SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN

  v2.0 Updated 16 February 2011

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.            GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN. 3

A.       GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN und STORMARN 1111-1208, GRAFEN von SCHAUMBURG.. 3

B.       GRAF von HOLSTEIN und STORMARN 1208-1225 (ORLAMÜNDE) 8

C.      GRAF von HOLSTEIN und STORMARN 1238-1239 (BADEWIDE) 9

D.      GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN und SCHAUMBURG 1225-1390. 9

E.       GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN-SCHAUENBURG 1290-1640. 20

F.       GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN-RENDSBURG.. 24

Chapter 2.            HERZOGEN von SCHLESWIG. 28

A.       HERZOGEN von SCHLESWIG (FAMILY of KINGS of DENMARK) 28

B.       HERZOGEN von SCHLESWIG (FAMILY of GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN) 31

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The two constituent parts of the territory of Schleswig-Holstein developed in distinct ways and under different outside influences. 

 

The county of Holstein evolved out of the lawless frontier area of Nordalbingia to the north of Saxony.  No information has yet been found about the history of the territory before Lothar von Süpplingenburg Duke of Saxony increased Saxon authority there with the help of Adolf von Schauenburg, whom he enfeoffed in 1111 with the county of Holstein-Stormarn in the area north and east of Hamburg[1].  The new county was created as a sub-fief of the king/emperors of Germany and remained subject to indirect imperial jurisdiction until the 19th century.  The new counts were strongly opposed by the native nobility.  The first period of crisis opened when Count Adolf II refused to recognise Albrecht "der Bär" as duke of Saxony in 1138, after the death of Emperor Lothar.  Count Adolf was deposed and replaced as count by Heinrich von Badewide, although Adolf was restored in [1142/43]. 

 

The duchy of Schleswig, located in the southern part of the Jutland peninsula to the north of Holstein, was under Danish influence.  The first identified reference to Schleswig as a separate jurisdictional entity is the appointment by Niels King of Denmark of his nephew Knud Erikssen "Lavard/the Lord" as count in Sønderjylland [Schleswig] in 1115.   After the murder of Knut "Lavard" in 1131, it is assumed that the territory was reincorporated into the Danish crown, although this has not been verified.  The history of Schleswig during the Danish succession wars of the 1140s/1150s is confusing, the area passing between all rival claimants to the Danish crown, and even at one time being claimed as an imperial fief by the king of Germany.  Saxo Grammaticus records that Knud Henrikssen, son of Henrik Svendsen "Skadelår/the Limper" of Denmark, tried to usurp the duchy of Schleswig in [1150/51][2].  His rival, Valdemar Knudssen (later Valdemar I "den Store/the Great" King of Denmark), was awarded a Danish province, presumably Schleswig although this is not specified in the source, by Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany at the diet of Merseburg, called in 1152 by the German king to resolve the disputed Danish succession[3], although imperial control over the territory was no more than wishful thinking on the part of the king.  Another rival, Svend III "Grade" King of Denmark, sought help from Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony to maintain his throne.   The Saxon duke invaded Jutland at end 1156, captured Schleswig and Ripen, but returned to Saxony in Jan 1157[4].  Knud Henrikssen's brother Buris Henrikssen is recorded as Duke of Schleswig in 1162.  The duchy is subsequently recorded in the hands of Christoffer Valdemarsen, illegitimate son of King Valdemar I, who died in 1173.  A degree of continuity in the rulers of Schleswig followed the appointment of Abel, son of King Valdemar II, as duke.  After Abel succeeded as Danish king, he appointed his older son Valdemar as duke in 1254.  When the young Valdemar died in 1257, the duchy passed to his younger brother Erik, with whose descendants it remained until the death of Erik's great-grandson Duke Valdemar VI in 1364. 

 

Following a further period of reintegration with the Danish crown, the territories of Holstein and Schleswig were united under the same leadership for the first time when Gerhard VI Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg was appointed duke of Schleswig in 1386.  However, as Schleswig remained outside imperial jurisdiction, it was never united politically with its southern neighbour the imperial fief of Holstein, despite the personal unity achieved through its new common leadership.  On the death without direct heirs in 1459 of Duke Adolf XI, son of Duke Gerhard VI, his nephew Christian I King of Denmark, son of Adolf's deceased sister Hedwig, was elected Graf von Holstein and Duke of Schleswig, the jurisdictional separation of the territories being emphasised once more with the continuation of the dual title. 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the counts of Holstein and dukes of Schleswig have not been identified, unless otherwise shown below. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN

 

 

 

A.      GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN und STORMARN 1111-1208, GRAFEN von SCHAUMBURG

 

 

ADOLF [I] von Schauenburg, son of --- (-[13 Nov] 1131, bur Minden Benedictine Abbey).  He was installed as ADOLF I Graf von Holstein und Stormarn in 1111 by Lothar von Supplingenburg Duke of Saxony[5].  After the death in 1127 of Heinrich Prince of Wagria [Mecklenburg], canon Vizelin from Bremen transferred the base of his missionary activities from Altlübeck to Holstein where he founded a few years later the Augustinian canonry of Wippentorp, afterwards Neumünster, from which he launched a renewed mission into Wagria[6].  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ records the death in 1131 of "Adolphus comes"[7].  The necrology of Visbeck records the death "Id Nov" of "Adolfus comes"[8].  

m HILDEWA, daughter of --- (-8 Feb ----).  

Graf Adolf I & his wife had two children: 

1.         HARTUNG (-killed in battle near Kulm, Bohemia 18 Feb 1126).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Hartungum…et…Adulfus iunior" as the two sons of "Adulfo comiti de Scowenburch", specifying that Hartung was killed in Bohemia[9]

2.         ADOLF (-killed in battle near Verchen, Demmin 6 Jul 1164, bur Minden Cathedral).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Hartungum…et…Adulfus iunior" as the two sons of "Adulfo comiti de Scowenburch"[10].  The Annales Stadenses names "Adolfus…filius comitis Adolfi…cui a Ludero duce…comitia Holtzaciæ est concessa"[11].  He succeeded his father in 1131 as ADOLF II Graf von Holstein und Stormarn.  Because his territories were under-populated, he appealed for immigrants mainly from Flanders, Holland, Utrecht, Westphalia and Frisia, encouraged by Emperor Lothar[12].  He founded the trading settlement of Lübeck which he secured with a castle[13].  In 1138, Count Adolf refused to recognise Albrecht "der Bär" [Ballenstedt] as Duke of Saxony and was deposed[14].  Duke Albrecht installed Heinrich von Badewide (see SAXONY NOBILITY) as Graf von Holstein, but Adolf II was restored in [1142/43][15].  Graf Adolf also received the fief of Wagria and rebuilt the fortress of Segeberg, which became his chief stronghold[16].  He supported the missionary work of Vizelin[17].   He founded the town of Lübeck in 1143[18], near the site of Altlübeck which had been destroyed[19].  He supported Svend Eriksen of Denmark (later King Svend III) in the Danish succession quarrel with Knud Magnusson (later King Knud III), but the latter attacked Holstein with help from Etheler von Dithmarschen, during which Oldenburg was set on fire and the coastal area devastated[20].  The town of Lübeck was destroyed by fire in 1157.  It was rebuilt by Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony, to whom Graf Adolf transferred the site in 1159.  Lübeck was administered by bailiffs appointed by the duke[21], later developing into a free town governed by its own corporation.  Graf Adolf II was killed in battle, allied with the Saxons against the Obotrites, at Verchen, west of Demmin on the Kummerower See[22].  The necrology of Visbeck records the death "II Non Jul" of "Adolfus comes occisus cum multis aliis"[23]m (before 1158) MECHTILD von Schwarzburg, daughter of SIZZO [II] Graf von Schwarzburg & his wife Gisela --- (-[1192], bur Minden Cathedral).  She acted as regent in Holstein for her infant son after the death of her husband, until Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony appointed her brother Heinrich Graf von Schwarzburg in her place[24].  Graf Adolf I & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADOLF ([1158/60]-3 Jan 1225, bur Loccum).  He succeeded his father in 1164 as ADOLF III Graf von Holstein und Stormarn, under the regency of his mother  A long-time supporter of Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony, he broke with the duke in 1180 over a dispute concerning prisoners taken at Halerfeld and joined the army of Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa"[25].  Duke Heinrich retaliated by capturing the castles of Plön and Segerberg[26], but in 1181 Graf Adolf was granted the right to receive half the revenue from Lübeck's tolls in return for service to the emperor[27].  After the banishment of Duke Heinrich, Graf Adolf extended his power to such an extent that he refused to pay homage to Bernhard Duke of Saxony[28].  "Adolphus…comes Wagrie, Holzatie atque Stormarie" founded Kloster Reinfeld by charter dated 1189[29].  He left on crusade with Emperor Friedrich in 1189, leaving the administration of Holstein to his uncle Adolf Graf von Dassel[30].  During his absence, Bernhard Graf von Ratzeburg and Helmold Graf von Schwerin occupied his fortresses at Hamburg, Plön and Itzehoe[31].  Graf Adolf returned in spring 1191 and was obliged to take up arms against Duke Heinrich who had failed to observe the terms of the peace agreed at Fulda in Jul 1190[32]Graf von Schaumburg.  "…Adolfus comes de Chowenburc…" witnessed the charter dated 15 Nov 1199 under which "Hermannus…lantgravius et Saxonie comes palatinus" confirmed the donation by "familia nostra matrona quedam de Vargla, Hedewiga, vidua Cunimundi" to Kloster Ichtershausen[33].  A charter dated 1200 confirms a donation by "Comes Adolfus de Scowenburc et uxor eius cometissa Athelheidis et utriusque filia Meithildis" to "Scildecensis ecclesie"[34].  He ceased to be Graf von Holstein in 1208, replaced by Albrecht Graf von Orlamünde.  "H…dux Saxonie comes palatinus Rheni" confirmed the sale of property by "comes Adolfus de Scowenborg" by charter dated 1221[35].  The necrology of Visbeck records the death "III Non Jan" of "Adolfus comes"[36]m firstly (1182) ADELHEID von Assel, daughter of OTTO von Windberg Graf von Assel & his wife Salome von Heinsberg (-25 Dec 1185).  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum records the marriage of "comes Adolfus" and "filiam comitis Ottonis de Dasle", specifying that it was arranged by "Philippo Coloniensi archiepiscopo, cuius proponqua erat"[37], undated but dated to [1182] from the context of other passages.  Philipp Archbishop of Köln confirmed the donation to Loccum by “neptis mea Adheleydis comitissa de Scowenburg” (with the consent of “matris sue Salome sororis mee”), by charter dated 5 Mar 1185[38]m secondly (before 10 May 1189) ADELHEID von Querfurt, daughter of BURCHARD [III] von Querfurt Burggraf von Magdeburg & his wife Mechtild von Gleichen (-[6/7] Apr [1210]).  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum names "domna Adelheidis, filia domni Burchardi de Querenvorde" as wife of "comitis de Schowenburg" when recording that she and her mother-in-law, together with "Adolphus de Dasle", received Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony in Lübeck on his return from England[39].  "Adolphus…comes Wagriæ, Holsatiæ atque Stormariæ" donated property to Kloster Reinfeld, in the presence of "Adelheide…nostri consortem", by charter dated 1189[40].  A charter dated 1200 confirms a donation by "Comes Adolfus de Scowenburc et uxor eius cometissa Athelheidis et utriusque filia Meithildis" to "Scildecensis ecclesie"[41].  "Adolfus…Holtsatie Stormarie et Wagrie comes" founded Kloster Preetz, for the souls of "coniugis Heilwigis patris…nostri comitis Adolfi ac matris nostre Adelheidis", by charter dated 29 Sep 1226[42].  "Adolfus comes de Schowenburg et filius meus eiusdem nominis" acknowledged return of property from "domina Gisla de Antenthorpe mansum unum in Magethevelde" and its donation to "cenobio…Lacus sancte Marie", for "pie memorie uxoris nostre domine Alheidis comitisse", by charter dated to [1215/24][43].  The necrology of Visbeck records the death "VII Id Apr" of "Alheidis comitissa"[44]m thirdly S---, daughter of --- (-after 1224).  "A comes in Schowenburgh et S. uxor eius" confirmed a donation to Minden church made by "dominus Reinhardus de Vorenholte" by charter dated 1224[45].  Graf Adolf III & his second wife had [four] children: 

i)          MECHTILD (-1264 or after).  A charter dated 1200 confirms a donation by "Comes Adolfus de Scowenburc et uxor eius cometissa Athelheidis et utriusque filia Meithildis" to "Scildecensis ecclesie"[46].  This document suggests that Mechtild must have been the oldest of her parents´ children, born before her brothers.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  "Otto…comes, Mechtildis comitissa de Tekeneborg" donated property to Bersenbrugge convent, for the souls of "comitis Ottonis de Ravensberge amicissimi nostri, Sophia comitissa relicta ipsius et filia eius Jutta uxor Henrici filii nostri", by charter dated 5 Jan 1246[47].  "Otto…comes de Tekeneburgh, Mettildis comitissa, eorumque filius Henricus" confirmed a donation to Rulle convent by charter dated 22 Apr 1248[48]m OTTO Graf von Tecklenburg, son of SIMON Graf von Tecklenburg & his wife Oda von Altena (-11 Sep 1263).] 

ii)         ADOLF von Holstein ([after 1200]-Kiel 8 Jul 1261, bur Kiel Franciscan Church).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Adulfus Iohannes binomius" as the son of "Adulfus [comes]", although the Cronica conflates two generations, confusing Adolf II with Adolf III as father of Count Adolf IV[49].  He succeeded his father in 1225 as ADOLF IV Graf von Holstein und Schaumburg.     

-         see below

iii)        KONRAD (-[13 Jan 1237/14 Jul 1238], bur Alt-Rinteln Klosterkirche).  "Conradus et Bruno fratres de Scowenburch" transferred the Vogtei of Kloster Herse to Kloster Rinteln, at the request of "domini comitis Adolfi de Scowenburch", by charter dated 13 Jan 1237[50].  "Adolfus…comes in Scowenborg et in Holsacia" donated property to Kloster Rinteln, for the soul of "fratris nostri Conradi qui in ecclesia Renthene sepultus est", by charter dated 14 Jul 1238[51]

iv)       BRUNO (-17 Feb 1281, bur Kremsier St Mauritius).  "Adolfus…comes de Schowenburch" donated property to the church at Riddagshusen by charter dated 23 Jan 1234, witnessed by "frater noster Bruno prepositus de Lubeke, Ludolfus comes de Haleremunt, Heinricus comes de Dannenberech, Henricus comes de Waldenberech…"[52].  “Prepositus Bruno patruus noster” witnessed a charter dated 1241 under which “Johannes…comes in Scowenburch” confirmed a donation to Kloster Loccum[53].  Provost at Lübeck Cathedral 1229.  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1229.  Provost at Hamburg Cathedral 1236.  "Conradus et Bruno fratres de Scowenburch" transferred the Vogtei of Kloster Herse to Kloster Rinteln, at the request of "domini comitis Adolfi de Scowenburch", by charter dated 13 Jan 1237[54].  "Johannes et Gerhardus…comites in Schowenborgh" confirmed an exchange of property involving the Marienkloster Rinteln, on the advice of "patrui nostri Brunonis Hamburgensis et Lubecensis prepositi", by charter dated 11 Jan 1243[55].  Bishop of Olmütz 1246. 

 

 

 

B.      GRAF von HOLSTEIN und STORMARN 1208-1225 (ORLAMÜNDE)

 

 

1.         ALBRECHT [I] von Orlamünde, son of SIEGFRIED III Graf von Orlamünde [Askanier] & his wife Sophie of Denmark (1183-18 Dec 1244).  The Chronica Godefridi Coloniensis names "Albertus comes de Urlemunde, filius sororis…regis [Dacie]"[56].  He succeeded his father in 1206 as Graf von OrlamündeGraf von Holstein 1208.  "Atelbertus comes Holzacie" confirmed donations to Kloster Neumünster by charter dated to [1211][57].  "Albertus…comes Nordalbingie" confirmed a donation to Hamburg St Marienkirche made by "comes Adolfus" by charter dated 1212[58].  Graf von Ratzeburg, Graf von Wagrien.  "Albertus comes Holzatie, Racesburgensis et Wagrie" granted property to "fideli nostro Marquardo de Stenwer" by charter dated 1216[59]Graf von Stormarn.  "Albertus…Holzacie et Stormarie comes" confirmed a donation to Hamburg St Marienkirche made by "pie memorie Theodericus dapifer noster" by charter dated to [1217][60].  "Albertus…comes Orlamunde et Holtsacie" confirmed property to Hamburg St Georgshospital by charter dated 1220[61].  He was regent of the kingdom of Denmark 1224-1225[62].  He is no longer referred to in charters after 1225 as Graf von Holstein.  The contract of marriage between “Waldemarus secundus…Danorum Sclavorumque rex…filius noster rex Waldemarus” and “domine A” is dated 25 Jun 1229, subscribed by “filius noster Kanutus dux Estonie, nepos noster Albert comes Orlemunde et dominus Alsie…[63]

 

 

 

C.      GRAF von HOLSTEIN und STORMARN 1238-1239 (BADEWIDE)

 

 

1.         HEINRICH von Badewide (-after 18 Oct 1163).  A member of a knightly family from the Lüneburg district, he was installed as Graf von Holstein und Stormarn in 1138 by Albrecht "der Bär" Markgraf von Brandenburg after Graf Adolf II was deposed[64].  When Graf Adolf recovered his county in 1139, Heinrich received as compensation the county of Ratzeburg[65]Graf von Ratzeburg 1156. 

 

 

 

D.      GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN und SCHAUMBURG 1225-1390

 

 

ADOLF von Holstein, son of ADOLF III Graf von Holstein und Stormarn & his second wife Adelheid von Querfurt ([after 1200]-Kiel 8 Jul 1261, bur Kiel Franciscan Church).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Adulfus Iohannes binomius" as the son of "Adulfus [comes]", although the Cronica conflates two generations, confusing Adolf II with Adolf III as father of Count Adolf IV[66].  He succeeded his father in 1225 as ADOLF IV Graf von Schaumburg.  He was installed as Graf von Holstein around the same time, after which Albrecht von Orlamünde no longer appears in charters in that capacity:  “Adolfus…comes Holtsacie, H. dominus de Rozstok, H. comes de Zwerin” confirmed that the burgers of Lübeck had reimbursed costs connected with the siege of Burg Ratzeburg by charter dated 1225[67].  "Adolfus…comes Wagrie, Stormarie, Holtsacie et de Scoywenborch" confirmed the privileges of the city of Hamburg by charter dated 1225[68].  "Adolfus…Holtsatie Stormarie et Wagrie comes" founded Kloster Preetz, for the souls of "coniugis Heilwigis patris…nostri comitis Adolfi ac matris nostre Adelheidis", by charter dated 29 Sep 1226[69].  "Adolfus…comes de Schowenburch" donated property to the church at Riddagshusen by charter dated 23 Jan 1234, witnessed by "frater noster Bruno prepositus de Lubeke, Ludolfus comes de Haleremunt, Heinricus comes de Dannenberech, Henricus comes de Waldenberech…"[70].  "Adolfus…comes Holtsatie" donated property to St Johanniskloster, Lübeck, with the consent of "Johanne filio nostro…[et] Heilewigis uxoris nostre et heredum nostrorum Gerardi et Ludolfi…etiam domini Alberti ducis Saxonie", by charter dated [21 Jul] 1238[71].  The Annales Stadenses record that "comes Adolfus" and his wife entered Livonia in 1238[72].  The Annales Hamburgenses record that "comes Adolfus cum uxore sua Heilewiga" went to Livonia in 1238[73].  He resigned the countship in [1138/16 Aug 1139].  The Annales Stadenses records that "comes Adolfus de Scowenburg" became a monk "ad minores fraters in Hamborch die Ypolyti sabbato"[74].  He was ordained at Rome 18 Dec 1244[75]

m HEILWIG zur Lippe, daughter of HERMANN [II] Herr zur Lippe & his wife Oda von Tecklenburg (-[24 Feb 1246/18 May 1250]).  The Annales Stadenses names "Heilwiga filia filii Bernardi domini de Lippia" as wife of "comes Adolfus"[76].  "Adolfus…Holtsatie Stormarie et Wagrie comes" founded Kloster Preetz, for the souls of "coniugis Heilwigis patris…nostri comitis Adolfi ac matris nostre Adelheidis", by charter dated 29 Sep 1226[77].  "Adolfus…comes Holtsatie" donated property to St Johanniskloster, Lübeck, with the consent of "Johanne filio nostro…[et] Heilewigis uxoris nostre et heredum nostrorum Gerardi et Ludolfi…etiam domini Alberti ducis Saxonie", by charter dated [21 Jul] 1238[78]

Graf Adolf IV & his wife had four children: 

1.         MECHTILD ([1220/23][79]-1288, bur Varnhem Abbey).  The Chronica Jutensis records that "Abel", son of "Waldemarus rex", married "Mectildam filiam Adulfi comitis Holzacie"[80].  The Annales Stadenses record the marriage "1237 VII Kal Mai" of "dux Abel" and "filiam comitis Adolfi de Scowenborch", naming her "Mechtildem" and recording her second marriage to "ducem Sueciæ" in a later passage[81].  The Icelandic Annals record the marriage in 1237 of "Dux Abel" and "Mathildam"[82].  The Icelandic Annals record the marriage in 1261 of "Bergerus Sveciæ dux" and "Mathildam reginam Daniæ"[83]m firstly (Schleswig 25 Apr 1237) ABEL of Denmark, son of VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conqueror" King of Denmark & his second wife Infanta dona Berengaria de Portugal (1218-killed in battle in Friesland 29 Jun 1252, bur Schleswig).  He succeeded his brother in 1250 as ABEL King of Denmarkm secondly (1261) as his second wife, BIRGER Magnusson Jarl Regent of Sweden, son of MAGNUS "Minnesköld" [Folkungaätten] & his second wife Ingrid [Ylva] ([1200]-20/21 Oct 1266, bur Varnhem Abbey). 

2.         JOHANN ([1229/30]-20 Apr 1263, bur Kloster Reinfeld).  "Adolfus…comes Holtsatie" donated property to St Johanniskloster, Lübeck, with the consent of "Johanne filio nostro…[et] Heilewigis uxoris nostre et heredum nostrorum Gerardi et Ludolfi…etiam domini Alberti ducis Saxonie", by charter dated [21 Jul] 1238[84]Graf von Holstein und Schaumburg.  "Johannes…Stormarie Wagrie Holtsacie comes cum suis fratribus" confirmed the privileges of the city of Hamburg granted by Emperor Friedrich I and "avi nostri…comitis Adolfi de Scoywenborg…pater noster Adolfus comes Holtsacie et de Scoywenborg", by charter dated 16 Aug 1239[85].  The Annales Stadenses name (in order) "puerolos Iohannem, Gerardum et Liuderum" as children of "comes Adolfus de Scowenburg", who named "generum suum Abel ducem Daciæ" as their tutor when he became a monk, a later passage recording that Duke Abel renounced the tutorship at Hamburg in 1241[86].  "Johannes et Gerhardus…comites in Schowenborgh" confirmed an exchange of property involving the Marienkloster Rinteln, on the advice of "patrui nostri Brunonis Hamburgensis et Lubecensis prepositi", by charter dated 11 Jan 1243[87].  The Annales Stadenses record that "Iohannes filius fratris Adolfi comes Holtzatiæ" was 16 years old in 1246[88].  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ records that "Iohannes comes [filius Adolphi]" received "Wagrie, scilicet Kyl, Lutkemborg, Oldenborg, Nigestal, Plone, Oldeslo, Trittowe et Segheberghe" as his share of his father's lands[89].  The Annales Hamburgenses record the death in 1263 of "Iohannes comes Holtsaciæ" and his burial in Reinfeld[90].  The necrology of Visbeck records the death "XIII Kal Mai 1263" of "Johannes comes"[91]m (Betrothed 10 Nov 1241, [1249/50]) ELISABETH von Sachsen, daughter of ALBRECHT I Duke of Saxony [Askanier] & his second wife Agnes of Thuringia (-before 1306).  The Annales Stadenses record the betrothal "1241 IV Id Nov in Hamborch" of "Iohannes comes filius fratris Adolfi" and "filia ducis Saxoniæ"[92].  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Iuttam…Elizabeth" as daughters of "Albertus dux" & his second wife Agnes, specifying that Elisabeth married "Iohannes comes Holtsacie"[93].  "Gerhardus comes Holtsacie et Scowenborgh" confirmed donations to the church of Hamburg, with the consent of "domine Elisabeth relicte fratre nostri, comitis Johannis, eiusque filiorum Adolfi, Johannis et Alberti fratruelium nostrorum…filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Gherardi", by charter dated 16 Jul 1265[94].  Graf Johann & his wife had six children: 

a)         HEILWIG ([1250]-[3 Jan 1305/1307]).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie refers to the marriage of "filia Iohannes [filius Adulfi Iohannis]" and "Otto filius Iohannis marchionis Brandenburgensis"[95].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "…heredis fratris nostri Joannis…Heilwigis uxoris domini Ottonis Marchionis, Agnete uxoris domini de Rostock, Adolphi et Alberti…", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[96]m (contract 29 Jan 1262) as his first wife, OTTO von Brandenburg, son of JOHANN I Markgraf von Brandenburg & his first wife Sophie of Denmark ([1235/46]-[Nov/Dec] 1308, bur Kloster Chorin).  He succeeded his father in [1266/67] as OTTO IV "mit dem Pfeil" Markgraf von Brandenburg

b)         AGNES (-[1 Oct 1286/25 Mar 1287]).  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "…heredis fratris nostri Joannis…Heilwigis uxoris domini Ottonis Marchionis, Agnete uxoris domini de Rostock, Adolphi et Alberti…", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[97]m (before 17 Aug 1272) WALDEMAR von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH BORWIN III Fürst von Mecklenburg zu Rostock & his wife Sophie of Sweden (-9/10 Nov 1282, bur Doberan). 

c)         ADOLF [V] (-[10 Apr/11 Nov] 1308).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Adulfum" as the son of "Iohannes [filius Adulfi Iohannis]" & his wife, when recording that he was captured in 1277 after helping his maternal uncle "ducum Saxonie" against the church of Magdeburg[98]Graf von Holstein, Stormarn, Wagrien und Schaumburg 1259.  "Gerhardus comes Holtsacie et Scowenborgh" confirmed donations to the church of Hamburg, with the consent of "domine Elisabeth relicte fratre nostri, comitis Johannis, eiusque filiorum Adolfi, Johannis et Alberti fratruelium nostrorum…filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Gherardi", by charter dated 16 Jul 1265[99].  Minor until 1267.  He succeeded in 1271.  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "…heredis fratris nostri Joannis…Heilwigis uxoris domini Ottonis Marchionis, Agnete uxoris domini de Rostock, Adolphi et Alberti…", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[100].  In Segeberg [1273].  m ([1273/78]) EUPHEMIA von Pommerellen, daughter of SWANTOPOLK II Herzog von Pommerellen [Pomorze] Herzog von Dirschau & his wife Mechtild von Mecklenburg ([1255/56]-1317, bur Neuruppin Klosterkirche).  Graf Adolf [V] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ELISABETH (-1318, bur [Neuruppin Klosterkirche]).  m (before 29 Oct 1307) BURCHARD [III] Graf von Lindow (-1311 after 15 Apr). 

d)         JOHANN [II] "der Einaügige" (-after 16 Feb 1320)Graf von Holstein, Stormarn, Wagrien und Schaumburg 1259.  "Gerhardus comes Holtsacie et Scowenborgh" confirmed donations to the church of Hamburg, with the consent of "domine Elisabeth relicte fratre nostri, comitis Johannis, eiusque filiorum Adolfi, Johannis et Alberti fratruelium nostrorum…filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Gherardi", by charter dated 16 Jul 1265[101].  Canon at Minden Cathedral 1270.  He succeeded in 1271.  In Kiel [1273].  He succeeded his brother in Segeberg in 1308.  m ([1276]) MARGRETE of Denmark, daughter of CHRISTOFFER I King of Denmark & his wife Sambiria von Pommerellen (-[Preetz] 2 Feb 1306).  Graf Johann [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          CHRISTOPH (-1315). 

ii)         ADOLF [VII] (-murdered Segeberg 1315 before 15 Oct).  Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Segeberg.  He was murdered in his bed[102]m (1312) as her second husband, LUITGARD von Mecklenburg, widow of GERHARD Graf von Hoya, daughter of JOHANN III Fürst von Mecklenburg in Wismar & his wife Helene von Rügen ([1289/90]-drowned 1352, bur Wismar Franciscan Church).  She married thirdly (after 22 Nov 1318) Günther [III] Graf von Lindow-Ruppin (-[1338]). 

e)         ALBERT (-23 Nov 1300).  "Gerhardus comes Holtsacie et Scowenborgh" confirmed donations to the church of Hamburg, with the consent of "domine Elisabeth relicte fratre nostri, comitis Johannis, eiusque filiorum Adolfi, Johannis et Alberti fratruelium nostrorum…filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Gherardi", by charter dated 16 Jul 1265[103].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "…heredis fratris nostri Joannis…Heilwigis uxoris domini Ottonis Marchionis, Agnete uxoris domini de Rostock, Adolphi et Alberti…", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[104].  Provost at Hamburg Cathedral 1283.  

f)          ELISABETH (-before 14 Aug 1284)m as his first wife, NIKOLAUS [I] Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg, son of GÜNZEL [III] Graf von Schwerin & his wife Margarete von Mecklenburg (-[3 Feb/23 Jun] 1323). 

3.         GERHARD (-21 Dec 1290, bur Hamburg Marienkloster).  "Adolfus…comes Holtsatie" donated property to St Johanniskloster, Lübeck, with the consent of "Johanne filio nostro…[et] Heilewigis uxoris nostre et heredum nostrorum Gerardi et Ludolfi…etiam domini Alberti ducis Saxonie", by charter dated [21 Jul] 1238[105]Graf von Holstein und Schaumburg

-        see below

4.         LUDOLF (-after 21 Dec 1239, bur Kiel Franciscan Church).  "Adolfus…comes Holtsatie" donated property to St Johanniskloster, Lübeck, with the consent of "Johanne filio nostro…[et] Heilewigis uxoris nostre et heredum nostrorum Gerardi et Ludolfi…etiam domini Alberti ducis Saxonie", by charter dated [21 Jul] 1238[106].  The Annales Stadenses names (in order) "puerolos Iohannem, Gerardum et Liuderum" as children of "comes Adolfus de Scowenburg", who named "generum suum Abel ducem Daciæ" as their tutor when he became a monk[107].  Franciscan monk at Kiel. 

 

 

GERHARD von Holstein, son of ADOLF IV Graf von Holstein und Stormarn & his wife Hedwig zur Lippe (-21 Dec 1290, bur Hamburg Marienkloster)"Adolfus…comes Holtsatie" donated property to St Johanniskloster, Lübeck, with the consent of "Johanne filio nostro…[et] Heilewigis uxoris nostre et heredum nostrorum Gerardi et Ludolfi…etiam domini Alberti ducis Saxonie", by charter dated [21 Jul] 1238[108].  The Annales Stadenses names (in order) "puerolos Iohannem, Gerardum et Liuderum" as children of "comes Adolfus de Scowenburg" who named "generum suum Abel ducem Daciæ" as their tutor when he became a monk[109].  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ records that "comes Gherardus [filius Adolphi]" received "terram Holtzacie, Idzeho, paludem Wilstrie, Hanrouwe, Rendelsborg" as his share of his father's lands[110]Graf von Holstein, Stormarn, Wagrien und Schaumburg.  "Johannes et Gerhardus…comites in Schowenborgh" confirmed an exchange of property involving the Marienkloster Rinteln, on the advice of "patrui nostri Brunonis Hamburgensis et Lubecensis prepositi", by charter dated 11 Jan 1243[111].  "Gerhardus comes Holtsacie et Scowenborgh" confirmed donations to the church of Hamburg, with the consent of "domine Elisabeth relicte fratre nostri, comitis Johannis, eiusque filiorum Adolfi, Johannis et Alberti fratruelium nostrorum…filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Gherardi", by charter dated 16 Jul 1265[112].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…heredis fratris nostri Joannis…Heilwigis uxoris domini Ottonis Marchionis, Agnete uxoris domini de Rostock, Adolphi et Alberti et aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[113]

m firstly ([1250]) ELISABETH von Mecklenburg, daughter of JOHANN I Fürst von Mecklenburg Herr von Rostock und Wismar & his wife Luitgard von Henneberg (-before 6 Feb 1280).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie refers to the wife of "Gerardus" as "filiam Nicolai de Sclavia"[114].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

m secondly (1282) as her second husband, ALESSINA di Monferrato, widow of ALBRECHT I "der Große" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg, daughter of BONIFACIO II Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Marguerite de Savoie (-6 Feb 1285, bur Braunschweig).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "relictam Alberti ducis de Brunsvic Aleidem filiam marchionis Montis-Ferrati" as the second wife of "Gerardus"[115]

Graf Gerhard & his first wife had eleven children: 

1.         LIUTGARD ([1251]-after 28 Feb 1289, bur Lüneburg St Michaelis).  The Annales Hamburgenses record the marriage in 1265 at Hamburg of "dux Iohannes de Bruneswich" and "filiam comitis Gerardi"[116].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[117].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly (Hamburg 1265, after 15 Jul) JOHANN I Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of OTTO I “dem Kind” Herzog von Braunschweig & his wife Mathilde von Brandenburg [Askanier] ([1242]-13 Dec 1277, bur Lüneburg St Michaelis).  He succeeded in 1267 as JOHANN Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Lüneburgm secondly (Papal dispensation 4o Rome 28 Feb 1289) as his first wife, ALBRECHT I Graf von Anhalt in Köthen, son of SIEGFRIED Graf von Anhalt in Köthen und Dessau & his wife Katharina Birgersdotter of Sweden (-[17 Aug 1316/2 Mar 1317]). 

2.         ELISABETH (-[1274/84]).  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[118]m (before 20 Aug 1272) as his first wife, BURCHARD Graf von Wölpe, son of KONRAD Graf von Wölpe & his wife --- von Roden (-[25 Jan 1289/18 Apr 1290]). 

3.         JOHANN (-after 23 Nov 1300).  "Gerhardus comes Holtsacie et Scowenborgh" confirmed donations to the church of Hamburg, with the consent of "domine Elisabeth relicte fratre nostri, comitis Johannis, eiusque filiorum Adolfi, Johannis et Alberti fratruelium nostrorum…filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Gherardi", by charter dated 16 Jul 1265[119].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[120].  Provost at Hamburg Cathedral 1267/1283.  Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral 1300. 

4.         GERHARD von Holstein ([1254]-Plön 28 Oct 1312, bur Hamburg Cathedral).  "Gerhardus comes Holtsacie et Scowenborgh" confirmed donations to the church of Hamburg, with the consent of "domine Elisabeth relicte fratre nostri, comitis Johannis, eiusque filiorum Adolfi, Johannis et Alberti fratruelium nostrorum…filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Gherardi", by charter dated 16 Jul 1265[121].  He succeeded as GERHARD II Graf von Holstein in Plön. 

-        see below

5.         ADOLF von Holstein (-13 May 1315, bur Loccum).  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[122][123].  Monk 1285.  Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg.  

-        see below, Part D. GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN-SCHAUENBURG 1290-1640.

6.         HEINRICH von Holstein (-5 Aug 1304, bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Hinricum comitem" as son of "comes Gherardus"[124].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[125]Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Rendsburg.  

-        see below, Part E. GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN-RENDSBURG

7.         ALBERT (-before [30 May 1281]).  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[126]

8.         HEDWIG (-[7 Mar 1324/14 Feb 1326]).  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[127]m (Kalmar 11 Nov 1276) MAGNUS Ladulås King of Sweden, son of BIRGER Magnusson Jarl and Regent of Sweden [Folkungaätten] & his first wife Ingeborg of Sweden ([1240]-Visingsö 18 Dec 1290, bur Stockholm, Riddarholm Church). 

9.         MECHTILD .  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[128]m (before 28 Sep 1296) JOHANN [I] Graf von Wunstorf (-4 Apr 1324). 

10.      BRUNO .  1281/1286. 

11.      OTTO (-1290 or after, bur Rinteln Klosterkirche). 

 

 

GERHARD von Holstein, son of GERHARD I Graf von Holstein, Stormarn, Wagrien und Schaumburg & his first wife Elisabeth von Mecklenburg ([1254]-Plön 28 Oct 1312, bur Hamburg Cathedral).  "Gerhardus comes Holtsacie et Scowenborgh" confirmed donations to the church of Hamburg, with the consent of "domine Elisabeth relicte fratre nostri, comitis Johannis, eiusque filiorum Adolfi, Johannis et Alberti fratruelium nostrorum…filiorum nostrorum Johannis et Gherardi", by charter dated 16 Jul 1265[129].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[130].  He succeeded as GERHARD II Graf von Holstein in Plön. 

m firstly (12 Dec 1275) INGEBORG Valdemarsdotter of Sweden, daughter of VALDEMAR King of Sweden & his first wife Sophie of Denmark (-[1290]).  The Annales Lubicenses refer to the first wife of "Gherardi comitis Holtzatiæ" as "filia Woldemari Regis Sweciæ"[131].  “Waldemarus…Rex Sveorum” confirmed a grant to Hamburg by “pater noster Dominus Byrgerus felicis memoriæ Dux Sveorum” by charter dated 12 Dec 1275 “in nuptiis filiæ nostræ…et comitis Gerardi…de Holsatia[132].  The Vetus Chronica Sialandie records the death in 1304 of "comitissa Agnes, que prius fuit regina Danorum"[133]

m secondly (1293, Papal dispensation Anagni 3 Aug 1295) as her second husband, AGNES von Brandenburg, widow of ERIK V "Klipping" King of Denmark, daughter of JOHANN I Markgraf von Brandenburg [Askanier] & his second wife Jutta von Sachsen ([1258/61]-early Oct 1304, bur Ringsted Church).  The Annales Lubicenses record the death in 1304 of "Agnes uxor Gherardi comits Holtzatiæ" specifying that she was mother of "Erici regis Danorum et Christophori ducis" and "Iohannis postea comitis Holzatiæ" by her second husband[134].  The burial records of Ringsted record "Ericus rex, filius Erici regis" and "mater sua Agnes regina uxor regis Erici…filia Alberti marchionis Brandenburgensis" who died "III Kal Oct" in 1303[135]

Graf Gerhard & his first wife had four children: 

1.         KATHARINA (-before 23 May 1300).  The Annales Lubicenses record the marriage "in Travenemunde octo diebus post pascha" of "filiam Gherardi comitis Hottzatiæ" and "Otto dux Stetinensis"[136]m (Travemünde 1 Apr 1296) as his first wife, OTTO I Duke of Pomerania-Stettin, son of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his third wife Beatrix von Brandenburg [Askanier] ([1 Jan /31 Aug] 1279-30/31 Dec 1344). 

2.         GERHARD [III] (-after 20 Jan 1317).  The Annales Lubicenses name "Gherardum præpositum Lubicensem subdyaconum et Waldemarum laycum" as the two sons of "Gherardi comitis Holzatiæ" by his first wife[137].  Provost at Lübeck 1300/01, resigned 1311.  In Segeberg 1312/14.  m ([30 Jul/31 Oct] 1313) as her second husband, ANASTASIA von Schwerin, widow of WALDEMAR Herzog von Schleswig, daughter of NIKOLAUS [I] Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg & his second wife Miroslava von Pommern.  Graf Gerhard [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         GERHARD (-22 Sep 1350, bur Reinfeld). 

b)         INGEBORG m KONRAD Graf von Oldenburg, son of JOHANN [II] Graf von Oldenburg in Oldenburg & his second wife Hedwig von Diepholz (-8 Jul 1350). 

3.         WALDEMAR (-29 Jun 1308).  The Annales Lubicenses name "Gherardum præpositum Lubicensem subdyaconum et Waldemarum laycum" as the two sons of "Gherardi comitis Holzatiæ" by his first wife[138]

4.         ELISABETH von Holstein (-20 Jul [1318/19])m as his second wife, OTTO I Duke of Pomerania-Stettin, son of BARNIM I Duke of Pomerania & his third wife Beatrix von Brandenburg [Askanier] ([1 Jan /31 Aug] 1279-30/31 Dec 1344). 

Graf Gerhard & his second wife had one child: 

5.         JOHANN von Holstein ([1297]-27 Sep 1359, bur Reinfeld).  The Annales Lubicenses name "Agnes uxor Gherardi comits Holtzatiæ" as mother of "Iohannis postea comitis Holzatiæ"[139].  In Kiel 1312.  In Segeberg 1314.  In Plön and Langeland 1332.  m firstly ([25 Dec 1317/27 Jan 1319]) as her second husband, KATHARINA von Glogau, widow of JOHANN V Markgraf von Brandenburg, daughter of HEINRICH I Duke of Glogau [Piast] & his wife Mechtild von Braunschweig-Lüneburg ([1300/05]-[5 Dec 1323/1326]).  m secondly (1327, Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 15 Jul 1329) MIROSLAWA von Schwerin, daughter of NIKOLAUS I Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg & his second wife Miroslava von Pommern (-after 19 Feb 1368).  Graf Johann & his first wife had three children: 

a)         AGNES (-1386, bur Ratzeburg Cathedral)m (contract Trittau 22 Mar 1327, before 1349) ERICH von Sachsen-Lauenburg, son of ERICH I Herzog von Sachsen in Ratzeburg und Lauenburg & his wife Elisabeth von Pommern (-1369).  He succeeded his father in 1361 as ERICH II Herzog von Sachsen in Ratzeburg und Lauenburg

b)         MECHTILD (-after 6 Jan 1367).  m (1341) as his second wife, NIKOLAUS [III] Herr von Werle zu Güstrow, son of JOHANN [II] Herr von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Mechtild von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (-[10 Aug 1360/1 Aug 1361]). 

c)         ELISABETH (-[10 Aug 1391/15 Aug 1410])m (1341) BERNHARD [II] Herr von Werle zu Waren, son of JOHANN [II] Herr von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Mechtild von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (-[16 Jan 1382/12 Mar 1390]). 

Graf Johann & his second wife had three children: 

d)         ADOLF [IX] von Holstein (-26 Jan 1390, bur Hamburg Cathedral).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "comes Iohannes…filium comitem Adolphum" when recording his marriage[140].  Graf 1358.  m (contract Travemünde 20 Jun 1362, [4 Dec 1362/21 Sep 1365]) ANNA von Mecklenburg, daughter of ALBRECHT II "der Große" Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Eufemia Eriksdatter of Sweden (-1415 after 26 Jan).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Alberti regis Swecie sororem…Annam" as wife of "comes Iohannes…filium comitem Adolphum", commenting that she was sterile[141]

e)         GERHARD .  Canon at Lübeck Cathedral 1349. 

f)          MIROSLAWA (-before 1379)m ([19 Nov 1357/14 Jan 1358]) as his first wife, OTTO von Braunschweig-Göttingen, son of ERNST I Herzog von Braunschweig in Braunschweig und Göttingen & his wife Elisabeth von Hessen ([1340]-Hardegsen 13 Dec 1394, bur Wiebrechtshausen).  He succeeded his father in 1366 as OTTO "der Quade" Herzog von Braunschweig in Göttingen

 

 

 

E.      GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN-SCHAUENBURG 1290-1640

 

 

ADOLF von Holstein, son of GERHARD I Graf von Holstein in Itzehoe & his first wife Elisabeth von Mecklenburg (-13 May 1315, bur Loccum).  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[142].  Monk 1285.  Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg.  "Adolphus comes Holtsacie et Schowenborg" sold "castrum Sassenhagen", granted by "quondam dominorum nostrorum Saxonie ducum…cum eorum sorore uxore nostra domina Elena in contractu matrimonii", by charter dated 14 Feb 1297[143].  "Adolfus comes de Schawenboch" exchanged property with the bishop of Minden, with the consent of "Helene uxoris nostre et Adolfi filii nostri", by charter dated 23 Nov 1298[144].  "Adolphus comes Holtsacie et in Schowenburg" donated property to Ouerenkerken, with the consent of "Helene uxoris nostre, Adolphi, Gerhardi et Erici filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Mar 1308[145].  The necrology of Visbeck records the death "III Id May 1315" of "Adolfus comes"[146]

m (14 Feb 1294) as her second husband, HELENE von Sachsen, widow of GÜNTHER [V] Graf von Schwarzburg, daughter of JOHANN I Herzog von Sachsen, Engern und Westfalen & his wife Ingeborg of Sweden (-after 13 Sep 1337, bur Loccum).  Her parentage and second marriage are indicated by the charter dated 14 Feb 1297 under which "Adolphus comes Holtsacie et Schowenborg" sold "castrum Sassenhagen", granted by "quondam dominorum nostrorum Saxonie ducum…cum eorum sorore uxore nostra domina Elena in contractu matrimonii"[147].  "Adolfus comes de Schawenboch" exchanged property with the bishop of Minden, with the consent of "Helene uxoris nostre et Adolfi filii nostri", by charter dated 23 Nov 1298[148].  "Adolphus comes Holtsacie et in Schowenburg" donated property to Ouerenkerken, with the consent of "Helene uxoris nostre, Adolphi, Gerhardi et Erici filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Mar 1308[149].  "Juncker Alff, Fruwe Helena unse moder, Gerhardt und Erich, Graven tho Holsten und Schomborch" donated property to Ouerenkerken by charter dated 1315[150]

Graf Adolf & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ADOLF [VII] ([1295/97]-9 Oct 1353, bur Kloster Visbeck).  "Adolfus comes de Schawenboch" exchanged property with the bishop of Minden, with the consent of "Helene uxoris nostre et Adolfi filii nostri", by charter dated 23 Nov 1298[151].  "Adolphus comes Holtsacie et in Schowenburg" donated property to Ouerenkerken, with the consent of "Helene uxoris nostre, Adolphi, Gerhardi et Erici filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Mar 1308[152].  He succeeded his father in 1315 as Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg.  "Juncker Alff, Fruwe Helena unse moder, Gerhardt und Erich, Graven tho Holsten und Schomborch" donated property to Ouerenkerken by charter dated 1315[153].  The necrology of Visbeck records the death "VII Id Oct" of "Adolfus comes qui cum fratre suo Gerhardo epo dedit…"[154]m firstly (Papal dispensation 4o 25 Feb 1301) HEDWIG von Schwalenberg, daughter of ---.  Pope Boniface VIII issued a dispensation for the marriage of "Adolfi comitis de Schovemburg" and "Hadewigis comitisse de Swartemberg" despite 4o consanguinity dated 9 Aug 1299[155]m secondly (1322 before 25 Jul) HEILWIG zur Lippe, daughter of SIMON [I] zur Lippe & his wife --- (-after 5 Mar 1369, bur Kloster Visbeck).  Graf Adolf [VII] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         ADOLF [VIII] (-Famagusta 12 Oct 1366, bur Famagusta Franciscan Church).  He succeeded his father in 1353 as Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg. 

b)         HEILWIG .  1330. 

c)         ADELHEID (-after 1376)m (1348) HEINRICH Graf von Sternberg [Schwalenberg] .  1335/1385. 

Graf Adolf [VII] & his second wife had eight children: 

d)         GERHARD (-at sea Mediterranean 28 Sep 1366).  Thesaurarius at Minden Cathedral 1349/1359, kustos 1353/1361, generalvikar 1355/1361.  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1354.  Administrator of Verden 1356/1357.  Elected Bishop of Minden 1361, installed 1362. 

e)         SIMON (-Petershagen [1361]).  Canon at Minden Cathedral 1350/1356.  Canon at Hamburg and Bremen.  Canon of St Gereon at Köln 1354.  He died in a tournament[156]

f)          OTTO von Holstein-Schauenburg (-after 16 Mar 1404, bur Kloster Obernkirchen).  He succeeded his brother in 1366 as OTTO I Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg. 

-        see below.  

g)         BERNHARD (-[1398/1403]).  Canon at Minden Cathedral 1353/1361.  Provost at Ohsen 1362.  Provost at Hamburg Cathedral 1363/1398. 

h)         HELENA .  Nun at Visbeck 1353.  

i)          MECHTILD .  Franciscan nun at Lemgo 1367/1385. 

j)          ANNA (-3 Jan 1358)m ([1346]) as his second wife, JOHANN von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH II "dem Löwen" Fürst von Mecklenburg & his second wife Anna von Sachsen-Wittenberg (-[1393 after 28 Mar], bur Strelitz).  He was created Herzog von Mecklenburg und Fürst by Imperial Order at Prague 8 Jul 1348. 

k)         ELISABETH (-before 30 Apr 1411).  [Abbess of Elten 1400.]

2.         GERHARD (after 1297-1 Jan 1353, bur Minden Cathedral).   "Adolphus comes Holtsacie et in Schowenburg" donated property to Ouerenkerken, with the consent of "Helene uxoris nostre, Adolphi, Gerhardi et Erici filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Mar 1308[157].  "Juncker Alff, Fruwe Helena unse moder, Gerhardt und Erich, Graven tho Holsten und Schomborch" donated property to Ouerenkerken by charter dated 1315[158].  Canon at Hildesheim and Halberstadt Cathedrals 1329/1347.  Deacon at Minden Cathedral 1334/1348.  Bishop of Minden 1347.  

3.         ERICH ([1304]-21 Oct 1350).  "Adolphus comes Holtsacie et in Schowenburg" donated property to Ouerenkerken, with the consent of "Helene uxoris nostre, Adolphi, Gerhardi et Erici filiorum nostrorum", by charter dated 5 Mar 1308[159].  "Juncker Alff, Fruwe Helena unse moder, Gerhardt und Erich, Graven tho Holsten und Schomborch" donated property to Ouerenkerken by charter dated 1315[160].  Canon and provost at Hamburg Cathedral 1328.  Bishop of Hildesheim 1331.  

4.         ELISABETH .  1316/1332.  m ([1316], Papal dispensation Avignon 21 Jan 1320) HEINRICH [III] Graf von Schwerin, son of HELMOLD [III] Graf von Schwerin & his first wife Mechtild von Sachsen (-1344). 

5.         HELENE (-1341 before 28 Jan).  Nun at Visbeck.  m ([1320]) HEINRICH [VIII] Graf und Herr zu Schwarzburg (-after 11 Jun 1350).  Herr zu Leutenberg 1326. 

6.         LUITGARD (-before 22 Jan 1387).  Nun at Visbeck. 

7.         MECHTILD (-before 1340)m ([1325]) KONRAD [VI] Herr von Diepholz (-before 14 Feb 1379). 

 

 

OTTO von Holstein-Schauenburg, son of ADOLF VI Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg & his wife Helene von Sachsen (-after 16 Mar 1404, bur Kloster Obernkirchen).  Provost of St Bonifatius at Hammeln 1363/1366.  He succeeded his brother in 1366 as OTTO I Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg.  In Grafschaft Sternberg 1377.  

m (25 Jun 1368) as her second husband, MECHTILD von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, widow of LUDWIG Herzog von Braunschweig, daughter of WILHELM Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his second wife Maria --- ([1338/41]-after 16 May 1410). 

Graf Otto I & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         ADOLF [X] (-[17 Mar 1425/9 Oct 1426]).  He succeeded his father in 1405 as ADOLF X Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg.  m (contract 18 Aug 1378) HELENE von Hoya, daughter of ERICH [I] Graf von Hoya in Nienburg (-after 23 Nov 1414).  Graf Adolf [X] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         OTTO von Holstein (1400-2 Jun 1464, bur Visbeck).  He succeeded his father in 1426 as OTTO II Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg. 

-        see below

b)         [HELENE (-after 1446).  Canoness at Vreden 1389, abbess 1446.]  

c)         [ELISABETH (-1449 or after).  [Abbess of Möllenbeck 1406/1407.]  Abbess of Wunstorf 1426/1449.] 

2.         WILHELM (-[1391], bur Obernkirchen). 

3.         MECHTILD (-5 Aug 1440, bur Münster Überwasserkloster).  Nun at Obernkirchen 1388.  Abbess of Überwasser at Münster 1388. 

4.         HELENA .  Canoness at Elten 1443.  Canoness at Überwasser at Münster. 

5.         [ELISABETH (-after 1425)m BERNHARD von Dorstadt (-before 1425).] 

6.         [LUKKARD (-1412 or after).  m LUDOLF [VIII] Herr zu Steinfurt (-1421 before 23 Aug).] 

 

 

OTTO von Holstein-Schauenburg, son of ADOLF IX Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg & his wife Helene von Hoya (1400-2 Jun 1464, bur Visbeck).  He succeeded his father in 1426 as OTTO II Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg. 

m ([1418]) ELISABETH von Honstein, daughter of ERNST [I] Graf von Honstein in Klettenberg, Lohra, Lauterberg und Scharzfeld (-after 5 Jun 1474). 

Graf Otto II & his wife had ten children: 

1.         ADOLF [XII] (-end May 1474, bur Obernkirchen).  He succeeded his father in 1464 as ADOLF XII Graf von Holstein-Schaumburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg.  m (before 17 Jun 1461) IRMGARD von Hoya, daughter of OTTO [II] Graf von Hoya (-after 5 Oct 1481). 

2.         ERICH ([1420/21]-25 Mar 1492, bur Stadthagen Franciscan Kloster).  Co-ruler 1464/1474.  He succeeded his brother in 1474 as ERICH Graf von Holstein-Schaumburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg.  m ([4 May/25 Jul] 1476) HEBA von Ostfriesland, daughter of ULRICH I Graf von Ostfriesland (18 Nov 1457-1476, bur Kloster Marienthal in Norden, transferred 1548 to Emden Grosse Kirche).  Graf Erich had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

a)         ERICH von Schauenburg .  1492. 

3.         ERNST (-22 Jul 1471, bur Hildesheim Cathedral).  Canon at Hildesheim Cathedral 1445/1458.  Elected Bishop of Hildesheim 1458, installed 1459.  

4.         MECHTILD (-Neustadt am Rübenberge 22 Jul 1468, bur Braunschweig Cathedral)m firstly ([1463]) BERNHARD II Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of FRIEDRICH "der Fromme" Herzog von Braunschweig in Lüneburg & his wife Magdalena von Brandenburg (1432-9 Feb 1464, bur Lüneburg St Michael).  m secondly (1466) as his second wife, WILHELM I "der Ältere" Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Wolfenbüttel, son of HEINRICH II Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his first wife Sophie von Pommern (1392-Braunschweig 25 Jul 1482, bur Braunschweig Cathedral). 

5.         OTTO (Rodenberg 9 May 1426-Pinneberg 9 Oct 1510, bur Obernkirchen).  Co-ruler 1492/1498.  He succeeded his brother in 1498 as OTTO Graf von Holstein-Schaumburg in Pinneberg. 

6.         HEINRICH (-Petershagen 25 Jan 1508, bur Minden Cathedral).  Canon and provost at St Moritz in Hildesheim 1472.  Elected Bishop of Minden 1473, installed 1474. 

7.         ANNA (-23 Sep 1495, bur Blomberg Klosterkirche).  m ([13 May 1450/27 Jul 1452]) BERNHARD [VII] Herr zur Lippe (-2 Apr 1511). 

8.         ANTONIUS von Holstein-Schauenburg ([1439]-22 Dec 1526, bur Obernkirchen).  Canon at Köln Cathedral 1456/1491.  Co-ruler 1476/1498.  Archdeacon at Lemgo and thesaurarius of St Liberii at Paderborn 1482.  He succeeded his brother in 1498 as ANTONIUS Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Rodenberg und Schaumburg.  m firstly (29 Nov 1492) SOPHIE von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of JOHANN V Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Dorothea von Brandenburg (-before 1497, bur Obernkirchen).  m secondly (contract 17 Aug 1496, before 25 Sep 1497) ANNA von Schönburg, daughter of ERNST [I] von Schönburg zu Waldenburg, Hartenstein, Lichtenstein und Glauchau (1479-21 May 1533). 

9.         BERNHARD (-1513 or after).  Canon at Hildesheim Cathedral 1464/1513.  Provost of St Moritz at Hildesheim 1511. 

10.      JOHANN (-Rodenberg 30 Mar 1527, bur Obernkirchen).  Herr zu Gemen und Pfandherr der Veste Recklinghausen 1492.  He succeeded his brother in 1492 as JOHANN IV Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Buckeburg und Stadthagen.  m (contract Aug 1476) as her second husband, KORDULA von Gemen, widow of GOSWIN Stecke Gerichtsherr zu Meiderich, daughter of HEINRICH Herr von Gemen und Wevelinghofen (1443-3 May 1528, bur Stadthagen Franciscan Kloster).  Heiress of Gemen.  Graf Johann & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOBST von Holstein-Schauenburg (1483-Bückeburg 5 Jun 1531, bur Möllenbeck).  He succeeded his father in 1527 as JOBST I Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg

-        GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN-SCHAUENBURG[161].  

 

 

 

F.      GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN-RENDSBURG

 

 

HEINRICH von Holstein, son of GERHARD I Graf von Holstein in Itzehoe & his first wife Elisabeth von Mecklenburg (-5 Aug 1304, bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Hinricum comitem" as son of "comes Gherardus"[162].  "Gerhardus et Johannes comites Holsatie" confirmed property held by "Herboldus de Herboldessen", with the consent of "heredum nostrorum…Ludgardis ducisse de Luneburg, Elisabeth comitisse de Welpia, Gerhardi, Adolphi, Henrici, Alberti, filiorum nostrorum et…aliarum filiarum nostrarum Heilewigis et Mechtildis", by charter dated 17 Aug 1272[163]Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Rendsburg.  The necrology of Visbeck records the death "Non Aug" of "Heinricus comes"[164]

m HEILWIG von Bronckhorst, daughter of WILHELM von Bronckhorst Herr von Reckheim (-before 1331).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to the mother of "fratres Gherardus, Ghiselbertus et Iohannes domicellus, filii Hinrici comitis" as "de Reno exortam de Brunckhorst, Wunstorp et Ghemele"[165]

Graf Heinrich & his wife had six children: 

1.         GERHARD (-killed in battle Randers 1 Apr 1340).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "fratres Gherardus, Ghiselbertus et Iohannes domicellus, filii Hinrici comitis"[166].  He succeeded his father in 1304 as GERHARD III "der Große" Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Rendsburg.  Administrator of Denmark 1326/1336.  Duke of Jutland 1326/1330.  m ([1315], Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 2 Jan 1325 and 11 Jul 1326) SOPHIE von Werle, daughter of NIKOLAUS [II] Herr von Werle zu Parchim und Güstrow, Herr von Wenden [Mecklenburg] & his first wife Richiza of Denmark (-after 6 Dec 1339).  Graf Gerhard III & his wife had four children: 

a)         HEINRICH von Holstein-Rendsburg ([1317]-[16 Oct 1384/12 Jun 1389], bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names (in order) "Hinricus ferreus et Nicolaus et Iohannes" as the sons of "Gerardi Magni comitis"[167].  He succeeded his father in 1340 as HEINRICH II "der Eiserne" Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg.  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ records the death of "Ferreus Henricus comes" in 1381 and his burial "in speulchro partum suorum in Idzeho"[168]m firstly MECHTILD zur Lippe, daughter of BERNHARD [V] Herr zur Lippe (-[15 Jun 1362/12 Mar 1365]).  m secondly (before 1374) as her second husband, INGEBORG von Mecklenburg, widow of LUDWIG VI Duke of Bavaria Markgraf von Brandenburg, daughter of ALBRECHT II "der Große" Herzog von Mecklenburg & his first wife Eufemia Eriksdatter of Sweden ([1340]-after 25 Jul 1395, bur Itzehoe).  Graf Heinrich II & his first wife had one child: 

i)          MECHTILD (-after 12 Mar 1365). 

Graf Heinrich II & his second wife had four children: 

ii)         GERHARD von Holstein-Rendsburg (-killed in battle Süderhamme 5 Aug 1404, bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names (in order) "Gerardum primum ducem Sleszwiccensem et Albertum et Hinricum comites" as the sons of "comes Hinricus [ferreus]"[169].  He succeeded in 1382 as GERHARD VI Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg.  He succeeded in 1386 as Herzog von Schleswig

-         see Chapter 2.B. HERZOGEN von SCHLESWIG

iii)        ALBRECHT von Holstein-Rendsburg (-Dithmarschen 28 Sep 1403, bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names (in order) "Gerardum primum ducem Sleszwiccensem et Albertum et Hinricum comites" as the sons of "comes Hinricus [ferreus]"[170].  He succeeded in 1384 as ALBRECHT II Graf von Holstein-Segeberg, and his uncle in 1397 as Graf von Holstein-Rendsburgm (before 23 Mar 1399) AGNES von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of ERICH IV Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Sophie von Braunschweig (-before 1415).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to, but does not name, the wife of "Albertum [fratrem Gherardi ducis Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie]" as "de domo ducum Saxonie", specifying that they left no heirs[171]

iv)       HEINRICH (-Bordesholm Feb 1421).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names (in order) "Gerardum primum ducem Sleszwiccensem et Albertum et Hinricum comites" as the sons of "comes Hinricus [ferreus]", in a later passage specifying that Heinrich was elected "episcopus Osnabrugensis"[172].  Canon at Münster Cathedral 1402.  Bishop of Osnabrück 1402, resigned 1404.  He succeeded in 1404 as HEINRICH III Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg.  

v)        SOPHIE (-after 1451).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to the daughter of "Ferreus Henricus comes" as wife of "duci Pomeraniæ"[173]m ([1398]) BOGISLAW VIII Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern, son of BOGISLAW V Duke of Pomerania in Hinterpommern & his second wife Adelheid von Braunschweig ([1363/68]-11 Feb 1418). 

b)         NIKOLAUS of Holstein-Rendsburg ([1321]-8 May 1397, bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names (in order) "Hinricus ferreus et Nicolaus et Iohannes" as the sons of "Gerardi Magni comitis", specifying that Nikolaus died without male heirs[174].  He succeeded in 1390 as NIKOLAUS Graf von Holstein-Rendsburgm (1354) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, widow of OTTO von Sachsen-Wittenberg, daughter of WILHELM Joint Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Lüneburg & his first wife Hedwig von Ravensberg (-17 Apr 1384).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to the wife of "Nicolaus comes" as mother of "Alberti ducis Saxonie"[175].  Graf Nikolaus & his wife had one child: 

i)          ELISABETH (-25 Jan 1416, bur Cammin). m firstly ALBRECHT IV Herzog von Mecklenburg, son of HEINRICH III Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin & his first wife Ingeborg of Denmark (-before 24 Jun [1387/88]).  m secondly (1404) ERICH V Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg, son of ERICH IV Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Sophie von Braunschweig (-end 1435). 

c)         ADOLF ([1330]-after 1359).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names (in order) "Hinricus ferreus et Nicolaus et Iohannes" as the sons of "Gerardi Magni comitis"[176]

d)         ELISABETH ([1340]-1402).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to the daughter of "Gerardi Magni comitis" as "claustralis in Elten abbatissa, prius copulata regis Swecie et in mari prohibita"[177]

2.         GISELBERT (-[20 Dec 1343/25 May 1344]).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names (in order) "Ghiselbertem archiepiscopum Bremensem…magnum Gherardum comitem et Iohannem fratrem eius" as the heirs of "Hinricum comitem"[178].  Canon of St Gereon at Köln before 1324.  Canon at Lübeck Cathedral 1327.  Canon at Bremen Cathedral 1327, cantor 1333, provost 1339/1343.  Canon at Schwerin Cathedral 1328. 

3.         JOHANN .  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "fratres Gherardus, Ghiselbertus et Iohannes domicellus, filii Hinrici comitis"[179]

4.         ADELHEID [Agnes] (-[1349/50]).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to "filiam [Hinrici comitis]" as the wife of "duci Sleszwiccensi" and mother of "dux Woldemarus postea…rex Dacie"[180]m firstly (1313) ERICH II Herzog von Schleswig, son of WALDEMAR IV Herzog von Schleswig & his first wife Elisabeth von Sachsen-Lauenburg (-12 Mar 1325, bur Schleswig Cathedral).  m secondly ([21 Sep 1326/22 Feb 1333]) DIETRICH Graf von Honstein in Heringen und Hohenstein (-1379). 

5.         ELISABETH ([1300]-before 1340).  Her parentage is confirmed by the Chronica Jutensis which records disputes between "Christoferum" and "comitem Gerardum", adding that "rex Ericus" repudiated "sororem eius"[181]m firstly ([1315]) JOHANN II Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg, son of JOHANN I Herzog von Sachsen, Engern und Westfalen & his wife Ingeborg of Sweden (-22 Apr 1322).  m secondly (1330, divorced 1331) ERIK of Denmark, son of CHRISTOFFER II King of Denmark & his wife Euphemia of Pomerania-Wolgast ([1307]-Kiel early 1332, bur Sorø Abbey). 

6.         ERMENGARD (-27 Dec after 1329).  m (Papal dispensation 4o Avignon 25 Jan 1323) OTTO [I] Graf von Hoya zu Nienburg (-[23 Apr/2 Aug] 1324). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    HERZOGEN von SCHLESWIG

 

 

 

A.      HERZOGEN von SCHLESWIG (FAMILY of KINGS of DENMARK)

 

 

ERIK Abelsen, son of ABEL King of Denmark & his wife Mechtild von Holstein (-27 May 1272).  The Annales Hamburgenses name "Ericus filius Abel regis" when recording that he received the "ducatum" in 1259[182].  He succeeded his brother in 1257 as ERIK I Herzog von Schleswig [Sønderjylland].  The Chronica Jutensis records that "Ericus filius Abel" was made "dux Jacie" after the death of "Waldemaro fratre eius"[183].  The Annales Ryenses record the death in 1272 of "dux Ericus"[184]

m ([1257/60]) MARGARETA von Rügen, daughter of JAROMAR II Fürst von Rügen & his wife Euphemia von Pommerellen [Pomorze] (-1272 after 27 May).  The Cronica Principum Saxonie records the wife of "Erichus [filius Abel]" as "filiam Ieronimi principis Ranorum sive Rugianorum"[185].  The Annales Ryenses record the death in 1272 of "ducissa Margareta in partu", listed after the death of her husband[186]

Duke Erik I & his wife had three children: 

1.         WALDEMAR (-1312, bur Schleswig Cathedral).  The Annales Lubicenses name "Woldemarus et Ericus" as sons of "dux Iutiæ", specifying that they were "minoris ætatit" when their father died in 1272[187].  He succeeded his father as WALDEMAR IV Herzog von Schleswig [Sønderjylland].  The Annales Lubicenses record that "Waldemarus ducis Erici filius" obtained the "ducatum Iutiæ" in 1283[188].  The Annales Lubicenses record that "Woldemarum ducem Iutiæ" together with "eius dapiferum Tukonem dictus Apelgard" were captured by "Ericus Danorum rex" in 1285[189].  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, appoints "…dominum Ericum ducem Suecie et dominos Waldemarum ducem Suecie ac Ericum ducem Langlandie nepotes meos" as executors[190].  "Witzlaus et Samborus…principes Ruyanorum" confirmed a grant of property "in nostra civitate Stralsundi…villam…Teuin" by "avunculi nostri dominus Woldemarus Jutie dux et Ericus dominus Langelandie" to "burgensi in Stralsundt Gervino…de Semelow, tunc temporis Proconsuli" by charter dated 1303[191]m firstly (1287, Papal dispensation 13 Nov 1289) ELISABETH von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of JOHANN I Herzog von Sachsen, Engern und Westfalen & his wife Ingeborg of Sweden (-before 1306).  The Annales Lubicenses records in 1288 the marriage "priori anno" of "Waldemarus rex dux Iutiæ" and "filiam Iohannis ducis Saxoniæ"[192].  The primary source which confirms her name has not so far been identified.  m secondly (1306) as her first husband, ANASTASIA von Schwerin, daughter of NIKOLAUS I Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg & his second wife Miroslava von Pommern.  The Annales Lubicenses record the second marriage in 1306 of "Woldemarus dux Iutiæ" and "filia Nicholai comitis de Wittenborch"[193].  She married secondly (30 Jul 1313) Gerhard IV Graf von Holstein und Schauenburg (-1323).  Duke Waldemar IV & his first wife had one child: 

a)         ERICH (-12 Mar 1325, bur Schleswig Cathedral).  He succeeded his father in 1312 as ERICH II Herzog von Schleswigm (1313) as her first husband, ADELHEID von Holstein-Rendsburg, daughter of HEINRICH I Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg & his wife Heilwig von Bronckhorst (-[1349/50]).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to "filiam [Hinrici comitis]" as the wife of "duci Sleszwiccensi" and mother of "dux Woldemarus postea…rex Dacie"[194].  She married secondly ([21 Sep 1326/22 Feb 1333]) Dietrich Graf von Honstein-Heeringen (-1378).  Duke Erich II & his wife had two children: 

i)          WALDEMAR (1314-1364).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "dux Woldemarus postea…rex Dacie" as son of "filiam [Hinrici comitis]" & "duci Sleszwiccensi"[195].  He succeeded his father in 1325 as WALDEMAR V Herzog von Schleswig.  Anti-King of Denmark 1326-1330.  m RICHARDIS von Schwerin, daughter of GÜNZEL [VI] Graf von Schwerin in Wittenburg & his wife Richardis von Tecklenburg [Bentheim-Holland] (-1384).  Duke Waldemar V & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HEINRICH von Schleswig (-[7 Jul/25 Sep] 1375)m (1370) KUNIGUNDE, daughter of --- (-1385).

(b)       WALDEMAR (-before 1364).

ii)         HEILWIG von Schleswig (-Esrom Abbey [1374], bur Esrom Abbey).  The Chronica Jutensis records that "Waldemarus regis Christoferi filius natu minimus" married "sororem Waldemari ducis Jucie" just before he was elected king[196]m (Sønderborg Castle shortly before 4 Jun 1340) VALDEMAR IV "Atterdag" King of Denmark, son of CHRISTOFFER II King of Denmark & his wife Euphemia of Pomerani-Wolgast ([1320]-Gurre Castle 24 Oct 1375, bur Vordingborg Castle, transferred 1377 to Sorø Abbey).

Duke Waldemar IV had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

b)         ABEL Valdemarsen [Sappi].  1330/32.  m CECILIE, daughter of ---.  Abel & his wife had two children: 

i)          ERIK Abelsen Rynd [Sappi].  1349/64.  m CATHRINE Eriksdatter [Urne], daughter of ERIK --- & his wife --- Nielsdatter [Urne].  1381/1400.  Erik & his wife had three children: 

(a)        VALDEMAR Eriksen [Sappi].

(b)        ABEL Eriksen [Sappi].

(c)        PETER Eriksen [Sappi].  At Solvig.  m SOPHIE Henriksdatter [Serlin], daughter of HENRIK Cernyn [Serlin].  Peter & his wife had one child: 

(1)        ANNA Pedersdatter [Sappi]m MADS Görtz [Gjordsen] from Solvig, son of EGGERT Görtz [Gjordsen] (-after 1424).

ii)         VALDEMAR Abelsen [Sappi].  1351/68.  m ---.  Valdemar & his wife had one child: 

(a)        --- Valdemarsdatter [Sappi]m JON Pedersen [Skram], son of [PEDER Skram & Edel Pedersdatter.

2.         MARGARETE (-after 14 Aug 1313)m (before 1287) as his second wife, HELMOLD [III] Graf von Schwerin, son of GÜNZEL [III] Graf von Schwerin & his wife Margarete von Mecklenburg (-1297 or after).

3.         ERIK Eriksen "Langben/Long-bone" (1272-1310).  The Annales Lubicenses name "Woldemarus et Ericus" as sons of "dux Iutiæ", specifying that they were "minoris ætatit" when their father died in 1272[197].  The Annales Ryenses record the death in 1272 of "ducissa Margareta in partu"[198], presumably giving birth to Erik unless there was a younger child whose existence is unrecorded elsewhere.  Duke of Langeland 1289.  The testament of "Wizlavus senior Ruyanorum princeps", dated 27 Dec 1302, appoints "…dominum Ericum ducem Suecie et dominos Waldemarum ducem Suecie ac Ericum ducem Langlandie nepotes meos" as executors[199].  "Witzlaus et Samborus…principes Ruyanorum" confirmed a grant of property "in nostra civitate Stralsundi…villam…Teuin" by "avunculi nostri dominus Woldemarus Jutie dux et Ericus dominus Langelandie" to "burgensi in Stralsundt Gervino…de Semelow, tunc temporis Proconsuli" by charter dated 1303[200].  [m (1296) AGNES of Denmark, daughter of ERIK IV "Pflugpfennig" King of Denmark & his wife Jutta von Sachsen ([1249]-after 1296).  The Icelandic Annals record the marriage in 1296 of "Ericus dux Langelandiæ" and "Agnesam virginem, materteram Erici regis Norvegiæ"[201].  This marriage appears unlikely considering the considerable age difference between the alleged spouses.]  m (in Norway 1295) SOPHIE von Rosenburg, daughter of BURCHARD VIII Graf von Rosenburg Burggraf von Magdeburg & his wife --- (-[1325/26]). 

 

 

 

B.      HERZOGEN von SCHLESWIG (FAMILY of GRAFEN von HOLSTEIN)

 

 

GERHARD von Holstein-Rendsburg, son of HEINRICH II "dem Eisernen" Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg & his second wife Ingeburg von Mecklenburg (-killed in battle Süderhamme 5 Aug 1404, bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names (in order) "Gerardum primum ducem Sleszwiccensem et Albertum et Hinricum comites" as the sons of "comes Hinricus [ferreus]"[202].  He succeeded in 1382 as GERHARD VI Graf von Holstein-Rendsburg.  He succeeded in 1386 as Herzog von Schleswig.  He was killed fighting the Dithmarscher[203]

m ([1390]) KATHARINA [Elisabeth] von Braunschweig, daughter of MAGNUS II "Torquatus/mit der Kette" Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg & his wife Katharina von Anhalt (-[1417/3 Apr 1422]).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "de domo Brunszwiccensi sororem ducum Bernhardi, Hinrici et Frederici, nomine Elizabeth" as wife of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie"[204]

Graf Gerhard VI & his wife had six children: 

1.         INGEBORG (1396-14 Oct 1465).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to, but does not name, the second daughter of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie" & his wife specifying that she was a nun "in claustro Wasteen"[205].  Nun at Vadstena 1408, abbess 1447/1452 and 1461/1465. 

2.         HEINRICH (1397-killed in battle near Flensburg 28 May 1427, bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Hinricum, Adolphum et Gherardum et duas filias" as the children of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie" & his wife, commenting in a later passage that Heinrich was aged 7 when his father died[206].  He succeeded his father in 1404 as HEINRICH IV Herzog von Schleswig

3.         HEDWIG (1398-1436, bur Oldenburg St Lambert).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ refers to, but does not name, one daughter of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie" & his wife as the wife firstly of "Baltazaro domino Slavorum" (by whom she was childless) and secondly of "comiti Theoderico de Oldenburg"[207].  Schleswig and Holstein were eventually inherited by the descendants of Hedwig by her second husband.  m firstly (Papal dispensation 3o 18 May 1411[208], before 18 Apr 1417) as his second wife, BALTHASAR Fürst von Wenden Herr von Werle zu Güstrow, son of LORENZ Fürst von Werle zu Güstrow [Mecklenburg] & his wife Mechtild von Werle [Mecklenburg] (-5 Apr 1421).  m secondly (contract 23 Nov 1423) as his second wife, DIETRICH Graf von Oldenburg, son of CHRISTIAN [XI] Graf von Oldenburg & his wife Agnes von Honstein (-Delmenhorst 14 Feb 1440, bur Oldenburg St Lambert). 

4.         ADOLF (1401-Lübeck 4 Dec 1459, bur Itzehoe).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Hinricum, Adolphum et Gherardum et duas filias" as the children of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie" & his wife, commenting in a later passage that Adolf was aged 3 when his father died[209].  He succeeded his brother in 1427 as ADOLF XI Herzog von Schleswig.  Zu Hadersleben and Ärøe 1439.  m firstly MECHTILD, daughter of --- (-after 1430).  m secondly (1433) MARGARETA von Mansfeld, daughter of ALBRECHT [II] Graf von Mansfeld (-Eisleben 21 Jan 1496).  

5.         GERHARD von Holstein (posthumously 1404-Emmerich 24 Jul 1433, bur Emmerich St Martin).  The Chronicon Holtzatiæ names "Hinricum, Adolphum et Gherardum et duas filias" as the children of "Gherardus dux Sleszwiccensis et Holtzacie" & his wife, commenting in a later passage that Gerhard was "in utero matris" when his father died[210].  m (contract Ettlingen 23 Feb 1432, Baden before 2 Jun 1432, divorced 1433) as her first husband, AGNES von Baden, daughter of BERNHARD I Markgraf von Baden & his second wife Anna von Oettingen (1408-Ebersteinburg 1473).  She married secondly (secretly betrothed 2 Jun 1436) Hans von Hewen (-after 1467).  She was imprisoned from 1437 at Ebersteinburg, and died there blind.  Graf Gerhard & his wife had two children: 

a)         HEINRICH (16 Jan 1433-young).  Twin with his sister Katharina.  He drowned in the River Schlei soon after his birth. 

b)         KATHARINA (16 Jan 1433-after 9 Oct 1434).  Twin with her brother Heinrich.  A nun at Preetz.  

 

 



[1] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), p. 15. 

[2] Christiansen, E. (1980) Saxo Grammaticus, Danorum Regum Heroumque Historia, Books X-XVI (B. A. R. International Series 84), p. 279 footnote 42. 

[3] Jordan (1986), p. 43. 

[4] Jordan (1986), p. 53. 

[5] Fuhrmann, H., trans. Reuter, T. (1995) Germany in the high middle ages c.1050-1200 (Cambridge University Press), p. 89. 

[6] Jordan (1986), p. 17. 

[7] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 13, MGH SS XXI, p. 261. 

[8] Boehmer, J. F. (1868) Fontes Rerum Germanicarum, Band IV (Stuttgart), Kalendarium Necrologicum Monasterii Visbeccensis ("Visbeck"), p. 498. 

[9] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 473. 

[10] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 473. 

[11] Annales Stadenses 1164, MGH SS XVI, p. 345.  

[12] Fuhrmann (1995), p. 124. 

[13] Haverkamp, A. (1988) Medieval Germany 1056-1273 (Oxford University Press), p. 173. 

[14] Jordan (1986), p. 20. 

[15] Fuhrmann (1995), p. 124. 

[16] Jordan (1986), p. 26. 

[17] Fuhrmann (1995), p. 125. 

[18] Fuhrmann (1995), p. 151. 

[19] Jordan (1986), p. 27. 

[20] Jordan (1986), p. 34. 

[21] Jordan (1986), p. 71. 

[22] Jordan (1986), p. 81. 

[23] Visbeck, p. 495. 

[24] Jordan (1986), p. 82. 

[25] Jordan (1986), p. 175. 

[26] Jordan (1986), p. 176. 

[27] Jordan (1986), p. 177. 

[28] Jordan (1986), p. 186. 

[29] Hasse, P. (ed.) (1886) Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden (Hamburg, Leipzig), Band I, 164, p. 87. 

[30] Jordan (1986), pp. 188-9. 

[31] Jordan (1986), p. 189. 

[32] Jordan (1986), p. 194. 

[33] Stumpf, K. F. (ed.) (1863) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Erzbisthums Mainz im zwölften Jahrhundert (Acta Maguntina Seculi XII) (Innsbruck) ("Mainz Urkunden 12th Century"), 136, p. 139. 

[34] Erhard, H. A. (ed.) (1851) Regesta historiæ Westfaliæ (Münster) ("Westfaliæ Regesta") Band II, DXCII, p. 267. 

[35] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 383, p. 169. 

[36] Visbeck, p. 495. 

[37] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum III, 1, MGH SS XXI, p. 143. 

[38] Hodenberg, W. von (ed.) (1858) Calenberger Urkundenbuch, Dritte Abtheilung (Stift Loccum) (Hannover) ("Calenberger Urkundenbuch III Stift Loccum") 12, p. 15. 

[39] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum V, 1, MGH SS XXI, p. 180. 

[40] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 165, p. 87. 

[41] Westfaliæ Regesta, Band II, DXCII, p. 267. 

[42] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 446, p. 203. 

[43] Wippermann, C. W. (1853) Regesta Schaumburgensia (Cassel), 99, p. 56. 

[44] Visbeck, p. 495. 

[45] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 109, p. 61. 

[46] Westfaliæ Regesta, Band II, DXCII, p. 267. 

[47] Jungio, J. H. (1774) (Hannover) Historiæ antiquísima comitatus Benthemiensis, Codex diplomatum et documentorum variorum pro Historia Benthemiensi ("Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi"), XXVI, p. 66. 

[48] Codex diplomatum Benthemiensi, XXVII, p. 67. 

[49] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 473. 

[50] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 551, p. 248.  

[51] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 570, p. 255. 

[52] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 515, p. 237. 

[53] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) 85, p. 66. 

[54] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 551, p. 248. 

[55] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 680, p. 283. 

[56] Excerpta ex Chronica Godefridi Coloniensis 1198-1238, Fontes rerum Germanicarum II, p. 356. 

[57] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 281, p. 134. 

[58] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 287, p. 136. 

[59] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 328, p. 150. 

[60] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 340, p. 154. 

[61] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 368, p. 164. 

[62] ES I.2 185. 

[63] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2005, p. 157. 

[64] Jordan (1986), p. 20. 

[65] Jordan (1986), p. 26. 

[66] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 473. 

[67] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I 786-1250 (Schwerin, 1863), 314, p. 301. 

[68] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 438, p. 200. 

[69] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 446, p. 203. 

[70] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 515, p. 237. 

[71] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 578, p. 260. 

[72] Annales Stadenses 1238, MGH SS XVI, p. 363.  

[73] Annales Hamburgenses 1238, MGH SS XVI, p. 383. 

[74] Annales Stadenses 1239, MGH SS XVI, p. 365.  

[75] ES I.3 298. 

[76] Annales Stadenses 1238, MGH SS XVI, p. 363.  

[77] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 446, p. 203. 

[78] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 578, p. 260. 

[79] Birth date range estimated from her having given birth to her first child in 1238. 

[80] Gertz, M. C. (ed.) (1917) Scriptores Minores Historiæ Danicæ medii ævi (Copenhagen), Vol. I, Chronica Jutensis, p. 443. 

[81] Annales Stadenses 1237 and 1241, MGH SS XVI, pp. 363 and 367.  

[82] Íslenzkir Annálar sive Annales Islandici (Copenhagen, 1847) ("Annales Islandici"), 1237, p. 111. 

[83] Annales Islandici, 1261, p. 131. 

[84] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 578, p. 260. 

[85] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 592, p. 266. 

[86] Annales Stadenses 1239 and 1241, MGH SS XVI, pp. 365 and 367.  

[87] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 680, p. 283. 

[88] Annales Stadenses 1246, MGH SS XVI, p. 371.  

[89] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 18, MGH SS XXI, p. 267. 

[90] Annales Hamburgenses 1263, MGH SS XVI, p. 385. 

[91] Visbeck, p. 497. 

[92] Annales Stadenses 1239, MGH SS XVI, p. 365.  

[93] Cronica Principum Saxonie, MGH SS XXV, p. 476. 

[94] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 176b, p. 89. 

[95] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 474. 

[96] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[97] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[98] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 474. 

[99] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 176b, p. 89. 

[100] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[101] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 176b, p. 89. 

[102] ES I.3 298. 

[103] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 176b, p. 89. 

[104] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[105] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 578, p. 260. 

[106] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 578, p. 260. 

[107] Annales Stadenses 1239, MGH SS XVI, p. 365.  

[108] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 578, p. 260. 

[109] Annales Stadenses 1239, MGH SS XVI, p. 365.  

[110] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 18, MGH SS XXI, p. 267. 

[111] Schleswig-Holstein Regesten und Urkunden, Band I, 680, p. 283. 

[112] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 176b, p. 89. 

[113] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[114] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 474. 

[115] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 474. 

[116] Annales Hamburgenses 1265, MGH SS XVI, p. 385. 

[117] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[118] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[119] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 176b, p. 89. 

[120] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[121] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 176b, p. 89. 

[122] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[123] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[124] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 18, MGH SS XXI, p. 267. 

[125] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[126] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[127] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[128] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[129] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 176b, p. 89. 

[130] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[131] Annales Lubicenses 1304, MGH SS XVI, p. 419. 

[132] Diplomatarium Suecanum 604, p. 503. 

[133] Gertz, M. C. (ed.) (1918) Scriptores Minores Historiæ Danicæ medii ævi (Copenhagen), Vol. II, Vetus Chronica Sialandie, p. 72. 

[134] Annales Lubicenses 1304, MGH SS XVI, p. 419. 

[135] Gertz, M. C. (ed.) (1918) Scriptores Minores Historiæ Danicæ medii ævi (Copenhagen), Vol. II, Sepulchalia, I Tabula Ringstadiensis, p. 86. 

[136] Annales Lubicenses 1296, MGH SS XVI, p. 416. 

[137] Annales Lubicenses 1304, MGH SS XVI, p. 419. 

[138] Annales Lubicenses 1304, MGH SS XVI, p. 419. 

[139] Annales Lubicenses 1304, MGH SS XVI, p. 419. 

[140] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 23, MGH SS XXI, p. 277. 

[141] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 23, MGH SS XXI, p. 277. 

[142] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[143] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 259, p. 121. 

[144] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 262b, p. 123. 

[145] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 282, p. 130. 

[146] Visbeck, p. 497. 

[147] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 259, p. 121. 

[148] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 262b, p. 123. 

[149] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 282, p. 130. 

[150] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 296, p. 136. 

[151] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 262b, p. 123. 

[152] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 282, p. 130. 

[153] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 296, p. 136. 

[154] Visbeck, p. 498. 

[155] Rheinlande Vatikanischen, Band I, 95, p. 47. 

[156] ES I.3 299. 

[157] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 282, p. 130. 

[158] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 296, p. 136. 

[159] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 282, p. 130. 

[160] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 296, p. 136. 

[161] See ES I.3 300. 

[162] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 18, MGH SS XXI, p. 267. 

[163] Regesta Schaumburgensia, 183, p. 92. 

[164] Visbeck, p. 498. 

[165] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 20, MGH SS XXI, p. 273. 

[166] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 20, MGH SS XXI, p. 273. 

[167] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 19, MGH SS XXI, p. 271. 

[168] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 26, MGH SS XXI, p. 281. 

[169] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 19, MGH SS XXI, p. 271. 

[170] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 19, MGH SS XXI, p. 271. 

[171] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[172] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 19 and 29, MGH SS XXI, pp. 271 and 286. 

[173] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 25, MGH SS XXI, p. 279. 

[174] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 19, MGH SS XXI, p. 271. 

[175] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 27, MGH SS XXI, p. 283. 

[176] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 19, MGH SS XXI, p. 271. 

[177] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 19, MGH SS XXI, p. 271. 

[178] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 18, MGH SS XXI, p. 267. 

[179] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 20, MGH SS XXI, p. 273. 

[180] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 18, MGH SS XXI, p. 267. 

[181] Chronica Jutensis, p. 453. 

[182] Annales Hamburgenses 1259, MGH SS XVI, p. 384. 

[183] Chronica Jutensis, p. 446. 

[184] Annales Ryenses 1272, MGH SS XVI, p. 408. 

[185] Cronica Principum Saxonie 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 473. 

[186] Annales Ryenses 1272, MGH SS XVI, p. 408. 

[187] Annales Lubicenses 1272, MGH SS XVI, p. 414. 

[188] Annales Lubicenses 1283, MGH SS XVI, p. 415. 

[189] Annales Lubicenses 1285, MGH SS XVI, p. 415. 

[190] Fabricius, C. G. (ed.) (1851) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Fürstenthums Rügen (Stettin) ("Rügen Urkunden"), Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[191] Fabricius, C. G. (ed.) (1858) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Fürstenthums Rügen (Berlin) ("Rügen Urkunden"), Band IV, CCCXI, p. 26. 

[192] Annales Lubicenses 1288, MGH SS XVI, p. 415. 

[193] Annales Lubicenses 1306, MGH SS XVI, p. 420. 

[194] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 18, MGH SS XXI, p. 267. 

[195] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 18, MGH SS XXI, p. 267. 

[196] Chronica Jutensis, p. 456. 

[197] Annales Lubicenses 1272, MGH SS XVI, p. 414. 

[198] Annales Ryenses 1272, MGH SS XVI, p. 408. 

[199] Rügen Urkunden, Band III, CCCVIII, p. 128. 

[200] Rügen Urkunden, Band IV, CCCXI, p. 26. 

[201] Annales Islandici, 1296, p. 173. 

[202] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 19, MGH SS XXI, p. 271. 

[203] ES I.3 301. 

[204] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[205] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[206] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29 and 32, MGH SS XXI, pp. 286 and 290. 

[207] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29, MGH SS XXI, p. 286. 

[208] ES I.3 301.  This date is probably incorrect as the first wife of Balthasar von Werle was still alive at the time. 

[209] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29 and 32, MGH SS XXI, pp. 286 and 290. 

[210] Chronicon Holtzatiæ 29 and 32, MGH SS XXI, pp. 286 and 290.