NAVARRE, nobility

  v3.0 Updated 18 June 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                9th-12th CENTURY NAVARRESE NOBILITY. 10

A.         NAVARRESE NOBILITY (8th and EARLY 9th CENTURIES) 10

B.         NAVARRESE NOBILITY (LATER 9th and EARLY 10th CENTURIES) 10

C.        NAVARRESE NOBILITY (LATER 10th CENTURY) 31

D.        NAVARRESE NOBILITY (EARLY 11th CENTURY) 63

E.         NAVARRESE NOBILITY (LATER 11th and 12th CENTURIES) 193

Chapter 2.                ENRÍQUEZ de LACARRA. 201

Chapter 3.                CONDES de LERÍN (BEAUMONT) 202

Chapter 4.                VIZCONDES de MURUZÁBAL, MARQUESES de CORTES. 207

Chapter 5.                SEÑORES de PERALTA. 212

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document sets out the nobility in the kingdom of Navar re from the 8th to 15th centuries, including the nobles in Álava and Guipúzcoa which were under the jurisdiction of the kings of Navarre until the late 11th century.  Reconstruction of the families of Navarrese nobility in presents considerable difficulties.  It has also not been easy to decide the optimum way of presenting research results, as the territorial approach used in other documents in Medieval Lands is not best suited to Navarre for reasons which will be discussed in more detail below.  This document is divided into four chapters.  Chapter 1 presents the results of a detailed study of the families of Navarrese nobles between the 9th and 12th centuries.  Chapters 2, 3 and 4 set out some of the illegitimate descendants of the kings of Navarre (of the dynasty of the counts of Champagne) who were prominent Navarrese noblemen in the 14th and 15th centuries.  The information on these illegitimate lines has been included for completeness, compiled from secondary sources.  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of those families have not yet been identified. 

 

Chapter 1, showing the 9th to 12th century nobles in Navarre, is divided into five parts chronologically.  These list the earliest known ancestors of each family group, alphabetically, born in the 8th and early 9th centuries, the later 9th and early 10th centuries, the later 10th century, the early 11th century, and the later 11th and 12th centuries.  This division has been decided to facilitate regrouping of the families as and when further information is found in other primary sources.  The information used in compiling Chapter 1 has been extracted mainly from the cartularies of the monasteries of Albelda[1], Irache[2], Leire[3], Santa María la Real de Nájera[4], San Andrés de Fanlo[5], San Juan de la Peña[6], San Millán de la Cogolla[7] and Siresa[8], and of the cathedral of Santa María in Pamplona[9].  As a first stage, the extraction process has concentrated mainly on the 9th to 12th centuries. 

 

It appears from these sources that the nobility in Navarre during this period was a largely homogeneous, self-contained group.  Few examples have been found of nobles from the neighbouring kingdoms of Asturias, León, Aragon and Castile who migrated into, and established themselves in, the kingdom of Navarre.  In addition, few records have been found which indicate marriages between the Navarrese nobility and the aristocracy in the other Iberian kingdoms or in the neighbouring counties in southern France.  Given this situation, it would be expected that aristocratic power in Navarre, at the level immediately below the king, would be shared among a small group of closely inter-related families.  This would be consistent with the situation during the same period in other nearby areas such as Catalonia, Gascony and Toulouse, in each of which the number of comital families stabilised throughout the early and middle medieval period at no more than ten or so.  However, Navarrese sources unexpectedly appear to show Navarre as a completely different case.  As can be seen in Chapter 1, over one hundred Navarrese noble family groupings have been reconstructed based on information provided by the sources consulted.  It is certain that many of these families could be consolidated further if available information on family relationships was more comprehensive.  Nevertheless, it is doubted whether such further distillation would reduce the number to anything like the maximum of ten observed in the neighbouring territories.  The fundamental question is whether the situation in Navarre was truly different from its neighbours, and if so why, or whether the research results are misleading because of the nature of the difficulties presented by the source material. 

 

There are basically three difficulties with the primary sources.  Firstly, the inordinate number of different individuals with the same name/patronymic combinations who are named in the documents.  Secondly, the number of different places which are linked as “señoríos” to different named “señores”.  Thirdly, the absence of substantive information about the careers of the individuals named.  Each of these problems will be discussed in turn. 

 

Let us consider first the difficulties which result from the duplication of name/patronymic combinations.  During the course of researching the nobility in Navarre, more than 1500 name references have been extracted from the cartularies referred to above.  The information was entered into an Excel spreadsheet to facilitate data manipulation.  The references fall into four main categories: individuals who donated property to religious establishments, those who were invested with property-holdings by the Navarrese monarchs, nobles who were recorded in the dating clauses of the charters as governing locally in different parts of the kingdom, and the names of subscribers (witnesses, guarantors, confirmants) to the documents.  Names typical of the nobility in Navarre are Aznar (108 entries extracted), Fortún (306), García (142), Íñigo (99), Jimeno (139), Lope (132), and Sancho (152).  With the help of the spreadsheet, each name/patronymic combination was grouped.  For example, in the case of Aznar: Aznar Aznárez (2 entries), Aznar Fortúnez (51), Aznar García (12), Aznar Iñíguez (1), Aznar Jiménez (1), Aznar López (1), and Aznar Sánchez (31).  Individual persons were then identified from these name combinations with the help of other information included in the charters, for example property-holdings and family relationships.  The task is not as impossible as it sounds as, with the further information available, some of the references can be grouped easily.  For example, 26 of the 51 entries for Aznar Fortúnez can definitely be identified as the person of this name who was recorded as Señor de Huarte between 1024 and 1058, and a further 11 entries can probably be linked to him.  There are also some unusual names which occur in much smaller numbers and which help the identification process: Aurelio (16), Galindo (23), Ochoa[10] (1), and Vela (7).  Nevertheless, there are some especially difficult name/patronymic combinations, for example out of the 85 references to the combination “Sancho Fortúnez”, a maximum of seventeen different individuals appear to be identifiable, although in this case further grouping is suspected which cannot be proved beyond doubt on the basis of the available information.  The number can be further reduced by eliminating individuals who appear not to have been “first-tier” nobility.  These are identified mainly when other persons named in the same document are not named in other documents, although the infrequent use of titles (discussed further below) makes it difficult to identify such individuals with certainty.  The different steps in this analysis process narrow the number of individuals to a more manageable number.  However, it still remains much higher than the numbers in neighbouring territories. 

 

The second difficulty with the source material relates to the number of different “señoríos” which are linked in the charters to different noblemen.  Out of the 1500 entries extracted, about 650 include a link between the individual named and a specific property or territory.  The difficulty is that more than 200 different property names are mentioned in this way, many of them only once or twice.  These territories cannot be considered as “counties” in the same way in which the term was used, for example, in neighbouring Catalonia or in France.  Not only are they too numerous, and therefore not geographically extensive enough to constitute the domaine of first tier of nobility, but also the way in which the title “conde” was accorded by the Iberian monarchs militates against it.  This is best illustrated by two examples involving Viguera, a small town south of Logroño in southern Navarre: “conde Flaín Vermúdez in Viguera” who is named in a charter dated 943, and “señor Fortún Ochoa in Viguera” named between 1013 and 1050.  The former entry is taken to mean that the nobleman named Flaín had been granted the title “conde” by the king and that, independently, he was also granted land in Viguera, which he governed.  It is not known how much of the town and surrounding area were included in the grant.  If the title was withdrawn for any reason, Flaín would continue to govern his land in Viguera (and, in this hypothesis, be called “señor Flaín in Viguera” in documents) unless and until it was also confiscated.  Similarly, if the king granted another property to Flaín instead of Viguera, he would continue to use the title (unless it too was withdrawn) and would be called “conde Flaín” in relation to the other territory.  The second example of Señor Fortún Ochoa demonstrates clearly that Viguera did not become a county just because a previous local governor bore the comital title, although it is not known whether the land held by Fortún was co-extensive with what had previously been held by Flaín.  Only fifteen individuals have been identified in Navarre with the title conde between the late 9th century and early 12th century.  There is also one nobleman with the title “duke”: Fortún Galíndez Señor de Nájera who is recorded with this title between 952 and 972[11], although it is uncertain why it was accorded to him. 

 

It appears from some of the charters sampled that territories sometimes passed within the same family, although not always in the male line and not consistently following rules of primogeniture.  Some pattern of inheritance of territories is observable particularly in relation to the 9th and 10th centuries, but thereafter the picture that develops is a constantly moving one of territories being granted by the king, regranted, exchanged, grouped and regrouped, presumably in reward for services rendered by different nobles at different times, as well as some territories being donated to religious establishments from time to time.  Inheritance can therefore never be assumed within the same family, unless other information in the documentation points to this being the case.  This means that if, for example, a noble named Sancho Fortúnez is named in one territory and a few years later another noble named Fortún Sánchez is recorded in the same place, it cannot automatically be assumed that the second was the son of the first.  It also means that if Sancho Fortúnez is recorded for a few years as señor of one place and another Sancho Fortúnez is recorded later as señor of another place, it cannot be assumed that this refers to two different individuals.  Nevertheless, many examples of individual nobles holding several different señoríos simultaneously in different parts of the kingdom can be observed.  It is likely (although this cannot be proved from the documentary evidence) that one noble would be linked in a document to a particular señorío because, for example, its location is local to the property which is the subject-matter of that document, and that the same individual would be linked to another señorío in another charter which relates to land in another part of the kingdom.  This hypothesis can be confirmed in a small number of cases which name a señor in relation to two different señoríos in one document, although there must be many other examples which cannot be confirmed of one noble holding several señoríos at the same time.  Numerous examples of these difficulties can be observed in the reconstructions set out in Chapter 1. 

 

The third difficulty is the comparative absence from the charters of any substantive information about the careers of the individuals named.  This is of course not a problem which is unique to Navarre.  However, in other territories in medieval Europe the charter information is often supplemented by chronicles which provide further details to help in family reconstruction.  In Navarre, the resulting difficulty is the impossibility of assessing the number of first-tier nobles living at any particular moment in time, and therefore deciding the potential scope for further consolidation of the long lists of individuals who are named in the present document. 

 

It is clear from this discussion that the available primary source material presents considerable obstacles in the way of successful reconstruction of the noble families in early medieval Navarre.  However, these difficulties do not entirely explain the considerable differences in the structure of the aristocracy of Navarre compared to its neighbours.  The main differences are the apparent lack of different levels of nobility in Navarre, and the small size of the individual landholdings which were awarded to each nobleman. 

 

Some of the difficulties discussed above can be demonstrated by a chronological listing of señores linked to particular señoríos.  In the following table, the lords in Funes and in Nájera are shown by way of example:

 

Funes

1011

1032

Fortún Velásquez

 

Funes

1020

1020

Íñigo ---

 

Funes

1033

1044

García Fortúnez

 

Funes

1048

1049

Sancho Fortúnez

 

Funes

1040

1076

Fortún Aznárez

also held Arriezo, [Deio], Petralta

Funes

1068

1074

Fortún García

also held [Marañón], [Punicastro]

Funes

1078

1084

Fortún Iñíguez

also held Galipienzo, Utzama

Funes

1087

1091

Aznar García

 

Funes

1108

1119

Aznar Aznárez

also held San Estebán de Gormaz, Sangüesa, Tudela

 

 

 

 

 

Nájera

924

972

Fortún Galíndez

 

Nájera

[970s]

[970s]

Lope González

 

Nájera

1011

1020

Íñigo Sánchez

 

Nájera

1013

1035

“Buen padre”

 

Nájera

1035

1053

Fortún Sánchez

also held Petralta

Nájera

1043

1051

Jimeno García

 

Nájera

1050

1059

Sancho Fortúnez

also held Pontecurbo

Nájera

1060

1063

Lope Fortúnez

also held Calahorra

Nájera

1063

1075

García Lihuárez

also held Formella, Aibar

Nájera

1064

1074

Íñigo López

also held Vizcaya

Nájera

1066

1066

Fernando Fernández

 

Nájera

1067

1076

Sancho Fernández

 

Nájera

1077

1082

Martín Sánchez

 

Nájera

1077

1101

García Ordóñez

also held Grañón

Nájera

1079

1087

Pedro Yáñez

 

Nájera

1079

1080

Lope García

also held Ahoyz, Izalzu

Nájera

1114

1133

Fortún García Cajal

 

Nájera

1133

1134

Lope Cajal

 

 

 

The following are the señoríos which are named most frequently in the charters.  As will be seen, today some of these are only small villages and appear unlikely candidates for regional power. 

 

1.         Álava.  In present-day Spain, Álava is one of the provinces in the Basque autonomous region.  In the mid-9th century, it was under the suzerainty of the kings of Asturias and later possibly the counts of Castile.  It appears to have transferred to Navarrese control some time in the mid-10th century.  The connections with Navarre are reflected in the number of marriages between the royal family and the nobles who ruled Álava.  From the early 1100s, Álava was a señorío, awarded first by Urraca Queen of Castile and later by the kings of Navarre. 

2.         Arlas.  Today a small village on the bank of the river Arga located mid-way between Falces and Peralta, north-east of the town of Calahorra in the Ribera area of southern Navarre.  Arlas is recorded in 11th century charters as one of the regions of Navarre controlled by a “dominator”. 

3.         Calahorra.  

4.         Echauri.  A small town less than 10 km due west of Pamplona. 

5.         Funes.  A village due south of Peralta, less than 5 km east of Calahorra. 

6.         Huarte.  A small town due east of Pamplona. 

7.         Leguín. 

8.         Marañón. 

9.         Nájera.  Sancho I King of Navarre, allied with Ordoño II King of León, conquered the district of Nájera, around Logroño to the south west of Navarre, between 918 and 923[12].  Although Nájera lies outside the current boundaries of the province of Navarre in today´s Spain, the primary sources demonstrate that in the 10th and 11th centuries it was within the Navarrese sphere of influence.  The names of the nobles who held the señorío of Nájera suggest that they were mainly of Navarrese rather than Castilian origin.  The importance of the señorío of Nájera in the mid-11th century is emphasised by the inclusion of the name of the "Senior…in Nazera" in the dating clause of numerous Navarrese charters, the only noble whose name is included after the king.  From 1072 to 1081, the dating clause of the documents, specifically those which are included in the collection of Valbanera charters, changes to specify the king's name as "…rex in Pampilona et in Nayera"[13], apparently indicating an increase in the status of Nájera, possibly as an autonomous region within the kingdom of Navarre.  The transfer of jurisdiction to Castile must have taken place in 1081, from which time the kings of Castile awarded Nájera to nobles in several different families, including García Ordóñez of the Aza family (in 1081, and between 1085 and 1101, see the document ASTURIAS, GALICIA, LEÓN NOBILITY), and Diego López Señor Soberano de Vizcaya (in 1110, see VIZCAYA).  Even after that time the territory appears to have retained some special status, as Alfonso VI King of Castile is referred to in the later Valbanera charters as "…rex in Legione et in Castella et in Nagara"[14]

10.      Navascués.  A small town in eastern Navarra along the river Salazar, in the sierra de Leire. 

11.      Peralta.  A small town midway between Falces and Funes in southern Navarre, near the town of Calahorra. 

12.      Pontecurbo. 

13.      Punicastro.  Later known as Municastro, located in the valle de Aguilar, south of Marañón. 

14.      San Estebán.  San Estebán de Deyo.  A charter dated 1045 records the donation by García V King of Navarre of the monastery of Santa María de Yarte to Irache monastery in exchange for the castle of San Estebán[15]

15.      Sos and Uncastello.  Two tenencias in the south-west of Navarre, later part of the kingdom of Aragon[16]

16.      Tafalla.  A small town in southern Navarre, about half way between Pamplona and Calahorra. 

17.      Tobia. 

18.      Viguera.  Town in the present-day Spanish province of Logroño. 

 

The royal court in Pamplona was staffed by nobles who filled official administrative positions similar to those in the kingdoms of Asturias and León, and later Castile.  These officials regularly witnessed charters during the 11th century, alongside the other noblemen in the kingdom.  It appears that, until the last quarter of the 11th century, the court positions were filled by younger members of noble families who later graduated to señorío status.  There appear to have been frequent changes in appointments.  Towards the end of the 11th century, the documentation shows that office-holders retained their positions for longer, although the sources do not reveal sufficient information to decide whether the appointments were from that time made for life.  The names of the following offices and office-holders (all of whom are identified in more detail in Chapter 1) have been found in the charters.  The first date in the tables below is the date of the charter in which the office-holder is first mentioned, the second date the last date he is named.   

 

1.       Maior domus.  The name suggests that the office-holder was the most senior of the officials at court, in charge of all aspects of the royal household.  As can be seen, there are long gaps between 959 and 992, and between 996 and 1011, when no office-holder is named in the charters, although presumably this is because insufficient documentation has survived to the present-day to present a complete picture.  There are also several cases where individuals overlap in their holding of this office at the Navarrese court, which suggests some sort of rotation of the office among the various court officials.  One example is found where the maior domus is also named as botecarius at the same time. 

 

Maior domus

952

959

Gómez Auréliez

 

Maior domus

992

992

Gómez ---

 

Maior domus

996

996

García Sánchez

 

Maior domus

1011

1024

Lope Sánchez

 

Maior domus

1015

1015

Lope López

 

Maior domus

1018

1033

Gómez Sánchez

 

Maior domus

1040

1042

Álvaro Fortúnez

 

Maior domus

1042

1042

Galindo Iñíguez

called maior quoquorum in 1042

Maior domus

1047

1047

Fortún Velásquez

 

Maior domus

1054

1060

Jimeno Manciónez

 

Maior domus

1056

1066

Íñigo Sánchez

 

Maior domus

1063

1064

García Iñíguez

 

Maior domus

1071

1073

García Fortúnez

 

Maior domus

1072

1076

Lope Velásquez

also botecarius in 1072

Maior domus

1078

1087

Velasco García

 

 

2.       Pincerna.  This presumably indicates the official who is in charge of service at the royal table.  As can be seen below, alternative names architriclinus and propinator were also used in the documentation, but these appear to have the same meaning.  It is assumed that the pincerna was subordinate to the maior domus.  The fact that they were different positions is shown by the charter dated 1071 which is signed by two persons of the same name who held the two different offices.  As in the case of the maior domus, overlaps can be seen in the dates when different persons are recorded with this office. 

 

Pincerna

956

956

Fortun Jiménez

 

Pincerna

997

997

Sancho Fortúnez

called architriclinus

Pincerna

1018

1031

Aurelio Sánchez

called architriclinus

Pincerna

1024

1024

García Sánchez

called architriclinus

Pincerna

1040

1040

Galindo López

 

Pincerna

1042

1042

Íñigo López

called architriclinus

Pincerna

1063

1066

Fortun Iñíguez

 

Pincerna

1063

1063

Lope Iñíguez

 

Pincerna

1068

1072

Sancho Aznárez

also called propinator in 1072

Pincerna

1071

1071

García Fortúnez

different person from García Fortúnez maior domus who signed the same charter

 

3.       Botellarius.  The name (and its variant botecarius) suggests the person in charge of the cellars and wines, presumably also subordinate to the maior domus.  No overlap in office-holders is observed in the dates, but as will be seen in Chapter 1 the same person appears to have held the offices botellarius and pincerna at different times, which also supports the hypothesis about rotation of positions at court.  One example is found where the botecarius is also named as maior domus at the same time. 

 

Botellarius

1011

1020

Lope Iñíguez

 

Botellarius

1015

1015

Aznar Fortúnez

 

Botellarius

1033

1033

Sancho Jiménez

 

Botellarius

1040

1040

Jimeno Sánchez

 

Botellarius

1056

1064

Velasco García

 

Botellarius

1066

1072

Lope Muñoz

 

Botellarius

1072

1072

Lope Velásquez

also maior domus in 1072

Botellarius

1078

1087

Sancho Sánchez

 

 

4.       Armiger.  The name “armiger” implies duties concerned with the protection of the king and the maintenance of the armoury.  As can be seen in the table below, the terms alferiz, armentarius, fertorarius, inferartis and offertor were also used in the documentation, four of which include the root “fer-“ in the word which suggests a connection with iron weaponry.  This is the office for which the most frequent turnover can be observed in the documentation.  It is also the only office for which two individuals are named in the same charter at the same time (Fortún Jiménez and Orti Ortiz, called inferartes in 1043). 

 

Armiger

959

959

Fortun Jiménez

 

Armiger

1030

1030

Galindo Gómez

called armentarius

Armiger

1043

1043

Fortún Jiménez

called inferartis

Armiger

1043

1043

Orti Ortiz

called inferartis

Armiger

1044

1044

Galindo López

called offertor

Armiger

1058

1058

Lope García

called alferiz

Armiger

1060

1060

Lope García

 

Armiger

1062

1064

Jimeno García

 

Armiger

1063

1063

Fortun Iñíguez

called fertorarius

Armiger

1063

1064

Lope Iñíguez

called fertorarius

Armiger

1063

1063

Fortún Iñíguez

called fertorarius

Armiger

1065

1071

García Fortúnez

called offertor, also called fertorarius in 1068 and tallator in 1068 and 1069

Armiger

1066

1072

Pedro García

 

Armiger

1066

1066

Lope Iñíguez

called offertor

Armiger

1072

1072

Íñigo Sánchez

called alferiz

Armiger

1072

1087

Fortun Iñíguez

 

Armiger

1072

1076

Íñigo Sánchez

 

Armiger

1072

1075

Sancho García

called offertor

 

5.       Stabularius.  The stabularius was presumably in charge of the royal stables.  As can be seen from the table below, there was also frequent turnover in this office, no individual being named as such in the documentation over a period exceeding three years. 

 

Stabularius

957

959

García Auréliez

 

Stabularius

992

992

Fortun Jiménez

 

Stabularius

996

996

Lope Iñíguez

 

Stabularius

997

997

García Sánchez

 

Stabularius

1020

1020

Jimeno Fortúnez

 

Stabularius

1042

1043

Sancho Datiz

 

Stabularius

1058

1062

García García

 

Stabularius

1063

1064

García Sánchez

 

Stabularius

1066

1066

Fortun Álvarez

 

Stabularius

1068

1070

Lope Sánchez

 

Stabularius

1071

1072

Lope Velaz

 

Stabularius

1072

1072

García Fortúnez

 

Stabularius

1072

1075

Lope Iñíguez

 

Stabularius

1087

1090

Sancho García

 

 

It must be emphasised that work on reconstructing these Navarrese noble families is on-going as more cartularies are studied.  The results which are shown in this document should therefore be considered preliminary. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    9th-12th CENTURY NAVARRESE NOBILITY

 

 

 

A.      NAVARRESE NOBILITY (8th and EARLY 9th CENTURIES)

 

 

 

1.         AURELIO [Oriel] (-[after Aug 828 or after 858/67]).  Señor in Boltaña.  “Garsias Semenonis rex Pampilonensium...cum comite Galindone de Aragon” donated “monasteriolum Sancti Martini de Ciella cum villa sua de Ciella” to San Juan de la Peña by charter dated Aug 828, the dating clause of which records “Oriol in Boltana, senior Mancius de Eril in Petra fita...[17].  As noted in the document NAVARRE KINGS, it is possible that this document should be redated to the late 850s/860s. 

 

1.         AZNAR --- ([770/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his granddaughter was recently married when his son names Blasco Mancio as his son-in-law in the charter dated to [850] which is quoted below.  Settipani suggests that Aznar, father of Dato Aznárez, may have been the same person as Aznar Galíndez Conde de Aragón (whose death is dated to after [838], see the document ARAGON KINGS, Chapter 1)[18]m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         DATO Aznárez .  “Dato Asenari et gener meus Belasco Mancii et filius meus Acenarius Datui” donated “cubile...Assega” to Siresa by charter dated to [850][19]m ---.  The name of Dato´s wife is not known.  Dato & his wife had two children: 

i)          AZNAR Dato .  “Dato Asenari et gener meus Belasco Mancii et filius meus Acenarius Datui” donated “cubile...Assega” to Siresa by charter dated to [850][20].  ["Galindo Isinari comes" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by charter dated to [before 867], witnessed by "Scemeno Scemenonis…Alaricus Isinari, Mancio Galindonis, Fortunio Galindonis, Isinari Salomonis, Isinari Dacconis, Galindo Isinari…"[21].] 

ii)         daughter .  “Dato Asenari et gener meus Belasco Mancii et filius meus Acenarius Datui” donated “cubile...Assega” to Siresa by charter dated to [850][22]m VELASCO Mancio, son of MANCIO --- & his wife ---. 

b)         [ALARIC Aznárez .  "Galindo Isinari comes" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by charter dated to [before 867], witnessed by "Scemeno Scemenonis…Alaricus Isinari, Mancio Galindonis, Fortunio Galindonis, Isinari Salomonis, Isinari Dacconis, Galindo Isinari…"[23].  From a chronological point of view only, it is possible that Alaric and Galindo could have been younger brothers of Dato Aznárez, although no other factors have been identified which connect the three persons.] 

c)         [GALINDO Aznárez .  "Galindo Isinari comes" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by charter dated to [before 867], witnessed by "Scemeno Scemenonis…Alaricus Isinari, Mancio Galindonis, Fortunio Galindonis, Isinari Salomonis, Isinari Dacconis, Galindo Isinari…"[24].  From a chronological point of view only, it is possible that Alaric and Galindo could have been younger brothers of Dato Aznárez, although no other factors have been identified which connect the three persons.] 

 

 

1.         BANZO ([790/805]-).  Banzo´s birth date is estimated very approximately on the assumption that his son was adult when he witnessed the charter dated to [850].  m ---.  The name of Banzo´s wife is not known.  Banzo & his wife had one child: 

a)         JIMENO Banzónez (-after [850]).  “...Exemeno Banzones...” witnessed the charter dated to [850] under which “Garsea Ennecones rege in Pamplona” founded “monasterium...Fontefrida[25]

 

 

1.         GALINDO ([790/805]-).  Galindo´s birth date is estimated very approximately on the assumption that his son was adult when he witnessed the charter dated to [850].  m ---.  The name of Galindo´s wife is not known.  Galindo & his wife had one child: 

a)         GÓMEZ Galíndez (-after [850]).  “...Gonis Galindonis...” witnessed the charter dated to [850] under which “Garsea Ennecones rege in Pamplona” founded “monasterium...Fontefrida[26]

b)         [MANCIO Galíndez .  "Galindo Isinari comes" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by charter dated to [before 867], witnessed by "Scemeno Scemenonis…Alaricus Isinari, Mancio Galindonis, Fortunio Galindonis, Isinari Salomonis, Isinari Dacconis, Galindo Isinari…"[27].  From a chronological point of view only, it is possible that Mancio and Fortún could have been younger brothers of Gómez Galíndez, although no other factors have been identified which connect the three persons.] 

c)         [FORTÚN Galíndez .  "Galindo Isinari comes" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by charter dated to [before 867], witnessed by "Scemeno Scemenonis…Alaricus Isinari, Mancio Galindonis, Fortunio Galindonis, Isinari Salomonis, Isinari Dacconis, Galindo Isinari…"[28].  From a chronological point of view only, it is possible that Mancio and Fortún could have been younger brothers of Gómez Galíndez, although no other factors have been identified which connect the three persons.] 

 

 

1.         JIMENO ([790/805]-).  Jimeno´s birth date is estimated very approximately on the assumption that his son was adult when he witnessed the charter dated to [850].  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         GALINDO Jiménez (-after [850]).  “...Galindo Scemenones” witnessed the charter dated to [850] under which “Garsea Ennecones rege in Pamplona” founded “monasterium...Fontefrida[29]

b)         [JIMENO Jiménez .  "Galindo Isinari comes" donated property to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by charter dated to [before 867], witnessed by "Scemeno Scemenonis…Alaricus Isinari, Mancio Galindonis, Fortunio Galindonis, Isinari Salomonis, Isinari Dacconis, Galindo Isinari…"[30].  From a chronological point of view only, it is possible that Jimeno could have been a younger brother of Galindo Jiménez, although no other factors have been identified which connect the two persons.] 

 

 

1.         LOPE --- .  No record has been found which refers to Lope in his personal capacity, except by way of the patronymic of his son.  m as her second husband, --- [de Asturias], widow of OVECO ---, daughter of [FRUELA] & his wife ---.  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by Ibn Hayyan who records a campaign in 816 led by “[el] hayib Abd al-Karim ibn Abd al-Wahid ibn Mugit” against “Balask al-Yalasqi señor de Pamplona”, during the course of which “Garsiya ibn Lubb, hijo de la hermana de Barmud, el tío materno de Idfuns...” was killed[31].  This assumes that the phrase “el tío materno de Idfuns” applies to “Garsiya ibn Lubb” not to “Barmud”.  Martínez Díez assumes that “Barmud” was Vermudo I King of Asturias[32].  Her first marriage is confirmed by reading the same text of Ibn Hayyan together with the Sebastiani Chronicon which records the burial of [her daughter by her first marriage and her son-in-law] "Froila…cum uxore sua Munia Oveti" [therefore recording Munia´s patronymic)][33].  This assumes that “Idfuns” in Ibn Hayyan refers to Alfonso II King of Asturias.  It does not necessarily follow from this logic that this person was the daughter of Fruela, father of King Vermudo I: she could alternatively have been the daughter of Fruela´s wife by an earlier marriage.  If she was the daughter of Fruela, she must have been one of his older children, considerably older than King Vermudo.  The dates associated with her two children strongly suggest that Overo was her first husband and Lope her second.  Lope & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA López (-killed in battle 816).  Ibn Hayyan records a campaign in 816 led by “[el] hayib Abd al-Karim ibn Abd al-Wahid ibn Mugit” against “Balask al-Yalasqi señor de Pamplona”, during the course of which “Garsiya ibn Lubb, hijo de la hermana de Barmud, el tío materno de Idfuns...” was killed[34]

 

 

1.         MANCIO ([790/805]-).  Mancio´s birth date is estimated very approximately on the assumption that his son was adult when he witnessed the charter dated to [850].  m ---.  The name of Mancio´s wife is not known.  Mancio & his wife had one child: 

a)         MICARO Mancio (-after [850]).  “Micarro Manzones...” witnessed the charter dated to [850] under which “Garsea Ennecones rege in Pamplona” founded “monasterium...Fontefrida[35]

 

 

1.         MANCIO de Eril (-[after Aug 828 or after 858/67]).  Señor in Petra Hita.  “Garsias Semenonis rex Pampilonensium...cum comite Galindone de Aragon” donated “monasteriolum Sancti Martini de Ciella cum villa sua de Ciella” to San Juan de la Peña by charter dated Aug 828, the dating clause of which records “Oriol in Boltana, senior Mancius de Eril in Petra fita...[36].  As noted in the document NAVARRE KINGS, it is possible that this document should be redated to the late 850s/860s, in which case Mancio de Eril could not have been the father of Velasco Mancio who is shown below. m ---.  Mancio & his wife had [one child:] 

a)         [VELASCO Mancio (-after [850]).  “Dato Asenari et gener meus Belasco Mancii et filius meus Acenarius Datui” donated “cubile...Assega” to Siresa by charter dated to [850][37]m --- Dato, daughter of DATO Aznárez & his wife ---.] 

 

 

1.         MUNIO ([790/805]-).  Munio´s birth date is estimated very approximately on the assumption that his son was adult when he witnessed the charter dated to [850].  m ---.  The name of Munio´s wife is not known.  Munio & his wife had one child: 

a)         GODO Munioz (-after [850]).  “...Gutu Munniones...” witnessed the charter dated to [850] under which “Garsea Ennecones rege in Pamplona” founded “monasterium...Fontefrida[38]

 

 

 

B.      NAVARRESE NOBILITY (LATER 9th and EARLY 10th CENTURIES)

 

 

1.         ÁLVARO --- ([870/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was 30 years old when first mentioned.  The names Álvaro and Munio are less common among Navarrese nobility than in Asturias and León, where the ancestry of Munio Álvarez should presumably be sought.  m ---.  The name of Álvaro´s wife is not known.  Álvaro & his wife had one child: 

a)         MUNIO Álvarez (-after 1 Jul 952).  García III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [941], witnessed by "…Munio Albaroc…"[39].  "…Munnio Alvareoz…" confirmed a charter dated 1 Jul 952 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[40]

 

2.         AURELIO --- ([890/900]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Aurelio´s wife is not known.  Aurelio & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         GARCÍA Auréliez (-after 6 Apr 959).  Stabularius at the royal court: "…Garsia Oriolet maior equorum" subscribed a charter dated 956 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[41].  "…Garsea maior stabularius…" and “…Garsea maior equorum…” subscribed charters of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 5 Sep 957 and 6 Apr 959 respectively[42]

b)         [GÓMEZ Auréliez (-after 6 Apr 959).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggest that Gómez Auréliez may have been the brother of García Auréliez, although no other references to this patronymic have been found in Navarre at the time.  The fact that they both held posts at court at the same time may also be significant.  Maior domus at the royal court: "…Gomessanus Oriolez maiordomus" subscribed a charter dated 956 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[43].  "…Gomessanus maiordomus…" subscribed charters of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 5 Sep 952, 955, 5 Sep 957 and 6 Apr 959[44].] 

 

3.         AZNAR --- ([870/90]-after 941).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was 30 years old when first mentioned.  Señor en Iubera.  "Asinari in Iuvera [Gubera]" confirmed a charter dated 941 of the monastery of Albelda[45]m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had one child: 

a)         MANCIO Aznárez (-after [941]).  Señor en IuberaGarcía III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [941], the dating clause naming "…Mango [Marsio] Asinari in Iuvera…"[46].  m ---.  The name of Mancio´s wife is not known.  Mancio & his wife had [two children]: 

i)          [AZNAR Mancio (-after 1 Jan 985).  “...Asinari Mantionis...” confirmed the charter dated 1 Jan 985 under which “Sanctio principem...cum coniuge mea Urraca et filios nostros Garsea et Ranemiro una cum Gundesabo” granted “villa in territorio Ataresensem...Badagues” to “domno Santio presbiter Ataresense[47].] 

ii)         [GALINDO Mancio .  An undated lost charter, dated to the 10th century, records that “Galindo Manchones” held land “en Lasieso” from San Andrés de Fanlo[48].] 

 

4.         AZNAR --- ([870/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO Aznárez (-after 945).  "…Sancio Acenar…" subscribed a charter dated 945 for the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[49].  It does not appear from the wording of this charter that Sancho Aznárez was a member of the first level of nobility in Navarre.  It is therefore unlikely that he was the ancestor of other nobles listed below. 

 

5.         CARDELOm ---.  The name of Cardelo´s wife is not known.  Cardelo & his wife had one child: 

a)         VELASCO Cardélez (-after 21 Oct 880).  “…Senyor Blasco Kardelliz de Biozari…” subscribed one version of a charter dated 21 Oct 880 for Leire monastery, these two subscribers named consecutively in the document which suggests that they may have been related[50]m ---.  The name of Cardelo´s wife is not known.  Cardelo & his wife had one child: 

i)          CARDELO Velásquez (-after 28 Oct 924).  "...Senior Cardelle Belasconis" confirmed the grant by "Sancio Garsianis rex" of the monastery of San Pedro de Usún to the bishop of Oya, by charter dated 28 Oct 924[51]

 

6.         DONO --- ([870/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Dono´s wife is not known.  Dono & his wife had one child: 

a)         VELASCO Donniz (-[953/10 Aug 973]).  García III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [941], witnessed by "…Blasco Donniz…"[52].  "Garsea rex…" donated property "in loco Alvelda…villam quam olim tradiderat cliens noster Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 953[53]m ---.  The name of Velasco's wife is not known.  Velasco & his wife had --- children: 

i)          ÍÑIGO Velásquez (-after 10 Aug 973).  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum uxore mea Sancia et cum filiis meis…Belasco, Sunna, Didaco et Flaginus…[et] cum fratre meo Sancio Belasconis cum uxore mea Onneca et cum filiis…suis…Belasco et Bermudo" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973, witnessed by "…Belasco de Cabecon, Garsea de Cano, domno Fredinando de Estalon…"[54]m SANCHA, daughter of --- (-after 10 Aug 973).  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum uxore mea Sancia…" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[55].  Íñigo & [his wife] had four children: 

(a)       VELASCO Iñíguez .  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum uxore mea Sancia et cum filiis meis…Belasco, Sunna, Didaco et Flaginus…" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[56]

(b)       SUNNA Iñíguez .  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum uxore mea Sancia et cum filiis meis…Belasco, Sunna, Didaco et Flaginus…" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[57]

(c)       DIEGO Iñíguez .  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum uxore mea Sancia et cum filiis meis…Belasco, Sunna, Didaco et Flaginus…" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[58]

(d)       FLAÍN Iñíguez .  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum uxore mea Sancia et cum filiis meis…Belasco, Sunna, Didaco et Flaginus…" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[59]

ii)         SANCHO Velásquez (-after 997).  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum fratre meo Sancio Belasconis cum uxore mea Onneca et cum filiis…suis…Belasco et Bermudo" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[60].  "Sancio rex…" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 992, signed by "…Sancio Belasconis…"[61].  "…Sancius Blasii…" subscribed a charter dated 996 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[62].  "Garsia rex cum coniuge mea Eximina regina et matre mea Urraca regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 997, signed by "…Sancius Blasii maiordomus…"[63]m ONECA, daughter of ---.  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum fratre meo Sancio Belasconis cum uxore mea Onneca et cum filiis…suis…Belasco et Bermudo" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[64].  Sancho & his wife had two children: 

(a)       VELASCO Sánchez .  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum fratre meo Sancio Belasconis cum uxore mea Onneca et cum filiis…suis…Belasco et Bermudo" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[65]

(b)       VERMUDO Sánchez .  "Eneco Blasoconis…cum fratre meo Sancio Belasconis cum uxore mea Onneca et cum filiis…suis…Belasco et Bermudo" confirmed the donation of property "post obitum…Velasco Donniz", to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 10 Aug 973[66]

 

7.         FORTÚN ([870/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was adult when he witnessed the 928 charter which is quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         GALINDO Fortúnez (-after 928).  ...Galindo Fortuniones...Garcia Fortuniones...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[67]

b)         [GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 928).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that García Fortúnez was the brother of Galindo Fortúnez.  ...Galindo Fortuniones...Garcia Fortuniones...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[68].] 

 

8.         FORTÚN ([875/85]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was adult when he witnessed the 14 Feb 938 charter which is quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         AZNAR Fortúnez (-after 14 Feb 938).  “Acenari Fortuniones et fratris sui Ossauariç [Azenaris in one version of the charter]…” subscribed the charter dated 14 Feb 938 under which García III King of Navarre confirmed a donation to Leire made by “dompnus Galindo episcopus[69]

b)         [LOPE] [Fortúnez/Aznárez] (-after 14 Feb 938).  “Acenari Fortuniones et fratris sui Ossauariç [Azenaris in one version of the charter]…” subscribed the charter dated 14 Feb 938 under which García III King of Navarre confirmed a donation to Leire made by “dompnus Galindo episcopus[70].  The alternative patronymic including in one version suggests that Aznar and Lope may have been uterine brothers only.  It is assumed that “Ossauariç” indicates “Ochoa”, equivalent to Lope.] 

 

9.         GALINDO --- ([830/50]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son own adult son was named in the charter dated 922 (redated to after 925) which is quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Galindo´s wife is not known.  Galindo & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ÍÑIGO Galíndez (-after 925).  "...Domnus Enneco et Isinari Galindones et Scemeno Galindones et Paternus Ennecones et Galindo Isinari et Sancio Garcandi de Ronkali…" witnessed the charter dated 922 (presumably to be redated to after 925) which records donations to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by "Sancio Garcianes…et domnus Galindo comes"[71]m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [PATERNO Iñíguez .  "...Domnus Enneco et Isinari Galindones et Scemeno Galindones et Paternus Ennecones et Galindo Isinari et Sancio Garcandi de Ronkali…" witnessed the charter dated 922 (presumably to be redated to after 925) which records donations to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by "Sancio Garcianes…et domnus Galindo comes"[72].  The order of the names in the witness list suggests that Paterno may have been the son of Íñigo Galíndez.] 

b)         [AZNAR Galíndez (-after 925).  "...Domnus Enneco et Isinari Galindones et Scemeno Galindones et Paternus Ennecones et Galindo Isinari et Sancio Garcandi de Ronkali…" witnessed the charter dated 922 (presumably to be redated to after 925) which records donations to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by "Sancio Garcianes…et domnus Galindo comes"[73].  The proximity of the names in the witness list suggests that Íñigo, Aznar and Jimeno may have been brothers.]  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had [one child]:

i)          [GALINDO Aznárez .  "...Domnus Enneco et Isinari Galindones et Scemeno Galindones et Paternus Ennecones et Galindo Isinari et Sancio Garcandi de Ronkali…" witnessed the charter dated 922 (presumably to be redated to after 925) which records donations to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by "Sancio Garcianes…et domnus Galindo comes"[74].  The order of the names in the witness list suggests that Galindo may have been the son of Aznar Galíndez.] 

c)         [JIMENO Galíndez (-after 925).  "...Domnus Enneco et Isinari Galindones et Scemeno Galindones et Paternus Ennecones et Galindo Isinari et Sancio Garcandi de Ronkali…" witnessed the charter dated 922 (presumably to be redated to after 925) which records donations to the monastery of San Pedro de Siresa by "Sancio Garcianes…et domnus Galindo comes"[75].  The proximity of the names in the witness list suggests that Íñigo, Aznar and Jimeno may have been brothers.]

 

10.      GALINDO --- ([860/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Galindo´s wife is not known.  Galindo & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Galíndez (-[after 30 Nov 972])Señor en Nájera"Senior Fortunio Galindoyc in Nazera…" confirmed the grant by "Sancio Garsianis rex" of the monastery of San Pedro de Usún to the bishop of Oya, by charter dated 28 Oct 924[76].  "Garsea Sancionis rex cum genitrice mea Tuta regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 26 Jun 933, witnessed by "…Fortuni Eneconis, Gomes quod vocitatur Anura, Fortuni Galendonis…"[77].  "Garsea…Santionis rex cum coniuge mea Tarasia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 943, confirmed by "…sennor Fortun Galindez…"[78].  The dating clause of a charter dated 21 Mar 945, under which "Astaunar" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda, names "regnante Garsea Sancionis in Pampilona, Fortuni Galindonis in Nagera"[79].  "Garsea Sancionis rex…cum coniuge mea Tarasia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 946, confirmed by "Santio ipsius regis filius…Fortun Galindoz, Fortun Scemenonis"[80].  "Garsea rex…cum genitrice Tuta regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 22 Nov 947, witnessed by "…Fortunio Galendo…"[81].  The dating clause of a charter dated 15 Apr 958, under which "Muza…cum germana mea Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda, names "regnante…rex Garcia Sanciz in Pampilona, et sub eius Fortun Galindonis in Nagera…"[82].  "Santio…rex…cum fratre meo Ranimiro et domna Urraca regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated [10 Dec 970], confirmed by "…Fortunio Galindonis, Scemeno Santionis…"[83].  [Duke.  "…Furtunius dux…" subscribed charters of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 5 Sep 952, 955 and 5 Sep 957[84], while “…Fertunius dux et abba” subscribed a charter dated 956[85], although no explanation has yet been found for his being referred to as abbot.  He is further identified as Fortún Galíndez in a charter of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 971 confirmed by "…Furtunio Galindonis dux, sennor Eximino Santionis, Furtunio Garseanis…"[86].  "…Fortunio Galindonis dux…" also subscribed a charter dated 14 Jul 972 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[87].  It is assumed that all these entries refer to Fortún Galíndez Señor en Nájera but this is not beyond all doubt.  A comparative study of contemporary charters shows that only one nobleman named Fortún Galíndez was living in Navarre in the mid-10th century.  No other charters have yet been identified which accord the title “dux” to any other individual in Navarre during this period and it is uncertain why it was held by Fortún Galíndez.]  “Furtunio Galindonis” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[88].  “Furtunio Galindonis” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[89].  Assuming that these last two charters do refer to Fortún Galíndez Señor en Nájera, he must have been very old when he died, presumably soon after the date of the latter document.  m (after [930]) as her third husband, VELASQUITA de Navarra, widow firstly of MUNIO [Vélaz] Conde de Vizcaya and secondly of GALINDO de Ribagorza, daughter of SANCHO I García King of Navarre & his second wife Toda Aznárez.  The Codex de Roda names "Garsea rex et domna Onneca et domna Sanzia et domna Urraca…domna Belasquita, necnon et domna Orbita" as the children of "Sanzio Garseanis" and his wife "Tota Asnari", stating that Velasquita married "domni Momi comitis Bizcahiensis", secondly "domni Galindi filium Uernardi comitis et domne Tute" and thirdly "Furtunio Galindonis"[90]

 

11.      GALINDO --- ([860/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Galindo´s wife is not known.  Galindo & his wife had [two] children:

a)         GALINDO Galíndez (-after 1 Oct 921).  “Galindo Galindonis...Santio Galindonis” witnessed the charter dated 1 Oct 921 under which “Rege Santio Garseanis cum suos germanos Enecho Garseanis et Scemeno Garseanis” confirmed the territory of the monastery of Fontfrida[91]

b)         [SANCHO Galíndez (-after 1 Oct 921).  “Galindo Galindonis...Santio Galindonis” witnessed the charter dated 1 Oct 921 under which “Rege Santio Garseanis cum suos germanos Enecho Garseanis et Scemeno Garseanis” confirmed the territory of the monastery of Fontfrida[92].] 

 

12.      GARCÍA --- ([860/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         ÍÑIGO García (-after 5 Jan 925).  "…Eneco Garseanis, Semeno Garseanis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jan 925 of the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[93], their adjacent names in the document suggesting a close family relationship. 

b)         [JIMENO García (-after 5 Jan 925).  "…Eneco Garseanis, Semeno Garseanis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jan 925 of the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[94], their adjacent names in the document suggesting a close family relationship.] 

c)         [FORTÚN García (-after 928).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that Fortún García and Galindo García may have been brothers of Íñigo García.  ...Fortunio Garsianes de Benassa...Galindo Garcianes...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[95].] 

d)         [GALINDO García (-after 928).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that Fortún García and Galindo García may have been brothers of Íñigo García.  ...Fortunio Garsianes de Benassa...Galindo Garcianes...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[96].] 

 

13.      GÓMEZ "Anura" (-after 26 Jun 933).  "Garsea Sancionis rex cum genitrice mea Tuta regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 26 Jun 933, witnessed by "…Fortuni Eneconis, Gomes quod vocitatur Anura, Fortuni Galendonis…"[97]

 

14.      GONZALOm ---.  Gonzalo & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOPE GonzálezSeñor en Nájera...Senior Lope Gonsalbus in Nagera...” witnessed the charter dated to [970/94] under which Sancho II King of Navarre donated “villas...Miramont...” to San Juan de la Peña[98]

 

15.      ÍÑIGO --- ([860/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         GARCÍA Iñíguez (-after [941]).  "…Garsea Eneconis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jan 925 of the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[99]. Señor en Galpenco.  García III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [941], witnessed by "…Garsea Enneconis de Galpenco…"[100].  Tudemiro Bishop of Nájera donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 22 Nov [947], confirmed by "…Flaginius comes, Garsia comes…"[101].  It is not known whether "Garsia comes" was the same person as García Iñíguez. 

b)         [BANZO Iñíguez (-after 22 Nov [947]).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that Banzo Iñíguez may have been the brother of García Iñíguez.  "…Banzo Ennecones…" confirmed a charter dated 22 Nov [947] of the monastery of Albelda[102].] 

c)         [FORTÚN Iñíguez (-after 26 Jun 933).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that Fortún Iñíguez may have been the brother of García Iñíguez.  The people of Viguera donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 11 Jan 931, witnessed by "…Fortun Enneconis, Acenar Fortuniones…", whose names appear immediately after those of the monarchs[103].  "Garsea Sancionis rex cum genitrice mea Tuta regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 26 Jun 933, witnessed by "…Fortuni Eneconis, Gomes quod vocitatur Anura, Fortuni Galendonis…"[104].]  m ---.  The name of Fortún's wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [two possible children]: 

i)          [AZNAR Fortúnez (-after 14 Feb 938).  The people of Viguera donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 11 Jan 931, witnessed by "…Fortun Enneconis, Acenar Fortuniones…", whose names appear immediately after those of the monarchs[105].  It is not certain that Aznar Fortúnez and Ochoa Fortúnez were the sons of Fortún Iñíguez, but the proximity of their names in this document suggests a close connection.  "Garcia rex filius Santii regis et Tote regine" confirmed a donation to Leire by charter dated 14 Feb 938, in the presence of "seniorum Acenari Fortuniones et fratris sui Ossuariç et Fortunio Xemenones et Blasco Xemenones"[106]

ii)         [OCHOA] [LOPE] Fortúnez (-after 14 Feb 938).  "Garcia rex filius Santii regis et Tote regine" confirmed a donation to Leire by charter dated 14 Feb 938, in the presence of "seniorum Acenari Fortuniones et fratris sui Ossuariç et Fortunio Xemenones et Blasco Xemenones"[107].  It is not certain that Aznar Fortúnez and Ochoa Fortúnez were the sons of Fortún Iñíguez, but the proximity of their names in this document suggests a close connection.  The etymology of the name Ochoa deserves investigation.  In modern Basque, the word otso means wolf (lobo in castellano Spanish)[108].  The question then arises whether Ochoa, and its spelling variations, is in fact the same name as Lope.] 

d)         [SANCHO Iñíguez (-after [941]).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that Sancho Iñíguez may have been the brother of García Iñíguez.  [“Flamula” donated "situm in locum...Karadigna...Peternales iusta atrium Sancta Lucidia" to San Pedro de Cardeña, for the soul of “domno meo Gundissalbo Telliz”, by charter dated 24 Nov 929, the dating clause of which records “...comite Fredinando Assuriz in Castella”, witnessed by “...Sanzio Ennecoz, Munnio Obecoz, Didaco Obecoz...[109].]  García III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [941], witnessed by "…Sancio Eneconis, Enneco Sangones…"[110].] 

e)         [CARDELO Iñíguez (-after 1 Oct 921).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that Cardelo Iñíguez may have been the brother of García Iñíguez.  “...Kardellus Ennecones cum filiis suis...” witnessed the charter dated 1 Oct 921 under which “Rege Santio Garseanis cum suos germanos Enecho Garseanis et Scemeno Garseanis” confirmed the territory of the monastery of Fontfrida[111]m ---.  The name of Cardelo´s wife is not known.  Cardelo & his wife had [two or more] children: 

i)          sons .  “...Kardellus Ennecones cum filiis suis...” witnessed the charter dated 1 Oct 921 under which “Rege Santio Garseanis cum suos germanos Enecho Garseanis et Scemeno Garseanis” confirmed the territory of the monastery of Fontfrida[112]

 

16.      ÍÑIGO --- ([860/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had two children: 

a)         GALINDO Iñíguez (-after 928).  ...Galindo Ennecones et Bellaco frater eius...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[113]

b)         VELASCO Iñíguez (-after 928).  ...Galindo Ennecones et Bellaco frater eius...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[114]

 

17.      JIMENO --- ([840/50]-).  His birth date range is estimated assuming that the birth date of his son is estimated accurately as shown below.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had [three or more] children: 

a)         SANCHO Jiménez ([870/80]-after 928).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Íñigo was 30 years old when first mentioned.  “...Santio Scemenones cum suos germanos et cum suos filios...” witnessed the charter dated 1 Oct 921 under which “Rege Santio Garseanis cum suos germanos Enecho Garseanis et Scemeno Garseanis” confirmed the territory of the monastery of Fontfrida[115]Sancio Scemenones et suo filio Enneco Sanciones et suus frater Asnari Scemenones et suo creato Incatcato...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[116]m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          ÍÑIGO Sánchez (-after 22 Nov 947).  "…Eneco Sanzoniz…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jan 925 of the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[117].  "…Eneco Sancionis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jan 925 of the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[118]Sancio Scemenones et suo filio Enneco Sanciones et suus frater Asnari Scemenones et suo creato Incatcato...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[119].  "Garsea Sanciones" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [941], witnessed by "…Sancio Eneconis, Enneco Sangones…"[120].  "…Eneco Sancione…" subscribed a charter dated 945 of the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[121].  "…Enneco Sancionis, Gomiz Sancio…" and “…Enneco Sangoz, Gomiz Sangoz…” confirmed charters of the monastery of Albelda dated 22 Nov 947 and 22 Nov [947] respectively[122], their adjacent names in both documents suggesting a close family relationship. 

ii)         [GÓMEZ Sánchez (-after 22 Nov 947).  "…Enneco Sancionis, Gomiz Sancio…" and “…Enneco Sangoz, Gomiz Sangoz…” confirmed charters of the monastery of Albelda dated 22 Nov 947 and 22 Nov [947] respectively[123], their adjacent names in both documents suggesting a close family relationship. 

b)         AZNAR Jiménez (-after 928).  Sancio Scemenones et suo filio Enneco Sanciones et suus frater Asnari Scemenones et suo creato Incatcato...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[124].  

c)         other son(s) .  “...Santio Scemenones cum suos germanos et cum suos filios...” witnessed the charter dated 1 Oct 921 under which “Rege Santio Garseanis cum suos germanos Enecho Garseanis et Scemeno Garseanis” confirmed the territory of the monastery of Fontfrida[125]

 

18.      JIMENO --- ([880/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         FORTÚN Jiménez (-after Sep 957).  "Garcia rex filius Santii regis et Tote regine" confirmed a donation to Leire by charter dated 14 Feb 938, in the presence of "seniorum Acenari Fortuniones et fratris sui Ossuariç et Fortunio Xemenones et Blasco Xemenones"[126], the linking of the last two in the document suggesting that they may have been brothers.  "Garsea…Santionis rex cum coniuge mea Tarasia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 943, confirmed by "…sennor Furtum Scemenones…"[127].  "Garsea Sancionis rex…cum coniuge mea Tarasia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 946, confirmed by "Santio ipsius regis filius…Fortun Galindoz, Fortun Scemenonis"[128].  "Garsea Sancionis cum matre mea Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated Sep 957, confirmed by "…senior Fortunius Simeonis…"[129]

b)         [VELASCO Jiménez (-after 14 Feb 938).  "Garcia rex filius Santii regis et Tote regine" confirmed a donation to Leire by charter dated 14 Feb 938, in the presence of "seniorum Acenari Fortuniones et fratris sui Ossuariç et Fortunio Xemenones et Blasco Xemenones"[130], the linking of the last two in the document suggesting that they may have been brothers.  "…Belasco Cemenonis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jan 925 of the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[131].] 

 

[Two possible brothers:]

19.      LOPE --- ([860/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that his son was adult when he witnessed the 1 Oct 921 charter which is quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had one child:

a)         VELASCO López (-after 1 Oct 921).  “...Blasco Lupi et Blasco Sanciones...” witnessed the charter dated 1 Oct 921 under which “Rege Santio Garseanis cum suos germanos Enecho Garseanis et Scemeno Garseanis” confirmed the territory of the monastery of Fontfrida[132]

b)         [ÍÑIGO López (-after 928).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that Íñigo López may have been the brother of Velasco López.  ...Enneco Iupi de Eisi...” witnessed the charter dated 928 which records that “rex Fortunio Garcianes” had set the limits of “villis...Benassa et...Katamesas” and that they were confirmed by “rege Scemeno Garcianes et suo creato domno Garsea filio de rege Sancio Garsianes[133].] 

 

20.      [SANCHO --- ([860/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Velasco was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         VELASCO Sánchez (-after 30 Jan [947]).  “...Blasco Lupi et Blasco Sanciones...” witnessed the charter dated 1 Oct 921 under which “Rege Santio Garseanis cum suos germanos Enecho Garseanis et Scemeno Garseanis” confirmed the territory of the monastery of Fontfrida[134].  The linking of the two witness names by the conjunction “et” in this document suggests a family relationship, maybe they were cousins.  "…Belasco Sangiz…" subscribed the charter dated 21 Mar 945 for the monastery of Albelda[135].  "Blasco Sancio" sold property “en Huércanas” to Bishop Tudemiro by charter dated 30 Jan [947][136].  It does not appear from the wording of this charter that Velasco Sánchez was a member of the first level of nobility in Navarre.  It is therefore unlikely that he was the ancestor of other nobles listed below. 

 

21.      LOPE --- ([880/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son was approximately the same age as his wife.  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had one child: 

a)         ÍÑIGO López Señor en Estigi y Zillegitam VELASQUITA Galíndez de Aragón, daughter of GALINDO [II] Aznar Conde de Aragón & his second wife Sancha García de Navarra ([910/20]-).  One manuscript of the Codex de Roda names "Aznarium Galindonis et domna Andregoto regina et domna Belasquita" as the children of "domno Galindo comes de Aragone" and his wife "domna Sanzia", recording that Velasquita was the wife of "Enneco Lopiz de Estigi et de Zillegita"[137].  Íñigo & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [--- ([930/50]-).  This affiliation is not certain.  The charter dated 1075 of "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "ex avuncula mea regina domna Endrigoto"[138].  Velasquita Galíndez was the only known legitimate full sister of Queen Andregoto, first wife of García III Sánchez King of Navarre.  It would be chronologically consistent for the younger Andregoto to have been the great-great-niece of Queen Andregoto, possibly descended from Velasquita.  An alternative possibility is that the younger Andregoto was descended from one of Queen Andregoto´s older uterine siblings, children of her mother´s first marriage to Íñigo Fortúnez de Pamplona.  However, no record has been found of the name Andregoto having been used in the family of the Iñiga dynasty of Navarre.  This suggests that the name was associated with the queen´s paternal family, and therefore that the younger Andregoto was more likely to be their descendant.  m ---.]  [One possible child]: 

(a)       [--- ([950/80]-).  This affiliation is not certain.  The charter dated 1075 of "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "ex avuncula mea regina domna Endrigoto"[139].  Velasquita Galíndez was the only known legitimate full sister of Queen Andregoto, first wife of García III Sánchez King of Navarre.  It would be chronologically consistent for the younger Andregoto to have been the great-great-niece of Queen Andregoto, possibly descended from Velasquita.  m ---.]  [One possible child]: 

(1)       [ANDREGOTO (-after 1075).  Her [first] marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1104/09] under which her daughter “dompna Sancia soror dompni Sancii comitis de Pampilona” donated her “heredad…en Obanos” to Irache monastery naming “genetricis mee dompne Andregote[140].  Her origin is suggested by the charter dated 1075 under which "domna Endrigoto" donated the monastery of San Salvador de Bernués in Aragon and “in villa Leres iuxta Pardinilla illa racione de senior Sancio Alvarez” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "ex avuncula mea regina domna Endrigoto", by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita” and witnessed by “sennor Sancio Galindoz in Atares, sennor Lope Garceiz in Uncastello et in Ruesta[141].  Her possible second marriage is suggested by the reference to “senior Sancio Alvarez” in this 1075 charter.  He must have had a close connection to Andregoto to explain why she was donating his portion of property to the monastery.  The donation also suggests that he had died before the date of the charter, and maybe that Andregoto had inherited the property from him.  Another clue to his identity is provided by the charter dated 1106 under which Andregoto´s daughter "dompna Sancia filia Sancii Meceratez" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla for the soul of “Sancionis Albaronis mei primi congermani[142].  It is difficult to interpret the meaning of “primi congermani”.  It implies that Sancha and Sancho Álvarez were raised together “as siblings”.  “Primus” suggests that Sancho was the first among others with whom Sancha had a similar position.  One possibility would be that Andregoto married again after the death of Sancho Macerátez and that Sancho Álvarez was the son of her second husband by an earlier marriage.  The more likely possibility is that “primi congermani” should be interpreted as meaning first cousin (either on the paternal or maternal side of the family), in line with “primo” meaning cousin in modern Castilian Spanish, in which case this proposed second marriage would not have taken place.  m [firstly] SANCHO Macerátez, son of --- (-[26 Dec 1046/1075]).  [m secondly as his second wife, ÁLVARO ---.] 

 

22.      SANCHO --- ([810/30]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Mancio was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         MANCIO Sánchez (-after 21 Oct 880).  “…Senyor Mancio Sancionis de Elessa, senyor Acenar Sanciones de Fillaria…” subscribed one version of a charter dated 21 Oct 880 for Leire monastery, these two subscribers named consecutively in the document which suggests that they may have been related[143]

b)         [AZNAR Sánchez (-after 21 Oct 880).  “…Senyor Mancio Sancionis de Elessa, senyor Acenar Sanciones de Fillaria…” subscribed one version of a charter dated 21 Oct 880 for Leire monastery, these two subscribers named consecutively in the document which suggests that they may have been related[144].] 

 

23.      SANCHO --- ([880/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         JIMENO Sánchez (-after 943).  "Garsea…Santionis rex cum coniuge mea Tarasia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 943, confirmed by "…sennor Eximino Sancionis…"[145]

 

24.      SANCHO --- ([890/910]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Galindo was adult when named in the 5 Aug 964 charter which is quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had one child:

a)         GALINDO Sánchez (-after 5 Aug 964).  Señor in Atares.  The dating clause of a charter dated 5 Aug 964, under which García III King of Navarre donated San Martín de Cillas to San Juan de la Peña, records ...senior Gallin Sanz in Atares...[146]

i)          [SANCHO --- (-after 987).  Sancho´s patronymic has not been identified.  The common connection with Atares suggests that he may have been the son of Galindo Sánchez, although transmission of señoríos in Navarre by inheritance at that time has not been confirmed.  Señor in Atares.  “Sancius rex...cognomento Avarca et Urraca regina” confirmed the donation of “villa...Badaguasse” made by “domno Sancio qui fuit maior de Atares” to San Juan de la Peña by charter dated 981, witnessed by “...maiore domnus Sancius in Atares[147]Conde.  “Senior Sancio comes in Atares...” witnessed the charter dated 987 under which Sancho II King of Navarre donated “villam de Alastue” to San Juan de la Peña[148]

 

25.      SANCHO --- ([915/25]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 987).  Señor in Cacabelo.  “Sancius rex...cognomento Avarca et Urraca regina” confirmed the donation of “villa...Badaguasse” made by “domno Sancio qui fuit maior de Atares” to San Juan de la Peña by charter dated 981, witnessed by “Fortunio Sangiz maiore qui est in Cacabello...maiore domnus Sancius in Atares[149]...Senior Fortun Sanz...” witnessed the charter dated 987 under which Sancho II King of Navarre donated “villam de Alastue” to San Juan de la Peña[150].  “Senior Fortunius Sanchiz maiore qui est in Cacavello...” witnessed the charter dated to [970/94] under which Sancho II King of Navarre donated “villas...Miramont...” to San Juan de la Peña[151].  

 

26.      VERMUDO --- ([870/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Vermudo´s wife is not known.  Vermudo & his wife had one child: 

a)         FLAÍN Vermúdez (-after 22 Nov [947]).  Señor en VigueraGarcía III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [941], the dating clause naming "…Flain Bermudez in Vegera…"[152]Conde.  "…comite Flagino in Vecharia…" is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 22 Nov [947] for the monastery of Albelda[153].  "…Flaginus comes…" confirmed a charter dated 22 Nov 947 of the monastery of Albelda[154].  "…Flaginus comes…" confirmed a charter dated 22 Nov [947] of the monastery of Albelda[155]

 

 

 

C.      NAVARRESE NOBILITY (LATER 10th CENTURY)

 

 

1.         BARRACANO --- ([920/30]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Tello was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Barracano´s wife is not known.  Barracano & his wife had one child: 

a)         TELLO Barracaniz (-after 30 Nov 972).  “…Tellu Barrakaniz…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[156].  “…Tellu Barracaniz…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[157]

 

2.         [BASAL] (-after 30 Nov 972).  This is the only reference found to this name.  It is possible that it was some sort of nickname.  “…Domno Bassali…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[158].  “…Domno Bassali…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[159]

 

3.         CARDELO ([950/60]-).  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that his sons were adult when they witnessed the 1013 charter which is quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Cardelo´s wife is not known.  Cardelo & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         ÍÑIGO Cardélez (-after 1013).  “Senior Enneco Cardelli et senior Galinno Kardelli...De Ena Orbita et Sancio Kardelli...” witnessed the charter dated 1013 under which “donna Sancia” bought “zimiterio...Ysinali” from “senior Sanxo Enneconis de Asso et de sue muliere...donna Oneka de Larota[160]

b)         GALINDO Cardélez (-after 1013).  “Senior Enneco Cardelli et senior Galinno Kardelli...De Ena Orbita et Sancio Kardelli...” witnessed the charter dated 1013 under which “donna Sancia” bought “zimiterio...Ysinali” from “senior Sanxo Enneconis de Asso et de sue muliere...donna Oneka de Larota[161].  The linking of the first two names by the conjunction “et” suggests that they were closely related, maybe brothers. 

c)         [ORBITA Cardélez (-after 1013).  “Senior Enneco Cardelli et senior Galinno Kardelli...De Ena Orbita et Sancio Kardelli...” witnessed the charter dated 1013 under which “donna Sancia” bought “zimiterio...Ysinali” from “senior Sanxo Enneconis de Asso et de sue muliere...donna Oneka de Larota[162].  The linking of the second pair of names by the conjunction “et” suggests that they were closely related, maybe brothers.  It is not known whether they were also brothers of the first pair.] 

d)         [SANCHO Cardélez (-after 1013).  “Senior Enneco Cardelli et senior Galinno Kardelli...De Ena Orbita et Sancio Kardelli...” witnessed the charter dated 1013 under which “donna Sancia” bought “zimiterio...Ysinali” from “senior Sanxo Enneconis de Asso et de sue muliere...donna Oneka de Larota[163].  The linking of the second pair of names by the conjunction “et” suggests that they were closely related, maybe brothers.  It is not known whether they were also brothers of the first pair.] 

 

4.         FORTÚN --- ([920/30]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Tello was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         JIMENO Fortúnez (after 13 Nov 972).  “…Scemeno Furtuniz…Genneco Furtuniz…”  subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[164]

b)         [GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 15 Feb 978).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that García Fortúnez may have been the brother of Jimeno Fortúnez.  “…Garsea Furtunionis…” subscribed a charter dated 15 Feb 978 for the monastery of Siresa[165].]  same person as...?  GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after [970/72]).  Señor en Capanas.  “Garsea Fortuniones de Capanas...” witnessed the charter dated to [970/72] under which “Lope Blascones” donated property to the monastery of Leire[166]m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had [two children]:

i)          [FORTÚN García (-after [1025]).  Señor en Capanas...De Kapannas, domnus Fertungo et Blasco Garcianes” witnessed the charter dated 1013 under which “donna Sancia” bought “zimiterio...Ysinali” from “senior Sanxo Enneconis de Asso et sue muliere...donna Oneka de Larota[167].  The common connection with Capanas suggests that Fortún and Velasco García may have been sons of García Fortúnez, although the transfer of señoríos by inheritance cannot be confirmed at that time in Navarre.  “Domnus Fortunio de Capannas...” witnessed the charter dated to [1025] under which the abbot of San Juan de la Peña recorded a donation made by “Atili Orioli nepotus meus[168].  ] 

ii)         [VELASCO García (-after 1013).  Señor en Capanas...De Kapannas, domnus Fertungo et Blasco Garcianes” witnessed the charter dated 1013 under which “donna Sancia” bought “zimiterio...Ysinali” from “senior Sanxo Enneconis de Asso et sue muliere...donna Oneka de Larota[169]. The common connection with Capanas suggests that Fortún and Velasco García may have been sons of García Fortúnez, although the transfer of señoríos by inheritance cannot be confirmed at that time in Navarre.] 

c)         [GENECO Fortúnez (after 13 Nov 972).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that Geneco Fortúnez may have been the brother of Jimeno Fortúnez and García Fortúnez.  “…Scemeno Furtuniz…Genneco Furtuniz…”  subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[170].] 

 

5.         FORTÚN --- ([930/40]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Tello was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 997).  "…Santius Fortunionis…" subscribed a charter dated 996 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[171]Architriclinus at the royal court: "…Sancius Fortunionis architriclinus…" subscribed a charter dated 997 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[172]

 

6.         FORTÚN --- ([940/60]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after [6 Aug 1025]).  “…Senior Garsia Fortuniones…” subscribed a charter dated 1010 for San Millán de la Cogolla[173].  "Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…Blasco Furtuniones frater meus, Eximino Garceiz filius meus, sennor Lope Garceiz filius meus, sennor Furtun Ozoiz dominans Vicarie, sennor Fortun Sanchiz dominans Caparroso, sennor Fortun Lopez dominans Ocon, comes Monio Gonzalvez Alavensis, sennor Bueno Patre dominans Naiare"[174]Señor en Leguín.  “…Senior Garcia Fortuniones dominator Liguin…” subscribed three charters dated 21 Oct 1015 (two) and [1024] for Leire monastery, and two other charters dated 21 Oct 1022 and 29 Sep 1023 without the territorial qualification[175].  “…Garsia Fortuniones…” subscribed a charter dated 6 Aug 1025 for San Millán de la Cogolla[176], although this document could also refer to García Fortúnez Señor en Funes.  m TODA, daughter of ---.  "Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…Eximino Garceiz filius meus, sennor Lope Garceiz filius meus…"[177]. García & his wife had two children: 

i)          JIMENO García (-after 1051).  "Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…Eximino Garceiz filius meus, sennor Lope Garceiz filius meus…"[178]. Señor en Sos.  "Sancius rex…cum coniux mea Mumadonna regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1011, signed by "…senior Eximino Garceiz Osselensis…"[179].  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1014, signed by "…sennor Eximino Garceiz Osselensis…"[180].  "Sanco rex" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by by charter dated 1020, signed by "…sennor Eximino Garceiz in Ossella…"[181].  "Sancius…rex" recommended the rule of St Benedict to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 21 Oct 1022, witnessed by "senior Eximino Garceiç…"[182].  "Sancius…rex" recommended privileges to Santa María de Pamplona and San Salvador de Leirz by charter dated 29 Sep 1023, witnessed by "…senior Eximino Garceiz…"[183].  "Sancius rex et uxor mea Muma dompna regina" donated property to the monastery of Yarte y Anoz by charter dated 17 May 1024, confirmed by "…senior Eximino Garceiz…"[184]Señor en Boltaña.  “...Senior Scemeno Garzez de Sosl et de Boltanga...” witnessed the charter dated 21 Apr [1028] under which Sancho III King of Navarre introduced Benedictine rules to San Juan de la Peña[185]"…Senior Scemeno Garceyç dominante Sose…" subscribed a charter for the cathedral of Pamplona dated to [1030][186].  "Sancius…rex…cum coniuge mea regina domina Maiora" donated the monastery of San Sebastian to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 17 Apr 1014, redated to [1030], subscribed by "…senior Exemen Garçeyç dominator Sos…"[187].  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium atque Aragonensium seu Leonensium" restored property to the church of Pamplona by charter dated 1007, redated to [1032], witnessed by "…senior Xemen Garceyç domino de Sos…"[188]Señor en Uncastello: “…Eximinus Garceiz dominator Unumcastellum…” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1032 for Leire monastery[189], his son´s qualification in the same señorío confirming that this must refer to the same person as Jimeno García Señor en Sos.  “...Eximino Garceiz in Uno castello...” witnessed the charter dated 8 Jan 1033 under which prior Sancius et...Eximinus et...Dakus presbiteri” founded the monastery of Santa Eulalia and donated it to San Juan de la Peña[190].  The dating clause of a charter dated 25 May 1036, under which “ultima ancilla Christi Blasquita” donated “locum...Ballerani” to San Juan de la Peña, records “...senior Xemeno Garceç in Sos...[191]Senior Eximino Garceiz…cum coniux mea domina Sancia” donated the monastery of Santa María de Villanueva in Pamplona to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 1037[192].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1038, under which García V King of Navarre returned “unum scusatum...in villa...Catamesas” to San Juan de la Peña, records ...senior Scemeno Garzez in Sos...[193]Señor in Atares.  “...Senior Scemeno Garceiz in Atares...” witnessed the charter dated 13 Feb 1043 under which Ramiro I King of Aragon granted “heredidate que fuit de domna Spotosa de Larvesse et de presbiter Ato suo filio” to “Atto Galindiz” in exchange for a horse[194].  “Senior Scemeno Garceiç in Sos...” subscribed the charter dated 1044 under which Ramiro I King of Aragon granted “kasas...in Larossa” to “Enneco Lupe creatum meum...cum coniuge tua et creata mea...Maior[195]…Senior Eximino Garceiz de Azofra…Senior Eximino Garceiz regi domno Ranimiro nutrix…” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1046 for Santa Mará la Real de Nájera[196], confirming that there were two noblemen of the same name at that time.  Given the birth of Ramiro King of Aragon in the early 1000s, it is more likely that his “nutrix” can be identified with Jimeno García Señor en Sos who is recorded as such in the early years of the century.  "Senior Exemen Garcez in Sos, Senior Sancio Galinz in Bultania, Senior Fortunio Blasch in Sancti Martini, Don Suniero in Petra Rubea" subscribed the charter dated 1049 under which Ramiro I King of Aragon donated "de Matirero usque in Esera et de Serra de Arb…decima" to Sobrarbe San Victorián[197].  “…Senior Eximino Garceiç in Sos…” subscribed a charter dated [25 Apr 1049] for Leire monastery[198].  “…Senior Eximino Garcez in Sos et in Atares, filio eius Garcias Ximenonis in Unocastello…” subscribed a charter of San Andrés de Fanlo dated 1051[199]m SANCHA, daughter of ---.  Sancho III King of Navarre donated property to Leire monastery, at the request of “senior Eximino Garzez et uxor sua dompna Sancia”, by charter dated 21 Oct 1015[200].  Jimeno & his wife had [four] children: 

(a)       GARCÍA Jiménez (-after 1051).  Señor en Uncastello.  “…Senior Eximino Garcez in Sos et in Atares, filio eius Garcias Ximenonis in Unocastello…” subscribed a charter of San Andrés de Fanlo dated 1051[201]same person as…?  GARCÍA Jiménez (-after 11 Apr 1043).  Señor en Castro.  “…Senior Garsea Eximonis de Castro…” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1046 for Santa María la Real de Nájera[202]It is possible that this García Jiménez was the same person as one of the other individuals named García Jiménez who are shown here.  same person as…?  GARCÍA Jiménez (-after 25 Jun 1066).  Señor en Arlas.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Garseas Xemenonis de Arlas…[203].  “…Senior Garsia Xemenones dominator Arlas…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[204].  “…Senior Garcia Semenonis in Arllas…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Dec [1061][205].  “…Senior Gartia Eximinonis dominator Arlas…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 7 Feb 1063[206].  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Garsias Eximens dominans Arlas…"[207].  “…Senior Garcia Eximinonis, dominator Arlas…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[208]Señor en Ochoa, Señor en Saresaz.  A charter dated 13 May 1063 under which “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire names “…Senior Garseas Eximinones in Ussue et Saresazu…” in the dating clause[209].  The same document names “Senior Fortunio Sanz Tullebingas, in Falces et Lumbierri, Senior Enneco Sanz suo germano, in Arlas et ualle de Agessu”, which suggests that García Jiménez exchanged Arlas for Ochoa and Saresazu.  “…Senior Garsias Xemenones in Ussue…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[210].  “Senior Garsea Xemenones in Ussue…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066, signing first among the list of subscribers which suggests his seniority among the Navarrese nobility at the time[211].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Garcia Scemenones in Oszue et Sarasazu…[212]same person as…?  GARCÍA Jiménez (-after 11 Apr 1043).  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania regina" granted property to "fidele meo Azenari Ennecones" by charter dated 29 Jul 1040, confirmed by "…sennor Garcia Eximinones…"[213].  “Senior Garci Semenones y su mujer dona Fronilde” donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 11 Apr 1043[214]m FRONILDA, daughter of --- (-after 11 Apr 1043).  “Senior Garci Semenones y su mujer dona Fronilde” donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 11 Apr 1043[215]same person as…?  GARCÍA Jiménez (-[1075/79])m firstly ---.  m secondly as his second wife, MENCIA Fortúnez, daughter of FORTÚN --- & his wife --- (-after 1080).  “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia [Fortuniones]” donated the monastery of Santa Columba “en la foz de Aspurz” to Leire by charter dated 15 Jun 1064[216].  “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property “su casa…de Esnoz y su heredad de Iiza” to the monastery of San Miguel Arcángel by charter dated 1079[217].  “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property “la villa de Aldea”, for the soul of “mei viri senioris Garssiani Eximinonis”, to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 1079, which specifies “vir predictus senior et ego eius uxor” had previously donated half of “villa…Aldea” to the same monastery before her husband died, that her husband was childless by her (“ipse nullum ex me habens natum”), subscribed by “senior Eximino Garceiz tenens Licarraga atque Sarasazu, frater eius Santio Garceiz, Exauri, tercius frater Lope Arceiz, Ahoiz et Nagore, quartus autem Enneco Arceiz, Nauascues et Sangues, senior Galin Sanz, Sos et Athares, senior Lope Arceiz, en Arrosta et en Tafaila, senior Fortuin Enecones, en Funes, senior Eximino Fortuniones en Aiuar[218].  “Domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 1080, subscribed by “senior Eximino Garceiz in Lizarrara et Saresazu, secundus frater eius Sancio Garceiz in Exauri, tercius frater Lop Arceiz in Ahoyz et in Nagore, quartus frater Eneco Arceiz in Navascos et in Sangossa, senior Fortunio Sanz in Huart, frater eius Sancio Sanz in Erro, senior Garsias Sanz in Sancti Stephani de Deio, senior Fortunio Garcia in Punicastro[219].  García & his first wife had five children: 

(1)       JIMENO García (-after 1084).  Señor en Lizarrara"Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Eximino Garceiz dominator Lizarara…"[220].  “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia” donated the monastery of Santa Columba “en la foz de Aspurz” to Leire by charter dated 15 Jun 1064 which names “meo filio Scemeno Garceiz[221].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra confirmed rights to the people of San Anacleto by charter dated 30 Nov 1065, confirmed by "senior Eximino Garceiz qui fuit populator dominans Lizarrara…"[222]Señor en Ochoa.  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz in Ussue…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[223]Señor en Saresaz.  “Senior Eximino Garceiz in Saresazo…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 12 Nov 1068 under which “Mancius Acenarz cum filiis meis” donated property to Leire monastery[224].  [Señor en Santa María.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Eximeno Garzeaz in Santa Maria…[225].]  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz in Sarassazo…” witnessed the charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 15 Apr 1071[226].  “…Senior Xemeno Garceiz in Uxue…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[227].  “…Senior Scemeno Garceiz dominator Lizarrara…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[228].  [Señor en Ochoa.  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz, Ussue…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 12 Mar 1076[229].]  “Senior Eximino Garceiz tenens Licarraga atque Sarasazu, frater eius Santio Garceiz, Exauri, tercius frater Lope Arceiz, Ahoiz et Nagore, quartus autem Enneco Arceiz, Nauascues et Sangues…” subscribed the charter dated 1079 under which “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property “la villa de Aldea”, for the soul of “mei viri senioris Garssiani Eximinonis[230].  “Senior Eximino Garceiz in Lizarrara et Saresazu, secundus frater eius Sancio Garceiz in Exauri, tercius frater Lop Arceiz in Ahoyz et in Nagore, quartus frater Eneco Arceiz in Navascos et in Sangossa…” subscribed the charter dated 1080 under which “domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[231].  “…Senior Semeno Garceiz dominator Lizarra…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1083[232].  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz in Lizarega…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) for Leire dated 1084[233]

(2)       SANCHO García (-after 1084).  [Offertor at the royal court: “…Senior Sancio Garceiz offertor…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[234].  “…Senior Sancio Garceyç, helemosinarius…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[235].]  Señor en Echauri.  “…Senior Sancio Garzeiz, dominator Esgauri…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[236].  “Senior Eximino Garceiz tenens Licarraga atque Sarasazu, frater eius Santio Garceiz, Exauri, tercius frater Lope Arceiz, Ahoiz et Nagore, quartus autem Enneco Arceiz, Nauascues et Sangues…” subscribed the charter dated 1079 under which “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property “la villa de Aldea”, for the soul of “mei viri senioris Garssiani Eximinonis[237].  “Senior Eximino Garceiz in Lizarrara et Saresazu, secundus frater eius Sancio Garceiz in Exauri, tercius frater Lop Arceiz in Ahoyz et in Nagore, quartus frater Eneco Arceiz in Navascos et in Sangossa…” subscribed the charter dated 1080 under which “domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[238].  “…Senior Sanso Garceiz in Essauri…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1080[239].  “…Senior Sanz Garceiz in Essauri…” is named in the dating clause of a charter for Leire dated 1084[240].  “…Senior Sanso Garceis dominator Essauri…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1083[241].  “…Senior Sanz Arceiz in Essauri…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) for Leire dated 1084[242].  [Stabularius at the royal court: “…Senior Sanso Garceiz, stabularius regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[243].  “…Senior Sancio Garceiz, stabularius…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1090[244].] 

(3)       LOPE García (-[1080/86]).  Señor en Ahoyz, Señor en Nájera.  “Senior Eximino Garceiz tenens Licarraga atque Sarasazu, frater eius Santio Garceiz, Exauri, tercius frater Lope Arceiz, Ahoiz et Nagore, quartus autem Enneco Arceiz, Nauascues et Sangues…” subscribed the charter dated 1079 under which “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property “la villa de Aldea”, for the soul of “mei viri senioris Garssiani Eximinonis[245]Senior Eximino Garceiz in Lizarrara et Saresazu, secundus frater eius Sancio Garceiz in Exauri, tercius frater Lop Arceiz in Ahoyz et in Nagore, quartus frater Eneco Arceiz in Navascos et in Sangossa…” subscribed the charter dated 1080 under which “domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[246]Señor en Izalzum LEGUNDIA, daughter of --- (-after 1086).  “Dompna Leogundia de Saverri cum infantibus meis” confirmed the donation by “vir meus senior Lope Garceiz de Içail…ad obitum suum” (which donation was witnessed by “fratres sui senior Eximino Garceiz et senior Sancio Garceiz de Essauri et senior Eneco Garceiz de Arteda”) by charter dated 1086, witnessed and confirmed by “senior Galindo Lopeiz, nos fratres…senior Garcia Lopeiz et senior Lope Lopeiz et dompna Sancia nostra soror[247].  Lope & his wife had four children: 

a.         GALINDO López (-after 1086).  “Dompna Leogundia de Saverri cum infantibus meis” confirmed the donation by “vir meus senior Lope Garceiz de Içail…ad obitum suum” by charter dated 1086, witnessed and confirmed by “senior Galindo Lopeiz, nos fratres…senior Garcia Lopeiz et senior Lope Lopeiz et dompna Sancia nostra soror[248]

b.         GARCÍA López (-after 1086).  “Dompna Leogundia de Saverri cum infantibus meis” confirmed the donation by “vir meus senior Lope Garceiz de Içail…ad obitum suum” by charter dated 1086, witnessed and confirmed by “senior Galindo Lopeiz, nos fratres…senior Garcia Lopeiz et senior Lope Lopeiz et dompna Sancia nostra soror[249]

c.         LOPE López (-after 1086).  “Dompna Leogundia de Saverri cum infantibus meis” confirmed the donation by “vir meus senior Lope Garceiz de Içail…ad obitum suum” by charter dated 1086, witnessed and confirmed by “senior Galindo Lopeiz, nos fratres…senior Garcia Lopeiz et senior Lope Lopeiz et dompna Sancia nostra soror[250]

d.         SANCHA López (-after 1086).  “Dompna Leogundia de Saverri cum infantibus meis” confirmed the donation by “vir meus senior Lope Garceiz de Içail…ad obitum suum” by charter dated 1086, witnessed and confirmed by “senior Galindo Lopeiz, nos fratres…senior Garcia Lopeiz et senior Lope Lopeiz et dompna Sancia nostra soror[251]

(4)       ÍÑIGO García (-after 1080).  Señor en Navascos, Señor en Sangüesa.  “Senior Eximino Garceiz tenens Licarraga atque Sarasazu, frater eius Santio Garceiz, Exauri, tercius frater Lope Arceiz, Ahoiz et Nagore, quartus autem Enneco Arceiz, Nauascues et Sangues…” subscribed the charter dated 1079 under which “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property “la villa de Aldea”, for the soul of “mei viri senioris Garssiani Eximinonis[252]Senior Eximino Garceiz in Lizarrara et Saresazu, secundus frater eius Sancio Garceiz in Exauri, tercius frater Lop Arceiz in Ahoyz et in Nagore, quartus frater Eneco Arceiz in Navascos et in Sangossa…” subscribed the charter dated 1080 under which “domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[253]Señor en Arteda.  A charter dated 1086, under which his sister-in-law “dompna Leogundia de Saverri cum infantibus meis” confirmed the donation by “vir meus senior Lope Garceiz de Içail…ad obitum suum” specifies that the donation was witnessed by “fratres sui senior Eximino Garceiz et senior Sancio Garceiz de Essauri et senior Eneco Garceiz de Arteda[254]

(5)       --- García .  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1085 under which Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) confirmed Leire monastery´s possession of Igal monastery, claimed by “senior Eximinus Garceiz de villa Guosa”, by charter dated 1085 which names “senior Sancio Garceiz avunculum suum de Exauri”, identified as her brother[255]m JIMENO --- .  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a.         GARCÍA Jiménez (-after 1085).  Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) confirmed Leire monastery´s possession of Igal monastery, claimed by “senior Eximinus Garceiz de villa Guosa”, by charter dated 1085 which names “senior Sancio Garceiz avunculum suum de Exauri et senior Eneco Fortuniones de Sarassazo[256]

(b)       ÍÑIGO Jiménez (-after 1068).  “…Senior Enego Xeminionis…” subscribed a charter for Santa María la Real de Nájera dated 2 Nov 1044[257].  “...Enneco Scemenones filio de senior Scemeno Garceiz...” witnessed the charter dated 1046 under whichabba Belasco” of San Juan de la Peña exchanged property with “senior Scemeno Sanxonis de Sabinganico[258].  [Señor en Sos, Señor en NocietThe dating clause of a charter dated 16 Mar 1054, under which “Eximino Cardelli de Belarra...” donated “hereditate de Allue” to San Andrés de Fanlo, records “...senior Enneco Xemenons in Sos et in Nociet...[259].  The common reference to Sos, also held earlier by Jimeno García, suggests that this Íñigo Jiménez may have been the same person as his son.]  “…Senior Inigo Ximenez…” subscribed a charter for San Prudencio dated 1068[260]

(c)       [DIEGO Jiménez (.after 1049).  “Senior Didado Scemenoz et uxor mea Munnata et filios nostros Tellu et Lupe et dompna Elo et Scemena et Flamla” sold “unas heredades en Cerratón” to “sennor Sancio Fortuniones et domna Sancia” by charter dated 1045[261].  “…Didaco Scemenoz de Castanares…” subscribed a charter dated 1045 of San Millán de la Cogolla[262]m MUNNATA, daughter of ---.  “Senior Didado Scemenoz et uxor mea Munnata et filios nostros Tellu et Lupe et dompna Elo et Scemena et Flamla” sold property by charter dated 1045[263].  Diego & his wife had five children: 

(1)       TELLO Díaz (-after 1049).  “Senior Didado Scemenoz et uxor mea Munnata et filios nostros Tellu et Lupe et dompna Elo et Scemena et Flamla” sold property by charter dated 1045[264]

(2)       LOPE Díaz (-after 1049).  “Senior Didado Scemenoz et uxor mea Munnata et filios nostros Tellu et Lupe et dompna Elo et Scemena et Flamla” sold property by charter dated 1045[265]

(3)       ELO Díaz (-after 1049).  “Senior Didado Scemenoz et uxor mea Munnata et filios nostros Tellu et Lupe et dompna Elo et Scemena et Flamla” sold property by charter dated 1045[266]

(4)       JIMENA Díaz (-after 1049).  “Senior Didado Scemenoz et uxor mea Munnata et filios nostros Tellu et Lupe et dompna Elo et Scemena et Flamla” sold property by charter dated 1045[267]

(5)       FLÁMULA Díaz (-after 1049).  “Senior Didado Scemenoz et uxor mea Munnata et filios nostros Tellu et Lupe et dompna Elo et Scemena et Flamla” sold property by charter dated 1045[268]

(d)       [SANCHO Jiménez (-after 1033).  Botelarius at the royal court.  "Sancius rex" sold "villa de Adoáin" to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1033, in the presence of "…milites Pampilonensis…Sancio Xemenes uotellero"[269]

ii)         LOPE García (-after 1 Apr 1013).  "Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…Eximino Garceiz filius meus, sennor Lope Garceiz filius meus…"[270]

b)         VELASCO Fortúnez (-after 1 Apr 1013).  "Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…Blasco Furtuniones frater meus…"[271].

c)         [AZNAR Fortúnez ([990/95]-after 31 Dec 1058).  No indication has been found that Aznar Fortúnez was the brother of García Fortúnez and Velasco Fortúnez, apart from the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.  Botellarius at the royal court: “…Acenari Furtuniones botellarius” subscribed two charters for Leire dated 21 Oct 1015[272].  As the positions at court were frequently assigned to younger nobles, it is possible that these charters refer the same Aznar Fortúnez who was later recorded as Señor en Huarte.  If this is correct, his date of birth can be estimated to [990/95], bearing in mind his likely date of death.  “…Senior Acenari Fortuniones…” subscribed a charter for Leire dated 21 Oct 1021[273].  "Sancius…rex" recommended the rule of St Benedict to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 21 Oct 1022, witnessed by "…senior Açenari Fortunionnis…"[274].  "Sancius…rex" recommended privileges to Santa María de Pamplona and San Salvador de Leirz by charter dated 29 Sep 1023, witnessed by "…senior Acenari Fortuniones…"[275]Señor en Huarte.  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Munnia domna" donated property to the monastery of Albelda by charter dated 17 Dec 1024, confirmed by "…senior Ascenar Fortuniones de Huarte…"[276].  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of Elocuáin to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "…senior Acenari Fortunionis de Ugarte…"[277].  "Sancio rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 13 Apr 1030, confirmed by "…sennor Azenari Furtuniones…"[278].  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium atque Aragonensium seu Leonensium" restored property to the church of Pamplona by charter dated 1007, redated to [1032], witnessed by "…senior Acenar Fortuniones de Uhart…"[279].  "Sancius rex" sold "villa de Adoáin" to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1033, in the presence of "…milites Pampilonensis…Acenar Fortuniones de Huart…"[280].  “...Senior Azenar Fortunionis de Vuarte...” witnessed the charter dated May 1036 under which García V King of Navarre granted “ereditatem in villa...Unsi...Muru” to “Oriel Gerzez[281]"Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "…senior Açenar Fortuniones, Ugarte, Acenar Fortunioz maiordomi regis…"[282].  “Senior Azenari Fortunionis de Uarte” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1046 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[283].  "…senior Azenari Fortunionis de Uarte…" confirmed the grant by "Garseas rex" of the monastery of Anoz to the bishop of Pamplona, by charter dated 19 [Apr] 1047[284].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Azenari Fortunionis dominans Huart…"[285].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Azenari Furtunionis dominator Uarth…"[286].  “…Senior Acenar Fortuniones de Varte…” subscribed a charter dated 4 Jun [1055] for Leire monastery[287].  "Sancius rex…cum matre mea Stefania regina" returned property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, donated by "senior Azenari Sanchiz" and usurped by his father, by charter dated 11 Mar 1055, confirmed by "sennor Azenari Furtunionis…", who signed first among the subscribers suggesting that he was the most senior of the nobles present[288].  “…Senior Acenari Fortuniones dominator Uarte…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[289].  “Domina Santia Fortuniones” donated property in Huarte to Leire monastery, confirmed by “Dominator Huarte, senior Acenari Fortuniones”, by charter dated [1057][290].  “…Senior Acenar Fortuniones dominante in Varte…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated [28/31] Dec 1058 under which “Senior Garcia Blascones de Escaloz” donated property in Urdasacu to Leire monastery[291].]  m ---.  The name of Aznar's wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [GARCÍA Aznárez (-after 1074).  The references to the señorío de Huarte suggest that García Aznárez may have been the son of Aznar Fortúnez.  "Senior Garcia Acenariz" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated to [2 Feb 1054/1063][292]Señor en Lerín.  “…Senior Garsia Acenariz in Lerin…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[293]Señor en Huarte.  “…Senior Garcia Aznariz, Uugarte…” witnessed a charter for Irache dated 1070[294].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Garsea Azenariz in Uarte…[295].  "Sancius rex" granted the villa of Ezquíroz to "ancilla mea domina Eximina [et] filio meo Raymonde quem habui en te" by charter dated 18 Jul 1071, subscribed by "…Garcea Acenariz dominante Vartes…"[296].  “…Senior Garcia Acenarez in Uhart…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 17 Apr 1072[297].  “…Senior Garcia Azneariz dominator Uharte…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[298].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Garcea Acenariz in Huarte…"[299].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Garcia Açnariç, Uarte…"[300]

d)         [SANCHA Fortúnez (-after [1057]).  “Domina Santia Fortuniones” donated property in Huarte to Leire monastery, confirmed by “Dominator Huarte, senior Acenari Fortuniones”, by charter dated [1057], witnessed by “Infans Fortunio Eximinones, Senior Gacia Sanç de Idoia…[301].  It is not certain that Sancha was the sister of Aznar Fortúnez but this appears possible.  It is assumed that “Infans Fortunio Eximinones” was also a relative but he has not yet been positively identified.] 

 

7.         GALINDO --- ([920/30]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Galindo´s wife is not known.  Galindo & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         JIMENO Galindez (after 13 Nov 972).  “…Scemeno Galindoniz…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[302]

b)         [DATO Galíndez (-after 1 Jan 985).  “...Dato Galindonis...” confirmed the charter dated 1 Jan 985 under which “Sanctio principem...cum coniuge mea Urraca et filios nostros Garsea et Ranemiro una cum Gundesabo” granted “villa in territorio Ataresensem...Badagues” to “domno Santio presbiter Ataresense[303].] 

 

8.         GARCÍA --- ([900/10]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had two children: 

a)         FORTÚN García (-after 997).  "Garsea Sancionis rex…cum coniuge mea Tarasia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated [956], confirmed by "Gundissalvus comes, Ranimirus comes, Didacus comes, Fertunius dux et abba, Fertunius Garseanis, sennor Lope Garseanis suus germanus…"[304].  "Garsea Sancionis cum matre mea Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated Sep 957, confirmed by "…Fortunius Garsee…"[305].  "Garsea Sancionis rex…cum genitrice mea Tota regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 6 Apr [959], confirmed by "…Furtunius Garseanis, Eximinus Vigilanis, Lope Garseanis…"[306].  "Santio rex simulque frater meus Ranimirus et dompna Urraca regina" confirmed a donation to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 971, confirmed by "…Furtunio Galindonis dux, sennor Eximino Santionis, Furtunio Garseanis…"[307].  Two different individuals named “…Furtunio Garseanis…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[308].  Two different individuals “…Furtunio Garseanis…Furtun Garcez…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[309].  "…Furtunio Garseanis...Furtunio Garseanis…" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[310].  "Sancio rex…" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 992, signed by "…Furtunius Garseanis…"[311].  "Garsia rex cum coniuge mea Eximina regina et matre mea Urraca regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 997, signed by "…sennor Fortunio Garsie…"[312]

b)         LOPE García (-after 992).  "…Lope Garseanis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Sep [952] for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[313].  "Garsea Sancionis rex…cum coniuge mea Tarasia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated [956], confirmed by "Gundissalvus comes, Ranimirus comes, Didacus comes, Fertunius dux et abba, Fertunius Garseanis, sennor Lope Garseanis suus germanus…"[314].  "Garsea Sancionis cum matre mea Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated Sep 957, confirmed by "…senior Lope Garseiz…"[315].  "Garsea Sancionis rex…cum coniuge mea Tarasia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated Sep 957, confirmed by "Didacus comes, Ranimiro comes, Eximinus Vigilanis, Lope Garseanis"[316].  "Garsea Sancionis rex…cum genitrice mea Tota regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 6 Apr [959], confirmed by "…Furtunius Garseanis, Eximinus Vigilanis, Lope Garseanis…"[317].  "Sancio rex…" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 992, signed by "…Lope Garseanis…"[318]

 

9.         GARCÍA --- ([925/35]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN García (-after 15 Aug [981]).  Two different individuals named “…Furtunio Garseanis…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[319].  Two different individuals “…Furtunio Garseanis…Furtun Garcez…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[320].  "…Furtunio Garseanis...Furtunio Garseanis…" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[321]

b)         [ÍÑIGO García (-after 6 May 985).  Only the shared patronymic and the favourable chronology suggests that García Fortúnez may have been the brother of Jimeno Fortúnez.  "…Enego Garsia…" subscribed a charter dated 6 May 985 of the monastery of San Martín de Albelda[322].] 

 

10.      GARCÍA --- ([925/35]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is assumed that this García is a different person from the father of Fortún García shown above as no other brothers or sisters are named in the 991 charter which names Sancho García and his sister Toda.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had two children: 

a)         SANCHO García (-after 15 Feb 991).  “…Sanctio Garseanis…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[323].  "Senior Santio Garssianis et germana mea dompna Tota" donated the monastery of Bayacoa to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 15 Feb 991[324].  In the compilation, this latter charter is attributed to King Sancho García Abarca.  However, no other charter has yet been identified in which the king is referred to only as “senior”.  In any case, no other record has yet been found that the king had a sister named Toda. 

b)         TODA García (-after 15 Feb 991).  "Senior Santio Garssianis et germana mea dompna Tota" donated the monastery of Bayacoa to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 15 Feb 991[325]

 

11.      GARCÍA --- ([940/55]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Aurelio was born around the same time as his supposed wife.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         AURELIO García (-after 13 Apr 1042).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1087 under which her daughter “dompna Sancia Oriol” donated Zabalza and Idocin to Leire monastery, for the souls of “patris mei Oriol Garceiz et matris mee Tota Ranimiriz…[326].  “…Auriolo Gardeleiz…” witnessed a charter dated [1034] for Leire monastery[327].  García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire monastery by two charters dated 13 Apr 1042 and one in 1042, confirmed by "…Senior Auriol Garceiz…"[328].  Aurelio García is listed among the other better known Navarrese nobles in these three charters.  His absence from any later documentation suggests that he died soon afterwards.  m TODA Ramírez, daughter of [RAMIRO García de Viguera & his wife --- ([965/80]-)].  Her marriage and patronymic are confirmed by the charter dated 1087 under which her daughter “dompna Sancia Oriol” donated Zabalza and Idocin to Leire monastery, for the souls of “patris mei Oriol Garceiz et matris mee Tota Ranimiriz…[329].  The identity of her father as Ramiro García de Viguera is not certain.  However, the chronology appears to be favourable and no other Ramiro has been identified at that time among the Navarrese nobility.  Aurelio & his wife had [seven] children: 

i)          AZNAR Auréliez (-after 7 Dec 1057).  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Munnia domna" donated property to the monastery of Albelda by charter dated 17 Dec 1024, confirmed by "…senior Asnar Orioliz"[330]Señor en Val de Araquíl.  "…Acenari Oriol dominator Val de Araquil" subscribed a charter dated to [1030] for the church of Pamplona[331].  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium atque Aragonensium seu Leonensium" restored property to the church of Pamplona by charter dated 1007, redated to [1032], witnessed by "senior Acenar Auriol dominus de Val de Araquil…"[332].  “Domina Santia, filia de senior Eximino Ennecones de Lerda” sold property “molinos…y la padula de San Vicente” to Leire monastery by charter dated 19 Sep [1055], signed by “senior Acenari Orioli de Ouielba et de Catamesas…[333].  “…Senior Aceari Oriele…” subscribed a charter dated 7 Dec 1057 under which Sancho IV King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of Albelda[334]

ii)         GARCÍA Auréliez (-after 1047).  There is no indication that the father of García Auréliez and Velasco Auréliez was the same person except for the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.  If they shared the same father as Aznar Auréliez, the dating of the sources in which the latter is named suggest that he was the oldest brother.  “…Senior Garsea Orioliz…” subscribed three charters for the monastery of Leire dated 1042, 1043 and 1047[335].  “…Senior Garsia Orilois…” subscribed a charter for Santa María la Real de Nájera dated 2 Nov 1044[336].  [m [firstly] SANCHA, daughter of --- (-[1036/43] or after).  “Doña Sancha de Baón” donated her share of the castle of San Juan and her property in Berbués to San Justo de Val, for the souls of “her husband Garcia Oriol and son Oriol Garces”, by charter dated to [1036/43][337].  It is not certain that this charter refers to the same García Auréliez but the chronology is favourable and no other contemporary noble with this name/patronymic combination has yet been identified.]  [m [secondly] JIMENA, daughter of --- (-after 9 May 1060).  “Domina Eximina coniux senioris Garsia Auriolis” donated property at Ardués [Nardués] by charter dated 9 May 1060[338].  It is not clear whether this is the wife of the same García Auréliez who is named in the 1040s but no other contemporary noble with this name/patronymic combination has yet been identified.  If the identification of García´s wife Sancha is correct, Jimena would have been his second wife.]  García & his [first] wife had [one] child]: 

(a)       [AURELIO García (-after 27 Nov [1071]).  [“Doña Sancha de Baón” donated her share of the castle of San Juan and her property in Berbués to San Justo de Val, for the souls of “her husband Garcia Oriol and son Oriol Garces”, by charter dated to [1036/43][339].]  The two charters dated 29 Sep [1071] relating to property in Aspurz suggest a close relationship between Aurelio García and Sancha Auréliez.  It is suggested that Aurelio was her nephew by her brother García.  The charter dated 26 Sep [1071] under which “dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” names “frater meus Oriol Arceiz vel germana mea dompna Atharesa[340].] 

García & his [second] wife had two children: 

(b)       [URRACA García (-after 27 Nov [1071]).  “Dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” from “dompno seniore Auriole Sanoiz”, specifying that this was his part from “dompna Sancia, dompna Oneca et dompna Urraca”, and from “dompno seniore Xemeno Orioliz et de seniore Oriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071], the latter purchase being witnessed by “senior Lope Orioliz et suo filio senior Garsia Lopiz”, the charter also naming “frater meus Oriol Arceiz vel germana mea dompna Atharesa[341].  If the identification of Sancha, first wife of García Auréliez and mother of Aurelio García, is correct as shown above, the absence of Urraca and Ataresa from her charter dated to [1036/43] suggests that they were not her children.] 

(c)       [ATARESA García (-after 27 Nov [1071]).  The charter dated 26 Sep [1071] under which “dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” names “frater meus Oriol Arceiz vel germana mea dompna Atharesa[342].  If the identification of Sancha, first wife of García Auréliez and mother of Aurelio García, is correct as shown above, the absence of Urraca and Ataresa from her charter dated to [1036/43] suggests that they were not her children.] 

iii)        [VELASCO Auréliez (-after 10 Oct 1054).  There is no indication that the father of García Auréliez and Velasco Auréliez was the same person except for the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.  If they shared the same father as Aznar Auréliez, the dating of the sources in which the latter is named suggest that he was the oldest brother.  Señor en Biele.  “...Senior Velasco Arioli in Bieli...” subscribed the charter dated 1044 under which Ramiro I King of Aragon granted “kasas...in Larossa” to “Enneco Lupe creatum meum...cum coniuge tua et creata mea...Maior[343]…Senior Belasco Orioli…” subscribed a charter for Santa María la Real de Nájera dated 26 Dec 1046[344]...Senior Velasco Arioli in Bieli...” subscribed the charter dated 10 Oct 1054 under which Ramiro I King of Aragon donated “monasterium...Sancti Martini de Sarasso...inter Larosse et Orzasso” to “Eximino presbiter creato meo[345].] 

iv)       [FORTÚN Auréliez (-after 29 Jul 1040).  There is no indication that the father of García Auréliez and Fortún Auréliez was the same person except for the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.  Maior domus of the royal household: “…Fortun Orioli maiordomi regis…” subscribed a charter for San Millán de la Cogolla dated 29 Jul 1040[346]same person as…?  FORTÚN Auréliez (-after 4 Dec 1097).  "Senior Fortunio Ariol" is named in the dating clause of a charter for monastery of San Andrés de Fanlo dated 4 Dec 1097[347].]  

v)        SANCHA Auréliez (-after 1087).  “Domna Sancha Auriel simulque filia mea Sancia Sancionis” sold “las villas de Villanueva, Santa María, Mentosa, Bozo, Beod y Salce” to Leire by charter dated 1065[348]Sancia Orioliz” granted her part of “los palacios de Aspurz”, and the part of “dompna Oneca”, to “senior Auriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071][349].  “Dompna Santia Orioliz” bequeathed the town and monastery of Santa María de Zabalza and the town of Idocin to “filie sue domne Santie Sanctionis” by charter dated 1084[350].  “Dompna Sancia Oriol” donated Zabalza and Idocin to Leire monastery, for the souls of “patris mei Oriol Garceiz et matris mee Tota Ranimiriz…meo seniore Sancio Fortuniones…meas filias Tota Sancionis et Sancia Sancionis”, by charter dated 1087[351]m SANCHO Fortúnez, son of SANCHO --- & his wife --- (-before 1065). 

vi)       ONECA [Auréliez] .  “Sancia Orioliz” granted her part of “los palacios de Aspurz”, and the part of “dompna Oneca”, to “senior Auriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071][352].  This charter does not specify the relationship between Sancha Auréliez and Aurelio Sánchez.  However, as the charter dated 1065 (quoted above) confirms that Sancha´s husband was named Sancho, it is likely that he was her son.  The relationship with Oneca is not specified either, but it would make sense if she was a sister of Sancha Auréliez.  This hypothesis is supported by the charter also dated 26 Sep [1071] under which “dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” from “dompno seniore Auriole Sanoiz”, specifying that this was his part from “dompna Sancia, dompna Oneca et dompna Urraca[353]

vii)      URRACA [Auréliez] .  The charter dated 26 Sep [1071] under which “dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” from “dompno seniore Auriole Sanoiz”, specifying that this was his part from “dompna Sancia, dompna Oneca et dompna Urraca[354], suggests that Sancha, Oneca and Urraca were all sisters. 

b)         [JIMENO García (-after 1063).  No indication has been found that Aurelio García and Jimeno García were brothers apart from the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.  Señor en Azofra.  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz de Azofra…Senior Eximino Garceiz regi domno Ranimiro nutrix…” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1046 for Santa Mará la Real de Nájera[355], confirming that there were two noblemen of the same name at that time.  Given the birth of Ramiro King of Aragon in the early 1000s, it is more likely that his “nutrix” can be identified with Jimeno García Señor en Sos who is recorded as such in the early years of the century.  Señor en Lizarrara.  “…Senior Xemen Garceiz dominator Lizarrara…” subscribed a charter dated 18 Nov 1047 for Leire monastery[356]…Senior Eximino Garceiz dominans Azagra…” subscribed a charter dated 1 Nov 1048 for Albelda monastery[357].  The charters do not show more than two noblemen named Jimeno García in the mid-11th century.  It is likely therefore that one of these entries relates to Jimeno García Señor en Sos and the other to Jimeno García Señor en Azafra, although it is not known which entry might be linked to which person.  “Senior Eximino Garceiz de Azagara…” subscribed a charter dated 4 Jun [1055] for Leire monastery[358].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Eximino Garceiz de Azagara…[359].  [Señor en SenebueSeñor en Ara.  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz dominator Senebui vel de Ara…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[360].  “Senior Eximino Garceiz dominante in Senebue…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated [28/31] Dec 1058 under which “Senior Garcia Blascones de Escaloz” donated property in Urdasacu to Leire monastery[361].]  “…Senior Scemeno Garceiç dominator Liçarrara…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1063[362]

c)         [SANCHO García (-after 1048).  “…Dompno Santio Garssianes de Arrienda et Garssia Sanç de Arruesta, filio de domina Sili…” acted as guarantors in a charter dated 1048 for Leire monastery[363].  No other reference has been found to either of these individuals.  The charter itself does not specify that they were “senior” and it is possible that they were not members of the first tier of nobility in Navarre.] 

 

12.      GÓMEZ (after 992).  Maior domus at the royal court: "…Gomiz maiordomus…" subscribed a charter dated 992 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[364]

 

13.      GONZALO --- ([930/40]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Vela was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Gonzalo´s wife is not known.  Gonzalo & his wife had one child: 

a)         VELA González (-after 998).  "…Senior Beila Gundisavloz…" subscribed a charter dated 998 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[365]

 

14.      ÍÑIGO --- ([925/35]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         FORTÚN Iñíguez (-after 15 Aug [981]).  “…Furtun Semenez…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[366].  "…Furtunio Enniconis…" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[367]

b)         [GALINDO Iñíguez (after 13 Nov 972).  “…Galindo Enneconis…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[368].  No indication has been found that Fortún Iñíguez and Galindo Iñíguez were brothers except for the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.] 

 

15.      JIMENO --- ([900/910]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Jiménez (-after 959).  Pincerna at the royal court: "…Fertunius Scemononis pincerna…" subscribed a charter dated 956 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[369]Armiger at the royal court: "…Fortunius Scemononis armiger…" subscribed a charter dated 6 Apr 959 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[370].  It is likely that these entries refer to one or both of the other two individuals named Fortún Jiménez in the late 10th century as positions at court were habitually filled by younger noblemen for a limited time.  If it is correct that younger noblemen were appointed to positions at court in the late 10th century, then this Fortún Jiménez is unlikely to have been the same Fortún Jiménez who was recorded as stabularius in 992 (see below). 

 

16.      JIMENO --- ([925/35]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Galindo was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         GALINDO Jiménez (after 30 Nov 972).  “…Galindo Semenez…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[371]

 

17.      JIMENO --- ([920/35]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Jiménez (-after 996).  "…Furtunio Scemenonis...Furtunio Scemenonis…" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug 981 for the monastery of Leire[372].  "Sancio rex…" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 992, signed by "…Fortunius Eximinonis, alius Fortunius Eximinonis, Fortunius Eximinonis maior equorum…"[373].  "…Fortunio Scemenones, alius Fortunionius Scemenones…" subscribed a charter dated 996 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[374]

 

18.      JIMENO --- ([920/35]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Jiménez (-after 997).  "…Furtunio Scemenonis...Furtunio Scemenonis…" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[375].  "Sancio rex…" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 992, signed by "…Fortunius Eximinonis, alius Fortunius Eximinonis, Fortunius Eximinonis maior equorum…"[376].  "…Fortunio Scemenones, alius Fortunionius Scemenones…" subscribed a charter dated 996 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[377].  "Garsia rex cum coniuge mea Eximina regina et matre mea Urraca regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 997, signed by "…sennor Fortunio Simeonis…"[378]

 

19.      JIMENO --- ([955/65]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Jiménez (-after 992).  Stabularius at the royal court: "Sancio rex…" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 992, signed by "…Fortunius Eximinonis, alius Fortunius Eximinonis, Fortunius Eximinonis maior equorum…"[379].  It is likely that this entry refer to one of the other younger Fortún Jiménez named below as positions at court were habitually filled by younger noblemen for a limited time.  If it is correct that younger noblemen were appointed to positions at court in the late 10th century, then this Fortún Jiménez is unlikely to have been the same Fortún Jiménez who was recorded as pincerna in 956 and armiger in 959 (see above). 

b)         [ÍÑIGO Jiménez (-after 6 Jul 1014).  Señor en UncastelloThe dating clause of the charter dated 6 Jul 1014, under which Sancho III King of Navarre donated “monasteriolum Sancti Sebastiani de Asahon” to San Juan de la Peña, records “...senior Enneco Xemenons in Uno castello[380].] 

 

20.      LOPE --- ([920/35]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA López (after 15 Aug [981]).  "…Garsea Lopiz…" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[381]

 

21.      NUÑO --- ([935/45]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Nuño´s wife is not known.  Nuño & his wife had one child: 

a)         ANSUR Núñez (-after 998).  Señor en Pontecurbo"Senior Assur Nunez dominante Ponticurvo" is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 998 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[382]

 

22.      SANCHO --- ([910/25]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA Sánchez (after 30 Nov 972).  “…Garsea Sanz…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[383].  ["…Garsea fidelis…" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug 981 for the monastery of Leire[384], who may be identifiable with García Sánchez.] 

 

23.      SANCHO --- ([920/35]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Aznar was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         AZNAR Sánchez (-after 31 Dec 997).  "…Eximino Sanccionis…Asinarii Sanccionis…Oggua Sanccionis" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[385].  "…Acenari Sanctionis de Senkesi…" subscribed a charter dated 31 Dec 997 for the monastery of Leire[386]

b)         [JIMENO Sánchez (-after 31 Dec 997).  The only indication found that Aznar Sánchez, Jimeno Sánchez and Ochoa Sánchez were brothers is that they all subscribed the [981] Leire charter, although their names are not contiguous in the document.  "Santio…rex…cum fratre meo Ranimiro et domna Urraca regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated [10 Dec 970], confirmed by "…Fortunio Galindonis, Scemeno Santionis…"[387].  "Santio rex simulque frater meus Ranimirus et dompna Urraca regina" confirmed a donation to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 971, confirmed by "…Furtunio Galindonis dux, sennor Eximino Santionis, Furtunio Garseanis…"[388].  “…Scemeno Sanzioniz…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[389].  “…Semeno Sancionis…” subscribed a charter dated 30 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[390].  “…Eximino Sanciones…” subscribed a charter dated 15 Feb 978 for the monastery of Siresa[391].  "…Eximino Sanccionis…" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[392].  "…Simeon Sancii…" subscribed a charter dated 996 of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[393].  "…Eximino Sanccionis…Asinarii Sanccionis…Oggua Sanccionis" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[394].  “Eximino Santionis, Enneco Santionis...” confirmed the charter dated 1 Jan 985 under which “Sanctio principem...cum coniuge mea Urraca et filios nostros Garsea et Ranemiro una cum Gundesabo” granted “villa in territorio Ataresensem...Badagues” to “domno Santio presbiter Ataresense[395].] 

c)         [OCHOA] [LOPE] Sánchez (-after 15 Aug [981]).  The only indication found that Aznar Sánchez, Jimeno Sánchez and Ochoa Sánchez were brothers is that they all subscribed the [981] Leire charter, although their names are not contiguous in the document.  "…Eximino Sanccionis…Asinarii Sanccionis…Oggua Sanccionis" subscribed a charter dated 15 Aug [981] for the monastery of Leire[396].  The etymology of the name Ochoa deserves investigation.  In modern Basque, the word otso means wolf (lobo in castellano Spanish)[397].  The question then arises whether Ochoa, and its spelling variations, represent the same name as Lope.] 

d)         [ÍÑIGO Sánchez (-after 1 Jan 985).  “Eximino Santionis, Enneco Santionis...” confirmed the charter dated 1 Jan 985 under which “Sanctio principem...cum coniuge mea Urraca et filios nostros Garsea et Ranemiro una cum Gundesabo” granted “villa in territorio Ataresensem...Badagues” to “domno Santio presbiter Ataresense[398].] 

 

24.      SANCHO --- ([955/65]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA Sánchez (after 997).  Maior domus at the royal court: "…Garsia Sancii maiordomus…" subscribed a charter dated 996 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[399]Stabularius at the royal court: "…Garsia Sancii maior equorum…" subscribed a charter dated 997 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[400].  It is likely that these entries refer to one of the other younger García Sánchez named below as positions at court were habitually filled by younger noblemen for a limited time.  It is assumed that they both refer to the same person, transferred between court positions. 

 

25.      VITACO --- ([900/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Vitaco´s wife is not known.  Vitaco & his wife had one child: 

a)         JIMENO Vitacoz (-after 13 Nov 972).  “…Scemeno Vitacoz…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Nov 972 of the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[401]

 

 

 

D.      NAVARRESE NOBILITY (EARLY 11th CENTURY)

 

 

1.         ÁLVARO --- ([960/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Lope was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Álvaro´s wife is not known.  Álvaro & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOPE Álvarez (-1025 or after).  The common patronymic and the favourable chronology provide the only indications that Lope Álvarez may have been the brother of Munio Álvarez.  “Senior Lope Albarez et...sua mulier domna domna Blasquita” donated “villa Votia” to San Juan de la Peña by charter dated 1025, witnessed by “senior Garcia Lopez...[402]m VELASQUITA, daughter of --- (-1025 or after).  “Senior Lope Albarez et...sua mulier domna domna Blasquita” donated “villa Votia” to San Juan de la Peña by charter dated 1025, witnessed by “senior Garcia Lopez...[403]It is possible that García López was their son, if this is correct, Lope Álvarez was the same person as Lope ---.  “Domna Blasquita de Bodia” sold “villa...Araguase” to “senior Garcia Lopez et ad sua uxor Sancia Azenarez de Bagona” by charter dated to [1025][404]. 

 

2.         ÁLVARO m [firstly] ---.  [m secondly as her second husband, ANDREGOTO, widow of SANCHO Macerátez, daughter of --- & his wife --- (-after 1075).  Her [first] marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1104/09] under which her daughter “dompna Sancia soror dompni Sancii comitis de Pampilona” donated her “heredad…en Obanos” to Irache monastery naming “genetricis mee dompne Andregote[405].  "Domna Endrigoto" donated the monastery of San Salvador de Bernués in Aragon and “in villa Leres iuxta Pardinilla illa racione de senior Sancio Alvarez” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "ex avuncula mea regina domna Endrigoto", by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita” and witnessed by “sennor Sancio Galindoz in Atares, sennor Lope Garceiz in Uncastello et in Ruesta[406].  Her possible second marriage is suggested by the reference to “senior Sancio Alvarez” in this 1075 charter.  He must have had a close connection to Andregoto to explain why she was donating his portion of property to the monastery.  The donation also suggests that he had died before the date of the charter, and maybe that Andregoto had inherited the property from him.  Another clue to his identity is provided by the charter dated 1106 under which Andregoto´s daughter "dompna Sancia filia Sancii Meceratez" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla for the soul of “Sancionis Albaronis mei primi congermani[407].  It is difficult to interpret the meaning of “primi congermani”.  It implies that Sancha and Sancho Álvarez were raised together “as siblings”.  “Primus” suggests that Sancho was the first among others with whom Sancha had a similar position.  One possibility would be that Andregoto married again after the death of Sancho Macerátez and that Sancho Álvarez was the son of her second husband by an earlier marriage.  The more likely possibility is that “primi congermani” should be interpreted as meaning first cousin (either on the paternal or maternal side of the family), in line with “primo” meaning cousin in modern Castilian Spanish, in which case this proposed second marriage would not have taken place.]  Álvaro & his [first] wife had [two or more possible children]: 

a)         [SANCHO Álvarez .  "Domna Endrigoto" donated the monastery of San Salvador de Bernués in Aragon and “in villa Leres iuxta Pardinilla illa racione de senior Sancio Alvarez” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075[408].  "Dompna Sancia filia Sancii Meceratez" donated property “hereditatem…meam propriam turrem in Naiera” and “casas quas comparavi de dompno Sancio Scrivano” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of “Sancionis Albaronis mei primi congermani”, by charter dated 1106[409].] 

b)         [--- .  If the reasoning set out above relating to the second possible marriage of Álvaro to Andregoto, Álvaro probably had more than one child by his supposed first marriage.] 

Álvaro & his [second] wife had [two possible children]: 

c)         [JIMENA [Álvarez] (-after 1075).  "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita[410].  If the hypothesis about Andregoto´s second marriage is correct, the two youngest daughters mentioned could have been her children by her second husband, in which case their patronymic would have been Álvarez.] 

d)         [VELASQUITA [Álvarez] (-after 1075).  "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita[411].  If the hypothesis about Andregoto´s second marriage is correct, the two youngest daughters mentioned could have been her children by her second husband, in which case their patronymic would have been Álvarez.] 

 

3.         AZNAR --- ([970/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         GARCÍA Aznárez (-after 4 Jun [1055]).  “…Senior Garcia Acenariz…” subscribed two charters for Leire dated 13 Aug 1043 and 1047[412].  Señor en Oca.  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Garcia Acenariz dominans Auka…"[413].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Garcia Azenariz dominator Auca…"[414].  “…Senior Garcia Acenariz…” subscribed three charters for San Millán de la Cogolla dated 1049, 17 Feb 1050 and 8 Nov 1050, the last of which names him “dominantur Aucha[415].  “…Senior Garseas Acenariz de Herga…” subscribed a charter dated 4 Jun [1055] for Leire monastery[416]

b)         [VELASCO Aznárez (-after [1034]).  "Senior Blasco Asnari" donated the monastery of San Salvador y San Miguel de Izalzu to Leire monastery by charter dated to [1034][417].  This charter is witnessed by eight subscribers, only the first of whom is accorded the title “senior”, which suggests that they may not have belonged to the first tier of Navarrese nobility and so were not ancestors of the later nobles shown in this document.  This appears corroborated by their absence from any other contemporary charters.  The same may be true of Velasco Aznárez who is not named in other charters either.] 

c)         [AURELIO Aznárez (-after 19 Sep [1055]).  The common patronymic and the favourable chronology provide the only indications that Aurelio Aznárez may have been the brother of García Aznárez.  “Domina Santia, filia de senior Eximino Ennecones de Lerda” sold property “molinos…y la padula de San Vicente” to Leire monastery by charter dated 19 Sep [1055], signed by “Senior Oriol Asnari de Serramiana…[418].] 

 

4.         AZNAR --- ([980/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had [five] children:

a)         JIMENO Aznárez (-[12 Mar 1076/1083]).  Señor en Tafalla"Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "…senior Semeno Acenariç, Taffalla…"[419].  “…Sennor Eximino Azenariz…” subscribed a charter dated 27 Aug 1045 for San Millán de la Cogolla[420].  “…Senior Eximino Acenariz de Tafalia…” subscribed a charter dated 4 Jun [1055] for Leire monastery[421].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Eximino Acenariz de Tafailla…[422].  “…Senior Eximino Acenariz dominator Tafailla…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[423].  “…Senior Scemeno Açenariç et suus frater senior Garsea Açenariç…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1061[424].  "Ranimirus infans, Garsea rex prolis" donated property to the prior of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [20 Jul 1062], confirmed by "…senior Eximino Azenariz dominator Tafalia…"[425].  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Eximinus Acenariz dominans Tafalie…"[426].  “…Senior Scemeno Acenariç dominator Tafalia…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1063[427].  “…Senior Eximino Acenariz, dominator Tafalia…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[428].  “…Senior Scemeno Acenariz dominator Tafalga…”  witnessed the charter dated 15 Jun 1064 under which “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia” donated property to Leire, signing first among the lay subscribers[429].  “…Senior Xemen Acenarz in Tafalia…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[430].  “…Senior Eximino Acenariz in Tafalia…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[431].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Scemen Acenariz in Taffalla…[432].  "Eximino Acenareç…cum coniuge mea Santia Sanciz" donated the monastery of San Miguel junto a Zuazu en Araquíl to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 14 Apr 1068[433].  “…Senior Eximino Acenariz in Tafalia…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[434].  [Señor en Iubera.  “…Senior Semeno Aznariz in Iuero…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1068[435].  No other Jimeno Aznárez has been identified to whom this can refer apart from Jimeno Aznárez Señor en Tafalla.  “…Senior Eximino Acenariz in Iuero…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 22 Mar 1069[436].]  “…Senior Scimeno Aznariz, Tafalia…” witnessed a charter for Irache dated 1070[437].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Eximeno Azenariz in Tafalya…[438].  "Sancius rex" granted the villa of Ezquíroz to "ancilla mea domina Eximina [et] filio meo Raymonde quem habui en te" by charter dated 18 Jul 1071, subscribed by "…Eximino Acenariz dominante Atefallia…"[439].  “…Senior Eximino Acenaris, Regimundus frater eius…” confirmed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1071[440].  “…Senior Scemeno Azenariz dominator Tafalia…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[441]Señor en Petralta.  “…Senior Xemen Acenarz in Tafalia et Petralta…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[442].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Scemeno Azenariz in Tafalia…"[443].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Scimeno Açnariç, Tafalia…"[444].  “…Senior Eximino Acenariç in Thaphalia…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[445].  "Sanctius…rex…cum uxore mea domina Placentia regina" declared the rights of towns in Urranci by charter dated 1 Jun 1075, witnessed by "senior Scemeno Azenarez de Tafalia…"[446].  “Senior Scemeno Acenariz, dominator Tafalla…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 12 Mar 1076, signing first in the list of subscribers[447]m SANCHA Sánchez, daughter of SANCHO Fortúnez & his wife ---.  "Eximino Acenareç…cum coniuge mea Santia Sanciz" donated the monastery of San Miguel junto a Zuazu en Araquíl to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 14 Apr 1068[448].  “Dompna Sancia Sanz” confirmed a donation to Leire by “senior Eximino Acenariz…post mortem mariti sui”, with “filio suo Acenari Ezcherra et dompna Sancia soror…germana predicti senior Eximino Acenariz”, by charter dated 1083[449].  "Domina Sancia Semenoitz" donated property "villa Eneriz quam habui ex parte matris mee…domina Sancia Sancii" and "alias hereditates…ex parte avi mei senioris Sancii Fortunionis" to Santa María de Pamplona before leaving for Jerusalem, by charter dated 1105[450].  Jimeno & his wife had three children: 

i)          AZNAR Jiménez “Ezcherra” (-after 1083).  “Dompna Sancia Sanz” confirmed a donation to Leire by “senior Eximino Acenariz…post mortem mariti sui”, with “filio suo Acenari Ezcherra et dompna Sancia soror…germana predicti senior Eximino Acenariz”, by charter dated 1083[451]

ii)         SANCHA Jiménez (-after 1105).  "Domina Sancia Semenoitz" donated property "villa Eneriz quam habui ex parte matris mee…domina Sancia Sancii" and "alias hereditates…ex parte avi mei senioris Sancii Fortunionis" to Santa María de Pamplona before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "filio meo Petro Muniotç", by charter dated 1105, which names "mee nepote…Tota Sancii…alias propter animam sororis mee domine Andre Goto Semenoitz"[452]m MUNIO ---, son of ---.  Munio & his wife had one child: 

(a)       PEDRO Munioz (-after 1105).  "Domina Sancia Semenoitz" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona, with the consent of "filio meo Petro Muniotç", by charter dated 1105[453]

iii)        ANDREGOTO Jiménez (-before 1105).  "Domina Sancia Semenoitz" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona before leaving for Jerusalem by charter dated 1105, which names "mee nepote…Tota Sancii…alias propter animam sororis mee domine Andre Goto Semenoitz"[454]

b)         GARCÍA Aznárez (-after 1061).  “…Senior Scemeno Açenariç et suus frater senior Garsea Açenariç…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1061[455]

c)         RAMÓN [Aznárez] (-after 1071).  “…Senior Eximino Acenaris, Regimundus frater eius…” confirmed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1071[456]

d)         SANCHA Aznárez (-after 1083).  “Dompna Sancia Sanz” confirmed a donation to Leire by “senior Eximino Acenariz…post mortem mariti sui”, with “filio suo Acenari Ezcherra et dompna Sancia soror…germana predicti senior Eximino Acenariz”, by charter dated 1083[457]

e)         [FORTÚN Aznárez (-after 12 Mar 1076).  The patronymic, the favourable chronology and the common reference to the señorío de Petralta suggest that Fortún Aznárez may have been the brother of Jimeno Aznárez.  Señor en Funes.  "Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "…senior Fortun Acenariç, Funes…"[458].  “…Senior Fortunio Acenariz in Funes et in Arrioz…” is named in the dating clause of the charter dated 19 Sep [1055] under which “Domina Santia, filia de senior Eximino Ennecones de Lerda” sold property “molinos…y la padula de San Vicente” to Leire monastery[459].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Fortunio Acenarz de Funes…[460].  “…Senior Fortunio Acenariz dominator Funes…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[461]Señor en Arriezo.  “…Senior Fortun Azenariz dominator Funes et Arriezo…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060[462].  “…Senior Fortunio Acenariz in Funes…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Dec [1061][463].  "Ranimirus infans, Garsea rex prolis" donated property to the prior of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [20 Jul 1062], confirmed by "…senior Fortuni Azenariz dominator Funes…"[464].  “…Senior Fertunio Açenariç dominator Funes…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 7 Feb 1063[465].  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Fortunius Acenarç dominans Funes…"[466].  [Señor en Deio.  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Fortunio Aznarez dominator Deio…"[467].]  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “villa…Leherha [Lerda]” to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria” by charter dated 22 Jan [1064][468].  “…Senior Fertunio Azenariz dominator Funes…”  witnessed the charter dated 15 Jun 1064 under which “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia” donated property to Leire, signing first among the lay subscribers[469].  “…Senior Fortunio Acenariz in Funes…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[470].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra confirmed rights to the people of San Anacleto by charter dated 30 Nov 1065, confirmed by "…senior Fortunio Acenariz dominator Funes…"[471].  “…Senior Fortunio Acenariz in Funes…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[472].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Fortunio Acenariz in Funes[473].  "Eximino Acenareç…cum coniuge mea Santia Sanciz" donated the monastery of San Miguel junto a Zuazu en Araquíl to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 14 Apr 1068, witnessed by "…Fortunio Açnarez in Funes"[474].  "Sancius rex" granted the villa of Ezquíroz to "ancilla mea domina Eximina [et] filio meo Raymonde quem habui en te" by charter dated 18 Jul 1071, subscribed by "…Fortunio Garceyç dominante Funes, Fortunio Garcey dominante Calagurra…"[475], the former probably being an error for "Fortunio Açnareç".  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of San Cosme y San Damián to "senior Enneco Azenari fidele meo" by charter dated 21 Aug 1072, confirmed by "…senior Furtunio Azenariz dominator Funes…"[476].  “…Senior Fortunio Acenarz in Funes…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[477]Señor en Petralta.  “…Senior Fortun Aznariz, Petra Alta…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 23 Nov 1072[478].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Furtun Açnariç, Petra Alta…"[479].  “…Senior Fortunio Acenaric in Funes…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[480].  "Sanctius…rex…cum uxore mea domina Placentia regina" declared the rights of towns in Urranci by charter dated 1 Jun 1075, witnessed by "…Fortunio Açenarez de Funes…"[481].  “…Senior Fortunio Acenariz, in Funes…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 12 Mar 1076[482]m AURIA, daughter of ---.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “villa…Leherha [Lerda]” to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria” by charter dated 22 Jan [1064][483].  The señor de Funes is the only contemporary nobleman named Fortún Aznárez who has yet been identified in primary sources.  Fortún & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [JIMENO Fortúnez (-after Apr [1102]).  Señor en PetraltaSeñor in HuarteThe dating clause of the charter dated Feb 1096, under which Pedro I King of Aragon donated serfs to San Miguel de Excelsis, records “...senior Eximino Fortuniones in Petralta et in Huart[484]"Petrus rex" granted water for mills to the people of Marcilla by charter dated Apr [1102], witnessed by "…senior Semen Fortuniones de Petralta…"[485]

 

 

5.         AZNAR --- ([990/1005]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ÍÑIGO Aznárez (-after [13 Nov 1092]).  Señor en VigueraGomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted settlement rights to the people of Longares (Albelda) by charter dated 25 Jul 1063, confirmed by "…senior Enneco Azenariz in Vikera…"[486].  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of San Cosme y San Damián to "senior Enneco Azenari fidele meo" by charter dated 21 Aug 1072[487]Señor en Falces.  “…Senior Enneco Acenarz de Falces…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[488].  [Señor en Calahorra.  “…Senior Eneco Azenariz, dominator Kalagurra…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[489].  “…Senior Eneco Acenariç in Calagurra…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[490]. “…Senior Eneco Acenariz, Calagurre…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 12 Mar 1076[491].]  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Enneco Açnariç, Beccaria…"[492].  "Gassea…comes…cum…coniuge Urracha comitissa" donated property to the monastery of San Adrián de las Palmas by charter dated 13 Aug 1084, subscribed by "Senior Eneco Acenariz"[493].  "Domna Sancia" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 13 Nov 1092, the dating clause of which names "…dominante Vekaria Enneco Endura, senior Enneco Azenariz in Okon…"[494].  

b)         [GARCÍA Aznárez (-after 17 May 1075).  The references to the señorío de Falces suggest that Íñigo Aznárez and García Aznárez may have been brothers.  Señor en Falces.  “…Senior Garcia Acenariç in Falces…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[495]

 

 

1.         AZNAR --- ([1000/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Velasco was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had one child:

a)         VELASCO AznárezSeñor en EscalozA charter dated to [1058/61] records various purchases of property by “dompno Blasco Aceariz de Escaloz” for Santa María de Ezcaróz[496].  It is not entirely clear from the document whether Velasco was still alive when it was dated.  m ---.  The name of Velasco´s wife is not known.  Velasco & his wife had one child: 

i)          [GARCÍA Velásquez (-after 31 Dec 1058).  The charter dated 1058 does not specify the patronimic of García´s father.  However, the mention of Escaloz in the charter quoted above suggests that he may have been Velasco Aznárez.  Señor en Escaloz.  “Senior Garcia Blascones de Escaloz” donated property in Urdasacu to Leire monastery by charter dated [28/31] Dec 1058[497]

 

2.         AZNAR --- ([1030/45]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had one child:

a)         SANCHO Aznárez (-after 17 Apr 1072).  Pincerna at the royal court: “…Senior Santio Acenariz pincenarius regis…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[498].  “…Senior Sancio Acenariz scanciano…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 22 Mar 1069[499].  “…pincerna regis, senior Sancio Acenareç…” confirmed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 7 Dec 1071[500].  “…Senior Santio Acenariz pincernario regis…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 17 Apr 1072[501].  “…Senior Santio Acenariz, propinator regis…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[502]

 

 

1.         FERNANDO --- ([990/1010]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fernando was 30 years old when first mentioned.  The name Fernando is less common among Navarrese nobility than in Asturias and León, where the ancestry of Fernando Fernández should presumably be sought.  m ---.  The name of Fernando´s wife is not known.  Fernando & his wife had one child: 

a)         FERNANDO Fernández (-after 1 Dec 1066).  Señor en Nájera.  “Senior Fernando Fernandiz de Najara” subscribed a charter dated 1 Dec 1066 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[503]

 

2.         FERNANDO --- ([990/1010]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  The name Fernando is less common among Navarrese nobility than in Asturias and León, where the ancestry of Sancho Fernández should presumably be sought.  m ---.  The name of Fernando´s wife is not known.  Fernando & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO Fernández (-after 20 Mar 1076).  Señor en Atares"S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Huarte, S[enior] Lop Garcez in Unocastello et in Arrosta, S[enior] Ramon Galindo in Stata, S[enior] Petro Sanz in Boltania et in Mercolo, S[enior] Acenar Xemenez in Gallipienz, S[enior] Sancio Fredelando in Atares, S[enior] Galin Sanz in Sos et in Argedas, S[enior] Enneg Sanz in Montecluso, S[enior] Exemen Garzez in Boil, S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Bail et in Eliso" subscribed the charter dated 20 Mar 1067 under which Sancho I King of Aragon confirmed his father´s donations to Sobrarbe San Victorián[504].  “…Senior Sancio Fredelando in Atares…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated to [1069/70][505].  "S[enior] Fertung in Huarte, S[enior] Lop Garcez in Unocastello et in Arrosta, S[enior] Ramon Galindo in Stata, S[enior] Petro Sanz in Boltania et in Mercorlo, S[enior] Acenar Xemenez in Gallipienz, S[enior] Sancio Fredelando in Atares, S[enior] Galin Sanz in Sos et in Argedas, S[enior] Enneg Sanz in Montecluso, S[enior] Exemen Garzez in Boil, S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Bail et in Eliso" subscribed the charter dated 20 Mar 1076 under which Sancho I King of Aragon confirmed the privileges of Sobrarbe San Victorián[506]

 

3.         FLAÍN --- ([970/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Lope was 30 years old when first mentioned.  The name Flaín is less common among Navarrese nobility than in Asturias and León, where the ancestry of Lope Flaínez should presumably be sought.  m ---.  The name of Flaín´s wife is not known.  Flaín & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOPE Flaínez (-after 31 May 1045).  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042], subscribed by “…sennor Lope Flaginez…[507].  "…Sennor Lope Flaginiz…" confirmed the charter dated 31 May 1045 under which García III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Millán[508]

 

4.         FORTÚN --- ([970/90]-).  It is possible that this Fortún is the same person as the father of García Fortúnez Señor en Leguin (see above).  One of Oneca´s husbands, Sancho or Fortún, was Conde, as shown by the charters in which she is named “condesa”.  However, it is not known which as neither has yet been identified beyond their names.  The order of Oneca´s marriages has not yet been confirmed.  The date when her two presumed sons by Sancho are first mentioned (1011, see below) suggests that Sancho must have been her first husband.  However, this hypothesis leads to other chronological difficulties.  Oneca´s father´s death is dated to before 984.  Even assuming that Oneca was a child when he died, this means that she must have been in her late 80s or early 90s when she is last named in 1062.  This would make it extremely difficult for her to have been the mother of two brothers who were adult in 1011.  The solution to this enigma has not yet been found.  m as her [first/second] husband, ONECA Gómez, daughter of GÓMEZ Fernández & his wife --- ([975/80]-after 10 Nov 1062).  She married [firstly/secondly] Sancho ---.  Her two marriages are suggested by the charter dated 1050 under which "Senior Furtun Sancii…cum uxor mea dompna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "socer meus regi Garsea Ranimiriz", and names "frater meus senior Garsea Fortuniones"[509], assuming that the latter was the same García Fortúnez who is recorded in the other charters as Oneca´s son.  "Domna Onneca" donated property “in Ecclesiasindenia” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "filio meo senior Garcia Fortuniones", by charter dated 1061, confirmed by “…Rodrico Vermudo, sennor Didaco Alvarez, Ordonio Ordonioz…[510].  "Cometissa domna Onneca, Gomiz Fredenandiz prolis" donated property “in territorio…Borueva in villa…Ecclesiasindenia” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "mi…filio Garsiano", by charter dated 10 Nov 1062, confirmed by “…sennor Nunno Alvarez, sennor Roderico Bermudez, sennor Sarracino Hanniz, sennor Didaco Alvarez, sennor Hanni Hanniz, sennor Ordoni Ordoniz, sennor Fredinando Rodriz, sennor Alvaro Rodriz, sennor Eximino Lopiz, sennor Salvator Gondissalviz, sennor Galindo Belasquiz[511].  Fortún & his wife had two children: 

a)         GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 1050).  His parentage is indicated by the charter dated 1050 under which "Senior Furtun Sancii…cum uxor mea dompna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "socer meus regi Garsea Ranimiriz", which names "frater meus senior Garsea Fortuniones"[512].  He could be identified either as García Fortúnez Señor en Tobia or as García Fortúnez Señor en Funes.   

 

5.         FORTÚN --- ([970/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Álvaro was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         ÁLVARO Fortúnez (-after 27 Aug 1045).  [Mayor domus at the royal court: "Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "…senior Açenar Fortuniones, Ugarte, Acenar Fortunioz maiordomi regis…"[513].  “…Acenari Fortuniones maiordomus regis” subscribed charters dated 1042 and 13 Apr 1042 for Leire[514].  As positions at court were frequently assigned to junior members of the nobility, these charters could not refer to Aznar Fortúnez Señor en Huarte.]  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042], subscribed by “…sennor Alvaro Fortuniones…[515].  "Rex Garseani Sancii" set the limits of the monastery of San Martín de Barberana by charter dated 1042, confirmed by "…sennor Alvaro Furtunionis…"[516].  "…sennor Alvaro Fortunionis…" confirmed a charter dated 27 Aug 1045 for San Millán de Cogolla[517]

 

6.         FORTÚN --- ([960/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 1 Mar 1058 or after 1060).  García Fortúnez Señor en Tobía was a different person from García Fortúnez Señor en Funes as the periods during which they were named in charters overlap.  [“…Sennor Garcia Fortunionis…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Apr 1030 for San Millán de la Cogolla[518].  He signed next to last in a long list of subscribers, which suggests that he was relatively junior at the time.  If this is correct, it is unlikely that he was the same person as García Fortúnez Señor en Leguín, although he could have been García Fortúnez Señor en Tobía.]  Señor en Tobía.  “…Senior Garsia Fortunionis in Touia…” subscribed a charter for Santa María la Real de Nájera dated 24 Feb 1035[519].  The abbot of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla transferred a vine by charter dated 24 Feb 1036, confirmed by "Garsea rex, sennor Fortun Sanchiz dominante Naiera, sennor Garsea Fortuniones in Tovia…"[520].  [“…Senior Garsia Fortuniones…” subscribed a charter dated 1042 for Leire monastery without a territorial epithet[521], which means that it could refer either to García Fortúnez Señor en Funes or to García Fortúnez Señor en Tobía.]  A charter dated 1 Mar 1058 confirmed the entry of "Fredinando presbiter" into the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla and his donation, confirmed by "…senior Sancio Fortuniones dominator Ponticurvo et Garcia Fortunionis dominator Toveia…"[522].  "Garcia Fortuniones" sold property “meas casas proprias quas habui ex genitore meo in civitate Naiara” to the abbot of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1060, witnessed by “senior dompno Furtunio de Subpenna, Sancio Salvatoriz de Subpenna[523]m ---.  García & his wife had [one] child: 

i)          [AZNAR García (-after 14 Apr 1068).  The only indications that Aznar García was the son of García Fortúnez are the common holding of the señorío de Tobia and the patronymic.  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042], subscribed by “…sennor Azenari Garceiz…[524].  "Rex Garseani Sancii" set the limits of the monastery of San Martín de Barberana by charter dated 1042, confirmed by "…sennor Azenarai Garceiz…"[525].  “…Sennor Azneari Garceiz…” subscribed other charters of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 9 Apr 1045, 31 May 1045, 27 Aug 1045 and 14 Mar 1046[526].  "Garsea rex et…Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 29 May 1053, confirmed by "…senior Acenari Garceiz…"[527].  It is assumed that all these documents refer to the future Señor en Tobia and that there was not a second nobleman named Aznar García at this time.  Señor en Tobia.  "Stephania regina…cum filio meo rege Santio" returned property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 9 Nov 1056, confirmed by "…senior Azenar Garzeiz in Tubia…"[528]Señor en Grañón.  “…Senior Azenari Garceiz dominator Tobia et Granione…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060[529].  “…Senior Acenar Garceiz in Tobia…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[530].  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Azenari Garsie dominans Tubie…"[531].  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Azenari Garceiz dominator Tubia…"[532].  “…Senior Azenari Garceiz, dominator Tubia…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[533]Senior Azenar Garceiz de Tubia” subscribed a charter dated 1 Dec 1066 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[534]Señor en Ezteribar: the dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Azenari Garceiz in Tubia et Ezteribar…[535].  "Eximino Acenareç…cum coniuge mea Santia Sanciz" donated the monastery of San Miguel junto a Zuazu en Araquíl to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 14 Apr 1068, witnessed by "…Açnarz Garceyç in Tobia…"[536].] 

 

7.         FORTÚN --- ([960/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Íñigo was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         ÍÑIGO Fortúnez (-after [1034]).  [Señor] de Izalzu"Senior Blasco Asnari" donated the monastery of San Salvador y San Miguel de Izalzu to Leire monastery by charter dated to [1034], witnessed by "…Eneco Fortuniones de Yçail…"[537].  This charter is witnessed by eight subscribers, only the first of whom is accorded the title “senior”.  The others, including Aurelio Galíndez, have no titular or proprietarial qualification (with one exception), which suggests that they may not have belonged to the first tier of Navarrese nobility and so were not ancestors of the later nobles shown in this document.  This appears corroborated by Aurelio´s absence from any other contemporary charters. 

 

8.         [FORTÚN --- ([960/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 20 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         JIMENO Fortúnez (-after 1020).  Stabularius at the royal court: "Sanco rex" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by by charter dated 1020, signed by "…Eximino Fortunionis stabularius…"[538]

 

9.         FORTÚN --- ([970/90]-bur San Miguel de Arendo).  His birth date range is estimated from the date range assigned to his son Sancho.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [five or more] children: 

a)         SANCHO Fortúnez ([1000/10]-[11 Apr 1063/1065]).  It is not entirely certain that the following two charters refer to Sancho Fortúnez, husband of Sancha Auréliez, but the date of death assumed from the second charter is consistent with the charter of his widow dated 1065.  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted property to "senior Eximino Furtuniones et senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 19 Mar 1058, confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtuniones, senior Eximino Furtuniones, senior Sancio Furtuniones…senior Lope Furtunionis…senior Lope Furtuniones taliatore…"[539]Senior Sancho Fortunez” donated “monasterio…de San Miguel de Arendo” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated 11 Apr 1063, specifying that “mi padre y…mi madre…mis hermanos y hermanas…estan sepultados en aquel lugar” and choosing burial at the same place himself, subscribed by “[señor] Ximeno Fortunez de los Cameros, señor Lope Fortunez en Calahorra, señor Iñigo Lopez en Nagera, señor domno Marcelo en Maranon[540]m SANCHA Auréliez, daughter of AURELIO --- & his wife --- (-after 1084).  “Domna Sancha Auriel simulque filia mea Sancia Sancionis” sold “las villas de Villanueva, Santa María, Mentosa, Bozo, Beod y Salce” to Leire by charter dated 1065[541]Sancia Orioliz” granted her part of “los palacios de Aspurz”, and the part of “dompna Oneca”, to “senior Auriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071][542].  “Dompna Santia Orioliz” bequeathed the town and monastery of Santa María de Zabalza and the town of Idocin to “filie sue domne Santie Sanctionis” by charter dated 1084[543].  “Dompna Sancia Oriol” donated Zabalza and Idocin to Leire monastery, for the souls of “patris mei Oriol Garceiz et matris mee Tota Ranimiriz…meo seniore Sancio Fortuniones…meas filias Tota Sancionis et Sancia Sancionis”, by charter dated 1087[544].  Sancho & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          [AURELIO Sánchez (-after 26 Sep [1071]).  “Sancia Orioliz” granted her part of “los palacios de Aspurz”, and the part of “dompna Oneca”, to “senior Auriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071][545].  This charter does not specify the relationship between Sancha Auréliez and Aurelio Sánchez.  However, as the charter dated 1065 (quoted above) confirms that Sancha´s husband was named Sancho, it is likely that he was her son.  “Dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” from “dompno seniore Auriole Sanoiz”, specifying that this was his part from “dompna Sancia, dompna Oneca et dompna Urraca”, and from “dompno seniore Xemeno Orioliz et de seniore Oriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071], the latter purchase being witnessed by “senior Lope Orioliz et suo filio senior Garsia Lopiz[546]m ---.  The name of Aurelio´s wife is not known.  Aurelio & his wife had [two possible children]: 

(a)       [JIMENO Auréliez (-after 26 Sep [1071]).  “Dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” from “dompno seniore Auriole Sanoiz”, specifying that this was his part from “dompna Sancia, dompna Oneca et dompna Urraca”, and from “dompno seniore Xemeno Orioliz et de seniore Oriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071], the latter purchase being witnessed by “senior Lope Orioliz et suo filio senior Garsia Lopiz[547].  It would be consistent with the other relationships deduced from the two charters relating to Aspurz dated 26 Sep [1071] if Jimeno Auréliez was the son of Aurelio Sánchez.] 

(b)       [LOPE Auréliez (-after 26 Sep [1071]).  “Dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” from “dompno seniore Xemeno Orioliz et de seniore Oriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071], witnessed by “senior Lope Orioliz et suo filio senior Garsia Lopiz[548].  It would be consistent with the other relationships deduced from the two charters relating to Aspurz dated 26 Sep [1071] if Lope Auréliez was the son of Aurelio Sánchez, although if this is correct his son García must have been young at the time as his supposed great-grandmother Sancha Auréliez was also named in the charters.]  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had one child: 

(1)       GARCÍA López (-after 26 Sep [1071]).  “Dompna Urraca” purchased part of property “en Aspurz” from “dompno seniore Xemeno Orioliz et de seniore Oriol Sanoiz” by charter dated 26 Sep [1071], witnessed by “senior Lope Orioliz et suo filio senior Garsia Lopiz[549].  It would be consistent with the other relationships deduced from the two charters relating to Aspurz dated 26 Sep [1071] if Lope Auréliez was the son of Aurelio Sánchez, although if this is correct his son García must have been young at the time as his supposed great-grandmother Sancha Auréliez was also named in the charters. 

ii)         TODA Sánchez (-[before 1087]).  “Dompna Sancia Oriol” donated Zabalza and Idocin to Leire monastery, for the souls of “…meas filias Tota Sancionis et Sancia Sancionis”, by charter dated 1087[550]

iii)        SANCHA Sánchez (-[1084/87]).  “Domna Sancha Auriel simulque filia mea Sancia Sancionis” sold “las villas de Villanueva, Santa María, Mentosa, Bozo, Beod y Salce” to Leire by charter dated 1065[551]Dompna Santia Orioliz” bequeathed the town and monastery of Santa María de Zabalza and the town of Idocin to “filie sue domne Santie Sanctionis” by charter dated 1084[552].  “Dompna Sancia Oriol” donated Zabalza and Idocin to Leire monastery, for the souls of “…meas filias Tota Sancionis et Sancia Sancionis”, by charter dated 1087[553]

b)         son (-bur San Miguel de Arendo).  The fact that Fortún had three or more sons is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Apr 1063 under which “Senior Sancho Fortunez” donated “monasterio…de San Miguel de Arendo” to the monastery of San Prudencio, specifying that “mi padre y…mi madre…mis hermanos y hermanas…estan sepultados en aquel lugar[554], on the assumption that this Sancho Fortúnez is identified as the son of Fortún Uchoa which appears correct when reading together all the charters quoted above.

c)         daughters (-bur San Miguel de Arendo).  The fact that Fortún had two or more daughters is confirmed by the charter dated 11 Apr 1063 under which “Senior Sancho Fortunez” donated “monasterio…de San Miguel de Arendo” to the monastery of San Prudencio, specifying that “mi padre y…mi madre…mis hermanos y hermanas…estan sepultados en aquel lugar[555], on the assumption that this Sancho Fortúnez is identified as the son of Fortún Uchoa which appears correct when reading together all the charters quoted above.

 

10.      [FORTÚN --- ([965/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO Fortúnez (-after [1032]).  Señor en Erro"…Senior Sanso Fortunionis de Erro…" subscribed a charter for the cathedral of Pamplona dated to [1030][556].  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium atque Aragonensium seu Leonensium" restored property to the church of Pamplona by charter dated 1007, redated to [1032], witnessed by "…senior Sanso Fortuniones de Erro…"[557]same person as…?  SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 25 Apr 1049).  As the entries which name Sancho Fortúnez Señor en Erro and Sancho Fortúnez Señor en Tafalla do not overlap chronologically it is possible that they refer to the same person, particularly because the two señoríos of Erro and Tafalla were later held by the same person (Sancho Sánchez, son of Sancho Macerátez).  Señor en Tafalla.  García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire by charter dated 18 Nov [1047], subscribed by “...Senior Sancio Fortuniones dominator de Tafalia…[558].  “…Alius Senior Sancio Fortunionis dominans Tafalia…” susbscribed a charter dated 1 Nov 1048 for Albelda monastery[559].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" set the limits of the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Sancio Fortunionis de Ponticurvo…sennor Sancio Fortuniones de Calafurra…sennor Sancio Fortuniones de Tafalla"[560].  “...Senior Sanctio Fortunionis de Irunia in Tafalia…” subscribed a charter dated 25 Apr 1049 for Leire monastery[561]

 

11.      [FORTÚN --- ([975/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 30 Nov 1065).  "Comite Fredelando Pelaioz…cum coniuge mea Gelvira et mater mea donna Gutina" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated [13 Nov 1028], signed by "…sennor Sancio Fortuniones…"[562].  “…Sennor Sancio Furtunionis…” subscribed two charters of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 1028 and 6 Dec 1028[563]Señor en Deyo.  "Sanctius…rex" restored property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "… senior Santio Fortuniones de Ponti Curbo, senior Santio Fortuniones de Deiu…"[564]Señor en San Estebán.  "Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "…senior Sancio Fortuniones, Sancti Stephani…"[565].  "…Senior Fortuni Sancii de Sancti Stephani…" subscribed a charter dated 2 Nov 1044 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[566].  García V King of Navarre donated property to Santa María la Real de Nájera by charter dated 26 Dec 1046, subscribed by “…Senior Sancio Fortunionis de Sancti Stephani…[567].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Sancio Fortuniones de Sancti Stephani…[568].  "Stephania regina…cum filio meo rege Santio" returned property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 9 Nov 1056, confirmed by "…senior Sanxo Furtunionis in Sancti Stephani…"[569].  “…Senior Sancio Fortuniones dominator Sancti Stephani…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[570].  “…Senior Sancio Fortunionis dominator Sancti Stephani de Deio…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060, signing third in the first column of subscribers which suggests his seniority at court at the time[571].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra confirmed rights to the people of San Anacleto by charter dated 30 Nov 1065, confirmed by "…senior Sancio Fortunionis dominator Sancti Stephani…"[572].  The dating clause of a charter dated [1067] under which “dompno Blasco Sanz” purchased property names “senior Santio Fortuniones de Sancti Stephani…[573]m VELASQUITA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1095 under which transferred “la heredad de Zulueta”, donated by “condam senior Sanz Fortuniones de Sancto Stephano et uxor sua dompna Blaschita Sancto Salvatori”, to “senior Lain Petriz et uxori tue…Auria Sanz[574].  According to Martín Duque[575], the wife of Sancho Fortúnez Señor en Deyo was Velasquita García, daughter of García Aznárez Señor en Guipúzcoa & his wife Gaila ---, but the primary source which confirms this beyond doubt has not yet been identified.  If it is correct, her marriage is further confirmed by a charter dated 1049 which records that “domna Gaila ex regione Ippuzka” donated the monastery of Santa Eufemia, that after she died “filia illius domna Blasquita et senior Sancio Fortunionis suus vir” inherited the control of the monastery[576].  Sancho & his wife had [two probable children]: 

i)          [ÍÑIGO Sánchez (-after 22 Jan [1064]).  The references to the señorío de San Estebán suggest that Íñigo Sánchez may have been the son of Sancho Fortúnez.  Señor en San Estebán.  “…Senior Enneco Sançiç dominator Santo Stephano…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 7 Feb 1063[577].  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Eneco Santii dominans Sancti Stephani…"[578].  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Eneco Sangiz dominator Sancti Stephani…"[579].  “…Senior Enneco Sanziz, dominator Sancti Stefani…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[580].  “…Senior Enneco Sanoiz de Sancti Stephani…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[581]

ii)            [GARCÍA Sánchez (-after 1087).  Stabularius at the royal court: “…Senior Garcia Sanz stabularius…” witnessed a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[582].  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Garcia Sancii stabularius regis…"[583].  “…Senior Garcia Sanciç stabularius regis…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1063[584].  “…Senior Garcia Sanziz, stabularius…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[585]Señor en San Estebán.  "Sanctius…rex…cum uxore mea domina Placentia regina" declared the rights of towns in Urranci by charter dated 1 Jun 1075, witnessed by "…Garcia Santii de Sancti Stephani"[586].  “…Senior Garcia Sancii in Sancti Stephani…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[587].  “…Senior Garcia Sansoiz, in Sancto Stephano…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 12 Mar 1076[588].  “…Senior Garzia Sansoiz, dominator Sancti Staphan…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[589].  “…Senior Garcia Sansoiz in Sancto Stephano…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1080[590].  “…Senior Garsias Sanz in Sancti Stephani de Deio…” subscribed the charter dated 1080 under which “Domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[591]Señor en Arlas.  “…Senior Garcia Sansoiz dominator Arlaz…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[592]

 

12.      [FORTÚN --- ([975/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         [SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 1049).  "Semeno Munnioz" adopted "senior Sancio Furtuniones et sua uxor domna Sancia" by charter dated 1049 and granted them his land “en Cerratón[593].  It is not known to which of the numerous noblemen called Sancho Fortúnez this document refers but it is probably one of the other individuals of this name who are shown above.  m SANCHA, daughter of ---.  "Semeno Munnioz" adopted "senior Sancio Furtuniones et sua uxor domna Sancia" by charter dated 1049 and granted them his land “en Cerratón[594].] 

 

13.      [FORTÚN --- ([975/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Velasco was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         VELASCO Fortúnez (-after 2 Nov 1044).  “…Senior Belasco Fortunionis…” subscribed a charter for Santa María la Real de Nájera dated 2 Nov 1044[595]Senior Blasco Fortuniones” donated property “en Azofra” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated [1039/49], subscribed by “senior Lope Sancii, Beila Gomiz[596]

 

14.      [FORTÚN --- ([980/95]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Íñigo was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  [She may have been Velasquita --- (-after 1078), assuming that “Senior Eneco Fertuniones” who made a donation to Irache by charter dated 1078 “in ora mortis mee”, in the presence of “matris mee domne Blasquite et senioris Fertunio Garceiz”, can be identified with Íñigo Fortúnez Señor en Arneto[597].]  Fortún & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ÍÑIGO Fortúnez (-[1078]).  Señor en Arneto"…Senior Enneco Fortuniones dominator Arneto…" subscribed two charters for Leire monastery dated 23 Apr 1044 and 18 Nov 1047[598].  “…Senior Enneco Fortuniones in Arneto, Senior Lope Fortuniones in Azagra…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[599].  “…Senior Eneco Fortuniones in Arneto…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[600].  [“Senior Eneco Fertuniones” made a donation “in ora mortis mee” of property “en Navarino y los molinos de Hosquitea”, in the presence of “matris mee domne Blasquite et senioris Fertunio Garceiz”, to the monastery of Irache by charter dated 1078[601].] 

b)         [LOPE Fortúnez (-after 1074).  The common reference to the señorío de Arneto suggests that Íñigo Fortúnez and Lope Fortúnez may have been brothers.  It is not certain that all the charters quoted below refer to the same Lope Fortúnez as frequent changes of señorío do not appear typical of the Navarrese nobility in the mid.11th century.  Señor en Arneto.  "Stephania regina…cum filio meo rege Santio" returned property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 9 Nov 1056, confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtuniones in Arneto…"[602].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted property to "senior Eximino Furtuniones et senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 19 Mar 1058, confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtuniones, senior Eximino Furtuniones, senior Sancio Furtuniones…senior Lope Furtunionis…senior Lope Furtuniones taliatore…"[603].  "Ranimirus infans, Garsea rex prolis" donated property to the prior of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [20 Jul 1062], confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtunionis dominator in Arneto…"[604].]  [Señor en Bilibio.  “…Senior Lope Fortuniones in Bilibio…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[605].]  [Señor en Huarte.  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Lupus Furtunionis dominans Uhart…"[606].  “…Senior Lope Fortuniones dominator Uarte…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Apr 1064[607].  “…Senior Lope Fortuniones in Uharte…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 22 Mar 1069[608].  “…Senior Lope Furtunionis in Varte…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[609].]  Señor en Arroniz.  “…Senior Lope Fertunionis dominator Arroniç…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 7 Feb 1063[610].  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtunionis dominator Arroniz…"[611].  “…Senior Lope Furtunionis, dominator Arroniz…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[612].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra confirmed rights to the people of San Anacleto by charter dated 30 Nov 1065, confirmed by "…senior Lope Fortunionis in Arroniz…"[613].  "Eximino Acenareç…cum coniuge mea Santia Sanciz" donated the monastery of San Miguel junto a Zuazu en Araquíl to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 14 Apr 1068, witnessed by "Lope Fortunionis in Varte…"[614]Señor en Azagra.  “…Senior Lope Furtunionis in Azagra, Senior Exemino Furtuniones in Cambero, Senior Garcia Furtuniones, fertorarius…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[615].  “…Senior Enneco Fortuniones in Arneto, Senior Lope Fortuniones in Azagra…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[616].  “…Senior Lope Fortuniones de Azagra…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[617].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Lope Furtuniones in Azehra"[618].] 

c)         [JIMENO Fortúnez (-after 25 Nov 1089).  Charters subscribed by Lope Fortúnez and Jimeno Fortúnez together suggest that they may have been brothers.  Señor en Arneto.  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Eximino Fortunionis dominans Arneto…"[619].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Simeon Furtunionis dominator Arneto…"[620]Señor de los CamerosSeñor en Pontecurbo.  “…Senior Eximino Fortunionis dominator Cambero et Pontcurbo…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060[621].  According to García Turza, Jimeno son of Fortún Ochoa inherited el señorío de los Cameros y Viguera from his father, but he does not cite the primary source on which this is based[622].  It is not certain that this is correct.  Jimeno Fortúnez Señor de los Cameros was closely associated in primary source documentation with Íñigo Fortúnez Señor en Arneto, as shown above.  It is suspected that the two were brothers as shown here.  However, the chronology is not ideal for Íñigo Fortúnez to have been the son of Fortún Ochoa.  Jimeno Fortúnez, son of Fortún Ochoa, is shown separately in this document.  "Ranimirus infans, Garsea rex prolis" donated property to the prior of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [20 Jul 1062], confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtunionis dominator in Arneto…senior Eximino Furtunionis dominator Cambero…"[623]Senior Sancho Fortunez” donated “monasterio…de San Miguel de Arendo” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated 11 Apr 1063, subscribed by “[señor] Ximeno Fortunez de los Cameros, señor Lope Fortunez en Calahorra…[624].  [Señor en Meltria.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Eximino Fortuniones de Meltria…[625].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted settlement rights to the people of Longares (Albelda) by charter dated 25 Jul 1063, confirmed by "dominator in Meltria senior Eximino Fortunionis…"[626].  “…Senior Semeno Fortuniones in Meltria…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1068[627].  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Eximino Furtunionis dominator Meltria…"[628]Ximeno Fortunez…con mi mugger dona Andregodo” donated “la iglesia de San Estevan de Torrilias” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated 1068, confirmed by “…señor Iñigo Ximenez[629]Senior Eximino Fortuniones dominator Meldria…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Apr 1064[630].  “…Senior Eximino Fortuniones in Meltria…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[631].]  “…Senior Lope Furtunionis in Azagra, Senior Exemino Furtuniones in Cambero, Senior Garcia Furtuniones, fertorarius…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[632].  “…Senior Scimeno Furtuniones, Cambero…” witnessed a charter for Irache dated 1070[633].  “…Senior Scemeno Fortuniones in Ualle de Arneto et Cambero…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 20 Apr [1088][634].  "Alfonsus rex" confirmed donations of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 25 Nov 1089, witnessed by "…sennor Scemeno Fortuniones de Camero…"[635]m ANDREGOTO, daughter of ---.  “Ximeno Fortunez…con mi mugger dona Andregodo” donated “la iglesia de San Estevan de Torrilias” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated 1068, confirmed by “…señor Iñigo Ximenez[636].] 

-        SEÑORES de los CAMEROS

d)         [GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 17 Apr 1072).  Offertor at the royal court.  “…Senior Garcia Fortunez…” subscribed a charter dated 29 Aug 1065 for San Prudencio monastery[637].  “…Senior Lope Furtunionis in Azagra, Senior Exemino Furtuniones in Cambero, Senior Garcia Furtuniones, fertorarius…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[638].  “…Senior Garcia Fortuniones tallator…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1068[639].  “…Senior Garcia Fortunionis tallator…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 22 Mar 1069[640].  “…Garsia Fortuniones ofertor regis…” subscribed a charter dated 1071 for Albelda monastery[641]same person as…?  GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 18 Jul 1071).  Pincerna at the royal court.  “…Senior Garcia Fortuniones maiordomus regis, senior Garcia Fortuniones pincernarius regis…” subscribed a charter dated 18 Jul 1071 under which Sancho IV King of Navarre donated property[642].  same person as…?  GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 1072).  Stabularius at the royal court.  “…Senior Gartia Furtunionis…” subscribed a charter dated 1072 for Albelda monastery[643].  The succession of different positions held at court suggest that all these entries may refer to the same person, different from García Fortúnez maior domus (see below).  [Señor en Porcellos.  “…Senior Garsia Fortuniones de Puçuelos…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[644].]  [Señor en Caparroso.  “…Senior Garsia Fortuniones in Caparruso…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) for Leire dated 1084[645]same person as…?  GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 1083).  It is possible that one of these individuals named García Fortúnez is the same person as the donor in a charter dated 1083 which records various donations to Bayonne in the presence of Guillaume Archbishop of Auch, including the donation of "pomerium unum in villa Urrungia" by "Garsia Fortun et uxor eius Angregot"[646]m ANDREGOTO, daughter of --- (-after 1083). 

 

15.      [FORTÚN --- ([980/1000]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Aurelio was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         AURELIO Fortúnez (-after 27 Oct 1057).  Señor en Irunia.  “…Senior Auriuel Fortuniones dominator Irunia…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[647]

 

16.      FORTÚN --- ([980/1000]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 1049).  Señor en CalahorraGarcía V King of Navarre donated property to Leire by charter dated 18 Nov [1047], subscribed by “...Senior Sancio Fortuniones dominator de Calagurra…[648].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Sancio Fortuniones dominans Calagurra…"[649].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" set the limits of the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Sancio Fortunionis de Ponticurvo…sennor Sancio Fortuniones de Calafurra…sennor Sancio Fortuniones de Tafalla"[650]same person as…?  SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 9 May 1056).  The references to Sancho Fortúnez as señor de Marañón start with the same charter in which Lope Fortúnez is described as señor de Calahorra.  A speculative possibility is that Sancho was invested with Marañón and his supposed younger brother was granted Calahorra at the same time.  Señor en Marañón.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Sancio Fortuniones de Maraingone…[651]

b)         [LOPE Fortúnez (-[11 Apr 1063/7 Apr 1064]).  The common reference to Calahorra suggests strongly that Lope Fortúnez was the brother of Sancho Fortúnez, the señorío of Calahorra being transferred from the latter to the former after the latter was granted Marañón.  "Senior Lope Fortunionis…cum uxor mea…Mencia" donated property "in villa Tricio" to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 17 Feb 1050[652].  "Garsea rex et…Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 29 May 1053, confirmed by "Senior Furtun Sanchiz, sennor Sancio Furtunionis, senior Lope Furtunionis, senior Furtun Lopez…"[653].  Señor en Calahorra.  “…Senior Lope Furtuniones de Calagurra…” subscribed a charter dated 4 Jun [1055] for Leire monastery[654]"Senior Garcia Acenariz" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated to [2 Feb 1054/1063], subscribed by "…senior Lope Fortuniones in Calagurra…"[655].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Lope Fortuniones de Calagorra…[656].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted property to "senior Eximino Furtuniones et senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 19 Mar 1058, confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtuniones, senior Eximino Furtuniones, senior Sancio Furtuniones…senior Lope Furtunionis…senior Lope Furtuniones taliatore…"[657].  "Senior Eximino Fortunionis et senior Sancio Fortunionis" confirmed the exchange of property resulting from the previous charter, by charter dated 19 Jun 1059, witnessed by "…senior Lope Fortunionis…"[658].  These two documents strongly suggest that Lope, Jimeno and Sancho Fortúnez were brothers, although they do not specifically state that this is so.  Señor en Nájera.  “Senior Lope Fortunionis dominator Calagurra et Nazara…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060, signing first in column one of the lists of subscribers which indicates his seniority at court at the time[659]Senior Sancho Fortunez” donated “monasterio…de San Miguel de Arendo” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated 11 Apr 1063, subscribed by “[señor] Ximeno Fortunez de los Cameros, señor Lope Fortunez en Calahorra…[660]m (before 17 Feb 1050) as her second husband, MENCIA, daughter of --- (-after 27 Dec 1073).  "Senior Lope Fortunionis…cum uxor mea…Mencia" donated property "in villa Tricio" to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 17 Feb 1050[661].  A charter dated 27 Dec 1073 refers to unspecified property donated to the monastery of San Millán de Cogolla having been usurped by “Sancio Garseanis” and that “Sancius rex germanus eius” restored the property to the monastery, at the request of “domne Mencie", confirmed by “Ermesilda germana regis, domna Mencia…senior Eximino Azenari, sennor Sancio Garceiz offertoris regis[662].  This charter is linked in the published compilation with the charter dated 17 Feb 1050, quoted above, although the document itself does not mention the name of the property.  Her husband Lope Fortúnez is not named in the second document dated 27 Dec 1073, which strongly suggests that he had died before that date.  Lope & his wife had one child: 

i)          GARCÍA López (-after 23 Feb 1082).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 23 Feb 1082 which records that “senior Lope Fortunionis de Calagurrain hora mortis sue” donated property “in villa…Sotes” to Irache monastery and the subsequent agreement between the abbot and “filius prefati senioris…senior Garcia Lopiz” concerning his rights in the same property “pro mediate matris sue[663]

c)             [JIMENO Fortúnez (-after 19 Jun 1059).  The two documents dated 1058 and 1059 strongly suggest that Lope, Jimeno and Sancho Fortúnez were brothers, although they do not specifically state that this is so.  [Señor en Iubera.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Eximino Fortuniones de Gubera…[664].  "Stephania regina…cum filio meo rege Santio" returned property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 9 Nov 1056, confirmed by "…senior Eximinus Furtunionis in Iubera…"[665].]  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted property to "senior Eximino Furtuniones et senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 19 Mar 1058, confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtuniones, senior Eximino Furtuniones, senior Sancio Furtuniones…"[666].  "Senior Eximino Fortunionis et senior Sancio Fortunionis" confirmed the exchange of property resulting from the previous charter, by charter dated 19 Jun 1059, witnessed by "…senior Lope Fortunionis…"[667].  “…senior Eximino Fortuniones en Aiuar” subscribed the charter dated 1079 under which “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[668]

 

17.      FORTÚN ([980/1000]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his daughter was born in [1010/20].  m ---.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         MENCIA Fortúnez (-after 1080).  “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia [Fortuniones]” donated the monastery of Santa Columba “en la foz de Aspurz” to Leire by charter dated 15 Jun 1064[669].  “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property “su casa…de Esnoz y su heredad de Iiza” to the monastery of San Miguel Arcángel by charter dated 1079[670].  “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property “la villa de Aldea”, for the soul of “mei viri senioris Garssiani Eximinonis”, to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 1079, which specifies “vir predictus senior et ego eius uxor” had previously donated half of “villa…Aldea” to the same monastery before her husband died, that her husband was childless by her (“ipse nullum ex me habens natum”), subscribed by “senior Eximino Garceiz tenens Licarraga atque Sarasazu, frater eius Santio Garceiz, Exauri, tercius frater Lope Arceiz, Ahoiz et Nagore, quartus autem Enneco Arceiz, Nauascues et Sangues, senior Galin Sanz, Sos et Athares, senior Lope Arceiz, en Arrosta et en Tafaila, senior Fortuin Enecones, en Funes, senior Eximino Fortuniones en Aiuar[671].  “Domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 1080, subscribed by “senior Eximino Garceiz in Lizarrara et Saresazu, secundus frater eius Sancio Garceiz in Exauri, tercius frater Lop Arceiz in Ahoyz et in Nagore, quartus frater Eneco Arceiz in Navascos et in Sangossa, senior Fortunio Sanz in Huart, frater eius Sancio Sanz in Erro, senior Garsias Sanz in Sancti Stephani de Deio, senior Fortunio Garcia in Punicastro[672]m as his second wife, GARCÍA Jiménez, son of --- (-before 1079). 

 

18.      FORTÚN --- ([1000/10]).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 20 Apr [1088]).  Señor en Petralta"Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Santius Fortuniones dominans Petralte…"[673].  “…Senior Santio Furtunionis, dominator Pitralta…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[674].  “…Senior Sancio Fortuniones in Petralta…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[675].  "Domna Tota Fortunionis de Cillegieta" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1088, confirmed by "…senior Sancio Fortunionis de Petrala…"[676].  “Senior Sancio Fortuniones de Piedrola et uxor mea Sancia Veilaz” donated the monastery of Santa Pía to Irache monastery by charter dated 20 Apr [1088][677]m firstly ---.  The name of Sancho´s first wife is not known.  m secondly SANCHA Velaz, daughter of VELA --- & his wife --- (-after [1111]).  “Senior Sancio Fortuniones de Piedrola et uxor mea Sancia Veilaz” donated the monastery of Santa Pía to Irache monastery by charter dated 20 Apr [1088][678].  "Domna Sancia Veilaz" donated property “en Herramélluri” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the souls of "meo seniori Sancio Fortuniones et suo filio Martin Sanchez", by charter dated [1111][679].  Sancho & his first wife had one child: 

i)          MARTÍN Sánchez (-after 1082).  Señor en Nájera...Martinus Sanzez dominante Nagera, Antolino Nuneç dominante Tubia” witnessed the charter dated 1077 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile confirmed a donation to Valvanera[680]The dating clause of a charter dated 1078, under which "domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, names "Adefonsus rex dominante tota Spania, Martino Sanchez in Nagera"[681].  "Domna Ticlo, filia de senior Didado Alvarez" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, with the consent of "domno meo comite Lope Ennecones", by charter dated 14 Mar 1079, confirmed by "…Martinus Sanchiz…"[682].  "Sennior Enneco Lopiz" donated property to San Martín by charter dated 1081, witnessed by "…Martin Sanchiz merino in Naiera et Calahorra…"[683].  "Adefonsus…tocius Ispanie rex" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter darted 1082, confirmed by "…Martin Sanchez merino in Burgus"[684].  "Senior Veremudus Gutier et uxor mea dompna Gutina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter darted 1082, confirmed by "…sennor Martini Sanchiz merino in Burgis et Cereso"[685]

 

19.      [FORTÚN --- ([1000/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Fortún was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Fortúnez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Fortún among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, although three Fortún´s are named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         JIMENO Fortúnez (-after 5 Mar 1090).  “Dompna Tota de Huarte” confirmed the donation of the monastery of San Esteban de Huarte by “auia mea dompna Sancia” to Leire monastery, with the consent of “filie mee Urracha et viri sui seniore Eximino Fortuniones”, by charter dated 5 Mar 1090[686]m URRACA ---, daughter of --- [Señor en Huarte] & his wife Toda --- (-after 5 Mar 1090).  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

i)          FORTÚN Jiménez (-after 5 Mar 1090).  “…filius filie mee supradicte Fortunio Eximinones…” witnessed the charter dated 5 Mar 1090 under which “dompna Tota de Huarte” confirmed the donation of the monastery of San Esteban de Huarte by “auia mea dompna Sancia” to Leire monastery, with the consent of “filie mee Urracha et viri sui seniore Eximino Fortuniones[687]

 

20.      FORTÚN --- ([1005/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA Fortúnez (-after 22 Apr 1073).  Maior domus at the royal court: Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Garzia Fertuniones maiordomo…[688].  “…Senior Garcia Fortuniones maiordomus regis, senior Garcia Fortuniones pincernarius regis…” subscribed a charter dated 18 Jul 1071 under which Sancho IV King of Navarre donated property[689].  “…maiordomus, Senior Garcia Fortuniones de Chortes…” confirmed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 7 Dec 1071[690].  “…Senior Garcia Fortuniones, maiordomus regis…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 17 Apr 1072[691].  “…Senior Garcia Fortuniones, maiordominus…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[692].  “Senior Garcia Fertuniones maiordomus regis…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[693].  “…Senior Garcia Furtuniones maiordomus regis…” subscribed a charter dated 22 Apr 1073 under which Sancho IV King of Navarre donated property[694].  

 

21.      GALINDO --- ([950/60]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Galindo´s wife is not known.  Galindo & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         JIMENO Galíndez (-after [1030]).  Señor en Navascos“…Senior Eximin Galinz dominator Nauascoss…” subscribed four charters of Leire monastery dated 17 Apr 1014 (two) and 21 Oct 1015 (two)[695].  "Sancius…rex…cum coniuge mea regina domina Maiora" donated the monastery of San Sebastian to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 17 Apr 1014, redated to [1030], subscribed by "…senior Exemen Galinz dominator Nauascos…"[696]

b)         [AURELIO Galíndez (-after [1034]).  No indication has been found that Aurelio Galíndez and Jimeno Galíndez were brothers apart from the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.  "Senior Blasco Asnari" donated the monastery of San Salvador y San Miguel de Izalzu to Leire monastery by charter dated to [1034], witnessed by "…Auriol Galindones…"[697].  This charter is witnessed by eight subscribers, only the first of whom is accorded the title “senior”.  The others, including Aurelio Galíndez, have no titular or proprietarial qualification (with one exception), which suggests that they may not have belonged to the first tier of Navarrese nobility and so were not ancestors of the later nobles shown in this document.  This appears corroborated by Aurelio´s absence from any other contemporary charters.] 

 

22.      GALINDO --- ([950/60]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Galindo´s wife is not known.  Galindo & his wife had two children: 

a)         SANCHO Galíndez (-after 1024, maybe after 14 Apr 1035).  “Senior Sancius Galindonez et soror mea Andregoto Galindones” donated property “in Lizarrara” to Irache by charter dated 1024[698].  The absence of any other members of the family from this charter suggests that Sancho´s father was not the same Galindo who was father of Jimeno Galíndez Señor en Navascos (see above).  The dating clause in the charter names “Semeno Ogoaiz mandante Lizarrara” which suggests that Sancho was not a member of the first-tier nobility in the area.  [Sancho III King of Navarre granted the villas of Centenero and Salamanca to “Senior Sancho Galindez” by charter dated 14 Apr 1035[699].] 

b)         ANDREGOTO Galíndez (-after 1024).  “Senior Sancius Galindonez et soror mea Andregoto Galindones” donated property “in Lizarrara” to Irache by charter dated 1024[700]

 

23.      GARCÍA --- ([960/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 60 years old when he died.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had [seven] children: 

a)         JIMENO García (-[before 1069]).  The overlapping of the dates of the charters suggests that this Jimeno García was not the same person as the Jimeno García who was recorded in various charters with various different señoríos between 1057 and 1074 (see below).  On the other hand it is possible that some of the references quoted below apply to this Jimeno García.  Armiger at the royal court: "Ranimirus infans, Garsea rex prolis" donated property to the prior of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [20 Jul 1062], confirmed by "…senior Eximino Garzeiz armiger regis, senior Garcia Garceiz stabularius regis…"[701].  “Senior Eximino Garceiz armiger regis…” witnessed a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[702].  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Eximino Garceiz armiger regis…"[703].  “…Senior Scemeno Garceiç armiger regis…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1063[704].  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz, armiger regis…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[705]Señor en Indurain.  A charter dated 1099 records the settlement of a dispute concerning the donation of “la villa de Aldunate y un palacio en Aibar” to Leire monastery by “senior Exemen Garceiz de Indurein”, challenged thirty years later by “duo fratres senior Lope Garceiz et senior Fortun Garceiz de villa Stelaua et Aiessa” despite the confirmation by “senior Lope Exemenones filius predicti donatoris senioris Exemen Garceiz” after his father´s death[706]m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

i)          LOPE Jiménez (-after 1099).  A charter dated 1099 records the settlement of a dispute concerning the donation of “la villa de Aldunate y un palacio en Aibar” to Leire monastery by “senior Exemen Garceiz de Indurein”, challenged thirty years later by “duo fratres senior Lope Garceiz et senior Fortun Garceiz de villa Stelaua et Aiessa” despite the confirmation by “senior Lope Exemenones filius predicti donatoris senioris Exemen Garceiz” after his father´s death[707].  On the basis of the reconstruction shown here, Lope García and Fortún García would have been the paternal uncles of Lope Jiménez. 

b)         LOPE García (-after 1099).  The charter signed by Lope García and García García, with their names adjacent and both holding positions at the royal court, suggest that they may have been brothers.  Alferiz at the royal court: Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted property to "senior Eximino Furtuniones et senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 19 Mar 1058, confirmed by "…senior Lope Garceiz alferiz, senior Gartia Garceiz stabulario…"[708]Armiger at the royal court: “…Senior Lope Garceiz armiger regis…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060[709].  "…Senior Lope Garzez…" subscribed the charter dated 15 Mar 1061 under which "Ranimirus rex Sancius regis prolis" commended "filiam meam Urracam" to the monastery of Santa Cruz de la Serós[710].  “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated the monastery of Santa María de Indurain to Leire by charter dated 27 Nov 1064[711]Señor en Uncastello.  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Lope Garceiz in Uncastello…[712]Señor en Montclús.  The dating clause of a charter dated 1067, under which “Sancio Ranimiri Ranimirus regis filio et domna Amunna” donated “una mea kasa in Orna” to San Andrés de Fanlo, records “...senior Lope Arzeiz in Unu kastellu et in Monteclusu[713]Señor en Arrosta.  "S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Huarte, S[enior] Lop Garcez in Unocastello et in Arrosta, S[enior] Ramon Galindo in Stata, S[enior] Petro Sanz in Boltania et in Mercolo, S[enior] Acenar Xemenez in Gallipienz, S[enior] Sancio Fredelando in Atares, S[enior] Galin Sanz in Sos et in Argedas, S[enior] Enneg Sanz in Montecluso, S[enior] Exemen Garzez in Boil, S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Bail et in Eliso" subscribed the charter dated 20 Mar 1067 under which Sancho I King of Aragon confirmed his father´s donations to Sobrarbe San Victorián[714].  “…Senior Lope Garceiz in Unocastello et in Arrosta…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated to [1069/70][715]Señor en Ara.  "…Senior Lop Garzez in Ara…" is named in the dating clause of the charter dated 27 Oct 1070 under which "domina Sancia, mater Ranimiri regis" granted the monastery of Santa Cecilia de Aibar to "nepte mea domna Sancia"[716].  The co-identity between Lope García Señor en Uncastello, Arrosta, Montecluso and Leguín is confirmed by the series of charters of the monastery of San Andrés de Fanlo dated Feb 1064, 28 Aug 1067, 1067, 29 Jun 1069, Jan 1072, 1 Jan 1083 and 11 Jan 1083 which name "Senior Lope Arzeiz in Unu Kastello et in Monteclusu”, “senior Lope Garces in Unocastello et in Arrosta” (two), “senior Lop Garcez in Uncastello”, “senior Lope Garceiz in Arrosta et in Uncastello”, “senior Lope Garcez in Legine” and “senior Lope Garcez in Leguin et in Unocastello” respectively[717]Señor en Tafalla.  “…Senior Lope Arceiz in Tafalla…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1076[718].  "S[enior] Fertung in Huarte, S[enior] Lop Garcez in Unocastello et in Arrosta, S[enior] Ramon Galindo in Stata, S[enior] Petro Sanz in Boltania et in Mercorlo, S[enior] Acenar Xemenez in Gallipienz, S[enior] Sancio Fredelando in Atares, S[enior] Galin Sanz in Sos et in Argedas, S[enior] Enneg Sanz in Montecluso, S[enior] Exemen Garzez in Boil, S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Bail et in Eliso" subscribed the charter dated 20 Mar 1076 under which Sancho I King of Aragon confirmed the privileges of Sobrarbe San Victorián[719].  “…Senior Lope Garzeiz, dominator Tafalia…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[720].  “Senior Lope Garces (tenente in Tafalla and Uncastillo) and his wife Maria” donated property to San Juan by charter dated 25 Mar 1080[721].  The testament of “Senior Lope Garces and his wife Maria” dated 26 May 1080 bequeathes his arms to his (unnamed) sons and land to Irache if Maria dies without surviving children[722].  “…Senior Lope Garceiz in Tafalla…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1080[723].  “…Senior Lope Garceis dominator Itafalia…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1083[724].  “Senior Lope Garceiz in Rosta et in Tafalia…” is named in the dating clause of a charter for Leire dated 1084[725].  “…Senior Lope Garceiz in Arrosta et Vncastello et Taphalia…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) for Leire dated 1084[726].  “…Senior Lope Garceiz dominator Tafalia…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[727]Señor en Banesto.  The dating clause of a charter dated Jun 1091, under which the bishop of Roda confirmed exemptions of Sobrarbe San Victorián, records “...S[enior] Lop Garzez in Unocastello et in Banasto, S[enior] don Pedro in Boltania, S[enior] don Kaluet in Elson et in Auinzala, S[enior] Ramon Galiniz in Stata, S[enior] Exemen Garzez et S[enior][ Ennecho Sangiz in Montson[728].  A charter dated 1099 records the settlement of a dispute concerning the donation of “la villa de Aldunate y un palacio en Aibar” to Leire monastery by “senior Exemen Garceiz de Indurein”, challenged thirty years later by “duo fratres senior Lope Garceiz et senior Fortun Garceiz de villa Stelaua et Aiessa” despite the confirmation by “senior Lope Exemenones filius predicti donatoris senioris Exemen Garceiz” after his father´s death[729].  On the basis of the reconstruction shown here, Lope García and Fortún García would have been the paternal uncles of Lope Jiménez.  m MARIA, daughter of --- (-after 25 Mar 1080).  “Senior Lope Garces (tenente in Tafalla and Uncastillo) and his wife Maria” donated property to San Juan by charter dated 25 Mar 1080[730]

c)         FORTÚN García (-after 1099).  A charter dated 1099 records the settlement of a dispute concerning the donation of “la villa de Aldunate y un palacio en Aibar” to Leire monastery by “senior Exemen Garceiz de Indurein”, challenged thirty years later by “duo fratres senior Lope Garceiz et senior Fortun Garceiz de villa Stelaua et Aiessa” despite the confirmation by “senior Lope Exemenones filius predicti donatoris senioris Exemen Garceiz” after his father´s death[731].  On the basis of the reconstruction shown here, Lope García and Fortún García would have been the paternal uncles of Lope Jiménez. 

d)         SANCHA García (-after 27 Nov 1064).  “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated the monastery of Santa María de Indurain to Leire by charter dated 27 Nov 1064[732]

e)         [GARCÍA García (-after [20 Jul 1062]).  The two charters signed by García García, with Lope García and with Jimeno García, with their names adjacent and all holding positions at the royal court, suggest that they may all have been brothers.  Stabularius at the royal court: Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted property to "senior Eximino Furtuniones et senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 19 Mar 1058, confirmed by "…senior Lope Garceiz alferiz, senior Gartia Garceiz stabulario…"[733].  “…Senior Garcia Garceiz stabularius regis…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060[734].  "Ranimirus infans, Garsea rex prolis" donated property to the prior of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [20 Jul 1062], confirmed by "…senior Eximino Garzeiz armiger regis, senior Garcia Garceiz stabularius regis…"[735].] 

f)          [VELASCO García (-after 1087).  No indication has been found that Velasco García and Jimeno García were brothers apart from the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.  Botellero at the royal court: Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Blasco Garceiz botellero…[736].  “…Senior Velasco Garceiz botecarius…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060[737].  “…Senior Blasco Arceiz bothecarius…” witnessed a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[738].  “…Senior Blasco Garceiç botecarius regis…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1063[739].  “…Senior Uelasco Garceiz uotecarius…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[740].  “…Senior Blasco Arceiz boteilarius…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Apr 1064[741]Maior domus at the royal court: “…Senior Blasco Garceiz, maiordomus regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[742].  “…Senior Blasco Garceiz, maiordomus regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[743]

g)         [PEDRO García (-after 3 Jul 1072).  Armiger at the royal court: “…Armiger regis Petro Garceiz…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[744].  “…Senior Petro Garceiz armiger regis…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[745].  “…Senior Petro Garceiz armiger regis…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1068[746].  “…Senior Petro Garceiz alferiz…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 22 Mar 1069[747].  “…Senior Petro Garceiz, armiger regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache dated 1070[748].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Petro Garzeiz alferiz…[749].  “…Senior Petro Arceiç, armiger regis…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 17 Apr 1072[750].  “…Senior Petro Garceiz, armiger…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[751]

 

24.      GARCÍA --- ([1000/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had one child: 

a)         JIMENO García (-after 1074).  The overlapping of the dates of the charters suggests that this Jimeno García was not the same person as the Jimeno García who was recorded with official positions at court between 1062 and 1064 (see above).  On the other hand it is possible that some of the references quoted below apply to the other Jimeno García.  Señor en LeguínSeñor en Tafalla.  "Senior Garcia Acenariz" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated to [2 Feb 1054/1063], subscribed by "Semeno Garceyç in Liguin et Tafalla…"[752].  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz in Ligin…” subscribed a charter dated 8 Jul 1057[753].  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz dominator Ligin…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[754].  “…Senior Xemen Garceiz in Ligin…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated [28/31] Dec 1058 under which “Senior Garcia Blascones de Escaloz” donated property in Urdasacu to Leire monastery[755].  “…Senior Xemen Garceiz in Tafallia…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 1058[756].  “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated the monastery of Santa María de Indurain to Leire by charter dated 27 Nov 1064[757].  [Señor en Arrosta.  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz in Arrosta…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[758].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Eximino Garceiz in Arruesta…[759].]  [Señor en Baztán.  “…Senior Eximino Garceiz in Baztan…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[760].]  [Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz” by charter dated 27 Oct [1068][761].]  [Señor en Deyo.  "Eximino Acenareç…cum coniuge mea Santia Sanciz" donated the monastery of San Miguel junto a Zuazu en Araquíl to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 14 Apr 1068, witnessed by "…Eximinus Garsie in Deyo…"[762]Señor en San Estebán.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Eximino Garzeaz in Sancti Stephani…[763].]  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Eximino Garceiz in Legin…"[764]

 

25.      GARCÍA --- ([1000/10]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         FORTÚN García (-after 1074).  [Señor en Aptol, Señor en Petralta…Senior Fortun Garceiz dominator in Abtol et Petra alta…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060[765].]  Señor en Calahorra.  “…Senior Fortun Garces de Calahorra…” subscribed a charter of the monastery of San Prudencio dated 29 Aug 1065[766].  "Ranimirus infans, Garsea rex prolis" donated property "qui fuit de Fortunio Scanciano de patre meo…qui dominatus fuerit Calagurre" to the prior of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [20 Jul 1062], confirmed by "senior Fortuni Garzeiz dominator Calagurre…"[767].  "Eximino Acenareç…cum coniuge mea Santia Sanciz" donated the monastery of San Miguel junto a Zuazu en Araquíl to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 14 Apr 1068, witnessed by "…Fortunio Garceys in Calahorra…"[768].  “…Senior Furtun Garceiz in Calahorra…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[769].  “…Senior Furtun Garceiz, Calagurra…” witnessed a charter for Irache dated 1070[770].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Fortun Garzeaz in Kalaorra…[771].  "Sancius rex" granted the villa of Ezquíroz to "ancilla mea domina Eximina [et] filio meo Raymonde quem habui en te" by charter dated 18 Jul 1071, subscribed by "…Fortunio Garceyç dominante Funes, Fortunio Garceyç dominante Calagurra…"[772].  “…Senior Fortunio Garceiz in Calagorra…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[773]

b)         [SANCHO García (-after 1 Jan 1071).  The common reference to the señorío of Aptol suggests that Sancho García was the brother of Fortún García.  Señor en Aptol.  “…Senior Santio Garceiz in Aptol…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[774].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Sanzio Garceaz in Abetol…[775].] 

 

26.      GARCÍA --- ([1015/30]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN García (-after 1084).  This person was different from Fortún García Señor en Calahorra, as shown by the Pamplona charter dated 18 Jul 1071 quoted below.  Señor en Funes.  “Senior Fortun Garceiz dominator in Funes…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1068[776].  “…Senior Furtun Garceiz in Funes…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[777].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Fortun Garzeaz in Funes…[778].  "Sancius rex" granted the villa of Ezquíroz to "ancilla mea domina Eximina [et] filio meo Raymonde quem habui en te" by charter dated 18 Jul 1071, subscribed by "…Fortunio Garceyç dominante Funes, Fortunio Garceyç dominante Calagurra…"[779].  “…Senior Fortunio Garceiz in Funes…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[780].  “…Senior Fertunio Garceiz, dominator Funes…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[781].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Fortunio Garzeiz in Funes…"[782].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Furtun Garceiç, Funes…"[783]same person as…?  FORTÚN García (-after 1075).  It is not known whether this person was different from Fortún García Señor en Funes (see above).  The only Marañón citation so far identified is subsequent to the Funes citations quoted above, so it is possible that the same person transferred señorío from Funes to Marañón.  Alternatively, the Marañón entry could be an error, either the place or the person.  Señor en Marañón.  "…Sennor Fortun Garceiz dominator Maranione…" subscribed a charter dated 1075 of "Sancius…rex"[784]same person as…?  FORTÚN García (-after 1084).  It is not known whether this person was different from Fortún García Señor en Funes or Fortún García Señor en Marañón (see above).  The only Punicastro citation so far identified is subsequent to the Funes and Marañón citations quoted above, so it is possible that the same person transferred señorío from Funes to Marañón and to Punicastro.  Alternatively, the Marañón entry could be an error, either the place or the person.  Señor en Punicastro.  “…Senior Fertunio Garzeiz, dominator Punicastro…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[785].  “…Senior Fortunio Garcia in Punicastro” subscribed the charter dated 1080 under which “Domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[786].  “Senior Fortun Garzeiz in Punicastro…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1080[787].  “…Senior Fertunio Garceiz dominator Punicastro…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1083[788].  “…Senior Fortunio Garceiz in Punicastro…” is named in the dating clause of a charter for Leire dated 1084[789].  “…Senior Fortunio Garceiz in Punicastro…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) for Leire dated 1084[790].   

 

27.      GÓMEZ --- ([975/90-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Galindo was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Gómez´s wife is not known.  Gómez & his wife had one child: 

a)         GALINDO Gómez (after 17 Apr [1030]).  Armentarius at the royal court: "…Garindo Gomiç armentarius regis…" subscribed a charter dated to 17 Apr [1030] for Pamplona[791]

 

28.      GONZALO --- ([975/90-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Álvaro was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Gonzalo´s wife is not known.  Gonzalo & his wife had one child: 

a)         ÁLVARO González (-after 1044).  Señor en Guinea.  “Senior Lope Sanchiz de Aramington et…senior Alvaro Gonzalvez de Quinea…" donated property “San Martín de Herrera…y en Nave de Albura” to the monastery of San Millán de Cogolla by charter dated 1044[792]Presumably the two donors were related as they shared interest in the same property.  It is not certain that Lope Sánchez and Álvaro González belonged to the first tier of nobility in Navarre.  They are not described as “dominator” of their señoríos, which is the term used in respect of the three lay subscribers of the same document.  In addition, the small number of subscribers suggests that the donation was not of major importance to the monastery.  If this is correct, it is less likely that they were ancestors of other Navarrese nobles listed below in this document. 

 

29.      ÍÑIGO --- ([950/60]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         JIMENO Iñíguez (-after 13 Apr 1030).  Señor en Huarte…Senior Xemeno Ennecones dominator Huarte…” subscribed a charter dated 21 Oct 1015 for Leire monastery[793].  "…Senior Eximino Ennecones…" subscribed a charter dated 6 Aug 1025 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[794].  "Sancio rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 13 Apr 1030, confirmed by "…sennor Symeon Ennecones…sennor Galindo Ennecones…sennor Galindo Ennecones monacus"[795]

b)         [GALINDO Iñíguez (after 13 Apr 1030).  The fact that Jimeno Iñiguez and Galindo Iñiguez both subscribed the same 1030 charter provides another indication, in addition to the common patronymic and favourable chronology, that they may have been brothers.  "Sancio rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 13 Apr 1030, confirmed by "…sennor Symeon Ennecones…sennor Galindo Ennecones…sennor Galindo Ennecones monacus"[796]

 

30.      ÍÑIGO --- ([950/60]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Lope was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOPE Iñíguez (-after 21 Oct 1015).  Señor en Marañón“…Senior Lope Ennecones dominator Maranione…” subscribed two charters for Leire monastery dated 21 Oct 1015[797]

 

31.      [ÍÑIGO --- ([955/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Lope was 60 years old when he died.  It is probable that this Íñigo was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Iñíguez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Íñigo among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, particularly because only one Íñigo is named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOPE Iñíguez (-before 1048).  Señor en Aquism ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had six children: 

i)          LOPE López (-after 1048).  The charter dated 1048 under which “Filii de senior Lope Ennecones de Aquis, Galindo Lopiz, Fortun Lopiz, Blaskita Lopiz, et Lopa Lopiz et Tota Lopiz” sold property “molinos de padule de Sancti Vicenti” to Leire monastery records that “Lope Lopiz germano maiore” had “salito (fled?)…ad terra de moros” and that Galindo López accepted his part[798]

ii)         GALINDO López (-after 1048).  “Filii de senior Lope Ennecones de Aquis, Galindo Lopiz, Fortun Lopiz, Blaskita Lopiz, et Lopa Lopiz et Tota Lopiz” sold property “molinos de padule de Sancti Vicenti” to Leire monastery by charter dated 1048[799].   

iii)        FORTÚN López (-after 1048).  “Filii de senior Lope Ennecones de Aquis, Galindo Lopiz, Fortun Lopiz, Blaskita Lopiz, et Lopa Lopiz et Tota Lopiz” sold property “molinos de padule de Sancti Vicenti” to Leire monastery by charter dated 1048[800].   

iv)       VELASQUITA López (-after 1048).  “Filii de senior Lope Ennecones de Aquis, Galindo Lopiz, Fortun Lopiz, Blaskita Lopiz, et Lopa Lopiz et Tota Lopiz” sold property “molinos de padule de Sancti Vicenti” to Leire monastery by charter dated 1048[801].   

v)        LOPA López (-after 1048).  “Filii de senior Lope Ennecones de Aquis, Galindo Lopiz, Fortun Lopiz, Blaskita Lopiz, et Lopa Lopiz et Tota Lopiz” sold property “molinos de padule de Sancti Vicenti” to Leire monastery by charter dated 1048[802].   

vi)       TODA López (-after 1048).  “Filii de senior Lope Ennecones de Aquis, Galindo Lopiz, Fortun Lopiz, Blaskita Lopiz, et Lopa Lopiz et Tota Lopiz” sold property “molinos de padule de Sancti Vicenti” to Leire monastery by charter dated 1048[803].   

 

32.      [ÍÑIGO --- ([960/70-before 1035).  ([980/95]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that he was over 60 when he died.  It is probable that this Íñigo was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Iñíguez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Íñigo among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, particularly because only one Íñigo is named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m CETA, daughter of --- (-after 1035).  "Domna Ceta et suo filio senior Lop Enneconis et…sus germanas" sold property in Vilás to the monastery of San Andrés de Fanlo by charter dated 1035[804].  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOPE Iñíguez (-after 1035).  "Domna Ceta et suo filio senior Lop Enneconis et…sus germanas" sold property to the monastery of San Andrés de Fanlo by charter dated 1035[805]same person as…?  LOPE Iñíguez (-after 1049).  It is possible that this Lope Iñíguez was the same person as one of the other individuals of this name who are noted above, particularly as it seems unlikely that so many different nobles with the same name/patronymic combination should have been alive in Navarre at the same time.  Señor en Banares.  “…Senior Lope Ennecones de Banares…” subscribed a charter dated 1049 for San Millán de la Cogolla[806]

b)         daughters (-after 1035).  "Domna Ceta et suo filio senior Lop Enneconis et…sus germanas" sold property to the monastery of San Andrés de Fanlo by charter dated 1035[807]

 

33.      [ÍÑIGO --- ([960/75]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Lope was 20 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Íñigo was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Iñíguez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Íñigo among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, particularly because only one Íñigo is named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOPE Iñíguez (-after 1031).  Stabularius at the royal court: "…Lupus Enneci maiorequorum…" subscribed a charter dated 996 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[808]Botilarius at the royal court: "Sancius rex…cum coniux mea Mumadonna regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1011, signed by "…senior Lope Enneconis botilarius…"[809].  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1014, signed by "…sennor Lope Ennecones botilarius…"[810].  "Sancius rex" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by his parents by charter dated 1020, signed by "…Lope Ennecones botellarius…"[811]Señor en Azegra.  "Sancius…rex" recommended privileges to Santa María de Pamplona and San Salvador de Leirz by charter dated 29 Sep 1023, witnessed by "…senior Lope Enecones"[812].  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Munnia domna" donated property to the monastery of Albelda by charter dated 17 Dec 1024, confirmed by "…senior Lope Enecones…"[813].  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of Elocuáin to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "…senior Lope Enecones de Acegra…"[814]same person as…?  LOPE Iñíguez (-after 26 Dec 1032).  Señor en Arrosta.  “...Senior Lope Ennecones de Arrosta...” witnessed the charter dated 21 Apr [1028] under which Sancho III King of Navarre introduced Benedictine rules to San Juan de la Peña[815]“…Lope Enneconis dominatur Arruesta…” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1032 for Leire monastery[816].  “...Lope Enneconis in Arruasta...” witnessed the charter dated 8 Jan 1033 under which prior Sancius et...Eximinus et...Dakus presbiteri” founded the monastery of Santa Eulalia and donated it to San Juan de la Peña[817]same person as…?  LOPE IñíguezSeñor en Elcarte.  He is named in the charter dated 1100 of his son "Lope Lopeiz filius senioris Lupi Eneconis de Elcarte"[818]m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          [GARCÍA López (-after 1056).  The common reference to the señorío de Uncastello, the patronymic and the chronology all suggest that García was the brother of Lope López.  Señor en Uncastello.  “Senior Garcia Lopeiz in Uncastello” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 1056 under which “dompna Urraca” sold property “entre Celigueta y Besolla Ezpelduia” to “senior Acenari Lopeiz[819].] 

ii)         [AZNAR López (-after 1056).  The common reference to the señorío de Uncastello, the patronymic and the chronology all suggest that Aznar was the brother of Lope López.  “Senior Garcia Lopeiz in Uncastello” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 1056 under which “dompna Urraca” sold property “entre Celigueta y Besolla Ezpelduia” to “senior Acenari Lopeiz[820].] 

iii)        LOPE López (-after Aug 1116).  Señor en Marañón"Domna Tota Fortunionis de Cillegieta" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1088, confirmed by "…comite domno Lope in Alava in Bizcahia, senior Lope Lopez de Marangone…"[821].  “…Senior Lope Lopeiz in Marannon…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 20 Apr [1088][822].  "Lope Lopeiz filius senioris Lupi Eneconis de Elcarte" donated "la villa Eguiror" to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1100, the dating clause naming "…senior Eneco Bealeiz in Puzcoa…"[823]Señor en Uncastello.  "Adefonsus Sangiz…rex" granted property to "Garcia Eximinonis meo alferiz" by charter dated Apr 1105, in the dating clause naming "…senior Lope Lopez in Uno Castello…"[824].  "Adefonsus Sangiz…rex" granted rights to the monastery of San Salvador del Pueyo by charter dated May 1108, the dating clause naming "…senior Lope Lopiç de Unocastello…"[825]Señor en Calahorra.  The dating clause of a charter dated Jan 1116, under which Alfonso I King of Aragon donated “casas de Ramondo Guielmo et de Petro Guielmo suo germano...in Monteson et in Barbastro” to Alaón, records “...senior Lope Lopez in Calagorra...[826]...Sennor Lope Lopiz de Calaforra...” confirmed the charter dated Aug 1116 under which Alfonso I King of Aragon donated the monastery of San Martín de Soto to Valvanera[827]m ---.  The name of Lope's wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had [one possible child]: 

(a)       [GARCÍA López (-after Aug 1110).  Señor en TobiaSeñor en MarañónThe dating clause of a charter dated 1110, under which Alfonso I King of Aragon donated property to Valvanera, records “...Garsia Lopiz, Tobia et Marannon...[828]"Urraca…tocius Ispanie regina" confirmed rights of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated Aug 1110, confirmed by "…Garsia Lopiz in Maraione…"[829].] 

 

34.      [ÍÑIGO --- ([970/85]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Íñigo was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Iñíguez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Íñigo among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, particularly because only one Íñigo is named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         SANCHO Iñíguez (-after 2 Nov 1044).  “…Senior Sancii Enechonis…” subscribed a charter dated 2 Nov 1044 for the monastery of Santa María la Real de Nájera[830]

 

35.      [ÍÑIGO (-after 1020).  It is probable that this Íñigo was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed as the father of one or more “Iñíguez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Íñigo among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, particularly because only one Íñigo is named in the late 10th century sources so far consulted, as shown in Part E above.]  Señor en Funes.  "…Sennor Enneco de Funes…" subscribed a charters for San Millán de la Cogolla monastery dated 1020[831]

 

36.      ÍÑIGOm ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         JIMENO IñíguezSeñor en Lerdam ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had two children: 

i)          ÍÑIGO Jiménez (-after 19 Sep [1055]).  The charter dated 19 Sep [1055] under which “Domina Santia, filia de senior Eximino Ennecones de Lerda” sold property “molinos…y la padula de San Vicente” to Leire monastery names “Enneco Eximinones suo germano[832]

ii)         SANCHA Jiménez (-after 19 Sep [1055]).  “Domina Santia, filia de senior Eximino Ennecones de Lerda” sold property “molinos…y la padula de San Vicente” to Leire monastery by charter dated 19 Sep [1055], signed by “Senior Oriol Asnari de Serramiana…[833]

 

37.      ÍÑIGO --- ([975/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Galindo was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         GALINDO Iñíguez (after [1082]).  Mayor quoquorum at the royal court: “…Galindo Enecones maior quoquorum…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Apr 1042 for the monastery of Leire[834]Señor en Viguera.  "Stephania regina…cum filio meo rege Santio" returned property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 9 Nov 1056, confirmed by "…senior Galindo Enechones dominante Vichera…"[835].  “…Galindo Eneconis…” subscribed a charter dated 1074 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[836].  A charter dated to [1082] names “dominante Vikera senior Galindo Ennecones” and records the murder of one of his vassals[837].  “…Senior Lope Ennecones pincernarius…” witnessed a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[838]

 

38.      ÍÑIGO --- ([990/1005]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA Iñíguez (-after 27 Oct 1057).  Señor en Petralta.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Garsia Ennecones de Petralta…[839].  “…Senior Garsia Ennecones dominator Petralta…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[840]

 

39.      ÍÑIGO --- (-before 13 May 1063)m TODA López, daughter of LOPE --- & his wife --- (-after 13 May 1063).  “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire, with the consent of “filiorum meorum omnium…senioris Garsie Enneconis et Eximino Ennecones, et…filiabus meis domne Andregoto Enneconis et domne Billite”, by charter dated 13 May 1063, which names “episcopo domno Eximini” and “seniori Garsie Lopiz suo nepoti” who inherited “Biozali” after the bishop died and adopted “meum filium, suum nepotem seniorem Garsianum Enneconis”, the dating clause of the charter naming “Senior Garseas Ennecones isti qui cartam fecit, in Elisu[841].  Íñigo & his wife had four children: 

a)         GARCÍA Iñíguez (-after 13 May 1063).  Señor en ElisuesDomna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire, with the consent of “filiorum meorum omnium…senioris Garsie Enneconis et Eximino Ennecones, et…filiabus meis domne Andregoto Enneconis et domne Billite”, by charter dated 13 May 1063, which names “episcopo domno Eximini” and “seniori Garsie Lopiz suo nepoti” who inherited “Biozali” after the bishop died and adopted “meum filium, suum nepotem seniorem Garsianum Enneconis”, the dating clause of the charter naming “Senior Garseas Ennecones isti qui cartam fecit, in Elisu[842]

b)         JIMENO Iñíguez (-after 13 May 1063).  “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire, with the consent of “filiorum meorum omnium…senioris Garsie Enneconis et Eximino Ennecones, et…filiabus meis domne Andregoto Enneconis et domne Billite”, by charter dated 13 May 1063[843]

c)         ANDREGOTO Iñíguez (-after 13 May 1063).  “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire, with the consent of “filiorum meorum omnium…senioris Garsie Enneconis et Eximino Ennecones, et…filiabus meis domne Andregoto Enneconis et domne Billite”, by charter dated 13 May 1063[844]

d)         BILLITE Iñíguez (-after 13 May 1063).  “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire, with the consent of “filiorum meorum omnium…senioris Garsie Enneconis et Eximino Ennecones, et…filiabus meis domne Andregoto Enneconis et domne Billite”, by charter dated 13 May 1063[845]

 

40.      ÍÑIGO --- ([1005/15]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         FORTÚN Iñíguez (-after 28 Oct [1087]).  The co-identity of Fortún Iñíguez fertorarius and Fortún Iñíguez Señor en Funes appears to be established by a series of charters for the monastery of San Andrés de Fanlo in which "senior Fortunio Enneconis alferiz in Aguero”, “senior Fortunio Ennecones alferiz in Aguero et in Arrigulis”, “senior Fertunio Ennecones alferiz in Funes” and “senior Fortunio Ennecones alferiz in Funes et in Aguero” is named in the dating clauses, dated 29 Jun 1069, 27 Jun 1074, 1 Jan 1083 and 11 Nov 1083 respectively[846]Fertorarius at the royal court: Fertorarius at the royal court: “…Senior Fortunio Ennecones fertorarius regis…” witnessed a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[847].  "…Fortunius Eneconis fertorarius…" subscribed the charter for Pamplona cathedral dated 13 Feb 1063[848].  [Pincerna at the royal court: “…Senior Fertunio Enecones pincerna regis…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1063[849].  “…Senior Furtunio Enneconis, pincernarius…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[850].  “…Senior Fortun Ennecones pincerna…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Apr 1064[851].  “…Picernarius regis Fortuin Enecones…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[852].]  Armiger at the royal court: “…Senior Fertunio Eneconis, armiger regis…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[853].  "…Fortunio Enecones armiger regis…" subscribed the charter for Pamplona cathedral dated 22 Apr 1073[854]Señor en Funes.  “…Senior Fertunio Enecones, dominator Funes…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[855].  “…Senior Fortuin Enecones, en Funes…” subscribed the charter dated 1079 under which “Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[856].  “…Senior Fortun Enecoiz in Funes…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1080[857].  “Senior Fertunio Enecones dominanter Funes…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1083[858].  “…Senior Fortunio Enecones in Funes…” is named in the dating clause of a charter for Leire dated 1084[859].  “…Senior Furtunio Enecones dominator Funes…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[860]Señor en Galipienzo.  “…Senior Fortum Enecones, Galipienzo et in Funes…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) for Leire dated 1084[861]Señor en Utzama.  "Sancius rex Pampilonensium et Aragonensium…cum filio meo Petro" confirmed the rights of the bishop of Pamplona to the town of Pamplona by charter dated 28 Oct [1087], witnessed by "…Fortunio Enecones de Utzama…"[862].  “…Senior Fertunio Enecones, armiger regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[863].  “Senior Fertunio Enecones armiger regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[864]

b)         [LOPE Iñíguez (after 12 Mar 1076).  Pincerna at the royal court: “…Senior Lope Ennecones pincernarius…” witnessed a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[865]Fertorarius at the royal court: “…Senior Lope Enecones fertorarius regis…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1063[866].  “…Senior Lope Enneconis, fertorarius…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[867].  “…Offertor regis Lope Eneconis…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[868]Stabularius at the royal court: “…Senior Lope Ennecones, stabularius…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[869].  “…Senior Lope Enecones, stabularius…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[870].  “…Senior Lope Eneconis, stabularius…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 12 Mar 1076[871].]  

c)         [GARCÍA Iñíguez (after 27 Apr 1064).  His signing the same charter as both Lope Iñíguez and Fortún Iñíguez, and all three holding positions at court at the same time, suggests that they may have been brothers.  Maior domus at the royal court: “…Senior Garcia Enneconis maiordominus…” witnessed a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[872].  “…Senior Garcia Enecones maiordomus regis…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1063[873].  “…Senior Garcia Enneconis, maiordomus…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[874].  “…Senior Garssia Fortuniones maiordomino…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Apr 1064[875].]   

 

41.      ÍÑIGO --- m as her first husband, TODA Aznárez, daughter of AZNAR --- & his wife --- (-Jerusalem before 1111).  Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the charter dated 1087 under which “Tota Azenariz” donated the monastery of San Pedro de Etadar to Irache monastery, for the soul of “mariti mei senioris Fertunii Lopiz” and with the consent of “filii mei Lope Enecones et generis mei senioris Mome Momiz et filie mee Tota Eneconis et senioris Lope Lopiz de Arteeta et etiam domini Petri de Ataondo[876].  She married secondly Fortún López.  Her [second] marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1111 of her daughter-in-law “Sancia Scemenones” who donated the monastery of San Pedro de Etadar, previously donated by “socrus mea domna Tota Acenariz…mater domini mei de senior Acenari Fortunionis” who had died in Jerusalem, to Irache monastery[877].  Íñigo & his wife had two children: 

a)         LOPE Iñíguez (-after 1087).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1087 under which “Tota Azenariz” donated the monastery of San Pedro de Etadar to Irache monastery, for the soul of “mariti mei senioris Fertunii Lopiz” and with the consent of “filii mei Lope Enecones et generis mei senioris Mome Momiz et filie mee Tota Eneconis…[878]

b)         TODA Íñíguez (-after 1087).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1087 under which “Tota Azenariz” donated the monastery of San Pedro de Etadar to Irache monastery, for the soul of “mariti mei senioris Fertunii Lopiz” and with the consent of “filii mei Lope Enecones et generis mei senioris Mome Momiz et filie mee Tota Eneconis…[879]

 

42.      JIMENO --- ([970/85]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Galindo was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         GALINDO Jiménez (-after 29 Aug 1036).  “…Galindo Scemenones de Naiera amirate, Bono Patre…” subscribed a charter dated 29 Aug 1036 for San Millán de la Cogolla[880]

 

 

43.      JIMENO --- ([985/95]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Jiménez (-after 25 Jul 1063).  [“…Senior Fortuni Eximinones et senior Orti Ortiz infertares…” subscribed a charter for Leire dated 13 Aug 1043[881].  This is the only example so far found of the position infertaris and the precise role is not known.  It is possible that it is the same as the position called “fertorarius” in a charter for Leire dated 13 Feb 1063[882].  Neither word is listed in Whitaker´s Latin Dictionary[883].  It is not known whether the Fortún Jiménez named in this 1043 document was the same person as the Fortún Jiménez described as Señor en Turrillas in 1063.  Assuming that positions at the royal court were assigned to young junior nobles, a twenty year time gap before his appearance as “señor” does not seem surprising and suggests that this co-identity is possibly correct.]  Señor en Turrillas.  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted settlement rights to the people of Longares (Albelda) by charter dated 25 Jul 1063, confirmed by "…senior Fortunio Eximinones de Turrilias…"[884].  [Señor en Almonezeri.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Fortun Scimenones in Almonezeri…[885].]  [Señor en Iubera.  “…Senior Fortunio Xemenones in Çuuera…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[886].] 

 

44.      JIMENO --- ([1005/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Aznar was 30 years old when first mentioned.  .  m ---.  The name of Jimeno´s wife is not known.  Jimeno & his wife had one child: 

a)         AZNAR Jiménez (-after 20 Mar 1076).  Señor en Galipenz"S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Huarte, S[enior] Lop Garcez in Unocastello et in Arrosta, S[enior] Ramon Galindo in Stata, S[enior] Petro Sanz in Boltania et in Mercolo, S[enior] Acenar Xemenez in Gallipienz, S[enior] Sancio Fredelando in Atares, S[enior] Galin Sanz in Sos et in Argedas, S[enior] Enneg Sanz in Montecluso, S[enior] Exemen Garzez in Boil, S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Bail et in Eliso" subscribed the charter dated 20 Mar 1067 under which Sancho I King of Aragon confirmed his father´s donations to Sobrarbe San Victorián[887].  “…Senior Acenar Xemeneiz in Galipenz…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated to [1069/70][888].  "S[enior] Fertung in Huarte, S[enior] Lop Garcez in Unocastello et in Arrosta, S[enior] Ramon Galindo in Stata, S[enior] Petro Sanz in Boltania et in Mercorlo, S[enior] Acenar Xemenez in Gallipienz, S[enior] Sancio Fredelando in Atares, S[enior] Galin Sanz in Sos et in Argedas, S[enior] Enneg Sanz in Montecluso, S[enior] Exemen Garzez in Boil, S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Bail et in Eliso" subscribed the charter dated 20 Mar 1076 under which Sancho I King of Aragon confirmed the privileges of Sobrarbe San Victorián[889]

 

45.      JUAN --- ([1015/30]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Pedro was 30 years old when first mentioned.  The names Juan and Pedro are less common among Navarrese nobility than in Asturias and León, where the ancestry of Fernando Fernández should presumably be sought.  m ---.  The name of Juan´s wife is not known.  Juan & his wife had one child: 

a)         PEDRO Yáñez (-after 1087).  Señor en NájeraThe dating clause of the charter dated 1079, under which the abbot of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla exchanged properties, names "regnante Alfonsus rex in Spania et sub eius imperio senior Petro Iohanne dominantur Naiere, senior Monnio Beilaz dominante Cannas…"[890].  "Petro Iohannes" is named as "dominante Naiera" in the dating clause of a charter dated 1081[891].  "Adefonsus…tocius Ispanie rex" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter darted 1082, confirmed by "…Petrus Iohane, qui actenus illud rexit merino in Naiera…"[892].  "Gundissalvo Nunnez…cum uxore mea dompna Goto et mea cognate dompna Urraca et dompna Ariel Nunniz" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1087, confirmed by "…Petro Iohanne merino regis tocius Castelle…"[893]

 

46.      LOPE --- ([940/60]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is possible that he was the same person as “Senior Lope Albarez et...sua mulier domna domna Blasquita” who donated “villa Votia” to San Juan de la Peña by charter dated 1025, witnessed by “senior Garcia Lopez...[894].  If that is correct, he was Lope Álvarez (-1025 or after).  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  The charter dating 13 May 1063 under which her daughter “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire names “episcopo domno Eximini” and “seniori Garsie Lopiz suo nepoti” who inherited “Biozali” after the bishop died and adopted “meum filium, suum nepotem seniorem Garsianum Enneconis[895].  Lope himself or Lope´s wife was the brother/sister of Bishop Jimeno.  The charter of Leire dated 21 Oct 1015 names “Eximinus episcopus Irunensis[896], but he is not named in subsequent charters for Leire.  “Eximinus Pampilonensis episcopus” is named in a charter dated 1020 for San Millán de la Cogolla[897], but not in later documents.  Lope & his wife had [six] children (it is not certain that all six of these children were sons of the same Lope): 

a)         GARCÍA López (-after 1040).  "Sancius rex…cum coniux mea Mumadonna regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1011, signed by "…senior Garsea Lopez…"[898].  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1014, signed by "…sennor Garsea Lopez…"[899]Señor en Arrosta.  “…Senior Garcia Lopez dominator in Arrosta…” subscribed charters for Leire monastery dated 17 Apr 1014 (two) and 21 Oct 1015 (two)[900].  "Sancius…rex" recommended the rule of St Benedict to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 21 Oct 1022, witnessed by "…senior Garsia Lopiç…"[901].  ["Sanco rex" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by by charter dated 1020, signed by "…sennor Garsea Lopez prior in omnia imperii palatii…"[902].  It is assumed that this charter refers to the same García López but this is not beyond all doubt.  No other nobleman of this name has been identified in other Navarrese charters in the early 11th century.  However, no other case has been observed where a noble who held a señorío is also named as an official at court around the same time.]  "Sancius rex et uxor mea Muma dompna regina" donated property to the monastery of Yarte y Anoz by charter dated 17 May 1024, confirmed by "…senior Garcia Lopiz…"[903].  [“Senior Lope Albarez et...sua mulier domna domna Blasquita” donated “villa Votia” to San Juan de la Peña by charter dated 1025, witnessed by “senior Garcia Lopez...[904]It is not certain that this charter names the same García López, but the chronology is favourable.  “Domna Blasquita de Bodia” sold “villa...Araguase” to “senior Garcia Lopez et ad sua uxor Sancia Azenarez de Bagona” by charter dated to [1025][905].]  "Sancius…rex…cum coniuge mea regina domina Maiora" donated the monastery of San Sebastian to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 17 Apr 1014, redated to [1030], subscribed by "…senior Garcia Lopeç dominator Arrosta…"[906].  "Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "…senior Garsea Lopeyç, armifer regis…"[907].  [m SANCHA Aznárez, daughter of AZNAR --- & his wife ---.  If García López was the same person as named in the charter dated 1025 under which “Senior Lope Albarez et...sua mulier domna domna Blasquita” donated “villa Votia” to San Juan de la Peña, witnessed by “senior Garcia Lopez...[908], García López was married to Sancha Aznárez: “Domna Blasquita de Bodia” sold “villa...Araguase” to “senior Garcia Lopez et ad sua uxor Sancia Azenarez de Bagona” by charter dated to [1025][909].]   

b)         TODA Lopez (-after 13 May 1063).  “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire, with the consent of “filiorum meorum omnium…senioris Garsie Enneconis et Eximino Ennecones, et…filiabus meis domne Andregoto Enneconis et domne Billite”, by charter dated 13 May 1063, which names “episcopo domno Eximini” and “seniori Garsie Lopiz suo nepoti” who inherited “Biozali” after the bishop died and adopted “meum filium, suum nepotem seniorem Garsianum Enneconis”, the dating clause of the charter naming “Senior Garseas Ennecones isti qui cartam fecit, in Elisu[910]m ÍÑIGO ---, son of --- (-before 13 May 1063). 

c)         [FORTÚN López (-after 29 May 1053, or [after 27 Oct 1057]).  Señor en Ocon.  "Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…sennor Fortun Lopez dominans Ocon…"[911].  [Señor en Estella.  "Sanctius…rex" restored property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "… senior Fortunio Lopez de Stella"[912].  "Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "…senior Fortun Lopeyç, Stella…"[913].]  "Senior Azenari Sanchiz" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1039, confirmed by "…sennor Fortun Lopez"[914]Señor en Tetelia.  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania regina" granted property to "fidele meo Azenari Ennecones" by charter dated 29 Jul 1040, confirmed by "…sennor Fortun Lopez de Tetelia…"[915].  "…Sennor Furtun Lopiz dominator de Tetelia…" subscribed a charter dated 1044 for San Millán de Cogolla[916].  "…senior Fortun Lopeç de Tetelia…" confirmed the grant by "Garseas rex" of the monastery of Anoz to the bishop of Pamplona, by charter dated 19 [Apr] 1047[917].  "…Sennor Furtun Lopiz dominator Tetelia…" subscribed two charters dated 1049 and one dated 8 Nov 1050 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[918].  [Several entries have been found in which “…Sennor Fortun Lopez…” subscribed charters for San Millán de Cogolla without any territorial epithet, dated 21 Oct 1047, 1049 (two), and 17 Feb 1050 (two)[919].  It is likely that these all refer to Fortún López Señor en Tetelia.  However, there is a possibility that Fortún López Señor en Clavillo is indicated in some or all of these documents, assuming that he was in fact a separate person (see below).]  "Garsea rex et…Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 29 May 1053, confirmed by "Senior Furtun Sanchiz, sennor Sancio Furtunionis, senior Lope Furtunionis, senior Furtun Lopez…"[920].]  [“Senior Fortunio Lopiz” donated Zalurríbar monastery to Leire by charter dated [27 Oct 1057][921].] 

d)         [LOPE López (-after 21 Oct 1015).  Maior domus at the royal court: “…Lope Lopiz maiordomus…” subscribed two charters for Leire monastery dated 21 Oct 1015[922]

e)         [SANCHO López (-after 17 Feb 1050).  “…Sennior Sancio Lopiz…” subscribed charters for the monasteries of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 1042, Santa María la Real de Nájera dated 25 Mar 1042, and Leire dated 13 Aug 1043 and 1047[923].  Señor en Poza.  “…Senior Sancio Lopiz dominator de Poza…” acted as guarantor in a charter dated 18 Nov 1047 for Leire monastery[924].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Sancio Lopiz dominans Poza…"[925].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" set the limits of the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Sancio Lopez de Poza…"[926].  “…Sennior Sancio Lopiz…” subscribed two charters for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 1049, and one dated 17 Feb 1050[927].  

f)          [VELASCO López (-after [1034]).  "Senior Blasco Asnari" donated the monastery of San Salvador y San Miguel de Izalzu to Leire monastery by charter dated to [1034], witnessed by "Senior Blasco Lopiz de Guesa et sua mulier dompna Tota…"[928].  This charter is witnessed by eight subscribers, of which only Velasco López is accorded the title “senior”.  The others have no titular or proprietarial qualification (with one exception), which suggests that they may not have belonged to the first tier of Navarrese nobility and so were not ancestors of the later nobles shown in this document.  This appears corroborated by their absence from any other contemporary charters.  The same may be true of Velasco López who is not named in other charters either.  m TODA, daughter of --- (-after [1034]).  "Senior Blasco Asnari" donated the monastery of San Salvador y San Miguel de Izalzu to Leire monastery by charter dated to [1034], witnessed by "Senior Blasco Lopiz de Guesa et sua mulier dompna Tota…"[929].] 

 

47.      LOPE --- ([980/95]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         FORTÚN López (-after [1 Nov] 1048).  It is not certain whether Fortún López Señor en Clavillo was a different person from Fortún López Señor en Tetelia (see above).  Señor en Clavillo.  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Fortunio Lopiz de Ulli dominans Clavilio…"[930].  Assuming that Fortún López Señor en Clavillo was a separate person, it is unlikely that he lived long after the date of this charter as all entries for “Fortún López” from 1056 onwards can be identified with Fortún López Señor en Punicastro (see Part G below). 

b)         [ÍÑIGO López (-after 13 Apr 1042).  This was a different person from Íñigo López Señor en Vizcaya, and later Señor en Nájera, who is named in the same charter together with the architriclinus Íñigo López.  Architriclinus at the royal court.  “…Senior Enneco Lopiz architriclinus…” subscribed two charters of Leire monastery dated 13 Apr 1042 and 1042[931].]  same person as…?  ÍÑIGO López (-after 9 Nov 1056).  As the following references are consecutive with the previous, it is possible that the former architriclinus became señor de Clavillo.  The different references in the charters to Íñigo López do not suggest that there was a third nobleman of this name who lived in Navarre in the mid-11th century.  In any case, the reference to the señorío de Clavillo suggests a close relationship with Fortún López shown above.  “…Senior Enneco Lopiz…” subscribed a charter dated 13 Aug 1043 for Leire monastery[932]Señor en Clavillo.  “…Senior Enneco Lopiz de Clavillo…” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1046 for Santa María la Real de Nájera[933]…Senior Eneco Lopiz de Ulli dominans…” and “…senior Eneco Lopiz de Claviio…” subscribed charters of Albelda dated respectively 1 Nov 1048 and 9 Nov 1056[934].  “…Senior Enneco Lopiz in Aoiz…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 1058[935]

 

48.      LOPE --- ([980/95]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily consistent with the assumed chronology of his son.  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         FORTÚN López (-1087 or before).  It would be chronologically possible for this to have been the same person as Fortún López Señor en Punicastro.  m as her second husband, TODA Aznárez, widow of ÍÑIGO ---, daughter of AZNAR --- & his wife --- (-Jerusalem before 1111).  Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the charter dated 1087 under which “Tota Azenariz” donated the monastery of San Pedro de Etadar to Irache monastery, for the soul of “mariti mei senioris Fertunii Lopiz” and with the consent of “filii mei Lope Enecones et generis mei senioris Mome Momiz et filie mee Tota Eneconis et senioris Lope Lopiz de Arteeta et etiam domini Petri de Ataondo[936].  Her [second] marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1111 of her daughter-in-law “Sancia Scemenones” who donated the monastery of San Pedro de Etadar, previously donated by “socrus mea domna Tota Acenariz…mater domini mei de senior Acenari Fortunionis” who had died in Jerusalem, to Irache monastery[937].  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

i)          AZNAR Fortúnez (-before 1111).  “Sancia Scemenones” donated the monastery of San Pedro de Etadar, previously donated by “socrus mea domna Tota Acenariz…mater domini mei de senior Acenari Fortunionis” who had died in Jerusalem, to Irache monastery by charter dated 1111[938]m SANCHA Jiménez, daughter of --- (-after 1111).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1111 of her daughter-in-law “Sancia Scemenones” who donated the monastery of San Pedro de Etadar, previously donated by “socrus mea domna Tota Acenariz…mater domini mei de senior Acenari Fortunionis” who had died in Jerusalem, to Irache monastery[939]

 

49.      LOPE --- ([985/1000]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN López (-after 1074).  According to Llorente, “Fortún López Señor en Tetelia and Punicastro” was the brother of Íñigo López Señor de Vizcaya but he cites no primary source in support[940].  It appears from the sources cited in this document that Fortún López Señor en Tetelia was a different person from Fortún López Señor en Punicastro.  No indication has been found about the precise identity of the father of either.  Señor en Punicastro.  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Fortunio Lopeiz de Punicastro…[941].  "Stephania regina…cum filio meo rege Santio" returned property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 9 Nov 1056, confirmed by "…senior Furtun Lopiz in Punicastro…"[942].  "Senior Garcia Acenariz" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated to [2 Feb 1054/1063], subscribed by "…Fortun Lopez in Mues et in Exauri…"[943].  “…Senior Fortunio Lopiz dominator Punicastri et Moys…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060, signing second in the first column of subscribers which suggests his seniority at court at the time[944].  “Senior Fortun Lopiz in Punicastro…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Dec [1061], signing first in the list of subscribers which must indicate that he held a position of seniority at court[945].  “Senior Fertunio Lopiç dominator Punicastro…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 7 Feb 1063, signing first in the list of subscribers which suggests his seniority at court at the time[946].  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "Fortunius Lopeç dominans Punicastro…"[947].  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "senior Fortunio Lopiz dominator Punicastro…"[948].  “Senior Furtunio Lopiz, dominator Punicastro…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[949].  “Senior Fertunio Lopiz, dominator Punicastro…”  witnessed the charter dated 15 Jun 1064 under which “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia” donated property to Leire, signing first among the lay subscribers[950].  “…Senior Fortunio Lopiz in Punicastro…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[951].  “…Senior Fortunio Lopiz in Punicastro…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[952]Señor en Unxi: the dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Fortunio Lopiz in Punicastro et Unxi…[953].  “Senior Fortunio Lopiz in Punicastro…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[954].  [Señor en Echauri:  “…Senior Fortun Lopiz in Essauri…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1068[955].  “Senior Fortunio Lopiz in Echauri…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 22 Mar 1069[956].]  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Fortun Lopez in Punicastro…[957].  "Sancius rex" granted the villa of Ezquíroz to "ancilla mea domina Eximina [et] filio meo Raymonde quem habui en te" by charter dated 18 Jul 1071, subscribed by "Fortunio Lopez dominante Punicastro…"[958].  “…Senior Fortun Lopiç in Punicastro…” confirmed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 7 Dec 1071[959].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Senior Furtunio Lopiz in Punicastro…"[960].  [Señor en Santa María.  “…Senior Fortunio Lopiz de Sancta Maria…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[961].]  “…Senior Fertunio Lopeiz, dominator Punicastro…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[962].  “…Senior Fortun Lopeiz dominator Punicastro…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 10 Jun 1073[963].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Furtun Lopiç, Punicastro"[964]m ---.  The name of Fortún's wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [JIMENO Fortúnez (-after Aug 1116).  Señor en Punicastro…Senior Scemeno Fortuniones dominator Punicastro…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[965].  “…Senior Scemeno Fortuniones in Punicastro…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 20 Apr [1088][966].  The dating clause of the charter dated Feb 1096, under which Pedro I King of Aragon donated serfs to San Miguel de Excelsis, records “...senior Eximino in Punicastro...[967]…Senior Scemeno Fortuniones in Punicastro…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1090[968].  “Senior Exemen Fortuniones de Ponicastro et uxor mea dona Tota Fortunionis” donated half the villas of Sorlada and Caos to Irache monastery by charter dated 1098[969].  “…Senior Scemeno Fertuniones dominans Punicastro…” witnessed a charter dated 1099 for Irache monastery[970].  "Fortunius de Etunein" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated [1100], the dating clause naming "…senior Semen Fortuniones in Punicastro…"[971].  "Lope Lopeiz filius senioris Lupi Eneconis de Elcarte" donated "la villa Eguiror" to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1100, the dating clause naming "…senior Eneco Bealeiz in Puzcoa…", witnessed by "senior Semeno Fortuniones de Orquayn, senior Semeno Fortunionis de Vharte…"[972].  "Adefonsus …totius Yspanie Imperator" granted property to "Ariole Acenariç" by charter dated Feb 1111, the dating clause naming "…senior Eximino Fortuniones in Punicastro et in Gallipenço…"[973].  "Adefonsus …imperator" granted property to "Fortunio Garçeç Caxal meo maiordomi" by charter dated Apr 1116, the dating clause naming "…senior Ximino Fertungones in Punicastro…"[974]...Sennor Eximino Fragones de Punicastro...” confirmed the charter dated Aug 1116 under which Alfonso I King of Aragon donated the monastery of San Martín de Soto to Valvanera[975]m firstly TODA Fortúnez, daughter of FORTÚN --- & his wife --- (-1098).  “Senior Exemen Fortuniones de Ponicastro et uxor mea dona Tota Fortunionis” donated half the villas of Sorlada and Cos to Irache monastery by charter dated 1098[976]m secondly ---.  This second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1114 under which “senior Exemen Fortuniones de Punicastro” changed the donation of Sorlanda and Caos which he made with “domna Tota Fortuniones in ora obitus”, clarifying that he married again after her death and that his only daughter by his first wife required her mother´s part of Sorlada on her marriage[977].  Jimeno & his first wife had one child: 

(a)       daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1114 under which “senior Exemen Fortuniones de Punicastro” changed the donation of Sorlanda and Caos which he made with “domna Tota Fortuniones in ora obitus”, clarifying that he married again after her death and that his only daughter by his first wife required her mother´s part of Sorlada on her marriage[978].  Her name and the identity of her husband are not known.  m ([1114]) ---. 

 

50.      LOPE --- ([995/1005-).  His birth date range is estimated from the estimated birth date of his son García.  m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA López ([1025/35]-after 1099).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Lope was 30 years old when first mentioned.  Señor en Estella.  A charter of Pedro I King of Aragon and Navarre for Irache monastery dated Oct 1097 names “…Garcia Lopeç in Stella…” in the dating clause[979].  A charter for Irache monastery dated 1097 names “…Senior Garcia Lopiç in Stella…” in the dating clause[980].  A charter for Irache monastery dated 1098 names “…Senior Garcia Lopiz in Stella…” in the dating clause[981].  “…Senior Garcia Lopeiç dominans Stella…” witnessed a charter dated 1099 for Irache monastery[982]m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had two children: 

i)          LOPE García (-after 31 May 1120).  The common referentes to Estella suggest that Lope García and Fortún García were the sons of García López.  Señor en Estella, Señor en Aiesa.  “Seniore Lope Arceiz de Aiesa et muliere sua dompna Tota Lopiz” agreed property rights with Leire monastery by charter dated 5 Feb 1088[983].  A charter dated 1099 records the settlement of a dispute concerning the donation of “la villa de Aldunate y un palacio en Aibar” to Leire monastery by “senior Exemen Garceiz de Indurein”, challenged thirty years later by “duo fratres senior Lope Garceiz et senior Fortun Garceiz de villa Stelaua et Aiessa” despite the confirmation by “senior Lope Exemenones filius predicti donatoris senioris Exemen Garceiz” after his father´s death[984]Señor in Ayerbe.  King Pedro I granted "in Boleia...kasas de Abin Fahre" to “don Galindo” by charter dated Jan 1103, subscribed by “...Senior Lop Garcez in Aierbe...[985].  The dating clause of a charter dated Mar 1117, under which King Alfonso I granted "illa pardina de Anniessia" to “Lope Garcez Peregrino”, records “...Senior Lop Lopiz in Calahorra, Senior Acenar Acenariz in Funes, Senior Enneco Ximenons in Tafalla et Exeia, Senior Enneco Galindez in Sos et Abiego, Senior Lop Garcez in Stella et Aibare, Kastange in Biele, Per Petit in Loarre et in Boleia, Senior Lop Garcez Peregrino in Super Zaragoza, Santio Iohannes in Oscha et Alkezar, Fortun Iohannes in Tamareto, Tizon in Monson[986].  The testament of "senior Lope Garcez et domna Maria uxor eius", dated 31 May 1120, chooses burial at “Sancto Iohanne de Pinna” makes religious bequests and refers to “suo filio maiore...suos filios” [unnamed][987]. "Senior Lope Garceç de Stella, Sançio Lopiç iustitia, Gaçco maiordomo..." witnessed the charter dated Nov 1122 under which King Alfonso I donated “in uilla Caçena” to the monastery of Montearagón[988]m firstly TOTA López, daughter of --- (-after 5 Feb 1088).  “Seniore Lope Arceiz de Aiesa et muliere sua dompna Tota Lopiz” agreed property rights with Leire monastery by charter dated 5 Feb 1088[989]m secondly MARÍA, daughter of --- (-after 31 May 1120).  The testament of "senior Lope Garcez et domna Maria uxor eius", dated 31 May 1120, chooses burial at “Sancto Iohanne de Pinna”, makes religious bequests and refers to “suo filio maiore...suos filios” [unnamed][990].  Lope & his wife had children: 

(a)       sons .  The testament of "senior Lope Garcez et domna Maria uxor eius", dated 31 May 1120, chooses burial at “Sancto Iohanne de Pinna”, makes religious bequests and refers to “suo filio maiore...suos filios” [unnamed][991]

ii)         FORTÚN García (-after 1099).  The common referentes to Estella suggest that Lope García and Fortún García were the sons of García López.  Señor en Estella, Señor en Aiesa.  A charter dated 1099 records the settlement of a dispute concerning the donation of “la villa de Aldunate y un palacio en Aibar” to Leire monastery by “senior Exemen Garceiz de Indurein”, challenged thirty years later by “duo fratres senior Lope Garceiz et senior Fortun Garceiz de villa Stelaua et Aiessa” despite the confirmation by “senior Lope Exemenones filius predicti donatoris senioris Exemen Garceiz” after his father´s death[992]

 

51.      MUNIO --- .  m ---.  The name of Munio´s wife is not known.  Munio & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         DIEGO Muñoz (-after 31 May 1045).  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042], subscribed by “sennor Sancio Fortuniones, sennor Azenari Garceiz, sennor Alvaro Fortuniones, sennor Lope Flaginez, sennor Fortun Ennecoz[993]m ELO, daughter of --- (-after 31 May 1045).  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042][994]

b)         [GONZALO] Muñoz .  It is not certain whether the father or mother of the following two children was the sibling of Diego Muñoz.  m ---.  Two children: 

i)          DIEGO González (-after 31 May 1045).  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042][995]

ii)         SANCHO González (-after 31 May 1045).  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042][996]m MUNIADOMNA, daughter of --- (-after 31 May 1045).  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042][997]

c)         [JIMENO Muñoz (-after 1049).  No indication has been found that Jimeno Muñoz was the brother of Diego Muñoz except for the common patronymic and the favourable chronology.  "Semeno Munnioz" adopted "senior Sancio Furtuniones et sua uxor domna Sancia" by charter dated 1049 and granted them his land “en Cerratón[998].] 

 

52.      MUNIOm --- Ochoa, daughter of OCHOA & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Munio & his wife had two children: 

a)         LOPE Munioz (-after 1010).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Conde de Vizcaya.  

b)         GONZALO Munioz (-after 1010).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Conde de Álava

 

53.      MUNIO --- .  m ---.  The name of Munio´s wife is not known.  Munio & his wife had two children: 

a)         --- Muñoz (-after 21 Oct 1048).  “Salvator monacus Sancti Emiliani, ortus ex vico Canne…[et] Totadona uxor huius domni Salvatoris” donated property “en Cañas” to San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 21 Oct 1048 which names “Sancio Munnioz meo germano[999]m TOTADOMNA, daughter of --- (-after 21 Oct 1048).  “Salvator monacus Sancti Emiliani, ortus ex vico Canne…[et] Totadona uxor huius domni Salvatoris” donated property “en Cañas” to San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 21 Oct 1048[1000]

b)         SANCHO Muñoz (-after 21 Oct 1048).  “Salvator monacus Sancti Emiliani, ortus ex vico Canne…[et] Totadona uxor huius domni Salvatoris” donated property “en Cañas” to San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 21 Oct 1048 which names “Sancio Munnioz meo germano[1001]

 

54.      MUNIO --- ([1010/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Lope was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Munio´s wife is not known.  Munio & his wife had one child: 

a)         LOPE Muñoz (-after 3 Jul 1072).  Botellarius at the royal court: “…Botecarius regis Lope Munieiz…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[1002].  “…Senior Lope Momeiz botellarius…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[1003].  “…Senior Lope Mumiz, botecarius regus…” witnessed a charter for Irache dated 1070[1004].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Lope Momez botillero…[1005].  “…botellarius, senior Lop Momeç…” confirmed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 7 Dec 1071[1006].  “…Senior Lope, botelgarius regis…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 17 Apr 1072[1007].  “…Senior Lope Momiz uotecarius regis…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 6 Aug 1072[1008]Señor en Tobia.  “…Senior Lope Momiz, boteilarius, in Tobia…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[1009]

 

55.      [OCHOA] [LOPE] --- .  It is possible that this is the same person as Ochoa Fortúnez who is named in 938 (see Part D. above).  If this is correct, there is all the more reason for there being two persons named Fortun Ochoa in the first half of the 11th century, as discussed more fully below.  The etymology of the name Ochoa deserves investigation.  In modern Basque, the word otso means wolf (lobo in castellano Spanish)[1010].  The question then arises whether Ochoa, and its spelling variations, is in fact the same name as Lope.  Another possibility is that it was a nickname, attributed to Fortún Ochoa, and not a patronymic.  However, if this is correct, it would be the only example of such a case so far identified in the 9th to 11th century primary sources which deal with Navarre.  m ---.  The name of Ochoa/Lope´s wife is not known.  Ochoa/Lope & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Ochoa (-[after 6 Aug 1025]).  [Señor en Viguera"Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…sennor Furtun Ozoiz dominans Vicarie…"[1011].  No other entry for Fortún Ochoa Señor en Viguera has been identified before 1044.  A thirty year gap between the entries seems too long for them to refer to the same person (the other reasons for supposing that there were two different persons named Fortún Ochoa are discussed more fully under the second Fortún Ochoa, see below).]  “Duenno Nunno Alvaro de Castella et sennor Furtun Oggoiz de Pampilona” witnessed and confirmed a charter dated 1016 under which “Sancio comite et Sancio regis Pampilonensem” defined the territorial boundaries between the kingdom of Navarre and the county of Castile[1012].  They were the only witnesses to this charter, which implies that they acted as authorised representatives of each party in the negotiation and signing of the agreement.  This suggests that each of them enjoyed a position of relative seniority and trust in the nobility of their respective territories.  Señor en Meldria.  “…Senior Fortunio Oxoiz dominador Meldria…” subscribed three charters of Leire dated 21 Oct 1015 (two) and 1024[1013].  In addition, “…senior Fertunio Ossuaç…” subscribed a charter for Leire dated 21 Oct 1022 without any territorial epithet[1014], and “…senior Fortun Oggobiz…” subscribed a charter dated 6 Aug 1025 for San Millán de la Cogolla[1015].  It is assumed that these documents all refer to the same person, although this is not beyond all doubt. 

 

56.      [OCHOA] [LOPE] --- .  It is possible that this is the same person as Ochoa Sánchez who is named in [981] (see Part E. above).  If this is correct, there is all the more reason for there being two persons named Fortun Ochoa in the first half of the 11th century, as discussed more fully below.  See above, for discussion about the etymology of the name "Ochoa".  m ---.  The name of Ochoa/Lope´s wife is not known.  Ochoa/Lope & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         FORTÚN Ochoa (-[1050/57], bur San Miguel de Arendo).  Three different points suggest that there were two different persons named Fortún Ochoa who lived between 1013 and [1050/57].  Firstly, if all the entries quoted in this document referred to the same person, his adult career would have exceeded forty years, which seems too long.  Secondly, the entries link three different señoríos to “Fortún Ochoa” during this period.  This suggests that more than one person was involved, although it is true that none of the entries which name different territories overlaps in time which could indicate that the same person changed señoríos over the course of the period.  Thirdly, and this appears to be the strongest point, the supposed younger Fortún Ochoa is recorded married to a wife who could not have been born before [1020] at the very earliest and is recorded as having had five children by her.  If this Fortún Ochoa was the same person who is named in 1013, there would have been an age difference exceeding thirty years between him and his wife, which seems excessive for the time.  Assuming it is correct that there were two persons of the same name, the awarding of the señorío de Viguera to both suggests a close family relationship.  It is possible that the older Fortún Ochoa was the uncle of the younger, although the information so far available is insufficient to assess whether the older may have been the paternal or maternal uncle of the younger.  If there were two different persons with the same name, the information available is insufficient to judge the precise date when references to one give way to references to the other.  In this document, the cut-off has been assumed to be 1030, the date of the first reference to the señorío de Cantabria linked to Fortún Ochoa.  Señor en Cantabria.  "…Senior Fortun Ossoyç dominator Cantabrie…" subscribed a charter dated 22 Dec [1030] for the church of Pamplona[1016].  "Sancio rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 13 Apr 1030, confirmed by "…sennor Furtun Oggoitz…"[1017].  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium atque Aragonensium seu Leonensium" restored property to the church of Pamplona by charter dated 1007, redated to [1032], witnessed by "…senior Fortuino Ossoyç dominus Cantabrie…"[1018].  "Rex domnus Sancius" resettled Villanova de Pampaneto by charter dated 1032, witnessed by "…senior Fortuni Uxuar"[1019].  “…Fortunio Uxuax dominator Cantabriensis…” and “…senior Fortunio Osxoa de Kantabria…” subscribed charters for Leire dated 26 Dec 1032 and 13 Apr 1042 (two)[1020].  "Garsea…rex…cum mulier mea Stephania regina" confirmed the resettlement of Villanova de Pampaneto by charter dated 1 Jan 1044, witnessed by "…senior Furtuni Uxoaz Cantabriensis…"[1021]Señor en Viguera.  “…Senior Fortum Oxoa de Begera…” subscribed the charter dated 2 Nov 1044 for the monastery of Santa María la Real de Nájera[1022].  “…Senior Fortum Oxoiz dominator Bicaria…” subscribed the charter dated 18 Nov 1047 for the monastery of Leire[1023].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Fortuni Uxoa dominas Veccaria…"[1024].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Fortun Oxoriz dominator Vicaria…"[1025].  In addition, “…sennor Fortun Uxoiz…” (and other similar name variations) subscribed charters for San Millán de la Cogolla dated 31 Oct 1045, 1046, 1049 (two), 17 Feb 1050 and 8 Nov 1050[1026].  A charter of Albelda dated [1082] in the compilation refers back to the reign of García V King of Navarre and “dominator Vikera senior Fortunio Ogoiz” but the precise dating of the reference is not possible from the text of the document[1027].  The transition from Señor en Cantabria to Señor en Viguera in mid-1044 suggests that all these entries refer to the same person.  The marriage of Fortún Ochoa with the king´s daughter suggests that he was a person of considerable importance at the Navarrese court in the 1030s and 1040s.  m ([1035/45], certainly before [1049]) MENCIA García, illegitimate daughter of GARCÍA V King of Navarre & his mistress --- ([1020/30]-[1073]).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1049] under which King García granted property in “Nalda, Leza y Jubera” to “seniori Fortun Ochoaz fideli meo” and to “filiis tuis atque filiabus quos genuit uxor tua ex te, dompna Mencia filia mea[1028].  This marriage can probably be dated to after the accession of García V King of Navarre who presumably considered that a marriage with his daughter would confirm the support of Fortún Ochoa.  Doña Mencia infanta, hija del rey don Garcia” donated “mis palacios…en la villa de Leza” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated to [1057], witnessed by “todos mis hijos: don Aznar Fortunez, don Iñigo, don Sancho, don Lope, don Ximeno[1029]Fortún & his wife had five children: 

i)          AZNAR Fortúnez ([1035/45]-after [1057]).  Doña Mencia infanta, hija del rey don Garcia” donated “mis palacios…en la villa de Leza” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated to [1057], witnessed by “todos mis hijos: don Aznar Fortunez, don Iñigo, don Sancho, don Lope, don Ximeno[1030]According to García Turza, Aznar son of Fortún Ochoa inherited el señorío de Cantabria from his father, but he does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1031]

ii)         ÍÑIGO Fortúnez ([1035/45]-after [1057]).  “Doña Mencia infanta, hija del rey don Garcia” donated “mis palacios…en la villa de Leza” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated to [1057], witnessed by “todos mis hijos: don Aznar Fortunez, don Iñigo, don Sancho, don Lope, don Ximeno[1032].  According to García Turza, Íñigo son of Fortún Ochoa inherited el señorío de Arnedo from his father, but he does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1033].  However, it is not certain that this is correct as "…Senior Enneco Fortuniones dominator Arneto…" subscribed two charters for Leire monastery dated 23 Apr 1044 and 18 Nov 1047[1034], which was before the death of Fortún Ochoa and when his son Íñigo would have been an adolescent at most assuming that his birth date is correctly estimated as shown above.  Íñigo Fortúnez Señor en Arneto is shown separately in this document. 

iii)        SANCHO Fortúnez ([1035/45]-after [1057]).  “Doña Mencia infanta, hija del rey don Garcia” donated “mis palacios…en la villa de Leza” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated to [1057], witnessed by “todos mis hijos: don Aznar Fortunez, don Iñigo, don Sancho, don Lope, don Ximeno[1035].  According to García Turza, Sancho son of Fortún Ochoa inherited el señorío de Huarte from his father, but he does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1036].  No other reference to “Sancho Fortúnez Señor en Huarte” has yet been identified during the compilation of the present document. 

iv)       LOPE Fortúnez ([1035/45]-after [1057]).  “Doña Mencia infanta, hija del rey don Garcia” donated “mis palacios…en la villa de Leza” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated to [1057], witnessed by “todos mis hijos: don Aznar Fortunez, don Iñigo, don Sancho, don Lope, don Ximeno[1037].  According to García Turza, Lope son of Fortún Ochoa inherited el señorío de Calahorra from his father, but he does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1038].  However, it is not certain that this is correct as “…Senior Lope Furtuniones de Calagurra…” subscribed a charter dated 4 Jun [1055] for Leire monastery[1039], which may have been before the death of Fortún Ochoa and when his son Lope would have been a young adult at most assuming that his birth date is correctly estimated as shown above.  In addition, the primary sources suggest that Lope Fortúnez Señor en Calahorra inherited his señorío from his brother Sancho, who is recorded in the same señorío at a time when the son of Fortún Ochoa of this name would certainly have been too young to have held it.  Lope Fortúnez Señor en Calahorra is shown separately in this document. 

v)        JIMENO Fortúnez ([1035/45]-after 1 May 1064).  “Doña Mencia infanta, hija del rey don Garcia” donated “mis palacios…en la villa de Leza” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated to [1057], witnessed by “todos mis hijos: don Aznar Fortunez, don Iñigo, don Sancho, don Lope, don Ximeno[1040].  According to García Turza, Jimeno son of Fortún Ochoa inherited el señorío de los Cameros y Viguera from his father, but he does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1041].  It is not certain that this is correct.  Jimeno Fortúnez Señor de los Cameros was closely associated in primary source documentation with Íñigo Fortúnez Señor en Arneto.  It is suspected that the two were brothers.  However, as shown above, the chronology is not ideal for Íñigo Fortúnez to have been the son of Fortún Ochoa.  Jimeno Fortúnez Señor de los Cameros is shown separately in this document.  Sancho IV King of Navarre confirmed to “Eximino Fortunionis” the donations in “Rio Leza” by “mi hermana doña Mencia” to the monastery of San Prudencio by charter dated 1 May 1064, subscribed by “…señor Fortun Lopez de Puñicastro, senior Sancho Fortunez, dominando a [Degro], senior Ximeno Garces en Tafalla, senior Ximeno Fortunez de Meltria, senior Fortun Aznarez en Funes, senior Fortun Sanchez en Falces, Fortun Ximenez en Alberit, Fortun Velazquez en Clavijo, Fortun Garceiz en Peralta, senior Lope Fortunez en Huarte, senior Fortun Sanchez en Alesves, senior [Domno] de Marcela, senior Orvita Aznarez, senior Fortun Aznarez, senior Garcia Sanchez, senior Lope Sanchez, senior Iñigo Sanchez armigerio del rey, senior Iñigo Sanchez mayordomo del rey, senior Fortun Sanchez cavallerizo, senior Lope Muñoz botiller[1042]

b)         LOPE Ochoa (-after [1032]).  There is no proof that Lope Ochoa was the brother of Fortún Ochoa.  However, the patronymic is unusual and the chronology is favourable.  Señor en Ochoa.  “…Senior Lope Ossauarriç de Assa…” subscribed a charter dated 22 Dec [1030][1043].  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of Elocuáin to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "…senior Lope Ossanarriz de Assa…"[1044].  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium atque Aragonensium seu Leonensium" restored property to the church of Pamplona by charter dated 1007, redated to [1032], witnessed by "…senior Lope Xanariç de Ussun"[1045][“…Senior Lope Aznarez de Ocon…” subscribed a charter dated 2 Nov 1044 for Santa María la Real de Nájera[1046]It is possible that this document is mistranscribed and that the reference should be corrected to Lope Ochoa de Ochoa.]  

c)         JIMENO Ochoa (-after 1024).  There is no proof that Jimeno Ochoa was the brother of Fortún Ochoa.  However, the patronymic is unusual and the chronology is favourable.  Señor en Lizarrara.  “Semeno Ogoaiz mandante Lizarrara” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 1024 under which “Senior Sancius Galindonez et soror mea Andregoto Galindones” donated property “in Lizarrara[1047]Jaurgain states that "Semen-Ochoaniz seigneur de Lizarrara…frère de Fortun-Ochoaniz seigneur de los Cameros, de Viguera, du val d´Arnedo et des villes de la Cantabrie" was created vizconde de Baztan, and that "vers 1080 Maria-Semeniz de Baztan, arrière petite-fille de Semen Ochoaniz" married "Fortun-Eneco seigneur de Calahorra et de los Cameros…arrière petit-fils de Fortun-Ochoaniz"[1048]

 

57.      ORTI --- ([965/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Orti´s wife is not known.  Orti & his wife had one child: 

a)         GARCÍA Ortiz (-after [1030]).  Señor en Leguín"Sancius…rex…cum coniuge mea regina domina Maiora" donated the monastery of San Sebastian to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 17 Apr 1014, redated to [1030], subscribed by "…senior Garcia Ortiz dominator Leguin…"[1049]m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  García & his wife had [one] child: 

i)          [ORTI García (-after [1061]).  The name and patronymic suggest that Orti García was the son of García Ortiz.  “…Senior Orti Garçeaç” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated [1061][1050].]  m ---.  The name of Orti´s wife is not known.  Orti & his wife had [three] children: 

(a)       ORTI Ortiz (-after 13 Aug 1043).  Fertorarius at the royal court: “…Senior Fortuni Eximinones et senior Orti Ortiz infertares…” subscribed a charter for Leire dated 13 Aug 1043[1051]

(b)       MANCIA Ortiz (-after 1 Jan 1071).  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071[1052]

(c)       FORTÚN Ortiz (-after Dec 1099).  "Senior Forti Hortiz” is named in the dating clause of a charter for the monastery of San Andrés de Fanlo dated 4 Dec 1097[1053]Señor en Monte Roio.  “…Senior Forti Hortiz in Monte Roio…” witnessed a charter dated Dec 1099 for Pamplona[1054].  "Senior Fortun Ortiz in Petraselz” is named in the dating clause of a charter for the monastery of San Andrés de Fanlo dated Oct 1103[1055]

 

58.      PASQUALE (-after 7 Feb 1063).  Señor en Areso.  “…Senior domno Pasquale dominator Aresa” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 7 Feb 1063[1056]

 

59.      SANCHO --- ([940/50]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-after May 1036).  Señor en Caparroso"Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…sennor Fortun Sanchiz dominans Caparroso…"[1057].  “…Senior Fortun Sanç dominator Caparroso…” subscribed a charter dated 1030 for Pamplona Cathedral[1058].  "Sancius…rex…cum coniuge mea regina domina Maiora" donated the monastery of San Sebastian to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 17 Apr 1014, redated to [1030], subscribed by "…senior Fortun Sanz dominator Caparroso"[1059].  "Sanctius…rex" restored property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "…senior Fortunio Sanz de Caparroso…"[1060].  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium atque Aragonensium seu Leonensium" restored property to the church of Pamplona by charter dated 1007, redated to [1032], witnessed by "…senior Fortun Sanz dominator Caparros…"[1061].  “…Furtinius Sancii dominator Caparroso…” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1032 for Leire monastery[1062].  "Sancius rex" sold "villa de Adoáin" to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1033, in the presence of "…milites Pampilonensis…senior Fortunio Sanz colleganeus regi et alius Fortunius Sanz de Caparross…"[1063]Senior Fortun Sangez dux Petra alta, senior Fortun Sangez de Caparoso...” witnessed the charter dated May 1036 under which García V King of Navarre granted “ereditatem in villa...Unsi...Muru” to “Oriel Gerzez[1064]

 

60.      SANCHO --- ([940/50]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-[after 29 Sep 1023]).  He was a different person from Fortún Sánchez Señor en Echauri as both of them subscribed the Leire charter dated 21 Oct 1015.  Señor en Arlas.  “…Senior Fertunio Sanç dominator de Arlas…” subscribed two charters for Leire monastery dated 21 Oct 1015[1065].  Two different persons named “…Senior Fortunio Sanç…” subscribed a charter for Leire monastery dated 29 Sep 1023[1066], probably identified with the señor de Arlas and the señor de Echauri. 

 

61.      SANCHO --- ([970/85]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Ramiro was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         RAMIRO Sánchez (-after 9 Nov 1056).  “…Senior Ranimiro Sanz…” subscribed a charter dated 1042 for Leire monastery[1067].  “…Senior Remiri Sancii…” subscribed a charter dated 2 Nov 1044 for Santa María la Real de Nájera[1068].  "Garsea rex et…Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 29 May 1053, confirmed by "…senior Ranimiri Sanchiz"[1069]Señor en Marañón.  "Stephania regina…cum filio meo rege Santio" returned property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 9 Nov 1056, confirmed by "…senior Ranimiro Sangiz in Maraione…"[1070]

 

62.      SANCHO --- ([955/70]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 1033).  He was a different person from Fortún Sánchez Señor en Arlas as both of them subscribed the Leire charter dated 21 Oct 1015.  Señor en Echauri.  “…Senior Fertunio Sanç dominator Echuari…” subscribed two charters for Leire monastery dated 21 Oct 1015[1071].  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium" granted rights to the people of Abárzuza by charter dated 1018, witnessed by "…senior Fortunio Sanctionis de Echauri colactaneus prefati regis…"[1072].  "Sancius…rex" recommended the rule of St Benedict to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 21 Oct 1022, witnessed by "…senior Fertunio Sanç…"[1073].  Two different persons named “…Senior Fortunio Sanç…” subscribed a charter for Leire monastery dated 29 Sep 1023[1074], probably identified with the señor de Arlas and the señor de Echauri.  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of Elocuáin to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "…senior Fortun Sanctionis de Esauri…"[1075].  "Rex domnus Sancius" resettled Villanova de Pampaneto by charter dated 1032, witnessed by "…senior Fortun Sangiz, alio Fortun Sangiz, senior Fortuni Uxuar"[1076]

 

63.      SANCHO --- ([965/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 1031).  "Sancius…rex" recommended privileges to Santa María de Pamplona and San Salvador de Leirz by charter dated 29 Sep 1023, witnessed by "senior Fortunio Sanz…senior Fortunio Sanz…"[1077]Señor en Unciti.  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Munnia domna" donated property to the monastery of Albelda by charter dated 17 Dec 1024, confirmed by "…senior Fortun Sanz d'Unzi…"[1078].  "Sanctius…rex" restored property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "senior Fortunyo Sanç de Unciti…"[1079]

 

64.      SANCHO Macerátez (-[26 Dec 1046/1075]).  “…Sennior Sancio Meziratiz…” subscribed two charters for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla dated 1 Jun 1043 and 9 Apr 1045[1080]Señor en Álava.  “Senior Sancio Maceratiz de Alava” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1046 for Santa María la Réal de Nájera[1081]Señor en Oca.  “…Senior Sancio Maceratiz dominator de Auca…” subscribed a charter dated 18 Nov 1047 of Leire monastery[1082][m firstly ---.  No direct proof of this supposed first marriage of Sancho Macerátez has been found.  However, Sancho´s son Fortún was not named in the 1075 charter of Sancho´s wife Andregoto, even though he was alive at that date and her five known children are named in the document, which suggests that he may have been born from an earlier marriage of his father.]  m [secondly] [as her first husband,] ANDREGOTO, daughter of --- & his wife --- (-after 1075).  Her [first] marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1104/09] under which her daughter “dompna Sancia soror dompni Sancii comitis de Pampilona” donated her “heredad…en Obanos” to Irache monastery naming “genetricis mee dompne Andregote[1083].  Her origin is suggested by the charter dated 1075 under which "domna Endrigoto" donated the monastery of San Salvador de Bernués in Aragon and “in villa Leres iuxta Pardinilla illa racione de senior Sancio Alvarez” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "ex avuncula mea regina domna Endrigoto", by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita” and witnessed by “sennor Sancio Galindoz in Atares, sennor Lope Garceiz in Uncastello et in Ruesta[1084].  Her possible second marriage is suggested by the reference to “senior Sancio Alvarez” in this 1075 charter.  He must have had a close connection to Andregoto to explain why she was donating his portion of property to the monastery.  The donation also suggests that he had died before the date of the charter, and maybe that Andregoto had inherited the property from him.  Another clue to his identity is provided by the charter dated 1106 under which Andregoto´s daughter "dompna Sancia filia Sancii Meceratez" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla for the soul of “Sancionis Albaronis mei primi congermani[1085].  It is difficult to interpret the meaning of “primi congermani”.  It implies that Sancha and Sancho Álvarez were raised together “as siblings”.  “Primus” suggests that Sancho was the first among others with whom Sancha had a similar position.  One possibility would be that Andregoto married again after the death of Sancho Macerátez and that Sancho Álvarez was the son of her second husband by an earlier marriage.  The more likely possibility is that “primi congermani” should be interpreted as meaning first cousin (either on the paternal or maternal side of the family), in line with “primo” meaning cousin in modern Castilian Spanish, in which case this proposed second marriage would not have taken place.  If this reasoning is correct, Andregoto married secondly, as his second wife, Álvaro ---.  The more likely possibility is that “primi congermani” should be interpreted as meaning first cousin (either on the paternal or maternal side of the family), in line with “primo” meaning cousin in modern Castilian Spanish, in which case this proposed second marriage would not have taken place.  Sancho & his [first] wife had [one] child: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-[10 Aug 1091/1100]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1080 subscribed by “…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Huart, frater eius Sancio Sanz in Erro…” under which “Domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[1086], read together with the charters which confirm that Sancho Sánchez de Erro was the son of Sancho Macerátez (see below).  These documents do not confirm that Fortún was the son of Sancho Macerátez´s wife Andregoto: his absence from Andregoto´s charter dated 1075 (when Fortún was living) suggests that he may not have been her child but born from a previous marriage of her husband´s.  Señor en Huarte.  "S[enior] Fertung in Huarte, S[enior] Lop Garcez in Unocastello et in Arrosta, S[enior] Ramon Galindo in Stata, S[enior] Petro Sanz in Boltania et in Mercorlo, S[enior] Acenar Xemenez in Gallipienz, S[enior] Sancio Fredelando in Atares, S[enior] Galin Sanz in Sos et in Argedas, S[enior] Enneg Sanz in Montecluso, S[enior] Exemen Garzez in Boil, S[enior] Fertung Sanz in Bail et in Eliso" subscribed the charter dated 20 Mar 1076 under which Sancho I King of Aragon confirmed the privileges of Sobrarbe San Victorián[1087].  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Huarte…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated to [1069/70][1088].  "S[enior] Sang Galinz tenente Boltania, S[enior] Fertunio Blasco cum suo fratre Galin Blasco, S[enior] Ennecho Lobez tenente Boil, S[enior] Guillermus Servus Dei tenente Toleto" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1072 under which Sancho I King of Aragon donated "castrum et villam de Gradibus" [Graus] to Sobrarbe San Victorián[1089].  “…Senior Fertunio Sansoiz, dominator Uharte…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[1090].  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Huart, frater eius Sancio Sanz in Erro…” is named in the charter dated 1080 under which “Domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[1091].  “…Senior Fortun Sanchoiz in Uharte…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1080[1092]Señor en Petralta.  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Vart et in Petralda…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) for Leire dated 1084[1093].  “…Senior Fertunio Sansoiz dominator Petra Alta…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[1094].  "Sancius rex Pampilonensium et Aragonensium…cum filio meo Petro" confirmed the rights of the bishop of Pamplona to the town of Pamplona by charter dated 28 Oct [1087], witnessed by "…senior Fortun Sanz de Uhart…"[1095].  "Sancius Ranimiri regis filius…Aragonensium et Pampilonensium seu Montisonis rex…cum filio meo Petro" donated the church of Casteller de Zaragoza to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 10 Aug 1091, witnessed by "…Fortunii Sancii de Vart…"[1096]m SANCHA ---, daughter of --- (-after 1100).  “Dompna Sancia de Vart” donated property “el castro de Argueda”, granted by Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) to “viro meo Fortun Sanz”, to Leire Monastery for the souls of “dicti coniugis mei et filii nostri Garsie” by charter dated 1100[1097].  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

i)          GARCÍA Fortúnez (-[before 1100]).  “Dompna Sancia de Vart” donated property “el castro de Argueda”, granted by Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) to “viro meo Fortun Sanz”, to Leire Monastery for the souls of “dicti coniugis mei et filii nostri Garsie” by charter dated 1100[1098].  The wording of this charter suggests, and his absence from the list of subscribers appears to confirm, that García had died before the date of the document. 

Sancho & his [second] wife had [five] children: 

b)         SANCHO Sánchez (-after [1127]).  "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita[1099]

-        see below

c)         ANDREGOTO Sánchez (-after 1075).  "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita[1100]

d)         SANCHA Sánchez (-[1110]).  "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita[1101].  "Dompna Sancia filia Sancii Meceratez" donated property “hereditatem…meam propriam turrem in Naiera…casas quas comparavi de dompno Sancio Scrivano…meos propios palacios in Villa Mezquina” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of “Sancionis Albaronis mei primi congermani”, by charter dated 1106, witnessed by “comite Garsia, senior Lope Gundisalvez, senior Lope Lopez…senior Garsea Garceiz, senior Garsea Fortunionis[1102].  “Dompna Sancia soror dompni Sancii comitis de Pampilona” donated her “heredad…en Obanos” to Irache monastery by charter dated to [1104/09] which names “genetricis mee dompne Andregote[1103].  "Comite Sancio" confirmed the donation of property “in Naiera et in villa Mezquina” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by "mea germana domna Sancia" by charter dated 1110[1104].  "Comes Santius [de Erro]" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona for the soul of "patris et matris mee et sororis Sancie" by charter dated to [1127][1105]. 

e)         [JIMENA [Sánchez] (-after 1075).  "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita[1106].  If the hypothesis about Andregoto´s second marriage is correct, the two youngest daughters mentioned could have been her children by her second husband, in which case their patronymic would have been Álvarez.] 

f)          [VELASQUITA [Sánchez] (-after 1075).  "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita[1107].  If the hypothesis about Andregoto´s second marriage is correct, the two youngest daughters mentioned could have been her children by her second husband, in which case their patronymic would have been Álvarez.] 

 

 

SANCHO Sánchez, son of SANCHO Macerátez & his [second] wife Andregoto --- (-after [1127]).  "Domna Endrigoto" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by “filio meo senior Sancho Sanchiz, filias meas domna Endrigoto, domna Sancia, domna Scemena, domna Blaschita[1108].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1110 under which "Comite Sancio" confirmed the donation of property “in Naiera et in villa Mezquina” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by "mea germana domna Sancia"[1109], read together with the charter dated 1106 under which "dompna Sancia filia Sancii Meceratez" donated property “hereditatem…meam propriam turrem in Naiera…meos propios palacios in Villa Mezquina” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[1110], which relate to the same property.  [Boticarius at the royal court: “…Senior Sanso Sansoiz, botecarius regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1078[1111].  “…Senior Sanso Sansoiz, uotecarius regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1087[1112].]  Señor en Erro, Señor en Tafalla…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Huart, frater eius Sancio Sanz in Erro…”  subscribed the charter dated 1080 under which “Domna Mancia Fortunionis” donated property to the monastery of Leire[1113].  He fought with Sancho King of Aragon and al-Hayab Emir of Denia against Rodrigo Díaz "el Cid" in 1084 but was taken prisoner[1114].  "Sancius comes de Erro" was the first witness to the charter dated 28 Oct [1087] under which "Sancius rex Pampilonensium et Aragonensium…cum filio meo Petro" confirmed the rights of the bishop of Pamplona to the town of Pamplona[1115].  A charter dated Sep 1091, under which "Sancius…Aragonensium rex" granted property, names "…alius comes Sancio Sangiz in Erro et in Falzes…" in the dating clause[1116]CondeSeñor en San Estebán.  “…Comes Sancius dominator in Sancto Stephano…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1090[1117]Señor en Falces.  “…Comes Sancio Sanchiz in Falces et Tafalla…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 18 Jan 1093[1118]"Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property "Erroz Galarre, Esparza cum Sancti Petri et Aranzola, Taissonare, Arainassu, Lizuing, Loizu, Santakara, Beorlegui" to "meam mulierem comitissa Albira filia de comite Garcea", to "Gil filio meo dedit sua madre in sua vita Galarre et Esparza cum Sancti Petri et Aranzola sine germanos et germanas et illas salinas de Gueze" as well as "toto illo meo de Nagera et toto illo que fuit de mea germana dona Sancia et de Tricio et Arroniz e Arguedaset Exeia, Oxaiuem et Redin, Erro cum…in Guerendiain e in Aescoa et Cirlatota", to "mea filia Maria…Tafaila, Eneriz, Erroz et…in Estelaet Urbizu et…in Alava…et super isto partent inter germano et germana illo que remanet de illas arras", to "Remir meo filio…Orzaiz de Bastan Arrazua, Zuarbe, Lapasti, Zunzarren, Acien, Candiden, Sansomang, Pennela, Arguiro. Et si non habuerit filio vel filio deparella, tornet a Gil me filio Orziaz", to "Ferrando meo filio…Arbonies et illos mesquinos de Auzuin", to "mea filia Andregoto…toto que fuit de don Eneco in Liaxe, Bazostan et illo orto de Uarte", to "mea filia Sancia de Aizuin…Iranzu circa de Gorriz et Derendiein…", to "mea filia Sanza d´Estaldun Verazunet Ovanos", to "illo filio de Fortun Sangiz de Bazostan meo filio…illos mesquinos de Unzue", to "filios de Garcea Sangiz meo filio…Avinzano et Iure", to "Ferrando de Estaldum…in Saguix", adding "istas filias meas de baracana is exierent malas tornet se ista hereditate ad meos filios de legitima", by charter dated to [1091-1111], witnessed by "Lope Semenones de Torella, senior Semen Garzeiz de Lumberri, senior Garzea Sangiz de Oriz, senior Fortun Lopez de Barbatan, senior Lop Arcez de Quetatar, senior Eneco Sangiz de Zaraz, Garcea Lopez de Arlagui"[1119]A charter of Pedro I King of Aragon and Navarre for Irache monastery dated Oct 1097 names “…comite don Sango in Erro et in Tafalga…” in the dating clause[1120].  "Domina Sancia de Huarte" donated property to the church of Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated [1100] "regnante…comes Santius in Erro et in Tafalia, senior Semeno Fortuniones in Huarte, senior Eneco Beylaz in Echauri"[1121].  "Urraca…tocius Ispanie regina" confirmed rights of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated Aug 1110, confirmed by "…Sancius comes Pampilonensis…"[1122].  "Comite Sancio" confirmed the donation to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by "mea germana domna Sancia" by charter dated 1110[1123].  "Comes Santius [de Erro]" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona for the soul of "patris et matris mee et sororis Sancie" by charter dated to [1127] which confirms that he had no male child by his wife but names "filiorum meorum aliquis…vel Egidius vel Raimirus vel Didaco Lopeys" and "Egidius filius meus cum sorore sua"[1124]

[m [firstly] URRACA Ordóñez, daughter of [ORDOÑO Ordóñez & his wife Anderquina ---].  Europäische Stammtafeln[1125] shows her as the wife of Sáncho Sánchez but as the same source incorrectly shows his parentage, it is possible that this is also a mistake.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.] 

m [secondly] ---.  The name of Sancho´s [second] wife is not known.  The fact of this [second] marriage is indicated by the charter dated to [1091-1111] under which Sancho donated property to his children, which names his son Gil first in the list (suggesting that he was the oldest child and presumably legitimate), read together with the charter dated to [1127] which indicates that Sancho had no male children by his wife (presumably indicating his wife then living) but naming "filiorum meorum aliquis…vel Egidius vel Raimirus…".  These documents therefore suggest that Sancho´s son Gil was born from an earlier marriage.  This [second] wife was heiress of "Galarre et Esparza cum Sancti Petri et Aranzola…et illas salinas de Gueze" which, the document records, she gave to her son Gil during her lifetime. 

m [thirdly] ---.  This [third] marriage is suggested by the charter dated to [1091-1111] under which Sancho donated property to his children, which names his son Ramiro after his daughter María.  This suggests that María had some precedence over Ramiro, either because he was illegitimate or born from a later marriage.  The charter dated to [1127], which indicates that Sancho had no male children by his wife (presumably indicating his wife then living) but names "filiorum meorum aliquis…vel Egidius vel Raimirus…", suggests that both Gil and Ramiro were born legitimate from an earlier marriage or marriages.  The charter dated to [1091-1111] does not refer to property having been given to Ramiro by his mother, in contrast to his brother Gil, which suggests that they were born from different marriages. 

m [fourthly] ELVIRA García, daughter of conde GARCÍA --- & his wife --- (-after [1127]).  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property "Erroz Galarre, Esparza cum Sancti Petri et Aranzola, Taissonare, Arainassu, Lizuing, Loizu, Santakara, Beorlegui" to "meam mulierem comitissa Albira filia de comite Garcea" by charter dated to [1091-1111][1126].  "Comes Santius [de Erro]" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona for the soul of "patris et matris mee et sororis Sancie" by charter dated to [1127] which confirms that he had no male child by his wife but names "filiorum meorum aliquis…vel Egidius vel Raimirus vel Didaco Lopeys" and "Egidius filius meus cum sorore sua"[1127].  It is possible that the donor´s then current wife was the same person as Elvira García. 

Sancho & his [second] wife had [two] children: 

1.         GIL .  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to "Gil filio meo dedit sua madre in sua vita Galarre et Esparza cum Sancti Petri et Aranzola sine germanos et germanas et illas salinas de Gueze", as well as "toto illo meo de Nagera et toto illo que fuit de mea germana dona Sancia et de Tricio et Arroniz e Arguedaset Exeia, Oxaiuem et Redin, Erro cum…in Guerendiain e in Aescoa et Cirlatota", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1128].  The document also records a donation to Sancho´s wife, who is clearly different from the mother of Gil who is noted as deceased.  "Comes Santius [de Erro]" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona for the soul of "patris et matris mee et sororis Sancie" by charter dated to [1127] which confirms that he had no male child by his wife but names "filiorum meorum aliquis…vel Egidius vel Raimirus vel Didaco Lopeys" and "Egidius filius meus cum sorore sua"[1129]

2.         MARIA Sánchez (-after [1121]).  It is not certain that María was the daughter of Sancho Sánchez by his second marriage.  However, she is named second in the donations to his children in his charter dated to [1091-1111], before her brother Ramiro.  It is unusual for a daughter to be named before a son, the suggestion being that she had some precedence over Ramiro either because he was illegitimate or born from a later marriage.  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to to "mea filia Maria…Tafaila, Eneriz, Erroz et…in Estelaet Urbizu et…in Alava…et super isto partent inter germano et germana illo que remanet de illas arras", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1130].  “Tota Lopiz cum filia mea Maria Lopiz” donated property “nostram hereditatem…iuxta Angustiana…Sotihori” to Santa María la Real de Nájera by charter dated 1121, witnessed by “Didago Lopiz meo germano y sua uxor Maria Sancii…[1131].  Her parentage is indicated by the charter dated to [1127] under which "Comes Santius [de Erro]" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona for the soul of "patris et matris mee et sororis Sancie" which confirms that he had no male child by his wife but names "filiorum meorum aliquis…vel Egidius vel Raimirus vel Didaco Lopeys"[1132], it being assumed that "Didaco Lopeys" was Sancho's son-in-law not his son.  m DIEGO López Señor de Vizcaya Señor en Nájera y Haro, son of LOPE Iñíguez Conde y Señor de Vizcaya & his wife Tecla Díaz de Oca (-1124). 

Sancho & his [third] wife had one child: 

3.         RAMIRO"Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to to "mea filia Maria…Tafaila, Eneriz, Erroz et…in Estelaet Urbizu et…in Alava…et super isto partent inter germano et germana illo que remanet de illas arras", to "Remir meo filio…Orzaiz de Bastan Arrazua, Zuarbe, Lapasti, Zunzarren, Acien, Candiden, Sansomang, Pennela, Arguiro. Et si non habuerit filio vel filio deparella, tornet a Gil me filio Orziaz", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1133].  The amount of property granted to Ramiro suggests that he was the grantor´s legitimate son, but the order of the names in the document suggests that his sister María held a position of precedence over Ramiro, either because he was illegitimate or because he was born from a later marriage.  The document dated to [1127] suggests that Ramiro was legitimate, born from a different marriage from Sancho´s then current wife.  "Comes Santius [de Erro]" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona for the soul of "patris et matris mee et sororis Sancie" by charter dated to [1127] which confirms that he had no male child by his wife but names "filiorum meorum aliquis…vel Egidius vel Raimirus vel Didaco Lopeys" and "Egidius filius meus cum sorore sua"[1134]

Sancho had six illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

4.          FERNANDO Sánchez .  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to "Ferrando meo filio…Arbonies et illos mesquinos de Auzuin", to "mea filia Andregoto…toto que fuit de don Eneco in Liaxe, Bazostan et illo orto de Uarte", to "mea filia Sancia de Aizuin…Iranzu circa de Gorriz et Derendiein…", to "mea filia Sanza d´Estaldun Verazunet Ovanos", to "illo filio de Fortun Sangiz de Bazostan meo filio…illos mesquinos de Unzue", to "filios de Garcea Sangiz meo filio…Avinzano et Iure", to "Ferrando de Estaldum…in Saguix", adding "istas filias meas de baracana is exierent malas tornet se ista hereditate ad meos filios de legitima", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1135]The small amounts of property granted to the grantor´s sons and daughters who are named after Ramiro in the document suggest that all these subsequently named children may have been illegitimate. 

5.          FORTÚN Sánchez .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1091-1111], quoted below, at which time Fortún was presumably deceased although the document does not state this specifically.  m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún [& his wife] had one child: 

a)         son .  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to "Ferrando meo filio…Arbonies et illos mesquinos de Auzuin", to "mea filia Andregoto…toto que fuit de don Eneco in Liaxe, Bazostan et illo orto de Uarte", to "mea filia Sancia de Aizuin…Iranzu circa de Gorriz et Derendiein…", to "mea filia Sanza d´Estaldun Verazunet Ovanos", to "illo filio de Fortun Sangiz de Bazostan meo filio…illos mesquinos de Unzue", to "filios de Garcea Sangiz meo filio…Avinzano et Iure", to "Ferrando de Estaldum…in Saguix", adding "istas filias meas de baracana is exierent malas tornet se ista hereditate ad meos filios de legitima", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1136]The small amounts of property granted to the grantor´s sons and daughters who are named after Ramiro in the document suggest that all these subsequently named children may have been illegitimate. 

6.          GARCÍA Sánchez .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1091-1111], quoted below, at which time García was presumably deceased although the document does not state this specifically.  m ---.  The name of García´s wife is not known.  Fortún [& his wife] had --- children: 

a)         sons .  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to "Ferrando meo filio…Arbonies et illos mesquinos de Auzuin", to "mea filia Andregoto…toto que fuit de don Eneco in Liaxe, Bazostan et illo orto de Uarte", to "mea filia Sancia de Aizuin…Iranzu circa de Gorriz et Derendiein…", to "mea filia Sanza d´Estaldun Verazunet Ovanos", to "illo filio de Fortun Sangiz de Bazostan meo filio…illos mesquinos de Unzue", to "filios de Garcea Sangiz meo filio…Avinzano et Iure", to "Ferrando de Estaldum…in Saguix", adding "istas filias meas de baracana is exierent malas tornet se ista hereditate ad meos filios de legitima", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1137]The small amounts of property granted to the grantor´s sons and daughters who are named after Ramiro in the document suggest that all these subsequently named children may have been illegitimate. 

7.          ANDREGOTO Sánchez .  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to "Ferrando meo filio…Arbonies et illos mesquinos de Auzuin", to "mea filia Andregoto…toto que fuit de don Eneco in Liaxe, Bazostan et illo orto de Uarte", to "mea filia Sancia de Aizuin…Iranzu circa de Gorriz et Derendiein…", to "mea filia Sanza d´Estaldun Verazunet Ovanos", to "illo filio de Fortun Sangiz de Bazostan meo filio…illos mesquinos de Unzue", to "filios de Garcea Sangiz meo filio…Avinzano et Iure", to "Ferrando de Estaldum…in Saguix", adding "istas filias meas de baracana is exierent malas tornet se ista hereditate ad meos filios de legitima", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1138]The small amounts of property granted to the grantor´s sons and daughters who are named after Ramiro in the document suggest that all these subsequently named children may have been illegitimate. 

8.          SANCHA Sánchez .  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to "Ferrando meo filio…Arbonies et illos mesquinos de Auzuin", to "mea filia Andregoto…toto que fuit de don Eneco in Liaxe, Bazostan et illo orto de Uarte", to "mea filia Sancia de Aizuin…Iranzu circa de Gorriz et Derendiein…", to "mea filia Sanza d´Estaldun Verazunet Ovanos", to "illo filio de Fortun Sangiz de Bazostan meo filio…illos mesquinos de Unzue", to "filios de Garcea Sangiz meo filio…Avinzano et Iure", to "Ferrando de Estaldum…in Saguix", adding "istas filias meas de baracana is exierent malas tornet se ista hereditate ad meos filios de legitima", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1139]The small amounts of property granted to the grantor´s sons and daughters who are named after Ramiro in the document suggest that all these subsequently named children may have been illegitimate. 

9.          SANCHA Sánchez .  "Comes Sancio Sangiz" granted property to "Ferrando meo filio…Arbonies et illos mesquinos de Auzuin", to "mea filia Andregoto…toto que fuit de don Eneco in Liaxe, Bazostan et illo orto de Uarte", to "mea filia Sancia de Aizuin…Iranzu circa de Gorriz et Derendiein…", to "mea filia Sanza d´Estaldun Verazunet Ovanos", to "illo filio de Fortun Sangiz de Bazostan meo filio…illos mesquinos de Unzue", to "filios de Garcea Sangiz meo filio…Avinzano et Iure", to "Ferrando de Estaldum…in Saguix", adding "istas filias meas de baracana is exierent malas tornet se ista hereditate ad meos filios de legitima", by charter dated to [1091-1111][1140]The small amounts of property granted to the grantor´s sons and daughters who are named after Ramiro in the document suggest that all these subsequently named children may have been illegitimate. 

 

 

1.         SANCHO --- .  One of Oneca´s husbands, Sancho or Fortún, was Conde, as shown by the charters in which she is named “condesa”.  However, it is not known which as neither has yet been identified beyond their names.  The order of Oneca´s marriages has not yet been confirmed.  The date when her two presumed sons by Sancho are first mentioned (1011, see below) suggests that Sancho must have been her first husband.  However, this hypothesis leads to other chronological difficulties.  Oneca´s father´s death is dated to before 984.  Even assuming that Oneca was a child when he died, this means that she must have been in her late 80s or early 90s when she is last named in 1062.  This would make it extremely difficult for her to have been the mother of two brothers who were adult in 1011.  The solution to this enigma has not yet been found.  m as her [first/second] husband, ONECA Gómez, daughter of GÓMEZ Fernández & his wife --- (-after 10 Nov 1062).  She married [firstly/secondly] Fortún ---.  Her two marriages are suggested by the charter dated 1050 under which "Senior Furtun Sancii…cum uxor mea dompna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "socer meus regi Garsea Ranimiriz", and names "frater meus senior Garsea Fortuniones"[1141], assuming that the latter was the same García Fortúnez who is recorded in the other charters as Oneca´s son.  Sancho & his wife had five children: 

a)         ÍÑIGO Sánchez (-[1020/20 Oct 1035]).  Señor en Nájera"Sancius rex…cum coniux mea Mumadonna regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1011, signed by "…senior Enneco Sanchez Naialensis, fratri eius senior Fortun Sanchez…"[1142].  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1014, signed by "…sennor Enneco Sanchiz Naialensis, sennor Fortun Sanchiz frater eius…"[1143].  “…Senior Enneco Sanç dominator Nagera…” subscribed two charters for Leire monastery dated 21 Oct 1015[1144].  "Sancius rex" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by his parents by charter dated 1020, signed by "…sennor Enneco Sancii Naialensis et Muensis…"[1145]same person as...?  “Buen padre” (-after 29 Nov [1035]).  Señor en Nájera"Senior Garsea Fortunionis…cum consortia mea domna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1 Apr 1013, signed by "…sennor Bueno Patre dominans Naiare"[1146].  "Sancio rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 13 Apr 1030, confirmed by "…sennor Boni Patri…"[1147].  "Bonus Pater, me nominante de Naiera" chose his burial in the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 29 Nov [1035][1148]

b)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-killed in battle 1054).  The co-identity between Fortún Sánchez Señor en Petralta and Fortún Sánchez Señor en Nájera is confirmed by the charter dated 25 Apr 1049 which is quoted below.  "Sancius rex…cum coniux mea Mumadonna regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1011, signed by "…senior Enneco Sanchez Naialensis, fratri eius senior Fortun Sanchez…"[1149]Señor en Petralta.  Señor en Nájera

-        see below

c)         AZNAR Sánchez (-after 11 Mar 1055).  The linking of the names Fortún Sánchez and Aznar Sánchez in the several charters, as well as the fact that Aznar Sánchez is recorded as señor de Petralta after Fortún Sánchez, suggest that the two were probably brothers.  The grouping of the three names "Senior Acenari Sanz et senior Aurio Sanz et senior Garsia Sanz, confirmans…" in the charter dated 1042 under which García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire monastery also suggests that they were brothers[1150].  [“…Senior Acenari Sainz de Nazera” subscribed a charter dated to [1024] under which Sancho III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of Leire[1151].  No other reference has yet been found to Aznar Sánchez Señor en Nájera.  It is possible that, either “Aznar” was a transcription error for “Íñigo” or that “Nazera” was a mistake for another territory.  The fact that Aznar´s name appears at the end of the subscription list suggests that the latter may be correct, as the leaders in Nájera were generally accorded a position of precedence in contemporary Navarrese charters.]  "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium" granted rights to the people of Abárzuza by charter dated 1018, witnessed by "…Acenari Sanctionis"[1152].  "Comite Fredelando Pelaioz…cum coniuge mea Gelvira et mater mea donna Gutina" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated [13 Nov 1028], signed by "…sennor Fortun Sanchez, sennor Azenari Sanchiz…"[1153].  "Eximina regina, mater Sancii regis" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 6 Dec 1028, confirmed by "…sennor Azenari Sanchiz…sennor Fortun Sanchiz…"[1154].  "Sancio rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 13 Apr 1030, confirmed by "…sennor Furtunio Sanchiz, sennor Azemari Sanchiz…"[1155].  "Sancius…Ispaniarum rex" reformed the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 14 May 1030, confirmed by "…princeps Furtunius Sancii, Acenarius Sancii…"[1156]Señor en Grañón.  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of Elocuáin to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "…senior Acenari Sanctionis de Granione…"[1157].  "Roderico Galindiz…cum coniuge mea domna…Sancia" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1037, confirmed by "sennor Furtun Sanchiz, sennor Azenari Sanchiz, sennor Nunnu Alvarez…"[1158].  "Senior Azenari Sanchiz" donated property “in Ormilla” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1039, confirmed by "sennor Furtun Sancii, sennor Sancio Furtunionis, sennor Enneco Sancii, sennor Fortun Lopez"[1159].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania regina" granted property to "fidele meo Azenari Ennecones" by charter dated 29 Jul 1040, confirmed by "…sennor Azenari Sancii…"[1160]Señor en Petralta.  García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire by two charters dated 13 Apr 1042, both confirmed by "Senior Fortunio Sancii, Petralta…Senior Acenar Sanoiz, Pietrelata"[1161]Senior Azanarii Sancii de Petralata” subscribed a charter dated 2 Nov 1044 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[1162].  “Senior Azenari Sancii de Petra Alta” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1046 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[1163]"Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Azenari Sangiz dominans Monasterio et Petralata…"[1164].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Azenari Sanchiz dominator Petra lata et Monesterio…"[1165].  Sancho IV King of Navarre returned property “el majuelo de Ormilla” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, donated by "senior Azenari Sanchiz" (see the charter dated 1039, above) and usurped by his father, by charter dated 11 Mar 1055, confirmed by "…sennor Sancio Fortunionis, sennor Azenari Sanchiz et Garcia Sanchiz, sennor Fortun Lopez, sennor Azenari Garceiz…"[1166]m ---.  The name of Aznar´s wife is not known.  Aznar & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [FORTÚN Aznárez .  The references to the señorío de Petralta suggest that Fortún Aznárez may have been the son of Íñigo Sánchez.  Señor en Petralta.  “…Senior Fortunio Acenariz in Petralta…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[1167].] 

d)         AURELIO Sánchez (-after 26 Dec 1046).  The grouping of the three names "Senior Acenari Sanz et senior Aurio Sanz et senior Garsia Sanz, confirmans…" in the charter dated 1042 under which García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire monastery suggests that they were brothers[1168]Architriclinus (“one who presides at the table”) at the royal court: "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium" granted rights to the people of Abárzuza by charter dated 1018, witnessed by "…Auriolus Sanctionis architriclinus regis…"[1169].  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of Elocuáin to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "…Auriolus Sanctius architriclinus regis"[1170].  [Señor en Cacabelo.  “...Auriolus Sangez in Kakaviello...” witnessed the charter dated 8 Jan 1033 under which prior Sancius et...Eximinus et...Dakus presbiteri” founded the monastery of Santa Eulalia and donated it to San Juan de la Peña[1171].]  Señor en Tafalla.  García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire monastery by two charters dated 13 Apr 1042 and one in 1042, confirmed by "…Senior Auriol Sanz en Tafalla…"[1172].  García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire monastery by a charter dated 1042 confirmed by "Senior Acenari Sanz et senior Aurio Sanz et senior Garsia Sanz, confirmans…"[1173].  The grouping of the three names together in this charter suggests that they have been brothers.  They are listed first among the subscribers, which suggests in addition that they enjoyed a degree of seniority at court.  Garcia V King of Navarre donated property to Santa María Real de Nájera by two charters dated 2 Feb 1044 and 26 Dec 1046, both subscribed by “…senior Aurioli Sancii de Tafalla…[1174].  The names “senior Azenari Sancii de Petra Lata, senior Garsea Sancii de Vesica” follow that of Aurelio Sánchez, which provides another indication that the three may have been brothers. 

e)         GARCÍA Sánchez (-after 11 Mar 1055 or after [1057]).  The grouping of the three names "Senior Acenari Sanz et senior Aurio Sanz et senior Garsia Sanz, confirmans…" in the charter dated 1042 under which García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire monastery suggests that they were brothers[1175]Architriclinus (“one who presides at the table”) at the royal court: Sancho III King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 17 May 1024, confirmed by "…Garcia Sancii architriclinus"[1176].  It is possible that the name in this charter is an error for Aurelio Sánchez (recorded as architriclinus in 1018 and 1031).  Alternatively, if the name is correct, the documentation provides another possible indication of the family relationship between Aurelio Sánchez and García Sánchez, suggesting as it does that the two supposed brothers shared this position at court.  García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire monastery by a charter dated 1042 confirmed by "Senior Acenari Sanz et senior Aurio Sanz et senior Garsia Sanz…"[1177].  The grouping of these three names together in this charter suggests that they may be brothers.  They are listed first among the subscribers, which suggests in addition that they enjoyed a degree of seniority at court.  Señor en Besica.  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Garsea Sangiz dominans Verilea [possibly mistranscription for Besica]"[1178].  García V King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by two charters dated 1049, and one dated 8 Nov 1050, all confirmed by "…sennor Garcia Sanchiz dominator Besica…"[1179].  García V King of Navarre donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charters dated 31 Dec 1045, 1046, 1047 and 17 Feb 1050, all confirmed by "…sennor Garcia Sanchiz…"[1180].  None of these charters accord geographical epithets to the subscribers but the chronology of all this documentation suggests that they all refer to García Sánchez Señor en Besica not another individual named Garcá Sánchez.  Sancho IV King of Navarre returned property “el majuelo de Ormilla” to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, donated by "senior Azenari Sanchiz" and usurped by his father, by charter dated 11 Mar 1055, confirmed by "…sennor Sancio Fortunionis, sennor Azenari Sanchiz et Garcia Sanchiz, sennor Fortun Lopez, sennor Azenari Garceiz…"[1181].  [Señor en Idoia.  “Domina Santia Fortuniones” donated property in Huarte to Leire monastery, confirmed by “Dominator Huarte, senior Acenari Fortuniones”, by charter dated [1057], witnessed by “Infans Fortunio Eximinones, Senior Gacia Sanç de Idoia…[1182].] 

 

 

FORTÚN Sánchez, son of SANCHO --- & his wife --- (-killed in battle 1054).  The co-identity between Fortún Sánchez Señor en Petralta and Fortún Sánchez Señor en Nájera is confirmed by the charter dated 25 Apr 1049 which is quoted below.  "Sancius rex…cum coniux mea Mumadonna regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1011, signed by "…senior Enneco Sanchez Naialensis, fratri eius senior Fortun Sanchez…"[1183].  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1014, signed by "…sennor Enneco Sanchiz Naialensis, sennor Fortun Sanchiz frater eius…"[1184].  "Sancius rex et uxor mea Muma dompna regina" donated property to the monastery of Yarte y Anoz by charter dated 17 May 1024, confirmed by "…senior Fortunio Sancii…"[1185].  "Comite Fredelando Pelaioz…cum coniuge mea Gelvira et mater mea donna Gutina" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated [13 Nov 1028], signed by "…sennor Fortun Sanchez, sennor Azenari Sanchiz…"[1186].  "Eximina regina, mater Sancii regis" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 6 Dec 1028, confirmed by "…sennor Azenari Sanchiz…sennor Fortun Sanchiz…"[1187].  "Sancio rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 13 Apr 1030, confirmed by "…sennor Furtunio Sanchiz, sennor Azemari Sanchiz…"[1188].  "Sancius…Ispaniarum rex" reformed the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 14 May 1030, confirmed by "…princeps Furtunius Sancii, Acenarius Sancii…"[1189], which demonstrates the elevated status of Fortún Sánchez at the Navarrese court at the time.  Señor en Petralta.  “…Fortun Sanciç de Petralta…” subscribed a charter dated 1030 for Pamplona Cathedral[1190]"Sancius…rex Pampilonensium atque Aragonensium seu Leonensium" restored property to the church of Pamplona by charter dated 1007, redated to [1032], witnessed by "…senior Fortun Sanz de Pedralta…"[1191].  "Rex domnus Sancius" resettled Villanova de Pampaneto by charter dated 1032, witnessed by "…senior Fortun Sangiz, alio Fortun Sangiz, senior Fortuni Uxuar"[1192].  "Sancius rex" sold "villa de Adoáin" to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1033, in the presence of "…milites Pampilonensis…senior Fortunio Sanz colleganeus regi et alius Fortunius Sanz de Caparross…"[1193]Señor en Nájera.  “…Sennor Fortum Sanchiz dominante Najera…” subscribed a charter dated 24 Feb 1035 for the monastery of Santa María Real de Nájera[1194].  A charter dated 20 Oct 1035, under which "Anderazo de Fortes" sold property to "domno Nunno Baluenere abba", names "… et sub eius senior Furtun Sancioz dominans in Nagera…" in the dating clause directly following the name of the king of Navarre[1195].  The majority of other documents in this edition of Valbanera charters also include his name in the dating clause between 21 Oct 1035 and 8 Feb 1054, as the only named "dominator" in a region of Navarre, indicating his relative importance at the Navarrese court during this period.  The abbot of the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla transferred a vine by charter dated 24 Feb 1036, confirmed by "Garsea rex, sennor Fortun Sanchiz dominante Naiera, sennor Garsea Fortuniones in Tovia…"[1196].  “Senior Fortun Sangez dux Petra alta, senior Fortun Sangez de Caparoso...” witnessed the charter dated May 1036 under which García V King of Navarre granted “ereditatem in villa...Unsi...Muru” to “Oriel Gerzez[1197]"Roderico Galindiz…cum coniuge mea domna…Sancia" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1037, confirmed by "sennor Furtun Sanchiz, sennor Azenari Sanchiz, sennor Nunnu Alvarez…"[1198].  “…Sennor Fortun Sanchiz…” (and other spelling variants) subscribed charters for San Millán de la Cogolla dated 1037, 1039, 27 Jul 1040, 1042 (two), 1 Jun 1043 and 8 Apr [1045] (the last two by “sennor Fortun Sanchez nutrici regis”), as well as numerous others too many to list between 1045 and 1050, some of which are qualified by the territorial description “Nájera”, others not, but all of which appear to refer to Fortún Sánchez Señor en Nájera[1199].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1038, under which García V King of Navarre returned “unum scusatum...in villa...Catamesas” to San Juan de la Peña, records ...senior Fertunio Sangez maiori in Petralta et Boncastris...[1200]"Senior Azenari Sanchiz" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1039, confirmed by "sennor Furtun Sancii, sennor Sancio Furtunionis, sennor Enneco Sancii, sennor Fortun Lopez"[1201].  García V King of Navarre donated property to Leire by two charters dated 13 Apr 1042, both confirmed by "Senior Fortunio Sancii, Petralta…Senior Acenar Sanoiz, Pietrelata"[1202].  "Garsea…rex…cum mulier mea Stephania regina" confirmed the resettlement of Villanova de Pampaneto by charter dated 1 Jan 1044, witnessed by "…senior Furtun Sangiz Nagarensis…"[1203].  "Senior Fortun Sancii de Nagara…" confirmed the grant by "Garseas rex" of the monastery of Anoz to the bishop of Pamplona, by charter dated 19 [Apr] 1047[1204].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1048, under which domna Santia senior Fertungo Enneconis filia” donated property “in territorio de billa...Sada” to San Juan de la Peña, records “...senior Fortungo Sangiz in Nagara et in Petra alta[1205]"Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Fortuni Sancii dominator Naiala…"[1206].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1048, under which domna Santia senior Fertungo Enneconis filia” donated property “in territorio de billa...Sada” to San Juan de la Peña, records “...senior Fortungo Sangiz in Nagara et in Petra alta[1207]…Senior Fortunio Sainç maior in Petralda…” subscribed a charter for Leire monastery dated 25 Apr 1049[1208].  "Garsea rex et…Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 29 May 1053, confirmed by "Senior Furtun Sanchiz, sennor Sancio Furtunionis, senior Lope Furtunionis, senior Furtun Lopez…"[1209]

m TODA García, daughter of GARCÍA Ramírez de Viguera & his wife Toda --- ([985/1000]-after 1050).  "Senior Furtun Sancii…cum uxor mea dompna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "socer meus regi Garsea Ranimiriz", by charter dated 1050, which names "frater meus senior Garsea Fortuniones" and is confirmed by "…senior Fortun Sancii dominator Naiera…"[1210].  This separate confirmation suggests that the donor may not have been the same person as Fortún Sánchez Señor en Nájera, although it is not the only example found where one of the main protagonists in a charter is also listed as a confirmant or subscriber.  Fortún & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         [SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 19 Jun 1059).  His parentage is suggested by the connection with the señorío de Nájera indicated by the charter dated [1050], under which "senior Scemeno Fortez et domna Galla" sold property to "seniore Sancio Furtuniones et domna Sancha", which names "Garsea rex in Pampilina et sennor Sancio Fortuniones in Ponticurvo et in Naiera"[1211]. Señor en Pontecurbo.  "Sanctius…rex" restored property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "… senior Santio Fortuniones de Ponti Curbo, senior Santio Fortuniones de Deiu…"[1212].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania regina" granted property to "fidele meo Azenari Ennecones" by charter dated 29 Jul 1040, confirmed by "…sennor Sancio Fortuniones de Ponticurbo…"[1213].  "Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "senior Sancio Fortuniones dominans Puente Corbo…"[1214].  "Senior Didaco Monnioz et uxor mea domna Elo, simul sobrinis meis Didaco Gondissalvez Sancioque et sua uxor Momedonna" donated the monastery of San Clemente de Rivarredonda to San Millán by charter dated to [1042], subscribed by “sennor Sancio Fortuniones…[1215].  "Garsea…rex…cum mulier mea Stephania regina" confirmed the resettlement of Villanova de Pampaneto by charter dated 1 Jan 1044, witnessed by "…senior Sancio Fortunionis in Pontcurbo et in Tobia"[1216].  "…senior Santio Fortunionis de Pontecurbo…" confirmed the grant by "Garseas rex" of the monastery of Anoz to the bishop of Pamplona, by charter dated 19 [Apr] 1047[1217].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior [Sancio] Fortuniones dominans Pontcurvo…"[1218].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" set the limits of the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Sancio Fortunionis de Ponticurvo…sennor Sancio Fortuniones de Calafurra…sennor Sancio Fortunione s de Tafalla"[1219]Señor en Nájera.  "Senior Scemeno Fortez et domna Galla" sold property to "seniore Sancio Furtuniones et domna Sancha" by charter dated [1050] which names "Garsea rex in Pampilina et sennor Sancio Fortuniones in Ponticurvo et in Naiera"[1220]. "Garsea rex et…Stephania regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 29 May 1053, confirmed by "Senior Furtun Sanchiz, sennor Sancio Furtunionis, senior Lope Furtunionis, senior Furtun Lopez…"[1221].  “…Domino Sancio Fortuniones de Pontecuruo…” subscribed a charter dated 4 Jun [1055] for Leire monastery[1222].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Sancio Fortuniones de Pontecurbo…[1223].  A charter dated 1 Mar 1058 confirmed the entry of "Fredinando presbiter" into the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla and his donation, confirmed by "…senior Sancio Fortuniones dominator Ponticurvo et Garcia Fortunionis dominator Toveia…"[1224].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted property to "senior Eximino Furtuniones et senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 19 Mar 1058, confirmed by "…senior Lope Furtuniones, senior Eximino Furtuniones, senior Sancio Furtuniones…"[1225].  "Senior Eximino Fortunionis et senior Sancio Fortunionis" confirmed the exchange of property resulting from the previous charter, by charter dated 19 Jun 1059, witnessed by "…senior Lope Fortunionis…"[1226].  These two documents strongly suggest that Lope, Jimeno and Sancho Fortúnez were brothers, although they do not specifically state that this is so.  m SANCHA Aiorez, daughter of ---.  Her marriage and parentage are indicated by the charter dated 1050 under which "domna Momadonna" granted property to "domna Sancia Aiorez, sobrina mea de Ponticurvo" and "germana mea domna Tegridia et suo marito Gonzalvo Nunnez" gave similar property to "domna Sancia"[1227].  "Senior Sancio Fortuniones et domna Sancia" bought property in Quintanilla, including from "Gonzalvo et nepto meo Gondessalvo", confirmed by "domna Maiore, filia de domna Maria", by charter dated [1050][1228].  "Senior Sancio Fortuniones…cum uxore mea Sancia Aioret" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1052, witnessed by "Acenari Furtunez et Alvaro Furtunez, Tello Monnioz et Gonzalvo Ovecoz, Beila Alvaroz et Gonzalvo Didaz"[1229].] 

2.         [TODA (-before 1076).  Martín Duque proceeds under the assumption that Toda was the daughter of Fortún Sánchez Señor en Nájera[1230], but the primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   "Senior Enneco Lopez…comiti…cum uxore mea domna Tota" donated property to the bishop of Álava by charter dated 30 Jan 1051[1231].  "Senior Enneco Lopez et uxor mea Totadomna" donated property "in Bizcahia…in Gorritiz…" to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1070[1232].  "Sennior Enneco Lopez…tocius Vizcahie comes" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, for the soul of "uxoris mee domne Tote", by charter dated 1076[1233]m ÍÑIGO López Conde y Señor de Vizcaya, son of LOPE Velásquez & his wife --- (-[1077]).] 

 

 

1.         [SANCHO --- ([960/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Gómez was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Sancho was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Sánchez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Sancho among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, even though the name is a common one.]  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         GÓMEZ Sánchez (-after 1033).  Maior domus at the royal court: "Sancius…rex Pampilonensium" granted rights to the people of Abárzuza by charter dated 1018, witnessed by "…Gomiç Sanctionis maiordomus regis…"[1234].  "Sancius rex" granted the monastery of Elocuáin to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1031, witnessed by "…Gomiz Sanctius maiordomus…"[1235].  "Sancius rex" sold "villa de Adoáin" to the bishop of Pamplona by charter dated 1033, in the presence of "…milites Pampilonensis…Gomiz Sanciz maiordomus regis…"[1236]same person as…?  GÓMEZ Sánchez (-after 2 Nov 1044).  “…Senior Gomiz Sancii…” subscribed a charter for Santa María la Real de Nájera dated 2 Nov 1044[1237].  No other reference has been found to another Gómez Sánchez.  It is therefore possible that this was the same person who was previously maior domus at the royal court. 

 

2.         [SANCHO --- ([960/75]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Jimeno was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Sancho was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Sánchez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Sancho among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, even though the name is a common one.]  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         JIMENO Sánchez (-after 1049).  "…Senior Eximino Sangiz…" subscribed a charter dated 6 Aug 1025 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[1238].  "Sancio rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 13 Apr 1030, confirmed by "…sennor Simeon Sanchez…"[1239].  “…Sennor Scemeno Sanchiz…” and "…Sennor Eximino Sanchiz…" subscribed two charters, dated 9 Apr 1045 and 31 Oct 1045 respectively, for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[1240]Señor en Aslanzone.  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania…regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [1 Nov] 1048, confirmed by "…senior Eximino Sangiz dominans Aslanzone…"[1241].  "Garsea…rex…cum coniuge mea Stephania regina" set the limits of the monastery of San Miguel de Pedroso by charter dated 1049, confirmed by "…sennor Eximino Sanchiz de Aslanzone…"[1242].  "…Senior Eximino Sanchiz…" subscribed a charter dated 1049 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[1243]

 

3.         [SANCHO --- ([965/80]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Mancio was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Sancho was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Sánchez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Sancho among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, even though the name is a common one.]  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         MANCIO Sánchez (-after 1034).  “…Mancio Sanz de Escaloç…” subscribed a charter dated 1034 for Leire monastery[1244]

i)          [JIMENO Mancio (-after 1060).  There is no proof that Jimeno Mancio was the son of Mancio Sánchez.  However, the patronymic is unusual and the chronology is favourable.  "Garsea…rex, Sancioni regis filius…" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040, in the presence of "…senior Semeno Mancones potecarius rex…"[1245]Maior domus at the royal court: “…Senior Eximino Manzones maior dompnus…” witnessed the charter dated 1054 under which “Fronilla, Garsie regis filia et regine domne Tote” donated property “in Torrillas” to the monastery of Irache[1246].  “…Senior Eximino Manzionis maiordomus regis…” confirmed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1060[1247].] 

 

4.         SANCHO --- ([980/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 15 Jun 1064).  Señor en BuradónGarcía V King of Navarre donated property to Leire by two charters dated 13 Apr 1042, both confirmed by "…senior Fortun Sanz Buradone…"[1248].  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Buradon…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 9 Feb 1063 of Sancho IV King of Navarre[1249].  “…Senior Furtunio Sanziz, dominator Buradon…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[1250].  “…Senior Fertunio Sanziz dominator Buradon…”  witnessed the charter dated 15 Jun 1064 under which “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia” donated property to Leire, signing first among the lay subscribers[1251]

 

5.         SANCHO --- ([980/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         [FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 2 Nov 1044).  Señor en Punicastro.  "Senior Fortuni Sancii de Punicastro…" subscribed a charter dated 2 Nov 1044 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[1252]This is the only reference yet found to Fortún Sánchez señor de Punicastro.  It is possible that there is some error in the document, either in the name or the place.  It should be noted that the subscriber signs first in a list of 24 names (probably the most subscribers yet observed in a charter at this time) which indicates a position of seniority among the Navarrese nobility.  It should also be noted that the document does not include the name of Fortún Sánchez Señor en Nájera, so it is possible that this is where the error lies.  Until further references to this individual come to light, it is considered appropriate to show him in this document in square brackets to highlight the doubt relating to his existence.] 

 

6.         SANCHO --- ([980/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         [FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 13 Aug 1043).  "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania regina" granted property to "fidele meo Azenari Ennecones" by charter dated 29 Jul 1040, confirmed by "…sennor Fortun Sancii alferiz…"[1253].  “…Sennor Fortuni Sancii alferiz…” subscribed the charter dated 13 Aug 1043 for Leire monastery[1254].  It is likely that this Fortún Sánchez was the same person as one of the nobles of the same name who are listed later in this document, as officers at the court were frequently chosen from among the junior members of the nobility who rose in the ranks later.  The name Fortún Sánchez is repeated so frequently among Navarrese nobility that linking this person with any of these other named individuals would be no more than a guess.  “…Senior Fortunio Sanoz armiger regis…” subscribed a charter for Leire dated 18 Nov 1047, and four charters for San Millán de la Cogolla dated 1049 (two), 17 Feb 1050 and 8 Nov 1050[1255].  It is therefore possible that the same Fortún Sánchez was reassigned to the court appointment of armiger.  However, a charter of Albelda dated 7 Dec 1057 is subscribed by “…senior Furtunio Sangiz alferiz…”, which leads to the supposition that there may have been two court officials with the same name at the same time.  Unfortunately, there are so many references to this Fortún Sánchez name/patronymic combination in Navarre in the 11th century that it is impossible to be sure how much overlap there may be and how many different individuals they represent.  same person as…?  FORTÚN Sánchez (-after Feb 1064).  A speculative possibility is that one of the court officials named Fortún Sánchez was rewarded for his services with the señorío of Navascos and Sangüesa.  Señor en NavascosSeñor en Sangüesa.  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Nauascosse et in Sangossa…” is named in the dating clause of the charter dated 19 Sep [1055] under which “Domina Santia, filia de senior Eximino Ennecones de Lerda” sold property “molinos…y la padula de San Vicente” to Leire monastery[1256].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Fortunio Sanoiz senior de Sanguessa…[1257].  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz senior de Nauascuesse…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 8 Jul 1057[1258].  “…Senior Fortunio Sanoiz dominator Sancuessa…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[1259].  “…Senior Fertunio Sanz in Sancuessa…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated [28/31] Dec 1058 under which “Senior Garcia Blascones de Escaloz” donated property in Urdasacu to Leire monastery[1260]Señor en Uncastello, Señor en Arrosta.  A charter dated 13 May 1063 under which “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire names “…Senior Fortunio Sainz in Uncastello et Arrosta, Senior Enneco Sainz suo germano, in Sangossa…” in the dating clause[1261].  The dating clause of a charter dated Feb 1064, under which the abbot of Fanlo bought houses from “dompna Goto et dona Taresa sua filia et de Santio Ranimiriz et de suos germanos”, records “...senior Fortun Sangiz in Uno Castello et in Sangossa et in Arrosta[1262]m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [SANCHO Fortúnez (-after 25 Jun 1066).  The references to the señorío de Navascos suggest that Sancho Fortúnez may have been the son of Fortún Sánchez.  Señor en Navascos.  “…Senior Sancio Fortuniones in Nauascuesse…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[1263].  “…Senior Sancio Fortuniones in Nauascues…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[1264]

b)         ÍÑIGO Sánchez (-after 13 May 1063 or [after 15 Apr 1071]).  Señor en Sangüesa.  A charter dated 13 May 1063 under which “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire names “…Senior Fortunio Sainz in Uncastello et Arrosta, Senior Enneco Sainz suo germano, in Sangossa…” in the dating clause[1265].  This charter suggests that Íñigo was granted Sangüesa after his brother Fortún was granted other señoríos.  [Señor en Navascos.  “…Senior Enneco Sanz in Nauascues…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 12 Nov 1068 under which “Mancius Acenarz cum filiis meis” donated property to Leire monastery[1266].  “…Senior Eneco Sanz in Nauascos…” witnessed the charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 15 Apr 1071[1267].  The references to the señorío de Navascos suggest that Íñigo Sánchez was the brother of Fortún Sánchez.]  m ---.  The name of Íñigo´s wife is not known.  Íñigo & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [LIHUAR Iñíguez (-after 1 Nov 1066).  The references to the señorío de Sangüesa suggest that Lihuar Iñíguez may have been the son of Íñigo Sánchez.  Señor en Sangüesa.  “…Senior Leioar Ennecones in Sanchuessa…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[1268].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Leioar Enecones in Sancuensa…[1269]same person as…?  LIHUAR Iñíguez .  His name/patronymic is confirmed by the charter dated 1101 under which his son “Garsia Liariz de Aiuar et mater mea dompna Tota et uxor mea dompna Blasquita” donated property in “el castro de Argueda”, for the soul of “patris mee Liar Ennecones”, to Leire Monastery[1270].  The co-identity of Lihuar Iñíguez with the person of the same name who is recorded as señor de Sangüesa in 1064/66 is not confirmed.  However, the name/patronymic combination is unusual and no other person of this name has been identified at the same time.  m TODA ---, daughter of --- (-after 1101).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1101 under which her son “Garsia Liariz de Aiuar et mater mea dompna Tota et uxor mea dompna Blasquita” donated property in “el castro de Argueda”, for the soul of “patris mee Liar Ennecones”, to Leire Monastery[1271].  Lihuar & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GARCÍA Lihuárez (-after 1107).  ["Senior Furtun Sancii…cum uxor mea dompna Tota" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1050 subscribed by “…sennor Fortun Sancii dominator Naiera, Garsea Lifuar milex eius…[1272]Señor en Nájera.  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted settlement rights to the people of Longares (Albelda) by charter dated 25 Jul 1063, confirmed by "…senior Garcia Lihorez in Nagera…"[1273].  “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia [Fortuniones]” donated the monastery of Santa Columba “en la foz de Aspurz” to Leire by charter dated 15 Jun 1064[1274]Señor en Formella.  "Domna Subencia" chose burial in the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 11 Nov 1074, the dating clause of which names "…senior Garcia Ligorriz in Formella", confirmed by "eodem senior Garcia Ligoarriz, filios eius Lope Garceiz et Enneco Garceiz…"[1275].  "Sancius rex…cum coniux mea Placentia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated 1075, confirmed by "…senior Garsia Lihuar dominator Nagera…"[1276].  “…Senior Garcia Lifuarriz dominator Naiera…” subscribed a charter dated 1075 of Santa María la Real de Nájera[1277].  "…Sennor Garcia Lifuarriz dominator Naiera…" subscribed a charter dated 1075 of "Sancius…rex"[1278].]  It is not entirely clear that the preceding entries all apply to the same García Lihuárez who was recorded Señor en Aibar in 1101.  However, this is an unusual name/patronymic combination to which no other reference has yet been found.  Señor en Aibar.  “Garsia Liariz de Aiuar et mater mea dompna Tota et uxor mea dompna Blasquita” donated property in “el castro de Argueda”, for the soul of “patris mee Liar Ennecones”, to Leire Monastery by charter dated 1101[1279].  “Senior Garcia Liuar Castro” donated property in “el castro de Argueda”, granted to “pater meus senior Luar Enecones” by Sancho IV King of Navarre, to Leire Monastery before leaving for Jerusalem, by charter dated 1107[1280]m VELASQUITA ---, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1101 under which her son “Garsia Liariz de Aiuar et mater mea dompna Tota et uxor mea dompna Blasquita” donated property in “el castro de Argueda”, for the soul of “patris mee Liar Ennecones”, to Leire Monastery[1281].  García & his wife had two children: 

(1)       [LOPE García .  "Domna Subencia" chose burial in the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 11 Nov 1074, the dating clause of which names "…senior Garcia Ligorriz in Formella", confirmed by "eodem senior Garcia Ligoarriz, filios eius Lope Garceiz et Enneco Garceiz…"[1282].  As noted above, it is not certain that Lope García and his brother Íñigo García were the sons of the same García Lihuárez who was recorded as Señor en Aibar in 1101.  However, this is an unusual name/patronymic combination to which no other reference has yet been found.] 

(2)       [ÍÑIGO García .  "Domna Subencia" chose burial in the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 11 Nov 1074, the dating clause of which names "…senior Garcia Ligorriz in Formella", confirmed by "eodem senior Garcia Ligoarriz, filios eius Lope Garceiz et Enneco Garceiz…"[1283].  As noted above, it is not certain that Lope García and his brother Íñigo García were the sons of the same García Lihuárez who was recorded as Señor en Aibar in 1101.  However, this is an unusual name/patronymic combination to which no other reference has yet been found.] 

 

7.         SANCHO --- ([980/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         [GARCÍA Sánchez (-after 1048).  “…Dompno Santio Garssianes de Arrienda et Garssia Sanç de Arruesta, filio de domina Sili…” acted as guarantors in a charter dated 1048 for Leire monastery[1284].  No other reference has been found to either of these individuals.  The charter itself does not specify that they were “senior” and it is possible that they were not members of the first tier of nobility in Navarre.] 

 

8.         [SANCHO --- ([980/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Sancho was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Sánchez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Sancho among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, even though the name is a common one.]  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         JIMENO Sánchez (-after 1049).  Botilarius at the royal court: "Garsea…rex…cum coniux mea Stephania regina" granted property to "fidele meo Azenari Ennecones" by charter dated 29 Jul 1040, confirmed by "…botilarius sennor Eximino Sancii…"[1285].  [“…Senior Semeno Mancones potecarius rex…” subscribed a charter dated 1040 for Pamplona cathedral[1286].  The similarity between botilarius and potecarius suggests that this document may refer to the same person, “Semeno Mancones” being a mistranscription for “Semeno Sanches”.]  

 

9.         [SANCHO --- ([980/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Sancho was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Sánchez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Sancho among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, even though the name is a common one.]  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         LOPE Sánchez (-after 1044).  Señor en Aramingon.  “Senior Lope Sanchiz de Aramington et…senior Alvaro Gonzalvez de Quinea…" donated property “San Martín de Herrera…y en Nave de Albura” to the monastery of San Millán de Cogolla by charter dated 1044[1287]Presumably the two donors were related as they shared interest in the same property.  It is not certain that Lope Sánchez and Álvaro González belonged to the first tier of nobility in Navarre.  They are not described as “dominator” of their señoríos, which is the term used in respect of the three lay subscribers of the same document.  In addition, the small number of subscribers suggests that the donation was not of major importance to the monastery.  If this is correct, it is less likely that they were ancestors of other Navarrese nobles listed below in this document. 

 

10.      [SANCHO --- ([980/90]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Sancho was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Sancho was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Sánchez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Sancho among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, even though the name is a common one.]  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         SANCHO Sánchez (-after 2 Nov 1044).  Señor en PitellaGarcía V King of Navarre donated property to Santa María Real de Nájera by charter dated 2 Nov 1044, confirmed by “…senior Sancio Sancii de Pitella…[1288]

 

11.      [SANCHO --- ([990/1000]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son García was 30 years old when first mentioned.  It is probable that this Sancho was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Sánchez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Sancho among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, even though the name is a common one.]  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [one] child: 

a)         ÍÑIGO Sánchez (-after 1072).  Maior domus at the royal court: Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Enneco Sanz maiordomus…[1289].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to "senior Sancio Furtunionis" by charter dated 7 Dec 1057, confirmed by "…senior Eneco Sansoiz maiordomo…"[1290].  “…Maiordomino regis Enneco Sanoiz…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[1291]Alferiz at the royal court: “…Senior Enneco Sancii, alferiz…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[1292]Armiger at the royal court: “…Senior Eneco Sancii, armiger…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[1293].  “…Senior Eneco Sansoiz, armiger…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 12 Mar 1076[1294]

 

12.      SANCHO --- ([995/1010]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 30 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had three children: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 3 Jul 1072).  The charter dated 7 Dec 1057, quoted below, confirms that Íñigo Sánchez was the brother of Lope Sánchez[1295], while the charter dated 13 May 1063 confirms that Fortún Sánchez was the brother of Íñigo Sánchez[1296].  It is supposed that both these charters refer to the same Íñigo Sánchez.  Señor en Falces.  “…Furtinius Sancii dominator Falces…” subscribed a charter dated 26 Dec 1032 for Leire monastery[1297].  “...Fortunius Sangez in Falzes...” witnessed the charter dated 8 Jan 1033 under which prior Sancius et...Eximinus et...Dakus presbiteri” founded the monastery of Santa Eulalia and donated it to San Juan de la Peña[1298]Señor en Lumberri.  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz de Lumberri et in Falces…” is named in the dating clause of the charter dated 19 Sep [1055] under which “Domina Santia, filia de senior Eximino Ennecones de Lerda” sold property “molinos…y la padula de San Vicente” to Leire monastery[1299].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056, witnessed by “…senior Fortunio Sanoiz de Falces…[1300].  “…Senior Fortuin Sanz de Lumberri…” subscribed a charter dated 8 Jul 1057[1301].  “…Senior Fortunio Sanoiz dominator Lumberri…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[1302].  “…Senior Fortunio Sancionis in Falzes…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Dec [1061][1303].  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Fortunius Sancii dominans Falces…"[1304].  A charter dated 13 May 1063 under which “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire names “Senior Fortunio Sanz Tullebingas, in Falces et Lumbierri, Senior Enneco Sanz suo germano, in Arlas et ualle de Agessu” in the dating clause[1305].  “…Senior Furtunio Sanziz, dominator Falces…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[1306].  “…Senior Fertunio Sanziz dominator Falces…”  witnessed the charter dated 15 Jun 1064 under which “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia” donated property to Leire, signing first among the lay subscribers[1307].  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Falces…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[1308].  “…Senior Fortunio Sanciz in Falces…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[1309].  “…Fortunio Sanz in Lumberri…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 12 Nov 1068 under which “Mancius Acenarz cum filiis meis” donated property to Leire monastery[1310].  “Senior Fortunio Sanz in Lomberri…” witnessed the charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 15 Apr 1071[1311].  “…Senior Fortun Sanz in Falces…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[1312]m ---.  The name of Fortún´s wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [one possible child]:

i)          [ÍÑIGO Fortúnez (-after 1087).  “Dompna Urraca de Ledena, uxor…senioris Enneco Sancii” donated property after her husband´s death to Leire monastery, on the advice of “…nepotum suorum senior Lope Lopeiz et senior Enneco Fortuniones”, by charter dated 1087[1313].  It is not certain that the two named nephews were nephews of Urraca´s husband, rather than nephews in her own blood family.  However, assuming that the property donated was inherited by Urraca from her husband, it would not be surprising for his nephews to confirm the donation.  In addition, Íñigo Sánchez is shown in other primary sources to have had brothers named Fortún and Lope, which fit with the patronymics of the named nephews. 

b)         LOPE Sánchez (-after 7 Dec 1057).  The charter dated 7 Dec 1057, quoted below, confirms that Íñigo Sánchez was the brother of Lope Sánchez[1314], while the charter dated 13 May 1063 confirms that Fortún Sánchez was the brother of Íñigo Sánchez[1315].  It is supposed that both these charters refer to the same Íñigo Sánchez.  [Mayor domus at the royal court: "Sancius rex…cum coniux mea Mumadonna regina" granted rights to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1011, signed by "…senior Lope Sancii maiordomus…"[1316].  "Sancius rex…cum coniuge mea Mumadonna regina" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 24 Jun 1014, signed by "…sennor Lope Sancii maiordomus…"[1317].  "Sancius rex" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by his parents by charter dated 1020, signed by "…Lope Sanchiz maiordomus…"[1318].  "Sancius…rex" recommended the rule of St Benedict to the monastery of Leire by charter dated 21 Oct 1022, witnessed by "…senior Lope Sanç"[1319].  “…Lupo Sancii maiordomus…” subscribed a charter dated 17 May 1024 for Albelda monastery[1320].]  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to "senior Sancio Furtunionis" by charter dated 7 Dec 1057, confirmed by "…senior Lope Sangiz et frater eius Eneco Sangiz…"[1321]m ---.  The name of Lope´s wife is not known.  Lope & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [LOPE López (-after 1087).  “Dompna Urraca de Ledena, uxor…senioris Enneco Sancii” donated property after her husband´s death to Leire monastery, on the advice of “…nepotum suorum senior Lope Lopeiz et senior Enneco Fortuniones”, by charter dated 1087[1322].  It is not certain that the two named nephews were nephews of Urraca´s husband, rather than nephews in her own blood family.  However, assuming that the property donated was inherited by Urraca from her husband, it would not be surprising for his nephews to confirm the donation.  In addition, Íñigo Sánchez is shown in other primary sources to have had brothers named Fortún and Lope, which fit with the patronymics of the named nephews. 

c)         ÍÑIGO Sánchez (-[17 May 1075/1087]).  The charter dated 7 Dec 1057, quoted below, confirms that Íñigo Sánchez was the brother of Lope Sánchez[1323], while the charter dated 13 May 1063 confirms that Fortún Sánchez was the brother of Íñigo Sánchez[1324].  It is supposed that both these charters refer to the same Íñigo Sánchez, and in addition that all the charters quoted below refer to him.  "Senior Azenari Sanchiz" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1039, confirmed by "…sennor Enneco Sancii…"[1325].  "…Sennor Enneco Sanciz…" subscribed charters dated 1039, 14 Mar 1046, 1046 and 1047 for the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla[1326]Señor en Arruesta.  “…Senior Eneco Sanoiz dominator Arruesta…” subscribed a charter dated 18 Nov 1047 for Leire monastery[1327].  "Senior Garcia Acenariz" donated property to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated to [2 Feb 1054/1063], subscribed by "…senior Enneco Sanziz in Sancta Maria de Ussoe"[1328]…Senior Eneco Sanz de Sancta Maria de Ussve…” subscribed a charter dated 4 Jun [1055] for Leire monastery[1329]Señor en SarasazuSeñor en Liédena.  “…Senior Enneco Sanz in Sarasazu et in Ledena…” is named in the dating clause of the charter dated 19 Sep [1055] under which “Domina Santia, filia de senior Eximino Ennecones de Lerda” sold property “molinos…y la padula de San Vicente” to Leire monastery[1330].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “el monasterio de Larraun y el valle de Ayechu” to “seniori Eneco Sancii” by charter dated 9 May 1056[1331]…Senior Enneco Sanz in Sarresaco…” subscribed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 27 Oct 1057[1332].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to "senior Sancio Furtunionis" by charter dated 7 Dec 1057, confirmed by "…senior Lope Sangiz et frater eius Eneco Sangiz…"[1333].  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted property to "senior Eximino Furtuniones et senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 19 Mar 1058, confirmed by "…senior Enneco Sangiz…"[1334].  “…Senior Enneco Sanz in Vsxue et in Saresazu…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated [28/31] Dec 1058 under which “Senior Garcia Blascones de Escaloz” donated property in Urdasacu to Leire monastery[1335].  “…Senior Enneco Sanz in Ussue…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 1058[1336].  “…Senior Enneco Sancionis in Ossue…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Dec [1061][1337].  "Ranimirus infans, Garsea rex prolis" donated property to the prior of San Martín de Albelda by charter dated [20 Jul 1062], confirmed by "…senior Eneco Sangiz maiordomus regis…"[1338].  “…Senior Enneco Sançiç dominator Sartiacuta [Sarasazu?]” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 7 Feb 1063[1339].  "Santius…rex" donated the monastery of Santa Gema to Santa María de Iruña by charter dated 13 Feb 1063, witnessed by "…Eneco Santii dominans Ussue…"[1340].  [Señor en Alveriti.  Gomesano Bishop of Calahorra granted settlement rights to the people of Longares (Albelda) by charter dated 25 Jul 1063, confirmed by "…senior Enneco Sangiz in Alveriti…"[1341].]  Señor en Arlas.  A charter dated 13 May 1063 under which “Domna Tota Lopiz de Arboniesse” donated the monastery of Santa María de Arboniés to Leire names “Senior Fortunio Sanz Tullebingas, in Falces et Lumbierri, Senior Enneco Sanz suo germano, in Arlas et ualle de Agessu” in the dating clause[1342].  “…Senior Enneco Sanziz, dominator Ussue…” witnessed the charter dated 22 Jan [1064] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted property to “seniori Furtunio Acenariz et coniugi tue domna Auria[1343].  “…Senior Enneco Sanziz dominator Arlas…”  witnessed the charter dated 15 Jun 1064 under which “Senior Garcia Scemenones…cum coniux mea domina Mencia” donated property to Leire, signing first among the lay subscribers[1344].  “…Senior Eneco Sanz in Arllas…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[1345].  [Señor en Petiella.  “…Senior Enneco Sanz in Petiella…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 27 Nov 1064 under which “Senior Eximino Garceiz et germanus meus senior Lope Garceiz vel germana nostra domina Sancia” donated property to Leire[1346].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Nov 1066 under which “domna Tota” donated property to Leire monastery names “…Seniore Eneco Sanz in Petiella…[1347].]  “…Senior Eneco Sanoz in Arlas…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[1348].  “…Senior Enneco Sanoiz de Arles…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 25 Jun 1066[1349].  Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la iglesia de Santa María de Arellano” to “domna Manzia Ortiz” by charter dated 1 Jan 1071, witnessed by “…Senior Enneco Sanziz in Arlas…[1350].  “…Senior Enneco Sanz in Arlas…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[1351].  “…Senior Enneco Sancii de Arles…” witnessed a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 1072[1352].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Eneco Sanziz in Arrlas…"[1353].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Enneco Sanciç, Arles…"[1354].  “…Senior Eneco Sancii d´Arlas…” is named in the dating clause of a charter dated 17 May 1075 by which “Garsias Sancii seynior de Domeyno cum…domina Vrraca uxor mea” donated property to Leire[1355]m URRACA, daughter of --- (-after 1087).  “Dompna Urraca de Ledena, uxor…senioris Enneco Sancii” donated the monastery of San Martín de Larraun after her husband´s death to Leire monastery, on the advice of “filiarum suarum…dompna Oria et dompna Tota et dompna Sancia et nepotum suorum senior Lope Lopeiz et senior Enneco Fortuniones”, by charter dated 1087[1356].  Íñigo & his wife had three children: 

i)          AURIA Iñíguez (-after 1087).  “Dompna Urraca de Ledena, uxor…senioris Enneco Sancii” donated property after her husband´s death to Leire monastery, on the advice of “filiarum suarum…dompna Oria et dompna Tota et dompna Sancia…”, by charter dated 1087[1357]

ii)         TODA Iñíguez (-after 1087).  “Dompna Urraca de Ledena, uxor…senioris Enneco Sancii” donated property after her husband´s death to Leire monastery, on the advice of “filiarum suarum…dompna Oria et dompna Tota et dompna Sancia…”, by charter dated 1087[1358]

iii)        SANCHA Iñíguez (-after 1087).  “Dompna Urraca de Ledena, uxor…senioris Enneco Sancii” donated property after her husband´s death to Leire monastery, on the advice of “filiarum suarum…dompna Oria et dompna Tota et dompna Sancia…”, by charter dated 1087[1359]

iv)       [--- .  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated [Mar/May] 1104 under which “Senior Eneco Fortuniones” confirmed the donation to Leire monastery of “la villa de Liédena”, granted to “auus meus senior Eneco Sanz” by Sancho IV King of Navarre[1360].  No doubt she was one of the daughters of Íñigo Sánchez who are named above, but no indication has yet been found about her precise identity.]  m FORTÚN ---, son of ---.  Fortún & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ÍÑIGO Fortúnez (-after [Mar/May] 1104).  “Senior Eneco Fortuniones” confirmed the donation to Leire monastery of “la villa de Liédena”, granted to “auus meus senior Eneco Sanz” by Sancho IV King of Navarre, by charter dated [Mar/May] 1104[1361]

 

 

13.      SANCHO --- ([1005/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Fortún was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         [FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 1090).  "…Senior Fortun Sanchez mayordomo…" subscribed a charter dated 29 Aug 1065 for San Prudencio[1362].  “…Fortun Sancii maiordomus regis…” subscribed the charter dated 1068 for Albelda monastery[1363].  “…Senior Furtuno Sanz maiordomus regis…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[1364].  “…Senior Fortun Sanchiz maiordompnus…” witnessed a donation of Sancho IV King of Navarre to Irache by charter dated 1068[1365].  “…Senior Furtun Saniz, maiordomus regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache dated 1070[1366].  “…Senior Fortunio Sansoiz maiordomus…” witnessed a charter for Irache monastery dated 1090[1367]

 

14.      SANCHO --- ([1005/20]-).  His birth date range is estimated arbitrarily on the assumption that his son Lope was 20 years old when first mentioned.  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had [three] children.  According to Llorente, these three sons were children of Sancho López (see below) but he cites no primary source in support[1368].  None of the three appears to have been named in the same documents as their other three supposed brothers who are named below: 

a)         LOPE Sánchez (-after 1075).  [Stabularius at the royal court: “…Senior Lope Sanoz stabularius…” witnessed the charter dated 27 Oct [1068] under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “la villa de Aldunate” to “senior Eximino Garceiz[1369].  “…Senior Lope Saniz, stabulario regis…” witnessed a charter for Irache dated 1070[1370].]  "Sancius…Nagelensis rex" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by "…sennor Lope Sanchiz, sennor Garcia Sanchiz, sennor Furtun Sanchez…"[1371], which suggests that these three subscribers may have been brothers. 

b)         [GARCÍA Sánchez (-after 1075).  "Sancius…Nagelensis rex" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by "…sennor Lope Sanchiz, sennor Garcia Sanchiz, sennor Furtun Sanchez…"[1372], which suggests that these three subscribers may have been brothers.] 

c)         [FORTÚN Sánchez (-after Dec 1099).  A charter dated 1 Mar 1058 confirmed the entry of "Fredinando presbiter" into the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla and his donation, confirmed by "…senior Fortun Sanchez…"[1373]Señor en Varadon.  "Sancio…rex" donated property to the bishop of Nájera by charter dated 13 Dec 1063, confirmed by "…senior Fortunio Santii dominator Varadon…"[1374]Señor en Tobia.  "Sancius rex" donated property to Bishop Munio by charter dated 11 Aug 1068, confirmed by "…senior Fortunio Sangiz in Tubia…"[1375].  [Señor en Elisues.  “…Senior Fortunio Sanz in Elisues…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho IV King of Navarre dated 3 Jul 1072[1376].  "Sanctius…rex Garsiani regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Placentia regina" confirmed the properties of the monastery of San Miguel de Excelsis by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "…Furtun Sanciç, Elisues…"[1377].]  "Sancius…Nagelensis rex" donated property to the monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla by charter dated 1075, confirmed by "…sennor Lope Sanchiz, sennor Garcia Sanchiz, sennor Furtun Sanchez…"[1378], which suggests that these three subscribers may have been brothers.  [Señor en Sarasaz.  “…Senior Fortun Sanz in Sarasaz…” is named in the dating clause of a charter for Leire dated 1084[1379]Señor en Aibar.  “…Senior Fortu Sanz in Sarassazo et Aiubare…” is named in the dating clause of a charter of Sancho V King of Navarre (Sancho I King of Aragon) for Leire dated 1084[1380].]  Señor en Huelga.  "Petrus Sangiz…Aragonensium et Pampilonensium rex" granted property "villa de Arguiñáriz" to "Senior Didaco Albarez" by charter dated Dec 1099, subscribed by "…senior Fortunio Sangiz in Quelga…"[1381].]  m ---.  The name of Fortún's wife is not known.  Fortún & his wife had [two possible children]:

i)          [JIMENO Fortúnez (-after 1107).  Señor en Huarte"Petrus Sangiz…Aragonensium et Pampilonensium rex" granted property "villa de Arguiñáriz" to "Senior Didaco Albarez" by charter dated Dec 1099, subscribed by "…senior Eximino Fortuniones in Huarte…"[1382]m ---, daughter of --- & his wife Sancha ---.  "Domina Sancia de Huarte" donated property to the church of Santa María de Pamplona, confirmed by "senior Semeno Fortuniones gener eius", by charter dated [1100] "regnante…comes Santius in Erro et in Tafalia, senior Semeno Fortuniones in Huarte, senior Eneco Beylaz in Echauri"[1383].  "Lope Lopeiz filius senioris Lupi Eneconis de Elcarte" donated "la villa Eguiror" to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1100, the dating clause naming "…senior Eneco Bealeiz in Puzcoa…", witnessed by "senior Semeno Fortuniones de Orquayn, senior Semeno Fortunionis de Vharte…"[1384].  "Senior Acenar Zuria Fortunionis et domina Sancia Semenones" donated "prado del Maurominio" to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1107, witnessed by "senior Semeno Fortunionis germanus huius Acenarii Zurie, in Uharte…"[1385]

ii)         [AZNAR Zuria Fortúnez (-after 1107).  "Senior Acenar Zuria Fortunionis et domina Sancia Semenones" donated "prado del Maurominio" to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1107, witnessed by "senior Semeno Fortunionis germanus huius Acenarii Zurie, in Uharte…Santia Semenones uxor sua"[1386]m SANCHA Jiménez, daughter of --- (-after 1107).  "Senior Acenar Zuria Fortunionis et domina Sancia Semenones" donated "prado del Maurominio" to Santa María de Pamplona by charter dated 1107, witnessed by "senior Semeno Fortunionis germanus huius Acenarii Zurie, in Uharte…Santia Semenones uxor sua"[1387]

 

15.      [SANCHO --- .  It is probable that this Sancho was the same person as one of the individuals of the same name who is listed above as the father of one or more “Sánchez”.  It is unlikely that there were so many different persons named Sancho among the Navarrese nobility in the late 10th and early 11th century, even though the name is a common one.]  m ---.  The name of Sancho´s wife is not known.  Sancho & his wife had one child: 

a)         FORTÚN Sánchez (-after 1 Jul 1110)Señor en YarnózSenior Fortun Sanz de Iarnoz cum uxore mea dompna Ermesenda Garceiz” sold half of “su palacio de Navasa en Aragón” to Leire monastery by charter dated 27 Nov 1109, the proceeds being used to pay his ransom for release from the Muslims[1388].  “Seynor Fortunio Sanç de Yarnoç et infanta Ermisenda Garceyç” donated “la villa de Yéqueda…” to Leire monastery by charter dated 1 Jun 1110[1389].  “Senior Fortunio Sanz de Yarnoz et infanta Ermisenda Garceiz” donated the monastery of San Salvador to Leire monastery by charter dated 1 Jul 1110[1390]m ([1076]) Infanta ERMESINDA García de Navarra, daughter of GARCÍA V King of Navarre & his wife Stéphanie de Foix (-after 1 Jun 1110).  “Senior Fortun Sanz de Iarnoz cum uxore mea dompna Ermesenda Garceiz” sold half of “su palacio de Navasa en Aragón” to Leire monastery by charter dated 27 Nov 1109, the proceeds being used to pay his ransom for release from the Muslims