The menu system requires Java Script to be enabled. If it does not appear please use the Index file for navigation. OLDENBURG, OSTFRIESLAND

OLDENBURG, OSTFRIESLAND

  v4.0 Updated 16 November 2017

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                GRAFEN von OLDENBURG 1149-1667. 2

A.         ORIGINS, GRAFEN von RUSTRINGEN.. 2

B.         GRAFEN von OLDENBURG.. 5

C.        GRAFEN von OLDENBURG in DELMENHORST. 20

D.        FREIHERREN von ALDENBURG.. 26

Chapter 2.                GRAFEN von WILDESHAUSEN. 27

Chapter 3.                GRAFEN von STOTEL. 36

Chapter 4.                GRAFEN von OSTFRIESLAND. 38

Chapter 5.  DUKES of OLDENBURG. 39

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The county of Oldenburg was formed in Lower Saxony, to the west of the river Weser, in the late 11th century by Count Egilmar [I], a vassal of the duke of Saxony.  The early counts were linked to the monastery of Rastede, to the north of what later developed as the town of Oldenburg, which was founded in 1059 by Count Huno according to the Historia Monasterii Rastedensis.  In the same source, Huno's county is called Rustringen, which has not yet been identified precisely but which presumably covered the territory along the North Sea coast to the east of Frisia.  No earlier references to this area have so far been found.  It is not known whether there were earlier counts.  It is possible that the land was sparsely populated and subject to the general jurisdiction of the dukes of Saxony without the appointment of local rulers. 

 

In the 13th century, the counts of Oldenburg expanded control over the territory to the north and west of the town of Oldenburg.  Christian [XIV] Graf von Oldenburg was chosen to succeed as Christian I King of Denmark and Norway in 1448, after which the territory was governed by younger branches of the Danish royal family. 

 

Delmenhorst is located between Bremen and Oldenburg, in Lower Saxony.  It is first mentioned in a charter dated 1254, after Otto I Graf von Oldenburg bought the site near the river Delme twenty years earlier.  The castle of Delmenhorst was constructed by Johann [I] Graf von Oldenburg, whose younger son Otto [II] established himself there and founded a younger branch of the counts of Oldenburg which survived until 1436 when Count Nikolaus resigned the county to the older branch. 

 

The county of Wildeshausen lay further to the south, to the south-east of Delmenhorst.  No information has so far been found about its early history. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    GRAFEN von OLDENBURG 1149-1667

 

 

 

A.      ORIGINS, GRAFEN von RUSTRINGEN



Two siblings, parents not known: 

1.         HUNO (-31 Oct 1059 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Huno comes", specifies that he held "comitibus Rustringie", founded the church in Rastede "1059 III Id Sep" and in a later passage that he died "in crastino omnium sanctorum"[1].  Adalbert Archbishop of Bremen confirmed that “Hunonis...comitis sue coniugis...Wille” founded Rastede St. Ulrich and donated certain property by charter dated 11 Sep 1059[2]m WILLA, daughter of --- (-8 Nov after 1059).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comitissa Willa" wife of "Huno comes", recording that she became a nun "in ecclesia beati Odelrici" after the death of her husband and in a later passage that she died "in octava omnium sanctorum"[3].  Adalbert Archbishop of Bremen confirmed that “Hunonis...comitis sue coniugis...Wille” founded Rastede St. Ulrich and donated certain property by charter dated 11 Sep 1059[4].  Huno & his wife had one child: 

a)         FRIEDRICH (-10 Feb after 1059).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Fridericus filius eius [=Hunonis comitis]", recording that he died unmarried "die scolastice virginis"[5]

2.         sister .  m ---.  Two children: 

a)         EGILMAR [I] (-1108 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comes Egilmaris filius sororis comitis Hunonis", although there may be some confusion with Count Egilmar [II] as the text also names "uxor sua Eylica"[6].  Adalbert Archbishop of Bremen confirmed that “...Comes Egilmarus...” witnessed the charter dated 1091 under which Liemar Archbishop of Bremen confirmed a donation[7].  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108, witnessed by "Gisilbertus…frater ipsius comitis et capellanus eius"[8].  Vogt von Rastede.  m RICHEZA von Dietmarschen, daughter of [DEDO Graf von Dietmarschen/ETHELER Graf von Dietmarschen] & his wife Ida von Elstorf [Braunschweig].  The Annales Stadenses name "Rikencen, filie Ide de Elthrope" as wife of "Eilmari", specifying in a later passage that she was Ida's daughter either by her second or third husband[9]"Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108[10].  Egilmar [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          CHRISTIAN .  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108[11].  Comes 1136. 

ii)         EGILMAR [II] (-before 1145)The Annales Stadenses name "Eilmarus iunior comes de Aldenburg" as son of "Eilmari et Rikencen", specifying that he challenged Udo Graf von Stade over the Stade inheritance from his maternal grandmother[12]"Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108[13].  “Nobiles: Egilmarus comes, Gerbertus comes...” witnessed the charter dated 2 Sep 1142 under which Adalbero Archbishop of Hamburg and others divided properties[14]m EILIKA von Rietberg, daughter of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Rietberg [Werl] & his wife Beatrix von Hildrizhausen (-bur Jadelo).   The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Eileke" daughter of "Heinricum comitem de Ryetbeke" & his wife Beatrix, specifying that she married "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg, qui ex eadem Eileka filios genuit Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg"[15].  Her burial place is confirmed by the Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis which names "Beatricem, quæ conversa est in Capenberg et sepulta cum Eilica comitissa de Aldenburch ad sancatæ Mariam Magdalenam, et Gerbergim quam clam abduxit domnus Bernherus de Erperode" as sisters of "comites Godefridus et Otto"[16].  Egilmar [II] & his wife had five children: 

(a)       CHRISTIAN [I] (-1167 or after)The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[17]Graf von Oldenburg

-         see below, Part B. GRAFEN von OLDENBURG

(b)       BEATRIX (-bur Rastede).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Egelmarus comes…filiam suam…Beatricem" and her husband "comitis de Anvorden…Fredericus", specifying that she was buried "in monasterio beati Martini" and that her husband died after his wife while on pilgrimage and was buried with her[18]m (1150) FRIEDRICH von Ampfurth, son of --- (-bur Rastede).  1185.  

(c)       EILIKA (-1184 or after)The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[19]m HEINRICH Graf von Tecklenburg, son of EKBERT Graf von Tecklenburg & his wife Adelheid van Limburg (-1155 or after).  1141/1155. 

(d)       HEINRICH [I] (-1167)The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[20]   

-         GRAFEN von WILDESHAUSEN

(e)       OTTO (-after 16 Nov 1161).  The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[21].  The Annales Stadenses name (in order) "Heinrici et Christiani comitum de Aldenburch et prepositi Ottonis Bremensis" as sons of Egilmar and his wife Eilika[22]Provost at Bremen Cathedral.  

iii)        GERTRUD .  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108[23]

b)         GISELBERT .  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108, witnessed by "Gisilbertus…frater ipsius comitis et capellanus eius"[24]

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von OLDENBURG

 

 

CHRISTIAN [I] [von Oldenburg], son of EGILMAR [II] Graf & his wife Eilika von Rietberg (-1167)The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[25]Graf von Oldenburg.  In 1166, he joined the alliance of Saxon princes against Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony, and in early 1167 destroyed the fortress of Weyhe, south of Bassum on the lower Weser, with the help of troops from Frisia but was obliged to withdraw to Oldenburg where Graf Christian died while it was besieged by Duke Heinrich.  After the town surrendered, Duke Heinrich added it to his domains[26].  The Annales Stadenses record the deaths in 1168 of "Christianus comes de Aldenburg [et] Heinricum frater Christiani"[27]

m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of --- (-after [1194/98]).  The Annales Stadenses names "Cunegunda" as the wife of "Christianus [de Aldenburg]" but does not give her origin[28].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, she was the daughter of Gerbert Graf von Versfleth[29].  The primary source which confirms this parentage has not been identified.  A possible indication of her family origin is provided by the undated charter under which [her son] “Mauricius comes de Aldenburch” confirmed a donation made by “Claroholtensis...cenobiii prepositus Frithericus...cognatus noster[30]

The term “cognatus” was used at that time most frequently to indicate cousin, although the relationship could have been on either the paternal or maternal side of Moritz’s family.  The family origin of Friedrich Provost of Kloster Clarholz has not been ascertained.  “Comitissa de Aldenburg domina Cunegundis mater comitis Mauritii cum ipso comite M.” donated property “in Redingstede” to Kloster Bergedorf by charter dated to [1194/98][31]

Christian [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         MORITZ [I] von Oldenburg (-before 1209, bur Rastede).  The Annales Stadenses names "Mauricium et Christianum" as the sons of "Christianus [de Aldenburg]" & his wife[32]Graf von Oldenburg.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Mauricius et Cristianus duo fratres", specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[33].  “Comitissa de Aldenburg domina Cunegundis mater comitis Mauritii cum ipso comite M.” donated property “in Redingstede” to Kloster Bergedorf by charter dated to [1194/98][34].  “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum “cognatæ meæ Beatrici abbatissæ Bersensi”, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[35]m SALOME von Wickrath, daughter of [OTTO [I] von Wickrath & his wife ---] (-after 1211, bur Rastede).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Salome…nata de Wickenrode" as the wife of "Mauricius frater suus [=Cristiani]"[36]Europäische Stammtafeln shows Salome as the daughter of Otto [I] von Wickrath[37].  If that is correct, Salome must have been one of her parents’ older children: she had a daughter who married before 1211, whereas the first marriage of her supposed brother Otto [II] is dated to [1207/08].  “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[38].  “Gerhardus...Osnab. episcopus” confirmed donations made to Kloster Wildeshausen by “domina Salome comitissa de Oldenborg et filius eius Christianus...comitem Mauricium premortuum”, appointing fiduciaries on behalf of “Ottone domicello adhuc infantulo”, by charter dated 1209[39].  Moritz [I] & his wife had six children: 

a)         HEDWIG (-1250 or after).  “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[40].  The primary source which confirms her marriage to Hildebold [II] Graf von Limmer has not been identified, but the introduction of the name Salome into the Roden family after her marriage is indicative of her family origin.  The dating of her marriage suggests that Hedwig was one of her parents’ older children, given that her sister Salome was described as “parvulam” in the charter dated to before 1209 and her brother Otto as “infantulo” in the charter dated 1209 quoted below.  “Hildeboldus comes de Limbere” donated property to Kloster Marienwerder, founded by “pie recordationis pater meus Conradus comes de Rothen”, with the consent of “uxore mea Hadewige comitissa filiis...meis quos tunc ex ipsa habui Conrado, Hermanno et Ludolfo”, in the presence of “fratre meo comite Conrado de Lewenrothe”, by charter dated 1223[41].  Konrad Bishop of Minden settled a dispute between the abbess of Wunstorf and “comitem H. de Limbere”, who had renounced “advocatiam...Domhoff” in favour of Kloster Wunstorf, confirmed by “domina H. relicta comitis et C. filius eorundem”, by charter dated 1228[42].  “H...in Lymbere comitissa...et filius meus Conradus” confirmed that “dominus meus comes H.” had donated property to Kloster Mariensee by undated charter[43].  “C. comes de Limbere” donated property “Hauekesleue...quas sorori nostre domine Salome in partem dotis dedimus” to Kloster Marienwerder, with the consent of “mater nostra et fratres Ludolfus...et Hildeboldus”, by charter dated 1236[44]m (before 1211) HILDEBOLD [II] von Roden Graf von Limmer, son of KONRAD [II] Graf von Roden & his wife Kunigunde --- (-[1226/28]). 

b)         CHRISTIAN [III] von Oldenburg (-1233 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Cristianum" as brother of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh"[45]Graf von Oldenburg

-        see below

c)         OTTO [I] von Oldenburg (-before 10 Jul 1256, bur Hude).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis states that "Otto comes de Aldenborgh" died without heirs and was buried "in Hudha"[46].  “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[47].  “Gerhardus...Osnab. episcopus” confirmed donations made to Kloster Wildeshausen by “domina Salome comitissa de Oldenborg et filius eius Christianus...comitem Mauricium premortuum”, appointing fiduciaries on behalf of “Ottone domicello adhuc infantulo”, by charter dated 1209[48].  “Ot. comes in Oldenburgh...et meus Johannes cognatus” donated “bona Dufleborgh” to Kloster Mariensee, at the request of “consanguinei B. de Spegelberge”, by undated charter[49].  Otto’s precise family relationship with Bernhard Graf von Spiegelberg has not been ascertained, nor “Johannes cognatus” identified.  m MECHTILD von Woldenberg, daughter of --- (-before 1268).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis refers to the wife of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh" as "de Woldenberge"[50].  The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not been identified.  Otto [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          HEINRICH von Oldenburg (-after 1243).  Europäische Stammtafeln names Heinrich as the son of Otto [I] with the date 1243[51].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified. 

ii)         SALOME von Oldenburg (-after 1266).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1242 under which [her husband] “Gerebertus...comes de Stoltenbroke” sold “curtem Boclo” to “comiti Ottoni de Ravensberghe et uxori sue S. comitisse”, with the consent of “soceri nostri comitis Ottonis de Oldenborgh et...uxoris nostre S. cometisse[52]m (before 1242, Papal dispensation 4o Lyon 7 Jul 1248) GERBERT Graf von Stotel, son of RUDOLF [von Stotel] & his wife --- (-after 1267). 

d)         KUNIGUNDE von Oldenburg (-1264 or after).  “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[53].  “Giselbertum nobilem de Brunchorst...et uxor mea Conegundis” settled a dispute with “capitulum Sutphaniensis ecclesie” concerning “decima...ab antiqua insula Brunckhorst usque Nierstat” by charter dated 10 Sep 1232, witnessed by “...Henricus clericus frater ipsius nobilis de Brunchorst...[54].  “Giselbertus miles de Brunchorst...et uxor mea Kunegundis” exchanged “decimam trium domorum in parrochia Vurden” with Klooster Bethlehem for “Venewic...in parrochia Stenre” by charter dated 23 Nov 1235, witnessed by “...Henrico fratre meo Sutphaniense canonico...[55]m firstly --- von Ahaus, son of ---.  m secondly GIJSBRECHT [II] Heer van Bronkhorst, son of --- (-after 12 Sep 1237). 

e)         SALOME von Oldenburg (-1267 or after).  “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[56].  Abbess of Bassum. 

f)          ODA von Oldenburg .  “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[57]

2.         CHRISTIAN [II] von Oldenburg (-murdered Bergedorf 1192, bur Rastede).  The Annales Stadenses names "Mauricium et Christianum" as the sons of "Christianus [de Aldenburg]" & his wife[58]Graf von Oldenburg.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Mauricius et Cristianus duo fratres", specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[59]

 

 

CHRISTIAN [III] von Oldenburg, son of MORITZ [I] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Salome von Wickrath (-1233 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Cristianum" as brother of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh"[60].  “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[61]Graf von Oldenburg.  “Gerhardus...Osnab. episcopus” confirmed donations made to Kloster Wildeshausen by “domina Salome comitissa de Oldenborg et filius eius Christianus...comitem Mauricium premortuum”, appointing fiduciaries on behalf of “Ottone domicello adhuc infantulo”, by charter dated 1209[62]

m AGNES von Isenberg, daughter of ---.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis refers to the wife of "Cristianum", brother of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh", as "de Ysenbergen…Agnetem"[63].  The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not been identified. 

Christian [III] & his wife had two children: 

1.         JOHANN [I] von Oldenburg (-1262 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Iohannem comitem de Oldenborgh" as son of "Cristianum", brother of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh", & his wife[64]Graf von Oldenburg.  He built Delmenhorst[65]m RICHZA von Hoya, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Hoya & his first wife --- (-before 1270).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comes Cristianus de Oldenburg" as son of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya"[66].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1274 under which [her sons] Cristianus et Otto fratres comites in Oldenburg” confirmed an agreement made by “noster avus...comes de Hoya et filius suus Johannes noster avunculus” with “noster dapifer dominus Martinus Fleckescilt[67].  Johann [I] & his wife had five children: 

a)         CHRISTIAN [IV] von Oldenburg (-Bremen [27 Nov 1285/3 Feb 1287], bur Hude).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Christian succeeded in Oldenburg but died aged 30 "circa festum Lucie"[68]Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.   

-        see below

b)         MORITZ [II] von Oldenburg (-1318 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Moritz was "canonicus ecclesie Bremensis et prepositus in Wildeshausen"[69].  “Christianus et Otto fratres comites in Oldenborg” sold property to Kloster Rastede, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Mauricii et Heinrici necnon Jutte uxoris nostre et Johannis filii nostri”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1272[70].  Canon at Bremen Cathedral.  “Otto...comes in Aldenborch” donated property to Kloster Bassum and “matertere nostre domine Sophie abbatisse”, with the consent of “fratris nostri domini Mauritii Bremensis ecclesie canonici...et duorum filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Cristiani”, in compensation for expenses incurred when “duas filias nostras...Juttam...et Agnetem” entered Kloster Quedlinburg, by charter dated 2 Jan 1294, sealed by “fratris nostri domini Mauritii[71].  Provost at Wildeshausen 1301/1304. 

c)         OTTO [II] von Oldenburg (-[2 Feb/24 Jun] 1304).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Otto succeeded in Delmenhorst[72].  Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst. 

-        see below, Part C. GRAFEN von OLDENBURG in DELMENHORST

d)         HEINRICH [VI] "der Jüngere" von Oldenburg (-after 11 Nov 1272).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Heinrich died young[73].  “Christianus et Otto fratres comites in Oldenborg” sold property to Kloster Rastede, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Mauricii et Heinrici necnon Jutte uxoris nostre et Johannis filii nostri”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1272[74]

e)         HEDWIG von Oldenburg (-after 15 Jul 1296).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1277 under which her husband "Egbertus comes in Benthem" confirmed the donation to the church of Renen by "Otto noster genitor comes in Benthem" and which refers to "sororio nostro juniori comiti de Oudenborch"[75].  "Ecbertus comes in Benthem" donated property to the abbey of Wittmarssen, with the consent of "dominæ Hadewigis uxoris nostræ cometissæ in Benthem, liberorum nostrorum Ottonis, Joannis et Ecberti iam natorum", by charter dated 29 Aug 1283[76].  "Ecbertus comes de Benthem" granted privileges to the town of Scuttorpe, with the consent of "Hadewigis uxoris nostre, Ottonis et aliorum filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated Nov 1295[77]m (before 5 Jun 1277, Papal dispensation 4o Rome 28 Jan 1289) EKBERT Graaf van Bentheim, son of OTTO [II] Graaf van Bentheim [Holland] & his first wife Heilwig von Tecklenburg (-before 1311). 

2.         OTTO von Oldenburg (-Dec 1285).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  Monk at Rastede 1250.  Abbot of St Paul at Bremen 1261.  Abbot of Rastede 1267. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not been identified, unless otherwise specified below. 

 

CHRISTIAN [IV] von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [II] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Richeza von Hoya (-Bremen [27 Nov 1285/3 Feb 1287], bur Hude).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Christian succeeded in Oldenburg but died aged 30 "circa festum Lucie"[78].  In a later passage, the same source names "comes Cristianus de Oldenburg" as son of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that he died "circa festum natali Domini" in the same year as the burning of the city of Bremen and was buried "in tumba comitum de Oldenburg"[79]Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  Cristianus et Otto fratres comites in Oldenburg” confirmed an agreement made by “noster avus...comes de Hoya et filius suus Johannes noster avunculus” with “noster dapifer dominus Martinus Fleckescilt” by charter dated 1274[80]

m firstly HEDWIG, daughter of --- (-[1270/11 Nov 1272]).  Cristianus comes de Allenborg et Hadhewigis de Willeshusen cometissa” donated property to Kloster Lahde by charter dated 1270[81].  The reference to “Willeshusen” suggests that Hedwig was a member of the younger Wildeshausen line of the Grafen von Oldenburg. 

m secondly (before 11 Nov 1272) JUTTA, daughter of --- (-before 1287).  “Christianus et Otto fratres comites in Oldenborg” sold property to Kloster Rastede, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Mauricii et Heinrici necnon Jutte uxoris nostre et Johannis filii nostri”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1272[82]

Christian [IV] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         JOHANN [II] von Oldenburg (-[7 Sep 1314/4 Dec 1316).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comes Iohannes filius suus" when recording that he succeeded "comes Cristianus de Oldenburg"[83].  “Christianus et Otto fratres comites in Oldenborg” sold property to Kloster Rastede, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Mauricii et Heinrici necnon Jutte uxoris nostre et Johannis filii nostri”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1272[84]Graf von Oldenburg.  “Johannes et Cristianus...comites in Oldenborch” donated land at Dalsper to Bremen church, as donated by “Cristiano quondam patre nostro pie memorie et Ottone patruo nostro comitibus in Oldenborch”, by charter dated 26 Feb 1303[85]m firstly (before 7 Mar 1294) ELISABETH von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of JOHANN [I] Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Liutgard von Holstein (-[20 May 1294/1298]).  Siegfried Bishop of Hildesheim granted Schloß Lauenrode and the city of Hannover to “ducem Ottonem de Bruneswic...et tres sorores sue Megthildis, Elizabet et Elena” by charter dated 10 Dec 1283[86].  Botho’s Chronicon Brunsvicensium Picturatum names “Elisabeth”, who married “Greve Cord to Warnichrode” [apparently confusing her with her sister Helene, see below], third of the four daughters of “Hertoghe Hans, Hertoghen Otten sone” and his wife[87].  The primary source which confirms her marriage more accurately has not been identified.  m secondly (contract 15 Sep 1298) HEDWIG von Diepholz, daughter of KONRAD von Diephoz & his wife --- von Rietberg.  The marriage contract between “Johannes...comes de Oldenborch” and “nobilis vir Conradus de Depholt...suam filiam H-dewigim” is dated 15 Sep 1298[88].  Johann [II] & his first wife had two children: 

a)         CHRISTIAN [VII] von Oldenburg (-after 29 May 1323).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  m HEDWIG von Bruchhausen, daughter of HILDEBOLD [I] Graf von Bruchhausen [Oldenburg] & his wife Sophie von Ravensberg (-1348 or after).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated to [1310] under which [her husband] “Christianus comes in Oldenborch” notified an exchange of properties with “sororius noster Otto domicellus de Brochusen[89].  Christian [VII] & his wife had one child: 

i)          JUTTA von Oldenburg (-1367 or after).  Prioress at Kloster Blankenburg 1352. 

b)         JOHANN [IV] von Oldenburg (-1345 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1315.  “Johan, Conraidt unde Mauritius brodere...greven tho Oldenborch” granted property to “hern Tideriche van Elmendorpe...”, by charter dated 28 Sep 1331[90]m MECHTILD [von Bronckhorst].  Johann [IV] & his wife had four children: 

i)          JOHANN [V] von Oldenburg (-1356 or after).  m ---.  Johann [V] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       OTTO von Oldenburg .  1357. 

(b)       KONRAD [III] von Oldenburg .  1357. 

ii)         OTTO [IV] von Oldenburg .  Graf 1357.  

iii)        WILHELM von Oldenburg (-[3 May/26 Nov] 1367).  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1354.  

iv)       CHRISTIAN von Oldenburg (-killed in battle near Koldewärf 20 Aug 1368).  Graf 1355. 

Johann [II] & his second wife had four children: 

c)         KONRAD von Oldenburg (-8 Jul 1350)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  “Johan, Conraidt unde Mauritius brodere...greven tho Oldenborch” granted property to “hern Tideriche van Elmendorpe...”, by charter dated 28 Sep 1331[91]

-        see below

d)         MORITZ von Oldenburg (-killed in battle near Koldewärf 20 Aug 1368).  “Johan, Conraidt unde Mauritius brodere...greven tho Oldenborch” granted property to “hern Tideriche van Elmendorpe...”, by charter dated 28 Sep 1331[92].  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1337/1343, deacon 1345/1367.  Elected Bishop of Bremen 1345.  Administrator of the Bishopric of Bremen 1351/1360.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1367.  

e)         NESEKE [Agnes] von Oldenburg .  1342.  m LUDOLF [III] Graf von Wunstorf und Roden, son of --- (-after 6 Jan 1391). 

f)          GISELA von Oldenburg (-[3 May/25 Aug] 1343)m (before 1338) GERHARD [II] Graf von Hoya, son of OTTO [I] Graf von Hoya & his wife Ermengard von Holstein (-1383 before 14 Oct). 

Christian [IV] & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

2.         CHRISTIAN [V] von Oldenburg (-after 7 Sep 1314).  “Johannes et Cristianus...comites in Oldenborch” donated land at Dalsper to Bremen church, as donated by “Cristiano quondam patre nostro pie memorie et Ottone patruo nostro comitibus in Oldenborch”, by charter dated 26 Feb 1303[93]

3.         OTTO von Oldenburg (-1348 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1317, thesaurarius 1325/1330, deacon 1332/1340.  Archbishop of Bremen 1348. 

 

 

KONRAD von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [II] Graf von Oldenburg & his second wife Hedwig von Diepholz (-8 Jul 1350)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.   “Johan, Conraidt unde Mauritius brodere...greven tho Oldenborch” granted property to “hern Tideriche van Elmendorpe...”, by charter dated 28 Sep 1331[94]

m INGEBORG von Holstein, daughter of GERHARD [IV] Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Plön & his wife Anastasia von Wittenberg. 

Konrad & his wife had three children: 

1.         KONRAD [II] von Oldenburg (-23 Aug 1401/15 Feb 1402]).  Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  He founded St Lambert's in Oldenburg 1377[95]m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of ---.  1367.  Konrad [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         JOHANN (1375-1386 or after).  

b)         MORITZ [III] von Oldenburg (-4 Sep 1420, bur Rastede)m (before 5 Mar 1399) ELISABETH von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of MAGNUS [II] "Torquatus/mit der Kette" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Katharina von Anhalt (-2 Oct 1420, bur Rastede).  She died of the plague.  Moritz [III] & his wife had four children: 

i)          son (-young). 

ii)         JOHANN .  1402

iii)        ANNA von Oldenburg (-after 22 Jun 1438)m ([1424]) OTTO [III] Graf von Waldeck, son of --- (-[1458/59]).  

iv)       INGEBORG von Oldenburg (-[14 Sep/4 Nov] 1431).  m OCKO [II] Renisma tom Book, in Ostfriesland (-after 26 Apr 1437). 

c)         JUTTA von Oldenburg (-25 Sep 1418).  Abbess of Wunstorf 1385. 

d)         KUNIGUNDE von Oldenburg m JOHANN Herr von Diepholz, son of KONRAD Herr von Diepholz & his second wife Armgard von Waldeck (-[1421/20 Nov 1422]). 

2.         GERHARD [I] von Oldenburg (-killed in battle near Koldewärf 20 Jul 1368).  Graf 1355.  

3.         CHRISTIAN [XI] von Oldenburg (-[10 Nov 1399/22 Apr 1403])m (before 29 Aug 1377) AGNES von Honstein, daughter of DIETRICH [V] Graf von Honstein in Beringen & his wife --- (-after 1394).  Christian [XI] & his wife had two children: 

a)         CHRISTIAN [XIII] von Oldenburg (-before 25 Oct 1425, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  Canon of St Gereon at Köln 1398. 

b)         DIETRICH von Oldenburg (-Delmenhorst 14 Feb 1440, bur Oldenburg St Lambert)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  In Delmenhorst 1436.  

-        see below

 

 

DIETRICH von Oldenburg, son of CHRISTIAN [XI] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Agnes von Honstein (-Delmenhorst 14 Feb 1440, bur Oldenburg St Lambert)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  In Delmenhorst 1436.  

m firstly (1401) ADELHEID von Oldenburg-Delmenhorst, daughter of OTTO [IV] Graf von Oldenburg-Delmenhorst & his wife Richarda von Tecklenburg (-Welsburg before 1423, bur Hude). 

m secondly (contract 23 Nov 1423) as her second husband, HEDWIG von Schleswig und Holstein, widow of BALTHASAR Fürst zu Wenden Herr von Werle [Mecklenburg], daughter of GERHARD [VI] Herzog von Schleswig, Graf von Holstein & his wife Katharina [Elisabeth] von Braunschweig (1398-1436, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to, but does not name, one daughter of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie" & his wife as the wife firstly of "Baltazaro domino Slavorum" (by whom she was childless) and secondly of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg"[96]

Dietrich & his second wife had four children:

1.         CHRISTIAN [XIV] von Oldenburg (Oldenburg Feb 1426-Copenhagen 21 May 1481 bur Roskilde Cathedral)The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Cristianum, Mauricium et Gherardum" as the three sons of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg" & his unnamed Holstein wife[97]He succeeded his father in 1440 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg und Delmenhorst.  He was chosen to succeed as CHRISTIAN I King of Denmark and Norway, on the death without heirs in 1448 of King Christoffer III.  He was elected Graf von Holstein, Herzog von Schleswig in 1460, in succession to his maternal uncle Duke Adolf VIII. 

-        KINGS of DENMARK

2.         MORITZ [IV] von Oldenburg (1428-9 Aug 1464, bur Hude)The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Cristianum, Mauricium et Gherardum" as the three sons of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg" & his unnamed Holstein wife[98]He succeeded his father in 1440 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg und Delmenhorst.  m (1458) KATHARINA von Hoya, daughter of --- (-1465).  Moritz [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ADELHEID von Oldenburg ([1460]-Holstein ----).  Canoness at Bassum. 

b)         JAKOB von Oldenburg (24 Aug 1462-at sea off Bergen [25 Jul/29 Oct] 1484).  He succeeded his father in 1464 as Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst, minor until 1476.  

c)         HEDWIG von Oldenburg ([1463]-Holstein ----).  Nun at Kloster Blankenburg.  

3.         GERHARD [II] von Oldenburg (1430-22 Feb 1500)The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Cristianum, Mauricium et Gherardum" as the three sons of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg" & his unnamed Holstein wife[99]He succeeded his father in 1440 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg und Delmenhorst.  He resigned in 1482.  He died on the return journey from a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela[100]m ([28 Feb/2 Mar] 1453) ADELHEID von Tecklenburg, daughter of OTTO [VII] Graf von Tecklenburg [Schwerin] & his wife --- (-2 Mar 1477, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  Gerhard [II] & his wife had eleven children: 

a)         GERHARD von Oldenburg (-1470 or after).  

b)         DIETRICH (-1463 or after).  

c)         ADOLF von Oldenburg (1458-killed in battle Dithmarschen 17 Feb 1500).  He succeeded his father in 1482 as Graf von Oldenburg.  

d)         CHRISTIAN von Oldenburg (1459-[27 May] 1492).  Graf 1488. 

e)         JOHANN [V] von Oldenburg (1460-Oldenburg 10 Feb 1526, bur Oldenburg St Lambert)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg 1484. 

-        see below

f)          OTTO von Oldenburg .  Canon at Bremen (-killed in battle Dithmarschen 17 Feb 1500).  Von Wardenburg und Hundsmölln.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1489.  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1492.  

g)         ELISABETH von Oldenburg (1468-12 Sep 1505).  Canoness at Herford 1494. 

h)         ANNA von Oldenburg (1469-27 Sep 1505).  She died of the plague[101]

i)          IRMGARD von Oldenburg (-1518 or after).  m (contract Burgforde 8 Oct 1489) HERO Ommken von Dornum, son of --- (-after 1518).  Häuptling at Esens, Wittmund and Stedesdorf.  

j)          HEDWIG von Oldenburg (-22 Feb 1502).  m (contract 28 Mar 1498) EDO Wimmeken zu Jever, son of --- (-21 May 1511). 

k)         ADELHEID von Oldenburg (-1513).  m (contract Oldenburg 10 Jul 1503) DIETRICH [III] Herr zu Plesse, son of --- (-1543 or after). 

4.         ADELHEID von OldenburgThe Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Alheydis" as the daughter of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg" & his unnamed Holstein wife, specifying that she married "nobili comiti Ernesti de Hoensteen"[102]m firstly (before 15 Nov 1439) ERNST [II] Graf von Honstein in Klettenberg, son of --- (-Turnier 1454).  m secondly (before 7 May 1457) GEBHARD [VI] Graf und Herr zu Mansfeld, son of --- (-14 Sep 1492). 

 

 

JOHANN [V] von Oldenburg, son of GERHARD VI Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst & his wife Adelheid von Tecklenburg (1460-Oldenburg 10 Feb 1526, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1474/1489.  Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg 1484.  He succeeded his father in 1500 as Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst

m (contract Gernrode 24 Jan 1498, Gandersheim 20 Jun 1498) ANNA von Anhalt, daughter of GEORG I Fürst von Anhalt Herr zu Zerbst und Dessau & his fourth wife Anna von Lindau-Ruppin (-10 Oct 1531, bur Oldenburg St Lambert). 

Johann [V] & his wife had five children: 

1.         JOHANN [VI] (21 Jul 1500-Bremen 4 Sep 1548, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  He succeeded his father in 1526 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg, resigned 1529.  m ALEKE Meyer, daughter of ---.  1548. 

2.         ANNA (14 Nov 1501-Greetsiel 10 Nov 1575)m (Oldenburg 7 Mar 1530) ENNO II Graf von Ostfriesland, son of EDZARD I “der Grosse” Graf zu Ostfriesland & his wife Elisabeth von Rietberg (1505-Emden 24 Sep 1540, bur Emden Große Kirche). 

3.         GEORG (1503-21 Jan 1551, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  He succeeded his father in 1526 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg, resigned 1529.  Zu Varel und Burgförde 1542.  m HEILKE, daughter of ---. 

a)         JOHANN von Oldenburg (-after 1590).  Vogt zu Zwischenahn 1563.  Drost zu Apen 1590. 

b)         ADELHEIDm HERMANN Juchter zu Bardenfleth, son of ---. 

c)         ANNAm JOHANN Hunrichs zu Strückhausen Vogt zu Eckwarden, son of ---. 

d)         daughter . 

4.         CHRISTOPH (16 May 1504-Rastede 4 Aug 1566, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1509.  Canon at St Gereon, Köln 1507/1549.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1524/1546.  He succeeded his father in 1526 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg, resigned 1529.  Canon at Saints Willehadi and Stephan, Bremen 1529.  Governor of Denmark in Copenhagen 1534/1536.  From 1542 zu Varel, Burgförde and Rastede.  Christoph had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

a)         CHRISTOPH bastard von Oldenburg .  Priest 1543. 

5.         ANTON (1505-Oldenburg 22 Jan 1573, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  He succeeded his brothers in 1529 as ANTON I Graf von Oldenburg

-        see below

Johann [V] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

6.          MORITZ Bastard von Oldenburg (-1548 or after).  m (before 10 Aug 1526) GRETE Trüpers, daughter of JOHANN Trüpers & his wife --- (-1561 or after). 

 

 

ANTON von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN VI Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst & his wife Anna von Anhalt (1505-Oldenburg 22 Jan 1573, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  He succeeded his brothers in 1529 as ANTON I Graf von Oldenburg.  He reconquered Delmenhorst in 1547[103]

m (Oldenburg 1 Jan 1537) SOPHIE von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of MAGNUS II Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Katharina von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (-Oevelgönne 13 May 1571). 

Anton I & his wife had six children: 

1.         KATHARINA (Ovelgönne 8 Aug 1538-1 Feb 1620, bur Nienburg)m (1 Jun 1561) ALBRECHT Graf von Hoya, son of --- (-18 Mar 1563).  

2.         ANNA (Oldenburg 3 Apr 1539-Sondershausen 24 Aug 1579, bur Sondershausen)m (Delmenhorst 26 Feb 1566) JOHANN GÜNTHER I Graf von Schwarzburg, son of --- (-Arnstadt 28 Oct 1586, bur Sondershausen). 

3.         JOHANN (9 Sep 1540-Oldenburg 12 Nov 1603, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  He succeeded his father in 1573 as JOHANN VIII Graf von Oldenburg.  In Jever 1575.  In Oldenburg 1577.  In Kniphausen 1592.  m (contract Sondershausen 15 Mar 1576, Delmenhorst 29 Jul 1576) ELISABETH Gräfin von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, daughter of GÜNTHER XXII Graf von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen & his wife --- (Sondershausen 13 Apr 1541-Oldenburg 26 Dec 1612).  Johann VIII & his wife had seven children: 

a)         daughter (Delmenhorst 13 Sep 1577-soon after, bur Delmenhorst). 

b)         JOHANN FRIEDRICH (Oldenburg 3 Oct 1578-Oldenburg 3 Aug 1580, bur Oldenburg).  

c)         ANNA SOPHIE (Sondershausen 23 Dec 1579-[Oldenburg] 11 Jun 1639).  

d)         MARIE ELISABETH (Oldenburg 26 Jun 1581-Jever 3 Aug 1619). 

e)         KATHARINA ([Oldenburg] 20 Sep 1582-29 Feb 1644, bur Ratzeburg Cathedral)m (4 Jun 1633) as his second wife, AUGUST Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg, son of FRANZ II Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his first wife Margarete von Pommern (Ratzenburg 17 Feb 1577-18 Jan 1656, bur Ratzeburg Cathedral). 

f)          ANTON GÜNTHER (31 Oct 1583-Rastede 29 Jun 1667, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  He succeeded his father in 1603 as ANTON GÜNTHER Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  From 1635/1646, at Beck near Minden.  In Delmenhorst 1647.  m (contract Oldenburg 28 May 1635, Oldenburg 30 May 1635) SOPHIE KATHARINA Herzogin von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, daughter of ALEXANDER Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein zu Sonderburg & his wife Dorothea Gräfin von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (28 Jun 1617-Neuenburg, Kr Friesland 22 Nov 1696, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).   Mistress (1): ELISABETH MARGARETA Ungnad Freiin von Sonnegg, daughter of ANDREAS Ungnad Freiherr von Sonnegg zu Ennsegg und Waldenstein & his wife Margareta von Prag Freiin zu Windhag (-Bremen 1683).  m (1646) JOHANN von Marenholtz (-beheaded 1651).  Anton Günther had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

i)          ANTON von Aldenburg (1 Feb 1633-27 Oct 1680)

-         FREIHERREN von ALDENBURG

g)         MAGDALENE (Oldenburg 6 Oct 1585-Coswig 14 Apr 1657, bur Zerbst, transferred 1899 to Zerbst Schloß Fürstengruft)m (31 Aug 1612) as his second wife, RUDOLF I Fürst von Anhalt-Zerbst, son of JOACHIM ERNST Fürst von Anhalt in Zerbst, Bernburg, Köthen und Dessau & his second wife Eleonore von Württemberg (Harzgerode 28 Oct 1576-Zerbst 30 Jul 1621, bur Zerbst St Bartholomäi). 

4.         CHRISTIAN (7 Nov 1544-Dresden 6 Aug 1570, bur Dresden Kreuzkirche).  

5.         KLARA (1 Nov 1547-Altenbruchhausen 30 May 1598, bur Oldenburg).  Coadjutrix at Bassum. 

6.         ANTON von Oldenburg (8 Sep 1550-25 Oct 1619, bur Delmenhorst).  He succeeded his father in 1573 as ANTON II Graf von Oldenburg.  In Delmenhorst 1577.  m (Scharnebeck 31 Aug 1600) SIBYLLE ELISABETH von Braunschweig-Dannenberg, daughter of HEINRICH "der Jüngere" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Dannenberg & his wife Ursula von Sachsen-Lauenburg (Dannenberg 4 Jun 1576-[Delmenhorst] 9 Jul 1630, bur Delmenhorst).  Anton & his wife had eleven children: 

a)         SOPHIE URSULA (10 Dec 1601-Rosenburg 5 May 1642, bur Barby)m (17 Mar 1633) ALBRECHT FRIEDRICH Graf von Barby, son of --- (28 Feb 1597-Rosenburg 7 Dec 1641, bur Barby). 

b)         KATHARINA ELISABETH (22 Jan 1603-11 Sep 1649).  Deaconess at Gandersheim, abbess 1626.  

c)         ANTON HEINRICH (8 Feb 1604-Tübingen 1 Sep 1622).  He succeeded his father in 1619 as ANTON HEINRICH Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  

d)         ANNA (Delmenhorst 2 or 28 Mar 1605-Weimar 12 Dec 1668)m (4 Nov 1634) JOHANN CHRISTIAN Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, son of ALEXANDER Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein zu Sonderburg & his wife Dorothea Gräfin von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (Beck 26 Apr 1607-Sonderburg 28 Jun 1653, bur Sonderburg Schloßkapelle). 

e)         KLARA (19 Apr 1606-Beck 19 Jan 1647)m (Delmenhorst 15 Jan 1645) as his first wife, AUGUST PHILIPP Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, son of ALEXANDER Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein zu Sonderburg & his wife Dorothea Gräfin von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (11 or 15 Nov 1612-Beck 1 Jan or 6 May 1675). 

f)          SIBYLLE MARIE (Delmenhorst 18 Oct 1608-Delmenhorst 14 Sep 1640, bur Delmenhorst Stadtkirche).  Canoness at Quedlingburg.  Canoness at Herford 1627, later deaconess. 

g)         DOROTHEA (13 Dec 1609-Quedlinburg 5 Mar 1636, bur Quedlinburg).  Canoness at Quedlingburg.  

h)         SIDONIE (10 Jun 1611-Beck 1 Jan 1650).  Canoness at Quedlingburg 1640.  Abbess of Herford and Gandesheim 1640, resigned 1649.  m (Jun 1649) as his second wife, AUGUST PHILIPP Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, son of ALEXANDER Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein zu Sonderburg & his wife Dorothea Gräfin von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (11 or 15 Nov 1612-Beck 1 Jan or 6 May 1675). 

i)          CHRISTIAN (26 Sep 1612-Delmenhorst 23 May 1647, bur Delmenhorst).  He succeeded his father in 1619 as CHRISTIAN Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst.  He died after a fall from his horse[104]

j)          AEMILIE ANTONIE (Delmenhorst 15 Jun 1614-Leutenberg 4 Dec 1670, bur Rudolstadt Stadtkirche).  Canoness at Quedlinburg 1637.  m (Rudolstadt 4 Feb 1638) LUDWIG GÜNTHER I Graf von Schwarzburg zu Rudolstadt, son of --- (27 May 1581-Rudolstadt 4 Nov 1646)

k)         JULIANE (Delmenhorst 2 Jul or 13 Aug 1615-Brenz 16 May 1691, bur Weiltingen Schloßkirche).  m (Wolfenbüttel 31 Oct 1652) MANFRED Herzog von Württemberg-Weiltingen, son of JULIUS FRIEDRICH Herzog von Württemberg-Weiltingen & his wife Anna Sabine Herzogin von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön (Brenz 5 Jun 1626-Weiltingen 15 May 1662, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche). 

 

 

 

C.      GRAFEN von OLDENBURG in DELMENHORST

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not been identified, unless otherwise specified below. 

 

OTTO [II] von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [I] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Richza von Hoya (-[2 Feb/24 Jun] 1304).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Otto succeeded in Delmenhorst[105].  Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst.  “Christianus et Otto fratres comites in Oldenborg” sold property to Kloster Rastede, with the consent of “fratrum nostrorum Mauricii et Heinrici necnon Jutte uxoris nostre et Johannis filii nostri”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1272[106]Cristianus et Otto fratres comites in Oldenburg” confirmed an agreement made by “noster avus...comes de Hoya et filius suus Johannes noster avunculus” with “noster dapifer dominus Martinus Fleckescilt” by charter dated 1274[107].  He founded the Franciscan convent at Delmenhorst in 1285[108].  “Otto...comes in Aldenborch” donated property to Kloster Bassum and “matertere nostre domine Sophie abbatisse”, with the consent of “fratris nostri domini Mauritii Bremensis ecclesie canonici...et duorum filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Cristiani”, in compensation for expenses incurred when “duas filias nostras...Juttam...et Agnetem” entered Kloster Quedlinburg, by charter dated 2 Jan 1294, sealed by “fratris nostri domini Mauritii[109].  “Johannes et Cristianus...comites in Oldenborch” donated land at Dalsper to Bremen church, as donated by “Cristiano quondam patre nostro pie memorie et Ottone patruo nostro comitibus in Oldenborch”, by charter dated 26 Feb 1303[110]

m ODA, daughter of --- (-[1284/30 May 1291]).  “Otto comes de Oldenburch” granted “advocatiam...in Stura” to “domino Winando”, with the consent of “uxoris nostre domine Ode cometisse”, by charter dated 1284[111].  “Otto...comes in Aldenborch” donated property to Kloster Hude, for the soul of “uxoris nostre pie recordationis domine Ode defuncte”, by charter dated 30 May 1291, sealed by “fratrueli nostri Johannis comitis de Aldenborch[112]

Otto [II] & his wife had seven children: 

1.         daughter (-before 1287).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 30 Jan 1302 under which [her father] “Otto...comes de Oldenborch...[et] filius noster” sold “dominium et cometiam Welpie”, received from “viro nobili domino Ottone comite Welpie”, to “domino Ottoni duci de Bruns. et Luneb. genero nostro[113]m as his first wife, OTTO II "der Strenge" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of JOHANN [I] Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Liutgard von Holstein (-9/10 Apr 1330, bur Lüneburg). 

2.         JOHANN [III] von Oldenburg (-[18 Mar/1 Jul] 1348).  “Otto...comes in Aldenborch” donated property to Kloster Bassum and “matertere nostre domine Sophie abbatisse”, with the consent of “fratris nostri domini Mauritii Bremensis ecclesie canonici...et duorum filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Cristiani”, in compensation for expenses incurred when “duas filias nostras...Juttam...et Agnetem” entered Kloster Quedlinburg, by charter dated 2 Jan 1294, sealed by “fratris nostri domini Mauritii[114]Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst 1315.  “Johannes...comes de Oldenborgh et Delmenhorst ac Cristianus filius eius” sold property to “Alverico de Sturden civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Conegundis uxoris”,  naming as fiduciaries “Cristianus frater noster in Delmenhorst et Johannes in Oldenborgh comites ac Conradus filius domini Rodolphi nobilis domini de Depholte”, by charter dated 13 Jul 1335[115].  “Cristianus comes in Delmenhorst” notified that “domina Berta relicta Hildeboldi quondam de Welpia famuli et Fridericus filius ipsius domine Berte” had granted property to “fratrem nostrum Johannem comitem in Delmenhorst” by charter dated 30 May 1338[116].  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst” sold property to “Gerhardo dicto de Colene civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Bernardi canonici ecclesie Hildensemensis, Cristiani, Johannis et Borchardi filiorum nostrorum”, naming among the fiduciaries “Cristianus comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst frater noster...Otto prefati nostri fratris filius”, by charter dated 28 Mar 1344[117].  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst, Cristianus, Johannes et Bernardus filii sui” sold property to “Johanni dicto Punt civi Bremensi”, naming as fiduciaries “Cristianus comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst frater nostri...Johannes Coloniensis et Bremensis, Wertslaws Verdensis ecclesiarum canonici ac Otto dicti domini Cristiani comitis filii”, by charter dated 12 Mar 1347[118]m KUNIGUNDE von Wölpe, daughter of BURCHARD Graf von Wölpe & his second wife Ermengard --- (-after 13 Jul 1335).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated 26 Jan 1302 under which “Otto c. in Oldenborch” sold “comitiam Wölpe”, held by [her husband] “filius Ottonis c.” from “Ottone c. de Welpia”, to “Ottoni de B. et L. genero suo” [Otto Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg][119].  “Johannes...comes de Oldenborgh et Delmenhorst ac Cristianus filius eius” sold property to “Alverico de Sturden civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Conegundis uxoris”,  naming as fiduciaries “Cristianus frater noster in Delmenhorst et Johannes in Oldenborgh comites ac Conradus filius domini Rodolphi nobilis domini de Depholte”, by charter dated 13 Jul 1335[120].  Johann [III] & his wife had [nine] children: 

a)         CHRISTIAN [VIII] von Oldenburg (-1367 or after).  “Johannes...comes de Oldenborgh et Delmenhorst ac Cristianus filius eius” sold property to “Alverico de Sturden civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Conegundis uxoris”,  naming as fiduciaries “Cristianus frater noster in Delmenhorst et Johannes in Oldenborgh comites ac Conradus filius domini Rodolphi nobilis domini de Depholte”, by charter dated 13 Jul 1335[121].  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst” sold property to “Gerhardo dicto de Colene civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Bernardi canonici ecclesie Hildensemensis, Cristiani, Johannis et Borchardi filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 28 Mar 1344[122].  “Godefridus episcopus Osnaburgensis” requested Pope Clement VI to grant “canonicatu eccl. Colon. cum reservatione prebende” to "suo consanguineo Ottoni nato Iohannis comitis in Oldenborch", and also “canonicatu eccl. S. Gereonis Colon.” to “suo consanguineo Cristiano nato dicti comitis”, dated 15 Sep 1346[123].  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst, Cristianus, Johannes et Bernardus filii sui” sold property to “Johanni dicto Punt civi Bremensi” by charter dated 12 Mar 1347[124]Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst.  m HEILWIG von Hoya, daughter of OTTO Graf von Hoya & his wife Ermengard von Holstein (-after 1374).  Christian [VIII] & his wife had [four] children:  

i)          JOHANN von Oldenburg .  1354. 

ii)         OTTO [V] von Oldenburg (-[20 Mar/22 Jul] 1415)Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst.  m (before 6 Nov 1405) RICHARDIS von Tecklenburg, daughter of NIKOLAUS [I] Graf von Tecklenburg [Schwerin] & his wife --- (-7 Apr 1430).  Otto [V] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       NIKOLAUS von Oldenburg (-[10 Nov 1446/18 May 1447]).  Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst, resigned 1436.  Archbishop of Bremen 1421/1435.  Nikolaus had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

(1)        NIKOLAUS .  Deacon at Oldenburg 1487. 

(b)       ADELHEID von Oldenburg (-Welsburg before 1423, bur Hude)m (1401) as his first wife, DIETRICH von Oldenburg, son of CHRISTIAN [V] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Agnes von Honstein (-Delmenhorst 14 Feb 1440, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  He succeeded his father in 1423 as DIETRICH Graf von Oldenburg

iii)        CHRISTIAN [XII] von Oldenburg (-1393 or after).  Graf 1371.  Provost at Walsrode.  Canon at Wildeshausen, resigned 1393.  m (before 5 Oct 1393) ---. 

iv)       [GERHARD .  1369.] 

b)         JOHANN von Oldenburg .  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst” sold property to “Gerhardo dicto de Colene civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Bernardi canonici ecclesie Hildensemensis, Cristiani, Johannis et Borchardi filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 28 Mar 1344[125].  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst, Cristianus, Johannes et Bernardus filii sui” sold property to “Johanni dicto Punt civi Bremensi” by charter dated 12 Mar 1347[126].  Canon at Minden Cathedral 1340/1349. 

c)         BERNHARD von Oldenburg (-1352 or after).  Canon at Hildesheim 1344.  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst” sold property to “Gerhardo dicto de Colene civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Bernardi canonici ecclesie Hildensemensis, Cristiani, Johannis et Borchardi filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 28 Mar 1344[127].  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst, Cristianus, Johannes et Bernardus filii sui” sold property to “Johanni dicto Punt civi Bremensi” by charter dated 12 Mar 1347[128].  

d)         BURCHARD von Oldenburg .  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst” sold property to “Gerhardo dicto de Colene civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Bernardi canonici ecclesie Hildensemensis, Cristiani, Johannis et Borchardi filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 28 Mar 1344[129]

e)         KUNIGUNDE von Oldenburg .  Nun at Mariensee 1344. 

f)          AGNES von Oldenburg .  Nun at Mariensee 1344. 

g)         OTTO von Oldenburg .  Canon at Köln Cathedral.  “Godefridus episcopus Osnaburgensis” requested Pope Clement VI to grant “canonicatu eccl. Colon. cum reservatione prebende” to "suo consanguineo Ottoni nato Iohannis comitis in Oldenborch", dated 15 Sep 1346[130]

h)         [LIUTGARD von Delmenhorst (-31 Jul 1359).  Abbess of Wienhausen 1344.] 

i)          MECHTILD von Oldenburg (-before 1369).  Abbess of Bassum 1361. 

j)          GISELA von Oldenburg .  Canoness at Vreden 1339/1343. 

3.         CHRISTIAN [VI] von Oldenburg (-[23 Jul 1354/18 Jan 1355]).  “Otto...comes in Aldenborch” donated property to Kloster Bassum and “matertere nostre domine Sophie abbatisse”, with the consent of “fratris nostri domini Mauritii Bremensis ecclesie canonici...et duorum filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Cristiani”, in compensation for expenses incurred when “duas filias nostras...Juttam...et Agnetem” entered Kloster Quedlinburg, by charter dated 2 Jan 1294, sealed by “fratris nostri domini Mauritii[131]Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst.  “Cristianus...comes in Aldenborgh nec non Rodolfus nobilis domicellus in Desholte” confirmed an agreement between “dominam Agnetem de Aldenburgh abbatissam” and “Thedhardum dictum de Bosne militem...” by charter dated 4 Jul 1307[132].  “Johannes...comes de Oldenborgh et Delmenhorst ac Cristianus filius eius” sold property to “Alverico de Sturden civi Bremensi”, with the consent of “Conegundis uxoris”,  naming as fiduciaries “Cristianus frater noster in Delmenhorst et Johannes in Oldenborgh comites ac Conradus filius domini Rodolphi nobilis domini de Depholte”, by charter dated 13 Jul 1335[133].  “Cristianus comes in Delmenhorst” notified that “domina Berta relicta Hildeboldi quondam de Welpia famuli et Fridericus filius ipsius domine Berte” had granted property to “fratrem nostrum Johannem comitem in Delmenhorst” by charter dated 30 May 1338[134].  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst” sold property to “Gerhardo dicto de Colene civi Bremensi”, naming among the fiduciaries “Cristianus comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst frater noster...Otto prefati nostri fratris filius”, by charter dated 28 Mar 1344[135]m (contract 16 Feb 1317) ELISABETH von Mecklenburg, daughter of NIKOLAUS Herr von Rostock [Mecklenburg] & his wife Margareta von Pommern.  Erik King of Denmark arranged the marriage of “Elisabeth Her Nicolai...aff Rostocks Daatter, sin Søsterdaatter [appears to be a mistake]” and “Greffue Christen aff Delmenhorst” by charter dated 16 Feb 1317[136].  Christian [VI] & his wife had five children: 

a)         OTTO [III] von Oldenburg (-1373 or after).  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst” sold property to “Gerhardo dicto de Colene civi Bremensi”, naming among the fiduciaries “Cristianus comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst frater noster...Otto prefati nostri fratris filius”, by charter dated 28 Mar 1344[137].  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst, Cristianus, Johannes et Bernardus filii sui” sold property to “Johanni dicto Punt civi Bremensi”, naming as fiduciaries “Cristianus comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst frater nostri...Johannes Coloniensis et Bremensis, Wertslaws Verdensis ecclesiarum canonici ac Otto dicti domini Cristiani comitis filii”, by charter dated 12 Mar 1347[138]

b)         JOHANN von Oldenburg (-1359 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1339/1352.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1344/1352.  Pope Clement VI granted “canonicatu eccl. Colon.” to "Iohanni nato Christiani comitis de Oldenberch et Delmenhorst", in consideration of “Iohannis regis Boemie pro consanguineo suo”, despite already holding “in eccl. Bremensi canonicatum et prebendam”, dated 24 Feb 1343[139].  Johann’s family relationship with Jean de Luxembourg King of Bohemia has not been ascertained, bur presumably it was remote.  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst, Cristianus, Johannes et Bernardus filii sui” sold property to “Johanni dicto Punt civi Bremensi”, naming as fiduciaries “Cristianus comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst frater nostri...Johannes Coloniensis et Bremensis, Wertslaws Verdensis ecclesiarum canonici ac Otto dicti domini Cristiani comitis filii”, by charter dated 12 Mar 1347[140].  Chorbischof at Köln 1359. 

c)         CHRISTIAN [IX] von Oldenburg (-1391 or after).  Graf zu Delmenhorst.  Canon at Osnabrück Cathedral 1339/1352.  Provost of St Willehadi at Bremen 1354/1367.  Provost at Rüstringen 1358/1359. 

d)         WATZLAW von Oldenburg (-before 12 Feb 1358).  Canon at Verden Cathedral 1343/1352.  “Johannes...comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst, Cristianus, Johannes et Bernardus filii sui” sold property to “Johanni dicto Punt civi Bremensi”, naming as fiduciaries “Cristianus comes in Oldenborch et Delmenhorst frater nostri...Johannes Coloniensis et Bremensis, Wertslaws Verdensis ecclesiarum canonici ac Otto dicti domini Cristiani comitis filii”, by charter dated 12 Mar 1347[141].  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1351/1352.  

e)         JUTTA von Oldenburg (-bur Hoya St Martin)m (before 1349, Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 6 Mar 1350) as his second wife, GERHARD [II] Graf von Hoya [Niedergrafschaft], son of OTTO [I] Graf von Hoya & his wife Ermengard von Holstein (-1383 before 14 Oct). 

4.         HEILWIG von Oldenburg m (Papal dispensation Orvieto 27 Jun 1297) WERNER von Hadmersleben Herr zu Egeln, son of ---.  1269/1314. 

5.         JUTTA von Oldenburg (-1331 or after).  Canoness at Quedlinburg 1294.  “Otto...comes in Aldenborch” donated property to Kloster Bassum and “matertere nostre domine Sophie abbatisse”, with the consent of “fratris nostri domini Mauritii Bremensis ecclesie canonici...et duorum filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Cristiani”, in compensation for expenses incurred when “duas filias nostras...Juttam...et Agnetem” entered Kloster Quedlinburg, by charter dated 2 Jan 1294, sealed by “fratris nostri domini Mauritii[142]m RUDOLF Herr von Diepholz, son of KONRAD von Diepholz & his wife --- von Rietberg (-after 13 Jul 1335). 

6.         AGNES von Oldenburg (-1334 or after).  Canoness at Quedlinburg 1294.  “Otto...comes in Aldenborch” donated property to Kloster Bassum and “matertere nostre domine Sophie abbatisse”, with the consent of “fratris nostri domini Mauritii Bremensis ecclesie canonici...et duorum filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Cristiani”, in compensation for expenses incurred when “duas filias nostras...Juttam...et Agnetem” entered Kloster Quedlinburg, by charter dated 2 Jan 1294, sealed by “fratris nostri domini Mauritii[143].  Abbess of Bassum.  Giselbert Archbishop of Bremen and “Ger comes de Brochusen” confirmed property of Kloster Bassum and “domina Agnes de Oldenburch Bersensis ecclesie abatissa” by charter dated 25 Jul 1301[144].  “Agnes...abbatissa in Bersen” exchanged property with “awnculis nostris...Gherardo et Ottoni comitibus in Hoya” by charter dated 21 Jan 1302[145]

7.         OTTO von Oldenburg (-before 9 Feb 1341).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral. 

 

 

 

D.      FREIHERREN von ALDENBURG

 

 

ANTON von Aldenburg und Kniphausen, illegitimate son of ANTON GÜNTHER Graf von Oldenburg & his mistress Elisabeth Margareta Ungnad Freiin von Sonnegg (1 Feb 1633-27 Oct 1680).  Legitimated by Imperial Order 16 Mar 1646.  Created Freiherr von Aldenburg und Edler Herr zu Varel by Imperial Order at Vienna 25 Feb 1651.  Created Graf von Aldenburg "Hoch- und Wohlgeboren" by Imperial Order at Regensburg 15 Jul 1653.  Legitimated and created Herzog von Brabant und Lehnsherr von Knyphausen by Spanish Order 7 Apr 1656.  Governor of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst 1667, Herr zu Knyphausen, Varel und Doornweerth.  Created Graf by Danish Order 25 Mar 1671. 

m firstly (27 Apr 1659) AUGUSTE JOHANNA Gräfin zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein, daughter of JOHANN Graf von Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein & his wife --- (12 Apr 1638-15 May 1666). 

m secondly (19 May 1680) CHARLOTTE AMELIE de la Trémoïlle, daughter of HENRI CHARLES de la Trémoïlle Prince de Talmond et di Tarento & his wife Amalie Landgräfin von Hessen-Kassel (3 Jan 1652-21 Jan 1732). 

Anton & his first wife had five children: 

1.         ANTOINETTE AUGUSTA (4 Aug 1660-Amsterdam 15 Jul 1701)m (Laurvig 16 Aug 1677) as his third wife, ULRIK FREDERIK Gyldenløve, illegitimate son of FREDERIK III King of Denmark, King of Norway & his mistress Margarethe Pape (20 Jul 1638-17 Apr 1704).  Field Marshal in the Danish army.  

2.         SOPHIE ELISABETH (18 Dec 1661-1730).  m (1 Feb 1680) FRANZ HEINRICH Graf Freydag Freiherr von Godens, son of --- (-1694).  Imperial Counsellor.  

3.         DOROTHEA JUSTINE (28 Jan 1663-27 Dec 1735).  m (6 Apr 1689) ANTON WOLF Freiherr von Haxthausen zu Thienhausen, son of --- (-19 Nov 1694).  Governor of Oldenburg. 

4.         LUISE CHARLOTTE (3 Feb 1664-12 May 1732).  m firstly (26 Dec 1684) CHRISTOFFER Bielke, son of --- (-13 Aug 1704).  m secondly (1722) GERHARD Graf Dernath, zu Hasselburg in Holstein, son of ---  (-12 Jul 1740). 

5.         WILHELMINE JULIANE (4 May 1665-1746).  m (2 Apr 1689) GEORG ERNST Graf Wedel zu Jarlsberg, son of ---  (-30 Jan 1717).  Governor of Oldenburg. 

child of second marriage: 

6.         ANTON (posthumously 26 Jun 1681-Varel 6 Jun 1738).  Danish Counsellor.  He converted to the Swiss Reformed Church in 1710.  m firstly (15 Jul 1705, divorced 3 Jan 1711) ANNA Freiin zu Inn- und Knyphausen, daughter of KARL FERDINAND Graf von Inn- und Knyphausen, zu Nienoord und Vredewold & his wife --- (23 Aug 1690-29 Mar 1718).  m secondly (Copenhagen 16/26 Apr 1711) WILHELMINE MARIE Pss von Hessen-Homburg, daughter of FRIEDRICH II “mit dem silbernen Bein” Landgraf von Hessen-Homburg zu Hötensleben & his second wife Luise Elisabeth Pss of Courland (Weferlingen 8 Jan 1678-Varel 25 Nov 1770, bur Varel).  Anton & his second wife had one child: 

a)         CHARLOTTE SOPHIE (5 Aug 1715-4 Feb 1800).  From 1738 to 1754 in Knyphausen, Varel und Doornweerth.  m (1 Jun 1733, divorced 1744) WILLEM Graaf van Bentinck, son of --- (-13 Oct 1774). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    GRAFEN von WILDESHAUSEN

 

 

 

HEINRICH [I] [von Oldenburg], son of EGILMAR [II] Graf & his wife Eilika von Rietberg (-1167)The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[146]A charter dated 1167 records the marriage of an unnamed daughter of Graf Heinrich and Wedekind von Stumpenhausen, and specifies that “Heinricus frater Cristiani”, who had married “sororem Heinrici comitis de Gelre” by whom he had “Heinricum et Gerardum postea clericam et filiam quam duxit Wedekindus de Stumpenhusen filius Geronis[147].  The Annales Stadenses records the deaths in 1168 of "Christianus comes de Aldenburg [et] Heinricum frater Christiani"[148]

m SALOME van Gelre, daughter of GERHARD [II] Graaf van Gelre & his wife Ermgard van Zutphen (-before 1194).  The Annales Stadenses refer to the wife of "Heinricum frater Christiani [de Aldenburg]" as "sororem comitis Heinrici de Gelre" but does not name her[149].  A charter dated 1167 records the marriage of an unnamed daughter of Graf Heinrich and Wedekind von Stumpenhausen, and specifies that “Heinricus frater Cristiani”, who had married “sororem Heinrici comitis de Gelre” by whom he had “Heinricum et Gerardum postea clericam et filiam quam duxit Wedekindus de Stumpenhusen filius Geronis[150]

Heinrich [I] & his wife had five children: 

1.         daughter (-1167 or after).  The Annales Stadenses refers to the daughter of "Heinricum et Gherardum postea clericum" as wife of "Wedekindus de Stumpenhausen filius Geronis"[151].  A charter dated 1167 records the marriage of an unnamed daughter of Graf Heinrich and Wedekind von Stumpenhausen, and specifies that “Heinricus frater Cristiani”, who had married “sororem Heinrici comitis de Gelre” by whom he had “Heinricum et Gerardum postea clericam et filiam quam duxit Wedekindus de Stumpenhusen filius Geronis[152]m WIDEKIND Graf von Stumpenhausen, son of GERO & his wife ---.  1144/1181. 

2.         HEINRICH [II] von Wildeshausen (-1198).  The Annales Stadenses names "Heinricum et Gherardum postea clericum" as the sons of "Heinricum frater Christiani [de Aldenburg]" & his wife[153].  A charter dated 1167 records the marriage of an unnamed daughter of Graf Heinrich and Wedekind von Stumpenhausen, and specifies that “Heinricus frater Cristiani”, who had married “sororem Heinrici comitis de Gelre” by whom he had “Heinricum et Gerardum postea clericam et filiam quam duxit Wedekindus de Stumpenhusen filius Geronis[154].  He died on Crusade[155]m BEATRIX von Hallermund, daughter of WILBRAND [I] von Hallermund Graf von Loccum & his wife Beatrix von Rheineck [Salm-Luxembourg] (-after 1194, bur Loccum).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardus, Ludolfus, Wyllebrandus, Adelheydis, Beatrix” as the three sons and two daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, naming in a later passage her four sons as shown below, and adding that she was buried at Loccum[156].  Heinrich [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         HEINRICH [III] von Wildeshausen (-killed in battle near Altenesch 27 May 1234, bur Rastede).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Borchardus et Hinricus duo fratres", specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[157].  Graf von Oldenburg and Vogt von Bassum 1207.  

-        see below

b)         BURCHARD von Wildeshausen (-killed in battle near Hemmelskamp 6 Jul 1233, bur Rastede).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardum, Henricum…Engelmarum…Wilbrandum” as the four sons of “Beatrix soror Adelheydis comitissa”, daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding that Burchard and Heinrich “occisi sunt a Stadinguis[158].  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Borchardus et Hinricus duo fratres", recording that Burchard was killed "in alia expeditione contra Stedincgos in loco…Hemelscampe" and that specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[159].  A charter dated 1203 records that “Burchardus...Aldenburgensis comes” had renounced “advocatiam bonorum prepositure Wildeshusensis[160].  “Burchardus...comes in Oldenborg” renounced “advocatia domus in Bochorst”, with the consent of “uxore nostra Hildegunde et heredibus nostris Henrico, Wilbrando, Ludolpho et Ottone”, by charter dated 8 May 1230[161]m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of ---.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis records that "fratres Hinricus et Borchardus habuerunt duas sorores de Scholis"[162].  “Scholis” has not been identified.  Kohnen speculated that Konrad Graf von Roden was the father of the two sisters, after tracing property holdings and donations to Kloster Marienwerder by both families[163].  “Burchardus...comes in Oldenborg” renounced “advocatia domus in Bochorst”, with the consent of “uxore nostra Hildegunde et heredibus nostris Henrico, Wilbrando, Ludolpho et Ottone”, by charter dated 8 May 1230[164].  1242.  Burchard & his wife had seven children: 

i)          HEINRICH [IV] "Bogenere" zu Wildeshausen (-1270 before 8 Aug, bur Vlotho).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Hinricum cognomina Bogenere" as the son of "Borchardus [comes de Aldenborch]", specifying that he held the counties of "Aldenborg et Thekeneborgh, Wildeshusen, Vlothou"[165].  “Burchardus...comes in Oldenborg” renounced “advocatia domus in Bochorst”, with the consent of “uxore nostra Hildegunde et heredibus nostris Henrico, Wilbrando, Ludolpho et Ottone”, by charter dated 8 May 1230[166].  “Heinricus comitis Burchardi de Aldenburch filius” confirmed the property of “Conradus de Hemenhusen ministerialis noster” by charter dated 1234[167]Heinricus, Ludolfus, Borchardus, Wilbrandus comites de Aldenburg” sold certain property to the bishop of Minden, including property between “parrochia Lo...usque in Saxoniam” which had belonged to “matris comitis Heinrici de Aldenburg nostri nepotis”, by charter dated 1241[168].  "Hinricus…comes de Wildeshusen, E. comitissa", as heirs of the county of Tecklenburg, confirmed donations of property to Rulle convent by charter dated 18 Mar 1253[169]Henricus comes de Aldenburg, Elisabeth comitissa” donated “ecclesiam in Paldorpe” to Kloster Vlotho by charter dated 1258[170]Graf von Tecklenburg 1264/1265.  He inherited the Herrschaft Vlotho [an der Weser] after the death in 1263 of his father-in-law[171]"Otto comes in Benthem et H. comes in Aldenburg, ambo comites in Tekeneborg" donated property to Bersenbrugge convent by charter dated 1264[172]m (before 18 Mar 1253) ELISABETH von Tecklenburg, daughter of OTTO Graf von Tecklenburg & his wife Mechtild von Holstein (-after 22 May 1268).  "Hinricus…comes de Wildeshusen, E. comitissa", as heirs of the county of Tecklenburg, confirmed donations of property to Rulle convent by charter dated 18 Mar 1253[173]Henricus comes de Aldenburg, Elisabeth comitissa” donated “ecclesiam in Paldorpe” to Kloster Vlotho by charter dated 1258[174]Heinrich [IV] & his wife had --- children: 

(a)       sons 1253/1256.  

ii)         SOPHIE von Wildeshausen (-1261 or after, bur Bersenbrück)Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 5 Jan 1246 under which her father-in-law "Otto…comes, Mechtildis comitissa de Tekeneborg" donated property to Bersenbrugge convent, for the souls of "comitis Ottonis de Ravensberge amicissimi nostri, Sophia comitissa relicta ipsius et filia eius Jutta uxor Henrici filii nostri"[175].  A memorial inscription in Bersenbrück church records the burial of "noster fundator comes Otto…Hermanno nato…comitissa Sophia"[176].  Heiress of Vechta: a charter dated 6 May 1283 records that Kloster Bersenbrück sold property donated by nobilis domina Sophia quondam comitissa in Vechta relicta Ottonis quondam comitis de Ravensberg et Jutta filia eorundem de consensu mariti sui Hinrici filii Ottonis quondam comitis de Tekeneburg” to Kloster Leveren[177]m OTTO [II] Graf von Ravensberg in Vechta und Vlotho, son of HERMANN Graf von Ravensberg & his first wife Jutta von Thüringen (-1 Apr 1244). 

iii)        WILBRAND von Wildeshausen (-after 8 May 1230).  “Burchardus...comes in Oldenborg” renounced “advocatia domus in Bochorst”, with the consent of “uxore nostra Hildegunde et heredibus nostris Henrico, Wilbrando, Ludolpho et Ottone”, by charter dated 8 May 1230[178]

iv)       LUDOLF von Wildeshausen (-1271 or after).  “Burchardus...comes in Oldenborg” renounced “advocatia domus in Bochorst”, with the consent of “uxore nostra Hildegunde et heredibus nostris Henrico, Wilbrando, Ludolpho et Ottone”, by charter dated 8 May 1230[179].  Provost at Elsten 1241/1271.  Provost at Utrecht Cathedral 1259. 

v)        OTTO von Wildeshausen (-1261 or after).  “Burchardus...comes in Oldenborg” renounced “advocatia domus in Bochorst”, with the consent of “uxore nostra Hildegunde et heredibus nostris Henrico, Wilbrando, Ludolpho et Ottone”, by charter dated 8 May 1230[180].  Canon at Verden Cathedral 1240.  Provost of St Johann at Minden 1258.  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1260.  

vi)       THOMAS von Wildeshausen (-1273 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1259/1272. 

vii)      GERHARD von Wildeshausen (-1270 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1244/1270. 

c)         EGILMAR von Wildeshausen (-after 29 May 1217).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardum, Henricum…Engelmarum…Wilbrandum” as the four sons of “Beatrix soror Adelheydis comitissa”, daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding that Egilmar was “prepositus in monasterio” (indicating Loccum)[181].  Provost of Friesland 1209/1217.  

d)         WILBRAND von Wildeshausen (-Zwolle 27 Jul 1235, bur Utrecht St Servatius).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardum, Henricum…Engelmarum…Wilbrandum” as the four sons of “Beatrix soror Adelheydis comitissa”, daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding that Wilbrand was the first bishop of Paderborn and later was bishop of Utrecht[182].  Canon at Hildesheim Cathedral 1211, provost [1219/20]/1226.  Bishop of Paderborn 1225/1227.  Administrator of Osnabrück 1226.  Bishop of Utrecht 1227.  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records that "Florencius Hollandie comes" arranged the election of "suo consanguineo domino Wilbrando Paderburnensi pontifice filio comitis de Oldenburch" as Bishop of Utrecht[183]The Kronik van Arent toe Bocop records that "heer Wyllebrant byscop van Paterborne", son of "des grave van Oldenborghe", was installed in 1227 as thirty-fifth bishop of Utrecht[184]

3.         GERHARD von Wildeshausen (-Frankfurt-am-Main 14 Aug 1219).  The Annales Stadenses names "Heinricum et Gherardum postea clericum" as the sons of "Heinricum frater Christiani [de Aldenburg]" & his wife[185].  A charter dated 1167 records the marriage of an unnamed daughter of Graf Heinrich and Wedekind von Stumpenhausen, and specifies that “Heinricus frater Cristiani”, who had married “sororem Heinrici comitis de Gelre” by whom he had “Heinricum et Gerardum postea clericam et filiam quam duxit Wedekindus de Stumpenhusen filius Geronis[186].  Provost at Wildeshausen 1190.  Elected Bishop of Osnabrück 1191/93, installed 1194.  “Gerhardus...Osnab. episcopus” confirmed donations made to Kloster Wildeshausen by “domina Salome comitissa de Oldenborg et filius eius Christianus...comitem Mauricium premortuum”, appointing fiduciaries on behalf of “Ottone domicello adhuc infantulo”, by charter dated 1209[187].  Archbishop of Bremen 1210.  

4.         OTTO von Wildeshausen (-11 Mar 1218).  Provost at Bremen Cathedral 1193.  Bishop of Münster 1204.  

5.         BEATRIX  von Wildeshausen (-1224 or after).  Abbess of Bassum.   “Comes Mauritius de Aldenburg” sold property to Kloster Bassum “cognatæ meæ Beatrici abbatissæ Bersensi”, when “filiam meam parvulam Salome” entered the monastery, with the consent of “uxore mea Salome et filiis...Christiano et Ottone...et filiabus meis Hathewige, Cunigunde, Salome et Oda”, by charter dated to before 1209[188].  Her precise parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1208 under which [her brother] Gerhard Bishop of Osnabrück named “sororem nostram Beatricem Bersensis ecclesia abbatissam[189]

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not been identified, unless otherwise specified below. 

 

HEINRICH [III] von Wildeshausen, son of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Beatrix von Hallermund (-killed in battle near Altenesch 27 May 1234, bur Rastede).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Borchardus et Hinricus duo fratres", specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[190].  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardum, Henricum…Engelmarum…Wilbrandum” as the four sons of “Beatrix soror Adelheydis comitissa”, daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding that Burchard and Heinrich “occisi sunt a Stadinguis[191].  Graf von Oldenburg and Vogt von Bassum 1207.  

m ERMENTRUD, daughter of ---.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis records that "fratres Hinricus et Borchardus habuerunt duas sorores de Scholis"[192].  “Scholis” has not been identified.  Kohnen speculated that Konrad Graf von Roden was the father of the two sisters, after tracing property holdings and donations to Kloster Marienwerder by both families[193].  “Heynricus comes de Aldenburg et Ermendrudis uxor eius” donated property to Kloster Loccum by charter dated Jul 1222[194].  1234. 

Heinrich [III] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         HEINRICH [V] von Wildeshausen (-1278 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Ludolphum et Hinricum" as sons of "Hinricus comes de Aldenborch"[195]Heinricus, Ludolfus, Borchardus, Wilbrandus comites de Aldenburg” sold certain property to the bishop of Minden, including property between “parrochia Lo...usque in Saxoniam” which had belonged to “matris comitis Heinrici de Aldenburg nostri nepotis”, by charter dated 1241[196].  “Heinricus et Ludolphus comites in Oldenborch” donated property to Kloster Wildhausen, in memory of “patris nostri Heynrici comitis de Oldenborch a Stethingis occisi...et bone memorie Matris nostre Ermendrudis”, by charter dated 1256[197].  "Henricus comes de Aldenborch, Elizabeth comitissa" founded Vlotho monastery by charter dated 16 Mar 1258[198].  Graf in Neu-Bruchhausen.  m (Papal dispensation Lyon 11 May 1249) ERMENGARD [Elisabeth] von Hoya, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Hoya & his first wife --- (-after 11 Nov 1278).  Pope Innocent IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of “H. junior comes de Aldeburg.” and “natam...comitis in Hoya dictum Henr”, despite “quarta consanguinitatis linea”, dated 11 May 1249[199].  The precise family relationship between the couple has not been ascertained.  "Henricus comes de Aldenborch, Elizabeth comitissa" founded Vlotho monastery by charter dated 16 Mar 1258[200].  “Ermengardis...cometessa de Oldenburg” mortgaged “advocatiam domus...in Bersen” to Kloster Bassum, with the consent of “patris nostri Henrici comitis de Hoya et fratrum nostrorum domini Henrici canonici Mindensis, domini Gerhardi canonici Bremensis, et Johannis comitis...et filiorum nostrorum...Wilbrandi et Gerhardi puerorum”, in memory of “filii nostri Lothewici defuncti”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1278[201].  Heinrich [V] & his wife had three children: 

a)         LUDWIG von Wildeshausen (-[6 Jun 1277/11 Nov 1278]).  “Ermengardis...cometessa de Oldenburg” mortgaged “advocatiam domus...in Bersen” to Kloster Bassum, with the consent of “patris nostri Henrici comitis de Hoya et fratrum nostrorum domini Henrici canonici Mindensis, domini Gerhardi canonici Bremensis, et Johannis comitis...et filiorum nostrorum...Wilbrandi et Gerhardi puerorum”, in memory of “filii nostri Lothewici defuncti”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1278[202]

b)         WILBRAND "von Hallermund" .  “Ermengardis...cometessa de Oldenburg” mortgaged “advocatiam domus...in Bersen” to Kloster Bassum, with the consent of “patris nostri Henrici comitis de Hoya et fratrum nostrorum domini Henrici canonici Mindensis, domini Gerhardi canonici Bremensis, et Johannis comitis...et filiorum nostrorum...Wilbrandi et Gerhardi puerorum”, in memory of “filii nostri Lothewici defuncti”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1278[203].  1292. 

c)         GERHARD [I] "von Hallermund" (-after 8 Sep 1310).  “Ermengardis...cometessa de Oldenburg” mortgaged “advocatiam domus...in Bersen” to Kloster Bassum, with the consent of “patris nostri Henrici comitis de Hoya et fratrum nostrorum domini Henrici canonici Mindensis, domini Gerhardi canonici Bremensis, et Johannis comitis...et filiorum nostrorum...Wilbrandi et Gerhardi puerorum”, in memory of “filii nostri Lothewici defuncti”, by charter dated 11 Nov 1278[204]m GISELA, daughter of --- (-after 14 Oct 1362).  Gerhard [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          HEINRICH [VI] von Wildeshausen (-[5 Jun 1359/11 Oct 1362).  Graf in Neu-Bruchhausen.  m LYSE, daughter of --- & his wife Gisela ---.  Heinrich [VI] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GERHARD [II] von Wildeshausen (-killed in battle near Winsen 28 May 1388).  He sold Neu-Bruchhausen for 2000 Mark Pfennige 1 Jul 1384 to Otto Graf von Hoya[205]

(b)       KONRAD von Wildeshausen (-killed in battle near Koldewerf 20 Aug 1368).  m ---.  Konrad & his wife had [one possible child]: 

(1)       [CURT .  1387.] 

(c)       GISELA von Wildeshausen .  Abbess of Bassum 1374/1376. 

2.         LUDOLF von Wildeshausen (-after 24 Jul 1278).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Ludolphum et Hinricum" as sons of "Hinricus comes de Aldenborch"[206]Graf von OldenburgHeinricus, Ludolfus, Borchardus, Wilbrandus comites de Aldenburg” sold certain property to the bishop of Minden, including property between “parrochia Lo...usque in Saxoniam” which had belonged to “matris comitis Heinrici de Aldenburg nostri nepotis”, by charter dated 1241[207].  “Heinricus et Ludolphus comites in Oldenborch” donated property to Kloster Wildhausen, in memory of “patris nostri Heynrici comitis de Oldenborch a Stethingis occisi...et bone memorie Matris nostre Ermendrudis”, by charter dated 1256[208].  “Ludolfus...comes in Aldenborch...cum uxore nostra domina Hathewige comitissa et Hildeboldo filio nostro” renounced property in favour of Kloster Rastede by charter dated 7 Apr 1272, witnessed by “domino Cerstiano comite in Aldenborch et Ottone fratre suo, Thoma comite ibidem, nepotibus nostris[209].  “Ludolfus...comes in Aldenburg” donated property to Kloster Bassum, with the consent of “Hildeboldi filii nostri”, by charter dated 1 Jul 1274[210].  “Borchardus...comes de Welpa” and [his son] “Hildeboldus domicellus de Oldenburg...filio sororis nostre” donated “advocatiam domus nostre in Nyenstede”, naming “comiti Ludolfo de Oldenburg”, by charter dated 24 Jul 1278[211]m HEDWIG von Wölpe, daughter of KONRAD Graf von Wölpe & his wife --- von Roden (-after 24 Jul 1278).  “Ludolfus...comes in Aldenborch...cum uxore nostra domina Hathewige comitissa et Hildeboldo filio nostro” renounced property in favour of Kloster Rastede by charter dated 7 Apr 1272[212].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 24 Jul 1278 under which [her brother] “Borchardus...comes de Welpa” and [her son] “Hildeboldus domicellus de Oldenburg...filio sororis nostre” donated “advocatiam domus nostre in Nyenstede[213].  Ludolf & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         HILDEBOLD [I] von Wildeshausen (-after 8 Sep 1310).  “Ludolfus...comes in Aldenborch...cum uxore nostra domina Hathewige comitissa et Hildeboldo filio nostro” renounced property in favour of Kloster Rastede by charter dated 7 Apr 1272[214].  “Ludolfus...comes in Aldenburg” donated property to Kloster Bassum, with the consent of “Hildeboldi filii nostri”, by charter dated 1 Jul 1274[215].  “Borchardus...comes de Welpa” and [his son] “Hildeboldus domicellus de Oldenburg...filio sororis nostre” donated “advocatiam domus nostre in Nyenstede” by charter dated 24 Jul 1278[216]Graf von Oldenburg.  “Hilleboldus comes in Aldenburgh” complained that the people of Vechta had robbed Goldenstedt by charter dated 11 Nov 1284[217]m SOPHIE von Ravensburg, daughter of OTTO [III] Graf von Ravensberg & his wife Hedwig zur Lippe (-1328 or after).  "Otto comes, Hattewige comitissa in Ravensberghe" issued a charter dated 17 Nov 1275 for Rule monastery, with the consent of "heredibus nostris Hermanno…et Ottone, Lothewico et Bernardo et filiabus Sophia et Alheide"[218].  "Ludewich lantgreue van Hessen" agreed terms of his future succession in "der herrschaft zu Rauensberg" with "Bernharde greuen zu Rauensberch", with the consent of "unse…motderen Sophien van Brochusen, unde Hedwige van Sweden, unde…die edelen vrauwen Margareten de…greuen Otten eliche wyff was", by charter dated 3 Apr 1338[219].  "Comes Hildeboldus de Brochusen uxori sue domine Sophie" agreed her dower lands by undated charter[220].  Hildebold [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          OTTO von Wildeshausen (-after 24 Sep 1360).  m (before 11 Jul 1306) ODA, daughter of --- (-after 1354).  

ii)         HEDWIG von Wildeshausen (-1348 or after).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated to [1310] under which [her husband] “Christianus comes in Oldenborch” notified an exchange of properties with “sororius noster Otto domicellus de Brochusen[221]m CHRISTIAN [VII] Graf von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [II] Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg & his first wife Elisabeth von Braunschweig (-after 29 May 1323). 

iii)        LUDWIG von Wildeshausen .  1321. 

b)         BURCHARD von Wildeshausen (-after 11 Mar 1300).  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1300.  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1296. 

c)         [LUDOLF .  Graf 1293, nobilis 1301.] 

3.         BURCHARD von WildeshausenHeinricus, Ludolfus, Borchardus, Wilbrandus comites de Aldenburg” sold certain property to the bishop of Minden, including property between “parrochia Lo...usque in Saxoniam” which had belonged to “matris comitis Heinrici de Aldenburg nostri nepotis”, by charter dated 1241[222].  Canon at Verden Cathedral 1241/1262. 

4.         WILBRAND von Wildeshausen (-after 1241).  Heinricus, Ludolfus, Borchardus, Wilbrandus comites de Aldenburg” sold certain property to the bishop of Minden, including property between “parrochia Lo...usque in Saxoniam” which had belonged to “matris comitis Heinrici de Aldenburg nostri nepotis”, by charter dated 1241[223]

5.         [RUDOLFEuropäische Stammtafeln[224] shows Rudolf as the possible son of Graf Heinrich [III] or of the latter's brother Graf Burchard.  Graf 1252.] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    GRAFEN von STOTEL

 

 

1.         GEBHARD von Stotel (-after 1202).  Herr von Stotel.  “...Dominus Gevehardus de Stotle...” witnessed the charter dated 18 Jan 1181 under which Siegfried Archbishop of Bremen sold “desertum...Ouernigelant[225].  “...Gevehardus de Stotle et filius eius Rodolfus...” witnessed the charter dated 1202 under which Hartwig Archbishop of Bremen donated property to Kloster Osterholz[226]m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Gebhard’s wife has not been identified.  Gebhard & his wife had one child: 

a)         RUDOLF [von Stotel] (-after 1236).  “...Gevehardus de Stotle et filius eius Rodolfus...” witnessed the charter dated 1202 under which Hartwig Archbishop of Bremen donated property to Kloster Osterholz[227].  Herr von Stotel.  “...Dominus Rodolfus de Stotle” witnessed the charter dated 1217 which records a treaty between Gerhard Archbishop of Bremen and the town of Bremen[228].  He is named as father of Gerbert in the charters dated 1234 and 1236 quoted below, which indicate that he was still alive at that time.  m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name and family origin of Rudolf’s wife has not been identified.  However, the inclusion of Gerbert von Versfleth in the following charter suggests a close family relationship.  Maybe he was the donor’s maternal grandfather or uncle.  “Gherbertus comes de Stotle” donated property “in villa Hamberge...” to Kloster Liliendale, for the souls of “patris et matris meæ et dom. Gerberti de Versflite”, with the support of “Rudolfi patris mei”, by charter dated 1234[229].  Rudolf & his wife had two children: 

i)          GERBERT von Stotel (-after 1267)Graf von Stotel.  “Gherbertus comes de Stotle” donated property “in villa Hamberge...” to Kloster Liliendale, for the souls of “patris et matris meæ et dom. Gerberti de Versflite”, with the support of “Rudolfi patris mei”, by charter dated 1234[230].  “Gherbertus comes de Stotle” donated property “in Hynnebeke...” to Kloster Liliendale, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris, fratrisque mei defuncti, nomine Rodolfi”, by charter dated 1236, sealed with the seal of “patris mei Rodolfi cuius usum tunc temporis habui[231].  “Gerebertus...comes de Stoltenbroke” sold “curtem Boclo” to “comiti Ottoni de Ravensberghe et uxori sue S. comitisse”, with the consent of “soceri nostri comitis Ottonis de Oldenborgh et...uxoris nostre S. cometisse”, by charter dated 1242[232].  “Gherbertus comes de Stotle” donated property “in Stendorpe” to Kloster Liliendale by charter dated 1248[233].  “Gerbertus comes de Stotle...” witnessed the charter dated 19 Apr 1254 under which Johann Graf von Oldenburg renewed a treaty[234]m (before 1242, Papal dispensation 4o Lyon 7 Jul 1248) SALOME von Oldenburg, daughter of OTTO [I] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Mechtild von Woldenburg (-after 1266).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1242 under which [her husband] “Gerebertus...comes de Stoltenbroke” sold “curtem Boclo” to “comiti Ottoni de Ravensberghe et uxori sue S. comitisse”, with the consent of “soceri nostri comitis Ottonis de Oldenborgh et...uxoris nostre S. cometisse[235]

ii)         RUDOLF von Stotel (-before 1236).  “Gherbertus comes de Stotle” donated property “in Hynnebeke...” to Kloster Liliendale, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris, fratrisque mei defuncti, nomine Rodolfi”, by charter dated 1236, sealed with the seal of “patris mei Rodolfi cuius usum tunc temporis habui[236]

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    GRAFEN von OSTFRIESLAND

 

 

 

1.         ULRICH [I] Tzyerza, son of ENNO [II] Edzardisna & his second wife Gela von Manslagt (-25/26 Sep 1466, bur Kloster Marienthal).  His paternal ancestral family is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[237].  Graf zu einer Grafschaft in Norden, Emden in Ostfriesland by Imperial order at Vienna 1 Oct 1464.  Graf zu Ostfrieslandm firstly FOLKE von Esens, daughter of WIBET von Esens & his wife --- (-after [1440/42]).  m secondly (Berum 27 May 1453, Papal dispensation 4o 14 Dec 1454) THEDA Ukena, daughter of UKO Ukena & his wife --- (-Greeteil 16 Sep 1494, bur Kloster Marienthal).  Ulrich & his second wife had children: 

a)         HEBA (18 Nov 1457-1476, bur Kloster Marienthal in Norden, transferred 1548 to Emden Grosse Kirche)m (contract 13 Sep 1475, 1476 before 25 Jul) ERICH Graf von Holstein-Schaumburg, son of OTTO II Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg & his wife Elisabeth von Honstein ([1420/21]-25 Mar 1492, bur Stadthagen Franciscan Kloster). 

b)         GELA (9 Feb 1458-1492, bur Kloster Marienthal, transferred 1548 to Emden Große Kirche). 

c)         ENNO (1 Jul 1460-drowned Friedeburg 19 Feb 1492, bur Kloster Marienthal, transferred 1548 to Emden Große Kirche).  Co-regent 1481. 

d)         EDZARD (Greetsiel 15 Jan 1462-Emden 16 Feb 1528, bur Kloster Marienthal, transferred 1548 to Emden Große Kirche).  He succeeded his father as EDZARD I “der Große” Graf zu Ostfriesland

-        see below

e)         UKO (1 Apr 1464-Aurich 10 Jul 1507, bur Kloster Marienthal, transferred 1548 to Emden grosse Kirche).  m ELWID, daughter of --- & his wife Elwid von Pollmann.  Uko & his wife had one child: 

i)          MOETKE (-after 1593).  Freifrau von Heisfelde.  m JOEST von Diepholz, son of ---. 

f)          ALMUTH (Greetsiel 1465-Greetsiel 1522, bur Kloster Marienthal, transferred to Emden Große Kirche).  She was kidnapped by her future husband.  She died in prison.  m (1490) ENGELMANN von Horstall, son of ---. 

 

 

EDZARD von Ostfriesland, son of ULRICH I Graf zu Ostfriesland & his second wife Theda Ukena (Greetsiel 15 Jan 1462-Emden 16 Feb 1528, bur Kloster Marienthal, transferred 1548 to Emden Große Kirche).  He succeeded in 1492 as EDZARD I “der Grosse” Graf zu Ostfriesland. 

m (8 Jul 1498) ELISABETH von Rietburg, daughter of JOHANN I Graf von Rietburg & his wife --- (-Emden 13 Jul 1512, bur Kloster Marienthal, transferred 1548 to Emden Große Kirche).  Edzard & his wife had children:

Edzard I & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ULRICH (1499-Hasselt 1532). 

2.         MARGARETA (1530-Altwildungen 5 Jul 1537, bur Wildungen Stadtkirche)m (contract Osnabrück 2 Apr 1522, Emden 17 Feb 1523) PHILIPP IV Graf von Waldeck, son of --- (-30 Nov 1574). 

3.         THEDA (1500-1563, bur Emden Große Kiche).  Nun at Marienthal in Norden. 

4.         ENNO (1505-Emden 24 Sep 1540, bur Emden Große Kirche).  He succeeded his father in 1528 as ENNO I Graf zu Ostfriesland

-        see below.   

5.         JOHANN “der älterere” (-6 Jun 1572)Graf zu Ostfriesland 1538.  m (Brussels 11 Nov 1539) DOROTHEA von Oesterreich, illegitimate daughter of Emperor MAXIMILIAN I & his mistress ---.  Heiress of Falkenburg, Durbuy and Dalem.  Emmius records the marriage arranged in Brussels “ante Eidus Novemb.” 1539 between “comiti Ennoni...fratre Ioanne” and “Dorotheæ” whose dowry was “Durbuyum oppidum...in finibus Lucelburgi principatus...Falcoburgii et Dalæ præfectura in ulteriore ripa Mosæ[238].  Beninga records the marriage in 1539 of “Graven Johan tho Oostfreeslant” and “Dorothea van Ostenryck, Keyser Maximilians natuerliche dochter[239].  No reliable indication has been found about the identity of Dorothea’s mother.  Johann & his wife had two children: 

a)         MAXIMILIAN (Emden 1542-1600).  Comte de Durbuy.  m (14 Sep 1564) BARBE de Lalaing, daughter of PHILIPPE de Lalaing Comte d’Hoogstraeten, Baron d’Escornaix & his wife ---.  Maximilian & his wife had three children: 

i)          DOROTHEA ([1567/68]-1604)m (before 11 Apr 1592) JAKOB t’Serclaes, son of --- (-Tilly 11 Oct 1624).  Graaf van Tilly 1622. 

ii)         WERNER ALEXANDER (-1633).  Seigneur de Durbuy.  m as her second husband, JEANNE de Mérode-Houffalize Dame de Nalinnes, widow of ROBERT d’Argenteau Seigneur d’Ochain, daughter of JEAN de Mérode Baron de Morialmé & his wife --- (-before 1 Sep 1637). 

iii)        LUISE (Sep 1576-25 Oct 1607)m (before 5 May 1601) EVERARD de Barbançon Vicomte de Dave, Seigneur de Villemont, son of --- (-31 Dec 1608, bur Soy). 

Maximilian had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

iv)        MARIA m (Heeswijck 8 Jul 1620) HENDRIK van den Bergh Heer van Bericum, illegitimate son of --- (-before 1633). 

b)         ANNAm JOST van Bronckhorst, son of --- (-killed in battle near Wachtendonk 1589).  Graaf van Gronsfeld en Limburg 1588. 

6.         ANNA (-Berum 1530, bur 1548 Emden Große Kirche). 

7.         ARMGARD (-Leerort 1559, bur Emden Große Kirche). 

 

 

ENNO von Ostfriesland, son of EDZARD I “der Grosse” Graf zu Ostfriesland & his wife Elisabeth von Rietberg (1505-Emden 24 Sep 1540, bur Emden Große Kirche).  He succeeded his father in 1528 as ENNO I Graf zu Ostfriesland

m (Oldenburg 7 Mar 1530) ANNA von Oldenburg-Delmenhorst, daughter of JOHANN [V] Graf von Oldenburg-Delmenhorst & his wife Anna von Anhalt (14 Nov 1501-Greetziel 10 Nov 1575).  Regent 1542-1558, 1561. 

Enno II & his wife had six children:

1.         ELISABETH (10 Jan 1531-5/6 Sep 1558, bur Möllenbeck)m (Aurich 23 May 1555) JOHANN Graf von Holstein-Schaumburg, son of JOBST I Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg & his wife Maria von Nassau-Dillenburg (before 25 Nov 1512-Bückeburg 10 Jan 1560, bur Möllenbeck). 

2.         EDZARD (24 Jun 1532-Aurich 27 Feb or 1 Mar 1599, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded in 1558 as EDZARD II Graf von Ostfrieslandm (Stockholm 1 Oct 1559) KATHARINA Pss of Sweden, daughter of GUSTAF I King of Sweden & his second wife Margareta Eriksdotter [Leijonhufvud] (6 Jun 1539-Berum 21 Dec 1610, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Edzard II & his wife had eleven children: 

a)         MARGARETA (Schloß Westerås 22 Nov 1560-Aurich 10 Sep 1588, bur Emden Große Kirche). 

b)         ANNA (Aurich 26/28 Jun 1562-Neuhaus am Elbe, Bohemia 27 Apr 1621, bur Heidelberg Heiliggeistkirche)m firstly (Heidelberg 12 Aug 1583) as his second wife, LUDWIG VI Elector Palatine, son of FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Simmern [later Pfalzgraf von Simmern, and later FRIEDRICH III Elector Palatine] & his first wife Maria Markgräfin von Brandenburg-Bayreuth (Simmern 4 Jul 1539-Heidelberg 12 Oct 1583, bur Heidelberg).  m secondly (post-nuptial contract Carlsburg bei Durlach 17 Nov 1585) ERNST FRIEDRICH Markgraf von Baden-Durlach, son of KARL II Markgräfin von Baden-Durlach & his second wife Anna Pfalzgräfin von Veldenz (Mühlburg 17 Oct 1560-Remchingen 14/24 Apr 1604, bur Pforzheim Schloßkirche).  m thirdly (Graben bei Karlsruhe or Grabow, Mecklenburg 7 Mar 1617) as his first wife, JULIUS HEINRICH von Sachsen-Lauenburg, son of FRANZ II Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his second wife Marie von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (Wolfenbüttel 9 Apr 1586-Prague 20 Nov 1665, bur Schlakenwerth Gruftkapelle).  He succeeded in 1656 as JULIUS HEINRICH Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg

c)         ENNO (30 Sep 1563-Leerort 19 Aug 1625, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded his father in 1599 as ENNO III Graf von Ostfriesland

-        see below.   

d)         GUSTAV (1565-1608). 

e)         JOHANN (1566-23 Jan 1625, bur Kloster Rietberg).  Graf von Rietberg, de iure uxorism (Rietberg 4 Sep 1601) his niece, SABINA KATHARINA von Ostfriesland Gräfin von Rietberg, daughter of ENNO III Graf von Ostfriesland & his first wife Walpurgis von Rietberg (Esens 1582-31 May 1618, bur Kloster Rietberg).  Johann & his wife had children: 

-        GRAFEN von RIETBERG[240]

f)          CHRISTOPH (1569-Luxembourg 1636).  Canon at Magdeburg 1597/1599.  Herr zu Rumpst und Spontin.  m ([13 Aug 1613]) as her second husband, LAMBERTINE de Ligne, widow of PHILIBERT de la Baume Marquis de Saint-Martin, daughter of LAMORAL [I] Prince de Ligne & his wife --- (22 Jun 1593-14 Feb 1651, bur Spontin).  She married thirdly (contract Spontin 7 Feb 1640) Jean Baptiste de la Baume Marquis de Saint-Martin

g)         EDZARD (1571-1572). 

h)         ELISABETH (b and d 1573). 

i)          SOPHIA (5 Jun 1574-Pewsum 20 Mar 1630, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

j)          KARL OTTO (1577-Znaim 28 Feb 1603, bur Anrich St Lamberti). 

k)         MARIE (25 Apr 1582-Dannenberg 9 Jul 1616, bur Dannenberg St Johannis)m (Dannenberg 25 Apr 1613) as his first wife, JULIUS ERNST Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Dannenberg, son of HEINRICH Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Dannenberg & his wife Ursula von Sachsen-Lauenburg (Dannenberg 10 Mar 1571-Dannenberg 26 Oct 1636, bur Dannenberg St Johannes). 

3.         ANNA (3 Jan 1534-Heidelberg 20 May 1552, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

4.         HEDWIG Gräfin von Ostfriesland (29 Jun 1535-Harburg 4 Dec 1616, bur Harburg Stadtkirche)m (contract 3 Oct 1562, 8 Nov 1562) as his second wife, OTTO "der Jüngere" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Harburg, son of OTTO I "der Ältere" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Harburg & his wife Meta van Campe (Celle 5 Sep 1528-20 Oct 1603, bur Harburg Franciscan church). 

5.         CHRISTOFFER (8 Oct 1536-Ungarn an der Ruhr 13 Sep 1566, bur Emden Große Kirche).  Co-regent 1561.  Canon at Bremen. 

6.         JOHANN [II] “der Mittlere” (20 Sep 1538-Stickhausen 29 Sep 1591, bur Emden Große Kirche).  Co-regent 1566-1591. 

 

 

ENNO von Ostfriesland, son of EDZARD II Graf von Ostfriesland & his wife Katharina Pss of Sweden (30 Sep 1563-Leerort 19 Aug 1625, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded his father in 1599 as ENNO II Graf von Ostfriesland

m firstly (contract 1 May 1577, Esens 19 Jan 1581) WALBURGIS Gräfin von Rietberg, daughter of JOHANN II Graf von Rietberg & his wife --- ([1555/56]-Esens 26 May 1586, bur Esens Magnuskirche).  Heiress of Harlin-Gerlandes 1576.  Frau von Esens, Stedesdorf und Wittmund 1584/86. 

m secondly (Esens 25 Jun 1598) ANNA von Holstein-Gottorp, daughter of ADOLF Herzog von Holstein-Gottorp & his wife Christina von Hessen (27 Feb 1575-Leerort 14 Apr 1610, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

Enno III & his first wife had three children:

1.         SABINA KATHARINA (Esens 1582-31 May 1618, bur Kloster Rietberg).  Gräfin von Rietberg.  m (Rietberg 4 Sep 1601) her uncle, JOHANN Graf von Ostfriesland, son of EDZARD II Graf von Ostfriesland & his wife Katharina Pss of Sweden (1566-23 Jan 1625, bur Kloster Rietberg).  Graf von Rietberg, de iure uxoris

2.         AGNES (1 Jan 1584-24 Jan 1616)m ([15 Aug 1603]) GUNDACKER Graf von und zu Liechtenstein, son of --- (5 Aug 1658).  He was created Fürst von und zu Liechtenstein 1623. 

3.         JOHANN EDZARD (Esens 10 May 1586-20 May 1586, bur Esens). 

Enno III & his second wife had five children: 

4.         EDZARD ADOLF (Aurich 15 Apr 1599-18/19 Apr 1612, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

5.         CHRISTINA SOPHIE (Aurich 26 Apr 1600-Frankfurt-am-Main 30 Mar 1658, bur Butzbach Stadtkirche)m (Aurich 2 Jun 1632) as his second wife, PHILIPP Landgraf von Hessen zu Butzbach, son of GEORG I “der Fromme” Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt & his first wife Magdalene Gräfin zur Lippe (Darmstadt 26 Dec 1581-Butzbach 28 Apr 1643, bur Darmstadt Stadtkirche). 

6.         ANNA MARIE (23 Jun 1601-5 Feb 1634, bur Doberan)m (Vörde 4 Sep 1622) as his first wife, ADOLF FRIEDRICH I Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, son of JOHANN VII Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin & his wife Sophie von Holstein-Gottorp (Schwerin 15 Dec 1588-Schwerin 27 Feb 1658, bur Doberan). 

7.         RUDOLF CHRISTIAN (chr 25 Jun 1602-killed in battle Berum 17 Apr 1628, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded his father in 1625 as RUDOLF CHRISTIAN Graf von OstfrieslandMistress (1)KATHARINA Borgelken, daughter of ---.  Rudolf Christian had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

a)         JOHANN FRIEDRICH Freesem ARMGARD von Folkenstein, daughter of JOHANN von Folkenstein & his wife ---. 

8.         ULRICH (6 Jul 1605-Aurich 1 Nov 1648, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded his brother in 1628 as ULRICH II Graf von Ostfrieslandm (Aurich 5 Mar 1631) JULIANE Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt, daughter of LUDWIG V Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt & his wife Magdalene von Brandenburg (Darmstadt 14 Apr 1606-Haus Westerhof bei Osterrode am Harz 15 Jan 1659, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Ulrich II & his wife had four children: 

a)         son (b and d Aurich Oct 1631). 

b)         ENNO LUDWIG (Aurich 20 Oct 1632-Aurich 4 Apr 1660, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded his father in 1648 as ENNO LUDWIG Graf von Ostfriesland.  He was created Fürst von Ostfriesland by Imperial order at Regensburg 22 Apr 1654.  He died after falling from his horse[241]m (Aurich 7 Nov 1656) JUSTINE SOPHIE Gräfin von Barby, daughter of ALBRECHT FRIEDRICH Graf von Barby & his wife --- (-Rudolstadt 14 Apr 1636-Berum 12 Aug 1677, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Enno Ludwig & his wife had two children: 

i)          JULIANE LUISE (Aurich 16 Nov 1657-Hamburg 29/30 Oct 1715, bur Hamburg Ohlsdorfer Friedhof).  She and her sister were elevated to the Reichsfürstenstand by Imperial order at Vienna 16 Oct 1669.  m JOACHIM Morneweck, son of --- (-Hamburg 1730).  Preacher at Hamburg. 

ii)         SOPHIE WILHELMINE (Aurich 17 Oct 1659-Bernstadt 4 Feb 1698, bur Oels St Johannis).  She and her sister were elevated to the Reichsfürstenstand by Imperial order at Vienna 16 Oct 1669.  m (Hamburg 7 Dec 1695) as his third wife, CHRISTIAN ULRICH I Herzog von Württemberg-Bernstadt zu Oels, son of SILVIUS I NIMROD Herzog von Württemberg- Oels & his wife Elisabeth Marie von Münsterberg-Oels (Oels 9/19 Apr 1652-Oels 5 Apr 1704). 

c)         GEORG CHRISTIAN (Aurich 6 Feb 1634-Aurich 6 Jun 1665).  He succeeded his brother in 1660 as GEORG CHRISTIAN Graf von Ostfriesland.  He was created Fürst von Ostfriesland by Imperial order at Regensburg 18 Apr 1662. 

-        see below

d)         EDZARD FERDINAND (Aurich 12 Jul 1635-Norden 1 Jan 1668, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Regent of Ostfriesland 1665.  m (Norden 22 Jul 1665) ANNA DOROTHEA Gräfin von Criechingen, daughter and heiress of ALBERT LUDWIG Graf von Criechingen & his wife --- (-Norden 10 May 1705, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Edzard Ferdinand & his wife had two children: 

i)          EDZARD EBERHARD (Norden 28 Aug 1666-Vienna 25 Jun 1707).  m SOPHIE MARIE Folten, daughter of --- (-bur Bremen Cathedral before 4 Sep 1704).  Chambermaid at the princely court. 

ii)         FRIEDRICH ULRICH (Norden 1 Jan 1668-Norden 12 Mar 1710).  Graf von Ostfriesland in Criechingen und Püttlingen.  Lieutenant-General of Cavalry in the British army.  m (contract 8 Apr 1708) his first cousin, MARIE CHARLOTTE Gräfin von Ostfriesland, daughter of GEORG CHRISTIAN Fürst von Ostfriesland & his wife --- (Aurich 10 Apr 1680-Dierdorf 9 Dec 1761).  Friedrich Ulrich & his wife had one child: 

(1)       CHRISTIANE LUISE (Norden 1 Feb 1710-12 May 1732).  Heiress of Criechingen, Saarwellingen, Rollingen.  m (contract 24 Jul 1724, Aurich 14 Aug 1726) JOHANN LUDWIG ADOLF Graf zu Wied in Runkel, son of --- (-18 May 1762). 

Enno III had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

9.          ANNA [Anneken] .  m firstly (1614) DIDERICH Rolfe [Drost zu Friedeburg], son of ---.  m secondly ALBERT von Lion, son of ---. 

 

 

GEORG CHRISTIAN Graf von Ostfriesland, son of ULRICH II Graf von Ostfriesland & his wife Juliane Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt (Aurich 6 Feb 1634-Aurich 6 Jun 1665).  He succeeded his brother in 1660 as GEORG CHRISTIAN Graf von Ostfriesland.  He was created Fürst von Ostfriesland by Imperial order at Regensburg 18 Apr 1662. 

m (Stuttgart 4/14 May 1662) CHRISTINE CHARLOTTE Herzogin von Württemberg, daughter of EBERHARD III Herzog von Württemberg & his first wife Anna Katharina Wild- und Rheingräfin von Salm-Kyrburg (Stuttgart 21 Oct 1645-Bruchhausen-Vilsen 16 May 1699, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Regent of Ostfriesland 1665-1690. 

Georg Christian & his wife had three children: 

1.         EBERHARDINE SOPHIE CHRISTIANE (Aurich 25 Mar 1663-Aurich 10 Jul 1664, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

2.         JULIANE CHARLOTTE (Aurich 3 Jan 1664-Aurich 3 Jun 1666, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

3.         CHRISTIAN EBERHARD (posthumously Esens 1 Oct 1665-Aurich 30 Jun 1708, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded in 1690 as CHRISTIAN EBERHARD Fürst von Ostfriesland.  Emperor Leopold I granted the right to Ostfriesland to Friedrich III Elector of Brandenburg if the princely line failed[242]m firstly (Bayreuth 3 May 1685) EBERHARDINE SOPHIE Pss zu Oettingen, daughter of ALBRECHT ERNST I Fürst von Oettingen & his wife --- (Oettingen 16 Aug 1686-Aurich 30 Oct 1700, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  m secondly (Berum 2 Sep 1701) ANNA JULIANE von Kleinau Frau zu Sandhorst, daughter of HEINRICH von Kleinau & his wife Sophie Klara von der Osten (Strelitz 29 Sep 1674-Aurich 23 Sep 1727, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Christian Eberhard & his first wife had twelve children: 

a)         daughter (b and d Bayreuth 30 Jan 1686). 

b)         LEOPOLD IGNATIUS (Vienna 10 Feb 1687-Vienna 11 Jul 1687, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

c)         CHRISTINE SOPHIE (Bayreuth 15 Mar 1688-Rudolstadt 31 Mar 1750, bur Schwarzburg)m (Stadtilm 6 Jan 1729) FRIEDRICH ANTON Fürst von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, son of --- (-1 Sep 1744). 

d)         MARIE CHARLOTTE (Aurich 10 Ar 1689-Dierdorf 9 Dec 1761)m (Aurich 10 Apr 1709) her first cousin, FRIEDRICH ULRICH Graf von Ostfriesland zu Criechingen und Püttlingen, son of EDZARD FERDINAND Prinz von Ostfriesland & his wife Anna Dorothea Gräfin von Criechingen (Norden 1 Jan 1668-Norden 12 Mar 1710). 

e)         GEORG ALBRECHT (Aurich 13 Jun 1690-Sandhorst 12 Jun 1734, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded in his father in 1708 as GEORG ALBRECHT Fürst von Ostfrieslandm firstly (Idstein 23 Sep 1709) CHRISTIANE LUISE Pss von Nassau-Saarbrücken-Idstein, daughter of GEORG AUGUST SAMUEL Fürst von Nassau-Saarbrücken-Idstein & his wife Henriette Dorothea Pss von Oettingen (Idstein 31 Mar 1691-Aurich 13 Apr 1723, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  m secondly (Schloss Pretzsch/Elbe 8 Dec 1723) SOPHIE KAROLINE Markgräfin von Brandenburg-Bayreuth, daughter of CHRISTIAN HEINRICH Markgraf von Brandenburg-Bayreuth zu Kulmbach & his wife Sophie Christiane von Wolfstein (Weferlingen 31 Mar 1707-Sorgenfri Castle, near Copenhagen 7 Jun 1764, bur Roskilde Cathedral).  Georg Albrecht & his first wife had six children: 

i)          GEORG CHRISTIAN (13 Oct 1710-Aurich 28 Apr 1711, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

ii)         HENRIETTE CHARLOTTE (Aurich 23 Oct 1711-29 Oct 1711, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

iii)        KARL CHRISTIAN (Aurich 4 Jan 1715-14 Jan 1715, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

iv)       KARL EDZARD (Aurich 15 Feb 1716-Aurich 8 Jun 1744, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  He succeeded in his father in 1734 as KARL EDZARD Fürst von Ostfrieslandm (Berum 25 May 1734) WILHELMINE SOPHIE Markgräfin von Brandenburg-Bayreuth, daughter of GEORG FRIEDRICH KARL Markgraf von Brandenburg-Bayreuth & his wife Dorothea Herzogin von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (Weferlingen 8 Jul 1714-Aurich 7 Sep 1749, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Karl Edzard & his wife had one child: 

(1)       ELISABETH SOPHIE MAGDALENE CAROLINE WILHELMINE (Aurich 5 Dec 1740-Aurich 14 Jun 1742, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

v)        HENRIETTE AUGUSTE WILHELMINE (22 Apr 1718-Aurich 21 Apr 1719, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

vi)       daughter (-5 Nov 1720).  . 

f)          ULRICH FERDINAND (Aurich 18 Jul 1691-Aurich 21 Sep 1691, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

g)         KARL EMANUEL (Aurich 25 Dec 1692-Aurich 3 Aug 1709, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

h)         son (b and d Aurich 1694). 

i)          FRIEDERIKE WILHELMINE (Aurich 4 Oct 1695-Aurich 24 Jul 1750, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

j)          AUGUST ENNO (Aurich 13 Feb 1697-3 Aug 1725, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  Colonel in the Swabian troops of the Imperial army. 

k)         JULIANE LUISE (Aurich 13 Jun 1698-Ahrensbök 6 Feb 1740)m (Braunschweig 17 Feb 1721) as his second wife, JOACHIM FRIEDRICH Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg in Norburg, son of AUGUST Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg in Plön und Norberg & his wife Elisabeth Charlotte Pss von Anhalt-Bernburg-Harzgerode (Magdeburg 9 May 1668-25 Jan 1722, bur Plön Schloßkirche). 

l)          CHRISTINE CHARLOTTE (Aurich 7 Sep 1699-[23 Aug] 1733). 

Christian Eberhard & his second wife had two children: 

m)       son (b and d Aurich 25 Dec 1702, bur Aurich St Lamberti). 

n)         SOPHIE ANTOINETTE JULIANE (14 Jan 1707-Aurich 15 Jan 1725, bur Aurich St Lamberti).  She died from smallpox[243]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.  DUKES of OLDENBURG

 

 

Two brothers:

1.         FRIEDRICH AUGUST Herzog von Holstein-Gottorp, son of CHRISTIAN AUGUST Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Eutin, Bishop of Lübeck & his wife Albertine Friederike Markgräfin von Baden-Durlach (Gottorf 20 Sep 1711-Oldenburg 6 Jul 1785, bur Lübeck Cathedral).  Elected coadjutor of Lübeck 30 Aug 1743.  Administered the estates of his cousin Karl Peter Ulrich Herzog von (Schleswig-)Holstein-Gottorp from 16 Dec 1745 to 16 Jan 1751.  Prince-Bishop of Lübeck 15 Dec 1750.  Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst 25 Nov 1774, following the cession by Paul Tsarevich of Russia.  He was created FRIEDRICH AUGUST Duke of Oldenburg 22 Mar 1777 by Emperor Joseph II.  He was called “Herzog von Holstein-Gottorp-Oldenburg” by the Royal Almanach of 1777.  m (Kassel 21 Nov 1752) ULRICA FRIEDERICA WILHELMINA Landgräfin von Hessen-Kassel, daughter of MAXIMILIAN Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel & his wife Friederike Charlotte Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt (Kassel 31 Oct 1722-Eutin 28 Feb 1787, bur Lübeck Cathedral). 

a)         WILHELM (Eutin 3 Jan 1754-Schloß Plön 2 Jul 1823).  Elected.  Bishop of Lübeck 27 Oct 1773, but abdicated 14 Feb 1776.  He succeeded his father in 1785 as Herzog von Oldenburg, but was placed under the regency of his uncle Peter Friedrich Ludwig due to his mental disability. 

b)         LUISE (Eutin 2 Oct 1756-Eutin 31 Jul 1759)

c)         HEDWIG SOPHIE CHARLOTTE (Eutin 22 Mar 1759-Stockholm 20 Jun 1818)m (by proxy Wismar 22 Jun 1774 in person Stockholm 7 Jul 1774) CARL Prince of Sweden, Duke of Södermanland, son of ADOLF FREDERIK King of Sweden & his wife Luise Ulrike Pss of Prussia (Stockholm 7 Oct 1748-Stockholm 5 Feb 1818).  He succeeded his nephew in 1809 as CARL XIII King of Sweden

2.         GEORG LUDWIG Herzog von Holstein-Gottorp (Hamburg 16 Mar 1719-Hamburg 7 Sep 1763)m (Prökelwitz 1 Jan 1750) as her second husband, SOPHIE CHARLOTTE Pss von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, widow of ALEXANDER EMIL Burggraf & Graf zu Dohna-Wartenberg-Schlobitten, daughter of FRIEDRICH WILHELM II Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck & his second wife Ursula Anna Burggräfin und Gräfin zu Dohna-Schlodien (Schlodien 31 Dec 1722-Hamburg 7 Aug 1763).  Georg Ludwig & his wife had three children: 

a)         FRIEDRICH (20 Jul 1751-10 Aug 1752)

b)         WILHELM (18 Jan 1753-14 Jul 1774)

c)         PETER FRIEDRICH LUDWIG (Riesenburg 17 Jan 1755-Wiesbaden 21 May 1829).  Succeeded his uncle 6 Jul 1785 as.  Bishop of Lübeck, on which date he was also named Administrator of the Duchy of Oldenburg due to the mental disability of his cousin Wilhelm, Herzog von Oldenburg.  In 1803, the territories of the Bishop of Lübeck (including the principality of Eutin) were secularised and united with the Duchy of Oldenburg.  The duchy of Oldenburg became a Grand-Duchy and member of the German Confederation 8 Jun 1815.  He succeeded his cousin Wilhelm in 1823 as PETER I Herzog von Oldenburg.  He never agreed to bear the title of Grand-Duke, which was only taken by his son in 1829.  m (Château d'Etupes, near Montbéliard 26 Jun 1781) FRIEDERIKE ELISABETH AMALIE AUGUSTE Herzogin von Württemberg, daughter of FRIEDRICH EUGEN Herzog von Württemberg [later FRIEDRICH II EUGEN Herzog von Württemberg] & his wife Friederike Sophie Dorothea Markgräfin von Brandenburg-Schwedt (Treptow 27 Jul 1765-Eutin 24 Nov 1785). 

-        DUKES of OLDENBURG

 

 



[1] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 1, 2 and 9, MGH SS XXV, pp. 498 and 500. 

[2] Rüthning, G. (1926) Urkundenbuch der Grafschaft Oldenburg bis 1482 (Oldenburg) (“Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch“), Band II, 10, p. 5. 

[3] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 8 and 9, MGH SS XXV, pp. 499 and 500. 

[4] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 10, p. 5. 

[5] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 9, MGH SS XXV, p. 500. 

[6] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 9, MGH SS XXV, p. 500. 

[7] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 15, p. 8. 

[8] Jungio, J. H. (1774) (Hannover) Historiæ antiquísima comitatus Benthemiensis, Codex diplomatum et documentorum variorum pro Historia Benthemiensi ("Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi"), III, p. 6. 

[9] Annales Stadenses 1112, MGH SS XVI, pp. 319 and 320. 

[10] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[11] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[12] Annales Stadenses 1112, MGH SS XVI, p. 319. 

[13] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[14] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 20, p. 10. 

[15] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[16] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis (Vita II addit) MGH SS XII, p. 51. 

[17] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[18] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 504. 

[19] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[20] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[21] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[22] Annales Stadenses 1105, MGH SS XVI, p. 318. 

[23] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[24] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[25] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[26] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), pp. 100-1. 

[27] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[28] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[29] ES I.3 276. 

[30] Hodenberg, W. von (1848) Hoyer Urkundenbuch (Hannover), V Abteilung, 11, p. 17. 

[31] Ehmck, D. R. & Bippen, W. v. (1873) Bremisches Urkundenbuch, Band I (Bremen), 83, p. 96. 

[32] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[33] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[34] Bremisches Urkundenbuch, Band I (1873), 83, p. 96. 

[35] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[36] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[37] ES VII 42, and ES I.3 276. 

[38] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[39] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 47, p. 19. 

[40] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[41] Calenberger Urkundenbuch VI (Kloster Marienwerder), 10, p. 9. 

[42] Calenberger Urkundenbuch IX (Kloster Wunstorf), 5, p. 4. 

[43] Calenberger Urkundenbuch V (Kloster Mariensee), 27, p. 29. 

[44] Calenberger Urkundenbuch VI (Kloster Marienwerder), 17, p. 15. 

[45] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[46] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[47] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[48] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 47, p. 19. 

[49] Calenberger Urkundenbuch V (Kloster Mariensee), 15, p. 21. 

[50] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[51] ES I.3 276. 

[52] Wilmans, R. (ed.) (1871) Westfälisches Urkundenbuch, Band III (Münster) (“Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band III (1871)”), 405, p. 218. 

[53] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[54] Sloet, L. A. J. W. (ed.) (1872) Ooorkondenboek der graafschappens Gelre en Zutfen, Eerste afdeeling, Eerste Deel (The Hague), 556, p. 558. 

[55] Sloet (1872), 584, p. 592. 

[56] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[57] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[58] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[59] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[60] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[61] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[62] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 47, p. 19. 

[63] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[64] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[65] ES I.3 277. 

[66] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 36, MGH SS XXV, p. 510. 

[67] Hoogeweg, H. (ed.) (1898) Westfälisches Urkundenbuch, Band VI (Münster) (“Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898)”), 1047, p. 326. 

[68] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[69] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[70] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 30, p. 22. 

[71] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 28, p. 31. 

[72] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[73] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[74] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 30, p. 22. 

[75] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XL, p. 83. 

[76] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XLI, p. 86. 

[77] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XLVII, p. 97. 

[78] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[79] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 36, MGH SS XXV, p. 510. 

[80] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 1047, p. 326. 

[81] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 974, p. 302. 

[82] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 30, p. 22. 

[83] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 36, MGH SS XXV, p. 510. 

[84] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 30, p. 22. 

[85] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 233, p. 80. 

[86] Sudendorf, H. (1859) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der Herzöge von Braunschweig und Lüneburg (Hannover), Teil I, 99, p. 61. 

[87] Leibnitz, G. W. (1711) Scriptorum Brunsvicensia illustrantium, Tome III (Hannover), Chronicon Brunsvicensium, p. 356. 

[88] Hodenberg, W. von (1842) Diepholzer Urkundenbuch (Hannover), p. 6. 

[89] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 277, p. 99. 

[90] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 311, p. 106. 

[91] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 311, p. 106. 

[92] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 311, p. 106. 

[93] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 233, p. 80. 

[94] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 311, p. 106. 

[95] ES I.3 277. 

[96] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[97] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[98] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[99] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[100] ES I.3 278.  

[101] ES I.3 278. 

[102] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[103] ES I.3 278. 

[104] ES I.3 278. 

[105] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[106] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 30, p. 22. 

[107] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 1047, p. 326. 

[108] ES I.3 277. 

[109] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 28, p. 31. 

[110] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 233, p. 80. 

[111] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, V Abteilung (1848), 30, p. 31. 

[112] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 324, p. 143. 

[113] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 231, p. 79. 

[114] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 28, p. 31. 

[115] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 326, p. 111. 

[116] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 344, p. 118. 

[117] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 358, p. 122. 

[118] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 367, p. 127. 

[119] Spilcker, B. C. von (1827) Beiträge zur álteren deutschen Geschichte, Band I Geschichte der Grafen von Wölpe (Arolsen), Urkunden, XCVI, p. 268. 

[120] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 326, p. 111. 

[121] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 326, p. 111. 

[122] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 358, p. 122. 

[123] Sauerland, H. V. (1905) Urkunden und Regesten zur Geschichte der Rheinlande aus dem vatikanischen Archiv (Bonn) (“Rheinlande Vatikanischen”), Band III, 610, p. 243. 

[124] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 367, p. 127. 

[125] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 358, p. 122. 

[126] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 367, p. 127. 

[127] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 358, p. 122. 

[128] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 367, p. 127. 

[129] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 358, p. 122. 

[130] Rheinlande Vatikanischen, Band III, 610, p. 243. 

[131] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 28, p. 31. 

[132] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 33, p. 36. 

[133] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 326, p. 111. 

[134] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 344, p. 118. 

[135] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 358, p. 122. 

[136] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band VI, 3877, p. 253. 

[137] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 358, p. 122. 

[138] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 367, p. 127. 

[139] Rheinlande Vatikanischen, Band III, 164, p. 69. 

[140] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 367, p. 127. 

[141] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 367, p. 127. 

[142] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 28, p. 31. 

[143] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 28, p. 31. 

[144] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 31, p. 35. 

[145] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 32, p. 36. 

[146] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[147] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 25, p. 13. 

[148] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[149] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[150] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 25, p. 13. 

[151] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[152] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 25, p. 13. 

[153] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[154] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 25, p. 13. 

[155] ES I.3 276. 

[156] Hodenberg, W. von (ed.) (1858) Calenberger Urkundenbuch, Dritte Abtheilung (Stift Loccum) (Hannover) (“Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum)”) I, pp. 2 and 4. 

[157] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[158] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 

[159] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[160] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 53, p. 29. 

[161] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 86, p. 40. 

[162] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[163] Kohnen, A. ‘Die Grafen von Oldenburg-Wildeshausen’, Jahrbuch für die Geschichte des Herzogtums Oldenburg, Band 22 (1914), p. 112. 

[164] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 86, p. 40. 

[165] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[166] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 86, p. 40. 

[167] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) 67, p. 53. 

[168] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 352, p. 95. 

[169] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXX, p. 70. 

[170] Harenberg, J. C. (1759) Monumenta Historica adhuc Inedita (Braunschweig), Band II, p. 103. 

[171] ES VIII 99. 

[172] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXXV, p. 74. 

[173] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXX, p. 70. 

[174] Harenberg (1759), Band II, p. 103. 

[175] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXVI, p. 66. 

[176] Lamey, A. (1779) Diplomatische Geschichte der alten Grafen von Ravensberg (Mannheim), p. 28, quoting a memorial inscription. 

[177] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 1274, p. 406. 

[178] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 86, p. 40. 

[179] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 86, p. 40. 

[180] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 86, p. 40. 

[181] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 

[182] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 

[183] Bruch, H. (ed.) (1973) Chronologia Johannes de Beke (The Hague), 67, p. 171, available at < http://www.inghist.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten /KroniekVanJohannesDeBekeTot1430/latijn> (31 Aug 2006). 

[184] Kronijk van Arent toe Bocop, Codex Diplomaticus Neerlandicus, Second Series (Utrecht 1860), vijfde deel, p. 174. 

[185] Annales Stadenses 1164, MGH SS XVI, p. 345.  

[186] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 25, p. 13. 

[187] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 47, p. 19. 

[188] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 45, p. 18. 

[189] Bär, M. (ed.) (1896) Osnabrücker Urkundenbuch (Osnabrück), Band I, 32, p. 23. 

[190] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[191] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 

[192] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[193] Kohnen ‘Die Grafen von Oldenburg-Wildeshausen’ (1914), p. 112. 

[194] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) 47, p. 42. 

[195] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[196] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 352, p. 95. 

[197] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 143, p. 60. 

[198] Lamey, A. (1779) Diplomatische Geschichte der alten Grafen von Ravensberg (Mannheim) ("Ravensberg Codex"), XXXVIII, 40. 

[199] Berger, E. (1897) Les registres d´Innocent IV (Paris), Tome II, 4501, p. 74. 

[200] Ravensberg Codex, XXXVIII, 40. 

[201] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 25, p. 29. 

[202] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 25, p. 29. 

[203] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 25, p. 29. 

[204] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 25, p. 29. 

[205] ES I.3 276. 

[206] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[207] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 352, p. 95. 

[208] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 143, p. 60. 

[209] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 28, p. 21. 

[210] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 21, p. 25. 

[211] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 24, p. 28. 

[212] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 28, p. 21. 

[213] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 24, p. 28. 

[214] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band IV, 28, p. 21. 

[215] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 21, p. 25. 

[216] Hoyer Urkundenbuch, II Abteilung (1848), 24, p. 28. 

[217] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 206, p. 77. 

[218] Ravensberg Codex, LVI, 56. 

[219] Ravensberg Codex, CXVIII, 108. 

[220] Ravensberg Codex, CXIX, 109. 

[221] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1930), Band V, 277, p. 99. 

[222] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 352, p. 95. 

[223] Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band VI (1898), 352, p. 95. 

[224] ES I.3 276. 

[225] Lappenberg, J. M. (ed.) (1842) Hamburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I (Hamburg), CCXLIX, p. 226. 

[226] Hamburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I (1842), CCCXXXIV, p. 292. 

[227] Hamburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I (1842), CCCXXXIV, p. 292. 

[228] Hamburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I (1842), CDVII, p. 358. 

[229] Vogt, J. (1740) Monumenta inedita rerum Germanicarum præcipue Bremensium (Bremen), Band I, II, p. 388. 

[230] Vogt Monumenta (1740), Band I, II, p. 388. 

[231] Vogt Monumenta (1740), Band I, IV, p. 391. 

[232] Wilmans, R. (ed.) (1871) Westfälisches Urkundenbuch, Band III (Münster) (“Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band III (1871)”), 405, p. 218. 

[233] Vogt Monumenta (1740), Band I, VI, p. 393. 

[234] Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (1926), Band II, 111, p. 42. 

[235] Wilmans, R. (ed.) (1871) Westfälisches Urkundenbuch, Band III (Münster) (“Westfälisches Urkundenburch Band III (1871)”), 405, p. 218. 

[236] Vogt Monumenta (1740), Band I, IV, p. 391. 

[237] ES I.3 372. 

[238] Emmius, U. (1616) Rerum Frisicarum Historia (Lugduni Batavorum), p. 902. 

[239] Beninga, E. (1723) Volledige Chronyk van Oostfrieslant (Emden), LXXXVI, p. 723. 

[240] ES I.3 374B. 

[241] ES I.3 373. 

[242] ES I.3 374A. 

[243] ES I.3 374A.