GALICIA NOBILITY 9th-11th century

 v3.0 Updated 18 June 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                GALICIA NOBILITY 9th/early 10th CENTURY. 3

Chapter 2.                FAMILY of HERMENEGILDO GONZÁLEZ. 6

Chapter 3.                MENENDEZ FAMILY. 25

Chapter 4.                FAMILY of ARIAS TETÓNIZ. 46

Chapter 5.                FAMILY of VIMARA PÉREZ. 47

Chapter 6.                FAMILY of RODRIGO VELÁSQUEZ. 53

Chapter 7.                FAMILY of ORDOÑO VERMÚDEZ. 57

Chapter 8.                FAMILY of DIEGO FERNÁNDEZ. 64

Chapter 9.                GUNDEMÁRIZ FAMILY. 83

Chapter 10.              HERRAMÉLIZ FAMILY. 93

Chapter 11.              TRABA. 96

Chapter 12.              OTHER NOBLE FAMILIES in GALICIA. 98

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The Roman province of Gallæcia was occupied by the Vandals when the so-called barbarian tribes invaded the Iberian peninsula.  The Chronicon of Bishop Idatius records that “Alani et Wandali et Suevi” entered Spain in 409, adding in a later passage that the Vandals occupied Galicia, the Suevi “sitam in extremitate Oceani maris occidua”, and the Alans “Lusitaniam et Carthaginensem provincias”, in 411[1].  The Vandals' need for territory increased as they absorbed local populations.  They first attacked the neighbouring areas around Orense held by the Suevi, but eventually directed their attention to the south of Spain[2].  Their control over the southern coastline enabled the Vandals to migrate en masse into North Africa in 429, although what triggered this migration is not known with certainty.  Gregory of Tours refers to "the Suebi, also called the Alamanni" when recording their capture of Galicia[3].  After ruling the north-west corner of Spain for nearly two centuries, the Suevi territory was annexed by the Visigoths in 585.  The chronicle of Juan de Biclaro records that Leovigildo King of the Visigoths conquered the Suevi in the north-western part of the peninsula, deposing King Audica in 585, and suppressed the revolt of Malaricus who attempted to assume control of Galicia[4]

 

Following the Moorish invasion of Spain, the Akhbar al-Majmua records that "Okba ben Al-Hachaeh" [Uqba bin al-Hajaj al-Saluli, governor of Muslim Spain from [728]] subjugated Galicia[5].  Alfonso I King of Asturias took advantage of instability in the Muslim Government of al-Andalus following the Berber rebellion of 741, and of a severe famine in 750, to expand the area of Christian settlements to the north of the Duero river.  The list of the towns he conquered is set out in the Chronicle of Alfonso III and includes Lugo and Tuy in Galicia[6].  The Chronicle of Alfonso III states that King Fruela I, son and successor of King Alfonso I, "won many victories", including against the Cordobans at Pontubio in Galicia, and that he "overcame the peoples of Galicia who were rebelling against him and violently laid waste the entire province"[7]

 

References to condes in Galicia in the mid-9th century suggest that the territory had by that time acquired a certain degree of autonomy from the kingdom of Asturias.  The Chronicon Albeldense records that Ordoño I King of Asturias populated “Tude et Amagia”, and in the same paragraph records the arrival of "Lordomani" [Norsemen] “in Gallæciæ maritimis” who were killed "a Petro comite", probably dated to [850/60][8].  The accession of King Alfonso III was challenged in 866 by Fruela Vermúdez, conde in Galicia: the Cronica de Sampiro , as reproduced in the Historia Silense, records the succession of "Adefonsus filius Ordonii" aged 14, the challenge by “filius...Froyla Lemundi ex partibus Gallecie”, King Alfonso´s exile “in partibus Alauensium”, and the death of “ipse...Froyla” killed “a senatu Outensi[9].  By 880, all of Galicia and the northern third of Portugal were under the control of King Alfonso III, but charters continue to record confiscation of lands which followed various rebellions in Galicia.  After the death in 910 of Alfonso III, his territories were divided between his sons, of whom Ordoño ruled Galicia.  When Ordoño succeeded his older brother in Asturias in 914, it appears that Galicia was reincorporated into the main kingdom: the Cronica de Sampiro, as reproduced in the Historia Silense, records that he came "ex partibus Gallecie" on his accession, implying that he had been ruler in Galicia, presumably from the death of his father[10]

 

The difficulties associated with family reconstruction of the Christian nobility in the Iberian peninsula during the early medieval period are discussed in the Introduction to the document ASTURIAS, LEÓN NOBILITY. 

 

An attempt has been made in the current version of this document to categorise the noble families by geographical area.  It is relatively straight-forward to identity the place from which the families originated.  However, with the multiplicity of land grants, the centre of activity of a family, or of different branches of the same family, frequently changed.  There is inevitably, therefore, a degree of inaccuracy in such categorisation. 

 

The citations marked “Regestalia” in the end-notes are taken from extracts of cartularies between 711 and 1065, translated into Spanish, which appeared on the website “Proyecto Regestalia” presented by the Universidad de Alcalá[11].  This source did not include the names of subscribers to the charters in question.  Unfortunately this data collection no longer appears to be available on-line[12]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    GALICIA NOBILITY 9th/early 10th CENTURY

 

 

1.         PEDRO (-before 866).  Conde.  The Chronicon Albeldense records that Ordoño I King of Asturias populated “Tude et Amagia”, and in the same paragraph the arrival of "Lordomani" [Norsemen] “in Gallæciæ maritimis” who were killed "a Petro comite", probably dated to [850/60][13]

 

 

1.         VERMUDOm ---.  Vermudo & his wife had one child: 

a)         FRUELA Vermúdez (-killed [866/67]).  CondeThe Cronica de Sampiro , as reproduced in the Historia Silense, records the succession of "Adefonsus filius Ordonii" [Alfonso III King of Asturias, dated to 866] aged 14, the challenge by “filius...Froyla Lemundi ex partibus Gallecie”, King Alfonso´s exile “in partibus Alauensium”, and the death of “ipse...Froyla” killed “a senatu Outensi[14].  The Chronicon Albeldense records the rebellion of “Froilane, Galliciæ comite” in the first year of Alfonso´s reign, the king´s exile in Castile, and his return after Fruela was killed[15]

 

 

1.         PELAYO (-[after 7 May 899]).  Conde"…Pelagius comes, Froila comes, Lucidius comes, Erus Fredernandi, Ascarius, Petrus, Munio Muniz comes, Osorio comes, Gundesaluus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 899 under which Alfonso III King of Asturias consecrated the church of Santiago de Compostela[16].  Conde [de Braganza].  The Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition), after quoting Papal correspondence relating to Santiago de Compostela, records a council held in Oviedo dated 7 May 899 in the presence of all the bishops and “Alvarus Lunensis comes, Veremundus Legionensis comes, Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes, Veremundus Torrensis comes, Berotus in Deza comes, Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes, Arias filius eius Eminio comes, Pelagius Breganciæ comes, Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes, Silus Prucii comes, Erus in Lugo comes[17].  The territorial attributions are atypical of contemporary documentation which suggests that the charter is spurious.  However, many of the names are recognizable as noblemen who are recorded at that time in other documents.  “...Pelagius Breganciæ comes...” has not otherwise been identified. 

 

 

1.         HERMENEGILDO Pérez (-after Jun 886).  [Mayordomo of Alfonso III King of Asturias, Galicia and León 25 Sep 883[18]: "…Ermegildus maiordomus…" subscribed the charter dated 25 Sep 883 under which "Adefonsus rex et Exemena regina" donated property to the church of Coimbra[19].  This entry could refer either to Hermenegildo Pérez or to Hermenegildo Gutiérrez.  Torres suggests that Hermenegildo Gutiérrez was charged by Alfonso III King of León with the repopulation of Coimbra[20].  However, the identification of the colonist of Coimbra presumably depends on the correct identification of the subscriber of the charter dated 25 Sep 883.]  "Adefonsus rex et Exemena regina" donated property near Lanzada which had belonged to "Hermegildus filius Petri et uxor sua Yberia", who had rebelled against the king, to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 24 Jun 886, subscribed by "Exemena regina, Garsea, Hordonius, Froila"[21]m IBERIA, daughter of ---.  "Adefonsus rex et Exemena regina" donated property near Lanzada which had belonged to "Hermegildus filius Petri et uxor sua Yberia", who had rebelled against the king, to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 24 Jun 886, subscribed by "Exemena regina, Garsea, Hordonius, Froila"[22]

 

 

1.         FRUELA (-after 6 May 899).  Conde"…Pelagius comes, Froila comes, Lucidius comes, Erus Fredernandi, Ascarius, Petrus, Munio Muniz comes, Osorio comes, Gundesaluus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 899 under which Alfonso III King of Asturias consecrated the church of Santiago de Compostela[23]

 

 

1.         SARRACINO (-[after 30 Jan 915]).  "…Ermegildus, Sarracenus…" subscribed the charter dated 24 Jun 886 under which Alfonso III King of Asturias donated “salinas...ibi habuerunt Hermegildus filius Petri et uxor sua Yberia...rebellionis...Arias” to Santiago de Compostela[24]Conde [de Astorga y Bierzo].  The Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition), after quoting Papal correspondence relating to Santiago de Compostela, records a council held in Oviedo dated 7 May 899 in the presence of all the bishops and “Alvarus Lunensis comes, Veremundus Legionensis comes, Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes, Veremundus Torrensis comes, Berotus in Deza comes, Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes, Arias filius eius Eminio comes, Pelagius Breganciæ comes, Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes, Silus Prucii comes, Erus in Lugo comes[25].  The territorial attributions are atypical of contemporary documentation which suggests that the charter is spurious.  However, many of the names are recognizable as noblemen who are recorded at that time in other documents.  “...Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes...” has not otherwise been identified.  "…Lucidus, Nunus, Didacus, Munius, Sarracenus...Oduarius, Froila, Vimara, Auriolus…" subscribed the charter dated 30 Jan 915 under which Ordoño II King of León donated “villiam...Cornelianam territorio Gallecie” to Santiago de Compostela[26]same person as...?  SARRACINO Núñez (-after 15 Mar 930).  King Alfonso IV donated “senra...in ueica de Stola” to the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián by charter dated 15 Mar 930, confirmed by “...Titon Lucidi, Guttiher Menendiz, Pelagio Tetoni, Sarracenus Nunnizzi, Didaco Romanizzi...Guttiher Osoriz[27]

 

 

1.         SILO (-[after 7 May 899]).  Conde [de Prucio].  The Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition), after quoting Papal correspondence relating to Santiago de Compostela, records a council held in Oviedo dated 7 May 899 in the presence of all the bishops and “Alvarus Lunensis comes, Veremundus Legionensis comes, Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes, Veremundus Torrensis comes, Berotus in Deza comes, Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes, Arias filius eius Eminio comes, Pelagius Breganciæ comes, Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes, Silus Prucii comes, Erus in Lugo comes[28].  The territorial attributions are atypical of contemporary documentation which suggests that the charter is spurious.  However, many of the names are recognizable as noblemen who are recorded at that time in other documents.  “...Silus Prucii comes...” has not otherwise been identified.  m ---.  The name of Silo´s wife is not known.  Silo & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARMENTARIO Sílez (-after 24 Sep 926).  "…Lucidus Uimarani, Gutherre Menendiz, Gutherre Osoriz, Armentarius Siloni…" subscribed the charter dated 20 Jan 917 under which Ordoño II King of León donated “villis in territorio Gallecie...Cella Paruio et Paiaragio” to Santiago de Compostela[29].  "…Armentarius, Pelagius, Aloitus" subscribed the charter dated 18 Dec 922 under which King Ordoño II donated the monastery of San Pedro de Triacastela to Santiago de Compostela[30].  “Munio, Eldontia, Erus Fredenandi, Gundesindus Didaci, Armentarium Siloni” confirmed the charter dated 24 Sep 926 under which “Gunterigus” granted dower to “sponse mee Gunterode[31].  Armentario & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [VISTRARIO Armentárez .  “...Vistrarius Armentarius...” confirmed the charter dated 18 Mar [949] under which King Ramiro II donated “tres deganeas...Tredones...Sorica et Uanate” to Celanova[32].] 

 

 

1.         SALAMIRO ---.  m ---.  The name of Salamiro´s wife is not known.  [She may have been Guduildi [Nuñina], daughter of Atane --- & his wife Ermesenda --- (-after 2 Mar 905): "Guduildi cognomento Nunina...cum filiis meis et meo marito...Salamiro" sold “quintam nostram portionem in pumare quod habeo de patre meo Atane et de matre mea Ermesenda...in villa...Mundini, exitum montis Mauromonte” to “Suniemiro et Leouildo” by charter dated 2 Mar 905[33].  The chronology is favorable for this co-identity and the reference to “Mauromonte” (referred to in the charter of Señorina dated 18 Oct 942, see below) suggests a connection.  However, during the same period the Sobrado cartulary names other individuals “Salamiro” who cannot otherwise be connected with the father of Gundesindo.]  Salamiro & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUNDESINDO Salamírez (-before 18 Oct 942).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Oct 942 under which [his wife] "Seniorina" donated “hereditate tam mea quam et de meo marito...Gundesindo...in territorio Loureta subtus Mauramorta...de parte de sogro meo Salamiro et patre de meo marito Gundesindo” to “domnis nostris Hermegildus et Paterna[34]m SEÑORINA [Senior], daughter of --- (-after 18 Oct 942).  "Seniorina" donated “hereditate tam mea quam et de meo marito...Gundesindo...in territorio Loureta subtus Mauramorta...de parte de sogro meo Salamiro et patre de meo marito Gundesindo” to “domnis nostris Hermegildus et Paterna” by charter dated 18 Oct 942[35].  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 17 Sep 1016 under which "Munius Nuniz et uxor mea Sanctia Roderici simul Nepocianus confessus et Hermesinda deouota" donated “villa Sancta Leocadia”, obtained from “domna Exemena cum germana sua domna Paterna de susceptione parentum suorum Gundesindus et Senior”, to “Guttier diaconus et Munie prolix Munione confesse” at Sobrado[36].  Gundesindo & his wife had two children: 

i)          JIMENA Gundesíndez .  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 17 Sep 1016 under which "Munius Nuniz et uxor mea Sanctia Roderici simul Nepocianus confessus et Hermesinda deouota" donated “villa Sancta Leocadia”, obtained from “domna Exemena cum germana sua domna Paterna de susceptione parentum suorum Gundesindus et Senior”, to “Guttier diaconus et Munie prolix Munione confesse” at Sobrado[37].  She acquired property jointly with her husband from 916 until the 950s[38]

ii)         PATERNA Gundesíndez (-after 9 Oct 952).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 17 Sep 1016 under which "Munius Nuniz et uxor mea Sanctia Roderici simul Nepocianus confessus et Hermesinda deouota" donated “villa Sancta Leocadia”, obtained from “domna Exemena cum germana sua domna Paterna de susceptione parentum suorum Gundesindus et Senior”, to “Guttier diaconus et Munie prolix Munione confesse” at Sobrado[39].  She acquired property jointly with her husband from 916 until the 950s[40].  "Donadeo et uxor mea Tidina" donated property "in villa…Codegio" to "Hermegildo et uxori vestre Paterne" by charter dated 7 Jul 931[41].  “Asterigo et uxor mea Leouegoto” donated property to “domno Ermegildo et domna Paterna” by charter dated 30 Jul 939[42].  "Hermegildus et Paterna" founded the monastery of Sobrado by charter dated 9 Oct 952, subscribed by "Rudericus Menendiz…"[43]m (before 916) HERMENEGILDO [Menendo] Aloítez, son of ALOITO Gutiérrez & his wife Argilo --- (-[23 Oct 964/970]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    FAMILY of HERMENEGILDO GONZÁLEZ

 

 

This family, based in Galicia, achieved an almost unrivalled level of importance in the kingdom of Léon, shown by the fact that between 922 and 1015 no less than four of the kings of León, Ordoño II, Ordoño III, Vermudo II and Alfonso V, married, or had amorous relationships with, members of the family.  Gonzalo Menéndez was a particularly powerful noble during the reign of King Ramiro II, one of the few monarchs with whom the family had no matrimonial connection and with whom Gonzalo came into conflict over the issue of the Viking invasions of Galicia.  Gonzalo was created conde by King Vermudo II and was appointed governor of the county of Braga.  He was succeeded by his son Menendo who was the tutor of the young king Alfonso V and, later in life, achieved a level of importance reflected in his being named in contemporary documentation as dux de Galicia.  His son Ramiro settled in Portugal, but his descendants do not seem to have enjoyed the same status as their more illustrious ancestors. 

 

 

ALFONSO "Betote", son of --- (-[after 7 May 899]).  “Maurus...episcopus” [of León] donated "ecclesias...inter Hyube et Masema..." to "Betotti" by charter dated to [878/904][44]Conde [de Deza].  The Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition), after quoting Papal correspondence relating to Santiago de Compostela, records a council held in Oviedo dated 7 May 899 in the presence of all the bishops and “Alvarus Lunensis comes, Veremundus Legionensis comes, Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes, Veremundus Torrensis comes, Berotus in Deza comes, Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes, Arias filius eius Eminio comes, Pelagius Breganciæ comes, Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes, Silus Prucii comes, Erus in Lugo comes[45].  The territorial attributions are atypical of contemporary documentation which suggests that the charter is spurious.  However, many of the names are recognizable as noblemen who are recorded at that time in other documents.  “...Berotus in Deza comes...” presumably refers to Alfonso “Betote”.  He carried out the repopulation of Minho inferior during the reign of Alfonso III King of León[46]

m ---.  The name of Alfonso's wife is not known. 

Alfonso & his wife had six children: 

1.         GONZALO Betótiz (-after 936).  Conde.  "…Pelagius comes, Froila comes, Lucidius comes, Erus Fredernandi, Ascarius, Petrus, Munio Muniz comes, Osorio comes, Gundesaluus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 899 under which Alfonso III King of Asturias consecrated the church of Santiago de Compostela[47].  "…Nunus Guter, Lucidus Vimarine, Didacus Federnandici, Gundisaluus Betonice...Gundisaluus, Guincaluus Ferdinandiz, Federnandus Ansuriz, Gudesteus…" subscribed the charter dated to [922] which records an agreement between the bishops of Lugo and Santiago “pro commissos Prucios et Visancos[48].  "…Didacus Crenandiz, Gundisaluus Bettotiz, Guter Menendez comes, Gutier Osoriiz, Theudericus Lucidi, Tellus Bettotiz, Menendus Menendez, Scemenus Didaci, Sisandus Didaci" subscribed the charter dated 17 Sep 924 under which King Fruela II donated “conmisso de Montanos” to Santiago de Compostela[49]"Sancius...rex" donated “Bustum...latere montis Luanie...Varganum” to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 25 Aug 927, subscribed by “Gundisaluus Betoniz, Gundesindus Eroni, Gundulfus Odori, Spasandus, Froila Menendiz, Guther Osoriz, Ordonius, Nunius Osorici, Arias Alvitiz, Cresconius[50].  “Gundesaluus, Tarasia...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[51].  Yepes refers to the foundation of the monastery of San Lorenzo de Cargueiro in Galicia by “el conde don Gonçalo y...la condesa doña Teresa” by charter dated 936 but he does not cite the primary source[52]m TERESA Eriz, daughter of ERO Fernández & his [first/second] wife [Adosinda ---/Elvira ---](-after 936).  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated to [956] which records the settlement of property disputes relating to “el territorio de Salnés” and names “domno Gundisalbus dux comite et…comitesa domna Tarasia…comite domno Pelagio prolis Gundisalbizi et illa regina domna Aragonta sororem suam…comitessa domna Elduara[53].  “Gundesaluus, Tarasia...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[54].  Yepes refers to the foundation of the monastery of San Lorenzo de Carboeiro in Galicia by “el conde don Gonçalo y...la condesa doña Teresa” by charter dated 936 but he does not cite the primary source[55].  Gonzalo & his wife had five children: 

a)         PELAYO González (-959).  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Pelagio Gundesalviz…"[56].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Pelagius Gundisalviz…"[57].  "Pelagius Tetoniz, Pelagus Gundisaluiz, Aluitus Potenci, Quintila Argemundiz, Guntinus Gemundiz, Gundesindis, Iquilaniz, Spodenirus Vimaredi..." subscribed the charter dated 7 Aug 947 under which “Letimius presbiter” donated the church of Santa María de Paradela to Santiago de Compostela[58].  “...Pelagio Gundesalviz...” confirmed the charter dated 15 May 951 under which King Ordoño III donated "villa de Matella" to Sahagún[59]Conde.  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated to [956] which records the settlement of property disputes relating to “el territorio de Salnés” and names “domno Gundisalbus dux comite et…comitesa domna Tarasia…comite domno Pelagio prolis Gundisalbizi et illa regina domna Aragonta sororem suam…comitessa domna Elduara[60].  “...Pelagius Gundesalbiz...” confirmed the charter dated 5 May 956 under which King Ordoño III donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Fonte de Febro, “uilla nostro Peso” exchnged for “uilla...Lionia” with “Fortes Iustiz[61]m ERMESINDA Gutiérrez, daughter of GUTIERRE Menéndez & his wife Ilduara Eriz.  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[62].  “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde” by charter dated 11 Mar 934[63].  “…Pelagius Gundisalui…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[64], which suggests that his wife had died before this date.  Pelayo & his wife had [eight] children: 

i)          FRUELA Peláez (-after 973).  “Froylanem” donated “villa...Sancto Tyrso territorio Ceruanie” to Celanova by charter dated 973, subscribed by “...Froylani prolis Adefonsi regis, Hermegildus Pelaiz frater eius, Arias prolis Pelagi et diaconum eiusque frater, Gunterodis Deo uota eiusque soror, Velascus Ostofrediz, Aragonti Deo uota eiusdem, Tarasia Deo uota sororis eius...[65]

ii)         HERMENEGILDO Peláez (-after 973).  “Froylanem” donated “villa...Sancto Tyrso territorio Ceruanie” to Celanova by charter dated 973, subscribed by “...Froylani prolis Adefonsi regis, Hermegildus Pelaiz frater eius, Arias prolis Pelagi et diaconum eiusque frater, Gunterodis Deo uota eiusque soror, Velascus Ostofrediz, Aragonti Deo uota eiusdem, Tarasia Deo uota sororis eius...[66]

iii)        ARIAS Peláez (-after 973).  “Froylanem” donated “villa...Sancto Tyrso territorio Ceruanie” to Celanova by charter dated 973, subscribed by “...Froylani prolis Adefonsi regis, Hermegildus Pelaiz frater eius, Arias prolis Pelagi et diaconum eiusque frater, Gunterodis Deo uota eiusque soror, Velascus Ostofrediz, Aragonti Deo uota eiusdem, Tarasia Deo uota sororis eius...[67].  Bishop of Mondoñedo, until 982.  

iv)       ILDUARA Peláez (-before 982).  "Aldreto Olidiz…vigario de domna Elduara prolix Pelagii Gundisaluiz" sold property "in ripa de Arcus" by charter dated 18 Dec 961[68].  "Adosinda prolix Guttier et Ilduare" granted "villas…Moraria et Castineira" to "Gunsalbo Menendiz et uxor tue Ilduare", naming "viro meo dive memorie Ranimirus Menendi", by charter dated 17 Oct 964, subscribed by "Didacus Menendi, Arias Menendi…"[69]m as his first wife, GONZALO Menéndez Conde in Galicia, son of conde HERMENEGILDO González & his wife Muniadomna Díaz (-killed in battle 997). 

v)        GONTRODA Peláez (-after “Froylanem” donated “villa...Sancto Tyrso territorio Ceruanie” to Celanova by charter dated 973, subscribed by “...Froylani prolis Adefonsi regis, Hermegildus Pelaiz frater eius, Arias prolis Pelagi et diaconum eiusque frater, Gunterodis Deo uota eiusque soror, Velascus Ostofrediz, Aragonti Deo uota eiusdem, Tarasia Deo uota sororis eius...[70]

vi)       ARAGONTA Peláez (-after 973).  “Froylanem” donated “villa...Sancto Tyrso territorio Ceruanie” to Celanova by charter dated 973, subscribed by “...Froylani prolis Adefonsi regis, Hermegildus Pelaiz frater eius, Arias prolis Pelagi et diaconum eiusque frater, Gunterodis Deo uota eiusque soror, Velascus Ostofrediz, Aragonti Deo uota eiusdem, Tarasia Deo uota sororis eius...[71]

vii)      TERESA Peláez (-after 973).  “Froylanem” donated “villa...Sancto Tyrso territorio Ceruanie” to Celanova by charter dated 973, subscribed by “...Froylani prolis Adefonsi regis, Hermegildus Pelaiz frater eius, Arias prolis Pelagi et diaconum eiusque frater, Gunterodis Deo uota eiusque soror, Velascus Ostofrediz, Aragonti Deo uota eiusdem, Tarasia Deo uota sororis eius...[72]same person as...? TERESA (-after 29 Jun 997).  King Vermudo II donated property “ad Septentrione plaga, per latus, montis Villara...”, defined in relation to “termino de Papelli...Bacarii, quam inter uxor meus Froylani Regis filius...ad fratrem Recaredus anacoreta...testauit amica nostra domina Teresia...quod fuit de amica nostra regina domina Geluira a diue memorie”, to the monastery of San Vicente de Pombeiro by charter dated 29 Jun 997, confirmed by “Ordonius filius Regis, Adefonsus Parbulus filius Regis...Geluira Regina...Froyla Gumsalbiz, Bestario Bimarace, Teresia Deo dicata, Froyla Menendici, Arias Fernandici...[73].  Pérez de Urbel identifies “amica [amita] nostra domina Teresia” (presumably the same person who subscribed the charter “Teresia Deo dicata”) as the third sister Teresa who is named in the 973 charter[74].  

viii)     [daughter (-after [955])Pérez de Urbel suggests that one of the daughters of Pelayo González was the mistress of Ordoño III King of León and the mother of King Vermudo II[75].  He bases his argument on three charters.  Firstly, King Vermudo donated property to the monastery of San Lorenzo de Carbonario, for the souls of “abii mei divæ memoriæ comes dominus Gundisalbus...et...uxori...coniuncta comitissa domina Tarasia”, by charter dated 5 Jan 999[76].  The couple “comes dominus Gundisalbus...et...uxori...coniuncta comitissa domina Tarasia” are identified as Conde Gonzalo Betótiz and his wife Teresa Eriz, who lived in the late 9th/early 10th century and the birth of whose children is estimated to the early part of the 10th century (see above).  Yepes noted the couple as founders of San Lorenzo de Carboeiro by charter dated 936, although he does not cite the primary source[77].  The chronology of Conde Gonzalo indicates that “abii” cannot in this document be interpreted in its strict sense of grandparents.  However, if the word indicates more remote ancestry, it would be chronologically possible for King Vermudo´s mother to have been the granddaughter of Conde Gonzalo.  Secondly, Pérez de Urbel cites the 973 charter quoted above which names the three sisters Gontroda, Aragonta and Teresa, all three nuns at that date.  Thirdly, he discusses the charter dated 29 Jun 997 under which King Vermudo II donated property “ad Septentrione plaga, per latus, montis Villara...” to the monastery of San Vicente de Pombeiro, and confirmed donations made by “...amica [amita?] nostra domina Teresia...”, the document being subscribed by “...Teresia Deo dicata...[78].  He suggests that “Tarasia Deo uota” in the 973 charter was the same person as “[amita] nostra...Teresa...Teresia Deo dicata” in the 29 Jun 997 charter.  In light of these three documents, Pérez de Urbel suggests that King Vermudo´s mother was a daughter of Pelayo González and his wife Ermesinda Gutiérrez.  Her possible name ELVIRA is suggested by an interpolation in the Cronica de Sampiro, as reproduced in the España Sagrada edition of the Chronicon, which records that “Rex Ordonius” abandoned (“reliquit”) his wife “Urracam filiam...comitis Fredinandi” and married “aliam…uxorem…Geloiram” by whom he had “Veremundum Regem, qui podagricus [“with gout”] fuit[79].  The issues connected with this passage are discussed in detail in the document ASTURIAS, LEÓN KINGS.  It is also possible that King Vermudo´s mother was either Gontroda or Aragonta, named above as Pelayo´s daughters, either of whom may have become nuns after his birth, or that she was a different otherwise unrecorded daughter who may have died soon after Vermudo´s birth and therefore left no trace in the surviving documentation.  It should be noted that other arguments have been advanced in favour of the legitimacy of King Vermudo who, in that case, would have been born to his father´s known wife Urraca Fernández (see ASTURIAS, LEÓN KINGS).  If that is correct, this suggested daughter of Pelayo González would probably not have existed at all.  Mistress of ORDOÑO III King of León, son of RAMIRO II King of León & his first wife Adosinda Gutiérrez ([926]-[30 Aug/13 Nov] 956).] 

b)         HERMENEGILDO González (-950)Conde

-        see below

c)         ARAGONTA González (-956).  The Cronica de Sampiro, as reproduced in the Historia Silense, records the second marriage of "rex…Ordonius" and "uxorem ex partibus Gallicie nomine Agaruntum" who was repudiated by the king[80].  “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis”, by charter dated 20 Nov 929, affirmed after her death by “Arianem episcopo” who calls the donor “tie nostre…domne Aragonti regine[81].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated to [956] which records the settlement of property disputes relating to “el territorio de Salnés” and names “domno Gundisalbus dux comite et…comitesa domna Tarasia…comite domno Pelagio prolis Gundisalbizi et illa regina domna Aragonta sororem suam…comitessa domna Elduara[82]m (Feb 922, divorced 922) as his [second/third] wife, ORDOÑO II King of León, son of ALFONSO III "el Magno" King of Asturias, Galicia and León & his wife Jimena Garcés de Pamplona ([873]-Jan 924). 

d)         IBERIA González (-after 20 Nov 929).  “...Pelagius Tetoniz...Ibera Gundesaluiz...Gunterode Gundesaluiz...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[83]m her first cousin, PELAYO Tetóniz, son of TETÓN Betótiz & his wife --- (-after 951). 

e)         GONTRODO González (-after 20 Nov 929).  “...Pelagius Tetoniz...Ibera Gundesaluiz...Gunterode Gundesaluiz...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[84]

2.         TETÓN Betótiz .  All the information about Tetón Betótiz, his descendants and younger siblings, which is shown below is set out in Mattoso[85]m ---.  The name of Tetón's wife is not known.  Tetón & his wife had three children: 

a)         PELAYO Tetóniz (-after 951).  “...Pelagius Tetoniz...Ibera Gundesaluiz...Gunterode Gundesaluiz...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[86].  King Alfonso IV donated “senra...in ueica de Stola” to the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián by charter dated 15 Mar 930, confirmed by “...Titon Lucidi, Guttiher Menendiz, Pelagio Tetoni, Sarracenus Nunnizzi, Didaco Romanizzi...Guttiher Osoriz[87]"Pelagio Tedoniz, Sarracino Nuniz, Hermegildo Gunzaluiz…Menendo Mendiz, Osorius Gutierriz, Rodorigo Tedoniz…" subscribed the charter dated 4 Mar 933 under which "Ranemirus…rex" [Ramiro II King of Leon] donated property[88].  “…Pelagius Teoderici comes et dux…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[89].  "Pelagius Tetoniz, Pelagus Gundisaluiz, Aluitus Potenci, Quintila Argemundiz, Guntinus Gemundiz, Gundesindis, Iquilaniz, Spodenirus Vimaredi..." subscribed the charter dated 7 Aug 947 under which “Letimius presbiter” donated the church of Santa María de Paradela to Santiago de Compostela[90]m his first cousin, IBERIA González, daughter of GONZALO Betótiz & his wife Teresa Eriz (-after 20 Nov 929).  “...Pelagius Tetoniz...Ibera Gundesaluiz...Gunterode Gundesaluiz...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[91].  Pelayo & his wife had two children: 

i)          FLAMULA Peláez (-after 4 Dec 968).  "Flamula prolis Pelagia et Iberia" sold "villa de Comité…et…villa…Quintanella" to Vimieiro monastery by charter dated 26 Mar 953[92].  "Gundisalvo Memendiz, Rudesindus Roderici…Honneca Menendi filia, Flamula Pelagii filia, Uelasquita Pelagii filii" subscribed the charter dated 4 Dec 968 of "Mummadomna…castellum…sanctum Mames"[93]

ii)         VELAZQUITA Peláez (-after 4 Dec 968).  "Gundisalvo Memendiz, Rudesindus Roderici…Honneca Menendi filia, Flamula Pelagii filia, Uelasquita Pelagii filii" subscribed the charter dated 4 Dec 968 of "Mummadomna…castellum…sanctum Mames"[94]

b)         RODRIGO Tetóniz (-after [939]).  "Pelagio Tedoniz, Sarracino Nuniz, Hermegildo Gunzaluiz…Menendo Mendiz, Osorius Gutierriz, Rodorigo Tedoniz…" subscribed the charter dated 4 Mar 933 under which "Ranemirus…rex" [Ramiro II King of Leon] donated property[95]m LEODEGUNDIA Díaz, daughter of DIEGO Fernández & his wife Oneca --- (-before 960).  "Honecca…cum filiis meis Munna, Ledegundia, Exemenus et Mummadonna" donated property to the monastery of Lorvão by charter dated 5 Dec 928, subscribed by "Honneca, Munnia, Ledegundia, Exemenus Didaz, Mummadomna, Aloytus Lucidi, Roderigus Tedoniz, Ermegildus Gundisaluiz, Gundesindus Didaz…"[96].  The order of the names of the subscribers suggests that the husbands of the donor´s daughters follow their wives, in order.  Rodrigo & his wife had three children: 

i)          RAMIRO (-after 13 Jul 960).  "Flamula deovota filia Ruderici et Leodegundie", on her deathbed, donated property of "tie sue Godo Eroni Gontemiri" to Vimeiro monastery and "tie sue Mummadona deovota" by charter dated 13 Jul 960, which names "germano nostro domno Ranemiro…avios nostros Didaco Fredenandiz et coniuge eius Onnice…meo iermano domno Didaco"[97]

ii)         DIEGO Rodríguez (-after 13 Jul 960).  "Flamula deovota filia Ruderici et Leodegundie", on her deathbed, donated property of "tie sue Godo Eroni Gontemiri" to Vimeiro monastery and "tie sue Mummadona deovota" by charter dated 13 Jul 960, which names "germano nostro domno Ranemiro…avios nostros Didaco Fredenandiz et coniuge eius Onnice…meo iermano domno Didaco"[98]

iii)        FLAMULA Rodríguez (-after 13 Jul 960).  "Flamula deovota filia Ruderici et Leodegundie", on her deathbed, donated property of "tie sue Godo Eroni Gontemiri" to Vimeiro monastery and "tie sue Mummadona deovota" by charter dated 13 Jul 960, which names "germano nostro domno Ranemiro…avios nostros Didaco Fredenandiz et coniuge eius Onnice…meo iermano domno Didaco"[99]

c)         OLIDE Tetóniz (-after 1 Jun 946).  "Oliti Tetoni…sponssa mea Adosinda filia Gormiri" donated property by charter dated 1 Jun 946[100]m ADOSINDA Gormiri, daughter of GORMIR & his wife --- (-after 1 Jun 946).  "Oliti Tetoni…sponssa mea Adosinda filia Gormiri" donated property by charter dated 1 Jun 946[101]

3.         TELLO Betótiz .  "…Didacus Crenandiz, Gundisaluus Bettotiz, Guter Menendez comes, Gutier Osoriiz, Theudericus Lucidi, Tellus Bettotiz, Menendus Menendez, Scemenus Didaci, Sisandus Didaci" subscribed the charter dated 17 Sep 924 under which King Fruela II donated “conmisso de Montanos” to Santiago de Compostela[102]m ---.  The name of Tello's wife is not known.  Tello & his wife had one child:

a)         DIEGO Téllez

4.         TEODO Betótiz

5.         ARAGONTA Betótiz .  “...Aragonti Bettotiz...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[103]

6.         --- Betótizm ---.  One child: 

a)         VERMUDO Pépez .  According to Mattoso, this person was either the son or grandson of one of the children of Alfonso "Betote"[104].   m GUNTRODA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 20 Jun 959 records that "domne Gunterodi" donated "villa…Fano", for the benefit of "Veremudus Pepiz vir suus", and exchanged with "Didaco prolis Menendi" who "cum coniugi mee Ildoncie" made another donation[105].  Vermudo & his wife had one child: 

i)          PELAYO Vermúdezm ---.  The name of Pelayo's wife is not known.  Pelayo & his wife had two children:

(a)       BALTEIRO Peláyez (-after 985). 

(b)       GODO Peláyezm ---.  The name of Godo's wife is not known.  Godo & his wife had one possible child:

(1)       [PELAYO Gódez].  m ---.  The name of Pelayo's wife is not known.  Pelayo & his wife had one child:

a.         GOINA Peláyezm SOEIRO Galindes, Senhor de Riba Cávado.  According to Fernandes[106], he was the father of Nuno Soares "Velho" who was the ancestor of the Velho family. 

 

 

HERMENEGILDO González, son of GONZALO Betótiz & his wife Teresa Eriz (-950 or before).  "Ranemirus" [brother of Alfonso IV King of Leon] granted "villa…Crexemir" {Creixomil} to "Ermegildus et Mummadomna" by charter dated 22 Feb 926, witnessed by "Aloitus Lucidi, Fredenandus Ouecoz, Fredenandus Alderotiz, Lucidus Aloitis, Froila Gundesindi…"[107].  "Pelagio Tedoniz, Sarracino Nuniz, Hermegildo Gunzaluiz…Menendo Mendiz, Osorius Gutierriz, Rodorigo Tedoniz…" subscribed the charter dated 4 Mar 933 under which "Ranemirus…rex" [Ramiro II King of Leon] donated property[108]Conde

m (before 926) MUNIADOMNA Díaz, daughter of DIEGO Fernández, conde in Limia & his wife Oneca --- (-after 4 Dec 968).  "Ranemirus" [brother of Alfonso IV King of Leon] granted "villa…Crexemir" {Creixomil} to "Ermegildus et Mummadomna" by charter dated 22 Feb 926[109].  "Honecca…cum filiis meis Munna, Ledegundia, Exemenus et Mummadonna" donated property to the monastery of Lorvão by charter dated 5 Dec 928, subscribed by "Honneca, Munnia, Ledegundia, Exemenus Didaz, Mummadomna, Aloytus Lucidi, Roderigus Tedoniz, Ermegildus Gundisaluiz, Gundesindus Didaz…"[110].  The order of the names of the subscribers suggests that the husbands of the donor´s daughters follow their wives, in order.  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[111].  ["Ranemirus…princeps" [Ramiro II King of Leon] granted "villa nostra propria Mellares" to "Mummadomna" the charter dated 18 May 952 (must be redated to before 950), subscribed by "…Ueremundus rex, Aloito Lucidi…Lucidus Aloitiz…"[112].  The anachronistic reference to "Ueremundus rex" suggests that the document is spurious.]  "Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", together with "liberos…amborum…Gundisalbus Didacus Ranimirus, Nunus Arriane et Onecce", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery by charter dated 26 Jan 959, which also names "Gutier Roderici cum coniuge nate mee Onecce…germanus noster domnus Exemenus"[113].  She founded the monastery of Guimarães in Portugal[114].  "Mummadomna…castellum…sanctum Mames" issued a charter dated 4 Dec 968 subscribed by "Gundisalvo Memendiz, Rudesindus Roderici…Honneca Menendi filia, Flamula Pelagii filia, Uelasquita Pelagii filii"[115]

Hermenegildo González & his wife had six children:

1.         GONZALO Menéndez (-before 997).  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[116]

-        see below

2.         DIEGO Menéndez (-after 17 Oct 964).  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[117].  "Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", together with "liberos…amborum…Gundisalbus Didacus Ranimirus, Nunus Arriane et Onecce", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery by charter dated 26 Jan 959[118].  A charter dated 20 Jun 959 records that "domne Gunterodi" donated "villa…Fano", for the benefit of "Veremudus Pepiz vir suus", and exchanged with "Didaco prolis Menendi" who "cum coniugi mee Ildoncie" made another donation[119].  "Adosinda prolix Guttier et Ilduare" granted "villas…Moraria et Castineira" to "Gunsalbo Menendiz et uxor tue Ilduare", naming "viro meo dive memorie Ranimirus Menendi", by charter dated 17 Oct 964, subscribed by "Didacus Menendi, Arias Menendi…"[120]m ALDONZA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 20 Jun 959 records that "domne Gunterodi" donated "villa…Fano", for the benefit of "Veremudus Pepiz vir suus", and exchanged with "Didaco prolis Menendi" who "cum coniugi mee Ildoncie" made another donation[121].  Diego & his wife had one child: 

a)         MUNIADOMNA Díaz (-[1025]).  "Fratri Daniel" donated property to "domna Mummadomna prolix Didaci et ad fratres et sorores…in cenobio Vimaranes" by charter dated 7 Sep 992[122]Nun at Guimarães. 

3.         RAMIRO Menéndez (-[963/17 Oct 964]).  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[123]"Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", together with "liberos…amborum…Gundisalbus Didacus Ranimirus, Nunus Arriane et Onecce", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery by charter dated 26 Jan 959[124].  "Gundisalbus filii Ermegildi et Mummadomne" donated property "in ripa Arrogio…", held by "frater meus Ranemirus et eius uxor Adosinde", to Vimeiro by charter dated 10 Dec 968[125]m ([962/63]) as her second husband, ADOSINDA Gutiérrez, widow of JIMENO Díaz, daughter of GUTIERRE Menéndez & his wife Ilduara Eriz (-after [981/88]).  "Adosinda prolix Guttier et Ilduare" granted "villas…Moraria et Castineira" to "Gunsalbo Menendiz et uxor tue Ilduare", naming "viro meo dive memorie Ranimirus Menendi", by charter dated 17 Oct 964, subscribed by "Didacus Menendi, Arias Menendi…"[126].  "Gundisalbus filii Ermegildi et Mummadomne" donated property "in ripa Arrogio…", held by "frater meus Ranemirus et eius uxor Adosinde", to Vimeiro by charter dated 10 Dec 968[127].  "Gundisalvus" donated property to Vimeiro, including property shared with "mea cognata Adosinda post decessu germani mei Ranimiri" by charter dated 983[128].  Ramiro & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [VELASQUITA Ramírez (-after 15 Aug 1028).  "Veremudus prolix Ord. Rex, Velasquita uxor ipsius" are named in a charter of Samos dated 11 Oct 981[129].  Velasquida regina” confirmed a charter dated 29 Sep 985 under which King Vermudo II donated property to Celanova[130].  “Velasquita regina” confirmed a charter dated 24 Dec 988 under which King Vermudo II donated property to Celanova[131].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Velasquita" as the first legitimate wife of King Vermudo, specifying that he "divorced while she was living"[132].  Her parentage is not known, nor has any source been identified which specifies her patronymic.  The problem has been discussed in detail by García Álvarez[133].  Various hypotheses have been proposed, which are discussed fully in the document ASTURIAS & LEÓN KINGS.  García Álvarez, on the basis that Velasquita´s father was named Ramiro as indicated by an epitaph in León Cathedral (“Velasquita regina prolis Ranimiri[134]), suggests that she was the daughter of Ramiro Menéndez[135].  However, much of the indications adduced by García Álvarez appear circumstancial.  The other difficulty is why King Vermudo would have married the daughter of a relatively obscure Galician nobleman, who was the third son of his parents.  After her repudiation, she took refuge in Oviedo where she arranged her daughter's marriage with the son of Queen Sancha Gómez, also exiled in Oviedo[136].  Queen Velasquita granted “la villa de Eiras” to “Félix Agelaz” by charter dated 15 Aug 1028[137]m (before 11 Oct 981, repudiated after 24 Dec 988) as his first wife, VERMUDO II "el Gotoso" King of León, [illegitimate] son of ORDOÑO III King of León & [his wife Urraca Fernández de Castilla] or [his mistress --- Peláez] ([953]-El Bierzo Sep 999, bur Villabuena, later transferred to León).] 

b)         ILDONZA RamírezThe primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m GONZALO Vermúdez, son of [VERMUDO Núñez Conde de Cea & his first wife Argilo ---]. 

4.         ONECA Menéndez (-after 4 Dec 968).  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[138]"Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", together with "liberos…amborum…Gundisalbus Didacus Ranimirus, Nunus Arriane et Onecce", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery by charter dated 26 Jan 959, which also names "Gutier Roderici cum coniuge nate mee Onecce"[139].  "Gundisalvo Memendiz, Rudesindus Roderici…Honneca Menendi filia, Flamula Pelagii filia, Uelasquita Pelagii filii" subscribed the charter dated 4 Dec 968 of "Mummadomna…castellum…sanctum Mames"[140]m (before 26 Jan 959) GUTIERRE Rodríguez, son of --- (-after [1014]).  He supported Ordoño IV King of León in the civil war against King Sancho[141]

5.         NUÑO Menéndez (-after 26 Jan 959).  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[142].  "Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", together with "liberos…amborum…Gundisalbus Didacus Ranimirus, Nunus Arriane et Onecce", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery by charter dated 26 Jan 959[143]

6.         ARIAS Menéndez (-after 17 Oct 964).  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[144].  "Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", together with "liberos…amborum…Gundisalbus Didacus Ranimirus, Nunus Arriane et Onecce", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery by charter dated 26 Jan 959[145].  "Adosinda prolix Guttier et Ilduare" granted "villas…Moraria et Castineira" to "Gunsalbo Menendiz et uxor tue Ilduare", naming "viro meo dive memorie Ranimirus Menendi", by charter dated 17 Oct 964, subscribed by "Didacus Menendi, Arias Menendi…"[146]

 

 

GONZALO Menéndez, son of conde HERMENEGILDO González & his wife Muniadomna Díaz (-killed in battle 997).  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[147].  "Adosinda prolix Guttier et Ilduare" granted "villas…Moraria et Castineira" to "Gunsalbo Menendiz et uxor tue Ilduare", naming "viro meo dive memorie Ranimirus Menendi", by charter dated 17 Oct 964, subscribed by "Didacus Menendi, Arias Menendi…"[148]Conde.  The Cronica de Sampiro, as reproduced in the Historia Silense, records that "Gundissalvus…dux…ultra flumen Dorii" poisoned Sancho I King of León who was trying to exact tribute, dated to Dec 966[149].  His relations with Ramiro III King of León broke down over the latter's inaction in the face of the Viking attacks on Galicia in 968.  "Gundisalbus filii Ermegildi et Mummadomne" donated property "in ripa Arrogio…", held by "frater meus Ranemirus et eius uxor Adosinde", to Vimeiro by charter dated 10 Dec 968[150].  He was also the sworn enemy of dux Rodrigo Velásquez, with whom he was in conflict from 970 to 974 and whom he defeated at the battle of Aguioncha[151].  "Gundissalus Menendiz" donated property from "domna Palla" by charter dated 22 Dec 981, subscribed by "…Menendo Gundisaluiz…"[152].  A charter of Vermudo II King of León dated 12 Apr 993 records the rebellion of "Gundisalvo Menendici…[et] filium ipsius Gundisalvi…Rudesindum"[153].  Governor of the county of Braga 994, he was killed during al-Mansur's campaign against Santiago de Compostela[154]

m firstly ILDUARA [Ildonza] Peláez, daughter of PELAYO González & his wife Ermesinda Gutiérrez (-before 982).  "Aldreto Olidiz…vigario de domna Elduara prolix Pelagii Gundisaluiz" sold property "in ripa de Arcus" by charter dated 18 Dec 961[155].  "Adosinda prolix Guttier et Ilduare" granted "villas…Moraria et Castineira" to "Gunsalbo Menendiz et uxor tue Ilduare", naming "viro meo dive memorie Ranimirus Menendi", by charter dated 17 Oct 964, subscribed by "Didacus Menendi, Arias Menendi…"[156]

m secondly ([983]) ERMESENDA, daughter of --- (-after 1008).  A charter dated 21 Dec 1014 records a dispute involving "villa de Villacova" donated by "comitissa domna Tuta", naming "comite domno Gundisalbo et…coniugem suam domna Ermesinda"[157]

Gonzalo & his first wife had [six] children:

1.         RAMIRO González (-after 986). 

2.         ROSENDO González (-after 1014).  A charter of Vermudo II King of León dated 12 Apr 993 records the rebellion of "Gundisalvo Menendici…[et] filium ipsius Gundisalvi…Rudesindum"[158].  A charter dated 21 Dec 1014 records a dispute involving "villa de Villacova" donated by "comitissa domna Tuta" which was heard before "illa comitissa et comites Rudesindo Gonsaluit et Nuno Menendiz et Gonsaluo Menendiz Ranimior Menendiz et Gutierre Roderici"[159]

3.         MENENDO González (-killed in battle 11 Oct 1008).  "Gundissalus Menendiz" donated property from "domna Palla" by charter dated 22 Dec 981, subscribed by "…Menendo Gundisaluiz…"[160]Conde: Alfonso V King of León donated property to the bishop of León by charter dated 13 Oct 999 subscribed by "Menendus Gundisaluiz comes"[161].  He succeeded his father as governor of the county of Braga.  Tutor of Alfonso V King of León from 999[162].  Ibn-Khaldun states that Alfonso V King of León succeeded under the regency of "le comte de Galice Menendo Gonzalez" but that this was disputed by "Sancho fils de Garcia, l´oncle maternel d´Alphonse", the dispute being arbitrated by "Abdalmelic fils d´Almanzor" who ordered "au juge des chrétiens [de Cordoue] Açbagh ibn --- de décider…[et il] prononça en faveur de Menendo Gonzalez"[163].  A charter dated 23 Dec 1001 records a judgment before King Alfonso V and “senatus sui domni Ermenagildi Gundisaluiz prolis” settling a dispute with the monastery of Celanova[164].  “…Menendus dux prolis Gundisaluiz…” confirmed a charter dated 11 Jan 1002 relating to the donation of San Andrés de Congostro to the monastery of Celanova[165].  He fought the invading Vikings, being killed during one of these encounters as recorded in the Chronicon Lusitano[166].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records that “Comes Menendus” was killed “II Non Oct” in 1046 (adjusted to 1008)[167].  Ibn-Khaldun records that "le comte de Galice Menendo Gonzalez" was killed in [17 Sep 1007/4 Sep 1008][168].  After his death, a charter of Alfonso V King of León dated 19 Sep 1012 names "Menendus dux Gallecie qui uigarius et anutrix meus erat"[169]m TODA, daughter of ---, granddaughter of [170][conde FRUELA Gutiérrez & his wife Sarracina ---] (-after 30 Jan 1018).  A charter dated 21 Dec 1014 records a dispute involving "villa de Villacova" donated by "comitissa domna Tuta" which was heard before "illa comitissa et comites Rudesindo Gonsaluit et Nuno Menendiz et Gonsaluo Menendiz Ranimior Menendiz et Gutierre Roderici", naming "comite domno Gundisalbo et…coniugem suam domna Ermesinda", confirmed by "Froila Gutieriz, Munio Menendiz, Tuta domna, Ildunza Menendi, Pelagius Didaz, Ordonius Guteiert, Ouevo Ennegot…"[171].  "Froila Gundesaluiz…Tuta Domna" donated "villas…de Ezebrario usque in Uauga et Angre" to Vaccariça monastery, and "comitissam…Tuta Domna" donated similar properties which were "de ipse congermano nostro domni Frolani", by charter dated 30 Jan 1018[172].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 15 Nov 1028 under which her grandson "Ueremudus proles Adefonsi principis et Geluire regine" donated "villam meam…Cordario que fuit avorum et parentum meorum Menendi et dne Tote" to Santiago de Compostela[173].  Menendo & his wife had [nine] children: 

a)         MUNIO Menéndez (-after [1025]).  A charter dated 21 Dec 1014 records a dispute involving "villa de Villacova" donated by "comitissa domna Tuta" which was heard before "illa comitissa et comites Rudesindo Gonsaluit et Nuno Menendiz et Gonsaluo Menendiz Ranimior Menendiz et Gutierre Roderici"[174]

b)         GONZALO Menéndez (-after 1018).  A charter dated 21 Dec 1014 records a dispute involving "villa de Villacova" donated by "comitissa domna Tuta" which was heard before "illa comitissa et comites Rudesindo Gonsaluit et Nuno Menendiz et Gonsaluo Menendiz Ranimior Menendiz et Gutierre Roderici"[175]

c)         RAMIRO Menéndez (-before 1014).  A charter dated 21 Dec 1014 records a dispute involving "villa de Villacova" donated by "comitissa domna Tuta" which was heard before "illa comitissa et comites Rudesindo Gonsaluit et Nuno Menendiz et Gonsaluo Menendiz Ranimior Menendiz et Gutierre Roderici"[176]Conde.  Alférez of Alfonso V King of León 13 Sep 1005[177].  He settled in Portugal.  m TODA Vélaz, daughter of [178][conde VELA Iñíguez & his wife ---] (-after 1055).  "Adefonsus…princeps ad vicem…filiis meis etiam…domna Mummadomna" donated property "qui fuerunt de parentes nostri dux Menendus Gondisalui et Tuta Domna…in...villa Aminitello…" to "Petro Aloitiz" and Vimieiro monastery, with the consent of "comite Nunus Aloitiz et uxori eius comitissa domna Ilduara…et comitissa domna Onneca…et comitissa Tuda Uegillaz et filiis meis Ermegildus et Lupe", by charter dated 3 Sep 1025[179].  Ramiro & his wife had three children: 

i)          ORDOÑO Ramírez (-[after 1017]).  He is named, and his parentage indicated, in the charter dated 31 Mar 1045 under which [his son-in-law and daughter] "[Ermegildus cognomento] Menendus Folienz…cum uxore sua…Gunterode Ordoniz" donated "villa…Tauoadelo quos fuit de comes domno Gundisaluo Menendi" [who would have been his paternal uncle] to Vimeiro, recording the connection between "Ordonio Ranemiriz et sua mulier domna Geluira…suo genro Fredenando Gundemariz et…sua mulier Mummadomna Ordoniz" and the property in question, by charter dated 31 Mar 1045[180].  [He confirmed a 1017 donation by Alfonso V King of León to Pedro Fernández[181].  It is uncertain whether this document refers to Ordoño Ramírez, son of Ramiro Menéndez, or to Ordoño Ramírez, supposed son of Ramiro III King of León (see AZA and LERMA in the present document).]  m ELVIRA, daughter of ---.  "[Ermegildus cognomento] Menendus Folienz…cum uxore sua…Gunterode Ordoniz" donated "villa…Tauoadelo quos fuit de comes domno Gundisaluo Menendi" to Vimeiro, recording the connection between "Ordonio Ranemiriz et sua mulier domna Geluira…suo genro Fredenando Gundemariz et…sua mulier Mummadomna Ordoniz" and the property in question, by charter dated 31 Mar 1045[182].  Ordoño & his wife had two children: 

(a)       MUNIADOMNA Ordóñez (-[before 1045]).  "[Ermegildus cognomento] Menendus Folienz…cum uxore sua…Gunterode Ordoniz" donated "villa…Tauoadelo quos fuit de comes domno Gundisaluo Menendi" to Vimeiro, recording the connection between "Ordonio Ranemiriz et sua mulier domna Geluira…suo genro Fredenando Gundemariz et…sua mulier Mummadomna Ordoniz" and the property in question, by charter dated 31 Mar 1045[183]m [as his second wife,] FERNANDO Gundemáriz, son of GUNDEMARO Pinióliz & his wife Muniadomna --- (-after 1044). 

(b)       GUNTRODO Ordóñez (-after 1045).  "[Ermegildus cognomento] Menendus Folienz…cum uxore sua…Gunterode Ordoniz" donated "villa…Tauoadelo quos fuit de comes domno Gundisaluo Menendi" to Vimeiro, recording the connection between "Ordonio Ranemiriz et sua mulier domna Geluira…suo genro Fredenando Gundemariz et…sua mulier Mummadomna Ordoniz" and the property in question, by charter dated 31 Mar 1045[184]m MENENDO Folienz, son of --- (-after 1045). 

ii)         HERMENEGILDO Ramírez (-after 1025).  "Adefonsus…princeps ad vicem…filiis meis etiam…domna Mummadomna" donated property "qui fuerunt de parentes nostri dux Menendus Gondisalui et Tuta Domna…in...villa Aminitello…" to "Petro Aloitiz" and Vimieiro monastery, with the consent of "comite Nunus Aloitiz et uxori eius comitissa domna Ilduara…et comitissa domna Onneca…et comitissa Tuda Uegillaz et filiis meis Ermegildus et Lupe", by charter dated 3 Sep 1025[185]

iii)        LOBA Ramírez (-after 1044).  "Adefonsus…princeps ad vicem…filiis meis etiam…domna Mummadomna" donated property "qui fuerunt de parentes nostri dux Menendus Gondisalui et Tuta Domna…in...villa Aminitello…" to "Petro Aloitiz" and Vimieiro monastery, with the consent of "comite Nunus Aloitiz et uxori eius comitissa domna Ilduara…et comitissa domna Onneca…et comitissa Tuda Uegillaz et filiis meis Ermegildus et Lupe", by charter dated 3 Sep 1025[186].  She inherited property in Carrazedo from her father, which she sold in 1044[187]m conde SANCHO Velásquez, son of ---.  “Velasco Almeiuz comes, Santius dux Velasconi prolis qui tunc...domino erat in illa terra...” subscribed the charter dated 9 Jun 1037 under which King Vermudo III granted jurisdiction over its inhabitants to Celanova[188].  He is named as the husband of Loba Ramírez in her 1044 document[189]

d)         [PELAYO Menéndez (-after 30 Dec 1028)Alférez of Alfonso V King of León 19 Sep 1012 to 29 Apr 1014[190].  Alfonso V King of León donated "kastellum…Sancto Salbatore" to León Cathedral by charter dated 19 Sep 1012, confirmed by "…Pelagius Menediz armiger regis…"[191].  Alfonso V King of León granted property to "Riquilo" by charter dated 19 Aug 1022, subscribed by "comes Monio Muniuzi, Petrus Muniuzi, Petrus Fernandizi, Pelagius Mendizi, Rodorigo Ordonizi, Piniolus armiger regis, Rodorigo Romanizi, Sanctio Exemenizi, Rodorigo Veilaz, Enego Veilazi"[192]"…Pelagius Menendiz…" (signing first among the lay subscribers) subscribed the charter dated 15 Nov 1028 under which "Ueremudus proles Adefonsi principis et Geluire regine" donated "villam meam…Cordario que fuit avorum et parentum meorum Menendi et dne Tote" to Santiago de Compostela[193]Conde.  “...Pelagius Menendiz comes...” subscribed the charter dated 30 Dec 1028 under which Vermudo III King of León donated “villam...Cordario” to Santiago de Compostela[194].] 

e)         ELVIRA Menéndez (-2 Dec 1022, bur León)The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Elvira" daughter of "count Menendo González and his wife countess Mayor" as the wife of King Alfonso[195].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 15 Nov 1028 under which her son "Ueremudus proles Adefonsi principis et Geluire regine" donated "villam meam…Cordario que fuit avorum et parentum meorum Menendi et dne Tote" to Santiago de Compostela[196].  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium records that King Alfonso was buried in León "with his wife Elvira"[197].  The Chronicon del Salterio, dated to 1055, records the death "IV f[eri]a M i[u]l[i]o era TLXVI" of "Adefonsus rex" and "uxor eius Gelbire IV N[ona]s Dec era TLX"[198]m (1015) as his first wife, ALFONSO V King of León, son of VERMUDO II "el Gotoso" King of León & his second wife Elvira García de Castilla (996-killed in battle Viseu 4 Jul or 7 Aug 1028, bur León). 

f)          ILDUARA Menéndez .  "Adefonsus…princeps ad vicem…filiis meis etiam…domna Mummadomna" donated property "qui fuerunt de parentes nostri dux Menendus Gondisalui et Tuta Domna…in...villa Aminitello…" to "Petro Aloitiz" and Vimieiro monastery, with the consent of "comite Nunus Aloitiz et uxori eius comitissa domna Ilduara…et comitissa domna Onneca…et comitissa Tuda Uegillaz et filiis meis Ermegildus et Lupe", by charter dated 3 Sep 1025[199]m conde NUÑO Aloítez, son of ALOITO Núñez & his wife Gontina --- (-1028). 

g)         ILDONZA Menéndez (-after 21 Dec 1014).  A charter dated 21 Dec 1014 records a dispute involving "villa de Villacova" donated by "comitissa domna Tuta", confirmed by "Froila Gutieriz, Munio Menendiz, Tuta domna, Ildunza Menendi, Pelagius Didaz, Ordonius Guteiert, Ouevo Ennegot…"[200]

h)         [FRUELA Menéndez (-1032 after 25 Aug)Conde.  Alférez of Vermudo II "el Gotoso" King of León 5 Sep 998 to 5 Jan 999[201].  "…Froila Menendiz…" subscribed the charter dated 15 Nov 1028 under which "Ueremudus proles Adefonsi principis et Geluire regine" donated "villam meam…Cordario que fuit avorum et parentum meorum Menendi et dne Tote" to Santiago de Compostela[202].  “...Froila Menendiz comes...” subscribed the charter dated 30 Dec 1028 under which Vermudo III King of León donated “villam...Cordario” to Santiago de Compostela[203].]  same person as...?  FRUELA Menéndez .  "Petrus […Froilaz] et comes et cometessa Gunterede Ruderiquiz" donated "Nemenio", part of which belonged to "comite Froile Menindez" who left it to "suo suprino Froila Ueremudiz" who bequeathed it to "suos filios…[et] sua filia domina Uisclauara…meam germanam", to the monastery of Santo Tomé de Nemeño by charter dated 6 May 1105[204]

i)          [ONECA Menéndez (-after 3 Sep 1025).  "Adefonsus…princeps ad vicem…filiis meis etiam…domna Mummadomna" donated property "qui fuerunt de parentes nostri dux Menendus Gondisalui et Tuta Domna…in...villa Aminitello…" to "Petro Aloitiz" and Vimieiro monastery, with the consent of "comite Nunus Aloitiz et uxori eius comitissa domna Ilduara…et comitissa domna Onneca…et comitissa Tuda Uegillaz et filiis meis Ermegildus et Lupe", by charter dated 3 Sep 1025[205]m --- Conde, son of ---.] 

4.         [TODA Gonzálezm conde RODRIGO Ordóñez, son of [ORDOÑO Ramírez & his wife Elvira] (-after 9 Jun 1037).  Alférez 27 Nov 986.] 

5.         DIEGO González

6.         MUNIADOMNA González (-before 1013). 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    MENENDEZ FAMILY

 

 

This family was based in Galicia and northern Portugal.  Hermenegildo Gutiérrez achieved a position of trust at the court of León in the late 9th and early 10th centuries and married his daughter to King Ordoño II.  Gutierre Menéndez, son of Hermenegildo Gutiérrez, was granted six counties in Galicia, which continued to be governed by his sons and grandsons.  One of his grandsons was San Rosendo, whose life has been the subject of detailed scholarly investigation.  Gutierre´s great-grandson Gonzalo Muñoz conde de Coimbra achieved notoriety as the murderer of Sancho I King of León, was the enemy of King Ramiro III, and contributed to the rise to power of King Vermudo II during the civil war in León.  Gonzalo´s son conde Fruela González was one of the "condes Gallegos" who supported al-Manzor, helped capture Santiago de Compostela in 997, and was eventually expelled from Galicia in 1017 by Alfonso V King of León. 

 

 

1.         ALOITO (-after 1 Sep 818).  Conde: "Aloitus comes" donated property “filii Ribilani...[in] villa Ostulata” to the church of San Vicenbte de Ostulata by charter dated 1 Sep 818, confirmed by “...Uittina cum filiis suis”, witnessed by “Didacus, Recemirus, Kenderedus, Rodericus, Gilos, Ascarius[206].  The reference to the same property in the charter dated 30 Aug 947, issued by Hermenegildo Aloítez (see below), suggests that Conde Aloito may have been the ancestor of the family which is set out in this chapter. 

 

 

GUTIERRE ---.  869-920. 

m ELVIRA, daughter of ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 17 Sep 1016 under which "Munius Nuniz et uxor mea Sanctia Roderici simul Nepocianus confessus et Hermesinda deouota" donated “in valle Sarria villa Lusario”, obtained from “domnus Sisnandus episcopus...de susceptione parentum suorum Hermegildus et Paterna et illi habuerunt ea de parentes suos et avios Aloitus et Argilo, Gutier et Geloire”, to “Guttier diaconus et Munie prolix Munione confesse” at Sobrado[207]

Gutierre & his wife had three children: 

1.         ALOITO Gutiérrez (-before 5 Jun 963).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 17 Sep 1016 under which "Munius Nuniz et uxor mea Sanctia Roderici simul Nepocianus confessus et Hermesinda deouota" donated “in valle Sarria villa Lusario”, obtained from “domnus Sisnandus episcopus...de susceptione parentum suorum Hermegildus et Paterna et illi habuerunt ea de parentes suos et avios Aloitus et Argilo, Gutier et Geloire”, to “Guttier diaconus et Munie prolix Munione confesse” at Sobrado[208]

-        see below

2.         OSORIO Gutiérrez Conde 899-920. 

-        see below

3.         HERMENEGILDO Gutiérrez (-after 912).   

-        see below

 

 

ALOITO Gutiérrez, son of GUTIERRE --- & his wife Elvira --- (-before 5 Jun 963).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 17 Sep 1016 under which "Munius Nuniz et uxor mea Sanctia Roderici simul Nepocianus confessus et Hermesinda deouota" donated “in valle Sarria villa Lusario”, obtained from “domnus Sisnandus episcopus...de susceptione parentum suorum Hermegildus et Paterna et illi habuerunt ea de parentes suos et avios Aloitus et Argilo, Gutier et Geloire”, to “Guttier diaconus et Munie prolix Munione confesse” at Sobrado[209].  "…Armentarius, Pelagius, Aloitus" subscribed the charter dated 18 Dec 922 under which King Ordoño II donated the monastery of San Pedro de Triacastela to Santiago de Compostela[210]

m ARGILO, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 17 Sep 1016 under which "Munius Nuniz et uxor mea Sanctia Roderici simul Nepocianus confessus et Hermesinda deouota" donated “in valle Sarria villa Lusario”, obtained from “domnus Sisnandus episcopus...de susceptione parentum suorum Hermegildus et Paterna et illi habuerunt ea de parentes suos et avios Aloitus et Argilo, Gutier et Geloire”, to “Guttier diaconus et Munie prolix Munione confesse” at Sobrado[211].  “Argilo…cum filiis meis Gundesindo abba, Arias, Guttier, Ermegild” donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Cinis by charter dated 13 Oct 915 which names “pater noster Aloitus[212]

Aloito & his wife had four children: 

1.         GUNDESINDO Aloítez .  “Argilo…cum filiis meis Gundesindo abba, Arias, Guttier, Ermegild” donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Cinis by charter dated 13 Oct 915 which names “pater noster Aloitus[213].  The Historia Compostelana records the appointment of “Gundesindus filius comitis Aloiti” as Bishop of Compostela, dated to [920][214].  "Hermegildus" donated “villa...Ostulata...basilica...Sancti Vicentii”, which “diue memorie tius tuus domnus Gundesindus episcopus” had donated to “Odoario presbitero”, to “Sisnando diacono” by charter dated 30 Aug 947[215]

2.         GUTIERRE Aloítez (-after 5 Jun 963).  “Argilo…cum filiis meis Gundesindo abba, Arias, Guttier, Ermegild” donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Cinis by charter dated 13 Oct 915 which names “pater noster Aloitus[216].  "Guttier quondam prolix Aloiti...cum uxore mea Auuidia cognomento Lillio" donated “villam in Brocos” to “domno Sisnando episcopo” by charter dated 5 Jun 963[217]Condem AUVIDIA Vímaraz [Lillio], daughter of VÍMARA Pérez & his wife Trudildi --- (-after 5 Jun 963).  "Guttier quondam prolix Aloiti...cum uxore mea Auuidia cognomento Lillio" donated “villam in Brocos” to “domno Sisnando episcopo” by charter dated 5 Jun 963[218]

3.         ARIAS Aloítez (-after 3 Jul 935).  “Argilo…cum filiis meis Gundesindo abba, Arias, Guttier, Ermegild” donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Cinis by charter dated 13 Oct 915 which names “pater noster Aloitus[219]"Munius Adefonsi, Attanus Froianiz, Afila Baroncelli, Aboleetha ibendecember, Fredenandus Muniniz, Menendus Gundisaluiz, Aloitus Lucidi, Arias Aloitiz..." subscribed the undated charter under which “Sancius...princeps” confirmed the donation of “conmisso de Montanos” made by “avio meo...dnm Froilanem principem” to Santiago de Compostela[220]"Sancius...rex" donated “Bustum...latere montis Luanie...Varganum” to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 25 Aug 927, subscribed by “Gundisaluus Betoniz, Gundesindus Eroni, Gundulfus Odori, Spasandus, Froila Menendiz, Guther Osoriz, Ordonius, Nunius Osorici, Arias Alvitiz, Cresconius[221].  "Leoueg[odo]" donated “mea hereditate...ganaui cum meo marito excepta VI que dedimus domno Arie vestre germano” to “domno Menendo et uxori vestre domne Paterne” by charter dated 16 Mar 929[222].  “...Arias Aloitiz...” confirmed the charter dated 3 Jul 935 under which King Ramiro II donated "ecclesias...inter Euue et Masma" to the church of León[223]

4.         HERMENEGILDO [Menendo] Aloítez (-[23 Oct 964/970]).  “Argilo…cum filiis meis Gundesindo abba, Arias, Guttier, Ermegild” donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Cinis by charter dated 13 Oct 915 which names “pater noster Aloitus[224].  "Donadeo et uxor mea Tidina" donated property "in villa…Codegio" to "Hermegildo et uxori vestre Paterne" by charter dated 7 Jul 931[225]Conde.  Mayordomo 9 Feb 937 to 3 Apr 945.  “Asterigo et uxor mea Leouegoto” donated property to “domno Ermegildo et domna Paterna” by charter dated 30 Jul 939[226].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Hermegildus maiordomus…"[227].  "Hermegildus et Paterna" donated “hereditatem de Senuario presbitero”, including property “in villa Codais” obtained from “genitore nostra dom[na] Argilo”, to Sobrado by charter dated 9 Oct 952, subscribed by "Rudericus Menendix…"[228].  "Sisnandus…sci. Iacobi apostoli et Iriensis sedis episcopus…cum genitore meo Hermegildo" donated property to Sobrado by charter dated 30 Dec 955, subscribed by "Rudericus Hermegildi prolis, Giluira coniux Ruderici…"[229]m (before 916) PATERNA Gundesíndez, daughter of GUNDESINDO & his wife Senior --- (-after 9 Oct 952).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 17 Sep 1016 under which "Munius Nuniz et uxor mea Sanctia Roderici simul Nepocianus confessus et Hermesinda deouota" donated “villa Sancta Leocadia”, obtained from “domna Exemena cum germana sua domna Paterna de susceptione parentum suorum Gundesindus et Senior”, to “Guttier diaconus et Munie prolix Munione confesse” at Sobrado[230].  She acquired property jointly with her husband from 916 until the 950s[231].  "Donadeo et uxor mea Tidina" donated property "in villa…Codegio" to "Hermegildo et uxori vestre Paterne" by charter dated 7 Jul 931[232].  “Asterigo et uxor mea Leouegoto” donated property to “domno Ermegildo et domna Paterna” by charter dated 30 Jul 939[233].  "Hermegildus et Paterna" founded the monastery of Sobrado by charter dated 9 Oct 952, subscribed by "Rudericus Menendiz…"[234].  Hermenegildo & his wife had three children: 

a)         SISNANDO Menéndez (-killed in battle Fornelos 29 Mar 968).  The Historia Compostelana names “Sisnandus” as bishop of Santiago when recording that he founded the monastery of San Martín, and in a later passage records that he was “filium comitis Menendi, ac nepotem…Gundesindi episcopi[235].  "Hermegildus" donated “villa...Ostulata...basilica...Sancti Vicentii”, which “diue memorie tius tuus domnus Gundesindus episcopus” had donated to “Odoario presbitero”, to “Sisnando diacono” by charter dated 30 Aug 947[236].  Bishop of Compostela.  "Sisnandus…sci. Iacobi apostoli et Iriensis sedis episcopus…cum genitore meo Hermegildo" donated property to Sobrado by charter dated 30 Dec 955, subscribed by "Rudericus Hermegildi prolis, Giluira coniux Ruderici…"[237].  He was deprived of his bishopric in favour of San Rosendo de Celanova.  Mayordomo 18 Mar 949 to 8 Oct 950.  "Sisnandus episcopus...cum fratre meo Ruderico simul cum coniuge sua Geluira" donated “in valle Nemitos villam...Uarcina...to Sobrado by charter dated 10 Dec 966, signed by "Ruderici Hermegildi prolix, Giluira Aloiti prolix"[238].  He was killed in battle fighting the Vikings[239]

b)         RODRIGO Menéndez (-after 10 Dec 966).  "Hermegildus et Paterna" founded the monastery of Sobrado by charter dated 9 Oct 952, subscribed by "Rudericus Menendiz…"[240].  "Sisnandus…sci. Iacobi apostoli et Iriensis sedis episcopus…cum genitore meo Hermegildo" donated property to Sobrado by charter dated 30 Dec 955, subscribed by "Rudericus Hermegildi prolis, Giluira coniux Ruderici…"[241]"Rudericus et uxor mea…Giluira" donated “villas...in territorio Rabbati villa Boniti...” to Sobrado by charter dated 13 Nov 959, signed by "Giluira Aluitiz, Aloitus Guttier, Lucidus Martiniz..."[242].  "Sisnandus episcopus...cum fratre meo Ruderico simul cum coniuge sua Geluira" donated “in valle Nemitos villam...Uarcina...to Sobrado by charter dated 10 Dec 966, signed by "Ruderici Hermegildi prolix, Giluira Aloiti prolix"[243].  He is named as Rodrigo "Munit" in the document which refers to his son Gutierre, although it is clear from the same document that his father is "Menendo"[244]m ELVIRA Aloítez, daughter of ALOITO Lucídez & his wife Munia Díaz.  "Sisnandus…sci. Iacobi apostoli et Iriensis sedis episcopus…cum genitore meo Hermegildo" donated property to Sobrado by charter dated 30 Dec 955, subscribed by "Rudericus Hermegildi prolis, Giluira coniux Ruderici…"[245].  Her parents are named by Mattoso[246]"Rudericus et uxor mea…Giluira" donated “villas...in territorio Rabbati villa Boniti...” to Sobrado by charter dated 13 Nov 959, signed by "Giluira Aluitiz, Aloitus Guttier, Lucidus Martiniz..."[247].  "Sisnandus episcopus...cum fratre meo Ruderico simul cum coniuge sua Geluira" donated “in valle Nemitos villam...Uarcina...to Sobrado by charter dated 10 Dec 966, signed by "Ruderici Hermegildi prolix, Giluira Aloiti prolix"[248].  Rodrigo & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [GUTIERRE RodríguezAn undated charter records that “de comite domno Menendo natus est Rodericus Munit, de Roderico Muniz Guter Roderiquit...[249].  In this passage, “comite domno Menendo” appears to refer to Hermenegildo Aloítez, but if that is correct it is not clear why his son was called “Rodericus Muniz”.  It is possible that there is some confusion about the descent in this source.]  m MARINA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Dec 1037 under which [her son] "Rudericus filius quondam parentum meorum Gutierre et Marina" donated property, serfs and animals by way of dower to “uxori mee Senior[250]Gutierre & his wife had two children: 

(a)       DIEGO Gutiérrez An undated charter names “Didaco Guter et Rodericus Guter” as the children of “Guter Roderiquit[251].  An undated charter records that “Didaco Guterrit et frater eius Rudericus Guterrit” exchanged “Reuoredo” for “Herosa” with “Hero Muniz”, adding that Diego had two daughters “Ardiu Diaz et Azenda Diaz[252].  "Rudericus filius quondam parentum meorum Gutierre et Marina" donated property, serfs and animals by way of dower to “uxori mee Senior” by charter dated 18 Dec 1037, subscribed by “...Didacus Guterriz...[253]m [AZENDA Segerédez, daughter of SEGEREDO Aloítez & his wife Adosinda Arias.  Her parentage and possible marriage are indicated by a charter dated 29 Jul 1118 under which Queen Urraca donated Sobrado “inter Montem Rosum et terram de Speluca”, which King Fernando I had granted to “avo vestro Sigeredo Aluiti et...uxore sue Adosinda Arie”, to “Vermudo Petri et fratri vestro Fernando Petri” (assuming that “avo” can be interpreted as meaning great-great-grandfather of the first wife of Pedro Fróilaz de Traba)[254].  Given the uncertainty relating to the ancestry of Pedro Fróilaz, as discussed in Chapter 11 of the present document, it is also possible that Azenda Segerédez was Pedro´s ancestor on the paternal side of his family.  However, the inclusion of Pedro Fróilaz among the list of subscribers suggests that the latter is the less likely possibility, otherwise it is unclear why the grant should have been made to Pedro´s sons when Pedro himself was still alive.]  Diego & his wife had two children: 

(1)       ARDIO Díaz An undated charter names “Ardiu Diat et Azenda Diat” as the children of “Didaco Guter”, son of “Guter Roderiquit”, adding that “Ardiu Diat” was the wife of “comitis domni Froyle[255].  An undated charter records that “Didaco Guterrit et frater eius Rudericus Guterrit” exchanged “Reuoredo” for “Herosa” with “Hero Muniz”, adding that Diego had two daughters “Ardiu Diaz et Azenda Diaz[256]m conde FRUELA Arias, son of ARIAS Tetóniz & his wife ---. 

(2)       AZENDA DíazAn undated charter names “Ardiu Diat et Azenda Diat” as the children of “Didaco Guter”, son of “Guter Roderiquit[257].  An undated charter records that “Didaco Guterrit et frater eius Rudericus Guterrit” exchanged “Reuoredo” for “Herosa” with “Hero Muniz”, adding that Diego had two daughters “Ardiu Diaz et Azenda Diaz[258]

(b)       RODRIGO GutiérrezAn undated charter names “Didaco Guter et Rodericus Guter” as the children of “Guter Roderiquit[259].  An undated charter records that “Didaco Guterrit et frater eius Rudericus Guterrit” exchanged “Reuoredo” for “Herosa” with “Hero Muniz[260].  "Rudericus filius quondam parentum meorum Gutierre et Marina" donated property, serfs and animals by way of dower to “uxori mee Senior” by charter dated 18 Dec 1037, subscribed by “...Didacus Guterriz...[261]m SENIOR, daughter of ---.  "Rudericus filius quondam parentum meorum Gutierre et Marina" donated property, serfs and animals by way of dower to “uxori mee Senior” by charter dated 18 Dec 1037, subscribed by “...Didacus Guterriz...[262].  Rodrigo & his wife had one child: 

(1)       MUNIO Rodríguez .  An undated charter names “Munio Roderici de Mirumferar” as the child of “Roderico Guter[263]

c)         --- Menéndezm GARCÍA Iñíguez, son of ---.  ["Giloira Ranimiri principis filia" donated property to the monastery of Sahagún by charter dated 4 Apr 970, confirmed by "…Garsea Ennecozi…"[264].  He confirmed donations to the monastery of Sahagún dated 11 May 971, 11 May 976 and 27 Nov 986[265].]  García & his wife had one child: 

i)          JIMENA García (-after 11 Nov 984).  "Exemena Christi ancilla" donated “villam meam...Malarici...subtus montem Navefracte territorio Nalare et Parrigue”, obtained “media patri meo Garsia Inneconis et media ad tios meos Sisnando episcopo et Roderico Menendit”, by charter dated 11 Nov 984, confirmed by “...Gutier Munoni...[266]

 

 

OSORIO Gutiérrez, son of GUTIERRE --- & his wife Elvira --- Conde"…Pelagius comes, Froila comes, Lucidius comes, Erus Fredernandi, Ascarius, Petrus, Munio Muniz comes, Osorio comes, Gundesaluus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 899 under which Alfonso III King of Asturias consecrated the church of Santiago de Compostela[267]

m ---.  The name of Osorio's wife is not known. 

Osorio & his wife had two children: 

1.         GUTIERRE Osóriz (-after 941)Conde 916-941.  "…Lucidus Uimarani, Gutherre Menendiz, Gutherre Osoriz, Armentarius Siloni…" subscribed the charter dated 20 Jan 917 under which Ordoño II King of León donated “villis in territorio Gallecie...Cella Paruio et Paiaragio” to Santiago de Compostela[268].  "…Guter Osoriz, Guter Menendi, Arias Menendiz, Flaginus Didaz, Fredinandus Didaz…" confirmed the charter dated 24 Apr [918], probably spurious, under which "Ordonius rex et Giloria regina" donated el Coto de Valdueza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes[269].  “Guttier Menendiz, Gutier Osoriz, Teton Lucidi, Arias Menediz...” confirmed the charter dated 18 May 919 under which King Ordoño II donated "busto...in montibus...Arbolis" to “Cixilano episcopo” and the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián[270].  "…Didacus Crenandiz, Gundisaluus Bettotiz, Guter Menendez comes, Gutier Osoriiz, Theudericus Lucidi, Tellus Bettotiz, Menendus Menendez, Scemenus Didaci, Sisandus Didaci" subscribed the charter dated 17 Sep 924 under which King Fruela II donated “conmisso de Montanos” to Santiago de Compostela[271]"Sancius...rex" donated “Bustum...latere montis Luanie...Varganum” to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 25 Aug 927, subscribed by “Gundisaluus Betoniz, Gundesindus Eroni, Gundulfus Odori, Spasandus, Froila Menendiz, Guther Osoriz, Ordonius, Nunius Osorici, Arias Alvitiz, Cresconius[272].  King Alfonso IV donated “senra...in ueica de Stola” to the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián by charter dated 15 Mar 930, confirmed by “...Titon Lucidi, Guttiher Menendiz, Pelagio Tetoni, Sarracenus Nunnizzi, Didaco Romanizzi...Guttiher Osoriz[273]A charter dated 1 Oct 982 under which “Odoyno diacono” transferred the church of Santa Comba de Bande to Celanova monastery recalls donations by “comes Guttier Osoriz et filio suo Froila Gutieriz[274]m his first cousin, ALDONZA Menéndez, daughter of HERMENEGILDO Gutiérrez & his wife Ermesinda Gatónez (-after 26 Sep 942).  “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova by charter dated 9 Jan 941[275].  “…Amita supra memorati…episcopi Yldonzia” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[276].  Gutierre & his wife had nine children: 

a)         OSORIO Gutiérrez (-[after 969]).  "Pelagio Tedoniz, Sarracino Nuniz, Hermegildo Gunzaluiz…Menendo Mendiz, Osorius Gutierriz, Rodorigo Tedoniz…" subscribed the charter dated 4 Mar 933 under which "Ranemirus…rex" [Ramiro II King of Leon] donated property[277].  “Solarius Guttiheriz, Roderico Guttiherriz, Hosorius Guttiheriz, Froyla Guttiherriz, Gunterodes abbatissa, Adosinda olim regina, Giluira confessa…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[278]Conde 942[279].  933 969.  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Rudericus Guterriz, Osorius Guterriz…"[280].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Rudericus Guteriz, Osorius Guteriz…"[281].  “...Ruderico Guterriz, Osorius Guterriz...” confirmed the charter dated 15 May 951 under which King Ordoño III donated "villa de Matella" to Sahagún[282].  He founded the monastery of San Salvador de Lorenzana [969], although the date is disputed[283].  It is possible that he was the confirmant of the 1 Sep 986 donation of Osorio Díaz to the monastery of Sahagún, which was also confirmed by "Hanni Gutiérrez" who has not been identified[284]m URRACA Núñez, daughter of ---.  Osorio & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUTIERRE Osóriz

ii)         ORDOÑO Osóriz

iii)        URRACA Osóriz

b)         GUNTRODO Gutiérrez (-after 21 May 959).  “Solarius Guttiheriz, Roderico Guttiherriz, Hosorius Guttiheriz, Froyla Guttiherriz, Gunterodes abbatissa, Adosinda olim regina, Giluira confessa…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[285].  “Gunterodis abbatisse, prolis Guttieri comiti” donated property to the monastery of San Pelayo by charter dated 21 May 959[286]

c)         ADOSINDA Gutiérrez (-after 9 Jan 941).  The Codex de Roda records that "domni Ranimiri regis, frater Adefonsi regis et Froila" had "alia uxore Galliciensis" but omits her name[287].  “Solarius Guttiheriz, Roderico Guttiherriz, Hosorius Guttiheriz, Froyla Guttiherriz, Gunterodes abbatissa, Adosinda olim regina, Giluira confessa…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[288]m ([925], divorced 930) as his first wife, her first cousin[289], RAMIRO II King of León, son of ORDOÑO II King of León & his [first/second wife ---/Elvira Menéndez] ([before 21 Feb 897]-1 Jan 951, bur San Salvador de León). 

d)         RODRIGO Gutiérrez (-after 992).  “Solarius Guttiheriz, Roderico Guttiherriz, Hosorius Guttiheriz, Froyla Guttiherriz, Gunterodes abbatissa, Adosinda olim regina, Giluira confessa…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[290].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Rudericus Guterriz, Osorius Guterriz…"[291].  "Ranimiro rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 3 Apr 945, witnessed by "…Rudericus Guteriz, Osorius Guteriz…"[292].  “...Ruderico Guterriz, Osorius Guterriz...” confirmed the charter dated 15 May 951 under which King Ordoño III donated "villa de Matella" to Sahagún[293]Condem ---.  The name of Rodrigo's wife is not known.  Rodrigo & his wife had three children: 

i)          SUERO Rodríguez

ii)         GUTIERRE Rodríguez

iii)        ROSENDO Rodríguez

e)         SUERO Gutiérrez .  “Solarius Guttiheriz, Roderico Guttiherriz, Hosorius Guttiheriz, Froyla Guttiherriz, Gunterodes abbatissa, Adosinda olim regina, Giluira confessa…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[294]Conde 941 986.  “El conde Suario Gutiérrez y la condesa doña Gontridi” donated property “la vila de Fradelo, en tierra de Castillós” to the monastery of San Vicente de Pombeiro (Lemos) by charter dated 2 Jan 935[295]m GONTRID, daughter of --- (-after 11 Jul 991).  “El conde Suario Gutiérrez y la condesa doña Gontridi” donated property “la vila de Fradelo, en tierra de Castillós” to the monastery of San Vicente de Pombeiro (Lemos) by charter dated 2 Jan 935[296]Gonzina” donated property to the monastery of Celanova, for the soul of ”viri mei Suari ducis et confessi”, by charter dated 11 Jul 991[297]

f)          MUNIO Gutiérrez

g)         FRUELA Gutiérrez (-after 941).  "Veremudus prolis regis, Froila Gotierriz" subscribed the charter dated 18 Nov 937 under which "Elduara" donated property to Lorvão[298].  “Solarius Guttiheriz, Roderico Guttiherriz, Hosorius Guttiheriz, Froyla Guttiherriz, Gunterodes abbatissa, Adosinda olim regina, Giluira confessa…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[299]Conde 941.  A charter dated 1 Oct 982 under which “Odoyno diacono” transferred the church of Santa Comba de Bande to Celanova monastery recalls donations by “comes Guttier Osoriz et filio suo Froila Gutieriz[300]m FLÁMULA, daughter of ---.  King Vermudo II donated property to Celanova by charter dated 1 Sep 996 which names “Froila Gutterriz et uxor eius Flamule” and their successor and child “Ildontie” who left “filiam Santia” who married “Osorius Didaci” who rebelled against the king and whose property was donated[301].  "Flaino Fernandiz et uxor mea domna Sancia" donated "villa que fuit de…comitissa domna Flamula…in loco…Turio" to León Cathedral by charter dated 28 Oct 1046[302].  Fruela & his wife had one child: 

i)          ILDONZA Fróilaz .  King Vermudo II donated property to Celanova by charter dated 1 Sep 996 which names “Froila Gutterriz et uxor eius Flamule” and their successor and child “Ildontie” who left “filiam Santia” who married “Osorius Didaci” who rebelled against the king and whose property was donated[303].  "Osorio Didaci" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 1 Sep 986, which names "Tegridia genetrix Osorio Didaci…uxor Osorio Didaci dive memorie Sanzie filie Sanctionis et Ildonze…Munnio Didaci abio uxoris Osorio Didaci"[304]m SANCHO Muñoz, son of MUNIO Díaz & his wife ---. 

h)         ELVIRA Gutiérrez .  “Solarius Guttiheriz, Roderico Guttiherriz, Hosorius Guttiheriz, Froyla Guttiherriz, Gunterodes abbatissa, Adosinda olim regina, Giluira confessa…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[305]

i)          ERMESINDA Gutiérrez .  A charter dated 1 Oct 982 under which “Odoyno diacono” transferred the church of Santa Comba de Bande to Celanova monastery records that “comes Ordonius Uelasquoz” gave “filio suo Guttier” to be brought up by Bishop Hermegildo and that “ipse Ordonius…cum coniuge sua Ermesinda” donated property[306].  935-992.  [307]m ORDOÑO Velásquez, son of VELASCO --- & his wife ---. 

2.         NUÑO Osóriz (-after 25 Aug 927).  "Sancius...rex" donated “Bustum...latere montis Luanie...Varganum” to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 25 Aug 927, subscribed by “Gundisaluus Betoniz, Gundesindus Eroni, Gundulfus Odori, Spasandus, Froila Menendiz, Guther Osoriz, Ordonius, Nunius Osorici, Arias Alvitiz, Cresconius[308]

 

 

HERMENEGILDO Gutiérrez, son of GUTIERRE --- & his wife Elvira --- (-after 912).  A charter dated 6 Jun 878 records judgment in the court of “domini...Adephonsi principis...vel judicum Gatoni et Hermigildi” confirmed the possession of “villa Vimineta”, populated by “comite Gaton” during the reign of “domni Ordonii[309].  [Mayordomo of Alfonso III King of Asturias, Galicia and León 25 Sep 883[310]: "…Ermegildus maiordomus…" subscribed the charter dated 25 Sep 883 under which "Adefonsus rex et Exemena regina" donated property to the church of Coimbra[311].  This entry could refer either to Hermenegildo Pérez or to Hermenegildo Gutiérrez.  Torres suggests that Hermenegildo Gutiérrez was charged by Alfonso III King of León with the repopulation of Coimbra[312].  However, the identification of the colonist of Coimbra presumably depends on the correct identification of the subscriber of the charter dated 25 Sep 883.]  He helped to crush the rebellio of Conde Witiza against King Alfonso III and was awarded the rebel's territories in compensation[313]Conde [de Tuy y Portugal]: the Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition), after quoting Papal correspondence relating to Santiago de Compostela, records a council held in Oviedo dated 7 May 899 in the presence of all the bishops and “Alvarus Lunensis comes, Veremundus Legionensis comes, Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes, Veremundus Torrensis comes, Berotus in Deza comes, Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes, Arias filius eius Eminio comes, Pelagius Breganciæ comes, Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes, Silus Prucii comes, Erus in Lugo comes[314].  The territorial attributions are atypical of contemporary documentation which suggests that the charter is spurious.  However, many of the names are recognizable as noblemen who are recorded at that time in other documents.  “...Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes...” presumably refers to Hermenegildo Gutiérrez.  Torres highlights that no other documentary evidence supports this territorial attribution[315].  He witnessed the 912 donation of his son-in-law Ordoño II King of León to the church of Santiago de Compostela[316]

m ERMESINDA Gatóniz, daughter of GATÓN Ramírez & his wife Egilona ---.  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo and specifies that he was son of “domne Ermesende comitisse[317]

Hermenegildo Gutiérrez & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         GUTIERRE Menéndez (-933).  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo and specifies that he was son of “domne Ermesende comitisse[318].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Mar 934 under which “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” (her children) agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde[319]Conde

-        see below

2.         ARIAS Menéndez (-before 924).  "…Gutier Menendiz, Arias Menendiz, Flaginus Didaz…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Jun [892] under which Ranulfo Bishop of Astorga donated the church of Villanueva de Valdueza to San Pedro de Montes[320]Conde [de Minho]: the Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition), after quoting Papal correspondence relating to Santiago de Compostela, records a council held in Oviedo dated 7 May 899 in the presence of all the bishops and “Alvarus Lunensis comes, Veremundus Legionensis comes, Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes, Veremundus Torrensis comes, Berotus in Deza comes, Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes, Arias filius eius Eminio comes, Pelagius Breganciæ comes, Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes, Silus Prucii comes, Erus in Lugo comes[321].  The territorial attributions are atypical of contemporary documentation which suggests that the charter is spurious.  However, many of the names are recognizable as noblemen who are recorded at that time in other documents.  “...Arias filius eius Eminio comes...” presumably refers to Arias Menéndez.  "…Guter Osoriz, Guter Menendi, Arias Menendiz, Flaginus Didaz, Fredinandus Didaz…" confirmed the charter dated 24 Apr [918], probably spurious, under which "Ordonius rex et Giloria regina" donated el Coto de Valdueza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes[322].  “Guttier Menendiz, Gutier Osoriz, Teton Lucidi, Arias Menediz...” confirmed the charter dated 18 May 919 under which King Ordoño II donated "busto...in montibus...Arbolis" to “Cixilano episcopo” and the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián[323].  He was appointed governor of the county of Coimbra [Eminio] by Alfonso III King of León[324].  A charter dated 942, under which Ramiro II King of Leon appointed Fruela Gutiérrez to the control of territories including Caldelas, records that “pater tuus sive et Arias Menendiz” had earlier controlled the same territories[325]m ERMESINDA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Jun 962 under which “Giloyra” donated property inherited “inter germanos meos” from “genitoris et genitricis mee Ariani ducis et Hermesinde auctrix cometisse” to Celanova[326]same person as …? ERMESINDA Gundesíndez, daughter of GUNDESINDO Eriz & his wife Enderquina Menéndez.  This co-identity is proposed by Mattoso[327].  However, even setting aside the chronological difficulties (the paternal grandfather of Ermesinda Gundesíndez, Ero Fernández, who died in 925 was probably the contemporary of Arias who was already Conde in 888), Arias Menéndez would have been the maternal uncle of Ermesinda Gutiérrez (although examples of uncle/niece marriages are not unknown).  Arias & his wife had [three or more] children: 

a)         GUNTERICO Arias m GONTRODO González, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 8 Oct 988 under which her granddaughter “Uelasquita confessa, prolis Rudericus et Adosinde” donated property “la vila de Feá” to the monastery of Santa María de Mezonzo, for the souls of “viri nostri Munneonis…avia nostra diue memorie domne Gunterotis” (having inherited the property from the latter)[328].  Gunterico & his wife had one child: 

i)          ADOSINDA Gunterícez .  Her name, and her mother´s name, are confirmed by the charter dated 8 Oct 988 under which her daughter “Uelasquita confessa, prolis Rudericus et Adosinde” donated property “la vila de Feá” to the monastery of Santa María de Mezonzo, for the souls of “viri nostri Munneonis…avia nostra diue memorie domne Gunterotis” (having inherited the property from the latter)[329]m as his first wife, RODRIGO Velásquez, son of VELASCO --- & his wife Trudilde --- (-[17 Jan 977/23 Oct 978]). 

b)         ELVIRA Arias (-after 11 Jun 962).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 11 Jun 962 under which “Giloyra” donated property inherited “inter germanos meos” from “genitoris et genitricis mee Ariani ducis et Hermesinde auctrix cometisse” to Celanova for the soul of “viri mei Munnionis”, confirmed by “Arias episcopus” who names the donor “mee genitricis[330]m her first cousin, conde MUNIO Gutiérrez, son of conde GUTIERRE Menéndez & his wife Ilduara Eriz (-[959/60]). 

c)         one or more other children.  Their existence is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Jun 962 under which “Giloyra” donated property inherited “inter germanos meos” from “genitoris et genitricis mee Ariani ducis et Hermesinde auctrix cometisse” to Celanova[331]

3.         ALDONZA Menéndez (-after 26 Sep 942).  “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova by charter dated 9 Jan 941[332].  “…Amita supra memorati…episcopi Yldonzia” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[333]m her first cousin, conde GUTIERRE Osóriz, son of OSORIO Gutiérrez & his wife --- (-after 941). 

4.         ELVIRA Menéndez (-[8 Sep/Oct] 921).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife Elvira´s sister "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe"[334].  This document, if correctly dated, also provides an indication of the approximate date of her marriage.  “Hordonius Rex ac Gelvira Regina” donated property to the church of Santiago by charter “IV Kal Feb” dated to 915[335].  Elvira´s parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 16 Aug 929 under which “Adefonsus rex” granted the government of various commisas to “tio nostro domno Gutierre”, who was her son[336].  "Ordonius rex et Giloria regina" donated el Coto de Valdueza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes by charter dated 24 Apr [918][337].  "Ordonius princeps et uxor Gelvira regina" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 25 May 920, subscribed by their children "Sanzo, Adefonso principi, Ranemiro, Xemena"[338].  "Hordonis rex et Gilvira regina" confirmed the possessions of the monastery of Santa Eugenia de Calaberas by charter dated 20 Feb 921, subscribed by "Sanzo prolis regis, Adefonsus, Ranimirus, Scemena, Garsea"[339].  "Ordonius rex et Gelvira regina" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 1 Mar 921, subscribed by "Sanzio prolis regis, Adefonsus, Ranimirus, Froila"[340].  The Cronica de Sampiro records the death of "reginam dominam Geluiram" after "rex…Ordonius" enjoyed a series of victories against the Muslims, capturing the castles of "Sarmalon, Eliph, Palmacio, et Castellon, et Magnanza"[341]m ([894/96]) as his [first/second] wife, ORDOÑO II King of León, son of ALFONSO III "el Magno" King of Asturias, Galicia and León & his wife Jimena de Pamplona ([873]-Jan 924).. 

5.         ENDERQUINA Menéndez "Pala" (-before [947]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe", names their children "filius…Suarius, Ermesinda et Adosinda et Froilo…cum infirmidate nata", records his foundation of churches "inter Durio et Uauga in villa Acibeto…in villa Sanganeto…", and that he committed "filia mea Froilo" to "domna Geluira abatisisa"[342]m GUNDESINDO Eriz, son of conde ERO Fernández & his first wife Aldonza --- (-after [947]). 

6.         [GUDILONA Menéndez (-[before 26 Sep 942]).  "Lucidus…cum consensus uxoris mee Gudilone" donated property "in villa…Fremoseli" to Bishop Gomado by charter dated 1 Oct 915[343].  De Almeida Fernandes suggests her parentage, although Mattoso emphasises that there is no proof that it is correct[344].  However, four of her supposed sons “…Teodericus Lucidi comes et dux, Rudericus Lucidi comes et dux…Aloytus Lucidi comes et dux…Soharius Lucidi comes et dux…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova, named together in a column which includes the second grouping of lay confirmants, after the column in which the members of the bishop´s immediate family are named[345].  If this parentage is correct, Gudilona must have died before the date of this charter as her supposed sister Aldonza is named in the first column of confirmants.  m LUCIDIO Vímaraz, son of VIMARA Pérez & his wife --- (-after 922).] 

 

 

GUTIERRE Menéndez, son of HERMENEGILDO Gutiérrez & his wife Ermesinda Gatóniz (-933)"…Gutier Menendiz, Arias Menendiz, Flaginus Didaz…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Jun [892] under which Ranulfo Bishop of Astorga donated the church of Villanueva de Valdueza to San Pedro de Montes[346].  “...Sisegutus Petriz, Recemirus cognomenta Albofetæ, Guterius Menendiz...” confirmed the charter dated 3 Feb [912] under which King García I donated "castro...Fano" to the monastery of San Cipriano [de Valdesaz][347].  "…Lucidus Uimarani, Gutherre Menendiz, Gutherre Osoriz, Armentarius Siloni…" subscribed the charter dated 20 Jan 917 under which Ordoño II King of León donated “villis in territorio Gallecie...Cella Paruio et Paiaragio” to Santiago de Compostela[348].  "…Guter Osoriz, Guter Menendi, Arias Menendiz, Flaginus Didaz, Fredinandus Didaz…" confirmed the charter dated 24 Apr [918], probably spurious, under which "Ordonius rex et Giloria regina" donated el Coto de Valdueza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes[349].  “Guttier Menendiz, Gutier Osoriz, Teton Lucidi, Arias Menediz...” confirmed the charter dated 18 May 919 under which King Ordoño II donated "busto...in montibus...Arbolis" to “Cixilano episcopo” and the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián[350].  "Garseani…rex…cum congugie mea Muma doma regina" donated certain the town of Mutarraf to Eslonza monastery by charter dated 13 May 923 (presumably misdated), confirmed by "Ranimirus, Urraca regina…Gutierre Memendiz, Sesebutus Petri…"[351]Conde, he governed six counties in Galicia granted to him by Alfonso IV King of León[352].  "…Didacus Crenandiz, Gundisaluus Bettotiz, Guter Menendez comes, Gutier Osoriiz, Theudericus Lucidi, Tellus Bettotiz, Menendus Menendez, Scemenus Didaci, Sisandus Didaci" subscribed the charter dated 17 Sep 924 under which King Fruela II donated “conmisso de Montanos” to Santiago de Compostela[353].  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo and specifies that he was son of “domne Ermesende comitisse[354].  King Alfonso IV donated “senra...in ueica de Stola” to the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián by charter dated 15 Mar 930, confirmed by “...Titon Lucidi, Guttiher Menendiz, Pelagio Tetoni, Sarracenus Nunnizzi, Didaco Romanizzi...Guttiher Osoriz[355]His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Mar 934 under which “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” (her children) agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde[356].  

m ILDUARA Eriz, daughter of ERO Fernández & his first wife Adosinda --- (-958).  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[357].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Mar 934 under which “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” (her children) agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde[358]

Gutierre Menéndez & his wife had five children: 

1.         MUNIO Gutiérrez (-[959/60])Conde 911-955.  He took part in the delimitation of the territories of Braga and Dume for Alfonso III "el Magno" King of León in 911[359].  "…Nunus Guter, Lucidus Vimarine, Didacus Federnandici, Gundisaluus Betonice...Gundisaluus, Guincaluus Ferdinandiz, Federnandus Ansuriz, Gudesteus…" subscribed the charter dated to [922] which records an agreement between the bishops of Lugo and Santiago “pro commissos Prucios et Visancos[360].  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[361].  “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde” by charter dated 11 Mar 934[362].  "Ranimirus rex" donated "la villa de Pinies en tierra de Salnés", which "genitore nostro dive memorie domino Ordonio principi" had granted to "congermano nostro Munius Gutierri", to "cognate nostre domine Gotho regina et Deo vota…in cenobio Castrello" by charter dated 947[363].  The relationship "congermano" between King Ramiro and Munio Gutiérrez has not yet been traced.  m his first cousin, ELVIRA Arias, daughter of conde ARIAS Menéndez & his wife Ermesinda Gundesíndiz (-after 11 Jun 962).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 11 Jun 962 under which “Giloyra” donated property inherited “inter germanos meos” from “genitoris et genitricis mee Ariani ducis et Hermesinde auctrix cometisse” to Celanova for the soul of “viri mei Munnionis”, confirmed by “Arias episcopus” (who names the donor “mee genitricis”) and “…Guttier Munioni, Hermesinde Munioni…[364].  Munio & his wife had six children: 

a)         GUTIERRE Muñoz (-[999]).  “…Guttier Munioni, Hermesinde Munioni…” confirmed the charter dated 11 Jun 962 under which “Giloyra” donated property inherited “inter germanos meos” from “genitoris et genitricis mee Ariani ducis et Hermesinde auctrix cometisse” to Celanova for the soul of “viri mei Munnionis”, although the document does not state their relationship to the donor[365].  'Gutierre Muñiz' is named in Portugal from 974 to 999 although Torres doubts whether this is the same person because of the longevity this would imply[366].  Mattoso[367] assumes that it is the same person.  Bearing in mind the dates of death of Gutierre's parents, and the likely death dates of his brother Gonzalo and his sister Elvira, it does appear that this family was particularly long-lived.  "Munniu Gundissalbiz" donated "medietate de villa…Sancta Columba", which was "de abios nostros Aloytus et Munnia", to Lorvão by charter dated 22 Jul 985, confirmed by "Gutier Munniuz"[368]m ---.  The name of Gutierre's wife is not known.  Gutierre & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [NUÑO Gutiérrez (-after 24 Jun 1032).  King Vermudo III granted “ereditate...in villa Hale...non longe de castro Solanzo” to “Nunno Gutierz” by charter dated 24 Jun 1032[369]Maybe the same person as NUÑO de Celanova[370].] 

b)         ARIAS Muñoz (-973).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Jun 962 under which “Giloyra” donated property inherited “inter germanos meos” from “genitoris et genitricis mee Ariani ducis et Hermesinde auctrix cometisse” to Celanova for the soul of “viri mei Munnionis”, confirmed by “Arias episcopus” who names the donor “mee genitricis[371]Conde.  Bishop of Dumio 948/956[372]

c)         GOTO Muñoz (-after 1 Mar 963).  “Sancius...Domini Ordonii genitus” granted property to the church of Santiago by charter “XI Kal Dec” dated to 927, confirmed by “Goto Regina[373].  “Santius rex et Goto regina” granted property to Odoario by charter dated 20 Feb 928[374].  “Ansuario” donated property to “domino nostro et…rex domno Santius…Gallecie princeps…et domina nostra…Goto regina” by charter dated 10 Jun 929[375].  "Ranimirus rex" donated "la villa de Pinies en tierra de Salnés", which "genitore nostro dive memorie domino Ordonio principi" had granted to "congermano nostro Munius Gutierri", to "cognate nostre domine Gotho regina et Deo vota…in cenobio Castrello" by charter dated 947[376]La reina y confesa Goto, hija de Munio” donated property “situado bajo la ´Penna Polumbaria´, en el puerto de Pombeiro” to the monastery of San Vicente de Pombeiro (Lemos) by charter dated 1 Mar 963[377]m (before 927) SANCHO Ordóñez, son of ORDOÑO II King of León & his first wife Elvira Menéndez ([890/93] or later-929). 

d)         ERMESINDA Muñoz (-after 962).  “…Guttier Munioni, Hermesinde Munioni…” confirmed the charter dated 11 Jun 962 under which “Giloyra” donated property inherited “inter germanos meos” from “genitoris et genitricis mee Ariani ducis et Hermesinde auctrix cometisse” to Celanova for the soul of “viri mei Munnionis”, although the document does not state their relationship to the donor[378]

e)         ELVIRA Muñoz (-after 986).  She confirmed a sale of property in Guilhabreu in 986[379]

f)          GONZALO Muñoz (-[982/84]).  Mattoso emphasises the absence of proof that Gonzalo Muñoz was the son of Munio Gutiérrez, which is based on a theory proposed by Azevedo[380].  However, the donation of his supposed son Munio González was confirmed by Gutierre Muñoz, the role which could reasonably have been performed by his deceased father´s older brother.  Conde 928.  Conde de Coimbra.  The following charter indicates that Gonzalo plotted against King Ramiro II: “Ranimirus rex et Urracha regina et prolis eius Ordonius regis” donated "villa...Perales et Volpiare et Villa Rezmiro secundum obtinuit illas Gundisalbo Moniz" to Vega by charter dated 24 Sep 946[381].  The Cronica de Sampiro records that "Gundissalvus…dux…ultra flumen Dorii" poisoned Sancho I King of León who was trying to exact tribute[382].  He plotted against King Ramiro III, sent ambassadors to Córdoba and supported the claims of the future king Vermudo II[383]m his first cousin, MUNIADOMNA Fróilaz, daughter of conde FRUELA Gutiérrez & his wife Sarracina ---.  She is named "Amunne" in the charters dated 22 Jul 985 and 21 Sep 988 which are quoted below.  She is named "Toda Domna" in the charter dated 6 Apr 994 of her son "Froila prolix Gundisaluo Munneonis et Toda Domna", which also confirms her parentage as it also names "abia mea domna Sarracina"[384].  Gonzalo & his wife had three children: 

i)          MUNIO González (-after 21 Sep 988).  "Munniu Gundissalbiz" donated "medietate de villa…Sancta Columba", which was "de abios nostros Aloytus et Munnia", to Lorvão by charter dated 22 Jul 985, confirmed by "Gutier Munniuz"[385].  "Houecco Garseani comes" donated "villa…Castrello…[que] transit ribulo Mortalego" to Lorvão, for the souls of "defunctorum Amunne et Gudine cui beate memorie", by charter dated 22 Jul 985, confirmed by "Munio Gundisaluiz quod cognatus meus fecit pro anime genitricis vel iermane mee"[386].  "Munniu Gundisaluiz" donated "villa…Castrello…[que] transit ribulo Mortalego" to Lorvão, for the souls of "defunctorum meorum Amunne et Gutine cui beate memorie", by charter dated 21 Sep 988, confirmed by "Houevus comes, Gutierre Muniz…"[387]

ii)         GOTINA González (-before 22 Jul 985).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 22 Jul 985 under which (her husband) "Houecco Garseani comes" donated "villa…Castrello…[que] transit ribulo Mortalego" to Lorvão, for the souls of "defunctorum Amunne et Gudine cui beate memorie", by charter dated 22 Jul 985, confirmed by "Munio Gundisaluiz quod cognatus meus fecit pro anime genitricis vel iermane mee"[388]m OVECO García, son of GARCÍA --- & his wife ---.  "Giloira Ranimiri principis filia" donated property to the monastery of Sahagún by charter dated 4 Apr 970, confirmed by "…Ovecco Garseani…"[389].  He appears in the region of Coimbra between 974 and 988, in particular as benefactor of the monastery of Lorvão[390]Conde.  "Houecco Garseani comes" donated "villa…Castrello…[que] transit ribulo Mortalego" to Lorvão, for the souls of "defunctorum Amunne et Gudine cui beate memorie", by charter dated 22 Jul 985, confirmed by "Munio Gundisaluiz quod cognatus meus fecit pro anime genitricis vel iermane mee"[391]

iii)        FRUELA González (-after 30 Jan 1018).  "Froila prolix Gundisaluo Munneonis et Toda Domna" donated property "in villa Sumlani et Baquini subtus alpe Mons Gundemari…prope fluvio Dorio territorio Portugal", which was held by "Nandulfo et uxori sue Gundisalba Gundiuado et uxori sue Senior…" and naming "abia mea domna Sarracina", by charter dated 6 Apr 994[392].  He was one of the condes Gallegos who supported Ibn Abu Amir and captured Santiago de Compostela in 997.  He was also the ally of Almanzor.  "Froila prolis Gundisalbus Muneonis" donated "villa…Villanova suburbio Colimbrie iuxta monte Buzzako" to Vaccariça monastery, for the souls of "parentum meorum Gundisalbus Muneonis et Tuta Domna", by charter dated 18 May 1006[393].  He was expelled from the Castillo de Montemor in Galicia in 1017 by Alfonso V King of León[394].  "Froila Gundesaluiz…Tuta Domna" donated "villas…de Ezebrario usque in Uauga et Angre" to Vaccariça monastery, and "comitissam…Tuta Domna" donated similar properties which were "de ipse congermano nostro domni Frolani", by charter dated 30 Jan 1018[395]m ---.  The name of Fruela's wife is not known.  Fruela & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       GONZALO Froílaz (-after 1037).  Conde.  "Comite Gundisaluo filius Froila et uxori mee Ermesenda filia Fredenandu et Ieloira" sold "hereditate nostra…in villa Rrial…territorium Portugalense" by charter dated 15 Mar 1037[396]m ERMESINDA Fernández, daughter of conde FERNANDO Sendíniz & his wife Elvira --- (-after 1 Apr 1048).  "Comite Gundisaluo filius Froila et uxori mee Ermesenda filia Fredenandu et Ieloira" sold "hereditate nostra…in villa Rrial…territorium Portugalense" by charter dated 15 Mar 1037[397]"Sarracina deovota prolix Fredenamdo" sold property "in villa…Gemumdi terridorio Portugalemsis" by charter dated 1 Apr 1048, confirmed by "Ermesinda prolix Fredenamdo, Exemena prolix Fredenando"[398]

(b)       [RODRIGO Fróilaz As noted in the Introduction to Chapter 11, Sáez proposed that Rodrigo Fróilaz, apparent ancestor of the Traba family, was the possible son of conde Fruela González & his wife ---[399], but this proposal is inconsistent with the chronology of the charters which are quoted in that chapter.

2.         San ROSENDO Gutiérrez (-after 17 Jan 977).  The Vita Sancti Rudesindi names "pater eius Gutierre Menendez, mater eius Ilduara" as the parents of "Rudesindus ex genere…nobilitatis Gallæciæ et Portugaliæ"[400]Patruina” donated “villas...in territorio Asturiense...Parias...Edia...quinta racione qui fuit de iermano nostro dive memorie domno Sauarigo episcopo” to [his sister´s grandson] “nepto meo domno Rudesindo episcopo” by charter dated 25 Jun 927[401]A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[402].  Bishop of Mondoñedo.  Founder of the monastery of Celanova[403].  “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde” by charter dated 11 Mar 934[404].  Bishop Rosendo conceded the monastery of Celanova to his successor by charter dated 17 Jan 977[405]

3.         FRUELA Gutiérrez (-after 943).  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[406].  “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde” by charter dated 11 Mar 934[407].  “Froyla et uxor mea Sarracina” donated property, for the souls of “genitorum meorum Guttiheris et Ylduare”, for the construction of Celanova monastery by “germanis meis domni Rudesindi episcopi” by charter dated 12 Sep 936[408]Conde, Named as astoricensis comes in 941[409].  He succeeded to the territories of his uncle Arias Menéndez[410]m SARRACINA, daughter of --- (-after 26 Sep 942).  “Froyla et uxor mea Sarracina” donated property, for the souls of “genitorum meorum Guttiheris et Ylduare”, for the construction of Celanova monastery by “germanis meis domni Rudesindi episcopi” by charter dated 12 Sep 936[411].  “…Sarracina…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[412].  Fruela & his wife had two children: 

a)         MUNIADOMNA Fróilaz .  She is named "Amunne" in the charters dated 22 Jul 985 and 21 Sep 988 which are quoted below.  She is named "Toda Domna" in the charter dated 6 Apr 994 of her son "Froila prolix Gundisaluo Munneonis et Toda Domna", which also confirms her parentage as it also names "abia mea domna Sarracina"[413]m her first cousin, conde GONZALO Muñoz, conde de Coimbra, son of MUNIO Gutiérrez & his wife Elvira Arias (-[982/84]).   

b)         ---.  m ---.  One child: 

i)          TODA (-after 30 Jan 1018).  A charter dated 21 Dec 1014 records a dispute involving "villa de Villacova" donated by "comitissa domna Tuta" which was heard before "illa comitissa et comites Rudesindo Gonsaluit et Nuno Menendiz et Gonsaluo Menendiz Ranimior Menendiz et Gutierre Roderici", naming "comite domno Gundisalbo et…coniugem suam domna Ermesinda", confirmed by "Froila Gutieriz, Munio Menendiz, Tuta domna, Ildunza Menendi, Pelagius Didaz, Ordonius Guteiert, Ouevo Ennegot…"[414].  "Froila Gundesaluiz…Tuta Domna" donated "villas…de Ezebrario usque in Uauga et Angre" to Vaccariça monastery, and "comitissam…Tuta Domna" donated similar properties which were "de ipse congermano nostro domni Frolani", by charter dated 30 Jan 1018[415].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 15 Nov 1028 under which her grandson "Ueremudus proles Adefonsi principis et Geluire regine" donated "villam meam…Cordario que fuit avorum et parentum meorum Menendi et dne Tote" to Santiago de Compostela[416]m MENENDO González, son of GONZALO Menéndez & his wife Ilduara Peláez (-1008). 

4.         ADOSINDA Gutiérrez (-after [981/88]).  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[417]Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde” by charter dated 11 Mar 934[418].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Feb 949 under which “Scemenus et uxori mee Adosinde” exchanged property with “iermano nostro et pontifici nostro Rudesindo episcopo[419].  Her parentage is further confirmed by the charter dated 25 Aug 951 under which “Scemenus et Adosinda” donated property to Celanova “iermano nostro et pontifici nostro Rudesindo episcopo” which is signed by “Scemenus Didaci et Onnice prolis, Adosinda Guttierrici et Ilduare prolis[420].  "Adosinda prolix Guttier et Ilduare" granted "villas…Moraria et Castineira" to "Gunsalbo Menendiz et uxor tue Ilduare", naming "viro meo dive memorie Ranimirus Menendi", by charter dated 17 Oct 964, subscribed by "Didacus Menendi, Arias Menendi…"[421].  "Gundisalbus filii Ermegildi et Mummadomne" donated property "in ripa Arrogio…", held by "frater meus Ranemirus et eius uxor Adosinde", to Vimeiro by charter dated 10 Dec 968[422].  "Gundisalvus" donated property to Vimeiro, including property shared with "mea cognata Adosinda post decessu germani mei Ranimiri" by charter dated 983[423]m firstly (before 9 Feb 949) JIMENO Díaz, son of DIEGO Fernández & his wife Oneca [Jiménez] (-[12 Nov 961/962]).  m secondly ([962/63]) RAMIRO Menéndez, son of HERMENEGILDO González & his wife Muniadomna Díaz (-[963/17 Oct 964]). 

5.         ERMESINDA Gutiérrez (-[before 26 Sep 942]).  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[424].  “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde” by charter dated 11 Mar 934[425].  “…Pelagius Gundisalui…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[426], which suggests that his wife had died before this date.  m conde PELAYO González, son of GONZALO Betótiz & his wife Teresa Eriz (-959). 

6.         --- .  The identity of the parents of these two children is not known, but Teresa names Gutierre and Ilduara as "avios meos" in the charter dated 1000 which is quoted below.  m ---.  Two children: 

a)         TERESA (-after 1000).  "Tarasia Deovota" confirmed privileges granted by "avios meos Gutier et Ilduare" to settlers in Presares by charter dated 1000, which specifies the division of property made after the death of "domini Gutier" by "domina Elduara cum suis suprinis et neptis Arias Aloitiz…eius filius tius noster dominus Rudesindus episcopus", the fraud committed by "una ex subrinis nostris…Gudilone…cum fratre nostro Savarigo" and "comes Suarius Gundemariz…cum alia nostra subrina coniux eius…Gunzina"[427]

b)         SAVARICO .  "Tarasia Deovota" confirmed privileges granted by "avios meos Gutier et Ilduare" to settlers in Presares by charter dated 1000, which specifies the division of property made after the death of "domini Gutier" by "domina Elduara cum suis suprinis et neptis Arias Aloitiz…eius filius tius noster dominus Rudesindus episcopus", the fraud committed by "una ex subrinis nostris…Gudilone…cum fratre nostro Savarigo" and "comes Suarius Gundemariz…cum alia nostra subrina coniux eius…Gunzina"[428]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    FAMILY of ARIAS TETÓNIZ

 

 

The origins of this family can be reconstructed from the records of the monastery of Sobrado, which set out the ancestry of Urraca Fróilaz, first wife of Pedro Fróilaz de Traba. 

 

 

1.         ARIAS Tetóniz m ---.  The name of Arias's wife is not known.  Arias & his wife had one child: 

a)         FRUELA Arias Condem ARDIO Díaz, daughter of DIEGO Gutiérrez & his wife ---.  An undated charter names “Ardiu Diat et Azenda Diat” as the children of “Didaco Guter”, son of “Guter Roderiquit”, adding that “Ardiu Diat” was the wife of “comitis domni Froyle[429]Fruela & his wife had one child: 

i)          URRACA Fróilaz An undated charter names “Urraca Froyle que fuit uxor comitis domni Petri” as the child of “Ardiu Diat” and her husband “comitis domni Froyle[430]"Petrus […Froilaz] et comes et cometessa Gunterede Ruderiquiz" donated "Nemenio", part of which belonged to "comes Froila Arias" who gave it to "sua filia donna Urraca qui fuit mea mulier" who left "meos filios et suos" one of whom "Froila Petriz" died, to the monastery of Santo Tomé de Nemeño by charter dated 6 May 1105[431][432]m firstly ARIAS ---.  m secondly (before 12 Aug 1088) as his first wife, PEDRO Fróilaz de Traba, son of FRUELA Vermúdez & his wife Elvira de Faro (-before 3 May 1126).  Urraca & her first husband had one child:

(a)       FRUELA Arias

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    FAMILY of VIMARA PÉREZ

 

 

VIMARA Pérez, son of --- (-Coruña, Galicia 873).  Conde in 868.  Alfonso III King of Leon charged him with the repopulation of Braga[433]

m ---.  The name of Vimara's wife is not known. 

Vimara & his wife had one child:

1.         LUCIDIO Vímaraz (-after 922).  There is no documentary proof that Lucidio was the son of Vimara Pérez, but the unusual patronymic indicates that this is probably correct301.  "…Pelagius comes, Froila comes, Lucidius comes, Erus Fredernandi, Ascarius, Petrus, Munio Muniz comes, Osorio comes, Gundesaluus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 899 under which Alfonso III King of Asturias consecrated the church of Santiago de Compostela[434].  Tenente of part of Lugo in 910.  "…Lucidus, Nunus, Didacus, Munius, Sarracenus...Oduarius, Froila, Vimara, Auriolus…" subscribed the charter dated 30 Jan 915 under which Ordoño II King of León donated “villiam...Cornelianam territorio Gallecie” to Santiago de Compostela[435].  "Lucidus…cum consensus uxoris mee Gudilone" donated property "in villa…Fremoseli" to Bishop Gomado by charter dated 1 Oct 915[436].  "…Lucidus Uimarani, Gutherre Menendiz, Gutherre Osoriz, Armentarius Siloni…" subscribed the charter dated 20 Jan 917 under which Ordoño II King of León donated “villis in territorio Gallecie...Cella Paruio et Paiaragio” to Santiago de Compostela[437].  He was charged with the repopulation of Oporto.  "…Nunus Guter, Lucidus Vimarine, Didacus Federnandici, Gundisaluus Betonice...Gundisaluus, Guincaluus Ferdinandiz, Federnandus Ansuriz, Gudesteus…" subscribed the charter dated to [922] which records an agreement between the bishops of Lugo and Santiago “pro commissos Prucios et Visancos[438].  "Lucidius Vimarani" is last recorded 12 Jun 922 with Ordoño II King of León in a document relating to the Crestuma[439]m GUDILONA [Menéndez], daughter of [HERMENEGILDO Gutiérrez & his wife Ermesinda Gatóniz] (-[before 26 Sep 942]).  "Lucidus…cum consensus uxoris mee Gudilone" donated property "in villa…Fremoseli" to Bishop Gomado by charter dated 1 Oct 915[440].  De Almeida Fernandes suggests her parentage, although Mattoso emphasises that there is no proof that it is correct[441].  However, four of her supposed sons “…Teodericus Lucidi comes et dux, Rudericus Lucidi comes et dux…Aloytus Lucidi comes et dux…Soharius Lucidi comes et dux…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova, named together in a column which includes the second grouping of lay confirmants, after the column in which the members of the bishop´s immediate family are named[442].  If this parentage is correct, Gudilona must have died before the date of this charter as her supposed sister Aldonza is named in the first column of confirmants.  Lucidio & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         [TEODERICO Lucídez (-after 26 Sep 942).  [“Guttier Menendiz, Gutier Osoriz, Teton Lucidi, Arias Menediz...” confirmed the charter dated 18 May 919 under which King Ordoño II donated "busto...in montibus...Arbolis" to “Cixilano episcopo” and the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián[443].  It is not certain whether “Teton Lucidi” was the same person as Teoderico Lucídez.]  "…Didacus Crenandiz, Gundisaluus Bettotiz, Guter Menendez comes, Gutier Osoriiz, Theudericus Lucidi, Tellus Bettotiz, Menendus Menendez, Scemenus Didaci, Sisandus Didaci" subscribed the charter dated 17 Sep 924 under which King Fruela II donated “conmisso de Montanos” to Santiago de Compostela[444].  [King Alfonso IV donated “senra...in ueica de Stola” to the monastery of San Cosme and San Damián by charter dated 15 Mar 930, confirmed by “...Titon Lucidi, Guttiher Menendiz, Pelagio Tetoni, Sarracenus Nunnizzi, Didaco Romanizzi...Guttiher Osoriz[445].]  …Teodericus Lucidi comes et dux, Rudericus Lucidi comes et dux, Nunus Hosoriz comes et dux, Aloytus Lucidi comes et dux… Soharius Lucidi comes et dux…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[446].  Son of Lucidio Vímaraz according to Sáez, although Mattoso comments that he does not appear in the Portuguese documentation[447].] 

b)         [RODRIGO Lucídez (-after 26 Sep 942).  ...Rudericus Lucidi...” confirmed the charter dated 3 Jul 935 under which King Ramiro II donated "ecclesias...inter Euue et Masma" to the church of León[448]Conde…Teodericus Lucidi comes et dux, Rudericus Lucidi comes et dux, Nunus Hosoriz comes et dux, Aloytus Lucidi comes et dux… Soharius Lucidi comes et dux…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[449].] 

c)         [ALOITO Lucídez (-after 956).  “…Teodericus Lucidi comes et dux, Rudericus Lucidi comes et dux, Nunus Hosoriz comes et dux, Aloytus Lucidi comes et dux… Soharius Lucidi comes et dux…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[450].] 

-        see below

d)         [SUERO Lucídez (-after 26 Sep 942).  “…Teodericus Lucidi comes et dux, Rudericus Lucidi comes et dux, Nunus Hosoriz comes et dux, Aloytus Lucidi comes et dux… Soharius Lucidi comes et dux…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[451].] 

e)         [VERMUDO Lucídez (-after 22 Feb 926).  "Aloitus Lucidi, Fredenandus Ouecoz, Fredenandus Alderotiz, Lucidus Aloitis, Froila Gundesindi…Didacus Fernandit conf, Gundesindus Eroni, Ueremudus Lucidi conf…" subscribed the charter dated 22 Feb 926 under which "Ranemirus" [brother of Alfonso IV King of Leon] granted "villa…Crexemir" {Creixomil} to "Ermegildus et Mummadomna"[452].  If it is correct that Vermudo Lucídez was the brother of Aloito Lucídez, his position in the list of subscribers suggests that he was younger.] 

 

 

ALOITO Lucídez, son of [LUCIDIO Vímaraz & his wife Gudilona] [Menéndez] (-after 956)Named in the 915 document in which his supposed father is also named.  “…Alloitus Lucidi…” witnessed the charter dated 21 Oct 923 under which Ordoño II King of León restored the monastery of Santa Coloma in Rioja[453].  "Aloitus Lucidi, Fredenandus Ouecoz, Fredenandus Alderotiz, Lucidus Aloitis, Froila Gundesindi…Didacus Fernandit, Gundesindus Eroni, Ueremudus Lucidi…" subscribed the charter dated 22 Feb 926 under which "Ranemirus" [brother of Alfonso IV King of Leon] granted "villa…Crexemir" {Creixomil} to "Ermegildus et Mummadomna"[454]…Teodericus Lucidi comes et dux, Rudericus Lucidi comes et dux, Nunus Hosoriz comes et dux, Aloytus Lucidi comes et dux… Soharius Lucidi comes et dux…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[455].  ["…Ueremundus rex, Aloito Lucidi…Lucidus Aloitiz…" subscribed the charter dated 18 May 952 (must be redated to before 950) under which "Ranemirus…princeps" [Ramiro II King of Leon] granted "villa nostra propria Mellares" to "Mummadomna"[456].  The anachronistic reference to "Ueremundus rex" suggests that the document is spurious.]  "Munius Adefonsi, Attanus Froianiz, Afila Baroncelli, Aboleetha ibendecember, Fredenandus Muniniz, Menendus Gundisaluiz, Aloitus Lucidi, Arias Aloitiz..." subscribed the undated charter under “Sancius...princeps” confirmed the donation of “conmisso de Montanos” made by “avio meo...dnm Froilanem principem[457]

m MUNIA Díaz, daughter of DIEGO Fernández & his wife Oneca --- (-after [973]).  "Honecca…cum filiis meis Munna, Ledegundia, Exemenus et Mummadonna" donated property to the monastery of Lorvão by charter dated 5 Dec 928, subscribed by "Honneca, Munnia, Ledegundia, Exemenus Didaz, Mummadomna, Aloytus Lucidi, Roderigus Tedoniz, Ermegildus Gundisaluiz, Gundesindus Didaz…"[458].  The order of the names of the subscribers suggests that the husbands of the donor´s daughters follow their wives, in order.  This affiliation of the wife of Aloito Lucídez was proposed by Sáez[459]

Aloito & his wife had five children: 

1.         TECLA Aloítez (-after 984).  "Tegla" donated "in villa…Gundelini", obtained by "parentes nostri domno Aloyto et domna Munia pie memorie", to Lorvão by charter dated 984, subscribed by "Gutierre Didaz, Aloytus Froilaz, Ouecco Uimaraz, Menendo Tedoniz…"[460]

2.         LUCIDIO Aloítez (-after 968).  "Aloitus Lucidi, Fredenandus Ouecoz, Fredenandus Alderotiz, Lucidus Aloitis, Froila Gundesindi…Didacus Fernandit conf, Gundesindus Eroni, Ueremudus Lucidi conf…" subscribed the charter dated 22 Feb 926 under which "Ranemirus" [brother of Alfonso IV King of Leon] granted "villa…Crexemir" {Creixomil} to "Ermegildus et Mummadomna"[461].  ["…Ueremundus rex, Aloito Lucidi…Lucidus Aloitiz…" subscribed the charter dated 18 May 952 (must be redated to before 950) under which "Ranemirus…princeps" [Ramiro II King of Leon] granted "villa nostra propria Mellares" to "Mummadomna"[462].  The anachronistic reference to "Ueremundus rex" suggests that the document is spurious.]  m JIMENA, daughter of ---.  Lucidio & his wife had two children: 

a)         ONECA Lucídez (-after 9 Jun 999).  “Rudericus dux condam proliz Uelasconi…cum meos fratres” exchanged property “la vila de Sandulces…en tierra de Castella” with abbot Pedro de Antealtares by charter dated 20 Mar 974, confirmed by “Onega coniux Ruderici ducis…[463].  “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova charter dated 23 Oct 978[464].  “Honega prolis Lucidi…” confirmed the charter dated 17 Dec 978 under which Pelayo Rodríguez Bishop of Iria donated property to Celanova[465].  "Onecca Lucidi et Rodrigo Erotiz" donated "in villa…Gundelini", which was "de abios nostros Aloytus et Munnia", to Lorvão by charter dated 25 May 985, subscribed by "…Tellus Aloitici, Gundesindus Fredenandiz, Aloitus Froilaz, Gutierre Lucidi, Rodorigo Froilaz…"[466].  “Onega…confessa” donated property to Celanova, for the soul of “bone memorie vir meus…Rudericus Uelasquiz comite”, by charter dated 9 Jun 999[467]m as his second wife, RODRIGO Velásquez, son of conde VELASCO --- & his wife Trudilde --- (-[17 Jan 977/23 Oct 978]). 

b)         MENENDO Lucídez .  He confirmed documents in 985 and 1014[468]

3.         NUÑO Aloítez (-after 26 Jan 959).  "Nunus Aloitiz, Menendus Menendi, Tellus Aloitiz, Ueremudo Uermuiz…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jan 959 under which his supposed maternal aunt "Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery[469]m ---.  The name of Nuño's wife is not known.  Nuño & his wife had one child:

a)         ALOITO Núñez (-[1015/16]).  He confirmed the 985 donation of his supposed uncle Tello Aloítez. 

-        see below

4.         TELLO Aloítez (-after 6 Jun [985]).  "Nunus Aloitiz, Menendus Menendi, Tellus Aloitiz, Ueremudo Uermuiz…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jan 959 under which his supposed maternal aunt "Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery[470].  "Onecca Lucidi et Rodrigo Erotiz" donated "in villa…Gundelini", which was "de abios nostros Aloytus et Munnia", to Lorvão by charter dated 25 May 985, subscribed by "…Tellus Aloitici, Gundesindus Fredenandiz, Aloitus Froilaz, Gutierre Lucidi, Rodorigo Froilaz…"[471].  “Comes Tellus quondam prolis Aloiti…cum uxore mea Mumma Donna” donated property to the monastery of Antealtares by charter dated 6 Jun [985][472]m MUNIADOMNA, daughter of --- (-after 6 Jun [985]).  “Comes Tellus quondam prolis Aloiti…cum uxore mea Mumma Donna” donated property to the monastery of Antealtares by charter dated 6 Jun [985][473].  Tello & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [ALOITO Téllezm CHAMOA, daughter of ---.] 

5.         ELVIRA Aloítez (-after 969).  "Sisnandus…sci. Iacobi apostoli et Iriensis sedis episcopus…cum genitore meo Hermegildo" donated property to Sobrado by charter dated 30 Dec 955, subscribed by "Rudericus Hermegildi prolis, Giluira coniux Ruderici…"[474].  Her parents are named by Mattoso[475]"Rudericus et uxor mea…Giluira" donated “villas...in territorio Rabbati villa Boniti...” to Sobrado by charter dated 13 Nov 959, signed by "Giluira Aluitiz, Aloitus Guttier, Lucidus Martiniz..."[476].  "Sisnandus episcopus...cum fratre meo Ruderico simul cum coniuge sua Geluira" donated “in valle Nemitos villam...Uarcina...to Sobrado by charter dated 10 Dec 966, signed by "Ruderici Hermegildi prolix, Giluira Aloiti prolix"[477]m RODRIGO Menéndez, son of HERMENEGILDO Aloítez [Menendo] & his wife Paterna Gundesíndez (-after 10 Dec 966). 

 

 

ALOITO Núñez, son of [NUÑO Aloítez & his wife ---] (-[1015/16]).  He confirmed the 985 donation of his supposed uncle Tello Aloítez.  He succeeded Menendo González as governor of the condado portucalense.  He was in the castle of Vermoim when the Normans attacked the area in [1015/16][478]

m GONTINA, daughter of ---. 

Aloito & his wife had three children: 

1.         NUÑO Aloítez (-1028).  "Adefonsus…princeps ad vicem…filiis meis etiam…domna Mummadomna" donated property "qui fuerunt de parentes nostri dux Menendus Gondisalui et Tuta Domna…in...villa Aminitello…" to "Petro Aloitiz" and Vimieiro monastery, with the consent of "comite Nunus Aloitiz et uxori eius comitissa domna Ilduara…et comitissa domna Onneca…et comitissa Tuda Uegillaz et filiis meis Ermegildus et Lupe", by charter dated 3 Sep 1025[479]Condem ILDUARA Menéndez, daughter of conde MENENDO González & his wife Toda ---.  "Adefonsus…princeps ad vicem…filiis meis etiam…domna Mummadomna" donated property "qui fuerunt de parentes nostri dux Menendus Gondisalui et Tuta Domna…in...villa Aminitello…" to "Petro Aloitiz" and Vimieiro monastery, with the consent of "comite Nunus Aloitiz et uxori eius comitissa domna Ilduara…et comitissa domna Onneca…et comitissa Tuda Uegillaz et filiis meis Ermegildus et Lupe", by charter dated 3 Sep 1025[480].  Nuño & his wife had three children: 

a)         MENENDO Núñez .  Governor of the condado portucalense.  m ---.  The name of Menendo's wife is not known.  Menendo & his wife had one child: 

i)          NUÑO Menéndez (-killed in battle Pedroso 1071).  The Chronicon Lusitanum records that “Comitem Nuno Menediz” led a rebellion against “Regem Donnum Garciam, fratrem Regis Donni Fernandi” in 1109 (adjusted to 1071) but was killed[481]m GONCIÑA, daughter of ---.  Nuño & his wife had one child: 

(a)       LOBA [Aurovelito] Núñezm SISNANDO Davides (-1092).  He was captured by al-Mutadid, ruler of Seville, but became his respected adviser.  Thereafter he entered the service of Fernando I King of Castile[482].  Alvasil de Coimbra.  Sisnando & his wife had one child: 

(1)       ELVIRA Sisnandes (-after 1087).  m MARTIM Moniz, son of MONIO Fromariques of the family of Riba-Douro. 

b)         GONTRODO Núñezm conde VASCO ---. 

c)         MUNIO Núñez (-before 1121). 

2.         PEDRO Aloítez (-1070).  "Adefonsus…princeps ad vicem…filiis meis etiam…domna Mummadomna" donated property "qui fuerunt de parentes nostri dux Menendus Gondisalui et Tuta Domna…in...villa Aminitello…" to "Petro Aloitiz" and Vimieiro monastery, with the consent of "comite Nunus Aloitiz et uxori eius comitissa domna Ilduara…et comitissa domna Onneca…et comitissa Tuda Uegillaz et filiis meis Ermegildus et Lupe", by charter dated 3 Sep 1025[483].  Abbot of the monastery of Guimarães from 1042 to 1070. 

3.         LOBA Aloítez (-after 1016).  She lived at Arentim and was cited in a 1016 document with her supposed mother[484]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    FAMILY of RODRIGO VELÁSQUEZ

 

 

1.         VELASCO .  “Petrus et uxor mea Uillonem” exchanged property “la vila de Verín” with “Uelasco et uxor tua Trudilli” by charter dated 11 Sep 931, confirmed by “Onega coniux Ruderici ducis…[485]m TRUDILDE, daughter of ---.  Velasco & his wife had [three or more] children: 

a)         RODRIGO Velásquez (-[17 Jan 977/23 Oct 978]).  “Hordonius prolis regis, Sancius prolis regis, Rudericus Uelasquiz, Hordonius prolis domni Adefonsi regis” confirmed the charter dated 13 Jun 950 under which Bishop Rosendo agreed territorial boundaries with the inhabitants of Villaza[486].  This position in the list of subscribers in the middle of members of the royal family highlights Rodrigo´s importance at court.  “...Rudericus Uelasquiz...” confirmed the charter dated 8 Jun 954 under which King Ordoño III donated “eglesia...Sancti Claudii, Luperci et Uictorici in arraballde...civitatis Legione” to the church of León[487].  “…Rudericus Uelasconius…” confirmed the charter dated 28 Mar 959 under which King Sancho I donated property to Celanova[488].  “...Rudericus Uelasquiz...” confirmed the charter dated 17 Sep 968 under which Ramiro III King of León donated “de comitatu de Mera III, de Nallare IV...et Parriga media et IV de comitato Nemitos” to Sobrado[489]Rudericus dux condam proliz Uelasconi…cum meos fratres” exchanged property “la vila de Sandulces…en tierra de Castella” with abbot Pedro de Antealtares by charter dated 20 Mar 974, confirmed by “Onega coniux Ruderici ducis…[490].  “Rudericus prolis Uelasconi, Pelagius diaconus prolis Rudericus ducis” confirmed a charter dated 17 Jan 977 under which Bishop Rosendo conceded the monastery of Celanova to his successor[491].  His date of death is set by the charter dated 23 Oct 978 under which “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova[492]m firstly ADOSINDA Gunterícez, daughter of GUNTERICO Arias & his wife Gontrodo González.  Her name, and her mother´s name, are confirmed by the charter dated 8 Oct 988 under which her daughter “Uelasquita confessa, prolis Rudericus et Adosinde” donated property “la vila de Feá” to the monastery of Santa María de Mezonzo, for the souls of “viri nostri Munneonis…avia nostra diue memorie domne Gunterotis” (having inherited the property from the latter)[493]m secondly ONECA Lucídez, daughter of LUCIDIO Aloítez & his wife Jimena --- (-after 9 Jun 999).  Rudericus dux condam proliz Uelasconi…cum meos fratres” exchanged property “la vila de Sandulces…en tierra de Castella” with abbot Pedro de Antealtares by charter dated 20 Mar 974, confirmed by “Onega coniux Ruderici ducis…[494].  “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova charter dated 23 Oct 978[495].  “Honega prolis Lucidi…” confirmed the charter dated 17 Dec 978 under which Pelayo Rodríguez Bishop of Iria donated property to Celanova[496].  "Onecca Lucidi et Rodrigo Erotiz" donated "in villa…Gundelini", which was "de abios nostros Aloytus et Munnia", to Lorvão by charter dated 25 May 985, subscribed by "…Tellus Aloitici, Gundesindus Fredenandiz, Aloitus Froilaz, Gutierre Lucidi, Rodorigo Froilaz…"[497].  “Onega…confessa” donated property to Celanova, for the soul of “bone memorie vir meus…Rudericus Uelasquiz comite”, by charter dated 9 Jun 999[498].  Rodrigo & his first wife had six children: 

i)          ONECA Rodríguez (-after 23 Oct 978).  “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova charter dated 23 Oct 978[499]

ii)         TRUDILDE Rodríguez (-after 23 Oct 978).  “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova charter dated 23 Oct 978[500]

iii)        VELASQUITA Rodríguez (-after 29 Jun 997).  “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova charter dated 23 Oct 978[501].  “Uelasquita confessa, prolis Rudericus et Adosinde” donated property “la vila de Feá” to the monastery of Santa María de Mezonzo, for the souls of “viri nostri Munneonis…avia nostra diue memorie domne Gunterotis” (having inherited the property from the latter), by charter dated 8 Oct 988 confirmed by “Teobaldus Munionis” for “matris mee[502].  “Uelasquida confessa, prolis Ruderiz et Adosinde” property acquired by her and “viro meo diue memorie Munius Godesteiz” to Celanova, for their souls, by charter dated 27 Jun 997[503]m MUNIO Godestéiz, son of GODESTEO --- & his wife --- (-[before 8 Oct 988]).  "Osorio Monniz, Monnio Gudesteiz, Diaco Romaniz, Monnio Flainiz, Veremudus Flainiz" confirmed the charter dated 1 Jan 943 under which King Ramiro II granted to “Vermudo Nunniz” property confiscated from “Dom Patre[504].  “...Suarius Nunnio, Monnio Nunniz, Nunno Nunniz, Monnio Gudesteuz, Oveco Moniuz...” confirmed the charter dated 15 May 951 under which King Ordoño III donated "villa de Matella" to Sahagún[505].  “...Munio Gudesteiz...” confirmed the charter dated 5 May 956 under which King Ordoño III donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Fonte de Febro, “uilla nostro Peso” exchnged for “uilla...Lionia” with “Fortes Iustiz[506].  Munio & his wife had one child: 

(a)       TEOBALDO Muñoz (-after 8 Oct 988).  “Uelasquita confessa, prolis Rudericus et Adosinde” donated property to the monastery of Santa María de Mezonzo, for the souls of “viri nostri Munneonis…avia nostra diue memorie domne Gunterotis”, by charter dated 8 Oct 988 confirmed by “Teobaldus Munionis” for “matris mee[507]

iv)       PELAYO Rodríguez (-after 30 Dec 989).  Deacon.  Rudericus prolis Uelasconi, Pelagius diaconus prolis Rudericus ducis” confirmed a charter dated 17 Jan 977 under which Bishop Rosendo conceded the monastery of Celanova to his successor[508].  Bishop of Iria, Bishop of Compostela.  The Historia Compostelana names “Pelagius…filius comitis Ruderici Velasqui” as successor of Sisnando as bishop of Compostela[509].  “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova charter dated 23 Oct 978[510].  Pelayo Rodríguez Bishop of Iria donated property to Celanova by charter dated 17 Dec 978, confirmed by “Honega prolis Lucidi…[511].  “Pelagius…pastor…sedis apostolice Iacobi beati” donated property, for the soul of “genitoris mei domni Ruderici ducis”, to Celanova charter dated 11 Sep 982[512].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 30 Dec 989 under which “Pelagius episcopus prolis Ruderici et Adosinde” granted property to one of the monks at the monastery of Celanova[513]

v)        MUNIADOMNA Rodríguez (-after 9 Jun 999).  “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova charter dated 23 Oct 978[514].  “…Pelagius Froilaz, Mumadona prolis Ruderigiz…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jun 999 under which “Onega…confessa” donated property to Celanova, for the soul of “bone memorie vir meus…Rudericus Uelasquiz comite[515]

vi)       ILDONZA Rodríguez (-after 23 Oct 978).  “Pelagius…Yriensis et apostolice sedis episcopus, Onega comitissa ad supradicto duce derelicta, item proles illius Onega, Trudilli, Uelasquida, Mumadomna, Ildonzia” donated property, which “pater noster diue memoria dux Rudericus” intended for the monastery, to Celanova charter dated 23 Oct 978[516]

b)         sons .  Their existence is confirmed by the charter dated 20 Mar 974 under which “Rudericus dux condam proliz Uelasconi…cum meos fratres” exchanged property “la vila de Sandulces…en tierra de Castella” with abbot Pedro de Antealtares[517]

 

 

1.         ORDOÑO Velásquez (-after 1 Oct 982).  A charter dated 1 Oct 982 under which “Odoyno diacono” transferred the church of Santa Comba de Bande to Celanova monastery records that “comes Ordonius Uelasquoz” gave “filio suo Guttier” to be brought up by Bishop Hermegildo and that “ipse Ordonius…cum coniuge sua Ermesinda” donated property[518]m ERMESINDA Gutiérrez, daughter of GUTIERRE Osóriz & his wife Aldonza Menéndez.  A charter dated 1 Oct 982 under which “Odoyno diacono” transferred the church of Santa Comba de Bande to Celanova monastery records that “comes Ordonius Uelasquoz” gave “filio suo Guttier” to be brought up by Bishop Hermegildo and that “ipse Ordonius…cum coniuge sua Ermesinda” donated property[519].  935-992.  Ordoño & his wife had four children: 

a)         GUTIERRE Ordóñez .  A charter dated 1 Oct 982 under which “Odoyno diacono” transferred the church of Santa Comba de Bande to Celanova monastery records that “comes Ordonius Uelasquoz” gave “filio suo Guttier” to be brought up by Bishop Hermegildo and that “ipse Ordonius…cum coniuge sua Ermesinda” donated property[520]

b)         ÍÑIGO Ordóñez (-after 9 Jan 941).  “…Ennigus Ordoniz, Vermudus Ordoniz, Velascus Ordoniz…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[521]m ---.  The name of Íñigo's wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

i)          ORDOÑO Iñíguez

c)         VERMUDO Ordóñez (-after 9 Jan 941).  “…Ennigus Ordoniz, Vermudus Ordoniz, Velascus Ordoniz…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[522]

d)         VELASCO Ordóñez (-after 9 Jan 941).  “…Ennigus Ordoniz, Vermudus Ordoniz, Velascus Ordoniz…” confirmed the charter dated 9 Jan 941 under which “Guttierr et Yldonzia…cum filiis filiabusque nostris” donated property to Celanova[523]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    FAMILY of ORDOÑO VERMÚDEZ

 

 

ORDOÑO Vermúdez, illegitimate son of VERMUDO II King of León & his mistress --- (-16 Oct, after 18 Sep 1042).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "infante Ordoño" as the son of King Vermudo II by one of "two nobles sisters"[524].  Geluira prolix Ueremudo rex” recognised the rights of Sarracina over a certain property “pro fratribus meis Ordonius, Ueremudo, Piniolus et Fronilde Pelagiz” in a document dated 1058[525].  A charter dated 1 Oct 1059 records that the lands confiscated from "Pelagius Rodriquiz comes...filios inter quos...unus...Fernandus" were distributed to “germano suo domno Ordonio etiam ad Fernando Flainiz qui erant cognati de ipso Fredenando tiranno[526]Alfonso V King of León granted property at Villaturiel to "fidelem et notarius meus Sampirus presbiter" by charter dated 13 Nov 1023, subscribed by "…Ordonius prolis Ueremundi principis, Munius Ruderiquiz, Rudericus Velaz, Petro Flainiz, Arias Pinnioliz diaconus…Muniu Munneonis, Fredenando Flainiz, Petro Fernandiz, Petro Feroilaz"[527].  "…Hordonius proles Ueremudi…" (signing second among the lay subscribers) subscribed the charter dated 15 Nov 1028 under which "Ueremudus proles Adefonsi principis et Geluire regine" donated "villam meam…Cordario que fuit avorum et parentum meorum Menendi et dne Tote" to Santiago de Compostela[528]"Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris Veremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Ximena" donated "in Furones…palacios quos fuerunt de Pelagio Ordoniz…in ripa Zaia villa…Kastellelia…de genitor nostro Pelagio Ruderici…in riba de Oruego in Alcoba…quos fuit de domina Xemena comitissa et comudavimos illa cum sua nepte domna Gontrodo…villa…in Asturias territorio Oveto villa…fuit…de avio nostro Fredenando Veremudez…et nostra nepte Marina si perseuerauerit in castitate et in vita sancta monachia" to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[529]The necrology of León Cathedral records the death “XVII Kal Nov” of “Ordonius filius Ueremudi regi[s][530]

m FRONILDE Peláez, daughter of conde PELAYO Rodríguez & his wife Gotina Vermúdez (-20 Feb or 14 Mar, after 1 Oct 1059).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Infanta Fronilde Peláez" as the wife of "Infante Ordoño"[531].  "Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris Veremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Ximena" donated "in Furones…palacios quos fuerunt de Pelagio Ordoniz…in ripa Zaia villa…Kastellelia…de genitor nostro Pelagio Ruderici…in riba de Oruego in Alcoba…quos fuit de domina Xemena comitissa et comudavimos illa cum sua nepte domna Gontrodo…villa…in Asturias territorio Oveto villa…fuit…de avio nostro Fredenando Veremudez…et nostra nepte Marina si perseuerauerit in castitate et in vita sancta monachia" to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[532].  "Fronildi Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris Ueremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Xemena" donated "…villa…Kastellelin…de genitore nostro Pelagio Rudarici…de avio nostro Fredenando Uermudi" to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[533].  "Geloira et Christi ancilla et prolis Bermudo…princeps" donated property to San Martín de Torres by charter dated 4 Oct 1057, witnessed by "…dona Fronilda Pelaiz comitissa, Dona Urraca, Dona Mayori filia Monioni comitis"[534].  "Fronildi prolem Pelagii" donated "monasterios…de Uerga…Sancti Iohannis…in ripa fluvii Estole partem terciam que fuit de avio meo Fredenando Veremudiz et in Sauero…Sancti Felicis" to León Cathedral by charter dated 1058, confirmed by "Flaino Fredenandiz comes, Martino Flaginiz, Didaco Petriz, Petro Romaniz…Petrus Gundisaluiz"[535]Geluira prolix Ueremudo rex” recognised the rights of Sarracina over a certain property “pro fratribus meis Ordonius, Ueremudo, Piniolus et Fronilde Pelagiz” in a document dated 1058[536].  A charter dated 1 Oct 1059 records that "Pelagius Rodriquiz comes...filios inter quos...unus...Fernandus" was betrothed to “filiam de comite domno Monnio Rudriquiz per iussionem principis domni Adefonsi” [Alfonso V King of León], but after “consilium iniquam” he eloped with “filia de comite Sanzio Gomez coniermana de ipso rege”, after which his lands “cum eo mater sua domna Gotina similiter” were confiscated and distributed “inter suos germanos”: “villa...Castro Auaiub” which had been shared “inter se et germana sua Fronili Pelaiz”, and “omnes suas hereditates” to “germano suo domno Ordonio etiam ad Fernando Flainiz qui erant cognati de ipso Fredenando tiranno”.  The same document adds that, after “multorum...annorum”, “Fronili Pelaiz” requested “hereditates matris sue domne Gotine” from “suprinas suas Onnega Gomez et Iusta Fernandiz”, alleging that they were bequeathed to her by “vir suus donnus Ordonius ex dato domni Adefonsi regis”, in the presence of King Fernando I, who in judgment exchanged “ipsa villa...Castro Auaiub medietate” for “villa...Ualdesalze” with “Fronili Gutterriz et filiis tuis Uermudo, Monnio et Xemena[537]The necrology of León Cathedral records the death “X Kal Mar” of “infantissa domna Fronilla” and her donation of “monasterium Sancte Marie de scriptoribus et Castellelia”, and also “Non Mar” of “infans domna Frunille et filii sui Pelagius Ordonii et Adefonsus Ordonii[538]

Ordoño Vermúdez & his wife had [eight] children (the order of the births of these children, taken from the Chronicon Regum Legionensium for those who are named therein[539], is uncertain):

1.         ALFONSO Ordóñez (-after 1047).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Alfonso Ordóñez, Pelayo Ordóñez, Vermudo Ordóñez, Sancho Ordóñez and Jimena Ordóñez" as the children of "Infante Ordoño" & his wife[540].  “...Adefonsus Ordoni...” confirmed the charter dated 1 May 1043 under which "comes Fredenandus Munneoni et uxor eius comitissa domna Maria" exchanged "ereditates que abemus ex parentibus nostris vel abibus in territorio urbe Tauro, sive de comparationes que emit genitori nostro et genitrix nostra comes Munneu Ruderici et comitessa domna Adosinda in Ualle de Uilla Ceiddi" with "domna Marina et filiis tuis"[541]Conde [1043/47].  "...Adefonsus Ordoniz comes..." confirmed the charter dated 1047 under which King Fernando I donated property to León cathedral[542]The necrology of León Cathedral records the death “Non Mar” of “infans domna Frunille et filii sui Pelagius Ordonii et Adefonsus Ordonii[543]m FRONILDE, daughter of ---.  An undated charter at Corias records “Cristina Alfonsi” as daughter of “Adefonsi Ordonis de genere regali et de dompna Fronildi” and her donation of “Azeliana villa” to Corias[544].  Alfonso & his wife had one child: 

a)         CRISTINA Alfonso .  An undated charter at Corias records “Cristina Alfonsi” as daughter of “Adefonsi Ordonis de genere regali et de dompna Fronildi” and her donation of “Azeliana villa” to Corias[545].  The same document records the subsequent actions of “comes Suerius Uermuti” (see the document CASTILE & LEÓN NOBILITY (1)) relating to the same property, which suggests that he must have been related in some way to Cristina.  If that is correct, the precise relationship has not been ascertained. 

2.         PELAYO Ordóñez (-before 1042).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Alfonso Ordóñez, Pelayo Ordóñez, Vermudo Ordóñez, Sancho Ordóñez and Jimena Ordóñez" as the children of "Infante Ordoño" & his wife[546].  The necrology of León Cathedral records the death “Non Mar” of “infans domna Frunille et filii sui Pelagius Ordonii et Adefonsus Ordonii[547]m COREXIA, daughter of --- (-[1085/93]).  "Marina Pelaiez…quum filias meas Fronilde et Scemena" sold property "in billa…Kabatellos…que abemos de abios vel parentes nostros Pelaio Ordoniz" to "mater mea Coreiscia" by charter dated 20 May 1067[548].  She confirmed the 23 Apr 1075 donation of her son Fernando[549].  She is named in her own 1080 donation to the monastery of Peñalba[550].  Pelayo & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARINA Peláez (-after 15 Aug 1075)"Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris" donated property to León Cathedral and referred to "…et nostra nepte Marina si perseuerauerit in castitate et in vita sancta monachia" by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[551].  The document does not specify Marina´s parentage, but this is confirmed by the following document.  "Marina Pelaiez…quum filias meas Fronilde et Scemena" sold property "in billa…Kabatellos…que abemos de abios vel parentes nostros Pelaio Ordoniz" to "mater mea Coreiscia" by charter dated 20 May 1067[552].  "Marina…cum duabus filiabus meis…Fronilli et Xemena" donated property "in Val de Lampreana villa Regini…[et] villa…Cavatello quod mater mea in ipsa comoratur", held by "Pelagio Ruderiquiz…bisavus meus Fredenando Veremudiz", to León Cathedral by charter dated 15 Aug 1075[553].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 20 Feb 1078 under which [her son-in-law and daughter] "Petro Moniz et uxor mea Sol Pelaiz cognomento Fronilli et filiis meis…Monio et Auro" donated "monasterium in villa…Alcotes sanctorum Petri et Pauli et sancte Marie…medietate de Ribella que fuit de Pelagio Rameliz quid me genuit" to León Cathedral[554]m PELAYO Herraméliz, son of --- (-before 20 Feb 1078). 

3.         VERMUDO Ordóñez (-after 1074).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Alfonso Ordóñez, Pelayo Ordóñez, Vermudo Ordóñez, Sancho Ordóñez and Jimena Ordóñez" as the children of "Infante Ordoño" & his wife[555].  “...Veremudo Ordoniz comite...” subscribed the charter dated 9 Jun 1037 under which King Vermudo III granted jurisdiction over its inhabitants to Celanova[556].  "Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris Veremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Ximena" donated property to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[557]"Fronildi Pelagius comité filia…et filiis nostris Ueremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Xemena" donated "…villa…Kastellelin…de genitore nostro Pelagio Rudarici…de avio nostro Fredenando Uermudi" to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[558]"…Veremudus Ordoniz…" subscribed the charter dated 25 Jun 1066 under which "Urraca Fredenandi principis filia" donated property "in valle de vice territorio Portugale" to Santiago de Compostela[559]Conde.  "Geluira regina" donated property "in Lemabus villam…in Triacastella…et…in Valle Carcere" to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Dec 1068, subscribed by "Veremudus proles Hordonii com…"[560].  "...Ueremudo Ordoniz comes..." confirmed the charter dated 15 Oct 1071 under which King Alfonso VI granted “hereditates secus flubio Estola, territorio Aquilare...” to “soror mea domina Urracca[561].  “Uermudus comes proles Ordonii” donated Vilaesteba, Lamas and other properties to Samos by charter dated 1074 which names “Fredenando ipsius Ueremudi prolix[562].  Conde Vermudo Ordóñez donated property to Samos, confirmed by Sancho Ordóñez “frater ipsius comes...Oueco prolis Santii...Ueila prolis Santii”, by charter dated 1074[563]m SANCHA Eriz, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 1122 records the history of property in Bergido donated to Samos which had originally been sold by Vermudo Ordóñez and his wife Sancha Eriz to Munio Fortes[564].  Vermudo & his wife had one child: 

a)         FERNANDO Vermúdez (-after 27 Apr 1084).  “...Fernando Uermudiz...” confirmed the charter dated 3 May 1071 which records that “comitissa domna Momadonna” donated “in Quoza...de Uilla Fateme illa ereditate que fuit de Petro Fernandiz” to Santa María de Piasca[565].  "...Fernando Uermudiz..." confirmed the charter dated 15 Oct 1071 under which King Alfonso VI granted “hereditates secus flubio Estola, territorio Aquilare...” to “soror mea domina Urracca[566].  "Fredenando prolis Ueremudi" granted “dote...villas...quem abeo de aborum parentum meorum...Ualle Salice...in amnis Zeya, Castro...Abaiub...in Aratoy, Fontes de Uerrozi...prope Uilla Ferrozin, Sancta Maria de Aratoy...Quintanella et Ueizana et Kalzatella” to “coniuge mee Marie” by charter dated 11 Jan 1074[567].  “Uermudus comes proles Ordonii” donated Vilaesteba, Lamas and other properties to Samos by charter dated 1074 which names “Fredenando ipsius Ueremudi prolix[568]Conde"...Ferrando Bermudiz commes..." confirmed the charter dated 8 May 1080 under which King Alfonso VI decreed that no representative of the king could enter Sahagún[569].  "Fredinando Ueremudiz..." confirmed the charter dated 27 Apr 1084 under which “Obeco Flayniz” sold “erreditatem...que abemus de abibus et parentibus nostris in Kampo Tauro villas...Ualle et Quintanella...meas rationes” to “Guter Nebozaniz et uxoris uestra Scemena Obequiz et filiis vestris[570]m MARÍA González, daughter of GONZALO Muñoz & his wife --- (-before 11 May 1094).  "Fredenando prolis Ueremudi" granted “dote...villas...quem abeo de aborum parentum meorum...Ualle Salice...in amnis Zeya, Castro...Abaiub...in Aratoy, Fontes de Uerrozi...prope Uilla Ferrozin, Sancta Maria de Aratoy...Quintanella et Ueizana et Kalzatella” to “coniuge mee Marie” by charter dated 11 Jan 1074[571]Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 11 May 1094 under which “Comitissa Ildonza prolis Gonzaluiz...cum iermano meo comes Addefonsus” exchanged "duas de Sancta Euuenia...super Melgar de Abduz et...alia tercia...que fuit de tua matre super flumine de Cea” with “suprina nostra filia de nostra iermana comitissa domna Maria...Eluira Fernandi” for “Couelas...in riba de Dorio et...Ysornio...et Uilla Uelasco et Sancto Romano de illa Cuba et...Uilla Fexem...inter Uezela et flumine de Aradoi[572]Fernando & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          ELVIRA Fernández .  “Comitissa Ildonza prolis Gonzaluiz...cum iermano meo comes Addefonsus” exchanged "duas de Sancta Euuenia...super Melgar de Abduz et...alia tercia...que fuit de tua matre super flumine de Cea” with “suprina nostra filia de nostra iermana comitissa domna Maria...Eluira Fernandi” for “Couelas...in riba de Dorio et...Ysornio...et Uilla Uelasco et Sancto Romano de illa Cuba et...Uilla Fexem...inter Uezela et flumine de Aradoi” by charter dated 11 May 1094[573]

ii)         [SANCHA Fernández .  According to Torres, her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a document of Samos relating to Fafia, donated by [her supposed grandfather] Vermudo Ordóñez, which records that the property was later held by comes Fernandus” and subsequently by “comitissa dompna Sancia uxor comitis Aluari” who had “filios comitem Rodericum et Uermeudum Aluariz et Sancia Aluariz[574].  However, “comitis Aluari” can be identified as Álvaro Rodríguez de Sarria who married Sancha Fernández, illegitimate daughter of conde Fernando Pérez de Traba & Teresa Queen of Portugal, see the document CASTILE & LEÓN NOBILITY (1).  It is likely, therefore, that Vermudo Ordóñez sold or otherwise transferred the property to Fernando Pérez de Traba (“comes Fernandus”, who was not therefore Vermudo´s son Fernando Vermúdez) who granted it to his daughter and her family.] 

4.         SANCHO Ordóñez (-[14 May 1080/1082]).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Alfonso Ordóñez, Pelayo Ordóñez, Vermudo Ordóñez, Sancho Ordóñez and Jimena Ordóñez" as the children of "Infante Ordoño" & his wife[575].  "Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris Veremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Ximena" donated property to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[576]"Fronildi Pelagius comité filia…et filiis nostris Ueremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Xemena" donated "…villa…Kastellelin…de genitore nostro Pelagio Rudarici…de avio nostro Fredenando Uermudi" to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[577]Sanzio Ordoniz...” confirmed the charter dated 1 Oct 1059 which records the confiscation of land from "Pelagius Rodriquiz comes...filios inter quos...unus...Fernandus" and that King Fernando I exchanged “ipsa villa...Castro Auaiub medietate” for “villa...Ualdesalze” with “Fronili Gutterriz...[578]Conde...Sanctius proles Ordonii comes...” is named in a charter dated 1061[579].  ...Sancio Ordoniz comes...” confirmed the charter dated 6 Nov 1071 under which Alfonso VI King of León granted "villa...Arnellas subtus amnis Aratoi territorio Graliare" to “Uelasco Uelaz et uxori tue Helisabet vel filiis tuis Uela Uelasquiz[580].  A charter dated 1074 records a dispute between Samos and Ero Peláez judged before “...comitem domnum Sancium proles Ordonii...[581].  Conde Vermudo Ordóñez donated property to Samos, confirmed by Sancho Ordóñez “frater ipsius comes...Oueco prolis Santii...Ueila prolis Santii”, by charter dated 1074[582].  “...Sanctio Ordoniz...Garsia Ordoniz armiger regis...” confirmed the charter dated 20 Feb 1074 under which "Maria Gutterriz...cum iermanas meas domna Fronilli et Donellu et domna Tegridia" donated “villa...Petrafitta super ripam fluminis Ceia...in territorio Castro Froila et Siero...fuit...de patre nostro comite Guttier Afonso et matre nostra comitissa domna Goto” to “Uelasco Ueilaz et uxori tue Helisabet vel filii tui Ueila Uelasquiz[583]"Comes Santio Ordoniz" donated "in Lampredanam…in Villam Regini…de parte avii mei Pelagio Ruderiquiz" to León Cathedral by charter dated 30 Jan 1077[584].  "...Sanso Ordoniz commes..." confirmed the charter dated 8 May 1080 under which King Alfonso VI decreed that no representative of the king could enter Sahagún[585].  "Sancio Ordoniz comes..." confirmed the charter dated 14 May 1080 under which King Alfonso VI granted freedoms and exemptions to Sahagún[586]m ONECA Ovéquiz, daughter of conde OVECO Vermúdez & his wife Elvira Suárez (-after 1082).  A charter dated 1082 names “duo comites magni: Vela Ovequiz et Ruderico Ovequiz cum Aldoncia et Tota uxores forum et cum sorore sua comitissa Oneca Ovequiz…de patre nostro comes Oveco Vermudez[587]Comitissa domna Oneca” donated property to Lugo “pro filiis suis Veremundo et Vela Sanchez[588].  The identity of her husband is confirmed further by a charter dated 23 Feb 1074 which names “Santius comes proles Ordonii, Vela proles Sancii[589].  Sancho & his wife had four children: 

a)         OVECO Sánchez (-after 4 Apr 1115).  Conde Vermudo Ordóñez donated property to Samos, confirmed by Sancho Ordóñez “frater ipsius comes...Oueco prolis Santii...Ueila prolis Santii”, by charter dated 1074[590]Ouecco Sanxiz...cum uxore mea Eilo Albariz et filiis nostris Sanxo Ouequiz et Urraca Ouequiz” donated "portione  in Uilla Grati...habui...de avis et parentibus meis...iuxta Uialle Petro et Uilla Sescute et iuxta Sancto Saturnino" to Sahagún by charter dated 9 Dec 1104[591]"Ouecco Sanxiz…cum sorore mea Xemena Sanxiz" donated property in Valdepueblo and other places to León Cathedral, for the soul of "fratribus nostris Ueila Xanxiz", by charter dated 20 Oct 1109, subscribed by "Froila Didaz comes…"[592].  “Oueco Sanxiz" donated “hereditate...in villam...Capanneros et aliam...Tor de Hala et aliam...Uilladager...in Campo de Tauro” to Sahagún, for the soul of “uxoris mee iam defuncte Elo Albariz”, by charter dated 4 Apr 1115[593]m (before 1085) ELO Álvarez, daughter of ÁLVARO --- & his wife --- (-[19 Dec 1104/4 Apr 1115]).  She made a joint donation with her husband in 1085, and is named “Eiloni proles Aluari” in a 1099 document of the monastery of Samos[594]Ouecco Sanxiz...cum uxore mea Eilo Albariz et filiis nostris Sanxo Ouequiz et Urraca Ouequiz” donated "portione  in Uilla Grati...habui...de avis et parentibus meis...iuxta Uialle Petro et Uilla Sescute et iuxta Sancto Saturnino" to Sahagún by charter dated 9 Dec 1104[595]Oveco & his wife had two children: 

i)          SANCHO Ovéquiz (-[1113]).  He is named in the 1102 donation of his father[596].  Ouecco Sanxiz...cum uxore mea Eilo Albariz et filiis nostris Sanxo Ouequiz et Urraca Ouequiz” donated "portione  in Uilla Grati...habui...de avis et parentibus meis...iuxta Uialle Petro et Uilla Sescute et iuxta Sancto Saturnino" to Sahagún by charter dated 9 Dec 1104[597]m JIMENA Pérez, daughter of PEDRO --- & his wife --- (-after 1113).  A later charter records that “Ximena Petri” had donated “Uilla Scura” to Samos for the soul of “suo marito Sancio Ouequizi in era MCLI[598].  Sancho & his wife had one child: 

(a)       SANCHO Sánchez (-after 1 Dec 1135).  "Sango Sangez filius Sancii Ouechez" donated "Castellam usque in Pisorgam" to San Zoilo de Carrión by charter dated 1 Dec 1135[599]

ii)         URRACA Ovéquiz (-after 19 Dec 1104).  “Ouecco Sanxiz...cum uxore mea Eilo Albariz et filiis nostris Sanxo Ouequiz et Urraca Ouequiz” donated "portione  in Uilla Grati...habui...de avis et parentibus meis...iuxta Uialle Petro et Uilla Sescute et iuxta Sancto Saturnino" to Sahagún by charter dated 9 Dec 1104[600]

b)         VELA Sánchez (-before 20 Oct 1109).  Conde Vermudo Ordóñez donated property to Samos, confirmed by Sancho Ordóñez “frater ipsius comes...Oueco prolis Santii...Ueila prolis Santii”, by charter dated 1074[601].  "Ouecco Sanxiz…cum sorore mea Xemena Sanxiz" donated property in Valdepueblo and other places to León Cathedral, for the soul of "fratribus nostris Ueila Xanxiz", by charter dated 20 Oct 1109, subscribed by "Froila Didaz comes…"[602]

c)         FRONILDE Sánchez (-before 1108).  She died before her brother Oveco: “Ouecus Sancii” donated property for the soul of “sua iermana domna Fronilli” dated “era MCXLVI[603]same person as...?  FRONILDE Sánchez (-after 13 Jun 1104).  This co-identity is not certain but the chronology is favorable.  Nunnus comes...cum uxore mea Fronildi Sanxiz et filiis nostris Adefonso Nunniz, Menendo Nunniz, Sanxo Nunniz, Geluira Nunniz” donated "hereditate...habeo ex parte uxoris mee in Uilla Grati" to Sahagún, for “meo subrino Uelasco Petriz quem interfecerunt francigene”, by charter dated 13 Jun 1104[604]m NUÑO Velásquez, son of VELASCO --- & his wife --- (-[13 Dec 1105/May 1112]).  Conde en Limia. 

d)         JIMENA Sánchez (-after 20 Oct 1109).  "Ouecco Sanxiz…cum sorore mea Xemena Sanxiz" donated property in Valdepueblo and other places to León Cathedral, for the soul of "fratribus nostris Ueila Xanxiz", by charter dated 20 Oct 1109, subscribed by "Froila Didaz comes…"[605]

5.         FERNANDO Ordóñez (-before 1 Oct 1059).  "Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris Veremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Ximena" donated property to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[606]"Fronildi Pelagius comité filia…et filiis nostris Ueremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Xemena" donated "…villa…Kastellelin…de genitore nostro Pelagio Rudarici…de avio nostro Fredenando Uermudi" to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[607]"...Fernando Ordoniz..." confirmed the charter dated 6 Aug 1047 under which [his parents-in-law] “Guttier Afonso...cum coniuge mea Goto” donated “Uilla Don Sanzo nostra divisa et in Ualle Leuanego nostra divisa” to Sahagún[608]m FRONILDE Gutiérrez, daughter of conde GUTIERRE Alfonso & his wife Godo --- (-after 14 Sep 1084).  A charter dated 1 Oct 1059, which records the confiscation of land from "Pelagius Rodriquiz comes...filios inter quos...unus...Fernandus", records that King Fernando I exchanged “ipsa villa...Castro Auaiub medietate” for “villa...Ualdesalze” with “Fronili Gutterriz et filiis tuis Uermudo, Monnio et Xemena” in settlement of a claim made by “Fronili Pelaiz”, sister of Fernándo Peláez[609].  "Maria Gutterriz...cum iermanas meas domna Fronilli et Donellu et domna Tegridia" donated “villa...Petrafitta super ripam fluminis Ceia...in territorio Castro Froila et Siero...fuit...de patre nostro comite Guttier Afonso et matre nostra comitissa domna Goto” to “Uelasco Ueilaz et uxori tue Helisabet vel filii tui Ueila Uelasquiz” by charter dated 20 Feb 1074[610].  "Fronildi Gutterriz" granted “duos solares...habeo divisos inter meas germanas in villa...Auasta Mediana” to “Froila Citiz” by charter dated 28 Sep 1074[611].  A charter dated 9 Feb 1078 records that "Fronildi Gutterriz" had “filios et viro suo Fredinando Ordonniz: unus Uermudo et alius Munnio et alia Scemena”, that Munio became a monk “ad Sancti Petri Cluniacensi”, that Vermudo died leaving “filium parvulum non plus etate quam uno anno”, that the children inherited from “genetricem suam Fronildi Gutterriz...abeo de parentibus meis comite domno Guttier et comitissa domna Goto...in Aquilare...in Triqueros...in Zorita...in Ualle de Rodias...” including “neptum suum Pelagio filio Uermudo Fredenandiz” as if he had been legitimate to share with “domna Scemena consanguinea tua[612]Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1104 under which her grandson "Pelagio Vermudiz filio Vermudo Fernandiz" entered Sahagún monastery and made donations and names "avola mea Fronildi Guterriz"[613]Pelagio Uermudez...cum avia mea domna Fronille” donated “in Castro Auageue meam porcionem...in Castro Benbibre...in Melgarello...” to Sahagún by charter dated 14 Sep 1084[614]Fernando & his wife had three children: 

a)         JIMENA Fernández (-after 31 Mar 1108).  A charter dated 1 Oct 1059, which records the confiscation of land from "Pelagius Rodriquiz comes...filios inter quos...unus...Fernandus", records that King Fernando I exchanged “ipsa villa...Castro Auaiub medietate” for “villa...Ualdesalze” with “Fronili Gutterriz et filiis tuis Uermudo, Monnio et Xemena” in settlement of a claim made by “Fronili Pelaiz”, sister of Fernándo Peláez[615].  A charter dated 9 Feb 1078 records that "Fronildi Gutterriz" had “filios et viro suo Fredinando Ordonniz: unus Uermudo et alius Munnio et alia Scemena”, that Munio became a monk “ad Sancti Petri Cluniacensi”, that Vermudo died leaving “filium parvulum non plus etate quam uno anno”, that the children inherited from “genetricem suam Fronildi Gutterriz...abeo de parentibus meis comite domno Guttier et comitissa domna Goto...in Aquilare...in Triqueros...in Zorita...in Ualle de Rodias...” including “neptum suum Pelagio filio Uermudo Fredenandiz” as if he had been legitimate to share with “domna Scemena consanguinea tua[616].  A charter dated 31 Mar 1108 records that “Didacus abba” donated "hereditate...in villas...Uilla Rein et Falafes et Feles et in Castro de Benuibre...que fuit de Uermudo Fernandiz" and that “Xemena Fernandiz...cum filio meo Fernando Nunniz” donated “duas divisas...in Uilla Alba et alia in Aucterolo” to Sahagún[617]m NUÑO ---, son of ---.  Nuño & his wife had one child: 

i)          FERNANDO Núñez (-after 31 Mar 1108).  A charter dated 31 Mar 1108 records that “Didacus abba” donated "hereditate...in villas...Uilla Rein et Falafes et Feles et in Castro de Benuibre...que fuit de Uermudo Fernandiz" and that “Xemena Fernandiz...cum filio meo Fernando Nunniz” donated “duas divisas...in Uilla Alba et alia in Aucterolo” to Sahagún[618]

b)         VERMUDO Fernández (-before 9 Feb 1078).  A charter dated 1 Oct 1059, which records the confiscation of land from "Pelagius Rodriquiz comes...filios inter quos...unus...Fernandus", records that King Fernando I exchanged “ipsa villa...Castro Auaiub medietate” for “villa...Ualdesalze” with “Fronili Gutterriz et filiis tuis Uermudo, Monnio et Xemena” in settlement of a claim made by “Fronili Pelaiz”, sister of Fernándo Peláez[619].  A charter dated 9 Feb 1078 records that "Fronildi Gutterriz" had “filios et viro suo Fredinando Ordonniz: unus Uermudo et alius Munnio et alia Scemena”, that Munio became a monk “ad Sancti Petri Cluniacensi”, that Vermudo died leaving “filium parvulum non plus etate quam uno anno”, that the children inherited from “genetricem suam Fronildi Gutterriz...abeo de parentibus meis comite domno Guttier et comitissa domna Goto...in Aquilare...in Triqueros...in Zorita...in Ualle de Rodias...” including “neptum suum Pelagio filio Uermudo Fredenandiz” as if he had been legitimate to share with “domna Scemena consanguinea tua[620]His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1104 under which his son "Pelagio Vermudiz filio Vermudo Fernandiz" entered Sahagún monastery and made donations, naming "avola mea Fronildi Guterriz"[621].  Vermudo had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

i)          PELAYO VermúdezA charter dated 9 Feb 1078 records that "Fronildi Gutterriz" had “filios et viro suo Fredinando Ordonniz: unus Uermudo et alius Munnio et alia Scemena”, that Munio became a monk “ad Sancti Petri Cluniacensi”, that Vermudo died leaving “filium parvulum non plus etate quam uno anno”, that the children inherited from “genetricem suam Fronildi Gutterriz...abeo de parentibus meis comite domno Guttier et comitissa domna Goto...in Aquilare...in Triqueros...in Zorita...in Ualle de Rodias...” including “neptum suum Pelagio filio Uermudo Fredenandiz” as if he had been legitimate to share with “domna Scemena consanguinea tua[622].  “Pelagio Uermudez...cum avia mea domna Fronille” donated “in Castro Auageue meam porcionem...in Castro Benbibre...in Melgarello...” to Sahagún by charter dated 14 Sep 1084[623].  A monk at Sahagún.  Pelagio Uermudiz filio Uermudo Fernandez” donated "hereditatem patris mei Uermudo Fernandiz...que mihi...Avola mea Fronildi Guterriz...in Aquilar...in Triqueros...in Zorita in Ualle Rodias..." to Sahagún by charter dated 9 Feb 1104[624]. 

c)         MUNIO Fernández .  A charter dated 1 Oct 1059, which records the confiscation of land from "Pelagius Rodriquiz comes...filios inter quos...unus...Fernandus", records that King Fernando I exchanged “ipsa villa...Castro Auaiub medietate” for “villa...Ualdesalze” with “Fronili Gutterriz et filiis tuis Uermudo, Monnio et Xemena” in settlement of a claim made by “Fronili Pelaiz”, sister of Fernándo Peláez[625]A monk at Cluny: a charter dated 9 Feb 1078 records that "Fronildi Gutterriz" had “filios et viro suo Fredinando Ordonniz: unus Uermudo et alius Munnio et alia Scemena”, that Munio became a monk “ad Sancti Petri Cluniacensi[626]

6.         OVECO Ordóñez .  His parentage is confirmed in a document which also refers to his brother Vermudo[627], although he is omitted from the list of children of Ordoño Vermúdez set out in the Chronicon Regum Legionensium[628]

7.         JIMENA Ordóñez (-after 18 Sep 1042).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Alfonso Ordóñez, Pelayo Ordóñez, Vermudo Ordóñez, Sancho Ordóñez and Jimena Ordóñez" as the children of "Infante Ordoño" & his wife, specifying that Jimena married "count Muño Rodríguez"[629].  Pelagius” donated property to Sobrado, with the consent of “comiti Munio Roderici et comitisse domna Eximena”, by charter dated 13 Feb 1033[630]"Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris Veremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Ximena" donated property to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[631]"Fronildi Pelagius comité filia…et filiis nostris Ueremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Xemena" donated "…villa…Kastellelin…de genitore nostro Pelagio Rudarici…de avio nostro Fredenando Uermudi" to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[632]m (before 1033) as his first wife, conde MUNIO Rodríguez Señor del Solar, son of conde RODRIGO Romániz & his wife Elvira Rodríguez (-[1074/75]). 

8.         [daughter .  The parentage of Onega Gómez, named in the 1 Oct 1059 charter quoted below, has not been identified precisely.  She may have been the grand-daughter of Ordoño Vermúdez, senior brother-in-law of Fernández Peláez, considering that she is named before Justa Fernández, daughter of his junior brother-in-law Fernando Flaínez, the order of their names presumably reflecting relative seniority.  The only other Oneca Gómez who has yet been identified was the daughter of Gómez Fernandez (recorded as condesa, see the document ASTURIAS LEÓN NOBILITY).  The chronology suggests that she was a different person from Oneca Gómez who is named in the 1 Oct 1059 document.  m GÓMEZ ---, son of ---.  One child:] 

a)         [ONECA Gómez (-after 1 Oct 1059).  A charter dated 1 Oct 1059 records that property confiscated from "Pelagius Rodriquiz comes...filios inter quos...unus...Fernandus" was, after “multorum...annorum”, requested by “Fronili Pelaiz” from “suprinas suas Onnega Gomez et Iusta Fernandiz[633].] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    FAMILY of DIEGO FERNÁNDEZ

 

 

The link between the three supposed brothers Diego, Ero and Godesteo Fernández is speculative.  Ero Fernández was an important figure during the reigns of Ordoño II and Alfonso IV Kings of León and was created conde, based at Lugo in central Galicia. 

 

 

1.         FERNANDO ---, son of ---.  m ---.  The name of Fernando´s wife is not known.  Fernando & his wife had [three children:]

a)         [DIEGO Fernández .  909 926.] 

-        see below

b)         [ERO Fernández (-after 24 Sep 926, bur Santa María de Ferreira de Pallares)Conde.] 

-        see below

c)         [GODESTEO Fernández (-922).] 

-        see below

 

 

DIEGO Fernández, son of FERNANDO --- & his wife [Gotina ---] (-[22 Feb 926/5 Dec 928]).  "…Nunus Guter, Lucidus Vimarine, Didacus Federnandici, Gundisaluus Betonice...Gundisaluus, Guincaluus Ferdinandiz, Federnandus Ansuriz, Gudesteus…" subscribed the charter dated to [922] which records an agreement between the bishops of Lugo and Santiago “pro commissos Prucios et Visancos[634].  "…Didacus Crenandiz, Gundisaluus Bettotiz, Guter Menendez comes, Gutier Osoriiz, Theudericus Lucidi, Tellus Bettotiz, Menendus Menendez, Scemenus Didaci, Sisandus Didaci" subscribed the charter dated 17 Sep 924 under which King Fruela II donated “conmisso de Montanos” to Santiago de Compostela[635].  "Aloitus Lucidi, Fredenandus Ouecoz, Fredenandus Alderotiz, Lucidus Aloitis, Froila Gundesindi…Didacus Fernandit, Gundesindus Eroni, Ueremudus Lucidi…" subscribed the charter dated 22 Feb 926 under which "Ranemirus" [brother of Alfonso IV King of Leon] granted "villa…Crexemir" {Creixomil} to "Ermegildus et Mummadomna"[636]

m ONECA, daughter of --- (-before 959).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 25 Aug 951 under which “Scemenus et Adosinda” donated property to Celanova “iermano nostro et pontifici nostro Rudesindo episcopo” which is signed by “Scemenus Didaci et Onnice prolis, Adosinda Guttierrici et Ilduare prolis[637].  According to Pérez de Urbel[638], she may have been Onega Jiménez, daughter of Jimeno --- & his wife Leodegundia de Navarra.  "Honecca…cum filiis meis Munna, Ledegundia, Exemenus et Mummadonna" donated property to the monastery of Lorvão by charter dated 5 Dec 928, subscribed by "Honneca, Munnia, Ledegundia, Exemenus Didaz, Mummadomna, Aloytus Lucidi, Roderigus Tedoniz, Ermegildus Gundisaluiz, Gundesindus Didaz…"[639]

Diego Fernández & his wife had four children:

1.         MUNIA Díaz (-after [973).  "Honecca…cum filiis meis Munna, Ledegundia, Exemenus et Mummadonna" donated property to the monastery of Lorvão by charter dated 5 Dec 928, subscribed by "Honneca, Munnia, Ledegundia, Exemenus Didaz, Mummadomna, Aloytus Lucidi, Roderigus Tedoniz, Ermegildus Gundisaluiz, Gundesindus Didaz…"[640].  The order of the names of the subscribers suggests that the husbands of the donor´s daughters follow their wives, in order.  This affiliation of the wife of Aloito Lucídez was proposed by Sáez[641]m ALOITO Lucídez, son of LUCIDIO Vímaraz & his wife Gudilona [Menéndez] (-after Dec 950). 

2.         LEODEGUNDIA Díaz (-before 960).  "Honecca…cum filiis meis Munna, Ledegundia, Exemenus et Mummadonna" donated property to the monastery of Lorvão by charter dated 5 Dec 928, subscribed by "Honneca, Munnia, Ledegundia, Exemenus Didaz, Mummadomna, Aloytus Lucidi, Roderigus Tedoniz, Ermegildus Gundisaluiz, Gundesindus Didaz…"[642].  The order of the names of the subscribers suggests that the husbands of the donor´s daughters follow their wives, in order.  m RODRIGO Tetóniz, son of TETON [Betótiz & his wife ---]. 

3.         JIMENO Díaz (-[12 Nov 961/962]).  “Exemeno Didaz...” subscribed the charter dated 18 Jul [923] under which “Recesindo” donated property to “domno Gutier et uxor tue domne Ilduare[643].  "…Didacus Crenandiz, Gundisaluus Bettotiz, Guter Menendez comes, Gutier Osoriiz, Theudericus Lucidi, Tellus Bettotiz, Menendus Menendez, Scemenus Didaci, Sisandus Didaci" subscribed the charter dated 17 Sep 924 under which King Fruela II donated “conmisso de Montanos” to Santiago de Compostela[644].  "Honecca…cum filiis meis Munna, Ledegundia, Exemenus et Mummadonna" donated property to the monastery of Lorvão by charter dated 5 Dec 928, subscribed by "Honneca, Munnia, Ledegundia, Exemenus Didaz, Mummadomna, Aloytus Lucidi, Roderigus Tedoniz, Ermegildus Gundisaluiz, Gundesindus Didaz…"[645]Conde before 6 Aug 936: "Exemenus Didaz et comes…" subscribed the charter dated 6 Aug 936 which records an agreement dividing territory between two towns[646].  "Exemenus comes" donated "Uarzena" to Lorvão by charter dated 6 Aug 938, confirmed by "Piniolo Ansuriz…"[647].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 25 Aug 951 under which “Scemenus et Adosinda” donated property to Celanova “iermano nostro et pontifici nostro Rudesindo episcopo” which is signed by “Scemenus Didaci et Onnice prolis, Adosinda Guttierrici et Ilduare prolis” and which refers to property previously held by “tie nostre domna Gunterotis” (although it is not specified whether she was related to Jimeno or to Adosinda)[648].  He rebelled against Ordoño III King of León in 955[649].  "...Exemenus Didaz..." subscribed the charter dated 12 Nov 961 under which "Gundisaluus Moneonis" donated "villa...Cerzeto" to Lorvão[650]m (before 4 Feb 949) as her first husband, ADOSINDA Gutiérrez, daughter of GUTIERRE Menéndez & his wife Ilduara Eriz (-after [981/88]).  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[651].  “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde” by charter dated 11 Mar 934[652].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Feb 949 under which “Scemenus et uxori mee Adosinde” exchanged property with “iermano nostro et pontifici nostro Rudesindo episcopo[653].  Her parentage is further confirmed by the charter dated 25 Aug 951 under which “Scemenus et Adosinda” donated property to Celanova “iermano nostro et pontifici nostro Rudesindo episcopo” which is signed by “Scemenus Didaci et Onnice prolis, Adosinda Guttierrici et Ilduare prolis[654].  "Adosinda" donated property "in villa…Villacova subtus monte de Cavallus…" to Vimeiro monastery, including "ratione de filia mea Gontina" by charter dated 10 Mar 961[655].  She married secondly Ramiro Menéndez.  "Adosinda prolix Guttier et Ilduare" granted "villas…Moraria et Castineira" to "Gunsalbo Menendiz et uxor tue Ilduare", naming "viro meo dive memorie Ranimirus Menendi", by charter dated 17 Oct 964, subscribed by "Didacus Menendi, Arias Menendi…"[656].  "Gundisalbus filii Ermegildi et Mummadomne" donated property "in ripa Arrogio…", held by "frater meus Ranemirus et eius uxor Adosinde", to Vimeiro by charter dated 10 Dec 968[657].  "Gundisalvus" donated property to Vimeiro, including property shared with "mea cognata Adosinda post decessu germani mei Ranimiri" by charter dated 983[658].  Jimeno & his wife had [six] children: 

a)         [GONZALO (-after 985).  A charter dated 19 May [955] under which King Ordoño III granted rights to Bishop Rosendo records that they were previously possessed by “genitoris vestri…Guttiherri Menendiz” and “cognatus vester Scemenus Didaci”, adding that they included those rights lost by “suprini vestri…Gundisalvus et Veremudus” through treachery[659].  This document does not specify the patronymics of the two “suprini” of Bishop Rosendo, but they may have been sons of Jimeno Díaz, although the date appears early for them to have been full brothers of his son Jimeno Jiménez.  Maybe they were born from an earlier unrecorded marriage.  He took part in his father's rebellion in 955[660]m ELVIRA Martínez, daughter of ---.] 

b)         [VERMUDO .  A charter dated 19 May [955] under which King Ordoño III granted rights to Bishop Rosendo records that they were previously possessed by “genitoris vestri…Guttiherri Menendiz” and “cognatus vester Scemenus Didaci”, adding that they included those rights lost by “suprini vestri…Gundisalvus et Veremudus” through treachery[661].  This document does not specify the patronymics of the two “suprini” of Bishop Rosendo, but they may have been sons of Jimeno Díaz, although the date appears early for them to have been full brothers of his son Jimeno Jiménez.  Maybe they were born from an earlier unrecorded marriage.] 

c)         JIMENO Jiménez ([945/50-).  "...Scemenus Scemeniz..." subscribed the charter dated 11 May 976 under which King Ramiro III confirmed the donation to Sahagún made by “Anssuri serbus esse Regis[662]same person as …?[663]  JIMENO Jiménez (-after 18 Aug 1017).  "…Scemenus Scemenz…" subscribed the charter dated 18 Aug 1017 under which "Geloira regina" donated property to Santiago de Compostela[664]m ARAGONTA Pinioliz, daughter of PIÑOLO Gundemáriz & his wife Jimena Vélaz.  Her marriage is confirmed by an undated charter at Coriaswhich records that [her son] “comes Sancius Xemeni” inherited “monasterium Sancti Micaelis de Canero” from “patre suo comite Xemeno Xemeniz et de matre sua comitissa Aragonti” and donated it to Corias[665]Her maternal ancestry is confirmed by a charter at Corias records that “comes Vela et uxor eius comitissa Todildi” reconstructed “monasterium Sancti Micaelis de Varzena”, specifying that they had “iiiior filios Vermutus Velaz, Sancio Velaz, Ouevo Velaz, Xemena Vela”, and adding that Jimena Vela was “mater comitissa Aragonti de qua...natus est Piniolus comes[666].  Her paternal ancestry is suggested by her naming her son Piñolo.  Jimeno & his wife had five children: 

i)          PIÑOLO Jiménez (-22 May 1049, bur San Juan de Corias)He and his brother were sons of Jimeno Jiménez according to Sáez[667].  His maternal ancestry is established by a document which records that “Comes Vela et uxor eius comitissa Todildi” founded the monastery of San Miguel de Bárcena, the document specifying that the couple had “iv filios, Vermutu Velaz, Sancio Velaz, Oveco Velaz et Xemena Velaz” and adding that “Xemena Velaz fuit mater comitisse Aragonti” and that Aragonta was mother of “comes Piniolus[668].  "Munnio Roderiquiz…cum coniuge mea Razel" donated the monastery of Santiago y San Miguel Arcángel, León and other properties, including "la villa de Mansilla Mayor…fuit…de genitore meo Ruderigo Muniz", to León Cathedral by charter dated 12 Nov 1012, witnessed by "…Munnio Ruderiquiz dux, Munnio Munniz, Pinniolo Scemeniz, Fredenando Flainiz, Petro Froilaz, Petro Flainiz"[669].  Alfonso V King of León granted property to "Cidi Domnaliz" by charter dated 18 Mar 1019, subscribed by "Pelagio Froilz cod. arma regis, Aluaro Ordoniz, Roderico Veillaz, Enego Veillaz, Piniolo Eximeniz, Vellasco Alemeiuze, Vermudo Cidiz"[670].  “...Piniolo Semeniz...” confirmed the charter dated 18 May 1019 under which Alfonso V King of León granted "vilas...in Ual de Lorma in tereturio Leonesis", confiscated from “Cotina Fernadiz et filium suum Fredenato Pelagiz...abesaris nostris...”, to "Petro Flaginizi et uxore sua Bronildi"[671].  Alférez: ...Pinniolo Xemeniz armiger regis...” confirmed the charter dated 30 Jun 1019 which records that “Uimara Sesnandiz” sold “villa...Bobatellato “Paterno cognomento Annaia Uelasquiz et uxor tua Sanctia et filias tuas Maria et Momadonna[672].  Alfonso V King of León granted property to "Riquilo" by charter dated 19 Aug 1022, subscribed by "comes Monio Muniuzi, Petrus Muniuzi, Petrus Fernandizi, Pelagius Mendizi, Rodorigo Ordonizi, Piniolus armiger regis, Rodorigo Romanizi, Sanctio Exemenizi, Rodorigo Veilaz, Enego Veilazi"[673].  Founder with his wife of the monastery of San Juan de Corias, his mother and maternal grandmother being named in a document which records the foundation[674]El conde Piñolo y la condesa Aldonza” bought property “la mitad de Veiga de Meredo” from “Auria Pinioliz” by charter dated 1026[675]King Vermudo III donated various properties to “comiti...Pigniolo Xemeni et uxori Ildontie” and to San Juan de Corias by charter dated 11 May 1031[676].  An undated charter at Corias records that “Piniolus Xemeni comes et coniux mea comitissa Ildoncia Munionis” donated to Corias “in villam de Corias...quatuor ecclesias...que fuerunt de parentibus nostris” (“Sancta Maria de Regula, Sancta Maria de Carozeda, Sancta Marina de Ouancaro, Sanctum Iohannem de Araniego”)[677].  It is not clear from the document whether the churches in question were inherited from the family of Piñolo Jiménez or that of his wife Aldonza Muñoz.  "Comidesa domna Eldonza…cum viro meo comide Pinolo Semenezi" donated "ereditates…de pater nostro Monio Roderiquizi in teridorio Ual de Poblo in logo…in Quintana" to "Vermudo Uelazi et ad ucxor uestra Geluira" by charter dated 17 Nov 1046[678]...Piniolo Xemenez comes...” [signing third] subscribed the charter dated 1 Oct 1047 under which Fernando I King of Castile confirmed properties to the bishop of León[679]m (before 1026) ALDONZA Muñoz, daughter of MUNIO Rodríguez & his wife Anderquina Fróilaz (-after [1065]).  El conde Piñolo y la condesa Aldonza” bought property “la mitad de Veiga de Meredo” from “Auria Pinioliz” by charter dated 1026[680]King Vermudo III donated various properties to “comiti...Pigniolo Xemeni et uxori Ildontie” and to San Juan de Corias by charter dated 11 May 1031[681].  “Piniolus Ximenez comes et coniux mea comitisa Ildoncia Munionis” founded the monastery of San Juan de Corias, including the donation of property “...in Navego illa villa de Palacio quæ fuit de sororibus nostris Auria et Munia”, by charter dated 1044[682]"Comidesa domna Eldonza…cum viro meo comide Pinolo Semenezi" donated "ereditates…de pater nostro Monio Roderiquizi in teridorio Ual de Poblo in logo…in Quintana" to "Vermudo Uelazi et ad ucxor uestra Geluira" by charter dated 17 Nov 1046[683].  “La condesa Aldonza…cum viro meo comite Piniolo Scemeniz” donated “la villa de Andoriga de abio nostro Froila Velaz et de abia nostra domna Eylo et de parentes nostros comites Monnio Roderiquiz et Inderquina” to San Vicente de Oviedo by charter dated 18 Jul 1047[684]La condesa Aldonza” exchanged property with the monastery of San Juan de Corias by charter dated 1052[685].  “La condesa Aldonza” built the monastery of “San Martín de Mántara, junto al río Poleiana” and donated it to the monastery of San Juan de Corias by charter dated 1054[686].  “Comitissa domna Esloncia et sororibus meis domna Mayior et domna Elo et item alia domna Geloria…cum Monnio Pelaiz” declared that “comes Munio Ruderiquiz maior et uxor eius comitissa domna Henderquina fuerun parentes de istas quatuor comitissas”, that “domna Esloncia uxor comitis Piniolo Xemeniz habuit filios”, that “comitissa domna Elo fuit uxor comes domno Gundisalvo et habuit filios...Assur Gunsalviz, Petrus Gunzalvis, Munnio Gunsaluiz, Ximena Gunsaluiz, Eslonza Gunsaluis”, that “comitissa domna Maiur fuit uxor Munio Fredinandiz et habuit filios”, that “comitissa domna Geloira fuit uxor comes Fredinando Muniz et habuit filios Munnio Fredinandiz et aliorum quoru nomina ignoro”, that “Munio Pelaez, Ordonia Pelaiz, Petrus Pelaiz, Pelagius Pelaiz fuenrunt filios de Pelagio Froilaz et comitissa domna Eslonza”, and conclude by confirming that the monastery of Cartavio and the castillo de Aguilar belonged to the church of Oviedo, by charter dated 28 Jun 1056[687]La condesa Aldonza” donated property “la vila de Palacio que había comprador a Felix Sarraciniz” to the monastery of San Juan de Corias by charter dated [1065][688].  “Rodrigo Moñiz, hijo del conde Munio Rodriguez” exchanged property “la villa de Villa Cagin por otras Vilas en Figueras y en Adralés” with “la condesa Aldonza” by charter dated [1065][689]

ii)         ÍÑIGO Jiménez

iii)        SANCHO Jiménez .  He inherited the monastery of San Miguel de Canero from his parents, who are named in the document in the Libro Registro de Corias[690].  Alfonso V King of León granted property to "Riquilo" by charter dated 19 Aug 1022, subscribed by "comes Monio Muniuzi, Petrus Muniuzi, Petrus Fernandizi, Pelagius Mendizi, Rodorigo Ordonizi, Piniolus armiger regis, Rodorigo Romanizi, Sanctio Exemenizi, Rodorigo Veilaz, Enego Veilazi"[691].  "…Sancius Scemeniz…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Mar 1028 under which "Tarasia proles Ueremudi principis et xristi ancilla" donated property in León to Santiago de Compostela, for the soul of "genitricis mee dive memorie dne. Giloire regine"[692]Conde.  An undated charter at Corias records that “comes Sancius Xemeniz” donated serfs to “monasterio Sancti Micaelis de Canero[693].  Another undated charter at Corias records that “comes Sancius Xemeni” inherited “monasterium Sancti Micaelis de Canero” from “patre suo comite Xemeno Xemeniz et de matre sua comitissa Aragonti” and donated it to Corias[694]A charter dated 26 Feb 1052 records "hereditate de illo comite Monio Rodriguez et de illa comitissa dona Adusenda que testavit illo comite Santio Gemeniz et illa comitissa donna Maria" and the donation by the latter couple of the monastery of Santiago de Tera to the monastery of Santa Marta de Tera, witnessed by "comitissa dona Mumadona…comes Petrus Didaz"[695]m MARÍA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 26 Feb 1052 records "hereditate de illo comite Monio Rodriguez et de illa comitissa dona Adusenda que testavit illo comite Santio Gemeniz et illa comitissa donna Maria" and the donation by the latter couple of the monastery of Santiago de Tera to the monastery of Santa Marta de Tera, witnessed by "comitissa dona Mumadona…comes Petrus Didaz"[696]

iv)       AURIA Jiménez (-before 1049).  An undated charter at Corias records that “Piniolus Xemeni comes et coniux mea comitissa Ildoncia Munionis” donated to Corias “in Auanzenia, Villa mediana” which was “de sororibus nostris Auria et Mumadompna[697], indicating that the donor survived both his sisters. 

v)        MUNIADOMNA Jiménez (-[1028/49]).  An undated charter at Corias, which records the foundation of “monasterium Sancti Micaeli de Legione”, recites that “Munio Munionis comes, filius comitis Munionis Roderici cognomento Canis” married secondly “comitissam Mumadompnam Xemeni sororem comitis Pinioli”, clarifying that she survived both her husband and their daughter and divided her husband´s inheritance with “filiastra...eius Xemena Moniz[698].  Another undated charter at Corias records that “villa de Campo Salinarum” was “hereditas comitis Munionis Monis et comitissa Mumadompna[699].  As his wife was named in this document, the property in question was presumably inherited by Munio from his second wife´s family.  An undated charter at Corias records that “Piniolus Xemeni comes et coniux mea comitissa Ildoncia Munionis” donated to Corias “in Auanzenia, Villa mediana” which was “de sororibus nostris Auria et Mumadompna[700], indicating that the donor survived both his sisters.  m as his second wife, conde MUNIO Muñoz, son of MUNIO Rodríguez "Canis" & his wife Anderquina Fróilaz (-after 15 Nov 1028). 

d)         FRUELA Jiménez (-after 12 Nov 1012).  “...Froila Scemeniz...” subscribed the charter dated 1 Jan 986 under which King Vermudo II confirmed rights to Celanova[701].  Fruela Jiménez was last named in a charter of King Alfonso V dated 12 Nov 1012[702]

e)         VELASCO Jiménez (-after [1014]).  "Comitissa domna Gonzina" donated "ecclesia…Sancti Martini episcopi" to "mihi…confratris Valasco Scemeniz" by charter dated 23 Jan 994[703]

f)          GOTINA Jiménez (-after 994).  "Adosinda" donated property "in villa…Villacova subtus monte de Cavallus…" to Vimeiro monastery, including "ratione de filia mea Gontina" by charter dated 10 Mar 961[704].  “Gonzina” donated property “de riuulo Baruantes” to Celanova, for the soul of “viri mei Suari ducis”, by charter dated 11 Jul 991, confirmed by “...Menendo Menendiz dux...[705].  "Comitissa domna Gonzina" donated "ecclesia…Sancti Martini episcopi" to "mihi…confratris Valasco Scemeniz" by charter dated 23 Jan 994[706]m conde SUERO Gundemáriz, son of GUNDEMARO --- & his wife --- (-before 11 Jul 991). 

4.         MUNIADOMNA Díaz (-after 4 Dec 968).  "Ranemirus" [brother of Alfonso IV King of Leon] granted "villa…Crexemir" {Creixomil} to "Ermegildus et Mummadomna" by charter dated 22 Feb 926, witnessed by "Aloitus Lucidi, Fredenandus Ouecoz, Fredenandus Alderotiz, Lucidus Aloitis, Froila Gundesindi…"[707].  "Honecca…cum filiis meis Munna, Ledegundia, Exemenus et Mummadonna" donated property to the monastery of Lorvão by charter dated 5 Dec 928, subscribed by "Honneca, Munnia, Ledegundia, Exemenus Didaz, Mummadomna, Aloytus Lucidi, Roderigus Tedoniz, Ermegildus Gundisaluiz, Gundesindus Didaz…"[708].  The order of the names of the subscribers suggests that the husbands of the donor´s daughters follow their wives, in order.  "Mummadonna…cum filios meos Gunsaluus Didacus Ranimirus diaconus Onecha a deo uota Donnus nunus et Arriane" distributed property of "viro meo diue memorie Domno Ermigildo" by charter dated 5 Aug 950[709].  ["Ranemirus…princeps" [Ramiro II King of Leon] granted "villa nostra propria Mellares" to "Mummadomna" the charter dated 18 May 952 (must be redated to before 950), subscribed by "…Ueremundus rex, Aloito Lucidi…Lucidus Aloitiz…"[710].  The anachronistic reference to "Ueremundus rex" suggests that the document is spurious.]  "Mummadomna Didaci et Onecce filia", widow of "Ermegildo prolix Gundisalui et Tarasia", together with "liberos…amborum…Gundisalbus Didacus Ranimirus, Nunus Arriane et Onecce", donated numerous properties to Vimieiro monastery by charter dated 26 Jan 959, which also names "Gutier Roderici cum coniuge nate mee Onecce…germanus noster domnus Exemenus"[711].  She founded the monastery of Guimarães in Portugal[712].  "Mummadomna…castellum…sanctum Mames" issued a charter dated 4 Dec 968 subscribed by "Gundisalvo Memendiz, Rudesindus Roderici…Honneca Menendi filia, Flamula Pelagii filia, Uelasquita Pelagii filii"[713]m conde HERMENEGILDO González, son of GONZALO Betótiz & his wife Teresa Eriz (-950 or before). 

5.         [SISNANDO Díaz (-after 17 Sep 924).  "…Didacus Crenandiz, Gundisaluus Bettotiz, Guter Menendez comes, Gutier Osoriiz, Theudericus Lucidi, Tellus Bettotiz, Menendus Menendez, Scemenus Didaci, Sisandus Didaci" subscribed the charter dated 17 Sep 924 under which King Fruela II donated “conmisso de Montanos” to Santiago de Compostela[714].] 

 

 

ERO Fernández, son of [FERNANDO --- & his wife Gutina --- (-after 24 Sep 926, bur Santa María de Ferreira de Pallares)Conde [de Lugo].  "…Pelagius comes, Froila comes, Lucidius comes, Erus Fredernandi, Ascarius, Petrus, Munio Muniz comes, Osorio comes, Gundesaluus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 899 under which Alfonso III King of Asturias consecrated the church of Santiago de Compostela[715]The Cronica de Sampiro (interpolated, España Sagrada edition), after quoting Papal correspondence relating to Santiago de Compostela, records a council held in Oviedo dated 7 May 899 in the presence of all the bishops and “Alvarus Lunensis comes, Veremundus Legionensis comes, Sarracinus Astoricæ et Verizo comes, Veremundus Torrensis comes, Berotus in Deza comes, Ermenegildus Tudæ et Portugalæ comes, Arias filius eius Eminio comes, Pelagius Breganciæ comes, Odoarius Castellæ et Aucæ comes, Silus Prucii comes, Erus in Lugo comes[716]The territorial attributions are atypical of contemporary documentation which suggests that the charter is spurious.  However, many of the names are recognizable as noblemen who are recorded at that time in other documents.  “...Erus in Lugo comes...” presumably refers to Ero Fernández.  He founded the monastery of Santa María de Ferreira de Pallares with his second wife[717].  He governed the county of Lugo during the reign of Ordoño II King of León[718].  “Munio, Eldontia, Erus Fredenandi, Gundesindus Didaci, Armentarium Siloni” confirmed the charter dated 24 Sep 926 under which “Gunterigus” granted dower to “sponse mee Gunterode[719]

m firstly ADOSINDA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Mar 934 under which “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” (her grandchildren) agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde[720]

m secondly ELVIRA, daughter of ---. 

Ero & his first wife had three children:

1.         ILDUARA Eriz (-958).  A charter dated 23 Dec 927 records donations by “Gutier Menendiz comes…cum coniuge sua domna Ylduara” to the monastery of Santa María de Loyo, an interpolated document recording that “Ylduara cum filiis meis…Rudesindus episcopus, Munnio, Froila, Adosinda, Ermesinda” confirmed the donation for the soul of “nostro domno diue memoria domno Guttierre[721].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Mar 934 under which “Rudesindus episcopus, Munionem, Froilanem, Adosinda et Ermesinda” (her children) agreed the division of territories inherited from “avorum nostrorum Hermegildi et Ermesinde, Eroni et Adosinde[722]m conde GUTIERRE Menéndez, son of HERMENEGILDO Gutiérrez & his wife Ermesinda Gatóniz (-before 934). 

2.         GUNDESINDO Eriz (-[947]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe", names their children "filius…Suarius, Ermesinda et Adosinda et Froilo…cum infirmidate nata", records his foundation of churches "inter Durio et Uauga in villa Acibeto…in villa Sanganeto…", and that he committed "filia mea Froilo" to "domna Geluira abatisisa"[723]

-        see below

3.         GUGINA Eriz [724]m [her uncle], GODESTEO Fernández, son of FERNANDO --- & his wife --- (-922). 

Ero & his [first/second] wife had two children:

4.         TERESA Eriz (-after 936).  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated to [956] which records the settlement of property disputes relating to “el territorio de Salnés” and names “domno Gundisalbus dux comite et…comitesa domna Tarasia…comite domno Pelagio prolis Gundisalbizi et illa regina domna Aragonta sororem suam…comitessa domna Elduara[725].  “Gundesaluus, Tarasia...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[726].  Yepes refers to the foundation of the monastery of San Lorenzo de Cargueiro in Galicia by “el conde don Gonçalo y...la condesa doña Teresa” by charter dated 936 but he does not cite the primary source[727]m conde GONZALO Betótiz, son of conde ALFONSO "Betote" & his wife --- (-after 20 Nov 929). 

5.         GOTO Eriz (-[960])m MUNIO, son of ---.  Munio & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [ERO Muñiz (-after 949).  Son of Munio and Goto Eriz according to Sáez[728], although it is unclear whether this is based on anything other than onomastics.  He confirmed a diploma of Ramiro II King of León in 949.]  m ---.  The name of Ero's wife is not known.  Ero & his wife had [six] children: 

i)          ALFONSO Eriz (-after 984).  Tenente of Corrado[729]

ii)         GONZALO Eriz (-after 982).  "Gundisaluus Erotiz…Suario Erotiz" subscribed a charter dated 1 Sep 982 which records that "Suario Sandiniz" died "absque filiis legitimis", leaving "suo iermano Fredenando Sandiniz" as his heir[730]

iii)        SUERO Eriz (-after 982).  "Gundisaluus Erotiz…Suario Erotiz" subscribed a charter dated 1 Sep 982 which records that "Suario Sandiniz" died "absque filiis legitimis", leaving "suo iermano Fredenando Sandiniz" as his heir[731]

iv)       LEODEGUNDIA Eriz (-after 990).  "Leodegundie prolis Eroni" donated "hereditatem in villa Alduari territorio Portugal subtus Mons Mahamut", obtained by "avia nostra domna Godo exceptis racione de Vimara Ermiariz", by charter dated 19 Nov 990[732]

v)        [EGAS Eriz "Iala" (-before 13 Jan 1053).  A charter dated 13 Jan 1053 relating to "villa Viariz" names "Egas Erotez in terram Portugalensis", "domno Froia Osorediz et…coniungia sua domna Adosinda qui erat iermana de domno Egas", and "domno Guntsalbo filii Egas…et coniungia eius domna Flamula"[733]Mattoso proposes that Egas was the son of Ero Muñiz as he appears in the same region as his supposed brothers[734].  Ancestor of the Señores de Marnel.] 

vi)       [ADOSINDA Eriz (-before 13 Jan 1053).  A charter dated 13 Jan 1053 relating to "villa Viariz" names "Egas Erotez in terram Portugalensis", "domno Froia Osorediz et…coniungia sua domna Adosinda qui erat iermana de domno Egas", and "domno Guntsalbo filii Egas…et coniungia eius domna Flamula"[735]m FRUELA Osorio, son of OSORIO --- & his wife ---.] 

 

 

1.         FRUELA --- .  m ---.  The name of Fruela´s wife is not known.  Fruela & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUNDESINDO Froílaz (-after 19 Dec 937).  Conde: “Gundesindus Froiani et comyti...Ranimirus...princeps, Frunymius, Hordonius prolis regis, Uirmundus Nunniz, Froyla Uigilaniz” confirmed the charter dated 22 Apr 932 under which “Benedicti presbiter cognomento Pascale et mater mea Coreiscia” donated “villa...Matella et alius terras in Morella suburbio territorio Legionense...[736].  His name and patronymic suggest that this person belonged to the family of Ero Fernández.  If the date of the charter is correct, he was too young to be the son of Fruela Gundesíndez who is named below.  “...Gundesindus Froilaz...” confirmed the charter dated 19 Dec 937 under which King Ramiro II granted “hereditatem de homicidanes de uilla Matella qui occiderunt suprino nostro Odoario Didazi” to "Hermegildus"[737]

 

 

GUNDESINDO Eriz, son of ERO Fernández & his first wife Adosinda --- (-after [947]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe", names their children "filius…Suarius, Ermesinda et Adosinda et Froilo…cum infirmidate nata", records his foundation of churches "inter Durio et Uauga in villa Acibeto…in villa Sanganeto…", and that he committed "filia mea Froilo" to "domna Geluira abatisisa"[738].  "Aloitus Lucidi, Fredenandus Ouecoz, Fredenandus Alderotiz, Lucidus Aloitis, Froila Gundesindi…Didacus Fernandit, Gundesindus Eroni, Ueremudus Lucidi…" subscribed the charter dated 22 Feb 926 under which "Ranemirus" [brother of Alfonso IV King of Leon] granted "villa…Crexemir" {Creixomil} to "Ermegildus et Mummadomna"[739]"Sancius...rex" donated “Bustum...latere montis Luanie...Varganum” to Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 25 Aug 927, subscribed by “Gundisaluus Betoniz, Gundesindus Eroni, Gundulfus Odori, Spasandus, Froila Menendiz, Guther Osoriz, Ordonius, Nunius Osorici, Arias Alvitiz, Cresconius[740]

m ENDERQUINA Menéndez "Pala", daughter of HERMENEGILDO Gutiérrez & his wife Ermesenda Gatóniz (-before [947]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe", names their children "filius…Suarius, Ermesinda et Adosinda et Froilo…cum infirmidate nata", records his foundation of churches "inter Durio et Uauga in villa Acibeto…in villa Sanganeto…", and that he committed "filia mea Froilo" to "domna Geluira abatisisa"[741]

Gundesindo & his wife had five children: 

1.         SUERO Gundesíndez (-before 964).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe", names their children "filius…Suarius, Ermesinda et Adosinda et Froilo…cum infirmidate nata", records his foundation of churches "inter Durio et Uauga in villa Acibeto…in villa Sanganeto…", and that he committed "filia mea Froilo" to "domna Geluira abatisisa"[742].  A charter dated 2 Dec 1019 refers to the foundation of the monastery of Sever by "Suario Gundesindiz et coniuge sua domna Goldrogodro" who bequeathed property to "Sandinu Suariz et suo iermano Gundesindo Suariz", confirmed in the charter by "Nunus Fredenandiz et Sandinus Fredenandiz…et de nostras iermanas"[743]m GOLDREGOTO, daughter of --- (-before 964).  A charter dated 2 Dec 1019 refers to the foundation of the monastery of Sever by "Suario Gundesindiz et coniuge sua domna Goldrogodro" who bequeathed property to "Sandinu Suariz et suo iermano Gundesindo Suariz", confirmed in the charter by "Nunus Fredenandiz et Sandinus Fredenandiz…et de nostras iermanas"[744].  Suero & his wife had two children: 

a)         SENDINO Suárez (-before 981).  "Sandinus et Gundesindus prolis Suarii et Goldregodo…cum uxoribus et filiis nostris" donated property "in…villa…Seueri" to Coimbra monastery by charter dated 25 Sep 964[745].  He is named with his wife [before 981] in the donation of their son Fernando to the monastery of Lorvão[746].  A charter dated 2 Dec 1019 refers to the foundation of the monastery of Sever by "Suario Gundesindiz et coniuge sua domna Goldrogodro" who bequeathed property to "Sandinu Suariz et suo iermano Gundesindo Suariz", confirmed in the charter by "Nunus Fredenandiz et Sandinus Fredenandiz…et de nostras iermanas"[747]m JIMENA, daughter of --- (-before 981).  Her marriage is indicated by the charter dated 981 under which her supposed son "Fredenando Sandiniz et uxor mea Geluira" donated "tertia de villa…Recardanes in ripa de Agada", obtained by "Sandinus Suariz et uxor sua Exemena"[748], although the document does not specify that Sendino Suárez and his wife were the parents of the donor.  A charter dated 20 Aug 1011 refers to a donation by "domna Scemena…in manus de filios suos…Suario Sandiniz, Fredenando Sandiniz, Uimara Ermiariz et coniungie sue Guldregodo"[749].  Sendino & his wife had three children: 

i)          FERNANDO Sendíniz (-before 1019).  "Fredenando Sandiniz et uxor mea Geluira" donated "tertia de villa…Recardanes in ripa de Agada", obtained by "Sandinus Suariz et uxor sua Exemena", to Lorvão by charter dated 981, subscribed by "Gundisaluus Muneonis, Suario Sandiniz, Ranemiro Gunzaluiz, Menendo Gunzaluiz…"[750].  A charter dated 20 Aug 1011 refers to a donation by "domna Scemena…in manus de filios suos…Suario Sandiniz, Fredenando Sandiniz, Uimara Ermiariz et coniungie sue Guldregodo"[751]Condem ELVIRA, daughter of ---.  "Fredenando Sandiniz et uxor mea Geluira" donated "tertia de villa…Recardanes in ripa de Agada", obtained by "Sandinus Suariz et uxor sua Exemena", to Lorvão by charter dated 981[752].  Fernando & his wife had five children: 

(a)       NUÑO Fernández (-after 1019).  A charter dated 2 Dec 1019 refers to the foundation of the monastery of Sever by "Suario Gundesindiz et coniuge sua domna Goldrogodro" who bequeathed property to "Sandinu Suariz et suo iermano Gundesindo Suariz", confirmed in the charter by "Nunus Fredenandiz et Sandinus Fredenandiz…et de nostras iermanas"[753]

(b)       SENDINO Fernández (-after 1019).  A charter dated 2 Dec 1019 refers to the foundation of the monastery of Sever by "Suario Gundesindiz et coniuge sua domna Goldrogodro" who bequeathed property to "Sandinu Suariz et suo iermano Gundesindo Suariz", confirmed in the charter by "Nunus Fredenandiz et Sandinus Fredenandiz…et de nostras iermanas"[754]

(c)       SARRACINA Fernández (-after 1048).  "Sarrazina confessa prolix Fredenandi et Ieluire" donated property to "eglesia…sanctorum Cosme et Damiani" by charter dated 24 Sep 1031[755].  "Exemena prolix Fredenandi […et Ieluira]…cum filia mea domna Maior" sold "hereditate nostra…in villa Gundivadi et in villa Rial…territorio Portugalense" by charter dated 24 Feb 1037, confirmed by "Sarrazina domna"[756].  "Sarracina domna…filia dux Fernandi et Ieluira" sold "hereditate mea…in villa Rial…territorio Portugalense" by charter dated 12 Feb 1040, confirmed by "comitissa domna Exemina"[757].  "Sarracina deovota prolix Fredenamdo" sold property "in villa…Gemumdi terridorio Portugalemsis" by charter dated 1 Apr 1048, confirmed by "Ermesinda prolix Fredenamdo, Exemena prolix Fredenando"[758]

(d)       ERMESENDA Fernández (-after 1 Apr 1048).  "Comite Gundisaluo filius Froila et uxori mee Ermesenda filia Fredenandu et Ieloira" sold "hereditate nostra…in villa Rrial…territorium Portugalense" by charter dated 15 Mar 1037[759].  "Sarracina deovota prolix Fredenamdo" sold property "in villa…Gemumdi terridorio Portugalemsis" by charter dated 1 Apr 1048, confirmed by "Ermesinda prolix Fredenamdo, Exemena prolix Fredenando"[760]m GONZALO Froílaz, son of FRUELA González & his wife ---. 

(e)       JIMENA Fernández (-[1078]).  "Comidessa domna Xemena ploriz Fredenando et Geloira" donated property "in Villa Pejarious…in termino de Tauginia…", with the consent of "fili meo Suario Pelagizi et conjugia mea Eilan", by charter dated 24 Mar 1034, approved by "Pelagio Nunizi"[761].  "Exemena prolix Fredenandi […et Ieluira]…cum filia mea domna Maior" sold "hereditate nostra…in villa Gundivadi et in villa Rial…territorio Portugalense" by charter dated 24 Feb 1037, confirmed by "Sarrazina domna"[762].  "Sarracina domna…filia dux Fernandi et Ieluira" sold "hereditate mea…in villa Rial…territorio Portugalense" by charter dated 12 Feb 1040, confirmed by "comitissa domna Exemina"[763].  "Sarracina deovota prolix Fredenamdo" sold property "in villa…Gemumdi terridorio Portugalemsis" by charter dated 1 Apr 1048, confirmed by "Ermesinda prolix Fredenamdo, Exemena prolix Fredenando"[764]m conde PELAYO ---, same person as …?  PELAYO Núñez, son of ---. 

ii)         SUERO Sendíniz (-[981/1 Sep 982]).  "Fredenando Sandiniz et uxor mea Geluira" donated "tertia de villa…Recardanes in ripa de Agada", obtained by "Sandinus Suariz et uxor sua Exemena", to Lorvão by charter dated 981, subscribed by "Gundisaluus Muneonis, Suario Sandiniz, Ranemiro Gunzaluiz, Menendo Gunzaluiz…"[765].  A charter dated 1 Sep 982 records that "Suario Sandiniz" died "absque filiis legitimis", leaving "suo iermano Fredenando Sandiniz" as his heir[766].  A charter dated 20 Aug 1011 refers to a donation by "domna Scemena…in manus de filios suos…Suario Sandiniz, Fredenando Sandiniz, Uimara Ermiariz et coniungie sue Guldregodo"[767]

iii)        GOLDREGOTO Sendíniz (-after 976).  A charter dated 20 Aug 1011 refers to a donation by "domna Scemena…in manus de filios suos…Suario Sandiniz, Fredenando Sandiniz, Uimara Ermiariz et coniungie sue Guldregodo"[768]m VIMARA Ermiariz

b)         GUNDESINDO Suárez (-after 25 Sep 964).  "Sandinus et Gundesindus prolis Suarii et Goldregodo…cum uxoribus et filiis nostris" donated property "in…villa…Seueri" to Coimbra monastery by charter dated 25 Sep 964[769].  A charter dated 2 Dec 1019 refers to the foundation of the monastery of Sever by "Suario Gundesindiz et coniuge sua domna Goldrogodro" who bequeathed property to "Sandinu Suariz et suo iermano Gundesindo Suariz", confirmed in the charter by "Nunus Fredenandiz et Sandinus Fredenandiz…et de nostras iermanas"[770]m --- (-after 25 Sep 964).  The name of Gundesindo's wife is not known.  Gundesindo & his wife had one child: 

i)          HONORICO Gundesíndez .  He names his great-grandfather Gundesendo Eriz[771]m --- (-after 1041).  Honorico & his wife had one child: 

(a)       [772]CHAMOA Honoríquez (-after [1079]).  m GONZALO Viegas de Marnel (-1057). 

2.         ERMESENDA Gundesíndez (-after [947]).  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe", names their children "filius…Suarius, Ermesinda et Adosinda et Froilo…cum infirmidate nata", records his foundation of churches "inter Durio et Uauga in villa Acibeto…in villa Sanganeto…", and that he committed "filia mea Froilo" to "domna Geluira abatisisa"[773].  According to Mattoso[774], the wife of Arias Menéndez, son of Hermenegildo Gutiérrez & his wife Ermesinda Gatónez (-before 924), was the daughter of Gundesindo Ériz but this must be incorrect as he would have been her maternal uncle. 

3.         ADOSINDA Gundesíndez (-after [947]).  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe", names their children "filius…Suarius, Ermesinda et Adosinda et Froilo…cum infirmidate nata", records his foundation of churches "inter Durio et Uauga in villa Acibeto…in villa Sanganeto…", and that he committed "filia mea Froilo" to "domna Geluira abatisisa"[775].  She married against the wishes of her father[776]m ANSUR Benfrogia

4.         FRUELA Gundesindez (-after 26 Sep 942).  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 21 Feb 897 which records that "Gondesindus prolis Erus et Adosinda" accepted as his wife "Enderquina conmento Pala filia dux Menemdus Gutierizi et Ermesinda iermana de domna Geluira regina que fuit mulier de Ordonius rex mater Ranemirus principe", names their children "filius…Suarius, Ermesinda et Adosinda et Froilo…cum infirmidate nata", records his foundation of churches "inter Durio et Uauga in villa Acibeto…in villa Sanganeto…", and that he committed "filia mea Froilo" to "domna Geluira abatisisa"[777].  “...Erus Gundesindiz...Froila Gundesendiz...” confirmed the charter dated 27 Feb 938 under which “Ylduara” donated properties to Celanova[778].  “...Froila Gondesindiz comes et dux, Herus Gundesindiz comes et dux...” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which “Rudesindus Dumiensis episcopo” donated properties to Celanova[779]

5.         ERO Gundesíndez (-after 26 Sep 942).  “...Erus Gundesindiz...Froila Gundesendiz...” confirmed the charter dated 27 Feb 938 under which “Ylduara” donated properties to Celanova[780].  “...Froila Gondesindiz comes et dux, Herus Gundesindiz comes et dux...” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which “Rudesindus Dumiensis episcopo” donated properties to Celanova[781]

 

 

GODESTEO Fernández, son of [FERNANDO --- & his wife Gotina ---] (-922).  The charter dated 18 Nov 952 of his grandson "Veremudus Adefonsi" records that "villa Mediana subtus Monte Gauano inter…fluvio Durii et alio Ribulo" had been held by "avius meus domno Gudesteo"[782]

m [his niece,] GUGINA Eriz, daughter of [783][ERO Fernández] & his [first] wife [Adosinda ---]. 

Godesteo & his wife had [seven] children: 

1.         ALFONSO Godestéiz (-before 952).  Torres names “Alfonso, Ansur, Fernando, Mansuara y Ordoño” as the children of Godesteo Eriz and his wife Gontina[784].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Nov 952 under which his son "Veremudus Adefonsi" exchanged "villa Mediana subtus Monte Gauano inter…fluvio Durii et alio Ribulo", obtained from "avius meus domno Gudesteo", with "tia nostra domna Mummadomna"[785]m ---.  The name of Alfonso's wife is not known.  Alfonso & his wife had one child:

a)         VERMUDO Alfonso (-952).  “...Ueremudus Adefonsi...” subscribed the charter dated 20 Nov 929 under which “Aragonti” donated property to the monastery of Carboeiro, for the soul of “domini et viri mei Hordonii principis[786].  "Veremudus Adefonsi" exchanged "villa Mediana subtus Monte Gauano inter…fluvio Durii et alio Ribulo", obtained from "avius meus domno Gudesteo", with "tia nostra domna Mummadomna" for various other towns in Galicia by charter dated 18 Nov 952[787]

2.         ANSUR Godestéiz (-951).  Torres names “Alfonso, Ansur, Fernando, Mansuara y Ordoño” as the children of Godesteo Eriz and his wife Gontina[788].  "Ansur prolix Goesteiz et uxoris sue Eieuua" founded "ecclesiam in…villa Arauca" by charter dated 7 Sep 951[789]m EILEUVA, daughter of ---.  "Ansur prolix Goesteiz et uxoris sue Eieuua" founded "ecclesiam in…villa Arauca" by charter dated 7 Sep 951[790]

3.         FERNANDO Godestéiz .  Torres names “Alfonso, Ansur, Fernando, Mansuara y Ordoño” as the children of Godesteo Eriz and his wife Gontina[791]

4.         MANSURA Godestéiz .  Torres names “Alfonso, Ansur, Fernando, Mansuara y Ordoño” as the children of Godesteo Eriz and his wife Gontina[792]

5.         ORDOÑO Godestéiz (-after 943).  Torres names “Alfonso, Ansur, Fernando, Mansuara y Ordoño” as the children of Godesteo Eriz and his wife Gontina[793]m ---.  The name of Ordoño's wife is not known.  Ordoño & his wife had two children:

a)         ERO Ordóñez .  “...Erus Ordonis...” confirmed the charter dated 17 Sep 968 under which Ramiro III King of León donated “de comitatu de Mera III, de Nallare IV...et Parriga media et IV de comitato Nemitos” to Sobrado[794]Condem ADOSINDA Muñoz, daughter of MUNIO Sendíniz & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 6 Jan “era I.C.XI” [1073?] under which [her great-granddaughter] “Ermesenda...prolis Nuñiz, qui fuit binepta de comite Ero Ordoniz et coniuge eius Adosenda...comiti Munio Sandinz filia[795].  Ero & his wife had one child: 

i)          PELAYO Eriz .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 6 Jan “era I.C.XI” [1073?] under which [his granddaughter] “Ermesenda...prolis Nuñiz, qui fuit binepta de comite Ero Ordoniz et coniuge eius Adosenda...comiti Munio Sandinz filia” donated property to San Salvador de Chantada, noting that “ipsos relinquerunt filios uno comite Pelagio Erotiz” whose only child was the donor´s mother “doña Onega” who had “filios octo” of whom five sons withdrew from secular life[796].  “Veremudus princeps...Pelagius Erotiz...” confirmed the charter dated to [986/99] under which Pelayo Bishop of Lugo confirmed jurisdiction “in comitatum Presarense...in territorio Nallare” to Sobrado[797]Condem ---.  The name of Pelayo's wife is not known.  Pelayo & his wife had one child:

(a)       ONECA Peláez .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 6 Jan “era I.C.XI” [1073?] under which [her daughter] “Ermesenda...prolis Nuñiz, qui fuit binepta de comite Ero Ordoniz et coniuge eius Adosenda...comiti Munio Sandinz filia” donated property to San Salvador de Chantada, noting that “ipsos relinquerunt filios uno comite Pelagio Erotiz” whose only child was the donor´s mother “doña Onega” who had “filios octo” of whom five sons withdrew from secular life[798]m NUÑO ---, son of --- (-after 1040).  Nuño & his wife had eight children: 

(1)       MUNIO Nuñez (-before 1073).  “Ermesenda prolis Nuñiz...cum germano meo doño Monio prolis Nuñiz” donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Chantada by charter dated 11 Jan “era 2.xi.post i[799].  “Ermesenda...prolis Nuñiz...” donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Chantada, including property which had been held by “meo germano Munio Nuñiz et de nostro subrino Nuno Ordonii”, by charter dated 6 Jan “era I.C.XI” [1073?][800]

(2)       ERMESINDA Nuñez (-after 1065).  “Ermesenda prolis Nuñiz...cum germano meo doño Monio prolis Nuñiz” donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Chantada by charter dated 11 Jan “era 2.xi.post i[801].  “Ermesenda...prolis Nuñiz, qui fuit binepta de comite Ero Ordoniz et coniuge eius Adosenda...comiti Munio Sandinz filia”, adding that “ipsos relinquerunt filios uno comite Pelagio Erotiz” whose only child was the donor´s mother “doña Onega” who had “filios octo” of whom five sons withdrew from secular life and that stating that the donor was the sole surviving heiress and was childless, unmarried and without brothers or nephews, donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Chantada, confirmed the testament of “tia mea domna Ermesenda” who had donated “de Villa Chusanca”, donated property which was held by “meo germano Munio Nuñiz et de nostro subrino Nuno Ordonii” and property inherited from “Adosinda Sandinz”, by charter dated 6 Jan “era I.C.XI” [1073?][802]

(3)       OTROSIA Nuñez (-before [1073]).  m ORDOÑO Romániz, son of ---.  Ordoño & his wife had one child: 

a.         NUÑO Ordóñez (-before [1073]).  “Ermesenda...prolis Nuñiz...” donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Chantada, including property which had been held by “meo germano Munio Nuñiz et de nostro subrino Nuno Ordonii”, by charter dated 6 Jan “era I.C.XI” [1073?][803]

(4)       five sons .  Their parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 6 Jan “era I.C.XI” [1073?] under which [their sister] “Ermesenda...prolis Nuñiz, qui fuit binepta de comite Ero Ordoniz et coniuge eius Adosenda...comiti Munio Sandinz filia” donated property to San Salvador de Chantada, noting that “ipsos relinquerunt filios uno comite Pelagio Erotiz” whose only child was the donor´s mother “doña Onega” who had “filios octo” of whom five sons withdrew from secular life[804]

b)         GODESTEO Ordóñez (-after 959)m LEODEGUNDIA Rodríguez, daughter of RODRIGO --- & his wife ---.  Torres names “Leodegundia Rodriguez” as the wife of “Godesteo Ordóñez” but cites no source on which this information is based[805].  Godesteo & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [OTROSIA .  Torres says that “las genealogías que aporta la documentación gallega nos permiten considerar...una condesa...Odrocia mujer de...Rodrigo Gutiérrez” as “probable hija” of “Godesteo Ordóñez y a su esposa Leodegundia Rodríguez” but she provides no further details nor the basis for Otrosia´s patronymic being Godestéiz[806]King Fernando donated property "in Compostella…[qui] fuit…de Odrozia comitissa…cum filia sua Gyloira et…nepus suum comitem Monninum Ruderici", confiscated after their rebellion, to Celanova by charter dated 19 Aug 1061[807].]  m conde RODRIGO Gutiérrez, son of [808][GUTIERRE Osórez & his wife Ildonza Menéndez].  Rodrigo & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ELVIRA Rodríguez Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1034 under which [her children] Ildonza, Aragonta and Munio “filiis comitis Roderico Romaniz et eius coniugia comitissa Geluira Ruderiquiz” and names “avia nostra...comitissa domna Odrocia[809].  King Fernando donated property "in Compostella…[qui] fuit…de Odrozia comitissa…cum filia sua Gyloira et…nepus suum comitem Monninum Ruderici", confiscated after their rebellion, to Celanova by charter dated 19 Aug 1061[810]m conde RODRIGO Romániz, son of --- (-[30 Dec 1028/22 Jan 1029]). 

6.         [LUCIDIO Godestéiz .  Monk and deacon in Guimarães[811].] 

7.         [--- Godestéiz .]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         GONTINA .  Her uncle Ansur Godestéiz gave her Arouca, which she in turn gave to her niece or granddaughter Toda Godestéiz, probably daughter of Godesteo Muñiz[812]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    GUNDEMÁRIZ FAMILY

 

 

1.         GUNDEMAR --- .  m ---.  The name of Gundemar´s wife is not known.  Gundemar & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         SUERO Gundemáriz (-before 11 Jul 991).  “...Suarius Gundemariz...” confirmed the charter dated 17 Sep 968 under which Ramiro III King of León donated “de comitatu de Mera III, de Nallare IV...et Parriga media et IV de comitato Nemitos” to Sobrado[813]Conde.  He confirmed the 27 Nov 986 donation of Ablavel Godestéiz to the monastery of Sahagún[814].  He rebelled against Vermudo II King of León: a charter dated 30 Aug 1032 records that “in tempore avius noster Veremudus...comites Galletie Suarius Gundemariz ceterosque comites eius complices” rebelled, that his property “castro de Lapio” was confiscated and granted to “comes Vermeudus Vegilaz super comitato Flamoso” to build the church of Santa María, and that King Vermudo III donated the property to the church of Lugo after “comes Ruderico Romaniz suprinus istius Suarius Gundemarit” rebelled[815]m GOTINA Jiménez, daughter of conde JIMENO Díaz & his wife Adosinda Gutiérrez (-after 23 Jan 994).  “Gonzina” donated property “de riuulo Baruantes” to Celanova, for the soul of “viri mei Suari ducis”, by charter dated 11 Jul 991, confirmed by “...Menendo Menendiz dux...[816].  "Comitissa domna Gonzina" donated "ecclesia…Sancti Martini episcopi" to "mihi…confratris Valasco Scemeniz" by charter dated 23 Jan 994[817]

b)         PIÑOLO Gundemáriz (-after 20 Jan 962).  “...Pinnol Gondemariz...” confirmed the charter dated 8 Jun 954 under which King Ordoño III donated “eglesia...Sancti Claudii, Luperci et Uictorici in arraballde...civitatis Legione” to the church of León[818].  "Fortunius Garseani" donated property to the monastery of Sahagún by charter dated 20 Jan 962, confirmed by "…Piniolus Gundemari…"[819]

-        ASTURIAS NOBILITY

c)         [--- Gundemáriz .  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by a charter dated 30 Aug 1032 which records that “in tempore avius noster Veremudus...comites Galletie Suarius Gundemariz ceterosque comites eius complices” rebelled, that his property “castro de Lapio” was confiscated and granted to “comes Vermeudus Vegilaz super comitato Flamoso” to build the church of Santa María, and that King Vermudo III donated the property to the church of Lugo after “comes Ruderico Romaniz suprinus istius Suarius Gundemarit” rebelled[820].]  m ROMÁN ---, son of ---.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos states that this Román, father of Rodrigo Romániz, was the brother of Alfonso II “el Casto” King of Asturias (see the document ASTURIAS, LEÓN KINGS)[821].  Barrau-Dihigo states that Román, alleged son of King Fruela and supposed ancestor of the Traba family, was an entirely fictitious invention[822].  In any case, the identification of any brother of King Alfonso II (who died in 842) as the father of Rodrigo Romániz (who died in [1028/29]) is impossible.  Román & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          RODRIGO Romániz (-[30 Dec 1028/22 Jan 1029]).  His family origin is confirmed by a charter dated 30 Aug 1032 which records that “in tempore avius noster Veremudus...comites Galletie Suarius Gundemariz ceterosque comites eius complices” rebelled, that his property “castro de Lapio” was confiscated and granted to “comes Vermeudus Vegilaz super comitato Flamoso” to build the church of Santa María, and that King Vermudo III donated the property to the church of Lugo after “comes Ruderico Romaniz suprinus istius Suarius Gundemarit” rebelled[823]Conde

-         see below

ii)         [ABDULLAH Romániz (-before 1032).  King Vermudo III granted “medietate in villa Cesam...in territorio Legionensis”, which had first been granted to him by “genitori mei domni Adefonsi principis” but appropriated by “domna Exemena ucsor Abdela Romaniz” now in rebellion and confiscated from her and her sons, to “Fafila Petriz” by charter dated 1032[824].  The precise parentage of Abdullah is not known.  However, the rebellion of Rodrigo Romániz is recorded a few years earlier.  It is possible therefore that Abdullah was his brother and that they had rebelled together (after which Abdullah, whose original name is not known, presumably converted to Islam).  m JIMENA, daughter of ---.  King Vermudo III granted “medietate in villa Cesam...in territorio Legionensis”, which had first been granted to him by “genitori mei domni Adefonsi principis” but appropriated by “domna Exemena ucsor Abdela Romaniz” now in rebellion and confiscated from her and her sons, to “Fafila Petriz” by charter dated 1032[825].] 

 

 

RODRIGO Romániz, son of ROMÁN --- & his wife [--- Gundemáriz] (-[30 Dec 1028/22 Jan 1029]).  His family origin is confirmed by a charter dated 30 Aug 1032 which records that “in tempore avius noster Veremudus...comites Galletie Suarius Gundemariz ceterosque comites eius complices” rebelled, that his property “castro de Lapio” was confiscated and granted to “comes Vermeudus Vegilaz super comitato Flamoso” to build the church of Santa María, and that King Vermudo III donated the property to the church of Lugo after “comes Ruderico Romaniz suprinus istius Suarius Gundemarit” rebelled[826]Conde: "Munnio Roderiquiz…cum coniuge mea Geloira" founded the monastery of San Juan Bautista de León by charter dated 28 Sep 1011, subscribed by "Munnio Ruderici comite, Sarrazino Silez comite, Veila Ennikiz comite, Munnio Nuniz comite, Ruderico Rumaniz comite, Didaco Fredenandi comite"[827].  Alfonso V King of León granted property to "Riquilo" by charter dated 19 Aug 1022, subscribed by "comes Monio Muniuzi, Petrus Muniuzi, Petrus Fernandizi, Pelagius Mendizi, Rodorigo Ordonizi, Piniolus armiger regis, Rodorigo Romanizi, Sanctio Exemenizi, Rodorigo Veilaz, Enego Veilazi"[828].  "…Rudericus Romanz…" subscribed the charter dated 15 Nov 1028 under which "Ueremudus proles Adefonsi principis et Geluire regine" donated "villam meam…Cordario que fuit avorum et parentum meorum Menendi et dne Tote" to Santiago de Compostela[829].  “...Rudericus Romanz comes...” subscribed the charter dated 30 Dec 1028 under which Vermudo III King of León donated “villam...Cordario” to Santiago de Compostela[830].  A charter dated 22 Jan 1029 records that “tempore domni Adefonsi principis...Oueconi Rudesindis filius” had donated property which was wrongly claimed by “comes Rudericus Romaniz” but after he died donated by King Vermudo III to the church of Lugo[831]A charter dated 30 Aug 1032 records that “in tempore avius noster Veremudus...comites Galletie Suarius Gundemariz ceterosque comites eius complices” rebelled, that his property “castro de Lapio” was confiscated and granted to “comes Vermeudus Vegilaz super comitato Flamoso” to build the church of Santa María, and that King Vermudo III donated the property to the church of Lugo after “comes Ruderico Romaniz suprinus istius Suarius Gundemarit” rebelled[832]

m ELVIRA Rodríguez, daughter of conde RODRIGO Gutiérrez & his wife Otrosia Godestéiz.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1034 under which [her children] Ildonza, Aragonta and Munio “filiis comitis Roderico Romaniz et eius coniugia comitissa Geluira Ruderiquiz” and names “avia nostra...comitissa domna Odrocia[833].  King Fernando donated property "in Compostella…[qui] fuit…de Odrozia comitissa…cum filia sua Gyloira et…nepus suum comitem Monninum Ruderici", confiscated after their rebellion, to Celanova by charter dated 19 Aug 1061[834]

Rodrigo & his wife had [four] children:  

1.         ILDONZA Rodríguez (-after 1034).  Ildonza, Aragonta and Munio “filiis comitis Roderico Romaniz et eius coniugia comitissa Geluira Ruderiquiz” donated property by charter dated 1034 which names “avia nostra...comitissa domna Odrocia[835].  According to Torres, citing “el nobiliario del conde D. Pedro” and “la documentación de Ferreira estudiada por Salazar”, she was ancestress of the house of Traba[836].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Aldonça Ruiz" as daughter of "D. Rodrigo Romanes...conde de Monterroso" (stating that he was son of “el Conde D. Roman”, supposed brother of Alfonso II “el Casto” King of Asturias) and records that she married "Conde D. Vermui Frojaz" and was ancestor of the Traba family[837].  In this instance little credence can be attached to the Nobiliario which is inconsistent with earlier primary sources in its description of the Traba descent. 

2.         ARAGONTA Rodríguez (-after 1034).  Ildonza, Aragonta and Munio “filiis comitis Roderico Romaniz et eius coniugia comitissa Geluira Ruderiquiz” donated property by charter dated 1034 which names “avia nostra...comitissa domna Odrocia[838]

3.         MUNIO Rodríguez (-[1074/75])Conde [1030/33].  Pelagius” donated property to Sobrado, with the consent of “comiti Munio Roderici et comitisse domna Eximena”, by charter dated 13 Feb 1033[839]Ildonza, Aragonta and Munio “filiis comitis Roderico Romaniz et eius coniugia comitissa Geluira Ruderiquiz” donated property by charter dated 1034 which names “avia nostra...comitissa domna Odrocia[840].  He rebelled against Fernando I King of Castile, as shown by the document dated 19 Aug 1061 under which King Fernando donated property "in Compostella…[qui] fuit…de Odrozia comitissa…cum filia sua Gyloira et…nepus suum comitem Monninum Ruderici", confiscated after their rebellion, to Celanova[841]Munio Rodríguez granted property to his wife Ilduara Velásquez by charter dated 1074[842]m firstly (before 1033) JIMENA Ordóñez, daughter of ORDOÑO Vermúdez de León & his wife Fronilde Peláez (-after 18 Sep 1042).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Alfonso Ordóñez, Pelayo Ordóñez, Vermudo Ordóñez, Sancho Ordóñez and Jimena Ordóñez" as the children of "Infante Ordoño" & his wife, specifying that Jimena married "count Muño Rodríguez"[843].  Pelagius” donated property to Sobrado, with the consent of “comiti Munio Roderici et comitisse domna Eximena”, by charter dated 13 Feb 1033[844]"Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris Veremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Ximena" donated property to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[845]"Fronildi Pelagius comité filia…et filiis nostris Ueremundo Ordoniz, Sanctio Ordoniz et Fredenando Ordoniz et Xemena" donated "…villa…Kastellelin…de genitore nostro Pelagio Rudarici…de avio nostro Fredenando Uermudi" to León Cathedral by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[846]m secondly ILDUARA Velásquez, daughter of VELASCO --- & his wife ---.  Munio Rodríguez granted property to his wife Ilduara Velásquez by charter dated 1074[847]Munio & his first wife had [four] children:

a)         RODRIGO Muñoz (-killed in battle Zalaca [Sagrajas] 23 Oct 1086).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "count Rodrigo Muñoz who was later slain at the battle of Sagrajas" as the child of "count Muño Rodríguez" and his wife[848].  A charter dated to [1077], under which "Aldefonsus tocius Yspanie rex" confirmed donations of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, includes "Sagrero" which it states was the subject of dispute with "Roderico Munionis, fratre Fredinandi Munionis"[849]Conde...Roderigo Monniz comes...” confirmed the charter dated 12 Mar 1079 under which King Alfonso VI confirmed the possessions of San Vicente de Oviedo[850].  "...Rodrico Monniz commes..." confirmed the charter dated 8 May 1080 under which King Alfonso VI decreed that no representative of the king could enter Sahagún[851].  "...Rudericus Monniz comes..." confirmed the charter dated 14 May 1080 under which King Alfonso VI granted freedoms and exemptions to Sahagún[852]["Roderico Monniz" donated property in Priaranza, Valdecañada, Ozuela, Dehesas, Salas to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes by charter dated 15 Oct 1084[853].]  The Crónica del Obispo Pelayo records that Rodrigo Muñoz was killed at Zalaca[854]m ---.  The name of Rodrigo's wife is not known.  Rodrigo & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [MAYOR Rodríguez .  The primary source which confirms the parentage of Mayor Rodríguez has not been identified.  Torres names “la condesa Mayor Rodríguez, mujer de Fernando Núñez” as daughter of Rodrigo Muñoz but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[855].  The difficulty appears chronological: Fronilde Fernández, daughter of Mayor Rodríguez, is named 10 Feb 1187, which would suggest a long life if her mother had been born in or before 1086 (when Rodrigo Muñoz was killed).  The primary source which confirms that her husband was “conde” has not been identified.  Barton names Fronilde Fernández as daughter of Fernando Núñez and Mayor Rodríguez, but does not give the parentage of Mayor Rodríguez[856]m FERNANDO Núñez, son of NUÑO Menéndez & his wife Sancha Viegas.] 

b)         SUERO Muñoz (-after 1094).  The testament of "Suario hijo del conde Munió", made with the advice of "uxoris mea Santia, comitis Velæ filia", is dated 1094[857]m SANCHA Velaz, daughter of conde VELA Ovéquiz & his wife Ildonza Muñoz .  Suero Muñoz names “uxoris mee domina Sancia comitis Uele filia” in his donation to Lugo dated 1092[858].  The testament of "Suario hijo del conde Munió", made with the advice of "uxoris mea Santia, comitis Velæ filia", is dated 1094[859]

c)         MUNIO Muñoz (-after 20 Oct 1086).  "Monnium Monnuz et uxor sua Uelasquita Monnuz" sold "in territorio Umania villa...Miraualles", which had belonged to "pater nostro domnum Monnum Ruderiquiz et...mater nostra domna Scemena", to the “Froila Menediz et uxor vestre Maria” by charter dated 13 Mar 1072[860]

-        see below

d)         [FERNANDO Muñoz (-1103 or after).  Mayordomo of Alfonso VI King of Castile from 20 Jan 1096 to 31 Jul 1101.  Salazar y Acha suggests that Fernando Muñoz may have been the son of Munio Rodríguez & his first wife[861].  However, it appears that the position of mayordomo was held mainly by nobles at the beginning of their careers.  Assuming that the marriage date of Munio Rodríguez is correctly stated above, this would not be the case with Fernando Muñoz if he was their son.  Nevertheless, a charter dated to [1077], under which "Aldefonsus tocius Yspanie rex" confirmed donations of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, includes "Sagrero" which it states was the subject of dispute with "Roderico Munionis, fratre Fredinandi Munionis"[862].  "Adefonsus…Ispanie imperator" permitted the abbey of Silos to establish outposts near the abbey, with the consent of "uxoris mee Berte regine", by charter dated 20 Jan [1096/98], confirmed by "…Fernando Munoz maiordomus regis…"[863]"...Maior domus aule regis Fredinando Monniz..." confirmed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which King Alfonso VI donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to Eslonza[864]...Fernando Monniz...” confirmed the charter dated 25 Jan 1100 under which King Alfonso VI donated “villa...Uillaverde...in Ualle de Uidriales...ex successione comitis Monnini Fernandiz, a patria exilio propter superbiam suam religati” to Sahagún[865]Conde en Astorga 1100.] 

Munio & his second wife had one child: 

e)         ELVIRA Muñoz Torres names Elvira Muñoz as daughter of Munio Rodríguez and his second wife and states that she married Pelayo Gómez[866]m conde PELAYO Gómez de Carrión, son of GÓMEZ Díaz Conde de Saldaña & his wife Teresa Peláez (-[1101]). 

4.         [TEODEGONZIA [Gotina] [Rodríguez] Her parentage is suggested by a donation to Lugo Cathedral made by her daughter Elvira Suárez who names her "auus" conde Rodrigo Románez, although Torres suggests that the term could indicate either grandfather or tutor[867].m SUERO Gundemáriz, son of ---.  Suero & his wife had one child: 

a)         ELVIRA Suárez .  Her parentage is indicated by a charted dated 1016 which records that “Teodegonzia cognomento Gonzina...cum viro meo Suario Gundemariz” donated property in “Uilla Manilani” to Lugo[868], the same place being recorded in a charter dated 1090 by her grandson Rodrigo Ovéquiz[869].  In a donation to Lugo Cathedral she names her "auus" conde Rodrigo Románez, possibly either grandfather or tutor[870]m OVECO Vermúdez, son of VERMUDO Vela & his wife Elvira Pinioliz (-after 1042). 

 

 

MUNIO Muñoz, son of MUNIO Rodríguez & his first wife Jimena Ordóñez (-after 20 Oct 1086).  "Monnium Monnuz et uxor sua Uelasquita Monnuz" sold "in territorio Umania villa...Miraualles", which had belonged to "pater nostro domnum Monnum Ruderiquiz et...mater nostra domna Scemena", to the “Froila Menediz et uxor vestre Maria” by charter dated 13 Mar 1072[871].  Alfonso VI King of Castile granted "illo castello [de Ulver]" to "Munnu Munizi" by charter dated 4 Dec 1080[872].  "Monnio Moniz, uxor sua Velasquita, Xemena Moniz, Petro Velaz, Sol Sancxiz…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Oct 1085 under which "Gelvira Petriz…cum viro meo…Godino Citiz" donated property in Priaranza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes[873]...Monniu Monniuz...” confirmed the charter dated 20 Oct 1086 under which “Cotina Uermutiz” donated “Uilla Abduz in loco...Aratoi mea racione...eredavit de viro meo Petro Monniuz et per meas arras” to Sahagún[874]

m VELASQUITA Muñoz, daughter of MUNIO --- & his wife --- (-after 1 Oct 1085).  "Monnium Monnuz et uxor sua Uelasquita Monnuz" sold "in territorio Umania villa...Miraualles", which had belonged to "pater nostro domnum Monnum Ruderiquiz et...mater nostra domna Scemena", to the “Froila Menediz et uxor vestre Maria” by charter dated 13 Mar 1072[875].  "Monnio Moniz, uxor sua Velasquita, Xemena Moniz, Petro Velaz, Sol Sancxiz…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Oct 1085 under which "Gelvira Petriz…cum viro meo…Godino Citiz" donated property in Priaranza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes[876]

Munio & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [PEDRO Muñoz (-[22 Aug 1092/7 Feb 1093]).  The dating clause of a charter dated 5 Jul 1092, under which "Frosgildi" donated property in Entrambas Aguas de Losada to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "ipsa terra imperante Petro Monniz"[877].  The dating clause of a charter dated 22 Aug 1092, under which "Petro Ordoniz" donated property in Pombriego to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "Petro Monniz imperante ipsa terra"[878].  His supposed sister "Xemena Munniz" is named in dating clauses of charters of the same monastery from 7 Feb 1093 (see above), which suggests that Pedro had died before that date without leaving direct heirs.] 

2.         [MUNIO Muñoz (-[17 Jan 1097/21 Mar 1097]).  The dating clause of a charter dated 17 Jan 1097, under which "Vermudo Godestez" donated property in Rimor to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "Monnio Monniz imperante ipsa terra de Ulver"[879].  His supposed sister "Xemena Munniz" is named in dating clauses of charters of the same monastery, both before the date of this document and from 21 Mar 1097 (see above).  This suggests that Munio may have returned from elsewhere in [1095/96] to assume his heritage but died soon afterwards without leaving direct heirs.] 

3.         [JIMENA Muñoz ([1055/65]-Espinareda del Bierzo 1128, after 25 May, [maybe 23 Jul], bur San Andres de Espinareda)The precise parentage of Jimena Muñoz has been the subject of considerable debate over recent years.  The common connection with Ulver, where she was recorded, appears conclusive in determining that she was closely related to Munio Muñoz who was also recorded in the same castle (see above).  Her birth date, estimated from her having given birth to two children in the early 1080s, suggests that she was his daughter rather than his sister (assuming that Munio´s parents are correctly identified as Munio Rodríguez and Jimena Ordóñez as shown above).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Jimena Muñoz" as the first of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their daughters "Elvira the wife of count Raymond of Toulouse…and Teresa the wife of Count Henry"[880].  The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Ximena Nuñez” as mother of the king´s daughters “la Infant Doña Elvira è la Infant Doña Teresa[881].  Kerrebrouck states that Jimena Múñoz was King Alfonso VI's second wife, married before the end of 1078 (marriage annulled), but this is chronologically difficult to maintain.  King Alfonso's relationship with Jimena lasted long enough to produce two children.  The last documentary reference to Queen Inés is dated 22 May 1077, while King Alfonso's marriage to Queen Constance took place in late 1079.  This leaves insufficient time for the king to have married and had two legitimate children by Jimena between these two marriages.  The reference in Kerrebrouck to the annulment of King Alfonso's alleged marriage to Jimena is presumably based on Pope Gregory VII's letter of 27 Jun 1080 which, among other things, objected to King Alfonso's "marriage" on the grounds of consanguinity.  The letter does not name the wife whose marriage was objected to, but Reilly appears correct in concluding that "it can be no other than Queen Constance herself", given the likely date of her marriage and the likely date of birth of her daughter Urraca[882].  Reilly suggests that King Alfonso VI's relationship with Jimena started in [1081/82][883].  "Monnio Moniz, uxor sua Velasquita, Xemena Moniz, Petro Velaz, Sol Sancxiz…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Oct 1085 under which "Gelvira Petriz…cum viro meo…Godino Citiz" donated property in Priaranza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes[884].  The dating clause of a charter dated 7 Feb 1093, under which "Petro Quizaz" sold property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "Scemena Monniz in Ulver"[885].  ["Garcia Monnuiz…cum uxor mea Fronille Annalaz cognomento Sol et Pelayo Monniuz et Auro Villito et Monniuz" donated property in Jagoaza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, and "Xemeno Monniuz" sold "mea porcione quam habui inter fratres meos" of the same property, by charter dated 26 Sep [1095][886].  It is possible that "Xemeno Monniuz" in this document is an error for "Xemena Monniuz".  However, the dating clause which names "Comes Froyla Didaz imperante in ipsa terra de Iorres" suggests that the property was in a different area from "Ulver" and therefore that the two families were unrelated.]  The dating clause of a charter dated 17 Dec 1096, under which "Vellite Ferrudiz et uxor mea Falella" sold property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "…Xemena Munniz in Ulver"[887].  The dating clause of a charter dated 21 Mar 1097, under which "Maria" donated property in Rimor to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "Donna Xemena Monniz imperante ipsa terra de Ulver"[888].  "Xemena Munniz" donated property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes by charter dated 26 Apr 1101[889].  "Potestas in illa terra donna Xemena" and "Xemena Monnuz imperante terra de Ulver" is named in dating clauses of other charters which record donations to San Pedro de Montes, dated 1099, 29 Jun 1100, 26 Aug [1103], 19 Apr [1104], 19 Jan [1107][890].  The dating clause of charters dated between [1115] and 15 May 1118 name "Johanne Petriz potestate in Ulver", and from 6 Mar 1126 "Ramiro Froilaz"[891], suggesting that the Muñoz family moved from the castle in [1107/15].  "Ximena Munniz" donated property in "Trebalio et Turres" to "nepotis mei…Garcie Fernandiz" by charter dated 18 Apr 1127[892].  Jimena Muñoz donated property in "la villa de Torres, discurrente rivulo Orbico, territorio Astoricensis" to the Order of St John by charter dated 18 Sep 1127[893]"Jimena Muñiz" donated property "en Villar de Salas en el Bierzo" to Astorga Cathedral by charter dated 25 May 1128[894].  Doña Jimena retired to the Benedictine convent of Esinareda del Bierzo.  An inscription in the monastery of Espinareda records the death in 1128 of "Semena Alphonsi vidui regis amica", although Rodríguez González highlights the opinion that the monument is a later forgery[895].  Sandoval records that "Ximena Nuñez" was buried in "San Andres de Espinareda"[896].  The necrology of León Cathedral records the death “X Kal Aug” of “Xemena Moniz[897]Mistress: ([1081/82]-) of ALFONSO VI King of Castile and León, son of FERNANDO I "el Magno" King of Castile and León & his wife Sancha de León (Compostela [1037]-Toledo 30 Jun 1109, bur Sahagún, León, San Mancio chapel in the royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  HERRAMÉLIZ FAMILY

 

 

 

HERRAMEL Álvarez, son of ÁLVARO Herraméliz Conde en Álava & [his wife Sancha Sánchez de Navarra] ([925/30]-after 24 Dec 988)The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, but the unusual combination of name and patronymic suggest that it is probably correct.  There is no indication of the identity of his mother: he may have been born from an earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage of his father.  “...Aharramel Albariz...” signed the charter dated 4 Apr 970 under which "Giloira Ranimiri principis filia" donated property to the monastery of Sahagún[898].  "...Harameli Albari..." confirmed the charter dated 11 May 976 under which “Ansur”, his wife "Ildoara" and his sons "Pelagii et Petrus" donated property to Sahagún[899].  “Pelagius...episcopus [bishop of Iria]...et...Trastaloni conversa, et Fredenanda uxor...Garseani et Harramelle Aluariz...cum uxore et filiis meis, et Santia, Asiulfu Lucidi, Uelasco Ueligaz” donated “villa nostra propria et de Garsias Furtuniz...villa de Sancto Iuliano territorio Cauarcos” to Celanova by charter dated 17 Dec 978, confirmed by “Pelagius Yriense...episcopus, Honega prolis Lucidi, Trastaloni conuerse, Fredenanda uxor ipsius Garseani, Harramelle Aluariz...cum uxor et filiis meis, Santia, Asiulfu Lucidi, Uelasco Uelasquiz, Adaulfus abba, Litus abba, Sandino Muniz, Munniu Garsias[900].  Herramel´s family relationships with the other donors, all of whom held interests in the property donated jointly, have not been traced.  “...Harramel Aluariz...” confirmed the charter dated 22 Oct 985 under which King Vermudo II donated harvest produce to the monastery of San Andres de Pardomino[901].  “...Harramel Aluariz...” subscribed the charter dated 1 Jan 986 under which Vermudo II King of León confirmed “mandationem in territorio Bubalo, Ablutinos cum Barra” to Celanova[902].  “...Harramelle Aluariz...” subscribed the charter dated 24 Dec 988 under which Vermudo II King of León donated “homines...in Uangueses cum incommuniatos de Cegio” to Celanova[903]

m --- (-after 17 Dec 978).  “Pelagius...episcopus [bishop of Iria]...et...Trastaloni conversa, et Fredenanda uxor...Garseani et Harramelle Aluariz...cum uxore et filiis meis, et Santia, Asiulfu Lucidi, Uelasco Ueligaz” donated “villa nostra propria et de Garsias Furtuniz...villa de Sancto Iuliano territorio Cauarcos” to Celanova by charter dated 17 Dec 978, confirmed by “Pelagius Yriense...episcopus, Honega prolis Lucidi, Trastaloni conuerse, Fredenanda uxor ipsius Garseani, Harramelle Aluariz...cum uxor et filiis meis, Santia, Asiulfu Lucidi, Uelasco Uelasquiz, Adaulfus abba, Litus abba, Sandino Muniz, Munniu Garsias[904]

Herramel & his wife had children: 

1.         children .  “Pelagius...episcopus [bishop of Iria]...et...Trastaloni conversa, et Fredenanda uxor...Garseani et Harramelle Aluariz...cum uxore et filiis meis, et Santia, Asiulfu Lucidi, Uelasco Ueligaz” donated “villa nostra propria et de Garsias Furtuniz...villa de Sancto Iuliano territorio Cauarcos” to Celanova by charter dated 17 Dec 978, confirmed by “Pelagius Yriense...episcopus, Honega prolis Lucidi, Trastaloni conuerse, Fredenanda uxor ipsius Garseani, Harramelle Aluariz...cum uxor et filiis meis, Santia, Asiulfu Lucidi, Uelasco Uelasquiz, Adaulfus abba, Litus abba, Sandino Muniz, Munniu Garsias[905]

2.         [ÁLVARO Herraméliz (-after 11 Apr 1015).  "...Albaro Harrameliz..." subscribed the charter dated 11 Apr 1015 under which Alfonso V King of León granted property "in Uilla Abllazeite territorio Legione" to “Petro Albariz et uxor tua Eilo” in recognition of their cominig “de terra Kastilla et dimisistis tio meo comite domno Sanccio[906].] 

 

 

1.         PELAYO Herraméliz (-before 20 Feb 1078).  His name is confirmed by the charter dated 20 Feb 1078 under which [his son-in-law and daughter] "Petro Moniz et uxor mea Sol Pelaiz cognomento Fronilli et filiis meis…Monio et Auro" donated "monasterium in villa…Alcotes sanctorum Petri et Pauli et sancte Marie…medietate de Ribella que fuit de Pelagio Rameliz quid me genuit" to León Cathedral[907]m MARINA Peláez, daughter of PELAYO Ordóñez & his wife Corexia --- (-after 15 Aug 1075).  "Ordonius domni Veremundis regis filius…cum coniuge mee Fronilde Pelagius comite filia…et filiis nostris" donated property to León Cathedral and referred to "…et nostra nepte Marina si perseuerauerit in castitate et in vita sancta monachia" by charter dated 18 Sep 1042[908].  The document does not specify Marina´s parentage, but this is confirmed by the following document.  "Marina Pelaiez…quum filias meas Fronilde et Scemena" sold property "in billa…Kabatellos…que abemos de abios vel parentes nostros Pelaio Ordoniz" to "mater mea Coreiscia" by charter dated 20 May 1067[909].  "Marina…cum duabus filiabus meis…Fronilli et Xemena" donated property "in Val de Lampreana villa Regini…[et] villa…Cavatello quod mater mea in ipsa comoratur", held by "Pelagio Ruderiquiz…bisavus meus Fredenando Veremudiz", to León Cathedral by charter dated 15 Aug 1075[910].  Pelayo & his wife had two children: 

a)         FRONILDE [Sol] Peláez (-after 20 Feb 1078).  "Marina Pelaiez…quum filias meas Fronilde et Scemena" sold property "in billa…Kabatellos…que abemos de abios vel parentes nostros Pelaio Ordoniz" to "mater mea Coreiscia" by charter dated 20 May 1067[911].  "Marina…cum duabus filiabus meis…Fronilli et Xemena" donated property "in Val de Lampreana villa Regini…[et] villa…Cavatello quod mater mea in ipsa comoratur", held by "Pelagio Ruderiquiz…bisavus meus Fredenando Veremudiz", to León Cathedral by charter dated 15 Aug 1075[912].  "Petro Moniz et uxor mea Sol Pelaiz cognomento Fronilli et filiis meis…Monio et Auro" donated "monasterium in villa…Alcotes sanctorum Petri et Pauli et sancte Marie…medietate de Ribella que fuit de Pelagio Rameliz quid me genuit" to León Cathedral by charter dated 20 Feb 1078[913]m PEDRO Múñoz, son of ---.  Pedro & his wife had two children: 

i)          MUNIO Pérez (-after 1120).  "Petro Moniz et uxor mea Sol Pelaiz cognomento Fronilli et filiis meis…Monio et Auro" donated "monasterium in villa…Alcotes sanctorum Petri et Pauli et sancte Marie…medietate de Ribella que fuit de Pelagio Rameliz quid me genuit" to León Cathedral by charter dated 20 Feb 1078[914]

ii)         AURO Pérez (-after 20 Feb 1078).  "Petro Moniz et uxor mea Sol Pelaiz cognomento Fronilli et filiis meis…Monio et Auro" donated "monasterium in villa…Alcotes sanctorum Petri et Pauli et sancte Marie…medietate de Ribella que fuit de Pelagio Rameliz quid me genuit" to León Cathedral by charter dated 20 Feb 1078[915]

b)         JIMENA Peláez (-after 15 Aug 1075).  "Marina Pelaiez…quum filias meas Fronilde et Scemena" sold property "in billa…Kabatellos…que abemos de abios vel parentes nostros Pelaio Ordoniz" to "mater mea Coreiscia" by charter dated 20 May 1067[916].  "Marina…cum duabus filiabus meis…Fronilli et Xemena" donated property "in Val de Lampreana villa Regini…[et] villa…Cavatello quod mater mea in ipsa comoratur", held by "Pelagio Ruderiquiz…bisavus meus Fredenando Veremudiz", to León Cathedral by charter dated 15 Aug 1075[917].

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  TRABA

 

 

This chapter is divided into two parts.  Firstly, it shows a reconstruction of the ancestors of Pedro Fróilaz de Traba, ancestor of the Traba family which rose to prominence in the 12th and 13th century in the kingdom of Castile and which is set out in the document CASTILE, LEÓN NOBILITY (1), based on dated charter evidence mainly in the Sobrado cartulary (Reconstruction “A”).  Secondly, a reconstruction of a presumably related family descended from “Rodrigo Fróilaz”, who was active during the late 11th/early 12th century, which is also based on dated charter evidence from Sobrado (Reconstruction “B”).  The supposed family relationship between the families shown in the two reconstructions is indicated by the charter dated 4 Feb 1142, which is quoted under Fruela Rodríguez in Reconstruction “B”, and by charters which indicate common ownership of the monastery of San Cristóbal “de Serpentibus” by members of each family. 

 

The two reconstructions, as shown below, appear contradicted by another charter, undated, in the Sobrado cartulary[918], which purports to record four generations of the ancestry of Pedro Fróilaz de Traba.  The undated charter names “Rodrigo Fróilaz”, evidently the same person as is shown as the first ancestor in Reconstruction “B”, as the earliest ancestor of the Traba family.  This would place him chronologically in the late 10th/early 11th century, which is completely inconsistent with the chronology based on the dated charters which are extracted below in Reconstruction “B”.  Clearly this highlights a fundamental error in the genealogy set out in the undated charter.  Sáez proposed that this “Rodrigo Fróilaz” was the possible son of conde Fruela González of the Menéndez family[919].  Sáez´s article has not yet been consulted, but presumably he bases his hypothesis on Rodrigo´s patronymic and on the chronology which results only from the genealogy set out in the undated charter, while ignoring the chronology of the dated charter extracts shown in Reconstruction “B”.  A more likely possibility is that “Rodrigo Fróilaz”, earliest ancestor of the Reconstruction “B” group, was the same person as Rodrigo Fróilaz, son of Fruela Vermúdez, who is shown in Reconstruction “A”.  If that is correct, the mystery of the error in the genealogy included in the undated charter remains unexplained. 

 

This family has been studied by López Sangil, but his work has not yet been consulted[920]

 

 

RECONSTRUCTION “A”:

 

Two possible siblings: 

1.         FRUELA Menéndez, son of [conde MENENDO González & his wife Toda ---] (-1032 after 23 Oct)Conde.  Alférez of Vermudo II "el Gotoso" King of León 5 Sep 998 to 5 Jan 999[921].  "…Froila Menendiz…" subscribed the charter dated 15 Nov 1028 under which "Ueremudus proles Adefonsi principis et Geluire regine" donated "villam meam…Cordario que fuit avorum et parentum meorum Menendi et dne Tote" to Santiago de Compostela[922].  “...Froila Menendiz comes...” subscribed the charter dated 30 Dec 1028 under which Vermudo III King of León donated “villam...Cordario” to Santiago de Compostela[923]same person as...?  FRUELA Menéndez"Petrus […Froilaz] et comes et cometessa Gunterede Ruderiquiz" donated "Nemenio", part of which belonged to "comite Froile Menindez" who left it to "suo suprino Froila Ueremudiz" who bequeathed it to "suos filios…[et] sua filia domina Uisclauara…meam germanam", to the monastery of Santo Tomé de Nemeño by charter dated 6 May 1105[924]

2.         [VERMUDO [---] [“Nariz”] .  An undated charter names “Ueremudus Nariz et domna Maria Froyle uxor de Didaco Suariz de Montanus et Rodericus Froyle et Fernandus Froyle” as the children of "Froyla Roderici"[925].  On the basis of Reconstruction “B”, “Ueremudus Nariz” appears to be the same person who is named in charters dated 31 Aug 1158, 11 Jun 1170, and 20 Dec 1173, which is evidently inconsistent with his having been the grandfather of Pedro Fróilaz de Traba who is shown below.  Presumably therefore the father of Fruela Vermúdez was a different Vermudo, whose patronymic has not been identified.  Either he or his wife may have been the sibling of Fruela Menéndez, named above, as Vermudo´s son is called “suprino” of Fruela Menéndez in the charter dated 6 May 1105 which is quoted below.  Barton refers to the father of Fruela Vermúdez as “Vermudo Manidiz”[926].  It is not known whether “Manidiz” represents a corruption of “Menéndez” which, if correct, could indicate that Vermudo was the brother of Conde Fruela Menéndez.]  m ---.  The name of Vermudo's wife is not known.  [It is possible that she was Azenda Segerédez, daughter of Segeredo Aloítez & his wife Adosinda Arias.  Her parentage and this possible marriage are indicated by a charter dated 29 Jul 1118 under which Queen Urraca donated Sobrado “inter Montem Rosum et terram de Speluca”, which King Fernando I had granted to “avo vestro Sigeredo Aluiti et...uxore sue Adosinda Arie”, to “Vermudo Petri et fratri vestro Fernando Petri” (assuming that “avo” can be interpreted as meaning great-grandfather of Pedro Fróilaz)[927].  It is also possible that Azenda Segerédez was the wife of Diego Gutiérrez, ancestor of the wife of Pedro Fróilaz.  The inclusion of Pedro Fróilaz among the list of subscribers suggests that the latter is the more likely interpretation, otherwise it is unclear why the grant should have been made to Pedro´s sons when Pedro himself was still alive.]  Vermudo & his wife had two children:

a)         FRUELA Vermúdez .  An undated charter names “Froyla Ueremudi” as the son of "Ueremudo Manidi"[928]As noted in the introduction to the present chapter, there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that document"Petrus […Froilaz] et comes et cometessa Gunterede Ruderiquiz" donated "Nemenio", part of which belonged to "comite Froile Menindez" who left it to "suo suprino Froila Ueremudiz" who bequeathed it to "suos filios…[et] sua filia domina Uisclauara…meam germanam", to the monastery of Santo Tomé de Nemeño by charter dated 6 May 1105[929]m [firstly] ELVIRA de Faro, daughter of ---.  Barton names “Elvira de Faro” as the mother of Pedro Fróilaz[930].  [m secondly LUCIA, daughter of ---.  Cal Pardo states that “doña Lucia” second wife of “Froilán Bermúdez” was the mother of “la fundadora del monasterio de San Salvador de Pedroso” (unnamed)[931].]  Fruela & his [first] wife had six children: 

i)          GONZALO Fróilaz (-before [13 Dec 1107/1108]).  Cal Pardo states that “Froilán Bermúdez” and “su primera esposa Elvira de Faro” were the parents of “Gonzalo” Bishop of Mondoñedo, who was their oldest son[932]Bishop of Bretoña and Dumio [Mondoñedo] [1070/13 Jan 1071].  "Petrus Froilaci comes, comes Suarius Uermudiz, Herus Armentarici, Albertus de Monteroso, Froila Menendici, Suarius Froilaci, Rudericus Froilaci...Gundisaluus Minduniensis eps..." subscribed the charter dated 13 Dec 1107 under which Infanta doña Urraca donated the monastery of San Andrés de Trobe to the church of Santiago[933]

ii)         PEDRO Fróilaz de Traba (-before 3 May 1126, bur Santiago de Compostela)An undated charter names “Petrus Froyle et Rodericus Froyle et Munia Froyle et domna Hermesenda” as the children of "Froyla Ueremudi"[934]As noted in the introduction to the present chapter, there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that document.  [The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos, in a confused account of the ancestry of the Traba family, names "Conde D. Pedro Fernandez de Trava que pobló el castillo de Trava" as son of "El Conde D. Fernan Perez" (stating that he was son of “el Conde D. Pedro Frojaz”) and his wife "D. Briolanja"[935].Conde de Trastámara. 

-         TRABA

iii)        RODRIGO Fróilaz (-after 14 Dec 1113)An undated charter names “Petrus Froyle et Rodericus Froyle et Munia Froyle et domna Hermesenda” as the children of "Froyla Ueremudi"[936]"P[etrus] Gallecie comes…cum fratre meo obtimate R necnon sororibus meis…sanctimonialis Munina atque Visclavara" donated "monasterium Sancti Martini de Juvia" to Cluny by charter 14 Dec 1113 confirmed by "Froyla Vimaraci, Menendo Vimaraic, Menendo Solinizi, Comes Gugues, Comes Munio Pelagis, comes Rudericus Veilazi"[937]same person as...?  RODRIGO Fróilaz (-[after 7 May 1097]).  A charter dated 7 May 1097 records that “domnus Uimara abba et pater eius Odoarius Uimare” donated “ecclesiam Sancte Eulalie de Curtis” to “Petrum Gundisalui”, who later reclaimed the property in the presence of “domni Roderici Froile” but against the testimony of “sua germana domna Uisclauara”, and also records the settlement of the dispute[938]

iv)       MUNIA Fróilaz (-after 4 Feb 1142).  An undated charter names “Petrus Froyle et Rodericus Froyle et Munia Froyle et domna Hermesenda” as the children of "Froyla Ueremudi", adding that “de Munia Froyle venit Iohannes Petri de Saz et sue gentes[939]The Historia Compostelana names “Petrus Froylaz comes…comitissa Dña Mayor uxor…Munina Froylaz soror…Visclavara Froylaz…soror[940].  "P[etrus] Gallecie comes…cum fratre meo obtimate R necnon sororibus meis…sanctimonialis Munina atque Visclavara" donated "monasterium Sancti Martini de Juvia" to Cluny by charter 14 Dec 1113 confirmed by "Froyla Vimaraci, Menendo Vimaraic, Menendo Solinizi, Comes Gugues, Comes Munio Pelagis, comes Rudericus Veilazi"[941].  "…Comitissa domna Maior, comitissa domna Lupa, Munia Froilaz, Uisclauara Froilaz" subscribed the charter dated 25 Jul 1122 under which "[Uere]mundus Petri" granted arras to "uxori mee infanti domne Orrache filie comitis domni Anrrich et regine domne Tarasie"[942]...Munine Froile deouote...” is named as present in a charter dated 4 Feb 1142 which records a division of property made by [her nephew] “Ueremundus Petri” between “mulierem meam...infantem domnam Urracham” and “omnis filios et filias meas[943]m ---.  One child: 

(a)       JUAN Pérez de SazAn undated charter names “Petrus Froyle et Rodericus Froyle et Munia Froyle et domna Hermesenda” as the children of "Froyla Ueremudi", adding that “de Munia Froyle venit Iohannes Petri de Saz et sue gentes[944]

v)        ERMESENDA FróilazAn undated charter names “Petrus Froyle et Rodericus Froyle et Munia Froyle et domna Hermesenda” as the children of "Froyla Ueremudi"[945]

vi)       VISCLAVARA Fróilaz (-after 25 Jul 1122).  The Historia Compostelana names “Petrus Froylaz comes…comitissa Dña Mayor uxor…Munina Froylaz soror…Visclavara Froylaz…soror[946]"Petrus […Froilaz] et comes et cometessa Gunterede Ruderiquiz" donated "Nemenio", part of which belonged to "comite Froile Menindez" who left it to "suo suprino Froila Ueremudiz" who bequeathed it to "suos filios…[et] sua filia domina Uisclauara…meam germanam", to the monastery of Santo Tomé de Nemeño by charter dated 6 May 1105[947].  "P[etrus] Gallecie comes…cum fratre meo obtimate R necnon sororibus meis…sanctimonialis Munina atque Visclavara" donated "monasterium Sancti Martini de Juvia" to Cluny by charter 14 Dec 1113 confirmed by "Froyla Vimaraci, Menendo Vimaraic, Menendo Solinizi, Comes Gugues, Comes Munio Pelagis, comes Rudericus Veilazi"[948].  "…Comitissa domna Maior, comitissa domna Lupa, Munia Froilaz, Uisclauara Froilaz" subscribed the charter dated 25 Jul 1122 under which "[Uere]mundus Petri" granted arras to "uxori mee infanti domne Orrache filie comitis domni Anrrich et regine domne Tarasie"[949]

Fruela & his [second wife had one child]: 

vii)      [daughter .  Cal Pardo states that “doña Lucia” second wife of “Froilán Bermúdez” was the mother of “la fundadora del monasterio de San Salvador de Pedroso” (unnamed)[950].] 

b)         MAYOR VermúdezAn undated charter records that “Ueremudus Froyle nec filia ipsius Maior Ueremudi nec filia illius Urraca Gundisalui que est uxor Testa Fardia” had no interest in "hereditatem de Aranga" which was donated to Sobrado by other members of their family[951]m GONZALO ---, son of ---.  Gonzalo & his wife had one child: 

i)          URRACA González .  An undated charter records that “Ueremudus Froyle nec filia ipsius Maior Ueremudi nec filia illius Urraca Gundisalui que est uxor Testa Fardia” had no interest in "hereditatem de Aranga" which was donated to Sobrado by other members of their family[952]m TESTA Fardia , son of ---. 

 

 

RECONSTRUCTION “B”:

 

1.         RODRIGO Fróilaz (-[after 7 May 1097])His existence is confirmed by the undated charter which names "Menendum Roderici et Gundisaluum Roderici et Froylam Roderici" as the three sons of “Rodericus Froyle[953], although as noted in the introduction to the present chapter there are chronological problems with the full genealogy which is presented in that document.  [As noted in the introduction above, Sáez proposed that this person was Rodrigo Fróilaz, son of [conde Fruela González & his wife ---][954], but this is inconsistent with the chronology of the charters which are quoted below.]  [same person as...?  RODRIGO Fróilaz, son of FRUELA Vermúdez & his [first] wife Elvira de Faro (-after 14 Dec 1113).  This represents a more likely co-identity which is consistent with the chronology of the charters which are quoted below.  It would also highlight the precise error in the genealogy set out in the undated charter, although how that error arose remains unexplained.  "P[etrus] Gallecie comes…cum fratre meo obtimate R necnon sororibus meis…sanctimonialis Munina atque Visclavara" donated "monasterium Sancti Martini de Juvia" to Cluny by charter 14 Dec 1113 confirmed by "Froyla Vimaraci, Menendo Vimaraic, Menendo Solinizi, Comes Gugues, Comes Munio Pelagis, comes Rudericus Veilazi"[955].]  A charter dated 7 May 1097 records that “domnus Uimara abba et pater eius Odoarius Uimare” donated “ecclesiam Sancte Eulalie de Curtis” to “Petrum Gundisalui”, who later reclaimed the property in the presence of “domni Roderici Froile” but against the testimony of “sua germana domna Uisclauara”, and also records the settlement of the dispute[956].  An undated charter records that “filii Roderici Froyle” [unnamed] donated “medietatem de Sancto Iurgio...hereditaria de Ortigaria...in Montenigro villa Conspectu...in Chamosu villam Corneli mediam, in terra de Faro Sancti Christofori medium...” to Sobrado[957]m ---.  The name of Rodrigo´s wife is not known.  Rodrigo & his wife had three children: 

a)         MENENDO Rodríguez (-before 31 Aug 1158).  His name and patronymic are confirmed by the patronymic of his son Suero and by the latter referring to “avus meus Rudericus Froyle” in the charter dated 11 Apr 1165 which is quoted below.  No charter has been found in which he is named in his personal capacity.  His existence appears confirmed by the undated charter which names "Menendum Roderici et Gundisaluum Roderici et Froylam Roderici" as the three sons of “Rodericus Froyle[958], although as noted in the introduction to the present chapter there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that documentm ---.  The name of Menendo´s wife is not known.  Menendo & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          SUERO Menéndez “Zapata” (-after 11 Apr 1165).  An undated charter records that “Suerius Menendi qui dictus est Zapata”, son of "Menendum Roderici...", son of “Rodericus Froyle”, donated property “in Aranga et in Galletia” to Sobrado[959]As noted in the introduction to the present chapter, there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that document.  “Suarius Menendi” donated “hereditatibus meis...in terra de Galletia...de monasterio de Aranga” to Sobrado by charter dated 31 Aug 1158, which also records that “Ueremudus Froyle cum fratribus meis Roderico Froyle et Fernando Froyle” confirmed the donation made by “congermanus noster domnus Suarius Menendi[960].  Suarius Menendi” donated “quam habeo ex parte patris mei...in terra Transancus...et in Reparadi...quod habuit avus meus Rudericus Froyle”, except “decimam partem ex ea quam vendivit...filius patrui mei Gundisalui Ruderici comiti domno Gundisaluo”, to Sobrado by charter dated 11 Apr 1165[961]. 

ii)         [GONZALO Menéndez .  The reference to “Trasancus”, also mentioned in the charter of Suero Menéndez dated 11 Apr 1165 quoted above, in the 20 Dec 1173 charter of his son García suggests that Gonzalo was the brother of Suero Menéndez.]  m ---.  The name of Gonzalo´s wife is not known.  Gonzalo & his wife had two children: 

(1)       GARCÍA González (-after 20 Dec 1173).  “Garsia Gundisalui” donated “hereditate...habeo ex parte patris mei Gundisalui Menendi...portionem sororisque mee Marie Gundisalui...in terra Trasancus” to Sobrado by charter dated 20 Dec 1173[962]

(2)       MARÍA González .  “Garsia Gundisalui” donated “hereditate...habeo ex parte patris mei Gundisalui Menendi...portionem sororisque mee Marie Gundisalui...in terra Trasancus” to Sobrado by charter dated 20 Dec 1173[963]

b)         GONZALO Rodríguez (-before 3 Jun 1166).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Apr 1165 under which [his nephew] “Suarius Menendi” donated “quam habeo ex parte patris mei...in terra Transancus...et in Reparadi...quod habuit avus meus Rudericus Froyle”, except “decimam partem ex ea quam vendivit...filius patrui mei Gundisalui Ruderici comiti domno Gundisaluo”, to Sobrado[964]His existence appears confirmed by the undated charter which names "Menendum Roderici et Gundisaluum Roderici et Froylam Roderici" as the three sons of “Rodericus Froyle[965], although as noted in the introduction to the present chapter there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that documentm ---.  The name of Gonzalo's wife is not known.  Gonzalo & his wife had three children: 

i)          FERNANDO González (-after 3 Jun 1166).  Fernandus Gundisalui...cum sorore mea Eluira Gundisalui et iermano meo Gundisaluo Gundisalui” donated “hereditate quam habemus in Galletia...de successione avi nostri Roderici Froyle...in villa...Mariniano” to Sobrado by charter dated 3 Jun 1166[966]

ii)         ELVIRA González (-after 17 Dec 1169).  Fernandus Gundisalui...cum sorore mea Eluira Gundisalui et iermano meo Gundisaluo Gundisalui” donated “hereditate quam habemus in Galletia...de successione avi nostri Roderici Froyle...in villa...Mariniano” to Sobrado by charter dated 3 Jun 1166[967]Eluira Gundisalui...Gundisaluus Gundisalui” donated “hereditate...habemus ex parte avi nostri Ruderici Froyle...in terra de Trasancus” to Sobrado by charter dated 17 Dec 1169[968]

iii)        GONZALO González (-after 17 Dec 1169).  Conde: “Suarius Menendi” donated “quam habeo ex parte patris mei...in terra Transancus...et in Reparadi...quod habuit avus meus Rudericus Froyle”, except “decimam partem ex ea quam vendivit...filius patrui mei Gundisalui Ruderici comiti domno Gundisaluo”, to Sobrado by charter dated 11 Apr 1165[969].  “Fernandus Gundisalui...cum sorore mea Eluira Gundisalui et iermano meo Gundisaluo Gundisalui” donated “hereditate quam habemus in Galletia...de successione avi nostri Roderici Froyle...in villa...Mariniano” to Sobrado by charter dated 3 Jun 1166[970].  “Eluira Gundisalui...Gundisaluus Gundisalui” donated “hereditate...habemus ex parte avi nostri Ruderici Froyle...in terra de Trasancus” to Sobrado by charter dated 17 Dec 1169[971]

c)         FRUELA Rodríguez (-[before 31 Aug 1158]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 31 Aug 1158 under which [his nephew] Suarius Menendi” donated “hereditatibus meis...in terra de Galletia...de monasterio de Aranga” to Sobrado, which also records that [his three sons] “Ueremudus Froyle cum fratribus meis Roderico Froyle et Fernando Froyle” confirmed the donation made by [their cousin] “congermanus noster domnus Suarius Menendi[972]His existence appears confirmed by the undated charter which names "Menendum Roderici et Gundisaluum Roderici et Froylam Roderici" as the three sons of “Rodericus Froyle[973], although as noted in the introduction to the present chapter there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that document.  [“...Froile Roderici” is named as present in a charter dated 4 Feb 1142 which records a division of property made by “Ueremundus Petri” between “mulierem meam...infantem domnam Urracham” and “omnis filios et filias meas[974].  It appears likely that the subscriber was the same person as Fruela Rodríguez, son of Rodrigo Fróilaz.  If this co-identity is correct, his inclusion among the subscribers appears to confirm the (otherwise unidentified, but suspected) family relationship between the two families shown in the present chapter as Reconstruction “A” and Reconstruction “B”.]  m ---.  The name of Fruela's wife is not known.  Fruela & his wife had four children:

i)          VERMUDO Fróilaz “Nariz” (-after 20 Dec 1173).  An undated charter names “Ueremudus Nariz et domna Maria Froyle uxor de Didaco Suariz de Montanus et Rodericus Froyle et Fernandus Froyle” as the children of "Froyla Roderici"[975]As noted in the introduction to the present chapter, there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that document.  “Suarius Menendi” donated “hereditatibus meis...in terra de Galletia...de monasterio de Aranga” to Sobrado by charter dated 31 Aug 1158, which also records that “Ueremudus Froyle cum fratribus meis Roderico Froyle et Fernando Froyle” confirmed the donation made by “congermanus noster domnus Suarius Menendi[976].  “Uermudus Froilaz” donated “quantum habeo in Sancto Christofor de ripa de mare et in Sarantes” to Sobrado by charter dated 17 Apr 1160[977].  “Veremudus Froile cognomento Nariz” donated “octava pars hereditatis Sancti Christofori” to Sobrado by charter dated 11 Jun 1170[978].  “...Veremundus Froyle, Fernandus Froyle...” confirmed the charter dated 20 Dec 1173 under which “Garsia Gundisalui” donated “hereditate...habeo ex parte patris mei Gundisalui Menendi...portionem sororisque mee Marie Gundisalui...in terra Trasancus” to Sobrado[979]

ii)         MARÍA Fróilaz (-after 13 May 1164).  An undated charter names “Ueremudus Nariz et domna Maria Froyle uxor de Didaco Suariz de Montanus et Rodericus Froyle et Fernandus Froyle” as the children of "Froyla Roderici"[980]As noted in the introduction to the present chapter, there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that document.  “Maria Froiaz...cum viro meo Didaco Suariz” donated “nostra portione de Sancto Christoforo de Serpentibus” to Sobrado by charter dated 13 May 1164[981]m DIEGO Suárez de Montanus, son of SUERO --- & his wife --- (-after 13 May 1164). 

iii)        RODRIGO Fróilaz (-after 21 May 1167).  An undated charter names “Ueremudus Nariz et domna Maria Froyle uxor de Didaco Suariz de Montanus et Rodericus Froyle et Fernandus Froyle” as the children of "Froyla Roderici"[982]As noted in the introduction to the present chapter, there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that document.  “Suarius Menendi” donated “hereditatibus meis...in terra de Galletia...de monasterio de Aranga” to Sobrado by charter dated 31 Aug 1158, which also records that “Ueremudus Froyle cum fratribus meis Roderico Froyle et Fernando Froyle” confirmed the donation made by “congermanus noster domnus Suarius Menendi[983].  “Rodericus Froile et frater meus Fernandus Froile” donated “hereditate...in loco...heremita Sancti Christofori de Serpentibus” to Sobrado by charter dated 21 May 1167[984]

iv)       FERNANDO Fróilaz (-after 20 Dec 1173).  An undated charter names “Ueremudus Nariz et domna Maria Froyle uxor de Didaco Suariz de Montanus et Rodericus Froyle et Fernandus Froyle” as the children of "Froyla Roderici"[985]As noted in the introduction to the present chapter, there are chronological problems with the full reconstruction presented in that document.  “Suarius Menendi” donated “hereditatibus meis...in terra de Galletia...de monasterio de Aranga” to Sobrado by charter dated 31 Aug 1158, which also records that “Ueremudus Froyle cum fratribus meis Roderico Froyle et Fernando Froyle” confirmed the donation made by “congermanus noster domnus Suarius Menendi[986].  “Rodericus Froile et frater meus Fernandus Froile” donated “hereditate...in loco...heremita Sancti Christofori de Serpentibus” to Sobrado by charter dated 21 May 1167[987].  “...Veremundus Froyle, Fernandus Froyle...” confirmed the charter dated 20 Dec 1173 under which “Garsia Gundisalui” donated “hereditate...habeo ex parte patris mei Gundisalui Menendi...portionem sororisque mee Marie Gundisalui...in terra Trasancus” to Sobrado[988]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  OTHER NOBLE FAMILIES in GALICIA

 

 

1.         PEDROm GOTINA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 30 Aug [990] under which her son "Comes dominus Pelagius, Petri filius et comitisse domine Gotine…cum uxore mea Aragoti et filiis meis" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Soandres[989].  Pedro & his wife had one child: 

a)         PELAYO Pérez (-after 3 Aug [990]).  Conde"Comes dominus Pelagius, Petri filius et comitisse domine Gotine…cum uxore mea Aragoti et filiis meis" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Soandres by charter dated 30 Aug [990][990]m ARAGONTA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 30 Aug [990] under which "Comes dominus Pelagius, Petri filius et comitisse domine Gotine…cum uxore mea Aragoti et filiis meis" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Soandres[991].  Pelayo & his wife had children: 

i)          children .  "Comes dominus Pelagius, Petri filius et comitisse domine Gotine…cum uxore mea Aragoti et filiis meis" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Soandres by charter dated 30 Aug [990][992]

 

 

1.         VIMARA Fróilaz .  "Adefonsus rex" donated property to Sahagún by charter dated 28 Apr 909, subscribed by "Vimara Froilani, Garsea, Ordonius, Gundisalvus, Froila, Ranimirus, Dunninus"[993].  “…Vimara Froilani comes et ts…” confirmed the charter dated 26 Sep 942 under which Bishop Rosendo donated property to Celanova[994]

 

2.         FRUELA Vimárez (-after 21 Dec 1002).  There is no proof that Fruela Vimáraz was related to the preceding Vimara Fróilaz but the combination of names suggests that this might be the case.  It appears that he would have been the right age to have been Vimara's grandson.  Alférez 26 Jul 988, 24 Jun 989, 25 Jun 990, 26 Nov 991 and 2 Sep 992[995].  “Froila Vimaraz armiger regis” confirmed donations to the monastery of Sahagún dated 8 Jul 985 and 24 Jun 989[996].  “Veremudus princeps, Froila Uimaraz...” confirmed the charter dated to [986/99] under which Pelayo Bishop of Lugo confirmed jurisdiction “in comitatum Presarense...in territorio Nallare” to Sobrado[997]Vermudo II King of León granted "ereditate…territorio Astoricensse prope fluminis…Orbico in valle…Antoniane…villa que fuit de Gundisaluo Adegastriz" by charter dated 10 Mar 989, subscribed by "Pelagius Menendiz, Didaco Gundesindiz, Suario Erotiz, Uermudo Gundisaluiz, Gudesteus Monniuz, Analsso Tructiniz, Nunno Alvariz, Ruderigo Nunniz, Fredosindo Errotiz, Fredenandus Monniuz, Gundesindo Gundesindiz, Monnio Garsea filius, Uermudo Quiria[---]"[998].  "Muhagare et uxori sue Godine" sold "vineam…in teretorio Astorizens iusta flumen qui discurrit Uruizens, villa…Setimo" to "Froila Uimaredizi et uxori tue Adosinda" [presumably for donation to Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas] by charter dated 21 Jan 994[999]m ADOSINDA, daughter of --- (-after 21 Jan 994).  "Muhagare et uxori sue Godine" sold "vineam…in teretorio Astorizens iusta flumen qui discurrit Uruizens, villa…Setimo" to "Froila Uimaredizi et uxori tue Adosinda" [presumably for donation to Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas] by charter dated 21 Jan 994[1000].  Fruela & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARINA Fróilaz m conde RODRIGO Díaz, son of ---. 

 

 



[1] Idatii Episcopi Chronicon, España Sagrada III, pp. 351 and 352. 

[2] García-Guijarro Ramos, L. 'Las invasions bárbaras en Hispania y la creación del Reino Visigodo', Álvarez Palenzuela, V. Á. (coord.) (2002) Historia de España de la Edad Media (Barcelona), p. 12. 

[3] Thorpe, L. (trans.) (1974) Gregory of Tours: The History of the Franks (Penguin), II.2, p. 106. 

[4] Iohannis Abbatis Biclarensis Chronica [585], MGH Auct. ant. XI, p. 217. 

[5] Lafuente, E. (ed. & trans.) (1867) Colección de obras arábicas de historia y geografía, Tome I (Madrid) ("Ajbar Machmua"), p. 38. 

[6] Wolf, K. B. (trans) (1999) Conquerors and Chroniclers of Early Medieval Spain (Liverpool University Press, 2nd ed.), Chronicle of Alfonso III, 13, p. 170. 

[7] Chronicle of Alfonso III, 16, p. 171. 

[8] España Sagrada, Tome XIII, Chronicon Albeldense, 60, p. 454. 

[9] Cronica de Sampiro, in Pérez de Urbel, J. and González Ruiz-Zorrilla, A. (eds.) (1959) Historia Silense (Madrid), (“Historia Silense (Pérez)”), p. 159. 

[10] Cronica de Sampiro 17, in Historia Silense (Pérez), p. 163. 

[11] Proyecto Regestalia, available at <http://www2.uah.es/historia1/carlossaez/Regestos/default.htm (11 Feb 2008). 

[12] As at 20 Jan 2010. 

[13] España Sagrada, Tome XIII, Chronicon Albeldense, 60, p. 454. 

[14] Cronica de Sampiro, in Historia Silense (Pérez), p. 159. 

[15] Chronicon Albeldense 61, Patrologia Latina Vol. 129, col. 1138C. 

[16] López Ferreiro, A. (1899) Historia de la Santa Iglesia de Santiago de Compostela (Santiago), Tomo II, Apéndice, XXV, p. 46. 

[17] Chronicon Sampiri, Asturicensis Episcopi, 9, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 456. 

[18] Salazar y Acha, J. (2000) La casa del Rey de Castilla y León en la Edad Media (Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales Madrid), p. 347. 

[19] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XI, p. 7. 

[20] Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León, M. (1999) Linajes nobiliarios de León y Castilla (siglos IX-XIII) (Consejería de Educación y Cultura de la Junta de Castilla y León, Valladolid), p. 304. 

[21] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XIX, p. 34. 

[22] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XIX, p. 34. 

[23] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XXV, p. 46. 

[24] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XIX, p. 34. 

[25] Chronicon Sampiri, Asturicensis Episcopi, 9, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 456. 

[26] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XXXVIII, p. 85. 

[27] Saez, E. (1987) Colección documental del archivo de la Catedral de Léon (León) (“León Cathedral”), Vol. I, 86, p. 143. 

[28] Chronicon Sampiri, Asturicensis Episcopi, 9, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 456. 

[29] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLI, p. 92. 

[30] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVI, p. 103. 

[31] Sáez, E. and Sáez, C. (eds.) (1996-2006) Colección diplomática del monasterio de Celanova (Alcalá de Henares) (“Celanova”), Tome I, 24, p. 87. 

[32] Celanova, Tome II, 85, p. 49. 

[33] Loscertales de García de Valdeavellano, P. (ed.) (1976) Tumbos del monasterio de Sobrado de los monjes (Madrid) (“Sobrado”), Vol. I, 65, p. 98. 

[34] Sobrado, Vol. I, 14, p. 47. 

[35] Sobrado, Vol. I, 14, p. 47. 

[36] Sobrado, Vol. I, 9, p. 41. 

[37] Sobrado, Vol. I, 9, p. 41. 

[38] Torres (1999), p. 314. 

[39] Sobrado, Vol. I, 9, p. 41. 

[40] Torres (1999), p. 314. 

[41] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LIII, p. 116. 

[42] Celanova, Tome I, 60, p. 137. 

[43] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXIV, p. 145, and Sobrado, Vol. I, 1, p. 21. 

[44] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 16, p. 27. 

[45] Chronicon Sampiri, Asturicensis Episcopi, 9, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 456. 

[46] Mattoso, J. (1994) A Nobreza Medieval Portuguesa, a família e o poder 4th ed. (Lisbon), p. 153. 

[47] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XXV, p. 46. 

[48] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLV, p. 101. 

[49] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[50] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, L, p. 111. 

[51] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[52] Yepes, A. de (1615) Coronica General de la Orden de San Benito, Tomo V, p. 36. 

[53] Sáez, C. and González de la Peña, M. (eds.) (2003) La Coruña. Fondo Antiguo Tome I (788-994) (Alcalá de Henares) (“La Coruña, Tome I”), 59, p. 137. 

[54] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[55] Yepes (1615), Tomo V, p. 36. 

[56] Mínguez Fernández, J. M. (ed.) (1976) Colección diplomatica del Monasterio de Sahagún, Siglos IX y X (León) (“Sahagún”), Tomo I, 98. 

[57] Sahagún, Tomo I, 99. 

[58] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LVIII, p. 127. 

[59] Sahagún, Tomo I, 132. 

[60] La Coruña, Tome I, 59, p. 137. 

[61] Saez, E. & Saez, C. (1990) Colección documental del archivo de la Catedral de Léon (León) (“León Cathedral”), Vol. II, 295, p. 60. 

[62] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[63] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[64] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[65] Celanova, Tome II, 175, p. 158. 

[66] Celanova, Tome II, 175, p. 158. 

[67] Celanova, Tome II, 175, p. 158. 

[68] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXV, p. 54. 

[69] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVIII, p. 56. 

[70] Celanova, Tome II, 175, p. 158. 

[71] Celanova, Tome II, 175, p. 158. 

[72] Celanova, Tome II, 175, p. 158. 

[73] Yepes (1615), Tomo V, Apendix, XVII, p. 439. 

[74] Pérez de Urbel, J. ‘Los Padres de Vermudo II el Gotoso’, Revista de Archivos, Biblioteca y Museos 55 (1949), p. 298, available at <http://hemerotecadigital.bne.es/issue.vm?id=0000115613&page=5&search=perez+urbel+padres+vermudo+gotoso&lang=es> (22 Nov 2012). 

[75] Pérez de Urbel ‘Los Padres de Vermudo II el Gotoso’ (1949), p. 297. 

[76] Yepes (1615), Tomo V, Apendix, VII, p. 433. 

[77] Yepes (1615), Tomo V, p. 36. 

[78] Yepes (1615), Tomo V, Apendix, XVII, p. 439. 

[79] Chronicon Sampiri, Asturicensis Episcopi, 25, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 469. 

[80] Pérez de Urbel, J. and González Ruiz-Zorrilla, A. (eds.) (1959) Historia Silense (Madrid), Cronica de Sampiro 18, p. 164. 

[81] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[82] La Coruña, Tome I, 59, p. 137. 

[83] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[84] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[85] Mattoso (1994), pp. 153-6. 

[86] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[87] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 86, p. 143. 

[88] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXVII, p. 23. 

[89] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[90] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LVIII, p. 127. 

[91] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[92] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXVII, p. 38. 

[93] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCVII, p. 61. 

[94] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCVII, p. 61. 

[95] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXVII, p. 23. 

[96] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXIV, p. 21. 

[97] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXI, p. 50. 

[98] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXI, p. 50. 

[99] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXI, p. 50. 

[100] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LVI, p. 32. 

[101] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LVI, p. 32. 

[102] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[103] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[104] Mattoso (1994), p. 154, where the lineage of his descent, shown above, is set out. 

[105] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVII, p. 48. 

[106] De Almeida Fernandes, Territorio e política portugalensis (Porto 1972), pp. 190-1, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 154. 

[107] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXI, p. 20. 

[108] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXVII, p. 23. 

[109] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXI, p. 20. 

[110] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXIV, p. 21. 

[111] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[112] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXVI, p. 22. 

[113] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[114] Torres (1999), p. 291, and Mattoso (1994), p. 142. 

[115] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCVII, p. 61. 

[116] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[117] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[118] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[119] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVII, p. 48. 

[120] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVIII, p. 56. 

[121] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVII, p. 48. 

[122] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLXVI, p. 102. 

[123] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[124] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[125] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCIX, p. 62. 

[126] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVIII, p. 56. 

[127] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCIX, p. 62. 

[128] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXVIII, p. 84. 

[129] Flórez, H. (1770) Memorias de las reynas cathólicas (Madrid), Tomo I, p. 121, quoting Tumbo de Samos, 27, the full date provided by García Álvarez, M. R. ‘La Reina Velasquita, nieta de Munidomna Díaz?’, Revista de Guimarães, 70 (1960), consulted at <www.csarmento.uminho.pt/docs/ndat/rg/RG070_10.pdf> [15 Nov 2012], p. 201, citing Biblioteca Nacional, Sección de Manuscritos, códice no. 18.387, fol. 272 r, copy of escritura 27 of the now lost Tumbo de Samos. 

[130] Celanova, Tome II, 197, p. 209. 

[131] Celanova, Tome II, 204, p. 224. 

[132] Chronicon Regum Legionensium: Barton, S. and Fletcher, R. (trans. and eds.) The World of El Cid: Chronicles of the Spanish Reconquest (Manchester UP), p. 77. 

[133] García Álvarez ‘La Reina Velasquita’ (1960), p. 198. 

[134] Risco, M. (1792) Historia de la ciudad y corte de León y de sus reyes (Madrid), p. 232. 

[135] García Álvarez ‘La Reina Velasquita’ (1960), p. 211. 

[136] Torres (1999), p. 95. 

[137] García Álvarez ‘La Reina Velasquita’ (1960), p. 202, citing Serrano, L. (1929) Cartulario de San Vicente de Oviedo (Madrid), 31, p. 32. 

[138] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[139] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[140] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCVII, p. 61. 

[141] Torres (1999), p. 295. 

[142] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[143] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[144] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[145] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[146] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVIII, p. 56. 

[147] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[148] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVIII, p. 56. 

[149] Cronica de Sampiro 27, in Historia Silense (Pérez), p. 170. 

[150] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCIX, p. 62. 

[151] Torres (1999), p. 295. 

[152] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXII, p. 81. 

[153] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXXIX, p. 192. 

[154] De Almeida Fernandes, A. Portugal no periodo vimaranense, p. 136, cited in Torres (1999), p. 296. 

[155] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXV, p. 54. 

[156] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVIII, p. 56. 

[157] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXV, p. 140. 

[158] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXXIX, p. 192. 

[159] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXV, p. 140. 

[160] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXII, p. 81. 

[161] Ruiz Asencio, J. M. (ed.) (1987) Colección documental del archivo de la Catedral de León (León) ("León Cathedral"), Vol. III, 589, p. 109. 

[162] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 54. 

[163] Dozy, R. (1859) Recherches sur l´histoire et la literature de l´Espagne pendant le moyen-âge (Leiden), Tome I, Ibn-Khaldoun Histoire des Beni-Alphonse de Galice (French trans.), p. 110. 

[164] Celanova, Tome III, 260, p. 77. 

[165] Celanova, Tome III, 261, p. 79. 

[166] ES XIV, p. 404, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 297. 

[167] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 417. 

[168] Dozy (1859), Tome I, Ibn-Khaldoun Histoire des Beni-Alphonse de Galice (French trans.), p. 111. 

[169] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 707, p. 263. 

[170] Mattoso (1981), p. 147, cited in Torres (1999), p. 297. 

[171] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXV, p. 140. 

[172] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXXIV, p. 145. 

[173] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XC, p. 221. 

[174] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXV, p. 140. 

[175] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXV, p. 140. 

[176] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXV, p. 140. 

[177] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 407. 

[178] Pérez de Urbel (1969/70), J. 'Jimenos y Velas en Portugal', RPH 5 (1951), p. 488, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 151, the latter author suggesting that this is incorrect. 

[179] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLIX, p. 160. 

[180] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCXL, p. 207. 

[181] Mattoso (1994), p. 153. 

[182] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCXL, p. 207. 

[183] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCXL, p. 207. 

[184] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCXL, p. 207. 

[185] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLIX, p. 160. 

[186] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLIX, p. 160. 

[187] Mattoso (1994), p. 151. 

[188] Núñez Contreras, L. ‘Colección diplomática de Vermudo III Rey de León’, Historia, instituciones, documentos, no. 4 (1977), 20, p. 490, available at <dialnet.uniroja.es/descarga/articulo/670252.pdf> [6 Nov 2012]. 

[189] Mattoso (1994), p. 152. 

[190] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 407. 

[191] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 707, p. 263. 

[192] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 788, p. 375. 

[193] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XC, p. 221. 

[194] Núñez Contreras (1977), 2, p. 444. 

[195] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 80. 

[196] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XC, p. 221. 

[197] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 80. 

[198] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XCII, p. 225. 

[199] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLIX, p. 160. 

[200] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXV, p. 140. 

[201] Salazar y Acha (2000), pp. 406-7. 

[202] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XC, p. 221. 

[203] Núñez Contreras (1977), 2, p. 444. 

[204] López Ferreiro (1900), Tomo III, Apéndice, XVIII, p. 56. 

[205] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLIX, p. 160. 

[206] Sobrado, Vol. I, 43, p. 75. 

[207] Sobrado, Vol. I, 9, p. 41. 

[208] Sobrado, Vol. I, 9, p. 41. 

[209] Sobrado, Vol. I, 9, p. 41. 

[210] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVI, p. 103. 

[211] Sobrado, Vol. I, 9, p. 41. 

[212] La Coruña, Tome I, 21, p. 95. 

[213] La Coruña, Tome I, 21, p. 95. 

[214] Historia Compostelana Liber I, Cap. II, 4, España Sagrada XX, p. 12. 

[215] Sobrado, Vol. I, 44, p. 77. 

[216] La Coruña, Tome I, 21, p. 95. 

[217] Sobrado, Vol. I, 45, p. 79. 

[218] Sobrado, Vol. I, 45, p. 79. 

[219] La Coruña, Tome I, 21, p. 95. 

[220] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[221] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, L, p. 111. 

[222] Sobrado, Vol. I, 85, p. 112. 

[223] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 102, p. 166. 

[224] La Coruña, Tome I, 21, p. 95. 

[225] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LIII, p. 116. 

[226] Celanova, Tome I, 60, p. 137. 

[227] Sahagún, Tomo I, 98. 

[228] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXIV, p. 145, and Sobrado, Vol. I, 1, p. 21. 

[229] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXVII, p. 155. 

[230] Sobrado, Vol. I, 9, p. 41. 

[231] Torres (1999), p. 314. 

[232] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LIII, p. 116. 

[233] Celanova, Tome I, 60, p. 137. 

[234] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXIV, p. 145, and Sobrado, Vol. I, 1, p. 21. 

[235] Historia Compostelana Liber I, Cap. II, 3 and 6, España Sagrada XX, pp. 10 and 13. 

[236] Sobrado, Vol. I, 44, p. 77. 

[237] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXVII, p. 155. 

[238] Sobrado, Vol. I, 5, p. 31. 

[239] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 348. 

[240] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXIV, p. 145, and Sobrado, Vol. I, 1, p. 21. 

[241] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXVII, p. 155. 

[242] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXXIII, p. 169, and Sobrado, Vol. I, 4, p. 29. 

[243] Sobrado, Vol. I, 5, p. 31. 

[244] Torres (1999), p. 316, where the author assumes there original document contains a transcription error on the part of the copyist. 

[245] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXVII, p. 155. 

[246] Mattoso (1981), p. 111, cited in Torres (1999), p. 315. 

[247] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXXIII, p. 169, and Sobrado, Vol. I, 4, p. 29. 

[248] Sobrado, Vol. I, 5, p. 31. 

[249] Sobrado, Vol. I, 423, p. 385. 

[250] Sobrado, Vol. I, 127, p. 158. 

[251] Sobrado, Vol. I, 423, p. 385. 

[252] Sobrado, Vol. I, 421, p. 384. 

[253] Sobrado, Vol. I, 127, p. 158. 

[254] Sobrado, Vol. II, 8, p. 23. 

[255] Sobrado, Vol. I, 423, p. 385. 

[256] Sobrado, Vol. I, 421, p. 384. 

[257] Sobrado, Vol. I, 423, p. 385. 

[258] Sobrado, Vol. I, 421, p. 384. 

[259] Sobrado, Vol. I, 423, p. 385. 

[260] Sobrado, Vol. I, 421, p. 384. 

[261] Sobrado, Vol. I, 127, p. 158. 

[262] Sobrado, Vol. I, 127, p. 158. 

[263] Sobrado, Vol. I, 423, p. 385. 

[264] Sahagún, Tomo I, 255. 

[265] CDS, docs. 261, 284 and 333. 

[266] Sobrado, Vol. I, 64, p. 97. 

[267] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XXV, p. 46. 

[268] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLI, p. 92. 

[269] Quintana Prieto, A. (ed.) (1971) Tumbo Viejo de San Pedro de Montes (León) ("San Pedro de Montes"), 6, p. 87 (classified as spurious by the editor).

[270] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 48, p. 80. 

[271] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[272] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, L, p. 111. 

[273] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 86, p. 143. 

[274] Celanova, Tome II, 191, p. 191. 

[275] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[276] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[277] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXVII, p. 23. 

[278] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[279] Rodríguez, J. (1972) Ramiro II, rey de León (Madrid), pp. 639-40, cited in Torres (1999), p. 307.   

[280] Sahagún, Tomo I, 98. 

[281] Sahagún, Tomo I, 99. 

[282] Sahagún, Tomo I, 132. 

[283] Torres (1999), p. 307. 

[284] CDS, doc. 331. 

[285] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[286] Celanova, Tome II, 125, p. 107. 

[287] Lacarra, J. M. 'Textos navarros del Códice de Roda', Estudios de Edad Media de la Corona de Aragón Vol. I (Zaragoza, 1945) 15, p. 238. 

[288] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[289] Their mothers were sisters. 

[290] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[291] Sahagún, Tomo I, 98. 

[292] Sahagún, Tomo I, 99. 

[293] Sahagún, Tomo I, 132. 

[294] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[295] Lucas Álvarez, M. and Lucas Domínguez, P. (eds.) (1966) El monasterio de San Clodio do Ribeiro en la Edad Media: estudio y documentos (A Coruña), 1 (Regestalia). 

[296] Lucas Álvarez, M. and Lucas Domínguez, P. (eds.) (1966) El monasterio de San Clodio do Ribeiro en la Edad Media: estudio y documentos (A Coruña), 1 (Regestalia). 

[297] Celanova, Tome III, 215, p. 26. 

[298] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XLV, p. 27. 

[299] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[300] Celanova, Tome II, 191, p. 191. 

[301] Celanova, Tome III, 229, p. 48. 

[302] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1038, p. 213. 

[303] Celanova, Tome III, 229, p. 48. 

[304] Sahagún, Tomo I, 331. 

[305] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[306] Celanova, Tome II, 191, p. 191. 

[307] Sáez, E. 'Notas al episcopologio minduniense', Hispania VI (1946), pp. 3-79, chart 4, cited in Torres (1999), p. 309. 

[308] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, L, p. 111. 

[309] España Sagrada, Tome XVI, I, p. 424. 

[310] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 347. 

[311] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XI, p. 7. 

[312] Torres (1999), p. 304. 

[313] Torres (1999), p. 304. 

[314] Chronicon Sampiri, Asturicensis Episcopi, 9, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 456. 

[315] Pérez de Urbel (1969/70), J. (1952) Sampiro, su crónica y la monarquía leonesa en el siglo X (Madrid), p. 291, cited in Torres (1999), p. 304. 

[316] López Ferreiro (1902), vol. 2, pp. 72-4, cited in Torres (1999), p. 304. 

[317] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[318] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[319] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[320] San Pedro de Montes, 1, p. 79.

[321] Chronicon Sampiri, Asturicensis Episcopi, 9, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 456. 

[322] San Pedro de Montes, 6, p. 87 (classified as spurious by the editor).

[323] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 48, p. 80. 

[324] Sáez, E. 'Los ascendientes de San Rosendo', Hispania XXX (1948), pp. 3-76 and 179-233, 32, cited in Torres (1999), p. 306. 

[325] Celanova, Tome I, 73, p. 158. 

[326] Celanova, Tome II, 154, p. 134. 

[327] Mattoso (1994), p. 118.  

[328] Celanova, Tome II, 203, p. 222. 

[329] Celanova, Tome II, 203, p. 222. 

[330] Celanova, Tome II, 154, p. 134. 

[331] Celanova, Tome II, 154, p. 134. 

[332] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[333] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[334] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[335] España Sagrada, Tomo XIX, p. 349. 

[336] Celanova, Tome I, 32, p. 99. 

[337] San Pedro de Montes, 6, p. 87 (classified as spurious by the editor).

[338] Sahagún, Tomo I, 19. 

[339] Sahagún, Tomo I, 22. 

[340] Sahagún, Tomo I, 23. 

[341] Cronica de Sampiro 18, in Historia Silense (Pérez), p. 164. 

[342] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[343] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XX, p. 13. 

[344] De Almeida Fernandes, A. (1972) Portugal no periodo vimaranense (Guimarães), p. 228, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 109. 

[345] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[346] San Pedro de Montes, 1, p. 79.

[347] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 27, p. 43. 

[348] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLI, p. 92. 

[349] San Pedro de Montes, 6, p. 87 (classified as spurious by the editor).

[350] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 48, p. 80. 

[351] Vignau Ballester. V. (ed.) (1885) Cartulario del monasterio de Eslonza (Madrid) ("Eslonza"), Part I, III, p. 5. 

[352] Mattoso (1994), p. 119. 

[353] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[354] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[355] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 86, p. 143. 

[356] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[357] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[358] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[359] Mattoso (1994), p. 121. 

[360] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLV, p. 101. 

[361] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[362] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[363] López Ferreiro, A. (1901) Collección diplomática de la Galicia histórica (Santiago) CII, p. 451. 

[364] Celanova, Tome II, 154, p. 134. 

[365] Celanova, Tome II, 154, p. 134. 

[366] Torres (1999), p. 309 footnote 1566.   

[367] Mattoso (1994), pp. 121-2. 

[368] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXLV, p. 91. 

[369] Núñez Contreras (1977), 10, p. 464. 

[370] De Almeida Fernandes, p. 118, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 122. 

[371] Celanova, Tome II, 154, p. 134. 

[372] Mattoso (1994), p. 122. 

[373] España Sagrada, Tomo XIX, p. 359. 

[374] Celanova, Tome I, 31, p. 98. 

[375] Celanova, Tome I, 31, p. 98. 

[376] Colección Diplomática de Galicia Histórica, CII, p. 451. 

[377] Lucas Álvarez, M. and Lucas Domínguez, P. (eds.) (1966) El monasterio de San Clodio do Ribeiro en la Edad Media: estudio y documentos (A Coruña), 2 (Regestalia). 

[378] Celanova, Tome II, 154, p. 134. 

[379] Mattoso (1994), p. 122. 

[380] Gonzaga de Azevedo, L. História de Portugal II, p. 162, note 1, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 123. 

[381] Serrano, L. (ed.) (1927) Cartulario de Monasterio de Vega con documentos de San Pelayo de Oviedo (Madrid), Vega (“Vega”), 2, p. 3. 

[382] Cronica de Sampiro 27, in Historia Silense (Pérez), p. 170. 

[383] Torres (1999), p. 311. 

[384] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLXX, p. 105. 

[385] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXLV, p. 91. 

[386] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXLVIII, p. 93. 

[387] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLIV, p. 96. 

[388] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXLVIII, p. 93. 

[389] Sahagún, Tomo I, 255. 

[390] Mattoso (1994), p. 125. 

[391] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXLVIII, p. 93. 

[392] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLXX, p. 105. 

[393] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLXXXXVI, p. 120. 

[394] Torres (1999), p. 311, and Mattoso (1994), p. 126. 

[395] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXXIV, p. 145. 

[396] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLXXXXV, p. 180. 

[397] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLXXXXV, p. 180. 

[398] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCLXIII, p. 221. 

[399] Sáez 'Episcopologio', chart 5, cited in Torres (1999), p. 312. 

[400] Vita Sancti Rudesindi episcopi, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Liber I, cap. I, 1, p. 34. 

[401] Celanova, Tome I, 28, p. 92. 

[402] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[403] Mattoso (1994), p. 119. 

[404] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[405] Celanova, Tome II, 185, p. 177. 

[406] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[407] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[408] Celanova, Tome I, 53, p. 124. 

[409] Torres (1999), p. 310. 

[410] Mattoso (1994), p. 119. 

[411] Celanova, Tome I, 53, p. 124. 

[412] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[413] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLXX, p. 105. 

[414] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXV, p. 140. 

[415] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXXXIV, p. 145.  

[416] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XC, p. 221. 

[417] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[418] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[419] Celanova, Tome II, 84, p. 48. 

[420] Celanova, Tome II, 91, p. 62. 

[421] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVIII, p. 56. 

[422] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCIX, p. 62. 

[423] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXVIII, p. 84. 

[424] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[425] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[426] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[427] Muñoz Romero, T. (1847) Colección de Fueros municipales y cartas pueblas (Madrid), Tome I, p. 157. 

[428] Muñoz Romero (1847), Tome I, p. 157. 

[429] Sobrado, Vol. I, 423, p. 385. 

[430] Sobrado, Vol. I, 423, p. 385. 

[431] López Ferreiro (1900), Tomo III, Apéndice, XVIII, p. 56. 

[432] Torres (1999), p. 322 footnote 1653. 

[433] Mattoso (1994), p. 108. 

[434] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XXV, p. 46. 

[435] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XXXVIII, p. 85. 

[436] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XX, p. 13. 

[437] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLI, p. 92. 

[438] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLV, p. 101. 

[439] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXV, p. 16. 

[440] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XX, p. 13.  

[441] De Almeida Fernandes, A. (1972) Portugal no periodo vimaranense (Guimarães), p. 228, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 109. 

[442] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[443] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 48, p. 80. 

[444] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[445] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 86, p. 143. 

[446] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[447] Sáez, E. 'Ramiro II rey de Portugal de 926 a 930', Revista portuguesa de história 3 (Coimbra, 1947), pp. 271-90, 285, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 109. 

[448] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 102, p. 166. 

[449] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[450] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[451] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[452] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXI, p. 20. 

[453] Colección Diplomática Riojana 46, p. 483. 

[454] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXI, p. 20. 

[455] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[456] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXVI, p. 22. 

[457] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[458] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXIV, p. 21. 

[459] Sáez, E. 'Notas al episcopologio minduniense del siglo X', Hispania 6 (1946), pp. 3-79, 28, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 110. 

[460] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXIX, p. 88. 

[461] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXI, p. 20. 

[462] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXVI, p. 22. 

[463] Celanova, Tome II, 176, p. 160. 

[464] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[465] Celanova, Tome II, 188, p. 185. 

[466] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXLV, p. 91. 

[467] Celanova, Tome III, 236, p. 55. 

[468] Mattoso (1994), p. 112. 

[469] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[470] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[471] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXLV, p. 91. 

[472] La Coruña, Tome I, 96, p. 176. 

[473] La Coruña, Tome I, 96, p. 176. 

[474] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXVII, p. 155. 

[475] Mattoso (1981), p. 111, cited in Torres (1999), p. 315. 

[476] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXXIII, p. 169, and Sobrado, Vol. I, 4, p. 29. 

[477] Sobrado, Vol. I, 5, p. 31. 

[478] Mattoso (1994), p. 114. 

[479] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLIX, p. 160. 

[480] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLIX, p. 160. 

[481] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 418. 

[482] Historia Silense, Chapter 90, p. 52. 

[483] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLIX, p. 160. 

[484] Mattoso (1994), p. 114. 

[485] Celanova, Tome I, 34, p. 101. 

[486] Celanova, Tome II, 86, p. 51. 

[487] León Cathedral, Vol. II, 270, p. 19. 

[488] Celanova, Tome II, 123, p. 105. 

[489] Sobrado, Vol. I, 107, p. 127. 

[490] Celanova, Tome II, 176, p. 160. 

[491] Celanova, Tome II, 185, p. 177. 

[492] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[493] Celanova, Tome II, 203, p. 222. 

[494] Celanova, Tome II, 176, p. 160. 

[495] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[496] Celanova, Tome II, 188, p. 185. 

[497] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXLV, p. 91. 

[498] Celanova, Tome III, 236, p. 55. 

[499] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[500] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[501] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[502] Celanova, Tome II, 203, p. 222. 

[503] Celanova, Tome III, 231, p. 50. 

[504] Sahagún, Tomo I, 84. 

[505] Sahagún, Tomo I, 132. 

[506] León Cathedral, Vol. II, 295, p. 60. 

[507] Celanova, Tome II, 203, p. 222. 

[508] Celanova, Tome II, 185, p. 177. 

[509] Historia Compostelana Liber I, Cap. II, 7, España Sagrada XX, p. 13. 

[510] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[511] Celanova, Tome II, 188, p. 185. 

[512] Celanova, Tome II, 190, p. 188. 

[513] Celanova, Tome III, 210, p. 22. 

[514] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[515] Celanova, Tome III, 236, p. 55. 

[516] Celanova, Tome II, 187, p. 183. 

[517] Celanova, Tome II, 176, p. 160. 

[518] Celanova, Tome II, 191, p. 191. 

[519] Celanova, Tome II, 191, p. 191. 

[520] Celanova, Tome II, 191, p. 191. 

[521] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[522] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[523] Celanova, Tome I, 65, p. 142. 

[524] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[525] Andrade, J. M. (ed.) (1995) El tumbo de San Julián de Samos (siglos VII-XII) (Santiago) (“Samos), doc. 13, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 114. 

[526] Herrero de la Fuente, M. (1988) Colección diplomática del monasterio de Sahagún (León) (“Sahagún”), Tomo II, 608, p. 304. 

[527] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 802, p. 391. 

[528] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XC, p. 221. 

[529] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158. 

[530] Herrero Jiménez, M. (ed.) (1994) Colección documental del archivo de la catedral de León, Vol. X, Obituarios medievales (León) (“León Cathedral Necrology”)

[531] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[532] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158. 

[533] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1003, p. 161. 

[534] Cavero Domínguez, G. & Martín López, E. (eds.) (1999) Colección documental de la Catedral de Astorga (León) ("Astorga Cathedral"), Vol. I, 354, p. 289. 

[535] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1114, p. 321. 

[536] Samos, doc. 13, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 114. 

[537] Sahagún, Tomo II, 608, p. 304. 

[538] León Cathedral Necrology. 

[539] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[540] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[541] Sahagún, Tomo II, 477, p. 142. 

[542] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1048, p. 223. 

[543] León Cathedral Necrology. 

[544] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 151. 

[545] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 151. 

[546] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[547] León Cathedral Necrology. 

[548] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1146, p. 374. 

[549] Cadenas Allende, F. 'Los Flagínez: una familia leonesa de hace mil años', Estudios genealógicos, heráldicos y nobiliarios en honor de Vicente Cadenas y Vicent, I (Madrid, 1978), p. 183. 

[550] An unpublished manuscript quoted in Torres (1999), pp. 120 and 126. 

[551] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158. 

[552] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1146, p. 374. 

[553] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1195, p. 453. 

[554] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1201, p. 467. 

[555] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[556] Núñez Contreras (1977), 20, p. 490. 

[557] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158. 

[558] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1003, p. 161. 

[559] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XCVII, p. 245. 

[560] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XCVIII, p. 248. 

[561] Eslonza, Part I, V, p. 8. 

[562] Samos, doc. 79, cited in Torres (1999), p. 120. 

[563] Samos, doc. 54, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 118. 

[564] Samos, doc. 187, cited in Torres (1999), p. 120. 

[565] España Sagrada XXVII, VI, p. 455, and Sahagún, Tomo II, 700, 421. 

[566] Eslonza, Part I, V, p. 8. 

[567] Sahagún, Tomo III, 729, p. 4. 

[568] Samos, doc. 79, cited in Torres (1999), p. 120. 

[569] Sahagún, Tomo III, 781, p. 68. 

[570] Sahagún, Tomo III, 810, p. 105. 

[571] Sahagún, Tomo III, 729, p. 4. 

[572] Sahagún, Tomo III, 927, p. 255. 

[573] Sahagún, Tomo III, 927, p. 255. 

[574] Samos, doc. 245, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 127. 

[575] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[576] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158. 

[577] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1003, p. 161. 

[578] Sahagún, Tomo II, 608, p. 304. 

[579] Samos, S. 14, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 117. 

[580] Sahagún, Tomo II, 705, p. 428. 

[581] Samos, doc. 133, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 118. 

[582] Samos, doc. 54, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 118. 

[583] Sahagún, Tomo III, 733, p. 9. 

[584] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1201, p. 467. 

[585] Sahagún, Tomo III, 781, p. 68. 

[586] Sahagún, Tomo III, 782, p. 71. 

[587] Archivo Histórico Nacional, códice 267-B, folio 82v, quoted in Salazar Acha, J. de 'Una familia de la Alta Edad Media: Los Velas y su realidad historica', Estudios Genealógicos y Heráldicos (Asociación Española de Estudios Genealógicos y Heráldicos, Madrid, 1985), p. 43. 

[588] Archivo Histórico Nacional, códice 267-B, folio 150v, quoted in Salazar Acha ´Los Velas´, p. 43. 

[589] Biblioteca Nacional, ms. 18.387, folio 237v, escrituras de Samos, quoted in Salazar Acha ´Los Velas´, p. 43. 

[590] Samos, doc. 54, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 118. 

[591] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1118, p. 476. 

[592] Fernández Catón, J. M. (ed.) (1990) Colección documental del archivo de la Catedral de León (León) ("León Cathedral"), Vol. V, 1330, p. 11. 

[593] Sahagún, Tomo IV, 1191, p. 39. 

[594] Samos, docs. 220 and 192, respectively, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 124. 

[595] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1118, p. 476. 

[596] Samos, doc. 22, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 124. 

[597] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1118, p. 476. 

[598] Samos, doc. 54, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 124. 

[599] Pérez Celada, J. A. (ed.) (1986) Documentación del monasterio de San Zoilo de Carrion 1047-1300 (Palencia) (“San Zoilo de Carrión”) 29, p. 50, and Garrido Garrido, J. M. (ed.) (1983) Documentación de la catedral de Burgos (804-1183) (Burgos) ("Burgos Cathedral"), 116, p. 204. 

[600] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1118, p. 476. 

[601] Samos, doc. 54, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 118. 

[602] León Cathedral, Vol. V, 1330, p. 11. 

[603] Samos, doc. 54, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 118. 

[604] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1108, p. 463. 

[605] León Cathedral, Vol. V, 1330, p. 11. 

[606] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158.  

[607] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1003, p. 161. 

[608] Sahagún, Tomo II, 502, p. 175. 

[609] Sahagún, Tomo II, 608, p. 304. 

[610] Sahagún, Tomo III, 733, p. 9. 

[611] Sahagún, Tomo III, 737, p. 12. 

[612] Sahagún, Tomo III, 763, p. 43. 

[613] Pérez, J., Romualdo Escalona, F. (1782) Historia del real monasterio de Sahagun (Madrid) ("Sahagún (Pérez)"), Apéndice III, Escritura CXXXVIII, p. 505. 

[614] Sahagún, Tomo III, 816, p. 113. 

[615] Sahagún, Tomo II, 608, p. 304. 

[616] Sahagún, Tomo III, 763, p. 43. 

[617] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1162, p. 538. 

[618] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1162, p. 538. 

[619] Sahagún, Tomo II, 608, p. 304. 

[620] Sahagún, Tomo III, 763, p. 43. 

[621] Sahagún (Pérez), Apéndice III, Escritura CXXXVIII, p. 505. 

[622] Sahagún, Tomo III, 763, p. 43. 

[623] Sahagún, Tomo III, 816, p. 113. 

[624] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1101, p. 454. 

[625] Sahagún, Tomo II, 608, p. 304. 

[626] Sahagún, Tomo III, 763, p. 43. 

[627] Samos, doc. 245, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 118. 

[628] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[629] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[630] Sobrado, Vol. II, 75, p. 104. 

[631] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158. 

[632] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1003, p. 161. 

[633] Sahagún, Tomo II, 608, p. 304. 

[634] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLV, p. 101. 

[635] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[636] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXI, p. 20. 

[637] Celanova, Tome II, 91, p. 62. 

[638] Pérez de Urbel (1969/70), J. 'Jimenos y Velas en Portugal', RPH 51 (1951), pp. 480-1, cited in Torres (1999), p. 310, and Mattoso (1994), p. 139. 

[639] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXIV, p. 21. 

[640] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXIV, p. 21.  

[641] Sáez, E. 'Notas al episcopologio minduniense del siglo X', Hispania 6 (1946), pp. 3-79, 28, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 110. 

[642] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXIV, p. 21. 

[643] Celanova, Tome II, 21, p. 83. 

[644] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[645] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXIV, p. 21. 

[646] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XLII, p. 26. 

[647] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XLVII, p. 28. 

[648] Celanova, Tome II, 91, p. 62. 

[649] Torres (1999), p. 310. 

[650] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXIII, p. 52. 

[651] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[652] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[653] Celanova, Tome II, 84, p. 48. 

[654] Celanova, Tome II, 91, p. 62. 

[655] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXII, p. 51. 

[656] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVIII, p. 56. 

[657] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCIX, p. 62. 

[658] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXVIII, p. 84. 

[659] Celanova, Tome II, 110, p. 89. 

[660] Torres (1999), p. 310. 

[661] Celanova, Tome II, 110, p. 89. 

[662] Sahagún (Pérez), Apéndice III, Escritura LI, p. 421. 

[663] Torres (1999), p. 310, although the author cites no supporting arguments for this conclusion other than the first Jimeno Jiménez having "abandoned his Portuguese lands".

[664] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXXXV, p. 205. 

[665] García Leal, A. (ed.) (2000) El Registro de Corias (Oviedo) (“El Registro de Corias (2000)”), p. 135. 

[666] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 180. 

[667] Saéz 'Episcopologio', chart 6, cited in Torres (1999), p. 311. 

[668] El Libro Registro de Corias, 536, p. 166, quoted in Salazar Acha ´Los Velas´, pp. 28-9. 

[669] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 709, p. 268. 

[670] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 760, p. 337. 

[671] Fernández Flórez, J. A., Herrero de la Fuente, M. (eds.) (1999) Colección documental del monasterio de Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas (Madrid) ("Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas"), Vol. I, 124, p. 199. 

[672] Sahagún, Tomo II, 406, p. 51. 

[673] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 788, p. 375. 

[674] Salazar Acha 'Los Velas', p. 31. 

[675] García Leal, A. (1998) Colección Diplomatica del monasterio de San Juan Bautista de Corias (Universidad de Oviedo) (“San Juan Bautista de Corias”), p. 125 (Regestalia).  

[676] Núñez Contreras (1977), 6, p. 453. 

[677] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 48. 

[678] Sahagún, Tomo II, 497, p. 168. 

[679] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1048, p. 224. 

[680] San Juan Bautista de Corias, p. 125 (Regestalia).  

[681] Núñez Contreras (1977), 6, p. 453. 

[682] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, III, p. 449. 

[683] Sahagún, Tomo II, 497, p. 168. 

[684] San Vicente de Oviedo, information provided by Mara González Morejón in private emails to the author dated 31 Aug and 1 Sep 2013. 

[685] San Juan Bautista de Corias, p. 70 (Regestalia).  

[686] San Juan Bautista de Corias, p. 125 (Regestalia).  

[687] Oviedo Cathedral, information provided by Mara González Morejón in a private email to the author dated 31 Aug 2013. 

[688] San Juan Bautista de Corias, p. 132 (Regestalia).  

[689] San Juan Bautista de Corias, p. 171 (Regestalia).  

[690] El Libro Registro de Corias (1950), 384, p. 111, quoted in Salazar Acha 'Los Velas', p. 31. 

[691] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 788, p. 375. 

[692] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, LXXXVIII, p. 217. 

[693] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 134. 

[694] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 135. 

[695] Astorga Cathedral, Vol. I, 328, p. 271. 

[696] Astorga Cathedral, Vol. I, 328, p. 271. 

[697] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 48. 

[698] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 94. 

[699] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 92. 

[700] El Registro de Corias (2000), p. 48. 

[701] Celanova, Tome II, 198, p. 211. 

[702] García Álvarez ‘La Reina Velasquita’ (1960), p. 202, citing Isola, D. L. ‘Algunos documentos de Alfonso V’, Cuadernos de Historia de España, I-II (1944), I, p. 354. 

[703] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLXVIII, p. 103. 

[704] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXII, p. 51. 

[705] Celanova, Tome III, 215, p. 26. 

[706] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLXVIII, p. 103. 

[707] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXI, p. 20. 

[708] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXIV, p. 21. 

[709] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXI, p. 35. 

[710] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXVI, p. 22. 

[711] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXVI, p. 44. 

[712] Torres (1999), p. 291, and Mattoso (1994), p. 142. 

[713] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XCVII, p. 61. 

[714] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XLVIII, p. 106. 

[715] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XXV, p. 46. 

[716] Chronicon Sampiri, Asturicensis Episcopi, 9, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 456. 

[717] Sáez, E. 'Los ascendientes de San Rosendo. Notas para el studio de la monarquía astur-leonesa durante los siglos IX y X', Hispania VIII (1948), pp. 3-75, 52-5, cited in Torres (1999), p. 283. 

[718] Mattoso (1994), p. 127. 

[719] Celanova, Tome I, 24, p. 87. 

[720] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[721] Celanova, Tome I, 29, p. 94. 

[722] Celanova, Tome I, 40, p. 106. 

[723] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[724] Sáez 'Los ascendientes de San Rosendo', pp. 3-75, 66-8, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 128. 

[725] La Coruña, Tome I, 59, p. 137. 

[726] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[727] Yepes (1615), Tomo V, p. 36. 

[728] Sáez 'Los ascendientes de San Rosendo', pp. 57-8 note 121, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 129. 

[729] Torres (1999), p. 292. 

[730] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXVI, p. 83. 

[731] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXVI, p. 83. 

[732] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLIX, p. 99. 

[733] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCLXXXIV, p. 234. 

[734] Mattoso (1994), p. 130. 

[735] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCLXXXIV, p. 234. 

[736] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 93, p. 152. 

[737] León Cathedral, Vol. I, 123, p. 192. 

[738] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[739] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XXXI, p. 20. 

[740] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, L, p. 111. 

[741] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[742] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[743] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXLII, p. 150. 

[744] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXLII, p. 150. 

[745] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVII, p. 55. 

[746] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXIII, p. 82. 

[747] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXLII, p. 150. 

[748] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXIII, p. 82. 

[749] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXVI, p. 132. 

[750] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXIII, p. 82. 

[751] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXVI, p. 132. 

[752] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXIII, p. 82. 

[753] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXLII, p. 150. 

[754] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXLII, p. 150. 

[755] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLXX, p. 165. 

[756] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLXXXXIV, p. 179. 

[757] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCIX, p. 188. 

[758] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCLXIII, p. 221. 

[759] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLXXXXV, p. 180. 

[760] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCLXIII, p. 221. 

[761] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLXXXV, p. 174. 

[762] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCLXXXXIV, p. 179. 

[763] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCIX, p. 188. 

[764] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. II, Pars I, CCCLXIII, p. 221. 

[765] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXIII, p. 82. 

[766] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CXXXVI, p. 83. 

[767] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXVI, p. 132. 

[768] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXVI, p. 132. 

[769] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXXXVII, p. 55. 

[770] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CCXLII, p. 150. 

[771] Mattoso (1994), p. 133, the author also citing five other individuals with the patronymic "Gundesíndez" from the same period who may have been brothers of Honorico. 

[772] Mattoso (1994), p. 133. 

[773] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[774] Mattoso (1994), p. 131. 

[775] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[776] Torres (1999), p. 283 and Mattoso (1994), p. 132. 

[777] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, XII, p. 7. 

[778] Celanova, Tome I, 57, p. 130. 

[779] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[780] Celanova, Tome I, 57, p. 130. 

[781] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[782] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXVI, p. 38. 

[783] Sáez E. 'Los ascendientes de San Rosendo', pp. 3-75, 66-8, cited in Mattoso (1994), p. 128. 

[784] Torres (1999), p. 292, citing 'Los descendientes del conde Ero Fernández, fundador del monasterio de Santa María de Ferreira de Pallares', Galicia en la Edad Media (Madrid, 1990), pp. 69-70. 

[785] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXVI, p. 38. 

[786] La Coruña, Tome I, 29, p. 103. 

[787] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXVI, p. 38. 

[788] Torres (1999), p. 292, citing Salazar, J. ‘Los descendientes del conde Ero’ (1990), pp. 69-70. 

[789] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXIII, p. 36. 

[790] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, LXIII, p. 36. 

[791] Torres (1999), p. 292, citing Salazar, J. ‘Los descendientes del conde Ero’ (1990), pp. 69-70. 

[792] Torres (1999), p. 292, citing Salazar, J. ‘Los descendientes del conde Ero’ (1990), pp. 69-70. 

[793] Torres (1999), p. 292, citing Salazar, J. ‘Los descendientes del conde Ero’ (1990), pp. 69-70. 

[794] Sobrado, Vol. I, 107, p. 127. 

[795] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 450. 

[796] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 450. 

[797] Sobrado, Vol. I, 109, p. 131. 

[798] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 450. 

[799] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 451. 

[800] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 450. 

[801] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 451. 

[802] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 450. 

[803] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 450. 

[804] Yepes (1617), Tomo VI, Apendix, IV, p. 450. 

[805] Torres (1999), p. 293. 

[806] Torres (1999), p. 293. 

[807] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XCIV, p. 236.  

[808] Salazar Acha 'Los descendientes del conde Ero Fernández' (1990), pp. 71-2, cited in Torres (1999), p. 293. 

[809] Torres (1999), p. 293, quoting BN, ms. 18387, f. 280v. 

[810] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XCIV, p. 236. 

[811] Mattoso (1994), p. 128. 

[812] Mattoso (1994), p. 128. 

[813] Sobrado, Vol. I, 107, p. 127. 

[814] Sahagún, Tomo I, 333. 

[815] Núñez Contreras (1977), 12, p. 469. 

[816] Celanova, Tome III, 215, p. 26. 

[817] Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Diplomata et Chartæ, Vol. I (Lisbon, 1868), Fasc. I, Pars I, CLXVIII, p. 103. 

[818] León Cathedral, Vol. II, 270, p. 19. 

[819] Sahagún, Tomo I, 196. 

[820] Núñez Contreras (1977), 12, p. 469. 

[821] Faria i Sousa, F. & Alarcon, F. A. de (eds.) (1641) Nobiliario del Conde de Barcelos Don Pedro (Madrid) ("Pedro Barcelos"), Tit. III, 16, p. 2. 

[822] Barrau-Dihigo, L. (1989) Historia política del reino asturiano (718-910) (Gijón) [Spanish translation of ‘Recherches sur l´histoire politique du royaume asturien (718-910)’, Revue Hispanique, 52 (1921)], p. 246. 

[823] Núñez Contreras (1977), 12, p. 469. 

[824] Núñez Contreras (1977), 14, p. 475. 

[825] Núñez Contreras (1977), 14, p. 475. 

[826] Núñez Contreras (1977), 12, p. 469. 

[827] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 701, p. 252. 

[828] León Cathedral, Vol. III, 788, p. 375. 

[829] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XC, p. 221. 

[830] Núñez Contreras (1977), 2, p. 444. 

[831] Núñez Contreras (1977), 3, p. 447. 

[832] Núñez Contreras (1977), 12, p. 469. 

[833] Torres (1999), p. 293, quoting BN, ms. 18387, f. 280v. 

[834] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XCIV, p. 236. 

[835] Torres (1999), p. 293, quoting BN, ms. 18387, f. 280v. 

[836] Torres (1999), p. 293, citing Salazar, J. ‘Los descendientes del conde Ero’ (1990), no. 26, p. 73. 

[837] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. III, 16, p. 2, and Tit. VII, p. 44. 

[838] Torres (1999), p. 293, quoting BN, ms. 18387, f. 280v. 

[839] Sobrado, Vol. II, 75, p. 104. 

[840] Torres (1999), p. 293, quoting BN, ms. 18387, f. 280v. 

[841] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XCIV, p. 236. 

[842] Torres (1999), p. 294, citing Salazar, J. ‘Los descendientes del conde Ero’ (1990), p. 74. 

[843] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[844] Sobrado, Vol. II, 75, p. 104. 

[845] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158. 

[846] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1003, p. 161. 

[847] Torres (1999), p. 294, citing Salazar, J. ‘Los descendientes del conde Ero’ (1990), p. 74. 

[848] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 76. 

[849] San Millán de la Cogolla, Vol. II, 6, p. 13. 

[850] Sanz Fuentes, M. J. ‘Mas documentos del monasterio de San Vicente anteriores a 1200’, Asturiense medievalia, 5 (1986), available at <dialnet.uniroja.es> (31 Jan 2013) (“Sanz Fuentes ‘San Vicente’ (1986)”), 1, p. 96. 

[851] Sahagún, Tomo III, 781, p. 68. 

[852] Sahagún, Tomo III, 782, p. 71. 

[853] San Pedro de Montes, 40, p. 125.

[854] Reilly, B. F. (1988) The Kingdom of León-Castilla under King Alfonso VI 1065-1109 (Princeton University Press), Chapter 10, p. 190, in the Library of Iberian Resources Online, consulted at <http://libro.uca.edu/alfonso6/alfonso.htm> (7 Dec 2002), footnote 9, citing Sánchez Alonso, B. (ed.) (1924) Crónica del Obispo Don Pelayo (Madrid), p. 62 [not yet consulted]. 

[855] Torres (1999), pp. 125 and 294-5. 

[856] Barton (2002), p. 297, citing Santiago de Compostela, Archivo del Monasterio de San Payo de Antealtares, ‘Traslaso de privilegios’, no. 18 (1175). 

[857] Salazar Acha 'Los Velas', p. 53, quoting Archivo Histórico Nacional [AHN], códice 267-B, folio 73. 

[858] Tumbo Nuevo de Lugo ["Tumbo Nuevo de Lugo"], cod. 363, fol. 73 r., quoted in Torres (1999), p. 125. 

[859] Salazar Acha 'Los Velas', p. 53, quoting Archivo Histórico Nacional [AHN], códice 267-B, folio 73. 

[860] Casado Lobato, C. (1983) Colección diplomática del monasterio de Carrizo Vol. I (969-1260) (León) ("Carrizo"), 3, p. 3. 

[861] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 354. 

[862] San Millán de la Cogolla, Vol. II, 6, p. 13. 

[863] Férotin, D. M. (ed.) (1897) (Paris) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Silos (“Silos”), 24, p. 30. 

[864] Eslonza, Part I, VI, p. 10. 

[865] Sahagún, Tomo III, 1045, p. 383. 

[866] Torres (1999), pp. 294 and 351, citing Rey Caiña, J. A. ‘La abadía de Ferreira de Pallares desde 898 hasta 1300’, Cuadernos de Estudios Gallegos XXXIV (1983), p. 90. 

[867] Tumbo Nuevo de Lugo, f. 111 r/v, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 169.  The doubts about the correct translation are discussed on p. 170 footnote 847. 

[868] Tumbo Nuevo de Lugo, ff. 88v-89r, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 170. 

[869] Tumbo Nuevo de Lugo, ff. 105v-106r, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 170. 

[870] Tumbo Nuevo de Lugo, f. 111 r/v, quoted in Torres (1999), p. 169.  The doubts about the correct translation are discussed on p. 170 footnote 847. 

[871] Carrizo, Vol. I, 3, p. 3. 

[872] Rodríguez González, M. C. ´Concubina o esposa. Reflexiones sobre la unión de Jimena Muñiz con Alfonso VI´, Studia Historica, Historia Medieval No. 25 (2007), p. 160, citing Lucas Álvarez, M. (1986) El tumbo de San Julián de Samos, doc. 172. 

[873] San Pedro de Montes, 42, p. 127.

[874] Sahagún, Tomo III, 827, p. 129. 

[875] Carrizo, Vol. I, 3, p. 3. 

[876] San Pedro de Montes, 42, p. 127.

[877] San Pedro de Montes, 58, p. 144.

[878] San Pedro de Montes, 59, p. 145.

[879] San Pedro de Montes, 95, p. 182.

[880] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 87. 

[881] Chronicon de Cardeña, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 378. 

[882] Reilly (1988), Chapter 6, p. 199. 

[883] Reilly (1988), Chapter 12, p. 192. 

[884] San Pedro de Montes, 42, p. 127.

[885] San Pedro de Montes, 63, p. 149.

[886] San Pedro de Montes, 79, p. 166.

[887] San Pedro de Montes, 94, p. 181.

[888] San Pedro de Montes, 97, p. 184.

[889] San Pedro de Montes, 110, p. 198.

[890] San Pedro de Montes, 106, 107, 113, 117, and 121, pp. 194, 195, 202, 208, and 213.

[891] San Pedro de Montes, 127, 131, 132, and 135, p. 221, 225, 226, and 230.

[892] Rodríguez González ´Concubina…Jimena Muñiz´, p. 164, citing Ayala Martínez, C. (1995) Libro de privilegios de la Orden de San Juan de Jerusalén en Castilla y León (siglos XII-XV) (Madrid), doc. 21. 

[893] Rodríguez González ´Concubina…Jimena Muñiz´, p. 164, citing Ayala Martínez (1995), doc. 22. 

[894] Astorga Cathedral, Vol. II, 642, p. 61. 

[895] Rodríguez González ´Concubina…Jimena Muñiz´, p. 166, quoting text of inscription now in Museo de San Marcos de León. 

[896] Sandoval, P. de (1792) Historia de los reyes de Castilla y de León, Vol. I, p. 347. 

[897] León Cathedral Necrology. 

[898] Sahagún, Tomo I, 255. 

[899] Sahagún, Tomo I, 284. 

[900] Celanova, Tome II, 188, p. 185. 

[901] León Cathedral, Vol. II, 506, p. 316. 

[902] Celanova, Tome II, 198, p. 211. 

[903] Celanova, Tome II, 204, p. 224. 

[904] Celanova, Tome II, 188, p. 185. 

[905] Celanova, Tome II, 188, p. 185. 

[906] Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas, Vol. I, 106, p. 169. 

[907] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1201, p. 467. 

[908] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1002, p. 158. 

[909] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1146, p. 374. 

[910] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1195, p. 453. 

[911] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1146, p. 374. 

[912] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1195, p. 453. 

[913] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1201, p. 467. 

[914] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1201, p. 467. 

[915] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1201, p. 467. 

[916] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1146, p. 374. 

[917] León Cathedral, Vol. IV, 1195, p. 453. 

[918] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[919] Sáez 'Episcopologio', chart 5 [not yet consulted], cited in Torres (1999), p. 312. 

[920] López Sangil, J. L. 'La familia Fróilaz-Traba en la Edad Media gallega', Estudios Mindonienses 12 (1996), pp. 275-403, republished as López Sangil, J. L. (2002) La nobleza altomedieval gallega, La familia Froilaz-Traba (Toxosoutos) [not yet consulted]. 

[921] Salazar y Acha (2000), pp. 406-7. 

[922] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XC, p. 221. 

[923] Núñez Contreras (1977), 2, p. 444. 

[924] López Ferreiro (1900), Tomo III, Apéndice, XVIII, p. 56. 

[925] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[926] Barton, S. (2002) The aristocracy in twelfth-century León and Castile (Cambridge University Press), p. 278, citing AHN, Códices 259B (“Tumbo de Monfero”), fol. 5v, and Fletcher, R. A. (1984) St James's catapult: the life and times of Diego Gelmírez of Santiago de Compostela, (Oxford), pp. 34-5 [not yet consulted]. 

[927] Sobrado, Vol. II, 8, p. 23. 

[928] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[929] López Ferreiro (1900), Tomo III, Apéndice, XVIII, p. 56. 

[930] Barton (2002), p. 278, citing Suárez, M. (trans.), Campelo, J. (ed.) (1950) Historia Compostelana, o sea hechos de D. Diego Gelmírez primer arzobispo de Santiago (Santiago de Compostela), p. cvii [not yet consulted]. 

[931] Cal Pardo, E. ‘Episcopologio Mindoniense’, Cuadernos de Estudios Gallegos, Anexo XXVIII (Santiago de Compostela, 2003), p. 73 [available in Google Book, Limited Preview], citing ACM, Arm. 8 Monasterio de Pedroso, no. 1, and Cal Pardo, E. (1984) El monasterio de San Salvador de Pedroso en Tierras de Trasancos (La Coruña), pp. 19-20, 235 [not yet consulted]. 

[932] Cal Pardo ‘Episcopologio Mindoniense’ (2003), p. 73. 

[933] López Ferreiro (1900), Tomo III, Apéndice, XXV, p. 75. 

[934] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[935] Faria i Sousa, F. & Alarcon, F. A. de (eds.) (1641) Nobiliario del Conde de Barcelos Don Pedro (Madrid) ("Pedro Barcelos"), Tit. VII, Pereiras, 30 p. 63. 

[936] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[937] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1876-1903) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny ( Paris), Tome V, 3906, p. 255. 

[938] Sobrado, Vol. I, 139, p. 183. 

[939] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[940] Historia Compostelana, España Sagrada XX, p. 82. 

[941] Cluny Tome V, 3906, p. 255. 

[942] Barton (2002), Appendix 3, I, p. 308. 

[943] Sobrado, Vol. II, 10, p. 26. 

[944] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[945] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249.  

[946] Historia Compostelana, España Sagrada XX, p. 82. 

[947] López Ferreiro (1900), Tomo III, Apéndice, XVIII, p. 56. 

[948] Cluny Tome V, 3906, p. 255. 

[949] Barton (2002), Appendix 3, I, p. 308. 

[950] Cal Pardo ‘Episcopologio Mindoniense’ (2003), p. 73 [available in Google Book, Limited Preview], citing ACM, Arm. 8 Monasterio de Pedroso, no. 1, and Cal Pardo, E. (1984) El monasterio de San Salvador de Pedroso en Tierras de Trasancos (La Coruña), pp. 19-20, 235 [not yet consulted]. 

[951] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[952] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[953] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[954] Sáez 'Episcopologio', chart 5, cited in Torres (1999), p. 312. 

[955] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1876-1903) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny ( Paris), Tome V, 3906, p. 255. 

[956] Sobrado, Vol. I, 139, p. 183. 

[957] Sobrado, Vol. I, 603, p. 523. 

[958] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[959] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[960] Sobrado, Vol. I, 211, 492, pp. 248, 442. 

[961] Sobrado, Vol. I, 490, 618, pp. 439, 528. 

[962] Sobrado, Vol. I, 498, p. 449. 

[963] Sobrado, Vol. I, 498, p. 449. 

[964] Sobrado, Vol. I, 490, p. 439. 

[965] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[966] Sobrado, Vol. I, 210, p. 247. 

[967] Sobrado, Vol. I, 210, p. 247. 

[968] Sobrado, Vol. I, 493, p. 443. 

[969] Sobrado, Vol. I, 490, p. 439. 

[970] Sobrado, Vol. I, 210, p. 247. 

[971] Sobrado, Vol. I, 493, p. 443. 

[972] Sobrado, Vol. I, 211, 492, pp. 248, 442. 

[973] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[974] Sobrado, Vol. II, 10, p. 26. 

[975] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[976] Sobrado, Vol. I, 211, 492, pp. 248, 442. 

[977] Sobrado, Vol. II, 430, p. 396. 

[978] Sobrado, Vol. II, 401, p. 375. 

[979] Sobrado, Vol. I, 498, p. 449. 

[980] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[981] Sobrado, Vol. II, 402, p. 375. 

[982] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[983] Sobrado, Vol. I, 211, 492, pp. 248, 442. 

[984] Sobrado, Vol. II, 403, p. 375. 

[985] Sobrado, Vol. I, 212, p. 249. 

[986] Sobrado, Vol. I, 211, 492, pp. 248, 442. 

[987] Sobrado, Vol. II, 403, p. 375. 

[988] Sobrado, Vol. I, 498, p. 449. 

[989] Colección Diplomática de Galicia Histórica, LXX, p. 290. 

[990] Colección Diplomática de Galicia Histórica, LXX, p. 290. 

[991] Colección Diplomática de Galicia Histórica, LXX, p. 290. 

[992] Colección Diplomática de Galicia Histórica, LXX, p. 290. 

[993] Sahagún, Tomo I, 9. 

[994] Celanova, Tome I, 72, p. 151. 

[995] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 406. 

[996] Sahagún, Tomo I, 328 and 342. 

[997] Sobrado, Vol. I, 109, p. 131. 

[998] Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas, Vol. I, 30, p. 84. 

[999] Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas, Vol. I, 37, p. 93. 

[1000] Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas, Vol. I, 37, p. 93.