem” and his wife[908].  He succeeded his father in 1258 as Earl of Lincoln.  An undated writ "48 Hen III", after the death of "Roger de Quency earl of Winchester", records that he died "on the day of St Mark the Evangelist" and names "Henry de Lascy aged 14 on the day of the Epiphany next, is his heir"[909].  The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1311 of "Henricus Lacy comes Lincolnić"[910].  The Annals of Crokesden Abbey, Staffordshire record the death in 1310 (O.S.) of “Dńs Henricus de Lacy, Comes Lincoln et Const. Cestrie” in London and his burial at St Paul´s[911]m firstly (contract 23 Dec 1256 or before, before 1 Jun 1268) MARGARET Longespee, daughter of Sir WILLIAM Longespee & his wife Matilda de Clifford ([1255]-[8 Oct 1306/16 Jun 1310]).  The Book of Lacock names “Margaretam” as only daughter of “Guill. Lungespee tertius, filius Guill. Lungespee secundi” & his wife, adding that she married “d´no Henrico de Lacy comiti Lincolnić[912].  A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln records that “Henricum Lacy comitem Lincolnić” married “filia comitis Sarum[913].  She succeeded her paternal great-grandmother in 1261 as Ctss of Salisbury suo iure, although she never used this title.  m secondly (before 16 Jun 1310) as her first husband, JOAN Martin, daughter of WILLIAM Martin Lord Martin & his wife Eleanor de Mohun née FitzPiers (-[Feb 1320/1 Aug 1322]).  She married secondly (before 6 Jun 1313) Nicholas Audley.  Her second marriage is confirmed by inquisitions dated 23 Nov 1392 relating to the manor of Tawstok which name "Philip de Columbariis and Eleanor his wife" and "Johanna sister of the said Eleanor", who was mother of "James d´Audelee", as daughters and heiresses of "William Martyn chevalier"[914].  Earl Henry & his first wife had three children: 

i)          EDMUND (20 Nov 1271-young).  The Book of Lacock names “Edmundum et Johannem de Lacy” as children of “d´no Henrico de Lacy comiti Lincolnić” and his wife Margaret, adding that they both predeceased their parents[915].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the birth "XII Kal Dec" [1271] of "Henrico de Lacy comiti Lincolniensi filius…Eadmundum"[916].  A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln names “Edmundum…et filiam Aleseiam” as children of “Henricum Lacy comitem Lincolnić”, adding that Edmund predeceased his father[917]

ii)         JOHN (-young).  The Book of Lacock names “Edmundum et Johannem de Lacy” as children of “d´no Henrico de Lacy comiti Lincolnić” and his wife Margaret, adding that they both predeceased their parents[918]

iii)        ALICE de Lacy ([Denbigh Castle] 25 Dec 1281-2 Oct 1348, bur Barlings Abbey, Birling, Kent).  The Book of Lacock names “Alesiam” as the daughter of “d´no Henrico de Lacy comiti Lincolnić” and his wife Margaret, adding that she married “comiti de Lancaster, Leicester et de Ferrers, Thomć[919].  A manuscript narrating the descent of Hugh Earl of Chester to Alice Ctss of Lincoln names “Edmundum…et filiam Aleseiam” as children of “Henricum Lacy comitem Lincolnić”, adding that Alice married “domino Thomć comiti Lancastrić et Leicestrić” and after his death “domino Ebuloni de Strange[920].  A manuscript history of the Lacy family names “Alicia” as daughter of “Henricus de Lacy comes Lincolnić”, adding that she married “Thomć filio comitis Lancastrić[921].  She succeeded her mother as Ctss of Salisbury before 16 Jun 1310, and her father 5 Feb 1311 as Ctss of Lincoln.  m firstly (on or before 28 Oct 1294, divorced [1318]) THOMAS Earl of Lancaster, son of EDMUND "Crouchback" Earl of Lancaster & his second wife Blanche d'Artois ([1277/80]-executed Pontefract, Yorkshire 22 Mar 1322, bur Pontefract, Priory of St John).  m secondly (before 10 Nov 1324) Sir EBLES Lestraunge, son of JOHN Lestraunge Lord Strange of Knokyn & his [second wife Matilda ---] (-Scotland 8 Sep 1335, bur Barlings Abbey, Birling, Kent).  He was the squire of the Earl of Surrey who abducted Ctss Alice in 1317, triggering her divorce from her first husband.  He was summoned to Parliament in 1326 whereby he is held to have become Lord Strange.  m thirdly (before 23 Mar 1336) Sir HUGH de Frene Lord Frene, son of --- (-Perth [Dec 1336/Jan 1337]). 

b)         JOHN .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

c)         MARGARET (-after 1273, bur Pontefract Church of the Black Friars).  King Henry III confirmed the marriage contract between "Georgium filium Willielmi de Cantilupo" and "Margaritam filiam Edmundi de Lacy", dated 1254[922]m (contract ratified 1 Sep 1254) GEORGE de Cauntelo Lord of Abergavenny, son of WILLIAM [IV] de Cauntelo of Calne, Wiltshire & his wife Eva de Briouse heiress of Abergavenny (Abergavenny 29 Mar 1252-18 Oct 1273). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    NORTHUMBERLAND

 

 

The earldom of Northumberland was created in 1377 in favour of Henry de Percy.  This was the first time since the arrival of the Normans that Northumberland was treated in the same way as other English counties and provided with its own earl  After the Norman conquest, the kings of England had continued to appoint administrators over the territory of Northumberland which, in pre-conquest times had been governed by a series of earls of Anglo-Saxon and Danish origin (see ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY).  Northumberland was the successor to the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria, although the territory covered was less extensive.  Its status had obviously changed, but Northumberland continued to represent a buffer area between the kingdoms of England and Scotland which enjoyed semi-autonomy.  Not conquered by the Normans as completely as the rest of England, King William I presumably saw advantage in maintaining the pre-conquest pattern for its administration.  In contrast to Norman earldoms in counties south of the River Tees, the task of the appointed administrators of Northumberland appears to have been to govern in a more hands-on way, the aim presumably being to reduce the county to subjugation in the same way as the southern counties.  King William appointed Anglo-Saxon administrators from the families of the pre-conquest earls.  Although presumably more acceptable to the local population, these appointees were less willing to accept the constraints of central authority.  In the first thirty years after the conquest, eight administrative earls were appointed by William I and his successor William II[923].  Of the four appointees of Anglo-Saxon origin, three rebelled against the king and were replaced.  The other Anglo-Saxon appointee met a violent death soon after his appointment, a fate also shared by two of the Norman-origin appointees.  The last appointee, Robert de Mowbray, governed so badly and with such cruelty that King William II was obliged to remove him from office forcibly in 1095.  The experiment of appointing powerful local administrators had proved a failure, and direct rule by the king was the only way forward.  This continued until 1139 when, under the terms of the peace treaty between King Stephen and David I King of Scotland, Northumberland was alienated by the English king and conferred by the Scottish king as an earldom on his son Henry.  It remained in the Scottish royal family until 1157, when Malcolm IV King of Scotland surrendered it to Henry II King of England in the name of his younger brother William (the future William "the Lion" King of Scotland).  During the succeeding 120 years, only one administrator was appointed over Northumberland.  This was Hugues du Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who purchased the earldom from King Richard I when the king was raising funds for the Crusade and who voluntarily surrendered it after the king returned to England in 1194.  What then were the reasons for the change of policy when King Richard II appointed Henry Percy as Earl of Northumberland in 1377?  Henry Percy had risen to prominence as a military figure during the reign of King Edward III.  He had served in France under John "of Gaunt" Duke of Lancaster and was appointed to the prestigious post of Marshal of England in 1376.  He also had experience dealing with Scotland, having been appointed "surveyor of the castles and forts in the East March of Scotland" in Feb 1367[924].  There is no reason to suppose that Northumberland was any easier to control then than it had been after the conquest, so a powerful figure, with a strong personality and the right experience, may have been what was needed to impose royal authority.  It is also tempting to think that the posting may have presented an opportunity to remove from the scene such a strong individual who might otherwise have exercised too much influence over the minor King Richard II just after his accession. 

 

 

 

A.      NORTHUMBERLAND [1080/81]-1095 (MOWBRAY)

 

 

1.         [GEOFFROY (-2 Feb 1093).  Bishop of Coutances 1048.  According to Florence of Worcester, Robert de Mowbrai was nephew of Geoffroy Bishop of Coutances[925].] 

2.         ROGER de Montbrai, son of ---.  A charter of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy, confirmed in a charter of King William I dated 1080, confirmed the foundation of Caen Sainte-Trinité and its possessions, including the donation of “quam habebat in Grainvilla, pro filia sua ibi facta monacha” made by “Rogerius de Molbray” witnessed by “Drogo de Sancto Vigore et Rainaldus de Glanvilla[926]m ---.  The name of Roger´s wife is not known.  Roger & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ROBERT de Mowbray [Montbrai] (-[after 1125]).  Orderic Vitalis names Robert as son of Roger of Mowbray[927].  According to Florence of Worcester, he was nephew of Geoffroy Bishop of Coutances[928].  He was appointed Earl administrator of Northumberland in [1080/81].  He allegedly governed badly and with cruelty.  Florence of Worcester records that he plotted against William II King of England in 1088[929].  He defended Northumberland against incursions from Scotland, culminating in the Scottish defeat at Alnwick in 1093 with King Malcolm III and his eldest son were killed.  Florence of Worcester records that "rex Scottorum Malcolmus et primogenitus filius suus Eadwardus" were killed in battle in Northumbria "die S Bricii" [13 Nov] by the army of "Rotberti Northymbrorum comitis"[930].  Florence of Worcester records that "Northymbrensis comes Rotbertus de Mulbrei et Willelmus de Owe" conspired against William II King of England in [1095], planning to place "filium amitć illius Stephanus de Albamarno" on the English throne[931].  He was eventually captured, deprived of Northumberland and imprisoned at Windsor[932].  He spent about 34 years in prisons, "growing old without offspring" according to Florence of Worcester[933], then was allowed to become a monk at St Albans according to Orderic Vitalis[934]m (1095) as her first husband, MATHILDE de Laigle, daughter of RICHER de Laigle & his wife Judith d'Avranches of Chester (-[after Oct 1155][935]).  This marriage is shown by Orderic Vitalis, who also gives her parentage[936].  She married secondly during the lifetime of her first husband (after 1107, with special dispensation from Pope Paschal II) as his first wife, Nele de Albini, who was granted Montbrai, in Normandy and the forfeited lands of her first husband[937], but who eventually repudiated her after the death of her brother Gilbert[938].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Mathildi de Aqila" in Dorsetshire and exempted in Staffordshire[939]

b)         son .  Florence of Worcester records that the (unnamed) brother of Earl Robert was captured after William II King of England stormed his brother's castle after the revolt of 1095[940]

c)         [---.  It is possible that this is the same person as the unnamed brother of Earl Robert shown above.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          MOREL .  Orderic Vitalis names Morel as "nepos" of Robert de Mowbray, with whom he killed Malcolm III King of Scotland[941].  William of Malmesbury calls him "Morael of Bamborough, steward of Robert Mowbray" but does not state his relationship to the latter[942].  Orderic records that, after "his master" had been condemned to perpetual imprisonment, Morel "fled wretchedly from England and, wandering through many lands, grew old in exile, poverty-stricken and despised"[943]

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of NORTHUMBERLAND 1377-1527 (PERCY)

 

 

[Four] brothers, parents not known: 

1.         WILLIAM de Percy (-Jerusalem [1097/1100], bur Jerusalem).  The History of the foundation of Whitby Monastery records that ”Hugo comes Cestrensis” granted “villam de Whytteby” to “Willielmus de Percy” who came to England in 1067 and founded the monastery with “Serloni fratri suo[944].  Domesday Book records land held by “William de Percy” in Hambledon in Meonstoke Hundred in Hampshire; numerous properties in Yorkshire; numerous properties in Lincolnshire[945].  "…William de Perci…" witnessed the charter dated to [1086] which notified a plea held by William I King of England concerning "William de Braiose" and Fécamp abbey[946].  “Willelmus de Perci” donated property to the monks of Whitby “et Serloni priori fratri meo”, for the souls of “…Emma de Port uxore mea et Alano de Perci filio meo”, by charter dated to [1090/96], witnessed by “Emma de Port uxor mea, Alanus, Walterus et Willielmus filii mei, Ernaldus de Perci…[947].  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records that ”Willielmus de Perci” left for Jerusalem where he died “apud Locum…Mons gaudii” and was buried[948].  No indication has been found of the precise date of William´s death but it is assumed that he died during the First Crusade.  m EMMA de Port, daughter of [HUGUES de Port & his wife ---] (-after 1107).  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery names ”Emma de Port” as wife of “Willielmus de Perci cognomento Algernuus[949].  “Willelmus de Perci” donated property to the monks of Whitby “et Serloni priori fratri meo”, for the souls of “…Emma de Port uxore mea et Alano de Perci filio meo”, by charter dated to [1090/96], witnessed by “Emma de Port uxor mea, Alanus, Walterus et Willielmus filii mei, Ernaldus de Perci…[950].  "Emma de Percy" held a house in Winchester in [1107/15][951].  William & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         ALAN de Percy (-[1130/35], bur [Reading/Whitby]).  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery names ”Alaneo de Perci” as son of “Willielmus de Perci cognomento Algernuus” & his wife[952]

          -        see below

b)         WALTER de Percy .  “Willelmus de Perci” donated property to the monks of Whitby “et Serloni priori fratri meo”, for the souls of “…Emma de Port uxore mea et Alano de Perci filio meo”, by charter dated to [1090/96], witnessed by “Emma de Port uxor mea, Alanus, Walterus et Willielmus filii mei, Ernaldus de Perci…[953].  "Walter de Gaunt" founded Bridlington priory, with the assent of Henry I King of England, by undated charter, witnessed by "Alan de Percy…Walter de Percy…"[954].  ”Henricus filius Henrici de Percy” confirmed donations of property to Whitby by charter dated 20 Apr 1308, among which two donations by “Alanus de Percy”, for the souls of “Willielmi de Percy patris mei et Emmć de Porte matris meć”, the first witnessed by “Willielmus et Ricardus fratres mei, Pyeot de Percy…” and the second by “Willielmus, Walterus et Ricardus de Percy fratres mei, Robertus de Bruse…Pycot de Percy…[955].  ”Henricus filius Henrici de Percy” confirmed donations of property to Whitby by charter dated 20 Apr 1308, among which a donation by “Willielmus de Percy”, confirming a donation by “Walterus frater meus[956]

c)         WILLIAM de Percy .  “Willelmus de Perci” donated property to the monks of Whitby “et Serloni priori fratri meo”, for the souls of “…Emma de Port uxore mea et Alano de Perci filio meo”, by charter dated to [1090/96], witnessed by “Emma de Port uxor mea, Alanus, Walterus et Willielmus filii mei, Ernaldus de Perci…[957].  ”Henricus filius Henrici de Percy” confirmed donations of property to Whitby by charter dated 20 Apr 1308, among which two donations by “Alanus de Percy”, for the souls of “Willielmi de Percy patris mei et Emmć de Porte matris meć”, the first witnessed by “Willielmus et Ricardus fratres mei, Pyeot de Percy…” and the second by “Willielmus, Walterus et Ricardus de Percy fratres mei, Robertus de Bruse…Pycot de Percy…[958].  ”Henricus filius Henrici de Percy” confirmed donations of property to Whitby by charter dated 20 Apr 1308, among which a donation by “Willielmus de Percy”, confirming a donation by “Walterus frater meus[959]

d)         RICHARD de Percy of Dunsley .  The History of the foundation of Whitby Monastery names ”Alanum de Percy et Richardum fratrum eius” as the children of “Willielmus de Percy[960].  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records a donation by “Richardi de Percy, de Dunesleia, filii Willielmi de Percy[961].  ”Henricus filius Henrici de Percy” confirmed donations of property to Whitby by charter dated 20 Apr 1308, among which two donations by “Alanus de Percy”, for the souls of “Willielmi de Percy patris mei et Emmć de Porte matris meć”, the first witnessed by “Willielmus et Ricardus fratres mei, Pyeot de Percy…” and the second by “Willielmus, Walterus et Ricardus de Percy fratres mei, Robertus de Bruse…Pycot de Percy…[962]m as her first husband, ADELISA, daughter of ---.  She married secondly Walter de Argenton.  Her two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated to [1160/70] under which “Willelmus de Perci” confirmed a donation of property to Whitby Abbey made by “mater mea Athaliza” for the soul of “Walteri de Argentum…eius sponsus legitimus”, for the soul of “patris mei Ricardi de Perci[963].  Richard & his wife had two children: 

i)          ALEXANDER de Percy .  “Ricardus de Perci et Alexander filius eius” witnessed a charter dated to [1120/35] which confirmed a donation of property to Whitby Abbey[964]

ii)         WILLIAM de Percy .  The History of the foundation of Whitby Monastery names ”Willilemus de Percy” as son of “Richardus de Percy”, adding that he founded “domum de Grendall (nunc vocatam Handall)” in 1133[965].  ”Willielmus de Percy filius Richardus de Percy de Dunesle” donated property to Whitby monastery by undated charter[966].  “Willelmus de Perci, filius Ricardi de Perci de Dunesleia” donated property to Whitby Abbey, for the souls of “Willelmi de Perci avi mei fundatoris abbatie et Ricardi de Perci filii eius, patris mei”, by charter dated to [1150/70][967].  “Willelmus de Perci” confirmed a donation of property to Whitby Abbey made by “mater mea Athaliza” for the soul of “Walteri de Argentum…eius sponsus legitimus”, for the soul of “patris mei Ricardi de Perci”, by charter dated to [1160/70][968]

2.         SERLON (-[1109]).  The History of the foundation of Whitby Monastery records that ”Hugo comes Cestrensis” granted “villam de Whytteby” to “Willielmus de Percy” who came to England in 1067 and founded the monastery with “Serloni fratri suo[969].  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records that ”Serlo de Perci frater…Willielmi de Perci” became a monk at Whitby and later succeeded as abbot[970].  “Willelmus de Perci” donated property to the monks of Whitby “et Serloni priori fratri meo”, for the souls of “…Emma de Port uxore mea et Alano de Perci filio meo”, by charter dated to [1090/96], witnessed by “Emma de Port uxor mea, Alanus, Walterus et Willielmus filii mei, Ernaldus de Perci…[971]

3.         --- de Percym ---.  One child: 

a)         WILLIAM (-[1127/43]).  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records that ”Serlo de Perci frater…Willielmi de Perci” remained as abbot of Whitby until succeeded by “dominus Willielmus nepos eorum[972]

4.         --- de Percym ---.  One child: 

a)         ALIX de Percy .  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records a donation by “Hugonis de Boytorp” and ”uxoris suć Aalizć de Percy, neptis Willielmi de Percy, et Serlonis prioris[973]m firstly REGINALD Buscel of Hutton Bushell, son of --- (-before Feb 1136).  m secondly HUGH de Boythorpe, son of ---.  Alix & her first husband had two children: 

i)          ALAN Buscel .  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records a donation by “Alani Bucell, filii…Aalizć neptis Willielmi de Perci et Serlonis prioris[974].  “Alanus filius Reginaldi Buscel” donated property to the monks of Whitby, four the souls of “patris mei Reginaldi Buscel et matris mee Alicie de Perci”, by charter dated to [1135/55][975].  "Alanus Buscel et Gervasius frater meus" donated land "juxta Derewente…Westcroft" to Whitby by undated charter[976].  "Alanus Buscel" donated land "in Hotona", held by "Asza filius Wymundi", to Whitby by undated charter, witnessed by "…Alano de Perci…"[977]

ii)         GERVASE Buscel .  "Alanus Buscel et Gervasius frater meus" donated land "juxta Derewente…Westcroft" to Whitby by undated charter[978]

 

 

1.         WALTER de Percy .  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records a donation by “Walteri de Percy de Rugemund[979]

 

2.         ALAN de Percy “le Meschin” .  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records a donation by “Alani de Perci le Meschin[980]

 

3.         ALAN de Percym ---.  The name of Alan´s wife is not known.  Alan & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Percy .  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery records a donation by “Willielmi de Perci, filii Alani de Perci advocati nostri[981]

 

4.         GERBERT de Percy (-after [1172]).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the knights fees held by "Gerbertus de Percy" from the king in Dorset[982].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Gerebertus de Perceio" with one knight "de honore de Gilleberville…in baillia de Tenerchebraio" and four knights in his own service[983]

 

 

1.         ERNALD de Percy (-after [1129/35]).  “Willelmus de Perci” donated property to the monks of Whitby “et Serloni priori fratri meo”, for the souls of “…Emma de Port uxore mea et Alano de Perci filio meo”, by charter dated to [1090/96], witnessed by “…Ernaldus de Perci…[984].  “Robertus de Brus” confirmed donations to the canons of Bridlington by charter dated to [1120/35], witnessed by “…Ernaldus de Perceio…Petrus de Brus…[985].  “Ernaldus de Percy” donated property to Gysburn priory by charter dated to [1129/35], witnessed by “Roberto de Brus…[986]m ---.  The name of Ernald´s wife is not known.  Ernald & his wife had two children: 

a)         ERNALD de Percy (-1170).  A charter dated to [1145/54] records the dowry granted by “Robertus de Brus” to “Agathe filie sue” on her marriage to “Radulfo Ribaldi filio”, witnessed by “…Petro de Brus, Ernaldo de Perci…Herveo Ribaldi filio…[987].  “Ernaldus de Percy” confirmed the donation to Gysburn priory by “patris mei”, by charter dated to [1154/65] which names “Rodberto fratre meo[988]

b)         ROBERT de Percy (-before 1165).  “Ernaldus de Percy” confirmed the donation to Gysburn priory by “patris mei”, by charter dated to [1154/65] which names “Rodberto fratre meo[989].  “Robertus de Perceio…et Agnete sponsa mea” issued a quit claim to St Peter´s, York by charter dated to [1160/65], witnessed by “…Radulfo de Percy…[990]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  “Robertus de Perceio…et Agnete sponsa mea” issued a quit claim to St Peter´s, York by charter dated to [1160/65], witnessed by “…Radulfo de Percy…[991].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM de Percy of Kildale (-1202).  “Willelmus de Percy de Kildale” confirmed a donation by “Robertus de Brus…de feodo Ernulfi de Percy avi mei” to Gysborn priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1171/95], witnessed by “…Hugone de Flamevilla…Henrico de Percy…[992].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus de Percy" paying "xv l, xxx milites" in Yorkshire[993]m as her first husband, AGNES de Flamville, daughter of ROGER de Flamwille & his wife Iveta de Arches (-after 1214).  “Willelmus de Percy de Kildale” confirmed a donation by “Robertus de Brus…de feodo Ernulfi de Percy avi mei” to Gysborn priory, for the soul of “Agnetis uxoris mee”, by charter dated to [1171/95], witnessed by “…Hugone de Flamevilla…Henrico de Percy…[994].  She married secondly John le Birkin.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Walterus de Percy" against "Magistrum hospitalis Sancti Leonardi de Eboraco" concerning "terre…in Martona" of which "Agnes de Flamnanvilla mater sua…Joannem le Birkin quondam virum ipsius Agnetis" was seised[995].  William & his wife had one child: 

(a)       WALTER de Percy (-[1232/43]).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Walterus de Percy" against "Magistrum hospitalis Sancti Leonardi de Eboraco" concerning "terre…in Martona" of which "Agnes de Flamnanvilla mater sua…Joannem le Birkin quondam virum ipsius Agnetis" was seised[996]m ---.  The name of Walter´s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

(1)       WILLIAM de Percym ---.  The name of William´s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a.         WILLIAM de Percy .  ”Dominus Willielmus de Percy miles, filius Domini Willielmi de Percy of Kildale, et Johanna uxor eius” donated property to Whitby monastery by undated charter[997]m JOAN, daughter of ---.  ”Dominus Willielmus de Percy miles, filius Domini Willielmi de Percy of Kildale, et Johanna uxor eius” donated property to Whitby monastery by undated charter[998]

c)         three daughters . 

 

 

1.         PICOT de Percy .  “…Picot de Perci” witnessed a charter dated to [1115/25] under which “Fulco filius Reimfredi” confirmed donations to the monks of Whitby[999].  ”Henricus filius Henrici de Percy” confirmed donations of property to Whitby by charter dated 20 Apr 1308, among which two donations by “Alanus de Percy”, the first witnessed by “Willielmus et Ricardus fratres mei, Pyeot de Percy…”, the second witnessed by “…Pycot de Percy…[1000].  “Willielmus de Percy, filius Rodbert de Perci” donated property to Nostell Priory by undated charter which names “Picotus avus meus”, witnessed by “Henrico de Pusat…[1001]m ---.  The name of Picot´s wife is not known.  Picot & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT Percy .  “Rodbertus de Perci filius Picott” granted property to the monks of Whitby by charter dated to [1148/70][1002].  “Willielmus de Percy, filius Rodbert de Perci” donated property to Nostell Priory by undated charter which names “Picotus avus meus”, witnessed by “Henrico de Pusat…[1003].  "Willelmus de Perci" confirmed property of Whitby by undated charter witnessed by "…Robertus filius Pichot de Perci…"[1004].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated property to Sawley abbey by undated charter, dated to before 1174, witnessed by “Alano de Percy, filio eiusdem Willielmi de Perci…Robertus de Percy[1005].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated property to Sawley abbey, with the consent of “Adelidć uxoris meć et Alani hćredis mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Roberto de Percy…[1006].  It is not certain that the last two documents refer to the same Robert who is named in the others.  However, the chronology of all these charters is favourable to that possibility.  m ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM Percy (-after [1190/1209]).  “Willielmus de Percy, filius Rodbert de Perci” donated property to Nostell Priory by undated charter which names “Picotus avus meus”, witnessed by “Henrico de Pusat…[1007], the presence of the latter enabling the document to be dated to [1190/1209]. 

 

 

2.         ROBERT de Percym ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN de Percy .  "Henricus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxenaham et…in Hetunia" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus de Perci frater meus…Gaufridus frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Gaufridus de Perci frater meus, Robertus frater meus de Perci, Johannes filius Rodberti de Perci, Gosfridus clericus frater meus, Robertus filius Walteri de Perci, Gilbertus filius Hugonis de Perci…"[1008]

 

3.         WALTER de Percym ---.  The name of Walter´s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Percy .  "Henricus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxenaham et…in Hetunia" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus de Perci frater meus…Gaufridus frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Gaufridus de Perci frater meus, Robertus frater meus de Perci, Johannes filius Rodberti de Perci, Gosfridus clericus frater meus, Robertus filius Walteri de Perci, Gilbertus filius Hugonis de Perci…"[1009]

 

4.         HUGH de Percym ---.  The name of Hugh´s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

a)         GILBERT de Percy .  "Henricus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxenaham et…in Hetunia" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus de Perci frater meus…Gaufridus frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Gaufridus de Perci frater meus, Robertus frater meus de Perci, Johannes filius Rodberti de Perci, Gosfridus clericus frater meus, Robertus filius Walteri de Perci, Gilbertus filius Hugonis de Perci…"[1010]

 

 

ALAN de Percy, son of WILLIAM de Percy & his wife Emma de Port (-[1130/Jul 1138], bur [Reading/Whitby]).  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery names ”Alaneo de Perci” as son of “Willielmus de Perci cognomento Algernuus” & his wife[1011].  “Willelmus de Perci” donated property to the monks of Whitby “et Serloni priori fratri meo”, for the souls of “…Emma de Port uxore mea et Alano de Perci filio meo”, by charter dated to [1090/96], witnessed by “Emma de Port uxor mea, Alanus, Walterus et Willielmus filii mei, Ernaldus de Perci…[1012].  ”Henricus filius Henrici de Percy” confirmed donations of property to Whitby by charter dated 20 Apr 1308, among which two donations by “Alanus de Percy”, for the souls of “Willielmi de Percy patris mei et Emmć de Porte matris meć”, the first witnessed by “Willielmus et Ricardus fratres mei, Pyeot de Percy…” and the second by “Willielmus, Walterus et Ricardus de Percy fratres mei, Robertus de Bruse…Pycot de Percy…[1013].  "…Alanus de Perci…" witnessed the charter, dated to the reign of Alexander I King of Scotland, under which "David predicti regis Scotie germanum…Cumbrensis regionis princeps" listed the lands of the church of Glasgow[1014].  "…Alano de Perceio…" witnessed the charter dated 1126 under which Henry I King of England confirmed a donation to Worksop priory[1015].  “Alanus de Perci et…Willelmus de Perci filius eius” granted property to “Haslat de Lecingfeld” by charter dated to [1130/38][1016].  "Walter de Gaunt" founded Bridlington priory, with the assent of Henry I King of England, by undated charter, witnessed by "Alan de Percy…Walter de Percy…"[1017].  The History of the foundation of Whitby Monastery names ”Alanum de Percy et Richardum fratrum eius” as the children of “Willielmus de Percy”, adding that Alan died without heirs and was buried at Whitby[1018], but the fact that he died childless is contradicted by other charters quoted here.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Alan de Pci" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[1019].  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family records that “Alanum de Percy”, son of “Willielmus de Percy”, was buried “apud Radinges[1020]

m EMMA de Gant, daughter of [GILBERT van Gent & his wife Alice de Montfort-sur-Risle].  A charter dated to [1190/95] confirmed a donation of property to the canons of Bridlington by “Emma de Gant…et Willelmus de Percy filius eius[1021].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   However, it is chronologically consistent for her to have been the daughter of Gilbert van Gent.  It should be noted that "Alan de Percy…" was the first witness in a charter under which his supposed brother-in-law "Walter de Gaunt" founded Bridlington priory, with the assent of Henry I King of England[1022]

Alan & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Percy of Topcliffe, Yorkshire (-[1174/75], bur Whitby).  “Alanus de Perci et…Willelmus de Perci filius eius” granted property to “Haslat de Lecingfeld” by charter dated to [1130/38][1023].  "Alanus de Perci" donated property "in Oxeneham et…in Hetune" to Whitby, for the souls of "Alani de Perci patris mei et…matris meć", by undated charter witnessed by "Willelmo de Perci et Henrico de Perci fratribus meis, Pichot de Perci"[1024].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Percy xi l vi s viii d" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][1025].  The 1165/66 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Pci" accounting for ".cccc. m. p uxore Robti de Ross hnda" in Yorkshire[1026].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Percy xxx m" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][1027].  A charter dated to [1190/95] confirmed a donation of property to the canons of Bridlington by “Emma de Gant…et Willelmus de Percy filius eius[1028].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated property to Sawley abbey, with the consent of “Adelidć uxoris meć et Alani hćredis mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Roberto de Percy…[1029].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated property to Sawley abbey by undated charter, witnessed by “Alano de Percy, filio eiusdem Willielmi de Perci…Robertus de Percy[1030].  "Willelmus de Perci" confirmed property of Whitby, for the souls of "Willelmi de Perci avi mei et Alani de Perci patris mei et Emmć de Gant matris meć et pro Aliza uxore mea et pro hćr. nostris", including donations by "Walterus de Perci frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "…Robertus filius Pichot de Perci…"[1031].  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family records that “Willielmus de Percy”, son of “Alanus de Percy”, was buried “apud Whiteby[1032]m firstly ALICE de Tonbridge, daughter of --- (-before 1166).  "Willelmus de Perci" confirmed property of Whitby, for the souls of "Willelmi de Perci avi mei et Alani de Perci patris mei et Emmć de Gant matris meć et pro Aliza uxore mea et pro hćr. nostris", including donations by "Walterus de Perci frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "…Robertus filius Pichot de Perci…"[1033].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated property to Sawley abbey, with the consent of “Adelidć uxoris meć et Alani hćredis mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Roberto de Percy…[1034].  “Mathildis de Percy comitissa de Warwic, filia Willielmi de Perci” donated property to Sawley abbey, for the souls of “…patris mei Willielmi de Percy et Adalidis de Tunbrige matris meć…”, by undated charter[1035].  The reference to Tonbridge suggests that she may have been Adelisa de Clare, daughter of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare & his wife Agnes [Adelisa] of Chester.  [1036]m secondly ([1165/66]) as her second husband, SIBYLLE de Valoignes, widow of ROBERT de Ros, daughter of --- (-after 1212, bur Nun Appleton Priory).  Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the 1165/66 Pipe Roll which records "Wills de Pci" accounting for ".cccc. m. p uxore Robti de Ross hnda" in Yorkshire[1037].  Evidently William de Percy failed to pay the full amount at the time, as the 1169/70 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Pci" paying "L. m. p uxore Robti de Ross habenda" in Yorkshire[1038].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated Topcliffe church to York Cathedral, for the souls of “uxoris meć Sybillć…filiorum quoque et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter witnessed by “Sybilla de Valloniis…[1039].  It is assumed that the first witness was the donor´s wife but this is not specified in the document.  She married thirdly ([1181/82]) Ralph de Albini Brito.  Her third marriage is confirmed by the 1181/82 Pipe Roll which records "Radulfus de Alben" accounting for ".cc. m pro ducenda matre Ebrardi de Ros" in Yorkshire[1040].  William & his first wife had [four or more] children: 

a)         ALAN de Percy (-before 1174).  “Willielmus de Percy” donated property to Sawley abbey by undated charter, witnessed by “Alano de Percy, filio eiusdem Willielmi de Perci…Robertus de Percy[1041].  “Mathildis de Percy comitissa de Warwic, filia Willielmi de Perci” donated property to Sawley abbey, for the souls of “Willielmi comitis Warwich quondam sponsi mei…patris mei Willielmi de Percy et Adalidis de Tunbrige matris meć et Alani de Percy fratris mei et Agnetis sororis meć”, by undated charter[1042]

b)         son or sons .  The fact that William had more than one son is demonstrated by the undated charter under which “Willielmus de Percy” donated Topcliffe church to York Cathedral, for the souls of “uxoris meć Sybillć…filiorum quoque et filiarum mearum[1043]

c)         MATILDA de Percy (-[Nov 1202/13 Oct 1204], bur Fountaine Abbey).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Matildem et Agnetem” as the daughters and heiresses of “Willielmus de Percy”, adding that Matilda married “Willielmo comiti Warrewyk” but died childless[1044].  “Mathildis de Percy comitissa de Warwic, filia Willielmi de Perci” donated property to Sawley abbey, for the souls of “Willielmi comitis Warwich quondam sponsi mei…patris mei Willielmi de Percy et Adalidis de Tunbrige matris meć et Alani de Percy fratris mei et Agnetis sororis meć”, by undated charter[1045].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "comitissa de Warewyke" paying "xv l de parte sua de feodo Willelmi de Percy" in Yorkshire[1046]m (before 28 Dec 1175) as his second wife, WILLIAM Earl of Warwick, son of ROGER Earl of Warwick & his wife Gundred de Warenne (-Palestine 15 Nov 1184). 

d)         AGNES de Percy (-[end 1202/13 Oct 1204]).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Matildem et Agnetem” as the daughters and heiresses of “Willielmus de Percy”, adding that Agnes married “Goselino Lovayn fratri Ducis Brabantić[1047].  “Mathildis de Percy comitissa de Warwic, filia Willielmi de Perci” donated property to Sawley abbey, for the souls of “…patris mei Willielmi de Percy et Adalidis de Tunbrige matris meć et Alani de Percy fratris mei et Agnetis sororis meć”, by undated charter[1048].  "Agnes de Perci…in viduetatis meć" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Samara" made by "Willelmus de Perci pater meus" to Whitby, for the soul of "Jocelini mariti mei defuncti", by undated charter[1049].  “Agnes de Percy” confirmed donations of property by “Matildis comitissa de Warwicke soror mea” to Sawley abbey, for the souls of “Jocelini quondam sponsi mei et Willielmi de Percy patris mei et Adelidis de Tunebrigge matris meć”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…W. de Percy…[1050].  “Agnes de Percy” made a grant to the hospital of St Peter, York, after the death of “sponsi mei Jocelini de Luvain”, by charter dated to [1182/85][1051]m (after 1154) JOSCELIN de Louvain, [illegitimate] son of GODEFROI V "le Barbu" Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Comte de Louvain & [his mistress ---] (-1180). 

William had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

e)         ADELISA de Percy .  Her origin is indicated by the undated charter under which her son “Henricus de Putheaco” donated property to Sawley abbey, for the soul of “Adelidis de Perci matris meć et Dionisić sponsć meć…Willielmi de Perci[1052].  m RICHARD de Moreville, son of ---.  Mistress of HUGUES du Puiset Bishop of Durham, son of HUGUES [III] Seigneur du Puiset, Vicomte de Chartres, Comte de Corbeil & his wife Agnes de Blois (-3 Mar 1195). 

2.         WALTER de Percy (-after 1153).  “Walterus de Perci” granted property to “Hernisio filio Besing” by charter dated to [1142/54] which names “Willelmi de Perci fratris mei[1053].  "Willelmus de Perci" confirmed property of Whitby, including the donation of land "in Newtune" made by "Walterus de Perci frater meus", by undated charter[1054].  “Willelmus de Perci” granted property to Whitby Abbey, for the soul of “Walteri fratris mei”, by charter dated to [1142/54][1055]m (before 1153) as her third husband, AVICE de Rumilly, widow firstly of WILLIAM de Courcy and secondly of WILLIAM Paynell, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRanulf du Bessin, of Skipton-in-Craven & his wife Cecily de Rumilly (-after 1153).  “Amicia filia Cecilie de Rumilli” confirmed donations to the canons of St Mary, for the soul of “Willelmi de Curci filii mei”, by charter dated to [1138/50], witnessed by “Willelmo de Curci filio meo…[1056].  An undated manuscript relating to Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire records that “Avicia de Romely domina de Bescaudeby” married ”Willielmum Paynel”, and had “filium Willielmum de Curci et filiam Aliciam[1057].  “Avicia de Romelli” notified her donation to the canons of Drax, for the soul of “Willelmi Paganelli mariti mei”, with the consent of “domini Roberti de Gant et Adelicie filie mee uxoris eiusdem Roberti”, by charter dated to [1147/52], witnessed by “Robertus de Gant et Adelicia Paganella uxor eius et Adelicia soror Roberti de Gant…[1058].  The primary source which confirms her third marriage has not yet been identified.   Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Avicia mater Willelmi de Curcy" held two knights´ fees from "Roberti de Gant" in Yorkshire[1059]

3.         HENRY de Percy .  "Alanus de Perci" donated property "in Oxeneham et…in Hetune" to Whitby, for the souls of "Alani de Perci patris mei et…matris meć", by undated charter witnessed by "Willelmo de Perci et Henrico de Perci fratribus meis, Pichot de Perci"[1060].  "Henricus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxenaham et…in Hetunia" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus de Perci frater meus…Gaufridus frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Gaufridus de Perci frater meus, Robertus frater meus de Perci, Johannes filius Rodberti de Perci, Gosfridus clericus frater meus, Robertus filius Walteri de Perci, Gilbertus filius Hugonis de Perci…"[1061].  "Gaufridus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxanham et…in Hetun" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus frater meus in vita sua", by undated charter witnessed by "Henricus de Perci, Robertus Tirel et eius frater Alanus…"[1062]

4.         [GEOFFREY de Percy .  "Henricus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxenaham et…in Hetunia" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus de Perci frater meus…Gaufridus frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Gaufridus de Perci frater meus, Robertus frater meus de Perci, Johannes filius Rodberti de Perci, Gosfridus clericus frater meus, Robertus filius Walteri de Perci, Gilbertus filius Hugonis de Perci…"[1063].  "Gaufridus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxanham et…in Hetun" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus frater meus in vita sua", by undated charter witnessed by "Henricus de Perci, Robertus Tirel et eius frater Alanus…"[1064].  It is not known whether Geoffrey was his father´s legitimate or illegitimate son.] 

5.         [ROBERT de Percy .  "Henricus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxenaham et…in Hetunia" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus de Perci frater meus…Gaufridus frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Gaufridus de Perci frater meus, Robertus frater meus de Perci, Johannes filius Rodberti de Perci, Gosfridus clericus frater meus, Robertus filius Walteri de Perci, Gilbertus filius Hugonis de Perci…"[1065].  It is not known whether Robert was his father´s legitimate or illegitimate son.] 

6.         [GODFREY de Percy .  "Henricus de Perci" confirmed the donation of property "in Oxenaham et…in Hetunia" to Whitby made by "D´nus Alanus de Perci frater meus…Gaufridus frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Gaufridus de Perci frater meus, Robertus frater meus de Perci, Johannes filius Rodberti de Perci, Gosfridus clericus frater meus, Robertus filius Walteri de Perci, Gilbertus filius Hugonis de Perci…"[1066].  It is not known whether Godfrey was his father´s legitimate or illegitimate son.] 

Alan de Percy had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:

7.          ALAN de Percy (-before 1153).  Ailred of Rievaulx names “Alani de Perci magni Alani filius nothus” among those serving under David King of Scotland at the battle of the Standard in 1138[1067]…Alanus filius Alani de Perci…” witnessed a charter dated to [1133/44] under which “Roberto filius Fulconis” donated property to the monks of Whitby[1068].  "Alanus de Perci" donated property "in Oxeneham et…in Hetune" to Whitby, for the souls of "Alani de Perci patris mei et…matris meć", by undated charter (dated to before 1153) witnessed by "Willelmo de Perci et Henrico de Perci fratribus meis, Pichot de Perci"[1069]. 

 

 

JOSCELIN de Louvain, [illegitimate] son of GODEFROI V "le Barbu" Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Comte de Louvain & [his mistress ---] (-1180).  His parentage is confirmed by a manuscript genealogy of the Percy family which names “Matildem et Agnetem” as the daughters and heiresses of “Willielmus de Percy”, adding that Agnes married “Goselino Lovayn fratri Ducis Brabantić[1070].  It appears likely that he was illegitimate.  If it is correct that he married after 1154, he would have been rather old at that date to have been born from Duke Godefroi´s first marriage.  On the other hand, Duke Godefroi´s second wife was probably too old to have given birth to children after her marriage with the duke.  Joscelin accompanied his half-sister Adelisa to England when she married King Henry I in 1121.  He was granted the honour of Petworth, Sussex by Queen Adelisa before 1151.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Jocelin de Lovein xv m et dimidiam" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][1071].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Jocelinus frater Reginć vi l" in Yorkshire in [1171/72][1072].  "…Jocelino fratre regine…" subscribed the charter dated to [Aug 1177/Jun 1181] under which Henry II King of England confirmed donations to the cathedral of Chartres[1073]

m (after 1154) AGNES de Percy, daughter & co-heiress of WILLIAM de Percy & his first wife Alice de Tonbridge (-[end 1202/13 Oct 1204]).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Matildem et Agnetem” as the daughters and heiresses of “Willielmus de Percy”, adding that Agnes married “Goselino Lovayn fratri Ducis Brabantić[1074].  “Mathildis de Percy comitissa de Warwic, filia Willielmi de Perci” donated property to Sawley abbey, for the souls of “…patris mei Willielmi de Percy et Adalidis de Tunbrige matris meć et Alani de Percy fratris mei et Agnetis sororis meć”, by undated charter[1075].  "Agnes de Perci…in viduetatis meć" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Samara" made by "Willelmus de Perci pater meus" to Whitby, for the soul of "Jocelini mariti mei defuncti", by undated charter[1076].  “Agnes de Percy” confirmed donations of property by “Matildis comitissa de Warwicke soror mea” to Sawley abbey, for the souls of “Jocelini quondam sponsi mei et Willielmi de Percy patris mei et Adelidis de Tunebrigge matris meć”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…W. de Percy…[1077].  “Agnes de Percy” made a grant to the hospital of St Peter, York, after the death of “sponsi mei Jocelini de Luvain”, by charter dated to [1182/85][1078].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Agnes de Percy" paying "xx s per Simonem de Kime, ii milites" in Lincolnshire[1079].  The connection between Agnes de Percy and Simon de Kyme has not yet been established.  However, one explanation could be that he was her grandson, son of Agnes´s daughter, as discussed more fully below.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Agnes de Percy" among those granted delayed payment "per brevia" in Lincolnshire[1080]

Joscelin & his wife had [eight] children (who assumed the name “Percy” from their mother): 

1.         HENRY de Percy (-before Nov 1198, bur Saint-Lo, Rouen).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum et Ricardum fratrem eius” as the children of “Goselino Lovayn fratri Ducis Brabantić” & his wife[1081].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Henricus de Percy" in Sussex[1082].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Henricus de Percy" paying "xxii l xs" in Sussex[1083]m ([1180]) as her first husband, ISABEL de Brus, daughter of ADAM de Brus of Skelton, Yorkshire & his wife Iveta de Arches ([1168/70]-after 1230).  A charter dated to [1190/96] notified that “Adam de Brus” granted property to “Henrico de Perci et Isabelle filie mee uxori sue” on their marriage[1084].  This suggests that Isabel must have been only eleven years old at the most at the time of her marriage, assuming that her father´s dates of marriage and death are correctly stated above.  “Juetta de Arches” granted property to “Isabelle de Brus filie mee” by charter dated to 1192[1085].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   She married secondly Roger Mauduit.  Henry de Percy & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Percy ([1196/98]-shortly before 28 Jul 1245, probably bur Salley Abbey, his heart bur at Sandown Hospital with his first wife).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Willielmum” as son of “Henricum”, adding that he was born during the lifetime of his paternal grandmother[1086].  The Percy inheritance was split between him and his uncle Richard de Percy. 

-        see below

b)         HENRY de Percy of Heyshott ([1196/98]-).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

2.         RICHARD de Percy (-1244).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum et Ricardum fratrem eius” as the children of “Goselino Lovayn fratri Ducis Brabantić” & his wife[1087].  The Percy inheritance was split between him and his nephew William de Percy (his nephew, son of his older brother William).  Richard received those parts in the hands of his mother, but on his death this moiety reverted to William.  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Durham, dated to [1208/10]: "Ricardus de Percy" held "ereditario de…baronia in Het et in Cessai feodum i militis"[1088].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Ricardus de Percy" holding 15 knights´ fees in Yorkshire in [1210/12][1089].  He was one of the 25 Barons who enforced the provisions of Magna Carta 1215.  “Ricardus de Percy” confirmed the donation of Topcliffe church to York Cathedral by “Willielmi de Percy avi mei”, by charter dated 13 Apr 1226, witnessed by “…Henrico de Percy…[1090]m firstly ALICE, daughter of ---.  m secondly as her first husband, AGNES de Neville, daughter of GEOFFREY de Neville of Raby in Northumberland & his wife Joan --- (-[16 Jun 1285/20 Jul 1293]).   The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.   She married secondly (before 12 Nov 1251) John [II] Deincourt.  Richard had one [illegitimate] son by [an unknown mistress]: 

a)         Sir HENRY [de Percy].  Probably illegitimate, as he did not inherit his father’s moiety of the Percy barony.  He may have been “…Henrico de Percy…” who witnessed the charter dated 13 Apr 1226 under which “Ricardus de Percy” confirmed the donation of Topcliffe church to York Cathedral by “Willielmi de Percy avi mei[1091].  He was granted the manor of Settle by his father.  Living 1267.  m ---.  The name of Sir Henry´s wife is not known.  Sir Henry & his wife had one child: 

i)           ALEXANDER .  His father gave him land in Arram, parish of Leconfield. 

3.         JOSCELIN (-[1239], bur Priory Church Ludford, Lincoln).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

4.         RADULF .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

5.         ELEANOR .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Domesday Descendants records the marriage of William Pantulf and "Eleanor eldest daughter of Joscelin de Louvain before 1174", and his acquiring Hambledon, Hampshire on the marriage, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1092]m (before 1174) WILLIAM Pantulf, son of ---. 

6.         MATILDA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m (before 1204) JOHN de Daiville, son of ---.  

7.         LUCY .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Nun at Stixwould. 

8.         [HAWISE (-after 1194).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Agnes de Percy" paying "xx s per Simonem de Kime, ii milites" in Lincolnshire[1093].  It is assumed that "Simonem de Kime" can be identified as Simon, son of Philip de Kyme and his wife Hawise.  The connection between Agnes de Percy (presumably the widow of Joscelin de Louvain, see above) and Simon de Kyme has not yet been established.  However, it is highly unusual in the Red Book to find a widow recorded as paying scutage on behalf of another person (this is the only example which has been noted so far during the preparation of the present document).  The entry therefore suggests a close family relationship between the two.  Simon de Kyme was a minor in [1190/91] (a curia regis entry records that "Sim de Kima" replaced "Hawisie matris ipsius Sim" in a lawsuit relating to the dowry of "Agnete de Amundevill" in 1194[1094], demonstrating that he must have acted through his mother as guardian until that date).  The death of his father is estimated in [1189].  In the normal course of events, one would have expected Simon´s mother to have acted on his behalf in transactions in [1190/91].  However, if she was temporarily unavailable for some reason (illness, childbirth…), it is possible that she would have been replaced by her own widowed mother, who would therefore have been Simon´s maternal grandmother.  The name of Simon´s mother is recorded in other sources as Hawise, for example the undated charter under which “Philippus de Kima et uxor eius Hahewissa” confirmed donations to Bullington priory, Lincolnshire by "Simon filius Willelmi pater meus"[1095]m PHILIP de Kyme, son of SIMON de Kyme & his wife Agnes --- (-[1189]).] 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

WILLIAM de Percy, son of HENRY de Percy & his wife Isabel de Brus ([1196/98]-shortly before 28 Jul 1245, bur Sawley Abbey, his heart bur at Sandown Hospital with his first wife).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Willielmum” as son of “Henricum”, adding that he was born during the lifetime of his paternal grandmother[1096].  The Percy inheritance was split between him and his uncle Richard de Percy.  William received those parts in the hands of his great aunt Matilda Ctss of Warwick, but on his uncle’s death the latter’s moiety reverted to William.  During his minority he was in the guardianship of Sir William Briwere, one of whose daughters he married.  He attained full age between 1212 and 1214.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willemus de Percy" holding 15 knights´ fees "de honore de Tadecastre" in Yorkshire in [1210/12][1097].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees of William Briwere, dated 1234, records "porcio Willelmi de Percy cum filiabus suis...filiarum et heredum Johanne que fuit uxor Willelmi de Percy"[1098].  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family records that “Willielmum”, son of “Henricum”, was buried “apud Sallay[1099]

m firstly JOAN de Briwere, daughter of Sir WILLIAM Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-before 12 Jun 1233, bur Sandown Hospital, Surrey).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees of William Briwere, dated 1234, records "porcio Willelmi de Percy cum filiabus suis...filiarum et heredum Johanne que fuit uxor Willelmi de Percy"[1100]

m secondly ([1233/35]) ELLEN de Balliol heiress of Dalton (Percy), co. Durham, daughter of INGELRAN de Balliol & his wife --- (-shortly before 22 Nov 1281).  She is recorded as the daughter of Ingelran de Balliol[1101]

William & his first wife had five children (who were co-heiresses of William Briwere the younger, their maternal uncle, who died shortly before Feb 1233):

1.         JOANm --- de Ferlington, son of ---.

2.         AGNES (-after 1276).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   King Edward I confirmed the grant by "Agnes de Balliol to her son Ingeram de Balliol of her land at Foxton" for five years from 11 Jun 1275, by charter dated 5 May 1276[1102]m EUSTACE de Balliol, son of EUSTACE de Balliol & his wife --- (-after Sep 1262).

3.         ALICEm Sir RALPH Bermingham, son of ---.

4.         ANASTASIA .  A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Radulfum filium Ranulphi" married "Anastasia filia Wilelmi domini de Percy filii Henrici Percy primi"[1103]m RALPH FitzRandulf, son of RANDULF FitzRobert of Middleham, Yorkshire & his wife Mary Bigod of the Earls of Norfolk (-31 Mar 1258). 

5.         daughter . 

William & his second wife had six children:

6.         Sir HENRY de Percy ([1235]-29 Aug 1272, bur Sawley).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum de Percy, Walterum, Willielmum et Ingeramum” as children of “Willielmus”, son of “Henricum”, adding that Henry was buried “juxta patrem suum apud Sallay[1104]m (York 8 Sep 1268) ELEANOR de Warenne, daughter of JOHN de Warenne Earl of Surrey & his wife Alice de Lusignan (1251-after 1282, bur Sallay).  Sir Henry & his wife had three children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Percy .  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Willielmum, Johannem et Henricum” as the children of “Henricus hćres et primogenitus…Willielmi”, adding that William died without heirs[1105]

b)         JOHN de Percy (1270-[16 Jun 1285/20 Jul 1293]).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Willielmum, Johannem et Henricum” as the children of “Henricus hćres et primogenitus…Willielmi”, adding that John died without heirs[1106]

c)         HENRY de Percy (Petworth posthumously [25 Mar] 1273-2/10 Oct 1314, bur Fountains Abbey).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Willielmum, Johannem et Henricum” as the children of “Henricus hćres et primogenitus…Willielmi”, adding that Henry was buried “apud Fontes[1107].  “Henricus filius et hćres domini Henrici de Perci” donated property to Sawley abbey by charter dated “in festo nativitatis beatć Marić virginis anno regni Regis Edwardi filii Regis Edwardi septimo” (1314)[1108].  Summoned to Parliament from 6 Feb 1298/9, whereby he is held to have become Lord Percy.  Regent of England during the King’s absence abroad 1297/8.  ”Henricus filius Henrici de Percy” confirmed donations of property to Whitby by charter dated 20 Apr 1308, among which a donation by “Alanus de Percy”, for the souls of “Willielmi de Percy patris mei et Emmć de Porte matris meć”, witnessed by “Willielmus et Ricardus fratres mei, Pyeot de Percy…[1109]m ([1294]) ELEANOR, sister of Sir RICHARD de Arundel, daughter of --- (-Jul/Aug 1328, bur Beverley).  Henry & his wife had two children: 

i)          HENRY de Percy (1301-Warkworth end Feb 1352, bur Alnwick).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum et Willielmum” as the children of “Henricus hćres et primogenitus…Willielmi[1110].  He succeeded his father 1314 as 2nd Lord Percy. 

-         see below

ii)         WILLIAM (-after 13 Sep 1349).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum et Willielmum” as the children of “Henricus hćres et primogenitus…Willielmi[1111].  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349 names "Dominum Henricum de Percy filium meum, Dominum Willielmum de Percy fratrem meum, abbatem de Alnewyk…" among the executors[1112]

7.         WALTER (-after 1274).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum de Percy, Walterum, Willielmum et Ingeramum” as children of “Willielmus”, son of “Henricum[1113].  "Walter de Percy of Kyldale" paid a fine of 80 marks for marrying "Cristiana widow of Walter de Lindeseye" without King Edward´s permission by charter dated 14 Jun 1275[1114]m (before 23 Sep 1274) as her second husband, CHRISTIANA , widow of WALTER de Lindsay, daughter of ---.  Alexander III King of Scotland informed Edward I King of England that "with his assent Cristiana widow of Walter de Lyndesay had married Walter de Percy" by letter dated 23 Sep 1274[1115]

8.         WILLIAM of Dalton Percy .  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum de Percy, Walterum, Willielmum et Ingeramum” as children of “Willielmus”, son of “Henricum[1116]m EVA, daughter of ---.  

9.         INGRAM of Dalton Percy (-before 24 Oct 1262).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum de Percy, Walterum, Willielmum et Ingeramum” as children of “Willielmus”, son of “Henricum[1117].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Ingelramus de Perci” died in 1262[1118]m (1262) as her first husband, JEANNE de Vivonne, daughter of GUILLAUME de Vivonne "de Fortibus" & his wife Matilda de Ferrers ([1250/52]-1 Jun 1314[1119]).  Henry III King of England granted, 2 Aug 1259, "the wardship of the lands late of William de Fortibus" to "Ingram de Percy, Peter de Chauuvent and Imbert de Muntferaunt" and the marriages of the deceased´s four daughters, the eldest to Ingram[1120].  The fact of her first marriage is confirmed by the grant, 10 Oct 1262, of the marriage of "the eldest daughter and one of the heirs of William de Fortibus, late the wife of Ingram de Percy" to Queen Eleanor[1121].  She married secondly (before 15 Jul 1269) Aimery [X] de Rochechouart, who later succeeded his father as Vicomte de Rochechouart, and thirdly Reynold FitzPiers.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the Somersetshire Pleas for 15 Jul 1269 which include a record that "Aunsell de Gurnay and his wife Sibyl" warranted "Emery de Roche Chaward, son of Emery de Roche Chaward, and Joan his wife, Sibyl, Mabel and Cecily, the daughters and heirs of William de Fortibus" relating to land in "Corfton"[1122].  Edward I King of England granted, 15 Dec 1290, "letters to Joan de Vivonia, going beyond the seas, nominating Henry de Somery and Roger de Essex her attorneys for one year"[1123], which suggests that her second husband had died and that Jeanne had subsequently settled in England.  Edward I King of England granted, 4 Jul 1300, a licence for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton to "Peter son of Reginald"[1124].  Edward I King of England granted, 4 Jul 1300, a licence for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant the manor of Chuyton (Luyton) ("being her share of the inheritance of William de Fortibus") to "Peter son of Reginald"[1125].  Her parentage and third marriage are confirmed by, firstly, a  licence granted by the sheriff of Bedford 10 Jun 1304 for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant part of the manor of Luyton "being her purparty of the inheritance of Matilda de Kyme her mother" to "Reginald son of Peter", and a licence granted by the sheriff of Somerset 20 Jun 1304 for "Joan, late the wife of Reginald son of Peter" to grant part of the manor of Midsummer Norton "her purparty of the inheritance of William de Fortibus her father" to "Reginald son of Reginald"[1126]

10.      JOSCELIN

11.      ALICE

 

 

HENRY de Percy, son of Sir HENRY de Percy & his wife Eleanor --- (1301-Warkworth end Feb 1352, bur Alnwick).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum et Willielmum” as the children of “Henricus hćres et primogenitus…Willielmi[1127].  He succeeded his father 1314 as 2nd Lord Percy.  He was given custody of Alnwick Castle Oct 1318.  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349, requests burial "in ecclesia beatć Marić de Salley", and makes bequests to "Henricus de Percy filius meus… Imanić uxori meć…Marić uxori eiusdem Henrici…Thomć de Percy filio meo…Rogero filio meo…Margaretć filić meć…Isabellć filić meć…Domino Johanni filio Walteri…Domino Willielmo de Aton…Domino Gilberto de Aton…Domino Willielmo de Percy…Domino Radulpho de Nevill…Domino Waltero de Creyk…" and names "Dominum Henricum de Percy filium meum, Dominum Willielmum de Percy fratrem meum, abbatem de Alnewyk…" among the executors[1128]

m ([1321 or before]) IDONIA [Imania] de Clifford, daughter of ROBERT de Clifford 1st Lord Clifford & his wife Matilda de Clare (-24 Aug 1365, bur Beverley Minster, under the “Percy Shrine”).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family records that “Henricum”, son of “Henricus hćres et primogenitus…Willielmi”, married “Idoniam de Clifford[1129].  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349 and makes bequests to "…Imanić uxori meć…"[1130]

Henry & his wife had nine children: 

1.         HENRY de Percy ([1321 or before]-[18 May] 1368, bur Alnwick).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum et Willielmum et Ricardum” as the sons of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford[1131].  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349 and makes bequests to "Henricus de Percy filius meus…Marić uxori eiusdem Henrici…Thomć de Percy filio meo…Rogero filio meo…" and names "Dominum Henricum de Percy filium meum, Dominum Willielmum de Percy fratrem meum, abbatem de Alnewyk…" among the executors[1132].  He succeeded his father in 1352 as 3rd Lord Percy.  m firstly (Tutbury Castle [Sep or before] 1334) MARY of Lancaster, daughter of HENRY Earl of Lancaster & his wife Matilda Chaworth ([1320/21]-1 Sep 1362, bur Alnwick, Northumberland).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family records that “Henricus primogenitus”, son of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford”, married “Mariam filiam domini Henrici comitis Lancastrić[1133].  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349 and makes bequests to "Henricus de Percy filius meus…Marić uxori eiusdem Henrici…Thomć de Percy filio meo…Rogero filio meo…"[1134]m secondly (May 1365 or before) as her first husband, JOAN Orreby, daughter & heiress of JOHN 2nd Lord Orreby & his wife Margaret --- (-end Jul 1369).  She married secondly Sir Constantine Clifton.  Henry & his first wife had three children: 

a)         HENRY de Percy (10 Nov 1341-killed in battle Bramham Moor, near Tadcaster 19 Feb 1408, bur York Minster).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family records the birth 10 Nov 1341 of “Henricus primogenitus”, son of “Henricus” and his wife “Mariam filiam domini Henrici comitis Lancastrić[1135].  Thomas Percy Bishop of Norwich, in his testament dated 25 May 1368, names "Sir Thomas Percy and Sir Henry Percy my nephews…" among his beneficiaries[1136].  He succeeded his father 1368 as 4th Lord Percy.  Marshal of England 1376.  Created 1st Earl of Northumberland at the coronation of King Richard II 16 Jul 1377.   

-        see below

b)         THOMAS de Percy ([1343]-beheaded 23 Jul 1403, bur Shrewsbury St Peter).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Thomas secundus filius” of “Henricus” and his wife “Mariam filiam domini Henrici comitis Lancastrić[1137].  Thomas Percy Bishop of Norwich, in his testament dated 25 May 1368, names "Sir Thomas Percy and Sir Henry Percy my nephews…" among his beneficiaries[1138].  He was created Earl of Worcester in 1397.  Thomas had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

i)           Sir THOMAS Percy (-after 1418). 

c)         MATILDA de Percy m (Jan 1377) JOHN de Southeray, illegitimate son of EDWARD III King of England & his mistress Alice Perrers ([1364/65]-after 1383). 

Henry & his second wife had two children:

d)         son (-in infancy). 

e)         MARY (1367-York 25 Aug 1394).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievall Abbey records that "Johannem", son of "Thomas de Roos" and his wife "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordić", married "Mariam de Orebe --- comitis Northumbrić"[1139]m (before 12 Jun 1382) JOHN de Ros, son of THOMAS de Ros Lord Ros (of Helmsley) & his wife Beatrice de Stafford ([1363/68]-Paphos, Cyprus 6 Aug 1393, bur Rievaulx).  He succeeded his father in 1384 as Lord Ros (of Helmsley). 

2.         THOMAS de Percy (-[25 May 1368/17 Nov 1369]).  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349 and makes bequests to "Henricus de Percy filius meus…Marić uxori eiusdem Henrici…Thomć de Percy filio meo…Rogero filio meo…"[1140].  Bishop of Norwich 1356.  Thomas Percy Bishop of Norwich, in his testament dated 25 May 1368 and proved 17 Nov 1369, names "Sir Thomas Percy and Sir Henry Percy my nephews…Dame Margaret de Ferrers my sister…Matilda Nevill my sister…William d´Aton my nephew…Sir Edward St John…Lady Wingfield" as his beneficiaries[1141]

3.         ROGER de Percy .  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349 and makes bequests to "Henricus de Percy filius meus…Marić uxori eiusdem Henrici…Thomć de Percy filio meo…Rogero filio meo…"[1142]

4.         ROBERT de Percy .

5.         WILLIAM de Percy .  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum et Willielmum et Ricardum” as the sons of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford[1143]

6.         RICHARD de Percy .  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Henricum et Willielmum et Ricardum” as the sons of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford[1144]

7.         ALIANORA (-before 18 Oct 1361, bur Dunmow Priory).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Alianoram, Matildem…et Isabellam” as the daughters of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford[1145]m JOHN Lord FitzWalter, son of Sir ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter, Essex & his wife Joan de Multon ([1311/12]-18 Oct 1361, bur Dunmow Priory). 

8.         MARGARET (-Gyng [Buttsbury], Essex 2 Sep 1375, bur [Chelmsford Church of the Friars Preachers]).  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349 and makes bequests to "…Margaretć filić meć…Isabellć filić meć…"[1146].  Her parentage is confirmed, and her second marriage indicated, by the testament of Thomas Percy Bishop of Norwich, dated 25 May 1368, which names "…Dame Margaret de Ferrers my sister…Matilda Nevill my sister…" among his beneficiaries[1147].  The order in which the sisters are named suggests that Margaret was the older.  However, this cannot be considered conclusive as the same document reverses the order of the testator´s nephews Thomas and Henry Percy.  m firstly (licence 20 Jan 1340) Sir ROBERT de Umfraville, son of GILBERT de Umfraville Earl of Angus & his first wife Joan Willoughby (-before 25 May 1368).  m secondly (before 25 May 1368) WILLIAM de Ferrers Lord Ferrers of Groby, son of HENRY de Ferrers Lord Ferrers of Groby & his Isabel de Verdon (Newbold Vernon, Leicestershire 28 Feb 1333-Stebbing 8 Jan 1371). 

9.         MATILDA (-before 18 Feb 1378).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Alianoram, Matildem…et Isabellam” as the daughters of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford[1148].  Her marriage is indicated by the testament of Thomas Percy Bishop of Norwich, dated 25 May 1368, which names "…Dame Margaret de Ferrers my sister…Matilda Nevill my sister…" among his beneficiaries[1149].  The order in which the sisters are named suggests that Margaret was the older.  However, this cannot be considered conclusive as the same document reverses the order of the testator´s nephews Thomas and Henry Percy.  “Michael de la Pole miles, dominus de Wingfeild” founded Kingston-upon-Hull priory, for the souls of “…Radulphi de Nevill patris et Alesić matris…Johannis [de Nevill domini de Raby] et Matildć quondam uxoris eiusdem Johannis”, by charter dated 18 Feb 1378[1150]m as his first wife, JOHN Lord Neville of Raby, son of RALPH Lord Neville & his wife Alice de Audley (1341-1388).

10.      ISABEL (-[before 25 May 1368]).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family names “Alianoram, Matildem…et Isabellam” as the daughters of “Henricus” and his wife “Idoniam de Clifford[1151].  The testament of "Dominus Henricus de Percy Senior" is dated 13 Sep 1349 and makes bequests to "…Isabellć filić meć…Domino Willielmo de Aton…Domino Gilberto de Aton…"[1152].  Her marriage is suggested by the testament of Thomas Percy Bishop of Norwich, dated 25 May 1368, which names "…William d´Aton my nephew…" as one of his beneficiaries[1153].  As the testator names his other two sisters, it is suggested that Isabel must have died before the date of the will.  m (after 1350) Sir WILLIAM Aton, son of Sir GILBERT Aton of West Ayton, Yorkshire & his wife --- (-before Mar 1389).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1371 whereby he is held to have become Lord Aton. 

 

 

HENRY de Percy, son of HENRY Percy 3rd Lord Percy & his first wife Mary of Lancaster (10 Nov 1341-killed in battle Bramham Moor, near Tadcaster 19 Feb 1408, bur York Minster).  A manuscript genealogy of the Percy family records the birth 10 Nov 1341 of “Henricus primogenitus”, son of “Henricus” and his wife “Mariam filiam domini Henrici comitis Lancastrić[1154].  He succeeded his father in 1368 as 4th Lord Percy.  Marshal of England 1376.  Created 1st Earl of Northumberland at the coronation of King Richard II 16 Jul 1377.  The Liber Vitć of Durham names "Henricus Percy, Comes Northumbrić Henricus, Thomas, Radulphus filii eius, Gilbertus Umfranville, Comes Dangus, Dńs Johannes Neuylle, Dńs Radulphus filius eius"[1155].  After playing a prominent part in the deposition of King Richard and the succession of King Henry IV, he was made Constable of England for life 30 Sep 1399.  He fled to Scotland (from there to Wales and Brittany) 1405 after plotting against the King.  He was attainted by Parliament 1406, when his honours were forfeited.  He was killed in battle after he returned to England with a force. 

m firstly (Brancepeth 12 Jul 1358) as her second husband, MARGARET de Neville, widow of WILLIAM de Ros of Hamelanke, daughter of RALPH de Neville Lord Neville of Raby & his wife Alice de Audley (-May 1372). 

m secondly (15 Dec 1381 or before) as her second husband, MATILDA de Lucy Baroness Lucy, widow of GILBERT de Umfraville Earl of Angus, daughter of THOMAS de Lucy Lord Lucy of Egremont & his wife Margaret de Multon (-18 Dec 1398). 

Earl Henry & his first wife had three children:

1.         Sir HENRY Percy "Hotspur" (20 May 1364-killed in battle Shrewsbury 21 Jul 1403, bur Whitchurch, transferred Nov 1403 to York Minster).  The Liber Vitć of Durham names "Henricus Percy, Comes Northumbrić Henricus, Thomas, Radulphus filii eius…"[1156].  Lord Percy.  His main military campaigns were against Scotland.  He acted with his father to depose King Richard II, but his relations with King Henry IV deteriorated until he was in open rebellion, claiming the throne for his wife's nephew Edmund Mortimer.  He was killed at the battle of Shrewsbury against the King.  His insurrection was declared treason Jan 1404, and his lands forfeited.  m (before 10 Dec 1379) as her first husband, ELIZABETH Mortimer, daughter of EDMUND Mortimer 3rd Earl of March & his wife Philippa of Clarence (Usk, Monmouthshire 12 Feb 1371-20 Apr 1417, bur Trotton, Sussex).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Wigmore Abbey names “Elizabetha primogenita” as daughter of “Edmundo comite Marchić et Philippa consorte sua”, adding that she was born “apud Uske XII Feb 1371”, married “domino Henrico Percy, filio domini Henrici comitis Northumbrić[1157].  Sir Henry & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY (1393-1455).  He succeeded his grandfather as Earl of Northumberland, Constable of England.  

-        see below

b)         ELIZABETH (-26 Oct 1437)m firstly ([1403/12]) JOHN 7th Lord Clifford, son of THOMAS de Clifford Lord Clifford & his wife Elizabeth de Ros ([1388]-killed in battle Meaux 13 Mar 1422).  m secondly (contract 7 May 1426, dispensation after marriage 28 Nov 1426) RALPH Neville Earl of Westmoreland, son of Sir JOHN Neville Lord Neville & his wife Elizabeth de Holand (-1484). 

2.         Sir THOMAS Percy (-in Spain [1388]).  The Liber Vitć of Durham names "Henricus Percy, Comes Northumbrić Henricus, Thomas, Radulphus filii eius…"[1158]m ([1376/77]) as her first husband, ELIZABETH of Atholl, daughter and heiress of DAVID of Strathbogie Earl of Atholl & his wife Elizabeth Ferrers of Groby (-after 1415).  Sir Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         Sir HENRY Percy of Atholl (-1432).  m ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-[1440/41]).  Sir Henry & his wife had two children: 

i)          ELIZABETH (-1455).  m firstly THOMAS Burghm secondly Sir WILLIAM Lucy

ii)         MARGARET (-Sep 1464)m firstly (before 5 May 1434) Sir HENRY Grey Lord Grey of Codnor, son of Sir RICHARD Grey Lord Grey & his wife Elizabeth Basset ([1405]-17 Jul 1444).  m secondly Sir RICHARD de Vere, son of JOHN Earl of Oxford & his wife Elizabeth Howard . 

3.         Sir RALPH Percy (-15 Sep 1397).  The Liber Vitć of Durham names "Henricus Percy, Comes Northumbrić Henricus, Thomas, Radulphus filii eius…"[1159]m (before 20 Mar 1377, annulled) as her first husband, PHILIPPA of Atholl, daughter of DAVID of Strathbogie Earl of Atholl & his wife Elizabeth Ferrers of Groby (1362-2 Nov 1395)

 

 

HENRY Percy, son of HENRY Percy "Hotspur" Lord Percy & his wife Elizabeth Mortimer (1393-killed in battle St Albans 22 May 1455).  He succeeded his grandfather in 1408 as Earl of Northumberland

m (after Oct 1414) as her second husband, ELEANOR Neville, widow of RICHARD Le Despencer Lord Burghersh, daughter of RALPH Neville Earl of Westmoreland & his second wife Joan Beaufort (-1472).  A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johannam minorissam, Ricardum, Katherinam ducissam Norfolchie, Henricum mortuum, Thomam dominum de Seymour, Cuthbertum mortuum, Alienoram uxorem comitis Northumbrie, Robertum episcopum Dunelmie, Willelmum dominum de Fauconberge, Annam comitssam Staffordie, Johannem mortuum, Georgium dominum de Latymer, Ceciliam ducissam Eboraci, Edwardum dominum de Bergeny" as the children of "Radulphus dominus de Neuill et comes Westmorlandie" and his wife "Johanna filia Johannis ducis Lancastrie uxor secunda"[1160].  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Joan, wife firstly of Ferrers Baron of Ousley, and secondly of Ralph Earl of Westmoreland" as daughter of "John Duke of Lancaster" and mother (by her second husband) of "…Eleanor Countess of Northumberland…"[1161]

Henry & his wife had twelve children: 

1.         HENRY (-young). 

2.         JOHN (1418-young). 

3.         JOHN (-young). 

4.         JOAN .  Nun. 

5.         HENRY (25 Jul 1421-killed in battle Towton 29 Mar 1461, bur [York St Denis]).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Henry Earl of Northumberland" as son of "Eleanor Countess of Northumberland"[1162].  He succeeded his father as Earl of Northumberlandm (25 Jun 1435 or before) ELEANOR de Poynings, daughter of Sir RICHARD de Poynings & his second wife Eleanor de Arundel née Berkeley ([1422]-Feb 1484).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "dau and heir of the Lord Poynings" as wife of "Henry Earl of Northumberland"[1163].  She succeeded her paternal grandfather in 1446 as Baroness Poynings suo iure.  Henry & his wife had five children: 

a)         HENRY ([1449]-murdered Cock Lodge, near Topcliffe, Yorkshire 28 Apr 1489, bur Beverley Minster).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Henry Earl of Northumberland that wedded the sister of the Earl of Huntingdon" as son of "Henry Earl of Northumberland"[1164].  He succeeded his father as Earl of Northumberlandm ([1476]) MATILDA Herbert, daughter of WILLIAM Herbert Earl of Pembroke & his wife Anne Devereux (-before 27 Jul 1485, bur Beverley Minster).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Henry Earl of Northumberland that wedded the sister of the Earl of Huntingdon" as son of "Henry Earl of Northumberland"[1165].  Henry & his wife had eight children: 

i)          HENRY ALGERNON (14 Jan 1478-19 May 1527, bur Beverley).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Henry now Earl of Northumberland" as son of "Henry Earl of Northumberland"[1166].  He succeeded his father as Earl of Northumberlandm (before 1502) CATHERINE Spencer, daughter of Sir ROBERT Spencer of & his wife Eleanor Beaufort (1477-bur 19 Oct 1542, Beverley).  Their descendants were the later EARLS of NORTHUMBERLAND. 

ii)         Sir WILLIAM (-before 19 Sep 1540).  m (before 1516) as her second husband, AGNES Constable, widow of HENRY Ugtred, daughter of MARMADUKE Constable & his wife ---. 

iii)        ALAN (-1560).  Priest.  

iv)        JOSCELINE (-1532).  He left descendants.  

v)         ELEANOR (-13 Feb 1528, bur London, Greyfriars)m (contract 14 Dec 1490) EDWARD Stafford Duke of Buckingham, son of HENRY Stafford Duke of Buckingham & his wife Katherine Wydeville (Brecknock Castle 3 Feb 1478-executed Tower Hill 17 May 1521, bur London, Austin Friars). 

vi)        MATILDA (-after 1520).  m Sir RALPH Rither (-1520).

vii)       ANNE (1485-1552)m (15 Feb 1511) as his second wife, WILLIAM FitzAlan, son of THOMAS FitzAlan Earl of Arundel & his wife Margaret Wydeville ([1475/76]-23 Jan 1544, bur Arundel). 

viii)      ELIZABETH (-young). 

b)         Sir RALPH

c)         ELEANOR

d)         MARGARETm Sir WILLIAM Gascoigne

e)         ELIZABETH (-after 20 May 1512, bur Wensley, Yorkshire).  m HENRY Le Scrope, son of JOHN Le Scrope Lord Scrope of Bolton & his first wife Joan FitzHugh ([1468]-1506, bur Wensley, Yorkshire).  He succeeded his father in 1498 as Lord Scrope of Bolton. 

6.         Sir THOMAS (Leckonfield, Yorkshire 29 Nov 1422-killed in battle Northampton 10 Jul 1460).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Lord Egremont" as son of "Eleanor Countess of Northumberland"[1167].  He was created Baron of Egremont in 1449.  m ---.   The name of Thomas´s wife is not known.  Sir Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN ([1459]-before 21 Mar 1497).  He succeeded his father in 1460 as Lord Egremont. 

7.         KATHERINE (Leckonfield, Yorkshire 28 May 1423-).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Katherine Countess of Kent" as daughter of "Eleanor Countess of Northumberland", and mother of "Earl of Kent and Lady Grey of Wilton"[1168]m (before Jan 1459) EDMUND Grey Lord Grey of Ruthin, son of Sir JOHN Grey & his wife Constance Holand of the Dukes of Exeter (-22 May 1490).  He was created Earl of Kent in 1465. 

8.         GEORGE (1424-).  Canon at Beverley. 

9.         Sir RALPH (1425-killed in battle Hedgeley Moor 1460).  m as her first husband, ELEANOR Acton, daughter of LAWRENCE Acton & his wife ---.  Ancestors of a PERCY family, extinct in the male line in 1611.  

10.      Sir RICHARD ([1426/27]-killed in battle Towton 1461)m (1453) as her second husband, KATHERINE Neville, widow of WILLIAM Fairfax, daughter of HUMPHREY [or ALEXANDER] Neville of Thornton Bridge & his wife ---. 

11.      WILLIAM (1428-1462).  Bishop of Carlisle.  Chancellor of England. 

12.      ANNE (after 1428-1522).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Katherine 1st wedded to Sir Thomas Hungerford, after to Sir Laurence Raigford" as daughter of "Eleanor Countess of Northumberland", and mother of "Dau. and heir of --- Hungerford wedded to the Lord Hastings"[1169]m firstly (1460) Sir THOMAS Hungerford, son of ROBERT Hungerford Lord Hungerford & his wife Eleanor de Moleyns (1442-executed early 1469).  m secondly ([1473]) Sir LAURENCE Rainsford (-1490).  m thirdly ([1483]) Sir HUGH Vaughan, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    OXFORD

 

 

According to the Complete Peerage[1170], Aubrey de Vere probably derived his name from Ver in the Côtentin, Normandy and had connections with the neighbouring duchy of Brittany.  His grandson Aubrey de Vere was created Earl of Oxford by Empress Matilda in [1142], but this was a second choice of county as the empress's original charter records that she intended to create him Earl of Cambridgeshire "unless that county were held by the King of the Scots"[1171].  Oxford was a surprising choice of earldom for the de Vere family, whose English landholdings were mainly in Essex, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire and which is not recorded in the Complete Peerage as having any prior connection with the county[1172]

 

 

A.      EARLS of OXFORD 1142-1526 (VERE)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

AUBREY de Vere, son of --- ([before 1040]-Colne Priory, Essex [1112], bur Colne Priory).  As "Alberico de Ver" he attested a charter of Conan II Duke of Brittany[1173], who ruled in his own name from 1057 to 1066.  William I King of England granted him estates, particularly in north Essex, south Suffolk and Cambridgeshire.  He attested a royal charter as Chamberlain [camerarius] in 1084.  [Domesday Book records “the land which belonged to Earl Aubrey”, including Compton, Durrington, Winterslow, in Wiltshire, Iffley and Minster in Oxfordshire[1174].  It is not certain that these entries apply to Aubrey de Vere who has not been identified with the comital title in other sources.  In addition, the unusual heading to the section "the land which belonged to…" suggests that it may have been confiscated or relinquished before the date of Domesday.]  Domesday Book records “Aubrey de Vere” holding numerous properties in Essex[1175].  He acted as Sheriff of Berkshire in [1106][1176].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records a donation by "dapiferi Albrici…et uxore eius Beatrice", with the consent of "eorum filiis…Albricus, Rogerus, Rotbertus, Wuillelmus"[1177]

m (before 1086) BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  “Godefridus de Ver, Albrici senioris filius, Albrici junioris frater” donated property to Colne priory by undated charter, which names “matre sua Beatrice[1178]

Aubrey de Vere & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         GEOFFREY (-before 1112).  “Godefridus de Ver, Albrici senioris filius, Albrici junioris frater” donated property to Colne priory by undated charter, which names “matre sua Beatrice[1179]

2.         AUBREY [II] ([before 1090]-London 15 May 1141[1180], bur Colne Priory, Essex).  The Chronicle of Abingdon records a donation by "dapiferi Albrici…et uxore eius Beatrice", with the consent of "eorum filiis…Albricus, Rogerus, Rotbertus, Wuillelmus"[1181].  Sheriff of London and Middlesex [1121/22].  Chamberlain of England, and may have been Chief Justiciar of England from [1139].  “Albericus de Veer regis camerarius” donated property to Colne priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Rogero de Veer et Roberto de Veer fratribus meis…[1182].  He was killed in a riot in London[1183]m ADELISA de Clare, daughter of GILBERT FitzRichard Lord of Clare and Tonbridge & his wife Adelisa de Clermont ([1090/95]-1163).  Leland quotes a Vere manuscript which names "Albericus de Ver pater meus…Adeliza filia Gilberti de Clare" and "Adeliza de Estsexa, filia Alberici Ver et Adelizć"[1184].  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth of her first known son in [1110].  She became a nun at the Priory of St Osyth.  Aubrey de Vere & his wife had nine children: 

a)         ADELISA ([1105]-after 1185).  Leland quotes a Vere manuscript which names "Albericus de Ver pater meus…Adeliza filia Gilberti de Clare" and "Adeliza de Estsexa, filia Alberici Ver et Adelizć" who married "Rogerus filius Richardi, nepos comitis Hugonis Bigot"[1185].  “Roesia comitissa” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “patris mei Alberici et Gaufridi domini mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Willielmo de Veer, Adelisa de Veer, Adelisa de Essexa[1186].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Arenho” held by “Alicia de Essex…lx annorum…amita comitis Willelmi et soror comitis Albrici”, adding that she had “ii filios milites et i filiam maritatam Johanni Constabulario Cestrie[1187].  The same source, in another passage, records that “Alicia de Essex…est iiii.xx annorum” (presumably indicating "4 x 20 years" i.e. 80, which appears to be a more accurate assessment than the statement in the earlier passage that she was 60 years old, given the general chronology of these families) and held “Clavering sicut dotem suam, de feodo Henrici de Essex”, adding that she had “ii filios milites" and land "in comitatu Norhamton…de feodo comitis Willelmi"[1188]m firstly ROBERT de Essex, son of [ROBERT FitzSwein & his wife Gunnor Bigod] (-[1132/40]).  [1189]m secondly ROGER FitzRichard Lord of Warkworth, son of RICHARD & his wife --- (-before 1185). 

b)         ROHESE de Vere ([1105/10]-after 1166, bur Chicksand Priory).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Galfridus de Mandavilla…fundator noster” married “Rosam sororem Albredi de Oxenford[1190].  As her son by her first marriage, Arnulf de Mandeville, received a grant of property in [1141/42] (placing his birth to [1120/25]), it is likely that Rohese was one of her parents´ older children.  “G de Magnavilla et Roeisa uxor eius” donated property to Hurley Priory, Berkshire by undated charter[1191].  “Roesia comitissa” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “patris mei Alberici et Gaufridi domini mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Willielmo de Veer, Adelisa de Veer, Adelisa de Essexa[1192].  “Paganum et comitissam Roheis…sponsa mea” donated property to Thorney Monastery, by undated charter witnessed by “…Ivo Taillebois…[1193]m firstly GEOFFREY de Mandeville, son of WILLIAM de Mandeville & his wife [Margaret de Rie] (-Mildenhall, Suffolk 14 or 16 Sep 1144, bur 1163 New Temple Church).  He was created Earl of Essex in 1140 and 1141.  m secondly PAYN de Beauchamp Lord of Bedford, son of ROBERT de Beauchamp & his wife --- (-1156). 

c)         AUBREY [III] ([1110]-26 Dec 1194, bur Colne Priory).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records that he succeeded his wife's grandfather as Comte de Guines in 1139 but appointed "Arnoldum de Hammis Comestorum appellatum filium Roberti" as his bailly in Guines[1194].  He confirmed grants in England as "Count Aubrey" from [1140/41][1195].  Empress Matilda installed him as Master Chamberlain of England and created him Earl of Oxford in [1142].  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium records the separation of "Albertus Aper et Beatrix"[1196], after which he ceased to be Comte de Guines.  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death of "Albericus de Ver" at the end of the text which records events in 1194[1197]m firstly (1139, divorced 1146) as her first husband, BEATRICE de Bourbourg, daughter of HENRI Châtelain of Bourbourg & his first wife Sibylle [Rose] de Guines (after 1120-[1146], bur Abbey of La Capelle).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names "Beatricem" as the only daughter of "castellano Broburgensi Henrico" & his wife Sibylle/Rose, and her marriage in England to "Alberto Apro"[1198].  She married secondly Baudouin Seigneur d'Ardresm secondly ([1146/52]) EUPHEME de Cauntelo, daughter of WILLIAM [I] de Cauntelo & his wife --- (-[1153/54], bur Colne Priory).  “Eufemia comitissa” donated property to Colne priory, with the consent of “comitis Alberici mariti mei”, by charter dated to the reign of King Stephen, witnessed by “comite Alberico, Gilberto de Veer…[1199]m thirdly ([1162/63]) AGNES de Essex, daughter of HENRY de Essex, Lord of Rayleigh and Haughley & his wife Cicely --- ([1151/52]-after 1206[1200], bur Colne Priory).  Earl Aubrey tried to repudiate his third wife within a year but in [1171/72] Alexander III King of Scotland directed the Bishop of London to order Earl Aubrey to take her back[1201].  Earl Aubrey & his third wife had five children: 

i)          AUBREY ([1163 or later][1202]-1214 before Oct, bur Colne Priory).  He succeeded his father in 1194 as Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Abricus de Ver" among those granted delay in payment "per brevis" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[1203].  Matthew Paris names “Willelmus...frater regis et comes Sareberiensis, Albericus de Ver comes Oxoniensis, G[aufridus] filius Petri Anglić justiciarius...” among the "consiliarios iniquissimos” of King John[1204].  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death in 1214 of "Albericus de Ver comes Oxoniensis"[1205]m firstly ISABEL de Bolebec, daughter and heiress of WALTER de Bolebec of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire & his wife --- (-[1206/07]).  m secondly ALICE, daughter of --- (-after 1214).  According to the Complete Peerage, the second wife of Aubrey was “apparentlyAlice Bigod, daughter of Roger Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Ida ---, but it cites no primary source on which this is based, suggesting that “it may be derived from the Book of Colne Priory” without further explanation[1206].  Earl Aubrey had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:

(a)        ROGER de Vere (-Damietta 1221).  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death in 1221 of "Rogerus de Ver, nepos eius [Robert di Ver comitis Oxoniensis], filius nothus Alberici comitis apud Damiatam"[1207]. 

ii)         RALPH (-[before 1214]).  He witnessed three charters for Colne Priory with his brother Robert, in each case his name preceding that of Robert presumably indicating that he was older than his brother[1208].  If this is correct, he must have predeceased his brother Aubrey. 

iii)        ROBERT (-before 25 Oct 1221, bur Hatfield Priory).  He succeeded his brother in 1214 as Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain.  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death in 1221 of "Robertus de Ver comes Oxoniensis"[1209].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “comes Robertus de Wer” died in 1222[1210]m (after 1206) as her second husband, ISABEL de Bolebec, widow of HENRY de Nonant, daughter of HUGH de Bolebec of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire & his wife --- (-3 Feb 1245, bur Oxford, Church of the Preaching Friars).  Her two marriages are confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 recording that "Robertus de Ver" held "manerium de Cliston" in Devon "de dote cum Isabella uxore sua que fuit uxor Henrici de Nunant", adding that King Henry I had first granted the manor to "Rogero de Nunant antecessori suo"[1211].  Henry III King of England granted custody of "terre et heredis ipsius Roberti et filii ipsius Ysabelle" to "Ysabelle de Bolebec que fuit uxor R. de Ver quondam comitis Oxonie" dated [Nov] 1221[1212].  This was renewed by a further order dated 20 Oct 1222 under which King Henry III granted custody of "Hugonis filii et heredis Roberti de Ver, quondam comitis Oxonie" to "Ysabelle de Bolebec comitisse Oxonie" dated 19 Jun 1222[1213].  The primary source which confirms her parentage more precisely has not yet been identified.   Robert & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HUGH ([1210]-1263).  Henry III King of England granted custody of "Hugonis filii et heredis Roberti de Ver, quondam comitis Oxonie" to "Ysabelle de Bolebec comitisse Oxonie" dated 20 Oct 1222[1214].  He succeeded his father in 1221 as Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain. 

-         see below

(b)       [1215]ELEANORm as his first wife, RALPH Gernon, son of --- (-1274). 

iv)       HENRY (-[1214/22]).  He attested two of his father's charters[1216].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "…Henricus de Ver…" was granted delay in payment "per brevia" in Kent and in Essex, Hertfordshire[1217]

v)        ALICE (-after 1214).  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by a charter dated to [10 Aug 1197/8 Mar 1198] which records the confirmation by "Geoffrey de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of William de Say" of a grant of "the manor of Rikeling" made by "his said father to Geoffrey de Say, his own younger brother, whom his father had by Alice de Ver" on the petition of "William de Say his eldest brother"[1218]m as his second wife, GEOFFREY de Say, son of WILLIAM de Say & his wife Beatrix de Mandeville of the Earls of Essex ([1135 or before]-[1212/14]). 

d)         GEOFFREY (-1170).  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr. de Ver." in Kent ("Cantebr´scr.")[1219].  “Hugo de Montecanisio…et Stephanus filius et hćres meus” donated "ecclesiam de Edwardeston", previously donated by "pater meus Hubertus" to Abingdon, to Colne Priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by "comes Albricus [which dates the document to after 1142], Willielmus de Veer, Rogerus de Montecanis…Rogerus de Bellocampo, Gaufridus de Veer, novissime superveniens, Johannes Brito"[1220].  Lord of Clun and Oswestry, Shropshire.  Sheriff of Shropshire 1167 to 1170[1221]m firstly ([1158/60]) as her second husband, ---, widow of WARIN FitzGerold, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.   m secondly ([1160/66]) as her second husband, ISABEL de Say, widow of WILLIAM FitzAlan, daughter of ELIAS de Say Lord of Clun, Shropshire & his wife --- (-[1199][1222]).  She married thirdly William Boterel [II] of Cornwall.  “Willielmus de Boterell” confirmed the donation, for the soul of “Willielmi filii mei”, by “domina Isabella de Say uxor mea” of the church of St George, Clun to Wenlock Priory, by undated charter witnessed by “Brientio de Say…Hugone Peverell…[1223]

e)         ROBERT (-after 1176).  He inherited his father's fief in Northampton[1224]m firstly --- (-[1169]).  The 1169/70 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Ver" owing ".x. m ut dic p recta particioe heditatis uxoris sue" in Somerset[1225]m secondly (after 1176) his first cousin, MARGARET de Clare, daughter of BALDWIN FitzGilbert [Clare] Lord of Bourne & his wife Adelina de Rollos .  Robert & his first wife had two children: 

i)          HENRY .  Ralph de Diceto´s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1186 that “Margarita soror regis Francorum” married “Bela regi Hungarić[1226].  Ancestor of the VERE family of Drayton[1227]

ii)         WILLIAM .  Ancestor of the VERE family of Great Addington[1228]

f)          WILLIAM (-24 Dec 1198).  “Roesia comitissa” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “patris mei Alberici et Gaufridi domini mei”, by undated charter, witnessed by “…Willielmo de Veer, Adelisa de Veer, Adelisa de Essexa[1229].  “Hugo de Montecanisio…et Stephanus filius et hćres meus” donated "ecclesiam de Edwardeston", previously donated by "pater meus Hubertus" to Abingdon, to Colne Priory, Essex by undated charter, witnessed by "comes Albricus [which dates the document to after 1142], Willielmus de Veer, Rogerus de Montecanis…Rogerus de Bellocampo, Gaufridus de Veer, novissime superveniens, Johannes Brito"[1230].  Priest.  Bishop of Hereford 1186.  Ralph de Diceto´s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1186 that “Willelmus de Ver” was consecrated as “Herefordensis episcopus[1231]

g)         GILBERT .  "…Gilleberto de Ver…" subscribed the charter dated to [1179] under which Henry II King of England confirmed a donation by "Robertus de Fay" to "comiti Willelmo de Maundevilla"[1232].  Maybe prior of the English chapter of the Knights Hospitallers[1233]

h)         JULIANE ([1110/22]-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Duvercurt” held by “comitissa Juliana…soror comitis Albrici[1234].  “Rogerus Bigot comes Norfolchić” donated property to Colne priory, for the souls of “Hugone Bigot fratris mei et comitissć Julianć matris meć et Idć uxoris meć”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hugone Bigot filio meo…[1235].  The Complete Peerage says that “for the souls of her father and mother and of her husbands Hugh Bigoth and Walkelin Maminot she granted Begham Abbey land in Brockley” but does not quote the original[1236].  According to the Complete Peerage, she was still living in 1185, citing a grant by “Juliana comitissa” at Dovercourt to Colne Priory, witnessed by “Alberico comite et Alberico filius eius”, adding “which being notified to Gilbert Bishop of London was not later than 1189[1237]m firstly (annulled) as his first wife, HUGH Bigod, son of ROGER Bigod of Earsham, Suffolk & his [second] wife Adelise de Tosny ([1095]-before 9 Mar 1177).  King Stephen created him Earl of Norfolk in [Dec 1140/Jan 1141].  m secondly WALKELIN Maminot, son of [HUGH Maminot] & his wife [Emma ---] (-[1155/57]). 

i)          daughter.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1142 under which Empress Matilda confirmed grants to "Albericus de Veer" and the rights "de cremento Diham que fuit Rogeri de Ramis" to "nepotum ipsius comitis Alberici…filiorum Rogeri de Ramis"[1238]m ROGER de Raimes Lord of Rayne, Essex, son of WILLIAM de Raimes & his wife --- (-before 1159). 

3.         ROGER .  The Chronicle of Abingdon records a donation by "dapiferi Albrici…et uxore eius Beatrice", with the consent of "eorum filiis…Albricus, Rogerus, Rotbertus, Wuillelmus"[1239].  “Albericus de Veer regis camerarius” donated property to Colne priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Rogero de Veer et Roberto de Veer fratribus meis…[1240]

4.         ROBERT (-after 1141).  The Chronicle of Abingdon records a donation by "dapiferi Albrici…et uxore eius Beatrice", with the consent of "eorum filiis…Albricus, Rogerus, Rotbertus, Wuillelmus"[1241].  “Albericus de Veer regis camerarius” donated property to Colne priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Rogero de Veer et Roberto de Veer fratribus meis…[1242].  He succeeded his father in Twywell, Northamptonshire[1243]

5.         WILLIAM (-bur Colne Priory[1244]).  The Chronicle of Abingdon records a donation by "dapiferi Albrici…et uxore eius Beatrice", with the consent of "eorum filiis…Albricus, Rogerus, Rotbertus, Wuillelmus"[1245].  He was a priest before his father's death[1246]

6.         [daughter .  The Complete Peerage suggests that the mother of Richard de Camville must have been the daughter of Aubrey de Vere: his daughter held "Heldrinham" in 1185, which was held by Aubrey de Vere in 1086[1247]m --- de Camville, son of ---.] 

 

 

HUGH de Vere, son of ROBERT de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Isabel de Bolebec ([1210]-before 23 Dec 1263, bur Earl's Colne).  Henry III King of England granted custody of "Hugonis filii et heredis Roberti de Ver, quondam comitis Oxonie" to "Ysabelle de Bolebec comitisse Oxonie" dated 20 Oct 1222[1248].  He succeeded his father in 1221 as Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain, although he lost the latter office at some point[1249].  “Hugo de Ver comes Oxonie” donated property “in uilla de Takeleya” to Colchester St John, for the souls of “mee et uxoris mee comitisse Hawisie”, by undated charter[1250].  An undated writ "48 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh de Ver earl of Oxford", names "Robert his son age variously stated as 22 and more, 23 and 23 ˝, is his heir"[1251]

m (after 11 Feb 1223) HAWISE de Quincy, daughter of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester ([1200/12][1252]-3 Feb after 1263, bur Earl's Colne).  "Margaret countess of Winchester" made a fine for the marriage of "Hawise her daughter…to Hugh, son and heir of R. de Vere, formerly earl of Oxford", dated [Feb] 1223[1253].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Margareta comitissa Wint” owing “ut Hawisia filia sua maritetur Hugoni f. et heredi R. de Veer comitis Oxon” in Essex/Hertfordshire[1254].  “Hugo de Ver comes Oxonie” donated property “in uilla de Takeleya” to Colchester St John, for the souls of “mee et uxoris mee comitisse Hawisie”, by undated charter[1255]

Earl Hugh & his wife had four children: 

1.         ISABEL ([before 1235][1256]-11 Aug 1299 or after, bur Exeter Dominican Church).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “dominum Johannem de Courtenay” married “Isabellam filiam domini Johannis de Veere comitis Oxonić”, that she married “Olivero de Dineham” after the death of her first husband, died “III Id Aug” and was buried “apud Fratres Prćdicatores Exonić[1257]m firstly JOHN de Courtenay Lord of Okehampton, son of ROBERT de Courtenay & his wife Mary de Vernon of the Earls of Devon (-3 May [1273/74], bur Forde Abbey, Devon).  m secondly OLIVIER de Dineham, son of ---. 

2.         ROBERT ([1240/41]-before 7 Sep 1296, bur Earl's Colne).  An undated writ "48 Hen III", after the death of "Hugh de Ver earl of Oxford", names "Robert his son age variously stated as 22 and more, 23 and 23 ˝, is his heir"[1258].  He succeeded his father in 1263 as Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain.  m ALICE de Sanford, daughter and heiress of GILBERT de Sanford & his wife Lorette --- (-Canfield 7 Sep 1317, bur Earl's Colne).  A manuscript calendar records the death “VII Id Sep” in 1317 of “Alicia de Ver Comitissa Oxo[1259].  Robert & his wife had eight children: 

a)         ROBERT ([24 Jun 1257]-17 Apr 1331, bur Earls Colne).  He succeeded his father in 1296 as Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain.  m MARGARET de Mortimer, daughter of ROGER de Mortimer & his wife Matilda de Briouse (-[Sep 1296/97], bur Ipswich, Grey Friars).  Earl Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          Sir THOMAS ([1280/84]-[1328/12 May 1329])m firstly (contract [Nov] 1304) PERRONELLE Marshal, daughter of JOHN Marshal & his wife Hawise ---.  m secondly (before 17 Jun 1315) as her second husband, AGNES de Ros, widow of PAYN Tibetot, daughter of WILLIAM de Ros of Hamlake & his wife Matilda de Vaux (-before 1 Dec 1328). 

b)         HUGH ([Jun 1258/Mar1259]-after 22 May 1319).  He was summoned to parliament 6 Feb 1298, whereby he is held to have become Lord Vere.  m (after 12 Jun 1294) as her second husband, DENISE de Munchensy, widow of Sir JOHN de Hull of Hill Croome, Worcestershire, daughter and heiress of Sir WILLIAM de Munchensy & his wife Amy --- (before 22 Jul 1283-before 13 Apr 1314). 

c)         Sir ALFONSO (-1328).  m [1260][JOAN, daughter of Sir RICHARD Foliot].  Sir Alfonso & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN ([12 Mar 1312]-Reims 12/24 Jan 1360, bur Colne Priory).  He succeeded his uncle in 1331 as Earl of Oxford.   

-         see below

d)         GILBERT ([1264]-Sep 1289[1261]). 

e)         JOAN (-23 Nov 1293 or before, bur Lewes Priory).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 15 Dec "15 Edw I" following the death of "William de Warenna...he died on Sunday before St Lucy in the said year...Sunday after St Lucy” name “Joan his wife...Sir Robert de Veer earl of Oxford father of the said joan...John his son born at the feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist 14 Edw I is his next heir...aged 38 weeks on Tuesday before St Gregory in the said year[1262]m ([Jun 1285]) WILLIAM de Warenne, son of JOHN de Warenne Earl of Surrey & his wife Alix de Lusignan (1256-murdered Croydon 15 Dec 1286). 

f)          PHILIP ([1266]-after Sep 12891223). 

g)         JOHN

h)         HAWISE (-after 12971223). 

3.         LAURA (-1292, bur Norwich Church of the White Friars).  m REYNOLD d´Argentine of Melbourn, Cambridgeshire, son of GILES d´Argentine & his wife Margery Aiguillon ([1240]-before 3 Mar 1308). 

4.         MARGARETm HUGH de Cressi, son of ---. 

 

 

JOHN de Vere, son of Sir ALFONSO de Vere & his wife [Joan Foliot] ([12 Mar 1312]-Reims 12/24 Jan 1360, bur Colne Priory).  He succeeded his uncle in 1331 as Earl of Oxford.  He was restored as Hereditary Master Chamberlain of England.  He died at the siege of Reims[1263]

m (before 27 Mar 1336) as her second husband, MATILDA de Badlesmere, widow of ROBERT FitzPayn, daughter of BARTHOLOMEW Badlesmere Lord Badlesmere & his wife Margaret de Clare of Inchiquin and Youghal ([1308/10]-Earl's Colne [24] May 1366, bur Earl's Colne). 

Earl John & his wife had seven children: 

1.         JOHN ([Dec 1335]-before 23 Jun 1350, bur Earl's Colne)m ([Jul] 1341) as her first husband, ELIZABETH de Courtenay, daughter of HUGH de Courtenay 10th Earl of Devon (-1395).  She married secondly ([Jul 1359]) Sir Andrew Luterel of Chaton, Devon. 

2.         THOMAS ([1336/37]-Great Bentley, Essex [12/18] Sep 1371, bur Earl's Colne).  He succeeded his father in 1360 as Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain.  m (before 10 Jun 1350) MATILDA de Ufford, daughter and heiress of Sir RALPH de Ufford, Chief Justice of Ireland & his wife Matilda de Burgh née de Lancaster (-[Great Bentley] 25 Jan 1413, bur Bruisyard, Suffolk).  She took part in the 1404 conspiracy in Essex against King Henry IV and was put in the Tower, but pardoned 16 Nov 1404[1264].  Earl Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT (16 Jan 1362-Louvain 1392, bur Louvain, transferred Nov 1395 to Earl's Colne).  He succeeded his father in 1371 as Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain.  He was created Marquess of Dublin for life 1 Dec 1385, and Duke of Ireland for life 13 Oct 1386.  He was accused of treason after repudiating his wife, raised troops at Chester and marched to London but was trapped at Radcot Bridge 20 Dec 1387.  He escaped down river, made his way to London and fled to Utrecht, then Paris and later Louvain.  During his absence he was declared guilty of treason and all his honours and property were forfeited[1265].  He died from injuries received during a boar hunt[1266]m firstly (5 Oct 1376 or before, repudiated, divorced 1387, divorce declared void 17 Oct 1389) PHILIPPA de Coucy, daughter of ENGUERRAND [VII] Seigneur de Coucy, Earl of Bedford, Vicomte de Soissons & his first wife Isabella of England (-Oct 1411).  She was styled Duchess of Ireland even after her divorce[1267].  m secondly ([1387]) AGNES [Landskron], daughter of ---.  Referred to in contemporary English records as "Agnes Lanchecron/Lancecrona", she was a lady in waiting to Anne of Bohemia, first wife of Richard II King of England[1268]

3.         AUBREY ([1338/40]-23 Apr 1400, bur [Hadleigh]).  After the death of his nephew, Aubrey was restored to his entailed estates and declared Earl of Oxford [Jan/Feb] 1393, without the office of Master Chamberlain.  m ALICE FitzWalter, daughter of JOHN Lord FitzWalter & his wife Eleanor Percy (-29 Apr 1401).  Earl Aubrey & his wife had three children: 

a)         RICHARD ([1385]-15 Feb 1417, bur Earl's Colne).  He succeeded his father in 1400 as Earl of Oxford.   

-        see below

b)         JOHN

c)         ALICE m firstly GUY d'Albonm secondly Sir JOHN FitzLewes

4.         ROBERT (-before 1360). 

5.         ELIZABETH (-[Aug/Sep] 1375)m firstly ([Jan/Aug] 1341) Sir HUGH de Courtenay, son of HUGH de Courtenay Earl of Devon & his wife Margaret de Bohun (22 Mar 1327-before 2 Sep 1349, bur Forde Abbey).  m secondly as his second wife, JOHN de Mowbray Lord Mowbray, son of JOHN de Mowbray Lord Mowbray & his wife Aline de Briouse (Hovingham, Yorkshire 29 Nov 1310-1361).  m thirdly (before 18 Jan 1369) Sir WILLIAM de Cosynton, son of ---. 

6.         MARGARET (-15 Jun 1398, bur Newgate Grey Friars.  m firstly HENRY de Beaumont Lord Beaumont, son of JOHN Beaumont Lord Beaumont & his wife Eleanor of Lancaster ([1339/40]-17 Jun 1368, bur Sempringham, Lincolnshire).  m secondly Sir NICHOLAS de Lorain of Penshurst, Kent (-1375).  m thirdly Sir JOHN Devereux, son of [WILLIAM Deverose of Bodenham, Herefordshire & his wife ---] (-22 Feb 1393, bur Newgate Grey Friars).  He was summoned to Parliament in 1384 whereby he is held to have become Lord Devereux. 

7.         MATILDA

 

 

RICHARD de Vere, son of AUBREY de Vere Earl of Oxford & his wife Alice FitzWalter ([1385]-15 Feb 1417, bur Earl's Colne).  He succeeded his father in 1400 as Earl of Oxford

m firstly (before 1400) ALICE de Holand, daughter of JOHN de Holand Duke of Exeter & his wife Elizabeth of Lancaster ([1392]-before 1406). 

m secondly ([1406/07]) ALICE Sergeaux, widow of GUY de Saint-Aubin, daughter of Sir RICHARD Sergeaux & his wife Philippa de Arundel (-18 May 1452, bur Earl's Colne).  She married thirdly (before 13 Oct 1421) Nicholas Thorley (-1442). 

Earl Richard & his second wife had two children: 

1.         JOHN (Hedingham Castle 23 Apr 1408-executed Tower Hill 26 Feb 1462, bur London, Church of the Austin Friars).  He succeeded his father in 1417 as Earl of Oxford.  He was arrested with his eldest son in Feb 1463, committed to the Tower, found guilty of treason and beheaded[1269]m ([22 May/31 Aug] 1425) ELIZABETH Howard, daughter and heiress of Sir JOHN Howard Lord Plaiz & his wife Joan Walton ([1409/10]-[Stratford Nunnery] after 25 Dec 1475, bur London, Church of the Austin Friars).  She was forced to surrender her property to Richard Duke of Gloucester in 1475[1270].  Earl John & his wife had five children: 

a)         Sir AUBREY (-executed 20 Feb 1462, bur London, Church of the Austin Friars).  He was arrested with his father in Feb 1463, committed to the Tower, found guilty of treason and beheaded[1271]m ([Apr 1460]) as her first husband, ANNE Stafford, daughter of HUMPHREY Stafford Duke of Buckingham & his wife Anne Neville of Westmoreland (-after 14 Apr 1472, bur Lingfield).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Anne marr. Aubrey Vere 1st husband, Sir Thomas Cobham 2d husb" as daughter of "Anne Duchess of Buckingham", and mother (by her second husband) of "Anne wedded to Sir Edw A´Borough"[1272].  She married secondly Sir Thomas Cobham

b)         Sir RICHARD m (after 1444) as her second husband, MARGARET Percy, widow of HENRY Lord Grey of Codnor, daughter of Sir HENRY Percy of Atholl & his wife Elizabeth --- (-1464). 

c)         JOHN (8 Sep 1442-Hedingham Castle 10 Mar 1513, bur Colne Priory).  He was allowed to succeed his father in 1463 as Earl of Oxford.  He was committed to the Tower in Nov 1468 on suspicion of plotting with the Lancastrians, but pardoned 5 Apr 1469.  He fled overseas in 1470, returning in Sep 1470 to restore King Henry VI.  After the battle of Barnet, he fled to Scotland, then France.  He was captured at St Michael's Mount, Cornwall 30 Sep 1474 and imprisoned in the château de Hammes near Calais from where he escaped in 1485 to join the future King Henry VII[1273]m firstly MARGARET Neville, daughter of RICHARD Neville Earl of Salisbury & his wife Alice Ctss of Salisbury (-after 20 Nov 1506, bur Colne Priory).  A manuscript pedigree dated to [1500] names "Countess of Oxford" as daughter of "Richard Earl of Salisbury"[1274]m secondly ([28 Nov 1508/10 Apr 1509]) as her second husband, ELIZABETH Scrope, widow of WILLIAM 2nd Viscount Beaumont, daughter of Sir RICHARD Scrope & his wife Eleanor Washbourne (-26 Jun 1537, bur Wivenhoe). 

d)         Sir GEORGE Vere (-after 1491).  He was captured with his brothers John and Thomas at St Michael's Mount, Cornwall 30 Sep 1474[1275].  He was attainted with his brother, reversed by King Henry VII, and was Chief Steward of St Osyth's Priory in 1491[1276]m MARGARET Stafford, daughter and heiress of Sir WILLIAM Stafford of Bishop's Frome, Herefordshire.  Sir George & his wife had five children: 

i)          GEORGE (-1498, bur Halstead, Essex). 

ii)         daughter (-before 1526).  m ---. 

iii)        JOHN (14 Aug 1499-14 Jul 1526, bur Colne Priory).  He succeeded his uncle in 1513 as Earl of Oxfordm (settlement 16 Nov 1511) ANNE Howard, daughter of THOMAS Howard Duke of Norfolk & his second wife Anne Tylney (-before 22 Feb 1559, bur Lambeth). 

iv)       daughter . 

v)        daughter .  m Sir EDMUND Knightly

e)         THOMAS .  He was captured with his brothers John and Thomas at St Michael's Mount, Cornwall 30 Sep 14741236

f)          ISABEL de Vere [1277]Maybe m as his first wife, WILLIAM Bourchier Viscount Bourchier, son of HENRY Bourchier Earl of Essex & his wife Isabel of York (-killed in battle Barnet 14 Apr 1471). 

2.         Sir ROBERT de Vere m as her second husband, JOAN Courtenay, widow of Sir NICHOLAS Carew, daughter of Sir HUGH Courtenay of Goodrington, Devon & his second wife Philippa Arcedekne.  Sir Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN de Verem ALICE Kilrington, daughter and heiress of WALTER Kilrington alias Colbroke & his wife ---.  John & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN ([1482]-Colne 21 Mar 1540, bur Castle Hedingham). He succeeded his second cousin in 1526 as Earl of Oxfordm firstly ([1493/94]) CHRISTIAN Foderingey, daughter of THOMAS Foderingey of Brockley, Suffolk & his wife Elizabeth Doreward of Bocking, Essex ([1481]-before 4 Nov 1498).  m secondly ([29 Apr 1507/4 Jul 1509]) ELIZABETH Trussell, daughter of EDWARD Trussell of Kibblestone, Staffordshire & his wife Margaret Dun (1496-[before Jul 1527]).  Earl John & his second wife were ancestors of subsequent EARLS of OXFORD, extinct 1703. 

 

 

 

B.      OTHER VERE FAMILIES

 

 

According to Complete Peerage, it is unlikely that either of the following two families was related to each other or to the Vere family set out in Part A[1278].  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

 

1.         BERNARD de Verem ---. 

a)         ROBERT de Vere (-after 1142).  He succeeded as Lord of Haughley de iure uxoris.  Royal constable and constable of Dover Castle.  m (before 1130) as her second husband, ADELISA de Montfort-sur-Risle, widow of SIMON de Moulins, daughter of HUGUES [III] de Montfort-sur-Risle Lord of Haughley & his wife ---. 

 

 

1.         GUY de Vere (-after 1189).  "Wid de Ver" liquidated a debt in Lincolnshire for an agreement made in the king´s court with "Adam generu suu" in 1189/90[1279]m ---.  The name of Guy´s wife is not known.  Guy & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUNDREDA de Vere (-after 1205).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by a record in the Pipe Rolls of "Wid de Ver" liquidating a debt in Lincolnshire for an agreement made in the king´s court with "Adam generu suu" in 1189/90[1280].  Her second marriage is confirmed by a charter in the Selby cartulary[1281].  The descendants of her first marriage adopted the name Vere[1282]m firstly ADAM de Goxhill, son of ROBERT FitzErneis de Goxhill & his wife Adeline Ingram (-1205 or before).  m secondly NICHOLAS de Chavencurt, son of ---. 

 

2.         HENRY de Vere (-before 5 Sep 1204).  An order of King John dated 5 Sep 1204 grants "custodia terre et heredis Henr de Veer, q Gaufr de Veer habuit" to "Petro de Stokes"[1283].  King John confirmed "custodiam…terre et heredis Henr de Ver" to "Rob fil Rogeri", as well as "maritagium eiusdem heredis", by charter dated 11 Jun 1207[1284]m ---, daughter of --- & his wife Heldeburga ---.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "domina Heldeburga" granted "filiam suam heredem de Mutford" in Norfolk to "Henrico de Ver" and that their son was then "heres de Mutford et…in custodia Roberti filii Rogeri"[1285].  Henry & his wife had one child: 

a)         --- de Vere ([after 1195]-).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "domina Heldeburga" granted "filiam suam heredem de Mutford" in Norfolk to "Henrico de Ver" and that their son was then "heres de Mutford et…in custodia Roberti filii Rogeri"[1286].  

 

3.         GEOFFREY de Vere .  An order of King John dated 5 Sep 1204 grants "custodia terre et heredis Henr de Veer, q Gaufr de Veer habuit" to "Petro de Stokes"[1287]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  PEMBROKE

 

 

The earldom of Pembroke was first granted by King Stephen in 1138 to Gilbert de Clare.  On the death of the first earl´s infant grandson Gilbert de Clare in [1185/86], the right to the earldom passed to his sister, but it was not until 1199 that her husband William Marshal was invested as Earl of Pembroke.  The earldom passed, in turn, to each of his five sons who all died without issue.  On the death in 1245 of the last in line, Anselm Marshal, his estates were divided between his five sisters or their issue.  The earldom was left in abeyance, but after the death in 1307 of Joan de Munchensy, daughter of Earl Anselm's youngest sister Joan, her son Aymar de Valence Lord Valence (of the Lusignan family, who were by that time Comtes de la Marche et d'Angoulęme) was regarded as Earl of Pembroke.  It is not clear why the earldom passed to the representative of the youngest of Earl Anselm's five sisters, as all four older sisters left issue who would presumably have had a better claim.  There is no reference in the Complete Peerage[1288] to there having been a re-creation of the earldom in favour of Aymar de Valence or to his assumption of the title having been challenged by any of the other possible heirs.  Aymar died without issue in 1324, after which the earldom passed to his great nephew Lawrence de Hastings Lord Hastings, whose assumption of the title was approved by King Edward III 13 Oct 1339[1289], also it appears without challenge from other potential claimants with greater seniority who were descended from Aymar's older sisters. 

 

 

 

A.      EARLS of PEMBROKE 1138-[1185/86] (CLARE)

 

 

GILBERT de Clare "Strongbow", son of GILBERT FitzRichard de Clare & his wife Adelisa de Clermont ([1100][1290]-6 Jan 1148 or 1149, bur Tintern Abbey).  Guillaume de Jumičges names "Richardum qui ei successit et Gislebertum et Walterium et unam filiam...Rohais” as the children of “Gislebertus ex filia comitis de Claromonte[1291].  The Liber Vitć of Thorney abbey lists "…Gilebt fili[us] Ricardi, Ricard fili[us] eius…Aaliz uxor Gilbti filii Ricardi, Comes Gilbt, Galteri…filii sui…"[1292].  “Adeliz, uxor Gilberti filii Ricardi, et Gillebertus et Walterus et Baldewinus et Rohaisia pueri Gilberti” donated property to Thorney Monastery, by undated charter witnessed by “Gilberto filio Gilberti, Galterio, Hervćo, Baldwino fratribus eius et Rohaisia sorore eorum[1293].  He inherited the estates of his paternal uncles Roger de Clare (after 1131, in the baronies of Bienfaite and Orbec, Normandy) and Walter de Clare (in 1138, as lord of Nether Gwent with the castle of Strigoil, later known as Chepstow)[1294].  He was created Earl of Pembroke in 1138 by King Stephen.  The Annales Cambrić record the death in 1149 of "Gilbertus comes, qui Strangboga dictus est"[1295]

m ISABEL de Beaumont, daughter of ROBERT de Beaumont-le-Roger Comte de Meulan [Earl of Leicester] & his wife Isabelle de Vermandois ([1102/07]-after 1172), previously mistress of Henry I King of England.  Guillaume de Jumičges records that "Giselbertus filius Gisleberti" married “sororem Waleranni comitis Mellenti...Elizabeth” by whom he had “filium primogenitum...Richardum[1296].  Henry II King of England confirmed the donations to the nuns of Saint-Saens by "Isabel comitissa qui fuit uxor Gilleberti comitis" by charter dated to [1172/1182][1297].  “Badero de Momuta et uxor sua Rohes” donated revenue in Monmouth to Monmouth Priory by undated charter witnessed by "Galterus frater Gilleberti consulis, qui ipsa die loco consulis uxorem meam michi dedit…comitissa Ysabel, Robertus filius Baderonis, Johannes filius Roberti, Thomas filius Pagani…"[1298]

Earl Gilbert & his wife had two children: 

1.         RICHARD de Clare "Strongbow" ([1130]-Dublin 20 Apr 1176, bur Dublin, Holy Trinity).  Guillaume de Jumičges records that "Giselbertus filius Gisleberti" married “sororem Waleranni comitis Mellenti...Elizabeth” by whom he had “filium primogenitum...Richardum[1299].  He succeeded his father in 1148 or 1149 as Earl of Pembroke.  In [1168], he promised Dermot King of Leinster to help him recover his kingdom in return for the hand of his daughter and eventual succession to the crown.  He landed near Waterford 23 Aug 1170, and marched to Dublin.  He acceded to the demand of King Henry II to surrender his Irish conquests to him and was granted Leinster in fee[1300].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1176 of "Richardus comes de Streguel filius comitis Gisleberti" leaving "parvulum filium ex filia regis Duvelinć"[1301].  The Annales Cambrić record the death in 1175 of "comes Ricardus filius Gilberti", another passage recording his death in Ireland in 1177 and his burial "apud Dulin"[1302]m (Waterford [26 Aug 1171]) AOIFE [Eve] of Leinster, daughter of DERMOT MacMurrough King of Leinster & his wife [Mor ---] (-after 1189).  The Annales Cambrić record that "Ricardus comes de Striguil" invaded Ireland in 1171 and married "filiam Diermit regis"[1303].  She was styled Countess of Ireland in 1185, but Countess of Strigoil in 1186[1304].  Earl Richard & his wife had two children: 

a)         GILBERT (1173-[1185/86]).  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1176 of "Richardus comes de Streguel filius comitis Gisleberti" leaving "parvulum filium ex filia regis Duvelinć"[1305].  He succeeded his father in 1176 as Earl of Pembroke, but was never invested with the earldom. 

b)         ISABEL (-1220, bur Tintern Abbey).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 22 Mar 1222 under which “Willielmus mareschallus Anglić, comes Penbrochić” founded Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, for the souls of ”bonć memorić Walteri filii Ricardi filii Gilberti Strongbowe avi mei, et Willelmi Marescalli patris mei, et Ysabellć matris meć[1306], although the identify of “Walteri” in this document is unclear.  m (London Aug 1189) WILLIAM Marshal, son of JOHN FitzGilbert "the Marshal" & his second wife Sibyl de Salisbury ([1146]-Caversham 14 May 1219, bur London, Temple Church).  He was invested as Earl of Pembroke 27 May 1199 by King John. 

Earl Richard had two illegitimate children: 

c)          daughter .  Regan´s "Song of Dermot and the Earl" records that "Richard the renowned earl went to the city of Ferns" and "married his daughter to Robert de Quency"[1307]m (1171) ROBERT de Quenci, Constable of Leinster (-killed in battle Offaly 1171 or after). 

d)         ALINE The Expugnatio Hibernica records the marriage between "Mauricio filio Guillelmo comes" and "Alinam filiam suam [Richardi]"[1308].  m (1174) WILLIAM FitzMaurice Baron of Naas, son of MAURICE FitzGerald & his first wife --- (-[1199]). 

2.         BASILIA .  The Expugnatio Hibernica records the marriage at Dublin between "Reimundus" and "sorore mea [Ricardi] Basiliam" [in 1174][1309].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   m firstly (1174) RAYMOND FitzGerald "the Fat", Constable of Leinster.  m secondly as his first wife, GEOFFREY FitzRobert Lord of Kells, Steward of Leinster (-1211). 

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of PEMBROKE 1189-1245 (MARSHAL)

 

 

GILBERT "the Marshal", son of --- (-1130 or before).  Master Marshal of the king's household under King Henry I[1310]

m ---.  The name of Gilbert´s wife is not known.  It is possible that she was the heiress of William FitzAuger: the Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that, after the conquest, King William I granted "manerium de Boseham" in Surrey to "Willelmo filio Augeri", and that later "Willelmus Marescallus" (presumably identified as the future first Earl of Pembroke, see below) held the manor "[jure] hereditario"[1311].  

Gilbert & his wife had two children: 

1.         JOHN FitzGilbert "the Marshal" (-before Nov 1165).  He succeeded his father in [1130] as Master Marshal of the king's household.  The 1129/30 Pipe Roll records "Johs Marisc" accounting for "terra et ministerio patris sui"[1312].  The Gesta Stephani Regis names "Joannes, ille Marescallus agnominatus" among the supporters of Empress Matilda in the English civil war[1313].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Johannes Marescallus" used to hold knights´ fees in Oxfordshire during the reign of King Henry I, now held by "Gilbertus filius eius" from "Manasser Arsic"[1314].  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] witnessed by "…Johes filius Gisleberti…"[1315].  "…Rainaldo comite Cornubie…Johanne Marescallo" witnessed the charter dated to [Feb/Mar] 1155 under which Henry II King of England restored properties of "Roberto filio Hereberti Camerarii", held by "pater suus vel avus suus"[1316].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Johi Marescall" in Herefordshire and Hampshire (three times)[1317].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Johannes Marscallus xx s" in Worcestershire in [1161/62][1318]m firstly (repudiated [1141]) as her first husband, ALINE, daughter of [WALTER Pipard] & his wife ---.  The Complete Peerage states that the marriage to a daughter of Walter Pipard, a minor Wiltshire baron, is "stated as a fact by Painter" but "this seems a rash deduction from the fact that John paid 30 marks for Walter´s land and daughter" [as recorded in the 1129/30 Pipe Roll in which "Johs Marisc" accounted for "terra et filia Walti Pipardi"][1319].  The early 13th century Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal records that John divorced his first wife and married "damesele Sibire la sorur le cunte Patriz"[1320].  She married secondly Stephen Gai[1321].  Henri Duke of Normandy confirmed an agreement between "Stephanum Gai et Adelicia uxorem suam" and "Gislbtu fil Johannis Mariscalli et eiusdem Aeline" relating to her inheritance by charter dated to [Apr/May] 1153[1322]m secondly (before [1144]) SIBYL de Salisbury, daughter of WALTER FitzEdward de Salisbury & his wife Matilda de Chaources .  The early 13th century Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal records that John divorced his first wife and married "damesele Sibire la sorur le cunte Patriz"[1323].  John FitzGilbert & his first wife had two children:

a)         GILBERT (-Salisbury before Nov 1166).  Henri Duke of Normandy confirmed an agreement between "Stephanum Gai et Adelicia uxorem suam" and "Gislbtu fil Johannis Mariscalli et eiusdem Aeline" relating to her inheritance by charter dated to [Apr/May] 1153[1324].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gilbertus Marescallus" held one knight´s fee "de veteri feodo" from "Ricardus de Candos" in Herefordshire, and that "Gilbertus filius eius" from "Manasser Arsic" in Oxfordshire previously held by "Johannes Marescallus" during the reign of King Henry I[1325]

b)         [WALTER] (-[1166/67]).  The early 13th century Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal records that "sun frére" died of grief after the death of his brother Gilbert[1326].  The Complete Peerage names him Walter but does not the cite the primary source on which this information is based[1327]

John Fitz-Gilbert & his second wife had [six] children:

c)         JOHN "the Marshal" ([1144/45]-Mar 1194, bur Bradenstoke).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Johannes filius Johannis Marscalli" held one knight´s fee from "Galfridi comitis Essexć" in Essex[1328].  He succeeded to part of his father's lands in 1165, and to his half-brother's lands in 1166, and as Master Marshal of the king's household.  m as her first husband, JOAN de Port, daughter of ADAM de Port Lord of Basing & his first wife Mabile d´Orval (-[1204/13]).  The early 13th century Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal records that "la fillie sire Adam de Port" married "son frére" (indicating the brother of William Marshal Earl of Pembroke)[1329].  She married secondly, as his second wife, Richard de Rivers.  "Ric de Riveriis" paid a fine to marry "filia Ade de Port", dated [1200/01][1330]Mistress (1): ALICE, daughter of ---.  John Marshal gave land in Foulsham, Norfolk to Walsingham priory for the souls of "himself and his wife Aline, for John and Alice, his father and mother, for William Marshal the Earl and Isabel his wife, and for Hubert and Margaret de Rye"[1331].  John the Marshal had [one illegitimate son by Mistress (1)]: 

i)          [JOHN Marshall (-1235)King John confirmed "Cantelee et Castree…que fuerunt Hugonis de Gornaco" to "Johanni Marescall nepoti W. Maresc com de Penbroc" by charter dated 11 Nov 1204[1332].] 

-         see below

d)         WILLIAM ([1146]-Caversham 14 May 1219, bur London, Temple Church[1333]).  He succeeded his brother in 1194 as Master Marshal of the king's household.  He was invested as Earl of Pembroke 27 May 1199 by King John.  

-        see below

e)         [ANSELM .  The early 13th century Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal records "sire Ansel li Mareschals" taking part in a tournament at Lagny-sur-Marne with Henry "the Young King"[1334].  The Complete Peerage assumes that he was the son of John FitzGilbert by his second marriage but the source does not specify Anselm´s parentage[1335].] 

f)          HENRY (-1206).  The Complete Peerage names Henry as son of John FitzGilbert by his second marriage but does not the cite the primary source on which this information is based[1336].  Dean of York 1189.  Bishop of Exeter 1194.  Matthew Paris records the appointment in 1194 as bishop of Exeter of "Henricus Marescallus frater W[illelmi] Marescalli senioris"[1337].  The Annals of Margan record the death in 1206 of “Henricus Marescallus Exonić episcopus[1338]

g)         MATILDA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   The Complete Peerage names her and records her marriage but does not the cite the primary source on which this information is based[1339]m ROBERT de Pont de l'Arche, son of GUILLAUME de Pont de l´Arche & his wife Constance Mauduit (-after 1196). 

h)         [daughter ([1145/55]-).  John Hunt states that “William le Gros” was married to “a sister of William Marshal I earl of Pembroke”, when recording the marriage contract of the couple´s daughter Margaret to “Ralph Somery” [Ralph [II] de Somery, see the document UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY P-S], dated to before 1194, but he does not cite the primary source on which the information is based[1340].  A relationship between the Marshal and Crassus families is suggested by two sources.  Firstly, William Marshal Earl of Pembroke, writing to King Henry III dated 5 Aug 1224, records that he had sent "dominum W. Grassum primogenitum consanguineum nostrum" with soldiers "ad Enoc-fergus in Ultonia" [Carrickfergus] which was besieged by "Hugonem de Lascy"[1341].  Secondly, the Annals of Worcester record the consecration in 1230 of “Anselmus nepos Marescalli...apud Cantuariam in episcopum Menevensem” [as bishop of St David´s][1342]m ([1160/70]) WILLIAM [III] Crassus, son of --- (-[1204/14]).] 

The Complete Peerage suggests another daughter of John Fitz-Gilbert & his second wife, but this is likely incorrect:

i)          [MARGARET (-after [1242/43]).  The Complete Peerage names “Margaret m 1stly Ralph de Somerey, 2ndly Maurice de Gaunt” as the first daughter of John FitzGilbert “the Marshal” and his second wife[1343].  From a chronological point of view, this cannot be correct.  The births of the children of John FitzGilbert and his second wife can be dated to [1145/55].  Concerning the alleged first marriage, the chronology suggests that the children of Ralph de Somery and his wife were probably born in the late 1190s or the early years of the 13th century.  Concerning the alleged second marriage, Maurice de Gant presumably married his second wife in the hope of having children, and in any case Maurice´s wife is recorded as living in 1247.  As can be seen, none of the dates is compatible with Margaret having been the daughter of John FitzGilbert.  The Pipe Roll 1210 records that "Margareta que fuit uxor Radulfi de Sumeri" arranged to pay an instalment of her fine for the assignment of her dower in midsummer[1344].  Henry III King of England granted "maneriis de Cantokesheved et de Hivis...que fuerunt Mauricii de Gant quondam viri sui" to "Margarete de Sumery" dated 1231[1345]m firstly RALPH [II] de Somery of Dudley, Worcestershire, son of JOHN de Somery & his wife Hawise Paynell (-[Jan/Jul] 1210).  m secondly (after 1220) as his second wife, MAURICE de Gant, son of ROBERT “Juvenis” de Berkeley & his wife Avice de Gand (-1230).] 

2.         WILLIAM "Giffard/Chubby-cheeked" (-after 1166).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo Marisc" in Essex[1346].  Chancellor of Empress Matilda 1141 and 1142[1347].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Wills. Maresc" in Hampshire[1348].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records that "Willelmus Marscallus" deprived the bishop of Bath of "duas hidas de dominio suo" in Somerset[1349]

 

 

1.         GEOFFREY "Martel" (-after 25 Aug 1223).  "Galfridus Martel, qui est de familia comitis W. Marescalli…" witnessed a document dated 25 Aug 1223[1350].  The expression "de familia" could indicate that Geoffrey was of the household of William Marshal and not necessarily a blood relation. 

 

 

WILLIAM Marshal, son of JOHN FitzGilbert "the Marshal" & his second wife Sibyl de Salisbury ([1146]-Caversham 14 May 1219, bur London, Temple Church[1351]).  He succeeded his brother in 1194 as Master Marshal of the king's household.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Willelmus Marscallus" among those granted delay in payment "per brevis" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[1352].  He was invested as Earl of Pembroke 27 May 1199 by King John.  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records that King John gave "comitatum de Striguil" to "Willelmo le Marescal" the day of his coronation "VI Kal Jul" 1199[1353].  The Annales Cambrić record that "Willielmus comes Marescallus" besieged "Kilgerran" in 1204[1354].  The Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall records the death in 1219 of "Willelmus Marescallus senior comes de Penbrock" and his burial "in crastino Ascensionis" in "Novum Templum de Londoniis"[1355].  The Annales Cambrić record the death in 1219 of "Willielmus Marescallus senior"[1356].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Willelmus Marscallus” died in May 1219[1357].  The Annals of Waverley record the death “apud Londiniam II Id Mai” in 1219 of “Willelmus Marescallus[1358]

m (London Aug 1189) ISABEL Ctss of Pembroke, daughter of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare "Strongbow" Earl of Pembroke (-1220, bur Tintern Abbey).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 22 Mar 1222 under which “Willielmus mareschallus Anglić, comes Penbrochić” founded Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, for the souls of ”bonć memorić Walteri filii Ricardi filii Gilberti Strongbowe avi mei, et Willelmi Marescalli patris mei, et Ysabellć matris meć[1359], although the identify of “Walteri” in this document is unclear. 

Earl William & his wife had ten children: 

1.         WILLIAM Marshal (Normandy [1190]-Fawley, Buckinghamshire 6 Apr 1231, bur 15 Apr 1231 Temple Church, London).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, names (in order) ”Willihelmus, Richardus, Gilbertus, Walterus et Ancellimus” as sons of “Willielmi Marescalli comitis Penbrochić”, adding that each succeeded in turn as earl of Pembroke and died without children[1360].  He was one of the 25 Barons elected to ensure the execution of the provisions of Magna Carta.  In May 1216, he joined Louis de France [the future King Louis VIII] who had invaded England, but in Autumn 1216 deserted Louis, retired to Wales.  In Mar 1217, he joined a revolt against Louis at Rye, and 20 May 1217 fought at the battle of Lincoln