GASCONY

  v3.0 Updated 30 May 2014     

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                DUKES and COUNTS of GASCONY [760]-1039. 7

Chapter 2.                SIRES d'ALBRET. 37

Chapter 3.                COMTES d'ARMAGNAC. 55

A.         COMTES d'ARMAGNAC (COMTES de FEZENSAC) 55

B.         COMTES d'ARMAGNAC (LOMAGNE) 63

C.        VICOMTES de CORNEILLAN.. 77

D.        VICOMTES de FEZENZAGUET. 81

E.         SEIGNEURS (COMTES) de l´ISLE-JOURDAIN.. 83

F.         VICOMTES de MAUVEZIN.. 99

Chapter 4.                COMTES d'ASTARAC. 100

A.         COMTES d´ASTARAC [920]-[1209] 100

B.         COMTES d´ASTARAC 1210-1511. 110

Chapter 5.                COMTES et VICOMTES d´AURE. 114

Chapter 6.                VICOMTES de BEARN. 120

A.         VICOMTES de BEARN [870]-1134. 120

B.         VICOMTES de BEARN 1134-1173 (GABARRET) 129

C.        VICOMTES de BEARN 1173-[1310] (MONTCADA) 130

Chapter 7.                VICOMTES de BEZAUME. 138

A.         VICOMTES de BEZAUME.. 138

B.         VICOMTES de BEZAUME (BOVILLE) 142

C.        SEIGNEURS de CAUMONT. 144

D.        SEIGNEURS de DURAS (DURFORT) 147

Chapter 8.                COMTES de BIGORRE. 149

A.         COMTES de BIGORRE [870]-[1040] 149

B.         COMTES de BIGORRE [1040]-1080 (COMTES de CARCASSONNE) 154

C.        COMTES de BIGORRE 1080-[1148] (VICOMTES de BEARN) 156

D.        COMTES de BIGORRE [1148]-[1200] (VICOMTES de MARSAN) 158

E.         COMTES de BIGORRE [1200]-1316 (COMMINGES, MONTFORT and MARSAN) 159

F.         VICOMTES de la BARTHE.. 164

G.        VICOMTES de LAVEDAN.. 169

H.        VICOMTES de MONTANER.. 173

Chapter 9.                BORDEAUX. 175

A.         COMTES de BORDEAUX.. 176

B.         BORDEAUX FAMILY.. 179

C.        SEIGNEURS de BLANQUEFORT. 184

D.        VICOMTES de FRONSAC.. 189

Chapter 10.              VICOMTES de DAX. 194

A.         VICOMTES de DAX.. 194

B.         SEIGNEURS de MIXE et d´OSTABARET. 198

C.        VICOMTES de DAX (SEIGNEURS de MIXE et d´OSTABARET) 201

Chapter 11.              COMTES de FEZENSAC. 202

A.         EARLY COMTES de FEZENSAC.. 202

B.         COMTES de FEZENSAC [920]-1098. 203

Chapter 12.              VICOMTES de GABARRET. 207

Chapter 13.              VICOMTES de LABOURD, VICOMTES de BAYONNE. 214

Chapter 14.              VICOMTES de LOMAGNE. 219

A.         VICOMTES de LOMAGNE.. 219

B.         VICOMTES de LOMAGNE (GOTH) 229

Chapter 15.              VICOMTES de MAREMNE. 237

Chapter 16.              VICOMTES de MARSAN. 241

Chapter 17.              VICOMTES d'OLORON. 245

Chapter 18.              VICOMTES d'ORTHE. 250

Chapter 19.              COMTES de PARDIAC. 253

A.         COMTES de PARDIAC (COMTES d´ASTARAC) 253

B.         COMTES de PARDIAC (SEIGNEURS de MONTLEZUN) 255

Chapter 20.              VICOMTES de SOULE et de LOUVIGNY. 256

Chapter 21.              VICOMTES de TARTAS. 268

Chapter 22.              VICOMTES de TURSAN (MIRAMONT) 270

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The early history of Gascony is unclear.  In the 5th and early 6th centuries, the area presumably formed part of the Visigothic kingdom based around Toulouse and Narbonne, the Romans having recalled the Goths from Spain in summer 418 and settled them in the valley of the river Garonne[1].  Following the expulsion of the Visigoths from France after Childebert I King of the Franks defeated his brother-in-law the Visigothic king Amalric at Narbonne in 531, the area around Bordeaux formed part of the territories allocated to King Childebert under the division agreed with his brother King Clotaire I, although the allocation of the other parts of Gascony (or indeed whether they fell under Frankish control at all) is unknown[2].  Some Merovingian influence over the whole area is indicated by Kings Childebert and Clotaire crossing the Pyrenees in 541, capturing Pamplona and besieging Zaragoza[3].  Gascony clearly continued to cause problems for the Merovingian kings, as nearly a century later Fredegar records that King Charibert II, installed at Toulouse by his brother King Dagobert I in 629 to control the land between the Loire and the Spanish border, expanded his territory by subjugating Gascony in [632/33][4]

 

There is little information in primary sources about the development of Gascony during the later 7th and early 8th centuries but it presumably maintained some form of local autonomy.  It is first referred to in the Royal Frankish Annals in 748, which record that "from Neustria Grifo [half-brother of Pepin King of the Franks] fled again into Gascony and went to Waifar duke of the Aquitanians"[5].  The Aquitanian reference raises doubts about the autonomy of the area, although it is unclear how much the compiler of the Annals would have known of the administration of areas remote from central Frankish authority.  The impression of Aquitanian influence over Gascony is reinforced by the 769 reference in the Annals to Hunald [Duke of Aquitaine] wishing "to make the whole of Gascony and Aquitaine renew the war [with the Franks]"[6], although the political separation between the two entities is emphasised by the reference to "Lupus duke of the Gascons" with whom Hunald had taken refuge.  Pressure from the Franks finally resulted in Lupus handing over Hunald to Charles I King of the Franks (later Emperor Charlemagne) in 769, when the Gascons presumably accepted Frankish suzerainty although this is not clearly stated in the Annals[7].  Nevertheless, Gascony continued to assert its autonomy as the Annals record that in 819 Pepin I King of Aquitaine (son of Emperor Louis I) "entered Gascony with an army, carried away the agitators, and so pacified the whole province"[8]

 

The first duke of Gascony from whom an unbroken descent can be traced is Garcia [I] Sanchez, who is first recorded in the late 9th century.  His name, as well as those of his predecessors, indicates a strong Spanish connection, presumably with the neighbouring kingdom of Pamplona (later Navarre) although this has not been established definitively.  This connection with Spain appears confirmed by the undated charter, under which "dominus Willelmus Sancii comes Gasconiorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq, which records that "avus domni Willelmi" returned from Spain where his father had taken refuge during the reign of Emperor Louis I[9].  The "avus domni Willelmi" was Count Garcia [I] Sanchez, although the chronology appears stretched if it is correct that Count Garcia's father was active during the reign of Emperor Louis I (who died in 843), assuming that his son died after 920. 

 

By the late 10th/early 11th centuries, the dukes of Gascony ruled extensive territory in the south-west of France.  Although political boundaries were unclear, it is probable that the northern limit of ducal power was marked by the course of the river Dordogne.  Their expansion to the east was limited by the comtes de Toulouse and to the south by the Pyrenees, although contact with northern Spain was probably extensive, as explained further below.  The boundaries of ecclesiastical jurisdiction appear to have been somewhat clearer, Gascony falling within the archiepiscopal sees of Bordeaux and Auch.  While most of the territory controlled by the former fell within the duchy of Aquitaine, the area controlled by the archbishop of Bordeaux himself and by his bishop at Agen were in Gascony.  The archbishopric of Auch, then comprising the bishoprics of Aire, Bayonne (separated from Dax in 778), Bazas, Dax, Lectoure, Lescar, Oloron, St Bertrand, St Lizier and Tarbes, fell exclusively within the duchy of Gascony. 

 

After the death in 1032 of Duke Sancho Guillaume, control over Gascony passed briefly through the female line to his nephew Eudes Duke of Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou.  After the death in 1039 of Duke Eudes, Gascony was claimed by Bernard [II] "Tumpaler" Comte d´Armagnac, who was the senior representative among the collateral male lines of the original ducal family (see Chapter 3).  Bernard sold his rights to Gascony back to the dukes of Aquitaine, although he appears to have had second thoughts, rebelled, and was finally expelled by Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine, probably dated to the early 1060s.  Gascony remained as a component of the duchy of Aquitaine and formed part of the extensive territories which eventually passed under English control as a result of the marriage in 1152 of the heiress of Aquitaine, Eléonore, to Henri Comte d'Anjou, Duke of Normandy who later succeeded as Henry II King of England. 

 

At some time during the later 12th or early 13th century, the territory from Bordeaux to the Pyrenees became known more generally as the "duchy of Guyenne" although the exact timing of, and precise reasons for, this change have not yet been determined. 

 

Numerous subsidiary counties and vicomtés evolved in Gascony from the mid-9th century.  The vicomté of Béarn (see Chapter 6) and the county of Bigorre (Chapter 8) emerged in southern Gascony, as direct vassals of the Gascon dukes, probably in the late 860s/early 870s.  According to the spurious Alarcon documents, both families were descended from the earlier dukes of Gascony but, as will be demonstrated in this document, this descent cannot be confirmed from other primary sources.  The county of Fezensac (Chapter 10) and the county of Astarac (Chapter 4) were created in [920] by Garcia Sancho Duke of Gascony: Fezensac in the northern inland area of Gascony, adjoining the county of Toulouse, for his younger son Guillaume, and Astarac south of the counties of Armagnac and Fezensac and east of Bigorre for his third son Arnaud.  The county of Armagnac (Chapter 3) was divided from Fezensac in the 960s as an appanage for the younger son of Guillaume Comte de Fezensac, and the county of Pardiac (Chapter 19) from Astarac around the same time for a younger son of Arnaud Comte d´Astarac.  The county of Aure (Chapter 5) was separated from the county of Astarac in the late 10th century but it was subsumed into the county of Bigorre in 1082. 

 

The development of the vicomtés in Gascony is more difficult to trace precisely.  Around ten of these vicomtés were, in addition to the vicomté de Béarn, direct vassals of the Dukes/Counts of Gascony.  The vicomté at Bezaume (Chapter 7) is first recorded in the late 10th century.  Its precise territory has not yet been identified but it is probable that it lay in north-east Gascony adjacent to the county of Agen.  It is possible that the Sires d´Albret (Chapter 2), who became a powerful influence in south-west France and Navarre in the 15th and early 16th centuries, descended from the first dynasty of vicomtes de Bezaume.  The vicomté at Dax (Chapter 10), north of Bayonne, is recorded from the early 11th century.  The vicomté of Gabarret (Chapter 12) in north-central Gascony is first recorded in the early 11th century and briefly inherited the vicomté of Béarn in the mid-12th century.  The vicomté of Labourd (Chapter 13) was created in [1023] in the south-west of Gascony, close to the border with Navarre, by Sancho III King of Navarre, but reverted to the duke of Gascony in [1034] and from the mid-12th century was more commonly referred to as the vicomté of Bayonne.  The vicomté of Lomagne (Chapter 14) was created in north-east Gascony to the north-west of Toulouse, between the towns of Lectoure and Montauban.  The vicomté of Maremne (Chapter 15) was located on the Atlantic coast north of Bayonne and is first mentioned in primary sources in the early 11th century.  It was acquired by the Albret family in the mid-13th century.  Marsan (Chapter 16) was located in the present-day French département of Landes around the town of Roquefort, with Mont-de-Marsan being established as its main town in 1133, and is first mentioned as a vicomté in [1009].  The county of Bigorre passed to the family of the vicomtes de Marsan by marriage in 1136.  The vicomté of Oloron (Chapter 17), adjacent to Béarn in south-central Gascony, is first recorded in the late 10th century and was inherited by the vicomtes de Béarn in the mid-11th century.  The vicomtes d´Orthe (Chapter 18) descended from the vicomtes de Dax, the territory being separated from the latter vicomté in [1030].  The vicomté of Louvigny (Chapter 20) was created in the 10th century around the town of the same name in south-west Gascony.  It is noteworthy in particular for the remarkable fictional descent of the vicomtes de Soule et de Louvigny, created in the spurious Alarcon documents which is shown for interest in Part A. of that chapter, but which appears to bear little relationship with the information about the family which emerges from other primary sources, which is shown in Part B.  The vicomté of Tartas (Chapter 21) was located north of Dax, around the town of the same name, and is mentioned from the late 10th century.  The vicomté of Tursan (Chapter 22) was located west of Béarn, centred around the château de Miramont which provided an alternative name for the vicomté from the late 11th century.  In addition to the vicomtés which were direct vassals of the dukes and counts of Gascony, the counts of Bigorre were suzerains of the vicomtés of la Barthe, Lavedan and Montaner, whose families are shown in sub-parts of Chapter 8 of this document.  The vicomtes de Corneillan appear to have been vassals of the comtes d´Armagnac and are shown as such in Chapter 3.  Finally, the seigneurie de l´Isle-Jourdain, located due west of Toulouse in the part of Gascony which was under the suzerainty of the comtes de Toulouse, was elevated to county status in the 1340s by Philippe VI King of France (see Chapter 13). 

 

The question whether the viscomital families in Gascony were descended in the male line from the family of the early dukes of Gascony is controversial.  According to Jaurgain, the vicomtés of Bezaume, Marsan and Oloron descended from alleged younger sons of Sancho Garcia Duke of Gascony.  He also says that the vicomtes de Dax and vicomtes de Gabarret were junior branches of the family of the vicomtes d´Oloron, and that the vicomtes de Maremne were related to the vicomtes de Marsan.  However, as explained in the different chapters of this document, the reconstructions which he claims confirm these relationships are suspect and appear to be based mainly on patronymics (which are of course not unique and are potentially the source of much confusion as can be appreciated, for example, when studying the nobility in northern Spain, see in particular the document NAVARRE NOBILITY).  The problem appears to be the basic assumption from which Jaurgain proceeds: taking for granted that all the vicomtés were granted to junior members of the ducal family as appanages, and tailoring his reconstructions accordingly.  This involves him in a great deal of selectivity in choosing signatories from different charters with whom to make connections, and in some cases he ignores the importance which can be assigned to the order in which names appear in different documents.  On a more general level, if we can argue from the examples provided by other regions of France, Jaurgain´s assumption appears faulty.  In the neighbouring county of Toulouse, it is unlikely, for example, that the vicomtes de Béziers, vicomtes de Carcassonne, vicomtes de Couserans, vicomtes de Lautrec and vicomtes de Lodève all descended from any of the comital families in the area (see TOULOUSE NOBILITY).  From further afield, in Burgundy it is unlikely that the vicomtes de Mâcon and the vicomtes de Tonnerre were related to the counts who ruled in these respective counties (see BURGUNDY DUCHY NOBILITY).  In Provence, there seems to be no idea prevalent that the vicomtes de Baux and the vicomtes de Marseille descended from the comtes de Provence (see PROVENCE).  Jaurgain also loses some credibility in his work when he argues for a family relationship between the dukes of Gascony on the one hand and the kings of Navarre, the lords in Vizcaya and even the counts of Castille, on the other.  The creation of vicomtés in France is of great interest and one which deserves further study.  However, based on a preliminary assessment after preparing this document, it appears more likely that the majority of Gascon vicomtés were awarded by the dukes/counts of Gascony to a lower tier of nobility as a reward for service and that a relationship to the ducal family should not be assumed.  This does not exclude the possibility that the Gascon vicomtes descended from the early dukes of Gascony through the female line. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    DUKES and COUNTS of GASCONY [760]-1039

 

 

A straight-forward reconstruction of the family of the early dukes of Gascony is hampered by information which is included in spurious source documents.  For this reason it is considered in two parts in Chapter 1 of this document.  The first part reconstructs the descendants of Duke Lupus based on a document dated 30 Jan 845, which purports to be a confirmation by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks of the possessions of the monastery of Sainte-Marie, Alarcon, together with nine supposed later confirmation documents[10].  The wording of these documents is unusually detailed and atypical of other contemporary Carolingian charters, strongly suggesting that they are spurious.  The date of the fabrication is not known with certainty.  Jaurgain, in his work on the nobility in Gascony, states that the collection of these documents was first published in 1694[11].  He highlights that "Comte Vandregisile", alleged founder of Alarcon according to this series of documentation, is first mentioned by Juan Tamayo de Salazar in his work on Spanish saints, which was published in 1658.  Jaurgain reports a suggestion that Tamayo was the fabricator of the whole series of Alarcon documents, the object being to assert a descent of the Gramont and Beaumont families from the Merovingians[12].  However, his own view is that the documents were fabricated in France, in the mid-17th century, in order to claim a Merovingian descent for the Mauléon-Barousse and Aspremont d´Orthe families[13].  A small part of the genealogical information in the Alarcon documentation is corroborated by other primary sources, including the Annales Metenses and the Continuator of Fredegar.  Other parts of the information are clearly incorrect, for example the statement that Boggis Duke of Aquitaine was the son of Charibert II King of the Franks in Aquitaine, the younger half-brother of the Merovingian King Dagobert I.  There remains a large part of information in the documents which is uncorroborated elsewhere and whose accuracy cannot be judged definitively.  The reconstruction set out in the first part should therefore be treated with considerable caution.  The second part of this chapter sets out the limited reconstruction of the family of the early dukes of Gascony which is possible based only on information in other surviving primary sources.  This information is sparse, and it can quickly be appreciated that there are numerous possible reconstructions other than the one based on the Alarcon documents.  It is even possible that the various rulers in Gascony at the time were unrelated warlords who seized power from each other, or who controlled different parts of the territory at the same time. 

 

 

 

A.      RECONSTRUCTION BASED ON SPURIOUS ALARCON DOCUMENTS

 

 

LOUP, son of [HATTO & his wife Vandrade ---] (-murdered [775]).  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Lupo Duci" as son of "Hattonis Ducis"[14].  His parentage has not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted. 

m ---.  The name of Loup's wife is not known. 

Loup & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [ADALRIC .  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) records that "Lupo Duci" left part of Gascony to "eius filio Adalrico" after he was captured[15].  His parentage has not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.  According to Monlezun, Adalric succeeded his father as duke of Gascony, confined to the western part of the territory[16]m ---.  The name of Adalric's wife is not known.  Adalric & his wife had [two] children:]

a)         [JIMENO (-after [814/15]).  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Scimino et Centullo" as sons of "Adalrico", stating that Gascony was divided between "dictum Sciminum et Lupum Centulli demortui Centulli filium", and that Jimeno and his son were killed in a rebellion[17].  His parentage has not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.  According to Jaurgain, "Semen-Loup, frère aîné de Sanche-Loup" succeeded his younger brother as Duke of Gascony, but he cites no primary source on which this is based[18].  Monlezun states that he was deprived of Gascony in [814/15] by Emperor Louis I[19].  Jaurgain considers that Jimeno was the same person as Seguin [I][20], who is shown in Part B below, but other indications suggest that this is probably incorrect as discussed in more detail below.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno's wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child:]

i)          [GARCIA .  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Garsimirus Scimiri genitus", stating that he and his father were killed in a rebellion[21].  His parentage has not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.] 

b)         [CENTULE (-[812]).  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Scimino et Centullo" as sons of "Adalrico"[22].  His parentage has not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.  m ---.  The name of Centule's wife is not known.  Centule & his wife had [two] children:]

i)          [LOUP (-after 819).  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Scimino et Centullo" as sons of "Adalrico", stating that Gascony was divided between "dictum Sciminum et Lupum Centulli demortui Centulli filium"[23].  His parentage has not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.  m ---.  The name of Loup's wife is not known.  Loup & his wife had [two] children:

(a)       [DONAT LOUP (-[before 865]).  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Donatum Lupum et Centulupum" as sons of "Lupi Centulli Ducis", stating that the former was installed as Comte de Bigorre[24].  Ancestor of the Comtes de Bigorre (see below, Part B).] 

(b)       [CENTULE LOUP (-[844]).  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Donatum Lupum et Centulupum" as sons of "Lupi Centulli Ducis", stating that the latter was installed as Vicomte de Béarn[25].  His parentage has not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.] 

2.         [LOUP-SANCHO .  Monlezun records that Loup "arrière petit fils [de] Eudes…fut étranglé et pendu" by King Charles's forces, leaving "fils Adalric et peut-être aussi Loup-Sanche jeunes enfants"[26].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.] 

3.         [ADELA .  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Adelæ…Ducis Lupi filiæ" as mother of "Lupus"[27].  Her parentage and marriage have not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.  m WAIFAR Duke of Aquitaine, son of HUNOALD Duke of Aquitaine & his wife --- (-killed in battle 2 Jun 768).]

 

 

1.         TOTILON (-after 815).  Duke of Gascony.  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) records that "Totilo Duci" was installed as duke of Gascony before "Sigihino Mostellanico", implying that both were installed as dukes after the rebellion of Jimeno[28].  According to Monlezun, he was invested with Gascony by Emperor Louis I and died in 845[29], although the basis for this date is uncertain. 

 

2.         SEGUIN [I] "Mostellanicus" (-after 816).  Duke of Gascony.  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) records that "Totilo Duci" was installed as duke of Gascony before "Sigihino Mostellanico", implying that both were installed as dukes after the rebellion of Jimeno[30]

 

 

 

B.      RECONSTRUCTION BASED ON OTHER PRIMARY SOURCES

 

 

The basis for the more historically accurate reconstruction of the family of the dukes of Gascony, shown in this Part B of Chapter 1, is explained above. 

 

 

1.         LOUP (-after 770).  Duke of Gascony.  Einhard records the exploits of "Wasconum dux Lupus" in 770 but does not give his origin[31]

 

2.         ADALRIC (-before 814).  [Duke of Gascony.]  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Chorso dux Tholosanus" was defeated by "cuiusdam Wasconis, Adelerici" by forces of Charles I King of the Franks and exiled, but later killed in battle[32]

 

3.         SEGUIN [I] [Jimeno] (-after 816).  Duke of Gascony.  Einhard's Annales record that "Vascones" rebelled against "ducem suum…Sigiwinum" in 816[33].  The Chronicle of Saint-André de Bordeaux records that the emperor expelled "Sihiminum comitem" who escaped to Spain "where he later caused many problems for the emperor´s forces" ("ubi postea multa turbationes contra gentes Imperatoris fecit")[34].  Seguin must have been removed from Gascony before 819 when "Lupus" is recorded in Einhard's Annales as Gascon leader (see above).  Jaurgain considers that Seguin was the same person as "Semen-Loup duc des Vascons"[35], in other words "Jimeno" who is named as son of Adalric in the possibly spurious charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (see Part A. above), although the charter distinguishes the two individuals.  The names "Sigihino/Sigiwinus/Sihiminus" are somewhat similar to "Jimeno".  The key is whether Seguin [I] was a Frankish nominee installed by the emperor after the Gascon revolt or whether he was a Gascon native leader.  The passage from Einhard quoted above suggests that the former was the case, as there appears no reason why the Gascons should have rebelled against their own leader.  However, the references to Seguin [II] (see below) are more consistent with his having been of Frankish rather than Gascon origin: it appears unlikely that a native Gascon whose father had rebelled only twenty years previously would have been appointed count at Bordeaux (presumably by King Charles II). 

 

4.         SEGUIN [II] (-killed [Bordeaux/Saintes] 846).  His name suggests a close family connection with Duke Seguin [I].   It is possible that Seguin [I] and Seguin [II] were in fact the same person as no record has been found of Seguin [I] after 816.  Comte de [Bordeaux et de Saintes].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Siguinus comes Burdagalensis et Sanctonicensis" was captured and killed by the Vikings who burnt Saintes, dating the event to the year after "Bernardus comes Pictavinus et Arueus filius Rainoldi" were killed[36].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that "Signuinus comes Burdegalensis et Santonicensis" was captured by the Vikings and killed in 845, following which Saintes was burned[37].  [Duke of Gascony.]  A letter of Lupus Abbot of Ferrières to Wenilo Archbishop of Sens, dated 846, records that "Ducem Vasconum Siguinum" was killed by "Normannos inter Burdegalam et Santones"[38]

 

5.         CENTULE .  His name is known only from the patronymic attributed to his son.  m ---.  The name of Centule's wife is not known.  Centule & his wife had two children:

a)         LOUP Centule (-after 819).  [Duke of Gascony.]  Einhard's Annales name "Berengario Tolosæ et Warino Arverni comite" as fighting "Lupus Centulli Wasco" in 819 and "in quo et fratrem Garsandum…interitum fuit"[39].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records the rebellion of "Wasco, Lupus Centulli cognomento" and fighting "Werinum Arvernorum comitem et Berengarium Tholosanum"[40].  The Gesta Francorum names "Lupus Wasco" when recording that he was "de perfidia convictus" and sent into exile in 819[41]

b)         GERSAND (-killed in battle 819).  Einhard's Annales name "Berengario Tolosæ et Warino Arverni comite" as fighting "Lupus Centulli Wasco" in 819 and "in quo et fratrem Garsandum…interitum fuit"[42]

 

6.         SANCHO (-[before 812]).  His name is known from the patronymic attributed to his son.  According to Jaurgain, Sancho was the son of Loup Duke of Gascony whom he succeeded but he cites no primary source on which he bases his assertion[43].  The poem of Ermold le Noir names "Loup-Sancion" and records that "Sancion prince des Gascons" (apparently referring to the same person) was brought up at the court of Charles I King of the Franks and swore fidelity to him[44].  This would seem to be the only reference in primary sources to Sancho.  m ---.  The name of Sancho's wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had three children:

a)         AZNAR Sancho (-[836, bur Alsonense monastery]).  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Eblus atque Asenarius comites" were ordered across the Pyrenees to Pamplona in 824[45].  His parentage is confirmed by the reference in the Annales Bertiniani to his brother as "Sancio-Sanci" (see below), although the precise identity of his father as the son of Loup Duke of Gascony has not been confirmed by the primary sources so far consulted.   Comte de Gascogne.  "Azenario Sancius comes" instructed two priests to restore "la terre de Cazaux" to the abbey of Pessan by charter dated Oct [833], subscribed by "Dato Donati comite, Garsia vice comite, Galindo Azenarii"[46].  Einhard's Annales record that "Aeblus et Asinarius comites" were sent to Pamplona with riches from Gascony but were captured, "Aeblus" being sent to Córdoba while "Asinarius" was allowed to return home as he was "quasi…consanguineus eorum"[47].  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Azenarius quoque citerioris Wasconiæ comes", who had revolted against King Pepin some years earlier, died "a horrible death" in 836[48].  The editor of the Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Asenarius comes de Iacca" founded "Alsonense monasterium" in 835 and was buried there in 836[49]m ---.  The name of Aznar's wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [GARCIA [Aznar] (-[890]).  "Azenario Sancius comes" instructed two priests to restore "la terre de Cazaux" to the abbey of Pessan by charter dated Oct [833], subscribed by "Dato Donati comite, Garsia vice comite, Galindo Azenarii"[50].  Jaurgain identifies "Garcia vice comite" as the son of Aznar Sancho[51], although the document does not indicate the relationship between him and Aznar.  "Garsiano comite, Garcia-Dat, Azenario vicecomite, Sancho-Atilio" subscribed the charter dated Jan [846] under which "Dolgrin" donated "la terre de Cazaux" to the abbey of Pessan, for the soul of "Aner Sancio comite"[52].  Jaurgain states that "Garsiano comite" was the son of Aznar Sanchez and that "Azenario vicecomite" was the son of Garcia Aznar[53].  However, he does not explain how he makes this deduction from the wording of this charter which, as quoted by him, does not specify the patronymics of the subscribers.  Jaurgain states that "Garsiano comite" died "vers 890" but he does not cite the primary source on which this is based[54].]  m ---.  The name of Garcia´s wife is not known.  Garcia & his wife had [one] child: 

(a)       [AZNAR [Garcia] .  "Garsiano comite, Garcia-Dat, Azenario vicecomite, Sancho-Atilio" subscribed the charter dated Jan [846] under which "Dolgrin" donated "la terre de Cazaux" to the abbey of Pessan, for the soul of "Aner Sancio comite"[55].  Jaurgain states that "Garsiano comite" was the son of Aznar Sanchez and that "Azenario vicecomite" was the son of Garcia Aznar[56].  However, he does not explain how he makes this deduction from the wording of this charter which, as quoted by him, does not specify the patronymics of the subscribers.]  m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had one child: 

(1)       [LOUP Aznar (-[935]).  Jaurgain states that "Loup Aznar comte de Comminges" was the son of "Aznar II, fils de Garcia" and that he was comte de Comminges from [910] to [935], but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[57].  [Comte de Comminges.]  Flodoard records that "Lupus quoque Acinarius Vasco" swore hommage to Hugues (future dux Francorum) and King Raoul in 932, commenting that he rode a horse vigorously when he was more than 100 years old[58]m ---.  The name of Loup´s wife is not known.  Loup & his wife had one child: 

a.         [AZNAR [III] (-[940]).  Jaurgain states that "Loup Aznar comte de Comminges" was the father of "Aznar III" but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[59].  "Vicecomes…Asnarius" founded the monastery of Peyrissas, on returning from pilgrimage to Rome, and placed it under the protection of "comiti Comunensis", dated to [915] (by Jaurgain), as recorded in a charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075][60].  [Comte de Comminges].] 

-         COMTES de COMMINGES

ii)         [MARIE .  This individual probably never existed.  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the introduction to the present chapter) names "Maria comitissa" as wife of "Vandregisilus comes consanguineus noster…" and daughter of "quondam Asinario comite" from whom she inherited "castri Vandres"[61].  Her name and parentage have not been corroborated by other primary sources consulted.  The editor of the Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Asenarius comes de Iacca filiam suam Mariam" married "Wandregisilo limitis Hispanici comitis, qui ab Eudone Aquitaniæ ducis genus ducebat"[62]m WANDREGISIL, son of ---.] 

b)         SANCHO Sancho (-[855]).  The Annales Bertiniani record that "fraterque illius Sancio-Sanci" occupied "citerioris Wasconia", against the wishes of King Pepin, after the death of "Azenarius quoque citerioris Wasconiæ comes" in 836[63]Comte de Gascogne.  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Sancius comes Vasconiæ" was captured in 852 by "Pippinum, Pippini filium"[64]Duke of Gascony.  The Sebastiani Chronicon records that "Muza quidem nomine Gothus, se ritu Mahamentiano…deceptus" invaded southern France and captured "duos…Francorum magnos duces…Sancionem et…Epulonem" and imprisoned them in chains[65].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates the event to 850[66].  Jaurgain considers that this is incorrect and redates the event to Oct 853[67].  The Sebastiani Chronicon records that Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks bought peace from Musa, after which the captives were released[68].  According to Jaurgain, Sancho died "vers 855" but he cites no primary source on which this is based[69]

c)         [SANCHA] .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Translatio Reliquiarum S. Faustæ which records that (her son) "Arnaldus" obtained "apud Gascones…Ducatus", adding that he was "filius cuiusdam comitis Petragoricensis…Imonis" and that he succeeded "avunculo suo Sanctioni"[70].  She is named Sancha by Jaurgain[71], but the primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m EMENON Comte de Périgord, son of ---.  Emenon & his wife had one child: 

i)          ARNAUD (-864).  The Translatio Reliquiarum S. Faustæ records that "Arnaldus" obtained "apud Gascones…Ducatus", adding that he was "filius cuiusdam comitis Petragoricensis…Imonis", that he succeeded "avunculo suo Sanctioni", that he fought off Viking attacks, and died just before retiring to the monastery of Solignac in Limousin[72]Duke of Gascony

 

7.         DONAT .  His name is known only from the patronymic attributed to his son.  According to Jaurgain, he was the son of Loup Duke of Gascony but he cites no primary source on which this is based and it appears to be no more than a guess[73]

-        CONDES de BAILO

 

8.         LOUP .  His name is known only from the patronymic attributed to his son.  It is possible that he was the same person as Loup [Duke of Gascony] (died after 819) who is shown above.  m ---.  The name of Loup's wife is not known.  Loup & his wife had one child: 

a)         DONAT Loup (-[838/65])Comte [de Bigorre].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that Emperor Louis I sent "Elisachar abbatem et Hildebrandum comitem…et Donatum" to suppress the revolt of "Aizone" in the March of Spain [in 827][74].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that Emperor Louis I sent "Bonifatius comes et Donatus…comes…et Adrebaldus Flaviniacensis monasterii abbas" as missi to Septimania [in 838][75].  The chronology suggests that he was a different person from Donat, ancestor of the Condes de Bailo, who is shown above.  m FAQUILO, daughter of [MANSIO] & his wife ---.  "Dompna Faquilo" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan, for the souls of "Mansionis…Donati Lupi comiti…et filiis meis et filias", by charter dated Dec [865], subscribed by "Dattonis Donati comitis, Luponis, Luponis Centuli"[76].  Monlezun names "Faquilène, fille de Mancion qui paraît appartenir à la souche des vicomtes de Lavédan" as the wife of Donat-Loup de Bigorre[77]

-        COMTES de BIGORRE

 

9.         CENTULE .  His name is known only from the patronymic attributed to his son.  m [AURIA], daughter of ---.  Monlezun names "Auria" as wife of Centule Loup[78].  Centule & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOUP Centule (-[905]).  "Dompna Faquilo" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan, for the souls of "Mansionis…Donati Lupi comiti…et filiis meis et filias", by charter dated Dec [865], subscribed by "Dattonis Donati comitis, Luponis, Luponis Centuli"[79]

-        VICOMTES de BEARN

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME, son of [BERTRAND Comte de [Bazas et d´Agen] & his wife Berta ---] (-[killed Bordeaux 848])Comte de [Bordeaux].  [Duke of Gascony.]  He was presumably invested with part of Gascony after the death of Seguin [II] but no primary source has been found which confirms that this is correct.  The Chronicon Fontanellensis records that "Ducem eiusdem Guilhelmum" was captured (and presumably killed, but this is not stated in the source) when "Nortmanni" captured Bordeaux in 848[80]

 

 

1.         SANCHO "Mitarra/Menditarra" ([825/35]-before 893).  The parentage of Sancho is unclear from the primary sources.  Although the patronymic of his son Garcia indicates his father's name, Settipani states that there is no proof that Sancho was related to the previous dukes of Gascony who are shown above[81].  However, a clue is provided by the undated charter, under which Sancho´s great-grandson "dominus Willelmus Sancii comes Gasconiorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq[82].  The document records that "quomodo venisset de Hispania avus domni Willelmi ubi se contulerat pater eius tempore domni Ludovici imperatoris" ("the grandfather of seigneur Guillaume had come from Spain where his father had taken refuge at the time of emperor Louis")[83].  The "avus domni Willelmi" was Count Garcia [I] Sanchez, so the latter's own father would have been Sancho.  The document also states that the consanguinity of Guillaume Sancho with Gaston Centule Vicomte de Béarn was proved: "quidem Rex" (which from the context appears to refer to Sancho) invested "avo Vicecomitis [Gasto Centuli Vicecomes Bearnensis], qui erat de eius progenie" with "hac patria".  This statement provides a strong suggestion that Sancho and his son were related to the previous dukes of Gascony, from whom the vicomtes de Béarn were probably descended although the documentation which proves this relationship has not survived.  Another perspective is provided by the Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ which records that "maxima pars nobilium virorum Guasconiæ" left for "Hispaniam ad Consulem Castellæ" (presumably during the time of Emperor Louis I, although this is not stated in the document), that "Sancius Mitarra, minimus filiorum eius" returned to Gascony, where he was made "Consul" and had a son "Mitarra-Sancius" who was father of "Garsiam-Sancium Curvum"[84].  The distinction between the two persons "Sancius Mitarra" and "Mitarra Sancius" appears unlikely from a chronological point of view, especially given the patronymic assigned to Comte Garcia [I] in other sources (see below).  Sancho´s birth date is estimated from the estimated birth date of his son.  The charter of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq, quoted above, suggests that Sancho must have been invested as Duke of Gascony in the latter half of the 9th century, maybe in 864 after the death of Duke Arnaud.  The document refers to him as "Rex".  It is unclear why he should have been accorded this title.  However, as noted below, the same title is referred to in a charter dated to [920] in which his son calls himself "Garsias Sanctii consul filius regis Sancii"[85].  This document presumably provided the basis on which Monlezun states that Sancho was the third son of "Garsias-Ximenes" king of Pamplona, and that he eventually succeeded as king of Navarre after 901[86], although he cites no primary sources.  It appears improbable from a chronological point of view that Sancho could have been the same person as Sancho I García King of Navarre, whose succession in Navarre is dated to 905 and death to 925.  The surprising conclusion appears to be that Sancho, father of Garcia [I], was referred to in contemporary documentation as "king" by way of honorific title.  m ---.  The name of Sancho's wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had two children: 

a)         GARCIA [I] "le Tors/el Curvo" Sancho ([850/60]-after 920)The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Garsiam-Sancium Curvum" as son of "Mitarra-Sancius"[87].  His birth date is estimated consistent with his father´s estimated birth date range.  Comte de Gascogne

-        see below

b)         ANEPALAFRED .  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis records that “Anepalafred frater Comitis Garsia Sancii” donated “ecclesiam sancti Pauli in…Bonos Casales” for having been cured of an illness after two years[88]

 

 

GARCIA [I] "le Tors/el Curvo" Sancho, son of SANCHO "Mitarra/Menditarra" Duke of Gascony & his wife --- ([850/60]-after 920).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Garsiam-Sancium Curvum" as son of "Mitarra-Sancius"[89].  His birth date is estimated consistent with his father´s estimated birth date range.  Comte de Gascogne.  He is named in charters dated [886/87][90].  “Rex Fortunio Garcianes” reviewed the territories of the monastery of San Julián de Labasal, at the request of “comite Galindo Asnar”, by charter dated 893, whose dating clause records “...Garcia Sanz in Gallias, Raimundus in Paliares, pagani...Mohomet Ebenlupu in Balleterra et Mohomet Atauel in Osca...[91].  "Walfridus…abba…monachorum monasterii Soricinensis" sold "cella Modulfi", donated by "Arrichoatus comes", to "dominus Garcias, comes et marchio in limitibus oceanis" by charter dated Oct 904, which names "uxoris suæ Aminianæ et…filiis et filiabus"[92].  "Garsias Sanctii consul filius regis Sancii" granted "Astaracensem pagum" to "Arnaldo filio meo" by charter dated to [920], signed by "Garciæ Sancii Consulis, Sancii Wilhelmi comitis filii, Salii Vivari, Sancii Amanevi, Gumbaudi, Eneci fratris eius"[93]

m AMUNA [Munia], daughter of ---.  "Walfridus…abba…monachorum monasterii Soricinensis" sold "cella Modulfi", donated by "Arrichoatus comes", to "dominus Garcias, comes et marchio in limitibus oceanis" by charter dated Oct 904, which names "uxoris suæ Aminianæ et…filiis et filiabus"[94].  Jaurgain suggests that "Aminiane", wife of Garcia, was the daughter of Guillaume Comte [de Bordeaux] and [Duke of Gascony] whom (it seems) Garcia´s father succeeded, in order to explain in particular the transmission of the name Guillaume into Garcia´s family[95].  The chronology is not ideal for this suggestion.  Guillaume Comte [de Bordeaux] is last recorded when he was captured in 848.  Jaurgain says “très probablement, il survécut longtemps à ce désastre”.  No indication has been found which indicates that Jaurgain´s speculation is correct.  Given the estimated birth dates of Garcia´s children, it is unlikely that their mother was born before [860], which would mean that Guillaume survived for a considerable time during which the sources were silent about his career.  In any case, the name “Munia” suggests that Garcia´s wife was of Spanish origin.  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis records that "comitissa…coniux…Garsiæ Principis cognomento Curvi" restored the convent of Condom[96]

Comte Garcia I & his wife had [seven] children:

1.         SANCHO Garcia ([875/90]-[950/55]).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium-Garsiam et Willelmum-Garsiam et Arnaldum-Garsiam" as the three sons of "Garsiam-Sancium Corvum", specifying that they divided Gascony between them[97].  Sancho Garcia is named as the son of Garcia Sanchez in the cartulary of Auch[98] and in the Codex de Roda[99], the former specifying that he inherited Gascony from his father.  His birth date range is estimated based on the birth date range estimated for his father, although his estimated date of death suggests that he was probably born towards the end of this range.  Comte de Gascogne

-        see below

2.         GUILLAUME Garcia .  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium-Garsiam et Willelmum-Garsiam et Arnaldum-Garsiam" as the three sons of "Garsiam-Sancium Corvum", specifying that they divided Gascony between them, Guillaume Garcia receiving "Fidenciacum"[100].  The Codex de Roda names "Sanzio Garsias et Arnaldo Garsies ac Gilelmo Garsies, ac domna Andregoto, seu domna Acibella, seu et ---" as the children of "Garsea Sanzoz" and his unnamed wife[101].  The cartulary of Auch records that "Garsiam Sancium Curvum" had three sons "Sancium Garsiam et Guillelmum Garsiam et Arnaldum Garsiam", specifying that Sancho succeeded in Gascony, Guillaume in Fezensac, and Arnaud in Astarac[102].  Monlezun names "Guillaume" as second of the three sons of Garcia, specifying that he succeeded his father in "Fezensac, réuni alors à l'Armagnac"[103].   "Guilelmus Garsie comes de Fidentiaco" donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch by charter dated May [926], signed by "Oriolo Datus vicecomite…"[104]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had five children: 

a)         RAYMOND .  The Codex de Roda names "Regemundus de Fedenzac, et Oton, ac Fridolo, et Bernardo, at domna ---" as the children of "Gilelmo Garsies" and his unnamed wife[105]

b)         OTHON (-before 985).  The Codex de Roda names "Regemundus de Fedenzac, et Oton, ac Fridolo, et Bernardo, at domna ---" as the children of "Gilelmo Garsies" and his unnamed wife[106].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Ottonem cognomina Fultam et Bernardum Luscum" as children of "Guillelmus-Garsias Consul Fidentiaci", stating that they divided their territories between them, Othon taking "Fidentiacum"[107]Comte de Fezensac [965].  Monlezun names "Othon et Bernard" as the two sons of Guillaume Garcia, specifying that Othon succeeded his father in "l'orient qui retint le nom de Fezensac [et qui] s'étendait de Vic à Mauvezin, et de Montesquiou à Valence" but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[108]

-        COMTES de FEZENSAC

c)         FREDELON .  The Codex de Roda names "Regemundus de Fedenzac, et Oton, ac Fridolo, et Bernardo, at domna ---" as the children of "Gilelmo Garsies" and his unnamed wife[109].  "Oddo comes" donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch by charter dated to [960] "regnante tres fratres germanos Oddo comite, Bernardo comite, Fredelone comite"[110]

d)         BERNARD "le Louche" (-after 1029).  The Codex de Roda names "Regemundus de Fedenzac, et Oton, ac Fridolo, et Bernardo, at domna ---" as the children of "Gilelmo Garsies" and his unnamed wife[111].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Ottonem cognomina Fultam et Bernardum Luscum" as children of "Guillelmus-Garsias Consul Fidentiaci", stating that they divided their territories between them, Bernard taking "Armaniacum" and also commenting that Bernard built "Monasterium S. Orientii"[112]Comte d'Armagnac et d'Aignan ([965].  Monlezun names "Othon et Bernard" as the two sons of Guillaume Garcia, specifying that Bernard succeeded his father in "l'occident sous le nom d'Armagnac…[comprenant] les cantons actuels de Riscle, d'Aignan, de Nogaro et de Cazaubon" but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[113]

-        COMTES d'ARMAGNAC

e)         GERSENDE de Fezensac .  The Codex de Roda names "Regemundus de Fedenzac, et Oton, ac Fridolo, et Bernardo, at domna ---" as the children of "Gilelmo Garsies" and his unnamed wife, stating that the unnamed daughter was the mother of "domne Abe comitisse"[114].  Another passage in the Codex de Roda names "domna --- Gilelmo Garsias filia" as the wife of "Regemundus"[115].  The end 13th century “Crònica d´Alaó Renovada” names “Garsendis…de Gallis” as wife of “Regimundi…comes Ripacurcie[116].  “Regimundus…commes…et coniux mea Eresindis” donated property for the monastery of San Vicente by charter which is dated 1 Dec “anno regnante Leutario rege” and also quotes the date “957”[117].  Her name is indicated by the undated charter under which “Unifredus comes” donated property “ad Stum Petrum de Lastanosa”, for the souls of “parente meo Raimundo comite et…matre mea Gersinde comittissa[118].  “Regimundus…commes…et coniux mea Eresindis” donated property for the monastery of San Vicente by charter which is dated 1 Dec “anno regnante Leutario rege” and also quotes the date “957”[119]m RAIMUNDO [II] Conde de Ribagorza, son of BERNARDO [I] Conde de Ribagorza & his wife Tota de Aragón (-[960/Dec 964]). 

3.         ARNAUD Garcia (-[960]).  The Codex de Roda names "Sanzio Garsias et Arnaldo Garsies ac Gilelmo Garsies, ac domna Andregoto, seu domna Acibella, seu et ---" as the children of "Garsea Sanzoz" and his unnamed wife[120].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium-Garsiam et Willelmum-Garsiam et Arnaldum-Garsiam" as the three sons of "Garsiam-Sancium Corvum", specifying that they divided Gascony between them, Arnaud Garcia receiving "Astaracum"[121]Comte d'Astarac

-        COMTES d'ASTARAC

4.         ANDREGOTO .  The Codex de Roda names "Sanzio Garsias et Arnaldo Garsies ac Gilelmo Garsies, ac domna Andregoto, seu domna Acibella, seu et ---" as the children of "Garsea Sanzoz" and his unnamed wife[122].  [m RAYMOND Comte de Bordeaux, son of ---.  Settipani suggests that the wife of Comte Raymond, named Andregoto, was the daughter of Duke Garcia Sanchez of the same name but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[123].  "Comes Villelmus…matrem suam…Entregotis et uxorem suam Aremburgis" and "Guillelmus comes, filius Remundo comiti" founded the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated to "regnante Guillelmo comite, quod vocatur bonus in civitate Burdegalensi"[124].] 

5.         ACIBELLA de Gascogne (-before 905).  The Codex de Roda names "domna Acibella, Garsea Sanzionis comitis Guasconie filia" as the first wife of "Galindo Asnari"[125]m as his first wife, GALINDO II Aznar Conde de Aragón, son of AZNAR II Galíndez Conde de Aragón & his wife Oneca Garcés de Pamplona (-923). 

6.         [GERSENDE] (-after 972).  The Codex de Roda names "Sanzio Garsias et Arnaldo Garsies ac Gilelmo Garsies, ac domna Andregoto, seu domna Acibella, seu et ---" as the children of "Garsea Sanzoz" and his unnamed wife[126].  Another passage in the Codex de Roda records that "Pontio" married "filia Garsie Sanzionis" by whom he was father of "Regimundus"[127].  This could refer to any of the three daughters referred to in the former passage.  The name of the wife of Raymond Pons Comte de Toulouse is confirmed by her undated codicil testament (see below).  Settipani discusses hypotheses suggesting that the two sources do not in fact refer to the same wife of Raymond Pons, who in this scenario would have married twice, firstly to a daughter of Garcia de Gascogne and secondly to Gersende[128].  It is suggested that Raymond Pons's first wife was Garcia's daughter who is named Andregoto in the Codex de Roda (the widow of Raymond Comte de Bordeaux), and that his second wife Gersende was the daughter of Ermengaud Comte de Rouergue.  The Rouergue origin is proposed to explain why most of the property referred to in Gersende's codicil testament was located in Rouergue and Albigeois, although it is recognised that if this origin is correct the spouses would have been first cousins (insufficient information has yet been identified on which to base a conclusion concerning the acceptability to the church of first cousin marriages at that time).  The hypothesis represents an interesting speculation.  However, it is not felt that there is a sufficiently strong basis to justify showing these two marriages as a likely possibility, even in square brackets, in this document.  "Poncio comes et marchio" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 17 Jan 937, signed by "Garsindis, Jonus vicecomes…Ato vicecomes"[129].  "Raimundus qui et Pontius, primarchio et dux Aquitanorum et uxor mea Garsindis" dedicated the church of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 937[130].  "…Domni Pontii ducis Aquitanorum et comitis Tolosani, Guarsindis uxoris eius, Hugonis comitis, Arnaudi vicecomitis, Sicardi vicecomitis, Atonis, Pontii" signed the charter dated Aug 940 under which Aimery Archbishop of Narbonne and Rodoald Bishop of Béziers donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières[131].  A charter dated 969, which records an agreement between Aimery Archbishop of Narbonne and the monastery of Saint-Pons de Thomières, refers to the advice of "Gersindæ comitissæ et Adalais vicecomitissæ" and "quondam Poncius comes"[132].  A charter dated 972 records donations to the church of Saint-Michel de Gaillac, confirmed by "Regimundus comes", subscribed by "Gersindis comitissæ"[133].  "Domina Garcendis comitissa quæ fui uxor domni Pontii comitis" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières, for the soul of "dicti mariti mei Pontii comitis", by charter dated Jul [972], which reserves property which "Adalaydis et filius eius Ermengaudus et Raymundus" held in "castrum de Cenceno" for their lives[134].  The testament of "Gersindæ comitissæ", dated to [972], bequeathed property for life to the following beneficiaries (few of whom can be identified): "ecclesiam…Sancti Symphoriani cum alode…Cabannes excepto Dauker" to "Ugoni comiti nepoti meo" [Hugues Comte de Quercy?]; "alodem meum…Cencinnonem" to "Adalais vicecomitissæ et filiis eius Ermengaudo et Regimundo" [Adelais, widow of Matfred Vicomte de Narbonne]; "ecclesiam…Sanctum Martialum de Greza" to "Aimerico" and after his death to "Regimundo filio eius"; "villam…Gerbuxam" to "Mironi filio Amelii" and after his death to "fratri ipsius…Matfredi"; "villam meam…Brutia" to "Amelio nepoti meo" [see below]; "alodem meum…Vilarem" to "Froterio"; "alodum meum…Cantullum" to "Adraldo filio"; "alodum meum…Cantullum" to "Bernardo vicecomiti"; "castellarum…Becus…excepto convenientia Grimaldi…Bernardo filio ipsius Grimaldi" to the church of Saint-Vincent; "ecclesiam meam de Vinarcha" to "Bernardo et Dagberto filiis Dagberti"; "mansum quam tenuit Robertus" to "Regimundo filio Bernardi"; "fevum quam tenuit Rostagnus de Veharca" to "Aimardo et Bernardo filiis Bernardi"; "alium fevum quem tenuit Pontius" to "Raymundo filio Bernardi et alio Raymundo et Attoni"; "ecclesiam meam de Bar" to "Isarnus vicecomes"; "alios mansos" to "Aicfredo et fratri eius Matfredo, filiis Unigerii"; "Cotnag et Vallelias" to "Raymundo filio Gundinildis nepoti meo" [Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse?]; "mansum ubi Godalbertus visus est manere" to "Sicfredo" and after his death to "filio suo Rainardo"; "Campumalbum et Bragos" to "Barnardo filio Regimundo"; "mansum de Genestoso" to "Adalrico filio Pontii"; "alodem quem dedit mihi Regimundus, ecclesiam de Becia" to "Alanberganæ"; "alodum de Fraxino…medietatem" to "Arnaldo filio Bernardi"; "ecclesiam de Muscle…Sanctum Stephanum" to "Sanctioni filio Foramundi", "alium alodem" half to "Olibano" and half to "ipsi Sanctioni"; "mansum ubi mansit Andreas de Miliares" to "Gauzeleno et filio eius Umberti"[135]m RAYMOND PONS Comte de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND II Comte de Toulouse & his wife Guinidilda [de Barcelona] ([900]-[940/44], bur Saint-Pons-de-Thomières). 

7.         [TOTA .  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis records that “Soror Principis Sanctii…Tota” donated property after taking “possessionem sancti Petri…Tamvilla[136].  Tota´s parentage is not without doubt but it is a reasonable assumption that “Principis Sanctii” refers to Comte Sancho Garcia.] 

 

 

SANCHO Garcia, son of GARCIA [I] "le Tors/el Curvo" Sancho Comte de Gascogne & his wife Amuna --- ([875/90]-[950/55])The Codex de Roda names "Sanzio Garsias et Arnaldo Garsies ac Gilelmo Garsies, ac domna Andregoto, seu domna Acibella, seu et ---" as the children of "Garsea Sanzoz" and his unnamed wife[137].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium-Garsiam et Willelmum-Garsiam et Arnaldum-Garsiam" as the three sons of "Garsiam-Sancium Corvum", specifying that they divided Gascony between them[138].  The cartulary of Auch records that "Garsiam Sancium Curvum" had three sons "Sancium Garsiam et Guillelmum Garsiam et Arnaldum Garsiam", specifying that Sancho succeeded in Gascony, Guillaume in Fezensac, and Arnaud in Astarac[139].  His birth date range is estimated based on the birth date range estimated for his father, although his estimated date of death suggests that he was probably born towards the end of this range.  Comte de Gascogne.  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis names "Sancius-Garsiæ" as brother of "Arnaldus…cognomento…Natus", son of "comitissa…coniux…Garsiæ Principis cognomento Curvi" who restored the convent of Condom, specifying that he received "Vasconiæ Principatum"[140].  Monlezun names "Sanche" as oldest of the three sons of Garcia, specifying that he succeeded his father in "la grande Gascogne qui comprenait les vicomtés de Lomagen, de Gavarret, de Tursan et de Bruillois"[141].   

m ---.  The name of Sancho's wife is not known.  The cartulary of Auch records that "Sancius Garsias" had "duos filios manzeres Sancium Sancium et Guillelmum Sancium"[142].  This is the only source so far identified which casts doubt on the legitimacy of any of Sancho´s children.  Jaurgain suggests that Sancho may have been closely related to his wife, and that the church had not granted the required dispensation for the marriage, therefore considering the children as illegitimate[143].  Jaurgain suggests that Sancho´s other children, who are not named in this source, must have been born from an otherwise unrecorded second marriage[144].  While it is not impossible that Sancho married twice, it does not appear correct to draw this conclusion only from the absence of the names of the other children from the Auch cartulary. 

Sancho & his wife had seven children:

1.         GARCIA Sancho .  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Sanzoz, ac Sanzo Sanzoz et Gilelmo Sanzoz, ac domnus Gundebaldus episcopus, ad domna Acibella…ac domna Lucia" as the children of "Sanzio Garsies" and his unnamed wife[145]

2.         SANCHO Sancho (-[961]).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Sanzoz, ac Sanzo Sanzoz et Gilelmo Sanzoz, ac domnus Gundebaldus episcopus, ad domna Acibella…ac domna Lucia" as the children of "Sanzio Garsies" and his unnamed wife[146].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis names "Sancium…et Guillermum atque Gimbaldum" as the three children of "Sancius-Garsiæ", specifying that "Sancius-Sanctii major natu" succeeded his father but died childless[147].  The cartulary of Auch records that "Sancius Garsias" had "duos filios manzeres Sancium Sancium et Guillelmum Sancium"[148].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium-Sancium et Guillelmum-Sancium" as "duos filios manzeres" of "Sancius-Garsias"[149]Comte de Gascogne.  Monlezun names "Sanche et Guillaume que les cartulaires d'Auch et de Lescar traitent d'enfants naturels" as sons of Sancho, and that Sancho succeeded his father but died without issue and was succeeded by his brother[150]

3.         GUILLAUME Sancho (-23 Dec [996]).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Sanzoz, ac Sanzo Sanzoz et Gilelmo Sanzoz, ac domnus Gundebaldus episcopus, ad domna Acibella…ac domna Lucia" as the children of "Sanzio Garsies" and his unnamed wife[151].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis names "Sancium…et Guillermum atque Gimbaldum" as the three children of "Sancius-Garsiæ", specifying that "Guillelmus-Sanctii" succeeded his brother[152]Comte de Gascogne.   

-        see below

4.         GOMBAUD (-after 978).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Sanzoz, ac Sanzo Sanzoz et Gilelmo Sanzoz, ac domnus Gundebaldus episcopus, ad domna Acibella…ac domna Lucia" as the children of "Sanzio Garsies" and his unnamed wife[153].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis names "Sancium…et Guillermum atque Gimbaldum" as the three children of "Sancius-Garsiæ"[154].  "Garsias Sanctii consul filius regis Sancii" granted "Astaracensem pagum" to "Arnaldo filio meo" by charter dated to [920], signed by "Garciæ Sancii Consulis, Sancii Wilhelmi comitis filii, Salii Vivari, Sancii Amanevi, Gumbaudi, Eneci fratris eius"[155].  "Gumboldus episcopus et frater meus Willelmus Sancio dux Vasconum" re-established the monastery of La Réole by charter dated 977, subscribed by "Garsiæ nepotis ipsorum, Rotgarii vicecomitis, Utzan Amaneii, Seguini vicecomitis, Areolidat vicecomitis, Arnoldi Amaneii"[156].  The version reproduced by Marca, quoted by Jaurgain, names "Garsiæ nepotis ipsorum, Rotgarii Judicis, Utzan Amaneu, Vicecomitis Exii, Areolidat Vicecomitis, Arnaldi Amaneu" as the subscribers[157].  Bishop and Duc des Gascons 978.  "Gumboldus episcopus…regionis dux" confirmed an exchange of property between the monks of La Réole and his vassal "Arsia" with the advice of "fratrum…Willelmus Sancio dux" by charter dated 978, subscribed by "Aner Sano vicecomes, Willelmus Arsiæ, Sans Aner, Rotgarius vicecomes, Utzan Amanieu, Arnald Amanieu"[158].  "Gunbaldus sancta Burdegalensis ecclesie archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Cyprien at Poitiers by charter dated to [989/1010], subscribed by "Avierna, Ilduini filii eius, Willelmi fratris sui, Odulrici fratris sui"[159].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis notes that "Gimbaldum Comitem, patrem Ugonis Episcopi" donated property "ecclesiam S. Johannis, Cablisa" to the convent of Condom[160]m ---.  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis records that "Gimbaldum-Sanctii" married "uxorem…nobilibus ortam natalibus" before his appointment as bishop[161].  The name of Gombald's wife is not known.  Gombald & his wife had one child:

a)         HUGUES (-after 29 Jul 1011).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis records that "Gimbaldum-Sanctii" married "uxorem…nobilibus ortam natalibus" before his appointment as bishop, and that the couple had "filium…Hugonem", recording that he was unable to succeed after the death of his father but was eventually installed in "Basatensem Episcopatum"[162].  "Avierna, Ilduini filii eius…" subscribed the charter dated to [989/1010] under which "Gunbaldus sancta Burdegalensis ecclesie archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Cyprien at Poitiers[163].  "Hugo...præsulatus" donated property, obtained by “meus genitor Gunbaldus”, to Condom, reciting that “meus patruus et Vasconiæ comes Sanctius” founded the abbey, was succeeded by “frater eius Guillelmus Sanctius meus itidem patruus”, that “quodam tempore Guillelmo Burdegalensi comite capto, meus patruus Guillelmus Sancius cuius superius mentionem feci, ei subvenire studuit” and made donations[164].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias, Bernardo Vicecomite, et Arnaldo Lupo Vicecomite, Amnardo, Gauzelmo, Arhuino, Gauselmo alio Vicecomite", donated property "omnem portionem meæ hereditatis…in pago Leumaniæ" to the convent of Condom, for the souls of "meorumque parentum, item Garsiæ-Sanctii Comitis et filii sui Sanctii-Garsiæ Comitis, et Guillermi-Sanctii Comitis et Gimbaldi Episcopi, et Guillelmi Comitis, et Garsiæ Comitis, et Bernardi-Guillelmi Comitis, et Urachæ Comitissæ", naming in a later passage "meus genitor Gimbaldus…meus patruus et Vasconiæ Comes Sanctius…frater eius Guillelmus-Sanctius, meus itidem patruus"[165]

5.         UDALRICH .  "…Willelmi fratris sui, Odulrici fratris sui" subscribed the charter dated to [989/1010] under which "Gunbaldus sancta Burdegalensis ecclesie archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Cyprien at Poitiers[166]

6.         [son .  The wording of the charter of the 29 Jul 1011 charter of Bishop Hugues de Gascogne suggests that the individuals who consented to his donation were his close relations and heirs.  Vicomte Arnaud is named first in the list, after Duke Sancho Guillaume, and therefore should probably be considered the senior heir.  The document provides no indication about his parentage.  Jaurgain states that he was descended from "Donat Sanche troisième fils de Sanche IV Garcia, duc et comte de Gascogne, né de sa seconde femme" but he provides no primary source which confirms the existence of this individual[167].  Under his reconstruction, Vicomte Arnaud was the grandson of this person.  However, the birth date range estimated for Arnaud is more consistent with his being the first cousin of Hugues.  m ---.]  [Two children]: 

a)         [GUILLAUME (-3 Nov [before 1011], bur Sainte-Quitterie d´Aire).  An inscription in the church of Sainte-Quitterie d´Aire records the death "III Id Nov" of "Guillelmus comes C--- [M]archio dux Guascanorum" and the death of "Garsie fratris eius comitis Agennensium"[168].  Marca explains this inscription by asserting that the children of Duke Guillaume Sancho were under age when their father died and that "Guillaume leur cousin germain pris la conduite des affaires avec la qualité de comte, marquis et duc des Gascons"[169].  No primary source has been identified which confirms this supposition.  In a later passage, Jaurgain cites secondary sources which claim that the inscription never existed, although he appears not to subscribe to this view[170].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis" donated property to the convent of Condom, for the souls of "meorumque parentum, item Garsiæ-Sanctii Comitis et filii sui Sanctii-Garsiæ Comitis, et Guillermi-Sanctii Comitis et Gimbaldi Episcopi, et Guillelmi Comitis, et Garsiæ Comitis, et Bernardi-Guillelmi Comitis, et Urachæ Comitissæ"[171].  It is assumed that "…et Guillelmi Comitis, et Garsiæ Comitis…" were these two brothers.] 

b)         [GARCIA (-[before 29 Jul 1011], bur Sainte-Quitterie d´Aire).  "Garsiæ nepotis ipsorum…" subscribed the charter dated 977 under which "Gumboldus episcopus et frater meus Willelmus Sancio dux Vasconum" re-established the monastery of La Réole[172].  His relationship to Guillaume is confirmed by an inscription in the church of Sa inte-Quitterie d´Aire which records the death "III Id Nov" of "Guillelmus comes C--- [M]archio dux Guascanorum" and the death of "Garsie fratris eius comitis Agennensium"[173].  Jaurgain cites secondary sources which claim that the inscription never existed, although he appears not to subscribe to this view[174].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis" donated property to the convent of Condom, for the souls of "meorumque parentum, item Garsiæ-Sanctii Comitis et filii sui Sanctii-Garsiæ Comitis, et Guillermi-Sanctii Comitis et Gimbaldi Episcopi, et Guillelmi Comitis, et Garsiæ Comitis, et Bernardi-Guillelmi Comitis, et Urachæ Comitissæ"[175].  It is assumed that "…et Guillelmi Comitis, et Garsiæ Comitis…" were these two brothers.  Jaurgain states that he was the same person as "…Garsia Donato" ("Guillelmo Sancio, Arsenario Sancio, Rotberto, Bergunio Forte, Garsia Donato") who signed a charter of Réole dated May 980 but there appears to be nothing in the document which suggests that this might be the case[176].]    

7.         [--- .  The wording of the charter of the 29 Jul 1011 charter of Bishop Hugues de Gascogne suggests that the individuals who consented to his donation were his close relations and heirs.  Vicomte Arnaud is named first in the list, after Duke Sancho Guillaume, and therefore should probably be considered the senior heir.  The document provides no indication about his parentage.  Jaurgain states that he was descended from "Donat Sanche troisième fils de Sanche IV Garcia, duc et comte de Gascogne, né de sa seconde femme" but he provides no primary source which confirms the existence of this individual[177].  Under his reconstruction, Vicomte Arnaud was the grandson of this person.  However, the birth date range estimated for Arnaud (see below) is more consistent with his being the first cousin of Hugues.  Jaurgain suggests that the father of Vicomte Arnaud was Vicomte Oton Donat: Guillaume Sancho Duke of Gascony donated the church of Saint-Gény at Lectoure to Saint-Sever, with the consent of "Otdati vicecomitis atque Arnaldi abbatis præfati loci", by charter dated 993, the donation being recalled in another charter dated 1009[178].  If this is correct, it is likely that he would have been married to one of the daughters of Comte Sancho Garcia.  Jaurgain suggests that Oton Daton was the brother of the two brothers Guillaume and Garcia, shown above as nephews of Comte Guillaume Sancho.  However, given the birth date range estimated for Arnaud, this is unlikely to be correct.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         ARNAUD ([950/70]-after 29 Jul 1011).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", donated property to the convent of Condom with the consent of "…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias…"[179].  The wording of this charter suggests that the individuals who consented to this donation were the close relations and heirs of the donor.  Vicomte Arnaud is named first in the list, after Duke Sancho Guillaume, and therefore should probably be considered the senior heir.  The document provides no indication about Arnaud´s parentage.  Jaurgain states that he was descended from "Donat Sanche troisième fils de Sanche IV Garcia, duc et comte de Gascogne, né de sa seconde femme", but he provides no primary source which confirms the existence of this individual[180].  Under his reconstruction, Vicomte Arnaud was the grandson of this person.  However, the birth date range estimated for Arnaud, consistent with his son and his son´s wife also being named in the 1011 charter, is more consistent with his being the first cousin of the donor.  [The dating clause of a charter dated Nov 982, under which property was donated to Réole, refers to "regnante Guillelmo Sancio comite, captinentia Arnaldo vicecomiti"[181].  It is not known whether this charter refers to Vicomte Arnaud who was ancestor of the vicomtes de Lomagne, but if it does he would have obviously been born in the earlier part of the date range estimated above.] 

-        VICOMTES de LOMAGNE

8.         ACIBELLA .  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Sanzoz, ac Sanzo Sanzoz et Gilelmo Sanzoz, ac domnus Gundebaldus episcopus, ad domna Acibella…ac domna Lucia" as the children of "Sanzio Garsies" and his unnamed wife, stating that Acibella married "Lupi Garsies"[182]m LOUP Garcia, son of ---. 

9.         LUCIA .  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Sanzoz, ac Sanzo Sanzoz et Gilelmo Sanzoz, ac domnus Gundebaldus episcopus, ad domna Acibella…ac domna Lucia" as the children of "Sanzio Garsies" and his unnamed wife[183]

 

 

The following five individuals are all named in the charter dated 29 Jul 1011, under which Bishop Hugues de Gascogne donated property to Condom, as consenting to his donation.  This suggests that they were all his close relations and heirs, although if this is correct it is not known how they may have been related to the bishop.  It is possible that they were descendants of the daughters of Sancho Garcia Comte de Gascogne or that they were related to Hugues through the maternal line. 

 

1.         BERNARD (-after 29 Jul 1011).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias, Bernardo Vicecomite, et Arnaldo Lupo Vicecomite, Amnardo, Gauzelmo, Arhuino, Gauselmo alio Vicecomite", donated property to the convent of Condom[184]Vicomte

 

2.         ARNAUD Loup (-after 29 Jul 1011).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "…Bernardo Vicecomite, et Arnaldo Lupo Vicecomite, …Gauselmo alio Vicecomite", donated property to the convent of Condom[185]Vicomte de Dax.  According to Jaurgain, Arnaud Loup Vicomte de Dax was the second son of Aner Loup Vicomte d´Oloron.  He cites no primary source and presumably bases his hypothesis solely on the patronymic.  However, it is likely that all the persons who consented to the 29 Jul 1011 donation were the close relatives and heirs of the donor.  If this is correct, the absence of Aner Loup Vicomte d´Oloron, and other members of his family, would be surprising if he was the older brother of Vicomte Arnaud Loup and would have had greater seniority in the claim to the estate. 

-        VICOMTES de DAX

 

3.         AMNARD (-after 29 Jul 1011).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias, Bernardo Vicecomite, et Arnaldo Lupo Vicecomite, Amnardo, Gauzelmo, Arhuino, Gauselmo alio Vicecomite", donated property to the convent of Condom[186]

 

4.         GAUCELM (-after 29 Jul 1011).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias, Bernardo Vicecomite, et Arnaldo Lupo Vicecomite, Amnardo, Gauzelmo, Arhuino, Gauselmo alio Vicecomite", donated property to the convent of Condom[187]

 

5.         ARHUIN (-after 29 Jul 1011).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias, Bernardo Vicecomite, et Arnaldo Lupo Vicecomite, Amnardo, Gauzelmo, Arhuino, Gauselmo alio Vicecomite", donated property to the convent of Condom[188]

 

 

GUILLAUME Sancho, son of [SANCHO Garcia] & his wife --- (-23 Dec [996]).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Sanzoz, ac Sanzo Sanzoz et Gilelmo Sanzoz, ac domnus Gundebaldus episcopus, ad domna Acibella…ac domna Lucia" as the children of "Sanzio Garsies" and his unnamed wife[189].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis names "Sancium…et Guillermum atque Gimbaldum" as the three children of "Sancius-Garsiæ", specifying that "Guillelmus-Sanctii" succeeded his brother[190].  The cartulary of Auch records that "Sancius Garsias" had "duos filios manzeres Sancium Sancium et Guillelmum Sancium"[191].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium-Sancium et Guillelmum-Sancium" as "duos filios manzeres" of "Sancius-Garsias"[192]Comte de Gascogne [970].  "Dominus Willelmus Sancii comes Gasconiorum" donated property "villam de Luco Deo" to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq by undated charter which refers to "quomodo venisset de Hispania avus domni Willelmi"[193].  "Gumboldus episcopus et frater meus Willelmus Sancio dux Vasconum" re-established the monastery of La Réole by charter dated 977, subscribed by "Guillelmi Garsiæ nepotis ipsorum, Rotgarii vicecomitis, Utzan Amaneii, Seguini vicecomitis, Arcolidat vicecomitis, Arnoldi Amaneii"[194].  "Gumboldus episcopus…regionis dux" confirmed an exchange of property between the monks of La Réole and his vassal "Arsia" with the advice of "fratrum…Willelmus Sancio dux" by charter dated 978, subscribed by "Aner Sano vicecomes, Willelmus Arsiæ, Sans Aner, Rotgarius vicecomes, Utzan Amanieu, Arnald Amanieu"[195].  "…Willelmi fratris sui, Odulrici fratris sui" subscribed the charter dated to [989/1010] under which "Gunbaldus sancta Burdegalensis ecclesie archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Cyprien at Poitiers[196].  "Willelmus Sancius comes" restored the monastery of Saint-Sever, with the consent of "meæ conjugis Urracæ, ex regali stirpe procedentis…filiis meis Bernardo atque Sancio", by charter dated 993, signed by "…Orioli Sancii de Fageto, Donati Garciæ de Donagelo, Aquelini Atilii de Calonar, Garciæ Mancii de Bergiu…Centuli Gastoni, Gastoni Centuli de Bearno, Azinelli Elzii de Samadello, Asnarii Elsi, Bergomi Sancii, Garciæ Lupi de Sylvestro"[197]

m (after 14 Dec 972) as her second husband, URRACA, daughter of --- (-[12 Jul], before 3 Apr [1009]).  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 993 under which "Willelmus Sancius comes" restored the monastery of Saint-Sever, with the consent of "meæ conjugis Urracæ, ex regali stirpe procedentis…filiis meis Bernardo atque Sancio"[198].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[199], she was Urraca de Navarra, widow of Fernán González Conde de Castilla, daughter of García III Sánchez King of Navarre & his second wife Teresa de León.  There does not appear to be any surviving primary source which confirms that this is correct, although several factors suggest that it may be true.  The fact that King García III had a sister named Urraca is confirmed by the charter dated 971 under which "Santio rex simulque frater meus Ranimirus et dompna Urraca regina" confirmed a donation to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, which was confirmed by "…Dompna Urraca, eiusdem regis germana, Garsea ipsius regis filius…"[200].  In addition, "…Sancio filius Gogelmi comitis…" (apparently Urraca's son, see below) was among those who signed a charter dated 992 under which Sancho King of Navarre (who would have been Urraca´s brother if this hypothesis is correct) donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[201].  Lastly, there appears to be no other probable "regali stirpe" (as quoted in the 993 charter quoted above) than the royal family of Navarre from which Urraca could have descended.  "Willelmus Sancius comes et dominus totius Vasconie, cum Urraca sua muliere" donated the church of Sainte-Susanne to the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde by undated charter[202].  "Willelmus Sancius comes et dominus totius Vasconie, cum Urraca sua muliere" donated the church of Sainte-Susanne to the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde by undated charter[203].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis" donated property to the convent of Condom, for the souls of "meorumque parentum, item Garsiæ-Sanctii Comitis et filii sui Sanctii-Garsiæ Comitis, et Guillermi-Sanctii Comitis et Gimbaldi Episcopi, et Guillelmi Comitis, et Garsiæ Comitis, et Bernardi-Guillelmi Comitis, et Urachæ Comitissæ"[204].  She died before 3 Apr [1009], the date of the charter under which her son "Bernardus Willelmus comes…cum germano meo Sancio" confirmed, "annuente beatæ memoriæ matre mea Urraca", the foundation of Saint-Sever by "genitor meus Willelmus Sancio comes", this wording suggesting that Urraca died only shortly before the confirmation especially as the document is purportedly signed by "Urracæ comitissæ"[205].  The necrology of Saint-Sever records the death "IV Id Jul…1041" of "Urraca comitissa"[206].  However, either the year is incorrect or this entry refers to another "Urraca comitissa".  Even without the evidence of the 3 Apr [1009] charter, Urraca would have been well over 90 years in 1041 if this entry refers to the wife of Guillaume Sancho. 

Comte Guillaume & his wife had four children: 

1.         BERNARD Guillaume (-25 Dec [1009]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 993 under which "Willelmus Sancius comes" restored the monastery of Saint-Sever, with the consent of "meæ conjugis Urracæ, ex regali stirpe procedentis…filiis meis Bernardo atque Sancio"[207].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis" donated property to the convent of Condom, for the souls of "meorumque parentum, item Garsiæ-Sanctii Comitis et filii sui Sanctii-Garsiæ Comitis, et Guillermi-Sanctii Comitis et Gimbaldi Episcopi, et Guillelmi Comitis, et Garsiæ Comitis, et Bernardi-Guillelmi Comitis, et Urachæ Comitissæ"[208]Comte de Gascogne.  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes names "Bernardus Wasconiæ dux" when recording his death "insidiis muliebribus, maleficis artibus corpore fatescente"[209].  "Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever by "genitor meus Willelmus Sancio comes", confirmed by "germano meo Sancio et beatæ memoriæ matre mea Urraca, cum duobus consanguineus nostris Aymone…et Aymonio", by charter dated 3 Apr [1009], signed by "Bernardi filii Willelmi…Urracæ comitissæ, Goscelini de Listrac, Achelini filii eius, Willelmi Auriloi de Fageto, Willelmi Aurioli de Monte-Severi et de Mugron, Azerilis de Salt, Anelup de Loron, Lobaner filii eius, Arnaldi Lupi de Aquis, Lomans de S. Hilario, Atilio Sancio de Tourcian, Lobaner vicecomes de Marcian, Willelmi Lupi eius filii"[210].  The necrology of Saint-Sever records the death "VIII Kal Jan…in die dominico" (which Jaurgain calculates as indicating 1009) of "comes Vasconiæ Bernardus filius Willelmi Sancii comitis"[211]

2.         GERSENDE (-after 996).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis notes that "Gimbaldum Comitem, patrem Ugonis Episcopi" donated property "ecclesiam S. Johannis, Cablisa" to the convent of Condom and also "nobilissima femina Gavarsens…eius videlicet neptis, soror Sanctii Guasconiæ Comitis" after returning from "quadam provincia Burgundia…ubi maritum habuerat"[212].  Three charters name the second wife of Henri Duke of Burgundy as "Gersende":  "Domnus Hugo comes atque mater sua Adeleidis" donated property "in pago Cabilonensi" to the abbey of Paray-le-Moniale by an undated charter signed by "Hugo comes, Adeleidis matris suæ, Mauritii filii eius, Enrici ducis, Garlindis uxoris eius"[213]; "Henrici ducis…[et] dominæ Garsindis comitissæ" and "Henricus dux, Gersindis ducatrix" are named in two charters of Saint-Symphorien d'Autun dated Jun 991 or 992 and 10 May 993 respectively[214].  Bouchard suggests that Garlindis/Garsindis are name variants of "Gerberga", the wife of Duke Henri named in earlier sources (and assumed to be his first wife)[215].  However, this appears unlikely to be correct as the suffix root elements of these names "-sendis" and "-berga" are not normally interchangeable and appear separately with different prefix roots in many different contemporary names[216].  It therefore appears likely that "Gersende" was a different person from "Gerberge".  Bouchard also highlights that the only allusion to the origin of Duke Henri's supposed second wife is a satirical poem written about Landry Comte de Nevers which includes an obscure reference to a wife who felt distressed and "sought Gascony".  She also comments that the context of the poem implies that, in any case, it was Landry's wife to whom this refers[217].  However, it does not appear that she was aware of the passage in the Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis, quoted above, which seems to confirm Gersende´s parentage conclusively.  m (before Jun 992, repudiated 996 before 24 Oct) as his second wife, HENRI Duke of Burgundy, son of HUGUES "le Grand" Duc des Francs & his third wife Hedwig of Germany ([948]-Château de Pouilly-sur-Saône 15 Oct 1002). 

3.         SANCHO Guillaume (-4 Oct 1032, bur Saint-Julien de Lescar).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 993 under which "Willelmus Sancius comes" restored the monastery of Saint-Sever, with the consent of "meæ conjugis Urracæ, ex regali stirpe procedentis…filiis meis Bernardo atque Sancio"[218].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes names "Santius" as brother of Bernard, when recording his succession as "dux Wasconum"[219].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "nobilem Ducem Guasconis Sancius et fratres et sorores eius" as children of "Guillelmus-Sancius"[220].  The only difficulty with this paternity is the charter dated to [1010/32] under which "Sancius comes, nepos…Urrache" donated the church of Saint-Pantaléon to the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde[221].  If the text of this charter is correct, Sancho was not the son of Urraca.  It is uncertain how "nepos" should be translated in the context of the document.  If "grandson" is correct, no information has so far been found to identify Sancho's father.  However, "…Sancio filius Gogelmi comitis…" was among those who signed a charter dated 992 under which Sancho King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[222], King Sancho being the brother of Urraca de Navarra.  A further complication is provided by the Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis which names Gersende as sister of Sancho[223].  If it is correct that Gersende was the wife of Henri Duke of Burgundy as shown above, and that they married before Jun 992, it is not possible for her to have been the granddaughter of Comte Guillaume Sanchez.  The solution to this problem is not obvious.  Although charter evidence is usually more reliable than manuscript genealogies (assuming that the charter in question is not spurious), in this case the Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ records no names later than Sancho, which suggests that it was written while he was still alive and therefore has some chance of being accurate.  Not enough is known about the chronology of this family to be able to assess estimated birth dates with any reasonable degree of confidence, otherwise an effective method of cross-checking the feasibility of proposed relationships.  Duke of Gascony.  An undated charter records the donation by "Santius…comes" to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin and the confirmation after his death by his successor "eius nepos…Odo", signed by "Centullus de Bearnt, Arnaldus Aquensis, Willelmus Lup, Aichelmus Guillelmi, Andro Auriohl"[224].  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…", donated property to the convent of Condom[225].  "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès, in the presence of "Garcias Arnaldi comes Vigorrensis…Centullus Gastonis vicecomes Bearnensis…Bernardus comes Armaniacensis, Aymericus comes Fedenciacensis, Bernardus comes Pardiniacensis…Forto vicecomes Levitanensis et filii eius Garcias et Guilhermus, Guilhermus Dati vicecomes Sylvanensis, et Guilhermus Odonis vicecomes de Montanerii, Raimundus Guilhermi de Benaco, et Arnaldus Raymundi de Baso, Guilhermus Garcias Curta spata, Arnaldus cognomine Ursus, Guilhermus Lupi vicecomes Marcianensis, et Arnaldus vicecomes Aquensis, Arnaldus de Aura…", by charter dated to [1022][226].  "Comes Sancio" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Saint-Sever by "pater meus Willelmus Sancio" by charter dated Nov 1028, signed by "Centuli Gastoni, Willelmi Lupi, Arnaldi, Rotberti, Azoris Acelini, Arnaldi Willelmi, Bernardi Raymundi, Ricardi, Raymundi, Arnaldo Lupi, Sancio Atil, Arnaldi"[227].  The necrology of Saint-Sever records the death "IV Non Oct…1032" of "Sancius comes Vasconiæ"[228]m ---.  The name of Sancho's wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one possible child]:  

a)         [ALAISIA .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[229], Hilduin Comte d'Angoulême married Alaisia, daughter of Sancho Guillén Duke of Gascony, although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified and it contradicts the sources cited above.  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records the marriage of "Ilduinem comitem" and "comitissæ Alaiziæ", specifying that she brought "castro Fronciaco" to her husband[230].  However, the chronicle of Guitres names "Grimoardus…vicecomes [et] uxorem de Montiniac…Dea" as parents of "Alaaz, Engolismensem comitissam et Ameliam, Petragoricorum comitissam"[231].  Another table in Europäische Stammtafeln[232], records their possible son as Berenger, "Duke of Gascony 1032, died [1036/37]".  He is named as such in L'art de verifier les dates[233], but if this is correct it is unclear why Berenger (who would presumably have been his parents' oldest son if he succeeded in Gascony) did not subscribe the charter dated to [1020/28] which was subscribed by his presumed brothers Guillaume and Arnaud[234].  It appears that this person never existed.  Jaurgain suggests that his invention resulted from misinterpretation of a charter dated to [1060] under which "Auriol Garsies de Navarra" granted property in Gascony which he held "ex comite Berlengerio" to Garcia Arnaud Vicomte de Dax, suggesting that "comes Berlenger" can be identified as Berenguer Ramon I Comte de Barcelona who happened to own some property in Gascony[235]m ([1020]) HILDUIN d'Angoulême, son of GUILLAUME IV Comte d'Angoulême & his wife Gerberge d'Anjou (-1032 before 1 May).  He succeeded his father in 1028 as Comte d'Angoulême.] 

4.         SANCHA [Brisca/Prisca] (-before 1018).  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes names "Briscam" as sister of "dux Santii", when recording her marriage to "Willelmi ducis" after the death of the latter's first wife[236].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maixent names "sororem Sancii Ducis Gasconiæ, nomine Briscam" as second wife of Duke Guillaume, in a later paragraph recording the death of "Sancia conjuge Guillermi ducis"[237].  "Willelmi ducis Aquitanorum, Willelmi filii eius, Odoni filii eius, Prisca comitisse" subscribed the charter dated to [1012/18] under which "Ugo Liziniacensis domnus" donated property to St Cyprien, Poitiers[238].  An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou, by charter dated [13 Apr/4 Apr] 1012, is subscribed by "Richardus…filius Ricardi principi magni…Vuillelmus Pictavorum comes et uxor Prisca…"[239].]  m (early 1011) as his second wife, GUILLAUME III "le Grand" Comte de Poitou, GUILLAUME V Duke of Aquitaine, son of GUILLAUME IV "Fier-à-Bras" Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME II Comte de Poitou] & his wife Emma de Blois ([969]-Abbaye de Maillezais 31 Jan 1030).  Sancha & her husband had two children: 

a)         EUDES de Poitou (killed in battle Mauzé 10 Mar 1039, bur Maillezais, Abbaye de Saint-Pierre).  Ademar names "Odonem" son of "Willelmi ducis" & his wife "Briscam"[240].  He succeeded his maternal uncle as Duke of Gascony in 1032.  It appears to be incorrect, as asserted by Richard, that Eudes only succeeded as Duke of Gascony in 1036 after the death of "Bérenger d'Angoulême"[241].  It is probable that the latter person never existed but was invented to explain the charter dated to [1060] under which "Auriol Garsies de Navarra" granted property in Gascony which he held "ex comite Berlengerio" to Garcia Arnaud Vicomte de Dax, Jaurgain suggesting that "comes Berlenger" can in fact be identified as Berenguer Ramon I Comte de Barcelona who happened to own some property in Gascony[242].  An undated charter records the donation by "Santius…comes" to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin and the confirmation after his death by his successor "eius nepos…Odo", signed by "Centullus de Bearnt, Arnaldus Aquensis, Willelmus Lup, Aichelmus Guillelmi, Andro Auriohl"[243].  He succeeded his half-brother in 1038 as EUDES Duke of Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou.  He was killed while asserting his rights to Poitou against his stepmother and half-brother[244].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that "Odo comes" was killed and buried "in Malliaco" with his father and brother[245]

b)         THIBAUT (-young).  The Chronicle of Saint-Maixent names "Odonem et Tetbaudum" as the two sons of Duke Guillaume and "sororem Sancii Ducis Gasconiæ, Briscam", specifying that Thibaut "puer mortuus est"[246].  "Willelmus Pictavorum comes et dux Aquitaniæ" donated property to Saint-Maixent for the souls of "filii mei Willelmi atque Odoni atque Tetbaudi" by charter dated [1013/22][247].  He is named in a charter of the Abbey of Saint-Maixent, dated to after his mother's death and before his father's remarriage[248]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    SIRES d'ALBRET

 

 

The family of the sires d´Albret originated in Labrit, a town in Landes south of Bordeaux[249].  The two names appear to have the same etymology, "Albret" presumably representing an evolution in French of the Gascon "Labrit".  The remains of what is thought to have been the Albret castle, probably originally built in [1100] and abandoned in the 16th century, were rediscovered at Labrit by Jean-Bernard Marquette and classified as "monument historique" by order dated 27 Dec 1990[250].  According to Jaurgain, the sires d´Albret were descended from the vicomtes de Bezaume, but his reconstruction appears based only on onomastics rather than any specific primary source[251].  In addition, the reconstruction of the first few generations of this family, as shown in most secondary sources including Jaurgain, is not an accurate reflection of the precise wording of the surviving primary source documentation.  There is a high probability that the individuals named are closely related in the male line, as shown by the onomastics, but the generally accepted reconstruction has in part been deconstructed for the purposes of presentation in the present document.  It is only from Amanieu [VI] Sire d´Albret (who died before Sep 1240) that an unbroken line of descent can be traced in the male line until the early 16th century.  Despite the lack of a noble title higher than "sire", the family made judicious marriages into the families of the comtes d´Armagnac, the comtes de la Marche, the ducs de Bourbon in the 13th and14th centuries.  In the mid-15th century, Charles [II] Sire d´Albret was invested as comte de Dreux by the king of France, and his descendant Alain (who died in 1522) was made Comte de Castres, de Gavre et de Périgord.  Alain´s grandson Jean completed the family´s ascent when he married the heiress of the kingdom of Navarre and succeeded as king of Navarre by right of his wife.  

 

 

1.         AMANIEU [I], son of --- (-after [1030]).  "Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever, confirmed by "germano meo Sancio et beatæ memoriæ matre mea Urraca, cum duobus consanguineus nostris Aymone…et Aymonio", by charter dated 3 Apr [1009][252].  According to Jaurgain, "Aymone…et Aymonio" were brothers[253].  Amanieu signed a charter dated to [1030] under which Sancho Guillaume Duke of Gascony donated property to the church of Saint-André de Bordeaux[254].  Jaurgain identifies Amanieu as ancestor of the sires d´Albret[255]

 

2.         AMANIEU [II] (-after [1050]).  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis records that "Amaneus Lebrestensis" claimed "ecclesiam sancti Petri Sanagorensis" during the time of Seguin abbot of Condom (dated to [1050])[256].  The dates of the mentions of Amanieu [I] and Amanieu [II] suggest that they must have been different persons.  Sire d'Albretm ---.  The name of Amanieu's wife is not known.  Amanieu [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [BERNARD AIZ [I] d'Albret (-after [1097]).  Although Bernard and Guillaume Amanieu are shown to be brothers, by the subscription "Willelmus Amanei, Bernardi fratris eius" of charters of Grande-Sauve dated to [1079/89][257], no primary source has been found which confirms that they were the sons of Amanieu [II] except for the patronymic attributed to Guillaume Amanieu.  Sire d'Albret.  "Bernardus Aiz de Lebret cum uxor mea et filiis" donated property to Grande-Sauve by charter dated to [1085][258].]  m ---.  The name of Bernard Aiz's wife is not known.  Bernard Aiz [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          AMANIEU [III] d'Albret (-after [1140]).  "Amaneus de Lebret filius Bernardeizii" subscribed a charter to Saint-Sever dated to [1125][259]Sire d'Albret

b)         [GUILLAUME AMANIEU d'Albret (-after [1097]).  Although Bernard and Guillaume Amanieu are shown to be brothers, by the subscription "Willelmus Amanei, Bernardi fratris eius" of charters of Grande-Sauve dated to [1079/89][260], no primary source has been found which confirms that they were the sons of Amanieu [II] except for the patronymic attributed to Guillaume Amanieu.  Vicomte de Bezaume.  Comte de Benauges.] 

-        VICOMTES de BEZAUME

 

 

3.         GUILLAUME AMANIEU (-after [1105]).  According to Jaurgain, Guillaume Amanieu was the son of Bernard Aiz [I] but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[261].   Seigneur de Brocas.  "Willelmus Amaneus et uxor sua Beliard cum filio suo Arnaldo" donated rights to Saint-Sever by charter dated to [1105][262]m BELIARDE, daughter of ---.  "Willelmus Amaneus et uxor sua Beliard cum filio suo Arnaldo" donated rights to Saint-Sever by charter dated to [1105][263].  Guillaume Amanieu & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARNAUD (-after [1105]).  "Willelmus Amaneus et uxor sua Beliard cum filio suo Arnaldo" donated rights to Saint-Sever by charter dated to [1105][264]

 

4.         ETIENNE d´Albret (-after 1126).  According to Jaurgain, Etienne was the son of Amanieu [III] but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[265].   "Stephanus de Lebret archidiaconus Vasalensis qui episcopus fuerat" signed the charter dated 1124 which records the foundation of the monastery of Font-Guilhem[266].   Archdeacon of Bazas. 

 

 

1.         BERNARD AIZ [II] d'Albret (-before 1155).  According to Jaurgain, Bernard Aiz [II] was the son of Amanieu [III] but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[267].   Sire d'Albret.  According to Jaurgain, Bernard Aiz [II] is named in a charter dated 1140[268]

 

2.         --- .  Jaurgain states that Amanieu [IV] was the son of Bernard Aiz [II] but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[269].  The chronology is such that he could also have been Amanieu [III] d´Albret (see above).  m --- de Béarn, daughter of GASTON [IV] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Talesia Sánchez ([1090/1110]-).  The charter dated 1164, under which "Amaneus de Lebreto nepos Gastonis vicecomitis de Bearn" donated "terras suas de Artigavella" to the abbot of Fort-Guilhem[270], appears to confirm that Gaston [IV] was the maternal grandfather of Amanieu [IV] d´Albret although this may not be the only interpretation of "nepos" in this document.   The name of her husband is not known with certainty.  Jaurgain states that he was Bernard Aiz [II] but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[271].  The chronology is such that her husband could also have been Amanieu [III] d´Albret (see above).  Three children:

a)         AMANIEU [IV] d'Albret (-[1187/91]).  Jaurgain states that Amanieu [IV] was the son of Bernard Aiz [II] but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[272]Sire d'Albret

-        see below

b)         ROGER d'Albret .  Roger d´Albret and his brother Amanieu are named in a charter of Odon [IV] Vicomte de Lomagne dated 1060[273].  

c)         REGINE d'Albret (-after 1195).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 29 Sep 1195 which records that Amanieu [IV] d´Albret had paid the dowry of "Rogie d´Albret sa sœur, femme d´Arnaud de Lomagne et mère d´Odon seigneur de Batz"[274].   m ARNAUD de Lomagne Seigneur de Batx, son of VEZIAN [I] Vicomte de Lomagne & his wife Beatrix --- (-after 1195). 

 

 

AMANIEU [IV] d'Albret, son of --- d´Albret & his wife --- de Béarn (-[1187/91]).  Jaurgain states that Amanieu [IV] was the son of Bernard Aiz [II] but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[275]Sire d'Albret.  "Amaneus de Lebret" donated "la terre où fur construit le prieuré de Niac" to Grande-Selve by charter dated 1155[276].  "Amaneus de Lebreto nepos Gastonis vicecomitis de Bearn" donated "terras suas de Artigavella" to the abbot of Fort-Guilhem by charter dated 1164[277].   ["Amaneus de Labret" confirmed rights to Grande-Selve by charter dated 1187[278], although it is uncertain whether this document relates to Amanieu [IV] or Amanieu [V].] 

[According to L´Art de vérifier les dates, Amanieu [IV]´s testament was dated 2 Aug 1209[279].  This is impossible if his wife´s second marriage is correctly dated to [1186/91] as shown above.  The information available in surviving primary sources appears to be insufficient to decide conclusively whether how many different sires d´Albret named Amanieu lived during the second half of the 12th century.  Jaurgain attempts to resolve the anomaly by stating that the testament was that of "Amanieu V Sire d´Albret" who, he says, was the son of Amanieu [IV].  Unfortunately, Jaurgain also says that this "Amanieu V" was the husband of Almodis d´Angoulême, presumably unaware of her second marriage.  He cites no primary sources on which he bases his arguments.  Estimating birth date ranges helps only approximately in resolving the problem.  The only reference from which Amanieu [IV]´s birth date can be assessed is the very approximate date assigned to his mother (see above).  The birth date of his supposed wife Almodis d´Angoulême can be assessed more precisely (see below), and if Amanieu [IV] was born towards the end of the range shown above he would not have been much older than her.  Obviously, the earlier his actual birth date, the greater the age difference, and the more likely that Almodis´s husband was Amanieu [IV]´s son.  Whatever the solution to this conundrum, we are still left with the testament dated 2 Aug 1209 which could not have been that of Almodis´s husband, assuming that her second marriage is correct.] 

m as her first husband, ALMODIS d'Angoulême, daughter of GUILLAUME VI Comte d'Angoulême & his second wife Marguerite de Turenne ([1151/52]-).  Her birth date is estimated on the assumption that the birth of her probable son by her first marriage is correctly dated to [1165/70].  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1171 under which "Vuillelmus Talafers comes Engolismensis Vulgrini filius et Margarita uxor mea et filii nostri Vulgrinus scilicet primogenitus noster, Vuillelmus Talafers, Ademarus, Grisetus, Fulco et Almodis filia nostra uxor Amanei de Lebret" transferred rights to Saint-Amant-de-Boixe[280].  She married secondly Bernard [III] Vicomte de Brosse.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1186/91] under which "Ademarus comes Engolismensis et soror mea Almodis vicecomitissa de Brozces" donated property to Saint-Amant-de-Boixe[281], and by the charter also dated to [1186/91] under which "Almodis soror Ademari Engolismensis comitis" donated property to Saint-Amant-de-Boixe with the consent of "fratre meo A comite et viro meo Bernardo vicecomite de Brozces"[282]

Amanieu & his wife had [one] child: 

1.         [AMANIEU [V] d'Albret ([1165/70]-after 2 Aug 1209).  ["Amaneus de Labret" confirmed rights to Grande-Selve by charter dated 1187[283], although it is uncertain whether this document relates to Amanieu [IV] or Amanieu [V].]  According to L´Art de vérifier les dates, the testament of "Amanieu d´Albret" was dated 2 Aug 1209[284].  As noted above, it is not clear to which Sire d´Albret this document can refer.  Amanieu [IV], assuming that he was the husband of Almodis d´Angoulême as shown above, must have died before her second marriage which is dated to [1186/91].  Amanieu [VI], shown below, is recorded as living in the 1230s.  It is chronologically possible for there to have been an intervening generation.  If this is correct, the charter dated 1187, under which "Amaneus de Labret" confirmed rights to Grande-Selve[285], may refer to Amanieu [V] as, if Amanieu [IV] had recently died, it may have been considered appropriate for his successor to confirm previous arrangements with the abbey.  Amanieu [V] would also have been "aïeul" of "Amanevus de Lebreto filius quondam domine Assalite filie vicecomitis de Tartascio" recorded in the charter dated 17 Oct 1240 as having granted rights to the abbot of Grandselve in 1200[286].   Sire d´Albretm ---.  The name of Amanieu´s wife is not known.  Amanieu [V] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [AMANIEU [VI] d'Albret ([1190/95]-before Sep 1240).  Most secondary sources record the person presented in this document as Amanieu [VI] as the son of Amanieu [IV] and his wife Adalmodis d´Angoulême.  However, as noted above, this fails to take into account the Amanieu whose testament is dated 2 Aug 1209.  Assigning possible birth date ranges to Amanieu [IV],  [V] and [VI] as shown in this document demonstrates that the hypothesis is feasible from a chronological point of view.  Sire d'Albret.  The Histoire de la Croisade des Albigeois (in Provençal verse) records that "N Amaneus de Lebret" was present at the capture of the château de Termes in 1210 and at the siege of Marmande in 1219[287].  "Amanevus de Lebreto" signed a document dated 16 Aug 1231 guaranteeing safe passage to the king of England for his visit for the dedication of the church of the abbey of Grande-Sauve[288].   m firstly ([1215]) ASSALIDE de Tartas, daughter of ARNAUD RAYMOND Vicomte de Tartas & his wife Navara de Dax.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 17 Oct 1240 under which "Amanevus de Lebreto filius quondam domine Assalite filie vicecomitis de Tartascio" confirmed rights to the abbot of Grandselve[289].   m secondly ISABELLE de Bergerac, sister of Hélie Rudel Seigneur de Bergerac et de Gensac, daughter of ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by an undated document which records that "Hélie Rudel Seigneur de Bergerac, oncle de Bérard" complained to Simon de Montfort Earl of Leicester about the unjust settlement imposed by Amanieu [VII] Sire d´Albret on his brother Bérard[290].   Amanieu [V] & his first wife had one child: 

i)          AMANIEU [VII] d'Albret (-after 25 Jun 1270).  Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse invested "Amanevum de Lebreto" with all the fiefs in the diocese of Agen which his father held when he died[291].   Sire d'Albret.  Vicomte de Maremne. 

-         see below

Amanieu [V] & his second wife had one child:  

ii)         BERARD d'Albret (-before 26 Jun 1270).  His parentage is confirmed by an undated document which records that "Hélie Rudel Seigneur de Bergerac, oncle de Bérard" complained to Simon de Montfort Earl of Leicester about the unjust settlement imposed by Amanieu [VII] Sire d´Albret on his brother Bérard[292].  

b)         [PUCELLE d'Albret (-after 1243).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m ROGER d'Armagnac Vicomte de Fezensaguet, son of BERNARD d'Armagnac [Lomagne] & his wife --- (-[1243/22 Mar 1245]). 

 

 

AMANIEU [VII] d'Albret, son of AMANIEU [VI] Sire d´Albret & his first wife Assalide de Tartas (-after 25 Jun 1270).  Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse invested "Amanevum de Lebreto" with all the fiefs in the diocese of Agen which his father held when he died[293].   Sire d'Albret.  "Amanevus de Lebreto filius quondam domine Assalite filie vicecomitis de Tartascio" confirmed rights to the abbot of Grandselve which had been granted by Amanieu d´Albret "son aïeul" in 1200, by charter dated 17 Oct 1240[294].   Vicomte de Maremne.  The first testament of "el noble bar n´Amaniu de Labrit, filh de n´Amaniu de Labrid et de n´Assaride de Tartas" is dated 25 Jul 1262, appoints "Pey de Bordel et na Mathe, sa fille et ma moilher" as his executors and "Gaston de Bearn…en G. d´Armanhac" as substitutes in case of their death, names "Bernadeids mon filh" as his heir, and "Assaride ma filhe…de la avantdite na Matha ma moilher"[295]

m firstly (divorced) VIANE de Gontaud, daughter of ---.  1272. 

m secondly ([1255]) MATHE de Bordeaux, daughter of PIERRE de Bordeaux Captal de Buch & his wife --- (-after May 1281).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by first testament of her husband "el noble bar n´Amaniu de Labrit, filh de n´Amaniu de Labrid et de n´Assaride de Tartas", dated 25 Jul 1262, which appoints "Pey de Bordel et na Mathe, sa fille et ma moilher" as his executors[296]

Amanieu [VI] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         AMANIEU d'Albret (-before 25 Jul 1262). 

Amanieu [VI] & his second wife had seven children: 

2.         BERNARD AIZ [IV] d'Albret (-24 Dec 1280).  The testament of "el noble bar n´Amaniu de Labrit, filh de n´Amaniu de Labrid et de n´Assaride de Tartas" is dated 25 Jul 1262, appoints "Bernadeids mon filh" as his heir, and names "Assaride ma filhe…de la avantdite na Matha ma moilher"[297]Sire d'Albret.  His testament is dated 23 Dec 1280[298]m as her first husband, JEANNE de Lusignan, daughter of HUGUES [XIII] Comte de la Marche et d'Angoulême, Sire de Lusignan & his wife Jeanne de Fougères (-before 18 Apr 1323, bur Abbaye de Valence).  She married secondly Pierre de Joinville [Genville], of Ludlow Shropshire and Walterstone co Hereford.  She and her sister Isabelle, as joint heiresses of the county of la Marche, agreed May 1309 to transfer the county to Philippe IV "le Bel" King of France, when it was united with the royal domains.  Bernard Aiz [IV] & his wife had two children: 

a)         MATHE d'Albret (-before 1283, bur Auch Cathedral).  Dame d'Albret

b)         ISABELLE d'Albret (-1 Dec 1294, bur Auch Cathedral)Dame d'Albret.  The testament of “Isabellis domina de Lebreto comitissa Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 1 Oct 1294, names “dominam Johannam de la Marcha matrem meam” as her heir “in castro meo de Alhais diocesis Vasatensis”, chooses her burial “in ecclesia cathedrali B. Mariæ Auxis in sepultura sororis meæ quondam”, appoints “Rotgerium de Armaniaco sororium meum” as her heir “in castris de Casa-nova, de Lebreto” and names “domino Bernardo comiti Armaniaci et Fesenciaci marito meo...Gastoni vicecomiti Fesensaquelli...sororiis meis[299]m as his first wife, BERNARD [VI] Comte d'Armagnac, son of GERAUD [VI] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Mathe de Béarn (-1319). 

3.         ASSALIDE d'Albret (before 25 Jul 1262-after 5 Jan 1286).  The testament of "el noble bar n´Amaniu de Labrit, filh de n´Amaniu de Labrid et de n´Assaride de Tartas" is dated 25 Jul 1262, appoints "Bernadeids mon filh" as his heir, and names "Assaride ma filhe…de la avantdite na Matha ma moilher"[300].  The marriage contract of "dame Assalide d´Albret" and "le filz du comte d´Astarac" is dated 1 May 1278 which records the dowry given by "Berard Ezii son frère"[301].  [m firstly VEZIAN Vicomte de Lomagne .]  m [secondly] (1 Jan 1279) CENTULE [III] Comte d'Astarac, son of BERNARD [IV] Comte d´Astarac & his wife --- (-1300). 

4.         AMANIEU [VIII] d'Albret (after 25 Jul 1262-[8 Jun/11 Oct] 1326)Seigneur de Maremne.  Sire d'Albret 1294. 

-        see below

5.         ARNAUD AMANIEU d'Albret (after 25 Jul 1262-after 1270). 

6.         MATHE d'Albret ([1262/70]-).  m (before 1280) GUILLAUME SEGUIN Seigneur de Rions

7.         ANNE d'Albret (-after 1 Dec 1287).  The testament of "madame Nade d´Albret, dame de Lusenhan" is dated [11 Dec] 1281 and appoints "Amanieu d´Albret son frère" as her heir[302]m firstly ARNAUD de Lezinhacm secondly ARNAUD Arroumhan

8.         ISABELLE d´Albret

 

 

The relationship between the following person and the above family has not been ascertained. 

1.         AMANIEU d'Albret (-after 3 Jan 1270).  m --- de Rançon, daughter of GEOFFROY de Rançon & his wife ---.  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse agreed that "Amanevi de Lebreto et Gaucelini de Castellione...Hugo Archiepiscopus [domino Pertiniaci]" should receive one quarter of the inheritance of "Gaufridi de Rançonio, junioris, ultimo defuncti", the proportion due to their wives, by document dated 3 Jan 1270[303].  The document does not state the relationship between the deceased and the wives of the three named beneficiaries.  However, use of the word "junioris" suggests that there was a "Gaufridi de Rançonio, senioris", possibly the father of all four. 

 

 

AMANIEU [VIII] d'Albret, son of AMANIEU [VII] Sire d´Albret & his second wife Mathe de Bordeaux (after 25 Jul 1262-before 6 Jun 1326)Seigneur de Maremne.  Sire d'Albret 1294.  Sire de Tartas et de Dax.  Seigneur de Mixe et d'Ostabarret.  His testament is dated 11 Jul 1324[304]

m (contract 15 Jan 1288) as her second husband, ROSE de Bourg, widow of AYMON GUILLAUME Sire de Lesparre, daughter of GERARD de Bourg Seigneur de Vertheuil et de Vayres & his wife --- (-after 6 Jun 1326).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of "messire Gérard de Bourg", which is dated 1282 and appoints "Rousse sa fille" as her heir, the record of the document adding that "despuis, feust maryée au seigneur d´Albret"[305].  The testament of "dame Rouze de Bourg dame d´Albret" is dated 6 Jun 1326 and appoints "Bernardetz son premier fils seigneur d´Albret" as her heir, and bequeathes "la seigneurie de Cubsac" to "Eyquem Guilhaume seigneur de Lesparre, fils de son premier mary", "la seigneurie de Verteuil" to "messire Guitard d´Albret son fils d´autre marriage" and "les seigneuries de Vayres et de Marcaulx" to "messire Berard d´Albret aussy son fils"[306]

Amanieu [VII] & his wife had eleven children: 

1.         BERNARD AIZ [V] (-1358 or after).  "Messire Amanieu sire d´Albret" emancipated "son filz Bérard" 8 Jan 1318[307]Sire d´Albret.  The testament of "dame Rouze de Bourg dame d´Albret" is dated 6 Jun 1326 and appoints "Bernardetz son premier fils seigneur d´Albret" as her heir[308].  The testament of "messire Bernardetz sire d´Albret, filz d´Amanieu sire d´Albret et de dame Rouse de Bourg", dated 1358, appoints "messire Amanieu son premier filz" as his heir in the Albret estates, donates "Gensac et Castelmoron" to "Bérard son second filz", "les seigneuries de Gosse, Seignans, Auribat, Pontons, Born, Mimisan, Herbe Favière et Brassenx" to "Girault son troisième filz", and names "son quatriesme filz feust evesque d´Acqz"[309]m firstly (31 Jan 1311) ISABELLE de Gironde, daughter of ARNAUD de Gironde & his wife Talese de Caumont (-22 Sep 1318).  The testament of "Isabeau dame de Guironde, femme de Bernard Ezii" is dated 1318[310]m secondly (contract 21 May 1321) MATHE d´Armagnac, daughter of BERNARD [VI] Comte d´Armagnac & his second wife Cécile de Rodez ([mid-late 1302]-1364).  The marriage contract of "Mathe sœur du comte d´Armagnac" and "Bernard Ezii fils de Amanieu sire d´Albret" is dated 21 May 1321[311].  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "filii nostri Johannis primogeniti…Bernardum filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannam filiam nostrum…dominam Matham de Armaniaco sororem nostrum, uxorem domini de Lebreto…dominum Amaneum de Lebreto militem filium suum primogenitum…dominum Bernardum Ezii de Lebreto militem, filium dictæ sororis nostræ secundo genitum…Johannes de Lebreto filium dictæ sororis nostræ tertio genitum…"[312].  Bernard Aiz [V] & his second wife had six children: 

a)         ARNAUD AMANIEU [VIII] (-1401).  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "…dominam Matham de Armaniaco sororem nostrum, uxorem domini de Lebreto…dominum Amaneum de Lebreto militem filium suum primogenitum…dominum Bernardum Ezii de Lebreto militem, filium dictæ sororis nostræ secundo genitum…Johannes de Lebreto filium dictæ sororis nostræ tertio genitum…"[313]Sire d´Albret

-        see below

b)         BERNARD AIZ d´Albret (-[13 Feb 1347/1358]).  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "…dominam Matham de Armaniaco sororem nostrum, uxorem domini de Lebreto…dominum Amaneum de Lebreto militem filium suum primogenitum…dominum Bernardum Ezii de Lebreto militem, filium dictæ sororis nostræ secundo genitum…Johannes de Lebreto filium dictæ sororis nostræ tertio genitum…"[314]

c)         JEANNE d´Albret (-1359 or before)m (contract 8 Jul 1350) JEAN JOURDAIN [I] Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of BERTRAND [I] Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Isabelle de Levis (-1365). 

d)         JEAN d´Albret (-[18 Feb 1347/1358]).  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "…dominam Matham de Armaniaco sororem nostrum, uxorem domini de Lebreto…dominum Amaneum de Lebreto militem filium suum primogenitum…dominum Bernardum Ezii de Lebreto militem, filium dictæ sororis nostræ secundo genitum…Johannes de Lebreto filium dictæ sororis nostræ tertio genitum…"[315].  He is not named in his father´s 1358 testament so presumably died before that date. 

e)         BERARD d´Albret (-after 6 Sep 1392).  The testament of "messire Bernardetz sire d´Albret, filz d´Amanieu sire d´Albret et de dame Rouse de Bourg", dated 1358, donates "Gensac et Castelmoron" to "Bérard son second filz"[316]m (contract 1357) HELENE de Caumont, daughter of ALEXANDRE de Caumont & his wife Blanche de la Mothe.  The marriage contract of "Berard d´Albret, fils de Bernard Ezii" and "Helaine de Caumont, fille d´Alexandre de Caumont" is dated 1357, with the consent of "dame Margueritte, sœur dudict de Caumont", recording that "le lieu de Saincte Bazeilhe, de Landerron et de Puch" were her dowry[317].  Bérard & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          FRANÇOIS d´Albret (-[21 Mar 1440/31 May 1445]).  Seigneur de Sainte-Bazeille.  The testament of "messire Françoys d´Albret seigneur de Saincte Bazeilhe", dated 3 Jn 1427 (O.S.), names "Charles sire d´Albret" as his heir[318]m (contract 21 May 1405) JEANNE de Roucy, daughter of HUGUES Comte de Braine et de Roucy & his wife Blanche de Coucy Dame de Montmirail (-after 31 May 1445).  The marriage contract of "François d´Albret seigneur de Saincte Bazeilhe" and "damoyselle Jehanne de Roucy" is dated 21 May 1405[319].  A charter dated 1445 records the agreement between "messire Charles sire d´Albret" and "dame Jehanne de Roucy" concerning the succession of "Françoys d´Albret seigneur de Saincte Bazeilhe"[320]

ii)         [GERALDE d´Albret (-after 17 Aug 1397).  Letters dated 12 Aug 1372 acknowledge the dowry debt from "Mathe d´Armagnac, dame d´Albret et Bérard d´Albret son fils" relating to the marriage of "Bertrand de Lamotte" and "Géralde d´Albret"[321].  The testament of "Guirotte d´Albret, femme à Bertrand de Lamothe seigneur de Bruch", dated 17 Aug 1397, names "Jehan, Bertrand, Gailhardet, Pès, Marye, de la Mothe, ses enfans" as her heirs "Girault son troisième filz"[322]m BERTRAND de Lamotte, son of ---.] 

f)          GERARD d´Albret (-after 1358).  The testament of "messire Bernardetz sire d´Albret, filz d´Amanieu sire d´Albret et de dame Rouse de Bourg", dated 1358, donates "les seigneuries de Gosse, Seignans, Auribat, Pontons, Born, Mimisan, Herbe Favière et Brassenx" to "Girault son troisième filz"[323]

g)         son .  The testament of "messire Bernardetz sire d´Albret, filz d´Amanieu sire d´Albret et de dame Rouse de Bourg", dated 1358, names "son quatriesme filz feust evesque d´Acqz"[324]

h)         ROSE d´Albret (before Mar 1341-).  The marriage contract of "madame Rousse d´Albret" and "messire Jehan captalz de Buchz" is dated Nov 1350 and confirms payment of her dowry by "monsieur Bernard Ezii son père"[325].  The receipt for payment of the dowry of "Rouse d´Albret, femme de Jehan de Grelly captal de Buchz" is dated 12 Feb 1359[326]m (contract Nov 1350) JEAN [III] de Grailly Captal de Buch, son of JEAN [II] de Grailly Captal de Buch & his wife Blanche de Foix (-1369). 

2.         GUITARD (-1338).  "Bérard et Guitard frères" received various baronies from "Bernard Ezii leur frère aisné, sire d´Albret" 8 Apr 1321[327].  The testament of "dame Rouze de Bourg dame d´Albret" is dated 6 Jun 1326 and bequeathes "la seigneurie de Verteuil" to "messire Guitard d´Albret son fils d´autre marriage" and "les seigneuries de Vayres et de Marcaulx" to "messire Berard d´Albret aussy son fils"[328]m firstly (contract 21 May 1321) MASCAROSE de Fezenzaguet, daughter of GASTON d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fezensaguet & his first wife Valpurge de Rodez.  The marriage contract of "madame Masquerose fille du visconte de Fezensaguet et Brulles" and "Gitard fils de messire Amanieu sire d´Albret" is dated 21 May 1321[329]m secondly as her first husband, AGNES de Lomagne, daughter of GERAUD Trenqueléon de Lomagne, chevalier, baron de Moncrabeau et coseigneur de Calignac & his wife ---.  She married secondly Barthélemy de Pins Seigneur de Taillebourg

3.         BERARD (-1346).  "Bérard et Guitard frères" received various baronies from "Bernard Ezii leur frère aisné, sire d´Albret" 8 Apr 1321[330].  "Amanieu sire d´Albret" disinherited "Bérard son dernier fils" for having collaborated with the English, by codicil dated Sep 1324[331].  The testament of "dame Rouze de Bourg dame d´Albret" is dated 6 Jun 1326 and bequeathes "la seigneurie de Verteuil" to "messire Guitard d´Albret son fils d´autre marriage" and "les seigneuries de Vayres et de Marcaulx" to "messire Berard d´Albret aussy son fils"[332].  Seigneur de Vertheuil.  m (contract 1318, 2 Feb 1319) GUIRAUDE de Gironde, daughter of ARNAUD de Gironde & his wife Talese de Caumont.  The marriage contract of "dame Guiraude, dame de Gironde" and "messire Berard d´Albret" is dated 1318 and notes that "la seigneurie de Gironde" was her dowry[333].  The testament of "madame Guiraude, dame de Gironde et femme de messire Berard d´Albret", dated 7 Aug 1345, appoints "Arnault son quatrième fils" as her heir because her other children supported the English[334].  Bérard & his wife had eight children: 

a)         BERARD [II] (-after 24 Dec 1374).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  Seigneur de Rioms.  The testament "du dict Bérard d´Albret" is dated 24 Dec 1374[335]m (contract Jun 1336, 14 Aug 1345) BRUNISENDE de Grailly, daughter of PIERRE [II] de Grailly & his first wife Assalide de Bordeaux.  The marriage contract of "Bernard d´Albret" and "Brunissan de Grelly" is dated Jun 1336[336]

b)         AMANIEU d´Albret ).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  m (11 Aug 1345) AMABILLE, daughter of BERNARD d´Escoussins Seigneur de Langoiran & his wife Miramonde de Podensac.  The marriage contract of "Amabille fille du seigneur de Langoyran" and "Amanieu d´Albret fils de messire Bérard d´Albret" is dated 11 Aug 1345[337].  Amanieu & his wife had children: 

i)          MABILE d´Albret (-after 19 Jan 1379).  "Mabilla de Labrito olim comitissa comitatus…Pardiaci et nobilis Bernardus Athonis de Montelugduno", executors of "Arnaldus Guillelmi de Montelugduno…comes Pardiaci", granted Marciac et Beaumarchez to "dominum Geraldum de Armaniaco…comitem Pardiaci et dominum baroniarum Viranesii et Ordanesii et dominam Annam de Montelugduno…comitissam Pardiaci et dominarum baroniarum prædictarum" by charter dated 19 Jan 1379, witnessed by "nobiles Geraldus de Montelugduno dominus de la Barana…"[338]m ARNAUD GUILLAUME de Montlezun Comte de Pardiac, son of --- (-before 1379). 

c)         son .  The existence of this son is confirmed by the testament of his father, in which he is not named but which refers to Arnaud as the testator´s fourth son. 

d)         ARNAUD d´Albret (-after 7 Aug 1345).  The testament of "madame Guiraude, dame de Gironde et femme de messire Berard d´Albret", dated 7 Aug 1345, appoints "Arnault son quatrième fils" as her heir as her other children supported the English[339]

e)         ROSE d´Albret (-after May 1401).  An arrêt of the parliament of Paris dated May 1401 records that "Jehan Jourdain de Lisle visconte de Lisle" was ordered to pay compensation to "dame Roze d´Albret" in respect of a third part of the succession of "feu Loys de Lisle, fils de la ditte Rouse"[340]m BERTRAND de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of ---. 

f)          TALESE d´Albret (-after 1403).  The marriage contract of "messire Barthélémy de Piis" and "madame Talèze d´Albret" is dated 3 Mar 1262[341].  The testament of "Claude de Piis, fille de Barthélemy de Piis" is dated 1389 and names "dame Talèze d´Albret sa mère" as her heir[342].  Letters patent of Charles VI King of France dated 1403 to the seneschal of Agenois name "dame Thalèze d´Albret, vefve de Barthélemy de Piis"[343]m (contract 15 Mar 1363) BARTHELEMY de Pons, son of --- (-1294 or after).  The testament of "Barthelemy de Piis seigneur de Monheurt" is dated 1294[344]

4.         MATHE (-after 30 Aug 1338).  The marriage contract of "Hélye Rudel seigneur de Bergerac, Montignac et du Pont" and "Mathe fille du messire Amanieu d´Albret" is dated 1314 "le jeudy après la feste Sainct Philip et Sainct Jacques"[345].  Vicomtesse de Tartas, Dame de Bergerac.  The testament of "Mathe d´Albret, dame de Bergerac, Montignac, Moncucq, Gensac, Miremon et Castelmoron" is dated 30 Aug 1338 and appoints "Bernard Ezii sire d´Albret son frère" as her heir[346]m firstly ([1309]) ARNAUD RAYMOND de Tartas Vicomte de Tartas, son of --- (-1312).  m secondly (2 May 1314) HELIE RUDEL [II] de Pons Seigneur de Pons et de Bergerac, son of RENAUD [IV] de Pons Seigneur de Pons et de Bergerac & his wife Isabelle de Lévis (-before 30 Aug 1338). 

5.         JEANNE d´Albret (-after 1357).  m (contract Feb 1319) RENAUD [IV] de Pons Seigneur de Riberac, son of GEOFFROY [V] de Pons Seigneur de Riberac & his wife Isabelle de Rodez (-killed in battle Poitiers 19 Sep 1356). 

6.         ASSALIDE .  The marriage contract of "Assalide d´Albret, fille de messire Amanieu sire d´Albret" and "le visconte de Fronsac" is dated 11 Aug 1323[347].  A charter dated 10 Aug 1324 confirms that "la dite dame Assalide d´Albret" received her dowry from "messire Amanieu son père et…dame Isabeau de Gironde sa mère"[348].  Presumably the reference to her mother "Isabeau de Gironde" is an error, as Rose de Bourg, wife of Amanieu [VII] Sire d´Albret survived her husband as shown by her testament referred to above.  m (contract 11 Aug 1323) --- Vicomte de Fronsac, son of ---. 

 

 

The following reconstruction represents an outline only of the main members of this family, shown mainly for the purpose of hyperlinking to other documents in Medieval Lands and as a framework within which to place new primary source extracts when these have been found.  The full genealogy of the Sires d´Albret is published in Europäische Stammtafeln[349]

 

ARNAUD AMANIEU [VIII] d´Albret, son of BERNARD AIZ [V] Sire d´Albret & his second wife Mathe d´Armagnac (-1401).  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "…dominam Matham de Armaniaco sororem nostrum, uxorem domini de Lebreto…dominum Amaneum de Lebreto militem filium suum primogenitum…dominum Bernardum Ezii de Lebreto militem, filium dictæ sororis nostræ secundo genitum…Johannes de Lebreto filium dictæ sororis nostræ tertio genitum…"[350].  Vicomte de Tartas.  The testament of "messire Bernardetz sire d´Albret, filz d´Amanieu sire d´Albret et de dame Rouse de Bourg", dated 1358, appoints "messire Amanieu son premier filz" as his heir in the Albret estates[351]Sire d´Albret.  A treaty between "Karlos…rey de Navarra" and "Arnald Amanieu, seynor [de Labrit] et vizcomte de Tartas" is dated 26 Feb 1365[352].  A charted dated 8 Sep 1365 records that "seynhor mossen Amaniu, seynor de Labrit, vezconte de Tartas et seyhor de las terres de Micxe et d´Ostabares" took possession of Ostabaret[353]

[Betrothed ([1340]) to MARGARET of Kent, daughter of EDMUND Earl of Kent & his wife Margaret Baroness Wake ([1327]-[before 1 May 1351]).  King Edward III appointed representatives to negotiate the marriage between “Bernardetto domino de la Breto...Amaneum primogenitum dicti Bernardetti” and “Margaretam filiam claræ memoriæ Edmundi comitis Kantiæ avunculi nostri” by charter dated 4 Apr 1340[354].  No document has been located which indicates that these negotiations culminated in a betrothal.  Margaret presumably died before Arnaud Amanieu was betrothed to Isabella, daughter of Edward III King of England.] 

[Betrothed (contract 1 May 1351) to ISABELLA of England, daughter of EDWARD III King of England & his wife Philippa de Hainaut (Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire 16 Feb or [Mar] or 16 Jun [1332 or 1334]-[15 Mar/4 May] 1379 or [17 Jun/5 Oct] 1382, bur Greyfriars Church, Newgate, London).  The contract for the marriage between “Rex...Isabellam primogenitam nostram” and “Bernardo Ezii domino de Lebreto...Bernardi Ezii filii senioris et hæredis dicti domini de Lebreto” is dated 1 May 1351[355].  It is unlikely that the name of the future bridegroom in this document can be correct.  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names, as shown above, Bernard Aiz as second son of Bernard Aiz [V] Sire d´Albret and Arnaud Amanieu [VIII] as his oldest son and heir[356].  It appears unlikely that the advisers of King Edward III (who was suzerain of Gascony including the Albret properties) would have been unaware of the identity of the heir to Albret.  It is equally unlikely that the king would have agreed the marriage of his oldest daughter to the second son of the sire d´Albret.  It is therefore more probable that the future bridegroom was Arnaud Amanieu [VIII] and that there is an error in the name inserted in the charter.] 

m (contract 3 May 1368) MARGUERITE de Bourbon, daughter of PIERRE I Duc de Bourbon [Capet] & his wife Isabelle de Valois (-after 4 Jan 1416).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that another daughter “del...Duque de Borbon”, referred to fourth in his list, married “el Señor de Lebret” when recording the negotiations for the marriage of her sister Blanche in 1351[357]

Arnaud Amanieu [VIII] & his wife had three children: 

1.         CHARLES [I] (-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415)Sire d´Albretm (27 Jan 1400) as her third husband, MARIE de Sully Dame de Sully, Dame de Craon, Ctss de Guines, widow firstly of CHARLES de Berry Comte de Montpensier and secondly of GUY [VI] de La Trémoïlle Comte de Guines, daughter of LOUIS de Sully Sire de Sully & his wife Isabeau de Craon.  Charles [I] & his wife had five children: 

a)         JEANNE d´Albret (1403-1433).  A contract dated 12 Jun 1411 records a payment made by "Archambaut comte de Foix" to "sire d´Albret Charles" for the marriage of "madame de Grelly fille dudict d´Albret"[358].  This document is presumably misdated, assuming that it is correct that Jean´s first wife died in 1413.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the second marriage 23 May 1422 of "Mossen Johan" and "Madona Johana de Labrit"[359]m (betrothed [12 Jun 1411], 23 May 1422) as his second wife, JEAN Comte de Foix, son of ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly Captal de Buch & his wife Isabelle Ctss de Foix et de Bigorre (1382-Mazères, Ariège 4 May 1436). 

b)         CATHERINE d´Albret m (1409) CHARLES de Montaigu Vidame de Laon, son of JEAN de Montaigu & his wife Jacqueline de la Grange (1396-killed in battle Agincourt 1415). 

c)         CHARLES [II] (1407-1471)Sire d´Albret.  Comte de Dreux.  m ([1417]) ANNE d´Armagnac, daughter of BERNARD [VII] d´Armagnac Comte de Charolais & his wife Bonne de Berry (1402-).  Charles [II] & his wife had seven children: 

i)          JEAN d´Albret (-3 Jan 1468).  Vicomte de Tartas.  Sire d´Albret

-         see below

ii)         ARNAUD AMANIEU (-Roussillon 1463).  Sire d´Orval.  Baron de Lesparre.  m (contract 25 Nov 1457) as her second husband, ISABELLE de La Tour, widow of GUILLAUME de Blois-Châtillon-Blois Vicomte de Limoges, daughter of BERTRAND [V] de La Tour Comte d´Auvergne et de Boulogne & his wife Jacquette de Peschin (-8 Sep 1488).  The marriage contract of "Arnaud Amanieu d´Albret seigneur d´Orval" and "damoyselle Isabeau de la Tour" is dated 25 Nov 1457[360].  Arnaud Amanieu & his wife had three children: 

(a)       JEAN (-10 May 1524).  Sire d´Orval.  Comte de Rethel.  m (15 Apr 1486) CHARLOTTE de Nevers, daughter of JEAN de Nevers Comte de Rethel [Bourgogne-Valois] & his second wife Pauline de Brosse-Bretagne ([1472]-Château de Meillan-en-Berry 23 Aug 1500, bur Château de Meillan-en-Berry).  She succeeded in 1491 as Ctss de Rethel.  Jean & his wife had three children: 

(1)       MARIE d´Albret (25 Mar 1491-Paris 27 Oct 1549, bur Nevers Franciscan Church).  Ctss de Rethel.  m (25 Jan 1504) her first cousin, CHARLES de Cleve Comte de Nevers, son of ENGELBERT van Kleve Comte de Nevers & his wife Charlotte de Bourbon-Vendôme (-Paris Louvre 17 Aug 1521, bur Nevers Franciscan Church). 

(2)       CHARLOTTE d´Albret m (1520) ODET de Foix Comte de Comminges (-1528). 

(b)       FRANÇOISE d´Albret ([1454]-Donzy 20 Mar 1521)m (11 Mar 1480) as his tirad wife, JEAN de Nevers Comte de Nevers et de Rethel, son of PHILIPPE de Bourgogne Comte de Nevers et de Rethel [Bourgogne-Valois] & his second wife Bonne d´Artois (Clamecy 25 Oct 1415-Nevers 25 Sep 1491, bur Nevers). 

iii)        CHARLES (-beheaded Poitiers 7 Apr 1473).  Seigneur de Sainte-Bazeille.  m (contract 18 Aug 1472) as her first husband, MARIE d´Astarac, daughter of JEAN [II] Comte d´Astarac & his second wife Jeanne de Courasse.  The marriage contract of "Charles d´Albret seigneur de Saincte Bazeilhe" and "dame Marye d´Astarac, fille de Jehan conte d´Astarac" is dated 18 Aug 1472[361].  She married secondly Jean de Savignac Seigneur de Belcastel

iv)       MARIE d´Albret (-after 4 Jan 1485)m (11 Jun 1456) CHARLES de Nevers Comte de Nevers et de Rethel, son of PHILIPPE de Bourgogne Comte de Nevers et de Rethel [Bourgogne-Valois] & his second wife Bonne d´Artois (1414-May 1464, bur Nevers St Cyr). 

v)        JEANNE d´Albret (-Parthenay [20] Sep 1444).  Ctss de Dreux.  m (Nerac 29 Aug 1442) as his second wife, ARTHUR de Bretagne Duc de Touraine, Comte de Montfort, son of JEAN V "le Vaillant" Duke of Brittany & his third wife Infanta doña Juana de Navarra (Château Succinio near Vannes 24 Aug 1393-Château Nantes 26 Dec 1458).  He succeeded his nephew in 1457 as ARTHUR III "le Justicier" Duke of Brittany, pair de France. 

2.         MARGUERITE d´Albret .  The marriage contract of "Gaston comte de Foix" and "madame Marguerite d´Albret" is dated 19 May 1410[362].  The receipt for the dowry paid by "Gaston de Foix captal de Buchz, viscomtes de Benauges" to "messire Charles d´Albret, conestable de France" for his marriage to "Marguerite d´Albret…sœur du dict d´Albret" is dated 24 Dec 1414[363]m (contract 19 May 1410) GASTON [IV] de Foix Comte de Longueville, son of ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly Captal de Buch & his wife Isabelle Ctss de Foix et de Bigorre (-after 1455). 

 

 

JEAN d´Albret, son of CHARLES [II] d´Albret Comte de Dreux & his wife Anne d´Armagnac (-3 Jan 1468).  Vicomte de Tartas.  Sire d´Albret

m (before 20 Sep 1447) CATHERINE de Rohan, daughter of ALAIN [IX] Vicomte de Rohan et de Léon Vicomte de Porhoët & his first wife Marguerite de Bretagne (-after 24 Mar 1471). 

Jean & his wife had four children: 

1.         ALAIN (-1522)Sire d´Albret.  Comte de Gavre.  Comte de Périgord.  Comte de Castres.  m (Papal dispensation 20 Jan 1462) FRANÇOISE de Blois-Châtillon Vicomtesse de Limoges, daughter of GUILLAUME de Blois dit de Bretagne Vicomte de Limoges & his wife Isabelle de la Tour d´Auvergne (-after 1488).  The dispensation for the marriage of "messire Allain sire d´Albret" and "dame Francoyse de Bretaigne", despite their 3o and 4o consanguinity, is dated 20 Jan 1462[364].  Alain & his wife had seven children: 

a)         JEAN ([1469]-Pau 14 Jun 1516, bur Lascar)He succeeded in 1484 as don JUAN (III) Joint King of Navarre, by right of his wife.  m (Orthez 14 Jul 1484) CATALINA Queen of Navarre, Ctss de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomtesse de Béarn, daughter of GASTON de Foix Infante de Navarra Principe de Viana & his wife Madeleine de France (1470-Mont-de-Marsan 12 Feb 1517 bur Lescar). 

-        KINGS of NAVARRE

b)         LOUISE (-21 Sep 1531).  Vicomtesse de Limoges.  Charles VIII King of France gave permission "au sire d´Albret" to negotiate the marriage of "Louyse d´Albret sa fille" to "le prince de Chimay" by letters dated 1496, their contract of marriage being dated 1495[365]m (9 Dec 1495) CHARLES de Croy Prince de Chimay (-1527). 

c)         ISABELLE m GASTON de Foix Comte de Candale (-1500). 

d)         CHARLOTTE (-11 Mar 1514).  Dame de Chalus.  m (10 May 1499) CESARE Borgia Duca d´Urbino, illegitimate son of RODRIGO de Borja [Pope ALEXANDER VI]  & his mistress Vanozza de' Cataneis (1475-killed in battle Viana 1507). 

2.         JEANNE LOUISE (-8 Sep 1494)Mistress of JEAN II "le Bon" Duc de Bourbon et d´Auvergne, son of CHARLES I Duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne & his wife Agnès de Bourgogne [Valois] (Château de Moulins, Allier 30 Aug 1426[366]-Château de Moulins 1 Apr 1488, bur Priory of Souvigny).  m (1480) JACQUES Sire d´Estouteville et de Vallemont, son of MICHEL Sire d'Estouteville et de Vallemont & his wife Marie Dame de La Rocheguyon (-1489). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    COMTES d'ARMAGNAC

 

 

A.      COMTES d'ARMAGNAC (COMTES de FEZENSAC)

 

 

The county of Armagnac was formed in the eastern part of the county of Fezensac in the 960s when it was granted as an appanage to Bernard, younger son of Guillaume Garcia Comte de Fezensac.  The family of the earliest comtes d´Armagnac is set out in Part A. of this chapter.  The history of Armagnac outshone that of its parent county, the family of the latter becoming extinct in the male line with the death of Astenove [II] Comte de Fezensac in 1098, after which his daughter and heiress married Gérard [III] Comte d´Armagnac who acquired the Fezensac territory and title.  The combined territory of Armagnac and Fezensac covered most of the present-day French département of Gers and the easternmost part of the département de Landes.  Its main town was Auch.  The male line of Comte Gérard [III] became extinct in the early 13th century when the county passed, through the female line, to the family of the vicomtes de Lomagne. 

 

 

BERNARD "le Louche",  son of GUILLAUME García de Gascogne Comte de Fezensac & his wife --- (-after 1029).  The Codex de Roda names "Regemundus de Fedenzac, et Oton, ac Fridolo, et Bernardo, at domna ---" as the children of "Gilelmo Garsies" and his unnamed wife[367].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Ottonem cognomina Fultam et Bernardum Luscum" as children of "Guillelmus-Garsias Consul Fidentiaci", stating that they divided their territories between them, Bernard taking "Armaniacum" and also commenting that Bernard built "Monasterium S. Orientii"[368]Comte d'Armagnac et d'Aignan [965].  Monlezun names "Othon et Bernard" as the two sons of Guillaume Garcia, specifying that Bernard succeeded his father in "l'occident sous le nom d'Armagnac…[comprenant] les cantons actuels de Riscle, d'Aignan, de Nogaro et de Cazaubon" but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[369].  "Bernardus Luscus" founded the monastery of Saint-Orens at Auch, with the advice of "uxoris suæ Emerinæ", by charter dated to [956][370].  "Oddo comes" donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch by charter dated to [960] "regnante tres fratres germanos Oddo comite, Bernardo comite, Fredelone comite"[371]

m ([956] or before) EMERINA, daughter of ---.  "Bernardus Luscus" founded the monastery of Saint-Orens at Auch, with the advice of "uxoris suæ Emerinæ", by charter dated to [956][372]

Comte Bernard [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         GERAUD [I] "Trencaléon" (-before 29 Jul 1011).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Gerardum Trencaleonem" as son of "Bernardum Luscum"[373]Comte d'Armagnac.  The date of his death is set by the Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis which quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias…", donated property to the convent of Condom[374]m firstly ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly as her first husband, ADELAIS, daughter of ---.  Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the charter of her son (by her second marriage) who declares himself "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" in his donation of property to the monastery of Saint-Mont dated to [1062][375].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[376], she was Adelais de Poitou, daughter of Guillaume V Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume III Comte de Poitou], but this appears impossible chronologically.  Jaurgain states that Adelais must have been the daughter of Duke Guillaume V by his second marriage to Sancha [Brisca] de Gascogne, adding that this is the only way to explain why her son Bernard was accepted as Comte de Gascogne after the death of Eudes Duke of Gascony and Aquitaine who would, if this hypothesis was correct, have been Bernard´s maternal uncle[377].  However, as can be seen in the document AQUITAINE DUKES, the children of this couple must have been born during the period [1011/18], which means that the charter dated 29 Jul 1011 which fixes the timing of the death of Adelais´s first husband and her second marriage must be incorrectly dated by at least twenty if not thirty years.  She married secondly (before 29 Jul 1011) Arnaud [II] Vicomte de Lomagne.  Her second marriage is confirmed, and its date set, by the Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis which quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias…", donated property to the convent of Condom[378].  Comte Géraud [I] & his first wife had one child:

a)         GALDIS .  According to Jaurgain, her dowry was the vicomté de Corneillan, but he cites no primary source which confirms her parentage and her marriage[379]m ([1020]) ADHEMAR de Polastron, son of ---. 

Comte Géraud [I] & his second wife had [two] children: 

b)         BERNARD [II] "Tumpaler" (-before 1090).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Bernardus Tumapaler" as son of "Gerardum Trencaleonem"[380]Comte d'Armagnac.  He was recognised as Comte de Gascogne in 1039 after the death of Eudes Duke of Gascony, Duke of Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou[381].  "Bernardus…Armaniacensis comes cum uxore mea…Ermengardis" exchanged property with the archbishop of Auch by charter dated May 1052[382].  "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo cum uxore mea comitissa…Ermengarda ac filiis meius Geraldo et Arnaldo-Bernardo" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[383].  "B. Tumpaler comes Gasconiæ et vicecomes Aquensis Garsie Arnaud, et Od Guilem vicarius de Salies" donated property to the church of Sainte-Marie de Lescar by charter dated to [end 1061][384].  "Bernardus cognomento Tumapalerius tocius condatus Guasconie comes" and donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont, on the advice of "Geraldus filius meus et frater eius Arnaldus Bernardus, Ademarus vicecomes Polestrensis et filii eius Willelmus Fedacus…Oddo et Fedacus", by charter dated 1062 before 4 Aug[385].  The dating clause of this charter explains that Comte Bernard had sold his rights to Gascony to "duce Guidone duce Pictaviensi Equitaniam et totam Guasconiam regente".  According to Jaurgain, after he was defeated by Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine, Comte Bernard abdicated in favour of his two sons, swore his monastic vows at the monastery of Cluny, and returned to Saint-Mont as a monk[386]m ERMENGARDIS, daughter of ---.  "Bernardus comes [et] Ermengardis uxor mea" and their two sons made a joint donation to Cluny dated 1049[387].  "Bernardus…Armaniacensis comes cum uxore mea…Ermengardis" exchanged property with the archbishop of Auch by charter dated May 1052[388].  "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "…uxore mea comitissa…Ermengarda…" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[389].  Comte Bernard [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          GERAUD [II] (-end 1095).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Geraldum" as son of "Bernardus Tumapaler"[390].  "Arnaldus et Geraldus filii nostri" and their parents made a joint donation to Cluny dated 1049[391]Comte d'Armagnac

-         see below

ii)         ARNAUD BERNARD (-[1080]).  "Arnaldus et Geraldus filii nostri" and their parents made a joint donation to Cluny dated 1049[392].  "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "…filiis meius Geraldo et Arnaldo-Bernardo" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[393].  "Bernardus cognomento Tumapalerius tocius condatus Guasconie comes" and donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont, on the advice of "Geraldus filius meus et frater eius Arnaldus Bernardus…", by charter dated 1062 before 4 Aug[394].  An inventory of churches of the monastery of Saint-Mont includes property donated by "Geraldus filius [Bernardi comitis]" for the soul of "fratris sui Arnoldi Bernardi", dated to [1080][395]

c)         [ADELAIS .  There is uncertainty about the origin of Adelais, wife of Gaston [III] Vicomte de Béarn.  "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[396].  Assuming that nepos should be interpreted in its strict sense, Centule's mother was therefore the sister of Bernard Comte d'Armagnac.  However, the unresolved question is whether Adelais was Bernard's full sister or uterine half-sister.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[397], she was Adelais de Lomagne, daughter of Arnaud [II] Vicomte de Lomagne & his wife.  Presumably this is extrapolated from the charter dated to [1062] under which "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont[398]m firstly (1030, maybe separated 1038) GASTON [III] Vicomte de Béarn, son of CENTULE [III] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife --- (- 1054).  m secondly as his second wife, ROGER Vicomte de Gabarret, son of ---.  [1045]] 

 

 

GERAUD [II] d'Armagnac, son of BERNARD [II] "Tumpaler" Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Ermengardis --- (-end 1095).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Geraldum" as son of "Bernardus Tumapaler"[399].  "Arnaldus et Geraldus filii nostri" and their parents made a joint donation to Cluny dated 1049[400].  "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "…filiis meius Geraldo et Arnaldo-Bernardo" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[401].  "Bernardus cognomento Tumapalerius tocius condatus Guasconie comes" and donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont, on the advice of "Geraldus filius meus et frater eius Arnaldus Bernardus…", by charter dated 1062 before 4 Aug[402]Comte d'Armagnac.  "Geraldus comes filius Bernardi comitis" swore to defend the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1065][403], which implies he was then governing Armagnac in place of his father. 

m firstly ([1070]) as her second husband, AZIVELLE de Lomagne, widow of GERAUD [I] Seigneur d'Arbeissan, daughter of ODON [II] Vicomte de Lomagne & his wife --- (-after [1086]).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 9 Sep 1068 under which "filia Oddonis vicecomitis Lomanie uxor Geraldi Obeissani" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of Saint-Mont[404].  Her name and second marriage are confirmed by another charter in the same cartulary in which "Azivella filia Oddonis vicecomitis de Lomania" names "Bernardo Tumapalerio socero meo", which is confirmed by "Bernardus filius supradictæ dominæ"[405].  Her second marriage is further confirmed by, and her two sons by her first marriage and her son by her second named in, the charter dated to [1085] which refers to a donation to the monastery of Saint-Mont by "nobilissima quiedam femina Azivera vicecomitis Lomanie Oddonis filia, mater que Bernardi filii Geraldi Armaniaci comitis", on the advice of "eiusdem Bernardi filii sui et Geraldi secundi coniugis et aliorum duorum filiorum Hugonis et Oddonis"[406].  "Domina Azivella matre dompni Bernardi Armaniacensis comitis" made an agreement with the monks of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1085][407].  It is curious that this charter names Azivelle's son, and not her husband, and that he is accorded the title count although it appears from other sources that his father was still alive at that date. 

m secondly SANCHA, widow of FEDAC Vicomte de Corneillan, daughter of ARSIEU Loup co-Seigneur de Bergons, Luppé, Daunian, Lapujolle et Balembits & his wife Rose ---.  An inventory of churches of the monastery of Saint-Mont includes details of a serf "in…loco Pujole" donated by "Sancia uxor…Fedacii vicecomitis" on the day her husband died, with the advice of "comitis Geraldi", dated to [1081][408].  "Comes Geroldus cum uxore mea Sazia" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1095][409].  The primary source which confirms that Sancha, widow of Vicomte Fédac, was the same person as Sancha, second wife of Comte Géraud, has not yet been identified.  Her parents are named by Jaurgain but he cites no primary source on which this is based[410]

Comte Géraud [II] & his first wife had three children: 

1.         BERNARD [III] (-after 28 Jul [1110]).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Bernardum" as son of "Geraldum"[411].  "Bernardus filius Geraldi Armaniaci comitis" confirmed donations to the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1090], including those by "avus meus Bernardus tocius Gasconie comes cognomento Tumapelerius"[412]Comte d'Armagnac.  A charter dated to [1100] records an agreement relating to the church of Saint-Martin de Bergons which names "Bernardus Armaniacensis comes cum uxore mea et filio meo Geraldo puero"[413].  "Bernardus vicecomes" renounced a tax on La Réole before the court of Gascony, before "Astanova comite…de Fedenzac, ac Bernardo de Armanac, necnon Gastone vicecomite de Bearn, et Lupo Anario de Marzan, et Bibiano de Lomonie, et Petro, domino de Gavarred…", by charter dated 1103[414].  "Bernardus comes Armeniacensis…cum coniuge mea N Alpasia atque filiis meis Giraldo atque Ottone" donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch by charter dated 28 Jul [1110], in the presence of "Guiraldo eiusdem comitis frater"[415]m ([1095] or before) ALPAIS de Turenne, daughter of BOSON Vicomte de Turenne & his wife Gerberge ---.  Her marriage date is established by the charter dated to [1095] under which "Bernardus iuvenis Armaniacensis comes" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont, on the advice of "uxoris mea", although she is unnamed in the document[416].  A charter dated 1104 records a judicial combat presided over by "comitisse Armaniacensis et filii eius Geraudi ad huc pueri"[417].  The cartulary of Tulle St Martin records a donation by "Alpaiz uxor comiti d'Ermaniaco…filia Bosonis vicecomitis Torennensis" dated Mar [1113][418].  Comte Bernard [III] & his wife had four children: 

a)         GERAUD [III] (-1160).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Geraldus" as son of "Bernardum"[419].  A charter dated to [1100] records an agreement relating to the church of Saint-Martin de Bergons which names "Bernardus Armaniacensis comes cum uxore mea et filio meo Geraldo puero"[420].  A charter dated 1104 records a judicial combat presided over by "comitisse Armaniacensis et filii eius Geraudi ad huc pueri"[421].  "Bernardus comes Armeniacensis…cum coniuge mea N Alpasia atque filiis meis Giraldo atque Ottone" donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch by charter dated 28 Jul [1110], in the presence of "Guiraldo eiusdem comitis frater"[422]Comte d'Armagnacm (before Dec 1119) as her second husband, AZELMA de Fezensac, widow of BERNARD [III] Comte de Bigorre, daughter of ASTANOVE [II] Comte de Fezensac & his wife --- ([1090]-before 1160).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "filiam…Adalmur" as the child of "Astam-Novam", specifying that she was the mother of "Benetricis" who was childless[423].  The primary source which confirms the identity of her first husband has not yet been identified.  "Geraldus comes Armaniacensis…cum filio suo primogenito Bernardo" confirmed a donation to Sainte-Marie d´Auch after the death of "istius comitisse…et filie eius Benetricis", desiring "consulatum Fezenciaci", by undated charter[424].  This is the only charter cited by Jaurgain which supposedly confirms Azelma´s second marriage[425].  However, it is a curious document.  The wording implies that Comte Géraud confirmed Azelma´s donation because he desired her county, although the confirmation was made after she died.  If he had married her, however, he would presumably automatically have been entitled to Fezensac and the stated purpose behind the confirmation would have been pointless.  Another factor is that Géraud´s son Bernard is described in the document only as his son not hers.  Comte Géraud [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          MASCAROSE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1188 under which her son "Bernardus d´Armaniac vicecomes de Fezensagued" donated property to Gimont for the soul of "matris suæ cha Mascarosa"[426]m ([1150]) OTHON [I] de Lomagne Seigneur de Firmaçon, son of OTHON [IV] Vicomte de Lomagne & his wife ---.  1182. 

ii)         BERNARD [IV] (-1193).  "Geraldus comes Armaniacensis…cum filio suo primogenito Bernardo" confirmed a donation to Sainte-Marie d´Auch after the death of "istius comitisse…et filie eius Benetricis", desiring "consulatum Fezenciaci", by undated charter[427].  Comte d'Armagnac.  A charter dated 7 Apr 1189 records that "B. Armaniacensis, comes Fezensiacensi et Armaniaci, et G. filius eius" donated property to the hospital of Serregrand[428]m ([1150]) ETIENNETTE, daughter of --- (-bur Sainte-Marie de Carrizo).  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated document which records that her daughter "Maria virgo ex Regio sanguine sata, filia…domine Stephaniæ, Armigniaci comitissæ" became a nun at the convent of Sainte-Marie de Carrizo, which also states that mother and daughter were buried together in the monastery[429].  Comte Bernard [IV] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GERAUD [IV] "Trencaléon" (-before 8 Jun 1215).  A charter dated 7 Apr 1189 records that "B. Armaniacensis, comes Fezensiacensi et Armaniaci, et G. filius eius" donated property to the hospital of Serregrand[430]Comte d'Armagnac.  An order of King John dated 18 May 1202 granted "Castell Novum et medietatem Else q Gasto de Beauc tenuit" to "Gerald de Armignac et Bern de Armignac fratri suo"[431].  "Dompnus Geraldus Armaniacensis comes et Odo Leomanie eius consanguineus" witnessed the peace treaty dated 4 Jun 1204 between Vézian [II] Vicomte de Lomagne and the community of Toulouse[432]

(b)       BERNARD (-after 18 May 1202).  An order of King John dated 18 May 1202 granted "Castell Novum et medietatem Else q Gasto de Beauc tenuit" to "Gerald de Armignac et Bern de Armignac fratri suo"[433]

(c)       MARIE (-bur Sainte-Marie de Carrizo).  An undated document records that "Maria virgo ex Regio sanguine sata, filia…domine Stephaniæ, Armigniaci comitissæ" became a nun at the convent of Sainte-Marie de Carrizo and that mother and daughter were buried together in the monastery[434]

b)         OTHON .  "Bernardus comes Armeniacensis…cum coniuge mea N Alpasia atque filiis meis Giraldo atque Ottone" donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch by charter dated 28 Jul [1110], in the presence of "Guiraldo eiusdem comitis frater"[435]

c)         daughter .  Bernard´s two unnamed daughters are referred to by Jaurgain but he does not quote the primary source which records them[436]

d)         daughter .  Bernard´s two unnamed daughters are referred to by Jaurgain but he does not quote the primary source which records them[437]

2.         GERAUD .  "Bernardus comes Armeniacensis…cum coniuge mea N Alpasia atque filiis meis Giraldo atque Ottone" donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch by charter dated 28 Jul [1110], in the presence of "Guiraldo eiusdem comitis frater"[438].  Canon at Auch Sainte-Marie [1110]. 

3.         GUILLAUME (before 12 Apr 1080-).  "Geraldus comes" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 12 Apr 1080, which refers to the baptism of "Geraldi comitis filium…Willelmus…filiolum Philippo regnante comite Willelmo presule"[439]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES d'ARMAGNAC (LOMAGNE)

 

 

The descendants of Bernard de Lomagne Vicomte de Fezensaguet, whose son Géraud inherited the county of Armagnac from his paternal grandmother´s nephew, are shown below.  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

BERNARD de Lomagne, son of OTHON [I] de Lomagne Seigneur de Firmaçon & his wife Mascarose d'Armagnac (-[1188/Mar 1193]).  "Otho de Lomania et nos filii eius Bernardus de Armaiaco et Otho de Lomannia" granted right of passage over their land to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 8 Jun 1182[440].  He was adopted by his maternal uncle Bernard [IV] Comte d'Armagnac[441].  Vicomte de Fezenzaguet 1184.  "Bernardus d´Armaniac vicecomes de Fezensagued" donated property to Gimont, for the soul of "matris suæ cha Mascarosa", by charter dated 1188[442]

m GERALDESSE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Nov 1229 under which her son "Odo de Armaniaco filius Bernardus de Armaniaco et dominæ Geraldessæ" donated property to the abbey of Grandselve[443].  According to Jaurgain, Géraldesse was the daughter of Roger Bernard [I] Comte de Foix.  He cites six different documents which demonstrate close connections between the Armagnac/Lomagne and Foix families[444].  However, the parentage of Géraldesse cannot be the only explanation for this connection.  It should also be noted the names Géraldesse and Géraud are not found at all in the family of the comtes de Foix. 

Bernard & his wife had four children: 

1.         BERNARD [II] (-[1200]).  "Bernardus de Armanac dictus filius Bernardi de Armanac" exempted the abbey of Grandselve from taxes by charter dated Mar 1193[445].  Vicomte de Fezensaguet.  "Bernardo de Armaniaco vicecomite de Fezensagued" granted rights to Gimont by charter dated 1198[446]

2.         GERAUD [V] (-30 Sep 1219).  Vicomte de Fezensaguet.  He succeeded his father´s maternal first cousin as Comte d'Armagnac et de Fezensac in [1204/15].  "Girardus comes Fezenciaci et Armeniaci" swore homage to "domino Symone comite Montisfortis" for the counties of Fezensac and Armagnac and the vicomté of Fezensaguet by charter dated 8 Jun 1216[447].  "Giraldus comes Armaniaci et Fezenciaci, Rogerius frater eius..." swore allegiance to "D. Simoni duci Narbonæ, comiti Tolosæ ac vicecomiti Biterrensi" by charter dated 19 Dec 1217[448].  The necrology of Case-Dieu records the death "pridie Kal Sep" in 1219 of "Geraldi comitis Armaniaci"[449]m  ---.  The name of Géraud's wife is not known.  Géraud [V] & his wife had three children: 

a)         PIERRE GERAUD (-before 1242).  Comte d'Armagnac et de Fezensac. 

b)         BERNARD [V] (-[22 Jul 1245/25 Mar 1246]).  Comte d'Armagnac et de Fezensac.  m  [INES [de Aragón], daughter of ---.] 

c)         MASCAROSE (-before 25 Mar 1246).  Her daughter Mascarose succeeded as Ctss d'Armagnac on the death of her brother but died before 15 Sep 1254 without heirs.  m as his first wife, ARNAUD [III] Odon Vicomte de Lomagne et d'Auvillars, son of ODON [V] Vicomte de Lomagne et d'Auvillars & his wife --- (-[1264/18 Apr 1267]). 

3.         ARNAUD BERNARD (-1222 or after). 

4.         ODON .  "Odo de Armaniaco filius Bernardus de Armaniaco et dominæ Geraldessæ" donated property to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated Nov 1229[450]

5.         ROGER (-before 22 Mar 1245).  Vicomte de Fezensaguet.  "Giraldus comes Armaniaci et Fezenciaci, Rogerius frater eius..." swore allegiance to "D. Simoni duci Narbonæ, comiti Tolosæ ac vicecomiti Biterrensi" by charter dated 19 Dec 1217[451]m PUCELLE d'Albret, daughter of AMANIEU [IV] Sire d'Albret & his wife Almodis d'Angoulême (-after 1243).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Roger & his wife had four children: 

a)         GERAUD [VI] (-1280).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 22 Mar 1245 under which Géraud Comte d´Armagnac confirmed rights of pasturage granted to the abbey of Grandselve by his father Roger d´Armagnac[452]Vicomte de Fezensaguet.  Comte d'Armagnac et de Fezensac 1254. 

-        see below

b)         ROGER (-killed in battle [1274]).  His possible descendants, Seigneurs de Termes, are set out in Europäische Stammtafeln[453]

c)         AMANIEU (after 1230-11 Mar 1318).  Bishop of Bayonne.  Archbishop of Auch 1261.  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, donated property for the souls of "…domini Amaneni de Armaignaco archiepiscopi Auxitani et domini Rogerii de Armaigniaco episcopi Laudoneni, paternorum nostrorum quondam…"[454]

d)         ARNAUD BERNARD (-killed in battle 1272).  Monk at Gimont 1242.  m (1263) VERONIQUE de la Barthe, daughter and heiress of ARNAUD GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de la Barthe, d'Aure et de Magnoac & his wife ---. 

 

 

GERAUD [VI] d'Armagnac, son of ROGER d'Armagnac Vicomte de Fezensaguet & his wife Pucelle d'Albret (-1280).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 22 Mar 1245 under which Géraud Comte d´Armagnac confirmed rights of pasturage granted to the abbey of Grandselve by his father Roger d´Armagnac[455].  Vicomte de Fezensaguet.  Comte d'Armagnac et de Fezensac 1254.  "Geraldus…comes Armaniaci et Fezenciaci vicecomes Fezensaguelli" confirmed donations to Grandselve by "nobiles viri…dominus Bernardus de Armanhaco, dictus filius Bernardi de Armanhaco, et dominus Bernardus comes de Armanhaco quondam, et dominus Geraldus comes de Armanhaco et Fezensaco qui fuit, et dominus Rogerius de Armanhaco filius quondam Bernardi et qua ipse Geraldus filius domini Rogerii" by charter dated 7 Nov 1267[456].  A mansucript chronicle records the death in 1280 of "Geraldus comes d´Armagnac"[457]

m MATHE de Béarn, daughter of GASTON [VI] Vicomte de Béarn & his first wife Mathe de Marsan [Bigorre] ([1245/55]-after 1317).  Heiress of Gebardan, Eauzan and Brulbrois-en-partie.  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ [presumably mistranscription for Mathæ] comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[458].  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[459]

Géraud [VI] & his wife had six children: 

1.         BERNARD [VI] (-1319, bur Auch Sainte-Marie).  His parentage is confirmed by a second testament of his son "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, which donates property for the souls of "…domini Bernardi quondam Armaignaci comitis, genitoris nostri, et domini Geraldi, patris, avi nostri paterni"[460]Comte d'Armagnac.  Sire d'Albret, by right of his first wife.  “Bernardo...comiti Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” granted “castrum et villam de Castro Gelosio...de Veiriaco” to “Gasto de Armaniaco vicecomes Fesensaquelli et Rogerius frater suus...fratres prædicti”, by charter dated 8 Oct 1294[461]

-        see below

2.         GASTON (-1319).  "Dominæ Mathæ…Armaniaci et Fezensiaci comitissæ" requested the emancipation of "Gastonis vicecomitis Fezensaguetti filiique dictæ dominæ comitissæ et…Guiraudi…Armaniaci et Fezensiaci comitis" by charter dated 8 Jan 1294[462].  Vicomte de Fezenzaguet. 

-        VICOMTES de FEZENZAGUET

3.         ROGER (-1339).  The testament of “Isabellis domina de Lebreto comitissa Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 1 Oct 1294, and names “Rotgerium de Armaniaco sororium meum” as her heir “in castris de Casa-nova, de Lebreto[463].  “Bernardo...comiti Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” granted “castrum et villam de Castro Gelosio...de Veiriaco” to “Gasto de Armaniaco vicecomes Fesensaquelli et Rogerius frater suus...fratres prædicti”, by charter dated 8 Oct 1294[464].  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “Gastonem, Rogerium, Marquam et Mascarosinam fratres et sorores nostros...Geraldo de Labbatus nepoti nostro et primogenito dictæ Mascarosæ sororis nostræ...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[465]Bishop of Lavaur 1317.  Archbishop of Auch 1318.  Bishop of Laon, Pair de France 1336.  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, donates property for the souls of "…domini Amaneni de Armaignaco archiepiscopi Auxitani et domini Rogerii de Armaigniaco episcopi Laudoneni, paternorum nostrorum quondam…"[466]

4.         [PUCELLE (-[1298/18 May 1302]).  The letter of Pope Boniface VIII granted dispensation 2 May 1296 for the marriage between "Helye Thalayrandi comiti Petragoricensis et vicecomes Leomaniæ et Altivillari" and "Puelle, nate quondam Geraldi comitis Armaniaci, uxor eius" despite 3o consanguinity[467].  “Puelle” could either be this daughter´s name (presumably named after her paternal grandmother) or simply "young girl".  In the latter case, this daughter could have been the same person as the daughter named Marqua in her father´s testament dated 18 May 1302.  If Pucelle was a different daughter, she must have died before her father´s testament in which she is not named.  Betrothed ([1295], contract broken before 1298) to HELIE [IX] TALAIRAND Comte de Périgord, son of ARCHAMBAUD [III] Comte de Périgord & his first wife --- ([1258/62]-1315).] 

5.         MARQUA .  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “Gastonem, Rogerium, Marquam et Mascarosinam fratres et sorores nostros...Geraldo de Labbatus nepoti nostro et primogenito dictæ Mascarosæ sororis nostræ...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[468].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   m as his first wife, BERNARD [VIII] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [VII] Comte de Comminges & his wife Laure de Montfort (-after 26 Aug 1336).  He succeeded his father in 1312 as Comte de Comminges

6.         MASCAROSE .  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “Gastonem, Rogerium, Marquam et Mascarosinam fratres et sorores nostros...Geraldo de Labbatus nepoti nostro et primogenito dictæ Mascarosæ sororis nostræ...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[469]m BERNARD de Lomagne Seigneur de Firmaçon (-after 19 Jun 1337). 

 

 

BERNARD [VI] d´Armagnac, son of GERAUD [VI] Comte d´Armagnac & his wife Mathe de Béarn (-1319, bur Auch Sainte-Marie).  His parentage is confirmed by a second testament of his son "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, which donates property for the souls of "…domini Bernardi quondam Armaignaci comitis, genitoris nostri, et domini Geraldi, patris, avi nostri paterni"[470]Comte d'Armagnac.  Sire d'Albret, by right of his first wife.  "Bernardus…comes Armaniaci et Fezensiaci" confirmed the privileges of the county of Fezensac, granted by "domino Geraldo de Armenaico…genitori suo", by charter dated 22 Feb 1286, signed by "dominæ matris…Mathæ…comitissæ Armaniaci et Fezensiaci"[471].  “Bernardo...comiti Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” granted “castrum et villam de Castro Gelosio...de Veiriaco” to “Gasto de Armaniaco vicecomes Fesensaquelli et Rogerius frater suus...fratres prædicti”, by charter dated 8 Oct 1294[472].  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “domina Cecilia uxor nostra", her child to be born, "...[et] Henricum comitem Ruthehæ, patrem dictam dominæ uxoris nostræ” and “Gastonem, Rogerium, Marquam et Mascarosinam fratres et sorores nostros...Geraldo de Labbatus nepoti nostro et primogenito dictæ Mascarosæ sororis nostræ...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[473].  His place of burial is confirmed by a second testament of his son "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, which elects burial "in ecclesia cathedrali beate Marie Auxitani" next to his father[474]

m firstly ISABELLE Dame d'Albret, daughter of BERNARD AIZ [IV] Sire d'Albret & his wife Jeanne de Lusignan (-1 Dec 1294, bur Auch Cathedral).  The testament of “Isabellis domina de Lebreto comitissa Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 1 Oct 1294, names “dominam Johannam de la Marcha matrem meam” as her heir “in castro meo de Alhais diocesis Vasatensis”, chooses her burial “in ecclesia cathedrali B. Mariæ Auxis in sepultura sororis meæ quondam”, appoints “Rotgerium de Armaniaco sororium meum” as her heir “in castris de Casa-nova, de Lebreto” and names “domino Bernardo comiti Armaniaci et Fesenciaci marito meo...Gastoni vicecomiti Fesensaquelli...sororiis meis[475]

m secondly (1298) CECILE de Rodez, daughter of HENRI [II] Comte de Rodez & his second wife Mascarose de Comminges ([1272]-1313).  A manuscript of Rodez convent names "tres filias…Belburgem, Beatricem et Cæciliam" as thr children of "Henricus comes Ruthenensis filius Hugonis" and his second wife "domina Mascarosa de Convenis", adding that Cecile "junior" married "Bernardo de Armaniaco comite Armaniaci et Fezensiaci filio dicti Geraldi" and inherited "in toto comitatu Ruthenensi"[476].  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names "quondam bonæ memoriæ domini Henrici comitis Ruthenæ avi nostri…dominæ Mascariosæ eius uxoris, aut nostræ…dominæ Ceciliæ comitissæ Ruthenæ matris nostræ"[477]Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci”, dated 18 May 1302, which names “domina Cecilia uxor nostra...[et] Henricum comitem Ruthehæ, patrem dictam dominæ uxoris nostræ[478].  Ctss de Rodez.  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names "quondam bonæ memoriæ domini Henrici comitis Ruthenæ avi nostri…dominæ Mascariosæ eius uxoris, aut nostræ…dominæ Ceciliæ comitissæ Ruthenæ matris nostræ"[479]

Bernard [VI] & his second wife had three children: 

1.         MATHE d´Armagnac ([mid-late 1302]-1364).  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci”, dated 18 May 1302, names “domina Cecilia uxor nostra" and her child to be born[480].  It is possible that this child was Mathe.  The marriage contract of "Mathe sœur du comte d´Armagnac" and "Bernard Ezii fils de Amanieu sire d´Albret" is dated 21 May 1321[481].  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "filii nostri Johannis primogeniti…Bernardum filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannam filiam nostrum…dominam Matham de Armaniaco sororem nostrum, uxorem domini de Lebreto…dominum Amaneum de Lebreto militem filium suum primogenitum…dominum Bernardum Ezii de Lebreto militem, filium dictæ sororis nostræ secundo genitum…Johannes de Lebreto filium dictæ sororis nostræ tertio genitum…"[482]m ([1321]) as his second wife, BERNARD AIZ [V] d´Albret, son of AMANIEU [VII] Sire d´Albret & his wife Rose de Bourg (-[1357/59]). 

2.         JEAN [I] (before 6 May 1306-after 5 Apr 1373, bur Auch Sainte-Marie).  "Le comte d´Armagnac et son fils" confirmed that the king of France was their suzerain by charter dated 6 May 1306[483]Comte d'Armagnac.  The first testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, bequeathes property for the soul of "Reginæ de Gutto…vicecomitissæ Leomaniæ, primæ…uxoris quondam nostræ, et domini Bertrandi", names "Beatrix de Claromonte uxor nostra", names as his heirs, in turn, "filii nostri Johannis primogeniti…Bernardum filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannam filiam nostrum…dominam Matham de Armaniaco sororem nostrum, uxorem domini de Lebreto…dominum Amaneum de Lebreto militem filium suum primogenitum…dominum Bernardum Ezii de Lebreto militem, filium dictæ sororis nostræ secundo genitum…Johannes de Lebreto filium dictæ sororis nostræ tertio genitum…Johannem d´Armaniaco vicecomitem Fesensaguelli, Brulhesii et Creyselli et dominum baroniæ Rocafolio, filium consanguinei nostri germani…dominum Gerardum de Bartha militem, dominum vallis Auræ et castri novi Manhoaci, consanguineum nostrum germanium…Rogerium de Bartha consanguineum nostrum germanium, fratri dicti Gerardi", bequeathes property to "domino Reginaldo de Ponte militi consanguineo nostro, vicecomiti Carletensi…domino Almarico de Narbone militi, domino de Talayrano, consanguineo nostro…domino Bertrando domino de Turre, militi, consanguineo nostro", names "quondam bonæ memoriæ domini Henrici comitis Ruthenæ avi nostri…dominæ Mascariosæ eius uxoris, aut nostræ…dominæ Ceciliæ comitissæ Ruthenæ matris nostræ", and appoints "dominum Johannem de Convenis episcopum Portuensem…cardinalem…advunculum nostrum…dominum Arnaldum Guillelmi de Barta episcopum Lectorensem consanguineum nostrum…dominum Raymundum de Cardalhaco, archidiaconum de Perdalhano in ecclesia Auxitanensi, consanguineum nostrum" among his executors[484].  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, elects burial "in ecclesia cathedrali beate Marie Auxitani" next to his father, donates property for the souls of "…domini Amaneni de Armaignaco archiepiscopi Auxitani et domini Rogerii de Armaigniaco episcopi Laudoneni, paternorum nostrorum quondam, et Regine de Gutto quondam uxoris nostre…domini Bertrandi de Guto quondam vicecomitis Leomaniæ et Altivillaris, patris ipsius Regine…domini Henrici bone memorie comitis Ruthene avi nostri…domini Bernardi quondam Armaignaci comitis, genitoris nostri, et domini Geraldi, patris, avi nostri paterni", names "filiam nostrum Johannam de Petragorum consortem Johannis filii et heredis nostri…nepotis nostri domini Arnaldi Guillermi comitis Pardiaci…Johanne…filie nostre…uxorique domini ducis de Beriui et Alvernie…Mathe filie nostre…ducisse Gerunde, uxorique…principis domini Johannis, ducis Gerunde, primogeniti domini regis Aragonie", appoints "Johannem filium nostrum…Johanus eius primogenito nepote nostro…Bernardeum de Armaignaco nepotem nostrum, secundo genitum dicti filii nostri heredem" as his heirs[485]m firstly (before 10 May 1324) REGINE de Goth Vicomtesse de Lomagne, daughter of BERTRAND de Goth Vicomte de Lomagne et de Auvillars & his wife Beatrix de Lautrec Vicomtesse de Lautrec (-Château de Lavardins [12 Aug/1 Sep]).  The marriage contract between “Iohannem comitem Armaniaci” and “dominum Bertrandum de Guto vicecomitem Leomaniæ et Altivillaris...Reginam filiam” is undated[486].  The date of her marriage is indicated by the testament of Bertrand de Goth dated 10 May 1324 which indicates that his daughter was comtesse d´Armagnac[487].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, appointed "dominæ Beatrici vice-comitissæ Lautricensi matri suæ…Rogerio de Armaniaco et Domino Amanevo de Lebreto" as her executors, appointed "dominum Joannem comitem Armaniaci, Fesenciaci et Ruthenæ virum suum" as her heir, substituting "Arnaldum Bernardi de Preyssaco militem dictum Soldanum, Amanevum et Bertrandum de Mota fratres, Aymericum de Duroforti dominum de --- …Reginam de Gutto uxorem nobilis Amanevi de Pinibus…et Braydam vicecomitissam Bruniquelli, necnon et Indiam uxorem domini de Monteferrando…Marquesiæ de Sevinhaco uxori Othonis domini de Montealto" in case her husband died childless[488].  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, bequeathes property for the soul of "Reginæ de Gutto…vicecomitissæ Leomaniæ, primæ…uxoris quondam nostræ, et domini Bertrandi"[489].  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, donates property for the souls of "…Regine de Gutto quondam uxoris nostre…domini Bertrandi de Guto quondam vicecomitis Leomaniæ et Altivillaris, patris ipsius Regine…"[490]m secondly (contract May 1327, before 2 Jun 1327) BEATRIX de Clermont Dame de Charolais, daughter of JEAN de Clermont Baron de Charolais & his wife Jeanne de Dargies Dame de Dargies et de Catheux (-1364[491] or after, bur Rodez, couvent des Cordeliers).  A letter of Charles IV King of France dated May 1327 records the contract of marriage between "Jehan comte d´Armagnac et de Rodéz" and "nostre chere cousine demoiselle Béatrix de Clermont"[492].  The date of the marriage is ascertained more precisely by the letter dated 2 Jun 1327 from "Loys comte de Clermont seigneur de Bourbon et chambrier de France" to the "bailiff de Charolais" instructing all the nobles of Charolais to swear homage to "nostre…neveu le comte d´Armignac" following his marriage to "nostre…niece"[493].  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names "Beatrix de Claromonte uxor nostra"[494].  The testament of "domina Beatrix de Clermont, comitissa Armaniaci, dominaque Charrolesio, uxor…domini Johannes comitis Armaniaci", dated 20 Aug 1361, names "Johannem de Armaniaco filium nostrum…", appoints "filiam nostrum Johannam, Bituriæ et Alverniæ ducessam ac…dominos Johannem de Francia, Bituriæ et Alverniæ necnon et Burgendie et Borboni duces, et comitem Pardiaci…"[495].  She is not named in a second testament of her husband dated 5 Apr 1373, which donates extensive property for the soul of his first wife[496].  Jean [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)         JEAN [II] ([1333]-26 May 1384).  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "filii nostri Johannis primogeniti…Bernardum filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannam filiam nostrum…"[497].  The testament of "domina Beatrix de Clermont, comitissa Armaniaci, dominaque Charrolesio, uxor…domini Johannes comitis Armaniaci", dated 20 Aug 1361, names "Johannem de Armaniaco filium nostrum…"[498].  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, appoints "Johannem filium nostrum…Johanus eius primogenito nepote nostro…Bernardeum de Armaignaco nepotem nostrum, secundo genitum dicti filii nostri heredem" as his heirs[499]Comte d'Armagnac.  Comte de Fézensac.  Comte de Rodez.  m (1359) JEANNE de Périgord, daughter of ROGER BERNARD Comte de Périgord & his wife Eléonore de Vendôme (-after 7 May 1366).  Jean [I] Comte d'Armagnac acknowledged receipt of 15,000 florins from Roger-Bernard Comte de Périgord, which was the dowry of Jeanne de Périgord, wife of Jean son of the comte d'Armagnac[500].  Jeanne de Périgord, comtesse d'Armagnac recognised a debt of 1,000 florins by a document dated 7 May 1366[501].  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, names "filiam nostrum Johannam de Petragorum consortem Johannis filii et heredis nostri…"[502].  Jean [II] & his wife had three children: 

i)          JEAN [III] d’Armagnac ([1359]-25 Jul 1391).  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, appoints "Johannem filium nostrum…Johanus eius primogenito nepote nostro…Bernardeum de Armaignaco nepotem nostrum, secundo genitum dicti filii nostri heredem" as his heirs[503]Comte d'Armagnacm as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Comminges, daughter of daughter of PIERRE RAYMOND [II] Comte de Comminges & his wife Jeanne de Comminges (1363-1443).  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, appointed "dominam Margaritam eius filiam…et dominæ Johannæ eius consortis", married firstly to "domino Johanne quondam comite Armaniaci et Convenarum", as his heir[504].  She married secondly (contract 8 Oct 1392) Jean de Fezenzaguet.  A charter dated 8 Oct 1392 records the procuration from "domina Margaritta relicta…domini Joannis quondam comitis Armaniaci…Convenarum comitssa" to negotiate her marriage to "Joanne de Armaniaco filio…domini Geraldi de Armaniaco comitis Pardiaci…et…dominæ Annæ de Montelugduno eius consortis"[505].  Jean [III] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       JEANNE d´Armagnacm (1409) GUILLAUME AMANIEU de Madaillon Seigneur de Lesparre (1375-1414). 

(b)       MARGUERITE d’Armagnac m firstly GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Narbonne, son of GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de Narbonne & his wife Guérine de Beaufort-Canillac (-killed in battle Verneuil 1423).  m secondly ---. 

ii)         BERNARD [VII] d’Armagnac (1364-murdered Paris 12 Jun 1418).  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, appoints "Johannem filium nostrum…Johanus eius primogenito nepote nostro…Bernardeum de Armaignaco nepotem nostrum, secundo genitum dicti filii nostri heredem" as his heirs[506]Comte d'Armagnac

-         see below

iii)        BEATRIX d'Armagnac .  The Annales Mediolanenses record the marriage in 1382 of "Dominum Bernabovem…Domino Carolo filio suo" and "Dominum Comitem de Arminiaco…unam filiam"[507].  A charter dated 9 May 1382 notifies the marriage by proxy between "dominum comitem Armeniaci…Beatrix genita" and "Magdalenam natam…Bernabos Vicecomes"[508].  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "alii duo filii…Domini Bernabovis…Dominus Carolus et Dominus Mastolus" escaped when "Dominum Bernabovem et Dominum Ludovicum et Dominum Rodulphum eius filios" were captured at Pavia 6 May 1385, "Dominus Carolus" being at "Cremæ cum Domina Beatrice eius uxore"[509].  A treaty of peace between “monsenhor Johan…comte d´Armagnac, de Fezensac, et Johan d´Armagnac son fils…comte de Comenge” and “mossen Gaston…comte de Foix, et Gaston son filh” is dated 20 Mar 1378 and 1379, names “Margaride comtesse de Comenge” wife of the former, and provides for the marriage between “Beatrix filhe d´eudit mossenhor d´Armagnac…et lo dessusdit Gaston filh d´eudit mossenhor de Foix[510].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the marriage in 1378 of "Madona Beatrix appelada la Gaya Armanhaguesa, filha del comte de Armanhac" and "Gaston, fil del comte Febus"[511]m firstly (Betrothed 20 Mar 1378, 1379) GASTON de Béarn, son of GASTON [III] "Fébus" Comte de Foix & his wife Infanta doña Inés de Navarra ([1365]-[1381]).  m secondly (27 Jan 1382, by proxy 9 May 1382) CARLO Visconti Signore di Parma, son of BERNABÒ Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife Beatrice "Regina" della Scala of Verona (Sep 1359-Aug 1403). 

b)         BERNARD (-after 18 Feb 1347).  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "filii nostri Johannis primogeniti…Bernardum filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannam filiam nostrum…"[512]

c)         JEANNE d'Armagnac ([1346]-Mar 1387).  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "filii nostri Johannis primogeniti…Bernardum filium nostrum secundo genitum…Johannam filiam nostrum…"[513].  The testament of "domina Beatrix de Clermont, comitissa Armaniaci, dominaque Charrolesio, uxor…domini Johannes comitis Armaniaci", dated 20 Aug 1361, appoints "filiam nostrum Johannam, Bituriæ et Alverniæ ducessam ac…dominos Johannem de Francia, Bituriæ et Alverniæ necnon et Burgendie et Borboni duces, et comitem Pardiaci…"[514].  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, names "…Johanne…filie nostre…uxorique domini ducis de Beriui et Alvernie…"[515]m (contract Carcassonne, Aude 24 Jun 1360, Rodez, Aveyron 17 Oct 1360) as his first wife, JEAN de France Duc de Berry, son of JEAN II "le Bon" King of France & his first wife Bonne de Luxembourg (Château du Bois de Vincennes 30 Nov 1340-Paris, Hôtel de Nesle 15 Jun 1416, bur Bourges Sainte-Chapelle). 

d)         MATHE d´Armagnac (alter 18 Feb 1347-Zaragoza 23 Oct 1378).  She is not named in the testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, so must have been born subsequently[516].  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, names "…Mathe filie nostre…ducisse Gerunde, uxorique…principis domini Johannis, ducis Gerunde, primogeniti domini regis Aragonie"[517]m ([Barcelona[518]] 24 Jun 1373) as his second wife, Infante don JUAN de Aragón Duque de Gerona, son of don PEDRO IV "el Ceremonioso" King of Aragon & his third wife Eleonora of Sicily [Aragon] (Perpignan 27 Dec 1350-Foixa 19 May 1396).  He succeeded his father in 1387 as JUAN I "el Cazador" King of Aragon and Valencia, Conde de Barcelona. 

3.         ISABEAU d´Armagnac (-before 18 Feb 1347).  Dame de Beras.  She is not named in the testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, so must have been died before then[519]

 

 

BERNARD [VII] d´Armagnac, son of JEAN [II] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Jeanne de Périgord (1364-murdered Paris 12 Jun 1418).  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, appoints "Johannem filium nostrum…Johanus eius primogenito nepote nostro…Bernardeum de Armaignaco nepotem nostrum, secundo genitum dicti filii nostri heredem" as his heirs[520]Comte d'Armagnac.  "Bernardo…comite Armaniaci, Fezensiaci et Ruthenæ vicecomiteque Leomaniæ et Alti-Vilariæ…filium…domini Joannis quondam comitis Armaniaci, Fezensiaci, Ruthenæ et Carlienensis" confirmed the privileges of the county of Fezensac by charter dated 14 Nov 1393[521].  Encouraged by his father-in-law, he became a leading adversary of the Burgundian party.  Vicomte de Murat before 1413: “Bernard Comte d´Armagnac” donated property, confiscated and acquired “audit vicomte” during the rebellion 20 Aug 1413, to the consuls of Murat by charter dated 1413[522].  He was appointed Connétable de France 30 Dec 1415.  “Bernard vicomte” confirmed the privileges of the inhabitants of Murat by charter dated 1414[523].  He was killed by the Burgundians. 

m (contract Château de Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Cher 2 Dec 1393) as her second husband, BONNE de Berry, widow of AMEDEE VII "le Comte Roux" Comte de Savoie, daughter of JEAN [I] de France Duc de Berry & his first wife Jeanne d'Armagnac (1362-Carlat, Cantal 30 Dec 1435, bur Rodez église des Cordeliers).  Dame de Carlat, by cession of her father at Bourges Nov 1410.  She renounced Faucigny in 1427 in favour of her son Amédée VIII Duke of Savoy. 

Bernard [VII] & his wife had seven children: 

1.         BONNE d'Armagnac (Lavardens, Gers 19 Feb [1395]-Castelnau-de-Montmiral, Tarn [1430[524]/16 Nov 1435])m (contract Gien, Loiret 18 Apr 1410, Riom, Puy-de-Dôme 15 Aug 1410) as his second wife, CHARLES Duc d'Orléans, son of LOUIS de France Duc d'Orléans & his second wife Valentina Visconti of Milan (Hôtel royal de Saint-Pol, Paris 24 Nov 1394-Château d'Amboise 4 Jan 1465, bur Chapelle d'Orléans, église des Célestins, Paris). 

2.         JEAN [IV] d’Armagnac (Convent des Cordeliers Rodez 15 Oct 1396-L´Isle-Jourdain [14 Oct 1450/12 May 1451])Comte d'Armagnac.  Comte de Bigorre et Vicomte de Lomagne 1425.  "Joannes…comes Armaniaci, Fezensiaci et Ruthenæ et Insulæ, vicecomesque Fezensagueti, Brullesii, Carselli et Gimoesi" confirmed the privileges of the county of Armagnac by charter dated 4 May 1428[525]m firstly (contract 30 Jul 1406, Nantes 26 Jun 1407) BLANCHE de Bretagne, daughter of JEAN V "le Vaillant" Duke of Brittany & his third wife Infanta doña Juana de Navarra (1397-before May 1419).  The marriage contract between "Bernard comte d´Armagnac et Jean d´Armagnac vicomte en Lomagne son fils ainé" and "Monseigneur Jean duc de Bretagne pour Madame Blanche sa sœur puinée" is dated 30 Jul 1406[526].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the marriage 26 Jun 1407 “in capella castri Nannetensis” of “Blanchia filia...Joannis quondam ducis Britanniæ et dominæ Johannæ filiæ regis Navarræ” and “domino Johanni filio comitis de Armeniaco et dominæ Johannæ filiæ ducis Bituricensis eius conjugis[527]m secondly (by proxy 10 May 1419) Infanta doña ISABEL de Navarra, daughter of don CARLOS III "el Noble" King of Navarre & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla y León (1396-after 31 Aug 1435 or [1450]).  Jean [IV] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         BONNE d’Armagnac (1416-before 1448). 

Jean [IV] & his second wife had five children: 

b)         JEAN [V] d’Armagnac (1420-murdered Lectoure 5 Mar 1473, bur Lectoure Saint-Gervais).  Vicomte de Lomagne.  He succeeded his father in 1450 as Comte d´Armagnacm (Lectoure 19 Aug 1469) JEANNE de Foix, daughter of GASTON IV Comte de Foix Prince of Navarre & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Navarra (after 1454-Pau after 10 Feb 1476).  Mistress (1): his sister, ISABELLE d´Armagnac, daughter of JEAN [IV] Comte d´Armagnac & his second wife Infanta doña Isabel de Navarra (1430-1476).  Jean [V] & his wife had one child: 

i)          daughter (posthumously stillborn Apr 1473). 

Jean [V] had three illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

ii)         JEAN d´Armagnac (-1516).  Seigneur de Camboulas.  m (1507) JEANNE de La Tour, daughter of ---. 

iii)        ANTOINE d´Armagnac

iv)        ROSE d´Armagnacm (1498) GASPARD de Villemur Seigneur de Saint Paul

c)         MARIE d´Armagnac ([1420/25]-monastère des Hospitalières, Mortagne-au-Perche 25 Jul 1473, bur église collégiale de Toussaint)m (contract Chateau de l’Isle-Jourdain, Gers 30 Apr 1437) as his second wife, JEAN [II] Duc d´Alençon, son of JEAN I "le Sage" Duc d'Alençon & his wife Marie de Bretagne dame de La Guerche (Château d’Argentan 1409- Paris 1476, bur Paris, église des Jacobins). 

d)         ELEONORE d´Armagnac (-[6/11] Dec 1456)m (26 Sep 1446) as his second wife, LOUIS de Chalon Prince d´Orange Seigneur d´Arlay et d´Arguel, son of JEAN Prince d'Orange, Sire d'Arlay & his wife Marie de Baux Pss d'Orange (1390-3 Dec 1463). 

e)         CHARLES [I] (1425-Castelnau de Montmirail 3 Jun 1497).  Vicomte de Fézensaguet.  He was imprisoned by Louis XI King of France from 1472 to 1485.  He succeeded his brother in 1473 as Comte d´Armagnacm (26 Nov 1468) CATHERINE de Foix-Candale, daughter of JEAN de Foix Comte de Benauges Earl of Kendal & his wife Margaret de la Pole (-1510).  Charles [I] had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

i)          PIERRE .  He was legitimated and created Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain. 

f)          ISABELLE d´Armagnac (1430-1476).  "Domina Isabellis de Armignaco, filia…domini Joannis quondam comitis Armaniaci domina terrarum Auræ, Maignoaci et Marrosæ, ac totius Baronniæ de la Bartha" confirmed an agreement with "domino Gastoni de Leone domino de Vesan" by charter dated 9 Nov 1473[528].  She was mistress of her brother JEAN d´Armagnac Vicomte de Lomagne

3.         MARIE (1397-young). 

4.         BERNARD d´Armagnac (29 Mar 1400-1462).  Comte de Pardiac.  Vicomte de Carlat et de Murat.  The consuls of Murat swore hommage to “Bernard d´Armagnac Vicomte de Murat” by charter dated 1425[529].  Comte de la Marche 1435, by right of his wife.  Connétable de France.  Created Duc de Nemours (pair de France), with his wife, 3 Apr 1461 (registered 14 Apr).  m ELEONORE de Bourbon, daughter of JACQUES [II] de Bourbon Comte de la Marche & his first wife Infanta doña Beatriz de Navarra (-after 11 Sep 1463).  She succeeded in 1435 as Ctss de la Marche et de Castres, when her father retired to a monastery.  Created Dss de Nemours (pair de France), with her husband, 3 Apr 1461 (registered 14 Apr).  Bernard & his wife had two children: 

a)         JACQUES d'Armagnac (1437-beheaded Paris 4 Aug 1477, bur Paris église des Cordeliers).  Comte de Castres.  Duc de Nemours.  He was found guilty of spying for England and condemned to death.  m (contract Poitiers 12 Jun 1462) LOUISE d'Anjou, daughter of CHARLES d'Anjou Comte du Maine & his [second] wife Isabelle de Luxembourg (1445-Carlat, Cantal 1470).  Jacques & his wife had six children: 

i)          JACQUES d’Armagnac (-1477). 

ii)         JEAN d’Armagnac (-1500).  He succeeded his father as Duc de Nemours and Comte de Pardiac. 

iii)        LOUIS d’Armagnac (-1503).  Comte de Guise.  He succeeded his brother as Duc de Nemours and Comte de Pardiac.  Betrothed to FRANÇOISE d'Alençon, daughter of RENE Duc d'Alençon & his [second] wife Marguerite de Lorraine ([1490]-Château de La Flèche en Anjou 14 Sep 1550, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges). 

iv)       MARGUERITE d´Armagnac (-1503).  Ctss de Guise.  m as his second wife, PIERRE de Rohan-Gié Seigneur de Gié (-1513). 

v)        CHARLOTTE d´Armagnac (-1504).  Ctss de Guise.  m CHARLES de Rohan-Gié, son of PIERRE de Rohan-Gié Seigneur de Gié & his first wife Françoise de Penhoet (-1528).  He succeded his father as Seigneur de Gié. 

vi)       CATHERINE d'Armagnac (-Moulins 2 Mar 1487, bur Priory of Souvigny).  She died in childbirth.  m (contract Saint-Cloud 28 Aug 1484) as his second wife, JEAN II "le Bon" Duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne, son of CHARLES I Duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne & his wife Agnès de Bourgogne [Valois] (Château de Moulins, Allier 30 Aug 1426[530]-Château de Moulins 1 Apr 1488, bur Priory of Souvigny). 

b)         JEAN .  Abbé d´Aurillac. 

5.         ANNE d’Armagnac (1402-)m CHARLES [II] Sire d´Albret, of CHARLES [I] d'Albret Sire d'Albret [Constable of France] & his wife Marie Dame de Sully et de Craon (1407-1471). 

6.         JEANNE (1403-young). 

7.         BEATRIX (1406-young). 

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES de CORNEILLAN

 

 

Corneillan is a small village located near Bernède about 10 kilometres south-east of Aire sur l´Adour in the present-day French département of Gers, within the territory of the medieval county of Armagnac.  References to vicomtes de Corneillan have been identified in primary sources between 1055 and 1081.  Presumably the site of a fortress of sufficient importance to justify the creation of a vicomté, no reference to such fortification or surviving remains of any medieval castle has been found.  Presumably vassals of the comtes d´Armagnac, no document has yet been identified which confirms this vassal relationship beyond doubt.  Secondary sources record later vicomtes de Corneillan from the early 13th century.  No indication has been found that this later family descended from the 11th century vicomtes. 

 

 

1.         ADEMAR de Polestron (-[1075]).  "Ademarus Polestronii cum filiis suis Willelmo-Fedaco, Oddone Fedaco" supported the foundation of the monastery of Saint-Mont by "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[531]Vicomte de Corneillan.  "Bernardus cognomento Tumapalerius tocius condatus Guasconie comes" and donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont, on the advice of "…Ademarus vicecomes Polestrensis et filii eius Willelmus Fedacus…Oddo et Fedacus", by charter dated 1062 before 4 Aug[532]m GAUDIS, daughter of ---.  An inventory of churches of the monastery of Saint-Mont includes property donated by "Galdis vicecomitissa mater Fedaci vicecomites" for the soul of "mariti sui Ademari", dated to [1075][533].  "Gaudis…femina vicecomitissa dicta de Cornela" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1078][534].  "Fedacus castri Corneliani vicecomes, mater mea Gajadiz" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont with the consent of "fratre meo Wilelmo Fedaco" by charter dated to [1080][535].  Adémar & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME FEDAC (-[1084/86]).  "Ademarus Polestronii cum filiis suis Willelmo-Fedaco, Oddone Fedaco" supported the foundation of the monastery of Saint-Mont by "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[536].  "Bernardus cognomento Tumapalerius tocius condatus Guasconie comes" and donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont, on the advice of "…Ademarus vicecomes Polestrensis et filii eius Willelmus Fedacus…Oddo et Fedacus", by charter dated 1062 before 4 Aug[537]Vicomte de Corneillan.  A charter dated to [1084] records that "vicecomes de Cornela Fedacus" was killed "subito gladiis" and succeeded by "Wilelmus Fedacus…frater eius maior", and that his predecessor was "alterius fratris sui Oddonis"[538]m as her first husband, BERTRANA, daughter of ---.  "Bertranna vicecomitissa de Cernela" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1085][539].  She married secondly ([1086] or before) Eleazarus.  "Eleazarus et uxor mea vice comitissa…Bertranna" made an agreement with the monks of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1086][540].  Guillaume Fedac & his wife had two children: 

i)          ARNAUD GUILLAUME (-before [1090]).  A charter dated to [1090] records that "miles Kaiardus filius vicecomitisse Bertranne de Cornela" had agreed a donation to the monastery of Saint-Mont for his burial, that after his death "Arnaldus Wilelmus frater eius" had made the donation, and that after Arnaud Guillaume died "uxor ipsius Bonafemina" confirmed the donation[541]m BONAFEMINA, daughter of --- (-after [1090]).  A charter dated to [1090] records that "miles Kaiardus filius vicecomitisse Bertranne de Cornela" had agreed a donation to the monastery of Saint-Mont for his burial, that after his death "Arnaldus Wilelmus frater eius" had made the donation, and that after Arnaud Guillaume died "uxor ipsius Bonafemina" confirmed the donation[542]

ii)         CAIARD (-before [1090]).  A charter dated to [1090] records that "miles Kaiardus filius vicecomitisse Bertranne de Cornela" had agreed a donation to the monastery of Saint-Mont for his burial, that after his death "Arnaldus Wilelmus frater eius" had made the donation, and that after Arnaud Guillaume died "uxor ipsius Bonafemina" confirmed the donation[543]

b)         OTHON (-before [1084]).  "Ademarus Polestronii cum filiis suis Willelmo-Fedaco, Oddone Fedaco" supported the foundation of the monastery of Saint-Mont by "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[544].  "Bernardus cognomento Tumapalerius tocius condatus Guasconie comes" and donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont, on the advice of "…Ademarus vicecomes Polestrensis et filii eius Willelmus Fedacus…Oddo et Fedacus", by charter dated 1062 before 4 Aug[545].  A charter dated to [1084] records that "vicecomes de Cornela Fedacus" was killed "subito gladiis" and succeeded by "Wilelmus Fedacus…frater eius maior", and that his predecessor was "alterius fratris sui Oddonis"[546]

c)         FEDAC (-killed in battle [1081]).  "Ademarus Polestronii cum filiis suis Willelmo-Fedaco, Oddone Fedaco" supported the foundation of the monastery of Saint-Mont by "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[547].  "Bernardus cognomento Tumapalerius tocius condatus Guasconie comes" and donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont, on the advice of "…Ademarus vicecomes Polestrensis et filii eius Willelmus Fedacus…Oddo et Fedacus", by charter dated 1062 before 4 Aug[548]Vicomte de Corneillan.  "Fedacus castri Corneliani vicecomes, mater mea Gajadiz" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont with the consent of "fratre meo Wilelmo Fedaco" by charter dated to [1080], which also names "avunculus eius Wilelmus Fedacus"[549].  A charter dated to [1084], signed by "Mancipio consobrino suo", records that "vicecomes de Cornela Fedacus" was killed "subito gladiis" and succeeded by "Wilelmus Fedacus…frater eius maior", and that his predecessor was "alterius fratris sui Oddonis"[550]m SANCHA, daughter of ---.  An inventory of churches of the monastery of Saint-Mont includes details of a serf "in…loco Pujole" donated by "Sancia uxor…Fedacii vicecomitis" on the day her husband died, with the advice of "comitis Geraldi", dated to [1081][551].  She married secondly ([1086]) as his second wife, Géraud [II] Comte d'Armagnac.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  An inventory of churches of the monastery of Saint-Mont includes property donated by "Sanzia comitissa uxor Geraldi comitis Armaniaci", dated to [1088][552].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  "Comes Geroldus cum uxore mea Sazia" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1095][553].  Fedac & his wife had one child: 

i)          ARSIUS (-after May [1086]).  "Vicecomes Arsius, filius Fedaci vicecomitis Corneliani" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont after the death of "patris sui" by charter dated May [1086][554]

2.         [GERAUD (-before [1078]).  An inventory of churches of the monastery of Saint-Mont includes property donated by "Geraldus vicecomes", dated to [1070][555].  It is not known how Géraud was related to the other vicomtes de Corneillan.  It is assumed that he died before the donation by his son dated to [1078] (see below).]  m ---. 

a)         GUILLAUME GERAUD (-after [1078]).  An inventory of churches of the monastery of Saint-Mont includes property donated by "Wilelmus Geraldus filius Geraldi vicecomitis Corneliani", dated to [1078][556].  

3.         [--- .  m ---.] 

a)         [MANCIPIUS (-after [1084]).  A charter dated to [1084], signed by "Mancipio consobrino suo", records that "vicecomes de Cornela Fedacus" was killed "subito gladiis"[557].  It is possible that Mancipius was related to Fedac through the family of the latter's mother.] 

 

 

 

D.      VICOMTES de FEZENZAGUET

 

 

The vicomté of Fézenzaguet (or Fézensaguet) was located near Mauvezin in the present-day French département of Gers, on the border of the medieval county of Armagac with the vicomté of Lomagne.  Bernard de Lomagne, son of Othon [I] de Lomagne Seigneur de Firmaçon and Mascarose d´Armagnac, is recorded as vicomte de Fézenzaguet in the 1180s.  The name of the vicomté suggests that it may have been an artificial creation, carved out of the county of Fézenzac, which was at that time held by the comtes d´Armagnac. 

 

 

GASTON d´Armagnac, son of GERAUD [VI] Comte d´Armagnac & his wife Mathe de Béarn (-1319).  "Dominæ Mathæ…Armaniaci et Fezensiaci comitissæ" requested the emancipation of "Gastonis vicecomitis Fezensaguetti filiique dictæ dominæ comitissæ et…Guiraudi…Armaniaci et Fezensiaci comitis" by charter dated 8 Jan 1294[558]Vicomte de Fézenzaguet.  The testament of “Isabellis domina de Lebreto comitissa Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 1 Oct 1294, and names “...Gastoni vicecomiti Fesensaquelli...sororiis meis[559].  “Bernardo...comiti Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” granted “castrum et villam de Castro Gelosio...de Veiriaco” to “Gasto de Armaniaco vicecomes Fesensaquelli et Rogerius frater suus...fratres prædicti”, by charter dated 8 Oct 1294[560].  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “Gastonem, Rogerium, Marquam et Mascarosinam fratres et sorores nostros...Geraldo de Labbatus nepoti nostro et primogenito dictæ Mascarosæ sororis nostræ...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[561]

m firstly (1298) VALPURGE de Rodez, daughter of HENRI [II] Comte de Rodez & his second wife Mascarose de Comminges.  A manuscript of Rodez convent names "tres filias…Belburgem, Beatricem et Cæciliam" as thr children of "Henricus comes Ruthenensis filius Hugonis" and his second wife "domina Mascarosa de Convenis", adding that Valpurge married "nobili Gastone de Armaniaco vicecomite Fezensaguelli" with a dowry of "baroniæ de Rocafolio, Creyselli, de Monteferrato et de Cornus"[562].  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, makes bequests to "…filiabus nostris…Valborges, Cæciliæ et Beatrici"[563].  The testament of "Henricus…comes Ruthenensis", dated 1301, appoints "Valburgem filiam suam…ex matrimonio…uxoris dominæ Mascarosæ de Convenis natam uxorem…Gastonis de Armanhaco vicecomitis Fezensaguelli et Bruliensis" as his heir "in…baronia sua de Rocafolio"[564]

m secondly as her first husband, INDIA de Caumont, daughter of GUILLAUME [III] Seigneur de Caumont & his wife Miramonde de Mauléon.  She married secondly (17 Jul 1323) as his second wife, Guy de Comminges Seigneur de Figeac. 

Gaston & his first wife had children : 

1.         GERAUD (-1339)Vicomte de Fézenzaguetm JEANNE de Comminges, daughter of PIERRE-RAYMOND [I] de Comminges & his wife Jeanne de Fezensac.  Géraud & his wife had children: 

a)         JEAN (-1390)Vicomte de Fézenzaguet.  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "…Johannem d´Armaniaco vicecomitem Fesensaguelli, Brulhesii et Creyselli et dominum baroniæ Rocafolio, filium consanguinei nostri germani…"[565]m MARGUERITE de Vefa, daughter of ARNAUD de Vefa Vicomte de Carmaing & his wife ---.  Jean & his wife had children: 

i)          GERAUD (-1403)Vicomte de Fézenzaguet.  Comte de Pardiac.  m (contract 19 Jan 1379) ANNE de Montlezun, daughter of ARNAUD GUILLAUME de Montlezun Comte de Pardiac & his wife Mabile d´Albret (-1403).  "Mabilla de Labrito olim comitissa comitatus…Pardiaci et nobilis Bernardus Athonis de Montelugduno", executors of "Arnaldus Guillelmi de Montelugduno…comes Pardiaci", granted Marciac et Beaumarchez to "dominum Geraldum de Armaniaco…comitem Pardiaci et dominum baroniarum Viranesii et Ordanesii et dominam Annam de Montelugduno…comitissam Pardiaci et dominarum baroniarum prædictarum" by charter dated 19 Jan 1379[566].  Géraud & his wife had children: 

(a)       JEAN (-after 1392)m (contract 8 Oct 1392) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Comminges, widow of JEAN [III] Comte d´Armagnac, daughter of PIERRE RAYMOND [II] de Comminges & his wife Jeanne de Comminges (1363-1443).  A charter dated 8 Oct 1392 records the procuration from "domina Margaritta relicta…domini Joannis quondam comitis Armaniaci…Convenarum comitssa" to negotiate her marriage to "Joanne de Armaniaco filio…domini Geraldi de Armaniaco comitis Pardiaci…et…dominæ Annæ de Montelugduno eius consortis"[567]

ii)         JEANNE m JEAN de Lévis Seigneur de Mirepoix, son of ---. 

b)         MATHE m CENTULE [IV] Comte d´Astarac, son of AMANIEU Comte d´Astarac & his wife Cécile de Comminges. 

2.         MASCAROSE .  The marriage contract of "madame Masquerose fille du visconte de Fezensaguet et Brulles" and "Gitard fils de messire Amanieu sire d´Albret" is dated 21 May 1321[568]m (contract 21 May 1321) as his first wife, GUITARD d´Albret Seigneur de Verteuil Vicomte de Tartas, son of AMANIEU [VII] Sire d´Albret & his wife Rose de Bourg (-1338). 

Gaston & his second wife had one child: 

3.         MATHE m RAYMOND ROGER de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans, son of ---. 

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS (COMTES) de l´ISLE-JOURDAIN

 

 

L´Isle Jourdain is a town located due west of the city of Toulouse in the part of eastern Gascony which fell under the suzerainty of the comtes de Toulouse, along with the vicomté of Gimois, the part of the vicomté of Fezensaguet which lay on the right bank of the river Arrats, le pays de Verdun, and the châtellenies de Muret et de Samatan[569].  The seigneurie de l´Isle-Jourdain was elevated to a county in the 1340s by Philippe VI King of France. 

 

 

1.         ODON RAYMOND (-after 1060)Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain {Gers}.  "Raimundus Ato" donated "ecclesia…in territorio Tholosano in termino de Bocona, in villa…Luciano" to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Aug 1048, signed by "Raimundo Atone et filiis suis, Arnaldo comite et filio suo Rogerio, Bernardo episcopo fratre suo, Bernardo Ottone comite, Amelio Raimundi…"[570].  A charter of the abbey of Mas-Grenier dated 1060 is subscribed by "Atto-Raymundus de Yla, Willelmus, Willem-Bernard de Yla…"[571]m ([1030/50]) EMMA de Toulouse, daughter of GUILLAUME III Comte de Toulouse & his wife --- ([1010/30]-).  The Vita Sancti Bertrandi names "Ato Raymundus…oriundus e castello Ictio…castrum…Insula" and "filia…Vileumi comitis Tholosæ…cognomine…Scindens-ferrum" as the parents of "Bertrandus"[572].  A later passage in the same source adds that "Bertrandus" was "domni Vileumi [Bernardi]…archiepiscopi Auxitanæ sedis nepotis" and that "mater…germana…Vileumi Bernardi archiepiscopi Auxitani"[573].  This appears to contradict the earlier passage and it is assumed that it is meant to refer to Bertrand´s paternal rather than maternal family.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that this daughter was born either from Comte Guillaume´s first or second marriage[574].  However, her son Bertrand was installed as bishop of Comminges in [1073] and died in 1123.  This is unlikely to place his birth much earlier than [1140/50].  If that is correct, his mother would have been born in [1010/30].  This would be much later than Comte Guillaume´s other known children by his second marriage.  If she was indeed Comte Guillaume´s daughter, it seems more likely that she was illegitimate.  She is named "Emme de Toulouse" by Père Anselme[575].  According to the Histoire Générale de Languedoc, this is the only supposed reference to her name, which is in fact not known[576].  According to another volume in the same series, she was named "Gervaise" and the daughter of "Raimond-Taillefer comte de Toulouse" (no primary source reference cited)[577].  It is not known to whom "Raimond-Taillefer comte de Toulouse" may refer, but it would be chronologically impossible for Odon Raymond´s wife to have been the daughter of Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse.  Odon Raymond & his wife had two children: 

a)         JOURDAIN [I] (-1132).  Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdainm --- de Muret, daughter of GEOFFROY Seigneur de Muret & his wife ---.  Catel remarks that Jordain Seigneur de l´Isle, son of Odon Raymond and his wife, married "la fille de Geoffroy Seigneur de Muret, ainsi que je trouve remarqué par le Sieur de Beloy dans l´un de ses plaidoyez"[578].  The primary source on which this is based has not yet been traced. 

b)         BERTRAND (-16 Oct 1123).  The Vita Sancti Bertrandi names "Ato Raymundus…oriundus e castello Ictio…castrum…Insula" and "filia…Vileumi comitis Tholosæ…cognomine…Scindens-ferrum" as the parents of "Bertrandus"[579].  Archdeacon of Toulouse Saint-Etienne.  Bishop of Comminges [1073].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc includes a brief biography[580]

 

2.         BERNARD [I] (-after 1132). 

 

3.         JOURDAIN [II] (-after 1161).  “Jordanus de Insula” donated property to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 1152[581].  “Jordanus de Insula, filius eius Jordanus et Guillelmus de Montepessulano monachus Grandis-silvæ” witnessed a donation of property to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 10 Oct 1161[582]m ESCARONNE de Terrides  {near Labourgade, Tarn-et-Garonne}, daughter of GAUTHIER Seigneur de Terrides & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Jourdain [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOURDAIN [III] (-[Sep 1200/1204]).  “Jordanus de Insula, filius eius Jordanus et Guillelmus de Montepessulano monachus Grandis-silvæ” witnessed a donation of property to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 10 Oct 1161[583].  "Jordanus de cha Isla et Bernardus de Astafort" are named as fiduciaries in a charter dated 1179 which records the donation of property by "Willelmo Raimundo de Goz" to Gimont[584].  “Jordanus de Insula filius Squarroniæ” confirmed donations of property by “Jordano de Insula patre suo et Squarronia matre sua“ to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 17 Oct 1189[585].  "Bernardus comes de Cominge, filius sororis comitis Tolosæ" and "Jordano domino de Isla, et Jordanus de Isla cum eo" agreed peace by charter dated Jan 1191[586].  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "uxori meae Esclarmondae" and "filiae meae Escaroniae et viro suo Raterio…filiae meae Obicae et viro suo Pelfort…tres filios meos…Bernardum Jordanum…Jordanum…et Otonem Bernardi" and "filiam meam Philippam" over whom he appointed Bernard Jourdain as guardian, and bequeathed "castrum de Verfeuil...castrum de Valeta...castrum de Tilio et...castrum de Cambiaco et...Bris et...Launaco" to his son Jourdain, and "castrum Delgrez...castrum de Pelaport" to his son Othon[587].  He inherited part of the vicomté de Gimois from his mother.  He was already dead 13 Apr 1205, when his sons Bernard Jourdain and Jourdain signed an agreement with the consuls of Toulouse[588]m ESCLARMONDE de Foix, daughter of ROGER BERNARD [I] "el Gordo" Comte de Foix & his wife Cécile de Béziers ([1160/70]-after 1215).  "Rogerius Bernardi...comes Fuxi" names "bonæ memorie dominus Raymundus Rogerii pater noster...etiam comes Fuxi" in a charter dated 15 Mar 1199, witnessed by "...Esclarmunda soror comitis Fuxensis..."[589].  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "uxori meae Esclarmondae"[590].  "Esclarmunda soror...comitis Fuxi Ra. Rogerii" donated property to "sanctæ Mariæ de Bolbona" by charter dated 1201[591].  She was known as "la Grande Esclarmonde", a famous Catharist "parfaite", as shown by the charter dated 21 Apr 1244 in which "Berengarius d'Avelanet" charged with inquiring into heresies swore that "apud Fanojovis {Fanjaux, Aude} ...Esclarmunda, soror Raimundi Rogerii comitis Fuxensis, avi istius comitis Fuxensis uxor Jordani de Insula" had welcomed heretics[592]Jourdain [II] & his wife had six children : 

i)          ESCARONNE .  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "filiae meae Escaroniae et viro suo Raterio…"[593]m (before Sep 1200) RATHER, son of ---. 

ii)         OBICA .  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "…filiae meae Obicae et viro suo Pelfort…"[594].  She was a Catharist, as were her own daughters: "Peregrina uxor quondam Willelmi Gasc, que fuit domicella uxoris Comitis Tholose sororis Regis Aragonum" swore that she had welcomed heretics "apud Rabastenx"[595]m PELFORT de Rabastens, son of ---. 

iii)        BERNARD JOURDAIN (-1227 or after).  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "…tres filios meos…Bernardum Jordanum…Jordanum…et Otonem Bernardi"[596]

-         see below

iv)       JOURDAIN (-after 13 Apr 1204).  "Bernardus comes de Cominge, filius sororis comitis Tolosæ" and "Jordano domino de Isla, et Jordanus de Isla cum eo" agreed peace by charter dated Jan 1191[597].  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "…tres filios meos…Bernardum Jordanum…Jordanum…et Otonem Bernardi", and bequeathed "castrum de Verfeuil...castrum de Valeta...castrum de Tilio et...castrum de Cambiaco et...Bris et...Launaco" to his son Jourdain[598].  "Bernardus Jordanus et Jordanus de Ynsula frater eius filii Jordani de Ynsula" agreed peace with the consuls of Toulouse by charter dated 13 Apr 1204[599]

v)        OTHON (-before 14 May 1258).  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "…tres filios meos…Bernardum Jordanum…Jordanum…et Otonem Bernardi" and bequeathed "castrum Delgrez...castrum de Pelaport" to his son Othon[600]A charter dated 14 May 1258 records that "dominus Oto de Tarrida frater quondam domini Bernardi Jordani de Insula" appointed "Raimundum Jordanum filium suum" as his heir and, in default, "domino Insule Jordani"[601].  A charter dated 22 Apr 1259 records disputes between "dominum Jordanum dominum Insule" and "dominum Isarnum Jordani...ac dominum Bernardum de Astafort" about the inheritance of "quondam Raimundi Jordani eorum consanguinei et quondam Othonis de Tarrida ipsorum avunculi"[602]m HELIE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the testament of her son "Raimundus Jordanus de Insula, filius quondam Odonis de Terrida", dated 15 Aug 1256, which bequeathes property to "..domine Helys matri sue..."[603]Othon & his wife had children: 

(a)       RAYMOND JOURDAIN (-[15 Aug 1256/22 Apr 1259], bur Grandselve).  The testament of "Raimundus Jordanus de Insula, filius quondam Odonis de Terrida", dated 15 Aug 1256, chooses burial at Grandselve, bequeathes property to "fratribus suis Garsie et Bernardo...Bertrando suo filio...domine Helys matri sue...sue uxori domine Guillelme...Odoni de Terrida suo nepoti, filio domine Alpays sororis sue et Bernardi de Astafort mariti sui...filiabus dicte domine Alpays et Bernardi de Astafort"[604].  A charter dated 22 Apr 1259 records disputes between "dominum Jordanum dominum Insule" and "dominum Isarnum Jordani...ac dominum Bernardum de Astafort" about the inheritance of "quondam Raimundi Jordani eorum consanguinei et quondam Othonis de Tarrida ipsorum avunculi"[605]m GUILLELME, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the testament of her husband "Raimundus Jordanus de Insula, filius quondam Odonis de Terrida", dated 15 Aug 1256, which bequeathes property to "...sue uxori domine Guillelme..."[606].  Raymond Jourdain & his wife had one child: 

(1)       BERTRAND (-[15 Aug 1256/22 Apr 1259]).  His parentage is confirmed by the testament of his father "Raimundus Jordanus de Insula, filius quondam Odonis de Terrida", dated 15 Aug 1256, which bequeathes property to "...Bertrando suo filio..."[607].  It is assumed that Bertrand predeceased his father as he is not named in the various documents relating to the disputes about his father´s succession. 

(b)       GARCIA (-[15 Aug 1256/22 Apr 1259]).  His parentage is confirmed by the testament of his brother "Raimundus Jordanus de Insula, filius quondam Odonis de Terrida", dated 15 Aug 1256, which bequeathes property to "fratribus suis Garsie et Bernardo..."[608].  It is assumed that Garcia and Bernard predeceased their brother as they are not named in the various documents relating to the disputes about their brother´s succession. 

(c)       BERNARD (-[15 Aug 1256/22 Apr 1259]).  His parentage is confirmed by the testament of his brother "Raimundus Jordanus de Insula, filius quondam Odonis de Terrida", dated 15 Aug 1256, which bequeathes property to "fratribus suis Garsie et Bernardo..."[609].  It is assumed that Garcia and Bernard predeceased their brother as they are not named in the various documents relating to the disputes about their brother´s succession. 

(d)       ALPAIS .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of her brother "Raimundus Jordanus de Insula, filius quondam Odonis de Terrida", dated 15 Aug 1256, which bequeathes property to "..Odoni de Terrida suo nepoti, filio domine Alpays sororis sue et Bernardi de Astafort mariti sui...filiabus dicte domine Alpays et Bernardi de Astafort"[610].  A charter dated 22 Apr 1259 records disputes between "dominum Jordanum dominum Insule" and "dominum Isarnum Jordani...ac dominum Bernardum de Astafort" about the inheritance of "quondam Raimundi Jordani eorum consanguinei et quondam Othonis de Tarrida ipsorum avunculi"[611]m BERNARD d´Astafort, son of ---. 

vi)       PHILIPPA .  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "filiam meam Philippam" over whom he appointed Bernard Jourdain as guardian[612]

 

4.         BERNARD de l´Isle (-after 1162).  m AGNES de Boet, daughter of ---.  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1162 under which "Azemario de Boed et Agnete sorore eius et Bernardo de cha Isla marito eius" donated property "citra…et ultra Gemonam" [Gimone] to Gimont[613]

 

5.         PIERRE de l´Isle (-after 1181).  "Petrus de Insula" granted rights in the parish of "Sancti Petri de cha Mazera" to Gimont by charter dated 1162[614].  “Petrus de Insula” donated property “in territorio de Vetula-aqua“ and territory acquired by "sorore mea Sibilia" to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated Feb 1162[615].  “Petrus de Insula” donated property “in honore de Mauranvilla“ to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 27 Jun 1174[616].  "Petro de cha Isla et Bosone fratre eius" donated property to Gimont by charter dated 1176[617].  "Petro de cha Isla et Viverna et Bosone nepotibus eius" donated rights "in territorio de Cabiran et d´Avenzac" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[618]m ---.  The name of Pierre´s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         GERAUD (-after 13 Aug 1187).  “Geraldus de Insula filius Petri de Insula” donated property to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 13 Aug 1187[619]

6.         BOSON  (-after 1176).  "Petro de cha Isla et Bosone fratre eius" donated property to Gimont by charter dated 1176[620]

7.         --- .  m ---.  Two children: 

a)         VIVERN .  "Petro de cha Isla et Viverna et Bosone nepotibus eius" donated rights "in territorio de Cabiran et d´Avenzac" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[621]

b)         BOSON .  "Petro de cha Isla et Viverna et Bosone nepotibus eius" donated rights "in territorio de Cabiran et d´Avenzac" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[622]

8.         SIBYLLE .  “Petrus de Insula” donated property “in territorio de Vetula-aqua“ and territory acquired by "sorore mea Sibilia" to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated Feb 1162[623]

 

9.         OTHON (-after 1171).  “Odo de Insula et India uxor” donated property, for the soul of “Arnaldi Gausberti“, to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 1171[624].  “Odo de Insula” donated property to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 26 Sep 1179[625]m INDIA, daughter of --- (-after 1171).  “Odo de Insula et India uxor” donated property, for the soul of “Arnaldi Gausberti“, to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 1171[626]

 

10.      RAYMOND de l´Isle (-after 1169).  "Yspano de Maurencs et Raimundo de cha Isla et Gualdris uxore eius et Arnaldo Willelmo filio illorum" confirmed the donations made by "Odo de Maurencs" to Gimont by charter dated 10 Aug 1161[627].  "Raimundo de cha Isla et Galdriz uxor eius…et Vitali de Julas" donated half of "decimarum…ecclesie de Julas" to Gimont by charter dated 1167[628].  "Raimundus [de cha Isla]…na Galdriz uxor eius" donated property to Gimont by charter dated 1169, the dating clause of which names "Bernardo comite de Armagnac" (presumably indicating the suzerain of the territory)[629]m GALDRIZ, daughter of --- [de Juilles] & his wife --- (-after 1169).  "Yspano de Maurencs et Raimundo de cha Isla et Gualdris uxore eius et Arnaldo Willelmo filio illorum" confirmed the donations made by "Odo de Maurencs" to Gimont by charter dated 10 Aug 1161[630].  "Raimundus [de cha Isla]…na Galdriz uxor eius" donated property to Gimont by charter dated 1169[631].  "Raimundo de cha Isla et Galdriz uxor eius…et Vitali de Julas" donated half of "decimarum…ecclesie de Julas" to Gimont by charter dated 1167[632].  This donation, together with the name of the couple´s son, suggests that Galdriz was related to Vital de Julas.  Raymond & his wife had two children: 

a)         ARNAUD GUILLAUME (-after 10 Aug 1161).  "Yspano de Maurencs et Raimundo de cha Isla et Gualdris uxore eius et Arnaldo Willelmo filio illorum" confirmed the donations made by "Odo de Maurencs" to Gimont by charter dated 10 Aug 1161[633]

b)         VITAL (-after 7 Mar 1188).  “Vitalis de Insula filius Raimundi de Insula” donated property to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 7 Mar 1188[634]

11.      daughter .  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1195 under which her sons "Giraldo de Sancto-Geraldo et Raimundo de cha Isla fratre eius" confirmed the donations to Gimont by "Raimundo de cha Isla eorum avunculo"[635]m DODON de Semedias .  Dodon & his wife had three children:

a)         GERAUD de Saint-Giraud (-after 1195).  "Giraldo de Sent-Guiralt et Raimundo de cha Isla fratre eius" confirmed the donations to Gimont by "Dodo de Semedias pater eorum" by charter dated 1185[636]"Na Trona et Giraldo de cha Isla et Raimundo fratribus eius, et Arnaldo Willelmo qui vocatur Escobo, pred. Tronæ marito" donated their rights in "ecclesia de cha Mazera" to Gimont by charter dated 1188[637].  "Giraldo de Sancto-Geraldo et Raimundo de cha Isla fratre eius" confirmed the donations to Gimont by "Raimundo de cha Isla eorum avunculo" by charter dated 1195[638]

b)         RAYMOND de l´Isle (-after 1195).  "Giraldo de Sent-Guiralt et Raimundo de cha Isla fratre eius" confirmed the donations to Gimont by "Dodo de Semedias pater eorum" by charter dated 1185[639]"Na Trona et Giraldo de cha Isla et Raimundo fratribus eius, et Arnaldo Willelmo qui vocatur Escobo, pred. Tronæ marito" donated their rights in "ecclesia de cha Mazera" to Gimont by charter dated 1188[640].  "Giraldo de Sancto-Geraldo et Raimundo de cha Isla fratre eius" confirmed the donations to Gimont by "Raimundo de cha Isla eorum avunculo" by charter dated 1195[641]

c)         TRONE de l´Isle (-after 1188).  "Na Trona et Giraldo de cha Isla et Raimundo fratribus eius, et Arnaldo Willelmo qui vocatur Escobo, pred. Tronæ marito" donated their rights in "ecclesia de cha Mazera" to Gimont by charter dated 1188[642]m ARNAUD GUILLAUME Escobo, son of --- (-after 1188). 

 

12.      RAYMOND (-after Jan 1230).  A charter dated Jan 1230 records the grant of property by "Raymundus de Insula" to "Bernardo Jordano, filio D. Bernardi de Insula"[643]

 

13.      PIERRE (-after 6 May 1224).  "...Petrus de Insula..." witnessed the contract of marriage between "Bernardum Convenarum, filius D. Bernardi Convenarum comitis" and "Sezeliæ...sorori D. Rogeri Bernardi comitis Fuxi" dated 6 May 1224[644]

 

 

BERNARD JOURDAIN [I] de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [III] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Esclarmonde de Foix (-after 2 Mar 1229, bur Abbaye de Grandselve).  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "…tres filios meos…Bernardum Jordanum…Jordanum…et Otonem Bernardi"[645].  "Bernardus Jordanus et Jordanus de Ynsula frater eius filii Jordani de Ynsula" agreed peace with the consuls of Toulouse by charter dated 13 Apr 1204[646].  "...Bernardo Jordani de Insula..." witnessed the charter dated 8 Jun 1216 under which "Girardus comes Fezenciaci et Armeniaci" swore homage to "domino Symone comite Montisfortis" for the counties of Fezensac and Armagnac and the vicomté of Fezensaguet[647].  The testament of "Bernardus Jordanus, filius Jordani de Insula" is dated 2 Mar 1229, on his deathbed, in the presence of "uxoris meæ D. Endiæ", elects burial at "domui Grandis-silvæ", bequeathes "villam Insulæ, et Merenvillam et Castellare" to "meo filio Bernardo Jordano", "Monte-acutem et Legamium et...in Gimoes et ultra flumen Garonæ de parte Tolosana" to "filio meo Jordano" and refers to the unborn child of his wife[648].  A manuscript chronicle records the testament dated 1227 of "Bernardus Jordani de Insula miles" which appointed "Jordanum filium suum" as his heir[649]

m (11 Feb 1207 or before) as her second husband, INDIA de Toulouse, widow of GUILABERT de Lautrec, illegitimate daughter of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his mistress --- (-after 2 Mar 1228).  The marriage contract of "Petrus Ermengavus de Lautrico…Guilabertum filium meum" and "Indiæ sorori…D. comitis Tolosæ" by charter dated 1203 in the presence of "eiusdem D. Raymundi comitis"[650].  A charter dated 11 Feb 1207 confirms the marriage of "D. N. Bernardus Jordanus de Insula" and "India", witnessed by "Bernardus comes Convenarum…Jordanus frater Bernardi Jordani"[651].  The co-identity with the widow of Guilabert is confirmed by a charter dated Jan 1211 which notes that "D. India soror D. comitis Tolosæ" reached agreement with "Ugoni Ermengavo filio Petri Ermengavi de Lautreg" about her dowry, naming "Guilaberto suo marito", with the agreement of "Bernardi Jordani de Insula sui mariti"[652].  A charter dated 1209 notes that "D. Raymundus…dux Narbonæ, comes Tolosæ" absolved "Aymerico de Castro-novo et D. Castellanæ filiæ eius, et Ugoni Ermengavo marito ipsius D. Castellanæ" from payment of the dowry for "dominam Indiam sororem eius, quondam uxorem Guilaberti, filii Petri Eremengavi de Lautrico"[653]

Bernard Jourdain & his wife had four children: 

1.         BERNARD JOURDAIN [II] (-1240).  The testament of "Bernardus Jordanus, filius Jordani de Insula" is dated 2 Mar 1229, on his deathbed, and bequeathes "villam Insulæ, et Merenvillam et Castellare" to "meo filio Bernardo Jordano"[654].  A manuscript chronicle records the testament dated 1227 of "Bernardus Jordani de Insula miles" which appointed "Jordanum filium suum" as his heir[655].  A charter dated Jan 1230 records the grant of property by "Raymundus de Insula" to "Bernardo Jordano, filio D. Bernardi de Insula"[656].  A manuscript chronicle records the testament dated 1240 of "Bernardus Jordani de Insula miles" which appointed "Jordanum filium suum" as his heir[657]m (contract Jun 1221, 1225) MASCAROSE de Maristain, daughter of BERNARD de Maristain & his wife Alasaicia ---.  The contract for the marriage of "unam de filiabus...Mascarosam" of "Bernardus de Marestagno et D. Alasaicia uxor eius" and "Bernardo-Jordano filio...D. Bernardi de Insula", when she reached marital age, is dated Jun 1221[658].  A manuscript chronicle records the marriage in 1225 of "Jordanus filius Jordani de Insula" and "N. filiam Bernardi de Maristagno", adding that the dowry was "Insulam, Launiacum, etc"[659].  Bernard Jourdain [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         JOURDAIN [IV] (-1271).  A manuscript chronicle records the testament dated 1240 of "Bernardus Jordani de Insula miles" which appointed "Jordanum filium suum" as his heir[660]A charter dated 22 Apr 1259 records disputes between "dominum Jordanum dominum Insule" and "dominum Isarnum Jordani...ac dominum Bernardum de Astafort" about the inheritance of "quondam Raimundi Jordani eorum consanguinei et quondam Othonis de Tarrida ipsorum avunculi"[661]m as her second husband, VACQUERIE Adémar de Monteil, widow of PIERRE Vicomte de Lautrec, daughter of LAMBERT Adémar de Monteil {now Montélimar, Drôme} Seigneur de Lombers & his wife Bérengère de Lautrec[662].  A charter dated 2 Oct 1271 records disputes between "dominam Vacqueriam uxorem...domini Jordani de Insula" and "dominos Bertrandum et Amalricum fratres, vicecomites Lautricenses" about the dowry of the former for her marriage to "dominum Petrum quondam vicecomitem Lautricensem, virum suum quondam dicte domine Vacquerie" whose heirs were the latter brothers[663]Jourdain [IV] & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEANNE de l'Isle-Jourdain (-before 1342)m AMALRIC [II] Vicomte de Narbonne, son of AIMERY [IV] Vicomte de Narbonne & his wife Sibylle de Foix (-1328). 

ii)         JAMBURGE de l´Isle-Jourdain .  Her first marriage is confirmed by a manuscript chronicle which records the marriage in 1309 of "Bernardus filius Bernardi comitis Astarici" and "D. Augustam filiam Galterii de Fossato militis D. de Bramebac, et D. Jamburgæ de Insula", adding that her dowry was "D. marchas argenti"[664].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  m firstly GAUTHIER du Fossat Seigneur de Bramevaque, son of ---.  m secondly as his second wife, BERNARD [IV] Comte d´Astarac, son of CENTULE [III] Comte d´Astarac & his wife Assalide d´Albret (-after 1326).  Gauthier & his wife had one child: 

(a)       AUGUSTA de Fossat .  A manuscript chronicle records the marriage in 1309 of "Bernardus filius Bernardi comitis Astarici" and "D. Augustam filiam Galterii de Fossato militis D. de Bramebac, et D. Jamburgæ de Insula", adding that her dowry was "D. marchas argenti"[665]m (1309) BERNARD d´Astarac, son of BERNARD Comte d´Astarac & his first wife ---. 

b)         ALPAISA charter dated 20 Oct 1265 records disputes between "dominam Alpays quondam filiam domini Bernardi Jordani de Insula et dominum Arnaldum de Monteacuto" and "Jordanum de Insula"[666]m ARNAUD de Montaigu, son of ---. 

2.         JOURDAIN (-after Jan 1285).  The testament of "Bernardus Jordanus, filius Jordani de Insula" is dated 2 Mar 1229, on his deathbed, and bequeathes "Monte-acutem et Legamium et...in Gimoes et ultra flumen Garonæ de parte Tolosana" to "filio meo Jordano"[667]A charter dated 20 Oct 1265 records disputes between "dominam Alpays quondam filiam domini Bernardi Jordani de Insula et dominum Arnaldum de Monteacuto" and "Jordanum de Insula"[668].  A charter dated 5 Nov 1265 records disputes between "dominam Alpays filiam quondam...domini Jordani de Insula" and "dominum Jordanum de Insula patruum suum"[669].  "Jordanus de Insula Jordani" appointed "domini Bertrandi de Insula, prepositi ecclesie Tolosane, domini pape capellani, fratris sui" as his attorney before leaving for Apulia, by charter dated 29 Jan 1267[670]m FAYDITE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 15 Jun 1271 which records the receipt by "domina India filia...domini Jordani, domini Insule", with the consent of "domini Bertrandi de Calvomonte...viri sui", of her dowry from "dominus Jordanus de Insula pater eius...et domine Fayside matris dicte India"[671].  Jourdain & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOURDAIN [V] (-[1299/1304]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Seigneur [Comte] de l´Isle-Jourdain

-        see below

b)         ARNAUD (-after 1297).  A manuscript chronicle records that "Arnaldus de Insula, frater Jordani comitis" was appointed "senescallus comitatus de Insula" in 1293, adding that his brother invested him with "terram sanctæ Liberatæ" in 1297[672]

c)         INDIA A charter dated 15 Jun 1271 records the receipt by "domina India filia...domini Jordani, domini Insule", with the consent of "domini Bertrandi de Calvomonte...viri sui", of her dowry from "dominus Jordanus de Insula pater eius...et domine Fayside matris dicte India"[673]m (before 15 Jun 1271) BERTRAND de Caumont, son of --- (-before 1314). 

3.         BERTRAND (-31 Jan 1285, bur Toulouse Saint-Etienne).  "Jordanus de Insula Jordani" appointed "domini Bertrandi de Insula, prepositi ecclesie Tolosane, domini pape capellani, fratris sui" as his attorney before leaving for Apulia, by charter dated 29 Jan 1267[674].  The testament of Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse, dated 23 Jun 1270, was witnessed by "...Bertrandus de Insula prepositus ecclesie Tholosane..."[675].  Bishop of Toulouse 1270.  A list of Bishops of Toulouse compiled by Bernard Guidonis records that "Bertrandus de Insula, præpositus ecclesiæ Tolosanæ" was named bishop in 1270 "in vigilia sancti Thomæ apostoli", died 31 Jan 1285 "in Balmario loco" and was buried "in ecclesia cathedrali Sancti Stephani Tholosæ"[676]

4.         child (after 2 Mar 1229-).  The testament of "Bernardus Jordanus, filius Jordani de Insula" is dated 2 Mar 1229, on his deathbed, and refers to the unborn child of his wife[677]

 

 

JOURDAIN [V] de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Faydite --- (-[1299/1304]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Seigneur [Comte] de l´Isle-Jourdain

m (contract 15 Dec 1270) GUILLELME de Durfort, daughter of RAYMOND BERNARD de Durfort & his wife Condors de Turenne[678] (-1304).  A manuscript chronicle records that "Guillelma de Duroforti relicta D. Jordani comitis Insulæ" appointed "Bernardum-Jordani filium suum" as her heir on her deathbed in 1304[679]

Jourdain [V] & his wife had four children: 

1.         BERNARD JOURDAIN [III] (-1340).  A manuscript chronicle records that "Jordanus de Insula" granted "vice-comitatum Gimontis" to "Bernardo-Jordani filio suo" in 1299[680].  Vicomte de Gimont. 

-        see below

2.         FAYDITE .  A manuscript chronicle records the marriage in 1300 of "D. Ermengaudus comes Orgelii" and "D. Fayditam filiam D. Jordani comitis Insulæ et D. Guillelmæ de Duroforti", adding that her dowry was "V.M.D. regalium Tolosanorum"[681]m as his second wife, ARMENGOL X Conde de Urgel, son of ÁLVARO II Conde de Urgel [Cabrera] & his second wife Cécile de Foix (1260-Jul 1314). 

3.         JOURDAIN (-1323).  Seigneur de Cazaubon.  The Continuatio of the Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records that "Jordanus dictus de Insula inter Vascones nobilis valde genere" was accused of crimes before the king´s court in 1323, adding that he had married the niece of Pope John XXII[682].  The Continuation of the Chronicle of Jean de Saint-Victor records that "Jourdain de Lisle" married "la nièce du pape Jehan"[683].  The alleged relationship between Jourdain´s wife and Pope John XXII has not been traced.  According to the NNDB, Pope John was born "Jacques Duèse" in Cahors in 1249 "either of a family of petty nobility or...well-to-do middle-class parents, and was not, as has been popularly supposed, the son of a shoemaker"[684].  King Edward II granted “castra de Casaubone, de Montegalhardo et de Duplo...quam tenebat...quondam Jordanus de Insula germanus suus” to “Bernardi Jordani domini de Insula militis familiaris nostri” by charter dated 12 Oct 1323[685]m (1299) as her first husband, CATHERINE de Grailly, daughter of [PIERRE [I] de Grailly & his [first wife Talese de Bouville] (before 20 Jul 1333).  A manuscript chronicle records the marriage in 1299 of "Jordanus de Insula" and "Catharinam filiam D. Joannis de Grailliaco militis" who appointed her as his heir[686].  If Catherine´s parentage is correct as stated in this source, she must have been considerably younger than her supposed brother Pierre [I], which would suggest that she was born from a different marriage.  However, another source provides an alternative parentage for Catherine: a charter dated 20 Jul 1333 records that "messire P. de Grelly" requested the part of "Catherine sa sœur sur Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron" from the seneschal d´Agenois[687].  This, read together with Catherine´s testament, in which she leaves this property to "messire P. de Grelly et Jehan son fils" (see below) indicates that she must have been the daughter of Pierre [I] de Grailly.  Dame de Saint Bazeille: "Messire Jourdain de Lisle" donated "Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron" to "dame Catherine de Grelly sa femme" by charter dated 7 Nov 1312[688].  She married secondly (1326) as his second wife, Arnaud de Durfort Seigneur de Bajamont.  Edward II King of England wrote to “Arnaldi de Duro Forti militis” regarding his marriage to “Katerinam dominam de Sancta Basilica quondam uxorem Jordani de Insula” by charter dated 25 Feb 1326[689].  The testament of "Catherine de Grelly", published 20 Jul 1333, appoints "messire P. de Grelly et Jehan son fils" as her heirs in "Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron"[690]

4.         BERTRAND (-before 1 Sep 1307)m as her first husband, ASSALIDE de Bordeaux, dame de Puy-Paulin, Captalesse de Buch, daughter of PIERRE [V] de Bordeaux & his wife Comtor --- (-1328).  She married secondly (1 Sep 1307) as his first wife, Pierre [II] de Grailly.  She was heiress of her brother Pierre [VI] de Bordeaux (who was the first husband of Jeanne de Périgord, probable daughter of Hélie [IX] Comte de Périgord).  Testified 2 Apr 1328[691]

 

 

BERNARD JOURDAIN [III] de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [V] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Guillelme de Durfort (-21 Oct 1340).  A manuscript chronicle records that "Jordanus de Insula" granted "vice-comitatum Gimontis" to "Bernardo-Jordani filio suo" in 1299[692]King Edward II granted “castra de Casaubone, de Montegalhardo et de Duplo...quam tenebat...quondam Jordanus de Insula germanus suus” to “Bernardi Jordani domini de Insula militis familiaris nostri” by charter dated 12 Oct 1323[693]Vicomte de Gimont. 

m firstly (30 Nov 1291) MARGUERITE de Foix, daughter of ROGER BERNARD [III] Comte de Foix & his wife Marguerite de Béarn (-1304).  m secondly (before 26 Nov 1324) BERENGUELA de Montcada, daughter of ---. 

m thirdly ([Dec 1339]) SEDILLE de Durfort, daughter of ARNAUD de Durfort & his wife --- (-after 1379). 

Bernard Jourdain [III] & his first wife had five children: 

1.         BERTRAND [I] (-[26 Jun 1348/4 Feb 1349]).  He was invested as Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain by Philippe VI King of France.  m (1328) ISABELLE de Lévis Dame de Sessac, daughter of EUSTACHE de Lévis Seigneur de Florensac et de Saissac & his wife Beatrix de Thury-Saissac[694] (-after Dec 1362, bur Azihan).  Bertrand [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN JOURDAIN [I] (-1365).  He succeeded his father as Comte de l´Isle-Jourdainm (contract 8 Jul 1350) JEANNE d´Albret, daughter of BERNARD EZI Seigneur d´Albret & his second wife Mathe d´Armagnac (-1359 or before).  Jean Jourdain [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          BERNARD EZI de l´Isle-Jourdain (-young). 

ii)         BERTRAND [II] de l´Isle-Jourdain (-after 29 Jun 1369).  He succeeded his father as Comte de l´Isle-Jourdainm as her first husband, ELEONORE de Comminges, daughter of PIERRE RAYMOND [II] Comte de Comminges & his wife Jeanne de Comminges (-after 1378).  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, confirmed the dowry of "dominæ Elienardi de Convenis filiæ suæ uxori domini Johannis de Bolonha" from her marriage to "Bertrando comite Insulæ eius primo marito"[695].  She married secondly (contract Compiègne 11 Aug 1373) Jean [II] d´Auvergne, who succeeded his father in 1386 as Duke of Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne. 

2.         GASTON de l´Isle-Jourdain

3.         JEAN JOURDAIN [II] (-1375).  Seigneur de Clermont Sousbiran.  He succeeded his great nephew as Comte de l´Isle-Jourdainm as her second husband, INDIE de Durfort, widow of ROGER de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD de Durfort Seigneur de Flamarens et de Clermont-Dessus & his wife Régine de Goth[696] (-after 1365).  Jean Jourdain [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN JOURDAIN [III] (-after Feb 1411).  He succeeded his father as Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain.  A manuscript chronicle records that "D. Joannes Jordani de Insula" swore allegiance for "villis suis de Launaco, de Gallabranno etc" to the French king in 1389[697].  He sold the county of Isle-Jourdain in 1405, with the consent of his nephew Hugues de Carmain, to Jean de Bourbon Comte de Clermont[698]m firstly (separated 1384) as her second husband, CECILE d´Astarac, widow of RAYMOND BERNARD de Durfort, daughter of CENTULE [IV] Comte d´Astarac & his wife Mathe d´Armagnac-Fezensaguet (-after 20 Jul 1392).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 12 Nov 1396) ISABELLE de Lévis, daughter of GASTON [II] de Lévis Seigneur de Léran & his wife Jeanne de Rochefort[699]m thirdly MARGUERITE de Terrides, daughter of --- (-after Feb 1411).  Jean Jourdain [III] & his first wife had one child: 

i)          son (-in prison). 

4.         MATHE de l'Isle-Jourdain m as his third wife, BERNARD [VIII] Comte de Comminges, son of BERNARD [VII] Comte de Comminges & his wife Laure de Montfort (-after 26 Mar 1336). 

5.         MARGUERITE de l´Isle-Jourdainm ARNAUD d´Euse Vicomte de Carmain, nephew of Pope John XXII, son of ---. 

Bernard Jourdain [III] & his third wife had one child: 

6.         INDIE de l´Isle-Jourdain (posthumously [1340/41]-[10 May 1398/28 Dec 1408]).  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage but does not cite the corresponding primary source[700]m (before 1369) JEAN de Mortemer Seigneur de Couhé, son of GEOFFREY de Mortimer & his wife [Jeanne de Lezay] (-after 1369). 

 

 

1.         BERTRAND de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of --- (-before May 1401)m ROSE d´Albret, daughter of BERARD d´Albret & his wife Guiraude de Gironde (-after May 1401).  An arrêt of the parliament of Paris dated May 1401 records that "Jehan Jourdain de Lisle visconte de Lisle" was ordered to pay compensation to "dame Roze d´Albret" in respect of a third part of the succession of "feu Loys de Lisle, fils de la ditte Rouse"[701].  Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOUIS de l´Isle-Jourdain (-before May 1401).  An arrêt of the parliament of Paris dated May 1401 records that "Jehan Jourdain de Lisle visconte de Lisle" was ordered to pay compensation to "dame Roze d´Albret" in respect of a third part of the succession of "feu Loys de Lisle, fils de la ditte Rouse"[702]

 

 

 

F.      VICOMTES de MAUVEZIN

 

 

Mauvezin is located in the east of the present-day French département of Gers, in the eastern part of the medieval county of Armagnac on the border with the vicomté of Lomagne.  A single reference to a vicomté of Mauvezin has been found dated 1169, as shown below.  As the vicomté was located in the same territorial area as the later vicomté of Fézenzaguet (see above), one possibility is that the vicomté of Mauvezin devolved to the comtes d´Armagnac soon after the 1169 charter. 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         GUILLAUME RAYMOND (-after 1169).  Vicomte de Mauvezin.  "Willelmus Raimundus vicecomes de Malvezin et Petrus Raimundus frater eius" confirmed donations made to Gimont by charter dated 1169[703]

2.         PIERRE RAYMOND (-after 1169).  "Willelmus Raimundus vicecomes de Malvezin et Petrus Raimundus frater eius" confirmed donations made to Gimont by charter dated 1169[704]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    COMTES d'ASTARAC

 

 

A.      COMTES d´ASTARAC [920]-[1209]

 

 

The county of Astarac was created in [920] by Garcia Sancho Duke of Gascony in the northern inland area of Gascony, adjoining the county of Toulouse, as an appanage for his younger son Arnaud.  The county of Astarac lay south of the counties of Armagnac and Fezensac, west of the county of Comminges and east of the county of Bigorre.  In the present day, the area straddles the French départements of Gers and Hautes-Pyrenées.  The male line of the comtes d´Astarac died out in the late 12th century.  The county eventually passed to Comte Centule whose parentage is not known with certainty but who was probably a descendant through the female line of Bohémond Comte d´Astarac who died in [1176].  The descendants of Centule, shown in Part B. of this chapter, survived in the direct male line until the early 16th century when the county passed by marriage to the family of the comtes de Foix.  The county of Astarac appears never to have achieved the prominence of its more successful neighbour the county of Armagnac.  This is reflected in the marriages of the comital family, which were mainly with the families of the lesser Gascon nobility. 

 

 

ARNAUD Garcia, son of GARCIA [I] "le Tors/el Curvo" Sánchez Comte de Gascogne & his wife --- (-[960]).  The Codex de Roda names "Sanzio Garsias et Arnaldo Garsies ac Gilelmo Garsies, ac domna Andregoto, seu domna Acibella, seu et ---" as the children of "Garsea Sanzoz" and his unnamed wife[705].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium-Garsiam et Willelmum-Garsiam et Arnaldum-Garsiam" as the three sons of "Garsiam-Sancium Corvum", specifying that they divided Gascony between them, Arnaud Garcia receiving "Astaracum"[706].  The cartulary of Auch records that "Garsiam Sancium Curvum" had three sons "Sancium Garsiam et Guillelmum Garsiam et Arnaldum Garsiam", specifying that Sancho succeeded in Gascony, Guillaume in Fezensac, and Arnaud in Astarac[707].  "Garsias Sanctii consul filius regis Sancii" granted "Astaracensem pagum" to "Arnaldo filio meo" by charter dated to [920], signed by "Garciæ Sancii Consulis, Sancii Wilhelmi comitis filii, Salii Vivari, Sancii Amanevi, Gumbaudi, Eneci fratris eius"[708]Comte d'Astarac.  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis names "Arnaldus…cognomento…Natus" as son of "comitissa…coniux…Garsiæ Principis cognomento Curvi" who restored the convent of Condom and that he received "comitatum Astariacensem"[709]

m ---.  The name of Arnaud's wife is not known. 

Arnaud & his wife had [five] children:

1.         GUILLAUME (-[955/60]).  A charter dated to [955] records that "Faquilleno et Arremundo Dato et Guillelmo Horgulo et Garcia Horgulo et Arnaldo Horgulo" donated four churches in the diocese of Comminges to Sainte-Marie d´Auch, for their own souls and those of "suo patrem Arnaldo comito et Sancio comito et Gilelmo comito"[710]

2.         GARCIA Arnaud (-before 975).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Arnaldi et Leudebico, vel domna Girisenda" as the children of "Arnaldo Garsies" and his unnamed wife[711].  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Garsias-Arnaldi" as son of "Arnaldum-Garsiam"[712].  A charter dated to [955] records that "Faquilleno et Arremundo Dato et Guillelmo Horgulo et Garcia Horgulo et Arnaldo Horgulo" donated four churches in the diocese of Comminges to Sainte-Marie d´Auch, for their own souls and those of "suo patrem Arnaldo comito et Sancio comito et Gilelmo comito"[713]Comte d'Astarac.  "Garsi Arnaldi comitis" signed a charter dated 27 Apr [970] which records a donation to the abbey of Pessan[714].  ["Guillelmo Auriolo [comitis]" donated property to Sainte-Marie de Simorre, for the souls of "Garsi Arnaldi comitis et…Fachisanæ matris meæ et…Garsi Orollo…et Arnaldo", by charter dated to [995], signed by "Arnaldo comite, Donato Dati, Erricho Dati, Guillelmo Garsia, Leudovico, Lipomano…"[715].  As noted below, it is possible that "Fachisanæ" was the sister of Garcia Arnaud Comte d´Astarac who, if this is correct, would presumably have been "Garsi Arnaldi comitis" and his son "Arnaldo comite" named in this document.]  m ---.  The name of Garcia's wife is not known.  Garcia & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARNAUD (-[1022/23]).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Arnaldus" as son of "Garsias-Arnaldi"[716]Comte d'Astarac

-        see below

3.         LOUIS (-before [955]).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Arnaldi et Leudebico, vel domna Girisenda" as the children of "Arnaldo Garsies" and his unnamed wife[717].  If Louis was the son of Comte Arnaud Garcia, he must have died before [955] as he is not named with his other brothers in the charter of his sister. 

4.         ARNAUD (-after Mar 975).  A charter dated to [955] records that "Faquilleno et Arremundo Dato et Guillelmo Horgulo et Garcia Horgulo et Arnaldo Horgulo" donated four churches in the diocese of Comminges to Sainte-Marie d´Auch, for their own souls and those of "suo patrem Arnaldo comito et Sancio comito et Gilelmo comito"[718].  A charter dated Mar 975 names "Arnaldo de Aura, Estaracensi comite" in the dating clause[719].  Jaurgain concludes that Arnaud governed Astarac for his nephew Arnaud and that Aure passed to his sister, or her children, when he died[720]

5.         GERSENDE [Faquilo] (-30 Aug [after 955]).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Arnaldi et Leudebico, vel domna Girisenda" as the children of "Arnaldo Garsies" and his unnamed wife, stating that Gersende married "Regismundi de Bigorra"[721].  On the other hand, a charter dated to [955] records that "Faquilleno et Arremundo Dato et Guillelmo Horgulo et Garcia Horgulo et Arnaldo Horgulo" donated four churches in the diocese of Comminges to Sainte-Marie d´Auch, for their own souls and those of "suo patrem Arnaldo comito et Sancio comito et Gilelmo comito", adding that she died "III Kal Sep"[722].  It is not known whether Gersende and Faquilo were the same person, assuming a mistake in the Codex de Roda, or whether Raymond Dat Comte de Bigorre married two sisters in turn.  [According to Jaurgain, Faquilena married secondly Vicomte Auriol Dat (who he claims was the brother of her first husband)[723].  He cites no primary source on which this hypothesis is based except the charter of Sainte-Marie de Simorre, dated to [995], which records the donations by "Guillelmo Auriolo [comitis]" for the souls of "Garsi Arnaldi comitis et…Fachisanæ matris meæ et…Garsi Orollo…et Arnaldo"[724].  According to Jaurgain, Faquilo´s second husband was Auriol Dat, brother of her first husband[725].  If "Fachisana" was the sister of Garcia Arnaud Comte d´Astarac, it is likely that he is identified as "Garsi Arnaldi comitis" named in this document.  However, it is possible that Faquilena who married Auriol Dat was a different person from Faquilena who married Comte Raymond, although if this is correct the unusual name suggests that they were related.]  m [firstly] RAYMOND Comte de Bigorre, son of --- & his wife Lupa Sanchez (-[956]).  [m secondly AURIOL Dat, son of DATO & his wife --- (-after 977).] 

 

 

ARNAUD, son of GARCIA Arnaud Comte d´Astarac & his wife --- (-[1022/23]).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Arnaldus" as son of "Garsias-Arnaldi"[726]Comte d'Astarac.  "Emerico comitis, Arnaldo comitis…" signed a charter dated Nov 1020 which records a donation to the abbey of Pessan[727].  "Arnaldus comes Astariacensis" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pé by charter dated to [1022], later signed by "Raimundus filius eius"[728]

m ATALESE [Tarasie], daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1023 under which her son "Guillelmus filius quondam comitis Arnaldi Astariacensis et eius coniux…Talesa" donated the monastery of Pessan to the abbey of Simorre[729], and by the charter dated to [1025] under which her son "Oddo filius quondam Arnaldi, Astaracensis comes, et eius coniugis…Atalesæ, comitissæ" restored the monastery of Saramon[730]

Arnaud & his wife had two children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] (-after [1060]).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Guillelmum et Bernardum-Pelagos" as the two sons of "Arnaldus", stating that Guillaume received "Astaracum" while Bernard received "Pardiniacum"[731]Comte d'Astarac.  "Guillelmus filius quondam comitis Arnaldi Astariacensis et eius coniux…Talesa" donated the monastery of Pessan "accepto ab Ottone, diacono, germano meo" to the abbey of Simorre by charter dated 1023, subscribed by "Aymericus comes Fezensiacus…Garsi Arnaldus comes Bigorritanus, Bernardus comes, Remundus comes, Garsias comes, Geraldus comes, Bernard Arsi vicarius Garsia"[732].  "Oddo filius quondam Arnaldi, Astaracensis comes, et eius coniugis…Atalesæ, comitissæ" restored the monastery of Saramon, with the consent of "nostri germani fratres…domnus Guillelmus, et Bernardus, Remundus, Garsias et Guiraldus", by charter dated to [1025][733].  "Guilelmus Astaracensis comes" submitted the abbey of Sainte-Dode to the monastery of Simorre, earlier founded by "abbate Ottone tum diaconis" with the consent of "genitoris meis Arnaldi comitis et genetricis meæ Tarasiæ et germanorum meorum Bernardi et Raimundi", by charter dated 1034[734].  "Wilhelmi comitis Astaracensis" signed a charter dated to [1060] relating to the monastery of Pessan[735]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  A charter dated to [1034] records that "Guilelmus filius Arnaldi, comes Astariacensis" married "consanguineam suam" without dispensation but that the marriage was recognised as valid in return for penances, the document naming "Bernardus frater eius, Raimundus frater eius, Garcia frater eius, Agganricus et cognatus eius…"[736].  Presumably "Agganricus…cognatus eius", whose name has not been found in any other document, was related to Guillaume´s unnamed wife.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO [I] (-after [1099]).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium" as the son of "Guillaume"[737]Comte d'Astarac

-        see below

2.         ODON (-after 1034).  "Guillelmus filius quondam comitis Arnaldi Astariacensis et eius coniux…Talesa" donated the monastery of Pessan "accepto ab Ottone, diacono, germano meo" to the abbey of Simorre by charter dated 1023[738].  "Oddo filius quondam Arnaldi, Astaracensis comes, et eius coniugis…Atalesæ, comitissæ" restored the monastery of Saramon, with the consent of "nostri germani fratres…domnus Guillelmus, et Bernardus, Remundus, Garsias et Guiraldus", by charter dated to [1025][739].  Abbot of Simorre: "Guilelmus Astaracensis comes" submitted the abbey of Sainte-Dode to the monastery of Simorre, earlier founded by "abbate Ottone tum diaconis" with the consent of "genitoris meis Arnaldi comitis et genetricis meæ Tarasiæ et germanorum meorum Bernardi et Raimundi", by charter dated 1034[740].   

3.         BERNARD "Pelagus" (-after [1034]).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Guillelmum et Bernardum-Pelagos" as the two sons of "Arnaldus", stating that Guillaume received "Astaracum" while Bernard received "Pardiniacum"[741]Comte de Pardiac.  "…Bernardus comes, Remundus comes, Garsias comes, Geraldus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 1023 under which "Guillelmus filius quondam comitis Arnaldi Astariacensis et eius coniux…Talesa" donated the monastery of Pessan to the abbey of Simorre[742].  "Oddo filius quondam Arnaldi, Astaracensis comes, et eius coniugis…Atalesæ, comitissæ" restored the monastery of Saramon, with the consent of "nostri germani fratres…domnus Guillelmus, et Bernardus, Remundus, Garsias et Guiraldus", by charter dated to [1025][743]

-        COMTES de PARDIAC

4.         RAYMOND Arnaud (-[after 1037]).  "Arnaldus comes Astariacensis" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pé by charter dated to [1022], later signed by "Raimundus filius eius"[744].  "…Bernardus comes, Remundus comes, Garsias comes, Geraldus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 1023 under which "Guillelmus filius quondam comitis Arnaldi Astariacensis et eius coniux…Talesa" donated the monastery of Pessan to the abbey of Simorre[745].  "Oddo filius quondam Arnaldi, Astaracensis comes, et eius coniugis…Atalesæ, comitissæ" restored the monastery of Saramon, with the consent of "nostri germani fratres…domnus Guillelmus, et Bernardus, Remundus, Garsias et Guiraldus", by charter dated to [1025][746].  A charter dated to [1034] records that "Guilelmus filius Arnaldi, comes Astariacensis" married "consanguineam suam" without dispensation but that the marriage was recognised as valid in return for penances, the document naming "Bernardus frater eius, Raimundus frater eius, Garcia frater eius, Agganricus et cognatus eius…"[747].  [Vicomte de Pessan.  "Remundi Arnaldi vicecomitis eiusdem civitatis" signed a charter dated 1037 which recognised that the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde belonged to the abbey of Pessan[748].] 

5.         GARCIA (-after [1034]).  "…Bernardus comes, Remundus comes, Garsias comes, Geraldus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 1023 under which "Guillelmus filius quondam comitis Arnaldi Astariacensis et eius coniux…Talesa" donated the monastery of Pessan to the abbey of Simorre[749].  "Oddo filius quondam Arnaldi, Astaracensis comes, et eius coniugis…Atalesæ, comitissæ" restored the monastery of Saramon, with the consent of "nostri germani fratres…domnus Guillelmus, et Bernardus, Remundus, Garsias et Guiraldus", by charter dated to [1025][750].  A charter dated to [1034] records that "Guilelmus filius Arnaldi, comes Astariacensis" married "consanguineam suam" without dispensation but that the marriage was recognised as valid in return for penances, the document naming "Bernardus frater eius, Raimundus frater eius, Garcia frater eius, Agganricus et cognatus eius…"[751]

6.         GERAUD (-[1025/34]).  "…Bernardus comes, Remundus comes, Garsias comes, Geraldus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 1023 under which "Guillelmus filius quondam comitis Arnaldi Astariacensis et eius coniux…Talesa" donated the monastery of Pessan to the abbey of Simorre[752].  "Oddo filius quondam Arnaldi, Astaracensis comes, et eius coniugis…Atalesæ, comitissæ" restored the monastery of Saramon, with the consent of "nostri germani fratres…domnus Guillelmus, et Bernardus, Remundus, Garsias et Guiraldus", by charter dated to [1025][753].  He probably died before [1034] as he is not named with his other lay brothers in the charter of that date which relates to the marriage of his brother Comte Guillaume (see above). 

 

 

SANCHO [I] d´Astarac, son of GUILLAUME Comte d´Astarac & his wife --- (-after [1099]).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium" as the son of "Guillaume"[754]Comte d'Astarac.  "Dominus Sancius…Guillelmi comitis filius, comes regionis illius" confirmed the donation of the monastery of Sainte-Dode (whose monks had rebelled) to the abbey of Simorre by charter dated 13 Aug 1075[755].  "Sanctio comes et uxor eius necnon et filii eius Vilelmus atque A." restored the monastery of Saramon to the abbot of Sorèze, by charter dated to [1075][756].  A charter dated to [1110/15] records that "Sancius Astariacensis comes…et filius eius Bernardus" donated "honore…Fonsorbas" to the Holy Sepulchre and the Hospital of Jerusalem, the later confirmation of this donation, and the subsequent donation by "Arnaldus Astariacensis" and others[757].  The original donation is undated, but must presumably have taken place after the capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade, assuming that the document is not spurious. 

m --- (-after [1075]).  The name of Sancho's wife is not known.  "Sanctio comes et uxor eius necnon et filii eius Vilelmus atque A." restored the monastery of Saramon to the abbot of Sorèze, by charter dated to [1075][758]

Sancho & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME [II] (-before 1124).  "Sanctio comes et uxor eius necnon et filii eius Vilelmus atque A." restored the monastery of Saramon to the abbot of Sorèze, by charter dated to [1075][759]Comte d´Astarac

2.         ARNAUD (-before 1124).  "Sanctio comes et uxor eius necnon et filii eius Vilelmus atque A." restored the monastery of Saramon to the abbot of Sorèze, by charter dated to [1075][760]

3.         BERNARD [I] (-1142).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Bernardum" as the son of "Sancius"[761].  A charter dated to [1110/15] records that "Sancius Astariacensis comes…et filius eius Bernardus" donated "honore…Fonsorbas" to the Holy Sepulchre and the Hospital of Jerusalem, the later confirmation of this donation, and the subsequent donation by "Arnaldus Astariacensis" and others[762].  The original donation is undated, but must presumably have taken place after the capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade, assuming that the document is not spurious.  Comte d'Astarac.  "Bernardus comes…Oddo d´Astarac" are named in a charter dated to [1130] which records a donation to the abbey of Simorre[763].  "Bernardus comes Astaracensis et Sancius dictus eius filius" donated the church of Berdoues to the abbot of Morimont by charter dated 1134[764].  "Bernardus comes cum filiis suis S. et B." cooperated in the reconstruction of the town of Simorre which had been destroyed by fire, recorded in a charter dated May 1141[765].  "Bernardus comes Astaracensis" granted pasturage rights to the abbot of Berdoues by charter dated 1142[766]m firstly ---.  The name of Bernard's wife is not known.  m secondly LONGUEBRUNE, daughter of --- (-after [1154]).  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated to [1154] which records that "Boamundus" borrowed money from "priorissam Boni Loci…mater sua…Longa Bruna" to prevent Géraud d´Esparbès, who had been expelled as abbot of Saramon, from pillaging the county[767].  Jaurgain suggests that Longuebrune was the sister of Bohémond Comte de Pardiac to explain the transmission of the name Bohémond into the Astarac family[768].  Prioress of Notre-Dame de Bolauc: "Sancius comes Astaracensis" donated property to the convent of Bolauc and "priorissæ Boni Loci…Longæ Brunæ" by charter dated 1042[769].  A charter dated to [1153] records that "Bernardus de Marestaing" was at war with "comite Astaracensi Boamundo" and was bribed with money borrowed from "Boni Loci…priorissam…Longam Brunam" not to burn the town[770].  Bernard & his first wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO [II] (-after 1169).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "Sancium" as the son of "Bernardus"[771].  "Bernardus comes Astaracensis et Sancius dictus eius filius" donated the church of Berdoues to the abbot of Morimont by charter dated 1134[772].  "Bernardus comes cum filiis suis S. et B." cooperated in the reconstruction of the town of Simorre which had been destroyed by fire, recorded in a charter dated May 1141[773]Comte d´Astarac.  "Sancius comes Astaracensis" donated property to the convent of Bolauc and "priorissæ Boni Loci…Longæ Brunæ" by charter dated 1142[774].  "Sancius comes Astaracensis" donated property to the church of Berdoues by charter dated 1156[775].  "Sancius comes Astaraci" confirmed donations to Berdoues by "Bernardus Astaracensis comitis suus pater" by charter dated 1157[776]

Bernard & his second wife had [two] children: 

b)         BOHEMOND (-1176 or after).  "Bernardus comes cum filiis suis S. et B." cooperated in the reconstruction of the town of Simorre which had been destroyed by fire, recorded in a charter dated May 1141[777]Comte d´Astarac.  A charter dated to [1153] records that "Bernardus de Marestaing" was at war with "comite Astaracensi Boamundo" and was bribed with money borrowed from "Boni Loci…priorissam…Longam Brunam" not to burn the town[778].  A charter dated to [1154] records that "Boamundus" borrowed money from "priorissam Boni Loci…mater sua…Longa Bruna" to prevent Géraud d´Esparbès, who had been expelled as abbot of Saramon, from pillaging the county[779].  "Boamundus comes Astaracensis et domina Rubea uxor mea" donated property to the abbot of Berdoues, with the consent of "filiarum nostrarum Mariæ, Marchesiæ et Bonefeminæ", by charter dated to [1172][780].  "Boemundi Astaracensis comitis et uxoris eius Rubee et filiabus Maria atque Marchesia" approved the sale of the château de Lamaguère by "Guillaume de Lamaguère" to Géraud de la Barthe Archbishop of Auch, by charter dated Mar 1174[781].  "Boamundus comes Astaracensis dictus filius Bernardi Astaracensis comitis" donated property, sold by "Bernardus pater eius et Sancius frater eius", to the abbot of Berdoues by charter dated 1175[782].  "Boamundus comes Astaraci dictus filius Bernardi Astaraci comitis", on leaving for Jerusalem, granted pasturage rights to the abbot of Berdoues by charter dated 1175[783]m ROUGE de Marsan, daughter of PIERRE de Marsan & his wife Beatrix de Bigorre.  "Boamundus comes Astaracensis et domina Rubea uxor mea" donated property to the abbot of Berdoues, with the consent of "filiarum nostrarum Mariæ, Marchesiæ et Bonefeminæ", by charter dated to [1172][784].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   "Boemundi Astaracensis comitis et uxoris eius Rubee et filiabus Maria atque Marchesia" approved the sale of the château de Lamaguère by "Guillaume de Lamaguère" to Géraud de la Barthe Archbishop of Auch, by charter dated Mar 1174[785].  Bohémond & his wife had four children: 

i)          MARIE (-[1174/75]).  "Boamundus comes Astaracensis et domina Rubea uxor mea" donated property to the abbot of Berdoues, with the consent of "filiarum nostrarum Mariæ, Marchesiæ et Bonefeminæ", by charter dated to [1172][786].  "Boemundi Astaracensis comitis et uxoris eius Rubee et filiabus Maria atque Marchesia" approved the sale of the château de Lamaguère by "Guillaume de Lamaguère" to Géraud de la Barthe Archbishop of Auch, by charter dated Mar 1174[787]

ii)         MARQUESE (-after 1191).  "Boamundus comes Astaracensis et domina Rubea uxor mea" donated property to the abbot of Berdoues, with the consent of "filiarum nostrarum Mariæ, Marchesiæ et Bonefeminæ", by charter dated to [1172][788].  "Boemundi Astaracensis comitis et uxoris eius Rubee et filiabus Maria atque Marchesia" approved the sale of the château de Lamaguère by "Guillaume de Lamaguère" to Géraud de la Barthe Archbishop of Auch, by charter dated Mar 1174[789].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1187 under which "Eysemenus comes Astaracensis et Marquesa uxor eius" donated property to the abbot of Berdoues[790].  "Marquesa comitissa Astaracensis et Benetris soror eius" confirmed the donation of property to the abbot of Berdoues, at the request of "Eisemenis mariti predicte Marquese", by charter dated 1191[791]m as his second wife, JIMENO, son of --- (-1191 or after).  Comte d´Astarac.  "Eisemen comite Astaracensi" is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 1182 which records the donation of property by "Giraldo de Porastron" to Gimont[792]

iii)        BONNEFEMME (-[1172/91]).  "Boamundus comes Astaracensis et domina Rubea uxor mea" donated property to the abbot of Berdoues, with the consent of "filiarum nostrarum Mariæ, Marchesiæ et Bonefeminæ", by charter dated to [1172][793]

iv)       BEATRIX .  "Marquesa comitissa Astaracensis et Benetris soror eius" confirmed the donation of property to the abbot of Berdoues, at the request of "Eisemenis mariti predicte Marquese", by charter dated 1191[794].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1190 under which "Rodericus dictus filius Exemeni comitis Astaracensis et uxor eius Benetrix" confirmed the earlier donation of property to the abbot of Berdoues by "Exemenus pater predicti Roderici et Marquesa uxor eius" by charter dated 1190[795].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1200 under which "Vitalis de Monteacuto comes Astaracensis et uxor eius Na Benetrix Astaracensis comitissa" granted rights to the abbot of Berdoues[796]m firstly RODRIGO Jiménez, son of JIMENO --- & his first wife --- (-1191).  "Rodericus comes Astaracensi" witnessed a charter dated 1191 under which "Arnaud-Guillaume de Panassac abbé de Simorre" committed certain obligations towards to the convent of Bolauc[797]Comte d´Astaracm secondly ([1192/95]) VITAL de Montégut, son of --- (-1204 or after).  Comte d´Astarac

c)         [SAVARIC (-after 1207).  "Savaricus…filius Bernardi comitis et domine Savarice" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1186[798].  It is not certain that Savaric´s father was Bernard [I] Comte d´Astarac.  If this parentage is correct, the absence of any record of Savaric claiming the county after the death of his supposed brother Bohémond suggests that he may have been illegitimate.  It is also possible that Savaric´s father was Bernard [III] Dodon Comte de Comminges who is recorded as having donated property to Berdoues at an earlier period.  "Savarig…filius de Bernardo comite" renounced claims on the property of Berdoues in return for compensation by charter dated 1207[799]m SAVARICE, daughter of --- (-after 1186).  "Savaricus…filius Bernardi comitis et domine Savarice" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1186[800].] 

 

 

 

B.      COMTES d´ASTARAC 1210-1511

 

 

1.         CENTULE [I] (-1243 or before).  According to Jaurgain, Centule was the son of Beatrix Ctss d´Astarac and her first husband Rodrigo Jiménez but he cites no primary source on which this statement is based[801].  The names of Centule´s son Bohémond and daughter Rouge suggest that he was descended from Comte Bohémond and his wife.  However, the absence of the names Jimeno and Rodrigo among his descendants suggests that he was not descended from Bohémond´s daughter Beatrix.  Another possibility is that Centule was the son of Bohémond´s daughter Bonnefemme, about whom nothing is known after [1172] (see above).  The name Centule suggests a close relationship with the family of the comtes de Bigorre.  Comte d´Astarac.  "Centullus comes Astaracensis" committed revenue to the abbot of Berdoues by charter dated 1211[802].  "Centullus comes Astariacensis" donated the dîmes from the county of Astarac to the archbishop of Auch by charter dated 1 May 1227, witnessed by "Bernardus comes Convenarum, et nobilis vir Sancius de Bartha"[803].  "Centullus comes Astaraco" swore allegiance to Louis IX King of France by charter dated Apr 1229[804].  "Centullo comiti Astarasci" swore allegiance to the comte de Toulouse by charter dated 3 Sep 1230[805].  The testament of "Centol…comes Astaraci", dated to [1230], bequeathed "à Bolmn mon primer fil, le comtad de Starac" and "à Centol mon fil…terra al comtad de Begore" and names "Roia ma fila…Beatrice ma filia…la dauna S. lor mair…la dona Segui ma molher"[806]m firstly PETRONILLE de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD Comte de Comminges & his third wife Marie de Montpellier.  The testament of "Maria regina Aragonum et domina Montispessulani" is dated 20 Apr 1213, naming "Jacobum filium Regis Aragonum et meumduæ filiæ meæ Mathildis…et Perona"[807].   The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "comte Bernard de Comminges" had two daughters by his wife "la fille de Guillaume de Montpellier…Marie" of whom one married "Sanche de Barral" and the other "Centulle comte d´Astarac"[808]m secondly SEGUINE de Lomagne, daughter of GERARD de Lomagne & his wife --- (-after 25 Mar 1246).  The testament of "Centol…comes Astaraci", dated to [1230], names "la dona Segui ma molher"[809].  "Domina Seguis uxor quondam Centulli comitis de Astaraco...cum suo filio Centulio qui fuit filius dicti Centulli" swore homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 13 Nov 1244[810].  "Domina Sygnis uxor quondam...domini Centulli comitis quondam Astaraci" and “Odo de Lomannia” granted their rights “in toto comitatu et terra Fezenciaci” to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse by two charters dated 25 Mar 1246[811].  Centule [I] & his second wife had four children: 

a)         BOHEMOND .  The testament of "Centol…comes Astaraci", dated to [1230], bequeathed "à Bolmn mon primer fil, le comtad de Starac"[812]

b)         CENTULE [II] (-1249 before 24 Aug, bur Simorre).  The testament of "Centol…comes Astaraci", dated to [1230], bequeathed "à Bolmn mon primer fil, le comtad de Starac" and "à Centol mon fil…terra al comtad de Begore"[813]Comte d´Astarac.  "C. puerolo comite Astaracensi" and "C. puero comite Astaraci" are named in charters of Berdoues dated 1243 and 1244[814].  "Domina Seguis uxor quondam Centulli comitis de Astaraco...cum suo filio Centulio qui fuit filius dicti Centulli" swore homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 13 Nov 1244[815].  The presence of his mother indicates that Centule [II] must still have been under age at the time.  A charter dated 24 Aug 1249 records that "dominus Centullus…comes Astaraci…filius…comitis Centulli Staracensis et…nobilis dominæ Na Segii comitisse Staracensis" defeated and captured "Arnaldo Wilhelmo de Labartha" but when dying became a monk "apud Simorram" where he was buried[816]

c)         ROUGE .  The testament of "Centol…comes Astaraci", dated to [1230], names "Roia ma fila…Beatrice ma filia…la dauna S. lor mair"[817]

d)         BEATRIX .  The testament of "Centol…comes Astaraci", dated to [1230], names "Roia ma fila…Beatrice ma filia…la dauna S. lor mair"[818]

e)         BERNARD [IV] (after [1230]-1291).  Comte d´Astarac.  "B. comes Astaraci…filius Centuli, comitis Astaraci" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 22 Apr 1253[819].  A charter dated Dec 1284 records that "Bernardo comite Astariaci" was ordered to restore to the abbot of Simorre "castrum sive fortalicium de Maceriis" which "Centullus quondam pater comitis" had expropriated[820]m ---.  Bernard & his wife had four children: 

i)          CENTULE [III] (-1300)Comte d´Astaracm [as her second husband,] ASSALIDE d´Albret, [widow of VEZIAN Vicomte de Lomagne,] daughter of AMANIEU [VI] d´Albret & his second wife Mathe de Bordeaux (before 1262-after 5 Jan 1286).  The marriage contract of "dame Assalide d´Albret" and "le filz du comte d´Astarac" is dated 1 May 1278 which records the dowry given by "Berard Ezii son frère"[821].  The testament of "Assalide", dated 5 Jan 1286, appointed as her heir "Bernard son fils unique…et lui substitua Amanieu d´Albret son frère"[822].  Centule [III] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BERNARD [IV] (-after 1326).  The testament of "Assalide", dated 5 Jan 1286, appointed as her heir "Bernard son fils unique…et lui substitua Amanieu d´Albret son frère"[823]Comte d´Astarac

-         see below

ii)         JEAN .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

iii)        BERNARD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

iv)       ARNAUD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

v)        ROUGE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m (1285 or after) as his second wife, PIERRE de Grailly Vicomte de Benauge, son of JEAN [I] de Grailly & his [first wife ---] (-1290). 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

BERNARD [IV] d´Astarac, son of CENTULE [III] Comte d´Astarac & his wife Assalide d´Albret (-after 1326).  The testament of "Assalide", dated 5 Jan 1286, appoints as her heir "Bernard son fils unique…et lui substitua Amanieu d´Albret son frère"[824]Comte d´Astarac

m firstly (contract 31 Oct 1294) MATHE de Foix, daughter of ROGER BERNARD Comte de Foix & his wife Marguerite de Béarn. 

m secondly as her second husband, JAMBURGE de l´Isle-Jourdain, widow of GAUTHIER du Fossat Seigneur de Bramevaque, daughter of JOURDAIN de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Vacquerie Adhémar de Monteil. 

Bernard [IV] & his first wife had two children: 

1.         BERNARD (-before 1324)m (1309) AUGUSTA du Fossat, daughter of GAUTHIER du Fossat Seigneur de Bramevaque & his wife Jamburge de l´Isle-Jourdain.  A manuscript chronicle records the marriage in 1309 of "Bernardus filius Bernardi comitis Astarici" and "D. Augustam filiam Galterii de Fossato militis D. de Bramebac, et D. Jamburgæ de Insula", adding that her dowry was "D. marchas argenti"[825]

2.         AMANIEU (-1331)Comte d´Astaracm as her first husband, CECILE de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD VII Comte de Comminges & his wife Laure de Montfort (-after 23 Jun 1354).  She married secondly (1337) as his first wife, Giovanni II Marchese di Monferrato.  Amanieu & his wife had one child: 

a)         CENTULE [IV] Comte d´Astaracm MATHE de Fézenzaguet, daughter of GERAUD d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet & his wife Jeanne de Comminges.  Centule [IV] & his wife had three children: 

i)          CECILE (-after 20 Jul 1392)m firstly RAYMOND BERNARD de Durfort, son of ---.  m secondly (separated 1384) as his first wife, JEAN JOURDAIN [III] Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JEAN JOURDAIN [II] Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Indie de Durfort (-after Feb 1411). 

ii)         MARGUERITE m FLORIMOND Seigneur de l´Escure, son of ---. 

iii)        JEAN [I] (-5 Oct 1398)Comte d´Astarac

-         see below

 

 

JEAN [I] d´Astarac, son of CENTULE [IV] Comte d´Astarac & his wife Mathe de Fézensaguet (-5 Oct 1398)Comte d´Astarac

m firstly CATHERINE de Lautrec, daughter of AMALRIC Vicomte de Lautrec & his wife Jeanne de Narbonne. 

m secondly MAUBROSSE de la Barthe, daughter of GERAUD de la Barthe & his wife Brunissende de Lautrec. 

Jean [I] & his second wife had four children: 

1.         MATHE m ROGER de Comminges, son of ---. 

2.         CECILE m firstly --- de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of ---.  m secondly PHILIPPE de Comminges, son of ---. 

3.         JEAN [II] (-16 Apr 1410).  Comte d´Astaracm ---.  Jean [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         BERNARD (-1406). 

b)         JEAN [III] (-1 Sep 1458)Comte d´Astaracm firstly JEANNE de Barbazon, daughter of ---.  m secondly JEANNE de Courasse, daughter of ----  Jean [III] & his first wife had one child: 

i)          CATHERINE m (contract 23 Jul 1449) PIERRE de Foix Vicomte de Lautrec, son of JEAN [III] [de Grailly] Comte de Foix et de Bigorre Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Jeanne d'Albret (1454). 

Jean [III] & his second wife had two children: 

ii)         JEAN [IV] (-1511)Comte d´Astaracm (23 Feb 1483) MARIE de Chambes dame de Montsoreau, daughter of ---.  Jean [IV] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       MATHE (-after 1550).  Heiress of Astarac.  m (21 May 1505) GASTON de Foix, son of ---. 

(b)       JACQUELINE (-1531).  m (25 Jul 1508) ANTOINE Baron de Mailly, son of ---. 

(c)       MADELEINE .  Dame de Fontenay.  m firstly FRANÇOIS d´Avaugour Comte de Vertus, son of ---.  m secondly CHARLES de Montbel Comte d´Entremont, son of ---. 

iii)        MARIE .  The marriage contract of "Charles d´Albret seigneur de Saincte Bazeilhe" and "dame Marye d´Astarac, fille de Jehan conte d´Astarac" is dated 18 Aug 1472[826]m firstly (18 Aug 1472) CHARLES d´Albret Seigneur de Saint-Bazille, son of CHARLES [II] d´Albret Comte de Dreux & his wife Anne d´Armagnac (-Poitiers 7 Apr 1473).  m secondly JEAN de Savignac Seigneur de Belcastel, son of ---. 

4.         MARGUERITE m BERTRAND de Montferrand Seigneur de Langoiran, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    COMTES et VICOMTES d´AURE

 

 

The most obscure of the counties in Gascony, the county of Aure was separated from the county of Astarac in the early 11th century.  The members of this family are recorded in the 10th century with the title "vicomte".  The first mention of "Arnaldus comes de Aura" is dated to 1039.  The circumstances in which his territory was elevated to comital status are unknown.  Jaurgain suggests that he was descended through the female line from the comtes d´Astarac, and that the county passed to him through this route, but as will be seen below the primary sources do not conclusively confirm that this hypothesis is correct.   The county survived only a few decades as such.  In 1082, Centule [IV] Gaston Vicomte de Béarn and Comte de Bigorre obliged Odon [I] Comte d´Aure to accept the suzerainty of Bigorre.  The family reverted to the title "vicomte" and died out in the male line in the late 12th century, when the title passed by the marriage to the family of the comtes de Comminges.  The name survives in the two communes of Vielle-Aure and Fréchet-Aure which are located in the present-day French département of Hautes-Pyrénées. 

 

 

1.         DATO .  He is known only from the patronymic attributed to his son.  m ---.  The name of Dato´s wife is not known.  Dato & his wife had one child: 

a)         AURIOL Dat (-after [926]).  According to Jaurgain, Auriol Dat was the same person as Auriol Dat who signed a charter dated 977[827].  However, this is unlikely from a chronological point of view and the two are shown as different persons in this document.  Vicomte.  "Oriolo Datus vicecomite…" signed the charter dated May [926] under which "Guilelmus Garsie comes de Fidentiaco" donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch[828]

 

2.         DATO .  He is known only from the patronymic attributed to his son.  m ---.  The name of Dato´s wife is not known.  Dato & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         AURIOL Dat (-after 977).  According to Jaurgain, Auriol Dat was the son of Dato [II] Loup Comte de Bigorre and brother of Raymond Comte de Bigorre[829].  However, he cites no primary source on which this is based and presumably the hypothesis depends only on his patronymic.  It should be noted that Raymond Comte de Bigorre is not referred to as "Raymond Dat" in any of the primary sources consulted.  Vicomte.  "…Areolidat vicecomitis…" subscribed the charter dated 977 under which "Gumboldus episcopus et frater meus Willelmus Sancio dux Vasconum" re-established the monastery of La Réole[830]same person as…?  AURIOL .  It should be noted that the primary source which confirms the parentage of the children of Auriol and his wife Faquilena does not refer to Auriol´s patronymic.  It is therefore not certain that he was Auriol Dat, although the chronology is favourable.  m FAQUILENA, daughter of --- (-before [995]).  Her marriage is indicated by two charters of Sainte-Marie de Simorre, dated to [995], which record the donations by "Guillelmo Auriolo [comitis]" for the souls of "Garsi Arnaldi comitis et…Fachisanæ matris meæ et…Garsi Orollo…et Arnaldo"[831].  According to Jaurgain[832], she was Gersende [Faquilena] d'Astarac, widow of Raymond Comte de Bigorre, daughter of Arnaud Comte d'Astarac & his wife ---.  Her parentage and supposed first marriage are confirmed by the Codex de Roda which names "Garsie Arnaldi et Leudebico, vel domna Girisenda" as the children of "Arnaldo Garsies" and his unnamed wife, stating that Gersende married "Regismundi de Bigorra"[833], and by a charter dated to [955] which records that "Faquilleno et Arremundo Dato et Guillelmo Horgulo et Garcia Horgulo et Arnaldo Horgulo" donated four churches in the diocese of Comminges to Sainte-Marie d´Auch, for their own souls and those of "suo patrem Arnaldo comito et Sancio comito et Gilelmo comito"[834], although it is not known whether Gersende and Faquilo were the same person, assuming a mistake in the Codex de Roda, or whether Raymond Comte de Bigorre married two sisters in turn.  Jaurgain cites no primary source which confirms his hypothesis, except the charter dated to [995] which is quoted above.  If "Fachisana" in that document was the sister of Garcia Arnaud Comte d´Astarac, it is likely that he is identified as "Garsi Arnaldi comitis" who is also named in the document.  However, it is possible that Faquilena, who married Auriol Dat, was a different person from Faquilena, who married Comte Raymond, although if this is correct the unusual name suggests that they were related.]  Auriol & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          GARCIA Auriol .  "Guillelmo Auriolo [comitis]" donated property to Sainte-Marie de Simorre, for the souls of "Garsi Arnaldi comitis et…Fachisanæ matris meæ et…Garsi Orollo…et Arnaldo", by charter dated to [995][835]m ---.  The name of Garcia´s wife is not known.  Garcia & his wife had [one] child: 

(a)       [ARNAUD [I] Garcia (-[5 Jul 1039/1046]).  "Arnaldus comes de Aura" renewed the donation of Sarrancolin (donated by his presumed paternal uncle Guillaume Auriol) to Sainte-Marie de Simorre by charter dated 5 Jul 1039, and signed the document "Arnaldi Garsiæ"[836]. Comte d´Aure.] 

-         see below

ii)         GUILLAUME Auriol (-after [995]).  "Guillelmo Auriolo [comitis]" donated property, including Sarrancolin, to Sainte-Marie de Simorre, for the souls of "Garsi Arnaldi comitis et…Fachisanæ matris meæ et…Garsi Orollo…et Arnaldo", by charter dated to [995], signed by "Arnaldo comite, Donato Dati, Erricho Dati, Guillelmo Garsia, Leudovico, Lipomano…"[837]

iii)        [DATO .  According he was Vicomte de la Barthe and son of Auriol Dat, but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[838]m ---.  The name of Dato´s wife is not known.  Dato & his wife had [one] child: 

(a)       [GUILLAUME Dat (-[1025]).  Vicomte [de la Barthe].  "…Guilhermus Dati vicecomes Sylvanensis…" signed the charter dated to [1022] under which "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès[839]

iv)       [MANSION [Auriol] (-after [1025]).  According to Jaurgain, he was the son of Auriol Dat Comte d´Aure but he cites no primary source on which this is based[840].] 

-         VICOMTES de la BARTHE

v)        [ARNAUD (-after [995]).  "Guillelmo Auriolo [comitis]" donated property to Sainte-Marie de Simorre, for the souls of "Garsi Arnaldi comitis et…Fachisanæ matris meæ et…Garsi Orollo…et Arnaldo", by charter dated to [995], signed by "Arnaldo comite…"[841].  It is not known that "Arnaldo" was the brother of the donor (as his patronymic is not stated in the document) nor that he was the same person as "Arnaldo comite" who signed the same document. 

b)         [ODON Dat (-[1010]).  According to Jaurgain, Odon Dat was the brother of Auriol Dat, stating that they were sons of Dato [II] Loup Comte de Bigorre and brother of Raymond Comte de Bigorre[842].  However, he cites no primary source on which this is based and presumably the hypothesis depends only on his patronymic.  It should be noted that Raymond Comte de Bigorre is not referred to as "Raymond Dat" in any of the primary sources consulted.  A charter dated 1009 records, in the presence of "Lodoici comitis Bigorræ", that "Otto Dato vicecomes Montanereus" founded the monastery of Saint-Orens de La Reule[843]

-        VICOMTES de MONTANER

c)         [SANCHO [Dat] .  According to Jaurgain, "Sancho Dat" was the brother of Auriol Dat, stating that they were sons of Dato [II] Loup Comte de Bigorre and brother of Raymond Comte de Bigorre[844].  However, he cites no primary source which names Sancho, confirms this relationship, or specifies his patronymic.  It appears that the connection may be speculative.] 

-        VICOMTES d´ASTER[845].   

 

 

ARNAUD [I] Garcia, son of [GARCIA Auriol & his wife ---] (-[5 Jul 1039/1046]).  "…Arnaldus de Aura…" signed the charter dated to [1022] under which "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès[846]Comte d´Aure.  "Arnaldus comes de Aura" renewed the donation of Sarrancolin (donated by his presumed paternal uncle Guillaume Auriol), and added other donations, to Sainte-Marie de Simorre by charter dated 5 Jul 1039, signed by "Arnaldi Garsiæ…Garsi Arnaldi filii sui, Aurioli Mancii vicecomitis, Arsi Mancii, Sancii Aurioli, Forcii Aurioli, Boni Filii, Gastoni Dati, Atonis Anerii, Einardi Anerii, Sancii Garsiæ, Atonis Lupi, Gastoni Sancii, Garsiæ Atilii, Athonis Aurilii, Raimundi Aurilii…"[847]

m ---.  The name of Arnaud´s wife is not known. 

Arnaud Garcia & his wife had one child: 

1.         GARCIA Arnaud (-after [1060]).  "Arnaldus comes de Aura" renewed the donation of Sarrancolin (donated by his presumed paternal uncle Guillaume Auriol), and added other donations, to Sainte-Marie de Simorre by charter dated 5 Jul 1039, signed by "Arnaldi Garsiæ…Garsi Arnaldi filii sui…"[848]Comte d´Aure.  A charter dated to [1060] records that "Forto Sancius monachus ex progenie nobilium comitum supradictorum" was expelled from the priory of Sarrancolin which he had captured, and that "Garsi Arnaldum comitem de Aura" offered "Raymundum filium suum" as a monk at Sainte-Marie de Simorre[849]m ---.  The name of Garcia´s wife is not known.  Garcia & his wife had children: 

a)         ARNAUD [II] (-[1073/80]).  Comte d´Aure.  A charter dated 1073 records that "Arnaldum comitem de Aura nec non…vicecomitem Sancium de Bartha" expelled "Raymundum, monachum" from the monastery of Sarrancolin which he had captured from Sainte-Marie de Simorre[850]

b)         ODON [I] (-before 1095)Comte [Vicomte] d´Aure.  Jaurgain records that Centule Gaston de Béarn Comte de Bigorre obliged Odon to accept his suzerainty in 1082, but cites no primary source on which this is based[851]

-        see below

c)         RAYMOND (-after 1073).  A charter dated to [1060] records that "Garsi Arnaldum comitem de Aura" offered "Raymundum filium suum" as a monk at Sainte-Marie de Simorre[852].  A charter dated 1073 records that "Arnaldum comitem de Aura nec non…vicecomitem Sancium de Bartha" expelled "Raymundum, monachum" from the monastery of Sarrancolin which he had captured from Sainte-Marie de Simorre[853]

2.         [RAYMOND Arnaud d´Aure (-after [1055]).  "Raimundus Arnaldus de Aura et uxor sua et filii sui" donated the church of Francor to the monastery of Lezat by charter dated to [1055][854].  Some of his possible descendants are shown by Jaurgain[855].  m ---.  The name of Raymond´s wife is not known.] 

 

 

ODON [I], son of GARCIA Arnaud Comte d´Aure & his wife --- (-before 1095)Comte [Vicomte] d´Aure.  Jaurgain records that Centule Gaston de Béarn Comte de Bigorre obliged Odon to accept his suzerainty in 1082, but cites no primary source on which this is based[856]

m ---.  The name of Odon´s wife is not known. 

Odon & his wife had one child: 

1.         SANCHO GARCIA (-[1128]).  According to Jaurgain, Sancho Garcia was the son of Odon but he cites no primary source on which this is based[857]Vicomte d´Aure.  An undated charter records a lengthy dispute between Centule Gaston Comte de Bigorre and "Don Sanz Gassie de Aura…e…Arn. Laudig, sos cozis" regarding the suzerainty over the viscomté d´Aure[858]m ---.  The name of Sancho Garcia´s wife is not known.  Sancho Garcia & his wife had one child: 

a)         ODON [II] (-before [1170]).  "Od de Aura filius Sancii Garcie" swore homage to Centule [II] Comte de Bigorre by charter dated to [1128][859]Vicomte d´Aurem ---.  The name of Odon´s wife is not known.  Odon [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          ARNAUD [III] (-before 1180).  "Arn. de Aura, W. Tort sos frair" swore homage to Centule [III] Comte de Bigorre by charter dated to [1170][860]m ---.  The name of Arnaud´s wife is not known.  Arnaud & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BERTRANDE Vicomtesse d´Aurem ([1160]) GUY de Comminges, son of BERNARD [I] Comte de Comminges & his wife Dias de Muret. 

ii)         GUILLAUME (-after [1170]).  "Arn. de Aura, W. Tort sos frair" swore homage to Centule [III] Comte de Bigorre by charter dated to [1170][861]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    VICOMTES de BEARN

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de BEARN [870]-1134

 

 

The foundation of the vicomté of Béarn is probably dated to the late 860s/early 870s, as shown by a later undated charter, under which "dominus Willelmus Sancii comes Gasconiorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq, which recalls that "quidem Rex" (which from the context appears to refer to Sancho "Mitarra" Duke of Gascony) installed "avo Vicecomitis [Gasto Centuli Vicecomes Bearnensis]" with Béarn[862].  The document does not name the first vicomte.  According to the spurious documents relating to the monastery of Alarcon, discussed fully in the Introduction to chapter 1 of the present document, the vicomtes de Béarn descended from the family of the first dukes of Gascony.  However, other surviving primary sources do not establish this descent beyond doubt.  Jaurgain states that the vicomté of Béarn included "la vallée du gave de Pau, de Saint-Pé de Générès à Argagnon, et le pays de Vicbilh" when it was founded, to which were added the vicomtés of Oloron and Montaner in the 11th century[863].  Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine granted complete rights of suzerainty "sur le Béarn, la Soule, et les villages de Salies et Carresse" in 1086[864].  The direct male line of the original family of vicomtes de Béarn became extinct in 1134, after which the vicomté passed successively to the family of the vicomtes de Gabarret and the Montcada family.  Marie Vicomtesse de Béarn swore homage to the king of Aragon in 1170, renewed by Vicomte Gaston VI in 1187[865].  Gaston VI Vicomte de Béarn incorporated "la ville d´Orthez et le pays de Rivière-Gave", which he had conquered from the vicomte de Dax, into his domains in 1193[866].  The vicomté of Béarn recovered its independence at the end of the 12th century[867].  It passed by marriage to the comtes de Foix in the early 14th century, and was united with the French crown by edict dated 19 Oct 1620[868]

 

 

LOUP Centule, son of CENTULE [I] & his wife --- (-[905]).  Monlezun records that Centule-Loup left "sous la tutelle d'Auria, sa femme, un enfant en bas âge"[869].  "Dompna Faquilo" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan, for the souls of "Mansionis…Donati Lupi comiti…et filiis meis et filias", by charter dated Dec [865], subscribed by "Dattonis Donati comitis, Luponis, Luponis Centuli"[870].  An undated charter, under which "dominus Willelmus Sancii comes Gasconiorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq, records that "quidem Rex" (which from the context appears to refer to "avus domni Willelmi…pater eius", although it is unclear why he should have been called "Rex" in the document) invested "avo Vicecomitis [Gasto Centuli Vicecomes Bearnensis], qui erat de eius progenie" with "hac patria"[871].  "Gasto Centuli Vicecomes Bearnensis" refers to Gaston [I] (died 984).  His grandfather would therefore have been this Loup Centule.  This document would therefore date the foundation of the vicomté of Béarn to [864/880]. 

m ---.  The name of Loup Centule’s wife is not known. 

Loup Centule & his wife had one child: 

1.         CENTULE [II] (-[940]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, although it is suggested by the undated charter under which "dominus Willelmus Sancii comes Gasconiorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq (see above).  "Centullus Vetulus vicecomes Bearnensis et Olorensis" donated "villæ…Bordellas…quod olim Guillelmus Sancius comes dederat" to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq by undated charter but expressly dated to "temporibus Bernardi Gasconiorum comes" and which names "Gasto filius eius"[872]m ---.  The name of Centule´s wife is not known.  Centule [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         GASTON [I] de Béarn (-[980]).  "Centullus Vetulus vicecomes Bearnensis et Olorensis" donated "villæ…Bordellas…quod olim Guillelmus Sancius comes dederat" to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq by undated charter which names "Gasto filius eius"[873].  He succeeded as Vicomte de Béarn

-        see below.

 

 

GASTON [I] de Béarn, son of CENTULE [III] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife --- (-[980]).  "Centullus Vetulus vicecomes Bearnensis et Olorensis" donated "villæ…Bordellas…quod olim Guillelmus Sancius comes dederat" to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq by undated charter which names "Gasto filius eius"[874]Vicomte de Béarn.  "Gasto Centulli vicecomes" assented to a donation by "dominus Willelmus Sancii comes Gasconiorum" of property "villam de Luco Deo" to the abbey of Saint-Vincent-de-Lucq by undated charter which refers to "domni Ludovici imperatoris" having previously granted property to "avo vicecomitis qui erat de eius progenie"[875].  "…Wastonis Centulli vicecomitis, Lupi Anerii vicecomitis, Ernaldi Lupi vicecomitis Aquensis" subscribed the charter dated 980 under which Arsius Bishop of Bayonne listed the possessions of the bishopric[876]

m ---.  The name of Gaston's wife is not known. 

Gaston [I] & his wife had one child:

1.         CENTULE [III] de Béarn (-after [995]).  His parentage is assumed to be confirmed by the patronymic attributed to him in the primary source quoted below.  Vicomte de Béarn"…Centuli Gastoni, Gastoni Centuli de Bearno…" signed the charter dated 993 under which "Willelmus Sancius comes" restored the monastery of Saint-Sever[877]m ---.  The name of Centule's wife is not known.  Centule [III] & his wife had [one child]:

a)         GASTON [II] de Béarn (-before 1022).  "…Centuli Gastoni, Gastoni Centuli de Bearno…" signed the charter dated 993 under which "Willelmus Sancius comes" restored the monastery of Saint-Sever[878]Vicomte de Béarn.  "Amalvinus Blanchefortensis cum Gastone Bearnensi" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin on leaving on crusade, for the soul of "Arnaudi avunculi sui Blanchefortensis" and with guarantors "ipse Amalvinus et Arnaldus Blanchefortensis consanguineus eius et Arnaldus de Illiaco", by charter dated to [1120][879]m ---.  The name of Gaston's wife is not known.  Gaston [II] & his wife had one child:

i)          CENTULE [IV] de Béarn (-killed in battle [1058]).  His parentage is assumed confirmed by the patronymic attributed to him in primary sources.  Vicomte de Béarn

-         see below

 

 

CENTULE [IV] de Béarn, son of GASTON [II] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife --- (-killed in battle [1058]).  His parentage is assumed confirmed by the patronymic attributed to him in primary sources.  Vicomte de Béarn.  A charter dated 13 Dec 1015 (probably spurious) records that “Centulus Gasto Benearnensis vicecomes” killed “…Lupi Athonis et fratris sui Guillelmi vicecomitis” [Vizconde de Sola] twelve days previously[880].  "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès, in the presence of "…Centullus Gastonis vicecomes Bearnensis…", by charter dated to [1022][881].  "Centuli Gastoni…" signed the charter dated Nov 1028 under which "Comes Sancio" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Saint-Sever by "pater meus Willelmus Sancio"[882].  An undated charter records the donation by "Santius…comes" to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin and the confirmation after his death by his successor "eius nepos…Odo", signed by "Centullus de Bearnt, Arnaldus Aquensis, Willelmus Lup, Aichelmus Guillelmi, Andro Auriohl"[883].  He adopted the title vicomte d´Oloron from 1045[884]

m ANGELA [d´Oloron, daughter of ANER Loup Vicomte d´Oloron & his wife ---] (-after 1058).  An undated charter records that "Centullus Gastonis vicecomes" refused to make reparations to Duke Sancho for his marriage to "Angelæ"[885].  According to Jaurgain, she was the daughter of Aner Loup Vicomte d´Oloron but he cites no primary source on which this is based[886].  As a widow, she donated the church and village of Aubin to Sainte-Marie de Lescar[887]

Centule [IV] & his wife had three children:

1.         GASTON [III] de Béarn (-1054).  His parentage is assumed confirmed by the patronymic attributed to him in primary sources.  Vicomte de Béarn

-        see below

2.         RAYMOND Centule (-after [1055]).  "Ramundus Centulli, frater Gastonis" donated a serf to the monastery of Saint-Pé de Générès by charter dated to [1055][888]

3.         AURIOL Centule (-after [1070]).  "Oriolus Centuli miles Bearnensis" donated a serf and property to the monastery of Saint-Pé de Générès by charter dated to [1070][889].  Seigneur de Clarac, Igon, Baudreix, Boeil et Auga.  m ---.  The name of Auriol´s wife is not known.  Auriol & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         [ARTAUD (-killed in battle [1086]).  Jaurgain states that Artaud and his brother and sisters were the children of Auriol Centule[890].  He cites no primary source which confirms directly that this is correct, although the references to Clarac and Igon suggest that it might be the case.  "Artardus miles Bearnensis" donated property at Igon to the church of Saint-Pé, by charter dated to [1083][891].  A charter dated to [1105] records that "Artardus miles Bearnensis" donated two serfs to the church of Saint-Pé, and that "Beliardis soror eius" donated the village of Clarac[892].] 

b)         [ARNAUD (-before 1095).  A charter dated to [1086] records that "Arnaldus…de Claraco" married "uxorem de genere…Bernardi Lupi, neptam eius", claimed rights to the village of Morgans from the monastery of Saint-Sever and declared war[893]m ---.] 

c)         [BELIARDE .  A charter dated to [1105] records that "Artardus miles Bearnensis" donated two serfs to the church of Saint-Pé, and that "Beliardis soror eius" donated the village of Clarac[894].] 

d)         [TECLA .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated to [1105] which records that "Artardus miles Bearnensis" donated two serfs to the church of Saint-Pé, and that "Beliardis soror eius" donated the village of Clarac, that a dispute about the donations arose after the death of Béliarde, and that "Augerius…de Miramon nepos eius…cum matre sua…Tecla" eventually renounced their rights in favour of the church[895].  Vicomte Auger and his wife Tecla donated a serf to Saint-Pé by charter dated to [1095][896]m ([1070]) AUGER [II] de Miramont Vicomte de Tursan, son of --- (-before [1100]).] 

 

 

GASTON [III] de Béarn, son of CENTULE [IV] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife --- (-1054).  His parentage is assumed confirmed by the patronymic attributed to him in primary sources.  Vicomte de Béarn.  A manuscript, which records a jurisdictional dispute between the bishoprics of Dax and Oloron, recounts that the people of Béarn accused "Salamace vicecomiti Seulensi" of killing "vicecomitem Bearnensem…Centullum Gastonem, patrem Centulli, patris Gastoni", dated to [1058][897].  

m (1030, maybe separated 1038) as her first husband, ADELAIS, daughter of --- & his wife Adelais ---.  There is uncertainty about the origin of Adelais.  "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[898].  Assuming that nepos should be interpreted in its strict sense, Centule's mother was therefore the sister of Bernard Comte d'Armagnac.  However, the unresolved question is whether Adelais was Bernard's full sister, in which case she was Adelais d'Armagnac, daughter of Géraud [I] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife ---, or his uterine half-sister.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[899], she was Adelais de Lomagne, daughter of Arnaud [II] Vicomte de Lomagne & his wife.  Presumably this is extrapolated from the charter dated to [1062] under which "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont[900].  There appears to be no way of deciding which interpretation is correct.  She married secondly as his second wife, Roger Vicomte de Gabarret

Gaston [III] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         CENTULE [V] de Béarn (-murdered Tena 1090).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[901]Vicomte de Béarn.  He succeeded as Comte de Bigorre in 1080, de iure uxoris

-        see below

2.         [OLIVE (-after [1088]).  "Femina…Oliba…soror…Centulli comitis Bigorrensis…et vicecomitis Viernensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1088][902].  It is not known whether Oliba was the full sister or uterine half-sister of Centule.] 

3.         [REGINE .  Her parentage and marriage are shown by Jaurgain but he quotes no primary source which confirms that the information is correct[903]m ([1055]) RAYMOND Ezi Seigneur de Baleix, son of --- (-after 14 Oct 1095).] 

 

 

CENTULE [V] de Béarn, son of GASTON [III] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Adelais --- (-murdered Tena 1090).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated 3 Mar 1055[904]Vicomte de Béarn.  He succeeded as Comte de Bigorre in 1080, de iure uxoris.  “Centullus comes et uxor sua Beatrix et mater eius Stephania” donated property to the monastery “S. Savini…in valle Levitanensis…in comitatu Bigoritano”, by charter dated 1080 signed by “…Otgeri vicecomitis…[905].  "…Centullo de Begorra et de Bearne…" witnessed the charter dated 6 Jul 1086 under which "Sancio rex et Petrus Sancii filius meus" donated property to Jaca cathedral[906].  Sancho I King of Aragon passed sentence against the family of “García Aznárez of the valley of Tena” who murdered “Centullo count of Bigorre, Sancho´s vassal and Garcia´s lord and fled to Muslim lands[907].  Marca relates the expedition into Aragon of Vicomte Centule [V] and his murder "dans la vallée de Tena", quoting an undated charter under which "Sancius…Rex" records that "comite domino Centullo meum vassallum" came into Tena but was murdered by "Garcia filius Aznar Athonis"[908]

m firstly (repudiated for consanguinity [1074/76]) GISLA, daughter of --- (-before 10 Feb 1101).  Her marriage is confirmed by a letter from Pope Gregory VII dated 11 Mar 1074 to "Centulli comiti" urging him to do penance for marrying "consanguineam tuam"[909].  Her name is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Centullus vicecomes Viarnensis”, recalling his sins and “consanguinitatis uxoris mee” whom he had married “contra Dei legem”, donated Sainte-Foi de Morlaás to Cluny “propter me et propter uxorem meam Gislam et filium meum Guastonem” and to which he sent “dompnam Gislam uxorem meam” to become a nun, with the advice of three eccesiasts “et Bernardi Tumapalerii avunculi mei[910].  No indication has been found about the family relationship between Centule and his first wife.  She died before 10 Feb 1101, the date of the charter under which [her son] “Guastonus...Viarnensis vicecomes” donated revenue from Morlaás, for the souls of “patris et matris mee et...mee et uxoris et filiorum ac filiarum mearum[911]

m secondly (1077 before 24 Jun) BEATRIX de Bigorre, daughter of BERNARD [II] Comte de Bigorre et de Foix & his second wife Etiennette --- (-after 14 Oct 1095).  She succeeded her brother in 1080 as Ctss de Bigorre.  "Centullus comes et uxor mea Beatrix et mater eius Stephania" donated the monastery of Saint-Savin de Lavedan "in comitatu Bigorritano" to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 12 May 1087[912].  “Beatrix comitissa Bigorritana” donated property to the monastery of St Severius de Rostain, which “vir meus Centullus” donated to St Victor de Marseille, confirmed by “Bernardus supradictæ comitissæ filius”, by charter dated 1091 which names “patrem meum Bernardum[913]

Centule [V] & his first wife had two children: 

1.         GASTON [IV] de Béarn (-killed in battle near Valencia 1130).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Centullus vicecomes Viarnensis”, recalling his sins and “consanguinitatis uxoris mee” whom he had married “contra Dei legem”, donated Sainte-Foi de Morlaás to Cluny “propter me et propter uxorem meam Gislam et filium meum Guastonem[914]Vicomte de Béarn.  “Guastonus vicecomes Viarnensis” confirmed the donation made by “pater meus Centullus” to Cluny, and added revenue from Morlaás, “pro me et uxore mea...et pro Centullo filio meo”, by undated charter, dated to after 1090[915].  William of Tyre names "Gentonius de Bear" among those who left on the First Crusade in 1096 with Robert Count of Flanders[916].  Albert of Aix names "…Gastus…de Bederz civitate…" among those who took part in the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[917].  Albert of Aix records that "…Gastus de Bederz…" fought against the Turks at Dorylæum (1 Jul 1097)[918].  Tuebœuf names "Gasto de Biarz" among those present with Raymond "de Saint-Gilles" Comte de Toulouse in 1098[919].  “Guastonus...Viarnensis vicecomes” donated revenue from Morlaás, for the souls of “patris et matris mee et...mee et uxoris et filiorum ac filiarum mearum”, by charter dated 10 Feb 1101[920].  "Bernardus vicecomes" renounced a tax on La Réole before the court of Gascony, before "Astanova comite…de Fedenzac, ac Bernardo de Armanac, necnon Gastone vicecomite de Bearn, et Lupo Anario de Marzan, et Bibiano de Lomonie, et Petro, domino de Gavarred…", by charter dated 1103[921].  "…Gasto vicecomes Bearnensis et Centullus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 8 Jul 1117 under which "Anfussus imperator tocius Ispanie" confirmed an earlier donation of property to Jaca cathedral by his father and older brother[922].  He was one of the leaders of the siege of Zaragoza in 1118, under Alfonso I King of Aragon.  He was granted the lordship of Zaragoza by King Alfonso.  "Stephanus de Caumont…Gaston de Bearn…Robert vicecomes de Tartas…Lobet vicecomes de Maredme…" subscribed the charter dated 1122 under which Guillaume IX Duke of Aquitaine donated half of the town of Bayonne to the church of Sainte-Marie de Bayonne[923].  “Guastonus vicecomes” restored land, on which he had built “unam rudam burgi Sancti Nicholai” to Sainte-Foi de Morlaás, by charter dated 1123[924].  "Gaston de Bearn et mea mulier beçcomitessa" granted property to "Arnald de Lavedan", confirmed by "Centol filio vice comite Gaston", by charter dated 1124[925].  "Adefonsus…rex" donated property to the church of Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated Apr [1127], the dating clause naming "regnante…vicecomes Gasto in Çaragoza…"[926].  "…Gasto Bearnensis vicecomes…" is named as present in the charter dated to [1128] under which "Guilelmus, tocius Aquitanie dux, filius Guilelmi, tocius Aquitanie ducis" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde[927].  He was killed by the Almoravid Governor of Valencia.  m ([1085]) TALESA Sánchez, daughter of conde SANCHO Ramírez de Aragón Señor de Aybar & his [second wife --- de Montaner] (-after Nov 1155).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated early 1134 under which "Talesa vicecomitissa Bearnensis cum filio suo Centullo" donated "hereditatem suam quam habebat in Aierb ex patre suo…Sancius comes" to the abbey of Sauvelade, the document also naming "frater eius [= Sancho] Ranimirus rex"[928].  "Bearnensium proconsul Guasto…cum uxore sua dicta Talesa" granted rights to Saint-Pé by charter dated to [1090][929].  A charter dated to [1119/1136] records a donation of property to the abbey of Saint-Jean de Sorde "coram vicecomitissa Bearnensi…Atelesa"[930].  Señora in Unocastello: Ramiro II King of Aragon granted "casas...de...mauro...Mahomat filio de Paloru" to “Fortunio Date de Boleia” by charter dated Jul 1135, the dating clause of which records “...vicecomitissa domna Taresa de Bearne in Uno Castello...[931].  "Vicecomitissa Talesa iussu domni mei vicecomitis Gaston" donated property "nostram hereditatem quam habeo in Çaragoça…" to the Order of the Temple, with the consent of "domini Petri vicecomitis et nepotis mei", by charter dated 10 Jul 1144[932].  "Talesa vicecomitissa" donated property to her servant by charter dated Nov 1155[933].  Gaston [IV] & his wife had [four or more] children:

a)         CENTULE [VII] de Béarn (-killed in battle Fraga Jul 1134).  “Guastonus vicecomes Viarnensis” confirmed the donation made by “pater meus Centullus” to Cluny, and added revenue from Morlaás, “pro me et uxore mea...et pro Centullo filio meo”, by undated charter, dated to after 1090[934].  "Gaston de Bearn et mea mulier beçcomitessa" granted property to "Arnald de Lavedan", confirmed by "Centol filio vice comite Gaston", by charter dated 1124[935]Vicomte de Béarn.  "Centullus Gastonis filius" confirmed donations by "avus meus Centullus et Gasto pater meus" to Sainte-Foi de Morlaás by charter dated “Non Mar Feria V eodem anno quo pater meus a Mauris in Ispania interfectus fuerat” 1131, in the presence of "mater mea et plures terre mee barones" (naming 13 such barons) and signed “Talesa[936].  The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris names "…Gaston of Béarn, Centulle of Bigorre and Almaric of Narbonne" among those who were killed in the battle of Fraga[937]

b)         son(s) .  “Guastonus...Viarnensis vicecomes” donated revenue from Morlaás, for the souls of “patris et matris mee et...mee et uxoris et filiorum ac filiarum mearum”, by charter dated 10 Feb 1101[938], which shows that the donor had more than one child of each sex who were living at that date. 

c)         GUISCARDE de Béarn (-after 15 Sep 1154).  Her parentage and marriage are suggested by the charter dated 10 Jul 1144 under which "Vicecomitissa Talesa iussu domni mei vicecomitis Gaston" donated property "nostram hereditatem quam habeo in Çaragoça…" to the Order of the Temple, with the consent of "domini Petri vicecomitis et nepotis mei"[939].  A charter dated 8 Aug 1115 records that "Petrus vicecomes cum uxore mea Guiscarda" were obliged to return lands to the monastery of Morlas[940]Vicomtesse de Béarn.  "Guiscarda vicecomitissa Bearnensis et Gavarrensis et…Petrus filius eius" donated property to Sainte-Foi de Morlaás by undated charter (dated to [1135/47]) signed by “G. vicecomitisse, Petri vicecomitis filii eius[941].  A charter dated 15 Sep 1154 records that Arnaud Bishop of Oloron, on the advice of "domine Guiscarde vicecomitisse Bearnensis", authorised a chapel in the hospital of Morlaás at the request of “quidam nobili femina...Juliana[942]m PIERRE [II] Vicomte de Gabarret, son of PIERRE [I] Roger Vicomte de Gabarret & his wife Agnes --- (-[1118/34]). 

d)         [daughter ([1090/1110]-).  The charter dated 1164, under which "Amaneus de Lebreto nepos Gastonis vicecomitis de Bearn" donated "terras suas de Artigavella" to the abbot of Fort-Guilhem[943], appears to confirm that Gaston [IV] was the maternal grandfather of Amanieu [IV] d´Albret although this may not be the only interpretation of "nepos" in this document.   The name of her husband is not known with certainty.  Jaurgain states that he was Bernard Aiz [II] but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[944].  The chronology is such that her husband could also have been Amanieu [III] d´Albret.  m --- d'Albret, son of ---.] 

2.         daughter .  A charter dated to [1085], recording a judicial combat relating to the church of Aurions, names "Bernardus d'Arbocava gener Centulli comitis Bigorrensis"[945].  The chronology is unfavourable for Bernard's wife to have been Centule [VI]'s daughter by his marriage to Beatrix Ctss de Bigorre.  It is therefore likely that she was born from his first marriage.  Jaurgain names her "Osquinette" but he cites no primary source on which this is based[946]m BERNARD d'Arbocave, son of ---. 

Centule [VI] & his second wife had two children: 

3.         BERNARD de Béarn (-1113).  “Beatrix comitissa Bigorritana” donated property to the monastery of St Severius de Rostain, which “vir meus Centullus” donated to St Victor de Marseille, confirmed by “Bernardus supradictæ comitissæ filius”, by charter dated 1091 which names “patrem meum Bernardum[947].  He succeeded his mother as Comte de Bigorre

-        COMTES de BIGORRE

4.         CENTULE (-[1128/30]).  "…Gasto vicecomes Bearnensis et Centullus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 8 Jul 1117 under which "Anfussus imperator tocius Ispanie" confirmed an earlier donation of property to Jaca cathedral by his father and older brother[948]Comte de Bigorre

-        COMTES de BIGORRE

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de BEARN 1134-1173 (GABARRET)

 

 

PIERRE de Gabarret, son of PIERRE de Gabarret & his wife Guiscarde de Béarn (-1150)He succeeded his maternal uncle in 1134 as Vicomte de Béarn.  "Guiscarda vicecomitissa Bearnensis et Gavarrensis et…Petrus filius eius" donated property to Sainte-Foi de Morlaás by undated charter (dated to [1135/47]) signed by “G. vicecomitisse, Petri vicecomitis filii eius[949].  The presence of his mother suggests that Pierre was still a minor at the time of this charter.  "Vicecomitissa Talesa iussu domni mei vicecomitis Gaston" donated property "nostram hereditatem quam habeo in Çaragoça…" to the Order of the Temple, with the consent of "domini Petri vicecomitis et nepotis mei", by charter dated 10 Jul 1144[950]

m ([1145]) as her first husband, MATELLE de Baux, son of RAYMOND de Baux & his wife Etiennette de Gevaudun (-after Oct 1175).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  She married secondly ([1155]) Centule Comte de Bigorre [Marsan]. 

Pierre & his wife had two children: 

1.         GASTON [V] de Béarn (-1170).  A charter records that, after the death of "vicecomitissa Bearnensi…Guascarda", a meeting was convened in Apr 1154 before Ramón Berenguer IV Comte de Barcelona, at which "filiorum Petri vicecomitis Bearnensis olim defuncti" were chosen as her heirs and "puerum parvulum Gastonem" succeeded as vicomte de Béarn[951].  He succeeded as Vicomte de Béarn, under the regency of Ramón Berenguer IV Conde de Barcelona.  m (1165) as her first husband, Infanta doña SANCHA de Navarra, daughter of GARCIA VI King of Navarre & his second wife doña Urraca Alfonso “la Asturiana” de Castilla (1148-1176).  Rodrigo de Toledo records that "Rex Garsias tertiam filiam…Sanciam" married "Gastoni vicecomiti Bearnensi", that the couple died childless and that she married secondly "Petro comiti Molinensi" by whom she had "filium…Aimericum qui fuit vicecomes Narbonensis"[952].  She married secondly (1173) as his first wife, conde don Pedro Manrique de Lara Vicomte de Narbonne. 

2.         MARIE de Béarn (-1186).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1173 under which Alfonso II King of Aragon granted the monastery of Boluestre the right to repurchase possessions of the vicomte de Béarn in Aragon, held by "Ximenis de Artusella", at the request of "dominæ Mariæ de Bearno", and granted rights relating to the fiefs in question to "filiis Guilelmi de Moncada et domina Maria"[953].  She became heir to Béarn on the death of her brother in 1170.  Her inheritance as Vicomtesse de Béarn was confirmed at an assembly at Jaca Apr 1170, in return for a declaration of homage.  "Maria Biarnensis vicecomitissa" swore allegiance to Alfonso II King of Aragon by charter dated 30 Apr 1170, which names "pater meus Petrus de Gavarreto…et Gaston frater meus"[954].  She resigned Béarn to her eldest son in 1173.  m GUILLEM de Montcada, son of GUILLEM Ramon [II] Seneschal of Catalonia & his first wife Beatriu de Montcada (before 1134-1172). 

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES de BEARN 1173-[1310] (MONTCADA)

 

 

GUILLEM de Montcada, son of GUILLEM Ramon [II] Seneschal of Catalonia & his first wife Beatriu de Montcada (before 1134-1172).  A charter dated 5 Aug 1148 records the debt of Ramon Berenguer IV Comte de Barcelona to "Guillelmo Raimundi Dapifer et fratri tuo Otoni ac filio tuo Guillelmo de Montcada"[955].  A charter of Ramon Berenguer IV Comte de Barcelona dated 9 Jun 1159 is subscribed by "Guillelmus de Montcada, Raimundus frater eius"[956].  "Berengarius de la Guardia, filius Reverter" donated property to "Guillelmo Raimundi dapifero et filio tuo Guillelmo de Montcada" by charter dated 3 Apr 1160[957].  Lord of Montcada and Vic.  "Guillelmus de Montecatano" swore allegiance to Alfonso II King of Aragon for "Senioratico de Biarno" by charter dated 1171[958]

m (before 10 Jun 1164[959]) MARIE de Béarn, daughter of PIERRE [de Gabarret] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Matelle de Baux.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1173 under which Alfonso II King of Aragon granted the monastery of Boluestre the right to repurchase possessions of the vicomte de Béarn in Aragon, held by "Ximenis de Artusella", at the request of "dominæ Mariæ de Bearno", and granted rights relating to the fiefs in question to "filiis Guilelmi de Moncada et domina Maria"[960].  She became heir to Béarn on the death of her brother in 1170.  Her inheritance as Vicomtesse de Béarn was confirmed at an assembly at Jaca Apr 1170, in return for a declaration of homage.  "Maria Biarnensis vicecomitissa" swore allegiance to “domino et consanguineo meo Ildefonso regi Aragonensium” by charter dated 30 Apr 1170, which names "pater meus Petrus de Gavarreto…et Gaston frater meus"[961].  She resigned Béarn to her eldest son in 1173. 

Guillem & his wife had four children: 

1.         GASTON de Montcada (1165-1214).  The dating clause of a charter of Lascar dated 1174 records "præsidente in Bearno vicecomite Gastone iuniore de Montecata"[962].  He succeeded in 1173 as GASTON [VI] Vicomte de Béarn on the resignation in his favour of his mother.  He was the ward of Pelegrín de Castillazuelo until [1178][963].  "R. W. vicecomite de Sobola…Gastone vicecomite filio Maria dominante in Bearno" subscribed the charter dated 28 May 1178 under which "Sancius de Larraun cum matre mea Anderequina" donated property to Lascar[964].  "Wastonius III filius Marie" and “Willelmus R frater memorati Gastonis” confirmed donations made by “predecessorum meorum” by undated charters[965].  He was deeply involved in the wars which engulfed Languedoc after the Albigensian Crusade, but was called to account and excommunicated by the church until shortly before his death.  m (betrothed 1192, Notre-Dame de Muret en Béarn, near Maslac 1 Jun [1196 or after]) as her first husband, PETRONILLE de Comminges Comtesse de Bigorre, daughter of BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges & his wife Béatrix III Comtesse de Bigorre (-1251).  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Sep 1192 by which Alfonso II King of Aragon arranged the marriage of "Gaston nobili vicecomiti Bearnensi" and "consanguinea mea filia…Bernardi…comitis de Comenge, nepte Centulli…quondam comitis Bigorritani"[966].  The dating clause of a charter of Notre-Dame de Muret records the marriage of "Gasto" and "filiam Bernardi comitis Conuenarum in eodem loco Kal Jun"[967].  She married secondly (divorced) don Nuño Sanchez de Aragón.  She married thirdly (13 Nov 1216) Guy de Montfort-l’Amaury.  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "Simon de Montfort" married "son fils Guy" to "la comtesse de Bigorre"[968].  She married fourthly ([1221/23]) Aymar de Rancon, and fifthly (1228) Boson de Mastas Seigneur de Cognac

2.         GUILLEN Ramón de Montcada (1166-mid-1224, bur Sainte-Marie d'Oloron)His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 27 Feb 1223 under which "Guillermus Raymundi de Montecatano vicecomes Bearnensis" issued a charter for the church of Tarragona and named "Guillermi filii mei", and referred to the testament of "bonæ memoriæ fratris mei Gastonis vicecomitis Bearnensis"[969].  He inherited the Montcada patrimony under the 1173 will of his paternal grandfather.  He succeeded his brother in 1214 as Vicomte de Béarn.   

-        see below

3.         SAURINA de Montcada .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1173.  

4.         MARIE de Montcada ([1166/72]-after 1211).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1211 under which “Senebrun de Goth” donated property to the church of Rouillac, for the soul of “Bernard son père et pour les comtes d´Astarac ses prédecesseurs”, with the consent of “Raimond son fils aîné” and in the presence of “Gaston vicomte de Béarn frère de Marie épouse du donateur[970]m SENEBRUN [I] de Goth, son of BERNARD [I] de Goth & his wife --- (-after 1211). 

 

 

GUILLEN Ramón de Montcada, son of GUILLEN de Montcada [II] Señor de Montcada y Vic & his wife Marie de Béarn (1166-mid-1224, bur Sainte-Marie d'Oloron)He inherited the Montcada patrimony under the 1173 will of his grandfather.  "Wastonius III filius Marie" and “Willelmus R frater memorati Gastonis” confirmed donations made by “predecessorum meorum” by undated charters[971].  It appears that he was responsible for the murder in 1194 of his wife's uncle Berenguer de Vilademuls, Archbishop of Tarragona, who was closely associated with don Alfonso II King of Aragon, Conde de Barcelona, in his struggle with the Cabrera-Castellbò party of which Guillem Ramon was a member.  Although not directly punished for the crime, he spent much of the following 20 years in exile.  He succeeded his brother in 1214 as GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de Béarn.  He resettled in Catalonia in [1215], seeking penance in Rome[972].  "W. R…vicecomes Bearnensis" wrote to Henry III King of England, dated to [1219], assuring him of the loyalty of the citizens of Bayonne[973].  "Guillermus Raymundi de Montecatano vicecomes Bearnensis" issued a charter for the church of Tarragona dated 27 Feb 1223, which names "Guillermi filii mei" and refers to the testament of "bonæ memoriæ fratris mei Gastonis vicecomitis Bearnensis"[974]

m (before 1185) [as her first husband,] GUILLEMA de Castellvell, daughter of GUILLEM [V] Senyor de Castellvell de Rosanes & his wife --- (-[1226/28]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Annals of Surita which record that her son "Don Guillen de Moncada, hijo de Don Guillen Ramon de Moncada y de Donna Guillelma de Casteluell, que caso con la viscondessa de Bearne" was not present at the battle of Muret in 1213 but sent messengers to the king[975].  She was abandoned by her husband and married secondly (bigamously, 1202) as his first wife, Aimery [III] Vicomte de Narbonne.  She returned to Catalonia after separating from her second husband in 1208[976].  She succeeded her brother in 1205 as Senyora de Castellvell de Rosanes, Mara, El Far, Pontous, Benviure, Llvaneres, Olesa, Voltrera. 

Mistress (1): NAVARRA, daughter of ---. 

Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLEN de Moncada ([1185]-1229).  The Annals of Surita record that "Don Guillen de Moncada, hijo de Don Guillen Ramon de Moncada y de Donna Guillelma de Casteluell, que caso con la viscondessa de Bearne" was not present at the battle of Muret in 1213 but sent messengers to the king[977].  This source confuses Guillen with his paternal grandfather, in relation to the marriage with the heiress of Béarn, which would be impossible from a chronological point of view.  He became an active member of a coalition of barons which became a council of regency for don Jaime I King of Aragon, Conde de Barcelona, in Sep 1216[978].  He was appointed procurator for Catalonia by Jul 1219[979], but fell into conflict with King Jaime [1221].  "Guillermus Raymundi de Montecatano vicecomes Bearnensis" issued a charter for the church of Tarragona dated 27 Feb 1223, which names "Guillermi filii mei" and refers to the testament of "bonæ memoriæ fratris mei Gastonis vicecomitis Bearnensis"[980].  He succeeded his father in 1224 as GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Béarn et d’Oloron.  m GERSENDE de Provence, daughter of ALFONSO de Aragón Comte de Provence & his wife Gersende de Sabran Ctss de Forcalquier.  Garsindis comitissa mater Gastonis...vicecomitis Bearni” agreed the marriage contract between “dictum dominum Gastonem...Marguaritam filiam” and “Rogerium...comitem Fuxensem et vicecomitem Castri-boni...Rogerium Bernardi filium”, dated 14 Oct 1252[981].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Guillaume [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         CONSTANCE de BéarnThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Diego Lopez señor de Biscaya" married "D. Constança de Bearne hermana de Gascon de Bearne"[982].  m DIEGO López, Señor de Vizcaya, Señor de Haro, son of LOPE Díaz “Cabeza bravo” Señor de Vizcaya, Señor de Haro & his wife Urraca Alfonso de León (-Baños de Río Tobia 4 Oct 1254, bur Santa María la Real de Nájera). 

b)         GASTON de Béarn (1225-26 Apr 1290).  He succeeded his father in 1229 as GASTON [VII] Vicomte de Béarn

-        see below

c)         [RAMONA de Moncadam GUERAU [V] Señor de Cabrera, Vizconde de Gerona, Vizconde de Ager, son of GUERAU [IV] Señor de Cabrera, Vizconde de Cabrera, Vizconde de Ager & his wife doña Eilo Pérez de Castro (-[1242]).] 

2.         MARTÍ de Montcada .  1198/1225. 

3.         ADALMURS .  1215. 

Guillaume [I] had four illegitimate children by Mistress (1):   

4.          BERENGER RAYMOND .  1214/18.  m ELISSENDA de Rocafort, daughter of ---. 

5.          NAVARRA .  1214. 

6.          GUILLAUME .  1214. 

7.          BERNARD .  1214. 

 

 

GASTON de Béarn, son of GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Gersende de Provence [Aragón] (1225-26 Apr 1290).  He succeeded his father in 1229 as GASTON [VII] Vicomte de Béarn.  He was defeated in 1248 by Simon de Montfort[983].  Matthew Paris records that "Guasto de Biarde" was brought to England in 1250 by Simon de Montfort and pardoned[984].  "Petronilla comitissa Bigorre et vicecomitissa Marcianensis" donated all her property inherited "ex bonis patris nostri" to "Gastoni de Bearnio et Mathe uxori vestre et filie nostre" by charter dated 1250[985].  He allied himself in [1252] with Alfonso X "el Sabio" King of Castile who revived the Castilian claim to Gascony[986].  "Gasto…vicecomes Bearnensis et de Marciano et…domina Matha uxor eiusdem" recognised the rights of "domino Eschivato…comiti Biguorre et domino Cabanasii", in accordance with "dictum vel arbitrium domini R….comitis Faxi [Fuxi]", by charter dated 16 Sep 1256[987].  "Esquivardus de Chabanes comes Biguorre et Jordanus eius frater" confirmed the grant of "totum comitatum Biguorre", which "dominus Gasto Bearnensis" had devastated and which they could not defend, to "domino Symoni…comiti Lincestrie" by charter dated 6 Aug 1261[988].  His testament is dated 21 Apr 1290[989]

m firstly MATHE [Amata] de Marsan [Mastas] daughter of BOSON de Marsan Comte de Bigorre & his wife Pétronille Comtesse de Bigorre (after 1228-[6 Feb 1270/Apr 1273]).  "Petronilla comitissa Bigorre et vicecomitissa Marcianensis" donated all her property inherited "ex bonis patris nostri" to "Gastoni de Bearnio et Mathe uxori vestre et filie nostre" by charter dated 1250[990].  The testament of "domina Petronilla comitissa Bigorre", dated 1251, appointed "dominum Esquivatum nepotem meum filium filie mee domine Aalis" as her heir "in…comitatu Bigorre", and if he died childless "dominus Jordanus frater dicti domini Esquivati", failing whom "domine Mathe filie mee"[991].  "Gasto…vicecomes Bearnensis et de Marciano et…domina Matha uxor eiusdem" recognised the rights of "domino Eschivato…comiti Biguorre et domino Cabanasii", in accordance with "dictum vel arbitrium domini R….comitis Faxi [Fuxi]", by charter dated 16 Sep 1256[992].  The contract between "domini Gastonis…vicecomitis Bearnensis" and "Alfonso…regi Castellæ et dominæ Violant reginæ Castellæ…uxori" provides for the marriage between "Guillelmam filiam" of the former to "infanti domino Sancio filio" of the latter, and names "dominæ Mathæ eius uxoris", dated 6 Feb 1270[993]

m secondly (contract 2 Apr 1273) as her second husband, BEATRIX de Savoie, widow of GUIGUES Dauphin de Viennois Comte d'Albon [Bourgogne-Capet], daughter of PIERRE de Savoie [later PIERRE II Comte de Savoie] & his wife Agnès dame de Faucigny ([1237]-21 Apr 1310, bur Faucigny, Chartreuse convent of Melans).  The marriage contract of "Beatrix Dalphina Viennensis domina de Fulciniaco filia quondam Dni Petri comitis Sabaudie" and "domino Gastoni vicecomiti Bearnensi" is dated 2 Apr 1273[994].  This marriage is confirmed by the agreement dated 15 Dec 1284 under which "Gastone Visconte di Bearn Signore di Montricher e Castelvecchio" and "Beatrice figlia del Conte Pietro di Savoia Dama di Faussign sua Consorte" reached agreement with "Umberto Signore di Thoire ed Anna Delfina sua Consorte" concering Comte Gaston's claim to the county of Vienne[995]

Gaston [VII] & his first wife had four children:

1.         CONSTANCE de Béarn ([1245/50]-26 Apr 1310)Zurita records the marriage of “el Infante Don Alonso” and “Doña Costança hija primogenita de Don Gaston Vizconde de Bearne, que fue hijo de Don Guillen de Moncada”, in 1260[996].  Alfonso X King of Castile approved the arrangements for the marriages of "el infante de Castilla don Manuel y Alonso Manuel" and "doña Constanza y doña Guillerma de Monacada, respectivamente, hijas de Gastón de Moncada vizconde de Bearne" by charter dated 1266[997]The marriage contract between “Gastonem vicecomitem Bearnensem dominum Montis-Cathani et Castriveteris...primogenitam nostram dominam Constantiam” and “Henrico regis Alemanniæ primogenito” is dated 1268, and names “domina Matha coniuge nostra[998].  The Annales Londonienses record the marriage in 1269 of "Ricardus rex Alemanniæ…Henricus eiusdem regis filius" and "filiam Gastuni de Byerne"[999].  The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records that “Romanorum regis primogenitus…Henricus” repudiated “uxore sua…filia…Gastonis de Bierna” in 1270[1000].  She succeeded her mother as Comtesse de Bigorre, Vicomtesse de Marsan.  Edward I King of England recorded the marriage contract between “sa chere cosyne...Constance jadis femme de...Henri de Alemaine nostre cosyne” and “Edmun Genenue neuuz le esveke de Lengris et nostre cosyn” by charter dated 1279[1001].  A charter dated 1 Sep 1283 records that "dominam Constantiam primogenitam…Guastonis vicecomitis Bearnii et dominæ Mathæ uxoris suæ defunctæ…comitissam Bigoriæ" succeeded as comtesse de Bigorre, following the deaths of "domino Esquivato et domino Jordano nepotibus quondam dominæ P. comitisse Bigorræ"[1002].  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[1003]m firstly (Calatayud 23 Mar 1260) Infante don ALFONSO de Aragón, son of JAIME I “El Conquistador” King of Aragon & his first wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla (before Feb 1228-Calatayud 26 Mar 1260, bur Santa María de Veruela).  Betrothed (1266) to Infante don MANUEL de Castilla, Señor de Escalona, Peñafiel y Villena, son of FERNANDO III "el Santo" King of Castile & his first wife Elisabeth von Hohenstaufen (Carrión de los Condes 1234-Peñafiel 25 Dec 1283, bur Uclés, Santiago convent).  m secondly (Windsor Castle 5 or 15 May 1269, repudiated 1270) HENRY of Cornwall, son of RICHARD Earl of Cornwall & his first wife Isabel Marshal of Pembroke (Haughley Castle, Suffolk 2, 4 or 12 Nov 1235-murdered Viterbo, Italy 13 Mar 1271, bur Hayles Abbey, Gloucestershire).  m thirdly ([Jun/Aug] 1279) as his second wife, AIMON [II] Comte de Genève, son of RAOUL Comte de Genève & his wife Marie de Coligny (-18 Nov 1280). 

2.         MARGUERITE de Béarn ([1245/50]-after 1310).  “Garsindis comitissa mater Gastonis...vicecomitis Bearni” agreed the marriage contract between “dictum dominum Gastonem...Marguaritam filiam” and “Rogerium...comitem Fuxensem et vicecomitem Castri-boni...Rogerium Bernardi filium”, dated 14 Oct 1252[1004].  She succeeded her father in 1290 as Vicomtesse de Béarn, and her sister in 1310 as Comtesse de Bigorre.  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[1005].  She was ancestor of the later Comtes de Bigorre and Vicomtes de Béarn.  m (Layrac {Tarn-et-Garonne} 14 Oct 1252) ROGER Bernard de Foix, son of ROGER IV Comte de Foix & his wife Brunissenda de Cardona ([after 1231]-3 Mar 1303).  He succeeded his father in 1265 as ROGER Bernard III Comte de Foix

3.         MATHE de Béarn ([1245/55]-after 1317).  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ [presumably mistranscription for Mathæ] comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[1006].  Heiress of Gebardan, Eauzan and Brulbrois-en-partie.  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[1007]m (1260) GERAUD [VI] Comte d'Armagnac, Vicomte de Fézenzaguet son of ROGER d'Armagnac Vicomte de Fézenzaguet [Lomagne] & his wife Pucelle d'Albret (-1280). 

4.         GUILLELME de Béarn ([1245/55]-1309).  Alfonso X King of Castile approved the arrangements for the marriages of "el infante de Castilla don Manuel y Alonso Manuel" and "doña Constanza y doña Guillerma de Monacada, respectivamente, hijas de Gastón de Moncada vizconde de Bearne" by charter dated 1266[1008].  The contract between "domini Gastonis…vicecomitis Bearnensis" and "Alfonso…regi Castellæ et dominæ Violant reginæ Castellæ…uxori" provides for the marriage between "Guillelmam filiam" of the former to "infanti domino Sancio filio" of the latter, witnessed by "domino Lop…domino de Biscaia, Didaco Lopi de Haro…"[1009].  The contract between "domini Gastonis…vicecomitis Bearnensis" and "Alfonso…regi Castellæ et dominæ Violant reginæ Castellæ…uxori" provides for the marriage between "Guillelmam filiam" of the former to "infanti domino Sancio filio" of the latter, witnessed by "domino Lop…domino de Biscaia, Didaco Lopi de Haro…", dated 6 Feb 1270[1010].  The Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner records the marriage of "l´infant Pierre" and "madame Guillelmine de Muncada, fille de Gaston de Béarn", dated to 1295[1011].  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[1012]Betrothed (contract Alcazar de Sevilla 12 Mar 1266) to ALFONSO Manuel, son of Infante don Manuel de Castilla y León, Señor de Escalona y Peñafiel, & his first wife Infanta doña Constanza de Aragón ([1261]-Montpellier 1275, bur Uclés, Santiago convent).  Betrothed (6 Feb 1270, contract broken before 1281) to Infante don SANCHO de Castilla y León, son of ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile and León & his wife Infante doña Violante de Aragón (Valladolid 12 May 1258-Toledo 25 Apr 1295, bur Toledo, Cathedral Santa María).  He succeeded his father in 1284 as SANCHO IV "el Bravo" King of Castile and Leónm (28 Aug 1291) Infante don PEDRO de Aragón, son of PEDRO III King of Aragon & his wife Constanza of Sicily [Hohenstaufen] ([1275]-Tordehumos 30 Aug 1296). 

Gaston [VII] had five illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

5.          RAYMOND de Béarn .  Archdeacon of Larbaig 1317.  Archdeacon of Rivière 1319.  Canon at Pamiers. 

6.          ARNAUD GUILLAUME de Béarn .  Seigneur et Baron de Lescun 1298.  m CLARMONDE de Lescun, daughter of FORTANER Seigneur de Lescun & his wife Sibylle de Navailles. 

7.          BERNARD de Béarn dit l´Aspes .  Seigneur d´Arudy.  Seigneur d´Amou.  m (before 24 Sep 1319) ESTIE d´Amou, daughter of GAILLARD Seigneur d´Amou & his wife Agnes de Poylohault. 

8.          CONDOR de Béarnm ARNAUD GUILLAUME Seigneur et Baron d´Andoins, son of ---. 

9.          GILLETTE de Béarn .  Abbesse of Beyries at Marsan. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    VICOMTES de BEZAUME

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de BEZAUME

 

 

The vicomté at Bezaume is first recorded in the late 10th century.  Its precise territory has not yet been identified but it is probable that it lay in north-eastern Gascony adjacent to the county of Agen.  It is possible that the Sires d´Albret (see Chapter 2), who became a powerful influence in south-west France and Navarre in the 15th and early 16th centuries, descended from the first dynasty of vicomtes de Bezaume. 

 

 

 

 

1.         AMANIEU Sancho .  "Garsias Sanctii consul filius regis Sancii" granted "Astaracensem pagum" to "Arnaldo filio meo" by charter dated to [920], signed by "Garciæ Sancii Consulis, Sancii Wilhelmi comitis filii, Salii Vivari, Sancii Amanevi, Gumbaudi, Eneci fratris eius"[1013].  Jaurgain states that Amanieu Sancho was the fifth son of Sancho Garcia Duke of Gascony, appearing to assume that he was the same person as "Sancii Amanevi" who signed the [920] charter, and that he was ancestor of the Vicomtes de Bezaume and Sires d´Albret[1014].  He cites no primary source which confirms the relationship.  However, according to his reconstruction, Amauvin [Aimon] (ancestor of the vicomtes de Bezaume) and Amanieu (ancestor of the sires d´Albret) were brothers and were the same persons as "duobus consanguineus nostris Aymone…et Aymonio" who confirmed the charter dated 3 Apr [1009] under which "Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever[1015]

 

According to Jaurgain, Utzan Amanieu and Arnaud Amanieu were brothers and sons of Amanieu Sancho, shown above[1016].  The patronymics indicate that this may be correct, but there appears to be no direct information which confirms that it is the case. 

2.         UTZAN Amanieu (-after 978).  "…Utzan Amaneii, Seguini vicecomitis, Arcolidat vicecomitis, Arnoldi Amaneii" subscribed the charter dated 977 under which "Gumboldus episcopus et frater meus Willelmus Sancio dux Vasconum" re-established the monastery of La Réole[1017].  "…Utzan Amanieu, Arnald Amanieu" subscribed the charter dated 978 under which "Gumboldus episcopus…regionis dux" confirmed an exchange of property between the monks of La Réole and his vassal "Arsia"[1018]

3.         ARNAUD Amanieu (-after 978).  "…Utzan Amaneii, Seguini vicecomitis, Arcolidat vicecomitis, Arnoldi Amaneii" subscribed the charter dated 977 under which "Gumboldus episcopus et frater meus Willelmus Sancio dux Vasconum" re-established the monastery of La Réole[1019].  "…Utzan Amanieu, Arnald Amanieu" subscribed the charter dated 978 under which "Gumboldus episcopus…regionis dux" confirmed an exchange of property between the monks of La Réole and his vassal "Arsia"[1020]

 

4.         ARNAUD (-after Nov 982).  Vicomte de Bezaume.  A vine was donated by charter dated Nov 982 "regnante Guillelmo Sancio comite, captinentia Arnaldo vicecomiti"[1021]

 

Two possible brothers: 

5.         AMAUVIN [Aimon] (-before 1026).  The Vita Sancti Abbonis Floriacensis names Amauvin as prepositus at the monastery of la Réole at the end of the 10th century[1022].  According to Jaurgain, Amauvin was the son of Utzan Amanieu, named above, but he cites no primary source which either confirms that this is correct or provides Amauvin´s patronymic[1023].  "Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever, confirmed by "germano meo Sancio et beatæ memoriæ matre mea Urraca, cum duobus consanguineus nostris Aymone…et Aymonio", by charter dated 3 Apr [1009][1024].  According to Jaurgain, "Aymone…et Aymonio" were brothers[1025]m ROSENBERGE, daughter of --- (-before 1026).  "Vicecomes Rodulfus, qui et…Artaldus" donated property "in pago Bezelmelsi" to Saint-Pierre de Réole, for the souls of "patris mei Amalvini et matris mee Rosenberge et fratris mei Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 1026[1026].  Amalvin & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-before 1026).  Vicomte de Bezaume.  "Vicecomes Rodulfus, qui et…Artaldus" donated property "in pago Bezelmelsi" to Saint-Pierre de Réole, for the souls of "patris mei Amalvini et matris mee Rosenberge et fratris mei Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 1026[1027]

b)         RODOLPHE ARTAUD (-after 1026).  Vicomte de Bezaume"Vicecomes Rodulfus, qui et…Artaldus" donated property "in pago Bezelmelsi" to Saint-Pierre de Réole, for the souls of "patris mei Amalvini et matris mee Rosenberge et fratris mei Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 1026[1028]m ---.  The name of Rodolphe´s wife is not known.  Rodolphe & his wife had [one possible] child: 

i)          [AMAUVINE (-after [1097]).  According to Jaurgain, Amauvine was the daughter of Rodolphe Artaud, named above, but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[1029]Vicomtesse de Bezaume.  "Guillelmus Amanei de Benavias et uxor eius Amalvina" donated two serfs to Grande-Sauve for "filio suo Guillelmo Amanei" who was on crusade, by charter dated to [1097][1030]m GUILLAUME AMANIEU d'Albret, son of AMANIEU [I] Sire d'Albret & his wife --- (-after [1097]).  Vicomte de Bezaume.  Comte de Benauges.] 

6.         [AMANIEU (-after [1030]).  "Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever, confirmed by "germano meo Sancio et beatæ memoriæ matre mea Urraca, cum duobus consanguineus nostris Aymone…et Aymonio", by charter dated 3 Apr [1009][1031].  According to Jaurgain, "Aymone…et Aymonio" were brothers[1032].  Amanieu signed a charter dated to [1030] under which Sancho Guillaume Duke of Gascony donated property to the church of Saint-André de Bordeaux[1033].  Jaurgain identifies Amanieu as ancestor of the sires d´Albret[1034].] 

-        SIRES d´ALBRET

 

 

GUILLAUME AMANIEU d'Albret, son of AMANIEU [I] Sire d'Albret & his wife --- (-after [1097]).  "Willelmus Amanei, Bernardi fratris eius" subscribed charters of Grande-Sauve dated to [1079/89][1035]Vicomte de Bezaume.  Comte de Benauges.  "Guillelmus Amanei de Benavias et uxor eius Amalvina" donated two serfs to Grande-Sauve for "filio suo Guillelmo Amanei" who was on crusade, by charter dated to [1097][1036]

m AMAUVINE Vicomtesse de Bezaume, daughter of [RODOLPHE ARTAUD Vicomte de Bezaume & his wife ---] (-after [1097]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Guillelmus Amanei de Benavias et uxor eius Amalvina" donated two serfs to Grande-Sauve for "filio suo Guillelmo Amanei" who was on crusade, by charter dated to [1097][1037]

Guillaume Amanieu & his wife had one child: 

1.         GUILLAUME AMANIEU [II] de Bezaume (-before 1103).  "Guillelmus Amanei de Benavias et uxor eius Amalvina" donated two serfs to Grande-Sauve for "filio suo Guillelmo Amanei" who was on crusade, by charter dated to [1097][1038].  William of Tyre names "Guilhermus Amaneus" among those present at the capture of Antioch in 1098[1039]Vicomte de Bezaume et de Benauges.  m ---.  The name of Guillaume Amanieu's wife is not known.  Guillaume Amanieu [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [BERNARD (-after 1103).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, but the chronology suggests that he was the son of Guillaume Amanieu [II].   Vicomte de Bezaume.  "Bernardus vicecomes" renounced a tax on La Réole before the court of Gascony, before "Astanova comite…de Fedenzac, ac Bernardo de Armanac, necnon Gastone vicecomite de Bearn, et Lupo Anario de Marzan, et Bibiano de Lomonie, et Petro, domino de Gavarred…", by charter dated 1103[1040].]  m ---.  The name of Bernard's wife is not known.  Bernard & his wife had [one] child: 

i)          [GUILLAUME AMANIEU [III] (-1155 or after, or after 1179).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified but the chronology suggests that he was the son of Bernard.   Vicomte de Bezaume.  "Guillelmus Amanei vicecomes de Bezaumes" signed a charter dated to [1125] under which Guillaume IX Duke of Aquitaine donated property to Grande-Sauve, and signed three more charters relating to the same monastery dated 1155[1041].  A charter dated 1179 notes concessions made to "Vuilhelmo Amanevi de Benauges vicecomiti Vesalmensi" to ensure he protects the domains of Lobagnac[1042].]  m ---.  The name of Guillaume Amanieu's wife is not known.  Guillaume Amanieu [III] & his wife had one child:

(a)       daughter .  She is referred to by Jaurgain as daughter and heiress of Guillaume Amanieu [III], and wife of "Bernard de Gabarret dit de Boville", but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[1043]m BERNARD de Boville, son of --- (-after [1175]).  Vicomte de Bezaume

b)         VITAPOI .  The Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis names "filia Amani seu Amaniei Gasconis…Vitapoi" as wife of "Willelmus Taillefer Engolismensis Comes" and mother of Comte Vulgrin II[1044]m GUILLAUME V Comte d'Angoulême, son of FOULQUES "Taillefer" Comte d'Angoulême & his wife Condoha d'Eu (-near Deutz 1120, bur Deutz St Heribert). 

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de BEZAUME (BOVILLE)

 

 

1.         BERNARD de Boville (-after [1175]).  Jaurgain refers to him as "Bernard de Gabarret dit de Boville", suggesting that he was descended from one of the sons of Pierre Roger Vicomte de Gabarret, probably the son named Roger (without providing the basis for this speculation but presumably because this was the name of Bernard´s second son)[1045].  However, no primary source has yet been found which names him "Gabarret".  The question is therefore whether there has been confusion because of the family´s later connection with Pierre de Gabaret.  Vicomte de Bezaume.  "Bernardus de Bouvilla vicecomes" and "Arnaud de Blanquefort et Guillaume-Hélie [de Puy-Paulin] chevaliers" declared themselves defenders of the monastery of Grande-Sauve by charter dated to [1175][1046]m --- de Bezaume, daughter of GUILLAUME AMANIEU [III] Vicomte de Bezaume & his wife ---.  She is referred to by Jaurgain as daughter and heiress of Guillaume Amanieu [III], and wife of "Bernard de Gabarret dit de Boville", but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[1047].  Bernard & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [GUILLEMETTE (-after 9 Sep 1242)Vicomtesse de Bezaume.  Henry III King of England granted dower to "Willelme vicecomitisse de Byeaumes uxori…Petri de Gaveret" dated 13 Dec 1228[1048].  "Willielmam vicecomitissam de Benauges et Bernardum de Bovilla filius eius" were in dispute with the abbot of Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux, recorded in a charter dated 9 Sep 1242[1049].  According to Jaurgain, Guillemette was the wife of Pierre de Gabarret, son of Bernard de Boville Vicomte de Bezaume[1050].  He cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct.  Both the sources which are quoted above suggest that Guillemette was vicomtesse in her own right which, if correct, would mean that she was the daughter of Bernard de Boville Vicomte de Bezaume.  In addition, none of the sources which name Pierre de Gabarret refer to him as Vicomte de Bezaume.  [m firstly ---.]  m [secondly] PIERRE de Gabarret, son of --- (-before 21 May 1242).  Guillemette [& her first husband] had three children: 

i)          BERNARD de Boville (-after 9 Sep 1242).  "Willielmam vicecomitissam de Benauges et Bernardum de Bovilla filius eius" were in dispute with the abbot of Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux, recorded in a charter dated 9 Sep 1242[1051]

ii)         GERAUD

iii)        ERMENGARDE .  Prioress of Coiroux. 

Guillemette & her [second] husband had one child: 

iv)       PIERRE de Gabarret (-after [1250]).  "P de Gavarretto vicecomes Vezalinensis et dominus de Benaujas" abandoned rights to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux by charter dated [1250?] which names "Guillelmi Amanevi avi mei"[1052]

 

2.         GUILLAUME de Boville (-after 3 Apr 1198).  Pierre de Gabarret [Vicomte de Bezaume] was present with "Guillaume de Boville" at an assembly held at Bordeaux 3 Apr 1198 to celebrate the canonisation of Saint Géraud, founder of Grande-Sauve[1053].  He may have been a younger brother of Bernard de Gabarret Vicomte de Bezaume. 

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Gabarret (-before 21 May 1242)Vicomte de Bezaume et de Bénauges.  Seigneur de Saint-Macaire et en partie de Langon.  Pierre de Gabarret [Vicomte de Bezaume] was present with "Guillaume de Boville" at an assembly held at Bordeaux 3 Apr 1198 to celebrate the canonisation of Saint Géraud, founder of Grande-Sauve[1054].  Pierre de Gabaret Vicomte de Bezaume donated property to Sainte-Marie d´Auch by charter dated 12 Apr 1205[1055].  Pierre de Gabaret Vicomte de Bezaume submitted his dispute with Guillaume abbé de Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux to arbitration in 1219 and swore allegiance to Henry III King of England in 1228[1056].  Henry III King of England granted money to the archbishop of Bordeaux, "Petri de Gaveretto et Willelmi Reimundi Columb, civis nostri Burdegalensis" acting as fiduciaries, dated 20 Apr 1229[1057]m (before 13 Dec 1228) [as her second husband,] GUILLEMETTE, daughter of [BERNARD de Boville Vicomte de Bezaume & his wife --- de Bezaume] (-after 13 Dec 1228).  Henry III King of England granted dower to "Willelme vicecomitisse de Byeaumes uxori…Petri de Gaveret" dated 13 Dec 1228[1058].  "Willielmam vicecomitissam de Benauges et Bernardum de Bovilla filius eius" were in dispute with the abbot of Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux, recorded in a charter dated 9 Sep 1242[1059]

2.         ROGER de Gabarret (-after 2 Jul 1242). 

-        SEIGNEURS de LANGON[1060]

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de CAUMONT

 

 

The town of Caumont of which the following were seigneurs has not been identified beyond doubt.  It may be Caumont-sur-Garonne, in the département of Lot-et-Garonne. 

 

 

1.         DODON de Caumont (-after 1130).  “...Dodonis de Caumonte...” subscribed the undated charter under which Alphonse Comte de Toulouse constructed a bridge over the Garonne river[1061].  Père Anselme states that Dodon was living “en 1110, 1120 et 1130” but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[1062]

 

2.         SANCHO de Caumont (-after 1136).  Père Anselme states that “Sanchez seigneur de Caumont” was the son of Dodon and was living “en 1136 suivant un titre qui se trouve dans les archives de Bazas, qui porte qu’en cette année Raimond Bernard évêque d’ Agen vint à main armée forcer et brûler la ville de Bazas” but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[1063]

 

3.         RICHARD de Caumont .  Père Anselme names “Richard seigneur de Caumont” as son of “Sanchez seigneur de Caumont” father of the brothers Begon and Nompar who are named below but provides no other information about his life[1064].  The dates of charters in which the brothers Begon and Nompar are named suggests that the chronology of this reported descent is impossible. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         NOMPAR de Caumont (-after 7 Apr 1243).  Père Anselme records that “Bec seigneur de Caumont” and his brother “Nompar de Caumont” donated “le prieuré de Merignac près Miramont en Albigeois” to Grandmont by charter dated 1211[1065].  “Nomparius de Cavomonte, Bego de Cavomonte, Ar. Ot vicecomes Lomanie, W. Ramundi de Pinibus dominus Talhaburgi, Ar. de Marmanda...” subscribed the charter dated 3 Sep 1238 under which Raymond Comte de Toulouse swore homage to the abbot of Sarlat for Bainac[1066].  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Begonis de Calvomonte...Nopars de Caumont...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[1067]

2.         BEGON de Caumont (-after 7 Apr 1243).  Père Anselme records that “Bec seigneur de Caumont” and his brother “Nompar de Caumont” donated “le prieuré de Merignac près Miramont en Albigeois” to Grandmont by charter dated 1211[1068].  “Nomparius de Cavomonte, Bego de Cavomonte, Ar. Ot vicecomes Lomanie, W. Ramundi de Pinibus dominus Talhaburgi, Ar. de Marmanda...” subscribed the charter dated 3 Sep 1238 under which Raymond Comte de Toulouse swore homage to the abbot of Sarlat for Bainac[1069].  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Begonis de Calvomonte...Nopars de Caumont...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[1070]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] de Caumont (-after Oct 1226).  “Guillelmus de Calvomonte” swore allegiance to Louis VIII King of France for “Calvummontem cum pertinentiis, Seinchentin, Montem-petrosum, Castrum-novum, Mondailles, Sanctum Cosmam, Seferac, Croejox, Rocam Lauram” and his properties “apud Belvoier, Seinchiele, Salgues, Rocam, Mielet, Parlan et Soiserac in Caturcesio” by charter dated Oct 1226[1071].  The editor of this compilation names him “Guillaume de Caumont en Quercy (Lot-et-Garonne)” which suggests that his family may be different from the Caumont family of Gironde. 

 

2.         GUILLAUME [II] de Caumont (-after 1260).  Père Anselme names “Guillaume II seigneur de Caumont” as the son of Guillaume [I] and records that he swore homage to Alphonse de France Comte de Toulouse for “sa terre et seigneurie de Caumont” in 1260[1072]

 

 

1.         BERTRAND de Caumont (-before 1314)Seigneur de Caumont.  Père Anselme names “Bertrand seigneur de Caumont, de Samazan et de Montpouillan” as the son of Guillaume [II] but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[1073]m (before 15 Jun 1271) INDIA de l´Isle-Jourdain, daughter of JOURDAIN de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Faydite ---.  A charter dated 15 Jun 1271 records the receipt by "domina India filia...domini Jordani, domini Insule", with the consent of "domini Bertrandi de Calvomonte...viri sui", of her dowry from "dominus Jordanus de Insula pater eius...et domine Fayside matris dicte India"[1074].  Bertrand & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME [III] de Caumont (-1337).  Seigneur de Caumontm MIRAMONDE de Mauléon, daughter of OGER de Mauléon Vicomte de Soule & his wife ---.  Guillaume [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME RAYMOND de Caumont (-1371).  Seigneur de Caumont.  m ESCLARMONDE de Pins, daughter of SANSANER des Pins Seigneur de Taillebourg & his wife Jeanne de Périgord dame de Lavardac. 

-         SEIGNEURS de CAUMONT

ii)         INDIA de Caumont m firstly (1316) as his second wife, GASTON d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet, son of GERAUD [VI] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Mathe de Béarn (-1319).  m secondly (17 Jul 1323) as his second wife, GUY de Comminges Seigneur de Figeac, son of BERNARD [VII] Comte de Comminges & his wife Laure de Montfort (-1365). 

b)         TALESE de Caumontm (3 Aug 1294) ARNAUD de Gironde, son of ARNAUD Seigneur de Gironde & his wife ---. 

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de DURAS (DURFORT)

 

 

The castle of Duras is located east of Bordeaux in the present-day French département of Gironde. 

 

 

1.         BERNARD de Durfort (-after 7 Apr 1243).  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Bernardi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[1075]

 

2.         ARNAUD de Durfort (-after 7 Apr 1243).  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Bernardi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[1076]

 

3.         ARNAUD de Durfort (-after 7 Apr 1243).  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Bernardi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[1077]

 

 

1.         --- m as her first husband, ALPAIS du Bugat, daughter of ---.  She married secondly [as his first wife,] Gaillard de Goth.  Two children: 

a)         ARNAUD de Durfort (-after 25 Feb 1326)Seigneur de Durasm (before 16 Jan 1306) MARQUISE de Goth, daughter of ARNAUD GARSIE de Goth Vicomte de Lomagne & his first wife Blanche --- (-before 1326).  The testament of Bertrand de Goth dated 10 May 1324 names his daughter as comtesse d´Armagnac but provides for the succession of "ses deux sœurs Régine épouse de Bernard de Durfort et Marquise épouse d´Arnaud de Durfort" if his daughter died childless[1078]m secondly ([1326]) as her second husband, CATHERINE de Grailly, widow of JOURDAIN de Lísle-Jourdain, daughter of [PIERRE [I] de Grailly & his [first wife Talese de Bouville] (before 20 Jul 1333).  Edward II King of England wrote to “Arnaldi de Duro Forti militis” regarding his marriage to “Katerinam dominam de Sancta Basilica quondam uxorem Jordani de Insula” by charter dated 25 Feb 1326[1079].  Arnaud & his wife had children: 

i)          AIMERIC de Durfort (-1345).  Seigneur de Duras"Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, substituted "…Aymericum de Duroforti dominum de --- …", presumably the son of Marquise de Goth, as her heirs in case her husband died childless[1080]

ii)         GAILLARD [I] de Durfort (-[killed in battle Poitiers 1356])Seigneur de Duras.  Seigneur de Veyrines, Châtelain de Blanquefort.  m ([1345/46]) MARGUERITE de Caumont, daughter of ---.  Gaillard de Durfort seigneur de Duras appointed his mother Marguerite de Caumont as his proxy to receive this sum of 2,000 florins from Archambaud [IV] Comte de Périgord[1081]Gaillard [I] & his wife had children: 

(1)       GAILLARD [II] de Durfort ([1346]-[4 Feb/14 Sep] 1422)Seigneur de Duras.  Seneschal of Aquitaine. 

-         see below

(2)       PIERRE de Durfort (-1403).  Bishop of Périgueux 1387. 

b)         RAIMOND BERNARD de Durfort (-2 May 1341).  Bishop of Périgueux 1314. 

 

 

GAILLARD [II] de Durfort, son of GAILLARD [I] de Durfort Seigneur de Duras & his wife Marguerite de Caumont ([1346]-[4 Feb/14 Sep] 1422)Seigneur de Duras.  Seneschal of Aquitaine. 

m firstly (31 Dec 1369) ELEONORE de Périgord, daughter of ROGER BERNARD Comte de Périgord & his wife Eléonore de Vendôme (-before 1390).  Gaillard de Durfort seigneur de Duras acknowledged receipt of 2,000 florins from Archambaud [V] Comte de Périgord, which was the dowry of Eléonore de Périgord, sister of the comte and wife of the seigneur de Duras, by document dated to [1370/73][1082].  Gaillard de Durfort seigneur de Duras appointed his mother Marguerite de Caumont as his proxy to receive this sum of 2,000 florins from Archambaud [IV] Comte de Périgord[1083]

m secondly (before 1 Aug 1390) JEANNE de Lomagne, daughter of ---.  Will 23 Sep 1435. 

Gaillard [II] & his [second] wife had children: 

1.         GAILLARD [III] de Durfort (-[1442/20 Oct 1444]).  Seigneur de Durasm (before 10 Aug 1426) INDIE de La Lande, daughter of JEAN de La Lande Seigneur de La Brède & his wife Marie de Saint-Symphorien.  1444. 

a)         GAILLARD [IV] de Durfort (-[4 Feb/28 May] 1481)Seigneur de Durasm ANNE de la Pole, daughter of WILLIAM de la Pole Duke of Suffolk & his wife Alice Chaucer. 

i)          JEAN de Durfort (-12 Apr 1520).  Seigneur de Durasm firstly ([13 Dec 1479]) JEANNE Angevin, daughter of BERNARD Angevin Seigneur de Rausan & his wife Marguerite de Montferrand (-[4 Sep 1502/25 Jun 1504]).  m secondly ([9 May 1513]) CATHERINE de Foix, widow of FRANÇOIS de Manse, daughter of CORBEYRAN de Foix Seigneur de Rabat & his wife Jeanne de La Roque.  Will 1522. 

-         SEIGNEURS de DURAS, MARQUIS de DURAS[1084]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    COMTES de BIGORRE

 

 

A.      COMTES de BIGORRE [870]-[1040]

 

 

The county of Bigorre was probably founded around the same time as the vicomté of Béarn in the late 860s/early 870s.  According to the spurious documents relating to the monastery of Alarcon, discussed fully in the Introduction to chapter 1 of the present document, the comtes de Bigorre descended from the family of the first dukes of Gascony.  However, other surviving primary sources do not establish this descent beyond doubt.  The county of Bigorre was approximately co-extensive with the ecclesiastical diocesis of Tarbes[1085].  The direct male line of the first dynasty of comtes de Bigorre died out in [1040], after which the county passed successively through the female line to the families of the comtes de Carcassonne, the vicomtes de Béarn, the vicomtes de Marsan, the comtes de Comminges, the comtes de Montfort, and the seigneurs de Chabanais.  The comtes de Bigorre were vassals of the Gascon dukes/counts until 1082 when Centule [I] Comte de Bigorre swore allegiance to Sancho I King of Aragon and Navarre.  The homage was renewed by Comte Centule [II] in May 1122.  The counts of Bigorre were later vassals of the bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay.  This chapter also shows the families of the vicomtes de la Barthe, de Lavedan et de Montaner, who were vassals of the comtes de Bigorre. 

 

The end of the independence of the county of Bigorre was marred by disputes between the rival claimants to the succession.  In 1250, Pétronille Ctss of Bigorre disposed of her interests in the county to her son-in-law Gaston [VII] Vicomte de Béarn, who had married Pétronille´s youngest daughter, born from her fifth marriage to Boson de Marsan.  However, in the following year, under her testament, the countess bequeathed Bigorre to her grandson Eschivat de Chabanais, the son of Pétronille´s older daughter by her third husband Guy de Montfort.  The two claimants inevitably quarelled, and Eschivat was unable to defend the county against Gaston´s aggression.  He therefore donated Bigorre to his paternal uncle Simon de Montfort Earl of Leicester.  After Earl Simon was killed in battle at Evesham in 1265, his widow transferred Bigorre to Henri III King of Navarre.  Eschivat must later have regretted his decision to part with his heritage as, in 1276, he recognised the rights of his half-sister Mathilde de Courtenay (who had been born from his mother´s second marriage and so was not a descendant of the countess Pétronille) to half of the county, on the grounds that he was fulfilling the intentions of his maternal grandmother and also the conditions of the marriage contract for his mother´s second marriage.  The 1276 document does not specify the fate of the other half of the county, but presumably it was retained by Eschivat.  In any event, when Eschivat died in 1283, it passed to his full sister Lore de Chabanais.  The matter was further complicated with the death in 1290 of Gaston [VII] Vicomte de Béarn, who left four daughters and co-heiresses by his marriage to Mathe de Marsan-Bigorre.  Meanwhile, a side dispute arose between Mathilde de Courtenay and her half-sister Lore de Chabanais.  This was submitted to arbitration in 1297, and the arbitrators sensibly recognised that the county was in fact then held by the French king Philippe IV, who was the direct heir through his wife to the kingdom of Navarre, and restricted their judgment to deciding that the two claimants should share the county if it was ever regained from the French crown.  The main dispute continued to simmer, until 1303 when King Philippe IV summoned all parties to a public hearing.  The documentation does not reveal the conclusions of the hearing, but in any case the county of Bigorre remained with the French crown.  In 1503, the senior descendant of Lore de Chabanais took up the cudgels again with a detailed claim which proved his descent from Pétronille Ctss de Bigorre and asserted that he was the rightful heir to the county.  The court did not challenge the details of the descent, but rejected the claim on the basis that the county had been lawfully ceded to the king of Navarre and from him had passed to the French crown.  The details of the various primary sources on which this account is based are set out below in Part E of the present chapter. 

 

 

DONAT LOUP, son of [LOUP [III] Duke of Gascony & his wife ---] (-[before 865]).  The charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 30 Jan 845 (probably spurious, as explained in the Introduction) names "Donatum Lupum et Centulupum" as sons of "Lupi Centulli Ducis", stating that the former was installed as Comte de Bigorre[1086].  His patronymic is confirmed by the charter of his wife dated Dec [865] (see below).  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that Emperor Louis I sent "Elisachar abbatem et Hildebrandum comitem…et Donatum" to suppress the revolt of "Aizone" in the March of Spain [in 827][1087].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that Emperor Louis I sent "Bonifatius comes et Donatus…comes…et Adrebaldus Flaviniacensis monasterii abbas" as missi to Septimania [in 838][1088]

m FAQUILO, daughter of [MANSIO] & his wife ---.  "Dompna Faquilo" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan, for the souls of "Mansionis…Donati Lupi comiti…et filiis meis et filias", by charter dated Dec [865], subscribed by "Dattonis Donati comitis, Luponis, Luponis Centuli"[1089].  Monlezun names "Faquilène, fille de Mancion qui paraît appartenir à la souche des vicomtes de Lavédan" as the wife of Donat-Loup de Bigorre[1090]

Donat Loup & his wife had [four or more] children: 

1.         DATO Donat .  His parentage is suggested by the charter dated Dec [865] under which "Dompna Faquilo" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan, for the souls of "Mansionis…Donati Lupi comiti…et filiis meis et filias", by charter dated Dec [865], subscribed by "Dattonis Donati comitis, Luponis, Luponis Centuli"[1091]Comte de Bigorre.  Monlezun states that Dato Donat died without issue[1092]

2.         LOUP Donat .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monlezun names "Dato-Donat et Loup-Donat" as the sons of Donat-Loup de Bigorre[1093].  He succeeded his brother as Comte de Bigorre[1094]m ---.  The name of Loup Donat's wife is not known.  Loup Donat & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         DATO [II] Loup .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monlezun names "Dato-Lupi" as son of Loup Donat, specifying that he succeeded his father as Comte de Bigorre[1095]

b)         [MANSION [Loup] .  According to Jaurgain, Mansion Loup was the second son of Loup Donat Comte de Bigorre[1096].  He cites no primary source which names him, confirms the relationship or specifies his patronymic.  It appears that this person, named Mansion, is known only from the patronymic attributed to his son.  It is probable that the alleged family connection with the comtes de Bigorre is speculative because the name "Mansio" appears in the supposed family of his presumed paternal grandmother Faquilo.] 

-        VICOMTES de LAVEDAN

3.         daughters .  Their existence is confirmed by the charter dated Dec [865] under which their mother "dompna Faquilo" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan, for the souls of "Mansionis…Donati Lupi comiti…et filiis meis et filias", by charter dated Dec [865], subscribed by "Dattonis Donati comitis, Luponis, Luponis Centuli"[1097]

 

 

1.         --- .  According to Jaurgain, the husband of Lupa Sánchez was Dato [II] Loup Comte de Bigorre but he cites no primary source on which this is based[1098]m LUPA Sánchez, illegitimate daughter of SANCHO I García King of Navarre & his mistress ---.  The Codex de Roda names "domna Lopa" as the child of "Sanzio Garseanis…ex anzilla", stating that she was mother of "Regemundo de Bigorra"[1099].  One child: 

a)         RAYMOND (-[956]).  The Codex de Roda names "domna Lopa" as the child of "Sanzio Garseanis…ex anzilla", stating that she was mother of "Regemundo de Bigorra"[1100]Comte de Bigorre.  "Raymundus Vigorritanus comes" donated property to Saint-Savin by charter dated 945[1101]m [as her first husband,] GERSENDE [Faquilena] d'Astarac, daughter of ARNAUD Comte d'Astarac & his wife --- (-30 Aug after [955]).  The Codex de Roda names "Garsie Arnaldi et Leudebico, vel domna Girisenda" as the children of "Arnaldo Garsies" and his unnamed wife, stating that Gersende married "Regismundi de Bigorra"[1102].  On the other hand, a charter dated to [955] records that "Faquilleno et Arremundo Dato et Guillelmo Horgulo et Garcia Horgulo et Arnaldo Horgulo" donated four churches in the diocese of Comminges to Sainte-Marie d´Auch, for their own souls and those of "suo patrem Arnaldo comito et Sancio comito et Gilelmo comito", adding that she died "III Kal Sep"[1103].  It is not known whether Gersende and Faquilo were the same person, assuming a mistake in the Codex de Roda, or whether Raymond Dat Comte de Bigorre married two sisters in turn.  [According to Jaurgain, Faquilena married secondly Vicomte Auriol Dat (who he claims was the brother of her first husband)[1104].  He cites no primary source on which this hypothesis is based except the two charters of Sainte-Marie de Simorre which record the donations by "Guillelmo Auriolo [comitis]" for the souls of "Garsi Arnaldi comitis et…Fachisanæ matris meæ et…Garsi Orollo…et Arnaldo"[1105].  If "Fachisana" was the sister of Garcia Arnaud Comte d´Astarac, it is likely that he is identified as "Garsi Arnaldi comitis" named in this document.  However, it is possible that Faquilena who married Auriol Dat was a different person from Faquilena who married Comte Raymond, although if this is correct the unusual name suggests that they were related.  According to Jaurgain, Faquilo´s second husband was Auriol Dat, brother of her first husband[1106].]  Comte Raymond Dat & his wife had two children:

i)          LOUIS de Bigorre (-[1000]).  "Raymundus…comes Bigorritanæ…[et] successors eorum…Ludovicus comes filius prefati comitis ac Fortaner vicecomes…[et] Guarsiarnaldus comes filius patris supradicti comitis et G. Garsias Fort…successerunt Bernardus in comitatu, Guillem Fort et Ramon Guarsia nepos eius in vicecomitatu…Arnaldus abbas filius supradicti Guillem Fort" are named in an early document in the cartulary of Saint-Savin en Lavedan[1107]Comte de Bigorrem AMERNA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [980] records the remorse of Amelius Bishop of Bigorre for having authorised the marriage of "Lodovici comitis Bigorriantensis et uxoris eius Amerna…in tertia consanguinitate" and donated property to Saint-Orens subject to the life interest of "cognatus meus Fortanerius, Levitanensis [vice]comes et uxor eius Wisola et filius eorum Guarsia Forto"[1108].  According to Jaurgain, Amerna was the daughter of Aner Mans Vicomte de Lavedan but he cites no primary source on which he bases this statement[1109].  Under this hypothesis, "Fortanerius" who is named in this charter would have been Amerna´s brother.  However, this seems unlikely to be correct unless he was considerably older than his sister, which is indicated by his son also being named in the same document. 

ii)         [ARNAUD] de Bigorre .  Brother of Comte Louis, referred to but not named in the charter of Saint-Savin[1110], his name is taken from the second name of his son on the assumption that this is a patronymic.  He does not appear to have been named in his own right in any surviving primary source.  m ---.  The name of [Arnaud]'s wife is not known.  [Arnaud] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GARCIA Arnaud de Bigorre (-[1025/46]).  He is named as the nephew of Comte Louis in a charter of Saint-Savin, son of his brother (who is not named)[1111].  He succeeded his uncle in [1000] as Comte de Bigorre.  "Garcias Arnaldi comes Vigorrensis…Centullus Gastonis vicecomes Bearnensis…Bernardus comes Armaniacensis, Aymericus comes Fedenciacensis, Bernardus comes Pardiniacensis…Forto vicecomes Levitanensis et filii eius Garcias et Guilhermus, Guilhermus Dati vicecomes Sylvanensis, et Guilhermus Odonis vicecomes de Montanerii, Raimundus Guilhermi de Benaco, et Arnaldus Raymundi de Baso, Guilhermus Garcias Curta spata, Arnaldus cognomine Ursus, Guilhermus Lupi vicecomes Marcianensis, et Arnaldus vicecomes Aquensis…" are named as present in the charter dated to [1022] under which "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès[1112]m RICHARDE, daughter of --- (-Nov 1046, bur Auch Sainte-Marie).  A document refers to the burial at Sainte-Marie d´Auch of "R. quandam neptem suam fratris filiam…Candidam…et comitissam quandam Bigorre…Ricardam"[1113].   Garcia & his wife haf one child: 

(1)       GERSENDE de Bigorre ([986]-[1032/34]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1034 under which “Rotgarius filius Garsente” paid homage to “Petrone episcopo filio Adalais[1114].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "dona Beatriz de Bezes" as the wife of "Mossen Bernard"[1115], but this source is too late to give much credibility to its account of the early comtes de Foix.  She succeeded her father as Ctss de Bigorrem ([1010]) BERNARD ROGER de Carcassonne, son of ROGER [I] de Comminges Comte de Carcassonne & his wife Adelaide de Pons (summer 981-[22 Aug 1036/38]).  He succeeded in 1012 as Comte de Couserans and (part) Carcassonne, Seigneur du pays de Foix.  Comte de Bigorre, by right of his wife. 

b)         son .  m ---.  One child: 

i)          CANDIDA (-bur Auch Sainte-Marie).  A document refers to the burial at Sainte-Marie d´Auch of "R. quandam neptem suam fratris filiam…Candidam…et comitissam quandam Bigorre…Ricardam"[1116].  

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de BIGORRE [1040]-1080 (COMTES de CARCASSONNE)

 

 

BERNARD ROGER de Carcassonne, son of ROGER [I] de Comminges Comte de Carcassonne & his wife Adelaide de Pons (summer 981-[22 Aug 1036/38]).  He succeeded in 1012 as Comte de Couserans and (part) Carcassonne, Seigneur du pays de Foix.  Comte de Bigorre, by right of his wife.

m ([1010]) GARSENDA de Bigorre, daughter of GARCIA Arnaud Comte de Bigorre & his wife Richarde --- ([986]-[1032/34]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  She succeeded her father as Ctss de Bigorre

Ctss Garsenda & her husband had six children:

1.         BERNARD [II] ([1014]-before 24 Jun 1077).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded in 1038 as Comte de Bigorrem firstly CLEMENCE, daughter of --- (-[1063]).  A charter dated 1062 records that "Bernardus Bigorrensis comes" went on pilgrimage to Puy-en-Velay with "uxor mea Clementia comitissa" and donated property to the church[1117]m secondly ([1062/63]) [as her second husband,] ETIENNETTE, [widow of GEOFFROY I Marquis de Provence], daughter of --- (-after 1 Apr 1080).  “Centullus comes et uxor sua Beatrix et mater eius Stephania” donated property to the monastery “S. Savini…in valle Levitanensis…in comitatu Bigoritano”, by charter dated 1 Apr 1080 signed by “…Otgeri vicecomitis…[1118].  Her origin is not known.  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that she was the widow of Geoffroy I Marquis et Comte de Provence[1119].  Szabolcs de Vajay also suggests that she was Etiennette [Douce] de Marseille, daughter of [Guillaume [I] Vicomte de Marseille & his second wife Etiennette de Baux-Rians][1120].  Comte Bernard II & his first wife had [two] children:

a)         RAYMOND de Bigorre (-1080).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1077 as Comte de Bigorre

b)         CLEMENCE de Bigorre ([1036][1121]-before 1065).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Arnallum Mironem de Tost” acknowledged vassalship of “comitem Ermengaudum Urgellensem” by charter dated 17 Oct 1059, subscribed by “Ermengaudi comitis...Clemencia comitissa, Arnalli Mironis...[1122]m ([1055]) as his second wife, ARMENGOL III "él de Barbastro" Conde de Urgel, son of ARMENGOL II "él de Barbastro" Conde de Urgel & his second wife Constanza --- ([1031/33]-[Feb/Mar] 1065). 

Comte Bernard [II] & his second wife had one child; 

c)         BEATRIX ([1064]-after 14 Oct 1095).  "Centullus comes et uxor mea Beatrix et mater eius Stephania" donated the monastery of Saint-Savin de Lavedan "in comitatu Bigorritano" to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 12 May 1087[1123].  She succeeded her brother in 1080 as Ctss de Bigorre.  "Beatrix comitissa Bigorritana" donated property "monasterium sancti Severi, in valle Rostanensi, in loco Abiciaco situm, in episcopate Tarbensi, in comitatu Bigorritano, quod etiam vir meaus Centullus…dederat" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 1094, which names "patrem meum Bernardum…filiumque meum Bernardum"[1124].  “Beatrix comitissa Bigorritana” donated property to the monastery of St Severius de Rostain, which “vir meus Centullus” donated to St Victor de Marseille, confirmed by “Bernardus supradictæ comitissæ filius”, by charter dated 1091 which names “patrem meum Bernardum[1125]m (1077 before 24 Jun) as his second wife, CENTULE [IV] Vicomte de Béarn et d'Oloron, son of GASTON [III] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Adelais --- (-murdered 1088 or after 1090). 

2.         other children: see FOIX.   

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de BIGORRE 1080-[1148] (VICOMTES de BEARN)

 

 

1.         BERNARD de Béarn, son of CENTULE [IV] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Béatrix Ctss de Bigorre (-1113).  “Beatrix comitissa Bigorritana” donated property to the monastery of St Severius de Rostain, which “vir meus Centullus” donated to St Victor de Marseille, confirmed by “Bernardus supradictæ comitissæ filius”, by charter dated 1091 which names “patrem meum Bernardum[1126].  He succeeded his mother in [1095] as BERNARD [III] Comte de Bigorre.  "Bernardus filius Centulli" ordered the writing of the customs of the county of Bigorre "tempore avi sui Bernardi…comitis" by charter dated to [1110], which names "Arnaldus vicecomes Levitanensis"[1127]m (1110) as her first husband, AZELMA de Fezensac, daughter of ASTANOVE [II] Comte de Fezensac & his wife --- ([1090]-before 1160).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "filiam…Adalmur" as the child of "Astam-Novam", specifying that she was the mother of "Benetricis" who was childless[1128].  The primary source which confirms the identity of her first husband has not yet been identified.  She married secondly (1119) Géraud [III] Comte d'Armagnac.  "Geraldus comes Armaniacensis…cum filio suo primogenito Bernardo" confirmed a donation to Sainte-Marie d´Auch after the death of "istius comitisse…et filie eius Benetricis", desiring "consulatum Fezenciaci", by undated charter[1129].  This is the only charter cited by Jaurgain which supposedly confirms Azelma´s second marriage[1130].  However, it is a curious document.  The wording implies that Comte Géraud confirmed Azelma´s donation because he desired her county, although the confirmation was made after she died.  If he had married her, however, he would presumably automatically have been entitled to Fezensac and the stated purpose behind the confirmation would have been pointless.  Another factor is that Géraud´s son Bernard is described in the document only as his son not hers.  Comte Bernard [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         BEATRIX ([1111/12]-1114).  The Genealogica Comitum Guasconiæ names "filiam…Adalmur" as the child of "Astam-Novam", specifying that she was the mother of "Beatricis" who was childless[1131]

2.         CENTULE [II] (-[1128/30]).  "…Gasto vicecomes Bearnensis et Centullus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 8 Jul 1117 under which "Anfussus imperator tocius Ispanie" confirmed an earlier donation of property to Jaca cathedral by his father and older brother[1132]Comte de Bigorre.  Alfonso I King of Aragon granted various territories including "castello de Rota...ila civitate de Sancta Maria de Aberrazin quando Deus...mihi dederat" to “don Centullo de Bigorra et de Lorda” by charter dated May 1122[1133]m firstly AMABLE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Sep 1142 under which her daughter "Beatrix Bigorritanorum comitissa" donated property, with the consent of "mariti mei Petri di Marciano", for the souls of "patris mei Centuli et Amabillæ matris meæ", by charter dated 12 Sep 1142[1134].  According to Jaurgain, Centule´s first wife was Amable, daughter of Bernard Athon [IV] Vicomte de Béziers, but he cites no primary source on which this is based[1135].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly (1128) as her first husband, ESTEFANIA [de Barcelona, daughter of RAMON BERENGUER III Comte de Barcelona & his third wife Dulce Ctss de Provence] ([1118]-).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  She is not named as one of the daughters of Comte Ramon Berenguer [III] by Bofarull[1136].  She married secondly ([1130]) Raymond Arnaud [II] Vicomte de Dax.  Comte Centule [II] & his first wife had one child:

a)         BEATRIX [II] de Bigorre (-after 7 Feb 1148).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 12 Sep 1142 by which "Consul…Bigorritanus et uxor illius Beatrix" confirmed donations by "Centullo comite" to the monastery of Escale-Dieu de Capadur and "Beatrix Bigorritanorum comitissa" donated property, with the consent of "mariti mei Petri di Marciano", for the souls of "patris mei Centuli et Amabillæ matris meæ"[1137].  She succeeded her father in [1128/30] as Ctss de Bigorre.  "Petrus comes Bigorritanus et uxor mea Beatrix, comitissa, atque Centullus filius noster" donated property "in villa…Borderas" to the Order of the Temple by charter dated 7 Feb 1148[1138]m PIERRE Vicomte de Marsan, son of LUPUS Aner Vicomte de Marsan & his wife --- (-1163).  A charter dated 1141 names "Petrus comes Bigorræ et Vicecomes de Marsan, filius Lupi-Anerii" when describing his plans to expand the town of Marsan[1139]

 

 

 

D.      COMTES de BIGORRE [1148]-[1200] (VICOMTES de MARSAN)

 

 

CENTULE de Marsan, son of PIERRE [I] Vicomte de Marsan & his wife Beatrix Ctss de Bigorre (-1178).  "Petrus comes Bigorritanus et uxor mea Beatrix, comitissa, atque Centullus filius noster" donated property "in villa…Borderas" to the Order of the Temple by charter dated 7 Feb 1148[1140].  He succeeded his mother as CENTULE [III] Comte de Bigorre

m ([1155]) as her second husband, MATELLE de Baux, widow of PIERRE de Gabarret Vicomte de Bearn, son of RAYMOND de Baux & his wife Etiennette de Gevaudun (-after Oct 1175).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1175 by which Alfonso II King of Aragon granted the val d´Aran to "Centullo comiti de Bigorra et uxori vestræ…Matellæ consanguineæ meæ"[1141].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified. 

Comte Centule [III] & his wife had one child: 

1.         STEPHANIE de Marsan .  The primary source which confirms her parentage second marriage has not yet been identified.  She succeeded her father in 1178 as BEATRIX [III] Comtesse de Bigorre, Vicomtesse de Marsan.  Her supposed first marriage is deduced from Roger of Hoveden who names her supposed husband "Petrus vicecomes Akensis et comes Bigorniæ" when recording the capitulation of the town of Dax in 1177[1142].  The only explanation for Pierre being accorded the title Comte de Bigorre is if he had married the heiress of Bigorre.  However, the possibility that Roger of Hoveden was mistaken in recording this title cannot be excluded.  [m firstly (before 1177) PIERRE [II] Vicomte de Dax, son of RAYMOND ARNAUD Vicomte de Dax & his wife Estefania de Barcelona (-[1177/80]).]  m [secondly] (1180, divorced after 1192) as his first wife, BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges, son of BERNARD [III] Comte de Comminges & his wife --- de Toulouse (-22 Feb 1225). 

 

 

 

E.      COMTES de BIGORRE [1200]-1316 (COMMINGES, MONTFORT and MARSAN)

 

 

BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges, son of BERNARD [III] Comte de Comminges & his wife --- de Toulouse (-22 Feb 1225).  He is named "comes Convenarum Bernardus nepos Ramundi de Sancto Egidio"[1143].  A charter dated Nov 1197 names "Bernardus comes Convenarum filius sororis comitis Tolosani[1144], and a charter dated 1202 names "B. lo comte de Comenge lo cal fo filh de la filha N Anfos"[1145]

m firstly (1180, divorced after 1192) as her second husband, BEATRIX [III] Ctss de Bigorre, widow of PIERRE [II] Vicomte de Dax, daughter of CENTULE Comte de Bigorre & his wife Matelle de Baux (-after 1192).  Her supposed first marriage is deduced from Roger of Hoveden who names her supposed husband "Petrus vicecomes Akensis et comes Bigorniæ" when recording the capitulation of the town of Dax in 1177[1146].  The only explanation for Pierre being accorded the title Comte de Bigorre is if he had married the heiress of Bigorre.  However, the possibility that Roger of Hoveden was mistaken in recording this title cannot be excluded. 

Comte Bernard & his first wife had one child: 

1.         PETRONILLE de Comminges (-1251).  She succeeded her mother as Comtesse de Bigorre.  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Sep 1192 by which Alfonso II King of Aragon arranged the marriage of "Gaston nobili vicecomiti Bearnensi" and "consanguinea mea filia…Bernardi…comitis de Comenge, nepte Centulli…quondam comitis Bigorritani"[1147].  The dating clause of a charter of Notre-Dame de Muret records the marriage of "Gasto" and "filiam Bernardi comitis Conuenarum in eodem loco Kal Jun"[1148].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "Simon de Montfort" married "son fils Guy" to "la comtesse de Bigorre"[1149].  The record of the 1503 hearing relating to the dispute over the inheritance of the county of Bigorre records that "Pétronille contesse…de Bigorre" married "feu Monsieur Messire Guy de Narbonne", adding that the marriage was recognised by the church[1150].  "Petronilla comitissa Bigorre et vicecomitissa Marcianensis" donated all her property inherited "ex bonis patris nostri" to "Gastoni de Bearnio et Mathe uxori vestre et filie nostre" by charter dated 1250[1151].  The testament of "domina Petronilla comitissa Bigorre", dated 1251, appointed "dominum Esquivatum nepotem meum filium filie mee domine Aalis" as her heir "in…comitatu Bigorre", and if he died childless "dominus Jordanus frater dicti domini Esquivati", failing whom "domine Mathe filie mee"[1152]m firstly (betrothed 1192, 1 Jun [1196 or after]) GASTON VI Comte de Béarn, son of GUILLEM de Montcada [II] & his wife Maria de Béarn (1165-1215).  m secondly (divorced) don NUÑO Sanchez de Aragón, son of Infante don SANCHO de Aragón Comte de Roussillon et de Cerdanya, ex-Comte de Provence & his second wife doña Sancha Núñez de Lara ([1185]-1242).  He succeeded his father in 1226 as Comte de Roussillon et de Cerdagne/Cerdaña.  m thirdly (13 Nov 1216) GUY de Montfort-l’Amaury, son of SIMON de Montfort Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne and Marquis de Provence & his wife Alix de Montmorency (-killed in battle 4 Apr 1220, bur Abbaye de Haute-Bruyère).  m fourthly ([1221/23]) AYMAR de Rancon, son of GEOFFROY [V] de Rancon Seigneur de Taillebourg & his wife --- (-1224).  m fifthly (1228) BOSON de Marsan Seigneur de Cognac (-before 1251).  Ctss Petronille & her third husband had two children: 

a)         ALIX de Montfort ([1217/20]-1255).  Her paternal origin is indicated by the letter dated 1 Apr 1250 from Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse to her son "nobilis viri comitis Bigorre, nepotis...Symonis de Monteforti comitis Lycestrie"[1153].  The record of the 1503 hearing relating to the dispute over the inheritance of the county of Bigorre records that "dame Hélys", daughter of "Pétronille contesse…de Bigorre" and her husband "feu Monsieur Messire Guy de Narbonne", married "messire Jordain de Chabanoys"[1154].  She succeeded her mother in 1251 as Comtesse de Bigorre.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Dec 1276 under which her son "Eschivatus comes Bigorre dominus de Chabanesio" confirmed the donation of half the county of Bigorre, in furtherance of the agreement made by "Petronilla quondam comitissa Bigorre avia mea" with the consent of "Aalipdis matris mee filie dicte comitisse" and the marriage contract between "dictam dominam Aalipdem matrem meam" and "dominum Radulphum de Courtenayo", to "soror mea Mathildis de Courtenayo filia dictorum Radulfi et Aalipdis"[1155]m firstly JOURDAIN ESCHIVAT [III] de Chabanais, son of GUILLAUME ESCHIVAT [II] de Chabanais & his wife ---.  m secondly (1247) RAOUL de Courtenay Seigneur d´Illiers, son of ROBERT de Courtenay Seigneur de Champignelles & his second wife Mathilde de Mehun (-1271).  Ctss Alix & her first husband had three children:

i)          ESCHIVAT de Chabanais (-1283).  The record of the 1503 hearing relating to the dispute over the inheritance of the county of Bigorre names "Eschivat" as "aisné filz" of "messire Jordain de Chabanoys" and his wife "dame Hélys", adding that he succeeded his mother as comte de Bigorre[1156].  The testament of "domina Petronilla comitissa Bigorre", dated 1251, appointed "dominum Esquivatum nepotem meum filium filie mee domine Aalis" as her heir "in…comitatu Bigorre", and if he died childless "dominus Jordanus frater dicti domini Esquivati", failing whom "domine Mathe filie mee"[1157].  He succeeded his mother in 1255 as Comte de Bigorre.  "Gasto…vicecomes Bearnensis et de Marciano et…domina Matha uxor eiusdem" recognised the rights of "domino Eschivato…comiti Biguorre et domino Cabanasii", in accordance with "dictum vel arbitrium domini R….comitis Faxi [Fuxi]", by charter dated 16 Sep 1256[1158].  "Esquivardus de Chabanes comes Biguorre" granted "totum comitatum Biguorre et Sanctum Chauzaium et Martham" to "domino Symoni de Monteforti comiti Lincestrie…avunculo nostro" by charter dated 22 Nov 1258[1159].  "Esquivardus de Chabanes comes Biguorre et Jordanus eius frater" confirmed the grant of "totum comitatum Biguorre", which "dominus Gasto Bearnensis" had devastated and which they could not defend, to "domino Symoni…comiti Lincestrie" by charter dated 6 Aug 1261[1160].  "Eschivatus comes Bigorre dominus de Chabanesio" confirmed the donation of half the county of Bigorre, in furtherance of the agreement made by "Petronilla quondam comitissa Bigorre avia mea" with the consent of "Aalipdis matris mee filie dicte comitisse" and the marriage contract between "dictam dominam Aalipdem matrem meam" and "dominum Radulphum de Courtenayo", to "soror mea Mathildis de Courtenayo filia dictorum Radulfi et Aalipdis" by charter dated Dec 1276[1161].  An anonymous Chronicon of Saint-Marcial records the death in 1284 of "Echivatus comes Bigorre et dominus de Cabanisio" in Navarre and the succession of "domina Lora soror sua"[1162].  A charter dated 1 Sep 1283 records that "dominam Constantiam primogenitam…Guastonis vicecomitis Bearnii et dominæ Mathæ uxoris suæ defunctæ…comitissam Bigoriæ" succeeded as comtesse de Bigorre, following the deaths of "domino Esquivato et domino Jordano nepotibus quondam dominæ P. comitisse Bigorræ"[1163]m (1256) AGNES de Foix, daughter of ROGER IV Comte de Foix & his wife doña Brunisenda de Cardona.    

ii)         JOURDAIN de Chabanais (-before 1 Sep 1283).  The testament of "domina Petronilla comitissa Bigorre", dated 1251, appointed "dominum Esquivatum nepotem meum filium filie mee domine Aalis" as her heir "in…comitatu Bigorre", and if he died childless "dominus Jordanus frater dicti domini Esquivati", failing whom "domine Mathe filie mee"[1164].  "Esquivardus de Chabanes comes Biguorre et Jordanus eius frater" confirmed the grant of "totum comitatum Biguorre", which "dominus Gasto Bearnensis" had devastated and which they could not defend, to "domino Symoni…comiti Lincestrie" by charter dated 6 Aug 1261[1165].  A charter dated 1 Sep 1283 records that "dominam Constantiam primogenitam…Guastonis vicecomitis Bearnii et dominæ Mathæ uxoris suæ defunctæ…comitissam Bigoriæ" succeeded as comtesse de Bigorre, following the deaths of "domino Esquivato et domino Jordano nepotibus quondam dominæ P. comitisse Bigorræ"[1166]

iii)        LORE de Chabanais ([1240/45]-1316).  An anonymous Chronicon of Saint-Marcial records the death in 1284 of "Echivatus comes Bigorre et dominus de Cabanisio" in Navarre and the succession of "domina Lora soror sua"[1167].  The record of the 1503 hearing relating to the dispute over the inheritance of the county of Bigorre records that "dame Lore sa seur, fille…de…dame Hélys et Jordain de Chabannoys" succeeded "Eschivat" as comtesse de Bigorre, adding that she left it to "messire Aymery de la Roche son filz"[1168].  She succeeded her brother in 1283 as Comtesse de Bigorre, Dame de Chabanais et de Confolens.  An anonymous Chronicon of Saint-Marcial records the marriages in 1284 of "Lora filia Echivati de Cabanasio" and "R vicecomiti Turenne" and of "filius primogenitus dicti Raymundi" and "filiam dicte Lore"[1169].  An anonymous Chronicon of Saint-Marcial records the marriages in 1284 of "Lora filia Echivati de Cabanasio" and "R vicecomiti Turenne" and of "filius primogenitus dicti Raymundi" and "filiam dicte Lore"[1170].  A charter dated 1297 records the appointment of arbitrators in the dispute between "Mathildis de Courtenaio comitissa Theati uxor…domini Philippi de Flandria, filii…comitis Flandrensis" and "Lora vicecomitissa Turenne domina de Cabanesio soror dicte domine Mathildis" concerning the county of Bigorre, which they had sold to "domina Johanna regina Francie et Navarre"[1171].  A charter dated 1 Mar 1298 records the decision of the arbitrators in the dispute between "domina Matildim comitissam Theauti" and "dominam Loram vicecomitissam Turenne dominam de Cabanesio sororem dicte domine Mathildis" concerning the county of Bigorre, deciding that if the county was ever recovered from "domina Johanna regina Francie et Navarre" it should be held by both parties according to their respective shares[1172].  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[1173]"Lore vicomtesse de Turenne dame de Chabanais, comme tutrice des enfants de feu Aimery de Rochechouart, damoiseau, son neveu" contracted for the marriage of "sa nièce Lore avec Simon de Rochechouart chevalier, seigneur de Saint-Laurent, avec les dispenses de parenté, lesquelles seraient obtenues du Pape" by contract dated "le vendredi après Saint-Nicolas d´hyver 1304", which also records that "Messire Foucaud de Rochechouart doyen de Bourges donna au dit Simon son frère cent livres de rentes" and "la dite dame vicomtesse fait mention de son testament de ses enfants...Aimery et Jean"[1174]m firstly --- [de Rochechouart], son of [AIMERY [VII] Vicomte de Rochechouart & his wife Alix de Mortemart] (-before 1284).  m secondly (1284) as his second wife, RAYMOND [V] Vicomte de Turenne, son of RAYMOND [IV] Vicomte de Turenne & his wife Allemande Dame de Malemort (-[1284/22 Feb 1285]). 

b)         PERNELLE de Montfort m RAOUL de la Roche-Tesson, son of ---.  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[1175]

Ctss Petronille & her fifth husband had one child: 

c)         MATHE [Amata] de Marsan (after 1228-[6 Feb 1270/Apr 1273]).  "Petronilla comitissa Bigorre et vicecomitissa Marcianensis" donated all her property inherited "ex bonis patris nostri" to "Gastoni de Bearnio et Mathe uxori vestre et filie nostre" by charter dated 1250[1176].  The testament of "domina Petronilla comitissa Bigorre", dated 1251, appointed "dominum Esquivatum nepotem meum filium filie mee domine Aalis" as her heir "in…comitatu Bigorre", and if he died childless "dominus Jordanus frater dicti domini Esquivati", failing whom "domine Mathe filie mee"[1177].  "Gasto…vicecomes Bearnensis et de Marciano et…domina Matha uxor eiusdem" recognised the rights of "domino Eschivato…comiti Biguorre et domino Cabanasii", in accordance with "dictum vel arbitrium domini R….comitis Faxi [Fuxi]", by charter dated 16 Sep 1256[1178].  The contract between "domini Gastonis…vicecomitis Bearnensis" and "Alfonso…regi Castellæ et dominæ Violant reginæ Castellæ…uxori" provides for the marriage between "Guillelmam filiam" of the former to "infanti domino Sancio filio" of the latter, and names "dominæ Mathæ eius uxoris", dated 6 Feb 1270[1179]m (before [1245/50]) as his first wife, GASTON [VII] Vicomte de Béarn, son of GUILLAUME [II] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Gersende de Provence [Aragón] (1225-26 Apr 1290). 

 

 

 

F.      VICOMTES de la BARTHE

 

 

The vicomté of la Barthe was created in the 10th century in the territory of the county of Aure, which had itself been separated from the county of Astarac in [960], and included "la vallée de Neste et la partie de celle de Barousse qui forma plus tard la baronnie de Bramevaque".  The vicomte de la Barthe became a vassal of the Centule [I] Comte de Bigorre in 1083[1180]

 

 

MANSION [Auriol], son of [AURIOL Dat Vicomte & his wife Faquilena ---] (-after [1025]).  According to Jaurgain, he was the son of Auriol Dat Comte d´Aure but he cites no primary source on which this is based nor a source which specifies his patronymic[1181]

m ---.  The name of Mansion´s wife is not known. 

Mansion & his wife had two children: 

1.         AURIOL Mans (-[1065]).  "…Aurioli Mancii vicecomitis, Arsi Mancii, Sancii Aurioli, Forcii Aurioli…" signed the charter dated 5 Jul 1039 under which "Arnaldus comes de Aura" renewed the donation of Sarrancolin (donated by his presumed paternal uncle Guillaume Auriol), and added other donations, to Sainte-Marie de Simorre[1182]m ---.  The name of Auriol´s wife is not known.  Auriol & his wife had three children: 

a)         SANCHO Auriol .  "…Aurioli Mancii vicecomitis, Arsi Mancii, Sancii Aurioli, Forcii Aurioli…" signed the charter dated 5 Jul 1039 under which "Arnaldus comes de Aura" renewed the donation of Sarrancolin (donated by his presumed paternal uncle Guillaume Auriol), and added other donations, to Sainte-Marie de Simorre[1183]Vicomte de la Barthe.  A charter dated 1073 records that "Arnaldum comitem de Aura nec non…vicecomitem Sancium de Bartha" expelled "Raymundum, monachum" from the monastery of Sarrancolin which he had captured from Sainte-Marie de Simorre[1184].  "Sancii de la Barta…et Aymericus frater eius" swore homage to Centule [I] Comte de Bigorre by charter dated 12 Mar 1083[1185]m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho Auriol & his wife had one child: 

i)          AUGER (-[1130]).  Jaurgain names "Augerius Bartanus filius Sancii"[1186]Vicomte de la Barthe

-         see below

b)         FORT Auriol (-after 5 Jul 1039).  "…Aurioli Mancii vicecomitis, Arsi Mancii, Sancii Aurioli, Forcii Aurioli…" signed the charter dated 5 Jul 1039 under which "Arnaldus comes de Aura" renewed the donation of Sarrancolin (donated by his presumed paternal uncle Guillaume Auriol), and added other donations, to Sainte-Marie de Simorre[1187]

c)         AYMERIC (-after 12 Mar 1083).  "Sancii de la Barta…et Aymericus frater eius" swore homage to Centule [I] Comte de Bigorre by charter dated 12 Mar 1083[1188]

2.         ARSIEU Mans (-after 5 Jul 1039).  "…Aurioli Mancii vicecomitis, Arsi Mancii…" signed the charter dated 5 Jul 1039 under which "Arnaldus comes de Aura" renewed the donation of Sarrancolin (donated by his presumed paternal uncle Guillaume Auriol), and added other donations, to Sainte-Marie de Simorre[1189]

 

 

AUGER, son of SANCHO Auriol Vicomte de la Barthe & his wife --- (-[1130]).  Jaurgain names "Augerius Bartanus filius Sancii"[1190]Vicomte de la Barthe

m firstly ---.  The name of Auger´s first wife is not known. 

m secondly ---.  The name of Auger´s second wife is not known. 

Auger & his first wife had four children: 

1.         ESPAIN (-after 1140).  Vicomte de la Barthem AZERE, daughter of ---.  "Odo et Arnaldus Wlmi filii Espani vicecomitis de Barta et…Azera vicecomitissa mater eorum et…Blancaflor soror prædicti vicecomitis et Petrus comes Bigorritanus…" donated property "dans le territoire de Dozos" to the monastery of Bonnefont by charter dated to [1140][1191].  Espain & his wife had three children: 

a)         ODON (-after [1170]).  "Odo et Arnaldus Wlmi filii Espani vicecomitis de Barta et…Azera vicecomitissa mater eorum et…Blancaflor soror prædicti vicecomitis et Petrus comes Bigorritanus…" donated property "dans le territoire de Dozos" to the monastery of Bonnefont by charter dated to [1140][1192]Vicomte de la Barthe

-        see below

b)         BERNARD .  Abbé de l´Escale-Dieu [1155]. 

c)         ARNAUD GUILLAUME .  "Odo et Arnaldus Wlmi filii Espani vicecomitis de Barta et…Azera vicecomitissa mater eorum et…Blancaflor soror prædicti vicecomitis et Petrus comes Bigorritanus…" donated property "dans le territoire de Dozos" to the monastery of Bonnefont by charter dated to [1140][1193]m ---.  The name of Arnaud Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Arnaud Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

i)          RAYMOND ARNAUD (-1205).  Canon of Saint-Etienne de Toulouse.  Bishop of Comminges 1188. 

2.         ARNAUD (-10 Oct ----).  "Arnaldus de Labartha et frater eius Petrus" signed the charter dated to [1130] which records the donation of "la terre d´Aguin" to Sainte-Marie de Simorre[1194].  Seigneur d´Esparros.  The necrology of Saint-Orens d´Auch records the death "VI Id Oct" of "Arnaldus Espareus, pater Geraldi episcopi Auscitani"[1195]m ([1115]) CONDOR [Condorine] d´Esparros, daughter and heiress of RAYMOND Seigneur d´Esparros & his wife --- (-4 May ----).  The necrology of Saint-Orens d´Auch records the death "IV Non Mai" of "Condor, mater Geraldi episcopi Auscitani"[1196]

-        SEIGNEURS d´ESPARROS[1197]

3.         PIERRE .  "Arnaldus de Labartha et frater eius Petrus" signed the charter dated to [1130] which records the donation of "la terre d´Aguin" to Sainte-Marie de Simorre[1198]

4.         BLANCHEFLEUR .  "Odo et Arnaldus Wlmi filii Espani vicecomitis de Barta et…Azera vicecomitissa mater eorum et…Blancaflor soror prædicti vicecomitis et Petrus comes Bigorritanus…" donated property "dans le territoire de Dozos" to the monastery of Bonnefont by charter dated to [1140][1199]

Auger & his second wife had one child: 

5.         --- .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m ([1120]) BERNARD [I] de Mauléon, son of GASSION Vicomte de Soule & his wife ---. 

 

 

ODON, son of ESPAIN Vicomte de la Barthe & his wife Azère --- (-after [1170]).  "Odo et Arnaldus Wlmi filii Espani vicecomitis de Barta et…Azera vicecomitissa mater eorum et…Blancaflor soror prædicti vicecomitis et Petrus comes Bigorritanus…" donated property "dans le territoire de Dozos" to the monastery of Bonnefont by charter dated to [1140][1200]Vicomte de la Barthe

m ---.  The name of Odon´s wife is not known. 

Odon & his wife had three children: 

1.         SANCHO [II] (-[1181/85]).  Vicomte de la Barthe"Ramon W. et Fortanerius" swore homage to "comiti Bigorritano et Sanchio de Labarta" by charter dated to [1175] which names "Avarchet de Labarcha" as one of the hostages[1201]

2.         ARNAUD GUILLAUME [I] (-[1200])Vicomte de la Barthe"Bernardus comes Convenarum et Bigore et vicecomes de Marchan" donated property to Gimont by charter dated Aug 1192, witnessed by "Arnaldus Willelmus de la Barta…"[1202]m NAVARRA, daughter of --- & his wife Brune ---.  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[1203].  Arnaud Guillaume [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)         SANCHO [III] (-after 1235)Vicomte de la Barthe

-        see below

b)         ESPAIN .  Archdeacon of Torol 1235. 

c)         GASPARD

d)         COMTORS de la Barthe (-after 1234).  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[1204]m ([1195], divorced [1197]) as his second wife, BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges, son of BERNARD [III] Comte de Comminges & his wife --- de Toulouse (-22 Feb 1225). 

3.         [AVARCHET (-after [1175]).  "Ramon W. et Fortanerius" swore homage to "comiti Bigorritano et Sanchio de Labarta" by charter dated to [1175] which names "Avarchet de Labarcha" as one of the hostages[1205].] 

 

 

SANCHO [III], son of ARNAUD GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de la Barthe & his wife Navara de Pontis (-after 1235)Vicomte de la Barthe

m ([1212]) MATHILDE de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges & his third wife Marie de Montpellier.  The testament of "Maria regina Aragonum et domina Montispessulani" is dated 20 Apr 1213, naming "Jacobum filium Regis Aragonum et meumduæ filiæ meæ Mathildis…et Perona"[1206].   The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "comte Bernard de Comminges" had two daughters by his wife "la fille de Guillaume de Montpellier…Marie" of whom one married "Sanche de Barral" and the other "Centulle comte d´Astarac"[1207]

Sancho [III] & his wife had one child: 

1.         ARNAUD GUILLAUME [II] (-after 1259).  "Arnaldus Guilhermus Barbazan et Bonushomo de Monte", executors of "quondam domini Santii de La Bartha", recognised a debt of "Arnaldum Guilhermum de La Bartha, filium præfati domini Santii" to the monastery of Bonnefont by charter dated Feb 1237[1208]Vicomte de la Barthe, d'Aure et de Magnoac.  m ([1235]) --- d´Aure, daughter of BERNARD Vicomte d´Aure & his wife ---.  Vicomtesse d´Aure et de Magnoac.  Arnaud Guillaume [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         VERONIQUE de la Barthe Vicomtesse de la Barthe, d'Aure et de Magnoac.  m (1263) ARNAUD BERNARD d´Armagnac, son of ROGER d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fezensaguet & his wife Pucelle d´Albret (-killed in battle 1272). 

b)         BRUNISENDE de la BartheVicomtesse de la Barthe, d'Aure et de Magnoac.  Her descendants assumed the name and arms of la Barthe[1209].  m BERTRAND de Fumel, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         GERARD de la Barthe (-after 18 Feb 1347).  The first testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "…dominum Gerardum de Bartha militem, dominum vallis Auræ et castri novi Manhoaci, consanguineum nostrum germanium…Rogerium de Bartha consanguineum nostrum germanium, fratri dicti Gerardi"[1210]m BRUNISENDE de Lautrec, daughter of ---.  Gérard & his wife had one child: 

a)         MAUBROSSE de la Barthe m as his second wife, JEAN [I] Comte d´Astarac, son of CENTULE [IV] Comte d´Astarac & his wife Mathe de Fézensaguet (-5 Oct 1398). 

2.         ROGER de la Barthe (-after 18 Feb 1347).  The first testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, "…dominum Gerardum de Bartha militem, dominum vallis Auræ et castri novi Manhoaci, consanguineum nostrum germanium…Rogerium de Bartha consanguineum nostrum germanium, fratri dicti Gerardi"[1211]

 

3.         ARNAUD GUILLAUME de la Barthe (-after 18 Feb 1347).  The first testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, names as his heirs, in turn, appoints "…dominum Arnaldum Guillelmi de Barta episcopum Lectorensem consanguineum nostrum…" among his executors[1212]

 

 

 

G.      VICOMTES de LAVEDAN

 

 

The vicomté of Lavedan was created in the early 10th century and originally consisted of "de l´Extrême de Castelloubon, des villages de Souin, Siuros et Beaucens situés en Davantaygue, du territoire de Vidalos sis dans l´Extrême de Salles sur la rive gauche du Gave, du tiers des revenues…appartenant au comte de Bigorre dans la vallée de Barèges, de la viguerie de tous les lieux situés en Davantaygue entre Cot de Boô et le chemin de Barèges…des…redevances perçues dans les villages de la vallée de Batsurguère"[1213]The vicomtes de Lavedan abandoned their title in the early 13th century and were thereafter known as seigneurs de Castelloubon or seigneurs de Lavedan[1214].  The title was inherited by an illegitimate branch of the family of the Ducs de Bourbon in the early 16th century. 

 

 

MANSION [Loup], son of [LOUP Donat Comte de Bigorre & his wife ---] .  According to Jaurgain, Mansion Loup was the second son of Loup Donat Comte de Bigorre[1215].  He cites no primary source which names him, confirms the relationship or specifies his patronymic.  It appears that this person, named Mansion, is known only from the patronymic attributed to his son.  It is probable that the alleged family connection with the comtes de Bigorre is speculative because the name "Mansio" appears in the supposed family of his presumed paternal grandmother Faquilo. 

m ---.  The name of Mansion´s wife is not known. 

Mansion & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         ANER Mans (-[980]).  A charter dated to [940] records "Aner Manz et Anerils vicecomites Levitanicæ vallis" among those who participated in the foundation of Saint-Savin de Lavedan[1216].  Vicomte de Lavedanm ---.  The name of Aner´s wife is not known.  Aner & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORT Aner (-[1022]).  Vicomte de LavedanFort Aner donated the village of Souin to the abbot of Saint-Savin by undated charter[1217].  "Cognatus meus Fortanerius, Levitanensis [vice]comes et uxor eius Musola et filius eorum…Guarsia Forto" are named in a charter dated to [980] under which Amelius Bishop of Tarbes donated property to the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan, in expiation of the consent he had given for the marriage of "Lodovici comitis Bigorritanensis et uxori eius Amernæ" who were related "in tertia consanguinitate"[1218].  "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès, in the presence of "…Forto vicecomes Levitanensis et filii eius Garcias et Guilhermus…", by charter dated to [1022][1219]m MUSOLA [Wisola], daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [980] records the remorse of Amelius Bishop of Bigorre for having authorised the marriage of "Lodovici comitis Bigorriantensis et uxoris eius Amerna…in tertia consanguinitate" and donated property to Saint-Orens subject to the life interest of "cognatus meus Fortanerius, Levitanensis [vice]comes et uxor eius Wisola et filius eorum Guarsia Forto"[1220].  According to Jaurgain, Amerna was the daughter of Aner Mans Vicomte de Lavedan but he cites no primary source on which he bases this statement[1221].  Under this hypothesis, "Fortanerius" who is named in this charter would have been Amerna´s brother.  However, this seems unlikely to be correct unless he was considerably older than his sister, which is indicated by his son also being named in the same document.  Fort & his wife had two children: 

i)          GARCIA Fort (-[1022/23]).  "Cognatus meus Fortanerius, Levitanensis [vice]comes et uxor eius Musola et filius eorum…Guarsia Forto" are named in a charter dated to [980] under which Amelius Bishop of Tarbes donated property to the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan[1222].  "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès, in the presence of "…Forto vicecomes Levitanensis et filii eius Garcias et Guilhermus…", by charter dated to [1022][1223]Vicomte de Lavedanm ---.  The name of Garcia´s wife is not known.  Garcia & his wife had three children: 

(a)       RAYMOND GarciaVicomte de Lavedan"Guillem Fort et Ramon Garsia nepos eius, in vicecomitatu" renewed the privileges of the monastery of Saint-Savin de Lavedan by charter dated to [1023][1224].  "Guilhermus vicecomes et Raimundus Garsias et Guilhermus frater suus" proclaimed the protection of the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan by charter dated to [1023][1225].  "Raimundus Garsias" donated property to Saint-Savin de Lavedan[1226], by charter which Jaurgain dates to [1070][1227].  

(b)       GUILLAUME Garcia (-after [1023]).  "Guilhermus vicecomes et Raimundus Garsias et Guilhermus frater suus" proclaimed the protection of the monastery of Saint-Orens de Lavedan by charter dated to [1023][1228].  

(c)       ETIENNE de Lavedan (-1070).  Bishop of Oloron 1058. 

ii)         GUILLAUME Fort (-[1040]).  "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès, in the presence of "…Forto vicecomes Levitanensis et filii eius Garcias et Guilhermus…", by charter dated to [1022][1229].  Vicomte de Soule. 

-         VICOMTES de SOULE

2.         [ANERILS (-after [940]).  A charter dated to [940] records "Aner Manz et Anerils vicecomites Levitanicæ vallis" among those who participated in the foundation of Saint-Savin de Lavedan[1230].  Vicomte de Lavedan.]  same person as…? AZERILS (-after 3 Apr [1009]).  [Vicomte] de Sault.  According to Jaurgain, Azerils Vicomte de Sault was the same person as Anerils Vicomte de Lavedan[1231], although this appears improbable from a chronological point of view.  "…Azerilis de Salt…" signed the charter dated 3 Apr [1009] under which "Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever by "genitor meus Willelmus Sancio comes"[1232]

-        VICOMTES de SAULT[1233]

 

 

1.         AUGER (-after 1 Apr 1080).  According to Jaurgain, Auger was the son of Raymond Garcia Vicomte de Lavedan, but he cites no primary source on which he bases his statement[1234]Vicomte de Lavedan.  "Ogerii vicecomitis, Tubaldi, Stephani, Arsenii" subscribed the charter dated 12 May 1087 under which "Centullus comes et uxor mea Beatrix et mater eius Stephania" donated the monastery of Saint-Savin de Lavedan "in comitatu Bigorritano" to Saint-Victor de Marseille[1235].  Jaurgain identifies the subscribers as Auger Vicomte de Lavedan and his three brothers[1236], although there appears to be nothing in the document on which he bases this statement. 

 

2.         RAYMOND (-after 14 Oct 1095).  "Ramundus de Levitania" is named in a charter dated 14 Oct 1095 as present at the consecration of the church of Saint-Pé de Générès[1237].  According to Jaurgain, Raymond was the son of Auger Vicomte de Lavedan, but he cites no primary source on which he bases his statement[1238].  [Vicomte de Lavedan].  It should be noted that the document quoted above does not attribute the vicomital title to Raymond. 

 

3.         ARNAUD [I] (-[12 Sep 1142/1144]).  According to Jaurgain, Arnaud [I] was the son of Raymond [Vicomte de Lavedan], but he cites no primary source on which he bases his statement[1239]Vicomte de Lavedan.  "Bernardus filius Centulli" ordered the writing of the customs of the county of Bigorre "tempore avi sui Bernardi…comitis" by charter dated to [1110], which names "Arnaldus vicecomes Levitanensis"[1240].  "Arn de Laveda et R. Gassie so filh" subscribed the charter dated 24 Apr 1125 under which Sancho Garcia vicomte d´Aure swore homage to the comte de Bigorre[1241]m firstly --- (-[1119/20]).  Arnaud´s first wife is referred to, but not named, in a charter dated to 1118, during the absence of her husband at war in Spain, in which "Guasie Doad de Sent Martii" declared to "la molher de Arnaut de Lavedan" that "lo senhor de Casted Loboo" should receive one third of revenues from Barèges by the comte de Bigorre[1242]m secondly ([1120]) ORIA Ctss de Pallars, daughter of ---.  This marriage is referred to by Jaurgain but it has not yet been possible to link Oria with the family of the condes de Pallars[1243].  Arnaud [I] & his first wife had two children: 

a)         RAYMOND GARCIA (-after 1186).  "Arn de Laveda et R. Gassie so filh" subscribed the charter dated 24 Apr 1125 under which Sancho Garcia vicomte d´Aure swore homage to the comte de Bigorre[1244]m ([1140]) CORNELIE de Barbazan, daughter of ARNAUD Seigneur de Barbazan-Debat & his wife ---.  A charter dated to [1140] records that "Arnaldus de Barbaza de Debat, suam filiam Corneliam" married "Raimundo Guarsie filio Arnaldo de Laveda" and "Guilhermus Arnaldus suus consanguineus" (referring to "Arnaldus de Barbaza") considered himself prejudiced by the marriage and declared war and captured the bride´s property[1245]

-        VICOMTES de LAVEDAN[1246]

b)         ARNAUD de Lavadan dit d´Aragon (-[1180/85]).  "Fortanerius de Levitano…filius Arnaldi de Aragono" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1190, confirmed by "domina Maria…filia predicti Fortanerii de Levitano" by charter dated 1194[1247]

-        SEIGNEUR de BEAUCENS[1248]

 

 

 

H.      VICOMTES de MONTANER

 

 

Montaner is located in the Pau arrondissement of the eastern part of the present-day French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, north-west of Tarbes.  Vicomtes de Montaner are recorded in primary sources from the early 11th century until the end of the same century.  The primary sources, extracted below, suggest that the vicomtes were vassals of the comtes de Bigorre.  No indication has been found of the fate of the vicomté de Montaner after the end of the 11th century. 

 

 

ODON Dat, son of DATO & his wife --- (-[1010]).  According to Jaurgain, Odon Dat was the brother of Auriol Dat, stating that they were sons of Dato [II] Loup Comte de Bigorre and brother of Raymond Comte de Bigorre[1249].  However, he cites no primary source on which this is based and presumably the hypothesis depends only on his patronymic.  It should be noted that Raymond Comte de Bigorre is not referred to as "Raymond Dat" in any of the primary sources consulted.  Vicomte de Montaner.  A charter dated 1009 records, in the presence of "Lodoici comitis Bigorræ", that "Otto Dato vicecomes Montanereus" founded the monastery of Saint-Orens de La Reule[1250].  Another, undated, charter also records the foundation of Saint-Orens de La Reule by "Otto Dat vicecomes…[et] Arnaldum quoque Sancionem vicecomitem", and notes that "filius suus Guillelmus Otto…[et] Garsendi…sorori suæ" donated further property and that Odon Dat died in the same year[1251]

m ---.  The name of Odon´s wife is not known. 

Odon Dat & his wife had two children: 

1.         GUILLAUME Odon (-1036).  An undated charter records the foundation of Saint-Orens de La Reule by "Otto Dat vicecomes…[et] Arnaldum quoque Sancionem vicecomitem", and notes that "filius suus Guillelmus Otto…[et] Garsendi…sorori suæ" donated further property[1252]Vicomte de Montaner.  "Sancius…totius Gasconniæ princeps et dux" founded the monastery of St Hilaire-de-Lassun, later known as St Pé-de-Générès, in the presence of "…Guilhermus Odonis vicecomes de Montanerii…", by charter dated to [1022][1253].  An undated charter records that "vicecomite Guillelmo Ottone, eius consanguineus" appointed "[Gregorius]" as abbot of Saint-Orens de La Reule and donated further property[1254]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume Odon & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERNARD ODON .  A charter dated to [1037] records that, after the death of Guillaume Odon, "filius eius Bernardus Otto" confirmed the privileges of Saint-Orens de La Reule and donated the church of Sainte-Marie d´Estirac[1255]Vicomte de Montaner

2.         GERSENDE (-after [1010]).  An undated charter records the foundation of Saint-Orens de La Reule by "Otto Dat vicecomes…[et] Arnaldum quoque Sancionem vicecomitem", and notes that "filius suus Guillelmus Otto…[et] Garsendi…sorori suæ" donated further property[1256]

 

 

1.         ODON [II] (-after [1050]).  Vicomte de Montaner.  "Odo vicecomes de Monte Anerii" donated a serf to Saint-Pé by charter dated to [1050][1257].  Jaurgain assumes that Vicomte Odon was the same person as Vicomte Bernard Odon[1258].  This is a possibility but it is difficult to see how this conclusion can be drawn definitively on the basis of the limited information in the relevant primary sources.  No other information has been found about the parentage of Odon [II]. 

 

2.         ARNAUD (-before 1095).  Jaurgain states that Vicomte Arnaud was the same son as Vicomte Odon [II] but cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[1259]Vicomte de Montaner.  "Ar. de Mont Aner" provided guarantors to Centule de Béarn Comte de Bigorre for the marriage of his granddaughter to Centule´s son Gaston, by charter dated to [1085][1260]m ---.  The name of Arnaud´s wife is not known.  Arnaud & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         [daughter .  Her marriage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[1261] and by Jaurgain[1262].  The latter quotes the charter dated to [1085] under which "Ar. de Mont Aner" provided guarantors to Centule de Béarn Comte de Bigorre for the marriage of his granddaughter to Centule´s son Gaston[1263], but the extract does not provide a clue about the parentage of the bride´s mother.  No more precise primary source has yet been identified which confirms her parentage and marriage.  In addition, the charters quoted in the document ARAGON KINGS suggest that Sancho´s known wife Beatriz survived well into the 12th century.  The conclusion must be that this reported second marriage of Sancho is incorrect, or that at least the parentage of his supposed second wife is reported inaccurately.  m [as his second wife,] SANCHO Ramírez Señor de Aibar, illegitimate son of RAMIRO I King of Aragon & his mistress Munia --- (-after 1117).]  

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    BORDEAUX

 

 

 

A.      COMTES de BORDEAUX

 

The history of the comtes de Bordeaux in the 10th and 11th centuries is obscure due to the limited number of references found in primary sources.  The following outline represents the best family reconstruction which can be achieved at the present time in light of the information available but, as will be seen, it is far from complete. 

 

 

1.         BERTRAND (-after [836]).  “Bertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836]), in the presence of “Adasio abbati[1264].  Jaurgain refers to Bertrand as “comte de Bazas” but he cites no primary source on which he relies[1265].  In another passage, Jaurgain refers to him as “Bertrand comte de Bazas et d´Agen” but he cites no source which confirms the holding of Agen[1266]m BERTA, daughter of ---.  Bertrand & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         GUILLAUMEBertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836])[1267]same person as...?  GUILLAUME (-[killed Bordeaux 848]).  Jaurgain assumes this co-identity but provides no primary source reference which confirms that he is correct[1268]Comte de [Bordeaux].  [Duke of Gascony.]  He was presumably invested with part of Gascony after the death of Seguin [II] but no primary source has been found which confirms that this is correct.  The Chronicon Fontanellensis records that "Ducem eiusdem Guilhelmum" was captured (and presumably killed, but this is not stated in the source) when "Nortmanni" captured Bordeaux in 848[1269]

b)         GAUSBERTBertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836])[1270]

c)         ARNAUD .  “Bertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836])[1271]

d)         BERNARD .  “Bertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836])[1272]

e)         [daughter .  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Vulgrimnus" inherited "Aginnum...urbem" through "sororem Willelmi Tolosani" whom he had married[1273].  The identity of "Willelmi Tolosani" is unclear.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc speculates that he was Guillaume Comte de Bordeaux (whom it refers to as comte de Toulouse), son of Bernard Marquis de Septimanie and his wife Dhuoda[1274].  However, this proposed origin seems far from certain as this Guillaume, if he was indeed comte de Toulouse, could only have ruled the town briefly.  In addition, it seems strange that the relationship with her more illustrious (or notorious) father, Bernard, would not have been used in the source to place the wife of Vulgrin, if she had been the daughter of Bernard.  The editors of the third edition of the Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggest that the passage in Adhémar de Chabannes refers "probablement [à] Guillaume comte de Bordeaux"[1275]Jaurgain suggests that this suggestion is correct, on the basis that Guillaume was the son of “Bertrand comte de Bazas et d´Agen” and therefore entitled to pass Agen to his brother-in-law[1276].  Unfortunately, he cites no source which confirms that Bertrand was “comte d´Agen”, nor any source which confirms beyond doubt the co-identity between Bertrand´s son Guillaume and Guillaume Comte [de Bordeaux, [Duke of Gascony].  However, this second hypothesis has some appeal.  If it is correct, Vulgrin´s wife must have been considerable earlier than any daughter of Bernard Marquis de Septimanie, which is more consistent with Vulgrin being described as “senex” when he was appointed to Angoulême (see the document ANGOULÊME, LA MARCHE, PERIGORD).  m VULGRIN [I] Comte d'Angoulême, son of VULFARD [d'Angoulême] & his wife Susanna de Paris (-3 May 886, bur Angoulême Saint-Cybard).] 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME (-after [952/62]).  Comte de Bordeauxm ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

a)         --- de BordeauxComte de BordeauxThe Chronique de Guitres records that, after the death of “Adaicius”, his sons were confirmed in their rights [at Fronsac] by “Burdegalem...consulem ipsorum avunculum[1277].  The chronology suggests that this was the same person as Raymond Comte de Bordeaux, who is named below.  This appears corroborated by his sister naming her second son Raymond. 

b)         daughter The Chronique de Guitres records that “Adaicius” married “Gillermum Burdegalensem consulem...filiam” and was granted “castrum de Fronsiac[1278].  Depoin dates the marriage to [952/62][1279]m ([952/62]) as his first wife, ADACIUS, son of ALCHIER Seigneur de Ribérac & his wife ---. 

 

 

2.         RAYMOND Jaurgain assumes that Raymond was the son of Guillaume Comte [de Bordeaux] [Duke of Gascony], who was captured in 848 (see above), but he cites no primary source on which he relies[1280]Comte de Bordeauxm ANDREGOTO, daughter of ---.  "Comes Villelmus…matrem suam…Entregotis et uxorem suam Aremburgis" and "Guillelmus comes, filius Remundo comiti" founded the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated to "regnante Guillelmo comite, quod vocatur bonus in civitate Burdegalensi"[1281].  Settipani suggests that the wife of Comte Raymond was Andregoto de Gascogne, daughter of Garcia Sanchez Duke of Gascony & his wife Amuna ---, but does not cite the primary source on which he bases his reasoning[1282].  If he is correct, Andregoto was born [875/900], which places the dating of the 1027 charter for Bordeaux Sainte-Croix (see below) in doubt.  Raymond & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-11 Nov [after 1027]).  "Comes Villelmus…matrem suam…Entregotis et uxorem suam Aremburgis" and "Guillelmus comes, filius Remundo comiti" founded the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated to "regnante Guillelmo comite, quod vocatur bonus in civitate Burdegalensi"[1283].  "Guillelmus…comes Aquitanie simul et dux Vasconie et uxor mea Remberga" donated property to the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated 1027[1284].  The donors in these two charters appear to be the same person.  However, no connection has been made between the individuals named in the charters and the known dukes of Gascony or Aquitaine, which suggests either that the charters may be spurious or that they refer to a different family whose rule over the whole of Gascony and/or Aquitaine was not generally recognised.  Comte de Bordeaux.  An inscription, reputedly once in the church of Sainte-Quitterie at Aire but now disappeared, records the death "III Id Nov" of "Guilelmus comes C…[M]archio dux Guascanorum et…Garsie fratris eius comitus Agennensium"[1285]m AREMBURGIS, daughter of ---.  "Guillelmus…comes Aquitanie simul et dux Vasconie et uxor mea Remberga" donated property to the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated 1027[1286]

b)         [GARCIA .  Comte d'Agen.  An inscription, reputedly once in the church of Sainte-Quitterie at Aire but now disappeared, records the death "III Id Nov" of "Guilelmus comes C…[M]archio dux Guascanorum et…Garsie fratris eius comitus Agennensium"[1287].] 

 

 

3.         EUDES de Bordeaux, son of --- (-1039)m as her first husband, AINA de Périgord, daughter of [BOSON [III] Comte de Périgord & his wife Aina de Montignac] (-after 1058).  The Chronicle of Saint-Maixent names "Audeberti comitis Petragoricæ filiam" as the wife of "Gaufredus", specifying that they later separated on the grounds of consanguinity[1288].  This is impossible from a chronological point of view if it is assumed the charters dated 1122 naming "Ascelina comitissa" (see ANGOULEME) refer to the wife of Audebert [III] Comte de Périgord.  It is therefore posited that Aina was the daughter of Boson [III] which, assuming the latter's birth in [990], is chronologically consistent with her first marriage before 1039.  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not so far been identified, although the charter dated 1043 under which "Ama comitissa Burdagelensis seu Petragorice patrie" donated property in the Dordogne to the monastery of Sainte-Marie-de-la-fin-des-terres suggests that it may be correct[1289].  She married secondly (Jan 1044, repudiated 1058) as his first wife, Guy-Geoffroy d'Aquitaine Comte de Gascogne, who succeeded in 1058 as Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume VI Comte de Poitou]. After her repudiation by her second husband, she became a nun at Notre Dame de Saintes where she died. 

 

 

 

B.      BORDEAUX FAMILY

 

 

This family, presumably originally inhabitants of the town of Bordeaux who had adopted their name from their place of residence, consolidated its position in the local nobility by several high-profile marriages into other noble Gascon families and acquiring a portfolio of seigneuries in the area.  Satisfactory reconstruction of the genealogy of the family is hindered particularly by the repeted use of the name Pierre across the generations. 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUMEm ---.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Bordeaux (-after 1143).  "Petrus de Burdegala, Willelmi prepositi filius…cum uxore sua Guirauda" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated 1143[1290]m GUIRAUDE, daughter of --- (-after 1143).  "Petrus de Burdegala, Willelmi prepositi filius…cum uxore sua Guirauda" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated 1143[1291]

 

2.         PIERRE de Bordeaux m MATHILDE Vicomtesse de Tartas, daughter of GARCIA de Marche & his wife ---.  "Mateudis vicecomitissa de Tartas, filia Garsionis de Marcha, uxor Petri de Burdegala" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated to [1160/85][1292]

 

 

Two brothers:

3.         GAILLARD de Bordeaux .  "Gallardus de Burdegala", after the death of "sui fratris Arnaldi de Lalanda militis", donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by undated charter dated to mid-12th century[1293]

4.         ARNAUD de Lalande .  "Gallardus de Burdegala", after the death of "sui fratris Arnaldi de Lalanda militis", donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter undated dated to mid-12th century[1294]

 

Two brothers: 

5.         PIERRE de Bordeaux .  "Petrus de Burdegala" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "Raimundo Willelmi fratre suo" who died in Jerusalem, by undated charter dated to mid-12th century[1295]

6.         RAYMOND GUILLAUME de Bordeaux (-Jerusalem).  "Petrus de Burdegala" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "Raimundo Willelmi fratre suo" who died in Jerusalem, by undated charter dated to mid-12th century[1296]

 

 

7.         PIERRE de Bordeauxm ---.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Bordeaux .  "Petrus de Burdegala, filius Petri prepositi" renounced royalties in favour of Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, in the presence of "uxore sua Marchisia…duobusque militibus Raimundo Arnaldi et Galardo de Burdegala" by undated charter dated to mid-12th century, which records that after the death of Pierre "fratre suo Amanevo" confirmed the donation[1297]m MARQUISE, daughter of ---.  "Petrus de Burdegala, filius Petri prepositi" renounced royalties in favour of Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, in the presence of "uxore sua Marchisia…duobusque militibus Raimundo Arnaldi et Galardo de Burdegala" by undated charter dated to mid-12th century, which records that after the death of Pierre "fratre suo Amanevo" confirmed the donation[1298]

b)         AMANIEU de Bordeaux .  "Petrus de Burdegala, filius Petri prepositi" renounced royalties in favour of Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, in the presence of "uxore sua Marchisia…duobusque militibus Raimundo Arnaldi et Galardo de Burdegala" by undated charter dated to mid-12th century, which records that after the death of Pierre "fratre suo Amanevo" confirmed the donation[1299]

 

8.         PIERRE de Bordeaux (-after 6 Jun 1214)King John confirmed the fine paid by "Petro de Burdigal" for "custodiam honoris de Blankeford et de Insul et juris qd Wills de Blankeford habuit in Burgo" and the marriage of "Assaillida filia ipsius Pet  q heres est ipsius Willelmi" by charter dated 6 Jun 1214[1300]m --- [de Blanquefort], daughter of ---.  King John confirmed the fine paid by "Petro de Burdigal" for "custodiam honoris de Blankeford et de Insul et juris qd Wills de Blankeford habuit in Burgo" and the marriage of "Assaillida filia ipsius Pet  q heres est ipsius Willelmi" by charter dated 6 Jun 1214[1301].  It is not stated in this document that Pierre´s wife was the daughter of Guillaume de Blanquefort, only that their daughter was his heir.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         ASSALIDE de Bordeaux .  King John confirmed the fine paid by "Petro de Burdigal" for "custodiam honoris de Blankeford et de Insul et juris qd Wills de Blankeford habuit in Burgo" and the marriage of "Assaillida filia ipsius Pet  q heres est ipsius Willelmi" by charter dated 6 Jun 1214[1302]

 

 

9.         GAILLARD de Bordeaux .  King Henry III summoned vassals to meet "apud Pontem", including "Gailardus de Burdigala, Petrus de Burdegala", dated 25 May 1242[1303]

 

10.      PIERRE de Bordeaux .  King Henry III summoned vassals to meet "apud Pontem", including "Gailardus de Burdigala, Petrus de Burdegala", dated 25 May 1242[1304].  Captal de Buch.  m ---.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         MATHE de Bordeaux (-after May 1281).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by first testament of her husband "el noble bar n´Amaniu de Labrit, filh de n´Amaniu de Labrid et de n´Assaride de Tartas", dated 25 Jul 1262, which appoints "Pey de Bordel et na Mathe, sa fille et ma moilher" as his executors[1305]m ([1255]) as his second wife, AMANIEU [VII] Sire d´Albret, son of AMANIEU [VI] Sire d´Albret & his first wife Assalide de Tartas (-after 25 Jun 1270). 

 

11.      --- de Bordeauxm MATHE, daughter of ---.  After the death of Vicomte Vézian, his mother-in-law, Mathe de Bordeaux, wrote to Edward I King of England objecting to the inheritance of the viscountships of Lomagne and Auvillars by his sister and proposing her own son Amanieu as the preferred successor[1306].  No proof has yet been found that this is the same person as Mathe de Bordeaux, wife of Amanieu [VII] Sire d´Albret, but this looks a likely possibility[1307].  One child: 

a)         --- de Bordeaux .  After the death of Vicomte Vézian, his mother-in-law, Mathe de Bordeaux, wrote to Edward I King of England objecting to the inheritance of the viscountships of Lomagne and Auvillars by his sister and proposing her own son Amanieu as the preferred successor[1308]m VEZIAN [III] Vicomte de Lomagne, son of ARNAUD [III Odon Vicomte de Lomagne et d´Auvillars & his second wife (-1280). 

 

12.      PIERRE [IV] de Bordeaux .  Seigneur de Puy-Paulin {a borough of Bordeaux, Gironde}.  Seneschal of Gascony.  m ASSALIDE de Rancon, daughter of ---.  Pierre [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Bordeaux (-[1 Apr 1305/1334]).  Pierre de Bordeaux is named in a letter dated 1 Apr 1305 by the king of England to his seneschal Jean de Havering[1309].  Philippe VI King of France sent a commission to the seneschal of Périgord and Quercy dated 1334 ordering payment to "Jeanne de Périgord, veuve de Pierre de Bordeaux", of an allowance of 300 francs which her husband had allowed her from the fees paid by the market at Bordeaux[1310]m JEANNE de Périgord, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD [III] Comte de Périgord & his second wife Marie d´Anduze ([1270] or after-[28 Apr 1341/Jan 1345]).  The second testament of Archambaud [III] dated Sep 1295 provided for dowries for "sororem Ayramburgis filiam nostram ordinis sororum Sancte Clare…quando contraxit matrimonium cum domino Anessantio de Caulomonte…Gualhardam cum Gualhardo de La Landa…Johannam…cum Petro de Burdigala"[1311].  The dates associated with her father's first and second wives indicate that Jeanne must have been born from his second marriage (which is confirmed explicitly by her marriage contract).  The marriage contract between "Johana filha deu noble senhor Archambaud…compte de Peyregort et…la noble dona na Maria molhere" and "Pierre de Bordeau…filh…deu noble baron en Pierre de Bordeau" is dated 26 Jan 1290[1312].  A series of charters dated 9 Nov 1316, 2 Apr 1327, 1328, 7 Sep 1329, 1340 and Apr 1341 record a lengthy dispute, and the ensuing arbitration, between "Jehanne de Perigort dame de Lavardac" and "le sire d´Albret" concerning "les lymites de Lavardac et de Nérac"[1313].  Part of the seal of Jeanne de Périgord dame de Lavardac is attached to a parchment dated at Lavardac 28 Apr 1341[1314].  She died before Jan 1345 when Jean Duke of Normandy (later Jean II King of France) granted property "Fauquerolles et Cauderoue" (which had been inherited by Jeanne's mother from Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse) to Cardinal Taleyrand de Périgord, the document stating that it had been handed to the English by "sa tante, feue Jeanne de Périgord"[1315].  Under her testament dated 24 Aug 1342, she named her nephew Cardinal Talleyrand de Périgord as her sole legatee, with substitution in favour of her nephew Roger-Bernard Comte de Périgord[1316].  Talleyrand, cardinal de Périgord, seigneur de Lavardac, granted a proxy to take possession of the property[1317]

 

13.      PIERRE [V] de Bordeauxm COMTOR, daughter of ---.  Pierre [V] & his wife had two children: 

a)         PIERRE [VI] de Bordeaux (-1307 or before).  Seigneur de Puy-Paulin {a borough in Bordeaux, Gironde}.  m ([1301]) as her first husband, JEANNE de Périgord, daughter of [HELIE [IX] TALAIRAN Comte de Périgord & his first wife Philippa de Lomagne] (-after 29 May 1332).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   However, if she was a member of the family of the Comtes de Périgord, it is chronologically consistent for her to have been the daughter of Comte Hélie [IX], by his first marriage considering the date of her own first marriage.  Her absence from the testament of Comte Hélie [IX] Talairand, dated 8 Aug 1302, suggests that Jeanne may not have been his daughter[1318].  Her supposed first marriage is suggested by the act dated 1307 under which Pierre [II] de Grailly (who married firstly Assalide, sister of Pierre [VI] de Bordeaux, and was therefore heir to Pierre [VI], de iure uxoris) granted Jeanne "Petg" widow of "Pey de Bordeu" revenues in Médoc[1319].  She married secondly (1307) Pons de Castillon.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the letter from Edward I King of England "pro Pontio domino de Castelione", dated 26 Apr 1307, requesting papal dispensation for the marriage between "Pontium filium dicti Pontii" and "Johanam de Peregort"[1320], the dispensation being required because her first husband had been the maternal uncle of her proposed second husband although this reason is not specified in the document.  She married thirdly (before 1318) Sansaner des Pins Seigneur de Monheurt {Tarn-et-Garonne}.  Her third marriage is indicated by a bull of Pope John XXII dated 1318 which names "Sansaniero de Pinibus et…nobili mulieri Johanne Petragoris eius uxori"[1321].  "Jeanne de Périgord, veuve de Sancenier des Pins" is named in act of the parlement dated 29 May 1332[1322], and a peace treaty dated 1319 between "dominum Amaneum domino de Lebreto" [Amanieu [VII] Sire d'Albret] on the one hand and Jeanne de Périgord and her husband "dominum Sansanerium de Pinibus militem" [Sansaner des Pins] on the other[1323]

b)         ASSALIDE de Bordeaux (-1328).  She was heiress of her brother.  Dame de Puy-Paulin, Captalesse de Buch.  Testified 2 Apr 1328[1324]m firstly BERTRAND de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [V] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Guillelme de Durfort (-before 1 Sep 1307).  m secondly (1 Sep 1307) as his first wife, PIERRE [II] de Grailly Seigneur de Grilly, son of PIERRE [I] de Grailly & his first wife Thalèse [Talesia] de Bouville (-1356).  Seigneur de Grilly, Rolle, Ville-la-Grand, Vicomte de Castillon, Captal de Buch. 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de BLANQUEFORT

 

 

Blanquefort is located north-west of Bordeaux near the left bank of the river Gironde.  The castle of Blanquefort was presumably sold to the English crown in the latter part of the 13th century, although the precise date and circumstances of the sale have not been ascertained.  King Edward II granted “castrum et villam de Blankaforti Burdegaliæ dioc.” to “Bertrandum de Guto nunc vicecomitem Leomanniæ et Alti Villaris” by charters dated 16 Jan 1313[1325]

 

 

1.         AMAUVIN [I] de Blanquefort .  "Amalvinus de Blancafort" donated a serf to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, guaranteed by "Arnaudus cognatus meus et Gombaudus de Blancafort", by charter dated to [1100/20][1326].  "Amalvinus Blanchefortensis cum Gastone Bearnensi" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin on leaving on crusade, for the soul of "Arnaudi avunculi sui Blanchefortensis" and with guarantors "ipse Amalvinus et Arnaldus Blanchefortensis consanguineus eius et Arnaldus de Illiaco", by charter dated to [1120][1327]m ---.  The name of Amauvin´s wife is not known.  Amauvin & his wife had one child 

a)         ARNAUD .  A charter dated 1159 records that "Arnaldus filius suus" obtained property while "Amalbinus de Blancafort" was fighting in Jerusalem, and that he renounced rights to receipts from cereals in favour of Bordeaux Saint-Seurin[1328]

 

2.         ARNAUD de Blanquefortm ---.  The name of Arnaud´s wife is not known.  Arnaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         RIXENDE .  "Rixendis, filia Arnaudi de Blancafort" donated a villein to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, in the hands of "Arnaudi de Blancafort cognati sui…et…Guitardi de Vitrinis mariti sui", by charter dated to [1160/75], witnessed by "Pontius de Cantamerla, Amanevus de Vitrinis et Tancredus frater eius"[1329]m GUITARD de Veyrines, son of ARNAUD de Veyrines & his wife Arahais ---.  "Arnaudus de Vitrinis cum filio meo Guitardo et uxore mea Arahais" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated to [1101/30][1330]

 

3.         VITAL de Blanquefort (-1181).  "Vitalis de Blancafort…" witnessed the charter dated 1172 under which "na Galarda filia domine Guille des Pereguer" confirmed the donations made by "pred. domina Guila et maritus eius Ato de Blancafort" to Gimont[1331]m NAVARRA, daughter of --- de Seysses & his wife --- (-after 1181).  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181, witnessed by "Willelmus de Blancafort mon. Gem…."[1332].  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[1333].  Vital & his wife had four children: 

a)         AMAUVIN [II] de Blanquefort (-after 1181).  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[1334].  Seigneur de Blanquefort.  "Arnaudus de Blancaforti" donated a villein to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "uxoris mee Ainie de Baiona", with the consent of "Amalbinus frater eius", by charter dated 1176[1335].  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[1336]

b)         ARNAUD de Blanquefort (-after 1181).  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[1337].  "Arnaudus de Blancaforti" donated a villein to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "uxoris mee Ainie de Baiona", with the consent of "Amalbinus frater eius", by charter dated 1176[1338]m AINA, daughter of --- (-after 1176).  "Arnaudus de Blancaforti" donated a villein to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "uxoris mee Ainie de Baiona", with the consent of "Amalbinus frater eius", by charter dated 1176[1339].  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[1340]

c)         VITAL (-after 1181).  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[1341].  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[1342]

d)         VITALIA (-after 1181).  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[1343]

4.         [GUILLAUME de Blanquefort (-after 1189).  Monk at Gimont.  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181, witnessed by "Willelmus de Blancafort mon. Gem…."[1344].  "Willelmus de Blancafort, mon. Gem." witnessed charters dated 1187 and 1189 which records donations to Gimont[1345].  A charter dated 1188 records the judgment in favour of "Willelmus de Blancafort, mon. Gem….et fratribus eius" in his claim against "Vitale de Beavas" regarding "decimam Sancti Juliani"[1346].  It is likely that "fratribus eius" in this charter refers to Guillaume´s fellow monks not his blood brothers.] 

 

5.         AUSTINDE ROBERT de Blanquefort .  "Austindus Rorberti de Blancafort" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated to [1110/43][1347]

 

6.         ATO de Blanquefort (-before 1164).  An undated charter summarises the donations of "Atone de Blancafort et Guilla uxor eius" to Gimont, including a donation made by "Guila" for the soul of "Atonis viri sui" and in the presence of "Vitalis de Blancafort", and her donation made with the consent of "Bernardus Willelmus filius pred. domine Guile et Willelmus de Blancafort filius pred. Guile"[1348]m as her second husband, GUILLA de Peyrigué, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-[1164/69]).  "Na Guillae dez Peireguer que fuit uxor Atonis de Blancafort" donated property to Gimont by charter dated 1164, witnessed by "…Vitalis de Blancafort…"[1349].  Her first marriage is suggested by the charter dated 1169 under which her daughter "Trona filia domine Guile de Pereguer…et Willelmus Unaudus maritus eius" confirmed the donations to Gimont by "pred. domina Guila et maritus eius Atto de Blancafort"[1350].  Another probable child of her first marriage is named in the charter dated 1172 under which "na Galarda filia domine Guille des Pereguer" confirmed the donations made by "pred. domina Guila et maritus eius Ato de Blancafort" to Gimont by charter dated 1172, witnessed by "Vitalis de Blancafort…"[1351].  An undated charter summarises the donations of "Atone de Blancafort et Guilla uxor eius" to Gimont, including a donation made by "Guila" for the soul of "Atonis viri sui" and in the presence of "Vitalis de Blancafort", and her donation made with the consent of "Bernardus Willelmus filius pred. domine Guile et Willelmus de Blancafort filius pred. Guile"[1352].  The wording of the last part of this charter suggests that the first named "Willelmus" may also have been Guilla´s child by her earlier marriage.  Ato & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Blanquefort (-after 1171).  "Willelmo de Blancafort filio domine Guille de Pereguer" confirmed his mother´s donations to Gimont by charter dated 1171[1353].  An undated charter summarises the donations of "Atone de Blancafort et Guilla uxor eius" to Gimont, including a donation made by "Guila" for the soul of "Atonis viri sui" and in the presence of "Vitalis de Blancafort", and her donation made with the consent of "Bernardus Willelmus filius pred. domine Guile et Willelmus de Blancafort filius pred. Guile"[1354]same person as…?  GUILLAUME [I] "Guimaz" de Blanquefort m as her first husband, ASSALIDE de Tartas, daughter of --- Vicomte de Tartas & his wife --- (-after May 1180).  An undated charter, dated to the mid-12th century, records a donation by the deceased "Assalida filia vicecomitis de Tartas, que primo uxor Aiquem W. de Blancafort, secundo R. Bernard de Rouman" to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, confirmed by "frater eiusdem domine, Arnaldus Raimundi de Tartas et Aiquelmus Wilelmi filius suus", witnessed by "Garsion de Marcha…"[1355].  "Domina Assalida et suis filiis Raimundo qui vocatur Rubeus et Guillelmo qui vocatur Guimaz et Bernardo qui vocatur Cogots" sold property "in honore de la Fita et de Burnau" to Gimont, with the advice of "Polonie uxoris Raimundi qui vocatur Rubeus", by charter dated May 1180[1356].  She married secondly R. Bernard de Rouman.  Guillaume [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          RAYMOND "Rubeus" (-after May 1180).  "Domina Assalida et suis filiis Raimundo qui vocatur Rubeus et Guillelmo qui vocatur Guimaz et Bernardo qui vocatur Cogots" sold property "in honore de la Fita et de Burnau" to Gimont, with the advice of "Polonie uxoris Raimundi qui vocatur Rubeus", by charter dated May 1180[1357].  m POLONIE, daughter of --- (-after May 1180).  "Domina Assalida et suis filiis Raimundo qui vocatur Rubeus et Guillelmo qui vocatur Guimaz et Bernardo qui vocatur Cogots" sold property "in honore de la Fita et de Burnau" to Gimont, with the advice of "Polonie uxoris Raimundi qui vocatur Rubeus", by charter dated May 1180[1358]