PORTUGAL, kings

  v3.0 Updated 18 June 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                KINGS OF PORTUGAL 1113-1383 (BURGUNDY-CAPET) 2

Chapter 2.                KINGS OF PORTUGAL 1385-1580 (AVIZ) 53

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The region to the south of the river Minho was referred to as provincia Portucalense as early as 841, taking its name from the port of Cale on whose site the city of Oporto was later built.  It was established as a separate administrative territory by the kings of Asturias towards the end of the ninth century, with a governor ("dux") appointed for life by the crown.  The name Portugal is first found in a document of 883.  By the middle of 11th century, the office of dux was no longer being filled, the Kkng of Castile and León appointing local administrators ("meirinhos") to supplant the influence of the local aristocracy[1].  Under the division of territories decreed by Fernando I King of Castile and León after his death, the territory of Portugal was part of the kingdom of Galicia which fell to Fernando's youngest son García.  The local barons rebelled against his rule, and Galicia was invaded by García's brother Alfonso VI King of León who incorporated it into his territories.  The county of Portugal was established when King Alfonso's granted land to his son-in-law Henri de Bourgogne in [1096/97].  The new county of Portugal asserted its independence systematically over the subsequent decades.  Count Henri's widow Teresa adopted the title Queen of Portugal in 1117.  Her son Conde Afonso expelled Queen Teresa from Portugal in 1128 and proclaimed himself king of Portugal in 1139. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    KINGS OF PORTUGAL 1113-1383 (BURGUNDY-CAPET)

 

 

HENRI de Bourgogne, son of HENRI “le damoiseau” de Bourgogne [Capet] & his wife --- ([1069/72]-killed in battle Astorga, León 22 May 1112, bur Braga Cathedral).  "Heynricus frater meus" witnessed the donation to Cluny of "Oddo dux Burgundie"[2].  An indication of his age is given in the charter dated to [1081/84] under which "Odo dux Burgundie" confirmed a donation by "frater meus domnus Hugo" to the abbey of Molesme with the consent of "fratres mei Robertus archidiaconus, Henricus puer, Beatrix et Helia sorores mee"[3].  His parentage is confirmed by an early 12th century document at Fleury which records that "Ainrico uni filiorum, filio…ducis Roberti" married "alteram filiam…non ex coniugali" of Alfonso VI King of Castile[4].  His aunt Constance Queen of Castile invited him to the court of Castile.  He may have arrived in Spain with the expedition of the Eudes I Duke of Burgundy in 1086/87, following a call from the abbey of Cluny to fight "the infidel"[5].  Señor de Braga [1093], count in Tordesillas 1096/97.  He made a mutual pact [Dec 1094/Jul 1095] with Raymond de Bourgogne, husband of Infanta doña Urraca de Castilla, under which he promised support in securing Castile and León for Raymond in return for a pledge to grant him Toledo (or in default, Galicia)[6].  Alfonso VI King of Castile made him a large grant of land, from the River Minho in the north to Santarem in the south, in [1095/96], which in effect resulted in his installation as HENRIQUE Conde de Portugal.  “Comite Dono Henrico...cum uxore mea Infante Dona Taraxea” granted privileges to “Villa Constantin de Panonias”, confirmed by “Infans Dono Alfoso filius Henrici comiti et uxor mea Infante Dona Taraxia”, by charter dated 1096[7].  This grant may have been motivated as much by a desire to offset the growing power of his son-in-law, Raymond de Bourgogne, as to increase the power base of Henri de Bourgogne.  The dating clause of a charter dated 9 Oct 1096, under which "Pelayo Xemeniz" donated land “en Ville Ceide...” to the monastery of San Salvador, records “Sanxus comes in Toro et alius comes domino Ancricco in Auctario de Selles, comes Remundus tenente in Coria et in Zamora[8].  The dating clause of a charter dated 19 Jan 1097, under which "Brabolio Gutierrez" sold land “en territorio de León las villas Cubillas” to “Ordoño Sarraciniz y a su mujer Fronilde Ovéquiz”, records “comes Raimundus in Galicia et in Zamora, comes domno Enrriz in Otero de Sellas, comite Petro Ansurez in Saldania[9]Henrique established his residence at Guimarães, winning several battles against the Moors, although he was defeated at Malagón, south of Toledo, 16 Sep 1100[10].  "…Taraxia Adefonsi regis filia…Henrik comes…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[11].  “Comes domnus Henricus et uxor mea Domna Theresia, domini Regis Alfonsi filia” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire by charter dated Mar 1100[12].  He went to Palestine after 8 Jun 1101, but had returned by 1103 when he confirmed several of his father-in-law's charters[13].  After the death of Alfonso VI King of Castile in 1109, the county of Portugal enjoyed de facto independence, due largely to the troubles faced by Queen Urraca in Castile after her accession.  Henrique took advantage of this situation by joining forces with Alfonso I King of Aragon and defeating Urraca at Candespina, near Sepúlveda 26 Oct 1111.  However, he changed sides after the battle and besieged Alfonso at Peñafiel jointly with Urraca's forces.  The dating clause of the charter dated 21 Dec 1111, under which “Tello Telliz...cum coniuge mea Maior Suariz” donated "divisa...in villa...Oterolo iusta flumen Aratogie territorio Castro Froila...que fuit de Pelagio Pelaiz" to “Iohan Flainiz”, records “Henricus comes in Alcamora et in Astorica simul in Portugal...[14].  He was killed at the siege of Astorga, supporting doña Urraca Queen of Castile against her second husband don Alfonso I King of Aragon.  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death “Kal Mai” in 1152 (1114) of “Comes D. Henricus[15]The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Conde D. Enrique" died "en Astorga"[16]. 

m ([1095]) doña TERESA de Castilla y León, illegitimate daughter of ALFONSO VI King of Castile & his mistress Jimena Muñoz de Guzmán ([1081/82]-1 Nov 1130, bur Braga Cathedral).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Jimena Muñoz" as the first of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their daughters "Elvira the wife of count Raymond of Toulouse…and Teresa the wife of Count Henry"[17].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Mar 1143 under which her daughter Sancha Enríquez property in Trobajo del Cerecedo, which she inherited from "avia mea dompna Hensemena Muñiz…et de mater mea eius filia regina dompna Teresa", to the parents of Juan Albertino Bishop of León[18]The 13th century history of Sahagún monastery records that "el Rey D. Alonso…una hija…Teresa" married "un Conde…Enrique que venia de sangre Real de Francia"[19]An early 12th century document at Fleury records that "Ainrico uni filiorum, filio…ducis Roberti" married "alteram filiam…non ex coniugali" of Alfonso VI King of Castile[20].  “Comite Dono Henrico...cum uxore mea Infante Dona Taraxea” granted privileges to “Villa Constantin de Panonias”, confirmed by “Infans Dono Alfoso filius Henrici comiti et uxor mea Infante Dona Taraxia”, by charter dated 1096[21].  "…Taraxia Adefonsi regis filia…Henrik comes…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[22].  “Comes domnus Henricus et uxor mea Domna Theresia, domini Regis Alfonsi filia” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire by charter dated Mar 1100[23].  Regent of Portugal 1112-1128.  She continued her husband's expansionist policy, harrying her half-sister Queen Urraca at every opportunity, probably with a view to replacing her as Queen of Castile.  She adopted the title TERESA Queen of Portugal from Nov 1117.  She became the mistress (1124) of Fernando Pérez de Traba Conde de Trastámara, son of Pedro Froilaz de Traba & his first wife Urraca Froilaz, who appeared first as a confirmant of one of Teresa's charters 1 Feb 1121[24].  The Historia Compostelana records that “Fernando Perride, Petris Comitis filio” left his lawful wife and lived in adultery with “Regina Tarasia[25].  The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris records that Alfonso VII King of Castile met " Teresa queen of the Portuguese and with Count Fernando" at Ricobayo and made peace with them after his accession in 1126[26].  "Tarasia regina domni Adefonsi Yspaniarum imperatoris filia" donated "monasterio Sancte Marie quod cognomento Viminerium" to Cluny by charter dated 23 May 1127, confirmed by "Infans Ildefonsus…Comes Fernandus…Comes Monio…Infanta Sancia"[27].  Her rule caused resentment among local leaders, and she and her second husband were defeated and expelled from Portugal in 1128 by her son dom Afonso Henriquez.  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death “Kal Nov” in 1168 (1130) of “Regina Donna Tarasia mater Donni Alfonsi…anno secundo regni[28]

Henrique & his wife had [seven] children:

1.         [AFONSO Henriques ([1095/1096]-before 1110, bur Braga Cathedral).  “Comite Dono Henrico...cum uxore mea Infante Dona Taraxea” granted privileges to “Villa Constantin de Panonias”, confirmed by “Infans Dono Alfoso filius Henrici comiti et uxor mea Infante Dona Taraxia”, by charter dated 1096[29].  It is possible that this document is misdated and that Afonso was born later, considering the likely birth date of his mother.  One possibility is that the document is misdated by more than 15 years and that the confirmant was in fact the same person as the future King Afonso I whose birth is dated to 1110 (see below).  It does appear inconsistent with usual naming patterns that the eldest son of Henrique and Teresa should be named after the boy´s maternal grandfather, although it is recognised that such patterns do not amount to hard and fast rules and that exceptions to the norm may have applied in the case of a particularly illustrious ancestor.] 

2.         URRACA Henriques ([1097/1105]-after 21 Sep 1161)The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Elvira and Afonso" as the children of Count Henrique & his wife[30].  "[Uere]mundus Petri" granted arras to "uxori mee infanti domne Orrache filie comitis domni Anrrich et regine domne Tarasie" by charter dated 25 Jul 1122, subscribed by "…comitissa domna Maior, comitissa domna Lupa, Munia Froilaz, Uisclauara Froilaz"[31].  "Ueremudus Petriz filius dompni comitis Petri Froyle et uxor mea infans dompna Urracha comitis Henriqui filia et regine Tharasie…cum filiis et filiabus nostris" refounded the monastery of San Pelayo de Genroso for "filie mee dompne Urrache Ueremundi" by charter dated 9 Oct 1138, subscribed by "…Domna Lupa comitissa Petri comitis filie"[32].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the rebellion in 1169 (1131) of “Vermudus Petri gener Reginæ Donnæ Tarasiæ…in Castello Sene” and that he was expelled by “Infans [Alfonso][33]The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Teresa hija de la Reina usurpada i del Conde D. Enrique" as the second wife of "D. Vermuiz Perez potestade de Trava"[34]A charter dated 21 Sep 1161 records the settlement of a dispute between "Domnus Ueremudus Petri…cum uxore mea infantissa domna Urracha et cum filiis et filiabus meis" and the monks of Tojos Outos, which records that "predictus domnus Ueremundus Petri" had become a monk "in monasterium Superaddi" and that "uxor…eius infantissa domna Urracha" had become a nun "in…monasterio de Nogueirosa", subscribed by "filia eius Urracha Uermuiz, Fernandus Ueremudi, Sudarius Ueremudi, Santia Ueremudi, Tarasia Ueremudi…"[35]m (before 25 Jul 1122) VERMUDO Pérez de Trava Conde de Trastámara, son of PEDRO Froilaz de Traba & his first wife Urraca Fróilaz (-Sobrado [1168]). 

3.         ELVIRA HenriquesThe Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Elvira and Afonso" as the children of Count Henrique and his wife[36]

4.         daughter Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by two charters of Afonso I King of Portugal dated Dec 1166 in which the son of Sancho Núñez, conde don Velasco Sánchez, is described as "filius sororis eius"[37].  This daughter may have been the same person as either Sancha or Teresa who are named below.  m [as his first wife,] SANCHO Núñez, son of conde NUÑO Velásquez & his wife condesa doña Fronilde Sánchez. 

5.         SANCHA Henriques (-after 1147).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Mar 1143 under which she donated property in Trobajo del Cerecedo, which she had inherited from "avia mea dompna Hensemena Muñiz…et de mater mea eius filia regina dompna Teresa", to the parents of Juan Albertino Bishop of León[38]Sousa says that Sancha married “D. Fernando Mendes, Rico-homem, Senhor de Bragança”, dying “sem successaõ”, but cites only Antonio Brandaõ´s 1632 Monarchia Lusitana and the Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos[39].  Brandaõ quotes a charter dated 1147 under which “Sancia reginæ Taresiæ ac comitis Henrici filia” donated “hum Casal em Saõ Pedro de Gostem” to Braga ”cum concilio mariti mei Fernandi Mendes[40].  The Nobiliario does not support Sousa´s statement at all: it records the wife of “D. Fernan Mendez el Bravo Bragançon” as “D. Teresa Alonso”, daughter of Afonso I King of Portugal by "D. Elvira Gualtar", adding that the king had separated Teresa from her previous husband “don Sancho Nuñez” with whom he had fought[41].   The Livro Velho does not name the wife of "D. Fernão Mendes o bravo" at all[42].  The mid-14th century Nobiliario and Livro Velho cannot be considered reliable sources for events which occurred more than 200 years earlier, in the absence of corroboration from earlier documents.  The Braga charter must therefore be preferred.  Barton, citing Mattoso, on the other hand names Sancha Henriques as the wife of Sancho Núñez (whose marriage to an unnamed daughter of Conde Henrique is confirmed above)[43].  As noted below under her possible sister Teresa, one solution to the problem would be if Sancha married both noblemen in turn, as reported by the Nobiliario, which would have merely mistaken her parentage and her name.  m [as his second wife,] FERNANDO Mendes “o Bravo” Senhor de Bragança de Langroiva e Noman (in Galicia), son of MENDO Fernández Senhor de Bragança & his wife ---.  

6.         [TERESA HenriquesThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Teresa Enriquez" as the daughter of "El Conde D. Enrique" and his wife "la Reina D. Teresa"[44]Sousa says that Teresa died “sem estado”, but adds that Antonio Brandaõ (writing in 1632) states that she could have been the wife of “D. Sancho Nunes de Barbosa[45].  Brandaõ cites no document in support of the statement, other than the Nobiliario´s report concerning the daughter, not sister, of King Afonso I who married in turn Sancho Núñez and Fernando Mendes (see above under her sister Sancha)[46]He also refers to one of the Dec 1166 charters of Afonso I King of Portugal, referred to above, in which Sancho´s son, conde don Velasco Sánchez, is described as "filius sororis eius"[47]As noted above, the mid-14th century Nobiliario can hardly be considered a reliable source for events which occurred more than two centuries earlier.  One solution to this confused situation may be that the same sister of King Alfonso I (presumably Sancha) married both noblemen, as reported by the Nobiliario, which merely mistook her parentage and her name.  If that is correct, it is possible that there never was a daughter of Conde Enrique who was named Teresa (although that does seem unlikely considering the name of Enrique´s wife).] 

7.         --- Henriquez (-[before 1110], bur Braga Cathedral).  Sousa refers to the Chronica do Conde D. Henrique which records the birth of a son (unnamed) who died young and was buried “em Braga[48]  

8.         AFONSO Henriquez (Guimaraes 25 Jul [1106/12]-Coimbra 6 Dec 1185, bur Coimbra, Church of the Cross).  The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Elvira and Afonso" as the children of Count Henrique & his wife[49].  He succeeded his father in 1112 as AFONSO I Conde de Portugal.  Ruling through his mother, he overthrew and expelled her from Portugal in 1128.  He proclaimed himself AFONSO I "the Conqueror" King of Portugal in 1139. 

-        see below

Henrique had [one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress]: 

9.          [PEDRO Afonso de PortugalSousa refers to the Chronica do Conde D. Henrique which records “D. Pedro Affonso” as illegitimate son of Conde Henrique by “huma mulher de qualidade[50].  However, if this information is correct, the patronymic “Affonso” makes little sense, especially as the use in the Iberian peninsula of “variable” patronymics, adopted from an illustrious ancestor not just the father, is not observed with frequency before the 13th century.  Sousa also notes that the same person was Maestre of the Order of Aviz.  However, the charter dated 1162, issued by the Cistercians to confirm the rules of the Order of Aviz, in the presence of regis Aldephonsi”, is subscribed by ...Petrus proles Regis Par Francorum et Magister novæ militiæ...[51].  The reference to “proles Regis” in this document suggests that Pedro´s father must have been King Afonso I and not Conde Henrique, who never adopted the royal title.  Until the emergence of more information, it is assumed that this person never existed and that he has been confused with the illegitimate son of King Afonso who was called Pedro (see below).  Sousa quotes an epitaph in Alcobaça which records the death 9 May 1175 of “Domnus Petrus Alphonsus Alcobatiæ monachus Alphonsi regis frater” and adding that his body was transferred to the monastery in 1293[52].  However, the epitaph itself says that it was placed in 1678, and it would not therefore be surprising if the inscription contained errors.

 

 

AFONSO Henriquez, son of HENRIQUE Conde de Portugal & his wife Teresa de Castilla y León (Guimaraes 25 Jul [1106/12]-Coimbra 6 Dec 1185, bur Coimbra, Church of the Cross)The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Elvira and Afonso" as the children of Count Henrique & his wife[53].  The year in which Afonso was born is uncertain.  Barbosa quotes a document dated “XVII Kal Oct” in 1173 which records the transfer of the body of San Vicente which states “Regni autem regis Alfonsi 45 vitæ vero eiusdem 67”, which would place his birth in 1106, and another document dated “era 1222” [1184] which records the death of “Rex Portugallensium doñus Alfonsus año vitæ suæ 78[54].  The former would place his birth in [1106], and the latter in [1107/08] assuming that Alfonso´s death can be dated to 1185.  Brandaõ quotes a breviary from Alcobaça which records the birth “era 1147” [1109] of “Aldefonsus primus rex Portugaliæ, filius comitis Henrici”, a manuscript about the works of San Fulgencio which records events in “era 1186 [1148]...37 ætatis annum et regni 19” [1110/11], and a historia dos Godos which records “era 1163 [1125] Infans Alfonsus Henrici comitis filius ætatis anno 14” [1111][55]The Chronicon Lusitanum records the birth in 1151 (1113) of “Infans Alfonsus Comitis Henrici et Reginæ D. Tarasiæ filius, Regis D. Alfonsi nepos[56], although a posthumous birth would probably have been noted.  As can be seen, the full range of years from 1106 to 1112 is covered by these various contradictory sources.  There appears no way of deciding which is more accurate than the others, although Brandaõ suggests that 1110 is correct.  He succeeded his father in 1112 as AFONSO I Conde de Portugal"…Infanta dna Sancia, Infans dns Adefonsus regis consanguineus…" subscribed the charter dated 13 Nov 1127 under which King Alfonso VII donated "el castillo de San Jorge en la Sierra del Pindo" to Santiago de Compostela[57]It is probable that the second subscriber was Afonso de Portugal.  Ruling through his mother, he overthrew and expelled her from Portugal in 1128.  In 1135 he refused to swear homage to Alfonso VII King of Castile, from that time using the title 'Prince of Portugal'.  He moved his capital to Coimbra.  In 1139 he won a notable victory against the Muslims in Santarem who were reduced to tributary status.  He proclaimed himself AFONSO I "the Conqueror" King of Portugal in 1139.  His establishment of the archbishopric of Braga gave Portugal ecclesiastical independence.  “Alfonsus, Portugaliæ rex, comitis Henrici et reginæ Theresiæ filius, magni quoque regis Alfonsi nepos…cum uxore mea regina donna Malfada, filia comitis Amedei de Moriana” confirmed donations to La Charité-sur-Loire by his father by charter dated Jul 1145[58].  He swore allegiance to the Pope, although Papal recognition of his title of king of Portugal was only given in 1179.  He expanded his territory to the south, capturing Lisbon in 1147 with the help of a force of English, French and Flemish crusaders[59].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records that "Aldefonsus" was buried "Coimbræ in Monasterio S. Crucis"[60].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death “VIII Id Dec” in [1185] of “Rex Ildefonsus Portugalensis[61]

m ([Jan/Jun] 1146) MATHILDE de Savoie, daughter of AMEDEE III Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie & his first wife Adélaïde --- ([1125]-Coimbra 4 Nov 1157, bur Coimbra, Church of the Cross).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "Aldefonsus rex Portugallie" as "filia comitis Sabaudie" but does not name her[62].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Aldefonsum" and "Mafaldam filiam Comitis Maurienæ"[63].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the marriage in 1183 (1145) of “Rex Donnus Alfonsus” and “Donnam Matildam, Comitis Amadæi de Moriana filiam”, adding that they had three sons, of whom two died young, and three daughters[64]Brandaõ quotes a charter of the king dated 1146 which records “anno...quo duxeramt Mahaldam” and a charter dated Jul 1146 in which he records a donation “cum uxore mea Regina Dona Mafalda[65]Her origin was evidently not widely known in Portugal, as a Chronica Breve records that King Alfonso I married "dona Maffalda Manrique, filha do conde dom Manrrique de Lara e senhor de Mollina e de dona Ermesenda filha do Almerique primeiro senhor de Barbona"[66].  She was known as dona MAFALDA in Portugal.  “Alfonsus, Portugaliæ rex, comitis Henrici et reginæ Theresiæ filius, magni quoque regis Alfonsi nepos…cum uxore mea regina donna Malfada, filia comitis Amedei de Moriana” confirmed donations to La Charité-sur-Loire by his father by charter dated Jul 1145[67].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death “III Non Dec” in 1196 (1158) of “Regina D. Matilda…Comitis Amadæi filia, uxor D. Alfonsi Portugallensium Regis[68]

Mistress (1): ELVIRA Gualtar, daughter of ---.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Elvira Gualtar" as the mother of "D. Urraca Alonso, D. Teresa Alonso" daughters of "D. Alonso Enriquez"[69]. 

King Afonso I & his wife had seven children:

1.         Infante dom HENRIQUE de Portugal (5 Mar 1147-[before 1156]).  Brandaõ quotes a manuscript about the works of San Fulgencio in the archives of Alcobaça which records the birth “III Non [Mar]” of “primogenitus...Henricus filius”, which from the context refers to March 1147[70] 

2.         Infanta dona MAFALDA de Portugal ([1149]-[1173/74])A Chronica Breve names "dona Mafalda" first among the daughters of King Afonso I, adding that she married "comde Reymon de Barcelona" (although this source is inaccurate in other details)[71]Betrothed ([30 Jan 1160]) to RAMÓN de Barcelona, Infante de Aragón, son of RAMÓN BERENGUER IV Conde de Barcelona & Petronilla Queen of Aragon (Villamayor del Valle, Huesca 1/25 Mar 1157-Perpignan 25 Apr 1195, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora), who succeeded his father in 1162 as Conde de Barcelona and his mother in 1174 as don ALFONSO II King of Aragon

3.         Infanta dona URRACA de Portugal ([1151]-Valladolid 16 Oct 1188)The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Urracam…et aliam filiam…Tarasia" as the children of "Aldefonsum" & his wife, specifying that Urraca married "Fernandi Regis Legionensis"[72].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records that “D. Orracam” daughter of “Rex Donnus Alfonsus” and his wife “Donnam Matildam, Comitis Amadæi de Moriana filiam” married “Regi Legionensium Donno Fernando”, adding in a later passage that they married in Aug 1209 (1171)[73].  The Crónica Latina records that “el rey Fernando” married “Urraca, hija de Alfonso rey de Portugal” but that they were related in the third degree of consanguinity[74].  "Regina Sancia comitis Raymundi et regine Urrache regia proles" donated an inn near Mucientes to Sahagún monastery by charter dated 15 Mar 1158, subscribed by "Regina Urracha de Asturias, Stephania Infantissa filia imperatoris…"[75].  The dating clause of a charter dated 13 Feb 1171 records "regnante Rege Donno F. in Legione, Galesia, Asturiis et Extrematus…cum uxore sua regina donna Urracha"[76].  Lucas de Tuy records that "Rex Fernandus" repudiated "uxorem suam Urracam filiam Regis Adefonsi, eo quod erat consanguinea eius propinquo gradu"[77]m ([May/Jun] 1165, repudiated [Feb 1171/1172]) as his first wife, FERNANDO II King of León, son of ALFONSO VII "el Emperador" King of Castile and León & his first wife Berenguela de Barcelona (1137-Benavente 22 Jan 1188, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor).

4.         Infanta dona SANCHA de Portugal ([1152/53]-14 Feb ----).  Sousa says that the necrology of Santa Cruz de Coimbra records the death “14 Feb” of “Infanta D. Sancha” daughter of King Afonso I but does not quote the original text or give the precise citation reference[78]

5.         Infante dom SANCHO Martino de Portugal (Coimbra 11 Nov 1154-Coimbra 26 Mar 1212, bur Coimbra, Church of the Cross).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Urracam…et aliam filiam…Tarasia" as the children of "Aldefonsum" & his wife[79].  He succeeded his father 1185 as SANCHO I “o Poblador” King of Portugal.   

-        see below

6.         Infante dom JOÃO ([1156]-25 Aug ----).  Brandaõ quotes the necrology of Santa Cruz de Coimbra which records the death “VIII Kal Sep” of “Ioannes infans donni Alfonsi regis Portugalliæ et donnæ Mafaldæ reginæ filius[80].   

7.         Infanta dona TERESA de Portugal ([1157]-drowned off Furnes, Flanders 6 May 1218, bur Abbaye de Clairvaux, Jura).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximene s names "Sancium et Urracam…et aliam filiam…Tarasia" as the children of "Aldefonsum" & his wife, specifying that Teresa married "Philippo Comiti Flandriæ et Hannoniæ" and died childless[81].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records that “D. Tarasiam” daughter of “Rex Donnus Alfonsus” and his wife “Donnam Matildam, Comitis Amadæi de Moriana filiam” married “Consuli Flandrensium D[82].  Known as TERESA from birth, she adopted the name MAFALDA in [1173/74] after the death of her older sister of that name, and was later known as MATHILDE.  Senhora de Montemayor el Viejo e Ourem.  The Flandria Generosa specifies that on her (first) marriage she was given "Insulam et Duacum et plures…villas…iacentes, Caslethuin, Watenes, Bergas, Burburgium, totamque maritimmam regionem"[83].  The Flandria Generosa names "Mathildis regine Portusequalis" as wife of Count Philippe, specifying that she arranged the repatriation of her husband's body to "Claramvallem"[84].  After the death of her husband, she received her widow's portion in southern and coastal Flanders but increased taxes so much that she provoked rebellions at Veurne [Furnes] and the castellany of Bourbourg[85].  A charter dated 1195 records an agreement between the French king and "M. regina comitissa Flandrie" which records that the latter promised not to remarry after separating from "Odone duce Burgundie"[86].  The Flandria Generosa records that she was "amita" of "Fernando filio regis Portusequalis" and instrumental in arranging his marriage to her first husband's great-niece Jeanne Ctss of Flanders[87].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1218 of "comitissa vetus de Flandria relicta comitis Philippi" and her burial next to her husband at Clairvaux[88].  She died when her carriage accidentally fell into a marsh near Furnes[89]m firstly (Aug 1183) as his second wife, PHILIPPE Count of Flanders, son of THIERRY I Count of Flanders & his second wife Sibylle d'Anjou (-Acre 1 Jul 1191, bur Abbaye de Clairvaux, Jura).  m secondly (1193, divorced on grounds of consanguinity 1195) as his first wife, EUDES III Duke of Burgundy, son of HUGUES III Duke of Burgundy & his first wife Alix de Lorraine (1166-Lyon 6 Jul 1218, bur Abbaye de Cîteaux).  

King Afonso I had [two] illegitimate children by Mistress (1):

8.          URRACA Afonso de Portugal .  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Elvira Gualtar" as the mother of "D. Urraca Alonso, D. Teresa Alonso" daughters of "D. Alonso Enriquez"[90].  The Livro Velho records that "Pero Affonso", son of "D. Moço Veegas", married "D. Urraca Affonso filha d´elrey D. Afonso o primeiro…e de Eluira Gualter"[91].  Salazar y Castro records her marriage, adding that she was the sister of Sancho II (presumably an error for Sancho I) King of Portugal and that the couple´s daughter married don Pedro Rodríguez Girón (see the document CASTILE NOBILITY)[92].  m PEDRO Afonso, son of AFONSO Egas "Moço" de Riba Douro & his wife doña Aldara [Ilduara] Pérez de Traba

9.          [TERESA Afonso de PortugalThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Elvira Gualtar" as the mother of "D. Urraca Alonso, D. Teresa Alonso" daughters of "D. Alonso Enriquez", and in a later passage records that “D. Fernan Mendez el Bravo Bragançon” married “D. Teresa Alonso”, adding that the king separated her from her previous husband “don Sancho Nuñez” with whom he had fought, and that she brought “la tierra de Bragança” to her second husband but that it reverted to the crown because she died childless[93].  As discussed more fully above, this passage echoes the marriages of the sisters of King Afonso I and is probably inaccurate as written.  It is not known whether this also means that the king´s illegitimate daughter named Teresa never existed.] 

King Afonso I had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

10.       FERNANDO Afonso de Portugal (-after Aug 1172).  The Livro Velho names "D. Fernando Affonso" as the son of King Alfonso I by "D. Chamoa", daughter of "el conde D. Gomes de Pombeiro" and his wife "filha del conde D. Pero Peres de Trava", and wife of "D. Payo Soares, filho de D. Soeiro Mendes o bom e de D. Gontroude Moniz que era filha del conde D. Monio de Biscaya"[94].  Brandaõ quotes a charter dated 1166 for Santa Cruz de Coimbra which records a donation confirmed by King Alfonso I and “Fernandus Alfonsi filius eius, Comes Velascus filius sororis eius...[95].  Alferes 1166-69.

11.       PEDRO Afonso de Portugal (-after May 1206, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  Maestre of the Order of Aviz: ...Petrus proles Regis Par Francorum et Magister novæ militiæ...” subscribed the charter dated 1162 issued by the Cistercians which confirmed the rules of the Order of Aviz, in the presence of regis Aldephonsi” donated “loco illo...Avis” to its monks by charter[96]Petrus Alfonsi filius magni regis Alfonsi Portugalliæ” donated property near “villa de Tomar” to the abbot of Alcobaça by charter dated May 1206[97].  Monk in monastery of Alcobaça 1206. 

12.       AFONSO Afonso de Portugal (-Santarem 1 Mar 1207, bur São João Santarem).  Brandaõ says that he was an illegitimate son of King Afonso I but does not quote the primary source which confirms this statement[98].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Knight of the Order of St John of Jerusalem 1194.  Grand Master of the Order of St John of Jerusalem 1202-04.  Sousa quotes an epitaph at São João de Santarem which records the deathEra 1235 Kal Mar” of “Alphonsus magister Hospitalis Hierusalem[99].

 

 

Infante dom SANCHO Martino de Portugal, son of AFONSO I King of Portugal & his wife Mathilde de Savoie (Coimbra 11 Nov 1154-Coimbra 26 Mar 1212, bur Coimbra, Church of the Cross).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancium et Urracam…et aliam filiam…Tarasia" as the children of "Aldefonsum" & his wife[100].  The Chronicon Lusitanum names “D. Martinus cognomento Sancius” as the only surviving son of “Rex Donnus Alfonsus” and his wife “Donnam Matildam, Comitis Amadæi de Moriana filiam”, specifying in a later passage that he was born “in nocte S. Martini”, hence his name, in 1192 (1154) when his father was 26 years old[101].  He succeeded his father in 1185 as SANCHO I “o Poblador” King of Portugal, and [of the Algarve].  “Sancius...Portugalensium Rex et uxor mea Dona Dulcia...cum filiis nostris Rege Domno Aldphonso et Rege Domno Petro et Rege Domno Fernando et filiabus nostris Regina Dona Therasia et Regina Domna Sancia” donated “paludem de Otta” to Alcobaça monastery by charter dated Mar “Era 1228” [1189 or 1190 if O.S.][102].  “Sancius...Portugalliæ et Algarb. Rex...cum uxore mea Regina D. Dulcia et filiis et filiabus meis” confirmed the privileges of the monastery of Grijó, for the love of “vassali nostri D. Alvari Martini qui...apud Sylvium interfectus est a Sarracenis”, by charter dated 27 Jul “Era 1228” [1190][103].  His reign was marked by institutional development, repopulation and founding of towns and the patronage of letters[104].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, appointed “filius meus Rex Donnus Alphonsus” as his heir and bequeathed property to “filius meus Infans Donnus Petrus...Infans Donnus Fernandus...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...Donnæ Mariæ Pelagii et filiis meis quos de illa habeo...D. Egidio Sancii filio meo quem de illa habeo...Roderico Sancii...Tarasiæ...Constanciæ Sancii...filiis meis quos habeo de Donna Maria Arias...Donno Martino Sancii filii meo quem habeo de illa...et Urracæ Sancii[105].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "rex Sancius bonus" was buried "in monasterio Sancte Crucis cum Regina Dulcia de Aragona uxore sua"[106].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records that "Sancius" was buried "Monasterio S. Crucis iuxta patrem"[107]

m (1175) Infanta doña DULCIA de Aragón, daughter of RAMÓN BERENGUER IV Conde de Barcelona & his wife Petronilla Queen of Aragon ([1160-Coimbra 1 Sep 1198, bur Church of the Cross Coimbra).  The "Corónicas" Navarras name (in order) "don Pedro…el rey don Alfonso, que ovo nombre Remón Belenguer et el conte don Pedro de Provença et el conte don Sancho et a la muller del rey don Sancho de Portugal" as the children of the "conte de Barçalona…en esta su muller [dona Peyronela]", stating that the first named Pedro died in Huesca[108]The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records the marriage of "unam filiam…Dulciam [=Raimundi Berengarii quarti]" and "Regi Sancio Portugallensi"[109].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Sancius" and "Dulcem filiam Raimundi Comitis Barcinonæ et Urracæ [error for Petronillæ] Aragonensis"[110].  The Chronicon Lusitanum records the marriage in 1212 (1174) of “Rex Sancius” and “filia D. Raymundi, Comitis de Barcinona Donna Dulcia, sorore Regis Aragonensium D. Alfonsi[111].  “Sancius...Portugalensium Rex et uxor mea Dona Dulcia...cum filiis nostris Rege Domno Aldphonso et Rege Domno Petro et Rege Domno Fernando et filiabus nostris Regina Dona Therasia et Regina Domna Sancia” donated “paludem de Otta” to Alcobaça monastery by charter dated Mar “Era 1228” [1189 or 1190 if O.S.][112].  “Sancius...Portugalliæ et Algarb. Rex...cum uxore mea Regina D. Dulcia et filiis et filiabus meis” confirmed the privileges of the monastery of Grijó, for the love of “vassali nostri D. Alvari Martini qui...apud Sylvium interfectus est a Sarracenis”, by charter dated 27 Jul “Era 1228” [1190][113].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "rex Sancius bonus" was buried "in monasterio Sancte Crucis cum Regina Dulcia de Aragona uxore sua"[114]

Mistress (1): MARÍA Ayres de Fornelos Señora de Villanova, daughter of AYRES Nuñez de Fornelos & his wife doña Mayor Pérez.  The Livro Velho names "D. Sueiro Ayres de Fornelos e D. Pedro Ayres e D. Maria Ayres" as the children of "Ayres Nunes de Fornelos" and his wife "D. Mor Peres a Prove", adding that Maria was the mistress of Sancho I King of Portugal and later married "D. Gil Vasques de Sovorosa" by whom she was mother of "D. Martim Gil o bom e D. Fernão Gil…e…D. Tereja Gil", specifying that Teresa was mistress "d´elrey de Leão"[115].  She later married as his first wife, Gil Vásquez de Soverosa.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Ayres de Fornelos" as the mother of "D. Martin Sanchez, D. Urraca Sanchez" children of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", specifying that they were born after his wife had died[116].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...filiis meis quos habeo de Donna Maria Arias...Donno Martino Sancii filii meo quem habeo de illa...et Urracæ Sancii[117]

Mistress (2): MARÍA Páez de Ribeira Señora de Villa del Conde, daughter of CAYO Monis Ossorio Ribeiro & his wife Urraca Vázquez de Veirao.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. " as the children of "D. " and his wife "D. ", adding in another passage that "Juan Fernandez el Bueno de Lima" married "D. Maria Paez Ribera" as his second wife, an earlier passage adding that "D. Maria Paez de Ribera" was the mother of "D. Gil Sanchez, D. Rodrigo Sanchez, D. Teresa Sanchez, D. Constança Sanchez" children of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal"[118].  Argote Molina names "doña Maria Perez de Ribera" as mother of "doña Teresa hija de el Rey don Sancho de Portugal" who married, as his second wife, "don Alonso Tellez"[119].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...Donnæ Mariæ Pelagii et filiis meis quos de illa habeo...D. Egidio Sancii filio meo quem de illa habeo...Roderico Sancii...Tarasiæ...Constanciæ Sancii...[120].  She later married as his second wife, Juan Fernández de Limia.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

King Sancho I & his wife had eleven children:

1.         Infanta dona TERESA de Portugal ([1176]-convent of Lorvano 18 Jun 1250, bur Lorvano)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Mafalda, D. Sancha…D. Blanca…D. Teresa…" as the daughters of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça"[121].  Sancius...Portugalensium Rex et uxor mea Dona Dulcia...cum filiis nostris Rege Domno Aldphonso et Rege Domno Petro et Rege Domno Fernando et filiabus nostris Regina Dona Therasia et Regina Domna Sancia” donated “paludem de Otta” to Alcobaça monastery by charter dated Mar “Era 1228” [1189 or 1190 if O.S.][122].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Tarasiam", other daughter of "Rex…Sancius", and "Aldefonso Regi Legionensi", specifying that the union was incestuous[123].  Nun at Lorvano 1200.  Co-founder of the Dominican convent at Coimbra.  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[124].  Beatified 23 Dec 1705 by Pope Clement XI[125]m (Guimarães 15 Feb 1191, separated 1195, annulled for consanguinity 1198) as his first wife, her first cousin, ALFONSO IX King of León, son of FERNANDO II King of León & his first wife Infanta dona Urraca de Portugal (Zamora 15 Aug 1171-Villanueva de Sarría 24 Sep 1230, bur Santiago de Compostela, Cathedral Santiago el Mayor).  He succeeded in 1217 as ALFONSO IX King of Castile, by right of his second wife and son. 

2.         Infanta dona SANCHA de Portugal ([1178]-convent of Lorvano 13 Mar 1229, bur Lorvano).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Mafalda, D. Sancha…D. Blanca…D. Teresa…" as the daughters of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça", adding that Sancha was "monja en Lorvan"[126].  Sancius...Portugalensium Rex et uxor mea Dona Dulcia...cum filiis nostris Rege Domno Aldphonso et Rege Domno Petro et Rege Domno Fernando et filiabus nostris Regina Dona Therasia et Regina Domna Sancia” donated “paludem de Otta” to Alcobaça monastery by charter dated Mar “Era 1228” [1189 or 1190 if O.S.][127].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[128].  Senhora de Alenquer.  Founded and became the first Abbess of the convent of Lorvano.  Beatified 23 Dec 1705.

3.         Infanta dona COSTANÇA de Portugal (Coimbra May 1182-convent of Lorvano 3 Aug 1202, bur Lorvano).  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth in May 1182 of “filia Regis Sancii et Reginæ Dñæ Dulciæ Dña Constantia[129]The necrology of São Salvador de Moreira records the death “III Non Aug” in 1202 of “Domna Constantia Infantula filia regis domni Sancii et reginæ domnæ Dulciæ[130]

4.         Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal (Coimbra 23 Apr 1185-Coimbra 25 Mar 1223, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça)The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “in die Sancti Georgii” in 1186 of “Rex Alfonsus filius Regis Sancii et Reginæ Dñæ Dulciæ[131].  “Sancius...Portugalensium Rex et uxor mea Dona Dulcia...cum filiis nostris Rege Domno Aldphonso et Rege Domno Petro et Rege Domno Fernando et filiabus nostris Regina Dona Therasia et Regina Domna Sancia” donated “paludem de Otta” to Alcobaça monastery by charter dated Mar “Era 1228” [1189 or 1190 if O.S.][132].  He succeeded his father in 1212 as AFONSO II "o Gordo" King of Portugal and the Algarve. 

-        see below

5.         Infante dom RAIMUNDO de Portugal ([1186 or after 1189]-9 Mar [1188 or before], bur Coimbra).  The necrology of Santa Cruz de Coimbra records the death “VII Id Mar” of “dominus Raimundus filius domini regis Sancii et reginæ donnæ Dulciæ[133].  He was presumably not alive in Mar 1189, the date of his father´s charter in which he is not named (see above).  It is probable that Raimundo was not his parents´ oldest son as naming the first son after his maternal grandfather was unusual.  If that is correct, the known dates of birth of his siblings indicate that Raimundo was born either in 1186 or after 1189. 

6.         Infante dom PEDRO de Portugal (Coimbra 23 Feb 1187-Mallorca 2 Jun 1258, bur Palma de Mallorca, San Francisco)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Sanchez, El Infante D. Pedro, El Infante D. Fernando Conde de Flandes, El Infante D. Enrique" as the sons of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça"[134].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “X Kal Apr” in 1187 of “Rex Dñs Petrus filius Regis Sancii et Reginæ Dñæ Dulciæ[135].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Petrum" as other son of "Rex…Sancius"[136].  “Sancius...Portugalensium Rex et uxor mea Dona Dulcia...cum filiis nostris Rege Domno Aldphonso et Rege Domno Petro et Rege Domno Fernando et filiabus nostris Regina Dona Therasia et Regina Domna Sancia” donated “paludem de Otta” to Alcobaça monastery by charter dated Mar “Era 1228” [1189 or 1190 if O.S.][137].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “filius meus Infans Donnus Petrus...Infans Donnus Fernandus...[138].  Mayordomo of Alfonso IX King of Leon 23 Sep 1223-18 Aug 1230[139].  Conde de Urgel de iure uxoris.  He was granted Mallorca as a fief for life in 1231 by Jaime I King of Aragon, in return for confirmation of the latter's title to the county of Urgel: “Infans D. Petrus” granted “comitatum Urgelli” to “Domino Jacobo...Regi Aragonum et Regni Maioricarum, Comiti Barchinonæ et Domini Montis Pelusani” in return for receiving “Regnum Maioricarum...et Insulam Minoricensem” from the king by charter dated 29 Sep 1231[140].  “Alfonsus, filius…regis Portugaliæ, comes Bolonie” recorded his agreements with “Thomam comitem et Johannam eius uxorem comitissam Flandrensem” by charter dated Nov 1241 which names “…patruus noster P. dominus regni Majoricarum…[141].  He lost Mallorca 1244.  m (Valls 15 Jul 1229) as her second husband, AUREMBIAIX Condesa de Urgel, formerly wife of ÁLVARO Pérez de Castro, daughter & heiress of ARMENGOL [VIII] Conde de Urgel & his wife Elvira Núñez de Lara ([1196][142]-Balaguer Aug 1231, bur Lérida, San Hilario).  "Aurembiax…conmitissa Urgelensi filia…Hermengaudi comitis Urgelensis et dominæ Alviræ matris nostræ…commitissimæ" swore allegiance to the Order of Santiago, referring to her contracts to marry "Petrum Infantem Portugaliæ" and "Iacobo…Rege Aragoniæ", by charter dated 6 May 1229[143].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Petrum", other son of "Rex…Sancius", and "filiam Argmengaudi Comitis Urgellensis"[144].  Infante dom Pedro had two illegitimate children by an unknown mistress:

a)         RODRIGO de Urgel “il Magistro” (-6 Mar---, bur Santa Cruz Coimbra).  Sousa states that “Manoel Alvares Pedrosa” records Rodrigo and Fernando as illegitimate children of dom Pedro, but does not provide a citation reference or any other details[145].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

b)         FERNANDO Pedro de Urgel (-22 Mar---, bur Santa Cruz Coimbra).  Sousa states that “Manoel Alvares Pedrosa” records Rodrigo and Fernando as illegitimate children of dom Pedro, but does not provide a citation reference or any other details[146].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

7.         Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal (24 Mar 1188-Noyon 4 Mar or 26 Jul 1233, bur Marquette near Lille)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Sanchez, El Infante D. Pedro, El Infante D. Fernando Conde de Flandes, El Infante D. Enrique" as the sons of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça"[147].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “IX Kal Apr” in 1188 of “Rex Fernandus filius Regis Sancii et Reginæ Dñæ Dulciæ[148].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Ferdinandum" as another son of "Rex…Sancius"[149].  “Sancius...Portugalensium Rex et uxor mea Dona Dulcia...cum filiis nostris Rege Domno Aldphonso et Rege Domno Petro et Rege Domno Fernando et filiabus nostris Regina Dona Therasia et Regina Domna Sancia” donated “paludem de Otta” to Alcobaça monastery by charter dated Mar “Era 1228” [1189 or 1190 if O.S.][150].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “filius meus Infans Donnus Petrus...Infans Donnus Fernandus...[151].  The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names "fratrem regis de Portigal, nomine Fernandum" husband of "Iohanna"[152].  He succeeded as FERRAND Count of Flanders and Hainaut in 1212, by right of his wife.  Although the protégé of Philippe II King of France, he exiled several prominent Francophiles after arriving in Flanders and opened negotiations with England.  He refused to participate in King Philippe's projected invasion of England in 1213.  The French army devastated Flanders in revenge, forcing Count Ferrand briefly to seek refuge in Zeeland.  He was captured at the battle of Bouvines 27 Jul 1214, and taken to Paris where he remained a prisoner[153].  He returned to Flanders in 1227 after payment of the ransom under the Treaty of Melun[154].  He founded the convent of Marquette near Lille.  The Continuatio Clarimariscensis records the death "1233 6 Kal Aug" of "Fernandus Flandriæ comes"[155].  The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1233 of "Ferrandus comes Flandrie et Haynonie" and his burial at "Merketo"[156].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1233 "apud Noviomum" of "comes Flandrie Fernandus" and his burial "iuxta Insulam"[157].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1233 of "Fernandus comes Flandrie" and his burial "in abbatia delle Marckete"[158]m (1 Jan 1212) as her first husband, JEANNE Ctss of Flanders and Hainaut, daughter of BAUDOUIN IX Count of Flanders [BAUDOUIN VI Comte de Hainaut], Emperor of Constantinople & his wife Marie de Champagne (Valenciennes 1200-Marquette near Lille 5 Dec 1244, bur Marquette).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Ferdinandum", other son of "Rex…Sancius", and "Flandriæ Comitissam"[159].  Infante dom Fernando & his wife had one child:

a)         Infanta dona MARIA de Portugal (1227 or after-after 1235)The Chronica Andrensis refers to "comes Flandrie Fernandus" leaving "filia parvula" when he died in 1233 but does not name her[160].  After her father's death, Louis IX King of France demanded that she be sent to Paris for her education[161].  The marriage contract between “J. comitissa Flandrie et Haonie…Mariam filiam nostram” and “Ludovicum regem Francie…Robertus frater ipsius domini regis” is dated Jun 1235[162].  “Alfonsus, filius…regis Portugaliæ, comes Bolonie” recorded his agreements with “Thomam comitem et Johannam eius uxorem comitissam Flandrensem” by charter dated Nov 1241 which names “quondam comes Ferrandus patruus noster et Johanna, quondam eius uxor…et Marie filie ipsius…[163]Betrothed ([1235]) to ROBERT de France, son of LOUIS VIII King of France & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Castilla (Sep 1216-killed in battle Mansurah, Egypt 9 Feb 1250).  He was invested as Comte d'Artois in 1237 by his brother Louis IX King of France.  

8.         Infante dom HENRIQUE de Portugal ([after Mar 1189]-8 Dec [1189 or after], bur Church of the Holy Cross Coimbra).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Sanchez, El Infante D. Pedro, El Infante D. Fernando Conde de Flandes, El Infante D. Enrique" as the sons of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça"[164]He was presumably born after, or only shortly before, his father´s charter dated Mar 1189 in which he is not named (see above).  Sousa says that the necrology of Santa Cruz de Coimbra records the death 8 Dec of Infante dom Henrique, but he does not quote the wording in the source or provide a citation reference[165]

9.         Infanta dona MAFALDA de Portugal (-Amarente, Rio Tinto 1 May 1256, bur Cistercian convent of Arouça)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Mafalda, D. Sancha…D. Blanca…D. Teresa…" as the daughters of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça", adding that Teresa was buried "en S. Cruz de Coimbra"[166].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[167].  She became Señora de Arouça after her separation from her husband.  Founder of, and a nun at, the Cistercian convent of Arouça near Lisbon.  The testament of “Regina Domna Mafalda”, dated 1256, chose burial “in monasterio de Arauca”, bequeathed property to “...Domnæ Orracæ Sancii sorori meæ...Domnæ Adaræ Petri...D. Majori Suerii...[et] filiam suam”, and appointed as her executors “Dominam Orracam Sancii sororem meam et Dominam Eldaram consanguineam meam...[168].  Beatified 27 Jun 1793 by Pope Pius VI[169]m (Burgos 1215 before 29 Aug, separated 1216 for consanguinity) ENRIQUE I King of Castile, son of ALFONSO VIII "el Noble" King of Castile & his wife Eleanor of England (Valladolid 14 Apr 1204-Palencia 6 Jun 1217, bur Las Huelgas, Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real). 

10.      Infanta dona BRANCA de Portugal (-Guadalajara 17 Nov 1240, bur Church of the Holy Cross Coimbra).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Mafalda, D. Sancha…D. Blanca…D. Teresa…" as the daughters of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça", adding that Blanca died "en Guadalaxara" and was buried "en S. Cruz de Coimbra"[170].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[171]Senhora de Guadalajara.  Co-founder of, and a nun at, the Dominican convent at Coimbra.  The testament of “Donna Constancia Sancii, Donni Sancii...quondam Regis Portugaliæ filiæ”, dated 15 Jul 1269, donated property for the souls of “fratris mei donni Roderici Sancii...Regina Donnæ Blancæ sororis meæ[172] 

11.      Infanta dona BERENGARIA de Portugal (-Ringsted 27 Mar 1221, bur Ringsted Church).  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...nepos meus Infans Donnus Fernandus...filiæ meæ Reginæ Donnæ Tharasiæ...Reginæ Donnæ Sanciæ...Reginæ Donna Maphalda...Reginæ Donnæ Blancæ...Reginæ Donnæ Bereng...Infanti Donnæ Dulciæ nepti meæ...Infanti D. S. nepti meæ...[173].  The Icelandic Annals record the marriage in 1214 of "Valdemarus rex Danorum" and "Berengariam Portugaliæ regis filiam"[174].  The Annales Ryenses record the marriage in 1214 of "rex Waldemarus secundus" and "Berengaria sorore Ferrandi comitis Flandriæ" specifying that she was known as "Bringrenila", and in a later passage her death in 1221[175].  “Waldemarus…Danorum Sclavorumque Rex” granted “insulam…Thund” to the church of “Arusiensis” by charter dated 23 Nov 1216, witnessed by “B. regina…[176].  The Icelandic Annals record the death in 1220 of "Berengaria Danorum regina"[177]m ([18/24] May 1214) as his second wife, VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conqueror" King of Denmark, son of VALDEMAR I "den Store/the Great" King of Denmark & his first wife Sofia Volodarovna of Novgorod [Rurikid] ([28 Jun] 1170-Vordingborg 28 Mar 1241, bur Ringsted Church).

King Sancho I had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1):

12.       MARTIM Sanches de Portugal (-[1260])The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Ayres de Fornelos" as the mother of "D. Martin Sanchez, D. Urraca Sanchez" children of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", specifying that they were born after his wife had died[178].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...filiis meis quos habeo de Donna Maria Arias...Donno Martino Sancii filii meo quem habeo de illa...et Urracæ Sancii[179]1st Conde de Trastámara.  Grand Justice Master of León.  Governor of León and Galicia.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos states that "D. Martin Sanchez" was "vassallo del Rey Don Alonso de Leon, i Adelantado de aquel Reino", adding that he opposed Afonso II King of Portugal when he invaded "Galicia en tierra de Limia"[180].  m ELA [Eulalia] Pérez de Castro Señora de Santa Olahla y Iscar, daughter of PEDRO Fernández de Castro & his wife Jimena Gomez.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alvaro Perez de Castro, D. Maria Perez, la Condesa D. Olalla Perez" as the children of "D. Pedro Fernandez de Castro llamado el Castellano", adding in another passage that "D. Martin Sanchez", son of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", married "la Condesa D. Olalla Perez" and that the couple was childless[181]. 

13.       URRACA Sanches de Portugal (-after 1256)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Ayres de Fornelos" as the mother of "D. Martin Sanchez, D. Urraca Sanchez" children of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", specifying that they were born after his wife had died[182].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...filiis meis quos habeo de Donna Maria Arias...Donno Martino Sancii filii meo quem habeo de illa...et Urracæ Sancii[183].  The Livro Velho records that "D. Lourenço Soares", son of "D. Sueiro Veegas filho de D. Egas Moniz de Riba do Douro", married "D. Urraca Sanches filha d´elrey D. Sancho o primeiro de Portugal e de D. Maria Ayres de Fornelos" but was childless[184].  The testament of “Regina Domna Mafalda”, dated 1256, chose burial “in monasterio de Arauca”, bequeathed property to “...Domnæ Orracæ Sancii sorori meæ...Domnæ Adaræ Petri...D. Majori Suerii...[et] filiam suam”, and appointed as her executors “Dominam Orracam Sancii sororem meam et Dominam Eldaram consanguineam meam...[185].  m LOURENÇO Soares de Riba Douro, son of SOEIRO Egas de Riba Douro & his wife Sancha Vermúdez de Traba (-after 1219).  Alférez of Alfonso IX King of Leon 20 May 1195 to 12 Feb 1196, and mayordomo mayor 13 Jan 1205-17 Dec 1205.  No issue[186]

King Sancho I had six illegitimate children by Mistress (2):

14.       NUNHO Sanches de Portugal (-16 Dec [1212 of after], bur Holy Cross Coimbra).  “...D. Nuno Sancii...” subscribed the charter dated 1 Jul “Era 1249” [probably misdated] under which Alphonsus filius regis D. Sancii et Reginæ D. Dulciæ et nepos regis D. Alphonsi...cum uxore mea regina D. Urraca et filio meo Infante D. Sancio” donated “loco illo...Avis” to its monks by charter[187]

15.       GIL Sanches de Portugal (-1236, bur Coimbra)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Paez de Ribera" as the mother of "D. Gil Sanchez, D. Rodrigo Sanchez, D. Teresa Sanchez, D. Constança Sanchez" children of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", specifying that they were born after their half-brothers and sisters[188].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...Donnæ Mariæ Pelagii et filiis meis quos de illa habeo...D. Egidio Sancii filio meo quem de illa habeo...Roderico Sancii...Tarasiæ...Constanciæ Sancii...[189].  m MARIA Garcia de Sousa, daughter of GARCIA Mendes de Sousa & his wife Elvira González.  The Livro Velho names "D. Mem Garcia e o conde D. Gonçalo Garcia e D. João Garcia o Pinto, e D. Fernam Garcia Esgarauanha, e D. Pedro Garcia Albouja, e Maria Garcia" as the children of "D. Garcia Mendes d´Eixo" and his wife, adding that Maria married "D. Gil Sanches filho delrey D. Sancho de gaança e de D. Maria Paes Ribeira"[190]. 

16.       RODRIGO Sanches de Portugal (killed in battle near Oporto 1245, bur monastery of Grijo).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Paez de Ribera" as the mother of "D. Gil Sanchez, D. Rodrigo Sanchez, D. Teresa Sanchez, D. Constança Sanchez" children of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", specifying that they were born after their half-brothers and sisters[191].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...Donnæ Mariæ Pelagii et filiis meis quos de illa habeo...D. Egidio Sancii filio meo quem de illa habeo...Roderico Sancii...Tarasiæ...Constanciæ Sancii...[192].  The testament of “Donna Constancia Sancii, Donni Sancii...quondam Regis Portugaliæ filiæ”, dated 15 Jul 1269, donated property for the souls of “fratris mei donni Roderici Sancii...Regina Donnæ Blancæ sororis meæ[193].   m ---.  The name of Rodrigo's wife is not known.  Rodrigo & his wife had one child: 

a)         AFONSO Rodrigues (-after 1294).  The testament of “Donna Constancia Sancii, Donni Sancii...quondam Regis Portugaliæ filiæ”, dated 15 Jul 1269, bequeathed property to “Tarasia Sugerii consobrina mea...sororibus meis Donne Mariæ Johannis et Donne Tarasie Johannis...Orracæ Johannis...Donno Dominico fratri Sanctæ Crucis...fratri Alphonso Roderici consubrino meo[...fratris Alphonsi Roderici nepotis mei]...[194].   Franciscan monk.

17.       TERESA Sanches de Portugal ([1190/1200]-1230)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Paez de Ribera" as the mother of "D. Gil Sanchez, D. Rodrigo Sanchez, D. Teresa Sanchez, D. Constança Sanchez" children of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", adding in a later passage that "D. Alonso Tellez el viejo" married secondly "D. Teresa Sanchez"[195].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...Donnæ Mariæ Pelagii et filiis meis quos de illa habeo...D. Egidio Sancii filio meo quem de illa habeo...Roderico Sancii...Tarasiæ...Constanciæ Sancii...[196].  "Donnus Adefonsus Telli et uxor mea donna Taresa Sancie" established the rules of the hospital of San Nicolás de Real Camino by charter dated 1225[197].  The testament of “Donna Constancia Sancii, Donni Sancii...quondam Regis Portugaliæ filiæ”, dated 15 Jul 1269, bequeathed property to “Tarasia Sugerii consobrina mea...consobrinis filiis Donne Tarasiæ Sancii sororis meæ...[198].   m ([1211/28 Jul 1212]) as his second wife, ALFONSO Téllez de Meneses d’Alta Señor de Alburquerque Señor de Meneses, son of TELLO Alfonso Señor de Cea & his wife Gontrodo García (-1230).

18.       COSTANÇA de Portugal (1204-Santa Cruz Coimbra 8 Aug 1269, bur Santa Cruz Coimbra).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria Paez de Ribera" as the mother of "D. Gil Sanchez, D. Rodrigo Sanchez, D. Teresa Sanchez, D. Constança Sanchez" children of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", specifying that they were born after their half-brothers and sisters and adding that Costança was buried "en Santa Cruz de Coimbra"[199].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, bequeathed property to “...Donnæ Mariæ Pelagii et filiis meis quos de illa habeo...D. Egidio Sancii filio meo quem de illa habeo...Roderico Sancii...Tarasiæ...Constanciæ Sancii...[200].  Nun at Santa Cruz at Coimbra.  The testament of “Donna Constancia Sancii, Donni Sancii...quondam Regis Portugaliæ filiæ”, dated 15 Jul 1269, requested burial in “Monasterio Sanctæ Crucis Colimbriens.”, donated property for the souls of “fratris mei donni Roderici Sancii...Regina Donnæ Blancæ sororis meæ”, bequeathed property to “Tarasia Sugerii consobrina mea...consobrinis filiis Donne Tarasiæ Sancii sororis meæ...sororibus meis Donne Mariæ Johannis et Donne Tarasie Johannis...Orracæ Johannis...A. Regi Portugaliæ...Donnæ Blancæ filiæ suæ...Donnæ Sanciæ filiæ suæ...Donno Dominico fratri Sanctæ Crucis...fratri Alphonso Roderici consubrino meo[...fratris Alphonsi Roderici nepotis mei]...”, and requested “Dnm Alphonsum...Regem Portugaliæ et dominam Beatricem reginam et filiam...regis Castellæ et dominum Dyonisium filium eorundem” to ensure performance of its terms[201].   “Tarasia Sugerii consobrina mea...Donno Dominico fratri Sanctæ Crucis...” have not yet been identified

19.       MAYOR Sanches de Portugal (-Santa Cruz Coimbra 27 Aug ----, bur Santa Cruz Coimbra).  Her absence from her father´s testament dated Oct 1209 suggests that she either died before that date or was born after that date.  Nun at Santa Cruz at Coimbra.  Sousa says that the necrology of Santa Cruz de Coimbra records the death 27 Aug of dona Mayor Sanches, but he does not quote the wording in the source or provide a citation reference[202].

 

 

Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal, son of SANCHO I "o Poblador" King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Dulcia de Aragón (Coimbra 23 Apr 1185-Coimbra 25 Mar 1223, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Sanchez, El Infante D. Pedro, El Infante D. Fernando Conde de Flandes, El Infante D. Enrique" as the sons of "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Aldonça"[203].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “in die Sancti Georgii” in 1186 of “Rex Alfonsus filius Regis Sancii et Reginæ Dñæ Dulciæ[204].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Aldefonsum" as the son of "Sancius" & his wife, specifying that he succeeded his father[205].  The testament of “Sancius...Portugaliæ Rex”, dated Oct 1209, appointed “filius meus Rex Donnus Alphonsus” as his heir[206].  He succeeded his father in 1212 as AFONSO II "o Gordo" King of Portugal and the Algarve.  “Alphonsus filius regis D. Sancii et Reginæ D. Dulciæ et nepos regis D. Alphonsi...cum uxore mea regina D. Urraca et filio meo Infante D. Sancio” donated “loco illo...Avis” to its monks by charter dated 1 Jul “Era 1249” [probably misdated][207].  “Alphonsus...Portugaliæ Rex...cum uxore mea Regina D. Urraca et filliis meis Infantibus Dono Sancio et Dono Alphonso et Dona Eleonor” granted property “in Ansede” to “Gunsalvo Gomes homini meo” by charter dated Jun 1217[208].  The testament of “Alphonsus...Portug. Rex”, dated Nov 1221, appointed “filius meus Infans D. Sancius quem habeo de Regina D. Urraca” as his heir, default to “maior filius quem cunq habuero de Regina D. Urraca...filia mea Infans D. Lianor, quam de ipsa Regina habeo[209].  He achieved the first systematic compilation of Portuguese law.  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Alfonsus" was buried "Alcobacie cum uxore sua domna Urraca filia regis Castelle domni Alfonsi"[210].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records that "Aldefonsus" was buried "in Monasterio Alcobatiæ"[211]

m (1206) Infanta doña URRACA de Castilla, daughter of ALFONSO VIII "el Noble" King of Castile & his wife Eleanor of England ([1186/28 May 1187]-Coimbra 3 Nov 1220, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa María de Alcobaça).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum qui iuvenis obiit et quinque sorores, prima Berengaria…secunda Urraca, tertia regina Francie, quarta Alienor, quinta Constantia monialis" as children of "sorore regis Anglie Richardi…Alienor…soror ex alio patre comitisse Marie Campaniensis", specifying that Urraca was "regina Portugalie"[212].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records that "Aldefonsum", son of "Sancius" & his wife, married "Urracam filiam Regis Castellæ…Aldefonsi"[213].  “Alphonsus filius regis D. Sancii et Reginæ D. Dulciæ et nepos regis D. Alphonsi...cum uxore mea regina D. Urraca et filio meo Infante D. Sancio” donated “loco illo...Avis” to its monks by charter dated 1 Jul “Era 1249” [probably misdated][214].  The testament of “Regina Portugaliæ Donna Urraca”, dated 31 Jul 1214, fearing her own death bequeathed half of her property to “viro meo Regi Domno Alphonso”, and made various religious donations[215].  “Alphonsus...Portugaliæ Rex...cum uxore mea Regina D. Urraca et filliis meis Infantibus Dono Sancio et Dono Alphonso et Dona Eleonor” granted property “in Ansede” to “Gunsalvo Gomes homini meo” by charter dated Jun 1217[216].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Alfonsus" was buried "Alcobacie cum uxore sua domna Urraca filia regis Castelle domni Alfonsi"[217]

Mistress (1): ---.  The name of King Afonso's mistress is not known. 

King Afonso II & his wife had five children:

1.         Infante dom SANCHO de Portugal (8 Nov 1207-Toledo 3 Jan 1248, bur Toledo Cathedral)The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancius Regem Portugalliæ successorem…Aldefonsum" as the sons of "Aldefonsum" & his wife[218].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Sancho, D. Alfonso, D. Fernando de Serpa" as the sons of "D. Alonso Sanchez Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Urraca"[219].  Alphonsus filius regis D. Sancii et Reginæ D. Dulciæ et nepos regis D. Alphonsi...cum uxore mea regina D. Urraca et filio meo Infante D. Sancio” donated “loco illo...Avis” to its monks by charter dated 1 Jul “Era 1249” [probably misdated][220].  “Alphonsus...Portugaliæ Rex...cum uxore mea Regina D. Urraca et filliis meis Infantibus Dono Sancio et Dono Alphonso et Dona Eleonor” granted property “in Ansede” to “Gunsalvo Gomes homini meo” by charter dated Jun 1217[221].  The testament of “Alphonsus...Portug. Rex”, dated Nov 1221, appointed “filius meus Infans D. Sancius quem habeo de Regina D. Urraca” as his heir, default to “maior filius quem cunq habuero de Regina D. Urraca...filia mea Infans D. Lianor, quam de ipsa Regina habeo[222].  He succeeded his father in 1223 as SANCHO II "o Capello" King of Portugal and the Algarve.  “Alfonsus, filius…regis Portugaliæ, comes Bolonie” recorded his agreements with “Thomam comitem et Johannam eius uxorem comitissam Flandrensem” by charter dated Nov 1241 which names “…Sancyus frater noster rex Portugalie…[223].  The first testament of “Sancius...Portug. Rex”, undated but presumably dated before his marriage as his wife is not mentioned, granted “meum Regnum” to “frater meus Infans D. Alphonsus” if he died childless and in default “soror mea Infans D. Lianor”, and made bequests to “fratri meo Infanti D. Fernando[224].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that the Portuguse church disapproved of the king´s marriage and complained to the Pope, who recommended his replacement by his brother"D. Sancho Rey de Portugal", that only the city of Coimbra resisted the change, and that eventually King Sancho left the kingdom and found refuge in Toledo where he died and was buried[225].  Pope Innocent III issued a bull dated 25 Jul 1246 deposing “Portugaliæ Rex[226].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Sanchium" left the kingdom, died "Era 1285" and was buried "Toleto"[227].  The second testament of “Sancius secundus...Rex Portug.”, dated 3 Jan 1248 at Toledo, chose burial “in Monasterio Alcubatiæ circa bonæ memoriæ patrem meum Regem D. Alphonsum et matrem meam Reginam Donam Urracam”, and made various bequests outside the family (but did not mention his wife)[228]m ([1246]) as her second husband, MENCÍA López de Haro, widow of ÁLVARO Pérez de Castro, daughter of LOPE Díaz de Haro “Cabeza brava” Señor de Vizcaya, Señor de Haro & his wife Urraca Alfonso de León (-1270, bur Najéra).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Diego Lopez, D. Sancho Lopez, D. Lope Lopez el Chico, A. Alonso Lopez, D. Mencia Lopez" as the children of "D. Lope Diaz…Cabeçabrava" and his wife "D. Urraca Alonso", an earlier passage recording that "D. Sancho Rey de Portugal" married "D. Mencia Lopez de Haro, hija de Lope Diaz Cabeça brava i de D. Urraca Alonso", and a later passage that "D. Alvaro Perez de Castro" married "D. Mencia Lopez" but was childless by her[229].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Sanchium" married "uxorem de uiliori genere…Eluiram Lupi" whom he abandoned and who afterwards married "coadiutor germanus suus"[230].  A Chronica Breve records that "el Rey dom Sancho…chamado capello" married "Micia Lopez"[231].   "Doña Mencía López de Haro reina de Portugal, mujer de Sancho II rey de dicho reino" donated "unas casas en Padiella, Abarca y Villa-Ramiro" to the Order of Calatrava by charter dated 22 May 1255[232]

2.         Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal (Coimbra 5 May 1210-Lisbon 18 Apr 1279, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça)The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancius Regem Portugalliæ successorem…Aldefonsum" as the sons of "Aldefonsum" & his wife[233].  Comte de Boulogne-sur-Mer 1238-1251.  Regent of Portugal 1245-1248.  He succeeded his brother 1248 as AFONSO III “o Restaurador” King of Portugal and the Algarve.    

-        see below

3.         Infanta dona LEONOR de Portugal (1211-28 Aug 1231, bur Ringsted Church).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Alienor" as daughter of "Aldefonsum" & his wife, specifying that she married "Regi Daciæ" but died childless[234].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Leonor muger del hijo del Rey Marces" as the daughter of "D. Alonso Sanchez Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Urraca"[235].  Alphonsus...Portugaliæ Rex...cum uxore mea Regina D. Urraca et filliis meis Infantibus Dono Sancio et Dono Alphonso et Dona Eleonor” granted property “in Ansede” to “Gunsalvo Gomes homini meo” by charter dated Jun 1217[236].  The testament of “Alphonsus...Portug. Rex”, dated Nov 1221, appointed “filius meus Infans D. Sancius quem habeo de Regina D. Urraca” as his heir, default to “maior filius quem cunq habuero de Regina D. Urraca...filia mea Infans D. Lianor, quam de ipsa Regina habeo[237].  The contract of marriage between “Waldemarus secundus…Danorum Sclavorumque rex…filius noster rex Waldemarus” and “domine A” is dated 25 Jun 1229, subscribed by “filius noster Kanutus dux Estonie, nepos noster Albert comes Orlemunde et dominus Alsie…[238].  The Annales Ryenses record the marriage "Ripis in festo beati Iohannis baptistæ" of "rex Waldemarus III" and "filia Portugaliæ Elienor" and in a later passage her death in 1231 "in parto"[239].  The Annales Stadenses record the death in 1231 of "uxor iunioris regis Daciæ"[240]m (Ribe 23/24 Jun 1229) VALDEMAR III "den Unge" joint King of Denmark, son of VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conqueror" King of Denmark & his first wife Dagmar [Margareta] of Bohemia (1209-Revsnæs near Kalundborg 28 Nov 1231, bur Ringsted Church).

4.         Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal (Summer 1217-19 Jan 1246)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Sancho, D. Alfonso, D. Fernando de Serpa" as the sons of "D. Alonso Sanchez Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Urraca"[241].  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Ferdinandum" as third son of "Aldefonsum" & his wife[242]Senhor de Serpa e Lamego 1223.  m (early 1242) SANCHA Fernández de Lara, daughter of FERNANDO Nuñez de Lara Señor de Castrogeriz & his wife Mayor ---.  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Ferdinandum", third son of "Aldefonsum" & his wife, and "Sanciam filiam Comitis Ferdinandi"[243]"Doña Sancha Fernández de Lara mujer de don Fernando infante de Portugal señor de Serpa y doña Teresa Fernández de Lara su hermana, mujer de Ponce Hugo conde de Ampurias, hijas del conde Fernando Núñez de Lara alférez mayor de Castilla y de su mujer la condesa doña Mayor García de Aza" donated property in Belorado to the bishop of Burgos by charter dated 27 Oct 1242[244]Infante dom Fernando & his wife had [one child]:

a)         [LEONOR de Portugal ([1244]-).  She is named in secondary sources.  It is likely that this represents a misreading of Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada´s Historia de rebus Hispaniæ, which names “Alienor” as the daughter of “Aldefonsum...” [King Afonso II], adding that she married “Regi Daciæ” but died childless[245]The reference is placed immediately after the mention of King Afonso´s son Fernando and his wife, and a cursory reading of the text could result in the mistaken impression that “Alienor” was their daughter not the daughter of the king, whose name occurs much earlier in the same passage.   It appears certain that there has therefore been confusion with King Afonso´s daughter Leonor who married the king of Denmark as shown above.  No other indication has been found that Fernando and his wife had a daughter named Leonor.  m --- King of Denmark.] 

5.         Infante dom VICENTE ([1219]-young, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He is not named either by Brandaõ or by Sousa. 

King Alfonso II had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):   

6.          JOÃO Afonso de Portugal (-9 Oct 1234, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  Brandaõ quotes an epitaph at Alcobaça which records the deathEra 1272 VII Id Oct” of “Ioannes Alfonsi filius...donni Alfonsi tertii regis Portugalliæ[246]

 

 

Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal, son of AFONSO II "o Gordo" King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Urraca de Castilla (Coimbra 5 May 1210-Lisbon 18 Apr 1279, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça)The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Sancius Regem Portugalliæ successorem…Aldefonsum" as the sons of "Aldefonsum" & his wife[247].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Sancho, D. Alfonso, D. Fernando de Serpa" as the sons of "D. Alonso Sanchez Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Urraca"[248].  Alphonsus...Portugaliæ Rex...cum uxore mea Regina D. Urraca et filliis meis Infantibus Dono Sancio et Dono Alphonso et Dona Eleonor” granted property “in Ansede” to “Gunsalvo Gomes homini meo” by charter dated Jun 1217[249].  Comte de Boulogne-sur-Mer 1238-1251.  “Alfonsus, filius…regis Portugaliæ, comes Bolonie” recorded his agreements with “Thomam comitem et Johannam eius uxorem comitissam Flandrensem” by charter dated Nov 1241 which names “quondam comes Ferrandus patruus noster et Johanna, quondam eius uxor…et Marie filie ipsius…patruus noster P. dominus regni Majoricarum, vel Sancyus frater noster rex Portugalie…M. comitissa Bolonie uxor nostra[250].  Regent of Portugal 1245-1248.  “Alphonsus comes Boloniæ et filius...Alphonsi Regis Portugalliæ” swore to govern “Regum Portugalliæ” by charter dated 7 Sep 1245 at Paris[251].  He succeeded his brother in 1248 as AFONSO III “o Restaurador” King of Portugal.  He reconquered the Algarve.  He summoned the first meeting of a three estate Portuguese Cortes at Leiria in 1254.  The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, chose burial “in Monasterio Alcobaciæ”, appointed “Dono Dionysio meo filio” as his successor, made bequests to “D. Blancæ filiæ meæ...D. Sanciæ filiæ meæ...D. Alienor, quam habeo de Elvira Stephani...Egidio Alphonsi filio meo...Martini Alphonsi filio meo...Alphonso filio meo, quem nutrivit Martinus Petri clericus meus”, and appointed among the executors “Reginam Beatricem uxorem meam...[252].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death “XIV Kal Mai” in 1279 of “Dñs Alfonsus…Rex tertius Portugalis[253].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Rex Alfonsus…comes Bolonie" was buried "Alcobacie cum uxore sua"[254].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" died "Era 1317" and was buried "en Alcobaça"[255]. 

m firstly (1235, divorced 1253) as her second husband, MATHILDE Ctss de Dammartin et de Boulogne, widow of PHILIPPE Tristan "Hurepel" de France, daughter and heiress of RENAUD Comte de Dammartin [en-Goële], de Mortain, de Varenne et d’Aumâle & his second wife Ide de Flandre Ctss de Boulogne (-[9 Oct 1261/8 Feb 1263]).  The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes records the marriage of "Aldefonsum", son of "Aldefonsum" & his wife, and "Matillam…de partibus Franciæ, Boloniæ Comitissam"[256].  The Chronica Andrensis names "Mathilde…filia…Reinaldi quondam comitis Bolonie" as the wife of "Philippus frater Ludovici regis Gallie"[257].  She succeeded in 1223 as Ctss de Dammartin and in 1227 as Ctss de Boulogne.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1240 under which "Aufonsus filius regis Portigalis comes Bolonie et Matildis uxor sua comitissa Bolonie" confirmed a donation by "Johanni de Bello Monte domini regis cambellano et Ysabelli Buticularie uxori sue"[258].  “Alfonsus, filius…regis Portugaliæ, comes Bolonie” recorded his agreements with “Thomam comitem et Johannam eius uxorem comitissam Flandrensem” by charter dated Nov 1241 which names “…M. comitissa Bolonie uxor nostra[259].  The testament of “Mathildis comitissa Boloniæ”, dated Mar 1241 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “marito meo Alphonso filio...Regis Portugaliæ comiti...Boloniæ” and appointed “ipsum comitem maritum meum, et...Robertum episcopum Belovacensem et...consanguineum meum dominum Matthæum de Tria...et dominum Philippum de Nantholio consanguineum meum” as her executors, with the approval of “Gualtherus de Cestellione et...Joanna eius uxor[260].  A charter dated Nov 1242 records a declaration by "Mathildis comtissa Bolonie…cum…marito nostro Alfonso filio…regis Portugalie comiti Bolonie" relating to her testament and names "Gaucherus de Castellione et Johanna filia nostra uxor eiusdem, heredes nostri"[261].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "comitissa Bolonie" was still alive when "rex Dionisius" was born (9 Oct 1261, see below), but had died before the birth of his brother Afonso (8 Feb 1263, see below), and it was therefore claimed that Diniz was illegitimate but Afonso legitimate[262]

m secondly (1253) BEATRIZ Alfonso, Señora de Alcocer, Salmerón y Vadesliras, illegitimate daughter of ALFONSO X "el Sabio" King of Castile & his mistress María [Mayor] Guillén de Guzmán (1242-27 Oct 1303, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  The Crónica del Rey Don Alfonso X names "doña Mayor Guillen…fija de don Pedro Guzman" as mother of King Alfonso X´s daughter "doña Beatriz, que fué casada con el rey don Alfonso de Portugal"[263]The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" married "D. Beatriz", who in an earlier passage is named as daughter of Alfonso X King of Castile by his wife Queen Violante[264].  The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, appointed among the executors “Reginam Beatricem uxorem meam...[265].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Rex Alfonsus…comes Bolonie" was buried "Alcobacie cum uxore sua"[266]

Mistress (1): MARIANA Pirez de Enxara, daughter of ---.  Brandaõ quotes a charter of King Afonso III who grantedherdamentum quod fuit Velasci Stephani...”, sold to him by “Martinus Alfonsus filius meus”, to “D. Alfonso filio meo et Marinæ Petri de Enxara”, dated 5 Jul 1278[267]

Mistress (2): MAGDALENA Gil, daughter of [ALVANDO Muniz & his wife ---].  The primary source which confirms her relationship with King Afonso has not yet been identified. 

Mistress (3): ELVIRA Estevez, daughter of ---.  The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, made bequests to “...D. Alienor, quam habeo de Elvira Stephani...[268]

King Afonso III & his first wife had [one child]:

1.         [son ([1240]-before Mar [1242]).  Sousa says that King Afonso had no children by his first wife “como uniformemente dizem quasi todos os Historiadores, naõ só Portuguezes mas Estrangeiros de boa nota” but adds that “Ruy de Pina na Chronica del Rey D. Affonso III” states (presumably incorrectly) that they had one son[269].  There is no mention of any children in the testament of Mathilde Ctss de Boulogne dated Mar 1241 or 1242 (see above).] 

King Afonso III & his second wife had seven children:

2.         Infanta dona BRANCA de Portugal (Guimaraes 25 Feb 1259-Burgos 17 Apr 1321, bur Huelgas monastery near Burgos).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Blanca" as the daughter of "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Beatriz", adding that she died "en las Huelgas de Burgos, de que fue señora" and was buried there[270].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “V Kal Mar” in 1229 (error for 1259, judging from the chronology of the text) of “Donna Branca filia Regis Domni Alfonsi et Reginæ Donnæ Beatricis[271]Viscondesa de Huelgas Señora de Montenor 1261.  The testament of “Donna Constancia Sancii, Donni Sancii...quondam Regis Portugaliæ filiæ”, dated 15 Jul 1269, bequeathed property to “...A. Regi Portugaliæ...Donnæ Blancæ filiæ suæ...Donnæ Sanciæ filiæ suæ...[272] The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, made bequests to “D. Blancæ filiæ meæ...D. Sanciæ filiæ meæ...[273]Lay Abbess of Lorvano 1278.  Señora de Campo-Mayor 1301.  Señora de Alcozer [1303].  Abbess of Las Huelgas de Burgos.  "La Infanta Da Blanca" bought property in Briviesca from "Da Juana mujer que fue del Infante D. Luis" which she inherited from "Don Gomez Ruiz mio padre et de Donna Mencia mi madre" by charter dated Sep 1305[274].  "Infanta Donna Blanca fija del…rey Don Alfonso, Sennora de las Huelgas" sold various properties to "Don Johan fijo del…Infant Don Manuel" by charter dated Aug 1312[275].  "Infanta Donna Blanca fija del…rey Don Alfonso de Portugal e nieta del…Rey don Alfonso de Castilla, Sennora de las Huelgas" granted a fuero to Briviesca by charter dated Dec 1313[276].  "Doña Blanca infanta de Portugal hija de Alfonso III rey de Portugal y abadesa del monasterio de Las Huelgas de Burgos" donated "las salinas de Añana y de Pozas" to her monastery by charter dated 31 Dec 1313[277]

3.         Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal ([1260]-Lisbon 1262, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  Sousa quotes an epitaph at Alcobaça which records the burial of “Domnus Ferdinandus Infans filius...domni Alphonsi quinti regis Portugaliæ et Algarbii” who died “apud Ulixbonam sub era 1300[278]

4.         Infante dom DINIZ de Portugal (Lisbon 9 Oct 1261-Santarem 7 Jan 1325, bur Odivellas)The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “VII Id Oct” in 1261 of “Infans Domnus Dionysius filius Regis Domni Alfonsi et Reginæ Beatricis[279].  He succeeded his father in 1279 as DINIZ "o Justo/o Lavrador" King of Portugal

-        see below.   

5.         Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal ([Lisbon] 8 Feb 1263-Lisbon 2 Nov 1312, bur Lisbon Dominican monastery)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Dionis, D. Alonso" as the sons of "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Beatriz"[280].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “VIII Id Feb” in 1263 of “Infans Doñs Alfonsus filius Regis Domni Alfonsi et Reginæ Domnæ Beatricis[281]D. Affonso...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve...com minha mulher Raynha Donna Beatriz filha do...D. Affonso Rey de Castella e de Leom e com meu filho D. Diniz e com minhas filhas D. Branca e D. Sancha” granted “villa de Lourinhãa” to “D. Affonso meu filho e da sobreditta Raynha D. Beatriz minha mulher” by charter dated 5 Feb 1278[282]Senhor de Portoalegre Castel-de-Vides Ourem Sintra Marvam e Arronches Leyra and Lourignan.  D. Affonso...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve...com minha mulher Raynha Donna Beatriz filha do...D. Affonso Rey de Castella e de Leom e com meu filho D. Diniz e com minhas filhas D. Branca e D. Sancha” granted “castellos e...villas de Marvaõ e de Portalegre e de Arronches” to “D. Affonso meu filho e da sobreditta Raynha D. Beatriz minha mulher” by charter dated 11 Oct “era de 1309” [must be misdated][283]Governor of Guarda Lamego and Viseu.  m ([1287]) VIOLANTE Manuel de Castilla, daughter of Infante don JUAN Manuel de Castilla Duque de Penafiel y Escalona & his first wife Infanta doña Constanza de Aragón ([1265]-Lisbon 1314, bur Lisbon Dominican monastery).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Infante D. Alonso" married "D. Violante", an earlier passage in the same source naming "D. Violante" as the daughter of "El Infante D. Manuel" and his wife "D. Costança de Aragon"[284].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "Alfonsus" married "domna Violante…filia regis Alfonsi et soror regis Sancii de Castella"[285].  Señora de Elda, Novelda, Medellín y ½ Peñafiel.  Infante dom Afonso & his wife had five children:

a)         AFONSO de Portugal ([1288]-1300).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Senhor de Leiria. 

b)         MARIA de Portugal ([1290]-)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria, D. Isabel, D. Constança" as the children of "El Infante D. Alonso" and his wife "D. Violante", an earlier passage in the same source recording that "D. Tello", son of "D. Alonso llamóse Infante de Molina" and his wife "D. Teresa Alvarez", married "D. Maria", and a later passage that "D. Fernando", son of "D. Diego", married "D. Maria"[286]m firstly ([1308/12]) TELLO Afonso de Meneses Señor de Meneses, Montealegre y San Ramón, son of ALFONSO Téllez de Molina [Castilla] Señor de Meneses & his wife Teresa Pérez de Asturias (-Tardejas 1315)m secondly (1315) FERNANDO Díaz de Haro, Señor de Orduña y Valmaseda, son of DIEGO López de Haro Señor de Vizcaya, Señor de Haro & his wife Infante doña Violante de Castilla. 

c)         ISABEL de Portugal ([1292]-shortly before 1367).  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense names "duas filias…Helisabeth…et Beatricem" as the children of "Alfonsus" and his wife "domna Violante…filia regis Alfonsi et soror regis Sancii de Castella", adding that Isabel married "Johannes tortus"[287].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria, D. Isabel, D. Constança" as the children of "El Infante D. Alonso" and his wife "D. Violante", an earlier passage in the same source recording that "D. Juan…el Tuerto" married "D. Isabel"[288]m JUAN de Castilla "el Tuerto" Señor de Vizcaya, son of Infante don JUAN de Castilla y León Señor de Valencia de Campos & his second wife María Díaz de Haro Señora de Vizcaya (after 1293[289]-murdered Toro 2 Dec 1326). 

d)         COSTANÇA de Portugal ([1294]-)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Maria, D. Isabel, D. Constança" as the children of "El Infante D. Alonso" and his wife "D. Violante"[290]m ([1295], not consummated) NUÑO González de Lara, son of JUAN Núñez de Lara Señor de Lara & his [first] wife Teresa Álvarez de Azagra Señora de Albarracín (-Valladolid 1296).  Alférez of don Fernando IV "el Ajurno" King of Castile 3 Aug 1295 to 1296. 

e)         BRITES de Portugal ([1298]-)The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense names "duas filias…Helisabeth…et Beatricem" as the children of "Alfonsus" and his wife "domna Violante…filia regis Alfonsi et soror regis Sancii de Castella", adding that Brites married "domnus Petrus de Guerra"[291].   The Livro Velho records that "D. Pero Fernandes" married firstly "D. Beatris filha do infante D. Affonso, irmão d´elrey D. Diniz e de D. Violante filha do infante D. Manoel" but was childless by her[292]m as his first wife, PEDRO Fernández de Castro "él de la Guerra" Señor de Lemos y Sarria, son of FERNÁN Rodríguez de Castro & his wife Violante Sánchez de Castilla (-killed in battle near Algeciras early Jun 1342). 

6.         Infanta dona SANCHA de Portugal (2 Feb 1264-Seville 1302, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “IV Non Feb” in 1264 of “Doña Sancia filia Regis Doñi Alfonsi et Reginæ Dñæ Beatricis[293].  A Chronica Breve names "ifante dona Sancha" first among the daughters of King Afonso III, adding that she died "em Seuilha" and was buried "em Alcobaça"[294]The testament of “Donna Constancia Sancii, Donni Sancii...quondam Regis Portugaliæ filiæ”, dated 15 Jul 1269, bequeathed property to “...A. Regi Portugaliæ...Donnæ Blancæ filiæ suæ...Donnæ Sanciæ filiæ suæ...[295]The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, made bequests to “D. Blancæ filiæ meæ...D. Sanciæ filiæ meæ...[296]

7.         Infanta dona MARIA de Portugal (21 Nov 1264-Coimbra 6 Jun 1304, bur Coimbra Santa Cruz transferred to Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  

8.         Infante don VICENTE de Portugal (22 Jan 1268-Lisbon after 1268, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “in die Sancti Vincentii…XI Kal Feb” in 1268 of “Infans Dñs Vincentius filius Regis Dñi Alfonsi et Reginæ Dñæ Beatricis[297]Sousa quotes an epitaph at Alcobaça which records the burial of “Vicentius Infans filius...domni Alfonsi quinti regis Portugaliæ et Algarbii” who died “apud Ulixbonam[298]

King Afonso III had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1):   

9.          FERNANDO Afonso de Portugal (bur Lisbon San Blasio).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Knight of the Order of Templars. 

10.       AFONSO Diniz de Portugal (-after 24 Apr 1310)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Dionis, D. Martin Alonso Chichorro" as illegitimate sons of "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" without naming their mothers[299].  Brandaõ quotes a charter of King Afonso III who grantedherdamentum quod fuit Velasci Stephani...”, sold to him by “Martinus Alfonsus filius meus”, to “D. Alfonso filio meo et Marinæ Petri de Enxara”, dated 5 Jul 1278[300]The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, made bequests to “...D. Alienor, quam habeo de Elvira Stephani...Egidio Alphonsi filio meo...Martini Alphonsi filio meo...Alphonso filio meo, quem nutrivit Martinus Petri clericus meus[301].  Senhor de Pouça.  Court Master of Queen dona Isabel of Portugal. 

-        SOUSA
King Alfonso III had two illegitimate children by Mistress (2): 

11.       GILLES Afonso de Portugal (bur Lisbon Saõ Bras).  The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, made bequests to “...D. Alienor, quam habeo de Elvira Stephani...Egidio Alphonsi filio meo...Martini Alphonsi filio meo...Alphonso filio meo, quem nutrivit Martinus Petri clericus meus[302]Knight of the Order of St John.  Commander of Saõ Bras at Lisbon.  Gilles had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

a)         LOURENÇO Gilles de Portugal (-31 Dec 1346, bur Lisbon Saõ Bras).  Commander of the Knights Hospitallers at Saõ Bras, Lisbon.  Sousa quotes an epitaph of the Hospitallers at Saõ Bras, Lisbon which records the burial of “Fr. Lourenço Gil Freire da Ordem do Hospital, Commendador que foy desta Capella de S. Braz de Lisboa...filho de Gil Affonso, o filho del Rey D. Affonso, o padre del Rey D. Diniz” who died 31 Dec “Era de 1383[303].

12.       MARTIM Afonso "Chicorro" de Portugal ([1250]-after 12 Nov 1299)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso Dionis, D. Martin Alonso Chichorro" as illegitimate sons of "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" without naming their mothers[304].  The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, made bequests to “...D. Alienor, quam habeo de Elvira Stephani...Egidio Alphonsi filio meo...Martini Alphonsi filio meo...Alphonso filio meo, quem nutrivit Martinus Petri clericus meus[305]Governor of Chaves. 

-        SOUSA-CHICORRO
King Alfonso III had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (3): 

13.       LEONOR Afonso de Portugal (-after 1302)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Leonor, D. Urraca Alonso" as illegitimate daughters of "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" without naming their mothers, recording in an earlier passage that "Conde D. Gonçalo Garcia" married "D. Leonor" and adding that the couple was childless[306].  After her husband died, she became a nun of Santa Clara at Santarem.  m firstly (Lisbon 24 Jan 1271) ESTEVÃO Annes de Sousa Senhor de Chaves e Alegrete, son of JOAO Garcia de Sousa Senhor do Alegrete & his wife Urraca Fernández (-[1272]).  Chancellor of Portugal.  m secondly ([Santarem 11 May 1273]) GONÇALO Garcia de Sousa, son of dom GARCIA Mendes de Sousa & his wife Elvira González (-after 30 Nov 1286).  Conde de Neiva 1276.  Head of the House of Sousa. 

King Alfonso III had five illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

14.       RODRIGO Afonso de Portugal (-[Santarem] 10 Sep 1301, bur Santa Maria de Alcazora).  Brandaõ quotes a charter, dated 16 Oct 1301 of King Afonso III who donatedhereditates quas ipse mihi dedit in Sanctarenna et Vuimaran” for the soul of “Roderico Alfonsi filio meo[307].  Prior at Santarem and Alenquer.

15.       URRACA Afonso de Portugal .  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Leonor, D. Urraca Alonso" as illegitimate daughters of "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" without naming their mothers[308].  The Livro Velho records that "D. Pero Annes Gago" married "D. Urraca irmã d´elrey D. Diniz de gaança…filha de huma moira"[309]m PEDRO Annez Gago de Riba de Visela, son of JOÃO Martines Chora de Riba de Visela & his wife Urraca Abril (-Apr 1292).

16.       LEONOR Afonso de Portugal (-18 Nov 1259).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Nun at Santa Clara, Santarem.

17.       URRACA Afonso de Portugal (-1319).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Nun at Lorvano.  Sousa quotes an epitaph at Lorvaõ which records the death “E: 1319 II Non Nov” of “Orraca Alfonsi filia...Dñi Alfonsi regis Portugaliæ et Algarbii[310].

18.       HENRIQUE Afonso de Portugal (-in Palestine, bur Santarem Santa Clara).  Sousa quotes an epitaph at Santa Clara de Santarem which records the burial of “Infante D. Henrique Affonso filho del Rey D. Affonso III e sua mulher a Infanta D. Ignez[311].  m dona IGNEZ, daughter of --- (-bur Santarem Santa Clara).  Sousa quotes an epitaph at Santa Clara de Santarem which records the burial of “Infante D. Henrique Affonso filho del Rey D. Affonso III e sua mulher a Infanta D. Ignez[312].    

 

 

Infante dom DINIZ de Portugal, son of AFONSO III 'o Restaurador' King of Portugal & his second wife Beatriz Alfonso de Castilla (Lisbon 9 Oct 1261-Santarem 7 Jan 1325, bur Odivellas).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Dionis, D. Alonso" as the sons of "D. Alonso…Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Beatriz"[313].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “VII Id Oct” in 1261 of “Infans Domnus Dionysius filius Regis Domni Alfonsi et Reginæ Beatricis[314].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "comitissa Bolonie" was still alive when "rex Dionisius" was born (9 Oct 1261, see below), but had died before the birth of his brother Afonso (8 Feb 1263, see below), and it was therefore claimed that Diniz was illegitimate but Afonso legitimate[315].  The testament of “Donna Constancia Sancii, Donni Sancii...quondam Regis Portugaliæ filiæ”, dated 15 Jul 1269, requested “Dnm Alphonsum...Regem Portugaliæ et dominam Beatricem reginam et filiam...regis Castellæ et dominum Dyonisium filium eorundem” to ensure performance of its terms[316] The testament of “Alphonsus...Rex Portug. et Algarbii”, dated 23 Nov 1271, appointed “Dono Dionysio meo filio” as his successor[317].  He succeeded his father in 1279 as DINIZ "o Justo/o Lavrador" King of Portugal.  Founded the University of Lisbon 1290.  He encouraged land development by breaking up large domains and reforming peasant land tenure.  Portuguese replaced Latin as the official language during his reign.  His heir rebelled against him in his last years, provoked by the honours he bestowed on his illegitimate children.  The testament of D. Diniz...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 20 Jun 1322, chose burial “no meu Mosteiro de Sam Diniz de Odivellas”, made bequests to “Infante Dona Maria minha neta...Infante Dom Affonso meu filho...” and appointed “a Raynha Donna Isabel minha mulher e Affonso Sanches meu Filho...” among his executors[318]The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death “VII Id Jan” of “Doñs Dionysius…Rex Portugaliæ[319].  The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records the death "Sanctarene 13 Jan Era 1363" of "rex Dyonisius" and his burial "in monasterio quod ipse fecit…Odiuelas"[320].   

m (by proxy Barcelona 11 Feb 1282, in person Trancosa 24 Jun 1282) Infanta doña ISABEL de Aragón, daughter of PEDRO III King of Aragon & his wife Constanza of Sicily [Hohenstaufen] (Zaragoza 4 Jan 1271-Estremos 4 Jul 1336, bur Coimbra).  The Historia Sicula of Bartolomeo di Neocastro names "Alfonsus, Elisabeth regina Portugalli…Rex Iacobus, Dominus Fridericus, domina Violanta et dominus Petrus" as the children of "Petro regi Aragonum" and his wife[321].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal" married "D. Isabel"[322].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Chronicon Conimbricensi which names “Rex Aragoniæ…Dñs Joannes filius Regis Domni Petri” as “frater…Dñæ Elizabeth Reginæ Portugaliæ[323]The marriage by proxy of Dionysius...Rex Portugalliæ et Algarbii” and “P...Rege Aragon...Elisabeth filiam maiore” is dated 11 Feb 1282[324]The first testament of Dona Isabel...Rainha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 19 Apr 1314, chose burial “em Alcobaça”, and names “Infante D. Affonço meu filho primeiro herdeiro...Dom Pedro meu irmão...[325]Her husband banished her to a fortress when she supported her son in his revolt against his father.  The testament of D. Diniz...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 20 Jun 1322, appointed “a Raynha Donna Isabel minha mulher e Affonso Sanches meu Filho...” among his executors[326]After her husband died she retired to a house at Coimbra near a Poor Clare convent which she had founded and devoted her life to good works.  The second testament of Dona Isabel...Rainha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 22 Dec 1327, chose burial “em o meu mosteiro de Santa Clara e de Sancta Isabel de Coimbra” with “Ifante Dona Isabel minha neta”, made bequests to “Rainha Dona Breatis minha filha...Ifanta Dona Maria sa filha...Iffanta Dona Maria minha neta...Iffanta Dona Leanor minha neta...minha sobrinha Dona Izabel...Dom Affonso filho de Dõ Pedro meu irmaõ...el Rey meu filho...Dona Vataça”, and appointed “El Rey Dom Affonço meu filho e a Rainha Dona Breatis minha filha sa mulher,e o Ifante Dom Pedro meu neto filho primeiro herdeiro do dito Rey Dom Affonço e a Ifanta Dona Maria minha neta...Dona Vataça” as her executors[327]The Breve Chronicon Alcobacense records that "rex Dyonisius…Elisabeth uxor sua Regina" was buried "Colimbrie in monasterio Sancte Clare quod ipsa construxit"[328].   She was canonised 25 May 1625, feast day 8 July[329]

Mistress (1): ALDONÇA Sanchez de Sousa, daughter of ---.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Aldonça Roiz de Tella" as the mother of "Alonso Sanchez" son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal"[330].  Argote Molina names "doña Aldonça de Sancta Cruz, y según otros…doña Aldonça de Sosa" as the mother of "don Alfonso Sanchez hermano del Conde don Pedro, que escrivio el libro de los linages y hijo bastardo del Rey don Donis de Portugal el valeroso"[331]

Mistress (2): GRACIA Senhora de Ribeyra, daughter of --- (-after 17 Dec 1322).  The testament of Dona Gracia madre do conde Dom Pedro de Barcellos”, dated 17 Dec 1322, requested burial “em na See de Lisboa”, made bequests to “Gonçale Anes meu sobrinho...Vicente Anes meu sobrinho...Esteve Anes meu sobrinho...Egara Symoens minha sobrinha...Maria Darauho sobrinha de Vicente Anes...Conde Dom Pedro meu filho...[332]

Mistress (3): ---. 

Mistress (4): MARIA Pirez, from Oporto.  The primary source which confirms her relationship with King Diniz has not yet been identified. 

Mistress (5): ---. 

Mistress (6): MARINA Gomez, from Lisbon.  The primary source which confirms her relationship with King Diniz has not yet been identified. 

Mistress (7): ---. 

King Diniz & his wife had two children:

1.         Infanta dona COSTANÇA de Portugal (3 Jan 1290-Sahagun 18 Nov 1313, bur Valladolid)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso, D. Constança" as the children of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Isabel"[333].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Jan 1302 of “Rex Dns Fernandus in Valleoleti cum Regina Dna Constantia, filia Regis Portugaliæ[334].  The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the death in Nov 1313 of “Regina Dna Constantia in Sancto Facundo[335]m (Valladolid 23 Jan 1302) FERNANDO IV King of Castile and León, "el Ajurno" son of SANCHO IV "el Bravo" King of Castile & his wife María Alfonso de Molina “la Grande” (Seville 6 Dec 1285-Jaen 7 Sep 1312).

2.         Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal (Lisbon 8 Feb 1291-Lisbon 29 May 1357, bur Lisbon Cathedral)The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “VI Id Feb” in 1291 of “Dñs Alfonsus filius…Dñi Dionisii Regis Portug. et Algarbii et Reginæ Doñæ Elizabeth[336].  He rebelled against his father, provoked by the honours bestowed on his illegitimate half-brothers.  He succeeded his father in 1325 as AFONSO IV "o Osado/the Bold" King of Portugal.    

-        see below

King Diniz had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

3.          AFONSO Sanchez de Portugal (before 1286-killed in battle in Castile 1329, bur Santa Clara)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Aldonça Roiz de Tella" as the mother of "Alonso Sanchez" son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", adding in a later passage that he died "en Castilla" and was buried "en el monasterio de Santa Clara que el fundio"[337].  He was created Conde de Alburquerque, Senhor de Conde in 1304.  The testament of “D. Diniz...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 20 Jun 1322, appointed “a Raynha Donna Isabel minha mulher e Affonso Sanches meu Filho...” among his executors[338].  m (1304) TERESA Martínez de Meneses Señora de Alburquerque, daughter & heiress of JUAN Alfonso de Meneses, Conde de Barcellos, Señor de Alburquerque & his second wife María Coronel (-Convent of Santa Clara at Villa-Comte near Braga 1350, bur Convent of Santa Clara at Villa-Comte).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Teresa Martinez, D. Violante" as the children of "Conde D. Juan Alonso de Portugal" and his wife "D. Teresa Sanchez", adding in an earlier passage that "D. Alonso Sanchez", son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", married "Doña Teresa Martinez"[339].  The Livro Velho names "a condesa D. Violante Sanches e D. Tareia Martins" as the two daughters of "D. D. João Affonso de Portugal" and his wife "D. Teresa Sanches filha d´elrey D. Sancho de Castella", adding that Teresa married "Affonso Sanches de Portugal filho delrey D. Diniz…e de D. Aldoná Rodrigues de Tella"[340].  Argote Molina names "doña Teresa de Meneses Señora de Alburquerque" as the daughter of "don Juan Alfonso" and his second wife, adding that she married "don Alfonso Sanchez hermano del Conde don Pedro, que escrivio el libro de los linages y hijo bastardo del Rey don Donis de Portugal el valeroso"[341].  She founded the convent of Santa Clara at Villa-Comte near Braga.  Dom Afonso & his wife had one child:

a)         JOÃO Afonso "o Bono" de Portugal ([1305]-murdered 1354, bur monasterio de la Espina)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan Alonso de Alburquerque" as the son of "D. Alonso Sanchez" and his wife "Doña Teresa Martinez"[342].  He succeeded his father in 1329 as Conde de Alburquerque.  Senhor de Azagala, Codosera, Alconchel, Medellín, Menezes e Tiedra.  Alférez mayor of Alfonso XI "el Justo" King of Castile 1333 to 1336[343]...D. Juan Alfonso de Alburquerque, Ayo y Mayordomo mayor del Infante don Pedro, D. Juan Alfonso su hijo, Alferez mayor del Infante don Pedro...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[344]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “Don Juan Alfonso Señor de Alburquerque” among those present with Alfonso XI King of Castile at Gibraltar in 1350[345].  Canciller mayor of Castile 1350-1353.  He was poisoned on the orders of Pedro I "el Cruel" King of Castile.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Juan Alonso de Alburquerque" was among those who tried to persuade King Pedro to leave "D. Maria de Padilla" and return to his wife "la Reina D. Blanca", adding that the king followed this advice later and "entonces falleció D. Juan Alonso de Alburquerque" (without explaining further the circumstances of his death), after which his supporters discussed their plans in a meeting at which his coffin was present before his burial[346].  m [before 1330]) ISABEL Téllez de Meneses Señora de Meneses, daughter of TELLO Alfonso de Meneses [Castilla] Señor de Meneses & his wife Maria Afonso de Portugal ([1310/15]-after 1354)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Juan Alonso de Alburquerque" married  "D. Isabel", an earlier passage in the same source naming "D. Isabel" as daughter of "D. Tello", son of "D. Alonso llamóse Infante de Molina", and his wife "D. Maria"[347]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Don Juan Alfonso de Alburquerque” married “Doña Isabel...fija de Don Tello de Meneses[348].  Mistress (1): MARÍA Rodríguez Barba, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her relationship with João has not yet been identified.  João & his wife had two children:

i)          JOÃO Afonso de Alburquerque ([1330]-1348).  Alférez mayor of Infante don Pedro de Castilla (later Pedro I King of Castile) 4 Apr 1342 to 10 Mar 1348[349]...D. Juan Alfonso de Alburquerque, Ayo y Mayordomo mayor del Infante don Pedro, D. Juan Alfonso su hijo, Alferez mayor del Infante don Pedro...” subscribed the charter dated 27 Jan 1343 under which King Alfonso XI confirmed the privileges of the convent of San Augustin de Dueñas[350]

ii)         MARTIM Gil de Alburquerque ([1325]-Seville 1365).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Martin Gil" as the son of "D. Juan Alonso de Alburquerque" and his wife, adding that he was childless[351].  Governor of Murcia: Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that Pedro I King of Castile appointed “Don Martin Gil, fijo de Don Juan Alfonso Señor de Alburquerque” to “el Adelantamiento [del Regno de Murcia][352]He succeeded his father in 1354 as Señor de Alburquerque y Meneses.  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the death in Seville in 1365 of “Don Martin Gil Señor de Alburquerque, fijo de Don Juan Alfonso é de Doña Isabel su muger”, childless[353]

João had four illegitimate children by Mistress (1):   

iii)        FERNANDO Afonso de Alburquerque ([1327]-after 1384).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Senhor de Villa Nova de Anços.  Grand Master of the Order of Santiago.  Master of the court of Castile.  Mistress (1): dona LAURA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her relationship with Fernando has not yet been identified.  Dom Fernando had two illegitimate children Mistress (1):  

(a)        JUANA de AlburquerqueThe primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m dom GONÇALO Vasques Coutinho, son of ---.  Senhor do Couto de Leon.  Marshal of Portugal.

(b)        TERESA de AlburquerqueThe primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m dom VASCO Martins da Cunha Senhor de Morgado de Tavoa, son of ---.

iv)        BRITES d'AlburquerqueThe primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m JUAN Alfonso Tellez de Meneses Conde de Barcellos, son of --- (-killed in battle near Aljubarrota 14 Aug 1385).  Admiral of Portugal.

v)         MARIA de AlburquerqueThe primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m GONZALO Tellez de Meneses Conde de Neiva y Faria, son of ---.

vi)        PEDRO Gil de AlburquerqueThe primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

King Diniz had one illegitimate son by Mistress (2): 

4.          PEDRO de Portugal (1287-1354, bur Tarouca São João)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "El Conde D. Pedro, D. Fernan Sanchez, D. Iuan Alonso" as the sons of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal" but does not name their mothers[354].  Created Conde de Barcelós 1 Mar 1304.  Senhor de Gestaçao Lalin e Varsea.  The testament of “Dona Gracia madre do conde Dom Pedro de Barcellos”, dated 17 Dec 1322, made bequests to “...Conde Dom Pedro meu filho...[355].  Master of the court of Portugal.  The testament of “Dom Pedro Conde de Barcelos Alferes mor del Rey de Portugal”, dated 1350, requested burial “no mosteiro de S. Joan de Tarouca”, made bequests to “...Tareja Annes natural de Toledo criada del Rey Dom ---...” and refers to his first wife “Dona Branca[356]A document dated 4 Oct 1354 confirms the execution of the testament of “Conde Don Pedro[357].  m firstly BRANCA Peres de Sousa, daughter of PEDRO Annes de Portal & his wife Costança Mendes de Sousa Senhora de Sousa.  The Livro Velho names "João Pires de Sousa, e outro João Pires de Sousa, e Branca Pires, e Maria Ribeira" as the children of "D. Pero Annes Portel" and his wife, adding that Branca died childless[358].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Conde D. Pedro", son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", married "D. Blanca"[359].  m secondly MARÍA Jiménez Coronel, daughter of PEDRO Coronel & his wife Urraca Artal (-1347, bur convent of Xixena Aragon).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Conde D. Pedro", son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", married secondly "la Condesa D. Maria Ximenez hija de D. Pedro Cornel i de D. Urraca Artal, naturales de Aragon", adding that the couple was childless[360].  m thirdly ([1348]) doña TERESA Yáñez de Toledo, daughter of --- (-[1350]).  The testament of “Dom Pedro Conde de Barcelos Alferes mor del Rey de Portugal”, dated 1350, made bequests to “...Tareja Annes natural de Toledo criada del Rey Dom ---...[361]Pedro & his first wife had one child:

a)         [PEDRO] de Barcellos (bur Tomar).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Conde D. Pedro" and his wife "D. Blanca" had one son who died before his mother[362]. 

Pedro & his second wife had one child:

b)         MARIA Ximenes de BarcellosThe primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Lady at the court of Portugal. 

King Diniz had one illegitimate son by Mistress (3): 

5.          FERNANDO Sanches de Portugal (-after 13 Nov 1327, bur Santarem São Domingo)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "El Conde D. Pedro, D. Fernan Sanchez, D. Iuan Alonso" as the sons of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal" but does not name their mothers[363].  m FROILA Annes de Briteyros, daughter of JOÃO Rodrigues de Briteyros & his wife Guyomar Gil.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Fernan Sanchez", son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", married "D. Frolle Annes", adding that the couple was childless[364]. 

King Diniz had one illegitimate son by Mistress (4): 

6.          JOÃO Afonso de Portugal (-murdered 4 Jun 1336)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "El Conde D. Pedro, D. Fernan Sanchez, D. Iuan Alonso" as the sons of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal" but does not name their mothers[365].  Legitimated 13 Apr 1317.  Senhor de Arouça.  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Juan Alonso", son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", was killed by Afonso IV King of Portugal[366].  m (30 Aug 1315) JUANA Pérez Ponce de León, daughter of PEDRO Ponce de León Señor de Cangeis & his second wife Sancha Gil de Bragança.  The Livro Velho names "D. Rodrigo e D. Joanna" as the children of "D. Pero Ponço" and his second wife, adding that Juana was "molher que foi de João Affonso filiho d´elrey D. Diniz de gaança" by whom she had a daughter[367].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando sin hijos, D. Rodrigo de las Asturias, D. Isabel, D. Juana, D. Urraca" as the children of "D. Pedro Ponzo" and his second wife "D. Sancha Gil Bragança", recording in a later passage that "D. Iuan Alonso", son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", married "D. Juana Ponce"[368]João & his wife had one daughter:

a)         URRACA AfonsoThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Urraca, D. Leonor Martinez Alonso" as the children of "D. Juan Alonso", son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", and his wife "D. Juana Ponce"[369].  m (1335) ÁLVARO Pérez de Guzmán Señor de Gibraleón y Olvera, son of PEDRO Núñez de Guzmán Señor de Manzanedo & his wife María [Alfonso de la Cerda].

João had one illegitimate daughter by an unknown mistress: 

b)         LEONOR de ArouçaThe Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Urraca, D. Leonor Martinez Alonso" as the children of "D. Juan Alonso", son of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal", and his wife "D. Juana Ponce"[370].  m GONÇALO de Martinez-Portocarrero, son of ---.

King Diniz had one illegitimate son by Mistress (5): 

7.          PEDRO Afonso de PortugalThe primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m (before 17 Jul 1309) MARÍA Mendez, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her arriage has not yet been identified.  

King Diniz had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (6): 

8.          MARIA Afonso de Portugal (-before 1340)The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m (Santarem 1318) as his first wife, JUAN Alfonso de la Cerda [Castilla] Señor de Gibraleón, Huelva y Deza, son of ALFONSO de la Cerda de Castilla & his wife Mathilde de Brienne-Eu (in France [1295]-7 Aug 1347).  He lived most of his life in Portugal.  He finally left Portugal in 1337 to serve Alfonso XI King of Castile.  He fought at the battle of Salado near Tarifa 30 Oct 1340, which marked the end of the Muslim invasions.

King Diniz had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (7): 

9.          MARIA Afonso de Portugal (-1320, bur Odivellas).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Nun at the Cistercian convent of Odivellas.

 

 

Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal, son of DINIZ "o Justo" King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Isabel de Aragón (Lisbon 8 Feb 1291-Lisbon 29 May 1357, bur Lisbon Cathedral).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Alonso, D. Constança" as the children of "D. Dionis…Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Isabel"[371].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “VI Id Feb” in 1291 of “Dñs Alfonsus filius…Dñi Dionisii Regis Portug. et Algarbii et Reginæ Doñæ Elizabeth[372].  He rebelled against his father, provoked by the honours bestowed on his illegitimate half-brothers.  The testament of D. Diniz...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 20 Jun 1322, made bequests to “Infante Dona Maria minha neta...Infante Dom Affonso meu filho...[373]He succeeded his father 1325 as AFONSO IV "o Osado/the Bold" King of Portugal.  His forces fought with Castile to defeat the Moroccans at Salado in 1340.  The testament of “D. Affonso IV...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 24 Mar 1345, requested burial “na Igreja Cathedral de Lisboa”, and names “Raynha D. Breatis...Infante D. Pedro nosso filho primeiro herdeiro[374].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death 29 May 1357 of “Rey D. Alfonso ò quarto, e filho do…Rey D. Denis” in “a Cidade de Lizboa” and his burial “à See de ditta Cidade[375]

m (Lisbon 12 Sep 1309) Infanta doña BEATRIZ de Castilla, daughter of SANCHO IV "el Bravo" King of Castile & his wife María Alfonso de Molina “la Grande” Señora de Molina y Mesa (Toro 1293-Lisbon 26 Oct 1359).  The Livro Velho names "a infanta D. Isabel…a infanta D. Brites" as the daughters of King Sancho IV and his wife[376]The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Alonso…Rey" married "D. Beatriz"[377].  After her husband died she became a nun at Santa Clara in Coimbra.  The codicil of “Donna Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal”, dated 27 Dec 1354, amending her testament dated 21 Mar 1349, made bequests to “Raynha de Castella minha filha...Infante Dom Fernando meu neto...Infanta Donna Maria minha neta...Branca do Avellal e seos filhos...Lourenço filho de Martim de Avelal e sa esposa...Vasco e a Joanne filho do dito Martim de Avelal...Vasco e a Pedro filhos de Leonor Martins...Maria Rodrigues a Aya...Maria Migueis...Donna Izabel de Cardena Abbadeça de Santa Clara de Coimbra”, and appointed “Martim do Avelal meu Copeiro mor...” as one of her executors[378].  The testament of “D. Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 9 Dec 1358, chose burial “na See de Lisboa” with her husband, made bequests to “El Rey D. Pedro meu filho...Infante D. Fernando meu neto...Infante D. Maria minha neta...Infante D. Joaõ meu neto...Infante D. Deniz meu neto...Infante D. Beatriz minha neta...D. Maria Girona minha sobrinha...Branca Lourenço do Avelal...Leonor Gonçalves...” and many others, and names “el Rey D. Affonso meu Senhor...Raynha D. Leonor Daragom minha filha...Lourenço Martins do Avelal...o Infante Dom Felipe meu Irmaõ...a Rainha de Castella minha filha...[379].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death 26 Oct 1359 of “Reyna de Portugal è do Algarve Doña Beatris, molher…do…Rey D. Afonso ò quarto…è filo do…Rey D. Sancho de Castella” and her burial “en na See de Lixboa[380]

Mistress (1): ---.  The name of King Afonso's mistress is not known. 

King Afonso IV & his wife had seven children:

1.         Infanta dona MARIA de Portugal (1313-poisoned Evora 18 Jan 1357, bur Seville)The Livro Velho names "a rainha D. Maria e a infante D. Leonor" as the daughters of King Alfonso IV and his wife, adding that Maria married "elrei D. Affonso de Castella filho delrey D. Fernando e da raynha D. Constança"[381].  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Don Pedro, D. Maria" as the children of "D. Alonso…Rey" and his wife "D. Beatriz"[382].  The testament of D. Diniz...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 20 Jun 1322, made bequests to “Infante Dona Maria minha neta...Infante Dom Affonso meu filho...[383].  The marriage contract of “D. Alfonço...Rey de Castiella...” and “Don Alfonso...Rey de Portugal...la Iffante Doña Maria fija” is dated 26 Mar 1327[384]The second testament of Dona Isabel...Rainha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 22 Dec 1327, made bequests to “Rainha Dona Breatis minha filha...Ifanta Dona Maria sa filha...Iffanta Dona Maria minha neta...Iffanta Dona Leanor minha neta...minha sobrinha Dona Izabel...Dom Affonso filho de Dõ Pedro meu irmaõ...el Rey meu filho...Dona Vataça”, and appointed “El Rey Dom Affonço meu filho e a Rainha Dona Breatis minha filha sa mulher, e o Ifante Dom Pedro meu neto filho primeiro herdeiro do dito Rey Dom Affonço e a Ifanta Dona Maria minha neta...Dona Vataça” as her executors[385]The Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis records the marriage in Sep 1328 of  the king and “filia Regis Portugaliæ consanguinea…dispensatione Papæ[386]The codicil of “Donna Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal”, dated 27 Dec 1354, amending her testament dated 21 Mar 1349, made bequests to “Raynha de Castella minha filha...[387].  The testament of “Doña Maria...Reyna de Castiella y de Leon”, dated 8 Nov 1351, chose burial “en la Iglesia mayor de Sevilla” next to her husband, made bequests to “El Rey mi fijo[388].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death 18 Jan 1357 of “Reyna Domna Maria de Castella, mulher del Rey D. Alfonso de Castella, è filha do…Rey Dom Alfonso de Portugal è da Reyna Doña Beatris” in “la Cidade de Ebora” and her burial at Seville[389].  m (contract 26 Mar 1327, Alfayete 1328) as his second wife, her first cousin, ALFONSO XI "el Justo" King of Castile, son of FERNANDO IV "el Ajurno" King of Castile & his wife Infanta dona Costança de Portugal (Salamanca 13 Aug 1311-Gibraltar 26 Mar 1350, bur Seville).

2.         Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal (Villa de Penella 12 Jan 1315-Villa de Penella 1315, bur Santarem São Domingo).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

3.         Infante dom DINIZ de Portugal (Santarem 12 Feb 1317-1318, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “die Sanctæ Eolaliæ II Id Feb…secunda decima die dicti mensis” of “Infans Dñs Dionysius filius Dñi Alfonsi Infantis Portugaliæ et Algarbii[390]

4.         Infante dom PEDRO de Portugal (Coimbra 18 Apr 1320-killed Estremos 18 Jan 1367, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça)The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth 18 Apr 1320 of “Infans Dñs Petrus filius Dñi Alfonsi et Dñæ Beatricis[391].  He succeeded his father in 1357 as PEDRO I "o Justiceiro" King of Portugal

-        see below

5.         Infanta dona ISABEL de Portugal (22 Dec 1324-11 Jul 1326, bur Coimbra Santa Clara).  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth 22 Dec 1324 of “Doña Izabeth Infans filia Dñi Alfonsi Regis Protug. et Algarbii et Dñæ Beatricis Reginæ”, and her death 11 Jul 1326[392]The second testament of Dona Isabel...Rainha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 22 Dec 1327, chose burial “em o meu mosteiro de Santa Clara e de Sancta Isabel de Coimbra” with “Ifante Dona Isabel minha neta[393]

6.         Infante dom JOÃO de Portugal (23 Sep 1326-21 Jun 1327, bur Odivellas).  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth 23 Sep 1326 of “Infans Doñus Joannes filius Dñi Alfonsi et Dñæ Beatricis[394]

7.         Infanta dona LEONOR de Portugal (1328-Teruel 29 Oct 1348, bur Nuestra Señora de Poblet)The Livro Velho names "a rainha D. Maria e a infante D. Leonor" as the daughters of King Alfonso IV and his wife[395].  The second testament of “Dona Isabel...Rainha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 22 Dec 1327, made bequests to “Rainha Dona Breatis minha filha...Ifanta Dona Maria sa filha...Iffanta Dona Maria minha neta...Iffanta Dona Leanor minha neta...minha sobrinha Dona Izabel...Dom Affonso filho de Dõ Pedro meu irmaõ...el Rey meu filho...Dona Vataça[396].  She died of plague.  m (by proxy Santarem 11 Jun 1347 in person Barcelona 15 Nov 1347) as his second wife, PEDRO IV King of Aragon, son of ALFONSO IV "el Benigne" King of Aragon & his first wife Teresa de Entenza Condesa de Urgel (Balaguer 5 Sep 1319-Barcelona 5 Jan 1387, bur Nuestra Señora de Poblet). 

King Afonso IV had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1):

8.          MARIA de PortugalThe primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m FERNANDO Alfonso de Valencia [Castilla] Señor de Valencia de Campos, son of ALFONSO de Castilla Señor de Valencia de Campos & his second wife Juana de Castro (posthumously 1316-killed in battle Lisbon 1384)Grand Master of the Order of Santiago. 

 

 

Infante dom PEDRO de Portugal, son of AFONSO IV "o Osado" King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Beatriz de Castilla (Coimbra 18 Apr 1320-killed Estremos 18 Jan 1367, bur Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Don Pedro, D. Maria" as the children of "D. Alonso…Rey" and his wife "D. Beatriz"[397].  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth 18 Apr 1320 of “Infans Dñs Petrus filius Dñi Alfonsi et Dñæ Beatricis[398].  He rebelled against his father following the execution of his third wife.  He succeeded his father in 1357 as PEDRO I "o Justiceiro" King of PortugalThe testament of “Rey D. Pedro...”, dated 16 Jan 1367, chose burial “na Igreja do Mosteiro de Alcobaça”, made bequests to “aos filhos da Infante Donna Ignez...Infante Donna Maria nossa filha que ora he em Aragom...Infante D. Beatriz nossa filha per cazamento...Infante Dom Joam nosso filho...Infante D. Diniz outro si nosso filho...” and appointed “Infante D. Fernando nosso filho e D. Joanne Affonso Conde de Barcellos...” among the executors[399]The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the death 18 Jan 1367 of “Doñus Petrus Rex Portugalensis, filius Doñi Alfonsi et Reginæ Doñæ Beatricis…apud Stremoz” and his burial “Alcobacia[400]

m firstly (Alfayete Sep 1325, non-consummated, annulled 1330) BLANCA de Castilla, daughter of Infante don PEDRO de Castilla y León Señor de los Cameros & his wife Infanta doña María de Aragón (after 1315-Las Huelgas 1375).  The Livro Velho names "D. Branca" as the child of "o infante D. Pedro…filho delrey D. Sancho e da raynha D. Maria" and his wife "a infante D. Maria d´Aragam", adding that she married "infante D. Pedro de Portugal"[401].  Abbess of Las Huelgas 1331.  

m secondly (contract 16 Mar 1338, Lisbon 24 Aug 1339) as her second husband, CONSTANZA Manuel de Castilla, formerly wife of ALFONSO XI "el Justo" King of Castile and León, daughter of JUAN Manuel "el Scritor" [Castilla] Señor de Villena, Escalona, y Peñafiel & his second wife Infanta doña Constanza de Aragón ([1323]-Santarem 13 Nov 1345, bur Santarem San Francisco).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "D. Pedro Rey de Portugal" married "D. Constança" and his wife "D. Beatriz", an earlier passage naming "D. Fernando Manuel, D. Constanza" as the children of "D. Juan Manuel" and his wife "D. Blanca de la Cerda"[402]The marriage contract of “o Infante Dom Pedro” and “Dom Joam filho do Infante Dom Manoel...mi fija D. Costança” is dated 16 Mar 1338, witnessed by “Sancho Manoel fijo del dicho Señor Don Juan...[403]

m thirdly (secretly 1346, openly Bragança 1 Jan 1354) INÉS de Castro, illegitimate daughter of PEDRO Fernández de Castro “él de la Guerra” Señor de Lemos, Monforte y Sarria & his mistress Aldonza de Valadares ([1327]-murdered Coimbra 7 Jan 1355, bur 1361 Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria de Alcobaça).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Aldonça Lorenço de Valladares" as the mother of "D. Alvaro Perez de Castro, D. Ines de Castro", children of "D. Pedro Fernandez de Castro", and in another passage that "D. Pedro Rey de Portugal" married secondly "D. Ines de Castro"[404]She involved Portugal in the internal conflicts of Castile, and was killed on the orders of King Afonso IV.  The Chronicon Conimbricensi records that King Alfonso IV ordered the execution of “Doña Enes” 7 Jan 1355[405]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records that “Doña Ines de Castro” was buried with “el...Rey Don Pedro de Portugal en el Monasterio de Alcobaza[406]

Mistress (1): TERESA Gille Lourenço, daughter of ---.

King Pedro I & his second wife had three children:

1.         Infante dom LUIZ de Portugal (Lisbon 27 Feb 1340-Lisbon 6 Mar 1340, bur Lisbon Cathedral).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

2.         Infanta dona MARIA de Portugal (Evora 6 Apr 1343-Aveiro after 16 Jan 1367, bur Santarem São Francisco)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando, D. Maria" as the children of "D. Pedro Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Constança", an earlier passage recording that "D. Fernando…Marques de Tortosa", son of "D. Alonso Rey de Aragon" and his wife "D. Leonor", married "la Infanta D. Maria"[407].  The codicil of “Donna Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal”, dated 27 Dec 1354, amending her testament dated 21 Mar 1349, made bequests to “...Infante Dom Fernando meu neto...Infanta Donna Maria minha neta...[408]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the marriage in Evora in 1354 of “el Infante D. Ferrando de Aragon Marques de Tortosa” and “la Infanta Doña Maria fija del Infante Don Pedro heredero de Portogal[409]The marriage contract of “Dom Fernando Iffante Daragam” and “Dom Affonço...Rey de Portugal e do Algarve...Iffante Dona Maria minha netta” is dated 30 Jan 1355[410]The testament of “D. Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 9 Dec 1358, made bequests to “El Rey D. Pedro meu filho...Infante D. Fernando meu neto...Infante D. Maria minha neta...Infante D. Joaõ meu neto...Infante D. Deniz meu neto...Infante D. Beatriz minha neta...D. Maria Girona minha sobrinha...[411]After her husband died she became a nun at the convent of São Francisco at Santarem.  The testament of “Rey D. Pedro...”, dated 16 Jan 1367, made bequests to “...Infante Donna Maria nossa filha que ora he em Aragom...Infante D. Beatriz nossa filha per cazamento...Infante Dom Joam nosso filho...Infante D. Diniz outro si nosso filho...[412]m (Evora 3 Feb 1354, contract 30 Jan 1355) Infante don FERNANDO de Aragón Marqués de Tortosa, Señor de Albarazin y Fraga, son of ALFONSO IV "el Benigne" King of Aragon & his second wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla (11 Dec 1329-murdered Burriana 16 Jul 1363)  

3.         Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal (Santarem 31 Oct 1345-Lisbon 29 Oct 1383, bur Santarem São Francisco)The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “vespera de todos los Santos” in 1345 of “Infante D. Ferrando filho do Infante D. Pedro de Portugal è Infanta Doña Constanza[413].  He succeeded his father in 1367 as FERNANDO I "o Gentil" King of Portugal.   

-        see below

King Pedro I & his third wife had four children, born before their marriage, legitimated 19 Mar 1361, but excluded from the succession to the throne:

4.         BRITES de Portugal ([1347]-Ledesma 5 Jul 1381)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan, D. Dionis, D. Beatriz" as the children of "D. Pedro Rey de Portugal" and his second wife "D. Ines de Castro"[414]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “[el] Infante Don Juan, é [el] Infante Don Donis, é...la Infanta Doña Beatriz” as the children of “el...Rey Don Pedro de Portugal” by “Doña Ines de Castro”, adding that Brites married “el Conde Don Sancho hermano del Rey Don Enrique de Castilla[415].  The testament of “D. Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 9 Dec 1358, made bequests to “El Rey D. Pedro meu filho...Infante D. Fernando meu neto...Infante D. Maria minha neta...Infante D. Joaõ meu neto...Infante D. Deniz meu neto...Infante D. Beatriz minha neta...D. Maria Girona minha sobrinha...[416]Infanta de Portugal when legitimated 19 Mar 1361.  The testament of “Rey D. Pedro...”, dated 16 Jan 1367, made bequests to “...Infante Donna Maria nossa filha que ora he em Aragom...Infante D. Beatriz nossa filha per cazamento...Infante Dom Joam nosso filho...Infante D. Diniz outro si nosso filho...[417]Her marriage was arranged as part of the peace treaty signed between Enrique II King of Castile and Fernando I King of Portugal at Santarem in March 1373: Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the agreement in 1373 for the marriage of “el Conde Don Sancho, hermano del Rey Don Enrique” and “la Infanta Doña Beatriz hermana del Rey de Portugal...fija del Rey Don Pedro de Portugal é de Doña Ines de Castro”, as part of peace arrangements between Castile and Portugal brokered by “Don Guido Cardenal de Boloña Legado del Papa[418]m (1373) SANCHO Alfonso de Castilla Conde de Alburquerque, Señor de Ledesma, Alba de Liste, Medellín, Tiedra y Montalbán, illegitimate son of ALFONSO XI "el Justo" King of Castile and León & his mistress Leonor de Guzmán Señora de Medina Sidonia (1342-19 May 1374).

5.         AFONSO de Portugal ([1348]-young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

6.         JOÃO de Portugal (Coimbra 1349-Salamanca 1397, bur Salamanca San Esteban)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan, D. Dionis, D. Beatriz" as the children of "D. Pedro Rey de Portugal" and his second wife "D. Ines de Castro"[419]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “[el] Infante Don Juan, é [el] Infante Don Donis, é...la Infanta Doña Beatriz” as the children of “el...Rey Don Pedro de Portugal” by “Doña Ines de Castro[420].  The testament of “D. Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 9 Dec 1358, made bequests to “El Rey D. Pedro meu filho...Infante D. Fernando meu neto...Infante D. Maria minha neta...Infante D. Joaõ meu neto...Infante D. Deniz meu neto...Infante D. Beatriz minha neta...D. Maria Girona minha sobrinha...[421]Created Senhor de Porto de Moz Cea e Montelonso in Portugal at Elvas 24 May 1360.  Infante de Portugal when legitimated 19 Mar 1361.  The testament of “Rey D. Pedro...”, dated 16 Jan 1367, made bequests to “...Infante Donna Maria nossa filha que ora he em Aragom...Infante D. Beatriz nossa filha per cazamento...Infante Dom Joam nosso filho...Infante D. Diniz outro si nosso filho...[422]He was appointed heir to King Fernando I in 1379 but rejected by Queen Leonor.  He fled to Castile where he was created Duque de Valencia de Campos in 1379.  Señor de Alba de Tormes 1383.  m firstly (1376) as her second husband, MARÍA Tellez de Meneses, widow of ALVARO Diaz de Sousa Senhor de Sousa, daughter of MARTÍN Alfonso Téllez de Meneses & his wife Aldonza de Vasconcellos (-murdered 1379).  She was strangled by her husband[423]m secondly (Betrothed before 29 May 1374, contract presumably broken but later revived, Valencia 1379) CONSTANZA de Castilla Señora de Alba de Tormes, illegitimate daughter of ENRIQUE II "él de las Mercedes" King of Castile & his mistress Elvira Íñiguez de la Vega.  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I records that King Juan arranged the marriage of “Doña Costanza su hermanaand “[el] Infante Don Juan de Portugal[424].  João & his first wife had one child: 

a)         FERNANDO de Portugal (1378-Eça ----).  Senhor de Eça.  m firstly - fifthly ---.  The names of his first five wives are not known.  m sixthly ISABELLA de Avallos, daughter of PEDRO López de Avallos [Commandant of Murcia] & his wife ---. 

-        EÇA[425]

João & his second wife had three children: 

b)         MARIA BRITES de Portugal ([1381]-).  Señora de Valencia de Campos.  m MARTIN Vasquez da Cunha Conde de Valencia. 

c)         ISABELLA BRITES de Portugal ([1382]-).  m PEDRO Nunho Conde de Cigales (-1454).  Created Conde de Buelna. 

d)         JOANA de Portugal ([1384]-).  m LOPE Vaz da Cunha Senhor de Buendia. 

João had three illegitimate children by an unknown mistress or mistresses: 

e)         AFONSO de Portugal de Castro (-Zamora Aug 1442).  Senhor de Cascaes e Lourinhao.  Grand Alcalde of Lisbon.  m firstly (1388). BRANCA da Cunha das Reglas Senhora de Cascaes e Lourihao, daughter of JOÃO da Reglas & his wife Leonor da Cunha.  m secondly MARIA de Vasconcelhos Senhora de Soalhaens, daughter of JOANNE Mendes de VasconcelhosSenhor de Freiriz & his wife Leonor Pereira (-[1438]).

-        VASCONCELHOS e MENEZES[426].    

f)          PEDRO de Guerra (-in Castile after 14 Aug 1385).  m TERESA Andeiro, daughter of JUAN Fernández Andeiro Conde de Ourem & his wife Joanna Bezerra.  Pedro & his wife had three children: 

i)          FERNANDO da Guerra (-bur Braga 26 Sep 1467).  Bishop of Porto.  Archbishop of Braga 1416.  Primate of Spain and Portugal, Grand Chancellor of Portugal 1418.   

ii)         LUIZ da Guerra (-Rome Villa Abrantes 1458).  Bishop of Guarda 1427.

iii)        IGNEZ da Guerram ALVARO Pirez de Tavora Senhor de Mogadouro. 

g)         FERNANDO da Guerra (-after 30 Dec 1410).  Senhor de Bragança.  m LEONOR Coutinho, daughter of VASCO Fernandes Coutinho Senhor de Couto de Leomil & his wife Ignes Alvares de Siqueira.  Fernando & his wife had one child: 

i)          DUARTE de Bragança (-Evora 1442).  Senhor de Bragança. 

7.         DINIZ de Portugal ([1354]-Castile 1397, bur Guadalupe)The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Juan, D. Dionis, D. Beatriz" as the children of "D. Pedro Rey de Portugal" and his second wife "D. Ines de Castro"[427]Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I names “[el] Infante Don Juan, é [el] Infante Don Donis, é...la Infanta Doña Beatriz” as the children of “el...Rey Don Pedro de Portugal” by “Doña Ines de Castro[428].  The testament of “D. Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 9 Dec 1358, made bequests to “El Rey D. Pedro meu filho...Infante D. Fernando meu neto...Infante D. Maria minha neta...Infante D. Joaõ meu neto...Infante D. Deniz meu neto...Infante D. Beatriz minha neta...D. Maria Girona minha sobrinha...[429]Created Senhor de Villar-Dompardo in Portugal at Elvas 24 May 1360.  Infante de Portugal when legitimated 19 Mar 1361.  The testament of “Rey D. Pedro...”, dated 16 Jan 1367, made bequests to “...Infante Donna Maria nossa filha que ora he em Aragom...Infante D. Beatriz nossa filha per cazamento...Infante Dom Joam nosso filho...Infante D. Diniz outro si nosso filho...[430]Señor de Cifuentes, Escalona y Alvar de Tormes 1372.  He claimed the throne of Portugal in 1383, proclaiming himself Diniz II King of Portugal from his refuge in Castile.  Betrothed (before 29 May 1374, contract presumably broken) to CONSTANZA de Castilla Señora de Alba de Tormes, illegitimate daughter of ENRIQUE II "él de las Mercedes" King of Castile & his mistress Elvira Íñiguez de la Vega.  The testament of “Don Enrique...Rey de Castilla...”, dated at Burgos 29 May 1374, bequeathed property to “...Doña Costanza mi fija (assuming the contract for her to marry “el Infante Don Dionis” is finalised)...”[431]m ([1376]) JUANA de Castilla, illegitimate daughter of ENRIQUE II "él de las Mercedes" King of Castile & his mistress Juana de Cifuentes (-bur Guadalupe)Sousa states that “Doña Juana hija del Rey Don Enrique...habida en Doña Juana de Cifuentes dama Aragonesa” married “el Infante Don Dionis de Portugal que tomó el título de Rey”, adding that the couple were buried “en Guadalupe[432]

-        TORRES e PORTUGAL, SEÑORES de CIFUENTES, SENHORES de VILLA-DOMPARDO[433].    

King Pedro I had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

8.          JOÃO de Aviz (Lisbon 11 Apr 1358-Lisbon 14 Aug 1433, bur Batalla)Grand Master of the Order of Aviz.  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I records that, after the death of King Fernando, “Don Juan Maestre Davis, hermano del Rey Don Ferrando de Portugal” called himself “Rey de Portogal[434].  He succeeded in 1385 as JOÃO I "o Falso" King of Portugal

-        see Chapter 2.  KINGS of PORTUGAL (AVIZ).

 

 

Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal, son of PEDRO I "o Justiceiro" King of Portugal & his second wife Constanza Manuel (Santarem 31 Oct 1345-Lisbon 29 Oct 1383, bur Santarem São Francisco).  The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando, D. Maria" as the children of "D. Pedro Rey de Portugal" and his wife "D. Constança" and his wife "D. Beatriz"[435]The Chronicon Conimbricensi records the birth “vespera de todos los Santos” in 1345 of “Infante D. Ferrando filho do Infante D. Pedro de Portugal è Infanta Doña Constanza[436].  The codicil of “Donna Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal”, dated 27 Dec 1354, amending her testament dated 21 Mar 1349, made bequests to “...Infante Dom Fernando meu neto...Infanta Donna Maria minha neta...[437]The testament of “D. Beatriz...Raynha de Portugal e do Algarve”, dated 9 Dec 1358, made bequests to “El Rey D. Pedro meu filho...Infante D. Fernando meu neto...Infante D. Maria minha neta...Infante D. Joaõ meu neto...Infante D. Deniz meu neto...Infante D. Beatriz minha neta...D. Maria Girona minha sobrinha...[438]He succeeded his father in 1367 as FERNANDO I "o Gentil" King of Portugal.  He claimed the throne of Castile in 1369, was recognised as legitimate heir by Pedro IV "el Ceremonioso" King of Aragon, but renounced his right in March 1371 under the Peace of Alcoutim.  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the betrothal proposal in 1371, as part of the peace agreement with Portugal, of “el Rey Don Ferrando de Portugal” and “la Infanta Doña Leonor fija del Rey Don Enrique”, but the refusal by the Portuguese king because he was already married[439]To forestall a possible Anglo/Portuguese invasion of Castile (in support of John of Gaunt, who claimed the throne of Castile in right of his wife), don Enrique II King of Castile invaded Portugal end-1372, entering Lisbon in February 1373.  He obliged Fernando I to sign the Peace of Santarem in March 1372 and agree to expel the supporters of his late predecessor Pedro "el Cruel".  This agreement was sealed by the betrothal of Fernando's half-sister doña Brites to Enrique's younger brother don Sancho.  Fearful of the growing power of Castile, Fernando allied himself with John of Gaunt in July 1380, betrothing his daughter to one of the latter's nephews, and agreeing to invade Castile jointly.  The alliances were reversed in August 1382 under the Peace of Elvas, with Fernando's daughter betrothed to Infante don Fernando de Castilla, younger son of don Juan I King of Castile (Juan substituted himself as Infanta dona Brites's husband after the death of his first wife). 

Betrothed (1366) to [Infanta] doña BEATRIZ de Castilla y León, [illegitimate] daughter of PEDRO I “el Cruel” King of Castile & his mistress [first wife] María de Padilla (Córdoba 1353-Tordesillas 1369).  Ayala´s Crónica de Pedro I records the betrothal in 1366 of “la Infanta Doña Beatriz” and “el Infante Don Ferrando fijo del Rey Don Pedro de Portogal[440]. 

m ([Mar] 1371) LEONOR Téllez de Meneses, daughter of MARTÍN Alfonso Téllez de Menezes & his wife Aldonza de Vasconcellos (-convent of Tordesillas near Valladolid 27 Apr 1386, bur Convent of Mercedes near Valladolid).  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the betrothal proposal in 1371, as part of the peace agreement with Portugal, of “el Rey Don Ferrando de Portugal” and “la Infanta Doña Leonor fija del Rey Don Enrique”, but the refusal by the Portuguese king because he was already married to “una Dueña del su Regno de Portogal...Doña Leonor Tellez de Meneses[441]Regent of Portugal for her daughter in 1383.  She was driven from Lisbon by a revolt of the Knights of the Order of Aviz. 

Mistress (1): ---.  The name of King Fernando's mistress is not known. 

King Fernando I & his wife had three children:

1.         Infanta dona BRITES de Portugal (Coimbra end 1372-Madrigal after 24 Dec 1406 maybe [1409], bur Toledo Cathedral).  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the agreement in 1373 for the marriage of “el Duque de Benavente Don Fadrique, fijo del Rey Don Enrique é de una Dueña...Doña Beatriz Ponce” and “la Infanta Doña Beatriz fija del Rey Don Ferrando de Portugal é de la Reyna Doña Leonor su muger”, as part of peace arrangements between Castile and Portugal brokered by “Don Guido Cardenal de Boloña Legado del Papa”, adding that Infanta dona Brites had been born in Coimbra while Enrique II King of Castile had been there when he entered Portugal[442].  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I records the betrothal in 1380 in Soria of “la Infanta Doña Beatriz fija del Rey Don Ferrando” and “el Infante Don Enrique fijo del Rey Don Juan que estonce nasciera[443]A charter dated 5 Jul 1380 refers to the marriage between Dom Fernando...rey de Portugal et de Algarve...reynha dona Leonor miucha molhir...a iffante dona Beatriz nossa filha” and “Dom Joham rey de Castella et de Leon et duque de Lancasgtre et...dona Constanca sua molhir...o...conde de Cantabryxa ssen filho[444].  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I records in 1382 that “la Infanta Doña Beatriz fija heredera del Rey Don Ferrando de Portogal” had been betrothed to “Eduarte fijo de Mosen Aymon” after “los Ingleses vinieron en Portogal[445]This betrothal was arranged by Edward´s uncle John of Gaunt, as part of the alliance with Portugal agreed in Jul 1380, but nullified when the king of Portugal signed the Peace of Elvas with Castile in Aug 1382.  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I records the betrothal in 1382 of “la Infanta Doña Beatriz fija heredera del Rey Don Ferrando de Portogal” and “el Infante Don Ferrando fijo segundo del Rey de Castilla” as part of the peace arrangements agreed between Castile and Portugal[446].  Brites´s marriage was arranged subsequent to the Peace of Elvas in Aug 1382, when King Juan substituted himself for his son as her husband after the death of his first wife.  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I records the details of the negotiations for the marriage, the signing of the marriage contract in 1383, and the marriage in “la villa de Yelves[447].  She succeeded her father in 1383 as BRITES Queen of Portugal.  Deposed 1383.  The testament of “don Henrique...Rey de Castilla...”, dated 24 Dec 1406, provided annual maintenance to “la Reyna doña Beatriz mi madre[448]Betrothed firstly (contract Burgos 9 Apr 1373) to FADRIQUE de Castilla, illegitimate son of ENRIQUE II King of Castile and León & his mistress Beatriz Ponce de León (-Almodovar del Río 1394).  Betrothed secondly (1380) to Infante don ENRIQUE de Castilla y León Principe de Asturias, son of JUAN I King of Castile & Infanta doña Leonor de Aragón (Burgos 4 Oct 1379-Toledo 25 Dec 1406).  He succeeded his father in 1390 as ENRIQUE III King of CastileBetrothed thirdly ([5 Jul 1380]) to EDWARD of Cambridge, son of EDMUND of Langley Earl of Cambridge [later Duke of York] & his first wife Infanta doña Isabel de Castilla ([Norwich] 1373-25 Oct 1415, bur Fotheringhay).  Betrothed fourthly (Aug 1382) to Infante don FERNANDO de Castilla y León, son of JUAN I King of Castile & his first wife Infanta doña Leonor de Aragón (Medina del Campo 27 Nov 1380-Igualada, near Barcelona 22 Apr 1416).  Under the Compromise of Caspe 25 Jun 1412, he was chosen to succeed as FERNANDO I "él de Antequera" King of Aragonm (by proxy Salvaterra 30 Apr 1383 in person Badajoz 14 May 1383) as his second wife, JUAN I King of Castile, son of ENRIQUE II "él de las Mercedes" King of Castile & his wife Juana Manuel de Castilla Señora de Villena, Peñafiel y Escalona (Epila 24 Aug 1358-Alcalá de Henares 9 Oct 1390, bur Toledo Cathedral).  He claimed the throne of Portugal 1383-1385 by right of his wife and adopted the title JOÃO I King of Portugal.  He invaded Portugal 20 Dec 1383, captured Santarem the following month, and encircled Lisbon in March 1384.  He was defeated firstly at Los Atoleiros 6 April 1384 by Nun Alvares Pereira, and again by the forces of dom João de Aviz (who had proclaimed himself King of Portugal at Coimbra 6 Apr 1385) at Trancoso in May 1385 and, decisively, at Aljubarrota 14 Aug 1385. 

2.         Infante dom PEDRO de Portugal (1380-1380, 4 days old).

3.         Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal (1382-1382).

King Fernando I had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1): 

4.          ISABEL de Portugal (1364-Marans, France after 1395)Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the agreement in 1373 for the marriage of “el Conde Don Alfonso fijo del Rey Don Enrique” and “otra fija del Rey de Portugal...Doña Isabel, que ovo en una Dueña antes que casase”, as part of peace arrangements between Castile and Portugal brokered by “Don Guido Cardenal de Boloña Legado del Papa”, with “la cibdad de Viseo...Celorico é Linares” as her dowry[449].  “D. Fernando...Rey de Portugal” granted “nossa Cidade de Viseu e os lugares de Linhares, e Cerolico e de Algodres” to “Condeça D. Isabel minha filha...sposada per palavras de prezente com D. Affonso Conde de Noronha Senhor de Atera e de Ribeyra filho do...D. Anrique Rey de Castella e de Liom nosso irmaõ” by charter dated 2 Oct 1377[450].  Ayala´s Crónica de Enrique II records the couple´s marriage in Burgos in 1378[451].  m (contract Burgos 9 Apr 1373, Burgos 1377) ALFONSO Enríquez de Castilla Conde de Gijón y Noreña, illegitimate son of ENRIQUE II "él de las Mercedes" King of Castile & his mistress Elvira Íñiguez de Vega (1355-Marans after 1395).

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    KINGS OF PORTUGAL 1385-1580 (AVIZ)

 

 

JOÃO de Aviz, illegitimate son of PEDRO I King of Portugal & his mistress Teresa Gille Lourenço (Lisbon 11 Apr 1358-Lisbon from the plague 14 Aug 1433, bur Batalla).  Grand Master of the Order of Aviz.  Ayala´s Crónica de Juan I records that, after the death of King Fernando, “Don Juan Maestre Davis, hermano del Rey Don Ferrando de Portugal” called himself “Rey de Portogal[452].  He was proclaimed JOÃO I "o Falso" King of Portugal at Coimbra 6 Apr 1385.  His forces defeated the Castillian army of his rival don Juan I King of Castile at Trancoso in May 1385, and decisively at Aljubarrota in August 1385.  He allied himself with John of Gaunt (who claimed the throne of Castile by right of his second wife) in Spring 1386, an alliance later confirmed by his betrothal to John's daughter.  Portuguese forces invaded Castile and occupied Badajoz in May 1396, in revenge for which Castilian troops under Ruy López Dávalos burned Viseo.  Peace with Castile was finally restored in 1402. 

m (Oporto Cathedral 11 Feb 1387) PHILIPPA of Lancaster, daughter of JOHN of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster & his first wife Blanche of Lancaster (Leicester Castle 31 Mar 1360-Odivelas near Lisbon 19 Jul 1415, bur Odivelas Abbey, later removed to Batalha Abbey).  A late 15th century/early 16th century manuscript names “Henricum regum IIII, Elezabetham comitissam Huntyndonie, Phelippam reginam Portingalie, Edwardum et Johannem qui moriuntur” as the children of “Johannes Gaunt Dux Lancastrie et quartus filius Edward III” and his first wife “Blanchiam filiam Henrici ducis Lancastrie[453].  The will of "John son of the King of England, Duke of Lancaster", dated 3 Feb 1397, chose burial “in the cathedral church of St Paul, of London...beside my...late wife Blanch”, bequeathed property to “Dame Katherine del Staple...my...wife Katherine...my...brother the Duke of York...my...son Henry Duke of Hereford, Earl of Derby...my...daughter Philippa Queen of Portugal...my...daughter Katherine Queen of Castile and Leon...my...daughter Elizabeth Duchess of Exeter...my...son John Beaufort Marquis of Dorset...my...son the Bishop of Lincoln...my...son Thomas Beaufort...my...daughter their sister Countess of Westmoreland and Lady of Nevil...my...son John brother to...Henry...Mons. Thomas Swyneford...Mons Walter Blount...[454].  She died of the plague.

Mistress (1): INEZ Perez Esteves, daughter of PEDRO Esteves & his wife Mecia Annes.  Commander of Santos [1400]. 

King João I & his wife had twelve children: 

1.         Infanta dona BRANCA de Portugal (Lisbon 13 Jul 1388-Lisbon Mar 1389, bur Lisbon Cathedral)

2.         Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal (Santarem 30 Jul 1390-Braga 22 Dec 1400, bur Braga Cathedral).

3.         Infante dom DUARTE de Portugal (Viseu 31 Oct 1391-Thomar 9 Sep 1438, bur Batalla)He succeeded his father 1433 as DUARTE King of Portugal

-        see below

4.         Infante dom PEDRO de Portugal (Lisbon 9 Dec 1392-killed in battle on the banks of the River Alfarobeia 20 May 1449, bur Batalla).  Created Duque de Coimbra at Tavira 11 Sep 1415.  Joint regent of Portugal 1439-1446 during the minority of his nephew dom Afonso V King of Portugal.  m (Alcolea del Cinca 13 Sep 1428) ISABEL de Urgel, daughter of JAIME de Urgel [Aragón] Conde de Urgel & his wife Infanta doña Isabel de Aragón (1409-Coimbra 1443, bur Batalla).  Infante Pedro & his wife had six children: 

a)         PEDRO de Portugal (1429-killed in battle Granollers 30 Jun 1466, bur Barcelona Santa María).  Constable of Portugal.  During the civil war in Aragon, Catalan rebels summoned Pedro to claim the throne of Aragon, as heir to his maternal grandfather don Jaime II Conde de Urgel who had unsuccessfully claimed the Aragonese crown in 1410.  He landed in Barcelona in Jan 1464, but don Juan II King of Aragon defeated him near Prats de Rei in Feb 1465. 

b)         JOÃO de Portugal (1431-murdered 7 Oct 1457)He succeeded his father 1449 as Duque de Coimbra.  Regent of Cyprus and Prince of Antioch 1456.  He was poisoned by his mother-in-law.  m (21 Dec 1456) as her first husband, CHARLOTTE Pss of Cyprus, daughter and heiress of JEAN II King of Cyprus [Lusignan-Poitiers] & his second wife Helena Palaiologina of Achaia (28 Jun 1444-Rome 16 Jul 1487).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Cleopa, che morite picola, e Carlotta, che fu la prima" as the two children of "Joanne, secondo figliolo de re Jannus" and his second wife, stating that Charlotte married firstly "Joan de Bortogalo, principe de Antiochia, e morite senza heredi alli 22 di zugno 1457" and secondly "Alvise figliolo del signor duca de Savoia e de dama Anna de Lusignan, el qual era suo cusin zerman"[455].  The "New Chronicle" records the date of her first marriage and the date and place of her second marriage[456].  She succeeded her father 1458 as Queen of Cyprus, deposed 1462.  She married secondly (Nicosia 4 Oct 1459) Louis de Savoie Comte de Genève (-16 Jul 1482), who became King of Cyprus 1459-1462. 

c)         ISABEL de Portugal (1432-Evora 2 Dec 1455, bur Batalla)m (6 May 1448) her first cousin, AFONSO V King of Portugal, son of DUARTE King of Portugal & his wife Philippa of Lancaster (Sintra 15 Jan 1432-Sintra 28 Aug 1481).

d)         JAIME de Portugal (16 Sep 1434-Florence 15 Apr 1459, bur Florence San Miniar).  Bishop of Airas 1453.  Archbishop of Lisbon 1453.  Titular Bishop of Paphos 1454.  Cardinal-deacon 1456.  .

e)         BRITES de Portugal ([1435]-Bruges Feb 1462, bur Le Quesnoy)m (13 May 1453) as his first wife, ADOLF von Kleve-Ravenstein, son of ADOLF II Duke of Kleve & his second wife Marie de Bourgogne [Valois-Capet] (28 Jun 1425-18 Sep 1492, bur Brussels Franciscan Priory).  Lieutenant General of Burgundy.  Captain General of Hainaut 1477-1482. 

f)          FILIPPA de Portugal (Coimbra 1437-Odivellas 25 Jul 1497, bur Odivellas).  Nun at convent of Odivellas 1493.

5.         Infante dom HENRIQUE "o Navegador" de Portugal (Oporto 4 Mar 1394-Sagres 13 Nov 1460, bur Batalla).  Created Duque de Viseu 11 Sep 1415.

6.         Infanta dona LEONOR (-young). 

7.         Infanta dona ISABEL de Portugal (Evora 21 Feb 1397-Aire, Pas-de-Calais 17 Dec 1472, bur Dijon église des Chartreux)m (contract Lisbon 24 Jul 1429, by proxy Lisbon 25 Jul 1429, in person Bruges 7 Jan 1430) as his third wife, PHILIPPE III "le Bon" Duke of Burgundy, son of JEAN "Sans-Peur" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Marguerite de Hainaut (Dijon 31 Jul 1396-Bruges 15 Jun 1467, bur Dijon église des Chartreux).  

8.         Infanta dona BRANCA de Portugal (1398-young). 

9.         Infante dom JOÃO de Portugal (Santarem 13 Jan 1400-Alcacer-de-Sal 18 Oct 1442, bur Batalla)m (11 Nov 1424) his niece, ISABEL de Portugal, daughter of AFONSO de Portugal Conde de Ourem e Arrayolos [later Duque de Bragança] & his first wife Brites Pereira Condesa de Barcellos (Oct 1402-Arevalo 26 Oct 1465, bur Batalla).  Infante João & his wife had four children: 

a)         DIEGO de Portugal ([1426]-1443, bur Batalla).  Constable of Portugal 1442. 

b)         ISABEL de Portugal ([1428]-Arevalo 15 Aug 1496, bur Carthusian convent at Miraflora near Burgos).  When her husband died, she retired with her two children to the fortress of Arevalo, where she gradually went insane.  m (Madrigalejo [15] Aug 1447) as his second wife, JUAN II King of Castile, son of ENRIQUE III "el Doliente" King of Castile & his wife Katharine of Lancaster (Toro 6 Mar 1405-Valladolid 20 Jul 1454, bur Burgos).

c)         BRITES de Portugal ([1430]-Beja 30 Sep 1506, bur Beja Santa Maria).  Founded the convent of Santa Maria at Beja.  m (Alcacovas 16 Mar 1452) her first cousin, Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal Duque de Beja, son of DUARTE I King of Portugal & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Aragón (Almeirim 17 Nov 1433-Setubal 18 Sep 1470, bur Beja Santa Maria Concepção).  Created Duque de Beja e Salvaterra Senhor de Madeira and Cape Verde Islands at Ceuta 1452, confirmed at Lisbon 18 Feb 1457.  He succeeded his uncle 1460 as Duque de Viseu Senhor de Covillan e Moura.  Constable of Portugal 1466. 

d)         dona FILIPPA de Portugal ([1432]-[1444]).  Senhora de Villa de Almada.

10.      Infante dom FERNANDO "the Blessed" de Portugal (Santarem 29 Sep 1402-killed in battle Fez 5 Jun 1433, bur Batalla).  Grand Master of the Order of Aviz.  He died while a hostage of the Moors. 

11.      Infanta dona JUANA (-young).

12.      Infante dom DINIZ (-young).

King João I had three illegitimate children by Mistress (1):    

13.       AFONSO de Portugal ([Veiros Alentejo 10 Aug 1377]-Chaves [15] Dec 1461, bur Chaves)Created Conde de Neiva 31 Oct 1391.  Legitimated by his father 20 Oct 1401.  Succeeded 1401 as Conde de Barcellos in right of his wife.  Created Conde de Faria e Penafiel 8 Nov 1401.  Created Conde de Ourem e Arrayolos 1422.  Created Duque de Bragança 30 Dec 1442.  Senhor de Guimaraes e Villa Viçosa [1450].  m firstly (Leyria 8 Nov 1401) BRITES Pereira Condesa de Barcellos, Ourem e Arrayolos, daughter and heiress of NUNHO Alvarez Pereira Conde de Barcellos Ourem e Arrayolos [Constable of Portugal] & his wife dona Leonor Alvim   Condesa de Barcellos ([1380]-Lisbon [1412], bur Lisbon Convent of Santa Clara Villa de Conde).  m secondly (Sintra 23 Jul 1420) CONSTANZA Enríquez, daughter of ALFONSO Enríquez Conde de Gijón y Noronha [Castilla] & his wife Isabel de Portugal (-Guimaraes 26 Jan 1480, bur Guimaraes convent of São Francisco). 

-        DUQUES DE BRAGANÇA[457].    

14.       BRANCA de Portugal (1378-young).  

15.       BRITES de Portugal ([1386]-Bordeaux 23 Oct 1439, bur Arundel)Probably legitimated by her father.  She was naturalised in England in 1421 to settle a dispute about her dower.  No issue by either marriage.   m firstly (by proxy Lambeth 26 Nov 1405, in person London Apr 1411) THOMAS Fitzalan Earl of Arundel and Surrey, son of Richard Fitzalan Earl of Arundel & his first wife Elizabeth de Bohun (13 Oct 1381-Arundel 13 Oct 1415, bur Arundel chapel).  m secondly (licence 20 Jan 1433) as his second wife. JOHN Holand Earl of Huntingdon, son of JOHN de Holand Duke of Exeter & his wife Elizabeth of Lancaster (Dartington, Devon 29 Mar 1395-5 Aug 1447 bur London, Church of St Katharine by the Tower).  He was created Duke of Exeter 6 Jan 1444. 

 

 

Infante dom DUARTE de Portugal, son of JOÃO I "o Falso" King of Portugal & his wife Philippa of Lancaster (Viseu 31 Oct 1391-Thomar 9 Sep 1438, bur Batalla).  He succeeded his father in 1433 as DUARTE King of Portugal

m (Coimbra 4 Nov 1428) Infanta doña LEONOR de Aragón, daughter of FERNANDO I "él de Antequera" King of Aragon & his wife Leonor Urraca de Castilla "la Ricahembra" Condesa de Alburquerque ([1400]-Toledo 19 Feb 1445, bur 1456 Batalla).  Joint Regent of Portugal for her son 1438-1445. 

Mistress (1): JUANA Manuel, daughter of FERNANDO Manuel [Castilla] de la Torre Señor de Cebica & his wife Mencía Rodríguez de Fonseca. 

King Duarte & his wife had nine children: 

1.         Infante dom JOÃO de Portugal (Lisbon [15] Oct 1429-before 1433, bur Batalla).

2.         Infanta dona FILIPPA de Portugal (Santarem 27 Nov 1430-Lisbon 24 Mar 1439, bur Batalla).  She died of the plague. 

3.         Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal (Sintra 15 Jan 1432-Sintra 28 Aug 1481)He succeeded his father 1438 as AFONSO V King of Portugal.  After the death of his wife, Alfonso V King of Portugal requested the hand in marriage of Infanta doña Juana de Castilla, daughter of don Enrique IV King of Castile, delivered her from Villena 12 May 1475, but his further progress was blocked after the indecisive battle at Toro 1 May 1476.  He died of the plague.  m (6 May 1448) ISABEL de Portugal, daughter of Infante dom PEDRO de Portugal & his wife Isabel de Urgel [Aragón] (1432-Evora 2 Dec 1455, bur Batalla).  King Afonso V & his wife had three children: 

a)         Infante dom JOÃO de Portugal (Sintra 29 Jan 1451-before 1455, bur Batalla).

b)         Infanta dona JOANA de Portugal (Lisbon 6 Feb 1452-Aveiro 12 May 1490).  Regent of Portugal 1471-75.  Dominican nun at the convent of Jesus de Aveiro 1475.  Beatified 1693.

c)         Infante dom JOÃO de Portugal (Lisbon 5 May 1455-Alvora Algarve 25 Oct 1495, bur Batalla)Regent of Portugal 1475-1477.  He succeeded his father 1481 as dom JOÃO II "o Severo" King of Portugalm (Setubal 22 Jan 1471) his first cousin, LEONOR de Portugal, daughter of Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal Duque de Beja & his wife Brites de Portugal (Beja 2 May 1458-Lisbon 17 Nov 1525, bur Lisbon Xabregas convent).  Mistress (1): ANA Hurtado de Mendoza, daughter of NÚÑEZ Hurtado de Mendoza & his wife Leonor da Silva.  King João II & his wife had two children: 

i)          Infante dom AFONSO de Portugal (Lisbon 18 May 1475-near Santarem 13 Jul 1491, bur Batalla)He died after falling from his horse.  m (by proxy Seville 18 Apr 1490, in person Lisbon 22 Nov 1490) as her first husband, Infanta doña ISABEL de Aragón, daughter of FERNANDO V King of Aragon & his first wife Isabel I Queen of Castile (Duenas 2 Oct 1470-Zaragoza 23 Aug 1498, bur Toledo).  She married secondly (Valencia de Alcántara Oct 1497) her first husband's first cousin, dom Manoel I King of Portugal.  Susceptible to melancholy, probably inherited from her maternal grandmother, she experienced a period of profound depression and religious fervour after the death of her first husband.  She was recognised heir to the throne of Castile 29 Apr 1498, and declared Pss de Asturias.   

ii)         Infante dom JOÃO de Portugal (b and d [Feb/Mar] 1483).

King João II had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):    

iii)        JORGE de Lancastre (Abrantes 12 Aug 1481-Setubal 22 Jul 1550, bur Monastery of Castele de Palmela).  Senhor de Aveiro Montemor-o-Velho Penello Castel-Novo Alcacer e Torres-Novas 1492.  Chosen as heir to the throne 29 Sep 1495.  Created Duque de Coimbra (non-hereditary title) 30 Sep 1495.  Grand Admiral of Portugal.  General.  Grand Alcalde of Coimbra 1532.  m (31 May 1500) BRITES de Portugal-Villena-Melo, daughter of ALVARO I de Portugal Senhor de Ferreira & his wife Filippa de Melo ([1483]-Oct 1535).   

-         de LANCASTRE, DUQUES de AVEIRO, TORRES-NOVAS e ABRANTES[458].    

4.         Infante dona MARIA de Portugal (Sardoal 7 Dec 1432-8 Dec 1432, bur Batalla).

5.         Infante dom FERNANDO de Portugal (Almeirim 17 Nov 1433-Setubal 18 Sep 1470, bur Beja Santa Maria Concepção)Pr de Portugal 1438-1451, as heir to the throne until the birth of his nephew.  Created Duque de Beja e Salvaterra Senhor de Madeira and Cape Verde Islands at Ceuta 1452, confirmed at Lisbon 18 Feb 1457.  He succeeded his uncle 1460 as Duque de Viseu Senhor de Covillan e Moura.  Constable of Portugal 1466.  m (Alcaçovas 16 Mar 1452) his first cousin, BRITES de Portugal, daughter of Infante dom JOÃO de Portugal & his wife Isabel de Portugal-Bragança ([1430]-Beja 30 Sep 1506, bur Beja Santa Maria).  Infante Fernando & his wife had ten children: 

a)         JOÃO de Portugal ([1456]-1483).  He succeeded his father 1470 as Duque de Beja, Duque de Viseu.  Senhor de Madeira and the Cape Verde Islands.  Senhor de Salvaterra Beja Serpa and Moura. 

b)         LEONOR de Portugal (Beja 2 May 1458-Lisbon 17 Nov 1525, bur Lisbon Xabregas Convent).  m (Setubal 22 Jan 1471) her first cousin, Infante dom JOÃO de Portugal, son of AFONSO V King of Portugal & his wife Isabel de Portugal (Lisbon 5 May 1455-Alvora Algarve 25 Oct 1495, bur Batalla).  He succeeded 1481 as JOÃO II "o Severo" King of Portugal

c)         ISABEL de Portugal (1459-Apr 1521, bur Lisbon Convent of the Mother of God)m (19 Sep 1472) as his second wife, her second cousin, FERNANDO de Portugal[-Bragança] Conde e Duque de Guimaraes, son of FERNANDO I de Portugal-Bragança Duque de Bragança & his wife Joanna de Castro Senhora de Cadaval (end 1430-beheaded Evora 21 Jun 1483, bur Villa Viçosa São Agostinho).  He succeeded his father in 1478 as Duque de Bragança.

d)         DIEGO de Portugal (1460-murdered Setubal 23 Aug 1484, bur Batalla)Duque de Beja e de Viseu.  Dom João II King of Portugal stabbed him to death.  Mistress (1): LEONOR de Sotomayor, wife of ALFONSO de Aragón Duque de Villahermosa, daughter of JUAN de Sotomayor & his wife Isabel de Portugal-Eça ([1460]-1522).  Diego had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

i)          AFONSO de Portugal (Castile [1484]-Beja [15] Oct 1504).  Legitimated.  Duque de Viseu [1484].  Constable of Portugal 1500.  m (Leiria 2 Jun 1500) JUANA de Noroña, daughter of PEDRO de Meneses Marqués de Villa-Real & his wife Brites de Portugal-Bragança.  Afonso & his wife had one child: 

(a)        BRITES de Portugal-Lara ([1503]-after 1520).  Marquesa de Villa-Real.  m (Dec 1519) PEDRO de Meneses Marqués de Villa-Real. 

e)         DUARTE de Portugal (1462-young).

f)          DINIZ de Portugal (1464-young, bur Beja).

g)         CATARINA de Portugal ([1465]-young).

h)         SIMIÃO de Portugal (1467-young, bur Beja).

i)          AFONSO de Portugal (1468-young).

j)          MANOEL de Portugal (Alcocheta, Tago 1 Jun 1469-Lisbon, Royal Palace of Rive 13 Dec 1521, bur Belem, Monastery of São Geronimo).  He succeeded his first cousin in 1495 as MANOEL I King of Portugal.   

-        KINGS of PORTUGAL

6.         Infanta dona LEONOR de Portugal (Torres Novas Vedras 18 Sep 1434-Wiener Neustadt 3 Sep 1467, bur Wiener Neustadt Kloster St Trinitatis)The Catalogus abbatum Sanganensium records that "Fridericus dux Austrie" married "filiam regis Portugalie"[459].  The Necrologium Austriacum names "eines konigs tochter von Portugall Leonora" as wife of Emperor Friedrich III[460].  The necrology of Heiligenkreuz records the death "III Non 1464" of "Leonora conthoralis Friderici imperatoris" and her burial "in monii S Trinitatis in Nova Civitate"[461].  The year in this entry is not corroborated by other sources and should be viewed with caution in light of the number of inaccuracies noted in this necrology.  m (by proxy 9 Aug 1451 in person Rome 16 Mar 1452) FRIEDRICH III Duke of Austria King of Germany, son of ERNST I "der Eiserne" Duke of Inner Austria & his second wife Cimburka of Masovia (Innsbruck 21 Sep 1415-Linz 19 Aug 1493, bur Vienna St Stefan).  Crowned Emperor 19 Mar 1452 at Rome. 

7.         Infante dom DUARTE de Portugal (Alenquer 12 Jul 1435-1435).

8.         Infanta dona CATARINA de Portugal (Lisbon 26 Nov 1436-Lisbon 17 Jun 1463, bur Lisbon São Eloy).  Nun at convent of Santa Clara in Lisbon.  Betrothed to Infante don CARLOS de Aragón y Navarra Principe de Viana, son of Infante don JUAN de Aragón, JUAN King of Navarre [later JUAN II King of Aragon] & his wife Blanche d'Evreux-Navarre (Peñafiel 29 May 1421-Barcelona 23 Sep 1461).    

9.         Infanta dona JUANA de Portugal (posthumously Monte Oliveto near Almada-Tojal [20] Mar 1439-Madrid 12 Dec 1475, bur Madrid)m (Córdoba 21 May 1455) as his second wife, ENRIQUE IV "el Impotente" King of Castile, son of JUAN II King of Castile & his first wife Infanta doña María de Aragón (Valladolid 4 Jan 1425-Madrid 11 Dec 1474, bur Madrid).  Mistress: of PEDRO de Castilla "el Mozo", son of PEDRO de Castilla "el Viejo" & his wife Beatriz de FonsEça y Ulloa, by whom she had two illegitimate sons.

King Duarte had one illegitimate child Mistress (1): 

10.       JOÃO Manoel (-[1476/88]).  Provincial leader of the Carmelite order 1441.  Bishop of Ceuta 1443.  Primate of Africa 1444.  Bishop of Guarda 1459 resigned 1476.

Mistress (1): JUSTA Rodriguez Pereira, daughter of FRANCISCO Rodriguez Pereira & his wife Simoa Tavares (-after 1470), by whom he had two illegitimate sons.

-        Casa  MANOEL[462]

 

 

 



[1] Payne, S. G. (1973) A History of Spain and Portugal, Volume 1 - Antiquity to the Seventeenth Century (University of Wisconsin Press), in the Library of Iberian Resources Online, available at http://libro.uca.edu/payne1/spainport1.htm [15 Dec 2002], Chapter 6, pp. 115/116.

[2] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1876-1903) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny (Paris) Tome IV, 3516, p. 632, dated "avant 1078" in this edition, although this would appear incorrect as Duke Eudes only succeeded his brother in 1079. 

[3] Laurent, J. (ed.) (1911) Cartulaires de l'abbaye de Molesme, Tome II (Paris), 6, p. 12. 

[4] Godefroy, T. (1610) De l'origine des roys de Portugal yssus en ligne masculine de la maison de France (Paris), quoted in Kerrebrouck, P. Van (2000) Les Capétiens 987-1328 (Villeneuve d'Asq), p. 560 footnote 16, which says that this chronicle fragment was first published at Frankfurt in 1596. 

[5] Reilly, B. F. (1988) The Kingdom of León-Castilla under King Alfonso VI 1065-1109 (Princeton University Press), in the Library of Iberian Resources Online, available at http://libro.uca.edu/alfonso6/alfonso.htm [7 Dec 2002], Chapter 12, p 194, and Le Hête, T. Les Comtes Palatins de Bourgogne et leur descendance agnatique (1995) p. 176. 

[6] Reilly (1988) Chapter 12, p. 251. 

[7] Sousa, A. C. de (1739) Provas da Historia Genealogica da Casa Real Portugueza (Lisbon), Tomo I, I, p. 2. 

[8] Castro Toledo, J. (1981) Colección diplomática de Tordesillas (Valladolid) (“Tordesillas”), 8, p. 6. 

[9] Tordesillas, 9, p. 7. 

[10] Reilly, B. F. (1982) The Kingdom of León-Castilla under Queen Urraca 1109-1126 (Princeton University Press), in the Library of Iberian Resources Online, available at http://libro.uca.edu/urraca/urraca.htm [7 Dec 2002], Chapter 1, p. 34. 

[11] Vignau Ballester. V. (ed.) (1885) Cartulario del monasterio de Eslonza (Madrid) ("Eslonza"), Part I, VI, p. 10. 

[12] Lespinasse, R. de (ed.) (1887) Cartulaire du prieuré de la Charité-sur-Loire (Nevers) XL, p. 107. 

[13] Reilly (1982) Chapter 1, p. 37. 

[14] Fernández Flórez, J. A. (ed.) (1991) Colección diplomática del monasterio de Sahagún (León) (“Sahagún”), Tomo IV, 1185, p. 30. 

[15] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 420. 

[16] Faria i Sousa, F. & Alarcon, F. A. de (eds.) (1641) Nobiliario del Conde de Barcelos Don Pedro (Madrid) ("Pedro Barcelos"), Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 1 p. 26. 

[17] Chronicon Regum Legionensium: Barton, S. and Fletcher, R. (trans. and eds.) The World of El Cid: Chronicles of the Spanish Reconquest (Manchester UP), p. 87. 

[18] Rodríguez González, M. C. ´Concubina o esposa. Reflexiones sobre la unión de Jimena Muñiz con Alfonso VI´, Studia Historica, Historia Medieval No. 25 (2007), p. 145, quoting Fernández Catón, J. M. (1990) Colección documental del Archivo de la Catedral de León (1109-1187) (León), Vol. V, doc. 1436. 

[19] Pérez, J., Romualdo Escalona, F. (1782) Historia del real monasterio de Sahagun (Madrid) ("Sahagún (Pérez)"), Appendice I, Historia del monasterio de Sahagun, Cap. XXI, p. 306. 

[20] Godefroy (1610), quoted in Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 560 footnote 16, which says that this chronicle fragment was first published at Frankfurt in 1596. 

[21] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, I, p. 2. 

[22] Eslonza, Part I, VI, p. 10. 

[23] La Charité-sur-Loire XL, p. 107.  

[24] Reilly (1982) Chapter 5, p. 154. 

[25] Historia Compostelana, España Sagrada XX, pp. 517-8. 

[26] Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris I, 5, p. 165. 

[27] Cluny Tome V, 3995, p. 346. 

[28] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 422. 

[29] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, I, p. 2. 

[30] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 88. 

[31] Barton, S. (2002) The aristocracy in twelfth-century León and Castile (Cambridge University Press), Appendix 3, I, p. 308. 

[32] Barton (2002), Appendix 3, II, p. 310. 

[33] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 422. 

[34] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Pereiras, 31, p. 64. 

[35] Barton (2002), Appendix 3, XII, p. 320. 

[36] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 88. 

[37] Barton (2002), p. 302, citing Azevedo, R. de (ed.) (1958) Documentos medievais portugueses: Documentos regios (Lisbon), I, pp. 374-6 and 376-9 [not yet consulted]. 

[38] Rodríguez González, M. C. ´Concubina o esposa. Reflexiones sobre la unión de Jimena Muñiz con Alfonso VI´, Studia Historica, Historia Medieval No. 25 (2007), p. 145, quoting Fernández Catón, J. M. (1990) Colección documental del Archivo de la Catedral de León (1109-1187) (León), Vol. V, doc. 1436. 

[39] Sousa, A. C. de (1735) Historia Genealogica da Casa Real Portugueza (Lisbon), Tomo I, p. 40. 

[40] Brandaõ, A. (1632) Terceira Parte da Monarchia Lusitana (Lisbon), Liber VIII, cap. XXVII, p. 53, citing “Livro fides da Sè de Braga”. 

[41] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 2 p. 29, 5 p. 140, and 4, p. 204. 

[42] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 165. 

[43] Barton (2002), p. 302, citing Mattoso, J. (1985) Ricos-homens, infanções e cavaleiros: a nobreza medieval portuguesa nos séculos XI e XII (Lisbon), p. 124 [not yet consulted]. 

[44] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. I, Reyes de Portugal, 1 p. 26. 

[45] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 40. 

[46] Brandaõ (1632) Terceira Parte, Liber VIII, cap. XXVII, p. 53 (second page). 

[47] Barton (2002), p. 302, citing Azevedo (1958), I, pp. 374-6 and 376-9 [not yet consulted]. 

[48] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 40, citing Nunes do Leaõ Chronica do Conde D. Henrique, fol. 22 [not yet consulted]. 

[49] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 88. 

[50] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 40, citing Nunes do Leaõ Chronica do Conde D. Henrique, fol. 13 [not yet consulted]. 

[51] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 7, p. 13. 

[52] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 48. 

[53] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 88. 

[54] Barbosa J. (1727) Catalogo Chronologico, Historico, Genealogico e Critico das Rainhas de Portugal e seus filhos (Lisbon), p. 80. 

[55] Brandaõ (1632) Terceira Parte, Liber VIII, cap. XXVI, p. 50 (second page) and p. 51. 

[56] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 420. 

[57] López Ferreiro, A. (1901) Historia de la Santa Iglesia de Santiago de Compostela (Santiago), Tomo IV, Apéndice, V, p. 12. 

[58] La Charité-sur-Loire XLI, p. 109. 

[59] This event is recorded in The Conquest of Lisbon by the priest Raol in [1147/48], see David, C. W. (ed. & trans.) (1936) De expugnatione Lyxbonensi: The Conquest of Lisbon (New York). 

[60] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 383. 

[61] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 332. 

[62] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1144, MGH SS XXIII, p. 837. 

[63] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[64] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 426. 

[65] Brandaõ (1632) Terceira Parte, Liber X, cap. XIX, p. 156. 

[66] Chronica Breve do Archivo Nacional, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, III, p. 29. 

[67] La Charité-sur-Loire XLI, p. 109. 

[68] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 428. 

[69] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 2 p. 29. 

[70] Brandaõ (1632) Terceira Parte, Liber X, cap. XIX, p. 155 (second page). 

[71] Chronica Breve do Archivo Nacional, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, II, p. 25. 

[72] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[73] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, pp. 426 and 428. 

[74] Crónica Latina de los reyes de Castilla, II, 10, consulted at <http://www.geocities.com/iblbo/archivo/cronicacastilla.menu.htm> (12 Apr 2008). 

[75] Sahagún (Pérez), Apéndice III, Escritura CLXXIII, p. 639. 

[76] Salazar y Castro, L. (1697) Historia genealogica de la casa de Lara (Madrid), Tomo III, Libro XVI, cap. II, p. 16, quoting Archivo de Uclés

[77] Salazar y Castro (1697), Tomo III, Libro XVI, cap. II, p. 15, quoting Lucas Tudensis, Tome 4, lib. 4. 

[78] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 61. 

[79] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[80] Brandaõ (1632) Terceira Parte, Liber X, cap. XIX, p. 156 (second page). 

[81] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[82] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 426. 

[83] Flandria Generosa (Continuatio Claromariscensis) 9, MGH SS IX, p. 329. 

[84] Flandria Generosa (Continuatio Claromariscensis) 8, MGH SS IX, p. 329. 

[85] Nicholas, D. (1992) Medieval Flanders (Longman), p. 74. 

[86] Teulet, A. (ed.) (1863) Layettes du trésor des chartes (Paris), Vol. I, 428, p. 181. 

[87] Flandria Generosa (Continuatio Claromariscensis) 13 and 14, MGH SS IX, pp. 330-1. 

[88] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1218, MGH SS XXIII, p. 907. 

[89] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 575. 

[90] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 2 p. 29, and 26 p. 194. 

[91] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 162. 

[92] Salazar y Castro (1697), Tomo III, Libro XVI, cap. XI, p. 70. 

[93] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 2 p. 29, 5 p. 140, and 4, p. 204. 

[94] Os Livro de Linhagens, II, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 175. 

[95] Brandaõ (1632) Terceira Parte, Liber X, cap. XX, p. 157 (second page). 

[96] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 7, p. 13. 

[97] Brandaõ (1632) Terceira Parte, Liber X, cap. XX, p. 157 (second page). 

[98] Brandaõ (1632) Terceira Parte, Liber X, cap. XX, p. 158. 

[99] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 61. 

[100] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[101] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, pp. 426-7. 

[102] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 9, p. 16. 

[103] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 8, p. 15. 

[104] Payne Chapter 6, p. 119. 

[105] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[106] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[107] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 383. 

[108] Ubieto Arteta, A. (ed.) (1989)"Corónicas" Navarras (Zaragoza) 1.10, p. 31. 

[109] Ex Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium, RHGF XII, p. 377. 

[110] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[111] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 428. 

[112] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 9, p. 16. 

[113] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 8, p. 15. 

[114] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[115] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 167. 

[116] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[117] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[118] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30, Tit. XIII, Lima, 2 p. 95, and 3 p. 302. 

[119] Argote Molina, G. (1588) Nobleza del Andaluzia (Sevilla), p. 90. 

[120] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[121] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[122] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 9, p. 16. 

[123] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 383. 

[124] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[125] Szabolcs de Vajay 'From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X, the first two centuries of the Burgundian dynasty in Castile and Leon - a prosopographical catalogue in social genealogy, 1100-1300', Studies in Genealogy and Family History in tribute to Charles Evans, edited Lindsay L Brook (Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy Ltd, Occasional Publication no 2, 1989, Salt Lake City, Utah), p. 376. 

[126] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[127] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 9, p. 16. 

[128] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[129] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 333. 

[130] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 88 (no source citation reference). 

[131] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 333. 

[132] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 9, p. 16. 

[133] Brandaõ (1632) Quarta Parte, Liber XII, cap. XXI, p. 33. 

[134] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[135] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 333. 

[136] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 383. 

[137] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 9, p. 16. 

[138] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[139] Salazar y Acha, J. (2000) La casa del Rey de Castilla y León en la Edad Media (Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales Madrid), p. 371. 

[140] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 12, p. 25. 

[141] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2947, p. 460. 

[142] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 428. 

[143] Salazar y Castro, L. (1694) Pruebas de la Casa de Lara (Madrid) ("Salazar y Castro (Lara), Pruebas"), p. 13. 

[144] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 383. 

[145] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 101. 

[146] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 101. 

[147] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[148] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 333. 

[149] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 383. 

[150] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 9, p. 16. 

[151] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[152] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana, Continuatio Marchianensis, MGH SS IX, p. 306. 

[153] Nicholas (1992), pp. 152-3. 

[154] Nicholas (1992), p. 156. 

[155] Hugonis Continuatio Clarimariscensis 1233, MGH SS XXIV, p. 101. 

[156] Annales Blandinienses 1233, MGH SS V, p. 30. 

[157] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis 252, MGH SS XXIV, p. 772. 

[158] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[159] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 383. 

[160] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis 252, MGH SS XXIV, p. 772. 

[161] Nicholas (1992), p. 156. 

[162] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2387, p. 293. 

[163] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2947, p. 460. 

[164] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[165] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 87. 

[166] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[167] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[168] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 17, p. 31. 

[169] Szabolcs de Vajay (1989), p. 380. 

[170] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[171] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[172] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 21. 

[173] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[174] Íslenzkir Annálar sive Annales Islandici (Copenhagen, 1847) ("Annales Islandici"), 1214, p. 91. 

[175] Annales Ryenses 1214 and 1221, MGH SS XVI, p. 406. 

[176] Thorkelin, G. J. (ed.) (1776) Diplomatarium Arna-Magnæanum, Tomus I 1085-1259, p. 96. 

[177] Annales Islandici, 1220, p. 95. 

[178] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30, and 5 p. 39. 

[179] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[180] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 5 p. 40. 

[181] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 5 p. 39, and Tit. XI, Castro, 20, p. 91. 

[182] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[183] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[184] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 163. 

[185] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 17, p. 31. 

[186] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 369. 

[187] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 6, p. 12. 

[188] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[189] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[190] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 152. 

[191] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[192] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[193] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 21. 

[194] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 21. 

[195] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30, and Tit. XXI, Tellez i Meneses, 3, p. 125. 

[196] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[197] Castan Lanaspa, G. ´San Nicolás del Real Camino, un Hospital de Leprosos Castellano-Leones en la Edad Media (Siglos XII-XIV)´, Publicaciones de la Institución Tello Téllez de Meneses, no. 51 (1984) ("San Nicolás del Real Camino"), 12, p. 149. 

[198] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 21. 

[199] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[200] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[201] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 21. 

[202] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 91. 

[203] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 3 p. 30. 

[204] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 333. 

[205] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[206] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 10, p. 17. 

[207] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 6, p. 12. 

[208] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 21, p. 39. 

[209] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 19, p. 34. 

[210] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[211] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 383. 

[212] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1212, MGH SS XXIII, p. 895. 

[213] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[214] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 6, p. 12. 

[215] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 20, p. 37. 

[216] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 21, p. 39. 

[217] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[218] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[219] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 4 p. 31. 

[220] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 6, p. 12. 

[221] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 21, p. 39. 

[222] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 19, p. 34. 

[223] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2947, p. 460. 

[224] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 24, p. 48. 

[225] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 6 p. 31. 

[226] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 23, p. 45. 

[227] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[228] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 25, p. 50. 

[229] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 6 p. 31, Tit. IX, Biscaya, 12 p. 72, and Tit. XI, Castro, 20, p. 92. 

[230] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[231] Chronica Breve do Archivo Nacional, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 22. 

[232] RAH, Colección Salazar y Castro, M-6, fo 168 v y 169 (no. 46534). 

[233] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[234] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[235] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 4 p. 31. 

[236] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 21, p. 39. 

[237] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 19, p. 34. 

[238] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2005, p. 157. 

[239] Annales Ryenses 1229 and 1231, MGH SS XVI, p. 407. 

[240] Annales Stadenses 1231, MGH SS XVI, p. 361.  

[241] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 4 p. 31. 

[242] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[243] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[244] RAH, Colección Salazar y Castro, M-8, fo 71 (no. 47096). 

[245] Lorenzana, F. de (1793) PP. Toletanorum quotquot extant Opera (Madrid), Tome III, Roderici Ximenii de Rada Opera, Historia de rebus Hispaniæ, Lib. VII, Cap. V, p. 152. 

[246] Brandaõ (1632) Quarta Parte, Liber XIII, cap. XX, p. 105 (second page). 

[247] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[248] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 4 p. 31. 

[249] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 21, p. 39. 

[250] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2947, p. 460. 

[251] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 26, p. 51. 

[252] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[253] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 339. 

[254] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[255] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32. 

[256] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VII, 5, RHGF XII, p. 382. 

[257] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis 220, MGH SS XXIV, p. 763. 

[258] Delisle, L. ´Recherches sur les comtes de Dammartin au XIII siècle´, Mémoires de la société impériale des antiquaires de France, 4th series, Tome I (1869, Paris), Appendice, VII, p. 247. 

[259] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2947, p. 460. 

[260] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 29, p. 58. 

[261] Delisle L. ´Recherches sur les comtes de Dammartin au XIII siècle´, Appendice, VIII, p. 248. 

[262] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[263] Rosell, C. (ed.) (1875) Crónicas de los Reyes de Castilla, Tome I (Madrid), Crónica del rey don Alfonso X, Cap. III, p. 5. 

[264] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. III, Reyes de Castilla, 15 p. 10, and Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32. 

[265] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[266] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[267] Brandaõ (1632) Quarta Parte, Liber XV, cap. XXIX, p. 220 (second page). 

[268] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[269] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 165, citing Pina, R. de Chronica del Rey D. Affonso III, cap. 3. 

[270] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32. 

[271] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 338. 

[272] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 21. 

[273] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[274] Rodríguez López, A. (1907) El Real Monasterio de las Huelgas de Burgos y el Hospital del Rey (Burgos) ("Las Huelgas de Burgos"), Tome I, 133, p. 524. 

[275] Las Huelgas de Burgos, Tome I, 134, p. 524. 

[276] Las Huelgas de Burgos, Tome I, 134a, p. 525. 

[277] RAH, Colección Salazar y Castro, M-13, fo 160 v (no. 48427). 

[278] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 172. 

[279] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 338. 

[280] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32. 

[281] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 338. 

[282] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 30, p. 60. 

[283] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 31, p. 63. 

[284] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. IV, Reyes de Castilla, 18, p. 16, and Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 9 p. 38. 

[285] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[286] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. IV, Reyes de Castilla, 33, p. 17, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 9 p. 38, and Tit. IX, Biscaya, 19 p. 73. 

[287] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[288] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. IV, Reyes de Castilla, 29, p. 15, and Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 9 p. 38. 

[289] According to Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 436, he was born [1292]. 

[290] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 9 p. 38, and 29 p. 85. 

[291] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[292] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 171. 

[293] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 338. 

[294] Chronica Breve do Archivo Nacional, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 23. 

[295] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 21. 

[296] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[297] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 338. 

[298] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 173. 

[299] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32. 

[300] Brandaõ (1632) Quarta Parte, Liber XV, cap. XXIX, p. 220 (second page). 

[301] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[302] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[303] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 177. 

[304] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32. 

[305] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[306] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32, and Tit. XXII, Sousas, 19, p. 136. 

[307] Brandaõ (1632) Quarta Parte, Liber XV, cap. XXIX, p. 221. 

[308] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32, 6 p. 130, and 36 p. 283. 

[309] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 162. 

[310] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 181. 

[311] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 182. 

[312] Sousa (1735), Tomo I, p. 182. 

[313] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 7 p. 32. 

[314] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 338. 

[315] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[316] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 21. 

[317] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 54. 

[318] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 99. 

[319] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 340. 

[320] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[321] Bartholomæi de Neocastro Historia Sicula, Re, G. del (ed.) (1868) Cronisti e scrittori sincroni Napoletani, Vol. 2 (Naples), p. 415. 

[322] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34. 

[323] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 339. 

[324] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 13, p. 111. 

[325] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 15, p. 114. 

[326] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 99. 

[327] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 16, p. 117. 

[328] Breve Chronicon Alcobacense, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, p. 21. 

[329] D. Attwater (1970) The Penguin Dictionary of Saints (Penguin Books) pp. 113/114. 

[330] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34. 

[331] Argote Molina (1588), p. 90. 

[332] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 19, p. 131. 

[333] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34. 

[334] Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis, España Sagrada Tomo II, pp. 210-1. 

[335] Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis, España Sagrada Tomo II, p. 212.  

[336] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 339. 

[337] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34, and 13 p. 35. 

[338] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 99. 

[339] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 13 p. 35, and Tit. XXI, Tellez i Meneses, 10, p. 126. 

[340] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 157. 

[341] Argote Molina (1588), p. 90. 

[342] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 13 p. 35. 

[343] Salazar y Acha (2000), pp. 437-8. 

[344] Herrera, F. T. de (1652) Historia del convento de S. Augustin de Salamanca (Madrid), p. 18. 

[345] López de Ayala, P. (1779) Crónicas de los reyes de Castilla (Madrid), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Primo, Cap. I, p. 8. 

[346] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 13 p. 36. 

[347] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. IV, Reyes de Castilla, 33, p. 17, and Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 13 p. 36. 

[348] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Secundo, Cap. XIII, p. 50. 

[349] Salazar y Acha (2000), p. 444. 

[350] Herrera (1652), p. 18. 

[351] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 13 p. 36. 

[352] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Primo, Cap. VI, p. 18. 

[353] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Diez y Seis, Cap. IV, p. 395. 

[354] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34. 

[355] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 19, p. 131. 

[356] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 22, p. 138. 

[357] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 21, p. 137. 

[358] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 152. 

[359] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 14 p. 38, and 6 p. 157. 

[360] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 14 p. 38. 

[361] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 22, p. 138. 

[362] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 14 p. 38. 

[363] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34. 

[364] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 14 p. 38, and 5 p. 130. 

[365] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34. 

[366] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 16 p. 38, and 5 p. 130. 

[367] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 152. 

[368] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34,and Tit. XXI, Ponços, 6, p. 131. 

[369] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 16 p. 38, and 15 p. 106. 

[370] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 16 p. 38, and 26 p. 260. 

[371] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 8 p. 34. 

[372] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 339. 

[373] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 99. 

[374] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 24, p. 221. 

[375] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 345. 

[376] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 156. 

[377] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 12 p. 34. 

[378] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 25, p. 226. 

[379] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 26, p. 228. 

[380] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 345. 

[381] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 157. 

[382] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 12 p. 34. 

[383] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 11, p. 99. 

[384] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 27, p. 238. 

[385] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 16, p. 117. 

[386] Chronicon Domini Joannis Emmanuelis, España Sagrada Tomo II, pp. 215-6. 

[387] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 25, p. 226. 

[388] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 28, p. 255. 

[389] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 345. 

[390] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 340. 

[391] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 340. 

[392] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 341. 

[393] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 16, p. 117. 

[394] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 341. 

[395] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 157. 

[396] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 16, p. 117. 

[397] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 12 p. 34. 

[398] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 340. 

[399] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 32, p. 279. 

[400] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 347. 

[401] Os Livro de Linhagens, I, Livro Velho, Portugaliæ Monumenta Historica, Scriptores, Vol. I, Fasc. II, p. 157. 

[402] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. IV, Reyes de Castilla, 31, p. 16, and Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 17 p. 35. 

[403] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 33, p. 282. 

[404] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 17 p. 35, and Tit. XI, Castro, 15 p. 88. 

[405] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 343. 

[406] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Cuarto, Cap. XXVI, p. 111. 

[407] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. V, Reyes de Aragon, 12 p. 25, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 17 p. 35. 

[408] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 25, p. 226. 

[409] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Quinto, Cap. VI, p. 124. 

[410] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 35, p. 285. 

[411] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 26, p. 228. 

[412] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 32, p. 279. 

[413] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 344. 

[414] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 17 p. 35, and 15 p. 88. 

[415] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Cuarto, Cap. XXVI, p. 111. 

[416] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 26, p. 228. 

[417] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 32, p. 279. 

[418] López de Ayala, P. (1780) Crónicas de los reyes de Castilla (Madrid), Tome II, Crónica del rey Enrique II, Año Octavo, Cap. VI, p. 44. 

[419] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 17 p. 35, and 15 p. 88. 

[420] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Cuarto, Cap. XXVI, p. 111. 

[421] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 26, p. 228. 

[422] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 32, p. 279. 

[423] ES III 501. 

[424] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Juan I, Año Octavo, Cap. IV, p. 248. 

[425] ES III 501-504. 

[426] ES III 505-506. 

[427] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 17 p. 35, and 15 p. 88. 

[428] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Cuarto, Cap. XXVI, p. 111. 

[429] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 26, p. 228. 

[430] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 32, p. 279. 

[431] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, p. 106. 

[432] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, p. 120, footnote 20 citing Sousa Historia de la Casa Real de Portugal, Tomo XII, p. 158. 

[433] ES III 507-508. 

[434] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Juan I, Año Quinto, Cap. VII, p. 175. 

[435] Pedro Barcelos, Tit. VII, Reyes de Portugal, 17 p. 35. 

[436] Chronicon Conimbricensi, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 344. 

[437] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 25, p. 226. 

[438] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 26, p. 228. 

[439] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Enrique II, Año Sexto, Cap. VI, VII, pp. 25-6. 

[440] López de Ayala (1779), Tome I, Crónica del rey don Pedro, Año Diez y Siete, Cap. IX, p. 412. 

[441] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Enrique II, Año Sexto, Cap. VI, VII, pp. 25-6. 

[442] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Enrique II, Año Octavo, Cap. VI, p. 44. 

[443] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Juan I, Año Secundo, Cap. III, p. 131. 

[444] Rymer, T. (1740) Fœdera, Conventiones, Literæ 3rd Edn (London), Tome III, Pars III, p. 104. 

[445] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Juan I, Año Cuarto, Cap. II, p. 159. 

[446] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Juan I, Año Cuarto, Cap. II, p. 159. 

[447] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Juan I, Año Cuarto, Cap. V, Año Quinto, Cap. I, pp. 161-8. 

[448] González Dávila, G. (1638) Historia de la vida y hechos del rey don Henrique tercero de Castilla (Madrid), p. 208. 

[449] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Enrique II, Año Octavo, Cap. VI, p. 45. 

[450] Sousa (1739) Provas, Tomo I, 38, p. 294. 

[451] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Enrique II, Año Treceno, Cap. I, p. 89. 

[452] López de Ayala (1780), Tome II, Crónica del rey Juan I, Año Quinto, Cap. VII, p. 175. 

[453] Armitage-Smith, S. (1904) John of Gaunt (Westminster), Appendix (v), p. 464, quoting Percy MS. 78 (Alnwick Castle). 

[454] Nicolas, N. H. (1826) Testamenta Vetusta, Vol. I (London), p. 140. 

[455] Nielen, M.-A. (ed.) (2003) Lignages d'Outremer (Paris), Le Vaticanus Latinus 7806, El parentado de Lusignan 8, p. 170. 

[456] Balard, M. (ed.) (2001) Dei gesta per Francos. Crusader studies in honour of Jean Richard (Grivaud), pp. 317-38, 334, cited by Morris Bierbrier in a private email to the author dated 15 Mar 2007. 

[457] ES III 93-107. 

[458] ES III 512. 

[459] Stenzel, G. A. (ed.) (1835) Scriptores Rerum Silesiacarum, Erster Band (Breslau) ("Silesiacarum Scriptores I"), p. 311. 

[460] Necrologium Austriacum Gentis Habsburgicæ Alterum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 124. 

[461] Necrologium Monasterii S Crucis Recentius, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 112. 

[462] ES III 508-511