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PALATINATE

  v4.1 Updated 04 December 2017

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN [1138]-1155, STAHLECK. 3

Chapter 2.                PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN 1156-1195, STAUFEN. 5

Chapter 3.                PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN 1195-1214, WELF. 6

Chapter 4.                PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN, KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ, WITTELSBACH. 9

A.         PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN 1214-1410, DUKES of BAVARIA.. 9

B.         ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1410-1559. 20

Chapter 5.                GRAFEN von SPONHEIM.. 25

Chapter 6.                GRAFEN von VELDENZ. 39

A.         GRAFEN von VELDENZ. 40

B.         PFALZGRAFEN zu VELDENZ. 45

Chapter 7.                GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÚCKEN. 49

A.         GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÚCKEN.. 49

B.         PFALZGRAFEN von SIMMERN.. 53

C.        PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN.. 56

D.        PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN zu LANDSBERG, HERZOG von ZWEIBRÜCKEN 1661-1681. 63

E.         PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN zu KLEEBURG, HERZOGEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN 1718-1731. 66

F.         PFALZGRAFEN und HERZOGEN von NEUBURG.. 68

G.        PFALZGRAFEN von SULZBACH, HERZOGEN von SULZBACH.. 70

H.        PFALZGRAFEN von BIRKENFELD, HERZOGEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN 1731-1799. 73

Chapter 8.                 ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1559-1685. 79

Chapter 9.                 ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1685-1742. 86

Chapter 10.                  ELECTOR PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1742-1799. 89

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

The original role of the holder of the title "Pfalzgraf", of which there was only one in each of the original German provinces, is not known although it is probable that it related to a function at the ducal court similar to that of the palatine at the court of the Carolingian emperors[1].  Whatever the origin and original reason for the title, it became attached as an honorific to the name of the geographical base of the family who held it from time to time.  The Pfalzgrafen in the lower Rhine area were originally associated with Lotharingia.  Most of the holders of the title held land in the duchy of Lower Lotharingia.  At some point during the first half of the 12th century, the Pfalzgrafen became associated with completely different territories in Franconia and gradually came to be known as "Pfalzgrafen bei Rhein".  Presumably by this time they had lost whatever administrative role they held in Lotharingia and acquired a broader role in relation to the central monarchy. 

 

The first Pfalzgraf shown by contemporary records as clearly associated with Franconia was Hermann von Stahleck, who succeeded Heinrich von Babenberg as Pfalzgraf in 1141.  His predecessor "Pfalzgrafen von Lothringen" are shown in the document LOTHARINGIA, but the families of Hermann and his successors are shown here.  Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" appointed his first cousin Konrad von Staufen as Pfalzgraf in 1156.  The territories assigned to Konrad were in the Rhineland and had no association with Lotharingia.  He can therefore be considered the first Pfalzgrafen bei Rhein. 

 

On the death of Pfalzgraf Konrad in 1195, the title passed to his son-in-law Heinrich von Sachsen, son of Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony and Bavaria.  He abdicated as Pfalzgraf in 1212 in favour of his son Heinrich II.  On the death of Pfalzgraf Heinrich II in 1214, Ludwig Duke of Bavaria claimed the succession to the Pfalzgrafschaft, although he appears to have had no hereditary right.  His claim was challenged by the late Heinrich's father, formerly Pfalzgraf Heinrich I, who had previously given up the Pfalzgrafschaft in favour of his son.  This stalemate continued until the death of Pfalzgraf Heinrich I in 1227, when Duke Ludwig was left as unchallenged Pfalzgraf but resigned the position to his son Otto, who had married the younger daughter of Heinrich I. 

 

The "Bavarian" vote in elections to appoint the kings of Germany seems to have become attributed to the position of Pfalzgraf some time in the 1220s or early 1230s, both titles being held by Otto II Duke of Bavaria when he voted as such for the first time in 1237.  The process by which this occurred is far from clear.  The 1273 election of King Rudolf I marked an evolution in the role of the Pfalzgraf in the electoral process: after the electors agreed on the successful candidate, Pfalzgraf Ludwig II was appointed to elect the king on behalf of the whole body of electors.  A similar procedure was followed in the election of Henri de Luxembourg as King Heinrich VII[2].  

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN [1138]-1155, STAHLECK

 

 

1.         GOSWIN [I] .  Graf in Bamberg. 

 

2.         GOSWIN [II] (-after 1099).  Graf in Bamberg 1087.

 

3.         GOSWIN [III] (-after 1140).  Graf von Büchstadt an der Aisch.  Von Stahleck [1122], Graf von Stahleck 1135.  He and his son founded the Abbey of Münchenrach in [1133][3]m (before 15 May 1108) as her second husband, LIUTGARD von Hengebach, widow of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of ADELGER von Hengebach & his wife Judith ---.  Her two marriages are confirmed by the undated charter under which Konrad III King of Germany confirmed an exchange of property between the archbishop of Köln and the abbot of Sprengirsbach, witnessed by "Herimannus Palatinus comes de Reno et frater suus Heinricus de Cacenelenboge…"[4].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Goswin [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HERMANN von Stahleck (-Ebrach 2 Oct 1156, bur Ebrach, transferred to Bildhausen).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Bildhausen 1137/1140.  Graf von Höchstadt 1137/1142.  Graf von Stahleck 1138.  He was installed in [1138] as HERMANN III Pfalzgraf [von Lothringen] by his brother-in-law Konrad III King of Germany.  "Heremannus palatinus comes de Stahelekke" assumed the Vogtei of Kloster Lorch, at the request of "domne Gertrudis…contoralis nostre fratrisque sui Friderici…ducis Swevie", by charter dated 1138[5].  "Hermannus palatinus comes, Heinricus comes frater suus de Catenelenbog, hirsutus comes" (the latter being Pfalzgraf Hermann's uterine half-brother) witnessed the charter dated 1149 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz settled a dispute between Kloster Hasungen and Stifte Fritzlar[6]"Herimannus palatinus comes de Reno et frater eius Heinricus de Cacenelenboge" were among those recorded as present in the Sententia contra temeritates ministerialium pronounced by Konrad III King of Germany by charter dated 21 Aug 1149[7]The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records that "Otto palatinus comes de Rinegh castellanus in Benthem sororius Theodrici comitis Hollandie" was murdered by "Hermanno comite de Stalik"[8]The Annales Sancti Disibodi (Continuatio) name "Hermannus palatinus comes…" among those present with the king when he celebrated Christmas at Worms in 1155[9]The document dated 17 Sep 1156 established the duchy of Austria is witnessed by "…Hermannus comes palatinus de Reno…"[10].  He resigned as Pfalzgraf in 1155.  He founded Kloster Bildhausen in 1156.  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death of "Hermannus palatinus comes" in 1156[11]m ([1127]) GERTRUD von Staufen, daughter of FRIEDRICH I Duke of Swabia & his wife Agnes of Germany (-after 1182).  "Heremannus palatinus comes de Stahelekke" assumed the Vogtei of Kloster Lorch, at the request of "domne Gertrudis…contoralis nostre fratrisque sui Friderici…ducis Swevie", by charter dated 1138[12]She founded Kloster St Theodor in Bamberg, where she became a nun as FIDES.  [Another source incorrectly indicates that Hermann’s wife was Gertrud von Wettin, daughter of Konrad I "der Grosse" Graf von Wettin, Brehna, Camburg und Eilenburg, Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz & his wife Luitgard von ElchingenThe Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife, specifying that Gertrud married "palatino Reni" and founded "ecclesiam in honore beati Theodori Bavenberg" after her husband died[13], but this apparent parentage of the wife of Pfalzgraf Hermann is disproved by the charter dated 1138 which is quoted above.]  A charter dated 22 May 1158 under which Arnold Archbishop of Mainz confirmed property of the convent of Rupertsberg bei Bingen refers to a donation by "Hermannus palatinus de Reno…cum uxore sua Gertrude", confirmed by "vidua predicti Hermanni" after the latter's death[14].  Hermann III & his wife had children: 

i)          children, alive in 1136, sons died before 1156[15]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN 1156-1195, STAUFEN

 

 

KONRAD von Staufen, son of FRIEDRICH II Duke of Swabia [Staufen] & his second wife Agnes von Saarbrücken ([1134/36]-8 Nov 1195, bur Kloster Schönau bei Heidelberg).  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising names "Conradum, qui palatinus comes Rheni…et Clariciam, Ludewici Thuringiæ comitis uxorem" as the two children of Duke Friedrich & his second wife[16]The Urspergensium Chronicon names "Cuonradum" as son of "Friedrich I pater ipsius" & his second wife[17]He was appointed KONRAD Pfalzgraf [von Lothringen] in 1156, but appears to have held jurisdiction in a territory in the Rhineland unlike his predecessors.  As he appears to have had no connection with Lotharingia, it is more appropriate to consider him as Pfalzgraf bei Rhein.  Vogt of Worms cathedral.  Vogt of Lorsch. 

m firstly ELISABETH von Stahleck, or --- von Sponheim, daughter of GOTTFRIED I Graf von Sponheim & his wife --- (-[1159/60]). 

m secondly ([1159]) IRMGARD von Henneberg, of BERTHOLD [I] Graf von Henneberg & his wife Bertha --- (-15 Jul 1197, bur Kloster Schönau bei Heidelberg).  Bobpo comes de Hennenberc...genetrix nostra Berhda comitissa...et germane nostre...Irmingardis palatina Rheni et Lwggardis palatina de Saxonia” donated property “in Hindirnahe” to Kloster Vessra, to take effect after the death of their mother, by undated charter[18]

Pfalzgraf Konrad & his first wife had one child:

1.         GOTTFRIED von Staufen (-[1187/88]).  m as her first husband, AGNES ---.  She married secondly ([1188]) ---.  Gottfried & his wife had two children: 

a)         FRIEDRICH von Staufen .

b)         daughter.

Pfalzgraf Konrad & his second wife had three children:

2.         FRIEDRICH von Staufen (-3 Sep before 1189).  

3.         KONRAD von Staufen (-[1186], bur Kloster Schönau). 

4.         AGNES von Staufen (1176-Stade 9/10 May 1204, bur Stade St Marien).  The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names "filiam Conradi palatini fratris Friderici imperatoris, Agnetam" as wife of "Heinricum…palatinum Reni", specifying that she was buried "in ecclesie beate Virginis apud Stadium"[19].  Heiress of the Pfalzgrafschaft.  Her marriage was arranged by her mother who wanted to avoid a marriage with Philippe II King of France[20].  Although her marriage was opposed by her cousin Emperor Heinrich VI, it presented an opportunity for a reconciliation between the Welf and Staufen families[21].  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "VI Id Mai" of "Agnes palatina Reni"[22].  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "VI Id Mai" of "Agnes palatina Reni"[23]m (Burg Stahleck end 1193) as his first wife, HEINRICH von Sachsen, son of HEINRICH "der Löwe" ex-Duke of Saxony and Bavaria & his second wife Matilda of England ([1173]-Braunschweig 28 Apr 1227, bur Braunschweig cathedral).  He succeeded in 1195 as HEINRICH I Pfalzgraf bei RheinHerzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg 1213. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN 1195-1214, WELF

 

 

HEINRICH von Sachsen, son of HEINRICH "der Löwe" ex-Duke of Saxony and Bavaria [Welf] & his second wife Matilda of England ([1173/74]-Braunschweig 28 Apr 1227, bur Braunschweig Cathedral).  The Chronicon Montis Serreni names (in order) "Heinricum comitem Palatinum Reni, Othonem imperatorem, Willehelmus de Luneburch, Luderum" as children of "Heinricus dux de Bruneswich" & his wife "soror Rikardi regis Anglie"[24].  He accompanied his parents to England in 1182[25]Vogt of Gotzlar 1204.  He campaigned with Heinrich VI King of Germany in Italy in 1190, but deserted in southern Italy and was outlawed at Worms in May 1192[26].  He was restored to favour by the Emperor in Jan 1194 at Würzburg following his marriage[27]He succeeded in 1195 as HEINRICH I Pfalzgraf bei Rhein.  He was deposed in 1212.  Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg 1213.  The Libro Memoriarum Sancti Blasii records the death in Apr 1227 of "Hinricus dux Saxonie et comes palatine Reni"[28].  The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis records that "Heinricum…palatinum Reni" was buried "Bruneswic…in ecclesie beati Blasii"[29]

m firstly (Burg Stahleck [Dec 1193/Jan 1194]) AGNES von Staufen, daughter of KONRAD von Staufen Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his second wife Irmgard von Henneberg (1176-Stade 9/10 May 1204, bur Stade St Marien).  The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names "filiam Conradi palatini fratris Friderici imperatoris, Agnetam" as wife of "Heinricum…palatinum Reni", specifying that she was buried "in ecclesie beate Virginis apud Stadium"[30].  Heiress of the Pfalzgrafschaft.  Her marriage was arranged by her mother who wanted to avoid a marriage with Philippe II King of France[31].  Although opposed by her cousin Emperor Heinrich VI, it presented an opportunity for a reconciliation between the Welf and Staufen families[32]The Annales Stadenses records the death of "Agnes uxor Heinrici ducis et palatini comitis" and her burial "in ecclesia beatæ Virginis apud Stadium"[33]The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "VI Id Mai" of "Agnes palatina Reni"[34]

m secondly (1211) AGNES von Wettin, daughter of KONRAD von Landsberg Graf von Groitzsch und Sommerschenburg [Wettin] & his wife Elžbieta of Poland (-1 Jan 1248, bur Wienhausen).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Machtildem…et Agnetem" as the two daughters of "Conradus marchio filius Dedonis" & his wife, specifying that Agnes married "Heinricus palatinus Reni frater Othonis imperatoris"[35]

Heinrich I & his first wife had three children:

1.         HEINRICH ([1196]-25 Apr 1214, bur Kloster Schönau bei Heidelberg)The Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis names "Henricum" as son of "Heinricum…palatinum Reni" & his wife, specifying that he died poisoned[36]He succeeded his father in 1212 as HEINRICH II Pfalzgraf bei Rhein.  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "VII Kal Mai" of "Heinricus iunior palatinus"[37]m (Aachen end-Nov 1212) as her first husband, MATHILDE de Brabant, daughter of HENRI I "le Guerroyeur" Duke of Brabant & his first wife Mathilde de Flandre (-22 Dec 1267, bur Loosduinen Cistercian Abbey).  The Oude Kronik van Brabant names "Mariam, conthoralem Ottonis Quartus Romanorum imperatoris, Aleydam comitssam Auernie, Margaretam comitissam Gerardi comitis Ghelrie et Mechteldim, primo quidem comitissam Palatinam Rheni, postea…comitissam Hollandie" as the daughters of "Henricus…primus, dux Lotharingie" and his wife "Mechteldim, filiam Mathei Boloniensis comitis"[38]The Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Heredum Franciæ names "Machtildem [uxor] Florentius comes Hollandie" as the fourth of the four daughters of "Henricus dux" & his wife Mathilde[39]The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Floris IV and "Machtildim filiam Henrici ducis Brabancie"[40]She married secondly (5 Dec 1214) Floris IV Count of HollandThe Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the death "1267 VI Kal Ian" of "Machtildis comitissa" and her burial "apud puellæ cystersiensis ordinis Losdunensis monasterii"[41]

2.         IRMGARD ([1200]-Lichtenthal 24 Feb 1260, bur Kloster Lichtental).  The Annales Stadenses records the betrothal in Hamburg in 1202 of "duci Danorum" and "filiam fratris sui [=regis Otto] Heinrici"[42].  Although the daughter in question is not named, it is probable that it was the older daughter Irmgard.  The Altahenses Annales name "Iringarde sorore domine Agnetis ducisse Bawarie" as mother of "Hermannus marchio de Baden"[43].  The Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ names "Heinricus…comes palatinus Rheni…alteram filiam…Yrngardam" as wife of "Hermannus marchio de Baden"[44].  "Irmengardis relicta Hermanni Marchioni de Baden, soror ducissæ Bavaricæ" founded Kloster Lichtenthal in 1245, confirmed in 1246 by "Irmengardis marchionissa cum duobus filiis suis marchionibus…Hermanno et Rudolpho"[45]The Chronicle of Lichtenthal records the donation of land "in Sunnesheim" made for the anniversary of "marchionis antiqui Hermanni et piæ memoriæ domnæ marchionissæ uxoris eius Irmingardis, fundatricis claustri hujus, et filii eius…ducis Austriæ Hermanni"[46]Betrothed (Hamburg 1202) to VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conqueror" King of Denmark, son of VALDEMAR I "den Store/the Great" King of Denmark & his wife Sofia Volodarovna of Novgorod [Rurikid] ([28 Jun] 1170-Vordingborg 28 Mar 1241, bur Ringsted Church)m ([1217]) HERMANN V Markgraf von Baden, son of HERMANN IV Markgraf von Baden & his wife Udalhildis --- (-15/16 Jan 1243, bur Backnang, transferred 1248 to Kloster Lichtental).

3.         AGNES ([1201]-16 Nov 1267, bur Scheyern)The Notæ Sancti Emeranni record the marriage of "Otto dux Bawarie" and "filiam Heinrici palatine Rheni"[47].  The Altahenses Annales name "Agnes ducissa Bawarie" when recording the birth of her son Ludwig[48]The necrology of Fürstenfeld records the death "XVI Kal Dec" of "Agnes ducissa mater fundatoris nostri"[49].  The necrology of Weltenburg records the death "XVI Kal Dec" of "Agnnes ducissa Wabarie"[50].  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "XVI Kal Nov" of "Agnetis coma palatina Reni ducissa Bawarie"[51]m (Worms May 1222) OTTO von Bayern, son of LUDWIG I Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his wife Ludmila of Bohemia (Kelheim 1206-Landshut 29 Nov 1253, bur Scheyern).  Pfalzgraf bei Rhein 1228.  He succeeded his father in 1231 as OTTO II "der Erlauchte" Duke of Bavaria

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN, KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ, WITTELSBACH

 

 

 

A.      PFALZGRAFEN bei RHEIN 1214-1410, DUKES of BAVARIA

 

 

LUDWIG von Wittelsbach, son of OTTO I Duke of Bavaria [Wittelsbach] & his wife Agnes de Looz (23 Nov 1173-murdered on the Kelheimer Bridge 15 Sep 1231, bur Scheyern).  The Chronicon Schirense names "Ludwicum…parvulum" as heir of "Otto palatinus comes"[52].  He succeeded his father in 1183 as LUDWIG I Duke of Bavaria.  On the death of Pfalzgraf Heinrich II [Welf] in 1214, Duke Ludwig claimed to succeed as LUDWIG Pfalzgraf bei Rhein: a charter dated to [Oct] 1214 records that “Ludewicus...palatinus comes Rheni et dux Bavarie”, having been defeated “a militia domini regis Friderici de inferiori Germania", donated property to Kloster Schönau[53].  Ludwig did not receive immediate imperial recognition of this new title: “...Ludovicus dux Bavarie...” witnessed the charter dated Dec 1214 under which “Fridericus secundus...Romanorum rex" agreed an alliance with Valdemar II King of Denmark[54].  Ludwig’s position as Pfalzgraf was recognised by Friedrich II King of Germany before 2 Apr 1215, the date of a charter under which “Fridericus secundus...Romanorum rex" confirmed the privileges of Palermo cathedral, witnessed by “...L. palatinus comes Reni et dux Bavarie...[55].  Ludwig was challenged as Pfalzgraf by Heinrich's father, formerly Pfalzgraf Heinrich I, who had given up the Pfalzgrafschaft in favour of his son.  On the death of Pfalzgraf Heinrich I in 1227, Duke Ludwig was unchallenged as Pfalzgraf but resigned the position to his son Otto. 

1.         OTTO von Bayern (Kelheim 1206-Landshut 29 Nov 1253, bur Scheyern).  He succeeded his father as OTTO Pfalzgraf bei Rhein in 1228.  He succeeded his father in 1231 as OTTO II "der Erlauchte" Duke of Bavaria.  . 

a)         LUDWIG von Bayern (Heidelberg 13 Apr 1229-Heidelberg 2 Feb 1294, bur Kloster Fürstenfeld).  He succeeded his father in 1253 as LUDWIG II "der Strenge" joint Duke of Bavaria, jointly with his brother Heinrich I.  Divided the family's territories with his younger brother 1255, and became Duke of Upper Bavaria (Oberbayern) and LUDWIG II Pfalzgraf bei Rhein

i)          RUDOLF von Bayern (4 Oct 1274-[11/13] Aug 1319).  He succeeded his father in 1294 as RUDOLF I Duke of Bavaria and Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, with the Electorship. 

          -        see below

ii)         other children: see BAVARIA

iii)        LUDWIG von Bayern ([Feb/Mar] 1282-Puch bei Fürstenfeldbruck 11 Oct 1347, bur Munich Unsere Liebe Frau).  His brother associated him with the Government 1300 or 1304 as LUDWIG IV "der Bayer" joint Duke of Upper Bavaria and joint Pfalzgraf bei Rhein (the single electoral vote being held jointly), and partitioned his Bavarian territories with him 1310.  In 1313, Ludwig became sole Duke of Bavaria.  Elected LUDWIG King of Germany at Frankfurt-am-Main 20 Oct 1314, crowned at Aachen 25 Nov 1314.  He deprived his brother Rudolf I of the Palatinate in 1314, and forced him to abdicate in his favour in 1317, from which time King Ludwig governed all the territories alone.  Crowned King of Italy at Milan 31 May 1327.  Crowned Emperor LUDWIG[56] at Rome 17 Jan 1328.  In 1329, he agreed the Convention of Pavia with his nephews Rudolf II and Ruprecht I under which the latter jointly received the Palatinate while Ludwig IV continued as sole ruler of Upper Bavaria.   

-         DUKES of BAVARIA

 

 

RUDOLF von Bayern, son of LUDWIG II "der Strenge" Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his third wife Mechtild von Habsburg (4 Oct 1274-[11/13] Aug 1319).  The Annales Basilienses record that "filia regis Rudolfi, ducissa Bavarie" gave birth to a son "circa IV Non Oct" in 1274[57].  The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses name "Rudolfum…primogenitus…et Ludovicum ducem iuniorem" as sons of Duke Ludwig & his third wife[58]The Ratisponensis Annales name "primogenitus Rudolfus" as one of the two sons of "Ludwicus comes palatinus Reni dux Bawarie"[59]He succeeded his father in 1294 as RUDOLF I joint Duke of Upper Bavaria and joint Pfalzgraf bei Rhein.  Abdicated 1317.  The necrology of Fürstenfeld records the death "Id Aug" of "Rudolfus dux filius fundatoris nostri"[60]

m (Nürnberg 1 Sep 1294) MATHILDE von Nassau, daughter of ADOLF King of Germany Graf von Nassau in Wiesbaden & his wife Imagina von Isenburg-Limburg (before 1280-Heidelberg 19 Jun 1323, bur Klarenthal).  Andreas von Regensburg’s early 15th century Chronica records that “Rudolfus frater Ludwici imperatoris comes palatinus Reni” married “Methildi...filia Adolfi regis Romanorum[61].  The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses record the marriage of "filiam Romanorum regis Adolfi…Mechtildim" and Duke Rudolf within a few days of his father's death[62].  The Chronicon Elwacense records the marriage "in Nurnberg 4 Non Sep 1294" of "Rudolfo duci Bavariæ" and "Adolfus rex Romanorum filiam suam"[63]

Rudolf I & his wife had five children: 

1.         LUDWIG (1297-before 5 Apr 1311, bur Fürstenfeld).  Betrothed (28 Nov 1308) to MARIE de Luxembourg, daughter of HEINRICH IX King of Germany & his wife Marguerite de Brabant (1305-Issoudun, Indre Mar 1324, bur Montargis, Loiret, église des religieuses de Saint-Dominique).  The Chronica de Gestis Principum of the monks of Fürstenfeld records the election of Henri de Luxembourg as Heinrich IX King of Germany (dated to 27 Nov 1308) followed by the betrothal of "Rudolfus dux Bawarie…filium suum" to "filie eius"[64]

2.         ADOLF (Wolfratshausen 27 Sep 1300-Neustadt/Weinstr 29 Jan 1327, bur Kloster Schönau bei Heidelberg)The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "Adolfum, Rudolfum et Rubertum" as the three sons of "Rudolfo duci Bawarie palatino Reni" and his wife[65]The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses name (in order) "Rudolfum, Adolfum, Rupertum" as the three sons of Duke Rudolf & his wife[66].  Andreas von Regensburg’s early 15th century Chronica names “Rudolfum, Rupertum et Adolfum” as the three sons of “Rudolfus frater Ludwici imperatoris comes palatinus Reni” and his wife “Methildi...filia Adolfi regis Romanorum[67].  He succeeded in 1319 as ADOLF Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, in the Lower Palatinate and as Elector, reconciling himself with his uncle on the death of his father.  m ([Jul 1320]) IRMENGARD von Oettingen, daughter of LUDWIG VI Graf von Oettingen & his second wife Agnes von Württemberg ([1304]-Kloster Liebenau 6 Nov 1399, bur Kloster Liebenau). The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "filium et filiam, uxorem Adolfi Bawari Reni Palatini" as the children of "Ludowico seniori de Oetingen" and his wife "sorore comitis de Wirtenberg"[68]The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses record the marriage of "filiam comitis de Otingen" and Duke Adolf[69].  She became a nun at Kloster Liebenau, near Worms.  Adolf & his wife had one child: 

a)         RUPRECHT ADOLF Pfalzgraf (Amberg 12 May 1325-Amberg 6 Jan 1398, bur Schönau).  The chronicle of Matthias Nuewenburgensis names "dux Rupertus Bawarie iunior, filius quondam Adolfi Palatini" when recording his marriage[70].  He agreed the Convention of Pavia 4 Aug 1329 with his great-uncle Emperor Ludwig IV, under which the latter became sole ruler of Upper Bavaria, while he succeeded as RUPRECHT II joint Pfalzgraf bei Rhein und in der Oberpfalz, Herzog in Bayern, jointly with his two uncles. 

-        see below

3.         RUDOLF (Wolfratshausen 8 Aug 1306-Neustadt 4 Oct 1353, bur Neustadt St Aegidius)The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "Adolfum, Rudolfum et Rubertum" as the three sons of "Rudolfo duci Bawarie palatino Reni" and his wife[71]The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses name (in order) "Rudolfum, Adolfum, Rupertum" as the three sons of Duke Rudolf & his wife[72].  Andreas von Regensburg’s early 15th century Chronica names “Rudolfum, Rupertum et Adolfum” as the three sons of “Rudolfus frater Ludwici imperatoris comes palatinus Reni” and his wife “Methildi...filia Adolfi regis Romanorum[73].  He agreed the Convention of Pavia 4 Aug 1329 with his uncle Ludwig IV, under which the latter became sole ruler of Upper Bavaria, while he succeeded as RUDOLF II "der Blinde" Pfalzgraf bei Rhein und in der Oberpfalz, Herzog in Bayern, jointly with his nephew and younger brother.  He partitioned his territories with his nephew and younger brother 1338, retaining the larger part of the Palatinate and a part of the Oberpfalz.  m firstly (1328) ANNA von Görz-Tirol, daughter of OTTO II Duke of Carinthia & his wife Euphemia von Liegnitz [Piast] ([1300-[16 May 1331/4 Jul 1335], [26 Jun ----), bur Schönau).  The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses record the marriage of "filiam ducis Karinthie dictam de Sarentein" and Duke Rudolf[74].  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "VI Kal Jun" of "Anna coma Reni ducissa Bavarie"[75]m secondly (Betrothed Neustadt 14 Dec 1344, 1348) MARGHERITA of Sicily, daughter of FEDERIGO I King of Sicily [Aragon] & his wife Eléonore of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] (1331-Neustadt 1377, bur Neustadt St Aegidius).  The betrothal of Pfalgraf Rudolf and "Margarethe tochter könig Friedrichs von Sicilien" was dated at Neustadt 14 Dec 1344, which provides details of her dowry[76].  Rudolf II & his first wife had one child: 

a)         ANNA (26 Sep 1329-Prague 2 Feb 1353, bur Prague St Veit).  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon records the marriage in 1349 of "Dominus Karolus, Romanorum et Boemiæ Rex" and "Annam filiam Comitis Palatini Reni", adding that he dowry was "civitatem et districtum Sulczbach cum pluribus castris"[77]The History of Henricus Dapifer de Diessenhoven records the marriage in May 1349 of "Karolus Romanorum rex" and "filia ducis Rudolfi…frater ducis Ruperti comitis Palatini Reni"[78]She was crowned Queen of Germany 26 Jul 1349 at Aachen.  The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon records the death "in vigilia Purificationis beatæ Virginis" in 1352 (O.S.) of "Domina Anna, filia Comitis Palatini de Reno, coniunx Domini Karoli" and her burial "in ecclesia Pragensi"[79]m (contract Bacharach [4] Mar 1349, May 1349) as his second wife, KARL IV King of Germany and Bohemia Comte de Luxembourg, son of JAN I King of Bohemia [JEAN I Comte de Luxembourg] & his first wife Eliska [Elisabeth] of Bohemia [Přemyslid] (Prague 14 May 1316-Prague 29 Nov 1378, bur Prague St Veit's Cathedral).  Crowned Emperor Karl IV at Rome 5 Apr 1355.  

Rudolf II had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

b)         ANNA (-after 20 Dec 1368)Ruprecht I Pfalzgraf bei Rhein granted dowry to "Anne seines bruders Rudolf…tochter, die er Richwin von Mannendal zum weibe gegeben" dated 15 Nov 1361[80]m (before 15 Nov 1361) RICHWIN von Mannendal, son of --- (-after 20 Dec 1368).

c)          KONRAD Hannes .  Ruprecht I Pfalzgraf bei Rhein granted property to "Conrad Hannes seines bruders Rudolfs sohn" dated 2 Nov 1362[81].

4.         RUPRECHT (Wolfratshausen 9 Jun 1309-Neustadt 16 Feb 1390, bur Neustadt St Aegidius).  The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis names "Adolfum, Rudolfum et Rubertum" as the three sons of "Rudolfo duci Bawarie palatino Reni" and his wife[82].  The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses name (in order) "Rudolfum, Adolfum, Rupertum" as the three sons of Duke Rudolf & his wife[83].  Andreas von Regensburg’s early 15th century Chronica names “Rudolfum, Rupertum et Adolfum” as the three sons of “Rudolfus frater Ludwici imperatoris comes palatinus Reni” and his wife “Methildi...filia Adolfi regis Romanorum[84].  He agreed the Convention of Pavia 4 Aug 1329 with his uncle Ludwig IV, under which the latter became sole ruler of Upper Bavaria, while he succeeded as RUPRECHT I "der Rote" joint Pfalzgraf bei Rhein und in der Oberpfalz, Herzog in Bayern, jointly with his nephew and older brother.  He partitioned the territories with his nephew and older brother 1338.  He succeeded his older brother 1353 in the territories which had been allocated to the latter in 1338, and became sole Elector.  Bought the County of Simmern 1359 from the Raugrafen.  By Treaty with his nephew 1368, he irrevocably set the list of territories which comprised the Electorate.  He acquired Zweibrücken 1385 from Eberhard last Graf von Zweibrücken.  He founded the University of Heidelberg 1386.  The necrology of Neustadt records the death 16 Feb 1390 of "dux Rupertus senior, fundator huius ecclesiæ Nova civitatis"[85]m firstly ([Autumn 1350/Summer 1358]) ELISABETH de Namur, daughter of JEAN I Marquis de Namur [Flandre-Dampierre] & his second wife Marie d'Artois [Capet] (1329-Heidelberg 29 Mar 1382, bur Heidelberg Franciscan Kloster) .  The necrology of Neustadt records the death 29 Mar 1382 of "Elizabeth comitissa de Namen, nata de domo Franciæ, uxor Ruperti senioris, electoris imperii, comitis palatini Reni, fundatoris huius ecclesiæ"[86]m secondly (contract 23 May 1385, before 14 Nov 1385) BEATRIX von Berg, daughter of WILHELM VII Duke of Jülich, Graf von Berg und Ravensberg & his wife Anna Pfalzgräfin bei Rhein (-Heidelberg 16 May 1395, bur Neustadt St Aegidius).  The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses record the marriage of "filiam comitis de Guliche" and Duke Ruprecht[87]"Ruprecht der Elter…pfaltzgreve by Rine, des heiligen Romschen richs obirster trochsess und hertzog in Beyren" agreed to marry "Wilhelm von Gulche hertzogen zum Berge und greuen zu Rauensperg unsrem…swager…Beatrix sine…dochter" by charter dated 23 May 1385[88].  The necrology of Neustadt records the death 16 May 1395 of "Beatrix filia ducis de Monte, uxor Ruperti senioris, fundatoris huius ecclesiæ"[89]Ruprecht I had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:    

a)         RUPRECHT [Heinrich] .  Ruprecht I Pfalzgraf bei Rhein granted revenue to "Ruprecht unserm sun, den man Heinrich nennt" from customs duties at Mannheim dated 11 Mar 1355[90].  Ruprecht I Pfalzgraf bei Rhein granted "den hof genannt der ´marschalk´zu Heidelberg" to "seinem sohne Ruprecht, den man nennet Heinrich" dated 27 Jul 1358[91]von Schonenberg 1358.  m (before 1 Feb 1358) --- von Grasbock von Weinheim, daughter of ---.  Ruprecht I Pfalzgraf bei Rhein granted property to "Ruprecht von Schonenberg, den man nennet Heinrich" for "dessen frau, Frolin Graslocks…tochter von Weinheim" from customs duties at Mannheim dated 1 Feb 1358[92]

5.         MECHTILD (1312-25 Nov 1375, bur Himmerod).  The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses name "Mechthildim" as the daughter of Duke Rudolf & his wife, referring to her husband as "comiti de Spanheim"[93]m ([28 Jun 1330/20 Sep 1331]) JOHANN III Graf von Sponheim zu Starkenburg (-20 Dec 1398, bur Himmerod). 

 

 

RUPRECHT ADOLF Pfalzgraf, son of ADOLF Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his wife Irmengard von Oettingen (Amberg 12 May 1325-Amberg 6 Jan 1398, bur Schönau).  The chronicle of Matthias Nuewenburgensis names "dux Rupertus Bawarie iunior, filius quondam Adolfi Palatini" when recording his marriage[94].  He agreed the Convention of Pavia 4 Aug 1329 with his great-uncle Emperor Ludwig IV, under which the latter became sole ruler of Upper Bavaria, while he succeeded as RUPRECHT II joint Pfalzgraf bei Rhein und in der Oberpfalz, Herzog in Bayern, jointly with his two uncles.  He partitioned the territories with his two uncles 1338.  The custom that the Pfalzgraf bei Rhein was one of the seven Electors of the Empire was irrevocably confirmed in 1356 by the Golden Bull of Emperor Karl IV, which also decreed that the Pfalzgraf should be imperial administrator of Swabia and all lands under Frankish law in the absence of the Emperor[95].  By Treaty with his uncle 1368, he irrevocably set the list of territories which comprised the Electorate.  He became sole Pfalzgraf bei Rhein 1390 on the death of his uncle Pfalzgraf Ruprecht I. 

m (Papal dispensation 14 May 1345, before 1346) BEATRICE of Sicily, daughter of PIETRO II King of Sicily [Aragon] & his wife Elisabeth von Görz [Tirol] (1326-Heidelberg 12 Oct 1365, bur Schönau).  The chronicle of Matthias Nuewenburgensis records that "dux Rupertus Bawarie iunior, filius quondam Adolfi Palatini habens uxorem Siculam"[96]The necrology of Neustadt records the death 12 Oct 1365 of "Beatrix regina de Sicilia mater Ruperti regis Romanorum et conthoralis ducis Ruperti Brandicii"[97]

Ruprecht II & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ANNA (1346-30 Nov 1415)"Ruprecht…pallentzgreff bi Rine, des heiligen Romschen richs obrister truchsezze und hertzog in Beihern, und…Ruprecht der jungere von derselben…pallentzgreff bi Rine und hertzog in Beihern" agreed with "Wilhelm von Gulch grefe von dem Berge und von Rauensberg" the marriage of the latter and "Annen unsers hertzogen Ruprechts des jungern…tochter" by charter dated 24 May 1363[98]m (contract St Goar 24 May 1363) WILHELM [VII] Graf von Berg und Ravensberg, son of GERHARD [VI] Graf von Jülich & his wife Margareta von Ravensberg (-25 Jun 1408, bur Kloster Altenberg).  He succeeded as Duke of Jülich. 

2.         FRIEDRICH (1347-young).  

3.         JOHANN (1349-young).  

4.         MECHTILD (1350-after 2 Oct 1413)m firstly [HEINRICH II] Graf von Veldenz [Geroldseck über Rhein], son of --- (-[1378]).  m secondly (Heidelberg 1379, before 24 Sep) SIGOST Landgraf von Leuchtenberg, son of JOHANN [I] von Leuchtenberg & his first wife Mecella [Metze] von Rosenberg (-after 8 Feb 1398).  Landvogt in Swabia 1389-1392. 

5.         ELISABETH ([1351]-after 4 Jul 1360).

6.         RUPRECHT (Amberg 5 May 1352-Schloß Landskron bei Oppenheim 18 May 1410, bur Heidelberg Heiliges Geist).  Andreas von Regensburg’s early 15th century Chronica names “Rupertum...Chlem” as the son of “Rupertus[99].  He succeeded his father in 1398 as RUPRECHT III "Klemb" Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern.  Elected King of Germany at Rhens 21 Aug 1400, crowned 7 Jan 1401 at Köln. 

-        see below.  

7.         ADOLF (1355-1358, bur Kloster Liebenau).

Ruprecht II had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

8.          ELSE von Stromberg .  1392.  Nun at Liebenau near Worms..

 

 

RUPRECHT Pfalzgraf, son of RUPRECHT II Pfalzgraf bei Rhein und in der Oberpfalz, Herzog in Bayern & his wife Beatrice of Sicily (Amberg 5 May 1352-Schloß Landskron bei Oppenheim 18 May 1410, bur Heidelberg Heiliges Geist).  Andreas von Regensburg’s early 15th century Chronica names “Rupertum...Chlem” as the son of “Rupertus[100].  He succeeded his father in 1398 as RUPRECHT III "Klemb" Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern.  He was elected RUPRECHT King of Germany at Rhens 21 Aug 1400 after King Wenzel was deposed, crowned 7 Jan 1401 at Köln.  He launched an unsuccessful campaign in Italy against the Visconti of Milan, in alliance with Florence[101].  Johann Archbishop of Mainz formed the league of Marbach, with Baden, Württemberg and the Swabian towns, in opposition to King Ruprecht[102].  Andreas von Regensburg’s early 15th century Chronica records the death in 1410 of “rex Rudpertus” and his burial 16 May “Haydelberge ad S. Spiritum[103]A contemporary manuscript records that "Rupertus Bavariæ dux, comes Pallentinus Reni, electus in regem Romanorum" was buried "Haidelbergæ in collegio S. Spiritus…cum regina"[104]

m (Amberg 27 Jun 1374) ELISABETH von Nürnberg, daughter of FRIEDRICH V Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Elisabeth von Meissen (1358-Heidelberg 26 Jul 1411, bur Heidelberg Heiliges Geist).  Andreas von Regensburg’s early 15th century Chronica records the death in 1411 of “rex Rudpertus...conthoralis sua regina filia burgravii de Nürnberg[105]A contemporary manuscript records that "Rupertus Bavariæ dux, comes Pallentinus Reni, electus in regem Romanorum" was buried "Haidelbergæ in collegio S. Spiritus…cum regina"[106]

Ruprecht III & his wife had nine children: 

1.         RUPRECHT PIPAN (Amberg 20 Feb 1375-Amberg 25 Jan 1397, bur Amberg St Martin)m (Alzey 1392, before 30 Aug) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Sponheim, widow of ENGELBERT III Graf von der Mark in Fredeburg und Bilstein, daughter and heiress of SIMON [III] Graf von Sponheim [“vordere Grafschaft”] Graf von Vianden & his wife Maria von Vianden (1365-Kreuznach 3 Sep 1417, bur Kreuznach Pauluskirche).  On her death, one-fifth of the county of Sponheim [“vordere Grafschaft”] passed to the Palatinate.  The other four-fifths of the county passed to Johann [V] Graf von Sponheim-Starkenburg [“hintere Grafschaft”]. 

2.         MARGARETA Pfalzgräfin (1376-Nancy 26 Aug 1434, bur Nancy St Georges)An epitaph at Stulzbron records the burial of Marguerite de Baviere duchesse de Lorraine et marchise” who died 26 Aug 1434[107]m ([Kaiserslauten 5 Feb 1394]) CHARLES I Duke of Lorraine, son of JEAN I Duke of Lorraine & his wife Sophie von Württemberg ([1364]-Nancy 25 Jan 1431, bur Nancy St Georges).

3.         FRIEDRICH (Amberg [1377]-Amberg 7 Mar 1401, bur Amberg St Martin).  

4.         LUDWIG (23 Jan 1378-Heidelberg 30 Dec 1436, bur Heidelberg Heiliges Geist)A contemporary manuscript records that "Rupertus Bavariæ dux, comes Pallentinus Reni, electus in regem Romanorum" had four sons "Ludwicum…Johannem…tercium…quartus Otto iunior inter omnes"[108]He succeeded his father in 1410 as LUDWIG III "der Bärtige" Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern.   

-        see below, Part B.  ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1410-1559

5.         AGNES (1379-Heidelberg 12 Feb 1401, bur Kleve)m (Heidelberg before 1 Mar 1400) as his first wife, ADOLF Graf von Kleve, son of ADOLF [I] Graf von Kleve & his wife Margareta von Jülich (-23 Sep 1448, bur Wesel Dominican Church).  Duke of Kleve 1417. 

6.         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin (Amberg before 27 Oct 1381-Innsbruck 31 Dec 1408, bur Stams)The necrology of Stams records the death "II Kal Jan" of "domina Elizabeth filia regis Romanorum Ruperti, contoralis…principis et domini Friderici ducis Austriæ, et Elizabeth filia eorum"[109]The necrology of Wilten records the death "Kal Jan 1409" of "Elisabethæ ducissæ Austriæ"[110]m (Innsbruck 24 Dec 1406) as his first wife, FRIEDRICH IV "mit den leeren Tasche" Graf von Tirol, son of LEOPOLD III Duke of Austria & his wife Verde Visconti (1382-Innsbruck 24 Jun 1439, bur Stams).

7.         JOHANN (Neunburg vorm Wald [1383]-Benedictine Kloster Kastl, Oberpfalz 13 Mar 1443, bur Neunburg vorm Wald St Georg)A contemporary manuscript records that "Rupertus Bavariæ dux, comes Pallentinus Reni, electus in regem Romanorum" had four sons "Ludwicum…Johannem…tercium…quartus Otto iunior inter omnes", adding that Johann had "sedem suam in Amberg"[111]He succeeded his father in 1410 as JOHANN Pfalzgraf in Neunburg vorm Wald und in Neumarkt.  m firstly (contract Lund 11 Nov 1406, Ripen 15 Aug 1407) KATHARINA von Pommern, daughter of WARTISLAW VII Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern & his wife Marie von Mecklenburg ([1390]-Kloster Gnadenburg 4 Mar 1426, bur Neumarkt Hofkirche, transferred to Kloster Gnadenburg).  m secondly (Riedenburg 7 Sep 1428) as her second husband, BEATRIX von Bayern, widow of HERMAN [III] Count of Celje [Cilly], of ERNST I Duke of Bavaria-Munich & his wife Elisabetta Visconti of Milan ([1403]-Neumarkt 12 Mar 1447, bur Kloster Gnadenburg).  Johann & his first wife had six children:

a)         MARGARETA (24 Aug 1408-young, bur Gnadenburg).

b)         ADOLF (b and d Amberg 1409, bur Amberg St Martin).

c)         OTTO (1410-young, bur Gnadenburg).

d)         JOHANN (1411-, bur Gnadenburg).

e)         FRIEDRICH (1412-young, bur Gnadenburg).

f)          CHRISTOPH (Neumarkt 26 Feb 1416-Helsingborg 5/6 Jan 1448, bur Roskilde Cathedral).  He succeeded his maternal uncle 10 Apr 1440 as CHRISTOFFER III King of Denmark, 4 Oct 1440 as CHRISTOF King of Sweden and 4 Jun 1441 as CHRISTOF King of Norway.  He succeeded his father in 1443 as Pfalzgraf in Neunburg vorm Wald und in Neumarkt.   

          -        KINGS of DENMARK

8.         STEFAN ([13 Jun] 1385-Simmern 14 Feb 1459, bur Meisenheim am Glan)A contemporary manuscript records that "Rupertus Bavariæ dux, comes Pallentinus Reni, electus in regem Romanorum" had four sons "Ludwicum…Johannem…tercium…quartus Otto iunior inter omnes", adding that the third (unnamed) lived "in Kaisersluter" and had many children[112]He succeeded his father in 1410 as Pfalzgraf in Simmern und Zweibrücken.  m (Heidelberg 1410) ANNA von Veldenz, daughter and heiress of FRIEDRICH III Graf von Veldenz [Geroldseck] & his wife --- (-Wachenheim/Pfrimm 18 Nov  1439, bur Meisenheim).  Stefan & his wife had seven children: 

a)         ANNA (1413-after 1468)m (before 10 Mar 1435) VINCENZ Graf von Mörs und Saarwerden, son of --- (-20 Apr 1499).  

b)         MARGARETE (1416-Wachenheim/Pfrimm 23 Nov 1426, bur Annweiler evangelische Kirche). 

c)         FRIEDRICH (24 Apr 1417-Simmern 29 Apr 1480, bur Ravengiersburg Augustiner-Kloster).  He succeeded his father in 1459 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern, when he also reunited his Sponheim territories into the duchy of Sponheim. 

-        PFALZGRAFEN von SIMMERN

d)         RUPRECHT (1420-Zabern 18 Oct 1478, bur Zabern Stiftskirche).  Canon at Trier Cathedral 1432, at Mainz Cathedral 1436.  Provost of St Guido at Speyer 1437.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1437-1478.  Bishop of Strasbourg 1440.  Canon at Würzburg Cathedral, and at Speyer Cathedral before 1458. 

e)         STEFAN (1421-Köln 4 Sep 1485, bur Köln).  Canon at Speyer Cathedral 1440-1459, at Köln and Mainz Cathedrals 1441, at Eichstätt Cathedral 1450.  Custodian of Köln Cathedral 1451, Thesaurius 1452-1481.  Canon of St Lambert's at Liège 1457.  Provost of the Holy Apostles at Köln 1464-1467.  Provost of Magdeburg Cathedral 1468-1478.  Custodian of Strasbourg Cathedral 1469-1478.  Provost of St Cassius at Bonn 1477-1479. 

f)          LUDWIG "der Schwarze" (1424-19 Jul 1489, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded in 1444 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz. 

-        PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN

g)         JOHANN ([1429]-Schloß Giebichenstein near Halle/S 13 Dec 1475, bur Magdeburg Cathedral).  Canon at Trier Cathedral 1452.  Provost of St Martin at Worms 1456.  Elected Bishop of Trier 1456.  Elected Bishop of Münster 1457-1465.  Provost at Worms and Mainz Cathedrals 1459.  Archbishop of Magdeburg 1466. 

9.         OTTO (Mosbach 24 Aug 1390-Kloster Reichenbach 5 Jul 1461, bur Kloster Reichenbach)A contemporary manuscript records that "Rupertus Bavariæ dux, comes Pallentinus Reni, electus in regem Romanorum" had four sons "Ludwicum…Johannem…tercium…quartus Otto iunior inter omnes", adding that Otto resided "prope Haidelbergam"[113]He succeeded his father in 1410 as OTTO I Pfalzgraf in Mosbach.  He inherited Neumarkt and Neuburg 1448 from his nephew Christoph.  He died from over-eating.  m (Burghausen 15 Jan 1430) JOHANNA von Bayern-Landshut, daughter of HEINRICH IV "dem Reichen" Duke of Bavaria-Landshut & his wife Margareta of Austria (1413-Mosbach 20 Jul 1444, bur Mosbach Stiftskirche).  Otto & his wife had seven children: 

a)         MARGARETE (1430-14 Sep 1457, bur Hanau Marienkirche)m (11 Jul 1446) REINHARD IV Graf von Hanau-Münzenberg, son of --- (-20 May 1452, bur Hanau Marienkirche).

b)         AMALIE (1431-15 May 1483, bur Grünsfeld)m (contract 26 Apr 1436, before 3 Jan 1445) PHILIPP I "der Ältere" Graf von Rieneck, son of --- (-15 Dec 1488, bur Grünsfeld).

c)         OTTO (26 Jun 1435-Neumarkt 8 Apr 1499, bur Neumarkt Hofkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1461 as OTTO II Pfalzgraf von Mosbach.  He shared the Government of his territories 1490 with Philipp Kurfürst von der Pfalz. 

d)         RUPRECHT (25 Nov 1437-Ybbs 1 Nov 1465, bur Regensburg Cathedral).  Canon at Passau Cathedral, at Regensburg Cathedral 1447, at Bamberg Cathedral 1451-1461, at Köln Cathedral 1455, at Freising Cathedral 1456.  Provost of Regensburg Cathedral 1452, Administrator 1457.  Elected Bishop of Regensburg 1465.

e)         DOROTHEA (24 Aug 1439-Liebenau 15 May 1482, bur Liebenau).  Nun at Liebenau 1457, later Prioress.

f)          ALBRECHT (6 Sep 1440-Zabern 20 Aug 1506, bur Zabern Stiftskirche).  Canon at Augsburg Cathedral 1452-1468, at Köln Cathedral 1453-1493, at Eichstätt Cathedral 1464, at Bamberg Cathedral 1472/74.  Provost of Strasbourg Cathedral 1464.  Bishop of Strasbourg 1479.

g)         JOHANN (1 Aug 1443-Jerusalem 4 Oct 1486, bur Jerusalem Franciscan Monastery).  Canon at Speyer Cathedral 1454-1469, at Mainz Cathedral 1458, at Eichstätt and Regensburg Cathedrals 1460, at Augsburg Cathedral 1461-1468.  Provost of Augsburg Cathedral 1468.  Canon at Bamberg Cathedral 1472-1474.  Provost of Regensburg Cathedral 1472.

 

 

 

B.      ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1410-1559

 

 

LUDWIG Pfalzgraf, son of RUPRECHT III Pfalzgraf bei Rhein King of Germany & his wife Elisabeth von Nürnberg [Hohenzollern] (23 Jan 1378-Heidelberg 30 Dec 1436, bur Heidelberg, Heiliges Geist)A contemporary manuscript records that "Rupertus Bavariæ dux, comes Pallentinus Reni, electus in regem Romanorum" had four sons "Ludwicum…Johannem…tercium…quartus Otto iunior inter omnes", adding that Ludwig was "Pallentinus Reni et unus de electoribus"[114]He succeeded his father in 1410 as LUDWIG III "der Bärtige" Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern. 

m firstly (contract 7 Mar 1401, Heidelberg [22 Jul] 1402) BLANCHE of England, daughter of HENRY IV King of England & his first wife Mary de Bohun (Peterborough Castle Spring 1392-Hagenau, Neustadt, Alsace 22 May 1409, bur Neustadt St Aegidius).  The Chronicle of Adam de Usk records that “Rex” married “duas filias suas, unam regi Daci et alteram [filio] ducis Bavarie tunc imperatoris electi[115]The marriage contract between Henrici Angliæ Franciæque regis ac domini Hiberniæ...filiæ suæ senioris dominæ Blanchiæ” and “Ruperti regis Romanorum...filii sui...Ludowici comitis Palatini Reni ac ducis Bavariæ” is dated 7 Mar 1401[116]

m secondly (Pinerolo 30 Nov 1417) MATHILDE de Savoie, daughter of AMEDEE de Savoie Signore di Piemonte, titular Prince of Achaia & his wife Catherine de Genève ([1391/1400]-Germersheim 14 May 1438, bur Heidelberg, Heiliges Geist).  The marriage contract between "Domicellæ Matildis natæ quondam bonæ memoriæ…domini Amedei Principis Achayæ" and "domini Ludovici comitis Palatini Rheni…ac Bavariæ Ducis" is dated 30 Nov 1417[117]

Ludwig III & his first wife had one child:

1.         RUPRECHT "der Engländer" (Heidelberg 22 Jun 1406-Heidelberg 20 May 1426, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist). 

Ludwig III & his second wife had five children:

2.         MECHTILD Pfalzgräfin (Heidelberg 7 Mar 1419-Heidelberg 22 Aug 1482, bur Güterstein, transferred 1554 to Tübingen Stiftskirche)m firstly (Stuttgart 21 Oct 1434) LUDWIG I "der Ältere" Graf von Württemberg, son of EBERHARD IV "dem Jüngeren" Graf von Württemberg & his wife Henriette Ctss de Montbéliard (1412-Urach 24 Sep 1450, bur Gütenstein, transferred 1554 to Tüblingen Stiftskirche).  m secondly (Böblingen Aug 1452) ALBRECHT VI "der Freigebige" Duke of Inner-Austria, son of ERNST I "dem Eisernen" Duke of Inner-Austria & his second wife Cimburka of Masovia [Piast] (Vienna 18 Dec 1418-Vienna 2 Dec 1463, bur Vienna St Stefan).

3.         LUDWIG (Heidelberg 1 Jan 1424-Worms 13 Aug 1449, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his father in 1436 as LUDWIG IV "der Sanftmüthige" Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern, minor until 1445. 

          -        see below

4.         FRIEDRICH (Heidelberg 1 Aug 1425-Heidelberg 12 Dec 1476, bur Heidelberg katholische Pfarrkirche).  He succeeded his brother 1449/1451 as FRIEDRICH I "der Friedfertige/der Siegreiche" Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern.  The family of Baden ceded a further three tenths of the County of Sponheim, added to the “vordere Grafschaft”, to the Palatinate in 1463.  m (secretly 1471) KLARA Tott, daughter of GERHARD Tott [Councillor at Augsburg[118]] & his wife --- (-29 Apr 1520).  A former maid of honour at the court of Munich, she had been Friedrich’s mistress since 1458 and had borne him two sons who were legitimated by the Pope and the Bishop of Speyer before 9 Oct 1470.  Friedrich I & his wife had two children: 

a)         FRIEDRICH (1461-1474). 

b)         LUDWIG (1463-1524).  Graf von Löwenstein.  m firstly (1488) ELISABETH von Montfort, daughter of --- (-1503).  m secondly (1509) SOPHIA Böcklin, daughter of --- (-1510).  

-        FÜRSTEN VON LÖWENSTEIN

5.         RUPRECHT (Heidelberg 27 Feb 1427-in prison in Blankenstein 16 Jul 1480, bur Bonn St Martin).  Canon at Köln cathedral 1442.  Provost at Würzburg cathedral 1448-1460.  Provost at Strasbourg Cathedral 1458-1463.  Archbishop of Köln 1463.

6.         MARGARETE ([1428]-Kloster Liebenau 23 Nov 1466, bur Kloster Liebenau).  Nun at Liebenau.

 

 

LUDWIG Pfalzgraf, son of LUDWIG III "der Bärtige" Kurfürst und Pfalzgraf von der Pfalz, Herzog in Bayern & his second wife Mathilde de Savoie (Heidelberg 1 Jan 1424-Worms 13 Aug 1449, bur Heidelberg, Heiliges Geist)

He succeeded his father in 1436 as LUDWIG IV "der Sanftmüthige" Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern, minor until 1445.  On the death of Johann V Graf von Sponheim-Starkenburg [“hintere Grafschaft”] 1437, a second fifth of the County of Sponheim  passed to the Palatinate and was added to the “vordere Grafschaft”, in fulfilment of a 1422 agreement.  Elector Ludwig IV acquired the County of Löwenstein in 1441. 

m (Heidelberg, Heiliges Geist 18 Oct 1445) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Savoie, widow of LOUIS III Duc d'Anjou titular King of Sicily, daughter of AMEDEE VIII Duke of Savoy & his wife Marie de Bourgogne [Valois-Capet] (Morges, Vaud 7 Aug 1420-Stuttgart 30 Sep 1479, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche).  The marriage contract between "Ludovicus Comes Palatini Rheni…" and "Ludovicus Dux Sabaudiæ…Margaretam de Sabaudia, Jerusalem et Siciliæ Reginam, sororem" is dated 21 Oct 1444[119]She married thirdly (Stuttgart 9 Jul 1453) as his third wife, Ulrich V "der Vielgeliebte" Graf von Württemberg-Stuttgart

Ludwig IV & his wife had one child: 

1.         PHILIPP (14 Jul 1448-Germersheim 28 Feb 1508, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his uncle in 1476 as PHILIPP "der Aufrichtige" Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern.  The necrology of Aldersbach records the death "V Kal Mar 1508" of "dux Philippus comes palatinus Rheni" adding that "hic Georgii ducis Bavarie sororem habuit uxorem"[120]m (Amberg 17 Apr 1474) MARGARETA von Bayern, daughter of LUDWIG IX "dem Reichen" Duke of Bavaria-Landshut & his wife Amalia von Sachsen (Amberg 7 Nov 1456-Heidelberg 24/25 Jan 1501, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  Philipp & his wife had fourteen children: 

a)         LUDWIG (Heidelberg 2 Jul 1478-Heidelberg 16 Mar 1544, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his father in 1508 LUDWIG V "der Friedfertige" Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern.  m (Heidelberg Heilige Geist 23 Feb 1511) SIBYLLE von Bayern, daughter of ALBRECHT IV "der Weise" Duke of Bavaria & his wife Kunigunde Archduchess of Austria (16 Jun 1489-Heidelberg 18 Apr 1519, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  Mistress (1)MARGARETA von der Leyen, daughter of ---.  In prison 1547.  Ludwig V had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

i)           MARGARETA (-Harburg 3 Jul 1550).  Legitimated 31 Jul 1543 at Speyer, and 10 Apr 1544 at Nürnberg, and created Gräfin von Lützelstein.  m (contract Oettingen 11 Sep 1543, Oettingen 25 Nov 1543) LUDWIG XVI Graf von Oettingen, son of --- (-Harburg 1 Oct 1569, bur Harburg).

b)         PHILIPP (Heidelberg 7 May 1480-Freising 5 Jan 1541, bur Freising cathedral).  Provost of St Alban at Mainz 1489.  Canon at Mainz, Strasbourg and Trier cathedrals 1490, at Augsburg cathedral 1491-1526, at Köln cathedral 1491-1508.  Provost of Mainz cathedral 1491-1506.  Canon at Freising cathedral 1491, at Würzburg cathedral 1491-1509, at Eichstätt cathedral 1491-1498.  Bishop of Freising 1498.  Bishop of Naumburg 1517).

c)         RUPRECHT (Heidelberg 14 May 1481-Landshut 20 Aug 1504, bur Seligenthal).  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1491, at Freising cathedral 1492.  Provost of St Mariengreden at Mainz 1493.  Bishop of Freising 1496-1498.  He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments 1498.  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "XIII Kal Sep 1504" of "Rupertus palatinus Reni Inferioris Superiorisque Bavarie dux, ligt bei uns begraben"[121]m (Heidelberg 10 Feb 1499) ELISABETH von Bayern, daughter of GEORG "dem Reichen" Duke of Bavaria-Landshut & his wife Jadzwiga of Poland (1478-Landshut 15 Sep 1504, bur Seligenthal).  Ruprecht & his wife had four children: 

i)          GEORG (Nov 1500-1504, before 20 Aug, bur Seligenthal).

ii)         RUPRECHT (Nov 1500-1504, before 20 Aug, bur Seligenthal).

iii)        OTTO HEINRICH (Neuburg an der Donau 10 Apr 1502-Heidelberg 12 Feb 1559, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  The terms of his maternal grandfather’s will were confirmed 1509, when he succeeded as OTTO HEINRICH joint Pfalzgraf von Neuburg, minor until 1522, jointly with his younger brother until the latter’s abdication.  He converted to Lutheranism in 1542.  He was obliged to abandon the Government of his land 20 Aug 1544 to the Landstände, because of the ruinous financial state in which he found himself.  The Emperor occupied the town of Neuburg and took it under his personal control until 15 Aug 1552, when Otto Heinrich was reinstalled under the Treaty of Passau.  He succeeded his uncle in 1556 as OTTO HEINRICH Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern.  He abandoned the Duchy of Neuburg in 1557 to his distant cousin Wolfgang Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken.  m (Neuburg 16 Oct 1529) as her second husband, SUSANNA von Bayern, widow of KASIMIR Markgraf von Brandenburg, daughter of ALBRECHT IV "der Weise" Duke of Bavaria & his wife Kunigunde Archduchess of Austria (2 Apr 1502-Neuburg an der Donau 12 Apr 1543, bur Munich Unsere Liebe Frau). 

iv)        PHILIPP (Heidelberg 12 Nov 1503-Heidelberg 4 Jul 1548, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  The terms of his maternal grandfather’s will were confirmed in 1509, when he succeeded as PHILIPP "der Aufrichtige" joint Pfalzgraf von Neuburg, minor until 1523, jointly with his older brother.  He abdicated in 1541 in favour of his older brother. 

d)         FRIEDRICH (Schloß Winzingen bei Neustadt 9 Dec 1482-Alzey 26 Feb 1556, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his brother in 1544 as FRIEDRICH II "der Weise" Elector Palatine und Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog in Bayern.  He converted to Lutheranism 1547.  m (Heidelberg Heilige Geist 26 Sep 1535) DOROTHEA of Denmark, daughter of CHRISTIAN II ex-King of Denmark & his wife Isabel Archduchess of Austria Infanta of Spain (10 Nov 1520-Neumarkt 31 May 1580, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  Friedrich II had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:   

i)           son.  Living 1544.

ii)          son.  Living 1544.

iii)         ANNA von Bayern .  Nun at Alzey 1556.

e)         ELISABETH (Heidelberg 16 Nov 1483-Baden-Baden 24 Jun 1522, bur Baden-Baden Stiftskirche)She received Sponheim-Kreuznach (Vordere Grafschaft) from her father as her dowry on her second marriage.  m firstly (Frankfurt-am-Main [16 Oct] 1498) WILHELM III "der Jüngere" Landgraf zu Hessen in Oberhessen, Katzenelnbogen und Dietz, son of HEINRICH III "dem Reichen" Landgraf zu Hessen in Oberhessen, Katzenelnbogen und Dietz & his wife Anna von Katzenelnbogen ([8 Sep] 1471-Rauschenberg 17 Feb 1500, bur Marburg).  m secondly (Heidelberg 30 Jan 1503) PHILIPP von Baden, son of CHRISTOPH I Markgraf von Baden & his wife Ottilie von Katzenelnbogen (6 Nov 1479-17 Sep 1533, bur Baden-Baden Stiftskirche).  Graf von Sponheim-Kreuznach (Vordere Grafschaft) 1503, in right of his wife.  He succeeded in 1515 as PHILIPP I Markgraf von Baden in Baden, half Eberstein, Lahr und Mahlberg. 

f)          GEORG (Heidelberg 10 Feb 1486-Schloß Kisslau bei Bruchsal 27 Sep 1529, bur Speyer cathedral).  Canon at Trier cathedral 1496, at Speyer cathedral 1497.  Provost of Mainz cathedral 1499-1529.  Provost of St Donat at Bruges 1502.  Bishop of Speyer 1515.

g)         HEINRICH (Heidelberg 15 Feb 1487-Ladenburg 5 Jan 1552, bur Worms cathedral).  Provost of St Alban at Mainz 1506, canon at Köln cathedral 1508.  Provost at Strasbourg cathedral 1518-1542.  Provost of St Adalbert at Aachen 1519, of Ellwangen 1521.  Canon at Augsburg cathedral 1523-1524, at Freising cathedral 1525.  Coadjutor at Freising cathedral 1540, administrator 1541-1552. 

h)         JOHANN (Heidelberg 7 May 1488-Regensburg 3 Feb 1538).  Canon at Passau cathedral.  Abbot of Klingenmünster and Coadjutor 1506. Bishop of Regensburg 1507.  Canon at Strasbourg cathedral, and at Köln cathedral after 1510. 

i)          AMALIE (Heidelberg 25 Jul 1490-Alt-Stettin 6 Jan 1524, bur Alt-Stettin St Otto)m (13 Jun 1513) as his first wife, GEORG I Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, son of BOGISLAW X Duke of Pomerania & his second wife Anna of Poland [Piast] (-Alt-Stettin 9/10 May 1521, bur Alt-Stettin St Otto).

j)          BARBARA (Heidelberg 28 Aug 1491-Heidelberg 15 Aug 1505, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  

k)         HELENE (Heidelberg 9 Feb 1493-Schwerin 15 Aug 1524, bur Schwerin Cathedral)m (Wismar 12 Aug 1513) as his second wife, HEINRICH V "der Friedfertige" Herzog von Mecklenburg, son of MAGNUS II Herzog von Mecklenburg & his wife Sophie von Pommern-Stettin (3 May 1479-Schwerin 6 Feb 1552, bur Schwerin Cathedral).  

l)          WOLFGANG (Heidelberg 31 Oct 1494-Neumarkt 2 Apr 1558, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1509-1524, at Augsburg cathedral.  Provost of Klingenmünster 1511.  Canon at Speyer cathedral 1515-1524.  Knight of the Teutonic Order 1522-1524.  He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments 1524, when he succeeded in 1524 as Pfalzgraf in Neumarkt.  Statthalter at Amberg 1544.  

m)       OTTO HEINRICH (6 May 1496-31 May 1496, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

n)         KATHARINA (Heidelberg 14 Oct 1490-Kloster Neuburg bei Heidelberg 16 Jan 1526, bur Neuburg).  Nun at Kloster Neuburg 1515, abbess 1526. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    GRAFEN von SPONHEIM

 

 

Some details of the genealogy of the early Grafen von Sponheim are found only in the Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, written in 1506 by Johann Trithem, abbot of Sponheim[122].  The Chronica is too late to be considered a primary source for the events which it relates, although it does include the full text of some early charters which have not been found elsewhere and which have presumably since disappeared.  Information found only in the Chronica has not generally been included in the present chapter, except for extracts from the quoted charters. 

 

 

1.         --- .  The identity of Hedwig´s husband is not known.  m HEDWIG, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1130 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations made by "comes Megenhardus de Sponheim" to Sponheim, founded by "comes Eberhardus cum domina Hadwige matre sua"[123].  One child: 

a)         EBERHARD (-after [1 Nov 1063]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1130 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations made by "comes Megenhardus de Sponheim" to Sponheim, founded by "comes Eberhardus cum domina Hadwige matre sua"[124]Graf von Sponheim.  Trithem´s 1506 Chronicon Spanheimensis records that "Euerardus comes de Sponheim" founded "ecclesiam in…Mons Campi" and donated "decimam villæ Sponheim" and other property by charter dated 8 Jun 1047[125].  [Archbishop Eberhard of Trier confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of Prüm by charter dated 1 Nov 1063, subscribed by "Waldonis advocati, Eberhardi comit, Bertolfi com, Anselmi, Adalberonis, Cunone…Godefridi"[126].  It is not certain that this document refers to Eberhard Graf von Sponheim.] 

 

2.         STEFAN [I] von Sponheim [Spanheim] (-[1101/24 Feb 1118]).  "Heinrici comitis de Lach, Diepoldi de Haga, Stephani de Spanheim..." witnessed the charter dated 1075 under which Udo Archbishop of Trier confirmed the donation of property “in villa Olkebach” made to St. Simeon by “Hugo...de Hachenueles[127]Graf von Sponheim.  Hermann [III] Archbishop of Köln settled the dispute between Kloster Brauweiler and Köln St Maria by charter dated 1090, witnessed by "Stephanus comes, Gerhardus de Hostade, Arnoldi prefectus urbis, Adelbertus de Safinberg, Adolfus de Monte, Adelbero de Duno…"[128].  Trithem´s 1506 Chronicon Spanheimensis records that "Stephanus comes de Sponheim" donated property to "ecclesiam suam in Monte campi" by charter dated 1101[129]m SOPHIE, daughter of ---.  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Disibodenberg, including the donation of "villam Nuwenkirchen" owned by "mater eius Dna Sophia" made by "Comes Megenhardus de Spanheim" with the consent of "sororis sue Dne Iuste", by charter dated 1128[130].  Stefan [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)         MEGINHARD (-[1136/45]).  His parentage is confirmed by Trithem´s 1506 Chronicon Spanheimensis which records donations by "Stephanus comes de Sponheim" to "ecclesiam in…Mons Campi" and confirmations by "filium suum Megenhardum…Mechthildis uxor eius" by charter dated 24 Feb 1118[131]Graf von Sponheim"Emicho comes et frater suus Gerlach, Meinhardus comes de Spanheim, Arnoldus de Lurinbergk, Sifridus comes de Nuringen, Albero de Hachinfels, Eberhardus de Hostetten…Embricho comes de Rinegowe…" witnessed the charter dated 1123 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Kloster Altmünster by "Meingotus filius Embrichonis quondam camerarii nostri", leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "fratris sui Dudonis"[132]Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of "ecclesiam in Sponheim" by "Dominus Megenhardus de Sponheim et uxor eius Machthild, comes Rudolphus et uxor eius Reggat" by charter dated 10 Jun 1124 witnessed by "Arnoldus urbis præfectus, comes Goswinus et filius eius Gerardus et frater eius Emicho, Arnoldus et frater eius Rupertus de Lurenburck, comes Fridericus Bertolfus et frater eius Sigefridus, Henricus de Catzenelenbogen, Rorich et frater eius Gerlach…"[133].  "Megenhardus…comes de Sponheim" confirmed the foundation of "genitor noster Stephanus comes de Sponheim ecclesiam suam in Monte campi iuxta villam Sponheim", with the consent of "Mechthildis uxoris meæ et fratris mei comitis Rodolphi", and provided that "post mortem…meam, senior ex filiis meis, qui dominus fuerit in Creutzenacht…" would hold "advocatiam præfati monasterii", by charter dated 1 Sep 1125[134].  Graf von Mörsperg [Morimont].  "Meginhardus" donated "predium Illinowa…apud Sueviam in pago Zurichowa" to Schaffhausen St Salvator, naming "uxoris mee Mahtilde…filia [Adilberti de Morsberk]", by charter dated 21 Sep 1127[135]Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Disibodenberg, including the donation of "villam Nuwenkirchen" owned by "mater eius Dna Sophia" made by "Comes Megenhardus de Spanheim" with the consent of "sororis sue Dne Iuste", by charter dated 1128[136].  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster Schwabenheim by "comes Meginhardus de Spanheim…et uxoris sue Methildis", previously founded by "comes Eberhardus cum domina Hadewiga matre sua" [Graf im Zürichgau/Nellenburg, supposed ancestor of Meginhard´s wife], by charter dated 1130[137].  Emperor Lothar donated property to Epternach by charter dated 24 Apr 1131 witnessed by "…Meinhardus comes de Spanheim…"[138]"…Megenhardus de Spanheim…" witnessed the charter dated 1132, after 13 Sep, under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz donated property "in pago…Weitereibia…in comitatu Sigefridi comitis de Nuringes" to Mainz cathedral[139]m (before 24 Feb 1118) [as her first husband,] MECHTILD von Mörsperg, daughter of ADALBERT Graf von Mörsperg & his wife Mathilde de Mousson (-12 Mar [1152/1180]).  Trithem´s 1506 Chronicon Spanheimensis records donations to "ecclesiam in…Mons Campi" to "filium suum Megenhardum…Mechthildis uxor eius" by charter dated 24 Feb 1118[140].  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 30 Aug 1125 under which "Maynardus…comes Morspeccensis" donated the priory of la Celle near Metz to Suger abbé de Saint-Denis after the death of "Adalberti comitis" whose daughter "Mattildis" he had married[141]"Meginhardus" donated "predium Illinowa…apud Sueviam in pago Zurichowa" to Schaffhausen St Salvator, naming "uxoris mee Mahtilde…filia [Adilberti de Morsberk]", by charter dated 21 Sep 1127[142]Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster Schwabenheim by "comes Meginhardus de Spanheim…et uxoris sue Methildis", previously founded by "comes Eberhardus cum domina Hadewiga matre sua" [Graf im Zürichgau/Nellenburg, supposed ancestor of Meginhard´s wife], by charter dated 1130[143].  She may have married secondly Adalbert [I] Graf von Dillingen und Kiburg.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "IV Id Mar" of "Mechtildis com in Dilingen sor n c"[144]Meginhard & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          GOTTFRIED [I] (-after 1183).  "…Godefridus comes de Spanheim…" witnessed the charter dated 1136 which records an agreement between the canons of Trier St Simon and Bamberg St Georg concerning tithes in Hönningen[145]Graf von Sponheim

-         see below

ii)         [KRAFT (-[1174/76]).  Trithem´s 1506 Chronicon Spanheimensis records the election of "Dominum Crafftonem, huius cœnobii monachum…filium Megenhardi comitis de Spanheim" as second abbot of Sponheim monastery in 1151, adding that he headed the monastery for 23 years, 2 months and 5 days, but does not cite the primary source which confirms his parentage[146].  Abbot of Sponheim].   

b)         RUDOLFGraf von Sponheim.  Trithem´s 1506 Chronicon Spanheimensis records donations to "ecclesiam in…Mons Campi" to "filium suum Megenhardum…Mechthildis uxor eius" by charter dated 24 Feb 1118 and also donations by "Rodulphus etiam comes frater Meginhardi…cum Richarde uxore sua"[147].  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of "ecclesiam in Sponheim" by "Dominus Megenhardus de Sponheim et uxor eius Machthild, comes Rudolphus et uxor eius Reggat" by charter dated 10 Jun 1124[148]m RICHARDA, daughter of ---.  Trithem´s 1506 Chronicon Spanheimensis records donations to "ecclesiam in…Mons Campi" to "filium suum Megenhardum…Mechthildis uxor eius" by charter dated 24 Feb 1118 and also donations by "Rodulphus etiam comes frater Meginhardi…cum Richarde uxore sua"[149].  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of "ecclesiam in Sponheim" by "Dominus Megenhardus de Sponheim et uxor eius Machthild, comes Rudolphus et uxor eius Reggat" by charter dated 10 Jun 1124[150]

c)         HUGO (-1 Jul 1137)Archbishop of Köln 1137.  The Annales Brunwilarenes record the death in 1137 of "Bruno archiepiscopus in Apulia in expeditione regia constitutus" and the succession of "Hugo", followed "eodem tempore" by the death of Hugo and the succession of "Arnoldus"[151]

d)         JUTTA (-22 Dec 1136).  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Disibodenberg, including the donation of "villam Nuwenkirchen" owned by "mater eius Dna Sophia" made by "Comes Megenhardus de Spanheim" with the consent of "sororis sue Dne Iuste", by charter dated 1128[152].  Abbess of Disibodenberg.  The Annales Sancti Disibodi record the death "II Kal Jan" in 1136 of "domna Iudda 24 annis in monte sancte Dysibodi inclusa, soror Megenhardi comitis de Spanheim"[153]

 

 

GOTTFRIED [I] von Sponheim, son of MEGINHARD Graf von Sponheim & his wife Mechtild von Mörsperg (-after 1183).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Gottfried was the person referred to in the present document as "Gottfried [I] Graf von Sponheim" represents two different individuals both named Gottfried.  The primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  The birth of Graf Gottfried [I] can probably be dated to [1115], suggesting that he was a young adult when he succeeded his father.  If that is correct, there would be no chronological difficulties with his being the same person who is named in the charter dated 1183, quoted below.  "…Godefridus comes de Spanheim…" witnessed the charter dated 1136 which records an agreement between the canons of Trier St Simon and Bamberg St Georg concerning tithes in Hönningen[154]Graf von SponheimThe Annales Sancti Disibodi (Continuatio) name "…Godefridus de Spanheim…" among those present with the king when he celebrated Christmas at Worms in 1155[155].  "Conradus Palatinus comes de Reno" settled a dispute between the canons of Springirsbach and "Godefrido comite de Sponheim…et filiis suis" by charter dated 1183, witnessed by "Gerlaco comite de Veldenze, dominis Henrico, Simone, Ludovico de Spanhem…"[156]

m ---.  The name of Gottfried´s wife is not known. 

Gottfried [I] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.         WALRAM (-after 9 Aug 1187).  "Godefridus et Fredericus fratres comites de Vernenburgh" donated their castle and county to Johann Archbishop of Trier by charter dated 9 Aug 1187 witnessed by "Henrici comitis Palatini Reni advocatie ecclesie predicte…Walrami comitis in Spanheim, Conradi de Blankenheim et Wilhelmi domni in Duna…"[157]

2.         HEINRICH [I] (-[27 May 1197/1200]).  "Conradus Palatinus comes de Reno" settled a dispute between the canons of Springirsbach and "Godefrido comite de Sponheim…et filiis suis" by charter dated 1183, witnessed by "Gerlaco comite de Veldenze, dominis Henrico, Simone, Ludovico de Spanhem…"[158]Graf von Sponheim"…Henricus comes de Spanheim, Henricus comes de Sarbrucken, Gerlacus comes de Veldense, Bertoldus comes de Dietse, Gotfridus comes de Vebing…" witnessed the charter dated 1192 under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed privileges of the church of Mainz[159].  "…Henricus comes de Spanheim et fratres sui Albertus et Lodowicus…" signed the charter dated 28 Jun 1193 under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed the exchange of Schloß Ahr for half of Schloß Nürburg[160].  "…Heinricus comes de Spanheim…" witnessed the charter dated 1194 under which Konrad Archbishop of Mainz renewed the donation of "ecclesiam in Mengesrod" made to Kloster Ravengirsburg by "comitissa Friderun…et mariti sui Stephani"[161].  "…Henricus de Spanheim…" witnessed the charter dated 6 Apr 1197 which records the resignation by "Henricus Palatinus comes Rheni" from "episcopali apud Trevirem advocatiam"[162].  "Henricus…dux et comes palatinus Rheni" granted a loan to "comitibus de Spanheim Heinrico…Alberto et Godefrido" over "comitiam in Meineuelde ex illa parte Moselle" for "peregrinationis" by charter dated 27 May 1197[163].  It is likely that Heinrich died before 1200, from which date Gottfried [I] is named in documents as the only Graf von Sponheim. 

3.         [SIMON (-after 1183).  "Conradus Palatinus comes de Reno" settled a dispute between the canons of Springirsbach and "Godefrido comite de Sponheim…et filiis suis" by charter dated 1183, witnessed by "Gerlaco comite de Veldenze, dominis Henrico, Simone, Ludovico de Spanhem…"[164].  No other reference has been found to Simon.  It is possible that "Simone" in the document dated 1183 represents an error for "Adalberto", who is not named in the charter.  If Simon was a separate person, it is likely that he died soon after the date of the document.] 

4.         ALBERT (-[27 May 1197/1200]).  "…Henricus comes de Spanheim et fratres sui Albertus et Lodowicus…" signed the charter dated 28 Jun 1193 under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed the exchange of Schloß Ahr for half of Schloß Nürburg[165].  "…Henricus de Spanheim…" witnessed the charter dated 6 Apr 1197 which records the resignation by "Henricus Palatinus comes Rheni" from "episcopali apud Trevirem advocatiam"[166].  "Henricus…dux et comes palatinus Rheni" granted a loan to "comitibus de Spanheim Heinrico…Alberto et Godefrido" over "comitiam in Meineuelde ex illa parte Moselle" for "peregrinationis" by charter dated 27 May 1197[167].  It is likely that Albert died before 1200, from which date Gottfried [I] is named in documents as the only Graf von Sponheim. 

5.         LUDWIG (-after 28 Jun 1193).  "Conradus Palatinus comes de Reno" settled a dispute between the canons of Springirsbach and "Godefrido comite de Sponheim…et filiis suis" by charter dated 1183, witnessed by "Gerlaco comite de Veldenze, dominis Henrico, Simone, Ludovico de Spanhem…"[168]Graf von Sponheim"…Brunone preposito s. Marie in Colonia eiusque fratre Euerhardo comite de Seyne, Theoderico comite de Widhe et filio eius Theoderico clerico, Reginhere comite de Froisbrecht, Ulrico comite de Nurberg et eius filio Gerhardo comite de Are, Gerhardo comite de Dietsa, Bertholdo comite de Kazinelelnboge, Ludeuico comite de Spanheim, Simone comite de Sarebrucke, Henrico comite de Kessele…" witnessed the charter dated 1189 under which Philipp Archbishop of Köln granted "castrum Stakelecke et advocatiam in Bacherache" to "palatini comitis Cuonradi…et eius iugali domine Irmentrudi eiusque filie Agneti"[169].  "…Henricus comes de Spanheim et fratres sui Albertus et Lodowicus…" signed the charter dated 28 Jun 1193 under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed the exchange of Schloß Ahr for half of Schloß Nürburg[170]

 

 

1.         GOTTFRIED [II] ([1175/85]-1223).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   According to Europäische Stammtafeln, he was the youngest son of "Gottfried [II] Graf von Sponheim" who, according to the same source, was the son of Gottfried [I] (see above).  Estimating Gottfried´s probable birth date represents the best starting point for assessing his possible parentage.  Given the first mention of his son Johann in 1219, and the marriage of his son Heinrich dated to 1230, it is likely that the children of Gottfried [II] and his wife Adelheid von Sayn were born in the range [1200/15], bearing in mind also that Adelheid had three children from her second marriage.  If that date is correct, Gottfried [II] was probably born no earlier than [1175/85].  Looking at the careers of the sons of Gottfried [I] Graf von Sponheim who are named above, it is likely that they were already adult by that time, which is also consistent with Gottfried [I]´s own birth in [1115] as discussed above.  There would seem to be two possible solutions for the parentage of Gottfried [II]: either he could have been the son of Gottfried [I] born from a second marriage contracted towards the end of his father´s life, or he could have been the son of one of Gottfried [I]´s sons who are named above.  Until more primary source data comes to light, it has been decided to leave his parentage as unidentified in the present document.  "…Henricus de Spanheim…" witnessed the charter dated 6 Apr 1197 which records the resignation by "Henricus Palatinus comes Rheni" from "episcopali apud Trevirem advocatiam"[171].  "Henricus…dux et comes palatinus Rheni" granted a loan to "comitibus de Spanheim Heinrico…Alberto et Godefrido" over "comitiam in Meineuelde ex illa parte Moselle" for "peregrinationis" by charter dated 27 May 1197[172].  "Godefridus comes de Spaneim…" witnessed the charter dated to [1199/1200] under which Johann Archbishop of Trier and "Folmarem comitem de Castele" reached agreement concerning "quod in monte de Baruncastel"[173].  "…Godefridus comes de Spaneim…" witnessed the charter dated 1202 under which Johann Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of Kloster Sayn by "Heinricus comes de Seine"[174]"…Godefridus comes de Spanheim…" witnessed the charter dated 1211 under which Konrad Bishop of Speyer donated "patronatu et in decimis ecclesie de Medenheim" to Kloster Hemmenrode[175]"Godefridus comes de Spanheim", on leaving overseas on crusade, donated property to Kloster Werchweiler, at the request of "…uxoris mee Adelheidis comitisse", by charter dated 21 Jul 1218, witnessed by "comitis Henrici de Geminoponte"[176]m as her first husband, ADELHEID von Sayn, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Sayn & his wife Agnes von Saffenberg (-22 Nov 1263).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 29 Sep 1267 under which her son "Theodericus de Heymesberg et de Blankemberg et uxor nostra Johanna" donated property to the Teutonic Order at Köln, for the souls of "avunculi nostri Henrici quondam comitis Henrici et Henrici patris nostri"[177].  She married secondly Eberhard [IV] Graf von Eberstein.  "A…comitissa de Spanhem et Euerstein" donated wine production to Abtei Sayn, for the souls of "domni Godefridi comitis de Spanhem et domni Euerhardi…filii nostri defunctorum", by charter dated 1256[178].  Gottfried [III] & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHANN [I] (-1266, after 30 Jun).  "Iwano filio comitis de Spanheim et fratribus suis…" subscribed the charter dated 16 Oct 1219 under which Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster St Katharina at Kreuznach[179]Graf von Sponheim"Johannes comes de Spanheim" donated "quarte parte decimarum ecclesie in Rodhe…temporibus patris nostri felicis memorie Godefridi" to the church of Carden, with the consent of "fratrum germanorum coheredum nostrum", by charter dated 1226[180].  The Annales Wormatienses name "domni Iohannes comitis de Spanheim et fratrum suorum" in 1249[181]Herr zu Sayn und Starkenburg.  "Johannes comes de Spanheim" donated "patronatus ecclesie de Lussenich" to the Teutonic Knights, after the death of "quondam comitis Henrici Seynensis avunculi nostri", by charter dated 29 Jul 1256[182]

-        GRAFEN von SAYN

b)         HEINRICH (-[1258])"Johannes…comes de Spanheim et fratres mei Henricus et Symon" granted their fief to "domno Theoderico de Nigromonte et fratri suo Willelmo" by charter dated 1227[183]Graf von Sponheim.  Konrad Archbishop of Köln granted the property of "Henrico bone memorie comite Seynensi" to "Henricus dominus de Heinsberg et Simon dominus de Spainhem et Godefridus filius comitis Johannis de Spainhem, fratris eorundem", reserving a life interest to "nobilis matrona Methildis cometissa Seynensis…consanguinea nostra", by charter dated 27 Aug 1247[184].  Herr zu Blankenburg und Löwenburg.  "Godefridus comes Senensis et Jutta uxor eius" renounced rights in favour of Kloster Kaiserswerth, confirming the action of "domnus Henricus comes Senensis beate memorie avunculus noster et predecessor", by charter dated Jul 1260, with the consent of "Henrico fratre nostro"[185]

-        HERREN von HEINSBERG

c)         SIMON (-8 Apr 1264, bur Pfaffen-Schwabenheim)"Johannes…comes de Spanheim et fratres mei Henricus et Symon" granted their fief to "domno Theoderico de Nigromonte et fratri suo Willelmo" by charter dated 1227[186]Graf von Sponheim.  Konrad Archbishop of Köln granted the property of "Henrico bone memorie comite Seynensi" to "Henricus dominus de Heinsberg et Simon dominus de Spainhem et Godefridus filius comitis Johannis de Spainhem, fratris eorundem", reserving a life interest to "nobilis matrona Methildis cometissa Seynensis…consanguinea nostra", by charter dated 27 Aug 1247[187]

-        see below

 

 

SIMON von Sponheim, son of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Sponheim & his wife Adelheid von Sayn (-8 Apr 1264, bur Pfaffen-Schwabenheim)"Johannes…comes de Spanheim et fratres mei Henricus et Symon" granted their fief to "domno Theoderico de Nigromonte et fratri suo Willelmo" by charter dated 1227[188]Graf von Sponheim.  Konrad Archbishop of Köln granted the property of "Henrico bone memorie comite Seynensi" to "Henricus dominus de Heinsberg et Simon dominus de Spainhem et Godefridus filius comitis Johannis de Spainhem, fratris eorundem", reserving a life interest to "nobilis matrona Methildis cometissa Seynensis…consanguinea nostra", by charter dated 27 Aug 1247[189]"Mehtylde comitissa Seynensi relicta Heinrici comitis Seynensis avunculi nostri" granted certain castles and fiefs to "nos fratres de Spanheim Johannes comes, Heinricus dominus de Heymsberg, Symon, et Euerardus" by charter dated 29 Aug 1247[190]"Henricus Dominus de Heinesberg" donated "castra…ex parte mei patris…Kestelun, Neve et Kirberg" to "fratri meo Domino Symoni ac Margarete sue uxori", in return for "Blankenberg, Saffenberg, Hilkerode" received from "meus avunculus bone memorie Henricus comes Seynensis", by charter dated 13 Oct 1248[191].  "Symon comes de Spanheim et Margaretha uxor sua" donated "patronatus ecclesie de Lussenich" to the Teutonic Knights, for the soul of "quondam comitis Henrici Seynensis", by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[192]

m (contract 6 Dec 1240) as her first husband, MARGARETA von Hengebach, daughter of EBERHARD [III] von Hengebach & his wife Elisabeth von Hochstaden (-before Feb 1299).  "Domina Elyzabeth de Hengebach" agreed the marriage of "filiam nostram Margaretham" and "domino Symoni de Spanheym" by charter dated Nov 1240[193].  "Henricus Dominus de Heinesberg" donated "castra…ex parte mei patris…Kestelun, Neve et Kirberg" to "fratri meo Domino Symoni ac Margarete sue uxori", in return for "Blankenberg, Saffenberg, Hilkerode" received from "meus avunculus bone memorie Henricus comes Seynensis", by charter dated 13 Oct 1248[194].  "Symon comes de Spanheim et Margaretha uxor sua" donated "patronatus ecclesie de Lussenich" to the Teutonic Knights, for the soul of "quondam comitis Henrici Seynensis", by charter dated 13 Aug 1255[195].  She married secondly (15 Mar 1265) as his second wife, Emich [IV] Graf zu Leiningen in Landeck. 

Simon & his wife had children: 

1.         HEINRICH (-1310)Graf von Sponheim.  "…Henricus et Johannes de Spanheym…" were among those who declared war against Sifrid Archbishop of Köln by charter dated 8 Apr 1277[196].  "Johannes comes de Sponheim…consensu Aleidis uxoris nostre…Emechonis comitis de Liningen filie" exchanged property with "Henricum comitem de Sponheim" by charter dated Apr 1277[197].  "Henricus filius domini Simonis quondam comitis de Sponheim…et Cunigundis uxor mea" agreed a division of territories with "fratre meo Domino Johanne comite de Spanheim", with the consent of "consanguineis et amicis meis…dominis Godefrido de Sein et Henrico de Sponheim fratribus comitibus, Conrado et Henrico comitibus Irsutis, Philippo domino de Hohenfels", agreed a division of their territories by charter dated 1 Sep 1277[198]m firstly (before Sep 1277) KUNIGUNDE von Bolanden, daughter of PHILIPP von Bolanden & his wife Lukardis --- (-after 15 Jan 1295).  "Lukardis relicta…domini Philippi quondam de Bolandis" sold property at Albisheim to "Herdegeno militi de Offenheim", with the consent of "filiorum nostrorum Iohannis et Philippi…infra legitime discretionis annos", by charter dated 2 Nov 1282 which names "Albertum de Schenkenberg, Henricum comitem de Spanheim…generos nostros" as fiduciaries[199].  "Heinricus de Spanheim comes et Kunigundis sua collateralis" donated revenue from "villa Albesheim" to Kloster Otterberg, except the part granted to "Friderico comite de Lyningen", by charter dated 24 Feb 1291[200].  "Heinricus de Spanheim ac Kunegundis coniuges" confirmed the donation of property in "ville Albesheim" made to Kloster Otterberg by "pie memorie domina Lukardis de Bolandia socrus nostra" by charter dated 22 Dec 1292[201]m secondly AGNES von Westerburg, daughter of HEINRICH [I] von Westerburg & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Heinrich [I] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         PHILIPP (-1338)m firstly (1320) ELISABETH von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m secondly LISA Raugräfin, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Philipp & his second wife had two children: 

i)          HEINRICH [II] (-1393)m ([21 Feb 1355]) ADELHEID von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of JOHANN Graf von Katzenelnbogen & his wife Elisabeth von Isenburg-Limburg (-1397).  "Gref Wilhelm von Katzinelnbogen" confirmed to "Hertzuge Ruprechte dem Eldesten Hertzuge von Beygern und Palzgraue off dem Rine" that "Grefe Henrich von Spanheim" had granted "daz Hus Lichtinberg" as dower to "Grefe Johanns Dochter von Katzenelnbogen" by charter dated 21 Feb 1355[202].  A charter dated 11 Apr 1360 records an agreement between "Wilhelm Gref zu Katzenelnbogen" and "Gref Henrich von Spanheim" regarding "Lichtenberg", naming "unser…Riftel Alheit…Gref Johanns Tochter von Katzinelnbogen…Heinrich von Spanheim…Hussfrauwe"[203]

ii)         KUNIGUNDE .  "Ruhgreve Wilhelm von der alden Beymberg und Cunegund sunser…Hutzvrauwe" pledged his share of Dorf Münster to "unser…Neve Herre Friedrich Wilde Greve von Kirberg" by charter dated Jul 1355[204]m firstly WILHELM Raugraf von Altenbaumberg, son of --- (-1358).  m secondly (before May 1369) LUDWIG Graf von Rieneck, son of --- (-1408). 

b)         GOTTFRIED .  Canon at Trier: Pope John XXII granted "eccl. Treverensis canonicatum" to “Godefrido nato Henrici comitis de Spaimheim”, dated 24 Jan 1329[205].  Canon at Köln: Pope John XXII granted "eccl. Coloniensis canonicatum" to “Gotfrido nato quondam Henrici comitis de Spanheim” despite already holding “in eccl. Treverensis sub expectatione prebende in canonicum”, dated 24 Apr 1330[206]

c)         HEINRICH .  Canon at Mainz: Pope John XXII granted "eccl. Maguntine canonicatum" to “Henrico nato quondam Henrici comitis de Spanheim”, dated 24 Apr 1330[207]

2.         JOHANN (-1291).  "Johannes de Spanheim…cum Heinrico filio nostro" and "Johanne et eius fratribus filiis Sy. quondam comitis de Spanheim" agreed a division of their territories by charter dated 22 Nov 1266[208]Graf von Sponheim.  "…Henricus et Johannes de Spanheym…" were among those who declared war against Sifrid Archbishop of Köln by charter dated 8 Apr 1277[209].  "Johannes comes de Sponheim…consensu Aleidis uxoris nostre…Emechonis comitis de Liningen filie" exchanged property with "Henricum comitem de Sponheim" by charter dated Apr 1277[210].  "Henricus filius domini Simonis quondam comitis de Sponheim…et Cunigundis uxor mea" agreed a division of territories with "fratre meo Domino Johanne comite de Spanheim", with the consent of "consanguineis et amicis meis…dominis Godefrido de Sein et Henrico de Sponheim fratribus comitibus, Conrado et Henrico comitibus Irsutis, Philippo domino de Hohenfels", agreed a division of their territories by charter dated 1 Sep 1277[211].  "Emecho comes de Liningen, Catharina uxor sua, Otto comes de Nassauwe, Agnes uxor sua, Johannes comes de Spanheim, Alheidis uxor sua, Henricus dominus de Blanckenberg et Cunigundis uxor sua, sororii et sorores mei Emechonis comitis" confirmed the sale of property "in villa Liestorff" to Kloster Wadegoz made by "felicis recordationis dominus Emecho quondam comes de Liningen" by charter dated Jan 1288[212]m ([1265]) ADELHEID von Leiningen, daughter of EMICH [IV] Graf von Leiningen & his first wife Elisabeth --- (-[1301]).  "Johannes comes de Sponheim…consensu Aleidis uxoris nostre…Emechonis comitis de Liningen filie" exchanged property with "Henricum comitem de Sponheim" by charter dated Apr 1277[213].  "Emecho comes de Liningen, Catharina uxor sua, Otto comes de Nassauwe, Agnes uxor sua, Johannes comes de Spanheim, Alheidis uxor sua, Henricus dominus de Blanckenberg et Cunigundis uxor sua, sororii et sorores mei Emechonis comitis" confirmed the sale of property "in villa Liestorff" to Kloster Wadegoz made by "felicis recordationis dominus Emecho quondam comes de Liningen" by charter dated Jan 1288[214].  "Fridericus comes de Liningen" made a treaty with "Aleyde filia quondam Emichonis comitis de Liningen patrui nostri…comitissa de Spanheim et ipsius liberis…pueris suis Rudolfum de Alsenbruch et Wildericum de Spanheim milites" by charter dated 1 Jul 1291[215].  Johann & his wife had children: 

a)         SIMON [II] (-after 10 Jan 1333)"Emiche der Corbischof von Lüdeche, Simon, Johann und Gotfried Gebrüdere Grauen von Spanheim" agreed the marriage of "Annen unser Suester" and "Grauen Lodwig von Rynecken" by charter dated 1299, witnessed by "Graue Eberhard von Katzenelenbon und Graue Gerhart sin Sun, Ruhegraue Jorge, Graue Ruprecht von Virnburg, Graue Heinrich und Herman sin Bruder von Sulmese, Her Otte von Bickenbach, Graue Wilhelm von Katzenelnbon"[216]m (before Nov 1293) ELISABETH van Valkenburg, daughter of WALRAM [II] Heer van Valkenburg & his wife Philippa van Gelre.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Simon [II] & his wife had four children: 

i)          WALRAM (-1380).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 10 Jan 1333 under which "Walrave Greven Symons Son von Spanheim" reached agreement with "mime…Swager Wilhelme Grefin von Katzinelbogen" concerning the dower of "miner…Frauwen Elisabet die Swester ist Wilhelms des vorgenanten"[217]m (before 10 Jan 1333) ELISABETH von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of WILHELM Graf von Katzenelnbogen & his second wife Adelheid von Waldeck (-1368).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 10 Jan 1333 under which "Walrave Greven Symons Son von Spanheim" reached agreement with "mime…Swager Wilhelme Grefin von Katzinelbogen" concerning the dower of "miner…Frauwen Elisabet die Swester ist Wilhelms des vorgenanten", with the consent of "Simon Gref von Spanheim egenant, Johann und Reinhold unsre Sone"[218].  Walram & his wife had three children: 

(a)       SIMON [III] (-30 Aug 1414)Graf von Vianden 1349.  m ([23 Jul 1348]) MARIA von Vianden, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Vianden & his wife Marie de Namur ([1337]-21 Apr 1400).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Simon [III] & his wife had children: 

(1)       ELISABETH (1365-Kreuznach 3 Sep 1417, bur Kreuznach Pauluskirche)On her death, one-fifth of the county of Sponheim [“vordere Grafschaft”] passed to the Palatinate.  The other four-fifths of the county passed to Johann [V] Graf von Sponheim-Starkenburg [“hintere Grafschaft”].  m firstly (5 Apr 1381) as his second wife, ENGELBERT [III] Graf von der Mark, son of ADOLF [III] Graf von der Mark & his wife Margareta von Kleve ([28 Feb] 1333-Wetter 22 Dec 1391).  m secondly (Alzey 1392 before 30 Aug) RUPRECHT PIPAN Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, son of RUPRECHT III Pfalzgraf bei Rhein King of Germany & his wife Elisabeth von Nürnberg [Hohenzollern] (Amberg 20 Feb 1375-Amberg 25 Jan 1397, bur Amberg St Martin). 

(b)       ELISABETH (-1395).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m JOHANN [IV] Graf von Sponheim, son of --- (-1411). 

(c)       MARGARETA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m PHILIPP von Falkenstein-Münzenberg, son of --- (-1410). 

ii)         JOHANN (-1348).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 10 Jan 1333 under which "Walrave Greven Symons Son von Spanheim" reached agreement with "mime…Swager Wilhelme Grefin von Katzinelbogen" concerning the dower of "miner…Frauwen Elisabet die Swester ist Wilhelms des vorgenanten", with the consent of "Simon Gref von Spanheim egenant, Johann und Reinhold unsre Sone"[219]

iii)        REINHOLD (-1352).  Pope John XXII granted "eccl. Treverensi canonicatum" to “Raynaldo nato Symonnis comitis de Spaenheim”, dated 2 Nov 1330[220].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 10 Jan 1333 under which "Walrave Greven Symons Son von Spanheim" reached agreement with "mime…Swager Wilhelme Grefin von Katzinelbogen" concerning the dower of "miner…Frauwen Elisabet die Swester ist Wilhelms des vorgenanten", with the consent of "Simon Gref von Spanheim egenant, Johann und Reinhold unsre Sone"[221].  Pope Clement VI installed “Reynoldo nato quondam Symonis comitis de Spanheym canonico Coloniensi” in "subdiaconatus ordine", dated 26 May 1343[222]

iv)       ELISABETH .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not been identified.  The Limburger Chronik records that "lantgrebe Henrich…bruder…lantgrebe Ludewig" married "eins greben dochter von Spanheim"[223]m firstly as his third wife, RUDOLF [I] Graf von Hohenberg, son of ALBRECHT [II] Graf von Hohenberg & his [first/second wife ---/Margareta von Fürstenberg] (-11 Jan 1336, bur Ehingen).  m secondly (Oct 1340) LUDWIG II Landgraf Herr von Hessen zu Grebenstein, son of OTTO I Landgraf Herr von Hessen & his wife Adelheid von Ravensberg (-2 Feb 1345). 

b)         JOHANN (-1340).  "Emiche der Corbischof von Lüdeche, Simon, Johann und Gotfried Gebrüdere Grauen von Spanheim" agreed the marriage of "Annen unser Suester" and "Grauen Lodwig von Rynecken" by charter dated 1299[224]

c)         EMICH (-[1325/26]).  Pope Boniface VIII issued a dispensation for "Emiconi nato Johannis comitis de Spanehym...Adolphi regis Romanorum...clericus et consanguineus" to hold "ecclesie Leodiensis canonicatum ab prebendam" dated 21 Mar 1297[225]"Emiche der Corbischof von Lüdeche, Simon, Johann und Gotfried Gebrüdere Grauen von Spanheim" agreed the marriage of "Annen unser Suester" and "Grauen Lodwig von Rynecken" by charter dated 1299[226]

d)         GOTTFRIED (-1316).  "Emiche der Corbischof von Lüdeche, Simon, Johann und Gotfried Gebrüdere Grauen von Spanheim" agreed the marriage of "Annen unser Suester" and "Grauen Lodwig von Rynecken" by charter dated 1299[227]

e)         ANNA (-5 Aug 1311).  "Emiche der Corbischof von Lüdeche, Simon, Johann und Gotfried Gebrüdere Grauen von Spanheim" agreed the marriage of "Annen unser Suester" and "Grauen Lodwig von Rynecken" by charter dated 1299[228]m (contract 1299) ashis first wife, LUDWIG [V] Graf von Rieneck, son of LUDWIG [III] Graf von Rieneck & his wife --- (-3 Jul 1333). 

3.         JOHANNA von Sponheim (-after 1270).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated May 1270 under which "Iohannes nobilis de Spanheim et Adelheidis uxor nostra" exchanged property with "Ingebrandi dicti de Munzichen civis in Crucenachen et Gude uxoris sue", witnessed by "Dni Emechonis soceri nostri ac Frederici sororii nostri comitum de Liningen…"[229]m (before May 1270) as his second wife, FRIEDRICH [V] Graf von Leiningen, son of FRIEDRICH [IV] Graf von Leiningen & his wife Adelheid von Kyburg (-1316). 

4.         IMENA von Sponheim The marriage contract between "Walterum seniorem filium…domini H. de Gerolsdesekken, comitis Veldencie" and "Ymenam filiam…Sy bone memorie comitis de Spanheim…Johannes de Spanheim frater predicte Ymene" is dated 3 Aug 1270[230]m (contract 3 Aug 1270) WALTER von Geroldseck, son of HEINRICH von Geroldseck Graf von Veldenz & his wife Agnes von Veldenz. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    GRAFEN von VELDENZ

 

 

The county of Veldenz lay south of the county of Sponhe im and the Rheingrafschaft, south-east of the river Mosel, its territory lying around the town of Lichtenberg, although the town of Veldenz itself lay within the lay jurisdiction of the archbishopric of Trier.  The county originally formed part of the county of Nahegau.  Croll studied the first dynasty of the Grafen von Veldenz in the 18th century and concluded that they probably descended from the Grafen im Nahegau (see FRANCONIA) and in whose family the names Emich and Gerlach are repeated[231].  It is not impossible that Gerlach [I] Graf von Veldenz and his brother Emich, ancestor of the Wildgrafen, were the same persons as Graf Emich (named in various sources dated between 1108 and 1135 as Graf im Nahegau, Graf von Schmidburg and Graf von Kirburg) and his brother Gerlach.  The mentions of the two sets of brothers cover approximately the same period, and no other record has been identified of the marriages and descendants of Graf Emich im Nahegau and his brother Gerlach.  The only apparent difficulty is that most sources, in which the brothers are named together, name the Veldenz brothers in a different order from the Nahegau/Schmidburg brothers, which suggests a different order of seniority by age.  Another possibility is that the Veldenz brothers were first cousins of the Nahegau/Schmidburg brothers, maybe sons of an otherwise unrecorded sister. 

 

The primary sources reveal five successive counts of Veldenz named Gerlach between the 1130s and the mid-13th century.  Given the birth of Graf Gerlach [V], dated to after 1228, the chronology suggests that these five counts belonged to at least five successive generations. However, it should be noted that no primary sources have yet been identified which confirm the parentage of either Graf Gerlach [II] or Graf Gerlach [IV].  On the basis of our current knowledge, it cannot therefore be confirmed that these five counts represented a continuous succession from father to son.  Little information about the lives and careers of the Grafen von Veldenz is gleaned from the primary sources, apart from their enjoyment of a prominent position in the courts of both the archbishop of Mainz and the archbishop of Trier, at least throughout most of the 12th century, as shown by their witnessing numerous imperial and archiepiscopal charters.  The county of Veldenz was closely linked to the church of Verdun whose ownership of property within the county is recorded in several sources.  Laurence of Laon´s Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that Richer Bishop of Verdun travelled northwards along the river Mosel "ad Valdentiam alodium ecclesiæ" where he died in 1107[232].  Emperor Friedrich I confirmed the privileges of the church of Verdun by charter dated 17 Aug 1156, which lists "Valdentiam…castrum cum advocatia et banno" among the church´s possessions[233].  Graf Gerlach [IV] confirmed his allegiance to the bishop of Verdun for his castle in 1235.  No primary source has yet been identified which shows that the Veldenz comital family founded a specific monastic establishment themselves or that they enjoyed a continuous association with one particular church or abbey.  No indication has yet been found of the identities of the wives of Graf Gerlach [II] or Graf Gerlach [III], although they presumably belonged to prominent local Franconian comital families as judged by the known marriages of the three other counts named Gerlach.  The heiress of Graf Gerlach [V] married the Swabian nobleman Heinrich von Geroldseck in the late 1260s.  The couple were ancestors of the second dynasty of Grafen von Veldenz (not treated in the present document) until its extinction in the male line in 1444, when the county passed to Stefan Pfalzgraf in Simmern und Zweibrücken who had married the heiress, and through whom he also succeeded in reuniting the frequently divided territories of the county of Sponheim. 

 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von VELDENZ

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GERLACH [I] (-before 1141).  "Werinherus…comes et advocatus cenobii sancte crucis in Cofunga" donated "in Oggozeshusum mansum 1, in Crumbelbach mansos 2, Vennee 3 mansos…Ritte mansos 3…" to the abbess of Kaufungen by charter dated 1102, witnessed by "Bertholfus comes, Sigefrid palatinus comes, Emicho comes, Emicho comes, Gerlach comes, Udo comes"[234].  "Arnoldus comes, Gerlahus comes, Embricho vicedominus…" witnessed the charter dated 1119, before 15 Aug, under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz granted property to Stift St Maria at Mainz[235].  "…Gerlachus Comes de Feldenzun…" witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed donations to Mainz[236]"…Gerlacus de Veldence…" witnessed the charter dated 1131 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation of "villa Woverebach…in pago Wetereiba in comitatu Bertoldi comitis de Nuringe" to Mainz[237].  Emperor Lothar donated property to Epternach by charter dated 24 Apr 1131 witnessed by "…Gerlacus comes fraterque suus Imecho…"[238].  "…Emmecho comes et frater eius Gerlacus de Veldenz…" witnessed the charter dated 1136 which records an agreement between the canons of Trier St Simon and Bamberg St Georg concerning tithes in Hönningen[239]m CÄCILIE von Thüringen, daughter of LUDWIG "der Salier/der Springer" Graf in Thüringen & his [second] wife Adelheid von Stade (-1141, bur Reinhardsbrunn).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Cunegundim, Ceciliam, Adelheidim" as the three daughters of "Ludewicus comes" & his wife Adelheid[240].  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "Ceciliam" as second daughter of Graf Ludwig & his wife, recording that she married "comes de Weldense Gerlacus" and that by him she was mother of "Udonem minorem Cycensem episcopum"[241].  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the death in 1141 of "Cecilia filia comitis Ludewici primi…relicta comitis Gerlaci" and her burial at Reinhardsbrunn[242].  Gerlach [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [GERLACH [II] (-1186 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, it is clear that Gerlach [II] must have been a different person from Gerlach [I] as Cäcilie von Thüringen was named as widow of the latter in 1141.  Graf von Veldenz.] 

-        see below

b)         UDO .  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "Ceciliam" as second daughter of Graf Ludwig & his wife, recording that she married "comes de Weldense Gerlacus" and that by him she was mother of "Udonem minorem Cycensem episcopum"[243]

2.         EMICH (-after 1136).  "Werinherus…comes et advocatus cenobii sancte crucis in Cofunga" donated "in Oggozeshusum mansum 1, in Crumbelbach mansos 2, Vennee 3 mansos…Ritte mansos 3…" to the abbess of Kaufungen by charter dated 1102, witnessed by "Bertholfus comes, Sigefrid palatinus comes, Emicho comes, Emicho comes, Gerlach comes, Udo comes"[244]Emperor Lothar donated property to Epternach by charter dated 24 Apr 1131 witnessed by "…Gerlacus comes fraterque suus Imecho…"[245].  "…Emmecho comes et frater eius Gerlacus de Veldenz…" witnessed the charter dated 1136 which records an agreement between the canons of Trier St Simon and Bamberg St Georg concerning tithes in Hönningen[246]

-        WILDGRAFEN und GRAFEN von KYRBURG

 

 

GERLACH [II], son of [GERLACH [I] Graf von Veldenz & his wife Cäcilie von Thüringen] (-1186 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, it is clear that Gerlach [II] must have been a different person from Gerlach [I] as Cäcilie von Thüringen was named as widow of the latter in 1141.  Graf von Veldenz.  "…Comites…Gerlaus de Veldece…" subscribed the charter dated 30 May 1145 under which Heinrich Archbishop of Mainz confirmed possessions of the canons of Gottesthal[247]"…Conradus comes de Kirberg, Gerlacus comes fraterque suus Imecho…" subscribed the charter dated 4 Jan 1146 under which Konrad III King of Germany confirmed an agreement between Adalbero Archbishop of Trier and Henri Comte de Namur[248]Hillin Archbishop of Trier confirmed an exchange of property "in pago Nahgove in archiepiscopatu Moguntino per manum Folmari comitis de Castele et advocati prædictæ curiæ" for property "in Nasove…in pago Logenæ" with the bishop of Worms, represented by "advocati maioris domus Symonis comitis de Sarbruke", adding that "prædictum castrum de Nasove" had been occupied violently by "antecessores Ruberti et Arnoldi de Lurenberg", by charter dated 9 Mar 1158 witnessed by "Symon advocatus maioris domus Wormatiensis ecclesiæ, Folmar comes de Castele, Cunradus comes de Cherberch, Hemico comes de Boimeneburch, Godefridus comes de Spanheim, Gerlacus comes de Veldenze…"[249].  "…Gerlacus comes de Veldence…" subscribed a charter dated end 1173 under which Christian Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation to Kloster Tiefenthal[250]"Gerhardus Silvester comes et frater eius Conradus, Gerlacus comes de Veldenzem et filius eius Gerlacus, Embricho Hirsutus comes et frater eius Conradus…" witnessed a charter dated 1186 under which the archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange involving Flonheim[251]

m ---.  The name of Gerlach´s wife is not known. 

Gerlach [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         GERLACH [III] (-after 22 Nov 1214).  "Gerhardus Silvester comes et frater eius Conradus, Gerlacus comes de Veldenzem et filius eius Gerlacus, Embricho Hirsutus comes et frater eius Conradus…" witnessed a charter dated 1186 under which the archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange involving Flonheim[252]Graf von Veldenz.  ["Gerlacus Comes de Veldenzin…" witnessed the charter dated 1191 under which Konrad Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster Conradsdorf by "Hartmannus de Budigen"[253]"…Henricus comes de Spanheim, Henricus comes de Sarbrucken, Gerlacus comes de Veldense, Bertoldus comes de Dietse, Gotfridus comes de Vebing…" witnessed the charter dated 1192 under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed privileges of the church of Mainz[254].  It is uncertain whether these two documents refer to Graf Gerlach [II] or Graf Gerlach [III]: his privileged position in the witness list suggests seniority which may indicate that he was Gerlach [II] rather than his son.]  "Gerlacus comes de Veldence" and the abbey of St Eucharius, Trier reached agreement about "Hunria villarum…Hemptre et Lampaiden" by charter dated 1202[255].  Emperor Friedrich II ordered the destruction of "castrum Lichtenberg" built without authorisation by "comes de Veldencem in allodio S. Remigii Remensis" by charter dated 22 Nov 1214[256]m ---.  The name of Gerlach´s wife is not known.  Gerlach [III] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [GERLACH [IV] (-before 30 Apr 1245).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, the chronology indicates that Graf Gerlach [IV] must have been a different person from Graf Gerlach [III] and could have been his son.  Graf von Veldenz.  Theodericus Archbishop of Trier confirmed an agreement between "Gerlaco comiti Valdencie" and Jean Bishop of Verdun concerning the rights of the bishopric by charter dated 30 Nov 1220[257].  "Gerlacus comes de Veldence" donated "capellam Ennensheym" to the church of Flanheim St Maria by charter dated 1224, witnessed by "Silvester comes Conradus, Embericho de Lapide…"[258].  "Guerlacus comes Valdencie" confirmed allegiance to the bishop of Verdun for "castro meo" by charter dated 23 Aug 1235[259].  "Ermesindis comitissa Luccemburgensis et Ruppinensis" granted "villam de Grevewilre et de Rodeha et de Vinckenbach" to "Gerlacus comes Veldentzie…consensu Beatricis uxoris sue" by charter dated 25 Feb 1236[260].]  m (before 25 Feb 1236) BEATRIX, daughter of [KONRAD [II] Wildgraf & his wife Gisela von Saarbrücken].  "Ermesindis comitissa Luccemburgensis et Ruppinensis" granted "villam de Grevewilre et de Rodeha et de Vinckenbach" to "Gerlacus comes Veldentzie…consensu Beatricis uxoris sue" by charter dated 25 Feb 1236[261].  "Beatrix comitissa domini Gerlaci bone memorie comitis Veldencie relicta…filii mei Gerlaci tutrix et curatrix" founded a mass at St Helenenburg, in accordance with the testament of "dominus supradictus" and with the consent of "consanguineorum…", by charter dated 30 Apr 1245[262].  Croll states that Konrad [II] Wildgraf calls Gerlach [V] Graf von Veldenz "nepotem" in a charter dated 1259 and that this word has been interpreted as "grandson" in a mid-18th century manuscript genealogy[263].  The relationship is also suggested by the charter dated Apr 1271 under which "Conradus de Bochisberc...cum...Gerlacus pie recordationis quondam comes de Veldenze, avunculi nostri…Craftonis, Gerhardi canonicorum Herbipolensium et Adilheidis confratrum nostrorum, matri nostre quondam sorore sue" renounced revenue "de curia Konken", with the consent of "Craftonis, Gerhardis et Adilheidis predictorum confratrum nostrorum", and names "avunculus noster dominus Emicho comes Silvestris…et Hugonis nati sui" as guarantors[264]Gerlach [IV] & his wife had two children: 

i)          GERLACH [V] (after [1228]-[17 Jun 1259/Jul 1260])"Beatrix comitissa domini Gerlaci bone memorie comitis Veldencie relicta…filii mei Gerlaci tutrix et curatrix" founded a mass at St Helenenburg, in accordance with the testament of "dominus supradictus" and with the consent of "consanguineorum…", by charter dated 30 Apr 1245[265]Graf von Veldenz"Gerlacus comes Veldentzie" freed "Heinricus dictus de Suffersheim et Benigna conjuges in terminis ville nostre Wentzenheim" by charter dated 6 Dec 1254[266].  "Gerlacus comes Veldentie" donated property "in Osterna et in Ouinbach" to Kloster Wersweiler, with the consent of "uxoris nostre Elisabeth et parentum nostrorum", by charter dated Aug 1258[267].  Eberhard Bishop of Worms recognised that, if "Gerlacum comitem de Veldenze" died without male heirs, "filiabus suis" would inherit "castrum Landsburg" held by Graf Gerlach from the bishopric, by charter dated 17 Jun 1259[268]m (1254) ELISABETH von Zweibrücken, daughter of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Zweibrücken & his wife Agnes von Eberstein (-1259).  "Hanricus comes et A. comitissa Geminipontis" granted dowry to "generum nostrum Gerlacum comitem de Veldentia", with the consent of "patris nostri E. comitis de Everstein et A. matris nostre necnon Elizabeth et Adleidis filiarum E. quondam comitis de Seina fratris nostri", by charter dated Jul 1258[269].  "Gerlacus comes Veldentie" donated property "in Osterna et in Ouinbach" to Kloster Wersweiler, with the consent of "uxoris nostre Elisabeth et parentum nostrorum", by charter dated Aug 1258[270]Gerlach [V] & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       AGNES ([1254/55]-)"Agneta comitissa filia quondam Gerlaci comitis de Veldentze" granted property "in villa Leibersheim" to "de Landesburg et de Liechtenberg castrensium nostrorum Balwino militi de Landesberg", with the consent of "avi nostri Henrici comitis Geminipontis", by charter dated 10 Jun 1263[271]m (before 3 Aug 1270) HEINRICH von Geroldseck, son of --- (-[after 1296]).  Graf von VeldenzThe marriage contract between "Walterum seniorem filium…domini H. de Gerolsdesekken, comitis Veldencie" and "Ymenam filiam…Sy bone memorie comitis de Spanheim…Johannes de Spanheim frater predicte Ymene" is dated 3 Aug 1270[272]

(b)       daughter(s) (-after 17 Jun 1259).  That Graf Gerlach [V] had more than one daughter is confirmed by the charter dated 17 Jun 1259 under which Eberhard Bishop of Worms recognised that, if "Gerlacum comitem de Veldenze" died without male heirs, "filiabus suis" would inherit "castrum Landsburg" held by Graf Gerlach from the bishopric[273]

ii)         ADELHEID (-after Apr 1271).  Croll cites sources which, read together, indicate this marriage, together with a reconstruction of the family of the Herren von Bocksberg and Herren von Krautheim from 1144 to the end-13th century[274].  "Conradus de Bochisberc...cum...Gerlacus pie recordationis quondam comes de Veldenze, avunculi nostri…Craftonis, Gerhardi canonicorum Herbipolensium et Adilheidis confratrum nostrorum, matri nostre quondam sorore sue" renounced revenue "de curia Konken", with the consent of "Craftonis, Gerhardis et Adilheidis predictorum confratrum nostrorum", by charter dated Apr 1271 which names "avunculus noster dominus Emicho comes Silvestris…et Hugonis nati sui" as guarantors[275]m KRAFT [I] von Bocksberg, son of --- (-before 1271).  "Krafto de Bochisberc" granted "partem predii nostri Grewilre, Hohenhelde, Niwenburc" to "Balduwino militi et filio suo Balduwino cognomine Bische de Landesburc" by charter dated 1268[276]

b)         [HUGO (-after 1257).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Canon at Trier cathedral.] 

2.         [AGNES von Veldenz (-[1185/90])Poull states that Duke Simon is named in [1185] with “Agnes de Valdentz[277].  If Agnes belonged to the family of the Grafen von Veldenz, the chronology suggests that she would have been the daughter of Graf Gerlach [II].  A primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m (before [1185]) as his first wife, SIMON II Duke of Lorraine, son of MATHIEU I Duke of Lorraine & his wife Bertha [Judith] von Staufen (before 1152-1 Apr 1206, bur Stürzelbronn).] 

 

 

 

B.      PFALZGRAFEN zu VELDENZ

 

 

RUPRECHT Pfalzgraf zu Zweibrücken, son of ALEXANDER Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz & his wife Margareta Gräfin von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (Zweibrücken 1506-Grevenstein 28 Jul 1544, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  Canon at Strasbourg and Mainz cathedrals, at Köln cathedral 1517.  He succeeded in 1533 as Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz.  He received Remigiusberg from his brother Ludwig.  He received the baillages of Veldenz and Lauterecken in 1543 from his nephew Wolfgang. 

m (23 Jun 1537) as her first husband, URSULA Wild- und Rheingräfin zu Salm-Kyrburg, daughter of JOHANN [VII] Wild- und Rheingraf zu Kyrburg & his wife --- (1515-1601).  She married secondly (13 Dec 1546) Johann von Daun Graf zu Falkenstein (-1579). 

Ruprecht & his wife had three children: 

1.         ANNA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (12 May 1540-Graben 30 Mar 1586, bur Pforzheim Schloßkirche)m (Heidelberg 1 Aug 1558) as his second wife, KARL II Markgraf von Baden und Hochberg, son of ERNST Markgraf von Baden und Hochberg & his first wife Elisabeth von Brandenburg-Ansbach (Sulzburg 24 Jun 1529-Karlsburg near Durlach 23 Mar 1577, bur Pforzheim Schloßkirche).  He adopted the title Markgraf von Baden-Durlach 1566. 

2.         GEORG JOHANN Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (11 Apr 1543-Lützelstein 18 Apr 1592, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1544 as Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz.  zu Guttenberg 1553, Lützelstein 1566.  m (20 Dec 1563) ANNA MARIA Pss of Sweden, daughter of GUSTAF I Eriksson Vasa King of Sweden & his second wife Margareta Eriksdotter [Leijonhufvud] (19 Jun 1545-30 Mar 1610, bur Remigiusburg).  Georg Johann & his wife had eleven children: 

a)         GEORG GUSTAV Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Remigiusburg 6 Feb 1564-3 Jun 1634, bur Remigiusburg).  He succeeded his father in 1592 as Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz

-        see below.   

b)         ANNA MARGARETA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (28 Apr 1565-Remigiusberg 2 Oct 1566, bur Remigiusberg). 

c)         JOHANN RUPRECHT Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (9 Sep 1566-1 Oct 1567, bur Remigiusburg). 

d)         ANNA MARGARETA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (17 Jan 1571-1 Nov 1621)m (14 Dec 1589) as his third wife, RICHARD Pfalzgraf von Simmern und Sponheim, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Simmern und Sponheim & his first wife Beatrix von Baden-Hachberg (Simmern 25 Jul 1521-Simmern 13/14 Jan 1598, bur Simmern Stadtkirche). 

e)         URSULA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (24 Feb 1572-Nürtingen 1635, bur Tübingen St Georg/Stiftskirche)m (Stuttgart 20 May 1585) as his second wife, LUDWIG III Herzog von Württemberg, son of CHRISTOPH Herzog von Württemberg-Montbéliard & his wife Anna Maria von Brandenburg (Stuttgart 1 Jan 1554-Stuttgart 18 Aug 1593, bur Tübingen St Georg/Stiftskirche).

f)          JOHANNA ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (2 Oct 1573-Nürtingen 28 Jul 1601, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche). 

g)         JOHANN AUGUST Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Schloß Lemberg 26 Nov 1575-Schloß Lemberg 18 Sep 1611, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1592 as Pfalzgraf zu Lützelstein.  m (Braubach 30 Jan or 14 Jun 1599) as her second husband, ANNA ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Simmern, widow of PHILIPP II "der Jüngere" Landgraf von Hessen-Rheinfels, daughter of FRIEDRICH III Elector Palatine & his first wife Maria Markgräfin von Brandenburg-Bayreuth (Simmern 23 Jun 1549-Lützelstein 20 Sep 1609, bur Lützelstein Stadtkirche). 

h)         LUDWIG PHILIPP Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (24 Nov 1577-Guttenberg 24 Oct 1601).  He succeeded his father in 1592 as Pfalzgraf zu Guttenberg 1592, minor until 1593.  

i)          ANNA MARIA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (9 Jun 1579-16 Oct 1579). 

j)          KATHARINA URSULA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (3 Aug 1582-Lauterecken 22 Nov 1595). 

k)         GEORG JOHANN Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lützelstein 24 Jun 1586-29 Sep 1654, bur Lützelstein)He succeeded his father in 1592 as Pfalzgraf zu Guttenberg, minor until 1604, zu Lützelstein 1611.  m (Neuburg an der Donau 6 Jun 1613) SUSANNA Pfalzgräfin von Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein, daughter of OTTO HEINRICH Pfalzgraf von Sulzbach & his wife Dorothea Maria Herzogin von Württemberg (Sulzbach 6 Jun 1591-Nürtingen 21 Feb 1661, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche).  Georg Johann & his wife had four children: 

i)          GEORG OTTO Pfalzgraf zu Lützelstein-Guttenberg (Lützelstein 25 Sep 1614-Tübingen 30 Aug 1635, bur Tübingen St Georg). 

ii)         ANNA MARIA Pfalzgräfin zu Lützelstein-Guttenberg (Lützelstein 20 Jun 1616-Lützelstein 13 Sep 1616). 

iii)        JOHANN FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Lützelstein-Guttenberg (Lützelstein 5 Sep 1617-Lützelstein 21 Feb 1618, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche). 

iv)       PHILIPP LUDWIG Pfalzgraf zu Lützelstein-Guttenberg (4 Oct 1619-19 Mar 1620, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche). 

3.         URSULA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (1544-)m (18 Dec 1578) WIRICH [VI] von Daun Graf von Falkenstein, son of --- (1539-shot by the Spaniards Schloß Broich in Mülheim 10 Oct 1598). 

 

 

GEORG GUSTAV Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz, son of GEORG JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Veldenz & his wife Anna Pss of Sweden (Remigiusburg 6 Feb 1564-3 Jun 1634, bur Remigiusburg).  He succeeded his father in 1592 as Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz

m firstly (Stuttgart 30 Oct 1586) as her second husband, ELISABETH Herzogin von Württemberg, widow of GEORG ERNST Graf und Herr zu Henneberg-Schleusingen, daughter of CHRISTOPH Herzog von Württemberg & his wife Anna Marie von Brandenburg-Ansbach (Basel 3 Mar 1548-Schloß Karlsburg 28 Feb 1592, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche). 

m secondly (Zweibrücken 17 May 1601) MARIE ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken, daughter of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Magdalena Pss von Kleve (Zweibrücken 7 Nov 1581-Lauterecken 18 Aug 1637, bur 1694 Remigiusberg). 

Georg Gustav & his wife had eleven children: 

1.         ANNA MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 19 Mar 1602-Bernstadt 20 Aug 1630, bur Bernstadt St Katharina)m (Oels 7 Nov 1617) as his first wife, HEINRICH WENZEL Duke of Münsterberg-Oels in Bernstadt, son of KARL II Duke of Münsterberg-Oels in Bernstadt [Podiebrad] & his second wife Elisabeth Magdalena Pss von Brieg [Piast] (7 Oct 1592-Schloß Vielgut bei Oels 21 Aug 1639, bur Oels St Johann Baptist). 

2.         JOHANN FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 12 Jan 1604-Augsburg 30 Nov 1632, bur 1805 Munich St Michael).  Lieutenant colonel in the Swedish army. 

3.         GEORG GUSTAV Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 17 Aug 1605-Rockenhausen 17 Nov 1605, bur Remigiusburg).

4.         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 18 Mar 1607-4 Oct 1608).  

5.         KARL LUDWIG Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 5 Feb 1609-killed in battle Werben am Havel 19Jul 1631, bur Stettin St Marien). 

6.         WOLFGANG WILHELM Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 22 Aug 1610-27 Jan 1611, bur Remigiusburg). 

7.         SOPHIE SIBILLE Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Rothau im Steintal 14 Dec 1612-Lauterecken 12 Jul 1616, bur Remigiusburg). 

8.         MARIA ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 24 Jun 1616-Lauterecken 12 Sep 1649).  Canoness at Herford.  

9.         MARIA AMALIA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Rothau im Steintal 11 Sep 1621-Rothau im Steintal 14 Nov 1621).  

10.      MAGDALENA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz ([Rothau im Steintal] 29 Nov 1622-Strasbourg 15 Aug 1691). 

11.      LEOPOLD LUDWIG Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Feb 1625-Strasbourg 29 Sep 1694, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche)He succeeded his father in 1634 as Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz, minor until 1643.  He succeeded his uncle Georg Johann in 1654 as Pfalzgraf zu Lützelstein.  Converted to Lutheranism.  m (Bischweiler 4 Jul 1648) AGATHA CHRISTINA Gräfin von Hanau-Lichtenberg, daughter of PHILIPP WOLFGANG Graf von Hanau-Lichtenberg & his wife Johanna Gräfin von Oettingen (Bouxwiller 11 Aug 1632-Strasbourg 5 Dec 1681, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche).  Leopold Ludwig & his wife had twelve children: 

a)         daughter (Lauterecken 1649-Lauterecken ----, bur Remigiusberg). 

b)         ANNA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 20 May 1650-Mörchingen/Morhange 12 Jun 1706, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche).  She converted to Catholicism and became a nun 1694, but ultimately returned to Lutheranism.

c)         GUSTAV PHILIPP Erbpfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 17 Jul 1651-Lauterecken 24 Aug 1679, bur Lauterecken). 

d)         ELISABETH JOHANNA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 22 Feb 1653-Mörchingen 5 Feb 1718, bur Diemeringen)m (Mörchingen 27 Dec 1669) JOHANN [XI] Wild- und Rheingraf zu Salm-Kyrburg zu Mörchingen, son of --- (-Flonheim am Rhein 16 Nov 1688, bur Kirn Stadtkirche). 

e)         CHRISTINE Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lauterecken 29 Mar 1654-Lützelstein 18 Feb 1655).  

f)          CHRISTINE LUISE Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lützelstein 11 Nov 1655-Lützelstein 14 Apr 1656). 

g)         CHRISTIAN LUDWIG Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lützelstein 5 Oct 1656-Lützelstein 15 Apr 1658). 

h)         DOROTHEA Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lützelstein 16 Jan 1658-Strasbourg 17 Aug 1723, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche)m (Zweibrücken 10 Jul 1707, annulled religiously by the Bishop of Metz Paris 2 Apr 1723, separation effected 23 Apr 1723) as his first wife, GUSTAV SAMUEL LEOPOLD Pfalzgraf zu Kleeburg, son of ADOLF JOHANN Pfalzgraf zu Kleeburg & his second wife Elsa Elisabeth Brahe (Stegeborg 12 Apr 1670-Zweibrücken 17 Sep 1731, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  Herzog von Zweibrücken 1718. 

i)          LEOPOLD LUDWIG Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lützelstein 14 Mar 1659-Lützelstein 17 Mar 1660, bur Lützelstein). 

j)          KARL GEORG Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lützelstein 27 May 1660-killed in battle siege of Ofen 4 Jul 1686). 

k)         AGNES ELEONORE Pfalzgräfin zu Veldenz (Lützelstein 29 Jun 1662-Lützelstein 1 Jan 1664). 

l)          AUGUST LEOPOLD Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz (Lützelstein 22 Dec 1663-killed in battle Mainz 9 Sep 1689, bur Hanau Lutheran church).

 

 

On the death in 1694 without surviving male heirs of Leopold Ludwig Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz, the succession to Veldenz, Lauterecken and Lützelstein was disputed between Christian August Herzog von Sulzbach, Carl XI King of Sweden, and Christian II Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler.  The final resolution came with the Succession Treaty of Mannheim 23 Dec 1733, which confirmed Christian III Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler as heir. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÚCKEN

 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÚCKEN

 

 

HEINRICH [I] von Saarbrücken, son of SIMON [I] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Mechtild --- (-[1228]).  "…Henricus comes de Spanheim, Henricus comes de Sarbrucken, Gerlacus comes de Veldense, Bertoldus comes de Dietse, Gotfridus comes de Vebing…" witnessed the charter dated 1192 under which Emperor Heinrich VI confirmed privileges of the church of Mainz[278].  "Simon comes Sarepont et…mater mea Lucardis comitissa in Wide" donated part of the church at Listorf to Kloster Wadegozingen, with the advice of "ducis cognati mei Walrami et filiorum suorum Henrici et Walrami et Henrici Gemini Ponits comitis patrui mei et…cognati mei Henrici comitis de Castello et…Lutheri comitis de Wide" by charter dated 1223[279]Graf von Zweibrücken.  "E. comes de Obresten et…Henricus comes Geminipontis" revoked their alliance with "Th. de Barro" and promised fidelity to "domino nostro Ja. … Metensi episcopo" by charter dated 29 Sep 1243[280]

m HADWIGE de Lorraine, daughter of FERRY de Lorraine Seigneur de Bitsch & his wife Wierchosława Ludmilla of Poland (-after 1228).  "Hedewigis comitissa Geminipontis" confirmed the donation of "patronatum ecclesie S. Marie in Omersheim" to Wadgassen abbey made by "collateralis meis Heinricus comes" by charter dated 1225[281]Hawy contesse de Dous Pons, après le decez de mon marit lo conte” donated property at “Harewainvile“ to Sainte-Marie de Villers, with the consent of “mon fil lo conte Henri de Dous Pons”, by charter dated 1228[282]"Hedewigis comitissa Geminipontis et H. unicus filius" confirmed the donation of "decimas in Homersheim…et…allodii in Hauestal" to Wadgassen abbey made by "H. comes Geminipontis quondam…collateralis meus" by undated charter[283]

Heinrich [I] & his wife had children: 

1.         HEINRICH [II] (-1282)"Hedewigis comitissa Geminipontis et H. unicus filius" confirmed the donation of "decimas in Homersheim…et…allodii in Hauestal" to Wadgassen abbey made by "H. comes Geminipontis quondam…collateralis meus" by undated charter[284]Graf von Zweibrücken.  “Hawy contesse de Dous Pons, après le decez de mon marit lo conte” donated property at “Harewainvile“ to Sainte-Marie de Villers, with the consent of “mon fil lo conte Henri de Dous Pons”, by charter dated 1228[285].  “Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[286]m ([1238]) AGNES von Eberstein, daughter of EBERHARD [IV] Herr von Eberstein & his wife Adelheid von Sayn (-1297).  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein dictus senior" donated property to Kloster Herrenalb, with the consent of "uxoris mee Adelheidis et filie mee Agnetis comitisse Gemini Pontis et Symonis iunioris comitis nepotis mei", by charter dated 1258[287].  "Eberhardus comes de Eberstein et Adelhaidis uxor nostra" donated property at Uswilare to Kloster Frauenalb by charter dated 1 Jul 1258, witnessed by "Agnetis filiæ nostræ comitissæ de Zwainbrucken"[288].  "Hanricus comes et A. comitissa Geminipontis" granted dowry to "generum nostrum Gerlacum comitem de Veldentia", with the consent of "patris nostri E. comitis de Everstein et A. matris nostre necnon Elizabeth et Adleidis filiarum E. quondam comitis de Seina fratris nostri", by charter dated Jul 1258[289]Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[290].  Heinrich [II] & his wife had children: 

a)         SIMON [I] (-22 Nov 1280).  “Henricus comes Geminipontis” recorded the homage sworn by “Hugonem de Fenestingen generum nostrum...Katerina filia nostra uxor eius”, with the consent of “Symonis, Everardi et Walerami filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1275[291]The Annales Sindelfingenses record the death “post octavam sancti Martini...in civitate Spirensi” 1280 of “Symundus comes Geminipontis[292]m --- von Calw, daughter of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Calw & his wife Uta --- (-21 Feb 1284).  The Annales Sindelfingenses record the death “in vigilia cathedræ Petri” 1284 of “comitissa de Zaphilstan, relicta Symundi comitis de Zwainbruoch[293]Simon [I] & his wife had children: 

i)          HEINRICH [III] (-after 1 Jun 1297)Graf von Zweibrücken.  A charter dated 1 Jun 1297 records the settlement of a dispute between Speyer cathedral and "Heinricum…comitem Geminopontis…et…Otto frater suus nec non coniux sua de Bolandia" concerning passage on the river Rhine[294].  "Otto comes de Eberstein natus quondam domini Symonis comitis Geminipontis" confirmed the grant of salmon fishing rights in the river Rhine by "Heinrico bonæ memoriæ quondam fratri nostro" to "Engelmannus de Bebingen civis Spirencis" by charter dated 20 Feb 1310[295]m KUNIGUNDE von Bolanden, daughter of --- (-after 1 Jun 1297).  A charter dated 1 Jun 1297 records the settlement of a dispute between Speyer cathedral and "Heinricum…comitem Geminopontis…et…Otto frater suus nec non coniux sua de Bolandia" concerning passage on the river Rhine[296]

ii)         OTTO (-after 20 Feb 1310).  A charter dated 1 Jun 1297 records the settlement of a dispute between Speyer cathedral and "Heinricum…comitem Geminopontis…et…Otto frater suus nec non coniux sua de Bolandia" concerning passage on the river Rhine[297].  Graf von Eberstein.  "Otto comes de Eberstein natus quondam domini Symonis comitis Geminipontis" confirmed the grant of salmon fishing rights in the river Rhine by "Heinrico bonæ memoriæ quondam fratri nostro" to "Engelmannus de Bebingen civis Spirencis" by charter dated 20 Feb 1310[298]

iii)        UTA (-before 1290)m (before 1282) as his first wife, KONRAD Herzog von Teck, son of [KONRAD [I] Herzog von Teck & his wife ---] (-murdered [Frankfurt] 1/2 May 1292, bur Owen Marienkirche). 

b)         EBERHARD (-[1316/1321]).  “Henricus comes Geminipontis” recorded the homage sworn by “Hugonem de Fenestingen generum nostrum...Katerina filia nostra uxor eius”, with the consent of “Symonis, Everardi et Walerami filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1275[299].  “Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[300]Graf von Zweibrücken.  “Eberhardus et Walramus fratres et domini Geminipontis” sold “quartam partem silve...in banno Visbach” to Hornbach by charter dated Nov 1284[301].  "Walramus comes Geminipontis…et Everhardum fratrem nostrum" confirmed the privileges of the churches of Schorbach and Mörlheim by charter dated 24 Mar 1301[302]m (before 27 May 1267) AGNES von Saarbrücken, daughter of SIMON [III] de Commercy Graf von Saarbrücken & his first wife Marguerite --- (-after 1304).  Eberhard & his wife had children: 

i)          SIMON [II] (-1355)Graf von Zweibrücken

-         GRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN[303]

c)         WALRAM [I] (-[18/22] Jan 1309]).  “Henricus comes Geminipontis” recorded the homage sworn by “Hugonem de Fenestingen generum nostrum...Katerina filia nostra uxor eius”, with the consent of “Symonis, Everardi et Walerami filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1275[304].  “Henricus comes de Zweinbrucken et Agnes collateralis” donated “castrum nostrum in Stauff, Wormatiensis dioëcesis” to the church of Worms, in the presence of “Eberhardus et Walramus filii...Heinrici comitis de Zweinbrucken et Agnetis eius contectalis”, by charter dated 1282[305]Graf von Zweibrücken.  “Eberhardus et Walramus fratres et domini Geminipontis” sold “quartam partem silve...in banno Visbach” to Hornbach by charter dated Nov 1284[306].  "Walramus comes Geminipontis…et Everhardum fratrem nostrum" confirmed the privileges of the churches of Schorbach and Mörlheim by charter dated 24 Mar 1301[307]m AGNES de Vaudémont, daughter of HUGUES [III] Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Marguerite de Bar (-1282, bur Werschweiler).  Walram [I] & his wife had children: 

i)          SIMON [III] (-before 1312)Graf von Zweibrückenm AGNES von Saarbrücken, daughter of JOHANN [I] Graf von Saarbrücken [Commercy] & his first wife Mathilde d'Aspremont (-before 1 Mar 1337).  Simon [III] & his wife had children: 

(a)       WALRAM [II] (-[30 Jun/29 Sep] 1366)Graf von Zweibrücken.  “Johan v. Salmen Herre zu Puttelingen und Margarete min...frauwe” reached agreement with “unsern...Nefen Greue Johan von Spanheim” about the succession of “frauwen Lorettin...siner mutter, mins Johans Vatdire...swester was” by charter dated 1 Jun 1350, sealed by “unsern...Oyheim Greue Walrame von Zweynbrucken...[308]m JOHANNETTE de Bar, daughter of PIERRE de Bar Seigneur de Pierrefort & his first wife Jeanne de Vienne (-3 Oct 1358).  The Chronicle of Lichtenthal records the death "V Non Oct" 1358 of "domna Jenat de Bare comitissa uxor domni Walrami de Geminoponte"[309][Her son] “Evrard comte de Deux-Ponts...comme hoir de feu...Pierre de Bar” sold his part “en la succession dudit feu Pierre de Bar” to Robert Duke of Bar by charter dated 14 Dec 1384[310]

d)         ELISABETH (-1259)"Hanricus comes et A. comitissa Geminipontis" granted dowry to "generum nostrum Gerlacum comitem de Veldentia", with the consent of "patris nostri E. comitis de Everstein et A. matris nostre necnon Elizabeth et Adleidis filiarum E. quondam comitis de Seina fratris nostri", by charter dated Jul 1258[311].  "Gerlacus comes Veldentie" donated property "in Osterna et in Ouinbach" to Kloster Wersweiler, with the consent of "uxoris nostre Elisabeth et parentum nostrorum", by charter dated Aug 1258[312]m (1254) GERLACH [V] Graf von Veldenz, son of GERLACH [IV] Graf von Veldenz & his wife Beatrix [Wildgrafen] (after [1228]-[Jul 1258/1260]). 

e)         KATHARINA von Zweibrücken .  “Henricus comes Geminipontis” recorded the homage sworn by “Hugonem de Fenestingen generum nostrum...Katerina filia nostra uxor eius”, with the consent of “Symonis, Everardi et Walerami filiorum nostrorum”, by charter dated 1275[313]m HUGO Herr von Vinstingen, son of BRUNICHO Herr von Malberg & his wife --- (-after 1304). 

 

 

 

B.      PFALZGRAFEN von SIMMERN

 

 

FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf in Simmern und Zweibrücken, son of STEFAN Pfalzgraf in Simmern und Zweibrücken & his wife Anna von Veldenz (24 Apr 1417-Simmern 29 Apr 1480, bur Ravengiersburg Augustiner-Kloster).  He inherited a further three-tenths of the county of Sponheim “vordere Grafschaft” and one-half of the county of Sponheim “hintere Grafschaft” in 1444, as well as Veldenz, from the family of his late maternal grandmother.  He succeeded his father in 1459 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern, when he also reunited his Sponheim territories into the duchy of Sponheim. 

m (Lobith 16 Aug 1454) MARGARETA van Gelre, daughter of ARNOLD van Egmond Duke of Gelre & his wife Katharina von Kleve (1436-Simmern 2 Nov 1486, bur Ravengiersburg Augustiner-Kloster).

Friedrich & his wife had ten children

1.         KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (1455-Trier 28 Dec 1522).  Nun at Trier 1478.  Abbess of St Klara at Trier 1504, resigned.

2.         STEFAN Pfalgraf zu Simmern (25 Feb 1457-12 Nov 1489).  Canon at Mainz Cathedral.  Custodian of Köln Cathedral 1473, Canon 1478. 

3.         WILHELM Pfalgraf zu Simmern (2 Jan 1458-1458, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).

4.         JOHANN Pfalgraf zu Simmern (15 May 1459-Starkenburg 17 Jan 1509, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1466, at Trier Cathedral 1470-1478.  Resigned his ecclesiastical appointments 1480, when he succeeded his father as Pfalzgraf von Simmern und Sponheim.  m (29 Sep 1481) JOHANNA Gräfin von Nassau-Saarbrücken, daughter of JOHANN [II] Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken & his first wife Jeanne de Looz zu Heinsberg (14 Apr 1464-7 May 1521, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).

a)         FRIEDRICH Pfalgraf zu Simmern (7 Dec 1490-1490).  

b)         JOHANN Pfalgraf zu Simmern (Simmern 20 Mar 1492-Simmern 18 May 1557, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1509 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern und Sponheim.   

          -        see below

5.         FRIEDRICH Pfalgraf zu Simmern (10 Apr 1460-Trier 17 Oct 1518).  Canon at Speyer Cathedral 1469, at Trier Cathedral 1470, at Köln Cathedral 1478-1508, at Mainz Cathedral 1487, at Strasbourg Cathedral before 1488.  Cantor at Mainz Cathedral and Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1491.  Scholasticus at St Alban, canon at St Stefan.  Canon of St Viktor at Mainz 1506-1508.  Provost of Strasbourg Cathedral 1508, deacon 1509-1518.

6.         RUPRECHT Pfalgraf zu Simmern (16 Oct 1461-Schloß Wörth 19 Apr 1507, bur Regensburg Cathedral).  Canon at Strasbourg and Trier Cathedrals 1470, at Mainz Cathedral 1473.  Cantor and provost at Würzburg Cathedral 1485.  Custodian of Mainz Cathedral 1486-1487.  Coadjutor at Regensburg Cathedral 1487.  Canon at Speyer Cathedral 1488-1492.  Bishop of Regensburg 1492.  Abbot of Klingenmünster 1494.  Provost of St Mariengreden at Mainz until 1507.

7.         ANNA Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (31 Jul 1465-Trier 17 Aug 1517, bur Trier St Klara).  Nun at Trier St Klara.  

8.         MARGARETA Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (2 Dec 1466-Aug 1506, bur St Thomas bei Andernach am Rhein).  Nun at St Agnes at Trier.  Meisterin of St Thomas at Andernach.  

9.         HELENE Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (1467-Trier St Agnes 21 Feb 1555, bur Trier St Agnes).  Prioress at St Agnes at Trier. 

10.      WILHELM Pfalgraf zu Simmern (20 Apr 1468-Trier 1481, bur Trier St Maria Genetrix).  Canon at Trier Cathedral 1480.

 

 

JOHANN Pfalzgraf zu Simmern, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Simmern und Sponheim & his wife Johanna Gräfin von Nassau-Saarbrücken (Simmern 20 Mar 1492-Simmern 18 May 1557, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1509 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern und Sponheim. 

m firstly (Trarbach 22 May 1508) BEATRIX von Baden, daughter of CHRISTOPH I Markgraf von Baden & his wife Ottilie von Katzenelnbogen (22 Jan 1492-4 Apr 1535, bur Simmern). 

m secondly (Schloß Dhaun 1554) as her first husband, MARIE JAKOBINE Gräfin von Oettingen, daughter of LUDWIG [XV] Graf von Oettingen in Oettingen & his wife --- (1525-13 Dec 1575, bur Scheinfeld).  She married secondly (Heidelberg 25 Feb 1560) Johann zu Schwarzenberg, who succeeded in 1566 as Graf zu Schwarzenberg. 

Johann & his first wife had twelve children:

1.         KATHARINE Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (27 Mar 1510-Kloster Kumd bei Simmern 22 Mar 1572).  Nun at Marienberg bei Boppard 1563.  Abbess of Kumd 1563 and 1572.

2.         JOHANNA Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (1 Jul 1512-Marienberg bei Boppard 2 Feb 1581, bur Marienberg bei Boppard).  Abbess of Marienberg bei Boppard 1576.

3.         OTTILIE Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (24 Nov 1513-Marienberg bei Boppard 6 Sep 1553, bur Marienberg).  Nun at Marienberg bei Boppard.

4.         FRIEDRICH Pfalgraf zu Simmern (Simmern 14 Feb 1515-Heidelberg 26 Oct 1576, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his father in 1557 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern.  He succeeded his distant cousin in 1559 as FRIEDRICH III Elector Palatine

-        ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1559-1685.

5.         BRIGITTA Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (Simmern 18 Aug 1516-Kloster Neunburg bei Heidelberg 30 Apr 1562, bur Kloster Neunburg).  Abbess at Neuburg am Neckar 1552. 

6.         GEORG Pfalgraf zu Simmern (20 Feb 1518-Simmern 17 May 1569, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  Canon at Mainz Cathedral 1526-1540, at Strasbourg Cathedral 1532-1540, at Bamberg Cathedral 1535-1540.  He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments 1540.  He succeeded his brother 1559 as Pfalzgraf von Simmernm (9 Jan 1541) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Hessen, widow of LUDWIG II Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken, daughter of WILHELM I "der Ältere" Landgraf von Hessen & his wife Anna von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1503-Lauingen 4 Jan 1563, bur Lauingen St Martin).  Mistress (1): ELISABETH von Rosenfeld gt Hayer, daughter of ---.  Georg & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOHANN Pfalgraf zu Simmern (7 Oct [1541]-28 Jan 1562, bur Mainz St Stephan).

Georg had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1):    

b)         ADAM (-after 1598).  Legitimised and created Herr von Rauenspurg at Vienna 21 Dec 1566.

c)          GEORG (-after 1598).  Legitimised and created Herr von Rauenspurg at Vienna 21 Dec 1566.

7.         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (13 Feb 1520-18 Feb 1564, bur Michelstadt)m (Fürstenau 9 Jan 1536) GEORG Graf von Erbach zu Michelstadt, son of --- (-Erbach 27 Aug 1569, bur Michelstadt). 

8.         RICHARD Pfalgraf zu Simmern (Simmern 25 Jul 1521-Simmern 13/14 Jan 1598, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  Canon at Köln cathedral 1528-1558, at Speyer cathedral 1535-1553, at Strasbourg Cathedral 1538, at Mainz cathedral 1540-1562, at Bamberg cathedral 1540-1545.  Canon at St Gereon at Köln 1545-1555, at St Viktor at Mainz 1551-1553.  Provost of Strasbourg cathedral 1552-1569.  Elected Bishop of Mainz 1555.  Pfarrektor at Bell und Kirchberg in Hunsrück 1559.  Provost of St Viktor 1559. Provost of Mainz cathedral 1559-1562.  Administrator of Waldgassen 1560-1571, resigned.  Elected Bishop of Strasbourg 1569. He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments 1569.  He succeeded his brother 1569 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern und Sponheim.  m firstly (Simmern Stadtkirche 30 Jul 1569) JULIANE zu Wied, daughter of JOHANN [IV] Graf zu Wied & his wife --- ([1545]-30 Apr 1575, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  m secondly (Simmern 26 May 1578) EMILIE Herzogin von Württemberg, daughter of CHRISTOPH Herzog von Württemberg & his wife Anna Maria von Brandenburg (Montbéliard 19 Aug 1550-Simmern 4 Jun 1589, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  m thirdly (1589) ANNA MARGARETA Pfalzgräfin von Veldenz, daughter of GEORG JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Veldenz & his wife Anna Pss of Sweden (17 Jan 1571-1 Nov 1621).  Richard & his first wife had four children:

a)         JULIANA Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (Ravengiersburg 21 Nov 1571-4 Feb 1572, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).

b)         KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (10 May 1573-12 Oct 1586, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).

c)         son (b and d 1574, bur Simmern Stadtkirche). 

d)         son (b and d 30 Apr 1575, bur Simmern Stadtkirche). 

9.         MARIA Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (29 Apr 1524-Kloster Marienberg bei Boppard 29 May 1576, bur Kloster Marienberg).  Nun at Kloster Marienberg. 

10.      WILHELM Pfalgraf zu Simmern (24 Jul 1526-9 Mar 1527, bur Simmern).

11.      SABINE Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (13 Jun 1528-Antwerp 19 Jun 1578, bur Sotteghem).  m (Speyer 8 May 1544) LAMORAL Graaf van Egmond, son of --- (-beheaded Brussels 5 Jun 1568, bur Sotteghem).  Prince de Gavre 1553. 

12.      HELENE Pfalzgräfin zu Simmern (13 Jun 1532-Hanau 5 Feb 1579, bur Hanau Marienkirche).  m (Heidelberg 23 Nov 1551) PHILIPP Graf von Hanau-Münzenberg, son of --- (-14 Nov 1561, bur Hanau Marienkirche).

 

 

 

C.      PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN

 

 

LUDWIG Pfalzgraf "der Schwarze", son of STEFAN Pfalzgraf in Simmern und Zweibrücken & his wife Anna von Veldenz (1424-19 Jul 1489, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded in 1444 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz. 

m (Luxembourg 20 Mar 1454) JEANNE de Croÿ, daughter of ANTOINE [I] "le Grand" de Croÿ Comte de Porcien & his second wife Marguerite de Lorraine ([1435]-Kreuzberg near Zweibrücken 18 Jun 1504, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  

Ludwig & his wife had twelve children: 

1.         MARGARETA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (10 Jul 1456-7 Sep 1527, bur Idstein)m (1470) PHILIPP Graf von Nassau-Idstein, son of JOHANN Graf von Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein & his wife Maria von Nassau-Dillenburg (1450-16 Jun 1509, bur Idstein).

2.         KASPAR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (11 Jul 1458-Nohfelden in Kerker [Jul/Aug] 1527, bur Wölfersweiler).  He received the government of part of Zweibrücken 19 Apr 1478 from his father.  He succeeded his father in 1489 as joint Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz, jointly with his brother Alexander.  He was deposed in 1490 by his brother.  m (Zweibrücken 19 Apr 1478) AMALIE von Brandenburg, daughter of ALBRECHT ACHILLES Elector of Brandenburg & his second wife Anna von Sachsen (Plassenburg 1 Oct 1461-Baden-Baden 3 Sep 1481, bur Baden-Baden Stiftskirche).

3.         JOHANNA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (1459-Marienberg 11 Sep 1520, bur Marienberg).  Nun at Marienberg bei Boppard 1469.

4.         ANNA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (1461-Marienberg 21 Apr 1520, bur Marienberg).  Nun at Marienberg bei Boppard 1469.

5.         ALEXANDER Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (26 Nov 1462-Zweibrücken 31 Oct 1514, bur Zweibrücken St Nikolaus, later removed to Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1489 as joint Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz, jointly with his brother Kaspar. 

-        see below

6.         DAVID Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (1463-10 Apr 1478).  

7.         ALBRECHT Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (1464-before 29 Jan 1505).  Canon at Köln cathedral 1488, at Strasbourg cathedral.

8.         KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (1465-1542).  Nun, later abbess of St Agnes at Trier.

9.         PHILIPP Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (21 Apr 1467-26 Aug 1489, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  Provost at Strasbourg cathedral.

10.      JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (1469-1513).  Canon at Strasbourg cathedral, provost at Köln cathedral.

11.      ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (1469-23 Jun 1500)m (Saarbrücken 29 Jan 1492) as his first wife, JOHANN LUDWIG Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken, son of JOHANN II Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken & his second wife Elisabeth von Württemberg (posthumously Saarbrücken 20 Oct 1472-Saarbrücken 4 Jun 1545).

12.      SAMSON Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (1474-after fall from tower at Schloß Zweibrücken 11 May 1480, bur Zweibrücken St Nikolaus, later removed to Alexanderkirche).

 

 

ALEXANDER Pfalzgraf zu Zweibrücken, son of LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz & his wife Jeanne de Croÿ (26 Nov 1462-Zweibrücken 31 Oct 1514, bur Zweibrücken St Nikolaus, later removed to Alexanderkirche).  His father granted him the county of Veldenz 12 Mar 1482 and the second part of Zweibrücken shortly after.  He succeeded his father in 1489 as joint Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz, jointly with his brother Kaspar.  He ruled as sole Pfalzgraf from 1490 when he deposed his brother.  He acquired the lordship of Kleeburg, and incorporated it into Zweibrücken. 

m (Zweibrücken 21 Jan 1499) MARGARETA Gräfin von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, daughter of KRAFT Graf von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein & his wife --- (30 Jul 1480-Zweibrücken 3 Sep 1522). 

1.         JOHANNA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (4 Dec 1499-Trier 11 Nov 1537, bur Trier St Agnes).  Nun at Trier St Agnes.

2.         LUDWIG "der Jüngere" Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 14 Sep 1502-Zweibrücken 3 Dec 1532, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded in 1514 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz.  m (Kassel 10 Sep 1525) as her first husband, ELISABETH von Hessen, daughter of WILHELM I "der Ältere" Landgraf von Hessen & his wife Anna von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1503-Lauingen 4 Jan 1563, bur Lauingen St Martin).  She married secondly (9 Jan 1541) Georg Pfalzgraf zu Simmern, who succeeded in 1559 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern.  Ludwig & his wife had two children: 

a)         WOLFGANG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 26 Sep 1526-Nassum near Limoges 11 Jun 1569, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1532 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken, Neuburg und Sponheim, minor until 1543.   

-        see below

b)         CHRISTINA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 2 Feb 1528-Zweibrücken 23 Aug 1534, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

3.         GEORG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (1503-before 16 Jun 1537).  Canon at Köln cathedral 1534, at Trier and Strasbourg cathedrals.  

4.         MARGARETA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (1505-Marienberg bei Boppard 9 Dec 1522).  Nun at Marienberg bei Boppard 1520.

5.         RUPRECHT Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 1506-Grevenstein 28 Jul 1544, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  Canon at Strasbourg and Mainz cathedrals, at Köln cathedral 1517.  He succeeded in 1533 as Pfalzgraf zu Veldenz. 

-        PFALZGRAFEN von VELDENZ.   

6.         KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (5 Nov 1510-5 May 1542, bur Kloster Marienfeld)m (before 1 Feb 1541) OTTO IV Graf von Rietberg, son of --- (-[6 Jan 1552/18 Apr 1553]).

 

 

WOLFGANG Pfalzgraf zu Zweibrücken, son of LUDWIG “der Jüngere” Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken und Veldenz & his wife Elisabeth von Hessen (Zweibrücken 26 Sep 1526-Nessun near Limoges 11 Jun 1569, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1532 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken, Neuburg und Sponheim, minor until 1543.  He ceded the baillages of Veldenz and Lauterecken 1543 to his uncle Ruprecht. 

m (Kassel 24 Feb 1545) ANNA von Hessen, daughter of PHILIPP I "der Grossmütige" Landgraf zu Hessen & his first wife Christina Pss zu Sachsen (Kassel 26 Oct 1529-Meisenheim 10 Jul 1591, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

Wolfgang & his wife had thirteen children: 

1.         CHRISTINA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 28 Feb 1546-Odenheim 22 Mar 1619, bur Meisenheim).  

2.         PHILIPP LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 2 Oct 1547-Neuburg an der Donau 22 Aug 1614, bur Lauingen St Martin).  He succeeded in 1570 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg

-        PFALZGRAFEN und HERZOGEN von NEUBURG

3.         JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (Meisenheim 18 May 1550-Germersheim 12 Aug 1604, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1569 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken.   

-        see below

4.         DOROTHEA AGNES Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Amberg 16 Nov 1551-Amberg 24 Feb 1552, bur Amberg St Martin).

5.         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Amberg 21 Mar 1553-Amberg 21 May 1554, bur Amberg St Martin).  

6.         ANNA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Amberg 2 Jun 1554-Meisenheim 13 Nov 1576, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).

7.         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Amberg 14 Jun 1555-Neuburg 24 Nov 1625, bur Lauingen St Martin).

8.         OTTO HEINRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (Amberg 22 Jul 1556-Sulzbach 19/29 Aug 1604, bur Lauingen St Martin).  He succeeded his father in 1569 as Pfalzgraf von Sulzbach, Hilpoltstein und Allersberg, minor until 1574.  m (Stuttgart 25 Nov/5 Dec 1582) DOROTHEA MARIA Herzogin von Württemberg, daughter of CHRISTOPH Herzog von Württemberg-Montbéliard & his wife Anna Maria von Brandenburg (Stuttgart 3 Sep 1559-Hilpoltstein 13/23 Mar 1639, bur Lauingen St Martin).  Otto Heinrich & his wife had thirteen children: 

a)         LUDWIG Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (chr Sulzbach 16 Jan 1584-Sulzbach 12 Mar 1584, bur Lauingen St Martin).

b)         ANNA ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 19 Jan 1585-Sulzbach 18 Apr 1585, bur Lauingen St Martin).

c)         GEORG FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 15 Mar 1587-Sulzbach 25 Apr 1587, bur Lauingen St Martin).

d)         DOROTHEA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 10 Mar 1588-Hilpoltstein 24 Sep 1607, bur Lauingen St Martin).

e)         SABINE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 25 Feb 1589-Kassel 1 Sep 1645/1661)m (Schloß Rottau 7 Mar 1625) JOHANN GEORG Freiherr von Wartenberg, son of --- (-in exile before 16 Nov 1632).

f)          OTTO GEORG Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 9 Apr 1590-Sulzbach [28/29] May 1590, bur Lauingen Stadtkirche).

g)         SUSANNA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 6 Jun 1591-Nürtingen 21 Feb 1667, bur Lützelstein)m (Neuburgan der Donau 6 Jun 1613) GEORG JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Veldenz zu Guttenberg und Lützelstein, son of GEORG JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Veldenz & his wife Anna Pss of Sweden (Lützelstein 24 Jun 1586-29 Sep 1654, bur Lützelstein Pfarrkirche).

h)         MARIE ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 7 Apr 1593-Sulzbach 23 Feb 1594, bur Lauingen St Martin).

i)          ANNA SIBYLLE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 10 May 1594-Sulzbach 1 Dec 1594, bur Lauingen St Martin).

j)          MAGDALENA SABINE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 6 Dec 1595-Sulzbach 18 Feb 1596, bur Lauingen St Martin).  Twin with Anna Sophie.

k)         ANNA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 6 Dec 1595-Sulzbach 21 Apr 1596, bur Lauingen St Martin).  Twin with Magdalena Sabine. 

l)          DOROTHEA URSULA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 2 Sep 1597-Sulzbach 25 Mar 1598, bur Lauingen St Martin).

m)       FRIEDRICH CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach und Hilpoltstein (Sulzbach 19 Jan 1600-Sulzbach 3 Mar 1600, bur Lauingen St Martin).

9.         FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (Meisenheim 11 Aug 1557-Schloß Friedrichsburg bei Vohenstrauß 17 Dec 1597, bur Lauingen St Martin).  He succeeded his father in 1569 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Parkstein, Weiden und der Pflege, minor until 1575.  m (Ansbach 26 Feb 1587) KATHARINA SOPHIE Pss von Liegnitz, daughter of HEINRICH XI Duke of Liegnitz [Piast] & his wife Sophie von Brandenburg-Ansbach (7 Aug 1561-Schloß Friedrichsburg 10 May 1608, bur Lauingen Stadtkirche).  Friedrich & his wife had three children: 

a)         ANNA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Vohenstrauß (Weiden 25 Nov 1588-Amberg 21 Mar 1589, bur Amberg).

b)         GEORG FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Vohenstrauß (Weiden 8 Mar 1590-20 Jul 1590, bur Lauingen St Martin).  Twin with Friedrich Kasimir. 

c)         FRIEDRICH KASIMIR Pfalzgraf zu Vohenstrauß (Weiden 8 Mar 1590-16 Jul 1590, bur Lauingen St Martin).  Twin with Georg Friedrich. 

10.      BARBARA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Neuburg 27 Jul 1559-Oettingen 5 Mar 1618, bur Harburg).  m (Oettingen 7 Nov 1591) GOTTFRIED Graf zu Oettingen, son of --- (-7 Sep 1622, bur Harburg St Anna).

11.      KARL Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken (Neuburg 4 Sep 1560-Birkenfeld 16 Dec 1600, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1569 as Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld, minor until 1578. 

-        PFALZGRAFEN von BIRKENFELD

12.      MARIE ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Neuburg 4 Oct 1561-Dürkheim 28 Feb 1629/1627, bur Dürckheim).  m (Hardenburg 7 Nov 1585) EMICH [XII] Graf zu Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg, son of --- (-Darmstadt 21 Nov 1607, bur Dürkheim)

13.      SUSANNA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Neuburg 13 Nov 1564-Neuburg 23 Jun 1565, bur Lauingen St Martin). 

 

 

JOHANN Pfalzgraf zu Zweibrücken, son of WOLFGANG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Anna von Hessen (Meisenheim 18 May 1550-Germersheim 12 Aug 1604, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1569 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken. 

m (Bergzabern 4 Oct 1579) MAGDALENA Pss von Kleve, daughter of WILHELM "der Reiche" Duke of Jülich-Kleve-Berg & his second wife Maria Archduchess of Austria (Kleve 2 Nov 1553-Meisenheim 30 Jul 1633, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

Johann & his wife had twelve children: 

1.         LUDWIG WILHELM Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 28 Nov 1580-Zweibrücken 26 Mar 1581, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  

2.         MARIA ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 7 Nov 1581-Lauterecken 18 Aug 1637, bur 1694 Remigiusberg)m (Zweibrücken 17 May 1601) as his second wife, GEORG GUSTAV Pfalzgraf von Veldenz, son of GEORG JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Veldenz & his wife Anna Pss of Sweden (Remigiusburg 6 Feb 1564-3 Jun 1634, bur Remigiusburg).

3.         ANNA MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 11 Jan 1583-7 Feb 1583, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).

4.         JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Bergzabern 26 Mar 1584-Metz 9 Aug 1635, bur 1646 Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1604 as Pfalzgraf zu Zweibrücken

-        see below

5.         FRIEDRICH KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 10 Jun 1585-Montfort, Côte d’Or 30 Sep 1645, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche)Canon at Strasbourg cathedral 1591, doyen of the Strasbourg chapter until 1627.  He received Schloß Moschel-Landsberg, in the commune of Obermoschel, from his older brother Johann 12 Apr 1611, and became Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg. 

-        PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN zu LANDSBERG

6.         ELISABETH DOROTHEA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (16 Jul 1586-23 Nov 1593, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).

7.         son (b and d 24 Feb 1588, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  

8.         JOHANN KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 12 Apr 1589-Stegeborg Castle, Östergötland, Sweden 8 Jun 1652, bur Strengnäs Cathedral).  He received Neukastell (Palatinate) from his older brother Johann II 12 Apr 1611, and became Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Neukastell. 

-        PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN zu KLEEBURG

9.         daughter (b and d Zweibrücken 7 Jun 1590, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

10.      AMALIA JAKOBÄA HENRIETTE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 18 Sep 1592-Düsseldorf 18 May 1655, bur Düsseldorf Mariä Himmelfahrts-Stiftskirche).  She converted to Catholicism.  m (Thalfang 1 Dec 1638) JAIME FRANCISCO Barón de Pestacalda de Incardino, son of --- (-[1645]).  Governor of the town of Trier, representing the king of Spain.  Count 1639. 

11.      son (b and d Zweibrücken 28 Sep 1593, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

12.      ANNA KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Schloß Kirkel, near Zweibrücken 28 Jul 1597-Schloß Kirkel 2 Dec 1597, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).

 

 

JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Magdalene Pss von Kleve (Bergzabern 26 Mar 1584-Metz 9 Aug 1635, bur 1646 Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1604 as Pfalzgraf zu Zweibrücken.  Acquired the lordship of Bischweiler (in Alsace) 1606.  He bought Birlenbach from Eberhard Graf von Rappoltstein 13 Jul 1612. 

m firstly (Château du Parc, Mouchamps en Vendée 26 Aug 1604) CATHERINE de Rohan, daughter of RENE [II] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Catherine de Parthenay Dame de Soubise (Blain, Loire-Atlantique 20 Jun 1578-Zweibrücken 10 May 1607, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

m secondly (Heidelberg 13 May 1612) LUISE JULIANE Pfalzgräfin, daughter of FRIEDRICH IV Elector Palatine & his wife Luise Juliane Pss van Oranje, Gräfin von Nassau (Heidelberg 16 Jul 1594-Meisenheim 28 Apr 1640, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

Johann & his first wife had one child:

1.         MAGDALENA KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 26 Apr 1607-Strasbourg 10 Jan 1648, bur Bischweiler)She brought Bischweiler as dowry to her husband.  m (Zweibrücken 14 Nov 1630) as his first wife, CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld, son of KARL Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld & his wife Dorothea Herzogin von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Birkenfeld 3 Sep 1598-Neuenstein 6 Sep 1654, bur Bischweiler Kirche).  

Johann & his second wife had seven children: 

2.         ELISABETH LOUISE JULIANA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Heidelberg 16 Jul 1613-Herford 29 Mar 1667, bur Herford).  Abbess of Herford 18 Jul 1649.  

3.         KATHARINA CHARLOTTE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 11 Jan 1615-Düsseldorf 21 Mar 1651, bur Düsseldorf Mariä Himmelfahrts-Stiftskirche)m (Zweibrücken 11 Nov 1631) as his second wife, WOLFGANG WILHELM Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg, son of PHILIPP LUDWIG Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg & his wife Anna Pss von Kleve (Neuburg 25 Oct 1578-Düsseldorf 20 Mar 1653, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas). 

4.         FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 5 Apr 1616-Schloß Nohfelden 9 Jul 1661, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1635 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken.  He ceded his rights in Bischweiler 3 Feb 1640 to Christian Pfalzgraf zu Birkenfeld for 20 years.  Herzog von Zweibrückenm (Metz 6 Apr 1640) ANNA JULIANE Gräfin von Nassau-Saarbrücken, daughter of WILHELM LUDWIG Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken und Ottweiler & his wife Anna Amalia Markgräfin von Baden-Durlach (Saarbrücken 8/18 Apr 1617-Meisenheim 29 Dec 1667/8 Jan 1668, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  Friedrich & his wife had ten children: 

a)         WILHELM LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Meisenheim 23 Mar 1641-Meisenheim 9 May 1642, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

b)         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Meisenheim/Zweibrücken 22 Mar/1 Apr 1642-Bernburg/Düsseldorf 18 Apr 1677, bur Bernburg Schloßkirche).  m (Meisenheim 16 Oct 1667) VIKTOR AMADEUS Fürst von Anhalt-Bernburg, son of CHRISTIAN II Fürst von Anhalt-Bernburg & his wife Eleonore Sophie Herzogin von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (Harzgerode 6 Oct 1634-Bernburg 14 Feb 1718, bur Bernburg Schloßkirche).  

c)         CHRISTINE LOUISE JULIANA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Meisenheim 18 Apr 1643-Herford 21 Jul 1652, bur Herford). 

d)         FRIEDRICH LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Meisenheim 23 Nov 1644-Zweibrücken 12 Jun 1645, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

e)         SOPHIE AMALIA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 15 Dec 1646-Gelnhausen 30 Nov 1695, bur Gelnhausen)m firstly (Meisenheim 27 Jul/Nov 1678) SIEGFRIED Graf von Hohenlohe-Weikersheim, son of --- (-26 Apr 1684, bur Weikersheim Stadtkirche).  m secondly (Weikersheim 30 May 1685) as his first wife, JOHANN KARL Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen, son of CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld-Bischweiler & his first wife Magdalena Katharina Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Bischweiler 17 Oct 1638-Gelnhausen 21 Feb 1704, bur Gelnhausen St Marien). 

f)          ELEONORE AUGUSTA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 15 Mar 1648-Bergzabern 16 Nov 1658, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

g)         KARL GUSTAV Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 23 May 1649-Zweibrücken 10 Jul 1650, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

h)         KATHARINA CHARLOTTE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 22 Feb 1651-Zweibrücken 10 Jul 1652, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

i)          CHARLOTTE FRIEDERIKE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 2 Dec 1653-Dörrmoschel 27 Oct 1712, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche)m (Meisenheim 14 Nov 1672) her first cousin, WILHELM LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg, son of FRIEDRICH LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsburg, Herzog von Zweibrücken & his first wife Juliana Magdalena Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken (Landsberg 23 Feb 1648-Meisenheim 31 Aug 1675, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

j)          son (b and d Zweibrücken 18 Apr 1656, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  

5.         ANNA SIBYLLE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 20 Jul 1617-Düsseldorf 9 Sep 1641, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

6.         JOHANN LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 22 Jul 1619-Zweibrücken 15 Oct 1647, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

7.         JULIANA MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Heidelberg 23 Apr 1621-Meisenheim 25 Mar 1672, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche)m (Düsseldorf 17 Nov 1645) her first cousin, FRIEDRICH LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg, son of FRIEDRICH KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg & his wife Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana Pss van Oranje, Gräfin von Nassau (Heidelberg 27 Oct 1619-Landsberg 11 Apr 1681, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  Herzog von Zweibrücken 1661. 

8.         MARIA AMALIA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken (Zweibrücken 19 Oct 1622-Düsseldorf 11 Jun 1641, bur Düsseldorf Mariä Himmelfahrts-Stiftskirche). 

 

 

 

D.      PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN zu LANDSBERG, HERZOG von ZWEIBRÜCKEN 1661-1681

 

 

FRIEDRICH KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Magdalene Pss von Kleve (Zweibrücken 10 Jun 1585-Montfort, Côte d’Or 30 Sep 1645, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche)Canon at Strasbourg cathedral 1591, doyen of the Strasbourg chapter until 1627.  He received Schloß Moschel-Landsberg, in the commune of Obermoschel, from his older brother Johann 12 Apr 1611, and became Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg.  His wife’s dowry was the château de Montfort, near Montbard, Côte d’Or.  He was expelled from Landsberg during the Thirty Years War and sought refuge at Montfort. 

m (Zweibrücken 4 Jul 1616) EMILIA SECUNDA ANTWERPIANA Pss van Oranje Gräfin von Nassau, daughter of WILLEM I "Taciturnus/the Silent" Prins van Oranje Graf von Nassau, Stadhouder of the Netherlands & his third wife Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpensier (Antwerp 9 Dec 1581-Landsberg 28 Sep 1657, bur Meisenheim). 

Friedrich Kasimir & his wife had three children: 

1.         FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Landsberg [14] Aug 1617-Landsberg 15 Aug 1617, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

2.         FRIEDRICH LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Heidelberg 27 Oct 1619-Landsberg 11 Apr 1681, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1645 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg.  He held French nationality from 1650 because of his possessions at Montfort in the duchy of Burgundy.  He succeeded his cousin in 1661 as Herzog von Zweibrückenm firstly (Düsseldorf 17 Nov 1645) JULIANA MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin zu Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken, daughter of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken & his second wife Luise Juliane Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Heidelberg 23 Apr 1621-Meisenheim 25 Mar 1672, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  m secondly ([21 Aug] 1672) ANNA MARIA ELISABETH Hepp, daughter of [JOHANN PETER Hepp [bellringer] & his wife Charitas Anthes] ([1635/37]-Meisenheim 8 Mar 1722, bur Meisenheim).  She was lady in waiting of his first wife.  Friedrich Ludwig & his first wife had eleven children: 

a)         KARL FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Zweibrücken 12/13 Sep 1646-Zweibrücken 22 Oct 1646, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

b)         WILHELM LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Landsberg 23 Feb 1648-Meisenheim 31 Aug 1675, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche)m (Meisenheim 14 Nov 1672) his first cousin, CHARLOTTE FRIEDERIKE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken, daughter of FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Anna Juliana Gräfin von Nassau-Saarbrücken (Zweibrücken 2 Dec 1653-Dörrmoschel 27 Oct 1712, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  Wilhelm Ludwig & his wife had four children: 

i)          KARL LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Meisenheim 18 Aug 1673-Meisenheim 10 Nov 1674, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

ii)         WILHELM CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Meisenheim 5 Jul 1674-Meisenheim 28 Nov 1674, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

iii)        WILHELMINE SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Meisenheim 27 Jul 1675-Meisenheim 5 Nov 1675, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

iv)       daughter (28 Dec 1648-1 Jan 1649, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

c)         son (9 Feb 1650-12 Feb 1650, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

d)         GUSTAV JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Landsberg 11 Jan 1651-25 Feb 1652, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  

e)         CHARLOTTE AMALIE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Landsberg 24 May 1653-Thiergarten 8/9 Aug 1707, bur Offenbach).  Co-dame de Montfort-en-Auxois 1681.  m (Landsberg 19 Jul 1678) JOHANN PHILIPP Graf zu Ysenburg und Büdingen in Offenbach, son of --- (-Offenbach 21 Sep 1718, bur Offenbach).  

f)          LUISE MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Landsberg 17 Jun 1654-Meisenheim 11 Jan 1672, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

g)         MARIE SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Landsberg 13 Aug 1655-Landsberg [8] Oct 1659, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

h)         ELISABETH CHRISTINE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Landsberg 17 Oct 1656-Reichertswalde, East Prussia 25 Feb or 29 Aug 1707).  m firstly (Bockenheim 24 Feb 1678) EMICH [XIV] Graf von Leiningen-Dagsburg zu Emichsburg, son of --- (6 Feb 1649-13 Dec 1684, bur Dürkheim).  m secondly (Dreieichenhain 22 Dec 1692) CHRISTOPH FRIEDRICH Burggraf und Graf zu Dohna-Lauck zu Lauck und Samrodt, son of --- (-10 Nov 1734). 

i)          KARL KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Landsberg 6 Aug 1658-Heidelberg an Kindsblattern 14 Sep 1673, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

j)          JULIANA ELEONORE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (27 Jun 1661-12/13 Feb 1662, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

k)         JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Meisenheim 1 Feb 1663-Meisenheim 25 Jan 1665, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche). 

Friedrich Ludwig & his second wife had five children: 

l)          WILHELM FRIEDRICH (12 Oct 1673-Meisenheim 12 Oct 1732).  Court Master of Fürstin Güldensteen, geb Pfgfin[314]

m)       KARL AEMILIUS (26 Sep 1674-Meisenheim 21 Apr 1758).  Court Master of Herzogin von Zweibrücken and Rheingräfin von Dhaun[315]m firstly (Schloß Dhaun 20 Jul 1712) SOPHIE JULIANE von Kellenbach, daughter of PHILIPP HEINRICH von Kellenbach & his wife Anna Barbara von Friesel (Saint-Julien 1683-Schloß Dhaun 31 Aug 1715).  m secondly (Asswiller 30 Nov 1720) ELISABETH DOROTHEA von Steinkallenfels, daughter of FRIEDRICH BERNHARD von Steinkallenfels & his wife Felizitas Vogt von Hunolstein (5 Dec 1700-Meisenheim 2 Apr 1777). 

-        FREIHERREN von FÜRSTENWÄRTHER.  

n)         LUDWIG PHILIPP (10 May 1676-Meisenheim 25 Feb 1724). 

o)         son (b and d 5 Aug 1677). 

p)         MARIA ELISABETHA (2 Jan 1679-1681). 

3.         KARL HEINRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Landsberg (Strasbourg 25 Jul 1622-Strasbourg 11 Jun 1623, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

 

 

 

E.      PFALZGRAFEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN zu KLEEBURG, HERZOGEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN 1718-1731

 

 

JOHANN KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Magdalena Pss von Kleve (Zweibrücken 12 Apr 1589-Stegeborg Castle, Östergötland, Sweden 8 Jun 1652, bur Strengnäs Cathedral).  He received Neukastell (Palatinate) from his older brother Johann 12 Apr 1611, and became Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Neukastell.  He returned to the Palatinate in 1617 after living in Sweden following his marriage, and settled temporarily at the château de Cleebourg (Alsace) while constructing Schloß Catherinenburg at Birlenbach.  He suspended his plans and fled to Sweden in [1620] because of the Thirty Years War.  He received the bailliages of Bergzabern and Cleebourg in May 1622.  After the Peace of Westphalia 1648, he planned to return from Sweden and construct another castle near Cleebourg.  He and his descendants are referred to as “Pfalzgrafen von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg”, from the château de Cleebourg where he lived temporarily.  Schloß Neukastell was practically destroyed during the Thirty Years War. 

m (Stockholm 21 Jun 1615) KATHARINA Pss of Sweden, daughter of CARL IX King of Sweden & his first wife Anna Maria Pfalzgräfin (Nyköping 19 Nov 1584-Västerås 23 Dec 1638, bur Strengnäs Cathedral).  On the abdication of Queen Christina of Sweden in 1654, her descendants became the next heirs to the Swedish crown. 

Johann Kasimir & his wife had eight children: 

1.         CHRISTINE MAGDALENE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Castle Nyköping, Sweden 17/27 May 1616-Schloß Karlsburg 14 Aug 1662, bur Pforzheim Schloßkirche)m (Stockholm 30 Nov/9 Dec 1642) as his first wife, FRIEDRICH Markgraf von Baden-Durlach, son of FRIEDRICH V Markgraf von Baden-Durlach & his first wife Barbara Herzogin von Württemberg (Karlsburg 6/16 Nov 1617-Karlsburg 31 Jan/9 Feb 1677, bur Pforzheim Schloßkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1659 as FRIEDRICH VI Markgraf von Baden-Durlach

2.         KARL FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Meisenheim 13 Jul 1618-Kleeburg 11 May 1619, bur Birlenbach).

3.         ELISABETH AMALIA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Kleeburg 11 Sep 1619-Stegeborg Castle 2 Jul 1628, bur Linköping Cathedral). 

4.         KARL GUSTAV Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Nyköping 18 Nov 1622-Göteborg 23 Feb 1660, bur Stockholm Riddarholmskerkan).  He succeeded his father in 1652 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg.  His cousin Queen Christina of Sweden recognised Karl Gustav formally as her successor 18 Oct 1650.  He succeeded on her abdication at Stockholm 16 Jun 1654 as CARL X GUSTAV King of Sweden

-        KINGS of SWEDEN

5.         MARIE EUPHROSINE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Stegeborg 9 or 19 Feb 1625-Höjentorp, Västergötland 24 Oct 1687, bur Weckholm, Upland).  m (Stockholm 7 Mar 1647) MAGNUS GABRIEL De la Gardie, son of JACOB De la Gardie greve av Läckö & his wife Ebba Brahe (Tallinn [Reval] 15 Oct 1622-Venngarn castle near Sigtuna, Uppland 26 Apr 1686, bur Varnhem church, Uppland).  greve av Arensburg (Kuressaare) 1648.  He succeeded his father in 1652 as greve av Läckö.  Chancellor of Sweden 1660.  

6.         ELEONORE KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Stegeborg 17 May 1626-Osterholz near Bremen 3 Mar 1692, bur Eschwege Pfarrkirche)m (Stockholm 6 Sep 1646) FRIEDRICH Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel, son of MORITZ “der Gelehrte” Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel & his second wife Juliane Gräfin von Nassau-Dillenburg (Kassel 9 May 1617-killed in battle Kosten, Posen 24 Sep 1655, bur Eschwege Pfarrkirche).  He succeeded in 1648 as Landgraf von Hessen-Eschwege und Wanfried.

7.         ADOLF JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Stegeborg 11 Oct 1629-Stegeborg 14 Oct 1689).  He succeeded in 1654, when his brother succeeded as king of Sweden, as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg.  m firstly (Stockholm 19 Jun 1649) ELSA BEATA Brahe, daughter of PER Brahe greve av Visingsborg & his wife Kristina Katarina Stenbock (Rydboholm 31 Aug 1629-Vadstena, Östergötland 5 Apr 1653).  m secondly (Tidö Kirchspiel Rittern, Värmland 19 Feb 1661) as her second husband, the first cousin of his first wife, ELSA ELISABET Brahe, widow of ERIK Oxenstierna greve av Södermöre [Swedish Chancellor], daughter of NILS Brahe “den Äldre” [Infantry General in the Swedish Army] & his wife Anna Margareta Bielke (Stettin 29 Jan 1632-Stegeborg 24 Feb 1689, bur Stegeborg).  Adolf Johann & his first wife had one child: 

a)         GUSTAV ADOLF Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Göteborg 9 Mar 1652-Vadstena 1 Aug 1652, bur Stockholm). 

Adolf Johann & his second wife had nine children:  

b)         KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Stegeborg 10 Dec 1661-Gripsholm May 1720, bur Stegeborg).  m (Osnabrück 19 Nov 1696) CHRISTOPHER greve Gyllenstierna av Ericsberg, son of --- (-Stockholm 14 Jun 1705, bur Tyresjö).  

c)         MARIE ELISABETH LOUISE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Stegeborg 16 Apr 1663-Mainz 23 Jan 1748, bur Mainz St Stephan).  Nun at Mainz.  m (1703, divorced 1704) CHRISTIAN GOTTLOB von Gersdorff zu Oppach, son of --- (-Dresden Feb 1742). 

d)         KARL JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Stockholm 8 Sep 1664-Stegeborg 10 Dec 1664, bur Stegeborg). 

e)         JOHANN KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Lübeck 4 Sep 1665-Lübeck 29 May 1666).  

f)          ADOLF JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Bergzabern 21 Aug 1666-Schloß Lais, Livonia 27 Apr 1701, bur Stockholm Riddarholmskerkan).  He succeeded his father in 1689 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg.  

g)         GUSTAV KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Strasburg 29 Jun 1667-Stegeborg 21 Aug 1669, bur Stegeborg). 

h)         CHRISTIANE MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Hamburg 4 Apr 1669-Stegeborg 21 Jun 1670, bur Stegeborg). 

i)          GUSTAV SAMUEL LEOPOLD Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg (Stegeborg 12 Apr 1670-Zweibrücken 17 Sep 1731, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his brother 1701 as Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg.  Herzog von Zweibrücken 1718.  m firstly (Zweibrücken 10 Jul 1707, annulled religiously by the Bishop of Metz Paris 2 Apr 1723, separation effected 23 Apr 1723) DOROTHEA Pfalzgräfin von Veldenz, daughter of LEOPOLD LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Veldenz & his wife Agatha Christina Gräfin von Hanau-Lichtenberg (Lützelstein 16 Jan 1658-Strasbourg 17 Aug 1723, bur Lützelstein).  m secondly (morganatically Zweibrücken 13 May 1723) LUISE DOROTHEA von Hoffmann, daughter of JOHANN HEINRICH von Hoffmann & his wife Anne Chocq (Saarbrücken 30 Mar 1700-Frankfurt-am-Main 14 Apr 1745, bur Frankfurt-am-Main Church of the Carmelites).  She was created Gräfin von Hoffmann by Imperial order at Vienna 31 Aug 1724. 

j)          son (b and d Stegeborg 12 Dec 1671, bur Stegeborg).  

8.         JOHANN GUSTAV Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Kleeburg .

 

 

 

F.      PFALZGRAFEN und HERZOGEN von NEUBURG

 

 

PHILIPP LUDWIG Pfalzgraf, son of WOLFGANG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Anna von Hessen (Zweibrücken 2 Oct 1547-Neuburg an der Donau 22 Aug 1614, bur Lauingen St Martin).  He succeeded in 1570 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg

m (Neuburg an der Donau 27 Sep 1574) ANNA Pss von Kleve, daughter of WILHELM "der Reiche" Duke of Jülich-Kleve-Berg & his second wife Maria Archduchess of Austria (Kleve 1 Mar 1552-Höchstädt an der Donau 6 Oct 1632, bur Lauingen St Martin). 

Philipp Ludwig & his wife had eight children: 

1.         ANNA MARIA Pfalzgräfin zu Neuburg (Neuburg an der Donau 18 Aug 1575-Dornburg an der Saale 11 May 1643, bur Altenburg Brüderkirche)m (Neuburg an der Donau 9 Sep 1591) as his second wife, FRIEDRICH WILHELM I Herzog von Sachsen-Altenburg, son of JOHANN WILHELM Herzog von Sachsen-Weimar & his wife Dorothea Susanna Pfalzgräfin (Weimar 25 Apr 1562-Weimar 7 Jul 1602, bur Weimar St Peter und St Paul/Stadtkirche).

2.         DOROTHEA SABINA Pfalzgräfin zu Neuburg (Neuburg an der Donau 13 Oct 1576-Neuburg an der Donau 12 Dec 1598, bur Lauingen St Martin).

3.         WOLFGANG WILHELM Pfalzgraf zu Neuburg (Neuburg an der Donau 25 Oct 1578-Düsseldorf 20 Mar 1653, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas).  He converted secretly to Catholicism at Munich 19 Jul 1613, officially at Düsseldorf 1614.  He succeeded his father in 1614 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg.  Under the Compromise of Xanten 22 Nov 1614, he was appointed co-ruler of the duchies of Jülich and Berg with the Elector of Brandenburg.  In Hilpoltstein 1644.  m firstly (Munich 11 Nov 1613) MAGDALENA Herzogin von Bayern, daughter of WILHELM V Duke of Bavaria & his wife Renée de Lorraine (Munich 4 Jul 1587-Neuburg an der Donau 25 Sep 1628, bur Neuburg Jesuit Church).  m secondly (Zweibrücken 1 Nov 1631) KATHARINA CHARLOTTE Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken, daughter of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his second wife Luise Juliane Pfalzgräfin (Zweibrücken 1 Nov 1615-Düsseldorf 21 Mar 1651, bur Düsseldorf Mariä Himmelfahrts-Stiftskirche).  m thirdly (Düsseldorf 9 May 1651) as her first husband, MARIA FRANZISKA Gräfin von Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg, daughter of EGON Graf von Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg & his wife Anna Maria Gräfin von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (Konstanz 18 May 1633-Lobositz 7 Mar 1702, bur Neuburg Jesuit Church).  She married secondly (Baden-Baden 23 Feb 1666) as his second wife, Leopold Wilhelm Markgraf von Baden-BadenWolfgang Wilhelm & his first wife had one child: 

a)         PHILIPP WILHELM Pfalzgraf zu Neuburg (Neuburg an der Donau 24 Nov 1615-Vienna 2 Sep 1690, bur Neuburg Jesuit Church).  He succeeded his father in 1653 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg.  He succeeded his distant cousin Karl II in 1685 as PHILIPP WILHELM Elector Palatine.   

-        ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1685-1742

          Wolfgang Wilhelm & his second wife had two children:

b)         FERDINAND PHILIPP Pfalzgraf zu Neuburg (Düsseldorf 7 May 1633-Düsseldorf 20 Sep 1633, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas). 

c)         ELEONORE FRANZISKA Pfalzgräfin zu Neuburg (Düsseldorf 9 Apr 1634-Hambach 22 Nov 1634, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas).

4.         OTTO HEINRICH Pfalzgraf zu Neuburg (Neuburg 29 Oct 1580-Neuburg 2 Mar 1581, bur Lauingen St Martin).

5.         AUGUST Pfalzgraf zu Neuburg (Neuburg 2 Oct 1582-Weinheim 14 Aug 1632, bur Lauingen St Martin).  He succeeded his father in 1615 as Pfalzgraf von Sulzbach

-        PFALZGRAFEN von SULZBACH

6.         AMALIA HEDWIG Pfalzgräfin zu Neuburg (Neuburg 24 Dec 1584-Neuburg 15 Aug 1607, bur Lauingen St Martin).

7.         JOHANN FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Neuburg (Neuburg 23 Aug 1587-Hilpoltstein 19 Oct 1644, bur Lauingen St Martin).  He succeeded his father in 1615 as Pfalzgraf zu Hilpoltstein, Heideck und Allersberg.  m (Darmstadt 17 Nov 1624) SOPHIE AGNES Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt, daughter of LUDWIG V Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt & his wife Magdalene Markgräfin von Brandenburg (Darmstadt 12 Jan 1604-Hilpoltstein 8/18 Sep 1664, bur 1665 Lauingen St Martin).  Johann Friedrich & his wife had eight children:

a)         ANNA LUISE Pfalzgräfin zu Hilpoltstein (Hilpoltstein 11 Oct 1626-Hilpoltstein 23 Feb 1627, bur Lauingen).

b)         MARIA MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin zu Hilpoltstein (Hilpoltstein 27 Feb 1628-17 Jun 1629, bur Lauingen).

c)         PHILIPP LUDWIG Pfalzgraf zu Hilpoltstein (Hilpoltstein 26 Feb 1629-Hilpoltstein 8 Sep 1632, bur Lauingen).

d)         JOHANN FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Hilpoltstein (Hilpoltstein 25 Mar 1630-Hilpoltstein 22 May 1630, bur Lauingen).

e)         daughter (b and d Hilpoltstein 22 Apr 1631, bur Lauingen).

f)          MARIA ELEONORE Pfalzgräfin zu Hilpoltstein (Hilpoltstein 28 Mar 1632-Hilpoltstein 23 Nov 1632, bur Lauingen).

g)         JOHANNA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Hilpoltstein (Hilpoltstein 2 Sep 1635-Hilpoltstein 19 Aug 1636, bur Lauingen).

h)         ANNA MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin zu Hilpoltstein (Hilpoltstein 5 Mar 1638-Hilpoltstein 29 Jul 1638, bur Lauingen).

8.         SOPHIE BARBARA Pfalzgräfin zu Neuburg (Neuburg 3 Apr 1590-Neuburg 21 Dec 1591, bur Lauingen St Martin).

 

 

 

G.      PFALZGRAFEN von SULZBACH, HERZOGEN von SULZBACH

 

 

AUGUST Pfalzgraf zu Neuburg, son of PHILIPP LUDWIG Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg & his wife Anna Pss von Kleve (Neuburg 2 Oct 1582-Weinheim 14 Aug 1632, bur Lauingen St Martin).  He succeeded his father in 1615 as Pfalzgraf von Sulzbach

m (Husum 5/15 Jul 1620) HEDWIG Herzogin von Holstein-Gottorp, daughter of JOHANN ADOLF Herzog von Holstein-Gottorp & his wife Augusta Pss of Denmark (Gottorf 13/23 Dec 1603-Nürnberg 12/22 Mar 1657, bur Lauingen St Martin). 

August & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ANNA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 7 Jul 1621-Hochhaus 25 May 1675)m (Nürnberg 9 May 1647) JOACHIM ERNST Graf zu Oettingen, son of --- (-8 Aug 1659).

2.         CHRISTIAN AUGUST Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 26 Jul 1622-Sulzbach 23 Apr 1708, bur Sulzbach Pfarrkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1632 as Pfalzgraf von Sulzbach, minor until 1640.  He signed the Neuburger Vergleich with his older brother 15 Jan 1656, which guaranteed Christian August and his descendants full sovereignty over Sulzbach.  He converted to Roman Catholicism 16 Jan 1656.  He was created Herzog von Sulzbach by Imperial order 12 Mar 1660.  m (Stockholm 27 Mar 1649) as her second husband, AMALIE Gräfin von Nassau-Siegen, widow of HERMANN Wrangel av Salmis [Swedish Field-Marshal], daughter of JOHANN VII "der Mittelste" Graf von Nassau-Siegen & his second wife Margarete Herzogin von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (Siegen 2 Sep 1613-Sulzbach 24 Aug 1669, bur Sulzbach Pfarrkirche).  She converted to Catholicism with her husband.  Christian August & his wife had five children: 

a)         MARIA HEDWIG AUGUSTA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 15 Apr 1650-Hamburg 23 Mar 1681, bur Schlackenworth Gruftkapelle).  Canoness at Thorn 1658/59.  Betrothed (Sulzbach 13 Jun 1665) to SIGISMUND FRANZ Archduke of Austria, son of LEOPOLD V Graf von Tirol, Archduke of Austria & his wife Claudia de' Medici Pss of Tuscany (Innsbruck 27/28 Nov 1630-Innsbruck 25 Jun 1665, bur Innsbruck Jesuitenkirche).  m (Sulzbach 9 Apr 1668) JULIUS FRANZ Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg, son of JULIUS HEINRICH Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his third wife Anna Magdalena Freiin von Lobkowicz (Prague 16 Sep 1641-Reichstadt 30 Sep 1689, bur Schlackenworth Gruftkapelle).

b)         AMALIE SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 31 May 1651-Köln 11 Dec 1721, bur Köln).  Nun at Köln 1683.

c)         JOHANN AUGUST HIEL Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 11 Dec 1654-Frankfurt 14 Apr 1658, bur Sulzbach Pfarrkirche).

d)         CHRISTIAN ALEXANDER FERDINAND Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 14 Aug 1656-Sulzbach 9 Nov 1657, bur Sulzbach Pfarrkirche).

e)         THEODOR EUSTACH Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 14 Feb 1659-Dinkelsbühl 11 Jul 1733, bur Sulzbach Pfarrkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1708 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach

-        see below

3.         ADOLF FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 31 Aug 1623-Sulzbach 14 Mar 1624, bur Lauingen St Martin).

4.         AUGUSTE SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 22 Nov 1624-Nürnberg 30 Apr 1682, bur Nürnberg St Lorenz)m (Nürnberg 9 Feb 1653) as his second wife, WENZEL EUSEBIUS Fürst von Lobkowitz Duke of Sagan, son of ZDENĔK VOJTĔCH Popel von Lobkowitz & his wife Polyxena Pernštejn (30 Jan 1609-Roudnice [Raudnitz] 22 Apr 1677, bur Roudnice [Raudnitz]).

5.         JOHANN LUDWIG Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 22 Dec 1625-Nürnberg 30 Oct 1649, bur Lauingen St Martin).  General in the Swedish army.

6.         PHILIPP Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 29 Jan 1630-Nürnberg 4 Apr 1703, bur Lauingen St Martin).  Field Marshal in the Imperial army.

7.         DOROTHEA SUSANNA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 17 Aug 1631-Nürnberg 3 Jul 1632, bur Lauingen St Martin). 

 

 

THEODOR EUSTACH Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach, son of CHRISTIAN AUGUST Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach & his wife Amalie Gräfin von Nassau-Siegen (Sulzbach 14 Feb 1659-Dinkelsbühl 11 Jul 1733, bur Sulzbach Pfarrkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1708 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach

m (Lobositz 9 Jun 1692) MARIE ELEONORA AMALIE Landgraf von Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, daughter of WILHELM "der Ältere" Landgraf von Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg & his wife Marie Anna Gräfin von Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (Rheinfels 15/25 Sep 1675-Sulzbach 27 Jan 1720, bur Sulzbach Mariä Himmelfahrt). 

Theodor Eustach & his wife had nine children: 

1.         AMALIE AUGUSTE MARIA ANNA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 7 Jun 1693-Köln 18 Jan 1762, bur Köln).  Canoness at Thorn 1707, Nun 1714, later Superior of the Order of Carmelites. 

2.         JOSEF KARL EMANUEL AUGUST Erbprinz von Pfalz-Sulzbach (Sulzbach 2 Nov 1694-Oggersheim 18 Jul 1729, bur 1805 Munich St Michael)m (Innsbruck 2 May 1717) ELISABETH AUGUSTA SOPHIE Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg, daughter of KARL III PHILIPP Elector Palatine & his first wife Luise Charlotte Pss Radziwill (Brieg 27 Dec 1693-Mannheim Jan 1728, bur Munich St Michael).  Josef Karl Emanuel August & his wife had six children: 

a)         KARL PHILIPP AUGUST FRANZ Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Neuburg 17 Mar 1718-Mannheim 31 Mar 1724, bur Munich St Michael). 

b)         INNOCENZ MARIA Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (b and d Heidelberg 7 May 1719, bur Heidelberg Church of the Order of Carmelites). 

c)         ELISABETH MARIA ALOYSIA AUGUSTE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Mannheim 17 Jan 1721-Weinheim 17 Apr 1794, bur 1805 Munich St Michael)m (Mannheim 17 Jan 1742) as his first wife, her first cousin, KARL THEODOR Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach, son of JOHANN CHRISTIAN JOSEPH Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach & his first wife Marie Henriette Léopoldine de La Tour d'Auvergne Marquise de Bergen-op-Zoom (Drogenbosch near Uccle, Brussels 10 Dec 1724-Munich 16 Feb 1799, bur Munich St Kajetan).  He succeeded 1 Jan 1743 as KARL IV THEODOR Elector Palatine.  He succeeded in 1777 as Elector of Bavaria

d)         MARIA ANNA JOSEPHA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Schwetzingen 22 Jun 1722-Munich 25 Apr 1790, bur Munich St Kajetan)m firstly (Mannheim 17 Jan 1742) KLEMENS FRANZ de PAULA Herzog von Bayern, son of FERDINAND MARIA INNOCENZ Herzog von Bayern & his wife Maria Anna Karolina Pfalzgräfin von Neuburg (Munich 19 Apr 1722-Munich 6 Aug 1770, bur Munich St Kajetan).  m secondly (Jun 1780) ANDREAS André, son of --- (-Rieden am Obb 10 Jun 1807). 

e)         MARIA FRANZISKA DOROTHEA CHRISTINA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Schwetzingen 15 Jun 1724-Sulzbach 15 Nov 1794, bur Sulzbach Pfarrkirche)m (Mannheim/Munich 6 Feb 1746) FRIEDRICH MICHAEL Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld, son of CHRISTIAN Herzog von Zweibrücken Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld, Bischweiler und Rappoltstein & his wife Karoline Gräfin von Nassau-Saarbrücken (Rappoltsweiler 27 Feb 1724-Schwetzingen 15 Aug 1767, bur 1805 Munich St Michael).  Graf von Rappoltstein 1746.  

f)          KARL PHILIPP AUGUST Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Mannheim 24 Nov 1725-Mannheim 6 May 1727, bur Munich St Michael). 

3.         FRANZISKA CHRISTINA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 16 May 1696-Schloß Borbeck in Essen 16 Jul 1776, bur Steele an der Ruhr).  Canoness at Thorn 1706.  Canoness at Essen and Abbess of Thorn 1717.  Abbess of Essen 1726.  Prioress of the Order of Carmelites at Düsseldorf 1733.  

4.         ERNESTINA ELISABETH JOHANNA Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 15 May 1697-Neuburg an der Donau 14 Apr 1775, bur Neuburg).  Canoness at Thorn 1717.  Nun at the Order of Carmelites at Neuburg 1748.  m (Sulzbach 19 Sep 1719) WILHELM "der Jüngere" Landgraf von Hessen-Rheinfels, son of KARL Landgraf von Hessen-Wanfried & his first wife Sophia Magdalena Altgräfin zu Salm-Reifferscheidt (Langenschwalbach 6 Aug 1671-Rheinfels 1 Apr 1731, bur Bornhofen). 

5.         JOHANN WILHELM PHILIPP ANTON Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 3 Jun 1698-Sulzbach 12 Apr 1699, bur Sulzbach). 

6.         JOHANN CHRISTIAN JOSEPH Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 23 Jan 1700-Sulzbach 20 Jul 1733, bur Sulzbach Mariä Himmelfahrtskirche).  Heer of the Marquisate of Bergen-op-Zoom 1722, by right of his first wife.  He succeeded his father in 1733 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbachm firstly (Bergen op Zoom 15 Feb 1722) MARIE HENRIETTE LEOPOLDINE de La Tour markiezin van Bergen op Zoom, daughter of FRANÇOIS EGON Comte d’Auvergne, dit le Prince d'Auvergne, markies van Bergen op Zoom & his wife Marie Anne de Croÿ de Ligne d’Arenberg (Bergen op Zoom 24 Oct 1708-Hilpoltstein 28 Jul 1728, bur Sulzbach Mariä Himmelfahrtskirche).  m secondly (Mannheim 25 Jan 1731) ELEONORE PHILIPPINA CHRISTINA SOPHIE Landgräfin von Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, daughter of ERNST LEOPOLD Landgraf von Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg & his wife Eleonora Gräfin von Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (Rotenburg 17 Oct 1712-Neuburg an der Donau 23 May 1759, bur Neuburg Hofkirche).  Johann Christian Joseph & his first wife had two children: 

a)         KARL THEODOR Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Drogenbosch/Uccle 1724-Munich 1799, bur Munich).  He succeeded his father in 1733 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach.  He succeeded his distant cousin Karl III Philipp 1 Jan 1743 as KARL IV THEODOR Elector Palatine.  He succeeded his distant cousin Maximilian III Joseph 30 Dec 1777 as Elector of Bavaria

-        ELECTOR PALATINE 1743-1799

b)         MARIE ANNA LOUISE HENRIETTE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Hilpoltstein 30 May 1728-Hilpoltstein 25 Jun 1728, bur Sulzbach).  

7.         ELISABETH ELEONORE AUGUSTE Pfalzgräfin zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 19 Apr 1702-Sulzbach 10 Feb 1704, bur Sulzbach). 

8.         ANNA CHRISTINA LUISE Pfalzgräfin von Sulzbach (Sulzbach 7 Feb 1704-Turin 12 Mar 1723, bur 1786 Turin Basilica La Superga)Canoness at Thorn 1720.  m (by proxy 16 Feb 1722, in person Vercelli 15 Mar 1722) CARLO EMANUELE di Savoia Prince of Sardinia, son of VITTORIO AMEDEO I King of Sardinia [VICTOR AMEDEE II Duke of Savoy] & his first wife Anne Marie d'Orléans (Turin 27 Apr 1701-Turin 20 Feb 1773, bur Turin Basilica La Superga).  He succeeded his father in 1730 as CARLO EMANUELE I King of Sardinia.  

9.         JOHANN WILHELM AUGUST Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach (Sulzbach 21 Aug 1706-Sulzbach 28 Aug 1708, bur Sulzbach).

 

 

 

H.      PFALZGRAFEN von BIRKENFELD, HERZOGEN von ZWEIBRÜCKEN 1731-1799

 

 

KARL Pfalzgraf zu Zweibrücken, son of WOLFGANG Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Anna von Hessen (Neuburg 4 Sep 1560-Birkenfeld 16 Dec 1600, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1569 as Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld, minor until 1578.  Under the Treaty of Bergzabern 1584, he acquired Birkenfeld[316].  in half Sponheim 1584. 

m (Celle 23 Feb 1586) DOROTHEA Herzogin von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, daughter of WILHELM "dem Jüngeren" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Dorothea Pss of Denmark (1 Jan 1570-Birkenfeld 15 Aug 1649, bur Meisenheim).  

Karl & his wife had four children:

1.         GEORG WILHELM Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Ansbach 26 Aug 1591-Birkenfeld 25 Dec 1669, bur 1776 Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1600 as Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld, minor until 1609.  m firstly (Neuenstein 30 Nov 1616) DOROTHEA Gräfin zu Solms-Sonnenwalde, daughter of OTTO Graf zu Solms-Sonnenwalde & his wife Anna Amalie Gräfin von Nassau-Saarbrücken-Weilburg (1586-Birkenfeld in childbirth 5 Sep 1625).  m secondly (Schloß Birkenfeld 31 Oct 1641, divorced Birkenfeld 18 Nov 1642) JULIANE Wild- und Rheingräfin von Dhaun, daughter of JOHANN Wild- und Rheingraf von Dhaun zu Grumbach & his wife Juliane Gräfin von Mansfeld (-[Schloß Rheingrafenstein, Grumbach] after 3 Jul 1647).  After her marriage was announced, but before the ceremony, her cousin Johann Ludwig Wild- und Rheingraf von Dhaun (who planned to marry her himself) raped her in Schloß Grumbach and she became pregnant.  Juliane gave birth to a daughter Anna Juliane 14 Feb 1642 at Grumbach, christened at Thalbirkenfeld, whose later fate is unknown.  After her divorce, she left for Schloß Rheingrafenstein near Kreuznach, her later fate being unknown.  m thirdly (Schloß Hartenburg 8 Mar 1649) as her third husband, ANNA ELISABETH Gräfin von Oettingen, widow firstly of GOTTFRIED HEINRICH Graf von Pappenheim and secondly of JOHANN PHILIPP II Graf zu Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg, daughter of LUDWIG EBERHARD Graf von Oettingen-Oettingen & his wife Margarete Gräfin von Erbach (Oettingen 3 Nov 1603-Birkenfeld 3 Jun 1673).  Georg Wilhelm & his first wife had six children:

a)         DOROTHEA AMALIA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 30 Mar 1618-Strasbourg 6 Aug 1635, bur Strasbourg Alt-St Peter).

b)         ANNA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin zu Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 12 Apr 1619-Quedlinburg 1 Sep 1680, bur Quedlinburg Schloßkirche).  Cadjutrice at Quedlinburg 19 Dec 1643, Abbess of Quedlinburg 15 Jul 1645.

c)         ELISABETH JULIANA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Saarbrücken 28 Oct 1620-Birkenfeld 25 Oct 1651, bur 1776 Meisenheim Stadtkirche).

d)         MARIA MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 8 Aug 1622-Auleben 28 Oct 1689, bur Sondershausen)m (Heringen 29 Oct 1644) ANTON GÜNTHER Graf von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, son of --- (-19 Aug 1666, bur Sondershausen).

e)         KLARA SIBYLLA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 14 Jan 1624-Birkenfeld 1 Feb 1628, bur 1776 Meisenheim Stadtkirche).

f)          KARL OTTO Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 5 Sep 1625-Birkenfeld 30 Mar 1671, bur 1776 Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1669 as Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeldm (Neuenstein 26 Sep 1658) his first cousin, MARGARETA HEDWIG Gräfin von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, daughter of KRAFT Graf von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein zu Neuenstein & his wife Sophie Pfalzgräfin zu Birkenfeld (Neuenstein 1 Jan 1625-Birkenfeld 24 Dec 1676, bur 1776 Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  Karl Otto & his wife had three children: 

i)          KARL WILHELM Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 22 Aug 1659-Birkenfeld 18 Apr 1660, bur Birkenfeld Schloßkirche).

ii)         CHARLOTTE SOPHIE ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 14 Apr 1662-Allenbach bei Bernkastel 14 Aug 1708, bur Birkenfeld Schloßkirche).

iii)        HEDWIG ELEONORE DOROTHEA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 17 Aug 1663-Birkenfeld 12 Feb 1721, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).

2.         SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Ansbach 29 Mar 1593-Neuenstein 16 Nov 1676, bur Neuenstein Stadtkirche).  m (Neuenstein 17 May 1615) KRAFT Graf von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, son of --- (-Regensburg 11 Jul 1641, bur Neuenstein Stadtkirche).

3.         FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 29 Oct 1594-Dewitz, Mecklenburg 20 Jul 1626, bur Wolfenbüttel Unsere Liebe Frau).  Canon at Strasbourg.  

4.         CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Birkenfeld 3 Sep 1598-Neuenstein 6 Sep 1654, bur Bischweiler Kirche).  He received Bischweiler as dowry on his first marriage 1630, transferred his residence there, and became Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler. 

-        see below

 

 

CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld, (Birkenfeld 3 Sep 1598-Neuenstein 6 Sep 1654, bur Bischweiler Kirche).  He received Bischweiler as dowry on his first marriage in 1630, transferred his residence there, and became Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler. 

m firstly (Zweibrücken 14 Nov 1630) MAGDALENA KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin zu Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken, daughter of JOHANN II Pfalzgraf zu Zweibrücken & his first wife Catherine de Rohan (Zweibrücken 26 Apr 1607-Strasbourg 10 Jan 1648, bur Bischweiler).  She brought Bischweiler as dowry to her husband. 

m secondly (Bischweiler 28 or 30 Oct 1648) as her second husband, MARIA JOHANNA Gräfin von Helfenstein, widow of MAXIMILIAN ADAM Landgraf von Leuchtenberg, daughter of RUDOLF III Graf von Helfenstein in Wiesensteig & his wife Eleonore Gräfin zu Fürstenberg (Wiesensteig 8 Sep 1612-Bischweiler 20 Aug 1665, bur Bischweiler). 

Christian & his first wife had nine children:

1.         son stillborn (Schloß Catherinenburg 13 Sep 1631).

2.         GUSTAV ADOLF Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler (Mainz 2 Jul 1632-4 Aug 1632, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).

3.         JOHANN CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler (Worms 16 Jun 1633-Worms 19 Aug 1633, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche).

4.         DOROTHEA KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler (Bischweiler 3 Jul 1634-Neunkirchen im Saarland, near Ottweiler 7 Dec 1715)m (Bischweiler 6 Oct 1649) JOHANN LUDWIG Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken in Ottweiler, son of WILHELM Ludwig Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken in Saarbrücken und Ottweiler & his wife Anna Amalia Markgräfin von Baden (Saarbrücken 24 May 1625-Reichelsheim 9 Feb 1690, bur Reichelsheim).

5.         LOUISE SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler (16 Aug 1635-Neunkirchen im Saarland 25 Sep 1691).

6.         CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler (Bischweiler 22 Jun 1637-Schloß Birkenfeld 26 Apr 1717, bur 1776 Meisenheim Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1654 as Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler, and his cousin in 1671 as Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld.  Graf von Rappoltstein 1673, in right of his wife.  He transferred the government of his territories to his son in 1701 and retired to Schloß Birkenfeld.  m (Rappoltsweiler 5 Sep 1667) KATHARINA AGATHA Gräfin von Rappoltstein, daughter and heiress of JOHANN JAKOB Graf von Rappoltstein & his wife Anna Klaudia Wild- und Rheingräfin zu Kyrburg (Rappoltsweiler 15 Jun 1648-Bischweiler 16 Jul 1683, bur Bischweiler Kirche).  Christian & his wife had seven children:

a)         MAGDALENA KLAUDIA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Bischweiler 16 Sep 1668-Hanau 28 Nov 1704, bur Hanau)m (Hanau 28 Feb 1689) PHILIPP REINHARD Graf von Hanau-Lichtenberg, son of --- (-Philippsruhe 4 Oct 1712, bur Hanau).  Created Fürst von Hanau 1696.  

b)         LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Bischweiler 26 Dec 1669-Bischweiler 2 Apr 1670, bur Bischweiler).

c)         ELISABETH SOPHIE AUGUSTA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Bischweiler 2 Aug 1671-Bischweiler 12 Jun 1672, bur Bischweiler).

d)         CHRISTIANA KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Bischweiler 2 Aug 1671-Bischweiler 15 May 1673, bur Bischweiler).

e)         CHARLOTTE WILHELMINE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Bischweiler 18 Oct 1672-Bischweiler 25 Oct 1672, bur Bischweiler).

f)          CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Strasbourg 7 Nov 1674-Zweibrücken 3 Feb 1735, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1717 as Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld, Bischweiler und Rappoltstein.  Herzog von Zweibrücken 1731. 

-        see below

g)         LUISE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Rappoltstein 18/28 Oct 1678-Arolsen 3 May 1753, bur Arolsen)m (Hanau 21 Oct 1700) ANTON ULRICH Graf von Waldeck und Pyrmont, son of --- (-Pyrmont 1 Jan 1728).  Fürst von Waldeck und Pyrmont 1712. 

7.         JOHANN KARL Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler (Bischweiler 17 Oct 1638-Gelnhausen 21 Feb 1704, bur Gelnhausen St Marien)Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen 1669.  m firstly (Weikersheim 30 May 1685) as her second husband, SOPHIE AMALIA Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken, widow of SIEGFRIED Graf von Hohenlohe-Weikersheim, daughter of FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken zu Zweibrücken & his wife Anna Juliana Gräfin von Nassau-Saarbrücken (Zweibrücken 15 Dec 1646-Gelnhausen 30 Nov 1695, bur Gelnhausen).  m secondly ([Gelnhausen] 28 Jul 1696) as her second husband, ESTHER MARIA von Witzleben, widow of JOHANN FRIEDRICH von Brömbsen, daughter of GEORG Friedrich von Witzleben a. d. H. Elgersburg & his wife Maria Magdalena von Hanstein (Römhild 28 Jul 1665-Gelnhausen 22 Feb 1725, bur Gelnhausen).  The lawsuit between Johann Karl and his brother, which followed this second marriage, was settled 29 Oct 1716 in favour of the equality of the marriage, confirming the Emperor’s prior judgment 11 Apr 1715 to the same effect.  Johann Karl & his first wife had one child:

a)         MAGDALENE JULIANE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (Gelnhausen 26 Feb 1686-Plön 5 Nov 1720, bur Plön Schloßkirche)m (Frankfurt-am-Main 26 Nov 1704) as his first wife, JOACHIM FRIEDRICH Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg in Norburg, son of AUGUST Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg in Plön und Norberg & his wife Elisabeth Charlotte Pss von Anhalt-Bernburg-Harzgerode (Magdeburg 9 May 1668-25 Jan 1722, bur Plön Schloßkirche). 

          Johann Karl & his second wife had five children (who were recognised as Fürsten/Fürstinnen by Imperial order 29 Oct 1716):

b)         FRIEDRICH BERNHARD (28 May 1697-Gelnhausen 5 Aug 1739, bur Gelnhausen St Marien).  Brigadier in the French army.  m (Arolsen 30 Mar 1737) ERNESTINE LUISE Pss von Waldeck, daughter of ANTON ULRICH Fürst von Waldeck, son of --- (Kleinern 6 Nov 1705-Gelnhausen 26 May 1782).  Friedrich Bernhard & his wife had two children: 

i)          LUISE KAROLINE (Arolsen 22 Jan 1738-Gelnhausen 15 Jun 1782, bur Gelnhausen).

ii)         ERNESTINE AUGUSTA FRIEDERIKE (Gelnhausen 17 Feb 1739-Gelnhausen 16 Sep 1746, bur Gelnhausen).

c)         JOHANN (Gelnhausen 24 May 1698-Mannheim 10 Feb 1780, bur Mannheim ev-luth Kirche).  General Field Marshal in the Palatinate army.  Governor of Jülich.  m (Dhaun 19 Aug 1743) SOPHIE CHARLOTTE Wild- und Rheingräfin zu Dhaun und Kyrburg, daughter of KARL Wild- und Rheingraf zu Dhaun und Kyrburg & his wife --- (Dhaun 29 Aug 1719-Gelnhausen 29 Mar 1770).  Johann & his wife had eight children: 

i)          KARL JOHANN LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (Gelnhausen 18 Sep 1745-Mannheim 31 Mar 1789, bur Mannheim ev-luth Kirche).  Major General in the Imperial army.

ii)         CHRISTIANE LUISE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (Gelnhausen 17 Aug 1748-Gera 31 Jan 1829, bur Gera Salvatorkirche)m (Hungen 28 Oct 1773) HEINRICH XXX Graf Reuss zu Gera, son of --- (-Gera 26 Apr 1802, bur Gera Salvatorkirche).  

iii)        JOHANNA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (Gelnhausen 7 Jan 1751-Gelnhausen 4 Jul 1752, bur Gelnhausen).

iv)        WILHELM Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (Gelnhausen 10 Nov 1752-Bamberg 8 Jan 1837, bur Kloster Banz).  General of Infantry in the Bavarian army.  Created Duke in Bavaria 1799.  Herzog von Berg 30 Nov 1803-1 Jan 1806.  m (Mannheim 30 Jan 1780) MARIA ANNA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld, daughter of FRIEDRICH MICHAEL Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld Graf von Rappoltstein & his wife Maria Franziska Dorothea Pfalzgräfin von Sulzbach (Schwetzingen 18 Jul 1753-Bamberg 4 Feb 1824, bur Kloster Banz).

                             -        DUKES in BAVARIA

v)         FRIEDERIKE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (b and d Gelnhausen 14 Nov 1753, bur Gelnhausen).

vi)        SOPHIE HENRIETTE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (29 Jan 1757-30 May 1760, bur Gelnhausen).

vii)       CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (Gelnhausen 1 Aug 1760-Gelnhausen 25 Nov 1761, bur Gelnhausen).

viii)      JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen (Gelnhausen 9 Nov 1764-Gelnhausen 24 Mar 1765, bur Gelnhausen).

d)         CHARLOTTE KATHARINA (Gelnhausen 19 Dec 1699-Hungen 11 May 1785, bur Hungen)m (Gelnhausen 30 Dec 1745) FRIEDRICH WILHELM Fürst zu Solms-Braunfels, son of --- (-Braunfels 24 Feb 1761, bur Braunfels).

e)         WILHELM (Gelnhausen 4 Jan 1701-The Hague 25 Dec 1760).  Field Marshal in the Imperial army.  Cavalry General in the army of the General States.  Governor of Namur 1757.

f)          SOPHIE MARIA (5 Apr 1702-Saalburg 13 Nov 1761, bur Gera St Johanneskirche)m (Sondershausen 24 Aug 1722) HEINRICH XXV Graf Reuss, son of --- (-Gera 13 Mar 1748, bur Gera St Johanneskirche).  Graf Reuß zu Gera 1735.

8.         ANNA MAGDALENA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler (Strasbourg 14 Feb 1640-Babenhausen 12 Dec 1693, bur Hanau Augsburgische Kirche)m (Bischweiler 18 Oct 1659) JOHANN REINHARD Graf von Hanau-Lichtenberg zu Bischofsheim, son of --- (-Bischofsheim 25 Apr 1666, bur Bischofsheim).

9.         KLARA SIBILLA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler (Bischweiler 20 Feb 1643-27 Mar 1644, bur Bischweiler).

 

 

CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler, son of CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Bischweiler und Birkenfeld & his wife Katharina Agatha Gräfin von Rappoltstein (Strasbourg 7 Nov 1674-Zweibrücken 3 Feb 1735, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1717 as Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Birkenfeld, Bischweiler und RappoltsteinHerzog von Zweibrücken 1731. 

m (Schloß Lorentzen bei Saarwerden 21 Sep 1719) KAROLINE Gräfin von Nassau-Saarbrücken, daughter of LUDWIG KRAFT Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken & his wife Philippine Henriette Gräfin von Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Saarbrücken 12 Aug 1704-Darmstadt 25 Mar 1774, bur Darmstadt Stadtkirche).  She was created Reichsfürstin in 1742. 

Christian & his wife had four children: 

1.         KAROLINE HENRIETTE CHRISTINE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Strasbourg 9 Mar 1721-Darmstadt 30 Mar 1774, bur Darmstadt Hofgarten)She was known as “die große Landgräfin”.  m (Zweibrücken 12 Aug 1741) as his first wife, LUDWIG Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt, son of LUDWIG VIII Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt & his wife Charlotte Gräfin zu Hanau-Lichtenberg (Darmstadt 15 Dec 1719-Pirmasens 6 Apr 1790, bur Pirmasens Evangelische Kirche).  He succeeded his father in 1768 as LUDWIG IX Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt

2.         CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Bischweiler 6 Sep 1722-Jagdschloß Petersheim bei Zweibrücken 5 Nov 1775, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1735 as Herzog von Zweibrücken, minor until 1740.  m (morganatically Zweibrücken 1751) MARIA JOHANNA Camasse, daughter of --- (Strasbourg 1734-Paris 1807).  Created Gräfin von Forbach 1757.  Christian & his wife had six children: 

-        GRAFEN von FORBACH, MARQUIS de DEUX-PONTS, FREIHERREN von ZWEYBRÜCKEN

3.         FRIEDRICH MICHAEL Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Rappoltsweiler 27 Feb 1724-Schwetzingen 15 Aug 1767, bur 1805 Munich St Michael).  Graf von Rappoltstein 1746.  m (Mannheim/Munich 6 Feb 1746) MARIA FRANZISKA DOROTHEA CHRISTINA Pfalzgräfin von Sulzbach, daughter of JOSEPH KARL EMANUEL AUGUST Erbprinz von Pfalz-Sulzbach & his wife Elisabeth Augusta Sophia Pfalzgräfin von Neuburg (Schwetzingen 15 Jun 1724-Sulzbach 15 Nov 1794, bur Sulzbach Pfarrrkirche).  Mistress (1): LOUISE Chaveau, daughter of Dr HUBERT Chaveau [Medical doctor in Pfalzgrafschaft] & his wife Katharina Eckart.  Friedrich Michael & his wife had five children: 

a)         KARL AUGUST CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Düsseldorf 29 Oct 1746-Mannheim 1 Apr 1795, bur 1805 Munich St Michael).  He succeeded his father in 1767 as Graf von Rappoltstein, and succeeded his uncle 1775 as Herzog von Zweibrückenm (Dresden 12 Feb 1774) MARIA AMALIE ANNA JOSEPHA Pss of Saxony, daughter of FRIEDRICH CHRISTIAN Elector of Saxony & his wife Maria Antonia Pss of Bavaria (Dresden 26 Sep 1757-Neuburg an der Donau 20 Apr 1831, bur Neuburg Hofkirche).  Karl August Christian & his wife had one child: 

i)          KARL AUGUST FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Zweibrücken 2 Mar 1776-Schloß Karlsberg 21 Aug 1794, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche). 

b)         KLEMENS AUGUST JOSEPH FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Mannheim 18 Sep 1749-Mannheim 10 Jun 1750, bur Munich St Michael).

c)         MARIA AMALIA AUGUSTA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Mannheim 10 May 1752-Dresden 15 Nov 1828, bur Dresden Hofkirche)m (Dresden 29 Jan 1769) FRIEDRICH AUGUST III Elector of Saxony, son of FRIEDRICH CHRISTIAN Elector of Saxony & his wife Maria Antonia Pss of Bavaria (Dresden 23 Dec 1750-Dresden 5 May 1827, bur Dresden Hofkirche).  He was declared FRIEDRICH AUGUST I King of Saxony in 1806.

d)         MARIA ANNA Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Schwetzingen 18 Jul 1753-Bamberg 4 Feb 1824, bur Kloster Banz)m (Mannheim 30 Jan 1780) WILHELM Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld zu Gelnhausen & his wife Sophie Charlotte Wild- und Rheingräfin zu Dhaun und Kyrburg (Gelnhausen 10 Nov 1752-Bamberg 4 Feb 1837, bur Kloster Banz).  Duke in Bavaria 1799. 

e)         MAXIMILIAN JOSEPH Pfalzgraf von Birkenfeld (Mannheim, Schloß 27 May 1756-Nymphenburg 13 Oct 1825, bur Munich Theatinerkirche).  Prinz von Zweibrücken.  He succeeded in 1778 as Graf von Rappoltstein.  He succeeded in 1795 as Herzog von Zweibrücken, until 1799.  He succeeded his distant cousin Karl Theodor as Elector of Bavaria in 1799.  King of Bavaria 1 Jan 1806. 

-        KINGS of BAVARIA 1805-1918

Friedrich Michael had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):   

f)          CARL FRIEDRICH STEPHAN (1767-1834).  Freiherr von Schönfeld 1813.  Graf von Otting und Fünfstetten 1817. 

-        GRAFEN von OTTING und FÜNFSTETTEN

4.         CHRISTIANE HENRIETTE Pfalzgräfin von Birkenfeld (Rappoltsweiler 16 Nov 1725-Arolsen 11 Feb 1816, bur Arolsen)m (Zweibrücken 19 Aug 1741) KARL AUGUST FRIEDRICH Fürst von Waldeck, son of --- (-Arolsen 29 Aug 1763, bur Arolsen). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1559-1685

 

 

 

FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Simmern, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Simmern und Sponheim & his first wife Beatrix von Baden (Simmern 14 Feb 1515-Heidelberg 26 Oct 1576, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his father in 1557 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern.  He succeeded his distant cousin in 1559 as FRIEDRICH III Elector Palatine

m firstly (Crailsheim 12 Jun 1537) MARIA Markgräfin von Brandenburg-Bayreuth, daughter of KASIMIR Markgraf von Brandenburg-Bayreuth & his wife Susanna von Bayern (14 Oct 1519-Heidelberg 31 Oct 1567, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist). 

m secondly (Heidelberg 25 Apr 1569) as her second husband, AMALIE von Neuenahr, widow of HENDRIK [II] Heer van Brederode, daughter of GUMPRECHT [IV] Graf von Neuenahr und von Limburg & his wife --- (-Alpen 1612, bur Alpen).  

Friedrich & his first wife had eleven children:

1.         ALBERTA Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Simmern 4 Apr 1538-19 Mar 1553, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).

2.         LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Simmern 4 Jul 1539-Heidelberg 12 Oct 1583, bur Heidelberg).  He succeeded his father in 1557 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern and in 1576 as LUDWIG VI Elector Palatine, at which time he relinquished Simmern to his younger brother. 

-        see below

3.         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Birkenfeld 30 Jun 1540-Wiener Neustadt 8 Feb 1594, bur Coburg St Moritz)m (Weimar 12 Jun 1558) as his second wife, JOHANN FRIEDRICH II "der Mittlere" Herzog von Sachsen-Gotha, son of JOHANN FRIEDRICH I "der Grossmütige" Elector of Saxony & his wife Sibylla von Kleve (Torgau 8 Jan 1529-in prison Steir 19 May 1595, bur Coburg St Moritz).

4.         HERMANN LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Kreuznach 6 Oct 1541-Bourges 1 Jul 1556, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

5.         JOHANN KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Simmern 7 Mar 1543-Heidelberg 16 Jan 1592, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded in 1576 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern zu Schwarzenburg, Neunburg vorm Wald, Waldmünchen und Tresswitz.  Pfalzgraf von Simmern zu Neustadt und Kaiserslautern 1578.  Regent in Rheinpfalz 1583-1591.  m (Heidelberg 4 Jun 1570) ELISABETH von Sachsen, daughter of AUGUST Elector of Saxony & his first wife Anna Pss of Denmark (Wolkenstein 18 Oct 1552-Heidelberg 2 Apr 1590, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  Johann Kasimir & his wife had six children: 

a)         son (b and d 15 Sep 1573, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

b)         MARIE Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Kaiserslautern 1576-Heidelberg 1577).

c)         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Kaiserslautern 5 May 1578-Kaiserslautern Oct 1580, bur Lautern).

d)         DOROTHEA Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Kaiserslautern 6 Jan 1581-Sandersleben 18 Sep 1631, bur Dessau Schloßkirche)m (Heidelberg 31 Aug 1595) as his second wife, JOHANN GEORG I Fürst von Anhalt-Dessau, JOACHIM ERNST Fürst von Anhalt in Zerbst, Bernburg, Köthen und Dessau & his first wife Agnes von Barby (Harzgerode 2 May 1567-Dessau 14/24 May 1618, bur Dessau Schloßkirche).

e)         daughter (stillborn Heidelberg 28 Feb 1584).

f)          daughter (stillborn Heidelberg 7 Feb 1585).

6.         DOROTHEA SUSANNA Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Simmern 15 Nov 1544-Weimar 8 Apr 1592, bur Weimar St Peter & Paul)m (Heidelberg 15 Jun 1560) JOHANN WILHELM Herzog von Sachsen-Weimar, son of JOHANN FRIEDRICH I "der Grossmütige" Elector of Saxony & his wife Sibylla von Kleve  (Torgau 11 Mar 1530-Weimar 2 Mar 1573, bur Weimar St Peter und Paul).

7.         ALBRECHT Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Plassenburg bei Kulmbach 30 Sep 1546-Plassenburg bei Kulmbach 30 Apr 1547, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

8.         ANNA ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Simmern 23 Jul 1549-Lützelstein/Lothr 20 Sep 1609, bur Lützelstein Stadtkirche)m firstly (Heidelberg 18 Jan 1569) PHILIPP II "der Jüngere" Landgraf von Hessen-Rheinfels, son of PHILIPP I "der Grossmütige" Landgraf von Hessen & his first wife Christina Pss zu Sachsen (Marburg 22 Apr 1541-Rheinfels 20 Nov 1583, bur St Goar Stadtkirche).  m secondly (Braubach 30 Jan or 14 Jun 1599) JOHANN AUGUST Pfalzgraf von Veldenz, son of GEORG JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Veldenz & his wife Anna Pss of Sweden (Schloß Lemberg 26 Nov 1575-Schloß Lemberg 18 Sep 1611, bur Lützelstein Stadtkirche). 

9.         CHRISTOF Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Simmern 13 Jun 1551-killed in battle Mookerheide 14 Apr 1574).

10.      KARL Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Hochberg/Br 28 Dec 1552-Pforzheim 12 Sep 1555).

11.      KUNIGUNDE JAKOBÄA Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Simmern 9 Oct 1556-Dillenburg 6 Jan 1586)m (Dillenburg 13 Sep 1580) as his second wife, JOHANN VI "der Ältere" Graf von Nassau-Dillenburg, son of WILHELM I "der Reiche" Graf von Nassau-Dillenburg & his second wife Juliane von Stolberg-Wernigerode (Dillenburg 23 Nov 1536-Dillenburg 8 Oct 1606, bur Dillenburg). 

 

 

LUDWIG Pfalzgraf, son of FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf zu Simmern [later Pfalzgraf von Simmern, and later FRIEDRICH III Elector Palatine] & his first wife Maria Markgräfin von Brandenburg-Bayreuth (Simmern 4 Jul 1539-Heidelberg 12 Oct 1583, bur Heidelberg).  He succeeded his father in 1557 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern and in 1576 as LUDWIG VI Elector Palatine, at which time he relinquished Simmern to his younger brother. 

m firstly (Marburg 8 Jul 1560) ELISABETH Landgräfin von Hessen, daughter of PHILIPP I "der Grossmütige" Landgraf von Hessen & his first wife Christina Pss zu Sachsen (Kassel 13 Feb 1539-Heidelberg 14 Mar 1582, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist). 

m secondly (Heidelberg 12 Aug 1583) as her first husband, ANNA Gräfin von Ostfriesland, daughter of EDZARD II Graf von Ostfriesland & his wife Katharina of Sweden (Aurich 26 Jun 1562-Neuhaus am Elbe, Bohemia 27 Apr 1621, bur Heidelberg Heiliggeistkirche).  She married secondly (21 Dec 1585) Ernst Friedrich Markgraf von Baden-Durlach, and thirdly (Graben bei Karlsruhe or Grabow, Mecklenburg 7 Mar 1617) as his first wife, Julius Heinrich von Sachsen-Lauenburg

Ludwig & his first wife had twelve children:

1.         ANNA MARIA Pfalzgräfin (Heidelberg 24 Jul 1561-Eskilstuna, near Nyköping 29 Jul 1589, bur Strengnas Cathedral)m (Heidelberg 11 May 1579) as his first wife, CARL Duke of Södermanland Prince of Sweden, son of GUSTAF I Eriksson King of Sweden & his second wife Margareta Eriksdotter (Stockholm 4 Oct 1550-Nyköping 30 Oct 1611, bur Strengnas Cathedral).  Regent of Sweden 1592.  He succeeded in 1604 as CARL IX King of Sweden

2.         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin (Heidelberg 15 Jun 1562-Heidelberg 2 Sep 1562, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

3.         DOROTHEA ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin (Jagdschloß Deinschwang 12 Jan 1565-Jagdschloß Deinschwang 7 Mar 1565, bur Amberg St Martin).

4.         DOROTHEA Pfalzgräfin (Amberg 4 Aug 1566-Amberg 10 Mar 1568, bur Amberg St Martin).

5.         FRIEDRICH PHILIPP Pfalzgraf (Amberg 19 Oct 1567-Amberg 14 Nov 1568, bur Amberg St Martin).

6.         JOHANN FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf (Amberg 17 Feb 1569-Amberg 20 Mar 1569, bur Amberg, St Martin). 

7.         LUDWIG Pfalzgraf (Amberg 30 Dec 1570-Amberg 7 Mar 1571, bur Amberg St Martin). 

8.         KATHARINA Pfalzgräfin (Apr 1572-16 Oct 1586).

9.         CHRISTINE Pfalzgräfin (Schloß Hirschwald, Oberpfalz 5/6 Jan 1573-Zweibrücken 11 Jul 1619, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).

10.      FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf (Amberg 5 Mar 1574-Heidelberg 9 Sep 1610, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his father in 1583 as FRIEDRICH IV Elector Palatine, minor until 1592.   

          -        see below

11.      PHILIPP Pfalzgraf (Amberg 4 May 1575-Amberg 9 Aug 1575, bur Amberg St Martin).

12.      ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin (Amberg 24 Nov 1576-Heidelberg 10 Apr 1577, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

 

 

FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf, son of LUDWIG VI Elector Palatine & his first wife Elisabeth Landgräfin von Hessen (Amberg 5 Mar 1574-Heidelberg 9 Sep 1610, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his father in 1583 as FRIEDRICH IV Elector Palatine, minor until 1592.  He inherited Kaiserslautern und Neustadt in 1592 from his uncle Johann Kasimir, and the duchy of Simmern in 1598 from his uncle Richard.  He was leader of the Protestant Union formed in 1608 to balance the Austro/Spanish Catholic League. 

m (Dillenburg 13 Jun 1593) LUISE JULIANE Pss van Oranje, Gräfin von Nassau, daughter of WILLEM I "Taciturnus/the Silent" Prins van Oranje Graf von Nassau, Stadhouder of the Netherlands & his third wife Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpensier (Delft 31 Mar 1576-Königsberg in Preußen 15 Mar 1644, bur Königsberg Cathedral).  Regent of the Palatinate 1610-1611 for her son Friedrich V.  She lived at the court of her son-in-law Georg Wilhelm Elector of Brandenburg, and left Berlin with them for Königsberg during the Thirty Years War. 

Friedrich & his wife had eight children:

1.         LUISE JULIANE Pfalzgräfin (Heidelberg 16 Jul 1594-Meisenheim 28 Apr 1640, bur Meisenheim Stadtkirche)m (Heidelberg 13 May 1612) as his second wife, JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken, son of JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Zweibrücken & his wife Magdalena Pss von Kleve (Bergzabern 26 Mar 1584-Metz 9 Aug 1635, bur 1646 Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).

2.         KATHARINA SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin (Heidelberg 10 Jun 1595-Cölln an der Spree 28 Jun 1626 or Zweibrücken 28 Jun 1624, bur Zweibrücken Alexanderkirche).

3.         FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf (Jagdschloß Deinschwang, Oberpfalz 26 Aug 1596-Mainz 29 Nov 1632).  He succeeded his father in 1610 as FRIEDRICH V Elector Palatine

-        see below

4.         ELISABETH CHARLOTTE Pfalzgräfin (Schloß Neumarkt 7/17 Nov 1597-Schloß Crossen an der Oder am Stickhusten 16/26 Apr 1660, bur Berlin Cathedral)m (Heidelberg 14/24 Jul 1616) GEORG WILHELM Kurprinz von Brandenburg, son of JOHANN SIGISMUND Elector of Brandenburg & his wife Anna Pss von Preußen (Berlin Schloß 3/13 Nov 1595-Schloß Königsberg 21 Nov/1 Dec 1640, bur Königsberg Cathedral).  He succeeded in 1618 as Herzog in Preußen and in 1620 as GEORG WILHELM Elector of Brandenburg

5.         ANNA ELEONORE Pfalzgräfin (Heidelberg 26 Dec 1598-Heidelberg 3 Jun 1600, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

6.         LUDWIG WILHELM Pfalzgraf (Heidelberg 25 Sep 1600-Heidelberg 30 Sep 1600, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

7.         MORITZ CHRISTIAN Pfalzgraf (Heidelberg 18 Sep 1601-Heidelberg 28 Mar 1605, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).

8.         LUDWIG PHILIPP Pfalzgraf (Heidelberg 23 Nov 1602-Schloß Crossen an der Oder am Stickhusten 6 Jan 1655, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1610 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern, Kaiserslauten and two-thirds Stromberg.  He returned the principality of Kaiserslauten to the Elector Palatine 2 Dec 1653.  Administrator of the Palatinate 1652.  m (Berlin/Cölln an der Spree 4/14 Dec 1631) MARIE ELEONORE von Brandenburg, daughter of JOACHIM FRIEDRICH Elector of Brandenburg & his third wife Eleonore Herzogin von Preußen (Berlin/Cölln an der Spree, Berlin 1 Apr 1607-Kreuznach 1 Feb 1675, bur Simmern Stadtkirche). Ludwig Philipp & his wife had seven children: 

a)         KARL FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Kaiserslautern 6 Jan 1633, bur Frankenthal 13 Jan 1635).

b)         GUSTAV LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Heidelberg 1 Mar 1634-Metz 5 Aug 1635).

c)         KARL PHILIPP Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Frankenthal 20 Apr 1635-Metz 24 Feb 1636).

d)         LUDWIG KASIMIR Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Metz 27 Sep 1636-Kreuznach 14 Dec 1652, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).

e)         ELISABETH MARIE CHARLOTTE Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Sedan 23 Oct 1638-Brieg 20 May 1664, bur Brieg Schloßkirche).  m (Brieg 19/20 Oct 1660) as his second wife, GEORG III Duke of Brieg and Liegnitz, son of JOHANN CHRISTIAN Duke of Brieg [Piast] & his first wife Dorothea Sibylle von Brandenburg (4 Sep 1611-14 Jun or 14 Jul 1664, bur Brieg Schloßkirche).

f)          LUDWIG HEINRICH MORITZ Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Sedan 11 Oct 1640-Kreuznach 3 Jan 1674, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).  He succeeded his father in 1655 as Pfalzgraf von Simmern, minor until 1658.  m (Kleve 23 Sep 1666) MARIA Pss van Oranje, Gräfin von Nassau, daughter of FREDERIK HENDRIK Prins van Oranje, Graf von Nassau, Stadhouder of the Netherlands & his wife Amalie Gräfin von Solms-Braunfels (The Hague 5 Sep 1642-Kreuznach 20 Mar 1688, bur Simmern Stadtkirche).

g)         LUISE SOPHIE Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Kreuznach 27 Jun 1642-Kreuznach 19 Mar 1643).

 

 

FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf, son of FRIEDRICH IV Elector Palatine & his wife Luise Juliane Pss van Oranje, Gräfin von Nassau (Jagdschloß Deinschwang, Oberpfalz 26 Aug 1596-Mainz 29 Nov 1632).  He succeeded his father in 1610 as FRIEDRICH V Elector Palatine.  Bohemia rebelled against the prospect of the ultra-Catholic Ferdinand III succeeding his cousin Matthias as Emperor and King of Bohemia.  The “Defenestration of Prague” followed a royal decree forbidding Protestants from holding assemblies.  After Ferdinand’s election, he was deposed by the Bohemians who offered the crown to Friedrich V as one of the leading Protestant princes.  He was elected FRIEDRICH King of Bohemia 26 Aug 1619, crowned 4 Nov 1619.  He was however defeated on the White Hill, outside Prague in Nov 1620, and fled.  Catholic persecution of Protestants followed in Bohemia, which was brought firmly under Austrian control.  Friedrich was banished from the Empire by the Diet of Regensburg 29 Jan 1621, and went into exile in the Netherlands.  His title of Elector was transferred 25 Feb 1623 to his distant cousin the Duke of Bavaria, who was head of the Catholic League.  All Friedrich V’s territories on the left bank of the Rhine were transferred to Spain, and those on the right bank to the Duke of Bavaria by agreement with the Emperor 22 Feb 1628, confirming the conquest of 1620/21.  With the Protestant Palatinate under Catholic control, the German Protestants sought Danish help, and Europe was thrust into civil turmoil until the Peace of Westphalia 1648. 

m (Chapel Royal, Whitehall 14 Feb 1613) ELIZABETH Pss of England and Scotland, daughter of JAMES I King of England [JAMES VI King of Scotland] & his wife Anna Pss of Denmark (Dunfermline Palace, Fife 19 Aug 1596-Leicester House, London 13 Feb 1662, bur Westminster Abbey).

Friedrich & his wife had thirteen children: 

1.         HEINRICH FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Heidelberg 2 Jan 1614-drowned in Haarlem Meer 7 Jan 1629, bur 's-Gravenhage Prinsenkerk).  He was declared Crown Prince of Bohemia 19 Apr 1620. 

2.         ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Heidelberg 26 Dec 1617 or 1618-Herford 11 Feb 1681, bur Herford).  Coadjutrix of Herford 1661, Abbess of Herford 1667. 

3.         KARL LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Heidelberg 1 Jan 1618-Edingen 28 Aug 1680, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded in 1648 as KARL I LUDWIG Elector Palatinem firstly (Kassel 12 Feb 1650, maybe divorced Heidelberg 14 Apr 1657) CHARLOTTE Landgräfin von Hessen-Kassel, daughter of WILHELM V Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel & his wife Amalie Elisabeth Gräfin von Hanau-Münzenberg (Kassel 20 Nov 1627-Kassel 16 Mar 1686).  m secondly (morganatically, perhaps bigamously, Schwetzingen or Frankenthal 6 Jan 1658) MARIE SUSANNE LUISE Freiin von Degenfeld, daughter of CHRISTOF MARTIN Freiherr von Degenfeld [General in the Venetian Army] & his wife Anna Marie Adelmann von Adelmannsfelden (Strasbourg 28 Nov 1634-Schloß Friedrichsburg bei Mannheim 18 Mar 1677, bur Schloß Friedrichsburg bei Mannheim Konkordienkirche).  Lady in Waiting of Karl Ludwig’s first wife.  She was created “Raugräfin”.  m thirdly (Schloß Friedrichsburg bei Mannheim 11 Dec 1679) as her first husband, ELISABETH Holländer von Bernau, daughter of TOBIAS Holländer von Bernau & his wife Margareta Moser (Schaffhausen 1659-8 Mar 1702).  She married secondly (Lohn 3 Dec 1682) Melchior von Pfister.  Karl I Ludwig & his first wife had three children: 

a)         KARL Pfalzgraf am Rhein (Heidelberg 31 Mar 1651-Heidelberg 26 May 1685, bur Heidelberg Heilige Geist).  He succeeded his father in 1680 as KARL II Elector Palatinem (Heidelberg Heilige Geist 20 Sep 1671) WILHELMINE ERNESTINE Pss of Denmark, daughter of FREDERIK III King of Denmark, King of Norawy & his wife Sophie Amalie Herzogin von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Copenhagen 20 Jun 1650-Lichtenberg/Sa 22 Apr 1706). 

b)         ELISABETH CHARLOTTE Pfalzgräfin am Rhein (Heidelberg 27 May 1652-Château de Saint-Cloud 8 Dec 1722, bur Saint-Denis)m (by proxy Metz 16 Nov 1671, in person Châlons-sur-Marne 21 Nov 1671) as his second wife, PHILIPPE de France Duc d'Orléans, son of LOUIS XIII King of France & his wife Infanta doña Ana of Spain [Anne d’Autriche] (Saint-Germain-en-Laye 21 Sep 1640-Château de Saint-Cloud 9 Jun 1701, bur Saint-Denis). 

c)         FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf (Augsburg 12 May 1653-Augsburg 13 May 1653). 

Karl I Ludwig & his second wife had thirteen children: 

d)         Raugraf KARL LUDWIG (Schwetzingen 15 Oct 1658-killed in action Negroponte 12 Aug 1688).  

e)         Raugräfin KAROLINE ELISABETH (19 Nov 1659-Kensington 28 Jun 1696, bur 11 Jul 1696 Westminster Abbey).  m (4 Jan 1682/3) as his second wife, MEINHARD Graf von Schönberg, son of FRIEDRICH HERMANN Graf von Schönberg auf Wesel & his first wife Johanna Elisabeth Gräfin von Schönberg auf Wesel (Köln 30 Jun 1641-Hillingdon, Middlesex 5 Jul 1719, bur 4 Aug 1719 Westminster Abbey).  Naturalised as a French subject, he became Maréchal de Camp in the French Army.  General of Cavalry in the Brandenburg Army.  He joined his father in England in 1689, and was known as Lord Meinhard Schomberg from 9 May 1689 when his father was created Duke of Schomberg.  He distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne 1 Jul 1690.  Created Duke of Leinster, Earl of Bangor and Baron Tara 3 Mar 1691.  He succeeded his brother 17 Oct 1693 as Duke of Schomberg. 

f)          Raugräfin LUISE (Heidelberg 25 Jan 1661-Frankfurt-am-Main 6 Feb 1733). 

g)         Raugraf LUDWIG (Heidelberg 19 Feb 1662-Heidelberg 7 Apr 1662). 

h)         Raugräfin AMALIE ELISABETH (Heidelberg 1 Apr 1663-Heidelberg 13 Jul 1709). 

i)           Raugraf GEORG LUDWIG (Heidelberg 30 Mar 1664-Schloß Friedrichsburg 20 Jul 1665). 

j)           Raugraf FRIEDRICH WILHELM (Heidelberg 25 Nov 1666-29 Jul 1667). 

k)          Raugräfin FRIEDERIKE (Schloß Friedrichsburg 7 Jul 1665-Heidelberg 7 Aug 1674). 

l)           Raugraf KARL EDUARD (Heidelberg 19 May 1668-killed in battle Prstina 2 Jan 1690). 

m)        Raugräfin SOPHIE (Heidelberg 19 Jul 1669-28 Nov 1669). 

n)         Raugraf KARL MORITZ (Schloß Friedrichsburg 9 Jan 1671-Herrenhausen 13 Jun 1702, bur Hannover Neustädter Kirche). 

o)         Raugraf KARL AUGUST (Heidelberg 19 Oct 1672-killed in battle Hotton 20 Sep 1691, bur Maastricht Sint-Jan). 

p)         Raugraf KARL KASIMIR (Schloß Friedrichsburg 1 May 1675-killed in a duel Wolfenbüttel 28 Apr 1691, bur Wolfenbüttel). 

Karl I Ludwig & his third wife had one child: 

q)         KARL LUDWIG (posthumously chr Schaffhausen 17 Apr 1681-). 

Karl I Ludwig had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

r)          LUDWIG von Seitz (-1660). 

4.         RUPERT Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Prague 17 Dec 1619-Spring Gardens, London 29 Nov 1682, bur 6 Dec 1682 Westminster Abbey).  Naturalised in England 19 Jan 1642.  He was created Duke of Cumberland and Earl of Holderness 24 Jan 1644.  President of the Council of Wales, Master of the Horse and Commander in Chief of the Royal Army 1644-45.  Master of the Horse to Charles II King in exile 1653-55.  He became Admiral of the White after the Restoration of the Monarchy 1660.  Constable of Windsor Castle 1668, and Vice-Admiral of England 1672.  Admiral of the Fleet and First Lord of the Admiralty Jul 1673 to Feb 1679.  Mistress (1): Hon. FRANCES Bard, daughter of HENRY Bard Viscount Bellomont & his wife Ann Gardiner ([1645/46]-Karlsruhe 1708).  Mistress (2): Mrs MARGARET Hughes, wife of ---, daughter of ---.  An actress.  Rupert had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

a)         DUDLEY Bard (1666-killed siege of Buda 13 Jul 1686). 

Rupert had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2): 

b)         RUPERTA (1671-).  m Lt-Gen EMANUEL Scrope Howe, son of JOHN Grubham Howe of Langar Nottinghamshire & his wife Annabella Scrope of the Earls of Sunderland.  He was brother of Scrope Howe, who was created 1st Viscount Howe 16 May 1701. 

5.         MORITZ Pfalzgraf von Simmern (Köstrin 6 Jan 1621-lost at sea [10 Mar] 1654).  English Vice-Admiral. 

6.         LOUISE HOLLANDINE Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (The Hague 17 Apr 1622-Maubuisson 11 Feb 1709, bur Maubuisson).  Nun at Maubuisson 1658, Abbess 1664. 

7.         LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Simmern (The Hague 21 Aug 1623-The Hague 24 Dec 1624). 

8.         EDUARD Pfalzgraf von Simmern (The Hague 6 Oct 1624-Paris 13 Mar 1663, bur Val-de-Grace)m (Paris 4 May 1645) ANNA GONZAGA Pss of Mantua, daughter of CARLO I Duke of Mantua Duc de Nevers et de Rethel & his wife Catherine de Lorraine (Mantua 1616-Paris 6 Jul 1684, bur Val-de-Grace).  Eduard & his wife had four children: 

a)         LUISE MARIE Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Paris 23 Jul 1647-Aachen 11 Mar 1679).  m (Asnières 20 Mar 1671) KARL THEODOR Fürst zu Salm, Wild- und Rheingraf, son of --- (1645-Aachen 1 Nov 1710, bur Aachen). 

b)         ANNA HENRIETTA JULIA Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Paris 23 Jul 1648-Paris 23 Feb 1723, bur Paris, église des Carmélites du faubourg Saint-Jacques)m (by proxy Lemberg 28 Jul 1663, in person Palais du Louvre, Paris 11 Dec 1663) HENRI JULES de Bourbon Duc d’Enghien, son of LOUIS de Bourbon Prince de Condé, Duc de Bourbon & his wife Claire Clémence de Maillé Duchesse de Fronsac et de Caumont (Paris, Hôtel de Condé 29 Jul 1643-Paris 1 Apr 1709, bur Valléry).  He succeeded his father in 1686 as Prince de Conde, Duc de Bourbon

c)         son (27 Dec 1650-30 Jul 1651). 

d)         BENEDIKTE HENRIETTE PHILIPPINE Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (Paris 14 Mar 1652-Asnières 12 Aug 1730)m (by proxy Asnières near Paris 25 Sep 1668, in person Hannover 30 Nov 1668) JOHANN FRIEDRICH Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Hannover, son of GEORG Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Calenberg & his wife Anna Eleonore Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt (Herzberg 25 Apr 1625-Augsburg 28 Dec 1679, bur Hannover Schloßkirche). 

9.         HENRIETTE MARIE Pss von der Pfalz (The Hague 17 Jul 1626-Fogaras, Hungary or Saróspatak 18 Sep 1651)m (Saróspatak 4 Apr/26 Jun 1651) ZSIGMOND Rákóczi de Felsövadász of Transylvania, son of GYÖRGY Rákóczi de Felsövadász Prince of Transylvania & his wife Zsuzsanna Lórántffy de Serke (11 Jul 1622-Fogaras 4 Feb 1652, bur Weissenburg/Gyulafehérvár). 

10.      PHILIPP Pfalzgraf von Simmern (The Hague 16 Sep 1627-killed in action Rethel 16 Dec 1650). 

11.      CHARLOTTE Pfalzgräfin von Simmern (The Hague 19 Dec 1628-The Hague 23 Jan 1631). 

12.      SOPHIA Pfalzgräfin von Simmern Pss von der Pfalz (The Hague 14 Oct 1630-Herrenhausen 8 Jun 1714, bur Hannover Schloßkirche)The British Act of Settlement 1701 provided that, in order to secure the Protestant succession, Sophie and her heirs would inherit the British throne upon the death without issue of King William III and Queen Anne.   m (Heidelberg 30 Sep 1658) ERNST AUGUST Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of GEORG Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Calenberg & his wife Anna Eleonore Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt Herzberg 20 Nov 1629-Herrenhausen 13 Jan/23 Jan 1698, bur Hannover Schloßkirche).  He succeeded his brother in 1679 as ERNST AUGUST Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Hannover.  He was created Elector of Hannover in 1692. 

13.      GUSTAV ADOLF Pfalzgraf von Simmern (The Hague 4 Jan 1632-The Hague 9 Jan 1641).

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    ELECTORS PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1685-1742

 

 

 

PHILIPP WILHELM Pfalzgraf zu Neuburg, son of WOLFGANG WILHELM Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg & his first wife Magdalena Herzogin von Bayern (Neuburg an der Donau 24 Nov 1615-Vienna 2 Sep 1690, bur Neuburg Jesuit Church).  He succeeded his father in 1653 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Neuburg.  He agreed with Brandenburg 19 Sep 1666 the treaty for the partition of Kleve, under which he succeeded as Herzog von Berg and Jülich.  He succeeded his distant cousin Karl II in 1685 as PHILIPP WILHELM Elector Palatine

m firstly (Warsaw 9 Jun 1642) ANNA KATHARINA KONSTANCJA Pss of Poland and Sweden, daughter of ZYGMUNT III King of Poland [Vasa] & his second wife Konstanze Archduchess of Austria (Warsaw 7 Aug 1619-Köln 9 Oct 1651, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas). 

m secondly (by proxy 11 Aug 1653, in person Langenschwalbach 24 Aug/3 Sep 1653) ELISABETH AMALIE MAGDALENA Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt, daughter of GEORG II Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt & his wife Sophie Eleonore von Sachsen (Gießen 20 Mar 1635-Neuburg an der Donau 4 Aug 1709, bur Neuburg, Jesuitenhofkirche).  She was known as MAGDALENA after her conversion to Catholicism. 

Philipp Wilhelm & his first wife had one child:

1.         son (b and d Neuburg 18 Apr 1645, bur Neuburg).

Philipp Wilhelm & his second wife had seventeen children:

2.         ELEONORA MAGDALENA THERESA Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Düsseldorf 6 Jan 1655-Vienna 19 Jan 1720, bur Vienna Kapuzinergruft)m (Passau 14 Dec 1676) as his third wife, Emperor LEOPOLD I Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia and Hungary, son of Emperor FERDINAND III Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia and Hungary & his first wife Infanta doña María Ana of Spain (Vienna 9 Jun 1640-Vienna 5 May 1705, bur Vienna Kapuzinergruft).

3.         MARIA ADELHEID ANNA Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Neuburg 6 Jan 1656-Düsseldorf 22 Dec 1656, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas).  

4.         SOPHIE ELISABETH Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Düsseldorf 25 May 1657-Düsseldorf 7 Feb 1658, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas).

5.         JOHANN WILHELM JOSEPH Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Düsseldorf 19 Apr 1658-Düsseldorf 8 Jun 1716, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas).  He succeeded his father in 1690 as JOHANN WILHELM Elector Palatinem firstly (Wiener Neustadt 25 Oct 1678) MARIA ANNA JOSEFA Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Emperor FERDINAND III Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia and Hungary & his third wife Eleonora Maria Gonzaga (Regensburg 30 Dec 1654-Vienna 4 Apr 1689, bur Vienna Kapuzinergruft).  m secondly (Neuburg 5 Jun 1691) ANNA MARIA de' Medici Pss of Tuscany, daughter of COSIMO III Grand Duke of Tuscany & his wife Marguerite Louise d’Orléans (Florence 11 Aug 1667-Florence 18 Feb 1743, bur Florence San Lorenzo).  Johann Wilhelm & his first wife had one child:

a)         son (b and d Düsseldorf 1683).

6.         WOLFGANG GEORG FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Düsseldorf 5 Jun 1659-Wiener Neustadt 4 Jun 1683).  Canon at Trient cathedral, at Köln cathedral 1662, at Osnabrück cathedral 1666, at Passau 1669.  Canon of St Lambert at Liège 1671.  Dechant at St Gereon at Köln.  Canon at Münster, Hildesheim, and Strasbourg cathedrals 1675, at Mainz, Paderborn and Breslau cathedrals 1678, at Brixen cathedral 1679.  Chorbischof at Köln cathedral 1680.  Canon at Hildesheim cathedral 1681.  Elected Bishop of Breslau 1682.

7.         LUDWIG ANTON Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Düsseldorf 9 Jun 1660-Liège 4 May 1694, bur Liège St Lambert).  Canon at Köln cathedral 1664, at Mainz and Strasbourg cathedrals 1669. Kommendatar-Abbot at Fécamp 1673.  Canon at Speyer cathedral 1674, at Münster cathedral 1676.  Canon at St Lambert, Liège 1679.  Coadjutor of the Teutonic Knights 1679, Hochmeister 1685.  Canon at Brixen cathedral 1679-1680.  Afterdechant at Köln cathedral 1688, Provost at Ellwangen cathedral 1689, Dechant of St Gereon at Köln 1690.  Coadjutor at Mainz and Worms cathedrals 1691.  Bishop of Worms 1693.  Elected Bishop of Liège 1694.

8.         KARL PHILIPP Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Neuburg 4 Nov 1661-Mannheim 31 Dec 1742 bur Mannheim Schloßkapelle).  Canon at Köln cathedral 1667-1688, resigned.  Canon at Salzburg cathedral 1678-1685, resigned.  Knight of the Order of Malta 1678.  Canon at Mainz cathedral 1679-1688, resigned.  He succeeded his brother in 1716 as KARL III PHILIPP Elector Palatinem firstly (Berlin 10 Aug 1688) as her second husband, LUISE CHARLOTTE Pss Radziwill, widow of LUDWIG Markgraf von Brandenburg, daughter of BOGUSLAW Fürst Radziwill & his wife --- (Königsberg 27 Feb 1667-Brieg 13/23 Mar 1695).  m secondly (Cracow 15 Dec 1701) TERESA KATARZYNA Pss Lubomirska, daughter of JOSEF KARL Fürst Lubormirski & his wife Teofila Louise Pss Ostorog (1685-Innsbruck 16 Jan 1712).  m thirdly ([30 Jan 1728/18 Jan 1729]) MARIA VIOLANTA THERESIA Gräfin von Thurn und Taxis, daughter of PHILIPP WILHELM KONSTANTIN Graf von Thurn und Taxis Herr zu Rohrenfels & his wife --- (Munich 23 Apr 1683-Mannheim 2 Nov 1734, bur Mannheim).  Created Fürstin by Imperial order at Vienna 8 Mar 1733.  Karl Philipp & his first wife had four children:

a)         LEOPOLDINE ELEONORE JOSEPHINE Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Brieg 27 Dec 1689-1693).

b)         MARIA ANNA Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (7 Dec 1690-1692).

c)         ELISABETH AUGUSTE SOPHIE Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Brieg 17 Mar 1693-Mannheim Jan 1728, bur Munich St Michael)m (Innsbruck 2 May 1717) JOSEPH KARL EMANUEL AUGUST Erbprinz von Pfalz-Sulzbach, son of THEODOR EUSTACH Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach & his wife Eleonore Landgräfin von Hessen-Rheinfels-Rotenburg (Sulzbach 2 Nov 1694-Oggersheim 18 Jul 1729, bur Munich St Michael).

d)         son (Brieg 22 Mar 1695-Brieg 22 Mar 1695). 

          Karl Philipp & his second wife had two children:  

e)         THEOPHILA ELISABETH FRANZISKA FELICITAS Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (13 Nov 1703-31 Jan 1705).

f)          ANNA ELISABETH THEOPHILE Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Innsbruck 9 Jun 1709-Innsbruck 10 Feb 1712). 

9.         ALEXANDER SIGMUND Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Neuburg 16 Apr 1663-Augsburg 24 Jan 1737, bur Augsburg Cathedral).  Canon at Augsburg cathedral 1670-1681, at Eichstätt cathedral 1672-1705, at Regensburg cathedral 1673-1684.  Coadjutor at Augsburg cathedral 1681, Provost 1681-1693.  Canon at Konstanz cathedral 1686-1705, at Münster cathedral 1690-1717, at Mainz cathedral until 1712.  Bishop of Augsburg 1691.  

10.      FRANZ LUDWIG Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Neuburg 24 Jul 1664-Breslau 18 Apr 1732, bur Breslau Cathedral).  Canon at Olmütz cathedral 1678, at Münster and Speyer cathedrals 1679, at Köln cathedral 1683-1730.  Canon and Bishop of Breslau 1683-1732.  Canon at St Lambert, Liège 1694-1728.  Provost of Ellwangen and Bishop of Worms 1694.  Coadjutor of Mainz cathedral 1710.  Archbishop-Elector of Trier 1716-1729.  Archbishop-Elector of Mainz 1729-1732.

11.      FRIEDRICH WILHELM Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Düsseldorf 20 Jul 1665-killed in battle Mainz 23 Jul 1689, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas).  Canon at Konstanz cathedral 1685, at Münster cathedral 1689.  General in the Imperial army. 

12.      MARIA SOPHIA ELISABETH Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Schloß Benrath, near Düsseldorf 6 Aug 1666-Lisbon 4 Aug 1699, bur São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon)m (by proxy Heidelberg 2 Jul 1687, in person Lisbon 11 Aug 1687) as his second wife, PEDRO II King of Portugal, son of JOÃO IV "o Feliz" King of Portugal & his wife doña Luisa María Francisca de Guzmán de los Duques de Medina-Sidonia (Lisbon 26 Apr 1648-Alcántara 9 Dec 1706, bur São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon).

13.      MARIA ANNA Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Schloß Benrath near Düsseldorf 28 Oct 1667-Guadalajara 16 Jul 1740, bur El Escorial)m (San Diego near Valladolid 14 May 1690) as his second wife, CARLOS II King of Spain, son of FELIPE IV King of Spain & his second wife Maria Anna Archduchess of Austria (Madrid 6 Nov 1661-Madrid 1 Nov 1700, bur El Escorial).

14.      PHILIPP WILHELM AUGUST Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Neuburg 18 Nov 1668-Reichstadt 10 Apr 1693, bur Reichstadt)m (Raudnitz 29 Oct 1690) as her first husband, ANNA MARIA FRANZISKA Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of JULIUS FRANZ Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Maria Hedwig Pfalzgräfin von Sulzbach (Neuhaus an der Elbe 13 Jun 1672-Reichstadt 15 Oct 1741, bur Reichstadt).  She married secondly (Düsseldorf 2 Jul 1697) Giovanni Gastone de' Medici Prince of Tuscany, who succeeded in 1723 as Grand Duke of Tuscany.  Philipp Wilhelm & his wife had two children: 

a)         LEOPOLDINE ELEONORE ELISABETH AUGUSTE Pfalzgräfin von Neuburg (Neuburg 22 Oct 1691-Reichstadt 10 Mar 1692, bur Reichstadt).

b)         MARIA ANNA KAROLINE LOUISE FRANZISKA Pfalzgräfin von Neuburg (Reichstadt 30 Jan 1693-Ahaus, Westfalen 12 Sep 1751, bur Münster Cathedral)m (Reichstadt 5 Feb 1719) FERDINAND MARIA INNOCENZ Herzog von Bayern, son of MAXIMILIAN II EMANUEL Elector of Bavaria & his second wife Teresa Kunigunda Sobieska Pss of Poland (Brussels 5 Aug 1699-Munich 9 Dec 1738, bur Munich St Kajetan). 

15.      DOROTHEA SOPHIE Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Neuburg 5 Jul 1670-Parma 15 Sep 1748, bur Parma)m firstly (Parma 17 Sep 1690) ODOARDO Farnese Prince of Parma, son of RANUCCIO II Farnese Duke of Parma & his second wife Isabella d’Este Pss of Modena (-Parma 6 Sep 1693, bur Parma).  m secondly (Parma 8 Feb 1695, 7 Dec 1696) FRANCESCO Farnese Duke of Parma, son of RANUCCIO II Farnese Duke of Parma & his third wife Maria d’Este Pss of Modena (19 May 1678-Piacenza 26 Feb 1727, bur Parma).  

16.      HEDWIG ELISABETH AMALIE Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Düsseldorf 18 Jul 1673-Ohlau 10 Aug 1722)m (Warsaw 25 Mar 1691) JAKUB LUDWIK Sobieski Prince of Poland, son of JAN Sobieski King of Poland & his wife Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d’Arquien (1667-Zolkiew 19 Jul 1737, bur Zolkiew).

17.      JOHANN Pfalzgraf von Neuburg (Düsseldorf 1 Feb 1675-Düsseldorf 2 Feb 1675).  

18.      LEOPOLDINE ELEONORE JOSEPHA Pss von Pfalz-Neuburg (Neuburg 27 May 1679-Düsseldorf 8 Mar 1693, bur Düsseldorf St Andreas). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  ELECTOR PALATINE [KURFÜRSTEN von der PFALZ] 1742-1799

 

 

 

KARL THEODOR Pfalzgraf zu Sulzbach, son of JOHANN CHRISTIAN JOSEPH Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach & his first wife Marie Henriette Léopoldine de La Tour d'Auvergne Marquise de Bergen-op-Zoom (Drogenbosch near Uccle, Brussels 10 Dec 1724-Munich 16 Feb 1799, bur Munich St Kajetan).  He succeeded his father in 1733 as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach.  He succeeded his distant cousin Karl III Philipp 1 Jan 1743 as KARL IV THEODOR Elector Palatine.  He succeeded his distant cousin Maximilian III Joseph 30 Dec 1777 as Elector of Bavaria

m firstly (Mannheim 17 Jan 1742) ELISABETH MARIA ALOYSIA AUGUSTA Pfalzgräfin von Sulzbach, daughter of JOSEF KARL EMANUEL AUGUST Erbprinz von Pfalz-Sulzbach & his wife Elisabeth Augusta Sophie Pfalzgräfin von Neuburg (Mannheim 17 Jan 1721-Weinheim 17 Apr 1794, bur 1805 Munich St Michael). 

m secondly (Innsbruck 1795) as her first husband, MARIA LEOPOLDINE Archduchess of Austria, daughter of FERDINAND Archduke of Austria [later FERDINANDO Duke of Modena] & his wife Maria Beatrice d’Este Pss of Modena (Milan 10 Dec 1776-by accident Wasserburg-am-Inn 23 Jun 1848, bur in the chapel on St Anton's Berg, Steppberg near Neuburg an der Donau).  She married secondly (Munich 14 Nov 1804) Ludwig Graf von Arco.  After her second marriage, Maria Leopoldine played an important political role in Bavaria, her advice being frequently sought by King Ludwig I. 

Mistress (1): FRANÇOISE Despres-Verneuil, daughter of ---. 

Mistress (2): JOSEPHA Seyfert, daughter of --- (1748-1771). 

Karl Theodor & his first wife had one child:

1.         FRANZ LUDWIG JOSEPH (b and d Schwetzingen 29 Jun 1761). 

Karl Theodor had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

2.          KAROLINE FRANZISKA Gräfin von Parkstein (1762-1816).  m (1776) FRIEDRICH WILHELM Prinz zu Isenburg-Büdingen, son of --- (-1804). 

Karl Theodor had four illegitimate children by Mistress (2):

3.          KAROLINE JOSEPHA Gräfin von Bretzenheim (1768-1786).  m (1784) MAXIMILIAN JOSEF Graf von Holnstein, son of --- (-1838). 

4.          KARL AUGUST (1768-1823).  Fürst von Bretzenheim.  m (1788) MARIA WALBURGA Pss von Oettingen-Spielberg, daughter of --- (1766-1833). 

-        FÜRSTEN von BRETZENHEIM

5.          ELEONORE Gräfin von Bretzenheim (1770-1832).  m (1787) WILHELM KARL Fürst von Leiningen, son of --- (-1809).  

6.          FRIEDERIKA Gräfin von Bretzenheim (1771-1816).  Fürstin-Äbtissin von Lindau.  m (1796) MAXIMILIAN Graf von Westerholt, son of --- (-1854).

 

 

 

 



[1] Arnold, B. (2003) Princes and territories in medieval Germany (Cambridge U. P.), pp. 125-8. 

[2] Bayley, C. C. (1949) The Formation of the German College of Electors in the mid-Thirteenth Century (Toronto), p. 206. 

[3] ES XVI 120B. 

[4] Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1773), Vol. III, Documenta, XXIV, p. 116. 

[5] Wirtembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band III (Stuttgart, 1871) ("Württembergisches Urkundenbuch"), Nachtrag, 6, p. 466. 

[6] Stumpf, K. F. (ed.) (1863) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Erzbisthums Mainz im zwölften Jahrhundert (Acta Maguntina Seculi XII) (Innsbruck) ("Mainz Urkunden 12th Century"), 41, p. 45. 

[7] MGH Const. Vol. I, 127, p. 181. 

[8] Bruch, H. (ed.) (1973) Chronologia Johannes de Beke (The Hague), 54b, p. 109, available at < http://www.inghist.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten /KroniekVanJohannesDeBekeTot1430/latijn> (31 Aug 2006). 

[9] Annales Sancti Disibodi (Continuatio) 1155, MGH SS XVII, p. 29. 

[10] Constitutio Ducatus Austriæ, MGH LL 2, p. 99. 

[11] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1156, MGH SS XVI, p. 21. 

[12] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band III, Nachtrag, 6, p. 466. 

[13] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 228, footnote 38 specifying that her husband was "Hermanno de Stahleck". 

[14] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 66, p. 68. 

[15] ES XVI 120B. 

[16] Gesta Friderici Imperatoris Ottonis Frisingensis I.21, MGH SS XX, p. 362. 

[17] Burchardi et Cuonradi Urspergensium Chronicon, MGH SS XXIII, p. 345. 

[18] Schoettgen, C., & Kreysig, G. C. (1760) Diplomataria et Scriptores Historiæ Germanicæ Medii Aevi (Altenburg), Tome III, D III, p. 532. 

[19] Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 396-7. 

[20] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), p. 196. 

[21] Fuhrmann, H., trans. Reuter, T. (1995) Germany in the high middle ages c.1050-1200 (Cambridge University Press), p. 182. 

[22] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 

[23] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 

[24] Chronicon Montis Serreni 1195, MGH SS XXIII, p. 166. 

[25] Jordan (1986), p. 183. 

[26] Jordan (1986), pp. 192-4. 

[27] Jordan (1986), p. 197. 

[28] Libro Memoriarum Sancti Blasii, MGH SS XXIV, p. 825. 

[29] Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 397. 

[30] Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 396-7. 

[31] Jordan (1986), p. 196. 

[32] Fuhrmann (1995), p. 182. 

[33] Annales Stadenses 1204, MGH SS XVI, p. 354.  

[34] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 

[35] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230. 

[36] Chronicon Sancti Michaelis Luneburgensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 397. 

[37] Necrologia Saeldentalense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 473. 

[38] Oude Kronik van Brabant, Codex Diplomaticus Neerlandicus, Second Series (Utrecht 1855), deerde deel, Part 1, p. 62. 

[39] Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Heredum Franciæ 7, MGH SS XXV, p. 390. 

[40] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 65b, p. 163. 

[41] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 69b, p. 183. 

[42] Annales Stadenses 1202, MGH SS XVI, p. 353.  

[43] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1235, MGH SS XVII, p. 393. 

[44] Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ et Agnetis Ducissæ, MGH SS XVII, p. 376. 

[45] Schoepflin, J. D. (1765) Historia Zaringo Badensis, Tome V, Codex Diplomaticus (Karlsruhe) ("Zaringo Badensis Codex"), CXVI, p. 207. 

[46] Mone, F. J. (1848) Quellensammlung der badische Landesgeschichte (Karlsruhe) ("Badische Quellensammlung"), Band I, Chronik von Lichtenthal, p. 194. 

[47] Notæ Sancti Emeranni, MGH SS XVII, p. 574. 

[48] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1229, MGH SS XVII, p. 391. 

[49] Necrologium Fürstenfeldense, Freising Necrologies, p. 97. 

[50] Necrologium Weltenburgense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 369. 

[51] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 

[52] Chounradi, Chronicon Schirense 21, MGH SS XVII, p. 621. 

[53] Huillard-Bréholles, J. L. A. (1852) Historia diplomatica Friderici Secundi (Paris), Tome I, Part I, p. 317, and Wittmann, F. M. (ed.) (1857) Monumenta Wittelsbacensia, Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte des Hauses Wittelsbach, Erste Abteilung, Quellen zur bayerisches und deutschen Geschichte, Band V (Munich) ("Wittelsbach Urkundenbuch, I"), 6, p. 19

[54] Huillard-Bréholles (1852), Tome I, Part I, p. 346. 

[55] Huillard-Bréholles (1852), Tome I, Part II, p. 365. 

[56] He called himself Ludwig IV as Emperor, although he was in fact the fifth Emperor Ludwig.

[57] Annales Basileenses 1274, MGH SS XVII, p. 196. 

[58] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[59] Eberhardi Archidiaconi Ratisponensis Annales 1294, MGH SS XVII, p. 594. 

[60] Necrologium Fürstenfeldense, Freising Necrologies, p. 97. 

[61] Leidinger, G. (1903) Andreas von Regensburg sämtliche Werke (Munich), (Bayerischen Quellen, Neue Folge, Band I), Chronica pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum, p. 91. 

[62] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[63] Chronicon Elwacense 1294, MGH SS X, p. 38.  

[64] Chronica de Gestis Principum, Fontes rerum Germanicarum, Vol. I, p. 30. 

[65] Boehmer, J. F. (1868) Fontes Rerum Germanicarum, Band IV (Stuttgart), Matthias Nuewenburgensis, p. 167. 

[66] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[67] Bayerischen Quellen, Neue Folge (1903), Band I, Chronica pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum, p. 91. 

[68] Matthias Nuewenburgensis, p. 191. 

[69] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[70] Matthias Nuewenburgensis, Fontes rerum Germanicarum, Vol. IV, p. 260. 

[71] Matthias Nuewenburgensis, p. 167. 

[72] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[73] Bayerischen Quellen, Neue Folge (1903), Band I, Chronica pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum, p. 91. 

[74] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[75] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 

[76] Winkelmann, E., Koch, A. & Wille, J. (1894) Regesten der Pfalzgrafen am Rhein 1214-1508, Band I 1214-1400 (Innsbruck) ("Pfalzgrafen Regesten") 2295, p. 138. 

[77] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, p. 349. 

[78] Boehmer, J. F. (1868) Fontes Rerum Germanicarum, Band IV (Stuttgart), Henricus Dapifer de Diessenhoven 1316-1361, p. 73. 

[79] Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon Ecclesiæ Pragensis, Caput XIV, Scriptores Rerum Bohemicarum, Tomus II, pp. 357-8. 

[80] Pfalzgrafen Regesten, 3354, p. 199, citing Karlsruhe Copialbuch 463, 42v. 

[81] Pfalzgrafen Regesten, 3403, p. 203, quoting Karlsruhe Copialbuch 464, 7. 

[82] Matthias Nuewenburgensis, p. 167. 

[83] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[84] Bayerischen Quellen, Neue Folge (1903), Band I, Chronica pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum, p. 91. 

[85] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Totenbuch von Neustadt, Bl. 15 a. 

[86] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Totenbuch von Neustadt, Bl. 33 a. 

[87] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[88] Lacomblet, T. J. (ed.) (1853) Urkundenbuch für die Geschichte des Niederrheins, Band III (Düsseldorf) ("Niederrheins Urkundenbuch"), 893, p. 786. 

[89] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Totenbuch von Neustadt, Bl. 40 a. 

[90] Pfalzgrafen Regesten, 2850, p. 172, quoting Karlsruhe Copialbuch 462, 13, 462,39. 

[91] Pfalzgrafen Regesten, 3096, p. 185, quoting Karlsruhe Copialbuch 462, 56. 

[92] Pfalzgrafen Regesten, 3071, p. 184, quoting Karlsruhe Copialbuch 462, 16. 

[93] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 

[94] Matthias Nuewenburgensis, Fontes rerum Germanicarum, Vol. IV, p. 260. 

[95] Leuschner, J. (1980) Germany in the Late Middle Ages (North Holland Publishing Company), p. 159. 

[96] Matthias Nuewenburgensis, Fontes rerum Germanicarum, Vol. IV, p. 260. 

[97] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 220, quoting Totenbuch von Neustadt, Bl. 59 b. 

[98] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Band III, 639, p. 538. 

[99] Bayerischen Quellen, Neue Folge (1903), Band I, Chronica pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum, p. 91. 

[100] Bayerischen Quellen, Neue Folge (1903), Band I, Chronica pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum, p. 91. 

[101] Leuschner (1980), p. 184. 

[102] Leuschner (1980), p. 184. 

[103] Bayerischen Quellen, Neue Folge (1903), Band I, Chronica pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum, p. 123. 

[104] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Handschrift zu Zürich, C. 35, fol. 113. 

[105] Bayerischen Quellen, Neue Folge (1903), Band I, Chronica pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum, p. 123. 

[106] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Handschrift zu Zürich, C. 35, fol. 113. 

[107] Calmet, A. (1728) Histoire ecclésiastique et civile de Lorraine (Nancy), Tome I, Preuves, col. 578. 

[108] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Handschrift zu Zürich, C. 35, fol. 113. 

[109] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 

[110] Necrologium Wiltinense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 60. 

[111] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Handschrift zu Zürich, C. 35, fol. 113. 

[112] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Handschrift zu Zürich, C. 35, fol. 113. 

[113] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Handschrift zu Zürich, C. 35, fol. 113. 

[114] Badische Quellensammlung, Band I, p. 221, quoting Handschrift zu Zürich, C. 35, fol. 113. 

[115] Thompson, E. M. (1904) Chronicon Adæ de Usk 1377-1421, 2nd edn (London) (“Chronicon Adæ de Usk”), p. 85. 

[116] Rymer, T. (1740) Fœdera, Conventiones, Literæ 3rd Edn (London), Tome III, Pars IV, p. 197. 

[117] State Archives, volume 102, page 81, fascicule 2, and Guichenon, S. (1780) Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie (Turin) ("Guichenon (Savoie)"), Tome IV, Preuves, p. 128. 

[118] Who was hanged in 1449 for malversation (Huberty, M. (1985) L´Allemagne Dynastique, Tome IV, p. 43 footnote note 40).

[119] State Archives, volume 102, page 97.2, fascicule 2, and Guichenon (Savoie), Tome IV, Preuves, p. 347. 

[120] Necrologia Aldersbacensia, Passau Necrologies I, p. 4. 

[121] Necrologia Saeldentalense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 473. 

[122] Freher, M. (ed.) (1601) Johannis Trithemii Spanheimensis, Opera Historica (Frankfurt), Tome II, Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 245. 

[123] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 245. 

[124] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 245. 

[125] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 237. 

[126] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 356, p. 413. 

[127] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I, 375, p. 432. 

[128] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Band I, 244, p. 157. 

[129] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 237. 

[130] Gudenus, V. F. de (1743) Codex Diplomaticus Moguntiaca (Goettingen), Tome I, XXIX, p. 73

[131] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 237. 

[132] Codex diplomaticus Nassoicus, Band I, Part 1, 170, p. 99. 

[133] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 239. 

[134] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 240. 

[135] Schaffhausen, Rheinau und Muri: Schaffausen Allerheiligen, 64, p. 108. 

[136] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, XXIX, p. 73

[137] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, XXXIII, p. 89

[138] Hontheim, J. N. von (1750) Historia Trevirensis Diplomatica et Pragmatica, Tome I ("Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim)"), Tome I, CCCXLIII, p. 516. 

[139] Codex diplomaticus Nassoicus, Band I, Part 1, 188, p. 128. 

[140] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 237. 

[141] Viellard, L. (1884) Documents et mémoire pour server à l´histoire du territoire de Belfort (Besançon), 153, p. 205. 

[142] Schaffhausen, Rheinau und Muri: Schaffausen Allerheiligen, 64, p. 108. 

[143] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, XXXIII, p. 89

[144] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95. 

[145] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCLVII, p. 532. 

[146] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 252. 

[147] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 237. 

[148] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 239. 

[149] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 237. 

[150] Chronica Cœnobii Spanheimensis, p. 239. 

[151] Annales Brunwilarenes 1137, MGH SS II, p. 216. 

[152] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, XXIX, p. 73

[153] Annales Sancti Disibodi, MGH SS XVII, p. 25. 

[154] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCLVII, p. 532. 

[155] Annales Sancti Disibodi (Continuatio) 1155, MGH SS XVII, p. 29. 

[156] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), IV, p. 250. 

[157] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil I, 217, p. 452. 

[158] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), IV, p. 250. 

[159] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, CXIV, p. 312

[160] Köln Quellen, Band I, 108, p. 603. 

[161] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 136, p. 178. 

[162] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCCXXXIX, p. 629. 

[163] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 168, p. 211. 

[164] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), IV, p. 250. 

[165] Köln Quellen, Band I, 108, p. 603. 

[166] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCCXXXIX, p. 629. 

[167] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 168, p. 211. 

[168] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), IV, p. 250. 

[169] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 96, p. 133. 

[170] Köln Quellen, Band I, 108, p. 603. 

[171] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCCXXXIX, p. 629. 

[172] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 168, p. 211. 

[173] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 189, p. 228. 

[174] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 201, p. 237. 

[175] Speyer Urkundenbuch 152, p. 167. 

[176] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 84, p. 84. 

[177] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Band II, 571, p. 332. 

[178] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 172, p. 280. 

[179] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 106, p. 104. 

[180] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), V, p. 252. 

[181] Annales Wormatienses 1249, MGH SS XVII, p. 51. 

[182] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 178.7, p. 288. 

[183] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), VI, p. 253. 

[184] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Band II, 316, p. 164. 

[185] Kelleter, H. (ed.) (1904) Urkundunbücher der geistlichen Stiftungen des Niederrheins, I, Stift Kaiserswerth (Bonn) ("Kaiserswerth"), 48, p. 64. 

[186] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), VI, p. 253. 

[187] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Band II, 316, p. 164. 

[188] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), VI, p. 253. 

[189] Niederrheins Urkundenbuch, Band II, 316, p. 164. 

[190] Urkundenbuch der Graffschaft Sponheim (1835), IX, p. 259. 

[191] Kremer (1769), Band I, Urkunden Heinsberg, I, p. 3. 

[192] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 178.2, p. 286. 

[193] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 690, p. 524. 

[194] Kremer (1769), Band I, Urkunden Heinsberg, I, p. 3. 

[195] Codex diplomaticus Rheno-Mosellanus, Theil II, 178.2, p. 286. 

[196] Kremer, C. J. (1781) Academische Beiträge zur Jülch- und Bergischen Geschichte, Band III Geschichte der Grafen von Gülch, Urkunden zur Gülch- und Bergischen Geschichte (Mannheim) ("Kremer (1781), Band III, Urkunden Jülich"), Urkunden Jülich, CXXXIII, p. 150. 

[197] Kremer (1758), Zweites Stück, Urkunden, VII, p. 232. 

[198] Kremer (1758), Zweites Stück, Urkunden, V, p. 217. 

[199] Otterberg, 230, p. 172. 

[200] Otterberg, 248, p. 190. 

[201] Otterberg, 256, p. 198. 

[202] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, CCXXXVI, p. 166. 

[203] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, CCXLIV, p. 174. 

[204] Kremer (1758), Zweites Stück, Urkunden, XX, p. 267. 

[205] Rheinlande Vatikanischen, Band II, 1637, p. 217. 

[206] Rheinlande Vatikanischen, Band II, 1879, p. 320. 

[207] Rheinlande Vatikanischen, Band II, 1880, p. 320. 

[208] Kremer (1756), Erstes Stück, Urkunden, III, p. 242. 

[209] Kremer (1781), Band III, Urkunden Jülich, CXXXIII, p. 150. 

[210] Kremer (1758), Zweites Stück, Urkunden, VII, p. 232. 

[211] Kremer (1758), Zweites Stück, Urkunden, V, p. 217. 

[212] Kremer, J. M. (1785) Genealogische Geschichte des altern ardennischen Geschlechts, Codex Diplomaticus (Frankfurt) ("Ardennisches Geschlecht Codex"), VI, Documenta Liningensia, VII, p. 252. 

[213] Kremer (1758), Zweites Stück, Urkunden, VII, p. 232. 

[214] Ardennisches Geschlecht Codex, VI, Documenta Liningensia, VII, p. 252. 

[215] Ardennisches Geschlecht Codex, VI, Documenta Liningensia, VIII, p. 253. 

[216] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, Anhang, CCCLXXVII, p. 293. 

[217] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, CXCVIII, p. 133. 

[218] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, CXCVIII, p. 133. 

[219] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, CXCVIII, p. 133. 

[220] Rheinlande Vatikanischen, Band II, 1990, p. 384. 

[221] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, CXCVIII, p. 133. 

[222] Rheinlande Vatikanischen, Band III, 184, p. 74. 

[223] Die Limburger Chronik, 2, MGH Deutsche Chroniken, Band IV (Hannover, 1883), p. 26. 

[224] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, Anhang, CCCLXXVII, p. 293. 

[225] Sauerland, H. V. (1902) Urkunden und Regesten zur Geschichte der Rheinlande aus dem vatikanischen Archiv (Bonn) (“Rheinlande Vatikanischen”), Band I, 43, p. 20 

[226] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, Anhang, CCCLXXVII, p. 293. 

[227] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, Anhang, CCCLXXVII, p. 293. 

[228] Katzenelnbogisches Urkundenbuch, Anhang, CCCLXXVII, p. 293. 

[229] Gudenus (1751), Tome III, LXXXV, p. 1139. 

[230] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, XIII, p. 300. 

[231] Croll, G. C. ´Vorlesung von dem ersten Geschlecht der alten Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, pp. 241-305, 258. 

[232] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 13, MGH SS X, p. 499. 

[233] MGH Diplomata, Tome X, Pars I, DD F I, 149, p. 252. 

[234] Kaufungen, Band I, 20, p. 26. 

[235] Codex diplomaticus Nassoicus, Band I, Part 1, 169, p. 98. 

[236] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, XXXII, p. 84

[237] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, XXXVII, p. 98

[238] Hontheim, J. N. von (1750) Historia Trevirensis Diplomatica et Pragmatica, Tome I ("Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim)"), CCCXLIII, p. 516. 

[239] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCLVII, p. 532. 

[240] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 7, MGH SS XXIV, p. 821. 

[241] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1065, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 523. 

[242] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1141, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 535. 

[243] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1065, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 523. 

[244] Kaufungen, Band I, 20, p. 26. 

[245] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCXLIII, p. 516. 

[246] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCLVII, p. 532. 

[247] Codex diplomaticus Nassoicus, Band I, Part 1, 211, p. 148. 

[248] Trier Diplomatica (Hontheim), Tome I, CCCLXXIII, p. 554. 

[249] Schannat, J. F. (1734) Historiæ Episcopatus Wormatiensis, Tome II, Codex Probationem (Frankfurt) ("Worms Codex (1734) Tome II"), LXXXV, p. 78. 

[250] Codex diplomaticus Nassoicus, Band I, Part 1, 259, p. 189. 

[251] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, p. 266, citation reference unclear. 

[252] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, p. 266, citation reference unclear. 

[253] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, CXI, p. 302

[254] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, CXIV, p. 312

[255] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch II, 209, p. 246. 

[256] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, I, p. 287. 

[257] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, II, p. 287. 

[258] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, III, p. 289. 

[259] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, IV, p. 290. 

[260] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, V, p. 291. 

[261] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, V, p. 291. 

[262] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 820, p. 613. 

[263] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, p. 272. 

[264] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, XV, p. 303. 

[265] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 820, p. 613. 

[266] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, VII, p. 293. 

[267] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, VIII, p. 293. 

[268] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, IX, p. 296. 

[269] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 1457, p. 1055. 

[270] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, VIII, p. 293. 

[271] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, XI, p. 298. 

[272] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, XIII, p. 300. 

[273] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, IX, p. 296. 

[274] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, pp. 282-6, source citations abbreviated and not obvious, table p. 286. 

[275] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, XV, p. 303. 

[276] Croll ´Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, XII, p. 299. 

[277] Poull (1991), p. 43, citing ‘Arch. Mthe et Mlle 5. 10, no. 2’. 

[278] Gudenus (1743), Tome I, CXIV, p. 312

[279] Ardennisches Geschlecht Codex, VII, Chartularium Saræpontanum, XXVIII, p. 312. 

[280] Marichal, P. (ed.) (1903-05) Cartulaire de l´évêché de Metz, Mettensia IV (Paris) ("Metz Evêché"), 5, p. 6. 

[281] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 260, p. 213. 

[282] Natalis de Wailly ‘Actes en langue vulgaire du XIIIe siècle dans la collection de Lorraine à la Bibliothèque Nationale’, Notices et Extraits des Manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale, Tome XXVIII, 2e partie (Paris, 1878), 6, p. 18. 

[283] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 271, p. 222. 

[284] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 271, p. 222. 

[285] Natalis de Wailly ‘Actes en langue vulgaire Lorraine’ (1878), Tome XXVIII, 2e partie, 6, p. 18. 

[286] Croll, G. C. (1755) Genealogia Veterum Comitum Geminipontis ex Diplomatibus (Zweibrücken), VIII, p. 5. 

[287] Wirtembergisches Urkundenbuch, Band V (Stuttgart, 1889) ("Württembergisches Urkundenbuch"), 1464, p. 230. 

[288] Krieg von Hochfelden, G. H. (1836) Geschichte der Grafen von Eberstein in Schwaben, Urkundenbuch (Carlsruhe) ("Eberstein Urkundenbuch") IV, p. 362. 

[289] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 1457, p. 1055. 

[290] Croll (1755), VIII, p. 5. 

[291] Croll (1755), VII, p. 4. 

[292] Annales Sindelfingenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 302. 

[293] Annales Sindelfingenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 303. 

[294] Remling, F. X. (ed.) (1852) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte des Bischöfe zu Speyer (Mainz) (“Speyer Urkundenbuch“) 449, p. 418. 

[295] Speyer Urkundenbuch 489, p. 462. 

[296] Speyer Urkundenbuch 449, p. 418. 

[297] Speyer Urkundenbuch 449, p. 418. 

[298] Speyer Urkundenbuch 489, p. 462. 

[299] Croll (1755), VII, p. 4. 

[300] Croll (1755), VIII, p. 5. 

[301] Croll (1755), IX, p. 6. 

[302] Speyer Urkundenbuch 461, p. 434. 

[303] ES XVIII 148. 

[304] Croll (1755), VII, p. 4. 

[305] Croll (1755), VIII, p. 5. 

[306] Croll (1755), IX, p. 6. 

[307] Speyer Urkundenbuch 461, p. 434. 

[308] Fahne, A. (1858) Geschichte der Grafen jetzigen Fürsten zu Salm-Reifferscheid (Köln), Band II, 190, p. 124. 

[309] Mone, F. J. (1848) Quellensammlung der badische Landesgeschichte (Karlsruhe) ("Badische Quellensammlung"), Band I, Chronik von Lichtenthal, p. 193. 

[310] Lefebvre ‘Sires de Pierrefort’ (1902), Pièces justificatives, LXV, p. 481. 

[311] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch III, 1457, p. 1055. 

[312] Croll, G. C. ´Vorlesung von dem ersten Geschlecht der alten Graven von Veldenz´, Acta Academiæ Theodoro-Palatinæ (1770), Vol. II, Urkunde, VIII, p. 293. 

[313] Croll (1755), VII, p. 4. 

[314] ES III 226. 

[315] ES III 226. 

[316] Huberty Tome VI Baden p 37 footnote 19b.