UPPER lotharingia, nobility

  v3.0 Updated 24 July 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                COMTES d'ARLON. 7

Chapter 2.                GRAFEN von BIDGAU. 9

A.         GRAFEN von BIDGAU.. 9

B.         HERREN von ESCH (an der SAUER) 13

Chapter 3.                     GRAFEN von BLIESGAU, GRAFEN von BLIESCASTEL, GRAFEN von HÜNEBURG. 20

Chapter 4.                COMTES de CASTRES. 30

Chapter 5.                COMTES de CHARPEIGNE. 34

Chapter 6.                COMTES de CHAUMONT, COMTES de MORTAGNE, COMTES de BRIXEY. 37

A.         COMTES de CHAUMONT, COMTES de MORTAGNE.. 37

B.         COMTES de BRIXEY.. 41

C.        COMTES de SORCY.. 46

D.        SEIGNEURS de COMMERCY.. 47

Chapter 7.                COMTES de CHINY, COMTES d'IVOIS et de WOEVRE. 49

A.         COMTES de CHINY.. 50

B.         WAREMME (AVOUES de LIEGE SAINT-LAMBERT) 70

Chapter 8.                COMTES de GRANDPRE. 71

Chapter 9.                COMTES de LONGWY. 84

Chapter 10.              GRAFEN von MAYENFELD. 88

Chapter 11.              COMTES de METZ (GRAFEN von METZ) 89

A.         GRAFEN von METZ (MATFRIEDE) 89

B.         GRAFEN von METZ (FOLMAR) 105

Chapter 12.              GRAFEN im NIEDGAU. 107

Chapter 13.              COMTES d'ORNOIS. 109

Chapter 14.              GRAFEN von SAARBRÜCKEN. 109

A.         EARLY GRAFEN in SAARBRÜCKEN.. 110

B.         GRAFEN im SAARGAU, GRAFEN von SAARBRÜCKEN.. 111

C.        GRAFEN von SAARBRÜCKEN (COMMERCY) 119

Chapter 15.              COMTES de SAULNOIS. 122

Chapter 16.              COMTES de TOUL. 123

A.         COMTES de TOUL. 123

B.         COMTES d'ASTENOIS et de TOUL. 127

Chapter 17.              COMTES de VAUDEMONT, COMTES de SAINTOIS. 131

A.         COMTES de SAINTOIS.. 131

B.         COMTES de VAUDEMONT (1) 132

C.        COMTES de VAUDEMONT (2) 138

Chapter 18.              COMTES de VERDUN. 141

A.         COMTES de VERDUN [890]-[960] 141

B.         COMTES de VERDUN [960]-[1020] (FAMILY of WIGERICH) 143

Chapter 19.              GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÚCKEN. 153

Chapter 20.              OTHER UPPER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY. 157

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Lotharingia was an entirely artificial political creation and its name an artificial composition.  Emperor Lothaire I, son of the Carolingian Emperor Louis I "the Pious" became king of Lotharingia under the division of imperial territories agreed by the treaty of Verdun 11 Aug 843.  The newly created kingdom covered a wide strip of land which stretched from the North Sea coast southwards to Italy, and included present-day Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Germany west of the river Rhine, the French provinces of Alsace, Lorraine, Burgundy and Provence, Switzerland and parts of northern Italy, as well as the imperial cities of Aachen, Pavia and Rome.  The kingdom was divided between the sons of Emperor Lothaire after he abdicated in 855, the territory called Lotharingia then being restricted to present-day Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Germany west of the Rhine, the French provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, and Switzerland.  Lotharingia was further divided between the East and West Frankish kingdoms in 870 following the death without direct male heirs of Lothaire II King of Lotharingia[1].  The 870 treaty sets out an apparently exhaustive list of the administrative entities which were allocated to the brothers Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, cathedral towns, abbeys and counties.  The boundary between the two parts was marked by the river Maas/Meuse and its tributary the Ourche in the south.  This division proved to be a temporary arrangement, but it set the scene for conflict between France and Germany over Lotharingia which was to last many years.  Lotharingia was in effect integrated into the East Frankish kingdom (Germany) after the death in 900 of Zwentibold, last independent king of Lotharingia, but this was challenged by Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks.  After the deposition of King Charles III in 923, German influence in the territory of Lotharingia predominated.  According to Thietmar of Merseburg, Heinrich I King of Germany secured the release of King Charles from prison and in return was rewarded with "the right hand of St Denis and the entire kingdom of the Lotharingians"[2].  For the rest of the 10th century, the Lotharingian question was a source of bitter dispute with the French kings who constantly attempted to invade Lotharingia to reassert control. 

 

The duchies of Upper and Lower Lotharingia were created in 959 in response to local rebellions and in order to assert greater local control from Germany.  At the outset, it is more accurate to describe the new rulers as "associate" dukes who governed under the central authority of Bruno Duke of Lotharingia (brother of the German king and also archbishop of Köln).  In common with most administrative arrangements concerning Lotharingia, the division between the Upper and Lower duchies was artificial and poorly reflected natural, geographic, national and linguistic boundaries, although Upper Lotharingia corresponded roughly to the ecclesiastical province of Trier and Lower Lotharingia to the archbishopric of Köln. 

 

The development of the counties which made up the duchy of Upper Lotharingia is best considered by first reviewing the Carolingian pagi which predated the formation of the kingdom of Lotharingia.  These can be divided between the ecclesiastical provinces of Trier, Metz, Verdun and Toul, all of which lay within the archiepiscopal province of Trier: 

·         In the diocesis of Trier, Longnon lists eight pagi during early Carolingian times[3].  The pagus Bedensis was the largest and included the city of Trier itself.  North of Trier lay the pagus Carasco, which included the monastery of Prüm and formed the ecclesiastical doyenné of Kilburg.  In the territory west of Trier, in what is now northern France, south-eastern Belgium and the grand-duchy of Luxembourg, lay the pagus Evodiensis (around the town of Ivoy, now called Carignan, in north-east France, near the present-day border with the Belgian province of Luxembourg) which corresponded with the doyennés of Ivoy and Juvigny, the pagus Arrelensis (around the town of Arlon, the doyennés of Arlon and Longuyon), and the pagus Methingowe (later called pagus Mattensis, the doyennés of Mersch and Luxembourg, which Longnon suggests may formerly have been called the pagus Recensis).  The pagus Saroensis (Sarahgawe) lay south of Trier, in what is now the German district of Saarland.  North-east of Trier lay the pagus Maginensis (later Meginovelt or Meinfeld) and the pagus Trigorius centred on the town of Boppart, but these two pagi lay to the east of the border of Lotharingia in the German province of Franconia. 

·         Six pagi made up the diocesis of Metz[4].  From east to west, these were the pagus Blesensis, which lay along the boundary with the diocese of Trier, the pagus Nidensis, and the pagus Mettensis, around the town of Metz itself.  South of these, also from east to west, were the pagus Albensis, the pagus Rosalinsis, and the pagus Salinensis

·         The diocese of Toul included eight pagi[5].  The pagus Tullensis surrounded the town of Toul itself.  The pagus Scarponensis lay to the north of Toul, around the towns of Dieulouard and Pont-à-Mousson, and to the west was situated the pagus Bedensis (different from the pagus of the same name in the diocesis of Trier).  The pagus Barrensis lay further east around the town of Bar-le-Duc, and south of Bar-le-Duc around Ligny was the pagus Odornensis.  South-east of Nancy, around the town of Neufchâteau, lay the pagus Solecensis, as well as the pagus Suentensis (later the county of Saintois), and the pagus Calmontensis (Chaumont). 

·         The diocese of Verdun, west of Metz, included only the pagus Virdunensis and the pagus Ornensis[6]

 

The counties in the Upper Lotharingian duchy lie in the south-east corner of Belgium, east of the river Ourthe, and in present-day Luxembourg, in western Germany south of the Ripuarian counties (which are located in the duchy of Lower Lotharingia), and in the area of north-east France which later developed as the duchies of Lorraine and Bar.  Alsace is difficult to categorise.  Originally part of the duchy of Swabia, under the 870 treaty which divided Lotharingia between the East and West Frankish kingdoms "…in Elisatio comitatus II…" were assigned to Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks[7].  However, the two Alsatian counties (Sundgau and Nordgau) do not appear to have been considered part of the duchy of Upper Lotharingia.  To avoid confusion, the nobility of Alsace is set out in the separate document ALSACE which is grouped with SWABIA in the categorisation in Medieval Lands.  Separate documents show the dukes of LORRAINE, the counts and dukes of BAR, and the counts of LUXEMBOURG.  Other counts are referred to in contemporary primary source documentation without reference to their geographical counties, so cannot be categorised geographically: these individuals are set out in the Lotharingian chapter of the document GERMAN EARLY NOBILITY.  The present document shows the remaining early medieval counties in Upper Lotharingia.  These are all small counties, some of which were short-lived and whose boundaries are difficult to define precisely.  Assignment of counts to these counties was in many cases of short duration, with many changes and exchanges of territories (including between the Lower and Upper Lotharingian duchies) which renders satisfactory reconstruction of the comital families extremely challenging.  What is clear is that a finite group of local higher nobility enjoyed power in both Upper and Lower Lotharingia and were linked by family relationships many of which will never be identified precisely because of insufficient information in surviving primary sources.  Onomastics is of some use in identifying possible connections, but the number of permutations through both male and female lines is generally too numerous to render precise identification anything other than speculative.  This difficulty is increased because of the changes in comital assignments which make it impossible to assess with any accuracy the extent to which appointments were hereditary within the same families. 

 

Another important question is whether the counts in these minor Upper Lotharingian counties were counts "of" the counties (implying territorial exclusivity) or counts "in" the counties (which could involve some form of territorial division within each county).  In other words, the extent to which the "county" in early medieval times represented a coherent administrative unit with recognised jurisdictional and territorial boundaries.  The conclusion that a particular count "ruled" a particular county is based in many cases on a single phrase in a contemporary charter which asserts that a specific property was located (for example) "in pago Bedensi in comitatu Otthonis", in accordance with the generally used formulation.  However, this description does not guarantee that (in this case) Comte Otto ruled in all parts of "pagus Bedensis".  In fact, the wording could equally be interpreted as indicating that his jurisdiction was limited to the area surrounding his castle, which happened to include the property in question.  In addition, many cases can be found where an individual count is recorded in charters in more than one county at approximately the same time.  Research into the early pagi and counties in neighbouring Saxony and Franconia (see the documents GERMANY EARLY NOBILITY, SAXONY and FRANCONIA) suggests that more than one count ruled at the same time in the larger counties, the counties of Grabfeld and Wormsgau being the obvious examples.  This suggests that calling the local divisions "counties", as if they constituted fully functioning administrative units under a single central authority, may misrepresent the situation.  Unfortunately there is insufficient surviving primary source data to provide a definitive answer to this question, but it is undoubtedly one which deserves further research. 

 

The Upper Lotharingian counties which evolved in south-east Belgium and Luxembourg were Arlon, Woevre ("Wavrense comitatus II" in the 870 treaty, assumed to be Matensis/Methingowe and Ivois) in which the counties of Chiny and Longwy emerged in the early 11th century, and the county of Luxembourg, which evolved from the western German county of Bidgau ("Bedagowa" in the 870 treaty) which straddled both banks of the river Mosel and included the cathedral city of Trier and the abbeys of Echternach, Prüm and St Maximin.  The other Upper Lotharingian counties situated in western German counties were Bliesgau ("Blesitchowa" in the 870 treaty) in which the counties of Bliescastel and Hüneburg developed in the early 12th century, Lower Saargau ("Sarachowa subterior" in the 870 treaty) also called the county of Waldervinga or Rizzigau, which developed into the county of Saarbrücken in the 12th century, Mayenfeld ("Megenensium" in the 870 treaty), Niedgau ("Nitachowa" in the 870 treaty), and Upper Saargau ("Sarachowa superior" in the 870 treaty).  Much of the German land in Upper Lotharingia was gradually transferred to ecclesiastical administration, under the jurisdiction either of the archbishopric of Trier or local monasteries. 

 

The largest part of Upper Lotharingia was located in what is now French territory.  The counties of Castres ("Castricium" in the 870 treaty), Dormois ("Dulmense" in the 870 treaty) in which the county of Grandpré emerged in the early 11th century, Mouzon ("Mosminse" in the 870 treaty), and Woevre ("Wavrense") in which the counties of Chiny, Ivois (previously the pagus Evodiensis) and Longwy evolved, lay south of the present Belgian border, north and east of the French county of Champagne.  South of this area lay the counties of Verdun ("Viridunense" in the 870 treaty) and Bar ("Barrense" in the 870 treaty), the latter becoming a separate duchy in 1354 long after Upper Lotharingia had ceased to exist as an entity.  East of Verdun was the city and county of Metz ("civitatem Mettis…et comitatu Moslensi" in the 870 treaty).  South of Metz lay the counties of Charpeigne ("Scarponinse" in the 870 treaty) in which the abbey of Gorze was located, Chaumont ("Calmontis" in the 870 treaty) which included the towns of Epinal, Nancy and Lunéville where the counties of Brixey, Mortagne and Sorcy developed in the 11th century, Saintois ("Suentisium" in the 870 treaty) in which the county of Vaudémont developed in the late 11th century, and Toul ("Tullense aliud Odornense" in the 870 treaty).  The counties of Saulnois ("Seline" in the 870 treaty) and Soulossois ("Solocense" in the 870 treaty) were located in the eastern part of the territory which later developed into the duchy of Lorraine.  In addition, there is the county of Ornois ("Odornense" in the 870 treaty) for which several possible locations have been identified.  No named counts have been identified in the other Upper Lotharingian counties of Albensis ("Albechowa" in the 870 treaty), Bassigny ("Basiniacum" in the 870 treaty), Emaus ("Emaus" in the 870 treaty), Perthes ("Portense" in the 870 treaty), Salins ("Scudingum" in the 870 treaty), Sermorens ("Salmoringum" in the 870 treaty), and Varais ("Warasch" in the 870 treaty). 

 

By categorising the Lotharingian counties geographically, one should not lose sight of the powerful authority of a handful of noble families which acquired territories scattered throughout the whole area of the ancient kingdom of Lotharingia and whose influence was paramount in the development of the territory and on the wider international political scene in western Europe.  Of particular note are:

  • the Matfried family which dominated the west German Ripuarian counties in Lower Lotharingia from the 9th century and extended their influence southwards into Bidgau, Woevre, Bliesgau and Chaumont, and especially the county of Metz in Upper Lotharingia, and whose descendants eventually succeeded as dukes of Lorraine, the duchy which evolved from the rump of the duchy of Upper Lotharingia. 
  • the Reginar family which extended their centre of activity from the Maasgau into the county of Hainaut, which were both located in the duchy of Lower Lotharingia, and whose descendants ruled the duchy of Brabant which emerged in the late 12th century. 
  • the descendants of Wigerich [III] who ruled Bidgau in Upper Lotharingia but extended their influence westwards to Ardenne and southwards to Verdun, and ruled as dukes in both Upper and Lower Lotharingia, until the extinction of the two branches of the family in the male line in 1033 and 1076. 
  • less well-known, and less long-lasting, was the power-base of Ansfrid [II], count of Hesbaie, Huy and Teisterbant in the latter part of the 11th century, and whose paternal uncle held fifteen different counties according to Thietmar, although both the uncle's precise identity and the identity of his counties are uncertain. 
  • the family of the counts of Holland, which increased their power-base by acquiring control over many of the counties in the former duchy of Frisia. 
  • the descendants of Siegfried, whose original power-base was Bidgau but who acquired Luxembourg and large areas in Ardenne, and who eventually were elevated to the imperial throne, and as a result of judicious dynastic marriages extended their control to Bohemia in the early 14th century and Hungary in the late 14th century, until their extinction in the senior male line in 1437. 

 

The other important factor in the development of the duchies of both Upper and Lower Lotharingia was the gradual acquisition of temporal power and territory by archbishoprics of Köln and Trier, and the bishoprics of Cambrai, Liège, Metz, Toul, Utrecht and Verdun.  This resulted in the suppression of many previously autonomous and powerful counties (for example Verdun in Upper Lotharingia) and the splintering of the territories of others (particularly those in Ripuarian western Germany). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES d'ARLON

 

 

The origins of Waleran [I] Comte d'Arlon have not been traced.  No references to earlier comtes d'Arlon have been found in the primary sources so far consulted.  However, the county existed from at least the late 9th century as shown by the treaty dated 8 Aug 870, under which Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks agreed the division of the Lotharingian territories, which allocated "…comitatum…Arlon…" to King Charles[8].  The county was subsumed into the county of Limburg in the late 11th century. 

 

 

1.         WALERAN [I] (-before 1032)Comte d'Arlon.  Eberhard Archbishop of Trier refers to past donations by "comite Walrammo de Arlo et uxore ipsius Adelheide" in two charters dated 1052 and 1053, the second one referring to the confirmation of donations by "filiorum eorum Walrammi et Folconis" after the death of their parents[9], which appears to pull all the information together.  m ADELAIS de Lotharingia, daughter of THIERRY Duke of Upper Lotharingia [Wigeriche] & his wife Richilde --- (-after 1032).  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Adeladis comitissa Araeleonis" as daughter of "ducis Theoderici, soror Sigifridi [=error for Frederici] patris marchissæ Beatricis" (although the name of her husband is not specified) when recounting the story of her cubicularius having been bitten by a rabid dog[10].  The Gesta Treverorum refers to "comitissa de castello…Aralunæ, mater comitum Walrammi et Folconis, marito suo defuncto, astipulantibus filiis et filiabus suis", but does not name her or specify her origin[11].  Eberhard Archbishop of Trier refers to past donations by "comite Walrammo de Arlo et uxore ipsius Adelheide" in two charters dated 1052 and 1053, the second one referring to the confirmation of donations by "filiorum eorum Walrammi et Folconis" after the death of their parents[12], which appears to pull all the information together.  Waleran [I] & his wife had two children:

a)         WALERAN [II] d'Arlon (-1081).  The Gesta Treverorum names "Walrammi et Folconis" as sons of "comitissa [Adelheid] de castello…Aralunæ"[13].  Eberhard Archbishop of Trier refers to past donations by "comite Walrammo de Arlo et uxore ipsius Adelheide" in two charters dated 1052 and 1053, the second one referring to the confirmation of donations by "filiorum eorum Walrammi et Folconis" after the death of their parents[14]Comte d'Arlon.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that the dowry of Waleran's wife was "dominium ultra Mosam prope Leodium" and that he constructed "castrum de Lemborch" on the site[15]Graaf van Limburg

-        GRAVEN van LIMBURG

b)         FOULQUES [Bolko] d'Arlon (-[after 1093]).  The Gesta Treverorum names "Walrammi et Folconis" as sons of "comitissa [Adelheid] de castello…Aralunæ"[16].  Eberhard Archbishop of Trier refers to past donations by "comite Walrammo de Arlo et uxore ipsius Adelheide" in two charters dated 1052 and 1053, the second one referring to the confirmation of donations by "filiorum eorum Walrammi et Folconis" after the death of their parents[17].  Archbishop Udo of Trier donated property to Trier St Simon by charter dated 29 Jan 1068, subscribed by "Theoderici comitis, Henrici fratris eius, Walrammi comitis, Folconis comitis, Stephani comitis…"[18].  "…Walrammus et frater eius Volko comites de Arlo…" subscribed the charter dated 1093 under which "Heinricus…comes palatinus Rheni et dominus de Lacu…uxore mei Adleide" founded the abbey of Laach[19], although this document may be spurious in light of the date of death of Comte Waleran.  m ---.  The name of Foulques's wife is not known.  Foulques & his wife had two children: 

i)          FREDERIC d'Arlon (-bur St Hubert, Ardennes).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Fredericum et Beatricem" as children of "Fulco [filius Adela comitissa Arelesnis]", specifying that both died childless and were buried at St Hubert[20]

ii)         BEATRIX d'Arlon (-bur St Hubert, Ardennes).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Fredericum et Beatricem" as children of "Fulco [filius Adela comitissa Arelesnis]", specifying that both died childless and were buried at St Hubert[21]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    GRAFEN von BIDGAU

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von BIDGAU

 

 

The county of Bidgau (pagus Bedensis) lay to the north of the county of Eifel, east of Ardenne, Woëvre and Saargau, south of Bliesgau, and west of Nahegau (in Franconia).  It straddled both banks of the river Mosel and included the cathedral city of Trier and the abbeys of Echternach, Prüm and St Maximin[22].  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Bedagowa…" to King Ludwig[23].  Stefan, of the Matfried family, is recorded as Graf von Bidgau in the late 10th century during the reign of Zwentibold King of Lotharingia.  However, after the disgrace of the Matfried family under Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of Germany, Bidgau passed to Count Wigerich.  The family of the comtes de Luxembourg retained property in Bidgau in the 11th century but they are not recorded as Grafen von Bidgau after the early part of the century.  They are, however, recorded as avoués of the abbeys of St Maximin and Echternach during this period which demonstrates their continuing important role in the affairs of the county.  The archbishopric of Trier progressively expanded its temporal power over large parts of the county and by 26 Jun 973, the date of a charter by which Emperor Otto II granted extensive lands north of the Mosel to Archbishop Theoderich[24], the county of Bidgau had virtually disappeared. 

 

 

1.         LIETARD [I] (-after 10 May 879).  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[25].  An agreement dated 14 Jun 877 of Emperor Charles II "le Chauve", presumably written with his own death in mind, names "Arnulfus comes, Gislebertus, Letardus, Matfridus, Widricus, Gotbertus, Adalbertus, Ingelgerus, Rainerus" as those willing to support the emperor's son if he travels across the Meuse[26]Graf von Bidgau: "Hludowicus…rex" donated property "villam Fao in pago Bedense et in comitatu Leuthardi" to Kloster Gorze by charter dated 10 May 879[27]

 

1.         STEFAN, son of --- (-after [900])Comte de Chaumont: Arnulf King of Germany granted property "in pago Calmenzgouve in comitatu Stephani in locis…Granswillari et Rosieres" to "abbati Stephano" by charter dated 19 May 891[28].  Emperor Arnulf confirmed complaints by Arnaud Bishop of Toul against "comes Stephanus et Gerardus frater suus et Matfridus", on the intervention of "filii nostri Zuenzoboldi et Vikenindi ducis", by undated charter, marked as spurious in the compilation although there is no reason why the genealogical information should be considered inaccurate[29]Graf von Bidgau: King Zwentibold donated property "in pago Piatahgeuue in comitatu Stefani comitis…Steinheim, Carescara, Oppilendorf, Bullendorf, Arenza, Maquila, Gladehch, Uffichine" to the canons of Echternach by charter dated 28 Oct 895[30].  Ludwig "das Kind" King of the East Franks confirmed an exchange of property between Kloster Fulda and "nobilis comes Stefan" with the consent of "germani sui Walohonis viri religiosi" by spurious charter dated 900[31]

 

 

1.         WIGERICH [III] (-[19 Jan 916/919], bur Abbaye de Saint-Glossinde, Metz).  "Zuendeboldus…rex" donated property to the church of Trier by charter dated 23 Jan 899 which names "Richquinus et Widiacus…comites nostri"[32].  He was given the right to coin money in part of the archbishopric of Trier in 902[33].  Ludwig "das Kind" King of Germany restored property taken by "Conradus et Gebehartus comites" to the church of Trier with the consent of "Wigerici comitis" by charter dated 19 Sep 902[34]Graf von Bidgau: the monastery of St Maximin exchanged property "in pago Nedinse in comitatu Liutardi in loco…Burmeringas" for property "in pago Bedinse in comitatu Widrici…villa…Eslingis" with "Roricus" (vassal of Trier) by charter dated 1 Jan 909, subscribed by "Widrici comitis"[35]Comte d'ArdenneComes palatii of Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks: King Charles III restored Kloster Süsteren to the abbey of Prüm by charter dated 19 Jan 916 which names "fidelium nostrorum…Widricus comes palatii, Richuuinus comes, Gislebertus, Matfridus, Beringerius comites, Theodericus comes, Reinherus comes, Erleboldus"[36]

a)         other children: COMTES d'ARDENNE

b)         GOZELON ([before 915]-[12 Oct 942/16 Feb 943]).  His parentage is indicated by the charter dated 943 which refers to "Gozlines…miles…ex nobilissimis regni Chlotarii ducens prosapia" (the wording implying that he was then deceased) and the donation by "uxor eius Uda et filius eius…Regingerus" to St Maximin at Trier of property "Hunzelinesdorph", subscribed by "Ogonis abbatis, Friderici, Gisilberti, Sigeberti fratrum predicti Gozlini"[37].  As Frederic is known to have been the brother of Adalbero [I] Bishop of Metz, whose parents are known, it is assumed that all five individuals were sons of Wigerich [III] and Cunegonde (although it is also possible that some or all of them were uterine brothers born from the second marriage of Cunegonde). 

i)          other children:  COMTES d'ARDENNE

ii)         GODEFROI (-after 3 Sep [998 or after], bur Gent St Peter).  His parentage is proved by the charter dated 6 Apr 997 by which "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the rights of "monasterio super fluvium Mose" founded by "Gotefridi comitis nostrique fidelis…et coniux sua pro anime sui fratris Alberonis"[38]Graf von Bidgau: "Bovo cum coniuge mea Engila" donated property "ex hereditate paterna…in villa Dundeva in comitatu Bedense cui Godefridus comes preesse dinoscitur" to St Maximin at Trier by charter dated 1 Nov 959[39].  He was installed as Comte de Verdun before [960]: "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property "res…meæ…in pago et in comitatu Virdunensi…Geldulfi villa" for the souls of "senioris mei Wigfridi episcopi et parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [960], subscribed by "Gotdefridi comitis et fratris eius Heinrici"[40]

 

 

1.         OTTO, son of --- (-16 Apr after 978).  "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property "res…meæ…in pago et in comitatu Virdunensi…Geldulfi villa" for the souls of "senioris mei Wigfridi episcopi et parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [960], subscribed by "Gotdefridi comitis et fratris eius Heinrici"[41]Graf von Bidgau: "Udo cum coniuge mea Gisla" donated property "in pago Bedensi in comitatu Otthonis" to St Maximin at Trier by charter dated 978[42].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "XVI Kal Mai" of "Otto comes"[43]

 

 

1.         HEINRICH, son of SIEGFRIED Graf [Luxembourg] & his wife Hedwig --- (before 17 Sep 964-27 Feb 1026).  "Sygefridus comes" reached an agreement with Heinrich Archbishop of Trier by charter dated 17 Sep 964 which names "coniunx mea Hadewige, filiusque noster Henricus"[44].  The likely chronology of the other members of this family suggests that Heinrich must have been an infant at that time.  The Annalista Saxo names "Teoderici Metensi episcopi et Heinrich postmodum ducis Bawarici" as brothers of "domnam Cunigundam, felicis memorie virginem", wife of Emperor Heinrich II[45]Comte [de Luxembourg].  Herimannus names "Theoderico Metense episcopo et Heinrico Baioriæ duce Fridericoque comite" as brothers of "Adalbero clericus, reginæ Cunigundis germanus", when recording their rebellion against Emperor Heinrich II and deprival of Heinrich's title of Duke of Bavaria in 1008[46].  Vogt of St Maximin at Trier.  His brother-in-law Heinrich II King of Germany appointed him in 1004 as HEINRICH V Duke of Bavaria but resumed the title himself in 1009.  According to Gade, this was due to a dispute over the archbishopric of Trier to which Duke Heinrich was manoeuvring to appoint his brother Adalbert, in opposition to King Heinrich who feared that too much power would accrue to the Luxembourg family[47]Graf von Bidgau: "Everbero ex nobili prosapia origen" donated property "in pago Bitgouuensi in comitatu Henrici ducis in villa…Frenkinka" to St Maximin, at the request of "fratris sui…Wazonis qui monastica religione…est", by charter dated in the compilation to [993], but presumably dateable to after 1004 as Heinrich is given the ducal title[48].  Henri was reappointed duke of Bavaria in 1017, but lost the title after the death of Emperor Heinrich II in 1024.  Thietmar records that "the empress…enthroned her brother Heinrich as duke of Bavaria" in 1018[49].  As "Hezzilo Duke of Bavaria", brother of Empress Kunigunde, he is recorded as the latter's adviser in Wipo's description of the election of Konrad II King of Germany in 1024[50].  He lost the title after the election of King Konrad II in 1024.  The Historia Episcoporum Pataviensium et Ducum Bavariæ records the death in 1026 of "Heinricus dux Bavarie frater sancte Chunigundis"[51].  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "III Kal Mar" of "Heinricus dux frater Chunigundis imperatricis"[52]

2.         other children: COMTES de LUXEMBOURG

 

 

 

B.      HERREN von ESCH (an der SAUER)

 

 

1.         FREDELON (-27 Aug [1083/85]).  He is named in the charter dated 1131, after 18 Mar, under which his son "Gislebertus comes de Aska" granted the right to take wood from his forests in "sus possessionis de Claromonte" to the monks of Flône, for the souls of "patris sui Fredelonis et matris suæ Ermengardis…"[53].  Vogt von Echternach.  Vogt of Malmedy 1057.  m ([after 1064]) [as her second husband,] ERMENGARDE Ctss [de Clermont], [widow of GOZELON Comte de Montaigu,] daughter of [WIDRICH] [I] [Comte de Clermont] & his wife [Hersende ---] ([1025/35]-after 1091).  "Gislebertus comes Clarimontis" names "amite mee Ermingardi comitisse et filiis eius" in the charter dated 1091 under which he donated the church of Saint-Symphorien to Cluny[54].  Assuming that "amite" in this document is interpreted strictly, Ermengarde was the donor´s paternal aunt, although this is not beyond all doubt because of the flexible interpretation of such terms indicating relationships in contemporary documentation.  Her birth date range is estimated from her eldest son by her first marriage being born in the range [1040/50].  Archbishop Poppo of Trier confirmed the donation by "comitem Kadelonem et eius contectalem Irmingart" of hereditary property "de chorte Prümizvelt" by undated charter, dated to [1040/44], subscribed by "Duci Godefrido, Adalberto de Musel, comes Becelinus…"[55].  "Ermentrudis de Harenzey" donated "allodium…Sumey" to Ardenne Saint-Hubert on condition that she could be buried there with her husband, for the soul of "mariti mei Gozolonis", with the consent of "filiis meis…Cunone comite Rodulfo Guidone Joanne Henrico et fratribus meis Hezelino comite et Rainaldo et Balduino", by charter dated 1064[56], her brothers being identified as the sons of Hildrad [Hezelin] Comte [de Grandpré], which suggests the identity of Ermengarde's mother as Hildrad's wife (as discussed more fully above).  Two charters indicate a close connection between Ermengarde and Bruno von Heimbach.  Hildolf Archbishop of Köln donated property "ubi ipsa [Ermentrudis] hereditariam partem cum Brunone habuerat…Strala" (Stralen near Geldern) to the abbey of Siegburg by charter dated 1076[57].  ["Ermengardis comitissa…ab avis atque atavis nobilibus" donated property "apud Villas Worommes et Longum-Campum [Woromes, Longchamp] …allodium de Rumines [Rummen]…allodium de Curinges [Curenge]…allodium…apud Gelmines et Berlinges…allodium de Brede [Brée] cum ecclesia…quos dedit Gerardo comiti" to the church of Saint-Bartholomée de Liège by charter dated 1078, witnessed by "tunc advocatus…comes Henricus de Dolvin-Castello…comes Cono de Monte-Acuto, Reginardus de Roden, Witmannus de Molenarche…"[58].  The donor of this charter has not been identified with certainty.  However, the presence of Conon Comte de Montaigu as first lay subscriber suggests that it may be his mother.]  Siegwin Archbishop of Köln noted a donation of property at Stralen by "Irmengarda comitissa", by charter dated [1079/89], which states that her parents were buried at the abbey of Rees and that she had retained rights in Aspel[59].  The fact that Ermengarde was married at least twice is confirmed by the charter dated 1091 under which the bishop of Cambrai confirmed the donation by "Ermengardis de Monte Acuto" to the abbey of Saint-André du Cateau for the souls of her spouses ("conjugum")[60].  The identity of her other husband is suggested by the charter dated 1138 under which "Reinardus comitis de Ascha Gisleberti filius" renewed the right of the monks of Flône to take wood from his part of the forests "Clerimontis", granted previously by "pater eius et comes Lambertus"[61].  "Comes Lambertus" in this document is identified as Lambert Comte de Montaigu, who was Ermengarde´s grandson by her marriage to Gozelo Comte de Montaigu.  The father of "Reinardus comitis de Ascha Gisleberti filius" can be identified as "Gislebertus comes de Aska" who granted the right to take wood from his forests in "sus possessionis de Claromonte" to the monks of Flône, for the souls of "patris sui Fredelonis et matris suæ Ermengardis et uxoris sue Aelaidis et ipsius comitis Gisleberti", by charter dated 1131, after 18 Mar[62].  The fact that Lambert Comte de Montaigu and Giselbert Graf von Esch both shared rights in property in Clermont is best explained by the co-identity of the two persons named Ermengarde from whom they were both descended, and from whom they would have inherited these rights.  If this is correct, Gozelon would have been Ermengarde´s first husband and Fredelon her second.  Fredelon & his wife had one child: 

a)         GISELBERT (-after 18 Mar 1131).  "Gislebertus comes de Aska" granted the right to take wood from his forests in "sus possessionis de Claromonte" to the monks of Flône, for the souls of "patris sui Fredelonis et matris suæ Ermengardis et uxoris sue Aelaidis et ipsius comitis Gisleberti", by charter dated 1131, after 18 Mar[63]Graf von Eschm AELIDE, daughter of ---.  "Gislebertus comes de Aska" granted the right to take wood from his forests in "sus possessionis de Claromonte" to the monks of Flône, for the souls of "patris sui Fredelonis et matris suæ Ermengardis et uxoris sue Aelaidis et ipsius comitis Gisleberti", by charter dated 1131, after 18 Mar[64].  Gislebert & his wife had one child: 

i)          RENARD (-after 1157).  "Reinardus comitis de Ascha Gisleberti filius" renewed the right of the monks of Flône to take wood from his part of the forests "Clerimontis", granted previously by "pater eius et comes Lambertus", by charter dated 1138[65].  "Theodericus miles […filius Theoderici judicis de Harmala], Robertus frater eius, Godefridus, Ailberti filius" donated a field at Hottine and a mill at Ombret to Flône abbey, through the hands of "domini sui Reinardi…Heinricus filius domini Reinardi et uxor ipsius Lietgardis, filia quoque Roberti Richira", by charter dated 1146[66].  Seigneur de Hermalle[-sous-Huy]:  "Godefridus de Claromonte comes de Duras" confirmed the grant of rights "in silva sua de Claro Monte" by "patris sui" to the monks of Flône, with the consent of "participe suo Reinardo", by charter dated 1157, followed by another charter dated 1157 under which Henri Bishop of Liège confirmed the grant by "Godefridus comes de Durays et Renardus de Harmala"[67]m LIETGARDE, daughter of ROBERT Richira & his wife --- (-after 1150).  "Theodericus miles […filius Theoderici judicis de Harmala], Robertus frater eius, Godefridus, Ailberti filius" donated a field at Hottine and a mill at Ombret to Flône abbey, through the hands of "domini sui Reinardi…Heinricus filius domini Reinardi et uxor ipsius Lietgardis, filia quoque Roberti Richira", by charter dated 1146[68].  A charter dated 1150 confirmed various donations to Flône abbey, including those by "Godefridus comes…Reinardus…cum uxore sua Liegarde et filio Heinrico"[69].  Reinhard & his wife had one child: 

(a)       HENRI (-after 1187).  "Theodericus miles […filius Theoderici judicis de Harmala], Robertus frater eius, Godefridus, Ailberti filius" donated a field at Hottine and a mill at Ombret to Flône abbey, through the hands of "domini sui Reinardi…Heinricus filius domini Reinardi et uxor ipsius Lietgardis, filia quoque Roberti Richira", by charter dated 1146[70].  A charter dated 1150 confirmed various donations to Flône abbey, including those by "Godefridus comes…Reinardus…cum uxore sua Liegarde et filio Heinrico"[71].  Seigneur de Hermalle[-sous-Huy]:  "Cono comes Monti Acuti et Duraz" granted his rights in the church of Saint-Martin at Hermalle to the monks of Flône by charter dated 1182, witnessed by "Henricus de Harmala…"[72].  "Cono…comes de Duras" renounced rights to revenue from properties of Flône abbey at Hottine, on the intervention of "domino Egidio fratre meo", by charter dated 1187, witnessed by "Petrus frater comitis, Henricus de Harmala…"[73]

 

 

Two brothers.  The primary source which confirms their parentage has not yet been identified, but from a chronological point of view it seems likely that Heinrich [I] and his brother Gottfried were brothers of Giselbert Graf von Esch, but possibly not born from the same mother. 

1.         HEINRICH [I] (-Turbessel 1098 after 1 Aug, bur Turbessel).  Graf von Esch.   Herr von Esch.  Albert of Aix records that "Godefridus dux regni Lotharingiæ…fraterque eius uterinus Baldewinus, Warnerus de Greis cognatus ipsius Ducis, Baldewinus pariter de Burch, Reinhardus comes de Tul, Petrus…frater ipsius, Dodo de Cons, Henricus de Ascha ac frater illius Godefridus" left for Jerusalem in Aug 1096[74].  William of Tyre names "Henricus de Ascha" among those who left on the First Crusade in 1096 with Robert Count of Flanders[75].  Albert of Aix records that "Hugonem Magnum fratrem regis Franciæ, Drogonem et Clareboldum" were held in chains in prison by the emperor at Constantinople but were released after the intervention of "Baldewinus Hainaucorum comes et Heinricus de Ascha" who were sent as envoys by Godefroi de Bouillon[76].  William of Tyre names "dominus Henricus de Ascha et Godefridus frater eius" as participating in the First Crusade[77].  Albert of Aix records that "Heinricus de Ascha, Hartmannus comes, unus de majoribus Alemanniæ" constructed a siege machine called "vulpem" (fox) which collapsed when they pushed it into action against the walls at the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[78].  Albert of Aix records "Petrus de Stadeneis, Reinardus de Tul frater eius, Warnerus de Greis, Henricus de Ascha, Reinardus de Hamersbach, Walterus de Domedart" as those who guarded Adhémar Bishop of Le Puy into the mountains towards the port of Simeon after finding the holy lance, dated to mid-1098 from the context[79].  Albert of Aix records the death of "Henricus de Ascha miles in castello Turbaisel"  during an epidemic and his burial there[80]

2.         GOTTFRIED .  Albert of Aix records that "Godefridus dux regni Lotharingiæ…fraterque eius uterinus Baldewinus, Warnerus de Greis cognatus ipsius Ducis, Baldewinus pariter de Burch, Reinhardus comes de Tul, Petrus…frater ipsius, Dodo de Cons, Henricus de Ascha ac frater illius Godefridus" left for Jerusalem in Aug 1096[81].  William of Tyre names "dominus Henricus de Ascha et Godefridus frater eius" as participating in the First Crusade[82].  Albert of Aix records that "Godefridum de Ascha" was chosen to negotiate the passage of the crusading army through Hungary because "ducis Godefridi" had previously sent him on a mission to "Kalomanno regi"[83].  As King Kálmán only succeeded in Jun 1095, this mission must have taken place shortly before the arrival of the crusaders.  Albert of Aix records that "Cononem comitem de Monte Acuto, Baldwinum de Burch, Godefridum de Ascha" were sent by Godefroi de Bouillon for the first meeting with the emperor after the arrival of the crusading army in Constantinople, dated to end 1096[84].  "Henricus de Ase frater eius Godefridus" were named as present in the charter of "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" dated Feb 1098 relating to the abbey of Nivelles[85], although other sources indicate that both were absent on crusade at that date.  [1138]. 

 

 

The precise relationship, if any, between Gottfried [II] Herr von Esch and the above family has not yet been ascertained. 

1.         GOTTFRIED [II] (-[1150] or after)Herr von Esch.  "Heinricus advocatus et filius eius Heinricus, Godefridus de Asca et comes de Dorbui Heinricus adhuc puer" subscribed the charter dated 1124 under which "Cuono…Stabulensis abbas" recounted the settlement reached over the church of Bra[86].  Graf 1135.  Albero Archbishop of Trier confirmed donations to Kloster St Thomas bei Andernach by charter dated 1138 witnessed by "Fridericus comes de Vienna, Godefridus de Asche, Gerlacus de Isenburg et frater eius Remboldus…"[87]m (before 1124) as her second husband, ALIX de Grandpré, widow of GODEFROI Comte de Durbuy, daughter of HENRI [I] Comte de Grandpré & his wife Ermentrude de Joux [Grandson].  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Henricum et Adelidem" as children of "Henricus de Grandi-prato" & his wife, specifying that Adelidis married firstly "Godefrido de Durbuil, frater comitis de Namuco et comitis de Rupe" and secondly "Godefrido de Aissa"[88].   The date of this marriage is not known, but Alix's second husband subscribed a charter dated 1124 together with her son by her first marriage.  Gottfried [II] & his wife had five children: 

a)         ROBERT (-25 Aug [1170]).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Robertum Fusniacensem abbatem et Henricum, Fredericum atque Bartholomeum necnon Ermengardem" as children of "Godefrido de Aissa" & his wife[89].   Abbé de Foigny. 

b)         HEINRICH [II] .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Robertum Fusniacensem abbatem et Henricum, Fredericum atque Bartholomeum necnon Ermengardem" as children of "Godefrido de Aissa" & his wife[90].  

c)         FRIEDRICH .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Robertum Fusniacensem abbatem et Henricum, Fredericum atque Bartholomeum necnon Ermengardem" as children of "Godefrido de Aissa" & his wife[91].   1182. 

d)         BARTHOLOMÄUS von Esch (-before 1192).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Robertum Fusniacensem abbatem et Henricum, Fredericum atque Bartholomeum necnon Ermengardem" as children of "Godefrido de Aissa" & his wife[92].  "....Bartholomæi de Esch filiorumque eius Godefridi et Henrici…" signed the charter dated to [1182] under which Arnulf Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the priory of Ufeldange[93]

-        see below

e)         ERMENGARDE .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Robertum Fusniacensem abbatem et Henricum, Fredericum atque Bartholomeum necnon Ermengardem" as children of "Godefrido de Aissa" & his wife[94].  

 

 

BARTHOLOMÄUS von Esch, son of GOTTFRIED [II] Herr von Esch & his wife Alix de Grandpré (-before 1192).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Robertum Fusniacensem abbatem et Henricum, Fredericum atque Bartholomeum necnon Ermengardem" as children of "Godefrido de Aissa" & his wife[95].  "....Bartholomæi de Esch filiorumque eius Godefridi et Henrici…" signed the charter dated to [1182] under which Arnulf Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the priory of Ufeldange[96]

m ---.  The name of Bartholomäus´s wife is not known. 

Bartholomäus & his wife had two children: 

1.         GOTTFRIED [III] von Esch (-after [1182]).  "....Bartholomæi de Esch filiorumque eius Godefridi et Henrici…" signed the charter dated to [1182] under which Arnulf Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the priory of Ufeldange[97]

2.         HEINRICH [III] von Esch (-before Oct 1220).  "....Bartholomæi de Esch filiorumque eius Godefridi et Henrici…" signed the charter dated to [1182] under which Arnulf Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the priory of Ufeldange[98]m ---.  The name of Heinrich´s wife is not known.  Heinrich [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT [I] von Esch (-[13 Oct 1262/Jan 1266]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  Herr von Eschm ERMENGARDE d´Aspremont, daughter of GEOFFROY [I] Seigneur d´Aspremont & his wife Elisabeth de Dampierre (-after 1271).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Robert [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          HEINRICH [IV] von Esch (-before Feb 1261).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  m (after 1247) as her second husband, --- von Salm, widow of FRIEDRICH von Vianden, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Salm [Vianden] & his wife (-before 1263).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "tertia filia domini Rogeri de Rosoic...Clementia" married "comiti de Salmis in Ardenna" and had one son (“Guilelmus” who married “filiam comitis Juliacensis Wilelmi”) and one daughter (who married “domino de Ayste” who predeceased his father, but had “filium...Robertum” although the land was inherited by “eius patruum dominum Joffredum”)[99].  Heinrich [IV] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ROBERT [II] von Esch (-after 1308).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "tertia filia domini Rogeri de Rosoic...Clementia" married "comiti de Salmis in Ardenna" and had one son (“Guilelmus” who married “filiam comitis Juliacensis Wilelmi”) and one daughter (who married “domino de Ayste” who predeceased his father, but had “filium...Robertum” although the land was inherited by “eius patruum dominum Joffredum”)[100]

-         HERREN von USELDINGEN[101]

ii)         GOTTFRIED von Esch (-[1291/20 Dec 1292]).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "tertia filia domini Rogeri de Rosoic...Clementia" married "comiti de Salmis in Ardenna" and had one son (“Guilelmus” who married “filiam comitis Juliacensis Wilelmi”) and one daughter (who married “domino de Ayste” who predeceased his father, but had “filium...Robertum” although the land was inherited by “eius patruum dominum Joffredum”)[102]Herr von Esch

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    GRAFEN von BLIESGAU, GRAFEN von BLIESCASTEL, GRAFEN von HÜNEBURG

 

 

The county of Bliesgau lay east of the Saargau around the river Blies which joins the river Saar at Sarreguemines, at present a town in northern Lorraine on the border with Germany.  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Blesitchowa…Sarachowa superior…" to King Ludwig[103].  In the mid-10th century, the counties of Bliesgau and upper Saargau were administered by the Folmar family. 

 

The name “Bliescastel” later used by this family represents a compound of “Blies” and “Castel”, the latter being a castle at Saarburg which was acquired by the family. 

 

 

 

1.         EHRENFRIED, son of --- (-after 14 Jun 904).  "Matronæ Hildildæ" donated property to the abbey of Prüm by charter dated 20 Dec 866 which names "Irimifridus et Sigiricus comites necnon et Guntbertus atque Hadabaldus"[104]Graf von Bliesgau.  The Chronicon Laureshamense records a donation dated "877 Kal Oct" by "Liutharii" which is signed by "…Erinfridi comitis…"[105].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago Bliesiggowe in comitatu Ereinfridi" to "nobili viro Folcwin" by charter dated 13 Jun 888[106]Comte de Charpeigne: King Zwentibold donated property "in pago Uirdunensi in comitatu Rihuuini atque in pago Scarmis in comitatu Irenfridi capellam…Acei" to the monks of St Mihiel by charter dated 14 Aug 895[107].  The Chronicon Laureshamense records an exchange of property between "Hattonis archiepiscopi et abbatis de Riamnis" dated "904 XVIII Kal Iul" witnessed by "…Erinfridus comes…"[108]

 

 

1.         ODACRE [Odoacar] (-after [901/02])Graf von Bliesgau: Robert Bishop of Metz granted property "in pago Blesinsi in comitatu Odacri comitis in villa…Letoltingos…" to Kloster Neumünster by charter dated 17 Feb 893[109].  King Zwentibold donated property of "…Odacrus…comes in pago Treuerens" to St Maximin, Trier by charter dated 28 Jan 897[110]Regino records that in 897 "Stephanus, Odacar, Gerardus et Matfridus comites" had their honours confiscated, and the reconciliation of "Stephanus, Gerhardus et Matfridus" with King Zwentibold soon after[111].  Regino records that in 898 Zwentibold King of Lotharingia banished "Reginarium ducem…sibi fidissimum et unicum consiliarium" who went with "Odacro comite et quibusdam aliis, cum mulieribus et parvulis" to "Durfos" (near "Mosa fluvius") where they were besieged[112]Regino names "Odacar comes" in 899[113]Comte d'Ardenne 901-902.  His name suggests a family connection with Baudouin Count of Flanders whose father bore the same name. 

 

 

1.         FOLMAR [III] (-[994/95]).  The abbot of Gorze ratified acquisitions at “Flammereshem in Wormatie” by charter dated 14 Sep 977, subscribed by “…Folmeri comitis…[114]Graf im Bliesgau: "Otto…imperator augustus" made donations "in regno Lothariensi…Ernustesvuilere in pago Bliesichgoue in comitatu Volcmari comitis" to the Kloster St Gorgonius at Gorze in accordance with the last wishes of "Cunradus filius Ruodolfi quondam comitis" killed in battle with the Sarracens, by charter dated 26 Sep 982[115].  "Theodericus Dux, Folmarus Comes…" witnessed the charter dated 990 under which Hermann Bishop of Metz recorded the translation of St Clement to Metz[116]m BERTHA, sister of BERENGAR Chorbishop of Trier, daughter of --- (-after 996).  "Berta" donated property "in villa Rodena sita in pago Sarensi in comitatu Waldrauingensi" to St Ludwin in Metlach naming "defuncti coniugis mei Volkmeri" by charter dated 995 witnessed by "Wetel comes et nepos eius Wetel…"[117].  "Domna Berta, viri illustris Volcmari comitis relicta" donated property "in pago Moselensi in comitatu Waldeleuinga cui Gisilbertus comes…villa Mudenfert" to St Maximin, Trier "per manum advocati nostri comitis Henrici" naming "Beringerum fratrum suum S Treurice sedis corepiscopum" by charter dated 996 witnessed by "Friderich comes"[118].  Folmar [III] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         [FOLMAR [IV] (-1026 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He founded St Rémy at Lunéville.] 

-        see below.   

b)         [STEFAN (-12 Mar 995).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Toul 994.  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “domnus Stephanus...nobili Parisiensium stirpe editus de Lineri villa” [Luneville] succeeded as bishop of Toul, held office “anno...et semis”, died “IV Id Mar...apud Bodonis monasterium” and was buried “apud Medianense cœnobium[119].] 

c)         [RICHILDE .  This origin is suggested by the charter dated 1076 under which Pibon Bishop of Toul granted privileges to the priory of Laître sous Amance, founded by "comitissæ Sophiæ", in which she declared that the castle of Amance belonged to "Theodericus dux, comitissæ avus" who had inherited it from "comiti Folmaro in Asmantia"[120].  No other primary source which confirms her parentage more precisely has yet been identified.  m THIERRY I Duke of Upper Lotharingia, son of FREDERIC I Duke of Upper Lotharingia & his wife Beatrix de France ([962/72]-11 Apr 1027).] 

 

 

FOLMAR [IV], son of [FOLMAR [III] Graf im Bliesgau & his wife Bertha ---] (-1026 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis records that "comes Folmarus senex" founded the monastery of Saint-Rémy at Lunéville[121]

m GERBERGE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[122], she was possibly Gerberge de Verdun, daughter of Godefroi "der Gefangene" Comte de Verdun & his wife Mechtild of Saxony [Billung] but the basis for this speculation is not known. 

Graf Folmar [IV] & his wife had three children: 

1.         GOTTFRIED [I] (-before 1056).  The Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis records that "comes Folmarus et Godefridus" donated property "ad Consengis" for the soul of "patris sui Folmari"[123].  "Godefridus et Hermannus Francorum Comites Catholici" installed nuns at Saint-Rémy de Lunéville by charter dated 1034[124]m JUDITH, daughter of ---.  The Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis records that "comes Godefridus" donated property "apud Priviliacum" and "comitissa Iudith" gave property "ad Bovengis"[125].  The source does not specify that Judith was the wife of Gottfried but this is a reasonable interpretation as the wife of Gottfried's brother Folmar is specified, and no other donor is named in the passage.  Graf Gottfried [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         FOLMAR [VI] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Metz.  1055/75.  m SUANEHILDE, daughter of --- (-before 1075).  Graf Folmar [V] & his wife had two children: 

i)          FOLMAR [VII] (-25 Jun 1111, bur Lixheim).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Metz, Huneburg et Lunéville.  He founded Lixheim in 1107. 

-         GRAFEN von METZ

ii)         GOTTFRIED [III] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Bliesgau.  1075/98. 

-         GRAFEN von BLIESCASTEL

b)         GOTTFRIED [II] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vogt von Neuweiler.  1065/70.  . 

2.         HERMANN [I] (-after 1034).  "Godefridus et Hermannus Francorum Comites Catholici" installed nuns at Saint-Rémy de Lunéville by charter dated 1034[126]

3.         FOLMAR [V] (-after 1075).  The Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis records that "comes Folmarus et Godefridus" donated property "ad Consengis" for the soul of "patris sui Folmari"[127].  Graf im Saargau 1065.  m SPANCHILDIS, daughter of ---.  The Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis records that "comes Folmarus" donated property for the soul of "uxoris suæ Spanchildis iacentes ad Marengis"[128].  Graf Folmar & his wife had one child: 

a)         HERMANN [II] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  [Vogt von Hornbach 1072/[1100]]. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise shown below. 

 

GOTTFRIED [III], son of FOLMAR [VI] Graf & his wife Suanehilde --- (-1098 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Bliesgau.  1075/98.  Emperor Heinrich IV donated the abbey of Hornbach "in pago Blisengowe in comitatu Godefridi" to the church of Speyer by charter dated 1087[129]

m MATHILDE de Luxembourg, daughter of CONRAD I Comte de Luxembourg & his [first wife Ermensende ---].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Guilelmum de Luscelenburg…et Ermensendem…et Mathildem" as children of "Conrado comiti de Luscelenburch" & his wife Ermensende, specifying that Mathilde was "comitissam de Longui et de Homborc et de Castris" and that she was mother of "comitem Folmerum et sorores eius Helvidem, quam habuit comes Gerardus de Reneke dyocesis Herbipolensis et illam qua dux de Bronsviic genuit filiam, que in Sclavia hereditavit"[130], although the Chronicle appears to skip a generation in this account.  It is improbable, from a chronological point of view, that Mathilde was the daughter of Konrad´s wife Clementia, assuming that the latter is the same person as Clementia Gräfin von Gleichberg who is named in charters dated 1141 (see the document LUXEMBOURG).  Considering that Mathilde´s son is named in 1087, it is unlikely that Mathilde herself could have been born much later than [1065].  If that is correct, Clementia would have been a centenarian when she died after 1141, which is unlikely.  It is therefore probable that Mathilde was born from an earlier marriage of her father´s. 

Godefroi & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         GOTTFRIED [I] (-1127 or after).  Graf von Bliescastel.  1087/1127.  m ---.  Gottfried [I] & his wife had [nine] children: 

a)         FOLMAR [I] (-1179 or after).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildem [de Luscelenburch]" as mother of "comitem Folmerum et sorores eius Helvidem, quam habuit comes Gerardus de Reneke dyocesis Herbipolensis et illam qua dux de Bronsviic genuit filiam, que in Sclavia hereditavit"[131], although the Chronicle appears to skip a generation in this account.  Graf von Bliescastel

-        see below

b)         DIETRICH (-before 1159)Graf von Hüneburg.  Landgraf im (Unter-)Elsass [1135].  m ADELHEID von Habsburg, daughter of OTTO [II] Graf von Habsburg & his wife ---.  A Habsburg genealogy names "Wernherum et Adelheidem de Huneburg" as the children of "Otto"[132].  1155.  Graf Dietrich & his wife had four children: 

i)          GOTTFRIED (-1175 or after)Graf von Hüneburg.  Landgraf im Elsass.  m --- von Werd, daughter of SIGEBERT [II] Graf von Werd. 

ii)         OTTO .  Graf von Hüneburg 1153/1181. 

iii)        DIETRICH (-1182 or after, bur Werschweiler).  Graf von Homburg.  “...Theodoricus comes de Homberc...” subscribed the charter dated 1172 under which “Ludovicus senior comes de Sarwerden...et frater meus Ludovicus” confirmed the foundation of Wœrschweiler (Wernereswilre) abbey[133]

-         GRAFEN und HERREN von HOMBURG[134]

iv)       daughter. 

c)         GOTTFRIED

d)         GREGOR .  Abbot of Prüm 1171-1179. 

e)         LOTHAR .  1175. 

f)          [daughter ([1130]-[1190]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildem [de Luscelenburch]" as mother of "comitem Folmerum et sorores eius Helvidem, quam habuit comes Gerardus de Reneke dyocesis Herbipolensis et illam qua dux de Bronsviic genuit filiam, que in Sclavia hereditavit"[135], although the Chronicle appears to skip a generation in this account.  The likely birth date of this individual suggests it is unlikely that she was the daughter of Graf Gottfried [I], given the other dates attributed to his children.  Until corroboration of her parentage is found in other sources, the accuracy of Alberic must be considered doubtful.  Jordan clarifies that the name "Ida" attributed to Duke Heinrich's mistress[136] is incorrect, being an error deriving from Origines Guelficæ[137] which, in recopying from the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, miscopied the word "illam" as "Idam"[138]Mistress of HEINRICH “der Löwe” Duke of Saxony [HEINRICH XII Duke of Bavaria], son of HEINRICH X "der Stolze" Duke of Bavaria and Duke of Saxony & his wife Gertrud von Süpplingenburg ([1129/30]-Braunschweig 6 Aug 1195, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).] 

g)         HUGO (-after 1173).  "Folmarus comes de Castro et frater eius Hugo…" witnessed the charter dated 1173 under which Arnold Archbishop of Trier confirmed property to Kloster Himmerode[139]

h)         [FRIEDRICH .  Graf von Saarwerden.  1111/1131.] 

-        GRAFEN von SAARWERDEN

2.         FOLMARGraf von Hüneburg.  1105/1133.  “Counradus Dux de Zaringen, Gotefridus comes palatinus de Calewo, Adelbertus Comes de Lewinstein fratruelis eiusdem Gotefridi palatini, Hugo comes de Tagesburc, Volmarus Comes de Huneburc, Willehelmus Comes de Lucelenburc, Addelbero Comes de Areburc et frater eius Herimannus et ipse Comes Counradus de Horeburc...” witnessed the charter dated 1123 under which Emperor Heinrich V [IV] confirmed the foundation of Alpirsbach monastery[140]

3.         [HELWIDE .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildem [de Luscelenburch]" as mother of "comitem Folmerum et sorores eius Helvidem, quam habuit comes Gerardus de Reneke dyocesis Herbipolensis et illam qua dux de Bronsviic genuit filiam, que in Sclavia hereditavit"[141].  As noted above, there appears to be some chronological doubt about the accuracy of this report.  In particular, it is unlikely that the mistress of Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony could have been the sister of the wife of Gerhard Graf von Mainz.  However, assuming that Helwide was a member of the Blieskastel family, it is chronologically probable that she was the sister of Graf Gottfried [I].  m GERHARD Graf von Mainz, son of --- (-after 1106).  1084/1106.] 

 

 

FOLMAR [I] von Bliescastel, son of GOTTFRIED [I] Graf von Bliescastel & his wife --- (-1179 or after).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildem [de Luscelenburch]" as mother of "comitem Folmerum et sorores eius Helvidem, quam habuit comes Gerardus de Reneke dyocesis Herbipolensis et illam qua dux de Bronsviic genuit filiam, que in Sclavia hereditavit"[142], although the Chronicle appears to skip a generation in this account.  Graf von Bliescastel.  “Folmarus…comes de Castel…et uxor mea Clementia” made declarations relating to Gorze Abbey by charter dated to [1152/60][143].  “...Folmarus comes de Castello et filii eius Folmarus et Hugo...” subscribed the charter dated 1172 under which “Ludovicus senior comes de Sarwerden...et frater meus Ludovicus” confirmed the foundation of Wœrschweiler (Wernereswilre) abbey[144].  "Folmarus comes de Castro et frater eius Hugo…" witnessed the charter dated 1173 under Arnold Archbishop of Trier which confirmed property to Kloster Himmerode[145]

m CLEMENTIA von Metz, daughter of FOLMAR [VIII] Graf von Metz & his wife Mechtild von Dagsburg.  “Folmarus…comes de Castel…et uxor mea Clementia” made declarations relating to Gorze Abbey by charter dated to [1152/60][146].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1157. 

Folmar [I] & his wife had five children: 

1.         FOLMAR [II] (-before 1223).  “...Folmarus comes de Castello et filii eius Folmarus et Hugo...” subscribed the charter dated 1172 under which “Ludovicus senior comes de Sarwerden...et frater meus Ludovicus” confirmed the foundation of Wœrschweiler (Wernereswilre) abbey[147]Graf von Bliescastel.  "Folmarus comes de Castris et Henricus filius suus…" witnessed the charter dated 1212 which Johann Archbishop of Trier issued relating to the church of Ittel[148]m JUTTA von Saarbrücken, daughter of SIMON [I] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Mechtild ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  A close relationship between the Saarbrücken and Bliescastel families is shown by the charter dated 1223 under which "Simon comes Sarepont et…mater mea Lucardis comitissa in Wide" donated part of the church at Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "ducis cognati mei Walrami et filiorum suorum Henrici et Walrami et Henrici Gemini Pontis comitis patrui mei et…cognati mei Henrici comitis de Castello et…Lutheri comitis de Wide"[149].  The term cognatus, used in reference to three individuals in this charter, means “stepfather” in the case of Lothar Graf von Wied.  It is suggested that “Henrici comitis de Castello” refers to Heinrich Graf von Bliescastel (no Graf von Castell named Heinrich has been identified at that period), maybe the son of the donor’s paternal aunt.  Folmar [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         HEINRICH (-1237 before 13 Dec).  "Folmarus comes de Castris et Henricus filius suus…" witnessed the charter dated 1212 which Johann Archbishop of Trier issued relating to the church of Ittel[150]Graf von Bliescastel.  Dietrich Archbishop of Trier confirmed the donation made by "consanguineus noster Henricus comes de Castris et…uxor eius Agnes" to Wadgassen abbey, with the consent of "Johannis filii sui", by charter dated 30 Nov 1232[151].  His family relationship with the archbishop of Trier has not yet been traced.  m (before 1225) AGNES von Sayn, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Sayn & his wife Agnes von Saffenberg (-[7 Aug] 1259 or after).  Dietrich Archbishop of Trier confirmed the donation made by "consanguineus noster Henricus comes de Castris et…uxor eius Agnes" to Wadgassen abbey, with the consent of "Johannis filii sui", by charter dated 30 Nov 1232[152].  "Agnes comitissa de Castris" granted "medietatem castri in Hunolstein" to "genero nostro viro nobili de Salmis Henrico cum Loretha filia mea eiusdem H. uxore", with the consent of "comitis Seynensis domini Henrici fratris mei", by charter dated 9 Feb 1243[153].  "Agnes comitissa de Castele" donated property "inter villam Gulse et villam Metrico" to Abtei Sayn, founded by "pater noster bone memorie Henricus comes Seynensis", by charter dated 1257[154].  [The necrology of Arnstein an der Lahn records the death 7 Aug of "Agnetis comitisse de Castro, que contulit nobis domum in Limpurgk"[155].]  Heinrich & his wife had eight children: 

i)          JOHANN (-[1235]).  Dietrich Archbishop of Trier confirmed the donation made by "consanguineus noster Henricus comes de Castris et…uxor eius Agnes" to Wadgassen abbey, with the consent of "Johannis filii sui", by charter dated 30 Nov 1232[156]

ii)         FRIEDRICH (-1236). 

iii)        ELISABETH (-1273 after 12 Apr, bur Graffenthal).  Heiress of Bliescastel.  "Elisabet comitissa de Castris" swore homage to the bishop of Metz, with the consent of "mariti mei Bertholdi comitis de Solce", by charter dated 26 Mar 1238[157]m firstly (before 26 Mar 1238, divorced 1238) BERTHOLD Graf von Sulz, son of --- (-before 15 May 1253).  Canon at Strasbourg cathedral 1247.  m secondly (1238) RENAUD de Lorraine, son of FERRY II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Agnes de Bar (-end 1274).  Seigneur de Bitsche, Graf von Bliescastel 1238.  "R. comes de Castris et dominus de Bittis" confirmed a division of territories between "dominus Theodericus et dominus Hugo fratres de Indagine"  by charter dated 10 Nov 1241[158]

iv)       MECHTILD (-after Jun 1258).  Dietrich Archbishop of Trier granted "castri…Hunoldisteyn" to "Metthildis et Loretta filie…consanguinei nostri Henrici bone memorie quondam comitis de Castris" by charter dated 2 Jan 1238[159].  "Fr. dominus de Blankenheym et Meitildis uxor eius heredes domine Agnetis comitisse de Castris" confirmed the donation of "patronatus ecclesie de Lussenich" to the Teutonic Knights made by "dictam dominam Agnetem comitissam de Castris" by charter dated Jun 1258[160]m FRIEDRICH [I] Herr zu Blankenheim .  1241/1275. 

v)        LAURETTE (-Sep 1269).  Dietrich Archbishop of Trier granted "castri…Hunoldisteyn" to "Metthildis et Loretta filie…consanguinei nostri Henrici bone memorie quondam comitis de Castris" by charter dated 2 Jan 1238[161].  "Agnes comitissa de Castris" granted "medietatem castri in Hunolstein" to "genero nostro viro nobili de Salmis Henrico cum Loretha filia mea eiusdem H. uxore", with the consent of "comitis Seynensis domini Henrici fratris mei", by charter dated 9 Feb 1243[162].  Heiress of Hünolstein, Bernkastel and Puttlingen.  [m firstly --- von Rappolstein, son of --- (-before 1242).]  m [secondly] (1242 before 12 Feb) HEINRICH [IV] Graf von Salm, son of HEINRICH von Salm & his wife Marguerite de Bar (-8 Jan 1292 or 8 Jun 1293). 

vi)       IMAGINA (-5 Nov, before Apr 1298).  "Dominus Joannes de Lympurgh ac Oda uxor nostra legitima" founded a chapel "in castro nostro de Lympurgh", for the souls of "Gerlaci patris nostri ac Imagine matris nostre, Elisabeth prime nostre legitime", by charter dated Apr 1298[163].  The necrology of Limburg Franciscan monastery records the death 5 Nov of "Imyna domina in Lymporgh"[164]m GERLACH von Isenburg Herr von Limburg, son of HEINRICH [I] von Isenburg Herr von Cleeberg & his wife --- (-1289 or after). 

vii)      ADELHEID (-before 1272).  "Godefridus comes de Arnesberg cum uxore nostra Alheydi et…Engelbertus comes de Marcha cum uxore nostra Cunegundi" donated "patronatus ecclesie de Lussenich" to the Teutonic Knights, for the soul of "quondam comitis Henrici Seynensis", by charter dated Jul 1258[165]m GOTTFRIED [III] Graf von Arnsberg, son of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Arnsberg & his first wife Elisabeth --- (-1282). 

viii)     KUNIGUNDE (-before 1265).  Engelbert Graf von der Mark names "fratrem nostrum Ottonem comitem de Althena…uxore nostra Kunegundi" in a charter dated 1250[166].  "Godefridus comes de Arnesberg cum uxore nostra Alheydi et…Engelbertus comes de Marcha cum uxore nostra Cunegundi" donated "patronatus ecclesie de Lussenich" to the Teutonic Knights, for the soul of "quondam comitis Henrici Seynensis", by charter dated Jul 1258[167]m as his first wife, ENGELBERT [I] Graf von der Mark, son of ADOLF Graf von Altena & his second wife Irmgard van Gelre (-Bredevoort 16 Nov 1277, bur Cappenberg). 

b)         FRIEDRICH (-before 1223). 

c)         HUGO

d)         MECHTILD (-before 1241). 

2.         HUGO [I] (-1220 or after).  “...Folmarus comes de Castello et filii eius Folmarus et Hugo...” subscribed the charter dated 1172 under which “Ludovicus senior comes de Sarwerden...et frater meus Ludovicus” confirmed the foundation of Wœrschweiler (Wernereswilre) abbey[168].  Comte de Lunéville.  m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of KONRAD [I] Wildgraf und Graf von Kyrburg & his wife Mathilde de Bar.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildis uxor comitis Manasseri Reytestensis [et] Cunegundis domna de Rista" as daughters of "tertia [sorore eiusdem comitis =comes Barri iunior Raynaldus]"[169]

-        COMTES de LUNEVILLE [GRAFEN von LÜTZELSTEIN][170]

3.         HEINRICH (-1196, bur Liège Saint-Lambert).  Canon at Liège Saint-Lambert.  Bishop of Verdun 1181.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Henricus de Castris” succeeded Arnoul as bishop of Verdun[171].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the abdication in 1186 of “Henricus” and the succession of “Albertus[172].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1187 that "Henricus...de Castris" abdicated as bishop of Verdun and went to Liège (“Leodium venit”) where he died after some years and was buried “in ecclesia beati Lamberti[173].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the abdication of “Henricus de Castris Virdunensis episcopus”, his retirement to Liège and his burial “in ecclesia sancti Lamberti ubi prius canonicus fuerat[174]

4.         GOTTFRIED (-young). 

5.         MECHTILD

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    COMTES de CASTRES

 

 

The pagus Castricensis lay along both banks of the river Meuse, from Donchéry in the south northwards through Mézières as far as the confluence with the river Semois, covering the present cantons of Signy, Flize, Mézières, Rumigny and Monthermé.  The county of Mouzon (pagus Mosomensis) lay to the south-east of Castres and included the present cantons of Raucourt, Mouzon and Sedan[175].  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Mosminse, Castricium…" to King Charles[176].  Erlebold is the only 10th century comte de Castres who is named in the primary sources so far consulted.  At some time in the 10th century, the county must have passed into the hands of the comtes de Verdun, as shown by the charter dated 1005 which names Frédéric Comte de Verdun as comte de Castres (see below).  It is assumed that the county of Mouzon followed the same pattern, but no primary source has so far been identified which names any of its counts. 

 

 

1.         ERLEBOLD (-killed in battle 921).  He possessed territories in pagus Lommensis (near Namur), pagus Castricensis (near Mézières), Charpeigne, and probably also the Saulnois (near Metz)[177].  "Erleboldus…et uxor mea Alpaidis" founded the monastery of Salles "in pago…Haynau in loco…Macons" by charter dated 8 Sep 887 which names "filius noster Wiermiundus"[178].  [The Chronicon Maceriense records in 899 that "Herlebaldus" built a castle "in quadam summitate supra Mozam" which he defended against "Fulconem archiepicopum"[179].  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 900 that "Herlebaldus" defeated "Fredericum Hucbaldi filium" at "Warcum"[180].  It should be noted the authenticity of this document has been contested by both Wattenbach and Longnon in Germany and France respectively[181].  The information contained in this source should therefore be treated with extreme caution.]  Comte de Charpeigne: "Erlebaldus comes" intervened in support of an exchange of property between the abbey of Gorze and Erembert by charter dated 912[182]Comte de Castres: Flodoard records that "Erlebaldus comes pagi Castricensis", possessor of the castle of "Macerias", was excommunicated for invading land of the archbishop of Reims who besieged Mézières, and that he was killed in battle "in pago Warmacensi…contra Henricum principem Transrhenenem"[183].  Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks restored Kloster Susteren to the abbey of Prüm by charter dated 19 Jan 916 which names "fidelium nostrorum…Widricus comes palatii, Richuuinus comes, Gislebertus, Matfridus, Beringerius comites, Theodericus comes, Reinherus comes, Erleboldus"[184].  [The Chronicon Maceriense records in 920 that "Herlebaldus" attacked "Dulcomensem pagum" so violently that he was excommunicated by "Herivei…archiepiscopus"[185].  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 921 that "Heriveus [archiepiscopus]" attacked "Macerias" and that "Herlebaldus" was killed[186].  As noted above, the information contained in this dubious source should be treated with extreme caution.]  m firstly ALPAIS, daughter of ---.  "Erleboldus…et uxor mea Alpaidis" founded the monastery of Salles "in pago…Haynau in loco…Macons" by charter dated 8 Sep 887 which names "filius noster Wiermiundus"[187].  Secondary sources suggest that she was Alpais, illegitimate daughter of Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks & his mistress ---, but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  If it is correct, the 887 charter quoted above must be misdated (assuming that it is genuine).  The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Arnulfum, Drogonem, Roriconem et Alpaidem" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex concubina"[188]m secondly ISABELLE, daughter of ---.  [The Chronicon Maceriense records in 921 that "relicta Isabella uxore" fled to "Carolum regem" after her husband was killed[189].  It should be noted the authenticity of this document has been contested by both Wattenbach and Longnon in Germany and France respectively[190].  The information contained in this source should therefore be treated with extreme caution.]  Erlebold & his first wife had one child: 

a)         WERIMUND (-after 8 Sep 887).  "Erleboldus…et uxor mea Alpaidis" founded the monastery of Salles "in pago…Haynau in loco…Macons" by charter dated 8 Sep 887 which names "filius noster Wiermiundus"[191]

Erlebold & his second wife had two children: 

b)         [WARIN (-960).  The Chronicon Maceriense in 921 names "Gabinum ferreum brachium dictum et Esther" as the children of Erlebold "ex Isabella"[192]Comte de Castres.  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 925 that "Manasses Porcensis, Marcus Dulcomensis et Guarinus Castriencis" defeated "cum Reginaldo Rociensi Normannos apud Calvum montem"[193].  The Chronicon Maceriense records the death in 960 of "Guarinus sine progenie", adding that "comitatum Castriensem et Macerias" was inherited by "Manasses Registetensis comes ex Ordela uxore Guarini filia"[194]m firstly FELICITAS, daughter of --- ([905/06]-926).  The Chronicon Maceriense records the death in 926 of "Felicitas etatis 20" and her burial "in ecclesia Polliaco" {Pouilly}, the following passage clarifying that she was Warin´s wife when it states that he was childless "ex Felicitate"[195]m secondly (929) GILLA, daughter of MARC Comte de Dormois & his wife ---.  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 929 that "Guarinus" married "Gillam Marci filiam", explaining that he was childless "ex Felicitate", and adding that "Marcus pectens porcos dictus est" not because of his sluggishness but because he grunted[196].  It should be noted the authenticity of this document has been contested by both Wattenbach and Longnon in Germany and France respectively[197].  The information contained in this source should therefore be treated with extreme caution.  Warin & his second wife had one child:] 

i)          ORDELA .  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 941 that "Balthazar Registensis" made peace with Warin and requested the hand in marriage of "Guarino Ordelam" for "Manasse filio"[198].  As noted above, this source should be treated with extreme caution.  m (941) MANASSES [I] de Rethel, son of BERNARD [Balthasar] Comte de Rethel & his wife --- (-after 989).] 

c)         [ESTHER (-after 921).  The Chronicon Maceriense in 921 names "Gabinum ferreum brachium dictum et Esther" as the children of Erlebold "ex Isabella", adding that Esther was blemished with black marks ("nigris…maculis") and remained unmarried[199].  The Chronicon Maceriense records the death in 960 of "Guarinus sine progenie", adding that "comitatum Castriensem et Macerias" was inherited by "Manasses Registetensis comes ex Ordela uxore Guarini filia"[200].  As noted above, the information contained in this source should be treated with extreme caution.] 

 

 

1.         FREDERIC, son of GODEFROI Comte de Verdun & his wife Mechtild of Saxony (-Verdun 6 Jan 1022, bur Monastery St Guy).  "Adalberonem…episcopum, Fredericum et Herimannum comites, Godefridum atque Gozelonem" are named (in order) as the five sons of "comiti Godefrido" and "Mathildis Saxoniæ comitissa" in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, which specifies that Frederic became a monk and made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem[201].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "episcopum Virdunensem Alberonem, comitem Fridericum…comitem de Daburc Hermannum…et duos duces Godefridum et Gothelonem" as sons of "Godefridi Ardennensis" and his wife Mechtild, specifying that Frederic was "Sancti Vitonii monachum"[202].  "Comite Frederico" is named as brother of Adalbero Bishop of Verdun in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, when recording that he repatriated Adalbero's body from Italy[203].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Verdun.  It is uncertain how long Frederic remained as count in Verdun as the charter dated 17 Aug 1156 of Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" indicates that the county was transferred to the bishop of Verdun during the reign of Emperor Otto III[204].  However, a charter dated 1020, under which Heimo Bishop of Verdun confirmed an exchange of property, names "domni Frederici…comes nostre civitatis"[205], which suggests that Frederic continued as count at least in part of the county.  The charter dated [1020] of Abbot Richard demonstrates that Frederic must have resigned the county soon after, as it refers to "temporis dominus Fredericus qui comes Virdunensis civitatis fuerat" adding that he became a monk at Saint-Vanne[206].  Frederic was also Comte de Castres, as shown by the charter dated 5 May 1005 under which Heinrich II King of Germany granted market rights at "Doncheria…in comitatu…Frederici comitis…Castricensis" to Saint-Médard de Soissons[207].  The necrology of St Vaast records the death in 1022 of "Fridericus avunculus Balduini Barbati comitis Flandriæ, ortus ex Godefrido Barbato comite Arduennæ, Virduni, Bullonii et Mathilde comitissæ Saxoniæ", noting that he was "præpositus Sancti Vedasti" from 1001 until his death, and his burial "monasterium Sancti Widoni"[208]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    COMTES de CHARPEIGNE

 

 

The county of Charpeigne (pagus Scarponensis) derives its name from the Roman encampment of Scarpona, at Dieulouard on the river Moselle south of Pont-à-Mousson.  It covered the territory south of Metz from Ars-sur-Moselle southwards to the counties of Toul and Chaumontois, mainly on the left bank of the Moselle as far as the county of Verdun and including the abbey of Gorze (although the abbey itself was vassal of the bishopric of Metz)[209].  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated and "…comitatum…Scarponinse…" to King Charles[210]

 

 

1.         BERNARIUS (-executed 883)Comte de Charpeigne.  Walo Bishop of Metz noted donations of property in “pago Scarponinse, in comitatu Berneri” by “Leutchardis et filius suus Nithardus” to Gorze Abbey, by charter dated 874[211].  A charter dated 882 names property "in pago Scarponensi in comitatu Berneri in villa Hodingas super fluvio Alsoncia", although Vanderkindere highlights that the river Alsoncia or Alzette is not located in this area, concluding that this detail raises doubts about the authenticity of the charter[212]Regino names "Stephanus, Ruodbertus, Wicbertus, Thietbaldus comites, Albricus et frater eius Stephanus" recording that they opposed "Hugo filius Hlotharii" in France in 883, specifying that Wicbert was killed by Hugo and thereafter "Bernarius" executed[213]

 

2.         EHRENFRIED, son of --- (-after 14 Jun 904).  "Matronæ Hildildæ" donated property to the abbey of Prüm by charter dated 20 Dec 866 which names "Irimifridus et Sigiricus comites necnon et Guntbertus atque Hadabaldus"[214]Graf von Bliesgau.  The Chronicon Laureshamense records a donation dated "877 Kal Oct" by "Liutharii" which is signed by "…Erinfridi comitis…"[215].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago Bliesiggowe in comitatu Ereinfridi" to "nobili viro Folcwin" by charter dated 13 Jun 888[216]Comte de Charpeigne: King Zwentibold donated property "in pago Uirdunensi in comitatu Rihuuini atque in pago Scarmis in comitatu Irenfridi capellam…Acei" to the monks of St Mihiel by charter dated 14 Aug 895[217].  The Chronicon Laureshamense records an exchange of property between "Hattonis archiepiscopi et abbatis de Riamnis" dated "904 XVIII Kal Iul" witnessed by "…Erinfridus comes…"[218]

 

3.         ERLEBOLD (-killed in battle 921).  He possessed territories in pagus Lommensis (near Namur), pagus Castricensis (near Mézières), Charpeigne, and probably also the Saulnois (near Metz)[219]Comte de Charpeigne: "Erlebaldus comes" intervened in support of an exchange of property between the abbey of Gorze and Erembert by charter dated 912[220]Comte de Castres: Flodoard records that "Erlebaldus comes pagi Castricensis", possessor of the castle of "Macerias", was excommunicated for invading land of the archbishop of Reims who besieged Mézières, and that he was killed in battle "in pago Warmacensi…contra Henricum principem Transrhenenem"[221].  Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks restored Kloster Susteren to the abbey of Prüm by charter dated 19 Jan 916 which names "fidelium nostrorum…Widricus comes palatii, Richuuinus comes, Gislebertus, Matfridus, Beringerius comites, Theodericus comes, Reinherus comes, Erleboldus"[222]

 

 

1.         RICHWIN, son of LOUIS [I] & his wife --- ([980/90]-after 1052).  "Henricus…rex" granted property "Suntheim in pago Durihin et in comitatu Riwini comitis" to the bishopric of Bamberg by charter dated 1 Nov 1007[223].  A charter dated 1019, which records an agreement between Berthold Bishop of Toul and "Olricus miles", is subscribed by "Riquini comitis, Ludovicus comitis patris eius, item Ludovici filii eius, Theodorici fratris eius"[224]Comte de Charpeigne: Emperor Konrad II confirmed the properties of the convent of St Laurent at Dieulouard "in pago Scarpona in comitatu Richuini" by charter dated 2 May 1028[225]Comte de Saintois.  "Rainardi comitis […juniore], Conradi comitis…comite Ricuino juniore" witnessed the charter of Brunon Bishop of Toul dated 1043 which confirms the foundation of the priory of Deuilly by "Galterius de Daguliaco cum…conjugis suæ Adilæ", another version of the same document being signed by "Valtheri comitis, Rainardi comitis, Odelrici comitis, alterius Odelrici comitis…"[226].  "Richuini comitis Segintensis, Haimonis comitis…Everardi de Sorceio…Gosberti de Asperomonte…Wiselonis fratris Theoderici Virdunensis episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1052 under which Udon Bishop of Toul regulated the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville[227]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium names "Udonis" as successor of Bruno as Bishop of Toul and "pater eius comes Riquinus ex Reubariorum regione ortus, mater Mathildis ex Alemannia…genus"[228].  She may have been Mathilde von Egisheim, daughter of Hugo [VIII] Graf im Nordgau und zu Egisheim & his wife Heilwig ---, if it is correct that her son Louis was the same person as Louis Comte de Mousson, and also if it is correct that Pope Leo IX was the maternal uncle of the latter as suggested by Picard[229].  If this is correct, Mathilde would have been one of her parents´ older children considering the probable birth date of her son Louis.  Richwin & his wife had three children: 

a)         LOUIS [II] (-after 1019).  A charter dated 1019, which records an agreement between Berthold Bishop of Toul and "Olricus miles", is subscribed by "Riquini comitis, Ludovicus comitis patris eius, item Ludovici filii eius, Theodorici fratris eius"[230]same person as…?  LOUIS ([1015]-[29 Aug 1071/1076]).  Comte de Mousson.  This co-identity is proposed by Europäische Stammtafeln[231].  It is true that it presents no chronological difficulties, but it is not the only theory which has been proposed to explain the origin of Louis Comte de Mousson. 

-        COMTES de BAR et de MOUSSON

b)         SIGEBODO (-after 15 Apr 1064).  Archbishop Poppo restored the monastery of St Matheus to Trier by charter dated 2 Sep 1038, witnessed by "Dux Gozelo et comes Gozelo, comes Arnulfus, comes Sigebodo…"[232].  Heinrich IV King of Germany confirmed an exchange of property between Udo Bishop of Toul and the abbot of Kornelimünster which confirmed that "ipse episcopus et comes Sigebodo frater et advocatus capitis eius" gave "allodium suum Grusmithis in Hasbanio iuxta monasterium sancti Trudonis", by charter dated 15 Apr 1064, also signed by "…comes Sigebodo…"[233]

c)         UDO ([1019][234]-24 Jul 1069).  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “Udonis...pater eius...comes Riquinus ex Reubariorum regione ortus mater...eius Mathildis...ex Alemannia duxit genus” succeeded as bishop of Toul[235]Bishop of Toul 1052.  "Richuini comitis Segintensis, Haimonis comitis, Arnulfi de Ignes, Odelrici de Novo-villare et fratris eius Herimanni, Arnulfi comitis de Sorceio, Everardi de Sorceio…Gosberti de Asperomonte…Wiselonis fratris Theoderici Virdunensis episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1052 under which Udon Bishop of Toul regulated the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville[236].  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “Udonis” held office for 18 years, died “pridie Id Jul” and was buried “in suæ sedis ecclesia[237]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    COMTES de CHAUMONT, COMTES de MORTAGNE, COMTES de BRIXEY

 

 

A.      COMTES de CHAUMONT, COMTES de MORTAGNE

 

 

The county of Chaumont (comitatus Calvomontensis) lay in the south-east of the duchy of Upper Lotharingia, to the east of the counties of Saintes and Toul, and south of the counties of Saulne and Albensis.  It included the towns of Epinal, Nancy and Lunéville, and the abbeys of Bouxières, Saint-Dié, Senones and Moyenmoutier[238].  The first recorded count was Stefan of the Matfried family.  The Chronicon Mediani Monasterii records that "Hillino comiti" replaced the monks by canons, during the reign of Zwentibold King of Lotharingia, and that he was succeeded by "Riqwinus secundus, tertius Otto"[239], identified as Richwin Comte de Verdun and his son Otto, presumably as avoués of Moyenmoutier although this does not necessarily mean that all three individuals were also Comtes de Chaumont.  The Chronicon Mediani Monasterii records that "quartus Boso…quintus Ainardus" succeeded "Otto" as administrators of the monastery[240].  Vanderkindere suggests that the county of Chaumont broke up after the death of Comte Hugues, dated to before 950[241].  He notes that the county of Mortagne formed in the mid-10th century in the central area of Chaumont, including the bailliages of La Bruyère and Lunéville.  The county of Brixey also emerged in the mid-11th century in the area of the county of Chaumont.  The common use of the name "Olry" suggests a family relationship between the early comtes de Chaumont and the later comtes de Brixey, and also with the comtes de Reynel (see the document CHAMPAGNE NOBILITY).  The county of Lunéville should also be noted, but this was ruled by the comtes de Metz of the Folmar family (see COMTES de METZ, in the present document).  The county of Sorcy emerged in the pagus Bedensis, not named in the 870 treaty of Meersen, which lay along both banks of the river Meuse from Ourches to Pont-à-Meuse and included Commercy, Pagny, Sorcy and Vaucouleurs[242]

 

 

1.         STEFAN, son of --- (-after [900])Comte de Chaumont: Arnulf King of Germany granted property "in pago Calmenzgouve in comitatu Stephani in locis…Granswillari et Rosieres" to "abbati Stephano" by charter dated 19 May 891[243].  Emperor Arnulf confirmed complaints by Arnaud Bishop of Toul against "comes Stephanus et Gerardus frater suus et Matfridus", on the intervention of "filii nostri Zuenzoboldi et Vikenindi ducis", by undated charter, marked as spurious in the compilation although there is no reason why the genealogical information should be considered inaccurate[244]Graf von Bidgau: King Zwentibold donated property "in pago Piatahgeuue in comitatu Stefani comitis…Steinheim, Carescara, Oppilendorf, Bullendorf, Arenza, Maquila, Gladehch, Uffichine" to the canons of Echternach by charter dated 28 Oct 895[245].  Ludwig "das Kind" King of the East Franks confirmed an exchange of property between Kloster Fulda and "nobilis comes Stefan" with the consent of "germani sui Walohonis viri religiosi" by spurious charter dated 900[246]

 

 

1.         HUGUES (-[23 May/16 Aug] 950)Comte de Chaumont.  The Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis names "…Hugone comite Calvomontise et Eva uxore eius, Udelrico archiepiscopo Remense et Arnulpho comite, fratre eiusdem, filiis predicti Hugonis" among the donors to Metz St Arnulf[247].  Gérard Abbot of Saint-Martin-les-Metz confirmed the privileges of his abbey, with the consent of "domni Hugonis comitis et Bernardi advocati", by charter dated 23 May 950 signed by "…Hugonis comitis, Bernardi advocati…"[248]m EVA, daughter of --- (-after 21 Apr 958).  The Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis names "…Hugone comite Calvomontise et Eva uxore eius, Udelrico archiepiscopo Remense et Arnulpho comite, fratre eiusdem, filiis predicti Hugonis" among the donors to Metz St Arnulf[249].  "Eva comitissa et filius meus Udelricus…Remorum Archiepiscopus" donated "villam meam Layum…in comitatu Culvomontisse", granted to her by her husband as dower, to the abbey of Metz Saint-Arnoul, in memory of "conjugis mei Hugonis…comitis, filiique nostri…comitis Arnulphi", on the instigation of "Adelberonis Metensium episcopi meique consanguinei", by charter dated 16 Aug 950, subscribed by "Frederici ducis, Sigifridi comitis, Gisleberti comitis, Thiæberti palatini comitis…"[250].  This document must be considered at least partially spurious in light of the date which predated the appointment of Eva´s son as archbishop by eight years.  Three subscribers can be identified as the sons of Wigerich [III] Comte d'Ardenne, which suggests that Eva was closely related either to Wigerich or his wife Cunigonde.  "Udelricus filius Evæ comitissæ, de fortissimo Francorum germine procreatus, in primo teneræ ætatis meæ flore paterna fueram gratia privatus, materna…cum unico fratre…Arnulpho…contentus" confirmed the donation of "fiscum…villam nostram Laium in comitatu Calvomontinse sitam" to Metz St Arnulf, naming "patre meo Hugone" and recording the death of his brother, by charter dated 21 Apr 958[251].  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

a)         OLRY [Udalric] (-6 Nov 969).  The Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis names "…Hugone comite Calvomontise et Eva uxore eius, Udelrico archiepiscopo Remense et Arnulpho comite, fratre eiusdem, filiis predicti Hugonis" among the donors to Metz St Arnulf[252].  "Eva comitissa et filius meus Udelricus…Remorum Archiepiscopus" donated "villam meam Layum…in comitatu Culvomontisse", granted to her by her husband as dower, to the abbey of Metz Saint-Arnoul, in memory of "conjugis mei Hugonis…comitis, filiique nostri…comitis Arnulphi", on the instigation of "Adelberonis Metensium episcopi meique consanguinei", by charter dated 16 Aug 950[253].  This document must be considered at least partially spurious in light of the date which predated the appointment of Eva´s son as archbishop by eight years.  "Udelricus filius Evæ comitissæ, de fortissimo Francorum germine procreatus, in primo teneræ ætatis meæ flore paterna fueram gratia privatus, materna…cum unico fratre…Arnulpho…contentus" confirmed the donation of "fiscum…villam nostram Laium in comitatu Calvomontinse sitam" to Metz Saint-Arnoul, naming "patre meo Hugone" and recording the death of his brother, by charter dated 21 Apr 958[254].  Abbé de Bouxières.  Archbishop of Reims 962.  Flodoard records in 962 the election of “Odelricum...clericum Hugonis...comitis filium” to “episcopatum Remensem” by papal legates, with the support of “Lothario rege cum regina matre...Brunone[255].  The Annales Remenses record the death in 961 of "domnus Artoldus" and the succession of "Odelricus archiepiscopus", adding that the latter donated "Vindenissam" [Venderesse][256].  The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "VIII Id Nov" of "domnus Odalricus archiepiscopus” and his donation of “Vindenissam[257]

b)         ARNOUL (-killed before 958).  The Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis names "…Hugone comite Calvomontise et Eva uxore eius, Udelrico archiepiscopo Remense et Arnulpho comite, fratre eiusdem, filiis predicti Hugonis" among the donors to Metz Saint-Arnoul[258]

 

 

1.         REGINBALD [Raimbaud/Ragimbald] (-28 May [962/17 Aug 984])Comte de Mortagne.  “Raginbaldus filius Ragimbaldi et Heriburgis” donated “in pago et comitatu Salnensi...Vitreneicurtim” to Gorze abbey, retaining part during the lifetime of “Fredelindis conjunx mea”, by charter dated 957, subscribed by “Teutberti comitis...[259].  “Regimbaldus comes” donated “Maurivillam in comitatu Salnini” to Metz Saint-Arnoul by charter dated 16 Jun 958, signed by "Fredelindæ conjugis eiusdem Regimbaldi, Teutberti comitis, Odacri comitis…"[260].  “Gisleberti comitis…item Gisleberti comitis, Erlebaldi, Ragimbaldi comitis…” subscribed a charter dated 959 under which “Fridericus…Francorum dux” recorded the settlement of a property “in pago et comitatu Scarponinse et Wabrensi, Virdunensi quoque” between Gorze Abbey and “vir illustrus…Aquinus…cum coniuge sua Adelindi[261].  "Sigericus cum coniuge mea Betta" founded the abbey of Vergaville "in comitatu Saraburg ubi…Odacher…præesse, in villa Widirgo Deldorf", including donations of property "in comitatu Dextroch ubi Teodebertus præsidet…in comitatu Mortisna ubi Regimboldus præest…", with the consent of "filio nostro Deoderico", by charter dated 966, signed by "Sigerici comitis, Dominæ Bettæ, Odachri comitis…Theotberti comitis…" and sworn by "Lambertus filius ipsorum…ad vicem Cancellarii"[262].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "V Kal Jun" of "Reginbaldus comes qui dedit nobis Vitriacicurtem et Bruhoc…"[263].  The abbot of Gorze confirmed privileges to “homines de potestate Bruoch” which they had enjoyed in the time of “pie memorie Raimbaldo comite” by charter dated 17 Aug 984[264]

 

2.         RIPAUD (-after 9 Dec 1027).  Comte de Chaumont.  Konrad II King of Germany confirmed the properties of Bouxières "in pago situm Calmontensi in comitatu Ripaldi comitis" by charter dated 9 Dec 1027[265]

 

3.         BERAUDComte de Chaumont.  The Vita Adelberonis names "Vendoperam Beraldi comitis in Calvomontense pago situm"[266].  Vanderkindere suggests that Béraud may have been the same person as Comte Ripaud[267]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de BRIXEY

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

 

1.         HAIMON (-[2 Nov], 1072 or after).  Comte de Brixey.  "Haimo comes" subscribed a charter dated 1036 issued by Bishop Bruno for Saint-Mansuy[268].  "Gerardi Ducis, Othonis Marchionis, Ludovici Comitis de Montione, Renaldi Comitis Tullensis, Hamonis de Brixeio, Milonis filii Rodulphi de Gondricurte" witnessed the bull of Pope Leo IX dated 1051 which confirms the church of Saint-Diey[269].  "Richuini comitis Segintensis, Haimonis comitis…Everardi de Sorceio…Gosberti de Asperomonte…Wiselonis fratris Theoderici Virdunensis episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1052 under which Udon Bishop of Toul regulated the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville[270].  "Fredericus…civitatis Leucorum comes" confirmed property at Viller-le-ses to the abbey of Saint-Eure by charter dated 1070, which names "comitibus meis antecessoribus Raimbaldo et Rainaldo majore eiusque filio Rainaldo minore meo socero", signed by "Haimonis comitis, Everardi comitis, Gilberti filii eius…"[271].  "Friderici hujus urbis comitis, Haimonis comitis et filii eius Odelrici, Everardi comitis et filiorum eius Gilberti et Henrici…" witnessed the charter dated 1071 under which Pibo Bishop of Toul donated property to the abbey of Saint-Eure[272].  1072.  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "2 Nov" of "Hanno comes"[273]m ---.  The name of Haimon's wife is not known.  Comte Haimon & his wife had one child: 

a)         OLRY [Odelric] (-[1 Apr, 3 Sep, 7 Sep or 16 Sep] 1102 or after).  "Friderici hujus urbis comitis, Haimonis comitis et filii eius Odelrici, Everardi comitis et filiorum eius Gilberti et Henrici…" witnessed the charter dated 1071 under which Pibo Bishop of Toul donated property to the abbey of Saint-Eure[274]Comte de Brixey.  “...Odelrici de Brissei, Petri filii eius” subscribed a charter dated 11 Oct 1101 under which Pibo Bishop of Toul consecrated the church of Saint-Nicholas-du-Port[275].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "1 Apr" of "Oldericus comes", "3 Sep" of "Ulricus comites", "7 Sep" of "Urricus comes", and "16 Sep" of "Oldericus comes"[276], one of which probably relates to Olry son of Comte Haimon, the death of the latter also being recorded in the same source.  m [MATHILDE] de Reynel, daughter of OLRY Comte de Reynel & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by reading together two charters which suggest the common inheritance of certain properties through the Reynel family.  Firstly, Henri Bishop of Toul confirmed donations made to La Crète, including “terram itaque grangiæ de Haydoiz de trium villarum Temprouh, Brichenville, Allenville territoriis fundatæ” donated by “domino Hugone comite Rinelli et filiis eius Hernulfe et Hayrardo, et Hugone domino de Fischa assensu et laude uxoris suæ Bergerolæ, et domini Gaufridi de Jonivilla et uxoris suæ Felicitatis”, by charter dated 1158[277].  Secondly, Henri Bishop of Toul confirmed donations made to La Crète, including “decimas de grangia dicta Haydoiz...pertinentes ad feodum de Brichenvilla...etiam...in territorio villæ Temprouh...et...in territorio villæ...Horcavallis et in territorio de Allenvilla” donated by [her sons] “Petris militis de Brisseio et Symonis fratris sui dominis de Burleinmont”, by undated charter[278].  The seigneurie de Bourlémont, held by her sons, may have been introduced into the Brixey family as her dowry.  Comte Olry & his wife had two children: 

i)          PIERRE de Brixey (-before 1141).  “...Odelrici de Brissei, Petri filii eius” subscribed a charter dated 11 Oct 1101 under which Pibo Bishop of Toul consecrated the church of Saint-Nicholas-du-Port[279].  He founded the abbey of Rangeval.  Seigneur de Bourlémont.  Henri Bishop of Toul confirmed donations made to La Crète, including “decimas de grangia dicta Haydoiz...pertinentes ad feodum de Brichenvilla...etiam...in territorio villæ Temprouh...et...in territorio villæ...Horcavallis et in territorio de Allenvilla” donated by “Petris militis de Brisseio et Symonis fratris sui dominis de Burleinmont”, by undated charter[280]m ---.  The name of Pierre's wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

(a)       FREDERIC de Brixey .  1187.  m ---.  The name of Frédéric's wife is not known.  Frédéric & his wife had four children: 

(1)       GAUTHIER .  1187.  He left descendants[281]

(2)       FREDERIC .  Deacon at Toul 1171/1186. 

(3)       JOFFROI .  Archdeacon at Toul 1194. 

(4)       PIERRE .  Provost at Saint-Gengoul, Toul.  1187/1210. 

(b)       PIERRE de Brixey (-Jerusalem 1192, bur Jerusalem)Canon at Toul 1152.  Archdeacon of Toul 1156.  Bishop of Toul 1165. 

ii)         SIMON de Brixey .  Seigneur de Bourlémont.  Henri Bishop of Toul confirmed donations made to La Crète, including “decimas de grangia dicta Haydoiz...pertinentes ad feodum de Brichenvilla...etiam...in territorio villæ Temprouh...et...in territorio villæ...Horcavallis et in territorio de Allenvilla” donated by “Petris militis de Brisseio et Symonis fratris sui dominis de Burleinmont”, by undated charter[282]m HERSENDE, daughter of ---.  Simon & his wife had three children: 

(a)       PIERRE [I] de Brixey (-1170 or after)"...Henrici Tullensis comitis, Petri de Brisseio et Simonis fratris eius..." witnessed the charter dated 15 Jun 1149 which records the judgment of Adalbero Archbishop of Trier relating to property “in Commerceio jure paterno” donated by “Riquinus...de Commerceio[283].  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Murault, including donations made by Josberti militis de Bourleimont et Assildis uxoris eius et concessione fratrum eiusdem Assildis Herberti et Radulphi et domini Petri de Brisseio, Simonis fratris eius sororisque eorum Hawidis...[284]Seigneur de Bourlémont.  Pope Alexander III confirmed the property of Murault by bull dated 1180, which in addition to repeating the donations referred to in the charter dated 1157 quoted above adds the donation of property “in territorio de Greux...” made by “Petri de Borlaimont et Idæ uxoris suæ et Symonis fratris eius et Hauwidis sororis eorum[285]m as her first husband, IDA de Froville, daughter of ODOUIN de Froville & his wife Aleruda de Neuviller.  Pope Alexander III confirmed the property of Murault by bull dated 1180, which in addition to repeating the donations referred to in the charter dated 1157 quoted above adds the donation of property “in territorio de Greux...” made by “Petri de Borlaimont et Idæ uxoris suæ et Symonis fratris eius et Hauwidis sororis eorum[286].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1163/1187.  She married secondly Simon de Paçay-Haussonville

(b)       SIMON (-[1190])"...Henrici Tullensis comitis, Petri de Brisseio et Simonis fratris eius..." witnessed the charter dated 15 Jun 1149 which records the judgment of Adalbero Archbishop of Trier relating to property “in Commerceio jure paterno” donated by “Riquinus...de Commerceio[287].  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Murault, including donations made by Josberti militis de Bourleimont et Assildis uxoris eius et concessione fratrum eiusdem Assildis Herberti et Radulphi et domini Petri de Brisseio, Simonis fratris eius sororisque eorum Hawidis...[288]Seigneur de Bourlémont.  Pierre Bishop of Toul confirmed donations made to Mureau/La Crète, including “grangiam de Aydoyz in sicco pago Ornensi, de trium villarum Tempro...et Brichenville et Allenville territoriis fundatam” donated by “dominus Arnulfus de Risnel et filii eius Wyardus, Hugo...dominus Hugo de Fisca et uxor eius et filii eius, Hugo et uxor eius Hayvydis, Milo, Symon, Otto, Albricus...nepotes prædicti Hugonis, Hugo, Abertus, Ulricus, Symon, Petrus et soror eorum Aelydis et maritus eius Theodericus de Ribovilla...Hugo de Ru...Symon dominus de Borlenmont et sororius eius Hugo de Berfroymont et uxor eius Hayvydis et filii eius Simon, Lebaldus”, by charter dated 1172[289]m as her first husband, AGNES de Broyes, daughter of HUGUES [III] Seigneur de Broyes et de Châteauvillain & his first wife Stephanie de Bar (-1221).  She married secondly (before 1200) Henri de Fouvent (-1226).  “Henricus dominus de Fouvenz et de Borleimont”, with the consent of “uxoris mee Agnetis”, confirmed that “dominus Theodericus de Sancto-Elyphio per uxorem suam Gertrudem et filium suum Petrum militem” mortgaged “perticatas...ad feodum de Braz” to Mureau by charter dated 1210[290].  “Henricus de Fouvenz...Agnes uxor dicti Henrici de Fouvenz” confirmed that “dominus Petrus de Borlenmont” donated property to the churches of Frebecourt and Bourlemont, with the consent of “Felicitatis uxoris sue et Symonis fratris sui...domino Symone de Joinvilla”, by charter dated 1211[291].  Simon & his wife had five children: 

(1)       PIERRE [II] (-[1225/27]).  Seigneur de Bourlémont.  Theodoricus de Sancto Elifio”, with the consent of “domini mei Petri...et domine Agnetis matre sue de Borleimont et domini Hanrici de Fouvenz mariti sui et Symonis fratris domini Petri supradicti...” donated “fundum prati mei apud Braz vocabulo Perchies” to Mureau by charter dated 1211[292].  “Henricus de Fouvenz...Agnes uxor dicti Henrici de Fouvenz” confirmed that “dominus Petrus de Borlenmont” donated property to the churches of Frebecourt and Bourlemont, with the consent of “Felicitatis uxoris sue et Symonis fratris sui...domino Symone de Joinvilla”, by charter dated 1211[293]m (1200) FELICITE de Joinville, daughter of GEOFFROY [IV] Sire de Joinville & his wife Helvide de Dampierre.  “Henricus de Fouvenz...Agnes uxor dicti Henrici de Fouvenz” confirmed that “dominus Petrus de Borlenmont” donated property to the churches of Frebecourt and Bourlemont, with the consent of “Felicitatis uxoris sue et Symonis fratris sui...domino Symone de Joinvilla”, by charter dated 1211[294].  1195/1240. 

-         SEIGNEURS de BOURLEMONT[295]

(2)       SIMON .  1209.  “Theodoricus de Sancto Elifio”, with the consent of “domini mei Petri...et domine Agnetis matre sue de Borleimont et domini Hanrici de Fouvenz mariti sui et Symonis fratris domini Petri supradicti...” donated “fundum prati mei apud Braz vocabulo Perchies” to Mureau by charter dated 1211[296].  “Henricus de Fouvenz...Agnes uxor dicti Henrici de Fouvenz” confirmed that “dominus Petrus de Borlenmont” donated property to the churches of Frebecourt and Bourlemont, with the consent of “Felicitatis uxoris sue et Symonis fratris sui...domino Symone de Joinvilla”, by charter dated 1211[297]

(3)       JEAN .  Archdeacon of Verdun.  Scholasticus of Toul Cathedral 1218.  Thesaurarius of Toul Cathedral. 

(4)       HERSENDE .  1180/1184. 

(5)       AGNES .  1223.  m (before 1220) ANCEL de Belrain, son of ---.  1206/1228. 

(c)       HAWIDE (-after 1172).  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Murault, including donations made by Josberti militis de Bourleimont et Assildis uxoris eius et concessione fratrum eiusdem Assildis Herberti et Radulphi et domini Petri de Brisseio, Simonis fratris eius sororisque eorum Hawidis...[298]Pierre Bishop of Toul confirmed donations made to Mureau/La Crète, including “grangiam de Aydoyz in sicco pago Ornensi, de trium villarum Tempro...et Brichenville et Allenville territoriis fundatam” donated by “...Symon dominus de Borlenmont et sororius eius Hugo de Berfroymont et uxor eius Hayvydis et filii eius Simon, Lebaldus”, by charter dated 1172[299]m (after 1157) HUGUES [II] Seigneur de Bauffremont, son of LIEBAUD [II] [Seigneur] de Bauffremont & his wife [Petronilla von Dachsburg] (-[Dec 1190/Jun 1202]). 

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de SORCY

 

 

1.         ARNOUL (-after 1052).  [“Comitibus hiis: Hecelone, Henrico, Gisilberto, Sibodone, Arnulfo” subscribed the charter dated 1029 under which Poppo Archbishop of Trier deplored damage caused to monasteries and donated “ecclesiam Longuion” to the abbey of Notre-Dame-des-Martyrs[300].  It is uncertain whether “Arnulfo” was Arnoul Comte de Sorcy.]  Comte de Sorcy.  "Richuini comitis Segintensis, Haimonis comitis, Arnulfi de Ignes, Odelrici de Novo-villare et fratris eius Herimanni, Arnulfi comitis de Sorceio, Everardi de Sorceio…Gosberti de Asperomonte…Wiselonis fratris Theoderici Virdunensis episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1052 under which Udon Bishop of Toul regulated the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville[301]

 

2.         EVERARD (-19 Mar, after 1071).  "Richuini comitis Segintensis, Haimonis comitis, Arnulfi de Ignes, Odelrici de Novo-villare et fratris eius Herimanni, Arnulfi comitis de Sorceio, Everardi de Sorceio…Gosberti de Asperomonte…Wiselonis fratris Theoderici Virdunensis episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1052 under which Udon Bishop of Toul regulated the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville[302]Comte de Sorcy.  "Fredericus…civitatis Leucorum comes" confirmed property at Viller-le-ses to the abbey of Saint-Eure by charter dated 1070, which names "comitibus meis antecessoribus Raimbaldo et Rainaldo majore eiusque filio Rainaldo minore meo socero", signed by "Haimonis comitis, Everardi comitis, Gilberti filii eius…"[303].  "Friderici hujus urbis comitis, Haimonis comitis et filii eius Odelrici, Everardi comitis et filiorum eius Gilberti et Henrici…" witnessed the charter dated 1071 under which Pibo Bishop of Toul donated property to the abbey of Saint-Eure[304].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Apr" of "Evrardus comes de Sorceio qui dedit nobis tres mansuras infra portam civitatis"[305]m ---.  The name of Everard´s wife is not known.  Everard & his wife had two children: 

a)         GILBERT (-after 1071).  "Fredericus…civitatis Leucorum comes" confirmed property at Viller-le-ses to the abbey of Saint-Eure by charter dated 1070, which names "comitibus meis antecessoribus Raimbaldo et Rainaldo majore eiusque filio Rainaldo minore meo socero", signed by "Haimonis comitis, Everardi comitis, Gilberti filii eius…"[306].  "Friderici hujus urbis comitis, Haimonis comitis et filii eius Odelrici, Everardi comitis et filiorum eius Gilberti et Henrici…" witnessed the charter dated 1071 under which Pibo Bishop of Toul donated property to the abbey of Saint-Eure[307]

b)         HENRI (-after 1071).  "Friderici hujus urbis comitis, Haimonis comitis et filii eius Odelrici, Everardi comitis et filiorum eius Gilberti et Henrici…" witnessed the charter dated 1071 under which Pibo Bishop of Toul donated property to the abbey of Saint-Eure[308]

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de COMMERCY

 

 

GAUCHER [I] de Commercy, son of SIMON [I] de Broyes Seigneur de Broyes et de Commercy & his wife Nicole Dame de Montrivel et de Châteauvillain du Jura (-1246).  An undated charter records the donation to Balerne abbey made by “senem Waucherium” and later confirmed by “Humberto et...a genere suo...usque ad dominam Nicolam cujus sponsus...Simon de Comarceio...eiusque heredes Hugo, Waucherius[309].  "Simon dominus de Commarci" donated property to Recluz, with the consent of "uxor mea Nichole et filii mei Hugo et Galcherus iam milites, Rainaldus, et Hugo clericus, et filia mea Agnes", by charter dated 1202[310]Seigneur de Commercy.  “Gaucherus dominus Commarceii” paid homage to “Theobaldo Campaniæ et Briæ comiti, Trecensi palatino” for “villa…Banna…ab Hugone domino Brecarum, dicti Gaucheri fratre” by charter dated Apr 1225[311].  “Galterius dominus de Commercy...filios meos Simonem et Guillelmum milites” swore homage to “dominum meum Joannem comitem Burgundiæ et dominum de Salins” for “Castrum-Villani in Jura et Montem-Revelli” by charter dated late Sep 1240[312].  “Guachiers sires de Commercey” paid homage to “Jeham conte de Bourgoigne et signour de Salins” for “Monrevel et…Nant” by charter dated 28 Sep 1241, signed by “mons. Symon et mons. Guillame mes filz et…ma cousine Clemence dame de Fonvenz[313]

m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after Dec 1248).  "A […Angnes] domina de Commerceio relicta G condam domini de Commerceio, Galcherus et Henricus filii eiusdem" swore homage to the bishop of Metz by charter dated Dec 1248[314]

Gaucher [I] & his wife had children: 

1.         SIMON [II] de Commercy (-[1247/48]).  “Galterius dominus de Commercy...filios meos Simonem et Guillelmum milites” swore homage to “dominum meum Joannem comitem Burgundiæ et dominum de Salins” for “Castrum-Villani in Jura et Montem-Revelli” by charter dated late Sep 1240[315]m as her first husband, MATHILDE von Saarbrücken, daughter of SIMON III Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Lorette de Lorraine (-30 Aug 1276, bur Besançon Saint-Etienne).  Jean Bishop of Metz confirmed the division of the county of Saarbrücken between "Joffroi mon neveu d´Aspremont et Lorate sa famme fille Simon conte de Salebruche" and "Mahaus et Jehane serors Lorate" by charter dated Apr 1235[316].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   She married secondly (before Dec 1248) Amedée Sire de Montfaucon, who succeeded in 1256 as Sire de Commercy and as Graf von Saarbrücken.  "Mechtildis domina Montis Falconis et vallis Colonie" donated property to "patruus noster…Nuhusensis præpositus" by charter dated 8 Jan 1260[317].  Her parentage and second marriage are indicated by a charter dated 8 Oct 1271 which relates that Saarbrücken was the fief of the bishop of Metz, recording that "bone memorie Jacobus quondam Metensis episcopus" (son of Ferry II Duke of Lorraine) had enfeoffed "Lorettam relictam…neptem propriam" and that, on the death of the latter, "germane dicte Lorete…primogenita domina Mahout domina Montisfalconis" inherited the castle[318].  Simon [II] & his wife had children: 

a)         SIMON [III] de Commercy (-[1307/09]).  Seigneur de Commercy 1248.  Graf von Saarbrücken 1259. 

-        GRAFEN von SAARBRÜCKEN

b)         LAURETTE de Commercy (-5 Oct 1276, bur Salins, l'église des Carmélites).  “Jehans cuens de Borgoigne et sire de Salins” confirmed homage by “Ameys de Monbeliard sires de Monfacon, nostre nies” to “la contesse Lore, nostre fome”, by charter dated Jan 1261[319].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 15 Dec 1266 under which “Jehans cuens de Bourgoigne et sires de Salins” granted “la signorie…de Cernans” to “la contesse Lore nostre fame…fille mons. Symon de Commercy[320].  The necrology of the Cordeliers de Salins records the death III Non Oct” 1285 of “domina Lora comitissa Cabilonensis apud nos sepulta[321]m (1258) as his third wife, JEAN de Chalon Sire des Salins, "l'Antique/le Sage", son of ETIENNE [III] Comte d´Auxonne & his first wife Béatrice Ctss de Chalon (1190-30 Aug 1267, bur Abbaye de Bourguignon-lès-la Charité, Haunte-Saône). 

2.         GUILLAUME de Commercy .  “Galterius dominus de Commercy...filios meos Simonem et Guillelmum milites” swore homage to “dominum meum Joannem comitem Burgundiæ et dominum de Salins” for “Castrum-Villani in Jura et Montem-Revelli” by charter dated late Sep 1240[322]

3.         GAUCHER [II] de Commercy (-before 26 Oct 1308).  “Messires Wachiers li juenes, chevaliers, fil mons. Gauchier de Commercey, signour de Monrivel et…dame Marguerite de Beleveuvre, feme doudit signour de Monrivel” paid homage to “noble baron mons. Jehan de Chalon signour d´Arlay” for “le chastel de Chatelvilain” by charter dated 10 Apr 1293[323].  Sire du Châteauvillain-du-Jura et de Montrivel. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    COMTES de CHINY, COMTES d'IVOIS et de WOEVRE

 

 

The county of Chiny appears to have developed in the early 11th century out of the ancient county of Ivois, which lay between the rivers Meuse and Semois eastwards beyond the towns of Longlier and Neufchâteau, and comprised the doyennés of Ivois and Juvigny[324].  The county now forms part of the province of Luxembourg in present-day Belgium.  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Wavrense comitatus II…" to King Charles[325], it being assumed that one of the two counties in "Wavrense" was Ivois whose name does not appear separately in the document.  The county of Ivois is referred to by name in a charter dated 21 Nov 955 which records an agreement between "Eremboldus miles" and the archbishop of Trier relating to property including "Aduna in comitatu Ivotio inter Boura et Lannilley"[326].  The county of Chiny included the present-day cantons of Virton, Etalle, Florenville, Neufchâteau, Montmédy and Carignan, as well as the castles of Warcq on the Meuse, which was built in 971 by Otto ancestor of the later comtes de Chiny, and Givet[327]

 

 

A.      COMTES de CHINY

 

 

The origin of Raoul [I] is not known.  However, the names of this family suggest a close connection with the ancestors of the Comtes de Looz (see the document LOWER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY).  It is even possible that Raoul [I] was the same person as Rudolf, son of Ricfried Graf in der Betuwe. 

1.         RAOUL [Rodolphe] [I] (-8 Feb 946 or before).  [Comte d'Ivois].  The county governed by Raoul cannot be identified with certainty.  However, Longlier (which is named in charters associated with Raoul's widow and one of his sons (see below) is located in the doyenné d'Ivois[328].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "VI Id Feb" of "Rodulfus comes"[329]m EVA, daughter of --- (-13 Aug after 946).  Otto I King of Germany granted "matrone…Leue et filio eius Cuonrath" property "in villa Lunglier…in comitatu Rodulfi comitis in Osninge" by charter dated 946[330], "Lunglier" being identified with "Lunglar" which is one of the properties donated by charter dated 26 Sep 982 in accordance with the last wishes of "Cunradus filius Ruodolfi quondam comitis" (see below).  "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property "res…meæ…in pago et in comitatu Virdunensi…Geldulfi villa" for the souls of "senioris mei Wigfridi episcopi et parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [960], subscribed by "Gotdefridi comitis et fratris eius Heinrici"[331].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "Id Aug" of "Eva comitissa Dea sacrata"[332].  Raoul [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         RAOUL [Rodolphe] [II] (-[960/65]).  "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property "res…meæ…in pago et in comitatu Virdunensi…Geldulfi villa" for the souls of "senioris mei Wigfridi episcopi et parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [960], subscribed by "Gotdefridi comitis et fratris eius Heinrici"[333].  It is assumed that he was installed as Comte de Verdun after the death of Otto Duke of Lower Lotharingia[334], although no primary source has been found which confirms the date.  However, the charter dated to [960] suggests that "Gotdefridi comitis" was count at that date and therefore that Raoul had been displaced.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the properties of the convent of St Vanne at Verdun, among which that donated by "…Geldulfi villam…dono Rodulfi filii Rodulfi comitis…", and donated "Mosomum" on the petition of "Herimanni comitis" by charter dated 1015[335]

b)         CONON [Konrad] (-killed in battle Cotrone 15 Jul 982).  "Otto…imperator augustus" made donations "in regno Lothariensi…Amella et Geldulfi villas in pago Uuebra in comitatu Reginhardi comitis…Morlinga et Lazehi in pago Mosalgovve et in comitatu Sigifrid comitis…Lunglar in pago Osning in comitatu Kozilonis comitis…Uelme in pago Haspongouue in comitatu Eremfridi comitis…Ernustesvuilere in pago Bliesichgoue in comitatu Volcmari comitis" to the Kloster St Gorgonius at Gorze in accordance with the last wishes of "Cunradus filius Ruodolfi quondam comitis" killed in battle with the Sarracens, by charter dated 26 Sep 982[336].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "II Id Jul" of "Cono comes qui dedit…locum quicquid habuit infra Lotharii regnum…Amellam, Geldolfivillam, Felmam, Morlingon, Herlisvillare, Longlar et Lacci"[337]

c)         HILDEGONDE (-12 Aug ----).  “Hildegundis comitissa” donated the church of Saint-Pierre d´Amal “in pago Waprensi et comitatu Virdunensi” to Gorze Abbey, for the soul of “filii mei Rodulfi”, by charter dated 959[338].  Hildegonde donated property "le prieuré d'Amel, dans le voisinage de Joudreville" to Saint-Arnoul de Metz in memory of her late son Rodolphe by charter dated 959 which names her husband Comte Odacer[339].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "II Id Aug" of "Ildegundis comitissa"[340]m firstly WALFRID, son of --- (-[952/55]).  m secondly ([952/59]) ODACRE, son of ---.  Walfrid & his wife had one child: 

i)          RAOUL [III] [Rodolphe] (-959 or before).  Rodolphe donated property "Martille dans le Saulnois" to Saint-Arnoul de Metz by charter dated 952 which names his father Walfrid, his grandfather the late count Rodolphe[341].  “Hildegundis comitissa” donated the church of Saint-Pierre d´Amal “in pago Waprensi et comitatu Virdunensi” to Gorze Abbey, for the soul of “filii mei Rodulfi”, by charter dated 959[342]

2.         [--- .  m ---.]  The exact relationship between the brothers Giselbert and Otto and the family of Raoul is not known.  However, in the charter dated to [960] "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property for the souls of "…parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne[343]

a)         GISELBERT (-[959/60]).  “Gisleberti comitis…item Gisleberti comitis, Erlebaldi, Ragimbaldi comitis…” subscribed a charter dated 959 under which “Fridericus…Francorum dux” recorded the settlement of a property “in pago et comitatu Scarponinse et Wabrensi, Virdunensi quoque” between Gorze Abbey and “vir illustrus…Aquinus…cum coniuge sua Adelindi[344].  "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property "res…meæ…in pago et in comitatu Virdunensi…Geldulfi villa" for the souls of "senioris mei Wigfridi episcopi et parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [960], subscribed by "Gotdefridi comitis et fratris eius Heinrici"[345]

b)         OTTO (-16 Apr after 978).  "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property "res…meæ…in pago et in comitatu Virdunensi…Geldulfi villa" for the souls of "senioris mei Wigfridi episcopi et parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [960], subscribed by "Gotdefridi comitis et fratris eius Heinrici"[346]Graf von Bidgau: "Udo cum coniuge mea Gisla" donated property "in pago Bedensi in comitatu Otthonis" to St Maximin at Trier by charter dated 978[347].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "XVI Kal Mai" of "Otto comes"[348]

 

 

1.         GISELBERT (-[killed in battle Cotrone] 14 Jul [982]).  The necrology of Gorze records the death "II Id Jul" of "Gislebertus comes qui dedit nobis Gismundi villam"[349].  “Gisleberti comitis…item Gisleberti comitis, Erlebaldi, Ragimbaldi comitis…” subscribed a charter dated 959 under which “Fridericus…Francorum dux” recorded the settlement of a property “in pago et comitatu Scarponinse et Wabrensi, Virdunensi quoque” between Gorze Abbey and “vir illustrus…Aquinus…cum coniuge sua Adelindi[350]

 

 

1.         ETIENNE (-after [956])Comte de PorcienEtienne and his wife Frédévide founded the priory of Thin le Moutier at Porcien[351].  Etienne built the castle of Mirwart (in Ivois), and donated property to the abbey of Chauvency (near Montmédy) after he became paralysed[352].  It is suggested that this means that he invaded the county of Ivois, displaced Comte Raoul [II] and installed himself as Comte d'Ivois.  The Miracula Sancti Huberti record that "comes Stephanus" donated part of Chauvency ("Calvenciaco") to Saint-Hubert, dated to [955][353]

 

 

OTTO, son of [ALBERT [I] Comte de Vermandois & his wife Gerberga [Hainaut]] ([950/55]-[986/87]).  "Ottonem, Alberti Vermandensium comitis filium" is named in the Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium[354].  A list of members of the Cathedral of Paris lists (in order) "Albertus comes, Girberga comitissa, Harbertus, Otto, Lewultus, Girbertus, Gondrada, Ricardus, Harbertus comes…", the first four individuals named apparently being Comte Albert, his wife and three sons, and the last named maybe his brother or nephew[355].  Otto is named with his parents in a charter of Comte Adalbert dated 2 Nov [958/59][356]There appears to be no direct proof that Otto, ancestor of the Comtes de Chiny, was the same person as Otto, son of Adalbert Comte de Vermandois.  The Historia Monasterii Mosomense records that "Ottonem comitem" built "castellum…Warcus" (Warcq, Ardennes, in the comitatus Castritius) in 971, and suggests his affiliation when, in a later passage, it clarifies that "superius dictus Ottho erat comes, Otthonum…Romanorum imperatorum…germanissima progenies"[357].  The editor of the MGH SS edition of the Historia identifies Otto with the son of Albert [I] Comte de Vermandois and Gerberge, daughter of Emperor Otto I's sister[358].  A subsequent passage of the Historia dates the foundation of the monastery to 24 Jul 971[359], implying that the events recorded earlier in the text predated this foundation.  If this is correct, 971 seems early for Otto de Vermandois to have constructed Warcq in light of his estimated birth date (which appears reasonably robust).  It is assumed that Otto conquered Ivois around the same time as building the castle of Warcq, and installed himself as Comte d'Ivois[360].  Gerbert, in a letter dated to Oct 986, records that "dux Cono pro suo Ottone insidias molitur"[361].  In the same letter, he also records that "Laudunensis episcopus" left "Dordingum" (Dourdon?) on the advice of "Ottonis et Heriberti" in support of "ducem" (which appears to refer to Hugues Capet).  Settipani suggests that "Otto" in this text refers to the holder of Warcq[362].  However, all other passages in Gerbert's letters which name "Ottonis et Heriberti" (in that order) appear to refer to Eudes I Comte de Blois and his first cousin Héribert [V] Comte de Troyes.  It is unclear from the full text of this letter whether the two references to "Ottone" and to "Ottonis" relate to the same person.  "Dux Cono" has not been identified, although it may refer to Konrad I Duke of Swabia.  If this is correct, it is possible that the first "Ottone" is a different person from the second "Ottonis" as there is no other passage which links the Blois count to the Swabian duke.  Settipani states that Otto died "between 986 and 987", without specifying the basis for this speculation[363]

m ---.  The name of Otto's wife is not known. 

Otto & his wife had one child: 

1.         LOUIS [I] (-murdered 29 Sep 1025).  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "comitem Chisneiensem Ludowvicum, filum Ottonis comitis et patrem alterius Ludovici domni pontificis nostri Alberonis avi, Bullonienses, milites patris eiusdem ducis [=dux et marchio Godefridus, Gozelonis ducis filius]"[364]Comte de Chiny.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that Rambert Bishop of Verdun appointed "comitem Chisneiensem Ludovicum, filium Ottonis comitis" as count of the town of Verdun, presumably after the resignation of Friedrich, but that Gozelon Duke of Lower Lotharingia (brother of Friedrich) invaded the town with Baudouin Count of Flanders and murdered Louis[365].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "IV Kal Oct" of "Ludovicus ex comite monachus pro cuius anima habemus V mansos apud Geronis villam"[366]m ADELAIS, daughter of --- (-after 1025).  "Domina Adelaydis comitissa uxor quondam Hludovici comitis" donated property to Verdun Saint-Vanne by undated charter, subscribed by "Gislebertus comes"[367].  The subscription by Giselbert Comte de Looz suggests that Adelais may have been his close relative, maybe his sister.  "Adelaydis comitissa uxor quondam…Ludouici comitis" donated property "per manum Gozelonis ducis atque Godefridi…et pro eius amore Dominique Frederici prefati ducis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [1038/40], subscribed by "dux Gozelo et eius filius Godefridus"[368].  Louis [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         LOUIS [II] (-[17 Jan] before 1066).  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "comitem Chisneiensem Ludowvicum, filum Ottonis comitis et patrem alterius Ludovici domni pontificis nostri Alberonis avi, Bullonienses, milites patris eiusdem ducis [=dux et marchio Godefridus, Gozelonis ducis filius]"[369]Comte de Chiny.  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XVI Kal Feb" of "Ludouicus comes"[370], which may refer to Louis [II].  m SOPHIE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Louis [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          ARNOUL (-16 Apr 1106).  “Arnulphus comes cum coniuge mea Adelais, filius Ludovici comitis” founded a monastery “in villa Pyrorum…in honore S. Sulpitii”, subject to “ecclesiæ S. Petri et S. Hugberti in Ardenna”, by undated charter signed by “Arnulphi comitis et Manasse fratris eius[371]Comte de Chiny

-         see below

ii)         MANASSES (-after 1068).  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Manasses frater Arnulfi" when recording that he became a monk at St Hubert[372].  “Arnulphus comes cum coniuge mea Adelais, filius Ludovici comitis” founded a monastery “in villa Pyrorum…in honore S. Sulpitii”, subject to “ecclesiæ S. Petri et S. Hugberti in Ardenna”, by undated charter signed by “Arnulphi comitis et Manasse fratris eius[373].  "Arnulfus comes cum coniuge mea Adelais filius Ludoguici comitis" donated revenue from the church of Prix to Ardenne Saint-Hubert by charter dated to 1066, signed by "Arnulfi comitis et Manasse fratris eius…"[374].  "Arnulfus comes cum coniuge mea Adelail, filius Ludoguici comitis" founded the priory of Priez by charter dated 1068, signed by "Arnulphi comitis et Manasse fratris eius…"[375]

b)         LIUTGARDIS .  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Liegarde amita Arnulfi comitis", her husband "Richizonis" and their four sons "Hugo et Ludovicus, Rodericus et Riquinus", recording that "Riquinus" was killed by "Heribrando Bulionensi" and buried at St Hubert[376]m RICHER de Sancy, son of --- (-before 1084). 

 

 

ARNOUL de Chiny, son of LOUIS [II] Comte de Chiny & his wife Sophie --- (-16 Apr 1106).  “Arnulphus comes cum coniuge mea Adelais, filius Ludovici comitis” founded a monastery “in villa Pyrorum…in honore S. Sulpitii”, subject to “ecclesiæ S. Petri et S. Hugberti in Ardenna”, by undated charter signed by “Arnulphi comitis et Manasse fratris eius[377]Comte de Chiny.  "Arnulfus comes cum coniuge mea Adelais filius Ludoguici comitis" donated revenue from the church of Prix to Ardenne Saint-Hubert by charter dated to 1066, signed by "Arnulfi comitis et Manasse fratris eius…"[378].  The Chronicle of Saint-Hubert records the donation by "Arnulpho comiti Chiniacensi" of "cella Pirensis" to Saint-Hubert in 1068[379].  "Dux et marchio Godefridus…uxoris mee Beatricis" confirmed the rights of the church of Verdun Saint-Vanne granted by "patre meo Gozelone", with the consent of "comitis Manasse", by charter dated [1065/66], subscribed by "comitis Manasse et filii eius Rainaldi, Hezelini comitis, comitis Arnulfi de Chisneio"[380].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines specifies that "Arnulfus comes Chisniaci" was also "comes de Givel et de Warc"[381].  "Arnulfus comes cum coniuge mea Adelail, filius Ludoguici comitis" founded the priory of Priez by charter dated 1068, signed by "Arnulphi comitis et Manasse fratris eius…"[382].  The Chronicle of Saint-Hubert records that, after the death of "Adeladis uxor Arnulfi, soror…Ebali Rocejensis", "Manasses…frater eiusdem Arnulfi" became a monk at the abbey but died within one month, adding that Comte Arnoul together with "quatuor fratres…Hugo et Ludovicus, Rodericus et Riquinus, filii Richezonis ex Liegarde amita Arnulfi comitis" (of whom "Riquinus" was killed by "Heribrando Bulloniensi" and was buried next to "prædictæ Adeladis") donated property[383].  "…comes Arnulfus de Kyney…" witnessed the charter dated 1091 under which Henri de Verdun Bishop of Liège approved the foundation of Flône[384].  "Arnulfus…comes" founded the priory of Sainte-Valpurge at Chiny, confirmed by "filiorum meorum Ottonis et Ludovici, nurus…meæ Adeleid", by charter dated 1097, later confirmed by "Ottonis comitis et Frederici præpositi Remensis et Alberti comitis filiorum eius et Adadis comitissæ et Guillelmi avocati"[385].  He founded Orval in 1097.  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti records that "Arnulfus comes Chisniacensis" became a monk "in hoc loco Kal Apr…XVI Kal Mai obit"[386]

m firstly ADELA de Ramerupt, daughter of HILDUIN [IV] de Montdidier et de Ramerupt Comte de Roucy & his wife Adelaide de Roucy (-[1068/69], bur Saint-Hubert, Ardennes).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Adele" as seventh daughter of Hilduin Comte de Roucy and names her husband "Arnulfo comiti de Chisneio"[387].  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis clarifies the question when it refers to, but does not name, "quintam…Hilduini comitis filiam" as wife of "Arnulfus comes de Cinni"[388].  “Arnulphus comes cum coniuge mea Adelais, filius Ludovici comitis” founded a monastery “in villa Pyrorum…in honore S. Sulpitii”, subject to “ecclesiæ S. Petri et S. Hugberti in Ardenna”, by undated charter signed by “Arnulphi comitis et Manasse fratris eius[389].  "Arnulfus comes cum coniuge mea Adelais filius Ludoguici comitis" donated revenue from the church of Prix to Ardenne Saint-Hubert by charter dated to 1066, signed by "Arnulfi comitis et Manasse fratris eius…"[390].  "Arnulfus comes cum coniuge mea Adelail, filius Ludoguici comitis" founded the priory of Priez by charter dated 1068, signed by "Arnulphi comitis et Manasse fratris eius…"[391].  The Chronicle of Saint-Hubert records the burial of "Adeladis uxor Arnulphi, soror…Ebali Roceiensis" at Saint-Hubert, dated to [1068/69] from the context[392]

m secondly ERMENGARDE, daughter of --- (-before 1081).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

m thirdly AGNES, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

Arnoul & his first wife had six children: 

1.         OTTO [II] (-1131 or after).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Ottonem comitem et sorores eius" as children of "Arnulfus comes de Cinni" and his wife Adela[393].  "Arnulfus…comes" founded the priory of Sainte-Valpurge at Chiny, confirmed by "filiorum meorum Ottonis et Ludovici, nurus…meæ Adeleid", by charter dated 1097, later confirmed by "Ottonis comitis et Frederici præpositi Remensis et Alberti comitis filiorum eius et Adadis comitissæ et Guillelmi avocati"[394]Comte de Chiny.  A charter dated 30 Sep 1124 notifies the consecration of the church of Orval, in the presence of “Otto comes de Cisney cum sua uxore Adelada et filiis suis...Frederico Remensis ecclesiæ præposito et Alberto post patrem comite”, noting that the count confirmed the actions of “pater suus Arnulphus...jussu Mathildis marchionissæ[395].  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "filius eius [=Arnulfus comes Chisniacensis] Otto" when recording that he died with "Henrico Coloniæ"[396]m (before 1097) ALIX de Namur, daughter of ALBERT III Comte de Namur & his wife Ida of Saxony.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Alaide sorore comitis Godefridi Namucensis" as wife of "comes Otto de Cisneio"[397].  "Arnulfus…comes" founded the priory of Sainte-Valpurge at Chiny, confirmed by "filiorum meorum Ottonis et Ludovici, nurus…meæ Adeleid", by charter dated 1097, later confirmed by "Ottonis comitis et Frederici præpositi Remensis et Alberti comitis filiorum eius et Adadis comitissæ et Guillelmi avocati"[398].  A charter dated 30 Sep 1124 notifies the consecration of the church of Orval, in the presence of “Otto comes de Cisney cum sua uxore Adelada et filiis suis...Frederico Remensis ecclesiæ præposito et Alberto post patrem comite[399].  Otto [II] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         IDA (-before 1125).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The estimated date of her marriage indicates that Ida must have been one of her parents’ older children.  m ([1105]) as his first wife, GODEFROI Comte de Louvain, son of HENRI II Comte de Louvain & his wife Adela [Adelheid] in der Betuwe (-25 Jan 1139, bur Afflighem).  Heinrich V King of Germany invested him as GODEFROI V "le Barbu" Duke of Lower Lotharingia in 1106. 

b)         ODA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The estimated date of her marriage indicates that Oda must have been one of her parents’ older children.  m (after 1114) as his second wife, GISELBERT Comte de Duras, son of OTTO van Looz Comte de Duras & his wife Oda de Duras (-before 1138). 

c)         HUGUES .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Hugo et comes Albertus et Fredericus Remensis ecclesie prepositus" as sons of "Ottonem comitem [de Cinni]"[400]

d)         ALBERT (-29 Sep 1162).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Hugo et comes Albertus et Fredericus Remensis ecclesie prepositus" as sons of "Ottonem comitem [de Cinni]"[401].  The estimated date of Albert’s marriage ([1140]) suggests that he was considerably younger than his sister Ida (whose marriage is dated to [1105]).  Is it possible that they were born from different mothers?  Comte de Chiny.   

-        see below

e)         FREDERIC (-after 30 Sep 1124).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Hugo et comes Albertus et Fredericus Remensis ecclesie prepositus" as sons of "Ottonem comitem [de Cinni]"[402].  "Arnulfus…comes" founded the priory of Sainte-Valpurge at Chiny, confirmed by "filiorum meorum Ottonis et Ludovici, nurus…meæ Adeleid", by charter dated 1097, later confirmed by "Ottonis comitis et Frederici præpositi Remensis et Alberti comitis filiorum eius et Adadis comitissæ et Guillelmi avocati"[403].  Provost at Reims: a charter dated 30 Sep 1124 notifies the consecration of the church of Orval, in the presence of “Otto comes de Cisney cum sua uxore Adelada et filiis suis...Frederico Remensis ecclesiæ præposito et Alberto post patrem comite[404]

f)          ADALBERO (-[26] Mar 1145).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "quoque episcopus Albero Leodiensis", stating that he recovered "Bullonium per beatum Lambertum", and his sister "comitissa Lovaniensis que comiti Lovanii peperit primum Godefridum comitem", specifying that they were "de prosapia Namucensi"[405], the latter expression being one used by Alberic to indicate maternal ancestry.  The passage follows that dealing with the family of Alix de Namur and her husband "comiti Ottoni de Chisneio", although the parentage of the Bishop of Liège and his sister is not specified precisely.  Bishop of Liège 1136.  The Continuatio Gemblacensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1136 of "domnus Alexander Leodicensium episcopus” and the succession of “domnus Adelbero ex clero Mettensi” as bishop[406].  “Albero...Leodiensis ecclesiæ episcopus” restored Stablo, referring to the unlawful claims made by “avunculum nostrum Namucensem comitem Godefridum” and by “germanus noster Eustachius Leodii advocatus” who occupied “villam Turnines”, by charter dated 1139[407].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the succession of “Alberonem...secundum primicerium Metensis ecclesie, iuvenem...de prosapia Namucensi...sororis sue filius esset dux Lovanii Godefridus filius predicti G. ducis[408].  The Continuatio Gemblacensis of Sigebert's Chronica records war in 1140 between "Alberonem episcopum Leodicensem” and “Heinricum comitem Namucensem” after the comte de Namur invaded “opidum...Fossis” and burnt the town and “monasterio beati Foillani[409].  The Continuatio Gemblacensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1145 of "Adelbero Leodicensis episcopus” and the succession of “Heinricus...ex clero sancti Lamberti, secundus huius nominis presul[410].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the death in 1155 [error for 1145] of Bishop Adalbero “Ortide” after holding office for 15 years and his burial “Ortine...VI Kal Apr[411]

g)         EUSTACHE (-after 1159).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1139 under which “Albero...Leodiensis ecclesiæ episcopus” restored Stablo, referring to the unlawful claims made by “avunculum nostrum Namucensem comitem Godefridum”, and by “germanus noster Eustachius Leodii advocatus” who occupied “villam Turnines” claiming that “Wigerus de Woronna cujus filiam uxorem duxerat” had been granted the property by “prædicto avunculo nostro Namucense comite[412].  Avoué de Liège Saint-Lambert.  "Lambertus comes, Eustachius advocatus..." subscribed the charter dated 25 Feb 1140 under which Alberon Bishop of Liège notified that "Manassem nobilem virum de Hirge" had sold "allodia sua...in pago Hasbania...Miele et Musin" to Brogne abbey[413].  Avoué d’Hesbaie.  The Triumphus Sancti Lamberti Martyris records that “Eustachius advocatus de Hasbania” led the knights of Liège[414]m --- de Waremme, daughter of WIGER de Waremme avoué de Liège Saint-Lambert & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1139 under which “Albero...Leodiensis ecclesiæ episcopus” restored Stablo, referring to the unlawful claims made by “avunculum nostrum Namucensem comitem Godefridum”, and by “germanus noster Eustachius Leodii advocatus” who occupied “villam Turnines” claiming that “Wigerus de Woronna cujus filiam uxorem duxerat” had been granted the property by “prædicto avunculo nostro Namucense comite[415].  Eustache & his wife had one child: 

i)          LOUIS de Lumain [Lummen] (-1207).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Advocate of Hesbaie.  Alexander Bishop of Liège notified donations to Alne, including the donation of “à Fontaines...l’avouerie” made by “Gérard de Thuin du consentement de sa femme Béatrix et de ses co-héritiers”, by charter dated 1165, witnessed by “...Lodovicus advocatus Hasbanie...Manisserus de Hirge, Arnulphus de Sirche, Guedericus de Walecurt...[416].  A charter dated 1177 records Louis Seigneur de Lumain as advocate of Hesbaie[417].  "Ludovici advocate Hasbanie" sold the advocacy of Flône, and other rights relating to churches in Liège, to "domino comiti Hainoensi…Balduino", by charter dated 1190, witnessed by "Wilhelmus frater comitis Hainoensis, Alardus de Cimai, Nicholaus de Barbentione…"[418].  “Ludovicus advocatus Hasbaniensis...” subscribed the charter dated [6 Apr/1 Jul] 1197 under which Albert Bishop of Liège restored property to Huy Notre-Dame taken by “Iohannes miles de Flauion[419]m --- de Rumigny, daughter of NICOLAS [III] Seigneur de Florennes et de Rumigny & his wife Eva de Chièvres.  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Iulianum…Raynaldo de Roseto maritatem de quo…Rogerum et Clementiam [uxor] Gerardo de Haslut et Yolandem [uxor] Henrici de Hirge et advocato Hasbaniensi et apud Winti in Flandria" as daughters of "Nicholaus qui et Ruminium et Florinas castra posedit" & his wife[420].  Roland says that “advocato Hasbaniensi” can only refer to “Louis seigneur de Lummen, qui figure en qualité d’avoué de Hesbaye dans bon nombre de chartes de 1163 à 1204[421].  Louis & his wife had one child: 

(a)       daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Continuatio of the Chronicon Lamberti Parvi which records the death in 1207 of "Lodovicus advocatus Hasbaniæ" and the succession of "Fredericus gener eius, filius ducis Ardennæ"[422], a charter dated 1177 recording Louis Seigneur de Lumain as advocate of Hesbaie[423].  Heiress of Lumain.  m FREDERIK van Limburg, son of HENDRIK III Duke of Limburg & his wife Sophie [von Saarbrücken] (-[Apr 1211/May 1212]). 

2.         LOUIS .  "Arnulfus…comes" founded the priory of Sainte-Valpurge at Chiny, confirmed by "filiorum meorum Ottonis et Ludovici, nurus…meæ Adeleid", by charter dated 1097, later confirmed by "Ottonis comitis et Frederici præpositi Remensis et Alberti comitis filiorum eius et Adadis comitissæ et Guillelmi avocati"[424].  1097/1124. 

3.         HAWIDE .  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Galteri et fratris eius Dodonis et uxoris eius Hawidis filiæ Arnulfi comitis", implying that "Galteri" was husband of Hawide[425].  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names the husband of "reliqua soror Ottonis" as "Dodoni de Cons"[426].  1088.  m DODON de Cons, son of ADELON de Cons & his wife ---.  Albert of Aix records that "Godefridus dux regni Lotharingiæ…fraterque eius uterinus Baldewinus, Warnerus de Greis cognatus ipsius Ducis, Baldewinus pariter de Burch, Reinhardus comes de Tul, Petrus…frater ipsius, Dodo de Cons, Henricus de Ascha ac frater illius Godefridus" left for Jerusalem in Aug 1096[427].  Albert of Aix names "…Dodo de Cuons, rufus capite…" among those who took part in the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[428]

4.         CLEMENCE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m HUGEL de Waha Châtelain de Mirwart, son of BOVO de Duras & his wife [Beatrix de Laroche]. 

5.         BEATRIX .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

6.         daughter .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names the children of "soror Ottonis" as "Arnulfum Treverensem archidiaconum et Cononem "[429].  This presumably refers to one of the daughters of Comte Arnoul named above but it is not known which.  m ---.  This couple had two children: 

a)         ARNOUL .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names the children of "soror Ottonis" as "Arnulfum Treverensem archidiaconum et Cononem "[430].  Archdeacon of Trier. 

b)         CONON .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names the children of "soror Ottonis" as "Arnulfum Treverensem archidiaconum et Cononem "[431]

Arnoul & his third wife had one child: 

7.         ADALBERO (-1156)Bishop of Verdun 1131.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that “dominum Alberonem ecclesiæ suæ archidiaconum filium Arnulfi comitis Chisneiensium” was elected as bishop of Verdun, dated to 1131[432].  Abdicated 1153/56.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Albero...episcopus” resigned his bishopric and retired to “claustrum sancti Pauli Virdunensis Premonstratensis ordinis” where he died in 1158 and was buried “in maiore ecclesia beate Marie[433]

 

 

ALBERT de Chiny, son of OTTO [II] Comte de Chiny & his wife Alix de Namur (-29 Sep 1162, bur Orval).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Hugo et comes Albertus et Fredericus Remensis ecclesie prepositus" as sons of "Ottonem comitem [de Cinni]"[434].  The estimated date of Albert’s marriage ([1140]) suggests that he was considerably younger than his sister Ida (whose marriage is dated to [1105]).  Is it possible that they were born from different mothers?  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comes Albertus" as son of "comes Otto de Cisneio" and his wife Alix[435].  "Arnulfus…comes" founded the priory of Sainte-Valpurge at Chiny, confirmed by "filiorum meorum Ottonis et Ludovici, nurus…meæ Adeleid", by charter dated 1097, later confirmed by "Ottonis comitis et Frederici præpositi Remensis et Alberti comitis filiorum eius et Adadis comitissæ et Guillelmi avocati"[436].  A charter dated 30 Sep 1124 notifies the consecration of the church of Orval, in the presence of “Otto comes de Cisney cum sua uxore Adelada et filiis suis...Frederico Remensis ecclesiæ præposito et Alberto post patrem comite[437]Comte de Chiny.  “Albertus Chisneiacensis comes cum uxore mea Agnete et filio Lodoyco” confirmed donations made to Sainte-Walburge by charter dated to after 18 Jun 1158[438].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "avus eius [Ludovici…comes de Cisneio] Albertus comes" was buried "in Aureavalle"[439].  The necrology of Orval records the death “III Kal Oct” of “Albertus comes de Chiney qui adduxit in conventum Cisterciensem” and his donation of property “in Sabulo[440]

m ([1140]) AGNES de Bar, daughter of RENAUD I Comte de Bar & his second wife Gisèle de Vaudémont (-after 1185).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Agenete sorore eiusdem comitis [=comes Barri iunior Raymaldus" specifying that she was mother of "episcopus Vidunensis Arnulfus de Cisneio"[441].  “Albertus Chisneiacensis comes cum uxore mea Agnete et filio Lodoyco” confirmed donations made to Sainte-Walburge by charter dated to after 18 Jun 1158[442].  “Agnes...comitissa de Chisnei...coram filiis meis Lodovico et Theodorico” attested that “dominus Cono senior de Hons” had donated “usuaria nemoris Bellonis Campaniæ“ to Orval, recalling that the donation had originally been made “per manum meam et mariti mei piæ memoriæ comitis Alberti” with the consent of “piæ memoriæ Symonis ducis Lotaringiæ” from whom Cono held half of the property, by charter dated 1172[443].  "Anetis comitissa de Chinei" donated part of the forest of Blanchampagne to the church of Moulins, for the soul of "domini Alberti comitis", by charter dated to [1185] which names "filios meos heredes, maxime Ludovicum et Teodericum"[444]

Albert & his wife had eight children: 

1.         LOUIS [III] (-Belgrade [5 Aug] 1189).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "comes Ludovicus, Theodericus de Marleriis, episcopus Arnulphus Virdunensis, domna de Hirges et Ida domna de Asperomonte et mater Rogerii de Walehem" as children of "Albertus comes senior Namucensis"[445], although "Namucensis" is an error for "Cisneiensis".  “Albertus Chisneiacensis comes cum uxore mea Agnete et filio Lodoyco” confirmed donations made to Sainte-Walburge by charter dated to after 18 Jun 1158[446]Comte de Chiny.  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei” confirmed the donation of “usuaria banni de Poillei” made by “dominus Amalricus de Radulfi-curte“ [Raucourt] to Orval, recalling that the donation had originally been made by “Radulfus pater Amalrici...per manus patris mei comitis Alberti piæ memoriæ”, by charter dated 1162, witnessed by “Amalricus archidiaconus patruus prædicti Amalrici...[447].  “Agnes...comitissa de Chisnei...coram filiis meis Lodovico et Theodorico” attested that “dominus Cono senior de Hons” had donated “usuaria nemoris Bellonis Campaniæ“ to Orval, recalling that the donation had originally been made “per manum meam et mariti mei piæ memoriæ comitis Alberti” with the consent of “piæ memoriæ Symonis ducis Lotaringiæ” from whom Cono held half of the property, by charter dated 1172[448].  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei necdum habens filium vel filiam...cum conjuge mea Sophia comitissa” confirmed donations to Orval, including those made by “avus meus Ottho”, with the consent of “matre mea et fratribus meis Hugone et Theodorico“, by charter dated 1173 (before 23 May)[449].  “Lodovicus...comes de Chisnei...cum uxore mea Sophia” confirmed an agreement made between Orval and “Dudo de Malendrei et uxor eius” by charter dated 1178[450].  "Anetis comitissa de Chinei" donated part of the forest of Blanchampagne to the church of Moulins, for the soul of "domini Alberti comitis", by charter dated to [1185] which names "filios meos heredes, maxime Ludovicum et Teodericum"[451].  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei...per manus uxoris meæ Sophiæ et filii mei Ludovici et matris meæ et fratris mei Theodorici” confirmed the donation of “nemore Bellonis Campaniæ” made to Orval by “homines mei Cono de Viler, Symon de Firmitate et Lambertus de Staules” by charter dated 1185[452].  [The necrology of Orval records the death “IV Id Aug” of “Ludovicus comes de Chiney, qui renovavit cartas nostras[453].  It is not known with certainty to which Louis Comte de Chiny this entry relates.]  m (before 23 May 1173) as her first husband, SOPHIE, daughter of --- (-13 Aug [1207 or after]).  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei necdum habens filium vel filiam...cum conjuge mea Sophia comitissa” confirmed donations to Orval, including those made by “avus meus Ottho”, with the consent of “matre mea et fratribus meis Hugone et Theodorico“, by charter dated 1173 (before 23 May)[454].  “Lodovicus...comes de Chisnei...cum uxore mea Sophia” confirmed an agreement made between Orval and “Dudo de Malendrei et uxor eius” by charter dated 1178[455].  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei...per manus uxoris meæ Sophiæ et filii mei Ludovici et matris meæ et fratris mei Theodorici” confirmed the donation of “nemore Bellonis Campaniæ” made to Orval by “homines mei Cono de Viler, Symon de Firmitate et Lambertus de Staules” by charter dated 1185[456].  She married secondly (before 1193) Anseau de Garlande.  “Ansellus de Gallanda” granted privileges to “burgensibus meis de Turnomio”, with the consent of “Sofie uxoris mee et Johannis fratris mei”, by charter dated 1193, witnessed by "…Sofia uxor mea, Johannes frater meus, Willelmus frater meus, Aubertus de Andesello, Ansellus de Insula…"[457].  “Sophia comitissa de Chisnei...per manum filiorum meorum Ludovici comitis junioris de Chisneio et Anselmi” donated “pratum apud Briuele super Mosa” [Brieule-sur-Meuse] to Orval, with the consent of “domini Anselmi de Gerlande mariti mei”, by charter dated 1197[458].  The name of her second son suggests that he was born from her second marriage.  “Sophia...comitissa de Chisneio...quoque filius eius comes de Chisneio” notified that “homines...de Morei” had donated a field to Orval by charter dated 1198[459].  “Sophia comitissa de Chisneio” noted an agreement between Orval abbey and “Balduinus Bocez de Yvodio” by charter dated 1201[460].  She married thirdly (1201) Gauthier Seigneur d'Yvoix.  “Galtherus dominus Yvodii et...eius uxor Sophia comitissa de Chisneio” donated “patronatum...ecclesiæ de Giversei” to Orval, for the souls of “domini Ludovici comitis de Chisnei et domini Anselmi de Garlande”, by charter dated 1201[461].  “Ludovicus junior...comes de Chineio...cum matre mea Sophia” donated harvest “in molendino...apud Verton” to Orval, in exchange for revenue from property “apud Savinsart” which had been donated by “mater mea Sophia comitissa” for the soul of “bonæ memoriæ patris mei Ludovici comitis”, by charter dated 1207[462].  The necrology of Orval records the death “Id Aug” of “Sophia comitissa de Chiney” and her donation of “molendinum de Brieule et...census a Saint Vinsart[463].  Louis [III] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         LOUIS [IV] (after 1173-7 Oct 1226, bur Orval).  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei...per manus uxoris meæ Sophiæ et filii mei Ludovici et matris meæ et fratris mei Theodorici” confirmed the donation of “nemore Bellonis Campaniæ” made to Orval by “homines mei Cono de Viler, Symon de Firmitate et Lambertus de Staules” by charter dated 1185[464].  His father’s charter dated 1173 (before 23 May) states that he was childless at that date.  Comte de Chiny.  “Sophia comitissa de Chisnei...per manum filiorum meorum Ludovici comitis junioris de Chisneio et Anselmi” donated “pratum apud Briuele super Mosa” to Orval, with the consent of “domini Anselmi de Gerlande mariti mei”, by charter dated 1197[465].  “Sophia...comitissa de Chisneio...quoque filius eius comes de Chisneio” notified that “homines...de Morei” had donated a field to Orval by charter dated 1198[466].  “Ludovicus Ludovici filius comes de Chisneio” approved an arbitral decision relating to a dispute between Orval and “Henricum dominum Firmitatis” by charter dated 1200[467][468].  “Ludovicus...comes de Chinei” donated “patronatum...ecclesiæ de Giversei, de Trembloit et de Chamoulhei” to Orval by charter dated 1200, under his seal and that of “domini Gaufridi de Asperomonte cognati mei[469].  Louis’s family relationship with Geoffroy [I] d’Aspremont was through his paternal aunt who had married Geoffroy’s father.  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisneio” noted that “nobilis vir Guido cognomento Senescalcus et uxor eius Helvidis de Radulficurte” had donated fishing rights “in aqua sua de Poillei” to Orval by charter dated 1205[470].  “Ludovicus comes de Chisneio” declared that “dominus Dudo miles de Malendrei infirmitate detentus et senio” had made donations to Orval, now ratified by “Ulricus miles gener eiusdem cum uxore Ysolde...Galteri...alterius fratris...”, by charter dated 1206[471].  “Ludovicus junior...comes de Chineio...cum matre mea Sophia” donated harvest “in molendino...apud Verton” to Orval, in exchange for revenue from property “apud Savinsart” which had been donated by “mater mea Sophia comitissa” for the soul of “bonæ memoriæ patris mei Ludovici comitis”, by charter dated 1207[472].  “Ludovicus comes de Chisnei” reached agreement with Orval concerning “prato ante Yvodium”, with the consent of “uxor mea Mathildis...cum filiabus meis Johenne et Agnes”, by charter dated Jul 1212[473].  "Ludovici comitis de Chisni, Egidii de Hierge, Arnulphi de Morelmes, Jacobi de Orcismont" signed the charter dated 1218 under which "Rogerus de Cimaco…castellaniam de Covinio" confirmed his rights and those of the bishop of Liège in Couvin[474].  “Ludovicus comes de Chiny” reached noted a settlement of a dispute with Orval involving “terris de Ysengiermont” by charter dated 17 Jan 1226[475].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1226 of "Ludovicus…comes de Cisneio" and his burial "in Aureavalle" with "avus eius Albertus comes"[476].  “Henricus comes Barri” attested that “consanguineus meus Ludovicus comes de Chisney in magna infirmitate...apud Chaors” donated property “in molendino de Thonele” to Orval by testament before he died, with the consent of “M. uxor sua comitissa et Johanna primogenita sua”, by charter dated Nov 1226[477].  The necrology of Orval records the death “V Id Oct” of “Lodovicus comes de Chiney” and his donation of “molendinum de Tonelle[478]m (after Feb 1205) as her second husband, MATHILDE d'Avesnes, widow of NICOLAS [IV] Seigneur de Rumigny, daughter of JACQUES Seigneur d'Avesnes & his wife Adeline de Guise ([1170]-5 Nov, 1237 or after).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Machtildem, Aelidem, Adeluyam et Agnetem" as the four daughters of "Nicolai Plukelli filius primogenitus Jacobus" and his wife, adding that "primogenita" married "comiti de Cisneio" and (incorrectly) as her second husband "domino Nicolao de Rumengni"[479].  “Ludovicus comes de Chisnei” reached agreement with Orval concerning “prato ante Yvodium”, with the consent of “uxor mea Mathildis...cum filiabus meis Johenne et Agnes”, by charter dated Jul 1212[480].  “Henricus comes Barri” attested that “consanguineus meus Ludovicus comes de Chisney in magna infirmitate...apud Chaors” donated property “in molendino de Thonele” to Orval by testament before he died, with the consent of “M. uxor sua comitissa et Johanna primogenita sua”, by charter dated Nov 1226[481].  “Mathildis domina de Rumegny” donated “duo diurnalia vinearum apud Ars” to Orval, with the consent of “abbas Aureævallis et soror mea de Rosoir”, by charter dated Jul 1237[482].  The necrology of Orval records the death “Non Nov” of “Matildis comitissa de Chiny uxor Ludovici junioris” and her donation of “molendinum de Tonelle et...prati ante Ivodium[483].  Louis [IV] & his wife had three children: 

i)          JEANNE (-17 Jan 1271).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Joanna" as oldest of the three daughters of "comiti de Cisneio" and his wife "Machtildem", adding that Jeanne married "comiti Lossensi Arnulfo" and naming their four sons and two daughters[484].  “Ludovicus comes de Chisnei” reached agreement with Orval concerning “prato ante Yvodium”, with the consent of “uxor mea Mathildis...cum filiabus meis Johenne et Agnes”, by charter dated Jul 1212[485].  “Henricus comes Barri” attested that “consanguineus meus Ludovicus comes de Chisney in magna infirmitate...apud Chaors” donated property “in molendino de Thonele” to Orval by testament before he died, with the consent of “M. uxor sua comitissa et Johanna primogenita sua”, by charter dated Nov 1226[486].  "Arnoux cuens de Los et de Chisni" acknowledged "Phelippe contesse de Bar…et Thiebaut son fil" as his suzerains in respect of "la terre de Chisni…que je tieng de par ma femme Jehanne la contesse" by charter dated Feb 1240[487].  "Arnous comte de Los et de Chiny et Jehanne comtesse des memes lieux" declared having given a dowry to "Nicholon chevalier seigneur de Kyening" for his marriage to "leur fille Julienne" by charter dated 1267[488].  The necrology of Orval records the death “XVI Kal Feb” of “Joanna comitissa de Chiny” and her donation of “molendinum de Herbeval[489]m (before 1230) ARNOUL [IV] Graf van Looz, son of GERARD [III] Graf von Rieneck [Looz] & his wife Kunigunde von Zimmern (-[24 Nov 1272/Feb 1273]). 

ii)         AGNES (-before 1235).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "secunda filia comitis de Chini et Machtildis filiæ Jacobi Avesnensis" was "domina de Agimont et de Givet" and married "domino Joanni de Retest, Hugonis in comitatu successori" by whom she had one daughter who died young[490].  “Ludovicus comes de Chisnei” reached agreement with Orval concerning “prato ante Yvodium”, with the consent of “uxor mea Mathildis...cum filiabus meis Johenne et Agnes”, by charter dated Jul 1212[491].  “Dominus Johannes de Chimereyo frater domini Hugonis comitis Registestensis” granted pasturage and other rights to Mont Dieu abbey, with the consent of “uxoris mee”, by charter dated Apr 1232[492].  Dame d'Agimont et de Givet.  m (before Apr 1232) as his first wife, JEAN de Rethel, son of HUGUES [II] Comte de Rethel & his wife Félicité de Broyes dame de Beaufort (-[2 Apr/15 Jul] 1251).  He succeeded his brother in 1243 as Comte de Rethel

iii)        --- .  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "tertia filia comitis de Chini et Machtildis filiæ Jacobi Avesnensis" married "Ostoni de Trasengnues" by whom she had sons and daughters[493].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m OSTE [VI] de Trazegnies, son of --- (-[12 Aug 1241/Apr 1242]). 

b)         [--- .  “Theodoricus dominus de Walcurt”, on his marriage “cum filiam comitis Ludovici” whose dowry was “terræ de Urgeou”, confirmed rights “super...silvæ...Forest”, disputed by “patre uxoris meæ”, to Orval by charter dated 1200[494].  The chronology suggests that “comes Ludovicus” was Louis [III] Comte de Chimay, although if that is correct it is somewhat surprising that this charter does not refer to him as deceased.  Her dowry was Houdeng, Gœgnies and Haine, as shown by the charter dated 1232 under which “Gilles seigneur de Barbançon” notified that [her son] “Amalric custos de Walecuria” had transferred to his father “l’alleu de Houdeng-Gœgnies-Haine qui lui revenait de sa mère[495]m ([1200]) as his first wife, THIERRY Seigneur de Walcourt, son of Wéry Seigneur de Walcourt & his wife Gerberge de Montaigu (-[Jul 1234/Jun 1237]).] 

2.         THIERRY (-after 1207).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "comes Ludovicus, Theodericus de Marleriis, episcopus Arnulphus Virdunensis, domna de Hirges et Ida domna de Asperomonte et mater Rogerii de Walehem" as children of "Albertus comes senior Namucensis"[496], although "Namucensis" is an error for "Cisneiensis".  “Agnes...comitissa de Chisnei...coram filiis meis Lodovico et Theodorico” attested that “dominus Cono senior de Hons” had donated “usuaria nemoris Bellonis Campaniæ“ to Orval, recalling that the donation had originally been made “per manum meam et mariti mei piæ memoriæ comitis Alberti” with the consent of “piæ memoriæ Symonis ducis Lotaringiæ” from whom Cono held half of the property, by charter dated 1172[497].  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei necdum habens filium vel filiam...cum conjuge mea Sophia comitissa” confirmed donations to Orval, including those made by “avus meus Ottho”, with the consent of “matre mea et fratribus meis Hugone et Theodorico“, by charter dated 1173 (before 23 May)[498].  "Anetis comitissa de Chinei" donated part of the forest of Blanchampagne to the church of Moulins, for the soul of "domini Alberti comitis", by charter dated to [1185] which names "filios meos heredes, maxime Ludovicum et Teodericum"[499].  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei...per manus uxoris meæ Sophiæ et filii mei Ludovici et matris meæ et fratris mei Theodorici” confirmed the donation of “nemore Bellonis Campaniæ” made to Orval by “homines mei Cono de Viler, Symon de Firmitate et Lambertus de Staules” by charter dated 1185[500].  Seigneur de Malières, d'Etalle et de Neufchâteau.  m ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-after 1199).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Thierry & his wife had children: 

a)         HUGUES (-1229).  Seigneur de Malières.  “Hugues Seigneur de Malières” acknowledged “estre homme lige de son cousin Henry comte de Bar” after the homage “de son neveu Louis comte de Chiny” and promised that, after the death of “M. Renaud de Douchery son beau-père”, he would retake land “en fief dudit comte” by charter dated Mar 1220[501]m --- de Douchery, daughter of RENAUD de Douchery & his wife ---.  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Mar 1220 under which [her husband] “Hugues Seigneur de Malières” acknowledged “estre homme lige de son cousin Henry comte de Bar” after the homage “de son neveu Louis comte de Chiny” and promised that, after the death of “M. Renaud de Douchery son beau-père”, he would retake land “en fief dudit comte[502]

-        SEIGNEURS de MALIERES et de NEUFCHÂTEAU, HERREN von FALKENSTEIN[503]

3.         ARNOUL (-killed Sainte-Ménehould 14 Aug 1181, bur Verdun Notre-Dame).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "comes Ludovicus, Theodericus de Marleriis, episcopus Arnulphus Virdunensis, domna de Hirges et Ida domna de Asperomonte et mater Rogerii de Walehem" as children of "Albertus comes senior Namucensis"[504], although "Namucensis" is an error for "Cisneiensis".  Thesaurarius of Verdun.  Bishop of Verdun 1172.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1171 of “Richardus electus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Arnoldus[505].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Arnulphus” succeeded Richard as bishop of Verdun, but was killed when “miles Albertus...cognomento Pichot dominus de Sancta Manehilde” invaded the bishopric of Verdun in 1181 and was buried “in maiore ecclesia beate Marie[506].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1181 of “Arnoldus episcopus Virdunensis” shot in the head by an arrow “ante castrum Sancta Manehulde[507]

4.         ALIX (-9 Aug, after 1177, bur Brogne Abbey).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "comes Ludovicus, Theodericus de Marleriis, episcopus Arnulphus Virdunensis, domna de Hirges et Ida domna de Asperomonte et mater Rogerii de Walehem" as children of "Albertus comes senior Namucensis"[508], although "Namucensis" is an error for "Cisneiensis".  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the installation as Bishop of Verdun of "Albertus de Hirgis nepos ex sorore episcopi Arnulfi et comitis de Cisneio Ludovici et Theoderici de Marleriis", recalling that he had a brother "Ludowicum qui longo tempore fuit abbas Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis"[509].  The necrology of Brogne records the death "V Id Aug" of "Alaidis domina de Hierge uxor domini Manassis"[510]m as his second wife, MANASSES de Hierges, son of HERIBRAND de Hierges & his wife Hodierne de Rethel (-[Brogne Abbey] 8 Jan 1176). 

5.         IDA .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "comes Ludovicus, Theodericus de Marleriis, episcopus Arnulphus Virdunensis, domna de Hirges et Ida domna de Asperomonte et mater Rogerii de Walehem" as children of "Albertus comes senior Namucensis"[511], although "Namucensis" is an error for "Cisneiensis".  m GOBERT [V] Seigneur d'Aspremont, son of GOBERT [IV] Seigneur d´Aspremont & his wife Adelaide de Dun (-on Crusade 26 Sep 1190). 

6.         daughter .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "comes Ludovicus, Theodericus de Marleriis, episcopus Arnulphus Virdunensis, domna de Hirges et Ida domna de Asperomonte et mater Rogerii de Walehem" as children of "Albertus comes senior Namucensis"[512], although "Namucensis" is an error for "Cisneiensis".  m ROGER de Valden, son of ---. 

7.         HUGUES .  “Ludovicus...comes de Chisnei necdum habens filium vel filiam...cum conjuge mea Sophia comitissa” confirmed donations to Orval, including those made by “avus meus Ottho”, with the consent of “matre mea et fratribus meis Hugone et Theodorico“, by charter dated 1173 (before 23 May)[513].  1220.  m --- de Donchéry, daughter of RENAUD de Donchéry & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

8.         daughter .  The Annales Mosomagenses record in 1187 that “Formarus Trevirorum archiepiscopus” ordained and consecrated “sororem comitis Ludovici de Chisne, abbatissam de Givine[514].  Abbess of [Givet]. 

 

 

 

B.      WAREMME (AVOUES de LIEGE SAINT-LAMBERT)

 

 

The repetition of the name Wiger suggests that the following three individuals were grandfather, father and son, although no primary source has yet been identified which confirms that this speculation is correct. 

 

1.         WIGER (-after 20 Jul 1054).  Avoué de Liège.  Heinrich III King of Germany confirmed an exchange of property between Worms and Liège Saint-Martin, acting through “advocatorum utriusque sue ecclesie, id est Hezelonis Wormatiensium et Wigeri Leodiensium”, by charter dated 20 Jul 1054[515]

 

2.         RENIER (-after 1116).  Avoué de Liège Saint-Lambert.  "Reinerus advocatus..." subscribed the charter dated 5 Feb 1078 under which "Ermengardis" donated property "in Wereme...in Berlenges et in Jalmin...apud Lon...in Rumines...in Curinge..." to Liège Saint-Lambert[516].  "Rainerus advocatus qui recepit ipsius allodii traditionem..." subscribed the charter dated 14 Jun 1096 under which Otbert Bishop of Liège bought "castellum de Couino" from "comite Balduino de Mont"[517].  “...Reinerus et Wilelmus aduocati...” subscribed the charter dated 1106, after 7 Aug, under which Otbert Bishop of Liège confirmed the donation made by “Willebertus et uxor eius Gifeldis” Huy Notre-Dame[518].  "Fredericus sancte Marie sanctique Lamberti...prepositus" and "Reinerum advocatum" settled disputes regarding "advocatia de Landenes et Nordrenges et Hallei" by charter dated 1116[519]

 

3.         WIGER de Waremme (-after 25 May 1129).  Avoué de Liège Saint-Lambert.  "Lamberti comitis, Gvidrici de Walecurte, Gvigeri advocati..." subscribed the charter dated 1127 under which Renaud Archbishop of Reims granted "quomodo de beneficio...ad castellum...Bullion" to the bishop of Liège[520].  “...Wiger aduocatus...” subscribed the charter dated 25 May 1129 under which Alexander Bishop of Liège notified an agreement between Huy Notre-Dame and the inhabitants of Ulbeek[521]m ---.  The name of Wiger’s wife is not known.  Wiger & his wife had one child: 

a)         --- de Waremme .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1139 under which “Albero...Leodiensis ecclesiæ episcopus” restored Stablo, referring to the unlawful claims made by “avunculum nostrum Namucensem comitem Godefridum”, and by “germanus noster Eustachius Leodii advocatus” who occupied “villam Turnines” claiming that “Wigerus de Woronna cujus filiam uxorem duxerat” had been granted the property by “prædicto avunculo nostro Namucense comite[522]m EUSTACHE de Chiny Avoué de Liège Saint-Lambert, son of OTTO [II] Comte de Chiny & his wife Alix de Namur (-after 1159). 

 

 

Any family connection between Guillaume and the other individuals named above has not been established. 

 

1.         GUILLAUME (-after 21 Sep 1130).  Avoué de Liège.  “...Reinerus et Wilelmus aduocati...” subscribed the charter dated 1106, after 7 Aug, under which Otbert Bishop of Liège confirmed the donation made by “Willebertus et uxor eius Gifeldis” Huy Notre-Dame[523].  “...Wilelmus aduocatus...” subscribed the charter dated 1130, after 21 Sep, under which Alexander Bishop of Liège granted rights to Neufmoustier abbey, near Huy[524]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    COMTES de GRANDPRE

 

 

The county of Grandpré emerged in the early 11th century in the western part of the county of Dormois ("Dulcomensis"), which lay to the west of the river Meuse north of Verdun and covered the cantons of Vienne le Château, Grandpré, Buzancy, Dun and Varennes.  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Dulmense…" to King Charles[525].  No references to counts of Dormois have emerged from the primary sources so far consulted. 

 

 

1.         THIERRY (-930).  Comte de Dormois.  [The Chronicon Maceriense records the death in 930 of "Theodoricus brevis Dulcomensis"[526].  It should be noted the authenticity of this document has been contested by both Wattenbach and Longnon in Germany and France respectively[527].  The information contained in this source should therefore be treated with extreme caution.]  m ---.  The name of Thierry´s wife is not known.  Thierry & his wife had one child: 

a)         [JULIA (-1004).  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 930 that "Marcus miles curia Rodulphi regis" married "Juliam…Theodorici unicam filiam"[528].  The Chronicon Maceriense records the death in 1004 of "Julia Marci uxore" and that "Hermanus Grandipratensis" invaded "castrum Julie"[529].  As noted above, this source should be treated with extreme caution.]  m ([930]) as his second wife, MARC, son of --- (-960).  Comte de Dormois

 

2.         MARC (-960).  [The Chronicon Maceriense records in 925 that "Manasses Porcensis, Marcus Dulcomensis et Guarinus Castriencis" defeated "cum Reginaldo Rociensi Normannos apud Calvum montem", and in a later passage recording that "Marcus pectens porcos dictus est" not because of his sluggishness but because he grunted[530]Comte de Dormois: the Chronicon Maceriense records in 930 that "Marcus miles curia Rodulphi regis" married "Juliam…Theodorici unicam filiam", explaining that he was childless "ex Felicitate"[531].  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 930 that "Marcus miles curia Rodulphi regis" married "Juliam…Theodorici unicam filiam", adding that "Rodulphus" granted him "comitatum Dulcomensem" when he married[532].  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 939 that "Lothariensis Oto dux" removed "Marcum Dulcomensem et Staduni gubernatorem" from office because he had attacked "cum Guarino Maceriensi…Hugonem Remensem" and forced "Arnoldum Flandrensem usque ad Arduennas"[533].  The Chronicon Maceriense records the death in 960 of "senex Marcus Dulcomensis sine progenie" [from the context meaning without male children, it appears, bearing in mind the similar report in a subsequent passage of the death of "Guarinus sine progenie" which specifies that he left a daughter] "in castro Julie"[534].  As noted above, this source should be treated with extreme caution.  m firstly ---.  The name of Marc´s first wife is not known.  m secondly ([930]) JULIA, daughter of THIERRY Comte de Dormois & his wife --- (-1004).  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 930 that "Marcus miles curia Rodulphi regis" married "Juliam…Theodorici unicam filiam"[535].  The Chronicon Maceriense records the death in 1004 of "Julia Marci uxore" and that "Hermanus Grandipratensis" invaded "castrum Julie"[536].  Marc & his first wife had one child:] 

a)         [GILLA .  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 929 that "Guarinus" married "Gillam Marci filiam", explaining that he was childless "ex Felicitate"[537].  As noted above, this source should be used with extreme caution.  m as his second wife, WARIN Comte de Castres, son of ERLEBOLD Comte de Castres & his second wife Isabelle --- (-960).] 

 

 

1.         HERMANN de Grandpré (-after 1004).  [The Chronicon Maceriense records the death in 1004 of "Julia Marci uxore" and that "Hermanus Grandipratensis" invaded "castrum Julie"[538].  The Chronicon Maceriense records in 1020 that "Hermanus Grandipratensis cum Manasse Registensi" had a dispute because "Manasses filius Manasses et Ordele" claimed the right to "castrum Julie et in Dulcomensem comitatum" as the son of "Ordela mater nata…ex Guarino et Gilla Marci Dulcomensis filia"[539].  As noted above, this source should be treated with extreme caution.] 

 

 

[Two] siblings: 

1.         HILDRAD [Hezelin], son of --- (-Galilee 11 Dec ----, bur Verdun Saint-Vanne).  Heimo Bishop of Verdun confirmed an exchange of property by charter dated 1020 which names "comes Hildradus"[540].  "Hildradus cognomento Hescelinus comes" donated property "Bolruuel" for "Hercendis uxoris mee, Richardi quoque filii mei quem ad clericatus" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated 1020, subscribed by "Albrici nepotis mei"[541].  “Comitibus hiis: Hecelone, Henrico, Gisilberto, Sibodone, Arnulfo” subscribed the charter dated 1029 under which Poppo Archbishop of Trier deplored damage caused to monasteries and donated “ecclesiam Longuion” to the abbey of Notre-Dame-des-Martyrs[542].  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed the foundation and possessions of the convent of Maria Magdalena at Verdun by charter dated 16 Jun 1040, on the petition of "Ricardi Virdunensis ecclesiæ presulis,…quodam suæ dioceseos clerico Ermenfrido, …tempore patris sui Heizelini comitis", which records donations by "Beroldi…quod imprimis eius pater comes Hezelinus…tradidit…[et] Guota per manus mariti sui Gotefridi ducis…aliud etiam de Ionvilla quæ dedit Adelaidis comitissa"[543].  The Chronicon Hugonis records that "Hildradus comes" offered "Richardum filium suum post episcopum" to the church and died in Galilee but was buried at Verdun[544].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "III Id Dec" of "Hildradus comes pater domni Richardi episcopi qui nobis tradidit…apud Bolrourum et ad Theonis"[545]m ([1012/15], separated [1020/23]) [as her first husband,] HERSENDE, daughter of ---.  "Hildradus cognomento Hescelinus comes" donated property "Bolruuel" for "Hercendis uxoris mee, Richardi quoque filii mei quem ad clericatus" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated 1020, subscribed by "Albrici nepotis mei"[546].  The precise parentage of Hersende is unknown.  However, her possible relationship to Gérard Bishop of Cambrai, who was the son of Arnaud Seigneur de Florennes, is indicated by the Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium which records that "Gerardus episcopus…nepte" was the wife of "Hezelino".  Gérard was elected bishop in 1010 but it is unlikely that he was born much earlier than 990, bearing in mind that his mother was the daughter of Godefroi Comte de Verdun whose marriage is dated to [963].  It is therefore probable that "nepte" in Gesta should be translated as a more remote family relationship than "niece": any children of Gerard's brothers and sisters could not have been born earlier than 1005, whereas Hildrad's son Richard (presumably born from his marriage with the bishop's niece) was assigned to be a cleric at Verdun Saint-Vanne in 1020.  It is possible that the bishop's relationship with Hersende was through his mother's family, the comtes de Verdun.  It is possible that Hersende married secondly ([1020/25]) Widrich Comte de Clermont, after her separation from Hildrad.  The line of argument regarding Hersende´s possible second marriage is complex and depends on the correctness of several assumptions.  Firstly, it is assumed, that Giselbert Comte de Clermont was the grandson of Widrich [I], as explained in the chapter relating to the comtes de Clermont in the document LOWER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY.  Secondly, it is assumed that Ermengarde, wife of Gozelon Comte de Montaigu, was the paternal aunt of Giselbert Comte de Clermont, as indicated by the latter´s charter for Cluny dated 1091[547].  Thirdly, in a charter dated 1064, "Ermentrudis de Harenzey" donated "allodium…Sumey" to Ardenne Saint-Hubert, for the soul of "mariti mei Gozolonis", with the consent of "filiis meis…Cunone comite Rodulfo Guidone Joanne Henrico et fratribus meis Hezelino comite et Rainaldo et Balduino", by charter dated 1064[548], her brothers being identified as three of the sons of Hildrad [Hezelin] Comte [de Grandpré].  Fourthly, Comte Hildrad´s wife is named in the charter dated 1020, under which "Hildradus cognomento Hescelinus comes" donated property for "Hercendis uxoris mee, Richardi quoque filii mei quem ad clericatus" to Verdun Saint-Vanne[549].  Fifthly, as noted above, the Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that "Gerardus episcopus…nepte" was the wife of "Hezelino", and that the couple separated after eight years of marriage[550].  Sixthly, it is assumed that this was the same wife of Comte Hildrad [Hezelin] who is named in the 1020 document (the chronology appears favourable) and that she was the mother not only of Hildrad´s son Richard (named in the 1020 document) but also of his three sons who are named in the 1064 document.  It is conceded that the argument is shaky and could fail if any one of these assumptions was incorrect.  Nevertheless, it is felt to be a sufficiently interesting possibility to include in the present document.  Hildrad & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         HERMAN (-after 1064).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte .  "Ermentrudis de Harenzey" donated "allodium…Sumey" to Ardenne Saint-Hubert, for the soul of "mariti mei Gozolonis", with the consent of "filiis meis…Cunone comite Rodulfo Guidone Joanne Henrico et fratribus meis Hezelino comite et Rainaldo et Balduino", by charter dated 1064[551]m JUDITH, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Herman & his wife had three children: 

i)          HENRI [Hezelin] (-1097 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Ermengarde Ctss de Montaigu donated property to the abbey of Saint-Hubert by charter dated 1064, which names her brothers Comte Hescelin, Renaud and Baudouin[552].  "Dux et marchio Godefridus…uxoris mee Beatricis" confirmed the rights of the church of Verdun Saint-Vanne granted by "patre meo Gozelone", with the consent of "comitis Manasse", by charter dated [1065/66], subscribed by "comitis Manasse et filii eius Rainaldi, Hezelini comitis, comitis Arnulfi de Chisneio"[553]m --- de Porcien, daughter of RENAUD & his wife Aelis ---.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Rogerum comitem Porcensem" as "Hescelinus comes de Grandiprato fratrem"[554], although this relationship cannot as yet be explained unless "fratrem" can be translated as brother-in-law in this document.  Henri & his wife had one child: 

(a)       HENRI [I] de Grandpré (-before 1151).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Grandpré et de Porcien.  Comte de Verdun 1120/1124. 

-         see below

ii)         RICHARD (-1114).  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records the installation of "Richardus Virdunensem archidiaconum" as Bishop of Verdun, specifying that he also governed the county of Grandpré after the deaths of "fratre Heinrico comite…et altero fratre Balduino"[555]Bishop of Verdun 1107.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1107 of “Richerus episcopus” and the succession of “Richardus[556]

iii)        BAUDOUIN (-killed in battle on Crusade [2 Jun] [late 1100]).  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "Balduino" as brother of Richard Bishop of Verdun, specifying that he left on Crusade but was killed by Turks[557].  Albert of Aix records that "…Baldewinus de Grantpreit miles…Dodo de Claro Monte, Walbertus castellarius Lauduni…" joined with the Lombard contingent on the second wave of the First Crusade, dated to late 1100 from the context[558].  Albert of Aix records that "Baldewinus de Grantpreit, Dodo de Claro Monte, Wibertus de Monte Lauduni" were killed, dated to late 1100 from the context[559].  [The necrology of Reims records the death “IV Non Jun” of “Balduinus de Grandiprato frater Hecelini comitis[560].] 

b)         RICHARD ([1015]-7 Nov 1046, bur Verdun).  "Hildradus cognomento Hescelinus comes" donated property "Bolruuel" for "Hercendis uxoris mee, Richardi quoque filii mei quem ad clericatus" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated 1020, subscribed by "Albrici nepotis mei"[561].  The reference to "filii mei" rather than "filii nostri" in this document suggests that Richard was not the child of Hildrad by his marriage to Hersendis.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records a donation by Richard Bishop of Verdun "pro anima patris sui comitis Hildradi qui cognomentus est Hecelinus"[562]Bishop of Verdun 1039.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1039 of “Raymbertus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Richardus[563].  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed the foundation and possessions of the convent of Maria Magdalena at Verdun by charter dated 16 Jun 1040, on the petition of "Ricardi Virdunensis ecclesiæ presulis,…quodam suæ dioceseos clerico Ermenfrido, …tempore patris sui Heizelini comitis", which records donations by "Beroldi…quod imprimis eius pater comes Hezelinus…tradidit…[et] Guota per manus mariti sui Gotefridi ducis…aliud etiam de Ionvilla quæ dedit Adelaidis comitissa"[564].  The Chronicon Hugonis records that "Hildradus comes" offered "Richardum filium suum post episcopum" to the church and died in Galilee[565].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "VII Id MXLVI" of "dominus Richardus episcopus Virdunensis"[566]

c)         RENAUD (-after 1064).  "Ermentrudis de Harenzey" donated "allodium…Sumey" to Ardenne Saint-Hubert, for the soul of "mariti mei Gozolonis", with the consent of "filiis meis…Cunone comite Rodulfo Guidone Joanne Henrico et fratribus meis Hezelino comite et Rainaldo et Balduino", by charter dated 1064[567]

d)         BAUDOUIN (-after 1064).  "Ermentrudis de Harenzey" donated "allodium…Sumey" to Ardenne Saint-Hubert, for the soul of "mariti mei Gozolonis", with the consent of "filiis meis…Cunone comite Rodulfo Guidone Joanne Henrico et fratribus meis Hezelino comite et Rainaldo et Balduino", by charter dated 1064[568]

e)         [BEROLD (-after 16 Jun 1040).  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed the foundation and possessions of the convent of Maria Magdalena at Verdun by charter dated 16 Jun 1040, on the petition of "Ricardi Virdunensis ecclesiæ presulis,…quodam suæ dioceseos clerico Ermenfrido, …tempore patris sui Heizelini comitis", which records donations by "Beroldi…quod imprimis eius pater comes Hezelinus…tradidit…[et] Guota per manus mariti sui Gotefridi ducis…aliud etiam de Ionvilla quæ dedit Adelaidis comitissa"[569].] 

2.         [---.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         [ALBERIC (-after 1020).  "Hildradus cognomento Hescelinus comes" donated property "Bolruuel" for "Hercendis uxoris mee, Richardi quoque filii mei quem ad clericatus" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated 1020, subscribed by "Albrici nepotis mei"[570].  The precise relationship between Hildrad and Alberic has not yet been identified.] 

 

 

HENRI [I], son of HENRI [Hezelin] Comte & his wife --- de Porcien (-before 1151).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Grandpré et de Porcien.  Comte de Verdun 1120/1124. 

m ERMENTRUDE de Joux, daughter of CONON "Falcon" de La Sarraz [Grandson] & his wife Adelaide de Roucy.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ebalum et…episcopum Laudunensem Bartholomeum et eorum sorores" as children of "Aeliz de Sarrata in Burgundia", specifying that one sister married "Henrico comiti de Grandi prato Hescelini filio"[571].  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis refers to "unam sororum domni Bartholomei" as wife of "Henricus de Grandi-prato"[572].  The Miraculis S. Mariæ Laudunensis names "Ermentrudis" as one of "aliis filiis et filiabus" of Foulques de Joux and his wife, adding that she married "Henricus comes de Grandiprato"[573]

Comte Henri [I] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         HENRI [II] de Grandpré (-[1188/90]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum" as son "Henrico comiti de Grandi prato" & his wife, specifying that he was buried "in Fusneio"[574]Comte de Grandpré.  "Henricus comes Grandiprati, Gaufridus frater eius, Willelmus de S. Maura" subscribed a charter dated 1179 under which "Henricus comes Palatinus Trecensis" donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[575]m LIUTGARD de Luxembourg, daughter of GUILLAUME I Comte de Luxembourg & his wife Luitgard von Beichlingen.  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names the wife of "Henricus Waflart comes Grandi-prati" as "comitissam de Luceleburch"[576].  The Chronicon Hanoniense refers to "Willelmi comitis de Lusceleborch…filiam…uxor comes de Grandi-Prato" when recording that her first cousin "Henricus comes Namurcensis" challenged her succession in Luxembourg after her father died[577].  Comte Henri [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRI [III] de Grandpré (-1211).  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Henricum…agnomine Wafflart" as son of "Willelmi comitis de Lusceleborch…filiam…uxor comes de Grandi-Prato"[578]Comte de Grandpré

-        see below

b)         ROBERT de Grandpré (-1217)Bishop of Verdun 1208.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1208 that “Robertus primicerius patruus comitis de Grandiprato” succeeded as bishop of Verdun “post multas altercaciones, sive iuste, sive iniuste” after “episcopus Albertus de Hirges” was killed[579].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Albertum thesaurarium” and “Robertum de Grandi-prato” were chosen as bishop of Verdun by different factions, and that Albert was favoured “in curia imperatoris” but was killed, leaving the succession to “Robertus primicerius[580].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record that “Albertus episcopus” was killed (“lancea interemptus”) in 1208 and succeeded by “Robertus primicerius[581].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1217 of “Robertus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Iohannes de Aspero-monte, qui fundavit monasterium sancti Nicolai in Prato[582]

2.         GEOFFROY de Grandpré (-before 1184).  "Henricus comes Grandiprati, Gaufridus frater eius, Willelmus de S. Maura" subscribed a charter dated 1179 under which "Henricus comes Palatinus Trecensis" donated property to the church of St Marie, Josaphat[583].  Seigneur de Balham et de Château-Porcien.  m ALIX de Bazoches, daughter of GERVAIS de Bazoches & his wife Hawise de Rumigny.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1156/89. 

-        SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-PORCIEN et de BALHAM[584]

3.         ROBERT de Grandpré .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Archdeacon at Chalon 1150/89. 

4.         RENAUD de Grandpré .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur de Sommepy.  1178. 

5.         [ALIX de Grandpré .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Henricum et Adelidem" as children of "Henricus de Grandi-prato" & his wife, specifying that Alix married firstly "Godefrido de Durbuil, frater comitis de Namuco et comitis de Rupe" and secondly "Godefrido de Aissa"[585].   This suggested parentage of the wife of “Godefrido de Durbuil” is far from satisfactory.  As can be seen above, the careers of Alix´s supposed brothers extended towards the end of the 12th century, whereas Alix herself could not have been born much later than the early 1200s considering that she is recorded with three children by her first husband who must have died before 1124.  Another possibility is that Alix was the sister, not daughter, of Comte Henri [II].  "Veneranda Adelidis, germana dicti Henrici, nupsit comiti Godefrido de Durbuil, frater comitis de Namuco et comitis de Rupe.  De quo peperit Richardum Laudunensem atque Virdunensem archidiaconum, fratrem quoque eius Henricum et sororem eius Adelidem sanctimonialem.  Defuncto autem Godefrido de Durbuil, predicta Adelidis nupta Godefrido de Aissa peperit Robertum Fusniacensem abbatem et Henricum, Fredericum atque Bartholomeum necnon Ermengardem.  Alteram Bartholomei episcopi sororem duxit Erchenbaldus vicecomes de Mascuns, de qua genuit Hugonem thesaurarium Remensis ecclesie et Stephanum monachum, Ertaldum, Erchembaldum et sorores eorum.  Ertaldus genuti equivocum sibi Ertaldum.  Quedam soror Ertaldi Amedeo de Alta-ripa peperit Amedeum Lausanensem episcopum.  Terciam sororem domni Bartholomei duxit Trombertus de Alta-villa, de qua genuit Wibertum et fratrem eius.  Quartam duxit Paganus de Sancci, que filias habuit.  Quintam duxit Berlo de Mureno"[586]m firstly [GODEFROI/HENRI] Comte de Durbuy, son of HENRI [I] de Namur Comte de Durbuy & his wife --- (-before 1124).  m secondly ([before 1124]) GOTTFRIED [II] von Esch an der Sauer, son of ---.] 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

HENRI [III] de Grandpré, son of HENRI [II] Comte de Grandpré & his wife Liutgard de Luxembourg (-1211).  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Henricum…agnomine Wafflart" as son of "Willelmi comitis de Lusceleborch…filiam…uxor comes de Grandi-Prato"[587]Comte de Grandpré

m firstly as her second husband, ISABEAU de Coucy, widow of RAOUL Comte de Roucy, daughter of RAOUL [I] Seigneur de Coucy & his first wife Agnes de Hainaut.  The Chronicon Hanoniense names (in order) "Iolandem…Agnetis…tercia…Ada" as the three daughters of "Radulphus de Cocy" & his wife, specifying that Agnes married firstly "Radulpho comiti de Roci", by whom she was childless, and secondly "comiti de Grandiprato"[588].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the two daughters of "Rodulfo de Marla" & his wife Agnes as "mater…comitis de Grandiprato, altera Hyolenz [uxor] comiti de Brana Roberto"[589].  The Chronicon Hanoniense of Baudouin d’Avesnes records that "la seconde fille monseignour Raoul de Couci" married "monseigneur Raoul conte de Rousci" who died childless, and secondly "le conte Henri de Grantpre"[590]

m secondly as her first husband, ADA d'Avesnes, daughter of JACQUES Seigneur d'Avesnes & his wife Adeline de Guise (-after 1249).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Machtildem, Aelidem, Adeluyam et Agnetem" as the four daughters of "Nicolai Plukelli filius primogenitus Jacobus" and his wife, adding that she married "comiti de Grandi-prato"[591].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Hans.  She married secondly (before 1223) Raoul de Nesle Comte de Soissons.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not been identified.  The Chronicon Hanoniense of Baudouin d’Avesnes takes a different view of the parentage of the wife of Raoul Comte de Soissons, recording that "la seconde fille monseignour Raoul de Couci" married "monseigneur Raoul conte de Rousci" who died childless, and secondly "le conte Henri de Grantpre" by whom she had the son named below and a daughter who married “au conte Raoul de Soissons[592]

Comte Henri [III] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         HENRI [IV] (-1229).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Henricum" as only son of "comiti de Grandi-prato" by his first wife, adding that he succeeded his father[593]Comte de Grandprém as her first husband, MARIE de Garlande, daughter of GUILLAUME [V] de Garlande Seigneur de Livry & his wife Adela de Châtillon-sur-Marne (-after 1259).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1217 under which “Johannes comes Bellimontis” agreed the succession of “domino Guillelmo de Gallandia” with “Henricus comes Grandiprati…et Guidonem buticularium”, which states that he had married the deceased´s oldest daughter and the other two his second and third daughters respectively[594].  She married secondly ([Aug 1230], divorced 1232) Geoffroy de Joinville Seigneur de Monclair, and thirdly ([1232/35]) Anseric Seigneur de Montréal.  “Ansericus dominus Montisregalis” confirmed the charter, made by “bone memorie Anserici quondam domini Montisregalis avi mei” in favour of Reigny with the consent of “Sibylla uxor mea”, with the consent of “uxor mea Maria dicta comitissa Grandisprati domina Montisregalis” by charter dated Apr 1236[595].  Comte Henri [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         HENRI [V] (-1287 after 7 Apr)Comte de Grandpré"Henricus comes Grandi prati" confirmed donations to Notre-Dame d'Ourscamp made by “filii nostri Henrici militis domini de Livriaco et Lore de Monteforti dicti filii nostri uxoris”, with the consent of “magister Petrus de Meullento canonicus Cathalaunensis consanguineus meus et Radulfus de Passiaco avunculus meus”, by charter dated May 1267[596]m (before May 1237) ISABELLE de Brienne, daughter of ERARD de Brienne Seigneur de Rameru & his second wife Philippa of Jerusalem [Champagne] (-[21 Aug 1274/Feb 1277]).  A manuscript history of the abbey of la Piété de Rameru records that Erard de Brienne married three of his daughters, of whom "la seconde...Madame Ysabeaus fu comtesse de Grant-pré en Lorraine"[597].  Comte Henri [V] & his wife had four children: 

i)          HENRI (-before 1287).  "Henricus comes Grandi prati" confirmed donations to Notre-Dame d'Ourscamp made by “filii nostri Henrici militis domini de Livriaco et Lore de Monteforti dicti filii nostri uxoris”, with the consent of “magister Petrus de Meullento canonicus Cathalaunensis consanguineus meus et Radulfus de Passiaco avunculus meus”, by charter dated May 1267[598].  Seigneur de Livry.  m firstly (before Dec 1267) as her second husband, LAURE de Montfort Dame d'Epernon, widow of FERDINAND de Castille Comte d'Aumâle, daughter of AMAURY de Montfort ex-Duc de Narbonne & his wife Beatrix de Viennois [Bourgogne-Capet] (-before Aug 1270, bur Abbaye Saint-Antoine-lès-Paris).  "Ferrandus…regis Hyspanie filius, heres Pontivil et dominus Sparnonis ac miles et domina Laura de Monteforti eiusdem Sparnonis domina eius uxor" issued letters to the priory of Saint-Thomas d´Epernon by charter dated Feb 1261[599].  "Henricus de Grandiprato miles dominus de Lyvriaco et Laura de Monteforti eius uxor domina de Sparnone" donated property to the priory of Saint-Thomas d´Epernon by charter dated Dec 1267[600].  "Henricus comes Grandi prati" confirmed donations to Notre-Dame d'Ourscamp made by “filii nostri Henrici militis domini de Livriaco et Lore de Monteforti dicti filii nostri uxoris”, with the consent of “magister Petrus de Meullento canonicus Cathalaunensis consanguineus meus et Radulfus de Passiaco avunculus meus”, by charter dated May 1267[601]m secondly (before Dec 1273) ISABELLE de Luxembourg, daughter of GERARD de Limbourg Seigneur de Durbuy & his wife Mechtild von Kleve.  Heiress of Roussy.  1304.  Henri & his second wife had one child: 

(a)       GERARD de Grandpré (-[1352/21 Nov 1356]).  Seigneur de Houffalize 1296.  Seigneur de Roussy 1304.  m firstly (5 Apr 1297) BEATRIX de Luxembourg, daughter of HENRI bâtard de Luxembourg & his wife Isabelle de Houfalilze (-before 1321).  m secondly (before 23 Nov 1321) ISABELLE van Oudenaarde, widow of GUILLAUME de Mortagne Seigneur de Rumes, daughter of ARNOUD [V] Heer van Oudenaarde & his first wife Isabelle de Sebourg [Hainaut]. 

-         SEIGNEURS de HOUFFALIZE[602]

ii)         JEAN [I] (-[1314]).  Seigneur de Buzancy.  He succeeded his father in 1287 as Comte de Grandpré

-         see below

iii)        ISABELLE (-before 4 Apr 1292).  “Dominus Nicholaus dominus de Cherbogne comes Regitestensis et domina Ysabella comitissa Regitestensis eius uxor” sold revenue “de Maceriis” to “Johanni dicto La Pance civi Remensi” by charter dated Feb 1280[603]m firstly (before 8 Oct 1275) [as his third wife,] HUGUES [IV] Comte de Rethel, son of MANASSES [IV] Comte de Rethel & his wife Isabelle --- (-[8 Oct 1275/1277]).  m secondly (before 1277) NICOLAS de Charbogne, son of ---.  He adopted the title Comte de Rethel

iv)       MARGUERITEm --- de Bolandre, son of ---. 

b)         JACQUES .  1241. 

c)         ALIX (-before 1261).  "Simon seigneur de Joinville, sénéchal de Champagne" declared that Thibaut IV Comte de Champagne had letters relating to the proposed marriage between "Jean, fils de Simon et de Béatrix, fille d'Etienne comte d'Auxonne" and "Alix, fille de Marie comtesse de Grandpré", by charter dated 11 Aug 1230[604]m (contract 11 Aug 1230) as his first wife, JEAN de Joinville, son of SIMON Seigneur de Joinville & his second wife Beatrix d'Auxonne [Bourgogne-Comté] (-1317).  Seigneur de Joinville.  Seneschal de Champagne. 

Comte Henri [III] & his second wife had four children: 

2.         JACQUES (-before 8 Aug 1249).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "comiti de Grandi-prato…primogenitus filiorum Jacobus" (by his second wife) succeeded his father "in terra de Hans in Campania"[605].  Seigneur de Hans.  m as her second husband, HELVIDE de Barbançon, widow of EGIDIUS [II] Berthout Heer van Berlaer, daughter of GILLES de Barbancon & his wife --- (-after 1282).  "Ægidius Bertholdus" founded the abbey of St Bernard near Antwerp, with the consent of "Walteri Bertholdi domini et consanguinei nostri", by charter dated end-Jan 1235 witnessed by "…uxor nostra Heluigis"[606].  Her parentage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[607], but the primary source on which this affiliation is based has not been identified.  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "comiti de Grandi-prato…primogenitus filiorum Jacobus" (by his second wife) married "filia domini Nicolai de Barbenchon" by whom he fathered two sons "Henricum et Jacobum"[608].  From a chronological point of view it is unlikely that this source is accurate: it is more likely that Jacques´s wife was the daughter of Gilles de Barbançon.  The primary source which confirms that Jacques´s wife was the widow of Egidius Berthout has not yet been identified.  She married thirdly (before May 1250) Gérard [III] d'Ecry.  The primary source which confirms her third marriage has not yet been identified. 

-        SEIGNEUR de HANS[609]

3.         GEOFFROY de Grandpré (-1247 or after).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "comiti de Grandi-prato" had two sons and two daughters (who were childless) by his second wife, adding that the second son "Joffridus…clericus" was made "episcopus Cathalaunensis"[610].  Provost at Montfaucon.  Bishop of Châlons 1237.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1239 that “183 Bulgri” were burned “ebdomada ante pentecostem...apud Mont Wimer qui ab antiquo Mons Wedomari dicitur” in the presence of “Remensis archiepiscopus Henricus...electus Cathalaunensis Gaufridus patruus comitis de Grandiprato...[611]

4.         daughter .  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "comiti de Grandi-prato" had two sons and two daughters (who were childless) by his second wife[612].  Nun. 

5.         daughter .  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "comiti de Grandi-prato" had two sons and two daughters (who were childless) by his second wife[613]

 

 

JEAN [I] de Grandpré, son of HENRI [V] Comte de Grandpré & his wife Isabeau de Brienne (-[1314]).  Seigneur de Buzancy.  He succeeded his father in 1287 as Comte de Grandpré

m (before Oct 1301) JEANNE, daughter of ---.  1323. 

Jean & his wife had children: 

1.         JEAN [II] de Grandpré (-after 1373)Comte de Grandpré.  m (before 1354) as her second husband, CATHERINE de Châtillon, widow of JEAN de Picquigny Seigneur d´Ailly, daughter of HUGUES de Chatillon-sur-Marne Seigneur de Leuze & his wife Jeanne dame de Dargies et de Catheux (-after 1383).  Jean [II] & his wife had children: 

a)         EDOUARD [I] de Grandpré (-before 1396)m firstly (before 16 Jan 1381) ISABELLE, daughter of ---.  m secondly ISABELLE de Flandre, daughter of ---.  She married secondly Henri de Ville Seigneur d´Aumenancourt

-        COMTES de GRANDPRE[614]

2.         ISABELLE de Grandprém GUILLAUME de Thil Seigneur de Marigny, son of ---.  

3.         HENRI de Grandpré (-[8 Sep 1382727 Apr 1383]).  Seigneur de Buzancy. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    COMTES de LONGWY

 

 

The county of Longwy developed in the southern part of the county of Methingau (Matensis), which lay to the east of the county of Ivois and south of the county of Arlon, bound on the east by the river Moselle.  It corresponded to the doyennés of Mersch and Luxembourg.  Lietard, a relative of Wicfrid Bishop of Verdun, is the first recorded count of Longwy in the last quarter of the 10th century and first quarter of the 11th century.  Longwy was inherited by the family of the Comtes de Luxembourg, although there is considerable confusion about the precise path of inheritance as discussed further below.  In 1136, it passed to Ermensende de Luxembourg, daughter of Conrad Comte [de Luxembourg], who transmitted the county to the family of the comtes de Namur. 

 

 

1.         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         WICFRID (-31 Aug or 1 Sep 983 or 984 or 986)Bishop of Verdun 980.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 958 of “Berengarius episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Wicfridus qui fundavit ecclesiam sancti Pauli Virdun[615].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that "Wicfridus episcopus" was "de Bawariorum partibus vir Teutonicus"[616].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "Pridie Kal Aug" of "Winfridus episcopus qui dedit fratribus Beslanc"[617].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "II Kal Sep" of "Wicfridus episcopus Virdunensis"[618].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 986 of “Wicfridus” and the succession of “Adelbero[619]

2.         [--- .]  m WERNER [Graf von Rothenburg], son of ---.  ["Varneri comitis, Richardi comitis…" witnessed the charter dated 986 under which Gérard Bishop of Toul donated the church of Andelier to the abbey of Saint-Mansuy[620].  It is uncertain whether "Varneri comitis" refers to the father of Godila.]  One child: 

a)         GODILA (-1015).  Thietmar names a "nobly born woman from the West…Godila" as wife of Lothar, naming her father Werner and specifying that her cousin was Wicfrid Bishop of Verdun[621].  Thietmar records that Godila remained unmarried for four years after her husband died then married secondly "her relative Hermann"[622].  Godila's second husband has been identified as Hermann [II] Graf von Werl[623].  If this is correct she must have been his second wife as Thietmar records that "she was denied any hope of future offspring" as she was excommunicated for the marriage, her husband being "her relative"[624]m firstly LOTHAR [III] Graf von Walbeck, Markgraf der Nordmark, son of LOTHAR [II] Graf von Walbeck & his wife Mathilde von Arneburg (-25 Jan 1003, bur Köln Cathedral).  m secondly (1007) as his second wife, HERMANN [II] Graf von Werle, son of HERMANN [I] Graf von Werle & his wife Gerberga of Burgundy (-after 14 Sep [1029]). 

 

 

Two brothers, related to Wicfrid Bishop of Verdun and (according to the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, quoted below) to Konrad II King of Germany, although the precise family relationships are not known. 

1.         LIETARD (-19 May [1015/20], bur Verdun St Vanne).  The Vita Richardi abbatis S Vidoni Virdunensis names "comes Lietardus, Ottonis imperator consanguineus", records his bringing "habitu religionis…beato Vitono" to "villam sui iuris Bailodium dictam", his work "perquirendo iusticiam in curia Heinrici imperatoris" and his death at "Treviris apud Sanctum Maximum" where he was buried[625].  Wicfrid Bishop of Verdun agreed an exchange of property with "sobrini nepotes" Liuthard and Richwin de Longwy by charter dated 973[626]Comte de Longwy.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which records that "comes Letardus de Longui pater Manegaudi et Gislebertus comes de Luscelenburch" were "nepotes" of Emperor Konrad II[627].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the properties of the convent of St Vanne at Verdun, among which that donated by "…comes…Liutardus…in pago Waprensi in comitatu de Custrei…Bailodium", and donated "Mosomum" on the petition of "Herimanni comitis" by charter dated 1015[628].  The Hugonis Chronicon records that "domnus Liethardus comes de Marceio" became a monk in the monastery of Verdun St Vanne, to which he donated "Bailodium", and died and was buried at Verdun[629].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XIV Kal Jun" of "Lietardus ex comite conversus qui…Baylodium" donated[630]m EMMEHILD, daughter of --- (-14 Jan ----).  The Vita Richardi abbatis S Vidoni Virdunensis names "uxor etiam ipsius venerandi comitis, Emmehyldis" and her donation to the church of Verdun[631].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XIX Kal Feb" of "Emmehildis comitissa uxor domni Lietardi comitis qui Bailodium nobis dedit"[632].  Comte Lietard [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         MANEGOLD (-[1040]).  The Vita Richardi abbatis S Vidoni Virdunensis names "filio suo [=comitis Lietardi] comite Manegaudo", recording that he opposed his father's religious donations, which were later confirmed after his father's death in the court of Emperor Heinrich II[633]

2.         RICHWIN (-after 973).  Wicfrid Bishop of Verdun agreed an exchange of property with "sobrini nepotes" Liuthard and Richwin de Longwy by charter dated 973[634]

 

 

1.         [ADALBERT [Albert], son of GERHARD Comte [de Metz] & his wife Gisela --- (-killed in battle near Thuin 11 Nov 1048).  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[635].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "Albertum de Longui castro", but does not give his origin[636].  [Comte de Longwy.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "Albertum de Longui castro, quem…ducem", the text appearing to refer to the duke of Upper Lotharingia[637].  No other record has been found of Longwy being in the possession of the family of the Grafen von Metz, between whom and the earlier comtes de Longwy no family relationship can be identified.  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium incorrectly attributes Longwy to Duke Adalbert, confusing him with Albert [II] Graf von Dachsburg, first husband of Ermensende de Luxembourg who is later recorded as heiress of Longwy[638].]  Emperor Heinrich III appointed him as ADALBERT Duke of Upper Lotharingia in early 1047, after confiscating the duchy from Godefroi II "le Barbu" Duke of Upper Lotharingia.  Duke Adalbert was killed fighting the forces of ex-Duke Godefroi.] 

 

 

1.         [ERMENSENDE [de Longwy], daughter of --- .  [Ctss de Longwy.]  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa de Longui et de Castris Ermensendis" as wife of "Conrado comiti de Luscelenburch"[639].  Ermensende de Luxembourg, daughter of Conrad [I] Comte [de Luxembourg], was later recorded as heiress of Longwy, which suggests an element of factual accuracy in this passage of Alberic.  However, there are two other difficulties with the text.  Firstly, "Castris" is normally the Latin name used for Bliescastel (see above in the present document) but no connection has been identified between Ermensende and the family of the Grafen von Bliescastel.  Secondly, considerable confusion concerning the identity of the wife or wives of Comte Conrad is introduced by other primary sources, which on the one hand indicate that she was related to the family of the Dukes of Aquitaine/Comtes de Poitou, and on the other record that her name was Clémence (who in addition is named in a charter as the mother of Comte Conrad´s daughter Ermensende).  The possible identities of the wife/wives of Comte Conrad are discussed in more detail in the document LUXEMBOURG.  It is of course possible that Comte Conrad married more than once.  Alternatively, it is also possible that he married only once and that all the references to his wife/wives refer to the same person, although the latter proposition would suggest that Longwy somehow passed through the Aquitaine/Poitou family which has not been verified (see a fuller discussion of this point in the document AQUITAINE DUKES).  Assuming that Ermensende was Ctss de Longwy, it has been suggested that she was the daughter of Adalbert [Graf von Metz] Duke of Upper Lotharingia (see above).  This is based on the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium which names "Albertum de Longui castro, quem…ducem", the text apparently referring to the duke of Upper Lotharingia who was killed in 1148[640].  As noted above, there is some doubt about the accuracy of this passage in the Gesta, and in any case no other reference has been found that Longwy ever belonged to the family of the Grafen von Metz.  This proposed parentage of the wife of Comte Conrad should therefore be considered as highly speculative.  m [as his first wife,] CONRAD [I] Comte [de Luxembourg], son of GISELBERT Graf von Salm, Comte [de Luxembourg] & his wife --- (-in Palestine 8 Aug 1086, bur Luxembourg Münster Abbey).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  GRAFEN von MAYENFELD

 

 

The county of Mayenfeld (pagus Magnacensis) was located in the area to the south of the confluence of the rivers Mosel and Rhine, east of the counties of Bidgau and Eifel[641].  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Megenensium…" to King Ludwig[642].  During the 9th and early 10th centuries, references have been found to Grafen von Mayenfeld but the county appears to have been held conjointly with other counties.  In the early 12th century, the county of Virneburg (see the document FRANCONIA LOWER RHINE) emerged in part of the area of the county of Mayenfeld[643]

 

 

1.         MEGINGOZ [II], son of [MEGINGOZ [I] & his wife ---] (-killed 28 Aug 892, bur Trier St Maximin).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, his unusual name suggests a close family relationship with Megingoz [I].  The Miraculæ S. Maximi record that "Megingaudo, regni huius duci" was granted the monastery of "abbate Herkenberto", St Maximin from the context, by Emperor Arnulf[644]Graf von Mayenfeld: "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Meinifeld…villam Ribanache" to Kloster St Maximin at Trier naming "comes noster…Megingoz" by charter dated 23 Jan 888[645].  "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Uuormazfelda in comitatu Megingaudi…in villa Dechidestein" to Kloster Fulda on the proposal of "Pobbonis et Deotpoldi [comitum]" by charter dated 21 Jul 889[646]Regino records that "Megingaudus comes, nepos supradicti Odonis regis" was killed "892 V Kal Sep" by "Alberico in monasterio sancti Xysti quod vocatur Rotila", specifying that he was buried in "Treverim apud sanctum Maximum" and in a later passage that "Arnolfi Zvendiboldo filio" was given the honours of "Megingaudi comitis" in 892[647].  The Annales Einsidlenses record the death in 991 of "Manegold comes"[648]m as her first husband, GISELA, daughter of ---.  The Miraculi Sanctæ Waldburgis names "Gisela matrona pernobilis, uxor Burchardi, Walochonis comitis filii, quæ antea matrimonio iuncta fuerat comitis Megindaudi"[649].  She married secondly Burkhard, who later succeeded as Graf von Mayenfeld. 

 

 

1.         BURKHARD, son of WALACHO & his wife --- (-after 28 Oct 905).  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "Purchart filius Vualahonis"[650]Graf von Mayenfeld: "Wuieldrud" donated property to Münster St Martin with the consent of "senioris mariti mei…Hildiberti" by charter dated 28 Oct 905 made "in pago Meginouelt…in comitatu Burchardi comitis"[651]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  COMTES de METZ (GRAFEN von METZ)

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von METZ (MATFRIEDE)

 

 

The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…civitatem Mettis cum abbatia S. Petri et S. Martini et comitatu Moslensi" to King Ludwig[652].  Vanderkindere suggests that the "pagus Moslensis" was a geographical expression which covered the whole of the upper Moselle area from Rübenach, west of Koblenz, to Jussy, Ars and Cheminot upstream of Metz[653]

 

 

 

ADALHARD [IV], son of ADALHARD [III] & his wife --- (-[2 Jan] 890).  The primary source which identifies Adalhard [IV] as the son of Adalhard [III] has not yet been identified.  However, the Catalogus abbatem Epternacensium names "Adelardus iunior comes" as [lay] abbot of Echternach in 878 until 890, suggesting that he may have had the same name as his father[654].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed a donation of property "in pago Muselahgeuui in comitatu Adalhardi villam…Berge" to Kloster Fulda by charter dated 24 Jul 880[655].  Emperor Karl III granted property "in Weitereiba in comitatu Adalhardi ad Rosbach" to Kloster Fulda by charter dated 7 Apr 884[656].  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont records the death "IV Non Jan" of "Adellardus"[657], although it is not certain that this refers to Adalhard [IV].  Hlawitschka suggests that Adelhard [IV] married ---, [daughter of Matfried [II] & his wife ---], or daughter of Matfried's sister and that the couple were the parents of the three brothers Gebhard and Matfried Counts of Metz and Richer Bishop of Verdun[658].] 

Possible children: 

No source has yet been found which names the parents of the following five brothers.  However, the fact that one is named Matfried suggests that they were sons of Adalhard [II] and his wife, assuming that she was the daughter of Matfried [II].  A descent from Adalhard [IV] is also suggested by the common use of the names Stefan and Gerhard in the two families.  No source has been found which indicates that all five brothers shared the same mother. 

1.         STEFAN (-after [900])Comte de Chaumont: Arnulf King of Germany granted property "in pago Calmenzgouve in comitatu Stephani in locis…Granswillari et Rosieres" to "abbati Stephano" by charter dated 19 May 891[659].  Emperor Arnulf confirmed complaints by Arnaud Bishop of Toul against "comes Stephanus et Gerardus frater suus et Matfridus", on the intervention of "filii nostri Zuenzoboldi et Vikenindi ducis", by undated charter, marked as spurious in the compilation although there is no reason why the genealogical information should be considered inaccurate[660]Graf von Bidgau: King Zwentibold donated property "in pago Piatahgeuue in comitatu Stefani comitis…Steinheim, Carescara, Oppilendorf, Bullendorf, Arenza, Maquila, Gladehch, Uffichine" to the canons of Echternach by charter dated 28 Oct 895[661].  Ludwig "das Kind" King of the East Franks confirmed an exchange of property between Kloster Fulda and "nobilis comes Stefan" with the consent of "germani sui Walohonis viri religiosi" by spurious charter dated 900[662]

2.         GERHARD ([870/75][663]-killed in battle 22 Jun 910).  The De Rebus Treverensibus sæculi VIII-X Libellus names two brothers "Gerardus et Meffridus" specifying that Gerhard married Oda, widow of King Zwentibold[664]Regino records that in 897 "Stephanus, Odacar, Gerardus et Matfridus comites" had their honours confiscated, and the reconciliation of "Stephanus, Gerhardus et Matfridus" with King Zwentibold soon after[665]Regino records that "Chuonradus comes" sent "filium suum Chuonradum" against "Gerardum et fratrem eius Matfridum" in 906[666].  The Annales Laubecenses record that "Gebehardum ducem et Liutfredum" were killed in battle against the Bavarians in 910[667]m (after 13 Aug 900) as her second husband, ODA, widow of ZWENTIBOLD King of Lotharingia [Carolingian], daughter of OTTO "des Erlauchten" Duke of Saxony & his wife Hedwig ([884][668]-[2 Jul] after 952).  Regino records that "Gerhard comes" married "Odam uxorem Zuendiboldi regis" after killing her first husband in battle in 900[669].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the donation of property "in pago…Hamalant in comitatu Vuigmanni" to St Moritz at Magdeburg by "nostra amita…Uota" by charter dated 30 Dec 952[670].  Jackman speculates[671] that she married thirdly Eberhard Graf im Oberlahngau, Pfalzgraf].  Gerhard & his wife had four children: 

a)         WICFRID (-9 Jul 953).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 2 Aug 945, relating to roperty "in pago Juliacense in comitatu Godefridi comitis", subscribed by "Wichfridi archiepiscopi…fratris eius Godefridi comitis"[672].  Abbot of St Ursula at Köln.  Deacon 922.  Archbishop of Köln 925.  Regino records in 923 the death of “Herimannus...Coloniensis episcopus” and the appointment of “Wigfridus[673].  Flodoard records in 953 the death of “Wicfredus Coloniensis antistes” and the ordination of “Bruno frater regis Ottonis” to whom “rex Otto” also granted “regnum Lothariense[674].  The Continuator of Regino records the death in 953 of “Wigfridus Coloniensis ecclesiæ archiepiscopus” and the appointment of “Brun frater regis[675].  Archchancellor 950.  The Annales Colonienses record the death in 953 of "Wicfridus archiepiscopus" and the succession of "Bruno"[676].  The Kalendarium of Köln Cathedral records the death “VII Id Jul” of “Wifridus archiepiscopus[677]

b)         UDA (-after 18 May 963).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  A charter dated 943 refers to "Gozlines…miles…ex nobilissimis regni Chlotarii ducens prosapia" (the wording implying that he was then deceased) and the donation by "uxor eius Uda et filius eius…Regingerus" to St Maximin at Trier of property "Hunzelinesdorph", subscribed by "Ogonis abbatis, Friderici, Gisilberti, Sigeberti fratrum predicti Gozlini"[678].  "Otto…rex" confirmed a donation of property "Dauantri in pago…Hamalant in comitatu Wichmanni comitis…" inherited by "Uda nostra nepta" by charter dated 28 Aug 960[679].  "Uda…comitissa" donated property "in pago Rizzigowi cui Egylolfus comes" to St Maximin at Trier "pro remedio…seniorique mei Gozlini necnon filiorum meorum Henrici…et Reginheri, Godefridi quoque et Adalberonis" by charter dated 18 May 963 witnessed by "Sigefrido comite, Richwino comite"[680]m GOZLIN [Gozelon] Comte, son of WIGERICH [III] Graf im Bidgau & his wife Cunegundis --- ([before 915]-[12 Oct 942/16 Feb 943][681] [19 Oct 942]).  

c)         daughter.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ---, a Bavarian.

d)         GOTTFRIED ([905/10]-26 Mar after 949).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  his birth date range is estimated from the likely marriage date of his parents and the date his father died.  Property "in pago Juliacense in comitatu Godefridi comitis" is referred to in a charter dated 2 Aug 945, signed by "Wichfridi archiepiscopi…fratris eius Godefridi comitis"[682].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the possession of Süsteren abbey for Kloster Prüm by charter dated 1 Jun 949, which names "Wicfridus episcopus…Godefridus comes…"[683].  Graf im Jülichgau.  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont records the death "4 Kal Apr" of "Godefridus comes"[684]m (before [934]) ERMENTRUDE, daughter of ---.  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont: lists (1) "Dumnus Gislibertus dux…Dumna Girberga, Ainricus, Haduidis…", which is followed by (2) "Gottefridus comes cum infantibus…suis, Ermentridis comitissa"[685], and (3) "Gotefridus, Ermendrudis, Gotefridus, Gebardus, Gerardus, Adelardus, Girberga" assumed to be Gottfried, his wife, four sons and daughter[686].  , and (4) "…Caroli imperatoris…Hludowici imperatoris, Hlotarii, Caroli, Ermentrudis"[687], which may represent an abbreviated attempt to set out the ancestry of Ermentrude wife of Graf Gottfried.  Hlawitschka suggests[688] that Ermentrude was Ermentrude of the Franks, daughter of Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks & his first wife Frederuna.  He appears to base this on another name list in the Liber Memorialis naming the Carolingian kings and emperors (in order) "…Caroli imperatoris…Hludowici imperatoris, Hlotarii, Caroli, Ermentrudis"[689], suggesting that this represents an abbreviated attempt to set out the ancestry of Ermentrude wife of Graf Gottfried.  However, the connection between entries (1) to (3) and entry (4) appears to be speculation.  Gottfried & his wife had five children: 

i)          GOTTFRIED (-in Italy 964).  The Vita Adelheidis refers to the four brothers of "Gerbirg…filia ducis Godefridi", of whom "unus paterno nominee...obiit [sine] legitimæ uxoris et liberorum…alter …attavus fuit Henrici nuper defuncti imperatoris [Heinrich III]", the remaining two being ancestors of German nobles[690].  He died of fever in Italy.  "Otto…imperator augustus" gave property in Villers-Ghislain to the abbey of St Ghislain "pro remedio…quondam…ducis nostri Godefridi" on the request of Bruno archbishop of Köln and "Richarius comes" by charter dated 2 Jun 965[691]

ii)         GERBERGA (after 934-[995]).  The Vita Adelheidis names "Gerbirg…filia ducis Godefridi" as wife of "Megengoz"[692].  The Memorial of "Megendaudus…Gerbirga marito" also names "Irmendrudis", recording that she was born with them, presumably indicating that she was their daughter, with the name "Adelheidis abbatissa" recorded at the end of the passage out of context[693]m MEGINGOZ, son of --- (-14 Jan [998]). 

iii)        GEBHARD .  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont in [930s/940s] names (in order) "Gotefridus, Ermendrudis, Gotefridus, Gebardus, Gerardus, Adelardus, Girberga" assumed to be Gottfried, his wife, four sons and daughter[694]

iv)       GERHARD ([930/35][695]-after 963).  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont in [930s/940s] names (in order) "Gotefridus, Ermendrudis, Gotefridus, Gebardus, Gerardus, Adelardus, Girberga" assumed to be Gottfried, his wife, four sons and daughter540.  Graf von Metz 963.  The Vita Adelheidis refers to the four brothers of "Gerbirg…filia ducis Godefridi", of whom "unus paterno nominee...obiit [sine] legitimæ uxoris et liberorum…alter …attavus fuit Henrici nuper defuncti imperatoris [Heinrich III]", the remaining two being ancestors of German nobles[696]

-         see below

v)        ADELARD .  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont in [930s/940s] names (in order) "Gotefridus, Ermendrudis, Gotefridus, Gebardus, Gerardus, Adelardus, Girberga" assumed to be Gottfried, his wife, four sons and daughter540

3.         MATFRIED (-19 Aug [930]).  The De Rebus Treverensibus sæculi VIII-X Libellus names two brothers "Gerardus et Meffridus"[697]Regino records that in 897 "Stephanus, Odacar, Gerardus et Matfridus comites" had their honours confiscated, and the reconciliation of "Stephanus, Gerhardus et Matfridus" with King Zwentibold soon after[698]Regino names "Richarium, fratrem Gerhardi et Mathfridi"[699]Graf [von Metz].  Regino records that "Chuonradus comes" sent "filium suum Chuonradum" against "Gerardum et fratrem eius Matfridum" in 906[700].  Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks restored Kloster Susteren to the abbey of Prüm by charter dated 19 Jan 916 which names "fidelium nostrorum…Widricus comes palatii, Richuuinus comes, Gislebertus, Matfridus, Beringerius comites, Theodericus comes, Reinherus comes, Erleboldus"[701].  A document dated 7 Nov 921 recording a meeting between Charles III "le Simple" King of France and Heinrich I King of Germany names "Matfredus, Erkengerus, Hagano, Boso, Waltherus, Isaac, Ragenberus, Theodricus, Adalardus, Adelelmus" as representatives of the former[702].  "Bernacrus…et uxor mea Eva necnon et filia nostra Albuera" donated property "Radinga in pago Metensi in comitatu Matfridi" to St Maximin, supported by "Giselbertum comitem…atque abbatis", by charter dated 926[703].  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont records the death "XIV Kal Sep" of "Matfridus"[704]m LANTSIND, daughter of RADALD & his wife Rotrud --- (-7 Mar ----).  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont names "Domini Dadoni episcopi cum genitore Radaldo et matri Rotrude sororibusque Uuilburch et Lantsint cum fratre Adelberto et filiis suis"[705].  Her marriage is confirmed by Flodoard naming "Bernuino, Dadonis episcopi nepoti"[706], Bishop Dado being Lantsind's brother and Bernuin her son, combined with the Vita of Johannes von Gorze which names "[Adelbert] cum fratris Bernuini Virdunensis episcopi"[707].  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont records the death "Non Mar" of "Lantsquent"[708].  Matfried & his wife had three children: 

a)         ADALBERT (-killed in battle 27 Jan or 10 Feb 944).  The Vita of Johannes von Gorze names "[Adelbert] cum fratris Bernuini Virdunensis episcopi"[709]Regino records that "Adalbertus comes filius Matfridi" was killed in 944 by "Uodone"[710]Graf [von Metz].  m as her first husband, LIUTGARDE, daughter of WIGERICH [III] Graf im Bidgau & his wife Cunegundis --- (-after 4 Aug 960).  "Liutgardis" donated property "in comitatu Nithegowe cui Godefridus comes" inherited from "parentibus meis Wigerico et Cunegunda" to St Maximin at Trier "pro remedio…parentum meorum, seniorum quoque meorum Alberti et Everhardi vel filiorum meorum" by charter dated 8 Apr 960[711].  A more precise indication of the parentage of Liutgarde's two husbands has not yet been identified.  She married secondly [Eberhard [IV] Graf im Nordgau] [Egisheim].  Eberhard [IV] Graf im Nordgau is shown as Liutgarde's second husband in Poull[712] and Europäische Stammtafeln[713].  Rösch[714] is more cautious, referring to Liutgarde's second husband as "Eberhard" without citing his origin.  Wegener[715] assumes that the wording of the 960 charter means that "Alberti et Everhardi" were Liutgard's successive husbands and that both were deceased at the date of the charter, although this is not necessarily the only interpretation of the text.  He argues that Liutgarde's second husband could not therefore have been Eberhard [IV] Graf im Nordgau, who died in [972/73], and suggests that "Eberhard" was Eberhard Duke of Bavaria [Liutpoldinger].  However, as the last reference to Duke Eberhard is in 938, this would mean that he was Luitgarde's first husband, which appears unlikely if the order of the names of her two husbands in the charter was chronological.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines provides some interesting corroboration for Liutgarde's marriage to Graf Eberhard [IV] by recording "comes Hugo de Daburg, pater sancti Leonis pape" as "consobrinus" of "imperator Conradus"[716].  If Liutgarde's two marriages were as shown here, Hugo [IX] Graf von Egisheim was second cousin once removed of Emperor Konrad, the emperor being the great-grandson of Liutgarde by her first marriage, and Hugo her grandson by her first marriage.  Adalbert & his wife had two children: 

i)          MATFRIED (before 944-).  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "Mefridus, patruus prefatorum dominorum" (referring to "comitis Eberhardi sive comitis Hugonis vel istorum fratrum Gerhardi et Maffridi") in relation to a donation he made to Metz St Etienne[717].  These four brothers were the sons of Hugo [V] "Raucus" Graf im Nordgau [Egisheim], who was the son of Luitgarde [Wigeriche] and her second husband Eberhard Graf im Nordgau.  The relationship "patruus" referred to above is therefore consistent with Matfried having been paternal uncle of the brothers, uterine half-brother of their father.  No other primary source which confirms his parentage has yet been identified.  960.  m ---, [relative of Wicfrid Bishop of Verdun]. 

ii)         [LIUTGARDE .  Thierry Stasser suggests that the wife of Robert [I] Comte de Namur may have been [Liutgarde], daughter of Adalbert Graf [von Metz], emphasising that this purely speculative based only on onomastics[718]m ROBERT [I] Comte de Namur, son of ---.]   

b)         BERNOIN (-939).  The Vita of Johannes von Gorze names "[Adelbert] cum fratris Bernuini Virdunensis episcopi"[719].  Flodoard names "Bernuino, Dadonis episcopi nepoti"[720], referring to Bernoin's maternal uncle as explained above.  Bishop of Verdun 928.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 920 of “Dado episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Bernoynus[721].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 941 of “Bernoinus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Berengarius Ottonis imperatoris consanguineus[722]

c)         daughter .  The Vita of Johannes von Gorze names "cognatus ipsius [Adalberti]…Lantberti, nam eius sororem habebat"[723]m LAMBERT, son of ---. 

4.         RICHER (-23 Jul 945, bur Liège Saint-Pierre).  Abbot of Prüm [892]: Regino records the death in 892 of “Farabertus abba Prumensis cœnobii” and the election of "Richarium, fratrem Gerhardi et Mathfridi" as his successor[724]Bishop of Liège [920].  The Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensis records that “Richario” was appointed bishop of Liège in succession to Stefan[725].  Sigebert's Chronica records in 921 that, after the death of "Stephano Leodicensium episcopo", “Richarius” was ordained bishop “a Karolo per auctoritatem papæ Romani”, rejecting “Hilduino qui pecunia data duci Gisleberto ambiebat ab eo sibi dari episcopatum[726].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the succession of “Richarius...abbas Prumiensis et Stabulensis a rege Francorum Karolo Simplico electus per auctoritatem pape Iohannis...decimi[727].  The Annales Lobienses record the death in 920 of "Stephanus episcopus Leodicensium" and the dispute between "Hilduinum et Richarium" over which should succeed, Hilduin being supported by "Gisleberti ducis" and Richer by "Karolus" as well as the Pope, and record the election of "Richarius" in 922[728].  The Annales Stabulenses record the death in 945 of "Richeri episcopi"[729].  The Annales Lobienses record the death in 945 of "Richarius Leodicensium episcopus" and the succession of "Uhogo"[730].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the death “X Kal Aug” 945 of “Richarius” after holding office for 24 years and his burial “in ecclesia sancti Petri[731].  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont records the death "X Kal Aug" of "Richerus episcopus"[732]

5.         WALACHO (-after [900]).  Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of Germany confirmed an exchange of property between Kloster Fulda and "nobilis comes Stefan" with the consent of "germani sui Walohonis viri religiosi" by spurious charter dated 900[733]

 

 

GERHARD, son of GOTTFRIED Graf im Jülichgau & his wife Ermentrude of the Franks ([930/35]-after 963).  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont in [930s/940s] names (in order) "Gotefridus, Ermendrudis, Gotefridus, Gebardus, Gerardus, Adelardus, Girberga" assumed to be Gottffried, his wife, four sons and daughter[734]Graf von Metz 963.  The Vita Adelheidis refers to the four brothers of "Gerbirg…filia ducis Godefridi", of whom "unus paterno nominee...obiit [sine] legitimæ uxoris et liberorum…alter …attavus fuit Henrici nuper defuncti imperatoris [Heinrich III]", the remaining two being ancestors of German nobles[735]

m ---.  The name of Gerhard's wife is not known. 

Gerhard & his wife had [two possible children]: 

1.         [RICHARD ([950/55][736]-after 986).  Graf [von Metz].  982.  Nephew of Wicfrid Bishop of Verdun, although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified, nor the precise nature of the relationship.  "Varneri comitis, Richardi comitis…" witnessed the charter dated 986 under which Gérard Bishop of Toul donated the church of Andelier to the abbey of Saint-Mansuy[737].] 

2.         [GERHARD .  No proof has been found of the paternity of Richard and his brother Gerhard.  However, the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines provides some interesting support for the affiliation shown here by recording "comes Hugo de Daburg, pater sancti Leonis pape" as "consobrinus" of "imperator Conradus"[738].  If Liutgarde, supposed paternal grandmother of Richard and Gerhard, married twice as shown above, Hugo [VI] Graf von Egisheim would have been second cousin once removed of Emperor Konrad, the emperor being the great-grandson of Liutgarde by her first marriage, Hugo being her grandson by her first marriage.  Either Richard or Gerhard was father of, although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified:

-        see below

 

 

Children either of RICHARD Graf von Metz (-after 982), or his brother GERHARD:

1.         GERHARD (-[1021/33])Herimannus names "Gerhardum comitem, Counradi postea imperatoris avunculum" when recording his defeat in 1017 by "Godefridus dux partis Lotharingorum"[739].  Wipo names "Adalheida ex nobilissima gente Litharingorum oriunda…soror…comitem Gerhardi et Adalberti" and mother of "maioris Chuononis", specifying that the brothers were "de antiquo genere Troianorum regem"[740]Graf [von Metz] 1006.  "Comes Gerardus" donated property to the monastery of Fruttuaria, at the request of "conjuge Eva" for the soul of "filii sui Sigifredi defuncti", by charter dated 1020, witnessed by "Girardi, Giselberti, Folmarii comitum…"[741]m EVA [de Luxembourg], daughter of SIEGFRIED Comte [de Luxembourg] & his wife Hedwig --- (-19 Apr after 18 Jun 1040).  "Comes Gerardus" donated property to the monastery of Fruttuaria, at the request of "conjuge Eva" for the soul of "filii sui Sigifredi defuncti", by charter dated 1020, witnessed by "Girardi, Giselberti, Folmarii comitum…"[742].  Her parentage is deduced from Thietmar naming her son Siegfried, son of Count Gerhard, "the empress's nephew"[743].  This is confirmed by "Henricus…rex" granting property "in villa Morlinga in pago Musiligeauue in comitatu Uirad" to "Abenze…ex parte sue sororis contectalis Heinrici imperatoris" by charter dated 18 Jun 1040[744].  Gerhard &  his wife had [two] children: 

a)         SIEGFRIED (-[27 Aug 1017/3 Feb 1020]).  Thietmar names Siegfried, son of Count Gerhard, specifying that he was the empress's nephew and recording that he was captured when his father met Godefroi Duke of Lower Lotharingia for "a judicial duel" 27 Aug 1017[745].  "Comes Gerardus" donated property to the monastery of Fruttuaria, at the request of "conjuge Eva" for the soul of "filii sui Sigifredi defuncti", by charter dated 1020, witnessed by "Girardi, Giselberti, Folmarii comitum…"[746]

b)         [BERSCINDA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Remiremont [1030/1040].] 

2.         ADALBERT (-(-[1 Feb/30 Jun] 1037 or after, bur Bourzonville Monastery).  Wipo names "Adalheida ex nobilissima gente Litharingorum oriunda…soror…comitem Gerhardi et Adalberti" and mother of "maioris Chuononis"[747]Graf von Metz

-        see below

3.         ADELHEID ([975][748]-19 May [1039/46], bur Öhningen Stiftskirche).  Wipo names "Adalheida ex nobilissima gente Litharingorum oriunda…soror…comitem Gerhardi et Adalberti" and mother of "maioris Chuononis"[749].  Her second marriage is suggested by the Vita Meinwerci which names "Gebehardus iuvenis, frater imperatoris" when recording his tonsure at the synod in 1028[750], Gerhard not being named elsewhere as the full brother of Emperor Konrad I.  m firstly HEINRICH Graf im Wormsgau, son of OTTO Duke of Carinthia, Graf im Nahe-, Speier-, und Wormsgau [Salier] & his wife Judith --- (-[20 Sep 989/1000]).  m secondly ---.  The name of Adelheid's second husband is not known.  Adelheid & her second husband had [three] children:

a)         GEBHARD ([after 1000]-1060).  The Vita Meinwerci names "Gebehardus iuvenis, frater imperatoris" when recording his tonsure at the synod in 1028[751]Herimannus names "Gebehardus, Counradi imperatoris ex matre Adalheide frater" when recording his installation as Bishop of Regensburg in 1036[752].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in loco…Ramprehtestetin/Ramarsstetin…in marchia et in comitatu Arnoldi marchionis" to "Adalrammo fideli nostro" by charter dated 1 Oct 1043 on the petition of "Gebehardi episcopi patrui nostri"[753]

b)         [ROTHILD ([after 1000]-2 Dec ----).  The death of "Chrothildis Ottonis III filia, Conradi imperatoris soror, avia mea" is recorded "IV Non Dec" in the Necrologium included in the Chronicon Hugonis[754].  While Rothild could clearly not have been the daughter of Emperor Otto III, it would be chronologically plausible if she was the uterine half-sister of Emperor Konrad II.  If she had been the emperor's full sister there would no doubt have been more than this single reference to her existence.  m ---.  The name of Rothild's husband is not known.]  Rothild & her husband had one child: 

i)          DADA "de Monte Walcherii" (-17 Oct ----).  The death of "Dada de monte Walcherii, mater mea, Crothildis filia" is recorded "XVI Kal Nov" in the Necrologium included in the Chronicon Hugonis[755]m RAINER --- (-27 Jul ----).  The death of "Raynerus, pater meus" is recorded "VI Kal Aug" in the Necrologium included in the Chronicon Hugonis[756].  Rainer & his wife had four children: 

(a)       FRIEDRICH (-11 Feb before [1140]).  The death of "Fredericus laycus, frater meus" is recorded "III Idus Feb" in the Necrologium included in the Chronicon Hugonis[757]

(b)       GERHARD (-16 Oct before [1140]).  The death of "Gerardus laycus, frater meus" is recorded "XVII Kal Nov" in the Necrologium included in the Chronicon Hugonis[758]

(c)       RAINER (-11 Dec before [1140]).  The death of "Raynerus iunior, frater meus" is recorded "III Id Dec" in the Necrologium included in the Chronicon Hugonis[759]

(d)       HUGO (Verdun 1065-[1140][760]).  Monk at Verdun and at the abbey of Flavigny, he was the author of the Chronicon Hugonis

c)         [---.  m ---.] 

i)          LIETARD .  "Lietardus, imperatoris Conradi nepos et consanguineus" is named in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, when recording that he became a monk at Verdun under Frederic of Lotharingia "Bailodium [=Baileu] tradens"[761].  This must have occurred before 1022, the date of Frederic's death.  It is not known how Lietard was related to Emperor Konrad, but the most likely possibility is that one his parents was the emperor's uterine brother or sister.  This is further supported by the reference to Verdun, where the son of his supposed first cousin was also a monk.  The name Lietard suggests a family connection with the Comtes de Huy (see the document LOWER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY). 

 

 

ADALBERT, son of [RICHARD Graf von Metz or GERARD Graf von Metz] & his wife --- (-[1 Feb/30 Jun] 1037 or after, bur Bourzonville Monastery).  Wipo names "Adalheida ex nobilissima gente Litharingorum oriunda…soror…comitem Gerhardi et Adalberti" and mother of "maioris Chuononis"[762]Graf von Metz.  The Chronicle of St Bénigne de Dijon records a donation by "Albertus comes Mettensis" of "villam Vulferei", recording that after his death "Girardus dux filius eius" cancelled the donation, undated but listed among records of other donations in the late 1020s[763].  "Adelbertus dux et marchio Lotoringie et Iuditta uxor mea ducissa et marchionissa" donated property "villam nostram Mamendorf" to the abbey of St Matthew by charter dated 12 Jun 1037[764].  The testament dated 1037 of "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis" is witnessed by "Adelberti avunculi nostri marchionis et ducis Lothoringie et Iuditte amicte nostre uxoris sue"[765].  The titles "dux et marchio Lotoringie" in these documents cannot be explained as no other record has been found to indicate that Adalbert was either duke or marquis of Lotharingia. 

m JUDITH, daughter of --- (-27 Jul [1037/38], bur Bourzonville/Busendorf).  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names "Adalbertus comes marchio et uxor sua Iuditha" as parents of Gerhard, noting that they were both buried in the monastery and in a later passage noting their joint donation dated "1033 pridie Kal Feb"[766].  "Iuta marchionissa Litoringie" donated property "villam nostram Mamendorf" to the abbey of St Matthew by charter dated 1030[767].  "Adelbertus dux et marchio Lotoringie et Iuditta uxor mea ducissa et marchionissa" donated property "villam nostram Mamendorf" to the abbey of St Matthew by charter dated 12 Jun 1037[768].  The testament dated 1037 of "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis" is witnessed by "Adelberti avunculi nostri marchionis et ducis Lothoringie et Iuditte amicte nostre uxoris sue"[769].  It is not clear from the document whether it was Judith or her husband who was the blood relation of Adalbero.  "Avunculus" suggests that Adalbert was Adalbero's maternal uncle.  This cannot be correct as Adalbert's brother Gerhard is recorded as having married Siegfried's daughter Eva, who would in that case have been his niece.  It appears more likely, therefore, that the relationship was with Judith.  "Amita" suggests that Judith was Adalbero´s paternal aunt.  However, Siegfried´s birth is estimated to [930/40].  The precise relationship between Judith and Siegfried cannot be ascertained. 

Graf Adalbert & his wife had one child: 

1.         GERHARD (-1045, bur Bourzonville Monastery).  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names "Gerhardus comes marchio filius [Adalbertus comes marchio et uxor sua Iuditha] cum uxore sua Gisela", noting that they were both buried in the monastery[770].  Graf.  "Gerardus" donated property to Saint-Bénigne de Dijon for the souls of "patris mei Adalberti et avunculi mei Gerardi" by charter dated 30 Jun 1033[771].  Gérard Comte d'Alsace settled a dispute with the abbess of Remiremont for the souls of "Adelbert et Juditte ses père et mère" by charter, now lost, dated May 1038[772]m GISELA, daughter of --- (-bur Bourzonville Monastery).  "Gerardus…Lothariensium dux" donated property to Echternach abbey by charter dated 11 Apr 1067 which names "uxoris mea Hadvidis filiique nostre Theoderici…patris mei Gerhardi matrisque meæ Gislæ"[773].  Graf Gerhard & his wife had eleven children: 

a)         ADALBERT [Albert] (-killed in battle near Thuin 11 Nov 1048).  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[774].  Emperor Heinrich III appointed him as ADALBERT Duke of Upper Lotharingia in early 1047, after confiscating the duchy from Godefroi II "le Barbu" Duke of Upper Lotharingia.  [Comte de Longwy.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "Albertum de Longui castro, quem…ducem", the text appearing to refer to the duke of Upper Lotharingia[775].  No other record has been found of Longwy being in the possession of the family of the Grafen von Metz.  Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium incorrectly attributes Longwy to Duke Adalbert, confusing him with Albert [II] Graf von Dachsburg, first husband of Ermensende de Luxembourg who is later recorded as heiress of Longwy[776].]  Duke Adalbert was killed fighting the forces of ex-Duke Godefroi.  No indication has been found of the name of Duke Adalbert's wife, assuming that he was married at all.  Szabolcs de Vajay[777] has confirmed the incorrectness of his earlier proposition that Duke Adalbert's wife was Clémence de Foix, and that the Duke was the father of Etiennette (wife of Guillaume Comte de Bourgogne) and Clémence (wife of Conrad Comte de Luxembourg).  The Kalendarium Sanctæ Mariæ Virdunensis records the death "III Id Nov" of "fuit prœlium ducis Alberti"[778]m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Adalbert & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [ERMENSENDE .  [Ctss de Longwy.]  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa de Longui et de Castris Ermensendis" as wife of "Conrado comiti de Luscelenburch"[779].  Ermensende de Luxembourg, daughter of Conrad [I] Comte [de Luxembourg], was later recorded as heiress of Longwy, which suggests an element of factual accuracy in this passage of Alberic.  However, there are two other difficulties with the text.  Firstly, "Castris" is normally the Latin name used for Bliescastel (see above in the present document) but no connection has been identified between Ermensende and the family of the Grafen von Bliescastel.  Secondly, considerable confusion concerning the identity of the wife or wives of Comte Conrad is introduced by other primary sources, which on the one hand indicate that she was related to the family of the Dukes of Aquitaine/Comtes de Poitou, and on the other record that her name was Clémence (who in addition is named in a charter as the mother of Comte Conrad´s daughter Ermensende).  The possible identities of the wife/wives of Comte Conrad are discussed in more detail in the document LUXEMBOURG.  It is of course possible that Comte Conrad married more than once.  Alternatively, it is also possible that he married only once and that all the references to his wife/wives refer to the same person, although the latter proposition would suggest that Longwy somehow passed through the Aquitaine/Poitou family which has not been verified (see a fuller discussion of this point in the document AQUITAINE DUKES).  Assuming that Ermensende was Ctss de Longwy, it has been suggested that she was the daughter of Adalbert [Graf von Metz] Duke of Upper Lotharingia (see above).  This is based on the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium which names "Albertum de Longui castro, quem…ducem", the text apparently referring to the duke of Upper Lotharingia who was killed in 1148[780].  As noted above, there is some doubt about the accuracy of this passage in the Gesta, and in any case no other reference has been found that Longwy ever belonged to the family of the Grafen von Metz.  This proposed parentage of the wife of Comte Conrad should therefore be considered as highly speculative.  m [as his first wife,] CONRAD [I] Comte [de Luxembourg], son of GISELBERT Graf von Salm, Comte de Luxembourg & his wife --- (-in Palestine 8 Aug 1086, bur Luxembourg Münster Abbey).] 

b)         GERHARD (-Remiremont [14 Apr] or 11 Aug [1070]).  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[781].  In an earlier passage, the same source names "Odelrico comite et Gerhardo duce" as sons and successors of "Gerhardus comes marchio [et] cum uxore sua Gisela"[782]Graf von Metz.  Emperor Heinrich III appointed him as GERARD Duke of Upper Lotharingia after his brother was killed in battle in Nov 1048.   

-        DUKES of LORRAINE

c)         KONRAD .  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[783]

d)         ADALBERO .  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[784]

e)         BEATRIX .  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[785].  Nun at Remiremont. 

f)          ODELRICH (-1065 or after, bur Bourzonville Monastery).  A letter of Rodulfi Abbatis quotes a charter of "Adelbero…Metensis episcopus" dated 1065 which is signed by "domnus Theodericus nepos eius, domnus Gervoldus archidiaconus, domnus Odelricus frater ducis Gerardi…"[786].  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names "Odelrico comite et Gerhardo duce" as sons and successors of "Gerhardus comes marchio [et] cum uxore sua Gisela"[787].  Odelrich is not included in the list of the ten other children of Gerhard and Gisela included in another passage of the same source[788].  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names "filiis [Gisila…et Gerhardo duce] Odelrico", recording that he was buried with his parents[789]

g)         CUONO . The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[790].  Hlawitschka suggests that those named after Beatrix were more distant relations[791].   

h)         ODA .  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[792].  Hlawitschka suggests that those named after Beatrix were more distant relations[793].  Abbess of Remiremont 1048-1070.

i)          AZELINUS .  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[794].  Hlawitschka suggests that those named after Beatrix were more distant relations[795]

j)          IDA .  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[796].  Hlawitschka suggests that those named after Beatrix were more distant relations[797]

k)         ADELHEID .  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[798].  Hlawitschka suggests that those named after Beatrix were more distant relations[799]

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von METZ (FOLMAR)

 

 

FOLMAR [VII] de Metz, son of FOLMAR [VI] Comte de Metz & his wife Suanehilde --- (-25 Jun 1111, bur Lixheim).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Metz, Huneburg et Lunéville.  He founded Lixheim in 1107. 

m ---.  The name of Folmar's wife is not known. 

Graf Folmar [VII] & his wife had three children: 

1.         FOLMAR [VIII] (-1145, bur Beaupré)Graf von Metz et de Homburg.  "…Comes Folmarus, Hugonellus heres et filius meus" subscribed the charter dated 1128 under which "Comes Rainaldus" restored property at Maidières to Liège Saint-Lambert on the advice of "fratris nostri Stephani Metensi episcopi"[800].  He founded the abbey of Beaupré in 1135.  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Beaupré “III Kal Mar” 1135 by Folmarus comes Metensis...conjux eius femina felicis memoriæ comitissa Mathildis sed et filii eorum Folmarus et Hugo necnon et filiæ Clementia, Agnes et Adeleidis[801]m MECHTILD de Dagsburg, daughter of ALBERT [I] [de Moha] Graf von Egisheim und Dagsburg & his second wife Ermensende de Luxembourg.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Beaupré “III Kal Mar” 1135 by Folmarus comes Metensis...conjux eius femina felicis memoriæ comitissa Mathildis sed et filii eorum Folmarus et Hugo necnon et filiæ Clementia, Agnes et Adeleidis[802]Graf Folmar [VIII] & his wife had six children: 

a)         HUGO (-1159 or after).  "Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis" confirmed the prior donation of property to the church of Verdun Saint-Vanne by "senioris mei comitis Alberti" by charter dated to [1124], subscribed by "domni mei Godefridi comitis et filii mei Henrici comitis, Hugonis filii Folmari comitis, Everardi filii Aiulfi comitis"[803].  "…Comes Folmarus, Hugonellus heres et filius meus" subscribed the charter dated 1128 under which "Comes Rainaldus" restored property at Maidières to Liège Saint-Lambert on the advice of "fratris nostri Stephani Metensi episcopi"[804].  Graf von Homburg 1147.  Graf von Metz 1157.  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Beaupré “III Kal Mar” 1135 by Folmarus comes Metensis...conjux eius femina felicis memoriæ comitissa Mathildis sed et filii eorum Folmarus et Hugo necnon et filiæ Clementia, Agnes et Adeleidis[805]

b)         FOLMAR [IX] (-1171 or after).  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Beaupré “III Kal Mar” 1135 by Folmarus comes Metensis...conjux eius femina felicis memoriæ comitissa Mathildis sed et filii eorum Folmarus et Hugo necnon et filiæ Clementia, Agnes et Adeleidis[806]Graf von Lunéville 1160. 

c)         ALBERT .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   1147. 

d)         CLEMENTIA .  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Beaupré “III Kal Mar” 1135 by Folmarus comes Metensis...conjux eius femina felicis memoriæ comitissa Mathildis sed et filii eorum Folmarus et Hugo necnon et filiæ Clementia, Agnes et Adeleidis[807]The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   “Folmarus…comes de Castel…et uxor mea Clementia” made declarations relating to Gorze Abbey by charter dated to [1152/60][808]m her second cousin, FOLMAR [I] Graf von Bliescastel, son of GOTTFRIED [I] Graf von Bliescastel & his wife ---. 

e)         AGNES (-before 1180).  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Beaupré “III Kal Mar” 1135 by Folmarus comes Metensis...conjux eius femina felicis memoriæ comitissa Mathildis sed et filii eorum Folmarus et Hugo necnon et filiæ Clementia, Agnes et Adeleidis[809]Heiress of Longwy.  m LUDWIG [I] Graf von Looz und Rieneck Stadtgraf von Mainz, son of ARNAUD [II] Comte de Looz, Graf von Rieneck & his wife [Aleide ---] (-11 Aug 1171). 

f)          ADELHEID (-after 1157).  A charter dated 1157 confirms the foundation of the abbey of Beaupré “III Kal Mar” 1135 by Folmarus comes Metensis...conjux eius femina felicis memoriæ comitissa Mathildis sed et filii eorum Folmarus et Hugo necnon et filiæ Clementia, Agnes et Adeleidis[810]

2.         HUGUES .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1101. 

3.         THEOGAR (-1120).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Metz 1117, installed 1118. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  GRAFEN im NIEDGAU

 

 

The county of Niedgau, whose name derives from the river Nied a tributary of the river Sarre, lay south and west of the county of Lower Saargau, east of the counties of Metz and Rizzigau, and north of Saulnois[811].  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Nitachowa…" to King Ludwig[812].  In the late 10th century, properties in Niedgau are recorded in the county of Siegfried Comte [de Luxembourg][813].  Adalbert Comte de Metz founded the abbey of Bouzonville in the county of Nitagau[814].  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ records that "Adalbertus comes [Comte de Metz] marchio et uxor sua Iuditha" founded the monastery of Bouzonville in the county of Niedgau in 1033[815], and it appears that the county remained with their descendants the dukes of Lorraine. 

 

 

1.         HATTO (-after 19 Jan 882)Graf im Niedgau.  "Hatto comes" donated property adjacent to that of "Luitfredus comes nepos meus" to "monasterio Blidenstat…in pago Nithegowe in villa Wilena" by charter dated 13 Nov 849[816].  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[817].  "Hludovicus rex" donated property "ex fisco nostro Wisibad in pago Cunigeshundra in villa…Nordinstat in comitatu Hattonis comitis" to Kloster Bleidenstatt by charter dated 19 Jan 882[818]

2.         [--- .  m ---.  One child]: 

a)         LIUTFRIED (-after [874]).  "Hatto comes" donated property adjacent to that of "Luitfredus comes nepos meus" to "monasterio Blidenstat…in pago Nithegowe in villa Wilena" by charter dated 13 Nov 849[819]Graf im Niedgau.  A charter dated to [874] records a donation of property "in Francia in pago Nitichevve in comitatu Liutfridi in villa…Hurnovva"[820]

 

 

1.         LIETARD [II] (-after 911)Graf im Niedgau.  The monastery of St Maximin exchanged property "in pago Nedinse in comitatu Liutardi in loco…Burmeringas" for property "in pago Bedinse in comitatu Widrici…villa…Eslingis" with Rorich (vassal of Trier) by charter dated 1 Jan 909[821].  Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks granted property "Lestorphem…in pago Indensi [Nidensi]" to the church of Cambrai, with the consent of "Letardo…eiusdem pagi…comite", by charter dated 911[822]

 

 

1.         EBERHARD (-before 965).  m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Oct 965 under which her daughter "Rigalind" donated property "hereditatis mee in pago Nithagowe in comitatu eiusdem Burcardi" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "parentum meorum Eburhardi et Mathildis", with the consent of "fratris mei Burcardi"[823].  Eberhard & his wife had three children: 

a)         BURKHARD (-after 18 Oct 965).  Graf im Niedgau.  "Rigalind" donated property "hereditatis mee in pago Nithagowe in comitatu eiusdem Burcardi" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "parentum meorum Eburhardi et Mathildis", with the consent of "fratris mei Burcardi", by charter dated 18 Oct 965, signed by "Rigalindis, Burcardi comitis, Eburhardi fratris eius…"[824]

b)         EBERHARD (-after 18 Oct 965).  "Rigalind" donated property "hereditatis mee in pago Nithagowe in comitatu eiusdem Burcardi" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "parentum meorum Eburhardi et Mathildis", with the consent of "fratris mei Burcardi", by charter dated 18 Oct 965, signed by "Rigalindis, Burcardi comitis, Eburhardi fratris eius…"[825]

c)         REGELIND (-after 18 Oct 965).  "Rigalind" donated property "hereditatis mee in pago Nithagowe in comitatu eiusdem Burcardi" to Kloster Bleidenstatt, for the souls of "parentum meorum Eburhardi et Mathildis", with the consent of "fratris mei Burcardi", by charter dated 18 Oct 965, signed by "Rigalindis, Burcardi comitis, Eburhardi fratris eius…"[826]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13.  COMTES d'ORNOIS

 

 

The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Odornense, quod Bernardus habuit…" to King Ludwig[827], and "…comitatum…Tullense aliud Odornense, quod Tetmarus habuit…" to King Charles[828].  The latter appears to refer to the county of Toul, but the former was probably a separate county.  Vanderkindere suggests several different areas where this county may have been located: along the river Ornain (tributary of the Marne) either in the doyennés of Ligy and Dammarie ("upper" Ornois) or the doyennés of Gondrecourt and Reynel ("lower" Ornois); on the western border of Upper Lotharingia between the Perthois (in France) and the Soulossois; to the north of Verdun along the river Orne, a tributary of the Moselle[829].  Judging by the other territories which were assigned to King Ludwig under the 870 agreement, it is more likely that Ornois ruled by Bernard was in the eastern part of what was later the duchy of Upper Lotharingia. 

 

 

1.         BERNARD (-after 8 Aug 870).  Comte d'Ornois.  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Odornense, quod Bernardus habuit…" to King Ludwig[830]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14.  GRAFEN von SAARBRÜCKEN

 

 

The county of Lower Saargau included Saarbrücken, Saarlouis and Saarburg.  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Sarachowa subterior…" to King Ludwig[831].  The county of Lower Saargau was also referred to as comitatus Waldervinga in the 10th century, and was part of the pagus Rezcensis [Rizzigau] which lay along the Mosel valley from Thionville to Sierck[832].  After the death of Comte Egilolf, Siegfried Comte [de Luxembourg] is recorded with properties in Rizzigau.  Emperor Otto III granted the castle of Saarbrücken and its dependencies Völklingen, Quierscheidt and Wehrden to the bishop of Metz by charter dated 14 Apr 999[833].  However, the Luxembourg family of Siegfried continued to retain interests in the Lower Saargau, as demonstrated by the testament dated 12 Nov 1036 of "Adalbero…prepositus S Paulini Treuerensis", son of Siegfried, who is called in this document "dominus de Ruscheio, de Serico, de Sarburch et de Berincastel"[834].  The castle of Saarbrücken ("castellum Sarebrucca…in pago Sargowe") was confirmed once more in the hands of the church of Metz by Heinrich IV King of Germany by charter dated 3 Apr 1065[835].  By 1080, the county of Saarbrücken was held by Count Sigebert [I], whose ancestry is not known. 

 

 

 

A.      EARLY GRAFEN in SAARBRÜCKEN

 

 

1.         EGILOLF (-after 963)Graf von Rizzigau: "Thiedo" donated property "Dalahem…in Rezcensi pago in comitatu Walderuingen cui Egilolfus comes preesse viditur" to St Maximin for the soul of "patris mei Humberti" by charter dated 962[836].  "Uda…comitissa" donated property "in pago Rizzigowi cui Egylolfus comes" to St Maximin at Trier "pro remedio…seniorique mei Gozlini necnon filiorum meorum Henrici…et Reginheri, Godefridi quoque et Adalberonis" by charter dated 18 May 963 witnessed by "Sigefrido comite, Richwino comite"[837].  Vanderkindere suggests that Egilolf may have been the father of Comte Siegfried, who is recorded with properties in Rizzigau, or of his wife[838]

 

2.         ODACRE [III] (-after 991)Graf in Saarbrücken.  "Sigericus cum coniuge mea Betta" founded the abbey of Vergaville "in comitatu Saraburg ubi…Odacher…præesse, in villa Widirgo Deldorf", including donations of property "in comitatu Dextroch ubi Teodebertus præsidet…in comitatu Mortisna ubi Regimboldus præest…", with the consent of "filio nostro Deoderico", by charter dated 966, signed by "Sigerici comitis, Dominæ Bettæ, Odachri comitis…Theotberti comitis…" and sworn by "Lambertus filius ipsorum…ad vicem Cancellarii"[839].  "Odacker" donated property "in pago Salnensi in comitatu Hosonis ad Destrardo" the abbey of Longeville by charter dated 991, signed by "comitis Odakri, comitis Ymmonis…"[840]same person as…?  ODACREm (before 959) as her second husband, HILDEGONDE, widow of WALFRID, daughter of RAOUL Comte [d´Ivois] & his wife Eva --- (-12 Aug ----).  Hildegonde donated property "le prieuré d'Amel, dans le voisinage de Joudreville" to Saint-Arnoul de Metz in memory of her late son Rodolphe by charter dated 959 which names her husband Comte Odacre[841]

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN im SAARGAU, GRAFEN von SAARBRÜCKEN

 

 

1.         SIGEBERT [I] (-1105 or after).  Heinrich IV King of Germany granted "villam…Wategozingen…in pago Saregowe et in comitatu eiusdem Sigeberti" to "nostro fideli Sigeberto" by charter dated 1080[842].  1105.  Graf im Saargaum ---.  The name of Sigebert's wife is not known.  Graf Sigebert [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)         SIGEBERT [II] (-1130 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Elsass.  Graf von Hohenburg.  Vogt von Rosheim. 

-        GRAFEN von WERD, GRAFEN von RIXINGEN[843]

b)         FRIEDRICH [I] (-before 1135).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Saarbrücken.  "Willelmus comes de Luzzelenburch, Hermanus comes de Caluerlage, Reinoldus comes, Conradus comes, Arnoldus comes, Gerlagus comes, Imeko comes, Gerhardus comes de Heinnersberch, Hermannus comes de Salmena et filius eius, Friderikus comes de Sarebrugge…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Dec 1127 under which Lothar King of Germany granted property in Dreiech to "ministeriali Cuonrado de Hagen…[et] uxori suæ Liuckardi"[844]m as her second husband, GISELA, widow of --- [von Tecklenburg], daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[845], she may have been Gisela de Lorraine, daughter of Thierry II Duke of Lorraine & his second wife Gertrude de Flandre.  The basis for this speculation is not known.  Albero Archbishop of Trier confirmed the donation to Kloster Wadegozingen made by "domina Gisela comitis Friderici de Sarbrucken vidua…cum filio suo Simone" by charter dated 1135[846].  Graf Friedrich [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          SIMON [I] (-1183 or after).  Archbishop of Trier confirmed the donation to Kloster Wadegozingen made by "domina Gisela comitis Friderici de Sarbrucken vidua…cum filio suo Simone" by charter dated 1135[847]Graf von Saarbrücken 1139. 

-         see below

ii)         ADALBERT (-Erfurt 17 Jul 1141, bur Mainz Cathedral).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Provost of Erfurt St Maria 1128.  Archbishop of Mainz 1138. 

iii)        AGNES (-bur Abtei Walburg).  The Urspergensium Chronicon refers to the second wife of "Friedrich I pater ipsius" as "de genere comitum…Zwainbrug et de Sarbrug"[848].  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records the marriage of "Fridericus dux, mortua uxore sua Iuditha" and "Friderici comitis de Sarbruch, fratris Alberti episcopi, filiam Agnetem"[849]m ([1132/33]) as his second wife, FRIEDRICH II “der Einäugige” Duke of Swabia, son of FRIEDRICH I Duke of Swabia [Staufen] & his wife Agnes of Germany (1090-Alzey 4 or 6 Apr 1147, bur Walburg Abbey). 

c)         ADALBERT (-23 Jun 1137).  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising names "Friderici comitis de Sarbruch, fratris Alberti episcopi…" when recording the marriage of his niece[850].  Imperial Chancellor 1105.  Provost of Aachen St Maria 1108.  Provost of Maastricht St Servatius 1109.  Archbishop of Mainz 1111. 

d)         BRUNO (-19 Oct 1123, bur Limburg an der Hardt).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbot of Lorsch.  Bishop of Speyer 1107. 

2.         WINITHER (-after 1088).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbot of Hornbach 1072.  Abbot of Lorsch 1077.  Elekt von Worms 1085.  Monk at Hirsau 1088. 

 

 

SIMON [I] von Saarbrücken, son of FRIEDRICH [I] Graf im Saargau & his wife Gisela --- (-1183 or after).  Archbishop of Trier confirmed the donation to Kloster Wadegozingen made by "domina Gisela comitis Friderici de Sarbrucken vidua…cum filio suo Simone" by charter dated 1135[851]Graf von Saarbrücken 1139.  Advocat of Kloster Disibodenberg:  "Symon comes de Sarbrukken…" witnessed the charter dated 1143 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Kloster Disibodenberg "per manum comitis Simsonis advocati ecclesie sancti Disibodi"[852].  Hillin Bishop of Trier confirmed an exchange of property "in pago Nahgove in archiepiscopatu Moguntino per manum Folmari comitis de Castele et advocati prædictæ curiæ" for property "in Nasove…in pago Logenæ" with the bishop of Worms, represented by "advocati maioris domus Symonis comitis de Sarbruke", adding that "prædictum castrum de Nasove" had been occupied violently by "antecessores Ruberti et Arnoldi de Lurenberg", by charter dated 9 Mar 1158 witnessed by "Symon advocatus maioris domus Wormatiensis ecclesiæ, Folmar comes de Castele, Cunradus comes de Cherberch, Hemico comes de Boimeneburch, Godefridus comes de Spanheim, Gerlacus comes de Veldenze…"[853].  The Annales Sancti Disibodi (Continuatio) records that "castrum Sarebrucha comitis Symonis" was reduced to ruins along with his three other castles on the orders of the emperor in 1168[854]

m MECHTILD, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[855], she may have been Mechtild, daughter of Meinhard Graf von Sponheim, but the basis for this speculation is not know. 

Graf Simon [I] & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.         SIMON [II] (-1207 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Saarbrücken.  "…Brunone preposito s. Marie in Colonia eiusque fratre Euerhardo comite de Seyne, Theoderico comite de Widhe et filio eius Theoderico clerico, Reginhere comite de Froisbrecht, Ulrico comite de Nurberg et eius filio Gerhardo comite de Are, Gerhardo comite de Dietsa, Bertholdo comite de Kazinelelnboge, Ludeuico comite de Spanheim, Simone comite de Sarebrucke, Henrico comite de Kessele…" witnessed the charter dated 1189 under which Philipp Archbishop of Köln granted "castrum Stakelecke et advocatiam in Bacherache" to "palatini comitis Cuonradi…et eius iugali domine Irmentrudi eiusque filie Agneti"[856].  "Comes Simon de Sarbrucken et uxor eius Lutgardis" granted the church of Boekenheim to Kloster Wadegozingen by charter dated 1196[857]m (before 1180) as her first husband, LIUTGARDE von Leiningen, daughter of --- Graf von Leiningen & his wife --- (-1239 or after).  "Comes Simon de Sarbrucken et uxor eius Lutgardis" granted the church of Boekenheim to Kloster Wadegozingen by charter dated 1196[858].  "Hanricus comes de Duobus Pontibus et Albertus S. Paulini in Treviri prepositus et Symon comes de Sarbricken et mater eius Lucardis comitissa" confirmed the donation of land at Putzerburg to Kloster Wadegozingen by charter dated to before 1212[859].  "Lucardis comitissa de Sarbrucken assensu filii mei Simonis comitis" donated property to Kloster Wadegozingen, for the soul of "viri mei bonæ memoriæ Simonis comitis patris supra dicti Simonis et cæterorum liberorum meorum", by charter dated 1218[860].  She married secondly (1220) Lothar Graf zu Wied.  "Cunradis qui dicor Siluester comes" donated part of the churches at Blidendorf and Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, at the request of "Symonis comitis de Sarbrucken et…matris suæ Lukardis comitissæ de Wide", for the soul of "collateralis meæ Giselæ sororis iam dicti comitis Simonis", by charter dated 1220[861].  "Lucardis comitissa de Wide…mater Simonis comitis de Sarbrucken" donated the church of Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen by charter dated 1220[862].  "Luterus comes de Wide et…collateralis mea Lucardis" donated part of the church at Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, at the request of "Symonis Walrami ducis de Lemburg et filiorum eius et domini Henrici comitis Gemini Pontis per manum Simonis comitis de Sarbrucken" by charter dated 1223[863].  "Lukardis comitissa" donated property at Hünerscherre to Kloster Otterburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum", by undated charter, "Symon comes Sarapontis" confirmed the same donation by "domina et mater mea" by undated charter, and Heinrich Bishop of Worms confirmed the same donation by "mater nostra comitissa de Weyden" by charter dated 22 Nov 1233[864].  Graf Simon [II] & his wife had six children: 

a)         SIMON [III] (-[after 22 Nov 1233]).  "Hanricus comes de Duobus Pontibus et Albertus S. Paulini in Treviri prepositus et Symon comes de Sarbricken et mater eius Lucardis comitissa" confirmed the donation of land at Putzerburg to Kloster Wadegozingen by charter dated to before 1212[865]Graf von Saarbrücken.  "Sifridus comes de Liningen, Simon comes de Saraponte…" witnessed the charter dated 1 Apr 1214 under which Friedrich II King of Germany granted protection to the churches of Rodenkirchen and Hagene[866].  "Lucardis comitissa de Sarbrucken assensu filii mei Simonis comitis" donated property to Kloster Wadegozingen, for the soul of "viri mei bonæ memoriæ Simonis comitis patris supra dicti Simonis et cæterorum liberorum meorum", by charter dated 1218[867].  "Simon comes Sarepont et…mater mea Lucardis comitissa in Wide" donated part of the church at Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "ducis cognati mei Walrami et filiorum suorum Henrici et Walrami et Henrici Gemini Pontis comitis patrui mei et…cognati mei Henrici comitis de Castello et…Lutheri comitis de Wide" by charter dated 1223[868].  "Fridericus comes de Liningen" donated his part of the church at Blidersdorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "cognati mei domini Walrami ducis de Limburgh et…fratris mei Symonis comitis de Sarbrucken", by charter dated 1223[869].  "Simon comes Sarepontis" renounced the inheritance of "uxor mea soror domini Mathæi ducis Lotharingiæ et March." in favour of "duci prenominato" by charter dated 20 Sep 1226[870].  The charter dated 31 May 1227, under which the bishop of Metz invested his daughter "Loretæ filiæ…Simonis Sarepontis primogenitæ Sarbruche" with "comitatum Saræpontis et totum feodum quod de me tenet"[871], suggests that Simon [III] had died by that date.  However, his mother "Lukardis comitissa" donated property at Hünerscherre to Kloster Otterburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum", by undated charter, "Symon comes Sarapontis" confirmed the same donation by "domina et mater mea" by undated charter, and Heinrich Bishop of Worms confirmed the same donation by "mater nostra comitissa de Weyden" by charter dated 22 Nov 1233[872].  While the first two of this series of charters are undated, it is likely that the original donation predated the third charter by only a few months at most.  It is possible therefore that Simon [III] resigned his interest, in whole or in part, in the county of Saarbrücken before May 1227 and that he survived several more years.  m ([1215/20]) LAURETTE de Lorraine, daughter of FERRY II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Agnes de Bar ([1195/1200]-after 30 Sep 1226).  "Simon comes Sarepontis" renounced the inheritance of "uxor mea soror domini Mathæi ducis Lotharingiæ et March." in favour of "duci prenominato" by charter dated 20 Sep 1226[873].  Her parentage and marriage are also indicated by a charter dated 8 Oct 1271 which relates that Saarbrücken was the fief of the bishop of Metz, recording that "bone memorie Jacobus quondam Metensis episcopus" (son of Ferry II Duke of Lorraine) had enfeoffed "Lorettam relictam…neptem propriam"[874].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  The date of her marriage is suggested by the estimated marriage date of her oldest daughter.  Graf Simon [III] & his wife had five children: 

i)          DIETRICH (-before 12 May 1227).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m JEANNE d'Aspremont, daughter of --- (-after 1227).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

ii)         LORETTA (-after 13 Nov 1270).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "primogenitus Joffridus” of “Juliana" and "domino Goberto de Asperomonte" married “comitissam Salebruges” but died childless[875].  The bishop of Metz invested "Loretæ filiæ…Simonis Sarepontis primogenitæ Sarbruche" with "comitatum Saræpontis et totum feodum quod de me tenet" by charter dated 31 May 1227[876].  Jean Bishop of Metz confirmed the division of the county of Saarbrücken between "Joffroi mon neveu d´Aspremont et Lorate sa famme fille Simon conte de Salebruche" and "Mahaus et Jehane serors Lorate" by charter dated Apr 1235[877].  Her parentage is indicated by a charter dated 8 Oct 1271 which relates that Saarbrücken was the fief of the bishop of Metz, recording that "bone memorie Jacobus quondam Metensis episcopus" (son of Ferry II Duke of Lorraine) had enfeoffed "Lorettam relictam…neptem propriam"[878].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  Gräfin von Saarbrücken.  "Lorete filie…Simonis comitis Sarepontis primogenite" acknowledged holding "Sarbruche et comitatum Sarepontis" from the bishop of Metz by charter dated 31 May 1227[879]m firstly (before 4 Apr 1235) GEOFFROY [II] Seigneur d'Aspremont et de Dun, son of GOBERT [VI] Seigneur d´Aspremont & his wife Julienne de Rosoy (-Mansurah Jan 1250).  "Jofridus comes Sarepontis et dominus Asperimontis" swore homage to "domini mei Metensis episcopi" by charter dated 11 Feb 1243 (O. S.)[880]Graf von Saarbrückenm secondly (1252) DIETRICH LUF von Kleve Herr von Dinslaken und Wesel, son of DIETRICH [IV] "Nust" Graf von Kleve & his second wife Hedwig von Meissen ([1228]-25 May 1277).  Graf von Saarbrücken 1252. 

iii)        MATHILDE (-30 Aug 1276, bur Besançon Saint-Etienne).  Jean Bishop of Metz confirmed the division of the county of Saarbrücken between "Joffroi mon neveu d´Aspremont et Lorate sa famme fille Simon conte de Salebruche" and "Mahaus et Jehane serors Lorate" by charter dated Apr 1235[881].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   "Mechtildis domina Montis Falconis et vallis Colonie" donated property to "patruus noster…Nuhusensis præpositus" by charter dated 8 Jan 1260[882].  Her parentage and second marriage are indicated by a charter dated 8 Oct 1271 which relates that Saarbrücken was the fief of the bishop of Metz, recording that "bone memorie Jacobus quondam Metensis episcopus" (son of Ferry II Duke of Lorraine) had enfeoffed "Lorettam relictam…neptem propriam" and that, on the death of the latter, "germane dicte Lorete…primogenita domina Mahout domina Montisfalconis" inherited the castle[883]Gräfin von Saarbrückenm firstly SIMON [II] Seigneur de Commercy, son of GAUCHER [I] Seigneur de Commercy & his wife Agnes --- (-[1247/48]).  "Symon comes Sarepontensis et dominus Comerceyo" granted property "de Sinnewilre et de Cincwilre" to "domino Friderico dicto Cosle" by charter dated 23 Jun 1266[884]m secondly (before Dec 1248) AMEDEE Sire de Montfaucon, son of RICHARD [III] de Montfaucon Comte de Montbéliard & his second wife Agnes de Bourgogne [Comté] (-15 Jan 1280, bur Besançon Saint-Etienne).  Sire de Commercy 1256.  Graf von Saarbrücken

iv)       JEANNE (-before 1286).  Jean Bishop of Metz confirmed the division of the county of Saarbrücken between "Joffroi mon neveu d´Aspremont et Lorate sa famme fille Simon conte de Salebruche" and "Mahaus et Jehane serors Lorate" by charter dated Apr 1235[885].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Dame de Thicourt.  m (before 1235) SIMON [V] Sire de Clefmont-en-Bassigny (-[1280]). 

v)        ELISABETH (-1271 or after).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m HUGO [III] Comte de Lunéville (-1283 or after). 

b)         FRIEDRICH (-1237).  "Comes Fridericus de Leiningen…comes Fridericus de Saraponte" witnessed the charter dated 29 Aug 1210 under which Emperor Otto IV confirmed the donation made by "Cunradus comes de Zolre qui et Burggravius de Nurenberg" to the church of Speyer[886].  "Fridericus comes de Liningen" donated his part of the church at Blidersdorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "cognati mei domini Walrami ducis de Limburgh et…fratris mei Symonis comitis de Sarbrucken…mater mea Lucardis", and with the consent of "collateralis meæ et liberorum meorum", by charter dated 1223[887]Graf von Leiningen

-        GRAFEN von LEININGEN

c)         HEINRICH (-12 Sep 1234).  "Lukardis comitissa" donated property at Hünerscherre to Kloster Otterburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum", by undated charter, "Symon comes Sarapontis" confirmed the same donation by "domina et mater mea" by undated charter, and Heinrich Bishop of Worms confirmed the same donation by "mater nostra comitissa de Weyden" by charter dated 22 Nov 1233[888].  Provost of Worms cathedral 1194.  Provost at Wimpfen 1195.  Abbot of Lorsch 1200.  Provost of Neuhausen St Cyriakus 1212.  Bishop of Worms 1217. 

d)         STEPHAN (-[2 Apr 1263/21 Dec 1264]).  Provost of Neuhausen St Cyriakus 1221.  Archdeacon at Worms.  "Stephanus…prepositus in Nuhufa et archidiaconus Wormaciensis" confirmed the donation of the church of Liestorf to Kloster Wadegozingen made by "bone memorie fratris mei comitis Sareponti" by charter dated 1233[889].  "Mechtildis domina Montis Falconis et vallis Colonie" donated property to "patruus noster…Nuhusensis præpositus" by charter dated 8 Jan 1260[890]

e)         GISELA (-1265 or after).  "Cunradis qui dicor Siluester comes" donated part of the churches at Blidendorf and Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, at the request of "Symonis comitis de Sarbrucken et…matris suæ Lukardis comitissæ de Wide", for the soul of "collateralis meæ Giselæ sororis iam dicti comitis Simonis", by charter dated 1220[891].  "Conradus comes Sylvester, Gysela comitissa, Emicho filius eorum" confirmed the donation to Flonheim St Maria made by "Heynrico homine nostro, marite Hepele de Vlanheim" by charter dated 14 Mar 1243[892]m KONRAD [II] Wildgraf, son of GERHARD Wildgraf und Graf von Kyrburg & his wife Agnes von Wittelsbach (-1263 or after). 

f)          AGNES (-1261 or after).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m HEINRICH [I] Raugraf von Neuenbaumburg (-19 Oct 1261, bur Kloster Rosenthal bei Göllheim). 

2.         HEINRICH [I] (-1228).  "…Henricus comes de Spanheim, Henricus comes de Sarbrucken, Gerlacus comes de Veldense, Bertoldus comes de Dietse, Gotfridus comes de Vebing…" witnessed the charter dated 1192 under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed privileges of the church of Mainz[893].  "Simon comes Sarepont et…mater mea Lucardis comitissa in Wide" donated part of the church at Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "ducis cognati mei Walrami et filiorum suorum Henrici et Walrami et Henrici Gemini Ponits comitis patrui mei et…cognati mei Henrici comitis de Castello et…Lutheri comitis de Wide" by charter dated 1223[894].  Graf von Zweibrücken. 

-        GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN

3.         FRIEDRICH (-before 1187).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

4.         GOTTFRIED .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1187.  Canon at Mainz. 

5.         ADALBERT (-1210 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Provost at St Paulin 1160.  Archdeacon at Trier 1173/1189. 

6.         [SOPHIE (-1215 or after).  Philipp Archbishop of Köln confirmed rights of the abbey of Rolduc, at the request of "Dominus Henricus de Lymburg filius Domini Henrici et nepos ducis Walerami…quam uxor eius Domina Sophia et filii eius Henricus et Waleramnus" by charter dated 1178[895].  The parentage of Sophie is not known.  Ernst suggests that she was the daughter of Simon [I] Graf von Saarbrücken, basing this on the introduction of the names Simon and Friedrich into the family of the dukes of Limburg[896].  A close relationship between the two families is shown by the charter dated 1223 under which "Simon comes Sarepont et…mater mea Lucardis comitissa in Wide" donated part of the church at Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "ducis cognati mei Walrami et filiorum suorum Henrici et Walrami et Henrici Gemini Pontis comitis patrui mei et…cognati mei Henrici comitis de Castello et…Lutheri comitis de Wide"[897].  The term cognatus, used in reference to three individuals in this charter, means “stepfather” in the case of Lothar Graf von Wied.  It is suggested that “Henrici comitis de Castello” refers to Heinrich Graf von Bliescastel (no Graf von Castell named Heinrich has been identified at that period), maybe the son of the donor’s paternal aunt.  The chronology suggests that Walran Duke of Limburg could have been the son of another of the donor’s paternal aunts.  "Sophia ducissa de Lenburch" founded an anniversary at Liège cathedral, for the soul of "filii mei Simonis", by undated charter[898]m HENDRIK III Duke of Limburg, of HENDRIK II Duke of Limburg, Comte d'Arlon & his first wife Mathilde von Saffenberg heiress of Rode (-Klosterrath 21 Jun 1221, bur Rode Abbey).] 

7.         [JUTTA (-before 1223).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  A close relationship between the Saarbrücken and Bliescastel families is shown by the charter dated 1223 under which "Simon comes Sarepont et…mater mea Lucardis comitissa in Wide" donated part of the church at Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "ducis cognati mei Walrami et filiorum suorum Henrici et Walrami et Henrici Gemini Pontis comitis patrui mei et…cognati mei Henrici comitis de Castello et…Lutheri comitis de Wide"[899].  The term cognatus, used in reference to three individuals in this charter, means “stepfather” in the case of Lothar Graf von Wied.  It is suggested that “Henrici comitis de Castello” refers to Heinrich Graf von Bliescastel (no Graf von Castell named Heinrich has been identified at that period), maybe the son of the donor’s paternal aunt.  m FOLMAR [II] Graf von Bliescastel, son of FOLMAR [I] Graf von Bliescastel & his wife Clementia von Metz (-before 1223).] 

8.         AGNES (-before 1180).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m as his first wife, GÜNTHER [III] Graf von Käfernburg und Schwarzburg, son of SIZZO [II] Graf von Schwarzburg & his wife Gisela von Berg ([1135]-after 15 Jan 1197). 

 

 

 

C.      GRAFEN von SAARBRÜCKEN (COMMERCY)

 

 

SIMON [III] de Commercy, son of SIMON [II] Seigneur de Commercy & his wife Mathilde von Saarbrücken (-[1307/09]).  Seigneur de Commercy 1248.  Graf von Saarbrücken 1259. 

m firstly MARGUERITE, daughter of --- (-before 1269). 

m secondly (1269) as her second husband, MATHILDE de Sexfontaine, widow of GUILLAUME [II] de Villehardouin Seigneur de Lézinnes, daughter of ---. 

Simon [III] & his first wife had children: 

1.         JOHANN [I] von Saarbrücken (-23 Jan 1341)Graf von Saarbrückenm firstly (before 9 Aug 1309) MATHILDE d´Aspremont, daughter of GOBERT [VII] Seigneur d´Aspremont & his wife --- (-1329).  m secondly (1329) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Grancey, widow of HUGUES de Belleveuvre, daughter of EUDES [V] Sire de Grancey & his wife --- (-after 1340).  Johann [I] & his first wife had children: 

a)         SIMON von Saarbrücken (-1325)m (contract Vienne 22 May 1309, 21 Jun 1309) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Savoie, widow of JEAN de Salins Seigneur de Vignory et de Saint-Dizier, daughter of LOUIS [I] de Savoie Baron de Vaud & his second wife Jeanne de Montfort[-l'Amaury] (-7 Apr 1313, bur Wadgassen).  The contract of marriage between "Gio. di Chalon figlio di Stefano Conte d'Auxerre" and "Margarita figlia primogenita di Ludovico di Savoia Signore di Vaud" is dated Apr 1293[900].  The testament of "Gioanna di Monfort Contessa di Forest Moglie di Ludovico de Savoia Signore di Vaud" dated Nov 1293 makes bequests to "…Margarita, Gioannetta, Beatrice, Eleonora, Cattarina e Bianca pur sue figlie…"[901].  The contract of marriage between "Margarita di Savoia Sorella di Lodovico di Savoia Signore di Vaud Vedova di Gio. di annoiri" and "Simone figlio del Conte Gio. di Salbruc" is dated 21 Jun 1309[902].  Simon & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHANN [II] von Saarbrücken (-[Sep 1380/24 Mar 1381]).  The 29 Mar 1340 testament of Louis [II] de Savoie Baron de Vaud names his nephew Jean de Saarbrucken and his two sisters[903]m GILLETTE de Bar, daughter of PIERRE [I] de Bar Seigneur de Pierrefort & his wife --- (-[22 Apr 1356/27 Sep 1362]). 

(a)       JOHANNA von Saarbrücken (-Oct 1381)Gräfin von Saarbrückenm (1353) as his second wife, JOHANN von Nassau, son of GERLACH [I] Graf von Nassau in Wiesbaden, Idstein and Weilburg & his first wife Agnes von Hessen (1309-Weilburg 20 Sep 1371).  He succeeded in 1355 as Graf von Nassau in Weilburg. 

ii)         MATHILDE von Saarbrücken (-after 1354)m firstly (1334) SIMON [I] Graf von Salm, son of JOHANN [I] Graf von Salm & his wife Jeanne de Joinville (-killed in battle Crécy 26 Jul 1346).  m secondly JOHANN, son of ---. 

iii)        JOHANNA von Saarbrücken (-[1374/76])m (before 1344) GERHARD [VII] Herr von Blankenheim, son of --- (-[1375/14 Feb 1377]). 

iv)       MARGARETA von Saarbrücken ([after 29 Mar 1340]-after 14 Sep 1394).  Her birth date is suggested by the 29 Mar 1340 testament of Louis [II] de Savoie Baron de Vaud which names his nephew Jean de Saarbrucken and his two sisters [presumably referring to Margareta´s sisters Mathilde and Johanna][904]m (before 1365) LOUIS [II] Sire de Cossonay, son of --- (-[19 Sep 1394/12 Apr 1395]). 

b)         JOHANN von Saarbrücken (-1344).  Seigneur de Commercy.  m firstly (before 16 Apr 1331) ALEIDIS, daughter of ---.  m secondly Nov 1335) ALIX de Joinville Dame de Briquenay et de Vénizy, daughter of GUILLAUME de Joinville Seigneur de Briquenay & his wife Beatrix de Vienne (-after 27 Mar 1358). 

-        SEIGNEURS de COMMERCY; COMTES de ROUCY[905].  “Huards de Ruppes chevalier” notified his claim against “Jehan de Sarrebruche signour de Commarcey et monsignour Hanry son freire” for part of Commercy which he claimed belonged to “ma...espouse Jehanne de Vienne de droit ad cause de succession de madame Jehanne de Sarrebruche dame de Bainville et fille monsignour Simon jadiz conte de Sarrebruche, qui morut sires de Commarcey, sa grand meire, qui fuit” by charter dated 4 Aug 1360[906]

c)         AGNES von Saarbrücken (-before 1 Mar 1337)m SIMON [II] Graf von Zweibrücken, son of WALRAM [I] Graf von Zweibrücken & his wife Agnes de Vaudémont (-before 1312). 

d)         MATHILDE von Saarbrücken (-after 1332)m JOHANN [II] Herr von Lichtenberg, son of --- (-before 7 Feb 1327). 

2.         AGNES von Saarbrücken (-after 1304)m (before 27 May 1267) EBERHARD [I] Graf von Zweibrücken, son of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Zweibrücken & his wife Agnes von Eberstein (-[1316/1321]). 

Simon [III] & his second wife had two children: 

3.         LAURETTE von Saarbrücken (-before 1323)m (1302) as his first wife, ANSEAU de Joinville Seigneur de Joinville et de Reynel, son of JEAN Seigneur de Joinville, Sénéchal de Champagne [historian of Louis IX King of France] & his second wife Alix de Reynel (-3 Jan 1343). 

4.         JOHANNA von Saarbrücken (-after Mar 1327).  “Guillaume de Vyenne sire de Montmeret” granted revenue to “messire Jehan de Hassonville chevalier”, after the death of “dame Jehenne de Sarrebruche dame de Benville”, with the consent of “Marguerite de Vauldemont dame de Maison...dame de Montmerret femme dudit Guillaume de Vyenne et fille naturelle de ladicte dame Jehenne Sarebruche dame de Benville”, by charter dated Oct 1322[907].  “Jehanne de Commarcey dame de Baynville” acted as guarantor for “Guillaume de Vyanne mes fils sires de Saint George” in respect of a debt owed to “monseignour Pierre de Bar seignour de Pierrefort” by charter dated Mar 1326 (O.S.)[908].  “Huards de Ruppes chevalier” notified his claim against “Jehan de Sarrebruche signour de Commarcey et monsignour Hanry son freire” for part of Commercy which he claimed belonged to “ma...espouse Jehanne de Vienne de droit ad cause de succession de madame Jehanne de Sarrebruche dame de Bainville et fille monsignour Simon jadiz conte de Sarrebruche, qui morut sires de Commarcey, sa grand meire, qui fuit” by charter dated 4 Aug 1360[909]m (before Jul 1298) JACQUES de Vaudémont Seigneur de Bainville, son of HENRI [I] Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Marguerite de la Roche (-killed in battle Sicily 1299, after 2 Jul). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 15.  COMTES de SAULNOIS

 

 

The county of Saulnois (comitatus Salinensis) was named after the river Seille, a tributary of the river Moselle.  It lay south of the county of Niedgau, east of Charpeigne, west of Saargau and north of Chaumont[910].  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Seline…" to King Ludwig[911].  Vanderkindere associates the county of Saulnois closely with the neighbouring county of Soulosse (comitatus Solocinse), which was located upstream of the source of the river Meuse and named after Soulosse on the Vair, in the arrondissement of Neufchâteau, Vosges. 

 

 

1.         TEUTBERT (-10 Oct, after 966)Comte de Saulnois, based at Destrich near Sarreguemines[912].  “Regimbaldus comes” donated “Maurivillam in comitatu Salnini” to Metz Saint-Arnoul by charter dated 16 Jun 958, signed by "Fredelindæ conjugis eiusdem Regimbaldi, Teutberti comitis, Odacri comitis…"[913].  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed the property rights of the convent of Bouxières by charter dated 2 Jun 965, which recapitulates donations to the convent among which one by "Teutbertus comes" of property "Haveringi villam…in comitatu Hornense" for the burial of "uxoris suæ Iudittæ et oblatione filiæ suæ Rotlindis"[914].  "Fredericus…Lothariensium Dux" confirmed donations of property at Murecourt to Bouxières by charter dated 26 Oct 966, signed by "Teutberti comitis, Lictardi comitis, Widonis comitis…"[915].  "Sigericus cum coniuge mea Betta" founded the abbey of Vergaville "in comitatu Saraburg ubi…Odacher…præesse, in villa Widirgo Deldorf", including donations of property "in comitatu Dextroch ubi Teodebertus præsidet…in comitatu Mortisna ubi Regimboldus præest…", with the consent of "filio nostro Deoderico", by charter dated 966, signed by "Sigerici comitis, Dominæ Bettæ, Odachri comitis…Theotberti comitis…" and sworn by "Lambertus filius ipsorum…ad vicem Cancellarii"[916].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "VI Id Oct" of "Thicbertus comes"[917]m JUDITH, daughter of --- (-10 May ----, before 2 Jun 965).  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed the property rights of the convent of Bouxières by charter dated 2 Jun 965, which recapitulates donations to the convent among which one by "Teutbertus comes" of property "Haveringi villam…in comitatu Hornense" for the burial of "uxoris suæ Iudittæ et oblatione filiæ suæ Rotlindis"[918].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "VI Id Mai" of "Juditha comitissa"[919].  Teutbert & his wife had two children: 

a)         BENOÎT .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Abbot of Saint-Arnoul at Metz[920]

b)         ROTLIND (-before 2 Jun 965).  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed the property rights of the convent of Bouxières by charter dated 2 Jun 965, which recapitulates donations to the convent among which one by "Teutbertus comes" of property "Haveringi villam…in comitatu Hornense" for the burial of "uxoris suæ Iudittæ et oblatione filiæ suæ Rotlindis"[921].  Nun at Bouxières. 

 

2.         BOSO (-after 991).  "Odacker" donated property "in pago Salnensi in comitatu Hosonis ad Destrardo" the abbey of Longeville by charter dated 991, signed by "comitis Odakri, comitis Ymmonis…"[922]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 16.  COMTES de TOUL

 

 

A.      COMTES de TOUL

 

 

The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Tullense aliud Odornense, quod Tetmarus habuit…" to King Charles[923]

 

 

1.         THIETMAR (-after 8 Aug 870).  Comte de Toul.  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Tullense aliud Odornense, quod Tetmarus habuit…" to King Charles[924]

 

2.         HUGUES (-after 1 Nov 891).  Arnulf King of Germany granted property "in pago Tullense in comitatu Hugonis in loco…Pontus" to "presbytero…Eginolf", at the request of "Engilperonis capellani et notarii nostri nec non Alberici vassalli nostri", by charter dated 1 Nov 891[925]

 

3.         EBERHARD (-after 27 Dec 929).  Comte de Toul.  "Heinricus…rex" granted the income from the county of Toul to the bishop of Toul at the request of "Ebarhardi…comitis atque propinqui nostri" by charter dated 28 Dec 927[926].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "Gundolphi villam…in comitatu Tullense" to the bishop of Toul by charter dated 27 Dec 929, which records the presence of "consanguineus noster comes Heberhardus"[927].  This Count Eberhard has not otherwise been identified, nor has his relationship to Heinrich I King of Germany been established. 

 

4.         GUY (-after 26 Oct 966).  Comte de Toul.  Gaucelin Bishop of Toul reformed the abbey of Saint-Evre by charter dated 936 witnessed by "Widonis comitis…"[928].  "Fredericus…Lothariensium Dux" confirmed donations of property at Murecourt to Bouxières by charter dated 26 Oct 966, signed by "Teutberti comitis, Lictardi comitis, Widonis comitis…"[929]

 

5.         SENDEBAUD (-21 Mar after 971).  Comte de Toul.  A charter dated 9 Oct 971 records various donations to the church of Saint-Michel at Toul signed by "Gerardus…Sindebaldi comitis Tullensis…"[930].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "XII Kal Apr" of "Sendebaldus comes qui dedit nobis Mett curtim cum domo Oric"[931]

 

 

1.         INGRANm IMMA, daughter of ---.  Ingran & his wife had [two] children:

a)         [AZZO [Azelin] (-after 982).  As noted below, Azzo is recorded as the brother of Gérard Bishop of Toul.  However, no primary source has been identified which confirms that he was the son of Ingran.  It is possible that Azzo was the uterine brother of Bishop Gérard, born from another marriage of their mother.  Comte de Toul.  The abbot of Gorze ratified acquisitions at “Flammereshem in Wormatie” by charter dated 14 Sep 977, subscribed by “Immonis comitis palatii, Birardi comitis, Alardi comitis, Azzonis comitis, Bozelonis comitis, Folmeri comitis, Hardonis comitis, Hamedei advocate loci[932].  Gérard Bishop of Toul confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Mansuy by charter dated 982 witnessed by "…Azelini comitis Tullensis, fratris domni pontificis…"[933].] 

b)         GERARD ([934/35]-22 Apr 994)Bishop of Toul 963.  The Vita Sancti Gerardi Epicopi records “Gerardus Agrippinensi oriundus regione...patre Ingranno matre Emma[934].  Gérard Bishop of Toul confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Mansuy by charter dated 982 witnessed by "…Azelini comitis Tullensis, fratris domni pontificis…"[935]

 

 

1.         RAIMBAUD (-after 1019).  Comte de Toul.  "Comte Raimbaud" subscribed a charter of Bishop Berthold dated 1019[936].  Udo Bishop of Toul issued a charter dated 1069 relating to the county of Toul which names "antiqui comites…Raimbaldus et Rainaldus major filius eius, atque Rainaldus minor", witnessed by "Gerardi Lothariensium Ducis, Luthulphi comitis, Haymonis comitis, Odelrici de Nanceio…"[937]m ---.  The name of Raimbaud's wife is not known.  Raimbaud & his wife had one child:

a)         RAINARD [I] (-before 14 Jul 1034).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1069 issued by Udo Bishop of Toul relating to the county of Toul which names "antiqui comites…Raimbaldus et Rainaldus major filius eius, atque Rainaldus minor"[938]Comte de Toul.  Brunon Bishop of Toul confirmed the churches possessed by the abbey of Saint-Eure, including "ecclesiam in Tantonis-villa" donated by "vir recordabilis memoriæ Rainardus ex comite in prædicto monasterio monachus factus", by charter dated 14 Jul 1034[939]m ---.  The name of Renier's wife is not known.  Renier [I] & his wife had one child:

i)          RAINARD [II] (-[1051/52]).  Udo Bishop of Toul issued a charter dated 1069 relating to the county of Toul which names "antiqui comites…Raimbaldus et Rainaldus major filius eius, atque Rainaldus minor"[940]. His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1070 under which "Fredericus…civitatis Leucorum comes" confirmed property at Viller-le-ses to the abbey of Saint-Eure, naming "comitibus meis antecessoribus Raimbaldo et Rainaldo majore eiusque filio Rainaldo minore meo socero"[941]Comte de Toul.  "Rainardi comitis […juniore], Conradi comitis…comite Ricuino juniore" witnessed the charter of Brunon Bishop of Toul dated 1043 which confirms the foundation of the priory of Deuilly by "Galterius de Daguliaco cum…conjugis suæ Adilæ", another version of the same document being signed by "Valtheri comitis, Rainardi comitis, Odelrici comitis, alterius Odelrici comitis…"[942].  "Gerardi Ducis, Othonis Marchionis, Ludovici Comitis de Montione, Renaldi Comitis Tullensis, Hamonis de Brixeio, Milonis filii Rodulphi de Gondricurte" witnessed the bull of Pope Leo IX dated 1051 which confirms the church of Saint-Diey[943]m ---.  The name of Renier's wife is not known.  Renier [II] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GERTRUDE de Toul (6 or 7 Aug ----).  Udon Bishop of Toul issued a charter relating to the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville dated 17 Oct 1052 which records that "Fredericus comes" married "filiam Reinardi Tullensis comitis…Gertrudis" from whom she inherited the county[944].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "6 Aug" of "Gertrudis comitissa" and "7 Aug" of "Gertrudis comitissa"[945], one of whom probably refers to Gertrude wife of Comte Frédéric [I] whose own death appears to be recorded in the same source.  m FREDERIC [I] Comte d'Astenois, son of BAUDOUIN & his wife --- (-29 Jan after 1080). 

 

 

1.         ARDULPH (-after 15 Oct 1062).  Comte de Toul.  The dating clause of a charter dated 15 Oct 1062, which records a judgment of Udo Bishop of Toul, states “regnante Henrico IV Rom. Rege, Duce Gerardo, Ardulpho Tullensi comite...[946]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES d'ASTENOIS et de TOUL

 

 

1.         BAUDOUIN (-18 or 19 Nov ----).  The Kalendarium Sanctæ Mariæ Virdunensis records the death "XIII Kal Dec" of "Balduinus comes pater Henrici episcopi"[947].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Dec" of "Balduinus comes"[948]m ---.  The name of Baudouin's wife is not known.  Baudouin & his wife had two children: 

a)         FREDERIC [I] (-29 Jan after 1080).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte d'Astenois.  Comte de Toul.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "Heinricus venerabilis Leodiensium præsul" as brother of "Fredericus comes Tullensis"[949].  "Fredericus…civitatis Leucorum comes" confirmed property at Viller-le-ses to the abbey of Saint-Eure by charter dated 1070, which names "comitibus meis antecessoribus Raimbaldo et Rainaldo majore eiusque filio Rainaldo minore meo socero", signed by "Haimonis comitis, Everardi comitis, Gilberti filii eius…"[950].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "IV Kal Feb" of "Fredericus comes, Leodicensis episcopi frater"[951].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "29 Jan" of "Fridericus comes"[952]m GERTRUDE de Toul, daughter of RAINARD [II] Comte de Toul & his wife --- (6 or 7 Aug ----).  Udon Bishop of Toul issued a charter relating to the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville dated 17 Oct 1052 which records that "Fredericus comes" married "filiam Reinardi Tullensis comitis…Gertrudis" from whom she inherited the county[953].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "6 Aug" of "Gertrudis comitissa" and "7 Aug" of "Gertrudis comitissa"[954], one of whom probably refers to Gertrude wife of Comte Frédéric [I] whose own death appears to be recorded in the same source.  Frédéric [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          RAINARD [III] (-17 or 18 Feb, before [1120]).  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "Rainaldus et Petrus" as sons of "Fredericus comes Tullensis"[955]Comte de Toul.  Pibo Bishop of Toul granted privileges to the monastery of Toul Saint-Léon and named "dux Theodericus et Simon puer eius filius, et frater ducis Gerardus comes et Renardus comes Tillensis" by charter dated 10 Oct 1091[956].  Albert of Aix records that "Godefridus dux regni Lotharingiæ…fraterque eius uterinus Baldewinus, Warnerus de Greis cognatus ipsius Ducis, Baldewinus pariter de Burch, Reinhardus comes de Tul, Petrus…frater ipsius, Dodo de Cons, Henricus de Ascha ac frater illius Godefridus" left for Jerusalem in Aug 1096[957].  Albert of Aix names "…Petrus de Staneis, Renardus de Tul civitate…" among those who took part in the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[958].  Albert of Aix records "Petrus de Stadeneis, Reinardus de Tul frater eius, Warnerus de Greis, Henricus de Ascha, Reinardus de Hamersbach, Walterus de Domedart" as those who guarded Adhémar Bishop of Le Puy into the mountains towards the port of Simeon after finding the holy lance, dated to mid-1098 from the context[959].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XIII Kal Mar" of "Raynardus comes Tullensis"[960].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "18 Feb" of "Renaldus comes"[961]m as her first husband, GISELE de Vaudémont, daughter of GERARD Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Heilwig von Egisheim (-after 1141).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Wanderii Montis Hugonem et sororem eius Gislam" as children of "Gerardum…primus comes Wanderi Montis" & his [second] wife, specifying that Gisela was "comitissa Barri"[962].  Her first marriage is deduced from the same source which records that "comes Raynaldus Barri" became the stepfather of "comitis Frederici Tullensis et fratrum suorum Theoderici et Wedrici" although without naming his wife[963].  It should be noted that these two texts do not establish beyond doubt that the widow of Renier Comte de Toul was also the daughter of Gérard Comte de Vaudémont.  It is therefore not impossible that Comte Renaud married twice, firstly to Gisèle daughter of Comte Gérard, and secondly to the unnamed widow of Comte Rainard.  However, no indication has yet been found in the primary sources to indicate that this is correct.  She married secondly (before [1120]) Renaud I Comte de Bar.  Rainard [III] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       FREDERIC [II] (-18 Jul, 1142 or after).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "comes Raynaldus Barri" became the stepfather of "comitis Frederici Tullensis et fratrum suorum Theoderici et Wedrici" but does not name his wife[964]Comte de Toul.  “Fridericus...Tullensium comes...et uxor mea Hawuidis” confirmed a donation to Tart abbey made by Mathieu Duc de Lorraine by charter dated 1142, witnessed by “...Rainaldus comes Barrensis, Henricus frater comitis Friderici...[965].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XV Kal Aug" of "Fridericus comes Tulensis"[966]m (before mid-1128) HADWIDE de Lorraine, daughter of SIMON I Duke of Lorraine & his wife Adelaide de Louvain (-[27 Jan, 29 Jan or 23 Feb] ----).  “Fridericus...Tullensium comes...et uxor mea Hawuidis” confirmed a donation to Tart abbey made by Mathieu Duc de Lorraine by charter dated 1142, witnessed by “...Rainaldus comes Barrensis, Henricus frater comitis Friderici...[967].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1137.  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "27 Jan" of "Helvydis comitissa", "29 Jan" of "Helvydis comitissa", and "23 Feb" of "Havidis comitissa"[968].  Frédéric [II] & his wife had one child: 

(1)       HENRI [I] (-[1 Jan] [1148/49] or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Toul.  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "1 Jan" of "Henricus et Theodoricus comites"[969]

(b)       HENRI .  “Fridericus...Tullensium comes...et uxor mea Hawuidis” confirmed a donation to Tart abbey made by Mathieu Duc de Lorraine by charter dated 1142, witnessed by “...Rainaldus comes Barrensis, Henricus frater comitis Friderici...[970]m ---.  The name of Henri's wife is not known.  Henri & his wife had one child: 

(1)       RENAUD (-1191).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Dampierre-en-Astenois. 

-         COMTES de DAMPIERRE-en-ASTENOIS[971]

(c)       RAINARD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbot of Morimond.  1138/54. 

ii)         PIERRE (-[13 Jan] after 1096).  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "Rainaldus et Petrus" as sons of "Fredericus comes Tullensis"[972].  William of Tyre names "Petrus comes de Stadeneis, Rainardus comes Tullensis frater eius" as members of the contingent of Baudouin de Boulogne in Asia Minor on the First Crusade[973].  Albert of Aix records that "Godefridus dux regni Lotharingiæ…fraterque eius uterinus Baldewinus, Warnerus de Greis cognatus ipsius Ducis, Baldewinus pariter de Burch, Reinhardus comes de Tul, Petrus…frater ipsius, Dodo de Cons, Henricus de Ascha ac frater illius Godefridus" left for Jerusalem in Aug 1096[974].  Comte de Stenay.  Albert of Aix records "Petrus de Stadeneis, Reinardus de Tul frater eius, Warnerus de Greis, Henricus de Ascha, Reinardus de Hamersbach, Walterus de Domedart" as those who guarded Adhémar Bishop of Le Puy into the mountains towards the port of Simeon after finding the holy lance, dated to mid-1098 from the context[975].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "13 Jan" of "Petrus comes"[976]m HADVIDE, daughter of --- (-[27 Jan, 29 Jan or 23 Feb] ----).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "27 Jan" of "Helvydis comitissa", "29 Jan" of "Helvydis comitissa", and "23 Feb" of "Havidis comitissa"[977]

b)         [HENRI (-31 May 1092).  The primary sources are contradictory regarding the parentage of Henri.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "Heinricus venerabilis Leodiensium præsul" as brother of "Fredericus comes Tullensis"[978].  On the other hand, the Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium names "Heinricum…Virdunensem archidiaconum…filium…Frederici comitis Tullensis"[979].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "Henricus episcopus [Leodiensis]" was "ex una parte cognatus ducis Godefridi"[980], but this relationship has not been identified.  Bishop of Liège 1075.  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records that “dux Bullonil Godefridus” supported the candidature of “Henricum cognatum suum Virdunensem archidiaconum...filium...Frederici comitis Tullensis” to succeed Theodoin as bishop of Liège[981].  Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1091 of "Heinricus Leodicensium episcopus" and the succession of “Otbertus ex clero eiusdem æcclesiæ[982].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the death “pridie Kal Jun” 1091 of Bishop Henri and his burial “Hoii in ecclesia beate Marie[983].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "Pridie Kal Mai" of "Henricus episcopus Leodiensis"[984].] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 17.  COMTES de VAUDEMONT, COMTES de SAINTOIS

 

 

A.      COMTES de SAINTOIS

 

 

The county of Saintois lay south of the county of Toul, east of Soulossois and west of Chaumontois.  It appears to have been closely associated with the county of Soulossois[985].  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum…Suentisium… Solocense…" to King Ludwig[986].  The county of Vaudémont evolved in the southern part of the county of Saintois[987]

 

 

1.         HUGUES (-after 9 Oct 891).  Comte de Saintois.  Arnulf King of Germany donated property "in pago Sagintensi in comitatu Hugonis" to the church of Toul by charter dated 9 Oct 891[988]

 

 

1.         RICHWIN, son of LOUIS [I] & his wife --- ([980/90]-after 1052)Comte de Saintois.  "Rainardi comitis […juniore], Conradi comitis…comite Ricuino juniore" witnessed the charter of Brunon Bishop of Toul dated 1043 which confirms the foundation of the priory of Deuilly by "Galterius de Daguliaco cum…conjugis suæ Adilæ", another version of the same document being signed by "Valtheri comitis, Rainardi comitis, Odelrici comitis, alterius Odelrici comitis…"[989].  "Richuini comitis Segintensis, Haimonis comitis…Everardi de Sorceio…Gosberti de Asperomonte…Wiselonis fratris Theoderici Virdunensis episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1052 under which Udon Bishop of Toul regulated the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville[990]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de VAUDEMONT (1)

 

 

GERARD de Lorraine, son of GERARD Duke of Upper Lorraine & his wife Hadwide --- (-1108, bur Belval).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gerardum…primus comes Wanderi Montis" as son of "Gerardus de Alsatia dux Mosellanorum"[991].  He opposed his brother's sole succession in 1071, waged war for two years, the dispute being settled when his brother ceded him the Saintois and other territories, which became the county of Vaudémont, 14 Apr 1073.  Comte de Vaudémont.  He constructed the fortresses of Deuilly and Châtel-sur-Moselle[992].  Pibo Bishop of Toul granted privileges to the monastery of Toul Saint-Léon and named "dux Theodericus et Simon puer eius filius, et frater ducis Gerardus comes et Renardus comes Tillensis" by charter dated 10 Oct 1091[993].  He founded the Priory of Belval 1097.  Vogt of Lure. 

m firstly ALBERADE, daughter of --- (-12 Aug ----).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

m secondly ([1080]) HEILWIG von Egisheim, daughter of GERHARD [II] Graf von Egisheim & his wife Richarda --- (-29 Jan before 1126, bur Belval).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "Gerardum…primus comes Wanderi Montis" as "filiam comitis de Daburc, neptem sancti Leonis papa" but does not name her or her father[994].  “Helwigis comitissa, filia comitis Gerhardi de castro Egensheim…cum filiis ambobus laycis Hugone maiore et minore Udalrico” donated property to the church of Strasbourg by charter dated 1118[995]

Gérard & his second wife had six children:

1.         HUGUES de Vaudémont (-4 Feb 1155, bur Priory of Belval, near Portieux, Vosges).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Wanderii Montis Hugonem et sororem eius Gislam" as children of "Gerardum…primus comes Wanderi Montis" & his [second] wife[996].  He succeeded his father in 1108 as Comte de Vaudémont

-        see below.

2.         ULRIC de Vaudémont (-1143, bur Belval).  “Helwigis comitissa, filia comitis Gerhardi de castro Egensheim…cum filiis ambobus laycis Hugone maiore et minore Udalrico” donated property to the church of Strasbourg by charter dated 1118[997].  Graf von Egisheim 1125.

3.         JUDITH de Vaudémont (-[23 Mar 1161/64]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Remiremont 1114.  Abbess of Saint Pierre in Metz 1139.

4.         ETIENNETTE de Vaudémont (-[4 Dec 1160/1188], bur Oelenberg).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The Necrology of Basel records the death "II Non Dec" of "Stehania comitissa" and her burial "in Oelenberg"[998]m as his second wife, FREDERIC I Comte de Ferrette, son of THIERRY de Mousson & his wife Ermentrude de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1174/78]-19 Jul [1160], bur Oelenberg).

5.         GISELE de Vaudémont (-26 Dec after 1141, bur Saint-Mihiel).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Wanderii Montis Hugonem et sororem eius Gislam" as children of "Gerardum…primus comes Wanderi Montis" & his [second] wife, specifying that Gisela was "comitissa Barri"[999].  Her first marriage is deduced from the same source which records that "comes Raynaldus Barri" became the stepfather of "comitis Frederici Tullensis et fratrum suorum Theoderici et Wedrici" although without naming his wife[1000].  It should be noted that these two texts do not establish beyond doubt that the widow of Renier Comte de Toul was also the daughter of Gérard Comte de Vaudémont.  It is therefore not impossible that Comte Renaud married twice, firstly to Gisèle daughter of Comte Gérard, and secondly to the unnamed widow of Comte Renier.  However, no indication has yet been found in the primary sources to indicate that this is correct.  m firstly RAINARD [III] Comte de Toul, son of FREDERIC [I] Comte d'Astenois et de Toul & his wife Gertrude de Toul (-[1116/20]).  m secondly ([1120]) as his second wife, RENAUD I Comte de Bar et de Mousson, son of THIERRY de Mousson & his wife Ermentrude de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1175/77]-on ship in the Mediterranean 10 Mar 1149).

6.         HARA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Canoness [1125/51].  Abbess of Bouxières.

 

 

HUGUES [I] de Vaudémont, son of GERARD [I] de Lorraine Comte de Vaudémont & his second wife Heilwig von Egisheim (-4 Feb 1155, bur Priory of Belval, near Portieux, Vosges).  The Liber Memoriales of Remiremont records the donation of "comes Hugo de Wadoni monte concedente uxore sua" made "pro anima…patris sui comitis Ierardi"[1001].  He succeeded his father in 1108 as Comte de Vaudémont.  “Helwigis comitissa, filia comitis Gerhardi de castro Egensheim…cum filiis ambobus laycis Hugone maiore et minore Udalrico” donated property to the church of Strasbourg by charter dated 1118[1002].  Vogt of Lure.  “Hugonis comitis Vaudemontani” donated “piscationem ad Saxeium” to Toul, with the consent of “Aigelinæ coniugis suæ et Gerardi filii”, by undated charter[1003].  Henri Bishop of Toul confirmed rights of the abbey of Flabemont "per manum nostram comes Hugo de Wademont et uxor eius comitissa Adelina" by charter dated 1140[1004].  He participated in the Second Crusade 1147-1149 led by Louis VII King of France.  “Hugonis comitis Wadonis-montis” donated land “Hundeseise” to the church of Beaupré, with the consent of “uxoris suæ ac filiorum Gerardi et Ulrici”, by undated charter[1005].  He founded l'Abbaye de Ferrières, and in 1140 l'Abbaye Flabémont. 

m  ([1130]) AIGELINE [Aline] de Bourgogne, daughter of HUGUES II "Borel" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Mathilde de Mayenne ([1116]-after 1167).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to, but does not name, one of the sisters (named second in the list of sisters) of "Lingones…episcopus Galterus [et] episcopum Eduensem Henricum" as "mater comitis Gerardi, filii Hugonis de Wandanimonte"[1006].  “Hugonis comitis Vaudemontani” donated “piscationem ad Saxeium” to Toul, with the consent of “Aigelinæ coniugis suæ et Gerardi filii”, by undated charter[1007].   Henri Bishop of Toul confirmed rights of the abbey of Flabemont "per manum nostram comes Hugo de Wademont et uxor eius comitissa Adelina" by charter dated 1140[1008]

Comte Hugues [I] & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         GERARD [II] (-1188, bur Morimond).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to, but does not name, one of the sisters (named second in the list of sisters) of "Lingones…episcopus Galterus [et] episcopum Eduensem Henricum" as "mater comitis Gerardi, filii Hugonis de Wandanimonte"[1009].  “Hugonis comitis Vaudemontani” donated “piscationem ad Saxeium” to Toul, with the consent of “Aigelinæ coniugis suæ et Gerardi filii”, by undated charter[1010].  “Hugonis comitis Wadonis-montis” donated land “Hundeseise” to the church of Beaupré, with the consent of “uxoris suæ ac filiorum Gerardi et Ulrici”, by undated charter[1011].  He succeeded his father in 1155 as Comte de Vaudémont.  Pierre Bishop of Toul confirmed the donation of “le lieu de Tontigny auparavant appartenant à l’héritage de Morivlle...” made to Flabémont by “conte Gerard de Vauldemont”, with the consent of “Gertrude sa femme et de Hugues son filz et autres leurs héritiers...et de Odon son frère archidiacre” by charter dated 1172[1012].  “Gerardi comitis Wadanimontis” donated property to the church of Beaupré, with the consent of “fratris sui Odonis Tullensis archidiaconi”, by charter dated 1186[1013]m firstly ([1157/61]) GERTRUDE de Joinville, daughter of GEOFFROI [III] Seigneur de Joinville & his wife Félicité de Brienne (-1181 or after).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Gaufridum, Vaslerum et Gertrudem" as children of "Gaufridum Grossum" & his wife, specifying that Gertrude was mother of "comitis Hugonis Wandanimontis"[1014].  "Gaufridus Jovisville dominus, comitis Henrici senescaldus" donated property to Chapelle-aux-Planches by charter dated 1157 in which he names "pater meus Rogerus…Felicitate uxore mea et filio meo Gaufrido, filia quoque Gertrude"[1015].  The bishop of Toul confirmed the act by which "Geoffroy seigneur de Joinville", with the agreement of "Geoffroy son fils et de la comtesse de Vaudémont sa fille", founded the abbey of Ecurey, by charter dated 1168[1016].  Pierre Bishop of Toul confirmed the donation of “le lieu de Tontigny auparavant appartenant à l’héritage de Morivlle...” made to Flabémont by “conte Gerard de Vauldemont”, with the consent of “Gertrude sa femme et de Hugues son filz et autres leurs héritiers...et de Odon son frère archidiacre” by charter dated 1172[1017]m secondly (before 1187) HUMBELINE de Vandeuvre, widow of BARTHELEMY [II] Sire de Nogent-en-Bassigny, daughter of HILDUIN de Vandeuvre & his wife [Oda ---] (-19 Jun after 1205).  Gérard [II] & his first wife had children: 

a)         HEDWIDE de Vaudémont (-).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m as his first wife, LIEBAUD [III] Seigneur de Bauffremont, son of HUGUES [II] Seigneur de Bauffremont & his wife Hawide de Bourlémont (-after 1226).   

b)         HUGUES [II] (-20 Apr or 4 May [1241/42], bur Belval).  Pierre Bishop of Toul confirmed the donation of “le lieu de Tontigny auparavant appartenant à l’héritage de Morivlle...” made to Flabémont by “conte Gerard de Vauldemont”, with the consent of “Gertrude sa femme et de Hugues son filz et autres leurs héritiers...et de Odon son frère archidiacre” by charter dated 1172[1018]Comte de Vaudémontm ([1188/90]) HADWIDE de Reynel Dame de Gondrecourt, daughter of GUYARD Seigneur de Reynel & his wife Emmeline Dame de Gondrecourt (-before Jul 1238). 

i)          HUGUES [III] (-20 Apr or 4 May 1243)Comte de Vaudémont

-         see below

c)         GEOFFROY (-after 1239).  Seigneur de Deuilly.  m firstly ([1196]) as her second husband, BEATRIX de Champlitte, widow of SIMON [III] Comte de Cléfmont, daughter of EUDES Seigneur de Champlitte & his wife --- (-before 1217).  m secondly HELVIDE, daughter of ---.  1222.  m thirdly (before Dec 1226) as her second husband, ELEONORE, widow of MILON Sire d´Ervy, widow of --- (-after 1233). 

-        SEIGNEURS de DEUILLY[1019]

d)         GERARD de Vaudémont (-1219).  Canon at Toul.  Archdeacon and thesaurarius of Toul.  Primicerius of Metz.  Bishop of Toul 1218.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1219 of “Gerardus Metensis primicerius frater comitis Hugonis de Waudani Monte, in episcopum Tullensem electus” and the succession of “cantor Odo” as bishop[1020]

2.         OLRY (-[1166]).  “Hugonis comitis Wadonis-montis” donated land “Hundeseise” to the church of Beaupré, with the consent of “uxoris suæ ac filiorum Gerardi et Ulrici”, by undated charter[1021].  Seigneur de Deuilly.  m (before 1163) as her first husband, AGNES d'Aigremont, daughter of RENIER [I] Sire d'Aigremont.  She married secondly Ulrich de Neuviller Sire d'Aigremont. 

3.         ODO (-23 or 27 Nov 1198, bur Toul Cathedral).  Pierre Bishop of Toul confirmed the donation of “le lieu de Tontigny auparavant appartenant à l’héritage de Morivlle...” made to Flabémont by “conte Gerard de Vauldemont”, with the consent of “Gertrude sa femme et de Hugues son filz et autres leurs héritiers...et de Odon son frère archidiacre” by charter dated 1172[1022].  “Gerardi comitis Wadanimontis” donated property to the church of Beaupré, with the consent of “fratris sui Odonis Tullensis archidiaconi”, by charter dated 1186[1023]Bishop of Toul 1192.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1192 the appointment of "apud Tullum...Odo episcopus frater comitis Gerardi de Wandanimonte"[1024]

4.         REINALD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  [1150]/1180. 

5.         HUGUES .  “Frater Hugo frater comitis Wadanimontis...et frater eius Gerardus comes cum eo” negotiated “de Templo...ad castellum super Mosellum”, by undated charter[1025].  "Mathæus Lotharingorum dux et marchio...et uxor mea Bertha" founded the abbey of l´Etanche near Neuf-château by charter dated 5 Dec 1148, witnessed by “Theodoricus comes Terre, Godefridus filius eius, Johannes frater ducis, Hugo filius comitis Vademontis...[1026].  1147/1167.  Teutonic Knight. 

6.         [AGNES (-2 Jun ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Remiremont.] 

 

 

HUGUES [III] de Vaudémont, son of HUGUES [II] Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Hadwide de Reynel (-20 Apr or 4 May 1243)

m as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Bar, daughter of THIBAUT I Comte de Bar & his third wife Ermesinde de Luxembourg (-before Jul 1270).  She married secondly (before Feb 1245) Henri de Dampierre-en-Astenois Seigneur de Bois. 

Hugues [III] & his wife had children: 

1.         HENRI [I] (-Italy [1 May/10 Jul] 1278)m (before 11 Feb 1252) MARGUERITE de la Roche, daughter of GUY I Duke of Athens & his wife --- (-after 1293).  Henri [I] & his wife had children: 

a)         RENAUD (-[Jan/Mar] 1279). 

b)         HENRI [II] (-killed in battle 1299)m (before Jul 1284) as her first husband, HELISENDE de Vergy, daughter of JEAN [I] de Vergy Seigneur de Mirebeau et de Fouvent & his wife Marguerite de Noyers (-before Aug 1312).  She married secondly (1301) as his second wife, Gaucher [V] de Châtillon Comte de Porcien"Gauchiers de Chasteillon cuens de Porcien et connestaubles de France" acknowledged the obligation to pay “Gautier Conte de Brene et de Lyche” for the marriage of “Jehanne sa femme nostre...fille” by letter dated Apr 1307, which also refers to his own marriage contract with “Helissan de Vergy Comtesse de Porcien et de Vaudemont[1027]Henri [II] & his wife had children: 

i)          HENRI [III] (-[30 Aug 1347/21 Jan 1348], bur Vaudémont)m (Feb 1306) as her third husband, ISABELLE de Lorraine, widow LUDWIG of Bavaria, daughter of FERRY III Duke of Lorraine & his wife Marguerite de Champagne Infanta de Navarra (1272-11 May 1335, bur Vaudémont).  Henri [III] & his wife had two children: 

(1)       HENRI (-killed in battle Crécy 26 Aug 1346). 

(2)       MARGUERITE (-before 26 Dec 1347, bur Joinville)m ([5/27] Jul 1323) as his second wife, ANSEAU Seigneur de Joinville, son of JEAN Seigneur de Joinville, Sénéchal de Champagne & his second wife Alix de Reynel (-3 Jan [1342/43], bur Saint-Laurent de Joinville). 

ii)         MARGUERITE (-before 1336)m firstly (1301) as his second wife, JEAN de Joinville Seigneur d´Ancerville, son of JEAN Seigneur de Joinville & his first wife Alix de Grandpré (18 Apr 1248-after 1304).  m secondly (before 1318) ERARD [II] de Châtillon Seigneur de Nanteuil-la-Fosse, son of --- (-after 1336). 

c)         JACQUES (-killed in battle Sicily 1299, after 2 Jul).  Seigneur de Bainville.  m (before Jul 1298) JOHANNA von Saarbrücken, daughter of SIMON [III] de Commercy Graf von Saarbrücken & his second wife Mathilde de Sexfontaines (-after Mar 1327).  “Guillaume de Vyenne sire de Montmeret” granted revenue to “messire Jehan de Hassonville chevalier”, after the death of “dame Jehenne de Sarrebruche dame de Benville”, with the consent of “Marguerite de Vauldemont dame de Maison...dame de Montmerret femme dudit Guillaume de Vyenne et fille naturelle de ladicte dame Jehenne Sarebruche dame de Benville”, by charter dated Oct 1322[1028].  “Jehanne de Commarcey dame de Baynville” acted as guarantor for “Guillaume de Vyanne mes fils sires de Saint George” in respect of a debt owed to “monseignour Pierre de Bar seignour de Pierrefort” by charter dated Mar 1326 (O.S.)[1029].  Jacques & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARGUERITE (-[1344/45]).  “Guillaume de Vyenne sire de Montmeret” granted revenue to “messire Jehan de Hassonville chevalier”, after the death of “dame Jehenne de Sarrebruche dame de Benville”, with the consent of “Marguerite de Vauldemont dame de Maison...dame de Montmerret femme dudit Guillaume de Vyenne et fille naturelle de ladicte dame Jehenne Sarebruche dame de Benville”, by charter dated Oct 1322[1030].  “Huards de Ruppes chevalier” notified his claim against “Jehan de Sarrebruche signour de Commarcey et monsignour Hanry son freire” for part of Commercy which he claimed belonged to “ma...espouse Jehanne de Vienne de droit ad cause de succession de madame Jehanne de Sarrebruche dame de Bainville et fille monsignour Simon jadiz conte de Sarrebruche, qui morut sires de Commarcey, sa grand meire, qui fuit” by charter dated 4 Aug 1360[1031]m firstly JOHANN von Salm, son of --- (-killed in battle Frouard 8 Nov 1313).  m secondly (before 7 Dec 1319) GUILLAUME de Vienne Seigneur de Longvy et de Bettingen (-[1344/45]). 

d)         GUY (-killed in battle 1299)m (after 20 Sep 1284) as her second husband, PERNELLE de Milly, widow of ETIENNE [III] de Sancerre Seigneur de Saint-Brisson et de Châtillon-sur-Loing, daughter of GEOFFROY Seigneur de Milly, Seneschal of the kingdom of Naples & his second wife Eléonore --- (-before 1335).  She married thirdly ([1304]) as his second wife, Philippe de Flandre Conte di Teano. 

e)         MARGUERITE .  m (1271) TOMMASO Sanseverino, son of TOMMASO Sanseverino Conte di Marsico & his wife ---. 

2.         AGNES (-1282, bur Werschweiler)m WALRAM [I] Graf von Zweibrücken, son of --- (-[18/22] Jan 1309). 

3.         MARIE (-after [1286/91]).  m DIETRICH [I] Herr von Schönberg im Oisling (-[18 Oct 1290/Feb 1291]). 

4.         MARGUERITE m HENRI de Grandpré Seigneur de Hans, son of --- (-after 1315). 

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de VAUDEMONT (2)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise shown below. 

 

 

FERRY de Lorraine, son of JEAN I Duke of Lorraine & his wife Sophie von Württemberg ([1370]-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415, bur Joinville)Seigneur de Rumigny, de Boves et d'Aubenton 1391.  Comte de Vaudémont 1394. 

m ([4 Jun/19 Jul] 1393) as her third husband, MARGUERITE de Joinville heiress of Vaudémont and Joinville, widow firstly of JEAN de Bourgogne Sire de Montaigu [Capet] and secondly of PIERRE Comte de Genève, daughter of HENRI Sire de Joinville & his wife Marie de Luxembourg ([1354]-28 Apr 1417, bur Joinville). 

Comte Ferry & his wife had three children: 

1.         ANTOINE de Vaudémont ([1400]-22 Mar 1458, bur Vaudémont)He succeeded his father in 1415 as Comte de Vaudémont, Baron de Joinville, Seigneur de Rumigny, de Boves et de Florennes.  He disputed the succession of René d'Anjou in 1431, claiming Lorraine himself.  He declared war on René 14 Apr 1431 and, with support from Burgundy, defeated him at Bulgnéville 2 Jul 1431.  René and Antoine agreed the marriage of their children at Brussels 13 Feb 1433 to end their dispute.  Emperor Sigismund confirmed René's rights by Imperial judgment at Basel 24 Apr 1434.  Antoine de Vaudémont formally abandoned his claims at Reims 27 Mar 1441.  m (12 Aug 1416) MARIE d'Harcourt Ctss d'Aumâle, daughter of JEAN VII Comte d'Harcourt & his wife Marie d´Alençon [Capet-Valois] (7 Sep 1398-29 Apr 1476).  Comte Antoine & his wife had five children: 

a)         FERRY de Vaudémont (1417-Joinville 31 Aug 1470, bur Joinville Saint-Laurent).  Seigneur de Lambesc, de Suse et de Verbenne 1453.  Governor of Bar 1456.  Lieutenant General in the Sicilian army.  m (promise of marriage 13 Feb 1433, contract Bar-le-Duc 1 Jul 1433, Nancy 1445) YOLANDE d'Anjou, daughter of RENÉ Duc d'Anjou Duke of Lorraine Titular King of Sicily and Jerusalem & his first wife Isabelle de Lorraine (Bar-le-Duc, Meuse 2 Nov 1428-Nancy 23 Feb 1484, bur Joinville Saint-Laurent).  She took the title Dss of Lorraine 1473 on the death of her nephew, bur she abdicated at Vézelise 11 Aug 1473 in favour of her son René.  She called herself Queen of Jerusalem, Sicily and Aragon after the death of her father.  Comte Ferry & his wife had six children: 

i)          RENÉ (Angers 2 May 1451-10 Dec 1508, bur Nancy, église des Franciscains).  He succeeded 11 Aug 1473 as RENE II Duke of Lorraine.  Captain of Angers, Seneschal and Governor of Anjou 1473.  Duc de Bar et Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson, Baron de Joinville, Comte de Vaudémont, d'Harcourt et de Guise 1480.  He claimed to be Titular King of Sicily and Jerusalem.  m (9 Sep 1471, divorced 1475) JEANNE d´Harcourt, daughter of GUILLAUME d´Harcourt Comte de Tancarville & his second wife Yolande de Laval (-8 Nov 1488). 

-         DUKES of LORRAINE.  

ii)         NICOLAS (-[1476]).  Seigneur de Joinville et de Bauffremont.

iii)        PIERRE (-1451).

iv)       JEANNE (1458-Aix-en-Provence 25 Jan 1480, bur Aix-en-Provence, Saint-Jacques)m (contract Troyes, Aube 21 Jan 1474) CHARLES d'Anjou Comte du Maine et de Guise, son of CHARLES d'Anjou Comte du Maine & his [second] wife Isabelle de Luxembourg (-Marseille 11 Dec 1481, bur Aix-en-Provence église de Saint-Sauveur).  Duca di Calabria when his uncle René appointed him his heir 22 Jul 1474.  He succeeded his uncle in 1480 as Titular King of Sicily, Jerusalem and Aragon, Comte de Provence et de Forcalquier. 

v)        MARGUERITE (1463-Argentan [1/2] Nov 1521, bur Alençon, église de Notre-Dame).  Nun, later Abbess, at the convent of Sainte-Claire, Argentan (which she founded in [1500]) 11 Aug 1520.  Beatified 15 Mar 1921.  m (Toul 14 May 1488) RENE Duc d'Alençon, son of JEAN II “le Bon” Duc d’Alençon & his second wife Jeanne d'Armagnac ([1454]-Château d’Alençon 1 Nov 1492, bur Alençon, église de Notre-Dame).

vi)       YOLANDE (-21 May 1500, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche)m (Kassel 5/13 Nov 1497) as his first wife, WILHELM II "der Mittlere" Landgraf von Hessen, son of LUDWIG IV "der Freimütige" Landgraf zu Hessen & his wife Mechtild von Württemberg (29 Apr 1469-Kassel 11 Jul 1509, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).

b)         JEAN (-1473).  Comte d'Harcourt et d'Aumâle, Seigneur de la Ferté-Bernard 1448.  Marshall of Normandy 1465/66.  Captain of Angers 1469.  Governor of Anjou. 

c)         HENRI (-Château de Joinville 2 Oct 1505, bur Château de Joinville).  Canon at Toul and Metz 1443.  Bishop of Thérouanne 1447.  Bishop of Metz 1484-1505. 

d)         MARGUERITE (-after 15 Sep 1477[1032])m (contract Amiens 5 Oct 1432) ANTOINE [I] de Croÿ "le Grand" Comte de Porcien (-1475). 

e)         MARIE (-23 Apr 1455)m (16 Nov 1450) as his second wife, ALAIN [IX] Vicomte de Rohan, son of ALAIN [VIII] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Beatrix de Clisson (-20 Mar 1462, bur Abbey de Bonrepos).

Comte Antoine had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

f)          JEAN bâtard de Vaudémont (-Etain 1 Oct 1509).  Lieutenant General in the Venetian army 1483.  Legitimated 20 May 1488.  Seigneur de Damvillers 1488.  Seigneur de Florennes et de Pesche 1494.  m (before 12 Apr 1498) JEANNE van der Marck, cousin of ROBERT van der Marck Seigneur de Sedan.  Jean & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          CLAUDE de Vaudémont (-before 22 Jun 1557).  Seigneur de Florennes et de Pesche.  m ANNE de Liocourt, daughter of GEORGES de Liocourt Seigneur de Brouaines & Claude d'Oriocourt (-after Dec 1560).  Claude & his wife had two children: 

(a)        RENÉEm JEAN de Glymes .

(b)        BARBEm (before 26 Feb 1559) HENDRIK van Ghoor Seigneur d'Andrimont, Baron de Pesche (-before 22 Jun 1577).

ii)         PHILIPPEm JEAN d'Issoncourt .  1500. 

iii)        [JEAN (-15 Jun 1541).  Prior at Amel before 1535.]  Jean had three illegitimate children by MARIETTE, wife of FRANÇOIS Lallemant. 

(a)        MARIE Lallemant .  Legitimated 9 Sep 1568. 

(b)        CATHERINE Lallemant .  Legitimated 9 Sep 1568. 

(c)        FRANÇOISE Lallemant .  Legitimated 9 Sep 1568. 

Jean had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

iv)        FERRY bâtard de Vaudémont .  1491.

Comte Antoine had one illegitimate child by ISABEAU de Saint-Belin, daughter of ---: 

g)         PIERRETTE de Saint-Belin (-after 9 Oct 1509).  m FRANÇOIS Contant Seigneur de Moranville (-after 9 Oct 1509).

2.         ISABELLE ([1397]-Saarbrücken 17 Jan 1456, bur St Arnual)m (contract Vézelise 8 May 1412) PHILIPP I Graf von Nassau und Saarbrücken (-Wiesbaden 2 Jul 1429). 

3.         MARGUERITE (-after 6 Apr 1469[1033])m ([1415]) THIBAUT [II] Comte de Blamont (-[Aug/2 Sep] 1431).

 

 

 

 

Chapter 18.  COMTES de VERDUN

 

 

A.      COMTES de VERDUN [890]-[960]

 

 

The county of Verdun existed at least from the late 9th century.  The division of Lotharingian territories agreed 8 Aug 870 between Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and his half-brother Charles II " le Chauve" King of the West Franks allocated "…comitatum… Viridunense…" to King Charles[1034], and Richwin is recorded as comte in Verdun in a charter dated 895[1035].  The county of Verdun was transferred to the bishop of Verdun.  A charter dated 17 Aug 1156 of Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" indicates that the transfer took place during the reign of Emperor Otto III[1036].  However, a charter of Heimo Bishop of Verdun dated 1020 names "domni Frederici…comes nostre civitatis"[1037], which suggests that the transfer must have been progressive, at least that Friedrich remained as count of the town of Verdun under the overall administration of the bishop.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that Rambert Bishop of Verdun appointed "comitem Chisneiensem Ludovicum, filium Ottonis comitis" as count of the town of Verdun, presumably after the resignation of Friedrich, but that Gozelon Duke of Lower Lotharingia (brother of Friedrich) invaded the town with Baudouin Count of Flanders and murdered Louis[1038]

 

 

1.         RICHWIN [Richizo] (-murdered 923)Comte [de Verdun].  King Zwentibold donated property "in pago Uirdunensi in comitatu Rihuuini atque in pago Scarmis in comitatu Irenfridi capellam…Acei" to the monks of St Mihiel by charter dated 14 Aug 895[1039].  "Zuendeboldus…rex" donated property to the church of Trier by charter dated 23 Jan 899 which names "Richquinus et Widiacus…comites nostri"[1040].  Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks issued a charter dated 11 Jun 913 which names "Richuinus comes"[1041].  King Charles III confirmed a donation to Verdun St Michael, at the request of "comite Ricunio atque Erlebodo", by charter dated 24 Nov 915[1042].  King Charles III restored Kloster Susteren to the abbey of Prüm by charter dated 19 Jan 916 which names "fidelium nostrorum…Widricus comes palatii, Richuuinus comes, Gislebertus, Matfridus, Beringerius comites, Theodericus comes, Reinherus comes, Erleboldus"[1043].  “Riquinus...comes et abba ex monasterio sancti Petri Apostolorum principis Metensi ecclesia” granted property of the abbey “in comitatu Sarpontensi in villa...Campels” to “Remdendis Deo sacrata et Theilalfus filius suus” by charter dated 1 Feb 918, subscribed by “Hugo comes...[1044].  Flodoard records in 921 that "Ricuni infidelis" opposed Charles III “le Simple” King of the West Franks “in regnum Lotharii[1045].  Flodoard records that "Boso filius Richardi" killed "Ricuinum" in 923[1046]m firstly ---, daughter of ENGUERRAND & his wife Friderada ---.  Regino names "Friderada" as wife of "Engilrammo ex qua filiam quam postmodem Richwinus comes in coniugem accepti"[1047].  In the same passage, Regino also records that Richwin ordered the beheading of his first wife for her unchastity.  m secondly ([916/19] or after) as her second husband, CUNIGONDE, widow of WIGERICH [III], daughter of --- & his wife Ermentrud --- ([895]-after [930/40]).  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the charter dated to [915] under which Charles III “le Simple” King of the West Franks donated the abbeys of Hastières and Saint-Rombaut to Liège Saint-Lambert, granting the enjoyment for life to "comes Windricus...uxoris eius...Cunegundis et unius filiorum ipsorum...nostri nepotis Adelberonis"[1048].  Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the Vita Iohannis Gorziensis which names "episcopo…Adalberone" (her son by her first husband) and "vitrico…eius Richizone" (her second husband)[1049].  She probably married thirdly ---.  Her parentage is confirmed more specifically because the mother of Siegfried Count of Luxembourg is named "Cynigund", daughter of "Irmindrud" daughter of Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, in an 11th century genealogy which traces the ancestry of Siegfried's daughter Empress Kunigunde[1050].  The family relationship between Count Siegfried and the descendants of Wigerich [III] is confirmed by a reference in one of Gerbert's letters to Siegfried being patruus of the Wigerich's grandson Gozelo[1051].  However, Siegfried´s birth is estimated to [930/40] which indicates that he could not have been the son either of Wigerich or Cunigonde's second husband Richwin.  The only explanation which is consistent with all the sources is that Cunigonde married for a third time after the death of her second husband and that she was the mother of Siegfried by her third marriage.  Comte Richwin & his [first/second] wife had one child:

a)         OTTO (-943).  Widukind names "præfciensque regioni Lothariorum Oddonem, Ricwinus filium, et ut nepotem suum filium Isilberhti, optimæ pulata est coniugio"[1052].  He was installed as OTTO joint Duke of Lotharingia in 940.  "Otto…rex" granted property "Nordbelt in villa…Mangunile in comitatu Sointinse" to "viro Volguuin" at the request of "Ottonis ducis" by charter dated 17 Nov 942[1053]Regino records the death in 943 of "Otto dux"[1054]

 

 

1.         RAOUL [Rudolf] [II], son of RAOUL [I] Comte d'Ivois & his wife Eva --- (-[960/65]).  "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property "res…meæ…in pago et in comitatu Virdunensi…Geldulfi villa" for the souls of "senioris mei Wigfridi episcopi et parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [960], subscribed by "Gotdefridi comitis et fratris eius Heinrici"[1055].  It is assumed that he was installed as Comte de Verdun after the death of Otto Duke of Lower Lotharingia[1056], although no primary source has been found which confirms the date.  However, the charter dated to [960] suggests that "Gotdefridi comitis" was count at that date and therefore that Raoul had been displaced.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the properties of the convent of St Vanne at Verdun, among which that donated by "…Geldulfi villam…dono Rodulfi filii Rodulfi comitis…", and donated "Mosomum" on the petition of "Herimanni comitis" by charter dated 1015[1057]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de VERDUN [960]-[1020] (FAMILY of WIGERICH)

 

 

GODEFROI, son of Comte GOZELON & his wife Uda [Matfriede] (-3 Sep [998 or after], bur Gent St Peter).  "Uda…comitissa" donated property "in pago Rizzigowi cui Egylolfus comes" to St Maximin at Trier "pro remedio…seniorique mei Gozlini necnon filiorum meorum Henrici…et Reginheri, Godefridi quoque et Adalberonis" by charter dated 18 May 963 witnessed by "Sigefrido comite, Richwino comite"[1058].  "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the rights of "monasterio super fluvium Mose" founded by "Gotefridi comitis nostrique fidelis…et coniux sua pro anime sui fratris Alberonis" by charter dated 6 Apr 997[1059]Graf von Bidgau: "Bovo cum coniuge mea Engila" donated property "ex hereditate paterna…in villa Dundeva in comitatu Bedense cui Godefridus comes preesse dinoscitur" to St Maximin at Trier by charter dated 1 Nov 959[1060].  He was installed as Comte de Verdun before [960]: "Rodulfus filius quondam…comitis Rodulfi et eius…coniugis Evæ" donated property "res…meæ…in pago et in comitatu Virdunensi…Geldulfi villa" for the souls of "senioris mei Wigfridi episcopi et parentis mei Ottonis, Gisleberti quondam comitis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [960], subscribed by "Gotdefridi comitis et fratris eius Heinrici"[1061].  "Godefridi comitis, Ingelberti advocati, Arnulfi junioris marchysi…" signed the charter dated 11 Apr 969 under which "Theodericus comes" donated "sui iuris possessionem…Frilingim in pago Flandrensi" to Saint-Pierre de Gand[1062]Comte de Hainaut 973.  "Godefridus comes et uxor sua Mathildis" donated "regium fiscum Holinium…in pago Tornacensi…et…Ramelgeis ecclesia…" to Saint-Pierre de Gand by charter dated [21 Jan] 974, signed by "Arnulfi…junioris marchysi, Herimanni comitis filiis Godefridi comitis, Wiggeri, Ingelberti advocati…"[1063].  "Godefridus…comes et uxor mea Mathildis" donated "Holinum…in pago Tornacensi…" to Saint-Pierre de Gand by charter dated 21 Jan 979, signed by "…Hermanni comitis filii Godefridi comitis…Ingelberti advocati…"[1064].  Marquis d'Eenham.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that "comites Godefridus…[et] Arnulfus" defended Cambrai against Lothaire King of the West Franks, during the absence of Emperor Otto II in Poland, dated to 979, and against Eudes de Vermandois who had constructed Vinchy castle near the city[1065].  The Epistolæ Bambergenses name "Gottefredus et Arnulfus marchiones" among those who sent contingents for the Italian expedition of 980[1066], which likely refer to Godefroi Comte de Verdun et de Hainaut (who was marquis d'Eenham) and Arnoul de Cambrai (marquis de Valenciennes).  Richer records that "Belgicæ dux Theodericus, necnon et vir nobilis ac strenuus Godefridus, Sigefridus quoque vir illustris, Bardo etiam et Gozilo fratres clarissimi et nominatissimi" captured Verdun in 985[1067].  He helped defend Verdun against Lothaire King of the West Franks in [984/85], but was captured together with Siegfried Comte de Luxembourg[1068].  Otto III King of Germany confirmed rights of Gant Saint-Pierre abbey in property "in pago Haginao villam Dulciacum [et]…in pago Bracbanto villam Wandeleni…quam Eilbodo…tradidit…", at the request of "Godefridi et Arnulfi comitem", by charter dated 20 May 988[1069].  Richer records that "Godefridus comes cum duobus filiis suis, atque Ragenerus Remensium vice-dominus" were among the lay representatives at the council of Mouzon in 995[1070].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "comes Raginerus" captured "Montem castri" from "comiti Godefrido" in 998[1071] which, if the text refers to this Godefroi, suggests a later date of death (assuming the dating of Alberic is accurate).  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "III Non Sep" of "Godefridus comes pater ducis Gozelonis qui nobis Borrarum dedit"[1072]

m ([963]) as her second husband, MECHTILD of Saxony, widow of BALDWIN III joint Count of Flanders, daughter of HERMANN Billung Duke in Saxony & his [first/second] wife [Oda ---/Hildesuit ---] ([942]-Ghent 25 May 1008, bur Ghent St Peter).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Bennonis ducis, qui et Bernhardus et Liudigeri comitis et Machtildis comitisse" as brothers and sister of "domna Suanehildis [filia] Herimanni ducis de Liuniburh", recording the names of Mechtild's two husbands[1073].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildis comitissa Saxonie" as wife of "Godefridi Ardennensis"[1074].  Sigebert names "dux Godefridus…Eihamensis" and states that he married "Mathildem, filiam Herimanni ducis Saxonum, viduam relictam Baldewini comitis"[1075].  "Godefridus comes et uxor sua Mathildis" donated "regium fiscum Holinium…in pago Tornacensi…et…Ramelgeis ecclesia…" to Saint-Pierre de Gand by charter dated [21 Jan] 974[1076].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the rights and property of Kloster Mouzon donated by (among others) "dux Fredericus pro anima Ottonis…[et] Godefridus comes et coniux sua Mathildis pro anima sui fratris Adalberonis archiepiscopi" by charter dated 1023[1077].  The necrology of Liège Saint-Lambert records the death "VIII Kal Jun" of "Mathildis comitisse"[1078].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "VIII Kal Jun" of "domna Matildis comitissa"[1079]

Comte Godefroi & his wife had nine children:

1.         ADALBERO (-in Italy 18 Apr 988, bur Verdun Cathedral).  "Adalberonem…episcopum, Fredericum et Herimannum comites, Godefridum atque Gozelonem" are named (in order) as the five sons of "comiti Godefrido" and "Mathildis Saxoniæ comitissa" in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium[1080].  He was appointed Bishop of Verdun in 984 by his uncle Adalbero Bishop of Reims, which triggered the latter's dispute with Lothaire King of the West Franks as the appointment was made without the king's permission[1081].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 986 of “Wicfridus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Adelbero[1082].  "Adalbero, filius comitis Godefridi" is named in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, when recording his appointment as Bishop of Verdun[1083].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "episcopum Virdunensem Alberonem, comitem Fridericum…comitem de Daburc Hermannum…et duos duces Godefridum et Gothelonem" as sons of "Godefridi Ardennensis" and his wife Mechtild, recording in an earlier passage the election of "alter Adalbero, filius comitis Godefridi" as Bishop of Verdun in 984[1084].  The earlier paragraph also records the appointment at the same time of "Adalbero filius Friderici ducis" as Bishop of Metz, making it clear that the two were different persons, disproving the assertion in Poull[1085].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Mai" of "Adelbero episcopus virdun. ecclesie"[1086].  Adalbero died in Italy, his body being brought back by his brother "comite Frederico" and buried in Verdun Cathedral[1087]

2.         FREDERIC (-Verdun 6 Jan 1022, bur Monastery St Guy).  "Adalberonem…episcopum, Fredericum et Herimannum comites, Godefridum atque Gozelonem" are named (in order) as the five sons of "comiti Godefrido" and "Mathildis Saxoniæ comitissa" in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, which specifies that Frederic became a monk and made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem[1088].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "episcopum Virdunensem Alberonem, comitem Fridericum…comitem de Daburc Hermannum…et duos duces Godefridum et Gothelonem" as sons of "Godefridi Ardennensis" and his wife Mechtild, specifying that Frederic was "Sancti Vitonii monachum"[1089].  "Comite Frederico" is named as brother of Adalbero Bishop of Verdun in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, when recording that he repatriated Adalbero's body from Italy[1090].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Verdun.  It is uncertain how long Frederic remained as count in Verdun as the charter dated 17 Aug 1156 of Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" indicates that the county of Verdun was transferred to the bishop of Verdun during the reign of Emperor Otto III[1091].  However, a charter dated 1020, under which Heimo Bishop of Verdun confirmed an exchange of property, names "domni Frederici…comes nostre civitatis"[1092], which suggests that Frederic continued as count at least in part of the county.  The charter dated [1020] of Abbot Richard demonstrates that Frederic must have resigned the county soon after, as it refers to "temporis dominus Fredericus qui comes Virdunensis civitatis fuerat" adding that he became a monk at Saint-Vanne[1093].  Frederic was also Comte de Castres, as shown by the charter dated 5 May 1005 under which Heinrich II King of Germany granted market rights at "Doncheria…in comitatu…Frederici comitis…Castricensis" to Saint-Médard de Soissons[1094].  The necrology of St Vaast records the death in 1022 of "Fridericus avunculus Balduini Barbati comitis Flandriæ, ortus ex Godefrido Barbato comite Arduennæ, Virduni, Bullonii et Mathilde comitissæ Saxoniæ", noting that he was "præpositus Sancti Vedasti" from 1001 until his death, and his burial "monasterium Sancti Widoni"[1095]

3.         HERMAN [Hezelo] (-28 May 1029, bur Verdun Saint-Vanne).  "Adalberonem…episcopum, Fredericum et Herimannum comites, Godefridum atque Gozelonem" are named (in order) as the five sons of "comiti Godefrido" and "Mathildis Saxoniæ comitissa" in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium[1096].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "episcopum Virdunensem Alberonem, comitem Fridericum…comitem de Daburc Hermannum…et duos duces Godefridum et Gothelonem" as sons of "Godefridi Ardennensis" and his wife Mechtild[1097].  "Arnulfi…junioris marchysi, Herimanni comitis filiis Godefridi comitis…" signed the charter dated [21 Jan] 974 under which "Godefridus comes et uxor sua Mathildis" donated "regium fiscum Holinium…in pago Tornacensi…et…Ramelgeis ecclesia…" to Saint-Pierre de Gand[1098].  "Godefridus…comes et uxor mea Mathildis" donated "Holinum…in pago Tornacensi…" to Saint-Pierre de Gand by charter dated 21 Jan 979, signed by "…Hermanni comitis filii Godefridi comitis…Ingelberti advocati…"[1099]Comte d'Eename.  Sigebert names "Godefridum, Gozcelonem, Hezcelonem" as the three sons of "dux Godefridus…Eihamensis" & his wife, stating that "Hezcelo comes" inherited "castrum Eiham cum provincia Brabantensi" after his father's death[1100].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the properties of the convent of St Vanne at Verdun, among which that donated by "Florihing mansum…dono Gerardi comitis…[et] Geldulfi villam…dono Rodulfi filii Rodulfi comitis…[et] comes Gotdefridus…et Herimannus comes in comitatu Bracbantinse…Haslud…et…Feilsecum…[et] frater eius dux Godefridus…Beurunes… comes…Liutardus…in pago Waprensi in comitatu de Custrei…Bailodium", and donated "Mosomum" on the petition of "Herimanni comitis" by charter dated 1015[1101].  Graf in Eifelgau und in Westfalen 1017.  The necrology of Liège Saint-Lambert records the death "V Kal Jun" of "Herimanni comitis"[1102].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "V Kal Apr" of "Herimannus comes qui nobis dedit…apud domnum Basolum"[1103]m [firstly] MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  The Chronicon Hugonis names "Gregorium et Godefridum" as the two sons of "Herimannus qui et Hezelo & Mathildem"[1104].  [m secondly GODA, daughter of ---.  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XV Kal Jun" of "domna Goda que dedit nobis ecclesiam de Felsira"[1105].  No direct confirmation of this supposed second marriage of Herman has yet been found.  However, the charter of Emperor Heinrich II, referred to above, confirms that the church of Velsique ("Feilsecum/Felsira") was donated to Verdun Saint-Vanne by Comte Herman.  As the necrology confirms that Goda was also associated with the donation, it is likely that she was his wife at the time.  As shown below, two of Comte Herman's infant children were buried in the same church, which suggests that they may have been born from this marriage.  They are named by Sigebert who also names Mathilde as Herman's daughter, but does not name his three other children who are referred to in other sources.  The date of Mathilde's marriage suggests that she was one of Herman's younger children.  If this is correct, it is more likely that Goda was Herman's second wife if she was his wife at all.]  Comte Herman & his [first] wife had three children: 

a)         GREGOIRE .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gregorius Leodiensis archidyaconis" as son of "comitem de Daburc Hermannum [filii Godefridi Ardennensis]"[1106].  The Chronicon Hugonis names "Gregorium et Godefridum" as the two sons of "Herimannus qui et Hezelo & Mathildem", specifying in a later passage that Gregorius entered the church "in annis puerilibus"[1107].  Archdeacon at Liège.  The Vita Richardi abbatis S Vidoni Virdunensis names "filius comitis Hermanni bonæ memoriæ Gregorius Leodiensis archidiaconus"[1108]

b)         GODEFROI .  The Chronicon Hugonis names "Gregorium et Godefridum" as the two sons of "Herimannus qui et Hezelo & Mathildem"[1109]same person as…?  GOTTFRIED .  This co-identity is suggested in Europäische Stammtafeln[1110], but the basis for the speculation is not known.  Graf in Westfalen. 

-        GRAFEN von CAPPENBERG

c)         ODILIA .  The Chronico Virdunensi names "Odiliam" as the daughter of "Herimannus qui et Hezelo [et] Mathildem uxorem", specifying that she was "abbatissa…in monasterio S Odiliæ"[1111]

Comte Herman & his [second] wife had three children: 

d)         HERMANN (-young, bur Velsique).  Sigebert names "filium…Herimannum et filiam…Berthildem" as the children of "Hezcelo comes" who died young and were buried "in ecclesia apud Felseka"[1112]

e)         BERTILDE (-young, bur Velsique).  Sigebert names "filium…Herimannum et filiam…Berthildem" as the children of "Hezcelo comes" who died young and were buried "in ecclesia apud Felseka"[1113]

f)          MATHILDE de Verdun (-after 1039).  The Ruperti Chronicon records "ältera filia [=Herimannus] Raginero Montensi Brabantiam tradidit" but does not name her[1114].  Sigebert refers to "alteram…filiam [Hezcelonis comitis]" who married "Reginero, Montensi comiti, simul cum tota provincia Brabantensi"[1115].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records the marriage of "Rainerius" and "filiam Herimanni comitis" but adds that Bishop Gérard was displeased because of the consanguinity between the parties[1116].  This relationship has not been traced.  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m ([1015]) REGINAR [V] Comte de Hainaut, son of REGINAR [IV] Comte de Hainaut & his wife Hedwige de France (-after 1039). 

Comte Herman had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

g)         GODEFROI (-[before 995], bur Ham).  The Chronicon Hugonis names "ex concubina filium nomine Godefridum" as another son of "Herimannus qui et Hezelo", in addition to the others named above, specifying in a later passage that he died before his father (who made a donation for his soul) and was buried at Ham[1117]The Chronico Virdunensi names "Godefridum" as the son of "Godofredus…ex concubina"[1118].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XII Kal Nov" of "Godefridus filius Herimanni comitis pro cuius anima…Gengeauia alia Ham ab ipse comite"[1119]. 

4.         GODEFROI (-26 Sep 1023, bur Verdun Saint-Vanne).  "Adalberonem…episcopum, Fredericum et Herimannum comites, Godefridum atque Gozelonem" are named (in order) as the five sons of "comiti Godefrido" and "Mathildis Saxoniæ comitissa" in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, which specifies that Godefroi and Gozelon succeeded as dukes[1120].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Arnulphum comitem Flandrensem, Godefridum ducem, Gozelonem ducem, fratres" as children of "Mathildis soror Guepe et Berthe [Burgundiæ]"[1121].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that the Emperor conferred "ducatus Lotharingie" on "comiti Godefrido Virdunensi, filio Godefridi Ardennensis" after the death of Otto Duke of Lower Lotharingia [Carolingian], an event which the chronicler records under 1005[1122].  He was installed in 1012 as GODEFROI I Duke of Lower Lotharingia by Emperor Heinrich II.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" renewed the privileges of Kloster Fulda by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated 1020, witnessed by "Godifridi ducis, Berinhardi ducis, Thiederici ducis, Welphonis comitis, Cunonis comitis, Kunrati comitis, Ottonis comitis, Adilbrahtis comitis, Bobonis comitis, Friderici comitis, Bezilini comitis, Ezonis comitis palatini"[1123], the order of witnesses presumably giving some idea of the relative importance of these named nobles at the court of Emperor Heinrich II at the time.  The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1023 of "Godefridus dux"[1124].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "V Kal Oct" of "Godefridus dux frater Gocelonis ducis qui nobis in Beurunes xx mansos dedit"[1125].  The necrology of Liège Saint-Lambert records the death "VI Kal Oct" of "Godefridi pacifici ducis"[1126]

5.         GOZELON ([968/73]-19 Apr 1044, bur Münsterbilsen).  "Adalberonem…episcopum, Fredericum et Herimannum comites, Godefridum atque Gozelonem" are named (in order) as the five sons of "comiti Godefrido" and "Mathildis Saxoniæ comitissa" in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, which specifies that Godefroi and Gozelon succeeded as dukes[1127].  He is named, and his parentage given, in the Annalista Saxo[1128]Count in the March of Antwerp.  He succeeded his brother in 1023 as GOZELON I Duke of Lower Lotharingia.  He succeeded in 1033 as GOZELON I Duke of Upper Lotharingia

-        DUKES of LOWER LOTHARINGIA

6.         ADELA .  The Vita Meinwerci records a donation (undated, but with other donations dated [1022]) of "comes…Godizo" with the consent of "coniugis suæ Addilæ ac sororis suæ heredis iustissimæ", witnessed by "Liudolfi, Udonis, Hiddonis, Acca comitum"[1129].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not so far been identified.  m GODIZO Graf von Aspelt und Heimbach, son of RICHIZO & his wife --- (-after [1022]). 

7.         IRMGARD (-1042).  The Vita Popponis names "Ermengarde…principis Godefridi filia"[1130].  Thietmar records the excommunication of "nepos meus Oddo et uxor eius Irmirgerd, consanguinitate proxima iniuste diu coniuncti" in 1018, providing no details of the relationship between the two, and in a later passage records their separation[1131].  The validity of her marriage was challenged by the church on grounds of consanguinity, the dispute continuing for ten years before the marriage was finally accepted[1132].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in villis Harive, Vals, Apine, Falchenberch…in pago Livgowe et in comitatu Dietbaldi comitis" to "Irmingardæ nepti nostræ" by charter dated 5 Feb 1041, on the petition of "ducum Gozelonis filiique sui Gotefridi"[1133].  "Heinricus…rex" restituted property to Kloster Hersfeld "post obitum Hirmingarde comitissæ" which Emperor Konrad II had granted to Graf Otto, by charter dated 5 Jan 1043[1134]m OTTO von Hammerstein Graf in der Wetterau und im Engersgau, son of HERIBERT, Pfalzgraf, Graf im Kinziggau [Konradiner] & his wife Imiza --- (-[5 Jun 1036]). 

8.         ERMENTRUDE (-7 Mar after 1010).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Roland records the wife of Arnaud as “Ermentrude, fille de Godefroid le Captif et de Mathilde de Saxe” but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1135].  He states also that “Arnoul seigneur de Florennes reçut en bénéfice du comte Herman son beau-frère l’abbaye d’Hautmont”, again without citing the corresponding primary source but Roland’s wording suggests that the document may indicate the family relationship between the two parties[1136]m ARNAUD Seigneur de Florennes, son of Comte GODEFROI & his wife Alpaide --- (-22 Oct [1002/10]). 

9.         [REGINLIND (-1 Feb [1050]).  The Vita Adalberonis Episcopi Wirziburgensis records that "comes Arnoldus…in Lambacensi loco" married "Regila nobili uxore ex Francia orientali oriunda"[1137].  According to Wegener, she was the daughter of Godefroi Comte de Verdun[1138].  He cites no primary source in support and it is difficult to see how Reginlind could have been described as "ex Francia orientali" if this parentage is correct.  The hypothesis would certainly explain the transmission of the names Gottfried, Adalbero and Mechtild into the family of the Grafen von Wels und Lambach, but there must be other explanations for this.  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "inter villam Frumanaha et inter fluvios Danubium et Maraha in comitatu Adalberti marchionis" to "fideli nostro comiti Arnoldo eiusque uxori Reginlinde ac filiis utrorumque" by charter dated 11 May 1025[1139].  The necrology of Lambach records the death "Kal Feb" of "Regila marchionissa mater ep Adalberonis"[1140]m ARNOLD [II] Graf von Wels und Lambach, son of ARNOLD [I] Graf in Rottagau & his wife --- (-1055).  Markgraf in der Kärtner Mark 1035.] 

10.      [GERBERGE .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[1141], the wife of Folmar [IV] may have been the daughter of Godefroi Comte de Verdun and his wife Mechtild of Saxony [Billung] but the basis for this speculation is not known.  m FOLMAR [IV] Graf von Metz Graf im Bliesgau, son of FOLMAR [III] Graf von Metz, Graf im Bliesgau & his wife Bertha --- (-1026 or after).  999/1026. 

11.      [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         RAOUL [Rodolphe] (-[1039/46]).  Abbot of Saint-Germain de Montfaucon (Dormois) [984/88].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that Adalbero Bishop of Verdun granted "abbatiam sancti Germani" to "Rodulfo nepoti suo", adding that he lived "ad tempora domni Richardi episcopi" (who is recorded as bishop between 1039 and 1046)[1142].  Vanderkindere suggests that Raoul was the son of Raoul [II] Comte d'Ivois (see COMTES de CHINY)[1143], but this appears to be based on little more than the common name as the text confuses him with his supposed father. 

 

 

The precise relationship between the following person, a relative of Gérard de Florennes Bishop of Cambrai, has not been ascertained. 

1.         HERSENDE .  "Hildradus cognomento Hescelinus comes" donated property "Bolruuel" for "Hercendis uxoris mee, Richardi quoque filii mei quem ad clericatus" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated 1020, subscribed by "Albrici nepotis mei"[1144].  The precise parentage of Hersende is unknown.  However, her possible relationship to Gérard Bishop of Cambrai, who was the son of Arnaud Seigneur de Florennes, is indicated by the Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium which records that "Gerardus episcopus…nepte" was the wife of "Hezelino".  Gérard was elected bishop in 1010 but it is unlikely that he was born much earlier than 990, bearing in mind that his mother was the daughter of Godefroi Comte de Verdun whose marriage is dated to [963].  It is therefore probable that "nepte" in Gesta should be translated as a more remote family relationship than "niece": any children of Gerard's brothers and sisters could not have been born earlier than 1005, whereas Hildrad's son Richard (presumably born from his marriage with the bishop's niece) was assigned to be a cleric at Verdun Saint-Vanne in 1020.  It is possible that the bishop's relationship with Hersende was through his mother's family, the comtes de Verdun.  The line of argument regarding Hersende´s possible second marriage is complex and depends on the correctness of several assumptions.  Firstly, it is assumed, that Giselbert Comte de Clermont was the grandson of Widrich [I], as explained in the chapter relating to the comtes de Clermont in the document LOWER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY.  Secondly, it is assumed that Ermengarde, wife of Gozelon Comte de Montaigu, was the paternal aunt of Giselbert Comte de Clermont, as indicated by the latter´s charter for Cluny dated 1091[1145].  Thirdly, in a charter dated 1064, "Ermentrudis de Harenzey" donated "allodium…Sumey" to Ardenne Saint-Hubert, for the soul of "mariti mei Gozolonis", with the consent of "filiis meis…Cunone comite Rodulfo Guidone Joanne Henrico et fratribus meis Hezelino comite et Rainaldo et Balduino", by charter dated 1064[1146], her brothers being identified as three of the sons of Hildrad [Hezelin] Comte [de Grandpré].  Fourthly, Comte Hildrad´s wife is named in the charter dated 1020, under which "Hildradus cognomento Hescelinus comes" donated property for "Hercendis uxoris mee, Richardi quoque filii mei quem ad clericatus" to Verdun Saint-Vanne[1147].  Fifthly, as noted above, the Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that "Gerardus episcopus…nepte" was the wife of "Hezelino", and that the couple separated after eight years of marriage[1148].  Sixthly, it is assumed that this was the same wife of Comte Hildrad [Hezelin] who is named in the 1020 document (the chronology appears favourable) and that she was the mother not only of Hildrad´s son Richard (named in the 1020 document) but also of his three sons who are named in the 1064 document.  It is conceded that the argument is shaky and could fail if any one of these assumptions was incorrect.  Nevertheless, it is felt to be a sufficiently interesting possibility to include in the present document.  m [firstly] HILDRAD [Hezelin] Comte [de Grandpré], son of ---.  [m secondly ([1020/25]) WIDRICH [I] [Comte de Clermont], son of ---.] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 19.  GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÚCKEN

 

 

HEINRICH [I] von Saarbrücken, son of SIMON [I] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Mechtild --- (-1228).  "…Henricus comes de Spanheim, Henricus comes de Sarbrucken, Gerlacus comes de Veldense, Bertoldus comes de Dietse, Gotfridus comes de Vebing…" witnessed the charter dated 1192 under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed privileges of the church of Mainz[1149].  "Simon comes Sarepont et…mater mea Lucardis comitissa in Wide" donated part of the church at Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "ducis cognati mei Walrami et filiorum suorum Henrici et Walrami et Henrici Gemini Ponits comitis patrui mei et…cognati mei Henrici comitis de Castello et…Lutheri comitis de Wide" by charter dated 1223[1150]Graf von Zweibrücken.  "E. comes de Obresten et…Henricus comes Geminipontis" revoked their alliance with "Th. de Barro" and promised fidelity to "domino nostro Ja. … Metensi episcopo" by charter dated 29 Sep 1243[1151]

m HADWIGE de Lorraine, daughter of FERRY de Lorraine Seigneur de Bitsch & his wife Wierchosława Ludmilla of Poland (-after 1228).  "Hedewigis comitissa Geminipontis" confirmed the donation of "patronatum ecclesie S. Marie in Omersheim" to Wadgassen abbey made by "collateralis meis Heinricus comes" by charter dated 1225[1152].  "Hedewigis comitissa Geminipontis et H. unicus filius" confirmed the donation of "decimas in Homersheim…et…allodii in Hauestal" to Wadgassen abbey made by "H. comes Geminipontis quondam…collateralis meus" by undated charter[1153]

Heinrich [I] & his wife had children: 

1.         HEINRICH [II] (-1282).  "Hedewigis comitissa Geminipontis et H. unicus filius" confirmed the donation of "decimas in Homersheim…et…allodii in Hauestal" to Wadgassen abbey made by "H. comes Geminipontis quondam…collateralis meus" by undated charter[1154]Graf von Zweibrücken.  “Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[1155]m ([1238]) AGNES von Eberstein, daughter of EBERHARD [IV] Herr von Eberstein & his wife Adelheid von Sayn (-1297).  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein dictus senior" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "uxoris mee Adelheidis et filie mee Agnetis comitisse Gemini Pontis et Symonis iunioris comitis nepotis mei", by charter dated 1258[1156].  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein et Adelhaidis uxor nostra" donated property at Uswilare to Kloster Frauenalb by charter dated 1 Jul 1258, witnessed by "Agnetis filiæ nostræ comitissæ de Zwainbrucken"[1157].  "Hanricus comes et A. comitissa Geminipontis" granted dowry to "generum nostrum Gerlacum comitem de Veldentia", with the consent of "patris nostri E. comitis de Everstein et A. matris nostre necnon Elizabeth et Adleidis filiarum E. quondam comitis de Seina fratris nostri", by charter dated Jul 1258[1158].  “Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[1159].  Heinrich [II] & his wife had children: 

a)         SIMON [I] (-1281, before 25 May).  “Henricus comes Geminipontis” recorded the homage sworn by “Hugonem de Fenestingen generum nostrum...Katerina filia nostra uxor eius”, with the consent of “Symonis, Everardi et Walerami filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1275[1160]m --- von Calw, daughter of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Calw & his wife Uta --- (-1284).  Simon [I] & his wife had children: 

i)          HEINRICH [III] (-after 1 Jun 1297)Graf von Zweibrücken.  A charter dated 1 Jun 1297 records the settlement of a dispute between Speyer cathedral and "Heinricum…comitem Geminopontis…et…Otto frater suus nec non coniux sua de Bolandia" concerning passage on the river Rhine[1161].  "Otto comes de Eberstein natus quondam domini Symonis comitis Geminipontis" confirmed the grant of salmon fishing rights in the river Rhine by "Heinrico bonæ memoriæ quondam fratri nostro" to "Engelmannus de Bebingen civis Spirencis" by charter dated 20 Feb 1310[1162]m KUNIGUNDE von Bolanden, daughter of --- (-after 1 Jun 1297).  A charter dated 1 Jun 1297 records the settlement of a dispute between Speyer cathedral and "Heinricum…comitem Geminopontis…et…Otto frater suus nec non coniux sua de Bolandia" concerning passage on the river Rhine[1163]

ii)         OTTO (-after 20 Feb 1310).  A charter dated 1 Jun 1297 records the settlement of a dispute between Speyer cathedral and "Heinricum…comitem Geminopontis…et…Otto frater suus nec non coniux sua de Bolandia" concerning passage on the river Rhine[1164].  Graf von Eberstein.  "Otto comes de Eberstein natus quondam domini Symonis comitis Geminipontis" confirmed the grant of salmon fishing rights in the river Rhine by "Heinrico bonæ memoriæ quondam fratri nostro" to "Engelmannus de Bebingen civis Spirencis" by charter dated 20 Feb 1310[1165]

iii)        UTA (-before 1290)m (before 1282) as his first wife, KONRAD Herzog von Teck, son of KONRAD [I] Herzog von Teck & his wife --- (-murdered [Frankfurt] 1/2 May 1292, bur Owen Marienkirche). 

b)         EBERHARD (-[1316/1321]).  “Henricus comes Geminipontis” recorded the homage sworn by “Hugonem de Fenestingen generum nostrum...Katerina filia nostra uxor eius”, with the consent of “Symonis, Everardi et Walerami filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1275[1166].  “Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[1167]Graf von Zweibrücken.  “Eberhardus et Walramus fratres et domini Geminipontis” sold “quartam partem silve...in banno Visbach” to Hornbach by charter dated Nov 1284[1168].  "Walramus comes Geminipontis…et Everhardum fratrem nostrum" confirmed the privileges of the churches of Schorbach and Mörlheim by charter dated 24 Mar 1301[1169]m (before 27 May 1267) AGNES von Saarbrücken, daughter of SIMON [III] de Commercy Graf von Saarbrücken & his first wife Marguerite --- (-after 1304).  Eberhard & his wife had children: 

i)          SIMON [II] (-1355).  Graf von Zweibrücken

-         GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN[1170]

c)         WALRAM [I] (-[18/22] Jan 1309]).  “Henricus comes Geminipontis” recorded the homage sworn by “Hugonem de Fenestingen generum nostrum...Katerina filia nostra uxor eius”, with the consent of “Symonis, Everardi et Walerami filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1275[1171].  “Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[1172]Graf von Zweibrücken.  “Eberhardus et Walramus fratres et domini Geminipontis” sold “quartam partem silve...in banno Visbach” to Hornbach by charter dated Nov 1284[1173].  "Walramus comes Geminipontis…et Everhardum fratrem nostrum" confirmed the privileges of the churches of Schorbach and Mörlheim by charter dated 24 Mar 1301[1174]m AGNES de Vaudémont, daughter of HUGUES [III] Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Marguerite de Bar (-1282, bur Werschweiler).  Walram [I] & his wife had children: 

i)          SIMON [III] (-before 1312)Graf von Zweibrückenm AGNES von Saarbrücken, daughter of JOHANN [I] Graf von Saarbrücken [Commercy] & his first wife Mathilde d'Aspremont (-before 1 Mar 1337).  Simon [III] & his wife had children: 

(a)       WALRAM [II] (-[30 Jun/29 Sep] 1366)Graf von Zweibrückenm JOHANNETTE de Bar, daughter of PIERRE de Bar Seigneur de Pierrefort & his first wife Jeanne de Vienne (-3 Oct 1358).  The Chronicle of Lichtenthal records the death "V Non Oct" 1358 of "domna Jenat de Bare comitissa uxor domni Walrami de Geminoponte"[1175]

d)         ELISABETH (-1259).  "Hanricus comes et A. comitissa Geminipontis" granted dowry to "generum nostrum Gerlacum comitem de Veldentia", with the consent of "patris nostri E. comitis de Everstein et A. matris nostre necnon Elizabeth et Adleidis filiarum E. quondam comitis de Seina fratris nostri", by charter dated Jul 1258[1176].  "Gerlacus comes Veldentie" donated property "in Osterna et in Ouinbach" to Kloster Wersweiler, with the consent of "uxoris nostre Elisabeth et parentum nostrorum", by charter dated Aug 1258[1177]m (1254) GERLACH [V] Graf von Veldenz, son of GERLACH [IV] Graf von Veldenz & his wife Beatrix [Wildgrafen] (after [1228]-[Jul 1258/1260]). 

e)         KATHARINA .  “Henricus comes Geminipontis” recorded the homage sworn by “Hugonem de Fenestingen generum nostrum...Katerina filia nostra uxor eius”, with the consent of “Symonis, Everardi et Walerami filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1275[1178]m HUGO Herr von Vinstingen, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 20.  OTHER UPPER LOTHARINGIAN NOBILITY

 

 

1.         SIBODO (-after 1029).  Comte de [---].  “Comitibus hiis: Hecelone, Henrico, Gisilberto, Sibodone, Arnulfo” subscribed the charter dated 1029 under which Poppo Archbishop of Trier deplored damage caused to monasteries and donated “ecclesiam Longuion” to the abbey of Notre-Dame-des-Martyrs[1179]

 

 

Three brothers, parents not identified: 

1.         ADALBERT [Albert] .  Comte.  "Theodericus…Vidunensis ecclesiæ episcopum" confirmed the property of Verdun la Madeleine, including the donation of "ecclesi…Villare" by "frater meus Albertus comes", by charter dated 1047[1180]

2.         THIERRY (-Apr 1088).  Provost of Basel.  Bishop of Verdun 1046.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1046 of “Richardus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Theodericus[1181].  "Theodericus…Vidunensis ecclesiæ episcopum" confirmed the property of Verdun la Madeleine, including the donation of "ecclesi…Villare" by "frater meus Albertus comes", by charter dated 1047[1182].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that “Theodericus...natura Teutonicus et Basiliensis ecclesiæ fuerat canonicus” succeeded Richard as bishop of Verdun and held office for 43 years[1183]

3.         WISELO (-after 17 Oct 1052).  "Richuini comitis Segintensis, Haimonis comitis…Everardi de Sorceio…Gosberti de Asperomonte…Wiselonis fratris Theoderici Virdunensis episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1052 under which Udon Bishop of Toul regulated the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville[1184]

 

 

1.         RICHER de Sancy (-before 1084)m LIUTGARDIS de Chiny, daughter of LOUIS [I] Comte de Chiny & his wife Adelais ---.  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Liegarde amita Arnulfi comitis", her husband "Richizonis" and their four sons "Hugo et Ludovicus, Rodericus et Riquinus", recording that "Riquinus" was killed by "Heribrando Bulionensi" and buried at St Hubert[1185].  Richer & his wife had four children: 

a)         HUGUES (-after 1109).  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Liegarde amita Arnulfi comitis", her husband "Richizonis" and their four sons "Hugo et Ludovicus, Rodericus et Riquinus"[1186].  A bull of Pope Lucius III dated 1084 records that "Roberto milite et fratre eius Widerico atque Hugone et Ludovico et Rurico fratre eius" founded the priory "ante Sanctiacum castrum sitam" and donated it to the abbey of Saint-Hubert, Ardenne[1187].  "Raimboldus miles de Mucei, Hugonis de Sancei et Er--- nobilissime filius et uxor mea Coniza" donated "allodium nostrum Bomellam…in Falmania" to the abbey of Saint-Hubert, Ardenne by charter dated 1109, signed by "Guilelmi [comitis Lucem]burgensis, Godefridi comitis Namucensis, [Ottonis] comitis Chiniacensis, Rurici et filiorum eius Guilelmi et Ludovici, Roberti de Sancei…"[1188]m ---. 

b)         LOUIS (-after 1084).  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Liegarde amita Arnulfi comitis", her husband "Richizonis" and their four sons "Hugo et Ludovicus, Rodericus et Riquinus"[1189].  A bull of Pope Lucius III dated 1084 records that "Roberto milite et fratre eius Widerico atque Hugone et Ludovico et Rurico fratre eius" founded the priory "ante Sanctiacum castrum sitam" and donated it to the abbey of Saint-Hubert, Ardenne[1190]

c)         RODERIC (-after 1109).  The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Liegarde amita Arnulfi comitis", her husband "Richizonis" and their four sons "Hugo et Ludovicus, Rodericus et Riquinus"[1191].  A bull of Pope Lucius III dated 1084 records that "Roberto milite et fratre eius Widerico atque Hugone et Ludovico et Rurico fratre eius" founded the priory "ante Sanctiacum castrum sitam" and donated it to the abbey of Saint-Hubert, Ardenne[1192].  "Raimboldus miles de Mucei, Hugonis de Sancei et Er--- nobilissime filius et uxor mea Coniza" donated "allodium nostrum Bomellam…in Falmania" to the abbey of Saint-Hubert, Ardenne by charter dated 1109, signed by "Guilelmi [comitis Lucem]burgensis, Godefridi comitis Namucensis, [Ottonis] comitis Chiniacensis, Rurici et filiorum eius Guilelmi et Ludovici, Roberti de Sancei…"[1193]m ---.  The name of Roderic´s wife is not known.  Roderic & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME .  "Raimboldus miles de Mucei, Hugonis de Sancei et Er--- nobilissime filius et uxor mea Coniza" donated "allodium nostrum Bomellam…in Falmania" to the abbey of Saint-Hubert, Ardenne by charter dated 1109, signed by "Guilelmi [comitis Lucem]burgensis, Godefridi comitis Namucensis, [Ottonis] comitis Chiniacensis, Rurici et filiorum eius Guilelmi et Ludovici, Roberti de Sancei…"[1194]

ii)         LOUIS .  "Raimboldus miles de Mucei, Hugonis de Sancei et Er--- nobilissime filius et uxor mea Coniza" donated "allodium nostrum Bomellam…in Falmania" to the abbey of Saint-Hubert, Ardenne by charter dated 1109, signed by "Guilelmi [comitis Lucem]burgensis, Godefridi comitis Namucensis, [Ottonis] comitis Chiniacensis, Rurici et filiorum eius Guilelmi et Ludovici, Roberti de Sancei…"[1195]

d)         RICHWIN (-killed before 1084). The Chronicon Sancti Huberti names "Liegarde amita Arnulfi comitis", her husband "Richizonis" and their four sons "Hugo et Ludovicus, Rodericus et Riquinus", recording that "Riquinus" was killed by "Heribrando Bulionensi" and buried at St Hubert[1196]

 

 

1.         GERHARD (-after 1143).  Graf von Bierbach.  "…Gerhart comes de Berebach et frater eius Henric…" witnessed the charter dated 1143, after 27 Sep, under which Heinrich Archbishop of Mainz confirmed property of Kloster St Victor, Mainz[1197]

2.         HEINRICH (-after 1143).  "…Gerhart comes de Berebach et frater eius Henric…" witnessed the charter dated 1143, after 27 Sep, under which Heinrich Archbishop of Mainz confirmed property of Kloster St Victor, Mainz[1198]

 

 

1.         --- von Homburgm IDA, daughter of ---.  "Fridericus comes de Homberg ac…genitrix mea domina Ida" confirmed property in the wood of Wilenstein to Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 11 Feb 1266[1199].  "Fridericus comes de Homberg ac…genitrix mea Ida et…filii mei Ludovicus de Sarwerden et Philippus" confirmed property at Wilenstein to Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 1268[1200].  One child: 

a)         FRIEDRICHGraf von Homburg.  "Fridericus comes de Homberg ac…genitrix mea domina Ida" confirmed property in the wood of Wilenstein to Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 11 Feb 1266[1201].  "Fridericus comes de Homberg ac…genitrix mea Ida et…filii mei Ludovicus de Sarwerden et Philippus" confirmed property at Wilenstein to Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 1268[1202]m ---.  The name of Friedrich´s wife is not known.  Friedrich & his wife had two children: 

i)          LUDWIG .  "Fridericus comes de Homberg ac…genitrix mea Ida et…filii mei Ludovicus de Sarwerden et Philippus" confirmed property at Wilenstein to Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 1268[1203].  "Ludowicus et Philippus germani et comiti de Hoenberg" freed property at Kallstadt for Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 1279[1204]

ii)         PHILIPP .  "Fridericus comes de Homberg ac…genitrix mea Ida et…filii mei Ludovicus de Sarwerden et Philippus" confirmed property at Wilenstein to Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 1268[1205].  "Ludowicus et Philippus germani et comiti de Hoenberg" freed property at Kallstadt for Kloster Otterberg by charter dated 1279[1206]

 

 



[1] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, pp. 193-5. 

[2] Warner, D. A. (trans.) The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg (2001) (Manchester University Press), 1. 23, p. 84. 

[3] Longnon, A. (1885) Atlas historique de la France depuis César jusqu´à nos tours (Paris), pp. 113-5. 

[4] Longnon (1885), pp. 115-6. 

[5] Longnon (1885), pp. 116-8. 

[6] Longnon (1885), pp. 118. 

[7] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, p. 194. 

[8] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, p. 195. 

[9] Beyer, H. (ed.) (1860) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der, jetzt die Preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden Mittelrheinischen Territorien (Coblenz), Vol. I, (“Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I”), 338 and 339, pp. 393-4, consulted at <http:/www.rlb.de/mrHist/> (12 Dec 2007). 

[10] Chronicon Sancti Huberti Andaginensis 19 (27), MHG SS VIII, p. 578. 

[11] Gesta Treverorum 16, 1122, MGH SS VIII, p. 189.  The date "1032" is included in the footnote by the editor. 

[12] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 338 and 339, pp. 393-4. 

[13] Gesta Treverorum 16, 1122, MGH SS VIII, p. 189.  The date "1032" is included in the footnote by the editor. 

[14] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 338 and 339, pp. 393-94. 

[15] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1064, MGH SS XXIII, p. 794. 

[16] Gesta Treverorum 16, 1122, MGH SS VIII, p. 189.  The date "1032" is included in the footnote by the editor. 

[17] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 338 and 339, pp. 393-94. 

[18] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 367, p. 424. 

[19] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 388, p. 444. 

[20] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1064, MGH SS XXIII, p. 794. 

[21] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1064, MGH SS XXIII, p. 794. 

[22] Vanderkindere, A. (1902) La formation territoriale des principautés belges au moyen-âge (Brussels), Vol. II, p. 393. 

[23] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, p. 194. 

[24] D O II 39, p. 49. 

[25] Adnuntatio domni Karoli, MGH LL 1, p. 469. 

[26] Karoli II Imp. Conventus Carisiacensis, MGH LL 1, p. 537. 

[27] D LJ 12, p. 349. 

[28] D Arn 89, p. 131. 

[29] D Arn 188, p. 290, marked "unecht" in the compilation. 

[30] D Zw 5, p. 25. 

[31] D LK 79, p. 217, marked "unecht" in the compilation. 

[32] D Zw 27, p. 65. 

[33] Gade, J. A. (1951) Luxemburg in the Middle Ages (Leiden), p. 48. 

[34] D LK 17, p. 120. 

[35] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 153, p. 216. 

[36] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 159, p. 222. 

[37] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 179, p. 241. 

[38] D O III 238, p. 655. 

[39] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 205, p. 265. 

[40] Bloch, H. ´Die älteren Urkunden des Klosters S. Vanne zu Verdun´, Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde ("Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898"), 1898, XIV, p. 400. 

[41] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XIV, p. 400. 

[42] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 251, p. 307. 

[43] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 267. 

[44] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 220, p. 278. 

[45] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[46] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1008, MHG SS V, p. 119. 

[47] Gade (1951), p. 53.  This brother Adalbert is not given in . 

[48] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 269, p. 325. 

[49] Thietmar 8.18, p. 374. 

[50] Mommsen, T. E. and Morrison, K. F. (trans.) (1962) Imperial Lives and Letters of the Eleventh Century (New York), "Wipo, On the election and consecration of Conrad II (1024)", from "The Deeds of Conrad II (Gesta Chuonradi II imperatoris)", reproduced in Hill, B. H. (1972) Medieval Monarchy in Action: The German Empire from Henry I to Henry IV (London), pp. 192-201.  . 

[51] Historia Episcoporum Pataviensium et Ducum Bavariæ 1026, MGH SS XXV, p. 627. 

[52] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[53] Evrard, M. (ed.) ´Documents relatifs à l´abbaye de Flône´, Analectes pour servir à l´histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome XXIII (Louvain, 1892) ("Flône"), VII, p. 292. 

[54] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1876-1903) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny ( Paris), Tome V, 3659, p. 5. 

[55] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch, I, 324, p. 377. 

[56] Kurth, G. (ed.) (1903) Chartes de l´abbaye de Saint-Hubert en Ardenne (Brussels) ("Ardenne Saint-Hubert"), Tome I, XVIII, p. 19. 

[57] Lacomblet, T. J. (ed.) (1840) Urkundenbuch für die Geschichte des Niederrheins, Band I (Düsseldorf) ("Niederrheins Urkundenbuch"), 228, p. 147, and Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 168. 

[58] Foppens, J. F. (1748) Diplomatum Belgicorum nova collectio, sive supplementum ad opera diplomatica Auberti Miræi (Brussels), Tome IV, Pars IV, V, p. 505. 

[59] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, I, 242, p. 155, and Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, pp. 169-70. 

[60] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 167, quoting Le Glay Glossaire de Cambrésis, p. 20. 

[61] Flône, X, p. 296. 

[62] Flône, VII, p. 292. 

[63] Flône, VII, p. 292. 

[64] Flône, VII, p. 292. 

[65] Flône, X, p. 296. 

[66] Flône, XVIII, p. 313. 

[67] Flône, XXIII and XXV, pp. 323 and 326. 

[68] Flône, XVIII, p. 313. 

[69] Flône, XX, p. 316. 

[70] Flône, XVIII, p. 313. 

[71] Flône, XX, p. 316. 

[72] Flône, XXX, p. 333. 

[73] Flône, XXXII, p. 337. 

[74] RHC, Historiens occidentaux, Tome IV (Paris, 1879), Alberti Aquensis Historia Hierosolymitana ("Albert of Aix (RHC)"), Liber II, Cap. I, p. 299. 

[75] RHC, Historiens occidentaux I, Historia Rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("L'estoire de Eracles Empereur et la conqueste de la terre d'Outremer"), (“WT”) I.XVII, p. 45. 

[76] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber II, Cap. VII-VIII, pp. 304-5. 

[77] WT II.1, p. 71. 

[78] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber II, Cap. XXX, p. 322. 

[79] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber IV, Cap. XLVII, p. 422. 

[80] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber V, Cap. III, p. 435. 

[81] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber II, Cap. I, p. 299. 

[82] WT II.1, p. 71. 

[83] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber II, Cap. II, p. 300. 

[84] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber II, Cap. XI, p. 306. 

[85] D H IV 459, p. 619. 

[86] Halkin, J. and Roland, C. J. (eds.) (1909) Recueil des Chartes de l'abbaye de Stavelot-Malmédy, Tome I (Brussels) (“Stavelot”), Vol. I, 143, p. 289. 

[87] Günther, W. (ed.) (1822) Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus (Coblenz), Theil I, 121, p. 247. 

[88] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, pp. 255-6. 

[89] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, pp. 255-6. 

[90] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, pp. 255-6. 

[91] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, pp. 255-6. 

[92] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, pp. 255-6. 

[93] Foppens (1748), Tome IV, Pars III, XLVI, p. 383. 

[94] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, pp. 255-6. 

[95] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, pp. 255-6. 

[96] Foppens (1748), Tome IV, Pars III, XLVI, p. 383. 

[97] Foppens (1748), Tome IV, Pars III, XLVI, p. 383. 

[98] Foppens (1748), Tome IV, Pars III, XLVI, p. 383. 

[99] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, pp. 561. 

[100] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, pp. 561. 

[101] ES VII 40 (extinct in the male line in the mid-15th century). 

[102] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, pp. 561. 

[103] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, p. 194. 

[104] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 105, p. 109. 

[105] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 374. 

[106] D Arn 33, p. 49. 

[107] D Zw 3, p. 20. 

[108] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 385. 

[109] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 134, p. 141. 

[110] D Zw 13, 39. 

[111] Reginonis Chronicon 897, MGH SS I, p. 607. 

[112] Reginonis Chronicon 898, MGH SS I, p. 608. 

[113] Reginonis Chronicon 899, MGH SS I, p. 601. 

[114] D´Herbomez, A. (ed.) (1898) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Gorze, Mettensia II (Paris) ("Gorze"), 114, p. 207. 

[115] D O II 280, p. 325. 

[116] Calmet, A. (1748) Histoire de Lorraine (Nancy), Tome II, Preuves, col. ccxliii. 

[117] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 270, p. 326. 

[118] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 273, p. 328. 

[119] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 35, MGH SS VIII, p. 642. 

[120] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxlviii, and Lesort, A. (1909) Chronique et chartes de l'abbaye de Saint-Mihiel, Mettensia 27 (Paris), no. 39, p. 153, quoted in Poull, G. (1994) La Maison souveraine et ducale de Bar (Nancy), p. 20, and no. 43 and 44, pp. 166-71, cited in Poull (1994), p. 76. 

[121] Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 982. 

[122] ES XVIII 152. 

[123] Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 982. 

[124] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cclxxvi. 

[125] Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 982. 

[126] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cclxxvi. 

[127] Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 982. 

[128] Fundatio Ecclesiæ Sancti Georgii Lunarensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 982. 

[129] D H IV 396, p. 524 (marked Verunechtet? in the compilation). 

[130] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[131] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[132] Baumann, F. L., Meyer von Knonau, G. & Kiem, M. (eds.) (1883) Die ältesten Urkunden von allerheiligen in Schaffhausen, Rheinau und Muri (Basel) ("Schaffhausen, Rheinau und Muri:") Acta Murensia, I. p. 3. 

[133] François, J. & Tabouillet, N. (1781) Preuves de l´Histoire de Metz, p. 134. 

[134] ES XVIII 154, extinct in the male line in 1449. 

[135] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[136] For example in Brandenburg, E. (1935) Die Nachkommen Karls des Grossen, p. 44. 

[137] Origines Guelficæ, Vol. III, pp. 181. 

[138] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), p. 256. 

[139] Beyer, H., Eltester, L. & Goerz, A. (eds.) (1865) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der, jetzt die Preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden Mittelrheinischen Territorien (Coblenz), Vol. II, (“Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II”), 19, p. 56. 

[140] Documenta Monasteriorum Wirtembergico (1720), p. 147. 

[141] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[142] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[143] Gorze 187, p. 320. 

[144] Preuves de l´Histoire de Metz (1781), p. 134. 

[145] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 19, p. 56. 

[146] Gorze 187, p. 320. 

[147] Preuves de l´Histoire de Metz (1781), p. 134. 

[148] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 283, p. 318. 

[149] Ardennisches Geschlecht Codex, VII, Chartularium Saræpontanum, XXVIII, p. 312. 

[150] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 283, p. 318. 

[151] Eltester, L. & Goerz, A. (eds.) (1874) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der, jetzt die Preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden Mittelrheinischen Territorien (Coblenz), Vol. III, ("Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III"), 462, p. 362. 

[152] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 462, p. 362. 

[153] Günther, W. (1823) Codex Diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus (Coblenz) Theil II, 105, p. 200. 

[154] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 174, p. 282. 

[155] Becker, W. (ed.) (1881) Das Necrologium der vormaligen Prämonstratenser-Abtei Arnstein an der Lahn, Annalen des Vereins Nassauische Alterthumskunde und Geschichtsforschung, Band XVI (Wiesbaden) ("Arnstein an der Lahn Necrologium"), p. 150. 

[156] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 462, p. 362. 

[157] Marichal, P. (ed.) (1903-05) Cartulaire de l´évêché de Metz, Mettensia IV (Paris) ("Metz Evêché"), 163, p. 362. 

[158] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 726, p. 547. 

[159] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 609, p. 466. 

[160] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 178.9, p. 289. 

[161] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 609, p. 466. 

[162] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 105, p. 200. 

[163] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, CI, p. 67. 

[164] Wenck, H. B. (1783) Hessische Landesgeschichte mit einem Urkundenbuch, Band I Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch (Darmstadt) ("Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch"), CXXX, p. 84. 

[165] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 178.8, p. 289. 

[166] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Band II, 369, p. 196. 

[167] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 178.8, p. 289. 

[168] Preuves de l´Histoire de Metz (1781), p. 134. 

[169] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1170, MGH SS XXIII, p. 853. 

[170] ES XVIII 153, extinct in the legitimate male line in 1460. 

[171] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 5, MGH SS VIII, p. 519. 

[172] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[173] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1187, MGH SS XXIII, p. 861. 

[174] Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium, Liber III, 42, MGH SS XXV, p. 111. 

[175] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 377. 

[176] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, p. 195. 

[177] Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987, 1ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), p. 326 footnote 317. 

[178] Duvivier, C. (1903) Actes et documents anciens interéssant la Belgique, Nouvelle série (Brussels), 1, p. 1. 

[179] Le Long, N. (1783) Histoire ecclésiastique et civile du diocèse de Laon (Chalon), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 593. 

[180] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 593. 

[181] Revue de Champagne et de Brie (1880), pp. 9 and 340 note 4, citing Bibliothèque de l´école des Hautes-Etudes, XIe fasc, p. 123 [information provided by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 16 Oct 2011]. 

[182] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 427, citing Histoire de Metz III, 43. 

[183] Flodoardi Annales 920, MGH SS III, pp. 369-70 and 374, and Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ IV, XVI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 408. 

[184] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 159, p. 222. 

[185] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 593. 

[186] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 593. 

[187] Duvivier (1903), 1, p. 1. 

[188] Genealogiæ Comitum Flandriæ, Witgeri Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis MGH SS IX, p. 303. 

[189] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 593. 

[190] Revue de Champagne et de Brie (1880), pp. 9 and 340 note 4, citing Bibliothèque de l´école des Hautes-Etudes, XIe fasc, p. 123 [information provided by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 16 Oct 2011]. 

[191] Duvivier (1903), 1, p. 1. 

[192] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 593. 

[193] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 594. 

[194] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 594. 

[195] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 594. 

[196] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 594. 

[197] Revue de Champagne et de Brie (1880), pp. 9 and 340 note 4, citing Bibliothèque de l´école des Hautes-Etudes, XIe fasc, p. 123 [information provided by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 16 Oct 2011]. 

[198] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 594. 

[199] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 593. 

[200] Le Long (1783), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 594. 

[201] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, continuatio 9, MGH SS IV, pp. 48-9. 

[202] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1005, MGH SS XXIII, p. 778. 

[203] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, continuatio 6, MGH SS IV, p. 47. 

[204] D F I 149, p. 251. 

[205] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XXVI, p. 426. 

[206] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XXIX, p. 430. 

[207] D H II 96, p. 120. 

[208] Necrology of Arras St Vaast, p. 10. 

[209] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 426. 

[210] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, p. 195. 

[211] Gorze 69, p. 125. 

[212] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 427, citing Histoire de Metz III, 43. 

[213] Reginonis Chronicon 883, MGH SS I, p. 594. 

[214] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 105, p. 109. 

[215] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 374. 

[216] D Arn 33, p. 49. 

[217] D Zw 3, p. 20. 

[218] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 385. 

[219] Settipani (1993), p. 326 footnote 317. 

[220] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 427, citing Histoire de Metz III, 43. 

[221] Flodoardi Annales 920, MGH SS III, pp. 369-70 and 374, and Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ IV, XVI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 408. 

[222] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 159, p. 222. 

[223] D H II 147, p. 175. 

[224] Gallia Christiana XIII, p. 462, quoted in Grosdidier de Matons, M. ´Le Comté de Bar des Origines au Traité de Bruges (vers 950-1301)´, Annuaire de la Société d´Histoire et d´Archéologie de la Lorraine, Tome XXX (Bar-le-Duc, 1921), p. 77. 

[225] D K II 117, p. 162. 

[226] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cclxxii. 

[227] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccviii. 

[228] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium 39, MGH SS VIII, p. 644. 

[229] Picard, B. (1707) Histoire ecclésiastique et politique de la ville et du diocèse de Toul, pp. 381-2, cited in Poull (1994), p. 70. 

[230] Gallia Christiana XIII, p. 462, quoted in Grosdidier de Matons (1921), p. 77. 

[231] ES I.2 226. 

[232] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 310, p. 365. 

[233] D H IV 127, p. 165. 

[234] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 428. 

[235] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 39, MGH SS VIII, p. 644. 

[236] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccviii. 

[237] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 44, MGH SS VIII, p. 646. 

[238] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 459. 

[239] Chronicon Mediani Monasterii 6, MGH SS IV, p. 89. 

[240] Chronicon Mediani Monasterii 6, MGH SS IV, p. 89. 

[241] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 461. 

[242] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 438. 

[243] D Arn 89, p. 131. 

[244] D Arn 188, p. 290, marked "unecht" in the compilation. 

[245] D Zw 5, p. 25. 

[246] D LK 79, p. 217, marked "unecht" in the compilation. 

[247] Ex Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis, MGH SS XXIV, p. 530. 

[248] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cciii. 

[249] Ex Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis, MGH SS XXIV, p. 530. 

[250] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cxcvi-cxcviii. 

[251] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. ccvii. 

[252] Ex Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis, MGH SS XXIV, p. 530. 

[253] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cxcvi-cxcviii. 

[254] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. ccvii. 

[255] Flodoard 962, MGH SS III, p. 406. 

[256] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[257] Varin, P. (1844) Archives législatives de la ville de Reims (Paris) Seconde Partie, Statuts, Vol. I, p. 98. 

[258] Ex Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis, MGH SS XXIV, p. 530. 

[259] Preuves de l´Histoire de Metz (1781), p. 70. 

[260] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes V, 17, p. 5. 

[261] Gorze 108, p. 198. 

[262] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. ccxxi. 

[263] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 268. 

[264] Gorze 116, p. 211. 

[265] D K II 113, p. 158. 

[266] Constantini Vita Adelberonis II , MGH SS IV, p. 665. 

[267] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 462. 

[268] Bibl. de Carpentras MS 1784 fo 521 r, cited in Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XVIII 1928, p. 105, and Revue Mabillon XIX 1929, p. 52 footnote 1. 

[269] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. ccxcv. 

[270] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccviii. 

[271] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxliv. 

[272] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxlv. 

[273] Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XIX 1929, p. 52. 

[274] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxlv. 

[275] Gorze 203, p. 343. 

[276] Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XIX 1929, pp. 47 and 48. 

[277] Chapellier, J. C. & Gley, G. (eds.) (1878) Documents rares ou inédits de l’histoire des Vosges (Epinal) (“Documents Vosges”), Tome V, p. 3 (in second part of the book from 375/442). 

[278] Documents Vosges, Tome V, p. 7 (in second part of the book from 375/442). 

[279] Gorze 203, p. 343. 

[280] Documents Vosges, Tome V, p. 7 (in second part of the book from 375/442). 

[281] ES XVIII 141, which gives no further details. 

[282] Documents Vosges, Tome V, p. 7 (in second part of the book from 375/442). 

[283] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. cccxxxvi. 

[284] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. ccclxii. 

[285] Documents rares ou inédits de l’histoire des Vosges (Epinal, 1873) (“Documents Vosges”), Tome III, p. 2. 

[286] Documents Vosges, Tome III, p. 2. 

[287] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. cccxxxvi. 

[288] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. ccclxii. 

[289] Documents Vosges, Tome V, p. 13 (in second part of the book from 375/442). 

[290] Documents Vosges, Tome VII, p. 11. 

[291] Documents Vosges, Tome VII, p. 14. 

[292] Documents Vosges, Tome VII, p. 12. 

[293] Documents Vosges, Tome VII, p. 14. 

[294] Documents Vosges, Tome VII, p. 14. 

[295] ES XVIII 141. 

[296] Documents Vosges, Tome VII, p. 12. 

[297] Documents Vosges, Tome VII, p. 14. 

[298] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. ccclxii. 

[299] Documents Vosges, Tome V, p. 13 (in second part of the book from 375/442). 

[300] Goffinet, H. (1879) Cartulaire de l’abbaye d’Orval (Brussels) (“Orval”), I, p. 1. 

[301] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccviii. 

[302] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccviii. 

[303] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxliv. 

[304] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxlv. 

[305] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 21 (second part) (1910), p. 192. 

[306] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxliv. 

[307] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxlv. 

[308] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccxlv. 

[309] Guillaume (1757), Tome I, Preuves, p. 29. 

[310] Du Chesne (1631) Dreux/Broyes, Preuves, p. 23. 

[311] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 1765, p. 78. 

[312] Guillaume (1757), Tome I, Preuves, p. 134. 

[313] Prost, B. and Bougenot, S. (eds.) (1904) Cartulaire de Hugues de Chalon (1220-1319) (Lon-le-Saunier) (“Hugues de Chalon”), 38, p. 34. 

[314] Metz Evêché, 178, p. 391. 

[315] Guillaume (1757), Tome I, Preuves, p. 134. 

[316] Kremer, J. M. (1785) Genealogische Geschichte des altern ardennischen Geschlechts, Codex Diplomaticus (Frankfurt) ("Ardennisches Geschlecht Codex"), VII, Chartularium Saræpontanum, L, p. 327. 

[317] Ardennisches Geschlecht Codex, VII, Chartularium Saræpontanum, LXII, p. 336. 

[318] Metz Evêché, 110, p. 277. 

[319] Hugues de Chalon 31, p. 30. 

[320] Hugues de Chalon 506, p. 363. 

[321] Chifflet Beatrix (1656), Preuves, p. 81. 

[322] Guillaume (1757), Tome I, Preuves, p. 134. 

[323] Hugues de Chalon”, 39, p. 31. 

[324] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 338. 

[325] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, p. 195. 

[326] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 199, p. 259. 

[327] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 346. 

[328] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 340. 

[329] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 267. 

[330] D O I 80, p. 159. 

[331] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XIV, p. 400. 

[332] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 267. 

[333] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XIV, p. 400. 

[334] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 368. 

[335] D H II 340, p. 431. 

[336] D O II 280, p. 325. 

[337] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 267. 

[338] Gorze 107, p. 196. 

[339] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 341, citing Histoire de Metz III, pr. 74. 

[340] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 267. 

[341] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 341, citing Histoire de Metz III, pr. 68. 

[342] Gorze 107, p. 196. 

[343] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XIV, p. 400. 

[344] Gorze 108, p. 198. 

[345] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XIV, p. 400. 

[346] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XIV, p. 400. 

[347] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 1, 251, p. 307. 

[348] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 267. 

[349] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 268. 

[350] Gorze 108, p. 198. 

[351] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 343, citing Lelong Histoire du diocese de Laon, p. 163. 

[352] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 343. 

[353] Ex Miraculis S. Hucberti 20, MGH SS XV.2, p. 912.  . 

[354] Gesta Episcorum Cameracensium I.96, MGH SS VII, p. 439. 

[355] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.2, Eglise cathedrale de Paris, p. 1015. 

[356] Lot, F. (1891) Les derniers Carolingiens, Lothaire, Louis V, Charles de Lorraine (Paris), p. 65, cited in Settipani (1993), p. 241. 

[357] Historia Monasterii Mosomensis, 1.6 and 1.7, MGH SS XIV pp. 604 and 605. 

[358] MGH SS XIV, p. 605 footnote 1. 

[359] Historia Monasterii Mosomensis, 2.1, MGH SS XIV p. 609. 

[360] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 344. 

[361] Havet, J. (ed.) (1889) Lettres de Gerbert 983-997 (Paris) ("Gerbert") 94, p. 86. 

[362] Settipani (1993), p. 241. 

[363] Settipani (1993), p. 241. 

[364] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 2, MGH SS X, p. 492. 

[365] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 2, MGH SS X, p. 492. 

[366] Das Nekrolog des Klosters S Vanne, Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, 14th year 1902 ("Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1902"), p. 146. 

[367] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XXXVII, p. 442. 

[368] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XXXVII, p. 443. 

[369] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 2, MGH SS X, p. 492. 

[370] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1902, p. 135. 

[371] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 472. 

[372] Chronicon Sancti Huberti Andaginensis 16, MGH SS VIII, p. 576. 

[373] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 472. 

[374] Ardenne Saint-Hubert, Tome I, XXII, p. 23. 

[375] Foppens (1748), Tome IV, Pars IV, III, p. 504. 

[376] Chronicon Sancti Huberti Andaginensis 16, MGH SS VIII, p. 576. 

[377] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 472. 

[378] Ardenne Saint-Hubert, Tome I, XXII, p. 23. 

[379] Hanquet, K. (ed.) (1906) La chronique de Saint-Hubert dite Cantatorium (Brussels), 15, p. 33. 

[380] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1902, LIV, p. 77. 

[381] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1068, MGH SS XXIII, p. 796. 

[382] Foppens (1748), Tome IV, Pars IV, III, p. 504. 

[383] Ardenne Saint-Hubert, Tome I, XXVII, p. 30. 

[384] Flône, I, p. 282. 

[385] Jeantin, M. (1851) Les Chroniques de l´Ardenne et des Woëpvres, Tome I (Paris, Nancy), p. 155, and Orval, II, p. 3. 

[386] Chronicon Sancti Huberti Andaginensis 98 (129), MGH SS VIII, p. 629. 

[387] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1063, MGH SS XXIII, p. 794. 

[388] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[389] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 472. 

[390] Ardenne Saint-Hubert, Tome I, XXII, p. 23. 

[391] Foppens (1748), Tome IV, Pars IV, III, p. 504. 

[392] Chronique de Saint-Hubert, 16, p. 37. 

[393] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[394] Jeantin (1851), Tome I, p. 155. 

[395] Orval, III, p. 6. 

[396] Chronicon Sancti Huberti Andaginensis 98 (129), MGH SS VIII, p. 629. 

[397] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1131, MGH SS XXIII, p. 830. 

[398] Jeantin (1851), Tome I, p. 155. 

[399] Orval, III, p. 6. 

[400] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[401] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[402] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[403] Jeantin (1851), Tome I, p. 155. 

[404] Orval, III, p. 6. 

[405] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[406] Continuatio Gemblacensis Sigeberti Chronica 1136, MGH SS VI, p. 385. 

[407] Patrologia Latina, Vol. 189, XIII, col. 1477. 

[408] Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium, Liber III, 25, MGH SS XXV, p. 100. 

[409] Continuatio Gemblacensis Sigeberti Chronica 1140, MGH SS VI, p. 387. 

[410] Continuatio Gemblacensis Sigeberti Chronica 1145, MGH SS VI, p. 389. 

[411] Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium, Liber III, 29, MGH SS XXV, p. 101. 

[412] Patrologia Latina, Vol. 189, XIII, col. 1477. 

[413] Bormans, S. (1893) Cartulaire de l´Eglise Saint-Lambert de Liège, Tome I ("Liège Saint-Lambert"), XXXIX, p. 63. 

[414] Chapeauville, J. (1613) Gesta Pontificum Leodiensium Scrip. (Liège), Tome II, Caput XVII, p. 597. 

[415] Patrologia Latina, Vol. 189, XIII, col. 1477. 

[416] Devillers, L. (1865) Description analytique de cartulaires et de chartriers de Hainaut (Mons), Tome I, p. 68. 

[417] Ernst, S. P. (1839) Histoire de Limbourg, Tome III (Liège), p. 373, citing Miræus Opera diplomatica, Tome II, p. 1183. 

[418] Flône, XXXIII, p. 338. 

[419] Schoolmeesters, E. & Bormans, S. ‘Notice d’un Cartulaire de l’ancienne église collégiale et archidiaconale de Notre-Dame, à Huy’, Compte rendu des séances de la Commission Royale d’Histoire ou Recueil de ses Bulletins, 4th series, Tome I (Brussels, 1873), XIV, p. 122. 

[420] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 505. 

[421] Roland, C. G. ‘Histoire généalogique de la maison de Rumigny-Florennes’, Annales de la Société Archéologique de Namur, Tome 19 (Namur, 1891), p. 158. 

[422] Chronicon Lamberti Parvi, a Reinerio Monacho Continuatum, 1207, Veterum Scriptorum, Tome V, p. 22. 

[423] Ernst (1839), Tome III (Liège), p. 373, citing Miræus Opera diplomatica, Tome II, p. 1183. 

[424] Jeantin (1851), Tome I, p. 155. 

[425] Chronicon Sancti Huberti Andaginensis 66 (78), MGH SS VIII, p. 601. 

[426] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[427] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber II, Cap. I, p. 299. 

[428] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber II, Cap. XXIII, p. 317. 

[429] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[430] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[431] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[432] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 508. 

[433] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 2, MGH SS VIII, p. 517. 

[434] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 18, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[435] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1131, MGH SS XXIII, p. 830. 

[436] Jeantin (1851), Tome I, p. 155. 

[437] Orval, III, p. 6. 

[438] Orval, XX, p. 32. 

[439] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1226, MGH SS XXIII, p. 918. 

[440] Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome III (Louvain, Brussels, 1866), p. 237. 

[441] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1170, MGH SS XXIII, p. 853. 

[442] Orval, XX, p. 32. 

[443] Orval, XXVIII, p. 42. 

[444] Ardenne Saint-Hubert, Tome I, CXVII, p. 150. 

[445] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[446] Orval, XX, p. 32. 

[447] Orval, XXII, p. 34. 

[448] Orval, XXVIII, p. 42. 

[449] Orval, XXIX, p. 44. 

[450] Orval, XL, p. 68. 

[451] Ardenne Saint-Hubert, Tome I, CXVII, p. 150. 

[452] Orval, LVIII, p. 94. 

[453] Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome III (Louvain, Brussels, 1866), p. 234. 

[454] Orval, XXIX, p. 44. 

[455] Orval, XL, p. 68. 

[456] Orval, LVIII, p. 94. 

[457] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 410, p. 172. 

[458] Orval, LXXVI, p. 115. 

[459] Orval, LXXIX, p. 117. 

[460] Orval, XCV, p. 134. 

[461] Orval, XCVI, p. 135. 

[462] Orval, CIX, p. 149. 

[463] Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome III (Louvain, Brussels, 1866), p. 234. 

[464] Orval, LVIII, p. 94. 

[465] Orval, LXXVI, p. 115. 

[466] Orval, LXXIX, p. 117. 

[467] Orval, XCII, p. 131. 

[468] Orval, LXXIX, p. 117. 

[469] Orval, XCIII, p. 133. 

[470] Orval, CII, p. 141. 

[471] Orval, CVII, p. 146.  

[472] Orval, CIX, p. 149. 

[473] Orval, CXXIV, p. 166. 

[474] Bormans, S. (ed.) (1875) Cartulaire de la commune de Couvin (Namur) ("Couvin"), 2, p. 6. 

[475] Orval, CXLIV, p. 183. 

[476] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1226, MGH SS XXIII, p. 918. 

[477] Orval, CXLIX, p. 189. 

[478] Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome III (Louvain, Brussels, 1866), p. 238. 

[479] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, pp. 560-1. 

[480] Orval, CXXIV, p. 166. 

[481] Orval, CXLIX, p. 189. 

[482] Orval, CCXV, p. 247. 

[483] Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome III (Louvain, Brussels, 1866), p. 239. 

[484] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, p. 561. 

[485] Orval, CXXIV, p. 166. 

[486] Orval, CXLIX, p. 189. 

[487] Jeantin (1851), Tome I, p. 264. 

[488] Ernst, S. P. (1847) Histoire de Limbourg, Tome VI (Liège), CCCXXVI, 47, p. 435. 

[489] Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome III (Louvain, Brussels, 1866), p. 224. 

[490] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, p. 561. 

[491] Orval, CXXIV, p. 166. 

[492] Saige, G., Lacaille, H. and Labande, L. H. (1902) Trésor des chartes du comté de Rethel (Monaco) (“Chartes Rethel”), Tome I, LXXI, p. 108. 

[493] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, p. 561. 

[494] Goffinet, H. (1879) Cartulaire de l’abbaye d’Orval (Brussels) (“Orval”), LXXXVI, p. 123. 

[495] Berlière ‘Seigneurs de Walcourt’ (1893), p. 42, citing “Cartulaire de Saint-Foillan, aux archives du royaume [de Belgique], du XIII siècle: Cartul. et Manuscrits, no. 115a, pp. 225-6”. 

[496] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[497] Orval, XXVIII, p. 42. 

[498] Orval, XXIX, p. 44. 

[499] Ardenne Saint-Hubert, Tome I, CXVII, p. 150. 

[500] Orval, LVIII, p. 94. 

[501] Gachard, M. ‘Notice d’une Collection de documents concernant le comté de Chiny qui est conservée dans les Archives départementales de la Moselle, à Metz’, Compte rendu des séances de la Commission Royale d’Histoire ou Recueil de ses Bulletins, Series 3, Tome 10 (Brussels, 1869), p. 105. 

[502] Gachard ‘Chiny’ (1869), p. 105. 

[503] ES VII 42. 

[504] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[505] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[506] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 3, 5, MGH SS VIII, p. 517. 

[507] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[508] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851. 

[509] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1187, MGH SS XXIII, p. 861. 

[510] Barbier, J. (ed.) ´Obituaire de l´abbaye de Brogne ou de Saint-Gérard´, Analectes pour servir à l´histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome XVIII (2e série, Tome II) (Louvain, 1882) ("Brogne Necrology"), p. 334.