OLDENBURG

  v2.0 Updated 05 December 2010

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.            GRAFEN von OLDENBURG 1149-1667. 2

A.       ORIGINS, GRAFEN von RUSTRINGEN.. 2

B.       GRAFEN von OLDENBURG.. 5

C.      GRAFEN von OLDENBURG in DELMENHORST. 12

Chapter 2.            GRAFEN von WILDESHAUSEN. 14

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The county of Oldenburg was formed in Lower Saxony, to the west of the river Weser, in the late 11th century by Count Egilmar [I], a vassal of the duke of Saxony.  The early counts were linked to the monastery of Rastede, to the north of what later developed as the town of Oldenburg, which was founded in 1059 by Count Huno according to the Historia Monasterii Rastedensis.  In the same source, Huno's county is called Rustringen, which has not yet been identified precisely but which presumably covered the territory along the North Sea coast to the east of Frisia.  No earlier references to this area have so far been found.  It is not known whether there were earlier counts.  It is possible that the land was sparsely populated and subject to the general jurisdiction of the dukes of Saxony without the appointment of local rulers. 

 

In the 13th century, the counts of Oldenburg expanded control over the territory to the north and west of the town of Oldenburg.  Christian [XIV] Graf von Oldenburg was chosen to succeed as Christian I King of Denmark and Norway in 1448, after which the territory was governed by younger branches of the Danish royal family. 

 

Delmenhorst is located between Bremen and Oldenburg, in Lower Saxony.  It is first mentioned in a charter dated 1254, after Otto I Graf von Oldenburg bought the site near the river Delme twenty years earlier.  The castle of Delmenhorst was constructed by Johann [I] Graf von Oldenburg, whose younger son Otto [II] established himself there and founded a younger branch of the counts of Oldenburg which survived until 1436 when Count Nikolaus resigned the county to the older branch. 

 

The county of Wildeshausen lay further to the south, to the south-east of Delmenhorst.  No information has so far been found about its early history. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    GRAFEN von OLDENBURG 1149-1667

 

 

 

A.      ORIGINS, GRAFEN von RUSTRINGEN



Two siblings, parents not known: 

1.         HUNO (-31 Oct 1059 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Huno comes", specifies that he held "comitibus Rustringie", founded the church in Rastede "1059 III Id Sep" and in a later passage that he died "in crastino omnium sanctorum"[1]m WILLA, daughter of --- (-8 Nov after 1059).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comitissa Willa" wife of "Huno comes", recording that she became a nun "in ecclesia beati Odelrici" after the death of her husband and in a later passage that she died "in octava omnium sanctorum"[2].  Huno & his wife had one child: 

a)         FRIEDRICH (-10 Feb after 1059).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Fridericus filius eius [=Hunonis comitis]", recording that he died unmarried "die scolastice virginis"[3]

2.         sister .  m ---.  Two children: 

a)         EGILMAR [I] (-1108 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comes Egilmaris filius sororis comitis Hunonis", although there may be some confusion with Count Egilmar [II] as the text also names "uxor sua Eylica"[4].  Comes 1091/1096.  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108, witnessed by "Gisilbertus…frater ipsius comitis et capellanus eius"[5].  Vogt von Rastede.  m RICHEZA von Dietmarschen, daughter of [DEDO Graf von Dietmarschen/ETHELER Graf von Dietmarschen] & his wife Ida von Elthorp [Braunschweig].  The Annales Stadenses name "Rikencen, filie Ide de Elthrope" as wife of "Eilmari", specifying in a later passage that she was Ida's daughter either by her second or third husband[6].  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108[7].  Egilmar [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          CHRISTIAN .  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108[8].  Comes 1136. 

ii)         EGILMAR [II] (-before 1145).  The Annales Stadenses name "Eilmarus iunior comes de Aldenburg" as son of "Eilmari et Rikencen", specifying that he challenged Udo Graf von Stade over the Stade inheritance from his maternal grandmother[9].  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108[10].  Comes 1136 and 1142.  Vogt von Rastede 1135.  Vogt von St Alexander zu Wildeshausen 1135.  Von Rietberg 1141.  m EILIKA von Rietberg, daughter of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Rietberg [Werl] & his wife Beatrix von Hildrizhausen (-bur Jadelo).   The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Eileke" daughter of "Heinricum comitem de Ryetbeke" & his wife Beatrix, specifying that she married "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg, qui ex eadem Eileka filios genuit Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg"[11].  Her burial place is confirmed by the Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis which names "Beatricem, quæ conversa est in Capenberg et sepulta cum Eilica comitissa de Aldenburch ad sancatæ Mariam Magdalenam, et Gerbergim quam clam abduxit domnus Bernherus de Erperode" as sisters of "comites Godefridus et Otto"[12].  Egilmar [II] & his wife had five children: 

(a)       CHRISTIAN [I] (-1167 or after).  The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[13]Graf von Oldenburg

-         see below, Part B. GRAFEN von OLDENBURG

(b)       BEATRIX (-bur Rastede).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Egelmarus comes…filiam suam…Beatricem" and her husband "comitis de Anvorden…Fredericus", specifying that she was buried "in monasterio beati Martini" and that her husband died after his wife while on pilgrimage and was buried with her[14]m (1150) FRIEDRICH von Ampfurth, son of --- (-bur Rastede).  1185.  

(c)       EILIKA (-1184 or after).  The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[15]m HEINRICH Graf von Tecklenburg, son of EKBERT Graf von Tecklenburg & his wife Adelheid van Limburg (-1155 or after).  1141/1155. 

(d)       HEINRICH [I] (-1167).  The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[16].  Graf von Ammerland.  Graf von Rietberg 1150.   

-         GRAFEN von WILDESHAUSEN

(e)       OTTO (-after 16 Nov 1161).  The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[17].  The Annales Stadenses name (in order) "Heinrici et Christiani comitum de Aldenburch et prepositi Ottonis Bremensis" as sons of Egilmar and his wife Eilika[18].  Provost at Bremen Cathedral.  

iii)        GERTRUD .  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108[19]

b)         GISELBERT .  "Eigilmarus comes in confinio Saxonie et Frisie…et…eius coniuge Richeza" promised donations to Aldenburg St Marie in Iburg, with the consent of "duobus eorum filiis Christino…et Egilmaro necnon et filia Gertrude" by charter dated 1108, witnessed by "Gisilbertus…frater ipsius comitis et capellanus eius"[20]

 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von OLDENBURG

 

 

CHRISTIAN [I] [von Oldenburg], son of EGILMAR [II] Graf & his wife Eilika von Rietberg (-1167).  The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[21]Graf von Oldenburg.  In 1166, he joined the alliance of Saxon princes against Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony, and in early 1167 destroyed the fortress of Weyhe, south of Bassum on the lower Weser, with the help of troops from Frisia but was obliged to withdraw to Oldenburg where Graf Christian died while it was besieged by Duke Heinrich.  After the town surrendered, Duke Heinrich added it to his domains[22].  The Annales Stadenses record the deaths in 1168 of "Christianus comes de Aldenburg [et] Heinricum frater Christiani"[23]

m KUNIGUNDE von Versfleth, daughter of GERBERT Graf von Versfleth & his wife --- (-1198 or after).  The Annales Stadenses names "Cunegunda" as the wife of "Christianus [de Aldenburg]" but does not give her origin[24]

Christian [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         MORITZ [I] von Oldenburg (-before 1209, bur Rastede).  The Annales Stadenses names "Mauricium et Christianum" as the sons of "Christianus [de Aldenburg]" & his wife[25]Graf von Oldenburg.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Mauricius et Cristianus duo fratres", specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[26]m SALOME von Wickrath, daughter of OTTO von Wickrath Vogt von Hamborn & his wife --- (-after 1211, bur Rastede).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Salome…nata de Wickenrode" as the wife of "Mauricius frater suus [=Cristiani]"[27].  Moritz [I] & his wife had six children: 

a)         CHRISTIAN [III] von Oldenburg (-1233 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Cristianum" as brother of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh"[28]Graf von Oldenburg

-        see below

b)         OTTO [I] von Oldenburg (-before 10 Jul 1256, bur Hude).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis states that "Otto comes de Aldenborgh" died without heirs and was buried "in Hudha"[29]m MECHTILD von Woldenberg, daughter of HOIER [I] Graf von Wöltingerode und Woldenberg & his wife --- (-before 1268).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis refers to the wife of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh" as "de Woldenberge"[30].  Otto [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          HEINRICH .  1243.  

ii)         SALOME von Oldenburg (-after 1266).  m (Papal dispensation 4o Lyon 7 Jul 1248) GERBERT Graf von Stotel .  1229/1267. 

c)         HEDWIG von Oldenburg (-1250 or after).  m (before 1211) HILDEBOLD Graf von Limmer (-before 1228).  

d)         KUNIGUNDE von Oldenburg (-1264 or after).  m firstly --- von Ahausm secondly GISELBERT von Bronckhorst (-before 28 Feb 1241). 

e)         SALOME von Oldenburg (-1267 or after).  Abbess of Bassum. 

f)          ODA von Oldenburg .  1211.  

2.         CHRISTIAN [II] von Oldenburg (-murdered Bergedorf 1192, bur Rastede).  The Annales Stadenses names "Mauricium et Christianum" as the sons of "Christianus [de Aldenburg]" & his wife[31]Graf von Oldenburg.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Mauricius et Cristianus duo fratres", specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[32]

 

 

CHRISTIAN [III] von Oldenburg, son of MORITZ Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Salome von Wickrath (-1233 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Cristianum" as brother of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh"[33]Graf von Oldenburg

m AGNES von Isenberg, daughter of ---.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis refers to the wife of "Cristianum", brother of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh", as "de Ysenbergen…Agnetem"[34]

Christian [III] & his wife had two children: 

1.         JOHANN [I] von Oldenburg (-1262 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Iohannem comitem de Oldenborgh" as son of "Cristianum", brother of "Otto comes de Aldenborgh", & his wife[35]Graf von Oldenburg.  He built Delmenhorst[36]m RICHZA von Hoya, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Hoya & his wife --- (-before 1270).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comes Cristianus de Oldenburg" as son of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya"[37].  Johann [I] & his wife had five children: 

a)         HEINRICH [VI] "der Jüngere" von Oldenburg (-1273 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Heinrich died young[38]

b)         CHRISTIAN [IV] von Oldenburg (-Bremen [27 Nov 1285/3 Feb 1287], bur Hude).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Christian succeeded in Oldenburg but died aged 30 "circa festum Lucie"[39]Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.   

-        see below

c)         MORITZ [II] von Oldenburg (-1318 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Moritz was "canonicus ecclesie Bremensis et prepositus in Wildeshausen"[40].  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1264.  Provost at Wildeshausen 1301/1304. 

d)         OTTO [II] von Oldenburg (-[2 Feb/24 Jun] 1304).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Otto succeeded in Delmenhorst[41].  Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst. 

-        see below, Part C. GRAFEN von OLDENBURG in DELMENHORST

e)         HEDWIG von Oldenburg (-after 15 Jul 1296).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1277 under which her husband "Egbertus comes in Benthem" confirmed the donation to the church of Renen by "Otto noster genitor comes in Benthem" and which refers to "sororio nostro juniori comiti de Oudenborch"[42].  "Ecbertus comes in Benthem" donated property to the abbey of Wittmarssen, with the consent of "dominæ Hadewigis uxoris nostræ cometissæ in Benthem, liberorum nostrorum Ottonis, Joannis et Ecberti iam natorum", by charter dated 29 Aug 1283[43].  "Ecbertus comes de Benthem" granted privileges to the town of Scuttorpe, with the consent of "Hadewigis uxoris nostre, Ottonis et aliorum filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated Nov 1295[44]m (before 5 Jun 1277, Papal dispensation 4o Rome 28 Jan 1289) EKBERT Graf van Bentheim, son of OTTO [II] Graf van Bentheim [Holland] & his first wife Heilwig von Tecklenburg (-before 1311). 

2.         OTTO von Oldenburg (-Dec 1285).  Monk at Rastede 1250.  Abbot of St Paul at Bremen 1261.  Abbot of Rastede 1267. 

 

 

CHRISTIAN [IV] von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [II] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Richeza von Hoya (-Bremen [27 Nov 1285/3 Feb 1287], bur Hude).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Christian succeeded in Oldenburg but died aged 30 "circa festum Lucie"[45].  In a later passage, the same source names "comes Cristianus de Oldenburg" as son of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that he died "circa festum natali Domini" in the same year as the burning of the city of Bremen and was buried "in tumba comitum de Oldenburg"[46]Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.

m firstly HEDWIG, daughter of ---. 

m secondly JUTTA, daughter of --- (-before 1287). 

Christian [IV] & his [first/second] wife had three children: 

1.         JOHANN [II] von Oldenburg (-[7 Sep 1314/4 Dec 1316).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comes Iohannes filius suus" when recording that he succeeded "comes Cristianus de Oldenburg"[47]Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  m firstly (before 7 Mar 1294) ELISABETH von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of JOHANN [I] Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Liutgard von Holstein (-[20 May 1294/1298]).  m secondly (after 15 Sep 1298) HEDWIG von Diepholz, daughter of KONRAD von Diepholz & his wife ---.  Johann [II] & his first wife had two children:  

a)         CHRISTIAN [VII] von Oldenburg (-after 29 May 1323)m HEDWIG von Bruchhausen, daughter of HILDEBOLD [I] Graf von Bruchhausen [Oldenburg] & his wife Sophie von Ravensberg (-1348 or after).  Christian [VII] & his wife had one child: 

i)          JUTTA von Oldenburg (-1367 or after).  Prioress at Kloster Blankenburg 1352. 

b)         JOHANN [IV] von Oldenburg (-1345 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1315.  m MECHTILD [von Bronckhorst].  Johann [IV] & his wife had four children: 

i)          JOHANN [V] von Oldenburg (-1356 or after).  m ---.  Johann [V] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       OTTO von Oldenburg .  1357. 

(b)       KONRAD [III] von Oldenburg .  1357. 

ii)         OTTO [IV] von Oldenburg .  Graf 1357.  

iii)        WILHELM von Oldenburg (-[3 May/26 Nov] 1367).  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1354.  

iv)       CHRISTIAN von Oldenburg (-killed in battle near Koldewärf 20 Aug 1368).  Graf 1355. 

Johann [II] & his second wife had four children: 

c)         KONRAD von Oldenburg (-8 Jul 1350)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.   

-        see below

d)         MORITZ von Oldenburg (-killed in battle near Koldewärf 20 Aug 1368).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1337/1343, deacon 1345/1367.  Elected Bishop of Bremen 1345.  Administrator of the Bishopric of Bremen 1351/1360.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1367.  

e)         NESEKE [Agnes] von Oldenburg .  1342.  m LUDOLF [III] Graf von Wunstorf und Roden (-after 6 Jan 1391). 

f)          GISELA von Oldenburg (-[3 May/25 Aug] 1343)m (before 1338) GERHARD [II] Graf von Hoya (-1383 before 14 Oct). 

2.         CHRISTIAN [V] von Oldenburg (-after 7 Sep 1314).  Graf 1301. 

3.         OTTO von Oldenburg (-1348 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1317, thesaurarius 1325/1330, deacon 1332/1340.  Archbishop of Bremen 1348. 

 

 

KONRAD von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [II] Graf von Oldenburg & his second wife Hedwig von Diepholz (-8 Jul 1350)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  

m INGEBORG von Holstein, daughter of GERHARD [IV] Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Plön & his wife Anastasia von Wittenberg. 

Konrad & his wife had three children: 

1.         KONRAD [II] von Oldenburg (-23 Aug 1401/15 Feb 1402]).  Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  He founded St Lambert's in Oldenburg 1377[48]m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of ---.  1367.  Konrad [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         JOHANN (1375-1386 or after).  

b)         MORITZ [III] von Oldenburg (-4 Sep 1420, bur Rastede)m (before 5 Mar 1399) ELISABETH von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of MAGNUS [II] "Torquatus/mit der Kette" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Katharina von Anhalt (-2 Oct 1420, bur Rastede).  She died of the plague.  Moritz [III] & his wife had four children: 

i)          son (-young). 

ii)         JOHANN .  1402

iii)        ANNA von Oldenburg (-after 22 Jun 1438)m ([1424]) OTTO [III] Graf von Waldeck (-[1458/59]).  

iv)       INGEBORG von Oldenburg (-[14 Sep/4 Nov] 1431).  m OCKO [II] Renisma tom Book, in Ostfriesland (-after 26 Apr 1437). 

c)         JUTTA von Oldenburg (-25 Sep 1418).  Abbess of Wunstorf 1385. 

d)         KUNIGUNDE von Oldenburg m JOHANN [II] von Diepholz (-before 20 Nov 1422). 

2.         GERHARD [I] von Oldenburg (-killed in battle near Koldewärf 20 Jul 1368).  Graf 1355.  

3.         CHRISTIAN [XI] von Oldenburg (-[10 Nov 1399/22 Apr 1403])m (before 29 Aug 1377) AGNES von Honstein, daughter of DIETRICH [V] Graf von Honstein in Beringen (-after 1394).  Christian [XI] & his wife had two children: 

a)         CHRISTIAN [XIII] von Oldenburg (-before 25 Oct 1425, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  Canon of St Gereon at Köln 1398. 

b)         DIETRICH von Oldenburg (-Delmenhorst 14 Feb 1440, bur Oldenburg St Lambert)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  In Delmenhorst 1436.  

-        see below

 

 

DIETRICH von Oldenburg, son of CHRISTIAN [XI] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Agnes von Honstein (-Delmenhorst 14 Feb 1440, bur Oldenburg St Lambert)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg.  In Delmenhorst 1436.  

m firstly (1401) ADELHEID von Oldenburg-Delmenhorst, daughter of OTTO [IV] Graf von Oldenburg-Delmenhorst & his wife Richarda von Tecklenburg (-Welsburg before 1423, bur Hude). 

m secondly (contract 23 Nov 1423) as her second husband, HEDWIG von Schleswig und Holstein, widow of BALTHASAR Fürst zu Wenden Herr von Werle [Mecklenburg], daughter of GERHARD [VI] Herzog von Schleswig, Graf von Holstein & his wife Katharina [Elisabeth] von Braunschweig (1398-1436, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to, but does not name, one daughter of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie" & his wife as the wife firstly of "Baltazaro domino Slavorum" (by whom she was childless) and secondly of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg"[49]

Dietrich & his second wife had four children:

1.         CHRISTIAN [XIV] von Oldenburg (Oldenburg Feb 1426-Copenhagen 21 May 1481 bur Roskilde Cathedral).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Cristianum, Mauricium et Gherardum" as the three sons of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg" & his unnamed Holstein wife[50].  He succeeded his father in 1440 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg und Delmenhorst.  He was chosen to succeed as CHRISTIAN I King of Denmark and Norway, on the death without heirs in 1448 of King Christoffer III.  He was elected Graf von Holstein, Herzog von Schleswig in 1460, in succession to his maternal uncle Duke Adolf VIII. 

-        KINGS of DENMARK

2.         MORITZ [IV] von Oldenburg (1428-9 Aug 1464, bur Hude).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Cristianum, Mauricium et Gherardum" as the three sons of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg" & his unnamed Holstein wife[51].  He succeeded his father in 1440 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg und Delmenhorst.  m (1458) KATHARINA von Hoya, daughter of --- (-1465).  Moritz [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ADELHEID von Oldenburg ([1460]-Holstein ----).  Canoness at Bassum. 

b)         JAKOB von Oldenburg (24 Aug 1462-at sea off Bergen [25 Jul/29 Oct] 1484).  He succeeded his father in 1464 as Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst, minor until 1476.  

c)         HEDWIG von Oldenburg ([1463]-Holstein ----).  Nun at Kloster Blankenburg.  

3.         GERHARD [II] von Oldenburg (1430-22 Feb 1500).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Cristianum, Mauricium et Gherardum" as the three sons of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg" & his unnamed Holstein wife[52].  He succeeded his father in 1440 as joint Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg und Delmenhorst.  He resigned in 1482.  He died on the return journey from a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela[53]m ([28 Feb/2 Mar] 1453) ADELHEID von Tecklenburg, daughter of OTTO [VII] Graf von Tecklenburg [Schwerin] (-2 Mar 1477, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  Gerhard [II] & his wife had eleven children: 

a)         GERHARD von Oldenburg (-1470 or after).  

b)         DIETRICH (-1463 or after).  

c)         ADOLF von Oldenburg (1458-killed in battle Dithmarschen 17 Feb 1500).  He succeeded his father in 1482 as Graf von Oldenburg.  

d)         CHRISTIAN von Oldenburg (1459-[27 May] 1492).  Graf 1488. 

e)         JOHANN [V] von Oldenburg (1460-Oldenburg 10 Feb 1526, bur Oldenburg St Lambert)Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg 1484. 

-        GRAFEN von OLDENBURG

f)          OTTO von Oldenburg .  Canon at Bremen (-killed in battle Dithmarschen 17 Feb 1500).  Von Wardenburg und Hundsmölln.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1489.  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1492.  

g)         ELISABETH von Oldenburg (1468-12 Sep 1505).  Canoness at Herford 1494. 

h)         ANNA von Oldenburg (1469-27 Sep 1505).  She died of the plague[54]

i)          IRMGARD von Oldenburg (-1518 or after).  m (contract Burgforde 8 Oct 1489) HERO Ommken von Dornum (-after 1518).  Häuptling at Esens, Wittmund and Stedesdorf.  

j)          HEDWIG von Oldenburg (-22 Feb 1502).  m (contract 28 Mar 1498) EDO Wimmeken zu Jever (-21 May 1511). 

k)         ADELHEID von Oldenburg (-1513).  m (contract Oldenburg 10 Jul 1503) DIETRICH [III] Herr zu Plesse (-1543 or after). 

4.         ADELHEID von Oldenburg .  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Alheydis" as the daughter of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg" & his unnamed Holstein wife, specifying that she married "nobili comiti Ernesti de Hoensteen"[55]m firstly (before 15 Nov 1439) ERNST [II] Graf von Honstein in Klettenberg (-Turnier 1454).  m secondly (before 7 May 1457) GEBHARD [VI] Graf und Herr zu Mansfeld (-14 Sep 1492). 

 

 

 

C.      GRAFEN von OLDENBURG in DELMENHORST

 

 

OTTO [II] von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [I] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Richza von Hoya (-[2 Feb/24 Jun] 1304).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Cristianum et Ottonem, Hinricum et Mauritium" as the four sons of "Iohannis comitis et Rixedis comitissa de Hoya", specifying that Otto succeeded in Delmenhorst[56].  Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst.  He founded the Franciscan convent at Delmenhorst in 1285[57]

m ODA, daughter of --- (-before 1291). 

Otto [II] & his wife had seven children: 

1.         daughter (-before 1287)m as his first wife, OTTO II "der Strenge" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of JOHANN [I] Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Liutgard von Holstein (-9/10 Apr 1330, bur Lüneburg). 

2.         JOHANN [III] von Oldenburg (-[18 Mar/1 Jul] 1348)Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst 1315.  m KUNIGUNDE von Wölpe, daughter of BURCHARD Graf von Wölpe & his second wife Ermengard.  Johann [III] & his wife had [nine] children: 

a)         BERNHARD von Oldenburg (-1352 or after).  Canon at Hildesheim 1344. 

b)         CHRISTIAN [VIII] von Oldenburg (-1367 or after)Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst.  m HEILWIG von Hoya, daughter of OTTO Graf von Hoya zu Nienburg.  1348/1374.  Christian [VIII] & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          JOHANN von Oldenburg .  1354. 

ii)         OTTO [V] von Oldenburg (-[20 Mar/22 Jul] 1415)Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst.  m (before 6 Nov 1405) RICHARDIS von Tecklenburg, daughter of NIKOLAUS [I] Graf von Tecklenburg [Schwerin] (-7 Apr 1430).  Otto [V] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       NIKOLAUS von Oldenburg (-[10 Nov 1446/18 May 1447]).  Graf von Oldenburg in Delmenhorst, resigned 1436.  Archbishop of Bremen 1421/1435.  Nikolaus had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

(1)        NIKOLAUS .  Deacon at Oldenburg 1487. 

(b)       ADELHEID von Oldenburg (-Welsburg before 1423, bur Hude)m (1401) as his first wife, DIETRICH von Oldenburg, son of CHRISTIAN [V] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Agnes von Honstein (-Delmenhorst 14 Feb 1440, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  He succeeded his father in 1423 as DIETRICH Graf von Oldenburg

iii)        CHRISTIAN [XII] von Oldenburg (-1393 or after).  Graf 1371.  Provost at Walsrode.  Canon at Wildeshausen, resigned 1393.  m (before 5 Oct 1393) ---. 

iv)       [GERHARD .  1369.] 

c)         JOHANN von Oldenburg .  Canon at Minden Cathedral 1340/1349. 

d)         BURCHARD von Oldenburg .  1340/1348. 

e)         KUNIGUNDE von Oldenburg .  Nun at Mariensee 1344. 

f)          AGNES von Oldenburg .  Nun at Mariensee 1344. 

g)         OTTO von Oldenburg .  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1346. 

h)         [LIUTGARD von Delmenhorst (-31 Jul 1359).  Abbess of Wienhausen 1344.] 

i)          MECHTILD von Oldenburg (-before 1369).  Abbess of Bassum 1361. 

j)          GISELA von Oldenburg .  Canoness at Vreden 1339/1343. 

3.         CHRISTIAN [VI] von Oldenburg (-[23 Jul 1354/18 Jan 1355])Graf von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst.  m (contract 16 Feb 1317) ELISABETH von Mecklenburg, daughter of NIKOLAUS Herr von Rostock [Mecklenburg] & his wife Margarete von Pommern.  Christian [VI] & his wife had five children: 

a)         OTTO [III] von Oldenburg (-1373 or after).  Graf. 

b)         JOHANN von Oldenburg (-1359 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1339/1352.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1344/1352.  Chorbischof at Köln 1359. 

c)         CHRISTIAN [IX] von Oldenburg (-1391 or after).  Graf zu Delmenhorst.  Canon at Osnabrück Cathedral 1339/1352.  Provost of St Willehadi at Bremen 1354/1367.  Provost at Rüstringen 1358/1359. 

d)         WATZLAW von Oldenburg (-before 12 Feb 1358).  Canon at Verden Cathedral 1343/1352.  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1351/1352.  

e)         JUTTA von Oldenburg (-bur Hoya St Martini)m (before 1349, Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 6 Mar 1350) GERHARD [II] Graf von Hoya und Bruchhausen (-1383 before 14 Oct). 

4.         AGNES von Oldenburg (-1334 or after).  Canoness at Quedlinburg 1294.  Abbess of Bassum 1301/1334. 

5.         HEILWIG von Oldenburg m (Papal dispensation Orvieto 27 Jun 1297) WERNER von Hadmersleben Herr zu Egeln.  1269/1314. 

6.         JUTTA von Oldenburg (-1331 or after).  Canoness at Quedlinburg 1294.  m RUDOLF von Diepholz .  1300/1350. 

7.         OTTO von Oldenburg (-before 9 Feb 1341).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    GRAFEN von WILDESHAUSEN

 

 

 

HEINRICH [I] [von Oldenburg], son of EGILMAR [II] Graf & his wife Eilika von Rietberg (-1167).  The Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis names "Heinricum et Christianum comites, et Ottonem fratrem eorum, et Eilekam matrem comitis Simonis de Tekeneburg" as children of "comes Eigelmarus de Aldenburg" & his wife[58].  Graf von Ammerland.  Graf von Rietberg 1150.  The Annales Stadenses records the deaths in 1168 of "Christianus comes de Aldenburg [et] Heinricum frater Christiani"[59]

m SALOME can Gelre, daughter of GERHARD [II] Graaf can Gelre & his wife Ermgard von Zütphen (-before 1194).  The Annales Stadenses refer to the wife of "Heinricum frater Christiani [de Aldenburg]" as "sororem comitis Heinrici de Gelre" but does not name her[60]

Heinrich [I] & his wife had five children: 

1.         daughter (-1167 or after).  The Annales Stadenses refers to the daughter of "Heinricum et Gherardum postea clericum" as wife of "Wedekindus de Stumpenhausen filius Geronis"[61]m WIDEKIND Graf von Stumpenhausen, son of GERO & his wife ---.  1144/1181. 

2.         HEINRICH [II] von Wildeshausen (-1198).  The Annales Stadenses names "Heinricum et Gherardum postea clericum" as the sons of "Heinricum frater Christiani [de Aldenburg]" & his wife[62].  He died on Crusade[63]m BEATRIX von Hallermund, daughter of WILBRAND [I] von Hallermund Graf von Loccum & his wife Beatrix von Rheineck [Salm-Luxembourg] (-after 1194, bur Loccum).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardus, Ludolfus, Wyllebrandus, Adelheydis, Beatrix” as the three sons and two daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, naming in a later passage her four sons as shown below, and adding that she was buried at Loccum[64].  Heinrich [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         HEINRICH [III] von Wildeshausen (-killed in battle near Altenesch 27 May 1234, bur Rastede).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Borchardus et Hinricus duo fratres", specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[65].  Graf von Oldenburg and Vogt von Bassum 1207.  

-        see below

b)         BURCHARD von Wildeshausen (-killed in battle near Hemmelskamp 6 Jul 1233, bur Rastede).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardum, Henricum…Engelmarum…Wilbrandum” as the four sons of “Beatrix soror Adelheydis comitissa”, daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding that Burchard and Heinrich “occisi sunt a Stadinguis[66].  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Borchardus et Hinricus duo fratres", recording that Burchard was killed "in alia expeditione contra Stedincgos in loco…Hemelscampe" and that specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[67].  Graf von Oldenburg 1201.  In Livland 1215.  Graf von Kokenhusen 1224/1226.  m KUNIGUNDE von Stotel, daughter of RUDOLF von Stotel.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis records that "fratres Hinricus et Borchardus habuerunt duas sorores de Scholis"[68].  1229/1242.  Burchard & his wife had seven children: 

i)          HEINRICH [IV] "Bogenarius" zu Wildeshausen (-1270 before 8 Aug, bur Vlotho).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "Hinricum cognomina Bogenere" as the son of "Borchardus [comes de Aldenborch]", specifying that he held the counties of "Aldenborg et Thekeneborgh, Wildeshusen, Vlothou"[69].  “Heinricus comitis Burchardi de Aldenburch filius” confirmed the property of “Conradus de Hemenhusen ministerialis noster” by charter dated 1234[70].  "Hinricus…comes de Wildeshusen, E. comitissa", as heirs of the county of Tecklenburg, confirmed donations of property to Rulle convent by charter dated 18 Mar 1253[71].  Graf von Tecklenburg 1264/1265.  He inherited the Herrschaft Vlotho [an der Weser] after the death in 1263 of his father-in-law[72].  "Otto comes in Benthem et H. comes in Aldenburg, ambo comites in Tekeneborg" donated property to Bersenbrugge convent by charter dated 1264[73]m (before 18 Mar 1253) ELISABETH von Tecklenburg, daughter of OTTO Graf von Tecklenburg & his wife Mechtild von Holstein (-after 22 May 1268).  "Hinricus…comes de Wildeshusen, E. comitissa", as heirs of the county of Tecklenburg, confirmed donations of property to Rulle convent by charter dated 18 Mar 1253[74].  Heinrich [IV] & his wife had --- children: 

(a)       sons 1253/1256.  

ii)         SOPHIE von Wildeshausen (-1261 or after, bur Bersenbrück).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 5 Jan 1246 under which her father-in-law "Otto…comes, Mechtildis comitissa de Tekeneborg" donated property to Bersenbrugge convent, for the souls of "comitis Ottonis de Ravensberge amicissimi nostri, Sophia comitissa relicta ipsius et filia eius Jutta uxor Henrici filii nostri"[75]m OTTO [II] Graf von Ravensberg in Vechta und Vlotho, son of HERMANN Graf von Ravensberg & his first wife Jutta von Thüringen (-1 Apr 1244). 

iii)        WILBRAND von Wildeshausen .  1230. 

iv)       LUDOLF von Wildeshausen (-1271 or after).  Provost at Elsten 1241/1271.  Provost at Utrecht Cathedral 1259. 

v)        OTTO von Wildeshausen (-1261 or after).  Canon at Verden Cathedral 1240.  Provost of St Johann at Minden 1258.  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1260.  

vi)       THOMAS von Wildeshausen (-1273 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1259/1272. 

vii)      GERHARD von Wildeshausen (-1270 or after).  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1244/1270. 

c)         EGILMAR von Wildeshausen (-after 29 May 1217).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardum, Henricum…Engelmarum…Wilbrandum” as the four sons of “Beatrix soror Adelheydis comitissa”, daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding that Egilmar was “prepositus in monasterio” (indicating Loccum)[76].  Provost of Friesland 1209/1217.  

d)         WILBRAND von Wildeshausen (-Zwolle 27 Jul 1235, bur Utrecht St Servatius).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardum, Henricum…Engelmarum…Wilbrandum” as the four sons of “Beatrix soror Adelheydis comitissa”, daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding that Wilbrand was the first bishop of Paderborn and later was bishop of Utrecht[77].  Canon at Hildesheim Cathedral 1211, provost [1219/20]/1226.  Bishop of Paderborn 1225/1227.  Administrator of Osnabrück 1226.  Bishop of Utrecht 1227.  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records that "Florencius Hollandie comes" arranged the election of "suo consanguineo domino Wilbrando Paderburnensi pontifice filio comitis de Oldenburch" as Bishop of Utrecht[78].  The Kronik van Arent toe Bocop records that "heer Wyllebrant byscop van Paterborne", son of "des grave van Oldenborghe", was installed in 1227 as thirty-fifth bishop of Utrecht[79]

3.         GERHARD von Wildeshausen (-Frankfurt-am-Main 14 Aug 1219).  The Annales Stadenses names "Heinricum et Gherardum postea clericum" as the sons of "Heinricum frater Christiani [de Aldenburg]" & his wife[80].  Provost at Wildeshausen 1190.  Elected Bishop of Osnabrück 1191/93, installed 1194.  Archbishop of Bremen 1210.  

4.         OTTO von Wildeshausen (-11 Mar 1218).  Provost at Bremen Cathedral 1193.  Bishop of Münster 1213.  

5.         BEATRIX  von Wildeshausen (-1224 or after).  Abbess of Bassum.  

 

 

HEINRICH [III] von Wildeshausen, son of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Beatrix von Hallermund (-killed in battle near Altenesch 27 May 1234, bur Rastede).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names "comites in Oldenborg…Borchardus et Hinricus duo fratres", specifying that both brothers were buried in "monasterio sancti Martini"[81].  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardum, Henricum…Engelmarum…Wilbrandum” as the four sons of “Beatrix soror Adelheydis comitissa”, daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding that Burchard and Heinrich “occisi sunt a Stadinguis[82].  Graf von Oldenburg and Vogt von Bassum 1207.  

m ERMENTRUD von Stotel, daughter of RUDOLF von Stotel & his wife ---.  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis records that "fratres Hinricus et Borchardus habuerunt duas sorores de Scholis"[83].  “Heynricus comes de Aldenburg et Ermendrudis uxor eius” donated property to Kloster Loccum by charter dated Jul 1222[84].  1234. 

Heinrich [III] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         HEINRICH [V] von Wildeshausen (-1278 or after).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Ludolphum et Hinricum" as sons of "Hinricus comes de Aldenborch"[85].  "Henricus comes de Aldenborch, Elizabeth comitissa" founded Vlotho monastery by charter dated 16 Mar 1258[86].  Graf in Neu-Bruchhausen.  m (Papal dispensation Lyon 11 May 1249) ERMENGARD [Elizabeth] von Hoya, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Hoya (-after 1278).  "Henricus comes de Aldenborch, Elizabeth comitissa" founded Vlotho monastery by charter dated 16 Mar 1258[87].  Heinrich [V] & his wife had three children: 

a)         LUDWIG von Wildeshausen (-[6 Jun 1277/11 Nov 1278]).  

b)         WILBRAND "von Hallermund" .  1278/1292. 

c)         GERHARD [I] "von Hallermund" (-after 8 Sep 1310).  m GISELA, daughter of --- (-after 14 Oct 1362).  Gerhard [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          HEINRICH [VI] von Wildeshausen (-[5 Jun 1359/11 Oct 1362).  Graf in Neu-Bruchhausen.  m LYSE, daughter of --- & his wife Gisela ---.  Heinrich [VI] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GERHARD [II] von Wildeshausen (-killed in battle near Winsen 28 May 1388).  He sold Neu-Bruchhausen for 2000 Mark Pfennige 1 Jul 1384 to Otto Graf von Hoya[88]

(b)       KONRAD von Wildeshausen (-killed in battle near Koldewerf 20 Aug 1368).  m ---.  Konrad & his wife had [one possible child]: 

(1)       [CURT .  1387.] 

(c)       GISELA von Wildeshausen .  Abbess of Bassum 1374/1376. 

2.         LUDOLF von Wildeshausen (-after 24 Jul 1278).  The Historia Monasterii Rastedensis names (in order) "Ludolphum et Hinricum" as sons of "Hinricus comes de Aldenborch"[89].  Graf in Alt-Bruchhausen.  Graf von Oldenburg 1255.  Vogt von Bassum.  m HEDWIG von Wölpe, daughter of KONRAD Graf von Wölpe & his wife --- von Roden (-after 24 Jul 1278).  Ludolf & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         HILDEBOLD [I] von Wildeshausen (-after 8 Sep 1310).  Graf in Alt-Bruchhausen.  Graf von Oldenburg 1281.  m SOPHIE von Ravensburg, daughter of OTTO [III] Graf von Ravensberg & his wife Hedwig zur Lippe (-1328 or after).  "Otto comes, Hattewige comitissa in Ravensberghe" issued a charter dated 17 Nov 1275 for Rule monastery, with the consent of "heredibus nostris Hermanno…et Ottone, Lothewico et Bernardo et filiabus Sophia et Alheide"[90].  "Ludewich lantgreue van Hessen" agreed terms of his future succession in "der herrschaft zu Rauensberg" with "Bernharde greuen zu Rauensberch", with the consent of "unse…motderen Sophien van Brochusen, unde Hedwige van Sweden, unde…die edelen vrauwen Margareten de…greuen Otten eliche wyff was", by charter dated 3 Apr 1338[91].  "Comes Hildeboldus de Brochusen uxori sue domine Sophie" agreed her dower lands by undated charter[92].  Hildebold [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          OTTO von Wildeshausen (-after 24 Sep 1360).  m (before 11 Jul 1306) ODA, daughter of --- (-after 1354).  

ii)         HEDWIG von Wildeshausen (-1348 or after)m CHRISTIAN [VII] Graf von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [II] Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg & his first wife Elisabeth von Braunschweig (-after 29 May 1323). 

iii)        LUDWIG von Wildeshausen .  1321. 

b)         BURCHARD von Wildeshausen (-after 11 Mar 1300).  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1300.  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1296. 

c)         [LUDOLF .  Graf 1293, nobilis 1301.] 

3.         BURCHARD von Wildeshausen .  Canon at Verden Cathedral 1241/1262. 

4.         WILBRAND von Wildeshausen .  1241. 

5.         [RUDOLFEuropäische Stammtafeln[93] shows Rudolf as the possible son of Graf Heinrich [III] or of the latter's brother Graf Burchard.  Graf 1252.] 

 

 

 



[1] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 1, 2 and 9, MGH SS XXV, pp. 498 and 500. 

[2] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 8 and 9, MGH SS XXV, pp. 499 and 500. 

[3] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 9, MGH SS XXV, p. 500. 

[4] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 9, MGH SS XXV, p. 500. 

[5] Jungio, J. H. (1774) (Hannover) Historiæ antiquísima comitatus Benthemiensis, Codex diplomatum et documentorum variorum pro Historia Benthemiensi ("Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi"), III, p. 6. 

[6] Annales Stadenses 1112, MGH SS XVI, pp. 319 and 320. 

[7] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[8] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[9] Annales Stadenses 1112, MGH SS XVI, p. 319. 

[10] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[11] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[12] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis (Vita II addit) MGH SS XII, p. 51. 

[13] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[14] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 504. 

[15] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[16] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[17] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[18] Annales Stadenses 1105, MGH SS XVI, p. 318. 

[19] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[20] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, III, p. 6. 

[21] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[22] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), pp. 100-1. 

[23] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[24] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[25] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[26] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[27] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[28] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[29] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[30] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[31] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[32] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[33] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[34] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[35] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 507. 

[36] ES I.3 277. 

[37] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 36, MGH SS XXV, p. 510. 

[38] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[39] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[40] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[41] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[42] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XL, p. 83. 

[43] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XLI, p. 86. 

[44] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XLVII, p. 97. 

[45] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[46] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 36, MGH SS XXV, p. 510. 

[47] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 36, MGH SS XXV, p. 510. 

[48] ES I.3 277. 

[49] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[50] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[51] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[52] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[53] ES I.3 278. 

[54] ES I.3 278. 

[55] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[56] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 31, MGH SS XXV, p. 508. 

[57] ES I.3 277. 

[58] Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis 12, MGH SS XII, p. 530. 

[59] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[60] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[61] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[62] Annales Stadenses 1168, MGH SS XVI, p. 346.  

[63] ES I.3 276. 

[64] Hodenberg, W. von (ed.) (1858) Calenberger Urkundenbuch, Dritte Abtheilung (Stift Loccum) (Hannover) (“Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum)”) I, pp. 2 and 4. 

[65] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[66] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 

[67] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[68] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[69] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[70] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) 67, p. 53. 

[71] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXX, p. 70. 

[72] ES VIII 99. 

[73] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXXV, p. 74. 

[74] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXX, p. 70. 

[75] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXVI, p. 66. 

[76] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 

[77] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 

[78] Bruch, H. (ed.) (1973) Chronologia Johannes de Beke (The Hague), 67, p. 171, available at < http://www.inghist.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten /KroniekVanJohannesDeBekeTot1430/latijn> (31 Aug 2006). 

[79] Kronijk van Arent toe Bocop, Codex Diplomaticus Neerlandicus, Second Series (Utrecht 1860), vijfde deel, p. 174. 

[80] Annales Stadenses 1164, MGH SS XVI, p. 345.  

[81] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[82] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4. 

[83] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[84] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) 47, p. 42. 

[85] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[86] Lamey, A. (1779) Diplomatische Geschichte der alten Grafen von Ravensberg (Mannheim) ("Ravensberg Codex"), XXXVIII, 40. 

[87] Ravensberg Codex, XXXVIII, 40. 

[88] ES I.3 276. 

[89] Historia Monasterii Rastedensis 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 505. 

[90] Ravensberg Codex, LVI, 56. 

[91] Ravensberg Codex, CXVIII, 108. 

[92] Ravensberg Codex, CXIX, 109. 

[93] ES I.3 276.