MEISSEN

  v2.0 Updated 05 December 2010

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.            MARKGRAFEN [der SÄCHSISCHEN OSTMARK] 965-1030. 3

GERO [I] [939]-965. 4

HODO 965-993, THIETMAR [III] [970]-[979], GERO [II] 993-1015, THIETMAR [IV] 1015-1030, ODO 1030. 8

Chapter 2.            MARKGRAFEN [von MEISSEN] 979-1046. 13

RICDAG 979-985. 14

EKKEHARD I 985-1002, GUNZELIN 1002-1009, HERMANN 1009-1038, EKKEHARD II 1032-1046. 14

Chapter 3.            MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1047-1067 (GRAFEN von WEIMAR) 18

WILHELM 1047-1062, OTTO 1062-1067. 18

Chapter 4.               MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN (GRAFEN von BRAUNSCHWEIG) 19

EKBERT I 1067-1068, EKBERT II 1068-1088. 19

Chapter 5.            MARKGRAF von MEISSEN (GROITZSCH) 20

A.       ORIGINS.. 20

B.       MARKGRAF von MEISSEN 1123-1124, MARKGRAF der LAUSITZ 1131-1135 (GROITZSCH) 21

WIPRECHT 1123-1124. 21

C.      GRAFEN von GROITZSCH 1144-1210, MARKGRAFEN der LAUSITZ 1185-1210 (WETTIN) 24

Chapter 6.            MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1089-1428 (WETTIN) 28

A.       ORIGINS, GRAFEN von MERSEBURG, GRAFEN von WETTIN.. 29

B.       MARKGRAFEN der LAUSITZ 1046-1123, MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1089-1123 (WETTIN) 35

HEINRICH I 1089-1103, HEINRICH II 1104-1123. 35

C.      MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1123-1428, MARKGRAFEN der LAUSITZ 1136-1185, 1210-1288 (WETTIN) 38

KONRAD 1123-1156. 38

OTTO 1156-1190, ALBRECHT 1190-1221. 44

HEINRICH 1221-1288, FRIEDRICH TUTA 1289-1291. 48

ALBRECHT II 1288-1292, FRIEDRICH I 1292-1323. 52

FRIEDRICH II 1323-1349, FRIEDRICH III 1349-1381, FRIEDRICH IV 1381-1428. 55

D.      GRAFEN von BRENA.. 57

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Otto I King of Germany created the "eastern March" or Ostmark to protect the eastern territories of Saxony from attack by the emerging city states of Pomerania to the north-east and the Polanian state of the Piast dynasty to the east.  Gero, appointed Markgraf in 939, controlled the southern part of the new March area and was more aggressive in his territorial expansions than Hermann "Billung" (see the document SAXONY, DUKES & ELECTORS) who controlled the northern part[1].  The origins of Gero are uncertain.  His older brother Siegfried is recorded in 934 as count in territories around Gröningen, between Halberstadt and Magdeburg, to the east of Brunswick.  It is not known whether the family was native to that area, but their names are typical of Saxon origin.  In the mid-10th century, Gero and his family are recorded as counts over a wide area of northern Thuringia, charters recording numerous grants of land under their control to the newly founded church of Magdeburg. 

 

Towards the end of the 10th century, the Ostmark may have been further divided, between the "March of Meissen" and the "March of Lausitz" (located to the north of Meissen), although a continuous line of Markgrafen in the latter March can only be traced from 1046 (see Chapter 6.B).  No mention of these territorial epithets has been found in contemporary primary sources which name the successive individuals who held the title "Markgraf".  During the second half of the 10th century, it is unclear whether each Markgraf was appointed within the area with exclusive jurisdiction in a defined part of the territory or whether the title was an honorific granted to local nobles who used it in the area of their existing counties.  A loose network of overlapping March jurisdictions is suggested by the fact that several different individuals are recorded with the title Markgraf at the same time.  For example, Gero (who died in 965) and Christian are both recorded with the title during the mid-10th century.  After Gero died, four individuals are all recorded with the title at various times between the late 960s and the early 990s: Thietmar [III] (son of Markgraf Christian), Hodo (maybe Markgraf Christian's brother), Ricdag (apparently unrelated to the families of Gero and Christian), and Günther (possibly son of Graf Ekkehard).  All these individuals continue to be referred to as count of their named counties or within named pagi.  The first record of an apparent succession of the title Markgraf is found in the Annalista Saxo which states that Ekkehard, son of Günther, succeeded Ricdag as Markgraf in 985, although without any territorial attribution[2]

 

After the death in 1046 of Markgraf Ekkehard II, last known descendant in the male line of Markgraf Günther, the title was granted successively to members of the families of the Grafen von Weimar (see Chapter 3) and the Grafen von Braunschweig (see Chapter 4).  Markgraf Ekbert II was deposed as Markgraf in [1085/86] and his properties confiscated by Emperor Heinrich IV, who installed Heinrich of the family of the Grafen von Wettin as Markgraf.  A jurisdictional dispute over the eastern Marches between Emperor Heinrich V and Lothar von Süpplingenburg Duke  of Saxony (later Emperor Lothar) came to a head in 1123 after the death of the Wettin Markgraf Heinrich II.  The emperor appointed Wiprecht [II] Graf von Groitzsch as Markgraf in both Meissen and Lausitz (see Chapter 5), while the Saxon duke appointed Albrecht "der Bär" Graf von Ballenstedt as Markgraf in Lausitz and Konrad Graf von Wettin in Meissen.  The death of Graf Wiprecht (in 1124) and Emperor Heinrich (in 1125) resolved the matter in favour of the Wettin family, who continued to rule as Markgrafen in Meissen in an unbroken line until 1428, by which time the head of the family had been installed as Elector of Saxony (see Chapter 6). 

 

Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" created the duchy of Silesia in 1163 and the duchy of Pomerania in 1181, both within imperial territory.  This stabilisation of the empire's eastern borders reduced the need for "March" jurisdictions to defend borderland areas.  Meissen and, to the north, Brandenburg, evolved as stable principalities firmly within the empire, although the rulers of both territories continued to hold the title "Markgraf". 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    MARKGRAFEN [der SÄCHSISCHEN OSTMARK] 965-1030

 

 

GERO [I] [939]-965

 

THIETMAR [I], son of --- (-1 Jun 932)Markgraf.  Tutor of the future Heinrich I King of Germany[3].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 932 of "Thiommar com"[4]

m ---, daughter of ---.  Widukind records the mother of the first wife of Heinrich I King of Germany as matertera of "Sigifridi", son of Thietmar[5].  Jackman suggests that she was named Judith, quoting the Memorial book lists of Reichenau (two) and St Gallen (one) all of which name (in order) "…Gero, Iudita…", on the assumption that this refers to Gero's mother rather than his wife, although the latter would be more normal in such lists[6].  He also proposes a Konradiner origin, based it would seem only on onomastics, suggesting that she was the daughter of Konrad Graf in der Wetterau & his wife Glismut. 

Graf Thietmar & his wife had three children: 

1.         SIEGFRIED (-[3 Dec 936/941]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Heinricus…rex" granted land "in pago Sueuia…in comitatu Sigifridi…Groninga et Croppensteti et Emmundorp" to "Sigifrido…comiti nostro" by charter dated 25 Jun 934 at the request of "Heinrici…comitis nostri"[7].  He was appointed Procurator in Saxony by Otto I King of Germany in 936.  The Annalista Saxo records that "huius frater [Gero marchionis] Sigefridus" donated part of his property to construct Kloster Gröningen ["Gronigge"] an Bode[8]m firstly IRMINBURG, daughter of OTTO "der Erlauchte" Graf in Eichsfeld [Liudolfinger] & his wife Hedwig [Hathui] [Babenberg] (-before 936).  Europäische Stammtafeln[9] names Irminburg as daughter of Otto & his wife, and records her marriage, but the primary source which confirms this statement has not yet been identified.  m secondly GUTHIA, daughter of --- .  936.  Jackman quotes a Memorial book list of Reichenau which names (in order) "…Sigefrid, Guhtiu…"[10].  The Annalista Saxo records that, after her husband's death, the monastery "in loco qui dicitur Gronigge" was founded and she was appointed abbess[11]

2.         GERO [I] ([905/15][12]-18 or 20 May 965, bur Gernrode Stiftskirche).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Nordthüringgau 937.  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nordthuringia in comitatu Thietmari in Magedeburg…in comitatu Geronis in Bigera…in comitatu Crhistiani in Grimhereslebu" for the foundation of Magdeburg by charter dated 21 Sep 937[13]Markgraf 939.  Graf im Schwabengau and Markgraf [der sächsischen Ostmark] 941.  "Otto…rex" granted property "trans Salam fluvium in comitatu Thietmari…in pago lingua Sclavorum Zitice…villæ Tribunice" to "noster…marchio Gero" by charter dated 4 May 945[14].  Graf der Magdenburger Mark 946: "Otto…rex" donated property "in pago Nordthuringa in comitatu Geronis" to the Moritzkirche Magdeburg by charter dated 29 Jul 946[15]Dux et marchio 946: "Otto…rex" founded the bishopric of Havelberg "in castro Havelberg in marchio illius…in provincia Nieletitzi" at the request of "Geronis…ducis et marchionis nostri" by charter dated 9 May 946[16].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Suaua in comitatu prædicti marchionis" to Kloster Frohser at the request of "fratris nostri Brunonis…marchionis nostri Geronis" by charter dated 6 Dec 950[17].  "Otto…rex" confirmed a grant of property "in pago Serimunt in comitatu Thietmari comitis" to "marchionis Gero" by "filio nostro Liudolfo" by charter dated 28 Jul 951[18].  "Otto…rex" granted property "Hebesheim in pago Derlingum in comitatu Brunonis" to Moritzkirche, Magdeburg by undated charter, but dated to [951/57] as it names "coniugis nostræ Aelheidis…filii nostri Liudolfi", in the presence of "eiusdem Brunonis comitis filiique Liudolfi, Geronis marchionis, Cristiani comitis nec non Liutharii et Friderici comitum" [19].  Gero obliged Mieszko I Prince of Poland to pay tribute to Emperor Otto I in 963[20].  He founded Kloster Frose.  Thietmar records that, after the death of his son Siegfried, Gero made a pilgrimage to Rome, "commended himself and all his property to God", and founded a convent "in a forest bearing his name"[21], the foundation of Kloster Gernrode being confirmed by diplomas of Emperors Otto I and Otto II in 961[22].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the foundation of Kloster Gernrode by "Gero marchio" for the souls of "filiique nostri…Sigifredo Geroneque" by charter dated 17 Jul 961[23].  "Gero…marchio" confirmed the foundation of Gernrode, after the deaths of "filiorum meorum Sigiffridi et Geronis", by charter dated 963[24].  "Marchio Gero" donated property to Gernrode, where "Hadwigis filia mea" was abbess, by charter dated 964[25].  The death of "Gero marchionum" is recorded in the Annalista Saxo[26].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "965 XIV Kal Iun" of "Gero com"[27].  Thietmar records the death of Gero on 20 May[28]m ---.  The name of Gero's wife is not known.  Jackman quotes the Memorial book lists of Reichenau (two) and St Gallen (one) all of which name (in order) "…Gero, Iudita…".  He suggests that this refers to Gero's mother and that Gero's wife was "Thietsuuind" who is named subsequently (in different places) in all three lists[29].  Markgraf Gero & his wife had three children: 

a)         SIEGFRIED ([936/40]-25 Jun [959]).  "Otto…rex" gave property "in comitatu patris eius in pago Sueuon…in villis Osteregulun et Uuesteregulun" to "marchionis nostri Geronis ceterorumque comitum nostri eiusdem Geronis filio, nostro autem spiritali filiolo, Sigifrido" by charter dated 7 Jun 941[30].  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that Otto I King of Germany became Siegfried's godfather after his accession in 936, and of course before the charter dated 941 in which the relationship is mentioned. Thietmar records the death of Siegfried "only son" of Gero[31].  The Annalista Saxo records "unici filii sui [Gero marchionum] Sigefridi" having "laid down his arms" at Rome, leaving his inheritance to found a monastery in his name, arranging his wife's appointment as abbess and dying "XIII Kal Iun"[32].  "Gero…marchio" confirmed the foundation of Gernrode, after the deaths of "filiorum meorum Sigiffridi et Geronis", by charter dated 963[33]m ([952]) HEDWIG [Hathui], daughter of [Graf WICHMANN [II] [Billung] & his wife Frederuna ---] (939-9 Jul 1014, bur Quedlinburg Klosterkirche).  Thietmar names "Hathui…niece of Queen Mathilde", records her marriage to "Siegfried son of Markgraf Gero" when aged 13, and that she became a nun after her husband's death[34].  There is no proof that she was the daughter of Wichmann [II] but the latter's wife is the most likely of the sisters of Queen Mathilde who could have been Hedwig's mother.  It should also be noted that Thietmar records the death of "my cousin Mathilde" on 28 Apr 1014, noting that "she had long resided at Gernrode with Abbess Hathui to whom she was related by blood"[35].  If Hathui was the daughter of Wichmann [II], she would have been the first cousin of Mathilde's supposed father Duke Bernhard.  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Hetwigam" as widow of "Gero filium unicum Sifridum"[36] but gives no indication about her origin.  Abbess of Vreden. 

b)         GERO (-16 Oct before 959).  "Otto…rex" confirmed the foundation of Kloster Gernrode by "Gero marchio" for the souls of "filiique nostri…Sigifredo Geroneque" by charter dated 17 Jul 961[37].  "Gero…marchio" confirmed the foundation of Gernrode, after the deaths of "filiorum meorum Sigiffridi et Geronis", by charter dated 963[38]

c)         HEDWIG (-after 964).  "Marchio Gero" donated property to Gernrode, where "Hadwigis filia mea" was abbess, by charter dated 964[39].  Abbess of Gernrode. 

3.         HIDDA (-Jerusalem [945/75]).  "Soror eorum [Gero marchiorum et Sigefridus] Hidda nominee" is named in the Annalista Saxo, which records her death in Jerusalem and that she was the mother of "Thietmarum marchionem et Geronem Coloniensem archiepiscopum"[40].  Thietmar also records the death in Jerusalem of "Gero's holy mother Hidda", undated but in a passage which records the subsequent invasion of Jerusalem by the Saracens implying that this occurred immediately after her burial[41].  She founded Kloster Nienburg with her sons Thietmar and Gero after her husband died[42]m CHRISTIAN Graf im Nordthüringau und Schwabengau, Markgraf, son of --- (-after 945).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Cristiano marchione" as husband of "Hidda"[43]

 

 

It is not known how the following Graf Thietmar may have been related to the family set out above, if at all.  However, his being named in the same documents with Counts Gero and Christian suggests a close connection.  It is possible that he was another son of Graf Thietmar [I]. 

1.         THIETMAR [II] (-959).  "Otto…rex" granted property "monasterium…Vuinothahusun…in pago Harthagao in comitatu Thiadmari…[et] in pago Lainga in comitatu Liudgeri…quicquid hereditatis Adred mater Bardonis domino" to Kloster Quedlinburg by charter dated 13 Sep 936[44].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nordthuringia in comitatu Thietmari in Magedeburg…in comitatu Geronis in Bigera…in comitatu Crhistiani in Grimhereslebu" for the foundation of Magdeburg by charter dated 21 Sep 937[45].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in villa Turtlinge in comitatu predicti marchionis [Geronis] in pago Norththuringia" to "marchionis Geronis" in exchange for property "in villa Rodigeresrod in pago Suueuon in comitatu Thietmari comitis" by charter dated 29 Feb 944[46].  Jackman states that this Thietmar died in 959 but does not give his source[47]

 

 

HODO 965-993, THIETMAR [III] [970]-[979], GERO [II] 993-1015, THIETMAR [IV] 1015-1030, ODO 1030

 

CHRISTIAN, son of --- (-after 945, maybe 961).  "Gysalbertus dux rectorque S. Traiectenses ecclesie" donated property "Gulisam…in pago [Ardunensi] in comitatu Everhardi" to Trier by charter dated 928, subscribed by "Walgeri comitis, Thiedrici comitis, Cristiani comitis, Folcoldi comitis"[48]Markgraf.  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Cristiano marchione" as husband of "Hidda"[49].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Nordthuringia in comitatu Thietmari in Magedeburg…in comitatu Geronis in Bigera…in comitatu Crhistiani in Grimhereslebu" for the foundation of Magdeburg by charter dated 21 Sep 937, and other property "in pago Nordthuringa in comitatu Cristiani in Grimersleba" by charter dated 11 Oct 937[50].  Graf im Nordthüringau.  "Otto…rex" granted property in "pago Seromunti in comitatu eiusdem Cristani" to "nostro marchioni…Cristan" by charter dated 1 May 945[51].  "Otto…rex" donated property "inter Sclavos prope fluvium Fona…in pago Serimuntilante in comitatu Cristani comitis" to "nostri fidelis vassalli Fridurici filiis, Folcmaro…et Richberto" by charter dated 11 Jun 945[52].  "Otto…rex" granted property "Hebesheim in pago Derlingum in comitatu Brunonis" to Moritzkirche, Magdeburg by undated charter, but dated to [951/57] as it names "coniugis nostræ Aelheidis…filii nostri Liudolfi", in the presence of "eiusdem Brunonis comitis filiique Liudolfi, Geronis marchionis, Cristiani comitis nec non Liutharii et Friderici comitum" [53].  Thietmar records that "Count Christian" was buried at Magdeburg[54].  Part of the same passage refers to 961 but it is not possible from the context to conclude that Christian certainly died in that year. 

m HIDDA, daughter of Graf THIETMAR [I] & his wife --- (-Jerusalem [945/75]).  "Soror eorum [Gero marchiorum et Sigefridus] Hidda nominee" is named in the Annalista Saxo, which records her death in Jerusalem and that she was the mother of "Thietmarum marchionem et Geronem Coloniensem archiepiscopum"[55].  Thietmar also records the death in Jerusalem of "Gero's holy mother Hidda", undated but in a passage which records the subsequent invasion of Jerusalem by the Saracens implying that this occurred immediately after her burial[56].  She founded Kloster Nienburg with her sons Thietmar and Gero after her husband died[57]

Markgraf Christian & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         THIETMAR [III] ([925/30]-3 Aug after 979, bur Kloster Nienburg an der Saale).  The Annalista Saxo records "Thietmarum marchionem et Geronem Coloniensem archiepiscopum" as sons of "Soror eorum [Gero marchiorum et Sigefridus] Hidda nominee", and their joint construction of an abbey "in predio suo [Hidda] iuxta Salam fluvium"[58].  His birth date range is estimated from his first mention as count in 951.  Graf im Gau Serimunt 951: "Otto…rex" confirmed the donation by his son Liudolf of property "in pago Serimunt in comitatu Thetmari comitis" on the intervention of "marchionis Geronis" to the church of Magdeburg by charter dated 28 Jul 951[59].  Graf im Schwabengau 951/978.  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "in pago Derlingon in comitatu Thiatmari comitis" to Magdeburg St Moritz by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated mid-965[60].  "Otto…imperator augustus" gave property "in villa Drogobuli quæ Salam et Fonam fluvios interiacet in comitatu eiusdem comitis Thietmari" to "comiti nostro Thietmaro" by charter dated 29 Nov 965[61].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Hardegouue et in comitatu Thiatmari" to Magdeburg St Moritz by charter dated 23 Sep 967[62].  Graf der Mark Merseburg und der Mark Meissen [Ostmark] 976.  Markgraf.  The death and place of burial of "Thietmarus marchio frater Geronis Coloniensis archiepiscopi" is recorded in the Annalista Saxo[63].  The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "3 Aug" of "Thietmarus marchio"[64]m as her first husband, SCHWANEHILDE [Suanhild], daughter of HERMANN Billung Duke in Saxony & his [first/second] wife --- ([945/50]-26 Nov 1014, bur Kloster Jena, transferred 1028 to Naumburg Georgskirche).  The Annalista Saxo records "filiam Herimanni ducis nominee Suanehildam" as wife of "Thietmarus marchio frater Geronis Coloniens is archiepiscopi", and in another passage that "domna Suanehildis" was daughter of "Herimanni ducis de Liuniburh", naming her five brothers and two husbands[65].  Her birth date range is estimated on the basis of her sister being born in [942] and Schwanehilde herself giving birth to seven children by her second husband.  She married secondly Ekkehard I Markgraf von Meissen.  Thietmar records the marriage of Ekkehard and "Swanhild widow of Count Thietmar and Duke Bernhard's sister"[66].  Thietmar records the death of Suanhild 26 Nov 1014[67].  Markgraf Thietmar [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         GERO [II] ([970/75]-killed in battle Gau Diadesi 1 Sep 1015, bur Kloster Nienburg).  "Geronem marchionem" is named in the Annalista Saxo, which also records his parentage[68].  A boy [puer] in 980, which provides the basis for estimating his birth date range.  Graf im Hassegau 992.  Markgraf [der Lausitz] 993.  "…Gero comes…" was among the witnesses of the charter dated 1013 under which "Henricus…imperator augustus" renewed his 1007 judgment concerning a dispute between Willigis Archbishop of Mainz and Bernward Bishop of Hildesheim[69], although it is not certain that this is the same person as he is described as "comes" rather than "marchio".  Thietmar records the death of "Markgraf Gero" in battle against the Poles, dated to 1015, and his burial at Nienburg[70]m ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  1015.  The Annalista Saxo names "Athelheidhe" as wife of "Thietmarus marchio", but does not give her origin[71].  Thietmar names Adelheid widow of Markgraf Gero at her husband's burial[72].  Markgraf Gero [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          THIETMAR [IV] (-10 Jan 1030, bur Kloster Helmershausen).  The Annalista Saxo names "Thietmarus marchio" as son of "Geronis marchionis ex Athelheidhe marchionissa", when recording his death and place of burial[73].  "Henricus…rex" donated property of "in comitatu Dietmari comitis et in pago Volcfelt" to the church of Bamberg by charter dated 6 May 1007[74].  Graf im Schwaben- und Nordthüringgau 1010.  Markgraf [der Ostmark] 1015.  The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "10 Jan" of "Thiadmarus marchio"[75]m ---.  The name of Thietmar's wife is not known.  Markgraf Thietmar [IV] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       ODO (-after 10 Jan 1030).  The Annalista Saxo names "Odo marchio" as son of "Thietmarus marchio", specifying that he died without issue[76].  He succeeded his father in 1030 as Markgraf [der Ostmark]. 

(b)       ODA (-before 1068).  The Annalista Saxo names Oda as wife of "Willehelmus comes de Wimmare" and records her second marriage to "Dedoni marchioni", but does not give her origin[77].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Odam matrem Othonis marchionis de Orlamunde" as wife of "secundus filius [comitis Tiderici] Dedo"[78].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  m firstly as his second wife, WILHELM [III] Graf von Weimar, son of WILHELM [II] "der Große" Graf von Weimar & his wife --- (-16 Apr 1039).  m secondly as his first wife, DEDO [II], son of DIETRICH [II] Graf in Eilenburg [Wettin] & his wife Mathilde von Meissen (-Oct 1075).  Markgraf der sächsischen Ostmark 1046. 

2.         GERO (-29 Jun 976, bur Köln Cathedral).  The Annalista Saxo records "Thietmarum marchionem et Geronem Coloniensem archiepiscopum" as sons of "soror eorum [Gero marchiorum et Sigefridus] Hidda nominee"[79].  He donated part of his inheritance to the church at Thankmarsfelden with his brother "IV Kal Sep" 970[80].  Thietmar records that "Gero brother of Markgraf Thietmar" was elected Archbishop of Köln after the death of Folkmar [18 Jul 969], against the wishes of Emperor Otto I and that confirmation of his election in the following year by the emperor reportedly occurred after the latter had a vision[81].  Monk at Kloster [Mönchen] Gladbach [974].  His death in 976 is recorded in the Annalista Saxo[82].  Thietmar records that he died on 29 Jun[83]

3.         [HODO [Odo] (-13 Mar 993, bur Kloster Nienburg an der Saale[84]).  Jackman suggests that Markgraf Hodo was a son of Markgraf Christian and his wife Hidda[85].  The onomastics are favourable.  The common countship of Gau Serimunt between Markgraf Thietmar, son of Christian, and Hodo, as well as the latter's burial in the former's foundation suggest a close relationship.  "Otto…rex" donated property "Huodo in beneficium habet in pago Helmingouue in comitatu Willihelmi comitis" to the church of Magdeburg by charter dated 29 Jul 961[86], but it is not known whether this refers to the same Hodo.  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Serimunt in comitatu Thetmari comitis" to Rihpert Bishop of Brixen on the intervention of "Huotonis comitis" by charter dated 15 Oct 967[87].  Markgraf der Ostmark 965.  Graf im Gau Nizizi after 9 Aug 966.  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "predium Chotirodizi…in pago Northuringa in comitatu Huodonis comitis" to Magdeburg St Moritz by charter dated 1 Dec 971[88]Markgraf 974.  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed donations of property "Rosburg in pago Sirimunti in comitatu Huodonis marchionis" to the church of Magdeburg by charter dated 16 Jun 974[89].  Graf im Nordthüringau 974.  Markgraf Hodo attacked Mieszko I Prince of Poland but was defeated by him at Zehden [Cydyna] 24 Jun 972[90].  "Otto…rex" donated property "Vvalbisci in comitatu Karoli comitis" to Quedlinburg by charter dated 6 Jan 992, which names as present "Bernhardi ducis, Egberti comitis, Eggihardi marchionis, Herimanni palatini comitis, Huodonis marchionis, Deoderici palatini comitis eiusque fratris Sigeberti comitis, Herimanni comitis"[91].  The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "13 Mar" of "Hodo marchio"[92]m ---.  The name of Hodo's wife is not known.  Markgraf Hodo & his wife had [three] children:

a)         SIEGFRIED (-after 1030).  The Annalista Saxo names "Sigefridus, avunculus Esici comitis de Ballenstide, filius Odonis incliti marchionis", specifying that he took the habit at Kloster Nienburg but apostasised after his father died[93].  Thietmar records that Siegfried, son of Hodo, lived as a monk at Nienburg but "threw off the cowl and put on secular clothing" after his father died[94], presumably to claim his father's succession.  Graf 1018.  The Annalista Saxo records that he took part in attacks led by Mieszko II King of Poland in 1030[95].  

b)         [HIDDA][96] .  From the Annalista Saxo description of "Sigefridus, avunculus Esici comitis de Ballenstide, filius Odonis incliti marchionis", it is deduced that Siegfried's sister married the father of Esico Graf von Ballenstedt, but neither parent is named[97]m ADALBERT [von Ballenstedt], son of ---. 

c)         [ALFRINUS .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Monk at Corvey.] 

 

 

It is not known how the following two small family groups may have been related to the family shown above, if at all. 

 

1.         DEDO .  The Annalista Saxo records "Dedi dicebatur Wodenswege" as father of Gero Archbishop of Magdeburg[98]m EILIKA, daughter of ---.  The Annalista Saxo records "Eilica" as mother of Gero Archbishop of Magdeburg[99].  Dedo & his wife had one child: 

a)         GERO (-Nov 1023).  The Annalista Saxo records "Dedi dicebatur Wodenswege" as father of Gero Archbishop of Magdeburg[100], and records the death "XI Kal Nov" of "Gero Magdaburgensis archiepisopus"[101].  Archbishop of Magdeburg 1012. 

 

Brother and four sisters, parents not known.  Jackman suggests that the monk Konrad was a brother of Gero Archbishop of Köln (see above)[102]

1.         KONRAD .  Thietmar names the monk "Konrad" as "avunculus" of Archbishop Gero[103], interpreted as referring to Gero Archbishop of Magdeburg (died 1023) rather than Gero Archbishop of Köln (died 976), particularly as a later passage refers to "Archbishop Gero's maternal aunts" (see below) whom it is assumed were related to the Magdeburg archbishop. 

2.         EILIKA .  The Annalista Saxo records "Eilica" as mother of Gero Archbishop of Magdeburg, whose father is named "Dedi dicebatur Wodenswege" in another passage[104].  Her relationship with the monk Konrad is deduced from Thietmar naming him as avunculus of Archbishop Gero[105] who, as noted above, is assumed to refer to the archbishop of Magdeburg not the archbishop of Köln of this name.  m DEDO, son of ---. 

3.         MIRESWIND .  Thietmar names "Archbishop Gero's maternal aunts Mireswind, Emnild and Eddila" when recording that "Alfrad elder sister of Irmgard" saw them in a vision in [1017][106]

4.         EMNILD .  Thietmar names "Archbishop Gero's maternal aunts Mireswind, Emnild and Eddila" when recording that "Alfrad elder sister of Irmgard" saw them in a vision in [1017]106

5.         EDDILA .  Thietmar names "Archbishop Gero's maternal aunts Mireswind, Emnild and Eddila" when recording that "Alfrad elder sister of Irmgard" saw them in a vision in [1017]106

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    MARKGRAFEN [von MEISSEN] 979-1046

 

 

RICDAG 979-985

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         RICDAG (-985, bur Gerbstedt[107])Markgraf [von Meissen] 979/985.  Markgraf von Merseburg und Zeitz 982/985.  Graf im Schwabengau 985.  Markgraf in Chutizi und Dalaminze.  "Ricdagus cum sorore sua nominee Eilsuit" founded the abbey of Gerbstedt in 985[108].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 985 of "Rihdag com"[109]m ---.  The name of Ricdag's wife is not known.  Markgraf Ricdag & his wife had three children:

a)         KARL (-28 Apr 1014, bur Gerbstedt).  "Karolo filio suo [Ricdagus]" is named in the Annalista Saxo when recording his place of burial[110].  Graf im Schwabengau 992: Otto III King of Germany donated property "Walbisci in comitatu Karoli comitis" to Quedlinburg by charter dated 6 Jan 992[111].  Thietmar records the death of "Count Karl son of Markgraf Rikdag" on 28 Apr 1014, noting that "the unjust accusations of his enemies had previously caused him to lose his entire benefice"[112]

b)         daughter .  Thietmar records that Boleslaw married "the daughter of Markgraf Rikdag but later sent her away"[113].  The Annales Kamenzenses record the marriage of "Bolezlaus Magnus" in 984, presumably referring to his first marriage, but do not name his wife[114]m ([984], divorced [985/86]) as his first wife, BOŁESLAW of Poland, son of MIESZKO I Prince of Poland & his second wife Dobrava [Dobroslawa] of Bohemia ([967]-17 Jun 1025).  He succeeded his father in 992 as BOLESŁAW I "Chrobry/the Brave" Prince of Poland.  Duke of Bohemia 1003-1004.  He declared himself King of Poland in 1024.   

c)         GERBURG (-30 Oct 1022).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Quedlinburg. 

2.         EILSUIT .  The Annalista Saxo records that "Ricdagus cum sorore sua nominee Eilsuit" founded the abbey of Gerbstedt in 985, of which she became the first Abbess[115].   

 

 

EKKEHARD I 985-1002, GUNZELIN 1002-1009, HERMANN 1009-1038, EKKEHARD II 1032-1046

 

EKKEHARD, son of [EKKEHARD [Liudolfinger] & his wife ---] (-[30 Aug 954] or 4 Sep 954).  The descent of Ekkehard from an older brother of Heinrich I King of Germany is proposed by Hlawitschka[116].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the immunities of Kloster Essen including over land "excepta in loco Ruoldinghus quam Eggihart et eius coniunx Rikilt" possessed by hereditary right and in land "in comitatu Ecberti et Cobbonis" by charter dated 15 Jan 947, signed by "Heinrici fratris regis, Herimanni ducis, Cuonradi comitis, Erenfridi comitis, Gebehardi comitis, Ekkihardi comitis, Hugonis comitis"[117].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Hassagoi…Mersapurac in comitatu cuiusdam comitis…Teti" to "nostro fideli Hohstein…et uxori eius Chiniodrud" at the request of "Heinrici fratris nostri…Heckihardique comitis" by charter dated 26 Sep 949[118].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "954 II Non Sep" of "Eggihart com"[119]

m ---.  The name of Ekkehard's wife is not known. 

Graf Ekkehard & his wife had [one] child:

1.         [GÜNTHER (-killed in battle near Cotrona 13 Jul 982).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, although his naming his oldest son Ekkehard suggests a close family connection with the senior Graf Ekkehard.  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed the appointment of Pope John XII by charter dated 13 Feb 962, signed by "Eberharti comitis, Guntharii comitis, Burgharti comitis, Utonis comitis, Cuonrates comitis, Ernustes"[120]Markgraf in the bishopric of Magdeburg 968: "Otto…imperator augustus" set out his plan to elevate the bishopric of Magdeburg to an archbishopric by an undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated 968, in which he names "marchiones nostros Vuigbertum, Vuiggerum et Guntherium"[121].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated "civitatem Zuenkouua…in regione Chutizi et in comitatu Gundherii comitis" to the church of Merseburg by charter dated 30 Aug 974[122].  He went to Calabria in 979[123].  The Annales Einsidlenses record that "Uto et Guntharius duces…Berehtaldus comes" were killed fighting the Sarracens in Sicily in 982[124].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 982 of "Gundheri com"[125].]  m ---.  The name of Gunther's wife is not known.  Markgraf Gunther & his wife had three children:

a)         EKKEHARD (-murdered Pöhlde 30 Apr 1002, bur Kloster Jena, transferred 1028 to Naumburg Georgskirche).  The Annalista Saxo records that "Ekkihardus Guntharii filius" succeeded Ricdag in 985 as EKKEHARD I Markgraf [von Meissen][126].  "Otto…rex" donated property "Vvalbisci in comitatu Karoli comitis" to Quedlinburg by charter dated 6 Jan 992, which names as present "Bernhardi ducis, Egberti comitis, Eggihardi marchionis, Herimanni palatini comitis, Huodonis marchionis, Deoderici palatini comitis eiusque fratris Sigeberti comitis, Herimanni comitis"[127].  Thietmar also names Ekkehard as son of Gunther, referring to him as "ex nobilissimis Thuringiæ australis natalibus huius genealogiæ ortum ducens"[128].  He was one of the candidates for the imperial throne in 1002 after the death of Emperor Otto III but was killed by Saxon rivals[129].  He was murdered by (among others) Heinrich [III] von Stade, his brother Udo, and Siegfried [II] von Northeim[130].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 1002 of "Egihhart com occisus"[131].  The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "30 Apr" of "Ekgihardus marchio"[132]m as her second husband, SCHWANEHILDE [Suanhild], widow of THIETMAR [III] Markgraf [der Ostmark], daughter of HERMANN Billung Duke in Saxony & his [first/second] wife --- ([945/50]-26 Nov 1014, bur Kloster Jena, transferred 1028 to Naumburg Georgskirche).  The Annalista Saxo names "domna Suanehildis" as daughter of "Herimanni ducis de Liuniburh", names her brothers "Bennonis ducis et Bernhardus et Liudigeri comitis et Machtildis comitisse" and her two husbands[133].  Her birth date range is estimated on the basis of her sister being born in [942] and Schwanehilde herself giving birth to seven children by her second husband.  Thietmar records the marriage of Ekkehard and "Swanhild widow of Count Thietmar and Duke Bernhard's sister"[134].  Thietmar records the death of Suanhild 26 Nov 1014[135].  Markgraf Ekkehard I & his wife had seven children: 

i)          LIUTGARD (-13 Nov [1012], bur Walbeck Monastery).  Thietmar names Liutgard as first born child of Ekkehard and his wife Swanhild[136].  "Liutgardem" is also named in the Annalista Saxo, which records her parentage[137].  Thietmar describes Liutgard as "on the one side…my niece and on the other my cousin's wife" when recording her death[138], although she was rather remotely related to Thietmar to be described as his niece.  Thietmar records the betrothal of Werner and Liutgard daughter of Ekkehard after Werner abducted her from the fortress of Quedlinburg, and in a later passage their eventual marriage in January of the first year of the reign of King Heinrich II (1003)[139].  Thietmar records her death on 13 Nov, in a passage dated to 1012, and her burial at Walbeck monastery[140]m (Jan 1003) WERNER Markgraf der Nordmark, son of LOTHAR I Markgraf der Nordmark [Walbeck] & his wife Godila [von Rothenburg] (-murdered Allerstedt 11 Nov 1014, bur Walbeck Monastery). 

ii)         HERMANN (-1038).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Herimannum et Ekkihardum et Gunterum" as sons of "Suanehildis comitissa" and her second husband "Ekkihardo marchione"[141].  Wipo names "Guntherus archiepiscopus, frater Ekehardi et Herimanni comitem"[142].  Graf in Bautzen 1007.  He was installed as HERMANN Markgraf [von Meissen] in 1009 after his uncle was deposed[143].  Graf im Hassegau und im Gau Chutizi 1028.  m ([1002 after 30 Apr/1003]) REGELINDA of Poland, daughter of BOŁESLAW I "Chrobry" Prince [King in 1025] of Poland & his third wife Emnilde --- (989-after 21 Mar 1016).  Thietmar refers to the three (unnamed) daughters of Boleslaw & his wife Emnilde, specifying (in order) that "one was an abbess, the second married Count Hermann and the third the son of King Vladimir"[144].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

iii)        EKKEHARD (-24 Jan 1046, bur Naumburg).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Herimannum et Ekkihardum et Gunterum" as sons of "Suanehildis comitissa" and her second husband "Ekkihardo marchione"[145].  Wipo names "Guntherus archiepiscopus, frater Ekehardi et Herimanni comitem"[146].  Graf im Gau Chutizi und in Burgward Teuchen.  He succeeded in 1032 as EKKEHARD II Markgraf [von Meissen]. 

iv)       GÜNTHER (-1 Nov 1025).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Herimannum et Ekkihardum et Gunterum" as sons of "Suanehildis comitissa" and her second husband "Ekkihardo marchione"[147].  Chaplain at the royal court before 1001.  Imperial chancellor 1009.  Archbishop of Salzburg 1024.  Wipo names "Guntherus archiepiscopus, frater Ekehardi et Herimanni comitem", describing him as a "gentle and good before God and men"[148]

v)        EILWARD (-24 Nov 1023, bur Meissen Cathedral).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Chaplain at the royal court.  Bishop of Meissen 1016. 

vi)       MATHILDE .  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Machtildem" as daughter of "Ekkehardo marchioni" & his wife and names her husband "Tidericus comes"[149]m DIETRICH Graf in Eilenburg, son of DEDO I Graf von Merseburg [Wettin] & his wife Thietburga [von Haldensleben] (-murdered 19 Nov 1034).  Graf im Hassegau und Siusli in 1021. 

vii)      ODA (-1025).  Thietmar records the marriage of "Oda, Markgraf Ekkehard's daughter" and Boleslav in Zützen in 1018 "after septuagesima" (2 Feb)[150].  The chronicler adds the comment "until now she has lived outside the law of matrimony and thus in a manner worthy only of a marriage such as this one", which suggests a reputation for moral dissolution.  m (Burg Cziczani 3 Feb 1018) as his [fourth/fifth] wife, BOŁESLAW I "Chrobry" Prince of Poland, son of MIESZKO I Prince of Poland & his second wife Dobrava [Dobroslawa] of Bohemia ([967]-17 Jun 1025).  He declared himself King of Poland in 1024. 

b)         GUNZELIN (-after 1017).  Thietmar names "Gunzelin" as brother-in-law of Boleslaw I Prince of Poland, recording that the latter secured Meissen for him[151].  He succeeded his brother in 1002 as GUNZELIN Markgraf [von Meissen].  He was deposed in 1009 by King Heinrich II[152]

c)         BRUN .  Thietmar names "Count Brun brother of Gunzelin", recording that he successfully defended Meissen against a Polish attack, in a passage dated to 1009[153]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1047-1067 (GRAFEN von WEIMAR)

 

 

WILHELM 1047-1062, OTTO 1062-1067

 

1.         WILHELM [IV] von Weimar, son of WILHELM [III] Graf [von Weimar] & his wife Oda der Ostmark (-1062).  The Annalista Saxo names "Willehelmus marchiam" and his father "Willehelmus comes de Wimmare", when recording the former's appointment as Markgraf von Meissen[154].  Graf von Weimar.  [Pfalzgraf von Sachsen 1042].  He succeeded in 1047 as WILHELM Markgraf von Meissen.  Graf von Merseburg 1062. 

2.         OTTO von Weimar (-early 1067).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Willehelmus marchio, Otto et Poppo" as the three sons of "Willehelmus comes de Wimmare", when recording the former's appointment as Markgraf von Meissen[155].  Graf von Weimar.  He succeeded his brother in 1062 as OTTO Markgraf von Meissen.  Vogt of Merseburg cathedral 1066. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN (GRAFEN von BRAUNSCHWEIG)

 

 

EKBERT I 1067-1068, EKBERT II 1068-1088

 

1.         EKBERT von Braunschweig, son of LIUDOLF Graf im Derlingau, Markgraf von Friesland & his wife Gertrud von Egisheim (-11 Jan 1068).  The Annalista Saxo states "genuit autem Liudolfus ex Gertrude comitissa Brunonem, qui iuxta villam Niethorp occisus est, et Ekbertum seniorem marchionem"[156].  Graf von Braunschweig.  He was installed as EKBERT I Markgraf von Meissen in early 1067, as shown by the charter dated 5 Mar 1067 under which "Heinricus…rex" donated property "in pago Istria in marcha Odalrici marchionis" to the church of Freising supported by "Ekkiberti marchionis, Odalrici marchionis"[157]

a)         EKBERT von Braunschweig (-killed 3 Jul 1090).  The Notæ Sancti Blasii name "Ecbertus, Gertrudim" as children of "Ecbertum [filium Ludolfi]"[158].  Graf von Braunschweig.  He was installed as EKBERT II Markgraf von Meissen.  This was presumably after the death of his father in 1068 as there is no record of any other appointment as Markgraf at that time, although Ekbert would then have been very young.  Emperor Heinrich IV deposed Ekbert as Markgraf in [1085/86] and redistributed his property, as shown by the charters under which "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property to the church of Utrecht, dated 7 Feb 1086 in "comitatum Fresie nomine Ostrogowe et Westregowe…quam Eggebertus in hoc comitatu habuit"[159], and dated 3 Apr 1086 at "Islegowe…quam Ekbertus exinde habuerat" (which refers to "nos marchionem Ekbertum post priorem rebellionem adoptivus ille noster filius Ekbertus")[160].    

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    MARKGRAF von MEISSEN (GROITZSCH)

 

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

1.         HERLIBO [I] .  m ---.  The name of Herlibo's wife is not known.  Herliibo [I] & his wife had one child:

a)         EMELRIC .  The Annales Pegavienses name "Emelricum, Vridelonem et Herlibonem" as the three sons of "Herlibo"[161]

b)         FREDELO .  The Annales Pegavienses name "Emelricum, Vridelonem et Herlibonem" as the three sons of "Herlibo"161

c)         HERLIBO [II] .  The Annales Pegavienses name "Emelricum, Vridelonem et Herlibonem" as the three sons of "Herlibo"161m ---, daughter of --- King of Urweg.  The Annales Pegavienses refer to the wife of "Herlibo" as "filia regis de Urwege"[162].  Herlibo [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          SWETIBOR .  The Annales Pegavienses name "Zuetibor, Wolfum" as the two sons of "Herlibo [et] filia regis de Urwege"[163]m ---.  The name of Swetibor's wife is not known.  Swetibor & his wife had three or more children: 

(a)       SAMBOR .  The Annales Pegavienses name "Scamborem et eius fratres" as sons of "Zuetibor"[164]

(b)       sons . 

ii)         WULF .  The Annales Pegavienses name "Zuetibor, Wolfum" as the two sons of "Herlibo [et] filia regis de Urwege", specifying that Wulf acquired Pomerania before fleeing to Denmark[165].  He conquered land in the eastern Altmark[166]m ---.  The name of Wulf's wife is not known.  Wulf & his wife had three children:

(a)       OTTO .  The Annales Pegavienses name (in order) "Ottonem, Hermannum et Wicpertum" as the three sons of "Wulfus", specifying that after their father died their uncle "odium patris in filios retorsit" and that Otto "in Græciam declinavit"[167]

(b)       HERMANN .  The Annales Pegavienses name (in order) "Ottonem, Hermannum et Wicpertum" as the three sons of "Wulfus", specifying that after their father died their uncle "odium patris in filios retorsit" and that Hermann went to Russia[168].   

(c)       WIPRECHT [I] im Balsamgau [Gau Balcsem] (-Kloster Vitzenburg before 1110).  The Annales Pegavienses name (in order) "Ottonem, Hermannum et Wicpertum" as the three sons of "Wulfus", specifying that after their father died their uncle "odium patris in filios retorsit" and that Wiprecht went "in Balsamorum regionem"[169]

-         see below

 

 

 

B.      MARKGRAF von MEISSEN 1123-1124, MARKGRAF der LAUSITZ 1131-1135 (GROITZSCH)

 

 

WIPRECHT 1123-1124

 

WIPRECHT [I] im Balsamgau [Gau Balcsem], son of WULF & his wife --- (-Kloster Vitzenburg before 1110[170]).  The Annales Pegavienses name (in order) "Ottonem, Hermannum et Wicpertum" as the three sons of "Wulfus", specifying that after their father died their uncle "odium patris in filios retorsit" and that Wiprecht went "in Balsamorum regionem"[171]

m as her second husband, SIGENA von Leige heiress of Morungen und Gatersleben, widow of FRIEDRICH von Burglengenfeld, daughter of GOSWIN "dem Älteren" Graf von [Gross-]Leinungen (-Kloster Vitzenburg [24 Feb 1110/1121-23]).  The Annales Pegavienses name "domni Goswini comitis senioris de Leige filiam suam…Sigenam" as the wife of "Wicperti marchionis", specifying that she married secondly "comiti Friderico de Lengenvelt"[172], although the chronology of their descendants suggests that Friedrich must have been her first not her second husband.  She was appointed third Abbess of Vitzenburg, after her husband died. 

Wiprecht [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.         WIPRECHT [II] von Groitzsch (-Pegau 22 May 1124, bur Kloster Pegau).  The Annales Pegavienses name "Wicpertum" as father of "Wicperti marchionis"[173].  He was brought up by Lothar Udo II Markgraf der Nordmark, Graf von Stade who enfeoffed him with the castle of Tangermünde, but transferred him to the castle of Groitzsch (between the Pleisse and the Elster).  After losing control of Groitzsch, he went in [1075/80] to the court of Vratislav II Duke of Bohemia where he developed a position of influence and whose daughter he eventually married[174].  He recovered his rights over Groitzsch by force, attracted settlers from Franconia to establish numerous villages between the rivers Mulde and Wiera, and in 1091 founded the monastery of Pegau[175].  He founded Kloster Lausigk in 1104.  Graf 1106.  He opposed Emperor Heinrich V from 1112, and was imprisoned at Triefels in 1113, a death sentence being commuted in return for his transferring all his lands to the emperor.  He was released in 1116 in exchange for the imperial ministerial Heinrich Haupt and appears to have recovered his rights[176].  Burggraf von Magdeburg 1118.  Vogt of the convent of Neuwerk at Halle.  He was installed in 1123 as Markgraf von Meissen und der Niederlausitz by Emperor Heinrich V, but failed to impose his authority because of Lothar Duke of Saxony's appointment of Albrecht "der Bär" Graf von Ballenstedt in Lausitz and Konrad von Wettin in Meissen[177].  The Annales Pegavienses record the death of Wiprecht "1124 XI Kal Iun"[178].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death "1124 XI Kal Iun" of "Wipertus marchio, Pigaviensis ecclesie fundator"[179]m firstly ([1085]) JUDITH of Bohemia, daughter of VRATISLAV II Duke [later King] of the Bohemians & his third wife Swiętoslawa [Svatana] of Poland (-17 Dec 1108).  The Annalista Saxo records that one of Duke Vratislav's daughters, unnamed and without specifying by which marriage, married "Wicbertus senior"[180].  The Annales Pegavienses name "Iuditha, Vratizlai regis filia" as wife of "Wicpertus", specifying in a later passage that she died "1109 XVI Kal Ian…in suo patrimonio Budissin"[181].  Heiress im Nisangau und im Gau Budissin [Bautzen][182].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death "1109 XVI Kal Jan" of "Iudita uxor Wiperti marchionis"[183]m secondly (1110) as her third husband, KUNIGUNDE von Weimar heiress of Beichlingen, widow firstly of IAROPOLK PIOTR Iziaslavich Prince of Vladimir in Volynia and secondly of KUNO von Northeim Graf von Beichlingen, daughter of OTTO Graf von Weimar, Markgraf von Meissen & his wife Adela de Louvain (-8 Jun 1140).  The Annales Pegavienses name "relictam domni Cuononis principis de Bichelinge, Cuonigundem" as second wife of "Wicpertus"[184].  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Odam, Cunigundam, Adelheidam" as the three daughters of Markgraf Otto by his wife, specifying that Kunigunde married firstly "regi Ruzorum", secondly "Cononi comiti de Bichlingge, filio ducis Ottonis de Northeim", and thirdly "Wipertus senior"[185].  Markgraf Wiprecht [II] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         WIPRECHT [III] von Groitzsch (-27 Jan [1116], bur Pegau).  The Annalista Saxo names "Wicbertum iuniorem" as the son of "Wicbertus senior" and the daughter of Vratislav Duke of Bohemia[186].  The Annales Pegavienses name "Wicpertum iuniorem et Heinricum" as the two sons of "Wicpertus" and his wife Judith[187].  He was imprisoned by Emperor Heinrich V in 1110.  m (1110) as her first husband, KUNIGUNDE von Beichlingen, daughter of KUNO von Northeim Graf von Beichlingen & his wife Kunigund von Weimar.  The Annalista Saxo records (but does not name, except for the fourth daughter) the four daughters of Kuno & his wife, of whom Kunigunde (listed fourth) married firstly "Wiperto iuniori" and secondly "Thieppoldus marchio de Bawaria"[188].  She married secondly (after Mar 1127) as his second wife, Dietpold [III] Markgraf von Vohburg

b)         HEINRICH von Groitzsch (-Mainz 31 Dec 1135).  The Annales Pegavienses name "Wicpertum iuniorem et Heinricum" as the two sons of "Wicpertus" and his wife Judith[189].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records that "Heinricum marchionem" was the successor of "Wipertus marchio, Pigaviensis ecclesie fundator", but that he died without heirs "1135 II Kal Ian"[190].  The Canonici Wissegradensis Continuatio Cosmæ names "Henricum filium Wigberti" in 1128[191].  Burggraf von Magdeburg 1124.  Markgraf der Ostmark after 1128.  Markgraf der Lausitz 1131.  Vogt of Kloster Neuwerk at Halle.  Founded Kloster Bürgel with his wife 1133.  The Annalista Saxo records the death in Mainz of "Heinricus marchio Magdaburgensisque comes, filius Wicberti marchionis"[192]m BERTHA von Gleissberg, daughter of FRIEDRICH [III] von Goseck & his wife Adelheid von Stade (-after 1137). 

c)         BERTA von Morungen (-Monte Serreno 16 Jun 1144)The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Berta filia Wiperti marchionis de Groitz" as wife of "Dedo comes filius Thiemonis comitis"[193].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Bertham filiam Wiperti de Groitz" as wife of "Dedo filius Thiemonis", specifying that she was repudiated by her husband and found refuge at Monte Serreno where she died[194].  Heiress of Burg Groitzsch.  The Annales Pegavienses record the death in 1143 of "Berchta de Morunham, filia Wicperti marchionis"[195].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1144 XVII Kal Iun" of "Berta comitissa, uxor Dedonis comitis"[196].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death "1144 XVII Kal Iun" of "Berta comitissa filia Wiperti, uxor Dedonis comitis"[197]m (repudiated) DEDO [IV] Graf von Wettin, son of THIMO Graf von Brehna [Wettin] & his wife Ida von Northeim (-16 Dec 1124).  Graf von Groitzsch. 

2.         daughter .  The Annales Pegavienses refer to the two daughters of "Wicperti marchionis" & his wife Sigena, specifying that one married "Henricus quidam de Leige"[198]m HEINRICH von Leinungen, son of ---. 

3.         daughter .  The Annales Pegavienses refer to the two daughters of "Wicperti marchionis" & his wife Sigena, specifying that the second married "Wernherus senior de Velthem" by whom her children were "Wernherum et Adelgotum, postea Magdaburgensem archiepiscopum"[199]m WERNER [I] "der Ältere" von Veltheim, son of ADELGOT & his wife --- (-after 1087).

 

 

 

C.      GRAFEN von GROITZSCH 1144-1210, MARKGRAFEN der LAUSITZ 1185-1210 (WETTIN)

 

 

DEDO [V] "der Feiste" von Wettin, son of KONRAD [I] "der Grosse" Graf von Wettin, Brehna, Camburg und Eilenburg, Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz & his wife Luitgard von Elchingen (-16 Aug 1190, bur Kloster Zschillen).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Heinricum…Othonem Misnensem marchionem, Tidericum Orientalem marchionem, Dedonem comitem de Rochelitz, Heinricum comitem de Witin, Fridericum comitem de Brene" as sons of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[200].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names (in order) brothers "Othonis Misniensis marchionis, Tiderici Orientalis marchionis, Heinrici comitis de Witin, Dedonis comitis de Rochelez, Friderici comitis de Brene"[201]Graf von Groitzsch 1144.  The Genealogica Wettinensis records that "Berta comitissa filia Wiperti, uxor Dedonis comitis" left Groitzsch to ""Dedoni filio Conradi marchionis" in 1144[202].  Herr zu Rochlitz 1156.  "Dedo…comes" sold property to Magdeburg convent, with the consent of "uxoris mee filiorum meorumque Theoderici et Philippi", by charter dated 13 Sep 1159[203].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records that "Dedo comes" founded "ecclesiam Cillenensem [Zschillen]" in 1174[204]Markgraf der Niederlausitz und Graf von Eilenburg 1185.  The Genealogica Wettinensis records that "Dedo comes" redeemed "marchiam Orientalem" from Emperor Friedrich I for "quatuor milibus marcis" in 1185 after the death of "Tiderici marchionis"[205].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1190 XVII Kal Sep" of "Dedonem Orientalem marchionem", specifying his burial "in ecclesia Cillenensi"[206]

m (before 1159) MATHILDE von Heinsberg, daughter of GOSWIN [III] Herr von Heinsberg und Valkenburg & his wife Adelheid von Sommerschenburg (-20 Jan 1189, bur Zschillen).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Machtildem filiam Gozwini comitis de Himisberc, sororem Philippi Coloniensis archiepiscopi" as wife of "Dedo comes de Rochelitz"[207].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "XIII Kal Feb" of "uxor eius [=Dedonem Orientalem marchionem] Machtilde marchionissa"[208].  Heiress of Sommerschenburg. 

Markgraf Dedo [V] & his wife had six children: 

1.         DIETRICH (-13 Jun 1207, bur Zschillen).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum…Philippum Scantensem preopositum, Gozwinum et Heinricum…et Conradum marchionem et filiam Agnetem" as children of "Dedo comes de Rochelitz" & his wife, specifying that Dietrich was "maioris ecclesie Magdeburgensis ecclesie canonicum, qui postea comes de Sumirschenburc et de Groitz dictus est"[209].  "Dedo…comes" sold property to Magdeburg convent, with the consent of "uxoris mee filiorum meorumque Theoderici et Philippi", by charter dated 13 Sep 1159[210].  Canon at Zeitz 1169.  Canon at Magdeburg cathedral.  Graf von Groitzsch und Sommerschenburg 1190.  Vogt von Pegau.  Graf von Landsberg.  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death in 1207 of "Tidericus comes, filius eius [Dedonis Orientalis marchionis]"[211].  The necrology of Arnstein an der Lahn records the death 13 Jun of "domini Theoderici patris comitesse de Seyna"[212]m (before 1190) JUTTA von Thüringen, daughter of LUDWIG III "dem Milden/dem Frommen" Landgraf of Thuringia & his first wife Margarete von Kleve (-[6 Sep 1208/1216]).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Machtildem filiam Ludowici comitis de Thuringia" as wife of "Tidericus comes, filius eius [Dedonis Orientalis marchionis]"[213].  Graf Dietrich & his wife had two children: 

a)         MECHTILD (-1222 after 27 Feb).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the necrology of Arnstein an der Lahn which records the death 13 Jun of her father "domini Theoderici patris comitesse de Seyna"[214].  "Henricus…comes Seynensis" donated property to Heisterbach abbey, in replacement of revenue donated by "comitissa de Landesberg socrus mea, Jutta", at the request of "coniugis mee Mechtildis", by charter dated 1216[215]m ([before Jun 1207]) as his first wife, HEINRICH [III] Graf zu Sayn, son of HEINRICH [II] Graf zu Sayn & his wife Agnes von Saffenberg (-31 Dec 1246). 

b)         AGNES .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Agnetem" as daughter of "Tidericus comes, filius eius [Dedonis Orientalis marchionis]" & his wife[216]

2.         PHILIPP (-before 1190).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum…Philippum Scantensem preopositum, Gozwinum et Heinricum…et Conradum marchionem et filiam Agnetem" as children of "Dedo comes de Rochelitz" & his wife [217].  "Dedo…comes" sold property to Magdeburg convent, with the consent of "uxoris mee filiorum meorumque Theoderici et Philippi", by charter dated 13 Sep 1159[218].  Provost of St Viktor at Xanten 1182/85. 

3.         GOSWIN .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum…Philippum Scantensem preopositum, Gozwinum et Heinricum…et Conradum marchionem et filiam Agnetem" as children of "Dedo comes de Rochelitz" & his wife, specifying that Goswin and Heinrich died young[219].  1159/74

4.         HEINRICH .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum…Philippum Scantensem preopositum, Gozwinum et Heinricum…et Conradum marchionem et filiam Agnetem" as children of "Dedo comes de Rochelitz" & his wife, specifying that Goswin and Heinrich died young[220].  1159/74

5.         KONRAD (-6 May 1210, bur Zschillen).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum…Philippum Scantensem preopositum, Gozwinum et Heinricum…et Conradum marchionem et filiam Agnetem" as children of "Dedo comes de Rochelitz" & his wife[221].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Conradus marchio Orientalis filius Dedonis filii Conradi marchionis senioris" when recording his death "1210 II Non Mai" and burial "Cillene aput patrem suum"[222].  von Landsberg.  Markgraf der Niederlausitz und Graf von Eilenburg 1190.  Graf von Groitzsch und Sommerschenburg 1207.  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records that "Conradus Orientalis marchio" besieged "Lubus castrum" which belonged to "soceri sui Wlodizlai ducis Polonie" (the latter being an error for brother-in-law)[223].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death in 1210 of "Conradus marchio"[224]m (after Jan 1180) as her second husband, ELŹBIETA of Poland, widow of SOBĚSLAV II Duke of Bohemia, daughter of MIESZKO III "Stary/the Old" Prince of Greater Poland & his first wife Erszebet of Hungary ([1152]-2 Apr 1209, bur Kloster Dobrilugk).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Elizabeth filiam Meseconis ducis Polonie, viduam Zibizlai ducis Bohemie" as wife of "Conradus marchio filius Dedonis"[225].  The Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum refers to, but does not name, the daughters of Mieszko III, naming (first in the list) "dux Boemorum Sobeslaus" as his son-in-law[226].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Elizabeth marchionissa…soror Wlodizlai ducis" as wife of "Conradi marchionis" when recording her death "1209 IV Non Apr" and her burial "Doberluge"[227].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death in 1209 of "Elizabeth marchionissa"[228].  Markgraf Konrad & his wife had three children: 

a)         KONRAD (-before 6 May 1210).  The Genealogica Wettinensis refers to, but does not name, the son of "Conradus marchio filius Dedonis" & his wife, specifying that he died in boyhood[229]

b)         MATHILDE (-Salzwedel 1255, bur Kloster Lehnin).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the marriage in 1205 of "Machtildem" older of the two daughters of "Conradi marchionis Orientalis" and "Albertus Brandenburgensis marchio"[230].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Machtildem…et Agnetem" as the two daughters of "Conradus marchio filius Dedonis" & his wife, specifying that Mathilde married "Albertus…marchio de Brandenburc"[231].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Mechtildem filiam Conradi marchionis de Landesberch" as wife of "Albertus secundus"[232].  "Mechtildis…marchionissa Brandenburgensis, Johannes et Otto filii eius" purchased territories from the archbishop of Magdeburg, with the consent of "Henricus comes Ascharie, qui tutelam prefatorum nepotum nostrorum gerimus", by charter dated 20 Sep 1221[233].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the death in 1255 of "Mechtildis [uxor Alberti secundi]" and her burial at Lehnin[234]m (Aug 1205) ALBRECHT II Markgraf von Brandenburg, son of OTTO I Markgraf von Brandenburg [Askanier] & his second wife Ada of Holland (Jan after [1172/75]-25 Feb 1220, bur Kloster Lehnin). 

c)         AGNES (-1 Jan 1248, bur Kloster Wienhausen).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Machtildem…et Agnetem" as the two daughters of "Conradus marchio filius Dedonis" & his wife, specifying that Agnes married "Heinricus palatinus Reni frater Othonis imperatoris"[235].  She founded Kloster Wienhausen.  m (1211) as his second wife, HEINRICH Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, son of HEINRICH "der Löwe" ex-Duke of Saxony and Bavaria [Welf] & his second wife Matilda of England ([1173]-Braunschweig 28 Apr 1227, bur Braunschweig cathedral).  Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg 1213.  

6.         AGNES (-25 Mar 1195, bur Diessen).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum…Philippum Scantensem preopositum, Gozwinum et Heinricum…et Conradum marchionem et filiam Agnetem" as children of "Dedo comes de Rochelitz" & his wife, specifying that Agnes married "duci de Meran"[236].  The Notæ Diessenses record the death "1195 VIII Kal Apr" of "Agnes ducissa" specifying that she was buried "in capitolio"[237].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "VIII Kal Apr" of "Agnes comitissa Meragnie"[238]m (before 1180) BERTHOLD [III] Graf von Andechs, son of BERTHOLD [II] Marchese di Istria Graf von Andechs & his first wife Hedwig von Wittelsbach (-12 Aug 1204).  Duke of Merano, Marchese di Istria. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1089-1428 (WETTIN)

 

 

According to Thietmar, Dedo was "of the lineage of the Bukkonen" and a relative of "Markgraf Rikdag"[239].  This is repeated in the Annalista Saxo, which says that Dedo Graf von Merseburg and his father Dietrich were from the "tribu que Butzieci dicitur"[240].  This family relationship has not been traced. 

 

 

A.      ORIGINS, GRAFEN von MERSEBURG, GRAFEN von WETTIN

 

 

DIETRICH [Theoderic], son of --- (-before 976).  [Graf im Hassegau].  The Annalista Saxo calls him "Theodericus egregie libertatis vir" and names his two sons[241].  "Otto…rex" confirmed previous grants to Kloster Gandersheim including property "in pago Suththuringa in comitatu Uuillihelmi…[et] in pago Nordthuringa…in comitatu Theoderici in loco…Uuanzleua…[et] in Hliuthirithi in comitatu Irmenfridi" by charter dated 21 Apr 956[242].  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pagis Derlingon et Nortduringen in comitatu ipsius Mamaconi" to "nostro fideli Mamaconi" at the request of "Theoderici comitis" by charter dated 23 Apr 966[243]

m [IMMA], daughter of ---.  976.  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed donations of property "in Livbedinga in pago Gurketal et in comitatu Ratoldi comitis" by "Theoderici comitis cuidam viduæ Imma" for the foundation of a monastery by charter dated 11 Jun 975[244], although it is not known whether this refers to the same Graf Dietrich.  Thietmar records that Dedo "went so far as to capture his own mother" when leading "the rebellious Bohemians against us at the church of Zeitz"[245]

Graf Dietrich & his wife had two children: 

1.         DEDO [I] (-killed in battle near Mose bei Wolmirstedt 13 Nov 1009).  He is named as son of Dietrich in the Annalista Saxo, which records that he served Markgraf Ricdag and his son Karl[246].  Thietmar records that he was appointed Graf von Merseburg in succession to Count Bio[247]m (before 985) THIETBURGA [von Haldensleben], daughter of DIETRICH Markgraf über den Gau der Heveller [Nordmark] & his wife ---.  The parentage of the wife of Graf Dedo is deduced from her brother Bernhard being described as avunculus of her son, although she is not named in this passage[248].  Thietmar is more explicit, stating that Dedo married "Markgraf Dietrich's daughter, Thiedburga"[249].  Graf Dedo [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         DIETRICH (-murdered 19 Nov 1034).  "Theoderico, Dedonis occisi filio" is named in the Annalista Saxo, when recording that the king installed him in his father's Grafschaft[250].  Graf in Eilenburg 1017.  Graf im Hassegau und Siusli 1021. 

-        see below

2.         FRIEDRICH von Eilenburg (-Eilenburg 6 Jan 1017).  "Dedonem et Fridericum" are named as sons of Dietrich in the Annalista Saxo[251].  Burggraf von Meissen.  Herr von Eilenburg.  Thietmar records the death of "Count Friedrich…in his burg Eilenburg", stating that he transferred Eilenburg to "his brother's son Dietrich" before he died while it was agreed that his remaining lands "would pass to his three daughters"[252].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records his death "in eadem civitate [=Hileburc civitatem suam] in sacra nocte epiphanie Domini"[253]m ---.  The name of Friedrich's wife is not known.  Graf Friedrich & his wife had three children: 

a)         daughter (-after Jan 1017).  Thietmar records the death of "Count Friedrich…in his burg Eilenburg", stating that he transferred Eilenburg to "his brother's son Dietrich" before he died while it was agreed that his remaining lands "would pass to his three daughters"[254]

b)         daughter (-after Jan 1017).  Thietmar records the death of "Count Friedrich…in his burg Eilenburg", stating that he transferred Eilenburg to "his brother's son Dietrich" before he died while it was agreed that his remaining lands "would pass to his three daughters"[255]

c)         daughter (-after Jan 1017).  Thietmar records the death of "Count Friedrich…in his burg Eilenburg", stating that he transferred Eilenburg to "his brother's son Dietrich" before he died while it was agreed that his remaining lands "would pass to his three daughters"[256]

 

 

DIETRICH, son of DEDO I Graf von Merseburg & his wife Thietburga [von Haldensleben] (-murdered 19 Nov 1034).  "Theoderico, Dedonis occisi filio" is named in the Annalista Saxo, when recording that the king installed him in his father's Grafschaft[257].  Thietmar records the death of "Count Friedrich…in his burg Eilenburg", stating that he transferred Eilenburg to "his brother's son Dietrich" before he died[258].  Graf in Eilenburg 1017.  Graf im Hassegau und Siusli 1021. 

m MATHILDE von Meissen, daughter of EKKEHARD I Markgraf von Meissen & his wife Schwanehild [Billung].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Machtildem" as daughter of "Ekkehardo marchioni" & his wife and names her husband "Tidericus comes"[259]

Graf Dietrich & his wife had seven children: 

1.         FRIEDRICH (-Münster 18 Apr 1084, bur Münster Cathedral).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus", specifying that "primus filius Fridericus fuit prepositus maioris Magdeburgensis ecclesie, postea Monasteriensis episcopus"[260].  Provost at Magdeburg cathedral before 1063.  Elected Bishop of Magdeburg 1063.  Provost of Münster cathedral 1063.  Imperial chancellor.  Bishop of Münster 1064.  

2.         DEDO [II] (-Oct 1075).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus", specifying that "secundus filius Dedo obtinuit marchiam Hodonis marchionis, qui heredem non habuit"[261].  Graf im Gau Siusli 1043.  Markgraf der Niederlausitz 1046.  Graf im südliche Schwabengau [1046/68]. 

-        see below, Part B. MARKGRAFEN der NIEDERLAUSITZ 1046-1123, MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1089-1123

3.         THIMO (-after [1099/1101]).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus"[262]

-        see below

4.         GERO (-after 1089).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus"[263].  Graf von Brehna.  m as her second husband, BERTA ---, widow of POPPO von Wippra, daughter of --- (-17 Sep, 1089 or before).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Bertam viduam cuiusdam Popponis" as wife of "quartus filius [comitis Tiderici] Gero comes", specifying that "huius Popponis frater fuit Cuno senior de Wippera"[264].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed a donation to the church of Naumburg by "domne Berthe fuit uxoris…comitis Geronis" to Naumburg church by charter dated 12 Dec 1089, which names "fidelium nostrorum Geronis comitis, Guntheri episcopi, Theoderici et Willihelmi filiorum suorum"[265], the charter being marked spurious in the compilation although the genealogical information in the document is corroborated by other sources.  Graf Gero & his wife had five children: 

a)         DIETRICH (-14 Oct [1089/1115], bur Naumburg Cathedral).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum comitem et Willehelmum comitem de Canburch et Guntherum Cicensem episcopum" as the three sons of "quartus filius [comitis Tiderici] Gero comes" & his wife[266].  Graf von Brehna.  m GERBURG, daughter of --- (-21 Oct ----, bur Naumburg Cathedral).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  

b)         WILHELM (-7 Mar [1089/1115], bur Naumburg Cathedral).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum comitem et Willehelmum comitem de Canburch et Guntherum Cicensem episcopum" as the three sons of "quartus filius [comitis Tiderici] Gero comes" & his wife[267].  The Liber de Bello Saxonico records that "Willehelmus, Geronis comitis filius" was captured "ab Everhardo"[268].  Graf von Camburg.  m GEVA Gräfin von Seeburg, daughter of --- (-14 Mar ----, bur Naumburg Cathedral).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Wilhelm & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEVA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

ii)         BERTA ([1075]-before [1152/56]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Her name is confirmed by the charter dated to [1149] under which her daughter Hedwig Abbess of Gernrode donated part of her inheritance from "matris…eius Berchte et fratris eius comitis Geronis" to Gernrode[269]m ([1096]) as his second wife, WICHMANN [I] Graf von Seeburg, son of Graf CRISTIN [Querfurt] & his wife Oda von Haldensleben (-[1115]). 

c)         GÜNTHER (-1 Apr 1089, bur Naumburg Cathedral).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Tidericum comitem et Willehelmum comitem de Canburch et Guntherum Cicensem episcopum" as the three sons of "quartus filius [comitis Tiderici] Gero comes" & his wife[270].  Bishop of Naumburg 1079.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "quod Gero pater…Gunteri episcopi dederat in comitatu Hasgethe Friderici palatini comiti et in pago Helfethe et in Scafestede" to Naumburg church by charter dated 10 Aug 1088, at the request of "Ekkeberti marchionis, Heinrici marchionis…Gunteri Nuienburgensis sedis episcopi"[271]

d)         WILLA .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Willam abbatissam de Gerbestide et Thieburgam prepositam de Gernrode" as the daughters of "quartus filius [comitis Tiderici] Gero comes" & his wife[272].  Abbess of Gerbstedt. 

e)         THIETBURG .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Willam abbatissam de Gerbestide et Thieburgam prepositam de Gernrode" as the daughters of "quartus filius [comitis Tiderici] Gero comes" & his wife[273].  Nun at Gernrode.

5.         KONRAD (-17 Jan or 14 Feb after 1040).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus"[274].  Graf von Wettin.  m OTHILDIS von Katlenburg, daughter of DIETRICH [I] Graf von Katlenburg [Stade] & his wife Bertrada of Holland.  The Annalista Saxo names "Theodericus et…Othilhildis" as children of Graf Dietrich [I] & his wife, specifying that the latter married "Conrado fratri Dedonis marchionis"[275].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "sororem Tiderici senioris de Kathelenburc…Othilhildis" as wife of "quintus filius [comitis Tiderici] Conradus comes"[276].  Konrad & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERTRADA (-1145).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Bertradam" as the daughter of "quintus filius [comitis Tiderici] Conradus comes" & his wife, naming her husband "Beringerus comes frater Ludowici comitis senioris de Thuringia"[277]m BERENGAR Graf von Sangerhausen, son of LUDWIG "mit dem Barten" Graf in Thuringia & his wife Caecilie von Sangerhausen (-before 25 Jul 1110).

6.         RIKDAG .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus", specifying that "Riddagus sextus filius" died childless[278]

7.         HIDDA von Eilenburg .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus", specifying that Hidda married "duci Boemico"[279]m SPYTIHNĔV II Duke of the Bohemians, son of BŘETISLAV Duke of the Bohemians & his wife Judith von Schweinfurt (1031-28 Jan 1061). 

 

 

THIMO, son of DIETRICH Graf in Eilenburg, Graf im Hassegau und Siusli [Wettin] & his wife Mathilde von Meissen (-after [1099/1101]).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus"[280].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Thiemonem" as son of "Tidericus comes" & his wife[281].  Graf von Brehna.  Vogt of Stift Gerbstedt.  Co-founder of Naumburg cathedral. 

m ([1086]) IDA von Northeim, daughter of OTTO [II] Graf von Northeim Duke of Bavaria & his wife Richenza of Swabia [Ezzonen].  The Annales Stadenses refers to the four daughters of Otto, specifying that "una mater fuit Conradi de Witin marchionis" without naming her[282].  The Annales Magdeburgenses name "secunda [filia Ottonis ducis de Northeim] Ida" as wife of "Thiemoni comiti de Witin"[283].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Idam filiam Othonis ducis de Northeim" as wife of "Thiemo comes"[284]

Graf Thimo & his wife had three children: 

1.         DEDO [IV] (-16 Dec 1124).  The Annales Magdeburgenses name "Dedum comitem et Cuonradum marchionem" as the two sons of "Thiemoni comiti de Witin" and his wife Ida von Northeim[285].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Dedonem comitem et Conradum et filiam nomine Machthildem" as the children of "Thiemo comes" & his wife[286]Graf von Wettin.  Graf von Groitzsch by right of his wife.  The Genealogica Wettinensis specifies that "Dedo filius Thiemonis" founded "ecclesiam in honore beati Petri apostolorum" but that its consecration was left because of the death of his brother Konrad[287].  Founded Kloster Petersberg bei Halle in der Saale, of which he was Vogt.  m (repudiated) BERTA von Morungen, daughter of WIPRECHT [II] Graf von Groitzsch [later Markgraf von Meissen] & his first wife Judith of Bohemia (-Monte Serreno 16 Jun 1144).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Berta filia Wiperti marchionis de Groitz" as wife of "Dedo comes filius Thiemonis comitis"[288].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Bertham filiam Wiperti de Groitz" as wife of "Dedo filius Thiemonis", specifying that she was repudiated by her husband and found refuge at Monte Serreno where she died[289].  The same source in a later passage records the death "1144 XVII Kal Iun" of "Berta comitissa filia Wiperti, uxor Dedonis comitis"[290].  Heiress of Burg Groitzsch.  The Annales Pegavienses record the death in 1143 of "Berchta de Morunham, filia Wicperti marchionis"[291].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1144 XVII Kal Iun" of "Berta comitissa, uxor Dedonis comitis"[292].  Graf Dedo [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         MATHILDE (-1152).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Machthildem" as daughter of "Dedo filius Thiemonis" & his wife, naming her husband "comiti Rabodoni Babenbergensi advocato"[293]m (1143) RAPOTO [II] Graf von Abensberg, son of ---.  1147/72.  

2.         KONRAD [I] "der Grosse" ([1097/98]-Kloster Petersberg 5 Feb 1157, bur Kloster Petersberg).  The Annales Magdeburgenses name "Dedum comitem et Cuonradum marchionem" as the two sons of "Thiemoni comiti de Witin" and his wife Ida von Northeim[294].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Dedonem comitem et Conradum et filiam nomine Machthildem" as the children of "Thiemo comes" & his wife[295]Graf von Wettin.  Graf von Brehna und Camburg before 1116.  Graf von Eilenburg 1123.  Markgraf von Meissen in 1123. 

-        see below, Part C. MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1123-1428

3.         MATHILDE (-22 Jan 1155, bur Kloster Petersberg).  The Gesta Archiepiscoporum Magdeburgensium names "Mechildis, soror Conradi comitis de Misen" as wife of "Gero comes de Seborch"[296].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Dedonem comitem et Conradum et filiam nomine Machthildem" as the children of "Thiemo comes" & his wife, naming "Gero comes de Bavaria" as first husband of Mathilde and "Ludowicus comes de Bavaria, pater Ludowici abbatis Merseburgensis et Ludowicis comitis, patris Conradi prepositi" as her second husband[297].  Assuming that her first marriage is correct, she was the first cousin of her husband's maternal grandfather, which seems surprising.  m firstly GERO Graf von Seeburg, son of WICHMANN Graf von Seeburg & his second wife Bertha von Camburg (12 Jul 1097-19 Sep 1133, bur Kloster Kaldenborn).  m secondly LUDWIG [II] von Wippra, son of --- (-1151).

 

 

 

B.      MARKGRAFEN der LAUSITZ 1046-1123, MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1089-1123 (WETTIN)

 

 

HEINRICH I 1089-1103, HEINRICH II 1104-1123

 

DEDO [II] von Wettin, son of DIETRICH Graf in Eilenburg, Graf im Hassegau und Siusli [Wettin] & his wife Mathilde von Meissen (-Oct 1075).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios: Fridericum, Dedonem, Thiemonem, Geronem, Conradum, Riddagum, et filiam Hiddam" as children of "comes Tidericus", specifying that "secundus filius Dedo obtinuit marchiam Hodonis marchionis, qui heredem non habuit"[298].  Graf im Gau Siusli 1043.  Markgraf der Niederlausitz 1046.  Graf im südliche Schwabengau [1046/68]. 

m firstly (after Apr 1039) as her second husband, ODA der Ostmark, widow of WILHELM [III] Graf von Weimar, daughter of THIETMAR [IV] Markgraf der Ostmark & his wife --- (-before 1068).  The Annalista Saxo names Oda as wife of "Willehelmus comes de Wimmare" and records her second marriage to "Dedoni marchioni", but does not give her origin[299].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Odam matrem Othonis marchionis de Orlamunde" as wife of "secundus filius [comitis Tiderici] Dedo"[300]

m secondly (1069) as her second husband, ADELA de Louvain, widow of OTTO Graf von Weimar Markgraf von Meissen, daughter of LAMBERT II Comte de Louvain & his wife Uda of Lotharingia (-1083).  The Annalista Saxo records "Adhelam de Brabantia, ex castello quod Lovene dicitur" as wife of Markgraf Otto, and later her second marriage to Otto's stepfather[301].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "viduam eius [=Othone marchione]…nata de Brabancia ex castello quod dicitur Levene, erantque fratres eius Heinricus comes et Reiherus" as second wife of "Dedo marchio"[302], but does not name her.  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed donations to St Servatius at Maastricht by "marchio Otto de Thuringia eiusque uxor Adela" by charter dated 21 Sep 1062, in the presence of "Friderici ducis, Godefridi marchionis, Lamberti comitis de Brusela filiorumque suorum, Winrici de Wivsehel"[303]

Graf Dedo [II] & his first wife had [three] children:

1.         DEDO [III] (-murdered 1069, before 26 Oct, bur Meissen).  The Annalista Saxo names him "Dedo iunior" and his mother "Oda mater Ottonis de Orlagemunde" when recording his murder while relieving himself at night[304]Markgraf der Niederlausitz.  

2.         ADELHEID (after 1039-[26 Jan] 1071, bur [Melk]).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Adelhidis…[et] Agnes" as the two daughters of "secundus filius [comitis Tiderici] Dedo" and his wife Oda, naming "Hernesto marchioni de Bavaria" as husband of Adelheid and "Luppoldum marchionem" as their son[305].  The Annales Gotwicenses record the death in 1071 of "Adalheit marchionissa"[306].  The necrology of Melk records the death "VII Kal Feb" of "Adalheida marchionissa ux Adalberti marchionis Austrie"[307].  At first sight, "Adalberti" has assumed to be an error for "Ernesti" as the latter's wife is the only known "marchionissa" of that name.  However, the entry may alternatively refer to the otherwise unknown first wife of Markgraf Adalbert.  The necrology of Kloster Neuburg also records the death "VII Kal Feb" of "Adelheidis marchionissa"[308] but does not name her husband.  m as his first wife, ERNST Markgraf of Austria, son of ADALBERT Markgraf der Ostmark [Austria] & his first wife --- (-killed in battle near Homburg/Unstrut 9 Jun 1075, bur Melk). 

3.         [AGNES .  According to the Annalista Saxo, the wife of "Fridericus comes" (=Friedrich [I] Graf von Goseck, Pfalzgraf von Sachsen, from the context) was "filiam Dedonis marchionis, sororem iunioris Dedonis et ex matre Ottonis marchionis de Orlagemunde"[309].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Adelhidis…[et] Agnes" as the two daughters of "secundus filius [comitis Tiderici] Dedo" and his wife Oda, naming "Friderico comiti" as husband of Agnes and "Adelbertum archiepiscopum, Dedonem et Fridericum palatinos comites, et filiam nomine Odam quam Adelbertus quidam nobilis cognominatus Seveke de Sumerschenburc accepit uxorem" as their children[310], presumably based on the same source.   This is impossible chronologically as the children of Markgraf Dedo must have been born after 1039, the earliest date of his marriage, while Friedrich von Goseck died in [1042].  The Chronicon Gozecense apparently identifies the correct origin of Agnes, wife of Friedrich von Goseck, when it names "Oudam" as daughter of "comes Fridericus [et] Agnam…de Wimare"[311], the latter being the sister of Oda der Ostmark's first husband Wilhelm [III] Graf von Weimar (see THURINGIAN NOBILITY).  The question remains whether these sources should be interpreted broadly as meaning that Markgraf Dedo [II] did have a second daughter named Agnes by his first marriage and that she was married to another individual named Friedrich.  m FRIEDRICH "Graf in Sachsen".] 

Graf Dedo [II] & his second wife had two children:

4.         HEINRICH ([1070]-1103).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricum marchionem de Ilburh et Conradum comitem" as sons of Dedo & his second wife[312].  Graf von Eilenburg.  Markgraf der Niederlausitz.  He succeeded in 1089 as HEINRICH I Markgraf von Meissenm ([1101/02]) as her third husband, GERTRUD von Braunschweig, widow firstly of DIETRICH [II] Graf von Katlenburg [Stade] and secondly of HEINRICH "der Fette" Graf von Northeim, daughter of EKBERT I Graf von Braunschweig Markgraf von Meissen & his wife Irmgard [Aemilia/Immula] di Susa ([1065]-9 Dec 1117).  The Annalista Saxo names "Gertrudem, filiam Ekberti marchionis senioris, matrem Richenze inperatricis" as wife of Graf Dietrich [II][313].  In a later passage, it names "Gertrudis soror Ecberti marchionis iunioris" as wife of Heinrich, specifying that she escaped with difficulty after her husband was killed[314].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Gerdrude que erat de Bruneswich" as wife of "marchio Heinricus"[315].  Heiress of Braunschweig.  The Annales Sancti Blasii Brunsvicenses record that "Gertrudis marchionissa filia Ecberti" was the founder of "Sancti Egidii in Brunswik"[316].  The Libro Memoriarum Sancti Blasii records the death in Dec 1117 of "domina Ghertrudis marchionissa iunior"[317].  Markgraf Heinrich I & his wife had one child: 

a)         HEINRICH (posthumously [1103/04]-1123).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricum marchionem iuniorem" as son of Markgraf Heinrich II & his wife, and specifies that he is supposed to have died childless[318].  He succeeded from birth as HEINRICH II Markgraf von Meissen und der Niederlausitz, Graf von Eilenburg.  The Annales Veterocellenses record that "Henricus Lusizensis marchio" died childless in 1124 and that "neptis sue Richize imperatricis" arranged the transfer of all his properties[319]m ADELHEID von Stade, of LOTHAR UDO III Graf von Stade, Markgraf der Nordmark & his wife Irmgard von Plötzkau ([1098/1106]-).  The Annalista Saxo records "Heinricum marchionem et duas filias" as the children of Lothar-Udo & his wife[320].  The Annales Stadenses names "marchio Hinricus, putativus frater Rikencem imperatricis" as husband of the daughter of "marchio Udo [et] Ermengarda" but does not name her[321].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

5.         KONRAD (-killed in battle by the Wends).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricum marchionem de Ilburh et Conradum comitem" as sons of Dedo & his second wife, specifying that Konrad was "a paganis occisus"[322]

 

 

 

C.      MARKGRAFEN von MEISSEN 1123-1428, MARKGRAFEN der LAUSITZ 1136-1185, 1210-1288 (WETTIN)

 

 

KONRAD 1123-1156

 

KONRAD [I] von Wettin "der Grosse", son of THIMO Graf von Brehna & his wife Ida von Northeim ([1097/98]-Kloster Petersberg 5 Feb 1157, bur Kloster Petersberg).  The Annales Magdeburgenses name "Dedum comitem et Cuonradum marchionem" as the two sons of "Thiemoni comiti de Witin" and his wife Ida von Northeim[323].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Dedonem comitem et Conradum et filiam nomine Machthildem" as the children of "Thiemo comes" & his wife[324]Graf von Wettin.  Graf von Brehna und Camburg before 1116.  Graf von Eilenburg 1123.  Lothar von Süpplingenburg Duke of Saxony appointed Konrad as KONRAD Markgraf von Meissen in 1123, challenging the rights of Emperor Heinrich V, who had appointed Wiprecht von Groitsch as Markgraf[325]Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz mit Gau Nisani in 1136.  "Conradus…marchio…coniugis nostre…et filiorum nostrorum Ottonis, Heinrici, Theoderici" donated property to Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau by charter dated [end-May/early Jun] 1142[326].  Graf von Groitzsch und Rochlitz, Vogt von Kloster Chemnitz 1143.  Vogt of Naumburg cathedral.  Founder of St Peter auf dem Lauterberg (Petersberg).  He abdicated and retired to Kloster Petersberg 30 Nov 1156.  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death in 1157 of "Counradus marchio"[327].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records his death "1157 Non Feb" aged 59, specifying his burial "in medio ecclesie, in dextera ipsius uxor eius [et] soror eius Machtildis"[328]

m (before 1119) LUITGARD von Elchingen, daughter of ADALBERT Graf von Elchingen-Ravenstein & his wife Bertha --- (-Kloster Gerbstedt 19 Jun 1145, bur Kloster Gerbstedt).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Lucardis filia Alberti nobilissimi de Suevia" as wife of "Conradus comes de Witin"[329].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Lucardem filiam cuiusdam nobilissimi de Suevia nomine Alberti" as wife of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]"[330].  The Annales Magdaburgenses record the death in 1145 of "Luthgart marchionissa"[331]

Markgraf Konrad [I] & his wife had [twelve] children: 

1.         HEINRICH (-young).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Heinricum…Othonem Misnensem marchionem, Tidericum Orientalem marchionem, Dedonem comitem de Rochelitz, Heinricum comitem de Witin, Fridericum comitem de Brene" as sons of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife, specifying that Heinrich died in boyhood[332]

2.         OTTO ([1125]-18 Feb 1190, bur Kloster Altzelle).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names (in order) brothers "Othonis Misniensis marchionis, Tiderici Orientalis marchionis, Heinrici comitis de Witin, Dedonis comitis de Rochelez, Friderici comitis de Brene"[333].  He succeeded in 1156 as OTTO "der Reiche" Markgraf von Meissen, zu Colditz und Lausick. 

-        see below

3.         ODA (-2 Jun ----).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[334].  Abbess of Gerbstedt 1137. 

4.         BERTA .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[335].  Abbess of Gerbstedt 1190. 

5.         DIETRICH (-Petersberg 9 Feb 1185, bur Petersberg).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names (in order) brothers "Othonis Misniensis marchionis, Tiderici Orientalis marchionis, Heinrici comitis de Witin, Dedonis comitis de Rochelez, Friderici comitis de Brene"[336].  "Conradus…marchio…coniugis nostre…et filiorum nostrorum Ottonis, Heinrici, Theoderici" donated property to Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau by charter dated [end-May/early Jun] 1142[337]Markgraf der Niederlausitz und Graf von Eilenburg 1156.  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Heinricum…Othonem Misnensem marchionem, Tidericum Orientalem marchionem, Dedonem comitem de Rochelitz, Heinricum comitem de Witin, Fridericum comitem de Brene" as sons of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[338].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1184 V Id Feb" of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio, filius Conradi marchione defuncti"[339].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death in 1184 of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio"[340]m ([1142]) DOBRONEGA LUDGARDA of Poland, daughter of BOLESŁAW III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" Prince of Poland & his second wife Salome von Berg-Schelklingen (before 1129-after 26 Oct 1147).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "sororem Meseconis ducis Polonie, Dobernegam…que etiam Lukardis dicta est" as wife of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio"[341].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "soror…Mesoconis ducis Polonie Dobergana que et Lucardis vocabatur" as the wife of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio, filius Conradi marchione defuncti"[342]Mistress (1): (after Oct 1147) KUNIGUNDE from Bavaria, widow of BERNHARD Graf von Plötzkau, daughter of --- (-after 1185).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Conigundam comitissam viduam Bernhardi de Plozke" as "aliam [uxorem]" of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio, filius Conradi marchione defuncti"[343].  Markgraf Dietrich & his wife had two children: 

a)         KONRAD (-killed 17 Feb 1175, bur Petersberg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Conradum comitem…et filiam Gerdrudem" as children of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio" & his wife, specifying that Konrad died in a tournament in 1175[344].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records that "Conradus comes filius Tiderici marchionis" was killed "1175 XV Kal Dec" and buried "Sereno Monte"[345].  He was killed in a tournament. 

b)         GERTRUD .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Conradum comitem…et filiam Gerdrudem" as children of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio" & his wife[346].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Conradum comitum et Gerdrudem Gerbestadensem monacham" as the children of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio, filius Conradi marchione defuncti" & his wife[347].  Nun at Gerbstedt.

Markgraf Dietrich had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

c)          DIETRICH ([1148 or after]-12 Oct 1215).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Tidericum Mersenburgensem episcopum" as son of "Tidericus Orientalis marchio" and "Conigundam comitissam"[348].  Legitimated 12 May 1203.  zu Groitzsch.  Bishop of Merseburg 1204. 

6.         [GERTRUD .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife, specifying that Gertrud married "palatino Reni" and founded "ecclesiam in honore beati Theodori Bavenberg" after her husband died[349].  However, this supposed parentage of the wife of Pfalzgraf Hermann appears disproved by the charter dated 1138 under which "Heremannus palatinus comes de Stahelekke" assumed the Vogtei of Kloster Lorch, at the request of "domne Gertrudis…contoralis nostre fratrisque sui Friderici…ducis Swevie"[350]m HERMANN von Stahleck Graf von Stahleck, son of GOSWIN Graf von Stahleck & his wife Luitgard von Heimbach (-Ebrach 2 Oct 1156, bur Ebrach, transferred to Bildhausen).  He was installed in [1138] as HERMANN III Pfalzgraf von Lothringen by his brother-in-law Konrad III King of Germany, resigned in 1155.] 

7.         ADELHEID (-after 6 Dec 1172).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife, specifying that Adela married firstly "regi Danorum Suenoni" and secondly "Albertus comes Alberti marchionis filius"[351].  A 13th century genealogy names "Adelam" as daughter of "marchio Conradus" and her first husband as "regi Dacie" and her second "de Saxonia"[352]m firstly ([1152], repudiated 1153) SVEND III Erikssen "Grade" King of Denmark, son of ERIK II "Emun" King of Denmark & his wife Malmfred Mstislavna of Kiev (-murdered 23 Oct 1157).  m secondly (end 1157) ALBRECHT Graf von Ballenstedt, son of ALBRECHT "der Bär" Markgraf von Brandenburg [Ballenstedt] & his wife Sophie von Winzenburg ([1131/40]-after 6 Dec 1172). 

8.         HEINRICH [I] (before 27 Feb 1142-30 Aug 1181, bur Petersberg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Heinricum…Othonem Misnensem marchionem, Tidericum Orientalem marchionem, Dedonem comitem de Rochelitz, Heinricum comitem de Witin, Fridericum comitem de Brene" as sons of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[353].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names (in order) brothers "Othonis Misniensis marchionis, Tiderici Orientalis marchionis, Heinrici comitis de Witin, Dedonis comitis de Rochelez, Friderici comitis de Brene"[354].  "Conradus…marchio…coniugis nostre…et filiorum nostrorum Ottonis, Heinrici, Theoderici" donated property to Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau by charter dated [end-May/early Jun] 1142[355]Graf von Wettin 1156.  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death in 1181 of "Heinricum comes senior de Witin"[356]m as her first husband, SOPHIE, daughter of --- (-1189, bur Reinhardsbrunn).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Sophiam filiam cuiusdam nobilis de Austria" as wife of "Heinricus comes de Witin", specifying that she married secondly "Hermannus tunc comes palatinus Saxonie, postmodem etiam comes provincialis Thuringie"[357].  She married secondly ([1182]) as his first wife, Hermann von Thüringen Pfalzgraf of Saxony, who succeeded in 1190 as Hermann I Landgraf of Thuringia.  Graf Heinrich [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)         HEINRICH [II] (-Giebichenstein 28 Dec 1187, bur Petersberg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Heinricum comitem…et Conradum…et Ulricum comitem et Sophiam" as children of "Heinricus comes de Witin" & his wife, specifying that Heinrich died in youth in 1187[358].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1187 V Kal Ian…in castro Gevekenstein" of "Heinricus iunio comes de Witin, filius Heinrici, filii Conradi marchionis", specifying his burial "in Sereno Monte ad sinistrem patris sui"[359]Graf von Wettin

b)         KONRAD (-young, bur Petersberg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Heinricum comitem…et Conradum…et Ulricum comitem et Sophiam" as children of "Heinricus comes de Witin" & his wife, specifying that Konrad died in boyhood[360]

c)         ULRICH (-Wettin 28 Sep 1206, bur Petersberg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Heinricum comitem…et Conradum…et Ulricum comitem et Sophiam" as children of "Heinricus comes de Witin" & his wife[361].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Ulricus comes de Witin, filius Heinrici, filii marchionis Conradi senioris" when recording his death "castro Witin 1206 IV Kal Oct" and his burial "in Sereno Monte in sinistra Friderici comitis patrui sui de Brena"[362]Graf von Wettin.  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death in 1206 of "Olricus comes"[363]m firstly (1184) as her second husband, --- von Winzenburg, widow of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Schwarzburg, daughter of HERMANN [II] Graf von Winzenburg, ex-Landgraf von Sachsen & his second wife Liutgard von Stade [Nordmark] (1149-).  The Annales Stadenses refers to the three daughters of "Hermanno de Winceburg" & his wife "Lutgardis", specifying that one (unnamed) married firstly "Hinricus…comes de Svarzeburg" (recording that he was drowned in a latrine) and secondly "Olricus de Witin"[364]m secondly (before 1204) HEDWIG von Ballenstedt, daughter of BERNHARD von Ballenstedt Duke of Saxony, Graf von Aschersleben und Anhalt & his wife Judyta of Poland.  The Genealogica Wettinensis refers to the wife of "Olricus comes filius Heinrici marchionis" as "filiam Bernhardi ducis Saxonie" but does not name her[365].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "filia Bernhardi ducis Hetwige" as wife of "Ulricus comes de Witin, filius Heinrici, filii marchionis Conradi senioris"[366].  Graf Ulrich & his second wife had one child: 

i)          HEINRICH [III] ([1204/05]-25 Mar 1217, bur Petersberg).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Heinricum" as son of "Ulricus comes de Witin, filius Heinrici, filii marchionis Conradi senioris" and his wife Hedwig[367]Graf von Wettin.  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1217 VIII Kal Apr" of "Heinricus puer comes de Witin, filius Ulrici filii Heinrici filii Conrado" and his burial at "Monte Sereno", specifying that he was 12 years old[368]

d)         SOPHIE (-[1195]).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Heinricum comitem…et Conradum…et Ulricum comitem et Sophiam" as children of "Heinricus comes de Witin" & his wife, specifying that Sophie married "Burchardo Magdeburgensi burggravio"[369]m BURCHARD [IV] von Querfurt Burggraf von Magdeburg, son of BURCHARD [III] von Querfurt Burggraf von Magdeburg & his wife Mechtild von Gleichen (-Antioch 1190, bur Antioch St Paul).

9.         DEDO [V] "der Feiste" (-16 Aug 1190, bur Kloster Zschillen).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Heinricum…Othonem Misnensem marchionem, Tidericum Orientalem marchionem, Dedonem comitem de Rochelitz, Heinricum comitem de Witin, Fridericum comitem de Brene" as sons of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[370].  Graf von Groitzsch 1144. 

-        GRAFEN von GROITZSCH

10.      AGNES (-21 Jan 1203, bur Quedlinburg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[371].  The Annales Pegavienses name "Agnes soror marchionis Ottonis de Misna" when recording her appointment as Abbess of Quedlinburg in 1184[372].  Nun at Gerbstedt. 

11.      SOPHIE (-16 Apr [after 1190]).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife, naming "Gebehardo comiti de Bavaria, filio sororis Luderi imperatoris" as husband of Sophie[373].  The necrology of Michaelbeuern records the death "XVI Kal May" of "Sophia com de Burchusen"[374]m ([1144]) GEBHARD [I] Graf von Burghausen, son of SIEGHARD [X] Graf von Tengling [Sieghardinger] & his wife Ida von Süpplingenburg (-4 Dec [1163], bur Michaelsbeuern). 

12.      FRIEDRICH [I] ([27 Feb 1142/19 May 1145]-4 Jan 1191, bur Petersberg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Heinricum…Othonem Misnensem marchionem, Tidericum Orientalem marchionem, Dedonem comitem de Rochelitz, Heinricum comitem de Witin, Fridericum comitem de Brene" as sons of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[375].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names (in order) brothers "Othonis Misniensis marchionis, Tiderici Orientalis marchionis, Heinrici comitis de Witin, Dedonis comitis de Rochelez, Friderici comitis de Brene"[376].  Graf von Brehna 1156. 

-        GRAFEN von BRENA

 

 

OTTO 1156-1190, ALBRECHT 1190-1221

 

OTTO von Wettin, son of KONRAD [I] "der Grosse" Graf von Wettin, Brehna, Camburg und Eilenburg, Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz & his wife Luitgard von Elchingen ([1125]-18 Feb 1190, bur Kloster Altzelle).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Heinricum…Othonem Misnensem marchionem, Tidericum Orientalem marchionem, Dedonem comitem de Rochelitz, Heinricum comitem de Witin, Fridericum comitem de Brene" as sons of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[377].  "Conradus…marchio…coniugis nostre…et filiorum nostrorum Ottonis, Heinrici, Theoderici" donated property to Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau by charter dated [end-May/early Jun] 1142[378].  He succeeded in 1156 as OTTO "der Reiche" Markgraf von Meissen, zu Colditz und Lausick.  Founded Kloster Altzelle 1162.  Markgraf Otto was one of the signatories of the alliance of Magdeburg 12 Jul 1167, which formalised the opposition to Heinrich Duke of Saxony [Welf][379].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records that "Ludewicus comes Thuringie" captured "Othonem marchionem" in 1182 but that he was released by "Friderici imperatoris", and that Markgraf Otto's son Albrecht imprisoned his father in 1188 before being reconciled by the imperial nuncio[380].  The Annales Veterocellenses record that "Otto marchio" was captured by "Alberto filio suo" in 1189 and his death in 1190[381].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1189 XII Kal Mar" of "Otto Misnensis marchio", specifying his burial "in ecclesiam Cisterciensis Cella"[382].  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death in 1189 of "Otho marchio" and his burial "in Cella"[383]

m ([1144/47]) HEDWIG von Brandenburg, daughter of ALBRECHT "dem Bären" Markgraf von Brandenburg Herzog von Sachsen [Ballenstedt] & his wife Sophie von Winzenberg ([1124/35]-end Mar 1203, bur Kloster Altzelle).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Hetwigem filiam Alberti marchionis de Saxonis" as wife of "Otho Misnensis marchio"[384].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[385].  A 13th century genealogy refers to a daughter of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio" as wife of "marchioni de Missin"[386]

Markgraf Otto & his wife had four children: 

1.         ALBRECHT ([1158]-Krummenhennersdorf 1195, bur Altzelle).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios Albertum et Tidericum et filias Adela et Sophiam" as children of "Otho Misnensis marchio" & his wife[387].  "Adelberti filii marchionis de Misene…" witnessed the charter dated 1187 under which "secundus Otto marchio Brandenburgensis et frater eius comes Hinricus de Gardelegen" donated property to the church of Brandenberg[388].  The Annales Veterocellenses name "Alberto filio suo [=Otto marchio]" when recording that he captured his father in 1189[389].  He succeeded his father in 1190 as ALBRECHT "der Stolze" Markgraf von Meissen.  Graf von Merseburg.  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1195 VIII Kal Iul…Heinrichesdorf" of "Albertus marchio", specifying his burial "in Cella iuxta patrem suum"[390].  The Annales Veterocellenses record the deaths of "Albertus marchio Misnensis et uxor eius Sophia" within 30 days of each other in 1195[391]m (Aussig 23 Apr 1186) SOPHIE of Bohemia, daughter of FRIEDRICH Duke of Bohemia & his wife Elisabeth of Hungary (-24 May 1195, bur Altzelle).  The Genealogica Wettinensis refers to the wife of "Albertus marchio filius eius [Ottonis marchionis]" as "filiam Friderici ducis Bohemie, fratris Odacari" but does not name her[392].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Markgraf Albrecht & his wife had one child: 

a)         CHRISTINA .  The Genealogica Wettinensis refers to the daughter of "Albertus marchio filius eius [Ottonis marchionis]" as wife of "Hermanno de Lovedeburc" but does not name her[393].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  1227/51.  m HARTMANN von Lobdeburg zu Elsterberg, son of ---.  1222/37. 

2.         DIETRICH ([1162]-17 Feb 1221, bur Kloster Altzelle).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios Albertum et Tidericum et filias Adela et Sophiam" as children of "Otho Misnensis marchio" & his wife[394].  A 13th century genealogy names "Albertum, Dyetricum et Adelam filiam" as children of "[Otto] marchioni de Missin" & his wife "[filia] Alberti de Hanhalde marchionis"[395].  Herr zu Weissenfels 1190.  The Genealogica Wettinensis records that, on the death of Markgraf Albrecht in 1195, Emperor Heinrich VI took the margraviate into his personal control but that when he died in 1197 "Tidericus comes filius Othonis marchionis" occupied it, the occupation later being recognised by Philipp King of Germany[396].  He succeeded in 1197 as DIETRICH "der Bedröngte" Markgraf von MeissenMarkgraf der Lausitz, Graf von Groitzsch und Eilenburg 1210.  The Genealogica Wettinensis records that, after the death in 1210 of "Conradus marchio", "Tidericus Misnensis marchio, filius Othonis marchio" redeemed his Markgrafschaft from Emperor Otto for "quindecim milibus marcis"[397].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1220 XIII Kal Mar" of "Tidericus Misnensis et Orientalis marchio filius Ottonis filii Conradi" and his burial at "Cella iuxta patrem suum"[398].  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the death "1221 Kal Feb" of "Theodericus marchio Mysnensi maritus domina Iutte sororis domini Ludewici lantgravii"[399]m (1194) JUTTA von Thüringen zu Burg Beichlingen, daughter of HERMANN I Landgraf of Thuringia Pfalzgraf von Sachsen & his first wife Sophie "de Austria" (1183-Schleusingen 6 Aug 1235).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Iuditam" as the daughter of "Hermannus tunc comes palatinus Saxonie, postmodem etiam comes provincialis Thuringie" & his wife Sophie, naming her husband "Tiderici marchionis Misnensis et Orientalis, filii Othonis marchionis"[400].  She married secondly (Leipzig 3 Jan 1223) as his second wife, Poppo [VII] Graf von Henneberg.  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the first marriage of "filia prima Iutta" and "Theoderici marchioni Misnensi" and her second marriage to "Bopponem comitem de Hennenberg patruum comitis Bertoldi de Henneberg" as well as her son by her second marriage "Hermannum comitem de Hennenberg" who was father of "Bopponem iuniorem de Hennenberg et Bertoldum episcopum"[401], although "Hermannum" appears to be an error for "Popponem".  Markgraf Dietrich & his wife had five children: 

a)         HEDWIG (-2 Feb 1249, bur Kloster Bedburg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hethwigem et filius Othonem…Sophiam et Conradum filium…et tercium Tidericum" as children of "Tidericus comes, filius Othonis marchionis" & his wife[402].  "Theodericus Clivensis comes" donated property to Camp abbey, for the souls of "patris nostri Theoderici comitis et matris nostre Hadewigis", with the consent of "fratris nostri Theoderici dicti Luf, uxoris nostre Aleydis", by charter dated 26 Jun 1260[403].  The date of her death is confirmed by the charter dated 2 Feb 1249 (presumably O.S.) under which "Theodericus comes Clivensis" donated property to Kloster Bedburg, witnessed by "filii nostri…Theodericus senior et Theodericus Lȯf, quorum mater requiescit…"[404]m ([1226]) DIETRICH [IV] "Nust" Graf von Kleve, son of DIETRICH [III] Graf von Kleve & his wife Margareta of Holland (-[24 May] 1260).

b)         OTTO (-9 Aug before 1214).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hethwigem et filius Othonem…Sophiam et Conradum filium…et tercium Tidericum" as children of "Tidericus comes, filius Othonis marchionis" & his wife, specifying that Otto died while a boy[405]

c)         SOPHIE (-17 Mar 1280).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hethwigem et filius Othonem…Sophiam et Conradum filium…et tercium Tidericum" as children of "Tidericus comes, filius Othonis marchionis" & his wife[406].  "H[enricus] de Hennenberg…manu Sophie comitisse nostre coniugis" donated mills at Bischofrode to the church of Vessra by charter dated 30 Mar 1262[407]m HEINRICH [I] Graf von Henneberg, son of POPPO [VII] Graf von Henneberg & his first wife Elisabeth --- (-9 Apr 1262).

d)         KONRAD .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hethwigem et filius Othonem…Sophiam et Conradum filium…et tercium Tidericum" as children of "Tidericus comes, filius Othonis marchionis" & his wife, specifying that Konrad died while a boy[408].  Monk at Kloster Petersberg at Erfurt [1220].  

e)         HEINRICH ([21 May/23 Sep] 1218-1288 before 8 Feb, bur Kloster Altzelle).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hethwigem et filius Othonem…Sophiam et Conradum filium…et tercium Tidericum" as children of "Tidericus comes, filius Othonis marchionis" & his wife[409], although "tercium Tidericum" appears to be an error for "Heinricum".  He succeeded his father in 1221 as HEINRICH "der Erlauchte" Markgraf von Meissen und der Llausitz, minor until 1230.   

-        see below

Markgraf Dietrich had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

f)          DIETRICH (-22 Sep 1272).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Canon at Naumburg cathedral 1226, provost 1240.  Elected Bishop of Naumburg 1243, installed 1245. 

g)         HEINRICH (-31 Jul 1259).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Provost at Meissen cathedral 1241 to 1259. 

3.         SOPHIE .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios Albertum et Tidericum et filias Adela et Sophiam" as children of "Otho Misnensis marchio" & his wife, naming "Olrico duci Bohemie" as first husband of Sophie and "burcgravio de Regensburc" as her second husband[410]m as his second wife, ULRICH Duke of the Bohemians, son of SOBĚSLAV I UDALRICH Duke of the Bohemians & his wife Adelaida of Hungary (1134-18 Oct 1177).  m secondly HEINRICH [IV] Burggraf von Regensburg, son of HEINRICH [III] Burggraf von Regensburg & his first wife Berta of Austria [Babenberg] (-4 Jan [1185]). 

4.         ADELHEID (-Meissen 1 Feb 1211).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filios Albertum et Tidericum et filias Adela et Sophiam" as children of "Otho Misnensis marchio" & his wife, naming "Odacarus qui postea fuit dux Bohemie" as husband of Adelheid and specifying that they were separated for consanguinity[411].  A 13th century genealogy names "Albertum, Dyetricum et Adelam filiam" as children of "[Otto] marchioni de Missin" & his wife "[filia] Alberti de Hanhalde marchionis", specifying that Adela married "rex Boemie Otaker"[412]m (1187, divorced [1198/99]) as his first wife, PŘEMYSL OTAKAR of Bohemia, son of WLADISLAW II King of Bohemia & his second wife Jutta of Thuringia ([1155]-15 Dec 1230).  He succeeded in 1192 as PŘEMYSL OTAKAR I Duke of Bohemia, deposed 1193, restored 1197.  Crowned PŘEMYSL OTAKAR I King of Bohemia in 1198. 

 

 

HEINRICH 1221-1288, FRIEDRICH TUTA 1289-1291

 

HEINRICH von Wettin, son of DIETRICH "der Bedröngte" Markgraf von Meissen und der Niederlausitz [Wettin] & his wife Jutta von Thüringen ([21 May/23 Sep] 1218-1288 before 8 Feb, bur Kloster Altzelle).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hethwigem et filius Othonem…Sophiam et Conradum filium…et tercium Tidericum" as children of "Tidericus comes, filius Othonis marchionis" & his wife[413], although "tercium Tidericum" appears to be an error for "Heinricum".  He succeeded his father in 1221 as HEINRICH "der Erlauchte" Markgraf von Meissen und der Lausitz, minor until 1230.  Landgraf of Thuringia and Pfalzgraf von Sachsen 1247-1265.  He recognised Willem II Count of Holland as King of Germany and in return was acknowledged as Landgraf of Thuringia and enfeoffed with the imperial territories previously held by the late Heinrich Raspe[414].  Pfandherr des Pleissenlandes 1252. 

m firstly (1 May 1234) KONSTANZE of Austria, daughter of LEOPOLD VI Duke of Austria & his wife Theodora Angelina (-1243 before 5 Jun, bur Kloster Altzelle).  The Annales Mellicenses record the marriage in 1235 of "soror ducis Austrie" and "Marchio de Meissen"[415].  She is named "Constanciam" in the Continuatio Admuntensis[416].  The Continuatio Prædictorum Vindobonensium specifies that the marriage took place "aput Ringlinse ubi multi principes convenerant"[417]

m secondly (1244) AGNES of Bohemia, daughter of WENZEL I King of Bohemia & his wife Kunigunde von Hohenstaufen (-10 Aug 1268, bur Altzelle).  The Notæ Sanctæ Claræ name "Anna ducissa, filia regis Bohemis, coniunx ducis Henrici" when recording the death of her sister Beatrix[418], although Anna is presumably an error for Agnes.  The primary source which confirms her name and marriage has not yet been identified.  The Annales Veterocellenses record the death "1268 VI Id Oct" of "marchionissa Agnes"[419]

m thirdly (before 1273) ELISABETH von Maltitz, daughter of ULRICH von Maltitz & his wife --- (1238/9-25 Jan 1333).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

Markgraf Heinrich & his first wife had two children:

1.         ALBRECHT (1240-Erfurt 20 Nov 1314, bur Erfurt St Marien).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Annales Veterocellenses name "Albertus lantgravius et Theodericus marchio de Landesberg fratres" when recording their meeting "1263 VI Kal Nov" with "duce Alberto de Brunswik apud castrum Witin"[420].  He succeeded in 1265-1307 as Landgraf of Thuringia and Pfalzgraf von Sachsen.  He succeeded his father in 1288 as ALBRECHT II "der Entartete" Markgraf von Meissen until 1292. 

-        see below

2.         DIETRICH "der Weise" (1242-8 Feb 1285, bur Kloster Seuselitz).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Annales Veterocellenses name "Albertus lantgravius et Theodericus marchio de Landesberg fratres" when recording their meeting "1263 VI Kal Nov" with "duce Alberto de Brunswik apud castrum Witin"[421].  From 1265 im Osterland Landsberg und Groitzsch.  m ([1253/58]) HELENE von Brandenburg, daughter of JOHANN I Markgraf von Brandenburg [Askanier] & his first wife Sophie of Denmark ([before 1246]-7 Jun 1305, bur Weissenfels St Clara).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Helenam [uxor] marchio Thidericus Misnensis" as daughter of "Iohannes" and his wife Sophia[422].  Dietrich & his wife had three children: 

a)         SOPHIE ([1258/61]-24 Aug 1318).  The Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum refers to "filiam Theoderici marchionis orientalis, relictam Conradi filii Frederici" as the second wife of "Conradus Glogoviense"[423].  The Chronica principum Polonie records that "Conrado Stynnaviensi" married secondly "filiam…Theoderici marchionis orientalis, relicta quondam Conradi nepotis Fridrici imperatoris, Conradi filii"[424].  She became abbess of St Clara at Weissenfels, after her husband died.  Betrothed to KONRAD "Konradin" of Germany, son of KONRAD IV King of Germany & his wife Elisabeth von Bayern (Burg Wolfstein, Isar 25 Mar 1252-beheaded Naples, Piazza del Mercato 29 Oct 1268, bur Naples, Santa Maria del Carmino).  m ([1271/74]) as his second wife, KONRAD I Duke of Glogau, son of HEINRICH II Duke of Lower Silesia, Krakow and Greater Poland [Piast] & his wife Anna of Bohemia ([1228/31]-[6 Aug 1273/1274]). 

b)         FRIEDRICH (1269-killed Hirschstein 16 Aug 1291, bur Weissenfels St Clara).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth in 1269 of "Fridericus filius Theoderici marchionis de Landesberg"[425].  He succeeded his father in 1285 at Landsberg.  He succeeded in 1289 as FRIEDRICH "Tuta" Markgraf von Meissen.  The Annales Veterocellenses record the death "1291 XVII Kal Sep" of "Fridericus Misnensis et de Landisberg marchio"[426].  The Annales Colmarienses record the death in 1291 of "margravius de Missen, iuvenis virtuosus"[427].  He was killed while hunting.  m ([1287]) KATHARINA von Bayern, daughter of  HEINRICH I Duke of Lower Bavaria [Niederbayern] & his wife Elisabeth of Hungary (9 Jun 1267-Seilgenthal 9 Jan [1310], bur Kloster Seligenthal).  The Altahenses Annales record the birth "1267 V Id Iun" of "Elisabet ducissa Bawarie…filiam…Katerina"[428].  The Notæ Altahenses record the marriages "1277 VI Id Nov" of "filias Heinrici ducis Bavariæ Caterinam et Sophiam" with "Fridericus marchio de Lantsperch et Boppo filius comitis de Henneberch"[429].  "Katherina…quondam Friderici Misnens. orient et de Landsperg Marchionis relicta" issued a charter relating to her paternal inheritance dated 1303, which names "Ottoni et Stephano Com. Palat. Reni et Ducibus Bawarie fratribus nostris", refers to a projected marriage between "Domini Ducis…filium et Elisabeth filiam nostrum"[430].  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "V Id Jan" of "Katherina marchgraevinne von Meichsen, herzog Heinrichstochter von Beiren"[431].  Markgraf Friedrich & his wife had two children: 

i)          son (-before 1291).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

ii)         ELISABETH ([1288/91]-after 1303).  Her parentage and betrothal are confirmed by the charter dated 1303 issued by her mother "Katherina…quondam Friderici Misnens. orient et de Landsperg Marchionis relicta" relating to her paternal inheritance which refers to a projected marriage between "Domini Ducis…filium…Polko…et Elisabeth filiam nostrum"[432]Betrothed (1303) to BOLKO von Münsterberg, son of BOLKO I Duke of Jauer und Schweidnitz [Piast] & his wife Beatrix von Brandenburg ([1 Feb 1300/1301]-11 Jun 1341, bur Heinrichaw).  He succeeded as BOLKO II Duke of Münsterberg

c)         GERTRUD (-Weissenfels 17 Jan 1325, bur Weissenfels St Clara).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Nun at Weissenfels 1286.  She went insane. 

Markgraf Heinrich & his third wife had two children:

3.         FRIEDRICH "Clemm" (1273-25 Apr 1316).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth in 1273 of "Fridericus marchio de Dresden"[433].  Freiung 4 Jan 1279.  Marchio de Dresden.  The Annales Veterocellenses record the death "1316 in die Marci ewangeliste" of "Fridericus marchio de Dresden"[434]m (after 1295) as her second husband, JUTTA von Schwarzburg, widow of HEINRICH von Plauen, daughter of HEINRICH [IV] Graf von Schwarzburg zu Blankenburg & his wife Sophia of Halicz (-Kloster Ilm after 10 May 1329, bur Kloster Ilm).  The primary sources which confirm her parentage and two marriages have not yet been identified.  Markgraf Friedrich & his wife had one child: 

a)         ELISABETH (-after 2 May 1347).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Elisabeth von der…Graven Friedrichs Husfrawn von Orlamunde, Gravin tho Aschersleuen" settled a dispute with Halberstadt Cathedral by charter dated 31 May 1322[435]m firstly (before 24 Aug 1309) OTTO II Fürst von Anhalt Graf von Achersleben, son of OTTO Fürst von Anhalt, Graf von Aschersleben & his wife Hedwig von Breslau [Piast] (-[24 Aug 1315/21 Sep 1316], bur Ballenstedt).  m secondly ([30 Jan/31 May] 1322) FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Orlamünde Herr zu Weimar, Wiehe, Buch und Schönwerde, son of HERMANN [IV] Graf von Orlamünde Herr zu Weimar & his wife Mechtild von Rabenswald (-25 Aug 1365, bur Oberweimar). 

4.         HERMANN (bur Altzelle).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

ALBRECHT II 1288-1292, FRIEDRICH I 1292-1323

 

ALBRECHT von Meissen, son of HEINRICH "der Erlauchte" Markgraf von Meissen und Niederlausitz & his first wife Konstanze of Austria [Babenberg] (1240-Erfurt 20 Nov 1314, bur Erfurt St Marien).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Annales Veterocellenses name "Albertus lantgravius et Theodericus marchio de Landesberg fratres" when recording their meeting "1263 VI Kal Nov" with "duce Alberto de Brunswik apud castrum Witin"[436].  He succeeded in 1265-1307 as Landgraf of Thuringia and Pfalzgraf von Sachsen.  He succeeded his father in 1288 as ALBRECHT II "der Entartete" Markgraf von Meissen until 1292. 

m firstly ([1254/Jun 1255]) MARGARETA von Hohenstaufen, daughter of Emperor FRIEDRICH II & his third wife Isabella of England (end 1237-Frankfurt am Main 8 Aug 1270).  The Annales Veterocellenses record that "Margareta domina lantgravia Thuringie filia Friderici imperatoris" fled "die sancti Iohannes baptiste" and died "1270 VII Id Aug"[437]

m secondly KUNIGUNDE von Eisenberg, daughter of --- ([1245]-before 31 Oct 1286, bur Eisenach Katharinen Kloster).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "Konegunda de Ysenberg" as mother of Markgraf Albrecht's son Albrecht, implying that her son was born illegitimate[438]

m thirdly (before 1 Oct 1290) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Orlamünde, widow of HARTMANN von Lobdeburg-Arnshaugk, daughter of HERMANN [III] Graf von Orlamünde & his wife --- ([1270]-before 24 Mar 1333, bur Kloster Reinhardsbrunn).  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 May 1301 under which her husband "Landgraf Albrecht von Thüringen Pfalzgraf von Sachsen" confirmed a donation of property to Kloster Eisenberg, witnessed by "Heinrich Graf zu Orlamunde sein Schwager…"[439].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Nordhalben. 

Markgraf Albrecht II & his first wife had five children: 

1.         HEINRICH (21 Mar 1256-[25 Jan/23 Jul] 1282).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Herr des Pleissenlandes 1274.  m ([1271/72]) as her first husband, HEDWIG von Breslau, daughter of HEINRICH III "White" Duke of Breslau [Piast] & his wife Judyta of Mazovia [Piast] ([1252/56]-[before 14 Dec 1300]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  She married secondly ([6 May/23 Jul] 1283, dispensation Rome 18 Dec 1289) Otto I Fürst von Anhalt Graf von Aschersleben. 

a)         FRIEDRICH "ohne Land" ([1273]-after 1313).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Herr des Pleissenlandes. 

2.         FRIEDRICH (1257-Wartburg 16 Nov 1323, bur Eisenach Katharinen Kloster).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  After the execution of Konradin in 1268, the Italian Ghibellines proposed Friedrich as their new candidate for the German throne, a move which was supported by Saxony and Brandenburg[440].  Pfalzgraf von Sachsen 1281.  He succeeded in 1292 as FRIEDRICH I "der Freidige" Markgraf von Meissen.  Landgraf of Thuringia 1307.  The Annales Veterocellenses record the death in 1323 of "Fridericus marchio Misnensis"[441]m firstly (1 Jun 1285) AGNES von Görz, daughter of MEINHARD IV Graf von Görz und Tirol [later MEINHARD II Duke of Carinthia] & his wife Elisabeth von Bayern (-14 May 1293).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the marriage of "marchio Fridericus" and "filiam ducis de Tyrol"[442].  The necrology of Stams records the death "III Id Mai" of "domina Angnes marchionissa Missenensis filia fundatoris nostri"[443]m secondly (Gotha 24 Aug 1300) ELISABETH von Lobdeburg-Arnshaugk, daughter and heiress of OTTO Graf von Lobdeburg-Arnshaugk & his wife --- (1286-Gotha 22 Aug 1359, bur Eisenach Cathedralinkanerkloster).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the marriage "1300 circa festum beati Bartholomei" in Gotha in 1300 of "Fredericus marggravius" and "Elizabeth filia noverce sue et filia comitis de Arnsowe"[444].  Markgraf Friedrich I & his first wife had one child:

a)         FRIEDRICH "der Lahme" (9 May 1293-killed in battle Zwenkau 13 Jan 1315, bur Altzelle).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth "1293 VII Id Mai" of "Fridericus primogenitus domni Friderici marchionis Misniensis"[445].  The Annales Veterocellenses record that "Fridericus filius domini Friderici marchionis ante castrum Zevencow" was killed "1315 in octava epiphanio"[446]m ([8 Aug 1308]) as her first husband, ANNA von Sachsen, daughter of ALBRECHT II "Degener" Herzog von Sachsen-Wittenberg, Elector of Saxony & his wife Agnes [Gertrud] von Habsburg (-22 Nov 1327, bur Wismar).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  She married secondly (Dömitz [6 Jul 1315/6 Jan 1317], Papal dispensation Avignon 5 Sep 1318) as his second wife, Heinrich II "der Löwe" Fürst von Mecklenburg Herr von Stargard. 

Markgraf Friedrich I & his second wife had two children:

b)         ELISABETH (Wartburg 1306-Eisenach 1367 before 10 Nov).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the birth in 1306 of "Friderico marchioni filia Elizabeth in Wartperg" and her marriage to "Heinrico filio Ottonis lantgravii Hessie" in 1319[447]m ([3 Feb 1318/25 Sep 1320], divorced 1340) HEINRICH II Landgraf von Hessen, son of OTTO I Landgraf Herr von Hessen & his wife Adelheid von Ravensberg (before 1302-Kassel 3 Jun 1376, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).

c)         FRIEDRICH (Gotha 1310-Wartburg 18 Nov 1349, bur Altzelle).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1323 as FRIEDRICH II "der Ernsthafte" Markgraf von Meissen and Landgraf of Thuringia, minor until 1329.   

-        see below

3.         DIETZMANN (1260-murdered Leipzig 10 Dec 1307).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Markgraf der Niederlausitz 1290.  From 1291 im Osterland, later im Tenneburg.  The Annales Veterocellenses record the death "1307 IV Id Dec" of "lantgravius Ticemannus"[448]m (22 Jul 1295) as her first husband, JUTTA von Henneberg, daughter of BERTHOLD [VIII] Graf von Henneberg in Schleusingen & his wife Sophie von Schwarzburg ([1272]-25 Apr 1317).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  She married secondly (1308) as his second wife, Otto IV "mit dem Pfeil" Markgraf von Brandenburg

4.         MARGARETA (-after 17 Apr 1273).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

5.         AGNES (before 1264-after Sep 1332).  The Chronica Principum Brunsvicensium names "filiam Alberti lantgravii Thuringie Agnetem" as wife of "Henricus [filius Alberti]"[449].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m (1282 before 21 Jul) HEINRICH I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg, son of ALBRECHT "der Große" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg & his second wife Alessina di Monferrato ([Aug] 1267-Salzderhelden 7 Sep 1322, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).  Herzog von Braunschweig in Grubenhagen und Salzderhelden 1291. 

Markgraf Albrecht II & his second wife had two children:

6.         ALBRECHT "Apitz" (1270-[27 Jun 1301/1305], bur Eisenach Katharinen Kloster).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was legitimated in 1290, and created Herr von Tenneberg.  m (before 9 Oct 1296) --- von Frankenstein, daughter of ---. 

7.         ELISABETH (-after 28 Sep 1293).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (before 11 Apr 1291) HEINRICH [III] von Frankenstein, son of ---.  1291/97. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

FRIEDRICH II 1323-1349, FRIEDRICH III 1349-1381, FRIEDRICH IV 1381-1428

 

FRIEDRICH von Meissen, son of FRIEDRICH I "dem Freidigen" Markgraf von Meissen & his second wife Elisabeth von Lobdeburg-Arnshaugk (Gotha 1310-Wartburg 18 Nov 1349, bur Altzelle).  He succeeded his father in 1323 as FRIEDRICH II "der Ernsthafte" Markgraf von Meissen and Landgraf of Thuringia, minor until 1329.  Burggraf zu Altenburg und Leisnig 1329.  In Grafschaft Orlamünde in 1344.  In one third of Langensalza in 1346.  The Annales Veterocellenses record the death in 1349 of "dominus Frydericus marchio Mysnensis"[450]

Betrothed (1322, contract broken before May 1323) to GUTA of Bohemia, daughter of JAN King of Bohemia [Luxembourg] & his first wife Elisabeth [Eliska] of Bohemia [Přemyslid] (Prague 20 May 1315-Abbaye de Maubuisson, Saint-Ouen l'Aumône, Val-d'Oise 11 Sep 1349, bur Abbaye de Maubuisson).  The Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci) records the betrothal in 1322 of "Iohannes Rex…Gutam…filiam…minorem" and "Friderico Marchioni Misnensi"[451]

m (Nürnberg early May 1323) MECHTILD von Bayern, daughter of Emperor LUDWIG IV "der Bayer" King of Germany, Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his first wife Beatrix von Schweidnitz [Piast] (after 21 Jun 1313-Meissen 2 Jul 1346, bur Altzelle).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the marriage in 1328 in Nürnberg of "marchio Fredericus iunior" and "filis regis Romanorum Mechtildis"[452].  The Annales Veterocellenses record the death "1346…die Processi et Marthinieni" of "Mechtidis marchionissa"[453]

Markgraf Friedrich II & his wife had nine children: 

1.         ELISABETH (Wartburg 23 Nov 1329-21 Apr 1375, bur Kloster Heilsbronn)m (contract Jena 31 Aug 1350, 7 Sep 1350) FRIEDRICH von Nürnberg, son of JOHANN II Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Elisabeth von Henneberg (-21 Jan 1398, bur Heilsbronn).  He succeeded his father in 1357 as FRIEDRICH V joint Burggraf von Nürnberg, ruling jointly with his uncle Albrecht until the latter's death in 1361. 

2.         FRIEDRICH (Rochlitz 1330-6 Dec 1330, bur Meissen Cathedral). 

3.         FRIEDRICH (Dresden 14 Oct 1332-25 May 1381, bur Altzelle).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth "1332 in die Burchardi" of "Fridericus iunior filius domini Friderici marchionis Misnensis"[454].  He succeeded his father in 1349 as FRIEDRICH III "der Strenge" Joint Markgraf von Meissen and Landgraf of Thuringia, jointly with his brothers.  Pfandherr der Niederlausitz 1350/64.  From 1379, im Osterland.  m (Eisenach 1344) KATHARINA von Henneberg, daughter and heiress of HEINRICH [VI] Graf von Henneberg in Schleusigen (-Coburg 15 Jul 1397, bur Altzelle).  "Juette etwen wirtin grafen Heinrichs zu Hennenberg…und…Johans…graue zu Hennenberg" confirmed the decision of four arbitrators regarding the division of the county of Henneberg between them, naming "Jutte…unsere tohtere…Elizabet grauin von Wirtenberg, Katherin marggrafin von Missen und iungfrauwen Suefftin", by charter dated 20 Sep 1347[455].  Heiress of Coburg, Neustadt, Sonneberg, Neuhaus and Rodach.  Markgraf Friedrich III & his wife had four children: 

a)         FRIEDRICH (-[1350], bur Altzelle).  

b)         FRIEDRICH (11 Apr 1370-Altenburg 4 Jan 1428, bur Meissen Cathedral).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth "1370 in cena Domini" of "Fridericus filius Friderici marchioni Misniensis"[456].  He succeeded his father in 1381 as FRIEDRICH IV "der Streitbare" Joint Markgraf von Meissen and Landgraf of Thuringia, jointly with his brothers.  From 1382 im Osterland Landsberg.  He was installed in 1423 by the emperor as FRIEDRICH I Herzog von Sachsen, Elector of Saxony, in succession to Albrecht IV last Elector of Saxony of the Askanier family who had died in 1422. 

-        ELECTORS of SAXONY

c)         WILHELM (23 Apr 1371-30 Mar 1425, bur Meissen Cathedral).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth "1371 in die Georgi" of "Wilhelmus filius Friderici marchioni Misniensis"[457].  He succeeded his father in 1381 as WILHELM II "der Reiche" joint Markgraf von Meissen and Landgraf of Thuringia, jointly with his brothers.  From 1382, im Osterland and Landsberg.  m (16 May 1413) AMELIA of Mazovia, daughter of SIEMOWIT IV Prince of Plock and Kujavia [Piast] & his wife Aleksandra of Lithuania (1396 or 1399-after 17 May 1424). 

d)         GEORG (1380-Coburg 9 Dec 1401, bur Schulpforta).  He succeeded his father in 1381 as GEORG Joint Markgraf von Meissen and Landgraf of Thuringia, jointly with his brothers.  From 1382, im Osterland and Landsberg.

4.         BALTHASAR (Weissenfels 21 Dec 1336-Wartburg 18 May 1406, bur Reinhardsbrunn).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth "1336 in die sancti Thome apostoli" of "Balthasar filius domini Friderici marchionis Misnensis"[458].  He succeeded his father in 1349 as BALTHASAR Joint Markgraf von Meissen and Landgraf of Thuringia, jointly with his brothers.  Landgraf of Thuringia 1379.  m firstly (22 Jul 1374) MARGARETA von Nürnberg, daughter of ALBRECHT "der Schöne" joint Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Sophie von Henneberg heiress of Schmalkalden (1359-[1 May 1389/16 Aug 1391], bur Reinhardsbrunn).  Heiress of Hildburghausen Heldburg Eisfeld Ermershausen & Ummerstadt 1355.  m secondly (Sangerhausen 14 Jul 1404) as her second husband, ANNA von Sachsen, widow of FRIEDRICH Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of WENZEL Elector of Saxony [Askanier] & his wife Cecilia di Carrara (-after 18 Apr 1426, bur Reinhardsbrunn).  Markgraf Balthasar & his first wife had two children: 

a)         ANNA (1377-4 Jul 1395, bur Wittenberg)m (1396) as his first wife, RUDOLF III Herzog zu Sachsen, Elector, son of WENZEL Herzog zu Sachsen, Elector & his wife Cecilia di Carrara (-9 Jun 1419, bur Wittenberg).

b)         FRIEDRICH (before 30 Nov 1384-Weissensee 7 May 1440, bur Reinhardsbrunn).  Landgraf of Thuringia 1406.  He succeeded his uncle in 1407 as FRIEDRICH "der Friedfertige" Joint Markgraf von Meissen, jointly with his cousin.  m (1407, dispensation 15 & 18 Feb 1408) ANNA von Schwarzburg, daughter of GÜNTHER [XV] Graf von Schwarzburg & his wife --- (-Freiberg 16 Jan 1431, bur Reinhardsbrunn).

5.         BEATRIX (Wartburg 1 Sep 1339-25 Jul 1399, bur Seusslitz).  Abbess of Seusslitz.  

6.         LUDWIG (Wartburg 25 Feb 1341-burned to death Calbe 17 Feb 1382, bur Magdeburg Cathedral).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth "1340 in crastino Mathye" of "Ludevic filius domini Friderici marchionis Misnensis"[459].  Cantor at Würzburg cathedral 1357.  Bishop of Bamberg 1366-1374.  Elected Bishop of Mainz 1374.  Archbishop of Magdeburg 1381.  

7.         WILHELM (Dresden 19 Dec 1343-Grimma 10 Feb 1407, bur Meissen Cathedral).  The Annales Veterocellenses record the birth "1343 15 Kal Ian…pre vigilia Thome" of "Wilhelmus filius domini Friderici marchionis Misnensis"[460].  He succeeded his father in 1349 as WILHELM I "der Einäugige" joint Markgraf von Meissen and Landgraf of Thuringia, jointly with his brothers.  Markgraf von Meissen 1379.  m firstly (1366) ELISABETH of Moravia, daughter of JOHANN HEINRICH Markgraf of Moravia [Bohemia-Luxembourg] & his second wife Margareta von Troppau und Ratibor [Přemyslid] ([1355]-20 Nov 1400, bur Meissen Cathedral).  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon names "Katherinam…et Elizabeth" as the two daughters of "Iohanni" and his wife "Margaretham, filiam Nicolai Ducis Oppauiæ", adding that Elisabeth married "Marchioni Misnensi"[461]m secondly (before 7 May 1402) as her first husband, ANNA von Braunschweig-Göttingen, daughter of OTTO "der Quade" Herzog von Braunschweig in Göttingen & his second wife Margareta von Berg (1387-27 Oct 1426, bur Vessra).  She married secondly (1413 before 30 May) Wilhelm [I] Graf und Herr zu Henneberg-Schleusingen (-Cyprus 7 Jul 1426). 

8.         ANNA (Dresden 7 Aug 1345-after 22 Mar 1363, bur Kloster Seusslitz).  Twin with Klara.

9.         KLARA (Dresden 7 Aug 1345-, bur Seusslitz).  Twin with Anna. 

 

 

 

D.      GRAFEN von BRENA

 

 

FRIEDRICH [I] von Wettin, son of KONRAD [I] "der Grosse" Graf von Wettin, Brehna, Camburg und Eilenburg, Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz & his wife Luitgard von Elchingen ([27 Feb 1142/19 May 1145]-4 Jan 1191, bur Petersberg).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Heinricum…Othonem Misnensem marchionem, Tidericum Orientalem marchionem, Dedonem comitem de Rochelitz, Heinricum comitem de Witin, Fridericum comitem de Brene" as sons of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife[462].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names (in order) brothers "Othonis Misniensis marchionis, Tiderici Orientalis marchionis, Heinrici comitis de Witin, Dedonis comitis de Rochelez, Friderici comitis de Brene"[463].  Graf von Brehna 1156.  Zu Arnoldishagen, Trebus, Loeben, Schweinitz, Jessen, Cloeden, Prettin, Schwedt, Belzig, Zauna, Wiesenburg, Werben and Gommern.  The Genealogica Wettinensis records the death in 1181 of "Fridericus comes senior de Brene"[464], but this appears to be an error for 1191. 

m HEDWIG of Moravia, daughter of DYPOLD Duke of Moravia & his wife --- von Brandenburg [Ballenstedt] (-Kloster Brehna 19 Feb 1210, bur Kloster Brehna).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Hetwigem filiam Dipoldi cuiusdam nobilis de Boemia, qui fuit patruus Odacari ducis Bohemie" as wife of "Fridericus comes de Brene", and records her death in 1210[465].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records that "Hedwigis comitissa vidua Friderici comitis de Brene" founded "monasterium femininum in villa Brene…XVIII Kal Sep [1201]"[466].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "1210 XI Kal Mar" of "Hethwigis comitissa de Brene" and her burial at Brehna[467].  She founded Kloster Brehna after 1182. 

Graf Friedrich [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.         OTTO [I] (-23 Dec 1203, bur Kloster Brehna).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Othonem…et Fridericum comitem et filiam Sophiam" as children of "Fridericus comes de Brene" & his wife, specifying that Otto died in youth in 1203[468].  Graf von Brehna. 

2.         FRIEDRICH [II] (-Acre 16 Oct 1221).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Othonem…et Fridericum comitem et filiam Sophiam" as children of "Fridericus comes de Brene" & his wife[469].  He succeeded his brother in 1203 as Graf von Brehna.  Graf von Wettin 1217.  The Chronicon Montis Serreni records the death "Akirs" in 1221 of "Fridericus comes de Brene filius Friderici filii Conradi" specifying that he had become a Knight Templar[470]m (1181) JUDITH von Ziegenhain, daughter of FRIEDRICH von Thüringen Graf von Ziegenhain & his wife Liutgard von Ziegenhain (-7 Oct 1220).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Iuditam filiam Friderici comitis de Cigenhagin, fratris Hermanni comitis Thuringie" as wife of "Fridericus comes iunior", and records her death "1220 Non Oct"[471].  Graf Friedrich [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         HEDWIG .  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hetwigem et filios Othonem et Tidericum" as children of "Fridericus comes iunior" & his wife[472].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1242/64.  Gräfin von Altenburg, after her husband's death.  m (before 1231) DIETRICH [I] Graf von Honstein, son of ELGER Graf von Honstein & his wife Oda [von Magdeburg] (-23 Jul 1249). 

b)         OTTO [II] (-before 22 Jul 1234).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hetwigem et filios Othonem et Tidericum" as children of "Fridericus comes iunior" & his wife[473].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Ottonem et Tidericum" as the two sons of "Fridericus comes de Brene filius Friderici filii Conradi"[474].  He succeeded his father in 1221 as Graf von Brehna, minor until 1231.  

c)         DIETRICH [I] (-[1266/11 Jul 1267]).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hetwigem et filios Othonem et Tidericum" as children of "Fridericus comes iunior" & his wife[475].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Ottonem et Tidericum" as the two sons of "Fridericus comes de Brene filius Friderici filii Conradi"[476].  He succeeded his brother as Graf von Brehna.  m EUDOXIA of Mazovia, daughter of KONRAD I Prince of Mazovia [Piast] & his wife Agafia Sviatoslavna of Novgorod-Sieviersk (before 1222-after 1238).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Graf Dietrich [I] & his wife had six children: 

i)          OTTO [III] (-before 3 Jan 1292).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Wettin.  Canon at Magdeburg 1288. 

ii)         KONRAD [I] (-[1277/26 Mar 1278]).  He succeeded as Graf von Brehna.  m ([27 Apr 1261/1264]) ELISABETH von Sachsen, daughter of ALBRECHT I Duke of Saxony [Askanier] & his third wife Helene von Braunschweig (-[16 Oct 1293/2 Feb 1306]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not so far been identified.  Graf Konrad [I] & his wife had five children: 

(a)       ALBRECHT (-before 1 Apr 1284).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

(b)       KONRAD [II] (-before 14 Nov 1288).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

(c)       OTTO [IV] (-Erfurt 1290 before 28 Jun).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded as Graf von Brehna. 

(d)       DIETRICH [III] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1278. 

(e)       daughter.  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Gerbstedt.

iii)        DIETRICH [II] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

iv)       HEINRICH (-Breslau Jakobskloster 1302, bur Breslau Jacobskloster).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Canon at Magdeburg 1264.  Franciscan monk 1269.  

v)        JUTTA (-[1269/73]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ([1253/55]) as his first wife, MESTWIN [Mszczuj] von Pomerellen, son of SWANTOPOLK I Duke of Pomerellen [Pomorze] & his first wife Euphrosyne --- (-25 Dec 1294).  He succeeded his father in 1266 as MESTWIN II Duke of Pommerellen [Pomorze].  Herzog von Schwetz [Świecie]. 

vi)       HEDWIG .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Gerbstedt 1271/83.

d)         LUCARDIS .   The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Brehna 1220, bur Kloster Brehna.

3.         SOPHIE (-after 26 Sep 1235, bur Quedlinburg Stiftskirche).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Othonem…et Fridericum comitem et filiam Sophiam" as children of "Fridericus comes de Brene" & his wife, specifying that Sophie was "Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam"[477].  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names "Sophia Quiddelingenburgensis abbatissa filia Friderici comitis de Brene filii Conradi marchionis senioris"[478].  Abbess of Quedlinburg 1203-1224, and 1225. 

 

 

 



[1] Dzięcioł, Witold (1963) The Origins of Poland (Veritas, London), p. 129. 

[2] Annalista Saxo 985. 

[3] ES I.1 149. 

[4] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 

[5] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ II.4 and 9, MGH SS III, pp. 439 and 440. 

[6] Jackman, D. C. (1997) Criticism and Critique, sidelights on the Konradiner (Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research), p. 142 footnote 10. 

[7] D H I 36, p. 70. 

[8] Annalista Saxo 965. 

[9] ES I.1 10. 

[10] Jackman (1997), p. 142 footnote 10. 

[11] Annalista Saxo 965. 

[12] Birth date range estimated on the basis of the estimated birth date of his older son. 

[13] D O I 14, p. 101. 

[14] D O I 65, p. 146. 

[15] D O I 79, p. 158. 

[16] D O I 76, p. 155. 

[17] D O I 130, p. 210. 

[18] D O I 134, p. 214. 

[19] D O I 56, p. 138. 

[20] Warner, D. A. (trans.) The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg (2001) (Manchester University Press), 2.14, p. 102. 

[21] Thietmar 2.19, p. 105. 

[22] D O I 229 and D O II 3, cited in Thietmar, p. 105 footnote 87. 

[23] D O I 229, p. 313.   

[24] Heinemann, O. van (ed.) (1867) Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus (Dessau), Teil I, 36, p. 26. 

[25] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 38, p. 27. 

[26] Annalista Saxo 965. 

[27] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 

[28] Thietmar 2.19, p. 106. 

[29] Jackman (1997), p. 142 footnote 10. 

[30] D O I 40, p. 126. 

[31] Thietmar 2.19, p. 105. 

[32] Annalista Saxo 965. 

[33] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 36, p. 26. 

[34] Thietmar 7.3, p. 309. 

[35] Thietmar 7.3, p. 309. 

[36] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1171, MGH SS XXIII, p. 153. 

[37] D O I 229, p. 313.   

[38] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 36, p. 26. 

[39] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 38, p. 27. 

[40] Annalista Saxo 965. 

[41] Thietmar 2.25, p. 110. 

[42] Schölkopf, R. (1957) Die Sächsische Grafen 919-1024, Studien und Vorarbeiten zum Historischen Atlas Niedersachsens, 22 (Göttingen) p. 45, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 143 footnote 12. 

[43] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1171, MGH SS XXIII, p. 153. 

[44] D O I 1, p. 89. 

[45] D O I 14, p. 101. 

[46] D O I 56, p. 138. 

[47] Jackman, p. 143 footnote 14. 

[48] Beyer, H. (ed.) (1860) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der, jetzt die Preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden Mittelrheinischen Territorien (Coblenz), Vol. I, (“Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I”), 169, p. 233. 

[49] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1171, MGH SS XXIII, p. 153. 

[50] D O I 14, and D O I 16, pp. 101 and 103. 

[51] D O I 64, p. 145. 

[52] D O I 69, p. 149. 

[53] D O I 56, p. 138. 

[54] Thietmar 2.17, p. 104. 

[55] Annalista Saxo 965. 

[56] Thietmar 2.25, p. 110. 

[57] Schölkopf, R. (1957) Die Sächsische Grafen 919-1024, Studien und Vorarbeiten zum Historischen Atlas Niedersachsens, 22 (Göttingen) p. 45, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 143 footnote 12. 

[58] Annalista Saxo 965. 

[59] D O I 134, p. 214. 

[60] D O I 305, p. 420. 

[61] D O I 311, p. 425.   

[62] D O I 345, p. 471. 

[63] Annalista Saxo 978. 

[64] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg. 

[65] Annalista Saxo 978 and 1002. 

[66] Thietmar 4.39, p. 179. 

[67] Thietmar 7.7, p. 312. 

[68] Annalista Saxo 978 and 1002. 

[69] D H II 255, p. 293. 

[70] Thietmar 7.21 and 22, pp. 320-1, footnote 41 citing the Necrology of Merseburg which records his death on Sep 1. 

[71] Annalista Saxo 1029. 

[72] Thietmar 7.22, p. 322. 

[73] Annalista Saxo 1029. 

[74] D H II 135, p. 161. 

[75] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg. 

[76] Annalista Saxo 1029. 

[77] Annalista Saxo 1046. 

[78] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[79] Annalista Saxo 965. 

[80] Annalista Saxo 970. 

[81] Thietmar 2.24, p. 110. 

[82] Annalista Saxo 976. 

[83] Thietmar 3.4, p. 129. 

[84] Annalista Saxo 1030. 

[85] Jackman (1997), pp. 141 and 143. 

[86] D O I 232a, p. 317. 

[87] D O II 14, p. 21. 

[88] D O I 404, p. 550. 

[89] D O II 82, p. 97. 

[90] Thietmar 2.29, p. 114. 

[91] D O III 81, p. 489. 

[92] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg. 

[93] Annalista Saxo 1030. 

[94] Thietmar 4.60, p. 194. 

[95] Annalista Saxo 1030. 

[96] ES I.2 182. 

[97] Annalista Saxo 1030. 

[98] Annalista Saxo 1023. 

[99] Annalista Saxo 1023. 

[100] Annalista Saxo 1023. 

[101] Annalista Saxo 1023. 

[102] Jackman, p. 141. 

[103] Thietmar 4.74, p. 203. 

[104] Annalista Saxo 1023. 

[105] Thietmar 4.74, p. 203. 

[106] Thietmar 7.55, pp. 346-7. 

[107] Annalista Saxo 985. 

[108] Annalista Saxo 985. 

[109] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 

[110] Annalista Saxo 985. 

[111] D O III 81, p. 489. 

[112] Thietmar 7.3, p. 309. 

[113] Thietmar 4.58, p. 193. 

[114] Pertz, G. H. (ed.) (1866) Annales Poloniæ, Scriptores rerum Germanicarum in usum scholarum (Hannover), Annales Kamenzenses, p. 7.  

[115] Annalista Saxo 985. 

[116] Hlawitschka, E. (1987) Untersuchungen zu den Thronwechseln der ersten Hälfte des 11. Jahrhunderts und zur Adelsgeschichte Süddeutschlands.  Zugleich klärende Forschungen um "Kuno von Öhningen", Vorträge und Forschungen, Sonderband 35 (Sigmaringen) pp. 20-43, cited in Jackman, p. 153. 

[117] D O I 85, p. 166. 

[118] D O I 114, p. 197. 

[119] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 

[120] D O I 235, p. 322, and MGH Const. I, 10, p. 20.   

[121] D O I 366, p. 502. 

[122] D O II 89, p. 103. 

[123] ES I.1 143. 

[124] Annales Einsidlenses 982 (983), MGH SS III, p. 143. 

[125] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 

[126] Annalista Saxo 985. 

[127] D O III 81, p. 489. 

[128] Thietmar 4.39, p. 179. 

[129] Reuter, T. (1991) Germany in the early middle ages c.800-1056 (Longman), pp. 186-7.  . 

[130] Annalista Saxo 1056 and 1057. 

[131] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 

[132] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg. 

[133] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[134] Thietmar 4.39, p. 179. 

[135] Thietmar 7.7, p. 312. 

[136] Thietmar 4.39, p. 179. 

[137] Annalista Saxo 1029. 

[138] Thietmar 1.13, pp. 77-8. 

[139] Thietmar 4.40-4.42, pp. 180-1, and 6.86, p. 294. 

[140] Thietmar 6.84 and 6.85, pp. 293 and 293. 

[141] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[142] Wiponis Vita Chunradi II Imperatoris 1, MGH SS XI, p. 257. 

[143] Thietmar 6.55, p. 276. 

[144] Thietmar 4.58, p. 193. 

[145] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[146] Wiponis Vita Chunradi II Imperatoris 1, MGH SS XI, p. 257. 

[147] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[148] Wiponis Vita Chunradi II Imperatoris 1, MGH SS XI, p. 257. 

[149] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1171, MGH SS XXIII, p. 155. 

[150] Thietmar 8.1, p. 361. 

[151] Thietmar 5.18, p. 217, footnote 48 citing Görich, K. 'Eine Wende im Osten: Heinrich II und Boleslaw Chrobry', in Schneidmüller, B. and Weinfürter, S. (eds.) (1997) Otto III-Heinrich II. Eine Wende?, Mittelalter-Forschungen, Vol. I (Sigmaringen), pp. 102-3, which suggests that Gunzelin had married the sister of Emnilda, second wife of Boleslaw. 

[152] Thietmar 6.54, p. 275. 

[153] Thietmar 6.55, pp. 275-6. 

[154] Annalista Saxo 1046. 

[155] Annalista Saxo 1046. 

[156] Annalista Saxo 1038. 

[157] D H IV 187, p. 243. 

[158] Notæ Sancti Blasii, MGH SS XXIV, p. 827. 

[159] D H IV 386, p. 511. 

[160] D H IV 388, p. 513. 

[161] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[162] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[163] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[164] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[165] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[166] Haverkamp, A. (1988) Medieval Germany 1056-1273 (Oxford University Press), p. 201. 

[167] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[168] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[169] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[170] Wegener, W. (1965/67) Genealogischen Tafeln zur mitteleuropäischen Geschichte (Verlag Degener), p. 82. 

[171] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[172] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[173] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[174] Haverkamp (1988), pp. 201-2. 

[175] Haverkamp (1988), p. 175. 

[176] Haverkamp (1988), p. 202. 

[177] Haverkamp (1988), p. 202, and Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), p. 15. 

[178] Annales Pegavienses 1124, MGH SS XVI, p. 255. 

[179] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[180] Annalista Saxo 1061. 

[181] Annales Pegavienses 1090 and 1109, MGH SS XVI, pp. 242 and 248. 

[182] ES I.2 177. 

[183] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[184] Annales Pegavienses 1110, MGH SS XVI, p. 249. 

[185] Annalista Saxo 1062. 

[186] Annalista Saxo 1061. 

[187] Annales Pegavienses 1090, MGH SS XVI, p. 242. 

[188] Annalista Saxo 1103. 

[189] Annales Pegavienses 1090, MGH SS XVI, p. 242. 

[190] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[191] Canonici Wissegradensis Continuatio Cosmæ MGH SS IX, p. 134. 

[192] Annalista Saxo 1136. 

[193] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1124, MGH SS XXIII, p. 139. 

[194] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[195] Annales Pegavienses 1148, MGH SS XVI, p. 258. 

[196] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1144, MGH SS XXIII, p. 140. 

[197] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[198] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[199] Annales Pegavienses Præfatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 234. 

[200] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[201] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1152, MGH SS XXIII, p. 150. 

[202] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[203] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 451, p. 329. 

[204] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[205] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[206] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1190, MGH SS XXIII, p. 163. 

[207] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[208] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1190, MGH SS XXIII, p. 163. 

[209] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[210] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 451, p. 329. 

[211] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[212] Becker, W. (ed.) (1881) Das Necrologium der vormaligen Prämonstratenser-Abtei Arnstein an der Lahn, Annalen des Vereins Nassauische Alterthumskunde und Geschichtsforschung, Band XVI (Wiesbaden) ("Arnstein an der Lahn Necrologium"), p. 124. 

[213] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230, footnote 72 specifying that she is called "Iuditam" in a charter dated 1191. 

[214] Arnstein an der Lahn Necrologium, p. 124. 

[215] Schmitz, F. (ed.) (1908) Urkundenbücher der geistlichen Stiftungen des Niederrheins, II Abtei Heisterbach (Bonn) ("Heisterbach") 36, p. 139. 

[216] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[217] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[218] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 451, p. 329. 

[219] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[220] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[221] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[222] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 176.  

[223] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1209, MGH SS XXIII, p. 176. 

[224] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[225] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[226] Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum, MGH SS XIX, p. 562. 

[227] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1209, MGH SS XXIII, p. 176. 

[228] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[229] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[230] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1205, MGH SS XXIII, p. 172. 

[231] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[232] Cronica Principum Saxonie, MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[233] Heinemann, O. van (ed.) (1875) Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus (Dessau), Teil II, 55, p. 46. 

[234] Cronica Principum Saxonie, MGH SS XXV, p. 478. 

[235] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[236] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[237] Notæ Diessenses 1195, MGH SS XVII, p. 325. 

[238] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 313.       

[239] Thietmar 6.50, p. 272. 

[240] Annalista Saxo 1009. 

[241] Annalista Saxo 1009. 

[242] D O I 180, p. 262. 

[243] D O I 327, p. 441. 

[244] D O II 110, p. 123. 

[245] Thietmar 6.50, p. 272. 

[246] Annalista Saxo 1009. 

[247] Thietmar 6.50, p. 272. 

[248] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[249] Thietmar 6.50, p. 272. 

[250] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[251] Annalista Saxo 1009. 

[252] Thietmar 7.50, pp. 342-3. 

[253] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[254] Thietmar 7.50, pp. 342-3. 

[255] Thietmar 7.50, pp. 342-3. 

[256] Thietmar 7.50, pp. 342-3. 

[257] Annalista Saxo 1010. 

[258] Thietmar 7.50, pp. 342-3. 

[259] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1171, MGH SS XXIII, p. 155. 

[260] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[261] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[262] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[263] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[264] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228.   

[265] D H IV 409, p. 541. 

[266] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228.   

[267] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228.   

[268] Brunonis Liber de Bello Saxonico 99, MGH SS V, p. 368. 

[269] Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus, Teil I, 354, p. 266. 

[270] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228.   

[271] D H IV 400, p. 528. 

[272] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228.   

[273] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228.   

[274] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[275] Annalista Saxo 1056. 

[276] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228.   

[277] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228.   

[278] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 227 and 228. 

[279] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 227 and 228. 

[280] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[281] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1171, MGH SS XXIII, p. 155. 

[282] Annales Stadenses 1105, MGH SS XVI, p. 318. 

[283] Annales Magdeburgenses 1110 5, MGH SS XVI, p. 181. 

[284] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[285] Annales Magdeburgenses 1110 5, MGH SS XVI, p. 181. 

[286] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[287] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[288] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1124, MGH SS XXIII, p. 139. 

[289] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[290] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[291] Annales Pegavienses 1148, MGH SS XVI, p. 258. 

[292] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1144, MGH SS XXIII, p. 140. 

[293] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[294] Annales Magdeburgenses 1110 5, MGH SS XVI, p. 181. 

[295] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[296] Gesta Archiepiscoporum Magdeburgensium Continuatio Prima 29, MGH SS XIV, p. 416. 

[297] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[298] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[299] Annalista Saxo 1046. 

[300] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[301] Annalista Saxo 1062 and 1070. 

[302] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[303] D H IV 91, p. 118. 

[304] Annalista Saxo 1070. 

[305] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[306] Annales Gotwicenses 1071, MGH SS IX, p. 601. 

[307] Necrologium Mellicense Antiquissimum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 522. 

[308] Monumenta Necrologica Claustroneoburgensis, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 3. 

[309] Annalista Saxo 1043. 

[310] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[311] Chronicon Gozecense I.2, MGH SS X, p. 142. 

[312] Annalista Saxo 1070. 

[313] Annalista Saxo 1056. 

[314] Annalista Saxo 1100. 

[315] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[316] Annales Sancti Blasii Brunsvicenses 1117, MGH SS XXIV, p. 824. 

[317] Libro Memoriarum Sancti Blasii, MGH SS XXIV, p. 825. 

[318] Annalista Saxo 1103. 

[319] Annales Veterocellenses 1124, MGH SS XVI, p. 42. 

[320] Annalista Saxo 1049. 

[321] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 326.  

[322] Annalista Saxo 1070. 

[323] Annales Magdeburgenses 1110 5, MGH SS XVI, p. 181. 

[324] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227. 

[325] Fuhrmann, H., trans. Reuter, T. (1995) Germany in the high middle ages c.1050-1200 (Cambridge University Press), p. 122, and Jordan (1986), p. 15. 

[326] Hertel, G. (ed.) (1878) Urkundenbuch des Klosters unser lieben Frauen zu Magdeburg, Geschichtsquellen der Provinz Sachsen, Band X (Halle) ("Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau"), 10, p. 10. 

[327] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1157, MGH SS XVI, p. 21. 

[328] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1157, MGH SS XXIII, p. 150. 

[329] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1125, MGH SS XXIII, p. 139. 

[330] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[331] Annales Magdaburgenses 8, 1145, MGH SS XVI, p. 187. 

[332] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[333] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1152, MGH SS XXIII, p. 150. 

[334] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[335] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[336] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1152, MGH SS XXIII, p. 150. 

[337] Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau, 10, p. 10. 

[338] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[339] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1184, MGH SS XXIII, p. 159. 

[340] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[341] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[342] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1184, MGH SS XXIII, p. 159. 

[343] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1184, MGH SS XXIII, p. 159. 

[344] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[345] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1175, MGH SS XXIII, p. 155. 

[346] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[347] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1184, MGH SS XXIII, p. 159. 

[348] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1184, MGH SS XXIII, p. 159. 

[349] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228, footnote 38 specifying that her husband was "Hermanno de Stahleck". 

[350] Wirtembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band III (Stuttgart, 1871) ("Württembergisches Urkundenbuch"), Nachtrag, 6, p. 466. 

[351] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[352] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[353] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[354] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1152, MGH SS XXIII, p. 150. 

[355] Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau, 10, p. 10. 

[356] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[357] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230, footnote 76 stating that this is an error as the wife of Heinrich was "Sophia…filia Friderici comitis palatini de Sommerschenburg" although no primary source is cited for this statement. 

[358] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[359] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1187, MGH SS XXIII, p. 160. 

[360] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[361] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[362] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1206, MGH SS XXIII, p. 173. 

[363] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[364] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 327.  

[365] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[366] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1206, MGH SS XXIII, p. 173. 

[367] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1206, MGH SS XXIII, p. 173. 

[368] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 190. 

[369] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[370] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[371] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[372] Annales Pegavienses 1184, MGH SS XVI, p. 265. 

[373] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[374] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212. 

[375] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[376] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1152, MGH SS XXIII, p. 150. 

[377] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[378] Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau, 10, p. 10. 

[379] Jordan (1986), p. 102. 

[380] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[381] Annales Veterocellenses 1189 and 1190, MGH SS XVI, p. 43. 

[382] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1189, MGH SS XXIII, p. 161. 

[383] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[384] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[385] Cronica Principum Saxonie, MGH SS XXV, p. 477. 

[386] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[387] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[388] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 8, XXVIII, p. 185. 

[389] Annales Veterocellenses 1189, MGH SS XVI, p. 43. 

[390] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1195, MGH SS XXIII, p. 166. 

[391] Annales Veterocellenses 1195, MGH SS XVI, p. 43. 

[392] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[393] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[394] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[395] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[396] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[397] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[398] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1220, MGH SS XXIII, p. 198. 

[399] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1221, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 596. 

[400] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[401] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1200, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 563. 

[402] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[403] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Tome II, 492, p. 276. 

[404] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Tome II, 356, p. 187. 

[405] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[406] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[407] Schöppach, K. (ed.) (1842) Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch, I Theil (Meiningen) ("Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch Theil I"), XXXVII, p. 27. 

[408] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[409] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229.  

[410] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229, footnote 48 specifying that her second husband was "Heinrico IV". 

[411] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[412] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78. 

[413] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 229. 

[414] Bayley, C. C. (1949) The Formation of the German College of Electors in the mid-Thirteenth Century (Toronto), p. 40. 

[415] Annales Mellicenses 1235, MGH SS IX, p. 508.  

[416] Continuatio Admuntensis 1234, MGH SS IX, p. 593. 

[417] Continuatio Prædictorum Vindobonensium 1234, MGH SS, p. 727. 

[418] Notæ Monialium Sanctæ Claræ Wratislaviensium, MGH SS XIX, p. 534. 

[419] Annales Veterocellenses 1268, MGH SS XVI, p. 43. 

[420] Annales Veterocellenses 1263, MGH SS XVI, p. 43. 

[421] Annales Veterocellenses 1263, MGH SS XVI, p. 43. 

[422] Cronica Principum Saxonie, MGH SS XXV, p. 479. 

[423] Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum, MGH SS XIX, p. 568. 

[424] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 109-10. 

[425] Annales Veterocellenses 1269, MGH SS XVI, p. 43. 

[426] Annales Veterocellenses 1291, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[427] Annales Colmarienses Maiores 1291, MGH SS XVII, p. 218. 

[428] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1267, MGH SS XVII, p. 406. 

[429] Notæ Altahenses 1277, MGH SS XVII, p. 422. 

[430] Monumenta Garsensia, Codex Epistolaris XIV, Monumenta Boica Vol. I, p. 84. 

[431] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 

[432] Monumenta Garsensia, Codex Epistolaris XIV, Monumenta Boica Vol. I, p. 84. 

[433] Annales Veterocellenses 1273, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[434] Annales Veterocellenses 1316, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[435] Reitzenstein, C. von (1871) Regesten der Grafen von Orlamünde (Bayreuth) ("Orlamünde Regesten"), p. 136. 

[436] Annales Veterocellenses 1263, MGH SS XVI, p. 43. 

[437] Annales Veterocellenses 1270, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[438] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1283, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 635. 

[439] Orlamünde Regesten, p. 115. 

[440] Bayley (1949), pp. 193-4. 

[441] Annales Veterocellenses 1323, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[442] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1281, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 631. 

[443] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 

[444] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1283, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 635. 

[445] Annales Veterocellenses 1273, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[446] Annales Veterocellenses 1315, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[447] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1306 and 1319, MGH SS XXX.1, pp. 647 and 652. 

[448] Annales Veterocellenses 1307, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[449] Chronica Principum Brunsvicensium 13, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 27. 

[450] Annales Veterocellenses 1349, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[451] Chronica Pragensis (Chronicon Francisci), Liber II, Caput IX, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 131. 

[452] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1328, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 653. 

[453] Annales Veterocellenses 1346, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[454] Annales Veterocellenses 1332, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[455] Bechstein, L. & Brückner, G. (eds.) (1847) Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch, II Theil (Meiningen) ("Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch, Theil II"), CXVI, p. 73. 

[456] Annales Veterocellenses 1370, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[457] Annales Veterocellenses 1370, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[458] Annales Veterocellenses 1336, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[459] Annales Veterocellenses 1340, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[460] Annales Veterocellenses 1336, MGH SS XVI, p. 44. 

[461] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 355. 

[462] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228. 

[463] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1152, MGH SS XXIII, p. 150. 

[464] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[465] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[466] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1201, MGH SS XXIII, p. 168. 

[467] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 178. 

[468] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[469] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[470] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1221, MGH SS XXIII, p. 199. 

[471] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[472] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[473] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[474] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1221, MGH SS XXIII, p. 199. 

[475] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[476] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1221, MGH SS XXIII, p. 199. 

[477] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[478] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1224, MGH SS XXIII, p. 211.