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REIMS ARCHBISHOPRIC

  v3.1 Updated 17 March 2015

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                ARCHBISHOPS of REIMS. 4

Chapter 2.                BISHOPS of AMIENS. 27

Chapter 3.                BISHOPS of ARRAS. 37

Chapter 4.                BISHOPS of BEAUVAIS. 40

Chapter 5.                BISHOPS of CAMBRAI 52

Chapter 6.                BISHOPS of CHÂLONS. 67

Chapter 7.                BISHOPS of LAON. 83

Chapter 8.                BISHOPS of MORINIE [THEROUANNE] 91

Chapter 9.                BISHOPS of NOYON. 97

Chapter 10.              BISHOPS of SENLIS. 107

Chapter 11.              BISHOPS of SOISSONS. 115

Chapter 12.              BISHOPS of TOURNAI 126

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

The archiepiscopal province of Reims evolved from the Roman province “Belgica secunda”, with Reims as its capital.  From the point of view of civil adminstration, the boundary between the kingdoms of Neustria (to the west) and Austrasia (to the east) lay to the west of Reims.  The archbishopric of Reims included the bishoprics of Amiens, Arras, Beauvais, Cambrai, Châlons, Laon, Morinie (also known as Thérouanne), Noyon, Senlis, Soissons and Tournai.  All these dioceses fell within the kingdom of the West Franks, except for the bishopric of Cambrai and the eastern part of the temporal jurisdiction of the archbishops of Reims which were allocated to Lotharingia under the 843 Treaty of Verdun. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    ARCHBISHOPS of REIMS

 

 

No precise information is known about the family origin of Ebbo Archbishop of Reims.  Flodoard indicates that he was of Germanic origin, specifying “patria Transrhenensis ac Germanicus”.  From Flodoard´s perspective, writing probably in the area of Reims, this would indicate the right bank of the river Rhine.  As contemporary sources often specify Saxon or Swabian origins where applicable, it is probably a safe assumption that Ebbo´s family originated in the German province of Franconia.  Flodoard specifies that Ebbo was “collactaneus et conscholasticus” of the future Emperor Louis I.  If taken literally, “collactaneus” would indicate that the two shared the same mother´s milk, suggesting that Ebbo´s mother was the emperor´s wet-nurse, and “conscholasticus” that they were educated together.  Whatever the precise implication of the words, they presumably mean that Ebbo was brought up in the royal household and owed his advancement to his early contact with the future emperor´s family.  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris goes one step further by specifying that Ebbo was "ex originalium servorum stirpe".  However, Ebbo was a leading influence in the rebellions against Emperor Louis by his older sons Lothaire and Ludwig in 830 and 833.  It is most likely that Thegan, in his panegyric of the emperor´s life, was trying to disparage Ebbo (whom he describes as “inpudicum et crudelissimum” in the same passage) by denigrating his family background.  It cannot therefore be concluded that Ebbo was certainly of plebeian origin.  Another possibility is that his mother was a lower-level noblewoman at court, who gave birth around the same time as Emperor Louis´s mother and provided short-term nursing services out of convenience and loyalty.  It should be remembered that Emperor Louis was born a twin and was therefore likely to have needed prompt attention in the early days of his life.  If she was a courtier of the royal household, it is unlikely that Ebbo´s mother was a junior member of the royal family as such consanguinity would have been mentioned by the earlier chroniclers.  Apart from the name of Ebbo´s mother, and the references to his nephew whom he appointed as abbot of Reims Saint-Rémy, no other information has been found in the primary sources which have been consulted concerning other members of the archbishop´s family.  Nor have any details been traced of his ecclesiastical career before his nomination to the archiepiscopal see.  Only two other examples of the name Ebbo have been found.  Firstly, the Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records a certain "Ebbo" who founded "Bituricus" in 910, where "filius eius Rodulfus" became a monk[1] (see the document CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY), but no connection has been found with the archbishop´s family.  Secondly, “orientales Franci:...Ebo comes” is one of the subscribers of the charter dated 19 Oct [1027] under which "Comes Didericus et filius eius Gisilbertus" relinquished rights to Kloster Michelsberg near Bamberg[2]

 

1.         --- (-before 816).  m HIMILTRUDIS, daughter of --- (-28 Aug [826]).  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the epitaph of “Ebo...mater Himiltrudis” which states that she died remained with her son for ten years after his succession as archbishop and died “quinto...September...Kalendarum[3].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ implies that Himiltrudis had been the wet-nurse of the future Emperor Louis I, when it states that her son Ebbo had been “imperatoris...Ludwici collactaneus et conscholasticus[4].  The necrology of Reims records her death 28 Aug[5].  [Two] children: 

a)         EBBO ([778]-20 Mar 851).  Archbishop of Reims 816.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the succession of “Ebo...patria Transrhenensis ac Germanicus, imperatoris...Ludwici collactaneus et conscholasticus[6].  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Ebo Remensis episcopus...ex originalium servorum stirpe"[7].  The Annales Xantanses record in 823 that "Ebo episcopus...cum Wildericho episcopo" [Archbishop of Bremen] went “partibus Danorum[8].  Archbishop Ebbo supported the older sons of Emperor Louis against their father at Compiègne (in 830) and Soissons (833) and in 835 at the council of Thionville was obliged by the emperor to resign his office: the circumstances leading to the deposition, and eventual restoration, of “Ebbo...episcopus” are detailed in a manuscript written by clerics at Reims[9].  “Ebo...episcopus” recognised his errors before “Aiulfum...archiepiscopum et Badaradum episcopum...et Modoinum episcopum” [Archbishop of Bourges, Bishops of Paderborn and Autun][10].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that, after his deposition, “Ebo” remained “in Cisalpinis...regionibus” until the death of Emperor Louis [dated to 20 Jun 840], and quotes the edict dated 24 Jun 840 by which Emperor Lothaire I restored him as archbishop of Reims[11].  There is  no indication that the vacancy which resulted at Reims was filled during that period.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that, after Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks returned “in Belgicam” (presumably indicating the Roman ecclesiastical province Belgica II, and referring to the implementation of the Aug 843 Treaty of Verdun), Ebbo left Reims and went to Emperor Lothaire (presumably in Italy) who granted him “abbatiam sancti Columbani in Italia”, and later to Ludwig II “der Deutsche” King of the East Franks who granted him “in regione Saxonie...episcopium[12]Bishop of Hildesheim [847]: Ebbo´s new bishopric is confirmed as Hildesheim by the Annalista Saxo which names the first three bishops of Hildesheim “Guntario et Reinberno qui per 20 annos illi eclesie prefuerunt, tercio Ebbone prius Remense archiepiscopo, post Hildinisheimensi episcopo[13].  The necrology of Reims records the death “XIII Kal Apr” of “Ebo archiepiscopus[14]

b)         [--- .  Assuming that “nepos” in the source quoted below can be interpreted literally, one of the parents of Ebbo was the sibling of Ebbo Archbishop of Reims[15].m ---.  One child: 

i)          EBBO (-[869])Abbot of Reims Saint-Rémy before 835[16].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks concerning “Gothescalci blasphemias” in which he records that “Ebone...religiosus...in Remensis ecclesie monasterio ubi requiescit sanctum Remigius” was installed as abbot “a domno Ebone avunculo suo tunc Remorum archiepiscopo[17]Bishop of Grenoble [853].  The primary source which confirms that Ebbo abbot of Reims Saint-Rémy was appointed bishop of Grenoble has not yet been identified.  An undated charter records the presence of “...Ebo Gratianopolitanensis episcopus...” at the assembly held at Sermorens to decide disputes between “Agilmarum archiepiscopum et Wigerium comitem[18].  Duchesne dates this assembly to [853][19].  Hincmar names “Ebo Gratianopolitanus episcopus” in a letter addressed to Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks[20], dated by Schrörs to [853/56][21].  The record of the council held at Valence 8 Jan 855 names “...Ebbone Gratianopolitano episcopo” among those present[22].  The record of the council held at Saint-Geômes near Langres in Apr 859 is witnessed by “...Ebo Gratianopolitanus...[23].  “...Ebbo Gratianopolitanus episcopus...” was among those who signed a letter dated 14 Jun 859 addressed to “Gueniloni Senonum metropolitano” at the council of Savonnières[24].  A list of the bishops of Grenoble, dated to [1080/1132], names “Ebbo Gratianopolitanus ecclesie...contemporaneus Agilmari archiepiscopi” and his participation in the election of “archiepiscopum sanctum Adonem” after the death of “Agilmarus archiepiscopus Viennensis” in 860[25]The editor of the MGH edition of Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Ebbo Bishop of Grenoble died möglicherweise...erst gegen 869 gestorben”, which is the date of the election of his successor[26].    

 

 

Archbishop Hincmar was related to Bernard Comte de Toulouse, son of Raymond I Comte de Toulouse whom he succeeded in [865], and to Bertrand Comte du Tardenois: Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Bernardo comiti Tolosano propinquo suo” concerning property of the church of Reims “in Aquitania[27], dated by Schrörs to [869/75][28].  He was also related Bertrand Comte en Tardenois, who has not otherwise been traced in other sources: the same source records that Hincmar wrote to “Bertrano...comiti Tardunensis pagi propinquo suo” concerning “sacramento regi agendo...in ipsius comitatu[29] (dated by Schrörs to [Jun/Jul] 854[30]), and to “Bertrano comiti Tardunensis pagi pro loco vacante sine presbytero” (dated to [854/82] by Schrörs)[31].  Hincmar in a letter addressed to Pope Nicholas I, records that he “in palatio domni Hludovici imperatoris non modico tempore manserit” before being educated “sub canonico habitu” at the monastery of Saint-Denis where he converted “ad regularem vitam et habitum fratribus[32]

 

1.         --- .  m --- (-859).  Schrörs records that “Hincmars Mutter” died in 859, adding that in 858 “sie erlebte die Erhebung ihres Enkels auf den Stuhl von Laon um mehr als 1 Jahr und 4 Monate[33].  [Three] children: 

a)         HINCMAR (-Epernay 7 Jul 882).  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that “Hincmarus” spent his boyhood “in monasterio sancti Dyonissi sub Hilduino abbate[34]Archbishop of Reims 845: Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar was appointed archbishop of Reims at the council of Beauvais in 845, ten years after the deposition of Ebbo[35].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “Wenilone Sennense archiepiscopo, Amalrico Turonense, Teoderico Cameracense episcopo, Rothado Suessonico, Lupo Cathalaunense, Immone Noviomagense, Erpuino Silvanectense, Erminfrido Belvacense, Pardulo Laudunense, Hilmerado Ambianense, Hucberto Meldense, Agio Aurelianense, Prudentio Trecasino, Hermanno Nivernense, Iona Augustudense, Godelsado Cavillonense, Dodone Andagavense, Guntberto Ebroicense, Hildebranno Sagense, Rigboldo Remorum corepiscopo[36].  A document issued by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated Nov 853 names "Hincmarus episcopus, Ricuinus, Engilscalchus" as missi in "Remitiano, Vonziso, Stadiniso, Pertiso, Barriso, Camiziso, Catalaunio, Virtudiso, Bagensoniso, Tardaniso"[37].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the death “apud villam Sparnacum...mense VII et die IIII” in 882 of Hincmar in his 37th year of office and quotes his epitaph[38].  The Annales Vedastini record the death in 882 of “Hincmarus Remorum archiepiscopus[39].  The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "X Kal Jan" of "domnus Hincmarus Remorum archiepiscopus” and his donation[40]

b)         HILDEGUND (-after [878/81]).  Her relationship to Archbishop Hincmar is confirmed by Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ which records that Hincmar wrote to “Evrardo sororis sue Hildegundis filio vel genero” concerning his relations with “Ludovicum regem Transrenensem...ne suum alodum quem in Alemannia habebat[41]m ---.  One child: 

i)          daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ which records that Hincmar wrote to “Evrardo sororis sue Hildegundis filio vel genero” concerning his relations with “Ludovicum regem Transrenensem...ne suum alodum quem in Alemannia habebat[42]m EVERARD, son of ---. 

c)         [--- .  It is not known whether the sibling of Archbishop Hincmar, who was the parent of Hincmar and his sister who are shown below, was the archbishop´s sister Hildegund who is shown above.]  m ---.  [Three] children: 

i)          HINCMAR  .  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Hincmaro nepoti suo Laudunensi episcopo” stating that “tu...in diocesi Remensi natus est et in metropoli Remorum nutritus et in municipio Lauduni ordinatus[43].  Mabillon states that “Hincmarus junior” was “ex Bononiæ territorio nativus dicitur” and that Hincmar Archbishop of Reims names “nepotis sui sobrinum Anselmum[44]Bishop of Laon 858.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Bertulfo archiepiscopo Trevirensi” naming “Hincmarum Laudunensem episcopum, Hodonem Belvacensem et Iohannem Cameracensem[45].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to King Charles II “le Chauve” “de causa Hincmari nepoti sui montis Lauduni episcopi[46].  Deposed 876.  The Annales Vedastini state that “Hincmarus Laudunensium episcopus” was blinded by “Bosone”, when recording in 878 that the former was condemned at a court of Pope John VIII attended by “omnibus Gallicanis episcopis” but continued to proclaim his innocence and celebrate mass[47]

ii)         daughter .  m ---.  One child: 

(1)       SIGEBERT .  Schrörs names Sigebert, son of a sister of Hincmar Bishop of Laon[48]

iii)        [son/daughter .  It is not known whether Anselme´s parent was the same person as the mother of Sigebert (see above).  ]  m ---.  One child: 

(1)       ANSELME .  Mabillon states that “Hincmarus junior” was “ex Bononiæ territorio nativus dicitur” and that Hincmar Archbishop of Reims names “nepotis sui sobrinum Anselmum[49].  Schrörs names Anselm as “einem Geschwisterkinde” of Hincmar Bishop of Laon[50]

 

 

Foulques Archbishop of Reims was related to Guido III Duke of Spoleto, who in 889 was elected as Guido King of Italy: Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that “Folco” wrote to Pope Stephen concerning “Widone...affine suo quem idem papa in filium adopteverat...[Widonis ducis][51], and the much later Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "archiepiscopus Fulco" held a council at Reims in 892 and that in the same year "Guido cognatus eiusdem archiepiscopi" started to reign in Italy[52].  Use of the word “affinis” in the former source suggests that the relationship may have been through marriage not by blood.  The word “cognatus”, as used in the second source, can sometimes be interpreted as brother-in-law, but this use is not consistent enough to draw conclusions about the precise relationship between Archbishop Foulques and King Guido.  Many details about the Spoleto family are unknown.  The identity of King Guido´s mother has not been ascertained, that of his paternal grandmother is uncertain, the number of his sisters and paternal aunts is not fixed, and there are numerous other gaps in current knowledge about his more distant ancestors who are recorded at Nantes in Brittany and Franconia.  Given the number of possibilities, further speculation about the precise relationship is pointless. 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         FOULQUES (-killed 17 Jun 900, bur Reims Saint-Rémy).  Abbot of Saint-Bertin 878: the Chartularium Sithiense records that “Folco canonicus” succeeded “Hilduino” as abbot of Saint-Bertin “V Id Feb” 878 and that “Folco iam dictus abbas” succeeded at Reims after the death in 882 of “Hincmarus archipresul Remensis ecclesiæ[53]Archbishop of Reims 883.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the succession “in episcopatu Renesi” of “Folco, vir...nobilis et palatinis assuetus officiis” after the death of Hincmar and his installation by “Marino pape delegans[54]Regino names "Folcone episcopo, Heriberto et Pippino comitibus in Remorum civitate" when recording that they supported the accession of Charles as king in 892 in opposition to King Eudes[55].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "archiepiscopus Fulco" held a council at Reims in 892 and that in the same year "Guido cognatus eiusdem archiepiscopi" started to reign in Italy[56].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that “Folconis episcopi” was killed by “Winemaro[57].  The Annales Vedastini record the death “XVI Kal Jul” 900 of “Fulchoni archiepiscopo”, killed by “Winemarus”, and his burial “Remis...in ecclesia beati Remigii[58].  Regino records in 903 that “Folco Remorum archiepiscopus” was killed “a quodam Winemaro satellite Balduini comitis[59].  The necrology of Reims records the death “XV Kal Jul” of “dominus Fulco archiepiscopus...interfectus” and his donation of “Nemincum[60]

2.         RAMPO (-[before 882/84]).  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that “Folco” wrote to Pope Marinus concerning “quodam monasterio [=Bonneval] quod frater ipsius...Rampo” ordered the construction in his testament and which was later completed by “Erminfridus...qui uxorem ipsius Ramponis viduam...copulaverat[61]m as her first husband, ---.  She married secondly Ermenfred

 

 

1.         HERIVE, son of [URSON Comte en Champagne] & his wife [Berthe] d´Ostrevant (-2 Jul 922)Archbishop of Reims 900.  The Annales Vedastini record the ordination of “episcopo Herveo” at Reims in 900 after the death of “Fulchoni archiepiscopo[62].  Flodoard names "domnus Heriveus ex aula…regis" as "nepos ex sorore Hucbaldi comitis" when recording his appointment as archbishop of Reims[63].  He granted his brother and nephew the domains of Vandières and Binson on which they built the castle of Châtillon-sur-Marne.  Flodoard records in 922 that "Heriveus Remorum archiepiscopus" died “tertia die post consecrationem Rotberti regis...VI Non Jul”, four days before the end of his 22nd year in office[64].  The necrology of Reims records the death “VI Non Jul” of “dominus Heriveus archiepiscopus[65]

 

 

1.             SEULF (-925).  Archdeacon of Reims.  Archbishop of Reims 922.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the succession of “Seulfus...urbis huius...archidiacon[us][66].  Flodoard records the succession of "Seulfus, qui tunc urbis eiusdem ministerio fungebatur archidiaconatus" as archbishop of Reims in 922[67].  Flodoard records the death in 925 of "Seulfus Remorum archiepiscopus" after holding office for three years and five days[68].  The Annales Remenses record in 926 that, after the death of "Seulfo archipresule", "Hugo filius Heriberti comitis, adhuc quinquennis" was elected[69].  The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "Kal Sep" of "Seulphus Remensis archiepiscopus"[70]

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Vermandois, son of HERIBERT [II] Comte de Vermandois & his wife Adela [Capet] (920-Meaux 962).  His father engineered the grant by Raoul King of France of the temporal administration of the archbishopric of Reims to Hugues in 925.  The Annales Remenses record in 926 that, after the death of "Seulfo archipresule", "Hugo filius Heriberti comitis, adhuc quinquennis" was elected[71].  The appointment was confirmed by Pope John X, but the grant was withdrawn by the king in 932 after he besieged the city[72].  Hugues entered holy orders in 940, and was installed as Archbishop of Reims: Flodoard records in 940 that “Widone Suessonico præsule” ordained “Hugo filius Heriberti Remis...presbiter” and that "Hugone diacono Heriberti filio" was installed as archbishop of Reims in the same year[73].  His father, who had captured Reims in [Jun/Jul] 940, forced Hugues's restoration as archbishop.  Besieged at Laon, King Louis IV was obliged to confirm Hugues's appointment as archbishop and also appointed Hugues as his Arch-Chancellor.  Hugues was expelled from Reims in 946 when the town was retaken by King Louis.  He was finally deprived of his archbishopric by the papal legate in 948: Flodoard records in 948 that “litteras...ex nomine Agapiti papæ” sent “ad episcopos per clericum suum” ordered “Hugoni” to withdraw from “Remense...episcopium[74].  Flodoard records in 949 that “Agapitus papa” held a synod “apud sanctum Petrum” which confirmed “dampnationem Hugonis episcopi apud Ingulenheim” and excommunicated him[75].  He died on returning from a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela[76]

 

 

[Five] siblings: 

1.         DODON, son of --- (-after 949).  Nephew of Bernard comes de Porcieso.  933.  Flodoard's Annals record that in 943 "Hugo episcopus" besieged "Altmontem [Omont] munitionem…quam tenebat Dodo frater Artoldi episcopi"[77], that in 945 "Hugo præsul" besieged "Altmontem castrum" which "Dodone" surrendered after seven weeks to obtain the return of "filium ipsius et filium fratris sui" and that Archbishop Hugues granted them "terram patrum suorum"[78], that in 947 "Ragenaldus comes et Dodo, frater ipsius præsulis [=Artald]" attacked castles built "citra Maternam fluvium" by "Heriveus nepos Herivei quondam archiepiscopi", during the course of which "Heriveus" was killed[79], and that in 949 "Dodo frater domni Artoldi episcopi" held "Altmontem munitionum"[80]m ---.  The name of Dodon's wife is not known.  Dodon & his wife had one child: 

a)         son (-after 945).  Flodoard's Annals record that in 943 "Hugo episcopus" besieged "Altmontem munitionem…quam tenebat Dodo frater Artoldi episcopi" and that "parvulo filio ipsius" was given to the archbishop as a hostage[81], and that in 945 "Hugo præsul" besieged "Altmontem castrum" which "Dodone" surrendered after seven weeks to obtain the return of "filium ipsius et filium fratris sui"[82], presumably referring to the same son of Dodo. 

2.         ARTAUD (-1 Oct 961).  Archbishop of Reims 931.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the succession of “Artoldum...ex cenobio sancti Remigii monachum[83].  Flodoard records in 931 that “Rodulfus rex cum Hugone et Bosone” besieged Reims, entered the town after three weeks, and ordained “præsulem Artoldum monachum ex cœnobio sancti Remigii[84].  He was expelled in 941: Flodoard records in 940 that “Artoldus præsul” abdicated and retired to “abbatia sancti Basoli et Avennaco monasterio[85].  Flodoard's Annals record that in 943 "rex Ludowicus" promised "Artoldus episcopus" to restore him at Reims and that, with "fratribus suis", all who had been expelled from the bishopric of Reims occupied "Altmontem castrum"[86].  Artaud was restored as archbishop in 947: Flodoard's Annals record that "947 Id Ian" a synod at Verdun confirmed "Artoldo" as archbishop of Reims[87].  Flodoard records in 961 the death “pridie Kal Oct” of “Artoldus Remensis archiepiscopus[88].  The Annales Remenses record the death in 961 of "domnus Artoldus" and the succession of "Odelricus archiepiscopus"[89].  The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "Kal Oct" of "dominus Artoldus archiepiscopus[90]

3.         son (-after 943).  Flodoard's Annals record that in 943 "Artoldus episcopus…fratribus suis", among those who had been expelled from the bishopric of Reims, occupied "Altmontem castrum"[91]m ---.  One child: 

a)         son .  Flodoard's Annals record that in 945 "Hugo præsul" besieged "Altmontem castrum" which "Dodone" surrendered after seven weeks to obtain the return of "filium ipsius et filium fratris sui" and that Archbishop Hugues granted them "terram patrum suorum"[92]

4.         [daughter .  As her son Manassès is named "nepote domni Artoldi præsulis" in Flodoard[93], it is assumed that his mother was the bishop´s sister, assuming that the word "nepos" can be interpreted in its strict sense of nephew.  The name of her husband is confirmed by the Chronicon Maceriense (a dubious source) which records in 941 that "Balthazar Registensis" made peace with Warin and requested the hand in marriage of "Guarino Ordelam" for "Manasse filio"[94], although “Balthazar” is unlikely to have been a name used at that time.  It can safely be assumed that it was not Bernard/Balthasar who was the brother of Archbishop Artaud as, if that had been the case, it is probable that the sources which have stated the fact.  m BERNARD [Balthasar] Comte de Rethel, son of --- (-after 945).] 

5.         [THIERRYEuropäische Stammtafeln refers to Thierry as the possible brother of Artaud and Dodo[95] but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.] 

 

 

1.         OLRY [Udalric], son of HUGUES Comte de Chaumont & his wife Eva --- (-6 Nov 969).  The Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis names "…Hugone comite Calvomontise et Eva uxore eius, Udelrico archiepiscopo Remense et Arnulpho comite, fratre eiusdem, filiis predicti Hugonis" among the donors to Metz St Arnulf[96].  "Eva comitissa et filius meus Udelricus…Remorum Archiepiscopus" donated "villam meam Layum…in comitatu Culvomontisse", granted to her by her husband as dower, to the abbey of Metz Saint-Arnoul, in memory of "conjugis mei Hugonis…comitis, filiique nostri…comitis Arnulphi", on the instigation of "Adelberonis Metensium episcopi meique consanguinei", by charter dated 16 Aug 950[97].  This document must be considered at least partially spurious in light of the date which predated the appointment of Eva´s son as archbishop by eight years.  "Udelricus filius Evæ comitissæ, de fortissimo Francorum germine procreatus, in primo teneræ ætatis meæ flore paterna fueram gratia privatus, materna…cum unico fratre…Arnulpho…contentus" confirmed the donation of "fiscum…villam nostram Laium in comitatu Calvomontinse sitam" to Metz Saint-Arnoul, naming "patre meo Hugone" and recording the death of his brother, by charter dated 21 Apr 958[98].  Abbé de Bouxières.  Archbishop of Reims 962.  Flodoard records in 962 the election of “Odelricum...clericum Hugonis...comitis filium” to “episcopatum Remensem” by papal legates, with the support of “Lothario rege cum regina matre...Brunone[99].  The Annales Remenses record the death in 961 of "domnus Artoldus" and the succession of "Odelricus archiepiscopus", adding that the latter donated "Vindenissam" [Venderesse][100].  The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "VIII Id Nov" of "domnus Odalricus archiepiscopus” and his donation of “Vindenissam[101]

 

 

1.         ADALBERO, son of GOZELON & his wife Uda --- (-23 Jan 989).  "Uda…comitissa" donated property "in pago Rizzigowi cui Egylolfus comes" to St Maximin at Trier "pro remedio…seniorique mei Gozlini necnon filiorum meorum Henrici…et Reginheri, Godefridi quoque et Adalberonis" by charter dated 18 May 963 witnessed by "Sigefrido comite, Richwino comite"[102].  Canon at Metz.  He was appointed Archbishop of Reims in 969.  The Annales Remenses record in 967 that, after the death of "Odalrico", "Adalbero archiepiscopus" was appointed[103].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the ordination in 969 of “Adalbero Remorum archiepiscopus[104].  He was appointed arch-chancellor of Lothaire King of the West Franks in 969.  However, after the king captured his brother Godefroi Comte de Verdun, Adalbero defied Lothaire, appointed his nephew Adalbero as bishop of Verdun without the king's permission, and was summoned to an assembly at Compiègne 11 May 985 on charges of treason, although the assembly was never held.  He was summoned again in Mar 987, postponed to May 987, and acquitted as Hugues "Capet" had assumed the presidency of the assembly following the accidental death of Louis V King of the West Franks[105].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 989 of “Adalbero Remorum archiepiscopus[106].  The necrology of Reims records the death “X Kal Feb” of “domnus Adalbero archiepiscopus[107].  "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the rights of "monasterio super fluvium Mose" founded by "Gotefridi comitis nostrique fidelis…et coniux sua pro anime sui fratris Alberonis" by charter dated 6 Apr 997[108].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the rights and property of Kloster Mouzon donated by (among others) "dux Fredericus pro anima Ottonis…[et] Godefridus comes et coniux sua Mathildis pro anima sui fratris Adalberonis archiepiscopi" by charter dated 1023[109]

 

 

1.         ARNOUL, illegitimate son of [LOTHAIRE King of the Franks & his mistress ---] (before 967-5 Mar 1021, bur Reims Saint-Rémy).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines quotes contradictory sources concerning the paternity of Arnoul: "Guido", which names "Arnulfo Remorum archiepiscopo…frater…regis Lotharii sed non uterinus", and "Sigebertus", which names "Arnulfi regis Lotharii filius"[110].  The Historia Francorum Senonensis names "frater Hlotharii regis ex concubina, nomine Arnulfus" as Archbishop of Reims[111].  Richer names "Arnulfus Lotharii regis ex concubina filius" when recording that he offered his services to Hugues Capet in return for his appointment as archbishop of Reims[112].  In another passage, Richer records that "Karolum…cum uxore Adelaide et filio Ludovico, et filiabus duabus, quarum altera Gerberga, altera Adelaidis dicebatur, necnon et Arnulfo nepote" were imprisoned[113].  A letter of Gerbert names "Arnulfus regis Hlotharii, ut fama est, filius" when recording that he was appointed as archbishop of Reims[114].  There appears no way of resolving Arnoul's affiliation definitively.  A later rather than earlier birth appears consistent with his death in 1021, which would favour King Lothaire as his father (and his birth in [960/65]) rather than King Louis IV (which would place his birth before 954), although it is recognised that the difference is marginal if Arnoul was born towards the end of King Louis's life.  Arnoul supported the claim of Charles Duke of Lower Lotharingia to the French throne after the death of King Louis V.  However, after the death of Adalberon Archbishop of Reims in 988, Arnoul offered his services to Hugues Capet who arranged his election as Archbishop of Reims [end Mar] 989.  The Annales Remenses record 989 as "primus…annus Arnulfi archiepiscopi Remensis"[115].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the succession in 989 of “Arnulphus archiepiscopus” and his donations of “...in Flaveio et altare de Colredo in territorio Remensi et piscationem Cari fluminis” to the church of Mouzon[116].  He betrayed Hugues Capet and delivered Reims to Duke Charles in [Aug/Sep] 989.  At first pardoned by Hugues, he was captured and taken to Orléans.  He was deposed as archbishop 18 Jun 991 by the council of Saint-Basle de Verzy.  The Annales Remenses record in 995 that "Arnulfus archiepiscopus" was three years "in captione detentus Aurelianus" by "Hugone rege", that Pope Gregory sent legates to France to demand his release and restoration[117].  He was released by King Robert II and restored as archbishop in 998 and, as such, anointed Hugues, son of King Robert II, as king at Compiègne 9 Jun 1017[118].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1021 of “Arnulfus archiepiscopus[119].  His epitaph in Reims Saint-Rémy records “Arnulfus regali stemmate fusus, Remorum præsul[120].  The necrology of Reims records the death “III Non Mar” of “Arnulphus archiepiscopus[121]

 

 

1.         AGILBERT .  The Vitæ Romanorum Pontificum names “Silvester natione Aquitanus ex patre Agilberto” and records his papacy of four years, one month and eight days[122]m ---.  The name of Agilbert´s wife is not known.  Agilbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         GERBERT ([945]-12 May 1003, bur Rome).  Richer records that “Gerbertus” was “Aquitanus genere” and that he had been brought up “in cœnobio sancti...Geroldi” [in Aurillac], which he left “adolescens” under the care of “Borrellum citerioris Hispaniæ ducem” who consigned him to “Hattoni episcopo” [Bishop of Vich][123].  The same source continues by recording that Gerbert was taken to Rome, where he impressed the Pope, was introduced to “Ottoni regi Germaniæ et Italiæ”, and continued his education at Reims[124].  Rodulfus Glaber records that “Gerbertus” was “e Galliis oriundus...minorum...gerens prosapiam virorum[125].  The Breve Chronicon Auriliacensis Abbatiæ records that “Raimundus Caturcensis nobilis ex castro Saura...Abbas” educated “Gerlentium, adolescentem obscuro loco natum” who came to the attention of the emperor and became “Remis...Episcopum, deinde Ravennæ, postea in Summum Pontificem evexit[126]Archbishop of Reims 991.  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record in 991 the appointment of "Gerberti Remorum archiepiscopi"[127].  The Annales Remenses record in 995 that Pope Gregory deposed "Gerbertum" who was "iniuste" occupying "sedem eius [=Arnulfus archiepiscopus]"[128].  He was named Archbishop of Ravenna by Emperor Otto III in Apr 998.  Rodulfus Glaber records “Gerbertum...Ravenne archiepiscopum[129].  He was nominated as Pope SYLVESTER II 2 Apr 999 by Emperor Otto III.  The Annales Remenses record in 999 that "levatus est domnus Gerbertus in apostolatum"[130].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record 999 that "levatus est domnus Gerbertus archiepiscopus in apostolatum"[131].  His epitaph in Rome records that “Gerbertus...Francigena...obiit anno 1003 IV Id Mai[132]

 

 

1.         EBLES de Roucy, son of [GISELBERT Comte [de Roucy] & his wife ---] (-11 May 1033).  The Genealogiciæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Lebaldus de Malla et…Iveta comitissa de Retest" as brother and sister of "Ebalus de Roceio"[133]Comte de Roucy 997.  Archbishop of Reims 1021.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that, after the death of “A. Remensium archiepiscopo”, “Azelinus Laudunensis” acclaimed “quendam laicum Ebulonem...antea suum secretarium” as the new archbishop and about whom the source is far from complementary[134].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the succession in 1023 as archbishop of Reims of "Ebalus qui fuit comes de Roseio"[135].  Moranvillé casts doubt on the co-identity of Ebles Comte de Roucy with Ebles Archbishop of Reims[136].  He deems significant that Alberic uses “Roseio” in the passage cited above, whereas in all other passages in which he refers to the Roucy family he uses “Roceio”.  He also cites two sources which report the appointment of the new archbishop but make no reference to his reported Roucy origin.  Firstly, a letter of Fulbert Bishop of Chartres addressed to Guy Bishop of Soissons dated 1021[137], and secondly Hariulf´s Chronicle of Saint-Riquier[138].  Both these sources refer only briefly to the archbishop, without any description of his background, so the absence of any reference in them to his antecedents would not be surprising.  As for the difference in spelling Roseio/Roceio, this could be explained by a simple mistake or transcription error.  In any case, no reference has been found to any “comte de Roussy/Rousy”, as opposed to Roucy, at that time.  It is correct that there are numerous examples of information in Alberic which are disproved by other primary sources.  However, they are far outnumbered by cases in which his information is corroborated, and are insufficient to conclude that Alberic´s uncorroborated statements should be dismissed unless there are strong indications that he is incorrect.  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1033 of “Oebalus Remorum archiepiscopus[139].  The necrology of Reims records the death “V Id Mai” of “dominus Ebalus archiepiscopus” and his donation of “ecclesiam de Betignivilla[140]

 

 

1.         GUY, son of --- (-1055)Archbishop of Reims Jul 1033.  The Annales Mosomagenses record the succession in 1033 of “Wido” after the death of “Oebalus Remorum archiepiscopus[141].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1055 of “sanctus Archipræsul Remorum Wido[142].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1056 of "Remensis archiepiscopus Guido" and the succession of "Gervasius…primo fuit episcopus Cenomanensis"[143]

2.         [--- .  Manassès is named as “nepos” of Archbishop Guy in the source quoted below.  If the word can be translated in its strict sense, one of Manassès´s parents was Guy´s sibling.  However, the word could indicate a more remote cousin relationship.]   

a)         MANASSES "le Chauve" Vidame de Reimsm ---.  Children: 

i)          MANASSES (-1106)Archbishop of Reims 1095.  A charter of the abbey of Saint-Thierry near Reims dated 1103, recites the events recorded in the charter dated 1053 quoted above, adds that later Guido filius eius” [=son of Manassès “le Chauve”] requested payment “ab abbate...ecclesiæ S. Remigii”, in the presence of “domini Manassæ archiepiscopi...fratris sui[144]The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1106 of “Manasses Remensis archiepiscopus et Heinricus quartus...[145].  [The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "XIV Kal Oct" of "domnus Manasses...Remensis archiepiscopus" and his donations of “iv altaria, unum de Monte S. Petri, alterum de Miliaco, tertium de Taxeio, quartum de Novavilla[146].  It is not known whether this entry relates to Archbishop Manassès [I] or Manassès [II].] 

 

 

1.         GERVAIS de Château-du-Loir, son of HAMON Seigneur d'Argentré & his wife Hildeburge de Bellême (Château-du-Loir 2 Feb 1007-Reims 4 Jul 1067).  The Cartulaire of Château-du-Loir records the birth "Non Feb 1007" of "Gervasius apud Castrum Lidi"[147].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the birth "IV Non Feb apud castrum Lidi" of "Gervasius"[148].  Brother of Robert according to Orderic Vitalis250.  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Château-du-LoirBishop of Le Mans 19 Dec 1036.  Archbishop of Reims 15 Oct 1055.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1056 of "Remensis archiepiscopus Guido" and the succession of "Gervasius…primo fuit episcopus Cenomanensis"[149].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the death in 1066 of "Gervasius archiepiscopus"[150].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1067 of “Gervasius archiepiscopus et Balduinus comes[151].  The death of Archbishop Gervasius "III Kal Jul" is recorded in the cartulary of Château-du-Loir[152].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "IV Non Jul" of "Cenomannensium ecclesie antistes Gervasius, necnon etiam Remensium ecclesie post archiepiscopus"[153].  The necrology of Reims records the death “V Non Jul” of “dominus Gervasius archiepiscopus” and his donation[154]

 

 

1.         MANASSES, son of MANASSES [de Ramerupt] & his wife Beatrix de Hainaut (-1085).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Manassem" as the son of Beatrix by her second marriage, recording in a later passage his election as archbishop of Reims in 1070 “per annos 16[155]Archbishop of Reims 1070.  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Manassem Remensem archiepiscopum et Guidonem de Novo-castello et Adelidem abbatissam…de Sancto Iohanne" children of "Manasses cui agnomen Calva-asina" & his wife Beatrix[156].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1085 of "Manasse" and the election of “Raynaldus” as archbishop of Reims[157].  [The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "XIV Kal Oct" of "domnus Manasses...Remensis archiepiscopus" and his donations of “iv altaria, unum de Monte S. Petri, alterum de Miliaco, tertium de Taxeio, quartum de Novavilla[158].  It is not known whether this entry relates to Archbishop Manassès [I] or Manassès [II].] 

 

 

1.         RENAUD de Montreuil, son of BERLAY [II] Seigneur de Montreuil & his [second] wife Grace --- (-21 Jan 1096).  The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the death of "Bellaius dominus Mosterolii castri" and the donation by "huius coniux…Griscia postea Andegavensis comitissa" with the consent of "filiis suis Giraldo, Andegavis in Can Domini…interfecto, et Rainaldo multo post Remensium archiepiscopo"[159].  A document which recounts the dispute between "Capitulum S. Martini Turonensis" and "Radulphum eiusdem urbis Archiepiscopum" names "Reginaldi…filii Græciæ…qui post Remensis Archiepiscopus fuit" as Thesaurarius of the church of Tours Saint-Martin[160]Seigneur de Montreuil.  "Rainaldus Sancti Martini Turonensis thesaurarius et Berlaius nepos meus" renounced rights relating to "curte de Mairono" in favour of the monks of Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated [1080/82] which names "Ursoni de Monasteriolo…Gretia neptis mea"[161]Archbishop of Reims 1085.  The necrology of Reims records the death “XII Kal Feb” of “dominus Rainaldus...Remorum archiepiscopus” and his donation[162]

 

 

1.         RAOUL Le Vert, son of --- (-19 Feb 1125).  Archbishop of Reims 1108.  Orderic Vitalis records the death of "Rainaldus Remensi" and the succession of “Radulfus cognomento Viridis[163].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1108 that the election of "Gervasii filii comitis Hugonis Reitestensis" was annulled and "Radulfum prepositum" ordained "in Remensem archiepiscopum"[164].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the death in 1124 of "Rodulfus archiepiscopus"[165].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1124 of “Radulfo Remorum archiepiscopo” and the succession of “Rainaldus[166].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1125 of “Rodulfus archiepiscopus et Heinricus V imperator[167].  The Annales Cameracenses record the death "XI Kal Mar" of "Radulfus archiepiscopus" and the succession of "Rainaldus episcopus Andegavensis"[168]

 

 

1.         BRIENTSeigneur de Martigny [en Anjou].  m ---.  Brient & his wife had one child: 

a)         RENAUD de Martigny (-14 Dec 1138)Bishop of AngersArchbishop of Reims 1124.  Orderic Vitalis records the death of "Radulfus cognomento Viridis Remorum archiepiscopus" and the succession of “Rainaldus Andegavorum episcopus[169].  The Annales Cameracenses record the death "XI Kal Mar" of "Radulfus archiepiscopus" and the succession of "Rainaldus episcopus Andegavensis"[170].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1124 of “Radulfo Remorum archiepiscopo” and the succession of “Rainaldus[171].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the death in 1138 of "Rainaldus archiepiscopus"[172].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1138 of “Raynaldus Remorum archiepiscopus[173].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1139 the succession of “Samson de clero Carnotensis æcclesiæ” after two years following the death of “Rainoldo Remorum archiepiscopo[174]

2.         LUCIE de Martigny .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the undated charter under which [her son] “Guillelmus....Cenomannorum episcopus” renounced rights relating to the church of Charné, in return for revenue to fund the anniversaries “in vigilia beati Martini hyemalis...patris nostri Guillermi...in crastino festi beati Hilarii...consobrini nostri pie recordationis archiepiscopi Remensis Raginaudi et matris nostre Lucie[175]m GUILLAUME de Passavant, son of --- (-10 Nov ----). 

 

 

1.         SANSON Mauvoisin, son of RAOUL [VII] Mauvoisin & his wife Odesinde --- (-21 Sep 1161).  "Willelmus Malusvicinus miles" founded the church of la Madeleine at Mantes, where "Samson frater eius…Carnotensis ecclesiæ præpositus postmodum ad Remensem archiepiscopatum est provectus" was appointed, as recorded in a charter dated 1133[176]Archbishop of Reims 1140.  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1139 the succession of “Samson de clero Carnotensis æcclesiæ” after two years following the death of “Rainoldo Remorum archiepiscopo[177].  "Sanson…Remensis archiepiscopus" noted the settlement of a dispute concerning "Radulfus Malvesinus frater meus et uxor eius Brita et filii eorum Radulfus et Guillelmus et Manasses et filie eorum Agnes et Regina" concerning "villa de Busseio…Bti Georgii de Medunta…in terra de Monte Ursonis" by charter dated 1146[178].  The Annales Mosomagenses record 1153 “bellum inter Sansonem archiepiscopum Remensem et Guiscardum comitem de Roceio[179].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the death in 1161 of "Samson archiepiscopus Remensis"[180].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1161 of “Sanson archiepiscopus[181].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1161 of "Samson Remorum archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Henricus Belvacensis episcopus[182].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica written in Beauvais records in 1163 the death of “Sanson Remensis archiepiscopus[183]

 

 

1.         HENRI de France, son of LOUIS VI King of France & his wife Adélaïde de Maurienne [Savoie]  ([1121/23]-13 Nov 1175, bur Reims)His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[184].  He was tonsured in 1134.  Archdeacon of Orléans 1142.  He resigned from all his ecclesiastical posts 1146-47 to become a Cistercian monk at Clairvaux[185].  Elected Bishop of Beauvais 1148/49, consecrated 1150.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1161 of "Samson Remorum archiepiscopus”, the succession of “Henricus Belvacensis episcopus frater Ludowici regis Francorum”, and the succession as bishop of Beauvais of “Bartholomeus Remensis æcclesie archidiaconus[186].    Archbishop of Reims 1162.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1161 of "Samson Remorum archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Henricus Belvacensis episcopus frater Ludowici regis Francorum[187].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "Henricus frater Lodovici regis Francorum archiepiscopus Remensis"[188].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Id Nov" of "Henricus archiepiscopus Remorum frater regis Francorum"[189].

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Blois, son of THIBAUT IV Comte de Blois & his wife Mathilde von Sponheim [Carinthia]  (-Laon 7 Sep 1202).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Henricum comitem Trecensem palatinum…Theobaldum comitem Blesenem…Stephanum comitem de Sancerre…et Guillelmus" as the four sons of "comes Campanie Theobaldus", specifying that Guillaume was archbishop of Sens, later archbishop of Reims, "ad quem magister Petrus Comestor scripsit Scolasticum Hystoriam"[190].  William of Tyre names him and his father[191]Bishop of Chartres 1164.  Archbishop of Sens 1168.  Archbishop of Reims 1176.  Robert of Torigny records that "Guillermus frater comitis Thebaldi archiepiscopus Senonensis et episcopus Carnotensis" was transferred to the "archiepiscopum Remensem" in 1177[192].  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1176 that “Willelmus Senonensis archiepiscopus, frater Elizabeth regine Francorum” was transferred “de Senonensi ecclesia in Remensem ecclesiam[193].  Cardinal.  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record the death "apud Laudunum vigilia navitatis beate Marie" of "Willelmus…Remensis archiepiscopus…regis Francorum Philippi avunculus"[194].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death "VII Id Oct" 1203 of “Remensis archiepiscopus Guilelmus regis avunculus et comitum Campanie patruus” after holding office for 26 years[195]

 

 

1.         GUY, son of --- (-1204).  Abbot of Trois-Fontaines .  Archbishop of Reims 1204.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1204 the lengthy dispute between “Theobaldi de Pertico contra Philippum Belvacensem episcopum” concerning the latter´s appointment as archbishop of Reims, settled by the Pope appointing “abbas Guido Trium Fontium” as archbishop[196]

 

 

1.         GUY Paré, son of --- (-Gent 20 May 1206, bur Cîteaux).  Archbishop of Reims 1204.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1204 the appointment of “Guido episcopus cardinalis Prenestinus, Alemannie legatus” as archbishop of Reims after the death of archbishop “abbas Guido Trium Fontium[197].  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record in 1202 that, two years after the death of "Willelmus…Remensis archiepiscopus…", Pope Innocent appointed "Guido Prenestinus episcopus…in archiepiscopum" and record the appointment again in 1204[198].  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record the death in 1206 of "Guido Remensis archiepiscopus"[199].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1206 of “domnus Guido cardinalis Prenestinus Remorum archiepiscopus et apostolice sedis legatus[200].  The Annales Mosomagenses record in 1207 the death of “Guido archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Albericus[201].

 

 

1.         AUBRY de Haut-Villars, son of --- (-Pavia Mar 1219, bur Santo Agustino).  Archbishop of Reims 1207.  The Annales Mosomagenses record in 1207 the death of “Guido archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Albericus[202].  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record in 1207 the appointment of "Albricus Remensis archiepiscopus"[203].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1207 that the Pope appointed “Remensis archiepiscopus magister Albricus Parisiensis archiudyaconus”, through the intervention of “Parisiensi episcopo...Odone[204].  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record the death in 1218 of "Albricus Remensis archiepiscopus" and the succession of "Guillelmus de Iomvilla"[205].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1218 of “archepiscopus Remensis Albricus in revertendo de transmarinis partibus apud Papiam” and his burial “in ecclesia beati Augustini[206].  The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "IX Kal Jan" of "Albricus archiepiscopus” and his donations[207]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Joinville, son of GEOFFROI [IV] Seigneur de Joinville & his wife Helvide de Dampierre (-Saint-Fleur 6 Nov 1226, bur Saint-Fleur).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridus, Robertus, Symon et Guido milites et Guilelmus clericus" as five brothers "apud Ionevillam", recording that Guillaume became "Cathalauensis archidyaconus"[208].  Archdeacon at Chalons 1191.  "Geofroi V Trouillard Sire de Joinville senechal de Champagne" donated property to the abbey of Boulancourt with the consent of his mother Helvide de Dampierre and his brothers Guillaume archdeacon of Chalons, Robert and Simon by charter dated 1191[209]Bishop of Langres 1208.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1208 of “episcopus Robertus Lingonensis qui post Hilduinum prefuit” and the succession of “Guilelmus de Iovevilla[210]Archbishop of Reims 1219.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the installation “V Id Jun” 1219 of “Guilelmus episcopus Lingonensis frater Symonis de Iovevilla” as archbishop of Reims and the succession of “Hugo...filius Anserici de Monteregali” as bishop of Langres[211].  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record the death in 1218 of "Albricus Remensis archiepiscopus" and the succession of "Guillelmus de Iomvilla"[212].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death “apud Sanctum Florum...Non Nov” 1226 of “archiepiscopus Guilelmus Remensis” and his burial “cum monachis in cemiterio[213].  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record the death in 1226 of "domnus Guillelmus de Iomvilla Remensis archiepiscopus"[214]

 

 

1.         HENRI de Dreux, son of ROBERT [II] Comte de Dreux & his second wife Yolande de Coucy ([1193]-Château de Courville, near Reims 6 Jul 1240, bur Reims or Vaucelle, near Cambrai).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Henricum archiepiscopum Remensem et tres comites, Robertum de Brana, Petrum de Britannia, Iohannem Masticonesem et eorum sorores numero septem" as children of "comiti de Brana Roberto" and his wife Yolande[215]Archbishop of Reims 1227.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1227 that “Hugo Leodiensis episcopus” was elected as archbshop of Reims but refused, and that “archidyaconus Remensis Henricus”, who had the previous year renounced his election as bishop of Châlons, was chosen following a second election and consecrated “in octavia pasche[216].  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record the appointment in 1227 of "Henricus de Brana"[217].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1240 of “archiepiscopus Remensis Henricus[218].  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record the death in 1240 "apud Curvillam…pridie Non Jul" of "Henricus de Brana…Remensis archiepiscopus" and his burial at Reims "ante maius altare"[219].  The Obituaire de Notre-Dame de Paris records the death "II Non Jul" of "Henricus de Brana, Roberti iunioris Drocarum comitis et Iolandis de Cuciaco filius, ex thesaurario Belvacensi Remensis archiepiscopus"[220].  The necrology of Reims records the death “II Non Jul” of “dominus Henricus de Brena...Remensis archiepiscopus” and his donation[221]

 

 

1.         JUHEL de Mathefelon, son of --- (-18 Dec 1250).  Archbishop of Reims 1244.  The Annales Sancti Nicasii Remenses record a five year vacancy after the death of "Henricus de Brana…Remensis archiepiscopus" and the appointment in 1244 by Pope Innocent IV of "Inello Turonensi archiepiscopo"[222]

 

 

1.         THOMAS de Beaumetz, son of GILLES Châtelain de Bapaume, Seigneur de Beaumetz & his wife Agnes de Coucy (-17 Feb 1263).  The Chronicle of Baudouin d´Avesnes records that "filia…domini Radulphi de Couchi Agnes" married "domino de Beaumés Egidio castellano de Bapalmes", by whom she had "quatuor…filios et filias…quorum primogenitus ex sorore domini Iacobi de Bailluel in Haynonia filios genuit et filias, secundus…Radulphus uxorem duxit dominam de Baudour relictam domini de Walaincourt et sine liberis mortuus est, tertius…Thomas clericus…et postea Remensis archiepiscopus, quartus Robertus cognomen habuit de Britannia, eo quod nutritus fuerat cum comite Britanniæ Petro"[223]Archbishop of Reims 1250.  The necrology of Reims records the death “XV Kal Mar” of “dominus Thomas de Bellomeso Remensis archiepiscopus” and his donation[224]

 

 

1.         JEAN de Courtenay, son of ROBERT de Courtenay Seigneur de Champignelles & his second wife Mathilde de Mehun (-before 10 Sep 1276)Robertus de Curtigniaco, Buticularius Franciæ, Petro, Philippo et Radulpho filiis suis” agreed a division of their territories, under which after their father´s death “Petrus primogenitus filius” would receive “baroniam de Conchis” reserving revenue to “Robertus, Johannes et Guillelmus, clerici, filii nobilis antedictiby charter dated Mar 1236 (O.S.)[225]Archbishop of Reims 1263.  The testament of Guillelmus de Cortiniaco miles dominus de Champignoliarum”, dated 10 Sep 1276, donated property for the soul of “Margaretæ dominæ de Vinisiaco quondam uxoris meæ” and referred to “domum meam parisiensem” which he had bought from the executors of “Johannis bonæ memoriæ quondam archiepiscopi Remensis fratris mei[226].  

 

1.         PIERRE Barbet, son of --- (-30 Oct 1298).  Archbishop of Reims 1274.  The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "III Kal Nov" of "dominus Petrus de Barbez Remensis archiepiscopus[227]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    BISHOPS of AMIENS

 

 

The episcopal diocese of Amiens corresponded to the Roman civitas Ambianorum, which was part of the province of Belgica Secunda.  It was divided into the archdeaconries of Amiens (consisting of l’Amiénois and le Corbiois, with 14 deaconries) and Ponthieu (Ponthieu or Abbeville and le Vimeu, 12 deaconries)[228]

 

 

No indication has yet been found of the origin of Bishop Hilmerad.  As noted below, he was selected as bishop by Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks.  No information has been found which throws light on any earlier ecclesiastical career: no reference has been found to a subscription by Hilmerad before he was appointed bishop.  The reservations expressed concerning his appointment by Archbishop Hincmar, which Loup Abbot of Ferrières attempted to dissuage, suggest that he had been chosen by the king not for his ecclesiastical dedication but for his support.  This suggests that he belonged to the highest level of West Frankish aristocracy, but was not necessarily a local Amiens man.  He was presumably related to “Hilmeradus comes palatii” whose death in Brittany in 851 is recorded in the Chronicon Fontanellensis[229].  Another possible family member is Elmerad [Hilmerad/Almerad] Bishop of Elna, son of Sunyer [II] Comte de Roussillon, whose death is recorded in 920 (see the document CATALONIA NOBILITY).  Bishop Hilmerad attended many of the church councils held during his episcopacy, presumably as one of the king´s supporters.  It is interesting to note that no reference has been found to Bishop Hilmerad in the major contemporary chronicles[230], which suggests that he may not have risen to the expectations of the king. 

 

1.         HILMERAD (-after [Aug/Sep] 871).  Bishop of Amiens Jun 849.  Loup Abbot of Ferrières recommended “Hilmeradus quem rex Ambianensium esse episcopum jussit” to Archbishop Hincmar, dated 849[231]...Hincmarus Remorum metropolitanus episcopus, Immo Noviomagi, Pardulus Lugduni, Rhothadus Suessionum, Hilmeradus Ambianorum, Erpoinus Silvanecti, Ermenfridus Belloacorum...” addressed “Nomenoio priori gentis Britannice” relating to the concile held in an unknown location [suggested as Anjou] in [Jul/Aug] 850[232]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “...Hilmerado Ambianense...[233].  “...Hilmeradus Ambianensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[234].  The record of the concile held at Verberie 27 Aug 853 names “...Hilmeradus Ambianensium...episcopi[235].  “...Elmeradus Ambianensium ecclesiaæ episcopus...” subscribed the document recording the concile held at Bonneuil in Aug 855[236].  “...Hilmeradus Ambionensium episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Tusey 22 Oct/7 Nov 860, among those marked “subscripsi”, rather than “consensi et subscripsi”, suggesting that the name may have been added later[237].  “...Helmerardus Ambianensis ecclesiæ ...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 862[238].  “...Helmeradi episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie end-Oct 863[239]A charter dated 3 Dec 868 records the examination of "Willeberti presbyteri qui futurus erat Catalaunensis episcopus" by “Hincmaro diœcesis Remensium archiepiscopo, item Hincmaro Laudunensium episcopo, Hodone Belgivacorum episcopo, cum legatis Hrothadi, Erpoini, Hilmeradi, Raginelmi et Johannis eiusdem diœcesis coepiscoporum”, and states that he had been elected by “Hincmaro archiepiscopo et eius coepiscopis[240].  “...Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie Apr 869[241].  “...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[242].  “...Geroldus presbyter ad vicem domini et patris mei Helmeradi Ambianensis ecclesie episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[243]

 

 

No indication has yet been found of the origin of Bishop Gerold.  The name Gerold was associated principally with the Grafen im Thurgau und im Zürichgau in the duchy of Swabia, who were members of the family of Hildegarde second wife of Charles I King of the West Franks (later Emperor Charlemagne), but no document has been identified which suggests that Bishop Gerold had a Swabian origin.  His deputising for Bishop Hilmerad in 871 indicates that he was a prominent member of the church of Amiens before his elevation to the episcopal see. 

 

1.         GEROLD (-25 Sep [877/93]).  ...Geroldus presbyter ad vicem domini et patris mei Helmeradi Ambianensis ecclesie episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[244]Bishop of Amiens [871].  The necrology of Corvey records the death 25 Sep of Bishop Gerold[245]

 

 

No indication has yet been found of the origin of Bishop Otgar.  The name is relatively common, and also suggests a connection with Odaker/Otkar/Ottakar which is found relatively frequently in the Styria/Tirol area.  Several records have been identified which refer to other nobles and bishops named Otgar.  The Annales Lobienses record that "Otgario marchione" accompanied the widow of King Karlomann when she fled to her father Desiderio King of the Lombards after her husband died in 771[246].  An Otgar is recorded as archbishop of Mainz from 826 to 847, as bishop of Eichstätt from [847] to [880], and as bishop of Speyer from 962 to 970.  No relationship has been traced between any of these individuals. 

 

1.         OTGAR (-1 Aug 928).  Soyez states that Otgar was a canon at Saint-Quentin but he does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[247]Bishop of Amiens.  The precise date of his elevation to the bishopric has not been found.  A narrative of the excommunications pronounced against the murderers of Foulques Archbishop of Reims records the presence of “Heriveus...Remorum archiepisc...Wido Rotomagensium archiepiscopus, Riculfus Suessionum episcopus, Heidilo Noviomagensium episcopus, Dodilo Cameracensium episcopus, Helinandus Morinensium episcopus, Otgarius Ambianensium episcopus, Honoratus Belvacensium episcopus, Mancio Catalaunensium episcopus, Rodulfus Laudunensium episcopus, Otfridus Silvanectensium episcopus, Angelrannus Meldensium episcopus[248]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ names “Riculfo Suessorum episcopo, Dodilone Cameracensi, Otgario Ambianensi, Mantione Catalaunensi, Rodulfo Laudunensi, Otfrido Silvanectensi” as present at the ordination of Hérivée Archbishop of Reims (dated to 901)[249].  Flodoard records in 928 the death of "Otgarius Ambianensium præsul”, adding that he was a centenarian (which seems unlikely for the time)[250].  The necrology of Corvey records the death “Kal Aug” of Bishop Otgar[251]

 

 

No indication has yet been found of the origin of Bishop Derold.  He is referred to as “medicus” by Flodoard, a rare example of a contemporary source which specifies an earlier profession followed by a bishop.  This suggests that Derold may not have belonged to the noble class.  No other references have been found to nobles named Derold. 

 

1.         DEROLD (-10 Apr [946/47]).  Bishop of Amiens 929.  Flodoard records in 929 that “Deroldus medicus” was appointed to "episcopatum Ambianensem[252].  Flodoard records in 946 the death of “Deroldus Ambianensium præsul[253]

 

 

No indication has yet been found of the origin of Bishop Thibaut.  He was installed by Hugues Archbishop of Reims, during the period between the archbishop´s expulsion from Reims and his deposition by Pope Agapet II in 948.  Bishop Thibaut was therefore a supporter of the Vermandois faction, and was possibly related in some way to the comital family.  No trace has been found of his fate after his expulsion from Amiens in 949. 

 

1.         THIBAUT [I] (-after 949).  Bishop of Amiens 947.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that, after the death of “Deroldo Ambianensium presule”, “Tetbaldus...ecclesie Suessonice archidiaconus” was ordained by “Hugone Ambianis episcopus[254].  Flodoard records in 947 that “Hugo præsul annitente avunculo suo Hugone” [indicating Hugues Duc des Francs, maternal uncle of Hugues Archbishop of Reims] ordained “Ambianis episcopum Tetbaldum...æcclesiæ Suessonicæ clericum[255].  Flodoard records in 949 that “Ambianenses” expelled “Tetbaldum quem eis Hugo constituerat episcopum” and proposed “Ragembaldum...Atrabatensem...monachum” who was consecrated as bishop by Artaud Archbishop of Reims[256]same person as...?  THIBAUT [II] (-after 24 Sep 975).  Soyez assumes that Thibaut [II] was the same person as Thibaut [I][257], but confirmation has not been found that this is correct.  Bishop of Amiens .  The precise date of Thibaut´s appointment as bishop has not been ascertained.  Gallia Christiana names Bishop Thibaut as the nominee of “Hugone pseudoepiscopo Remensi”, which suggests that he was appointed after the expulsion of Bishop Ragembald in 950 (see above)[258].  However, no primary source is cited on which the statement is based and, if correct, it is surprising that his deposition only occurred 25 years later.  Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “Wido Suessionensis ecclesiæ episcopus, Hildricus Belvacensis ecclesiæ episcopus, Thebaldus Ambianensis episcopus, Haidulfus Noviomensis episcopus, Theudo Cameracensis episcopus, Adalbero Laudunensis episcopus, Gipuinus Catalaunensis episcopus, Constantius Silvanectensis episcopus, Liudulfus Tarvanensis episcopus...[259]Gallia Christiana records that, as the nominee of “Hugone pseudoepiscopo Remensi”, Bishop Thibaut was excommunicated VIII Kal Oct” 975 by “Stephano sedis apostolicæ legato et Adalberone Remensi archiepiscopo”, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[260]

 

 

No indication has yet been found of the origin of Bishop Ragembald.  His name suggests a connection with the Scandinavian Ragnvald, and also with the later Germanic Reinbold. 

 

1.         RAGEMBALD (-[after 950]).  According to Yepes, he was a monk at Saint-Vaast (no primary source cited on which the statement is based)[261].  In addition, Soyez states that he was abbot of Saint-Valéry but nor does he cite the primary source on which provides the basis for this information[262]Bishop of Amiens 949.  Flodoard records in 949 that “Ambianenses” expelled “Tetbaldum quem eis Hugo constituerat episcopum” and proposed “Ragembaldum...Atrabatensem...monachum” who was consecrated as bishop by Artaud Archbishop of Reims[263].  Flodoard records in 950 that “Hugo” [Hugues ex-archbishop of Reims] entered “Ambianensem...urbem” and was received “in turri quam Ragembaldus episcopus tenebat[264], suggesting but not stating explicitly that Bishop Ragembald was deposed at that time.  No subsequent reference has been found to a bishop of Amiens until Thibaut [II] in 972 (see below). 

 

 

No indication has yet been found of the origin of Bishop Alvian. 

 

1.         [ALVIAN (-[980]).  Gallia Christiana names “Almannus seu Alvianus aut Almarus” as successor of Bishop Thibaut and predecessor of Bishop Gottesman, but provides no information on his bishopric except his name[265].  Soyez comments that “nous ne conaissons de ce prélat rien autre chose que son nom inscrit sur toutes nos listes épiscopales et la date de sa mort[266].  It is not known whether the information contained in the old bishop lists were based on primary source material which has since disappeared.  There is no way of knowing, therefore, whether Bishop Alvian existed or not.] 

 

 

Bishop Gottesmann´s name is obviously Germanic.  As noted below, Gallia Christiana states that he was nepos of Lothaire King of the West Franks and consanguineus of Bruno Bishop of Langres and of Arnoul Archbishop of Reims.  The primary source on which this statement is based has not yet been identified, and the precise family connection not yet ascertained.  Arnoul Archbishop of Reims was the illegitimate son (most probably) of King Lothaire and Bishop Bruno was the son of King Lothaire´s uterine half-sister, Alberade daughter of Giselbert Duke of Lotharingia and his wife Gerberga of Germany.  The common link for consanguinity is therefore Alberade´s mother, Gerberga who was the daughter of Heinrich I King of Germany and his second wife Mathilde from the Immedinger family.  As can be seen, if Gottesmann´s consanguineous relationship with the archbishop and the bishop is correct, his “nepos” relationship with King Lothaire must have been remote.  The family of Heinrich I King of Germany is reasonably well defined.  The more likely possibility, therefore, is that Bishop Gottesmann was descended from the Immedinger family of Queen Mathilde, possibly a descendant of one of her three known sisters, the first of which was ancestor of the Graven von Teisterbant (see the document HOLLAND & FRISIA), the second of a branch of the family of the Billung dukes of Saxony (see SAXONY, DUKES & ELECTORS), or the third whose descendants are not known precisely.  As can be seen, the number of possibilities is too great to speculate meaningfully about Gottesmann´s precise family background. 

 

1.         GOTTESMANN (-[991/93]).  Bishop of Amiens [after 975].  Gallia Christiana records the succession of Gottesmann “Lothari IV Ludovici Transmarini filii…nepos, Brunonis episcopi Lingonensis et Arnulfi Remensis archiepiscopi consanguineus”, but does not cite the primary source which confirms this family relationship[267].  The circumstances and precise date of his appointment have not been ascertained.  "...Adalberonis Remensis archiepiscopi, Sevini Senonensis archiepiscopi, Daimberti Bituricensis archiepiscopi, Widonis Suessionensis episcopi, Gibuini Catalaunensis episcopi, Lisiardi Parisiensis episcopi, Godesmanni Ambianensis episcopi, Adalberonis Laudunensis episcopi, Herennei Belvacensi episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 987 under which Hugues King of France issued orders at the request of “Mangaudus ex monasterio Corbeiæ[268]The necrology of Corvey records the death “VII Id Jan” of “Godemannus episcopus Ambianensis nostræ congregationis[269]

 

 

Bishop Foulques was related to the comtes d´Amiens, although there is some doubt about his precise relationship to the family.  He presumably owed his appointment to their local influence.  Bishop Foulques was succeeded by his own nepos, also named Foulques. 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         FOULQUES, son of [GAUTHIER [I] Comte d´Amiens & his second wife Adela ---] (-[1030])Bishop of Amiens [993].  According to Gallia Christiana, Bishop Foulques was “Galterii comitis Ambianorum...ex Aleide Crespeia natu minor” (no primary source cited)[270].  “...Fulco Ambianensis episcopus...” subscribed the charter dated to [1008] under which Robert II King of France confirmed donations to Saint-Denis[271].  Bishop Foulques is recorded among those present at the coronation of Henri, son of Robert II King of France, in 1027[272].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Gerardus...Cameracensium coepiscopus” wrote to ”Domino Ambianensium episcopo Fulconi[273]

2.         GAUTHIER [II] Comte d´Amiens et du Vexinm ADELA, daughter of ---.  Children: 

a)         [FOULQUES de Mantes (-1058).  According to Gallia Christiana, Bishop Foulques was “nepos” of his predecessor (no primary source cited)[274]Bishop of Amiens [1030].  Orderic Vitalis names Foulques as third son of Dreux Comte de Mantes and his wife Godgifu of England and specifies that he was Bishop of Amiens[275].  Foulques Bishop of Amiens is named in charters from early in the reign of Henri King of France.  It is difficult to determine which of these charters may relate to his predecessor, also named Foulques. However, if they relate to Bishop Foulques who died in 1058 it is unlikely that Orderic Vitalis was correct about his parentage.  It is possible, therefore, that Bishop Foulques was the brother of Dreux Comte de Mantes not his son.]  "Widonis archiepiscopi, Beroldi episcopi, Gibuini episcopi, Fulconis episcopi, Drogonis episcopi, Frotlandi episcopi, Hetzelini episcopi, Balduini episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 1047 which records donations to Soissons-Saint-Médard made by "Hugo", for the souls of “patris sui Rainoldi...et fratris sui...Alberti[276]Henri I King of France granted privileges to Amiens, with the consent of “Fulcone Ambianensi et Gualtero comite”, by charter dated 1057[277].

 

 

1.         GUY [de Ponthieu], son of ENGUERRAND Comte [de Ponthieu] & his wife Aleida [van Westfriesland] (-1074).  The Chronicon Hariulfi records that “Guidonem...comitis germanum Hugonis, comitis Widonis patruum” succeeded “Fulconis” as bishop of Amiens[278].  Archdeacon of Amiens Notre-Dame.  Bishop of Amiens 1058.  ...Episcopis Heidone Suessionensi, Rogero Catalaunensi, Elinando Laudunensi, Balduino Noviomensi, Frollando Silvanectensi, Letberto Cameracensi, Guidone Ambianensi...” are named as present at the consecration of Philippe I King of France dated 22 May 1059[279].  “Gervasii Remorum archiepiscopi, Balduini Noviomensis episcopi, Widonis Ambianensis episcopi, Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1065, after 4 Aug, confirmed the restoration of property to Hasnon monastery by “Balduinus filius Balduini Philippi regis Francorum procuratoris et bajuli[280].  “...Mainardi archiepiscopi Senonensis, Gaubertus cujus beneficium est, Rainaldi Pagani fratris eius, Witdonis fratris eorum...Gaufredi episcopi Parisiacensis ecclesiæ...Stephanus, Rainaldus filii eius et filia Lætvis, Adherici episcopi Aurelianensis ecclesiæ, Widonis episcopi Ambianensis ecclesiæ, Hugonis Nivernensis ecclesiæ episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 26 Jan 1065 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation of “ecclesiam...sancte...Marie...super fluvium Lupe in pago Wastinensi, Kadelatam” made by “Gausbertus miles” to Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, for the souls of “patris mei...Hatonis...meæ genetricis...Erdeburgis...filiorum meorum et filiarum[281].  “Balduini Noviomensi episcopi, Widonis Ambianensis episcopi, Drogonis Taruennensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1066, after 4 Aug, under which Baudouin V Count of Flanders donated property to the church of Li lle Saint-Pierre[282]He was the probable author of the poem Carmen, written in [1067], which commemorates the campaign of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy to conquer England[283]Richerus Senonensis archiepiscopus, Gaufridus Parisius episcopus, Guido Anbianensis episcopus, Gaulterus Meldensis episcopus, Hugo Trecensis episcopus, Roger Cathalaunensis episcopus, Agolandus idem Ivo Saxensis episcopus...” subscribed the charter dated 29 May 1067 under which Philippe I King of France donated the abbey of Orléans Saint-Sanson to Saint-Martin-des-Champs[284].  “Richerii archiepiscopi Senonensis, Gauffridi Parisiensis episcopi, Wauterii episcopi Meldensis, Hugonis Trecensis episcopi...Manassedis Remensis archiepiscopi, Widonis Ambianensis episcopi, Widonis Belvacensis episcopi, Elinandi Laudunensis episcopi, Rogerii Catalaunensis episcopi, Rabbodi Noviomensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 2 Nov 1071 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the grant by Bouchard Comte de Corbeil of privileges to Corbeil Saint-Spire[285]

 

 

The origin of Bishop Foulques has not been identified.  However, the subscription by Foulques, the only bishop who is named, of the charter relating to donations to a new monastery in Poitiers suggests that he must have been closely connected either with the town or the family of the dukes of Aquitaine/comtes de Poitou. 

 

1.         FOULQUES [II] (-[1076/78]).  Bishop of Amiens [1075].  ...Fulconis in Ambianensem episcopatum tunc electi non adhuc consecrati...” subscribed the charter dated 14 Oct 1076 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made to the monastery of Chasseignes near Poitiers by Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine[286]

 

 

1.         RAOUL (-after 1081).  Bishop of Amiens [1078].  Soyez records that Raoul was installed as bishop by the bishops of Laon and Soissons, without authorisation from the archbishop of Reims, and abdicated in 1081 before he was deposed (no primary source cited on which the information is based)[287]

 

 

1.         RORIC (-after 1085).  Bishop of Amiens . Elinandi Laudunensis episcopi, Rainaldi Remensis archiepiscopi, Rotgeri Catala[une]nis episcopi, Rabodonis Noviomensis episcopi, Gerardi Camer[acensis] episcopi, Gerardi Taruennensis episcopi, Roriconis Ambianensis episcopi, Ingelranni Suessionensis episcopi, Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1084, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “Ansellus de Ribotmonte” to Ribemont Saint-Nicolas[288].  Compendiensi 1085, "Rorico...præsul Ambianis" granted privileges to the church of St Aceius and St Acheolus by charter dated 1085[289].  Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to the church of Charroux by “Robertus...castri et terre Perronensis dominus et Emma uxor eius et eorum filius Odo et filia Adeliz” by charter dated 1085, witnessed byRenaldus Remorum archiepiscopus, Rabodo Noviomensis episcopus, Elinandus Laudunensis episcopus, Rogerus Catalaunensis episcopus, Rorico Ambianensis episcopus, Gerardus Morinensis episcopus, Helgotus Suessionensis episcopus, Ursio Belvacensis episcopus, Gofridus Parisacensis episcopus, G. Cameracensis episcopus, Ursio Silvanectensis episcopus, Walterus Meldensis episcopus...”, classified as spurious in the compilation[290]Frater Hu. Clun” confirmed to “G. episcopo...Ambianensis ecclesiæ” the donation of “alodium...de Granviller” made by “prædecessoris vestri DS. Rorigonis episcopi et matris mea” to Beauvais Saint-Lucien by undated charter[291]

 

 

Bishop Gervin belonged to a family from Laon which can be reconstructed as follows from the Chronique de Saint-Riquier. 

 

1.         GUILLANCEm ROMILDE, daughter of ---.  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Gervin né à Laon et fils de Guillence et de Romilde" when recording that he was brought up at Reims Sainte-Marie, became chaplain of Richard abbé de Verdun, and was later appointed abbot of Saint-Riquier[292].  Guillance & his wife had four children: 

a)         --- .  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Gervin" became a monk after the death of his parents “se voyant le chef de sa famille qui était illustre[293].  No other information has been found concerning the brother of Gervin who succeeded his father. 

b)         GERVIN (-Saint-Riquier 3 Mar 1075, bur Saint-Riquier).  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Gervin né à Laon et fils de Guillence et de Romilde" when recording that he was brought up at Reims Sainte-Marie, became chaplain of Richard abbé de Verdun, and was later appointed abbot of Saint-Riquier[294].  Abbot of Saint-Riquer 25 Mar [1045].  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records the death "V Non Mar" 1074 of “Gervin” and his burial at Saint-Riquier[295]

c)         ROSCELINE .  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Gervin" had two sisters “qui avaient été confiées à sa tutelle”, one named “Rotseline” whose marriage he arranged to “un chevalier...Haymon” while the other became a nun[296]m AIMON, son of ---.  Aimon & his wife had two children: 

i)          GERVIN (Laon ---- -Marmoutiers 25 Feb 1104).  Gallia Christiana namesHaimundo et Roscelina soror Gervini abbatis Centulensis” as the parents of Bishop Gervin, adding that he was installed as abbot of Saint-Richer by his maternal uncle, but does not cite the corresponding primary sources[297]The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Gervin" proposed “son neveu Gervin” as his successor and that he was installed as abbot of Saint-Riquier “X Kal Nov” 1071[298].  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records the appointment of "Gervin" as bishop of Amiens[299]Bishop of Amiens"Hugo...Suessionensis episcopus" confirmed the property of “monasterio S. Theobaldi juxta Basilicas sito” by charter dated 1093, subscribed by “Hugonis episcopi tunc temporis decaniam et cancellariam in manu sua tenentis...Rainaldi Remorum archiepiscopi, Elinandi Laudunensium episcopi, Fulconis Belvacensium episcopi, Gervini Ambianensium episcopi, Ratbodi Noviomensium episcopi, Girardi Morinorum episcopi...[300].  "Gervinus...Ambianensium episcopus" founded a monastery at “villa infra meum episcopatum...Bertolcurtis...in loco...Pratum” by charter dated 5 Nov 1095[301]"Gervinus...Ambianensis ecclesie presul" confirmed the donation of “altare ville...Arguvium” to Amiens Notre-Dame by charter dated to [1091/1102][302].  After accusations of simony, he abdicated in 1100 and became a monk at Marmoutiers.  The necrology of Amiens records the death “V Kal Mar” of “Gervini episcopi hujus ecclesie” and his donation of “altare de Stella[303]

ii)         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

(1)       CESARE .  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Gervin" wished “[son] neveu...Césaire...moine de S. Remi” to succeed him as abbot of Saint-Riquier[304]

d)         daughter .  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Gervin" had two sisters “qui avaient été confiées à sa tutelle”, one named “Rotseline” whose marriage he arranged to “un chevalier...Haymon” while the other became a nun[305]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         GODEFROI, son of FRODON & his wife Elisabeth --- ([1066]-8 Nov 1115, bur Soissons Saint-Crispin).  Soyez records that Godefroi was “d´extraction noble” and third son of “Frodon [qui] possédait la terre de Molincourt ou Monticourt dans le Soissonais, sa mère...Elisabeth”, adding that he entered Mont-Saint-Quentin aged five and ordained in 1092 at the age of 25 (no primary sources cited on which the information is based)[306]Bishop of Amiens [1105].  “Godefridus...Ambianensis ecclesie episcopus” confirmed the donations of “dimidium altare de Sanctis...dimidium altare de Amelli...parrochialem ecclesiam sancte Mariæ de Botva...” to Saint-Fuscien made by “Ingelrannus comes” by charter dated 24 Mar [1105/06][307].  “G[odefridus]...Ambianensis ecclesie episcopus” confirmed various donations made to monks of Molesmes at Bagneux, including those made by “Gervinum predecessorem nostrum...ecclesiam...in villa...Balneolus”, by charter dated 21 Jul 1106[308].  "Godefridus...Ambianensis episcopus" donated “ecclesiam Torsincurtis” to Amiens Notre-Dame by charter dated 1109[309].  “Godefridus...Ambianensis episcopus” confirmed the donations of “ecclesiam...Belleville...Leisin...Vaccareia...Caisneiolum” to Hesdin monastery by charter dated to [Apr 1111/Mar 1112][310]

2.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ROHARDGallia Christiana records that “Rohardus S Godefridi Ambianensis episcopi nepos” succeeded Bernard as deacon of Soissons in 1139[311]

 

 

Gallia Christiana records “de Ambianis cognominatur Ingelrannus” in a charter dated 1124 for Amiens Saint-Jean and says that “from this it can be concluded that he was from the family of the counts of châtelains of Amiens[312].  Soyez builds on this by stating that Bishop Enguerrand was the son of “le seigneur de Boves...Enguerrand[313].  From a chronological point of view, assuming that this affiliation is correct the bishop´s father would have been Enguerrand [I] de Boves Comte d´Amiens (see the document NORTHERN FRANCE NOBILITY).  While the name is characteristic of the Boves/Coucy family, no primary source has been identified which confirms that this suggested affiliation is correct.  Indeed, no primary source has been found which gives any indication of the family background of Bishop Enguerrand. 

 

1.         ENGUERRAND (-11 May [1127]).  Archdeacon of Amiens.  Bishop of Amiens [1115].  "Ingelrannus...Ambianensis episcopus" confirmed “altare de Ciconiis” to “cœnobii montis sancti Quintini Peronæ” by charter dated 1116[314]The dating clause of a charter dated 1 Aug 1121 refers to “Ludovico regnante, Ingelranno episcopante, Karolo consule[315].  Ingelrannus...Ambianensis ecclesie...episcopus, Guarinus...archidiaconus, Rogerus decanus, Symon prepositus et archidiaconus” confirmed their privileges relating to “castello Balgenci”, with the consent of “Radulpho de Balgenci”, by charter dated to before 1127[316].  The necrology of Amiens records the death “V Id Mai” of “Ingeranni episcopi hujus ecclesie” and his donation of “altare de Creissi[317]

 

 

Soyez states that Bishop Warin “appartenait à la noble famille de Châtillon...sur-Marne” but he makes no suggestion about his precise affiliation[318]Gallia Christiana takes the same position when it records the abdication in 1144 of “Guarinus de Chastillon S. Pol episcopus Ambianensis” (no primary source cited)[319].  No primary source has been identified which gives any clue about Warin´s family background. 

 

1.         WARIN, son of --- (-[1153], bur Cluny).  Archdeacon of Amiens.  “Ingelrannus...Ambianensis ecclesie...episcopus, Guarinus...archidiaconus, Rogerus decanus, Symon prepositus et archidiaconus” confirmed their privileges relating to “castello Balgenci”, with the consent of “Radulpho de Balgenci”, by charter dated to before 1127[320].  Bishop of Amiens 1127.  "Warinus...præsul et totius reipublicæ Ambianensium procurator" confirmed the foundation of Selincourt abbey by charter dated 19 Jun 1131[321]Guarinus...Ambianensis episcopus” confirmed a donation to Amiens made by “Nicholaus Maineri filius” by charter dated 1145[322].  He abdicated in 1145 and became a monk at Cluny. 

 

 

Gallia Christiana states that Bishop Thierry was “ex monacho S. Nicolai” and served as “abbas sancti Eligii Noviomensis” [abbot of Noyon Saint-Eloy] before being appointed bishop of Amiens (no primary source cited)[323].  No primary source has been identified which gives any clue about Thierry´s family background and his name is too common to make speculation useful. 

 

1.         THIERRY (-Nov 1164).  Bishop of Amiens 1145.  “Theodericus...Ambianensis episcopus” confirmed the rights of “ecclesia sancti Aceoli et ecclesia sancti Martini” by charter dated 1145[324].  "Theodericus...Ambianensis episcopus" confirmed the properties of Montdesiré abbey by charter dated to [1146][325]The Nicolai Ambianensis Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica records the appointment in 1152 of “Theodoricus Ambianensis episcopus[326]

 

 

Soyez calls Bishop Robert “Robert de Camera” but provides no explanation for this name[327]Gallia Christiana makes no comment on his family background[328].  No primary source has been identified which gives any clue about the origin of Bishop Robert.  

 

1.         ROBERT (-18 Apr [1165/69]).  Bishop of Amiens .  “Robertus...Ambianensis episcopus” confirmed “vicecomitatus de Ver, de Saleu, de Mes quem Hugo de Saluel...tenebat” by charter dated to [1165/69], witnessed by “...Ricardus de Gerberroi...[329]The necrology of Amiens records the death “XIV Kal Mai” of “Roberti episcopi hujus ecclesie” and the donation for his anniversary[330]

 

 

According to Gallia Christiana, Bishop Thibaut was “Radulfi archidiaconi Pontivensis germanus” and “alteriusque Radulfi decani ex fratre nepos”, as well as distantly related (“cognationis vinculo”) to Guillaume de Champagne Archbishop of Reims[331].  It cites no primary source which provides the basis for these statements, and no such primary source has yet been identified. 

 

1.         THIBAUT [III] d´Heilly, son of --- (-30 Apr 1205, bur Amiens).  Archdeacon of Amiens.  “Domnus Theobaldus episcopus tunc temporis archidiaconus...” subscribed a charter dated 1167 which confirmed a donation to Amiens[332].  Bishop of Amiens 1169.  "Theobaldus...Ambianensium dictus episcopus" confirmed the “fraternitatis...beati Nicolai” by charter dated 1175[333].  Durand records that Bishop Thibaut supervised the transfer of the relics of Saint-Firmin to Amiens cathedral 16 Oct 1204[334].  The necrology of Amiens records the death “pridie Kal Mai” of “Theobaldi episcopi hujus ecclesie” and his donation of “altelagia de Chessoi, de Louecort, de Tilloloi, de Booucort[335].  Assuming that this date is correct, the chronology of the documents in which he and his successor are named shows that Bishop Thibaut must have abdicated earlier. 

 

 

Although the necrology of Amiens names the parents of Bishop Richard, their precise relationship to the main Gerberoy family has not been ascertained. 

 

1.         RICHARD de Gerberoy, son of EUSTACHE de Gerberoy & his wife Ermentrude --- (-14 May [1210/11], bur Saint-Martin-aux-Jumeaux, Amiens).  His parentage is confirmed by the necrology of Amiens which records the death “Id Mai” of “Eustachii militis patris Ricardi de Gerborredo episcopi huius ecclesie” and the donation made by his son in his memory, the death “XV Kal Jun” of “Adele avie et alumpne Ricardi de Gerborredo episcopi huj ecclesie et Ermentrudis filie sue matris eiusdem Ricardi epi” (and his donation for her), and the death “XIV Kal Jun” of “Gervasi et Guillermi fratrum et militum” for whom “Ricardus de Gerborredo episcopus huj ecclesie nepos eorum” donated property[336].  [“Robertus...Ambianensis episcopus” confirmed “vicecomitatus de Ver, de Saleu, de Mes quem Hugo de Saluel...tenebat” by charter dated to [1165/69], witnessed by “...Ricardus de Gerberroi...[337].  It is not known whether the witness was the same person as the later bishop.]  Canon at Amiens. A charter dated 1184 names “Ricardus de Gerborredo concanonicus noster[338].  Deacon at Amiens.  “Ricardus...Ambianensis decanus” confirmed rights in “Creissi” by charter dated 1191[339]Bishop of Amiens 1205.  Pope Innocent III ordered an enquiry into the election of Richard de Gerberoy, because of his ill-health, dated 2 Mar [1205][340].  The enquiry presumably found in Richard´s favour, although no record survives of the outcome.  “Ricardus...Ambianensis episcopus” confirmed the donation of “decima totius territorii de Belsar” by charter dated 20 Mar 1205 (O.S.)[341].  “Ricardus...Ambianensis episcopus” confirmed rights in “agricultura territorii de Matricort” by charter dated Apr 1209[342].  “Ricardus...Ambianensis episcopus” confirmed rights in “nemore de Cresci” by charter dated May 1210[343].  The necrology of Amiens records the death “pridie Id Mai” of “Ricardi...hujus ecclesie episcop viri litterati, liberalis et constantissimi” and the donation made for his anniversary[344]An epitaph in the church of Saint-Martin-aux-Jumeaux, Amiens records the burial of “præsul Ricardus[345]

 

 

1.         EVERARD, son of --- (-Nov 1222, bur Amiens).  [A charter dated 1184 is witnessed by “...Evrardo de Foilloi...subdiaconibus[346].  It is unclear whether Deacon Everard de Fouilloy was the same person as the future Bishop Everard.]  “A...Remensis archiepiscopus” distributed tasks “vacante sede Ambianensis ecclesie” by charter dated May 1211[347]Bishop of Amiens [1212].  “Evrardus...Ambianensis ecclesie minister” made an agreement with “Johannem de Tois militem” concerning rights “in territorio de Tois” by charter dated 1212[348]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY Le Wallech, son of --- (-25 Nov 1236).  Bishop of Amiens .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1238 of “episcopus Ambiensis” and the succession of “magister Arnulfus[349].

 

 

1.         ARNOUL, son of --- & his wife Elisabeth --- (-[Jun] 1247), bur Amiens).  Durand records that Bishop Arnoul was the son of Elisabeth, wife of Roger de Fournival doctor to King Philippe II and King Louis VIII, by her first husband whose name is not known[350]: the necrology of Amiens records the death “XIV Kal Feb” of “Elizabeth de Petra matris...episcopi Amb. Arnulphi et magistri Rogeri de Furnivalle” and the donation made by her son in her memory[351]Bishop of Amiens 1236.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1238 of “episcopus Ambiensis” and the succession of “magister Arnulfus[352]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    BISHOPS of ARRAS

 

 

The diocesis of Arras was located south of the territory of the bishopric of Thérouanne and north-east of Amiens, centred on the town of Arras.  It was divided into the archdeaconries of Arras (or Artois) and Ostrevant[353].  Founded by Saint-Vaast in the early 6th century, the bishops of Arras were appointed to a new diocese of Cambrai in the late 6th century.  Cambrai soon evolved as the main bishopric of the two, a situation which persisted until the death of Gerard Bishop of Cambrai in 1092 after which the two bishoprics separated.  The town of Arras was dominated by the abbey of Saint-Vaast, the avoués of which (the Béthune family, see the document FLANDERS NOBILITY) played a prominent role in local politics.  The revival of the bishopric of Arras is dated to 1094, and Pope Pascal II confirmed the autonomy of the diocesis by bull dated 2 Dec 1115[354].  The circumstances of the split between the two bishoprics are described in detail in the Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio)[355]

 

 

The letter from the canons of Arras to Pope Urban II confirmed the choice of “Lambert de Guines” as the appointee to the see of Arras[356].  No connection between Bishop Lambert and the comital family of Guines has been found.  It is probable that he adopted his name merely from his town of origin.  No information has been found on his ecclesiastical career prior to his appointment as bishop. 

 

1.         LAMBERT (-1115).  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records the disputes which arose following the death of Gerard Bishop of Cambrai, when the town of Cambrai chose “Francigenam...Manassen” whereupon the canons appointed “prepositum...Mascelinum”, while the inhabitants of Arras appointed “episcopum...Lambertum[357]Bishop of Arras .  The Annales Cameracenses record the death "XVII Kal Jun" of "Lambertus episcopus Atrebati"[358].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1115 of “Lambertus...Atrebatensis episcopus” and the succession of “Robertus[359]

 

 

According to Fanien, Bishop Robert was “originaire d´Arras” but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[360].  Robert is a name closely associated with the Béthune family who held the avouerie of Saint-Vaast/Arras, but no precise connection with Bishop Robert can be identified.  No information has been found on his ecclesiastical career prior to his appointment as bishop. 

 

1.         ROBERT (-1131).  Bishop of Arras 1115.  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1115 of “Lambertus...Atrebatensis episcopus” and the succession of “Robertus[361].  "Robertus...Attrebatensis episcopus" donated “altaria...Anesin, Werkin, Salomes, Hautay” to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 1123[362].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1131, after the death of "domno Roberto Atrebatensi episcopo”, the succession of “domnus Alvisus Aquicinensis æcclesiæ sextus abbas” as bishop[363].  The Annales Aquicinctini record the death in 1133 of "Robertus episcopus Atrebatensis" and the succession of "domnus Alvisus…noster sextus abbas"[364]

 

 

Fanien records that Bishop Alvise was born “dans l’ancien diocèse de Thérouanne”, was educated at the abbey of Saint-Bertin, and became abbot of Anchin[365].  As noted below, Odon de Deuil notes that Alvise had been a monk at Saint-Bertin. 

 

1.         ALVISE (-Philippopolis 6 Sep 1148, bur Philippopolis St George).  Bishop of Arras 1131.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1131, after the death of "domno Roberto Atrebatensi episcopo”, the succession of “domnus Alvisus Aquicinensis æcclesiæ sextus abbas” as bishop[366].  Odon de Deuil records the circumstances in which "Alvise d´Arras, Barthélemi le chancelier, Archambaud de Bourbon" were sent in advance of the main crusading army towards Constantinople in 1147[367].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1148 the death of “Alvisus Atrebatensis episcopus...apud Philippopolim[368].  Odon de Deuil records the death "à Philippopolis…VIII Id Sep" of "Alvise…évêque d´Arras", noting that he had been a monk at Saint-Bertin, and his burial "hors de la ville…dans l´église de Saint-George"[369]

 

 

Fanien states that Bishop Godeschalk was “originaire d´une famille riche de Brabant et ancien abbé du mont Saint-Martin de Laon”, but he does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[370].  His name suggests that he may have been related to the individuals named Godeschalk who are recorded at Saint-Bertin.  The cartulaire of Saint-Bertin records that, after the death of "Leone abbate", the election of “Arnoldus abbas Affligensis in Brabantia”  was blocked by the bishop of Cambrai, and “in abbatem Hamensem Godescalcum” was appointed in 1160, adding that “a puero hic monachus effectus”, that “in annis juvenilibus” he was appointed “apud Alchiacum...prior”, later after returning to Saint-Bertin he “ministerium hospitarii administrans”, after which he was elected “in abbatem Hamensem[371].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1176 of "Godescalcus abbas Sancti Bertini[372]

 

1.         GODESCHALK (-1172).  Bishop of Arras [1150/51].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the appointment in 1151 of “Godescalcus [abbas] monte sancti Martini” as bishop of Arras[373].  He abdicated in [1160].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1172 of "Godeschalcus quondam Attrebatensis episcopus[374]

 

 

1.         ANDRE (-1173, bur Arras).  Bishop of Arras [1160].  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1173 of "Andreas Attrebatensis episcopus” and the succession of “Robertus Ariensis prepositus[375]

 

 

1.         ROBERT (-murdered [1172/74]).  Fanien states that Bishop Robert had been “chancelier du comté de Flandre” and was murdered soon after his appointment as bishop, but he does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[376]Bishop of Arras 1173.  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1173 of "Andreas Attrebatensis episcopus” and the succession of “Robertus Ariensis prepositus”, in 1174 the selection of the latter (“industria Philippi comitis ac potestate”) as bishop of Cambrai to succeed “Petrus Cameracensis electus frater Philippi comitis Flandrie”, and the succession “in episcopatu...Atrebatensi” of “Frumaldus arcidiaconus, ipso Roberto annitente[377].

 

 

1.         FRUMALD (-19 Apr [1194], bur Arras).  Fanien states that Bishop Frumald had been “archidiacre d´Ostrevent”, but he does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[378]Bishop of Arras 1174.  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records the selection in 1174 of “Robertus Attrebatensium electus” (“industria Philippi comitis ac potestate”) as bishop of Cambrai to succeed “Petrus Cameracensis electus frater Philippi comitis Flandrie”, and the succession “in episcopatu...Atrebatensi” of “Frumaldus arcidiaconus, ipso Roberto annitente[379]

 

 

1.         PIERRE (-[1203]).  Bishop of Arras 1194. 

 

 

1.         RAOUL de Neuville, son of --- (-1221).  Bishop of Arras .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1221 that, after the death of “Radulfum”, “apud Atrebatum Poncius” was made bishop[380]

 

 

1.         PONS (-[1221]).  Bishop of Arras 1221.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1221 that, after the death of “Radulfum”, “apud Atrebatum Poncius” was made bishop[381]

 

 

1.         RAOUL (-1231).  Bishop of Arras 1221.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1231 that, after the death of “episcopus Radulfus Attrebatensis”, “magister Aszo” was consecrated as bishop[382]

 

 

1.         AZZOBishop of Arras 1231.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1231 that, after the death of “episcopus Radulfus Attrebatensis”, “magister Aszo” was consecrated as bishop[383]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    BISHOPS of BEAUVAIS

 

 

 

1.         HILDEMANN (-8 Dec [845], bur Beauvais Saint-Lucien).  Monk at Corbie.  Bishop of Beauvais [821].  “...Hildemannus Belvacensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile at Germigny 24 Sep Sep/14 Oct 843[384]The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Lucien records the death “Id Dec” of “Hildemannus episcopus[385]

 

 

1.         HERMENFRED (-killed Beauvais 25 Jun 859).  Bishop of Beauvais [845/46].  ...Irminfredus...Bellovagensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held in Paris in [846/47][386].  Hincmar Archbishop of Reims records “...Yrminfrido Belvacensium episcopo...” as present at the concile held at Quierzy in early 849[387].  “...Hincmarus Remorum metropolitanus episcopus, Immo Noviomagi, Pardulus Lugduni, Rhothadus Suessionum, Hilmeradus Ambianorum, Erpoinus Silvanecti, Ermenfridus Belloacorum...” addressed “Nomenoio priori gentis Britannice” relating to the concile held in an unknown location [suggested as Anjou] in [Jul/Aug] 850[388]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “...Erminfrido Belvacense...[389].  “...Ermenfridus...Belloacensis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[390].  The record of the concile held at Verberie 27 Aug 853 names “...Yrminfridus Belvacensium...episcopi[391].  “...Hirminfridus...Belloacensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the document recording the concile held at Bonneuil in Aug 855[392].  “...Ermenfridus Belloacensis episcopus...” witnessed the document which records the concile held at Savonnières 14 Jun 859[393]The Annales Bertiniani record in 859 that “Ermenfridum Belvagorum” was killed by Vikings “in quadam villa[394].  The necrology of Beauvais records the death "VII Kal Jul" of "Hermenfredus qui dedit nobis Namboriacum[395]

 

 

1.         EUDES [I] (-28 Jan 881).  Abbot of Corbie, abdicated 860.  Bishop of Beauvais 861.  ...Odo...Belloacensium episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres 25 Jun 861[396].  “...Odo Bellovagorum episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 862[397].  “...Odonis episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie end-Oct 863[398].  “...Odo Bellovacensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 864[399].  “...Odo Belloacensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Soissons 18-25 Aug 866[400]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Bertulfo archiepiscopo Trevirensi” naming “Hincmarum Laudunensem episcopum, Hodonem Belvacensem et Iohannem Cameracensem[401]...Hodo Belgivagensis episcopus...” subscribed the document dated 2 Nov 867 which records the concile held at Troyes in Oct/Nov 867[402]A charter dated 3 Dec 868 records the examination of "Willeberti presbyteri qui futurus erat Catalaunensis episcopus" by “Hincmaro diœcesis Remensium archiepiscopo, item Hincmaro Laudunensium episcopo, Hodone Belgivacorum episcopo, cum legatis Hrothadi, Erpoini, Hilmeradi, Raginelmi et Johannis eiusdem diœcesis coepiscoporum”, and states that he had been elected by “Hincmaro archiepiscopo et eius coepiscopis[403].  “...Odo Belvacensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie Apr 869[404]. “...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[405].  “...Hodo Belgivagorum episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[406]Eudes Bishop of Beauvais died "V Kal Feb" in 880[407]

 

 

1.         HONORE [I] (-13 Feb [901/08]).  A letter from Hincmar records the dispute regarding the succession after the death of Eudes Bishop of Beauvais, the candidates being "Odoacrum...Frimoldum...reprobato Radulfo et a se electo Honorato"[408]Bishop of Beauvais [881].  “...Honoratus Belvacensis...” is among those recorded as present at the synod of Mainz in 888[409]A narrative of the excommunication pronounced against the murderers of Foulques Archbishop of Reims (dated to after 900) records the presence of “...Honoratus Belvacensium episcopus...[410]The necrology of Beauvais records the death "Id Feb" of Bishop Honoratus[411]

 

 

1.         HERLUIN (-921).  Bishop of Beauvais [901/08].  Louvet records the presence of Bishop Herluin at the council at Soissons in 909[412].  Flodoard records in 921 the death of "Erluinus Belvacensis episcopus"[413].  The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Lucien records the death "Id Jul" of Bishop Herluin[414]

 

 

1.         BOVO (-24 May [933]).  Monk at Beauvais Saint-Lucien.  Bishop of Beauvais [921]  The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Lucien records the death 24 May of “Bovo episcopus Bellovacensis” and his donation to Saint-Lucien of “ecclesiam S Iusti des Marests[415]

 

 

Louvet records that Bishop Hildegar was given as a hostage for the return of the future King Louis IV from England in 936 and concludes “ce qui fait présupposer que cet evesque estoit de grande maison et proche parent des Comtes de Paris et de Vermandois[416]

 

1.         HILDEGAR (-3 May [972]).  Bishop of Beauvais 933.  Flodoard records in 933 that Artaud Archbishop of Reims ordained “Hildegarium...episcopum urbis Belvacensis[417].  Louvet states Æthelstan King of Wessex refused to permit the return from England of Louis IV “d´Outremer” King of the West Franks (in 936), remembering the wrongs done to his father by the Comte de Vermandois, until Bishop Hildegar was given as hostage[418].  He does not cite the corresponding primary source, which has not yet been identified.  Dudo de Saint-Quentin records that “duosque episcopos Hildierum Belvacensem et Guidonem Suessionem et quamplurimos milites” were given to the Normans as hostages to secure the release of Louis IV King of the West Franks, dated to 945[419].  Flodoard records in 948 the presence at the synod of Ingelheim of "Wido episcopus Suessonicus, Hildegarius quoque Belvacensis, Rodulfus Laudunensis ceterique cuncti Remensis dioceseos episcopi"[420]Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “...Hildricus Belvacensis ecclesiæ episcopus...[421]Gallia Christiana states that the death of Bishop Herluin is recorded "V Non Mai" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[422]

 

 

1.         HERVE (-8 Apr [997]).  Bishop of Beauvais.  The exact date of his succession as bishop has not been ascertained.  "...Herennei Belvacensi episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 987 under which Hugues King of France issued orders at the request of “Mangaudus ex monasterio Corbeiæ[423]The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Pierre records the death “VI Id Apr” of “Herveus episcopus” and his donation to Saint-Pierre of “mansos duodecim in suburbio et duo molendina ad constructionem novi operis[424]

 

 

1.         HUGUES (-13 Apr ----).  Bishop of Beauvais [998].  Mabillon names Bishop Hugues among the subscribers of the donation to Saint-Valéry made by Bouchard Comte de Corbeil by charter dated 998[425].  The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Lucien records the death 13 Apr of “Hugo Belluacensis episcopus[426].   

 

 

1.         ROGER, son of --- (-24 Jun 1022).  Gallia Christiana notes that Bishop Roger is alleged to have been the son of "Odone comite Blesensi et Bertha filia Conradi Burgundiae", and that “patruum habuit Hugonem archiepiscopum Bituriecensem, avunculus ex sorore Elvisa Odolrici episcopi Aurelianensis”, but adds that "contra aiunt quidam, nulla exstare vetera instrumenta, quibus adstruatur stemma illud genealogicum"[427].  A charter dated 1028 of Robert II King of France, confirming donations to Notre-Dame de Colombes, names "Aurelianensium præsul Odolricus" and "iamdicti Odolrici præsulis avunculus Rogerius Belvacensis episcopus"[428].  "Rogerius notarius regis" wrote the charter dated 14 Jun [988] under which Hugues King of France confirmed the privileges of the abbey of Sainte-Colombe de Sens[429].  Chancellor of France.  "Rogerius Protocancellarius" subscribed the charter dated [996] under which Hugues King of France and his son Robert II King of France confirmed the foundation of the monastery of Bourgeuil[430].  The Vita Burchardi names "Rogerius Cancellarius" [of King Robert II] and adds that he was later appointed bishop "in urbe Belvacensi", in the context of a donation by the king to the abbey of Noisy-le-Sec[431].  Seigneur du château de Nogent-le-Roi.  Bishop of Beauvais [998].  “...Rogerus Belvacensium episcopus...” subscribed the charter dated to [1008] under which Robert II King of France confirmed donations to Saint-Denis[432]Comte de Beauvais 1015.  "Odonis…comitis" [Eudes II Comte de Blois] donated part of the county of Beauvais to "Rogerius sanctæ Belvacensis sedis…pontifex", recorded in the charter dated 1015 under which Robert II King of France confirmed the donation[433].  One of the continuators of Sigebert records that "Rogero episcopo" was given "comitatus Beluacensis" in 1015 and died in 1024, confirming that he had exchanged "castro Syncerrio in Bituricensi territorio sito" for the county of Beauvais (which is not mentioned in the 1015 charter)[434].  The later Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines also states that Comte Eudes granted Beauvais to the bishop and received in return the castle of Sancerre "sui patrimonii in dyocesi Bituricensi"[435].  The necrology of Beauvais records the death "VIII Kal Jul" of "Rotgerius presul" and his donations to the church of properties "in pago Normannico Alliacum et in Vermandensi Montiacum"[436].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica written in Beauvais records the death in 1024 of “in Gallia Beluacensi urbe...Rogerius...episcopus” who had donated “inter alia...æcclesiæ sancti Petri...Alliacum in Northmannia et Montiacum in Vermandensi patria”, adding that he had acquired “comitatum...eiusdem urbis” from “Odone Campaniensi comite” in exchange for “castro Syncerrio in Bituricensi territorio sito[437]

 

 

1.         WARIN (-4 Nov [1030]).  Bishop of Beauvais 1022.  The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Pierre records the death 4 Nov of “Garinus episcopus” and his donation to Saint-Pierre of “altare S. Stephani cum dimidio vicariæ Gadonis casati et ecclesiam Rivolii[438].  The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Lucien records Bishop Warin freed Saint-Lucien “ab advocatoria[439]

 

 

1.         DREUX (-1058).  Bishop of Beauvais [1030].  "...Drogonis episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 1047 which records donations to Soissons-Saint-Médard made by "Hugo", for the souls of “patris sui Rainoldi...et fratris sui...Alberti[440]

 

 

1.         GUILBERT (-4 Dec [1063]).  The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Pierre records the death “Pridie Non Dec” of “Guilbertus episcopus” and his donation to Saint-Pierre of “in Belvuacensi suburbio molendinum[441].

 

 

1.         GODEFROIGallia Christiana names the parents of Bishop Guy "patre Godefrido mater Mathilde illustre genere natus" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[442]m MATHILDE, daughter of --- (-1 May ----).  The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Quentin records the death 1 May of “Mathilde” mother of Bishop Guy[443].  Godefroi & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUY (-25 Mar [1084/85]).  Bishop of Beauvais [1064].  "Gervasius...Remorum archiepiscopus" founded "ecclesiam sancti Timothei" by charter dated 1064, subscribed by “...Elinandi Laudunensis episcopi, Adelardi Suessionensis episcopi, Flotlandi Silvanectensis episcopi, Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...[444].  “Gervasii Remorum archiepiscopi, Balduini Noviomensis episcopi, Widonis Ambianensis episcopi, Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1065, after 4 Aug, confirmed the restoration of property to Hasnon monastery by “Balduinus filius Balduini Philippi regis Francorum procuratoris et bajuli[445]The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica written in Beauvais records in 1067 that Beauvais was deprived of its bishop and “Guido decanus custosque æcclesiæ sancti Quintini Vermandensis et archidiaconus Laudenensis” succeeded[446]...Widonis Beloacensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 27 May 1067 under which Philippe I King of France, at the request of “Erchenbaldus...Burbunensis dominus atque Hunbaldus Huriacensis miles”, confirmed the donation of “in Bituricensi regione capella...juxta fluvium Lasmars” to Saint-Denis made by “miles...Johannes[447].  “...Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 2 Nov 1071 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the grant by Bouchard Comte de Corbeil of privileges to Corbeil Saint-Spire[448].  “...Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1075, after 23 May, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed privileges of Tournus Saint-Philibert Frollandus...pastor...et Odo...vivens episcopus, similiter Walterus eiusdem ecclesie archidiaconus”, at the request of “Odo Silvanectensis episcopus[449].  “...Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1084, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “Ansellus de Ribotmonte” to Ribemont Saint-Nicolas[450]The necrology of Beauvais Saint-Quentin records the death “VIII Kal Apr” of “dominus Guido Belvacensis episcopus qui huius ecclesie fundator extitit” and his donations[451]

 

 

1.         URSIO (-[1088/89]).  Bishop of Beauvais [1085].  Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to the church of Charroux by “Robertus...castri et terre Perronensis dominus et Emma uxor eius et eorum filius Odo et filia Adeliz” by charter dated 1085, witnessed by...Ursio Belvacensis episcopus...”, classified as spurious in the compilation[452]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         FOULQUES de Beauvais, son of LANCELIN [I] de Beauvais & his wife --- (-10 Sep 1095)Bishop of Beauvais 1089.  "Hugo...Suessionensis episcopus" confirmed the property of “monasterio S. Theobaldi juxta Basilicas sito” by charter dated 1093, subscribed by “...Fulconis Belvacensium episcopi...[453]The necrology of Beauvais records the death "IV Id Sep" of "Fulco episcopus" and his donations to the church[454].   

2.         PIERRE [I] de Beauvais (-1133).  Deacon of Beauvais 1103-1113.  Bishop of Beauvais 1114. 

 

 

1.         ROGER [II] .  Bishop of Beauvais

 

 

1.         ANSELMEBishop of Beauvais"Ansellus...Belvacensis episcopus" donated “altero de Molinero” to “ecclesiæ Cotiacensi” by charter dated 12 Nov 1097[455]

 

 

1.         WALO (-after 1103)Bishop of BeauvaisBishop of Paris 1103.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1103 that "Gualo Belvacensis episcopus" was transferred "ad episcopatum Parisienem" and succeeded by "Gaufridus…Belvacensis episcopus"[456]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY (-1113).  Monk at Paris Saint-Martin-des-Champs.  Bishop of Beauvais Mar 1105.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1103 that "Gualo Belvacensis episcopus" was transferred "ad episcopatum Parisienem" and succeeded by "Gaufridus…Belvacensis episcopus"[457].  col 719: necr Beauvais IV Non Dec Gaufridus episcopus.

 

 

 

1.         PIERRE (-1133).  Bishop of Beauvais"Petrus...Belvacensis episcopus" granted “præpositum...ecclesiæ beati Justi” to Beauvais Saint-Quentin by charter dated 1119[458].  "Petrus Belvacensis minister" issued a charter dated 1126 relating to the churches of Saint-Pierre and Saint-Quentin[459]

 

 

1.         EUDES [II]  (-1144).  Bishop of Beauvais 1133.  "Odo...Belvacensis episcopus" noted donations to Froidmont made by “domina Aelidis de Buglis et filii eius Lancelinus...et Manasses et eorum soror Beatrix” by charter dated 1134[460].  "Odo...Belvacensis episcopus" noted the donations made by “Gerardus...et Helias vicedomini de Gerboredo et domina Aelidis de Buglis et filii sui, et Petrus de Miliaco, et heredes eorum” to “monasterii beatæ Mariæ de Prato” by charter dated 1136[461]

 

 

1.         EUDES [III] .  Bishop of Beauvais 1144.  "Odo secundus...vocatus Belvacensis episcopus" confirmed the decisions of “prædecessores nostri Belvacenses episcopi domnus Gaufredus et domnus Petrus et domnus Odo” relating “canonicos...de ordine Præmonstratensi et de ecclesia sancti Judoci” by charter dated 4 May 1147[462]The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica written in Beauvais records in 1148 the death of “Odo Belvacensis episcopus secundus[463]

 

 

1.         ETIENNE de Garlande, son of GUILLAUME [I] Seigneur de Garlande & his wife Havoise --- (-14 Jan 1150).  Chancellor of France.  The Chronicon Mauriniacensi records the death of "Willelmo Anselli dapifero germano", adding that "Stephanus Cancellarius…frater amborum" was made "Major regiæ domus"[464].  Seneschal of France, named in charters dated 1120 to 1124[465]Bishop of Beauvais

 

 

 

1.         HENRI de France, son of LOUIS VI King of France & his wife Adélaïde de Maurienne [Savoie]  ([1121/23]-13 Nov 1175, bur Reims)His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[466].  He was tonsured in 1134.  Archdeacon of Orléans 1142.  He resigned from all his ecclesiastical posts 1146-47 to become a Cistercian monk at Clairvaux[467].  Elected Bishop of Beauvais 1148/49, consecrated 1150.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1161 of "Samson Remorum archiepiscopus”, the succession of “Henricus Belvacensis episcopus frater Ludowici regis Francorum”, and the succession as bishop of Beauvais of “Bartholomeus Remensis æcclesie archidiaconus[468].    Archbishop of Reims 1162.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1161 of "Samson Remorum archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Henricus Belvacensis episcopus frater Ludowici regis Francorum[469].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "Henricus frater Lodovici regis Francorum archiepiscopus Remensis"[470].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Id Nov" of "Henricus archiepiscopus Remorum frater regis Francorum"[471]

 

 

1.         BARTHELEMY de Montcornet, son of HUGUES de Montcornet & his wife Beatrix de Conflans .  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Bartholomeum Belvacensem episcopum et Nicholaum militem de Templo" as sons of "Hugone de Monte-cornet" & his wife Beatrix[472]Bishop of Beauvais 1161.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1161 of "Samson Remorum archiepiscopus”, the succession of “Henricus Belvacensis episcopus frater Ludowici regis Francorum”, and the succession as bishop of Beauvais of “Bartholomeus Remensis æcclesie archidiaconus[473].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the appointment in 1162 of "Bartholomaeus Remensis archidiaconus" as "Belvacensis episcopus"[474].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1162 that "Bartholomeus natus de Montcornet in Ardenna" succeeded Henri "in episcopatu Belvacensi"[475]

 

 

1.         PHILIPPE de Dreux, son of ROBERT [I] de Dreux [Capet] & his second wife Agnes de Baudemont Dame de Braine ([1158]-4 Nov 1217, bur Beauvais Cathedral).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election of "Philippus filius comitis Roberti de Brana, nepos Ludovici regis" as Bishop of Beauvais "per industriam patrui sui archiepiscopi Henrici Remensis"[476].  In a later passage, the same source names "duos episcopos Henricum Aurelianensem et Philippum Belvacensem" as sons of "comes Robertus" & his second wife[477].  William of Tyre names him son "comitis Roberti", when recording his arrival in Palestine in 1179[478].  He was elected Bishop of Beauvais 17 May 1176, consecrated at Reims 1180.  Robert of Torigny records that "Philippus filius comitis Roberti fratris regis Francorum" succeeded as bishop of Beauvais in 1177[479].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1217 of “episcopi Robertus Virdunensis, Philippus Belvacensis, Renaldus Carnotensis[480]

 

 

1.         MILON de Châtillon, son of GAUCHER de Châtillon Seigneur d´Autreches et de Nanteuil-la-Fosse & his wife Helvide de Nanteuil-la-Fosse (-Camerino 1234)Bishop of Beauvais 1217.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names “...Milo Belvacensis electus cum Andrea fratre suo...” among those who set out on crusade in 1219 and fought “ante Damietam”, and adds that “Iohannis de Arceis et Galtherus camerarius et Milo Belvacensis electus” were captured[481].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1230 that “Milo Belvacensis episcopus, innumeris obligatus debitis” went to the Pope who granted him “domnum ducatus Spoleti et marchie que dicitur Garneri[482].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1234 of “Milo Belvacensis episcopus apud Camerinam civitatem Italia” after which “Gaufridus” was elected bishop[483]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY, son of --- (-1236).  Bishop of Beauvais 1234.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1234 of “Milo Belvacensis episcopus apud Camerinam civitatem Italia” after which “Gaufridus” was elected bishop[484].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1236 of “episcopus Belvacensis” and the succession of “Robertus decanus[485]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Cressonsart, son of --- (-1248).  Bishop of Beauvais 1236.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1236 of “episcopus Belvacensis” and the succession of “Robertus decanus[486]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] de Grez, son of --- (-19 Feb 1267).  Bishop of Beauvais 1248. 

 

 

1.         RENAUD de Nanteuil, son of --- (-26 Sep 1283).  Bishop of Beauvais 1267. 

 

 

1.         THIBAUT de Nanteuil, son of --- (-9 Jan 1301).  Bishop of Beauvais 1283. 

 

 

1.         SIMON de Clermont, son of SIMON [II] de Clermont Seigneur de Nesles & his wife Adela de Montfort (-22 Dec 1302).  Bishop of Noyon 1297.  Bishop of Beauvais 1301. 

 

 

1.         JEAN de Marigny, son of --- (-1347).  Bishop of Beauvais 1313. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    BISHOPS of CAMBRAI

 

 

1.         THIERRY (-5 Aug 863).  Bishop of Cambrai [832].  ...Theodericus episcopus Cameracensis...” subscribed the record of the concile at Germigny 24 Sep Sep/14 Oct 843[487].  “...Theodericus...Cameracensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held in Paris in [846/47][488].  Hincmar Archbishop of Reims records “...Teuderico Cameracensium episcopo...” as present at the concile held at Quierzy in early 849[489]. Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “...Teoderico Cameracense episcopo...[490]...Theudericus Cameracensis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[491]

 

 

1.         HILDUIN, son of --- (-after 866)Bishop of Cambrai 863.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that "Hilduino" was elected Bishop of Cambrai[492] in 863, but that his candidature was not accepted and he was expelled in 866[493].  The Annales Bertiniani record that, during the dispute with Rome which followed the divorce of Lothaire II King of Lotharingia, "Guntharius...per Hilduinum fratrem suum clericum" wrote to Rome in 864 and that “suprascriptus...Hilduinus” forcibly entered St Peter´s “cum hominibus Guntharii”, killing one of the guards[494].  The Annales Bertiniani record in 866 that King Lothaire II removed “episcopium Coloniense” from “Hugone” and appointed "Hilduino fratri Guntharii", adding that Hilduin also governed “ecclesia Treverensis[495].   

 

 

1.         JEAN (-15 Aug [879]).  Bishop of Cambrai 866.  ...Iohannes Cameracensis episcopus...” subscribed the document dated 2 Nov 867 which records the concile held at Troyes in Oct/Nov 867[496]A charter dated 3 Dec 868 records the examination of "Willeberti presbyteri qui futurus erat Catalaunensis episcopus" by “Hincmaro diœcesis Remensium archiepiscopo, item Hincmaro Laudunensium episcopo, Hodone Belgivacorum episcopo, cum legatis Hrothadi, Erpoini, Hilmeradi, Raginelmi et Johannis eiusdem diœcesis coepiscoporum”, and states that he had been elected by “Hincmaro archiepiscopo et eius coepiscopis[497].  “...Ioannes Cameracensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie Apr 869[498].  “...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[499]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Bertulfo archiepiscopo Trevirensi” naming “Hincmarum Laudunensem episcopum, Hodonem Belvacensem et Iohannem Cameracensem[500]...Iohannes Cameracensis ecclesie episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[501]

 

 

1.         ROTARD [I] (-14 Oct 886, bur Saint-Aubert, transferred to Magdeburg).  Abbot of Dol.  Bishop of Cambrai 879.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Iohanni” succeeded “in episcopium Rotradus[502].  The Annales Vedastini record the death in 887 of “Hroderardus Camarcensium episcopus[503]

 

 

1.         DODILO (-[901]).  Abbot of Saint-Vaast [880].  Bishop of Cambrai 887.  The Annales Vedastini record the consecration “XVI Kal Apr” 888 of “Dodilo Camaracensium vel Atrebatensium ecclesiæ episcopus[504].  “...Dodilo Cameracensis...” is among those recorded as present at the synod of Mainz in 888[505]A narrative of the excommunication pronounced against the murderers of Foulques Archbishop of Reims records the presence of “...Dodilo Cameracensium episcopus...[506]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ names “Riculfo Suessorum episcopo, Dodilone Cameracensi, Otgario Ambianensi, Mantione Catalaunensi, Rodulfo Laudunensi, Otfrido Silvanectensi” as present at the ordination of Hérivée Archbishop of Reims (dated to 901)[507]

 

 

1.         ETIENNE  (-11 Feb 934).  Bishop of Cambrai .  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Stephanus...ex Alsatio pago natus” succeeded “Dodiloni” as bishop of Cambrai[508].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records the death “III Id Feb” 934 of “domnus Stephanus[509]

 

 

1.         FULBERT (-1 Jul 956).  Bishop of Cambrai 935.  Flodoard records in 933 that Artaud Archbishop of Reims ordained “Fulbertum urbi Cameracensi præsulem[510].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Fulbertus...ex pago Brabatensi de villa...Wiluva” [Woluwe] succeeded “domino Stephano” as bishop of Liège “faventis et suffragentis Gisleberti ducis obtentu[511].  Flodoard records in 956 that, after the death of “Fulbertus Camaracensis episcopus”, “Berengario Transrhenensi clerico...nepoti Bovonis Catalaunensis quondam episcopi” was ordained at Reims by Archbishop Artaud[512]

 

 

1.         BERENGAR, son of --- (-957, bur St Gereon)Bishop of Cambrai 956.  Flodoard records in 956 that, after the death of “Fulbertus Camaracensis episcopus”, “Berengario Transrhenensi clerico...nepoti Bovonis Catalaunensis quondam episcopi” was ordained at Reims by Archbishop Artaud[513].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that "Berengarius…ex nobili parentela Germaniæ ortus…et Ottonis imperatoris proxime consanguineus" succeeded Fulbert as Bishop of Cambrai[514].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that Berenger was buried “in basilica...sancti Gereonis[515].

 

 

1.         ENGUERRAND [I] (-12 Oct 960).  Monk at Corbie.  Bishop of Cambrai 956.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Engrannus ante Corbiensis cenobii sancti Petri monachus” succeeded Berenger as bishop of Liège “obtentu Brunonis prefati archipatris[516]

 

 

1.         ANSBERT (-[965], bur Saint-Aubert).  Monk at Saint-Vaast.  Archdeacon of Cambrai.  Bishop of Cambrai 960.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Ansbertus...Atrebatensis monasterii...monachus atque Cameracensis æcclesiæ archidiaconus...postmodum...sancti Vedasti...” succeeded “Engrannus episcopus[517].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records the death of “Ansbertus” after holding office for five years and his burial “in æcclesia...sancti...Autberti[518]

 

 

1.         WIBALD (-[966]).  Archdeacon of Noyon.  Bishop of Cambrai 965.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Wiboldus Noviomensis æcclesiæ archidiaconus” succeeded as bishop of Liège after the death of Ansbert[519]

 

 

1.         THEODO (-Köln 28 Aug 976, bur Köln St Severin).  Provost of Köln St Severin.  Bishop of Cambrai 972.  Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “...Theudo Cameracensis episcopus...[520]

 

 

1.         ROTARD [II] (-20 Sep [995]).  Bishop of Cambrai 976.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records the appointment of “Rothardo ex prosapia nobili orto” as bishop of Cambrai “obtentu Nocheri Leodecensium episcopi[521].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Rothardus episcopus” was buried “iuxta monasterium sanctæ Mariæ[522].

 

 

Two brothers, family origin not known.  The name Saher suggests a connection with the Quincy family, later earls of Winchester (see EARLS of WINCHESTER): Keats-Rohan suggests that Saher de Quincy, first known ancestor of that family and first recorded in England in the 1120s, may have derived his name from Cuinchy, Pas-de-Calais, on the border between the counties of Artois and Flanders[523]

 

1.         HERLUIN (-Cambrai 3 Feb 1012).  Archdeacon of Liège.  Bishop of Cambrai 996.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that “Erluinus...æcclesiæ Leodecensium archidiaconus” succeeded Rothard as bishop of Liège[524].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that, after the death of “Walterus castellanus”, “filio suo Waltero” invaded the territory of the bishopric of Cambrai, and Bishop Herluin died “III Non Feb” and was buried “in monasterio sanctæ Mariæ[525]

2.         SAHER (-after 1012).  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that, after the death of Bishop Herluin, “Seiherum fratrem” was sent to the emperor to protest about the invasion of episcopal territory by “Walterus [castellanus][526]

 

 

1.         GERARD [I] de Florennes, son of ARNAUD Seigneur de Florennes & his wife Ermentrude --- (-14 Mar 1050, bur Cambrai Notre-Dame)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Godefridum nobilem et Gerardum episcopum Cameracensem" as sons of "Arnullfum nobilem de Ruminiaceo…Alpaidis et Godefridi filius"[527].  The Miraculis Sancti Gengulfi names "Gerardus præfati Arnulfi filius" specifying that he was "Remensis ecclesiæ clericus"[528]Bishop of Cambrai 1012.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that Emperor Heinrich II appointed “Gerardo suo capellano. adhuc diacono, non infimis parentibus Lothariensium atque Karlensium edito” as bishop of Cambrai “apud Arvitam villam Saxoniæ Kal Feb”, adding that he had been educated by “Albero Remensium archiepiscopus, pro consanguinitate” and had “ex parte matris in ipsa terra [=Cambrai]...hereditario iuris[529].  The Vita Balderici names "Cameracensis ecclesie antistes Gerardus…fratre suo opitulante Godefridus"[530].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" took into his protection the abbey of Florennes founded by "Gerardus…in primis meus capellanus postea…Cameracensis episcopus effectus et fratres sui Godefridus et Arnulphus" by charter dated 1018, which refers to donations of property by "comitissa Hawidis, annuentibus filiis suis comite Raginero et Lamberto"[531].  “Leduinus abbas monasterii beati Vedasti...cum domno Gerardo ecclesiæ Cameracensis et Attrebatensis episcopo, cum Letberto archidiacono nepote eius, cum advocatis etiam Roberto Fasciculo et Helgoto, Albrico...castellano” confirmed property of Saint-Vaast by charter dated 1036[532].  The Chronicon S. Andreæ records the death “II Id Mar” 1050 of “domnus episcopus Gerardus” and his burial “in media ecclesia sanctæ Mariæ[533]

The charter quoted below records that Bishop Lietbert was “nepos” of Bishop Gerard.  If the term was used to mean nephew, one of Lietbert’s parents was Gerard’s sibling.  Neither of the names Lietbert or Osburga feature in the Florennes/Rumigny family, which suggests that the family relationship between the two bishops may have been more distant. 

2.         [LIETBERT (-28 Jan ----).  The necrology of Cambrai Notre-Dame recordes the death “V Kal Feb” of “Lietbertus pater Lietberti episcopi[534].]  m OSBURGA, daughter of --- (-6 Sep ----).  The necrology of Cambrai Notre-Dame recordes the death “VIII Id Sep” of “Osburgis mater Lietberti episcopi[535].  Lietbert & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         LIETBERT [I] (-23 Jun 1076, bur Cambrai St Sepulchre).  “Leduinus abbas monasterii beati Vedasti...cum domno Gerardo ecclesiæ Cameracensis et Attrebatensis episcopo, cum Letberto archidiacono nepote eius, cum advocatis etiam Roberto Fasciculo et Helgoto, Albrico...castellano” confirmed property of Saint-Vaast by charter dated 1036[536]Bishop of Cambrai 1050.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records that “domnus Lietbertus...ex Brachatensi patria [Brakele, Aalst] nobili ortus prosapia” succeeded “Gerardo pontifici” as bishop of Cambrai[537]...episcopis Heidone Suessionensi, Rogero Catalaunensi, Elinando Laudunensi, Balduino Noviomensi, Frollando Silvanectensi, Letberto Cameracensi, Guidone Ambianensi...” are named as present at the consecration of Philippe I King of France dated 22 May 1059[538]The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1076 of "Lietbertus episcopus Cameracensis” and the succession of “Gerardus[539].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records the death “in vigilia sancti Iohannis baptistæ” of Bishop Lietbert and his burial “in sancti Sepulchri æcclesia[540]

b)         [--- .]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          GERARD [II] (-31 Jul 1092, bur Cambrai Notre-Dame).  From Aalst.  Provost of Saint-Vaast.  Bishop of Cambrai 1076.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “secundus Gerardus...post avunculum suum Lietbertum” as bishop of Cambrai[541].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1076 of "Lietbertus episcopus Cameracensis” and the succession of “Gerardus[542]...Gerardi Camer[acensis] episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1084, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “Ansellus de Ribotmonte” to Ribemont Saint-Nicolas[543]. Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to the church of Charroux by “Robertus...castri et terre Perronensis dominus et Emma uxor eius et eorum filius Odo et filia Adeliz” by charter dated 1085, witnessed by...G. Cameracensis episcopus...”, classified as spurious in the compilation[544]The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1092 of "Gerardus episcopus Cameracensis” and the succession of “Gualcherus[545].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records the death “pridie Kal Aug” of Gerard bishop of Cambrai and his burial “in medio æcclesiæ matris Domini[546].

 

 

1.         GAUCHER (-after 1095).  Bishop of Cambrai 1093.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records that, after the separation of the bishopric of Arras, the church of Cambrai chose “domnum Walcherum archidiaconum suum[547].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1092 of "Gerardus episcopus Cameracensis” and the succession of “Gualcherus[548].  Another Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) expands the narrative, including the decision against Gaucher[549]Excommunicated 1095 by Pope Urban II, confirmed 1099 by Pope Paschal II.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1095 the succession, after "expulso ab episcopatu Cameracensi Walchero”, of “Manasses[550]

 

 

1.         MANASSES de Soissons, son of GUILLAUME d´Eu Comte de Soissons & his wife Adela Ctss de Soissons (-1 Mar 1108).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Rainaldum comitem Suessonis et Iohannem…et Manassem Suessionensem episcopum et filias" as children of "comes Suessionis Guilermus"[551]Canon at Soissons.  Bishop of Cambrai 1095.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records the disputes which arose following the death of Gerard Bishop of Cambrai, when the town of Cambrai chose “Francigenam...Manassen” whereupon the canons appointed “prepositum...Mascelinum” (and later “domnum Walcherum archidiaconum suum”, see above), while the inhabitants of Arras appointed “episcopum...Lambertum[552].  Another Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) provides a second version of events, including the intervention of “Manasses Remensium archiepiscopus, electi Manassæ avunculus[553].  The Chronicon S. Andreæ records the council of Auvergne held by Pope Urban II in 1095 which decided in favour of Manassès[554].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1095 the succession, after "expulso ab episcopatu Cameracensi Walchero”, of “Manasses[555].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1105, after "Manasse Cameracensi episcopo accepto monachico habitu”, the succession of “Odo primus abbas ex cœnobio sancti Martini Tornacensis æcclesiæ[556]Bishop of Soissons 1103.  The Gesta Galcheri Episcopi Cameracensis records that the Pope installed Manassès as bishop of Soissons after he left Cambrai[557].  The necrology of Soissons Saint-Jean records the death “Kal Mar” of “Manasses episcopus” and his donation of “altare de Bonnis, de Lostro...[558]

 

 

1.         EUDES (-Anchin 19 Jun 1113, bur Anchin).  Abbot of Tours Saint-Martin.  Bishop of Cambrai 1105.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records the election of “domnus Odo Sancti Martini Tornacensis abbas” as bishop of Cambrai[559].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1105, after "Manasse Cameracensi episcopo accepto monachico habitu”, the succession of “Odo primus abbas ex cœnobio sancti Martini Tornacensis æcclesiæ[560].  The Chronicon S. Andreæ records the death “monasterium Aquicinense” of “domnus...Od Cameracensis episcopus” and his burial “in medio ecclesiæ[561].  The Annales Aquicinctini record the death in 1113 of "Odo Cameracensis episcopus" and his burial "in medio basilicæ nostræ"[562]

 

 

1.         BURCHARD (-3 Jan 1131, bur Cambrai Notre-Dame).  Bishop of Cambrai 1115.  The Chronicon S. Andreæ records the succession of “Burchardum” after the death of Bishop Eudes[563].  The Chronicon S. Andreæ records the death “pridie Non Jan” of “domnus episcopus Burchardus” after 16 years in office and his burial “in monasterio sanctæ Mariæ[564].  The Annales Aquicinctini record the death in 1129 of "Burcardus episcopus Cameracensis"[565].  The Annales Cameracenses record the death "III Non Jan" in 1130 of "Burgardus episcopus Cameracensis" after which there was "non modica controversia de episcopatu"[566]

 

 

1.         HERMANN (-[1133/34]).  Bishop of Cambrai 1131.  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the succession in 1127 of “Herimannus” as bishop of Cambrai after the death of “Burchardum”, but that after “triennium extruso, Lietardus” succeeded him[567].

 

 

1.         LIETARD [II] .  Bishop of Cambrai [1133/34].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the succession in 1127 of “Herimannus” as bishop of Cambrai after the death of “Burchardum”, but that after “triennium extruso, Lietardus” succeeded him until he was deposed four years later[568].  The Annales Cameracenses record that "domnus Letardus episcopus" was suspended by "Rainaldo archiepiscopo" in 1135[569].  Deposed [1137]. 

 

 

1.         NICOLAS [I] de Mons, son of GOSSUIN [II] de Mons & his wife Ida de Ath (-1167).  “Isaac” donated serfs to Saint-Ghislain, for the souls of “mon père Gossuin de Mons et...de ma mère Ide”, with the consent of “mes frères Nicolas et Gossuin et ma sœur Ermengarde avec son mari Gautier”, by charter dated 1135[570]According to Europäische Stammtafeln, he was "nepos of Alexander v Ouren bishop of Liège"[571].  The primary source on which this statement is based has not yet been identified, and the precise relationship not yet traced.  Bishop of Cambrai 1137.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1166 of "domnus Nicholaus Cameracensis episcopus” and the succession of “Petrus filius Theoderici Flandrensium comitis[572].  The Annales Cameracenses record the election "in pascha Domini" of "domnus Nicolaus prepositus infra ordines et sine assensu civium" in the presence of Emperor Lothar in 1136 and his consecration "XII Kal Jan" at Reims[573]

 

 

1.         PIERRE [II] de Flandre, son of THIERRY Count of Flanders & his wife Sibylle d´Anjou (-1176 before Aug).  The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names (in order) "Philippum, Matheum, Petrum et tres filias" as the children of "Theodericus filius ducis Alsatie [et] Sibillam", specifying in another manuscript that Pierre was "preposituram Brugensem et Audomarensem"[574].  Provost at Bruges and Saint-Omer.  The Flandria Generosa specifies that "tertius frater Petrus…cum esset clericus et electus Cameracensis" but resigned the appointment and married "comitissam de Nevers"[575].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines also records that election of "Petrus frater comitis Flandrie Philippi et comitis Mathei Boloniensis" as Bishop of Cambrai and his resignation, followed by his marriage to "comitissam Nivernensem"[576]Bishop of Cambrai 1167.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records the death in 1166 of "domnus Nicholaus Cameracensis episcopus” and the succession of “Petrus filius Theoderici Flandrensium comitis[577].  He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments in 1173 after the death of his older brother Mathieu[578]Comte de Nevers 1175 in right of his wife.  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1177 of "Petrus frater Philippi comitis Flandrensium", noting that he had been elected to the episcopate of Cambrai but left the spiritual life[579].

 

 

1.         ROBERT [I] (-murdered Condé 1174).  Provost of Aire and Saint-Audomer.  Thesaurarius of Tours.  Bishop of Cambrai 1170.  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records the selection in 1174 of “Robertus Attrebatensium electus” (“industria Philippi comitis ac potestate”) as bishop of Cambrai to succeed “Petrus Cameracensis electus frater Philippi comitis Flandrie”, and the succession “in episcopatu...Atrebatensi” of “Frumaldus arcidiaconus, ipso Roberto annitente[580].  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1174 that “Robertus Cameracensium electus” was killed “apud Condatum” by “servientibus Iacobi de Avesnis[581].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record in 1174 that "Robertus de Area præpositus et Cameracensis electus" was killed "V Id Oct feria sexta"[582].  Ralph de Diceto´s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1174 that “Robertus Cameracensis electus” was killed[583]

 

 

1.         ALARD (-1177).  Bishop of Cambrai 1174.  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1174 that “Robertus Cameracensium electus” was killed “apud Condatum” by “servientibus Iacobi de Avesnis”, and the election of “duo Cameracenses archidiaconi...Rogerus...et Alardus” to the bishopric, with Roger persuaded to abdicate by “Philippo comite Flandrorum[584].  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1177 the death of “Alardus Cameracensis episcopus” and his burial “Valcellis[585].

 

 

1.         PIERRE d'Oisy, son of SIMON d'Oisy Châtelain de Cambrai & his wife Ade de la Ferté-Ancoul-sous-Jouarre (-[1177/79]).  "Simon vicecomes Meldensis…etiam Ada vicecomitissa" donated property to "Radoliensis" monastery, for the soul of "filii nostri Gilonis", with the consent of "filii nostri Hugo et Petrus et filia nostra Heldealdis", by charter dated to [1164][586].  "Simon Firmitatis Ansculfi vicecomes et uxor mea Ada" donated property to "Radoliensis" monastery, with the support of "filiis et filiabus meis Hugone et Petro, necnon Heldiarde et Mathilde", by charter dated to [1165][587].  Archdeacon 1169.  "Symon...dominus de Oisi filiusque meus Hugo" donated property to Ourscamp Notre-Dame, with the consent of “ceteri liberi mei Petrus...archidiaconus Cameracensis et Heldegardis et Mathildis, uxorque mea Ada, conjux que filii mei...Gertrudis”, by charter dated 1169[588].  "Ada Meldensium vicecomitissa" made her testament, for the souls of "mariti mei, Gilonis filii mei", with the consent of "filius meus Hugo Cameracensis castellanus…Petrus Cameracensis archidiaconus filius meus, Andreas de Firmitate Gaucheri et Heldiardis uxor sua filia mea", by charter dated to [1171][589].  Elected Bishop of Cambrai 1177. 

 

 

1.         ROGER de Wavrin, son of ROGER [III] de Wavrin & his [first wife Mathilde ---] (-Acre 1191).  Archdeacon of Cambrai.  Bishop of Cambrai 1179.  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1178 the appointment of “Rogerus Cameracensis archidiaconus” as bishop of Cambrai[590]

2.         sister .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         JEAN [II] (-[1196]).  Fanien states that Jean was “le neveu de Roger évêque de Cambrai du côté de sa mère”, but he does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[591].  Archdeacon of Cambrai.  Archdeacon of Artois.  Bishop of Cambrai 1192.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1193 that "Guilelmus Remensis archiepiscopus" consecrated “Iohannem” as bishop of Cambrai, adding that “de hoc Iohanne dicitur quod virgo decesserit[592]

 

 

1.         NICOLAS [II] de Rœulx, son of EUSTACHE [I] Seigneur de Rœulx & his wife Marie de Morlanwelz (-1197).  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Nicholaum…primum et Eustacium secundum" as sons of "Eustacium de Ruez…Senior" & his wife[593].  "Eustachius de Ruez" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Bonne-Espérance by "domina Ada soror mea, Nivellensis abbatissa" after her death, with the consent of "filii…mei Nicholaus, Eustachius, Ada filia mea", by charter dated 1176[594].  Provost at Nivelles 1176.  "Eustachius de Ruez" donated part of "allodiorum de Goegnies" acquired from "Clementia filia Hiberti de Lambursart" to the abbey of Alne, with the consent of "Nicholao filio meo Nivellensi preposito cum nepote meo Eustachio", by charter dated 1189[595].  Canon at Soignies.  Decant and archdeacon at Cambrai Cathedral.  Bishop of Cambrai 1196.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election of "Nicholaus de Ruez, patruus Eustachii" as Bishop of Cambrai in 1196[596].

 

 

1.         HUGUES (-1199).  Provost of Douai.  Bishop of Cambrai 1197.

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Corbeil, son of --- (-Sens 1222)Bishop of Cambrai 1199.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1200 that "Octavianus Hostiensis et Velletrensis episcopus cardinalis apostolice sedis legate" appointed “magistrum Petrum de Corbuilh episcopum in Cameraco”, but that he was not able to remain there (“non potuit ibi permanere”) and went to the Pope who appointed him as archbishop of Sens[597]Archbishop of Sens 1200. 

 

 

1.         JEAN [III] de Béthune, son of ROBERT [V] “le Roux” Seigneur de Béthune & his wife Adelaide --- (-24 Jul 1219).  “Robertus de Betuna advocatus Atrebati” donated “terram meam de Messewalla”, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Roberti, Willielmi, Balduini, Johannis, Cononi", to Faversham Abbey, Kent by undated charter, dated to the reign of Henry II King of England[598].  "Robertus de Betunia…Atrebatensis advocatus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Choques, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Roberti…Willermi, Baldevini, Cononis", for the souls of "patris et matris et uxoris meæ, et sororis meæ, et filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1182[599].  "Robertus de Bethunia Atrebatensis advocatus" donated property to the church at Béthune by undated charter, dated to [1190], witnessed by "filiorum meorum Roberti, Willelmi, Balduini, Johannis, Cononis"[600].  Provost of Douai.  Bishop of Cambrai 1200.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1200 that "Iohannes de Bethunia" succeeded “magistrum Petrum de Corbuilh” as bishop of Cambrai[601].  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d´Angleterre records that "Jehans…fils Robert d´avoé de Biethune et freres l´avoé Guillaume" was bishop of Cambrai at the end of the 12th century[602].  The necrology of Cambrai records the death “IX Kal Aug” of “Iohannes de Bethunia...Cameracensis episcopus[603]

 

 

1.         GODEFROI de Condé, son of ROGER Seigneur de Condé & his first wife Alix de Mons (-1238).  “Rogerius in parte dominus de Condato” donated dîmes from property, previously received by "duobus filiis meis clericis Godefrido et Gualtero…quoad vixerint", to the church of Condé, with the consent of "Nicolai filii mei", by charter dated to [1200] witnessed by "Nicolaus de Condato et Gerardus frater eius…"[604]Bishop of Cambrai 1219.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that at Reims “dominica ante cineres” 1220 three bishops were consecrated “Iacobus Suessionensis, Godefridus Cameracensis et Galtherus Tornacensis[605].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1238 of “Cameracensis episcopus Godefridus” and the succession of “magister Ginardus cancellarius Parisiensis” who was replaced by “novus cancellarius...magister Odo de Castro Radulfi[606]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] (-[1238]).  Bishop of Cambrai .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1238 of “Cameracensis episcopus Godefridus” and the succession of “magister Ginardus cancellarius Parisiensis” who was replaced by “novus cancellarius...magister Odo de Castro Radulfi[607]

 

 

1.         GAUTHIER de Fontaines .  Nicolas Bishop of Cambrai named an arbitrator to settle a dispute with the countess of Flanders concerning la vente de la forêt de Gimy, faite par Wautier de Fontaines père de l’évêque de Cambray” by charter dated 1250[608]

a)         NICOLAS [II] de Fontaines (-1272).  Archdeacon of Valence.  Bishop of Cambrai 1243.

 

 

1.         GUY de Laon, son of --- (-1242).  Bishop of Cambrai 1238.  

 

 

1.         ENGUERRAND [II] de Crequy, son of PHILIPPE Seigneur de Créquy & his wife --- de Piquigny (-1292)The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names “quarti...Engelramus” as the son of “Philippus...de Creki” and his wife, adding that he was “clericus et episcopus Cameracensis[609]Bishop of Cambrai 1272. 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] de Hainaut, son of JEAN d´Avesnes Comte de Hainaut & his wife Aleidis of Holland ([1254]-1296)Bishop of Cambrai 1286. 

 

 

1.         GUY [II] de Colmieu, son of --- (-1306).  Bishop of Cambrai 1300.

 

 

1.         PHILIPPE de Marigny, son of --- (-1316)Bishop of Cambrai 1306.  Archbishop of Sens 1309. 

 

 

 

1.         PIERRE [IV] de Lévis-Mirepoix, son of GUY [III] de Lévis Maréchal de Mirepoix Seigneur de Lévis & his wife Isabelle de Marly (-1334)Seigneur de Villeneuve, de la Grenade et d´Adjoares.  Bishop of Maguelone 1306.  Bishop of Cambrai 1309.  Bishop of Bayeux 1324. 

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         GUY d´Auvergne, son of ROBERT [V] Comte d´Auvergne & his wife Eléonore de Baffie (-1336, before 17 Jul).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, makes bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ"[610]Bishop of Tournai 1301.  Bishop of Cambrai 1324. 

2.         MATHILDE d´Auvergnem AMEDEE [III] Comte de Genève.  Children: 

a)         ROBERT de Genève (1342-Avignon 16 Sep 1394)The testament of "domini Guidonis episcopi Portuensis et sanctæ Ruffinæ...Cardinalis", dated 25 Dec 1372, makes bequests to "Matildim de Bolonia comitissam Gebennensem sororem meam...Petrum eius filium nepotem meum...masculum primogenitum...domino Roberto de Gebennis...nepote meo..."[611]Bishop of Thérouanne 1361.  Bishop of Cambrai 1368.  Provost of St Cassius, Bonn 1371.  Cardinal 1371.  "Dominus Robertus de Gebennis…Romane ecclesie cardinalis, et…domina Mathildis de Bolonia eius genitrix, comitissa, et Petrus eius filius comes Gebennensis, consors et nati bone memorie…Amedei quondam comitis Gebennensis" executed the testament of Comte Amedée [III] 5 Dec 1371[612].  He was elected anti-Pope CLEMENT VII in 1378.  Seigneur de Cruseilles.  Comte de Genève 1392. 

 

 

1.         GUY [IV] de Ventadour, son of EBLES Vicomte de Ventadour & his wife Marguerite de Beaujeu (-1349).  Bishop of Cambrai 1342.

 

 

1.         PIERRE d´André, son of ---(-13 Sep 1368).  From Clermont-en-Auvergne.  Bishop of Noyon.  Bishop of Cambrai 1350.

 

 

1.         GERARD d´Artois, son of --- (-18 Jun 1378).  Bishop of Artois.  Bishop of Maurienne.  Bishop of Cambrai 1372.

 

 

1.         JAN [IV] Tserclaes, son of --- (-12 Jan 1388).  Bishop of Cambrai 1378. 

 

 

1.         ANDRE de Luxembourg, son of GUY de Luxembourg Comte de Ligny & his wife Mathilde de Châtillon Ctss de Saint-Pol (-1396, bur Cambrai Cathedral).  Archdeacon at Dreux 1387/90.  Bishop of Cambrai 1390.

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    BISHOPS of CHÂLONS

 

 

1.         THIATGRIMm LIASBURG, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the Annalista Saxo which records in 781 that “rex Karolus” came to Saxony and established eight bishoprics “Bremensem, Halberstadensem, Hildinisheimensem, Verdensem, Paderbrunnensem, Mindensem, Monasteriensem, Asenburggensem”, and installed “sanctum Hildegrimum Catalauensem episcopum...patre Thiatgrimo, matre...Lisaburga” as first bishop of Halberstadt[613].  Thiatgrim & his wife had three children: 

a)         LIUDGER (-after 809).  Bishop of Münster.  The Annalista Saxo records in 781 that “rex Karolus” came to Saxony and established eight bishoprics “Bremensem, Halberstadensem, Hildinisheimensem, Verdensem, Paderbrunnensem, Mindensem, Monasteriensem, Asenburggensem”, and installed “sanctum Hildegrimum Catalauensem episcopum...fratrem...sancti Liuderi” as first bishop of Münster[614].  The Annalista Saxo records the death in 809 of “sanctus Liuderus” who had converted “genti Saxonum cum fratre suo Hildegrimo Halberstadensi episcopo[615]

b)         HILDEGRIMBishop of Châlons .  The Annalista Saxo records in 781 that “rex Karolus” came to Saxony and established eight bishoprics “Bremensem, Halberstadensem, Hildinisheimensem, Verdensem, Paderbrunnensem, Mindensem, Monasteriensem, Asenburggensem”, with the help of “sanctum Hildegrimum Catalauensem episcopum...patre Thiatgrimo, matre...Lisaburga” who later became first bishop of Halberstadt[616].  Bishop of Halberstadt.  The Annalista Saxo records that “inperator Karolus” confirmed the boundaries of the “parish” of “sancto Hildegrimo Halberstadensi primo episcopo” at “Aquis palatio...Id Mai” 803[617].  The Annalista Saxo records the death “XIII Kal Jul” in 827 of “sanctus Hildegrimus primus Halberstadensis episcopus” 47 years after his ordination[618]

c)         --- .  m ---.  Three children: 

i)          GERFRID .  Bishop of Münster. 

ii)         THIATGRIM .  Bishop of Halberstadt.  The Annalista Saxo records that “Thiatgrimus nepos eorundem episcoporum Liuderi et Hildegrimi” was appointed bishop of Halberstadt in 827 by Emperor Louis I in succession to “sanctus Hildegrimus primus Halberstadensis episcopus[619]

iii)        THEOTMAR .  Abbot of Monte Cassino. 

 

 

1.         ADELELM (-[835/37]).  Bishop of Châlons .  The convocation by Emperor Louis I, dated Dec 828, for the council of Paris (held 6 Jun 829) was addressed to “...Adalelmi episcopi...” and signed by “...Adelelmus episcopus...[620]

 

 

1.         LOUP [II] (-after 875).  Bishop of Châlons [837].  The manuscript written by clerics at Reims, which describes the deposition and eventual restoration of “Ebbo...episcopus”, records that “VIII Id Dec” [840] he was received by “Episcopis suffrageneis suis Rothado Episcopo, Simeone Episcopo, Lupo Episcopo, Erpuino Episcopo[621]...Lupus Catalaunensis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile at Germigny 24 Sep Sep/14 Oct 843[622].  “...Lupus Catholanensis episcopus” subscribed the record of the concile in the province of Sens dated to [843/45][623].  “Episcoporum...Wenilonis, Erchanradi, Ymmonis, Rothadi, Symeonis, Lupi, Ragenarii, Heliæ, Erpoini, Aii, Hincmari presbyteri et vocati archiepiscopi” are recorded as present at the concile at Beauvais in Apr 845[624].  Hincmar Archbishop of Reims records “...Lupo Catalaunensium episcopo...” as present at the concile held at Quierzy in early 849[625]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “...Lupo Cathalaunense...[626].  “...Lupus Catalaunensis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[627].

 

 

1.         ERCHENRAD (-867).  Bishop of Châlons 857.  ...Erchenraus Catalaunensis episcopus...” witnessed the document which records the concile held at Savonnières 14 Jun 859[628].  “...Erchanraus Catalaunensium episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Tusey 22 Oct/7 Nov 860[629].  “...Erchenraus...Catalaunensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres 25 Jun 861[630]Hincmar names “...Erkenraus episcopus Catalaunensis...” as one of the bishops present when Lothaire II King of Lotharingia accepted the return of his wife Teutberga in 865[631]...Archenrausi episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie end-Oct 863[632].  “...Erchenraus...Catalaunensis ecclesiæ...episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 864[633].  “...Archanraus Catalaunensium episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Soissons 18-25 Aug 866[634].  “...Ercanraus Catalaunensis episcopus...” subscribed the document dated 2 Nov 867 which records the concile held at Troyes in Oct/Nov 867[635]

 

 

1.         WILLIBERT (-10 Jan 878).  Bishop of Châlons 868.  [...Guiliborus Catalaunorum episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 862[636], his name presumably representing a later addition.]  A charter dated 3 Dec 868 records the examination of "Willeberti presbyteri qui futurus erat Catalaunensis episcopus" by “Hincmaro diœcesis Remensium archiepiscopo, item Hincmaro Laudunensium episcopo, Hodone Belgivacorum episcopo, cum legatis Hrothadi, Erpoini, Hilmeradi, Raginelmi et Johannis eiusdem diœcesis coepiscoporum”, and states that he had been elected by “Hincmaro archiepiscopo et eius coepiscopis[637]A charter dated 3 Dec 868 records the examination of "Willeberti presbyteri qui futurus erat Catalaunensis episcopus" by “Hincmaro diœcesis Remensium archiepiscopo, item Hincmaro Laudunensium episcopo, Hodone Belgivacorum episcopo, cum legatis Hrothadi, Erpoini, Hilmeradi, Raginelmi et Johannis eiusdem diœcesis coepiscoporum”, and states that he had been elected by “Hincmaro archiepiscopo et eius coepiscopis[638].  “...Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie Apr 869[639].  “...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[640].  “...Willebertus Catalaunorum episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[641]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Willebertum Catalaunensem episcopum” concerning the ordination of “Arnoldi Tullensis episcopi[642].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Guileberto Catalaunensi” concerning “Gangulfo comite[643].  The necrology of Châlons-sur-Marne records the death “IV Id Jan” of “Willebertus episcopus[644]

 

 

1.         BERNOBishop of Châlons 878.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Bernoni Catalaunensi” concerning “Noviomagensis ecclesie missis...post obitum Rainelini episcopi[645]

 

 

1.         RODOALD (-885).  Bishop of Châlons .  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that “Haidericus...comes” requested “Rodoardum episcopum ecclesie Catalaunice” for permission to restore a church[646]

 

 

1.         MANCIO (-[908]).  Bishop of Châlons [893].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that “Mantionem” was ordained as bishop of Châlons[647].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote “pro ordinatione Mantionis Catalaunensis episcopi[648]A narrative of the excommunication pronounced against the murderers of Foulques Archbishop of Reims records the presence of “...Mancio Catalaunensium episcopus...[649]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ names “Riculfo Suessorum episcopo, Dodilone Cameracensi, Otgario Ambianensi, Mantione Catalaunensi, Rodulfo Laudunensi, Otfrido Silvanectensi” as present at the ordination of Hérivée Archbishop of Reims (dated to 901)[650].  The necrology of Châlons-sur-Marne records the death “III Non Feb” of Bishop Mancio[651]

 

 

1.         LETOLD (-[917]).  Bishop of ChâlonsGallia Christiana states that Letold subscribed “concilio Trosleiano” in 909 but does not cite the corresponding primary source[652]

 

 

[Four] siblings.  They may have been of Danish origin and based in Frisia, if the speculation about the origin of Reginlind, wife of Theoderich, is correct, as she is referred to as "Danorum Fresonumque germine procreatam" (see below). 

 

1.         BOVO [II] (-947).  Bishop of Châlons [917].  The charter of "Karolus…rex" dated "917 VII Kal Aug" refers to "nostra uxor Frideruna…frater eius Bovo Catalannensis Antistes Ecclesiæ"[653].  Flodoard records in 931 that “[Rodulfus] rex” captured “Bovonem...Catalaunensem episcopum”, who had deserted to “Heriberto”, and granted “episcopatum ipsius” to “Miloni clerico[654].  Flodoard records in 932 that “Rodulfus rex” was reconciled with “Bovonem episcopum” and returned “Catalaunense...episcopium” to him[655].  Flodoard records in 947 the death of “Bovo Catalaunensis episcopus” and the election by “sibi Catalaunenses” of “nobilem adolescentem clericum...Gibuinum[656]

2.         [REGINLIND (-11 May ----).  The wife of Theoderich is named "Reinhildam, Danorum Fresonumque germine procreatam" in the Vita Mathildis Reginæ[657].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[658], she was Reinhild, daughter of Gotfrid the Dane & his wife Gisela [Carolingian], which is presumably a guess based on this description in the Vita Mathildis.  However, the chronology for this hypothesis is not ideal.  Regino records the marriage in 882 of "Gisla filia Hlotharii" and "rex Godofridus Nordmannorum"[659].  If this couple's daughter was the mother of Queen Mathilde, the latter's estimated birth date would need to be pushed forward by several years, which makes the chronology for her known descendants tight.  Another possibility is that Regenhild was an otherwise unrecorded sister of Bovo Bishop of Chalons.  This hypothesis would explain (1) the name Frederuna being transmitted to Reginlind's daughter, and (2) Berenger Bishop of Cambrai, recorded elsewhere as nepos of Queen Frederuna, being described as "…Ottonis imperatoris proxime consanguineus" in the Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium[660].  If this is correct, the reference to Reginlind being "Danorum Fresonumque germine procreatam" has not been explained.  m ([900]) THEODERICH, son of --- & his wife Mathilde --- (-8 Feb 917).] 

3.         FREDERUNA (-10 Feb 917, bur Reims, église abbatiale de Saint-Rémi).  The charter of "Karolus…rex" dated "907 XIII Kal Mai" refers to "quondam nobili prosapia puellam…Frederunam" who had recently become his wife[661].  The charter of "Karolus…rex" dated "917 VII Kal Aug" refers to "nostra uxor Frideruna…frater eius Bovo Catalannensis Antistes Ecclesiæ"[662].  Nothing definite is known about the origins of Bovo, although Flodoard refers to "Berengario Transrhenensi clerico" as "nepoti Bovonis Catalaunensis quondam episcopi" when recording his appointment as Bishop of Cambrai in 956[663].  McKitterick assumes that Frederuna was of Lotharingian origin[664].  Settipani speculates that Queen Frederuna was probably a close relation of Mathilde, second wife of Heinrich I King of Germany[665].  This could be explained if Mathilde's mother, Reginlind, was Frederuna's sister, as hypothesised above.  The charter of "Karolus…rex" dated "918 IV Id Feb" refers to the death of "nostræ…coniugis Friderunæ"[666], and the charter dated "918 II Id Mar" that she had died "IV Id Feb"[667]m ([1/18] Apr 907) as his first wife, CHARLES III "le Simple" King of the West Franks, son of LOUIS II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks & his second wife Adelais (posthumously 17 Sep 879-Péronne 7 Oct 929, bur Péronne, monastère de Saint-Fursy). 

4.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         BERENGAR (-957, bur Saint-Gereon)Bishop of Cambrai 956.  Flodoard records in 956 that, after the death of “Fulbertus Camaracensis episcopus”, “Berengario Transrhenensi clerico...nepoti Bovonis Catalaunensis quondam episcopi” was ordained at Reims by Archbishop Artaud[668].  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium records that "Berengarius…ex nobili parentela Germaniæ ortus…et Ottonis imperatoris proxime consanguineus" succeeded Fulbert as Bishop of Cambrai[669]

 

 

1.         MILON (-after 932).  Bishop of Châlons .  Flodoard records in 931 that “[Rodulfus] rex” captured “Bovonem...Catalaunensem episcopum”, who had deserted to “Heriberto”, and granted “episcopatum ipsius” to “Miloni clerico[670].  Flodoard records in 932 that “Rodulfus rex” was reconciled with “Bovonem episcopum” and returned “Catalaunense...episcopium” to him, and that “Milo qui Catalaunense deprædabatur episcopium” was excommunicated by Archbishop Artaud[671]

 

 

[Two] siblings: 

1.         GEBUIN [I] de Dijon, son of HUGUES [I] Comte de Dijon & his wife Adalburgis --- (-997)Bishop of Châlons 947.  Flodoard records in 947 the death of “Bovo Catalaunensis episcopus” and the election by “sibi Catalaunenses” of “nobilem adolescentem clericum...Gibuinum[672].  The Chronicle of St Bénigne de Dijon records the death of "Hugo comes Divionensis" and a donation by "Adalburgis comitissa uxor eius" for his soul "cum laude filiorum ipsius Gibuini Catalauennsis Episcopi et Richardi qui post eum hunc tenuit comitatum et Hugonis Attoariorum comitis", the brothers later in the same passage recorded as having donated further land "post obitum matris"[673]Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “...Gipuinus Catalaunensis episcopus...[674].  "...Gibuini Catalaunensis episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 987 under which Hugues King of France issued orders at the request of “Mangaudus ex monasterio Corbeiæ[675]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 997 at Chalon of "Gibuinus episcopus senior"[676]

2.         [---.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         GEBUIN [II] (-1004).  He succeeded his uncle as Bishop of Châlons 997[677].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "alter Gibuinus nepos eius [=Gibuinus episcopi senior]" when recording that he succeeded in 997 as Bishop of Châlons and in a later passage records the death in 1004 at Châlons of "Gibuino II"[678]

 

 

1.         GUY [I] (-[1008/09]).  Bishop of Châlons .  “...Wido Catalunensis episcopus...” subscribed the charter dated to [1008] under which Robert II King of France confirmed donations to Saint-Denis[679]

 

 

1.         ROGER [I] (-1042).  Bishop of Châlons 1009.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the ordination in 1009 of “Rogeri episcopi fundatoris huius loci[680].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "Rogerus I" was installed as "Cathalaunensium episcopus" in 1009[681].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1042 of “Rogeri episcopi fundatoris huius loci” and the succession of “Rogerius II[682].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1042 of "apud Cathalaunum…primus Rogerus episcopus" and the succession of "Rogerus II"[683]

 

 

1.         ROGER [II] (-[1065/66]).  Bishop of Châlons 1042.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1042 of “Rogeri episcopi fundatoris huius loci” and the succession of “Rogerius II[684].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1042 of "apud Cathalaunum…primus Rogerus episcopus" and the succession of "Rogerus II"[685]...episcopis Heidone Suessionensi, Rogero Catalaunensi, Elinando Laudunensi, Balduino Noviomensi, Frollando Silvanectensi, Letberto Cameracensi, Guidone Ambianensi...” are named as present at the consecration of Philippe I King of France dated 22 May 1059[686].  "Rogerus secundus diœcesis Cathalaunicæ subrogatus" confirmed the foundation of the monastery of All Saints at Lille by charter dated 16 Nov 1062, witnessed by “...Widonis nepotis vicedomini...[687]Philippe I King of France an exchange of property at the request of secundus Rogerius Cathalaunensis civitatis episcopus” by charter dated 1065, before 4 Aug, witnessed by “Gervasii Remensis archiepiscopi...episcopi Laudunensis Elinandi[688]

 

 

1.         ROGER [III] de Hainaut, son of HERMAN Comte de Hainaut et de Mons & his wife Richilde --- (-1093).  The Chronicon Hanoniense records that "Hermannus comes" and his wife Richilde "filiumque habuerunt et filiam, qui quidem filius claudus fuisse dicitur", that "Richeldis…primorum puerum suorum in corpore debilitatem" and that he was "clericus" and received "episcopatum Catalanensem"[689].  The Annales Hanoniæ name "Rogerum" as son of "Hermannus filius ducis Thuringie ex Richilde", specifying that he was "claudum ab utero" and in a later passage that he was elected "episcopus Cathalenensis"[690].  His rights to the county of Hainaut, as oldest son of his mother, were ignored when the county passed to his half-brother, son of his mother's second marriage, presumably due to his physical disability.  Bishop of Châlons 1066.  ...Roger Cathalaunensis episcopus...” subscribed the charter dated 29 May 1067 under which Philippe I King of France donated the abbey of Orléans Saint-Sanson to Saint-Martin-des-Champs[691].  “...Rotgeri Catalaunensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 15 Jun 1068 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the possessions of the church of Senlis, including donations made by Frollandus...pastor...et Odo...vivens episcopus, similiter Walterus eiusdem ecclesie archidiaconus”, at the request of “Odo Silvanectensis episcopus[692].  “...Rogerii Catalaunensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 2 Nov 1071 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the grant by Bouchard Comte de Corbeil of privileges to Corbeil Saint-Spire[693].  “...Rotgeri Catala[une]nis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1084, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “Ansellus de Ribotmonte” to Ribemont Saint-Nicolas[694].  Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to the church of Charroux by “Robertus...castri et terre Perronensis dominus et Emma uxor eius et eorum filius Odo et filia Adeliz” by charter dated 1085, witnessed by...Rogerus Catalaunensis episcopus...”, classified as spurious in the compilation[695].  "Rogerus tertius episcopus" confirmed the privileges of Châlons-Saint-Pierre by charter dated 1092 “episcopatus autem Rotgeri tertii XXVI[696]The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1093 of “Rogerius III” and the succession of “Philippus[697].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1093 of "Rogerus III Cathalaunensis episcopus" and the succession of "Philippus frater comitis Hugonis Campaniensis natus de Alaide sorore sancti Symonis filius illius Theobaldi qui apud Sparnacum obiit"[698]

 

 

1.         PHILIPPE de Blois, son of THIBAUT III Comte de Blois & his [second/third] wife Adela [Alix] --- (-1100).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Philippum episcopum Cathalauensem et Hugonem Campanie comitem" as the two sons of "comiti Campanie Theobaldo" and his wife Adela[699]Bishop of Châlons 1093.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1093 of "Rogerus III Cathalaunensis episcopus" and the succession of "Philippus frater comitis Hugonis Campaniensis natus de Alaide sorore sancti Symonis filius illius Theobaldi qui apud Sparnacum obiit"[700].  "Hugo…comes Trecasinus cum Philippo fratre meo Catalaunensium episcopo" renounced rights over the village of Rouilly-Saint-Loup by charter dated [1100 or before] which names "patrem meum Theobaudum comitem"[701].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1100 of “Philippus episcopus” and the succession of “Hugo[702].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1100 of "Philippus Cathalaunensis episcopus" and the succession of "Hugo"[703]

 

 

 

1.         HUGUES (-1113).  Bishop of Châlons 1100.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1100 of “Philippus episcopus” and the succession of “Hugo[704].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1100 of "Philippus Cathalaunensis episcopus" and the succession of "Hugo"[705].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1113 of “Hugo episcopus” and the succession of “Willelmus[706].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1113 of "Hugo Cathalaunensis episcopus" and the succession of "magister Guilelmus de Campellis"[707]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Champeaux, son of --- (-1121).  Bishop of Châlons 1113.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1113 of “Hugo episcopus” and the succession of “Willelmus[708].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1113 of "Hugo Cathalaunensis episcopus" and the succession of "magister Guilelmus de Campellis"[709].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1121 of “Willelmus episcopus” and the succession of “Ebalus[710].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1121 of "Guilelmus…episcopus Cathalaunensis" and the succession of "domnus Ebalus…filius comitis Andree de Arceis"[711]

 

 

1.         EBLES de Ramerupt, son of ANDRE de Montdidier Seigneur de Ramerupt & his first wife Adela --- (-21 Jun 1126).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Ebalum Cathalaunensem episcopum et Hugonem comitem de Hyspania et Oliverum et filias" as children of "Andreas comes de Rameruth"[712]Seigneur de Ramerupt.  [Archdeacon at Laon 1103/04].  Bishop of Châlons 1121.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1121 of “Willelmus episcopus” and the succession of “Ebalus[713].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1121 of "Guilelmus…episcopus Cathalaunensis" and the succession of "domnus Ebalus…filius comitis Andree de Arceis…"[714].  "Ebalus…Cathalennensium episcopus cum post obitum patris mei Andree comitis Ramerucensis" donated property to Marmoutier by charter dated 1123[715].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1126 of “Ebalus episcopus[716].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1126 of "episcopus Ebalus Cathalaunensis" and the succession of "quidam magister Albricus"[717]

 

 

1.         AUBRY (-1127).  Bishop of Châlons 1126.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1126 of "episcopus Ebalus Cathalaunensis" and the succession of "quidam magister Albricus"[718]

 

 

1.         HERBERT (-1131).  Bishop of Châlons 1127.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record in 1127 that “episcopus Herbertus subrogatur[719].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1127 that "apud Cathalaunum Herbertus fit episcopus"[720]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY (-1143).  Bishop of Châlons 1131.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1131 that the election of "Bernardus in episcopum Cathalaunensem" was annulled and that "Gaufridus abbas Sancti Medardi Suessionensis" was made "episcopus Cathalaunensis"[721].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1143 the succession of “Guido” as “Catalauni...episcopus” after the death of “Gifrido[722].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1143 of “Gaufridus episcopus” and the succession of “Wido[723].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1143 of "apud Cathalaunem…episcopo Gaufrido" and the succession of "Guido de Monteacuto"[724]

 

 

1.         GUY de Pierrepont, son of ROGER de Pierrepont Seigneur de Montaigu & his wife Ermengarde --- (-1147)Bishop of Châlons 1143.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1143 of “Gaufridus episcopus” and the succession of “Wido[725].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1143 of "apud Cathalaunem…episcopo Gaufrido" and the succession of "Guido de Monteacuto"[726].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1143 the succession of “Guido” as “Catalauni...episcopus” after the death of “Gifrido[727].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1146 the death of “Guido Catalaunis episcopo[728].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1147 of “Wido episcopus” and the succession of “Bartolomæus[729].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1147 of "Guido Cathalaunensis episcopus" and the succession of "Bartholomeus"[730]

 

 

1.         BARTHELEMY (-1151).  Bishop of Châlons 1147.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1147 of “Wido episcopus” and the succession of “Bartolomæus[731].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1147 of "Guido Cathalaunensis episcopus" and the succession of "Bartholomeus"[732].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1151 of “Bartholomæus episcopus Ierosolimis[733].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1151 that "episcopus Cathalaunensis Bartholomeus" died "in peregratione Ierosolimitana" and "Haymo archidyaconus…de Basochiis" was elected[734].

 

 

1.         HAMON de Bazoches, son of --- (-[1152/53])Bishop of Châlons 1151.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1151 that "episcopus Cathalaunensis Bartholomeus" died "in peregratione Ierosolimitana" and "Haymo archidyaconus…de Basochiis" was elected[735].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the succession in 1152 of “Haymo[736]

 

 

1.         BOSO (-1161).  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record in 1153 that “Boso” was made “Catalaunensis episcopus[737].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1161 of “Boso episcopus[738].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1161 of "domnus Boso Cathalaunensis episcopus"[739]

 

 

1.         GUY de Dampierre, son of GUY [I] Seigneur de Dampierre & his wife Helvide de Baudémont (-1163).  "Ansericus de Monteregio" donated property to Pontigny, with the support of “--- uxor eiusdem Anserici”, by charter dated 1145, witnessed by “Andreas de Baldament, Bernardus capellanus de Monteregio, Guido de Dompetræ et Guido filius eius...Garnerius de Dompetræ...[740]Bishop of Châlons 1163.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the succession and death in 1162 of “Guido episcopus[741].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1163 that "Guido de Dampetra frater Anserici, Guillelmi, Andree et Milonis virorum nobilium" was elected "apud Cathalaunum", but that he died "ipsa die qua erat in crastino consecrando"[742]

 

 

1.         GUY de Joinville, son of ROGER Seigneur de Joinville & his wife Audiarde de Vignory (-1190).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Gaufridum Grossum Robertum et Guidonem episcopum Cathalaunensem et Beatricem comitissam de Grandiprato" as children of "Rogerus de Iovevilla Gaufridi filius" & his wife[743].  Archdeacon at Langres [1145].  "Geoffroy de Joinville", with the consent of "Félicité sa femme, de Geoffroy son fils, d'Audiard sa mère, de Gui archidiacre de Langres et de Robert, ses frères, ainsi que de sa sœur N", founded a priory for women at Val d'Osne, responsible to the abbaye de Molesmes, by charter dated to [1140/46][744]Bishop of Châlons 1164.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the succession in 1164 of “Guido episcopus[745].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election in 1163 of "Guido de Iovevilla frater Gaufridi filius Rogeri" as Bishop of Châlons[746].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1163 that "alter Guido de Iovevilla frater Gaufridi filius Rogeri" was elected "apud Cathalaunum" and held office for 28 years[747].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the death in 1190 of “Guido episcopus Catalaunensis[748].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1190 the death of "episcopus Cathalaunensis Guido" and the election of “in episcopum Rotrocus de Pertico regis Francorum consobrinus[749]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ROTROU du Perche, son of ROTROU [II] Comte du Perche & his wife Mathilde de Blois (-10 Dec 1201).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Thesaurarius of the church of Saint-Martin, Tours.  Archdeacon at Reims.  He was elected Bishop of Châlons 1191, appointed 1196.  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis record the election in 1190 of “Rotrochus episcopus[750].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1190 the death of "episcopus Cathalaunensis Guido" and the election of “in episcopum Rotrocus de Pertico regis Francorum consobrinus[751].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1201 the deaths of "Cathalaunensis Rotroldus et Laudunensis Rogerus episcopi, qui fuit patruus Rogeri de Roseto, cui succedit quidam Renaldus"[752].  The Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis (Continuatio) record the death in 1202 of “Rotrodus Cathalaunensis episcopus[753]

2.         GUILLAUME du Perche (-18 Feb 1226).  Provost of Saint-Martin, Tours.  He was elected Bishop of Châlons in 1215, installed in 1216.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the abdication in 1215 of “episcopus Gerardus Cathalaunensis” and the succession of “magister Fredericus archidyaconus”, who held office for one night and in the morning abdicated, and after him “Guilelmus de Pertico consobrinus regis frater Rotroti quondam episcopi[754].  He succeeded his nephew in 1217 as GUILLAUME Comte du Perche.  "Willelmus Cathalaunensis episcopus et comes Pertici" donated property to Notre-Dame de la Trappe for the souls of "quondam memorandi…Galfridus comes Pertici frater noster…Thomas quondam comitem Pertici nepotem nostrum" with the consent of "Helisendis tunc temporis comitissa Pertici" by charter dated 1220[755].  The necrology of the Abbaye des Clairets records the death "XV Kal Mar" of "Guillelmus Catalaunensis episcopus comes Pertici"[756].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1226 that, after the death of “episcopus Cathalaunensis Guilelmus”, his county of Perche was claimed by “domna Ambazie comitissa Carnotensis” and “regina Berengaria et soror eius Campanie comitissa...per matrem suam...de genere Pertici[757]

 

 

1.         GERARD de Douai, son of --- (-after 1215).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the appointment in 1203 of “magister Gerardus de Duaco” as “Cathalaunensis episcopus[758].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the abdication in 1215 of “episcopus Gerardus Cathalaunensis” and the succession of “magister Fredericus archidyaconus”, who held office for one night and in the morning abdicated, and after him “Guilelmus de Pertico consobrinus regis frater Rotroti quondam episcopi[759]

 

 

1.         FREDERIC (-after 1215).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the abdication in 1215 of “episcopus Gerardus Cathalaunensis” and the succession of “magister Fredericus archidyaconus”, who held office for one night and in the morning abdicated, and after him “Guilelmus de Pertico consobrinus regis frater Rotroti quondam episcopi[760]

 

 

The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1226 that, after the death of “episcopus Cathalaunensis Guilelmus”, “Henricus Remensis archidyaconus, thesaurarius Belvacensis” was elected but that he refused the election, after which “magister Petrus de Collemedio” was elected but also refused, that there was disagreement at the third election with some supporting “magistrum Bartholomeum...natione Lombardum eiusdem ecclesie canonicum” while others “iuvenem nobilem...Robertum de Torota fratrem episcopi Radulfi Virdunensis” or, in default, “cantorem ecclesie Cathalaunensis Hugonem[761]

 

1.         PHILIPPE (-1237).  Bishop of Châlons 1228.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1228 the election “apud Cathalaunum” of “decanus Parisiensis Philippus...cuius pater...Ursus camerarius regis frater Galtheri iuniores et habuerunt fratres episcopos tres...Parisiensem, Noviomensem et Meldensem” and his immediate consecration at Reims[762].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death “in die palmarum” 1237 of “Philippus episcopus Cathalaunensis” and the appointment of “magister Guilelmus” as “episcopus Aurelianensis[763]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Grandpré, son of HENRI [III] Comte de Grandpré & his second wife Ada d´Avesnes (-1247 or after).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "comiti de Grandi-prato" had two sons and two daughters (who were childless) by his second wife, adding that the second son "Joffridus…clericus" was made "episcopus Cathalaunensis"[764].  Provost at Montfaucon.  Bishop of Châlons 1237.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1239 that “183 Bulgri” were burned “ebdomada ante pentecostem...apud Mont Wimer qui ab antiquo Mons Wedomari dicitur” in the presence of “Remensis archiepiscopus Henricus...electus Cathalaunensis Gaufridus patruus comitis de Grandiprato...[765]

 

 

1.         REMY (-1284).  Bishop of Châlons .  The Annales Dervenses record the death in 1284 of “Remigius episcopus Cathalonensis[766]

 

 

1.         JEAN de Châteauvillain, son of JEAN [I] Seigneur de Châteauvillain & his wife --- (-2 Apr 1312)Seigneur de Pleurre.  Bishop of Châlons 1284.  The Annales Dervenses record the death in 1314 of “Iohannes episcopus Cathalonensis[767]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    BISHOPS of LAON

 

 

1.         PARDULOBishop of Laon 847: Lupus Ferrariensis addressed “præsuli Pardulo” by letters dated to 847 and 849[768]Hincmar Archbishop of Reims records “...Pardulo Laudunensium episcopo...” as present at the concile held at Quierzy in early 849[769].  “...Hincmarus Remorum metropolitanus episcopus, Immo Noviomagi, Pardulus Lugduni, Rhothadus Suessionum, Hilmeradus Ambianorum, Erpoinus Silvanecti, Ermenfridus Belloacorum...” addressed “Nomenoio priori gentis Britannice” relating to the concile held in an unknown location [suggested as Anjou] in [Jul/Aug] 850[770]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “...Pardulo Laudunense...[771]

 

 

1.         REMEDIUSBishop of Laon .  Hincmar names “...Remedius archiepiscopus Laudunensis...” as one of the bishops present when Lothaire II King of Lotharingia accepted the return of his wife Teutberga in 865[772]

 

 

1.         HINCMAR, son of ---  .  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Hincmaro nepoti suo Laudunensi episcopo” stating that “tu...in diocesi Remensi natus est et in metropoli Remorum nutritus et in municipio Lauduni ordinatus[773].  Mabillon states that “Hincmarus junior” was “ex Bononiæ territorio nativus dicitur” and that Hincmar Archbishop of Reims names “nepotis sui sobrinum Anselmum[774]Bishop of Laon 858.  ...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[775]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Bertulfo archiepiscopo Trevirensi” naming “Hincmarum Laudunensem episcopum, Hodonem Belvacensem et Iohannem Cameracensem[776].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to King Charles II “le Chauve” “de causa Hincmari nepoti sui montis Lauduni episcopi[777].  He was deposed in 876.  The Annales Vedastini state that “Hincmarus Laudunensium episcopus” was blinded by “Bosone”, when recording in 878 that the former was condemned at a court of Pope John VIII attended by “omnibus Gallicanis episcopis” but continued to proclaim his innocence and celebrate mass[778]

 

 

1.         HEDENULF (-[883]).  Bishop of Laon 876. 

 

 

1.         DIDO (-14 Dec [893/94]).  Bishop of Laon [883]. 

 

 

1.         RODOHARD (-[897]).  Bishop of Laon [893/94]. 

 

 

1.         RAOUL (-921).  Bishop of Laon [897].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ names “Riculfo Suessorum episcopo, Dodilone Cameracensi, Otgario Ambianensi, Mantione Catalaunensi, Rodulfo Laudunensi, Otfrido Silvanectensi” as present at the ordination of Hérivée Archbishop of Reims (dated to 901)[779].  Flodoard records in 921 the death of "Rodulfus episcopus montis Lauduni"[780]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         ADELELM (-930).  Bishop of Laon 921.  Flodoard records in 921 the death of "Rodulfus episcopus montis Lauduni" and the succession of “Adelelmus eiusdem loci thesaurarius”, who was ordained bishop by Archbishop Hérivé at Reims[781].  Flodoard records in 930 that, after the death of “Adelelmo Laudunensium præsule”, "Gozpertus nepos eius” was appointed to “episcopium[782]

2.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         GAUSBERTBishop of Laon 930.  Flodoard records in 930 that, after the death of “Adelelmo Laudunensium præsule”, "Gozpertus nepos eius” was appointed to “episcopium[783].  Flodoard records in 932 that, after the death of “Gozperto Laudunensium præsule”, “Ingramnus decanus monasterii sancti Medardi” was ordained as “episcopus Lauduni[784]

 

 

1.         ENGUERRAND [I] (-936).  Deacon of Soisson Saint-Médard.  Bishop of Laon 932.  Flodoard records in 932 that, after the death of “Gozperto Laudunensium præsule”, “Ingramnus decanus monasterii sancti Medardi” was ordained as “episcopus Lauduni[785].  Flodoard records in 936 (as the first report in that year) the death of “Ingramnus Laudunensis æcclesiæ[786]

 

 

Vanderkindere suggests that Bishop Raoul [II] was Rudolf, son of Ricfried Graaf van Betuwe & his wife Herensinda ---[787], who in the Memorial of "Ricfridus hoc nomine Dodo vocatus…comes" is named "…preses Rodolphus…" [prelate] as one of the children of the deceased[788]

 

1.         RAOUL [II] (-948)Bishop of Laon 936.  Flodoard records in 936 that “Rodulfo eiusdem loci presbitero” was appointed to “episcopatus Laudunensis”, that he was elected “a civibus concorditer”, and consecrated by Artaud Archbishop of Reims[789].  Flodoard records in 948 the presence at the synod of Ingelheim of "Wido episcopus Suessonicus, Hildegarius quoque Belvacensis, Rodulfus Laudunensis ceterique cuncti Remensis dioceseos episcopi"[790].  Flodoard records in 948 the deaths of “episcopi Geruncus Biturigensis et Rodulfus Laudunensis[791]

 

 

 

1.         RORICO, illegitimate son of CHARLES III “le Simple” King of the West Franks & his mistress --- (-20 Dec 976, bur Laon Saint-Vincent).  The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Arnulfum, Drogonem, Roriconem et Alpaidem" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex concubina"[792].  Bishop of Laon 949.  Flodoard records in 949 that “Laudunenses...sibi” elected “præsulem Roriconem diaconem [Ludowici] regis fratrem” and that he was consecrated by Artaud Archbishop of Reims[793].  Flodoard (Continuator) records in 976 the death “XIII Kal Jan” of “præsul Rorico...Laudunensis æcclesiæ, qui erat langore paralisi correptus[794]

 

 

1.         ADALBERO de Bastogne, son of REGINAR Comte de Bastogne [Ardenne] & his wife --- (-1031)A letter of Gerbert dated 985 names "episcopus Laudunensis Adalbero" and "frater Gocilo", adding that "filio fratris Barde" was given as hostage[795]Bishop of Laon 977.  Flodoard (Continuator) records in 977 the succession of “Adalbero iuvenis...ex Lotharii natus regno” as bishop of Laon and his ordination “nonas Kal Apr” by Adalbero Archbishop of Reims[796].  Charles Duke of Lotharingia accused his sister-in-law Emma, widow of Lothaire King of the West Franks, of adultery with Adalbero Louis V King of the West Franks quarrelled with his mother, banished Adalbero Bishop of Laon, and besieged Reims[797].  “...Adalbero Laudunensis episcopus...” subscribed the charter dated to [1008] under which Robert II King of France confirmed donations to Saint-Denis[798]

 

 

1.         GEBUINBishop of LaonHenri I King of France authorised Heddo to restore the abbey of Laon Saint-Martin at the request of Gebuin Bishop of Laon by charter dated Oct [1031/49][799]

 

 

1.         LEOTHERIC (-1052, bur Laon Saint-Vincent).  Bishop of Laon

 

 

1.         HELINAND (-1098).  Bishop of Laon 1052.  ...episcopis Heidone Suessionensi, Rogero Catalaunensi, Elinando Laudunensi, Balduino Noviomensi, Frollando Silvanectensi, Letberto Cameracensi, Guidone Ambianensi...” are named as present at the consecration of Philippe I King of France dated 22 May 1059[800].  “Heddo Suessionensium episcopus et Elinandus Laudunensium præsul...Frollandus Silvanectensis episcopus, Gualerannus camerarius, Theobaldus de Crispiaco, Nivelo de Petræfonte” subscribed the charter dated 27 May 1061 under which Philippe I King of France privileges to “basilicam...martyris Adriani” founded by “Richardus Bistisiacensis castellanus miles” [Béthisy], with the consent of “uxore sua Millesinde et filiis” and confirmed donations including by “Hugo...Ricardi filius[801]Philippe I King of France an exchange of property at the request of secundus Rogerius Cathalaunensis civitatis episcopus” by charter dated 1065, before 4 Aug, witnessed by “Gervasii Remensis archiepiscopi...episcopi Laudunensis Elinandi[802]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1112 that "Ingelrandus" was "episcopus Laudunensis" before "Gaudricum" who was killed, and that before him "Elinandus" was bishop[803]

 

 

1.         ENGUERRAND, son of --- (-1104).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1112 that "Ingelrandus" was "episcopus Laudunensis" before "Gaudricum" who was killed, and that before him "Elinandus" was bishop[804].  The Continuatio Laudunense of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1104 of “Ingelrannus Laudunensis episcopus” and the succession of “Waldricus regis Anglorum cancellarius[805]

 

 

1.         GAUDRY (-1113).  Bishop of Laon 1104.  The Continuatio Laudunense of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1104 of “Ingelrannus Laudunensis episcopus” and the succession of “Waldricus regis Anglorum cancellarius[806].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record in 1112 that "Baldricus Lauduni episcopus" was killed[807].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1112 that "episcopum Laudunensem Gaudricum" was killed[808].

 

 

1.         HUGUES [I] (-[1114]).  Bishop of Laon 1113.  The Continuatio Laudunense of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1113 that “Hugo Aurelianensis decanus” succeeded “Valdrico” as bishop but only lived for seven months[809].

 

 

1.         BARTHELEMY, son of CONON “Falcon” & his wife Aelis de Ramerupt (-1158).  The Miraculis S. Mariæ Laudunensis names "episcopum domnum Bartholomæum [Remensis ecclesiæ Beatæ Mariæ canonicum et thesaurarium]" as the son of Foulques de Joux and his wife[810].  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "filium columbine simplicitatis nomine Bartholomeum, qui prius fuit thesaurius Remensis ecclesie et Sancti Quintini et Lausannensis, postea vero Laudunensis antistes, novissime devotus in Fusniaco monacus…post quem mater eius genuit Ebalum cum aliis liberis utriusque sexus" as children of "sexta filia Hilduini comitis Adelidis"[811].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ebalum et…episcopum Laudunensem Bartholomeum et eorum sorores" as children of "Aeliz de Sarrata in Burgundia"[812]Bishop of Laon 1113, resigned 1150.  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1150 that “Bartholomeus Laudunensis episcopus” became a monk at “Fusniaci” [Foigny] after 38 years as bishop[813]

 

 

1.         GAUTHIER de Saint-Maurice, son of --- (-1153).  Bishop of Laon 1151.  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the appointment in 1151 of “Walterus abbas Sancti Martini” as bishop of Laon[814].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1153 of “Walterus Laudunensis episcopus”, his burial “Premonstrati”, and the succession of “Galterus Laudunensis decanus[815]

 

 

1.         GAUTHIER de Mortagne, son of --- (-1174, bur Laon Saint-Martin).  Bishop of Laon 1153.  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1153 of “Walterus Laudunensis episcopus” and the succession of “Galterus Laudunensis decanus[816].

 

 

1.         ROGER de Rozoy, son of CLAREMBAUD de Rozoy & his wife Elisabeth de Rethel (-1201).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Raynaldum…Rogerum..episcopus Laudunensis…et sorores eius…Aeliz de Cimeco, altera Alfelisia..." as the children of "Clarembaldus de Roseto" and his wife "Elizabeth filiam comitis Godefridi Namucensis"[817].  The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Raynaldum…[et] Rogerum Laundunensem episcopum et filias Alidem…Egidio de Cymaco maritatem et Annchelisam viro nobili in comitatu Namurcensi maritatam Philippo…de Altaripa" as children of "domino Rogero de Roseto" and his Namur wife[818]Bishop of Laon 1174.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1201 the deaths of "Cathalaunensis Rotroldus et Laudunensis Rogerus episcopi, qui fuit patruus Rogeri de Roseto, cui succedit quidam Renaldus"[819]

 

 

1.         RENAUD Surdelle, son of --- (-1210).  Bishop of Laon 1201. 

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Châtillon, son of GUY [II] Seigneur de Châtillon & his wife Alix de Dreux [Capet] (-1215).  Guy de Châtillon and Gaucher his brother made a donation to the priory of Longueau, with the consent of Robert also his brother, by charter dated 1189[820].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1216 records the death of "episcopus Laudunensis Robertus frater comitis de sanctro Paulo", in a later passage specifying that he was the son of "Guido de Castellione" & his wife[821]Bishop of Laon 1210.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1216 of “episcopus Laudunensis Robertus frater comitis de Sancto Paulo” and the succession of “Anselmus[822].  "Guido domini Johannis castellani Noviomi et Thorote primogenitus...quam uxor mea" sold “nemus...in Esga silva” to Notre-Dame d'Ourscamp, donated by “bone memorie Roberti episcopi Laudenensis patrui mei”, by charter dated 1217[823]

 

 

Two brothers:

1.         ANSELME de Mauny, son of --- (-1238).  Bishop of Laon 1216.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1216 of “episcopus Laudunensis Robertus frater comitis de Sancto Paulo” and the succession of “Anselmus[824].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1238 of “Laudunensis episcopus Anselmus” and the succession of “magister Garnerus archidyaconus[825]

2.         ITHIER de Mauny (-22/24 May 1261).  Bishop of Laon 1250.  

 

 

1.         GARNER (-1248, bur Laon, transferred Laon Saint-Vincent).  Bishop of Laon 1238.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1238 of “Laudunensis episcopus Anselmus” and the succession of “magister Garnerus archidyaconus[826]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] de Monasteriis, son of --- (-5 Mar 1271).  Bishop of Laon 1263. 

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY [I] de Beaumont, son of --- (-1279).  Bishop of Laon 1271.

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Jaligny, son of EUDES Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Bazois & his first wife Alix de Chaumont Dame de Jaligny (-after 24 Aug 1284).  The marriage contract between "Jehans sires de Chatiauvillain et de Luzi…Guiot sun fil" and "Guillaumes de Geligneys Chantres d´Auceurre…Ysabel fille jadis Huguon seigneur de Geligney et niece dudit Chantre" is dated end-Jun 1276, and names "Jehan de Geligney sun frere"[827]Bishop of Laon 1279.  The codicil of "Guillelmus de Jaliniaco episcopus Laudunensis", dated 24 Aug 1284, provides for anniversaries for "…Droconis fratris mei"[828]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Thourotte, son of JEAN de Thourotte Châtelain de Noyon & his wife --- (-1297)Bishop of Laon 1286. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    BISHOPS of MORINIE [THEROUANNE]

 

 

 

1.         FOLCUIN, son of HIERONYMUS & his wife [Ercheswinda/Ermentrudis] (-Esquelbecq, Nord 15 Dec 855, bur Sithiu)The Vita Fulcuini names "matre Erkensinda, patre Hieronimo, quorum prior de gente Gothorum…alter {Karolo] regis avunculus" as parents of "Folcuinus"[829].  The cartulaire of Saint-Bertin names "Hieronimus pater...Ermentrudis genetrix beati præsulis Folquini"[830]Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] [end-816/early 817].  "Folquinus...Morinorum episcopus" addressed the monks of Saint-Bertin by charter dated 20 Jun 839[831]...Fulcoinus...Tarwannensis ecclesie...episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held in Paris in [846/47][832].  “...Folcoinus episcopus...ecclesie Morini...Unfridus Morinensis ecclesie episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[833]

 

 

1.         HONFROI, son of --- (-8 Mar 870).  Monk at Prüm.  [...Folcoinus episcopus...ecclesie Morini...Unfridus Morinensis ecclesie episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[834].  The name of Bishop Honfroi was presumably added to the document later.]  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 856.  ...Humfridus Morinensium episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Tusey 22 Oct/7 Nov 860[835].  “...Hunfridus Morinensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 862[836].  “...Untfredi episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie end-Oct 863[837]. The cartulaire of Saint-Bertin records that, "post mortem...abbatis Adalardi...Id Mar" [dated to 864], “Humfridus Taruanensis episcopus et Prumiensis monasterii monachus...qui beato Folquino successerat in episcopatu” governed the abbey for two years[838]...Hunfridus Moriensium episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Soissons 18-25 Aug 866[839]

 

 

1.         ACTARDBishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 870.  ...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[840].  “...Acthardus episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[841]  

 

 

1.         ADALBERTBishop of Morins [Thérouanne] . 

 

 

1.         HERILAND (-[920]).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] .  A narrative of the excommunication pronounced against the murderers of Foulques Archbishop of Reims records the presence of “Heriveus...Remorum archiepisc...Wido Rotomagensium archiepiscopus, Riculfus Suessionum episcopus, Heidilo Noviomagensium episcopus...Helinandus Morinensium episcopus...Mancio Catalaunensium episcopus, Rodulfus Laudunensium episcopus, Otfridus Silvanectensium episcopus, Angelrannus Meldensium episcopus[842]

 

 

1.         ETIENNE (-after Jun 935).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] .  The cartulaire of Saint-Bertin records that "Stephanus Taruanensis ecclesiæ episcopus" retired (“decessit a sæculo”) and was succeeded by “Wicfridus hujus nostri monasterii Sithiu præpositus” who was consecrated “XII Kal Jul” 935 by “Artalde archipresule[843]

 

 

1.         WICFRED .  Provost of Saint-Bertin.  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 935.  The cartulaire of Saint-Bertin records that "Stephanus Taruanensis ecclesiæ episcopus" retired (“decessit a sæculo”) and was succeeded by “Wicfridus hujus nostri monasterii Sithiu præpositus” who was consecrated “XII Kal Jul” 935 by “Artalde archipresule[844].  Flodoard records in 935 that Artaud Archbishop of Reims ordained “Wifredum...monachum” as “Tarwanensi...æcclesiæ præsulem[845]

 

 

1.         DAVID [I] (-964).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] . 

 

 

1.         LIUDOLFBishop of Morins [Thérouanne] .  Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “...Liudulfus Tarvanensis episcopus...[846]

 

 

1.         FRAMERIC (-15 Mar 1004).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] . 

 

 

1.         BAUDOUIN (-[1026/30]).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] .  “...Balduinus Terwanensis episcopus” subscribed the charter dated to [1008] under which Robert II King of France confirmed donations to Saint-Denis[847].  "Balduinus...Taruannensis ecclesie episcopus...atque Rodericus abbas...ecclesie sancti Bertini"  exchanged property by charter dated 1026, signed by “...Gerbodonis advocati, Ernulfi advocati[848]

 

 

1.         DREUX (-21 Aug 1078).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] .  Balduini Noviomensi episcopi... Drogonis Taruennensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1066, after 4 Aug, under which Baudouin V Count of Flanders donated property to the church of Lille Saint-Pierre[849]"Drogo...intronisatus cathedra pontificali Morinorum civitatis" donated “altarium Brodborch” to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 17 Oct 1075[850]

 

 

1.         HUBERT (-15 Sep 1095, bur Saint-Bertin).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] . 

 

 

1.         LAMBERT [I] .  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] . 

 

 

1.         GERARD [I] .  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] .  "Girardus...Morinorum episcopus" donated “altare...in villa...Nepeglisia” to Marmoutier by charter dated 1084[851].  “...Gerardi Taruennensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1084, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “Ansellus de Ribotmonte” to Ribemont Saint-Nicolas[852].  Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to the church of Charroux by “Robertus...castri et terre Perronensis dominus et Emma uxor eius et eorum filius Odo et filia Adeliz” by charter dated 1085, witnessed by...Gerardus Morinensis episcopus...”, classified as spurious in the compilation[853].  

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         JEAN [I], son of --- (-27 Jan 1130).  "Johannes...Morinorum episcopus" consecrated a church for Saint-Bertin by charter dated 1112[854].  "Johannes...Morinorum episcopus" donated “locum...Osclarum in pago Mempisco juxta montem Cassel” to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 1115[855]

2.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         LAMBERT (-after 1109).  "...Lambertus nepos episcopi…" signed the charter dated 1109 under which Jean Bishop of Morins notified an agreement between Lambert Abbot of Saint-Bertin and Manassès Comte de Guines concerning a forest[856]

 

 

1.         MILO [I] (-15 Jul 1158).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 1131.  "Milo...Morinorum episcopus" confirmed the foundation of “ecclesiæ beati Wlmari in Bolonia” by charter dated 1132[857]The Continuatio Valcellensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1159 of “Milo Morinorum episcopus olim abbas Sancti Iudoci in Nemore ordinis Premonstratensis” after holding office for 27 years and the succession of “Milo secundus eius archidiaconus natione Anglus Sanctæ Mariæ de Bosco sive de Nemore regularis canonicus[858]

 

 

1.         MILO [II] (-14 Sep 1169).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 1159.  The Continuatio Valcellensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1159 of “Milo Morinorum episcopus olim abbas Sancti Iudoci in Nemore ordinis Premonstratensis” after holding office for 27 years and the succession of “Milo secundus eius archidiaconus natione Anglus Sanctæ Mariæ de Bosco sive de Nemore regularis canonicus[859].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1169 of "Milo secundus Morinorum episcopus" and the succession of “Desiderius Tornacensis archidiaconus[860]

 

 

1.         DESIDERIUS (-2 Sep 1194).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 1168.  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1169 of "Milo secundus Morinorum episcopus" and the succession of “Desiderius Tornacensis archidiaconus[861].  The Chronica Andrensis records in 1191 "domino Desiderio Morinensi episcopo in decrepita etate a cora pastorali absoluto” and the succession of “Lambertus de Brugis cancellarius Remensis[862]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         LAMBERT [II] (-21 May 1207).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] .  The Chronica Andrensis records in 1191 "domino Desiderio Morinensi episcopo in decrepita etate a cora pastorali absoluto” and the succession of “Lambertus de Brugis cancellarius Remensis[863].  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1207 of "Lambertus Morinorum episcopus” and the succession of “Johannes archidiaconus nepos ipsius[864]

2.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         JEAN [II] (-6 Feb 1212).  Archdeacon.  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 1207.  The Chronica Andrensis records the death in 1207 of "Lambertus Morinorum episcopus” and the succession of “Johannes archidiaconus nepos ipsius[865]

 

 

1.         ADAM (-18 Aug 1250).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 1213.  The Chronica Andrensis records the election in 1213 of "dominus Adam Parisiensis archidiaconus in episcopum Morinensem[866].  The Chronica Andrensis records in 1229 that "Adam Morinensis episcopus in crastino sancte resurrectionis” abdicated and retired “apud Claram-vallem[867]

 

 

1.         PIERRE [I] de Doy (-23 Mar [1250/51]).  Bishop of Morins [Thérouanne] 1230.  The Chronica Andrensis records in 1230 that "dominus Petrus” was consecrated “in Morinensem episcopum[868]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    BISHOPS of NOYON

 

 

 

1.         IMMO (-860).  Bishop of Noyon [838/40].  Nithard lib 3 1841.  ...Immo Tornacensis, Viromandensis atque Noviomagensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile at Germigny 24 Sep Sep/14 Oct 843[869].  “Episcoporum...Wenilonis, Erchanradi, Ymmonis, Rothadi, Symeonis, Lupi, Ragenarii, Heliæ, Erpoini, Aii, Hincmari presbyteri et vocati archiepiscopi” are recorded as present at the concile at Beauvais in Apr 845[870].  “...Immo Noviomagensis ecclesiæ...episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held in Paris in [846/47][871].Carisiacensi 849, Hincmar Archbishop of Reims records “...Immone Noviomagensium episcopo...” as present at the concile held at Quierzy in early 849[872].  “...Hincmarus Remorum metropolitanus episcopus, Immo Noviomagi, Pardulus Lugduni, Rhothadus Suessionum, Hilmeradus Ambianorum, Erpoinus Silvanecti, Ermenfridus Belloacorum...” addressed “Nomenoio priori gentis Britannice” relating to the concile held in an unknown location [suggested as Anjou] in [Jul/Aug] 850[873].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “...Immone Noviomagense...[874].  “...Immo Noviomagensis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[875].  The record of the concile held at Verberie 27 Aug 853 names “...Immo Noviomagensium...[876].  “...Imo episcopus Noviomensis...” subscribed the document recording the concile held at Bonneuil in Aug 855[877].  “...Immo Noviomagorum episcopus...” witnessed the document which records the concile held at Savonnières 14 Jun 859[878]. Annales Bertiniani 859 died.  [“...Rainelmus Novimagensium episcopus...Immo Noviomagorum episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Tusey 22 Oct/7 Nov 860[879].  Evidently there was some confusion about which bishop then held Noyon at the time of adding the subscriptions to this document. 

 

 

1.         RAGENELM (-[879/80])Bishop of Noyon .  “...Rainelmus Novimagensium episcopus...Immo Noviomagorum episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Tusey 22 Oct/7 Nov 860[880].  Evidently there was some confusion about which bishop then held Noyon at the time of adding the subscriptions to this document.  Bishop of Tournai .  “...Raginelmus Tornacensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres 25 Jun 861[881].  “...Raginelmus Tornacensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 862[882].  “...Raganelmi episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie end-Oct 863[883].  “...Ragenelmus...Tornacensis ecclesiæ...episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 864[884].  “...Rainelmus Tornacensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Soissons 18-25 Aug 866[885]A charter dated 3 Dec 868 records the examination of "Willeberti presbyteri qui futurus erat Catalaunensis episcopus" by “Hincmaro diœcesis Remensium archiepiscopo, item Hincmaro Laudunensium episcopo, Hodone Belgivacorum episcopo, cum legatis Hrothadi, Erpoini, Hilmeradi, Raginelmi et Johannis eiusdem diœcesis coepiscoporum”, and states that he had been elected by “Hincmaro archiepiscopo et eius coepiscopis[886].  “...Raginelmus Noviomagensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie Apr 869[887].  “...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[888].  “...Ragenelmus Torncacensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[889]The Annales Vedastini record the death in 879 of “Ragnelmus Tornacensium episcopus[890]

 

 

1.         HETILOBishop of Noyon .  “...Herdilo Noviomagensis...” is among those recorded as present at the synod of Mainz in 888[891]A narrative of the excommunication pronounced against the murderers of Foulques Archbishop of Reims records the presence of “Heriveus...Remorum archiepisc...Wido Rotomagensium archiepiscopus, Riculfus Suessionum episcopus, Heidilo Noviomagensium episcopus...Helinandus Morinensium episcopus...Mancio Catalaunensium episcopus, Rodulfus Laudunensium episcopus, Otfridus Silvanectensium episcopus, Angelrannus Meldensium episcopus[892]

 

 

1.         RAUBERTBishop of Noyon .  

 

 

1.         AIRAUD (-932).  Bishop of Noyon .  Flodoard records in 932 the death of “Airardus Noviomensis episcopus” and the appointment of “quidam clericus eius urbis”, with the consent of “Adelelmum comitem”, upon which “milites” invaded the town, and “Adelelmus” sought refuge in the church but was killed[893]

 

 

1.         WALBERT (-26 Dec 936, bur Noyon).  Abbot of Corbie.  Bishop of Noyon 932.  Flodoard records in 932 that “Waltbertus Corbeiensis abbas” was ordained “Noviomensibus...episcopus[894].  Flodoard records in 937 that, after the death of “Waltberto...Noviomagensium præsule”, “Transmarus monasterii sancti Vedasti præpositus” succeeded as bishop[895]

 

 

1.         TRANSMARUS (-22 Mar 950, bur Noyon).  Flodoard records in 937 that, after the death of “Waltberto...Noviomagensium præsule”, “Transmarus monasterii sancti Vedasti præpositus” succeeded as bishop[896]

 

 

1.         RAOUL (-952).  Flodoard records in 950 that “Hugo...cum rege” appointed “Rodulfo archidiaconatus eiusdem æcclesiæ” to “episcopatus Noviomensis” at “colloquium...apud Compendium” and that Artaud Archbishop of Reims consecrated him at Reims[897]

 

 

1.         FOUCHER (-955).  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Fulcherus…ex patre…ignobili natus filius…principis coccorum regis Franciæ" succeeded "Rodulfo…in episcopatu" in 953 and held office for 18 months[898].  Flodoard records in 954 the ordination of “Fulcharius decanus monasterii sancti Medardi” as “Noviomensium...episcopus” at Reims[899].  Flodoard records in 955 that, after the death of “Fulchario episcopo”, five months later “Hadulfus...Laudunensis clericus” was elected “a Noviomensibus” and ordained at Reims by “Artoldo, Roricone ac Gibuino[900]

 

 

1.         HAIDULF (-977).  Flodoard records in 955 that, after the death of “Fulchario episcopo”, five months later “Hadulfus...Laudunensis clericus” was elected “a Noviomensibus” and ordained at Reims by “Artoldo, Roricone ac Gibuino[901].  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Hadulfus" succeeded "Fulchero" as bishop[902].  Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “...Haidulfus Noviomensis episcopus...[903]Flodoard (Continuator) records in 977 the death “nativitate sancti Iohannis Baptistæ” of “Hadulfus Noviomensis episcopus...tempore prolixo paralisi pessime percussus[904]

 

 

1.         LIUDOLF de Vermandois, son of ALBERT [I] Comte de Vermandois & his wife Gerberga [Hainaut] ([957]-before 9 Nov 986).  A list of members of the Cathedral of Paris lists (in order) "Albertus comes, Girberga comitissa, Harbertus, Otto, Lewultus, Girbertus, Gondrada, Ricardus, Harbertus comes…", the first four individuals named apparently being Comte Albert, his wife and three sons, and the last named maybe his brother or nephew[905].  He was appointed Bishop of Noyon 978, consecrated 979.  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Leudulfus" succeeded "Hadulfo" as bishop[906].

 

 

1.         [RATBOD [I] .  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Rabbodus" succeeded "Leudulfo" as bishop[907].  The Historia Ecclesie Cisnoniensis records the donation made by “Amurricus cum duobus suis fratribus” to Cysoing by charter dated 968 “regnante rege Lothario, monarcham Flandrensis patriæ gubernante comite Arnulfo, episcopalem cathedram tenente Ratbodone[908].  Although the year specified in this document is consistent with the rule of both King Lothaire and Arnoul II Count of Flanders, it falls during the bishopric of Bishop Hadulf.  It is not known whether this document is spurious (the way in which Comte Arnoul is described suggests that it might be) and, if so, whether Bishop Ratbod [I] really existed.]

 

 

1.         HARDOUIN, son of --- (-[1030]).  Bishop of Noyon 1000.  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Harduinus" succeeded "Rabbodo" as bishop in 1000[909].  "Harduinus...Tornacensis civitatis episcopus" donated “quatinus altaria...Hettingeem, Adlingeem, Westkerka, Rokashem” to Saint-Bertin by charter dated to [1026][910].

 

 

1.         HUGUES (-1044).  Provost of Tournai.  Archdeacon of Cambrai.  Bishop of Noyon 1030.  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Hugo" succeeded "Balduino" as bishop[911].   

 

 

1.         BAUDOUIN [I] (-1068, bur Saint-Barthélemy).  Bishop of Noyon 1044.  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Balduinus" succeeded "Harduino" as bishop[912]"...Balduini episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 1047 which records donations to Soissons-Saint-Médard made by "Hugo", for the souls of “patris sui Rainoldi...et fratris sui...Alberti[913].  “...episcopis Heidone Suessionensi, Rogero Catalaunensi, Elinando Laudunensi, Balduino Noviomensi, Frollando Silvanectensi, Letberto Cameracensi, Guidone Ambianensi...” are named as present at the consecration of Philippe I King of France dated 22 May 1059[914].  “...Tedbaldo de Monte Morentie...” subscribed the charter dated 1060, after 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France with “episcopo Agoberto in cujus diocesi eadem ecclesia est” confirmed the confirmation by Henri I King of France of a donation of the church of Saint-Germain de Brezolles to Chartres Saint-Père made by “fidelis noster Albertus...Ribaldi...filius” (subscribed by “...Balduini...episcopi...”)[915].  “Gervasii Remorum archiepiscopi, Balduini Noviomensis episcopi, Widonis Ambianensis episcopi, Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1065, after 4 Aug, confirmed the restoration of property to Hasnon monastery by “Balduinus filius Balduini Philippi regis Francorum procuratoris et bajuli[916].  “Balduini Noviomensi episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1066, after 4 Aug, under which Baudouin V Count of Flanders donated property to the church of Lille Saint-Pierre[917]

 

 

[Two siblings:]

1.         RATBOD [II] (-Bruges [6] Jan 1098, bur Tournai Notre-Dame)Bishop of Noyon .  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Rabbodus…avunculus Everardi Tornacensium castellani" succeeded "Hugoni" as bishop[918]...Rabodi Noviomensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 15 Jun 1068 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the possessions of the church of Senlis, including donations made by Frollandus...pastor...et Odo...vivens episcopus, similiter Walterus eiusdem ecclesie archidiaconus”, at the request of “Odo Silvanectensis episcopus[919].  “...Rabbodi Noviomensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 2 Nov 1071 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the grant by Bouchard Comte de Corbeil of privileges to Corbeil Saint-Spire[920].  “...Rabodi Noviomensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1075, after 23 May, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed privileges of Tournus Saint-Philibert Frollandus...pastor...et Odo...vivens episcopus, similiter Walterus eiusdem ecclesie archidiaconus”, at the request of “Odo Silvanectensis episcopus[921].  “...Rabodonis Noviomensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1084, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “Ansellus de Ribotmonte” to Ribemont Saint-Nicolas[922].  Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to the church of Charroux by “Robertus...castri et terre Perronensis dominus et Emma uxor eius et eorum filius Odo et filia Adeliz” by charter dated 1085, witnessed by...Rabodo Noviomensis episcopus...”, classified as spurious in the compilation[923]"Radbodus...Noviomensium seu Tornacensium episcopus" donated “altare de Giddis” to Lille Saint-Pierre by charter dated 16 Mar 1088[924]"Hugo...Suessionensis episcopus" confirmed the property of “monasterio S. Theobaldi juxta Basilicas sito” by charter dated 1093, subscribed by “...Ratbodi Noviomensium episcopi...[925]"Rabodus...Noviomensium episcopus" donated “altare de villa...Calmunt in Valles” to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 7 Dec 1093 “Radbodi episcopatus vigesimo sexto[926]...Radboldi episcopi Noviomensis...” subscribed the charter dated 14 Jun 1095 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “donni Ingelranni et optimatum predicti castri” to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Nogent-sur-Coucy[927]The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Rabbodus" died at Bruges and was buried "Tornacum…in ecclesia sancte Marie"[928].  

2.         [--- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         CUNO (-after 1090).  Radbod Bishop of Tournai confirmed the privileges of Oudenbourg abbey, founded by “Chuno nepos meus et eius uxor Hazecca” by charter dated 1090[929].  [Cubicularius of Flanders: Meyer’s mid-16th century Annalium Flandriæ record that “Conon Roberti comitis cubicularius” donated property to Oudenbourg with “Hasecca eius uxor[930].  Limburg-Stirum highlights that cubicularius equates with camerarius and therefore suggests that Cuno was chambellan de Flandre[931].  However, he cites no earlier primary source which names Cuno as cubicularius.  It is uncertain whether a mid-16th century work provides an adequate foundation for asserting that Cuno was chambellan.]  m HAZECA, daughter of --- (-after 1090).  Radbod Bishop of Tournai confirmed the privileges of Oudenbourg abbey, founded by “Chuno nepos meus et eius uxor Hazecca” by charter dated 1090[932].  [same person as...? CONON (-after 1090).  The Chronicle of Oudebourg records donations made by “Everardi Tornacensis et fratris sui Cononis atque Balduini Gandensis[933].  Arnoul Bishop of Soissons confirmed the property of Oudenbourg, including the donation of “tertiam partem decimæ...Aldenburgensis parochiæ” made 3 Mar 1084 by “dominus Conon”, by charter dated 1087[934].  “Laicorum: Cononis, Everardi...” witnessed the charter dated 1090 under which Radbod Bishop of Tournai confirmed the privileges of Oudenbourg[935].  Limburg-Stirum equates Conon with Cuno[936].  However, it is not clear that they could have been the same person, particularly because Conon and [his brother] Everard [I] witnessed the 1090 document as shown above, but the former was not called “Chuno” in the witness list.] 

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         BALDERIC, son of --- (-31 May 1112)Bishop of Noyon 1098.  Bishop of Tournai .  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Rabbodus" was succeeded by "Baldricus" as bishop[937].  Balderic Bishop of Noyon donated property near Cohem, Blarenghem and Blendecques to Bourbourg, at the request of “sa sœur dame Godehilde abbesse”, by charter dated 1106[938].  "Baldricus...Noviomensium atque Tornacensium episcopus" confirmed the donation of “in Flandrensi...territorio apud Coclers in honore sancti Martini...ecclesia” made to Saint-Bertin by “predecessor noster bone memorie domnus Robertus episcopus, fratri Tancrado clerico” by charter dated 1106[939]

2.         GODEHILDE .  Abbess of Bourbourg.  Balderic Bishop of Noyon donated property near Cohem, Blarenghem and Blendecques to Bourbourg, at the request of “sa sœur dame Godehilde abbesse”, by charter dated 1106[940]

 

 

1.         LAMBERT d’Ypres, son of THIBAUT d’Ypres & his wife --- (-1123).  Provost of Zonnebeke: Pope Paschal II addressed “Lamberto Sinnebeccensis ecclesiæ præposito” confirming the foundation of the church "in villa Sonnebeccensi" by "bonæ memoriæ Fulpoldus...cum uxore sua Rampurga avia tua et poste eos pater tuus Teobaldus" by charter dated 1110[941].  Archdeacon of Tournai.  Bishop of Noyon 1113.  Bishop of Tournai .  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Lambertus" succeeded "Baldrico" as bishop[942].  "Lambertus...Tornacensium sive Noviomensium episcopus" donated “altare de Rumbecke cum capellis suis...Calkingehem atque Hocanam” to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 1116[943].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the succession in 1121 of “Symon Ludovici regis Francorum patruelis” after the death of “Lamberto Noviomensi episcopo[944].

 

 

1.         SIMON de Vermandois, son of HUGUES [I] de France Comte de Vermandois [Capet] & his wife Adelais Ctss de Vermandois (-Seleukia 10 Feb 1148, bur Cistercian Abbey of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption, Ourscamp).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names (in order) "Radulfum comitem Veromandie et Henricum de Chauni et Simonem episcopum Noviomensem" as the sons of "Hugonem Magnum [et] Adelaide comitissa Veromandensium"[945].  "Adela…Viromandorum comitissa, filius…meus Radulphus" renounced their claim to certain serfs in favour of the abbey of Compiègne Saint-Corneille, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Radulphi, Henrici, Symonis", by charter dated 1114[946].  The Liber de Restauratione Sancti Martini Tornacensis names "Symonem adolescentem, filium Hugonis comitis cognomento Magni", when recording his election as Bishop of Noyon[947].  He was elected Bishop of Noyon in Jul 1123.  Bishop of Tournai .  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the succession in 1121 of “Symon Ludovici regis Francorum patruelis” after the death of “Lamberto Noviomensi episcopo[948].  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "Symon…germanus…Radulfi comitis Perronensis qui ambo fuerunt filii Hugonis comitis cognomento Magni…germanus…Philippi Francorum regis" succeeded "Lamberto" as bishop[949].  "Simon...Tornacensis atque Noviomensis episcopus" donated “ecclesias...Lisnege, Snelgerkerke, Bovenkerke, Ermingehem” to Saint-Bertin by charter dated 1125[950].   He was excommunicated in 1142 by Pope Innocent II for having authorised the divorce of his brother Comte Raoul I from his first wife.  He accompanied Louis VII King of France on the Second Crusade in 1147, and died on the return journey[951].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1148 the death of “Symon...Noviomensis episcopus apud Seleutiam[952]

 

 

1.         BAUDOUIN [II] (-4 May 1167, bur Ourscamp).  Bishop of Noyon 1148.

 

 

1.         BAUDOUIN [III] (-1174, bur Ourscamp).  Bishop of Noyon 1167. 

 

 

1.         RENAUD (-1188).  Bishop of Noyon 1175. 

 

 

1.         ETIENNE de Villebéon, son of GAUTHIER [I] de Villebéon Seigneur de Nemours & his first wife Aveline Dame de Nemours (-1222).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "tres episcopos Noviomenem, Parisiensem et Meldensem et quatuor milites Philippus de Nemosio…Ursonem, Galterum iuniorem et Iohannem" as children of "Galtero…camerario regis" and his wife "Avelinam Nemosii domnam"[953]Bishop of Noyon 1188.  A charter dated 1191 records the confirmations by "Guido…Senonensis archiepiscopus…[et] fratris nostri Stephani Noviomensis episcopi" of the testamentary dispositions made by "Avelina uxor Philippi fratris sui", in childbirth, in favour of Barbeau abbey, with the consent of "liberi predictorum Philippi et Aveline, Galterius et Agnes"[954].  A charter dated Aug 1191 records the confirmation by Philippe II King of France of the testamentary dispositions taken by "Stephanus Noviomensis episcopus" in the name of "Avelina quondam uxor defuncti Philippi fratris sui" in favour of Barbeau abbey[955]

 

 

1.         GERARD de Bazoches, son of NICOLAS [I] de Bazoches & his wife Agnes de Chérisy (-1228, bur Noyon)col 1006: Nicolao Basilicarum domino ex gente Castillionea et Agnete de Cherisi parentibus natus.  Bishop of Noyon 1222.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1228 of “episcopo Noviomensi Gerardo fratre episcopi Iacobi Suessionensis” and the succession of “Nicholaus Turonensis decanus, nepos ex sorore viri nobilis Bartholomei de Roia in curia regis Francie nominatissimi[956]

 

 

1.         NICOLAS de Roye, son of PIERRE de Roye & his wife --- (-15 Apr [1240], bur Joyenval)Bishop of Noyon 1228.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1228 of “episcopo Noviomensi Gerardo fratre episcopi Iacobi Suessionensis” and the succession of “Nicholaus Turonensis decanus, nepos ex sorore viri nobilis Bartholomei de Roia in curia regis Francie nominatissimi[957].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1240 of “episcopus Noviomensis Nicholaus” and the election of “domnus Karolus regis patruus...Petrus” as his successor[958].  The necrology of Joyenval records the death “15 Apr“ 1239 of "domini Nicolai de Roya episcopi Noviomensis nepotis ex fratre domini Bartholomæi fundatoris” and his burial “juxta patruum[959].

 

 

1.         PIERRE [Charles], illegitimate son of PHILIPPE II King of France & his mistress --- ([1205/09]-in a shipwreck off Damietta, Egypt 9 Oct 1249, bur Noyon Cathedral).  His parentage is confirmed by a letter of Pope Gregory IX dated 5 Jul 1240 in which he complained to the archbishop of Reims about the election of “P[etrum Carlotum], natum clare memorie -- regis Francie, subdiaconum nostrum” as bishop of Noyon[960].  Elected Bishop of Noyon 1240, Comte de Noyon.  Chancellor of Charles d’Anjou King of Sicily.  Matthew of Paris records the death in 1249 in a ship bound for Cyprus of "vir præclarus episcopus Noviomensis, comes Palatinus"[961].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1240 of “episcopus Noviomensis Nicholaus” and the election of “domnus Karolus regis patruus...Petrus” as his successor[962].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that the Pope suspended and later deposed “episcopus Noviomensis domnus Karolus” in 1241[963]

 

 

1.         WERMOND de la Boissière, son of --- (-1272, bur Noyon).  Bishop of Noyon 1250. 

 

 

1.         GUY [I] des Prez, son of --- (-1297).  Bishop of Noyon .  

 

 

1.         SIMON [II] de Clermont, son of SIMON [II] de Clermont Seigneur de Nesles & his wife Adela de Montfort (-22 Dec 1302)Bishop of Noyon 1297.  Bishop of Beauvais 1301. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  BISHOPS of SENLIS

 

 

1.         HERPOIN (-6 Jun 871).  Bishop of Senlis .  The manuscript written by clerics at Reims, which describes the deposition and eventual restoration of “Ebbo...episcopus”, records that “VIII Id Dec” [840] he was received by “Episcopis suffrageneis suis Rothado Episcopo, Simeone Episcopo, Lupo Episcopo, Erpuino Episcopo[964].  The placing of Herpoin´s name last in the last suggests that he was the most junior of the group, having been ordained most recently.  ...Herpuinus Silvanectensis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile at Germigny 24 Sep Sep/14 Oct 843[965].  “Episcoporum...Wenilonis, Erchanradi, Ymmonis, Rothadi, Symeonis, Lupi, Ragenarii, Heliæ, Erpoini, Aii, Hincmari presbyteri et vocati archiepiscopi” are recorded as present at the concile at Beauvais in Apr 845[966].  “Hincmarus...metropolis ecclesiæ Remorum episcopus, Herpuinus...Silvanectensis episcopus, Guntbaldus...metropolis ecclesiæ Rotomacensis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held in Paris in [846/47][967].  Herpoin´s prominent position in this subscription list suggests seniority or status.  Cariacensi 848, Turonensi IV Parisius 849.  “...Hincmarus Remorum metropolitanus episcopus, Immo Noviomagi, Pardulus Lugduni, Rhothadus Suessionum, Hilmeradus Ambianorum, Erpoinus Silvanecti, Ermenfridus Belloacorum...” addressed “Nomenoio priori gentis Britannice” relating to the concile held in an unknown location [suggested as Anjou] in [Jul/Aug] 850[968].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “...Erpuino Silvanectense...[969].  “...Herpuinus Silvanectensis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[970].  The record of the concile held at Verberie 27 Aug 853 names “...Erpoinus Silvanectensium...[971].  “...Herpuinus Silvanectensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the document recording the concile held at Bonneuil in Aug 855[972].  “...Herpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus...” witnessed the document which records the concile held at Savonnières 14 Jun 859[973].  “...Erpuinus Silvanectensium episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Tusey 22 Oct/7 Nov 860[974].  “...Herpuinus Silvanectensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres 25 Jun 861[975].  “...Erpuinus episcopus ecclesiæ Silvaenectensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 862[976].  “...Herpuini episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie end-Oct 863[977].  “...Herpuinus...Silvanectensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 864[978].  “...Erpuinus Silvanectis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Soissons 18-25 Aug 866[979]. A charter dated 3 Dec 868 records the examination of "Willeberti presbyteri qui futurus erat Catalaunensis episcopus" by “Hincmaro diœcesis Remensium archiepiscopo, item Hincmaro Laudunensium episcopo, Hodone Belgivacorum episcopo, cum legatis Hrothadi, Erpoini, Hilmeradi, Raginelmi et Johannis eiusdem diœcesis coepiscoporum”, and states that he had been elected by “Hincmaro archiepiscopo et eius coepiscopis[980].  “...Erpuinus Silvanectensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie Apr 869[981].  “...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[982].  “...Frothardus presbyter ad vicem domini et patris mei Erpoini Silvanectensis episcopi...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[983]

 

 

1.         ADEBERT (-883 or 897).  Bishop of Senlis 871.    

 

 

1.         OTFRID (-[26 Jun 909/918]).  Bishop of Senlis .  The date of his installation is not known, but Archbishop Foulques instructed the clergy of Senlis to send representatives to discuss ending the vacancy in the see which resulted in the appointment of Otfrid[984].  Gallia IX Instr Reims col 10: signed excommunication pronounced against assasins of Archbishop Foulques 900.  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ names “Riculfo Suessorum episcopo, Dodilone Cameracensi, Otgario Ambianensi, Mantione Catalaunensi, Rodulfo Laudunensi, Otfrido Silvanectensi” as present at the ordination of Hérivée Archbishop of Reims (dated to 901)[985]A narrative of the excommunication pronounced against the murderers of Foulques Archbishop of Reims records the presence of “...Otfridus Silvanectensium episcopus...[986]

 

 

1.         ADALELM (-936).  Bishop of Senlis .  Flodoard records in 936 the death of “Adelelmus Silvanectensium præsul[987].   

 

 

1.         BERNUIN .  Monk at Soissons Saint-Crépin.  Bishop of Senlis 937.  Flodoard records in 937 the ordination of “Silvanectensium præsul...Bernuinus ex cœnobio sancti Crispini[988].  

 

 

1.         GONTEBERT (-947).  Bishop of Senlis 938. 

 

 

1.         IVES [I] .  Bishop of Senlis

 

 

1.         CONSTANTIUS (-[986]).  Bishop of Senlis [965].  "Constantius...Silvanectensis ecclesiæ episcopus" confirmed the grant of land “in pago Silvanectensi in villa...Braïo” to “Rothardus” by charter dated 18 Apr 978 “anno XIII episcopatus domini...Constantii[989].  Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “...Constantius Silvanectensis episcopus...[990]

 

 

1.         EUDES [I] (-[993/97]).  Bishop of Senlis 986. 

 

 

1.         ROBERT [I] (-1 Oct 1008).  Bishop of Senlis .  “...Robertus Silvanectensis episcopus...” subscribed the charter dated to [1008] under which Robert II King of France confirmed donations to Saint-Denis[991]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         RAOUL [I] .  Bishop of Senlis .  After the death of a sub-deacon of Chartres, Bishop Raoul demanded the position for himself or his brother.  Fulbert rejected the demand and appointed Evrard, after which "Raoul complice de sa mère et de son frère fait à Evrard de terribles menaces" and was assassinated, as reported by Fulbert in a letter to Adalbéron Bishop of Laon demanding his excommunication.  Raoul died before the conclusion of the legal actions which followed[992]

2.         GUY .  After the death of a sub-deacon of Chartres, Bishop Raoul demanded the position for himself or his brother.  Fulbert rejected the demand and appointed Evrard, after which "Raoul complice de sa mère et de son frère fait à Evrard de terribles menaces" and was assassinated, as reported by Fulbert in a letter to Adalbéron Bishop of Laon demanding his excommunication[993]

 

 

1.         [GUY [I] .  Dhomme & Vattier consider that, his existence, based only on the report of Helgaud concerning "Bishop Raoul [II]" (see below), is doubtful and that he was the same person as Guy [II] "le Bon/Bonus"[994].] 

 

 

1.         [RAOUL [II] .  Helgaud records the presence of Raoul Bishop of Senlis at the consecration of the church of Orléans Saint-Aignan with King Robert II in 1029.  Dhomme & Vattier consider that this report must be erroneous in some way and that there was no "Bishop Raoul [II]"[995].] 

 

 

1.         GUY [II] "le Bon/Bonus" (-Dec 1042).  Bishop of Senlis

 

 

1.         FROLAND [I] (-[1053/58]).  Bishop of Senlis

 

 

1.         [GUY [III] .  Dhomme & Vattier indicates that only a document of King Henri I dated 1058 attests the existence of a bishop Guy, suggests that part of the witness list was copied from the charter dated 1042 (see above), and doubts the document´s authenticity[996].] 

 

 

1.         [FROLAND [II] (-May 1067).  Bishop of Senlis...episcopis Heidone Suessionensi, Rogero Catalaunensi, Elinando Laudunensi, Balduino Noviomensi, Frollando Silvanectensi, Letberto Cameracensi, Guidone Ambianensi...” are named as present at the consecration of Philippe I King of France dated 22 May 1059[997]Dhomme & Vattier suggests that he was the same person as Frolland [I] and that this second Frolland did not exist as a separate person[998]...Frollandi episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1060, after 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France donated “villam in pago Parisiacensi sitam...Curtesiolum” to Saint-Denis, at the request of “amita mea soror...patris mei H...Adela[999].  “Heddo Suessionensium episcopus et Elinandus Laudunensium præsul...Frollandus Silvanectensis episcopus, Gualerannus camerarius, Theobaldus de Crispiaco, Nivelo de Petræfonte” subscribed the charter dated 27 May 1061 under which Philippe I King of France privileges to “basilicam...martyris Adriani” founded by “Richardus Bistisiacensis castellanus miles” [Béthisy], with the consent of “uxore sua Millesinde et filiis” and confirmed donations including by “Hugo...Ricardi filius[1000].  “...Frotlandi Silvanectensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 27 May 1067 under which Philippe I King of France, at the request of “Erchenbaldus...Burbunensis dominus atque Hunbaldus Huriacensis miles”, confirmed the donation of “in Bituricensi regione capella...juxta fluvium Lasmars” to Saint-Denis made by “miles...Johannes[1001].

 

 

1.         EUDES [II] (-[4 Oct 1069/1071]).  Bishop of Senlis .  Philippe I King of France confirmed the possessions of the church of Senlis, including donations made by Frollandus...pastor...et Odo...vivens episcopus, similiter Walterus eiusdem ecclesie archidiaconus”, at the request of “Odo Silvanectensis episcopus” by charter dated 15 Jun 1068”[1002].  “...Silvanectensis episcopi Odonis...” subscribed the charter dated 1069, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France granted privileges to Senlis Saint-Vincent[1003]  

 

 

1.         FROLAND [III] [Roland] (-7 Sep 1075).  Bishop of Senlis"Guido Wiscelini filii filius" donated land “apud Rubreium inter Credulium et urbem Silvanectum” to Senlis by charter dated 1075 “domni...Frollandi episcopatus anno tertio[1004]

 

 

1.         ENGELARDBishop of Senlis...Engelardi Silvanectensis designati episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1075, after 23 May, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed privileges of Tournus Saint-Philibert Frollandus...pastor...et Odo...vivens episcopus, similiter Walterus eiusdem ecclesie archidiaconus”, at the request of “Odo Silvanectensis episcopus[1005]

 

 

1.         IVES [II] .  Bishop of Senlis .  " Philippe I confirmed the privileges of the church of Beauvais by charter dated 1079, signed by Bishop Ives.  Simon comes” donated the church of Crépy Saint-Arnoul to Cluny, with the consent of “Silvanectense pontifice Yvone”, by charter dated [1 Nov 1077/1 Nov 1081][1006]

 

 

1.         URSO (-5 Sep [1093]).  Bishop of Senlis...Ursoni Silvanectensium episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 6 Jan 1082 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the renunciation by “milite Hugone...agnomento Stavello” to “advocationem...in...possessione sancti Germani...Domnus Martinus[1007]Philippe I King of France issued a judgment against Hugues Stavel relating to rights of the monks of Dammartin by charter dated 6 Jan [1082/83], witnessed by Bishop Urso.  Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to the church of Charroux by “Robertus...castri et terre Perronensis dominus et Emma uxor eius et eorum filius Odo et filia Adeliz” by charter dated 1085, witnessed by...Ursio Silvanectensis episcopus...”, classified as spurious in the compilation[1008]

 

 

1.         HUGUES (-27 Jan [1095/96]).  Bishop of Senlis...Hugonis episcopi Silvanectensis...” subscribed the charter dated 14 Jun 1095 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “donni Ingelranni et optimatum predicti castri” to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Nogent-sur-Coucy[1009]

 

 

1.         LETAUD (-1099).  Archdeacon of Senlis Notre-Dame.  Bishop of Senlis 1096. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         HUBERT (-1115).  Archdeacon of Senlis Notre-Dame.  Bishop of SenlisPhilippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to Melun Saint-Sauveur by “Hildegarium de Fertiaco” by charter dated 1100, after 23 May, witnessed byHuberto Silvanectensi episcopo...[1010].  Philippe I King of France in the name of the Pope ordered “Lamberto Atrebatensi episcopo” to attend at Paris for absolution by charter dated [5 Oct/1 Dec] 1104, witnessed byHuberto Silvanectensi episcopo...[1011]"Hubertus...Silvanectensis episc" donated land to Beauvais Saint-Quentin, to commemorate “obitus mei cum anniversario fratris mei Guidonis in prædicta ecclesia”, by charter dated to [1099/1113][1012]

2.         GUY"Hubertus...Silvanectensis episc" donated land to Beauvais Saint-Quentin, to commemorate “obitus mei cum anniversario fratris mei Guidonis in prædicta ecclesia”, by charter dated to [1099/1113][1013]

 

 

1.         CLAREMBAUD (-6 Feb [1133/34]).  Bishop of Senlis"Clarembaldus Silvanectensis episcopus" granted privileges to Senlis Saint-Vincent by charter dated 1130[1014]

 

 

1.         PIERRE [I] (-before 1150).  Bishop of Senlis [1134].  "Willelmus Lupus Silvanectensis" donated “usum totius Espioniæ et Beeley” to Charlieu Notre-Dame, with the consent of “uxore mea Adelvia filioque meo majore...Guidone...fratris mei Stephani Parisiensis episcopus”, by charter dated to [1137], witnessed by “Stephanus Parisiensis episcopus, Petrus episcopus Silvanectensis...[1015]After the bishops of Laon, Noyon and Senlis authorised Raoul Comte de Vermandois to divorce his wife on grounds of consanguinity in 1142, and conducted his second marriage the following day, the Pope excommunicated Comte Raoul and suspended the three bishops. 

 

 

1.         THIBAUT (-[1155]).  Bishop of Senlis

 

 

1.         AMAURY (-[1167).  "Amalricus...Silvanectensis episcopus" confirmed the donation of “usum...totius forestæ Espioniæ de Bealci” made to Charlieu by “Albericus camerarius et filius eius Albericus comes de Dammartin”, with the consent of “Johanne scancione regis et uxore sua Helisendi et Petro filio suo”, by charter dated 1162[1016]

 

 

1.         HENRI (-[1184/85]).  Abbot of Beauvais Saint-Quentin.  Bishop of Senlis"Henricus...Silvanect...episcopus" confirmed the donation of “decimam...in...nemoris de Braisilva” made to Saint-Nicolas d´Acy by “dominus Guido buticularius”, with the consent of “conjugis suæ Margaritæ et filiorum suorum Guidonis primogeniti et Willelmi junioris”, by charter dated 1171[1017]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY (-1214 or after).  Bishop of Senlis .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1214 the abdication “propter debilitatem corporis” of “Gaufridus Silvanectensis episcopus” who became a monk and was succeeded by “frater Garinus”, who became “specialis consiliarius...quasi secundus a rege” to King Philippe II[1018]

 

 

1.         GUERIN [de Montaigu-en-Auvergne], son of --- (-1227).  Bishop of Senlis 1214.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1214 the abdication “propter debilitatem corporis” of “Gaufridus Silvanectensis episcopus” who became a monk and was succeeded by “frater Garinus”, who became “specialis consiliarius...quasi secundus a rege” to King Philippe II[1019].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1227 of “frater Garinus Silvanectensis episcopus” and the succession of “magister Adam[1020]

 

 

1.         ADAM de Chambly, son of --- (-1259).  Bishop of Senlis 1227.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1227 of “frater Garinus Silvanectensis episcopus” and the succession of “magister Adam[1021].   

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  BISHOPS of SOISSONS

 

 

 

1.         ROTHARD [II] (-[869/70]).  Bishop of Soissons 832.  The manuscript written by clerics at Reims, which describes the deposition and eventual restoration of “Ebbo...episcopus”, records that “VIII Id Dec” [840] he was received by “Episcopis suffrageneis suis Rothado Episcopo, Simeone Episcopo, Lupo Episcopo, Erpuino Episcopo[1022]...Rothadus Suessionis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile at Germigny 24 Sep Sep/14 Oct 843[1023].  “Episcoporum...Wenilonis, Erchanradi, Ymmonis, Rothadi, Symeonis, Lupi, Ragenarii, Heliæ, Erpoini, Aii, Hincmari presbyteri et vocati archiepiscopi” are recorded as present at the concile at Beauvais in Apr 845[1024].  “...Hincmarus Remorum metropolitanus episcopus, Immo Noviomagi, Pardulus Lugduni, Rhothadus Suessionum, Hilmeradus Ambianorum, Erpoinus Silvanecti, Ermenfridus Belloacorum...” addressed “Nomenoio priori gentis Britannice” relating to the concile held in an unknown location [suggested as Anjou] in [Jul/Aug] 850[1025]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “...Rothado Suessonico...[1026].  “...Hrothadus Suessonicæ urbis episcopus...” subscribed the record of the concile held at Soissons in Apr 853[1027].  The record of the concile held at Verberie 27 Aug 853 names “...Hrothadus Suessonum...[1028].  “...Rothadus Suessionensis ecclesiæ episcopus...” subscribed the document recording the concile held at Bonneuil in Aug 855[1029].  “...Rothadus Suessionum episcopus...” witnessed the document which records the concile held at Savonnières 14 Jun 859[1030].  “...Rothadus Suessonicus episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Tusey 22 Oct/7 Nov 860[1031]Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that “Rothadi...Suessonice civitatis episcopi” was deposed[1032].  Pope Nicholas I ordered Hincmar to restore Rothard, and concile Senlis 863 called to discuss (no surviving document).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 865 that Pope Nicholas restored "Rothardum episcopum Suessionensem" who had been convicted "a sinodo sub Karolo"[1033]...Rotardus Suessionum episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Soissons 18-25 Aug 866[1034].  “...Rothadus Suessonum episcopus...” subscribed the document dated 2 Nov 867 which records the concile held at Troyes in Oct/Nov 867[1035]A charter dated 3 Dec 868 records the examination of "Willeberti presbyteri qui futurus erat Catalaunensis episcopus" by “Hincmaro diœcesis Remensium archiepiscopo, item Hincmaro Laudunensium episcopo, Hodone Belgivacorum episcopo, cum legatis Hrothadi, Erpoini, Hilmeradi, Raginelmi et Johannis eiusdem diœcesis coepiscoporum”, and states that he had been elected by “Hincmaro archiepiscopo et eius coepiscopis[1036].  “...Rothadus Suessonensis episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Verberie Apr 869[1037]

 

 

1.         ENGELMODBishop of Soissons...Angilmode Suessonicæ æcclesiæ...episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Pîtres Jun 862[1038]

 

 

1.         HILDEBOLD (-after Feb 883).  Bishop of Soissons...Ex Remensi provincia: Actardus Morinensis episcopus, Erpoinus Silvanectensis episcopus, Hilmeradus Ambianensis episcopus vicario suo, Hincmarus Laudunensis episcopus, Odo Belvagensis episcopus, Ragenelmus Tornacensis episcopus, Johannes Camaracensis episcopus, Willebertus Catalaunensis episcopus, Hildebaldus Suessionensis...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Attigny Jun/Jul 870[1039].  “...Hildeboldus Suessonice ecclesie episcopus...” subscribed the document which records the concile held at Douzy 5 Aug/6 Sep 871[1040]

 

 

1.         RICULFBishop of Soissons .  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ names “Riculfo Suessorum episcopo, Dodilone Cameracensi, Otgario Ambianensi, Mantione Catalaunensi, Rodulfo Laudunensi, Otfrido Silvanectensi” as present at the ordination of Hérivée Archbishop of Reims (dated to 901)[1041]A narrative of the excommunication pronounced against the murderers of Foulques Archbishop of Reims records the presence of “...Riculfus Suessionum episcopus...[1042]

 

 

1.         RODOIN (-925).  Bishop of Soissons

 

 

1.         ABBO (-937).  Bishop of Soissons .  Flodoard records in 925 that, after the appointment of "Heriberti comiti...filii sui Hugonis” as archbishop of Reims, “Abbo episcopus Romam petit cum legatis Heriberti comitis[1043].  Flodoard records in 937 the death of “Abbo Suessorum præsul” and the succession of “Wido filius Fulconis Andegavensis, sancti Martini Turonensis canonicus” to the bishopric[1044]

 

 

 

1.         GUY [I] d'Anjou, son of FOULQUES I "le Roux" Comte d'Anjou & his wife Roscille de "Loches" (-[970]).  His father offered him as a hostage to the Normans in return for the release of Charles III "le Simple" King of the Franks in 922.  Bishop of Soissons 937.  Flodoard records in 937 the death of “Abbo Suessorum præsul” and the succession of “Wido filius Fulconis Andegavensis, sancti Martini Turonensis canonicus” to the bishopric[1045].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Fulco…filiosque…quorum unus Guido" was made Bishop of Soissons by "Hugonem Abba-Comitem"[1046].  Dudo de Saint-Quentin records that “duosque episcopos Hildierum Belvacensem et Guidonem Suessionem et quamplurimos milites” were given to the Normans as hostages to secure the release of Louis IV King of the West Franks, dated to 945[1047].  Flodoard records in 948 the presence at the synod of Ingelheim of "Wido episcopus Suessonicus, Hildegarius quoque Belvacensis, Rodulfus Laudunensis ceterique cuncti Remensis dioceseos episcopi"[1048]

 

 

1.         GUY [II] d´Amiens, son of GAUTHIER [I] Comte d'Amiens & his [first/second] wife [Eva---/Adela ---] (-[995]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Soissons [970].  Adalberon Archbishop of Reims founded abbatia Mosomagensis by charter dated 972, subscribed by “Wido Suessionensis ecclesiæ episcopus...[1049].  "...Widonis Suessionensis episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 987 under which Hugues King of France issued orders at the request of “Mangaudus ex monasterio Corbeiæ[1050]

 

 

1.         FOULQUES, son of ACHARD de la Ferté-sur-Aube & his wife [Achardia ---] (-1015 or after).  "Fulchone Suessionis episcopo ac comite Notcherio fratribus" supported a donation by "Vualterius Eduorum…episcopus" of property to the abbey of Flavigny by charter dated 1011[1051]Bishop of Soissons 995.  The necrology of Soissons records the death “VIII Id Oct” of “Fulco præsul” and his donation of “alodium cum ecclesia de Pomerias[1052]

2.         [brother/sister .  One parent of Béraud and his supposed sister may either have been Nocher [I] Comte de Bar-sur-Seine or an otherwise unrecorded brother or sister, assuming that the word "nepotis" is used in its strict sense of nephew in the charter which is quoted below.]  m ---.  Children: 

a)         BERAUD (-1052).  "Fulco episcopus Sessionis civitatis, Beraldi nepotis eius…" subscribed a charter dated 1011 under which "Vualterius Eduorum…episcopus" donated property to the abbey of Flavigny[1053].  Archdeacon at Langres before 1015.  Provost at Langres 1018.  Bishop of Soissons 1019.  "...Beroldi episcopi..." subscribed the charter dated 1047 which records donations to Soissons-Saint-Médard made by "Hugo", for the souls of “patris sui Rainoldi...et fratris sui...Alberti[1054]The necrology of Soissons records the death “VI Kal Nov” of “Beroldus episcopus” and his donation of “villa...Cala et clausum ad vinum solvendum in Bistisiaco[1055]

 

 

1.         DEODATUS [II] .  Bishop of Soissons

 

 

1.         HEDDOBishop of Soissons...episcopis Heidone Suessionensi, Rogero Catalaunensi, Elinando Laudunensi, Balduino Noviomensi, Frollando Silvanectensi, Letberto Cameracensi, Guidone Ambianensi...” are named as present at the consecration of Philippe I King of France dated 22 May 1059[1056].  “Heddo Suessionensium episcopus et Elinandus Laudunensium præsul...Frollandus Silvanectensis episcopus, Gualerannus camerarius, Theobaldus de Crispiaco, Nivelo de Petræfonte” subscribed the charter dated 27 May 1061 under which Philippe I King of France privileges to “basilicam...martyris Adriani” founded by “Richardus Bistisiacensis castellanus miles” [Béthisy], with the consent of “uxore sua Millesinde et filiis” and confirmed donations including by “Hugo...Ricardi filius[1057].  Philippe I King of France donated “altaria...de villa Parnant...et alterum de villa Columnas” to Soissons-Saint-Crépin, at the request of “Heddo Suessionensis episcopus”, by charter dated 1063[1058]

 

 

1.         ADELARD (-1072).  Bishop of Soissons"Gervasius...Remorum archiepiscopus" founded "ecclesiam sancti Timothei" by charter dated 1064, subscribed by “...Elinandi Laudunensis episcopi, Adelardi Suessionensis episcopi, Flotlandi Silvanectensis episcopi, Widonis Belvacensis episcopi...[1059].  “...Alardi Suessionis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 15 Jun 1068 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the possessions of the church of Senlis, including donations made by Frollandus...pastor...et Odo...vivens episcopus, similiter Walterus eiusdem ecclesie archidiaconus”, at the request of “Odo Silvanectensis episcopus[1060].  “...Suessorum episcopi Adalardi...” subscribed the charter dated 1069, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France granted privileges to Senlis Saint-Vincent[1061]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         THIBAUT de Pierrefonds, son of --- (-26 Jan 1080)Gallia Christiana records that Bishop Thibaut was "Nivelonis toparchæ castri de Petrafonte germanus"[1062]Bishop of Soissons 1072.  ...Tetbaldi Suessionensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1075, after 23 May, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed privileges of Tournus Saint-Philibert Frollandus...pastor...et Odo...vivens episcopus, similiter Walterus eiusdem ecclesie archidiaconus”, at the request of “Odo Silvanectensis episcopus[1063].  "Theobaldus Suessionicæ sedis episcopus" donated "altare...in villa...Bainson" to “abbatiolæ...in villa Conciaco” by charter dated 1077[1064]The necrology of Soissons records the death “XIII Kal Feb” of “Theobaldus episcopus” and his donation of “altare de Bainson...et altare S. Germani de Compendio[1065]

2.         NIVELON [I] Seigneur de Pierrefondsm ---. Children: 

a)         HUGUES [I] de Pierrefonds (-Aquileja 1103)Bishop of Soissons [1093].  "Hugo...Suessionensis episcopus" confirmed the property of “monasterio S. Theobaldi juxta Basilicas sito” by charter dated 1093, subscribed by “Hugonis episcopi tunc temporis decaniam et cancellariam in manu sua tenentis...Rainaldi Remorum archiepiscopi, Elinandi Laudunensium episcopi, Fulconis Belvacensium episcopi, Gervini Ambianensium episcopi, Ratbodi Noviomensium episcopi, Girardi Morinorum episcopi...[1066].  “...Hugonis episcopi Suessionensis...” subscribed the charter dated 14 Jun 1095 under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “donni Ingelranni et optimatum predicti castri” to the abbey of Notre-Dame de Nogent-sur-Coucy[1067].  "Hugo...Suessorum episcopus" donated “altare de villa Novigento...super Maternam fluvium” to Paris Saint-Germain by charter dated 1096[1068]"Dominus Nivelo dominus de Petrafonte" donated the church of Saint-Maxime at Pierrefonds to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filiis suis Petro, Anscullo, Nivelone et Drogone…uxoris eius…[…Advisa]…et…domni Hugonis fratris suis Suessionensis pontificis", the last named before leaving for Jerusalem, by charter dated to [1100][1069]

b)         NIVELON [II] Seigneur de Pierrefondsm HAWISE, daughter of ---.  Children: 

i)          ANSOUL de Pierrefonds, son of (-19 Sep 1158, bur Longpont).  "Dominus Nivelo dominus de Petrafonte" donated the church of Saint-Maxime at Pierrefonds to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filiis suis Petro, Anscullo, Nivelone et Drogone…uxoris eius…[…Advisa]…", by charter dated to [1100][1070]Gallia Christiana records that Bishop Ansoul was "Nivelonis II domini Petræ-fontis & Havisiæ…filius"[1071]Bishop of Soissons 1152.  "Ansculfus...Suessionensis ecclesiæ minister" confirmed donations to Longpont by charter dated 1156[1072]

 

 

1.         URSIOBishop of Soissons

 

 

1.         FOLBERT, son of --- .  The Vita Arnulfi names "Folbertus in pago Brabantia circa fluvium Scaldum" and "nobilissima coniuge…Meinsinde" as parents of Arnoul Bishop of Soissons[1073].]  m MEINSINDA, daughter of [--- & his wife Goda de Namur].  Folbert & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [ARNOUL (-Oudenbourg, Bruges 1087, bur Oudenbourg).  The Vita Arnulfi names "Lugerdam, Godam, Ermengardam" as the three sisters of "Albertus comes Namurcensis", specifying that Goda was mother of "Meinsindam matrem sancti Arnulfi episcopi Suessioniæ"[1074], although this may not be a reliable source as it is inaccurate in recording the descendants of Goda's supposed sister Liutgarde.  He entered the Benedictine monastery of Saint Médard at Soissons in 1060.  Bishop of Soissons 1081.  He resigned from the see in 1084, and retired to the monastery of Oudenbourg which he had founded.] 

 

 

1.         ENGUERRAND (-[1085]).  Bishop of SoissonsElinandi Laudunensis episcopi, Rainaldi Remensis archiepiscopi... Ingelranni Suessionensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1084, before 4 Aug, under which Philippe I King of France confirmed the donations made by “Ansellus de Ribotmonte” to Ribemont Saint-Nicolas[1075]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         HILGOT .  Deacon of Paris Sainte-Geneviève.  Bishop of Soissons 1085.  "Helgotus...Suessorum episcopus" donated "altare sancti Sulpitii de Petrefonte" to Marmoutier by charter dated 1085[1076].  Philippe I King of France confirmed the donation made to the church of Charroux by “Robertus...castri et terre Perronensis dominus et Emma uxor eius et eorum filius Odo et filia Adeliz” by charter dated 1085, witnessed by...Helgotus Suessionensis episcopus...”, classified as spurious in the compilation[1077].  The dating clause of a charter dated 1087 states "Helgoto episcopante anno secundo"[1078].  "Manasses de Basilica" donated “monasterium sancti Theobaldi...juxta...castrum Basilicas” to Marmoutier, with the consent of “domno Rainaldo tunc temporis Remensi archiepiscopo et auctore D. Hilgaudo Suessionensium episcopo”, in the presence of “domni Hainrici tunc temporis Suessorum episcopi”, by undated charter[1079]

2.         ANDRE"...Andreas frater domini Hilgodi..." witnessed the undated charter under which "Manasses de Basilica" donated “monasterium sancti Theobaldi...juxta...castrum Basilicas” to Marmoutier[1080]

 

 

1.         HENRI, son of --- (-Saint-Jean d´Angély 1131)Bishop of Soissons before 1086.  Gallia Christiana states that “regis Angliæ necnon et comitis Aquitanie cognatus Heinricus” was appointed as bishop of Soissons by Philippe I King of France, dismissed by the Pope, but later confirmed, undated but the same source states that, as bishop, he subscribed a charter dated 1086 under which “Raynaldo metropolitano” donated property to “Agneti Aveniaci abbatissæ…altari S. Hilarii de Marolio” (no citation reference)[1081].  "Manasses de Basilica" donated “monasterium sancti Theobaldi...juxta...castrum Basilicas” to Marmoutier, with the consent of “domno Rainaldo tunc temporis Remensi archiepiscopo et auctore D. Hilgaudo Suessionensium episcopo”, in the presence of “domni Hainrici tunc temporis Suessorum episcopi”, by undated charter[1082]Gallia Christiana states that he became a monk at Cluny, dated to before 1093 when “Heinricus olim Suessionensis episcopus, tunc Cluniacensis monachus” subscribed a charter of “Hugonis toparchæ Luperciaci in pago Nivernensi” (no citation reference), that later he became (in turn) “prior Cluniacensis…[prior] Silvianacensis, abbas S. Johannis Angeriacensis”, was thereafter "archiepiscopus Bizuntinus" for three days and "episcopus Xantonensis" for eight days, and that finally he was appointed abbot of Peterborough, from where he was expelled after five years and returned to Saint-Jean d´Angély where he died in 1131[1083]

 

 

1.         HUBERT (-1104).  Bishop of SoissonsPhilippe I King of France in the name of the Pope ordered “Lamberto Atrebatensi episcopo” to attend at Paris for absolution by charter dated [5 Oct/1 Dec] 1104, witnessed byHuberto Silvanectensi episcopo...[1084] 

 

 

1.         MANASSES de Soissons, son of GUILLAUME d´Eu Comte de Soissons & his wife Adela Ctss de Soissons (-1 Mar 1108).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Rainaldum comitem Suessonis et Iohannem…et Manassem Suessionensem episcopum et filias" as children of "comes Suessionis Guilermus"[1085]Canon at Soissons.  Bishop of Cambrai 1095.  The Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) records the disputes which arose following the death of Gerard Bishop of Cambrai, when the town of Cambrai chose “Francigenam...Manassen” whereupon the canons appointed “prepositum...Mascelinum” (and later “domnum Walcherum archidiaconum suum”, see above), while the inhabitants of Arras appointed “episcopum...Lambertum[1086].  Another Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium (Continuatio) provides a second version of events, including the intervention of “Manasses Remensium archiepiscopus, electi Manassæ avunculus[1087].  The Chronicon S. Andreæ records the council of Auvergne held by Pope Urban II in 1095 which decided in favour of Manassès[1088].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1095 the succession, after "expulso ab episcopatu Cameracensi Walchero”, of “Manasses[1089].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1105, after "Manasse Cameracensi episcopo accepto monachico habitu”, the succession of “Odo primus abbas ex cœnobio sancti Martini Tornacensis æcclesiæ[1090]Bishop of Soissons 1104.  The Gesta Galcheri Episcopi Cameracensis records that the Pope installed Manassès as bishop of Soissons after he left Cambrai[1091].  The necrology of Soissons Saint-Jean records the death “Kal Mar” of “Manasses episcopus” and his donation of “altare de Bonnis, de Lostro...[1092]

 

 

1.         LISIARD (-[1125/27]).  Bishop of Soissons"Lisiardus...Suessionensis episcopus" donated “altare...Cresanci, altare Condati, altare Wlcenis...altare Kalet” to the church of Concy by charter dated 17 Mar 1110 “episcopatus domini Lisiardi Suessionensis primo[1093]The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the death in 1125 of "Lisiardus Suessionensis episcopus"[1094].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the succession in 1127 of “Ioslenus” as bishop of Soissons after the death of “Lisiardi episcop[1095]

 

 

1.         HUGUES [II] de Champ-Fleury, son of --- (-4 Sep ----).  Archdeacon of Arras.  Bishop of Soissons .  Chancellor of Louis VII King of France.  The necrology of Soissons cathedral records the death “pridie Non Sep” of “domnus Hugo hujus ecclesiæ episcopus et…regis Francorum Ludovici cancellarius” and his donation of “altare de Aquila[1096]

 

 

1.         JOSCELIN (-1151).  Bishop of Soissons .  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the succession in 1127 of “Ioslenus” as bishop of Soissons after the death of “Lisiardi episcop[1097].  “Josleni Suessionensis episcopi...” subscribed the charter dated 1130 under which Renaud Archbishop of Reims founded the abbey of Igny en Tardenois and confirmed donations[1098].  "Joslenus...Suessionensis ecclesiæ...minister" founded Longpont, with the consent of “Goffridus de Firmitate, a quo...ipsam terram Longi-pontis in feodo susceperat”, by charter dated 1132[1099]The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1151 of “episcopi...Hugo Autisiodorensis et Ioslenus Suessionensis[1100].

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         NEVELON de Chérisy, son of GERARD [III] de Chérisy & his wife Agnes de Longpont (-Apulia 1205, but Bari Santo Niccolo).  Archdeacon of Soissons.  Bishop of Soissons 1175.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1205 that “Nevelo Suessionensis episcopus” was bringing back many holy relics from Constantinople but died on the journey “in Apulia” and was buried “in Barrensi beati Nicholai ecclesia[1101]

2.         AGNES de Chérisym NICOLAS de Bazoches, son of GERVAIS de Bazoches & his wife Hawise de Rumigny.  Children: 

a)         JACQUES de Bazoches (-Jul 1241).  Thesaurarius at Soissons.  Bishop of Soissons 1219.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that at Reims “dominica ante cineres” 1220 three bishops were consecrated “Iacobus Suessionensis, Godefridus Cameracensis et Galtherus Tornacensis[1102]

b)         AGNES de Bazochesm RAOUL de Château-Porcien.  Child: 

i)          GUY [III] de Château-Porcien (-killed in battle Mansurah 5/6 Apr 1250).  Bishop of Soissons 1245.  The necrology of Soissons cathedral records the death “Non Apr apud Marsoriam civitatem Ægypti cum S Ludovico rege captus a Saracensis…capite truncatus” of “D. Guido de Castro-Portuensi episcopus Suessionensis[1103].  The necrology of Reims records the death “VIII Id Apr” of “Guido Suessionensis episcopus” and the donation for his soul made by “Guichardus de Castro frater eius presbyter et canonicus noster[1104]

c)         NICOLAS de Bazochesm AGNES de Châtillon, daughter of GAUCHER [II] de Châtillon Seigneur de Nanteuil-la Fosse & his wife Helvide de Nanteuil-la-Fosse.  Children: 

i)          NIVELON [II] de Bazoches, son of NICOLAS [II] de Bazoches & his wife Agnes --- (-1262).  Archdeacon of Brie.  Bishop of Soissons 1252. 

ii)         ROBERT de Bazochesm BREMONDE, daughter of ---.  Children: 

(1)       MILON de Bazoches (-24 Sep 1290, bur Soissons cathedral, transferred 1296 to Longpont monastery)Archdeacon of Soissons.  Bishop of Soissons .  col 371: died 24 Sep 1290, bur Soissons cathedral, transferred 1296 to Longpont monastery.  An epitaph at Longpont records the death “VIII Kal Oct” 1290 of “Milo de Basochiis quondam Suessionensis episcopus…sepultum in ecclesia Suessionensi ubi nunc jacet Gerardus episcopus nepos eius et anno 1196 III Non Oct hic fuit demum corpus translatum[1105]

 

 

 

1.         HAIMON (-20 May 1219).  Bishop of Soissons .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1207 that “episcopum Odonem [Parisiensi]” appointed “magister Herveius episcopus Trecensis et Haymo cantor Remensis...episcopus Suessionensis[1106]

 

 

1.         RAOUL de Coudun, son of RAOUL Seigneur de Coudun & his wife --- (-1245).  Bishop of Soissons 1241.  Cantor and Archdeacon of Soissons.

 

 

1.         GERARD de Montcornet, son of --- (-1296, bur Soissons). Bishop of Soissons 1292. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  BISHOPS of TOURNAI

 

 

Until 1146, the bishops of Noyon were also bishops of Tournai.  The revival of the separate bishopric of Tournai is dated to 1146. 

 

 

 

1.         ANSELMEBishop of Tournai 1146.  The Historiæ Tornacenses record that "domini Anselmi episcopi" was consecrated in Rome in 1146[1107].  

 

 

1.         EVERARD d'Oisy, son of GAUTHIER [I] d'Oisy & his wife Ade [Ide] de Mortagne (-1190).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Nicolaum, Yvonem, Fastradum et episcopum Everardum Tornacensem" as the sons of "Galterum de Avennis" & his wife Ida[1108].  The Liber de Restauratione Sancti Martini Tornacensis names "quarto [filio advocationem Tornacensem =Gualterus] Everardo, postea episcopo Tornacensi", specifying that he was archdeacon at Cambrai and Tournai[1109].  Canon at Tournai 1145, archdeacon 1150.  Bishop of Tournai 1173.  "Evrardus…Tornacensis episcopus" confirmed the donation by "Johannes advocatus Cisonii" to Cysoing, in the presence of "fratrum meorum Nicolai…de Avesnis et Gossuini advocati Tornacensis", by charter dated to [1174/86], confirmed after the donor´s death by "domna Petronilla uxor eius soror mea et Petrus supradicti Johannis frater"[1110].  The Continuatio Aquicinctina of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1190 of “Evrardus Tornacensis episcopus[1111]

2.         NICOLAS d´Oisy Seigneur d´Avesnes, de Condé et de Leuze.  m MATHILDE de la Roche, widow of THIERRY de Walcourt, daughter of HENRI [I] de Namur Comte de la Roche & his wife Mathilde de Limbourg.  Children: 

a)         JACQUES Seigneur d´Avesnes, de Condé et de Leuze.  m ADELINE de Guise, daughter of BOUCHARD Seigneur de Guise & his wife ---.  Children: 

i)          ADELAIDE d´Avesnesm ENGELBERT [IV] Seigneur d´Enghien.  Children: 

(a)       SOHIER Seigneur d´Enghienm ALIX van Zotteghem, daughter of WALTER Heer van Zotteghem & his wife Richilde de Tournai.  Children: 

(1)       JEAN d´Enghien (-24 Aug 1281).  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis names "Joannes, episcopus Tornacensis" as third son of "Sigerus…de Enghien" and his wife, adding that he was appointed bishop of Liège at the council of Lyon in 1274[1112]Bishop of Tournai 1267.  Bishop of Liège 1274. 

b)         FASTRE d´Avesnesm ---.  Children: 

i)          JACQUES d'Avesnes .  The late 13th century genealogy by Balduinus de Avennis records that "alius…frater domini Nicolai de Flammengeria, filii domini Fastradi" was "clericus et…episcopus Tornacensis"[1113]Bishop of Tournai

 

 

1.         GAUTHIERBishop of Tournai 1220.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that at Reims “dominica ante cineres” 1220 three bishops were consecrated “Iacobus Suessionensis, Godefridus Cameracensis et Galtherus Tornacensis[1114]

 

 

 

1.         GUY d´Auvergne, son of ROBERT [V] Comte d´Auvergne & his wife Eléonore de Baffie (-1336, before 17 Jul).  The testament of "Robertus comes Arverniæ et Boloniæ miles", dated 1276, makes bequests to "Godofredum filium meum clericum…Guidonetum filium alium…Mathildim filiam meam…aliam filiam meam Mariam…dominæ Mathildi sorori meæ"[1115]Bishop of Tournai 1301.  Bishop of Cambrai 1324. 

 

 



[1] Marchegay, P. and Mabille, E. (eds.) (1869) Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou (Paris) Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, p. 374. 

[2] D K II 124, p. 169. 

[3] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber II, XIX, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 176.

[4] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber II, XIX, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 175.

[5] MGH SS XXXVI, p. 176 footnote 16.

[6] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber II, XIX, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 175.

[7] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 44, MGH SS II, p. 599. 

[8] Annales Xantenses, MGH SS II, p. 225. 

[9] Narratio Clericorum Remensium, Du Chesne, A. (1636) Historia Francorum Scriptores (Paris), Tome II, p. 340. 

[10] Gousset, T. (ed.) (1842) Les actes de la province ecclésiastique de Reims, Tome I (Reims), p. 195. 

[11] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber II, XX, MGH SS XXXVI, pp. 187-8.

[12] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber II, XX, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 189. 

[13] Annalista Saxo, 815, MGH SS VI, p. 571. 

[14] Varin, P. (1844) Archives législatives de la ville de Reims (Paris) Seconde Partie, Statuts, Vol. I, p. 73. 

[15] MGH SS XXXVI, p. 243, footnote 23. 

[16] Gallia Christiana, Tome XVI, col. 224. 

[17] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XV, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 244.

[18] Spicilegium, Tome III, p. 343. 

[19] Duchesne, L. (1907) Fastes épiscopaux de l´ancienne Gaule, 2nd Edn. (Paris) Tome I, p. 232. 

[20] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XV, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 243. 

[21] Schrörs, H. (1884) Hinkmar Erzbischof von Reims (Freiburg im Breisgau), no. 87, p. 524. 

[22] MGH Concilia, Tome III, pp. 351 and 365. 

[23] MGH Concilia, Tome III, p. 434. 

[24] MGH Concilia, Tome III, p. 468. 

[25] Marion, J. (ed.) (1869) Cartulaires de l´église cathédrale de Grenoble (Paris) (“Grenoble”), XXVI, p. 63. 

[26] MGH SS XXXVI, p. 243, footnote 23. 

[27] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXVI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 338.

[28] Schrörs (1884), no. 353, p. 544. 

[29] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXVI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 342.

[30] Schrörs (1884), no. 67, p. 522. 

[31] Schrörs (1884), no. 544, p. 559. 

[32] Mabillon, J. (1739) Annales ordinis sancti Benedicti (Paris), Tome II, Lib. XXIX, 823, p. 450, quoting “Hincmar Epist. 26”

[33] Schrörs (1884), p. 10, citing Mansi (1770) Collectio Concilior. (Venice), Tome XVI, 665. 

[34] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, I, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 190.

[35] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, I, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 190.

[36] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[37] Karoli II Conventus Silvacensis, Missi…et pagi… 1, MGH LL 1, p. 426. 

[38] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXX, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 362.

[39] Annales Vedastini, 882, MGH SS I, p. 521. 

[40] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 104. 

[41] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXVIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 357.

[42] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXVIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 357.

[43] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 295.

[44] Annales ordinis sancti Benedicti, Tome II, Lib. XXIX, 823, p. 451, citing “Hincm. opus 33 c.I”

[45] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 276.

[46] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XVIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 258.

[47] Annales Vedastini, 878, MGH SS I, p. 517. 

[48] Schrörs (1884), p. 10, citing Mansi (1770) Collectio Concilior. (Venice), Tome XVI, 834. 

[49] Annales ordinis sancti Benedicti, Tome II, Lib. XXIX, 823, p. 451, citing “Hincm. opus 33 c.I”

[50] Schrörs (1884), p. 10, citing “Opp. II, 413”. 

[51] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, I, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 365.

[52] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 892, MGH SS XXIII, p. 747. 

[53] Guérard, M. (1840) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Saint-Bertin (Paris), Chartularium Sithiense, Pars I, Folquini Lib. II, LVIII, pp. 126-7. 

[54] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, I, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 363.

[55] Reginonis Chronicon 892, MGH SS I, p. 605. 

[56] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 892, MGH SS XXIII, p. 747. 

[57] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, X, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 402.

[58] Annales Vedastini, 900, MGH SS I, p. 531. 

[59] Reginonis Chronicon, 903, MGH SS I, p. 610. 

[60] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 82. 

[61] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, I, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 363.

[62] Annales Vedastini, 900, MGH SS I, p. 531. 

[63] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 403. 

[64] Flodoard 922, MGH SS III, pp. 370-1. 

[65] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 84. 

[66] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XVIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 409.

[67] Flodoard 922, MGH SS III, p. 371. 

[68] Flodoard 925, MGH SS III, p. 375. 

[69] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 81. 

[70] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 90. 

[71] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 81. 

[72] Annales Remenses 932, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[73] Flodoard 940, MGH SS III, p. 387. 

[74] Flodoard 948, MGH SS III, p. 395. 

[75] Flodoard 949, MGH SS III, p. 399. 

[76] Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987, 1ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), p. 227. 

[77] Flodoardi Annales 943, MGH SS III, p. 390. 

[78] Flodoardi Annales 945, MGH SS III, p. 392. 

[79] Flodoardi Annales 947, MGH SS III, p. 394. 

[80] Flodoardi Annales 949, MGH SS III, p. 398. 

[81] Flodoardi Annales 943, MGH SS III, p. 390. 

[82] Flodoardi Annales 945, MGH SS III, p. 392. 

[83] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XXIV, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 416.

[84] Flodoard 931, MGH SS III, p. 380. 

[85] Flodoard 940, MGH SS III, p. 387. 

[86] Flodoardi Annales 943, MGH SS III, p. 389. 

[87] Flodoardi Annales 947, MGH SS III, pp. 394-5. 

[88] Flodoard 961, MGH SS III, p. 405. 

[89] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[90] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 95. 

[91] Flodoardi Annales 943, MGH SS III, p. 389. 

[92] Flodoardi Annales 945, MGH SS III, p. 392. 

[93] Flodoardi Annales 960, MGH SS III, pp. 404-5. 

[94] Le Long, N. (1783) Histoire ecclésiastique et civile du diocèse de Laon (Chalon), Pièces Justificatives, I, Chronique d´Alard de Gennilule abbé de Signy, p. 594. 

[95] ES III 625. 

[96] Ex Historia S. Arnulfi Mettensis, MGH SS XXIV, p. 530. 

[97] Calmet, A. (1748) Histoire de Lorraine (Nancy), Tome II, Preuves, col. cxcvi-cxcviii. 

[98] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. ccvii. 

[99] Flodoard 962, MGH SS III, p. 406. 

[100] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[101] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 98. 

[102] Beyer, H. (ed.) (1860) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der, jetzt die Preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden Mittelrheinischen Territorien (Coblenz), Vol. I, (“Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I”), 212, p. 272. 

[103] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[104] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 160. 

[105] McKitterick, R. (1983) Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians 751-987 (Longman, London and New York), p. 327. 

[106] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[107] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 65. 

[108] D O III 238, p. 655. 

[109] D H II 492, p. 626. 

[110] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 987, MGH SS XXIII, p. 773. 

[111] Hugonis Floriacensis, Historia Francorum Senonensis, MGH SS IX, p. 368. 

[112] Guadet, J. (ed.) (1845) Richeri Historiarum (Paris), IV.XXV and XXVI, pp. 176 and 178. 

[113] Richeri Historiæ IV 49, MGH SS III, p. 642. 

[114] Havet, J. (ed.) (1889) Lettres de Gerbert 983-997 (Paris), 217, p. 203. 

[115] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[116] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[117] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[118] Settipani (1993), pp. 333-4.  

[119] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[120] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 64. 

[121] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 71. 

[122] Watterich, I. M. (1862) Pontificum Romanorum (Leipzig), Tome I, p. 68. 

[123] Richeri Historia, Liber III, 43, MGH SS III, p. 616. 

[124] Richeri Historia, Liber III, 43-4, MGH SS III, p. 617. 

[125] Prou, M. (ed.) (1886) Raoul Glaber (Paris), Liber I, Cap. IV, 13 , p. 15. 

[126] Veterum Analectorum, Tome II, p. 237. 

[127] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[128] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[129] Raoul Glaber (Prou), Liber I, Cap. IV, 13 , p. 15. 

[130] Annales Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[131] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[132] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, cols. 62-3. 

[133] Genealogiæ Fuscniacenses 3, MGH SS XIII, p. 252. 

[134] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Liber III, 25, MGH SS VII, p. 473. 

[135] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1023, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782. 

[136] Moranvillé, H. ‘Origine de la maison de Roucy’, Bibliothèque de l´Ecole des Chartes, Vol. 83 (1922), pp. 40-3. 

[137] RHGF, Tome X, LII, p. 469. 

[138] Chronici Centulensis, Liber IV, Caput III, Spicilegium (1723), Tome II, p. 332. 

[139] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[140] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 80. 

[141] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[142] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[143] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1056, MGH SS XXIII, p. 791. 

[144] Du Chesne, A. (1621) Histoire de la Maison de Chastillon-sur-Marne (Paris) (“Du Chesne (1621) Châtillon”), Preuves, p. 17. 

[145] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 162. 

[146] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 92. 

[147] Société des Archives Historiques du Maine (1905) Cartulaire de Château-du-Loir, Archives historiques du Maine Tome VI (Le Mans) (“Château-du-Loir”), 2, p. 1. 

[148] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[149] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1056, MGH SS XXIII, p. 791. 

[150] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[151] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[152] Château-du-Loir 26, p. 13. 

[153] Busson, G. & Ledru, A. (eds.) (1906) Nécrologe-obituaire de la Cathédrale du Mans, Archives historiques du Maine Tome VII (Le Mans) ("Nécrologe du Mans"), p. 151. 

[154] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 84. 

[155] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1031 and 1070, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 783 and 796. 

[156] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 11, MGH SS XIII, p. 254. 

[157] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1085, MGH SS XXIII, p. 800. 

[158] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 92. 

[159] Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293.  

[160] Narratio Controversæ inter Capitulum S. Martini Turonensis et Radulphum eiusdem urbis Archiepiscopum, RHGF XII, p. 460. 

[161] Broussillon, B. de (ed.) (1903) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Aubin d'Angers (Paris) (“Angers Saint-Aubin”) Tome I, CCXXI, p. 261. 

[162] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 65. 

[163] Le Prévost, A. (1840) Orderici Vitalis Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ (Paris) ("Orderic Vitalis (Prévost)"), Vol. III, Liber VIII, XX, p. 389. 

[164] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1108, MGH SS XXIII, p. 817. 

[165] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[166] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1124, MGH SS VI, p. 449. 

[167] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 162. 

[168] Annales Cameracenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 513. 

[169] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. IV, Liber XII, XLII, p. 465. 

[170] Annales Cameracenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 513. 

[171] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1124, MGH SS VI, p. 449. 

[172] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[173] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 162. 

[174] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1130, MGH SS VI, p. 451. 

[175] Broussillon, B. de (1900) Cartulaire de l´Evêché du Mans (936-1790) (Le Mans) (“Evêché du Mans”), 53, p. 8. 

[176] Depoin, J. (1895) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Saint-Martin de Pontoise (Pontoise) ("Pontoise Saint-Martin") Fascicule 3, Appendix, p. 254, quoting Collection Baluze, t. XXXVIII, fol. 29. 

[177] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1130, MGH SS VI, p. 451. 

[178] Pontoise Saint-Martin, Fascicule 3, Appendix, p. 255, quoting Bibl. de Rouen, Cartulaire de Fécamp, fol. XXIII v. 

[179] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 162. 

[180] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[181] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 162. 

[182] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1161, MGH SS VI, p. 397. 

[183] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Bellovacense 1163, MGH SS VI, p. 463. 

[184] Chibnall, M. (ed. and trans.) The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis (Oxford Medieval Texts, 1969-80), Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 155. 

[185] Kerrebrouck, P. Van (2000) Les Capétiens 987-1328 (Villeneuve d'Asq), p. 81. 

[186] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1161, MGH SS VI, p. 397. 

[187] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1161, MGH SS VI, p. 397. 

[188] Delisle, L. (ed.) (1872) Chronique de Robert de Torigni, abbé de Mont-Saint-Michel (Rouen), Vol. II, p. 59. 

[189] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 331.       

[190] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1152, MGH SS XXIII, p. 841. 

[191] RHC, Historiens occidentaux I, Historia Rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("L'estoire de Eracles Empereur et la conqueste de la terre d'Outremer"), (“WT”) XXII.IV, p. 1068. 

[192] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 62. 

[193] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1176, MGH SS VI, p. 415. 

[194] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 84. 

[195] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1203, MGH SS XXIII, p. 881. 

[196] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1204, MGH SS XXIII, p. 884. 

[197] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1204, MGH SS XXIII, p. 884. 

[198] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 84. 

[199] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 84. 

[200] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1205, MGH SS XXIII, p. 886. 

[201] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 163. 

[202] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 163. 

[203] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 84. 

[204] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1207, MGH SS XXIII, p. 887. 

[205] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 85. 

[206] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1218, MGH SS XXIII, p. 907. 

[207] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 104. 

[208] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1201, MGH SS XXIII, p. 879. 

[209] Lalore, C. (ed.) (1869) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Boulancourt (Troyes) (“Boulancourt”), p. 54. 

[210] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1208, MGH SS XXIII, p. 889. 

[211] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1219, MGH SS XXIII, p. 909. 

[212] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 85. 

[213] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1226, MGH SS XXIII, p. 918. 

[214] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 85. 

[215] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 852. 

[216] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1227, MGH SS XXIII, p. 919. 

[217] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 85. 

[218] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1240, MGH SS XXIII, p. 948. 

[219] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 86. 

[220] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Obituaire de Notre-Dame de Paris, p. 228.       

[221] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 84. 

[222] Annales S. Nicasii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 86. 

[223] Du Chesne, A. (1631) Preuves de l´Histoire des maisons de Guines, d´Ardres, Gand et Coucy (Paris) (“Du Chesne (1631), Guines, Preuves”), p. 383. 

[224] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 69. 

[225] Quantin, M. (1873) Recueil de pièces pour faire suite au Cartulaire Général de l´Yonne, XIII siècle (Auxerre, Paris) (“Yonne (suite)”), 382, p. 171. 

[226] Yonne (suite), 690, p. 348. 

[227] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 97. 

[228] Soyez, E. (1878) Notice sur les évêques d´Amiens (Amiens), Introduction, pp. viii-x. 

[229] Fragmentum Chronici Fontanellensis, 851, MGH SS II, p. 303. 

[230] His name does not appear in the indexes of the first four volumes of the MGH SS series nor in RHGF, other than quoted in this section.  

[231] Epistolæ Lupi Abbatis Ferrariensis, XL, RHGF, Tome VII, p. 503

[232] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 20, p. 203. 

[233] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[234] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[235] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 31, p. 264. 

[236] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 33, p. 351. 

[237] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 3, p. 20. 

[238] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 10, p. 113. 

[239] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 18, p. 167. 

[240] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, III, col. 149. 

[241] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 29, p. 330. 

[242] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[243] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[244] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[245] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1160. 

[246] Annales Lobienses 771, MGH SS XIII, p. 228. 

[247] Soyez (1878), p. 28. 

[248] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, VIII, col. 10. 

[249] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 404.

[250] Flodoard 928, MGH SS III, p. 378. 

[251] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1160. 

[252] Flodoard 929, MGH SS III, p. 378. 

[253] Flodoard 946, MGH SS III, p. 393. 

[254] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XXXIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 425.

[255] Flodoard 947, MGH SS III, p. 394. 

[256] Flodoard 949, MGH SS III, p. 398. 

[257] Soyez (1878), p. 32. 

[258] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1161. 

[259] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XIII, col. 17. 

[260] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1161. 

[261] Yepes, A. de (1624) Chroniques générales de l´ordre de Saint-Benoît (Paris), Tome II, p. 855. 

[262] Soyez (1878), p. 31. 

[263] Flodoard 949, MGH SS III, p. 398. 

[264] Flodoard 950, MGH SS III, p. 399. 

[265] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1161. 

[266] Soyez (1878), p. 32. 

[267] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1161. 

[268] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, III, col. 282. 

[269] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1162. 

[270] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1162. 

[271] RHGF, Tome X, XIX, p. 591. 

[272] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1162. 

[273] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. III, 34, MGH SS VII, p. 479. 

[274] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1162. 

[275] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 77. 

[276] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, II, col. 96. 

[277] Cartulaire du chapitre de la cathédrale d´Amiens, Tome I, Mémoires de la société des antiquaires de la Picardie, Tome XIV (Amiens, 1905) ("Amiens"), 3, p. 7. 

[278] Chronicon Hariulfi monachis S. Richarii Centulensis, cap. XXXVI, Lib. IV, Spicilegium, Tome IV, p. 615. 

[279] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XX, col. 22. 

[280] Prou, M. (1908) Receuil des actes de Philippe I roi de France (1059-1108) (Paris), XXII, p. 59. 

[281] Prou (1908), XVIII, p. 51. 

[282] Prou (1908), XXV, p. 70. 

[283] Barlow, F. (ed. and trans) (1999) The Carmen de Hastingæ Prœlio of Guy Bishop of Amiens (Oxford Medieval Texts). 

[284] Prou (1908), XXX, p. 91. 

[285] Prou (1908), LX, p. 155. 

[286] Prou (1908), LXXXIV, p. 217. 

[287] Soyez (1878), p. 40. 

[288] Prou (1908), CX, p. 279. 

[289] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, XII, col. 293. 

[290] Prou (1908), CLXXV, p. 425. 

[291] Annales Benedicti, Tome V, Appendix, LXIX, p. 676. 

[292] Prarond, E. (ed.) (1899) Chronicon Centulense ou Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, traduction d'Hariulfe par le Marquis Le Ver (Abbeville) ("Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier") IV.XIII, p. 219. 

[293] Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, IV.XIV, p. 221. 

[294] Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, IV.XIII and XV, pp. 219 and 223. 

[295] Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, IV.XXXV and XXXVI, pp. 282 and 287-8. 

[296] Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, IV.XIV, p. 221. 

[297] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1167. 

[298] Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, IV.XXXIV, p. 282. 

[299] Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, IV.XXXVI, p. 293. 

[300] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, XI, col. 103. 

[301] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, XIII, col. 294. 

[302] Amiens, I, 10, p. 15

[303] Roze, Abbé ‘Nécrologe de l´église d´Amiens’, Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de Picardie, Tome XXVIII (Paris, 1885) (“Amiens Necrology”), p. 311. 

[304] Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, IV.XXXVI, p. 282. 

[305] Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, IV.XIV, p. 221. 

[306] Soyez (1878), pp. 43-4. 

[307] Estienne, J. ‘Chartes de saint Geoffroi évêque d´Amiens (1105-1112)’, Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Chartes, Tome 90 (1929), I, p. 44. 

[308] Estienne ‘Chartes de saint Geoffroi’ (1929), II, p. 46. 

[309] Amiens, I, 11, p. 17. 

[310] Estienne ‘Chartes de saint Geoffroi’ (1929), III, p. 49. 

[311] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 386. 

[312] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1172. 

[313] Soyez (1878), p. 51. 

[314] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, XXI, col. 303. 

[315] Amiens I, 12, p. 18. 

[316] Amiens I, 13, p. 19. 

[317] Amiens Necrology, p. 349. 

[318] Soyez (1878), p. 52. 

[319] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1175. 

[320] Amiens I, 13, p. 19. 

[321] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, XXIII, col. 304. 

[322] Amiens I, 18, p. 26. 

[323] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1175. 

[324] Amiens I, 19, p. 28. 

[325] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, XXX, col. 309. 

[326] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Nicolai Ambianensis 1152, MGH SS VI, p. 474. 

[327] Soyez (1878), p. 59. 

[328] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1177. 

[329] Amiens I, 45, p. 64. 

[330] Amiens Necrology, p. 338. 

[331] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 1177. 

[332] Amiens I, 44, p. 63. 

[333] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, XLI, col. 319. 

[334] Durand, G. ‘Richard de Gerberoy, évêque d´amiens. Ce qu’on peut savoir de son œuvre littéraire’, Bibliothèque de l´Ecole des Chartes, Tome 99 (1938), p. 270, citing Salmon, C. (1861) Histoire de Saint-Firmin, p. 183, and Durand, G. (1903) Monogr...cathédrale d´Amiens, Tome II, p. 42 [not yet consulted]. 

[335] Amiens Necrology, p. 342. 

[336] Amiens Necrology, p. 350. 

[337] Amiens I, 45, p. 64. 

[338] Amiens I, 68, p. 95. 

[339] Amiens I, 79, p. 105. 

[340] Innocentius III Regestorum sive Epistolarium 1203-1208, XLV, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 215, col. 605. 

[341] Amiens I, 118, p. 155. 

[342] Amiens I, 124, p. 161. 

[343] Amiens I, 130, p. 171. 

[344] Amiens Necrology, p. 349. 

[345] Durand ‘Richard de Gerberoy’, (1938), p. 272. 

[346] Amiens I, 68, p. 95. 

[347] Amiens I, 137, p. 179. 

[348] Amiens I, 142, p. 183. 

[349] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 943. 

[350] Durand ‘Richard de Gerberoy’, (1938), p. 273 (no primary source citation reference). 

[351] Amiens Necrology, p. 297. 

[352] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 943. 

[353] Fanien, P. (1868) Histoire du chapitre d´Arras (Arras), p. 68. 

[354] Loisne, A. de (ed.) (1897) Le Cartulaire du chapitre d´Arras (Arras) ("Arras Chapitre") 2, p. 2. 

[355] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Manasses et Walcheri, 1, 2, 3, MGH SS VII, p. 500. 

[356] Fanien (1868), p. 125. 

[357] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Manasses et Walcheri, 1, 2, 3, MGH SS VII, p. 500. 

[358] Annales Cameracenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 512. 

[359] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1115, MGH SS VI, p. 448. 

[360] Fanien (1868), p. 140. 

[361] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1115, MGH SS VI, p. 448. 

[362] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber II, XV, p. 226. 

[363] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1131, MGH SS VI, p. 395. 

[364] Annales Aquicinctini, MGH SS XVI, p. 504. 

[365] Fanien (1868), p. 142. 

[366] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1131, MGH SS VI, p. 395. 

[367] Guizot, M. (1825) Histoire des croisades par Foulcher de Chartres, Histoire de la croisade de Louis VII par Odon de Deuil (Paris), Odon de Deuil, Livre II, p. 298. 

[368] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1148, MGH SS VI, p. 453. 

[369] Odon de Deuil, Livre III, pp. 310-1. 

[370] Fanien (1868), p. 150. 

[371] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Tertia, XI, p. 332. 

[372] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis 65, MGH SS XXIV, p. 711. 

[373] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1151, MGH SS VI, p. 455. 

[374] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis 65, MGH SS XXIV, p. 711. 

[375] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1173, MGH SS VI, p. 414. 

[376] Fanien (1868), p. 159. 

[377] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1173, 1174, MGH SS VI, p. 414. 

[378] Fanien (1868), p. 160. 

[379] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1174, MGH SS VI, p. 414. 

[380] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1221, MGH SS XXIII, p. 912. 

[381] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1221, MGH SS XXIII, p. 912. 

[382] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1231, MGH SS XXIII, p. 929. 

[383] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1231, MGH SS XXIII, p. 929. 

[384] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 1, p. 5. 

[385] Louvet, P. (1635) Histoire et antiquitéz du pays de Beauvaisis (Beauvais), Tome II, p. 137. 

[386] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 13, p. 147. 

[387] Hincmar De prædestinatione, c. 2, Patrologia Latina, Tome 125, p. 85. 

[388] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 20, p. 203. 

[389] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[390] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[391] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 31, p. 264. 

[392] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 33, p. 351. 

[393] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 47, p. 462. 

[394] Annales Bertiniani, Prudentii Trecensis Annales, 859, MGH SS I, p. 453. 

[395] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 698. 

[396] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 6, p. 55. 

[397] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 10, p. 113. 

[398] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 18, p. 167. 

[399] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 19, p. 173. 

[400] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 23, p. 220. 

[401] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 276.

[402] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 24, p. 238. 

[403] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, III, col. 149. 

[404] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 29, p. 330. 

[405] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[406] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[407] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 699. 

[408] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 700. 

[409] Veterum Scriptorum, Tome I, col. 662. 

[410] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, VIII, col. 10. 

[411] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 702. 

[412] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 171. 

[413] Flodoard 921, MGH SS III, p. 369. 

[414] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 703. 

[415] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 171. 

[416] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 171. 

[417] Flodoard 933, MGH SS III, p. 381. 

[418] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 171. 

[419] Lair, J. (ed.) (1865) De moribus et actis primorum Normanniæ Ducum auctore Dudone Sancti Quintini decano (Caen) (“Dudo de Saint-Quentin”), Liber II, 89, p. 246. 

[420] Flodoard 948, MGH SS III, p. 396. 

[421] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XIII, col. 17. 

[422] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 703. 

[423] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, III, col. 282. 

[424] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 175. 

[425] Annales ordinis sancti Benedicti, Tome IV, Lib. LXXV, 998, p. 113

[426] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 174. 

[427] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 705. 

[428] RHGF X, XLVI, p. 617. 

[429] RHGF X, p. 553. 

[430] RHGF X, p. 553. 

[431] Vita Domini Burchardi venerabilis comitis, RHGF X, p. 354. 

[432] RHGF, Tome X, XIX, p. 591. 

[433] Labande, L. H. (1892) Histoire de Beauvais et de ses institutions comunales jusqu´au commencement du XV siècle (Paris), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 259. 

[434] Sigebertus auctarium Bellovacense, MGH SS VI, p. 461. 

[435] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1015, MGH SS XXIII, p. 780. 

[436] Labande (1892), p. 30, citing Martyr. Belvac

[437] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Bellovacense 1024, MGH SS VI, p. 461. 

[438] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 188. 

[439] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 188. 

[440] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, II, col. 96. 

[441] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 192. 

[442] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 709. 

[443] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 199. 

[444] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XXI, col. 24. 

[445] Prou (1908), XXII, p. 59. 

[446] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Bellovacense 1067, MGH SS VI, p. 461. 

[447] Prou (1908), XXIX, p. 86. 

[448] Prou (1908), LX, p. 155. 

[449] Prou (1908), LXXVIII, p. 197. 

[450] Prou (1908), CX, p. 279. 

[451] Louvet (1635), Tome II, p. 198. 

[452] Prou (1908), CLXXV, p. 425. 

[453] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, XI, col. 103. 

[454] Labande (1892), p. 55, citing Martyr. Belvac

[455] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Bellovacensis, XI, col. 248. 

[456] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1103, MGH SS XXIII, p. 815. 

[457] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1103, MGH SS XXIII, p. 815. 

[458] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Bellovacensis, XV, col. 250. 

[459] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Bellovacensis, XVII, col. 251. 

[460] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Bellovacensis, XVIII, col. 251. 

[461] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Bellovacensis, XXI, col. 254. 

[462] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Bellovacensis, XXVII, col. 256. 

[463] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Bellovacense 1148, MGH SS VI, p. 463. 

[464] Ex Chronico Mauriniacensi, II, RHGF XII, p. 76. 

[465] Listed in Arbois de Jubainville, H. d´ (1860) Histoire des ducs et des comtes de Champagne (Paris), Tome II, pp. 274-5. 

[466] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 155. 

[467] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 81. 

[468] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1161, MGH SS VI, p. 397. 

[469] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1161, MGH SS VI, p. 397. 

[470] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 59. 

[471] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 331.       

[472] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 16, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[473] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1161, MGH SS VI, p. 397. 

[474] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[475] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1162, MGH SS XXIII, p. 846. 

[476] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1180, MGH SS XXIII, p. 856. 

[477] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1219, MGH SS XXIII, p. 909. 

[478] WT XXI.XXX, p. 1058. 

[479] Robert de Torigny, Tome II, p. 62. 

[480] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 906. 

[481] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1219, MGH SS XXIII, p. 908. 

[482] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1230, MGH SS XXIII, p. 927. 

[483] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1234, MGH SS XXIII, p. 936. 

[484] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1234, MGH SS XXIII, p. 936. 

[485] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1236, MGH SS XXIII, p. 940. 

[486] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1236, MGH SS XXIII, p. 940. 

[487] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 1, p. 5. 

[488] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 13, p. 147. 

[489] Hincmar De prædestinatione, c. 2, Patrologia Latina, Tome 125, p. 85. 

[490] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[491] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[492] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium I, 50, MGH SS VII, p. 418. 

[493] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium I, 51, MGH SS VII, p. 419. 

[494] Annales Bertiniani 864, MGH SS I, p. 465. 

[495] Annales Bertiniani 866, MGH SS I, p. 471. 

[496] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 24, p. 238. 

[497] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, III, col. 149. 

[498] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 29, p. 330. 

[499] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[500] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 276.

[501] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[502] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 60, MGH SS VII, p. 422. 

[503] Annales Vedastini, 887, MGH SS I, p. 525. 

[504] Annales Vedastini, 888, MGH SS I, p. 525. 

[505] Veterum Scriptorum, Tome I, col. 662. 

[506] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, VIII, col. 10. 

[507] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 404.

[508] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 66, 69, MGH SS VII, pp. 424, 426. 

[509] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 69, MGH SS VII, p. 426. 

[510] Flodoard 933, MGH SS III, p. 381. 

[511] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 70, MGH SS VII, p. 426. 

[512] Flodoard 956, MGH SS III, p. 403. 

[513] Flodoard 956, MGH SS III, p. 403. 

[514] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium I,80 , MGH SS VII, p. 431. 

[515] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 84, MGH SS VII, p. 432. 

[516] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 85, MGH SS VII, p. 432. 

[517] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 88, MGH SS VII, p. 433. 

[518] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 88, MGH SS VII, p. 433. 

[519] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 89, MGH SS VII, p. 433. 

[520] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XIII, col. 17. 

[521] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 102, MGH SS VII, p. 443. 

[522] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 110, MGH SS VII, p. 448. 

[523] Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (2002) Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166. II. Pipe Rolls to Cartæ Baronum (Boydell) (“Domesday Descendants”), p. 652. 

[524] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 109, MGH SS VII, p. 448. 

[525] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 117, 118, 119, MGH SS VII, p. 453. 

[526] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. I, 121, MGH SS VII, p. 454. 

[527] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1002, MGH SS XXIII, p. 778. 

[528] Miraculis Sancti Gengulfi 6, MGH SS XV.2, p. 792. 

[529] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium, Lib. III, 1, MGH SS VII, p. 465. 

[530] Vita Balderici episcopi Leodiensis 5, MGH SS IV, p. 726. 

[531] D H II 387, p. 493. 

[532] Du Chesne, A. (1639) Histoire généalogique de la maison de Béthune (Paris), Preuves, p. 4. 

[533] Chronicon S. Andreæ Castri Cameracesii, Liber II, 12, MGH SS VII, p. 533. 

[534] MGH SS VII, p. 489, footnote 67 quoting Necrologium beatæ Mariæ Cameracensis, in bibl. Camerac. n. 219. 

[535] MGH SS VII, p. 489, footnote 67 quoting Necrologium beatæ Mariæ Cameracensis, in bibl. Camerac. n. 219. 

[536] Du Chesne (1639) Béthune, Preuves, p. 4. 

[537] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Lietberti Episcopi, 1, MGH SS VII, p. 489. 

[538] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XX, col. 22. 

[539] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1076, MGH SS VI, p. 393. 

[540] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Lietberti Episcopi, 24, MGH SS VII, p. 497. 

[541] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Gerardi II Episcopi, 1, MGH SS VII, p. 497. 

[542] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1076, MGH SS VI, p. 393. 

[543] Prou (1908), CX, p. 279. 

[544] Prou (1908), CLXXV, p. 425. 

[545] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1092, MGH SS VI, p. 394. 

[546] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Gerardi II Episcopi, 9, MGH SS VII, p. 500. 

[547] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Manasses et Walcheri, 7, MGH SS VII, p. 502. 

[548] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1092, MGH SS VI, p. 394. 

[549] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Pontificum abbreviata per canonicum Cameracensem, 10, 11, MGH SS VII, p. 506. 

[550] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1095, MGH SS VI, p. 394. 

[551] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 12, MGH SS XIII, p. 254. 

[552] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Manasses et Walcheri, 1, 2, 3, MGH SS VII, p. 500. 

[553] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Pontificum abbreviata per canonicum Cameracensem, 8, MGH SS VII, p. 505. 

[554] Chronicon S. Andreæ Castri Cameracesii, Liber II, 19, MGH SS VII, p. 544. 

[555] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1095, MGH SS VI, p. 394. 

[556] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1105, MGH SS VI, p. 395. 

[557] Gesta Galcheri Episcopi Cameracensis, 28, MGH SS XIV, p. 204. 

[558] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 355. 

[559] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Pontificum abbreviata per canonicum Cameracensem, 11, MGH SS VII, p. 505. 

[560] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1105, MGH SS VI, p. 395. 

[561] Chronicon S. Andreæ Castri Cameracesii, Liber II, 28, MGH SS VII, p. 546. 

[562] Annales Aquicinctini, MGH SS XVI, p. 504. 

[563] Chronicon S. Andreæ Castri Cameracesii, Liber II, 29, MGH SS VII, p. 546. 

[564] Chronicon S. Andreæ Castri Cameracesii, Liber II, 36, MGH SS VII, p. 549. 

[565] Annales Aquicinctini, MGH SS XVI, p. 504. 

[566] Annales Cameracenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 513. 

[567] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1127, MGH SS VI, p. 449. 

[568] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1127, MGH SS VI, p. 449. 

[569] Annales Cameracenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 513. 

[570] Reiffenberg, Baron de (1848) Monuments pour servir à l´histoire des provinces de Namur, de Hainaut et de Luxembourg (Brussels), Tome VIII, p. 361 (French translation of the charter, no citation reference for the original). 

[571] ES XIII 135 B. 

[572] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1166, MGH SS VI, p. 398. 

[573] Annales Cameracenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 514. 

[574] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana, Continuatio Leidensis et Divionensis, MGH SS IX, p. 307, and Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana, Continuatio Leidensis et Divionensis (Cod. Divion. et Cisterc. addunt), MGH SS IX, p. 307. 

[575] Flandria Generosa (Continuatio Bruxellensis), MGH SS IX, p. 325.   

[576] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1175, MGH SS XXIII, p. 855. 

[577] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1166, MGH SS VI, p. 398. 

[578] Nicholas, D. (1992) Medieval Flanders (Longman), p. 72. 

[579] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 65. 

[580] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1174, MGH SS VI, p. 414. 

[581] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1174, MGH SS VI, p. 415. 

[582] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 84. 

[583] Historiæ Anglicanæ Scriptores X (1652), Radulphus de Diceto, Abbreviationes Chronicorum, col. 515. 

[584] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1174, MGH SS VI, p. 415. 

[585] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1177, MGH SS VI, p. 417. 

[586] Toussaint du Plessis (1731) Histoire de l´Eglise de Meaux (Paris), Tome II, Pièces justificatives, XCII, p. 49. 

[587] Toussaints du Plessis (1731), Tome II, Pièces justificatives, CV, p. 54. 

[588] Peigné-Delacourt, M. (ed.) (1865) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Notre-Dame d'Ourscamp (Amiens) ("Ourscamp Notre-Dame") DCCCXVII, p. 494. 

[589] Toussaints du Plessis (1731), Tome II, Pièces justificatives, CXXI, p. 60. 

[590] Sigeberti Continuatio Aquicinctina 1178, MGH SS VI, p. 417. 

[591] Fanien (1868), p. 162. 

[592] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1192, MGH SS XXIII, p. 869. 

[593] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 505. 

[594] Duvivier, C. (1903) Actes et documents anciens interéssant la Belgique, Nouvelle série (Brussels), 45, p. 87. 

[595] Duvivier (1903), 69, p. 141. 

[596] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1196, MGH SS XXIII, p. 874. 

[597] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1200, MGH SS XXIII, p. 877. 

[598] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Faversham Abbey, Kent, X, p. 575. 

[599] Foppens, J. F. (1734) Diplomatum Belgicorum nova collectio, sive supplementum ad opera diplomatica Auberti Miræi (Brussels), Tome III, Pars IV, XV, p. 574. 

[600] Foppens (1734), Tome III, Pars II, LXXIII, p. 360. 

[601] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1200, MGH SS XXIII, p. 877. 

[602] Michel, F. (1840) Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d´Angleterre (Paris), p. 92. 

[603] Du Chesne, A. (1639) Histoire généalogique de la maison de Béthune (Paris), Preuves, p. 69 (marked 59). 

[604] Miraeus (Le Mire), A. (1723) Opera diplomatica et historica, 2nd edn. (Louvain), Tome I, Notitia Ecclesiarum Belgii, CXXVIII, p. 725. 

[605] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1220, MGH SS XXIII, p. 910. 

[606] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 940. 

[607] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 940. 

[608] Saint-Genois (1782), Tome I, p. 573. 

[609] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, p. 563. 

[610] Baluze, S. (1708) Histoire généalogique de la maison d´Auvergne (Paris) ("Baluze (1708) Auvergne"), Tome II, p. 114. 

[611] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 180. 

[612] Lecoy de la Marche, A. (1863) Exécution du testament d´Amedée III Comte de Genevois en 1371 (Paris), p. 12. 

[613] Annalista Saxo, 781, MGH SS VI, p. 560. 

[614] Annalista Saxo, 781, MGH SS VI, p. 560. 

[615] Annalista Saxo, 809, MGH SS VI, p. 567. 

[616] Annalista Saxo, 781, MGH SS VI, p. 560. 

[617] Annalista Saxo, 803, MGH SS VI, p. 565. 

[618] Annalista Saxo, 827, MGH SS VI, p. 573. 

[619] Annalista Saxo, 827, MGH SS VI, p. 573. 

[620] MGH Concilia, Tome II, Part II, p. 605. 

[621] Narratio Clericorum Remensium, Du Chesne Historia Francorum Scriptores, Tome II, p. 340. 

[622] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 1, p. 5. 

[623] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 10, p. 60. 

[624] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 9, p. 54. 

[625] Hincmar De prædestinatione, c. 2, Patrologia Latina, Tome 125, p. 85. 

[626] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[627] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[628] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 47, p. 462. 

[629] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 3, p. 20. 

[630] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 6, p. 55. 

[631] Hincmari Remenis Annales, 865, MGH SS I, p. 469. 

[632] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 18, p. 167. 

[633] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 19, p. 173. 

[634] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 23, p. 220. 

[635] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 24, p. 238. 

[636] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 10, p. 113. 

[637] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, III, col. 149. 

[638] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, III, col. 149. 

[639] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 29, p. 330. 

[640] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[641] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[642] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 276.

[643] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 313.

[644] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 868. 

[645] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 317.

[646] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, IX, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 400.

[647] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, III, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 378.

[648] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, VI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 395.

[649] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, VIII, col. 10. 

[650] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 404.

[651] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 870. 

[652] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 868. 

[653] RHGF IX, LXVIII, p. 534. 

[654] Flodoard 931, MGH SS III, p. 380. 

[655] Flodoard 932, MGH SS III, p. 380. 

[656] Flodoard 947, MGH SS III, p. 394. 

[657] Vita Mathildis Reginæ 2, MGH SS IV, p. 285. 

[658] ES II 104. 

[659] Reginonis Chronicon 882, MGH SS I, p. 593. 

[660] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium I,80 , MGH SS VII, p. 431. 

[661] RHGF IX, XXXVII, p. 504. 

[662] RHGF IX, LXVIII, p. 534. 

[663] Flodoard Annales 956, MGH SS III, p. 403. 

[664] McKitterick, R. (1983) Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians 751-987 (Longman, London and New York), p. 308. 

[665] Settipani (1993), p. 325 footnote 324. 

[666] RHGF IX, LXV, p. 531. 

[667] RHGF IX, LXIX, p. 536. 

[668] Flodoard 956, MGH SS III, p. 403. 

[669] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium I,80 , MGH SS VII, p. 431. 

[670] Flodoard 931, MGH SS III, p. 380. 

[671] Flodoard 932, MGH SS III, p. 380. 

[672] Flodoard 947, MGH SS III, p. 394. 

[673] Abbé E. Bougaud (ed.) (1875) Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Bénigne de Dijon (Dijon) ("Chronicle St-Bénigne de Dijon"), p. 127. 

[674] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XIII, col. 17. 

[675] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, III, col. 282. 

[676] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 997, MGH SS XXIII, p. 776. 

[677] Bouchard, C. B. (1987) Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy 980-1198 (Cornell University Press), p. 322. 

[678] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 997 and 1004, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 776 and 778. 

[679] RHGF, Tome X, XIX, p. 591. 

[680] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 488. 

[681] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1009, MGH SS XXIII, p. 779. 

[682] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 488. 

[683] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1042, MGH SS XXIII, p. 787. 

[684] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 488. 

[685] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1042, MGH SS XXIII, p. 787. 

[686] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XX, col. 22. 

[687] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, VII, col. 154. 

[688] Prou (1908), XX, p. 57. 

[689] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, pp. 490 and 491. 

[690] Iacobi de Guisia Annales Hanoniæ XV.II and XV.III, MGH SS XXX Part 1, pp. 190 and 191, footnote 15 on the latter page specifying the date "1066". 

[691] Prou (1908), XXX, p. 91. 

[692] Prou (1908), XXXIX, p. 110. 

[693] Prou (1908), LX, p. 155. 

[694] Prou (1908), CX, p. 279. 

[695] Prou (1908), CLXXV, p. 425. 

[696] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, XI, col. 157. 

[697] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 488. 

[698] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1093, MGH SS XXIII, p. 802. 

[699] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1062, MGH SS XXIII, p. 793. 

[700] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1093, MGH SS XXIII, p. 802. 

[701] Lalore, C. (ed.) (1875) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Loup de Troyes, Collection des principaux cartularies du diocèse de Troyes Tome I (Paris) ("Troyes Saint-Loup") 3, p. 11. 

[702] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[703] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1100, MGH SS XXIII, p. 814. 

[704] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[705] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1100, MGH SS XXIII, p. 814. 

[706] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[707] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1113, MGH SS XXIII, p. 819. 

[708] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[709] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1113, MGH SS XXIII, p. 819. 

[710] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[711] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1121, MGH SS XXIII, p. 824. 

[712] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 13, MGH SS XIII, p. 254. 

[713] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[714] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1121, MGH SS XXIII, p. 824. 

[715] D´Arbois de Jubainville, H. ´Les premiers seigneurs de Ramerupt´, Bibliothèque de l´école des chartes, Tome XXII (1861), Pièces Justificatives, II, p. 456. 

[716] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[717] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1126, MGH SS XXIII, p. 826. 

[718] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1126, MGH SS XXIII, p. 826. 

[719] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[720] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1127, MGH SS XXIII, p. 828. 

[721] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1131, MGH SS XXIII, p. 830. 

[722] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1143, MGH SS VI, p. 452. 

[723] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[724] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1143, MGH SS XXIII, p. 837. 

[725] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[726] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1143, MGH SS XXIII, p. 837. 

[727] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1143, MGH SS VI, p. 452. 

[728] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1146, MGH SS VI, p. 453. 

[729] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[730] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1147, MGH SS XXIII, p. 839. 

[731] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[732] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1147, MGH SS XXIII, p. 839. 

[733] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[734] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1151, MGH SS XXIII, p. 841. 

[735] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1151, MGH SS XXIII, p. 841. 

[736] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[737] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[738] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[739] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1161, MGH SS XXIII, p. 845. 

[740] Quantin, M. (ed.) (1860) Cartulaire general de l'Yonne (Auxerre), Tome I, CCLI, p. 402. 

[741] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[742] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1163, MGH SS XXIII, p. 846. 

[743] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1107, MGH SS XXIII, p. 818. 

[744] Delaborde, H. F. (1894) Jean de Joinville et les seigneurs de Joinville suivi d'un catalogue de leurs actes (Paris) (“Seigneurs de Joinville, Actes”), 28, p. 248, citing Arch. nat. L 1045, no. 1, and Gallia Christiana, VII, instrumenta, col 192-193. 

[745] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 489. 

[746] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1163, MGH SS XXIII, p. 847. 

[747] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1163, MGH SS XXIII, p. 847. 

[748] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 490. 

[749] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1190, MGH SS XXIII, p. 866. 

[750] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis, MGH SS XVI, p. 490. 

[751] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1190, MGH SS XXIII, p. 866. 

[752] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1201, MGH SS XXIII, p. 879. 

[753] Annales Sancti Petri Catalaunensis Continuatio, MGH SS XVI, p. 490. 

[754] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 904. 

[755] Société Historique et Archéologique de l'Orne (1889) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Notre-Dame de la Trappe (Alençon) (“Notre-Dame de la Trappe”), II, p. 451. 

[756] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye des Clairets, p. 281.       

[757] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1226, MGH SS XXIII, p. 918. 

[758] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1203, MGH SS XXIII, p. 882. 

[759] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 904. 

[760] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 904. 

[761] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1226, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 917-8. 

[762] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1228, MGH SS XXIII, p. 922. 

[763] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1237, MGH SS XXIII, p. 940. 

[764] Balduinus de Avennis Genealogia, RHGF XIII, p. 562. 

[765] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1239, MGH SS XXIII, p. 944. 

[766] Annales Dervenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 490. 

[767] Annales Dervenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 490. 

[768] Lupi Abbatis Ferrariensis Epistolæ, XXXVI, XXXIX, RHGF, Tome VII, p. 501, 502. 

[769] Hincmar De prædestinatione, c. 2, Patrologia Latina, Tome 125, p. 85. 

[770] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 20, p. 203. 

[771] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[772] Hincmari Remenis Annales, 865, MGH SS I, p. 469. 

[773] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 295.

[774] Annales ordinis sancti Benedicti, Tome II, Lib. XXIX, 823, p. 451, citing “Hincm. opus 33 c.I”

[775] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[776] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 276.

[777] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XVIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 258.

[778] Annales Vedastini, 878, MGH SS I, p. 517. 

[779] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 404.

[780] Flodoard 921, MGH SS III, p. 369. 

[781] Flodoard 921, MGH SS III, p. 369. 

[782] Flodoard 930, MGH SS III, p. 379. 

[783] Flodoard 930, MGH SS III, p. 379. 

[784] Flodoard 932, MGH SS III, p. 381. 

[785] Flodoard 932, MGH SS III, p. 381. 

[786] Flodoard 936, MGH SS III, p. 383. 

[787] Vanderkindere, L. ‘A propos d´une charte de Baldéric d’Utrecht’, Académie royale de Belgique (1900) Bulletin de la Classe des Lettres et des Sciences Morales et Politiques (Bruxelles), p. 46. 

[788] MGH Poetæ Latini medii ævi, V.1, Die Ottonenzeit, Grabschriften, p. 295. 

[789] Flodoard 936, MGH SS III, p. 383. 

[790] Flodoard 948, MGH SS III, p. 396. 

[791] Flodoard 948, MGH SS III, p. 398. 

[792] Genealogiæ Comitum Flandriæ, Witgeri Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis MGH SS IX, p. 303. 

[793] Flodoard 949, MGH SS III, p. 398. 

[794] Flodoard (Continuator) 976, MGH SS III, p. 407. 

[795] Gerbert 58, p. 56. 

[796] Flodoard (Continuator) 977, MGH SS III, p. 408. 

[797] McKitterick (1983), p. 327. 

[798] RHGF, Tome X, XIX, p. 591. 

[799] Sœhnée, F. (ed.) (1907) Catalogue des actes d´Henri I roi de France (Paris), 16, p. 13. 

[800] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XX, col. 22. 

[801] Prou (1908), XI, p. 32. 

[802] Prou (1908), XX, p. 57. 

[803] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1112, MGH SS XXIII, p. 819. 

[804] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1112, MGH SS XXIII, p. 819. 

[805] Sigeberti Continuatio Auctarium Laudunense 1104, MGH SS VI, p. 445. 

[806] Sigeberti Continuatio Auctarium Laudunense 1104, MGH SS VI, p. 445. 

[807] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[808] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1112, MGH SS XXIII, p. 819. 

[809] Sigeberti Continuatio Auctarium Laudunense 1113, MGH SS VI, p. 445. 

[810] Hermanni Monachi de miraculis S. Mariæ Laudunensis, Liber I, II, Patrologia Latina, Tome CLVI, cols. 965-6. 

[811] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[812] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1063, MGH SS XXIII, p. 794. 

[813] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1150, MGH SS VI, p. 455. 

[814] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1151, MGH SS VI, p. 455. 

[815] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1151, MGH SS VI, p. 455. 

[816] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1151, MGH SS VI, p. 455. 

[817] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1116, MGH SS XXIII, p. 822. 

[818] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 508. 

[819] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1201, MGH SS XXIII, p. 879. 

[820] Pellot, P. (ed.) (1895) Le cartulaire du Prieuré de Longueau (Arcis-sir-Aube) (“Longueau”) 1189, p. 31. 

[821] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1216 and 1219, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 904 and 909. 

[822] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 904. 

[823] Ourscamp Notre-Dame CCXXVII, p. 140. 

[824] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 904. 

[825] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 944. 

[826] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 944. 

[827] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 294. 

[828] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 295. 

[829] Vita Fulcuini 3, MGH SS XV.1, p. 427. 

[830] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) II.74, 928, p. 140. 

[831] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Liber II, IV, p. 85. 

[832] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 13, p. 147. 

[833] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[834] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[835] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 3, p. 20. 

[836] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 10, p. 113. 

[837] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 18, p. 167. 

[838] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Liber II, XXXIX, p. 110. 

[839] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 23, p. 220. 

[840] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[841] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[842] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, VIII, col. 10. 

[843] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Liber II, LXXI, p. 138. 

[844] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Liber II, LXXI, p. 138. 

[845] Flodoard 935, MGH SS III, p. 383. 

[846] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XIII, col. 17. 

[847] RHGF, Tome X, XIX, p. 591. 

[848] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber I, VII, p. 175. 

[849] Prou (1908), XXV, p. 70. 

[850] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber I, XIX, p. 192. 

[851] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Boloniensis, IV, col. 396. 

[852] Prou (1908), CX, p. 279. 

[853] Prou (1908), CLXXV, p. 425. 

[854] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber II, XIII A, p. 224. 

[855] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber II, XX, p. 231. 

[856] Haigneré, D. (ed.) (1886) Les chartes de Saint-Bertin d´après le grand cartulaire de Dom Charles-Joseph Dewitte (Saint-Omer) ("Saint-Bertin Grand Cartulaire (Haigneré)"), Tome I, 112, p. 43. 

[857] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Boloniensis, X, col. 399. 

[858] Sigeberti Continuatio Valcellensis 1159, MGH SS VI, p. 460. 

[859] Sigeberti Continuatio Valcellensis 1159, MGH SS VI, p. 460. 

[860] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis 60, MGH SS XXIV, p. 709. 

[861] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis 60, MGH SS XXIV, p. 709. 

[862] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis, 97, MGH SS XXIV, p. 719. 

[863] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis, 97, MGH SS XXIV, p. 719. 

[864] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis, 145, MGH SS XXIV, p. 731. 

[865] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis, 145, MGH SS XXIV, p. 731. 

[866] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis, 191, MGH SS XXIV, p. 754. 

[867] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis, 245, MGH SS XXIV, p. 768. 

[868] Willelmi Chronica Andrensis, 249, MGH SS XXIV, p. 770. 

[869] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 1, p. 5. 

[870] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 9, p. 54. 

[871] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 13, p. 147. 

[872] Hincmar De prædestinatione, c. 2, Patrologia Latina, Tome 125, p. 85. 

[873] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 20, p. 203. 

[874] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[875] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[876] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 31, p. 264. 

[877] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 33, p. 351. 

[878] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 47, p. 462. 

[879] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 3, p. 20. 

[880] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 3, p. 20. 

[881] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 6, p. 55. 

[882] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 10, p. 113. 

[883] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 18, p. 167. 

[884] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 19, p. 173. 

[885] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 23, p. 220. 

[886] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, III, col. 149. 

[887] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 29, p. 330. 

[888] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[889] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[890] Annales Vedastini, 879, MGH SS I, p. 518. 

[891] Veterum Scriptorum, Tome I, col. 662. 

[892] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, VIII, col. 10. 

[893] Flodoard 932, MGH SS III, p. 380. 

[894] Flodoard 937, MGH SS III, p. 384. 

[895] Flodoard 937, MGH SS III, p. 384. 

[896] Flodoard 937, MGH SS III, p. 384. 

[897] Flodoard 950, MGH SS III, p. 400. 

[898] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 8, MGH SS XIV, p. 335. 

[899] Flodoard 954, MGH SS III, p. 402. 

[900] Flodoard 955, MGH SS III, p. 403. 

[901] Flodoard 955, MGH SS III, p. 403. 

[902] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 9, MGH SS XIV, p. 336. 

[903] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XIII, col. 17. 

[904] Flodoard (Continuator) 977, MGH SS III, p. 408. 

[905] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.2, Eglise cathedrale de Paris, p. 1015. 

[906] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 9, MGH SS XIV, p. 336. 

[907] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 9, MGH SS XIV, p. 336. 

[908] Historia Ecclesie Cisnoniensis, Spicilegium (1675), Tome XII, p. 503. 

[909] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 9, MGH SS XIV, p. 336. 

[910] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber I, VIII, p. 176. 

[911] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 10, MGH SS XIV, p. 338. 

[912] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 10, MGH SS XIV, p. 338. 

[913] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, II, col. 96. 

[914] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XX, col. 22. 

[915] Prou (1908), II, p. 3. 

[916] Prou (1908), XXII, p. 59. 

[917] Prou (1908), XXV, p. 70. 

[918] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 10, MGH SS XIV, p. 338. 

[919] Prou (1908), XXXIX, p. 110. 

[920] Prou (1908), LX, p. 155. 

[921] Prou (1908), LXXVIII, p. 197. 

[922] Prou (1908), CX, p. 279. 

[923] Prou (1908), CLXXV, p. 425. 

[924] Hautcour, E. (ed.) (1894) Cartulaire de l´église collégiale de Saint-Pierre de Lille (Paris, Lille) ("Lille Saint-Pierre"), Tome I, VI, p. 12. 

[925] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, XI, col. 103. 

[926] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber I, XXXI, p. 206. 

[927] Prou (1908), CXXXIV, p. 340. 

[928] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 11, MGH SS XIV, p. 339. 

[929] Van De Putte, F. (1843) Chronique du monastère d’Oudenbourg (Gand), Codex Diplomaticus, II, p. 85. 

[930] Annales sive Historiæ rerum Belgicarum (Frankfurt, 1580), Tome I, Annalium Flandriæ (auctore Iacobo Meyero Baliolano), Lib. III, 1084, p. 35. 

[931] Limburg Stirum (1868), p. 31. 

[932] Van De Putte (1843) Oudenbourg, Codex Diplomaticus, II, p. 85. 

[933] Van De Putte (1843) Oudenbourg, p. 59. 

[934] Van De Putte (1843) Oudenbourg, Codex Diplomaticus, I, p. 83. 

[935] Van De Putte (1843) Oudenbourg, Codex Diplomaticus, II, p. 85. 

[936] Limburg Stirum, T. de (1868) Le Chambellan de Flandre et les Sires de Ghistelles (Gand), p. 31. 

[937] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 11, MGH SS XIV, p. 339. 

[938] Coussemaker, E. ‘Notice sur les archives de l’abbaye de Bourbourg’, Annales du Comité Flamand de France, Tome IV (Dunkerque, 1859), III, p. 286. 

[939] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber II, XII, p. 223. 

[940] Coussemaker ‘Bourbourg’ (1859), III, p. 286. 

[941] Miraeus (1723), Tome II, Caput XXXII, p. 1152. 

[942] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 11, MGH SS XIV, p. 339. 

[943] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber II, XVIII, p. 229. 

[944] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1121, MGH SS VI, p. 448. 

[945] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 7, MGH SS XIII, p. 253. 

[946] Morel, E. (ed.) (1904) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Saint-Corneille de Compiègne, Tome I (877-1216) (Mondidier) ("Compiègne Saint-Corneille"), XXXIV, p. 70. 

[947] Herimanni, Liber de Restauratione Sancti Martini Tornacensis Continuatio 10, MGH SS XIV, p. 322. 

[948] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1121, MGH SS VI, p. 448. 

[949] Historiæ Tornacenses, Liber III, 11, MGH SS XIV, p. 339. 

[950] Saint-Bertin (Guérard) Pars Secunda, Liber II, CI, p. 295. 

[951] Kerrebrouck (2000), pp. 538-9. 

[952] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1148, MGH SS VI, p. 453. 

[953] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1204, MGH SS XXIII, p. 884. 

[954] Richemond, E. (1907) Recherches généalogiques sur la famille des seigneurs de Nemours du XII au XV siècle (Fontainebleau), Vol. I, Pièces justificatives, IV, p. lvii. 

[955] Richemond (1907), Vol. I, Pièces justificatives, V, p. lviii. 

[956] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1228, MGH SS XXIII, p. 922. 

[957] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1228, MGH SS XXIII, p. 922. 

[958] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1240, MGH SS XXIII, p. 948. 

[959] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Joyenval, p. 291.       

[960] Auvray, L. (1908-1910) Les registres de Grégoire IX (Paris), Tome III, 5246, p. 281. 

[961] Luard, H. R. (ed.) (1874) Matthæi Parisiensis, Monachi Sancti Albani, Chronica Majora (London) (“MP”), Vol. V, 1249, p. 92. 

[962] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1240, MGH SS XXIII, p. 948. 

[963] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1241, MGH SS XXIII, p. 949. 

[964] Narratio Clericorum Remensium, Du Chesne Historia Francorum Scriptores, Tome II, p. 340. 

[965] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 1, p. 5. 

[966] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 9, p. 54. 

[967] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 13, p. 147. 

[968] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 20, p. 203. 

[969] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[970] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[971] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 31, p. 264. 

[972] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 33, p. 351. 

[973] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 47, p. 462. 

[974] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 3, p. 20. 

[975] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 6, p. 55. 

[976] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 10, p. 113. 

[977] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 18, p. 167. 

[978] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 19, p. 173. 

[979] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 23, p. 220. 

[980] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, III, col. 149. 

[981] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 29, p. 330. 

[982] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[983] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[984] Dhomme, E. & Vattier, A. (1866) Recherches chronologiques sur les évêques de Senlis (Senlis), p. 27. 

[985] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 404.

[986] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, VIII, col. 10. 

[987] Flodoard 936, MGH SS III, p. 383. 

[988] Flodoard 937, MGH SS III, p. 384. 

[989] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, I, col. 203. 

[990] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XIII, col. 17. 

[991] RHGF, Tome X, XIX, p. 591. 

[992] Dhomme & Vattier (1866), p. 37, citing Fulbert Epistola 46. 

[993] Dhomme & Vattier (1866), p. 37, citing Fulbert Epistola 46. 

[994] Dhomme & Vattier (1866), p. 38. 

[995] Dhomme & Vattier (1866), p. 38. 

[996] Dhomme & Vattier (1866), pp. 44-5. 

[997] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XX, col. 22. 

[998] Dhomme & Vattier (1866), p. 44. 

[999] Prou (1908), IV, p. 13. 

[1000] Prou (1908), XI, p. 32. 

[1001] Prou (1908), XXIX, p. 86. 

[1002] Prou (1908), XXXIX, p. 110. 

[1003] Prou (1908), XLIII, p. 120. 

[1004] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, VI, col. 206. 

[1005] Prou (1908), LXXVIII, p. 197. 

[1006] Prou (1908), CV, p. 269. 

[1007] Prou (1908), CVI, p. 270. 

[1008] Prou (1908), CLXXV, p. 425. 

[1009] Prou (1908), CXXXIV, p. 340. 

[1010] Prou (1908), CXXXVIII, p. 347. 

[1011] Prou (1908), CXLVIII, p. 374. 

[1012] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, X, col. 208. 

[1013] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, X, col. 208. 

[1014] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, XV, col. 211. 

[1015] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, XVII, col. 212. 

[1016] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, XXI, col. 214. 

[1017] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Silvanectensis, XXVIII, col. 219. 

[1018] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 

[1019] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 

[1020] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1227, MGH SS XXIII, p. 919. 

[1021] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1227, MGH SS XXIII, p. 919. 

[1022] Narratio Clericorum Remensium, Du Chesne Historia Francorum Scriptores, Tome II, p. 340. 

[1023] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 1, p. 5. 

[1024] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 9, p. 54. 

[1025] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 20, p. 203. 

[1026] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[1027] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 27, p. 264. 

[1028] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 31, p. 264. 

[1029] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 33, p. 351. 

[1030] MGH Concilia, Tome III, 47, p. 462. 

[1031] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 3, p. 20. 

[1032] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XII, XIII, MGH SS XXXVI, pp. 219, 222-35.

[1033] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 865, MGH SS XXIII, p. 738. 

[1034] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 23, p. 220. 

[1035] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 24, p. 238. 

[1036] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Catalaunensis, III, col. 149. 

[1037] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 29, p. 330. 

[1038] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 10, p. 113. 

[1039] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 33, p. 388. 

[1040] MGH Concilia, Tome IV, 37, p. 521. 

[1041] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber IV, XI, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 404.

[1042] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, VIII, col. 10. 

[1043] Flodoard 925, MGH SS III, p. 376. 

[1044] Flodoard 937, MGH SS III, p. 385. 

[1045] Flodoard 937, MGH SS III, p. 385. 

[1046] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 66. 

[1047] Dudo de Saint-Quentin, Liber II, 89, p. 246. 

[1048] Flodoard 948, MGH SS III, p. 396. 

[1049] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XIII, col. 17. 

[1050] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Ambianensis, III, col. 282. 

[1051] Bouchard, C. B. (ed.) (1991) The Cartulary of Flavigny 717-1113 (Cambridge, Mass.) (“Flavigny”), 42, p. 106. 

[1052] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 347. 

[1053] Flavigny 42, p. 106. 

[1054] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, II, col. 96. 

[1055] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 348. 

[1056] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XX, col. 22.  

[1057] Prou (1908), XI, p. 32. 

[1058] Prou (1908), XVI, p. 47. 

[1059] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Remensis, XXI, col. 24. 

[1060] Prou (1908), XXXIX, p. 110. 

[1061] Prou (1908), XLIII, p. 120. 

[1062] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 353. 

[1063] Prou (1908), LXXVIII, p. 197. 

[1064] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, V, col. 99. 

[1065] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 350. 

[1066] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, XI, col. 103. 

[1067] Prou (1908), CXXXIV, p. 340. 

[1068] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, XIII, col. 104. 

[1069] Tardif, J. (1866) Monuments historiques (Paris), 318, p. 193. 

[1070] Tardif (1866), 318, p. 193. 

[1071] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 360. 

[1072] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, XXXVIII, col. 123. 

[1073] Vita Arnulfi Episcopi Suessioniensis I.1, MGH SS XV.2, p. 877. 

[1074] Vita Arnulfi Episcopi Suessioniensis I.3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 879. 

[1075] Prou (1908), CX, p. 279. 

[1076] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, VI, col. 100. 

[1077] Prou (1908), CLXXV, p. 425. 

[1078] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, VIII, col. 101. 

[1079] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, V, col. 99. 

[1080] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, V, col. 99. 

[1081] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, cols. 352-3. 

[1082] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Suessionensis, V, col. 99. 

[1083] Gallia Christiana, Tome IX, col. 353. 

[1084] Prou (1908), CXLVIII, p. 374. 

[1085] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 12, MGH SS XIII, p. 254. 

[1086] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Manasses et Walcheri, 1, 2, 3, MGH SS VII, p. 500. 

[1087] Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium Continuatio, Gesta Pontificum abbreviata per canonicum Cameracensem, 8, MGH SS VII, p. 505. 

[1088] Chronicon S. Andreæ Castri Cameracesii, Liber II, 19, MGH SS VII, p. 544. 

[1089] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1095, MGH SS VI, p. 394. 

[1090] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1105, MGH SS VI, p. 395. 

[1091] Gesta Galcheri Episcopi Cameracensis, 28, MGH SS XIV, p. 204. 

[1092] Gallia Christiana, Tome X, col. 355.