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FRANCONIA, nobility

  v4.2 Updated 24 May 2018

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                DUKES in FRANCONIA. 4

Chapter 2.                Die AHALOLFINGER. 5

Chapter 3.                GRAFEN im GRABFELD. 9

A.         Die "alten" BABENBERGER.. 9

B.         FAMILY of GRAF CHRISTIAN.. 18

Chapter 4.                GRAFEN im LAHNGAU (KONRADINER) 20

Chapter 5.                GRAFEN im NAHEGAU. 39

A.         SALIAN DYNASTY.. 39

B.         FAMILY of GRAF EMICH.. 45

Chapter 6.                GRAFEN im RHEINGAU, RHEINGRAFEN. 52

Chapter 7.                GRAFEN im WORMSGAU. 57

A.         Die ROTBERTINER.. 57

B.         FAMILY of GRAF MEGINGOZ. 63

C.        FAMILY of GRAF WALACHO.. 67

Chapter 8.                GRAFEN von ARNSTEIN. 69

Chapter 9.                GRAFEN von BILSTEIN. 73

Chapter 10.              HERREN von BOLANDEN. 75

Chapter 11.              GRAFEN von CASTELL. 84

Chapter 12.              HERREN von DÜRN. 104

Chapter 13.              GRAFEN von ENZBERG. 111

Chapter 14.              HERREN von HOHENLOHE. 114

A.         HERREN von WEIKERSHEIM, HERREN von HOHENLOHE.. 114

B.         HERREN von HOHENLOHE zu UFFENHEIM.. 124

C.        HERREN von HOHENLOHE in WEIKERSHEIM.. 132

D.        HERREN von HOHENLOHE in BRAUNECK.. 142

Chapter 15.              GRAFEN von LAUFEN. 153

Chapter 16.              SCHENKEN von LIMPURG. 157

Chapter 17.              GRAFEN von MAINZ. 160

Chapter 18.              GRAFEN von RHEINECK. 160

Chapter 19.              GRAFEN von RIENECK. 163

Chapter 20.                FREIHERREN von SCHWARZENBERG, HERREN von SEINSHEIM.. 176

Chapter 21.              HERREN von TRIMBERG. 177

Chapter 22.              HERREN von WEINSBERG. 177

Chapter 23.              GRAFEN von WERTHEIM.. 195

Chapter 24.              OTHER FRANCONIAN NOBILITY. 221

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

In contrast to the other three original provinces of Germany, Franconia had no obvious leader for much of its history.  A family of dukes in Franconia is referred to in primary sources during the 7th and 8th centuries, but thereafter references to an overall Franconian ruler are sparse.  During the early 10th century, the Konradiner established themselves as arguably the most powerful family in the area, with Eberhard brother of Konrad I King of Germany appointed dux, effectively becoming leader in Franconia.  After Eberhard's rebellion in 938, Emperor Otto I appointed no successor duke in Franconia.  By the early 11th century, power was concentrated in the family of the future Salian emperors, centred on their power-base in Worms. 

 

The original pagi in Franconia were as follows.  The pagus Nafinsis (Nahegau) and, to its east, the pagus Wormaciensis (Wormsgau) were the two Franconian pagi which lay west of the river Rhine during early Carolingian times, within the ecclesiastical diocese of Mainz[1].  The counties of Veldenz and Leiningen, and the territories of the Wildgrafen and Raugrafen, developed in the area of Nahegau.  Speyergau lay south of Wormsgau, to the west of the Rhine, south and west of the town of Speyer, and north of Nordgau in Alsace.  Ufgau was on the east bank of the Rhine, to the east of Speyergau.  Rheingau lay along the eastern bank of the Rhine, east of the towns of Mainz and Worms, and north of the small area of Lobdengau.  Maingau lay directly east of Rheingau, and south of Weteneiba.  In the northern part of Franconia, south of Saxony, from west to east lay the three areas of Engersgau (which developed into the county of Wied), Lahngau (later divided into Niederlahngau, in which the counties of Diez evolved in the northern area and Weilburg in the south, and Oberlahngau, which became the county of Gleiberg), and Hessengau (around the towns of Fritzlar and Kassel).  Grabfeldgau formed the northern part of eastern Franconia, south of Thuringia, with Saalgau to its south.  In the southern part of eastern Franconia, lay the smaller areas of Waltsazi, Weringau, Gozfelt, Iphigau, from west to east.  To their south, lay Wingarteiba, Tubergau, Gollachgau and Rangau, also from west to east.  The southernmost part of eastern Franconia consisted of Elisanzgau, Breitachgau, Scuciengau, Murrachgau, Jägestgau, Cochingau and Mulachgau[2]

 

Primary sources from the 9th to 12th centuries reveal comital families in Grabfeld, Lahngau, Nahegau, Rheingau and Wormsgau.  However, in most cases, several families established themselves in each pagus at the same time, demonstrating the fluidity of political boundaries within Franconia compared, for example, with Swabia to the south and Lotharingia to the west.  In addition, individuals within the same family are recorded in more than one pagus at the same time.  This is especially apparent in the cases of the Konradiner family and the family which later emerged as the Salian dynasty of German emperors. 

 

This document sets out some prominent Franconian families in the early and middle medieval period.  Other nobility in Franconia, for which little family reconstruction has yet been possible on the basis of the primary source information available in preparing the present document, is shown in Chapter 2 of the document GERMAN NOBILITY.  The later nobility is shown in the documents HESSEN, NASSAU and PALATINATE, reflecting their geographical distribution.  The later nobility based around Würzburg is set out in the present document. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    DUKES in FRANCONIA

 

 

1.         HRUODISm ---.  The name of Hruodis's wife is not known.  Hruodis & his wife had one child: 

a)         HETAN [I] .  The Passio Kiliani names "duce…Gozberto filio Hetanis senioris qui fuit filius Hruodis" at "castellum…Wirziburc"[3]m ---.  The name of Hetan's wife is not known.  Hetan [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GOZBERT .  The Passio Kiliani names "duce…Gozberto filio Hetanis senioris qui fuit filius Hruodis" at "castellum…Wirziburc"[4].  The Passio Kiliani records that "Gozbertum" was killed by his followers[5]m GEILANA, daughter of ---.  The Passio Kiliani names "Geilanæ" as wife of "[ducis] Gozberti", specifying in a later passage that she died after "spiritus invasit malignus"[6].  Gozbert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       HETAN [II] (-after 18 Apr 716).  The Passio Kiliani names "Hetanum" as son of "Gozbertum" when recording that he was expelled by "populus orientalium Francorum"[7].  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property "in loco…Arnestati super fluvio Huitteo… et in castello Mulenberge…" to "sancto Willibrordo" by "Hedenus [dux] vir illuster…cum coniuge mea…Theodrada" dated 1 May 704[8].  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property "super fluvio Sala in pago Saluense" to "sancto Willibrordo" by "Hedenus dux" dated 18 Apr 716, subscribed by "Cato comes, Sigericus comes…Theodrada coniuge mea, Ado nutricius Hedeni et Turingus filius Hedeni, Adogoto, Hererico"[9]m THEODRADA, daughter of ---.  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property "in loco…Arnestati super fluvio Huitteo… et in castello Mulenberge…" to "sancto Willibrordo" by "Hedenus [dux] vir illuster…cum coniuge mea…Theodrada" dated 1 May 704[10].  Hetan [II] & his wife had one child: 

(1)       THURINGUS (-after 18 Apr 716).  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property by "Hedenus [dux] vir illuster…cum coniuge mea…Theodrada" dated 1 May 704, subscribed by "Thuringus filius Hedeni"[11].  The Monumenta Epternacensia quotes the donation of property "super fluvio Sala in pago Saluense" to "sancto Willibrordo" by "Hedenus dux" dated 18 Apr 716, subscribed by "…Turingus filius Hedeni…"[12]

 

 

1.         ADO (-after [Jan/Feb] 802).  A list of Saxons in Westphalia dated Jan/Feb 802 records that "Aicharh filium Fredred habuit Ado de Alamania", presumably indicating that the last named had responsibility for the allegiance sworn to the emperor by the first-named[13]

 

 

2.         NANTHER (-[after 9 Dec 879]).  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed a donation by "Nantharii ducis in orientali francia" and his wife Kunigund to Kloster St Saturnin at Münsterdreisen by charter dated [863/64][14].  "Karolus…rex" made a donation to St Gallen of property "in comitatu Turgeuue" previously owned by "Nandheri et uxor sua Adala cum filiis vel filiabus eorum" by charter dated 9 Dec 879[15].  It is not known whether these two charters refer to the same individual.  This is not inevitable as the former document relates to property in Franconia, the latter in Swabia.  m firstly KUNIGUND, daughter of ---.  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed a donation by "Nantharii ducis in orientali francia" and his wife Kunigund to Kloster St Saturnin at Münsterdreisen by charter dated [863/64][16]m secondly ADELA, daughter of ---.  "Karolus…rex" made a donation to St Gallen of property "in comitatu Turgeuue" previously owned by "Nandheri et uxor sua Adala cum filiis vel filiabus eorum" by charter dated 9 Dec 879[17]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    Die AHALOLFINGER

 

 

It is not certain that Erchanger, father of Empress Richilde, was related to the Ahalolfinger family, but his name suggests that this may have been the case.  The name of one of his brothers Worad suggests a family connection with Worad who was recorded in 782 (see the document CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY). 

 

1.         --- .  m ROTRUD, daughter of --- (-after 4 Mar 828).  Emperors Louis I and Lothar confirmed that Vualdo abba monasterii...Svarzaha” had exchanged property with "Erkingarius comes ac genitrix et fratri sui Rotdrudis, Vuoradus, Bernaldus et Bernardus" by charter dated 4 Mar 828[18].  Four children: 

a)         ERCHANGER (-864).  Emperors Louis I and Lothar confirmed that Vualdo abba monasterii...Svarzaha” had exchanged property with "Erkingarius comes ac genitrix et fratri sui Rotdrudis, Vuoradus, Bernaldus et Bernardus" by charter dated 4 Mar 828[19].  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[20]The Annales Alamannicorum record "Erkingarius comes in Alamannia, pater primæ uxoris anonymæ Caroli Crassi" among those who swore allegiance in 864[21].  The Annales Weingartenses record the death in 864 of “Eberht, Liutolf, Erchanger, Liutfrid, Ruadolf, Purghart et alii quam plurimi istius regni Principes[22]m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Erchanger’s wife has not been identified.   Erchanger & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          RICHARDIS (-Abbey of Andlau, Alsace 18 Sep before [906/11]).  The Annales Alamannicorum record "Erkingarius comes in Alamannia, pater primæ uxoris anonymæ Caroli Crassi"[23].  Abbess of Andlau in Alsace 887.  At the time of their divorce, the couple both declared that the marriage had never been consummated.  Regino names "Gozzelino eiusdem urbis [=Paris?] episcopo" in 887, recording that he left the church and married "Richardem sic enim Augusta vocabatur"[24]m firstly (862, divorced 887) CHARLES, son of LUDWIG II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks & his wife Emma [Welf] (839-Neudingen an der Donau 13 Jan 888, bur Kloster Reichenau).  He succeeded his father in 876 as KARL III King of the East Franks.  He was crowned Emperor KARL III "le Gros" in 881.  m secondly GAUZLIN ex-Bishop. 

ii)         [---.  If “neptis” in the charter quoted below can be interpreted in the strict sense of “niece”, one of the parents of Rotrud was the sibling of Richardis.  However, as illustrated by numerous examples, the term could indicate a more remote family relationship.  m ---.]  One child: 

(a)       ROTRUD"Hludouuicus…rex" confirmed donations of Empress Richgard by charter dated [900/09] which names "Ruuddrudis neptis sepe dicte imperatricis"[25].  The precise relationship is not known. 

b)         WORADEmperors Louis I and Lothar confirmed that Vualdo abba monasterii...Svarzaha” had exchanged property with "Erkingarius comes ac genitrix et fratri sui Rotdrudis, Vuoradus, Bernaldus et Bernardus" by charter dated 4 Mar 828[26].  Conte di Verona. 

c)         BERNALDEmperors Louis I and Lothar confirmed that Vualdo abba monasterii...Svarzaha” had exchanged property with "Erkingarius comes ac genitrix et fratri sui Rotdrudis, Vuoradus, Bernaldus et Bernardus" by charter dated 4 Mar 828[27]

d)         BERNHARDEmperors Louis I and Lothar confirmed that Vualdo abba monasterii...Svarzaha” had exchanged property with "Erkingarius comes ac genitrix et fratri sui Rotdrudis, Vuoradus, Bernaldus et Bernardus" by charter dated 4 Mar 828[28]

 

 

Three siblings: 

1.         ERCHANGER (-executed 917).  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in loco Munichinga in pago Chlethgeuue" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 11 Mar 912 at the request of "comitum quoque Erchangarii et Chuonradi, Odalrici, Hugonis"[29].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erchangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[30], which shows that Erchanger was considered third in importance among the nobility in the realm at that time, assuming that the order of the names is of significance.  Konrad I King of Germany granted property "in pago Ibfigeuue et in comitatu Ernusti comitis sitas…in locis Leimbah, Steinaha et Thiefbach" to the bishop of Freising at the request of "Erchangarii et Heinrici comitum" by charter dated 8 Aug 912[31].  Konrad I King of Germany granted property "in pago Lobotungouue in comitatu Liutfridi comitis" to the monk Sigulf of Heiligenberg, and after his death to Kloster Lorsch, at the request of "Erkangeri comitis ac…Erlolfi et Folnandi" by charter dated 23 Aug 912[32]"Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Diotolf Bishop of Chur on the advice of "Erchangarii comitis palatii, Perahtoldi, Chuonradi, Henrici" by charter dated 25 Sep 912[33].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[34]The Annales Alamannicorum record "discordiam inter regem et Erchangerum" in 913, but that he was among those who defeated the Hungarians and thereafter made peace with the king (confirmed by the latter's marriage to Erchanger's sister)[35]He revolted against Konrad I King of Germany in 913/14, was acclaimed dux after the defeat of his rivals at Hohenaltheim in 916, but executed in 917[36]Regino records in 917 "Erchanger et Berahtold decollantur"[37]

2.         BERTHOLD (-executed 917).  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erichangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[38]The Annales Sangallenses record that "Erchanger et Perehtolt frater eius et Uadalricus comes" were among those who defeated the Hungarians in 913[39].  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Erchanger, Perahtolt et Liutfrid" were killed in 916[40], without specifying the relationship between Erchanger and Berthold. 

3.         KUNIGUNDE (-after 7 Jun 914, bur Kloster Lorsch)Her two marriages are confirmed by the Annales Alamannicorum which record the marriage in 913 of "sororem [Erchangeri] Liupoldi relictam" with the king[41]Her second husband arranged their marriage in an unsuccessful attempt to ally himself with her brother and with Arnulf Duke of Bavaria[42].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted rights to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 7 Jun 914 which names "coniugis nostre Chunigunde regine"[43].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed grants of property "sue locum Ginga" to Kloster Lorsch by "coniux nostra Chunigund" by charter dated 8 Feb 915[44]m firstly [as his second wife,] LIUTPOLD Markgraf [Luitpoldinger], son of --- (-killed in battle near Pressburg 4 Jul 907).  m secondly (913) KONRAD I King of Germany, son of KONRAD Graf in der Wetterau und im Wormsgau, Markgraf in Thuringia [Konradiner] & his wife Glismut (-19 Oct 918, bur Fulda). 

 

 

1.         ERCHANGER (-after 7 Nov 921).  A document dated 7 Nov 921 recording a meeting between Charles III "le Simple" King of France and Heinrich I King of Germany names "Matfredus, Erkengerus, Hagano, Boso, Waltherus, Isaac, Ragenberus, Theodricus, Adalardus, Adelelmus" as representatives of the former[45].  It is not known how Erchanger may have been related to the earlier counts of this name. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    GRAFEN im GRABFELD

 

 

A.      Die "alten" BABENBERGER

 

 

Several different counts are recorded in pagus Grabfeld at the same time.  There is no proof that they were all related.  Their number indicates that Grabfeld was a geographically extensive pagus with several different comital centres.  The documentation records a close connection between these counts and the monastery of Fulda, as can be seen in the details set out below.  A charter of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated 5 Feb 834 records that Fulda was located in "pago Grapfelt" although it does not name any of the counts[46]

 

 

According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Poppo [I] was the son of Heinrich, supposed son of Heimrich Graf im Oberrheingau und im Lahngau[47].  No primary source has been identified which confirms this parentage.  It is suspected that the supposed relationship is speculative in order to link the alte Babenberger family to the Rotbertiner. 

 

1.         POPPO [I] .  Graf [im Grabfeld]: "Popo comes" is named in the charter dated 4 Nov 819 under which "Reginolt" donated property "in pago Grapfeld in villa Nordheim et in pago Folcfeld…in pago Gozfeld…in pago…Weringeuue" to Fulda[48].  "Popponi comitis" subscribed the charter dated 23 Nov 819 under which "Albhart" donated property "in pago Grapfelde" to Fulda[49].  "Poppo comes" subscribed the charter dated 24 May 821 under which "Helmrih" donated property to Fulda[50].  "Poppo comes" donated property "in situa Bochonis…iuxta fluvium Lutraha…in pago Grapfeld" to Fulda by charter dated 1 Feb 826[51].  "Ludewicus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the donation of property "duas…villas ex beneficio Bopponis comites infra Boboniam quarum…Geismara et Borsaa" to Fulda by charter dated 27 Feb 839[52]

 

2.         RATOLF (-after 15 Mar 838).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Ratolfi comitis, Hrabani filii eius" subscribed the charter dated 15 Mar 838 under which "Uualtpraht" donated property "in pago Grapfeld in villa Stetihaha" to Fulda[53]m ---.  The name of Ratolf's wife is not known.  Ratolf & his wife had one child: 

a)         HRABAN (-after 15 Mar 838).  "Ratolfi comitis, Hrabani filii eius" subscribed the charter dated 15 Mar 838 under which "Uualtpraht" donated property "in pago Grapfeld in villa Stetihaha" to Fulda[54]

 

 

There appears to be a large chronological gap between Poppo [I] and the three brothers Heinrich, Poppo and Egino.  It appears wise therefore not to assume that the latter were sons of the former without further proof, although if they were not his sons no indication has been found to identify their father.  Jackman suggests that he was Christian [I] Graf im Grabfeld, his son Christian [II] therefore being another brother[55].  However, if this is correct, it is surprising that the name Christian is not found among the descendants of the three brothers.  Presumably Jackman bases this speculation on the common reference to Grabfeld.  However, as noted above, there were several different families of counts who held countships in Grabfeld at the same time and it is not certain that they were all related to each other. 

 

1.         HEINRICH (-killed in battle Paris [before Sep] 886, bur St Médard at Soissons).  The Annales Fuldenses names "Poppone fratre Henirico et Eginone comitibus"[56]He was invested as Marquis en Neustrie in 886. 

-        see below

2.         POPPO [II] (-906 or after)The Annales Fuldenses record that "Sclavi…Dalmatii et Behemi atque Sorabi" invaded Thuringia in 880 and devastated the land around "Salam fluvium", in which battle "Poppo comes et dux Sorabici limitis" fought[57]Duke in Thuringia.  The Annales Fuldenses record "in Thuringia…quibus Poppo comes et dux Sorabici" campaigning in 880[58], and more specifically names "Poppone fratre Heinrico et Eginone comitibus", recording that he conquered "Thuringis inferior"[59]The Annales Fuldenses records the civil war between Saxons and Thuringians in 882, through the machinations of "Poppone fratre Heinrici et Egninone comitibus" and Poppo's subsequent conquest of "Thuringis inferior"[60]The Annales Fuldenses records a conflict in 883 between "Boppo et Egino comites et duces Thuringorum", in which Poppo was victorious[61]"Gotesdeu" donated property "in pago Badnegewe in comitatu Eginonis…in pago Graphelt in comitatu Heinrici…loco Munrichestat" to Fulda by charter dated 16 Apr 887, signed by "Boppo comes"[62].  "Bobbo comes, Adalbraht, Bobbo filii eius…" witnessed an undated charter, placed with charters dated [887/89] in the cartulary, under which "Martinus" donated property "in pago Graphelde in Norchemero marca in comitatu Adalberti" to Fulda, with the consent of "sui domini Bobbonis"[63]"Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Uuormazfelda in comitatu Megingaudi…in villa Dechidestein" to Kloster Fulda on the proposal of "Pobbonis et Deotpoldi [comitum]" by charter dated 21 Jul 889[64].  "Arnolfus…rex" gave property "nuncupante Hruodeshof in pago Folchfelda in comitatu Ebonis" to "nostræ Fridarun" on the intervention of "Popbonis marchionis nostri" by charter dated 12 Jan 891[65]The Annales Fuldenses records that "Poppo dux Thuringorum" was deprived of his honours in 891[66].  Regino specifies that his dukedom was given to "Chuonrado" and soon after to "Burchardo comitis"[67]Ludwig "das Kind" King of Germany issued a charter relating to Kloster Fulda "in pago Folcfelda in comitatu Popponis" dated 29 Jun 906[68]m [--- of Thuringia, daughter of THAKULF Duke in Thuringia & his wife ---.  Jackman speculates that Poppo owed his dukedom in Thuringia to having married the daughter of Duke Thakulf, sister of Duke Radulf[69].  This is an interesting theory but it assumes that the principle of heredity played a part in the transfer of such titles, an issue which merits further study.]  Duke Poppo [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ADALBERT (-after 915).  "Bobbo comes, Adalbraht, Bobbo filii eius…" witnessed an undated charter, placed with charters dated [887/89] in the cartulary, under which "Martinus" donated property "in pago Graphelde in Norchemero marca in comitatu Adalberti" to Fulda, with the consent of "sui domini Bobbonis"[70].  Graf im Grabfeld and Tullfeld. 

b)         POPPO [III] (-945).  "Bobbo comes, Adalbraht, Bobbo filii eius…" witnessed an undated charter, placed with charters dated [887/89] in the cartulary, under which "Martinus" donated property "in pago Graphelde in Norchemero marca in comitatu Adalberti" to Fulda, with the consent of "sui domini Bobbonis"[71].  Graf im Grabfeld und Tullfeld.  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[72]Heinrich I King of Germany granted property "in Buochunna sitas…in pago Grapfeld in comitatu Bobbonis infra terminum Soresdorf…in loco Berahtoltestafta" to Kloster Fulda by charter dated 22 Jun 922[73]"Heinricus…rex" confirmed rights of the bishopric of Würzburg to income from various properties at the suggestion of "presul Thioto…cum Bobbone comite" by charter dated 8 Apr 923[74].  "Otto…rex" granted privileges to Würzburg church relating to property "in Nordheimono marco…in pago Craffelda in comitatu Popponis" and of "Poppo comes noster" by charter dated 13 Dec 941[75]According to Europäische Stammtafeln[76], Graf Poppo [III] was the possible father of Graf Poppo [IV] and of Graf Otto [I] (-died after 982).  The latter appears identical with "Otto Graf von Grabfeld", who has been identified by Jackman[77] as the son of Udo Graf in der Wetterau, im Rheingau und Lahngau [Konradiner]. 

c)         [daughter Patze suggests that the wife of Graf Wilhelm [I] was the daughter of Poppo [II] Duke of Thuringia, Graf im Volkfeld[78].  Jackman comments that "this is chronologically very unlikely"[79].  The source which provides the basis for this suggestion has not been identified, although her naming her supposed son Poppo suggests a connection.  It should be noted that the sons of Poppo [II] were Grafen im Grabfeld (according to Europäische Stammtafeln[80]).  The wife of Graf Wilhelm [I]'s possible son, Graf Wilhelm [II], was the daughter of Otto "Graf von Grabfeld".  This suggests some possible confusion between the wives of the two Grafen Wilhelm.  m WILHELM I Graf in Südthüringau, im Gau Usiti [Husitin] und im Helms- und Altgau [Weimar-Orlamünde], son of --- (-16 Apr 963).] 

3.         EGINO (-[886/87]).  The Annales Fuldenses records the civil war between Saxons and Thuringians in 882, through the machinations of "Poppone fratre Heinrici et Egninone comitibus" and Poppo's subsequent conquest of "Thuringis inferior"[81]The Annales Fuldenses records a conflict in 883 between "Boppo et Egino comites et duces Thuringorum", in which Poppo was victorious[82].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 886 of "Egino com"[83]"Gotesdeu" donated property "in pago Badnegewe in comitatu Eginonis…in pago Graphelt in comitatu Heinrici…loco Munrichestat" to Fulda by charter dated 16 Apr 887, signed by "Boppo comes"[84], which places some doubt on the date of death in the previous source.  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "ad Chrutheim in pagis Folcfeld et in Iffigeuue in comitatibus filiorum Heimrici et Eginonis" to "ministerialis…Epo" by charter dated 13 Mar 888[85]

 

 

HEINRICH, son of --- (-killed in battle Paris [before Sep] 886, bur St Médard at Soissons)The Annales Fuldenses names "Poppone fratre Henirico et Eginone comitibus"[86].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Heinricum principum" led the army of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks into Moravia in 866[87].  The Annales Fuldenses names "Henricum" as "principum militiæ suæ [=Hludowicus Hludowici regis filius]" and as "comitis vassalus" in 871[88].  The Annales Fuldenses records the victory of "Heinricus et Adalhartus" against "Thiotbaldo principe militiæ Hugonis" in 880[89].  The Annales Fuldenses records the civil war between Saxons and Thuringians in 882, through the machinations of "Poppone fratre Heinrici et Egninone comitibus" and Poppo's subsequent conquest of "Thuringis inferior"[90].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Heinricus frater Popponis" fought the Vikings at "Prumiam" in 883[91].  He was invested as Marquis en Neustrie in 886 by Emperor Karl III "der Dicke", who was at that time briefly King of the West Franks, after the death of Hugues l'Abbé.  Abbo's Bella Parisiciæ Urbis records the part played by "Saxonia vir Ainricus" at the siege of Paris in 886[92]The Annales Fuldenses record that "Heinrico marchensi Francorum" who held Neustria was killed at the siege of Paris in 886[93].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "886 Kal Sep" of "Heinrih com"[94]

m BABA, daughter of --- (-after 864).  The Annalista Saxo names Adalbert and his "pater Heinricus dux, mater Baba dicebatur"[95]The primary source which confirms her name as Ingeltrudis has not yet been identified.  Eckhardt suggests that Heinrich’s wife (whom he calls Ingeltrudis) was the daughter of Eberhard Marquis of Friulia & his wife Gisela [Carolingian], and therefore sister of Berengario I King of Italy[96].  This appears chronologically tight, although possible. 

Heinrich & his wife had four children: 

1.         HEDWIG [Hathui] ([850/55]-24 Dec 903).  "Hathwiga" is named as wife of Otto in the Annalista Saxo, which in an earlier passage records that Heinrich I King of Germany was the son of the sister of Adalbert [Babenberg][97].  Her birth date is estimated from the birth of her third son in 876.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 903 of "Hadwih com"[98].  The necrology of Merseburg records the death "24 Dec" of "Hathuui mater Heinrici regis"[99]m OTTO "der Erlauchte" Graf im Sudthüringau und Eichsfeld, son of LIUDOLF [von Sachsen] & his wife Oda [Billung] (-30 Nov 912[100], bur Gandersheim Stiftskirche).  He was chosen to succeed Ludwig "das Kind" [Carolingian] as king of Germany in 911 but, according to Widukind, he declined on the grounds of his advanced age and recommended the election of Konrad ex-Duke of the Franconians[101]

2.         ADALBERT (-executed 9 Jun 906).  The Annalista Saxo names Adalbert and his "pater Heinricus dux, mater Baba dicebatur", when recording his struggle with the Konradiner family[102]Regino records "magna discordianum" between "Rodulfum episcopum Wirziburgensem" and "filios Heinrici ducis, Adalbertum, Adalhardum et Heinricum" in 897[103]Regino records the war in 902 between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres"[104]Regino records that in 903 "Adalbertus Rodulfum episcopum Wiziburgensis ecclesia fugat"[105]"Adalberti comitis" exchanged property with the abbot of Fulda by charter dated 26 Apr 903[106]The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 903 "Adalbertus Chonradum bello occidit"[107].  The Annales Laubacenses record that in 906 "Adalbertus filius Heinrichi, ficta fide episcoporum deceptus, capite decollatus est"[108].  Graf.  He was executed during the bitter quarrel between the Babenberger and Konradiner families, which marked the breaking of Babenberg power in central Germany[109]m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Adalbert & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [HEINRICH (-[935]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[110], Heinrich was the probable son of Adalbert or of one of Adalbert's brothers.  This is supported by his being described as "propinquus noster" by Heinrich I King of Germany (see below), who was the son of Adalbert's sister Hedwig and would therefore have been Heinrich's first cousin if the relationship is correctly shown here.  Konrad I King of Germany granted property "in pago Ibfigeuue et in comitatu Ernusti comitis sitas…in locis Leimbah, Steinaha et Thiefbach" to the bishop of Freising at the request of "Erchangarii et Heinrici comitum" by charter dated 8 Aug 912[111]"Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Diotolf Bishop of Chur on the advice of "Erchangarii comitis palatii, Perahtoldi, Chuonradi, Henrici" by charter dated 25 Sep 912[112].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[113].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Udalfrid Bishop of Eichstätt by charter dated 9 Sep 918 at the request of "Eberhardo et Heinricho comitibus"[114].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[115].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "ducis nostri Arnulfi vassallo Kerung" at the request of "comitis ac propinqui nostri Henrici" by charter dated 18 Oct 927[116].  This suggests that Heinrich was a Bavarian count, Arnulf being duke of Bavaria.  "Henricus…rex" granted property "in pago Sueuia in comitatu…Sigifridi curtem…Groninga…et Croppensteti et Emmundorp" to "Sigifredo…comiti" at the request of "Henrici comitis" by charter dated 25 Jun 934[117].]  m ---.  The name of Heinrich's wife is not known.  Heinrich & his wife had [three possible children[118]]: 

i)          [HEINRICH (-Rome 3 Jul 964).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Archbishop of Trier 956.  The Continuator of Regino records the death in 956 from plague of “Ruodbertus archiepiscopus Treverensis et Hadamarus abbas Fuldensis” and the election “quibus Heinricus in episcopatu[119].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Heinricus" succeeded "Rutpertum" as archbishop of Trier[120].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Heinricus episcopus" died "in Italia"[121].  The Continuator of Regino records the death in 964 from plague in Rome of “Heinricus archiepiscopus Treverensis[122].] 

ii)         [POPPO (-15 Feb 961).  Brother of Heinrich Archbishop of Trier.  Chancellor of Germany 931/940.  Bishop of Würzburg 941.  The necrology of St Gall records the death "XV Kal Mar" of "Popponis Wirciburgensis ecclesie ep"[123].] 

iii)        [BERTHOLD (-15 Jan 980).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, but as discussed in the document BAVARIA NOBILITY the connection must be speculative.  Graf 941.  Graf im Radenzgau 960.  Graf an der unteren Naab 961.  Graf im Volkfeld 973.  Markgraf 976.  Graf des Ostlichen Franken 980.] 

-         MARKGRAFEN von SCHWEINFURT

3.         ADALHARD (-executed 903).  Regino records "magna discordianum" between "Rodulfum episcopum Wirziburgensem" and "filios Heinrici ducis, Adalbertum, Adalhardum et Heinricum" in 897[124]Regino records the war between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres", specifying that "Adalhardus captor…est"[125].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 900 "Adalhart et Heimrich frater eius et Eberhardius bello occisi sunt"[126]

4.         HEINRICH (-killed in battle [902/03]).  Regino records "magna discordianum" between "Rodulfum episcopum Wirziburgensem" and "filios Heinrici ducis, Adalbertum, Adalhardum et Heinricum" in 897[127]Regino records the war between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres", specifying that "Heinrich interfectus…est"[128].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 900 "Adalhart et Heimrich frater eius et Eberhardius bello occisi sunt"[129]

 

 

1.         OTTO (-[983/85]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[130], Otto was the possible son of Poppo [III] Graf im Grabfeld und Tullfeld, but the source on which this is based has not been identified.  Jackman suggests that he was the same person as Otto, son of Graf Udo [Konradiner][131], but this theory is intertwined with his other theory concerning the affiliation of Graf Heribert, father of Otto von Hammerstein.  "Otto…rex" granted property "villam Northeim in pago Salzgowe in comitatu Ottonis comitis" to Kloster Fulda by undated charter placed in the compilation with other charters dated in early 951[132].  Graf im Grabfeld.  m ---.  The name of Otto's wife is not known.  Otto & his wife had [one child]:

a)         [daughter .  The name of Graf Wilhelm [II]'s wife is not known.  Jackman suggests[133], for onomastic reasons only it appears, that she was the daughter of Otto Graf von Grabfeld, his assumption being that the latter was a Konradiner.  m WILHELM II "der Grosse" Graf von Weimar, son of [WILHELM I Graf in Südthüringau, im Helms- und Altgau & his wife ---] (-24 Dec 1003, bur Naumburg).]

  

2.         GEBHARD (-982).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 982 of "Gebehart com"[134]

 

3.         OTTO (-27 May 1010).  Graf im Grabfeld.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[135], Graf Otto was the father of Poppo Graf von Henneberg and his brother Godebold Burggraf von Würzburg (ancestor of the later Grafen von Henneberg).  It appears that this is based on onomastic reasons, as the same source states that Graf Otto's male line great grandfather was possibly Poppo [II] Markgraf der Sorbenmark, Graf im Volkfeld ("alte" Babenberger).  If this descent is incorrect, it is assumed that there is no further basis for the suggestion.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1010 VI Kal Iun" of "Otto com"[136]

 

 

4.         HERMANN (-killed in battle Marabolt 13 Jul 995).  Graf von Leinegau.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "995 III Id Iul" of "Heriman com occisus est Marabolt"[137]

 

 

 

B.      FAMILY of GRAF CHRISTIAN

 

 

The individuals in the following proposed family sub-group are linked by common references in charters which record donations to Fulda.  Christian [I] and Burkhard are shown as counts in Grabfeld, although Burkhard is also recorded as count in "pagis Dreini et Boroctra" assuming that the reference is to the same person.  Burkhard and Hesso [II] subscribed one of the charters of Christian [I].  Christian [I] and Hesso [II] are referred to in a royal diploma relating to Fulda, which also introduces Liutolf into the group.  Hesso [II] could be linked with Hesso [I], who is listed among the group of Saxon nobility.  The latter is recorded as one of the Saxon counts who fought Charles I King of the Franks during the latter part of the 8th century and is also linked in the documentation with Fulda. 

 

 

Three probable brothers: 

1.         BURKHARD (-after 23 Feb 866).  "Burgrat comes" donated property "in pago Grapfeld in…Buchonia villam…Motten" to Fulda by charter dated 13 Aug 837[138].  This is presumably the same person as one of the subscribers "Hesses comitis, Burgharti comitis" to the charter dated 27 Jun 837 under which "Cristan [comes]" donated property "in provincia Grapfeldorum…in villa Iuchisa" to Fulda by charter dated 27 Jun 837, signed by "Christani comitis"[139].  He may be the same Burkhard whose county is referred to in the charter dated 13 Jun 858 under which "Ludowicus…rex" granted property to Kloster Herford "in pagis Dreini et Boroctra…in comitatibus Burchardi et Warini…in Seliheim et in Stocheim"[140]He may also be the same Burkhard whose county is referred to in the charter dated 25 Apr 859 under which "Ludowicus…rex" granted property to Fulda "in pagis Grainga et Threcwiti…et in comitatibus Burchardi, Waltberti et Albrici atque Letti"[141]An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of Germany dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[142].  The appearance of the names "…Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus…" in sequence in this document supports the theory that the three were brothers.  "Nordman" donated property "in provincia Crapfeldoue" to Fulda by charter dated 23 Feb 866 which names "quondam dominus meus Hessi comes" and is subscribed by "Burgharti comitis"[143]

2.         CHRISTIAN [I] (-18 Feb 871).  "Cristan [comes]" donated property "in provincia Grapfeldorum…in villa Iuchisa" to Fulda by charter dated 27 Jun 837, signed by "Christani comitis…Hesses comitis, Burgharti comitis"[144]Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks confirmed rights of "Lutolfo, Cristano et Hessoni comitibus" relating to Kloster Fulda by an undated charter, with charters dated 849 in the compilation[145]An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of Germany dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[146].  The appearance of the names "…Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus…" in sequence in this document supports the theory that the three were brothers.  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of Germany granted property to "comes…Cristianus" by charter dated 8 Jul 861[147]He is probably "Christianus comes" who agreed an exchange of land in Wachenheim and Schifferstadt "in pago Spirense" with Gebhard Bishop of Speyer, confirmed by charter of Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of Germany dated 25 May 868[148].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "871 12 Kal Mar" of "Cristan comes"[149]m HEILWIG, daughter of ---.  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed possession by "Cristiano comiti et uxori eius…Heilwih" of their foundation Kloster Rohr and made donations of property "quod suus genitor ei hereditavit…in pago Grabfeld…in loco Cristaneshusen" by an undated charter, placed in the compilation among charters dated [868/70][150].  Christian [I] & his wife had [one probable child]: 

a)         [CHRISTIAN [II] (-[876/86]).  "Cunihilt" donated property "in pago Grapfelde in comitatu Kristani comitis" to Fulda by charter dated 874, signed by "Kristani comitis"[151].  "Elli, Ermenolt et Bald" donated property "in pago Grapfeldo in comitatu Kristani comitis" to Fulda by charter dated 14 Feb 876[152]"Kristan comes…" is named with Liutbert Archbishop of Mainz in a charter dated 18 May 876 which records the settlement of a dispute between the archbishop and Sigihard Abbot of Fulda[153]"Adalgardi comitis, Erinfridi comitis, Cristiani comitis" signed the charter dated 1 Oct 877 under which "Liutharius" donated property "in pago Lobodense in villare Husa…Sahssenheim…" to Lorsch[154]None of these documents prove that Christian [II] was the son of Christian [I], but this looks probable.  m ---.  The name of Christian's wife is not known.  Christian [II] & his wife had [one possible child]:

i)          [HEINRICH (-after 16 Apr 887).  "Gotesdeu" donated property "in pago Badnegewe in comitatu Eginonis…in pago Graphelt in comitatu Heinrici…loco Munrichestat" to Fulda by charter dated 16 Apr 887, signed by "Boppo comes"[155].  It is possible that Heinrich was related to the Alten Babenberger family, as both "Egino" and "Boppo", also named in the document, appear to have belonged to that family.]

3.         LIUDOLF [Liutolf] (-[864]).  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed rights of "Lutolfo, Cristano et Hessoni comitibus" relating to Kloster Fulda by an undated charter, with charters dated 849 in the compilation[156]An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of Germany dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[157].  The appearance of the names "…Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus…" in sequence in this document supports the theory that the three were brothers.  The Annales Weingartenses record the death in 864 of “Eberht, Liutolf, Erchanger, Liutfrid, Ruadolf, Purghart et alii quam plurimi istius regni Principes[158]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    GRAFEN im LAHNGAU (KONRADINER)

 

 

This family, of Frankish origin, established a strong position in Franconia during the reign of Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of the East Franks.  They eliminated their closest rivals the Babenberger family in 906.  The succession of a member of this family to the German throne was seen as the obvious choice after the death without heirs of King Ludwig IV[159].  As will be seen in the analysis set out below, many of the family relationships in this family are speculative, based on the onomastic theories of Jackman.  

 

 

UDO, son of GEBHARD Graf im Niederlahngau & his wife ---.  Graf im Lahngau.  860/879. 

m ---.  The identity of Udo's wife is not known with certainty.  According to Jackman[160], she may have been [Judith], daughter of Konrad Graf im Linz- und Argengau.  King Arnulf in a charter dated 19 May 891 names "Chonradi…comitis et nepotis nostri"[161].  The speculation is that the relationship may have been through Konrad's mother who, if identified as the daughter of Konrad Graf im Linz- under Argengau, was the niece of King Arnulf's paternal grandmother Queen Hemma.  However, an interesting puzzle is highlighted by the charter dated 10 Feb 910 under which "Hludouuicus…rex" confirmed the foundation of St Georg at Limburg-an-der-Lahn at the request of "Chuonrati ducis et fidelis neptis nostri, cuidam Chuonrato…comiti nostro filio Eberhardi in pago Loganahe in suo comitatu"[162].  "Chuonrati ducis et fidelis neptis nostri…" in this document is identified as the future Konrad I King of Germany, and therefore the son of Konrad who is named in the 891 charter.   The two documents are therefore consistent in this respect when both are described as "nepotis" of King Arnulf and King Ludwig IV.  However, "…cuidam Chuonrato…comiti nostro filio Eberhardi" is identified as Konrad "Kurzbold", son of Eberhard (killed in [902/03]) who is identified in other sources (as explained below) as the brother of the senior Konrad who is named in the 891 charter.   The problem is that Konrad "Kurzbold" is not identified, either in the 910 charter or in other documentation in which he is named, as "nepos" of either of the Carolingian monarchs.  One explanation could be that Konrad and Eberhard were born from different marriages of their father.   

Udo & his wife had [four possible] children[163], who as shown below are confirmed as brothers in primary sources none of which mentions their parentage: 

1.         KONRAD ([845/60]-killed in battle near Fritzlar 27 Feb 906, bur Weilburg Martinskirche)Regino names "Chuonradus senior [et] frater eius Gebehardus", specifying that Konrad resided in Hessen at Friedeslar[164].  His birth date range is estimated from other estimated birth date ranges of members of the family and the known dates of Konrad's own career.  Graf im Oberlahngau 886.  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in comitatu Nordgauensis…in villa Yebinesheim" to the church of Speyer at the request of "Chuonradi comitis ministerialisque" by charter dated 3 Feb 891[165]Regino specifies that the dukedom of "Boppo dux Thuringorum" was given to "Chuonrado" in 892 and soon after to "Burchardo comitis"[166].  "Conradum, patrem Conradi postea regis" is named in the Annalista Saxo, when recording his quarrel with Adalbert [Babenberg] and Heinrich of Saxony[167].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 903 "Adalbertus Chonradum bello occidit"[168].  Graf im Hessengau 897.  "Adelbero…Augustensis ecclesiæ…præsul" donated property to Lorsch "in pago Rinigouue in comitatum Gebehardi" by charter dated 20 May [896/99], signed by "Cunrado, Walahone, Gebehardo, Ruperto, Liutfrido, Burkardo, Dragebodo comitibus"[169]Graf im Gotzfeldgau 903:  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to the bishopric of Würzburg by charter dated 9 Jul 903 at the request (among others) of "comitum…Chonrati…" and which related to property "in pago Cozfelda in comitatu Chonrati"[170].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed property of Stift Kaiserswerth naming "Cuonrat…propinquus noster et abba cœnobii sancti Suithberti" at the request of "comitum…Cuonrati…et Gebeharti" by charter dated 3 Aug 904[171].  A charter dated 14 Jun 904 records an agreement between Hatto Archbishop of Mainz and the abbot of Riamnis "in manum…suique advocate Burkardi…comitis" relating to property "in locis Wilheim, Pisinga et Vosinga", signed by "Adelbertus comes, Arnolfus comes, Cunradus comes, Erinfridus comes, Liutfridus comes"[172]Graf in der Wetterau 905.  Graf im Wormsgau 906: "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed property of the church of Worms including "res in pago Wormazfelde in comitatu Kuonrati" which "comes Gebehartus" held, by charter dated 2 Sep 906[173]Regino records that "Chuonradus comes" sent "filium suum Chuonradum" against "Gerardum et fratrem eius Matfridum" in 906[174].  Markgraf in Thuringia[175]Regino records the death in battle "906 III Kal Mar" of "Chuonradus senior" and his burial "in castello Wileneburch" by "filii cum matre" (without naming them)[176]m GLISMOD, daughter of --- (-26 Apr 924).  "Chuonradus…rex" made a donation of property "in pago Husitin et in comitatu Bardonis…curtem Dribura…et in pago Loganacgouue…in comitatu Ottonis fratris nostri" to Kloster Fulda on the intervention of "genitricis nostræ Glismodæ" by charter dated 1 Jul 912[177].  Jackman speculates[178] that Glismod must have been related to the earlier dukes in Thuringia, which would have given her husband a hereditary claim to the dukedom which he held briefly, postulating that she was the daughter of a sister of Duke Thakulf[179].  This assumes the grant depended on some hereditary right and was not merely a reward for personal service.  The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death "VI Kal Mai 924" of "Glismuot com"[180].  Graf Konrad & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         KONRAD ([875/85]-19 Oct or 23 Dec 918, bur Fulda)Regino records that "Chuonradus comes" sent "filium suum Chuonradum" against "Gerardum et fratrem eius Matfridum" in 906[181].  Graf im Hessengau 908: "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to Kloster Hersfeld built "in pago Hassionum in comitatu Chuonrati" by charter dated 17 Dec 908[182].  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 17 Dec 908 which names "Chonradi comitis nostri atque propinqui"[183].  "Hludouuicus…rex" confirmed the foundation of St Georg at Limburg-an-der-Lahn at the request of "Chuonrati ducis et fidelis neptis nostri, cuidam Chuonrato…comiti nostro filio Eberhardi in pago Loganahe in suo comitatu" by charter dated 10 Feb 910[184].  Graf im Keldachgau 910: "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to "presbitero Foldger" at the request of "Chuonradus comes ac propinquus noster…in pago Keldocense in comitatu ipsius Chuonradi" by charter dated 26 Jul 910[185].  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to "presbitero Gozbold" at the request of "Chuonradi et Eberhardi comitum" by charter dated 16 Jun 911[186].  He was elected KONRAD I King of Germany at Forchheim [7/10] Nov 911, with support from "Franks, Saxons, Alemans and Bavarians"[187].  He was opposed by his brother-in-law Erchanger who rebelled in 915, and by Arnulf Duke of Bavaria[188].  He was wounded on an expedition against Duke Arnulf, which led to his death[189].  On his deathbed he nominated Heinrich of Saxony as his successor as king of Germany[190].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 918 of "Cuonradus rex"[191]Regino records the death of "Chuonradus rex" in 919 and his burial in Fulda monastery[192].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "X Kal Jan" of "Chuonradi regis"[193].  Thietmar records his death on 19 Oct, and his "funeral obsequies…at Weilburg"[194].  The Annalista Saxo records that "sepultus est in civitate sua Wilinaburh"[195]m (before 7 Jun 914) as her second husband, KUNIGUNDE, widow of LIUTPOLD Markgraf [Liutpoldinger], sister of Graf ERCHANGER [Ahalolfinger] (bur Kloster Lorsch).  Her two marriages are confirmed by the Annales Alamannicorum which record the marriage in 913 of "sororem [Erchangeri] Liupoldi relictam" with the king[196]Her second husband arranged their marriage in an unsuccessful attempt to ally himself with her brother and with Arnulf Duke of Bavaria[197].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted rights to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 7 Jun 914 which names "coniugis nostre Chunigunde regine"[198].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed grants of property "sue locum Ginga" to Kloster Lorsch by "coniux nostra Chunigund" by charter dated 8 Feb 915[199]

b)         EBERHARD (-killed in battle near Andernach 23 Oct 939).  The Chronicon Laureshamense records a declaration of "Chuonradus rex" dated "914 VII Id Iun apud Franchonfort" relating to the freedom of election of abbots in which he names "Eberhardi marchionis fratris nostri"[200].  Widukind names "Evurhardus frater regis"[201].  Thietmar also names Eberhard as brother of King Konrad, when recording that the latter recommended that he support the election of the future King Heinrich I on his deathbed[202].  Lay Abbot of St Maximin at Trier 909.  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to "presbitero Gozbold" at the request of "Chuonradi et Eberhardi comitum" by charter dated 16 Jun 911[203].  "Chuonradus…rex" donated property "in Turgeuue cirtem…Vuihare et in Alpegeuue locum…Sueininga…et in pago Para curtem…Oberendorf" to Kloster St Gallen on the intervention of "Eburhardique germani fratris nostri" by charter dated 14 Mar 912[204].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[205].  Graf im Hessen und Perfgau 913.  Graf im Oberlahngau 913 and 928.  Markgraf 914: "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "villa Bercheim in comitatu Eberhardi in pago Tuonahgouue" to "capellano Reginolf" by charter dated 4 May 916[206].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted rights to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 7 Jun 914 which names "coniugis nostre Chunigunde regine"[207].  Duke of Franconia.  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Udalfrid Bishop of Eichstätt by charter dated 9 Sep 918 at the request of "Eberhardo et Heinricho comitibus"[208].  He submitted to Heinrich I King of Germany, elected in 919 to succeed his deceased brother[209].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[210]A document dated 7 Nov 921 recording a meeting between Charles III "le Simple" King of France and Heinrich I King of Germany names "Evrardus, Chonradus, Herimannus, Hato, Godefredus, Otto, Herimannus, Cobbo, Magenhardus, Fridericus, Foldac" as representatives of the latter[211].  Truchsess 936.  Pfalzgraf 938.  He rebelled against Otto I "der Große" King of Germany in 938, seized Hellmern, and captured Heinrich, the king's brother, for which he was imprisoned at Hildesheim[212].  He was killed by his cousins, the brothers Hermann I Duke of Swabia and Udo[213].  Regino records that "Eberhardus" was sent into exile in 939 and killed[214].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 939 of "Eburhart dux"[215].  [m ---.  Jackman speculates[216] that Eberhard married (after Jun 910), as her third husband, Oda von Sachsen, widow firstly of Zwentibold King of Lotharingia [Carolingian] and secondly of Graf Gerhard [Matfriede], daughter of Otto “des Erlauchten” Duke [of Saxony] & his wife Hedwig (-2 Jul after 952), for onomastic reasons as the name of Eberhard's supposed daughter (her affiliation also being based only on his own separate onomastic hypothesis) was that of Oda's maternal grandmother.  This is an interesting theory but it accumulates one onomastic hypothesis on another and must be considered highly speculative.]  Eberhard [& his wife had one possible daughter]: 

i)          [INGELTRUD.  Jackman[217] suggests, for onomastic reasons only, that the wife of Vicomte Robert may have been the daughter of Graf Eberhard.  However, this appears unlikely from a geographical perspective.  In addition, no strikingly typical Konradiner names feature among this couple's descendants.  Settipani suggests that Ingeltrud may have been the daughter of Eberhard's younger brother Otto[218]m ROBERT Vicomte de Dijon, son of ---.] 

c)         OTTO (-after 918).  "Chuonradus…rex" made a donation of property "in pago Husitin et in comitatu Bardonis…curtem Dribura…et in pago Loganacgouue…in comitatu Ottonis fratris nostri" to Kloster Fulda on the intervention of "genitricis nostræ Glismodæ" by charter dated 1 Jul 912[219].  Graf im Ruhrgau.  Graf an der mittleren Lahn 912: "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in pago Logenahe in comitatu Ottonis germani nostri…curtem Reltenbach" to the convent at Weilburg by charter dated 28 Nov 912[220]

d)         [daughter .  Widukind names "Burghardum quoque Bardonem", specifying "quorum alter gener regis erat", when recording that Duke Heinrich drove them from Thuringia in 913[221].  “Burchardus comes” donated property to Bonn St Cassius, for the souls of “meæ...parentumque meorum atque...fratris mei Kunradi Francorum...regis”, at the request of “Waldolfi prepositi”, by charter dated to [911/18][222]m BURKHARD, son of BURKHARD dux in Thuringia & his wife ---.] 

2.         EBERHARD (-killed in battle near Bamberg [902/903])Regino records the war in 902 between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres", specifying that "Eberhardis multis vulneribus in prœlio occidit"[223].  The Annales Alammanicorum record that in 900 "Adalhart et Heimrich frater eius et Eberhardius bello occisi sunt"[224].  Graf im Niederlahngau.  Graf in der Ortenau 888.  m [WILTRUD], daughter of ---.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[225], the wife of Eberhard may have been Wiltrud, daughter of [Walacho & his wife ---].  Presumably her name is deduced from the charter dated 933 under which "Wiltrud mater Cunradi cum manu eiusdem filii sui" donated "omnem decimationem in Dissermark et in Brubechermark et in Lonstein" to "monasterium…Marcellini et Petri…situm in superiori Mulnheim…Selgenstat nuncupatur"[226].  This charter does not described Konrad as "comes".  However, a summary of donations to Kloster Bleidenstatt includes the donation by "Cunradus comes" on the death of "matris sue" of property "domo in qua Huwart vinitor habitat", undated[227].  This latter document does not name Konrad´s mother, but the suggestion is that Konrad may have been the same person as Konrad son of Wiltrud, on the assumption that the properties donated were in the same geographical area.  The basis for suggesting that Walacho was Wiltrud´s father is not known.  It may be related to the charter dated 5 Feb 902 under which Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of Germany donated property "in pago Spiricovue in comitatu Walahonis in villa…Hasalach" to Kloster Weissenburg at the request of "Chuonrati et Purcharti comitum"[228].  "Purcharti" was presumably Walacho´s son named Burkhard.  It is possible that "Chuonrati" was Walacho´s grandson, son of his daughter Wiltrud, although if this is correct it is unclear why Konrad´s name should have preceded Burkhard´s in the document.  Eberhard & his wife had three children: 

a)         KONRAD "Kurzbold" ([885/90]-30 Jun 948, bur Limburg St Georg).  "Hludouuicus…rex" gave property "in pago Loganahe…Brichene" to "Chuonrato…comiti nostro filio Eberhardi" in connection with the foundation of St Georg at Limburg-an-der-Lahn by charter dated 10 Feb 910 which also names "Chuonrati…ducis et…nepotem nostri"[229].  Widukind names "Conradi Evurhardi filii"[230].  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he was a young adult when he was granted property in 910.  Graf im Wormsgau 907: "Hludouuicus…rex" gave property "in pago Wormatiense in comitatu Cunradi in villa…Dienenheim" to the monk Sigolf at Lorsch by charter dated 22 Oct 907[231].  Graf im Unterlahngau, when he founded St Georg at Limburg in 910 (see charter quoted above).  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in loco Munichinga in pago Chlethgeuue" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 11 Mar 912 at the request of "comitum quoque Erchangarii et Chuonradi, Odalrici, Hugonis"[232].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erichangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[233].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property to Diotolf Bishop of Chur on the advice of "Erchangarii comitis palatii, Perahtoldi, Chuonradi, Henrici" by charter dated 25 Sep 912[234].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[235].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[236].  Graf im Ahregau 927.  "Alfuuinus ac…coniux mea Ada" donated property "…in pago Achgouue…in comitatu Kuonradi comitis in villa Blitgeresuuilere…" to the Ursulastift in Köln by charter dated 12 Mar 927, signed by "…Euerhardi comitis, Adalhardi comitis…"[237]Graf im Wormsgau 932: "Henricus…rex" granted property "in Triburi in pago Engilia in comitatu Megenwardi [et] in Istat in pago Nabelgowe in comitatu Meginwardi eiusdem et in Merseburc in pago Hosgowe in comitatu Sigifridi" to Kloster Fulda in exchange for property "in Abunheim in pago Warmazgowe in comitatu Chunradi" by charter dated 3 Jun 932[238].  ["Wiltrud mater Cunradi cum manu eiusdem filii sui" donated "omnem decimationem in Dissermark et in Brubechermark et in Lonstein" to "monasterium…Marcellini et Petri…situm in superiori Mulnheim…Selgenstat nuncupatur" by charter dated 933[239].  This donation was confirmed by Heinrich II King of Germany by a charter dated 30 Jan [1012/13] which relates to the donation to Kloster Seligenstatt by "matrone Wildrudis et Conradi filii sui" of "omnem decimationem suam…in Dissermark et in Brubechermark et in Lonsteyn"[240].]  "Otto…rex" donated "Meriske [Mörsch] in pago Vfgowe in comitatu Gebehardi" to the church of Speier "Baboni eiusdem comitis Burchardi vassallo in pago Hegouue" by charter dated 12 Feb 940 at the request of "Chuonradi…comitis nostri"[241].  "Otto…rex" granted property "prædium quale Eburhardus comes in loco Ubitisheim in pago Logenahe" to the church of Limburg St Georg at the request of "Chuonradi comitis" by charter dated 20 Apr 940[242].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Blesensi…et in pago Salnense et…infra civitatem Mettis…et in pago Bettense" to Kloster St Maximin Trier at the request of "germani nostri Heinrici…et Chuonradi comitis" by charter dated 3 Jun 940[243].  Wichfrid Archbishop of Köln donated property "in villa vel marka…Engilestat…in pago Wormacensi in comitatu Kuonradi" to the Ursulastift in Köln by charter dated 23 Nov 941[244]"Otto…rex" granted protection to Kloster Limburg founded by "comes…Cuonradus…in castello sue proprietatis Lintburc" by charter dated 2 Jun 942[245].  Graf im Nahegau 942: "Otto…rex" granted property "Niuunchirika…in pago Nahgouue in forastre Wasogo in comitatu…Cunradi" to Bishop Richgowe at the request of "Cunradi comitis" by charter dated 22 Oct 942[246].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in forasto…Lutara…in pago Nahgouue…in comitatu Cuonradi" to "fideli nostro Franco" at the request of "ducis…Cuonradi" by charter dated 17 Dec 945[247].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the immunities of Kloster Essen including over land "excepta in loco Ruoldinghus quam Eggihart et eius coniunx Rikilt" possessed by hereditary right and in land "in comitatu Ecberti et Cobbonis" by charter dated 15 Jan 947, signed by "Heinrici fratris regis, Herimanni ducis, Cuonradi comitis, Erenfridi comitis, Gebehardi comitis, Ekkihardi comitis, Hugonis comitis"[248].  Graf im Lobdengau 948: "Otto…rex" granted property "in villa Hemmingersbach…in pago Rinecgouue in comitatu Vdonis comitis…in pago Lobotengouue in comitatu Cunradi comitis" to "clerico Liuthere" by charter dated 28 Feb 948[249]Regino records the death in 948 of "Chuonradus comes filius Eberhardi"[250]

b)         GEBHARD (-after 15 Jan 947).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Ufgau 940: "Otto…rex" donated "Meriske [Mörsch] in pago Vfgowe in comitatu Gebehardi" to the church of Speier "Baboni eiusdem comitis Burchardi vassallo in pago Hegouue" by charter dated 12 Feb 940 at the request of "Chuonradi…comitis nostri"[251].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the immunities of Kloster Essen including over land "excepta in loco Ruoldinghus quam Eggihart et eius coniunx Rikilt" possessed by hereditary right and in land "in comitatu Ecberti et Cobbonis" by charter dated 15 Jan 947, signed by "Heinrici fratris regis, Herimanni ducis, Cuonradi comitis, Erenfridi comitis, Gebehardi comitis, Ekkihardi comitis, Hugonis comitis"[252]m [ADELA], daughter of ---.  Graf Gebhard's wife is not named explicitly in the sources so far consulted.  However, an "Adela" is named in a name-list in the Reichenau memorial book dated [926/32] which appears to include members of the Konradiner family, Jackman suggesting that she is well placed in the list to be Graf Gebhard's wife[253], although this is not the only possible interpretation.  Jackman suggests[254] that she was [Adela] de Vermandois, daughter of Héribert [I] Comte de Vermandois, although based solely only on onomastic grounds.  Graf Gebhard & his wife had one child: 

i)          KONRAD [Kuno] ([915/20]-26 Apr 982).  Regino records that in 950 "Chuonradis filius Gebehardis comitis quoniam cum quadem nepte regis se concubuisse sibi imposuit, a quodam Burchardo Saxone monomachia victus, fefellise patuit"[255].  His birth date range is estimated for consistency with the careers of the other known members of his family.  Thietmar records that "a certain Cono defamed the emperor's daughter Conrad's wife and claimed that she had secretly become his wife", but that he lost his right hand in the duel with "Count Burchard" which resulted[256].  It has been assumed that "Cono" should be identified with Konrad son of Gebhard.  Vogt von Schwarzach.  Graf im Lobdengau: "Otto…rex" granted property to Worms St Peter, among which "tertiam parte…in castello Lobodunburg…in pago Lobodungouue in comitatu Counradi", by charter dated 13 Jan 953[257].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "982 VI Kal Mai" of "Cuonrat com"[258]m ---.  The name of Konrad's wife is not known.  Graf Konrad & his wife had one child: 

(a)       KONRAD [Kuno] ([940/45][259]-).  The notice concerning the Hammerstein marriage dispute names (in its first part) "Gebehard et Udo nepotes, filii duorum fratrum.  Gebehard genuit Cunonem.  Udo genuit Ottonem.  Cuno genuit Cunonem.  Heribertus genuit Ottonem"[260]

c)         [EBERHARD (-[944]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Nahegau: "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nahgowe in comitatu Eburhardi comitis in villa…Winteresheim" to Kloster St Alban near Mainz at the request of "Hattoni…comitis" by charter dated 29 May 937[261].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nahgouue in foresto Wasago…in comitatu…Eburharti" to the church at Worms at the request of "comitis…Eburharti" by charter dated 30 May 937[262].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in occidentali Francia…quondam Eburharti comitis" to Kloster Hersfeld by charter dated 27 Mar 948[263]m ---.  The name of Eberhard's wife is not known.  Graf Eberhard & his wife had [four] children:

i)          [EBERHARD (-10 May 966).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Jackman discusses[264] the evidence for the affiliation of Eberhard Graf von Ladengau, his brothers and the descendants of the latter.  "Otto…rex" granted property "prædium quale Eburhardus comes in loco Ubitisheim in pago Logenahe" to the church of Limburg St Georg at the request of "Chuonradi comitis" by charter dated 20 Apr 940[265].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in villa…Nesine in pago Loginahe in comitatu Eburhardi" to Mainz St Alban by charter dated 4 Apr 958[266].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Hessi in comitatu comitis…Bern in loco Uuestnetri" held by "Bruninc comes filiusque eius Amalunc" to "fideli nostro Retolt" at the request of "comitis Ebarhardi" by charter dated 16 Nov 958[267].  "Eberharti comitis, Guntharii comitis, Burgharti comitis, Vtonis comitis, Cuonrates comitis, Ernustes" signed the charter dated 13 Feb 962 under which Emperor Otto I confirmed the appointment of Pope John XII[268].  The Continuator of Regino records the death in 966 of "comes Eberhardus" but does not give his parentage[269].  The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records the death in 966 of "Eberhardus comes"[270].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "966 VI Id Mai" of "Eburhart com"[271].  Graf im Nahegau und Lahngau: "Otto…imperator augustus" donated "monasterium puellarium Kescelenheim in pago et comitatu Meinefelt" and property "in pago Nahgeuue…Hagenenmunistar…in comitatu Emichonis comitis…et in pago Spirihgeuui in comitatu Gerungi comitis", all previously owned by "Cuonradus et Eberhardus…exheredes et inlegales sunt adiuciati…idem fratres", to churches in Magdeburg by two charters dated 24 Aug 966 and by charter dated 27 Aug 966[272].  It is possible that Konrad and Eberhard were members of the Konradiner family, and brothers (unless the term "fratres" is used in a broader sense), but there is no indication of the date of the original confiscation of the properties in question nor whether the two individuals were still alive at the time of the charters.  Conclusive identification of the two individuals is therefore not possible.] 

ii)         [KONRAD [Kuno] (-[986]).  Widukind names "Conradi…Evurhardi filii" as amicus of Duke Konrad in connection with a battle wound in 953[273], although it is not certain that the text refers to this Konrad.  "Eberharti comitis, Guntharii comitis, Burgharti comitis, Vtonis comitis, Cuonrates comitis, Ernustes" signed the charter dated 13 Feb 962 under which Emperor Otto I confirmed the appointment of Pope John XII[274].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "abbatiam Mosebach…in pago Wingarituueibon Cononis comitatu" to the church of Worms by charter dated 15 Nov 976[275].]  m ---.  The name of Konrad's wife is not known.  The name of her supposed son Megingoz suggests a close family relationship with the family of Megingoz, Grafen im Wormsgau (see below in this document), assuming that his affiliation is correctly postulated below.  Graf Konrad & his wife had [two children]: 

(a)       [EBERHARD (-[29 Aug 975/18 Apr 980]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed rights in property "in pago Moiinegouwe in comitatu Eberhardi comitis" to the church of St Petrus at Aschaffenburg by charter dated 29 Aug 975[276].  Graf von Maingau.] 

(b)       [MEGINGOZ [Meingaud] (-[1010]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  His name of course suggests a close family relationship with the family of Megingoz, Grafen im Wormsgau.  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed rights in property "Ozenheim, Dettinga villis…in pago Moiinegouwes in comitatu Megengozi comitis" to the church of St Petrus at Aschaffenburg by charter dated 18 Apr 980[277].  "Otto…rex" confirmed rights to Salamann Abbot of Lorsch in "villa Wezinloch in comitatu Megingaudi filii Cunonis comitis" by charter dated 14 Jan 987[278].] 

iii)        [UDO .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  This affiliation is assumed to be correct by Jackman, although no source is cited in support[279].  Graf von Maienfeld.  He was outlawed in 966.] 

iv)       [BURKHARD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   This affiliation is assumed to be correct by Jackman, although no source is cited in support[280].] 

3.         GEBHARD (-killed in battle near Augsburg [22] Jun 910)Regino records the war in 902 between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres", specifying that "postmodum iussu Gebehardi decollatus est"[281]Regino names "Chuonradus senior [et] frater eius Gebehardus", specifying that Gebhard "in Weidereiba poterat"[282]Duke of Lotharingia.  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "…Kebehart dux regni quod a multis Hlotharii dicitur…"[283].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed property of Stift Kaiserswerth naming "Cuonrat…propinquus noster et abba cœnobii sancti Suithberti" at the request of "comitum…Cuonrati…et Gebeharti" by charter dated 3 Aug 904[284].  Graf im Wormsgau: "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed property of the church of Worms including "res in pago Wormazfelde in comitatu Kuonrati" which "comes Gebehartus" held, by charter dated 2 Sep 906[285].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed an exchange of properties between Kloster Fulda and Kloster Echternach after consulting "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Kebeharti, Liutpoldi, Burcharti, Eginonis, Liutfredi, Iringi et Cunpoldi" by charter dated 19 Mar 907[286].  Graf in der Wetterau 909: "Hludowicus…rex" granted property "locum Salchinmunstere…in comitatu Gebehardi et in pago Wetereibia" by charter dated 13 Dec 909[287]Regino records the death of "Gebeardus comes" fighting the Hungarians[288]m ---.  The identity of Gebhard's wife is not known with certainty.  Jackman highlights the Liber Memorialis of Remiremont which lists (in order) "Gebardi duci, Hidda, Riquinus, Christianus, Raginfridus".  He associates the first two with Duke Gebhard [Konradiner] & his wife, whom he therefore speculates was named HIDDA [Ida], and the last three with the family of Gebhard's wife[289].  Jackman speculates[290] that the wife of Duke Gebhard may have been a sister of Hermann Archbishop of Köln, and descended from Christian [I] Graf von Grabfeld, possibly the daughter of Christian [II] Graf im Grabfeld.  This series of suppositions provides support for his theory that Gebhard's grandson Otto was the same person as Otto Graf von Grabfeld.  Duke Gebhard & his wife had two children: 

a)         UDO ([895/900]-949)Regino names "duobus filiis suis [=Gebeardus comes] …pueris Udone et Herimanno" when recording their father's death fighting the Hungarians in 910[291].  His birth date range is estimated from Regino thus describing him as "puer" on the death of his father, but bearing in mind the likely birth date range of his own son Gebhard.  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to the bishopric of Utrecht by charter dated 9 Jul 914 at the request of "Udonem consanguineum nostrum Vualdergerumque comitem"[292].  Liudprand names "Huto sane" as brother of "Herimanni Suevorum ducis"[293].  Graf in der Wetterau 914:  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in comitatu Otonis in pago Wetereiba" to Weilburg church by charter dated 24 Apr 914[294].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed property to the bishopric of Utrecht at the request of "Udonem consanguineum nostrum Vualdgerumque comitum" by charter dated 9 Jul 914[295].  Graf im Rheingau 917: "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in pago Rinicgouue in comitatu Utonis" to "capellano Werinolf" by charter dated 3 Nov 917[296].  Graf im Lahngau 918.  He founded St Maria at Wetzlar 914-915.  "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[297].  Graf im Rheingau 948: "Otto…rex" granted property "in villa Hemmingersbach…in pago Rinecgouue in comitatu Vdonis comitis…in pago Lobotengouue in comitatu Cunradi comitis" to "clerico Liuthere" by charter dated 28 Feb 948[298].  Thietmar records that "Udo" killed Eberhard[299], which is assumed to refer to Udo son of Gebhard, Eberhard being his first cousin.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 949 of "Uto comes"[300]Regino records the death in 950 of "Uto comes"[301]m ([915]) [CUNIGUNDIS] de Vermandois, daughter of HERIBERT [I] Comte de Vermandois & his wife [Lietgardis] --- ([890/900][302]-after 943).  The Vermandois origin of Graf Udo's wife is suggested by the fact that Flodoard refers to the wife of "Uddone [frater Hermanno]" as amita of "Hugo [de Vermandois Archbishop of Reims]"[303]The name of Graf Udo's wife is not given explicitly in the sources.  However, a "Cunegundis" is named in a name-list in the Reichenau memorial book dated [926/32] which appears to include members of the Konradiner family, Jackman suggesting that she is well placed in the list to be Graf Gebhard's wife[304], although this is not the only possible interpretation.  Udo & his wife had three children: 

i)          GEBHARD ([918/20]-killed in battle 938).  Widukind names "Gevehardus, Udonis filius, fratris Herimanni ducis" when recording his death while suppressing the rebellion of Thankmar[305].  His birth date range is estimated from the likely birth date range of his father and assuming that Gebhard was an adolescent or young adult when he died.

ii)         OTTO ([920/25]-).  The notice concerning the Hammerstein marriage dispute names (in its first part) "Gebehard et Udo nepotes, filii duorum fratrum.  Gebehard genuit Cunonem.  Udo genuit Ottonem.  Cuno genuit Cunonem.  Heribertus genuit Ottonem"[306].  It is not impossible that Otto was the same person as Udo's son Udo, although this text suggests that the two names were from different roots. 

iii)        UDO (-26 Aug 965)Regino records the election as Bishop of Strasbourg in 950 of "Udo filius Udonis comitis"[307].  He was elected Bishop of Strasbourg 13 Aug 950. 

b)         HERMANN (-10 Dec 949, bur Reichenau Island)Regino names "duobus filiis suis [=Gebeardus comes] …pueris Udone et Herimanno" when recording their father's death fighting the Hungarians in 910[308].  Graf 914-915.  He was installed in 926 as HERMANN I Duke of Swabia by Heinrich I King of Germany after the murder of Duke Burkhard II[309]

-        DUKES of SWABIA

4.         RUDOLF (-killed in battle in Thuringia 3 Aug 908).  Regino names "Ruodolfus…frater Chuonradi et Gebehardi comitem" when recording his appointment as Bishop of Würzburg in 892[310]Regino records "magna discordianum" between "Rodulfum episcopum Wirziburgensem" and "filios Heinrici ducis, Adalbertum, Adalhardum et Heinricum" in 897[311]Regino records the war in 902 between "Adalbertus cum fratribus Adalhardo et Heinrico" against "Eberhardum et Gebehardum et Rodulfum fratres"[312]Regino records that in 903 "Adalbertus Rodulfum episcopum Wiziburgensis ecclesia fugat"[313].  Bishop of Würzburg 892/908.  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Burchardus dux Toringorum et Ruodolfus episcopu Eginoque" were killed in battle by the Hungarians in 908[314]

 

 

Four children, brothers and sister:

Considerable controversy surrounds the paternity of these children.  Graf Konrad son of Gebhard (died 982) and Graf Udo son of Gebhard (died 949) have both been proposed as their father, Jackman being the principal proponent of the former theory while Hlavitschka has written extensively in support of the latter.  It is unnecessary to repeat the detailed arguments in support of each case, as they are fully set out elsewhere, and particularly because each has appeal and neither is obviously preferable.  From a purely chronological point of view, the estimated birth date range of the daughter Judith does suggest more difficulty in sustaining the argument in favour of Graf Konrad being their father.  The introduction of the name Heribert into the family suggests a strong family connection between these four siblings and the Vermandois family.  As shown above, it is suspected that the wives of Gebhard (died 949) and Udo son of Gebhard (also died 949) were daughters of Héribert I Comte de Vermandois.  However, in neither case is it obvious that the four siblings shown below were descended from these sisters.  In the case of Gebhard, it appears difficult to identify his known son Konrad with Konrad who succeeded as duke of Swabia in 983, and (as noted above) it is chronologically hard to sustain that the siblings were the children of Gebhard's known son Konrad.  In the case of Udo son of Gebhard, his known son Udo was recorded as bishop of Strasbourg so could not be the same person as Udo, one of the four siblings shown below, who was killed in 982.  All these reservations suggest that there may be a completely different explanation for the parentage of these four siblings from the two theories of Jackman and Hlavitschka. 

1.         JUDITH ([925/30]-16 Oct [973], bur Heslinge)"Iuditham sororem Udonis ducis qui postmodum in Calabria sub Ottone Rufo cum multis occubuit" is named by the Annalista Saxo, which specifies that Judith had three sons "Heinricum, Udonem et Sigefridum" and three daughters (unnamed), constructed the castle "qui Herseveld dicitur" and was buried with her husband (unnamed) at Heslinge[315]Her birth date range is estimated from her giving birth to her eldest son in [946].  m ([946]) as his first wife, HEINRICH von Stade Graf im Heilangau, son of LOTHAR II Graf von Stade & his wife Swanehild --- (-11 May 976, bur Kloster Heeringen).

2.         UDO (-killed in battle Cotrone, in Calabria 14 Jul 982).  "Iuditham sororem Udonis ducis qui postmodum in Calabria sub Ottone Rufo cum multis occubuit" is named by the Annalista Saxo[316]"Eberharti comitis, Guntharii comitis, Burgharti comitis, Vtonis comitis, Cuonrates comitis, Ernustes" signed the charter dated 13 Feb 962 under which Emperor Otto I confirmed the appointment of Pope John XII[317].  He was killed fighting in Emperor Otto II's army against the Saracens[318].  Thietmar records the death of "Udo comes…matris meæ avunculus" in battle in Calabria 13 Jul[319], Thietmar's mother being the daughter of Udo's sister Judith.  The Annales Einsidlenses record that "Uto et Guntharius duces…Berehtaldus comes" were killed fighting the Sarracens in Sicily in 982[320]The necrology of Fulda records the death in 982 of "Uto dux"[321]

3.         KONRAD von Öhningen (-20 Aug 997).  Thietmar names "Conradus Suevorum ductor…eiusdem frater Heribertus comes" when recording their deaths[322].  As explained under Heribert (see below), the same source indicates in other passages that Heribert was probably the brother of Judith.  He succeeded in 983 as KONRAD Duke of Swabia.  Graf im Rheingau 985 and 995.  Graf im Ufgau 987.  Graf in der Ortenau 994. 

-        DUKES of SWABIA

4.         HERIBERT (-992).  Thietmar names "Conradus Suevorum ductor…eiusdem frater Heribertus comes" when recording their deaths[323].  The fact that the two brothers must have also been brothers of Udo and Judith is demonstrated by Thietmar referring to "nepos meus Oddo et uxor eius Irmirgerd…" in 1018[324], and recording the death of "Gevehardus, Heriberti comitis filius, nepos meus" in 1016[325], both Otto and Gebhard being recorded elsewhere as the sons of Heribert.  Pfalzgraf in 959.  Heinrich Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the church at Humbach at the request of "ducis Herimanni…Cuonradi comitis" by charter dated 959, witnessed by "…Hernbertes comes palatinus…"[326]Graf im Kinziggau 976.  "Otto…rex" donated property "in pago et in comitatu Nachgouue…Vuormacensis et …Spirensi" held "until now [hactenus]" by "Heribertus comes" to Kloster St Maximin at Trier by charter dated 29 May 992[327].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 992 of "Heribraht com"[328]m IMIZA [Irmintrudis], daughter of MEGINGOZ Graf & his wife Gerberge [Matfriede] ([950/60]-).  The Vita Adelheidis names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adeleid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Irminthrudis was grandmother of "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis"[329].  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth date of her mother.  Heribert & his wife had four children: 

a)         OTTO von Hammerstein (-[5 Jun] 1036).  Thietmar names "Heriberti comitis filio Ottone" when recording that he was among those sent by Heinrich II King of Germany to Lombardy after his election to quell unrest[330].  The notice concerning the Hammerstein marriage dispute names (in its first part) "Gebehard et Udo nepotes, filii duorum fratrum.  Gebehard genuit Cunonem.  Udo genuit Ottonem.  Cuno genuit Cunonem.  Heribertus genuit Ottonem"[331].  Graf in der Wetterau 1016.  Graf im Engersgau 1019.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 1036 of "Otto com"[332]m IRMGARD, daughter of GODEFROI Comte de Verdun & his wife Mathilde of Saxony [Billung] ([970/85]-[5 Feb 1041/5 Jan 1043]).  Thietmar records the excommunication of "nepos meus Oddo et uxor eius Irmirgerd, consanguinitate proxima iniuste diu coniuncti" in 1018, providing no details of the relationship between the two, and in a later passage their separation[333].  It is unlikely that Irmgard could have been born later than [985] in light of the known birth date of her mother in [942].  The validity of her marriage was challenged by the church on grounds of consanguinity, the dispute continuing for ten years before the marriage was finally accepted[334].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in villis Harive, Vals, Apine, Falchenberch…in pago Livgowe et in comitatu Dietbaldi comitis" to "Irmingardæ nepti nostræ" by charter dated 5 Feb 1041, on the petition of "ducum Gozelonis filiique sui Gotefridi"[335].  "Heinricus…rex" restituted property to Kloster Hersfeld "post obitum Hirmingarde comitissæ" which Emperor Konrad II had granted to Graf Otto, by charter dated 5 Jan 1043[336].  Otto & his wife had one child: 

i)          UDO (-1034).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 1034 of "Hutho com"[337]

b)         GEBHARD (-8 Nov 1016).  Thietmar records the death of "Gevehardus, Heriberti comitis filius, nepos meus" in 1016[338]

c)         daughter ([970/85]-)The parentage of the wife of Graf Friedrich is suggested by the Vita Adelheidis which names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adelheid, and daughters of "Megengoz" and his wife, specifying that Irminthrudis was grandmother of [three of the sons of Graf Friedrich, shown below] "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis"[339].  The possibility of this person´s earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage is suggested by the Genealogia Welforum which names [this person´s daughter] "Salice---de Glizperch Imizam nomine, Heinrici Noricorum ducis sororem et Friderici ducis Lotharingorum et Alberonis Metensis episcopi" as wife of Welf [II] Graf von Altdorf (see below)[340].  The reference to “Glizperch” represents the earliest indication of a relationship between the Luxembourg family and the Grafen von Gleiberg (see the document FRANCONIA NOBILITY).  One possibility is that the wife of Graf Friedrich was heiress of Gleiberg.  However, Irmtrud/Imiza is the only one of the siblings shown below in relation to whom a reference to Gleiberg has been found.  This raises the interesting possibility that Irmtrud/Imiza, while sharing the same mother as the three brothers named in the Genealogia Welforum, may have been born from a different father who presumably held Gleiberg.  It should be emphasised that this suggestion is highly speculative.  Another indication of a Gleiberg/Luxembourg family connection is provided by Bernold´s Chronicon which records in 1059 that “Fridericus et fratres eius de Glichberga” rebelled against “Heinrico regi[341].  It is not known which of Friedrich´s brothers may have been “von Gleiberg”.  Another possible indication of the family origin of the wife of Graf Friedrich is provided by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which records that "comes Letardus de Longui pater Manegaudi et Gislebertus comes de Luscelenburch" were "nepotes" of Emperor Konrad II[342].  The precise family relationships between these three persons have not been traced, but it is possible that Giselbert was related to the emperor through his mother´s family, which had many Franconian connections.  [m firstly --- von Gleiberg, son of ---.]  m [secondly] FRIEDRICH Graf im Moselgau, son of SIEGFRIED Comte [de Luxembourg] & his wife Hedwig --- (-6 Oct 1019). 

d)         GERBERGA ([975/80]-after 1036).  Thietmar names "Ottone germano sui", referring to Gerberga wife of Heinrich von Schweinfurt, whose captivity is recorded in the preceding paragraph, an earlier paragraph referring to "Heriberti comitis filio Ottone" which appears to refer to the same Otto[343].  An alternative possibility is that Gerberga was the daughter of Otto Graf von Grabfeld (see below), the solution chosen by Europäische Stammtafeln[344], but this assumes that the two references to "Otto" in Thietmar were to different individuals.  It is also less likely chronologically as it would appear that Otto Graf von Grabfeld was several decades older than Otto Graf von Hammerstein.  Her birth date range is estimated on the basis of her daughter Eilika having given birth to her first child in [1020].  Thietmar states that Gerberga and her children were guarded by her husband's brother Bukko during their rebellion against Heinrich II King of Germany in 1003[345]m (before 1003) HEINRICH von Schweinfurt Graf im Nordgau, son of Graf BERNHARD & his wife Eilika von Walbeck ([970/75][346]-18 Sep 1017, bur Schweinfurt).

 

 

The relationship, if any, between the following small family sub-group and the Konradiner family has not been established, although the names Kuno and Uda suggest that there may be a connection. 

1.         KUNO “von Beckelneim” .  Dux.  "Dux Cuno de Beckilnheim" and his wife "Jutta" donated property to Disibodenberg in memory of their daughter Uda[347].  This person has not otherwise been identified.  He may have been the same person as one of the other duces named Konrad/Kuno above.  m JUTTA, daughter of ---.  "Dux Cuno de Beckilnheim" and his wife "Jutta" donated property to Disibodenberg in memory of their daughter Uda[348].  Kuno & his wife had one child: 

a)         UDA .  "Dux Cuno de Beckilnheim" and his wife "Jutta" donated property to Disibodenberg in memory of their daughter Uda[349]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    GRAFEN im NAHEGAU

 

 

 

A.      SALIAN DYNASTY

 

 

WERNER, son of --- (-[920]).  Graf im Speyergau 906:  "Hludouuicus…rex" gave property "in pago Spirahgovuue in comitatu Uuerenherii in loco Titinesheim…quicquid Mahtfrid in villa…tenuit" to the bishopric of Worms by charter dated 4 Nov 906[350]

m ---.  The name of Werner's wife is not known. 

Graf Werner & his wife had one child: 

1.         KONRAD "der Rote/Rufus" (-killed in battle Lechfeld 10 Aug 955, bur Worms Cathedral[351])Regino records the succession in 943 of "Chuonradus filius Werinheri" as duke after the death of "Otto dux"[352].  It is assumed that "Werinheri" was the same person as Werner who is named in the 906 charter cited above, but this is not beyond doubt.  He was installed as KONRAD Duke of Lotharingia in [945].  Widukind records that "Conrado" was installed as Duke of Lotharingia after the deaths of "Oddone, Lothariorum præside, ac regis nepote Heinrico"[353].  "Otto…rex" donated property to Kloster St Petrus Gorze at the request of "Cuonradi Lodariensis ducis" by charter dated 13 Jul 945[354]Graf im Nahegau: "Otto…rex" donated property "in forasto…Lutara…in pago Nahgouue…in comitatu Cuonradi" to "fideli nostro Franco" at the request of "ducis…Cuonradi" by charter dated 17 Dec 945[355].  "Chuonradus dux Wernharii comitis filius" donated property to the church of Speyer by charter dated 13 Mar 946[356].  Graf im Niddagau: "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nitehgouue in comitatu Cuonradi ducis" to "nostro villico Vuetti" at the request of "Cuonardi nostri…comitis" by charter dated 14 Feb 947[357].  "Otto…rex" granted property to the church of Cambrai at the request of "germani nostri Brunonis et Cuonradi ducis atque Herimanni ducis" by charter dated 30 Apr 948[358].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the possession of Abtei Süsteren by Kloster Prüm by charter dated 1 Jun 949, signed by "Cuonradus dux, Herimannus dux, Hezzo comes, Godefridus comes, Rudolfus comes, Reginherus comes"[359].  "Otto…rex" granted property confiscated from "Hatto Aladramque fratres…in villis Bechi et Auici situm in pago Ganipi in comitatu Arnulfi" to the church of St Florin, Koblenz at the request of "ducis nostri Cuonradi eius coniugis filiæ nostræ Liutgartæ" by charter dated 22 Nov 949[360].  He rebelled against his father-in-law, together with his brother-in-law Liudolf Duke of Swabia, but was ultimately forgiven, although deposed in 953 as Duke of Lotharingia.  He was killed fighting the Magyars near Augsburg[361].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "955 Id Aug" of "Cuonrat dux"[362].  The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "10 Aug" of "Conradus dux"[363].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "IV Id Aug" of "Perchtoldi comitis et Chuonradi ducis et Uodalrici ac Thietpoldi comitum aliorumque multorem ab Ungaris occisorum"[364].  "Chuonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034[365]m ([947]) LIUTGARD of Saxony, daughter of OTTO I "dem Großen" King of Germany & his first wife Eadgyth of Wessex ([931]-18 Nov 953, bur St Alban near Mainz).  Regino records that in 947 "Chuonradus dux…Liutgardam filiam regis in matrimonium sumpsit"[366].  "Liudolfo et Liutgarde" are named as the two children of King Otto I and his wife Eadgyth[367].  Widukind records that "Conrado" Duke of Lotharingia married "unicam filiam [regis]"[368].  Duke Konrad & his wife had one child: 

a)         OTTO (-4 Nov 1004, bur [Bruchsal]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ottonem" as son of "duci Wormatie Conrado", specifying that he was father of "Cono dux et Henricus pater imperatoris Conradi"[369]Graf im Nahegau

-        see below

 

 

OTTO, son of KONRAD Duke [of Lotharingia] & his wife Liutgard of Saxony (-4 Nov 1004, bur [Bruchsal]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ottonem" as son of "duci Wormatie Conrado", specifying that he was father of "Cono dux et Henricus pater imperatoris Conradi"[370]Graf im Nahegau 956: "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nahgouue in forasto…Vuasago…in comitatu Ottonis filii Cuonradi ducis" to Worms St Peter by charter dated 8 Mar 956[371].  He was installed as OTTO Duke of Carinthia by Otto II King of Germany in 978 after the trial of Heinrich Duke of Carinthia who had been implicated in the rebellion of Heinrich II "der Zänker" Duke of Bavaria[372].  Duke Otto was deprived of Carinthia in 985 when it was returned to Duke Heinrich I [Liutpoldinger], but allowed to retain the ducal title and granted lands around Worms and Frankfurt[373].  He was restored as Duke of Carinthia from 995 to 1002.  Presumably he is the "Duke Otto" who is listed first among those presiding over a court hearing in the presence of Emperor Otto III at Pavia 14 Oct 1001[374].  According to Thietmar, he was proposed as candidate for the imperial throne in 1002 but declined the offer[375].  Thietmar names "Duke Otto of Carinthia and Verona" among those sent by Heinrich II King of Germany to Lombardy after his election to quell unrest[376].  Wipo names "Ottone duce Francorum" when recording the names of his sons[377].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1003 II Non Nov" of "Otto dux"[378]

m JUDITH, daughter of --- (-991, bur Worms Cathedral).  "Chuonradus… Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034[379].  According to Wegener[380], Judith was the daughter of Heinrich, son of Arnulf Duke of Bavaria [Liutpoldinger], but he cites no primary source to support the suggestion. 

Duke Otto & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         HEINRICH (-28 Sep [989/1000], bur Worms cathedral).  Wipo names "Hezil et Chuono…Brunone et Willihelmo" as sons of "Ottone duce Francorum"[381]m as her first husband, ADELHEID, daughter of [RICHARD Graf von Metz or GERHARD Graf von Metz] [Matfride] & his wife --- (-19 May [1039/46], bur Öhningen Stiftskirche).  Wipo names "Adalheida ex nobilissima gente Litharingorum oriunda…soror…comitem Gerhardi et Adalberti" as mother of "maioris Chuononis"[382].  She married secondly ---, as suggested by the Vita Meinwerci which names "Gebehardus iuvenis, frater imperatoris" when recording his tonsure at the synod in 1028[383], Gerhard not being named elsewhere as full brother of Emperor Konrad I.  "Heinricus…rex" donated property "Lohwilare in pago Bietgowe in comitatu Bezelini comitis…ex avia nostra domina Adelheit iure hereditario suscepimus" to the cathedral of Speyer by charter dated 7 Sep 1046[384].  Graf Heinrich & his wife had two children: 

a)         KONRAD ([990]-Utrecht 4 Jun 1039, bur Speyer cathedral)Herimannus names "Counradus senior, filius Heinrici et Adalheidæ" when recording his candidacy to succeed as king of Germany in 1024[385].  He was elected KONRAD II King of Germany at Chamba, Rheingau 4 Sep 1024, crowned at Mainz 8 Sep 1024.  Crowned King of Italy at Milan Mar 1026.  Crowned Emperor KONRAD I at Rome 26 Mar 1027. 

-        KINGS of GERMANY

b)         JUDITH (-[998], before 30 Jan 1034, bur Worms Cathedral).  "Chuonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034[386].  As all the relatives mentioned were members of Emperor Konrad's direct agnatic family, it is unlikely that Judith was her mother's daughter by her second marriage. 

2.         BRUNO (-Rome 18 Feb or 12 Mar 999, bur Rome, St Peter's).  Herimannus names "Counradus dux Carentani, filius Ottonis ducis fraterque Brunonis dudum papæ" when recording his death in 1012[387].  Wipo names "Hezil et Chuono…Brunone et Willihelmo" as sons of "Ottone duce Francorum", specifying that Bruno was elected Pope as Gregory[388].  Elected Pope GREGORY V 3 May 996.  Thietmar records the death in Rome of Pope Gregory on 4 Feb[389]

3.         KONRAD (-12 or 15 Dec 1011, bur Worms Cathedral)Herimannus names "Counradus dux Carentani, filius Ottonis ducis fraterque Brunonis dudum papæ" when recording his death in 1012[390].  Wipo names "Hezil et Chuono…Brunone et Willihelmo" as sons of "Ottone duce Francorum"[391].  Candidate for the Imperial throne 1002.  He was installed as KONRAD I Duke of Carinthia in 1004.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1011 II Id Dec" of "Cuonradus dux"[392]m ([1002]) as her first husband, MATHILDE of Swabia, daughter of HERMANN II Duke of Swabia & his wife Gerberga of Upper Burgundy ([988]-29 Jul [1031/32], bur Worms cathedral).  Wipo names "Mahthilda de filia Chuonradi regis Burgundiæ" as mother of "iunioris Chuononis"[393].  Thietmar refers to "Konrad" as son-in-law of Hermann Duke of Swabia, recording that they attacked Strasbourg together after the election of Heinrich II King of Germany[394].  "Chuonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property to the church of Worms naming "filii nostri Heinrici Regis, filie quoque nostre Beatricis" for the souls of "parentum nostrorum defunctorum atavi nostri ducis Chuonradi, avie nostre Iudithe, patris nostri Heinrici, patrui nostri ducis Chuonradi eiusque coniugis Mathildis, sororis etiam nostre Iudithe", all buried at Worms Cathedral, by charter dated 30 Jan 1034[395].  She married secondly Frédéric II Duke of Upper Lotharingia [Wigeriche].  The primary source which records her second marriage has not so far been identified.  However, the Chronicon Sancti Michælis, monasterii in pago Virdunensi names "duabus puellulis Sophia et Beatrice" as daughters of the son of "duce Theodorico", specifying that the empress was their amita and that she adopted them after their father died[396].  The Alberti Milioli Notarii Regini Liber de Temporibus names "comitissam Beatricam…de Gallia…filia comitis Frederic, mater…domina Matilda", but does not give the origin of Mathilde[397].  She married thirdly Esiko Graf im Schwabengau [Askanier-Ballenstedt].  The Annalista Saxo names "Machtildis" sister of Gisela, wife of Emperor Konrad II, and her third husband[398].  She attended the Easter celebrations at Ingelheim in 1030[399].  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records the death in Jul of "Mechthild soror imperatricis Gislæ"[400].  Duke Konrad & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         KONRAD "der Jüngere" ([1003]-20 Jul 1039, bur Worms cathedral).  Herimannus names "filio eius [=Counradus dux Carentani] puero Counrado" when recording that he was deprived of the duchy of Carinthia on his father's death in 1012[401].  He was an unsuccessful candidate for the imperial throne in 1024, but he agreed to accept the outcome of the election meeting at Chamba 4 Sep 1024 and immediately supported his cousin's election[402]Herimannus names "patruelis eius [=Counradus senior, filius Heinrici et Adalheidæ] Counradis filius Counradi ducis ex Mathilde" when recording his candidacy to succeed as king of Germany in 1024[403].  The Annales Colonienses specify that "Kuono" was sent into exile in 1027[404].  He was installed as KONRAD II Duke of Carinthia in 1036.  The Annalista Saxo records the death "XIII Kal Aug inmatura" of "Conradus Carentinorum dux, patruelis Conradi imperatoris"[405].  [m ---.  The name of Konrad's wife is not known.  Graf Konrad & his wife had [one possible child]:]

i)          [CUNO (-after 1056).  He is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the possible son of Graf Konrad[406].  The primary source which suggests this parentage has not yet been identified.  He sold Bruchsal to Heinrich IV King of Germany in 1056.]

b)         BRUNO ([1004]-Persenbeug 27 May 1045, bur Würzburg cathedral).  Herimannus names "Brun, patruelis imperatoris, filius ex Mahthilde Counradi ducis" when recording his installation as Bishop of Würzburg in 1034[407].  Bishop of Würzburg 1034.  The Chronicon of Bernold records the installation of "Brun filius Mathildis" as Bishop of Würzburg in 1034[408].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1045 VII Kal Jun" of "Brun Wurziburgensis episcopus"[409]

c)         [--- .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[410], the wife of Hezzelin was the possible daughter of Konrad Duke of Carinthia.  The primary source which suggests this parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m HEZZELIN Graf im Zülpichgau, son of HERMANN Pfalzgraf von Lothringen & his wife Heilwig --- (-20 Nov 1033, bur Brauweiler).] 

4.         WILHELM (-7 Nov 1047).  Wipo names "Hezil et Chuono…Brunone et Willihelmo" as sons of "Ottone duce Francorum", specifying that Wilhelm was made "Argentinensis ecclesiæ episcopus"[411].  Chaplain of Empress Gisela.  He was elected Bishop of Strasbourg in 1029[412]Jackman speculates that Wilhelm may have been illegitimate[413]

 

 

 

B.      FAMILY of GRAF EMICH

 

 

1.         EMICH [I] (-after 992)"Otto…rex" granted property "quicquid Hunald hereditatis…in pago Hessium in villas Uktodaha et Sutzaha in comitatu Meginfredi comitis…et in pago Nahgouue…Spiascesheim, Treise in comitatu Emichonis comitis…in pago Cuninghessundra in villa Uualdhoffa in comitatu Hathoddi comitis" to "fideli nostro Thiatgaz" by charter dated 25 Feb 960[414].  "Otto…rex" granted property "predium quale Lantberto atque Megingozzo per Emichonem comitem" to the church of Mainz by charter dated 29 May 961[415].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahgeuue in comitatu Emichonis comitis in loco…Gogunhein…[et] in pago Spirihgeuui in comitatu Gerungi comitis" to Magdeburg St Moritz by charter dated 27 Aug 966[416].  "Otto…imperator augustus" gave property "Herebertus dum vixit habere in villis Sowilnheim et in Olmeno in paho Nahgowe in comitatu Emechonis comitis" to "fideli nostro Megingozo" Kloster Gandersheim by charter dated 27 Aug 973[417].  "Otto…rex" donated property "inter Keberesheim et Wisclenbahe…in pago Nahgowe in comitiatu Emichonis comitis" to Kloster St Alban, Mainz by charter dated 992[418]

 

2.         EMICH [II] (-after 6 Dec 1017).  "Otto tercius…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "Tiele in comitatu Unrochi comitis et in pago Testerbant…et Nerestein in comitatu Amichonis in pago Nahgowi" to the monks of the Marienkapelle at Aachen by charter dated 6 Feb 1000[419].  Heinrich II King of Germany donated property "cortem Heroldeshusen…in pago Westerun in comitatu Hemezonis comitis" to Kloster Kaufungen by charter dated 6 Dec 1017[420]

 

3.         EMICH [III] (-before 5 May 1072).  The family relationship, if any, between Graf Emich [II] and Graf Emich [I] has not been traced, although the common use of this first name and the fact that both were Grafen im Nahegau suggest that there was a close connection.  Graf im Nahegau[421]m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of ---.  Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz confirmed that "comes Bertholdus cum...coniuge sua Hedewiga consanguinea nostra" had destroyed “capellam suam in loco...Rebengeresburc” [Ravengiersberg], with the consent of “Cunigunde comitisse comitis Immechonis vidua suisque coheredibus Arnolfo et Bertramo”, by charter dated 5 May 1072, witnessed by “Geizzolfus comes, Emmicho comes et frater suus Beretram...[422]Graf Emich [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         EMICH [IV] (-killed in battle Mainz 1117).  Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz confirmed that "comes Bertholdus cum...coniuge sua Hedewiga consanguinea nostra" had destroyed “capellam suam in loco...Rebengeresburc” [Ravengiersberg], with the consent of “Cunigunde comitisse comitis Immechonis vidua suisque coheredibus Arnolfo et Bertramo”, by charter dated 5 May 1072, witnessed by “Geizzolfus comes, Emmicho comes et frater suus Beretram...[423]Heinrich IV King of Germany donated property "in villa Ingelenheim in pago Nachgowe in comitatu Emichonis" to Kloster St Ulrich and Afra, Augsburg by charter dated 12 Jun 1074[424].  "Emicho comes et frater eius Bertolf, Ludewicus comes, Gozwinus comes, Wernherus comes, Bertolfus comes, Dudo…" witnessed the charter dated 1091 under which Ruthard Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Kloster Bleidenstatt by "vir…militaris Hunfridus" when he entered the monastery[425].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahcowe in comitatu comitis Emichonis" to the church of Speyer by charter dated 21 Sep 1091[426].  Albert of Aix names "comes Emicho" as one of the leaders of the German contingent in the First Crusade[427].  "Werinherus…comes et advocatus cenobii sancte crucis in Cofunga" donated "in Oggozeshusum mansum 1, in Crumbelbach mansos 2, Vennee 3 mansos…Ritte mansos 3…" to the abbess of Kaufungen by charter dated 1102, witnessed by "Bertholfus comes, Sigefrid palatinus comes, Emicho comes, Emicho comes, Gerlach comes, Udo comes"[428].  Graf von Schmidburg: Ruthard Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster Disibodenberg by charter dated 11 May 1108 witnessed by "…Comes Emmicho de Smideburch et filius eius Emmicho, Bertolfus Comes de Nuringen…"[429]The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records that "comes Emicho" was killed at the siege of Mainz in 1117[430].  The Annalista Saxo records "comes Emico" among the supporters of Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz killed by Friedrich Duke of Swabia in 1117[431]m [HIZECHA, daughter of --- (-before 1138).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.]  Graf Emich [IV] & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          EMICH (-after 1135).  Ruthard Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster Disibodenberg by charter dated 11 May 1108 witnessed by "…Comes Emmicho de Smideburch et filius eius Emmicho, Bertolfus Comes de Nuringen…"[432]Graf im Nahegau und Wormsgau.  Emperor Heinrich V confirmed possessions of the church of Mainz, including property "in pago Nachgowe in comitatu Emichonis", by charter dated 1112 witnessed by "…Emicho comes et Gerlacus frater eius…"[433]"Comes Arnoldus, comes Emicho, comes Berhtolfus, Embricho camerarius et filii eius Salman et Embricho…" witnessed the charter dated 1112 under which Ceizolf Provost of St Johann at Mainz donated property[434].  He founded Kloster Höningen[435].  "Emicho comes et frater suus Gerlach, Meinhardus comes de Spanheim, Arnoldus de Lurinbergk, Sifridus comes de Nuringen, Albero de Hachinfels, Eberhardus de Hostetten…Embricho comes de Rinegowe…" witnessed the charter dated 1123 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Kloster Altmünster by "Meingotus filius Embrichonis quondam camerarii nostri", leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "fratris sui Dudonis"[436].  Graf von Schmidburg: "Emicho comes de Smideburch et frater eius Gerlaus…" signed the charter dated 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Mainz cathedral[437].  Graf von Kirburg: "Comites…Emicho de Kirberch et frater eius Gerlach…" witnessed the charter dated 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Disibodenberg[438]Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz issued a charter dated 1133 relating to “Zozenheim in pago Nachowe in comitatu Emmechonis comitis de Smedeburch[439]"…Emmecho Comes et frater eius Gerlaus…" witnessed the charter dated 1135 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed privileges of Mainz[440]

ii)         GERLACH (-after 1135).  Emperor Heinrich V confirmed possessions of the church of Mainz, including property "in pago Nachgowe in comitatu Emichonis", by charter dated 1112 witnessed by "…Emicho comes et Gerlacus frater eius…"[441]"Emicho comes et frater suus Gerlach, Meinhardus comes de Spanheim, Arnoldus de Lurinbergk, Sifridus comes de Nuringen, Albero de Hachinfels, Eberhardus de Hostetten…Embricho comes de Rinegowe…" witnessed the charter dated 1123 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Kloster Altmünster by "Meingotus filius Embrichonis quondam camerarii nostri", leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "fratris sui Dudonis"[442].  "Emicho comes de Smideburch et frater eius Gerlaus…" signed the charter dated 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Mainz cathedral[443].  "Comites…Emicho de Kirberch et frater eius Gerlach…" witnessed the charter dated 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Disibodenberg[444]"…Emmecho Comes et frater eius Gerlaus…" witnessed the charter dated 1135 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed privileges of Mainz[445]

iii)        [GISELA (-before 2 Feb 1156)The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m WERNER Graf von Neckerau-Gröningen, son of ---.  1090/1120.] 

iv)       [HERMANN .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  [1110].  m ADELA [von Prozelten].  The primary source which confirms her origin and marriage has not yet been identified.] 

b)         BERTHOLD [Bertholf] (-before 16 Aug 1110, or 3 Mar 1110).  Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz confirmed that "comes Bertholdus cum...coniuge sua Hedewiga consanguinea nostra" had destroyed “capellam suam in loco...Rebengeresburc” [Ravengiersberg], with the consent of “Cunigunde comitisse comitis Immechonis vidua suisque coheredibus Arnolfo et Bertramo”, by charter dated 5 May 1072, witnessed by “Geizzolfus comes, Emmicho comes et frater suus Beretram...[446]"Emicho comes et frater eius Bertolf, Ludewicus comes, Gozwinus comes, Wernherus comes, Bertolfus comes, Dudo…" witnessed the charter dated 1091 under which Ruthard Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Kloster Bleidenstatt by "vir…militaris Hunfridus" when he entered the monastery[447].  Graf von Nürings-Stromberg.  Vogt von Lorsch und Ravengiersburg.  According to one table in Europäische Stammtafeln (which omits his parentage as shown in this document), he was the same person as Berthold Graf von Hohenberg (bei Durlach) and founded Kloster Gottesau in 1094[448].  There therefore appears to be confusion about the identity of the families of the various counts named Berthold who lived in Franconia/northern Swabia in the late 11th/early 12th century.  Unfortunately, this confusion cannot at present be cleared up because the primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet all been identified.  Ruthard Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster Disibodenberg by charter dated 11 May 1108 witnessed by "…Comes Emmicho de Smideburch et filius eius Emmicho, Bertolfus Comes de Nuringen…"[449]According to one table in Europäische Stammtafeln, he died 3 Mar 1110 as a monk at Kloster Gottesau[450]m firstly HEDWIG, daughter of --- (-after 1074).  Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster Ravensgirberg "in comitatu Emichonis comitis" by "Bertoldus comes et uxor eius consanguinea nostra Hadewic" by charter dated 1074[451]m secondly LIUTGARD, daughter of --- (-3 Jun ----).  1094/1095.  Graf Berthold & his [first] wife had two children:   

i)          BERTHOLD (-[17 Apr] [1123]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Comes Arnoldus, comes Emicho, comes Berhtolfus, Embricho camerarius et filii eius Salman et Embricho…" witnessed the charter dated 1112 under which Ceizolf Provost of St Johann at Mainz donated property[452].  "Ludowicus de Turingia comes, Arnoldus urbis comes, Sigehardus comes, Bertolfus comes, Ludewicus comes, Gozwinus comes…" witnessed the charter dated 20 Jun 1118 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz donated property "in placito Ludwici comitis" to Kloster St Johannes auf dem Bischofsberge, after the death of "Hildrudis vidue Wulferici ministerialis nostri"[453].  Graf von Nürings, Stromberg.  [The necrology of Lorsch records the death “XV Kal Mai” of “Bertoldi comitis iunioris[454].  This entry could also refer to Berthold Graf von Hohenberg (bei Durlach) (see BADEN).]  m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Graf Berthold & his wife had two children: 

(a)       BERTHOLD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Nürings.  1124/36.  "…Bertoldus comes et frater eius Sigefridus de Noringen" signed the charter dated 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Mainz cathedral[455].  "…Bertolfus et frater eius Sigfridus comes de Nuringes…" witnessed the charter dated 1131 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation of "villa Woverebach…in pago Wetereiba in comitatu Bertoldi comitis de Nuringe" to Mainz[456].  "…Comes Bertoldus de Nuringen…" witnessed the charter dated 1135 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz recorded the liberation of Mainz[457][1146].  m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Graf Berthold & his wife had two children:

(1)       SIEGFRIED (-after 1159).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "…Comes Sigefridus et frater eius Gerhardus…" witnessed the charter dated 8 Dec 1141 under which Markolf Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations by "matrona…Juditha…de villa Steinheim…in pago Rinegowe" to Kloster St Alban, for the soul of "mariti sui Eberhardi"[458].  "Comite Sigefrido […cum filia sua Judithe…] et…fratre suo Gerhardo comite de Nuringes nec non…consorte thori sui Udelhilde" sold property at Riedhausen to Kloster Ilmenstadt by charter dated 1159[459]m UDELHILDE, daughter of ---.  "Comite Sigefrido […cum filia sua Judithe…] et…fratre suo Gerhardo comite de Nuringes nec non…consorte thori sui Udelhilde" sold property at Riedhausen to Kloster Ilmenstadt by charter dated 1159[460].  Siegfried & his wife had one child: 

a.         JUDITH"Comite Sigefrido […cum filia sua Judithe…] et…fratre suo Gerhardo comite de Nuringes nec non…consorte thori sui Udelhilde" sold property at Riedhausen to Kloster Ilmenstadt by charter dated 1159[461]

(2)       GERHARD (-after 29 Jan 1166).  "…Comes Sigefridus et frater eius Gerhardus…" witnessed the charter dated 8 Dec 1141 under which Markolf Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations by "matrona…Juditha…de villa Steinheim…in pago Rinegowe" to Kloster St Alban, for the soul of "mariti sui Eberhardi"[462].  Graf von Nürings.  "…Comites…Gerhardus de Nueringen…" subscribed the charter dated 30 May 1145 under which Heinrich Archbishop of Mainz confirmed possessions of the canons of Gottesthal[463].  "Comite Sigefrido […cum filia sua Judithe…] et…fratre suo Gerhardo comite de Nuringes nec non…consorte thori sui Udelhilde" sold property at Riedhausen to Kloster Ilmenstadt by charter dated 1159[464].  Emperor Friedrich I confirmed the donation of property “in Rithusen” to Kloster Ilbenstadt made by “comes Gerardus de Nuringes cum filia sua Juttha” by charter dated 29 Jan 1166[465]m ---.  The name of Gerhard’s wife is not known.  Gerhard & his wife had one child: 

a.         JUTTA .  Emperor Friedrich I confirmed the donation of property “in Rithusen” to Kloster Ilbenstadt made by “comes Gerardus de Nuringes cum filia sua Juttha” by charter dated 29 Jan 1166[466]

(b)       SIEGFRIED (-after 13 Sep 1132).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Nürings.  "Emicho comes et frater suus Gerlach, Meinhardus comes de Spanheim, Arnoldus de Lurinbergk, Sifridus comes de Nuringen, Albero de Hachinfels, Eberhardus de Hostetten…Embricho comes de Rinegowe…" witnessed the charter dated 1123 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Kloster Altmünster by "Meingotus filius Embrichonis quondam camerarii nostri", leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "fratris sui Dudonis"[467].  "Emicho comes de Kireberc, Bertolfus comes de Nuringin, Embricho comes de Rinegowe, Wulframus de Lapide, Wulframus et Embricho filii sui…" witnessed the charter dated 1126 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue"[468].  "…Bertoldus comes et frater eius Sigefridus de Noringen" signed the charter dated 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Mainz cathedral[469].  "…Bertolfus et frater eius Sigfridus comes de Nuringes…" witnessed the charter dated 1131 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation of "villa Woverebach…in pago Wetereiba in comitatu Bertoldi comitis de Nuringe" to Mainz[470]Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz donated property "in pago…Weitereibia…in comitatu Sigefridi comitis de Nuringes" to Mainz cathedral by charter dated 1132, after 13 Sep, signed by "Willehelmus comes Palatinus, Heinricus marchionis Luibaldi filius, Arnoldus Moguntinus comes, Ludewicus comes Thuringie, Ernest comes et Siczzo comes, Sigefridus et frater eius Bertolfus comites de Nuringes, Emicho comes et frater eius Gerlahus, Megenhardus de Spanheim, Wolframus de Wertheim…"[471]

ii)         LIUTGARDThe primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1094/1130.  m VOLKOLD von Malsburg Graf von Nidda .  1092/1124. 

 

 

The parentage of the following person has not been ascertained.  The chronology suggests that he may have been the same person as Gerhard Graf von Nürings, son of Berthold, who is shown above. 

 

1.         GERHARD (-after 1168).  Graf von Nürings.  "Gerhardus comes de Nuringes et filius suus Eggeberhtus, Ludewicus et frater eius Sigebodo de Frankensteine…" witnessed the charter dated 1168 under which Burkhard Abbot of Hersfeld confirmed property of Kloster Breitungen[472]m ---.  The name of Gerhard´s wife is not known.  Gerhard & his wife had one child: 

a)         EGBERT .  "Gerhardus comes de Nuringes et filius suus Eggeberhtus, Ludewicus et frater eius Sigebodo de Frankensteine…" witnessed the charter dated 1168 under which Burkhard Abbot of Hersfeld confirmed property of Kloster Breitungen[473]

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    GRAFEN im RHEINGAU, RHEINGRAFEN

 

 

The pagus Rhenensis lay east of the river Rhein to the north of pagus Lobodonunsem, with Wiesbaden and Mainz in the northern part of the pagus and Worms in the southern.  The southern part of the pagus later developed into the south-eastern half of the Grafschaft Katzenelnbogen, centred on the town of Darmstadt.  The northern area formed part of the lay properties of the archbishopric of Mainz.  A geographical description of the pagus Rhenensis during Carolingian times is found in the Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ, based principally on donations made to Lorsch during the 9th and 10th centuries[474]

 

Leading families in the pagus Rhenensis between the late 8th and late 10th centuries included the descendants of Cancor, shown in the present document under the Grafen im Wormsgau, and the Konradiner (Grafen im Lahngau).  The family of the Rheingrafen emerged in the same area in the late 11th century. 

 

On the basis of the primary sources which have so far been consulted during the preparation of the present document, there is considerable uncertainty about the reconstruction of the early generations of this family. 

 

 

1.         --- .  m HILTRUDIS, daughter of --- (-after 5 Oct 1071).  Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation by "nobilis matrona Hiltrudis…vidua filiusque eius Reinfredus et Ludowicus comes" of "hereditario iure…in  pago Rinegowe…in villa Winkela, Eybinga et in Loricha" to Kloster St Victor at Mainz, by charter dated 5 Oct 1071, witnessed by "Gebeno prefectus civitatis, Emicho comes, Sigefredus comes, Wiggerus comes, Ludewicus comes, Udalrich advocatus, Adelbrecht advocatus, Megingoz centurion, Diebrecht, Dudo, Embricho filius eius"[475].  One child: 

a)         REINFRED (-after 5 Oct 1071).  Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation by "nobilis matrona Hiltrudis…vidua filiusque eius Reinfredus et Ludowicus comes" of "hereditario iure…in  pago Rinegowe…in villa Winkela, Eybinga et in Loricha" to Kloster St Victor at Mainz, by charter dated 5 Oct 1071[476]

 

2.         LUDWIG (-after 5 Oct 1071).  Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation by "nobilis matrona Hiltrudis…vidua filiusque eius Reinfredus et Ludowicus comes" of "hereditario iure…in  pago Rinegowe…in villa Winkela, Eybinga et in Loricha" to Kloster St Victor at Mainz, by charter dated 5 Oct 1071[477]Graf [im Rheingau].  The relationship, if any, between Ludwig and the other donors is not specified in the document. 

 

 

1.         RICULF (-after 1109).  "Richolfus comes…" witnessed the charter dated 1090 under which "Dirolfus et uxor mea Heilrad" donated property "in confinio Altavilla iuxta ripam Reni" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the repose of "matris mee Friderun"[478].  A charter dated 1096 records a donation by "Giselbreth" of property "in marcha ville Winkela" next to property of "Richolfus comes" to Kloster Bleidenstatt[479]Graf im Rheingau.  "Richolfus comes Rinckaugie et uxor mea Danckmodis cum filio nostro Ludewico et filia nostra Werdtrude" donated "ecclesiam in villa nostra Clingelmunda infra Winzellam" to Propstei St Johann auf dem Bischofsberge by charter dated 1109, before 2 May[480]m DANKMODIS, daughter of --- (-after 1109).  "Richolfus comes Rinckaugie et uxor mea Danckmodis cum filio nostro Ludewico et filia nostra Werdtrude" donated "ecclesiam in villa nostra Clingelmunda infra Winzellam" to Propstei St Johann auf dem Bischofsberge by charter dated 1109, before 2 May[481].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[482], Dankmodis was the sister of Ruthard Archbishop of Mainz, but the primary source on which this information is based has not yet been identified.  Riculf & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         LUDWIG (-after 1109).  "Richolfus comes Rinckaugie et uxor mea Danckmodis cum filio nostro Ludewico et filia nostra Werdtrude" donated "ecclesiam in villa nostra Clingelmunda infra Winzellam" to Propstei St Johann auf dem Bischofsberge by charter dated 1109, before 2 May[483].  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the property of Bischofsberg, including donations made by "Ludewicus comes in Rineguowe cum uxore sua Ludgardis", by charter dated 1140, witnessed by "…Embrico Comes de Rinegowe…"[484]m LUITGARD, daughter of ---.  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the property of Bischofsberg, including donations made by "Ludewicus comes in Rineguowe cum uxore sua Ludgardis", by charter dated 1140, witnessed by "…Embrico Comes de Rinegowe…"[485]

same person as…?  LUDWIGGraf [im Rheingau].  m SOPHIE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1126 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue", with the consent of "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum"[486].  Ludwig & his wife had one child: 

i)          LUDGARDIS .  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue", with the consent of "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum", by charter dated 1126, witnessed by "Emicho comes de Kireberc, Bertolfus comes de Nuringin, Embricho comes de Rinegowe, Wulframus de Lapide, Wulframus et Embricho filii sui…"[487]

b)         WERDTRUD .  "Richolfus comes Rinckaugie et uxor mea Danckmodis cum filio nostro Ludewico et filia nostra Werdtrude" donated "ecclesiam in villa nostra Clingelmunda infra Winzellam" to Propstei St Johann auf dem Bischofsberge by charter dated 1109, before 2 May[488].  A charter dated 1130, which records the confirmation by Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz of the possessions of Kloster Bischofsberge, states that "filie Richolfi comitis" became a recluse before her death[489]

c)         [MECHTILD von Stecklinberg .  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1126 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue", with the consent of "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum"[490].  It is not clear from this document whether Mechtild von Stecklinberg was the donor´s paternal or maternal aunt.]  

 

 

Two siblings, related to the preceding family although the precise relationship is unclear: 

1.         EMBRICHO [II] (-after 1143).  Graf [im Rheingau].  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue", with the consent of "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum", by charter dated 1126, witnessed by "Emicho comes de Kireberc, Bertolfus comes de Nuringin, Embricho comes de Rinegowe, Wulframus de Lapide, Wulframus et Embricho filii sui…"[491].  The wording of this charter suggests that "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie…nepotum suorum" (shown as Embricho [II] in the present document) was a different person from "Embrichonis comitis" for whose soul the donation was made (Embricho [I], see below).  The word "suorum" in the phrase "nepotum suorum" appears to refer to the donor.  It is not known with certainty that Graf Embricho [II] was the nephew of Ludgardis, or a more distant relative, given the usual confusion surrounding the word "nepos".  However, it does appear reasonably clear that Embricho [II] must have been the successor of Embricho [I] as Graf im Rheingau.  ["Emicho comes et frater suus Gerlach, Meinhardus comes de Spanheim, Arnoldus de Lurinbergk, Sifridus comes de Nuringen, Albero de Hachinfels, Eberhardus de Hostetten…Embricho comes de Rinegowe…" witnessed the charter dated 1123 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Kloster Altmünster by "Meingotus filius Embrichonis quondam camerarii nostri", when leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "fratris sui Dudonis"[492].  It is not known whether the witness "Embricho comes de Rinegowe" was Embricho [I] or Embricho [II].]  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the property of Bischofsberg, including donations made by "Ludewicus comes in Rineguowe cum uxore sua Ludgardis", by charter dated 1140, witnessed by "…Embrico Comes de Rinegowe…"[493]"…Hadewigis…soror nostra…" donated property to Kloster Johannisberg "per manum fratris sui Embrichonis" by charter dated 1143[494]

2.         HEDWIG (-after 1143).  Nun at Kloster Johannisberg.  "…Hadewigis…soror nostra…" donated property to Kloster Johannisberg "per manum fratris sui Embrichonis" by charter dated 1143[495]

 

 

1.         WOLFRAM von Winkler (-after 1126).  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue", with the consent of "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum", by charter dated 1126[496].  As explained above under Graf Embricho [II], the wording of this document suggests that "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum" were related to the donor, maybe her nephews.  If this is correct, it is not certain whether the two named individuals were brothers or born from different parents.  The absence of a reference in the charter to their being brothers cannot be considered conclusive in considering the question, although the difference in their territorial epithets suggests that they may have had different fathers. 

 

 

The precise relationship, if any, between the following two brothers and sister and the previous family has not yet been ascertained. 

1.         EMBRICHO [I] (-before 1126).  Graf [im Rheingau].  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue", with the consent of "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum", by charter dated 1126, witnessed by "Emicho comes de Kireberc, Bertolfus comes de Nuringin, Embricho comes de Rinegowe, Wulframus de Lapide, Wulframus et Embricho filii sui…"[497]

2.         LUDWIG .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1126 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue", with the consent of "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum"[498]

3.         HILTRUDIS .  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1126 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation by "religiosa…domina Ludgardis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "Ludwici comitis et Sophie parentum suorum, Mechtildis de Stecklinberg amite sue, Embrichonis comitis, domini Ludwici abbatis fratrum suorum et Hiltrudis sororis sue", with the consent of "Embrichonis comitis Ringowie et Wulfrici de Winkla nepotum suorum"[499]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    GRAFEN im WORMSGAU

 

 

A.      Die ROTBERTINER

 

 

A geographical description of the pagus Wormatiensis during Carolingian times is found in the Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ, compiled principally on the basis of donations made to Lorsch during the 9th and 10th centuries[500]

 

 

ROBERT [I], son of LAMBERT [II] comes in Neustria and Austrasia & his wife --- ([700/10]-before 764)The third continuator of the Gesta Abbatum Trudonensium names "Robertus comes vel dux Hasbanie" in 715, and quotes a charter dated 7 Apr 742 under which "Robertus comes, filius condam Lamberti" donated property "in villa…Sarcinio…in pago Hasbaniensi…[et] Halon, Scaffnis, Felepa et Marholt" to St Trudon[501]Comte de Hesbaie.  Comes palatinus 741/42.  Graf im Oberrheingau und Wormsgau. 

m ([730]) WILLISWINDA, daughter of ADALHELM Grundherr im Wormsgau & his wife --- (-[12 Jul 764/776]).  "Cancor…Rhenensis pagi comes cum matre sua…Williswinda vidua Ruperti comitis" founded Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 764[502].  "Williswinda…et filius meus Cancor" donated "villam…in pago Wormatiense…Hagenheim super fluvium Salusiam", inherited from "genitoris mei…Adelhelmi", to monastery "Lauresham in pago Rhenense super fluvium Wisgotz" by charter dated 12 Jul 764, signed by "…Heimerici filii Cancronis"[503].  "Heimericus" names "Williswinda avia ipsius Heimericus" in an undated charter relating to a donation to Kloster Lorsch[504]"Karolus…rex Francorum", in an undated charter (placed in the compilation with charters dated 772) related to Kloster Lorsch, names "avia…Heimerici…Williswinda vel genitor suus Cancor, germano suo domino Ruodgango archiepiscopo"[505].  The primary source which confirms her parentage, and that her husband was named Robert, has not yet been identified.  

Robert [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         CANCOR (-771).  Graf im Rheingau.  "Cancor…Rhenensis pagi comes cum matre sua…Williswinda vidua Ruperti comitis" founded Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 764[506].  "Williswinda…et filius meus Cancor" donated "villam…in pago Wormatiense…Hagenheim super fluvium Salusiam", inherited from "genitoris mei…Adelhelmi", to monastery "Lauresham in pago Rhenense super fluvium Wisgotz" by charter dated 12 Jul 764, signed by "…Heimerici filii Cancronis"[507]The Chronicon Laureshamense records the donation dated "764 IV Id Iul" in Hagenheim by "Williswinda…et filius meus Cancor comes"[508]"Cancor et Angila conjux mea" donated property "in illa marcha de Bisistat…de dote Angilæ" [Birstatt] to Lorsch by charter dated 1 Jun 770, signed by "Thurincberti fratris ipsius Cancronis et Heimerici filii sui"[509]The Annalium Laureshamensium record the death in 771 of "Cancor"[510]m ANGILA, daughter of --- (-after 1 Jun 770).  "Cancor et Angila conjux mea" donated property "in illa marcha de Bisistat…de dote Angilæ" [Birstatt] to Lorsch by charter dated 1 Jun 770, signed by "Thurincberti fratris ipsius Cancronis et Heimerici filii sui"[511]The Chronicon Laureshamense records the donation of "villa Bisistat" dated 1 Jun 770 by "comitis Cancronis et uxoris eius Angila"[512].  Cancor & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         HEIMRICH [Heimo] (-killed in battle Lüne an der Elbe 5 May 795).  "Williswinda…et filius meus Cancor" donated "villam…in pago Wormatiense…Hagenheim super fluvium Salusiam", inherited from "genitoris mei…Adelhelmi", to monastery "Lauresham in pago Rhenense super fluvium Wisgotz" by charter dated 12 Jul 764, signed by "…Heimerici filii Cancronis"[513]The Chronicon Laureshamense names "Heimerici filii Cancronis" as one of the signatories of the donation dated "764 IV Id Iul" by "Williswinda…et filius meus Cancor comes", and records a donation dated 776 by "Heimericus comes filius Cancronis" in which it is specified that both his father and grandmother were dead[514]"Cancor et Angila conjux mea" donated property "in illa marcha de Bisistat…de dote Angilæ" [Birstatt] to Lorsch by charter dated 1 Jun 770, signed by "Thurincberti fratris ipsius Cancronis et Heimerici filii sui"[515]"Karolus…rex Francorum", in an undated charter (placed in the compilation with charters dated 772) related to Kloster Lorsch, names "avia…Heimerici…Williswinda vel genitor suus Cancor, germano suo domino Ruodgango archiepiscopo"[516]"Heimricus comes filius Cancronis" confirmed donations to Lorsch "mortuis patre et avia" by charter dated 776[517].  Graf im Oberrheingau 772/782.  Graf im Lahngau 778.  "Heimiricus comes filius domne nostre Wiilisuuinde" witnessed an enquiry into property "in villa…Sueinheim" by charter dated 6 Jun 782[518], although Heimrich was the grandson, not the son, of Williswinda if the information in other the charters is accurate.  Abbot of Mosbach 784.   

b)         [CHRODGANG [Hruotgang] (-after [772]).  "Heimericus" names "germano suo domino Ruodgango archiepiscopo" in an undated charter relating to a donation to Kloster Lorsch[519]"Karolus…rex Francorum", in an undated charter (placed in the compilation with charters dated 772) related to Kloster Lorsch, names "avia…Heimerici…Williswinda vel genitor suus Cancor, germano suo domino Ruodgango archiepiscopo"[520]Archbishop, although his archbishopric has not yet been traced.  Other sources name Chrodgang Archbishop of Metz, son of Sigramnus and his wife Landrada (see the document CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY).  It appears beyond coincidence that two archbishops named Chrodgang existed at the same time.  It is possible therefore that all the sources refer to the same person and that "germanus" in the Lorsch sources should be interpreted more broadly than "brother".] 

c)         ERMBERT (-803).  "Rachildis" donated property "in pago Wormatiense in Dinenheimer marcha" to Lorsch, for the souls of "…germani mei Heimerici atque Erimberti episcopi", by charter dated 31 Oct 792[521]The Chronicon Laureshamense records the donation "in Dinenheim et Sunnincheim" dated "792 prid Kal Nov" by "Rachildis…pro remedio animæ…et germani mei Heimrici atque Ermberti episcopi"[522].  Bishop of Worms 770. 

d)         RACHILT (-after 1 Nov 792).  "Rachildis" donated property "in pago Wormatiense in Dinenheimer marcha" to Lorsch, for the souls of "…germani mei Heimerici atque Erimberti episcopi", by charter dated 31 Oct 792[523]The Chronicon Laureshamense records the donation "in Dinenheim et Sunnincheim" dated "792 prid Kal Nov" by "Rachildis…pro remedio animæ…et germani mei Heimrici atque Ermberti episcopi"[524]Nun at Lorsch. 

e)         EUPHEMIA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  776.  Nun at Lorsch. 

2.         [ANSELM Europäische Stammtafeln[525] shows Anselm (-killed in battle Spain [780/90]), comes palatii, as the son of Robert [I] but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  "Carolus…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" granted the monastery of Plaisir to Folrad abbot of Saint-Denis by charter dated 28 Jul 775 which name "fidelibus…Ghaerardo, Bernardo, Radulfo, Hilderado, Ermenaldo, Hebroino, Theudbaldo, Agneone comitibus, Haltberto, Laumberto, Haererico et Anselmo comite palatio nostro"[526].  "Carolus…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" gave a judgment by charter dated to [Dec 775] which names "fidelibus…Widrigo, Odrigo, Theodrico, Bernehardo, Albuino, Aginhardo, Berngario comitibus et Anshelmo comite palacii nostri"[527].  Einhard records that "Eggihardus regiæ mensæ præpositus, Anselmus comes palatii et Hruodlaudus Brittanici limitis præfectus" were killed in Spain, dated from the context to the 780s[528].] 

3.         THURINGBERT (-Jun 770 or after).  "Cancor et Angila conjux mea" donated property "in illa marcha de Bisistat…de dote Angilæ" [Birstatt] to Lorsch by charter dated 1 Jun 770, signed by "Thurincberti fratris ipsius Cancronis et Heimerici filii sui"[529]The Chronicon Laureshamense records "Thurincberti fratris ipsius Cancronis" as signatory of the donation dated 1 Jun 770 by "comitis Cancronis et uxoris eius Angila"[530].  "Turincbertus" donated property to Lorsch by charter dated 1 Nov 767 subscribed by "Heimerici comitis"[531]Grundherr im Rheingau und Wormsgau.  "Turincbertus et filius meus Rotbertus" donated property "in pago Rinensi in villa…Birstat" to Lorsch by charter dated Jun 770[532]m ---.  The name of Thuringbert's wife is not known.  Thuringbert & his wife had one child:

a)         ROBERT [II] (-12 Jul 807)"Turincbertus et filius meus Rotbertus" donated property "in pago Rinensi in villa…Birstat" to Lorsch by charter dated Jun 770[533]Graf im Wormsgau und Oberrheingau 795/807.  Herr zu Dienheim 795.  [same person as…?  RADBERT (-807).  Einhard records that "Radbertus missus imperatoris" died in 807 after returning from the Orient[534].  It is possible that "Radbertus" refers to "Rodbertus".] 

 

 

1.         ROBERT [III], son of --- (-before 19 Feb 834)"Karolus…augustus…imperator Romanum…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued a judgment by charter dated 8 Mar 812 which names "fidelibus nostri: Gerulfus, Guntlandus, Hedo, Armannus, Hamricus, Sicardus, Rotbertus comitibus…Amalricus comiti palatii nostro"[535]Graf im Wormsgau.  The Commemoratio Missis Data dated 825 [before Nov] names "…in Mogontia…Heistulfus episcopus et Ruodbertus comes…"[536]m ([808]) WILTRUD, daughter of ADRIANUS & his wife Waldrat.  "Wialdruth et Guntram" donated property "in Buosinesheim" for the soul of "Rutperti comitis quondam viri mei" by charter dated 19 Feb 834[537].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Robert [III] & his wife had [seven] children:

a)         [GUNTRAM (-837 or after).  "Wialdruth et Guntram" donated property "in Buosinesheim" for the soul of "Rutperti comitis quondam viri mei" by charter dated 19 Feb 834[538].  The document implies, but does not specifically state, that Guntram was the couple's son.  Graf im Wormsgau.  837.] 

b)         [EUDES (-1 Aug 871).  René Merlet suggests that Eudes was the brother of Robert "le Fort", ancestor of the Capetian dynasty, tracing what appears to be the parallel development of their careers[539].  If this is correct, the chronology suggests that Eudes must have been the older brother.  Comte de Châteaudun, later Comte de TroyesComte de Blois.] 

-        see CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY

c)         ROBERT [Rodbert] "Rubertus filius Ruberti comitis" donated property "in in pago Wormat. in Mettenheimer marca" to Lorsch by charter dated [836/37][540].  [same person as…?  ROBERT "le Fort" ([815/30]-killed in battle Brissarthe 2 Jul 866).  No definite proof has so far been identified of the co-identity of Robert "le Fort" with the son of Robert Graf im Wormsgau.  No primary source has yet been found which points specifically towards this suggested co-identity, although it is consistent with the Franconian origin referred to by the Annales Xantenses and by Widukind, noted above.  It is assumed that the suggestion is based primarily on onomastics, although the first secondary source which proposed the connection has not yet been identified and therefore has not been not checked.  The author in question may also have assumed that Robert was a unique name among noblemen in France in the first half of the 9th century, although this ignores Robert Seigneur [comte] à Sesseau en Berry, who was the possible brother of the wife of Pepin I King of Aquitaine (see the document CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY).  The timing of the supposed arrival of Robert from Franconia, assuming that the co-identity is correct, is not ideal either.  Robert would presumably have fled Germany after opting to support Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks in the latter´s fight against his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche” King of the East Franks.  This dispute is dated to 858/59: King Ludwig invaded in Aug 858, when King Charles was faced with widespread rebellion, and was defeated in Jan 859.  However, Robert "le Fort" is already named as missus in Maine, Anjou and Touraine in Nov 853, in a document issued by King Charles II[541] (unless of course this document refers to Robert Seigneur [comte] à Sesseau, which is not impossible).]   

[-       KINGS of FRANCE.] 

d)         [ODA .  The primary source which confirms her suggested parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  It is presumably speculative.  m WALACHO [Walo] Graf im Wormsgau, son of --- (-before 891).] 

e)         [ADALELM [I] (-after 6 Mar 870).  Regino names "Waltgerius comes, nepos Odonis regis, filius scilicet avunculi eius Adalhelmi in Aquitanien" when recording his battle against "Ramnulfum et fratrem eius Gozbertum et Ebulonem abbatum de sancto Dionysio " in Jul 892[542]The primary source which confirms that Adalelm [I] was the son of Robert [III] has not yet been identified.  If "avunculus" is used in its strict sense in this text, it is possible that Adalelm [I] was a maternal relative of Eudes King of France rather than the brother of Eudes's father.  An agreement dated 6 Mar 870 between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks names "Ingelramnus comes" as representative of the former and, as present, "Adalelmus comes, Ingelramnus comes, Liutfridus comes, Theodericus comes, item Adalelmus comes"[543].]  m ---.  The name of Adalelm's wife is not known.  Adalelm [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [ADALELM [II] (-killed in battle Paris 886).  An agreement dated 6 Mar 870 between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks names "Ingelramnus comes" as representative of the former and, as present, "Adalelmus comes, Ingelramnus comes, Liutfridus comes, Theodericus comes, item Adalelmus comes"[544]An agreement dated 14 Jun 877 of Emperor Charles II "le Chauve", presumably written with his own death in mind, names "…ex comitibus aut Tedericus, aut Balduinus, sive Chuonradus, seu Adalelmus" as those willing to support the emperor's son[545]Abbo's Bella Parisiciæ Urbis records the death of "Rotberto…nepos eius…Adalelmus" at the siege of Paris in 886[546].  The parentage of Adalhelm [II] is not known, but the passage in Abbo indicates his (imprecise) family relationship with the future Robert I King of France, and his name suggests that he may have been the son of Adalelm [I].] 

ii)         WALTGER (-after Jul 892).  Regino names "Waltgerius comes, nepos Odonis regis, filius scilicet avunculi eius Adalhelmi in Aquitanien" when recording his battle against "Ramnulfum et fratrem eius Gozbertum et Ebulonem abbatum de sancto Dionysio " in Jul 892[547]

f)          [daughter .  The origin of the wife of Megingoz [I] is not known with certainty.  She may have been the daughter of Robert [III] Graf im Wormsgau & his wife Wiltrud ---, as indicated by the charter dated 876 under which Graf Megingoz, with his nepos Odo, donated property at Mattenheim.  Settipani identifies Odo with the future Eudes King of France[548], suggesting that either Megingoz [I] himself or his wife was closely related to the Rotbertiner family.  This hypothesis appears corroborated by Megingoz [II], probable son of Megingoz [I], being described as nepos of King Eudes in 892 by Regino[549].  Jackman suggests that the wife of Megingoz [I] was named ROTLIND, whose name is closely associated with the family in the Memorial book of Remiremont[550]However, it is also possible that Megingoz's relationship to King Eudes was more remote that "uncle" or that he was a maternal relative of the king.  m MEGINGOZ [I] Graf im Wormsgau, son of [ADALBERT & his wife ] (-after  876).  However, it is also possible that Megingoz's relationship to King Eudes was more remote than "uncle" or that he was a maternal relative of the king.]

g)         [WILDRUT .  Jackman suggests that the wife of Aledram [I] Comte de Troyes was the daughter of Robert [III], the name Wildrut appearing in a Reichenau memorial book[551]m ALEDRAM [I] Comte [de Troyes], son of ---.] 

 

 

 

B.      FAMILY of GRAF MEGINGOZ

 

 

MEGINGOZ [I] [Megingaud/Megingold], son of [ADALBERT] & his wife --- (-876 or after).  Megingoz son of Adalbert is named in a Papal letter dated 879[552], although it is not known whether this is the same person as Megingoz [I].  "…Megingoz…" is among those listed as present in the charter dated 12 Oct 847 under which King Ludwig granted property to "Pribina"[553]"Heriricus" donated property "Wimundasheim in pago Wurmacense" to Trier with the advice and consent of "fratris nostri…Hunfridi episcopi" by charter dated 21 Aug 868, subscribed by "Megingaudi comitis, Megengaudi vicedomni"[554].  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks confirmed donations to Kloster Prüm by charter dated 12 Apr 870 which states that Prüm was founded by "Megingaudus comes…" among others[555].  Graf im Wormsgau. 

m ---.  The origin of the wife of Megingoz [I] is not known with certainty.  She may have been --- im Wormsgau, daughter of Robert [III] Graf im Wormsgau & his wife Wiltrud ---, as indicated by the charter dated 876 under which Graf Megingoz, with his nepos Odo, donated property at Mattenheim.  Settipani identifies Odo with the future Eudes King of France[556], suggesting that either Megingoz himself or his wife was closely related to the Rotbertiner family.  This hypothesis appears corroborated by Megingoz [II], probable son of Megingoz [I], being described as nepos of King Eudes in 892 by Regino (see below).  Jackman suggests that the wife of Megingoz [I] was named ROTLIND, whose name is closely associated with the family in the Memorial book of Remiremont[557]However, it is also possible that Megingoz's relationship to King Eudes was more remote than "uncle" or that he was a maternal relative of the king.

Megingoz [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         [MEGINGOZ [II] (-killed 28 Aug 892, bur Trier St Maximin).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, his unusual name suggests a close family relationship with Megingoz [I].  The Miraculæ S. Maximi record that "Megingaudo, regni huius duci" was granted the monastery of "abbate Herkenberto", St Maximin from the context, by Emperor Arnulf[558].  Graf von Mayenfeld: "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Meinifeld…villam Ribanache" to Kloster St Maximin at Trier naming "comes noster…Megingoz" by charter dated 23 Jan 888[559].  "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Uuormazfelda in comitatu Megingaudi…in villa Dechidestein" to Kloster Fulda on the proposal of "Pobbonis et Deotpoldi [comitum]" by charter dated 21 Jul 889[560]Regino records that "Megingaudus comes, nepos supradicti Odonis regis" was killed "892 V Kal Sep" by "Alberico in monasterio sancti Xysti quod vocatur Rotila", specifying that he was buried in "Treverim apud sanctum Maximum" and in a later passage that "Arnolfi Zvendiboldo filio" was given the honours of "Megingaudi comitis" in 892[561]The Annales Einsidlenses record the death in 991 of "Manegold comes"[562]m as her first husband, GISELA, daughter of ---.  The Miraculi Sanctæ Waldburgis names "Gisela matrona pernobilis, uxor Burchardi, Walochonis comitis filii, quæ antea matrimonio iuncta fuerat comitis Megindaudi"[563].  She married secondly Burkhard

2.         ROBERT .  The Miraculæ S. Maximi names "comes…Ruodbertus, germanus…Megingaudi" adding that he governed "in pago Naachgowe Maximii ac Remigii conlimitantia"[564].  Graf im Nahegau.  Abbot of Echternach[565]

 

 

1.         MEGINGOZ [III] (-Sep 959).  The precise relationship between Megingoz [III] and the two earlier counts of the same name has not been identified, although the common use of this unusual name suggests a close connection.  "Megingaudus" donated property to the monastery of St Maximin by charter dated 929 which names "uxori quoque meæ Bilidrude et filio meo Godefrido"[566], although it is not known whether this is the same person as Megingoz [III].  "Otto…rex" returned property to "germani fratris nostri Heinrici cuidam vassallo illius Megingoz" by charter dated 18 Jul 944[567], at the same time as similar return of property to "Billing".  This implies that the property had previously been confiscated from Megingoz following some prior transgression about which no record has yet been found.  The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death "959 Sep" of "Megingoz com"[568].  [m BILTRUDE, daughter of --- (-after 929).  "Megingaudus" donated property to the monastery of St Maximin by charter dated 929 which names "uxori quoque meæ Bilidrude et filio meo Godefrido"[569], although it is not known whether this is the same person as Megingoz [III].  Megingoz [III] & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [GOTTFRIED (-after 929).  "Megingaudus" donated property to the monastery of St Maximin by charter dated 929 which names "uxori quoque meæ Bilidrude et filio meo Godefrido"[570], although it is not certain whether this is the same person as Megingoz [III].] 

 

 

Three brothers, parents not known.  Their precise relationship, if any, to the earlier counts named Megingoz has not been established. 

1.         LANTBERT (-after 4 Feb 966).  "Otto…rex" granted property "predium quale Lantberto atque Megingozzo per Emichonem comitem" to the church of Mainz by charter dated 29 May 961[571].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahgeuue…in marca Kira, in Bergon, in Puzuuilarc, in Husonbahc, in Bettonforst" confiscated from "Megingaldus et Reginzo fratres" to Theoderich Archbishop of Trier, except the property retained by "fratri eorum maiori Landberto", by charter dated 4 Feb 966[572].] 

2.         MEGINGOZ (-after 29 Sep 989).  "Otto…rex" granted property "predium quale Lantberto atque Megingozzo per Emichonem comitem" to the church of Mainz by charter dated 29 May 961[573].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahgeuue…in marca Kira, in Bergon, in Puzuuilarc, in Husonbahc, in Bettonforst" confiscated from "Megingaldus et Reginzo fratres" to Theoderich Archbishop of Trier, except the property retained by "fratri eorum maiori Landberto", by charter dated 4 Feb 966[574]same person as…?  MEGINGOZ [IV] (-14 Jan [998])The precise relationship between Megingoz [IV] and the earlier three counts of the same name has not been identified, although the common use of this unusual name suggests a close connection.  "Otto…imperator augustus" gave property "Herebertus dum vixit habere in villis Sowilnheim et in Olmeno in paho Naggowe in comitatu Emechonis comitis" to "fideli nostro Megingozo" Kloster Gandersheim by charter dated 27 Aug 973[575].  "Otto…rex" granted privileges to Kloster Vilich founded by "nobilis vir…Megingoz cum reliosa coniuge sua Gerbirga" by charter dated 18 Jan 987[576].  The Memorial of "Megendaudus…Gerbirga marito" also names "Irmendrudis", recording that she was born with them, presumably indicating that she was their daughter, with the name "Adelheidis abbatissa" recorded at the end out of context[577]"Geriniu" donated property "in pago Lobodinense et in comitatu Megingaudi in Sahssenheimeromarcum" to Lorsch by charter dated 29 Sep 989[578]m GERBERGA, daughter of GOTTFRIED Graf [Matfriede] & his wife Ermentrude --- (after 934-[995]).  The Vita Adelheidis names "Gerbirg…filia ducis Godefridi" as wife of "Megengoz"[579].  Megingoz [IV] & his wife had eight children: 

a)         MEGINGOZ [V] .  The Vita Adelheidis refers to "quatuor fratres [=Adelheid] unus paterno nomine, alter Heinrici", as well as two unnamed, as sons of "Megengoz" & his wife[580]

b)         HEINRICHThe Vita Adelheidis refers to "quatuor fratres [=Adelheid] unus paterno nomine, alter Heinrici", as well as two unnamed, as sons of "Megengoz" & his wife[581]

c)         son .  The Vita Adelheidis refers to "quatuor fratres [=Adelheid] unus paterno nomine, alter Heinrici", as well as two unnamed, as sons of "Megengoz" & his wife[582]

d)         son .  The Vita Adelheidis refers to "quatuor fratres [=Adelheid] unus paterno nomine, alter Heinrici", as well as two unnamed, as sons of "Megengoz" & his wife[583]

e)         IMIZA [Irmintrudis] ([950/60]-)The Vita Adelheidis names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adeleid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Irmintrudis was grandmother of "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis"[584].  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth date of her mother.  The Memorial of "Megendaudus…Gerbirga marito" also names "Irmendrudis", recording that she was born with them, presumably indicating that she was their daughter, with the name "Adelheidis abbatissa" recorded at the end out of context[585]m HERIBERT Pfalzgraf, son of --- (-992). 

f)          ALBERADAThe Vita Adelheidis names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adelheid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Alverad had "similiter suæ [=Irminthrudis] posterirum preclaris" without giving details[586]

g)         ADELHEIDThe Vita Adelheidis names "pater eius comes…Megengoz, mater Girbirg" as parents of Adelheid[587]The Memorial of "Megendaudus…Gerbirga marito" also names "Irmendrudis", recording that she was born with them, presumably indicating that she was their daughter, with the name "Adelheidis abbatissa" recorded at the end out of context[588]

h)         BERTRADAThe Vita Adelheidis names "Irminthrudis, Alverad [et] Berthrada" as the three sisters of Adeleid, daughters of "Megengoz" & his wife, specifying that Bertrada was a nun at Köln, St Maria[589]

3.         REGINZO (-after 4 Feb 966).  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Nahgeuue…in marca Kira, in Bergon, in Puzuuilarc, in Husonbahc, in Bettonforst" confiscated from "Megingaldus et Reginzo fratres" to Theoderich Archbishop of Trier, except the property retained by "fratri eorum maiori Landberto", by charter dated 4 Feb 966[590].] 

 

 

 

C.      FAMILY of GRAF WALACHO

 

 

The name “Walacho” suggests a possible relationship between the following individuals and the “Matfried” family of Grafen von Metz (see the document UPPER LOTHARINGIA NOBILITY).  Insufficient data is available to go beyond speculation about what the precise family connection might have been. 

 

 

1.         WALACHO [Walo] [I] (-before 891).  Graf im Nidagau.  "Walaho comes" donated property "in pago Nithagowe in Selbahe" to Kloster Bleidenstatt by charter dated 3 Dec 881[591].  Graf im Wormsgau.  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property "in pago Wormazfeld in comitatu Walonis…in Alahesheim" to Humboldo by charter dated 22 Sep 881[592]m ODA, daughter of ROBERT [III] Graf im Worsmgau & his wife Wiltrud ---. 

 

 

1.         WALACHO [Walo] [II] (-936).  Emperor Arnulf granted property "in comitatu Walahonis in pago Wormazfelda…in villis Oppenheim, Horagaheim nec non in Vuiginisheim" to the church of Worms on the intervention of "Rodharti ministerialis nostri" by charter dated 5 May 897[593].  "Arnolfus…rex" confirmed an exchange including property "in pago Eichesfelden in comitatu Ottonis" between the abbot of Fulda and "Chunrado comite" on the intervention of "Ottonis…marchionis" by charter dated 28 Jan 897[594]"Adelbero…Augustensis ecclesiæ…præsul" donated property to Lorsch "in pago Rinigouue in comitatum Gebehardi" by charter dated 20 May [896/99], signed by "Cunrado, Walahone, Gebehardo, Ruperto, Liutfrido, Burkardo, Dragebodo comitibus"[595]Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of Germany donated property "in pago Spiraggoue in comitatu sui senioris" to Wenilo "monacho Walahonis comitis" at Kloster Hornbach, by charter dated 8 Oct 900[596].  Ludwig "das Kind" King of Germany donated property "in pago Spiricovue in comitatu Walahonis in villa…Hasalach" to Kloster Weissenburg at the request of "Chuonrati et Purcharti comitum" by charter dated 5 Feb 902[597]Hatto Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations by "Reginbodonem" of property "in pago Glemisgouue in villa vel marcha Hirslanda et in Dicingaom et in Geringon…in comitatu Gozberti comitis" and "in pago Encichgouue in villa vel marcha Audinesheim et in Rutgesingon…in comitatu Walahi comitis" and "in pago Lobodenense in comitatu Liutfridi comitis…Virnunheim" to Lorsch by charter dated 25 Feb 902[598].  [Walah com. et uxor eius Megina” donated property “Knecegowe, Terhisse, Marbburgehusen et cetera confinia iuxta Moyn fluvium sita” to Fulda monastery[599].  “Wago dei gratia comes” donated property “in villa Votinga” to Fulda monastery[600].]  The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death in 936 of "Walager com"[601].  Although this death is recorded 34 years after the last dated reference to Walacho [II], no other “Graf Walacho” has been identified to whom this necrology entry might refer.  m ---.  The name of Walacho's wife is not known.  [It is possible that she was MEGINA, daughter of ---.  “Walah com. et uxor eius Megina” donated property “Knecegowe, Terhisse, Marbburgehusen et cetera confinia iuxta Moyn fluvium sita” to Fulda monastery[602], although it is uncertain to which Graf Walacho this donation relates.]  Walacho & his wife had [two] children:

a)         BURKHARD (-after 28 Oct 905).  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "Purchart filius Vualahonis"[603]Graf von Mayenfeld: "Wuieldrud" donated property to Münster St Martin with the consent of "senioris mariti mei…Hildiberti" by charter dated 28 Oct 905 made "in pago Meginouelt…in comitatu Burchardi comitis"[604]m (after Aug 892) as her second husband, GISELA, widow of MEGINGOZ, daughter of ---.  The Miraculi Sanctæ Waldburgis names "Gisela…uxor Burchardi, Walochonis comitis filii, quæ antea matrimonio iuncta fuerat comitis Megindaudi"[605]

b)         [WILTRUD (-933 or after).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[606], the wife of Eberhard may have been Wiltrud, possible daughter of Walacho.  Presumably her name is deduced from the charter dated 933 under which "Wiltrud mater Cunradi cum manu eiusdem filii sui" donated "omnem decimationem in Dissermark et in Brubechermark et in Lonstein" to "monasterium…Marcellini et Petri…situm in superiori Mulnheim…Selgenstat nuncupatur"[607].  This charter does not described Konrad as "comes".  However, a summary of donations to Kloster Bleidenstatt includes the donation by "Cunradus comes" on the death of "matris sue" of property "domo in qua Huwart vinitor habitat", undated[608].  This latter document does not name Konrad´s mother, but the suggestion is that Konrad may have been the same person as Konrad son of Wiltrud, on the assumption that the properties donated were in the same geographical area.  The basis for suggesting that Walacho was Wiltrud´s father is not known.  It may be related to the charter dated 5 Feb 902 under which Ludwig "das Kind" King of Germany donated property "in pago Spiricovue in comitatu Walahonis in villa…Hasalach" to Kloster Weissenburg at the request of "Chuonrati et Purcharti comitum"[609].  "Purcharti" was presumably Walacho´s son named Burkhard.  It is possible that "Chuonrati" was Walacho´s grandson, son of his daughter Wiltrud, although if this is correct it is unclear why Konrad´s name should have preceded Burkhard´s in the document.  m EBERHARD, son of UDO Graf im Lahngau [Konradiner] & his wife (-killed in battle near Bamberg [902/903]).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    GRAFEN von ARNSTEIN

 

 

1.         ARNOLD (-after 1 Apr 1050).  A list of acquisitions by Kloster Bleidenstatt, dated to 1017-1079, includes a donation by "domina Blitrudis" of "curtim suam in Loinstein", witnessed by "Arnold comes, Gerlach comes, Embricho comes, Wulfero"[610].  Emperor Heinrich III donated property "in villa…Cambo…et in comitatu Arnoldi et in pago Enriche" to Kaiserswerth by charter dated 1 Apr 1050[611]

 

 

Three siblings: 

1.         LUDWIG (-after 20 Jun 1118).  A list of acquisitions by Kloster Bleidenstatt, dated to 1017-1079, includes a donation of "curtem in Winkelo" by "domina Hemma" for the anniversary of her husband, with the consent of "Ludewici comitis fratris sui", witnessed by "Embricho comes, Dudo comes et frater eius Udalrich"[612].  A list of acquisitions by Kloster Bleidenstatt, dated to 1017-1079, includes a donation of "curiam suam in Pateresberg" by "domina Adelind vidua Bertoldi comitis" in the presence of "Ludewico comite fratre suo", dated 1061[613].  Heinrich IV King of Germany donated property "in villa Chambo in pago Einriche in comitatu Lodowici comitis" to Kaiserswerth by charter dated [Aug] 1067[614].  A list of acquisitions by Kloster Bleidenstatt, dated to 1017-1079, includes a donation of "VI marcas in Kloppinheim" by "Drutwinus comes", for the burial and anniversary of "patris sui Dudonis", dated 1076, witnessed by "Dudo frater eius, Embricho comes, Ludewicus comes cum filiis suis"[615].  "Emicho comes et frater eius Bertolf, Ludewicus comes, Gozwinus comes, Wernherus comes, Bertolfus comes, Dudo…" witnessed the charter dated 1091 under which Ruthard Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Kloster Bleidenstatt by "vir…militaris Hunfridus" when he entered the monastery[616].  Heinrich V King of Germany donated property "in villa Daleheim…in pago Einriche et in comitatu Ludowici comitis de Arnstein" Kloster St Pantaleon at Köln by charter dated 2 Nov 1107[617].  "Ludowicus de Turingia comes, Arnoldus urbis comes, Sigehardus comes, Bertolfus comes, Ludewicus comes, Gozwinus comes…" witnessed the charter dated 20 Jun 1118 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz donated property "in placito Ludwici comitis" to Kloster St Johannes auf dem Bischofsberge, after the death of "Hildrudis vidue Wulferici ministerialis nostri"[618]m ---.  The name of Ludwig´s wife is not known.  Ludwig & his wife had children: 

a)         children (-after 1076).  A list of acquisitions by Kloster Bleidenstatt, dated to 1017-1079, includes a donation of "VI marcas in Kloppinheim" by "Drutwinus comes", for the burial and anniversary of "patris sui Dudonis", dated 1076, witnessed by "Dudo frater eius, Embricho comes, Ludewicus comes cum filiis suis"[619]

2.         HEMMA .  A list of acquisitions by Kloster Bleidenstatt, dated to 1017-1079, includes a donation of "curtem in Winkelo" by "domina Hemma" for the anniversary of her husband, with the consent of "Ludewici comitis fratris sui", witnessed by "Embricho comes, Dudo comes et frater eius Udalrich"[620]m ---. 

3.         ADELIND (-after 1061).  A list of acquisitions by Kloster Bleidenstatt, dated to 1017-1079, includes a donation of "curiam suam in Pateresberg" by "domina Adelind vidua Bertoldi comitis" in the presence of "Ludewico comite fratre suo", dated 1061[621]m BERTHOLD, son of --- (-before 1061). 

 

 

Eight siblings, parents not identified:

1.         LUDWIG [II] (-28 May ----).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus", adding that he died "V Kal Iun"[622]m [as her first husband,] UDILHILDIS, daughter of --- (-5 Jul after 1139).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Udelhildis" as wife of "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus", adding that she died "III Non Iul"[623]The necrology of Arnstein an der Lahn records the death 5 Jul of "Udelhyldis comitisse de Udenkirche, que fuit mater Ludewici fundatoris nostri in Arnsteyn"[624].  This last document suggests that she married secondly --- Graf von OdenkirchenLudwig [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         LUDWIG [III] (-22 Oct 1185).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names Ludwig as only son of "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" and his wife Udelhildis[625].  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "comes Lodewicus, cum…coniuge sua Guda" founded the monastery at "castrum suum Arnstein, in Treverensi diocesi" in 1139[626].  Pope Innocent II granted his protection to Kloster Arnstein, founded by "illustris viri Lodewici et Gode uxoris sue", by bull dated 30 Sep 1142[627].  Konrad III King of Germany confirmed the foundation of Kloster Arnstein by "comes Ludehuicus de Arstein et Guda comitissa uxor sua" by charter dated to [Oct 1144/13 Mar 1145][628]m GUTA von Boyneburg, daughter of SIEGFRIED [IV] Graf von Boyneburg & his wife [Richenza ---] (-17 Aug ----, bur Kloster Arnstein).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "Lodewicus" married "comitis de Bomneburch…filiam…Gudam"[629].  Pope Innocent II granted his protection to Kloster Arnstein, founded by "illustris viri Lodewici et Gode uxoris sue", by bull dated 30 Sep 1142[630].  Konrad III King of Germany confirmed the foundation of Kloster Arnstein by "comes Ludehuicus de Arstein et Guda comitissa uxor sua" by charter dated to [Oct 1144/13 Mar 1145][631].  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records the death "XVI Kal Sep" of "domine Gude comitisse" and her burial in the monastery founded by her and her husband[632]The necrology of Arnstein an der Lahn records the death 17 Aug of "Gode comitisse, que cum marito suo…Ludewico comite fundatrix exstitit hujus ecclesie"[633]

b)         [AGNES (-before 1179).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the seventh married "in Sutpheniensem…comitiam"[634].  It is more likely from a chronological point of view that Agnes was the daughter of Ludwig [II] than Ludwig [I] but the primary source which confirms that this correct has not yet been identified.  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m HENDRIK Graf van Geldern en Zutphen, son of GERHARD [II] Graaf van Gelre & his wife Ermgard van Zutphen ([1117]-[27 May/10 Sep] 1182, bur Kloster Kamp).] 

2.         daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom two married "baronibus Ungarorum"[635]m ---. 

3.         daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom two married "baronibus Ungarorum"[636]m ---. 

4.         daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the third married "Palatini comitis de Thuyngin"[637].  The identity of the husband of this daughter is not established beyond doubt.  If he was Graf Hugo [II], the sources quoted below indicate that she would have been a second wife.  m [as his first/second wife,] [HUGO [II] Graf von Tübingen, son of --- (-[1120]).] 

5.         daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the fourth married "Nassauwen"[638]m DUDO Graf von Laurenburg, son of ---. 

6.         GISELHILD .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the fifth married "comitis de Loufo"[639].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m KONRAD Graf von Laufen, son of POPPO [III] Graf von Laufen & his wife Mathilde ---. 

7.         daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the sixth was ancestor of "Ysinburgensem prosapiam"[640]m REMBOLD [II] von Isenburg, son of GERLACH [I] Graf von Isenburg & his wife --- (-after 1121). 

8.         daughter .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters[641]

 

 

The precise relationship between the following person as the Grafen von Arnstein has not yet been ascertained: 

1.         OTTO .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "Otto…diaconus…nobili…Saxonum prosapia…consanguineus comitis memorati" (referring to Ludwig [III] Graf von Arnstein) when recording that he founded "secundum regulam beati Augustini et ecclesie primitive" and built "ecclesiam beati Victoris martyris de legione Theborum…super Salam fluvium"[642]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    GRAFEN von BILSTEIN

 

 

[Two brothers:]

1.         [--- .  Assuming that “patruelis”, in the charter dated 1093 quoted below, can be interpreted in the sense of “son of the paternal uncle”, the brother of Eberhard was the father of Christian.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         CHRISTIAN (-before 1093).  “Mathilt de Arnesburc filia comitis Eberhardi de Bilestein” donated “predium...in pago...Wedereiba juxta Nordecgka, quod iacet in Udenhusen”, for the soul of “patruelis mei Christiani” from whom she inherited the property, by charter dated 1093, in the presence of “gener meus Eberhardus et filius eius Cunradus[643]

2.         EBERHARD (-before 1093).  Graf von Bilstein.  He is named in the 1093 charter of his daughter quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Eberhard’s wife is not known.  Eberhard & his wife had one child: 

a)         MECHTILD von Bilstein (-after 1093).  “Mathilt de Arnesburc filia comitis Eberhardi de Bilestein” donated “predium...in pago...Wedereiba juxta Nordecgka, quod iacet in Udenhusen”, for the soul of “patruelis mei Christiani” from whom she inherited the property, and also property “in loco...Burenheim” for the souls of “me et...filie mee Gerdrudis et...mariti mei Cunonis”, by charter dated 1093, in the presence of “gener meus Eberhardus et filius eius Cunradus[644]m KONRAD von Arnsburg, son of ---.  One child: 

i)          GERTRUD von Arnsburg (-[after 1093]).  “Mathilt de Arnesburc filia comitis Eberhardi de Bilestein” donated property “in loco...Burenheim” for the souls of “me et...filie mee Gerdrudis et...mariti mei Cunonis”, by charter dated 1093, in the presence of “gener meus Eberhardus et filius eius Cunradus[645]m EBERHARD, son of --- . 

 

 

1.         RUGGER [II] von Bilstein (-before 1096).  Graf von Bilsteinm --- von Gudensberg, daughter of WERNER [III] Graf von Gudensberg & his wife --- (-[1066]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Rugger [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         RUGGER [III] (-killed in battle [1124], bur Hasungen).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Graf von Bilstein

-        GRAFEN von BILSTEIN[646]

b)         KUNIGUNDE von Bilstein (-[1130/38]).  Arnold Archbishop of Köln confirmed a donation of property "apud Brubach" [Braubach] by "comitissa quedam Cunigunda…de Bilistein que fuerat uxor Gisonis comitis" to Kloster Siegburg, before her burial there, and the later confirmation by "domnus Ludewicus comes de Thuringia cum uxore sua, filia predicte Cunigunde", by charter dated to [1137/40], witnessed by "…Arnoldus senior de Bilistein…"[647]m ([1096/99]) GISO [IV] von Gudensberg, son of --- (-12 Mar 1122). 

 

 

2.         ARNOLD von Bilstein .  "…Arnoldus senior de Bilistein…" witnessed the charter dated to [1137/40] under which Arnold Archbishop of Köln confirmed a donation of property "apud Brubach" [Braubach] by "comitissa quedam Cunigunda…de Bilistein que fuerat uxor Gisonis comitis"[648].  It is not known whether Arnold was related to Graf Giso.  The fact that he is not accorded the comital title in this document suggests that, if he was Giso´s son, he was not legitimate. 

 

 

1.         WIGGER [V] von BilsteinGraf von Bilsteinm ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Wigger’s wife has not been identified.  Wigger [V] & his wife had children: 

a)         BERTA von Bilstein (-after 1220).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified.  A charter dated 1215 recalls the foundation of Kloster Hayn by "comite Boppone de Reichenbach et ipsius uxore Bertha" and the confirmation by "eorundem nepos…comes Henricus de Cigenhagen…cum uxore sua Bertha liberisque…Wickeri, Henrici, Godefridi, Bopponis, Iutte, Demudis"[649]m HEINRICH Graf von Reichenbach und Ziegenhain, son of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Reichenbach & his wife --- (-after 10 Jun 1219). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  HERREN von BOLANDEN

 

 

The Herrschaft Bolanden was a fief of the archbishopric of Mainz, the family´s original base Altbolanden being located due west of the city of Worms.  The family acquired the Herrschaft Falkenstein (north of Frankfurt-am-Main, between the counties of Nassau to the west, Hanau to the south-east and the Landgrafschaft Hessen to the north) in the early 13th century. 

 

 

1.         WERNER [I] von Bolanden (-before 15 Oct 1135).  "…Ex ministerialibus regni…Werinherus de Bonlande…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Dec 1127 under which Lothar King of Germany granted property in Dreiech to "ministeriali Cuonrado de Hagen…[et] uxori suæ Liuckardi"[650]

 

 

1.         WERNER [II] von Bolanden (-[1198]).  ...Warnerus de Bolandia et filius eius Philippus...” subscribed the charter dated 1172 under which “Ludovicus senior comes de Sarwerden...et frater meus Ludovicus” confirmed the foundation of Wœrschweiler (Wernereswilre) abbey[651]Philipp Archbishop of Köln exchanged property "in Rode" with Kloster Otterberg for property "in villa Boshovesheim", held by "Wernherus de Bolandia", by charter dated 1173, witnessed by "Wernherus de Bolanden eiusdem predii advocatus, comes Emicho de Liningen, Irsutus comes, comes Heinricus de Dietse…"[652]m ---.  The name of Werner´s wife is not known.  Werner [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         PHILIPP [I] von Bolanden (-[1219/25 Mar 1221]).  “...Warnerus de Bolandia et filius eius Philippus...” subscribed the charter dated 1172 under which “Ludovicus senior comes de Sarwerden...et frater meus Ludovicus” confirmed the foundation of Wœrschweiler (Wernereswilre) abbey[653].  "Philippus de Bolandia et domina Beatrix uxor nostra" sold property to Kloster Johanisberg by charter dated 11 Dec 1215, which names "frater noster Wernherus de Bolandia"[654]"Philippus de Bolande" settled a dispute between "Heinricum de Petersheim" and Kloster Ottenberg by charters dated 1217 and 1219[655]m as her first husband, BEATRIX, daughter of GERHARD [I] Wildgraf & his wife Agnes von Wittelsbach (-1240 or after).  "Philippus de Bolandia et domina Beatrix uxor nostra" sold property to Kloster Johanisberg by charter dated 11 Dec 1215, which names "frater noster Wernherus de Bolandia"[656].  She married secondly as his second wife, Dirk [I] Heer van ValkenburgTeodericus de Heinesberch...[cum] uxoris mee Beatricis comitisse Siluestris” restored “allodio...de Bertolueswilre”, which had been renounced by “maritus uxoris mee Ph. et frater eius Wernerus de Bonland”, in favour of Kloster Otterburg by charter dated 1225[657]Philipp [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          PHILIPP von Bolanden (-1277).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.   Herr von Hohenfels. 

-         HERREN von HOHENFELS

ii)         WERNER von Reichenstein (-after 1235).  "Wernherus de Richenstein filius bone memorie Philippi de Bolandia" confirmed a sale of "molendinum…Sizengrube" to Eberbach abbey by charter dated 1235[658]

b)         WERNER [III] von Bolanden (-after 25 Mar 1221)"Philippus de Bolandia et domina Beatrix uxor nostra" sold property to Kloster Johanisberg by charter dated 11 Dec 1215, which names "frater noster Wernherus de Bolandia"[659]"Wernherus de Bolande" settled a dispute between "Syfridus filius Bertolfi rufi de Gerswilre" and Kloster Ottenberg by charter dated 25 Mar 1221[660]m --- von Isenburg, daughter of BRUNO [I] von Isenburg in Braunsberg & his wife Theodora von Wied.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Gesta Arnoldi which records the succession, after the death of "Theoderici…Trevirorum archiepiscopi" in 1242, of "Arnoldus maior prepositus Trevirensis, filius sororis ipsius, de Isenburg oriundus" and in a later passage names "domini de Bolandia ac de Valkinstein, filii sororis dicti maioris prepositi"[661]Werner [III] & his wife had three children: 

i)          WERNER [IV] von Bolanden (-[25 Jul 1258/Mar 1262])"Wernherus de Bolandia…cum fratre meo Philippo" renounced rights over property of Kloster Ottenberg "in Bertolviswilre" by charter dated Jun 1227, witnessed by "…comite Friderico de Liningen, Godelberto de Liningen…"[662]

-         see below

ii)         GUDA von Bolanden (-after 1206).  "W. Ringrauius" confirmed the donation of "de Bopardia…Schindehengist" made to Kloster Weiler by "uxor mea Guda et coheredes eius dominus Wernherus de Bonlanden et frater suus puer de Valkenstein" by charter dated 1206[663]m WOLFRAM Rheingraf, son of --- (-after 27 Mar 1217). 

iii)        PHILIPP von Falkenstein (-[4 Oct 1271/23 Feb 1272])"Wernherus de Bolandia…cum fratre meo Philippo" renounced rights over property of Kloster Ottenberg "in Bertolviswilre" by charter dated Jun 1227, witnessed by "…comite Friderico de Liningen, Godelberto de Liningen…"[664].  "Philippus senior de Valkenstein" confirmed the sale of property at Dörrmoschel by Kloster Ottenberg to "Wolframus et Heinricus…de consensu Demudis et Alheidis uxorum suarum" by charter dated 1233[665]

-         HERREN von FALKENSTEIN

 

 

WERNER [IV] von Bolanden, son of WERNER [III] von Bolanden & his wife --- von Isenburg (-[25 Jul 1258/Mar 1262]).  "Wernherus de Bolandia…cum fratre meo Philippo" renounced rights over property of Kloster Ottenberg "in Bertolviswilre" by charter dated Jun 1227, witnessed by "…comite Friderico de Liningen, Godelberto de Liningen…"[666].  "Wirnherus de Bolandia imperialis aule dapifer et Kunegundis sua collateralis" sold "predium nostrum de Jmzwilre" to "domini nostri Heinrici comitis de Seyn" by charter dated 27 Dec 1236[667]"Wernherus de Bolandia et Philippus de Valkenstein" confirmed sale of revenue from property "in Meckenheim" made to Speyer by charter dated 25 Feb 1243[668]"Wernherus de Bolandia, imperialis aulis dapifer" donated property at Massholderbach to Kloster Otterberg, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Wernheri primogeniti nostri, Philippi, Conradi, Symonis et Agnetis liberorum nostrorum", by charter dated 29 Sep 1252[669]"Wernherus de Bonlandia et Philippus de Valkenstein fratres" granted property to "Wolfino et Gerhardo fratribus de Oberenwaldaffe" by charter dated 5 Feb 1255[670]

m firstly (before 27 Dec 1236) KUNIGUNDE von Leiningen, daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf von Leiningen [Saarbrücken] & his [first] wife [Agnes von Eberstein].  "Wirnherus de Bolandia imperialis aule dapifer et Kunegundis sua collateralis" sold "predium nostrum de Jmzwilre" to "domini nostri Heinrici comitis de Seyn" by charter dated 27 Dec 1236[671]Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 18 Aug 1278 under which her son Friedrich Bishop of Speyer settled disputes with "Fridericum de Liningen comitem avunculum nostrum", in the presence of "Wernheri de Bolandia fratris nostri…"[672]

m secondly IMOGEN [von Merenberg, daughter of KONRAD Herr von Merenberg & his first wife Guda ---].  “Wernherus de Bolandia imperialis aule dapifer” renounced rights in property “in Udenhusen, seu Richartshusen, in Nuendorf, in Berghusen”, donated by “Conradus de Merenberg” for the souls of “sue eiusque uxoris Methildis”, with the consent of “uxoris nostre Imogenis”, by charter dated 5 Jan 1256[673].  The inclusion in this document of Imogen’s consent suggests that she held a direct interest in the property in question.  If that is correct, she may have been Konrad’s daughter, presumably from his first marriage.  In that case, the properties donated may have formed part of her mother’s dowry. 

Werner [IV] & his first wife had eight children: 

1.         HEINRICH von Bolanden (-10 Nov 1286).  "H. de Bolandia…archidiaconus in ecclesia Trevirensi" donated property at Altenbolanden to Kloster Rodenkirchen by charter dated 4 Sep 1280[674]

2.         WERNER [V] von Bolanden (-[18 Oct 1284/1288]).  "Wernherus de Bolandia, imperialis aulis dapifer" donated property at Massholderbach to Kloster Otterberg, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Wernheri primogeniti nostri, Philippi, Conradi, Symonis et Agnetis liberorum nostrorum", by charter dated 29 Sep 1252[675].  "Philippus de Falckenstein, Philippus et Wernherus filii sui, Wernherus et Philippus domini de Bolandia, Gerhardus et Fridericus fratres nostri" renounced action against the city of Mainz started by "Dno Wernhero de Bolandia fratri, patruo et patri nostro" relating to the destruction of "castri in Ingelnheim…[et] in Wissenowe" by charter dated 1259[676]"Wernhero et Friderico fratribus de Bolandia…" witnessed the charter dated 23 Sep 1266 under which Heinrich Bishop of Speyer confirmed the sale of property in Walsheim by "frater noster Emicho et fratruelis noster de Liningen comites"[677].  "…W. et Ph. fratribus de Bolandia…" witnessed the charter dated 1268 under which "Emicho et Fridericus comites de Lyningen…Fridericus comes predictus uxorem meam…Mehtildim" donated property at Walsheim to Speyer[678]"Wernherus de Bolandia imperialis aule dapifer…[et] collateralis nostre Elizabet" sold property at Kallstadt to Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 2 Jan 1270[679].  "Wernherus de Bolandia imperialis aule dapifer et collateralis mea Elizabet" sold property at Gonbach by charter dated 18 Oct 1284[680]m ELISABETH, daughter of ---.  "Wernherus de Bolandia imperialis aule dapifer…[et] collateralis nostre Elizabet" sold property at Kallstadt to Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 2 Jan 1270[681].  "Wernherus et Philippus fratres de Bolandia" recognised the rights of Kloster Otterberg in a mill at Katzweiler by charter dated 21 Aug 1272[682].  "Wernherus de Bolandia imperialis aule dapifer et collateralis mea Elizabet" sold property at Gonbach by charter dated 18 Oct 1284[683].  Werner [IV] & his wife had children: 

a)         KUNIGUNDE von Bolanden (-after 1 Jun 1297).  A charter dated 1 Jun 1297 records the settlement of a dispute between Speyer cathedral and "Heinricum…comitem Geminopontis…et…Otto frater suus nec non coniux sua de Bolandia" concerning passage on the river Rhine[684]m HEINRICH [III] Graf von Zweibrücken, son of SIMON [I] Graf von Zweibrücken & his wife --- von Calw (-after 1 Jun 1297). 

3.         PHILIPP [II] von Bolanden (-19 Jun 1276)"Wernherus de Bolandia, imperialis aulis dapifer" donated property at Massholderbach to Kloster Otterberg, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Wernheri primogeniti nostri, Philippi, Conradi, Symonis et Agnetis liberorum nostrorum", by charter dated 29 Sep 1252[685].  "Philippus de Falckenstein, Philippus et Wernherus filii sui, Wernherus et Philippus domini de Bolandia, Gerhardus et Fridericus fratres nostri" renounced action against the city of Mainz started by "Dno Wernhero de Bolandia fratri, patruo et patri nostro" relating to the destruction of "castri in Ingelnheim…[et] in Wissenowe" by charter dated 1259[686].  "Philippus de Bolandia" freed the property of Kloster Otterberg at Herbisheim, with the consent of "Lukardis collateralis mee", by charter dated 29 Mar 1263[687].  "Wernherus et Sifridus fratres Ringravii…cum Philippo de Bolandia nostro consanguineo" sold property at Rheindürkheim to "Heinrico genero Zeizolfi, civi Wormatiensi" by charter dated 23 Jun 1266[688]"…W. et Ph. fratribus de Bolandia…" witnessed the charter dated 1268 under which "Emicho et Fridericus comites de Lyningen…Fridericus comes predictus uxorem meam…Mehtildim" donated property at Walsheim to Speyer[689]"Wernherus et Philippus fratres de Bolandia" recognised the rights of Kloster Otterberg in a mill at Katzweiler by charter dated 21 Aug 1272[690]m LUKARDIS von Hohenfels, daughter of PHILIPP [I] Herr von Hohenfels & his [second wife Lukardis von Isenburg] (-[1286]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Her name suggests that Lukardis was born from her father’s second marriage.  "Philippus de Bolandia" freed the property of Kloster Otterberg at Herbisheim, with the consent of "Lukardis collateralis mee", by charter dated 29 Mar 1263[691].  "Lukardis relicta…domini Philippi quondam de Bolandis" sold property at Albisheim to "Herdegeno militi de Offenheim", with the consent of "filiorum nostrorum Iohannis et Philippi…infra legitime discretionis annos", by charter dated 2 Nov 1282 which names "Albertum de Schenkenberg, Henricum comitem de Spanheim…generos nostros" as fiduciaries[692]Luggardis relicta nobilis quondam Philippi de Bolandia” donated property “in villa nostra Albesheim” to Zell St Philipp, for the anniversary of “Philippi quondam nostri felicis recordationis mariti”, by charter dated early Feb 1284[693]Philipp [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         LIUTGARD (-18 Mar [1324/25]).  "Lukardis relicta…domini Philippi quondam de Bolandis" sold property at Albisheim to "Herdegeno militi de Offenheim", with the consent of "filiorum nostrorum Iohannis et Philippi…infra legitime discretionis annos", by charter dated 2 Nov 1282 which names "Albertum de Schenkenberg, Henricum comitem de Spanheim…generos nostros" as fiduciaries[694].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   m firstly (before 2 Nov 1282) as his second wife, ALBRECHT von Schenkenberg, illegitimate son of RUDOLF I Duke of Austria, King of Germany [Habsburg] & his mistress Ita --- (-1304 before 6 Jul)m secondly (before 28 Feb 1318) as his first wife, RUDOLF IV Markgraf von Baden-Pforzheim, son of HERMANN VII "Wecker" Markgraf von Baden & his wife Agnes von Truhendingen (-25 Jun 1348, bur Lichtenthal)

b)         KUNIGUNDE (-after 15 Jan 1295).  "Lukardis relicta…domini Philippi quondam de Bolandis" sold property at Albisheim to "Herdegeno militi de Offenheim", with the consent of "filiorum nostrorum Iohannis et Philippi…infra legitime discretionis annos", by charter dated 2 Nov 1282 which names "Albertum de Schenkenberg, Henricum comitem de Spanheim…generos nostros" as fiduciaries[695].  "Heinricus de Spanheim comes et Kunigundis sua collateralis" donated revenue from "villa Albesheim" to Kloster Otterberg, except the part granted to "Friderico comite de Lyningen", by charter dated 24 Feb 1291[696].  "Heinricus de Spanheim ac Kunegundis coniuges" confirmed the donation of property in "ville Albesheim" made to Kloster Otterberg by "pie memorie domina Lukardis de Bolandia socrus nostra" by charter dated 22 Dec 1292[697]m (before Sep 1277) as his first wife, HEINRICH Graf von Sponheim, son of SIMON Graf von Sponheim & his wife Margareta von Hengebach (-1310).  

c)         JOHANN (-[1288]).  "Lukardis relicta…domini Philippi quondam de Bolandis" sold property at Albisheim to "Herdegeno militi de Offenheim", with the consent of "filiorum nostrorum Iohannis et Philippi…infra legitime discretionis annos", by charter dated 2 Nov 1282 which names "Albertum de Schenkenberg, Henricum comitem de Spanheim…generos nostros" as fiduciaries[698]

d)         PHILIPP [III] (-after 4 May 1295).  "Lukardis relicta…domini Philippi quondam de Bolandis" sold property at Albisheim to "Herdegeno militi de Offenheim", with the consent of "filiorum nostrorum Iohannis et Philippi…infra legitime discretionis annos", by charter dated 2 Nov 1282 which names "Albertum de Schenkenberg, Henricum comitem de Spanheim…generos nostros" as fiduciaries[699]Ph. de Bolandia” confirmed the sale of property in Uffenheim by charter dated 4 May 1295[700]

4.         KONRAD von Bolanden (-after 29 Sep 1252).  "Wernherus de Bolandia, imperialis aulis dapifer" donated property at Massholderbach to Kloster Otterberg, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Wernheri primogeniti nostri, Philippi, Conradi, Symonis et Agnetis liberorum nostrorum", by charter dated 29 Sep 1252[701]

5.         SIMON von Bolanden (-after 1267).  "Wernherus de Bolandia, imperialis aulis dapifer" donated property at Massholderbach to Kloster Otterberg, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Wernheri primogeniti nostri, Philippi, Conradi, Symonis et Agnetis liberorum nostrorum", by charter dated 29 Sep 1252[702]

6.         AGNES von Bolanden (-after 1275).  "Wernherus de Bolandia, imperialis aulis dapifer" donated property at Massholderbach to Kloster Otterberg, with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Wernheri primogeniti nostri, Philippi, Conradi, Symonis et Agnetis liberorum nostrorum", by charter dated 29 Sep 1252[703]

7.         GERHARD von Bolanden (-after 1272).  "Ad petitionem…domini Maguntini pie memorie: Gerardum filium domini de Bolandia…" is named in a charter dated 5 Jul 1251 which lists canons at Trier cathedral[704].  "Philippus de Falckenstein, Philippus et Wernherus filii sui, Wernherus et Philippus domini de Bolandia, Gerhardus et Fridericus fratres nostri" renounced action against the city of Mainz started by "Dno Wernhero de Bolandia fratri, patruo et patri nostro" relating to the destruction of "castri in Ingelnheim…[et] in Wissenowe" by charter dated 1259[705]

8.         FRIEDRICH von Bolanden (-28 Jan 1302, bur Eusserthal).  "Philippus de Falckenstein, Philippus et Wernherus filii sui, Wernherus et Philippus domini de Bolandia, Gerhardus et Fridericus fratres nostri" renounced action against the city of Mainz started by "Dno Wernhero de Bolandia fratri, patruo et patri nostro" relating to the destruction of "castri in Ingelnheim…[et] in Wissenowe" by charter dated 1259[706]"Wernhero et Friderico fratribus de Bolandia…" witnessed the charter dated 23 Sep 1266 under which Heinrich Bishop of Speyer confirmed the sale of property in Walsheim by "frater noster Emicho et fratruelis noster de Liningen comites"[707]Bishop of Speyer 1272.  Friedrich Bishop of Speyer settled disputes with "Fridericum de Liningen comitem avunculum nostrum", in the presence of "Wernheri de Bolandia fratris nostri…", by charter dated 18 Aug 1278[708]

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the precise relationships between the following individuals and the Bolanden family shown above have not been identified.  The different possibilities are discussed below. 

 

1.         WERNER von Bolanden (-after 20 Jul 1323).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  Werner could have been another son of Philipp [II] von Bolanden, the son of Philipp [III] (less likely considering that he is called “Oheim” of Otto von Bruchsal Herr von Bolanden in the 15 Mar 1304 charter quoted below), or the descendant of one of the younger brothers of Philipp [II] who are named below.  Provost at St. Victor, canon at Mainz: “Wernherus de Bolandia...præpositus ecclesiæ sancti Victoris canonicus Maguntinus” consented to the integration of “ecclesiam in Alsenzem” with Otterburg monastery by charter dated 1 Dec 1303[709].  “Otto herre fon Bolandin” donated property at “Ossinheim” to Syon monastery, naming “hern Wernhers des Probistis fon Bolandia minis oheymis”, by charter dated 15 Mar 1304[710].  “Wernherus de Bolandia...prepositus ecclesie S. Victoris canonicus Magunt.” consented to the unification of “ecclesiam in Ussenhem” by charter dated 20 Jul 1323[711]

 

2.         [--- von Bolanden .  No primary source which confirms the existence of this person has been identified, but the marriage of the Bolanden heiress with the father of Otto von Bruchsal (see below) provides the most likely explanation for his inheritance of Bolanden.  If that is correct, she could have been the sister of Werner, provost of St. Victor, shown above, or a more remote relative who was the senior representative of the family.  It should be noted that Otto names Provost Werner as his “Oheim” in the 8 Sep 1305 charter quoted below.  While the term in its strict sense indicates “uncle”, numerous examples have been found where it indicated an older male relative either from the preceding or even the same generation.  m --- von Bruchsal, son of ---.] 

 

 

The primary source which confirms the parentage of Otto von Bruchsal has not been identified.  The most likely possibility is that his mother was heiress of Bolanden, as suggested above. 

 

1.         OTTO von Bruchsal (-[1309/16]).  Herr von Bolanden.  Otto herre fon Bolandin” donated property at “Ossinheim” to Syon monastery, naming “hern Wernhers des Probistis fon Bolandia minis oheymis”, by charter dated 15 Mar 1304[712].  “Otto von Brusel und eyn herre zu Bolanden” exchanged property with “Herburd fon Dalsheim” by charter dated 8 Sep 1305[713]m (before Feb 1308) LORETTA Raugräfin, daughter of GEORG [I] Raugraf von Stolzenburg & his wife Margareta von Daun (-after 5 Jul 1332).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the following document: “Otto de Brussella et dominus de Bolandia imperialis aule dapifer” waived the debt from “Martinus Lumbardus residens in Kirberg” by charter dated [end Feb/early Mar] 1308, sealed by “Georgii Rugravii soceri mei et Sifridi militis de Lewinstein[714].  “Loretta relicta, Phylippus et Otto filii et heredes quondam Ottonis domini in Bolandia pie memorie” granted property to “Herbordum doctum Suzman de Ebernsheim armigerum” by charter dated 13 Dec 1325[715].  “Frauwe Lorette von Bolandin”, widow of “Her Otto von Bruzil unde auch von Bolandin”, donated property to Mainz St Alban, with “juncherre Otto der alste...mine geschwisterde alle” consenting to the donation of “unser muder”, by charter dated 5 Jul 1332[716].  Otto & his wife had children: 

a)         PHILIPP von Bolanden (-after 29 Nov 1362).  “Loretta relicta, Phylippus et Otto filii et heredes quondam Ottonis domini in Bolandia pie memorie” granted property to “Herbordum doctum Suzman de Ebernsheim armigerum” by charter dated 13 Dec 1325[717].  Herr von Bolanden.  Herr von Altenbaumburg (a share in which Philipp presumably inherited from his mother’s family): Conrat von Bolanden pastor zu Aldensiemern” donated “dyesme...zu Kumeden” to Altensimmern church, with the consent of “mynes...bruders hern Philips von Bolanden hern zu Aldenbeymberg”, by charter dated 29 Nov 1362[718]

b)         OTTO von Bolanden .  “Loretta relicta, Phylippus et Otto filii et heredes quondam Ottonis domini in Bolandia pie memorie” granted property to “Herbordum doctum Suzman de Ebernsheim armigerum” by charter dated 13 Dec 1325[719].  “Frauwe Lorette von Bolandin”, widow of “Her Otto von Bruzil unde auch von Bolandin”, donated property to Mainz St Alban, with “juncherre Otto der alste...mine geschwisterde alle” consenting to the donation of “unser muder”, by charter dated 5 Jul 1332[720]

c)         children .  An unsepcified number of other children are referred to in the 5 Jul 1332 charter quoted above. 

d)         KONRAD von Bolanden (-after 29 Nov 1362).  Conrat von Bolanden pastor zu Aldensiemern” donated “dyesme...zu Kumeden” to Altensimmern church, with the consent of “mynes...bruders hern Philips von Bolanden hern zu Aldenbeymberg”, by charter dated 29 Nov 1362[721]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  GRAFEN von CASTELL

 

 

The county of Castell lay east of Würzburg in the south-eastern part of Franconia, in the Steigerwald area within the present-day Oberfranken region in the north-east of Bavaria.  An early reference to Castell is found in an undated manuscript records that "Burchardus" destoyed “sue oppidum Kamberc” and founded Kloster Comburg there “in loco qui iuxta Mogontiam Castellum dicitur”, probably dated to the mid-11th century[722].  Primary sources for the Castell family were published by Wittmann in the late 19th century[723]

 

 

1.         RUPRECHT [I] von Castell (-after 10 Aug 1091).  "Bruno abbas Amarbacensis, Bruno comes, Rupreth de Castello…" witnessed the charter dated 10 Aug 1091 under which Emehard Bishop of Würzburg exchanged property with “duos fratres liberos Winitherum et Richizonem[724]

 

2.         RUPRECHT [II] von Castell (-before Jul 1149).  “...Rubbrehd et duo filii eius Rubbrechd et Hermann...” witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which Embricho Bishjop of Würzburg settled a dispute involving Neumünster[725]"…Rupertus de Castele et filii eius Rupertus et Heriman…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Feb 1139 under which Embrico Bishop of Würzburg granted protection to Kloster Schönrein[726].  “Laici: Goteboldus burgravius, Boppo filius suus, Ludovicus de Franckenstein, Goteboldus de Hennenberg, Giso de Hildenburg, Rupertus de Castel...” witnessed the charter dated 1140 under which Embricho Bishop of Würzburg founded Würzburg St. Jakob[727]"…Rubertus de Castello et filii eius…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Mar 1145 under which Embricho Bishop of Würzburg exchanged property with "Popo comes"[728]m ---.  The name of Ruprecht´s wife is not known.  Ruprecht & his wife had three children: 

a)         RUPRECHT [III] von Castell .  “...Rubbrehd et duo filii eius Rubbrechd et Hermann...” witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which Embricho Bishjop of Würzburg settled a dispute involving Neumünster[729]"…Rupertus de Castele et filii eius Rupertus et Heriman…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Feb 1139 under which Embrico Bishop of Würzburg granted protection to Kloster Schönrein[730]...Rubertus de Castello et fratres eius Hermannus et Adelbertus...” witnessed the charter dated end Jul 1149 under which Konrad III King of Germany confirmed an exchange between Kloster Ebrach and Kloster St. Kilian at Würzburg[731].  “...Rubertus de Castello...” witnessed numerous charters alone dated between 1156 and 1200[732].  None of the documents provide any indication which may have been witnessed by Ruprecht [III] or Ruprecht [IV] (see below), resulting in the impossibility of assessing Ruprecht [III]’s date of death with any hope of accuracy on the basis of information available. 

b)         HERMANN von Castell (-after Jul 1149).  ...Rubbrehd et duo filii eius Rubbrechd et Hermann...” witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which Embricho Bishjop of Würzburg settled a dispute involving Neumünster[733]"…Rupertus de Castele et filii eius Rupertus et Heriman…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Feb 1139 under which Embrico Bishop of Würzburg granted protection to Kloster Schönrein[734]...Rubertus de Castello et fratres eius Hermannus et Adelbertus...” witnessed the charter dated end Jul 1149 under which Konrad III King of Germany confirmed an exchange between Kloster Ebrach and Kloster St. Kilian at Würzburg[735]

c)         ADALBERT von Castell (-after Jul 1149).  “...Rubertus de Castello et fratres eius Hermannus et Adelbertus...” witnessed the charter dated end Jul 1149 under which Konrad III King of Germany confirmed an exchange between Kloster Ebrach and Kloster St. Kilian at Würzburg[736]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         RUPRECHT [IV] von Castell (-[18 Nov 1234/1235]).  Graf von Castell.  [“...Boppo comes de Wertheim, Robertus comes de Castelle, Robertus de Durne, Diepoldus de Luchenberg, Conradus de Rotenburg, et Conradus de Stolberg...” witnessed the charter dated 16 Jul [1191/97] under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed “cœnobio...in Schwobach” to “fratrum...Ebracensium[737]Rubertus de Castello...Boppo comes de Wertheim...Conradus de Stolberg et fratres eius Henricus et Ludovicus” witnessed the charter dated 15 Mar 1201 under which Philipp King of Germany confirmed the privileges of Kloster Ebrach over Schwabach[738]It is not known whether these documents refer to Ruprecht [IV] or Ruprecht [III] (see above).]  "Walterus de Langenberc" sold property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 1226 witnessed by "Rupertus comes de Castele…"[739].  "…Rupertus et Ludewicus fratres et comites de Kastel, Fridericus de Truhendingen, Gerlacus de Butingen, Gotfridus et Cunradus fratres de Hohenloch…" witnessed the charter dated 29 Jan 1227 under which Heinrich VII King of Germany confirmed a sale of property to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim made by "Heinricus vir nobilis de Egersperge"[740]“...Rupertus de Kastele...” witnessed a charter of Heinrich VII King of Germany dated 18 Nov 1234[741].  He was presumably deceased in 1235, the date of his son Friedrich’s charter quoted below.  m HEDWIG, daughter of --- (-after 1240).  Rubbertus de Castele” renounced rights over property of Kloster Ebrach, at the request of “Hedewigis uxoris sue”, by charter dated 23 May 1225[742].  “Fridericus comes de Castela...matris nostre Hedewigis” consented to a property transaction of Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 1240[743]Ruprecht [IV] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         HEINRICH von Castell (-[before 1235]).  He is named in his brother’s 1235 charter quoted below as having consented to their father’s transfer.  This suggests that Heinrich may have been their father’s oldest son and heir, presumably died before his brother’s confirmation. 

b)         FRIEDRICH [I] von Castell (-[1251/5 Sep 1253])Graf von CastellFridericus comes de Castele” confirmed the transfer by “patris nostri et matris...fratris...nostri Heinrici assensu” of “advocatia nostra in Caldenhusin” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 1235[744].  “Fridericus comes de Castela...matris nostre Hedewigis” consented to a property transaction of Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 1240[745].  “Hermannus comes de Hennenberch” protected the church of Bamberg, excepting against “episcopo Herbipolensi et fratre suo comite Henrico de Hennenberch et sororio suo Friderico comite de Kastel...”, by charter dated Sep 1249[746].  “Fridericus comes de Chastel et uxor sua domina Bertha dicta de Hennenberc” sold “bona sua in Stammheim” to five named knights in Würzburg by charter dated 10 Apr 1250[747].  Hermann Bishop of Würzburg confirmed that “Friderico...comite de Kastele” had sold property “in Biebelrieht” to the Knights of St John in Würzburg by charter dated Mar 1251[748]m BERTHA von Henneberg, daughter of POPPO [VII] Graf von Henneberg & his first wife Elisabeth ---.  “Fridericus comes de Chastel et uxor sua domina Bertha dicta de Hennenberc” sold “bona sua in Stammheim” to five named knights in Würzburg by charter dated 10 Apr 1250[749].  “Bertha comitissa, Fridericus, Heinricus et Hermannus fratres de Kastele” confirmed a donation to Ebrach made by “Albertus de Ostheim...” by charter dated 5 Sep 1253[750].  “Bertha comitissa de Castele cum Friderico et Hermanno comitibus filius suis” donated property “in Svebeheim” to “monasterio Ebracensi”, for the salvation of “mariti Friderici quondam comitis”, by charter dated 1254[751].  Friedrich [I] & his wife had four children: 

i)          FRIEDRICH [II] von Castell (-[8 May 1255/2 Jan 1257]).  Graf von Castell.  “Bertha comitissa, Fridericus, Heinricus et Hermannus fratres de Kastele” confirmed a donation to Ebrach made by “Albertus de Ostheim...” by charter dated 5 Sep 1253[752].  “Bertha comitissa de Castele cum Friderico et Hermanno comitibus filius suis” donated property “in Svebeheim” to “monasterio Ebracensi”, for the salvation of “mariti Friderici quondam comitis”, by charter dated 1254[753].  “Fridricus comes de Castel” renounced “de vineto suo in Isensheim...iure advocacie” in favour of Bamberg St Stephan, at the request of “domino preposito majoris ecclesie Bambergensis”, by charter dated 8 May 1255[754].  It appears likely that Friedrich died before 2 Jan 1257, the date of his brothers’ charter quoted below.  The charter dated to [1258] also makes it clear that the Castell territories were at that time divided between two brothers only. 

ii)         HEINRICH [I] von Castell (-[18 Mar 1307/1308]).  “Bertha comitissa, Fridericus, Heinricus et Hermannus fratres de Kastele” confirmed a donation to Ebrach made by “Albertus de Ostheim...” by charter dated 5 Sep 1253[755]Graf von Castell.  “Heinrici et Hermanni comitum de Kastele ne non avunculi ipsorum Heinrici comitis de Hennenberc consensu” bought vines “in monte Huswerde” from Ebera monastery by charter dated 2 Jan 1257[756]

-         see below

iii)        HERMANN von Castell (-after May 1271).  “Bertha comitissa, Fridericus, Heinricus et Hermannus fratres de Kastele” confirmed a donation to Ebrach made by “Albertus de Ostheim...” by charter dated 5 Sep 1253[757]Graf von Castell.  “Bertha comitissa de Castele cum Friderico et Hermanno comitibus filius suis” donated property “in Svebeheim” to “monasterio Ebracensi”, for the salvation of “mariti Friderici quondam comitis”, by charter dated 1254[758]

-         see below.    

iv)       HEDWIG von Castell (-after 27 Oct 1291).  “Godefridus comes de Cygenhain...manu uxoris nostre H. dicte de Castele” sold property to Knights of St. John at Nidda by charter dated 10 Feb 1270[759].  Johann Abbot of Hersfeld granted “advocatiam villarum in Wara et in Langendorf”, at the request of “comitis Godfridi de Rychenbach”, to “nobili matrone Hedewigi comitisse relicte comitis Godefredi pie memorie de Cygenhain suisque pueris” by charter dated 14 Jan 1273 (presumably O.S.)[760]"Fridericus de Slithese" swore allegiance to "nobilem dominam meam Hedew. cometissam relictam God. pie memoriæ de Cygenh. et Gotfridum domicellum meum filium eiusdem" by charter dated 1 Jun 1276[761].  "Hedevigis comitissa de Zigenhagen et Gotfridus filius eius" sold Burg Bütthard to "domino Kraftoni et domino Cunrado filio suo de Hohenloch" by charter dated 27 Oct 1291[762]m GOTTFRIED [V] Graf von Ziegenhain, son of BERTHOLD Graf von Ziegenhain & his wife Eilika von Tecklenburg (-[11 Mar 1271/6 Oct 1273]). 

c)         [MARQUARD von Castell .  “Marquardus de Kastele” canon at Würzburg witnessed a charter dated 13 Apr 1228[763].  “...Marquardus de Kastele...” witnessed a charter dated 3 Jun 1237, “Marquardus prepositus in Onoldisbach” a charter dated May 1240, and “M. de Castel arcidiaconus maioris ecclesie” a charter dated 17 Oct 1242[764].  No indication has been found about Marquard’s parentage but the chronology suggests  that he could have been the son of Ruprecht [IV].  Archdeacon of Würzburg.  Provost of Bamberg.  “Fridricus comes de Castel” renounced “de vineto suo in Isensheim...iure advocacie” in favour of Bamberg St Stephan, at the request of “domino preposito majoris ecclesie Bambergensis”, by charter dated 8 May 1255[765].] 

2.         LUDWIG von Castell (-after 29 Jan 1227).  Graf von Castell.  "…Ludewicus comes de Castello…" witnessed the charter dated 6 Nov 1226 under which Heinrich VII King of Germany confirmed property of Kloster Weissenau[766].  "…Rupertus et Ludewicus fratres et comites de Kastel, Fridericus de Truhendingen, Gerlacus de Butingen, Gotfridus et Cunradus fratres de Hohenloch…" witnessed the charter dated 29 Jan 1227 under which Heinrich VII King of Germany confirmed a sale of property to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim made by "Heinricus vir nobilis de Egersperge"[767]

 

 

HEINRICH [I] von Castell, son of FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Castell & his wife Bertha von Henneberg (-[18 Mar 1307/1308])Bertha comitissa, Fridericus, Heinricus et Hermannus fratres de Kastele” confirmed a donation to Ebrach made by “Albertus de Ostheim...” by charter dated 5 Sep 1253[768]Graf von Castell.  “Heinrici et Hermanni comitum de Kastele ne non avunculi ipsorum Heinrici comitis de Hennenberc consensu” bought vines “in monte Huswerde” from Ebera monastery by charter dated 2 Jan 1257[769].  “Heinricus comes de Castele” donated “dimidium mansum in marchia ville Gerbrünne” to Kloster Halsprunne by charter dated 17 Mar 1307[770].  He died before 1308, the date of the charter quoted below in which his sons Ruprecht and Hermann are named as Grafen von Castell. 

m firstly (Papal dispensation 15 Jul 1260) SOPHIA von Oettingen, daughter of LUDWIG [III] Graf von Oettingen & his first wife --- von Burgau (-[1270]).  Heinricus et Hermannus nobiles de Castele”, acting through “dominarum Sophiæ et Sophiæ uxorem suarum”, sold “decimam in villa Ergeshem” to the Knights of St. John by charter dated 13 Feb 1265[771]

m secondly (before 25 Mar 1273) ADELHEID von Nürnberg, daughter of FRIEDRICH III Burggraf von Nürnberg & his first wife Elisabeth von Andechs-Merano (-30 May [1307]).  Heinricus...comes de Kastele et...matrona eius Adelheidis” sold property “in Rudenhusen” to the Knights of St John by charter dated 25 Mar 1273[772]Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated 24 Dec 1274 under which Fridericus...burggravius senior de Nuremberch” granted “mansionem castrensem in villa nostra Werth” to “Hermanno et Sifrido cognomine Ebener civibus in Nurenberch”, witnessed by “Nobiles viri Ludwicus comes de Otingen, Hainricus comes de Chastel filii nostri...[773].  Berthold Bishop of Bamberg confirmed that "avunculus noster comes Henricus de Kastel et uxor sua Adelhedis matertera nostra" renounced their rights in the property of "avunculi nostri Friderici Burgravii de Nurenberch" and promised not to sell "castra Kastel…et Halleberch" without the permission of "Fr[iderici] de Nurenberch Burgravii soceri sui" by charter dated 1 Sep 1283[774]

Heinrich [I] & his [first/second] wife had [eight] children: 

1.         BERTHOLD von Castell (-after 26 May 1293).  Heinricus...comes de Kastile...collateralis nostre...Adilheidis...Bertholdus filius noster” sold “pratum...in marchia ville Bebindorf” to the Knights of St. John at Würzburg by charter dated 26 May 1293[775]

2.         [son (-before 30 May 1306).  The primary source which identifies Guta’s husband has not been identified.  Presumably he was one of the other sons of Heinrich [I] named in this section.  It is assumed that Guta was a widow at the time of the 30 May 1306 charter quoted below, although this is not specified in the document.  m JUTTA von Weilnau, daughter of --- (-after 30 May 1306).  “Heinricus...comes de Castel et Alheidis nostra conthoralis” sold property, previously held by “nurus nostra...Gutha dicta de Wilnawe”, to the Knights of St John at Würzburg by charter dated 30 May 1306[776].] 

3.         FRIEDRICH von Castell (-after 27 Jan 1293).  Teutonic Knight at Würzburg: “Heinricus comes de Castris cum Alheide consorte thori nostri” donated property to the Teutonic Knights at Würzburg by charter dated 27 Jan 1293, witnessed by “fratres Fridericus de Castris filius noster...[777]

4.         KONRAD von Castell (-[10 Jun 1301/1308]).  “Fridericus comes de Kastel et Willibirgis...coniuges” sold “silvam...iuxta villam Vare dictam Urlass” to Ebrach by charter dated 10 Jun 1301, witnessed by “dominus Hayn[ricus] comes de Kastel senior; Chun[radus] et Rupertus filii sui[778]

5.         HEDWIG von Castell (-after 1331).  “Albreht der edle von Hohenloch genant von Meckemüle und...Hedewik von Kastele genant unser...wirtin” sold property “in dem dorfe ze Birclingen” to the Teutonic Knights in Nürnberg by charter dated 4 Jul 1316[779].  “Herman...greve ze Kastel und...Margrethe unser...wirtin” sold “unser dorf Füterse” to Kloster Ebrach, with the consent of “unsers...bruderz greven Heinrichz der comentur ze Bybelrieth...und unserz...swagers...Albrehtez von Hohenloch und...Hedewige unserr...swester sinr...wirtin”, by charter dated 9 Aug 1317[780]m ALBRECHT von Hohenlohe-Möckmühl, son of ALBRECHT [I] von Hohenlohe & his [second wife Udelhild ---] (-1338). 

6.         RUPRECHT [V] von Castell (-[29 Sep 1314/13 Mar 1315]).  “Fridericus comes de Kastel et Willibirgis...coniuges” sold “silvam...iuxta villam Vare dictam Urlass” to Ebrach by charter dated 10 Jun 1301, witnessed by “dominus Hayn[ricus] comes de Kastel senior; Chun[radus] et Rupertus filii sui[781].  “Fridericus, Rupertus et Hermannus...comites de Kastel” donated property to Ebrach at the request of “quondam Friderici militis de Spiezheim” by charter dated 1308[782].  “Graf Ruprecht von Chastel und mein hausvrauwe...Wendel und ier tochter vrawe Anna” renounced rights over “die vogtay auf dem Remsnich” donated to Kloster St. Paul in Styria by “Offe von Emmerberch”, by charter dated 12/14 Jul 1311[783].  “Rupertus et Hermannus...comites de Kastel” confirmed that “frater noster frater Heinricus ordinis fratrum sancti Joannis hospitalensium” had sold “mansum in villa superiori Volckach” to Kloster St Mark near Würzburg by charter dated 29 Sep 1314[784].  He is named as deceased in the 13 Mar 1314 (presumably O.S.) charter which names his brother Hermann, quoted below.  m as her second husband, WENDELA, daughter of --- (-[before 1 May 1322]).  Her two marriages are indicated by the following document: “Graf Ruprecht von Chastel und mein hausvrauwe...Wendel und ier tochter vrawe Anna” renounced rights over “die vogtay auf dem Remsnich” [Remschnigg bei Mahrenberg] donated to Kloster St. Paul in Styria by “Offe von Emmerberch”, by charter dated 12/14 Jul 1311, sealed by “grafen Hainreich von Hohenloch und seiner hausvrauwen...Elspeten...Fridreich...von Heunenburch [Heunberg]...[785].  Remschnigg is named in a charter of Friedrich Archbishop of Salzburg dated 13 Apr 1280[786].  Unfortunately the earlier document provides no further details of families involved in the donations recorded, but the two documents together suggest that Wendel’s family originated in Styria/Carinthia.  A connection with the Grafen von Heunberg is suggested by the seals to the 12/14 Jul 1311 document, as well as the 1 May 1322 charter quoted below.  The latter document suggests that Wendela was deceased at the time, her daughter being cared for by her Hohenlohe/Heunberg relatives.  Ruprecht [V] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADELHEID von Castell (-after 1 May 1322).  Nun at Marnberg: “Hainreich von Hohenloch und mein wirtin grevin Elspet” donated property for “unser...mümen swester Alhaiten graf Ruprehten tochter von Chastel, die da got dient datz Merenberch in dem chloster” by charter dated 1 May 1322[787]

7.         HERMANN von Castell (-before 30 Mar 1331).  There are contradictory indications regarding the identity of Hermann’s mother.  His relationship with the Nürnberg family of his father’s second wife is indicated by the 11 Nov 1321 charter quoted below and by the 29 Jun 1334 marriage contract of his daughter Agnes (see below).  On the other hand, Hermann’s relationship with the Oettingen family of his father’s first wife is indicated by the second charter dated 24 Jul 1321.  The 1 Sep 1322 charter quoted below indicates that Hermann was younger than his first cousin Friedrich [IV].  Graf von Castell.  “Fridericus, Rupertus et Hermannus...comites de Kastel” donated property to Ebrach at the request of “quondam Friderici militis de Spiezheim” by charter dated 1308[788].  “Hainrich von Hohenloch und...grefinne Elsebete des vorgenanten herren...husfrauwe” guaranteed property “ze Volkach” to “unser...oheim grave Hermanne von Kastel und unser...muem grefin Margrete sin...wirtin”, inherited after “ir brueder toede graven Rueprehtes von Kastel”, by charter dated 13 Mar 1314[789].  Hermann’s family relationship with Heinrich Graf von Hohenlohe has not been ascertained, but the inclusion of both Heinrich’s and Hermann’s wives in this document suggests a relationship between the two women.  “Rupertus et Hermannus...comites de Kastel” confirmed that “frater noster frater Heinricus ordinis fratrum sancti Joannis hospitalensium” had sold “mansum in villa superiori Volckach” to Kloster St Mark near Würzburg by charter dated 29 Sep 1314[790].  “Groue Hermann von Kastel” confirmed his friendship with “Heinrichen von Hohenloch und siner...Wirtin Elsebeten”, in the presence of “...Burgrauen Friderichen von Nurenberch sinem...Oheim”, with the consent of “frawen Margereten siner...wirtin”, by charter dated 5 May 1318[791].  “Graue Hermann von Kastel udn Margret Greuinne ze Kastel” swore allegiance to “Burcgrave Fridrich ze Nurenberg” by charter dated 24 Jul 1321[792].  “Ludwig grave ze Otinge” noted that “grave Herman von Kastel unser...oheim” had requested assurances relating to the previous charter, by a second charter dated 24 Jul 1321[793].  Graf Hermann named “purcgraqve Friderich ze Nurenberg unsern oheim” in a charter dated 11 Nov 1321[794].  He is named as deceased in a charter dated 30 Mar 1331[795]m (before 13 Mar 1314) MARGARETA von Burgau, daughter of HEINRICH [VI] Markgraf von Burgau & his wife Margareta von Hohenberg (-after 1 Sep 1322).  “Hainrich von Hohenloch und...grefinne Elsebete des vorgenanten herren...husfrauwe” guaranteed property “ze Volkach” to “unser...oheim grave Hermanne von Kastel und unser...muem grefin Margrete sin...wirtin” by charter dated 13 Mar 1314[796]Margareta’s family origin is confirmed by the 1 Sep 1322 charter quoted below.  Although the source which confirms her precise parentage has not been identified, the chronology indicates that she was the daughter of Markgraf Heinrich [VI].  Groue Hermann von Kastel” confirmed his friendship with “Heinrichen von Hohenloch und siner...Wirtin Elsebeten”, in the presence of “...Burgrauen Friderichen von Nurenberch sinem...Oheim”, with the consent of “frawen Margereten siner...wirtin”, by charter dated 5 May 1318[797].  “Graue Hermann von Kastel udn Margret Greuinne ze Kastel” swore allegiance to “Burcgrave Fridrich ze Nurenberg” by charter dated 24 Jul 1321[798].  “Grave Friderich der elter und grave Herman der junger von Castel...gesammeter...unser...frawen...Elsebeten von Norrenberg und...Margareten von Burgawe” confirmed property by charter dated 1 Sep 1322[799].  Hermann & his wife had one child: 

a)         AGNES von Castell (-after 14 Sep 1365).  The marriage contract between “Gotfrit von Hohenloch von Brunegge genant und...Margret unser...wirttein...unserm sun Gotfriden” and “burggraven Johansen von Nuremberch...sein mumen vrowen Agnesen graven Hermannis seligen tohter von Kasttel” is dated 29 Jun 1334, in the presence of “unser...freunt hern Albreht von Hohenloch tumbrobst, Emchen unsern bruder, Andres von Brunecge unsern vetern tumherren ze Wirczburck, Albrehten von Hohenloch von Mecgenmul genant, Craften und Ludwigen von Hohenloch, unsern vetern, graven Herman von Kasttel unser swestter sun...[800].  “Gotfrit von Hohenloch von Brunegke genannt und Agnes seine Hausfrau geborne Gräfin von Kastel” confirmed donations to Kloster Frauenthal made by “Albrecht von Hohenloch Bischof zu Würzburg” by charter dated 14 Sep 1365[801]m (contract 29 Jun 1334) GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe Herr von Brauneck, son of GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe Herr von Brauneck & his wife --- (-[1367/68]). 

8.         HEINRICH von Castell (-after 4 Jun 1319).  Heinrich was presumably a younger brother of Hermann.  If that is correct, he was probably born from the same marriage of his father, the difficulty in identifying their mother being discussed above under Hermann.  Knight Hospitaller: “Rupertus et Hermannus...comites de Kastel” confirmed that “frater noster frater Heinricus ordinis fratrum sancti Joannis hospitalensium” had sold “mansum in villa superiori Volckach” to Kloster St Mark near Würzburg by charter dated 29 Sep 1314[802].  Komtur of the Knights Hospitaller at Bybelrieth: “Herman...greve ze Kastel und...Margrethe unser...wirtin” sold “unser dorf Füterse” to Kloster Ebrach, with the consent of “unsers...bruderz greven Heinrichz der comentur ze Bybelrieth...und unserz...swagers...Albrehtez von Hohenloch und...Hedewige unserr...swester sinr...wirtin”, by charter dated 9 Aug 1317[803].  Komtur at Erdlingen: “Bruder Heinrich geheizzen von Kastel commendur ze Airningen...” sold property to Kloster Zimmern by charter dated 4 Jun 1319[804]

 

 

HERMANN von Castell, son of FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Castell & his wife Bertha von Henneberg (-after May 1271).  “Bertha comitissa, Fridericus, Heinricus et Hermannus fratres de Kastele” confirmed a donation to Ebrach made by “Albertus de Ostheim...” by charter dated 5 Sep 1253[805]Graf von Castell.  “Bertha comitissa de Castele cum Friderico et Hermanno comitibus filius suis” donated property “in Svebeheim” to “monasterio Ebracensi”, for the salvation of “mariti Friderici quondam comitis”, by charter dated 1254[806].  A charter dated to [1258] records the division of territories agreed between “fratrum comitem de Castele”, specifying the division between “senior comes...juniorio comiti[807].  “Hermannus comes junior de Castele et uxor mea Sophya” sold “Schalkevelt” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 26 Mar 1268[808].  “Heinricus et Hermannus fratres comites de Castel” donated “ius patronatus parochiæ in Herelheim” to Kloster Meidebrunnen by charter dated 3/9 May 1271[809].  Hermann is not named in later charters in Wittmann’s compilation so presumably died soon after this date. 

m (before 21 Jul 1264) SOPHIE von Wildberg, daughter of MANGOLD Graf von Wildberg & his wife --- (-after 26 Mar 1268).  Her parentage is indicated by the following document: “Sophie comitisse de Kastel, Adelheidis uxoris viri nobilis Cunradi de Trimperch et Agnetis, filiarum suarum” assisted in a charter dated 21 Jul 1264 under which Iring Bishop of Würzburg received property “in Hagenbuch” from “Graf Manegold von Wilperch[810].  “Heinricus et Hermannus nobiles de Castele”, acting through “dominarum Sophiæ et Sophiæ uxorem suarum”, sold “decimam in villa Ergeshem” to the Knights of St. John by charter dated 13 Feb 1265[811].  “Hermannus comes junior de Castele et uxor mea Sophya” sold “Schalkevelt” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 26 Mar 1268[812]

Hermann & his wife had two children: 

1.         FRIEDRICH [IV] von Castell (-before 28 Aug 1350).  His parentage is indicated by the 18 Apr 1293 charter quoted below.  Graf von Castell.  “Fridericus comes de Kastele...Wilbirgis coniugis nostre” confirmed the sale of property “in villa Oppherbein” to Kloster Himmelspforten by charter dated 1 May 1289[813].  “Fridericus...comes de Castris”, with the consent of “Willewirgis thori nostri consortis”, confirmed the donation of property “in Santpach” to the Teutonic Knights at Würzberg made by “avunculi nostri fratris Gotfridi de Hohenloch”, naming “patruus noster...Heinricus comes de Castris”, by charter dated 18 Apr 1293[814].  “Fridericus, Rupertus et Hermannus...comites de Kastel” donated property to Ebrach at the request of “quondam Friderici militis de Spiezheim” by charter dated 1308[815].  “Fridericus...comes de Castel...cum filiis nostris Hermanno et Friderico” donated property “in Wisentheide...[et] in villa Abbtswinden” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 19 Aug 1311[816].  “Grave Friderich der elter und grave Herman der junger von Castel...gesammeter...unser...frawen...Elsebeten von Norrenberg und...Margareten von Burgawe” confirmed property by charter dated 1 Sep 1322[817]"Graf Friedrich von Castell und seine Gattin Elisabeth" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem, with the consent of "Friderici canonici ecclesie Babenbergensis, Hermanni et Elizabeth, nostrorum liberorum nostri Friderici predicti habitorum cum Wildeberg de Brunecke priore nostra conthorali", by charter dated 21 Feb 1326[818]Grave Fridrich von Castel der alte und graf Fridrich undr sun thumherre ze Babenberg” confirmed that “unserr...swager und oheim Gotfrit von Brunecke” had redeemed property, by charter dated 5 Jul 1340[819].  He is named as deceased in his son¡s 28 Aug 1350 charter quoted below.  m firstly (before 1 May 1289) WILLIBIRG von Brauneck, daughter of GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe Herr von Brauneck & his first wife Willibirg ---.  “Fridericus comes de Kastele...Wilbirgis coniugis nostre” confirmed the sale of property “in villa Oppherbein” to Kloster Himmelspforten by charter dated 1 May 1289[820]"Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[821]m secondly ELISABETH von Norrenberg, daughter of --- (-after 16 Apr 1357).  Grave Friderich der elter und grave Herman der junger von Castel...gesammeter... unser...frawen...Elsebeten von Norrenberg und...Margareten von Burgawe” confirmed property by charter dated 1 Sep 1322[822]"Graf Friedrich von Castell und seine Gattin Elisabeth" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem, with the consent of "Friderici canonici ecclesie Babenbergensis, Hermanni et Elizabeth, nostrorum liberorum nostri Friderici predicti habitorum cum Wildeberg de Brunecke priore nostra conthorali", by charter dated 21 Feb 1326[823]Elsbeth grefin zu Kastel” granted property to “grafen Frideriche von Kastel unserm sune...unserm jüngern sune graffen Peter von Kastel”, in return for promised dower rights after the death of “unser herre graff Friderich von Kastel de alte”, by charter dated 1 Feb 1342[824].  “Elsbeth grafen Frideriches von Kastel seligen...frauwe” granted property to “unser sun graf Friderich von Kastel” by charter dated 5 May 1356[825].  “Elzbeth graven Friderichs seligen von Kastel...wirtin” confirmed property to “unserm stiefsun graven Herman von Kastel” by charter dated 16 Apr 1357[826]Friedrich [IV] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         HERMANN [III] von Castell (-[8 Aug 1362/10 Jun 1366]).  Fridericus...comes de Castel...cum filiis nostris Hermanno et Friderico” donated property “in Wisentheide...[et] in villa Abbtswinden” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 19 Aug 1311[827].  The marriage contract between “Gotfrit von Hohenloch von Brunegge genant und...Margret unser...wirttein...unserm sun Gotfriden” and “burggraven Johansen von Nuremberch...sein mumen vrowen Agnesen graven Hermannis seligen tohter von Kasttel” is dated 29 Jun 1334, in the presence of “...graven Herman von Kasttel unser swestter sun...[828]Graf von Castell.  “Graffe Herman von Kastel” confirmed donations made to St. Michelskloster near Bamberg made by “unserm...vater grafen Friderich von Kastel seligen” by charter dated 28 Aug 1350[829].  “Elzbeth graven Friderichs seligen von Kastel...wirtin” confirmed property to “unserm stiefsun graven Herman von Kastel” by charter dated 16 Apr 1357[830].  “Herman grafe zu Kastel und Luggart undr...frauwe...und Friderich grafe zu Kastel” settled differences between them, making provision for “unsern andern brudern grafen Petern von Kastel”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1360[831].  “Graf Herman von Kastel” confirmed donations to Kloster Münchperg bei Bamberg by charter dated 8 Aug 1362[832].  He presumably died before his wife’s 10 Aug 1366 charter quoted below.  m LIUTGARD, daughter of --- (-after 13 Aug 1373).  Herman grafe zu Kastel und Luggart undr...frauwe...und Friderich grafe zu Kastel” settled differences between them, making provision for “unsern andern brudern grafen Petern von Kastel”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1360[833].  “Luckart grafin zu Kastell, graf Hans und graf Wilhelm unser sun” sold property to Kloster Kirchberg by charter dated 10 Jun 1366[834].  Walter Abbot of Schwarzach renounced rights in favour of “Leugarten grefin zu Kastel und...grafen Johansen und grafen Wilhelme iren sunen” by charter dated 13 Aug 1373[835].  Hermann [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHANN [I] von Castell (-after 6 Apr 1381).  Graf von Castell.  “Luckart grafin zu Kastell, graf Hans und graf Wilhelm unser sun” sold property to Kloster Kirchberg by charter dated 10 Jun 1366[836].  Walter Abbot of Schwarzach renounced rights in favour of “Leugarten grefin zu Kastel und...grafen Johansen und grafen Wilhelme iren sunen” by charter dated 13 Aug 1373[837].  Their mother’s involvement in these two charters suggests that both her sons were minors at the time.  “Wilhelm grave zu Kastel” sold property to “unser...swester frauwen Alheyden unsers...vettern graven Fridrichs von Kastel seligen...wirtin”, with the consent of “unsers...bruder graven Johans von Kastel”, by charter dated 6 Apr 1381[838].  Johann presumably died soon after this date. 

ii)         WILHELM [I] von Castell (-[24 Jul 1398/21 May 1399])Graf von Castell.  “Luckart grafin zu Kastell, graf Hans und graf Wilhelm unser sun” sold property to Kloster Kirchberg by charter dated 10 Jun 1366[839].  Walter Abbot of Schwarzach renounced rights in favour of “Leugarten grefin zu Kastel und...grafen Johansen und grafen Wilhelme iren sunen” by charter dated 13 Aug 1373[840].  “Wilhelm grave zu Kastel” sold property to “unser...swester frauwen Alheyden unsers...vettern graven Fridrichs von Kastel seligen...wirtin”, with the consent of “unsers...bruder graven Johans von Kastel”, by charter dated 6 Apr 1381[841].  “Graf Wilhelm von Kastell, seine Gemahlin Alheit und ir Sohn Graf Leonhart” sold property to “Hans den Ryter zu Nürnberg” by charter dated 25 Sep 1391[842].  “Grave Wilhelm und grave Lienhart beyde graven und herren zu Casteln” granted property to “Heinrich von Sekkendorff von Durrenbuch...” by charter dated 7 Mar 1398[843].  Wenzel King of Germany granted rights to “Wilhelm graf von Kastel” by charter dated 24 Jul 1398[844].  Wilhelm presumably died before 21 May 1399, the date of the first charter in which his stepson Leonhard [I] is named without him.  m (before 1 Nov 1390) as her second husband, ADELHEID von Nassau, widow of FRIEDRICH [VII] Graf von Castell, daughter of JOHANN Graf von Nassau in Hadamar & his wife Elisabeth von Waldeck (-after 18 Jan 1411).  Benigna grefin zu Kastel und Hans Plümlin” reached agreement about her rights with “Fridrich grafen zu Kastel...[und] hern Fridrichs...wirtin...Adelheiden von Nassauwe” by charter dated 18 Feb 1376[845].  “Kathrei...graven Peters von Kastel seligen thochter” acknowledged payments received from “fraw Alheyde grefninne zue Kastel” by charter dated 8 Jun 1378[846].  “Ditrich von Heytingzffelt...” sold property to “frawen Alheyden graven Fridrichs von Kastel seligen...frawnen und graven Linharten von Kastel irem sune” by charter dated 26 Apr 1379[847].  “Ruprecht grebe zu Nassauwe und Anne unse...husfrauwe” acknowledged a debt to “unser...swegerin Alheyden grebinn zu Kastyl” by charter dated 10 Sep 1379[848].  “Wilhelm grave zu Kastel” sold property to “unser...swester frauwen Alheyden unsers...vettern graven Fridrichs von Kastel seligen...wirtin”, with the consent of “unsers...bruder graven Johans von Kastel”, by charter dated 6 Apr 1381[849].  The rheinische Städtebund settled a dispute between “Johan grave czu Nassau” and “Ruprecht grave czu Nassau”, the latter claiming that “junkherr Emicho von Nassau frauwe Elysabeth eptissen czu Esche und frauwe Alheid graffynne czu Castel sine swestern” held certain property rights, by charter dated 22 Jun 1385[850].  “Gräfin Elisabeth von Nassau Aebtissin zu Essen” confirmed property to “ihr Schwager Graf Ruprecht von Nassau...un ihre Schwester Aleyd Gräfin zu Kastel” by charter dated 1 Sep 1385[851].  The date of Adelheid’s second marriage is difficult to assess, given that the charters dated 22 Jun 1385 and 1 Sep 1385 could relate to Adelheid as Gräfin von Castell by right of either husband.  “Anna grevein zu Nassaw” assigned a debt to “unserm...swager graven Wilhelm zu Kastel und unserr swester Alheiten grevein zu Kastel seiner...husfrawen” by charter dated 1 Nov 1390[852].  “Graf Wilhelm von Kastell, seine Gemahlin Alheit und ir Sohn Graf Leonhart” sold property to “Hans den Ryter zu Nürnberg” by charter dated 25 Sep 1391[853].  “Gräfin Alheid zu Castell” sold annual harvest income from “Volkach” to “die Pfarrkirche zu Volkach”, with the consent of “ihres Sohnes Graf Lynhart zu Castell”, by charter dated 18 Jan 1411[854]

b)         FRIEDRICH [VI] von Castell (-after 1367).  Fridericus...comes de Castel...cum filiis nostris Hermanno et Friderico” donated property “in Wisentheide...[et] in villa Abbtswinden” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 19 Aug 1311[855].  Canon at Würzburg and Bamberg: “Friderich Graf von Castel und Friderich von Hohenlohe, beide Domherren zu Würzburg und Bamberg”, in place of “Heinrichs von Hohenlohe genannt von Weinsberg”, donated “einen Theil des Weinsbergs bei Volfach” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 14 Jul 1319[856].  “Grave Fridrich von Castel der alte und graf Fridrich undr sun thumherre ze Babenberg” confirmed that “unserr...swager und oheim Gotfrit von Brunecke” had redeemed property, by charter dated 5 Jul 1340[857]

c)         ELISABETH von Castell (-after 21 Feb 1326).  "Graf Friedrich von Castell und seine Gattin Elisabeth" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem, with the consent of "Friderici canonici ecclesie Babenbergensis, Hermanni et Elizabeth, nostrorum liberorum nostri Friderici predicti habitorum cum Wildeberg de Brunecke priore nostra conthorali", by charter dated 21 Feb 1326[858]

Friedrich [IV] & his second wife had two children: 

d)         FRIEDRICH [VII] von Castell (-before 8 Jun 1378)Graf von Castell.  “Elsbeth grefin zu Kastel” granted property to “grafen Frideriche von Kastel unserm sune...unserm jüngern sune graffen Peter von Kastel”, in return for promised dower rights after the death of “unser herre graff Friderich von Kastel de alte”, by charter dated 1 Feb 1342[859].  “Elsbeth grafen Frideriches von Kastel seligen...frauwe” granted property to “unser sun graf Friderich von Kastel” by charter dated 5 May 1356[860].  “Herman grafe zu Kastel und Luggart undr...frauwe...und Friderich grafe zu Kastel” settled differences between them, making provision for “unsern andern brudern grafen Petern von Kastel”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1360[861].  “Benigna grefin zu Kastel und Hans Plümlin” reached agreement about her rights with “Fridrich grafen zu Kastel...[und] hern Fridrichs...wirtin...Adelheiden von Nassauwe” by charter dated 18 Feb 1376[862].  His wife’s 8 Jun 1378 charter quoted below suggests that Friedrich was already deceased at the time.  m (before 18 Feb 1376) as her first husband, ADELHEID von Nassau-Hadamar, daughter of JOHANN Graf von Nassau in Hadamar & his wife Elisabeth von Waldeck (-after 18 Jan 1411).  Benigna grefin zu Kastel und Hans Plümlin” reached agreement about her rights with “Fridrich grafen zu Kastel...[und] hern Fridrichs...wirtin...Adelheiden von Nassauwe” by charter dated 18 Feb 1376[863].  “Kathrei...graven Peters von Kastel seligen thochter” acknowledged payments received from “fraw Alheyde grefninne zue Kastel” by charter dated 8 Jun 1378[864].  “Ditrich von Heytingzffelt...” sold property to “frawen Alheyden graven Fridrichs von Kastel seligen...frawnen und graven Linharten von Kastel irem sune” by charter dated 26 Apr 1379[865].  “Ruprecht grebe zu Nassauwe und Anne unse...husfrauwe” acknowledged a debt to “unser...swegerin Alheyden grebinn zu Kastyl” by charter dated 10 Sep 1379[866].  “Wilhelm grave zu Kastel” sold property to “unser...swester frauwen Alheyden unsers...vettern graven Fridrichs von Kastel seligen...wirtin”, with the consent of “unsers...bruder graven Johans von Kastel”, by charter dated 6 Apr 1381[867].  The rheinische Städtebund settled a dispute between “Johan grave czu Nassau” and “Ruprecht grave czu Nassau”, the latter claiming that “junkherr Emicho von Nassau frauwe Elysabeth eptissen czu Esche und frauwe Alheid graffynne czu Castel sine swestern” held certain property rights, by charter dated 22 Jun 1385[868].  “Gräfin Elisabeth von Nassau Aebtissin zu Essen” confirmed property to “ihr Schwager Graf Ruprecht von Nassau...un ihre Schwester Aleyd Gräfin zu Kastel” by charter dated 1 Sep 1385[869].  She married secondly (before 1 Nov 1390) her first husband’s nephew, Wilhelm [I] Graf zu Castell.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the following docuemnt: “Anna grevein zu Nassaw” assigned a debt to “unserm...swager graven Wilhelm zu Kastel und unserr swester Alheiten grevein zu Kastel seiner...husfrawen” by charter dated 1 Nov 1390[870].  “Graf Wilhelm von Kastell, seine Gemahlin Alheit und ir Sohn Graf Leonhart” sold property to “Hans den Ryter zu Nürnberg” by charter dated 25 Sep 1391[871].  The date of her second marriage is difficult to assess, given that the charters dated 22 Jun 1385 and 1 Sep 1385 could relate to Adelheid as Gräfin von Castell by right of either husband.  “Gräfin Alheid zu Castell” sold annual harvest income from “Volkach” to “die Pfarrkirche zu Volkach”, with the consent of “ihres Sohnes Graf Lynhart zu Castell”, by charter dated 18 Jan 1411[872].  Friedrich [VII] & his wife had one child: 

i)          LEONHARD [I] von Castell (-1426)Ditrich von Heytingzffelt...” sold property to “frawen Alheyden graven Fridrichs von Kastel seligen...frawnen und graven Linharten von Kastel irem sune” by charter dated 26 Apr 1379[873]Graf von Castell

-         see below

e)         PETER von Castell (-before 8 Jun 1378, maybe before 18 Feb 1376).  Elsbeth grefin zu Kastel” granted property to “grafen Frideriche von Kastel unserm sune...unserm jüngern sune graffen Peter von Kastel”, in return for promised dower rights after the death of “unser herre graff Friderich von Kastel de alte”, by charter dated 1 Feb 1342[874].  “Herman grafe zu Kastel und Luggart undr...frauwe...und Friderich grafe zu Kastel” settled differences between them, making provision for “unsern andern brudern grafen Petern von Kastel”, by charter dated 13 Aug 1360[875].  Peter his named s deceased in the 8 Jun 1378 charter of his daughter Katharina, quoted below.  If Benigna was his daughter as suggested below, her 18 Feb 1376 charter suggests that he had already died at that time.  m ---.  The name of Peter’s wife is not known.  Peter & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [BENIGNA von Castell (-after 20 Mar 1391).  “Benigna grefin zu Kastel und Hans Plümlin” reached agreement about her rights with “Fridrich grafen zu Kastel...[und] hern Fridrichs...wirtin...Adelheiden von Nassauwe” by charter dated 18 Feb 1376[876].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified, although Peter appears to be the most likely possibility among the known members of the Castell family.  Gerhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed property to “Hans Blümelin, Benen siner...wyrtinne und Barbara siner tochter” by charter dated 21 Dec 1379[877].  “Wilhelm grafe zu Kastel” acknowledged owing payments to “Hansen Blümlins...Benen siner...frauwen” by charter dated 15 Nov 1384[878].  “Hans Blümlein gesessen zu Wunfurte” granted property to “Benigna seiner...wirtein und Barbara ir beyder tohter” by charter dated 20 Mar 1391[879]m HANS Blümlein, son of --- (-after 20 Mar 1391).] 

ii)         KATHARINA von Castell (-after 8 Jun 1378).  “Kathrei...graven Peters von Kastel seligen thochter” acknowledged payments received from “fraw Alheyde grefninne zue Kastel” by charter dated 8 Jun 1378[880]

2.         BERTHA von Castell (-[28 Jul 1337/11 May 1339]).  Nun at St Marcus, Würzburg: Fridericus comes de Kastele” exchanged “proprietatem ville Ulberg” for “conventui...cenobii sancti Marci extra muros Herbipolenses pro porcione hereditaria sororis sue Berthe sanctimonialis iamdict cenobii” with Würzburg, with the consent of “Willebirgis coniugis sue”, by charter dated 14 Mar 1295[881].  Prioress: “Bertha priorin von St. Mark zu Würzburg und ihr Convent” confirmed a donation by charter dated 28 Jul 1337[882].  Bertha presumably died before 11 May 1339, the date of a charter which names her successor[883]

 

 

LEONHARD [I] von Castell, son of FRIEDRICH [VII] Graf von Castell & his wife --- von Nassau (-[25 Jul 1425/6 Jun 1427])Ditrich von Heytingzffelt...” sold property to “frawen Alheyden graven Fridrichs von Kastel seligen...frawnen und graven Linharten von Kastel irem sune” by charter dated 26 Apr 1379[884].  His mother’s involvement in this charter suggests that Leonhard was still a minor at the time.  Graf von Castell.  “Graf Wilhelm von Kastell, seine Gemahlin Alheit und ir Sohn Graf Leonhart” sold property to “Hans den Ryter zu Nürnberg” by charter dated 25 Sep 1391[885].  “Grave Wilhelm und grave Lienhart beyde graven und herren zu Casteln” granted property to “Heinrich von Sekkendorff von Durrenbuch...” by charter dated 7 Mar 1398[886].  “Linhart Graf zu Kastell” granted property rights at Halberg by charter dated 21 May 1399[887].  “Linhart graffe und herre zu Kastel, Anna von Hohenloch geboren sein...husfraw” sold “under sloss Geylenaw” to “Seitzen Fischlein und Burckart Eberhart”, in the presence of “herr Johanns von Hohenloch...”, by charter dated 9 Mar 1400[888].  Johann Bishop of Würzburg settled a dispute between “Linhart grave czu Castell” and “Friderich Schencke herre czu Limpurg...frawen Elsen geboren von Hohenloch seiner...hawsfrawen” concerning the inheritance of “hern Johannsen von Hohenlochs ires swagers seligen” by charter dated 31 Jan 1413[889].  “Graf Lynhart von Castel” witnessed a charter dated 25 Jul 1425[890].  He presumably died before 6 Jun 1427, the date of a charter in which his son Wilhelm appears alone. 

m (before 8 Aug 1392) ANNA von Hohenlohe, daughter of GOTTFRIED [III] von Hohenlohe-Uffenheim & his wife Anna von Henneberg (-after 9 Mar 1400).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the following document: Johans von Hohenloch herrn Goetzen von Hohenloch seligen sun” confirmed that “unserr...veter selig Gerlach von Hohenloch, unserr...vater selige Götz von Hohenloch” had sold “unserm slossze Geylnawe”, with the consent of “unserm...ohem Wilhelm graven zu Kastell, unserm...swoger Lynharden graven tzu Kastel...unserr...ohem Fridrich burkgrave tzu Nürnberg under der edell Berchtolt grave zu Hennenbergk unserr...oheme, unserr...swester frawen Annen...”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1392[891].  “Linhart graffe und herre zu Kastel, Anna von Hohenloch geboren sein...husfraw” sold “under sloss Geylenaw” to “Seitzen Fischlein und Burckart Eberhart”, in the presence of “herr Johanns von Hohenloch...”, by charter dated 9 Mar 1400[892]

Leonhard [I] & his wife had children: 

1.         WILHELM [II] von Castell (-after 14 Mar 1479).  “Lynhard Graf und Herr zu Castell” sold property, with the consent of “seines Sohnes Wilhelm”, by charter dated 24 Jan 1415[893]Graf von Castell.  “Graf Wilhelm zu Castell” granted property by charter dated 6 Jun 1427[894].  Johann Bishop of Würzburg settled a dispute between “Wilhelm und Fridrich graven zu Castel” and “Conrat von Rosenberg zu Bartenstein” by charter dated 3 Jan 1428[895].  He is named in a charter dated 21 Mar 1479[896]m ANNA von Helfenstein, daughter of --- (-before 25 Feb 1479).  “Graf Wilhelm zu Castell und seine Gemahlin Anna geborne von Helffenstein” sold property to “Conrad dem Aeltern Herrn zu Limpurg seinen Brüdern und Erben” by charter dated 10 May 1445[897].  Wilhelm & his wife had children: 

a)         LEONHARD [II] von Castell (-1452). 

b)         FRIEDRICH [IX] von Castell (-1498).  Canon at Würzburg.  “Wilhelm Graf und Herr zu Castell und sein Sohn Friedrich Domherr zu Würzburg” agreed an alliance with Gottfried Bishop of Würzburg by charter dated 6 Dec 1453[898]Graf von Castellm ELISABETH von Reitzenstein, daughter of ---.  “Fridrich grave und herr zu Castel...unnser...gemaheln Elizabeth greffin und frau zu Castel gebornn von Reitzenstein” agreed her dower by charter dated 8 Mar 1470[899].  Friedrich [IX] & his wife had children: 

i)          AGNES von Castell (1466-1504).  The marriage contract between “Friderich graffe und herre zu Castell...frewlin Angnessen unnszer tochter” and “Ursula frawe zu Swarczenberg witwe...Michelnn herrn zu Swarczenberg dem jungen des...Michels herrn zu Swarczenberg des eltern seligen und der genannten frawen Ursulen sonne” is dated 25 Feb 1479[900]m (contract 25 Feb 1479) MICHAEL von Schwarzenberg, son of MICHAEL Freiherr von Schwarzenberg & his second wife Ursula Frankengrüner (-10 Sep 1489). 

ii)         WOLFGANG von Castell (1482-1546)Graf von Castellm (contract 18 Mar 1518, 25 Jul 1518) MARTHA von Wertheim, daughter of MICHAEL [II] Graf von Wertheim & his wife Barbara von Eberstein.  The marriage contract between "Michel und Jeorg vatter und sun bede graven zue Wertheim...Martha geporne grevin zw Wertheim unser tochter und schwester” and “Wolffgang grave zw Castell”, under which the couple renounced rights in her paternal inheritance, is dated 18 Mar 1518[901]

-         GRAFEN von CASTELL

2.         FRIEDRICH von Castell .  Johann Bishop of Würzburg settled a dispute between “Wilhelm und Fridrich graven zu Castel” and “Conrat von Rosenberg zu Bartenstein” by charter dated 3 Jan 1428[902]

3.         ELISABETH von Castell (-after 8 Sep 1416).  The marriage contract between “Graf Linhart zu Castell...Else von Castel des ersteren Tochter” and “Graf Thomas zu Rieneck” is dated Feb 1413[903].  “Thomas grave zu Rienecke...siner dochter Elsbeten...unser...husfrauwen” agreed with “Linhard graven zu Castel unserm...sweher” to renounce the inheritance of “yrem oheim Johanns von Hohenloch seligen” by charter dated 17 Jul 1413[904].  “Graf Thomas von Rieneck und seine Gemahlin Elisabeth” founded a chapel “in Lore” by charter dated 8 Sep 1416[905]m (contract Feb 1413) as his wife, THOMAS Graf von Rieneck, son of LUDWIG Graf von Rieneck & his wife Kunigunde von Sponheim (-[1426/31]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  HERREN von DÜRN

 

 

1.         RUPRECHT von Dürn (-after 1197).  “...Boppo comes de Wertheim, Robertus comes de Castelle, Robertus de Durne, Diepoldus de Luchenberg, Conradus de Rotenburg, et Conradus de Stolberg...” witnessed the charter dated 16 Jul [1191/97] under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed “cœnobio...in Schwobach” to “fratrum...Ebracensium[906]Ropertus de Durne” donated property to Kloster Amorbach by charter dated 1197[907]

 

 

1.         KONRAD [I] von Dürn (-17 Sep 1258)Cunradus de Durne” acquired "advocaciam in Slierstat", with the consent of “uxoris nostre Mehthildis et filii nostri Bopponis nec non aliorum liberorum nostrorum Ruperti et Ulrici”, with the agreement of Kloster Seligenthal, by charter dated 13 Oct 1248[908].  “Cunradus de Durna advocatus ecclesie in Amorbach et conjux Mechtildis filia comitis de Loufe communicata manu filiorum nostrorum Bopponis, Ruperti et Odalrici” donated property to Kloster Amorbach by charter dated 1253[909].  He was named as deceased in the 1258 charter witnessed by his widow, quoted below.  m MECHTILD von Laufen, daughter of POPPO [V] Graf von Laufen & his wife Adelheid von Vohburg (-[25 Jul 1276/Jan 1277]).  "Conrado de Durne et Mechtilde nata com. de Lauff." founded Kloster Seligenthal by charter dated 1236[910].  "Cunradus de Durne et uxor sua Methildis matrona nobilis" donated property “in villa Slirstat” to Würzburg for Seligenthal by charter dated 1239[911].  “Cunradus de Durne” acquired "advocaciam in Slierstat", with the consent of “uxoris nostre Mehthildis et filii nostri Bopponis nec non aliorum liberorum nostrorum Ruperti et Ulrici”, with the agreement of Kloster Seligenthal, by charter dated 13 Oct 1248[912].  “Cunradus de Durna advocatus ecclesie in Amorbach et conjux Mechtildis filia comitis de Loufe communicata manu filiorum nostrorum Bopponis, Ruperti et Odalrici” donated property to Kloster Amorbach by charter dated 1253[913].  “Boppo et Rupertus fratres de Durne, Mehthildis mater eorumdem [...relicte de Durne], Mehthildis de Brunekke, Mehthildis de Scowenberc...” witnessed the charter dated 1258 which records that Seligenthal bought "silvam...Vrfaze"[914]Luckardis comitissa de Zygenhagen” donated property “in Heimesbach” to Kloster Seligenthal, with the consent of “matris suæ Methildis comitissæ de Durne et fratrum suorum Bopponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 24 Jul 1267, witnessed by “Boppo comes de Tyeligisberc, Rupertus de Durne, Engelhardus de Berlichingen[915]Methildis comitissa de Durne, Rupertus et Ulrici filii nostri” confirmed that "matrona dicta Dingele..." had donated property “in Ruchsheim” to Seligenthal by charter dated 29 Mar 1270[916].  “Methildis domina de Durne” donated property to Seligenthal by charter dated 10 Nov 1274[917].  “Methildis...comitissa de Durne” confirmed the donation to Seligenthal made by “Otto miles dictus Hornasse...” by charter dated 25 Jul 1276[918].  She was named as deceased in the [3] Feb 1277 charter of her sons.  Konrad [I] & his wife had five children: 

a)         POPPO [I] von Dürn (-before 1273)Cunradus de Durne” acquired "advocaciam in Slierstat", with the consent of “uxoris nostre Mehthildis et filii nostri Bopponis nec non aliorum liberorum nostrorum Ruperti et Ulrici”, with the agreement of Kloster Seligenthal, by charter dated 13 Oct 1248[919].  “Cunradus de Durna advocatus ecclesie in Amorbach et conjux Mechtildis filia comitis de Loufe communicata manu filiorum nostrorum Bopponis, Ruperti et Odalrici” donated property to Kloster Amorbach by charter dated 1253[920]Herr von Dürn.  “Boppo et Rupertus fratres de Durne, Mehthildis mater eorumdem [...relicte de Durne], Mehthildis de Brunekke, Mehthildis de Scowenberc...” witnessed the charter dated 1258 which records that Seligenthal bought "silvam...Vrfaze"[921].  Graf von Dilsberg: Poppo de Durn comes de Dilnsperg” acknowledged receiving payments from Ludwig II Duke of Bavaria by charter dated 4 Nov 1262[922].  “Luckardis comitissa de Zygenhagen” donated property “in Heimesbach” to Kloster Seligenthal, with the consent of “matris suæ Methildis comitissæ de Durne et fratrum suorum Bopponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 24 Jul 1267, witnessed by “Boppo comes de Tyeligisberc, Rupertus de Durne, Engelhardus de Berlichingen[923]m EUPHEMIA von Rieneck, daughter of [LUDWIG [II] Graf von Rieneck & his wife Adelheid von Henneberg] (-after 22 Nov 1276).  The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not been identified.  From a chronological point of view, it is likely that she was the daughter of Ludwig [II] Graf von Rieneck.  “Evfemia de Rienecke, dni Bopponis de Durne relicta” donated property "in Adolfesehim...Sucigeris hof" to Seligenthal, with the consent of “meorum filiorum Bopponis et Ludewici”, by charter dated 22 Nov 1276[924].  “Eufemia relicta...Bopponis quondam comitis de Durne, Boppo et Ludewicus filii mei” granted rights to Amorbach by charter dated 26 Jun 1280[925].  Poppo [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          POPPO [II] von Dürn (-after 1290).  “Boppo de Durne” recorded the testament of "bone mem. Boppone genitore nostro" by charter dated 1273, sealed by “Bopponis comitis de Tiligisberc[926].  “Rupertus et Ulricus fratres et Boppo fratruelis eorum nobiles de Durne” confirmed donations made to Seligenthal by “felicis memorie mater nostra Mehtildis” by charter dated [3] Feb 1277[927].  “Eufemia relicta...Bopponis quondam comitis de Durne, Boppo et Ludewicus filii mei” granted rights to Amorbach by charter dated 26 Jun 1280[928].  “Boppo comes de Durne” sold “duas vineas...iuxta Ruchesheim” to Seligenthal, with the consent of “coniugis mee Agnetis de Hohinloch, fratris mei Ludewici”, by charter dated early Apr 1282[929].  “Poppo et Ludewicus fratres de Durna” confirmed the sale of property to Amorbach made by “Mechtildis...quondam ava nostra” by charter dated 1290[930]m AGNES von Hohenlohe, daughter of GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe Conte di Romagna & his wife Richeza [von Bochsberg] (-after Apr 1282).  "Jutta von Schillingsfürst" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, naming "materteræ meæ dominæ Richzæ de Hohenloe et suorum filiorum meorum consanguineorum Alberti…Craftonis et Cunradi" as guarantors for her wishes to be executed, by charter dated 10 Dec 1262, witnessed by "domina Richza de Hohenloe, Albertus, Crafto, Cunradus filii eius, Agnes filia eius, Willebirck de Wertheim, Godefridus filius Alberti de Hohenloe…"[931].  “Boppo comes de Durne” sold “duas vineas...iuxta Ruchesheim” to Seligenthal, with the consent of “coniugis mee Agnetis de Hohinloch, fratris mei Ludewici”, by charter dated early Apr 1282[932].  Poppo [II] & his wife had two children 

(1)       ALBRECHT von Dürn .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified. 

(2)       MECHTILD von Dürn ).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified. m FRIEDRICH [II] Schenk von Limpurg, son of --- (-1317). 

ii)         LUDWIG von Dürn (-25 Oct 1295).  “Eufemia relicta...Bopponis quondam comitis de Durne, Boppo et Ludewicus filii mei” granted rights to Amorbach by charter dated 26 Jun 1280[933].  “Boppo comes de Durne” sold “duas vineas...iuxta Ruchesheim” to Seligenthal, with the consent of “coniugis mee Agnetis de Hohinloch, fratris mei Ludewici”, by charter dated early Apr 1282[934].  “Poppo et Ludewicus fratres de Durna” confirmed the sale of property to Amorbach made by “Mechtildis...quondam ava nostra” by charter dated 1290[935].  “Graf Ludwig von Dürn” granted “die Hälfte der Stadt Buchen...” to “Konrad von Weinsberg dem Älteren und Konrad dem Jüngeren” by charter dated 25 Oct 1295[936]

b)         RUPRECHT von Dürn (-1303 or after).  “Cunradus de Durne” acquired "advocaciam in Slierstat", with the consent of “uxoris nostre Mehthildis et filii nostri Bopponis nec non aliorum liberorum nostrorum Ruperti et Ulrici”, with the agreement of Kloster Seligenthal, by charter dated 13 Oct 1248[937].  “Cunradus de Durna advocatus ecclesie in Amorbach et conjux Mechtildis filia comitis de Loufe communicata manu filiorum nostrorum Bopponis, Ruperti et Odalrici” donated property to Kloster Amorbach by charter dated 1253[938].  “Boppo et Rupertus fratres de Durne, Mehthildis mater eorumdem [...relicte de Durne], Mehthildis de Brunekke, Mehthildis de Scowenberc...” witnessed the charter dated 1258 which records that Seligenthal bought "silvam...Vrfaze"[939]Luckardis comitissa de Zygenhagen” donated property “in Heimesbach” to Kloster Seligenthal, with the consent of “matris suæ Methildis comitissæ de Durne et fratrum suorum Bopponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 24 Jul 1267, witnessed by “Boppo comes de Tyeligisberc, Rupertus de Durne, Engelhardus de Berlichingen[940]Rupertus de Durne” consented to the donation to Seligenthal made by "Otto miles dictus Zehe..." by charter dated 1273[941].  “Rupertus et Ulricus fratres et Boppo fratruelis eorum nobiles de Durne” confirmed donations made to Seligenthal by “felicis memorie mater nostra Mehtildis” by charter dated [3] Feb 1277[942].  “Rupertus de Vorthemberc filius et heres Cunradi nobilis de Durne” confirmed the donation of property “Heimesbach” made to Seligenthal by “iam dictus...pater noster pie memorie coadunata coniugis sue matris nostre Mehthildis”, by charter dated 1285[943]"Rupertus de Durne dominus in Vorthenberg et Rupertus filius eius" sold “castrum et opidum Durne” to Mainz by charter dated 25 Feb 1294[944].  “Rupertus comes de Durne...cum filio nostro Ruperto” granted property to “Marquardo filio quondam militis Herliwini” by charter dated 24 Mar 1297[945].  “Rupertus de Durna” confirmed donations of vines to Amorbach, for the souls of “conjugis nostre quondam domine Methildis nobilis de Brunecke”, with the consent of “Ruperti nati nostri”, by charter dated 1303[946]m (Papal dispensation 10 Dec 1253) as her second husband, MECHTILD von Hohenlohe, widow of KONRAD [I] Pfalzgraf von Tübingen, daughter of KONRAD von Hohenlohe Herr von Brauneck & his wife --- (-1293).  Pope Innocent IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of “M. relicta quondam C. comitis palatini de Tuingen” and “R. domino de Durne”, despite their 4o consanguinity, dated 10 Dec 1253[947]Rupertus de Durne communicata manu uxoris mee Mehtildis” donated “duas partes decime in Ruchesheim” to Seligenthal by charter dated 28 Aug 1277, sealed by “Ulrici fratris mei et Bopponis fratruelis mei[948]She is named in the 26 Feb 1283 charter of her daughter by her first husband, Elisabeth von Tübingen.  Rupertus de Durne” confirmed the donation of property “in Eberstat” to Seligenthal, with the consent of “Methildis coniugis nostre ac...filii nostri Ruperti”, by charter dated 22 Nov 1288[949].  “Rupertus de Durna” confirmed donations of vines to Amorbach, for the souls of “conjugis nostre quondam domine Methildis nobilis de Brunecke”, with the consent of “Ruperti nati nostri”, by charter dated 1303[950].  Ruprecht & his wife had three children: 

i)          RUPRECHT von Dürn (-after 9 Aug 1323).  “Rupertus de Durne” confirmed the donation of property “in Eberstat” to Seligenthal, with the consent of “Methildis coniugis nostre ac...filii nostri Ruperti”, by charter dated 22 Nov 1288[951]"Rupertus de Durne dominus in Vorthenberg et Rupertus filius eius" sold “castrum et opidum Durne” to Mainz by charter dated 25 Feb 1294[952].  “Rupertus comes de Durne...cum filio nostro Ruperto” granted property to “Marquardo filio quondam militis Herliwini” by charter dated 24 Mar 1297[953].  “Rupertus de Durna” confirmed donations of vines to Amorbach, for the souls of “conjugis nostre quondam domine Methildis nobilis de Brunecke”, with the consent of “Ruperti nati nostri”, by charter dated 1303[954].  “Rupertus nobilis de Durne” donated revenue to Amorbach, for the souls of himself and “Kraftonis de Hohenloch patrui nostri”, by charter dated 9 Aug 1323[955]

ii)         ADELHEID von Dürn (-after 28 Jun 1306).  Nun at Seligenthal.  “Rupertus de Durne” placed “filie sue Adelheidis” in Seligenthal, renouncing rights in property “in villa Ollinhusen quam...Methildis uxoris sue” had donated, by charter dated 30 Jan 1278[956].  “Ulricus nobilis de Durne” renounced rights in property in favour of Seligenthal by charter dated 28 Jun 1306, witnessed by “...Elizabet filia nostra, Alheidis filia fratris nostri Ruperti, moniales in Seligental[957]

iii)        MECHTILD von Dürn (-after 5 Jan [1286]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified.  "Rudolfus comites de Wertheim" sold property in Werbach, with the consent of "Mechtildis conjugis nostre", by charter dated 30 Mar 1282[958].  "Rudolfus comites de Wertheim" sold property in Reicholsheim to Kloster Brombach, with the consent of "conjugis nostre Mechtildis", by charter dated 1285[959].  "Rudolfus comes de Wertheim" sold property “in Kyrsevord”, with the consent of “Machtildis coniugis nostre et Machtildis relicte quondam Bopponis comitis fratris nostri”, by charter dated 5 Jan 1285 (O.S.?)[960]m as his first wife, RUDOLF [II] Graf von Wertheim, son of BOPPO [III] Graf von Wertheim & his wife Kunigunde von Rieneck (-[4 May 1303/13 Nov 1306]). 

c)         ULRICH von Dürn (-after 28 Jun 1306).  “Cunradus de Durne” acquired "advocaciam in Slierstat", with the consent of “uxoris nostre Mehthildis et filii nostri Bopponis nec non aliorum liberorum nostrorum Ruperti et Ulrici”, with the agreement of Kloster Seligenthal, by charter dated 13 Oct 1248[961].  “Cunradus de Durna advocatus ecclesie in Amorbach et conjux Mechtildis filia comitis de Loufe communicata manu filiorum nostrorum Bopponis, Ruperti et Odalrici” donated property to Kloster Amorbach by charter dated 1253[962].  “Ulricus de Durna advocatus ecclesie Amorbacensis” donated property in Amorbach and Hepfinkem to Amorbach, with the consent of “uxoris mee Alheidis de Boxberg et matris meæ nec non et fratrum meorum Cunradi majoris ecclesiæ canonici et scholastici, Boponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 1263[963].  “Rupertus et Ulricus fratres et Boppo fratruelis eorum nobiles de Durne” confirmed donations made to Seligenthal by “felicis memorie mater nostra Mehtildis” by charter dated [3] Feb 1277[964].  “Ulricus nobilis de Durne” renounced rights in property in favour of Seligenthal by charter dated 28 Jun 1306, witnessed by “...Elizabet filia nostra, Alheidis filia fratris nostri Ruperti, moniales in Seligental[965]m ADELHEID von Bocksberg, daughter of ---.  “Ulricus de Durna advocatus ecclesie Amorbacensis” donated property in Amorbach and Hepfinkem to Amorbach, with the consent of “uxoris mee Alheidis de Boxberg et matris meæ nec non et fratrum meorum Cunradi majoris ecclesiæ canonici et scholastici, Boponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 1263[966]"Ulricus de Durne et Alheidis eius collateralis" sold “castrum nostrum Wildenberg” to Mainz by charter dated 19 May 1271[967].  Ulrich & his wife had two children: 

i)          LIUTGARD von Dürn .  “Udalricus nobilis dictus de Dhurn” donated property “in Kutah...cum filia sua sorore Liutgarde” to Seligenthal by charter dated mid-Apr 1278[968]

ii)         ELISABETH von Dürn (-after 28 Jun 1306).  “Ulricus nobilis de Durne” renounced rights in property in favour of Seligenthal by charter dated 28 Jun 1306, witnessed by “...Elizabet filia nostra, Alheidis filia fratris nostri Ruperti, moniales in Seligental[969]

d)         KONRAD von Dürn .  Canon and Scholasticus at Mainz: “Ulricus de Durna advocatus ecclesie Amorbacensis” donated property in Amorbach and Hepfinkem to Amorbach, with the consent of “uxoris mee Alheidis de Boxberg et matris meæ nec non et fratrum meorum Cunradi majoris ecclesiæ canonici et scholastici, Boponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 1263[970]

e)         LIUTGARD von Dürn (-after 1272)Luckardis comitissa de Zygenhagen” donated property “in Heimesbach” to Kloster Seligenthal, with the consent of “matris suæ Methildis comitissæ de Durne et fratrum suorum Bopponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 24 Jul 1267, witnessed by “Boppo comes de Tyeligisberc, Rupertus de Durne, Engelhardus de Berlichingen[971]Luckardis comitissa de Zygenhagen” donated property "in Heimesbach" to Seligenthal, with the consent of “matris sue Methildis comitisse de Durne...eciam fratrum suorum Bopponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 24 Jul 1270, sealed by “fratres eius et cognati Boppo comes de Tyeligesberc, Rupertus de Durne, iunior Boppo, Heinricus de Brunecke[972].  “Lucardis comitissa de Cygenhain” donated property to Seligenthal, with the consent of “filii nostri Ludewici comitis de Cygenhain”, by charter dated 1271[973]Lucardis comitissa de Cygenhain” donated “omnia bona sua in Heimspach” to Seligenthal, with the consent of “filii sui Ludewici comitis de Cygenhain”, by charter dated 1272[974]m GOTTFRIED [IV] Graf von Ziegenhain, son of LUDWIG Graf von Ziegenhain & his wife --- (-after 1241). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13.  GRAFEN von ENZBERG

 

 

 

1.         ZEIZOLF [II] (-after 5 May 1072).  "Heinricus…rex" granted the right to a market in "in villa Sunninheim in pago Elisincigowe et in comitatu eiusdem Zeizolfi comitis" to "Zeizolfo fideli nostro" by an undated charter, grouped in the compilation with charters dated 1066[975]"Ceizzolfus comes" subscribed the charter dated 5 May 1072 under which Siegfried Archbishop of Metz attested the destruction of the chapel of Ravensgirburg[976]m ---.  The name of Zeizolf's wife is not known.  Graf Zeizolf [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [WOLFRAM (-after Oct 1104, bur Sunnesheim).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, it is probable that he was the son of Graf Zeizolf [II].  Not only did Wolfram name his own son Zeizolf ([III]), but also Wolfram's son Johann is shown in his charter dated 6 Jan 1100 to have owned property in "in pago Elisincigowe" like his presumed paternal grandfather.  The Annales Spirenses name "Wolframi comitis Arduenne" specifying that he had "multos comitatus…in Creychouwe et Enzeburch" and that "de genere illorum venit Kestenburc et Meystersel et Diethensheim ecclesie Spirensi"[977].  The Annales Spirenses record the burial of "pater suus [=episcopi Iohannis Spirensis] Wolframus comes" at Sunnesheim, specifying that he died after his son[978].]  m ADELA, [illegitimate] daughter of Emperor HEINRICH III King of Germany & his [mistress ---] ([1045] or before-24 Sep, 1104 or before, bur Sunnesheim).  The Annales Spirenses name "Azela sorore Heinrici senioris [=Heinrici IV]" as wife of "Wolframi comitis Arduenne"[979].  Her birth date range is estimtated on the assumption that the age of her son John is correct when he died as shown below.  Assuming that her paternity is correctly stated, her absence from other records and her comparatively obscure marriage suggest that she was illegitimate.  Emperor Heinrich IV, who would have been Adela's half-brother if the relationship is correctly stated above, made numerous donations to Speyer cathedral between 1091 and 1105, during the bishopric of Adela's son Johann.  However, in none of these is any blood relationship with the bishop directly mentioned by using words such as "consanguineus" or "propinquus".  Nevertheless, in the emperor's donation dated 21 Sep 1091 he calls Bishop Johann "fidele servicium carissimi", a phrase which appears more intimate than those usually seen in imperial donations to episcopacies and which could be consistent with family relationship[980]The necrology of Speyer records the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Azela comitissa" and that "Iohannes Spir. epus" donated "Steinwilre" for her soul[981]The Annales Spirenses record the burial of "matrem [=episcope Iohannis Spirensis] Azelam" at Sunnesheim, implying that she died before her son[982].  Graf Wolfram & his wife had four children: 

i)          ZEIZOLF [III] (-21 Aug [1091/99], bur Sunnesheim).  The Annales Spirenses name "episcopi Iohannis Spirensis" as brother of "Ceizolfus comes"[983].  Graf im Kraichgau.  The Annales Spirenses record the burial of "fratrem [=episcope Iohannis Spirensis] Ceyzolfum comitem" at Sunnesheim, implying that he died before his brother[984]The necrology of Speyer records the death "XII Kal Sep" of "Ceizzolfus comes" and that "cuius frater Iohannes Spir. epus" donated "Steinwilre" for his soul[985]The date of his death and place of burial are established by the charter dated 6 Jan 1100 under which "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim, naming "…fratris mei comitis Ceizzolfi ibidem sepulti…"[986]m ---.  The name of Zeizolf's wife is not known.  Zeizolf & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       ADELHEID von Enzberg (-11 Mar 1122, bur Kloster Sinsheim).  The Annales Spirenses name "Adilheidis comitissa filius Ceizolfus comes" as wife of "Heinricum palatinum in Tuwingen", specifying that she was childless[987].  "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim "in proprio allodio meo in pago Elezengowi in comitatu comitis Brunonis", with the support of "herede mea filia…fratris mei comitis Ceizzolfi ibidem sepulti dicta Adelheid", by charter dated 6 Jan 1100, which names "… Zeizolfi fratris mei, Adelheidis et Iudde filiarum predicti fratris mei"[988].  The Annales Spirenses record that "Adilheydis comitissa" travelled to Rome after the death of her uncle Bishop Johann to request his absolution from Pope Pascal II for having supported Emperor Heinrich "in scismate", which was granted on payment of a fine[989]The necrology of Speyer records the death "V Id Apr" of "Adilheidis comitissa"[990].  The Chronicle of Sinsheim records the death in 1122 of "comitissa Adelheidis…benefactrix huius ecclesie" and her burial in the church between "Frideradam amitam patris sui et Adelam, Mechtildem et alias consanguineas suas"[991]m [firstly] HEINRICH Graf von Tübingen, son of --- (-before 1103).  [m secondly SIEGFRIED, son of --- (-after Oct 1104).  The Annales Spirenses record the burial of "Sifridus comes et sancta Adelheidis comitissa" at Sunnesheim, specifying that they died after Johann Bishop of Speyer[992].  The relationship between Siegfried and the other members of this family is not specified.  However, the charter dated 6 Jan 1100 under which "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim names "… Zeizolfi fratris mei, Adelheidis et Iudde filiarum predicti fratris mei"[993].  It is therefore unlikely that Siegfried was the son of Graf Zeizolf.  The most likely explanation for his burial at Sunnesheim is that he was the second husband of Adelheid.] 

(b)       JUDITH (-after 6 Jan 1100).  "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim by charter dated 6 Jan 1100, which names "…Zeizolfi fratris mei, Adelheidis et Iudde filiarum predicti fratris mei"[994]

ii)         JOHANN ([1062/63]-26 Oct 1104, bur Sunnesheim).  The Annales Spirenses name "episcopi Iohannis Spirensis" as son of "Wolframi comitis Arduenne", specifying that he was "Sunnisheim archidiaconus" and that "Heinricus senior" installed "filio sororis sue" as Bishop of Speyer "dum esset puer[995], although the latter description must be an exaggeration assuming that Johann's age at death is correct as stated in a later passage.  Bishop of Speyer 1090.  "Iohannes…Spirensis ecclesie presul" founded the abbey of Sunnesheim "in proprio allodio meo in pago Elezengowi in comitatu comitis Brunonis", with the support of "herede mea filia…fratris mei comitis Ceizzolfi ibidem sepulti dicta Adelheid", and donated property to the new foundation "in pago Elezengowi…in pago Cregowi, in pago Enzgowi in comitatu comitis Brunonis…in pago Hedenegowe in comitatu comite Godefridi…in pago Spirgowi in comitatu Spirensi episcopi…in pago Nachowi…[et] in pago Wormesfelt in comitatu comitis Emechonis", by charter dated 6 Jan 1100, which names "Wolframmi patris mei, Azele matris mea, Zeizolfi fratris mei, Adelheidis et Iudde filiarum predicti fratris mei"[996].  The Annales Spirenses record the death of "episcopi Iohannis Spirensis" after 16 years in office, and his burial at Sunnesheim with his parents, specifying that he was 41 years old[997]The necrology of Speyer records the death "VII Kal Oct" of "Iohannes Spir. epus et Wolframus frater eius"[998]

iii)        WOLFRAM (-1 Dec [1090/1104]).  The necrology of Speyer records the death "VII Kal Oct" of "Iohannes Spir. epus et Wolframus frater eius"[999].  The necrology of Speyer records the death "Kal Dec" of "Wolframus comes" and that "Iohannes Spir. epus" donated "Steinwilre" for his soul[1000].  It is assumed that the latter entry relates to the brother of Bishop Johann not his father as another source, quoted above, indicates that the bishop predeceased his father.  

iv)       JUTTA (-2 Sep [1090/1104]).  The necrology of Speyer records the death "IV Non Sep" of "Iudda comitissa" and that "Iohannes Spir. epus" donated "Steinwilre" for her soul[1001].  The title “comitissa” suggests that she had been married to a count, who has not been identified.  [m ---.] 

b)         [FRIDERADA (-bur Kloster Sinsheim).  The Chronicle of Sinsheim records the death in 1122 of "comitissa Adelheidis…benefactrix huius ecclesie" and her burial in the church between "Frideradam amitam patris sui et Adelam, Mechtildem et alias consanguineas suas"[1002].  It is assumed that "amita" should be interpreted as paternal aunt in this document, as she is not known among the maternal family of Graf Zeizolf [III].] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14.  HERREN von HOHENLOHE

 

 

 

A.      HERREN von WEIKERSHEIM, HERREN von HOHENLOHE

 

 

Hohenlohe was located in the south-east of the German sub-province of Eastern Franconia, adjoining the duchies of Swabia and Bavaria.  It lay in the area of the ancient pagus of Sualafeld, although the pagi had ceased to hold much administrative significance by the mid-12th century when the Hohenlohe family first emerges from the primary sources.  Ecclesiastically, it was within the jurisdiction of the bishopric of Würzburg and the early charters suggest that the bishop was suzerain of the family´s territories.  The early history of the family can be reconstructed from charters which were collected in the late 19th century by Weller[1003].  The family was first called by the name of the town of Weikersheim.  The reference to Hohenlohe, a castle close to the town of Uffenheim, first appears in a charter dated 1170.  No indication has been found of the previous origin of the brothers Konrad and Heinrich von Weikersheim, who are first named in a charter dated 1153.  Their names were too common in early 12th century Germany to render useful any speculation about possible family links to earlier comital families.  The Hohenlohe territories were near to the county of Wertheim, with which a connection is possible but unprovable.  Little information can be gleaned from the charters dated between the mid-12th and early 13th centuries, references being limited to participation as witnesses for the bishops of Würzburg, dukes of Swabia, and Grafen von Wertheim.  The family´s subsequent rise to prominence in the early 13th century can be traced to their links with the Order of Teutonic Knights, to the patronage of Emperor Friedrich II, and to two fortunate marriages as a result of which it expanded its property base. 

 

The family´s first connection with the Teutonic Knights is noted in 1215, followed closely be the entry of Andreas von Hohenlohe into the Order in 1219.  His half-brothers Heinrich and Friedrich, although barely out of childhood, became knights in the following year and Heinrich quickly rose to prominence in the Order, being appointed preceptor and in 1243 Grand Master.  The donations to the Order by the Hohenlohe brothers on their enrollment were confirmed by the bishop of Würzburg and by Friedrich II King of Germany, before his coronation as emperor in late 1220.  From 1224 until the end of his reign, the two brothers Gottfried and Konrad von Hohenlohe were frequently named in the emperor´s charters.  Konrad was appointed by the emperor as Conte di Molise in southern Italy in late 1229, and throughout the first half of the decade of the 1230s both brothers are referred to in imperial charters as Conti di Romagna.  Both brothers inherited considerable properties through their marriages into the Bochsberg and Büdingen families, and in the latter 13th and early 14th centuries marriages were arranged between members of the Hohenlohe family and many of prominent comital families in southern Germany.  By 1277, Ludwig II Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf am Rhein was suzerain of the Herren von Hohenlohe, as shown by a charter dated 29 Apr 1277[1004]

 

 

1.         KONRAD von Weikersheim (-[1170/71]).  "…Cunradus et frater eius de Wikartesheim, Heinricus…" witnessed the charter dated 1153 under which Gebhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed a donation to Kloster Tückelhausen[1005].  "…Cunradus de Wichartesheim et duo filii eius Cunradus et Heinricus…" witnessed the charter dated 1166 under which Friedrich Duke of Swabia exchanged serfs with Kloster Lorch[1006].  "…Conradus de Wichartesheim…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which Herold Bishop of Würzburg exchanged property with "dem Kleriker Tuto"[1007].  "…Conradus de Wicharteshein et filii eius Heinricus Adelbertus…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which Herold Bishop of Würzburg granted property to "Cunradus vicecomes de Nuremberc"[1008]m ---.  The name of Konrad´s wife is not known.  Konrad & his wife had three children: 

a)         KONRAD von Weikersheim (-after 1182).  "…Cunradus de Wichartesheim et duo filii eius Cunradus et Heinricus…" witnessed the charter dated 1166 under which Friedrich Duke of Swabia exchanged serfs with Kloster Lorch[1009].  "…Cunradus de Wicharteshein et fratres eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1171 under which Herold Bishop of Würzburg donated the church of Vieringen to Kloster Schönthal[1010].  Reinhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the foundation of a church at Reichartsroth by "Albertus de Hohenloch" by charter dated 1182, witnessed by "…Conradus de Wickartesheim et frater suus Henricus de Hohenloch…"[1011].  "…Cunradus de Wichardesheym…" witnessed the charter dated 1183 under which Boppo Graf von Wertheim granted customs privileges to Kloster Altenberg[1012]

b)         HEINRICH von Hohenlohe (-after 27 Sep 1207).  "…Cunradus de Wichartesheim et duo filii eius Cunradus et Heinricus…" witnessed the charter dated 1166 under which Friedrich Duke of Swabia exchanged serfs with Kloster Lorch[1013].  "…Conradus de Wicharteshein et filii eius Heinricus Adelbertus…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which Herold Bishop of Würzburg granted property to "Cunradus vicecomes de Nuremberc"[1014].  Reinhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the foundation of a church at Reichartsroth by "Albertus de Hohenloch" by charter dated 1182, witnessed by "…Conradus de Wickartesheim et frater suus Henricus de Hohenloch…"[1015]

-        see below

c)         ADALBERT von Hohenlohe (-[1209/16]).  "…Conradus de Wicharteshein et filii eius Heinricus Adelbertus…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which Herold Bishop of Würzburg granted property to "Cunradus vicecomes de Nuremberc"[1016].  "…Adelberto de Hohenloch…" witnessed the charter dated 1178 under which Reinhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed property of Kloster Bronnbach[1017].  Reinhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the foundation of a church at Reichartsroth by "Albertus de Hohenloch" by charter dated 1182, witnessed by "…Conradus de Wickartesheim et frater suus Henricus de Hohenloch…"[1018].  "…Heinricus et frater eius Albertus de Hohenloch…" witnessed the charter dated 1192 under which Heinrich Bishop of Würzburg confirmed donations made to his Pfarrei by "Rugger von Reicholzheim"[1019].  A charter dated 27 Sep 1207 confirmed the donation of the church at Mergentheim to the Knights of St John made by "nobilis miles Albertus de Hohenloch" with the consent of "Hedewigis coniugis sue et fratris sui Heinrici"[1020].  "…Albertus de Honloch…" witnessed the charter dated 1209 under which Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed donations made to Kloster Lutzelen made by "Siboto von Luden"[1021]m HEDWIG, daughter of --- (-after 27 Sep 1207).  A charter dated 27 Sep 1207 confirmed the donation of the church at Mergentheim to the Knights of St John made by "nobilis miles Albertus de Hohenloch" with the consent of "Hedewigis coniugis sue et fratris sui Heinrici"[1022].  A charter dated 1216 records the donation to the Knights of St John made by "nobilis matrona Hedewich de Hohenloch"[1023]

2.         HEINRICH von Weikersheim .  "…Cunradus et frater eius de Wikartesheim, Heinricus…" witnessed the charter dated 1153 under which Gebhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed a donation to Kloster Tückelhausen[1024].  

 

 

HEINRICH von Hohenlohe, son of KONRAD von Weikersheim & his wife --- (-after 27 Sep 1207).  "…Cunradus de Wichartesheim et duo filii eius Cunradus et Heinricus…" witnessed the charter dated 1166 under which Friedrich Duke of Swabia exchanged serfs with Kloster Lorch[1025].  "…Conradus de Wicharteshein et filii eius Heinricus Adelbertus…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which Herold Bishop of Würzburg granted property to "Cunradus vicecomes de Nuremberc"[1026].  Reinhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the foundation of a church at Reichartsroth by "Albertus de Hohenloch" by charter dated 1182, witnessed by "…Conradus de Wickartesheim et frater suus Henricus de Hohenloch…"[1027].  "…Heinricus et frater eius Albertus de Hohenloch…" witnessed the charter dated 1192 under which Heinrich Bishop of Würzburg confirmed donations made to his Pfarrei by "Rugger von Reicholzheim"[1028].  A charter dated 27 Sep 1207 confirmed the donation of the church at Mergentheim to the Knights of St John made by "nobilis miles Albertus de Hohenloch" with the consent of "Hedewigis coniugis sue et fratris sui Heinrici"[1029]

m firstly ---.  The name of Heinrich´s first wife is not known. 

m secondly as her first husband, ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  The charter dated 22 Dec 1219 quoted below[1030], in which Heinrich´s sons "nobiles pueri de Hohenloch Heinricus et Fridericus" are named, suggests that they must have been considerably younger than their brothers "Gotefridus et Cunradus…sorore sua Kunigunda" and therefore probably born from a second marriage of their father.  She married secondly (before 1220) Konrad Graf von Lobenhausen.  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed an exchange of property made between the Teutonic Knights and "nobilis matrona Adelheidis mater puerorum de Hohenloch, cum marito suo comite Cunrado de Lobenhusen", by charter dated 1220[1031]

Heinrich & his first wife had five children: 

1.         ANDREAS von Hohenlohe (-21 Apr [1269], bur Mergentheim).  "…Andreæ filii Heinrici de Hohenloch" is named as present in the charter dated 18 Aug 1215 under which "Otto episcopus Herbipolensis" noted the donation to the Teutonic Knights made by "Albertus de Hittenheim"[1032].  Knight of the Teutonic Order.  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donations made by "Andreas de Hohenloch" before entering the Teutonic Order, including "medietatem silve Kamervorst que fuit Friderici fratris eorum" and property held by "felicis memorie pater eorum et patruus", in the presence of "fratribus suis Gotefrido et Cunrado" and with the consent of "Kunigundim…sororem suam", by charter dated 16 Dec 1219[1033].  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donation of the church of Hollenbach made by "Godefridus de Hoenloch…cum consensu Richeze coniugis sue" to the Teutonic Order by charter dated 21 Nov 1223, witnessed by "…frater Andreas, frater Henricus de Hoenloch…"[1034].  "Frater Andreas de Hohenloch patruus noster…" witnessed the charter dated 30 Nov 1268 under which "Heinricus de Hohenloch" donated property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim[1035].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "21 Apr" of "frater Andreas de Hohenloch fundator domus nostre in Mergentheim"[1036]

2.         GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe (-[1254/55]).  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donations made by "Andreas de Hohenloch" before entering the Teutonic Order, in the presence of "fratribus suis Gotefrido et Cunrado", by charter dated 16 Dec 1219[1037].  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed an exchange of property made between "nobiles pueri de Hohenloch Heinricus et Fridericus" and "Gotefridus et Cunradus fratres eorum…cum sorore sua Kunigunda" by charter dated 22 Dec 1219[1038].  "…Dominus Heinricus de Hohenloch de domo Teutonicorum et Gotefridus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 30 Jun 1222 under which Konrad von Krautheim sold his share in Burg Vieringen to Kloster Schönthal[1039].  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donation of the church of Hollenbach made by "Godefridus de Hoenloch…cum consensu Richeze coniugis sue" to the Teutonic Order by charter dated 21 Nov 1223, witnessed by "…frater Andreas, frater Henricus de Hoenloch…"[1040].  "Godefridus de Hohenloch" confirmed the donation of property in Mergentheim made to the Teutonic Order by "dominum Walterum de Langenberch" by charter dated May 1226[1041].  "Godefridus et Conradus fratres de Hoenloch…Godefridus et uxor mea Richenza…Conradus et uxor mea Petrissa" donated property to their donation Kloster Frauenthal by charter dated [Oct] 1232, witnessed by "…fratres domus Teutonicorum Heinricus de Honloc preceptor…"[1042].  Conte di Romagna.  Emperor Friedrich II confirmed an agreement between "Godefridus de Hohenlo comes Romanie" and "Ludwicum de Stiphe" by charter dated Aug 1235[1043].  Emperor Friedrich II confirmed the sale of "castrum Virnespurc" made by "Gotfrido de Hohenloch" to "Cunradus burgravius de Nurenberc" as compensation for damage to "Ludewico de Virnesperc", by charter dated Sep 1235[1044]Reichsgraf.  "…Gotfrid und Konrad von Hohenlohe Grafen des Reichs…" witnessed the charter dated Nov 1235 under which Emperor Friedrich II donated the church at Schlanders to the Teutonic Order[1045]m RICHEZA [von Bocksberg], daughter of --- (-after 10 Dec 1262).  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donation of the church of Hollenbach made by "Godefridus de Hoenloch…cum consensu Richeze coniugis sue" to the Teutonic Order by charter dated 21 Nov 1223[1046].  "Godefridus et Conradus fratres de Hoenloch…Godefridus et uxor mea Richenza…Conradus et uxor mea Petrissa" donated property to their donation Kloster Frauenthal by charter dated [Oct] 1232[1047].  It is possible that Richenza was the sister of Kraft von Bocksberg as shown by the charter dated 15 May 1245 under which "Krafto de Bokysberc" appointed "Gothfrido sororio meo de Hohinloch" as his heir in case he died childless[1048].  Another of Richenza´s brothers was "Konrad von Krautheim" who appointed "Gotfridus de Hohenloch […vel filius eiusdem Albertus], Crafto frater meus de Bochsperch, Crafto patruus meus de Lara" as guarantors under the charter dated 17 May 1245 under which Konrad bought property from "seinem Bruder Wolfrad"[1049].  "Richza de Hohinloh relicta" donated a serf to the Knights of St John, with the consent of "filiique mei Kraftonis", by charter dated 1256[1050].  "Jutta von Schillingsfürst" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, naming "materteræ meæ dominæ Richzæ de Hohenloe et suorum filiorum meorum consanguineorum Alberti…Craftonis et Cunradi" as guarantors for her wishes to be executed, by charter dated 10 Dec 1262, witnessed by "domina Richza de Hohenloe, Albertus, Crafto, Cunradus filii eius, Agnes filia eius, Willebirck de Wertheim, Godefridus filius Alberti de Hohenloe…"[1051].  Gottfried & his wife had five children: 

a)         ALBRECHT von Hohenlohe (-[1269/71]).  "Konrad von Krautheim" appointed "Gotfridus de Hohenloch […vel filius eiusdem Albertus]…" among the guarantors under the charter dated 17 May 1245 under which he bought property from "seinem Bruder Wolfrad"[1052]

-        HERREN von HOHENLOHE-UFFENHEIM

b)         KRAFT von Hohenlohe ([1242]-19 Sep [1312/13]).  "Richza de Hohinloh relicta" donated a serf to the Knights of St John, with the consent of "filiique mei Kraftonis", by charter dated 1256[1053]

-        HERREN von HOHENLOHE-WEIKERSHEIM

c)         KONRAD von Hohenlohe (-before Jun 1277).  "Jutta von Schillingsfürst" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, naming "materteræ meæ dominæ Richzæ de Hohenloe et suorum filiorum meorum consanguineorum Alberti…Craftonis et Cunradi" as guarantors for her wishes to be executed, by charter dated 10 Dec 1262, witnessed by "domina Richza de Hohenloe, Albertus, Crafto, Cunradus filii eius, Agnes filia eius, Willebirck de Wertheim, Godefridus filius Alberti de Hohenloe…"[1054].  "Conradus nobilis de Hohenloch…Adelheidis uxoris nostre" confirmed the donation to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim made by "Hiltebrando militi de Sauwnsheim", by charter dated 14 Jun 1271, witnessed by "Crafto frater noster…"[1055].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch" sold property "in villa Bernsvelden", which "frater noster felicis recordationis Cunradus de Hohenloch" had bought from "Hiltprandum pie memorie de Sawensheim", to "domino Friderico purcgravio de Nurenberch" by charter dated 30 Jun 1277, which provides for the case when "liberi sepedicti Cunradi fratris nostri" reached the age of the majority[1056]m firstly KUNIGUNDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not been identified.  m secondly (before 1268, Papal dispensation 18 Jun 1268) BERTILDIS, daughter of ---.  Pope Clement IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of "nobilis viri Conradi de Hoinloch" and "nobilis mulieris Bertildis uxoris eius" despite her 4o consanguinity with "quondam Cunigundis uxor ipsius Conradi" dated 18 Jun 1268[1057].  [m thirdly ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  "Conradus nobilis de Hohenloch…Adelheidis uxoris nostre" confirmed the donation to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim made by "Hiltebrando militi de Sauwnsheim", by charter dated 14 Jun 1271, witnessed by "Crafto frater noster…"[1058].  It is not known whether Adelheid was a different person from Konrad´s second wife who is named Bertildis in the papal dispensation for their marriage.]  Konrad & his [first/second/third] wife had children: 

i)          GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe (-[4 Apr/23 Aug] 1290).  "Krafto dominus de Hoenlohe, Cunradus filius eiusdem, Gotfridus filius domini quondam Cunradi de Hoenlohe, Albertus filius domini quondam Gottfridi de Hoenlohe" confirmed the donation of rights over the church of Obersteinach made to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim by "Zurch miles noster vasallus" by charter dated 4 Apr 1290, witnessed by "frater Gotfridus de Hoenloch provincialis Franconie…"[1059]m ELISABETH von Wertheim, daughter of BOPPO [IV] Graf von Wertheim & his wife Mechtild von Eppstein (-1335).  "Heinricus comes de Henneberg, Godefridus de Sluzelburg et Elisabeth relicta quondam Gotfridi de Hohenloch…consensu Kunigundis et Mechtildis nostrarum collateralium" sold their part of "bonorum in Masbach…in parte comitie in Wertheim" to the Knights of St John at Mosbach by charter dated 16 Aug 1292[1060]"Kraft der edel man von Hohenloch…" sold property at Stalldorf to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim by charter dated 1292, which names "der edeln vrawen vern Elsbeten von Wertheim, diu wirtinne waz des…Gotfrides…unsers bruders sunes"[1061].  "Elsebethe von Wertheim, witewe des edelen…Gotfrides von Hohenloch, der sun was des edelen…Cunradus von Hohenloch" renounced her rights in one third of Burg Ingolstadt in favour of "dem edelen…Krafte von Hohenloch, des bruder sun er was" by charter dated 24 Feb 1293, which refers to Kraft´s first wife as "miner basen von Wertheim"[1062].  “Ulricus dominus de Hanauwe, Elisabeth nostra collateralis et Ludewicus comes de Rienecke noster sororius” sold property to Kloster Gerlachsheim and “Elisabet nobili matrone relicte quondam Gotfridi de Hohenloch nate quondam Bopponis comites de Wertheim” by charter dated 9 Oct 1297[1063]Elizabeth relicta quondam Gotfridi nobilis de Hohenloch, nata domini quondam Bopponis comitis de Wertheim” donated “duas partes ville Gerlachsheim...et villule Kutelsbrunn”, previously held by “Ludewico comite de Rienecke dicto de Rotenuels adhuc superstite nec non a domino quondam Ulrico de Hanauwe et Elisabet eius collaterali”, to Kloster Gerlachsheim by charter dated 1319[1064]Gottfried & his wife had one child: 

(a)       KONRAD von Hohenlohe"Crafto de Hohenloch, Cunradi filii tutor quondam Gotfridi de Hohenloch fratruelis nostri" issued a charter in favour of Hochstift Würzburg, relating to property donated by "quondam Cunrado fratri nostro avo C. memorati", by charter dated 23 Aug 1290[1065]

ii)         children .  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch" sold property "in villa Bernsvelden", which "frater noster felicis recordationis Cunradus de Hohenloch" had bought from "Hiltprandum pie memorie de Sawensheim", to "domino Friderico purcgravio de Nurenberch" by charter dated 30 Jun 1277, which provides for the case when "liberi sepedicti Cunradi fratris nostri" reached the age of the majority[1066]

d)         KUNIGUNDE von Hohenlohe .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated Aug 1253 under which "Gotfridus comes de Lewenstein" acknowledged an obligation relating to property in Röttingen and Strüth to "socerum meum dominum Gotfridum de Hohinloch" relating to his marriage with "filie sue Cunigundi coniugi mee"[1067]m as his first wife, GOTTFRIED Graf von Löwenstein, son of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Löwenstein & his wife [Ruthina von Beilstein-Wölfsölden] (-1278 or after). 

e)         AGNES von Hohenlohe (-after 1 Apr 1282).  "Jutta von Schillingsfürst" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, naming "materteræ meæ dominæ Richzæ de Hohenloe et suorum filiorum meorum consanguineorum Alberti…Craftonis et Cunradi" as guarantors for her wishes to be executed, by charter dated 10 Dec 1262, witnessed by "domina Richza de Hohenloe, Albertus, Crafto, Cunradus filii eius, Agnes filia eius, Willebirck de Wertheim, Godefridus filius Alberti de Hohenloe…"[1068].  "Bobba comes de Durne" sold property to Kloster Seligenthal, with the consent of "coniugis mee Agnetis de Hohinloch, fratris mei Ludewici", by charter dated 1 Apr 1282[1069]m POPPO [II] Herr von Dürn, son of POPPO [I] Herr von Dürn & his wife Euphemia von Rieneck (-after 1 Apr 1282). 

f)          [HERMANN von Hohenlohe .  Knight of the Teutonic Order.  "Godefridus de Brunecken…collectalis nostre Elysabeth" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 12 Dec 1279, witnessed by "frater Hermannus de Hohenloch patruus noster…"[1070].  The chronology is unfavourable for Hermann to have been the paternal uncle of Gottfried von Hohenlohe-Brauneck.  It is possible therefore that "patruus" should be interpreted more loosely in this document and that Hermann was the donor´s first cousin.]

3.         KONRAD von Hohenlohe (-1249).  Charters dated 1218 and 14 Apr 1219 name "Henricus de Hohenloch canonici Maioris Ecclesie Herbibolensis"[1071].  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donations made by "Andreas de Hohenloch" before entering the Teutonic Order, in the presence of "fratribus suis Gotefrido et Cunrado", by charter dated 16 Dec 1219[1072]

-        HERREN von HOHENLOHE-BRAUNECK

4.         FRIEDRICH von Hohenlohe (-before 16 Dec 1219).  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donations made by "Andreas de Hohenloch" before entering the Teutonic Order, including "medietatem silve Kamervorst que fuit Friderici fratris eorum" and property held by "felicis memorie pater eorum et patruus", in the presence of "fratribus suis Gotefrido et Cunrado", by charter dated 16 Dec 1219[1073]

5.         KUNIGUNDE von Hohenlohe (-after 22 Dec 1219).  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donations made by "Andreas de Hohenloch" before entering the Teutonic Order, with the consent of "Kunigundim…sororem suam", by charter dated 16 Dec 1219[1074].  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed an exchange of property made between "nobiles pueri de Hohenloch Heinricus et Fridericus" and "Gotefridus et Cunradus fratres eorum…cum sorore sua Kunigunda" by charter dated 22 Dec 1219[1075]

Heinrich & his second wife had two children: 

6.         HEINRICH von Hohenlohe (-Mergentheim 15 Jul [1249]).  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed an exchange of property made between "nobiles pueri de Hohenloch Heinricus et Fridericus" and "Gotefridus et Cunradus fratres eorum…cum sorore sua Kunigunda" by charter dated 22 Dec 1219[1076].  Friedrich II King of Germany confirmed the donations made to the Teutonic Order by "nobiles pueri et fratres de Hohenloch Heinricus et Fridericus", with the consent of "fratrum suorum Gotefridi et Cunradi", by charter dated Jan 1220[1077].  Knight of the Teutonic Order.  "…Dominus Heinricus de Hohenloch de domo Teutonicorum et Gotefridus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 30 Jun 1222 under which Konrad von Krautheim sold his share in Burg Vieringen to Kloster Schönthal[1078].  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donation of the church of Hollenbach made by "Godefridus de Hoenloch…cum consensu Richeze coniugis sue" to the Teutonic Order by charter dated 21 Nov 1223, witnessed by "…frater Andreas, frater Henricus de Hoenloch…"[1079].  "Godefridus et Conradus fratres de Hoenloch…Godefridus et uxor mea Richenza…Conradus et uxor mea Petrissa" donated property to their donation Kloster Frauenthal by charter dated [Oct] 1232, witnessed by "…fratres domus Teutonicorum Heinricus de Honloc preceptor…"[1080].  He was elected Grand Master of the Teutonic Order in 1243.  A charter dated 7 Jul 1244 records the settlement of a dispute involving the Teutonic Order and names "frater Henricus de Honloch magister dicte domus"[1081].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "15 Jul" of "Fr. Heinricus de Hohenloch magr. ordinis sextus"[1082]

7.         FRIEDRICH von Hohenlohe (-30 Aug [1220]).  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed an exchange of property made between "nobiles pueri de Hohenloch Heinricus et Fridericus" and "Gotefridus et Cunradus fratres eorum…cum sorore sua Kunigunda" by charter dated 22 Dec 1219[1083].  Knight of the Teutonic Order.  Friedrich II King of Germany confirmed the donations made to the Teutonic Order by "nobiles pueri et fratres de Hohenloch Heinricus et Fridericus", with the consent of "fratrum suorum Gotefridi et Cunradi", by charter dated Jan 1220[1084].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "31 Aug" of "Fr. Fridericus de Hohenloch"[1085]

 

 

 

B.      HERREN von HOHENLOHE zu UFFENHEIM

 

 

ALBRECHT von Hohenlohe, son of GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe & his wife Richeza [von Bocksberg] (-[1269/71]).  "Konrad von Krautheim" appointed "Gotfridus de Hohenloch […vel filius eiusdem Albertus]…" among the guarantors under the charter dated 17 May 1245 under which he bought property from "seinem Bruder Wolfrad"[1086].  "Albertus dominus de Hohinloh" returned property to Bamberg church which had been withheld by "pater meus Gotfridus felicis memorie" by charter dated 1255[1087].  "Jutta von Schillingsfürst" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, naming "materteræ meæ dominæ Richzæ de Hohenloe et suorum filiorum meorum consanguineorum Alberti…Craftonis et Cunradi" as guarantors for her wishes to be executed, by charter dated 10 Dec 1262, witnessed by "domina Richza de Hohenloe, Albertus, Crafto, Cunradus filii eius, Agnes filia eius, Willebirck de Wertheim, Godefridus filius Alberti de Hohenloe…"[1088].  "Albertus de Hoenloich" exchanged property with the Teutonic Order, with the consent of "uxoris nostre et filiis nostris Gotfrido et Friderico", by charter dated 12 Nov 1267, witnessed by "Heinricus de Hoenlich…"[1089]

m firstly (before May 1240) KUNIGUNDE von Henneberg, daughter of POPPO [VII] Graf von Henneberg & his second wife Jutta von Thüringen (-1257).  "Albertus dictus de Hoenloch" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, for the soul of "nostre coniugis Cunegundis iam defuncte", by charter dated 1258 "in primo anniversario nostre…uxoris"[1090].  Her parentage is confirmed by the history written by Michael de Leone, canon at Würzburg, which records a battle 8 Aug 1266 between "Alberti de Hohenloch" and "Hermanni comitis de Hennenberg…cum sororium suum Henricum comitem in Kastel" resulting from a dispute in the court of the bishop of Würzburg over the dowry of "conthoralis ipsius de Hohenloch, germane…eiusdem de Hennenberg tunc mortue"[1091]

m secondly UDELHILD, daughter of ---.  "Albertus de Hoenloich" exchanged property with the Teutonic Order, with the consent of "uxoris nostre et filiis nostris Gotfrido et Friderico", by charter dated 12 Nov 1267, witnessed by "Heinricus de Hoenlich…"[1092].  "Gottfried von Hohenlohe…mit meiner wirtin Elisabeth und meines bruders Friederichs" confirmed the entry of "meiner stieffmutter Ydelhilde" in Kloster Rotenburg, by charter dated 1271[1093].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified. 

Albrecht & his first wife had two children: 

1.         GOTTFRIED [II] von Hohenlohe (-[30 May 1289/4 Apr 1290]).  "Jutta von Schillingsfürst" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, naming "materteræ meæ dominæ Richzæ de Hohenloe et suorum filiorum meorum consanguineorum Alberti…Craftonis et Cunradi" as guarantors for her wishes to be executed, by charter dated 10 Dec 1262, witnessed by "domina Richza de Hohenloe, Albertus, Crafto, Cunradus filii eius, Agnes filia eius, Willebirck de Wertheim, Godefridus filius Alberti de Hohenloe…"[1094].  "Gottfried von Hohenlohe…mit meiner wirtin Elisabeth und meines bruders Friederichs" confirmed the entry of "meiner stieffmutter Ydelhilde" in Kloster Rotenburg, by charter dated 1271[1095].  "Chunradus burgravius de [Nurnberch]" requested help from "fratri suo Friderico burchgravio de Nurnberch" in repaying a debt to "noster sororius Gotfridus de Hohenloch" by charter dated to [Jan 1280][1096].  "Gotfridus nobilis de Hohenloch" confirmed the sale of property by "Bertoldum de Ehinheim" to "Walthero de Holzchirichin" by charter dated 11 Apr 1283[1097].  "Gotfridus nobilis de Hohenloch…consortis nostre domine Elyzabet" sold revenue from Adelshofen to the Order of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 13 Mar 1285[1098].  "Gotfridus nobilis de Hohinnloch…cum filiis nostris…Alberto et Friderico" confirmed the sale of property to the Teutonic Knights at Würzburg made by "Wolframus dictus de Buchbrunnen" by charter dated 23 Mar 1288[1099].  "Got. nobilis de Hohenloch" granted customs exemptions to Kloster Seligenthal by charter dated 31 Dec 1288[1100].  "Gotfridus de Hohenloc et filii nostri Albertus, Fridericus, Gozzo et Cunradus" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim by charter dated 30 May 1289[1101]m (before 8 Sep 1269) ELISABETH von Zollern, daughter of FRIEDRICH III Burggraf von Nürnberg & his first wife Elisabeth von Andechs-Merano (-before 24 Feb 1288).  "Burggraf Friedrich von Nürnberg" donated property to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "uxoris sue Elyssabeth ac predicte sororis sue et trium quas tunc habuit filiarum nec non Ludewici comitis iunioris de Oetingen ac Gotfridi iunioris de Hohenloch…generi burcgravii prelibati" by charter dated 8 Sep 1269[1102].  "Gottfried von Hohenlohe…mit meiner wirtin Elisabeth und meines bruders Friederichs" confirmed the entry of "meiner stieffmutter Ydelhilde" in Kloster Rotenburg, by charter dated 1271[1103].  "Gotfridus nobilis de Hohenloch…consortis nostre domine Elyzabet" sold revenue from Adelshofen to the Order of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 13 Mar 1285[1104].  "Gotfridus nobilis de Hohenloch" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, for the soul of "uxoris nostre…quondam pie memorie Elizabet", by charter dated 24 Feb 1288[1105].  Gottfried [II] & his wife had five children: 

a)         ALBRECHT [II] von Hohenlohe (-1312).  "Gotfridus nobilis de Hohinnloch…cum filiis nostris…Alberto et Friderico" confirmed the sale of property to the Teutonic Knights at Würzburg made by "Wolframus dictus de Buchbrunnen" by charter dated 23 Mar 1288[1106]

-        see below

b)         FRIEDRICH von Hohenlohe (-after 13 Jul 1333).  "Gotfridus nobilis de Hohinnloch…cum filiis nostris…Alberto et Friderico" confirmed the sale of property to the Teutonic Knights at Würzburg made by "Wolframus dictus de Buchbrunnen" by charter dated 23 Mar 1288[1107].  "Albertum et Fridericum fratres dictos de Hohinloch" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 13 Jul 1280 (misdated), which names "patris nostri Gotfridi bone memorie"[1108].  "Gotfridus de Hohenloc et filii nostri Albertus, Fridericus, Gozzo et Cunradus" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim by charter dated 30 May 1289[1109].  "Albertus et Fridericus fratres domini de Hohenloch" sold "castrum in Ergersheim", left to them by "pater noster quondam Godfridus de Hohenloch", to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem "pro nobis et Godfrido fratre nostro et Elysabet sorore nostra iinfra annos constitutis quorum nos Albertus…tutor" by charter dated 8 and 12 Feb 1291[1110]

c)         GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe (-1322, bur Würzburg Cathedral).  "Gotfridus de Hohenloc et filii nostri Albertus, Fridericus, Gozzo et Cunradus" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim by charter dated 30 May 1289[1111].  "Albertus et Fridericus fratres domini de Hohenloch" sold "castrum in Ergersheim", left to them by "pater noster quondam Godfridus de Hohenloch", to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem "pro nobis et Godfrido fratre nostro et Elysabet sorore nostra iinfra annos constitutis quorum nos Albertus…tutor" by charter dated 8 and 12 Feb 1291[1112].  "Albertus de Hohenloch et Adelheydis uxor nostra" sold property in Weigenheim to Kloster Heilsbronn, naming "Gotfridus frater noster" as fiduciary, by charter dated 26 Feb 1303[1113].  Bishop of Würzburg 1314. 

d)         KONRAD von Hohenlohe (-[30 May 1289/1 Feb 1291]).  "Gotfridus de Hohenloc et filii nostri Albertus, Fridericus, Gozzo et Cunradus" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim by charter dated 30 May 1289[1114]

e)         ELISABETH von Hohenlohe .  "Albertus et Fridericus fratres domini de Hohenloch" sold "castrum in Ergersheim", left to them by "pater noster quondam Godfridus de Hohenloch", to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem "pro nobis et Godfrido fratre nostro et Elysabet sorore nostra iinfra annos constitutis quorum nos Albertus…tutor" by charter dated 8 and 12 Feb 1291[1115]

2.         AGNES von Hohenlohe (-after 20 Jun 1288).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [Jan 1280] under which "Chunradus burgravius de [Nurnberch]" requested help from "fratri suo Friderico burchgravio de Nurnberch" in repaying a debt to "noster sororius Gotfridus de Hohenloch"[1116].  The dates of death of her two oldest daughters indicate that she must have been the daughter of her father´s first marriage.  "Burggraf Konrad der jüngere…cum uxore nostra Agnete et…K. et G. de Hohinloch" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim by charter dated 20 Jun 1288[1117]m as his first wife, KONRAD II Burggraf von Nürnberg, son of KONRAD I Burggraf von Nürnberg [Hohenzollern] & his [second] wife --- (-6 Jul 1314, bur Spalt St Nikolaus). 

Albrecht & his [second] wife had two children:  

3.         FRIEDRICH von Hohenlohe (-before 30 Dec 1290).  "Albertus de Hoenloich" exchanged property with the Teutonic Order, with the consent of "uxoris nostre et filiis nostris Gotfrido et Friderico", by charter dated 12 Nov 1267, witnessed by "Heinricus de Hoenlich…"[1118].  "Gottfried von Hohenlohe…mit meiner wirtin Elisabeth und meines bruders Friederichs" confirmed the entry of "meiner stieffmutter Ydelhilde" in Kloster Rotenburg, by charter dated 1271[1119].  Rudolf I King of Germany settled a dispute between "Fridericum de Hohenloch" and Stift Ansbach by charter dated 12 Jul 1281, witnessed by "Fridericus burgravius de Nurenberg, Got. de Hohenloch frater Friderici predicti, Erkingerus de Sawenshein…"[1120]m SOPHIE von Henneberg, daughter of --- (-after 12 Dec 1300).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   "Sophia relicta nobilis viri quondam Friderici de Hohenloch" gave "castrum Beierbach" to "Friderico burcgravio de Nurenberch avunculo nostro" to be destroyed, by charter dated 30 Dec 1290, in the presence of "Heinrici filii nostri"[1121].  "Sophia relicta quondam Friderici nobilis de Hoenio ac Heinricus filius noster…cum liberis nostris" renounced rights in property at Rodheim in favour of Michaelskloster in Bamberg by charter dated 4 Mar 1292[1122].  "Fridreich von Hohenloch…mit meiner muter graevinn Sopheyen" promised property to "meinem…bruder Heinrichen…und meiner…swester seiner wirtinn graevinne Elspet" by charter dated 12 Dec 1300[1123].  Friedrich & his wife had [three or more] children: 

a)         HEINRICH von Hohenlohe (-after 1327).  "Sophia relicta nobilis viri quondam Friderici de Hohenloch" gave "castrum Beierbach" to "Friderico burcgravio de Nurenberch avunculo nostro" to be destroyed, by charter dated 30 Dec 1290, in the presence of "Heinrici filii nostri"[1124].  "Sophia relicta quondam Friderici nobilis de Hoenio ac Heinricus filius noster…cum liberis nostris" renounced rights in property at Rodheim in favour of Michaelskloster in Bamberg by charter dated 4 Mar 1292[1125].  "Fridreich von Hohenloch…mit meiner muter graevinn Sopheyen" promised property to "meinem…bruder Heinrichen…und meiner…swester seiner wirtinn graevinne Elspet" by charter dated 12 Dec 1300[1126].  "Hainrich der edele von Hochenloch und unser hausfrau fraw Elspet" agreed to observe an agreement between "graf Hainrich von Pfannberch" and Stift St Paul in Carinthia by charter dated 17 Mar 1303[1127]Graf von Hohenlohe.  "Hainricus comes de Hohenloch" granted toll concessions at Drauburg to Kloster Viktring, in the presence of "domino nostro et socero Ulrico comite de Heunburch et filio suo comite Friderico", by charter dated 1303[1128]Hainrich von Hohenloch und...grefinne Elsebete des vorgenanten herren...husfrauwe” guaranteed property “ze Volkach” to “unser...oheim grave Hermanne von Kastel und unser...muem grefin Margrete sin...wirtin” by charter dated 13 Mar 1314[1129].  “Friderich Graf von Castel und Friderich von Hohenlohe, beide Domherren zu Würzburg und Bamberg”, in place of “Heinrichs von Hohenlohe genannt von Weinsberg”, donated “einen Theil des Weinsbergs bei Volfach” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 14 Jul 1319[1130].  He is named as deceased in the 5 Apr 1332 charter of his brother Friedrich, quoted below.  m (before 12 Dec 1300) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Heunberg, widow of HERMANN Graf von Pfannberg, daughter of ULRICH [II] Graf von Heunberg & his [second] wife Agnes von Baden (-6 Feb 1329).  "Fridreich von Hohenloch…mit meiner muter graevinn Sopheyen" promised property to "meinem…bruder Heinrichen…und meiner…swester seiner wirtinn graevinne Elspet" by charter dated 12 Dec 1300[1131].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1303 under which her husband "Hainricus comes de Hohenloch" granted toll concessions at Drauburg to Kloster Viktring, in the presence of "domino nostro et socero Ulrico comite de Heunburch et filio suo comite Friderico"[1132].  "Hainrich der edele von Hochenloch und unser hausfrau fraw Elspet" agreed to observe an agreement between "graf Hainrich von Pfannberch" and Stift St Paul in Carinthia by charter dated 17 Mar 1303[1133]Hainrich von Hohenloch und...grefinne Elsebete des vorgenanten herren...husfrauwe” guaranteed property “ze Volkach” to “unser...oheim grave Hermanne von Kastel und unser...muem grefin Margrete sin...wirtin” by charter dated 13 Mar 1314[1134]The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "6 Feb" of "Nobilis Dna Elysabeth de Hohenloch" and her donation "de bonis in Tyerbach"[1135]

b)         FRIEDRICH von Hohenlohe (-1351).  "Fridreich von Hohenloch…mit meiner muter graevinn Sopheyen" promised property to "meinem…bruder Heinrichen…und meiner…swester seiner wirtinn graevinne Elspet" by charter dated 12 Dec 1300[1136].  Canon at Würzburg and Bamberg: Friderich Graf von Castel und Friderich von Hohenlohe, beide Domherren zu Würzburg und Bamberg”, in place of “Heinrichs von Hohenlohe genannt von Weinsberg”, donated “einen Theil des Weinsbergs bei Volfach” to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 14 Jul 1319[1137].  “Fridericus de Hohenloch decanus ecclesie Babenbergensis et canonicus ecclesie Herbipolensis” renounced rights in property “opidi Volkach”, sold by “felicis memorie Henricum de Hohenloch germanum nostrum et dominam Elizabeth conthoralem suam” to “Fridericum de Kastele comitem avunculum nostrum”, by charter dated 5 Apr 1332[1138].  His precise family relationship with Friedrich [IV] Graf von Kastell has not been ascertained. 

c)         children .  "Sophia relicta quondam Friderici nobilis de Hoenio ac Heinricus filius noster…cum liberis nostris" renounced rights in property at Rodheim in favour of Michaelskloster in Bamberg by charter dated 4 Mar 1292[1139]

4.         ALBRECHT von Hohenlohe (-1338).  "Albertus de Hohenloch oppidi in Mekemulen dominus" donated property to Kloster Seligenthal, for the souls of "bone memorie Gotfrido fratre nostro de Hochenloch…et pie recordationis Elizabet uxoris sue", by charter dated 29 Apr 1290[1140]m HEDWIG von Castell, daughter of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Castell & his [first/second] wife [Sophia von Oettingen/Adelheid von Nürnberg] (-after 1331)

 

 

The following reconstruction is an incomplete outline only, added mainly to show hyperlinks to other families in Medieval Lands.  The primary sources which confirm the family relationships have not been identified unless otherwise shown below. 

 

ALBRECHT [II] von Hohenlohe, son of GOTTFRIED [II] von Hohenlohe & his wife Elisabeth von Zollern (-1312).  "Gotfridus nobilis de Hohinnloch…cum filiis nostris…Alberto et Friderico" confirmed the sale of property to the Teutonic Knights at Würzburg made by "Wolframus dictus de Buchbrunnen" by charter dated 23 Mar 1288[1141].  "Albertum et Fridericum fratres dictos de Hohinloch" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 13 Jul 1280 (misdated), which names "patris nostri Gotfridi bone memorie"[1142].  "Gotfridus de Hohenloc et filii nostri Albertus, Fridericus, Gozzo et Cunradus" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim by charter dated 30 May 1289[1143].  "Krafto dominus de Hoenlohe, Cunradus filius eiusdem, Gotfridus filius domini quondam Cunradi de Hoenlohe, Albertus filius domini quondam Gottfridi de Hoenlohe" confirmed the donation of rights over the church of Obersteinach made to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim by "Zurch miles noster vasallus" by charter dated 4 Apr 1290, witnessed by "frater Gotfridus de Hoenloch provincialis Franconie…"[1144].  "Albertus et Fridericus fratres domini de Hohenloch" sold "castrum in Ergersheim", left to them by "pater noster quondam Godfridus de Hohenloch", to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem "pro nobis et Godfrido fratre nostro et Elysabet sorore nostra iinfra annos constitutis quorum nos Albertus…tutor" by charter dated 8 and 12 Feb 1291[1145].  "Albertus de Hohenloch et Adelheydis uxor nostra" sold property in Weigenheim to Kloster Heilsbronn, naming "Gotfridus frater noster" as fiduciary, by charter dated 26 Feb 1303[1146]

m (1289) ADELHEID, daughter of --- (-1338).  "Albertus de Hohenloch et Adelheydis uxor nostra" sold property in Weigenheim to Kloster Heilsbronn, naming "Gotfridus frater noster" as fiduciary, by charter dated 26 Feb 1303[1147].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified. 

Albrecht [II] & his wife had children: 

1.         LUDWIG von Hohenlohe (-1356)m (before 16 Aug 1326) ELISABETH von Nassau-Weilburg, daughter of GERLACH I Graf von Nassau in Wiesbaden, Idstein and Weilburg & his first wife Agnes von Hessen (-after 1370).  Ludwig & his wife had children: 

a)         GERLACH von Hohenlohe (before 1344-after 27 Jan 1392).  m (before 13 Aug 1358) as her third husband, MARGARETA von Bayern, widow firstly of JOHANN I "das Kind" Duke of Lower Bavaria in Landshut and secondly of ISTVÁN of Hungary Duke in Transylvania, daughter of Emperor LUDWIG IV King of Germany, Duke of Bavaria Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his second wife Marguerite de Hainaut [Avesnes] Ctss de Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland (1325-1374). 

b)         GOTTFRIED [III] von Hohenlohe (-before 27 Jan 1392)m ANNA von Henneberg, daughter of JOHANN [I] Graf von Henneberg in Schleusingen & his wife Elisabeth von Leuchtenberg (-after 17 Jul 1388).  Gottfried [III] & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHANN von Hohenlohe (-before 31 Jan 1413).  Johans von Hohenloch herrn Goetzen von Hohenloch seligen sun” confirmed that “unserr...veter selig Gerlach von Hohenloch, unserr...vater selige Götz von Hohenloch” had sold “unserm slossze Geylnawe”, with the consent of “unserm...ohem Wilhelm graven zu Kastell, unserm...swoger Lynharden graven tzu Kastel...unserr...ohem Fridrich burkgrave tzu Nürnberg under der edell Berchtolt grave zu Hennenbergk unserr...oheme, unserr...swester frawen Annen...”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1392[1148].  “Linhart graffe und herre zu Kastel, Anna von Hohenloch geboren sein...husfraw” sold “under sloss Geylenaw” to “Seitzen Fischlein und Burckart Eberhart”, in the presence of “herr Johanns von Hohenloch...”, by charter dated 9 Mar 1400[1149].  Johann Bishop of Würzburg settled a dispute between “Linhart grave czu Castell” and “Friderich Schencke herre czu Limpurg...frawen Elsen geboren von Hohenloch seiner...hawsfrawen” concerning the inheritance of “hern Johannsen von Hohenlochs ires swagers seligen” by charter dated 31 Jan 1413[1150]

ii)         ANNA von Hohenlohe (-after 9 Mar 1400).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the following document: Johans von Hohenloch herrn Goetzen von Hohenloch seligen sun” confirmed that “unserr...veter selig Gerlach von Hohenloch, unserr...vater selige Götz von Hohenloch” had sold “unserm slossze Geylnawe”, with the consent of “unserm...ohem Wilhelm graven zu Kastell, unserm...swoger Lynharden graven tzu Kastel...unserr...ohem Fridrich burkgrave tzu Nürnberg under der edell Berchtolt grave zu Hennenbergk unserr...oheme, unserr...swester frawen Annen...”, by charter dated 8 Aug 1392[1151].  “Linhart graffe und herre zu Kastel, Anna von Hohenloch geboren sein...husfraw” sold “under sloss Geylenaw” to “Seitzen Fischlein und Burckart Eberhart”, in the presence of “herr Johanns von Hohenloch...”, by charter dated 9 Mar 1400[1152]m (before 8 Aug 1392) LEONHARD [I] Graf von Castell, son of FRIEDRICH [VII] Graf von Castell & his wife --- von Nassau (-1426). 

iii)        ELISABETH von Hohenlohe (-after 25 Feb 1435)Johann Bishop of Würzburg settled a dispute between “Linhart grave czu Castell” and “Friderich Schencke herre czu Limpurg...frawen Elsen geboren von Hohenloch seiner...hawsfrawen” concerning the inheritance of “hern Johannsen von Hohenlochs ires swagers seligen” by charter dated 31 Jan 1413[1153].  “Frau Elizabeth Schenckin zu Lympurg geborne von Hohenloch Wittwe” acknowledged receiving a guarantee from “Grafen Wilhelm zu Castell ihren Oheim” relating to payments for “ihren Sohn Cunrat Schenk der Aeltern” relating to the purchase of “des halben Schlosses Speckvelt”, by charter dated 25 Feb 1435[1154]m FRIEDRICH Schenk von Limpurg, son of --- (-1414). 

2.         ELISABETH von Hohenlohe (-[1344]).  “Alheitt Grefine zu Rineck Widtwe, etwan...Hausfraw Hern Gerharts selgen Grafen zu Rineck" sold property to Kloster Schönau, with the consent of “Ludewigs unnsers Sunes, Elsen seiner...Hawsfrawen, Heynrich unnsers Sunes, Alheiden seiner...Hawsfrawen, Graffen zu Ryeneck”, by charter dated 1319[1155]m LUDWIG [VI] Graf von Rieneck, son of GERHARD [IV] Graf von Rieneck & his wife Adelheid von Hohenlohe (-1330). 

3.         ANNA von Hohenlohe (-after 1340)m ([1316/17] as his second wife, BERTHOLD [IV] Graf von Henneberg, son of BERTHOLD [III] Graf von Hennberg & his wife Sophie von Schwarzburg (1271-Schmalkalden 3 Apr 1340). 

 

 

 

C.      HERREN von HOHENLOHE in WEIKERSHEIM

 

 

KRAFT von Hohenlohe, son of GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe & his wife Richeza [von Bocksberg] ([1242]-19 Sep [1312/13]).  "Richza de Hohinloh relicta" donated a serf to the Knights of St John, with the consent of "filiique mei Kraftonis", by charter dated 1256[1156].  "Jutta von Schillingsfürst" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, naming "materteræ meæ dominæ Richzæ de Hohenloe et suorum filiorum meorum consanguineorum Alberti…Craftonis et Cunradi" as guarantors for her wishes to be executed, by charter dated 10 Dec 1262, witnessed by "domina Richza de Hohenloe, Albertus, Crafto, Cunradus filii eius, Agnes filia eius, Willebirck de Wertheim, Godefridus filius Alberti de Hohenloe…"[1157].  "Krafto de Hohinloch…Willebirgis nobilis matrone coniugis nostre" donated the Vogtei over Ohrnberg to Stift Öhringen, with the consent of "filii nostri…Gotfridus, Boppo et Cunradus", by charter dated 1270[1158].  "Krafto de Hohenloch…Boppo filius meus primogenitus…alter filiorum meorum" acknowledged a debt relating to the purchase of "castrum Lyndenfels" from "marchionibus de Baden…Hermanno, Rudolfo et Hessone" to "dominus meus Ludewicus comes palatini Reni dux Bavarie" by charter dated 29 Apr 1277[1159].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch" sold property "in villa Bernsvelden", which "frater noster felicis recordationis Cunradus de Hohenloch" had bought from "Hiltprandum pie memorie de Sawensheim", to "domino Friderico purcgravio de Nurenberch" by charter dated 30 Jun 1277, which provides for the case when "liberi sepedicti Cunradi fratris nostri" reached the age of the majority[1160].  "Krafto dominus de Hohinloch tutor Cunradi filii quondam Cunradi de Bockisberg avunculi nostri…cum filio nostro Cunrado" confirmed a donation to the Order of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 2 Jan 1287[1161].  "Dominus noster Crafto de Hohenloch, Cunradus, Crafto filii eiusdem domini nostri…" witnessed the charter dated 13 Jan 1290 under which Konrad Lesch von Uffigheim sold property to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim[1162].  "Krafto dominus de Hoenlohe, Cunradus filius eiusdem, Gotfridus filius domini quondam Cunradi de Hoenlohe, Albertus filius domini quondam Gottfridi de Hoenlohe" confirmed the donation of rights over the church of Obersteinach made to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim by "Zurch miles noster vasallus" by charter dated 4 Apr 1290, witnessed by "frater Gotfridus de Hoenloch provincialis Franconie…"[1163].  "Crafto de Hohenloch, Cunradi filii tutor quondam Gotfridi de Hohenloch fratruelis nostri" issued a charter in favour of Hochstift Würzburg, relating to property donated by "quondam Cunrado fratri nostro avo C. memorati", by charter dated 23 Aug 1290[1164].  "Krafto nobilis dominus de Hohenloch…cum…Margarete uxoris nostre et Cunradi filii nostri" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 23 May 1291[1165].  "Hedevigis comitissa de Zigenhagen et Gotfridus filius eius" sold Burg Bütthard to "domino Kraftoni et domino Cunrado filio suo de Hohenloch" by charter dated 27 Oct 1291[1166].  "Kraft der edel man von Hohenloch…Margereten von Truhendingen unser…wirtinne und Cuunraden unsers sunes, den wir haben bi unser ersten wirtinne seliger von Wertheim, und auch Kraftes unsers sunes" sold property at Stalldorf to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim by charter dated 1292, which names "der edeln vrawen vern Elsbeten von Wertheim, diu wirtinne waz des…Gotfrides…unsers bruders sunes"[1167].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch, Agnes matrona nobilis nostra collateralis et filii nostri Cunradus et Krafto" sold property to Kloster Schönthal by charter dated 3 Jul 1294, which refers to when "filie nostre…ex matrona nobili Margareta de Truhendingen genuimus heu defuncta" reached the age of majority[1168].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch…cum Cunrado, Kraftone et Gotfrido filiis nostris" donated rights over the churches of Belsenburg and Ingelfingen to Stift Öhringen by charter dated 6 Jul 1307[1169]

m firstly (before 10 Dec 1262) WILLIBERG von Wertheim, daughter of [BOPPO [III] Graf von Wertheim & his wife Kunigunde von Rieneck] (-before 8 Jan 1279).  Her family origin is indicated by the 1292 charter quoted below.  The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not been identified, but the chronology suggests that she was the daughter of Graf Boppo [III].  "Jutta von Schillingsfürst" donated property to Kloster Schäftersheim, naming "materteræ meæ dominæ Richzæ de Hohenloe et suorum filiorum meorum consanguineorum Alberti…Craftonis et Cunradi" as guarantors for her wishes to be executed, by charter dated 10 Dec 1262, witnessed by "domina Richza de Hohenloe, Albertus, Crafto, Cunradus filii eius, Agnes filia eius, Willebirck de Wertheim, Godefridus filius Alberti de Hohenloe…"[1170].  Her family origin is confirmed by the charter dated 1292 under which her husband "Kraft der edel man von Hohenloch…Margereten von Truhendingen unser…wirtinne und Cuunraden unsers sunes, den wir haben bi unser ersten wirtinne seliger von Wertheim" sold property at Stalldorf to the Teutonic Order[1171].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenlouch…Willebirgis uxoris nostre" sold property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim by charter dated 11 Aug 1268[1172].  "Krafto de Hohinloch…Willebirgis nobilis matrone coniugis nostre" donated the Vogtei over Ohrnberg to Stift Öhringen, with the consent of "filii nostri…Gotfridus, Boppo et Cunradus", by charter dated 1270[1173]

m secondly ([1280/85], Papal dispensation 30 Aug 1288) MARGARETA von Truhendingen, daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf von Truhendingen & his wife --- (-11 Nov [1293/94]).  Pope Nicholas IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of "Kraftonis de Hohenloch" and "nobilis mulieris Margarete uxoris eius", whose marriage to "Gotfridus ipsius Kraftonis filius" had previously been agreed by "quondam Fredericus comes de Truhendingen…pater ipsius Margarete dum viveret et predictus Krafto" before he joined the Teutonic Order, dated 30 Aug 1288[1174].  "Krafto nobilis dominus de Hohenloch…cum…Margarete uxoris nostre et Cunradi filii nostri" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 23 May 1291[1175].  "Kraft der edel man von Hohenloch…Margereten von Truhendingen unser…wirtinne und Cuunraden unsers sunes, den wir haben bi unser ersten wirtinne seliger von Wertheim" sold property at Stalldorf to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim by charter dated 1292[1176].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "11 Nov" of "domina Margaretha uxor domini Craftonis de Hohenloch"[1177]

m thirdly (before 3 Jul 1295) as her third husband, AGNES von Württemberg, widow firstly of KONRAD [IV] Graf von Oettingen and secondly of FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Truhendingen, daughter of ULRICH I "mit dem Daumen" Graf von Württemberg & his first wife Mechtild von Baden (-27 Sep 1305, bur Mergentheim Dominikaner Kloster).  "Cunradus comes iunior de Otingen" sold property in Merkendorf and Gerwigesdorf to Kloster Halsbrunn, with the consent of "uxoris suæ Agnetis necnon…Ludowici patris sui et Ludowici fratris", by charter dated 7 May 1275[1178].  "Cunradus iunior comes de Oetingen" sold Biberbach to the Teutonic Knights in Eschenbach, with the consent of "uxoris Agnetis de Wirtinberc", by charter dated 19 Jun 1275[1179].  "Graf Friedrich von Truhendingen…cum…coniuge nostra Agnete" donated the Vogtei over Kloster Solnhofen to Fulda by charter dated 11 Jan 1282[1180].  Rudolf I King of Germany confirmed the agreement under which Eberhard Graf von Württemberg appointed "siner swester der vrowen von Troendigen" as his heir if he died childless, by charter dated [May] 1285[1181].  Pope Nicholas IV granted a dispensation for the marriage of "Frederico comite de Truendigen" and "nobili muliere Agnete nata quondam Ulrici comitis de Wirtenberc" for 4o consanguinity between themselves and between Friedrich and "quondam Conrado comiti de Oetingen olim viro ipsius Agnetis", dated 13 Jun 1288[1182].  "Agnes…comitissa de Truhendingen" donated Melkendorf bei Schletzlitz to Kloster Langheim, ini accordance with the wishes of "felicissime recordationis domini Friderici quondam comitis de Truhendingen mariti nostri" and with the consent of "liberorum nostrorum", by charter dated 13 Apr 1290[1183].  "Fridericus comes de Truhendingen" sold the Vogtei over Hohenstat and Nenzenhove to the abbot of Heidenheim, with the consent of "fratrum suorum Ulrici et Ottonis et matris suæ Agnetis", by charter dated 11 Feb 1294[1184].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch, Agnes matrona nobilis nostra collateralis et filii nostri Cunradus et Krafto" sold property to Kloster Schönthal by charter dated 3 Jul 1294[1185].  Her parentage and third marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 25 Apr 1298 under which "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch…cum Cunrado et Krafthone natis nostris…nobilis matrone Agnetis de Wirtenberg thori nostri" sold property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim[1186].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "V Kal Oct 1305" of "Agnes nobilis de Hohenloch" and her donation[1187]

Kraft & his first wife had three children: 

1.         BOPPO von Hohenlohe (-after 29 Apr 1277).  "Krafto de Hohinloch…Willebirgis nobilis matrone coniugis nostre" donated the Vogtei over Ohrnberg to Stift Öhringen, with the consent of "filii nostri…Gotfridus, Boppo et Cunradus", by charter dated 1270[1188].  "Krafto de Hohenloch…Boppo filius meus primogenitus…alter filiorum meorum" acknowledged a debt relating to the purchase of "castrum Lyndenfels" from "marchionibus de Baden…Hermanno, Rudolfo et Hessone" to "dominus meus Ludewicus comes palatini Reni dux Bavarie" by charter dated 29 Apr 1277[1189]

2.         GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe (-19 Oct 1310).  "Krafto de Hohinloch…Willebirgis nobilis matrone coniugis nostre" donated the Vogtei over Ohrnberg to Stift Öhringen, with the consent of "filii nostri…Gotfridus, Boppo et Cunradus", by charter dated 1270[1190].  Knight of the Teutonic Order.  "Krafto dominus de Hoenlohe, Cunradus filius eiusdem, Gotfridus filius domini quondam Cunradi de Hoenlohe, Albertus filius domini quondam Gottfridi de Hoenlohe" confirmed the donation of rights over the church of Obersteinach made to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim by "Zurch miles noster vasallus" by charter dated 4 Apr 1290, witnessed by "frater Gotfridus de Hoenloch provincialis Franconie…"[1191].  Grand Master of the Teutonic Order.  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "19 Oct 1310" of "Fr. Gotfridus de Hohenloch magr. ordinis"[1192]Betrothed to MARGARETA von Truhendingen, daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf von Truhendingen & his wife --- (-[1293/94]).  She later married Gottfried’s father.  Pope Nicholas IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of "Kraftonis de Hohenloch" and "nobilis mulieris Margarete uxoris eius", whose marriage to "Gotfridus ipsius Kraftonis filius" had previously been agreed by "quondam Fredericus comes de Truhendingen…pater ipsius Margarete dum viveret et predictus Krafto" before he joined the Teutonic Order, dated 30 Aug 1288[1193]

3.         KONRAD von Hohenlohe (-[1329/30]).  "Krafto de Hohinloch…Willebirgis nobilis matrone coniugis nostre" donated the Vogtei over Ohrnberg to Stift Öhringen, with the consent of "filii nostri…Gotfridus, Boppo et Cunradus", by charter dated 1270[1194].  "Krafto dominus de Hohinloch tutor Cunradi filii quondam Cunradi de Bockisberg avunculi nostri…cum filio nostro Cunrado" confirmed a donation to the Order of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 2 Jan 1287[1195].  "Dominus noster Crafto de Hohenloch, Cunradus, Crafto filii eiusdem domini nostri…" witnessed the charter dated 13 Jan 1290 under which Konrad Lesch von Uffigheim sold property to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim[1196].  "Krafto dominus de Hoenlohe, Cunradus filius eiusdem, Gotfridus filius domini quondam Cunradi de Hoenlohe, Albertus filius domini quondam Gottfridi de Hoenlohe" confirmed the donation of rights over the church of Obersteinach made to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim by "Zurch miles noster vasallus" by charter dated 4 Apr 1290, witnessed by "frater Gotfridus de Hoenloch provincialis Franconie…"[1197].  "Krafto nobilis dominus de Hohenloch…cum…Margarete uxoris nostre et Cunradi filii nostri" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated 23 May 1291[1198].  "Kraft der edel man von Hohenloch…Margereten von Truhendingen unser…wirtinne und Cuunraden unsers sunes, den wir haben bi unser ersten wirtinne seliger von Wertheim" sold property at Stalldorf to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim by charter dated 1292[1199].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch, Agnes matrona nobilis nostra collateralis et filii nostri Cunradus et Krafto" sold property to Kloster Schönthal by charter dated 3 Jul 1294[1200].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch…cum Cunrado, Kraftone et Gotfrido filiis nostris" donated rights over the churches of Belsenburg and Ingelfingen to Stift Öhringen by charter dated 6 Jul 1307[1201]m firstly ---.  The primary source which names Konrad’s first wife has not been identified.  Her daughter Jutta is named “Gute genant von Wilenau” in the 1317 charter quoted below, which may refer to her mother’s family origin.  m secondly (before 1 May 1313) ELISABETH von Oettingen, daughter of LUDWIG [V] Graf von Oettingen & his wife Marie von Nürnberg [Zollern] (-after 30 Jan 1333).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has been identified.  Konrad & his first wife had two children: 

a)         ADELHEID von Hohenlohe (-22 Sep 1359).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m JOHANN Graf von Helfenstein, son of ULRICH [III] Graf von Helfenstein & his first wife Adelheid von Graisbach (-1 Jun 1340)

b)         JUTTA von Hohenlohe (-after 1317).  The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not been identified.  “Boppe...Grave von Eberstein und...Gute genant von Wilenau sin...Wirtin” shared “unser halb teil der Burge ze Brotselden” with “unser Mumen...Elsbeten von Hohenloch Herren Gotefrides selic...Witewen” by charter dated 1317[1202]m (before 12 Mar 1306) BOPPO [I] Graf von Eberstein, son of WOLFRAD Graf von Eberstein & his wife Kunigunde von Wertheim (-after Sep 1340). 

Kraft & his second wife had children: 

4.         KRAFT [II] von Hohenlohe (-8 May 1344).  "Dominus noster Crafto de Hohenloch, Cunradus, Crafto filii eiusdem domini nostri…" witnessed the charter dated 13 Jan 1290 under which Konrad Lesch von Uffigheim sold property to the Teutonic Knights at Mergentheim[1203]The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses record that Ludwig Duke of Bavaria was killed "apud civitatem Nurenberg in hastiludio per Kraftonen de Hohenloch" and buried at Fürstenfeld next to his mother[1204], dated to 23 Nov 1290 by other sources.  "Kraft der edel man von Hohenloch…Margereten von Truhendingen unser…wirtinne und Cuunraden unsers sunes, den wir haben bi unser ersten wirtinne seliger von Wertheim, und auch Kraftes unsers sunes" sold property at Stalldorf to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim by charter dated 1292[1205].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch, Agnes matrona nobilis nostra collateralis et filii nostri Cunradus et Krafto" sold property to Kloster Schönthal by charter dated 3 Jul 1294[1206].  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch…cum Cunrado, Kraftone et Gotfrido filiis nostris" donated rights over the churches of Belsenburg and Ingelfingen to Stift Öhringen by charter dated 6 Jul 1307[1207]"Kraft von Hohenloch, Adelheid sin eliche Husfrowe" exchanged his part of Ritzingen with "Gotfrid von Hohenloch unser…bruder und Elizabet sin eliche Husfrowe" for Königshofen by charter dated 2 Oct 1321, which names "Boppe von Everstein unser Oheim" as guarantor[1208].  "Craft von Hohenloch, frowe Adelheid sin elich Husfrowe, Tochter Graven Eberhards von Wirtenberg" donated property to Kloster Gnadenthal by charter dated 7 Jan 1328[1209]m (before 21 Dec 1306) ADELHEID von Württemberg, daughter of EBERHARD I "der Erlauchte" Graf von Württemberg & his wife Irmgard von Baden (1295-13 Sep 1342, bur Gnadenthal).  "Kraft von Hohenloch, Adelheid sin eliche Husfrowe" exchanged his part of Ritzingen with "Gotfrid von Hohenloch unser…bruder und Elizabet sin eliche Husfrowe" for Königshofen by charter dated 2 Oct 1321, which names "Boppe von Everstein unser Oheim" as guarantor[1210].  "Craft von Hohenloch, frowe Adelheid sin elich Husfrowe, Tochter Graven Eberhards von Wirtenberg" donated property to Kloster Gnadenthal by charter dated 7 Jan 1328[1211].  Kraft [II] & his wife had children: 

a)         KRAFT [III] von Hohenlohe (-16 Nov 1371)m (before 12 Mar 1340) ANNA von Leuchtenberg, daughter of ULRICH [I] Landgraf von Leuchtenberg & his second wife Anna von Nürnberg (-11 Jun 1390).  Kraft [III] & his wife had children: 

i)          KRAFT [IV] von Hohenlohe (-24 Nov 1399)m firstly (before 28 Oct 1370) AGNES von Ziegenhain, daughter of GOTTFRIED Graf von Ziegenhain & his wife ---.  m secondly (before 23 Mar 1374) ELISABETH von Sponheim, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Sponheim & his wife Adelheid von Katzenelnbogen.  Kraft [IV] & his first wife had children: 

(a)       ANNA von Hohenlohe (-Kirchheim (11 Oct 1410, bur Kirchheim)Heiress of Kirchheim[-Bolanden] and Staufm (1385) as his first wife, PHILIPP I Graf von Nassau-Weilburg, son of JOHANN I Graf von Nassau-Weilburg & his second wife Johanna von Saarbrücken (1368-Wiesbaden 2 Jul 1429, bur Kloster Klarenthal)

ii)         ALBRECHT von Hohenlohe (-1429)

-         see below

iii)        ADELHEID von Hohenlohe (-before 6 Nov 1370)Graf Hainrich von Fúrstemberg lantgraf in Bare...und min vetter selgi graf Cunrat von Fúrstemberg” founded a mass at Neidingen, for “Adelhait seligen grafennen von Fúrstemberg geborn von Hohenloh...des vorgnanten graf Hainrich...frowen”, by charter dated 6 Nov 1370[1212]m as his first wife, HEINRICH [IV] Graf von Fürstenberg, son of HEINRICH [III] Graf von Fürstenberg & his wife Anna von Montfort (-[15 Aug] 1408). 

iv)       ANNA von Hohenlohe (-1 Jun 1434).  Gerhard Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the grant of “der Burg und Stadt Weickersheim” made by “seinem Schwiegervater Ulrich von Hohenlohe” to “Konrad von Weinsberg” by charter dated 1391[1213].  “Anna von Weinsperg geborne von Hohenloch...für sich und ihre Tochter Margret” mortgaged “die Kirchen und Priester zu Kregling...” by charter dated 15 Sep 1398, sealed by “Conrat Herr zu Weinsperg, der obengenannten Anna Eheherr[1214].  “Konrad Herr zu Winsperg und Anna geborne von Hohenloh seine Ehefrau, Graf und Herr Heinrich von Schwarzburg für sich und seine Ehefrau Margaretha geborne von Bruneck Tochter der Anna von Weinsberg” donated harvest to “Unserer lieben Frauen in Bieberern” by charter dated 29 Jun 1401[1215]m firstly KONRAD von Brauneck, son of --- (-[1390]).  m secondly as his first wife, KONRAD Herr von Weinsberg, son of ENGELHARD Herr von Weinsberg & his wife Anna von Leiningen (-18 Jan 1448, bur Kloster Schönthal). 

b)         IRMGARD von Hohenlohe (-11 May 1372)m firstly KONRAD III Burggraf von Nürnberg, son of FRIEDRICH IV Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Margareta von Görz (-3 Apr 1334).  m secondly (before 4 Jan 1337) as his second wife, GERLACH Graf von Nassau-Wiesbaden, son of ADOLF Graf von Nassau King of Germany & his wife Imagina von Isenburg-Limburg (-1 Jan 1371, bur Kloster Liebenau). 

5.         GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe (-1339).  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch…cum Cunrado, Kraftone et Gotfrido filiis nostris" donated rights over the churches of Belsenburg and Ingelfingen to Stift Öhringen by charter dated 6 Jul 1307[1216]"Kraft von Hohenloch, Adelheid sin eliche Husfrowe" exchanged his part of Ritzingen with "Gotfrid von Hohenloch unser…bruder und Elizabet sin eliche Husfrowe" for Königshofen by charter dated 2 Oct 1321, which names "Boppe von Everstein unser Oheim" as guarantor[1217]m (before 1317) ELISABETH von Eberstein, daughter of of WOLFRAD Graf von Eberstein & his wife Kunigunde von Wertheim (-after Sep 1340).  Boppe...Grave von Eberstein und...Gute genant von Wilenau sin...Wirtin” shared “unser halb teil der Burge ze Brotselden” with “unser Mumen...Elsbeten von Hohenloch Herren Gotefrides selic...Witewen” by charter dated 1317[1218]"Kraft von Hohenloch, Adelheid sin eliche Husfrowe" exchanged his part of Ritzingen with "Gotfrid von Hohenloch unser…bruder und Elizabet sin eliche Husfrowe" for Königshofen by charter dated 2 Oct 1321, which names "Boppe von Everstein unser Oheim" as guarantor[1219]Frauwe Elspete, willent...Hussfrauwe...Gotfrids von Hohenloch” renounced rights in “unsern Hof ze Westernhusen” in favour of “unser...Swester...Kungunde Klosterfr. zu Selgental” to Seligenthal, “Kraft und Kraft sin Sun von Hohenloch, Boppe u Johan von Eberstein” sealing the charter of “unser...swester Frauwen Elspeten und Kungunde ire Swester”, by charter dated end Sep 1340[1220]

6.         daughter .  "Krafto nobilis de Hohenloch, Agnes matrona nobilis nostra collateralis et filii nostri Cunradus et Krafto" sold property to Kloster Schönthal by charter dated 3 Jul 1294, which refers to when "filie nostre…ex matrona nobili Margareta de Truhendingen genuimus heu defuncta" reached the age of majority[1221]

7.         AGNES von Hohenlohe (-11 Nov 1342).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified.  "Ulricus dominus de Haynowe et Agnes conjuges" confirmed the donations to Arnsburg monastery made "ex ordinatione ultimæ voluntatis quondam Ulrici patris nostri", and by "quondam Elyzabeth matris nostræ…et quondam Reynhardi avi et Alheydis avæ nostrorum", by charter dated 24 Mar 1317[1222]m ULRICH [II] Herr von Hanau, son of ULRICH [I] Herr von Hanau & his wife Elisabeth von Rieneck (-23 Sep 1346). 

8.         ADELHEID von Hohenlohe (-after 1340)The Gesta Episcoporum Eichstetensium refers to "Chraftonem de Hohenloch…filiam" as wife of "Chunradi comitis de Oetingen"[1223].  “Bruder Berthold von Hennenberg Meister ordens sant Johans zue Beheim und zu Polen” confirmed that “Graue Ludewig von Rienecke unser...oheimb und frawe Alheyt sein...hausfrawe” had donated property, for the souls of “Grauen Ludwigen sins Vater frawen Uhelhilde sine mutter grauen Thomas sins bruder und frawen Annen siner ersten hausfrawen”, by charter dated 1326[1224]m firstly KONRAD [V] "der Schrimpf" Graf von Oettingen, son of KONRAD [IV] Graf von Oettingen & his wife Agnes von Württemberg (-[20 Jan/13 Sep] 1313, bur Kloster Kaisheim).  m secondly (before 16 Jan 1316) LUDWIG [V] Graf von Rieneck, son of LUDWIG [III] Graf von Rieneck & his wife --- (-3 Jul 1333).  m thirdly (before 1 Jun 1337) as his second wife, ULRICH [II] von Hohenlohe-Brauneck, son of ULRICH [I] von Hohenlohe-Brauneck & his wife Mechtild von Weinsberg (-1345). 

9.         RICHZA von Hohenlohe ([1280/93]-1337, bur Kloster Vessra).  charter dated 1319 records properties in Würzburg held by "dominus Boppo comes de Hennemberg dictus de Hartemberg...manu domine Rychce de Hohenloch uxoris sue"[1225]"Boppe…grefe von Hennemberg und herre zu Harttemberg und…Rychze…wirtin" repaid the dowry of "Rychzen der vorgenanten ettewenne her Engelhart von Winsberg" to "Conrad von Winsberg…des selben sun" by charter dated 20 Jan 1322[1226]m firstly ENGELHARD [IX] von Weinsberg “Wild-Engelhard”, son of KONRAD [IV] von Weinsberg & his first wife Liutgard von Neuffen (-before 1316).  m secondly (before 13 Nov 1316) POPPO [X] Graf von Henneberg, son of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Henneberg & his wife Kunigunde --- (-1348). 

 

 

The following reconstruction is an incomplete outline only, added mainly to show hyperlinks to other families in Medieval Lands.  The primary sources which confirm the family relationships have not been identified unless otherwise stated. 

 

ALBRECHT von Hohenlohe, son of KRAFT [III] Herr von Hohenlohe-Weikersheim & his wife Anna von Leuchtenberg (-1429)

m (before 11 Feb 1413) ELISABETH von Hanau, daughter of ULRICH [V] von Hanau & his wife Elisabeth von Ziegenhain (-1475).  Heiress of Ziegenhain. 

Albrecht & his wife had children: 

1.         KRAFT [V] von Hohenlohe (-21 Mar 1472).  Graf von Hohenlohe-Weikersheim.  m (1431) MARGARETA von Oettingen, daughter of FRIEDRICH [III] Graf von Oettingen & his second wife Euphemia von Münsterberg (-24 Feb 1472).  Kraft [V] & his wife had children: 

a)         GOTTFRIED [IV] von Hohenlohe (-1497).  Graf von Hohenlohe-Weikersheim. 

-        GRAFEN von HOHENLOHE-WEIKERSHEIM und SCHILLINGSFÜRST

b)         KRAFT [VI] von Hohenlohe (-2 Aug 1503).  Graf von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein.  m (Waldenburg 26 Feb 1476) HELENA von Württemberg, daughter of ULRICH V "der Vielgeliebte" Graf von Württemberg-Stüttgart & his third wife Marguerite de Savoie (-19 Feb 1506, bur Öhringen Stiftskirche).  Kraft [VI] & his wife had children: 

i)          GEORG von Hohenlohe (-1551).  Graf von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg. 

-         GRAFEN von HOHENLOHE-WALDENBURG, HOHENLOHE-NEUENSTEIN

ii)         MARGARETA von Hohenlohe (30 Jul 1480-Zweibrücken 3 Sep 1522)m (Zweibrücken 21 Jan 1499) ALEXANDER Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz, son of LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz & his wife Jeanne de Croÿ (26 Nov 1462-Zweibrücken 31 Oct 1514, bur Zweibrücken St Nikolaus, later removed to Alexanderkirche). 

iii)        ELISABETH von Hohenlohe (-1540)m WOLFGANG Graf von Löwenstein, son of LUDWIG Graf von Löwenstein & his first wife Elisabeth von Montfort (-15 Apr 1512).  m secondly GEORG Freiherrr von Hewen, son of --- (-1542). 

2.         ELISABETH von Hohenlohe (-1488)m firstly (Feb 1441) LUDWIG [V] von Lichtenberg, son of LUDWIG [IV] von Lichtenberg & his wife Anna von Baden (12 May 1417-25 Feb 1471).  m secondly (before 31 Aug 1476) HUGO Graf von Montfort, son of --- (-16 Oct 1491). 

 

 

 

D.      HERREN von HOHENLOHE in BRAUNECK

 

 

KONRAD von Hohenlohe, son of HEINRICH von Hohenlohe & his first wife --- (-1249).  Charters dated 1218 and 14 Apr 1219 name "Henricus de Hohenloch canonici Maioris Ecclesie Herbibolensis"[1227].  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed the donations made by "Andreas de Hohenloch" before entering the Teutonic Order, in the presence of "fratribus suis Gotefrido et Cunrado", by charter dated 16 Dec 1219[1228].  Otto Bishop of Würzburg confirmed an exchange of property made between "nobiles pueri de Hohenloch Heinricus et Fridericus" and "Gotefridus et Cunradus fratres eorum…cum sorore sua Kunigunda" by charter dated 22 Dec 1219[1229]Conte di Molise.  Emperor Friedrich II granted "comitatum Molisii" to "Conradus de Hoenloch" by charter dated Dec 1229[1230].  Conte di Romagna.  "…Cunradus de Oenlo comes Romaniole…" witnessed the charter dated Apr 1230 under which Emperor Friedrich II confirmed the privileges of Kloster Tegernsee[1231].  "…Conradus de Ollo comes Molisii…" witnessed the charter dated Jul 1230 under which Emperor Friedrich II confirmed the renunciation by Otto Duke of Merano to claims over Istria and Carniola[1232].  "Godefridus et Conradus fratres de Hoenloch…Godefridus et uxor mea Richenza…Conradus et uxor mea Petrissa" donated property to their donation Kloster Frauenthal by charter dated [Oct] 1232[1233].  "Co. de Holl…comes Romaniole" granted Rimini the protection of Ravenna by charter dated to [1234/35][1234].  Reichsgraf.  "…Gotfrid und Konrad von Hohenlohe Grafen des Reichs…" witnessed the charter dated Nov 1235 under which Emperor Friedrich II donated the church at Schlanders to the Teutonic Order[1235].  "Conradus de Hohinloch" acknowledged a debt towards "coniugi sue --- et…filiis Heinrico et Conrado" by charter dated 8 Mar 1247[1236]

m PETRISSA von Büdingen, daughter of GERLACH Herr von Büdingen & his wife ---.  "Godefridus et Conradus fratres de Hoenloch…Godefridus et uxor mea Richenza…Conradus et uxor mea Petrissa" donated property to their donation Kloster Frauenthal by charter dated [Oct] 1232[1237].  "Conradus de Hohinloch" acknowledged a debt towards "coniugi sue --- et…filiis Heinrico et Conrado" by charter dated 8 Mar 1247[1238].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Nov 1247 under which "Conradus de Hoenlo, Roysemannus de Kempnich et Albertus de Tremperg" confirmed a donation of property to Kloster Haina by "Henricus miles de Kensheim cognomento Scoubelin", in accordance with the wishes of "bone recordationis domini Gerlaci de Budingen soceri nostri"[1239]

Konrad & his wife had five children: 

1.         HEINRICH von Hohenlohe (-before 4 Oct 1267, bur Mergentheim)"Conradus de Hohinloch" acknowledged a debt towards "coniugi sue --- et…filiis Heinrico et Conrado" by charter dated 8 Mar 1247[1240].  "…Henricus et Godefridus fratres de Brunbeke…" confirmed a donation to Kloster Haina by charter dated 5 Nov 1258[1241].  "Henricus de Bruneken" confirmed a donation to Kloster Haina by "avus noster pie memorie Gerlacus de Budingen" by charter dated to [1258][1242].  "Henricus et Gotfridus fratres de Hohinloch" granted property to "Hartmanno et Heinrico fratribus dictis de Eckin" by charter dated 25 May 1259, which provides for future confirmation by "Conradus filius fratris nostri" when he reached the age of majority[1243]m --- von Trimberg, daughter of --- von Trimperg & his wife ---.  Her family origin is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Oct 1267 under which her sons "Gotfridus et Heinricus filius Heinrici quondam de Hohinloch" granted property "in villis Rode et Libelahes", bought together with "avunculo nostro de Trymperg", to "Hartmanno et Heinrico fratribus Geilnhusensibus"[1244].  Heinrich & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         [GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe (-after 4 Oct 1267).  "Gotfridus et Heinricus filius Heinrici quondam de Hohinloch" granted property "in villis Rode et Libelahes", bought together with "avunculo nostro de Trymperg", to "Hartmanno et Heinrico fratribus Geilnhusensibus" by charter dated 4 Oct 1267[1245].  It is not known whether "filius" in this document is an error for "filii" and that Gottfried was therefore another son of Heinrich von Hohenlohe".  This interpretation is implied by the reference to "avunculo nostro", implying that he was uncle of both, which would not of course be the case if Gottfried was the paternal uncle of Heinrich.] 

b)         HEINRICH von Hohenlohe (-20 Apr 1304, bur Mergentheim).  "Gotfridus et Heinricus filius Heinrici quondam de Hohinloch" granted property "in villis Rode et Libelahes", bought together with "avunculo nostro de Trymperg", to "Hartmanno et Heinrico fratribus Geilnhusensibus" by charter dated 4 Oct 1267[1246].  "Domino meo Heinrico de Brunecke…cum fratre suo domino Gebehardo necnon omnibus dominis meis de Hohenloh" consented to the donation of property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim made by "Hiltebrandus de Sauwensheim" by charter dated 2 Mar 1269[1247].  "Heinricus de Hohenloch", naming "Gotfridum de Hohenloch patruum meum" as substitute, promised the Teutonic Order that "Gebehardum fratrem meum, postquam domum redierit" would not oppose the sale of property by "Hiltebrandi militis" by charter dated 6 Mar 1269[1248].  "Heinricus et Gebehardus fratres filii domini Heinrici quondam de Brunecken" confirmed the sale of property at Bachgau and "circa Mogum…in Niderburg, Walestat, Ostheim, Plumheim et in Ringenheim" to Stift Aschaffenburg made by "noster patruus Godefridus de Brunecken" by charter dated 8 Sep 1272[1249].  "Henricus de Hohenlauch…Lukardis uxoris nostre" sold property to the Teutonic Order by charter dated 19 Feb 1276[1250].  "Heinricus de Brunecke nobilis" sold property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim, with the consent of "nobilis matrone Alheidis de Zwenbrucken coniugis mee…necnon filiorum meorum Conradi Herbipolensis ecclesie canonici, Gotfridi et Gebehardi", by charter dated 21 Feb 1300 which names "fratrem meum Gebehardum…" among the fiduciaries[1251].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "20 Apr" of "Heinricus de Brunecke filius Heinrici in choro sepulti"[1252]m firstly LUKARDIS, daughter of ---.  "Henricus de Hohenlauch…Lukardis uxoris nostre" sold property to the Teutonic Order by charter dated 19 Feb 1276[1253].  The primary source which confirms her family origin has not been identified.  m secondly ADELHEID [von Zweibrücken], daughter of ---.  "Heinricus de Brunecke nobilis" sold property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim, with the consent of "nobilis matrone Alheidis de Zwenbrucken coniugis mee…necnon filiorum meorum Conradi Herbipolensis ecclesie canonici, Gotfridi et Gebehardi", by charter dated 21 Feb 1300[1254].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "11 Sep" of "Dna de Bruneke Adelheydis dicta de Zweinbrucke"[1255].  Heinrich & his first wife had [five] children: 

i)          BOPPO .  "Heinricus nobilis de Brunecke" donated property to "nobis filio fratri Bopponi" of the Teutonic Order in Mergentheim by charter dated 5 Apr 1289[1256].  Teutonic Knight. 

ii)         KONRAD .  "Heinricus de Brunecke nobilis" sold property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim, with the consent of "nobilis matrone Alheidis de Zwenbrucken coniugis mee…necnon filiorum meorum Conradi Herbipolensis ecclesie canonici, Gotfridi et Gebehardi", by charter dated 21 Feb 1300[1257].  Canon at Würzburg

iii)        GOTTFRIED (-1315, bur Mergentheim).  "Heinricus de Brunecke nobilis" sold property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim, with the consent of "nobilis matrone Alheidis de Zwenbrucken coniugis mee…necnon filiorum meorum Conradi Herbipolensis ecclesie canonici, Gotfridi et Gebehardi", by charter dated 21 Feb 1300[1258].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "13 Jun 1315" of "Dns Gotefridus Brunek…in sepulchro patris et avi sui tumulatus"[1259]

iv)       GEBHARD .  "Heinricus de Brunecke nobilis" sold property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim, with the consent of "nobilis matrone Alheidis de Zwenbrucken coniugis mee…necnon filiorum meorum Conradi Herbipolensis ecclesie canonici, Gotfridi et Gebehardi", by charter dated 21 Feb 1300[1260]

v)        [ANDREAS (-after 29 Jun 1334).  Canon at Würzburg: the marriage contract between “Gotfrit von Hohenloch von Brunegge genant und...Margret unser...wirttein...unserm sun Gotfriden” and “burggraven Johansen von Nuremberch...sein mumen vrowen Agnesen graven Hermannis seligen tohter von Kasttel” is dated 29 Jun 1334, in the presence of “...Andres von Brunecge unsern vetern tumherren ze Wirczburck...[1261].] 

c)         GEBHARD von Hohenlohe (-3 Nov [1300]).  "Domino meo Heinrico de Brunecke…cum fratre suo domino Gebehardo necnon omnibus dominis meis de Hohenloh" consented to the donation of property to the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim made by "Hiltebrandus de Sauwensheim" by charter dated 2 Mar 1269[1262].  "Heinricus de Hohenloch", naming "Gotfridum de Hohenloch patruum meum" as substitute, promised the Teutonic Order that "Gebehardum fratrem meum, postquam domum redierit" would not oppose the sale of property by "Hiltebrandi militis" by charter dated 6 Mar 1269[1263].  "Heinricus et Gebehardus fratres filii domini Heinrici quondam de Brunecken" confirmed the sale of property at Bachgau and "circa Mogum…in Niderburg, Walestat, Ostheim, Plumheim et in Ringenheim" to Stift Aschaffenburg made by "noster patruus Godefridus de Brunecken" by charter dated 8 Sep 1272[1264].  The anniversary book of the Teutonic Order at Mergentheim records the death "III Non Nov" of "dominus Ghebehardus de Brunecke" and his donation[1265]m ADELHEID von Taufers, daughter of ULRICH von Taufers & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated [end 1278] under which "G. de Brunek" named "soceri nostri domini Ul. de Toufers"[1266].  "Gebehardus nobilis dictus de Brunecke…domine Adhelleidis uxoris nostre" donated property to the nuns of Wachbach by charter dated 24 Jun 1282[1267].  "Adelheidis relicta quondam nobilis…domini Gebehardi de Hohenloch dicti de Brunecke et Ulricus filius eiusdem" confirmed donations to Würzburg by charter dated 9 Nov 1300[1268].  Gebhard & his wife had two children: 

i)          ULRICH [I] von Hohenlohe (-before 1332).  "Adelheidis relicta quondam nobilis…domini Gebehardi de Hohenloch dicti de Brunecke et Ulricus filius eiusdem" confirmed donations to Würzburg by charter dated 9 Nov 1300[1269]m MECHTILD von Weinsberg, daughter of KONRAD [IV] von Weinsberg & his first wife Liutgard von Neuffen.  Konrad [IV] von Weinsberg bequeathed property to “siner tochter...Mechtilde van Brunecke”, undated[1270].  Ulrich [I] & his wife had children: 

(a)       ULRICH [II] von Hohenlohe (-1345)m firstly ---.  m secondly (before 1 Jun 1337) as her third husband, ADELHEID von Hohenlohe, widow firstly of KONRAD [V] "der Schrimpf" Graf von Oettingen, and secondly of LUDWIG [V] Graf von Rieneck, daughter of KRAFT [I] von Hohenlohe-Weikersheim & his second wife Margareta von Truhendingen (-after 1340). 

ii)         HEINRICH von Hohenlohe (-before 1350). 

d)         [ADELHEID von Hohenlohe (-after 25 Nov 1323).  "Gerhardus comes in Rineke…cum Alheide de Bruneke nostra legitima" donated property to Kloster Schönau by charter dated 1 May 1291[1271].  The parentage of Adelheid is unspecified, but it is reasonable from a chronological point of view to suppose that she was the daughter of Heinrich von Hohenlohe-Brauneck.  “Alheitt Grefine zu Rineck Widtwe, etwan...Hausfraw Hern Gerharts selgen Grafen zu Rineck" sold property to Kloster Schönau, with the consent of “Ludewigs unnsers Sunes, Elsen seiner...Hawsfrawen, Heynrich unnsers Sunes, Alheiden seiner...Hawsfrawen, Graffen zu Ryeneck”, by charter dated 1319[1272].  “Sigillis dominorum Ludwici et Heinrici fratrum comitum de Ryenecke et Adelheydis genitricis eorum" sealed the charter dated 25 Nov 1323 under which “Agnes relicta quondam Heinrici dicti Seyse de Ryeneke” donated property to Schönau[1273]m GERHARD [IV] Graf von Rieneck, son of LUDWIG [II] Graf von Rieneck [Looz] & his wife Adelheid von Henneberg (-[19 May 1295/6 Jun 1296]).] 

2.         KONRAD von Hohenlohe (-after 1251).  "Conradus de Hohinloch" acknowledged a debt towards "coniugi sue --- et…filiis Heinrico et Conrado" by charter dated 8 Mar 1247[1274]m [--- von Henneberg], daughter of [POPPO [VII] Graf von Hennberg] & [his second wife Jutta von Thüringen].  The charter dated 13 Apr 1287, under which "Henricus comes de Kastelle et C. de Tekke" settled disputes with "Hermannum, Henricum fratres necnon Bertoldum comites de Hennenberg avunculos nostros"[1275], indicates that the wife of Konrad von Hohenlohe was related to the Grafen von Henneberg.  The word "avunculos" suggests that the brothers were the maternal uncles of the issuers of the charter.  However, from a chronological point of view, this is unsatisfactory: the marriage date of Konrad von Teck [Hohenlohe], son of Konrad von Hohenlohe, suggests that he was born in [1245/60].  This would place the birth of his mother in [1225/45], indicating that she was of the same generation as the Henneberg brothers.  It is therefore likely that "avunculos" in the 1287 document should be interpreted as meaning "older first cousins".  If this is correct, the mother of Konrad von Teck was probably the paternal aunt of the Henneberg brothers, and a sister (more likely half-sister, given the chronology) of Bertha von Henneberg who was the mother of Heinrich Graf von Castell, the other issuer of the 1287 charter.  This does not explain why her son was called “von Teck”.  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   Konrad & his wife had one child: 

a)         KONRAD von Teck (-[26 Jul/28 Sep] 1290).  "Henricus et Gotfridus fratres de Hohinloch" granted property to "Hartmanno et Heinrico fratribus dictis de Eckin" by charter dated 25 May 1259, which provides for future confirmation by "Conradus filius fratris nostri" when he reached the age of majority[1276].  "Conradus nobilis de Brunecke dictus de Tecke" granted privileges to Kloster Schenbrunn by charter dated 6 May 1280[1277].  "Cunradus de Tecke" reached agreement with Stift Neumünster by charter dated 6 Jul 1283[1278].  "Cunradus nobilis de Brunecke dictus de Tecke" granted privileges to Kloster Bronnbach by charter dated 12 Jun 1284[1279].  "Henricus comes de Kastelle et C. de Tekke" settled disputes with "Hermannum, Henricum fratres necnon Bertoldum comites de Hennenberg avunculos nostros" by charter dated 13 Apr 1287[1280].  "Conradus nobilis de Tecke" compensated damage to Kloster Ebrach by charter dated 26 Jul 1290[1281].  Heinrich Landgraf von Hessen confirmed donations to Hochstift Würzburg of property of "Conradus de Theke" held from "dem Grafen von Ziegenhain suo sororio ac nostro genero" in case Konrad died without heirs, by charter dated 28 Sep 1290[1282].  Eufemia Abbess of Ritzingen confirmed property of "domini Craftoni de Hoello…Cunrado suo filio" obtained before the death of "nobilis viri Cunradi de Tekke pie memorie" by charter dated 28 Sep 1290[1283]m (before 1 Apr 1278) --- von Ziegenhain, daughter of GOTTFRIED Graf von Ziegenhain & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1 Apr 1278 under which "Cunradus de Bruneke dictus de Decke" promised help if "Godefridum natum quondam nobilis viri Godefridi comitis de Cygenhain sororium meum" died without heirs[1284]

3.         ANDREAS von Hohenlohe (-after 1245).  Hermann Bishop of Würzburg appointed "Andream filium nobilis viri Cunradi de Hohinloch" as provost of Würzburg by charter dated 26 May 1245[1285]

4.         MECHTILD von Hohenlohe (-1293).  Pope Innocent IV granted dispensation for the marriage of "M. der Witwe des Pfalzgrafen K. von Tübingen" and "dem edlen Herrn R. von Dürn", despite her two husbands being in 4o consanguinity, dated 10 Dec 1253[1286].  “Rupertus de Durne communicata manu uxoris mee Mehtildis” donated “duas partes decime in Ruchesheim” to Seligenthal by charter dated 28 Aug 1277, sealed by “Ulrici fratris mei et Bopponis fratruelis mei[1287].  “Rupertus de Durna” confirmed donations of vines to Amorbach, for the souls of “conjugis nostre quondam domine Methildis nobilis de Brunecke”, with the consent of “Ruperti nati nostri”, by charter dated 1303[1288]m firstly KONRAD [I] Pfalzgraf von Tübingen, son of HUGO [V] Pfalzgraf von Tübingen & his wife --- (-before 1253).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 10 Dec 1253) RUPRECHT von Dürn, son of KONRAD [I] Herr von Dürn & his wife Mechtild von Laufen (-1303 or after). 

5.         GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe (-1312).  "…Henricus et Godefridus fratres de Brunbeke…" confirmed a donation to Kloster Haina by charter dated 5 Nov 1258[1289].  "Heinricus de Hohenloch", naming "Gotfridum de Hohenloch patruum meum" as substitute, promised the Teutonic Order that "Gebehardum fratrem meum, postquam domum redierit" would not oppose the sale of property by "Hiltebrandi militis" by charter dated 6 Mar 1269[1290].  "Gotfridus de Hohenloh" confirmed that "Gebehardum fratruelem meum" would not oppose the sale of property to the Teutonic Order made by "Hiltibrando milite de Sauwensheim" by charter dated 8 May 1269[1291].  "Godefridus nobilis de Brunecke et --- uxor nostra" sold property at Bachgau and "circa Mogum…in Niderburg, Walestat, Ostheim, Plumheim et in Ringenheim" to Stift Aschaffenburg by charter dated 1272[1292].  "Godefridus de Brunecken…collectalis nostre Elysabeth" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 12 Dec 1279, witnessed by "frater Hermannus de Hohenloch patruus noster…"[1293].  "Gotfridus de Bruneke" sold property in Sechselbach to Kloster Frauenthal, with the consent of "uxoris nostre Elizabeth…filii nostri Andree", by charter dated 18 Aug 1284[1294].  "Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[1295].  “Gotfridus dominus de Brunecken, domina Elizabeht conthoralis nostra et Andrea filius noster” confirmed the dower granted by “Heinrico dicto de Ronnenburg, Cunegundis uxoris sue” by charter dated 21 Sep 1301, witnessed by “...Gotfridus filius noster...[1296].  m firstly WILLIBIRG, daughter of --- (-[1272/78]).  "Willeburgis collateralis nobilis viri Godefridi de Brunecke" confirmed the sale of property at Bachgau and "circa Mogum…in Niderburg, Walestat, Ostheim, Plumheim et in Ringenheim" to Stift Aschaffenburg made by "maritus meus predictus" by charter dated Apr 1273, witnessed by "patruus meus Crafto de Hohenloch…matertera mea Willeberga ipsius collateralis…"[1297].  This charter suggests that Willibirg was related in her own right to Kraft von Hohenlohe and his first wife Willibirg von Wertheim.  The chronology is unfavourable for Kraft to have been her "patruus" by blood.  The more likely case therefore is that Willibirg was a member of the family of the Grafen von Wertheim.  m secondly (before 12 Dec 1279) ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-after 21 Sep 1301).  "Godefridus de Brunecken…collectalis nostre Elysabeth" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 12 Dec 1279, witnessed by "frater Hermannus de Hohenloch patruus noster…"[1298].  "Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[1299].  “Gotfridus dominus de Brunecken, domina Elizabeht conthoralis nostra et Andrea filius noster” confirmed the dower granted by “Heinrico dicto de Ronnenburg, Cunegundis uxoris sue” by charter dated 21 Sep 1301, witnessed by “...Gotfridus filius noster...[1300].  The primary source which confirms the parentage of Gottfried’s second wife has not been identified.  [According to Lehmann, she was Elisabeth von Falkenstein, daughter of Philipp [II] von Falkenstein Herr zu Münzenberg & his wife Gisela ---, adding that she married secondly “Herrn Reinhart von Westerburg”[1301].  If that information is correct, Elisabeth’s second husband was Reinhard [I] Herr von Westerburg,.  This information, which has not otherwise been verified, seems surprising considering that Elisabeth and her [first] husband were married for at least 23 years, her age therefore reducing the likelihood of having children by a second marriage.  Her [second] husband would, in addition, have been considerably younger than Elisabeth.]  Gottfried & his first wife had six children: 

a)         ANDREAS von Brauneck (-1318).  "Gotfridus de Bruneke" sold property in Sechselbach to Kloster Frauenthal, with the consent of "uxoris nostre Elizabeth…filii nostri Andree", by charter dated 18 Aug 1284[1302].  "Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[1303].  “Gotfridus dominus de Brunecken, domina Elizabeht conthoralis nostra et Andrea filius noster” confirmed the dower granted by “Heinrico dicto de Ronnenburg, Cunegundis uxoris sue” by charter dated 21 Sep 1301[1304]m EUPHEMIA von [Tunerae], daughter of ---.  Ofmya von Tünerae Wittwe des Andres von Brünecke” donated property to Kloster Rothenburg by charter dated 3 Jan 1329[1305]

b)         GOTTFRIED von Brauneck (-1354).  Teutonic Knight at Würzburg: Fridericus...comes de Castris”, with the consent of “Willewirgis thori nostri consortis”, confirmed the donation of property “in Santpach” to the Teutonic Knights at Würzberg made by “avunculi nostri fratris Gotfridi de Hohenloch”, naming “patruus noster...Heinricus comes de Castris”, by charter dated 18 Apr 1293[1306]-        see below

c)         KONRAD von Brauneck .  "Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[1307]

d)         EMICH von Brauneck (-after 29 Jun 1334).  "Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[1308]The marriage contract between “Gotfrit von Hohenloch von Brunegge genant und...Margret unser...wirttein...unserm sun Gotfriden” and “burggraven Johansen von Nuremberch...sein mumen vrowen Agnesen graven Hermannis seligen tohter von Kasttel” is dated 29 Jun 1334, in the presence of “...Emchen unsern bruder...[1309]

e)         ELISABETH von Brauneck .  "Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[1310]

f)          WILLIBIRG von Brauneck (-after 1301).  "Graf Friedrich von Castell und seine Gattin Wilpirgis" consented to a sale of property in Opferbaum to Kloster Himmelspforten by charter dated 1 May 1289[1311].  "Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[1312].  "Graf Friedrich von Castell und seine Gattin Elisabeth" sold property to the Knights of St John of Jerusalem, with the consent of "Friderici canonici ecclesie Babenbergensis, Hermanni et Elizabeth, nostrorum liberorum nostri Friderici predicti habitorum cum Wildeberg de Brunecke priore nostra conthorali", by charter dated 21 Feb 1326[1313]m (before 1 May 1289) as his first wife, FRIEDRICH [IV] Graf von Castell, son of HERMANN Graf von Castell & his wife Sophie von Wildberg (-before 28 Aug 1350). 

Gottfried & his second wife had children: 

g)         AGNES von Brauneck (-after 26 Mar 1336).  Her marriage indicates that Agnes must have been born from her father’s second marriage.  “Agnes de Brunecke collateralis...Chunradi de Winsperg senioris” agreed the resignation of “patronatus ecclesiæ in Cregelingen” by “fratribus suis Andrea et Gotfrido de Brunecke” by charter date 1 May 1311[1314].  Dillenius records that “Konrad und sein Sohn Konrad” [presumably Konrad [IV] and Konrad [VI], his son] and “Konrad Engelhard” confirmed the donation made by “Agnes von Brauneck, Gattin Konrads” to Lichtenstern by charter date 1318[1315].  “Agnes von Brauneck Wittwe” founded a mass at Neuenstadt, with the consent of “ihres Sohnes Engelhard ihrer Tochter Mechthild und deren Gatten Graf Heinrich von Rechberg”, for the souls of “mariti et filii Conradi Engelhardi”, by charter dated 26 Mar 1336[1316]m (before 1 May 1311) as his second wife, KONRAD [IV] von Weinsberg, son of [KONRAD [II] von Weinsberg & his wife Irmengard von Münzenberg] (-1323). 

 

 

GOTTFRIED von Brauneck, son of GOTTFRIED von Hohenlohe Herr von Brauneck & his first wife Willibirg --- (-1354).  Teutonic Knight at Würzburg: Fridericus...comes de Castris”, with the consent of “Willewirgis thori nostri consortis”, confirmed the donation of property “in Santpach” to the Teutonic Knights at Würzberg made by “avunculi nostri fratris Gotfridi de Hohenloch”, naming “patruus noster...Heinricus comes de Castris”, by charter dated 18 Apr 1293[1317]"Gotfridus de Brunecke…et Elisabet uxor nostra" sold property in Waldmannshofen to Kloster Heilsbronn, with the consent of "Andree, Gotfridi, Cunradi et Emichen filiorum nostrorum, Elizabet et Wilbirg filiarum nostrarum", by charter dated 21 Jun 1293[1318].  “Gotfridus dominus de Brunecken, domina Elizabeht conthoralis nostra et Andrea filius noster” confirmed the dower granted by “Heinrico dicto de Ronnenburg, Cunegundis uxoris sue” by charter dated 21 Sep 1301, witnessed by “...Gotfridus filius noster...[1319]

m MARGARETA, daughter of --- (-after 29 Jun 1334).  She is named in the 29 Jun 1334 marriage contract of her son Gottfried, quoted below.  The primary source which confirms her family origin has not been identified. 

Gottfried & his wife had children: 

1.         GOTTFRIED von Brauneck (-[1367/68]).  His parentage is confirmed by his marriage contract.  “Gotfrit von Hohenloch von Brunegke genannt und Agnes seine Hausfrau geborne Gräfin von Kastel” confirmed donations to Kloster Frauenthal made by “Albrecht von Hohenloch Bischof zu Würzburg” by charter dated 14 Sep 1365[1320]m AGNES von Castell, daughter of HERMANN Graf von Castell & his wife Margareta von Burgau (-after 14 Sep 1365).  The marriage contract between “Gotfrit von Hohenloch von Brunegge genant und...Margret unser...wirttein...unserm sun Gotfriden” and “burggraven Johansen von Nuremberch...sein mumen vrowen Agnesen graven Hermannis seligen tohter von Kasttel” is dated 29 Jun 1334, in the presence of “unser...freunt hern Albreht von Hohenloch tumbrobst, Emchen unsern bruder, Andres von Brunecge unsern vetern tumherren ze Wirczburck, Albrehten von Hohenloch von Mecgenmul genant, Craften und Ludwigen von Hohenloch, unsern vetern, graven Herman von Kasttel unser swestter sun...[1321].  “Gotfrit von Hohenloch von Brunegke genannt und Agnes seine Hausfrau geborne Gräfin von Kastel” confirmed donations to Kloster Frauenthal made by “Albrecht von Hohenloch Bischof zu Würzburg” by charter dated 14 Sep 1365[1322].  Gottfried & his wife had children: 

a)         KONRAD von Brauneck (-[1390])m as her first husband, ANNA von Hohenlohe, daughter of KRAFT [III] von Hohenlohe-Weikersheim & his wife Anna von Leuchtenberg (-1 Jun 1434).  She married secondly Konrad von WeinsbergAnna von Weinsperg geborne von Hohenloch...für sich und ihre Tochter Margret” mortgaged “die Kirchen und Priester zu Kregling...” by charter dated 15 Sep 1398, sealed by “Conrat Herr zu Weinsperg, der obengenannten Anna Eheherr[1323].  “Konrad Herr zu Winsperg und Anna geborne von Hohenloh seine Ehefrau, Graf und Herr Heinrich von Schwarzburg für sich und seine Ehefrau Margaretha geborne von Bruneck Tochter der Anna von Weinsberg” donated harvest to “Unserer lieben Frauen in Bieberern” by charter dated 29 Jun 1401[1324].  Konrad & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARGARETA von Brauneck (-1429).  “Anna von Weinsperg geborne von Hohenloch...für sich und ihre Tochter Margret” mortgaged “die Kirchen und Priester zu Kregling...” by charter dated 15 Sep 1398, sealed by “Conrat Herr zu Weinsperg, der obengenannten Anna Eheherr[1325].  “Konrad Herr zu Winsperg und Anna geborne von Hohenloh seine Ehefrau, Graf und Herr Heinrich von Schwarzburg für sich und seine Ehefrau Margaretha geborne von Bruneck Tochter der Anna von Weinsberg” donated harvest to “Unserer lieben Frauen in Bieberern” by charter dated 29 Jun 1401[1326]m ([15 Sep 1398/29 Jun 1401]) HEINRICH [XXI] Graf von Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg, son of GÜNTHER [XXIX] Graf von Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg & his wife --- (-after 10 Apr 1406)

2.         ANNA von Brauneck (-after 1365)m (before 1353) BURCHARD [IX] Graf von Hohenberg, son of BURCHARD [VII] Graf von Hohenberg & his wife [Agnes ---] (-[13 Dec 1377/10 Aug 1381]).  Herr zu Wildberg.  He and his wife sold ½ Wildberg for 8,000 Gulden 14 Aug 1363 and the town of Bulach for 7,000 Pfund 1 May 1364 to Pfalzgraf Ruprecht[1327]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 15.  GRAFEN von LAUFEN

 

 

[Four] siblings.  Their parents have not been identified.  As noted below, a continuator of the Gesta Treverorum names the parents of Bruno Archbishop of Trier as "pater Arnoldus comes ex nobilissima Adeleyda matre"[1328].  The reliability of this source is not known, and in any case it is not known whether all Bruno’s siblings shown below shared both parents with Archbishop Bruno. 

 

1.         HEINRICH von Laufen .  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater" when recording his marriage[1329]m as her first husband, IDA von Werl, daughter of BERNHARD von Werl Graf von Hövel & his wife ---.  The Annalista Saxo names Ida daughter of "Bernhardus comes", her first husband "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater", her second husband "nobilis de Saxonia" and her children by both husbands[1330].  She married secondly --- [Saxon noble].  Graf Heinrich & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADELHEID von Laufen .  The Annalista Saxo records that “Bernardus comes...[filiam] Idam” and "Heinricus de castro...Loufe...filiam...Adelheidam" married “Adulfus de Huvili”, and after he died, “comes palatinus Fridericus de Sumersenburch”, and names her children by each marriage[1331]m firstly ADOLF [I] von Hövel [Huwili] Graf von Berg, son of --- (-[31 Jul] 1106).  The Annalista Saxo names "Adulfus de Huvili" husband of Adelheid, and their children "Adulfum iuniorem et fratres eius"[1332]m secondly FRIEDRICH von Sommerschenburg Pfalzgraf in Sachsen, son of ADALBERT [Sevecco] von Sommerschenburg & his wife Ouda [Hilaria] von Goseck (-1120). 

2.         POPPO [III] (-after 5 Mar 1122).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater"[1333].  Emperor Heinrich V confirmed that Bruno Archbishop of Trier had founded Kloster Odenheim (in Kraichgau), with the consent of “fratris sui Popponis”, by charter dated 5 Mar 1122[1334]m MATHILDE, daughter of BERTHOLD Graf von Hohenberg (bei Durlach) & his wife Liutgart ---.  Emperor Heinrich V confirmed the foundation of Gottesau “in pago Albegowa in comitatu Vorchheim in sylva...Lushardt juxta fluvium...Alba” by “comite Bertoldo et filiabus Lugarda et Mechtilda” by charter dated 16 Aug 1110[1335].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not been identified.  Graf Poppo [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         KONRAD (-after 18 May 1127)"Cunradus filius comitis Bopponis de Loufo" recognised the rights of the church of Worms over property held by his father, by charter dated 18 May 1127[1336]

-        see below

3.         [BRUNO (-25 Apr 1124).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater"[1337].  On the other hand, a continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the election of "Bruno…Francus natione" and names "pater Arnoldus comes ex nobilissima Adeleyda matre" as his parents[1338].  It is not known which version is correct.  He founded Kloster Odenheim im Kraichgau with his brother Poppo[1339].  Archdeacon at Trier and Speyer.  Provost of St Florin at Koblenz.  Archbishop of Trier 1102.  Emperor Heinrich V confirmed that Bruno Archbishop of Trier had founded Kloster Odenheim (in Kraichgau), with the consent of “fratris sui Popponis”, by charter dated 5 Mar 1122[1340].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death "VII Kal Mai" in 1124 of Bruno[1341].] 

4.         [--- .  As shown below, one of the parents of Bruno was brother or sister of Archbishop Bruno, assuming that “nepotem” in the source quoted can be interpreted in its strict sense of nephew.  It is possible that this was one of the brothers who are named above, but because of the contradictory sources concerning the archbishop´s parentage, this is not certain.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         BRUNO (-after 1131)Archbishop of Trier.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Brunonem, ecclesiæ Treverensis canonicum, Brunonis quondam archiepiscopi nepotem" was elected "VII Id Dec" as archbishop of Trier, dated to 1130 from the context, but that he was expelled by Pope Innocent II[1342]

 

 

KONRAD, son of Graf POPPO [III] & his wife Mathilde --- "Cunradus filius comitis Bopponis de Loufo" recognised the rights of the church of Worms over property held by his father, by charter dated 18 May 1127[1343]

m GISELHILD von Arnstein, daughter of LUDWIG Graf von Arnstein & his wife ---.  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein records that "in castro Arnstein…comes…Lodewicus" had seven sisters, of whom the fifth married "comitis de Loufo"[1344].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

Konrad & his wife had two children: 

1.         POPPO [IV] (-before 10 Aug 1181).  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "comitis Bopponis et sororis eius Adelheidis" as the children of "comitis de Loufo" and his wife, the fifth sister of Ludwig [II] von Arnstein[1345].  Graf von Laufen"…Comes Bobbo de Lofen…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Oct 1139 under which Konrad III King of Germany granted protection to the church of Denkendorf[1346]Burchard Bishop of Worms confirmed the foundation of Kloster Schönau by charter dated 1142 witnessed by "Boppo comes de Loufen, Bliggerus de Steinahe et frater eius Cunradus…"[1347].  Konrad Bishop of Worms confirmed donations to Kloster Schönau by charter dated 1152 witnessed by "Heinricus comes de Chacenelenbogen, Bobbo comes de Loufen, Egere comes de Vehingen, Berchtolt comes de Calwen, Bertholdus de Eberstein…"[1348].  Emperor Friedrich I confirmed the foundation of Kloster Lobenfeld, naming "Bobbo senex comes de Loufun…filius eius Boppo", by charter dated 10 Aug 1181[1349]m ---.  The name of Poppo's wife is not known.  Poppo [IV] & his wife had [three] children:

a)         [HEINRICH (-after 1174).  Graf von LaufenComes Heinricus de Loufen” exchanged property with the bishopric of Worms by charter dated 1174[1350]Heinrich’s parentage is not specified in the document and has not otherwise been ascertained.  The chronology suggests that he was the son of Graf Poppo [IV].  It is assumed that Heinrich died before 1181 when his supposed brother Poppo [V] is named (see below).] 

b)         POPPO [V] (-[5 Oct 1212/6 Apr 1219])Graf von Laufen.  Emperor Friedrich I confirmed the foundation of Kloster Lobenfeld, naming "Bobbo senex comes de Loufun…filius eius Boppo", by charter dated 10 Aug 1181[1351]m ADELHEID von Vohburg, daughter of DIEPOLD [III] Markgraf von Vohburg & his second wife Kunigunde von Beichlingen.  The Notæ Genealogicæ Bavaricæ names (in order) "filium…Peritholdum et duas filias…Chunigundam uxorem marchionis de Styra et Alheidem de Laufen" as children of "Marchio Dietpoldus" & his second wife[1352].  Poppo [V] & his wife had two children: 

i)          daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1208 under which Boppo comes de Loufen” confirmed a donation to Kloster Schönau, witnessed by “Gerhardus gener noster de Schouuemburg[1353]m GERHARD von Schauenburg, son of --- (-after 1208).  Boppo et Rupertus fratres de Durne, Mehthildis mater eorumdem [...relicte de Durne], Mehthildis de Brunekke, Mehthildis de Scowenberc...” witnessed the charter dated 1258 which records that Seligenthal bought "silvam...Vrfaze"[1354]

ii)         MECHTILD (-[25 Jul 1276/Jan 1277]).  "Conrado de Durne et Mechtilde nata com. de Lauff." founded Kloster Seligenthal by charter dated 1236[1355].  "Cunradus de Durne et uxor sua Methildis matrona nobilis" donated property “in villa Slirstat” to Würzburg for Seligenthal by charter dated 1239[1356].  “Cunradus de Durna advocatus ecclesie in Amorbach et conjux Mechtildis filia comitis de Loufe communicata manu filiorum nostrorum Bopponis, Ruperti et Odalrici” donated property to Kloster Amorbach by charter dated 1253[1357].  “Boppo et Rupertus fratres de Durne, Mehthildis mater eorumdem [...relicte de Durne], Mehthildis de Brunekke, Mehthildis de Scowenberc...” witnessed the charter dated 1258 which records that Seligenthal bought "silvam...Vrfaze"[1358]Luckardis comitissa de Zygenhagen” donated property “in Heimesbach” to Kloster Seligenthal, with the consent of “matris suæ Methildis comitissæ de Durne et fratrum suorum Bopponis et Ruperti”, by charter dated 24 Jul 1267, witnessed by “Boppo comes de Tyeligisberc, Rupertus de Durne, Engelhardus de Berlichingen[1359]Methildis comitissa de Durne, Rupertus et Ulrici filii nostri” confirmed that "matrona dicta Dingele..." had donated property “in Ruchsheim” to Seligenthal by charter dated 29 Mar 1270[1360].  “Methildis domina de Durne” donated property to Seligenthal by charter dated 10 Nov 1274[1361].  “Methildis...comitissa de Durne” confirmed the donation to Seligenthal made by “Otto miles dictus Hornasse...” by charter dated 25 Jul 1276[1362].  She was named as deceased in the [3] Feb 1277 charter of her sons.  m KONRAD [I] Herr von Dürn, son of --- (-17 Sep 1258). 

c)         KONRAD (-after 1184).  Graf [von Laufen].  Cunradus...comes palatinus de Reno” confirmed that “comes Boppo de Laufen” had bought land which “Cunradus comes frater Bopponis” had donated with other property “rogatu germani sui...cum uxore sua” to Kloster Schönau by charter dated 1184[1363]

2.         ADELHEID .  The Vita Lodewici comitis de Arnstein names "comitis Bopponis et sororis eius Adelheidis" as the children of "comitis de Loufo" and his wife, the fifth sister of Ludwig [II] von Arnstein, adding that Adelheid was the mother of "Bertholdus et Dietherus comites de Catzenellenbogen"[1364]m BERTHOLD [I] Graf von Katzenelnbogen, son of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Katzenelnbogen & his wife Hildegard von Henneberg.  1157/70. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 16.  SCHENKEN von LIMPURG

 

 

[Two siblings, parent not identified]: 

1.         WALTER [I] von Limpurg (-after May 1237).  Schenk von Limpurg.  "Gerlacus de Budingen, Godefridus de Hohinloch, Cunradus pincerna de Clingenburc, Walterus pincerna de Limburc…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Apr 1230 under which Heinrich VII King of Germany granted privileges to Kloster Bronnbach[1365].  "Waltherus pincerna de Lintpurch" settled a dispute with “dominum Gottefridum de Hohonloch” by charter dated May 1237[1366]m AGNES von Helfenstein, daughter of --- (-bur Lichtenstern).  An epitaph at Kloster Lichtenstern records the burial of “Agnes de Helf[enstein] cum filiis suis Walthero et Conrado pincernis de Limpurg[1367].  Her family origin is indicated more precisely by the following document, assuming that “avunculus” can be interpreted in its strict sense of maternal uncle: “Waltherus imperialis aule pincerna de Limpurg" donated “ius patronatus ecclesie in Bitzefeldt” to Kloster Lichtenstern by charter dated 1255, sealed by “Ulrici avunculi nostri comitis de Helfenstein...[1368].  Walter [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         WALTER [II] von Limpurg (-bur Lichtenstern).  “Waltherus imperialis aule pincerna de Limpurg" donated “ius patronatus ecclesie in Bitzefeldt” to Kloster Lichtenstern by charter dated 1255, sealed by “Ulrici avunculi nostri comitis de Helfenstein, domini Popponis de Durne, nostri et fratris nostri Conradi”, witnessed by “Engelhardo, Conrado, amite nostre filiis de Weinsperg...[1369].  “Waltherus de Limpurg imper. aule pincerna coadunata manu uxoris nostre Elizabeth” donated “jus patronatus in Eschental” to the Knights Hospitallers in Hall by charter dated 21 Jul 1278[1370]Waltherus imp. aule pincerna de Limpurc et Elyzabeth consors thori nostri” donated “jus patronatus in Eschental” to the Knights Hospitallers in Hall, with the consent of “Friderici filii nostri”, by charter dated 1 Aug 1278[1371]An epitaph at Kloster Lichtenstern records the burial of “Agnes de Helf[enstein] cum filiis suis Walthero et Conrado pincernis de Limpurg[1372]m ELISABETH, daughter of ---.  Waltherus de Limpurg imper. aule pincerna coadunata manu uxoris nostre Elizabeth” donated “jus patronatus in Eschental” to the Knights Hospitallers in Hall by charter dated 21 Jul 1278[1373]Waltherus imp. aule pincerna de Limpurc et Elyzabeth consors thori nostri” donated “jus patronatus in Eschental” to the Knights Hospitallers in Hall, with the consent of “Friderici filii nostri”, by charter dated 1 Aug 1278[1374].  Walter [II] & his wife had children: 

i)          FRIEDRICH [I] von Limpurg (-after 1292).  Waltherus imp. aule pincerna de Limpurc et Elyzabeth consors thori nostri” donated “jus patronatus in Eschental” to the Knights Hospitallers in Hall, with the consent of “Friderici filii nostri”, by charter dated 1 Aug 1278[1375]Frater Waltherus pincerna de Limpurc...” settled a dispute between the Knights Hospitallers and “Frau Adelheid Engelhards v. Enslingen Wittwe”, with the support of “Fridericus imper. aule pincerna de Limburc”, by charter dated 1292[1376].  “Fridericus Pincerna de Limpurch” acknowledged obligations relating to “castrum...Wildenburg” by charter dated ( Jan 1303[1377]

ii)         [WALTER von Limpurg (-after 1292).  Knights Hospitaller: Frater Waltherus pincerna de Limpurc...” settled a dispute between the Knights Hospitallers and “Frau Adelheid Engelhards v. Enslingen Wittwe”, with the support of “Fridericus imper. aule pincerna de Limburc”, by charter dated 1292[1378].] 

b)         KONRAD von Limpurg (-bur Lichtenstern).  Waltherus imperialis aule pincerna de Limpurg" donated “ius patronatus ecclesie in Bitzefeldt” to Kloster Lichtenstern by charter dated 1255, sealed by “...fratris nostri Conradi[1379].  An epitaph at Kloster Lichtenstern records the burial of “Agnes de Helf[enstein] cum filiis suis Walthero et Conrado pincernis de Limpurg[1380]

2.         [--- von Limpurg .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the following document, assuming that “amita” can be interpreted in its strict sense of pater