JERUSALEM, nobility

  v3.0 Updated 30 May 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                LORDS of ARSUR [ARSUF] 4

A.         LORDS of ARSUR (late 12th century) 4

B.         LORDS of ARSUR (IBELIN) 6

Chapter 2.                LORDS of BANYAS. 11

Chapter 3.                LORDS of BEIRUT. 13

A.         LORDS of BEIRUT (GUINES) 13

B.         LORDS of BEIRUT (BRISEBARRE) 13

C.        LORDS of BEIRUT (IBELIN) 24

Chapter 4.                LORDS of BETHSAN [Bessan] 32

Chapter 5.                LORDS of CAESAREA. 41

A.         LORDS of CAESARIA (GARNIER) 41

B.         LORDS of CAESAREA (BEIRUT) 47

Chapter 6.                LORDS of CAIPHAS (HAIFA) 50

A.         LORDS of CAIPHAS.. 51

B.         LORDS of CAIPHAS (POULAIN) 57

Chapter 7.                LORDS of HEBRON. 59

Chapter 8.                LORDS of JAFFA. 60

A.         LORDS of JAFFA (du PUISET) 60

B.         COUNT of JAFFA (JERUSALEM-ANJOU) 62

C.        COUNT of JAFFA (BRIENNE) 63

D.        COUNT and LORDS of JAFFA (IBELIN) 64

Chapter 9.                LORDS of NABLUS [NAPLOUSE] 70

A.         LORDS of NABLUS.. 70

B.         VICOMTES de NABLUS.. 75

Chapter 10.              LORDS of OULTREJOURDAIN. 81

A.         LORDS of OULTREJOURDAIN.. 81

B.         LORDS of OULTREJOURDAIN (MILLY) 83

Chapter 11.              LORDS of RAMA [RAMES] 86

A.         LORDS of RAMA.. 86

B.         LORDS of RAMA (IBELIN) 88

Chapter 12.              LORDS of ST ABRAHAM.. 103

Chapter 13.              LORDS of SCANDELION. 105

Chapter 14.              LORDS of SIDON. 106

Chapter 15.              LORDS of TIBERIAS. 113

A.         LORD of TIBERIAS, PRINCE of GALILEE (APULIA) 113

B.         LORDS of TIBERIAS (FAUQUEMBERGUES) 114

C.        LORDS of TIBERIAS (BAZOCHES) 115

D.        LORD of TIBERIAS, PRINCE of GALILEE (COURTENAY) 116

E.         LORDS of TIBERIAS, PRINCES of GALILEE (BURES) 117

F.         LORDS of TIBERIAS (FAUQUEMBERGHES) 121

G.        VICOMTES de TIBERIAS.. 126

Chapter 16.              LORDS of TORON. 127

Chapter 17.              LORDS of TYRE (MONTFORT) 131

Chapter 18.              OTHER NOBLE FAMILIES in JERUSALEM.. 136

A.         ALEMAN.. 136

B.         DAMPIERRE.. 140

C.        FLORY.. 145

D.        GOTHMAN.. 146

E.         MANDELEE.. 147

F.         RUFUS.. 150

G.        OTHER NOBILITY.. 151

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The decade which followed the capture of the city of Jerusalem by the First Crusade in 1099, and the establishment of the kingdom of Jerusalem, witnessed the establishment of numerous minor lordships and principalities within the territory conquered by the leaders of the new kingdom.  The newly appointed lords of these fiefs belonged mainly to a second tier of crusader leadership, composed of lower level knights and nobles whose chances of advancement were greater in the newly conquered lands than if they had returned with their leaders to western Europe.  In most cases, little information is available on the family background of these fiefholders prior to their enfeoffment in the kingdom of Jerusalem.  Presumably their origins were considered too obscure to be worth recording by contemporary chroniclers, either because their families were not powerful landholders in their places of origin or because they were members of junior branches of noble families who had no hope of succession to the family properties. 

 

The full list of principalities and lordships of which the kings of Jerusalem were suzerains is as follows:

 

  • Galilee or Tiberias (Apulia, Fauquembergues, Bures, Saint-Omer, Montbéliard)
  • Jaffa and Ascalon (Puiset, royal dynasty, Brienne, Ibelin)
  • Oultrejourdain and Montréal (Du Puy, Milly)
  • Sidon (Granier)
    • Caesarea (Granier)
    • Bethsan
    • 10 other secondary fiefs
  • Beirut (Guines, Brisebarre, Ibelin)
  • Banyas (Brus, Toron)
  • Nablus (Milly, royal dynasty)
  • St Abraham
  • Rama
  • Toron
  • Scandelion
  • Jebail (Embriaco, see the document TRIPOLI)
  • Caiphas (Carpenel)
  • Ibelin (Ibelin)
  • Arsur
  • Blanchegarde (Brisebarre)

 

The main source for the genealogies of these families is the Lignages d'Outremer, the first manuscript of which was written in [1265].  Many of the details of the early generations in the Lignages are inaccurate when compared to information which has survived from other sources, in particular charters. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    LORDS of ARSUR [ARSUF]

 

 

 

A.      LORDS of ARSUR (late 12th century)

 

Arsur is located about 15 kilometres north of the city of Tel Aviv in Israel.  It was captured from the Moslems in 1101 by the crusading army of Baudouin I King of Jerusalem.  No record of a lord of Arsur has been found before the last quarter of the 12th century.  Presumably it was hled directly by the kings of Jerusalem during that period.  Arsur was recaptured by the Moslems in 1187, but fell to Richard I King of England in 1191.  It was finally reconquered by the Mameluk sultan Baibars in 1265. 

 

 

 

 

Brother and three sisters, parents not known. 

1.         JEAN of Arsur (-after 1177).  "…Johannes de Arsur…" subscribed the charter dated 18 Apr 1174 under which Amaury I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers[1].  "…Ioannes de Assur…" subscribed the charter dated 1177 under which "Balduinus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex sextus" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[2].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Lord of Arsur.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Johan le seignor d'Arsur" died without heirs and that Arsur was inherited by his sister[3]m as her first husband, HELVIS de Brie, daughter of ANSEAU de Brie & his wife Helvis d'Hierges.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Heloys, une des nieces dou grant Baudoyn de Ybelin, fille dou grant Ansiau de Brie" as wife of "Johan…seignor d'Arsur"[4].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Johan le seignor d'Arsur…sa feme Heloys", after the death of her first husband, married secondly "Vilain d'Aneui", who hanged himself by his hat while hunting in the forest of Arsur, and thirdly "Jofrei de Kafran" who was killed by a horse[5]

2.         MELISENDE of Arsur .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Melicent, qui avoit esté feme de Their d'Orguenes,…suer de Johan…seignor d'Arsur" as second wife of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth", specifying that she had seven daughters by her first husband who all died[6]m firstly THIERRY d'Orca, son of ---.  m secondly ([1209]) as his second wife, JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut, son of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Nablus, Rama and Mirabel & his wife Maria Komnene (1178-Acre 1236). 

3.         --- of Arsur .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "l'autre suer [de Johan…seignor d'Arsur] fu feme dou chamberlain d'Antioche…" their children being "[le] conestable d'Antioche et la dame dou Genido"[7]m --- Chamberlain of Antioch, son of ---. 

4.         --- of Arsur .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "…l'autre suer [de Johan…seignor d'Arsur] fu feme de Adam d'Antioche…" their son being "[le] mareschau Johan d'Antioche"[8]m ADAM of Antioch, son of ---. 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS of ARSUR (IBELIN)

 

 

JEAN Ibelin, son of JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his second wife Mélisende of Arsur ([1211/12]-Dec 1258).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellian seignor de Baruth, et Baudoyn le Seneschau, et Hue le Fort, et Ysabiau qui fu nonain, et Johan de Ybelin…seignor d'Arsur, et Gui le conestable de Chypre" as the children of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and his wife Melisende[9].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Bethuliani, Radulfum et Hugonem" as the three sons of "Iohannem de Baruth"[10], "Radulfum" presumably being an error for "Iohannem".  He was a hostage at the court of Emperor Friedrich II, with his brother Balian, in 1228/1229 and was promised a fief in Apulia[11].  He fought at the siege of Beirut and the battle of Agridi in 1232 in support of his father.  He was appointed Lord of Arsur.  "Johannes de Ibelino, dominus de Arsur" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Aeliz et filiorum", by charter dated Jun 1241[12].  Henri I King of Cyprus appointed him as bailli and Constable of Jerusalem in 1247, in succession to his brother Balian[13].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records the death of "Johan d'Ibelin sire d'Arsur, baillis du roiaume de Jherusalem" in 1258[14].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death, at the end of 1258 from the context, of "Joan de Iblim signor de Arsulf et baiulo del reame de Hierusalem"[15]

m ([1236]) ALIX of Caiphas, daughter of ROHART Lord of Caiphas & his wife Aiglantine of Nephim (-after Jun 1241).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvis et Aalis et Agnes" as the children of Rohart, son of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas" & his wife, stating that Alix married "Johan de Ybelin, seignour d'Arsur"[16].  Another passage of the Lignages names "Aalis, la fille Rohart seignor de Cayphas" as the wife of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur"[17].  "Johannes de Ibelino, dominus de Arsur" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Aeliz et filiorum", by charter dated Jun 1241[18]

Jean Ibelin & his wife had two children: 

1.         child (-after Jun 1241).  "Johannes de Ibelino, dominus de Arsur" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Aeliz et filiorum", by charter dated Jun 1241[19]

2.         BALIAN Ibelin ([1239]-29 Sep 1277).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Balian" as the son of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur" & his wife[20].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that he left his wife in 1258 and returned to Tripoli[21].  He succeeded his father in 1258 as Lord of Arsur.  William of Tyre (Continuator) records his selling Arsur to the Knights of the Hospital of St John in 1261[22].  The Chronicle attributed to King Hethum II records that "Palian the lord of Arsuf sold Arsuf to the Hospitallers" in [15 Jan 1261/14 Jan 1262], the same source recording that "Fndextar [Bunduqdar or Baibars] sultan of Egypt" took Arsuf from the Hospitallers in 1264[23].  He was named Constable of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1268.  When Hugues III King of Cyprus and Jerusalem returned to Cyprus in Oct 1276, he appointed Balian as bailli of the Kingdom of Jerusalem at Acre[24].  In 1277, he was faced with the arrival at Acre of Roger di San Severino, sent as his newly appointed bailli by Charles I King of Sicily who had assumed the title of King of Jerusalem immediately after buying the rights to the Kingdom from Marie of Antioch.  To avoid bloodshed, he delivered the citadel to Roger who proclaimed Charles as king of Jerusalem[25].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records the death of "Bellian d'Ybelin syres d'Arsuf" in 1277[26]m firstly ([Apr/May] 1254, Papal dispensation before 7 Dec 1254, separated 1255, separation confirmed 27 Mar 1258) as her second husband, PLAISANCE of Antioch, widow of HENRI I King of Cyprus, daughter of daughter of BOHEMOND V Prince of Antioch & his second wife Lucia di Caccamo-Segni ([1236]-[22/27] Sep 1261).  The Chronicle of Amadi records the marriage, in 1254 from the context, of "Balian de Iblin figliolo del signor de Arsul" and "Piasenza regina de Cypro figliola del principe de Antiochia"[27].  The dispensation issued by Pope Innocent IV for the marriage of "Balian Ibelin n Johannis de Arsur" and "Plaisance regina Cipri relicta Henrici regis" is dated to before 7 Dec 1254[28].  She became the mistress of Julien Lord of Sidon and Beaufort, which provoked a Papal Bull urging her to remarry[29].  According to Runciman[30], the mistress of Julien of Sidon was the daughter-in-law of Plaisance, Isabelle Ibelin, but Rüdt-Collenberg attributes the Papal Bull to Pope Urban IV in 1261, well before the time when Isabelle Ibelin could have been involved.  m secondly ([1261]) as her first husband, LUCIE de Chenechy, daughter of JEAN de Chenechy & his wife Stephanie de Brie.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Lucie, la fille Johan Guauvain" as the wife of Balian son of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur"[31].  She married secondly ([1277]) Eudes Poilechien, nephew of Pope Martin IV, and leader of the Angevin troops in Palestine.  Balian Ibelin & his second wife had four children:

a)         EMMELINE Ibelin .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heimeline, Johanne et Nicole" as the three daughters of Balian, son of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur", & his wife, stating that Ermeline was married in Apulia[32]m ---, in Apulia. 

b)         JEANNE Ibelin .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heimeline, Johanne et Nicole" as the three daughters of Balian, son of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur", & his wife, stating that Jeanne married "Bauduin dou Morf, sire de Stambole"[33]m BAUDOUIN du Morf [Morpho] Lord of Stambole, son of GEOFFROY du Morf & his wife --- of Stambole. 

c)         NICOLE Ibelin (-before 1300).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heimeline, Johanne et Nicole" as the three daughters of Balian, son of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur", & his wife, stating that Nicole married "Thibaut de Bessan"[34]m as his first wife, THIBAUT of Bethsan, son of GAUTHIER of Bethsan & his first wife Marguerite Babin . 

d)         JEAN Ibelin (-10 Aug 1309, bur Nicosia Cemetery).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan" as the son of Balian, son of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur", & his wife[35]Lord of Arsur

-        see below

 

 

JEAN Ibelin, son of BALIAN Ibelin Lord of Arsur & his second wife Plaisance of Antioch (-10 Aug 1309, bur Nicosia Cemetery).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan" as the son of Balian, son of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur", & his wife[36]Lord of Arsur.  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 18 Aug, in 1309 from the context, of "messer Joan de Iblim signor de Arsuf" and his burial in "al simiterio de Nicosia, con li poveri"[37]

m (Papal dispensation 22 Nov 1299) ISABELLE Ibelin, daughter of BALIAN Ibelin & his wife Alice of Lampron [Armenia-Hethum].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gui, Marie, Ysabeau et Marguerite" as the four children of Balian son of "Gui l'autre fis Johan de Ybelin…conestable de Chipre" & his wife, stating that Isabelle married "Johan de Ybelin, sire d'Arsur"[38].  This is confirmed by another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer which names "Ysabeau, la fille Balian de Ybelin, seneschal de Chipre" as the wife of Jean Ibelin of Arsur[39]

Jean Ibelin & his wife had five children: 

1.         ALIX Ibelin .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balian de Ybelin, Gui, Aalis, Marguerite et Lucie" as the children of Jean Ibelin of Arsur & his wife[40]

2.         MARGUERITE Ibelin .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balian de Ybelin, Gui, Aalis, Marguerite et Lucie" as the children of Jean Ibelin of Arsur & his wife[41].  The dispensation issued by Pope John XXII for the marriage of "Balian Ibelin filius quondam Philippi senescalli Cipri" and "Marguerite Ibelin filia quondam Johannis de Arsur" is dated 25 May 1323[42]m (Papal dispensation 25 May 1323) BALIAN Ibelin, son of PHILIPPE Ibelin & his second wife Zabel of Lampron [Armenia-Hethum] (before 1306-[1349]). 

3.         LUCIE Ibelin .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balian de Ybelin, Gui, Aalis, Marguerite et Lucie" as the children of Jean Ibelin of Arsur & his wife[43].  The dispensation issued by Pope John XXII for the marriage of "Baudoin Milmars viduus Stephaniæ miles, Nicosiensis" and "Lucia Ibelin filia quondam Johannis domicella" is dated 2 Aug 1332[44].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly (Papal dispensation 2 Aug 1332) as his second wife, BAUDOUIN de Milmars, son of --- (-[1333/Jun 1334]).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 30 Jun 1334) RAYMOND du Four, son of --- (-[1343/48]). 

4.         BALIAN Ibelin (-28 Oct 1333, bur Nicosia, Franciscan Church).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balian de Ybelin, Gui, Aalis, Marguerite et Lucie" as the children of Jean Ibelin of Arsur & his wife[45]Lord of Arsur.  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 28 Oct, in 1333 from the context, of "messer Balian de Iblim signor de Arsuf" and his burial "a San Francesco a Nicosia"[46]m ([1320]) MARGUERITE Ibelin, daughter of HUGUES Ibelin & his [second] wife Alice Le Tor ([1304/07]-after 1343).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bauduin, Marie et Marguerite" as the three children of "Huge, l'autre fis Bauduin de Ybelin, seneschal de Chipre" & his wife[47].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Balian Ibelin & his wife had [seven] children: 

a)         [GUY Ibelin ([1320/21]-before 29 Mar 1367, bur Nicosia, Dominican church).  Rüdt-Collenberg speculates that Guy and Thomas Ibelin may have been sons of Balian's brother Guy[48].  He became a Dominican in 1344.  He was appointed Bishop of Nimosia 27 Apr 1357.  Bishop of Limassol.] 

b)         [THOMAS Ibelin (-after 1361).  Rüdt-Collenberg speculates that Guy and Thomas Ibelin may have been sons of Balian's brother Guy[49].  He was appointed Seneschal of Cyprus in 1360 by Pierre I King of Cyprus.] 

c)         PHILIPPE Ibelin (-beheaded [Apr 1374/Mar 1376]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Pierre I King of Cyprus banished him from the island in 1358, as punishment for his second marriage.  He returned in mid-1367 from Italy, and was one of the leaders of the 1369 revolt and was one of the murderers of King Pierre[50].  He was appointed Seneschal of Cyprus 1369, but was imprisoned in 1373 at Famagusta by the Genoese after they landed in Cyprus, and sent to Genoa.  The Chronicle of Amadi records that the Genoese had the three murderers of King Pierre beheaded, dated to 1373 from the context, "el signor d'Arsur…miser Charion de Gibleth Menichioti et a messer Joan de Gauriola"[51]m firstly (Papal dispensation 14 Jan 1340) ESCHIVA de Dampierre, daughter of EUDES [III] de Dampierre-sur-Salon, Constable of Jerusalem & his wife Isabelle of Cyprus.  The dispensation issued by Pope Benedict XII for the marriage of "Philippe Ibelin consanguineus regis" and "Echive de Dampierre neptis regis, Nicosiensis" is dated 14 Jan 1340[52].  The primary source which confirms her parentage more precisely has not yet been identified, although the dispensation is dated the same day as the one issued for the marriage of her supposed brother which names his father.  m secondly (Papal dispensation 26 Jul 1355) doña ALICIA de Mallorca, daughter of Infante don FERNANDO de Mallorca & his wife Eschiva of Cyprus ([1341]-after Mar 1376).  The dispensation issued by Pope Innocent VI for the marriage of "Philippe Ibelin dominus de Arsur consanguineus regis miles" and "Alice de Majorque filia quondam Ferrandi et neptis regis domicella" is dated 26 Aug 1353[53].  She was obliged to remain in Cyprus in 1358 when her husband was banished[54].  According to Rüdt-Collenberg, she became the mistress of Jean de Moustry, Grand Admiral of Cyprus, in 1370 although the author casts doubt on the story that she was the mistress of Pietro di Campo Fregoso, Genoan admiral, and involved in her husband's death[55].  The Chronicle of Amadi reports that the wife of "el signor d'Arsur" was in love with Admiral Campo Fregoso and failed to save her husband[56]

d)         [MARGUERITE Ibelin (-after 1353).  The dispensation issued by Pope Clement VI for the marriage of "Balian Ibelin filius Joppensis comitis domicellus" and "Marguerite Ibelin domicella" is dated 8 Nov 1352[57].  Rüdt-Collenberg highlights the difficulty of placing this Marguerite, who is described as "domicella" in the 1352 dispensation but "Domina de Arsur" in the 1353 correction.  She may have been the widow of Balian Ibelin, rather than his daughter[58]m (Papal dispensation 8 Nov 1352, corrected 25 Jul 1353) BALIAN Ibelin, son of GUY Ibelin titular Count of Jaffa & his wife ---.] 

e)         [JEAN Ibelin ([1325]-after 1349).  He is the "Ioannes de Axuribus" who was granted the expectation of a canonat by Pope Clement VI in 1349[59].] 

f)          MARIE Ibelin ([1325]-after 1357).  The dispensation issued by Pope Benedict XII for the marriage of "Hugues de Dampierre filius Oddonis connst. nepos regis, Nicosiensis" and "Marie Ibelin, filia quondam Baliani, Nicosiensis" is dated 14 Jan 1340[60].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly (Papal dispensation 14 Jan 1340, corrected 7 Jul 1343) HUGUES de Dampierre, son of EUDES [III] de Dampierre-sur-Salon & his wife Isabelle of Cyprus (-before 1349).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 20 Apr 1349) JEAN Ibelin, son of --- (-after 1357)

g)         SIMONE Ibelin (-after 1360).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  m firstly (Papal dispensation 10 Aug 1355) BAUDOUIN de Nores, son of BAUDOUIN de Nores & his wife ---.  m secondly (Papal dispensation 14 Jun 1360) JEAN Babin, son of GUY Babin & his wife ---. 

5.         GUY Ibelin .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balian de Ybelin, Gui, Aalis, Marguerite et Lucie" as the children of Jean Ibelin of Arsur & his wife[61]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    LORDS of BANYAS

 

 

Banyas (later known as Belinas) was located south of Jebel es-Sheikh at the foot of Mount Lebanon and was granted by Foulques King of Jerusalem as a fief to Renier [II] Brus[62]

 

 

1.         RENIER [I] Brus (-killed in battle near Mount Thabor [1112/13]).  Albert of Aix records that "Reinerus Brusc miles…Hugo juvenis nobilis et miles" were killed in battle by the Turks near Mount Thabor, dated to [1112/13] from the context[63]

 

2.         RENIER [II] Brus (-after 5 Feb 1138).  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem granted privileges to the Venetians by charter dated 2 May 1125, subscribed by "…Honfrodus de Corone, Guido de Miliaco, Radulfus de Fontanellis, Goffredus Tortus, Rainerius de Bruso, Guido Lidensis dominus, Guipertus de Caipha…Guilielmus de Buris, Tyberiadis…Ugo Joppensis dominus, Gualterius Brisebarre, Beritti dominus, Eustachius Granerius…"[64]Lord of Banyas.  William of Tyre records that, during a period of truce, the Muslims from Damascus freed prisoners captured when they took "urbe Paneadense", including "domini…Rainerii Brus uxorem" who had been held captive for two years, dated to 1135 from the context[65].  "…Rainerius Brusco…" subscribed the charter dated 1136, after Sep, under which Foulques King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation of "domum loci Bethgibelin" by "Hugo de S. Abraham" to the Knights Hospitallers[66].  "…Reinerius Brusch…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which Foulques King of Jerusalem confirmed possessions of the church of the Holy Sepulchre[67].  "…Ranerus Bruns…" subscribed the charter dated 1138 under which Foulques King of Jerusalem donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre[68]m firstly ---.  The name of Renier´s wife is not known.  William of Tyre records that, during a period of truce, the Muslims from Damascas freed prisoners captured when they took "urbe Paneadense", including "domini…Rainerii Brus uxorem" who had been held captive for two years, dated to 1135 from the context, adding that her husband placed her in a monastery after learning that she had been raped by her captors[69]m secondly (after 1135) AGNES, daughter of ---.  William of Tyre records that, after his first wife died, "domini…Rainerii Brus" married "Agnetem…domini Wilelmi de Buris neptem", who married secondly after her husband died "Girardus Sydoniensis"[70].  She married secondly (late 1138 or after) Gerard Lord of Sidon.  Renier [II] & his [first] wife had [one child]: 

a)         [--- Brus .  William of Tyre records that "Henfredus de Torono, regius constabularius" held "urbem Paneadem…hereditaria possessio" when recording that he donated part of the town to the Knights Hospitallers, dated to 1156 from the context[71].  One possibility is that Honfroy held Banyas by right of his wife, who could have been the daughter and heiress of Reiner [II] Brus[72].  If this is correct, the chronology suggests that she was Reiner´s daughter by his first wife.  m as his first wife, HONFROY [II] Lord of Toron Constable of Jerusalem, son of HONFROY [I] Lord of Toron & his wife --- (-castle of Hunin 22 Apr 1179).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    LORDS of BEIRUT

 

 

 

A.      LORDS of BEIRUT (GUINES)

 

 

1.         FOULQUES de Guines, son of BAUDOUIN I Comte de Guines & his wife Adela [Christina] of Holland (-[1122/25], bur Beirut).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Robertus…dictus est Manasses…Fulconem… Guidonem…Hugonem…Adelidem quoque Samurensem et Ghislam Gandavensem" as children of "Balduinus [comes Ghisnensi]" & his wife, specifying that Foulques "in terra promissionis comitem apud Baruth" and was buried there[73].  A charter dated 1097 records that "Balduinus comes Gisnensis" founded the monastery of Andres, confirmed after his death by "filius eius Manasses", witnessed by "Hugo archidiaconus frater Manassæ comitis…Fulco frater comitis…"[74].  He was installed as Lord of Beirut after the capture of the city in 1110.  Jean Bishop of Tournai confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Andres by "Balduinum piæ memoriæ comitem Gisnensem uxoremque eius Athelam" by charter dated 1122 which names "filiisque eius Manasse, Fulcone, Hugone, Widone"[75]

 

 

 

B.      LORDS of BEIRUT (BRISEBARRE)

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         GAUTHIER [I] Brisebarre (-[after 2 Jan 1135]).  Lord of Beirut [1122/24].  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem granted privileges to the Venetians by charter dated 2 May 1125, subscribed by "…Honfrodus de Corone, Guido de Miliaco, Radulfus de Fontanellis, Goffredus Tortus, Rainerius de Bruso, Guido Lidensis dom, Guipertus de Caipha…Guilielmus de Buris, Tyberiadis…Ugo Joppensis dominus, Gualterius Brisebarre, Beritti dominus, Eustachius Granerius…"[76].  "…Galterius Berutensis et Guido frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated 17 Jan 1126 under which "Barisanus constabularius Joppensis" donated "casale Algie in territorio Ascalonis" to the Hospitallers, with the consent of "Hugonis domini Joppensis, et Emmæ uxoris"[77].  "…Gualterius Biruti…" subscribed a charter dated 2 Jan 1135 under which "Gualterius de Surdavalle constabularius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, for the soul of "uxoris Sibyllæ"[78]

2.         GUY [I] Brisebarre (-1148 or after).  "…Galterius Berutensis et Guido frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated 17 Jan 1126 under which "Barisanus constabularius Joppensis" donated "casale Algie in territorio Ascalonis" to the Hospitallers, with the consent of "Hugonis domini Joppensis, et Emmæ uxoris"[79]Lord of Beirut.  In 1127, together with Guillaume de Bures, he led the mission of Baudouin II King of Jerusalem offering the hand in marriage of his daughter Mélisende to Foulques V Comte d'Anjou[80].  "…Guido Beriti dominus…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[81].  William of Tyre records "Guido Berythensis" among the magnates in Palestine present at the council held at Acre recorded under 1148[82]

 

 

Two (assumed) brothers.  It is difficult to decide whether the persons shown below as Gauthier [II] and Guy [II] were the same persons as Gauthier [I] and Guy [I], who are shown above, or whether they were the sons of Guy [I].  The fact that Guy [I] is described as "Beriti dominus" in 1138 (see above) suggests that he had succeeded his brother Gauthier [I] in this capacity.  However, there is no record of Gauthier [I] having died before that date and it is possible that he renounced the lordship in order to become a Knight Templar, in which capacity he is recorded (as shown below under Gauthier [II]) in 1156/69.  One difficulty with this hypothesis is the charter dated 1144 which is subscribed by "Galterius Berithensis".  The absence of "dominus" in this signature does not necessarily indicate that the signatory was not "Lord" of Beirut, as numerous examples can be found in contemporary charters where local lords are described by reference to the territory of their lordship without any title.  If it can be taken that the 1144 signatory was lord of Beirut, two explanations are possible: either that the lordship was held jointly, not successively, by the two brothers Gauthier [I] and Guy [I], or that Gauthier [II] and Guy [II] were two different individuals.  No primary source has been found which indicates the parentage of Gauthier [II] and Guy [II].  It is not possible to use estimated birth dates to get a better handle on the chronology of this family as so little is known about the approximate ages of any of the individuals.  Rey, in his article on the Lords of Beirut, proceeds on the assumption that all the documents dated between 1127 and 1156 which name a "Guy de Beirut" refer to the same person[83].  In other words, he assimilates into one individual the two persons named in the present document as Guy [I] and Guy [II].  However, Rey omits reference to any of the sources dated between 1144 and 1169 which refer to "Gauthier de Beirut/Brisebarre", all of which have been grouped together below under Gauthier [II].  In the absence of these references, Rey´s solution would be appealing, but they cannot be ignored in seeking the answer to this conundrum, and tend to indicate that there were two sets of individuals named Gauthier and Guy. 

 

1.         GAUTHIER [II] (-1169 or after).  [Lord of Beirut].  "…Galterius Berithensis…" subscribed the charter dated 1144 under which "Balduinus…sancte Ierusalem rex Latinorum quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing fourth among the subscribers[84].  Knight Templar 1156/1163.  "…Galterius Brusebarre…" subscribed the charter dated 6 Aug 1163 under which "Anterius episcopus Valeniæ…et Bertrannus de Blanceff militiæ Templi magister" confirmed donations to the Knights Templars[85].  Preceptor of the Knights Templars: "Galterus de Berito præceptor…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Mar 1169 under which "episcopus Valeniensis et fratres de Templo Tortosæ congregati" confirmed the settlement of disputes with "Galterii canonici"[86]

2.         GUY [II] (-[7 Jun 1156/16 Aug 1164])Lord of Beirut.  William of Tyre records "Guido Berythensis" among the magnates in Palestine present at the siege of Ascalon in 1153[87].  "…Guido Berythensis…" subscribed the charter dated 13 Jul 1155 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted property previously granted to "Eustachius Ganerius…Galterius predicti Eustachii filius" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, listed second among the subscribers[88].  "…Guido Berytensis…" subscribed the charter dated 7 Jun 1156 under which Baudouin III King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the knights of St John of Jerusalem[89].  [The Lignages d'Outremer names "Pierre…seignor de Baruth" as father of "Gautier, Gui, Bernart et Hue et…Marie et Biatriz"[90].  It is assumed that this is an error for Guy [II] and that no "Pierre Lord of Beirut" ever existed as a historical person.  No charters have been identified which name him.]  m [MARIE, daughter of --- (-[after 16 Aug 1164])].  The name of Guy's wife is not known.  However, "Maria domina Beriti" donated property to the convent of St Lazarus at Jerusalem by charter dated 16 Aug 1164[91], and it is possible that this refers to the widow of Guy [II].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the mother of "Gautier seignor de Baruth" was taken as a hostage for payment of the ransom for the release of her sons, and died one month after her release[92].  Rey, in his article on the Lords of Beirut, suggests that Marie was the wife of the person referred to in the present document as Gauthier [III] but such a reconstruction seems less straightforward than assuming that she was the wife of Guy [II][93].  Guy [II] & his wife had [seven] children: 

a)         GAUTHIER [III] Brisebarre (-1179 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier seignor de Baruth, et Gui seignor de Cesaire de par sa feme, et Bernart, et Hue" as the four brothers of "Marie", third wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[94].  Although other sources indicate that Marie was not the daughter of Guy [II] Lord of Beirut, there is no reason to suppose that these four brothers were not his sons.  However, another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer names "Pierre…seignor de Baruth" as father of "Gautier, Gui, Bernart et Hue et…Marie et Biatriz"[95]Lord of Beirut.  Lord of Montréal 1168.  Lord of Blanchgarde near Jaffa 1174. 

-        see below

b)         GUY of Beirut (-after 1182).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier seignor de Baruth, et Gui seignor de Cesaire de par sa feme, et Bernart, et Hue" as the four brothers of "Marie", third wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[96].  Although other sources indicate that Marie was not the daughter of Guy [II] Lord of Beirut, there is no reason to suppose that these four brothers were not his sons.  However, another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer names "Pierre…seignor de Baruth" as father of "Gautier, Gui, Bernart et Hue et…Marie et Biatriz"[97].  Baudouin III King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation of "medietatem castelli Paneadensis" by "Humfredus de Torono constabularius regis voluntate filii Humfredi et filiarum" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Gualterii Berytensis de cujus feodo est et fratrum Guidonis atque Bernardi", by charter dated 4 Oct 1157[98].  "Galterius dominus Montis Regalis" donated property to St Lazarus, Jerusalem, with the consent of "Guidonis fratris…" for the soul of "Helenæ uxoris", by charter dated 18 Nov 1168[99].  "…Gauterius de Berito, Guido frater eius…" subscribed a charter dated 22 Oct 1179 under which Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of "Petronilla vicecomitissa Acconensi, assensu filiorum Bauduini et Clarenbaudi et Hodiernæ"[100].  "Galterius dominus Cæsareæ Palestinæ, Hugonis eiusdem domini bonæ memoriæ filius" sold property "in territorio Cæsariensi" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Julianæ sororis suæ eiusque mariti Guidonis de Beritho", by charter dated 1182[101]m (before 1182) as her first husband, JULIENNE Garnier of Caesarea, daughter of HUGUES Garnier Lord of Caesarea & his wife Isabelle Gothman (-[Oct 1213/Feb 1216]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier et Juliene" as the son and daughter of "Hue de Cesaire" & his wife, specifying that Julienne married "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth"[102].  "Galterius dominus Cæsareæ Palestinæ, Hugonis eiusdem domini bonæ memoriæ filius" sold property "in territorio Cæsariensi" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Julianæ sororis suæ eiusque mariti Guidonis de Beritho", by charter dated 1182[103].  In a later passage, the Lignages d'Outremer states that Julienne married secondly "Aymar de Lairon" by whom she had one son "Rogier"[104].  She married secondly (before 1192) Aymar de Lairon, Marshal of Cyprus 1206 (-killed in battle Damietta 1219).  "Juliana domina Cæsareæ, Hugonis quondam domini Cæsareæ filia" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "mariti Ademari", by charter dated 24 Oct 1197[105].  "Ademarius dominus Cæsareæ" granted property, with the consent of "uxoris Julianæ, eiusque filii Gualterii Cæsareæ…", by charter dated Feb 1201[106].  "Juliana domina Cæsareæ" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "mariti Aymari de Lairon et filii Galterii", by charter dated Feb 1206[107].  "Aymar dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Julianæ", by charter dated 18 Nov 1212[108].  "Ademarus dominus Cæsareæ cum uxore Juliana" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 18 Oct 1213[109].  Guy & his wife had four children: 

i)          GAUTHIER (-killed in battle Nicosia 24 Jun 1229).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier…et Bernart" as the two sons of "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth" & his wife, specifying that Gauthier was "seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre"[110].  Constable of Cyprus 1206.  Lord of Caesarea 1216.   

-         LORDS of CAESAREA

ii)         BERNARD of Beirut .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier…et Bernart" as the two sons of "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth" & his wife, specifying that Bernard had no heir[111]

iii)        ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth" & his wife had two daughters, specifying that the older one married "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas"[112]m RENAUD le Chambellan, son of ---. 

iv)       BERTHE .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth" & his wife had two daughters, specifying that the younger one married "Renaut de Saisson" and had "Gui et Johan et Juliene et Haymeline et Ysabiau" of whom "Gui fu pere de cestui Johan de Saisson, et l'autre fiz Johan morut sanz heirs, et Juliene fu feme de Gremont de Bessan, et n'ot point d'eirs, et Ameline fu feme de Gauvain, mere de Johan Gauvain, et Ysabel fu feme de Jaque de Rivet"[113].  Another manuscript of the Lignages gives further details of their descendants[114]m RENAUD de Soissons, son of ---.  Marshal of Cyprus [1210]. 

c)         BERNARD .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier seignor de Baruth, et Gui seignor de Cesaire de par sa feme, et Bernart, et Hue" as the four brothers of "Marie", third wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[115].  Although other sources indicate that Marie was not the daughter of Guy [II] Lord of Beirut, there is no reason to suppose that these four brothers were not his sons.  However, another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer names "Pierre…seignor de Baruth" as father of "Gautier, Gui, Bernart et Hue et…Marie et Biatriz", specifying that Bernard died without heirs[116].  Baudouin III King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation of "medietatem castelli Paneadensis" by "Humfredus de Torono constabularius regis voluntate filii Humfredi et filiarum" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Gualterii Berytensis de cujus feodo est et fratrum Guidonis atque Bernardi", by charter dated 4 Oct 1157[117].  Seigneur de Blanchegarde 1186. 

d)         HUGUES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier seignor de Baruth, et Gui seignor de Cesaire de par sa feme, et Bernart, et Hue" as the four brothers of "Marie", third wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[118].  Although other sources indicate that Marie was not the daughter of Guy [II] Lord of Beirut, there is no reason to suppose that these four brothers were not his sons.  However, another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer names "Pierre…seignor de Baruth" as father of "Gautier, Gui, Bernart et Hue et…Marie et Biatriz", specifying that Hugues died without heirs[119]

e)         [MARIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Pierre…seignor de Baruth" as father of "Gautier, Gui, Bernart et Hue et…Marie et Biatriz"[120].  Another manuscript of the Lignages records the first marriage of "Marie, la fille Pierre de Baruth" to "Guilliaume de Thabarie" and, after his death, her second marriage to "Girart de Han le conestable de Triple", naming her children by her second marriage[121], although this contradicts a charter which records that Marie, wife successively of these husbands, was the daughter of Renier Constable of Tripoli.  It is not known whether Guy [II] de Beirut had a daughter named Marie who was not married to these husbands.] 

f)          BEATRIX [Agnes] .  The Lignages d'Outremer refer to the "feme de Johan Le Tor, seignor dou Manoet" as sister of Marie, third wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[122].  As noted above, the same source suggests that Marie was the daughter of Guy [II] Lord of Beirut.  This is contradicted by other sources, including her own charter in which Marie declares herself daughter of the Constable of Tripoli.  The issue is clarified by another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer which names "Pierre…seignor de Baruth" as father of "Gautier, Gui, Bernart et Hue et…Marie et Biatriz", a later passage stating that "Agnes suer de Gautier" married "Johan Le Tor"[123].  A further passage in the Lignages records their descendants[124]m JEAN le Tor Lord of Manuet. 

g)         [MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite" as wife of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan"[125].  This follows the sentence which records that "Agnes suer de Gautier" married "Johan Le Tor", implying that Marguerite was another of Gauthier's sisters.  However, an earlier passage only lists "Marie et Biatriz" as his sisters[126]m GREMONT [I] of Tiberias Lord of Bethsan, son of ADAM & his wife --- (-1174 or after).] 

 

 

GAUTHIER [III] Brisebarre, son of GUY [II] Brisebarre & his wife [Marie ---] (-after 22 Oct 1179).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier seignor de Baruth, et Gui seignor de Cesaire de par sa feme, et Bernart, et Hue" as the four brothers of "Marie", third wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[127].  Although other sources indicate that Marie was not the daughter of Guy [II] Lord of Beirut, there is no reason to suppose that these four brothers were not his sons.  However, another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer names "Pierre…seignor de Baruth" as father of "Gautier, Gui, Bernart et Hue et…Marie et Biatriz"[128]Lord of Beirut.  Baudouin III King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation of "medietatem castelli Paneadensis" by "Humfredus de Torono constabularius regis voluntate filii Humfredi et filiarum" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Gualterii Berytensis de cujus feodo est et fratrum Guidonis atque Bernardi", by charter dated 4 Oct 1157[129].  "…Galterius Berithensis…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jul 1160 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[130].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Gautier seignor de Baruth" sold Beirut, receiving "la Blanche Garde" in exchange[131]Lord of Montréal.  "Galterius dominus Montis Regalis" donated property to St Lazarus, Jerusalem, with the consent of "Guidonis fratris et Beatricis filiæ suæ" for the soul of "Helenæ uxoris", by charter dated 18 Nov 1168[132]Lord of Blanchegarde [near Jaffa].  "Galteri de Berito, domini Albæ Custodiæ" consented to a donation by Amaury I King of Jerusalem to the church of St Lazarus by charter dated 24 Feb 1174[133].  "…Gauterius de Berito, Guido frater eius…" subscribed a charter dated 22 Oct 1179 under which Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of "Petronilla vicecomitissa Acconensi, assensu filiorum Bauduini et Clarenbaudi et Hodiernæ"[134]

m firstly HELENE, daughter of --- (-before 18 Nov 1168).  "Galterius dominus Montis Regalis" donated property to St Lazarus, Jerusalem, with the consent of "Guidonis fratris et Beatricis filiæ suæ" for the soul of "Helenæ uxoris", by charter dated 18 Nov 1168[135].  Her origin is not known.  Rey suggests that she was Helene de Milly, daughter of Philippe de Milly Lord of Nablus, Montréal and Krak-les-Chevaliers & his wife Isabelle du Puy, to explain the transmission of the title "Lord of Montréal" to Gauthier [III][136], her early death also explaining why the title was held by Gauthier [III]'s supposed brother-in-law Milon de Plancy in 1173. 

m secondly ([after Nov 1168]) AGNES, daughter of --- & his wife Helvis of Tiberias.  The Lignages d'Outremer names "niece de Eschive la dame de Thabarie" as wife of "Gautier…de Baruth"[137].  Another manuscript of the Lignages records that Agnes was the daughter of "Helvis" daughter of "Hue de Saint Omer" and her husband "un franc hom d'outremer", stating that she married "Gautier de Baruth"[138].  According to Nielen, she was the daughter of "Helvis de Tibériade et d'un 'franc home d'Outremer' Miles de Plancy"[139]

Gauthier [III] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         BEATRIX (-after 18 Nov 1168).  "Galterius dominus Montis Regalis" donated property to St Lazarus, Jerusalem, with the consent of "Guidonis fratris et Beatricis filiæ suæ" for the soul of "Helenæ uxoris", by charter dated 18 Nov 1168[140]

Gauthier [III] & his second wife had five children: 

2.         BERMONDE ([after Nov 1168]-after 1 Feb 1186).  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Gautier…de Baruth" and his wife Agnes had four daughters, the eldest of whom "Reimonde" married "Bertran seignor dou Marguat" and had children "Renaut et Biatris et Agnes", of whom "Biatris morut sanz heir, et Agnes fu feme de Haymeri Barlais, et orent V fiz et une fille qui fu feme de Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chypre, mere de ces enfanz"[141].  Giving that Bermonde´s father donated property for his deceased first wife in Nov 1168, it is likely that she had died relatively recently to the donation.  This suggests that Gauthier [III]´s second marriage may have taken place after this date, and logically that Bermonde must have been born after this date too.  ["Renaudus III Mausoerius" donated property to the Knights Templars, with the consent of "Boamundi III principis, Bertrandi filii et (Bermondæ) uxoris", by charter dated 1178[142].  The reference to "(Bermondæ) uxoris" in this document is puzzling.  The original of this charter has not been seen, and it is not known whether the name is found in that document (presumably in some shortened or otherwise scarcely illegible form to justify it being placed in brackets in the transcription).  Given the likely birth date of Bermonde, wife of Bertrand Lord of Marqab, it is unlikely that she would have been married in 1178.  This suggests that there may be some problem with this charter as reproduced in shortened form by Röhricht.]  "Rainaldus dominus de Margato" donated property to the Knights Templars at Tortosa, with the consent of "Bertrandi filii et Bermundæ uxoris Alano", by charter dated Jun 1183[143].  "Reynaldus domino Margati" donated property to the Knights Templars, with the consent of "Bertrandi filii et Bermundæ uxoris", by charter dated 30 Oct 1185[144].  "Bertrandus dominus Margati, Rainaldi eiusdem domini bonæ memoriæ filius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "…uxoris suæ Bermundæ…", by charter dated 1 Feb 1186[145]m (before Jun 1183) BERTRAND of Marqab, son of RENAUD [II] Lord of Marqab & his wife Agnes of Tripoli (-after 23 Jul 1217).  He succeeded his father as Lord of Marqab. 

3.         GILLES of Beirut .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Gille" as son of "Gautier…de Baruth" and his wife Agnes[146].  1198/1220.  m AGNES de Lairon, niece of AYMAR de Leiron, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Agnes" as niece of "Rogier [mistake for Aymar] de Leiron" and wife of "Gille de Baruth" and mother of "cestui Raou"[147].  Another manuscript of the Lignages d'Outremer names her "Agnes de Leiron qui estoit d'outremer"[148].  Gilles & his wife had one child: 

a)         RAOUL (-1265 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "cestui Raou" as son of "Gille de Baruth " & his wife[149]Lord of Blanchegarde 1253.  m ISABELLE of Caiphas, daughter of --- Lord of Caiphas & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau, la fille au seignor de Cayphas" as the wife of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde"[150].  Raoul & his wife had eight children: 

i)          GAUTHIER .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife[151]m AGNES Alaman, daughter of GILLES Alaman & his wife Alix ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Agnes, la fille de Gile l'Aleman" as the wife of Gauthier son of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde"[152].  Gauthier & his wife had one child: 

(a)       daughter .  The Lignages d'Outremer specify that Gauthier, son of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde", & his wife had one daughter[153]

ii)         THOMAS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife[154]m AGNES de Flory, daughter of JEAN de Flory, Marshal of Tiberias & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Agnes, la fille Johan de Flouri mareschal de Thabarie" as the wife of Thomas son of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde"[155].  Thomas & his wife had two children: 

(a)       RAOUL .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Raoul et Ysabeau" as the children of Thomas, son of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde", & his wife[156]

(b)       ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Raoul et Ysabeau" as the children of Thomas, son of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde", & his wife[157]

iii)        JEAN .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife[158]

iv)       NICOLAS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife[159]

v)        STEPHANIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife[160]

vi)       AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife, stating that Agnes married "Thomas le seignor de Cesaire"[161].  Another passage of the Lignages names "Agnes, la fille de Raoul de Baruth, que l'on appelloit de la Blanche Garde" as wife of "Thomas l'Aleman", stating that they died without heirs[162]m THOMAS Alaman, son of JEAN Alaman & his wife Marguerite of Caesarea. 

vii)      MARIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife[163].  Another passage of the Lignages specifies that Marie married "Balian de Laneele"[164]m BALIAN de Laneele, son of ---. 

viii)     ALIX .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife[165].  Another passage of the Lignages specifies that Marie married "Berthelot de Garnier, un Pisan"[166]m BERTHELOT de Garnier, son of ---. 

4.         MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Gautier…de Baruth" and his wife Agnes had four daughters, the second of whom married "Guillaume Porcelet" and had children "Renaut et Bertran et Hue et Marie"[167]m GUILLAUME Porcelet, son of ---. 

5.         ESCHIVA .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Gautier…de Baruth" and his wife Agnes had four daughters, the third of whom "Eschive" married "Jocelin de Gibelet", and was mother of "Renier seignor d'Avegorre"[168].  Another manuscript of the Lignages lists more of their descendants[169]m JOSCELIN de Giblet Lord of Avegore, son of ---. 

6.         ORABLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Gautier…de Baruth" and his wife Agnes had four daughters, the youngest of whom "Orable" married "Estace de Neuvilles, ayeulle de cestui seignor de Quevides, mere de sa mere"[170]m EUSTACHE de Neuville, son of ---.   

 

 

 

C.      LORDS of BEIRUT (IBELIN)

 

 

JEAN Ibelin, son of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Nablus, Rama and Mirabel & his wife Maria Komnene (1178-Acre 1236).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife, specifying that Jean was Lord of Beirut[171].  William of Tyre (Continuator) names him and specifies that he was uterine brother of Queen Isabelle[172].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Iohannem de Baruth" as the son of "Bethuliani de Guibelin" & his wife[173].  Henri de Champagne King of Jerusalem appointed him Constable of Jerusalem in 1194, considering that Amaury de Lusignan had forfeited the post after his arrest after supporting the Pisan revolt in Tyre[174].  Jean Ibelin resigned his office of Constable and was installed as Lord of Beirut in 1205, the town having been recaptured from the Muslims in Oct 1197 by Henri I Duke of Brabant[175].  He was appointed Regent for Marie Queen of Jerusalem on her accession in 1206[176].  "Philippus de Ibelin" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ domina Hierosolymitanæ et Johannes de Ibelin procuratoris dicti regni, necnon Alicis comitissæ uxoris suæ", by charter dated 15 May 1210[177].   William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Johan d'Ybelin et Felipe d'Ybelin" were uncles of Alix of Jerusalem whom they accompanied to Cyprus for her marriage before returning to Acre[178].  He and his brother Philippe left the kingdom of Jerusalem (maybe after rebelling against Jean de Brienne) and settled in Cyprus[179], some time before Sep 1217 when they both took precedence over all other liegemen in a document of the High Court of Cyprus[180].  "Johannes de Ybellino dominus Berithi…" subscribed the charter dated Oct 1217 under which "Hugo…rex Cipri" confirmed the grant to the church of Nicosia by "Philippus de Ybellino" for the soul of "domine Marie regine, matris sue"[181].  He succeeded his younger brother Philippe in 1227 as lieutenant for the regent of Cyprus[182].  After Emperor Friedrich II landed in Cyprus in Jul 1228, Jean refused the emperor's demand to surrender his fief of Beirut but agreed to accompany him to Palestine[183].  On his return visit to Cyprus in May 1229, Emperor Friedrich appointed five new baillis of Cyprus, Amaury Barlais, Gavinde Chenichy, Amaury of Beisan, Hugues of Jebail and Guillaume de Rivet, with instructions to evict all Ibelin supporters from Cyprus[184].  Jean of Ibelin retaliated by invading Cyprus in Jun 1229, defeated the five baillis 14 Jul and assumed the government of Cyprus until King Henri came of age in 1232.  Amaury Barlais fled with King Henri and his sisters to the castle of Dieu d'Amour, which they surrendered in summer 1230 due to starvation[185].  He died following a riding accident, on his deathbed being admitted to the Order of the Temple[186]

m firstly ([1201/02]) HELVIS of Nephim, daughter of RAYMOND [II] Lord of Nephim & his wife --- (-[1208]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "fille dou seignor de Nefin…Heloys" as first wife of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth", naming also her sister "Aiglentine" as wife of "Rohart seignor de Kayphas, ayeulle de cestui seignor de Kayphas qui or est, et dou seignor d'Arsur, et pere de Agnes qui fu feme de Boverel en Gene"[187].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Johan d'Ybelin…bail du roiaume de Jerusalem" was married to "la suer de Renoart de Nefin", although he supported Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch in his war with Renouard[188]

m secondly ([1209]) as her second husband, MELISENDE of Arsur, widow of THIERRY d'Orca, daughter of G[UY] of Arsur & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Melicent, qui avoit esté feme de Their d'Orguenes,…suer de Johan…seignor d'Arsur" as second wife of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth", specifying that she had seven daughters by her first husband who all died[189]

Jean Ibelin & his first wife had five children:

1.         five sons (-before [1208]).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and his wife Helvis of Nephim had five sons who all died[190]

Jean Ibelin & his second wife had seven children:

2.         BALIAN Ibelin ([1209/10]-Askalon 4 Sep 1247).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellian seignor de Baruth, et Baudoyn le Seneschau, et Hue le Fort, et Ysabiau qui fu nonain, et Johan de Ybelin…seignor d'Arsur, et Gui le conestable de Chypre" as the children of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and his wife Melisende[191].  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare names "messier Balian…conestable de Chipre et seignor de Baruth…[et] messier Bauduyn…ceneschal de Chipre" as the two sons of "monseignor de Baruth"[192].  Named by William of Tyre (Continuator) as the older of Jean Ibelin's sons when recording his time as a hostage at the court of Emperor Friedrich II, with his brother Jean, in 1228/1229[193].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Bethuliani, Radulfum et Hugonem" as the three sons of "Iohannem de Baruth "[194].  He was in Cyprus from 1229 to 1239, and fought at the battles of Nicosia in 1229 and Agridi in 1232 in support of his father.  He succeeded his father in 1236 as Lord of Beirut, returned to Beirut in 1240 and submitted to Emperor Friedrich in 1241[195].  Henri I King of Cyprus, in his capacity of Regent of Jerusalem, appointed Balian as bailly of Jerusalem in 1246[196].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 4 Sep [in 1247] of "Balian de Iblim, signor de Barutho"[197]m ([1229/30], declared void 1231, dispensation before 20 Apr 1239) as her second husband, ESCHIVA de Montfaucon, widow of GERARD de Montaigu, daughter of GAUTHIER de Montbéliard bailly of Jerusalem, Regent of Cyprus & his wife Bourgogne of Cyprus ([1206/12]-after Apr 1239).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive" as the daughter of "Gautier de Monbeliart" and his wife "Borgoigne", stating that she was the wife of "mesire Belleem, le seignor de Baruth"[198].  William of Tyre (Continuator) names her, her father and (first) husband "Geraut de Mont Agu" when recording the death of the last-named[199].  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare names "dame Eschive de Monbeliart" as wife of "sire Balyan d'Ybelin, fis de monseignor de Baruth"[200].  The archbishop of Nicosia objected to her second marriage on grounds of consanguinity and excommunicated the couple.  He was, however, expelled from Cyprus and sought refuge at Acre, before the necessary dispensation was eventually granted[201].  Pope Gregory IX instructed the archbishop of Nicosia to excommunicate "nobilis vir B[alianus] filius domini Beritensis cum nobili muliere E[chiva] filia quondam nobilis viri G[ualterii] de Montebeliardo, nobilis viri G[erardi] de Monteacuto relicta" on grounds of their 3o and 4o consanguinity, by document dated 5 Mar 1231[202].  A charter dated 20 Apr 1239 refers to papal dispensations, for 3o consanguinity, for the marriages between "Sipham, gnatam quondam connestablii regni Cyprii" and "Balianno de Ybellino", and "(Aalidem) sororem Johannis de Cæsaria" and "Jacobo de Amendolio"[203].  Balian Ibelin & his wife had four children: 

a)         JEAN Ibelin ([1230/31]-Feb 1264, bur Nicosia Cathedral).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Jehan, Hue, Balian et Ysabeau qui espousa Henri le seignor de Giblet" as the children of "Balian…sire de Baruth" & his wife, stating that Jean was "sire de Baruth" after the death of his father[204].  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare names "messier Bauduyn…et son nevou messier Johan quy estoit juene"[205].  He succeeded his father in 1247 as Lord of Beirut

-        see below

b)         HUGUES Ibelin ([1231/32]-[1254/55]).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Jehan, Hue, Balian et Ysabeau qui espousa Henri le seignor de Giblet" as the children of "Balian…sire de Baruth" & his wife, stating that Hugues died without heirs[206]m ([1250/53]) as her first husband, his first cousin, MARIE de Montbéliard, daughter of EUDES de Montbéliard, Constable of Jerusalem & his wife Eschiva de Saint-Omer [Tiberias].  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Marie, la fille Eschive, dame de Thabarie" as the wife of Hugues son of "Balian…sire de Baruth"[207].  Another section of the Lignages name "Marie, Johanne et Symone" as the three children of "Heude de Monbeliart" & his wife, stating that Marie married "Hue de Ybelin et morut tantost"[208].  She married secondly Jacques Ibelin Lord of Jaffa

c)         BALIAN Ibelin (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Jehan, Hue, Balian et Ysabeau qui espousa Henri le seignor de Giblet" as the children of "Balian…sire de Baruth" & his wife, stating that Balian "morut enfant"[209]

d)         ISABELLE Ibelin ([1230/35]-).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Jehan, Hue, Balian et Ysabeau qui espousa Henri le seignor de Giblet" as the children of "Balian…sire de Baruth" & his wife[210]m ([1250]) HENRI Embriaco Lord of Jebail, son of GUY Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Alix of Antioch (-2 Jun 1271). 

3.         JEAN Ibelin ([1211/12]-Dec 1258).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellian seignor de Baruth, et Baudoyn le Seneschau, et Hue le Fort, et Ysabiau qui fu nonain, et Johan de Ybelin…seignor d'Arsur, et Gui le conestable de Chypre" as the children of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and his wife Melisende[211].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Bethuliani, Radulfum et Hugonem" as the three sons of "Iohannem de Baruth "[212], "Radulfum" presumably being an error for "Iohannem".  He was a hostage at the court of Emperor Friedrich II, with his brother Balian, in 1228/1229 and was promised a fief in Apulia[213].  He fought at the siege of Beirut and the battle of Agridi in 1232 in support of his father.  He was appointed Lord of Arsur before 1241.  Henri I King of Cyprus appointed him as bailli and Constable of Jerusalem in 1247, in succession to his brother Balian[214].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records the death of "Johan d'Ibelin sire d'Arsur, baillis du roiaume de Jherusalem" in 1258[215].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death, at the end of 1258 from the context, of "Joan de Iblim signor de Arsulf et baiulo del reame de Hierusalem"[216]

-        LORDS of ARSUR

4.         RAOUL Ibelin .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Bethuliani, Radulfum et Hugonem" as the three sons of "Iohannem de Baruth "[217]

5.         HUGUES Ibelin ([1212/14]-[in Cyprus] before Apr 1239).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellian seignor de Baruth, et Baudoyn le Seneschau, et Hue le Fort, et Ysabiau qui fu nonain, et Johan de Ybelin…seignor d'Arsur, et Gui le conestable de Chypre" as the children of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and his wife Melisende[218].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Bethuliani, Radulfum et Hugonem" as the three sons of "Iohannem de Baruth "[219].  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare names "messier Bauduyn et messier Hue et messier Guy" as the three sons of "monseignor de Baruth"[220].  He is named by William of Tyre (Continuator) as the third of Jean Ibelin's sons when recording his time as a hostage at the court of Emperor Friedrich II, with his brother Balian, in 1228/1229[221].  He was in Cyprus by 1232 when he fought at the battle of Agridi[222].  His death is dated to before Apr 1239 when Henri I King of Cyprus made a donation to the cathedral of Nicosia for a mass in his name[223].

6.         BAUDOUIN Ibelin (-21 Feb 1267).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellian seignor de Baruth, et Baudoyn le Seneschau, et Hue le Fort, et Ysabiau qui fu nonain, et Johan de Ybelin…seignor d'Arsur, et Gui le conestable de Chypre" as the children of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and his wife Melisende[224].  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare names "messier Balian…conestable de Chipre et seignor de Baruth…[et] messier Bauduyn…ceneschal de Chipre" as the two sons of "monseignor de Baruth"[225].  He was appointed Seneschal of Cyprus in [1246]. 

-        NOBILITY in CYPRUS - IBELIN

7.         GUY Ibelin ([1215/18]-after May 1255).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellian seignor de Baruth, et Baudoyn le Seneschau, et Hue le Fort, et Ysabiau qui fu nonain, et Johan de Ybelin…seignor d'Arsur, et Gui le conestable de Chypre" as the children of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and his wife Melisende[226].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balian de Ybelin, Gui, Aalis, Marguerite et Lucie" as the children of Jean Ibelin of Arsur & his wife[227].  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare names "messier Bauduyn et messier Hue et messier Guy" as the three sons of "monseignor de Baruth"[228].  Marshal of Cyprus [1248].  Constable of Cyprus [1250]. 

-        NOBILITYin CYPRUS - IBELIN.   

8.         ISABELLE Ibelin .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellian seignor de Baruth, et Baudoyn le Seneschau, et Hue le Fort, et Ysabiau qui fu nonain, et Johan de Ybelin…seignor d'Arsur, et Gui le conestable de Chypre" as the children of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and his wife Melisende[229].  Nun. 

 

 

JEAN Ibelin, son of BALIAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his wife Eschiva de Montfaucon [Montbéliard] ([1230/31]-Feb 1264, bur Nicosia Cathedral).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Jehan, Hue, Balian et Ysabeau qui espousa Henri le seignor de Giblet" as the children of "Balian…sire de Baruth" & his wife, stating that Jean was "sire de Baruth" after the death of his father[230].  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare names "messier Bauduyn…et son nevou messier Johan quy estoit juene"[231].  He succeeded his father in 1247 as Lord of Beirut.  He spent time as a prisoner of the Turks and had to sell a large part of his lands to the Knights Templars and the Teutonic Knights in order to pay the ransom demanded[232].  The Chronicle attributed to King Hethum II records that "the Turkmens captured the lord of Beirut and ransomed him for 20,000 red" in [15 Jan 1260/14 Jan 1261][233].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death, at the end of 1263 (presumably old-style) from the context, of "messer Joan de Ibelin signor de Barutho"[234].  "Hug…roy de Jherusalem latin et roi de Cipre" institued masses for the souls of "madame Yzabel nostre mere et de Johan d'Ibelin le jeusne jadis Seigneur de Baruth" by charter dated Oct 1270[235].  His place of burial is confirmed by the Chronicle of Amadi which records the death of "Almerico de Montforte, figliolo de messer Hanfredo et de madona Civa de Iblim dama de Baruth" and his burial "in la madre chiesa de Nicosia…con suo avo signor de Barutho"[236]

m ([1249/50]) ALICE of Athens, daughter of GUY I Duke of Athens & his wife [--- de Briel/Bruyères] (-after 1277).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Aalis, la fille dou duc d'Athenes" as the wife of Jean son of "Balian…sire de Baruth"[237].  She was regent of Beirut for her daughter Isabelle 1274-1277 during the latter's absence in Cyprus[238]

Jean Ibelin & his wife had two children: 

1.         ISABELLE Ibelin ([1252]-[1282/before Nov 1283]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Yzabeau la fille dou seignor de Baruth" as the wife of an unnamed person who died at the age of 14[239].  The paragraph in question deals with the family of the kings of Cyprus, and it is most likely that words have been omitted from the text which would clarify that the husband in question was Hugues II King of Cyprus.  This is confirmed by another manuscript of the Lignages which names "Ysabeau et Eschive" as the two daughters of Jean son of "Balian…sire de Baruth" and his wife, stating that Isabelle married firstly "Huge, le fis de Henri roy de Chipre, qui morut de 14 ans", secondly "un Englés…Heimon Lestrange" and thirdly "Guille Barlais" and died without heirs[240].  She succeeded her father in 1264 as Lady of Beirut.  The dispensation issued by Pope Clement IV for the marriage of "Hugues rex Cypri" and "Isabella una ex filiabus quondam Johannis domini Berit" is dated 12 May 1265[241].  She returned from Cyprus to Beirut after the death of her first husband.  After the death of her second husband, Hugues III King of Cyprus and Jerusalem took her to Cyprus to marry her third husband, but was obliged to return her to Beirut in 1277 in view of the deathbed agreement made by her second husband[242].  Her third marriage is confirmed by the Lignages d'Outremer which name "Ysabeau, la dame de Baruth" as the wife of Nicolas, son of "Johan l'Aleman"[243].  On her death, her sister succeeded as Lady of Beirut.  m firstly (Papal dispensation 12 May 1265) HUGUES II King of Cyprus, son of HENRI I King of Cyprus & his third wife Plaisance of Antioch (Autumn 1252-5 Dec 1267).  m secondly (21 Mar 1272) HAMO le Strange of [Ellesmere, Shropshire], son of JOHN Lestrange [III] of Knokyn & his wife Lucy Tregoz (-[1274/75]).  He may have accompanied Edward, son of Henry III King of England, on his crusade to Palestine in 1271.  Rüdt-Collenberg says that Hamo Lestrange of Ellesmere went to Palestine in 1270/71[244].  According to the Complete Peerage, Hamo was "prominent in the king's service until his death, probably in the Holy Land, early in 1274/5"[245].  On his deathbed, he placed his wife and the fief of Beirut under the protection of the Mameluk Sultan Baibars[246]m thirdly (1276) NICOLAS Alaman titular Lord of Caesarea, son of JEAN Alaman & his wife Marguerite of Caesarea (-murdered Jun 1277).  He was murdered by Baudouin Ibelin in revenge for Nicolas having killed Baudouin's brother Jean in 1276[247]m fourthly (after 1277) as his first wife, GUILLAUME Barlais, son of --- (-[1305/06]). 

2.         ESCHIVA Ibelin (1253-Nicosia 1312, bur Nicosia Cathedral)The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive, la dame de Baruth, qui fu feme Hanfroi dou Thoron" as the wife of "Gui" son of Hugues III King of Cyprus[248].  This is confirmed by another manuscript of the Lignages which names "Ysabeau et Eschive" as the two daughters of Jean son of "Balian…sire de Baruth" and his wife, stating that Eschiva married firstly "Anfroi de Monfort, fis de Phelippe de Monfort, seignor de Sur", and secondly "Gui, le fis au roy Hugue de Chipre…conestable"[249].  The Chronicle of Amadi names "madama Civa, figliola del signor de Barutho" as wife of "messer Anfredo de Monforte", stating that her husband held Beirut de iure uxoris[250].  She succeeded her sister in [1282/83] as Lady of Beirut.  The dispensation issued by Pope Gregory X for the marriage of "Honfroy de Montfort filius quondam Philippi domini Tyri" and "aliqua mulier oriunda Jerusaleme, Cypro vel transmarinis partibus" is dated 1 Oc 1274[251].  She left Beirut for Cyprus before the city's capture by Al Ashraf 31 Feb 1291[252].  The dispensation issued by Pope Nicholas IV for the marriage of "Amaricus dominus Tyrensis, conest. regni, frater Henrici regis" and "Echive Ibelin, vidua Anfredi de Monteforti" is dated 23 Jan 1291[253].  The dispensation issued by Pope Nicholas IV for the marriage of "Guido de Lusignan frater Henrici regis" and "Echive Ibelin Beyrouth" is dated 7 Dec 1291[254].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "la signora de Barutho…relicta de Anfredo de Monforte fratello de monsignor Joan de Monforte signor de Sur et de Thoron" as wife of "Guido", younger brother of Henri II King of Cyprus[255].  She travelled to Morea in 1308 to claim her rights to the duchy of Athens, transmitted through her mother[256].  She was shipwrecked on her return journey[257]m firstly (general Papal dispensation 1 Oct 1274) HONFROY de Montfort Lord of Tyre, son of PHILIPPE de Montfort Lord of Tyre & his second wife Maria of Antioch (-12 Feb 1284).  [258]Betrothed (Papal dispensation 23 Jan 1291) to AMAURY of Cyprus Lord of Tyre, son of HUGUES III King of Cyprus and Jerusalem & his wife Isabelle Ibelin (-murdered Nicosia 5 Jun 1310).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 7 Dec 1291) GUY of Cyprus Constable of Cyprus, son of HUGUES III King of Cyprus and Jerusalem & his wife Isabelle Ibelin (-[1302/03])

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    LORDS of BETHSAN [Bessan]

 

 

The town of Bethsan or Bessan was located between the Gelboes mountains and the river Jordan[259].  William of Tyre states that "Bethsan sive Scythopolis" was the main town of one of the three parts into which Palestine was divided, ownership of which had been transferred to the church of Nazareth[260]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         JEAN de Bethsan (-after 1129).  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 1129, including property donated by "Goffridus de Flaiaco et cum eo Johannes de Bethsam et Hugo frater eius…in territorio Cæsariensi"[261]

2.         HUGUES de Bethsan (-after 1129).  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 1129, including property donated by "Goffridus de Flaiaco et cum eo Johannes de Bethsam et Hugo frater eius…in territorio Cæsariensi"[262]

 

 

1.         [ADAM] [I], son of --- .  The Lignages d'Outremer state that "le premier seignor de Bessan fu frere de l'aveué de Betune" and had one son "Adam qui fu seignor de Bessan et esposa feme"[263].  Ducange names him Adam and identifies him as the son of Robert [II] Seigneur de Béthune and brother of Robert [III] Seigneur de Béthune (see the document FLANDERS, NOBILITY)[264].  Another primary source which corroborates this information has not yet been identified.  m ---.  The name of the wife of [Adam] is not known.  [Adam] [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADAM [II] .  The Lignages d'Outremer state that "le premier seignor de Bessan fu frere de l'aveué de Betune" and had one son "Adam qui fu seignor de Bessan et esposa feme"[265]Lord of Bethsanm ---.  The name of Adam´s wife is not known.  Adam [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GREMONT [I] [Guermond] (-after 1174).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gremont…seignor de Bessan" as son of "Adam…seignor de Bessan" & his wife.  Lord of Bethsan

-         see below

 

 

GREMONT [I] [Guermond], son of ADAM [II] [Lord of Bethsan] & his wife --- (-after 1174).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gremont…seignor de Bessan" as son of "Adam…seignor de Bessan" & his wife, stating that he married "Agnes la fille Hue le seignor de Giblet"[266], although this confuses Gremont [I] and Gremont [II].  Lord of Bethsan 1161/1174. 

m MARGUERITE of Beirut, daughter of [GUY [II] Brisebarre Lord of Beirut & his wife [Marie ---].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite" as wife of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan"[267].  This follows the sentence which records that "Agnes suer de Gautier" married "Johan Le Tor", implying that Marguerite was another of Gauthier's sisters.  However, an earlier passage only lists "Marie et Biatriz" as his sisters[268]

Gremont [I] & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ADAM [III] of Bethsan (-before 24 Nov 1179).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife[269]

-        see below

2.         GAUTHIER .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife[270].  1192/1220.  "…Galterius de Betsam, Gormundus de Betsam…" subscribed the charter dated Oct 1217 under which "Hugo…rex Cipri" confirmed the grant to the church of Nicosia by "Philippus de Ybellino" for the soul of "domine Marie regine, matris sue"[271]m firstly ([divorced]) as her second husband, DOUCE Porcelet, widow of RAINOUARD [II] Lord of Nephin, daughter of RAYMOND Porcelet & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Gautier" son of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" married "la dame de Nefin"[272].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names her "Douce, fille de Raymond Porcelet, qui avoit esté feme dou seignor de Nefin"[273].  1220.  If she is correctly cited in 1220, she must have been divorced from her second husband, assuming that his second marriage is correct as shown below.  m secondly (after 1180) as her second husband, THEODORA Komnene, divorced wife of BOHEMOND III Prince of Antioch, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Erine, niesce de l'empereour Manuel" as wife of "Beymont" son of "Reimont le fill au comte de Poitiers", stating that her husband expelled her and her daughter "en Romanie" after the death of Emperor Manuel[274].  The parentage of Theodora is not known.  According to Sturdza[275], she was the daughter of Ioannes Komnenos, son of sébastocrator Andronikos Komnenos (older brother of Emperor Manuel I) but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  Her first husband repudiated her on learning of the death of Emperor Manuel I[276].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Gautier" son of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" married secondly "Latomena"[277].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names the second wife of Gauthier de Bethsan as "une dame de Romanie, qui avoit nom Thodore Lathoumena"[278].  It is not clear from these sources that the second wife of Bohemond III Prince of Antioch was the same person as the second wife of Gauthier of Bethsan.  Gauthier & his first wife had three children: 

a)         AMAURY (-1255 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Amauri et Eschive…et Estefenie" as the children of "Gautier" son of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" and his wife "la dame de Nefin"[279].  Another manuscript of the Lignages records that "Amauri ala en Puille et espousa feme, et fu seignor de Tricart"[280].  Bailly of Cyprus 1229/1232.  Signor di Tricario.  Royal councillor in Sicily 1247.  m --- Signora di Tricario, daughter of ---.  Amaury & his wife had one child: 

i)          GREMONT of Bethsan (-after 1280).  "Agrimont de Besan dominus Tricariæ" donated property, held by "Aimerico de Besan patri dicti Agrimont", to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 1280[281].  Signor di Tricario. 

b)         ESCHIVA .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Amauri et Eschive…et Estefenie" as the children of "Gautier" son of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" and his wife "la dame de Nefin", specifying that Eschiva was mother of "cestui Bellian d'Antioche"[282].  Another manuscript of the Lignages records that Eschiva married "Johan d'Antioche, le mareschal de Chipre"[283]m JEAN of Antioch Marshal of Cyprus, son of ---. 

c)         STEPHANIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Amauri et Eschive…et Estefenie" as the children of "Gautier" son of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" and his wife "la dame de Nefin", specifying that Stephanie was mother of "cestui Johan de Saisson"[284].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names "Estefenie, la fille Gautier de Bessan" as the wife of "Gui, le fis Renaut de Saissons" and names their children[285]m GUY de Soissons, son of RENAUD de Soissons & his wife Berthe of Beirut. 

Gauthier & his second wife had two children: 

d)         ALIX .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis la Seneschalece" as daughter of "Gautier" son of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" and his wife "Latomena"[286].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names "Aalis et Femie" as the two daughters of Gauthier de Bethsan and his wife "une dame de Romanie, qui avoit nom Thodore Lathoumena", stating that Alix married "Bauduin de Ybelin seneschal de Chipre"[287]m ([1230]) BAUDOUIN Ibelin, son of JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his second wife Mélisende of Arsur (-21 Feb 1267).  Seneschal of Cyprus 1246/1266. 

e)         FEMIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis et Femie" as the two daughters of Gauthier de Bethsan and his wife "une dame de Romanie, qui avoit nom Thodore Lathoumena", stating that Femie married "Gui du Morf"[288]m GUY de Morpho

3.         AMAURY .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife, specifying that Amaury and Philippe died without heirs[289].  1195. 

4.         PHILIPPE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife, specifying that Amaury and Philippe died without heirs [290].  1196. 

5.         RICHILDE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Richeut…fille de Gremont de Bessan" as wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames", stating that they were divorced[291].  In another passage, the Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife, specifying that Richilde married "Baudoyn d'Ybelin" and was "mere de la reyne Eschive"[292].  Rüdt-Collenberg suggests that this parentage is chronologically improbable, although his reasoning is unclear[293].  1165/1167.  m ([1155], divorced [1174]) as his first wife, BAUDOUIN d'Ibelin Lord of Mirabel, son of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Rama & his wife Helvis --- (1135 or before-[Feb 1186/88]). 

6.         ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife, specifying that Isabelle was wife "dou conestable de Thabarie", had one son, but died without heirs[294]m --- Constable of Tiberias, son of ---. 

7.         STEPHANIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife, specifying that Stephanie married "Phelippe le Rous" and was mother of "Ysabiau de Bessan, mere de Heymeri Barlais"[295]m PHILIPPE Rufus, son of ---. 

 

 

ADAM [III] of Bethsan, son of GREMONT [I] Lord of Bethsan & his wife Marguerite of Beirut (-before 24 Nov 1179).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife[296].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names the first son "Ades"[297]

m HELVIS de Milly, daughter of HENRI de Milly "Bufalus" & his wife Agnes Garnier of Sidon.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the eldest daughter of "Henri le Bufle" & his wife married "André de Bessan", by whom she had one son "Gremont qui fu pere de Baudoyn et de cestui Thibaut de Bessan", and state in a later passage that she inherited "Saint Jorge de Labaene et les casaus que Thibaut tient ores" on the death of her father[298]

Adam [III] & his wife had one child: 

1.         GREMONT [II] .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Gremont qui fu pere de Baudoyn et de cestui Thibaut de Bessan" as the son of "André de Bessan" & his wife[299].  William of Tyre (Continuator) names him nephew of Gautier de Bessan[300].  1198/1220.  Lord of Bethsan.  "…Galterius de Betsam, Gormundus de Betsam…" subscribed the charter dated Oct 1217 under which "Hugo…rex Cipri" confirmed the grant to the church of Nicosia by "Philippus de Ybellino" for the soul of "domine Marie regine, matris sue"[301]m firstly JULIENNE de Soissons, daughter of RENAUD de Soissons Marshal of Cyprus & his wife Berthe de Beirut.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Juliene" as daughter of "Renaut de Saisson" & his wife, specifying that she was "feme de Gremont de Bessan, et n'ot point d'eirs"[302]m secondly AGNES Embriaco, daughter of GUILLAUME Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Sancha ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue qui clocheit, et Bertran et Reimont et Guillaume et Agnes" as children of "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue", stating that Agnes married "Gremont de Bessan"[303], which skips the generation of Guillaume.  Gremont [II] & his first wife had two children: 

a)         BAUDOUIN .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Baudoyn et de cestui Thibaut de Bessan" as the sons of "Gremont"[304].  Another manuscript of the Lignages clarifies that "Bauduin et Tybaut" were sons of "Gremont" and his wife "Juliene, la fille Renaut de Saissons"[305]Lord of Bethsan

-        see below

b)         THIBAUT (-[killed in battle Tripoli 1289]).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Baudoyn et de cestui Thibaut de Bessan" as the sons of "Gremont"[306].  Another manuscript of the Lignages clarifies that "Bauduin et Tybaut" were sons of "Gremont" and his wife "Juliene, la fille Renaut de Saissons"[307]m ISABELLE de Mandelée, daughter of JACQUES de Mandelée & his wife --- de Puille.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaume…et Ysabiau" as children of "Jaques de la Mandelee", specifying that Isabelle married "Thibaut de Bessan"[308].  Thibaut & his wife had two children: 

i)          BAUDOUIN (-killed in battle Tripoli 1289).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Bauduin et Gautier" as the two sons of "Tybaut, le fis de Greymont de Bessan" & his wife, stating that Baudouin "fu perdu a Triple"[309]

ii)         GAUTHIER .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Bauduin et Gautier" as the two sons of "Tybaut, le fis de Greymont de Bessan" & his wife, stating that Gauthier married "Aalis, la fille de Philippe de Ybelin conestable de Chipre"[310], although this appears to confuse him with Gauthier, son of Baudouin de Bethsan. 

Gremont [II] & his second wife had one child: 

c)         HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvis" as daughter of "Gremont" and his second (unnamed) wife, stating that she married "Rolant de Luque"[311]m ROLAND de Lucca, son of ---.  1245. 

 

 

BAUDOUIN of Bethsan, son of GREMONT [II] Lord of Bethsan & his first wife Julienne de Soissons .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Baudoyn et de cestui Thibaut de Bessan" as the sons of "Gremont"[312]Lord of Bethsan

m MARIE Visconte, daughter of GUILLAUME Visconte & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Macee, la fille Guillaumin Visconte" as the wife of "Bauduin" son of "Gremont"[313]

Baudouin & his wife had five children: 

1.         GAUTHIER (-Kerynia 24 Jun 1315, bur Saint-Antoine).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gautier, Phelippe et Amauri" as the three sons of "Bauduin" & his wife[314].  The Chronicle of Amadi records a letter from the Constable of Cyprus in 1310 to the knights of Famagusta, among whom "messer Ague de Bessan, capitanio de Famagusta in loco de monsignor el re, messer Ruppin de Monforte…Chemerin de Lusignan figliolo del potente re de Hierusalem et Cypro de la bona memorie, contestabile del ditto reame de Cypro, Balin de Iblim principe di Galilea et signor de Thabaria, Hugo de Iblim, Philippo de Iblim conte del Zapho, Galtier de Bessan, Philippo de Iblim…"[315].  Lord of Bethsan.  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "messer Baglian de Iblim principe di Galilea et signor de Thabaria et il suo barba messer Hugo de Iblim et il suo socero messer Galtier de Bessan" requested the king's pardon in 1310 which was refused[316].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "messer Hugo de Iblim, messer Galtier de Bessan, et Joan de Iblim…" were among those sent to the prisons of Kerynia by the king 1 Oct 1310[317].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "messer Galtier di Bessan" was found dead 24 Jun, in 1315 from the context, in one of the caves of Kerynia, and his burial "a Santo Antonio"[318]m firstly MARGUERITE Babin, daughter of RAYMOND Babin & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite la fille Reymont Babin" as the wife of "Gautier le fis Bauduin de Bessan"[319]m secondly ALIX Ibelin Lady of Coletta, daughter of PHILIPPE Ibelin Constable of Cyprus & his wife Simone de Montbéliard ([1270]-after 1324).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marie, Aalis, Helvis, Eschive et Marguerite" as the five daughters of Philippe Ibelin & his wife, stating that Alix married "Gautier de Bessan"[320].  According to another passage of the Lignages the husband of "Aalis la fille de Philippe de Ybelin conestable de Chipre" was Gauthier, son of Thibaut de Bethsan[321].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "la contessa del Zapho et de Ascalona et dama de Rames, madama Maria de Iblim" and "le sue doe sorelle…madama Alisa moglie di messer Galtier de Bessan, dama de Colletta, et madama Eschiva, dama di S. Nicolò, moglie de messer Galtier Dampiere" were "retained at the royal court…and imprisoned in the house of the Lord of Tyre"[322].  Lady of Coletta.  Gauthier & his first wife had four children: 

a)         THIBAUT .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Thibaut, Ague et Amauri qui morut" as the three children of "Gautier le fis Bauduin de Bessan" and his wife "Marguerite, la fille Reymont Babin"[323]m firstly NICOLE Ibelin, daughter of BALIAN [IV] Ibelin Lord of Arsur & his wife Lucie de Chenechy.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heimeline, Johanne et Nicole" as the three daughters of Balian, son of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur", & his wife, stating that Nicole married "Thibaut de Bessan"[324]m secondly ALIX Montolivo, daughter of SIMON Montolivo Marshal of Cyprus & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis, la fille Symon de Montolif, mareschal de Chipre, qui fu ocis au siege d'Acre" as the second wife of Thibaut son of "Gautier le fis Bauduin de Bessan"[325]

b)         AGNE (-[1345/53]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Thibaut, Ague et Amauri qui morut" as the three children of "Gautier le fis Bauduin de Bessan" and his wife "Marguerite, la fille Reymont Babin"[326].  Lieutenant of the Kingdom of Cyprus 1309.  The Chronicle of Amadi records a letter from the Constable of Cyprus in 1310 to the knights of Famagusta, among whom "messer Ague de Bessan, capitanio de Famagusta in loco de monsignor el re, messer Ruppin de Monforte…Chemerin de Lusignan figliolo del potente re de Hierusalem et Cypro de la bona memorie, contestabile del ditto reame de Cypro, Balin de Iblim principe di Galilea et signor de Thabaria, Hugo de Iblim, Philippo de Iblim conte del Zapho, Galtier de Bessan, Philippo de Iblim…"[327].  1306/1312.  m firstly as her second husband, ALIX de Mandelée, widow of GUILLAUME Barlais, daughter of GUILLAUME de Mandelée & his wife Agnes de Scandelion.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis, la fille Guillaumin de la Mandelle" as the wife of Ague son of "Gautier le fis Bauduin de Bessan"[328].  Another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Jocelin, Gui, Pierre et Aalis" as the children of "Guilliaume de la Mandelee" & his wife, stating that Alix married firstly "Guilliaume Barlais et puis Ague de Bessan"[329]m secondly (Papal dispensation 9 Mar 1345) as her first husband, ALIX de Dampierre, daughter of EUDES [III] de Dampierre Constable of Jerusalem & his wife Isabelle of Cyprus.  She married secondly (Papal dispensation 3o and 4o 14 Apr 1353) as his first wife, Philipp Herzog von Braunschweig (-4 Aug 1369).  The dispensation issued by Pope Innocent VI for the marriage of "Philippe de Brunswick domicellus, Nicosiensis" and "Alice de Dampierre, vidua Aigne de Bethsan, neptis regis" is dated 14 Apr 1353[330].  Ague & his first wife had one child: 

i)          BAUDOUIN .  His parentage is confirmed by the Papal dispensation for his marriage.  His was one of the marriages arranged to reconcile the groups which previously supported Amaury of Cyprus Regent of Cyprus against Henri II King of Cyprus[331]m (Papal dispensation 3o and 4o 19 Sep 1325) MARIE Ibelin, daughter of HUGUES Ibelin & his wife Alice Le Tor ([1304/07]-after 1347).  The dispensation issued by Pope John XXII for the marriage of "Baudouin de Bethsan filius Aquæ, Paphens" and "nobilis mulier Marie Ibelin filia quondam Hugonis militis, Nicosiensis" is dated 19 Sep 1325[332].  Baudouin & his wife had three children: 

(a)       AGNE .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

(b)       AGNES .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

(c)       GREMONT .  His parentage is confirmed in the Papal dispensation for his marriage.  m (Papal dispensation 26 Aug 1353) JACQUETTE Le Tor, daughter of JEAN Le Tor & his wife ---.  The dispensation issued by Pope Innocent VI for the marriage of "Grimaud de Bethsan filius Balduini miles" and "Jacobea le Tor filia Johannis milities domicella" is dated 26 Aug 1353[333]

c)         AMAURY (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Thibaut, Ague et Amauri qui morut" as the three children of "Gautier le fis Bauduin de Bessan" and his wife "Marguerite, la fille Reymont Babin"[334]

d)         daughter m JEAN de Brie, commander of Famagusta (-beheaded Dec 1311). 

Gauthier & his second wife had one child: 

e)         MARIE (-1322, bur Nicosia Notre Dame).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie" as the daughter of "Gauthier de Bessan" & his wife "Aalis la fille de Philippe de Ybelin conestable de Chipre"[335]

2.         PHILIPPA .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe…[et] Eschive" as the two daughters of "Bauduin" & his wife, stating that Philippa married "Johan Babin et ot I fis Reymont Babin"[336]m JEAN Babin, son of ---.  1306/1315. 

3.         PHILIPPE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gautier, Phelippe et Amauri" as the three sons of "Bauduin" & his wife, stating that Philippe and Amaury died[337]m ESCHIVA, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive" as the wife of Philippe son of Baudouin de Bethsan[338]

4.         AMAURY (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gautier, Phelippe et Amauri" as the three sons of "Bauduin" & his wife, stating that Philippe and Amaury died[339]

5.         ESCHIVA .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe…[et] Eschive" as the two daughters of "Bauduin" & his wife, stating that Eschiva married "Nicole Boule" and names their children "Thomas, Gautier, Marguerite [que] espousa Phelippe de Cafran, et Phelippe [que] espousa Thomas de Verni"[340]m NICOLAS Boule, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    LORDS of CAESAREA

 

 

 

A.      LORDS of CAESARIA (GARNIER)

 

 

EUSTACHE [I] Granarius [Garnier], son of --- (-15 Jun 1123, bur Jerusalem, Santa Maria Latina).  A Fleming from Thérouanne.  He fought at the third battle of Ramla Aug 1105.  Albert of Aix names "Hugo de Tabaria, Rorgius de Cayphas, Guntfridus de Turri David, Hugo de Sancto Abraham, Eustachius Granarius, Gutmannus de Brussella castello Brabantiæ, Lithardus de Cameraco civitate Galliæ, Pisellus de Tuorna, Baldewinus de Hastrut castellis Flandrie" as those who went to relieve King Baudouin at Jaffa, dated to [1105/06] from the context[341].  Albert of Aix records that Baudouin I King of Jerusalem sent "Paganum de Cayphas…et Eustachius cognomine Granario" to support Tancred at the siege of Tripoli, dated to [1109] from the context[342]Lord of Caesarea.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Estace de Garnier" conquered "Cesaire" and inherited Jericho from his wife's uncle[343].  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers, among which "in terra Cæsareæ…iuxta Caccho" by "Eustachius", by charter dated 28 Sep 1110[344].  He was enfeoffed as Lord of Sidon in late 1110.  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated to [1115], including a donation by "…Eustachius Granerius…in territorio Sydonis…"[345].  William of Tyre records "Eustachius Graniers" among those present at the Council of Nablus in 1120 at which Gormundus Patriarch of Jerusalem delivered a sermon[346].  Elected constable and bailiff of the kingdom of Jerusalem 1123, to act as regent during the captivity of King Baudouin II[347]

m ([1 Aug/Dec] 1099) as her first husband, EMMA, niece of ARNOUL de Choques Patriarch of Jerusalem, daughter of --- (-after Oct 1126).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ameline…niece dou patriarche de Jerusalem" as wife of "Estace de Garnier"[348].  On her marriage, her uncle gave her as dowry the town of Jericho which he alienated from being church land for this purpose[349].  A charter dated 8 Apr 1124 relates that "post obitum Eustachii…dominam Emmam uxorem…Eustachii" donated the abbey of Quarantene to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "filiis suis Eustachio et Galterio atque Hugone marito" by the hands of "viri sui domni Hugonis principis Ioppe"[350].  She married secondly (before 8 Apr 1124) Hugues du Puiset Count of Jaffa.  "Eustachius Granerius II" donated property to the church of St. Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Papiæ uxoris", by charter dated Oct 1126, subscribed by "Emma comitissa mater Granerii II" and written by "Walterio fratre supradicti Granerii"[351]

Eustache [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.         EUSTACHE [II] (-before Sep 1131).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 8 Apr 1124, relating to the abbey of Quarantene, which relates that "post obitum Eustachii…dominam Emmam uxorem…Eustachii" donated the property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "filiis suis Eustachio et Galterio" by the hands of "viri sui domni Hugonis principis Ioppe"[352]Lord of Sidon 1124/26. 

-        LORDS of SIDON

2.         GERARD (-before 1171).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gerart et Gautier" as the two sons of "Estace de Garnier", stating that Gerard was "seignor de Seete"[353]Lord of Sidon 1131.  Lord of Beaufort [1139].  "…Girardus Sydoniensis…" subscribed the charter dated 13 Jul 1155 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted property previously granted to "Eustachius Ganerius…Galterius predicti Eustachii filius" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, listed third among the subscribers, but it does not specify his relationship to the Garnier family[354]

-        LORDS of SIDON

3.         GAUTHIER (-before 1154, bur Jerusalem, Santa Maria Latina).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gerart et Gautier" as the two sons of "Estace de Garnier"[355].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 8 Apr 1124, relating to the abbey of Quarantene, which relates that "post obitum Eustachii…dominam Emmam uxorem…Eustachii" donated the property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "filiis suis Eustachio et Galterio" by the hands of "viri sui domni Hugonis principis Ioppe"[356].  "Eustachius Granerius II" donated property to the church of St. Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Papiæ uxoris", by charter dated Oct 1126, subscribed by "Emma comitissa mater Granerii II" and written by "Walterio fratre supradicti Granerii"[357].  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted property previously granted to "Eustachius Ganerius…Galterius predicti Eustachii filius" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 13 Jul 1155[358].  "…Walterius Granarius…" subscribed the charter dated 1127 under which "Balianus miles" donated property to St Marie, Josaphat[359]Lord of Caesarea.  "…Gualterius Cesaree dominus…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1128 under which "Balduinus…rex Iherusalem Latinorum secundus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing fifth among the subscribers[360].  "…Galterius Cesaree dominus…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[361].  Lord of Sidon 1131/1135.  "Galterius cognomento Granerius, Cæsareæ et Sydoniæ dominus" confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers by "pater ipsius Eustachius" by charter dated 21 Sep 1131, signed by "G. Granerii et conjugis Julianæ…"[362].  "Galterius Cesaree dominus" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1145 in which he names "pater meus Eustachius Granerius"[363].  William of Tyre records "Galterius Caesariensis" among the magnates in Palestine present at the council held at Acre recorded under 1148[364].  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted property previously granted to "Eustachius Ganerius…Galterius predicti Eustachii filius" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 13 Jul 1155[365]m JULIENNE, daughter of --- (-after 21 Sep 1131).  "Galterius cognomento Granerius, Cæsareæ et Sydoniæ dominus" confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers by "pater ipsius Eustachius" by charter dated 21 Sep 1131, signed by "G. Granerii et conjugis Julianæ…"[366].  Gauthier & his wife had two children: 

a)         EUSTACHE .  "Hugo dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to St Lazarus of Jerusalem, with the consent of "uxoris Ysabel, filiæ Johannis Gothmanni" for the soul of "fratris sui Eustachii, qui eiusdem domus frater est", by charter dated 1160[367].  Monk at St Lazarus 1149. 

b)         HUGUES (-after 1166).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue" as son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire"[368].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1166 under which "Hugo…Cesaree Palestine dominus" donated property with the consent of "uxoris mee Ysabel" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1166 which names "avi mei Eustachii et patris mei Galterii"[369]Lord of Caesarea 1150.  "…Hugo Cesariensis dominus…" subscribed the charter dated 1155 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[370].  "…Hugo Cesariensis…" subscribed the charter dated 13 Jul 1155 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted property previously granted to "Eustachius Ganerius…Galterius predicti Eustachii filius" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[371].  "Hugo dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to St Lazarus of Jerusalem, with the consent of "uxoris Ysabel, filiæ Johannis Gothmanni" for the soul of "fratris sui Eustachii", by charter dated 1160[372].  "…Hugo Cesariensis…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jul 1160 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[373].  "…Hugo Cesariensis dominus…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[374]m (before 1160) as her first husband, ISABELLE Gothman, daughter of JEAN Gothman & his wife Amandala --- (-[1177/78]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau…fille de sire Johan Gomans…feme de Hue de Cesaire" as second wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[375].  "Hugo dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to St Lazarus of Jerusalem, with the consent of "uxoris Ysabel, filiæ Johannis Gothmanni" for the soul of "fratris sui Eustachii", by charter dated 1160[376].  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed a donation of property by "Iohannes Gothmannus", with the consent of "…filiaque predicti Iohannis Helisabeth, uxore…Hugonis…", to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 21 Nov 1161[377].  "Hugo…Cesaree Palestine dominus" donated property with the consent of "uxoris mee Ysabel" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1166[378].  She married secondly (1175) as his second wife, Baudouin Ibelin Lord of Mirabel and Rama.  Hugues & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUY (-[1176/82]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 3 Jul 1174 under which Amaury I King of Jerusalem granted property to "Philippo Ruffo", subscribed by "…Hemfridus constabularius, Milo Montis Regalis dominus, Rainaldus Sydonis dominus, Guido Cæsareæ dominus, Gualterus frater eius, Gormundus de Tyberiade, Atto filius eius, Rohardus de Joppe, Johannes de Arsur, Amalricus de Cæsarea, Arnulfus de Blancagarda, Amalricus filius eius…"[379]Lord of Caesarea.  Baudouin Lord of Ramla donated property by charter dated 1176, subscribed by "…princeps Renaudus, comes Joscelinus, Humfredus constabularius, Rohardus castellanus Jerusalem, Guido Cæsariensis…"[380]

ii)         GAUTHIER [II] (-killed in battle Acre [1189/91]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier et Juliene" as the son and daughter of "Hue de Cesaire" & his wife[381], stating in another manuscript that Gauthier was killed[382]Lord of Caesarea.  "Galterius dominus Cæsareæ Palæstinæ, Hugonis eiusdem domini bonæ memoriæ filius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Julianæ sororis suæ eiusque mariti Guidonis de Beritho", by charter dated 1182[383]

iii)        JULIENNE (-[18 Oct 1213/Feb 1216]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier et Juliene" as the son and daughter of "Hue de Cesaire" & his wife, specifying that Julienne married "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth"[384].  In a later passage, the Lignages d'Outremer states that Julienne married secondly "Aymar de Lairon" by whom she had one son "Rogier"[385].  "Galterius dominus Cæsareæ Palestinæ, Hugonis eiusdem domini bonæ memoriæ filius" sold property "in territorio Cæsariensi" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Julianæ sororis suæ eiusque mariti Guidonis de Beritho", by charter dated 1182[386]Lady of Caesarea 1193.  "Juliana domina Cæsareæ, Hugonis quondam domini Cæsareæ filia" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "mariti Ademari", by charter dated 24 Oct 1197[387].  "Ademarius dominus Cæsareæ" granted property, with the consent of "uxoris Julianæ, eiusque filii Gualterii Cæsareæ…", by charter dated Feb 1201[388].  "Juliana domina Cæsareæ" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "mariti Aymari de Lairon et filii Galterii", by charter dated Feb 1206[389].  "Aymar dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Julianæ", by charter dated 18 Nov 1212[390].  "Ademarus dominus Cæsareæ cum uxore Juliana" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 18 Oct 1213[391]m firstly (before 1182) GUY Brisebarre of Beirut, son of GUY [II] Brisebarre & his wife [Marie of Beirut].  1147/1182.  m secondly (before 1192) AYMAR de Lairon, son of --- (-after Nov 1220).  Lord of Caesarea 1193, de iure uxoris

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         AYMAR de Lairon (-after Nov 1220)Lord of Caesarea 1193, de iure uxoris.  Marshal of the kingdom of Jerusalem 1206.  William of Tyre records that "Aymar de Lairon", Lord of Caesarea by right of wife "Juliane", was sent by the Council to the king of France for advice on a prospective husband for Marie heiress of the kingdom of Jerusalem[392].  "Aymar dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Julianæ", by charter dated 18 Nov 1212[393].  "…Aymarus de Leron…" subscribed a charter of Raymond Rupen Prince of Antioch dated Mar 1219[394].  "Adeymar de Layron miles eiusque uxor Sibylla filia Galterii de Leitor" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated Nov 1220[395]m (before 1192) as her second husband, JULIENNE Garnier of Caesarea, widow of GUY Brisebarre of Beirut, daughter of HUGUES Garnier Lord of Caesarea & his wife Isabelle Gothman (-[Oct 1213/Feb 1216]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier et Juliene" as the son and daughter of "Hue de Cesaire" & his wife, specifying that Julienne married "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth"[396].  In a later passage, the Lignages d'Outremer states that Julienne married secondly "Aymar de Lairon" by whom she had one son "Rogier"[397]Lady of Caesarea 1193.  m secondly SIBYLLE de Sourdeval, daughter of GAUTHIER de Lattor & his wife --- (-after 1 May 1262).  "Adeymar de Layron miles eiusque uxor Sibylla filia Galterii de Leitor" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated Nov 1220[398].  "Sibylla de Surdeval vidua Aymari de Layron militis" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated Dec 1235[399].  Bohémond VI Prince of Antioch, Count of Tripoli confirmed the donation by "Sibylla filia Gauterii de Sourdavalle" to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 1 May 1262[400].  Aymar & his first wife had one child: 

a)         ROGER de Lairon .  The Lignages d'Outremer states that Julienne married secondly "Aymar de Lairon" by whom she had one son "Rogier"[401]

2.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         AGNES de Lairon .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Agnes" as niece of "Rogier [mistake for Aymar] de Leiron" and wife of "Gille de Baruth" and mother of "cestui Raou"[402].  Another manuscript of the Lignages d'Outremer names her "Agnes de Leiron qui estoit d'outremer"[403]m GILLES of Beirut, son of GAUTHIER [III] Brisebarre Lord of Beirut & his second wife Agnes ---. 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS of CAESAREA (BEIRUT)

 

 

GAUTHIER of Beirut, son of GUY of Beirut & his wife Julienne Garnier of Caesarea (-killed in battle Nicosia 24 Jun 1229).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier…et Bernart" as the two sons of "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth" & his wife, specifying that Gauthier was "seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre"[404].  "Ademarius dominus Cæsareæ" granted property, with the consent of "uxoris Julianæ, eiusque filii Gualterii Cæsareæ…", by charter dated Feb 1201[405].  Constable of Cyprus 1206.  Lord of Caesarea 1216.  "…Galterus Cesariensis Cipri comestabilis…" subscribed the charter dated Oct 1217 under which "Hugo…rex Cipri" confirmed the grant to the church of Nicosia by "Philippus de Ybellino" for the soul of "domine Marie regine, matris sue"[406].  He was killed in Cyprus during the early part of the civil war[407]

m (before 1210) as her second husband, MARGUERITE Ibelin, widow of HUGUES de Saint-Omer Lord of Tiberiè, daughter of BALIAN [II] Ibelin Lord of Nablus, Rama and Miribel & his wife Maria Komnene ([1180]-after 1240).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife[408].  In a later passage, the Lignages record that "Marguerite, l'autre suer" married "Hue seignor de Thabarie", by whom she was childless, and secondly "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" by whom she had one son and four daughters[409]

Gauthier & his wife had five children: 

1.         JEAN (-before 1241).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan" as the son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife[410]m ALIX [de Montaigu], daughter of --- [de Montaigu-en-Auvergne] & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis…niece dou maistre dou Temple, frere Pierre de Montagu, et de l'arcevesque Estorgue, et d'Engerant qui fu baron d'Eschive qui puis fu feme dou seignor de Baruth" as wife of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife[411].  Jean & his wife had five children: 

a)         MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite…Marie…Ysabiau…et Aalis" as the daughters of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Marguerite was mother of "Nicolle seignor de Cesaire et de Thomassin"[412].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that Marguerite married "Johan l'Aleman"[413].  "Johan l'Aleman dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "uxoris Margeritæ, Heilehuis sororis suæ", by charter dated 30 Apr 1249, subscribed by "Hayme l'Aleman cognatus eiusdem Johannis…Garnier l'Aleman cognatus Johannis"[414].  "Johan Laleman dominus Cæsareæ" granted property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Margareta uxor, filia olim Johannis domini de Cæsarea", by charter dated Apr 1255[415]m (before 30 Apr 1249) JEAN Alaman, son of GARNIER Alaman & his wife Pavie Embriaco (-1264 or after).  Lord of Caesarea

b)         ALIX .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite…Marie…Ysabiau…et Aalis" as the daughters of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Alix died as a child and was a nun[416].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that Alix married "Richart de Dampiere et morut"[417].  m RICHARD de Dampierre, son of EUDES [I] de Dampierre & his wife Heloise de Lusignan. 

c)         MARIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite…Marie…Ysabiau…et Aalis" as the daughters of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Marie died without heirs[418]

d)         ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite…Marie…Ysabiau…et Aalis" as the daughters of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Isabelle was mother of "Eudde de Dampierre"[419].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that Isabelle married "Gautier de Dampierre" and had one son "Heude" who married "Aalis la fille Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chipre…et orent…Gautier et Johan et Eschive qui est beguine. Gautier espousa Eschive, la fille Phelippe de Ybelin conestable de Chipre…et orent I fis Heude"[420]m GAUTHIER de Dampierre, son of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier de Dampierre" as husband of "ceste Tsabiau de Cesaire", specifying that he was nephew of Eudes de Montfaucon-Montbéliard[421]

e)         PIERRE (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Peretin" who died young as the son of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife[422]

2.         ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau" as sister of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre", specifying that she died "damisselle" at 22 years old[423]

3.         ALIX .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis" as other sister of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre", specifying that she married "Jaque de la Mandelee" by whom she was mother of "Ysabiau qui est feme de Thibaut de Bessan"[424].  A charter dated 20 Apr 1239 refers to papal dispensations, for 3o consanguinity, for the marriages between "Sipham, gnatam quondam connestablii regni Cyprii" and "Balianno de Ybellino", and "(Aalidem) sororem Johannis de Cæsaria" and "Jacobo de Amendolio"[425].  The dispensation issued by Pope Gregory IX for the marriage of "Jacques de Amendolia" and "Alix soror Johannis de Cesarea" is dated to [1221/39][426]m ([after 20 Apr 1239]) as his second wife, JACQUES de Mandelée, son of GUILLAUME de Mandelée & his wife Agnes de Courtenay.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Jaque de la Mandelee" was son of "Guillaume le seignor de la Mandlee et d'Agnes qui estoit fille dou conte Jocelin de Rohais et de la petite fille de Henri le Bufle"[427]

4.         HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Heloys" as other sister of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre", specifying that she was a nun[428].  Nun. 

5.         FEMIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Femie" as other sister of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre", specifying that she married "Johan de Gibelet" by whom she was mother of "Ysabiau…feme de Guillaume Fillangier"[429].  Another passage in the Lignages d'Outremer names "Femie, la fille de Marguerite, la grant dame de Cesaire" as wife of "Johan de Gibelet"[430].  A further passage of the Lignages clarifies that her husband was "Johan…mareschal dou royaume de Jerusalem", son of "Guilliaume" son of "Reimont"[431]m as his first wife, JEAN Embriaco of Jebail Marshal of Jerusalem, son of RAYMOND Embriaco & his wife Eva --- (-[1263]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    LORDS of CAIPHAS (HAIFA)

 

 

 

A.      LORDS of CAIPHAS

 

 

1.         GELDEMAR Carpenel (-killed [1101]).  Tudebodus names "…Guademarus Carpinellus…" among those in the army of Raymond "de Saint-Gilles" Comte de Toulouse[432].  William of Tyre records that "dominus comes Tolosanus" sent "quemdam nobilem de suo comitatu…Galdemarus cognomento Carpinnelle" to Jaffa, dated to 1099 from the context[433].  Albert of Aix names "…Gelderarus Carpenel…" among those who accompanied "duci Godefrido" in attacking "cives Assur vulgariter Arsit", dated to 1099 from the context[434]Lord of Caiphas.  Albert of Aix records that "dux Godefridus" granted Caiphas to "Geldemaro cognomine Carpenel" on his deathbed, much to the displeasure of Tancred who expelled him after Godefroi died, and that Geldemar retired to the castle of Saint-Abraham[435].  Albert of Aix records that "Geldemarus" complained to Baudouin I King of Jerusalem about his expulsion from Caiphas, and that the town was returned to him after Tancred was appointed regent of Antioch, on condition that he would surrender it back to Tancred if the latter claimed it within 15 months[436].  Ducange states that Geldemar was killed soon after being restored at Caiphas in a skirmish with Muslims but he does not cite the primary source on which this statement is based[437]

 

2.         ROHART (-1107, bur Jerusalem, Church of the Holy Sepulchre).  Lord of Caiphas.  Albert of Aix names "Hugo de Tabaria, Rorgius de Cayphas, Guntfridus de Turri David, Hugo de Sancto Abraham, Eustachius Granarius, Gutmannus de Brussella castello Brabantiæ, Lithardus de Cameraco civitate Galliæ, Pisellus de Tuorna, Baldewinus de Hastrut castellis Flandrie" as those who went to relieve King Baudouin at Jaffa, dated to [1105/06] from the context[438].  Albert of Aix records the death of "Rorgius, qui dono Regis civitati Cayphas præerat" and his burial in the church of the Holy Sepulchre, dated to [1107] from the context[439]

 

3.         PAYEN (-after 28 Sep 1110).  Lord of Caiphas.  Albert of Aix records that Baudouin I King of Jerusalem sent "Paganum de Cayphas…et Eustachius cognomine Granario" to support Tancred at the siege of Tripoli, dated to [1109] from the context[440].  A charter dated 28 Sep 1110 records the confirmation of donations to the Knights Hospitallers, including the donation by "Paganus de Cayphas" of "terris…in villa Cayphas et Capharnaum"[441]

 

4.         MANASSES (-after 1120).  Lord of Caiphas.  "Baronum:…Manasses de Caiphas…" subscribed the charter dated to [1115] under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[442].  "…Manasses de Caypha…" subscribed the charter dated 1120 of Baudouin II King of Jerusalem[443]

 

5.         GUIBERT (-after 2 May 1125).  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem granted privileges to the Venetians by charter dated 2 May 1125, subscribed by "…Honfrodus de Corone, Guido de Miliaco, Radulfus de Fontanellis, Goffredus Tortus, Rainerius de Bruso, Guido Lidensis dominus, Guipertus de Caipha…Guilielmus de Buris, Tyberiadis…Ugo Joppensis dominus, Gualterius Brisebarre, Beritti dominus, Eustachius Granerius…"[444]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         ROGER .  "Rogerius de Caifa et Iohannes frater eius" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by undated charter[445]

2.         JEAN .  "Rogerius de Caifa et Iohannes frater eius" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by undated charter[446]

 

 

1.         VIVIANLord of Caiphas.  "…Vivianus, Cayphæ dominus…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which Foulques King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of the Holy Sepulchre[447].  "Vivianus dominus de Cayfa et filius meus Paganus…cum uxor mea Beatrice" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1165[448]m BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  "Vivianus dominus de Cayfa…cum uxor mea Beatrice" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1165[449].  Vivian & his wife had one child: 

a)         PAYEN (-after May 1188).  "Vivianus dominus de Cayfa et filius meus Paganus…" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1165[450].  "…Paganus Cayphæ dominus…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Jun 1185 under which Baudouin V King of Jerusalem confirmed rights[451].  "Paganus de Caypha…" subscribed the charter dated May 1188 under which "Conradus Montisferrati marchio" donated property to the church of St Peter, Tyre[452]m HODIERNA, daughter of ---.  "Vivianus dominus de Cayfa…" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1165 which names "filio meo Pagano cum uxore sua Hodierna"[453].  Payen & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROHART (-after Oct 1198).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rohart et Renart" as the two sons of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas"[454]Lord of Caiphas.  "…Rohardus Cayphæ…" subscribed the charter dated Oct 1198 under which Amaury II King of Jerusalem and Cyprus confirmed privileges to the men of Marseille[455]m AIGLANTINE of Nephim, daughter of RAYMOND [II] Lord of Nephin & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aiglentine, la fille de Reymont, seignor de Nefin" as the wife of Rohart, son of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas"[456].  Rohart & his wife had [four] children: 

(a)       HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvis et Aalis et Agnes" as the children of Rohart, son of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas" & his wife, stating that Helvis married "Joffroi Poulain" and was Lady of Caiphas[457].  "Garssie Alvarez dominus de Cayphas" donated property to the church of Mount Thabor, with the consent of "uxoris Heluis", by charter dated 4 May 1250[458]m firstly GEOFFROY Poulain, son of ---.  m secondly (before 4 May 1250) GARCIA Álvarez, son of ---.  Lord of Caiphas

(b)       ALIX (-after Jun 1241).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvis et Aalis et Agnes" as the children of Rohart, son of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas" & his wife, stating that Alix married "Johan de Ybelin, seignour d'Arsur"[459].  Another passage of the Lignages names "Aalis, la fille Rohart seignor de Cayphas" as the wife of "Johan, le fis Johan de Ybelin sire de Baruth…sire d'Arsur"[460].  "Johannes de Ibelino, dominus de Arsur" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Aeliz et filiorum", by charter dated Jun 1241[461]m (1236) JEAN Ibelin Lord of Arsur, son of JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his second wife Mélisende of Arsur ([1211/12]-Dec 1258). 

(c)       AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvis et Aalis et Agnes" as the children of Rohart, son of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas" & his wife, stating that Agnes married "Boverel de Grimaut, qui estoit Genevois"[462]

(d)       [ISABELLE of Caiphas .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau, la fille au seignor de Cayphas" as the wife of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde"[463].  From a chronological point of view, it is more likely that Isabelle's father was Rohart than the other known lords of Caiphas.  m RAOUL de Blanchegarde, son of GILLES of Beirut & his wife Agnes de Leiron (-1265 or after).] 

ii)         RENAUD (-after 1229).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rohart et Renart" as the two sons of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas"[464].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Renaut le chamberlain dou royaume" as brother of "Rohart le seignour de Cayphas"[465].  Chamberlain of the kingdom of Jerusalem 1229. 

-         see below

 

 

RENAUD of Caiphas, son of PAGANUS Lord of Caiphas & his wife Hodierna --- (-after 1229).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Renaut le chamberlain dou royaume" as brother of "Rohart le seignour de Cayphas"[466].  Chamberlain of the kingdom of Jerusalem 1229. 

m ISABELLE of Beirut, daughter of GUY of Beirut & his wife Julienne Garnier of Caesarea.  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "baron Gui de Baruth, frere de Gautier seignor de Baruth" & his wife had two daughters, specifying that the older one married "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas"[467]

Renaud & his wife had seven children: 

1.         HUGUES .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Hue, Phelippe, Johan et Gui, et Odiart, et Sebille, et Havys" as the children of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas" & his wife[468].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that "Hue, Phelippe, Gui" died without heirs[469]

2.         PHILIPPE .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Hue, Phelippe, Johan et Gui, et Odiart, et Sebille, et Havys" as the children of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas" & his wife[470].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that "Hue, Phelippe, Gui" died without heirs[471]

3.         JEAN .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Hue, Phelippe, Johan et Gui, et Odiart, et Sebille, et Havys" as the children of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas" & his wife[472].  Lord of Cossie.  Chamberlain of the kingdom of Cyprus.  m ISABELLE, daughter of DANIEL de Mallenbec & his wife Chandelor de Flory.  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Ysabiau fille de Daniel de Mallenbec et de Chandelor…fille de Johan de Flori" as wife of "Johan de Cossie" son of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume…"[473].  Jean & his wife had one child: 

a)         PHILIPPE .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Phelippe…chamberlain et seignor de Cossi" as son of "Johan de Cossie" son of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume…" & his wife[474].  Lord of Cossie.  m ISABELLE Aleman, daughter of GARNIER Aleman & his wife Agnes de Terremonde.  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Ysabiau…fille de Garnier l'Aleman et d'Agnes…fille de Daniel de Terremonde" as wife of "Phelippe…chamberlain et seignor de Cossi"[475].  Philippe & his wife had seven children: 

i)          HUGUES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue, Johan, Fedric et Jorge" as the four sons of "Phelippe de Cossie…chamberlain" & his wife[476]

ii)         JEAN .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue, Johan, Fedric et Jorge" as the four sons of "Phelippe de Cossie…chamberlain" & his wife[477]

iii)        FREDERIC .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue, Johan, Fedric et Jorge" as the four sons of "Phelippe de Cossie…chamberlain" & his wife[478]

iv)       GEORGES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue, Johan, Fedric et Jorge" as the four sons of "Phelippe de Cossie…chamberlain" & his wife[479]

v)        daughter (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Phelippe de Cossie…chamberlain" & his wife had three daughters, "l'une morut et l'autre fu feme de Jorge de Gloire, l'autre fu nonain"[480]

vi)       daughter (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Phelippe de Cossie…chamberlain" & his wife had three daughters, "l'une morut et l'autre fu feme de Jorge de Gloire, l'autre fu nonain"[481]m GEORGES de Gloire

vii)      daughter (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Phelippe de Cossie…chamberlain" & his wife had three daughters, "l'une morut et l'autre fu feme de Jorge de Gloire, l'autre fu nonain"[482].  Nun. 

4.         GUY .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Hue, Phelippe, Johan et Gui, et Odiart, et Sebille, et Havys" as the children of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas" & his wife[483].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that "Hue, Phelippe, Gui" died without heirs[484]

5.         ODIARD .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Hue, Phelippe, Johan et Gui, et Odiart, et Sebille, et Havys" as the children of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas" & his wife, specifying that Odiard was wife of "Reimont Blondiau" and mother of "Symon dou Four"[485].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Symon dou Four et Johan dou Four" as the two sons of "Reymont Blondiau" & his wife, and gives details of their wives and children[486]m RAYMOND Blondiau

6.         SIBYLLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Hue, Phelippe, Johan et Gui, et Odiart, et Sebille, et Havys" as the children of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas" & his wife, specifying that Sibylle married "Johan de Morf" and was mother of "Lorens dou Morf"[487].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gui, Lorens et Ysabeau" as the three children of "Johan de Morf" & his wife, and gives details of their spouses and children[488]m JEAN de Morpho, son of ---. 

7.         HAVISE .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Hue, Phelippe, Johan et Gui, et Odiart, et Sebille, et Havys" as the children of "Renaut le chamberlain dou reiaume et frere de Rohart seigneur de Cayphas" & his wife, specifying that Havise married "Daniel de Mallenbec, fiz de Gobert, qui esteit frere dou grant Daniel" and had two daughters "Marguerite…feme de Johan de Flori…mareschal de Thabarie et Linnor [feme] de son frere Gilebert"[489].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names the children of these two daughters[490]m DANIEL de Mallenbec, son of GOBERT de Mallenbec & his wife ---. 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS of CAIPHAS (POULAIN)

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY Poulain, son of --- (-before 4 May 1250)m as her first husband, HELVIS de Caiphas, daughter of ROHART Lord of Caiphas & his wife Aiglantine of Nephim.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvis et Aalis et Agnes" as the children of Rohart, son of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas" & his wife, stating that Helvis married "Joffroi Poulain" and was Lady of Caiphas[491].  She married secondly (before 4 May 1250) García Álvarez.  "Garssie Alvarez dominus de Cayphas" donated property to the church of Mount Thabor, with the consent of "uxoris Heluis", by charter dated 4 May 1250[492].  Geoffroy Poulain & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         GILLES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gile et Rohart" as the children of "Joffroi Poulain" and his wife, stating that he was Lord of Caiphas[493]m MARGUERITE de Brie, daughter of JEAN de Brie & his wife Alix Chappe.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite la fille Johan de Brie" as the wife of Gilles Lord of Caiphas, son of "Joffroi Poulain" and his wife[494].  Another manuscript of the Lignages d'Outremer sets out her descent from Manassès de Hierges, constable of Jerusalem[495].  Gilles & his wife had three children: 

i)          GEOFFROY .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Joffroi et Rohart, et Helvis" as the children of Gilles Lord of Caiphas, son of "Joffroi Poulain" and his wife[496]m --- Beduine, daughter of JEAN Beduin & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Beduine, la fille de Johan Beduin" as the wife of Geoffroy, son of Gilles Lord of Caiphas[497]

(a)       GILLES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gile et Marguerite" as the children of Geoffroy, son of Gilles Lord of Caiphas[498]m PHILIPPA, daughter of JEAN d'Antioch Marshal of Cyprus & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Phelippe, la fille Johan d'Antioche, le mareschal de Chipre" as the wife of Gilles, son of Geoffroy of Caiphas[499]

(b)       MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gile et Marguerite" as the children of Geoffroy, son of Gilles Lord of Caiphas, stating that Marguerite married "Thomas de Giblet"[500]m THOMAS de Giblet, son of ---. 

ii)         ROHART .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Joffroi et Rohart, et Helvis" as the children of Gilles Lord of Caiphas, son of "Joffroi Poulain" and his wife[501]m firstly ALICIA, daughter of PIETRO da Gloria, from Pisa, & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis, la fille Pierre de Gloire qui estoit Pisan" as the wife of Rohart, son of Gilles Lord of Caiphas[502]m secondly BEATRIX, daughter of --- de Pécquigny & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Beatris, la fille de Pinquegni" as the second wife of Rohart, son of Gilles Lord of Caiphas[503].  Rohart & his first wife had three children: 

(a)       GILLES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gile, Phelippe et Marguerite" as the children of Rohart, son of Gilles Lord of Caiphas, & his first wife[504]

(b)       PHILIPPE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gile, Phelippe et Marguerite" as the children of Rohart, son of Gilles Lord of Caiphas, & his first wife[505]

(c)       MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gile, Phelippe et Marguerite" as the children of Rohart, son of Gilles Lord of Caiphas, & his first wife[506]

iii)        HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Joffroi et Rohart, et Helvis" as the children of Gilles Lord of Caiphas, son of "Joffroi Poulain" and his wife, stating that Helvis married "Hue, le seignor dou Radouf"[507]m HUGUES Lord of Radouf, son of ---. 

b)         ROHART .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gile et Rohart" as the children of "Joffroi Poulain" and his wife[508]

c)         [AIGLANTINE .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Aigletine, la fille au seignor de Cayphas" as wife of "Anciau", son of "Johan [de Brie]"[509].  Although her father is not named in this passage, it would be chronologically consistent for Aiglantine to have been the daughter of Geoffroy Poulain as the latter's older son Gilles is recorded in the same text as having married Anseau's sister.  The same passage records Anseau's descent from Manassès de Hierges, constable of Jerusalem.  m ANSEAU de Brie, son of JEAN de Brie & his wife Alix de Chappe.] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    LORDS of HEBRON

 

 

1.         GERARD d'Avesnes (-killed in battle mid-1102).  He was installed as Lord of Hebron by Godefroi de Bouillon in Mar 1100.  He has not been linked to the family of the Seigneurs d'Avesnes (see the document NORTHERN FRANCE).  Lord of St Abraham.  Albert of Aix records that "Gerhardum de præsidio Avennis" was sent as a gift to "duci christianissimo Iherusalem", after having been presumed killed at Assur, and was invested with "castello…ad sanctum Abraham", dated to 1099 from the context[510].  Albert of Aix names "…Gerhardus de Avennis…" among those killed in battle in a campaign led by Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, dated to mid-1102 from the context[511]

 

 

RENAUD de Châtillon, son of --- (-beheaded Hattin [Jul/Aug] 1187).  The parentage of Renaud is uncertain.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Raynaldus de Castellione super Wainum fluviolum" when recording his arrival at Antioch and marriage to "uxor…relictam principis Raymundi"[512].  William of Tyre names him "Rainaldus de Castellione"[513].  He was installed as RENAUD Prince of Antioch on his marriage in 1153, by right of his wife.  After his release from captivity in 1175, he was installed as Lord of Hebron and Montréal: "Rainaldus, quondam Antioochiæ princeps, nunc vero Hebronensis et Montis Regalis dominus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Stephaniæ uxoris eiusque filiorum", by charter dated Nov 1177[514].  A charter dated 1180 records the donation by "Reginaldus quondam princeps Anthiochensis…Montisregalis et Hebron dominus" of property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "uxor mea Stephania…et Hanfredi prefate dominie Stephanie filii et uxoris eius Elisabeth filie regis Jerusalem"[515].  He attacked a Muslim caravan making its way from Cairo to Palestine at end 1186, which put an end to the four-year truce signed by Raymond Count of Tripoli the previous year[516].  He was personally beheaded by Saladin after being captured[517]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    LORDS of JAFFA

 

 

 

A.      LORDS of JAFFA (du PUISET)

 

 

HUGUES du Puiset, son of HUGUES [I] du Puiset “Blavons” Vicomte de Chartres & his wife Alix de Montlhéry (-[1118]).  Guardian of his nephew Hugues III du Puiset 1097-1106.  He arrived in the kingdom of Jerusalem after 1106 and acquired land in Jaffa.  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers, among which "in terra de Ascalona…Casale" by "Hugo de Puzath", by charter dated 28 Sep 1110[518].  Jaffa was elevated to the status of a lordship in 1118 by Baudouin II King of Jerusalem, and he was installed as Lord of Jaffa.  Jaffa was the second most important port of the kingdom and the usual place of arrival of pilgrims. 

m as her first husband, MABILE de Roucy, daughter of EBLES [II] Comte de Roucy & his wife Sibylle of Apulia .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Wiscardus et Thomas et Hugo congnomento Cholez et filie" as children of "Ebalo comite de Roceio", specifying that one daughter (unnamed, mentioned first) married "Hugoni de Puisat" by whom she had "Hugonem de Gata"[519].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "Hugoni de Puisato" as sister of "Wichardum de Rocheio et comitem Hugonem Cholet"[520].  William of Tyre names the wife of Hugues du Puiset "Mamilia filia domini Hugonis Cholet comitis de Ruci[521], but this appears to be incorrect.  After her husband's death, she married ([1118/19]) Albert de Namur.   William of Tyre records the marriage of "fratri comitis Namura" and his installation to succeed his wife's first husband as Lord of Jaffa[522]

Hugues & his wife had one child: 

1.         HUGUES du Puiset (-after Jul 1134).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names “alterum Hugonem” as son of "Hugoni de Puisato" & his wife[523].  He was left in Apulia when his parents left for Palestine, but after they died he followed and was installed as Lord of Jaffa in [1122] after the death of his stepfather[524].  "Balyanus Joppensis constabularius" donated property to the church of St Jean, Nablus, with the consent of "Hugonis Joppensis consulis", by charter dated May 1122[525].  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem granted privileges to the Venetians by charter dated 2 May 1125, subscribed by "…Honfrodus de Corone, Guido de Miliaco, Radulfus de Fontanellis, Goffredus Tortus, Rainerius de Bruso, Guido Lidensis dominus, Guipertus de Caipha…Guilielmus de Buris, Tyberiadis…Ugo Joppensis dominus, Gualterius Brisebarre, Beritti dominus, Eustachius Granerius…"[526].  "Barisanus constabularius Joppensis" donated "casale Algie in territorio Ascalonis" to the Hospitallers, with the consent of "Hugonis domini Joppensis, et Emmæ uxoris", by charter dated 17 Jan 1126[527].  "…Wido de Puteolo…" subscribed the charter dated 1127 under which "Balianus miles" donated property to St Marie, Josaphat[528].  There were rumours that he was the lover of Mélisende Queen of Jerusalem.  "…Hugo Ioppensis dominus…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1128 under which "Balduinus…rex Iherusalem Latinorum secundus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing second among the subscribers after the king's daughter[529].  He was challenged to a duel by his stepson Walter Garnier in 1132, but escaped to Ascalon where he sought protection from the Egyptian garrison.  He was returned to Jaffa, where his vassal Balian of Ibelin turned against him and surrendered him to Foulques King of Jerusalem.  "Hugo II Joppensis…" subscribed a charter of "Adelicia filia Balduini II regis vidua Bohemundi II" dated Jul 1134[530].  He was permitted to go into exile to the court of Roger II King of Sicily where he died soon after[531]m ([1123]) as her second husband, EMMA, widow of EUSTACHE Garnier, niece of ARNOUL de Choques Patriarch of Jerusalem, daughter of --- (-after Oct 1126).  Both her marriages are confirmed by the charter dated 1116 which relates that "post obitum Eustachii…dominam Emmam uxorem…Eustachii" donated the abbey of Quarantene to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "filiis suis Eustachio et Galterio" by the hands of "viri sui domni Hugonis principis Ioppe"[532].  "Barisanus constabularius Joppensis" donated "casale Algie in territorio Ascalonis" to the Hospitallers, with the consent of "Hugonis domini Joppensis, et Emmæ uxoris", by charter dated 17 Jan 1126[533].  "Eustachius Granerius II" donated property to the church of St. Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Papiæ uxoris", by charter dated Oct 1126, subscribed by "Emma comitissa mater Granerii II" and written by "Walterio fratre supradicti Granerii"[534]

 

 

 

B.      COUNT of JAFFA (JERUSALEM-ANJOU)

 

 

AMAURY of Jerusalem, son of FOULQUES King of Jerusalem Comte d'Anjou & his second wife Mélisende Queen of Jerusalem (1136-Jerusalem 11 Jul 1174).  His parentage is specified by William of Tyre, who records him as the younger son aged 7 when his father died[535].  His mother installed him as Count of Jaffa before 1151[536].  His brother installed him as Lord of Ascalon after the city surrendered in Aug 1153[537].  He succeeded his brother in 1162 as AMAURY I King of Jerusalem

Children: 

1.         SIBYLLE of Jerusalem ([1160]-Acre [Sep/21 Oct] 1190).  William of Tyre names her and records her parentage[538], specifying that she was her parents' older child born before her father's accession[539].  On the death of her son in 1186, she was proclaimed SIBYLLE Queen of Jerusalemm firstly (Oct 1176) GUGLIELMO "Lungaspada" di Monferrato, son of GUGLIELMO V "il Vecchio" Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Judith of Austria [Babenberg] ([1135/45]-Jun 1177).  William of Tyre names him "dominus Willelmus marcho cognominatus Longaspata filius marchionis Willelmi senioris de Monteferrato" when recording his landing at Sidon in Oct 1176, his marriage a few days later, and installation as Count of Jaffa and Ascalon[540].  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed an exchange of property with the prior of the church of the Holy Sepulchre by charter dated 1177, subscribed by "Willelmus Marchisius, comes Ascalonensis et Joppensis"[541]m secondly (Apr 1180) GUY de Lusignan, son of HUGUES VIII "le Brun" Sire de Lusignan & Bourgogne de Rançon (-1194 after 18 Aug, bur Nicosia).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridum, Henricum regem Cypri et Guidonem regem Ierosolimorum" as brothers of "Hugo de Lisegnen"[542], although there appears to be some confusion in the text about which "Hugues" this refers to.  William of Tyre names him as son of "Hugonis Bruni" when recording his arrival in Palestine in [1179] and marriage[543].  While still living in France, Guy was proposed by his brother Amaury, who had by then already acquired a position of influence in the kingdom of Jerusalem, as the husband of Sibylle heiress of Jerusalem after the death of her first husband.  Guy arrived in Palestine in 1179, and was installed as Count of Jaffa and Ascalon on his marriage[544].  "Guido Joppensis et Ascalonitanus comes…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Mar 1181 under which Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem granted property to the abbot of Mount Tabor[545].  King Baudouin IV appointed him as regent of Jerusalem in 1182 after the king fell ill at Nazareth, although the king retained personal control over the city of Jerusalem.  After her own coronation, his wife crowned her husband as GUY I King of Jerusalem

2.         other children: -   KINGS of JERUSALEM

 

 

 

C.      COUNT of JAFFA (BRIENNE)

 

 

1.         GAUTHIER [IV] de Brienne, son of GAUTHIER [III] de Brienne Principe di Tarento & his wife Elvira of Sicily (posthumously 1205 after 11 Jul-murdered Cairo [18 Oct 1244/1247]).  The Thomas Tusci Gesta Imperatorum et Pontificum names "Galteranus comes Iopensis" as son of "comes Gualterius de Brenna, frater regis" & his wife[546]Count of Jaffa.  "Galterus comes Brene" donated property to Basse-Fontaine by charter dated Nov 1227[547], which can only refer to Gauthier [IV].  He tried unsuccessfully to retake the Duchy of Athens from the Catalan Company in 1231, his failure due in large part to the neutrality adopted by Venice in the conflict[548].  He took part in the civil war in Cyprus against the supporters of Emperor Friedrich I King of Germany.  He fought at the battle of Gaza 18 Oct 1244, but was captured and taken in chains to Cairo[549].  Matthew of Paris records that "nobilis comes Gualterus" was held in squalor in a Saracen prison and done to death[550].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death [in 1250, from the context] of "Conte Galtier, marito della sorella del re Henrico de Cypro" who had been "in preson di Saracini, preso a la battaglia de Forbie"[551]

-        COMTES de BRIENNE, CONTI di LECCE.

 

 

 

D.      COUNT and LORDS of JAFFA (IBELIN)

 

 

JEAN Ibelin, son of PHILIPPE Ibelin of Rama & his second wife Alix de Montbéliard ([1210/15]-Nicosia 7 Dec 1266, bur Nicosia, Dominican Church).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "une fille Marie…et un fiz Johan" as children of "Phelippe…bailli de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Jean was "conte de Japhe"[552].  "Johannes de Ybelino, dominus Berithi et Johannes dominus Cæsareæ" guaranteed the sale of property to the Knights Hospitallers by "Johannes de Ybelino, filius defuncti Philippi de Ybelino" by charter dated Apr 1232 addressed to "Aelisia comitissa, uxore quondam Philippi de Ybelino, eiusque filia Maria"[553].  "Johan d'Ybelin le nevo dou sire de Barut" is named by William of Tyre (Continuator) who says he was "le chevetaine de ceauz dou gait" in 1232[554].  In Palestine until Apr 1232, he fought at the battle of Agridi in Cyprus in 1232.  He was probably in Armenia for much of the time between 1234 and 1247.  He was invested with the Barony of Jaffa before 1247, after the disappearance in captivity of Gauthier de Brienne Count of Jaffa, confirmed 1253 by Pope Innocent IV after which he styled himself Count of Jaffa and Ascalon.  Pope Innocent IV confirmed the grant of the county of Jaffa and Askalon to "Johanni de Ibelino, comiti Joppensi et domno Rametensi" for the foundation of a convent in Nicosia, by charter dated 26 Mar 1252[555].  He was appointed bailli of Jerusalem 1254-1256.  He negotiated a treaty with Sultan Baibars in 1256, renewed in 1262 and 1266[556].  He was the author of the Assizes of Jerusalem[557].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 7 Dec, in 1266 from the context, of "messer Joan de Iblim"[558].  The Chronicle attributed to King Hethum II records that "the count of Jaffa, Sir Chuan" died in [14 Jan 1266/13 Jan 1267][559].  

m ([1237]) KALAMARIA of Barba'ron, daughter of CONSTANTINE Lord of Barba'ron [Armenia-Hethum] & his second wife Alix of Lampron [Armenia-Hethum] (-Lampron [15 Jan 1263/14 Jan 1264], bur Sgebra).  Rüdt-Collenberg cites a colophon of Yovhanes the bishop which names "Beatrice (mother), and Sempad, Hethum, Oshin, Basil, Leo, Vacaghk, Kalamarie, Stephanie and Hripsimeh, virgin (brothers and sisters), Philipp and Mariam Ibelin (children of Kalamarie)"[560].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Costans…connestable et…baill de la terre" and record that the daughters "dou baill" were married "…l'autre a Johan de Ybelin…conte de Japhe"[561].  Another manuscript of the Lignages clarifies that she was "Marie, la fille Constans, le baill de Ermenie et seur dou roy Heiton"[562]Smbat Sparapet's Chronicle records that "the countess of Jaffa Keramar, sister of King Hetum, who had come out of sadness for her father Kostandin…died in the fortress of Lambron" and was buried in "Skewra" in [15 Jan 1263/14 Jan 1264][563]

Jean Ibelin & his wife had seven children: 

1.         JACQUES Ibelin ([1240]-18 Jun 1276).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Jaque, Johan et Gui" as the three sons of "Johan conte de Japhe & his wife"[564].  He succeeded his father in 1266 as Lord of Jaffa.  The territory was lost 3 Mar 1268, after which Jacques went to Cyprus[565]m ([1255/60]) as her first husband, MARIE de Montbéliard, widow of HUGUES Ibelin, daughter of EUDES de Montbéliard, Constable of Jerusalem & his wife Eschiva de Saint-Omer [Tiberias]. 

2.         PHILIPPE Ibelin (-after 1263).  Rüdt-Collenberg cites a colophon of Yovhanes the bishop which names "Beatrice (mother), and Sempad, Hethum, Oshin, Basil, Leo, Vacaghk, Kalamarie, Stephanie and Hripsimeh, virgin (brothers and sisters), Philipp and Mariam Ibelin (children of Kalamarie)"[566]

3.         JEAN Ibelin .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Jaque, Johan et Gui" as the three sons of "Johan conte de Japhe & his wife"[567]

4.         GUY Ibelin ([1250/55]-14 Feb 1304, bur Nicosia Cemetery).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Jaque, Johan et Gui" as the three sons of "Johan conte de Japhe & his wife"[568].  Another manuscript of the Lignages confirms that "Guiotin" was son of "Johan…conte de Japhe"[569].  Titular Count of Jaffa.  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 14 Feb, in 1304 from the context, of "Guido de Iblim, conte de Zaplio" and his burial "al semiterio de Nicosia"[570].  [m firstly ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  However, Guy´s estimated birth date, and the date of his marriage to his known wife, suggest the likelihood of an earlier marriage.]  m [secondly] ([1290]) MARIE Ibelin Lady of Ascalon and Naumachia, daughter of PHILIPPE Ibelin & his wife Simone de Montbéliard (-after 1324).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marie, Aalis, Helvis, Eschive et Marguerite" as the five daughters of Philippe Ibelin & his wife, stating that Marie married "Gui, le conte de Japhe"[571].  The Chronicle of Amadi names "Maria de Iblim, sorella de messer Balliam principe de Gallilea et signor de Thabarie" as wife of "messer Guido de Iblim conte de Zapho, chiamato Piscopia"[572].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "la contessa del Zapho et de Ascalona et dama de Rames, madama Maria de Iblim" and "le sue doe sorelle…madama Alisa moglie di messer Galtier de Bessan, dama de Colletta, et madama Eschiva, dama di S. Nicolò, moglie de messer Galtier Dampiere" were "retained at the royal court…and imprisoned in the house of the Lord of Tyre"[573].  Guy Ibelin & his second wife had five children: 

a)         PHILIPPE Ibelin (before 1293-Kerynia [1315/16], bur Saint-Antoine).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe, Hue, Balian et Marie" as the four children of "Gui…conte de Japhe" & his wife[574].  The Chronicle of Amadi names "un suo fiolo, el primogenitor…Phelippo" as son of "messer Guido de Iblim conte de Zapho, chiamato Piscopia" & his wife[575].  Titular Count of Jaffa.  He was a supporter of Amaury of Cyprus Lord of Tyre.  The Chronicle of Amadi names "messer Philippo de Iblim el giovene, messer Joan de Iblim suo fratello" among those who submitted after Amaury Prince of Tyre was murdered[576], the record in the same source of his brother Jean (see below) showing that "messer Philippo de Iblim el giovene" is identified as the count of Jaffa.  The Chronicle of Amadi records a letter from the Constable of Cyprus in 1310 to the knights of Famagusta, among whom "messer Ague de Bessan, capitanio de Famagusta in loco de monsignor el re, messer Ruppin de Monforte…Chemerin de Lusignan figliolo del potente re de Hierusalem et Cypro de la bona memorie, contestabile del ditto reame de Cypro, Balin de Iblim principe di Galilea et signor de Thabaria, Hugo de Iblim, Philippo de Iblim conte del Zapho, Galtier de Bessan, Philippo de Iblim…"[577].  He was arrested after the return of Henri II King of Cyprus, and imprisoned in the caves of Kerynia where he was starved to death[578].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "messer Philippo de Iblim conte de Zapho et de Ascalona et signor de Rames" died in the caves of Kerynia, in 1315/16 from the context, and his burial "a Santo Antonio"[579]m (general Papal dispensation 16 Jul 1307, [1307/10]) ---.  The name of Philippe's wife is not known.  The dispensation issued by Pope Clement V for the marriage of "Philippe Ibelin filius quondam Guidonis comitis Joppensis" and "aliqua de Cipro vel Armeniæ" is dated 16 Jul 1307[580].  Philippe & his wife had one child: 

i)          HUGUES Ibelin (-after 1335).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Justiciarius of Sicily 1330-1335[581]m (before 1330) ELISABETH, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

b)         JEAN Ibelin (-Kerynia [1315/16], bur Saint-Antoine).  The Chronicle of Amadi names "messer Philippo de Iblim el giovene, messer Joan de Iblim suo fratello" among those who submitted after Amaury Prince of Tyre was murdered[582].  He was arrested in Cyprus as a supporter of Amaury and imprisoned in the caves of Kerynia where he was allowed to starve to death[583].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "messer Joan de Iblim, fratello de messer Philippo conte de Zapho" died in the caves of Kerynia, in 1315/16 from the context, and his burial "a Santo Antonio"[584]

c)         MARIE Ibelin (1294-before 1318).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe, Hue, Balian et Marie" as the four children of "Gui…conte de Japhe" & his wife[585]The Lignages d'Outremer name "Maria, figliola de Guido de Iblin conte del Zappho" as first wife of "Hugo, figliolo de Guido de Lusignan…re de Gerusalem e Cypro"[586]The dispensation issued by Pope Clement V for the marriage of "Philippe Ibelin filius quondam Guidonis comitis Joppensis" and "aliqua de Cipro vel Armeniæ", and of "aliquis de Cipro vel Armeniæ" and "Marie Ibelin, soror prædicti Philippi, Paphens", is dated 16 Jul 1307[587]m (general Papal dispensation 16 Jul 1307, [1307/10]) as his first wife, HUGUES of Cyprus, son of GUY of Cyprus & his wife Eschiva Ibelin-Beirut (-10 Oct 1359).  He succeeded in 1324 as HUGUES IV King of Cyprus

d)         HUGUES Ibelin ([1295/1300]-before 10 May 1349).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe, Hue, Balian et Marie" as the four children of "Gui…conte de Japhe" & his wife[588].  Titular Count of Jaffa before 1320.  He was appointed Seneschal of Jerusalem.  He supported his stepson, Infante don Fernando de Mallorca, in the latter's quarrel with his father-in-law Hugues IV King of Cyprus, resulting in the confiscation of his assets in 1342[589]m (Papal dispensation 18 Mar 1320) as her second husband, ISABELLE Ibelin, widow of Infante don FERNANDO de Mallorca, daughter of PHILIPPE Ibelin, Seneschal of Cyprus & his second wife Marie de Giblet (1300-after 1342).  The dispensation issued by Pope John XXII for the marriage of "nobilis vir Huguetus comes Jaffensis" and "Isabella Ibelin filia Philippi quondam seneshalli Cypri" is dated 18 Mar 1320[590].  Hugues Ibelin & his wife had [two children]: 

i)          [BALIAN Ibelin (-before 1352).  Mentioned as Count of Jaffa in 1349[591].] 

ii)         [GUY Ibelin (-before 1365).  Mentioned in 1352 in the Papal dispensation for the marriage of his son as Count of Jaffa.  m ---.  The name of Guy's wife is not known.  Guy & his wife had [three] children: 

(a)       BALIAN Ibelin m (Papal dispensation 8 Nov 1352, corrected 25 Jul 1353) MARGUERITE Ibelin, daughter of [BALIAN Ibelin of Arsur & his wife Marguerite Ibelin].  The dispensation issued by Pope Clement VI for the marriage of "Balian Ibelin filius Joppensis comitis domicellus" and "Marguerite Ibelin domicella" is dated 8 Nov 1352[592]

(b)       [JEAN Ibelin (-after 1367).  As "Count of Jaffa", he took part in naval attacks on the Syrian coast 1365-1367[593].] 

(c)       [MARIE Ibelin (before 1245-before [1367])m (Papal dispensation 7 Oct 1358) RENIER Le Petit, son of SIMON Le Petit & his [first/second] wife [Eschiva de Giblet/Marie de Carpas] (-after 1375).  As "Count of Jaffa", he was ambassador in 1372/73[594].] 

e)         BALIAN Ibelin ([1298/1300]-).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe, Hue, Balian et Marie" as the four children of "Gui…conte de Japhe" & his wife[595]m firstly (Papal dispensation 27 Jul 1322) JEANNE de Montfort, daughter of RUPEN de Montfort & his wife Isabelle Ibelin (-before 1325).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hanfroi et Johanne" as the two children of "Rupin de Monfort" and his wife[596].  The dispensation issued by Pope John XXII for the marriage of "Balivus Ibelin Jaffa" and "Jeannette de Montfort" is dated 27 Jul 1322[597]m secondly (1325, Papal dispensation 1 Aug 1329) as her second husband, MARGUERITE du Four, widow of HENRI de Novaire, daughter of JEAN du Four & his wife ---.  The dispensation issued by Pope John XXII for the marriage of "Balian Ibelin filius quondam Guidonis comitis Joppensis, Nicosiensis" and "nobilis mulier Marguerite Dufour filia Johannis de Furno militis vidua Henrici de Novara, Nicosiensis" is dated 13 Aug 1329[598].  Balian Ibelin & his second wife had --- children:

i)          ---.  Children are mentioned in the 1329 Papal dispensation for the marriage of their parents[599]

5.         MARGUERITE Ibelin (-after 1319).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite, Ysabeau et Marie" as the three daughters of "Johan conte de Japhe & his wife", stating that Marguerite was nun and abbess of "Nostre Dame de Sur a Nicossie"[600].  The Chronicle of Amadi names "signora Margarita" as sister of "messer Guido de Iblim conte de Zapho, chiamato Piscopia"[601].  Abbess of the convent of Notre-Dame la Grande at Jerusalem by 1300, transferred to Tyre, later to the convent of Notre-Dame at Nicosia.  The Chronicle of Amadi names "la sora Margarita de Iblim…figlia del conte Joan del Zapho" as "abbadessa della Nostra Dama mazor de Hierusalem"[602]The Chronicle of Amadi records that her convent was attacked in 1310 as she was suspected of sheltering Simon de Montolive, the murderer of Amaury of Cyprus Lord of Tyre[603]

6.         ISABELLE Ibelin ([1250]-after 1298).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite, Ysabeau et Marie" as the three daughters of "Johan conte de Japhe & his wife", stating that Isabelle married "le sire de la Roche en Ermenie"[604].  The dispensation issued by Pope Boniface VIII for the marriage of "Sempad de Botha Mamistranæ diocesis" and "Isabella Ibelin filia quondam G. comitis Joppensis" is dated 10 Oct 1298[605]m ([1270], Papal dispensation 10 Oct 1298) SEMPAD of Saravantikar, son of DJOFFREY Lord of Saravantikar [Armenia-Hethum] & his [first/second] wife --- (-after 1298)

7.         MARIE Ibelin ([1250/55]-after 1298).  Rüdt-Collenberg cites a colophon of Yovhanes the bishop which names "Beatrice (mother), and Sempad, Hethum, Oshin, Basil, Leo, Vacaghk, Kalamarie, Stephanie and Hripsimeh, virgin (brothers and sisters), Philipp and Mariam Ibelin (children of Kalamarie)"[606].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite, Ysabeau et Marie" as the three daughters of "Johan conte de Japhe & his wife", stating that Marie married "baron Vahram, le sire dou Hamous"[607].  The dispensation issued by Pope Boniface VIII for the marriage of "Grégoire Ladif, Tarsens. diocesis" and "Isabella Ibelin soror…Mariæ [filia quondam G. comitis Joppensis]" is dated 10 Oct 1298[608]m firstly ([1269/70]) as his second wife, VAHRAN of Hamus, son of --- (-killed Sis [1270/71]).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 10 Oct 1298) GREGORIOS Ladif, son of [VAHRAN Ladif & his wife ---] (-after 1298). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    LORDS of NABLUS [NAPLOUSE]

 

 

 

A.      LORDS of NABLUS

 

 

Brother and sister, parents not known: 

1.         PAYENLord of Nablus.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "sire Paien" as uncle of "mesire Phelippe de Naples…Henri le Bufle, et…Gui", specifying that he was "boutillier et seignor de Naples" and died without heirs[609]

2.         STEPHANIE (-after 3 Jul 1155).  The Lignages d'Outremer state that "madame Estefenie esteit flamengue" and that "son baron aveit nom Gui le Franceis"[610].  According to the Lignages, she married "mesire Baudoyn" after the death of Guy[611].  However, the date of the marriage of their daughter Helvis suggests that Baudouin was Stephanie's first husband.  If this is correct, the couple must have been divorced as Baudouin's death is recorded after that of Guy de Milly.  Her relationship with the Ibelin family, and her first marriage, is suggested by the charter dated 14 Jan 1155 which names "Philippi…Neapolitani, Guidonis Francigene, Henrici Bubali" as "avunculorum" of "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini…"[612].  1148.  "Amalricus comes Ascalonitanus" confirmed a donation to St Lazare by "Philippus Neapolitanus", with the consent of "Ysabel uxore, Stephania matre, Rainerio filio, Helena et Stephania filiabus, Guidone Francigena et Henrico Bubalo fratribus", by charter dated 3 Jul 1155[613]m firstly (divorced) BAUDOUIN [I] Lord of Rama, son of --- (-[Feb/Dec] 1138).  m secondly ([1120]) as his second wife, GUY de Milly, son of --- (-1126). 

 

 

1.         ROHART (-after 15 Jul 1164).  "…Roardus de Neapolim" subscribed the charter dated 1155 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" confirmed the donation of "Hugonis de Hibeline…et Balduini fratri sui" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[614].  "Rohardus Neapolitanus" subscribed a charter dated 16 Mar 1160 of Baudouin III King of Jerusalem[615].  According to Rüdt-Collenberg[616], he was succeeded as Lord of Nablus in 1161 by Philippe de Milly but it is not clear from the primary sources consulted that Rohart was ever Lord of Nablus.  "…Roardus Neapolitanus…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[617]

 

 

Two possible brothers, parents not known: 

1.         GUY de Milly (-1126).  Seigneur de Gourgouce, de Bodival et de Ribeauville-en-Cambrésis.  He is first mentioned in Palestine in 1108[618]Lord of Nablus.  "…Guido de Milli…" subscribed the charter dated [1115] under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[619].  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated to [1115], including a donation by "…Wido de Miliaco…et uxoris Helisabeth…"[620].  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem granted privileges to the Venetians by charter dated 2 May 1125, subscribed by "…Honfrodus de Corone, Guido de Miliaco, Radulfus de Fontanellis, Goffredus Tortus, Rainerius de Bruso, Guido Lidensis dominus, Guipertus de Caipha…Guilielmus de Buris, Tyberiadis…Ugo Joppensis dominus, Gualterius Brisebarre, Beritti dominus, Eustachius Granerius…"[621]m firstly (before 1115) ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-[1115/20]).  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated to [1115], including a donation by "…Wido de Miliaco…et uxoris Helisabeth…"[622]m secondly ([1120]) as her second husband, STEPHANIE, divorced wife of BAUDOUIN Lord of Rama, sister of PAYEN Lord of Nablus, daughter of --- (-after 3 Jul 1155).  The Lignages d'Outremer state that "madame Estefenie esteit flamengue" and that "son baron aveit nom Gui le Franceis"[623].  Her relationship with the Ibelin family, and her first marriage, is suggested by the charter dated 14 Jan 1155 which names "Philippi…Neapolitani, Guidonis Francigene, Henrici Bubali" as "avunculorum" of "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini…"[624].  1148.  "Amalricus comes Ascalonitanus" confirmed a donation to St Lazare by "Philippus Neapolitanus", with the consent of "Ysabel uxore, Stephania matre, Rainerio filio, Helena et Stephania filiabus, Guidone Francigena et Henrico Bubalo fratribus", by charter dated 3 Jul 1155[625].  Guy & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         GUY de Milly (-after 16 Jul 1164).  "…Philippus Neopolitanus, Guido frater eius, Francigena…" subscribed the charter dated 27 Jun 1155 under which "Balduinus…Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[626].  Presumably this epithet indicates that Guy was born in France, before his father left for Palestine, and had recently arrived in Palestine.  In this case, he was the eldest son and born from his father's first marriage.  However, "Philippi…Neapolitani, Guidonis Francigene, Henrici Bubali" are referred to as "avunculorum" of "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini…" in a charter dated 14 Jan 1155[627].  This suggests that Stephanie of Rama was the mother of all three sons.  This is apparently confirmed by the Lignages d'Outremer which name "mesire Phelippe de Naples…Henri le Bufle, et…Gui" as the three sons of "Gui le Franceis" and his wife "Estefenie"[628].  "…Guido Francigena senescallus…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[629].  A charter dated 1180 records earlier donations by "Guidonem de Miliaco…dominus Philippus Neapolitanus dominusque Guido Francigena et dominus Henricus Bubalus, predicti Guidonis filii" and the present donation by "Reginaldus quondam princeps Anthiochensis…Montisregalis et Hebron dominus" of property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "uxor mea Stephania"[630]

Guy & his second wife had two children:

b)         PHILIPPE de Milly (-1170 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "mesire Phelippe de Naples…Henri le Bufle, et…Gui" as the three sons of "Gui le Franceis" and his wife "Estefenie"[631].  "…Philippus filius Guidonis de Milli…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[632].  William of Tyre records "Philippus Neapolitanus" among the magnates in Palestine present at the council held at Acre recorded under 1148[633].  William of Tyre records "Philippus Neapolitanus" among the magnates in Palestine present at the siege of Ascalon in 1153[634].  "Philippi…Neapolitani, Guidonis Francigene, Henrici Bubali" are referred to as "avunculorum" of "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini…" in a charter dated 14 Jan 1155[635].  "…Philippus Neopolitanus, Guido frater eius, Francigena…" subscribed the charter dated 27 Jun 1155 under which "Balduinus…Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[636].  "…Philippus Neapolitanus…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[637].  A charter dated 1180 records earlier donations by "Guidonem de Miliaco…dominus Philippus Neapolitanus dominusque Guido Francigena et dominus Henricus Bubalus, predicti Guidonis filii" and the present donation by "Reginaldus quondam princeps Anthiochensis…Montisregalis et Hebron dominus" of property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "uxor mea Stephania"[638].  "Philippus Neapolitanus et Henricus frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated 1155 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" confirmed the donation of "Hugonis de Hibeline…et Balduini fratri sui" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[639].  He succeeded Roard of Nablus, Châtelain of Jerusalem, as Lord of Nablus in 1161[640].  He supported Melisende Queen of Jerusalem in her dispute with her son King Baudouin III in 1152.  He exchanged Nablus for Oultrejourdain 31 Jul 1161[641].  The Lignages d'Outremer state that the king granted "le Crac de Montreal et Saint Abraham" to Philippe de Milly, except the service of "mesire Johan Goumans" which he retained for himself, in exchange for Nablus, dated to 31 Jul 1161[642]

-        LORDS of OULTREJOURDAIN

c)         HENRI de Milly "Bubalus" (-after 16 Jul 1164).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "mesire Phelippe de Naples…Henri le Bufle, et…Gui" as the three sons of "Gui le Franceis" and his wife "Estefenie"[643].  In another passage, the Lignages d'Outremer record that "Henri le Bufle" was "seignor dou Bouquiau et de tote la terre dou Ssaor"[644].  "Philippus Neapolitanus et Henricus frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated 1155 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" confirmed the donation of "Hugonis de Hibeline…et Balduini fratri sui" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[645].  "Philippi…Neapolitani, Guidonis Francigene, Henrici Bubali" are referred to as "avunculorum" of "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini…" in a charter dated 14 Jan 1155[646].  A charter dated 1180 records earlier donations by "Guidonem de Miliaco…dominus Philippus Neapolitanus dominusque Guido Francigena et dominus Henricus Bubalus, predicti Guidonis filii" and the present donation by "Reginaldus quondam princeps Anthiochensis…Montisregalis et Hebron dominus" of property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "uxor mea Stephania"[647].  "…Henricus Bubalus…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[648]m AGNES Garnier of Sidon, daughter of [EUSTACHE [II] Garnier Lord of Sidon & his wife Papia ---].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the wife of "Henri le Bufle" was "la suer de Renaut seigneur de Seete"[649], although this appears unlikely to be correct assuming the estimated marriage date in [1138] of Renaud's supposed parents.  Another manuscript of the Lignages names "Girart et Gautier, et Agnes qui espousa Henri le Bufle" as the three children of "Huistace Garnier…sire de Cesaire" and his wife "Heimeline, la niesse dou patriarche Ernoul de Jerusalem"[650], referring from the context to Eustache [I].  However, this is clearly improbable from a chronological point of view.  The most probable solution is that Agnes was the daughter of Eustache [II], the Lignages confusing the father with the son.  Henri & his wife had four children: 

i)          HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the eldest daughter of "Henri le Bufle" & his wife married "André de Bessan", by whom she had one son "Gremont qui fu pere de Baudoyn et de cestui Thibaut de Bessan", and state in a later passage that she inherited "Saint Jorge de Labaene et les casaus que Thibaut tient ores" on the death of her father[651]m ADAM Lord of Bethsan, son of GREMONT [I] Lord of Bethsan & his wife Marguerite of Beirut (-before 24 Nov 1179). 

ii)         STEPHANIE (-after 1197).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the second daughter of "Henri le Bufle" & his wife was wife firstly "dou seignor dou Boutron", who died without heirs, and secondly of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit", and state in a later passage that she inherited "Mergelcolon et Gedin et les autres casaus que thomassin de Cesaire tient ores" on the death of her father and gave these properties to her daughter Pavie[652]William of Tyre names "Guillaume Dorel Sire de Botron le quel avoit eu a espose Stephanie…fille de Henri le Bufle que Hue de Gybelet esposa puis la mort de Guillaume Dorel"[653]The Lignages d'Outremer confirm her parentage when they name "Plaissence…fille de Hue de Gibelet et de Estefenie segonde fille de Henri de Bufle" as the wife of "le prince Borgne"[654].  1179.  The Chronicle of Ernoul records "une…dame avoist esté de Gibelet" at Tripoli and that her town was returned to her after the death of Saladin [in 1197][655]m firstly GUILLAUME Dorel Lord of Boutron, son of ---.  m secondly (before 1179) HUGUES [III] Embriaco Lord of Jebail, son of HUGUES [II] Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife --- (-1186 or after). 

iii)        AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the third daughter of "Henri le Bufle" & his wife was wife "dou conte Jocelin", and in a later passage that she inherited "Montfort et le Chastiau dou roy et la terre que les Alemans tienent" on the death of her father[656].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names her Agnes, stating that her dowry was "le Chastiau dou Roy et Monfort"[657]m ([1170/75]) JOSCELIN [III] de Courtenay, son of JOSCELIN [II] de Courtenay Count of Edessa & his wife Beatrice --- (-before 1200). 

iv)       SIBILLE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m EUSTACHE le Petit, son of ---. 

2.         [RAOUL de Milly (-after 1112).  He donated land in Calabria to the convent of St Josaphat before 1112[658].] 

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de NABLUS

 

 

Two brothers.  Their parents are not known, but both the names Ulric (Olry) and Pierre are found in the family of the Comtes de Brixey (see the document UPPER LOTHARINGIA NOBILITY), which may suggest a family connection. 

 

1.         ULRIC (-[1151/55]).  Vicomte of Nablus.  "Baronum:…Ulricus vicecomes Neapolitanus…" subscribed the charter dated to [1115] under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[659].  "Ulricus vicecomes Neapolitanus…" subscribed the charter dated 31 Jan 1120 under which Baudouin II King of Jerusalem confirmed the privileges of the church of St Marie, Josaphat[660].  "…Hulricus Niapolis vicecomes" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1128 under which "Balduinus…rex Iherusalem Latinorum secundus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing fourth among the subscribers[661].  "Hulricus vicecomes Neapolitanus, Petrus frater eius" subscribed a charter dated 1130 under which "Romanus de Podio, Richildis uxor" and others donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[662].  "…Ulricus Neapolis vicecomes" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[663].  "…Orricus Neapolis vicecomes, Balduinus filius eius…" subscribed the charter dated 1151 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[664]m ---.  The name of Ulric's wife is not known.  Ulric & his wife had one child: 

a)         BAUDOUIN (-after 16 Jul 1164).  "…Orricus Neapolis vicecomes, Balduinus filius eius…" subscribed the charter dated 1151 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[665]Vicomte de Nablus.  "…Balduinus vicecomes Neapolitanus…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[666].  [same person as…?  BAUDOUIN "de Insula" .  "…Balduinus de Insula…" subscribed the charter dated 13 Jul 1155 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted property previously granted to "Eustachius Ganerius…Galterius predicti Eustachii filius" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[667].  It is not known whether "Balduinus de Insula" was the son of Ulric de Nablus.  However, references to Ulric have not been found after 1151 when he was named with his son, which may indicate that the latter was assuming his role in Palestine.]  m ISABELLE, daughter of --- (-after 17 Nov 1178).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[668].  Baudouin & his wife had nine children: 

i)          AMAURY (-after [Jan/Jun] 1187)Vicomte de Nablus.  "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "mee uxoris Theophanie et mei fratris Raginaudi", by charter dated 20 Feb 1177[669].  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[670].  "…Amalricus vicecomes Neapolis…" subscribed the charter dated 1180 under which "Balianus, dominus Neapolis et Ybelini" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[671].  "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus" settled a dispute with the church of St Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Theophaniæ uxoris", by charter dated [Jan/Jun] 1187[672]m (before Nov 1175) STEPHANIE of Ibelin, daughter of BAUDOUIN of Ibelin Lord of Rama & his first wife Richilde of Bethsan (-after [Jan/Jun] 1187).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive et Estefenie" as the two daughters of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames" and his wife "Richeut…fille de Gremont de Bessan", stating that Stephanie was wife of "vesconte de Naples" by whom she had "un fiz…Reimondin, qui fu escachié dou crolle d'Accre"[673].  "Balduinus dominus Ramatensis" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Baliani fratris sui filiarum Eschivæ et Stephanie earumque maritorum Hemerici et Amalrici, vicecomitis Neapolitani", by charter dated 1175[674].  "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "mee uxoris Theophanie et mei fratris Raginaudi", by charter dated 20 Feb 1177[675].  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[676].  "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus" settled a dispute with the church of St Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Theophaniæ uxoris", by charter dated [Jan/Jun] 1187[677].  It is assumed that "Theophania" in these documents is a mistranscription for "Stephania".  Amaury & his wife had one child: 

(a)       RAYMOND (-[Acre [1191/92]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive et Estefenie" as the two daughters of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames" and his wife "Richeut…fille de Gremont de Bessan", stating that Stephanie was wife of "vesconte de Naples" by whom she had "un fiz…Reimondin, qui fu escachié dou crolle d'Accre"[678].  The latter phrase is difficult to interpret, but may indicate that he died during the siege of Acre. 

ii)         RENAUD (-after 17 Nov 1178).  "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "mee uxoris Theophanie et mei fratris Raginaudi", by charter dated 20 Feb 1177[679].  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[680]

iii)        JEAN (-after 17 Nov 1178).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[681]

iv)       ROGER (-after 17 Nov 1178).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[682]

v)        RAYMOND (-after 17 Nov 1178).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[683]

vi)       BALIAN (-after 17 Nov 1178).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[684]

vii)      MELISENDE (-after 17 Nov 1178).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[685]

viii)     GISELE (-after 17 Nov 1178).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[686]

ix)       AGNES (-after 17 Nov 1178).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[687]

2.         PIERRE (-after 1130).  "Hulricus vicecomes Neapolitanus, Petrus frater eius" subscribed a charter dated 1130 under which "Romanus de Podio, Richildis uxor" and others donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[688]

 

 

Three siblings, parents not known: 

1.         ROHART (-after 1152).  "…Roardus…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1128 under which "Balduinus…rex Iherusalem Latinorum secundus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing fourth among the subscribers[689]Vicomte of Jerusalem.  "…Rohardus Ierusalem vicecomes…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[690].  "Roardi vicecomiti eiusque uxoris Hillæ" consented to an agreement involving the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 3 Feb 1141[691].  "…Roardus vicecomes…" subscribed the charter dated 1144 under which "Balduinus…sancte Ierusalem rex Latinorum quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing second among the subscribers[692].  "…Rohardus, Radulfus Strabo…" subscribed the charter dated 1151 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[693].  "Rohardus et nepos eius Radulphus" subscribed the charter dated 1152 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[694]m HILLA, daughter of ---.  "Roardi vicecomiti eiusque uxoris Hillæ" consented to an agreement involving the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 3 Feb 1141[695].  Rohart & his wife had one child: 

a)         STEPHANIE .  Her origin and marriage are proved by the charter dated 18 Dec 1175 by which "Balduinus…dominus casalis Sancti Egidii…cum Stephania coniuge mea" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem in the presence of "Roardi castellani Ierusalem soceri mei"[696]m BAUDOUIN Lord of Saint-Gilles, son of ---. 

2.         ---.  m ---.  One child: 

a)         RAOUL ["Strabo"] .  "Rohardus et nepos eius Radulphus" subscribed the charter dated 1152 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[697].  "…Rohardus, Radulfus Strabo…" subscribed the charter dated 1151 under which "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[698]

3.         [---.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         ROHARTVicomte of Jerusalem, châtelain of the Tower of David.  "Rohardus castellanus de Turre David et vicecomes Hierosolymitanus…" subscribed a charter dated 1163 under which "Eustachius et Agnes uxor, Adam Niger et Osmunda uxor filiique Bertinus et Robertus filiaque Maholdis uxor Stefani" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[699].  "…Roardus Castellanus Ierusalem" subscribed the charter dated 1177 under which "Balduinus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex sextus" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[700].  It is assumed that this Rohart was a different person from Rohart who was previously Vicomte of Jerusalem who is cited from 1128 (see above). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  LORDS of OULTREJOURDAIN

 

 

 

A.      LORDS of OULTREJOURDAIN

 

 

This territory, known in contemporary chronicles as "Oultrejourdain" ("terram trans Jordanem"), consisted of the lordships of Montréal ("Montem Regalem", built by Baudouin I King of Jerusalem near the town of Chaubac [in 1115], according to William of Tyre[701]) and Krak (the fortress built [in 1142] by Payen Lord of Oultrejourdain at Ydumea, south of the Dead Sea) near Petra in the Moab desert east of the Dead Sea[702].  Quatremère notes that “le nom de Karak n´est autre chose que le mot syriaque qui désigne une forteresse[703].  Mas Latrie suggests that the lordship of Oultrejourdain covered an undefined area east of a line from the Red Sea coast in the south to the Dead Sea, and along the river Jordan to the north for about 50 kilometres as far as Oued Zerka (Jabok), the territory further to the north belonging to the principality of Galilee[704].  In [1188/89], the area known as Oultrejourdain was conquered by Saladin who granted it to his brother Malik Adel.  Krak in the Moab desert became one of the most important fortresses of the Mamluk sultans of Egypt who deposited their treasures there[705]

 

 

1.         ROMAIN du Puy (-after [1131]).  "…Romanus de Podio" subscribed the charter dated 20 Jun 1112 under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of the Knights Hospitallers[706].  "…Romanus de Podio…" subscribed the charter dated 1120 of Baudouin II King of Jerusalem[707]Lord of Oultrejourdain.  William of Tyre names "Romanus de Podio, dominus regionis illius quæ est trans Jordanem" among those who rebelled against Baudouin II King of Jerusalem [in 1131], implying that the king confiscated his lands[708].  William of Tyre records [in 1142] that "Paganus" held "terram trans Jordanem postquam Romanus de Podio et filius eius Radulphus"[709]m RICHILDIS, daughter of --- (-after 1130).  "Romanus de Podio, Richildis uxor" donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated 1130[710].  Romain & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         RAOUL du Puy .  William of Tyre records [in 1142] that "Paganus" held "terram trans Jordanem postquam Romanus de Podio et filius eius Radulphus"[711], which suggests that Raoul had succeeded his father, however briefly, although this seems unlikely if it is correct as implied by William of Tyre that his father´s territorial holding was confiscated after his rebellion in [1131] (see above).  [Lord of Oultrejourdain]. 

b)         [RAYMOND du Puy (-after Jan 1152).  "Raymundus de Podio magister Hospitalis, Guillelmo Martino eiusque uxori" are named in a charter dated Jan 1152[712].  His parentage has not yet been identified, but it is possible that he was related to Romain du Puy, maybe his son.]    

 

 

[Two] siblings, parents not known: 

1.         PAYEN "le Bouteiller/Pincerna" (-[1148/52]).  Lord of Oultrejourdain, from [1131].  William of Tyre records [in 1142] that "Paganus" held "terram trans Jordanem postquam Romanus de Podio et filius eius Radulphus"[713].  "…Paganus de Monte Regali…" subscribed the charter dated 1132 under which "Willelmus de Buris" donated property to Saint-Sépulchre with the consent of "nepotum suorum Radulfi de Ysis et Simonis canonicis S. Sepulchri"[714].  He built Krak of the Moab desert in 1142[715].  William of Tyre records "Paganus, dominus regionis quæ est trans Jordanem" among the magnates in Palestine present at the council held at Acre recorded under 1148[716]

2.         [--- .  Assuming that “nepos” in the source quoted below can be translated as nephew, one of Maurice´s parents was the sibling of Payen.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         MAURICE (-after 1154).  William of Tyre names "Paganus…Pincerna, regionis ultra Jordanem dominus…Mauritius nepos eius"[717]Lord of Oultrejourdain.  Lord of Montréal.  "Mauricius Montis Regalis dominus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 1152[718].  William of Tyre names "…Mauritius de Monte-Regali…" among those who took part in the siege of Ascalon in 1154[719]m ---.  The name of Maurice's wife is not known.  The Annales Egmundani name "Mauricius de Montrial, gener Philippi de Naplis"[720].  If taken at face value, it is likely that "Philippe" in this source would have to be an error for "Payen" who was Lord of Nablus in the early 12th century.  However, Philippe de Milly, alleged son-in-law of Maurice, was also Lord of Nablus, which suggests that the entry in the Annales Egmundani may have been completely confused.  No reference to the origin of Maurice's wife has been found in contemporary eastern sources.  Maurice & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [ISABELLE (-before 1167).  Etienne de Lusignan names Isabelle, daughter of Maurice, as wife of Philippe de Milly[721].  However, the wife of Philippe de Milly has not been identified in earlier sources and the reliability of this late source is uncertain.]  m PHILIPPE de MILLY, son of GUY de Milly Lord of Nablus & his second wife Stephanie of Nablus (-1170 or after).  He exchanged the lordship of Nablus for Oultrejourdain 31 Jul 1161[722]

 

 

 

B.      LORDS of OULTREJOURDAIN (MILLY)

 

 

PHILIPPE de Milly, son of GUY de Milly Lord of Nablus & his second wife Stephanie of Nablus (-1170 or after).  "…Philippus filius Guidonis de Milli…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[723].  A charter dated 1180 records earlier donations by "Guidonem de Miliaco…dominus Philippus Neapolitanus dominusque Guido Francigena et dominus Henricus Bubalus, predicti Guidonis filii" and the present donation by "Reginaldus quondam princeps Anthiochensis…Montisregalis et Hebron dominus" of property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "uxor mea Stephania"[724].  He succeeded Rohart of Nablus, Châtelain of Jerusalem, as Lord of Nablus in 1161[725].  He supported Melisende Queen of Jerusalem in her dispute with her son King Baudouin III in 1152.  He exchanged Nablus for Oultrejourdain 31 Jul 1161[726]Lord of Oultrejourdain.  He joined the Templars after the death of his wife and became Grand Master of the Templars in 1167. 

m ISABELLE, daughter of --- (-before 1167).  "Amalricus comes Ascalonitanus" confirmed a donation to St Lazare by "Philippus Neapolitanus", with the consent of "Ysabel uxore, Stephania matre, Rainerio filio, Helena et Stephania filiabus, Guidone Francigena et Henrico Bubalo fratribus", by charter dated 3 Jul 1155[727].  According to Etienne de Lusignan[728], she was ISABELLE, daughter and heiress of MAURICE Lord of Oultrejourdain & his wife ---.  However, the wife of Philippe de Milly has not been identified as such in earlier sources and the extent to which this late source can be relied on is uncertain. 

Philippe & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         RENIER .  "Amalricus comes Ascalonitanus" confirmed a donation to St Lazare by "Philippus Neapolitanus", with the consent of "Ysabel uxore, Stephania matre, Rainerio filio, Helena et Stephania filiabus, Guidone Francigena et Henrico Bubalo fratribus", by charter dated 3 Jul 1155[729].  1178.  Lord of Montréal.  m (before 1180) ETIENNETTE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

2.         HELENE (-before 18 Nov 1168).  "Amalricus comes Ascalonitanus" confirmed a donation to St Lazare by "Philippus Neapolitanus", with the consent of "Ysabel uxore, Stephania matre, Rainerio filio, Helena et Stephania filiabus, Guidone Francigena et Henrico Bubalo fratribus", by charter dated 3 Jul 1155[730].  Rey suggests that she was the first wife of Gauthier [III] de Brisebarre Lord of Beirut, to explain the transmission of the title Lord of Montréal to the latter[731], her early death also explaining why the title was held by Gauthier [III]'s supposed brother-in-law Milon de Plancy in 1173.  [m as his first wife, GAUTHIER [III] Brisebarre Lord of Beirut, son of GUY [II] Brisebarre Lord of Beirut & his wife --- (-1179 or after).] 

3.         [HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvys et Estefenie" as the two daughters of "mesire Phelippe de Naples", specifying that Helvis was wife "dou nevou dou seignor de Thabarie", who was in dispute with the king, and that she left the country and died without heirs[732].  It is possible that "Helvis" was the same person as the daughter named "Helene", as both sources which name the daughters of Philippe de Milly agree that that he had only two daughters.  However, if this is correct, it does not appear possible to identify the husband of Helvis with the suggested husband of Helene (see above), in particular because no reference has been found to a dispute between Gauthier [III] Lord of Beirut and the king nor to Gauthier's having been obliged to leave the Levant with his wife as a result.  m ---, nephew of --- Lord of Tiberias, son of ---.] 

4.         STEPHANIE (-after 1183).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvys et Estefenie" as the two daughters of "mesire Phelippe de Naples", specifying that Stephanie was heiress of her father and was wife (firstly) of "Hamfrei le seignor dou Thoron…fiz…Hamfrei…conestable", and (secondly) of "prince Renaut, qui avoit esté prince d'Antioche de par sa feme l'autre"[733].  "Amalricus comes Ascalonitanus" confirmed a donation to St Lazare by "Philippus Neapolitanus", with the consent of "Ysabel uxore, Stephania matre, Rainerio filio, Helena et Stephania filiabus, Guidone Francigena et Henrico Bubalo fratribus", by charter dated 3 Jul 1155[734].  Heiress  of Oultrejourdain.  William of Tyre names her "Stephaniam Philippi Neapolitani filiam" when recording her (second) husband's death in 1173[735].  He describes her father's lordship as "Arabiæ secundæ quæ est Petracensis qui locus hodie vulgo Crach, et Syriæ Sobal qui locus hodie Montis Regalis, quarum utraque est trans Jordanem"[736].  She is named Lady of Krak by William of Tyre (Continuator)[737].  Nur ed-Din besieged Krak, capital of the fief of Oultrejourdain in 1173, but he was forced to retreat by Honfroy de Toron[738].  "Hainfredus, filius Hainfredi iuvenis" donated property to St Lazarus, Jerusalem, with the consent of "Rainaldi principis Montis Regalis et domini Ebronensis, Stephanie matris dicti Rainaldi uxoris", for the souls of "Philippi avi sui, Hainfredi connestabuli, Hainfredi patris sui", by charter dated 21 Apr 1183[739].  She reoccupied Jebail in early 1197, and handed it to her son[740]m firstly (1163) HONFROY [III] Lord of Toron, son of HONFROY [II] Lord of Toron & his first wife --- of Banyas (-1173).  m secondly (1173) MILON de Plancy, seneschal of the kingdom of Jerusalem, son of --- (-murdered Acre Oct 1174).  [Lord of Montréal: there is doubt whether Milon de Plancy was Lord of Montréal, as indicated by the charter dated 26 Mar 1173 under which Amaury King of Jerusalem donated property to the Teutonic Knights, as this is subscribed by "…Milo, dominus Montis Regalis…Milo de Planci…"[741], suggesting that there were two different individuals named Milon at that date and that Milon de Plancy was not the Lord of Montréal.]  "…Milo de Planceio…" subscribed a charter dated 24 Feb 1174 under which Amaury I King of Jerusalem donated property to the church of St Lazarus, Jerusalem[742].  "…Milo, dominus Montis Regalis…" subscribed a charter dated 18 Apr 1174 under which Amaury I King of Jerusalem donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[743].  "…Milo, Montis Regalis dominus…" subscribed a charter dated 3 Jul 1174 under which Amaury I King of Jerusalem granted property to "Philippo Ruffo"[744].  William of Tyre records the death in 1173 (an error for 1174, assuming that the date of the charter quoted below is correct) of "Milo de Planci de Campania ultramontana de terra Henrici comitis Trecensis", specifying that he was "consanguineus" of Amaury King of Jerusalem who had appointed him Seneschal and Lord of "Syriæ-Sobal…de iure uxoris", and his burial "III Kal Nov" in the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[745]m thirdly ([1175/Nov 1177]) as his second wife, RENAUD de Châtillon, son of --- (-beheaded Hattin [Jul/Aug] 1187). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  LORDS of RAMA [RAMES]

 
 
 

A.      LORDS of RAMA

 
 

1.         BAUDOUIN [I] (-[Feb/Dec] 1138)Lord of Rama [Rames].  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated to [1115], including a donation by "…Balduinus…in territorio Ramensi…"[746].  William of Tyre records "Balduinus de Rames" among those present at the Council of Nablus in 1120 at which Gormundus Patriarch of Jerusalem delivered a sermon[747].  "…Balduinus Ramensis dominus…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[748]m (divorced) as her first husband, STEPHANIE, sister of PAYEN Lord of Nablus, daughter of ---.  1148/1155.  The Lignages d'Outremer state that "madame Estefenie esteit flamengue" and that "son baron aveit nom Gui le Franceis"[749].  According to the Lignages, she married "mesire Baudoyn" after the death of Guy[750].  However, the date of the marriage of their daughter Helvis suggests that Baudouin was Stephanie's first husband.  If this is correct, the couple must have been divorced as Baudouin's death is recorded after that of Guy de Milly.  Her relationship with the Ibelin family, and her first marriage, is suggested by the charter dated 14 Jan 1155 which names "Philippi…Neapolitani, Guidonis Francigene, Henrici Bubali" as "avunculorum" of "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini…"[751].  She married secondly ([1120]) Guy de Milly Lord of Nablus.  Baudouin [I] & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         [HUGUES (-before 1136).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Balyanus Joppensis constabularius" donated property to the church of St Jean, Nablus, for the salvation of "uxoris Heluissæ", by charter dated May 1122, confirmed by "Hugone Rametensi, Balduino fratre eius domino Mirabelli, necnon Baliano"[752].] 

b)         [BAUDOUIN [II] (-before 1144).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Balyanus Joppensis constabularius" donated property to the church of St Jean, Nablus, for the salvation of "uxoris Heluissæ", by charter dated May 1122, confirmed by "Hugone Rametensi, Balduino fratre eius domino Mirabelli, necnon Baliano"[753]Lord of Rama after 1136.] 

c)         [RENIER (-after 1148).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Lord of Rama.  "…Reinerius Ramathensis…" subscribed the charter dated 1144 under which "Balduinus…sancte Ierusalem rex Latinorum quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing second among the subscribers[754].  "Hugo de Hibelino" confirmed, in memory of "Rainerium…avunculum suum", the donation to the church of St Lazarus, Jerusalem of property "in territorio Ramatensi" which "habuerunt de domina Eva", with the consent of "Agnetis uxoris, Balduini et Barisani fratrum", by charter dated 1169[755]m [firstly] ISABELLE, daughter  of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1148.  [m secondly ([after 1148]) EVA, daughter of ---.  No proof has been found of this suggested second marriage of Renier.  However, the charter dated 1169 under which "Hugo de Hibelino" confirmed, in memory of "Rainerium…avunculum suum", the donation to the church of St Lazarus, Jerusalem of property "in territorio Ramatensi" which "habuerunt de domina Eva"[756] suggests that "domina Eva" had a close connection with Renier and may have been his widow.  Renier & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

i)          BAUDOUIN (-after 1153).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1153. 

d)         HELVIS ([1115]-after 1158).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvoys" as the daughter of "mesire Baudoyn" & his wife, recording that she married "Belleem a la Barbe"[757].  Another manuscript of the Lignages expands by naming her "Helvis, la seur Phelipe de Naples de mere, qui estoit dame de Rames, fille de Bauduin seignor de Rames"[758].  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed the donation by "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini et sororis sue Hermengardis domine Tiberiadis et matris sue Helois…" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 14 Jan 1155[759].  The Lignages d'Outremer record her second marriage to "le conestable Manassier" after the death of her first husband[760].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1160 under which "Hugo de Ybelino…Ramathensis domino" names "Balduini avi mei"[761], which can only refer to his maternal grandfather as his paternal grandfather's name is deduced as Balian from other sources.  William of Tyre describes her as "domini Baliani senioris viduam" when recording her second marriage, and names her brothers "Hugonis, Balduini et Baliani Ramatensium"[762].   m firstly ([1130]) BALIAN [Barisanus], son of BALIAN Constable of Jaffa & his wife Helvis --- (-[1150/52]).  He built the castle of Ibelin in 1141.  m secondly ([1152]) as his first wife, MANASSES de Hierges, son of HERIBRAND de Hierges & his wife Hodierne de Rethel (-[Brogne Abbey] 8 Jan 1176).  Constable of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. 

 

 

1.         THOMAS of Rama (-after 1127).  "…Thomas Ramathensis" subscribed the charter dated 1127 under which "Balianus miles" donated property to St Marie, Josaphat[763].  His relationship, if any, to the family of the lords of Rama has not been ascertained. 

 

 

 

B.      LORDS of RAMA (IBELIN)

 

 

The origin of this family is unknown but was presumably relatively modest, as contemporary chroniclers were silent on the point.  According to the Lignages d'Outremer[764], the first known member of the family, Balian, was the brother of Guilin Vicomte de Chartres.  It has also been speculated that the name "Balian" is of Italian origin, being the French version of Barisanus, a name which is found in Pisa and Sardinia.  If this is correct, Balian may have been a Pisan who came to Palestine in the entourage of Daibert Archbishop of Pisa, who was appointed Patriarch of Jerusalem[765].  Alternatively, the derivation could be from "inhabitant of Bari" (in Calabria).  Rüdt-Collenberg[766] favours a Norman origin from southern Italy.  This is based on the likelihood that Hugues du Puiset Count of Jaffa would have chosen a fellow countryman as his constable at Jaffa, and also because the first names of individuals in charters in which Balian is listed are more Norman than Italian in origin (Jordanus, Osmond, Raoul, Humbertus, Ramundus, Radulfus). 

 

Of all the families of Outremer, the Ibelin were unique in the extent of their dynastic connections with the royal families of Jerusalem and Cyprus and the length of time over which their political influence in these states lasted, although they were never promoted to kingship themselves. 

 

 

BALIAN [I] ([1070/80]-[Feb 1141/27 Sep 1145).  The origin of Balian is not known.  According to the Lignages d'Outremer, "Balian le Fransois fu frere au comte Guillaumin de Chartres" but this seems unlikely, the same source conflating Balian [I] with Balian [II][767].  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated to [1115], including a donation by "…Barianus constabularius Joppæ…"[768].  William of Tyre records "Barisanus Joppe constabularius" among those present at the Council of Nablus in 1120 at which Gormundus Patriarch of Jerusalem delivered a sermon[769].  "Balyanus Joppensis constabularius" donated property to the church of St Jean, Nablus, for the salvation of "uxoris Heluissæ", by charter dated May 1122, confirmed by "Hugone Rametensi, Balduino fratre eius domino Mirabelli, necnon Baliano"[770].  "Barisanus constabularius Joppensis" donated "casale Algie in territorio Ascalonis" to the Hospitallers, with the consent of "Hugonis domini Joppensis, et Emmæ uxoris", by charter dated 17 Jan 1126[771].  William of Tyre records him as "Balianus senior" in 1132[772], suggesting that he was the father of another Balian.  Balian was mentioned as a deceased benefactor, along with Guillaume of Bures (who was alive in Feb 1141), in the document confirming the constitution of the hospital of Notre Dame de Josephat, which was sealed by Guillaume Patriarch of Jerusalem, who died 27 Sep 1145, and so although undated must have been issued before that date[773].

m HELVIS, daughter of ---.  "Balyanus Joppensis constabularius" donated property to the church of St Jean, Nablus, for the salvation of "uxoris Heluissæ", by charter dated May 1122, confirmed by "Hugone Rametensi, Balduino fratre eius domino Mirabelli, necnon Baliano"[774]

Balian [I] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         BALIAN [II] (-[1150/52]).  His parentage is confirmed by William of Tyre referring to "Balianus senior" in 1132[775].  "Balianus miles" donated property "mea casale…Dargerboan" to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "dominus meus Hugo, comes Jope", by charter dated 1127[776].  It is assumed that this charter refers to the younger Balian as no primary source has yet been identified which suggests that Balian senior was no longer constable of Jaffa at that date.  He supported Foulques King of Jerusalem in his dispute with Hugues du Puiset in 1132/33[777].  "…Barisanus…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[778], although this could refer either to Balian or his father.  In 1141, he was granted the castle of Yebna, francisised to "Ibelin", south-west of Lydda.  The Lignages d'Outremer confirm that the king gave "Ybelin" to "Belleem a la Barbe"[779].  "Balianus…" subscribed the charter dated 1144 under which "Balduinus…sancte Ierusalem rex Latinorum quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing first among the subscribers[780].  He succeeded his brother-in-law as Lord of Rama, by right of his wife.  William of Tyre records "Balianus senior" among the magnates in Palestine present at the council held at Acre recorded under 1148[781]m ([1130]) as her first husband, HELVIS of Rama, daughter of BAUDOUIN Lord of Rama & his wife Stephanie --- ([1115]-after 1158).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvoys" as the daughter of "mesire Baudoyn" & his wife, recording that she married "Belleem a la Barbe"[782].  Another manuscript of the Lignages expands by naming her "Helvis, la seur Phelipe de Naples de mere, qui estoit dame de Rames, fille de Bauduin seignor de Rames"[783].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1160 under which "Hugo de Ybelino…Ramathensis domino" names "Balduini avi mei"[784], which can only refer to his maternal grandfather as his paternal grandfather's name is deduced as Balian from other sources.  She became heiress of Rama on the death of her brother in [1148].  William of Tyre describes her as "domini Baliani senioris viduam" when recording her second marriage[785].  She married secondly (1152) Manassès de Hierges, Constable of Jerusalem, first cousin to Mélisende Queen of Jerusalem, thus creating the first link between the Ibelin family and the royal family of Jerusalem.  The Lignages d'Outremer record her second marriage to "le conestable Manassier" after the death of her first husband[786].  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed the donation by "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini et sororis sue Hermengardis domine Tiberiadis et matris sue Helois…" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 14 Jan 1155[787].  Balian [II] & his wife had six children: 

a)         ERMENGARDE of Ibelin (-[1160/67]).  Lady of Tiberias.  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed the donation by "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini et sororis sue Hermengardis domine Tiberiadis et matris sue Helois…" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 14 Jan 1155[788].  There is no proof about her possible marriage.  However, there is no other indication besides the 1155 charter that Ermengarde was Lady of Tiberias in her own right, which naturally suggests that she was the widow of a Lord of Tiberias.  If this is correct, Elinard de Bures is the only Lord of Tiberias who could have been her husband from a chronological point of view.  In this case, she would presumably have been one of the older children of her parents.  "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" confirmed a donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by "Hugonis de Hybelino et fratrum suorum Balduini et Barisani et Hermengardis sororis sue matrisque sue Alois…" by charter dated 1158[789].  [m ELINARD Bures Lord of Tiberias, son of [GODEFROI [Geoffroy] de Bures & his wife ---] (-before [1154]).] 

b)         HUGUES of Ibelin (1133 or before-[1169/71]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "mesire Hue, et mesire Baudoyn, et mesire Belleem" as the three sons of "Belleem a la Barbe" & his wife[790].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1158 under which "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" confirmed a donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by "Hugonis de Hybelino et fratrum suorum Balduini et Barisani et Hermengardis sororis sue matrisque sue Alois…" by charter dated 1158 which refers to a donation by "patris sui Barisani"[791].  He had reached the age of majority in 1148[792], when he gave a consent.  He succeeded his father as Lord of Rama.  William of Tyre records "Hugo de Ibelin" among the magnates in Palestine present at the siege of Ascalon in 1153[793].  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed the donation by "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini et sororis sue Hermengardis domine Tiberiadis et matris sue Helois…" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 14 Jan 1155[794].  "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" confirmed the donation of "Hugonis de Hibeline…et Balduini fratri sui" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1155[795].  "…Hugo de Ybelino" subscribed the charter dated 27 Jun 1155 under which "Balduinus…Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[796].  He was ambassador at Constantinople in 1159[797].  "…Hugo de Ybelino et frater eius Balduinus" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jul 1160 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[798].  "Hugo de Ybelino…Ramathensis domino" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1160 in which he names "Balduini avi mei"[799].  "Hugo de Hibelino" confirmed, in memory of "Rainerium…avunculum suum", the donation to the church of St Lazarus, Jerusalem of property "in territorio Ramatensi" which "habuerunt de domina Eva", with the consent of "Agnetis uxoris, Balduini et Barisani fratrum", by charter dated 1169[800]m (after 1162) as her third husband, AGNES de Courtenay, widow firstly of RENAUD Lord of Marash and divorced wife secondly of AMAURY I King of Jerusalem, daughter of JOSCELIN [II] de Courtenay Count of Edessa & his wife Béatrice --- (1133-[Sep 1184/1 Feb 1185]).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Hue de Ybelin" was "baron de Agnes qui avoit esté feme dou rei Amauri", stating that he died without heirs[801].  Another manuscript of the Lignages expands by naming her "Agnes, la fille au conte Jocelin de Rohais"[802].  She married fourthly (before 1171, repudiated before 1174) as his third wife, Renaud Garnier Lord of Sidon

c)         BAUDOUIN [I] of Ibelin (1135 or before-[Feb 1186/88]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "mesire Hue, et mesire Baudoyn, et mesire Belleem" as the three sons of "Belleem a la Barbe" & his wife[803].  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed the donation by "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini et sororis sue Hermengardis domine Tiberiadis et matris sue Helois…" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 14 Jan 1155[804].  "Melisendis…Iherosolimorum regina" confirmed the donation of "Hugonis de Hibeline…et Balduini fratri sui" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1155[805].  "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" confirmed a donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by "Hugonis de Hybelino et fratrum suorum Balduini et Barisani et Hermengardis sororis sue matrisque sue Alois…" by charter dated 1158[806].  "…Hugo de Ybelino et frater eius Balduinus" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jul 1160 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[807]Lord of Mirabel.  "Balduinus de Mirabella, filius Barisani" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris R[ichildis] et fratris Barisani", by charter dated 1165[808].  "Balduinus de Ybelin, dominus Mirabelli" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Hugonis de Ybelin et Baliani fratrum, Richeldis uxoris", by charter dated [29] Apr 1166, subscribed by "Nicholaus de Jbelin, Osmundus frater eius…"[809].  "Balduinus de Mirabell" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Ugonis de Ibelino, domini sui, et Barisani fratrum necnon Agnetis comitissæ, uxoris Hugonis, Richoldis uxoris suæ, et dominæ Stephaniæ", by charter dated 1167[810].  He succeeded his brother as Lord of Rama.  He was captured by Saladin near Marj Ayn 20 Jun 1179 but released a few months later on promise of a ransom of 150,000 dinars[811].  A strong opponent of the Lusignan faction in the kingdom of Jerusalem (although his daughter was married to Aimery de Lusignan), he refused to pay homage to Sibylle Queen of Jerusalem and her husband King Guy after their coronation in 1186.  He left Rama to his minor son, and went to the court of Bohémond III Prince of Antioch[812]m firstly ([1155], divorced [1174]) RICHILDE of Bethsan, daughter of GREMONT [I] Lord of Bethsan & his wife Marguerite of Beirut.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Richeut…fille de Gremont de Bessan" as wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames", stating that they were divorced[813].  In another passage, the Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife, specifying that Richilde married "Baudoyn d'Ybelin" and was "mere de la reyne Eschive"[814].  Rüdt-Collenberg suggests that this parentage is chronologically improbable, although his reasoning is unclear[815].  "Balduinus de Mirabella, filius Barisani" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris R[ichildis]…", by charter dated 1165[816].  "Balduinus de Ybelin, dominus Mirabelli" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "…Richeldis uxoris", by charter dated [29] Apr 1166[817].  "Balduinus de Mirabell" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "…Richoldis uxoris suæ…", by charter dated 1167[818]m secondly (1175) as her second husband, ISABELLE de Gothman, widow of HUGUES Lord of Caesarea, daughter of JEAN de Gothman & his wife Amandala --- (-[1177/80]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau…fille de sire Johan Gomans…feme de Hue de Cesaire" as second wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[819].  "Balduinus, dominus Ramensis" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Helisabeth et fratris Barisani", by charter dated 1175, subscribed by "…Aubertus, consanguineus Balduini…"[820].  [Betrothed ([1179]) to SIBYLLE of Jerusalem, widow of GUGLIELMO "Lungaspada" di Monferrato, daughter of AMAURY I King of Jerusalem & his first wife Agnès de Courtenay ([1160]-Acre [Sep/21 Oct] 1190).  The Chronicle of Ernoul suggests this betrothal, although not explicitly, when it records in the same paragraph that "Bauduins de Rames" and "la contesse Sibille de Jaffes et d'Escalonne li seur le roi" were both widowed from their second and first marriages respectively, apparently confirmed in a later passage which states that Sibylle wished to marry him if he was released from prison[821].  The same source records that Sibylle married her second husband while her betrothed, Baudouin of Ibelin, was in Constantinople requesting Emperor Manuel I to finance the payment of the ransom which had been promised to Saladin as the price for his release from captivity[822].]  m thirdly (after Apr 1180) as her first husband, MARIE, daughter of RENIER Constable of Tripoli & his wife --- (-after 1228).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie" as third wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames", naming her four brothers "Gautier seignor de Baruth, et Gui seignor de Cesaire de par sa feme, et Bernart, et Hue" and her sister "feme de Johan Le Tor, seignor dou Manoet"[823].  This suggests that her father was Guy [II] Lord of Beirut.  However, her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1228 under which "Maria, Rainerii quondam constabularii Tripolitani filia, uxor G de Haam et mater Thomæ constabularii Tripolitani, necnon Beatrix olim filia Petri de Revandel eiusdem Thomæ uxor" confirmed a sale of property by her son[824].  She married secondly as his second wife, Guillaume of Tiberias, and thirdly Gérard de Ham Constable of Tripoli.  The Lignages d'Outremer records the second marriage of Marie to "Guillaume de Thabarie" and her third marriage to "Girart de Han", stating that she was mother of "la dame dou Pui et le conestable de Triple" by her third husband[825].  This is confused by another passage in the Lignages d'Outremer which records that "Echive…dame dou Pui, et ayeulle de cestui conestable de Triple et seignor dou Pui qui ores est" was her daughter by her second husband, while "Thonas…conestable de Triple et Agnes…feme de Hue de Gibellet" were her children by her third husband[826].  Richerio Bishop of Melfi confirmed the property rights of "Mariam viduam Girardi de Hanis, matrem Thomæ comestabuli Tripolitani" by charter dated Mar 1227[827].  Baudouin [I] & his first wife had three children:

i)          ESCHIVA of Ibelin (-[1196/97]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive et Estefenie" as the two daughters of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames" and his wife "Richeut…fille de Gremont de Bessan", stating that Eschiva was the wife of "rei Heimeri"[828].  William of Tyre (Continuator) names her and her father[829].  The Chronicle of Amadi names "Civa, figlia de Baduin de Ibelin signor de Rames" as the wife of "Almerico de Lusignan"[830].  "Balduinus dominus Ramatensis" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Baliani fratris sui filiarum Eschivæ et Stephanie earumque maritorum Hemerici et Amalrici, vicecomitis Neapolitani", by charter dated 1175[831]m (before Dec 1174) as his first wife, AIMERY de Lusignan, son of HUGUES [VIII] "le Brun" Sire de Lusignan & his wife Bourgogne de Rancon ([1145]-Acre 1 Apr 1205).  He was appointed Constable of Jerusalem in 1181.  He succeeded his brother as AMAURY Lord of Cyprus in 1194, crowned AMAURY I King of Cyprus in Sep 1197.  He was crowned AMAURY II King of Jerusalem in Jan 1198 after his second marriage.   

ii)         STEPHANIE of Ibelin (-after [Jan/Jun] 1187).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive et Estefenie" as the two daughters of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames" and his wife "Richeut…fille de Gremont de Bessan", stating that Stephanie was wife of "vesconte de Naples" by whom she had "un fiz…Reimondin, qui fu escachié dou crolle d'Accre"[832].  "Balduinus dominus Ramatensis" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Baliani fratris sui filiarum Eschivæ et Stephanie earumque maritorum Hemerici et Amalrici, vicecomitis Neapolitani", by charter dated 1175[833].  "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "mee uxoris Theophanie et mei fratris Raginaudi", by charter dated 20 Feb 1177[834].  Presumably "Theophanie" in this charter is a mistranscription for Stephanie (see next charter).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation by "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus (eiusque pater bonæ memoriæ Balduinus dono Mellisendis reginæ)" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ reginæ, Baliani de Ibelino (tempore concessionis domini Neapolitani), Stephaniæ uxoris et eiusdem patris Balduini Ramatensis, Isabellæ matris, ac fratrum Renaldi, Johannis, Rogerii, Raimundi, Balianum, sororum Milissendis, Gislæ et Agnetis", by charter dated 17 Nov 1178[835].  "Amalricus vicecomes Neapolitanus" settled a dispute with the church of St Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Theophaniæ uxoris", by charter dated [Jan/Jun] 1187[836].  It is assumed that "Theophania" in these documents is a mistranscription for "Stephania".  m (before Nov 1175) AMAURY Vicomte of Nablus, son of BAUDOUIN Vicomte of Nablus & his wife Isabelle --- (-after [Jan/Jun] 1187). 

Baudouin [I] & his second wife had one child:

iii)        THOMAS Ibelin ([1176/77]-[1187/88]).  The Chronicle of Ernoul records that "Bauduins de Rames" had one son by his second marriage, although it incorrectly states that she was "le fille au seigneur de Cesaire qui li dona Naples avec sa fille"[837].  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Thomas et Echive" as the children of "Bauduin…seignor de Rames", stating that Thomas died young[838].  His absence from the charter dated 1175 under which "Balduinus dominus Ramatensis" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Baliani fratris sui filiarum Eschivæ et Stephanie earumque maritorum Hemerici et Amalrici, vicecomitis Neapolitani"[839] appears to confirm that Thomas was younger than his sisters, and suggests that he was identical with the unnamed son recorded by Ernoul.  Lord of Rama and Mirabel. 

d)         BALIAN of Ibelin ([1142/43]-[1193/94]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "mesire Hue, et mesire Baudoyn, et mesire Belleem" as the three sons of "Belleem a la Barbe" & his wife[840].  William of Tyre names him as the brother of Baudouin Lord of Rama when recording his marriage[841].  Lord of Nablus. 

-        see below

e)         STEPHANIE of Ibelin ([1144]-after 1167).  A charter dated 14 Jan 1155 refers to "Barisanus frater Hugonis [de Hybelino] et quedam soror sua Theophanno" in relation to a donation by "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[842].  It is likely that "Theophanno" (a Greek name which is not noted among Latin families in the Levant) is a mistranscription in this document for Stephanie, the name of Balian's daughter shown in other documents.  It should be noted that a similar mistranscription between Stephanie/Theophania is noted in the name of her niece Stephanie, younger daughter of her brother Baudouin (see above).  "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" confirmed a donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by "Hugonis de Hybelino et fratrum suorum Balduini et Barisani et Hermengardis sororis sue matrisque sue Alois…" by charter dated 1158 which also names "quedam soror tociens dicti Hugonis Stephania"[843].  "Balduinus de Mirabell" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Ugonis de Ibelino, domini sui, et Barisani fratrum necnon Agnetis comitissæ, uxoris Hugonis, Richoldis uxoris suæ, et dominæ Stephaniæ", by charter dated 1167[844].  The title granted to "dominæ Stephaniæ" suggests that she was the wife or widow of a lord, more likely the widow who had returned to the family after the death of her husband to explain her presence in the charter.  No other examples have been found where an unmarried daughter of the Ibelin family has been accorded this title in a charter.  If this is correct, there is no indication of the identity of Stephanie's husband.  same person as…?  daughter .  m ---.  One child: 

i)          [daughter .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Baudoyn de Ybelin" had a niece "de qui issi Renaut et Phelippe le Chamberlain, et Torterelle, mere de Guillaume, le seignor de Pilles, et Helvys mere de cestui Rogier le Normant, et une autre fille qui fu mariee en Ermenie"[845].  It is assumed that this refers to Baudouin [I] d'Ibelin, son of Balian [II].  If this is correct, it is likely that the mother of the niece in question was one of Baudouin's sisters, possibly Stephanie whose marriage is not known, assuming that she survived to adulthood.  The children of this niece referred to in the Lignages have not yet otherwise been identified.  m ---.] 

2.         [daughter .  This is a speculative connection, to explain the imprecise relationship between the following two brothers and the Ibelin family which is confirmed by the charters quoted below.  m --- de Cafran, son of ---.]  Two children: 

a)         PHILIPPE de Cafran .  A charter dated 14 Jan 1155 refers to "cognati Hugonis de Hybelino, Philippus de Cafram et frater eius et Petrus de Tellei" as consenting to a donation by "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[846].  "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" confirmed a donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by "Hugonis de Hybelino et fratrum suorum Balduini et Barisani et Hermengardis sororis sue matrisque sue Alois…" by charter dated 1158 which also names "cognati sui Philippus de Caphran et frater eiusdem et Petrus de Tellei"[847]

b)         AIMERY de Cafran (-after 1165).  A charter dated 14 Jan 1155 refers to "cognati Hugonis de Hybelino, Philippus de Cafram et frater eius et Petrus de Tellei" as consenting to a donation by "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[848].  "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" confirmed a donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by "Hugonis de Hybelino et fratrum suorum Balduini et Barisani et Hermengardis sororis sue matrisque sue Alois…" by charter dated 1158 which also names "cognati sui Philippus de Caphran et frater eiusdem et Petrus de Tellei"[849].  1160.  "Aimericus, frater Filippi de Caphrano" subscribed the charter dated 1165 under which "Balduinus de Mirabella, filius Barisani" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris R[ichildis] et fratris Barisani"[850]

3.         [---.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         AUBERT (-after 1175).  "Balduinus, dominus Ramensis" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Helisabeth et fratris Barisani", by charter dated 1175, subscribed by "…Aubertus, consanguineus Balduini…"[851]

4.         [--- .  m ---.]  This is a speculative connection, to explain the imprecise relationship between the following person and the Ibelin family which is suggested by the charters quoted below.  One child: 

a)         PIERRE de Tellei .  A charter dated 14 Jan 1155 refers to "cognati Hugonis de Hybelino, Philippus de Cafram et frater eius et Petrus de Tellei" as consenting to a donation by "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[852].  "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" confirmed a donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by "Hugonis de Hybelino et fratrum suorum Balduini et Barisani et Hermengardis sororis sue matrisque sue Alois…" by charter dated 1158 which also names "cognati sui Philippus de Caphran et frater eiusdem et Petrus de Tellei"[853]

 

 

Two brothers, their relationship with the main Ibelin family of Rama, if any, is unknown: 

1.         NICOLAS de Ibelin (-after [29] Apr 1166).  "Balduinus de Ybelin, dominus Mirabelli" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Hugonis de Ybelin et Baliani fratrum, Richeldis uxoris", by charter dated [29] Apr 1166, subscribed by "Nicholaus de Jbelin, Osmundus frater eius…"[854].  This last charter is subscribed, among others, by "Nicholaus de Jbelin , Osmundus frater eius…".  It is unclear how these brothers could be related to the known Ibelin family.  It is possible that they were members of the household of the Lords of Ibelin and not related. 

2.         OSMOND (-after [29] Apr 1166).  "Balduinus de Ybelin, dominus Mirabelli" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Hugonis de Ybelin et Baliani fratrum, Richeldis uxoris", by charter dated [29] Apr 1166, subscribed by "Nicholaus de Jbelin, Osmundus frater eius…"[855]

 

 

BALIAN of Ibelin, son of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Rama & his wife Helvis of Rama ([1142/43]-[May 1193/94]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "mesire Hue, et mesire Baudoyn, et mesire Belleem" as the three sons of "Belleem a la Barbe" & his wife[856].  A charter dated 14 Jan 1155 refers to "Barisanus frater Hugonis [de Hybelino] et quedam soror sua Theophanno" in relation to a donation by "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[857].  "Amalricus…comes Ascalonis" confirmed a donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by "Hugonis de Hybelino et fratrum suorum Balduini et Barisani et Hermengardis sororis sue matrisque sue Alois…" by charter dated 1158[858].  William of Tyre names him as the brother of Baudouin Lord of Rama when recording his marriage[859].  Lord of Nablus [1177], by right of his wife.  He succeeded his brother in [1186/88] as Lord of Rama and Mirabel, but these territories, as well as the castle of Ibelin, were conquered in 1187 by Saladin after the battle of Hattin[860].  He went to Jerusalem from Tyre and made preparations to secure it against Saladin's attack but the city fell 2 Oct 1187[861].  Saladin installed him as Lord of Caymont and Carmel[862].  He was a strong supporter of Corrado di Monferrato against Guy de Lusignan, and a leading proponent of Corrado's marriage to Isabelle of Jerusalem[863]

m ([1177]) as her second husband, MARIA Komnene, widow of AMAURY I King of Jerusalem, daughter of IOANNES Komnenos protosébastos & his wife --- Taronitissa (1154-before Oct 1217).  She was given Nablus as her dower by her first husband[864].  Her second marriage, around the same time as the marriage of Sibylle of Jerusalem with Guglielmo di Monferrato (Oct 1176), is recorded by William of Tyre[865].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "relictam regis Almarici…que fuit de Grecia" married "Bethuliani de Guibelin"[866].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "la reyne Marie…niece de l'empereur Manuel" as wife of "Belleem de Ybelin"[867].  "Hugo…rex Cipri" confirmed the grant to the church of Nicosia by "Philippus de Ybellino" for the soul of "domine Marie regine, matris sue" by charter dated Oct 1217[868]

Balian of Ibelin & his wife had five children (as the castle of Ibelin was lost to the family in 1187, the descendants of Balian of Ibelin are referred to as "Ibelin" rather than "of Ibelin".):

1.         JEAN Ibelin (1178-1236).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife, specifying that Jean was Lord of Beirut[869].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Iohannem de Baruth" as the son of "Bethuliani de Guibelin" & his wife[870].  He was installed as Lord of Beirut in 1205. 

-        LORDS of BEIRUT

2.         PHILIPPE Ibelin ([1180]-Cyprus end 1227).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife[871].  He first appears in documents in Palestine in 1206.  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Johan d'Ybelin et Felipe d'Ybelin" were uncles of Alix of Jerusalem whom they accompanied to Cyprus for her marriage before returning to Acre[872].  "Philippus de Ibelin" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Mariæ domina Hierosolymitanæ et Johannes de Ibelin procuratoris dicti regni, necnon Alicis comitissæ uxoris suæ", by charter dated 15 May 1210[873].   He and his brother Jean left the kingdom of Jerusalem (maybe after rebelling against Jean de Brienne) and settled in Cyprus[874], some time before Sep 1217 when they both took precedence over all other liegemen in a document of the High Court of Cyprus[875].  "Hugo…rex Cipri" confirmed the grant to the church of Nicosia by "Philippus de Ybellino" for the soul of "domine Marie regine, matris sue" by charter dated Oct 1217[876].  In 1218, Philippe was named lieutenant for Alix dowager Queen of Cyprus, who was regent for her infant son King Henri I.  He established a position of great power for himself in Cyprus, successfully resisted Queen Alix's attempts to replace him as lieutenant, and was confirmed in his authority by Pope Honorius III in 1226[877].  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare records the death in 1227 of "Phelippe d'Ybelin…frere de monseignor de Baruth" in Cyprus[878]m firstly ([1195/1200]) MARIE of Korikos, daughter of VAHRAM Lord of Korikos, Marshal of Armenia & his first wife Euphemia of Pertag.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly (Feb 1207/1210]) as her second husband, ALIX de Montbéliard, widow of BERTHOLD [II] Graf von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of AMEDEE de Montfaucon Comte de Montbéliard & his first wife Beatrix --- (-after 1244).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "la contece Aalis qui avoit esté feme dou conte Bertot…suer de Gautier de Monbeliart et ante de Eudde de Monbeliart" as wife of "Phelippe…bailli de Chypre"[879].  "Philippus de Ibelin" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "…Alicis comitissæ uxoris suæ", by charter dated 15 May 1210[880].   "Johannes de Ybelino, dominus Berithi et Johannes dominus Cæsareæ" guaranteed the sale of property to the Knights Hospitallers by "Johannes de Ybelino, filius defuncti Philippi de Ybelino" by charter dated Apr 1232 addressed to "Aelisia comitissa, uxore quondam Philippi de Ybelino, eiusque filia Maria"[881].  Boniface abbé de Cîteaux confirmed the authorisation by the archbishop of Nicosia to "domine A[elisie], relicte…domini Philippi de Ybelino" for the foundation of a convent in Nicosia, by charter dated Mar 1244[882].  Philippe Ibelin & his second wife had two children:

a)         MARIE Ibelin ([1210/15]-after 1244).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "une fille Marie…et un fiz Johan" as children of "Phelippe…bailli de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Marie was a nun[883].  "Johannes de Ybelino, dominus Berithi et Johannes dominus Cæsareæ" guaranteed the sale of property to the Knights Hospitallers by "Johannes de Ybelino, filius defuncti Philippi de Ybelino" by charter dated Apr 1232 addressed to "Aelisia comitissa, uxore quondam Philippi de Ybelino, eiusque filia Maria"[884].  Another manuscript of the Lignages adds that she was "estoree l'abeie de Saint Theodre a Nicossie"[885].  Abbess of the convent of St Theodore at Nicosia, founded by her mother, in 1244. 

b)         JEAN Ibelin ([1210/15]-Nicosia Dec 1266, bur Nicosia, Dominican Church)The Lignages d'Outremer name "une fille Marie…et un fiz Johan" as children of "Phelippe…bailli de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Jean was "conte de Japhe"[886].  "Johannes de Ybelino, dominus Berithi et Johannes dominus Cæsareæ" guaranteed the sale of property to the Knights Hospitallers by "Johannes de Ybelino, filius defuncti Philippi de Ybelino" by charter dated Apr 1232 addressed to "Aelisia comitissa, uxore quondam Philippi de Ybelino, eiusque filia Maria"[887].  "Johan d'Ybelin le nevo dou sire de Barut" is named by William of Tyre (Continuator) who says he was "le chevetaine de ceauz dou gait" in 1232[888].  In Palestine until Apr 1232, he fought at the battle of Agridi in Cyprus in 1232.  He was probably in Armenia for much of the time between 1234 and 1247.  He was invested with the Barony of Jaffa before 1247, after the disappearance in captivity of Gauthier de Brienne Lord of Jaffa, confirmed 1253 by Pope Innocent IV after which he styled himself Count of Jaffa and Ascalon.  Pope Innocent IV confirmed the grant of the county of Jaffa and Askalon to "Johanni de Ibelino, comiti Joppensi et domno Rametensi" for the foundation of a convent in Nicosia, by charter dated 26 Mar 1252[889].  He was appointed bailli of Jerusalem 1254-1256.  He negotiated a treaty with Sultan Baibars in 1256, renewed in 1262 and 1266[890].  He was the author of the Assizes of Jerusalem[891]

-        LORDS of JAFFA

3.         MARGUERITE Ibelin ([1180]-after 1240).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife[892].  In a later passage, the Lignages record that "Marguerite, l'autre suer" married "Hue seignor de Thabarie", by whom she was childless, and secondly "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" by whom she had one son and four daughters[893].  Lady of Ibelin in 1240.  m firstly ([1195/1200]) HUGUES de Saint-Omer Lord of Tabariè, son of GAUTHIER de Saint-Omer Lord of Tiberias & his second wife Eschiva [II] de Bures Lady of Tiberias ([1150]-1204).  m secondly (before 1210) GAUTHIER Lord of Caesarea Constable of Cyprus, son of GUY of Beirut & his wife Julienne Garnier of Caesarea (-killed in battle Nicosia 14 Jul 1229). 

4.         HELVIS Ibelin ([1182]-before 1 Jun 1216).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife, stating that "Heloys" was wife firstly of "Renaut seignor de Seete" and secondly of "Gui de Monfort"[894].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "uxorem Renaldi de Sidone" as the daughter of "Bethuliani de Guibelin" & his wife and her second husband "Guido de Monteforti", but does not name her[895].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the arrival of "li quens Simons de Montfort, et Guis ses freres" in Palestine [in 1204] and that "Guis prist à feme le dame de Saiete"[896].  "Guido de Monteforti" donated property to "ecclesiæ de Pruliano", with the consent of "uxoris Alicis Sidoniæ dominæ", by charter dated 1 Jun 1216[897]m firstly ([1195]) as his second wife, RENAUD Garnier Lord of Sidon, son of GERARD Garnier Lord of Sidon & his wife Agnes of Bures-Tiberias (-[Nov 1200/1204]).  m secondly ([1204]) as his first wife, GUY de Montfort Seigneur de la Ferté-Alais et de Castres-en-Albegeois, son of SIMON [IV] Sire de Montfort & his wife Amicie of Leicester (-killed in battle Vareilles near Pamiers 31 Jan 1228, bur Abbaye de Haute-Bruyère). 

5.         daughter (-after Aug 1193).  Abu Shama´s Le Livre des Deux Jardins records that, after the capture of Jerusalem, "quatre jeunes esclaves filles des rois de Roum, dont l´une était la fille de Barizan, l´autre la fille du seigneur de Djebeleh" were given as presents to the Caliph of Baghdad 31 Aug 1193 by El Afdahl[898]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  LORDS of ST ABRAHAM

 

 

The castle of St Abraham was built by the patriarch of Jerusalem, about six miles from the city[899].  Reference has been found to only five lords of St Abraham.  No information has been found which establishes a family connection between them, although the repetition of the name Hugues suggests that they may have been related.  Presumably the last lord of St Abraham died without heirs and the lordship reverted to the king of Jerusalem, as shown by the Lignages d'Outremer which state that the king granted "le Crac de Montreal et Saint Abraham" to Philippe de Milly in exchange for Nablus, dated to 31 Jul 1161[900]

 

 

1.         GERARD d´Avesnes (-killed in battle mid-1102).  He was installed as Lord of Hebron by Godefroi de Bouillon in Mar 1100.  He has not been linked to the family of the Seigneurs d'Avesnes (see the document NORTHERN FRANCE).  Lord of St Abraham.  Albert of Aix records that "Gerhardum de præsidio Avennis" was sent as a gift to "duci christianissimo Iherusalem", after having been presumed killed at Assur, and was invested with "castello…ad sanctum Abraham", dated to 1099 from the context[901].  Albert of Aix names "…Gerhardus de Avennis…" among those killed in battle in a campaign led by Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, dated to mid-1102 from the context[902]

 

2.         HUGUES [I] (-after [1105/06]).  Lord of St Abraham.  "…Ugo de S. Habraam…" subscribed the charter dated 1104 under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem donated the church of St Lawrence to the Genoese[903].  Albert of Aix names "Hugo de Tabaria, Rorgius de Cayphas, Guntfridus de Turri David, Hugo de Sancto Abraham, Eustachius Granarius, Gutmannus de Brussella castello Brabantiæ, Lithardus de Cameraco civitate Galliæ, Pisellus de Tuorna, Baldewinus de Hastrut castellis Flandrie" as those who went to relieve King Baudouin at Jaffa, dated to [1105/06] from the context[904]

 

3.         GAUTHIER "Mahomet" (-after [1110/12]).  Lord of St Abraham.  Albert of Aix records that Baudouin I King of Jerusalem had granted "castellum…ad Sanctum Abraham" to "Walterus cognomine Mahumeth" after the death of "Rorgii", dated to [1107] from the context[905].  Albert of Aix records that Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, after the massacre of his knights at Ascalon, with "Bertrannus, Eustachius Granarius, Walterus de Sancto Abraham" joined the campaign against the Turks who marched against Antioch, dated to [1110/12] from the context[906]

 

4.         BAUDOUIN (-after 1126).  Lord of St Abraham.  "…Balduinus de S. Abraham…" subscribed the charter dated 1115 under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed the property of  the church of Josaphat[907].  "…Balduinus de S. Abraham…" subscribed the charter dated 31 Jan 1120 under which Baudouin II King of Jerusalem confirmed the property and privileges of  the church of Josaphat[908].  "…Balduinus de S. Abraham…" subscribed the charter dated 1126 under which "Willelmus de Buris dominus Tyberiadis" donated property to Josaphat[909].  "…Balduinus S. Abrahæ…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1128 under which Baudouin II King of Jerusalem donated property to the Holy Sepulchre[910].  "…Balduinus de S. Abraham…" subscribed the charter dated 1130 which records the settlement of a dispute between the churches of the Holy Sepulchre and St Mary of Josaphat[911]

 

5.         HUGUES [II] (-[1144/61]).  Lord of St Abraham.  Foulques King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation of "domum loci Bethgibelin" by "Hugo de S. Abraham" to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 1136[912].  "Hugo de castello S. Abrahæ" granted revenue to "Martino" by charter dated 1136, subscribed by "…Normannus de S. Abraham…"[913].  ["Anfredus castellanus S. Abrahæ cum uxore sua Martino eiusque uxori" granted revenue by charter dated 6 Feb 1149[914].]  "Hugo de S. Abraham" donated property to the Hospitallers by charter dated 1144[915]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13.  LORDS of SCANDELION

 

 

 

1.         ROBERT (-before 1150).  Lord of Scandelionm BELIORNA, daughter of --- (-after 1150).  A charter dated [6 Feb 1149/5 Feb 1150] confirmed the donation by "domina Beliorna, Roberti Scandeleonis uxore, eiusque filii Ysaac et Rolando" to the Knights Hospitallers at Tyre[916].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         ISAAC (-after 1150).  A charter dated [6 Feb 1149/5 Feb 1150] confirmed the donation by "domina Beliorna, Roberti Scandeleonis uxore, eiusque filii Ysaac et Rolando" to the Knights Hospitallers at Tyre[917]

b)         ROLAND (-after 1150).  A charter dated [6 Feb 1149/5 Feb 1150] confirmed the donation by "domina Beliorna, Roberti Scandeleonis uxore, eiusque filii Ysaac et Rolando" to the Knights Hospitallers at Tyre[918]

 

 

2.         RAYMOND (-after 4 Sep 1209).  "…Raimundus de Scandalione" subscribed a charter of Bohémond III Prince of Antioch dated 15 Jun 1199[919].  "…Raimundus de Scandaleone" subscribed the charter dated 4 Sep 1209 under which Bohémond IV prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli donated property to the Teutonic Knights[920]

 

 

1.         PIERRELord of Scandelionm ---.  The name of Pierre's wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

a)         AGNES (-after 23 Apr 1280)Lady of Scandelion.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "ceste dame de Scandelion" as wife of "Guillaume [de la Mandelee]"[921].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names her "Agnes, la fille de Pierre, le seignor de Scandelion"[922].  "Guillaume de la Mandelee dominus de Scandelion, filius Jacobi de la Mandelee cum Agnes uxore" granted property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated Jun 1263[923].  "Agnes de Scandalion, uxor Guillelmi de l'Amandelee" granted property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 16 Feb 1272[924]m GUILLAUME de Mandelée, son of JACQUES de Mandelée & his first wife --- de Puille (-before 23 Apr 1280).  Lord of Scandelion, de iure uxoris

b)         HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvis, la fille Piere de Scandelion" as the wife of Barthelemy Embriaco[925]m BARTHELEMY Embriaco, son of BERTRAND [II] Embriaco & his wife Beatrix de Saint-Siméon-Soudin (-killed Tripoli 26 Apr 1289). 

2.         MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite, la seur dou Pierre, le seignor de Scandelion" as the wife of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin"[926]m as his first wife, RAYMOND de Giblet Lord of Besmedin, son of HUGUES de Giblet Lord of Besmedin & his wife Agnes de Ham (-1253 or after). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14.  LORDS of SIDON

 

 

 

EUSTACHE [I] Granarius [Garnier], son of --- (-15 Jun 1123, bur Jerusalem, Santa Maria Latina)Lord of Caesarea.  He was enfeoffed as Lord of Sidon in late 1110.  Constable and bailiff of Jerusalem.  The date of his death is recorded by Fulcher of Chartres[927].  

1.         EUSTACHE [II] (-before Sep 1131).  His parentage is proved by the charter dated 1116, relating to the abbey of Quarantene, which relates that "post obitum Eustachii…dominam Emmam uxorem…Eustachii" donated the property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "filiis suis Eustachio et Galterio" by the hands of "viri sui domni Hugonis principis Ioppe"[928]Lord of Sidon 1124/26.  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem granted privileges to the Venetians by charter dated 2 May 1125, subscribed by "…Honfrodus de Corone, Guido de Miliaco, Radulfus de Fontanellis, Goffredus Tortus, Rainerius de Bruso, Guido Lidensis dominus, Guipertus de Caipha…Guilielmus de Buris, Tyberiadis…Ugo Joppensis dominus, Gualterius Brisebarre, Beritti dominus, Eustachius Granerius…"[929].  "Eustachius Granerius II" donated property to the church of St. Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Papiæ uxoris", by charter dated Oct 1126, subscribed by "Emma comitissa mater Granerii II" and written by "Walterio fratre supradicti Granerii"[930]m (before 1123) PAPIA, daughter of ---.  "Eustachius Granerius II" donated property to the church of St. Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Papiæ uxoris", by charter dated Oct 1126[931].  Eustache [II] & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the wife of "Henri le Bufle" was "la suer de Renaut seigneur de Seete"[932], although this appears unlikely to be correct assuming the estimated marriage date in [1138] of Renaud's supposed parents.  Another manuscript of the Lignages names "Girart et Gautier, et Agnes qui espousa Henri le Bufle" as the three children of "Huistace Garnier…sire de Cesaire" and his wife "Heimeline, la niesse dou patriarche Ernoul de Jerusalem"[933], referring from the context to Eustache [I].  However, this is clearly improbable from a chronological point of view.  The most probable solution is that Agnes was the daughter of Eustache [II], the Lignages confusing the father with the son.  m HENRI de Milly "Bubalus", son of GUY de Milly Lord of Nablus & his second wife Stephanie of Nablus.  1155/65.] 

2.         GERARD (-before 1171).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gerart et Gautier" as the two sons of "Estace de Garnier", stating that Gerard was "seignor de Seete"[934]Lord of Sidon 1131.  Lord of Beaufort [1139].  William of Tyre records "Gerardus Sydoniensis" among the magnates in Palestine present at the council held at Acre recorded under 1148[935].  William of Tyre records "Gerardus Sydoniensis" among the magnates in Palestine present at the siege of Ascalon in 1153[936].  "…Girardus Sydoniensis…" subscribed the charter dated 13 Jul 1155 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted property previously granted to "Eustachius Ganerius…Galterius predicti Eustachii filius" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, listed third among the subscribers, but it does not specify his relationship to the Garnier family[937].  "…Girardus Sidoniensis…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jul 1160 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, listed fourth among the subscribers[938].  "Girardus dominus Sidonis" donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Raynaldi filii et heredum", by charter dated 4 Jan 1164[939].  "…Girardus Sydoniensis…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[940]m (late 1138 or after) as her second husband, AGNES, widow of RENIER Brus Lord of Banyas, daughter of ---.  William of Tyre records that, after his first wife died, "domini…Rainerii Brus" married "Agnetem…domini Wilelmi de Buris neptem", who married secondly after her husband died "Girardus Sydoniensis"[941].  Gérard & his wife had four children: 

a)         EUSTACHE [III] (-before 1175).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Estace et Renaut" as the two sons of "Gerard de Garnier", stating that Eustache "n'estoit mie bien sené, et estoit biau, et n'ot point de feme"[942].  [same person as…?  EUSTACHE [Garnier] (-after 1168).  "…Eustachius de Greneri camerarius…" signed the charter dated 1162 under which "Willelmus de Ipres…cum Leliosa consanguinea mea et cum filia sua Petronilla" donated revenue from landto the abbey of Bourbourg[943].  The name "Greneri" in this document suggests a connection with the family Garnier.  However, "…Eustachius de Gremines…" signed the charter dated 1168 under which Philippe Count of Flanders granted rights to the town of Saint-Omer[944], which suggests that the name may have been corrupted in the earlier charter.] 

b)         RENAUD (-[Nov 1200/1204]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Estace et Renaut" as the two sons of "Gerard de Garnier"[945]Lord of Sidon and Beaufort. 

-        see below

c)         daughter .  The passage in the Lignages d'Outremer which records the marriage of "l'autre suer de Renaut seignor de Seete" does not refer to the first sister[946].  Presumably there is some omission in the text relating to the older daughter of Gérard about whom no other information has yet been found. 

d)         daughter .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "l'autre suer de Renaut seignor de Seete" was "dame de Nefin, ayeulle de celui seignor de Nefin que le prince deserita"[947]m --- Lord of Nephin, son of [GUILLAUME RAINOARD of Nephin & his wife ---. 

3.         GAUTHIER (-before 1154, bur Jerusalem, Santa Maria Latina).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gerart et Gautier" as the two sons of "Estace de Garnier"[948].  Lord of Caesarea 1128/1149.  Lord of Sidon 1131/1135.   

-        LORDS of CAESAREA.   

 

 

RENAUD Garnier of Sidon, son of GERARD Garnier Lord of Sidon & his wife Agnes of Bures-Tiberias (-[Nov 1200/1204]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Estace et Renaut" as the two sons of "Gerard de Garnier"[949].  William of Tyre names "Rainaldus" as the son of "Agnetem…domini Wilelmi de Buris neptem" by her second husband "Girardus Sydoniensis"[950].  "Girardus dominus Sidonis" donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat, with the consent of "Raynaldi filii et heredum", by charter dated 4 Jan 1164[951]Lord of Sidon and Beaufort.  He visited Saladin's court, hinting that he would convert to Islam, but meanwhile ordered the strengthening of the fortifications of the castle of Beaufort against attack.  When his ruse was discovered, he was imprisoned in Damascus [Sep] 1189[952]

m firstly (before 1171, repudiated before 1174) as her fourth husband, AGNES de Courtenay, widow (firstly) of RENAUD Lord of Marash, divorced wife (secondly) of AMAURY I King of Jerusalem, widow (thirdly) of HUGUES Ibelin Lord of Rama, daughter of JOSCELIN II de Courtenay Count of Edessa & his wife Béatrice --- (1133-[Sep 1184/1 Feb 1185]).  William of Tyre names her husband and his father when he records this marriage and the couple's divorce on the grounds of consanguinity (although he does not provide the factual basis for the claim)[953].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Agnes, qui avoit esté feme dou rei Amauri et Hue de Ybelin…" as wife of "Renaut de Garnier"[954]

m secondly (before 1189) as her first husband, HELVIS Ibelin, daughter of BALIAN II Ibelin Lord of Nablus & his wife Maria Komnene (-before 1 Jun 1216).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "uxorem Renaldi de Sidone" as the daughter of "Bethuliani de Guibelin" & his wife and her second husband "Guido de Monteforti", but does not name her[955].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife, stating that "Heloys" was wife firstly of "Renaut seignor de Seete" and secondly of "Gui de Monfort"[956].  She married secondly ([1204]) as his first wife, Guy de Montfort Seigneur de la Ferté-Alais et de Castres-en-Albegeois.  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the arrival of "li quens Simons de Montfort, et Guis ses freres" in Palestine [in 1204] and that "Guis prist à feme le dame de Saiete"[957]

Renaud & his second wife had three children:

1.         BALIAN (-1240).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellin…seignor de Seete et…Agnes et…Femie" as the children of "Renaut seignor de Seete" & his wife[958]Lord of Sidon 1210.  Bailli of the kingdom of Jerusalem 1228/1231.  m (1228) MARGUERITE [Ida][959] de Reynel, daughter of ARNOUD de Reynel [Risnel] & his wife Ide de Brienne (-5 Jun [1254]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite, la niece dou rei Johan" as wife of "Bellin…seignor de Seete"[960].  She is named as niece of Jean de Brienne by William of Tyre (Continuator), who also names her parents when he records her marriage[961].  Cousin of Yolande Queen of Jerusalem, it was alleged that Queen Yolande's husband Emperor Friedrich II King of Germany seduced her on their wedding night 9 Nov 1225[962].  She is named "la gentile dame de Sayete, dame Margarite" in the contract dated 1252 relating to the marriage of her son (see below)[963].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 5 Jun, in 1254 from the context, of "Margarita dama de Saeto"[964].  Balian & his wife had five children: 

a)         GILLES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gille…et Julien" as the two sons of "Bellin…seignor de Seete" & his wife, specifying that Gilles died[965]

b)         JULIEN (-[12 Jan 1275/11 Jan 1276]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gille…et Julien" as the two sons of "Bellin…seignor de Seete" & his wife, specifying that Julien was "seignor de Seete"[966]Lord of Sidon and Beaufort.  He pledged Sidon to the Templars in return for substantial loans.  "Julien dominus de Saette et Biaufort" sold property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Femiæ", by charter dated Aug 1254[967].  He attacked the Mongols after their conquest of Damascus in 1260, but Sidon was ravaged in revenge.  The Templars took advantage of the situation by foreclosing on Sidon and Beaufort[968].  The Chronicle attributed to King Hethum II records that "Julian lord of Sidon sold Danblur, Sidon and Piafort" in [15 Jan 1260/14 Jan 1261][969].  The Chronicle attributed to King Hethum II records that "Julian lord of Sidon died" in [12 Jan 1275/11 Jan 1276][970]m (1252, divorced 1263[971]) EUPHEMIE of Armenia, daughter of HETHUM I King of Armenia & his wife Zabel Queen of Armenia (-1309, bur [Trazarg]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Sebile, Femie, Ritta, Ysabeau et Marie" as the five daughters of "Heiton le fis Constans qui estoit conestable et baill d'Ermenie" & his wife, specifying that "Femie" married "Julien le sire de Saiete"[972].  The contract between "Haitum…rois d'Ermenie é la gentile dame de Sayete, dame Margarite" relating to the marriage between "le gentil seignor de Sayete sire Yulian" and "notre filie demoiselle Fémie" is dated 1252[973].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records the marriage of "Julian sire de Saiete" with "la fille de Heton roi d'Ermenie" in 1252[974].  The Chronicle attributed to King Hethum II records the marriage of "Fimi daughter of the Armenian king Hetum" and "Julian king of France"[975].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the marriage of "messer Juliano signor di Saeto" and "la figlia del re Haetonte de Armenia", in 1252 from the context[976].  "Julien dominus de Saette et Biaufort" sold property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Femiæ", by charter dated Aug 1254[977].  She became abbess of Notre Dame de Tyr at Nicosia in 1308[978]The Chronicle of Amadi names "madama Sur Fimia, sua ameda…monacha de la Nostra Donna mazore de Hierusalem, che si dice in Cypro Nostra Dame de Sur…signora de Saeto" and "suo nepote messer Alinac, che ottenne dal suo fratello messer Choyssin re de Armenia", specifying that she was "sorella del re Livon et ava della moglie del…messer Philippo de Iblim el sinescalco, la qual era figlia de la sua figlia"[979]Mistress: ([1256/61]) PLAISANCE of Antioch, widow of HENRI I King of Cyprus, separated wife of BALIAN Ibelin Lord of Arsur, daughter of BOHEMOND V Prince of Antioch & his second wife Lucia di Caccamo-Segni ([1237/38]-[22/27] Sep 1261).  Her relationship with Julien of Sidon provoked a Papal Bull urging her to remarry[980].  According to Runciman[981], the mistress of Julien of Sidon was the daughter-in-law of Plaisance, Isabelle Ibelin, but Rüdt-Collenberg attributes the Papal Bull to Pope Urban IV in 1261, well before the time when Isabelle Ibelin could have been involved.  Julien & his wife had three children: 

i)          BALIAN (-killed in battle near Botrun 1277).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Balian, Johan et Marguerite" as the three children of "Julien…sire de Saiete" and his wife "Femie, la fille au roi Heiton d'Ermenie"[982].  He succeeded his father as titular Lord of Sidon.  He was killed in battle fighting with Bohémond Count of Tripoli against Guy II Embriaco of Jebail[983]m MARIE of Jebail, daughter of HENRI Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Isabelle Ibelin (-before 22 Jan 1290).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie, la fille au seignor de Giblet" as the wife of "Balian" son of "Julien…sire de Saiete"[984].  Balian & his wife had two children (who were legitimated per dispensationem post matrimonium contractum 23 May 1289, on the basis that their parents' marriage had been contracted without the necessary Papal dispensation despite being related in the 4th degree[985]): 

(a)       EUPHEME .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Femie et Ysabeau" as the children of "Balian", son of "Julien…sire de Saiete", & his wife, stating that Euphemie married "Heiton, le fis dou mareschal d'Ermenie et orent ii fis et une fille"[986].  1290.  m HETHUM [V] of Lampron Lord of Simangla, son of OSHIN [IV] Lord of Asgouras and Marnick & his wife Agatha --- ([1265]-1307). 

(b)       ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Femie et Ysabeau" as the children of "Balian", son of "Julien…sire de Saiete", & his wife, stating that Isabelle married "Mansel de Buillon et orent une fille"[987].  1290.  m MAURICE de Bouillon

ii)         JEAN (-drowned Armenia before 1289).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Balian, Johan et Marguerite" as the three children of "Julien…sire de Saiete" and his wife "Femie, la fille au roi Heiton d'Ermenie", stating that Jean drowned in Armenia[988]

iii)        MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Balian, Johan et Marguerite" as the three children of "Julien…sire de Saiete" and his wife "Femie, la fille au roi Heiton d'Ermenie", stating that Marguerite married "Gui le seignor de Giblet"[989].  The retrospective dispensation issued by Pope Nicholas IV for the marriage of "Guido de Ibelino, dominus Gibeleti, quondam" and "Margarita quondam" is dated 23 May 1289[990]m (retrospective Papal dispensation 23 May 1289) GUY Ibelin [Embriaco] Lord of Jebail, son of HENRI Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Isabelle Ibelin (-murdered Nephin Jan 1282). 

c)         PHILIPPE de Beaufort (-after Mar 1261).  "…Phelippe de Biaufort, frater Juliani…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1261 under which "Julien dominus de Seete et Biaufort" confirmed donations to the Teutonic Knights[991]

d)         ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau…et Agnes" as the two daughters of "Bellin…seignor de Seete" & his wife, specifying that Isabelle died "dameisseille"[992]

e)         AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau…et Agnes" as the two daughters of "Bellin…seignor de Seete" & his wife, specifying that Agnes married "Guillaume seignor dou Boutron"[993]m GUILLAUME Lord of Boutron, son of BOHEMOND of Antioch Lord of Boutron & his wife --- Plivano (-after 1262).  Constable of the Kingdom of Jerusalem 1262. 

2.         AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellin…seignor de Seete et…Agnes et…Femie" as the children of "Renaut seignor de Seete" & his wife, recording that Agnes married "Raou de Thabarie"[994]m RAOUL of Tiberias Prince of Galilee, son of GAUTHIER de Saint-Omer Lord of Tiberias & his second wife Eschiva II de Bures Lady of Tiberias.  1187/1220. 

3.         FEMIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellin…seignor de Seete et…Agnes et…Femie" as the children of "Renaut seignor de Seete" & his wife, recording that Femie married "Oste de Thabarie"[995]m ODO of Tiberias, son of GAUTHIER de Saint-Omer Lord of Tiberias & his second wife Eschiva II de Bures Lady of Tiberias. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 15.  LORDS of TIBERIAS

 

 

 

A.      LORD of TIBERIAS, PRINCE of GALILEE (APULIA)

 

 

TANCRED, son of Marquis EUDES "le Bon" & his wife Emma of Apulia [daughter of Robert "Guiscard" Duke of Apulia] (1076-in Syria 5 Dec 1112).  He took part in the First Crusade with his uncle, later Bohémond I Prince of Antioch.  "Tancredus Odonis boni marchisi filius" is recorded by Orderic Vitalis as one of those who left with Bohemond of Apulia on the First Crusade in 1097[996].  He captured Tiberias in 1099, later conquering the whole of Galilee and the port of Haifa.  He declared himself Lord of Tiberias.  He left Palestine to become regent of Antioch in Mar 1101 during his uncle's imprisonment 1101, until 1103.  Albert of Aix records that "Tancredus" was made prince of Antioch after the captivity of "Boemundi", dated to 1101 from the context[997].  At the council of crusader rulers outside Tripoli in Jun 1109, Tancred was given back the title "Prince of Galilee", under the suzerainty of Baudouin I King of Jerusalem[998].  In 1110 he captured the castle of the Kurds, which later became Krak of the Knights.  He succeeded his uncle in 1111 as Prince of Antioch

 

 

 

B.      LORDS of TIBERIAS (FAUQUEMBERGUES)

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known.  The name “Fauquembergues/Fauquemberghes” suggests a family connection with the châtelains de Saint-Omer (see the document NORTHERN FRANCE NOBILITY), one of whose members was Lord of Tiberias later in the 12th century (see below, Part F).  Another possibility is that the brothers Hugues and Gérard were members of the household of the châtelains, unrelated to their suzerains. 

 

1.         HUGUES de Fauquembergues (-killed in battle Hauran Aug 1106, bur Nazareth).  "Hugo nomine de Falcamberga" accompanied Baudouin II from Edessa to claim the throne of Jerusalem in 1100[999].  William of Tyre records that "Hugo de Sancto Aldemaro" was invested as Lord of Tiberias 9 Mar 1101 after Tancred left Palestine to become regent of Antioch[1000].  Albert of Aix records "…Hugo de Falkenberc…" among those who spent Easter in Jerusalem with Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, dated to 1102 from the context[1001].  "Ugo de Tabaria…" subscribed the charter dated 1104 under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem granted property to the church of St Lawrence, Genoa[1002].  Albert of Aix names "Hugo de Tabaria, Rorgius de Cayphas, Guntfridus de Turri David, Hugo de Sancto Abraham, Eustachius Granarius, Gutmannus de Brussella castello Brabantiæ, Lithardus de Cameraco civitate Galliæ, Pisellus de Tuorna, Baldewinus de Hastrut castellis Flandrie" as those who went to relieve King Baudouin at Jaffa, dated to [1105/06] from the context[1003].  He built the castle of Toron between the sea and the Mount of Lebanon in 1106[1004].  He was killed by Turks in the Hauran.  Albert of Aix records the expedition of "Hugo de Tabaria" to "terram Grossi Rustici nomine Suet" from where he travelled to "civitatem Belinas quam dicunt Cæsaream Philippi" with his plunder, but was surprised by the Turks and killed, and buried at Nazareth, dated to [1106] from the context[1005]m ---.  The name of Hugues's wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

a)         ESCHIVA .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Eschive et Helvis" as the two daughters of "Hue de Saint Omer", stating that she was "dame de Tabarie" and married "Guillaumin de Bures…conestable dou royaume"[1006].  Lady of Tiberias.  m GUILLAUME [II] de Bures, son of --- (-after 1 Feb 1147).  In the kingdom of Jerusalem from before 1115, he was a rear-vassal of Joscelin de Courtenay in Tiberias.  He was invested as Lord of Tiberias 1119 after Joscelin de Courtenay was named Count of Edessa by Baudouin II King of Jerusalem.  Constable and bailiff of Jerusalem 1123. 

b)         HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Eschive et Helvis" as the two daughters of "Hue de Saint Omer", stating that Helvis married "un franc hom d'outremer"[1007]m ---.  One child: 

i)          AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "niece de Eschive la dame de Thabarie" as wife of "Gautier…de Baruth"[1008].  Another manuscript of the Lignages records that Agnes was the daughter of "Helvis" daughter of "Hue de Saint Omer" and her husband "un franc hom d'outremer", stating that she married "Gautier de Baruth"[1009]m as his second wife, GAUTHIER [III] Brisebarre Lord of Beirut, son of GUY [II] Brisebarre & his wife [Marie of Beirut] (-1179 or after). 

2.         GERARD de Fauquembergues (-Nazareth [Sep] 1106, bur Nazareth).  He served in the retinue of his brother.  Albert of Aix records the expedition of "Hugo de Tabaria" to "terram Grossi Rustici nomine Suet" from where he travelled to "civitatem Belinas quam dicunt Cæsaream Philippi" with his plunder, but was surprised by the Turks and killed, and buried at Nazareth, as well as the death in Nazareth eight days later of "frater…eiusdem Hugonis, Gerardus" who was also buried there, dated to [1106] from the context[1010]

 

 

 

C.      LORDS of TIBERIAS (BAZOCHES)

 

 

Two probable brothers: 

1.         HUGUES [de Bazoches] (-after 28 Sep 1110).  [Seigneur de Bazoches-sur-Vesle.]  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers, among which "in Tabaria" by "Hugo et Gervasius", by charter dated 28 Sep 1110[1011]

2.         GERVASE [de Bazoches] (-executed Damascus 1108).  Albert of Aix records that Baudouin I King of Jerusalem appointed "Gervasium…de regno occidentalis Franciæ" to replace "Hugo de Tabarias", dated to [1106] from the context[1012].  He was invested as Lord of Tiberias.  He was defeated and captured by Tughtikin atabeg of Damascus, and executed when negotiations for his ransom broke down.  Albert of Aix records that "Gervasius…qui tunc dono Regis præerat civitati et præsidio Tabariæ" was captured in Tiberias by Turks from Damascus, where he was taken in chains and killed in public when negotiations for his ransom broke down, dated to [1108] from the context[1013].  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers, among which "in Tabaria" by "Hugo et Gervasius", by charter dated 28 Sep 1110[1014]

 

 

 

D.      LORD of TIBERIAS, PRINCE of GALILEE (COURTENAY)

 

 

JOSCELIN de Courtenay, son of JOSCELIN [I] Seigneur de Courtenay & his second wife Isabelle de Montlhéry (-[Aleppo] 1131, before Oct 1).  The Historia of Monk Aimon names "Milonem de Cortiniaco, Joscelinum Comitem Edesse, Gaufridum Chapalii" as the children of "Joscelinum de Cortiaco" and his wife "Elisabeth filiam Milonis de Monte-Letherico"[1015].  William of Tyre refers to "Joscelinus de Cortenay vir nobilis de Francia de regione dicitur Gastineis" as "consobrinus" of Baudouin du Bourg Count of Edessa, later Baudouin II King of Jerusalem, when he records Joscelin´s arrival in Edessa in 1102 after being called from France by Baudouin[1016].  In a later passage, he specifies that Joscelin´s mother was the sister of Baudouin de Bourg's mother, according to the testimony of her granddaughter concerning the consanguinity between Amaury I King of Jerusalem and his first wife which provided the basis for the annulment of their marriage in 1162[1017].  William of Tyre refers to him as "consanguineus" of Count Baudouin when they were both captured the following year[1018].  Joscelin arrived in Palestine, probably with the contingent led by Guillaume II Comte de Nevers.  On his arrival, Baudouin II Count of Edessa enfeoffed him with land west of the Euphrates, with his capital at Turbessel[1019].  In Summer 1103, he took part in the raid against the territory of Aleppo led by Bohémond I Prince of Antioch and captured Muslimiye.  In 1104, he captured Marash[1020].  He was captured with Baudouin II Count of Edessa by Soqman, Ortokid Prince of Mardin, after the battle of Harran in 1104, and released in 1107, although he exchanged himself with Baudouin Count of Edessa to ensure the latter's release, but was released again within a few months[1021].  Suspected by Count Baudouin of wishing to supplant him as Count of Edessa, he was imprisoned in 1112 and subsequently went southwards where he was enfeoffed as Prince of Galilee [Lord of Tiberias] by Baudouin I King of Jerusalem[1022].  Albert of Aix records that Baudouin I King of Jerusalem granted "terram et reditus Tabariæ in beneficio" to "Gozelini de Curtenau…filius…amitæ Baldewini de Burg"[1023].  He succeeded in 1118 as JOSCELIN I Count of Edessa, chosen by Baudouin II shortly after he became king of Jerusalem. 

 

 

 

E.      LORDS of TIBERIAS, PRINCES of GALILEE (BURES)

 

 

1.         GODEFROI [Geoffroy] de Bures (-killed in battle Hauran Mar 1119).  Albert of Aix records that "Godefrido de Bures et de terra civitatis Parisius…fratrique illius Willelmo" raided flocks and was killed, dated to [1119] from the context[1024].  Possible children (cited as nephews of Guillaume):

a)         [ELINARD de Bures (-before [1154]).  "Willelmus de Buris, Tyberiadis dominus" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "nepotibus meis Helia et Willelmo…heredes", by charter dated 1126[1025]Prince of Galilee 1142-Aug 1148.  William of Tyre records "Helinandus Tyberiadensis" among the magnates in Palestine present at the council held at Acre recorded under 1148[1026].]  m ---.  The name of Elinard's wife is not known.  However, she may have been Ermengarde d'Ibelin, daughter Balian of Ibelin Lord of Rama & his wife Helvis of Rama (-[1160/67]).  This is suggested by the charter dated 14 Jan 1155 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed the donation by "Hugo de Hybelino et…fratris sui Balduini et sororis sue Hermengardis domine Tiberiadis et matris sue Helois…" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[1027].  There is no other indication that Ermengarde was Lady of Tiberias in her own right, and Elinard is the only Lord of Tiberias who could have been her husband from a chronological point of view.  Elinard & his wife had one child: 

i)          ESCHIVA [II] .  The Chronicle of Ernoul records that "un seigneur á Tabarie…castelains…de Saint Omer" married "la dame de Tabarie" and had four sons[1028].  Her marriage is recorded by William of Tyre, who names her and her first husband "domini Galterii principis Galileæ" but does not record her parentage[1029]Pss of Galilee 1159-1187.  "Gualterus…princeps totius Galilee" donated the property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "uxore mee Eschive" by charter dated 1165 which also names "dominus Willelmus de Buris predecessor meus…et heredum suorum Radulfi de Ysis et Symonis"[1030].  "Gauterius, Galilææ princeps et S. Audomari castellanus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Eschivæ et filii Hugonis", by charter dated 28 Apr [1166][1031].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschiva la dame de Thabarie" as the wife of "Reymont…conte"[1032].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the second marriage of "le dame de Tabarie au conte de Triple…Raimons"[1033]m firstly (before Mar 1159) GAUTHIER de Fauquemberghes Châtelain de Saint-Omer, son of GUILLAUME Châtelain de Saint-Omer & his wife Aganitrude de Bruges (-1174).  Lord of Tiberias 1159.  m secondly ([1 Oct 1174) RAIMOND III Count of Tripoli, of RAYMOND II Count of Tripoli [Toulouse] & his wife Hodierne of Jerusalem ([1139/40]-Tripoli end Sep 1187). 

b)         [GUILLAUME de Bures (-[Sep 1158/Mar 1159])"Willelmus de Buris, Tyberiadis dominus" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "nepotibus meis Helia et Willelmo…heredes", by charter dated 1126[1034]Prince of Galilee 1154.  "Gualterus…princeps totius Galilee" donated the property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "uxore mee Eschive" by charter dated 1165 which also names "dominus Willelmus de Buris predecessor meus…et heredum suorum Radulfi de Ysis et Symonis"[1035].]   

2.         GUILLAUME de Bures (-after 1 Feb 1147).  Albert of Aix records that "Godefrido de Bures et de terra civitatis Parisius…fratrique illius Willelmo" raided flocks and was killed, dated to [1119] from the context[1036].  In the kingdom of Jerusalem from before 1115, he was a rear-vassal of Joscelin de Courtenay in Tiberias.  He was invested as Lord of Tiberias 1119 after Joscelin de Courtenay was named as Count of Edessa by Baudouin II King of Jerusalem.  William of Tyre records "Wilelmus de Buris" among those present at the Council of Nablus in 1120 at which Gormundus Patriarch of Jerusalem delivered a sermon[1037].  He succeeded Eustache Garnarius as Constable and bailiff of Jerusalem 1123, acting as regent during the captivity of King Baudouin II[1038].  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem granted privileges to the Venetians by charter dated 2 May 1125, subscribed by "…Honfrodus de Corone, Guido de Miliaco, Radulfus de Fontanellis, Goffredus Tortus, Rainerius de Bruso, Guido Lidensis dominus, Guipertus de Caipha…Guilielmus de Buris, Tyberiadis…Ugo Joppensis dominus, Gualterius Brisebarre, Beritti dominus, Eustachius Granerius…"[1039].  "Willelmus de Buris, Tyberiadis dominus" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "nepotibus meis Helia et Willelmo", by charter dated 1126[1040].  In 1127, together with Guy Brisebarre, he led the mission of Baudouin II King of Jerusalem offering the hand in marriage of his daughter Mélisende to Foulques V Comte d'Anjou[1041].  "Willelmus de Buris" donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated 1131 for the benefit of "nepos suus Willelmus monachus", subscribed by "Radulfus de Ysiaco , Warmundus"[1042].  "Willelmus de Buris" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "nepotum meorum Radulfi de Ysis et Simonis" by charter dated 1132[1043].  "Willelmus de Buris Tyberiadis dominus…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1138 under which "Fulcho…rex Ierusalem Latinorum tercius" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[1044]m firstly (before 1115) AGNES, daughter of ---.  Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the hospital of Notre-Dame de Josaphat by "Willelmi de Bures baronis mei…et Agnes nobilis uxor eius" by charter dated 1115[1045]m secondly ESCHIVA de Fauquemberques Pss of Galilee, daughter of HUGUES de Fauquembergues Prince of Galilee & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Eschive et Helvis" as the two daughters of "Hue de Saint Omer", stating that she was "dame de Tabarie" and married "Guillaumin de Bures…conestable dou royaume"[1046].  Guillaume & his first wife had four children: 

a)         GEOFFROY .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

b)         RAOUL .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk on Mount Sion. 

c)         SIMON .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk at the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[1047]

3.         daughterm RAOUL de Ysis, son of ---.  Raoul & his wife had two children: 

a)         RAOUL de Ysis .  "Willelmus de Buris" donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated 1131 for the benefit of "nepos suus Willelmus monachus", subscribed by "Radulfus de Ysiaco, Warmundus"[1048].  "Willelmus de Buris" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "nepotum meorum Radulfi de Ysis et Simonis canonicis S. Sepulchri" by charter dated 1132[1049].  "Gualterus…princeps totius Galilee" donated the property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "uxore mee Eschive" by charter dated 1165 which also names "dominus Willelmus de Buris predecessor meus…et heredum suorum Radulfi de Ysis et Symonis"[1050]

b)         [SIMON [de Ysis] .  "Willelmus de Buris" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "nepotum meorum Radulfi de Ysis et Simonis canonicis S. Sepulchri" by charter dated 1132[1051].  It is not certain from this text that Simon was the brother of Raoul de Ysis.  "Gualterus…princeps totius Galilee" donated the property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "uxore mee Eschive" by charter dated 1165 which also names "dominus Willelmus de Buris predecessor meus…et heredum suorum Radulfi de Ysis et Symonis"[1052].  William of Tyre records "Symon Tiberiadensis" among the magnates in Palestine present at the siege of Ascalon in 1153[1053].] 

c)         [GUILLAUME .  "Willelmus de Buris" donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat by charter dated 1131 for the benefit of "nepos suus Willelmus monachus"[1054].  The identity of Guillaume's parents is uncertain, but as "Radulfus de Ysiaco" subscribed the document it is likely that he was a close relation of the second Guillaume, maybe his brother.] 

4.         [--- .  m ---.]  One possible child: 

a)         [son .  The precise identity of the husband of Helvis is not clear from the text of the Lignages quoted below.  However, it would be chronologically consistent for the Lord of Tiberias in question to have been Guillaume de Bures.  m HELVIS, daughter of PHILIPPE Lord of Nablus & his wife Isabelle du Puy.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvys et Estefenie" as the two daughters of "mesire Phelippe de Naples", specifying that Helvis was wife "dou nevou dou seignor de Thabarie", who was in dispute with the king, and that she left the country and died without heirs[1055].] 

5.         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         AGNES .  William of Tyre records that, after his first wife died, "domini…Rainerii Brus" married "Agnetem…domini Wilelmi de Buris neptem", who married secondly after her husband died "Girardus Sydoniensis"[1056]m firstly as his second wife, RENIER Brus Lord of Banyas, son of --- (-after 5 Feb 1138).  m secondly (late 1138 or after) GERARD Lord of Sidon, son of EUSTACHE [I] Garnier Lord of Cæsarea & his wife Emma --- (-before 1171). 

 

 

 

F.      LORDS of TIBERIAS (FAUQUEMBERGHES)

 

 

GAUTHIER de Fauquemberghes, son of GUILLAUME [II] Châtelain de Saint-Omer & his wife Mélisende de Picquigny (-1174).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium names (in order) "Willermum…Hostonem, Gerardum…Hugonem de Falkenberga, Walterum" as the five sons of "Willelmus Andomarensis castellanus" & his wife, specifying that Gautier was "Tiberiadis vel Tabarie principem"[1057].  "Willelmo quoque castellano et Waltero eius filio" signed the charter dated 1143 under which Thierry Count of Flanders exchanged land with the abbey of Saint-Omer[1058].  This charter suggests that Gauthier was the oldest son of Guillaume [II], despite the order of children given in the Historia Comitum GhisnensiumChâtelain de Saint-Omer.  "Walterus castellanus Sancti Audomari" signed the charter dated 1145 under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the abbey of Eaucourt[1059].  "…Galteri castellani Sancti Audomari…" signed the charter dated 1151 under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the town of Saint-Omer[1060].  "Walterus castellanus Sancti Audomari…" signed the charter dated to [1157] under which Thierry Count of Flanders donated property to the town of Saint-Omer[1061].  The assessed date of this charter may be incorrect assuming that the date of the next entry is correct, unless Gauthier returned to Flanders before journeying east once more before 1159.  William of Tyre records "Gauderus de Sancto-Aldemaro" among the magnates in Palestine present at the siege of Ascalon in 1153[1062]Lord of Tiberias 1159.  "…Galterius Tiberyadensis dominus, Guormundus Tiberiadensis…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jul 1160 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, listed second and third among the subscribers[1063].  "…Galterius de Sancto Audemaro castellanus et Tiberiadis dominus, Gormundus Tyberiadensis…" subscribed the charter dated 21 Nov 1161 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed a donation of property by "Iohannes Gothmannus", with the consent of "…filiaque predicti Iohannis Helisabeth, uxore…Hugonis…", to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[1064].  "Galterius princeps Galilee…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[1065].  His date of death is fixed by the charter dated 1174 under which "Eschiva, domina Tabariæ…cum Hugone filio" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, for the soul of "Galterii mariti"[1066]

[m firstly ([1150/52]) MARIE de Brienne, daughter of GAUTHIER [II] Comte de Brienne & his [first/second] wife Humbeline de Baudément (-[1152/58]).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Aerardum comitem et Andream atque Mariam castellanam de Sancto Otmaro cum aliis liberis" as children of "Galterus comes"[1067].  Marie´s husband is not named in this source.  However, Gauthier was châtelain de Saint-Omer at the time of the marriage, and the wife of his brother and successor Guillaume is recorded as Mathilde.] 

m [secondly] (before Mar 1159) as her first husband, ESCHIVA [II] de Bures Lady of Tiberias, daughter of ELINARD de Bures Prince of Galilee & his wife [Ermengarde d'Ibelin].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records that "un seigneur á Tabarie…castelains…de Saint Omer" married "la dame de Tabarie" and had four sons[1068].  Her marriage is recorded by William of Tyre, who names her and her first husband "domini Galterii principis Galileæ" but does not record her parentage[1069].  "Gualterus…princeps totius Galilee" donated the property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "uxore mee Eschive" by charter dated 1165 which also names "dominus Willelmus de Buris predecessor meus…et heredum suorum Radulfi de Ysis et Symonis"[1070].  1159/87.  "Gauterius, Galilææ princeps et S. Audomari castellanus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Eschivæ et filii Hugonis", by charter dated 28 Apr [1166][1071].  "Eschiva, domina Tabariæ…cum Hugone filio" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, for the soul of "Galterii mariti", by charter dated 1174[1072].  She married secondly ([1 Oct 1174]) Raimond III Count of Tripoli [Toulouse] (-Sep 1187).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschiva la dame de Thabarie" as the wife of "Reymont…conte"[1073].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the second marriage of "le dame de Tabarie au conte de Triple…Raimons"[1074]

Gauthier & his [second] wife had four children: 

1.         HUGUES ([1150]-after 1204).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue et Guillaume et Oste et Raoul" as the four sons of "Eschive la dame de Thabarie"[1075].  Caffaro names "Ugonem, Ostem, Willermum et Raulfum" as the four sons of "comitem Raimundem de Tripoli…uxor…[ex] alium virum"[1076].  "Gauterius, Galilææ princeps et S. Audomari castellanus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "uxoris Eschivæ et filii Hugonis", by charter dated 28 Apr [1166][1077].  "Eschiva, domina Tabariæ…cum Hugone filio" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, for the soul of "Galterii mariti", by charter dated 1174[1078].  He was captured by Saladin near Marj Ayn 20 Jun 1179[1079].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records that "Hues de Tabarie et Guillaumes ses freres…fil le castelain de Saint Omer et fillastre le conte de Triple" fought Saladin [in 1177][1080].  In prison 1177/81.  Prince of Galilee until 1197.  He lost his lands in Galilee to the Muslims.  Lord of Tiberias.  He left Palestine for Constantinople after the establishment of the Latin Empire in 1204[1081]m as her first husband, MARGUERITE Ibelin, daughter of BALIAN [II] Ibelin Lord of Nablus, Rama and Miribel & his wife Maria Komnene.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife[1082].  In a later passage, the Lignages record that "Marguerite, l'autre suer" married "Hue seignor de Thabarie", by whom she was childless, and secondly "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" by whom she had one son and four daughters[1083].  She married secondly (before 1210) Gauthier Lord of Caesarea Constable of Cyprus. 

2.         GUILLAUME (-before 1204).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue et Guillaume et Oste et Raoul" as the four sons of "Eschive la dame de Thabarie", specifying that Guillaume was father of "Eschive la dame dou Pui"[1084].  Caffaro names "Ugonem, Ostem, Willermum et Raulfum" as the four sons of "comitem Raimundem de Tripoli…uxor…[ex] alium virum"[1085].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records that "Hues de Tabarie et Guillaumes ses freres…fil le castelain de Saint Omer et fillastre le conte de Triple" fought Saladin [in 1177][1086].  1187/92.  m (after [Feb 1186/88]) as her second husband, MARIE, widow of BAUDOUIN Ibelin Lord of Ramla, daughter of RENIER Constable of Tripoli & his wife --- (-after 1228).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie, la fille Piere de Baruth" as the wife of "Guillaumin", son of "Eschive…dame de Tabarie et…Guillaumin de Bures", although the names of Marie's and Guillaume's fathers are not consistent with the names recorded in other sources[1087].  The Lignages d'Outremer records the second marriage of Marie to "Guillaume de Thabarie" and her third marriage to "Girart de Han", stating that she was mother of "la dame dou Pui et le conestable de Triple" by her third husband[1088].  This is confused by another passage in the Lignages d'Outremer which records that "Echive…dame dou Pui, et ayeulle de cestui conestable de Triple et seignor dou Pui qui ores est" was her daughter by her second husband, while "Thomas…conestable de Triple et Agnes…feme de Hue de Gibellet" were her children by her third husband[1089].  She married thirdly Gérard de Ham Constable of Tripoli.  "Girardus de Ham, constabularius Tripoli cum uxore Maria" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Eschivæ dictæ Mariæ et Willelmi de Tabaria filiæ, Agnetis filiæ dicti Girardi", by charter dated Dec 1204[1090].  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         ESCHIVA .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive" as the daughter of "Guillaumin" & his wife, stating that she married "Hue sans Avoir, le seignor dou Pui"[1091].  "Girardus de Ham, constabularius Tripoli cum uxore Maria" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Eschivæ dictæ Mariæ et Willelmi de Tabaria filiæ, Agnetis filiæ dicti Girardi", by charter dated Dec 1204[1092]m HUGUES "Sans avoir" Seigneur du Puy, son of ---.  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARIE du Puy .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie…dame dou Pui" as the daughter of "Hue sans Avoir, le seignor dou Pui" & his wife, stating that she married "Jehan de Farabel"[1093]m JEAN de Farabel, son of ---.  Seigneur du Puy.  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "…Johan Pharabel dominus dou Pui…", by charter dated Oct 1252[1094].  Jean de Farabel & his wife had six children: 

3.         ODO .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue et Guillaume et Oste et Raoul" as the four sons of "Eschive la dame de Thabarie", specifying that Odo was father of "ceste Eschive de Thabarie"[1095].  Caffaro names "Ugonem, Ostem, Willermum et Raulfum" as the four sons of "comitem Raimundem de Tripoli…uxor…[ex] alium virum"[1096].  Constable of Tripoli 1194/96.  In Armenia 1199.  Lord of Gogulat.  1187/1218.  m FEMIE Garnier of Sidon, daughter of RENAUD Garnier Lord of Sidon Seigneur de Beaufort & his second wife Helvin Ibelin of Nablus.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellin…seignor de Seete et…Agnes et…Femie" as the children of "Renaut seignor de Seete" & his wife, recording that Femie married "Oste de Thabarie" and was mother of "Eschive"[1097].  Odo & his wife had two children: 

a)         ODO (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Oste et Eschive" as the children of "Oste" and his wife "Femie, la fille Renaut le sire de Saiete", stating that "Oste morut"[1098]

b)         ESCHIVA .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Oste et Eschive" as the children of "Oste" and his wife "Femie, la fille Renaut le sire de Saiete", stating that Eschiva married "Heimeri de Rivet"[1099]m AMAURY de Rivet, son of JACQUES de Rivet & his wife Isabelle de Soissons.  Marshal of Cyprus 1197/1210.  Aimery & his wife had one child: 

4.         RAOUL .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue et Guillaume et Oste et Raoul" as the four sons of "Eschive la dame de Thabarie", specifying that Raoul was father of "ceste dame de Thabarie"[1100].  Caffaro names "Ugonem, Ostem, Willermum et Raulfum" as the four sons of "comitem Raimundem de Tripoli…uxor…[ex] alium virum"[1101].  William of Tyre records that "Hue de Tabariè…avoit un frere…Raol"[1102].  1187/1220.  He was proposed by his brother Hugues as a candidate for the throne of Jerusalem, and fourth husband of Isabelle of Jerusalem, after the death of her third husband Henri de Champagne King of Jerusalem in Sep 1197[1103].  The new King Amaury asked Raoul to edit his new edition of the laws of Jerusalem, Le Livre du Roi, in early 1198[1104].  He was accused of involvement in the plot to kill King Amaury at Tyre in Mar 1198, and retired to Tripoli[1105].  Seneschal of Jerusalem 1194 and 1207/10.  Prince of Galilee 1197/98.  Lord of Sarepta 1198.  He went to Constantinople 1204.  m AGNES Garnier of Sidon, daughter of RENAUD Garnier Lord of Sidon Seigneur de Beaufort & his second wife Helvis Ibelin of Nablus.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bellin…seignor de Seete et…Agnes et…Femie" as the children of "Renaut seignor de Seete" & his wife, recording that Agnes married "Raou de Thabarie" and was mother of "[la] dame de Thabarie"[1106].  Raoul & his wife had two children: 

a)         ESCHIVA [III] (-after Feb 1265).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive et Helvis" as the two children of "Raoul…sire de Tabarie" and his wife "Agnes, la fille Renaut, le sire de Saiete", stating that she was "dame de Thabarie" and married "Heude de Monbeliart"[1107].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names "ceste dame de Thabarie" as wife of "Eudde de Monbeliart"[1108].  Lady of Tiberias until 1247.  Pss of Galilee until Feb 1261.  m EUDES de Montfaucon, son of GAUTHIER de Montbéliard Regent of Cyprus & his second wife Bourgogne de Lusignan.  1218/47.  Lord of Tiberias.  Bailli of Jerusalem 1223/27. 

b)         HELVIS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvys, la suer de ceste dame de Thabarie" as wife of "Pierre d'Avalon", specifying that he was nephew of Eudes de Montfaucon-Montbéliard[1109]m PIERRE d'Avalon, son of --- . 

 

 

 

G.      VICOMTES de TIBERIAS

 

 

1.         CALO (-1154 or before).  m ERMENGARDE, daughter of --- (-after 1154).  "Ermengardis vicecomitissa Tyberiadis" donated property "terræ…Mahum et villam Caliphum" to the church of St Lazarus, Tiberias, with the consent of "filii Galterii, filiæ Hodiernæ, et Guillermi domini Tyberiadensis", for the soul of "ipsius mariti Calonis", by charter dated 1154[1110].  Calo & his wife had two children: 

a)         GAUTHIER (-after 1154).  "Ermengardis vicecomitissa Tyberiadis" donated property "terræ…Mahum et villam Caliphum" to the church of St Lazarus, Tiberias, with the consent of "filii Galterii, filiæ Hodiernæ, et Guillermi domini Tyberiadensis", for the soul of "ipsius mariti Calonis", by charter dated 1154[1111]

b)         HODIERNA (-after 1154).  "Ermengardis vicecomitissa Tyberiadis" donated property "terræ…Mahum et villam Caliphum" to the church of St Lazarus, Tiberias, with the consent of "filii Galterii, filiæ Hodiernæ, et Guillermi domini Tyberiadensis", for the soul of "ipsius mariti Calonis", by charter dated 1154[1112]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 16.  LORDS of TORON

 

 

 

1.         HONFROY [I] (-after Mar 1128).  The castle of Toron was constructed in 1105, Honfroy becoming Lord of Toron.  "…Umfredus de Torum…" subscribed the charter dated [1115] under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[1113].  Vassal of Joscelin de Courtenay in 1115.  "…Anfredus de Toronis…" subscribed the charter dated 30 Dec 1120 under which Baudouin II King of Jerusalem donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[1114].  Baudouin II King of Jerusalem granted privileges to the Venetians by charter dated 2 May 1125, subscribed by "…Honfrodus de Corone, Guido de Miliaco, Radulfus de Fontanellis, Goffredus Tortus, Rainerius de Bruso, Guido Lidensis dom, Guipertus de Caipha…Guilielmus de Buris, Tyberiadis…Ugo Joppensis dominus, Gualterius Brisebarre, Beritti dominus, Eustachius Granerius…"[1115].  "…Henfredus de Torone…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1128 under which "Balduinus…rex Iherusalem Latinorum secundus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, signing fourth among the subscribers[1116]m ---.  The name of Honfroy's wife is not known.  Honfroy [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HONFROY [II] (-castle of Hunin 22 Apr 1179).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father as Lord of Toron.   William of Tyre records "Hunfredus de Torono" among the magnates in Palestine present at the council held at Acre recorded under 1148[1117].  Baudouin III King of Jerusalem appointed him Constable of Jerusalem in 1152[1118].  William of Tyre records "Henfredus de Torono" among the magnates in Palestine present at the siege of Ascalon in 1153[1119].  "…Humfredus constabularius…" subscribed the charter dated 27 Jun 1155 under which "Balduinus…Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[1120].  "Humfredus de Torono constabularius…" subscribed the charter dated 13 Jul 1155 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted property previously granted to "Eustachius Ganerius…Galterius predicti Eustachii filius" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, listed first among the subscribers[1121].  Baudouin III King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation of "medietatem castelli Paneadensis" by "Humfredus de Torono constabularius regis voluntate filii Humfredi et filiarum" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Gualterii Berytensis de cujus feodo est et fratrum Guidonis atque Bernardi", by charter dated 4 Oct 1157[1122].  "Henfredus de Torono constabularius et filius eius Henfredus…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jul 1160 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, listed first among the subscribers[1123].  "…Humfredus de Toreno constabularius et filius eius Umfredus…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[1124].  Lord of Banyas.  He relieved Nur ed-Din's siege of Karak, capital of the fief of Oultrejourdain, in 1173[1125].  He was mortally wounded in the forest of Banyas where he was holding up an advancing Muslim army to enable Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem to escape[1126]m firstly ---.  The name and origin of Honfroy´s first wife is not known.  One possibility is that she was --- Brus, daughter of Renier Brus Lord of Banyas & his [first/second] wife ---.  William of Tyre records that "Henfredus de Torono, regius constabularius" held "urbem Paneadem…hereditaria possessio" when recording that he donated part of the town to the Knights Hospitallers, dated to 1156 from the context[1127].  It is therefore possible that Honfroy [II] de Toron held Banyas by right of his wife, who could have been the daughter and heiress of Reiner Brus[1128]m secondly PHILIPPA of Antioch, daughter of RAYMOND [de Poitiers] Prince of Antioch & his wife Constance Pss of Antioch ([1148]-1178, bur St Marie, Josaphat).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  From 1166/67, she had been the mistress of Andronikos Komnenos, who later succeeded as Emperor Andronikos I.  Honfroy [II] & his first wife had [three or more] children:

i)          HONFROY [III] (-1173).  "Henfredus de Torono constabularius et filius eius Henfredus…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Jul 1160 under which "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, listed first among the subscribers[1129].  "…Humfredus de Toreno constabularius et filius eius Umfredus…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Jul 1164 under which "Amalricus…in sancta civitate Ierusalem Latinorum rex quintus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[1130]Lord of Toron.  Nur ed-Din besieged Krak, capital of the fief of Oultrejourdain in 1173, but he was forced to retreat by Honfroy de Toron[1131].  William of Tyre names him "Henfredo iuniore senioris Henfredi filio" when recording his death in 1173[1132].  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem annexed the fief of Toron[1133]m (1163) as her first wife, STEPHANIE de Milly heiress of Oultrejourdain, daughter of PHILIPPE de Milly Lord of Nablus & his wife Isabelle ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvys et Estefenie" as the two daughters of "mesire Phelippe de Naples", specifying that Stephanie was heiress of her father and was wife (firstly) of "Hamfrei le seignor dou Thoron…fiz…Hamfrei…conestable", and (secondly) of "prince Renaut, qui avoit esté prince d'Antioche de par sa feme l'autre"[1134].  William of Tyre names her "Stephaniam Philippi Neapolitani filiam" when recording her (first) husband's death in 1173[1135].  He describes her father's lordship as "Arabiæ secundæ quæ est Petracensis qui locus hodie vulgo Crach, et Syriæ Sobal qui locus hodie Montis Regalis, quarum utraque est trans Jordanem"[1136].  She is named Lady of Krak by William of Tyre (Continuator)[1137].  She married secondly Milon de Plancy, and thirdly ([1175/Nov 1177]) as his second wife, Renaud de Châtillon.  "Hainfredus, filius Hainfredi iuvenis" donated property to St Lazarus, Jerusalem, with the consent of "Rainaldi principis Montis Regalis et domini Ebronensis, Stephanie matris dicti Rainaldi uxoris", for the souls of "Philippi avi sui, Hainfredi connestabuli, Hainfredi patris sui", by charter dated 21 Apr 1183[1138].  Honfroy [III] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HONFROY [IV] of Toron .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hamfrei le tiers" as the son of "Hamfrei le seignor dou Thoron…fiz…Hamfrei…conestable" & his wife[1139].  William of Tyre names him and his father when recording his marriage[1140].  William of Tyre (Continuator) names his mother when recording the annulment of his marriage[1141].  A charter dated 1180 records earlier donations by "Guidonem de Miliaco…dominus Philippus Neapolitanus dominusque Guido Francigena et dominus Henricus Bubalus, predicti Guidonis filii" and the present donation by "Reginaldus quondam princeps Anthiochensis…Montisregalis et Hebron dominus" of property to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Josaphat with the consent of "uxor mea Stephania…et Hanfredi prefate dominie Stephanie filii et uxoris eius Elisabeth filie regis Jerusalem"[1142], although this is presumably misdated if the date of Honfroy's marriage is correct as shown below.  "Hainfredus, filius Hainfredi iuvenis" donated property to St Lazarus, Jerusalem, with the consent of "Rainaldi principis Montis Regalis et domini Ebronensis, Stephanie matris dicti Rainaldi uxoris", for the souls of "Philippi avi sui, Hainfredi connestabuli, Hainfredi patris sui", by charter dated 21 Apr 1183[1143].  While Raymond Count of Tripoli was promoting his wife's candidacy to succeed as queen in 1186, he submitted to Queen Sibylle and put an end to the plan[1144].  He was captured by Saladin when he took Jerusalem 2 Oct 1187, freed by his mother who promised to surrender the castles of Kerak and Montreal but as neither garrisons would obey her order, she returned him to captivity, from which he was released a few months later[1145].  After the annulment of his marriage, Isabelle restored to him the fief of Toron[1146].  He joined the army of Richard I King of England and, as the best Arabic scholar, he undertook negotiations with al-Adil (Saladin's brother) at Lydda in late 1191[1147]m (castle of Kerak Nov 1183, annulled 1190[1148]) as her first husband, ISABELLE of Jerusalem, daughter of AMAURY I King of Jerusalem & his second wife Maria Komnene (1172-before May 1206).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Hamfrei le tiers" married "la reyne Ysabiau" but that they were separated and that he died without heirs[1149].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the marriage of "Hainfrois" and "le serour le roi…Ysabiaus" on the day Saladin started his siege of the castle of Krak[1150].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the ecclesiastical annulment of the marriage of Isabelle and Honfroy "que Hainfrois estoit si mauvais qu'il ne poroit le tiere tenir", undated but in passages which deal with events in 1190[1151].  She was crowned in [Jan] 1198 at Acre as ISABELLE Queen of Jerusalem with her fourth husband. 

(b)       ISABELLE of Toron.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau" as the daughter of "Hamfrei le seignor dou Thoron…fiz…Hamfrei…conestable" & his wife, specifying that she was wife of "Rupin de la Montaigne qui estoit seignor d'Ermenie"[1152].  The Chronique du Royaume de la Petite Arménie of Constable Sempad records the marriage at Jerusalem of "la baron Roupen" and "la fille du seigneur de Karak" in [4 Feb 1181/3 Feb 1182][1153].  She succeeded her brother as Lady of Toron.  m (Jerusalem [4 Feb 1181/3 Feb 1182]) RUPEN III Lord of the Mountains [Armenia-Rupen], son of STEPHANE of Armenia & his wife Rita of Barba'ron [Armenia-Hethum] (1145-6 May 1187, bur Trazarg). 

ii)         daughters (-after 4 Oct 1157).  Baudouin III King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation of "medietatem castelli Paneadensis" by "Humfredus de Torono constabularius regis voluntate filii Humfredi et filiarum" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Gualterii Berytensis de cujus feodo est et fratrum Guidonis atque Bernardi", by charter dated 4 Oct 1157[1154].  The number of daughters is not known. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 17.  LORDS of TYRE (MONTFORT)

 

 

 

PHILIPPE [I] de Montfort, son of GUY de Montfort Seigneur de Ferté-Alais et de Castres-en-Albigeois & his first wife Helvis Ibelin of Nablus ([1206]-murdered Tyre 17 Mar 1270).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe de Monfort et II filles Prunelle et Florence" as children of "Gui de Monfort" and his wife "Heloys"[1155].  He succeeded his father in 1228 as Seigneur de Castres-en-Albigeois et de La Ferté-Alais.  Seigneur de Brétencourt 1230.  He arrived in Palestine in 1239[1156].  After Tyre was captured in 1243 from the Filangieri brothers, Raoul de Soissons, co-Regent of Jerusalem, demanded the city for the kingdom of Jerusalem but with support from the Ibelin family it was given as a fief to Philippe de Montfort who thereby became Lord of Tyre[1157].  Henri I King of Cyprus, in his capacity of Regent of Jerusalem, confirmed Philippe's possession of Tyre in 1246[1158].  He was pretender to the throne of Armenia in 1248, by right of his second wife[1159].  After Hugues III King of Cyprus succeeded as King of Jerusalem in 1268, he attempted to heal the rifts between the families of the Frankish knights and in particular proposed the marriage of his own sister to Philippe de Montfort's son[1160].  He was murdered while he and his older son were praying in a chapel by one of the Assassins of Syria on the orders of Sultan Baibars[1161].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the murder, in 1270 from the context, of "Philippo de Monteforte signor de Sur et de Thorou" at Tyre[1162]

m firstly (before 1228) ELEONORE de Courtenay, daughter of PIERRE [II] Seigneur de Courtenay Emperor of Constantinople & his second wife Yolande de Flandre Marquise de Namur ([1208]-before 1230, bur Paris, Abbaye Saint-Antoine des Champs).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Phelippe de Monfort" married "la fille au comte d'Ausseure"[1163].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

m secondly (Papal dispensation 6 Jul 1240) MARIE of Antioch, daughter of RAYMOND RUPEN Prince of Antioch & his wife Héloise of Cyprus (1215-).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie" as the daughter of "prince Rupin" & his wife, stating that she was (second) wife of "mesire Phelippe de Monfort"[1164].  She succeeded her paternal grandmother as heiress of Toron.  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare refers to the wife of "messier Phelippe de Montfort" as "la dame dou Toron"[1165].  The dispensation issued by Pope Gregory IX for the marriage of "Philippe de Montfort" and "Marie filia regis Armeniæ Rupini" is dated 6 Jul 1240[1166]

Philippe [I] & his first wife had three children: 

1.         PHILIPPE [II] de Montfort (-Tunis 24 Sep 1270, bur Castres).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Phelippe qui fu nom Coton" as son of "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au comte d'Ausseure", stating that Philippe "morut"[1167].  Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais. 

-        SEIGNEURS de CASTRES

2.         daughter .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au conte d'Ausseure" had two daughters, one of whom married "le seignor d'Aneval et orent Robert le seignor d'Aneval"[1168]m --- Seigneur d'Aneval, son of ---. 

3.         daughter .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au conte d'Ausseure" had two daughters[1169]

Philippe [I] & his second wife had four children:

4.         JEAN de Montfort (-27 Nov 1283).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan et Anfroi, Aalis et Helvis" as the four children of "Phelippe de Monfort…sire de Sur" and his second wife[1170].  The Chronicle of Amadi names "messer Joanne" as son of "Philippo de Monteforte signor de Sur et de Thorou" when recording his father's death[1171]Lord of Tyre.  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 26 Nov, in 1283 from the context, of "signor Joan de Monforte, signor de Sur et de Thoron", commenting that he died childless by his wife[1172]m (general Papal dispensation 22 Sep 1268) MARGUERITE of Cyprus, daughter of HENRI of Antioch & his wife Isabelle of Cyprus ([1244]-30 Jan 1308, bur Nicosia, church of Notre-Dame of Tyre).  The Chronicle of Amadi names "madama Margarita…sorella del re Hugo" as wife of "signor Joan de Monforte, signor de Sur et de Thoron", commenting that she was childless when recording the death of her husband[1173].  The dispensation issued by Pope Clement IV for the marriage of "aliquis in Jerosolom et Cipri regnis" and "Marguerite de Lusignan soror regis" is dated 22 Sep 1268[1174].  Her marriage was arranged by her brother Hugues King of Cyprus as part of his plan to heal the rifts between the various Frankish families in the Kingdom of Jerusalem[1175].  Charles King of Sicily instructed Robert de Cornay to provide for "Margarite de Cypro, relicte quondam Joannis Marascotti militis et familiaris nostri" by charter dated 24 Feb [1278][1176].  She grew extremely corpulent in later life[1177].  Lady of Tyre 1284.  She gave the city to her nephew Amaury of Cyprus in 1291[1178].  She became a nun in Cyprus.  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 30 Jan, in 1308 from the context, of "madama Margarita de Lusignan princesa de Antiochia et contessa de Tripoli, dama de Sur et di Thoron…figlia de messer Henrico principe et sorella del re Hugo, relitta del signor de Sur messer Joan de Monforte" and her burial "in la città de Nicossia ne l'abatia della Nostra Donna mazore de Hierusalem, che si chiama in Cypro Nostra Dama de Sur", recording that she had become a nun before she died[1179]

5.         HONFROY de Montfort (-12 Feb 1284).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan et Anfroi, Aalis et Helvis" as the four children of "Phelippe de Monfort…sire de Sur" and his second wife[1180].  The Chronicle of Amadi names "messer Anfredo de Monforte" as brother of "signor Joan de Monforte, signor de Sur et de Thoron", commenting that Hugues King of Cyprus placed the "terra de Thoron" in his possession when his brother died, and that he already held Beirut de iure uxoris[1181]Lord of Tyre.  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 12 Feb, in early 1284 from the context, of "messer Anfredo, fratello de monsignor Joan de Monforte, signor de Sur"[1182]m (general Papal dispensation 1 Oct 1274) as her first husband, ESCHIVA Ibelin, daughter of JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his wife Alice of Athens (1253-Nicosia 1312, bur Nicosia Cathedral).  The Chronicle of Amadi names "madama Civa, figliola del signor de Barutho" as wife of "messer Anfredo de Monforte", stating that her husband held Beirut de iure uxoris[1183].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschive, la dame de Baruth, qui fu feme Hanfroi dou Thoron" as the wife of "Gui" son of Hugues III King of Cyprus[1184].  This is confirmed by another manuscript of the Lignages which names "Ysabeau et Eschive" as the two daughters of Jean son of "Balian…sire de Baruth" & his wife, stating that Eschiva married firstly "Anfroi de Monfort, fis de Phelippe de Monfort, seignor de Sur", and secondly "Gui, le fis au roy Hugue de Chipre…conestable"[1185].  The dispensation issued by Pope Gregory X for the marriage of "Honfroy de Montfort filius quondam Philippi domini Tyri" and "aliqua mulier oriunda Jerusaleme, Cypro vel transmarinis partibus" is dated 1 Oc 1274[1186].  She succeeded her sister in [1282/83] as Lady of Beirut.  She married secondly (Papal dispensation 7 Dec 1291) Guy of Cyprus Constable of Cyprus.  She travelled to Morea in 1308 to claim her rights to the Duchy of Athens, transmitted through her mother[1187].  Honfroy & his wife had seven children: 

a)         son .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Anfroi de Monfort, fis de Phelippe de Monfort, seignor de Sur" & his wife had "III fis et une fille qui morurent, puis ot II fis Amauri et Rupin"[1188]

b)         son .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Anfroi de Monfort, fis de Phelippe de Monfort, seignor de Sur" & his wife had "III fis et une fille qui morurent, puis ot II fis Amauri et Rupin"[1189]

c)         son .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Anfroi de Monfort, fis de Phelippe de Monfort, seignor de Sur" & his wife had "III fis et une fille qui morurent, puis ot II fis Amauri et Rupin"[1190]

d)         daughter .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Anfroi de Monfort, fis de Phelippe de Monfort, seignor de Sur" & his wife had "III fis et une fille qui morurent, puis ot II fis Amauri et Rupin"[1191]

e)         AMAURY de Montfort (-28 Dec 1304, bur Nicosia).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Anfroi de Monfort, fis de Phelippe de Monfort, seignor de Sur" & his wife had "III fis et une fille qui morurent, puis ot II fis Amauri et Rupin"[1192].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death "il di de li Innocenti", in 1304 from the context, of "Almerico de Montforte, figliolo de messer Hanfredo et de madona Civa de Iblim dama de Baruth" and his burial "in la madre chiesa de Nicosia…con suo avo signor de Barutho"[1193]

f)          RUPEN de Montfort (-8 Sep 1313, bur Nicosia Cathedral).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Anfroi de Monfort, fis de Phelippe de Monfort, seignor de Sur" & his wife had "III fis et une fille qui morurent, puis ot II fis Amauri et Rupin"[1194].  The Chronicle of Amadi names "messer Rupin" as son of Eschiva Ibelin[1195].  He succeeded his mother in 1312 as titular Lord of Beirut.  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 8 Sep, in 1313 from the context, of "Ruppin de Monforte signor de Barutho" and his burial "a la madre chiesia de Nicosia"[1196]m (Papal dispendation 22 Nov 1299) as her first marriage, MARIE Ibelin, daughter of BALIAN Ibelin, Seneschal of Cyprus & his wife Alice of Lampron [Armenia-Hethum] ([1285]-after 1340).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gui, Marie, Ysabeau et Marguerite" as the four children of Balian son of "Gui l'autre fis Johan de Ybelin…conestable de Chipre" & his wife, stating that Marie married "Rupin de Monfort"[1197].  Rupen & his wife had two children: 

i)          HONFROY de Montfort (1305-24 Jun 1326, bur Nicosia Franciscan Church).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hanfroi et Johanne" as the two children of "Rupin de Monfort" and his wife[1198].  Titular Lord of Beirut.  Pretender to the Dukedom of Athens.  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 24 Jun, in 1326 from the context, of "il signor Anfredo de Monforte, signor de Barutho et contestabile del regno de Cypro" and his burial "a li frati Menori in Nicosia con l'habito de ditti frati"[1199]m ---.  The name of Honfroy's wife is not known.  Honfroy & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       [ESCHIVA de Montfort (1324-before 1353).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Civa, figliola de Rupin de Monforte, signor de Barutho" as first wife of "Piero…re de Gierusalem e de Cypro"[1200].  The dispensation issued by Pope Clement VI for the marriage of "Pierre de Lusignan secundogenitus regis" and "Echive de Montfort filia quondam Rupeni militis consanguinea Johannis de Convenis card. Portuen." is dated 28 Jun 1342[1201].  It is chronologically impossible for Eschiva to have been the daughter of Rupen.  It is therefore assumed that she was the daughter of Rupen's son Honfroy, but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  m (Papal dispensation 28 Jun 1342) as his first wife, PIERRE I King of Cyprus, son of HUGUES IV King of Cyprus & his second wife Alice d'Ibelin (9 Oct 1328-murdered 16 Jan 1369).] 

(b)       ALIX [Helvis].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

ii)         JEANNE de Montfort .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hanfroi et Johanne" as the two children of "Rupin de Monfort" and his wife[1202].  The dispensation issued by Pope John XXII for the marriage of "Balivus Ibelin Jaffa" and "Jeannette de Montfort" is dated 27 Jul 1322[1203]m (Papal dispensation 27 Jul 1322) as his first wife, BALIAN Ibelin, son of GUY Ibelin titular Count of Jaffa & his [second] wife Marie Ibelin ([1298/1300]-). 

g)         ALIX [Helvis] de Montfort .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1295. 

6.         ALIX de Montfort .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan et Anfroi, Aalis et Helvis" as the four children of "Phelippe de Monfort…sire de Sur" and his second wife[1204]

7.         HELVIS de Montfort (after 1240-).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan et Anfroi, Aalis et Helvis" as the four children of "Phelippe de Monfort…sire de Sur" and his second wife[1205].  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Symon, figliolo di Estasio de Bollion…contestabile d'Antiochia" married "Chielvis, figliola del signor dal Sur" by whom he had "li heredi del contestabile d'Antiochia e la dama de Vernido"[1206].  However, this section of the Lignages is confused, stating that Simon Mansel was a descendant of the Comtes de Boulogne, and implying his birth in the 12th century.  This is inconsistent with Helvis's chronology, but how much truth there may be in this section is unknown.  [m SIMON [Mansel] Constable of Antioch, son of [GUILLAUME --- & his second wife ---].] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 18.  OTHER NOBLE FAMILIES in JERUSALEM

 

 

 

A.      ALEMAN

 

 

1.         GARNIER Aleman m PAVIE Embriaco, daughter of HUGUES [III] "le Boiteux" Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Stephanie de Milly.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gui et Hue et Plaissence et Pavie" as the four children of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit" & his wife, specifying that Pavie was wife of "Garnier l'Aleman" and had two sons and one daughter "Johan et Hue et Helvys"[1207], recording in a later passage that her mother gave to her daughter Pavie "Mergelcolon et Gedin et les autres casaus que thomassin de Cesaire tient ores" which she had inherited from her father[1208].  Garnier & his wife had three children: 

a)         JEAN Aleman (-1264 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Johan et Hue et Helvys" as the three children of "Garnier l'Aleman" & his wife[1209]Lord of Caesarea.  "Johan l'Aleman dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "uxoris Margeritæ, Heilehuis sororis suæ", by charter dated 30 Apr 1249, subscribed by "Hayme l'Aleman cognatus eiusdem Johannis…Garnier l'Aleman cognatus Johannis"[1210].  "Johan Laleman dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Margaretæ uxoris", by charter dated Dec 1253, subscribed by "Hamié Laleman"[1211].  "Johan Laleman dominus Cæsareæ" granted property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Margareta uxor, filia olim Johannis domini de Cæsarea", by charter dated Apr 1255[1212]m (before 30 Apr 1249) MARGUERITE of Caesarea, daughter of JEAN Lord of Caesarea & his wife Alix ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite…Marie…Ysabiau…et Aalis" as the daughters of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Marguerite was mother of "Nicolle seignor de Cesaire et de Thomassin"[1213].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that Marguerite married "Johan l'Aleman"[1214].  "Johan l'Aleman dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "uxoris Margeritæ, Heilehuis sororis suæ", by charter dated 30 Apr 1249, subscribed by "Hayme l'Aleman cognatus eiusdem Johannis…Garnier l'Aleman cognatus Johannis"[1215].  "Johan Laleman dominus Cæsareæ" granted property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Margareta uxor, filia olim Johannis domini de Cæsarea", by charter dated Apr 1255[1216].  Jean & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          HUGUES Aleman (-early 1264).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue, Nycole, Thomas" as the three sons of "Johan l'Aleman" & his wife, stating that Hugues died when "un cheval li chei sus et li brisa le col"[1217].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death, at the end of 1263 (presumably old-style) from the context, of "Hughet che era herede de Cesaria"[1218]

ii)         NICOLAS Aleman (-murdered Jun 1277).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Nicolle seignor de Cesaire et de Thomassin" as sons of Marguerite daughter of Jean Lord of Caesarea[1219].  In another passage, the Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "cestui seignor de Cesaire Nicolle et…Thomassin" as the sons of "Johan [l'Aleman]"[1220].  Titular Lord of Caesarea.  The Continuator of William of Tyre records that Nicolas was murdered by Baudouin Ibelin in revenge for Nicolas having killed Baudouin's brother Jean in 1276[1221]m (1276) as her third husband, ISABELLE Ibelin Lady of Beirut, widow firstly of HUGUES II King of Cyprus, secondly of HAMO le Strange, daughter of JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his wife Alice of Athens ([1252]-[1282/before Nov 1283]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabeau, la dame de Baruth" as the wife of Nicolas, son of "Johan l'Aleman"[1222].  She married fourthly (after 1277) as his first wife, Guillaume Barlais

iii)        THOMAS Aleman .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Nicolle seignor de Cesaire et de Thomassin" as sons of Marguerite daughter of Jean Lord of Caesarea[1223].  In another passage, the Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "cestui seignor de Cesaire Nicolle et…Thomassin" as the sons of "Johan [l'Aleman]"[1224]m AGNES, daughter of RAOUL of Beirut Lord of Blanchegarde & his wife Isabelle ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier, Thomas, Johan et Nicole, Estefenie, Agnes, Marie et Aalis" as the children of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde" & his wife, stating that Agnes married "Thomas le seignor de Cesaire"[1225].  Another passage of the Lignages names "Agnes, la fille de Raoul de Baruth, que l'on appelloit de la Blanche Garde" as wife of "Thomas l'Aleman", stating that they died without heirs[1226]

b)         HUGUES Aleman (-before 26 Mar 1241).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Johan et Hue et Helvys" as the three children of "Garnier l'Aleman" & his wife, specifying that Hugues died without heirs[1227]m ISABELLE de Terremonde Lady of Adelon, daughter of DANIEL de Terremonde & his wife --- (-after 6 Mar 1260).  "Elizabeth de Adelon, filia Danielis de Tenerimonte" donated property by charter dated 26 Mar 1241, which states that she was "viduæ Hugonis Alemanni, fratris…Johanni Alemanni"[1228].  "Isabelle de Adelone vidua Hugonis fratris domini Acconensi" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 6 Mar 1260[1229].  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

i)          daughter .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that Jean, son of "Henri…seignor de Giblet" & his wife, married "la fille de Hugue Salaman" and had two sons "qui morurent"[1230]m (1277, divorced) JEAN de Giblet, son of HENRI Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Isabelle Ibelin (-murdered Nephin Jan 1282). 

c)         HELVIS Aleman .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Johan et Hue et Helvys" as the three children of "Garnier l'Aleman" & his wife, specifying that Helvis married "Baudoyn de Longuevaus" and left overseas[1231].  "Johan l'Aleman dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "uxoris Margeritæ, Heilehuis sororis suæ", by charter dated 30 Apr 1249, subscribed by "Hayme l'Aleman cognatus eiusdem Johannis…Garnier l'Aleman cognatus Johannis"[1232]m (after 30 Apr 1249) BAUDOUIN de Longuevaux, son of ---. 

 

 

The precise relationship between Haimo Aleman and the preceding Aleman family has not been ascertained. 

1.         HAIMO Aleman (-after Dec 1253).  "Johan l'Aleman dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "uxoris Margeritæ, Heilehuis sororis suæ", by charter dated 30 Apr 1249, subscribed by "Hayme l'Aleman cognatus eiusdem Johannis…Garnier l'Aleman cognatus Johannis"[1233].  "Johan Laleman dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Margaretæ uxoris", by charter dated Dec 1253, subscribed by "Hamié Laleman"[1234]m ---.  The name of Haimo's wife is not known.  Haimo & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARNIER Aleman .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Garnier l'Aleman" as son of "Haime l'Aleman et d'Agnes de Francleu"[1235].  "Johan l'Aleman dominus Cæsareæ" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "uxoris Margeritæ, Heilehuis sororis suæ", by charter dated 30 Apr 1249, subscribed by "Hayme l'Aleman cognatus eiusdem Johannis…Garnier l'Aleman cognatus Johannis"[1236]m AGNES de Terremonde, daughter of DANIEL de Terremonde & his wife Agnes de Gibelet.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Agnes…feme de Garnier l'Aleman" as daughter of Daniel de Terremonde & his wife[1237].  Garnier & his wife had three children: 

i)          GILLE Aleman .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gille, et Hayme qui est outremer, et Ysabeau" as the children of "Garnier l'Aleman" & his wife, specifying that Gille married "Aalis…niece de Pierre d'Avalon, qui est ores de Guichart de Coisquigni"[1238]m ALIX, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis…niece de Pierre d'Avalon, qui est ores de Guichart de Coisquigni" as wife of Gille Aleman[1239].  Gille & his wife had three children: 

(a)       AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Anesine et Marion et Daniel" as the children of Gille Aleman & his wife[1240].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Agnes, la fille de Gile l'Aleman" as the wife of Gauthier son of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde"[1241]m GAUTHIER of Blanchegarde, son of RAOUL of Beirut Lord of Blanchegarde & his wife Isabelle of Caiphas. 

(b)       MARION .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Anesine et Marion et Daniel" as the children of Gille Aleman & his wife[1242]

(c)       DANIEL .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Anesine et Marion et Daniel" as the children of Gille Aleman & his wife[1243]

ii)         HAIMO Aleman .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gille, et Hayme qui est outremer, et Ysabeau" as the children of "Garnier l'Aleman" & his wife, specifying that Haimo married "la fille de Raymon Faisan"[1244]m ---, daughter of RAYMOND Faisan & his wife ---. 

iii)        ISABELLE Aleman .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gille, et Hayme qui est outremer, et Ysabeau" as the children of "Garnier l'Aleman" & his wife[1245].  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Ysabiau…fille de Garnier l'Aleman et d'Agnes…fille de Daniel de Terremonde" as wife of "Phelippe…chamberlain et seignor de Cossi"[1246]m PHILIPPE Lord of Cossie, son of JEAN Lord of Cossie & his wife Isabelle de Mallenbec. 

 

 

 

B.      DAMPIERRE

 

 

1.         EUDES [I] de Dampierre, son of EUDES [II] de Dampierre[-sur-Salon] & his wife Colombe --- (-after [1207/10]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Seigneur de Chargey-les-Gray m ([1202/07], divorced before 1210) as her first husband, HELOISE of Cyprus, daughter of AMAURY I King of Cyprus and Jerusalem & his first wife Eschiva Ibelin (before [1185/93]-[7 Feb 1216/Mar 1219]).  Her first marriage is confirmed by a letter of Pope Innocent III which records her abduction by Rupin from her husband "milite Odone de Dampierre"[1247].  It was probably arranged by her brother-in-law Gauthier de Montbéliard[1248].  Her birth date range is estimated from her having given birth to one child by her first marriage before 1210.  She married secondly (before Sep 1210) Raymond Rupen of Antioch.  Her name, origin and second marriage are confirmed by the charter dated Sep 1210 under which "uxoris mee domine Helwisie filie domini Hemerici regis Iherusalem et Cipri" consented to the confirmation by "Raymundus Rupinus…princeps Antiochie filius Raymundy primogeniti filii Boamundi principis Antiochie" of the privileges of the Knights Hospitaller[1249].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "Rupini [filii Raimundi]" married "materteram…Henricus rex Cypri" but does not name her[1250].  After her second husband's death, she returned to Cyprus with her daughters[1251].  Eudes [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         RICHARD de Dampierre .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m ALIX of Caesarea, daughter of JEAN Lord of Caesarea & his wife Alix [de Montaigu].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite…Marie…Ysabiau…et Aalis" as the daughters of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Alix died as a child and was a nun[1252].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that Alix married "Richart de Dampiere et morut"[1253]

b)         [GAUTHIER [I] de Dampierre .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gautier de Dampierre" as husband of "ceste Tsabiau de Cesaire", specifying that he was nephew of Eudes de Montfaucon-Montbéliard[1254].  His precise parentage has not yet been ascertained, but it is probable that he was a younger son of Eudes [I] de Dampierre (whose wife was the maternal aunt of Eudes de Montfaucon-Montbéliard).]  m ISABELLE of Caesarea, daughter of JEAN Lord of Caesarea & his wife Alix [de Montaigu].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite…Marie…Ysabiau…et Aalis" as the daughters of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Isabelle was mother of "Eudde de Dampierre"[1255].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that Isabelle married "Gautier de Dampierre" and had one son "Heude" who married "Aalis la fille Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chipre…et orent…Gautier et Johan et Eschive qui est beguine. Gautier espousa Eschive, la fille Phelippe de Ybelin conestable de Chipre…et orent I fis Heude"[1256].  Gauthier [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          EUDES [II] de Dampierre (-before 1291)The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marguerite…Marie…Ysabiau…et Aalis" as the daughters of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre" & his wife, specifying that Isabelle was mother of "Eudde de Dampierre"[1257].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that Isabelle married "Gautier de Dampierre" and had one son "Heude" who married "Aalis la fille Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chipre…et orent…Gautier et Johan et Eschive qui est beguine. Gautier espousa Eschive, la fille Phelippe de Ybelin conestable de Chipre…et orent I fis Heude"[1258]m ([1270/75]) ALIX Ibelin, daughter of GUY Ibelin, Constable of Cyprus & his wife Philippa Barlais ([1255]-).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Ysabeau, Aalis, Eschive, Melissent et Marie" as the five daughters of "Gui l'autre fis Johan de Ybelin, sire de Baruth…conestable de Chipre" & his wife, stating that Alix married "Heude de Dampierre"[1259].  Eudes [II] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GAUTHIER [II] de Dampierre (-before 1310).  The Lignages d´Outremer state that Isabelle married "Gautier de Dampierre" and had one son "Heude" who married "Aalis la fille Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chipre…et orent…Gautier et Johan et Eschive qui est beguine. Gautier espousa Eschive, la fille Phelippe de Ybelin conestable de Chipre…et orent I fis Heude"[1260].   

-         see below

(b)       JEAN de Dampierre (-after 1305).  The Lignages d´Outremer state that Isabelle married "Gautier de Dampierre" and had one son "Heude" who married "Aalis la fille Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chipre…et orent…Gautier et Johan et Eschive qui est beguine"[1261].  

(c)       ESCHIVA de Dampierre .  The Lignages d´Outremer state that Isabelle married "Gautier de Dampierre" and had one son "Heude" who married "Aalis la fille Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chipre…et orent…Gautier et Johan et Eschive qui est beguine"[1262].  [Abbess of Croix d´Antioche and of Notre-Dame des Trois-Rois in Cyprus.] 

 

 

GAUTHIER [II] de Dampierre, son of EUDES [II] de Dampierre-sur-Salon & his wife Alix Ibelin (-before 1310).  The Lignages d´Outremer state that Isabelle married "Gautier de Dampierre" and had one son "Heude" who married "Aalis la fille Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chipre…et orent…Gautier et Johan et Eschive qui est beguine. Gautier espousa Eschive, la fille Phelippe de Ybelin conestable de Chipre…et orent I fis Heude"[1263].   

m ([1290]) as her first husband, ESCHIVA Ibelin, daughter of PHILIPPE Ibelin Constable of Cyprus & his wife Simonette de Montbéliard ([1270/75]-after 1324).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Marie, Aalis, Helvis, Eschive et Marguerite" as the five daughters of Philippe Ibelin & his wife, stating that Eschiva married "Gautier de Dampierre"[1264].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "la contessa del Zapho et de Ascalona et dama de Rames, madama Maria de Iblim" and "le sue doe sorelle…madama Alisa moglie di messer Galtier de Bessan, dama de Colletta, et madama Eschiva, dama di S. Nicolò, moglie de messer Galtier Dampiere" were "retained at the royal court…and imprisoned in the house of the Lord of Tyre"[1265].  Lady of Saint-Nicolas.  She married secondly (1310 or before) Hugues de Lusignan Lord of Crusoche.  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "la dama de San Nicola, sorella del principe" (referring presumably to Balian Ibelin who had adopted the title Prince of Galilee) was the wife of "Hughet, figliuolo del signor de Sur", in 1310 from the context[1266]

Gauthier [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         EUDES [III] de Dampierre (-1330 or after)The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Constable of Jerusalem 1324.  m (Papal dispensation 3o and 4o 21 Jul 1322) ISABELLE of Cyprus, daughter of GUY of Cyprus, Constable of Cyprus & his wife Eschiva Ibelin (-after 1340).  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "Guido", younger brother of Henri II King of Cyprus, & his wife had one son and one daughter[1267].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hugue et Yzabeau" as the two children of Guy, son of Hugues III King of Cyprus, & his wife[1268].  Another manuscript of the Lignages records that Isabelle married "Heude de Dampiere, contestabile de Gerusalem" and had two sons and two daughters "Hugo, Galtier, Alisia e Maria"[1269].  The dispensation issued by Pope John XXII for the marriage of "Hudettus de Dampierre" and "nobilis domicella Isabella de Lusignan" is dated 27 Jul 1322[1270].  Eudes [III] & his wife had four children: 

a)         GAUTHIER [III] de Dampierre (-after 1373)The Lignages d´Outremer record that Isabelle married "Heude de Dampiere, contestabile de Gerusalem" and had two sons and two daughters "Hugo, Galtier, Alisia e Maria"[1271].  Seneschal of Cyprus 1367.  m (Papal dispensation 14 Jun 1347, before 10 May 1349]) MARGUERITE de Lusignan, daughter of HUGUES IV King of Cyprus & his second wife Alix Ibelin.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Civa, Isabella e Marietta" as the three daughters of "Hugo, figliolo de Guido de Lusignan…re de Gerusalem e Cypro" and his second wife, stating that Marietta married "Galtier de Dampierre" and died without heirs[1272].  The dispensation issued by Pope Benedict XII for the marriage of "Philippe de Brusnwick filius Henrici ducis" and "Marguerite de Lusignan filia Hugonis regis" is dated 11 May 1337[1273].  The dispensation issued by Pope Clement VI for the marriage of "Gautier de Dampierre nepos regis miles, Paphensis" and "Marguerite de Lusignan filia regis domicella" is dated 14 Jun 1347[1274]

b)         ALIX de Dampierre (-before [1359]).  The Lignages d´Outremer record that Isabelle married "Heude de Dampiere, contestabile de Gerusalem" and had two sons and two daughters "Hugo, Galtier, Alisia e Maria"[1275].  The dispensation issued by Pope Innocent VI for the marriage of "Philippe de Brunswick domicellus, Nicosiensis" and "Alice de Dampierre, vidua Aigne de Bethsan, neptis regis" is dated 14 Apr 1353[1276]m firstly (Papal dispensation 9 Mar 1345) AGNE de Bethsan, son of GAUTHIER of Bethsan & his first wife Marguerite Babin (-[1345/53]).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 3o & 4o 17 Sep 1352) as his first wife, PHILIPP Herzog von Braunschweig, son of HEINRICH II "der Junge" Herzog von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen & his second wife Helvis Ibelin (1332-4 Aug 1369). 

c)         ESCHIVA de Dampierre (-before 1355).  The Lignages d´Outremer record that Isabelle married "Heude de Dampiere, contestabile de Gerusalem" and had two sons and two daughters "Hugo, Galtier, Alisia e Maria"[1277].  The dispensation issued by Pope Benedict XII for the marriage of "Philippe Ibelin consanguineus regis" and "Echive de Dampierre neptis regis, Nicosiensis" is dated 14 Jan 1340[1278].  The primary source which confirms her parentage more precisely has not yet been identified, although the dispensation is dated the same day as the one issued for the marriage of her supposed brother which names his father.  m (Papal dispensation 14 Jan 1340) as his first wife, PHILIPPE Ibelin, son of BALIAN Ibelin titular Lord of Arsur & his wife Marguerite d'Ibelin (-in prison Genoa [Apr 1374/Mar 1376]). 

d)         HUGUES de Dampierre (-before 1349).  The Lignages d´Outremer record that Isabelle married "Heude de Dampiere, contestabile de Gerusalem" and had two sons and two daughters "Hugo, Galtier, Alisia e Maria"[1279]m (Papal dispensation 14 Jan 1340, corrected 7 Jul 1343) as her first husband, MARIE Ibelin, daughter of BALIAN Ibelin of Arsur & his wife Marguerite Ibelin ([1325]-after 1357).  The dispensation issued by Pope Benedict XII for the marriage of "Hugues de Dampierre filius Oddonis connst. nepos regis, Nicosiensis" and "Marie Ibelin, filia quondam Baliani, Nicosiensis" is dated 14 Jan 1340[1280].  She married secondly (Papal dispensation 20 Apr 1349) Jean Ibelin

 

 

 

C.      FLORY

 

 

1.         GISELBERT .  "…Giselbertus de Floriaco vicecomes Acconensi" subscribed the charter dated 22 Oct 1179 by which Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of "Petronilla vicecomitissa Acconensi", with the consent of "filiorum Bauduini et Clarenbaudi et Hodierna prædicti Bauduini uxoris"[1281], although the document does not explicitly state that he was Petronilla's husband.  m PETRONILLA, daughter of --- (-after 22 Oct 1179).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of "Petronilla vicecomitissa Acconensi", with the consent of "filiorum Bauduini et Clarenbaudi et Hodierna prædicti Bauduini uxoris", by charter dated 22 Oct 1179, subscribed by "[1282].  Giselbert & his wife had two children: 

a)         BAUDOUIN (-after 22 Oct 1179).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of "Petronilla vicecomitissa Acconensi", with the consent of "filiorum Bauduini et Clarenbaudi et Hodierna prædicti Bauduini uxoris", by charter dated 22 Oct 1179, subscribed by "Renaldus princeps Montis Regalis et Ebronis dominus…Giselbertus de Floriaco vicecomes Acconensi"[1283]m HODIERNA, daughter of --- (-after 22 Oct 1179).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of "Petronilla vicecomitissa Acconensi", with the consent of "filiorum Bauduini et Clarenbaudi et Hodierna prædicti Bauduini uxoris", by charter dated 22 Oct 1179, subscribed by "Renaldus princeps Montis Regalis et Ebronis dominus…Giselbertus de Floriaco vicecomes Acconensi"[1284]

b)         CLAREMBAUD (-after 22 Oct 1179).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the possessions of "Petronilla vicecomitissa Acconensi", with the consent of "filiorum Bauduini et Clarenbaudi et Hodierna prædicti Bauduini uxoris", by charter dated 22 Oct 1179, subscribed by "Renaldus princeps Montis Regalis et Ebronis dominus…Giselbertus de Floriaco vicecomes Acconensi"[1285]

 

 

2.         JEAN de Flory .  Marshal of Tiberius.  m ---.  The name of Jean's wife is not known.  Jean & his wife had one child: 

a)         AGNES de Flory .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Agnes, la fille Johan de Flouri mareschal de Thabarie" as the wife of Thomas son of "Raoul de la Blanche Garde"[1286]m THOMAS of Blanchegarde, son of RAOUL of Beirut Lord of Blanchegarde & his wife Isabelle of Caiphas. 

 

 

 

D.      GOTHMAN

 

 

1.         --- Gothman (-after [1115]).  "Baronum:…Gothman…" subscribed the charter dated to [1115] under which Baudouin I King of Jerusalem confirmed donations to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[1287]

 

2.         JEAN Gothman .  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed a donation of property by "Iohannes Gothmannus", with the consent of "uxore sua Amandala et filio suo Ancherio eiusdemque uxore Stephania filiaque predicti Iohannis Helisabeth, uxore…Hugonis…", to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 21 Nov 1161[1288]m AMANDALA, daughter of ---.  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed a donation of property by "Iohannes Gothmannus", with the consent of "uxore sua Amandala…", to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 21 Nov 1161[1289].  Jean & his wife had two children: 

a)         ANSCHER .  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed a donation of property by "Iohannes Gothmannus", with the consent of "…filio suo Ancherio…", to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 21 Nov 1161[1290]m STEPHANIE, daughter of ---.  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed a donation of property by "Iohannes Gothmannus", with the consent of "…filio suo Ancherio eiusdemque uxore Stephania…", to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 21 Nov 1161[1291]

b)         ISABELLE (-[1177/78]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau…fille de sire Johan Gomans…feme de Hue de Cesaire" as second wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames"[1292].  "Balduinus…in sancta Iherusalem Latinorum rex quartus" confirmed a donation of property by "Iohannes Gothmannus", with the consent of "…filiaque predicti Iohannis Helisabeth, uxore…Hugonis…", to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 21 Nov 1161[1293].  "Hugo…Cesaree Palestine dominus" donated property with the consent of "uxoris mee Ysabel" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1166[1294]m firstly (before 1160) HUGUES Lord of Caesarea, son of GAUTHIER Lord of Caesarea & his wife Julienne --- (-after 1166).  m secondly (1175) as his second wife, BAUDOUIN Ibelin Lord of Mirabel and Rama, son of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Rama & his wife Helvis --- (1135 or before-[Feb 1186/88]). 

 

 

 

E.      MANDELEE

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Mandelée (-[30 May 1220/Jul 1226])From Calabria, presumably of Norman extraction.  His parentage is not known.  "Willelmo de Amigdaleo eiusque uxore Agnete, filia comitis Joscelini…" reached agreement with the Patriarch of Jerusalem by charter dated Aug 1200[1295]. "Guillelmus Amendelier" donated property "casalis Blanci", with the consent of "Agnetis uxoris filiæ comitis Joscellini", by charter dated Sep 1200[1296].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records that "estoit de Calabre…Huillaume de l'Amandelier" and his arrival at Acre [in 1204][1297].  "Otto comes de Hennemberc" donated property, owed to "Guillelmo de Mandelia" (his brother-in-law), to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "Beatricis uxoris et filii", by charter dated 30 May 1220 at Acre[1298]m AGNES de Courtenay, daughter of JOSCELIN [III] de Courtenay Count of Edessa & his wife Agnes de Milly ([1175/80]-after Sep 1200).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Biatris et Annés" as the two daughters of "dou conte Jocelin" & his wife, specifying that Agnes was mother of "Jaques de la Mandelee", although another manuscript states that she was wife of "Jaque de la Mandelee" and died without heirs[1299].  "Willelmo de Amigdaleo eiusque uxore Agnete, filia comitis Joscelini…" reached agreement with the Patriarch of Jerusalem by charter dated Aug 1200[1300]. "Guillelmus Amendelier" donated property "casalis Blanci", with the consent of "Agnetis uxoris filiæ comitis Joscellini", by charter dated Sep 1200[1301].   Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         JACQUES de Mandelée ([1200/10]-after 7 Jul 1244).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Annés" daughter "dou conte Jocelin" as mother of "Jaques de la Mandelee", although another manuscript states that she was wife of "Jaque de la Mandelee" and died without heirs[1302].  In another passage, the Lignages record that "Jaque de la Mandelee" was son of "Guillaume le seignor de la Mandlee et d'Agnes qui estoit fille dou conte Jocelin de Rohais et de la petite fille de Henri le Bufle"[1303].  Emperor Friedrich II confirmed rights of the Teutonic Knights in property donated by "Jacobum de Amygdala, filium quondam G. junioris filiæ Joscelini" by charter dated Jul 1226[1304].  "Henricus de Honloch, magister domus Theutonicorum et Jacobus de Amigdalia, filius Agnetis, filiæ comitis quondam Jocelini" settled a disagreement by charter dated 7 Jul 1244[1305]m firstly --- de Puille, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer refers to the mother of "Guillaume…[de la Mandelee]" as "de Puille"[1306], although it is not clear whether this refers to a name or simply that she was from "Apulia".  m secondly ([after 20 Apr 1239]) ALIX of Caesarea, daughter of GAUTHIER of Beirut Lord of Caesarea, Constable of Cyprus & his wife Marguerite Ibelin.  The dispensation issued by Pope Gregory IX for the marriage of "Jacques de Amendolia" and "Alix soror Johannis de Cesarea" is dated to [1221/39][1307].  A charter dated 20 Apr 1239 refers to papal dispensations, for 3o consanguinity, for the marriages between "Sipham, gnatam quondam connestablii regni Cyprii" and "Balianno de Ybellino", and "(Aalidem) sororem Johannis de Cæsaria" and "Jacobo de Amendolio"[1308].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis" as other sister of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre", specifying that she married "Jaque de la Mandelee" by whom she was mother of "Ysabiau qui est feme de Thibaut de Bessan"[1309].  Another passage in the Lignages refers to the mother of "Ysabiau…[de la Mandelee]" as "fille dou seignor de Cesaire…Aalis"[1310].  Jacques & his first wife had one child: 

i)          GUILLAUME de Mandelée (-before 23 Apr 1280).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaume…et Ysabiau" as children of "Jaques de la Mandelee"[1311]Lord of Scandelion.  "Guillaume de la Mandelee dominus de Scandelion, filius Jacobi de la Mandelee cum Agnes uxore" granted property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated Jun 1263[1312]m AGNES Lady of Scandelion, daughter of PIERRE Lord of Scandelion & his wife --- (-after 23 Apr 1280).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "ceste dame de Scandelion" as wife of "Guillaume [de la Mandelee]"[1313].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names her "Agnes, la fille de Pierre, le seignor de Scandelion"[1314].  "Guillaume de la Mandelee dominus de Scandelion, filius Jacobi de la Mandelee cum Agnes uxore" granted property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated Jun 1263[1315].  "Agnes de Scandalion, uxor Guillelmi de l'Amandelee" granted property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 16 Feb 1272[1316].  Guillaume & his wife had four children: 

(a)       JOSCELIN de Mandelée .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Jocelin, Gui, Pierre et Aalis" as the children of "Guilliaume de la Mandelee" & his wife, stating that Joscelin "ala en Puille"[1317].  "Jocelinus filius Agnetis olim dominæ Scandaleonis et uxoris quondam Guillelmi de Amigdalea" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 23 Apr 1280[1318]

(b)       GUY de Mandelée .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Jocelin, Gui, Pierre et Aalis" as the children of "Guilliaume de la Mandelee" & his wife, stating that "Gui et Pierre se rendirent as Alemans"[1319]

(c)       PIERRE de Mandalée .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Jocelin, Gui, Pierre et Aalis" as the children of "Guilliaume de la Mandelee" & his wife, stating that "Gui et Pierre se rendirent as Alemans"[1320]

(d)       ALIX de Mandelée .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Jocelin, Gui, Pierre et Aalis" as the children of "Guilliaume de la Mandelee" & his wife, stating that Alix married firstly "Guilliaume Barlais et puis Ague de Bessan"[1321].  Another passage of the Lignages names "Aalis, la fille Guillaumin de la Mandelle" as the wife of Ague son of "Gautier le fis Bauduin de Bessan"[1322]m firstly GUILLAUME Barlais, son of ---.  m secondly as his first wife, AGNE de Bethsan, son of GAUTHIER of Bethsan & his first wife Marguerite Babin (-[1345/53]). 

Jacques & his second wife had one child: 

ii)         ISABELLE de Mandelée .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaume…et Ysabiau" as children of "Jaques de la Mandelee", specifying that Isabelle married "Thibaut de Bessan"[1323].  Another manuscript of the Lignages specifies that Isabelle was daughter of "Jaque de la Mandelee" and his wife "Aalis, la fille de Gautier, le seignor de Cesaire"[1324]m THIBAUT of Bethsan, son of son of GREMONT [II] Lord of Bethsan & his first wife Julienne de Soissons (-[killed in battle Tripoli 1289]). 

 

 

 

F.      RUFUS

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME Rufus (-after Dec 1179).  "Guillermus Rufus olim vicecomes Ascalonintanus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "…uxoris suæ et filiorum", by charter dated Dec 1179[1325]m --- (-after Dec 1179).  Guillaume & his wife had --- children: 

a)         children (-after Dec 1179).  "Guillermus Rufus olim vicecomes Ascalonintanus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "…uxoris suæ et filiorum", by charter dated Dec 1179[1326]

 

 

1.         PHILIPPE Rufus (-after 13 Nov 1181).  Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed the donation of "Philippus Rufus consanguineus regis" by charter dated 13 Nov 1181[1327].  The precise relationship between the king and Philippe Rufus has not yet been identified.  m STEPHANIE de Bethsan, daughter of GREMONT [I] Lord of Bethsan & his wife Marguerite of Beirut.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife, specifying that Stephanie married "Phelippe le Rous" and was mother of "Ysabiau de Bessan, mere de Heymeri Barlais"[1328].  Philippe & his wife had one child: 

a)         ISABELLE de Bethsan (-1234 or after).  William of Tyre names "Ysabeau qui fu fille de Phelipe le Roux" as wife of Renaud Barlais[1329].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Phelippe le Rous" & his wife were parents of "Ysabiau de Bessan, mere de Heymeri Barlais"[1330].  Another passage of the same manuscript of the Lignages records that "Ysabiau de Bessan, qui avoit esté feme de Renaut Barlais" married secondly Bertrand Porcelet, son of Guillaume Porcelet[1331].  "Isabella de Betsan, filia quondam Philippi Ruf[fi]" and "Bertrandus Porcelet" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 1234[1332]m firstly RENAUD Barlais, son of ---.  m secondly BERTRAND Porcelet, son of GUILLAUME Porcelet & his wife Marie de Beirut (-1234 or after). 

 

 

[Two] siblings: 

1.         HENRI Rufus (-after 1234).  "Boemundus dominus Botoronis, Thomas de Ham constabulus Tripolitanus, Henricus de Rufi et Radulfus nepos eius" subscribed the charter dated 1234 under which "Isabella de Betsan, filia quondam Philippi Ruf[fi] et Bertrandus Porcelet" donated property to the Teutonic Knights[1333]

2.         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         RAOUL (-after 1234).  "Boemundus dominus Botoronis, Thomas de Ham constabulus Tripolitanus, Henricus de Rufi et Radulfus nepos eius" subscribed the charter dated 1234 under which "Isabella de Betsan, filia quondam Philippi Ruf[fi] et Bertrandus Porcelet" donated property to the Teutonic Knights[1334]

 

 

 

G.      OTHER NOBILITY

 

 

1.         GODEFROI Burel of Etampes .  Albert of Aix records the role of "Godefridus…cognomen…Burel, de Stampis civitate ortus" at the siege of "Malevillam" during the passage of the first crusaders through Hungary, dated to 1096 from the context[1335].  Albert of Aix records that the crusaders arrived at "urbem Nizh" and requested supplies from "ducem Nichitam principem Bulgarorum" who was then in the town, and were obliged to give him as hostages "Walterus filius Waleramni de Bretul castello…juxta Belvatium et Godefridus Burel de Stampis", who were returned safely after the crusading army passed on[1336].  Albert of Aix records that "Petrus, Reinoldus de Breis, Walterus filius Waleramni de Bretoil, Godefridus Burel, Folcherus Aureliensis" regrouped with 500 men on a mountain after the crusaders were attacked by "ducem Nichitam principem Bulgarorum" outside "urbem Nizh" before proceeding on their way[1337].  Albert of Aix records that "Reinoldum de Breis, Walterum Senzavohir, Walterum quoque de Bretol et Folkerum Aureliensem", leaders of the army of Pierre l´Hermite, refused to counter-attack the Turks after the crusading army was first defeated at Nikaia and were declared cowardly by "Godefridus…Burel" leader of the foot soldiers[1338]

 

 



[1] Röhricht, R. (ed.) (1893) Regesta Regni Hierosolymitani (Oeniponti) 514, p. 136. 

[2] Rozière, E. de (ed.) (1849) Cartulaire de l'église de Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem (Paris) ("Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem"), 169, p. 307. 

[3] Nielen, M.-A. (ed.) (2003) Lignages d'Outremer (Paris), Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 63. 

[4] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[5] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 63. 

[6] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[7] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[8] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[9] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[10] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[11] Rüdt-Collenberg, W. H. (1979) 'Les Ibelins aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles, Généalogie compilée principalement selon les registres du Vatican', Epeteris tou Kentrou Epistemonikon Ereunon IX, 1977-1979 (Nicosia), reprinted in Familles de l'Orient latin XIIe-XIVe siècles (Variorum Reprints, London, 1983), IV, p. 140, which states that Jean was called Jean de Foggia. 

[12] Röhricht (1893), 1100, p. 286. 

[13] Runciman, S. (1951, 1952 and 1954) A History of the Crusades, Vols. 1-3 (Penguin Books, 1978), Vol. 3, p. 230. 

[14] RHC, Historiens occidentaux II, Historia Rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("L'estoire de Eracles Empereur et la conqueste de la terre d'Outremer") Continuator (“WTC”)  XXXIV.III, p. 443. 

[15] R. de Mas Latrie (ed.) (1891) Chroniques d'Amadi et de Strambaldi (Paris) (“Amadi”), p. 205. 

[16] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[17] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[18] Röhricht (1893), 1100, p. 286. 

[19] Röhricht (1893), 1100, p. 286. 

[20] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[21] WTC XXXIV.III, p. 443. 

[22] WTC XXXIV.IV, p. 446. 

[23] Bedrosian, R. (trans.) (2005) Chronicle attributed to King Hethum II (New Jersey) 710  and 713 A.E. [15 Jan 1261/14 Jan 1262] and [15 Jan 1264/14 Jan 1265], available at <http://rbedrosian.com> (20 Aug 2007). 

[24] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 345. 

[25] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 345. 

[26] WTC XXXIV.XXXIII, p. 478. 

[27] Amadi, p. 203. 

[28] Rüdt-Collenberg, W. H. ´Les dispenses matrimoniales accordées à l´Orient Latin selon les Registres du Vatican 1283-1385´, Mélanges de l´Ecole française de Rome. Moyen-Age, Temps modernes, Tome 89, no. 1, (1977), Tableau A, 7, p. 58. 

[29] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 135, footnote 59. 

[30] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 342. 

[31] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[32] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, pp. 99 and 100. 

[33] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, pp. 99 and 100. 

[34] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, pp. 99 and 100. 

[35] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[36] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[37] Amadi, p. 300. 

[38] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[39] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, pp. 99 and 100. 

[40] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[41] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[42] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 53, p. 66. 

[43] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[44] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 68, p. 70. 

[45] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[46] Amadi, p. 406. 

[47] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[48] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 153. 

[49] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 153. 

[50] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), pp. 148-9. 

[51] Amadi, p. 454. 

[52] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 80, p. 72. 

[53] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 116, p. 78. 

[54] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 148. 

[55] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 150. 

[56] Amadi, p. 454. 

[57] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 111, p. 78. 

[58] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), pp. 154-5. 

[59] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 155. 

[60] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 79, p. 72. 

[61] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[62] Rey, E. G. (1869) Les familles d´Outremer de du Cange (Paris), p. 244. 

[63] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber XII, Cap. XI, p. 696. 

[64] Röhricht (1893), 105, p. 25. 

[65] WT XIV.XIX, p. 634. 

[66] Röhricht (1893), 164, p. 40. 

[67] Röhricht (1893), 174, p. 43. 

[68] Röhricht (1893), 181, p. 45. 

[69] WT XIV.XIX, p. 634. 

[70] WT XIV.XIX, p. 634. 

[71] WT Xviii.XII, p. 837. 

[72] Rey (1869), p. 246. 

[73] Historia Comitum Ghisnensium 25, MGH SS XXIV, p. 574. 

[74] Miraeus (Le Mire), A. (1723) Opera diplomatica et historica, 2nd edn. (Louvain), Tome I, Donationes Belgicæ, Liber I, XXXIII, p. 367. 

[75] Miraeus (1723), Tome I, Donationes Belgicæ, Liber I, XLI, p. 373. 

[76] Röhricht (1893) 105, p. 25. 

[77] Röhricht (1893), 112, p. 27. 

[78] Röhricht (1893), 150, p. 37. 

[79] Röhricht (1893), 112, p. 27. 

[80] Murray, A. V. (2000) The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: a dynastic history 1099-1125 (Prosopographica & Genealogica), p. 149. 

[81] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 33, p. 60. 

[82] WT XVII.I, p. 759. 

[83] Rey, E. ´Les Seigneurs de Barut´, Revue de l´Orient Latin, Tome IV (Paris, 1896), p. 13-4. 

[84] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 34, p. 65. 

[85] Röhricht (1893), 381, p. 100. 

[86] Röhricht (1893), 462, p. 121. 

[87] WT XVII.XXI, p. 796. 

[88] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 53, p. 97. 

[89] Röhricht (1893), 321, p. 82. 

[90] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73.  . 

[91] Röhricht (1893), 401, p. 105. 

[92] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 74. 

[93] Rey, E. ´Les Seigneurs de Barut´, Revue de l´Orient Latin, Tome IV (Paris, 1896), p. 15. 

[94] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60. 

[95] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73.  . 

[96] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60. 

[97] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73.  . 

[98] Röhricht (1893), 325, p. 83. 

[99] Röhricht (1893), 454, p. 119. 

[100] Röhricht (1893), 587, p. 156. 

[101] Röhricht (1893), 619, p. 164. 

[102] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60, and CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[103] Röhricht (1893), 619, p. 164. 

[104] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[105] Röhricht (1893), 736, p. 196. 

[106] Röhricht (1893), 768, p. 205. 

[107] Röhricht (1893), 810, p. 216. 

[108] Röhricht, R. (ed.) (1904) Regesta Regni Hierosolymitani, Supplement (Oeniponti) 859b, p. 57. 

[109] Röhricht (1893), 865, p. 232. 

[110] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[111] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[112] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[113] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, pp. 71 and 72.  . 

[114] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLII, p. 106. 

[115] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60. 

[116] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73.  . 

[117] Röhricht (1893), 325, p. 83. 

[118] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60. 

[119] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73.  . 

[120] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73.  . 

[121] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 113. 

[122] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60. 

[123] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73, and CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[124] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLIX, pp. 113-14. 

[125] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[126] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73. 

[127] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60. 

[128] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73.  . 

[129] Röhricht (1893), 325, p. 83. 

[130] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 54, p. 102. 

[131] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 74. 

[132] Röhricht (1893), 454, p. 119. 

[133] Röhricht (1893), 454, p. 119. 

[134] Röhricht (1893), 587, p. 156. 

[135] Röhricht (1893), 512, p. 135. 

[136] Rey, E. 'Les Seigneurs de Montréal et de la Terre d'Outre Le Jourdain', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome IV, 1896 (Paris), p. 20. 

[137] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[138] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 101. 

[139] Lignages d'Outremer, p. 74 footnote 63, citing Hamilton, B. 'Miles de Plancy and the Fief of Beyrouth', Kedar, B. (ed.) (1992) The Horns of Hattin. Proceedings of the Second International Congress of the Society for the Studies of the Crusades and the Latin East (Jerusalem), pp. 136-46. 

[140] Röhricht (1893), 454, p. 119. 

[141] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[142] Röhricht (1893), 568, p. 151. 

[143] Röhricht (1893), 630, p. 167. 

[144] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 644a, p. 42. 

[145] Röhricht (1893), 647, p. 171. 

[146] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[147] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[148] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[149] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[150] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[151] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[152] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[153] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[154] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[155] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[156] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[157] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[158] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[159] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[160] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[161] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[162] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXL, p. 104. 

[163] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[164] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[165] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[166] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[167] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[168] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[169] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 113. 

[170] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[171] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVII, p. 62. 

[172] WTC XXX,XI, p. 305. 

[173] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[174] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 84. 

[175] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 96, and Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 124. 

[176] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 104. 

[177] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 841a, p. 56. 

[178] WTC XXX.XV, p. 309. 

[179] WTC XXXI.X, p. 322. 

[180] Edbury, P. W. (1994) The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades 1191-1374 (Cambridge University Press), p. 47. 

[181] Mas de Latrie, M. L. de (1855) Histoire de l'Ile de Chypre (Paris), Vol. 3, p. 608. 

[182] Edbury (1994), p. 51. 

[183] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 181-2. 

[184] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 192. 

[185] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 194. 

[186] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 204, and Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 128. 

[187] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 62. 

[188] WTC XXXIV.IV, p. 315. 

[189] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[190] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 62. 

[191] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[192] Kohler, C. (ed.) (1913) Philippe de Novare Mémoires 1218-1243 (Paris) ("Philippe de Novare"), p. 7. 

[193] WTC XXXIII.II, p. 367. 

[194] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[195] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 130. 

[196] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 230. 

[197] Amadi, p. 198. 

[198] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 61. 

[199] WTC XXXIII.X, p. 376. 

[200] Philippe de Novare, p. 68. 

[201] Edbury (1994), p. 70. 

[202] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 629. 

[203] Röhricht (1893), 1089, p. 284. 

[204] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[205] Philippe de Novare, p. 66. 

[206] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[207] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[208] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 102. 

[209] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[210] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[211] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[212] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[213] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 140, which states that Jean was called Jean de Foggia. 

[214] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 230. 

[215] WTC XXXIV.III, p. 443. 

[216] Amadi, p. 205. 

[217] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[218] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[219] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[220] Philippe de Novare, p. 65. 

[221] WTC XXXIII.II, p. 367. 

[222] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 129. 

[223] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 129. 

[224] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[225] Philippe de Novare, p. 7. 

[226] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[227] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[228] Philippe de Novare, p. 65. 

[229] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 63. 

[230] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[231] Philippe de Novare, p. 66. 

[232] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 134. 

[233] Hethum II's Chronicle 709 A.E. [15 Jan 1260/14 Jan 1261]. 

[234] Amadi, p. 206. 

[235] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 660. 

[236] Amadi, p. 240. 

[237] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[238] Boase, T. S. R. The Crusaders (London, 1971), p. 165, cited in Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 135. 

[239] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIII, p. 90. 

[240] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[241] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 9, p. 58. 

[242] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 342, and Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 136.  . 

[243] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXL, p. 104. 

[244] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 136, footnote 63. 

[245] CP XII/1, p. 351, footnote c. 

[246] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 342. 

[247] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 136. 

[248] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIII, p. 91. 

[249] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[250] Amadi, p. 215. 

[251] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 12, p. 60. 

[252] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 137. 

[253] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 18a, p. 60. 

[254] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 18b, p. 60. 

[255] Amadi, p. 239. 

[256] Amadi, p. 294, and Chronique de l'Ile de Chypre par Florio Bustron, Mélanges Historiques (Paris, 1886), Tome V, ("Florio Bustron"), p. 173, cited in Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 137. 

[257] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 138. 

[258] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 137. 

[259] Rey (1869), p. 248. 

[260] WT VIII.IV, p. 327. 

[261] Röhricht (1893), 130, p. 32. 

[262] Röhricht (1893), 130, p. 32. 

[263] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[264] Rey (1869), p. 248. 

[265] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[266] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[267] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[268] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 73. 

[269] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[270] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[271] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 608. 

[272] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[273] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[274] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIIII, p. 93. 

[275] Sturdza, M. D. (1999) Dictionnaire Historique et Généalogique des Grandes Familles de Grèce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople (2e edition Paris), p. 276. 

[276] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 429. 

[277] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[278] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[279] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[280] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[281] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 1437a, p. 99. 

[282] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[283] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[284] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[285] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLII, p. 106. 

[286] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[287] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[288] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[289] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[290] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[291] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60. 

[292] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[293] Rüdt-Collenberg, W. H. (1965) 'Les premiers Ibelins', Le Moyen Age LXXI, 4e série, XX (Bruxelles), reprinted in Familles de l'Orient latin XIIe-XIVe siècles (Variorum Reprints, London, 1983), III, p. 464. 

[294] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[295] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[296] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[297] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[298] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, pp. 68 and 69. 

[299] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 68. 

[300] WTC XXXI.X, p. 322. 

[301] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 608. 

[302] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, pp. 71 and 72.  . 

[303] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[304] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 68. 

[305] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[306] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 68. 

[307] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[308] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 69. 

[309] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[310] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[311] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[312] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 68. 

[313] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[314] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[315] Amadi, p. 362. 

[316] Amadi, pp. 385-6. 

[317] Amadi, p. 388. 

[318] Amadi, p. 397. 

[319] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[320] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[321] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[322] Amadi, p. 400. 

[323] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[324] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, pp. 99 and 100. 

[325] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[326] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[327] Amadi, p. 362. 

[328] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[329] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVII, p. 111. 

[330] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 113, p. 78. 

[331] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 175. 

[332] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 58, p. 68. 

[333] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 114, p. 78. 

[334] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[335] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[336] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[337] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[338] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[339] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 109. 

[340] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[341] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber IX, Cap. XLVIII, p. 621. 

[342] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber XI, Cap. X, p. 667. 

[343] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXV, p. 70. 

[344] Röhricht (1893), 57, p. 12. 

[345] Röhricht (1893), 80, p. 18. 

[346] WT XII.XIII, pp. 531-2. 

[347] Runciman (1978), p. 166.  

[348] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXV, p. 70. 

[349] Murray (2000), p. 183. 

[350] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 119,  p. 222. 

[351] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 114b, p. 8. 

[352] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 119,  p. 222. 

[353] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXV, p. 70. 

[354] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 53, p. 97. 

[355] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXV, p. 70. 

[356] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 119,  p. 222. 

[357] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 114b, p. 8. 

[358] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 53, p. 97. 

[359] Röhricht (1893), 120, p. 29. 

[360] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 44, p. 81. 

[361] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 33, p. 60. 

[362] Röhricht (1893), 139, p. 35. 

[363] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 71, p. 143. 

[364] WT XVII.I, p. 759. 

[365] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 53, p. 97. 

[366] Röhricht (1893), 139, p. 35. 

[367] Röhricht (1893), 361, p. 95. 

[368] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71. 

[369] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 155, p. 276. 

[370] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 52, p. 95. 

[371] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 53, p. 97. 

[372] Röhricht (1893), 361, p. 95. 

[373] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 54, p. 102. 

[374] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 144, p. 262. 

[375] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60, and CC.LXXXXV, p. 71. 

[376] Röhricht (1893), 361, p. 95. 

[377] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 99,  p. 197. 

[378] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 155, p. 276. 

[379] Röhricht (1893), 517, p. 137. 

[380] Röhricht (1893), 539, p. 144. 

[381] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60, and CC.LXXXXV, p. 71. 

[382] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXIX, p. 103. 

[383] Röhricht (1893), 619, p. 164. 

[384] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60, and CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[385] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[386] Röhricht (1893), 619, p. 164. 

[387] Röhricht (1893), 736, p. 196. 

[388] Röhricht (1893), 768, p. 205. 

[389] Röhricht (1893), 810, p. 216. 

[390] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 859b, p. 57. 

[391] Röhricht (1893), 865, p. 232. 

[392] WT Vol. 2, XXX.XIII, p. 306. 

[393] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 859b, p. 57. 

[394] Röhricht (1893), 920, p. 245. 

[395] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 938a, p. 60. 

[396] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60, and CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[397] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[398] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 938a, p. 60. 

[399] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 1065a, p. 65. 

[400] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 1317a, p. 85. 

[401] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[402] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[403] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[404] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60, and CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[405] Röhricht (1893), 768, p. 205. 

[406] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 608. 

[407] WTC XXXIII.X, p. 376. 

[408] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVII, p. 62. 

[409] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64, and CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[410] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[411] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[412] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[413] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXL, p. 104. 

[414] Röhricht (1893), 1175, p. 308. 

[415] Röhricht (1893), 1233, p. 324. 

[416] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[417] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXL, p. 103. 

[418] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[419] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[420] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXL, pp. 103-4. 

[421] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 78. 

[422] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[423] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[424] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[425] Röhricht (1893), 1089, p. 284. 

[426] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 3, p. 58. 

[427] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[428] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[429] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[430] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[431] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[432] Petri Tudebodi seu Tudebovis Historia de Hierosolymitano Itinere, RHC, Historiens occidentaux, III (Paris, 1866) ("Tudebodus"), Thema XIV.II, p. 103. 

[433] WT VIII.IX, p. 337. 

[434] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber VII, Cap. I, p. 507. 

[435] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber VII, Caps. XXII, XXIII and XXVI, pp. 521-3. 

[436] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber VII, Cap. XLIV-XLV, pp. 537-8. 

[437] Rey (1869), p. 264. 

[438] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber IX, Cap. XLVIII, p. 621. 

[439] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber X, Cap. XVII, p. 639. 

[440] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber XI, Cap. X, p. 667. 

[441] Röhricht (1893), 57, p. 12. 

[442] Röhricht (1893), 80, p. 18. 

[443] Röhricht (1893), 91, p. 21. 

[444] Röhricht (1893), 105, p. 25. 

[445] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 125,  p. 229. 

[446] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 125,  p. 229. 

[447] Röhricht (1893), 174, p. 43. 

[448] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 127,  p. 231. 

[449] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 127,  p. 231. 

[450] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 127,  p. 231. 

[451] Röhricht (1893), 644, p. 170. 

[452] Röhricht (1893), 674, p. 180. 

[453] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 127,  p. 231. 

[454] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[455] Röhricht (1893), 747, p. 199. 

[456] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[457] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[458] Röhricht (1893), 1189, p. 313. 

[459] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[460] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[461] Röhricht (1893), 1100, p. 286. 

[462] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[463] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, p. 112. 

[464] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[465] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[466] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[467] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[468] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[469] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[470] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[471] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[472] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[473] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 72.  . 

[474] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 72.  . 

[475] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 72.  . 

[476] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[477] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[478] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[479] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[480] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[481] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[482] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[483] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, p. 71.  . 

[484] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 104. 

[485] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, pp. 71 and 72.  . 

[486] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, pp. 104-5. 

[487] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, pp. 71 and 72.  . 

[488] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, p. 105. 

[489] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXV, pp. 71 and 72.  . 

[490] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLI, pp. 105-6. 

[491] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[492] Röhricht (1893), 1189, p. 313. 

[493] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[494] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[495] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVII, p. 123. 

[496] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[497] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[498] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[499] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[500] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[501] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[502] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[503] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[504] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[505] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[506] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[507] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[508] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[509] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVII, p. 123. 

[510] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber VII, Cap. XV, p. 516. 

[511] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber IX, Cap. IV, p. 593. 

[512] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1167, MGH SS XXIII, p. 849. 

[513] WT XVII, XXII and XXVI, pp. 796 and 802. 

[514] Röhricht (1893), 551, p. 146. 

[515] Delaborde, H. F. (ed.) (1880) Chartes de Terre Sainte provenant de l'abbaye de Notre-Dame de Josaphat (Paris) ("Josaphat") XLI, p. 88. 

[516] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 450. 

[517] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 459. 

[518] Röhricht (1893), 57, p. 12. 

[519] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 13, MGH SS XIII, p. 254. 

[520] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1119, MGH SS XXIII, p. 823. 

[521] WT XIV.XV, p. 627. 

[522] WT XIV.XV, p. 628. 

[523] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1119, MGH SS XXIII, p. 823. 

[524] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 191. 

[525] Röhricht (1893), 100, p. 22. 

[526] Röhricht (1893), 105, p. 25. 

[527] Röhricht (1893), 112, p. 27. 

[528] Röhricht (1893), 120, p. 29. 

[529] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 44, p. 81. 

[530] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 151a, p. 12. 

[531] WT XIV.XV-XVII, pp. 627-33. 

[532] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 119,  p. 222. 

[533] Röhricht (1893), 112, p. 27. 

[534] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement), 114b, p. 8. 

[535] WT XV.XXVII, p. 702, and XVI.I, p. 704. 

[536] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 334. 

[537] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 340. 

[538] WT XIV.III, p. 610. 

[539] WT XIX.IV, p. 888. 

[540] WT XXI.XIII, p. 1025. 

[541] Röhricht (1893), 552, p. 147. 

[542] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1198, MGH SS XXIII, p. 876. 

[543] WT XXII.I, p. 1063. 

[544] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 424. 

[545] Röhricht (1893), 601, p. 160. 

[546] Thomas Tusci Gesta Imperatorum et Pontificum, MGH SS XXII, p. 498. 

[547] Basse-Fontaine 11, p. 16. 

[548] Sturdza (1999), p. 500. 

[549] MP, Vol. IV, 1244, p. 342, and Sturdza (1999), p. 507. 

[550] MP, Vol. V, 1251, pp. 218-20. 

[551] Amadi, p. 201. 

[552] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXX, p. 65. 

[553] Röhricht (1893), 1036, p. 270. 

[554] WTC XXXIII.XXX, p. 397. 

[555] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 644. 

[556] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), pp. 204-5. 

[557] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 205. 

[558] Amadi, p. 208. 

[559] Hethum II's Chronicle 715 A.E. [14 Jan 1266/13 Jan 1267]. 

[560] Rüdt-Collenberg, W. H. (1963) The Rupenides, Hethumides and Lusignans, The Structure of the Armeno-Cilician Dynasties (Paris, Librairie Klincksieck), p. 59, 58 qua. and p. 65, 109, citing "Mscpt. 4243".   

[561] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXI, p. 67. 

[562] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[563] Bedrosian, R. (trans.) (2005) Smbat Sparapet's Chronicle (Venice Manuscript) (New Jersey) 114, 712 A.E [15 Jan 1263/14 Jan 1264], available at <http://rbedrosian.com> (20 Aug 2007). 

[564] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[565] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 210. 

[566] Rüdt-Collenberg (1963), p. 59, 58 qua. and p. 65, 109, citing "Mscpt. 4243".   

[567] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[568] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[569] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXX, p. 65. 

[570] Amadi, p. 239. 

[571] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 99. 

[572] Amadi, p. 238. 

[573] Amadi, p. 400. 

[574] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 101. 

[575] Amadi, p. 238. 

[576] Amadi, p. 347. 

[577] Amadi, p. 362. 

[578] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 214. 

[579] Amadi, p. 398. 

[580] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 30, p. 62. 

[581] Hopf, C. (1870) Revue critique d'histoire et de litérature, p. 237, cited in Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 214. 

[582] Amadi, p. 347. 

[583] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 173. 

[584] Amadi, p. 398. 

[585] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 101. 

[586] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 7806, Il parentado de Lusignan 8, p. 168. 

[587] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 31, p. 64. 

[588] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 101. 

[589] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 215. 

[590] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 46, p. 66. 

[591] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 217. 

[592] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 111, p. 78. 

[593] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 220. 

[594] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 220. 

[595] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 101. 

[596] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLIII, p. 108. 

[597] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 49, p. 66. 

[598] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 66, p. 68. 

[599] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 217. 

[600] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[601] Amadi, p. 238. 

[602] Amadi, p. 296. 

[603] Amadi, p. 350.