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MECKLENBURG

  v3.1 Updated 15 July 2015

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                PRINCES of the OBOTRITES 8th-10th CENTURIES. 3

Chapter 2.                DUKES of the SORBS. 5

Chapter 3.                KINGS of the WILTZI 6

Chapter 4.                PRINCES of the WENDS, PRINCES in WAGRIA. 7

Chapter 5.                  PRINCES of the OBOTRITES, HERREN von MECKLENBURG to 1329. 13

Chapter 6.                GRAFEN von SCHWERIN. 24

Chapter 7.                 HERREN zu WERLE 1230-1425, FÜRSTEN zu WENDEN 1418-1425. 30

Chapter 8.                HERZOGEN von MECKLENBURG 1348-1507. 36

Chapter 9.                HERZOGEN von MECKLENBURG-STARGARD 1377-1471. 40

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The Slav rulers of the southern Baltic shore, east of the Jutland peninsula and west of the territory later known as Pomerania, are shown in this document.  Information concerning the early Slav leaders is found in Helmold's Chronica Slavorum and in various Frankish annals, although all these sources give a far from complete picture of their activities and their family relationships.  The most complete list of Slav tribes in the area is found in Helmold who names "Heruli vel Heveldi qui sunt iuxta Habolam fluvium, et Dozani, Leubuzi et Willisi, Stoderasi" as the Slavs who lived "inter Oderam et Albium" (the Oder and Elbe rivers), adding that "post Odere…in Winulorum provincia" lived "Kycini et Circipani…Tholenzi et Redari" who were called "Wilzi sive Lutici", that beyond that lived "Linguones et Warnavi" and "Obotriti", and that "Wagirensem provinciam" lay across "fluvius Traveus" and in which "Vemere…Wagiris…Rani qui et Ruisni" lived[1].  The context suggests that this was an exclusive list of all tribes in the Baltic coastal region before Charles I King of the Franks (later Emperor Charlemagne) conquered Saxony, although subsequent passages in Helmold fail to record the later history of all these named tribes some of which are never mentioned again.  Einhard's Annales record a council at Frankfurt in 822 attended by legates from "orientalium Sclavorum, id est Abodritorum, Soraborum, Wiltzorum, Beheimorum, Marvanorum, Prædenecentorum et in Pannonia residentium Avarum"[2], of which only the "Abodritorum…Wiltzorum" lived in the coastal Baltic area, the former presumably being identified with the "Obotriti" and the latter with the "Wilzi sive Lutici", although it is not clear which of the long list of tribes in Helmold's earlier listing would have been considered subsumed into these two groups. 

 

In a later passage, Helmold describes Frankish pressure on the western Slavic territories during the course of the Carolingian conquest of Saxony.  He names "Winuli sive Winithi" as the Slav peoples who lived in "Hammemburgensem parrochiam", describing how the boundaries of the latter were pushed eastwards across the Elbe into "Nordalbingia" where the "Thethmarcos, Holsatos, Sturmarios" peoples lived, and further eastwards as far as "flumen Penim" in the lands of the "Wagiri, Obotriti, Kycini, Circipani"[3].  After the Frankish conquest of Saxony was completed in the late 9th century, according to Reuter the area east of the river Elbe was forcibly evacuated and abandoned to the Obotrites[4], although this appears to represent a simplification of events when compared with the complex descriptions in Helmold.  At the same time as the Franks expanded their control of Saxony to the east, the incursions of the Danes from the north resulted in further pressure on Slav territories along the southern shore of the Baltic.  Helmold says that in the mid-10th century these two incursionary waves spread as far as the town of "Aldenburg…que Sclavica lingua Starigard…in terra Wagirorum" in which a church dedicated to St John the Baptist was founded, in his description speaking only of the "Obotritorum sive Kicinorum" as the dominant Slav tribe in the area[5].  Relations between the Saxons and the Slav tribes remained tense throughout the 10th to 12th centuries, not only because of the competition for territory but also because all efforts to convert the pagan Slavs to Christianity failed before the mid-12th century. 

 

The various Frankish annals suggest that the Obotrites were the dominant Slav tribe during the 9th and 10th centuries (see Chapter 1).  However, no record has been found of the name of any Obotrite leader between the late 10th and mid-12th centuries, suggesting that they were eclipsed by other forces.  A limited amount of information has been found relating to the Dukes of the Sorbs (Chapter 2) and the Kings of the Wiltzi (Chapter 3).  Primary sources show the Wends as the dominant Slav force in the Baltic coastal area in the 11th century, and that most other tribes paid tribute to Heinrich Wendish Prince of Wagria in the early 12th century (see Chapter 4).  Helmold records that "Wagiri, Polabi, Obotriti, Kicini, Cyrcipani, Lutici, Pomerani" were the Slav tribes "inter Albiam et mare Balticum" led by Prince Heinrich[6].  However, Heinrich's successors were eliminated by Knud "Lavard" of Denmark, who was installed by Emperor Lothar as ruler in Wagria in [1128/29].  After Knud was murdered in 1131, two new local Slav leaders emerged in the area.  Pribislaw, a relative of Heinrich of Wagria, took control of Wagria, while Niklot obtained control of the Obotrite territories.  Pribislaw died without heirs, after nominating Albrecht "der Bär" as his successor, and his lands comprised the nucleus around which the powerful state of Brandenburg later developed.  The descendants of the Obotrite leader Niklot consolidated their position in Mecklenburg, where they ruled as dukes until the end of the First World War (see Chapters 5 and 7 to 9).  Helmold records that "Niclotus" held "castra…Ylowe, Mikilinburg, Zverin et Dobin…Wurle", which were overrun by Heinrich Duke of Saxony[7].  Duke Heinrich later transferred the county of Schwerin to Günzel von Hagen as a hereditary fief (see Chapter 6). 

 

The duchy of Saxony’s dominance of Mecklenburg was challenged by Denmark and Brandenburg in the 13th and 14th centuries, as reflected in the confirmation charters granted by all three powers in the area.  In particular, the Danish king’s title (“rex Daciæ et Slavorum”) demonstrated the kingdom’s ambitions in north-eastern Germany, although its practical impact on the ground was probably limited.  The need to balance the influence of all these competing forces is reflected in the marital alliances contracted by the Herren von Mecklenburg, while the situation was to a certain extent resolved when in 1348 Mecklenburg’s status as an imperial fief was confirmed with the ducal title accorded to its rulers.  Thereafter the Mecklenburg dukes expanded their local influence, with for example Albrecht III Herzog von Mecklenburg succeeding as Swedish king in 1364. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    PRINCES of the OBOTRITES 8th-10th CENTURIES

 

 

The family relationships, if any, between the early Princes of the Obotrites are not known, except as indicated below.  It is possible that the leaders were chosen from rival clans and were not related to each other. 

 

 

1.         WITZAN (-795).  The Annales Laurissenses Continuatio names "Witzan" as "Abotriti…princeps" in 789[8].  The Gesta Francorum records that "Witzan dux Abodritorum" was killed in 795 by the Saxons[9].  The Annales Laurissenses Continuatio records that "Witzin Abodritorum rex" was killed by the Saxons in 795[10]

 

 

1.         THRASCO (-killed in battle Reria 809).  The Annales Laurissenses Continuatio records that the "Nordliudi", together with the missi of Charles I King of the Franks, defeated "Thrasuconem ducem Abotritorum et Eburisum" in 798[11].  Einhard records a dispute between "Drasconem ducem Abodritorum" and "Godelaibum alium ducem…et cum eis filium fratris sui…Reginoldum", the latter being killed in 808[12].  Einhard records that "Thrasco dux Abodritorum" was killed by "hominibus Godofridi" in "emporie Rerie" in 809[13].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Thrasco dux Abotritorum" was killed in 809 "in emporio Reric ab hominibus Godafridi" after laying waste to land with the help of "Saxonum Wilzos et Smeldingos"[14]m ---.  The name of Thrasco's wife is not known.  Thrasco & his wife had one child: 

a)         CEADROGO (-in Saxony 821).  Einhard's Annales record that "Sclaomir Abodritorum rex" was sent into exile in 819 and the kingdom given to "Ceadrogo Thrasconis filius"[15].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Ceadrogo filio Thrasconis" made peace with the Danes in 817 with "Sclaomir dux Abodritorum", his succession in 819 after Sclaomir was sent into exile, and his own deposition after he allied himself with the Danes in 821, after which Sclaomir was recalled to rule[16].  Einhard's Annales name "Ceadrigo filio Thrasconis" in 817[17].  Einhard's Annales record the death in 821 of "Ceadragus Abodritorum princeps" when he was in Saxony[18]

 

 

1.         SCLAOMIR (-after 819).  Einhard's Annales record that "Sclaomir Abodritorum rex" was sent into exile in 819 and the kingdom given to "Ceadrogo Thrasconis filius"[19].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Sclaomir dux Abodritorum" seized power after the death of "Thrasconis" in 817, made peace with the Danes in 817 being "iratus cum populo suo sibi", was sent into exile in 819, but that he resumed power in 819 after Ceadrogo was removed because of his alliance with the Danes[20]

 

 

1.         GOTZOMIUSLI (-killed in battle 844).  The Annales Fuldenses record that "rege eorum [=Abodritos] Gotzomiuzli" was killed when "Hludowicus" made war on the Abotrites and ordered the subjugation of their territory "per duces" in 844[21]

 

 

1.         TABOMIUZ .  The Gesta Francorum names "ducem eorum [=Abodritos] Tabomiuzlem" when recording his rebellion in 862 when he and his sons were besieged[22].  The Annales Fuldenses record the same event[23]

 

 

1.         BILLUG (-after 963).  Helmold names "Billug" as "regulus Obotritorum" in the mid-10th century[24]m (repudiated) ---, sister of WAGO Bishop of Stargard, daughter of ---.  Helmold names "Billug" as "regulus Obotritorum" in the mid-10th century, recording that he married the sister of Wago Bishop of Stargard but later repudiated her which triggered war[25].  Billug & [his wife] had two children: 

a)         MISSIZLA .  Helmold names "Missizla" as son of "regulus Obotritorum Billug" when recording that he and his father captured episcopal properties during the war with the bishop of Stargard[26].  Helmold names "Missiszla, Naccon et Sederich" as "principes Sclavorum qui Winuli sive Winithi dicuntur" during the reign of Bolesław I of Poland (who succeeded as Prince in 992), specifying that "Missizlaus, Obotritorum princeps" was brother of "Hodicam"[27]

b)         HODICA .  Helmold names "Hodicam" as the daughter of "regulus Obotritorum…Billug" and his wife, recording that her maternal uncle installed her as abbess of Mecklenburg[28].  Helmold records that "Missizlaus, Obotritorum princeps…sororem suam…Hodicam" was removed from her monastery to marry Bolesław of Poland, while many other nuns were sent "in terram Wilzorum sive Ranorum" and the monastery dissolved[29].  This is the only source so far identified which refers to this marriage of Prince Bolesław.  m ([987/92]) as his third wife, BOŁESLAW I "Chrobry" Prince of Poland, son of MIESZKO I Prince of Poland & his second wife Dobrava [Dobroslawa] of Bohemia ([967]-17 Jun 1025).  He declared himself King of Poland in 1024.] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    DUKES of the SORBS

 

 

1.         MILIDUOCH (-killed in battle 806).  Einhard records that "Karolum filium suum [Karoli imperatoris]" invaded "terram Sclavorum…Sorabi" in 806 as far as "super Albium fluvium" and that "Miliduoch Sclavorum dux" was killed during the campaign[30].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Karolus iunior" was sent by his father as missus "in Sorabos super Albim fluvium" in 806 and killed "ducem eorum Miliduoch"[31]

 

2.         ZISTIBORO (-after 858).  The Annales Fuldenses name "Sorabi duce eius Zistiboro" in 858[32]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    KINGS of the WILTZI

 

 

The Annales Fuldenses record that "Thrasco dux Abotritorum" was killed in 809 "in emporio Reric ab hominibus Godafridi" after laying waste to land with the help of "Saxonum Wilzos et Smeldingos"[33].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "castellum…Hohbuochi Albiæ fluminum adpositum", where "Odo legatus imperator et orientalium Saxonum erat præsidium", was captured in 810 by "Wilzis"[34]

 

 

1.         LIUBUS (-before May 823).  Einhard's Annales record a council at Frankfurt in May 823 which discussed the succession dispute between "duo fratres, reges…Wiltzorum…Milegastus [qui maior natu erat] et Cealadragus…filii Liubi regis Wiltzorum"[35]m ---.  The name of Liubus's wife is not known.  Liubus & his wife had two children: 

a)         MILEGASTUS .  Einhard's Annales record a council at Frankfurt in May 823 which discussed the succession dispute between "duo fratres, reges…Wiltzorum…Milegastus [qui maior natu erat] et Cealadragus…filii Liubi regis Wiltzorum"[36]

b)         CEALADRAGUS .  Einhard's Annales record a council at Frankfurt in May 823 which discussed the succession dispute between "duo fratres, reges…Wiltzorum…Milegastus [qui maior natu erat] et Cealadragus…filii Liubi regis Wiltzorum"[37]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    PRINCES of the WENDS, PRINCES in WAGRIA

 

 

1.         BURISLAW, son of --- .  972.  Prince of the Wends.  m firstly ---.  No direct indication of Burislaw's first marriage has yet been found.  However, the chronology of events recorded concerning his daughters suggest that his [second] wife Tyre could not have been their mother.  m [secondly] (divorced) as her second husband, TYRE Haraldsdatter of Denmark, widow of STYRBJÖRN [Björn] “den Starke/the Strong" of Sweden, daughter of HARALD I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" King of Denmark & his [first wife Gunhild ---] (-18 Sep [1000]).  Snorre records the betrothal of "Thyre, a daughter of Harald and King Svein's sister" and "King Burizleif " as part of the deal reached for the release of her brother after he was captured at Jomsborg[38].  Snorre records the marriage in a later passage, Tyre's flight from her new husband to Norway and her marriage to King Olav[39].  Adam of Bremen records the marriage of "Olaph Trucconis filius" and "a Dania superbissimam Thore" soon after he returned to Norway after exile in England[40].  Adam of Bremen records that, after the death of her husband, his wife starved herself to death[41].  She married thirdly (Tønsberg 998) as his fourth wife, Olav I Trygveson King of Norway.  Burislaw & his [first] wife had [three] children: 

a)         GYDA [Geira] (-984).  Snorre names "Geira, Gunhild and Astrid" as the three daughters of "in Vindland…a king called Burizleif", recording that Geira was queen in the part of the country in which Olav landed when returning from Garderike.  He records that that they married in 982 and that Olav stayed in Vindland to rule jointly with his wife[42].  Snorre records that Geira died after Olaf Trygvason had been in Vindland for three years[43]m ([982]) as his first wife, OLAV Trygveson, son of TRYGVE Olavsson [Norway] & his wife Åstrid Eiriksdatter (posthumously [968][44]-drowned Øresund o. b. Svold, near Rügen 9 Sep [1000]).  He imposed himself as OLAV I King of Norway in [995].   

b)         ASTRID .  Snorre names "Geira, Gunhild and Astrid" as the three daughters of "in Vindland…a king called Burizleif"[45].  Snorre names "Astrid, a daughter of King Burizleif" as the wife of Sigvalde[46]m SIGVALDI, son of STRUTHARALD King in Skåne & his wife ---.  Jarl at Jomsborg. 

c)         GUNHILD (-before [1000]).  Snorre names "Geira, Gunhild and Astrid" as the three daughters of "in Vindland…a king called Burizleif"[47].  In a later passage, he records Gunhild's marriage to Svend King of Denmark arranged as part of the peace deal brokered with the Wends by Sigvaldi (Jarl at Jomsborg) who was already married to another daughter of Burizlaw[48].  According to Snorre, Gunhild died before King Svend's second marriage but no precise date is given[49]m ([988/90]) as his first wife, SVEND I "Tveskæg/Forkbeard" King of Denmark, son of HARALD I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" King of Denmark & his first wife Gunhild ([960]-Gainsborough 3 Feb 1014, bur in England, later removed to Roskilde). 

Burislaw & his [second] wife had [one] child: 

d)         GUNHILD (-after 1045).  Gunhild must have been much younger than her sisters who are named above if the date of her first marriage is correct.  Florence of Worcester names "the noble lady Gunhilda daughter of king Wyrtgeorn by Canute's sister and successively the wife of earls Hakon and Harold" when recording that she was banished from England in 1044 with her two sons Haakon and Harald and went to Bruges, later to Denmark[50].  It is not, however, certain that Gunhild was the daughter of Burislaw by his wife Tyre of Denmark as it would mean that she was the first cousin of her first husband.  Gunhild is named "kinswoman of King Cnut" in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, when recording that she was expelled from England in 1045 and for a long time thereafter lived at Bruges before going to Denmark[51]m firstly (1029) HAKON Eiriksson Jarl in Norway, son of ERIK Hakonsson Earl of Northumbria & his wife Gyda Svendsdatter ([998]-drowned Pentland Firth 1030 before 29 Jul[52]).  According to Florence of Worcester, "Hakon a Danish earl who had married the noble lady Gunilda, his [=King Canute's] sister's daughter by Wyrtgeorn king of the Winidi" was banished from England in 1029 by King Canute "for he feared that the earl would take either his life or his kingdom"[53]m secondly ([1031]) HARALD Thorkilsen Jarl, son of THORKIL "Havi/the Tall" Ealdorman of East Anglia & his [first] wife --- (after 1017-murdered 1043). 

 

 

1.         MSTIVOJ .  Adam of Bremen names "principes Winulorum…Mystiwoi et Mizzidrog" as leaders of a Slav rebellion in "Nortalbingia"[54], in a paragraph dealing with events in 1000.  Helmold records that "Mistiwoj" requested the hand in marriage of "neptem ducis Bernardi"[55]m ---.  The name of Mstivoj's wife is not known.  Mstivoj & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         UTO .  Adam of Bremen names "principes [Winulos] Gneus et Anatrog pagani…[et] Uto filius Mistiwoi…cristianus", recording that Uto was killed in Saxony[56]same person as…?  PRIBIGNIEV .  As shown below, the sources are contradictory regarding the name of the father of Gottschalk.  One solution would be that "Uto" and "Pribigniev" were in fact two names given to the same person.  -          see below

b)         [TOVE (-[990]).  Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by a Runic stone at Sönder Vissing, Denmark which records that "Tufa let gera [make] kuml [monument], Mistiuis do´tter,ept [daughter] Mo´thur [mother] sina.Kona [queen] Haralds hins Goda,Gorms sonar"[57]Europäische Stammtafeln identifies Tove´s father as Mstivoj the Wendish prince[58].  The name of Tove´s father, "Mistiuis", on the Runic stone bears some similarity to Mstivoj.  However, one difficulty is the apparent chronological discrepancy.  The only other reference to Mstivoj is dated to 1000 and gives no idea about his age at the time.  Nor is there any indication of the date of Tove´s marriage, although it appears unlikely that she married much later than 980 considering the date her husband died.  This would place her birth in [960] which, in turn, would mean that Mstivoj would have been over 60 years old when he is mentioned in 1000.  This is not impossible, but it seems a little surprising.  Another possibility is that she was Tove of Poland, daughter of Mieszko I Prince of Poland.  The name "Mieszko" is just as similar to "Mistiuis" as "Mstivoj".  This would place her birth after 966, later than suggested above, assuming that she was Mieszko´s daughter by his wife Dobrava of Bohemia.  If this hypothesis is correct, Tove could have been the sister of the first wife of King Harald´s son, King Svend, implying a father/son double marriage with two sisters.  This would place King Svend´s marriage rather earlier than the date suggested below, but the idea is not impossible.  m as his second wife, HARALD I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" King of Denmark, son of GORM "den Gamle/the Old" King of Denmark & his wife Tyre "Danebod" (before 935-Jomsborg 1 Dec [986/87], bur Roskilde Cathedral).]

 

2.         MIZZIDROG .  Adam of Bremen names "principes Winulorum…Mystiwoi et Mizzidrog" as leaders of a Slav rebellion in "Nortalbingia"[59], in a paragraph dealing with events in 1000. 

 

 

1.         ANATROG .  Adam of Bremen names "principes Sclavorum Anatrog et Gneus et Ratibor", recording that they came to Hamburg to sign a peace agreement[60], the passage being undated but the next but one paragraph recording events in 1039. 

 

2.         GNEUS .  Adam of Bremen names "principes Sclavorum Anatrog et Gneus et Ratibor", recording that they came to Hamburg to sign a peace agreement[61], the passage being undated but the next but one paragraph recording events in 1039. 

 

3.         RATIBOR (-killed [1042]).  Adam of Bremen names "principes Sclavorum Anatrog et Gneus et Ratibor", recording that they came to Hamburg to sign a peace agreement[62], the passage being undated but the next but one paragraph recording events in 1039.  Adam of Bremen records that "Ratibor dux Sclavorum" was killed by "Danis…Sclavis terribilis", specifying that Ratibor was a Christian and that he had eight sons who were all killed by Danis[63]

 

 

PRIBIGNEV, son of [UTO] --- .  He was killed by the Saxons[64]

m ---.  The name of Pribignev's wife is not known. 

Pribignev & his wife had [one child]: 

1.         [GOTTSCHALK (-murdered 7 Jun 1066).  Son of Pribignev according to Saxo Grammaticus[65].  On the other hand, Adam of Bremen names "filium [Uto] Gotescalcum", recording that he was studying in Lüneburg when his father was killed[66].  Adam of Bremen records the marriage of "Godescalcus…de quo supra dictum est" and "filia regis Danorum"[67].  Prince of the Wends and of the Obotrites.  He cooperated with the missionary efforts of Adalbero Archbishop of Hamburg who established missionary bishoprics in Wagria, Ratzeburg and Mecklenburg[68].  Adam of Bremen records that "Gotescalcus" was killed by Bernhard[69].  He was supplanted by Cruto[70], after the Wendish uprising in 1066 when the missionary bishoprics were destroyed[71].]  [m firstly ---.  No direct reference has been found to this first marriage of Gottschalk.  However, his son and successor Buthu appears to have been adult on the death of his father, suggesting that he was not born from the same marriage as Gottschalk's son Heinrich.]  m [secondly] SIGRID Svendsdatter of Denmark, illegitimate daughter of SVEND II Estridsen King of Denmark & his mistress --- (-1066 or after).  Adam of Bremen records that "filia regis Danorum" was the wife of "Gotescalcus princeps"[72].  After her husband was killed, she sought refuge with her father in Denmark[73].  Gottschalk & his first wife had [one] child: 

a)         BUTHU (-killed in battle 1072).  Helmold names "filium eius Butue" as son and successor of "Godescalcus"[74].  Prince in Wagria.  Helmold records that "Butue" was killed in battle by "Cruto" who obtained "dominium in universa terra Sclavorum"[75]

Gottschalk & his [second] wife had [two] children: 

b)         HEINRICH ([1059]-22 Mar [1126]).  Adam of Bremen names "Heinricum" as the son of "Gotescalcus princeps" & his wife[76].  He reconquered Wagria from Cruto, then in 1093 used Saxon allies to subdue the Obotrites.  In [1112] he waged war on the Rugians and Leutizi in the east and the Linguones to the south[77].  He was "unjustly deprived of his mother's possessions" by Niels King of Denmark and harried the Danes constantly to reclaim them, laying waste the province between the Elbe and Schleswig.  He eventually agreed to sell the disputed territory to Knud "Lavard" of Denmark Count in Schleswig[78], whom Lothar King of Germany later enfeoffed as Prince of Wagria after Heinrich's death[79].  He established his seat at Altlübeck, at the confluence of the Schwartau and Trave rivers.  This provided a base for the revived missionary work of canon Vizelin from Bremen in 1126[80].  The death of “Heinricus rex Sclauorum” is recorded “XI Kal Apr[81].  [m firstly ---.  No direct indication has been found of this first marriage.  However, Heinrich's sons Mistue and Waldemar were adult in 1112, which suggests that they were more likely born from an earlier marriage of their father's.]  m [secondly] ([1093]) as her second husband, SLAVINA, widow of CRUTO Prince of Wagria, daughter of ---.  Helmold names "Slavina, uxor Crutonis", and records her second marriage with "Heinricus filius Godescalci"[82], undated but the date 1093 inserted in the margin of the edition.  Heinrich & his [first] wife had two children: 

i)          MISTUE .  Helmold names "Mistue, filium Heinrici", when recording that he suppressed the rebellion of the Obotrites[83]

ii)         WALDEMAR (-killed in battle 1112).  Helmold names "unus filius Heinrici, Woldemarus", when recording that he was killed "a Ranis"[84]

Heinrich & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

iii)        SWENTEPOLK (-1128).  Helmold names "filii Heinrici, Zventepolch nec non Kanutus", recording that they fought over the succession of their father before agreeing a partition of their territories[85].  Helmold records that "Zwentepolch" was killed by "Dasonis predivitis de Holtsatia" after taking refuge "ad Falderensem portum"[86]m ---.  The name of Svend's wife is not known.  Sventepolk & his wife had one child: 

(a)       SVEND (-[1128/29]).  Helmold records that "Zventepolch filius…Zvinike" was killed "apud Ertheneburg urbem Transalbianorum", after which "principatus Sclavorum" was transferred to "Kanutum, filium Herici regis Danorum"[87]

iv)       KNUD (-killed in battle Lutilinburg 1127).  Helmold names "filii Heinrici, Zventepolch nec non Kanutus", recording that they fought over the succession of their father before agreeing a partition of their territories[88].  Prince in Wagria.  Helmold records that "Kanutus" was killed "in urbe Lutilinburg" soon after the brothers agreed to share power[89]

c)         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

i)          PRIBISLAW-HEINRICH (-1140).  Helmold records that "fratruelem Heinrici Pribizlaum" was captured by "Kanutum, filium Herici regis Danorum" after he was installed by Emperor Lothar as ruler of the Slavs and imprisoned in Schleswig[90]Prince of the Hevelli.  Helmold records that "Pribizlaus atque Niclotus" succeeded in the Slav territories "uno…Wagirensium atque Polaborum, altero Obotritorum" after the death of "Kanutus cognomento Laward"[91], dated to 1131.  Helmold records that "Race, de semine Crutonis" unsuccessfully challenged "Pribizlaum" as leader of the Slavs[92], dated to after 1137.  Helmold records that he was converted to Christianity[93].  He appointed Albrecht "der Bär" Graf von Ballenstedt, Duke of Saxony his heir in Brandenburg[94].  The Annales Palidenses record the death in 1150 of "Henricus de Brandenburg", specifying that he had made "marchio Adelbertus" his heir[95].  The Cronicæ Principum Saxoniæ names "in Brandenburg quidam rex qui Slavice dicibatur Pribislaus" who was called "post…baptismo Henricus" when recording that he adopted "Ursum" as his heir in 1139 as he was childless[96]m PETRISSA, daughter of ---.  After her husband's death, she handed the fort of Brandenburg to Albrecht "der Bär"94.  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Petrissa" as wife of "rex Henricus dictus Pribezlaus"[97]

 

 

1.         GRINUSm ---.  The name of the wife of Grinus is not known.  Grinus & his wife had one child: 

a)         CRUTO [Burislaw] (-killed in battle [1093]).  Helmold names "Crutonem, filium Grini"[98].  Prince in Wagria 1072.  Helmold records that "Butue" was killed in battle by "Cruto" who obtained "dominium in universa terra Sclavorum"[99].  Helmold records the death of "Cruto, Sclavorum princeps et cristiani nominis persecutor", killed by "Heinricus filius Godescalci" after returning from exile in Denmark[100], undated but the date 1093 inserted in the margin of the edition.  m as her first husband, SLAVINA, daughter of ---.  Helmold names "Slavina, uxor Crutonis", and records her second marriage with "Heinricus filius Godescalci"[101], undated but the date 1093 inserted in the margin of the edition.  She married secondly Heinrich Prince of Wagria.  Cruto & his wife had [one] child: 

i)          [RACE (-after 1137).  Helmold records that "Race, de semine Crutonis" unsuccessfully challenged "Pribizlaum" as leader of the Slavs[102], dated to after 1137.  It is not known whether Race was the son or grandson of Cruto.] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    PRINCES of the OBOTRITES, HERREN von MECKLENBURG to 1329

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known:   

1.         NIKLOT (-killed in battle 1160).  Prince of the Obotrites, Kessins and Circipans, Herr zu Schwerin, Queitzow and Malchow[103].  Helmold records that "maiorem terre Obotritorum Niclotum" was captured by "Kanutum, filium Herici regis Danorum" after he was installed by Emperor Lothar as ruler of the Slavs and imprisoned in Schleswig[104].  Helmold records that "Pribizlaus atque Niclotus" succeeded in the Slav territories "uno…Wagirensium atque Polaborum, altero Obotritorum" after the death of "Kanutus cognomento Laward"[105], dated to 1131.  As a heathen, he was the object of a coalition of Danish and Saxon forces which led a crusade against him in 1147 in response to a call from Pope Eugene III to convert "the infidels of the north"[106].  Niklot fortified the fortress of Dobin on Lake Schwerin and appealed to Adolf II Graf von Holstein, with whom he had a treaty of friendship, to mediate.  Niklot advanced into Wagria, and in Jun 1147 raided Lübeck[107].  The Saxon/Danish army besieged Dobin, but the siege was raised after the Obotrites undertook to embrace Christianity[108].  Although some of his followers were nominally persuaded to be baptised, this proved to be a symbolic conversion and Niklot continued to rule as a heathen warlord.  Helmold records that "Niclotus" held "castra…Ylowe, Mikilinburg, Zverin et Dobin…Wurle" which were overrun by Heinrich Duke of Saxony who defeated and killed Niklot[109].  The Annales Magdeburgenses record in 1160 that Duke Heinrich invaded “terram Sclavorum” and killed “principem eorum Niuclath qui et Nicolaus[110]m ---.  The name of Niklot's wife is not known.  Niklot & his wife had three children: 

a)         PRIBISLAW (-30 Dec [1177/78], bur Lüneburg St. Michael).  Helmold names "Pribizlavus et Wertizlavus" as sons of "Niclotus", recording in later passages that their jurisdiction was restricted to "terra Kicinorum et Circipanorum" after the death of their father but that they reconquered "terra Obotritorum"[111].  Prince of the Slavs.  Prince of the Obotrites. 

-        see below

b)         WERTISLAW (-hanged Malchow [May/Jun] 1164).  Helmold names "Pribizlavus et Wertizlavus" as sons of "Niclotus", recording in later passages that their jurisdiction was restricted to "terra Kicinorum et Circipanorum" after the death of their father but that they reconquered "terra Obotritorum"[112].  He was captured in 1163 by Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony during his assault on Werle and deported to Brunswick[113].  He was publicly hanged at Malchow, accused of being the instigator of his brother's uprising in early 1164[114].  Helmold records that "Wertizlavus…Nicloti filius iunior" was held in chains in Brunswick and later hanged[115]m --- (-after 1182).  The name of Wertislaw's wife is not known.  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum records that "matrem Nycloti qui Wertizlavi filius fuerat" was captured in "castrum Ylowe"[116], undated but dated to [1182] from the context of other passages.  Wertislaw & his wife had one child: 

i)          NIKLOT [Nikolaus] [II] (-killed in battle near Waschow 25 May 1200).  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum names "Nycloti qui Wertizlavi filius fuerat", when specifying that his mother was captured in "castrum Ylowe", and in a later passage recording that "Niclotus, qui et Nicolaus" was captured "in terra Buggezlavi" and placed in chains[117], undated but dated to [1182] from the context of other passages.  Prince of the Slavs, Herr von Rostock.  He did homage to Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" in 1181[118].  Knud VI King of Denmark forced the submission of the Mecklenburg princes in 1184[119].  “Nicolaus…Slauorum princeps” donated property to Kloster Doberan by charter dated 8 Apr 1189 which names “patruus meus Pribizlaus” and is subscribed by “Henricus Buruwe princeps de Michelenburc[120].  The death of “Nicolaus...Cuscinorum et Kissinorum princeps” is recorded, killed 1200 “VIII Kal Jun...in Warcho[121]

c)         PRISLAW (-[1165/75]).  Saxo Grammaticus records that “Nucleti...filio eius Priszlauo” settled in Denmark and was baptised[122].  Herr von Laaland.  m ([1159]) KATARIN Knudsdatter, daughter of KNUD Eriksson "Lavard" of Denmark King of the Wends, Count in Sønderjylland [Schleswig] & his wife Ingeborg Mstislavna of Kiev.  Snorre names (in order) "the Danish king Valdemar…and daughters Margaret, Christina and Catherine" as the children of "Canute Lavard" & his wife[123].  Saxo Grammaticus records that “Nucleti...filio eius Priszlauo” settled in Denmark, was baptised, and married “Waldemari sororem[124].  As Snorre records the marriages of her sisters Margrete and Kirstin (see the document DENMARK KINGS), Prislaw’s wife must presumably have been Katarin.  Prislaw & his wife had two children: 

i)          KNUD (-after 20 Nov 1183, bur Odense).  Saxo Grammaticus records that “Kanutus Priszlaui filius” held land “Lalandie fines in Dania” and led part of the Danish fleet to Rügen, dated to [Nov 1176][125].  “Kanutus Prizlaui principis filius” donated property to St Kanuts-Kirche in Odensee by charter dated 20 Nov 1183[126].  Herr von Laaland. 

ii)         WALDEMAR (-[1182]).  Etienne Abbot of Paris Saint-Geneviève notified “Canuto nobili viro de Dacia” of the death of “frater vester carnalis...iuvenis Waldemarus”, undated[127].  Canon in Paris. 

2.         LUBEMAR (-after 1160).  Helmold records that Heinrich Duke of Saxony appointed "Lubemarum quendam veteranum, fratrem Nicloti" as governor of Werle, undated but presumably some time after Niclot was killed in 1160[128]

 

 

PRIBISLAW, son of NIKLOT Prince of the Obotrites & his wife --- (-30 Dec [1177/78], bur Lüneburg St. Michael).  Helmold names "Pribizlavus et Wertizlavus" as sons of "Niclotus", recording in later passages that their jurisdiction was restricted to "terra Kicinorum et Circipanorum" after the death of their father but that they reconquered "terra Obotritorum"[129].  Prince of the Slavs.  Prince of the Obotrites [1157].  After the death of their father, his sons abandoned Werle, set fire to the castle and withdrew into the interior.  Later in 1160, they made peace with Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony and surrendered the whole area conquered by him, keeping only the districts of Kessin and Circipania with the fortress of Werle as a fief from Duke Heinrich[130].  Helmold records that Pribislaw held "omnia castra…Malachou, Cuscin, Zverin, Ilowe, Mikilinburg" after peace was restored[131].  He converted to Christianity[132]:  the late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Pribizlawus Magnopolitanorum et Kissinorum ac tocius Slauie regulus atque nobilis princeps” was baptised “III Kal May” 1164 and founded “claustrum Doberan[133].  Duke Heinrich forestalled a planned assault by the brothers in Spring 1163, captured Werle along with many of Pribislaw's followers.  Pribislaw renewed his efforts in Feb 1164, with help from Pomerania, and overran the fortress of Mecklenburg, Quetzin and Malchow[134].  He was defeated by the Saxons at Verchen, west of Demmin on the Kummerower See, and forced to surrender Demmin[135].  He was restored in [early 1167] as ruler of most of the Obotrite territory except the area of Schwerin, as a fief of the Duke of Saxony, choosing Werle for his residence[136].  He was reinvested in Mecklenburg, Kessin and Rostock by Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" 19 Sep 1171[137].  He founded the monastery of Doberan in the Kessin district in the north-eastern part of the diocese of Schwerin in 1171[138].  He accompanied Duke Heinrich on pilgrimage to Palestine in 1172[139].  Berno Bishop of Mecklenburg confirmed that “Pribizlaus...princeps Slauorum” donated land to Kloster Doberan, with the consent of “ducis Heinrici”, by charter dated 1 Feb 1177[140].  The death of “Prebizlauus princeps Slauorum” is recorded “III Kal Jan” in the necrology of Lüneburg St. Michael, as well as the donation made by “filius eius Borewinus[141].  An indication of the year of Pribislaw’s death is provided by Chemnitz’s Mecklenburg Chronicle which records that [his son] “Herr Henricus Burwinus” granted “die Helffte des schlosses Marlow” to “Henrico von Bützkow” in 1179[142].  His place of burial is confirmed by the charter dated 1219 under which [his son] “Borwinus...Magnopolitanus dominus” donated property to Lüneburg St. Michael “ubi corpus dicti patris nostri quiescit[143]

m ([1140/45]) WOISLAWA, daughter of --- (-Althof near Doberan [1172], bur Doberan Abbey).  The death and burial of “fundatrix Woizlav” is recorded in an inscription at Althof[144]Europäische Stammtafeln shows the wife of Pribislaw as the possible daughter of Wartislaw [I]: Woislawa, daughter of [Wartislaw [I] Duke of Pomerania & his wife ---][145].  The basis for this speculation has not been ascertained. 

Pribislaw & his wife had one child: 

1.         HEINRICH BORWIN [I] von Mecklenburg ([1150/60]-28 Jan 1227, bur Doberan).  The chronology of Heinrich Borwin [I]’s life suggests his birth in [1150/60].  Chemnitz’s 14th century Mecklenburg Chronicle records that “Herr Henricus Burwinus” granted “die Helffte des schlosses Marlow” to “Henrico von Bützkow” in 1179[146].  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum names "Burvinus filius Pribizlavi" when recording that he captured "castra Rostoch et Michelenburg", in a later passage naming him "Burvinus, qui et Heinricus"[147], undated but dated to [1182] from the context of other passages.  Knud VI King of Denmark forced the submission of the Mecklenburg princes in 1184[148]Herr von Mecklenburg.  “Heinricus Burwinus Magnopolitanorum et Kyzzenorum princeps” confirmed the rights and property of Kloster Doberan by charter dated [May/Dec] 1192 which names “Pribizlaui patris nostril Slauorum principis[149].  “Boburinus her zu Mekelnburg” granted “dem halben Schlosse Marlow...” to “her Heinrichen von Butysowe...” by charter dated 1210[150].  “Heinricus Borwinus Mekelnburgischer her” sold “das Dorff Zmaguntin” to the Knights of St. John at Lübeck, with the consent of “seiner Sohne Heinrici und Nicolai”, by charter dated 11 Jun 1217[151].  “Henricus Burewinus Magnopolitanorum et Kyzenorum princeps” confirmed properties of Kloster Doberan, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Heinrici et Nycolai”, by charter dated 1218[152].  “Heinricus Burwinus...princeps Slavorum cum filiis meis Heinrico et Nicolao” founded Kloster Sonnenkamp, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adeleidis”, by charter dated 1219[153].  “Borewinus...Magnipolensis dominus...cum uxore mea Adelheyde filiisque meis Heinrico et Nicolao” founded the Antonius-Hospital Tempzin by charter dated 7 Jun 1222[154].  “Borchwinus...dominus Magnopolensis” donated “villam Garze” to Havelberg, for “Mecthilde clare memorie nostra uxore”, by charter dated 29 Dec 1223[155].  “Burwinus...Magnopolensis dominus” granted freedoms to Gadebusch, with the consent of “filiorum nostrorum Heinrici et Nicolai”, by charter dated 1225[156].  “Heinricus…dominus de Rostoch” founded a convent at Güstrow, with the consent of “patris mei Burwini domini Magnopolensis, et filiorum meorum Johannis, Nicolai, Heinrici, Pribizlaui”, by charter dated 3 Jun 1226[157].  “Burwinus...dominus Magnopolensis” confirmed the foundation at Güstrow made by “filius noster Heinricus dominus de Roztoch” by charter dated 10 Aug 1226, witnessed by “carissimus filius noster Heinricus fundator ecclesie predicte...[158].  The necrology of St. Michael records the death “V Kal Feb” of “Heinricus Boruuinus frater noster” and the necrology of Doberan the death “V Kal Feb” 1227 of “Hinricus Burwy...princeps Magnopolensis, Sclauorum, Kissinorum[159].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “V Kal Feb” 1227 of “Hinricus Burwy...princeps Magnopolensis Sclavorum Kissinorum[160]m firstly (before 30 Dec 1178) MATHILDE von Sachsen, illegitimate daughter of HEINRICH "dem Löwen" Duke of Saxony and Bavaria [Welf] & his mistress --- von Bliescastel (before 1164-before 1219).  The Annales Stadenses refers to the wife of "Borewini" as "filiam…naturalem [ducis Henrici]"[161].  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum names "filiam Heinrici ducis…Mechthildam" as the wife of "Burvinus filius Pribizlavi"[162].  This marriage was arranged in furtherance of the alliance agreed between Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony after he enfeoffed Heinrich Borwin's father in 1167[163].  “Borchwinus...dominus Magnopolensis” donated “villam Garze” to Havelberg, for “Mecthilde clare memorie nostra uxore”, by charter dated 29 Dec 1223[164]m secondly (before 1219) ADELHEID, daughter of --- (-after 7 Jun 1222).  “Heinricus Burwinus...princeps Slavorum cum filiis meis Heinrico et Nicolao” founded Kloster Sonnenkamp, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adeleidis”, by charter dated 1219[165].  “Borewinus...Magnipolensis dominus...cum uxore mea Adelheyde filiisque meis Heinrico et Nicolao” founded the Antonius-Hospital Tempzin by charter dated 7 Jun 1222[166].  Heinrich Borwin [I] & his [first] wife had three children: 

a)         HEINRICH BORWIN [II] von Mecklenburg (-5 Jun 1226, bur Doberan).  The Annales Stadenses names "Heinricum et Nicolaum" as sons of "Borewini"[167].  Herr von Rostock. 

-        see below.  

b)         NIKOLAUS von Mecklenburg (-Burg Gadebusch 28 Sep [1225/26]).  The Annales Stadenses names "Heinricum et Nicolaum" as sons of "Borewini"[168].  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Nicolaus princeps Sclauie" confirmed donations to Kloster Amerlungborn by "bone memorie dominus Heinricus de Werle pater meus", in memory of "domini Buorwini avi mei et patrui mei Nicolai"[169].  “Heinricus Borwinus Mekelnburgischer her” sold “das Dorff Zmaguntin” to the Knights of St. John at Lübeck, with the consent of “seiner Sohne Heinrici und Nicolai”, by charter dated 11 Jun 1217[170].  “Henricus Burewinus Magnopolitanorum et Kyzenorum princeps” confirmed properties of Kloster Doberan, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Heinrici et Nycolai”, by charter dated 1218[171].  “Heinricus Burwinus...princeps Slavorum cum filiis meis Heinrico et Nicolao” founded Kloster Sonnenkamp, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adeleidis”, by charter dated 1219[172].  "Nicolaus et Heinricus fratres et domini de Rozstoch" confirmed possessions of Kloster Arnesse made by "Kazimarus necnon filius eius Wartizlaus" by charter dated 20 Jun 1219[173].  Herr von Mecklenburg: “Heinricus de Roztoc, Nicolaus de Magnopoli fratres” confirmed properties of Kloster Doberan, naming “Pribizlauus auus noster...dominus Henricus Buruwi genitor noster...nobis cognati domini N. principis de Roztoc”, by charter dated 1 Aug 1219[174].  “Borewinus...Magnipolensis dominus...cum uxore mea Adelheyde filiisque meis Heinrico et Nicolao” founded the Antonius-Hospital Tempzin by charter dated 7 Jun 1222[175].  “Burwinus...Magnopolensis dominus” granted freedoms to Gadebusch, with the consent of “filiorum nostrorum Heinrici et Nicolai”, by charter dated 1225[176].  The necrology of Kloster Amelungsborn records the death “IV Kal Oct” of “Nycolaus filius Burwini principis Slauorum” and his donation of “grangiam Drans cum stagno”, while the necrology of Doberan records that he died after falling “in castro Godebus[177]

c)         daughter (-after 8 Jul 1222).  A charter dated 8 Jul 1222, under which “Heinricus senior Burwinus Magnopolensis et filii mei Heinricus et Nicholaus” reached agreement with the bishop of Ratzeburg concerning various donations, including that the bishop would grant “tocius provincie Dartzowe medietatem decime mee filie et suo filio...Johanni” in fief[178].  No primary source has been identified which provides any indication of the identity of this daughter’s husband.  m ---. 

Heinrich Borwin [I] & his [second] wife had [one possible child]: 

d)         [ELISABETH (-10 Feb [1265]).  Abbess of Wienhausen: “Agnes...ducissa fundatrix ecclesie in Winhusen, Elizabeth abbatissa et Wernerus prepositus, fundator eiusdem loci” confirmed a donation to Kloster Wienhausen made by “Johann Oppershusen” by charter dated 29 to [1241][179].  The necrology of Wienhausen records the death “Feb SCO” of “felicis memorie...Elyzabeth de Wenden, quarta abbatissa huius monasterii Wynhusen[180].  Lisch suggests that the reference to “Wenden” indicates a possible relationship with the Mecklenburg family and suggests that Elisabeth was the possible child of Heinrich Borwin [I] by his second wife[181].] 

 

 

HEINRICH BORWIN [II] von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH BORWIN [I] Fürst von Mecklenburg & his [first] wife Mathilde von Sachsen (-5 Jun 1226, bur Doberan).  The Annales Stadenses names "Heinricum et Nicolaum" as sons of "Borewini"[182].  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Nicolaus princeps Sclauie" confirmed donations to Kloster Amerluncborn by "bone memorie dominus Heinricus de Werle pater meus", in memory of "domini Buorwini avi mei et patrui mei Nicolai"[183].  “Heinricus Borwinus Mekelnburgischer her” sold “das Dorff Zmaguntin” to the Knights of St. John at Lübeck, with the consent of “seiner Sohne Heinrici und Nicolai”, by charter dated 11 Jun 1217[184].  “Henricus Burewinus Magnopolitanorum et Kyzenorum princeps” confirmed properties of Kloster Doberan, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Heinrici et Nycolai”, by charter dated 1218[185].  “Heinricus Burwinus...princeps Slavorum cum filiis meis Heinrico et Nicolao” founded Kloster Sonnenkamp, with the consent of “uxoris mee Adeleidis”, by charter dated 1219[186].  Herr von Rostock: "Nicolaus et Heinricus fratres et domini de Rozstoch" confirmed possessions of Kloster Arnesse made by "Kazimarus necnon filius eius Wartizlaus" by charter dated 20 Jun 1219[187].  “Heinricus de Roztoc, Nicolaus de Magnopoli fratres” confirmed properties of Kloster Doberan, naming “Pribizlauus auus noster...dominus Henricus Buruwi genitor noster...nobis cognati domini N. principis de Roztoc”, by charter dated 1 Aug 1219[188].  “Borewinus...Magnipolensis dominus...cum uxore mea Adelheyde filiisque meis Heinrico et Nicolao” founded the Antonius-Hospital Tempzin by charter dated 7 Jun 1222[189].  “Burwinus...Magnopolensis dominus” granted freedoms to Gadebusch, with the consent of “filiorum nostrorum Heinrici et Nicolai”, by charter dated 1225[190].  “Heinricus…dominus de Rostoch” founded a convent at Güstrow, with the consent of “patris mei Burwini domini Magnopolensis, et filiorum meorum Johannis, Nicolai, Heinrici, Pribizlaui”, by charter dated 3 Jun 1226[191].  The Annales Stadenses record the death of "Borewinus princes Slavorum" in 1226 and his burial at Doberan[192].  The necrology of St. Michael records the death “II Non [Jun]” of “Henricus de Werle filius Borwini”, and the necrology of Kloster Amelungsborn “Non Jun” of “Henricus, Burwini principis Sclauorum filius” and his donation of “Satowia[193].  “Burwinus...dominus Magnopolensis” confirmed the foundation at Güstrow made by “filius noster Heinricus dominus de Roztoch” by charter dated 10 Aug 1226, witnessed by “carissimus filius noster Heinricus fundator ecclesie predicte...[194].  The wording of the document, especially numerous references to the affection of his father, implies that Heinrich Borwin [II] was deceased at the time despite having purported to witness the charter. 

m CHRISTINE, illegitimate daughter of WILLIAM I King of Scotland & his mistress --- (-after 20 May 1248).  Her parentage and marriage has been researched by Andrew MacEwen[195].  “Nicolaus princeps Sclauie” confirmed that “bone memorie dominus Henricus de Werle pater meus” had donated property to Kloster Amelungsborn, for the souls of “sue et matris mee dominie Christine necnon pie memorie domini Burwini aui mei et patrui mei Nicolai”, by charter dated to [1232][196].  Pope Innocent IV permitted “nobili mulieri --- Sorori...Regis Scotie” to enter Doberan monastery, founded by “nobilis vir B. de Rozstoc maritus tuus”, to pray, dated 20 May 1248[197]

Heinrich Borwin [II] & his wife had [seven] children: 

1.         JOHANN [I] von Mecklenburg (-1 Aug 1264).  The Annales Stadenses names (in order) "Iohanne, Nicolao, Borewino et Pribizlavo" as the four sons of "Borewinus princes Slavorum"[198].  Herr von Rostock: “Johannes, Nycolaus, Heinricus fratres domini de Rozstoch” granted freedoms to the citizens of Lübeck by charter dated 15 Feb 1226 (O.S.?)[199].  “Heinricus…dominus de Rostoch” founded a convent at Güstrow, with the consent of “patris mei Burwini domini Magnopolensis, et filiorum meorum Johannis, Nicolai, Heinrici, Pribizlaui”, by charter dated 3 Jun 1226[200]Herr von Mecklenburg: "Johannes, Nicolaus, Heinricus, Pribizlaws, fratres, domini Magnopolenses" confirmed the donation by "pater noster Heinricus dominus de Roztoch" to the Johanniter Comthurei Mirow, by charter dated 1227[201].  “Johannes und Nicolaus gebruder Hern zu Mechelnburg” confirmed the properties of Kloster Dobbertin, donated by “ihr grossuater Burwinus, ihre vater Hinricus und Vatersbruder Nicolaus”, by charter dated 28 Aug 1227[202].  “Johannes et Pribezlaus domini Magnopolenses” donated “villam...Nacunstorp” to Kloster Sonnenkamp by charter dated 29 Apr 1231[203].  “Nicolaus princeps Sclauie” confirmed that “bone memorie dominus Henricus de Werle pater meus” had donated property to Kloster Amelungsborn, for the souls of “sue et matris mee dominie Christine necnon pie memorie domini Burwini aui mei et patrui mei Nicolai”, for masses to be arranged by “sororis Christine recluse de Satowia”, by charter dated to [1232][204].  "Nicolaus dominus de Rozstoc" confirmed the rights of Kloster Amelungsborn, with the consent of "uxoris mee Jutte ac fratrum meorum Johannis…et Heinrici ac Pribizlavi", by charter dated 10 Mar 1233[205].  “Cristoforus...Danorum Sclauorumque rex” confirmed the privileges of Wismar, applied by “soceri nostri domini Johannis Magnopolensis”, by charter dated 15 Apr 1253[206].  “Johannes...Magnopolensis dominus” donated property to Kloster Rehna by charter dated 1255, witnessed by “filii nostri Heinricus et Albertus...[207].  “Johannes...dominus Magnopolensis et dominus Henricus suus filius” confirmed the privileges of Lübeck Cathedral by charter dated 17 Mar 1257, attached the seal of “---tgardis domina Magnopolensis” which displays the arms of Henneberg[208].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “Kal Aug” 1264 of “Johannes...Magnopolitanorum princeps et theologus[209]m ([1229]) LUITGARD von Henneberg, daughter of POPPO [VII] Graf von Henneberg & his first wife Elisabeth [von Wildburg] (-14 Jun 1267, bur Doberan).  “Johannes...dominus Magnopolensis et dominus Henricus suus filius” confirmed the privileges of Lübeck Cathedral by charter dated 17 Mar 1257, attached the seal of “---tgardis domina Magnopolensis” which displays the arms of Henneberg[210].  The primary source which confirms her parentage more precisely has not been identified, although it is suggested by the name Poppo given to one of the couple’s children.   “Henricus...dominus de Magnopoli” donated revenue to Kloster Doberan, for the souls of “patris nostri...domini Johannis de Wismaria et matris nostre domine Luthgardis, fratrisque nostri domini Alberti”, by charter dated 14 Jun 1267[211].  Johann [I] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         HEINRICH [I] von Mecklenburg ([1230]-2 Jan 1302, bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domini Johannis” had “sex filios...Hinricum, Nicolaum, Hermannum, Popponem, Albertum et Johannem[212].  “Johannes...Magnopolensis dominus” donated property to Kloster Rehna by charter dated 1255, witnessed by “filii nostri Heinricus et Albertus...[213].  “Johannes...dominus Magnopolensis et dominus Henricus suus filius” confirmed the privileges of Lübeck Cathedral by charter dated 17 Mar 1257[214]Herr von Mecklenburg.  “Johannes et Hermannus...domini Magnopolenses” reached agreement with “Guncellinum et Helmoldum comites Zwerinenses” against “dominum Heinricum Magnopolensem fratrem nostrum” concerning the succession to their father, by undated charter dated to [1266][215].  “Ericus...Danorum Slauorumque rex” confirmed freedoms to the citizens of Wismar, granted by “consanguinei nostri domini Hinrici Magnopolensis”, by charter dated 8 Jun 1267[216].  “Henricus...dominus de Magnopoli” donated revenue to Kloster Doberan, for the souls of “patris nostri...domini Johannis de Wismaria et matris nostre domine Luthgardis, fratrisque nostri domini Alberti”, by charter dated 14 Jun 1267[217].  He was imprisoned from 1272 to 1298: a manuscript chronicle records that “Henricus dominus Magnopolensis” was captured “a paganis” and held “in vinculis in Babilonia”, adding that “dominus Henricus et frater suus dominus Johannes, filii domini Nicholai de Werle” came to Wismar to assert their right to act as guardians for his infant children, triggering civil war[218].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “IV Non Jan” 1302 of “Hinricus...Magnopolensis dns...hic fuit captus in irim[219]m ([1259]) ANASTASIA von Pommern, daughter of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his first wife Mariana of Sweden ([1245]-15 Mar 1317, bur Wismar Franciscan Church).  The Annales Lubicenses names "Anastasiam sororem Buxslai ducis Salvorum" as wife of "Hinricus dominus Magnopolensis"[220].  From a chronological point of view, Anastasia must have been born from her father´s first marriage.  Regent of Mecklenburg 1272 to 1287.  “Anastasia Fraw zu Mekelnburgk” donated property to Schwerin by charter dated 29 Aug 1273[221].  “Anastasia...domina Magnopolensis, vicem...domini et mariti nostri absentis fideliter gubernantes” donated property to Kloster Sonnenkamp by charter dated 20 Jan 1275, sealed by “filii nostri Hinricus et Johannes, cum ad statum maturiorem dispensante domino peruenerint[222].  Heinrich [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          LUITGARD von Mecklenburg ([1261]-murdered [9 Nov] 1283, bur Gnesen).  The Hermanni Corneri Cronicon records in 1274 that “Anastasia domina de Mykelelburg”, on the advice of “patris sui Barnam ducis Stetinensis”, arranged the marriage of “filiam suam Lutgardam” and “Pribizlao duci Gnesensi regni Poloniæ”, adding that her husband strangled her after nine years of marriage “in vigilia B. Martini[223].  The Annales Polonorum record the death in 1283 of "coniunx ducis Primislii maioris Polonie, filia Nicolay Kassubite [presumably an error], nomine Lucardis", specifying that she was buried at Gnezen[224]m (Stettin [1273]) as his first wife, PRZEMYSŁ of Poland, son of PRZEMYSŁ I Prince of Poznan, Kalisch and Gniezien [Piast] & his wife Elisabeth von Schlesien [Piast] (14 Oct 1257-murdered Rogoźno 8 Feb 1296, bur Posen Cathedral).  Prince of Poznan in 1277, Prince of Greater Poland 1279.  He succeeded in 1295 as PRZEMYSŁ II King of Poland

ii)         HEINRICH [II] "der Löwe" von Mecklenburg (1267-[21/22] Jan 1329, bur Doberan).  The Annales Lubicenses names "Hinricum dominum Magnopolensum" as son of "Hinricus dominus Magnopolensis" & his wife Anastasia[225]Herr von Mecklenburg

-         see below

iii)        JOHANN [III] von Mecklenburg (-drowned near Poel 27 Jan 1289, bur Wismar Graues Kloster).  “Anastasia...domina Magnopolensis, vicem...domini et mariti nostri absentis fideliter gubernantes” donated property to Kloster Sonnenkamp by charter dated 20 Jan 1275, sealed by “filii nostri Hinricus et Johannes, cum ad statum maturiorem dispensante domino peruenerint[226].  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Johannes” was drowned “in mari inter Wismariam et terram Pole[227].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “VI Kal Jun” 1289 of “Johannes...Magnopolensis domicellus[228]m (3 Nov 1288) as her first husband, HELENA von Rügen, daughter of WIZLAW II Fürst von Rügen & his wife Agnes von Braunschweig ([1270]-9 Aug 1315, bur Kloster Wiederstedt).  The Hermanni Corneri Cronicon records in 1289 that “Johannes dominus de Mykelenburg juvenis” married “Helenam filiam Wenzlai domini Rugianorum”, who was “ex parte matris...de...sanguine ducum de Brunswic”, celebrated “in opido Sterneberg[229].  She married secondly (before 26 Dec 1302) Bernhard II Fürst von Anhalt.  Her second marriage is indicated by the testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, which names "…domine regine Norwegie filie mee…domine Margarete…filie mee uxori domini Bugislavi…filie mee comitisse de Berneburgh…Sophie filie mee apud dominam reginam Norwegie existenti"[230].  Johann [III] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       LUITGARD von Mecklenburg ([1289/90]-drowned 1352, bur Wismar Franciscan Church).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Johannes” had “unicam filiam[231].  The primary source which confirms her three marriages has not yet been identified.  “Hinricus...Magnopolensis et Stargardie dominus” sold Insel Pöl and certain villages, with the consent of “nostre...fratruelis domine Ludchardis”, by charter dated 22 Nov 1318, sealed by “Lutgardis comitissa Holtsacia[232]m firstly GERHARD [I] Graf von Hoya, son of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Hoya & his second wife Jutta von Ravensberg (-18 Oct 1312).  m secondly ADOLF VII Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Segeberg, son of JOHANN II "der Einaügige" Graf von Holstein in Kiel & his wife Margrete of Denmark (-killed in battle Segeberg 1315 before 15 Oct).  m thirdly (after 22 Nov 1318) GÜNTHER [III] Graf von Lindau-Ruppin, son of --- (-[1338]). 

b)         ALBRECHT [I] von Mecklenburg (-[15/17] May 1265, bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domini Johannis” had “sex filios...Hinricum, Nicolaum, Hermannum, Popponem, Albertum et Johannem[233].  “Johannes...Magnopolensis dominus” donated property to Kloster Rehna by charter dated 1255, witnessed by “filii nostri Heinricus et Albertus...[234].  “Dominus Hinricus iunior Magnopolensis, dominus Albertus frater suus, Nicolaus et ceteri fratres eorum...” witnessed the charter dated 2 Mar 1255 which records an agreement between the bishop of Ratzeburg and “Johannes...Magnopolensis dominus” relating to Wismar[235].  The necrology of Doberan records the death “V Kal Mai” 1265 of “Albertus...Magnopolensis dominus[236].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “5to Xo Mai” 1265 of “Albertus...Magnopolensis dns[237].  “Henricus...dominus de Magnopoli” donated revenue to Kloster Doberan, for the souls of “patris nostri...domini Johannis de Wismaria et matris nostre domine Luthgardis, fratrisque nostri domini Alberti”, by charter dated 14 Jun 1267[238]m ---.  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domini Johannis” had “sex filios...Hinricum, Nicolaum, Hermannum, Popponem, Albertum et Johannem”, of whom Albrecht was married but died childless[239].  The name of Albrecht’s wife is not known. 

c)         ELISABETH von Mecklenburg (-before 6 Feb 1280).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie refers to the wife of "Gerardus" as "filiam Nicolai de Sclavia"[240].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m ([1250]) as his first wife, GERHARD von Holstein, son of ADOLF IV Graf von Holstein und Stormarn & his wife Hedwig zur Lippe (1232-21 Dec 1290).  He succeeded as GERHARD I Graf von Holstein in Itzehoe. 

d)         NIKOLAUS [III] von Mecklenburg (-[8/9] Jun [1289/1290], bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domini Johannis” had “sex filios...Hinricum, Nicolaum, Hermannum, Popponem, Albertum et Johannem[241].  “Dominus Hinricus iunior Magnopolensis, dominus Albertus frater suus, Nicolaus et ceteri fratres eorum...” witnessed the charter dated 2 Mar 1255 which records an agreement between the bishop of Ratzeburg and “Johannes...Magnopolensis dominus” relating to Wismar[242].  Canon at Schwerin Cathedral 1246, scholasticus 1248/1261, provost 1266.  Canon at Lübeck Cathedral 1266.  Priest of St Mary at Wismar 1269.  Provost at Lübeck Cathedral 1271.  Co-ruler 1275/1283.  Priest at Bergedorf 1282.  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “VI Id Jun” [no year] of “Nicolaus...dns Magnopoli et prepositus in Zwerin” and his burial at Doberan[243]

e)         POPPO von Mecklenburg (-before 1264).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domini Johannis” had “sex filios...Hinricum, Nicolaum, Hermannum, Popponem, Albertum et Johannem”, of whom Poppo was “crucifer[244]

f)          JOHANN [II] von Mecklenburg (-14 Oct 1299).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domini Johannis” had “sex filios...Hinricum, Nicolaum, Hermannum, Popponem, Albertum et Johannem[245].  “Johannes et Hermannus...domini Magnopolenses” reached agreement with “Guncellinum et Helmoldum comites Zwerinenses” against “dominum Heinricum Magnopolensem fratrem nostrum” concerning the succession to their father, by undated charter dated to [1266][246].  Herr zu Gadebusch.  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “pridie Id Oct” 1299 of “Johannes 2...dns in Gadebusje[247]m as her first husband, RICHARDA von Arnsberg, daughter of LUDWIG Graf von Arnsberg [Cuyck] & his wife Petronella von Jülich (-after [1302/04]).  She married secondly (contract 29 Sep 1302) Willem Graaf van Dale.  The marriage contract between “Wilhelmus comes de Dale” and “dominam Richardam relictam quondam domini Johannis domini Magnopoldi, filiam domini Ludewici comitis de Arnesberg” is dated 29 Sep 1302[248].  Johann [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ELISABETH von Mecklenburg .  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domini Johannis” had “sex filios...Hinricum, Nicolaum, Hermannum, Popponem, Albertum et Johannem”, of whom Johann had “unicam filiam[249].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Nun at Rehna 1353. 

g)         HERMANN von Mecklenburg (-[before 4 Oct 1273]).  Scholasticus at Schwerin Cathedral 1265.  “Johannes et Hermannus...domini Magnopolenses” reached agreement with “Guncellinum et Helmoldum comites Zwerinenses” against “dominum Heinricum Magnopolensem fratrem nostrum” concerning the succession to their father, by undated charter dated to [1266][250]

2.         MARGARETA von Mecklenburg (-after 18 Aug 1267).  The marriage contract between “dominum Johannem Magnopolensem, dominum Nicolaum de Roztock et fratres eorum...soror predictorum fratrum domina Margareta” and “Guncelinum comitem de Zuerin” is dated 30 Oct 1230[251].  Her date of death is ascertained by the chrater dated 18 Aug 1267 under which “G. et Hel. comites Swerinenses” granted rights to the monks of Wittenburg, for the anniversaries of “patris nostri comitis H. defuncti...et filii nostri H. bone memorie” and “post descessum ma[tr]is nostre adhuc viventis et nostrum nostrarumque uxorum[252]m (contract 30 Oct 1230) GÜNZEL [III] Graf von Schwerin, son of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Schwerin & his wife Margareta [Audacia] --- (-[16 Oct 1273/5 Nov 1274]).

3.         NIKOLAUS [I] von Mecklenburg (-13/14 May 1277, bur Doberan).  The Annales Stadenses names (in order) "Iohanne, Nicolao, Borewino et Pribizlavo" as the four sons of "Borewinus princes Slavorum"[253].  Herr von Rostock: “Johannes, Nycolaus, Heinricus fratres domini de Rozstoch” granted freedoms to the citizens of Lübeck by charter dated 15 Feb 1226 (O.S.?)[254]

-        see Chapter 7.  HERREN von WERLE

4.         MECHTILD von Mecklenburg (-23 Nov 1270).  "M[iroslawa] Sclavorum ducissa et filius meus B[arnim] dux" donated property to Kloster Zuckau by charter dated to [1229], witnessed by "…uxore domini Sambory Machtelde…"[255].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Sep 1248 under which "Swantepelcus…dux Pomeranie", in his dispute with "frater meus Samborius", the rights of "Nicholaum et Johannem fratres uterinos dominos Cassubie fratres Mahtildis uxoris dicti fratris mei"[256]m ([1229]) SAMBOR [II] von Pommerellen Herzog von Dirschau, son of MESTWIN [I] Duke of Pommerellen & his wife Swinislava --- ([1206/07]-[30 Dec 1278/9 Jan 1279]). 

5.         HEINRICH BORWIN [III] von Mecklenburg (-after 2 Dec 1277).  The Annales Stadenses names (in order) "Iohanne, Nicolao, Borewino et Pribizlavo" as the four sons of "Borewinus princes Slavorum"[257].  Herr von Rostock: “Johannes, Nycolaus, Heinricus fratres domini de Rozstoch” granted freedoms to the citizens of Lübeck by charter dated 15 Feb 1226 (O.S.?)[258].  “Heinricus…dominus de Rostoch” founded a convent at Güstrow, with the consent of “patris mei Burwini domini Magnopolensis, et filiorum meorum Johannis, Nicolai, Heinrici, Pribizlaui”, by charter dated 3 Jun 1226[259].  Herr von Mecklenburg: "Johannes, Nicolaus, Heinricus, Pribizlaws, fratres, domini Magnopolenses" confirmed the donation by "pater noster Heinricus dominus de Roztoch" to the Johanniter Comthurei Mirow, by charter dated 1227[260].  "Nicolaus dominus de Rozstoc" confirmed the rights of Kloster Amelungsborn, with the consent of "uxoris mee Jutte ac fratrum meorum Johannis…et Heinrici ac Pribizlavi", by charter dated 10 Mar 1233[261].  “Borwinus dominus de Rozstoch, Johannes et Waldemarus filii eiusdem” established the judicial offices in Rostock town by charter dated 18 Jun 1262[262].  “Waldemarus...dominus de Rostok” granted privileges to Sülz, with the consent of “patris nostri domini B”, by charter dated 2 Dec 1277[263]m (before 15 Feb 1237) SOPHIE of Sweden, daughter of ERIK Knutsson King of Sweden & his second wife Rikissa of Denmark (-before 24 Apr 1241).  “Borwinus…dominus de Rozstok” donated Levin church to Kloster Dargun, in memory of “quondam uxoris nostre domine Sophie filie regis Swetie”, by charter dated 24 Apr 1241[264].  A relationship by marriage between Heinrich Borwin [III] and Abel King of Denmark is indicated by the following charter: “A...Danorum Sclauorumque rex, dux Jucie” confirmed the privileges of Rostock, referring to the previous actions of “patri nostro bone memorie et fratri nostro...et...genero nostro domino Buraewino”, by charter dated 25 Apr 1251[265].  The chronology indicates the unlikelihood that Heinrich Borwin had married, as his second wife, a daughter of King Abel whose marriage is dated to 25 Apr 1237.  It is assumed therefore that the term “genero” in this document should be interpreted more broadly than its strict meaning of son-in-law.  The only identified family relationship between the two is through Heinrich Borwin’s known wife Sophie of Sweden who, through her mother, was first cousin of the Danish king.  Heinrich Borwin [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         JOHANN von Mecklenburg (-before 17 Feb 1268).  “Borwinus dominus de Rozstoch, Johannes et Waldemarus filii eiusdem” established the judicial offices in Rostock town by charter dated 18 Jun 1262[266].  Johann must have died before 17 Feb 1268 when his brother Waldemar is recorded as Herr von Rostock. 

b)         WALDEMAR von Mecklenburg (-9/10 Nov 1282, bur Doberan).  “Borwinus dominus de Rozstoch, Johannes et Waldemarus filii eiusdem” established the judicial offices in Rostock town by charter dated 18 Jun 1262[267].  Herr von Rostock: “Woldemarus...dominus de Rozstok” agreed the boundaries of Kloster Doberan, for “matris...nostre domine Sophie et fratris nostri Johannis”, by charter dated 17 Feb 1268[268].  “Ericus...dux Jucie” agreed an alliance with “soceris nostris dominis Nicolao de Werle, Hinrico filio eiusdem, Guncelino comite Zuerinensi et Waldemaro de Rostok”, in particular against “Ericum regem Dacie”, by charter dated 25 Feb 1272[269].  “Waldemarus...dominus de Rostok” granted privileges to Sülz, with the consent of “patris nostri domini B”, by charter dated 2 Dec 1277[270].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “V Id Nov” 1282 of “Woldemarus dns in Rostock[271]m (before 17 Aug 1272) AGNES von Holstein, daughter JOHANN I Graf von Holstein-Schaumburg in Kiel & his wife Elisabeth von Sachsen (-[1 Oct 1286/25 Mar 1287]).  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "…heredis fratris nostri Joannis…Heilwigis uxoris domini Ottonis Marchionis, Agnete uxoris domini de Rostock, Adolphi et Alberti…", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[272].  “Johannes, Nicolaus et Burwinus...domicelli de Rotzstoc...Agnes eiusdem civitatis domina predictorum domicellorumque mater” sold mills “in dammone Rotzstoc sitarum” by charter dated 9 Apr 1283[273].  Waldemar & his wife had three children: 

i)          JOHANN von Mecklenburg (-after 9 Apr 1283.  “Johannes, Nicolaus et Burwinus...domicelli de Rotzstoc...Agnes eiusdem civitatis domina predictorum domicellorumque mater” sold mills “in dammone Rotzstoc sitarum” by charter dated 9 Apr 1283[274]

ii)         NIKOLAUS "das Kind" von Mecklenburg (-25 Nov 1314, bur Rostock St Johannes).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domicellus Nicolaus filius eius...cognominatus puerulus” succeeded “dominum Woldemarum” at Rostock[275].  “Johannes, Nicolaus et Burwinus...domicelli de Rotzstoc...Agnes eiusdem civitatis domina predictorum domicellorumque mater” sold mills “in dammone Rotzstoc sitarum” by charter dated 9 Apr 1283[276].  Herr von Rostock.  “E....Danorum Sclauorumque rex” entered the alliance between the princes of northern Germany, including “...domicellus Nicolaus de Rostok...”, by charter dated 29 Nov 1284[277].  The Annales Lubicenses record that "Nicholaus dominus de Rostocke" swore allegiance to "Erico regi Danorum" in 1300[278].  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domicellus Nicolaus...cognominatus puerulus” was succeeded in Rostock by “dominus Hinricus Magnopolensis et Stargardensis dominus patruus suus[279].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “VII Kal Dec” 1313 of “Nicolaus...dns de Rostjock[280]Betrothed (contract broken 1299) to MARGARETA von Brandenburg, widow of PRZEMYSŁ II King of Poland, daughter of ALBRECHT III Markgraf von Brandenburg & his wife Mathilde of Denmark ([1273/81]-1 May 1315, bur Ratzeburg Cathedral).  The Annales Lubicenses record that "Nicholaus dominus de Rostocke" broke his betrothal to "filia Alberti marchionis [Brandenburgensis]" before marrying "filiam Buxslai Slavonum principis", a later passage clarifying that she was "Margaretam relictam regis de Kalys" who later married "Albertus dux [Saxoniæ]"[281]m (1299 before Nov) as her first husband, MARGARETA von Pommern, daughter of BOGISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania & his second wife Margareta von Rügen ([1286/88]-before 25 Jul 1334).  The Annales Lubicenses record the marriage of "Nicholaus dominus de Rostocke" and "filiam Buxslai Slavonum principis" in 1300[282].  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.  She married secondly ([1316/24], Papal dispensation 3o Avignon 12 Nov 1324) Johann I Duke of Steinau [Piast].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  Nikolaus & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ELISABETH von Mecklenburg .  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domicellus Nicolaus filius eius...cognominatus puerulus” had no sons but “unicam filiam[283].  Erik King of Denmark arranged the marriage of “Elisabeth Her Nicolai...aff Rostocks Daatter, sin Søsterdaatter [appears to be a mistake]” and “Greffue Christen aff Delmenhorst” by charter dated 16 Feb 1317[284]m (contract 16 Feb 1317) CHRISTIAN Graf von Oldenburg, son of OTTO Graf von Oldenburg-Delmenhorst & his wife Oda --- (-[23 Jul 1354/18 Jan 1355]).

iii)        BORWIN von Mecklenburg (-after 9 Apr 1283).  “Johannes, Nicolaus et Burwinus...domicelli de Rotzstoc...Agnes eiusdem civitatis domina predictorum domicellorumque mater” sold mills “in dammone Rotzstoc sitarum” by charter dated 9 Apr 1283[285]

6.         PRIBISLAW [I] von Mecklenburg (-1 Aug [1272]).  The Annales Stadenses names (in order) "Iohanne, Nicolao, Borewino et Pribizlavo" as the four sons of "Borewinus princes Slavorum"[286].  “Heinricus…dominus de Rostoch” founded a convent at Güstrow, with the consent of “patris mei Burwini domini Magnopolensis, et filiorum meorum Johannis, Nicolai, Heinrici, Pribizlaui”, by charter dated 3 Jun 1226[287].  “Johannes et Pribezlaus domini Magnopolenses” donated “villam...Nacunstorp” to Kloster Sonnenkamp by charter dated 29 Apr 1231[288].  "Johannes, Nicolaus, Heinricus, Pribizlaws, fratres, domini Magnopolenses" confirmed the donation by "pater noster Heinricus dominus de Roztoch" to the Johanniter Comthurei Mirow, by charter dated 1227[289].  "Nicolaus dominus de Rozstoc" confirmed the rights of Kloster Amelungsborn, with the consent of "uxoris mee Jutte ac fratrum meorum Johannis…et Heinrici ac Pribizlavi", by charter dated 10 Mar 1233[290].  Herr von Parchim: “P. dominus in Parchem” confirmed the privileges of the town of Parchim by charter dated 1238[291].  Herr von Richenberg 1249/1256.  Pribislaw transferred Parchim, previously held in fief from the duke of Saxony, to Johann Markgraf von Brandenburg by charter dated 3 Sep 1261[292].  Herr zu Wollin: “Pribezlaus...dominus in Wolin dictus de Slavia” renounced his claim to Parchim in favour of “Gunzelinus et Helmoldus comites de Zwerin”, so that they receive “filiam nostram adhuc maritandam...in domum suam”, by charter dated 12 Feb 1270[293].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “Kal Aug” 1262 of “Pribizlaus...dns in Richenberch 4tus filius dni Henrici” who donated “bona Zoschelin[294]m [firstly] --- von Friesack, daughter of [RICHARD von Friesack & his wife ---] (-after 3 Sep 1261).  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 3 Sep 1261 under which “Pribizlaus...dominus de Parchim, Nicolai, Johannis et Borewini dominorum Slauie frater” relinquished “castrum et civitatem Parchim”, previously held in fief from “duce Saxonie”, to “domino nostro Johanni marchioni Brandenburgensi”, witnessed by “...Richardi domini de Frisach nostri soceri[295].  As can be seen from other charters in the compilation, the term “socer” was sometimes used in an extended sense in Mecklenburg charters of the period.  It is not therefore certain that Richard was Pribislaw’s father-in-law.  The prominent marriage of Pribislaw’s son, Pribislaw [II], suggests that he was his father’s older son.  As the indications highlighted below suggest that Pribislaw [II] was born from his father’s Friesack wife, it is likely that this was Pribislaw [I]’s first marriage.  [m secondly ---.  The same names of Pribislaw’s two sons suggest that they may have been born from different marriages of their father.  If that is correct, no indication has been found of the identity of Pribislaw’s second wife whom he must have married towards the end of his life.]  Pribislaw [I] & his first wife had two children:

a)         PRIBISLAW [II] von Mecklenburg (-after 21 Jun 1316).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “Pribizlauo” as the only son of “Pribizlaui[296].  Herr von Wollin.  The charter dated 24 Jun 1287, which links Pribislaw [III] to the Friesack family, indicates that he was probably born from his father’s first marriage.  However, it is odd that he should hold property jointly with his maternal family which the charter dated 1 Apr 1269 suggests was granted to him at the time of his marriage.  Herr zu Belgard, Doberan und Welschenburg: “Pribzlaus...dominus de Belgarden...H. et Rychardus de Vrysach” confirmed holding “terram Belgarden, terram Dobren et terram Welsenborch” from “dominis nostris Ottone et C. marchionibus de Brandenburg” by charter dated 24 Jun 1287[297].  “Pribislaus de Slauia dominus terre Doberen et terre Belgarth in Cassubia” donated land in Belgard to Kloster Bukow, with the consent of “coniugis nostre Katerine”, for the souls of “fratris nostri beate memorie Pribislai”, by charter dated 27 Jan 1289[298].  “Bugislaus...dux Slavorum et Cassubie” confirmed the donation of land in Belgard to Kloster Bukowmade by “domino Pribeslao suffrageneo nostro, genero domini Mestwini ducis Pomeranie”, by charter dated 20 Aug 1291[299].  “Dominus Primico” donated “lacus Malsche” to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “uxoris sue Katharine ac suorum liberorum filii sui Mestwini et filie sue Luchardis”, by charter dated 1 Jan 1312[300].  The Stralsunder Chronik records “Pribislaw dominus Wandaliæ” among those who fought at the battle “vor Stralsund am Hainholz” 21 Jun 1316[301].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death in 1315 of “Pribizlaus 2dus...dns in Richenberch[302], although the reference to Pribislaw in 1316 shows that this date must be incorrect.  m (before 1 Apr 1269) KATHARINA von Pommerellen, daughter of MESTWIN [Mszczuj] II Herzog von Pommerellen [Pomorze] & his first wife Judith von Wettin (-after 1 Jan 1312).  “Mastwinus...dux Pomeranorum” confirmed holding land from “Johanne, Ottone et C[onrado] Brandenburgensibus marchionibus”, who had “filiam nostram viro matrimonialiter copulauerunt” and arranged dowry, including “castrum Belgart”, by charter dated 1 Apr 1269[303].  The date of this charter indicates that Katharina must have been born from her father’s first marriage.  The identity of her husband is confirmed by the charter dated 20 Aug 1291 under which “Bugislaus...dux Slavorum et Cassubie” confirmed the donation of land in Belgard to Kloster Bukowmade by “domino Pribeslao suffrageneo nostro, genero domini Mestwini ducis Pomeranie[304].  “Pribislaus de Slauia dominus terre Doberen et terre Belgarth in Cassubia” donated land in Belgard to Kloster Bukow, with the consent of “coniugis nostre Katerine”, for the souls of “fratris nostri beate memorie Pribislai”, by charter dated 27 Jan 1289[305].  “Dominus Primico” donated “lacus Malsche” to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “uxoris sue Katharine ac suorum liberorum filii sui Mestwini et filie sue Luchardis”, by charter dated 1 Jan 1312[306].  Pribislaw [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          MESTWIN von Mecklenburg (- after 1 Jan 1312).  “Dominus Primico” donated “lacus Malsche” to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “uxoris sue Katharine ac suorum liberorum filii sui Mestwini et filie sue Luchardis”, by charter dated 1 Jan 1312[307]

ii)         LUKARDIS von Mecklenburg (-after 1 Jan 1312).  “Dominus Primico” donated “lacus Malsche” to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “uxoris sue Katharine ac suorum liberorum filii sui Mestwini et filie sue Luchardis”, by charter dated 1 Jan 1312[308]

b)         daughter (-after 12 Feb 1270).  “Pribezlaus...dominus in Wolin dictus de Slavia” renounced his claim to Parchim in favour of “Gunzelinus et Helmoldus comites de Zwerin”, so that they receive “filiam nostram adhuc maritandam...in domum suam”, by charter dated 12 Feb 1270[309].  The date of this document suggests that this daughter was born from her father’s first marriage. 

Pribislaw & his [first/second] wife had one child:

c)         PRIBISLAW [III] von Mecklenburg (-before 27 Jan 1289).  As noted above, the same names of Pribislaw’s two sons suggest that they may have been born from different marriages of their father.  “Pribislaus de Slauia dominus terre Doberen et terre Belgarth in Cassubia” donated land in Belgard to Kloster Bukow, with the consent of “coniugis nostre Katerine”, for the souls of “fratris nostri beate memorie Pribislai”, by charter dated 27 Jan 1289[310]

7.         [CHRISTINA (-after [1232]).  “Nicolaus princeps Sclauie” confirmed that “bone memorie dominus Henricus de Werle pater meus” had donated property to Kloster Amelungsborn, for the souls of “sue et matris mee dominie Christine necnon pie memorie domini Burwini aui mei et patrui mei Nicolai”, for masses to be arranged by “sororis Christine recluse de Satowia”, by charter dated to [1232][311].  Andrew MacEwen suggests the omission of “mee” from the phrase “sororis Christine”, which, if correct, would mean that she was the confirmant’s sister[312].] 

 

 

HEINRICH [II] "der Löwe" von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH [I] Fürst von Mecklenburg & his wife Anastasia von Pommern (1267--[21/22] Jan 1329, bur Doberan).  The Annales Lubicenses names "Hinricum dominum Magnopolensum" as son of "Hinricus dominus Magnopolensis" & his wife Anastasia[313].  “Anastasia...domina Magnopolensis, vicem...domini et mariti nostri absentis fideliter gubernantes” donated property to Kloster Sonnenkamp by charter dated 20 Jan 1275, sealed by “filii nostri Hinricus et Johannes, cum ad statum maturiorem dispensante domino peruenerint[314].  “Hinricus...dominus Magnopolensis iunior” donated property to Kloster Rehna by charter dated 2 Feb 1275[315]Herr von Mecklenburg.  Herr von Stargard.  Herr von Rostock: the late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “domicellus Nicolaus...cognominatus puerulus” was succeeded in Rostock by “dominus Hinricus Magnopolensis et Stargardensis dominus patruus suus[316].  “Henricus...Magnopolensis et Stargardie dominus” donated Wismar church to Ratzeburg Cathedral, with the consent of “domine uxoris nostre et filiorum nostrorum Henrici et Alberti”, by charter dated 5 Jan 1321[317].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “XI Kal Feb” 1325 of “Hinricus...Magnopolensis Rostockensis et Stargardie dns[318]

m firstly (Neubrandenburg 11 Aug 1292, Papal dispensation 4o Rome 23 Dec 1292) BEATRIX von Brandenburg, daughter of ALBRECHT III Markgraf von Brandenburg & his wife Mathilde of Denmark ([1270/80]-Wismar 22 Sep 1314, bur Wismar Franciscan Church).  Pulcawa's Bohemian Chronicle records that "Albertus…frater Ottonis longi" had two daughters, of whom one married "domino Henrico Magnopolensi" and received "terram Stargardensem"[319].  Heinrich [II] donated property for the souls of his three wives “Beatricis...filie quondam...Alberti marchionis Brand...Anne...Alberti ducis Saxonis...[et] Agnetis filie Guntheri comitis Lindowensis” by charter dated 13 Jan 1329[320]

m secondly (contract near Kraak 6 Jul 1315, Dömitz [6 Jul 1315/6 Jan 1317], Papal dispensation Avignon 5 Sep 1318) as her second husband, ANNA von Sachsen-Wittenberg, widow of FRIEDRICH "der Lahme" von Meissen, daughter of ALBRECHT II "Degener" Herzog von Sachsen-Wittenberg, Elector of Saxony & his wife Agnes [Gertrud] von Habsburg (-22 Nov 1327, bur Wismar).  The Hermanni Corneri Cronicon records in 1312 that “Henricus dominus de Mykelenburg” married “sororem Rodolfi ducis Saxoniæ[321].  Heinrich [II] donated property for the souls of his three wives “Beatricis...filie quondam...Alberti marchionis Brand...Anne...Alberti ducis Saxonis...[et] Agnetis filie Guntheri comitis Lindowensis” by charter dated 13 Jan 1329[322]

m thirdly ([25 Mar/27 Jun] 1328) as her second husband, AGNES von Lindau-Ruppin, widow of WIZLAW III Fürst von Rügen, daughter of [ULRICH I] Graf von Lindau-Ruppin (-9 May 1343, bur Wittenberg).  Heinrich [II] donated property for the souls of his three wives “Beatricis...filie quondam...Alberti marchionis Brand...Anne...Alberti ducis Saxonis...[et] Agnetis filie Guntheri comitis Lindowensis” by charter dated 13 Jan 1329[323].  She married thirdly (after 9 Apr 1331) Rudolf I Herzog von Sachsen in Wittenberg (-12 Mar 1356). 

Heinrich [II] & his first wife had one child:

1.         MECHTILD von Mecklenburg (1293-3 Jun after 1358, bur Lüneburg St Michaelis).  The marriage contract between “hertegh Otte van Bruneswic unde van Luneborch” and “her Hinriche von Mekelenburg unde von Stargarde...siner dochter Mechtilde” is dated 11 Aug 1307[324]m (contract Artlenburg 11 Aug 1307, Papal dispensation 4o Poitiers 4 May 1308, 22 Mar 1310) OTTO von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of OTTO II "der Strenge" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Lüneburg & his second wife Mechtild von Bayern (1296-19 Aug 1352, bur Lüneburg St Michaelis).  He succeeded his father 1330 as OTTO III joint Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Lüneburg

Heinrich [II] & his second wife had seven children:

2.         LUKARDIS von Mecklenburg ([1316]-[3 Jun 1362/26 Jan 1369])m (before 6 Apr 1328, Papal dispensation Avignon 6 Apr 1328) as his second wife, WLADISLAW Duke of Beuthen and Kosel, son of KASIMIR Duke of Beuthen and Kosel [Piast] & his wife Helena --- ([1277/83]-[16 Sep 1351/8 Sep 1352]). 

3.         HEINRICH von Mecklenburg (-after 5 Jan 1321, bur Wismar Franciscan Church).  “Henricus...Magnopolensis et Stargardie dominus” donated Wismar church to Ratzeburg Cathedral, with the consent of “domine uxoris nostre et filiorum nostrorum Henrici et Alberti”, by charter dated 5 Jan 1321[325]

4.         ALBRECHT [II] "der Große" von Mecklenburg ([1318]-Schwerin 18 Feb 1379, bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Hinricus...dominus Magnopolensis, sed et Stargardensis et Rozstokcensis” had “duos filios...dominum Albertum et dominum Johannem” who were invested as dukes in Prague in 1348[326]Herr von Mecklenburg.  “Henricus...Magnopolensis et Stargardie dominus” donated Wismar church to Ratzeburg Cathedral, with the consent of “domine uxoris nostre et filiorum nostrorum Henrici et Alberti”, by charter dated 5 Jan 1321[327].  He was created Herzog von Mecklenburg und Fürst by Imperial Order at Prague 8 Jul 1348. 

-        see Chapter 8.  HERZOGEN von MECKLENBURG

5.         ANASTASIA von Mecklenburg (-[1321], bur Wismar Franciscan Church).

6.         BEATRIX von Mecklenburg (-1399).  A charter dated 1325 "feria sexta proxima ante dominicam letare" records an alliance between "Hinricus…Magnopolensis, Stargardis et Rostok dominus" and "genero nostro domino Wyzlavo principe Ruyanorum" including the betrothal of "filiam nostram…Beatricem, filio suo Jaromaro"[328].  Abbess of Ribnitz 1349-98.  Betrothed (15 Mar 1325) to JAROMAR von Rügen, son of WIZLAW III Fürst von Rügen & his second wife Agnes von Lindau-Ruppin (-[24/25] May 1325). 

7.         AGNES von Mecklenburg (-before 1341)m (contract Lübeck, Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 15 Sep 1338) as his first wife, NIKOLAUS Herr zu Werle und Güstrow, son of JOHANN II Herr zu Werle und Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Mechtild von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (-[10 Aug 1360/1 Aug 1361]).

8.         JOHANN [I] von Mecklenburg (-[1393 after 28 Mar], bur Strelitz).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Hinricus...dominus Magnopolensis, sed et Stargardensis et Rozstokcensis” had “duos filios...dominum Albertum et dominum Johannem” who were invested as dukes in Prague in 1348[329].  Herr von Mecklenburg.  Minor until 1344.  He was created Herzog von Mecklenburg und Fürst by Imperial Order at Prague 8 Jul 1348.  Herr in Stargard, Sternberg und Eldenburg 1352. 

-        see Chapter 9.  HERZOGEN von MECKLENBURG zu STARGARD

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    GRAFEN von SCHWERIN

 

 

Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony transferred the county of Schwerin to Günzel von Hagen as a hereditary fief in [1167], at the same time as he enfeoffed Pribislaw with the other former Obotrite territories[330].  The first cathedral of Schwerin was consecrated 9 Sep 1171 by bishop Berno[331]

 

 

Three brothers: 

1.         DODELIN (-after 1152).  Canon at Hildesheim cathedral.  Ulrich Bishop of Halberstadt confirmed that “dominus Gunzelinus adhuc uxore carens et liberis” had donated property “in Hogen Uplinge” to Kloster Huysburg, with the consent of “Dodelino eiusdem Gunzelini patruo et sanctæ Mariæ canonico in Hildensem”, by charter dated 1150[332]

2.         GÜNZEL .  Canon at Hildesheim cathedral 1150.  The primary source which confirms his relationship to the family has not been identified. 

3.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         GÜNZEL [I] von Hagen (-[18 Jun] [1180], bur Schwerin Cathedral).  Ulrich Bishop of Halberstadt confirmed that “dominus Gunzelinus adhuc uxore carens et liberis” had donated property “in Hogen Uplinge” to Kloster Huysburg, with the consent of “Dodelino eiusdem Gunzelini patruo et sanctæ Mariæ canonico in Hildensem”, by charter dated 1150[333].  He was installed as Graf von Schwerin in [1167].  Helmold records that Heinrich Duke of Saxony installed "nobilem Guncelinum" at "Zverin…castrum"[334].  “Comes Guncelinus de Zvarin” supported the construction of Kloster Stederburg by charter dated 1174[335].  “Guncelinus comes et eius filius Heinricus” witnessed the charter dated 1 Jul 1174 under which Balduin Archbishop of Bremen donated property to Kloster Neumünster[336].  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum names "Guncelini comitis de Zverin" among leaders of the army organised by Heinrich Duke of Saxony to suppress a revolt in Westfalia[337], undated but the date 1 Aug 1179 is inserted in the margin of the edition consulted.  The necrology of Lüneburg St. Michael records the death 18 Jun of “Guncelinus comes, frater noster”, which may refer to Günzel [I][338].  His burial place is confirmed by the charter dated 3 May 1218 under which [his sons] “G. et H. comites Zuerinenses” donated property to Schwerin Cathedral “in qua patris et fratrum ipsorum corpora sunt tumulata[339]m (after 1150) [ODA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is indicated by the charter dated 13 Aug 1260 under which “Guncelinus Graff zu Schwerin” confirmed an exchange of property with Schwerin Cathedral, including property donated by “Vorfaren von ihren erbgutern vmb Frawen Odæ, Greuinnen zu Schwerin[340].  If the original donor was the direct ancestor of the confirmant in 1260, she could have been the wife of Günzel [I].  Another possibility is that she was a “predecessor” more generally, and in that case the wife of Günzel [II].]  Günzel [I] & his wife had [six or more] children: 

i)          [HELMOLD [I] von Schwerin (-[1195/96], bur [Schwerin Cathedral]).  No primary source has been identified which confirms the parentage of Helmold [I].  As successor of Günzel [I], it is likely that Helmold was his son, although not impossible that they were brothers.  Graf von Schwerin.  During the absence of Adolf III Graf von Holstein on crusade in 1180, Graf Helmold and Bernhard Graf von Ratzeburg occupied his fortresses at Hamburg, Plön and Itzehoe[341].  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum names "Bernhardus comes de Wilepe et Helmoldus de Zverin" among those who fought at the siege of Lauenburg[342], undated but the date 22 Feb 1193 is inserted in the margin of the edition consulted.  His probable burial place is confirmed by the charter dated 3 May 1218 under which [his brothers] “G. et H. comites Zuerinenses” donated property to Schwerin Cathedral “in qua patris et fratrum ipsorum corpora sunt tumulata[343].  [m ADELHEID von Woldenburg, daughter of LUDOLF Graf von Woldenberg & his wife --- (-20 Mar ----).  A charter dated to [1197/1226] records a donation made to Hildesheim Cathedral by “Jo[hannes] de Stenvorde et uxor et filii eius...consanguineorum nostrorum Burchardi Brunswicensis prepositi et sororis eius domine Adelheidis comitisse de Svirin[344].  It is chronologically possible that Adelheid was the wife of Helmold [I], the only contemporary Graf von Schwerin whose wife is not otherwise recorded.] 

ii)         GÜNZEL [II] von Schwerin (-after 25 May 1220).  The consistent order of names in the charters quoted below suggest that Günzel [II] was older than his brother Heinrich.  Graf von Schwerin.  “Guncelinus comes in Zuerin et frater eius Henricus” donated property to the Knights of St. John, for the souls of “patris et matris et fratrum”, by charter dated to [1200][345].  "Gozelino et Henrico fratribus, comitibus Zwerinensibus et Nicolao comite Hallandiæ" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers of St John by undated charter (included under 1217 in the compilation)[346].  “Guncelinus et Hinricus...comites Zwerinenses” donated property “in villa Lubesse...” to Kloster Reinfeld by charter dated 25 Jul 1218[347].  “Guncelinus comes Zwerinensis” granted property to “uxori mee Ode” by charter dated 25 May 1220[348]m ODA, daughter of --- (-after 25 May 1220).  “Guncelinus comes Zwerinensis” granted property to “uxori mee Ode” by charter dated 25 May 1220[349].  Günzel [II] & his wife had [one child]: 

(a)       [ODA von Schwerin .  A charter dated 28 Feb 1221 names “Graff Hinrichs zu Schwerin Schwester, Frau Jdda” as widow of “Graff Niclausen von Halland, könig Woldemars zu Dennemarck natürlichen Sohns” and the rights of their young son “Nicolaus” to half of the county of Schwerin[350].  Despite the wording of this charter, it appears unlikely that Oda, wife of Niels Valdemarssen, could have been the daughter of Günzel [I] Graf von Schwerin unless she was considerably younger than her known brothers.  In addition, she would have been almost 100 years old when she was named in 1283, even assuming that she was born at the end of her supposed father´s lifetime.  Her entitlement to half the county of Schwerin suggests that her father must have been Graf von Schwerin himself.  It appears more probable that Oda was the daughter of Günzel [II] Graf von Schwerin, and therefore niece not sister of Graf Heinrich [I], although the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  1283.  m (1217) NIELS Valdemarssen, illegitimate son of VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conqueror" King of Denmark & his mistress --- (-[1219]).  Count of Halland 1218.]    

iii)        HEINRICH [I] von Schwerin (-17 Feb 1228).  “Guncelinus comes et eius filius Heinricus” witnessed the charter dated 1 Jul 1174 under which Balduin Archbishop of Bremen donated property to Kloster Neumünster[351]Graf von Schwerin.  The Annales Stadenses record the death in 1228 of "Heinricus comes Zwerinensis"[352]

-         see below

iv)       HERMANN von Schwerin .  Provost at Hamburg cathedral 1186/1228.  “Hermannus prepositus Hamburgensis, Gunzelinus et Henricus, comites Suerinenses” donated property “in Bernebeke proprietatis nostre” to Kloster Diestorf by charter dated 10 Jul 1217[353]

v)        FRIEDRICH von Schwerin (-1239).  The charter dated 23 Jun 1227, under which “Henricus…comes in Zwerin” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, names “dominus Fredericus prepositus frater comitis[354].  Canon and provost at Hildesheim cathedral 1181/1228.  Bishop of Schwerin 1238. 

vi)       son(s) (-before [1200], bur [Schwerin Cathedral]).  His or their existence is confirmed by the charter dated to [1200] under which “Guncelinus comes in Zuerin et frater eius Henricus” donated property to the Knights of St. John, for the souls of “patris et matris et fratrum[355].  His/their probable burial place is confirmed by the charter dated 3 May 1218 under which [his/their brothers] “G. et H. comites Zuerinenses” donated property to Schwerin Cathedral “in qua patris et fratrum ipsorum corpora sunt tumulata[356]

 

 

HEINRICH [I] von Schwerin, son of GÜNZEL [I] von Hagen Graf von Schwerin & his wife Oda --- (-17 Feb 1228).  “Guncelinus comes et eius filius Heinricus” witnessed the charter dated 1 Jul 1174 under which Balduin Archbishop of Bremen donated property to Kloster Neumünster[357]Graf von Schwerin.  “Guncelinus comes in Zuerin et frater eius Henricus” donated property to the Knights of St. John, for the souls of “patris et matris et fratrum”, by charter dated to [1200][358].  "Gozelino et Henrico fratribus, comitibus Zwerinensibus et Nicolao comite Hallandiæ" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers of St John by undated charter (included under 1217 in the compilation)[359].  “Guncelinus et Hinricus...comites Zwerinenses” donated property “in villa Lubesse...” to Kloster Reinfeld by charter dated 25 Jul 1218[360].  A charter dated 24 Sep 1223 records the terms agreed between "dominum imperatorem et dominum regem filium suum" and "comitem Heinricum de Zwerin" for the release from captivity of "regum Datie" and of "matri uxoris comitis H[einrici] de Zwerin domine de Zlawin" who had been detained by "rex Datie"[361].  "Heinricus comes de Zwerin…" witnessed the charter dated 29 Sep 1226 under which "Adolfus…Holtsatie Stormarie et Wagrie comes" founded Kloster Preetz[362].  “Henricus…comes in Zwerin” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “uxoris mee Margarete et heredum meorum Guncelini et Helmoldi”, by charter dated 23 Jun 1227[363].  “Henricus comes de Zuerin” granted freedoms to Dorf Medwege by charter dated 16 Feb 1228, witnessed by “Margareta comitissa uxor nostra, Guncelinus filius noster…[364].  The Annales Stadenses record the death in 1228 of "Heinricus comes Zwerinensis"[365]

m AUDACIA [Margareta], daughter of --- (-1284).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[366], the wife of Heinrich [I] Graf von Schwerin was Eudoxia [Audacia], daughter of Bołeslaw Prince of Kujavia [Piast] & his wife --- von Pommern.  Another table in Europäische Stammtafeln names "Margareta von Schlawe (als Witwe Audacia)", daughter of "Fürst Bogislaw" as the wife of Graf Heinrich[367].  The primary sources on which these hypotheses are based have not been identified.  An indication of Audacia’s descent from the Pomeranian ducal family is provided by the following charter: “B...dux Slauorum” [Barnim Duke of Pomerania] granted property to [her son] “consanguineo nostro...Gunzelino comiti Zwerinensi” by charter dated 10 Jun 1257[368].  If Europäische Stammtafeln’s speculation about Audacia’s parentage is correct, Duke Barnim would have been Audacia’s first cousin.  Whatever her origin, the chronology of the following sources clarifies that the wife of Graf Heinrich [I] used both names Audacia and Margareta.  “Hinricus…comes Swerinensis, necnon Audacia eiusdem comitis uxor” donated property to Kloster Stade by charter dated 6 May 1218[369].  A charter dated 24 Sep 1223 records the terms agreed between "dominum imperatorem et dominum regem filium suum" and "comitem Heinricum de Zwerin" for the release from captivity of "regum Datie" and of "matri uxoris comitis H[einrici] de Zwerin domine de Zlawin" who had been detained by "rex Datie"[370].  “Henricus…comes in Zwerin” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “uxoris mee Margarete et heredum meorum Guncelini et Helmoldi”, by charter dated 23 Jun 1227[371].  “Henricus comes de Zuerin” granted freedoms to Dorf Medwege by charter dated 16 Feb 1228, witnessed by “Margareta comitissa uxor nostra, Guncelinus filius noster…[372].  Kloster Uetersen in Holstein thanked “domine A. seniori cometisse in Zverin” for donating property for anniversary masses for “dominum H. comitem Zverinensem bone memorie vestrum quondam maritum”, and receiving “vos et dominum G. comitem Zverinensem filium vestrum et dominam Mechtildem filiam vestram comitissam de Geligen” into the fraternity, by charter dated to [1236][373].  Dietrich Bishop of Schwerin confirmed property donated to “ecclesiam in Retekenthorpe” by “nobilem dominam Audaciam comitissam Zwerinensem, matrem comitis Guncelini” by charter dated 28 Dec 1241, in the presence of “Nycolaus dominus Slavie socer noster, comes Bernhardus de Dannenberghe...[374].  “Domina Audacia mater nostra...” witnessed the charter dated 25 Jun 1246 under which “Guncelinus...comes de Zwerin” granted freedoms to Kloster Reinfeld[375].  “A. comitissa filiusque eiusdem G. comes in Zweryn” granted property to the new convent at Zarrentin by charter dated 1 Nov 1246[376].  “G. et Hel. comites Swerinenses” granted rights to the monks of Wittenburg, for the anniversaries of “patris nostri comitis H. defuncti...et filii nostri H. bone memorie” and “post descessum ma[tr]is nostre adhuc viventis et nostrum nostrarumque uxorum”, by charter dated 18 Aug 1267[377].  The Hermanni Corneri Cronicon records the death in 1284 of “Audacia comitissa de Zwerin mater Guntzelini comitis” and her burial “in choro Fratrum Ordinis Minorum”, her foundation[378]

Graf Heinrich [I] & his wife had four children: 

1.         GÜNZEL [III] von Schwerin (-[16 Oct 1273/5 Nov 1274]).  “Henricus…comes in Zwerin” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “uxoris mee Margarete et heredum meorum Guncelini et Helmoldi”, by charter dated 23 Jun 1227[379].  “Henricus comes de Zuerin” granted freedoms to Dorf Medwege by charter dated 16 Feb 1228, witnessed by “Margareta comitissa uxor nostra, Guncelinus filius noster…[380]Graf von Schwerin.  “Ghuncelinus...comes de Zwerin” confirmed the freedoms granted to Lübeck by “patrem nostrum Heinricum pie memorie” by charter dated 1240, in the presence of “Nycolaus dominus Slavie socer noster, comes Bernhardus de Dannenberghe...[381].  “Guntzelinus...comes de Swerin” donated property to Schwerin cathedral, with the consent of “filiorum nostrorum Hinrici et Helmodi”, by charter dated 24 Mar 1251[382].  “Ericus...dux Jucie” agreed an alliance with “soceris nostris dominis Nicolao de Werle, Hinrico filio eiusdem, Guncelino comite Zuerinensi et Waldemaro de Rostok”, in particular against “Ericum regem Dacie”, by charter dated 25 Feb 1272[383].  “Hinricus...comes de Dannenberge necnon Volradus, Fredericus et Bernardus fratres, filii comitis Adolf de Dannenberge bone memorie” exchanged property with “Gunzelino comite de Zwerin ac filio ipsius comite Helmoldo” by charter dated 16 Oct 1273[384]m (contract 30 Oct 1230) MARGARETA von Mecklenburg, daughter of HEINRICH BORWIN [II] Herr von Mecklenburg in Rostock & his wife Christine of Scotland (-after 18 Aug 1267).  The marriage contract between “dominum Johannem Magnopolensem, dominum Nicolaum de Roztock et fratres eorum...soror predictorum fratrum domina Margareta” and “Guncelinum comitem de Zuerin” is dated 30 Oct 1230[385].  Her date of death is ascertained by the chrater dated 18 Aug 1267 under which “G. et Hel. comites Swerinenses” granted rights to the monks of Wittenburg, for the anniversaries of “patris nostri comitis H. defuncti...et filii nostri H. bone memorie” and “post descessum ma[tr]is nostre adhuc viventis et nostrum nostrarumque uxorum[386].  Günzel [III] & his wife had six children: 

a)         HEINRICH [II] von Schwerin (-before 18 Aug 1267).  “Guntzelinus...comes de Swerin” donated property to Schwerin cathedral, with the consent of “filiorum nostrorum Hinrici et Helmodi”, by charter dated 24 Mar 1251[387].  “G. et Hel. comites Swerinenses” granted rights to the monks of Wittenburg, for the anniversaries of “patris nostri comitis H. defuncti...et filii nostri H. bone memorie” and “post descessum ma[tr]is nostre”, by charter dated 18 Aug 1267[388]

b)         HELMOLD [III] von Schwerin (-after 25 Aug 1295).  “Guntzelinus...comes de Swerin” donated property to Schwerin cathedral, with the consent of “filiorum nostrorum Hinrici et Helmodi”, by charter dated 24 Mar 1251[389].  “Hinricus...comes de Dannenberge necnon Volradus, Fredericus et Bernardus fratres, filii comitis Adolf de Dannenberge bone memorie” exchanged property with “Gunzelino comite de Zwerin ac filio ipsius comite Helmoldo” by charter dated 16 Oct 1273[390]Graf von Schwerin.  “Helmoldus...comes Zwerinensis” donated property to St. Marienberg near Helmstädt, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Gunzelini...Johannis et Nicolai”, by charter dated 5 Nov 1274[391].  “Otto et Conradus...marchiones Brandenburgenses” settled a dispute between “Helmoldum comitem Zwerinensem...et fratrem suum Gunccelinum” concerning the succession of “pater suus...comes Guncelinus felicis memorie”, granting “Nouum Zwerin cum terra Doberen” to Günzel, by charter dated 2 Aug 1276[392].  “Otto...marcgreue tho Brandenborch” agreed a treaty with “unseme...svagere greuen Hellenbolde von Szverin” by charter dated 25 Aug 1295[393]Betrothed [m firstly?] (contract Lauenburg 23 Nov 1264) MECHTILD von Sachsen, daughter of ALBRECHT Duke of Saxony & his third wife Helene von Braunschweig-Lüneburg.  “Helena...ducissa Saxonie, Westfalie et Angarie, Johannes et Albertus filii eius” granted “advocatia terre Boytin” to Stift Ratzeburg, naming “filiabus et sororibus nostris Elysabeth, Helena et Mechtildi”, by charter dated 27 Apr 1261[394].  The marriage contract between “Elena...Westfalie et Saxonie ducissa...et filii nostri Johannes et Albertus Saxonie duces...filia nostra” and “Guncellino et Helmoldo comitibus Zwerinensibus...comiti Helmoldo iuniori de Zwerin” is dated 23 Nov 1264[395].  The contract must have been terminated, or the bride died, before 9 Jun 1266 when Helmold [III] was betrothed to the daughter of Adolf Graf von Dannenberg.  On the other hand, the charter dated 21 Dec 1298 under which [Helmold [III]’s sons] “Guntzelinus et Hinricus...comites de Zwerin” sold the mills in the town of Schwerin to Kloster Reinfeld was witnessed by [Mechtild’s brothers] “cognati nostri duces Saxonie Johannes et Albertus...[396].  It is therefore possible that Helmold’s betrothal to Mechtild was terminated, that he was betrothed to the daughter of Adolf von Dannenberg which betrothal was in turn terminated, and that Helmold later returned to Mechtild.  Betrothed [m firstly?] (contract 9 Jun 1266) --- von Dannenberg, daughter of ADOLF Graf von Dannenberg & his wife --- (-after 18 Oct [1273]).  The marriage contract between “Adolfus...comes de Dannenberge...filiam nostram” and “Guncellinum comitem Zwerinensem et filium eiusdem comitem Helmoldum” is dated 9 Jun 1266, naming “frater noster comes Bernardus de Dannenberge...et duo filii sui comes Heinricus et comes Adolfus de Dannenberge...” among the guarantors[397].  The difficulty of identifying Helmold’s first wife is not solved by the following charter which omits her name: a charter dated 18 Oct [1273] records that Kloster Höckelheim accorded fraternity to “comiti Helmoldo in Tzwerin et uxori sue domine--- necnon filio suo comiti Gunzelino[398]m secondly (contract Lübeck 30 Nov 1287, Papal dispensation 4 Dec 1288) MARGARETA von Schleswig, daughter of ERICH Herzog von Schleswig [Sønderjylland] & his wife Margareta von Rügen (-after 14 Aug 1313).  The marriage contract between “Waldemarus...dux Danorum...sororem nostram Margaretam” and “domino Helmoldo comiti Zwerinensi” is dated 30 Nov 1287, naming “Ruyanorum princeps avunculus noster, Hennike domicellus de Meklenborgh et domicellus Ericus frater noster” as guarantors[399].  Pope Nicholas IV granted dispensation for the marriage of “Helboldus comes de Cwerin” and “Margareta filia quondam ducis Dacie” despite 4o consanguinity, dated 4 Dec 1288[400].  Helmold [III] & his first wife had two children: 

i)          GÜNZEL [IV] von Schwerin (-[31 Oct 1307/5 Sep 1310]).  A charter dated 18 Oct [1273] records that Kloster Höckelheim accorded fraternity to “comiti Helmoldo in Tzwerin et uxori sue domine--- necnon filio suo comiti Gunzelino[401].  “...Guncelinus domicellus Zwerinensis filius dicti comitis Helmoldi...” witnessed the charter dated 25 Jul 1292 which records an agreement between “Johannes miles dictus Gans de Parleberghe” and “domino Helmoldo comite Zwerinensi[402]Graf von Schwerin.  “Guntzelinus et Hinricus...comites de Zwerin” sold the mills in the town of Schwerin to Kloster Reinfeld by charter dated 21 Dec 1298, witnessed by “cognati nostri duces Saxonie Johannes et Albertus, noster patruus comes Nicolaus de Wittenborgh...[403].  “Nicolaus...comes de Wittenborch” confirmed that “fratrueles nostri et cognati Guncelinus et Hinricus adhuc puer frater eius comites Zuerinenses” had sold mills to Schwerin by charter dated 21 Dec 1298[404].  [m MECHTILD [von Holstein?], daughter of --- (-1318).  A churchbook at Wismar records the death in 1318 of “frow Metke vth Holsten, greffynne to Swerin[405].  The chronology suggests that Mechtild could have been the widow of Günzel [IV], who is also the only contemporary Graf von Schwerin whose wife is not otherwise recorded.  Mechtild has not been identified in the family of the Grafen von Holstein.] 

Helmold [III] & his second wife had one child: 

ii)         HEINRICH [III] von Schwerin (-1344)Graf von Schwerin.  “Guntzelinus et Hinricus...comites de Zwerin” sold the mills in the town of Schwerin to Kloster Reinfeld by charter dated 21 Dec 1298, witnessed by “cognati nostri duces Saxonie Johannes et Albertus, noster patruus comes Nicolaus de Wittenborgh...[406].  “Nicolaus...comes de Wittenborch” confirmed that “fratrueles nostri et cognati Guncelinus et Hinricus adhuc puer frater eius comites Zuerinenses” had sold mills to Schwerin by charter dated 21 Dec 1298[407].  Heinrich [III] names his mother Margareta in a charter dated 14 Aug 1313[408]m ([1316], Papal dispensation Avignon 21 Jan 1320) ELISABETH von Holstein, daughter of ADOLF VI Graf von Holstein in Schauenburg & his wife Helene von Sachsen (-after 26 Oct 1321).  A charter dated 26 Oct 1321 names “Elisabeth...quondam comitis de Schouuenborch filia” as wife of Heinrich [III][409]

c)         GÜNZEL [IV] von Schwerin (-after 1283).  “Gunzelinus et Helmoldus filius eius...comites Zwerinenses” donated Melenteke to the church of Ratzeburg by charter dated 7 Aug 1273, witnessed by “filius et frater noster Gunzelinus canonicus ecclesie Zwerinenses...[410].  Canon at Schwerin cathedral.  “Helmoldus...comes Zwerinensis” donated property to St. Marienberg near Helmstädt, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Gunzelini...Johannis et Nicolai”, by charter dated 5 Nov 1274[411].  Herr zu Doberan und Neu-Schwerin: “Otto et Conradus...marchiones Brandenburgenses” settled a dispute between “Helmoldum comitem Zwerinensem...et fratrem suum Gunccelinum” concerning the succession of “pater suus...comes Guncelinus felicis memorie”, granting “Nouum Zwerin cum terra Doberen” to Günzel, by charter dated 2 Aug 1276[412]

d)         JOHANN von Schwerin (-Anagni [May/Sep] 1300).  Canon at Cammin, canon and prebend at Schwerin: Pope Clement IV notified the bishop of Schwerin that “Johammes natus...Guncelini comitis de Zwerin, canonicus ecclesie Caminensis” be appointed as canon and prebend of Schwerin cathedral by charter dated 6 Mar 1267[413].  “Helmoldus...comes Zwerinensis” donated property to St. Marienberg near Helmstädt, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Gunzelini...Johannis et Nicolai”, by charter dated 5 Nov 1274[414].  Thesaurarius at Schwerin 1295.  Bishop of Riga 1295.  The Hermanni Corneri Cronicon records in 1304 the death of “domino Johanne episcopo Rigensi fratre Helmoldi comitis de Zwerin in curia Romana[415]

e)         MECHTILD von Schwerin (-after 21 May 1281).  “Johannes ghans de Wittenberghe” exchanged property with Kloster Marienfliess and der Stepnitz by charter dated 1275, witnessed by “...domina Mechtildis sua uxor...[416].  “Helmoldus et Nycolaus...comites Zwerinenses” confirmed a donation to Lübeck St. Johannes by charter dated 21 May 1281, witnessed by “genero nostro domino Johanni dicto Gans de Wittenberge...[417]m (before 1275) JOHANN Gans von Wittenberge, son of --- (-after 21 May 1281). 

f)          NIKOLAUS [I] von Schwerin (-[3 Feb/23 Jun] 1323).  “Helmoldus...comes Zwerinensis” donated property to St. Marienberg near Helmstädt, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Gunzelini...Johannis et Nicolai”, by charter dated 5 Nov 1274[418]Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg.  Chemnitz’s 14th century Mecklenburg Chronicle records the death in 1323 of “greve Nicolaus van Witteborch”, leaving two sons “Gunceline unde Nicolawse gheheten Pyst[419]m firstly ELISABETH von Holstein, daughter of JOHANN I Graf von Holstein & his wife Elisabeth von Sachsen (-before 14 Oct 1284, bur Kloster Zarrentin).  “Nicolaus…comes Zwerinensis” donated property to Kloster Zarrentin, for “uxoris nostre...sancte recordacionis Elizabet comitisse decesse” who was buried there, by charter dated 14 Oct 1284[420].  Her parentage is confirmed by the Annales Lubicenses which record that in Summer 1317 [her son] “Guncelinus comes de Wittenborch”, in revenge for the death of “sui avunculi Adolphi comitis Holtzatiæ”, conspired with “Adolfo comite de Scowenborch et quibusdam Holtzatis”, invaded “terram Holtzatiæ” near Hamburg, but was captured and taken to “turrim Segheberghe[421]m secondly ([1285/90]) MIROSLAWA von Pommern, daughter of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his third wife Mechtild von Brandenburg ([1270]-[23 Dec 1327/11 Nov 1328]).  Nikolaus [I] & his first wife had one child: 

i)          GÜNZEL [VI] von Schwerin (-1327).  Kantor at Schwerin cathedral 1305, resigned 1312.  Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg. 

-         see below

Nikolaus [I] & his second wife had ten children: 

ii)         MECHTILD von Schwerin .  Nun at Stettin 1304/1306. 

iii)        BEATRIX von Schwerin .  Nun at Stettin 1304/1306. 

iv)       KUNIGUNDE von Schwerin .  Nun at Zarrenthin 1319. 

v)        AGNES von Schwerin .  Nun at Zarrenthin 1319. 

vi)       AUDACIA von Schwerin .  Nun at Zarrenthin 1319.  Abbess 1333/1370. 

vii)      MARGARETA von Schwerin.  "Ericus…Danorum Slavorumque Rex" granted "civitates Tribuses…et Grimme" to "domine Margarethe uxori domini Wyzlai principis Ruyanorum, nostri consanguinei" by charter dated [Apr] 1310[422]m as his first wife, WIZLAW III Fürst von Rügen, son of WIZLAW II Fürst von Rügen & his wife Agnes von Braunschweig (-8 Nov 1325). 

viii)     ANASTASIA von Schwerin .  The Annales Lubicenses record the second marriage in 1306 of "Woldemarus dux Iutiæ" and "filia Nicholai comitis de Wittenborch"[423]m firstly (1306) as his second wife, WALDEMAR IV Herzog von Schleswig [Sønderjylland], son of ERICH I Herzog von Schleswig & his wife Margareta von Rügen (-1312, bur Schleswig Cathedral).  m secondly ([30 Jul/31 Oct] 1313) GERHARD IV Graf von Holstein und Schauenburg, son of GERHARD II Graf von Holstein in Plön & his first wife Ingeborg Valdemarsdotter of Sweden (-after 20 Jan 1317). 

ix)       BARNIM von Schwerin (-[1322/23]).   

x)        MIROSLAWA von Schwerin (-after 19 Feb 1368).  1361.  m (1327, Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 15 Jul 1329) JOHANN III Graf von Holstein, son of GERHARD II Graf von Holstein in Plön & his second wife Agnes von Brandenburg ([1297]-27 Sep 1359, bur Reinfeld). 

xi)       NIKOLAUS [II] von Schwerin (-[17 May 1349/21 Feb 1350]).  Chemnitz’s 14th century Mecklenburg Chronicle records the death in 1323 of “greve Nicolaus van Witteborch”, leaving two sons “Gunceline unde Nicolawse gheheten Pyst[424]Graf von Schwerin in Boitzenburg und Crivitz 1323.  Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg 1345.  m (1349) ELISABETH von Schalksberg, daughter of WIDUKIND von Schalksburg & his wife --- (-30 Aug 1374).  She became Abbess of Herford after her husband died.   

2.         HELMOLD [II] von Schwerin (-after 18 Aug 1267).  “Henricus…comes in Zwerin” donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of “uxoris mee Margarete et heredum meorum Guncelini et Helmoldi”, by charter dated 23 Jun 1227[425].  “G. et Hel. comites Swerinenses” granted rights to the monks of Wittenburg, for the anniversaries of “patris nostri comitis H. defuncti...et filii nostri H. bone memorie” and “post descessum ma[tr]is nostre adhuc viventis et nostrum nostrarumque uxorum”, by charter dated 18 Aug 1267[426]m --- (-after 18 Aug 1267).  “G. et Hel. comites Swerinenses” granted rights to the monks of Wittenburg, for the anniversaries of “patris nostri comitis H. defuncti...et filii nostri H. bone memorie” and “post descessum ma[tr]is nostre adhuc viventis et nostrum nostrarumque uxorum”, by charter dated 18 Aug 1267[427].  The name of Helmold [II]’s wife has not been ascertained. 

3.         MECHTILD von Schwerin .  Kloster Uetersen in Holstein thanked “domine A. seniori cometisse in Zverin” for donating property for anniversary masses for “dominum H. comitem Zverinensem bone memorie vestrum quondam maritum”, and receiving “vos et dominum G. comitem Zverinensem filium vestrum et dominam Mechtildem filiam vestram comitissam de Geligen” into the fraternity, by charter dated to [1236][428]m HEINRICH [I] Graf von Gleichen, son of LAMBERT [II] Graf von Gleichen & his wife Sophia von Orlamünde (-20 Jan 1257). 

4.         ERMENGARDA von Schwerin .  "Swantopolcus…dux Pomeranie" donated property to Kloster Dargun, with the consent of "collateralis nostre Ermegardis ac…Mestwini et Wartislai filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Apr 1252 witnessed by "dux Rattiburius frater noster…"[429]m as his [second/third] wife, SWANTOPOLK [I] Duke of Pommerellen, son of MESTWIN I Duke of Pommerellen & his wife Swinislava --- (-10 Jan 1266). 

 

 

GÜNZEL [VI] von Schwerin, son of NIKOLAUS [I] Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg & his first wife Elisabeth von Holstein (-1327).  Kantor at Schwerin cathedral 1305, resigned 1312.  Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg.  The Annales Lubicenses record that in Summer 1317 “Guncelinus comes de Wittenborch”, in revenge for the death of “sui avunculi Adolphi comitis Holtzatiæ”, conspired with “Adolfo comite de Scowenborch et quibusdam Holtzatis”, invaded “terram Holtzatiæ” near Hamburg, but was captured and taken to “turrim Segheberghe[430].  Chemnitz’s 14th century Mecklenburg Chronicle records the death in 1323 of “greve Nicolaus van Witteborch”, leaving two sons “Gunceline unde Nicolawse gheheten Pyst[431]

m RICHARDIS von Tecklenburg, daughter of OTTO [IV] Graf von Tecklenburg [Bentheim-Holland] & his wife Beatrix von Rietberg.  1301/1326. 

Günzel [VI] & his wife had five children: 

1.         OTTO [I] von Schwerin (-14 Jan 1357)Graf von Schwerinm MECHTILD von Werle, daughter of JOHANN III Fürst von Werle [Mecklenburg] & his [first wife Mechtild von Pommern].  1361.  Otto [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         daughter . 

b)         RICHARDIS von Schwerin (-[23 Apr/11 Jun] 1377, bur Stockholm Dominican Church)m (contract Wismar 12 Oct 1352, 1359) as his first wife, ALBRECHT von Mecklenberg, son of ALBRECHT II "der Große" Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Eufemia Eriksdatter of Sweden (1340-Dobrenau [31 Mar /1 Apr] 1412).  He succeeded as ALBERT King of Sweden in 1364.  He succeeded his father in 1379 as ALBRECHT III joint Herzog von Mecklenburg

2.         NIKOLAUS [I] von Schwerin (-1387 or after).  Graf von Tecklenburg 1329.  m (before 1335) HELENE von Oldenburg, daughter of OTTO Graf von Oldenburg in Altbruchhausen & his wife --- (-after 1352). 

-        GRAFEN von TECKLENBURG[432]

3.         MECHTILD von Schwerin .  1330.  m HENNING Graf von Gützkow, son of ---.  1320/1340. 

4.         BEATE von Schwerin (-before 1340)m (1334) as his first wife, ALBRECHT IV Herzog von Sachsen in Bergedorf und Mölln, son of JOHANN II Herzog von Sachsen in Lauenburg und Bergedorf & his wife Elisabeth von Holstein-Rendsburg (-Feb 1343, bur Mölln). 

5.         RICHARDIS von Schwerin (-1384)m WALDEMAR V Herzog von Schleswig [Sønderjylland], son of ERICH II Herzog von Schleswig & his wife Adelheid von Holstein-Rendsborg (-1364). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    HERREN von WERLE 1230-1425, FÜRSTEN zu WENDEN 1418-1425

 

 

NIKOLAUS [I] von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH BORWIN [II] Herr von Mecklenburg zu Rostock & his wife Christine of Scotland (-13/14 May 1277, bur Doberan).  The Annales Stadenses names (in order) "Iohanne, Nicolao, Borewino et Pribizlavo" as the four sons of "Borewinus princes Slavorum"[433].  Herr von Rostock: “Johannes, Nycolaus, Heinricus fratres domini de Rozstoch” granted freedoms to the citizens of Lübeck by charter dated 15 Feb 1226 (O.S.?)[434].  “Heinricus…dominus de Rostoch” founded a convent at Güstrow, with the consent of “patris mei Burwini domini Magnopolensis, et filiorum meorum Johannis, Nicolai, Heinrici, Pribizlaui”, by charter dated 3 Jun 1226[435].  “Johannes und Nicolaus gebruder Hern zu Mechelnburg” confirmed the properties of Kloster Dobbertin, donated by “ihr grossuater Burwinus, ihre vater Hinricus und Vatersbruder Nicolaus”, by charter dated 28 Aug 1227[436].  Herr von Mecklenburg: "Johannes, Nicolaus, Heinricus, Pribizlaws, fratres, domini Magnopolenses" confirmed the donation by "pater noster Heinricus dominus de Roztoch" to the Johanniter Comthurei Mirow, by charter dated 3 Dec 1227[437].  Herr von Werle 1230/1249.  "Nicolaus dominus de Rozstoc" confirmed the rights of Kloster Amelungsborn, with the consent of "uxoris mee Jutte ac fratrum meorum Johannis…et Heinrici ac Pribizlavi", by charter dated 10 Mar 1233[438].  Herr von Güstrow 1243/1249.  “Hermannus...Caminensis ecclesie episcopus” confirmed the church of Güstrow, with the consent of “soceri nostri domini Nycolai de Werle”, by charter dated 5 Aug 1263[439].  The precise family relationship by marriage between Hermann von Gleichen Bishop of Cammin and Nikolaus Herr von Werle has not been ascertained, unless it was through the bishop’s brother Heinrich Graf von Gleichenstein whose wife’s brother Günzel [III] Graf von Schwerin was married to Nikolaus’s sister.  If this is the relevant relationship, the term “socer” in this document was used in an unusually extended sense.  “Ericus...dux Jucie” agreed an alliance with “soceris nostris dominis Nicolao de Werle, Hinrico filio eiusdem, Guncelino comite Zuerinensi et Waldemaro de Rostok”, in particular against “Ericum regem Dacie”, by charter dated 25 Feb 1272[440].  “Nicolaus...et filii eius...Henricus et Johannes et Bernardus domini de Werle” donated “villam Cirethowe...et villam Liniz” to the Knights of St. John at Mirow by charter dated 29 Apr 1273[441].  "Nicolaus…Heinricus, Johannes et Bernardus, filii sui, dicti de Werle" donated property to Kloster Amerlungsborn, by charter dated 1274[442].  "Nicolaus princeps Sclauie" confirmed donations to Kloster Amerluncborn by "bone memorie dominus Heinricus de Werle pater meus", in memory of "domini Buorwini avi mei et patrui mei Nicolai", by undated charter[443].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “Non Mai” 1277 of “Nicolaus...dns in Sclavia” and his donation of “bona Sechelin[444]

m (before 10 Mar 1233) JUTTA von Anhalt, of HEINRICH I "der Fette" Graf von Anhalt und Aschersleben & his wife Irmgard von Thüringen (-after 14 May 1277).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iuttam…Sophiam…Hedwigem" as daughters of "Henricum comitem de Anahalt" & his wife, specifying that Jutta married "Nycolaus dominus de Werle"[445].  "Nicolaus dominus de Rozstoc" confirmed the rights of Kloster Amelungsborn, with the consent of "uxoris mee Jutte ac fratrum meorum Johannis…et Heinrici ac Pribizlavi", by charter dated 10 Mar 1233[446].  “Henricus et Johannes...domini de Werle” donated property to religious orders, for the souls of “patris nostri domini Nicolai de Werle felicis memorie et matris nostre domine Jutte”, by charter dated 14 May 1277[447]

Nikolaus [I] & his wife had [seven] children: 

1.         MARGARETA von Werle (after 1231-before 27 May 1261)m ([1252/53]) as his second wife, BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania, son of BOGISLAW II Duke of Pomerania & his wife Miroslawa von Pommerellen (-13/14 Feb 1278, bur Stettin Marienkirche).

2.         MARGARETA von Werle (-after 1285)m ([1248]) MORITZ [I] Graf von Spiegelberg, son of BERNHARD Graf von Poppenburg und Spiegelberg & his wife --- (-before 1 May 1289).

3.         HEINRICH [I] von Werle (-murdered near Saal, Rügen 8 Oct 1291).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Iohannem…Henricum seniorem" as sons of "Nycolaus dominus de Werle" & his wife[448].  "Nicolaus de Werle et dominus in Gutztowe" donated property to Kloster Amerluncborn, by charter dated 1244, witnessed by "Heinricus et Johannes filii nostri"[449].  “Ericus...dux Jucie” agreed an alliance with “soceris nostris dominis Nicolao de Werle, Hinrico filio eiusdem, Guncelino comite Zuerinensi et Waldemaro de Rostok”, in particular against “Ericum regem Dacie”, by charter dated 25 Feb 1272[450].  “Nicolaus...et filii eius...Henricus et Johannes et Bernardus domini de Werle” donated “villam Cirethowe...et villam Liniz” to the Knights of St. John at Mirow by charter dated 29 Apr 1273[451].  "Nicolaus…Heinricus, Johannes et Bernardus, filii sui, dicti de Werle" donated property to Kloster Amerluncborn, by charter dated 1274[452].  “Hinricus...dominus de Werle” sold property to “Symoni, Alberto Spiszenagel ac Johanni dicto Rufus fratribus” by charter dated 28 Jun 1275[453].  “Henricus et Johannes...domini de Werle” donated property to religious orders, for the souls of “patris nostri domini Nicolai de Werle felicis memorie et matris nostre domine Jutte”, by charter dated 14 May 1277[454].  Herr zu Werle zu Güstrow 1281.  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “VIII Id Oct” 1291 of “Hinricus...dominus in Werle hunc filius suus interfecit[455].  He was murdered by his sons.  "Nicholaus et Johannes…domini de Werle et Johannes eadem…domicellus de eodem" donated property "villam Warkentin quondam per Hinricum dominum de Werle nostrum patruum bone memorie" to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Oct 1314, which also names "Kazimarus et Wartislaus eius filius"[456]m firstly (1262) as her second husband, RIKISSA Birgersdotter, widow of HAAKON Haakonsson "den Unge/the Young" under King of Norway, daughter of BIRGER Magnusson Jarl and Regent of Sweden [Folkungaätten] & his first wife Ingeborg of Sweden (-before 13 Dec 1288).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Rixam filiam regis Suecie" as wife of "Henricum seniorem [filium Nycolai domini de Werle]"[457]m secondly (1291) MECHTILD von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of JOHANN I Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Liutgard von Holstein (-Wienhausen 8 Jan after 1308, bur Kloster Wienhausen).  Heinrich [I] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         NIKOLAUS von Werle (-after 15 May 1298).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Hinricus” had “Nicolaum et Hinricum[458]

b)         HEINRICH [II] von Werle (-after 1308).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Hinricus” had “Nicolaum et Hinricum[459].  Herr zu Werle zu Penzlin.  m (before 1290) BEATRIX von Pommern, daughter of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his third wife Beatrix von Brandenburg [Askanier] (-[1315/16]).  Heinrich [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          BARNIM von Werle (-after 8 Jun 1339).  Canon at Cammin Cathedral 1317.  Provost of St Marien at Stettin 1322.  Provost at Cammin Cathedral 1330/1333.  Monk at Kolbatz 1330. 

ii)         MECHTILD von Werle (-[21 Jan 1356]).  Prioress of Pyritz.

c)         RICHSA von Werle (-after 2 Oct 1312, bur Göttingen Barfüsser-Kloster).  The Chronica Principum Brunsvicensium names "filiam Henrici domini de Werle" as wife of "Albertus [filius Alberti]"[460]m (10 Jan 1284) ALBRECHT von Braunschweig, son of ALBRECHT "der Große" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg & his second wife Alessina di Monferrato ([1268]-22 Sep 1318, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).  He succeeded in 1291 as ALBRECHT II "der Fette/der Feiste" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Göttingen, also in Braunschweig 1294. 

4.         JOHANN [I] von Werle (-15 Oct 1283, bur Doberan).  "Nicolaus de Werle et dominus in Gutztowe" donated property to Kloster Amerluncborn, by charter dated 1244, witnessed by "Heinricus et Johannes filii nostri"[461].  “Nicolaus...et filii eius...Henricus et Johannes et Bernardus domini de Werle” donated “villam Cirethowe...et villam Liniz” to the Knights of St. John at Mirow by charter dated 29 Apr 1273[462].  "Nicolaus…Heinricus, Johannes et Bernardus, filii sui, dicti de Werle" donated property to Kloster Amerluncborn, by charter dated 1274[463].  “Henricus et Johannes...domini de Werle” donated property to religious orders, for the souls of “patris nostri domini Nicolai de Werle felicis memorie et matris nostre domine Jutte”, by charter dated 14 May 1277[464].  Herr zu Werle zu Parchim.  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “octavo X Kal Nov” 1283 of “Johannes...dns in Werle[465]m SOPHIE von Lindau-Ruppin, daughter of GÜNTHER I Graf von Lindau-Ruppin (-[18 Jan 1301/9 Jun 1304], bur Röbel Dominican Abbey).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie refers to the wife of "Iohannem seniorem [filium Nycolai domini de Werle]" as "filiam comitis Guntheri de Repin"[466].  "Nicolaus…dominus de Werle" sold property to Kloster Amerluncborn, with the consent of "matris nostre Domine Sophie, et fratrum nostrorum Guntheri, Bernardi, Henrici et Johannis", by charter dated 1291[467].  Johann [I] & his wife had six children: 

a)         NIKOLAUS [II] von Werle (-Pustow 12 Oct 1316).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus...Johannes” had “Nicolaum, Johannem, Guntherum, Hinricum et Bernardum[468].  "Nicolaus…dominus de Werle" sold property to Kloster Amerluncborn, with the consent of "matris nostre Domine Sophie, et fratrum nostrorum Guntheri, Bernardi, Henrici et Johannis", by charter dated 1291[469].  Herr von Werle zu Parchim 1283.  Herr zu Güstrow 1291.  "Nicholaus et Johannes…domini de Werle et Johannes eadem…domicellus de eodem" donated property "villam Warkentin quondam per Hinricum dominum de Werle nostrum patruum bone memorie" to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Oct 1314, which also names "Kazimarus et Wartislaus eius filius"[470].  Herr von Wenden 1314.  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “IV Id Oct” 1316 of “Nicolaus 2...filius Johannis dominus de Werle[471].  He died of leprosy[472]m firstly (Papal dispensation 4o Orvieto 1 Oct 1291, [1291/1301]) RICHIZA of Denmark, daughter of ERIK V "Klipping" King of Denmark & his wife Agnes von Brandenburg (-[1303/27 Oct 1308]).  m secondly ([Crivitz 10 Jul 1314]) MECHTILD von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of OTTO II "der Strenge" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Lüneburg & his second wife Mechtild von Bayern .  Nikolaus [II] & his wife had two children:

i)          JOHANN [III] von Werle (-after 1 Apr 1352).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Nicolaus” was succeeded by “filius eius Johannes, alias dictus Kneseianeke[473].  Co-ruler 1311.  Herr zu Werle zu Goldberg 1316.  Herr von Wenden 1328.  m firstly (contract Stettin 20 Jan 1317) MECHTILD von Pommern, daughter of OTTO I Duke of Pomerania in Stettin & his second wife Elisabeth von Holstein (-12 Jul 1332).  m secondly RICHARDIS, daughter of --- (-before 6 Jul 1346).  Johann [III] & his first wife had [three] children:

(a)       JOHANN von Werle (-before 1341). 

(b)       NIKOLAUS [IV] von Werle (-[14 Mar/16 Nov] 1354)Co-ruler 1343.  Herr zu Werle zu Goldberg 1343.  m (before 6 Jul 1346) as her first husband, AGNES von Lindau-Ruppin, daughter of ULRICH II Graf von Lindau-Ruppin (-after 13 Apr 1367).  She married secondly (before 10 Dec 1361) as his third wife, Johann I Herzog von Mecklenburg.  Nikolaus [IV] & his wife had three children: 

(1)       MECHTILD von Werle (-after 17 Dec 1402[474]).  m LORENZ Herr von Werle zu Güstrow, son of NIKOLAUS [III] Herr von Werle zu Güstrow & his first wife Agnes von Mecklenburg (1339-15 Sep 1393).

(2)       AGNES von Werle (-after 26 Sep 1383)m JOHANN [VI] Herr von Werle zu Waren, son of BERNHARD [II] Herr von Werle zu Waren & his wife Elisabeth von Holstein-Plön (1341-[7 Mar 1389/16 Oct 1395]).

(3)       JOHANN [IV] von Werle (-[29 Jul/14 Dec] 1374, bur Doberan).  Herr von Werle zu Goldberg. 

(c)       [MECHTILD von Werle (-after 1361)m OTTO [I] Graf von Schwerin, son of GÜNZEL [VI] Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg & his wife Richarda von Tecklenburg [Bentheim-Holland] (-14 Jan 1357).]

Johann [III] & his [second] wife had two children:

(d)       SOPHIE von Werle (-1384, bur Neuruppin)m ALBRECHT [VI] Graf von Lindau-Ruppin (-1391 before 29 Apr).

(e)       RIXA von Werle (-after 9 Oct 1392).  Prioress at Dobertin.

ii)         SOPHIE von Werle (-after 6 Dec 1339)m ([1315], Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 2 Jan 1325 and 11 Jul 1326) GERHARD Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Rendsburg, son of HEINRICH Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Rendsburg & his wife Heilwig von Bronkhorst (-killed in battle Randers 1 Apr 1340).  Administrator of Denmark 1326/1336.  Duke of Jutland 1326/1330. 

b)         JOHANN [II] von Werle (-27 Aug 1337, bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus...Johannes” had “Nicolaum, Johannem, Guntherum, Hinricum et Bernardum[475].  "Nicholaus et Johannes…domini de Werle et Johannes eadem…domicellus de eodem" donated property "villam Warkentin quondam per Hinricum dominum de Werle nostrum patruum bone memorie" to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Oct 1314, which also names "Kazimarus et Wartislaus eius filius"[476].  Herr von Wenden 1314.  Herr zu Güstrow 1316. 

-        see below

c)         GÜNTHER von Werle (-after 20 Apr 1310).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus...Johannes” had “Nicolaum, Johannem, Guntherum, Hinricum et Bernardum”, specifying that Günther was “canonicus maioris ecclesie Magdeburgensis[477].  "Nicolaus…dominus de Werle" sold property to Kloster Amerluncborn, with the consent of "matris nostre Domine Sophie, et fratrum nostrorum Guntheri, Bernardi, Henrici et Johannis", by charter dated 1291[478].  Canon at Güstrow 1301.  Postulat of Cammin 1302.  Canon at Magdeburg 1303/1310.

d)         BERNHARD von Werle (-after 24 Aug 1309, bur Röbel).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus...Johannes” had “Nicolaum, Johannem, Guntherum, Hinricum et Bernardum”, specifying that the last two became “fratres predicatores in Robele[479].  "Nicolaus…dominus de Werle" sold property to Kloster Amerluncborn, with the consent of "matris nostre Domine Sophie, et fratrum nostrorum Guntheri, Bernardi, Henrici et Johannis", by charter dated 1291[480].  Dominican monk. 

e)         HEINRICH von Werle (-after 17 Mar 1291, bur Röbel).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus...Johannes” had “Nicolaum, Johannem, Guntherum, Hinricum et Bernardum”, specifying that the last two became “fratres predicatores in Robele[481].  "Nicolaus…dominus de Werle" sold property to Kloster Amerluncborn, with the consent of "matris nostre Domine Sophie, et fratrum nostrorum Guntheri, Bernardi, Henrici et Johannis", by charter dated 1291[482].  Dominican monk. 

f)          JOHANN von Werle (-after 10 Mar 1311).  "Nicolaus…dominus de Werle" sold property to Kloster Amerluncborn, with the consent of "matris nostre Domine Sophie, et fratrum nostrorum Guntheri, Bernardi, Henrici et Johannis", by charter dated 1291[483].  Minor until 1288.  Herr von Werle 1309.  "Nicholaus et Johannes…domini de Werle et Johannes eadem…domicellus de eodem" donated property "villam Warkentin quondam per Hinricum dominum de Werle nostrum patruum bone memorie" to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Oct 1314, which also names "Kazimarus et Wartislaus eius filius"[484]

5.         HEDWIG von Werle (-9 Sep 1287, bur Kloster Chorin).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "filiam domini Nicolai Hedwigem" as the wife of "Iohannem [filium Iohannis]"[485]m ([1258/62]) JOHANN von Brandenburg, son of JOHANN I Markgraf von Brandenburg & his first wife Sophie of Denmark ([1233/42]-Tangermünde 10 Sep 1281, bur Kloster Chorin).  He succeeded his father in [1266/67] as JOHANN II Markgraf von Brandenburg

6.         BERNHARD [I] von Werle (-[9 Mar 1282/3 Mar 1288]).  “Nicolaus...et filii eius...Henricus et Johannes et Bernardus domini de Werle” donated “villam Cirethowe...et villam Liniz” to the Knights of St. John at Mirow by charter dated 29 Apr 1273[486].  "Nicolaus…Heinricus, Johannes et Bernardus, filii sui, dicti de Werle" donated property to Kloster Amerluncborn, by charter dated 1274[487].  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “VI Id Oct” 1281 of “Bernardus Nicolai primi filius...domicellus de Werle[488]

7.         [daughter .  m KONRAD Graf von Gützkow (-1284 or after).] 

 

 

JOHANN [II] von Werle, son of JOHANN [I] Herr von Werle zu Parchim [Mecklenburg] & his wife Sophie von Lindau-Ruppin (-27 Aug 1337, bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus...Johannes” had “Nicolaum, Johannem, Guntherum, Hinricum et Bernardum[489].  "Nicholaus et Johannes…domini de Werle et Johannes eadem…domicellus de eodem" donated property "villam Warkentin quondam per Hinricum dominum de Werle nostrum patruum bone memorie" to Kloster Arendsee by charter dated 2 Oct 1314, which also names "Kazimarus et Wartislaus eius filius"[490].  Herr von Wenden 1314.  Herr zu Güstrow 1316.  The mid-14th century window in Kloster Doberan records the death “VI Kal Sep” 1337 of “Johannes secundus...dominus de Werle[491]

m (contract Eisenach 23 Oct 1311, before 22 May 1318) MECHTILD von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, daughter of HEINRICH I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Grubenhagen und Salzderhelden & his wife Agnes von Meissen ([1295]-before 14 Mar 1344, bur Röbel Dominican monastery). 

Johann [II] & his wife had three children: 

1.         NIKOLAUS [III] von Werle (-[10 Aug 1360/1 Aug 1361]).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Johannes secundus” had “duos filios Nicolaum et Bernardum”, of whom Nikolaus obtained “Gustrowe, Plawe, Nyenkalant et Krakow[492].  Herr zu Werle.  Herr zu Wenden 1343.  Herr zu Güstrow 1347.  m firstly (contract Lübeck, Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 15 Sep 1338) AGNES von Mecklenburg, daughter of HEINRICH II "dem Löwen" Herr von Mecklenburg & his second wife Anna von Sachsen-Wittenberg ([1320]-before 1341).  m secondly (1341) MECHTILD von Holstein, daughter of JOHANN III Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Plön & his first wife Katharina von Glogau [Piast] (-after 6 Jan 1367).  Nikolasu [III] & his [first] wife had one child:

a)         LORENZ von Werle (-15 Sep 1393).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Nicolaus tercius” left “duos filios...dominum Laurencium et Johannem, qui iam actu dominium patris sui tenent[493].  Herr von Werle zu Güstrow 1361.  Herr zu Goldberg 1374.  Herr zu Wenden 1363.  m MECHTILD von Werle, daughter of NIKOLAUS [IV] Herr von Werle zu Parchim [Mecklenburg] & his wife Agnes von Lindau-Ruppin (-after 1402).  Lorenz & his wife had five children: 

i)          BALTHASAR von Werle (-5 Apr 1421).  Herr von Werle zu Güstrow und Goldberg 1393.  Fürst zu Wenden, Herr zu Werle 1418.  He died of the plague[494]m firstly ([15 Jan/18 Oct] 1397) EUFEMIA von Mecklenburg, daughter of MAGNUS I Herzog von Mecklenburg & his wife Elsabe von Pommern-Rügen (-1416, bur Güstrow Cathedral).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “unum filium dominum Johannem et unicam filiam Eufemiam” as the children of Duke Magnus, adding that Eufemia married “domino Balthazar domino de Werle[495]m secondly (Papal dispensation 3o 18 May 1411[496], before 18 Apr 1417) as her first husband, HEDWIG von Holstein, daughter of GERHARD VI Herzog von Schleswig, Graf von Holstein & his wife Katharina [Elisabeth] von Braunschweig (1398-1436, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to, but does not name, one daughter of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie" & his wife as the wife firstly of "Baltazaro domino Slavorum" (by whom she was childless) and secondly of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg"[497].  She married secondly (1423) as his second wife, Dietrich Graf von Oldenburg

ii)         JOHANN [VII] von Werle (-[26 Jun/16 Jul] 1414)m as her first husband, KATHARINA von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of ERICH IV Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Sophie von Braunschweig (-after 18 Nov 1448).  Regent in Schwerin 1422/1436.  She married secondly (Papal dispensation 12 Aug 1417) as his second wife, Johann IV Herzog von Mecklenburg.

iii)        NIKOLAUS von Werle (-after 1 May 1401).

iv)       WILHELM von Werle (-7 Sep 1436, bur Güstrow Cathedral).  Herr zu Werle 1408.  Fürst zu Wenden, Herr zu Werle 1418.  Herr zu Güstrow 1421.  m firstly (1422) ANNA von Anhalt, daughter of ALBRECHT IV von Anhalt Herr zu Köthen & his first wife Elisabeth von Mansfeld (-before 13 Jun 1426, bur Güstrow Cathedral).  m secondly ([13 Nov 1426/1427], Papal dispensation 26 Jul 1428) SOPHIE von Pommern, daughter of WARTISLAW VIII Duke of Pomerania in Rügen & his wife Agnes von Sachsen-Lauenburg (-after 17 Mar 1453).  Wilhelm & his second wife had one child:

(a)       KATHARINA von Werle (-[21 Jul 1475/13 Jan 1480])m ([14 Feb/15 Sep] 1454) ULRICH II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard, son of HEINRICH Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard & his second wife Ingeborg von Pommern-Stettin ([1428]-13 Jul 1471, bur Wanzka).

v)        EUFEMIA von Werle (-after 17 Dec 1402). 

Nikolaus [III] & his second wife had two children: 

b)         JOHANN [V] von Werle (-after 24 Aug 1377).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Nicolaus tercius” left “duos filios...dominum Laurencium et Johannem, qui iam actu dominium patris sui tenent[498].  Fürst von Werle zu Güstrow.  m (16 Jun 1377) EUFEMIA von Mecklenburg, daughter of HEINRICH III Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Ingeborg of Denmark (-after 6 Aug 1400). 

c)         KATHARINA von Werle (-after 17 Dec 1402)m (before 25 Jan 1366) ALBRECHT [V] von Sachsen in Bergedorff und Mölln, son of ALBRECHT IV Herzog von Sachsen in Bergedorf und Mölln & his first wife Beate von Schwerin (-[1370]). 

2.         BERNHARD [II] von Werle (-[16 Jan 1382/12 Mar 1390]).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Johannes secundus” had “duos filios Nicolaum et Bernardum”, of whom Bernhard obtained “Warne, Robele, Pentzelyn et Wredenhaghen[499].  Herr von Werle zu Waren 1347.  m (1341) ELISABETH von Holstein-Plön, daughter of JOHANN III Graf von Holstein in Plön & his first wife Katharina von Glogau [Piast] (-[10 Aug 1391/15 Aug 1410]).  Bernhard [II] & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHANN von Werle (1341-[1389/95]).  Co-ruler 1369.  m AGNES von Werle, daughter of NIKOLAUS [IV] Fürst von Werle zu Parchim [Mecklenburg] & his wife Agnes von Lindau-Ruppin (-after 26 Sep 1383).  Johann & his wife had four children: 

i)          NIKOLAUS [V] von Werle (-after 21 Jan 1408).  Herr von Werle zu Waren 1401.  m (after 7 Apr 1398) as her second husband, SOPHIE von Pommern, widow of ERICH I Herzog von Mecklenburg, daughter of BOGISLAW VI Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast & his second wife Agnes von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (-before 21 Aug 1408).  Nikolaus [V] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       JUTTA von Werle (-before 1427)m as his first wife, HEINRICH Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard, son of ULRICH I Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard & his second wife Margarete von Pommern (-[26 May/20 Aug] 1466, bur Wanzka). 

ii)         CHRISTOPH von Werle (-killed in battle 25 Aug 1425, bur Röbel).  

iii)        AGNES von Werle (-after 20 Oct 1449).  Nun at Malchow.

iv)       MIRISLAWA von Werle (-after 28 Nov 1436).  Nun at Quedlinburg.

b)         MECHTILD von Werle m (before 26 Feb 1377) as his second wife, HEINRICH III Herzog von Mecklenburg, son of ALBRECHT II "der Große" Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Eufemia Eriksdatter of Sweden (-Wismar 24 Apr 1383). 

c)         MIRISLAWA von Werle .  Nun at Eldena.

3.         SOPHIE von Werle ([1329]-5 Sep 1364, bur Marienthron).  She died of plague[500]m firstly (1341) as his second wife, ALBRECHT IV Herzog von Sachsen in Bergedorf und Mölln, son of JOHANN II Herzog von Sachsen in Lauenburg und Bergedorf & his wife Elisabeth von Holstein-Rendsburg (-Feb 1343, bur Mölln).  m secondly ([1343]) BARNIM IV Duke of Pomerania, son of WARTISLAW IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast und Hinterpommern & his wife Elisabeth von Lindau-Ruppin ([1325]-22 Aug 1365). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    HERZOGEN von MECKLENBURG 1348-1507

 

 

ALBRECHT [II] "der Große" von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH II "der Löwe" Herr von Mecklenburg & his second wife Anna von Sachsen ([1318]-Schwerin 18 Feb 1379, bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Hinricus...dominus Magnopolensis, sed et Stargardensis et Rozstokcensis” had “duos filios...dominum Albertum et dominum Johannem” who were invested as dukes in Prague in 1348[501].  “Henricus...Magnopolensis et Stargardie dominus” donated Wismar church to Ratzeburg Cathedral, with the consent of “domine uxoris nostre et filiorum nostrorum Henrici et Alberti”, by charter dated 5 Jan 1321[502].  He was created Herzog von Mecklenburg und Fürst by Imperial Order at Prague 8 Jul 1348.  He bought the county of Schwerin in 1358 for 20,000 silver marks[503]

m firstly (contract Bohus 24 Jul 1321, Rostock [10 Apr] 1336) EUFEMIA Eriksdatter of Sweden, daughter of ERIK Magnusson of Sweden Duke in Södermanland & his wife Ingeborg of Norway ([1317]-[27 Oct 1363/16 Jun 1370]).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Albertus” married “Eufemia soror domini Agni, quondam regis Suecie[504]

m secondly (before 4 Mar 1378) as her first husband, ADELHEID von Honstein, daughter of ULRICH Graf von Honstein in Kelbra & his wife --- (-1405 or after).  She married secondly Friedrich [VIII] "der Ältere" Graf von Beichlingen in Sachsenburg. 

Herzog Albrecht [II] & his first wife had five children:

1.         HEINRICH "de Henger"[505] von Mecklenburg (-Wismar 24 Apr 1383).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Albertus” had “tres filios: Hinricum, Albertum et Magnum[506].  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "in terra Mekelemberg…Hinricus comes bellicosus et sagax", specifying that he was the son of "Albertum…quem voluit in regnum Swecie introducere"[507].  He succeeded his father in 1379 as HEINRICH III Herzog von Mecklenburg.  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Albertus...filius eius senior Hinricus” was mortally wounded in a tournament at Wismar in 1384 “in die sancti Georgii” and died soon afterwards[508].  He died following an accident at a tournament[509][510]Betrothed to MARGRETE of Denmark, daughter of VALDEMAR IV "Atterdag" King of Denmark & his wife Heilwig von Schleswig (1345-1350).  m firstly (contract Dornburg 23 Oct 1350, before 3 Jun 1362) INGEBORG of Denmark, daughter of VALDEMAR IV "Atterdag" King of Denmark & his wife Heilwig von Schleswig (1 Apr 1347-before 16 Jun 1370).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Hinricus” married “dominam Ingeburgem filiam domini Woldemari regis Danorum[511]m secondly (before 26 Feb 1377) MECHTILD von Werle, daughter of BERNHARD II Fürst von Werle zu Waren [Mecklenburg] & his wife Elisabeth von Holstein-Plön.  Herzog Heinrich [III] & his first wife had four children:

a)         EUPHEMIA von Mecklenburg (-after 6 Aug 1400).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “Albertum cum duabus filiabus” as the children of “dominus Hinricus” and his wife “dominam Ingeburgem filiam domini Woldemari regis Danorum[512].  No children.  m (16 Jun 1377) JOHANN V Fürst von Werle-Güstrow, son of NIKOLAUS III Fürst von Werle zu Güstrow & his second wife Mechtild von Holstein-Schauenburg (-after 24 Aug 1377). 

b)         ALBRECHT von Mecklenburg (-before 24 Jun [1387/88]).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “Albertum cum duabus filiabus” as the children of “dominus Hinricus” and his wife “dominam Ingeburgem filiam domini Woldemari regis Danorum[513].  He was recognized as heir of Denmark in 1375[514].  He succeeded his father in 1383 as ALBRECHT IV Herzog von Mecklenburgm as her first husband, ELISABETH von Holstein-Rendsburg, daughter of NIKOLAUS Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg & his wife Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (-25 Jan 1416, bur Cammin).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Hinricus...filius unicus Albertus” married “filiam domini Nicolai comitis Holtzacie ac sororem Alberti ducis Luneburgensis” but died childless[515].  She married secondly (1404) Erich V Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg

c)         MARIE von Mecklenburg ([1363/67]-after 13 May 1402).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “Albertum cum duabus filiabus” as the children of “dominus Hinricus” and his wife “dominam Ingeburgem filiam domini Woldemari regis Danorum[516].  She was ancestor of the later Kings of Denmark, as eventual heiress of her maternal aunt Margrethe I Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.  m (1380 before 23 Mar) WARTISLAW VII Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern, son of BOGISLAW V Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern & his second wife Adelheid von Braunschweig (-killed in battle [1394/24 Feb 1395]). 

d)         INGEBURG von Mecklenburg (1368-28 Sep 1408).  Nun at Ribnitz 1376, abbess 1395. 

2.         INGEBORG von Mecklenburg ([1340]-after 25 Jul 1395, bur Itzehoe)m firstly (contract Pritzwalk 25 Jun 1357, Feb 1360) as his second wife, LUDWIG VI Duke of Bavaria Markgraf von Brandenburg, son of Emperor LUDWIG IV King of Germany, Duke of Bavaria Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his second wife Marguerite de Hainaut [Avesnes] Ctss de Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland (Rome 7 May 1328-Berlin 17 May 1365, bur Berlin Church of the Franciscan Order).  m secondly (before 1374) as his second wife, HEINRICH II "der Eiserne" Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg, son of GERHARD III "der Grosse" Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg & his wife Sophie von Werle [Mecklenburg] ([1317]-[16 Oct 1384/12 Jun 1389], bur Itzehoe). 

3.         ALBRECHT von Mecklenburg ([1340]-Dobrenau [31 Mar /1 Apr] 1412, bur Doberan)The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Albertus” had “tres filios: Hinricum, Albertum et Magnum[517].  He was crowned ALBERT King of Sweden at Uppsala 18 Feb 1364, his right of accession coming through his mother's family.  He succeeded his father in 1379 as ALBRECHT III joint Herzog von Mecklenburg.  Deposed as King of Sweden in 1389, he was imprisoned by Margrethe Queen of Denmark from 24 Feb 1389 to 26 Sep 1395.  Lord of Gotland 1397/1399.  He formally abdicated as King of Sweden in 1405.  m firstly (contract Wismar 12 Oct 1352, 1359) RICHARDIS von Schwerin, daughter of OTTO [I] Graf von Schwerin & his wife Mechtild von Werle [Mecklenburg] (-[23 Apr/11 Jun] 1377, bur Stockholm Dominican Church).  m secondly (Schwerin 12/13 Feb 1396) as her third husband, AGNES von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, widow firstly of BURCHARD V Graf von Mansfeld and secondly of BOGISLAW VI Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, daughter of MAGNUS II "Torquatus/mit der Kette" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Katharina von Anhalt (-[1 Aug 1430/22 Dec 1434], bur Gadebusch).  Herzog Albrecht [III] & his first wife had three children:

a)         ERICH von Mecklenburg (-Landscrona 26 Jul 1397, bur Wisby St Mary's Church).  Lord of Gotland.  He was imprisoned with his father by Margrethe Queen of Denmark from 24 Feb 1389 to 26 Sep 1395.  He died of plague[518]m (10/15 Feb 1396) as her first husband, SOPHIE von Pommern, daughter of BOGISLAW VI Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast & his second wife Agnes von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (-before 21 Aug 1408). She married secondly (after 7 Apr 1398) Nikolaus [V] Herr zu Werle [Mecklenburg]. 

b)         daughter (-after 1 May 1376).

c)         RICHARDIS von Mecklenburg (-after 15 Mar 1400)m (Prague 10 Feb 1388) JOHANN of Bohemia Markgraf of Brandenburg Herzog von Görlitz, son of Emperor KARL IV King of Germany, King of Bohemia & his fourth wife Elisabeth von Pommern (Prague 22 Jun 1370-Kloster Neuzelle 1 Mar 1396, bur Prague Cathedral St Veit). 

Herzog Albrecht [III] & his second wife had one child:

d)         ALBRECHT [V] von Mecklenburg (-[1 Jun/6 Dec] 1423, bur Gadebusch).  Minor until 1415.  He was joint founder of the University of Rostock in 1419, jointly with his first cousin Johann IV Herzog von Mecklenburg[519]Betrothed (1423) to MARGARETA von Brandenburg, daughter of FRIEDRICH I Elector of Brandenburg & his wife Elisabeth von Bayern-Landshut ([1410]-Landshut 27 Jul 1465, bur Kloster Seligenthal). 

4.         ANNA von Mecklenburg (-1415 after 26 Jan).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Alberti regis Swecie sororem…Annam" as wife of "comes Iohannes…filium comitem Adolphum", commenting that she was sterile[520]m (contract Travemünde 20 Jun 1362, [4 Dec 1362/21 Sep 1365]) ADOLF IX Graf von Holstein, son of JOHANN III Graf von Holstein in Plön & his second wife Mirizlawa von Wittenberg (-26 Jan 1390, bur Hamburg Cathedral).

5.         MAGNUS von Mecklenburg (-2/15 Apr 1385).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Albertus” had “tres filios: Hinricum, Albertum et Magnum[521].  He succeeded his father in 1379 as MAGNUS I joint Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin

-        see below

 

 

MAGNUS von Mecklenburg, son of ALBRECHT II "der Große" Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Eufemia Eriksdatter of Sweden (-2/15 Apr 1385).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Albertus” had “tres filios: Hinricum, Albertum et Magnum[522].  He succeeded his father in 1379 as MAGNUS I joint Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin

m (contract Drücke bei Damgarten 5 Jul 1362, 7 Jul 1369) ELISABETH von Pommern, daughter of BARNIM IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast und Rügen & his wife Sophie von Werle-Güstrow [Mecklenburg] (-[5 Sep 1388/4 Jan 1398]). 

Herzog Magnus I & his wife had two children: 

1.         JOHANN von Mecklenburg (-Schwerin 16 Oct 1422, bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “unum filium dominum Johannem et unicam filiam Eufemiam” as the children of Duke Magnus[523].  He succeeded his father in 1385 as JOHANN IV joint Herzog von Mecklenburg, minor until 1388.  He was joint founder of the University of Rostock in 1419, jointly with his first cousin Albrecht V Herzog von Mecklenburg[524].  He claimed the throne of Sweden in 1422[525]m firstly (contract Boizenburg 15 Dec 1398, Schwerin 28 Feb 1400) JUTTA von Hoya, daughter of OTTO II Graf von Hoya & his wife --- (-7 Oct 1415, bur Schwerin).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 12 Aug 1417) as her second husband, KATHARINA von Sachsen-Lauenburg, widow of JOHANN [VII] Herr zu Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg], daughter of ERICH IV Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Sophie von Braunschweig (-after 18 Nov 1448).  Herzog Johann IV & his first wife had [three or more] children:

a)         MAGNUS von Mecklenburg (-after 27 Dec 1408). 

b)         daughters (-young). 

Herzog Johann IV & his second wife had two children:

c)         HEINRICH "pinguis" von Mecklenburg (-9 Mar 1477, bur Stargard).  He succeeded in 1423 as HEINRICH IV "der Fette" Herzog von Mecklenburg, minor until 1436. 

-        see below

d)         JOHANN von Mecklenburg (-[1 Nov 1442/13 Jan 1443]).  He succeeded in 1423 as JOHANN V Herzog von Mecklenburg, minor until 1436.  m (Papal dispensation 3o Basel 25 Sep 1435, 17 Sep 1436) ANNA von Pommern, daughter of KASIMIR Duke of Pomerania in Stettin & his first wife Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (before 1421-[14 May 1447/21 Nov 1459]).

2.         EUFEMIA von Mecklenburg (-1416, bur Güstrow Cathedral).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “unum filium dominum Johannem et unicam filiam Eufemiam” as the children of Duke Magnus, adding that Eufemia married “domino Balthazar domino de Werle[526]m ([15 Jan/18 Oct] 1397) as his first wife, BALTHASAR Herr von Werle zu Güstrow, son of LORENZ Herr von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Mechtild von Werle [Mecklenburg] (-5 Apr 1421).  Fürst von Wenden 1418. 

 

 

HEINRICH von Mecklenburg, son of JOHANN IV Herzog von Mecklenburg & his second wife Katharina von Sachsen-Lauenburg (-9 Mar 1477, bur Stargard).  He succeeded in 1423 as HEINRICH IV "der Fette" Herzog von Mecklenburg, minor until 1436.  In Wenden 1436.  In Stargard 1471. 

m (1432) DOROTHEA von Brandenburg, daughter of FRIEDRICH I Elector of Brandenburg [Hohenzollern] & his wife Elisabeth von Bayern-Landshut (Berlin 9 Feb 1420-Kloster Rehna 19 Jan 1491, bur Gadebusch).  She became a nun at Rehna in 1485. 

Herzog Heinrich IV & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ALBRECHT [VI] von Mecklenburg (1438-18 Feb 1483, bur Güstrow Cathedral).  He succeeded his father in 1477 as ALBRECHT [VI] joint Herzog von Mecklenburg.  In Wenden 1480.  m ([15 Oct 1466/17 Apr 1468]) MARGARETA von Lindau-Ruppin, daughter of ALBRECHT [III] Graf von Lindau-Ruppin (-1485 before 10 Sep).

2.         JOHANN von Mecklenburg (-after 20 May 1474). 

3.         MAGNUS von Mecklenburg (1 Jan 1441-20 Nov 1503, bur Doberan).  He succeeded his father in 1477 as MAGNUS II joint Herzog von Mecklenburg.  He died of leprosy[527]m (Anklam 31 May 1478) SOPHIE von Pommern, daughter of ERICH II Duke of Pomerania in Stettin & his wife Sophie von Pommern (-Wismar 26 Apr or 26 May 1504, bur Wismar Dominican Church). 

-        HERZOGEN von MECKLENBURG

4.         KATHARINA von Mecklenburg (1442-[1451/52]).  Nun at Rehna. 

5.         ANNA von Mecklenburg (1447-7 Sep 1464, bur Doberan).

6.         ELISABETH von Mecklenburg (16/18 Sep 1449-20 Jun 1506, bur Ribnitz).  Nun at Ribnitz 1454, abbess 1467, resigned 1492.

7.         BALTHASAR von Mecklenburg (1451-Wismar 16 Mar 1507, bur Doberan)Administrator postulate of Hildesheim 1471/1474, and of Schwerin 1473/1479, resigned.  He succeeded in 1480 as BALTHASAR joint Herzog von Mecklenburgm (13 Jan 1482) MARGARETA von Pommern, daughter of ERICH II Duke of Pomerania in Stettin & his wife Sophie von Pommern (-27 Mar 1526, bur Wismar Dominican Church). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    HERZOGEN von MECKLENBURG-STARGARD 1377-1471

 

 

JOHANN [I] von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH II "dem Löwen" Fürst von Mecklenburg & his second wife Anna von Sachsen-Wittenberg (-[1393 after 28 Mar], bur Strelitz).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “Hinricus...dominus Magnopolensis, sed et Stargardensis et Rozstokcensis” had “duos filios...dominum Albertum et dominum Johannem” who were invested as dukes in Prague in 1348[528].  Minor until 1344.  He was created Herzog von Mecklenburg und Fürst by Imperial Order at Prague 8 Jul 1348.  Herr in Stargard, Sternberg und Eldenburg 1352. 

m firstly RIXA, daughter of --- (-before 1346). 

m secondly ([1346]) ANNA von Holstein, daughter of ADOLF VII Graf von Holstein in Schaumburg und Pinneberg & his second wife Heilwig zur Lippe (-3 Jan 1358). 

m thirdly (before 10 Dec 1361) as her second husband, AGNES von Lindau-Ruppin, widow of NIKOLAUS [IV] Herr zu Werle zu Goldberg [Mecklenburg], daughter of ULRICH II Graf von Lindau-Ruppin (-after 13 Apr 1367). 

Herzog Johann [I] & his second wife had one child:

1.         ANNA von Mecklenburg (-after 14 Mar 1399)m (Neubrandenburg 4 Apr 1363) WRATISLAW VI Duke of Pomerania, son of BARNIM IV Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast und Rügen & his wife Sophie von Werle-Güstrow [Mecklenburg] ([1346/49]-13 Jun 1394 bur Eldena Kloster). 

Herzog Johann [I] & his third wife had five children:

2.         JOHANN von Mecklenburg (-[6 Jul/9 Oct] 1416, bur Sternberg).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Johannes dux Magnopolensis et Stargardensis, frater domini Alberti” had “quatuor filios...Johannem, Ulricum, Rodolphum et Albertum[529].  He succeeded in his father 1392 as JOHANN II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard.  In Sternberg, Friedland, Fürstenberg und Lychen [1408].  m (1388) WILHEIDA KATARZYNA of Lithuania, daughter of ALGIRDAS [Olgierd] Grand Duke of Lithuania & his second wife Iuliana Aleksandrovna of Tver [Rurikid] (-after 4 Apr 1422).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Johannes dux Magnopolensis et Stargardensis, frater domini Alberti” had “quatuor filios...Johannem, Ulricum, Rodolphum et Albertum”, adding that Johann married “sororem Sthirgheyl Lythvanie atque Yaghel Cracouie regum[530].  Herzog Johann II & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHANN von Mecklenburg ([1389]-31 Dec 1438, bur Sternberg).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “filium...Johannes et duas filias” as the children of Johann and his wife “sororem Sthirgheyl Lythvanie atque Yaghel Cracouie regum[531].  He succeeded as JOHANN III Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargardm (14 Oct 1430) LUTRUD von Anhalt-Köthen, daughter of ALBRECHT IV von Anhalt Herr zu Köthen & his first wife Elisabeth von Mansfeld (-[4 Jun 1465/11 Jun 1474]). 

b)         HEDWIG von Mecklenburg (1390-23 Sep 1467).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “filium...Johannes et duas filias” as the children of Johann and his wife “sororem Sthirgheyl Lythvanie atque Yaghel Cracouie regum”, adding that the older daughter was a nun “in monasterio in Ribbenitze ordinis sancte Clare[532].  Nun at Ribnitz 1397, Abbess 1427, resigned.

c)         AGNES von Mecklenburg (-before 1467).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie names “filium...Johannes et duas filias” as the children of Johann and his wife “sororem Sthirgheyl Lythvanie atque Yaghel Cracouie regum[533]m OTTO II Duke of Pomerania in Stettin, son of SWANTIBOR I Duke of Pomerania in Stettin & his wife Anna von Nürnberg [Hohenzollern] ([1380]-27 Mar 1428).

3.         RUDOLF von Mecklenburg (-[28 Jul/27 Dec] 1415, bur Doberan).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Johannes dux Magnopolensis et Stargardensis, frater domini Alberti” had “quatuor filios...Johannem, Ulricum, Rodolphum et Albertum”, of whom Rudolf was “episcopus Scharensis in Gothia” and later transferred “in episcopum Zwerinensem[534].  Bishop of Skara 1386/1390.  Bishop of Schwerin 1391, deposed 1397.

4.         ULRICH von Mecklenburg (-8 Apr 1417, bur [Wanzka]).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Johannes dux Magnopolensis et Stargardensis, frater domini Alberti” had “quatuor filios...Johannem, Ulricum, Rodolphum et Albertum[535].  He succeeded in 1391 as ULRICH I Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard

-        see below

5.         ALBRECHT [I] von Mecklenburg (-Dorpat [20 Feb/15 Jul] 1397, bur Dorpat).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Johannes dux Magnopolensis et Stargardensis, frater domini Alberti” had “quatuor filios...Johannem, Ulricum, Rodolphum et Albertum[536].  Canon at Schwerin Cathedral 1393.  Coadjutor at Dorpat 1396. 

6.         KONSTANZE von Mecklenburg (1373-20 Sep 1408).  Nun at Ribnitz.  She died of plague[537]

 

 

ULRICH von Mecklenburg, son of JOHANN II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard & his third wife Agnes von Lindau-Ruppin (-8 Apr 1417, bur [Wanzka]).  The late 14th century Doberaner Genealogie records that “dominus Johannes dux Magnopolensis et Stargardensis, frater domini Alberti” had “quatuor filios...Johannem, Ulricum, Rodolphum et Albertum[538].  He succeeded in 1391 as ULRICH I Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargard.  From [1408] in Neubrandenburg, Stargard, Strelitz und Wesenberg. 

m firstly ANNA, daughter of ---.  1397. 

m secondly MARGARETA von Pommern, daughter of SWANTIBOR I Duke of Pomerania in Stettin & his wife Anna von Nürnberg [Hohenzollern] (-[1450]).

Herzog Ulrich I & his [first] wife had one child:

1.         ANNA von Mecklenburg (-after 13 Jul 1424).  Abbess of Wanzka 1417.

Herzog Ulrich I & his second wife had two children:

2.         ALBRECHT [II] von Mecklenburg (-[11 Feb 1421/4 Oct 1423]).

3.         HEINRICH von Mecklenburg (-[26 May/20 Aug] 1466, bur Wanzka).  He succeeded in 1417 as HEINRICH Herzog von Mecklenburg in Neubrandenburg.  Co-heir of Wenden 1436.  From 1439 in Strelitz, Friedland, Fürstenberg und Lychen.  m firstly JUTTA von Werle, daughter of JOHANN [VI] Fürst von Werle zu Waren [Mecklenburg] & his wife Agnes von Werle-Parchim [Mecklenburg] (-before 1427).  m secondly (before 1428) INGEBORG von Pommern, daughter of BOGISLAW VIII Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern & his wife Sophie von Holstein (-before 16 Jun 1450).  m thirdly (contract Dömitz 4 Sep 1452) MARGARETE von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of FRIEDRICH "der Fromme" Herzog von Braunschweig in Lüneburg & his wife Magdalena von Brandenburg (-Wienhausen 8 Apr 1512, bur Wienhausen).  Heinrich & his second wife had two children:

a)         ULRICH [II] von Mecklenburg ([1428]-13 Jul 1471, bur Wanzka).  He succeeded as ULRICH II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Stargardm ([28 Feb/15 Sep] 1454) KATHARINA von Werle, daughter of WILHELM Fürst von Wenden Herr von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Anna von Anhalt (-[21 Jul 1475/13 Jan 1480]).  Herzog Ulrich [II] & his wife had two children

i)          INGEBORG von Mecklenburg (-8 Apr 1509, bur Marienwolde)m (contract [7 Jun/14 Sep] 1489, 10 May 1490) EVERWIN [II] Graf von Bentheim (-13 Dec 1530).

ii)         ELISABETH von Mecklenburg (-1532 before 9 Dec).  Prioress of Rehna.

b)         MARGARETA von Mecklenburg (-[Nov 1451/1452])m ([12/30] Nov 1451) as his first wife, ERICH II Duke of Pomerania in Wolgast, son of WARTISLAW IX Duke of Pomerania & his wife Sophie von Sachsen-Lauenburg ([1418/25]-Wolgast 5 Jul 1474).

Heinrich & his third wife had two children:

c)         MAGDALENE von Mecklenburg (-2 Apr 1532, bur Barby St Johannis)m firstly (Schwerin 28 Nov 1475) as his second wife, WARTISLAW X Duke of Pomerania in Rügen, son of WARTISLAW IX Duke of Pomerania & his wife Sophie von Sachsen-Lauenburg (-17 Dec 1478).  m secondly (contract 14 Jul 1482) BURKARD Graf zu Mühlingen und Herr zu Barby (-3 Nov 1505, bur Barby St Johannis).

d)         ANNA von Mecklenburg (-7 Jan 1498).  Nun at Ribnitz 1475.

 

 

 



[1] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 2, MGH SS XXI, p. 13. 

[2] Einhardi Annales 22, MGH SS I, p. 209. 

[3] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 6, MGH SS XXI, p. 16. 

[4] Fuhrmann, H., trans. Reuter, T. (1995) Germany in the high middle ages c.1050-1200 (Cambridge University Press), p. 66. 

[5] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 12, MGH SS XXI, p. 19. 

[6] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 36, MGH SS XXI, p. 39. 

[7] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 87, MGH SS XXI, p. 80. 

[8] Annales Laurissenses Continuatio usque ad a. 829 Auctore Einhardo 789, MGH SS I, p. 174. 

[9] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 795, MGH SS I, p. 351. 

[10] Annales Laurissenses Continuatio usque ad a. 829 Auctore Einhardo 795, MGH SS I, p. 180. 

[11] Annales Laurissenses Continuatio usque ad a. 829 Auctore Einhardo 798, MGH SS I, p. 184. 

[12] Einhardi Annales 808, MGH SS I, p. 195. 

[13] Einhardi Annales 809, MGH SS I, p. 196. 

[14] Annales Fuldenses 809, MGH SS I, p. 354. 

[15] Einhardi Annales 819, MGH SS I, p. 205. 

[16] Annales Fuldenses 819, MGH SS I, p. 357. 

[17] Einhardi Annales 817, MGH SS I, p. 204. 

[18] Einhardi Annales 821, MGH SS I, p. 208. 

[19] Einhardi Annales 819, MGH SS I, p. 205. 

[20] Annales Fuldenses 817 and 819, MGH SS I, pp. 356 and 357. 

[21] Annales Fuldensium Pars Secunda, auctore Euodolfo 844, MGH SS I, p. 364. 

[22] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 862, MGH SS I, p. 374. 

[23] Annales Fuldensium Pars Secunda, auctore Euodolfo 862, MGH SS I, p. 374. 

[24] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 13, MGH SS XXI, p. 20. 

[25] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 13, MGH SS XXI, p. 20. 

[26] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 14, MGH SS XXI, p. 21. 

[27] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 15, MGH SS XXI, p. 22. 

[28] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 13, MGH SS XXI, p. 20. 

[29] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 15, MGH SS XXI, p. 22. 

[30] Einhardi Annales 806, MGH SS I, p. 193. 

[31] Annales Fuldenses 806, MGH SS I, p. 353. 

[32] Annales Fuldensium Pars Secunda, auctore Euodolfo 858, MGH SS I, p. 372. 

[33] Annales Fuldenses 809, MGH SS I, p. 354. 

[34] Annales Fuldenses 810, MGH SS I, p. 355. 

[35] Einhardi Annales 823, MGH SS I, p. 210. 

[36] Einhardi Annales 823, MGH SS I, p. 210. 

[37] Einhardi Annales 823, MGH SS I, p. 210. 

[38] Laing, S. (trans.) (1907) Snorri Sturluson, Heimskringla: A History of the Norse Kings Snorre (Norroena Society, London), King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 38, available at Online Medieval and Classical Library Release 15b, <http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/OMACL/Heimskringla/> (24 Jan 2003). 

[39] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part III, 99 and 100. 

[40] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.34, MGH SS VII, p. 318. 

[41] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.39, MGH SS VII, p. 320. 

[42] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 22. 

[43] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 30. 

[44] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 1, which states that his father died in 963. 

[45] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 22. 

[46] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 38. 

[47] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 22. 

[48] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 38.  

[49] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part III, 98. 

[50] Forester, T. (trans.) (1854) The Chronicles of Florence of Worcester with two continuations (London), 1044, p. 146. 

[51] Garmonsway, G. N. (trans) (1972) The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (Dent), D 1045. 

[52] Anglo-Saxon Chronicle C, 1030.

[53] Florence of Worcester 1029, p. 136. 

[54] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.40, MGH SS VII, p. 320. 

[55] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 16, MGH SS XXI, p. 23. 

[56] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.64, MGH SS VII, p. 328. 

[57] Runic Stone at Sönder Vissing, Denmark, information supplied by Jan Hedbor of Uppsala, in a private email to the author dated 4 May 2008. 

[58] ES II 97. 

[59] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.40, MGH SS VII, p. 320. 

[60] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.69, MGH SS VII, p. 331. 

[61] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.69, MGH SS VII, p. 331. 

[62] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.69, MGH SS VII, p. 331. 

[63] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.75, MGH SS VII, p. 333. 

[64] Christiansen, E. (1980) Saxo Grammaticus, Danorum Regum Heroumque Historia, Books X-XVI (B. A. R. International Series 84) (“Saxo (Christiansen)”), 10, XVII, p. 36. 

[65] Saxo (Christiansen), 10, XVII, p. 35. 

[66] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.64, MGH SS VII, p. 328. 

[67] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum III.17, MGH SS VII, p. 342. 

[68] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), p. 16. 

[69] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum III.45, MGH SS VII, p. 353. 

[70] Saxo (Christiansen), p. 295 footnote 10. 

[71] Jordan (1986), p. 16. 

[72] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum III.50, MGH SS VII, p. 355. 

[73] Jordan (1986), p. 16. 

[74] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 16, MGH SS XXI, p. 23. 

[75] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 26, MGH SS XXI, p. 31. 

[76] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum III.50, MGH SS VII, p. 355. 

[77] Helmold Cronica Slavorum, ch. 42, cited in Saxo (Christiansen), p. 295 footnote 10. 

[78] Saxo (Christiansen), 13, II, pp. 110-14, and III, p. 116. 

[79] Jordan (1986), p. 17. 

[80] Jordan (1986), pp. 16-17. 

[81] Meklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I 786-1250 (Schwerin, 1863) (“Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch”), 29, p. 27. 

[82] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 34, MGH SS XXI, p. 37. 

[83] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 37, MGH SS XXI, p. 40. 

[84] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 38, MGH SS XXI, p. 40. 

[85] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 46, MGH SS XXI, p. 47. 

[86] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 48, MGH SS XXI, p. 49. 

[87] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 48 and 49, MGH SS XXI, p. 49. 

[88] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 46, MGH SS XXI, p. 47. 

[89] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 48, MGH SS XXI, p. 49. 

[90] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 49, MGH SS XXI, p. 50. 

[91] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 52, MGH SS XXI, p. 52. 

[92] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 55, MGH SS XXI, p. 54. 

[93] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 83, MGH SS XXI, p. 76. 

[94] Henry of Antwerp Tractatus de captione urbis Brandenburg (MGH SS xxv), cited in Saxo (Christiansen), p. 300 footnote 30. 

[95] Annales Palidenses 13 1150, MGH SS XVI, p. 85. 

[96] Cronicæ Principum Saxoniæ , MGH SS XXV, p. 480. 

[97] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[98] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 25, MGH SS XXI, p. 29. 

[99] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 26, MGH SS XXI, p. 31. 

[100] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 34, MGH SS XXI, p. 37. 

[101] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 34, MGH SS XXI, p. 37. 

[102] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 55, MGH SS XXI, p. 54. 

[103] ES I.3 302. 

[104] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 49, MGH SS XXI, p. 50. 

[105] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 52, MGH SS XXI, p. 52. 

[106] Christiansen, E. (1997) The Northern Crusades, 2nd Ed, Penguin Books, p. 54. 

[107] Jordan (1986), p. 32. 

[108] Jordan (1986), p. 33. 

[109] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 87, MGH SS XXI, p. 80. 

[110] Annales Magdeburgenses, 1160, MGH SS XVI, p. 191. 

[111] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 87 and 90, MGH SS XXI, pp. 80 and 84. 

[112] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 87 and 90, MGH SS XXI, pp. 80 and 84. 

[113] Jordan (1986), p. 80. 

[114] Jordan (1986), p. 81. 

[115] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum II, 2 and 4, MGH SS XXI, pp. 88 and 90. 

[116] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum III, 4, MGH SS XXI, p. 146. 

[117] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum III, 4, MGH SS XXI, p. 146. 

[118] Jordan (1986), p. 177. 

[119] Jordan (1986), p. 186. 

[120] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 147, p. 142. 

[121] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 166, p. 163. 

[122] Holder, A. (1886) Saxonis Grammatici Gesta Danorum (Strasbourg) (“Saxo (Holder)”), XIV, p. 520. 

[123] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd the Crusader and his brothers Eystein and Olaf, 21. 

[124] Saxo (Holder), XIV, pp. 520-1. 

[125] Saxo (Holder), XIV, p. 606. 

[126] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 137, p. 132. 

[127] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 139, p. 128. 

[128] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 92, MGH SS XXI, p. 90. 

[129] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 87 and 90, MGH SS XXI, pp. 80 and 84. 

[130] Jordan (1986), p. 74. 

[131] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 92, MGH SS XXI, p. 90. 

[132] Christiansen (1997), p. 61. 

[133] Lisch, G. C. F. ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’, Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Band 11 (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 10. 

[134] Jordan (1986), p. 80. 

[135] Jordan (1986), p. 81. 

[136] Jordan (1986), p. 81. 

[137] Christiansen (1997), p. 70, and ES I.3 302. 

[138] Jordan (1986), p. 85. 

[139] Jordan (1986), p. 82. 

[140] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 122, p. 118. 

[141] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 126, p. 123. 

[142] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 127, p. 123. 

[143] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 260, p. 247. 

[144] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 105, p. 103. 

[145] ES III 1. 

[146] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 127, p. 123. 

[147] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum III, 4, MGH SS XXI, p. 146. 

[148] Jordan (1986), p. 186. 

[149] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 152, p. 150. 

[150] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 192, p. 184. 

[151] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 234, p. 220. 

[152] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 239, p. 225. 

[153] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 254, p. 238. 

[154] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 282, p. 264. 

[155] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 299, p. 285. 

[156] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 315, p. 302. 

[157] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 323, p. 315. 

[158] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 331, p. 323. 

[159] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 336, p. 327. 

[160] Lisch, G. C. F. ‘Nekrologium der ältesten Fürsten Mecklenburgs aus dem Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’, Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Band 1 (1836), p. 136. 

[161] Annales Stadenses 1164, MGH SS XVI, p. 345. 

[162] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum III, 4, MGH SS XXI, p. 146. 

[163] Jordan (1986), pp. 81-2. 

[164] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 299, p. 285. 

[165] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 254, p. 238. 

[166] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 282, p. 264. 

[167] Annales Stadenses 1164, MGH SS XVI, p. 345.  

[168] Annales Stadenses 1164, MGH SS XVI, p. 345.  

[169] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VI, p. 449. 

[170] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 234, p. 220. 

[171] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 239, p. 225. 

[172] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 254, p. 238. 

[173] Hasselbach, K., Kosegarten, J. (eds.) (1862) Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I (Greifswald), 133, p. 308. 

[174] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 258, p. 244. 

[175] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 282, p. 264. 

[176] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 315, p. 302. 

[177] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 316, p. 304. 

[178] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 284, p. 267. 

[179] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 521, p. 506. 

[180] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1038, p. 266. 

[181] Lisch, G. C. F. ‘Elisabeth von Wenden, Tochter des Fürsten Borwin I, Aebtissin des Klosters Wienhausen’, Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Band 25 (1860), pp. 13-19. 

[182] Annales Stadenses 1164, MGH SS XVI, p. 345.  

[183] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VI, p. 449. 

[184] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 234, p. 220. 

[185] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 239, p. 225. 

[186] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 254, p. 238. 

[187] Codex Pomeraniæ Diplomaticus, Band I, 133, p. 308. 

[188] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 258, p. 244. 

[189] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 282, p. 264. 

[190] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 315, p. 302. 

[191] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 323, p. 315. 

[192] Annales Stadenses 1226, MGH SS XVI, p. 359.  

[193] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 324, p. 317. 

[194] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 331, p. 323. 

[195] MacEwen, A. B. W. ‘A Far-Fetched Alliance: the Marriage of Borwin of Rostock and Cristina of Scotland, Foundations, Vol. 7 (June 2015), pp. 3-24. 

[196] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 396, p. 401. 

[197] Theiner, A. (1864) Vetera Monumenta Hibernorum et Scotorum Historia Illustrantia (Rome), CXXXV, p. 50. 

[198] Annales Stadenses 1226, MGH SS XVI, p. 359.  

[199] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 321, p. 314. 

[200] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 323, p. 315. 

[201] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, I, p. 362. 

[202] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 343, p. 333. 

[203] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 385, p. 392. 

[204] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 396, p. 401. 

[205] Heinemann, O. van (ed.) (1875) Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus (Dessau), Teil II, 114, p. 92. 

[206] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 716, p. 38. 

[207] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 742, p. 56. 

[208] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 791, p. 99. 

[209] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[210] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 791, p. 99. 

[211] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1123, p. 332. 

[212] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[213] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 742, p. 56. 

[214] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 791, p. 99. 

[215] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1088, p. 301. 

[216] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1121, p. 330. 

[217] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1123, p. 332. 

[218] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1382, p. 529. 

[219] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[220] Annales Lubicenses 1298, MGH SS XVI, p. 417. 

[221] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1294, p. 462. 

[222] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1353, p. 506. 

[223] Eccard, J. G. (1723) Corpus historicum medii ævi (Leipzig), Tome II, Hermanni Corneri Chronicon, col. 923. 

[224] Annales Polonorum I 1283, MGH SS XIX, p. 648, this being recorded at the end of the passage dealing with events of 1283. 

[225] Annales Lubicenses 1298, MGH SS XVI, p. 417. 

[226] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1353, p. 506. 

[227] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[228] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[229] Eccard (1723), Tome II, Hermanni Corneri Chronicon, col. 939. 

[230] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[231] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[232] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band VI, 4025, p. 387. 

[233] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[234] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 742, p. 56. 

[235] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 744, p. 58. 

[236] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1045, p. 271. 

[237] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[238] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1123, p. 332. 

[239] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[240] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 474. 

[241] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[242] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 744, p. 58. 

[243] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[244] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[245] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[246] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1088, p. 301. 

[247] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[248] Wigand, P. (1838) Archiv für Geschichte und Alterthumskunde Westphalens (Lemgo), Band VII, Diplomatische Beiträge zu einer Geschichte der Grafen von Arnsberg und Rietberg, LXXXIV, p. 174. 

[249] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[250] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1088, p. 301. 

[251] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 381, p. 388. 

[252] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1128, p. 336. 

[253] Annales Stadenses 1226, MGH SS XVI, p. 359.  

[254] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 321, p. 314. 

[255] Perlbach, M. (ed.) (1882) Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, Zweite Abteilung (Danzig) ("Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II"), II, 40, p. 34. 

[256] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 107, p. 90.  

[257] Annales Stadenses 1226, MGH SS XVI, p. 359.  

[258] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 321, p. 314. 

[259] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 323, p. 315. 

[260] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, I, p. 362. 

[261] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil II, 114, p. 92. 

[262] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 959, p. 209. 

[263] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1444, p. 574. 

[264] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 527, p. 511. 

[265] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 675, p. 7. 

[266] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 959, p. 209. 

[267] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 959, p. 209. 

[268] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1143, p. 344. 

[269] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1246, p. 426. 

[270] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1444, p. 574. 

[271] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[272] Wippermann, C. W. (1853) Regesta Schaumburgensia (Cassel), 183, p. 92. 

[273] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1676, p. 78. 

[274] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1676, p. 78. 

[275] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 14. 

[276] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1676, p. 78. 

[277] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1760, p. 149. 

[278] Annales Lubicenses 1300, MGH SS XVI, p. 417. 

[279] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 14. 

[280] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[281] Annales Lubicenses 1300 and 1302, MGH SS XVI, pp. 417 and 418. 

[282] Annales Lubicenses 1300, MGH SS XVI, p. 417. 

[283] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 14. 

[284] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band VI, 3877, p. 253. 

[285] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1676, p. 78. 

[286] Annales Stadenses 1226, MGH SS XVI, p. 359.  

[287] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 323, p. 315. 

[288] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 385, p. 392. 

[289] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, I, p. 362. 

[290] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil II, 114, p. 92. 

[291] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 476, p. 472. 

[292] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 927, p. 189. 

[293] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1180, p. 372. 

[294] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[295] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 927, p. 189. 

[296] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 14. 

[297] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1911, p. 266. 

[298] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 2002, p. 333. 

[299] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 2131, p. 432. 

[300] Lisch, G. C. F. ‘Ueber die letzten Nachkommen des Fürsten Pribislaw von Richenberg-Parchim’, Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Band 25 (1860), p. 87. 

[301] Wigger, F. ‘Stammtafeln des Großherzoglichen Hauses von Mecklenburg’, Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Band 50 (1885), p. 372, quoting “Stralsunder Chronik bei Lisch, Maltzan I, p. 240”. 

[302] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[303] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1160, p. 355. 

[304] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 2131, p. 432. 

[305] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 2002, p. 333. 

[306] Lisch ‘Fürsten Pribislaw’ (1860), p. 87. 

[307] Lisch ‘Fürsten Pribislaw’ (1860), p. 87. 

[308] Lisch ‘Fürsten Pribislaw’ (1860), p. 87. 

[309] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1180, p. 372. 

[310] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 2002, p. 333. 

[311] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 396, p. 401. 

[312] MacEwen ‘Cristina of Scotland’ (June 2015), p. 8. 

[313] Annales Lubicenses 1298, MGH SS XVI, p. 417. 

[314] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1353, p. 506. 

[315] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1354, p. 508. 

[316] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 14. 

[317] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band VI, 4252, p. 585. 

[318] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[319] Riedel, Dr. A. F. (1862) Novus Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Vierter Haupttheil, Band 1, (Berlin), Bruchstücke einer Brandenburgischen Chronik in Pulcawa's Böhmischer Chronik, p. 16. 

[320] Wigger ‘Mecklenburg’ (1885), p. 161, quoting Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Vol. VIII, no. 5016. 

[321] Eccard (1723), Tome II, Hermanni Corneri Chronicon, col. 978. 

[322] Wigger ‘Mecklenburg’ (1885), p. 161, quoting Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Vol. VIII, no. 5016. 

[323] Wigger ‘Mecklenburg’ (1885), p. 161, quoting Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Vol. VIII, no. 5016. 

[324] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band V, 3179, p. 351. 

[325] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band VI, 4252, p. 585. 

[326] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[327] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band VI, 4252, p. 585. 

[328] Fabricius, C. G. (ed.) (1858) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Fürstenthums Rügen (Berlin) ("Rügen Urkunden"), Band IV, Heft III, DCLVII, p. 86. 

[329] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[330] Jordan, p. 82. 

[331] Jordan, p. 85. 

[332] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 50, p. 40. 

[333] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 50, p. 40. 

[334] Helmoldi Chronica Slavorum I, 87, MGH SS XXI, p. 81. 

[335] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 115, p. 115. 

[336] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 117, p. 116. 

[337] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum II, 13, MGH SS XXI, p. 134. 

[338] Wigger, F. ‘Ueber die Stammtafeln der alten Grafen von Schwerin’, Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Band 34 (1869), p. 61. 

[339] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 241, p. 227. 

[340] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 875, p. 158. 

[341] Jordan (1986), p. 189. 

[342] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum V, 16, MGH SS XXI, p. 191. 

[343] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 241, p. 227. 

[344] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band IV, 2658, p. 194. 

[345] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 165, p. 163. 

[346] Regesta Diplomatica Danica 646, p. 89. 

[347] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 245, p. 230. 

[348] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 266, p. 250. 

[349] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 266, p. 250. 

[350] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 275. 

[351] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 117, p. 116. 

[352] Annales Stadenses 1228, MGH SS XVI, p. 360.  

[353] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 236, p. 221. 

[354] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 340, p. 331. 

[355] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 165, p. 163. 

[356] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 241, p. 227. 

[357] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 117, p. 116. 

[358] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 165, p. 163. 

[359] Cuba, Societatis Regiæ Scientiarum Danicæ (1847) Regesta Diplomatica Historiæ Danicæ, Tome I (Copenhagen), 646, p. 89. 

[360] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 245, p. 230. 

[361] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 22, p. 19. 

[362] Hasse, P. (ed.) (1886) Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden (Hamburg, Leipzig), Band I, 446, p. 203. 

[363] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 340, p. 331. 

[364] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 348, p. 337. 

[365] Annales Stadenses 1228, MGH SS XVI, p. 360.  

[366] ES II 121. 

[367] ES VIII 120. 

[368] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 797, p. 105. 

[369] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 242, p. 228. 

[370] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 22, p. 19. 

[371] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 340, p. 331. 

[372] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 348, p. 337. 

[373] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 451, p. 450. 

[374] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 533, p. 514. 

[375] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 582, p. 555. 

[376] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 586, p. 557. 

[377] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1128, p. 336. 

[378] Eccard (1723), Tome II, Hermanni Corneri Chronicon, col. 935. 

[379] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 340, p. 331. 

[380] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 348, p. 337. 

[381] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 505, p. 495. 

[382] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 672, p. 5. 

[383] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1246, p. 426. 

[384] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1298, p. 466. 

[385] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 381, p. 388. 

[386] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1128, p. 336. 

[387] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 672, p. 5. 

[388] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1128, p. 336. 

[389] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 672, p. 5. 

[390] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1298, p. 466. 

[391] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1345, p. 498. 

[392] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1406, p. 546. 

[393] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 2352, p. 599. 

[394] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 916, p. 180. 

[395] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1025, p. 255. 

[396] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band IV, 2525, p. 80. 

[397] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1089, p. 302. 

[398] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1299, p. 467. 

[399] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1933, p. 284. 

[400] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1988, p. 323. 

[401] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1299, p. 467. 

[402] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 2170, p. 462. 

[403] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band IV, 2525, p. 80. 

[404] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band IV, 2526, p. 82. 

[405] Wigger ‘Grafen von Schwerin’ (1869), p. 110. 

[406] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band IV, 2525, p. 80. 

[407] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band IV, 2526, p. 82. 

[408] Wigger ‘Grafen von Schwerin’ (1869), p. 111. 

[409] Wigger ‘Grafen von Schwerin’ (1869), p. 111. 

[410] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1293, p. 462. 

[411] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1345, p. 498. 

[412] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1406, p. 546. 

[413] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1114, p. 322. 

[414] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1345, p. 498. 

[415] Eccard (1723), Tome II, Hermanni Corneri Chronicon, col. 962. 

[416] Riedel, A. F. (ed.) (1838) Codex Diplomaticus Brandenburgensis, Theil I, Band I (Berlin), VIII, p. 246. 

[417] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1579, p. 13. 

[418] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1345, p. 498. 

[419] Wigger ‘Grafen von Schwerin’ (1869), p. 116. 

[420] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, 1750, p. 142. 

[421] Annales Lubicenses, 1317, MGH SS XVI, p. 426. 

[422] Fabricius, C. G. (ed.) (1858) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Fürstenthums Rügen (Berlin) ("Rügen Urkunden"), Band IV, CCCXCI, p. 64. 

[423] Annales Lubicenses 1306, MGH SS XVI, p. 420. 

[424] Wigger ‘Grafen von Schwerin’ (1869), p. 116. 

[425] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 340, p. 331. 

[426] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1128, p. 336. 

[427] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1128, p. 336. 

[428] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 451, p. 450. 

[429] Pommerellisches Urkundenbuch, II, 135, p. 117. 

[430] Annales Lubicenses, 1317, MGH SS XVI, p. 426. 

[431] Wigger ‘Grafen von Schwerin’ (1869), p. 116. 

[432] ES VIII 121. 

[433] Annales Stadenses 1226, MGH SS XVI, p. 359.  

[434] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 321, p. 314. 

[435] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 323, p. 315. 

[436] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I, 343, p. 333. 

[437] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 2, I, p. 362. 

[438] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil II, 114, p. 92. 

[439] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 995, p. 233. 

[440] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1246, p. 426. 

[441] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1285, p. 453. 

[442] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VII, p. 448. 

[443] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VI, p. 449. 

[444] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[445] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 476. 

[446] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil II, 114, p. 92. 

[447] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1437, p. 567. 

[448] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 476. 

[449] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, V, p. 447. 

[450] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1246, p. 426. 

[451] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1285, p. 453. 

[452] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VI, p. 448. 

[453] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1367, p. 518. 

[454] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1437, p. 567. 

[455] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[456] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritte Abteilung - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XL, p. 23. 

[457] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 476. 

[458] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[459] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[460] Chronica Principum Brunsvicensium 13, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 27. 

[461] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, V, p. 447. 

[462] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1285, p. 453. 

[463] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VI, p. 448. 

[464] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1437, p. 567. 

[465] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[466] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 476. 

[467] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VIII, p. 450. 

[468] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[469] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VIII, p. 450. 

[470] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritte Abteilung - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XL, p. 23. 

[471] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[472] ES I.3 305. 

[473] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[474] The date of her will, ES I.3 305. 

[475] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[476] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritte Abteilung - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XL, p. 23. 

[477] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[478] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VIII, p. 450. 

[479] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[480] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VIII, p. 450. 

[481] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[482] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VIII, p. 450. 

[483] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VIII, p. 450. 

[484] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritte Abteilung - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XL, p. 23. 

[485] Cronica Principum Saxonie , MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[486] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band II, 1285, p. 453. 

[487] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 1, VI, p. 448. 

[488] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[489] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 16. 

[490] Codex Brandenburgensis, Dritte Abteilung - Die Altmark, Band 22, XXIV Kloster Arendsee, XL, p. 23. 

[491] Lisch ‘Fenster im Kreuzgange des Klosters Doberan’ (1836), p. 136. 

[492] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[493] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[494] ES I.3 305. 

[495] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[496] ES I.3 301.  This date is probably incorrect as the first wife of Balthasar von Werle was still alive at the time. 

[497] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[498] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[499] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 18. 

[500] ES I.3 305. 

[501] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[502] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band VI, 4252, p. 585. 

[503] ES I.3 302. 

[504] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[505] ES I.3 303. 

[506] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[507] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 22, MGH SS XXI, p. 275. 

[508] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[509] ES I.3 303. 

[510] Brenner, S. O. Nachkommen Gorms des Alten I-XVI Generation (Dansk Historisk Haandbogsforlag, reprint 1978), p. 94. 

[511] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[512] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[513] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[514] ES I.3 303. 

[515] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[516] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[517] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[518] ES I.3 303. 

[519] ES I.3 303. 

[520] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 23, MGH SS XXI, p. 277. 

[521] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[522] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[523] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[524] ES I.3 303. 

[525] ES I.3 303. 

[526] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[527] ES I.3 303. 

[528] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 19. 

[529] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[530] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[531] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[532] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[533] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22.  

[534] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[535] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[536] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22. 

[537] ES I.3 304. 

[538] Lisch ‘Die doberaner Genealogie und die parchimsche Genealogie’ (1846), Doberaner Genealogie, p. 22.