The menu system requires Java Script to be enabled. If it does not appear please use the Index file for navigation. SCOTTISH EARLS 1162-1396

 

 

SCOTland, earls created 1162-1398

  v3.1 Updated 09 November 2016

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                ROSS. 2

A.         EARL of ROSS (MALCOLM MacEth) 2

B.         EARLS of ROSS (FERQUHARD MacTAGGART) 4

C.        EARLS of ROSS (LESLIE) 8

D.        EARLS of ROSS (MACDONALD) 9

Chapter 2.                MENTEITH. 10

A.         ORIGINS.. 10

B.         EARLS of MENTEITH (STEWART) 13

Chapter 3.                CARRICK. 17

Chapter 4.                LENNOX. 19

A.         EARLS of LENNOX [1210]-1385. 19

B.         EARLS of LENNOX 1488-1571 (STEWART) 30

Chapter 5.                SUTHERLAND. 33

Chapter 6.                DOUGLAS. 35

A.         ORIGINS.. 35

B.         EARLS of DOUGLAS.. 40

C.        EARLS of MORTON.. 48

Chapter 7.                DUKES of ALBANY (STEWART) 53

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document sets out the earldoms and dukedoms created in Scotland between 1162 and 1398.   

 

King Malcolm IV created the new earldoms of Ross and Menteith in 1162 and 1163 respectively.  Under King William I "the Lion", the earldom of Caithness was revived when the Scottish king increased his territorial control in the old province.  King William also created the earldoms of Carrick and Lennox, in 1192 and [1210] respectively.  The Douglas family came to prominence in the mid-14th century, and King David II created the earldom of Douglas in 1358.  The dukedom of Albany was created in 1398. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    ROSS

 

 

 

A.      EARL of ROSS (MALCOLM MacEth)

 

The earldom of Ross was first created in 1162 by Malcolm IV King of Scotland in favour of Floris III Count of Holland who had married his sister, but withdrawn from him.  It was then granted to Malcolm MacEth, probably illegitimate son of Alexander I King of Scotland.  After his death in 1168, it was more than fifty years before the earldom was granted again, to Ferquhard MacTaggart. 

 

 

MALCOLM, illegitimate son of ALEXANDER I King of Scotland & his mistress --- ([1105/15]-).  Orderic Vitalis names "Melcofus" bastard son of King Alexander[1].  Robert of Torigny records that "Aragois comes Morefie cum Melcolmo notho filio Alexandri fratri regis David" invaded Scotland in 1130[2]

same person as …?  MALCOLM MacHeth (-23 Oct 1168[3]).  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Malcolmus filius Macheth" lied to claim he was "filium Angusii comitis Moraviæ" who was killed "tempore…regis David…apud Strucathroth a Scotis" and, after his alleged father’s death, rebelled against King David who imprisoned him "in turre castri de Marchemond, quond nunc Roxburgh nuncupator"[4].  Duncan suggests that these two persons were different, Malcolm MacHeth being the son of "Aed" or "Heth" who witnessed two charters in the early years of the reign of King David I[5].  It appears that Heth was the same person as Beth Mormaer [of Fife].  The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Malcolm Macheth" made peace with the king the year after his son was captured[6].  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that Malcolm MacHeth made peace with King Malcolm the year after his son was captured[7].  He was created Earl of Ross in 1162 or before[8]

m ([1130]) [--- of Argyll, daughter of ---].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Summerledus regulus Ergadiæ et sui nepotes, filii…Malcolmi Macheth" rebelled against King Malcolm IV in the first year of his reign[9].  This assumes that the term "nepos" should be interpreted as "nephews" in that source.  Her marriage date is estimated assuming that it is correct that her husband was imprisoned from 1134, before which his two children must have been born.  There would be no such restriction on the date if Malcolm son of King Alexander I and Malcolm MacHeth were two different persons as suggested by Duncan[10]

Earl Malcolm & his wife had [three or more] children:

1.         DONALD (before 1134-after 1156).  The Chronicle of Melrose records that "Dovenald the son of Malcol was captured at Witern, and imprisoned in the tower at Rokesburc along with his father"[11].  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Summerledus regulus Ergadiæ et sui nepotes, filii…Malcolmi Macheth" rebelled against King Malcolm IV in the first year of his reign and that "nepos eius unus filiorum Malcolmi Macheth, Dovenaldus" was captured "apud Quhythern" and imprisoned "in eadem turre de Marchemond cum patre suo"[12].  There is no mention of his having succeeded his father as Earl of Ross, suggesting that Donald predeceased him. 

2.         son(s) .  The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records the rebellion of "Sumerled kinglet of Argyll and his nephews the sons of Malcolm Macheth" in the first year of the reign of King Malcolm IV[13].  The number of these other sons is not known. 

3.         HVORFLAED [Hvafleda  or Gormflaeth/Gormlath] (before 1134-)Orkneyinga Saga records that “Hvarflod, the daughter of Earl Malcolm of Moray” was the second wife of Earl Harald[14].  The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Harald the earl" was "goaded on by his wife, the daughter of Mached" to rebel against King William in 1196[15]m as his second wife, HARALD Maddadsson Jarl of Orkney, son of MADDAD [of Scotland] Earl of Atholl & his second wife Margaret of Orkney (1134-1206). 

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of ROSS (FERQUHARD MacTAGGART)

 

 

FERQUHARD MacTaggart, son of --- (-Tain Jan 1251, bur Fearn Abbey).  The Chronicle of Melrose records that "Machentagar" defeated the rebellion of Donald MacWilliam (grandson of Duncan II King of Scotland) 15 Jun 1215 and was knighted in reward[16].  He was created Earl of Ross.  "Ferkar comes de Ross" granted "terre in Ros…Clon" to "Waltero de Moravia filio quondam Hugonis de Moravia" by undated charter[17], according to Balfour Paul "dated probably after June 1226"[18].  He founded the abbey of Fearn before 1230.  He defeated a rebellion in Galloway in 1235.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "comes Rossensis Machentagard" defeated a rebellion in Galloway in 1235[19].  "…Domini P comitis de Ros…domini Merlessani filii Comitis…" witnessed the charter dated 1234 which records an agreement between the bishop of Moray and "Walterum Cumyn comitem de Mynynteth" concerning "terra de Kyncardyn"[20]

m ---.  The name of Ferquhard’s wife is not known. 

Ferquhard & his wife had two children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Ross (-Earl's Allan May 1274).  "…W. filio F. comitis de Ros" witnessed the charter dated 12 Sep 1232 which records an agreement between the bishop of Moray and "Gylbertum filium Gylberti quondam comitis de Stratheren" concerning "dimidiam dauacha de Kyncarny"[21].  He succeeded his father in 1251 as Earl of Ross.  He was one of the Scottish magnates who made an alliance with Llewellyn Prince of Wales against England in 1258.  He led an invasion of the Isles in 1262 and is said to have had a grant of the islands of Lewis and Skye from Alexander III King of Scotland[22]m JEAN Comyn, daughter of WILLIAM Comyn Earl of Buchan & his first wife Sarah FitzHugh.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   William & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Ross (-Delny 28 Jan 1323).  He succeeded his father in 1274 as Earl of Ross.  He swore fealty to Edward I King of England in 1292 but took part in the Scottish raids on England in 1296, laying siege to Carlisle and burning Hexham priory.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) names "Willelmo comite de Ros" among those captured by the English at the battle of Dunbar 27 Apr 1296[23].  A charter dated 6 Nov 1297 ordered the Sheriffs of London to pay "…William earl of Ros…knights, Scottish prisoners in the Tower" for their sustenance[24].  He was returned to Scotland in 1303.  m EUPHEME, daughter of --- (-after Jul 1297).  A charter dated 3 Sep 1296 records petitions to King Edward I by women whose estates had been seized in Scotland, including an order of restoration of property to "la contesse de Ros"[25].  "Eufemia comitissa de Ros" asked King Edward I for credence for "domino Andreæ de Rathe militi et Bernardi de Monte Alto clerico meo" by charter dated Jul 1297[26].  William & his wife had three children: 

i)          HUGH de Ross (-killed in battle Halidon Hill 19 Jul 1333, bur Fearn).  A charter dated 28 Aug 1297 records that "Willelmus comes de Ros" was in prison in the Tower of London and granted safe conduct to "Hugone filio suo" to visit him[27].  He succeeded his father in 1323 as Earl of Ross

-         see below

ii)         JOHN de Ross m [as her first husband,] MARGARET Comyn, daughter of ALEXANDER Comyn of Buchan & his wife [Joan de Latimer].  Andrew Wyntoun’s Cronykil records that "Alysandyre", son of "Willame" son of "Alysawndyr that Erle wes off Buchane", had two daughters, the younger of which married "Schyre Jhon de Ross"[28]

iii)        ISABEL .  The Papal dispensation for the marriage of "Edwardi de Brux comitis de Catrilz" and "Ysabellis nate…Gulielmi comitis de Ros", issued by Pope John XXII, is dated 1 Jun 1317[29].  It is assumed that the marriage never took place.  Betrothed to (Papal dispensation 1 Jun 1317) EDWARD Bruce Earl of Carrick, son of ROBERT Bruce Earl of Carrick & his first wife Margaret Ctss of Carrick (-killed in battle Dundalk 14 Oct 1318). 

2.         CHRISTINA .  The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Olav of Man married thirdly “Scristinam filiam Ferkar comitis de Ros[30]m as his third wife, OLAV of Man, son of GODRED King of Man & his wife Aufrica of Galloway (([1172/73]-21 May 1237, bur Russin St Mary). 

 

 

HUGH de Ross, son of WILLIAM de Ross Earl of Ross & his wife Eupheme --- (-killed in battle Halidon Hill 19 Jul 1333, bur Fearn).  A charter dated 28 Aug 1297 records that "Willelmus comes de Ros" was in prison in the Tower of London and granted safe conduct to "Hugone filio suo" to visit him[31].  He succeeded his father in 1323 as Earl of Ross.  The Liber Pluscardensis names "Hugo comes Rossensis" among those killed in battle at Halidon Hill in 1333[32]

m firstly MAUD Bruce, daughter of ROBERT de Brus Earl of Carrick & his first wife Margaret Ctss of Carrick (-after Sep 1323, bur Fearn).  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Robertum comitem de Carric…alia filia" married "Hugoni comiti de Ross"[33]

m secondly (before 1329, Papal dispensation 24 Nov 1329) as her first husband, MARGARET Graham, daughter of --- Graham & his wife ---.  Balfour Paul says that her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter of her son Hugh Earl of Ross which names Patrick de Graham "avunculus meus", but assumes that this means that her father was David Graham and her husband William Earl of Ross[34].  From a chronological point of view, this seems improbable.  It is more likely that Earl Hugh addresses Patrick de Graham as "avunculus", meaning his wife’s uncle, in which case his wife was the daughter of one of Patrick’s brothers.  She married secondly (Papal dispensation 13 Apr 1341) John de Barclay.  [The marriage contract between "Alexm de Moravia de Drumsergorth" and "dominam Eufemiam…Reginam Scocie…dnam Joneta de Munymuske sorore dicte dne Regine" is dated 24 Nov 1370[35].  The chronology suggests that Janet must have been the queen’s uterine sister, born from her mother’s second marriage, otherwise the bride would have been in her late thirties at the time of the marriage.  If that is correct, Janet would have been Margaret’s daughter by John de Barclay.]  

Earl Hugh & his first wife had two children:

1.         WILLIAM de Ross (-Delny 9 Feb 1372).  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) names "Willelmum comitem" as son of "Robertum comitem de Carric…alia filia" and her husband "Hugoni comiti de Ross"[36].  He was in Norway when his father died, and was made Earl of Ross 17 May 1336.  m (Papal dispensation 25 May 1342) MARY Macdonald, daughter of ANGUS Macdonald Lord of the Isles & his wife Agnes of Cathan.  Earl William & his wife had three children:

a)         EUPHEME de Ross ([1345]-after 4 May 1394).  She succeeded her father in 1372 as Ctss of Ross, suo iure.  Robert II King of Scotland confirmed the confirmation made by "consanguineus noster Walterus de Lesley de Ross et...consanguinea nostra Eufamia sponsa sua", of a donation to Fraserburgh made by “Andree Mercer”, by charter dated 1382[37].  She possessed one half of the lands of the earldom of Buchan, which she resigned before their regrant to her second husband[38].  She separated from her second husband, alleging that she lived in fear of her life[39]m firstly (before 13 Sep 1365) WALTER Leslie, son of ANDREW Leslie of Leslie & his wife --- (-Perth 27 Feb 1382).  m secondly ([24 Jul 1382], separated, divorced 1392) ALEXANDER Stewart "the Wolf" of Badenoch, son of ROBERT II King of Scotland & his first wife Elizabeth Mure (1342-[1405/06], bur Dunkeld).  Earl of Ross, de iure uxoris.  He was recognised 25 Jul 1382 as Earl of Buchan. 

b)         JANET de Ross (-before 1400).  [40]m as his first wife, ALEXANDER Fraser, son of ---. 

c)         WILLIAM de Ross (after 1350-after 1357). 

2.         MAUD [Marjory] de Ross m ([1325/28]) as his second wife, MALISE Earl of Strathearn Earl of Caithness and Orkney, son of MALISE Earl of Strathearn & his first wife Agnes --- (-killed in battle Neville’s Cross 17 Oct 1346). 

Earl Hugh & his second wife had two children:

3.         HUGH de Ross .  He was declared heir to the earldom of Ross in 1350.  He was a hostage for the return of David II King of Scotland from the English in 1351[41].  His descendant in the male line, Munro Ross of Pitcarnie, petitioned the House of Lords in 1778 challenging the succession of his ancestor's niece Eupheme as Ctss of Ross in 1372 and claiming the earldom of Ross for himself[42]

4.         EUPHEME de Ross .  The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records that "regis Robert" married secondly "dominam Eufamiam filiam Hugonis comitis Rossensis"[43].  The Papal dispensation for the marriage of "Roberti Stivardi Senescalli Scocie" and "Eufemie comitisse Moravie, relicte quondam Johannis comitis Moravie", issued by Pope Innocent VI, is dated 2 May "anno tertio" (1355)[44].  The Liber Pluscardensis records the coronation in 1372 at Scone of "regina Eufemia…filia comitis Rossensis"[45]m firstly JOHN Randolph Earl of Moray, son of THOMAS Randolph Earl of Moray & his wife Isabel Stewart Lady of Gailies (-killed in battle Neville's Cross 17 Oct 1346).  m secondly (Papal dispensation 2 May 1355) as his second wife, ROBERT Stewart Earl of Atholl, son of WALTER Stewart High Steward of Scotland & his first wife Marjorie Bruce (Paisley, Renfrewshire 2 Mar 1316-Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire 19 Apr 1390, bur Scone Abbey, Perthshire).  Created Earl of Strathearn [1257/58].  He resigned the earldom of Atholl in 1367, and the earldom of Strathearn in 1369 but was restored to the latter in 1370.  He succeeded his uncle in 1371 as ROBERT II King of Scotland

 

 

 

C.      EARLS of ROSS (LESLIE)

 

 

1.         ANDREW Leslie of Leslie (-before 28 Nov 1324).  Lord of Leslie.  m (1313) MARY Abernethy, daughter and co-heiress of ALEXANDER Abernethy & his wife ---.  Andrew & his wife had two children: 

a)         GEORGE de Leslie ([1318/20]-before 24 Oct 1396).  m ---.  The name of George’s wife is not known.  George & his wife had one child: 

i)          GEORGE Leslie ([1350]-after Feb 1412).  He had a royal charter of the barony of Fythkill, co. Fife, after the surrender of his cousin Alexander Earl of Ross.  m ELIZABETH Hay, daughter of THOMAS Hay of Erroll, Constable of Scotland & his wife Lady Elizabeth Bruce .  George & his wife had one child: 

(a)       NORMAN Leslie of Rothes and Fythkill ([1380]-[19 May 1439/3 Feb 1440]).  He succeeded his cousin David Leslie to Ballinbreich in May 1439.  m (Papal dispensation 2 Sep 1416) CHRISTIAN Seton, daughter of JOHN de Seton of Seton & his wife ---.  Norman & his wife had one child: 

(1)       GEORGE Leslie (-[31 Aug 1489/24 May 1490]).  He was created Lord Leslie in 1445, and Earl of Rothes in 1457.  His descendants succeeded as Earls of Rothes until the present day. 

b)         WALTER Leslie (-Perth 27 Feb 1382).  "Walterus de Lesley dominus de Ross" confirmed a donation to Fraserburgh made by “consanguineo nostro Andree Mercer” by charter dated 1381[46].  Robert II King of Scotland confirmed this confirmation made by "consanguineus noster Walterus de Lesley de Ross et...consanguinea nostra Eufamia sponsa sua" by charter dated 1382[47]m (before 13 Sep 1365) as her first husband, EUPHEME de Ross, daughter of WILLIAM Earl of Ross & his wife Mary Macdonald of the Isles ([1345]-after 4 May 1394).  She succeeded her father in 1372 as Ctss of Ross, suo iure.  Robert II King of Scotland confirmed the confirmation made by "consanguineus noster Walterus de Lesley de Ross et...consanguinea nostra Eufamia sponsa sua", of a donation to Fraserburgh made by “Andree Mercer”, by charter dated 1382[48].  Walter & his wife had two children: 

i)          ALEXANDER Leslie (-Dingwall 8 May 1402, bur Fearn Abbey).  He succeeded his mother in [1395] as Earl of Rossm (before 1398) ISABEL Stewart, daughter of ROBERT Stewart Duke of Albany & his first wife Margaret Graham Ctss of Menteith .  She married secondly (before Feb 1408) Walter Halyburton of Dirleton.  Earl Alexander & his wife had one child:

(a)       EUPHEME Leslie .  She succeeded her father in 1402 as Ctss of Ross, suo iure.  She resigned the Earldom 15 Jun 1415.  [49]Betrothed (1415) to THOMAS Dunbar, son of THOMAS Dunbar Earl of Moray & his wife Margaret --- (-[1427/29]).  He succeeded his father after early 1415 as Earl of Moray. 

ii)         MARY Leslie (-[1435]).  She became de iure Ctss of Ross on the resignation of her niece Eupheme in 1415.  m DONALD Macdonald Lord of the Isles, son of JOHN Macdonald Lord of the Isles & his second wife Lady Margaret Stewart (-Ardtornish, Morven [1423]). 

 

 

 

D.      EARLS of ROSS (MACDONALD)

 

 

ALEXANDER Macdonald, son of DONALD Macdonald Lord of the Isles & his wife Mary Leslie Ctss of Ross (-Dingwall 8 May 1449).  He succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles, and his mother as Earl of Ross.  He was arrested by James I King of Scotland at a gathering of Highland notables at Inverness.  On his release (or escape) he collected a strong force of men of Ross and the Isles and burnt Inverness but was defeated at Lochaber 23 Jun 1429.  He was pardoned at Perth in 1431, and recognised as Earl of Ross in [Jan 1436][50]

m (before 1431) ELIZABETH Halyburton, daughter of --- (-after Dec 1444). 

Earl Alexander & his wife had one child:

1.         JOHN Macdonald ([1435][51]-1498, bur Paisley Abbey).  He succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles, Earl of Ross.  He carried out piratical raids on the islands of Orkney[52].  He entered the service of Edward IV King of England in 1461, maintained his independence until 1475 when he was summoned for treason, found guilty in absentia.  His estates were forfeited and the Earldom of Ross annexed to the crown[53].  He was pardoned and created Lord of the Isles 15 Jul 1476.  He rebelled again and was compelled to surrender his lands and dignities to the crown in [1493][54]m (separated 1464) ELIZABETH Livingston, daughter of JAMES Livingston Lord Livingston of Callendar & his wife Marian --- (-before 1506).  In 1464 the Pope issued a commission, following her petition, confirming her husband's desertion.  She was received by the Queen of Scots into her household[55].  Lord John had two illegitimate children by an unknown mistress[56]:

a)         ANGUS (-1490).  He attempted to retain control of the Isles against James IV King of Scotland.  m MARY [Margaret] of Argyll, daughter of COLIN Earl of Argyll & his wife Isabel Stewart of Lorne.  Angus & his wife had one child: 

i)          DONALD Dhu .  He claimed the Lordship of the Isles and inspired uprisings in 1504.  He disappeared in Ireland[57]m ---.  The name of Donald’s wife is not known.  Donald & his wife had one child: 

(a)        son.  He disappeared with his father in Ireland54

b)         JOHN (-before 1498). 

Earl Alexander had two illegitimate sons by unknown mistresses:

2.          CELESTINE Macdonald

3.          HUGH Macdonald (-1498).  He was the ancestor of DONALD Macdonald of Sleat who asserted his claim to the Lordship of the Isles by force[58], and the Barons Macdonald of Sleat (in Ireland) who were declared heirs male by decision of the Court of Session 4 Jun 1910[59]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    MENTEITH

 

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

Menteith formed part of the ancient Pictish kingdom of Fortrenn, and subsequently the Scottish mormaership or province of Strathearn.  It was converted into a separate earldom by Malcolm IV King of Scotland in [1163]. 

 

 

1.         GILCHRIST, son of --- (-[1175/98]).  He was created Earl of Menteith by Malcolm IV King of Scotland.  "…Comite Duncano, Gillebrid comite de Anegus, M. comite de Ethoel, Gillecrist comite de Meneteth, Gillberto filio comitis Ferteth, Merlefwano Adam filio comitis de Anegus…" witnessed the charter dated 1164 under which "Malcolmus rex Scottorum" confirmed the foundation of Scone abbey[60].  "…Com Gillecrist de Meneth…" witnessed the charter dated to [1175/78] under which William King of Scotland granted privileges to the city of Glasgow[61]m ---.  The name of Gilchrist’s wife is not known.  Gilchrist & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [EVE of Menteith .  Balfour Paul’s Scots Peerage states that "Gilchrist is said to have had a daughter Eva, married to Alwin second Earl of Lennox" but cites no corresponding primary source[62].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m ALWYN Earl of Lennox, son of ALWYN & his wife --- (-1225 or before).] 

 

 

Two [half?] brothers, parents not known: 

1.         MURDOCH [Maurice], son of --- (-after 6 Dec 1213).  Earl of Menteith.  "…Comite Maurico de Meneteth…" witnessed the charter dated to [1189/98] under which William King of Scotland confirmed "ecclesia de Molin" to Dunfermline monastery[63].  "…Murethach comite de Meneteth…" witnessed the charter dated to [1199/1200] which records an agreement between the prior of St Andrew’s and the Culdees of St Andrew’s[64].  as witness of a charter of William "the Lion" King of Scotland to Dunfermline Abbey, and another charter dated [1199/1200].  He resigned the earldom 6 Dec 1213 in favour of his brother also called Maurice[65].  A notification dated 20 Sep 1261 refers to the inspection of a charter of William King of Scotland which records the the lawsuit between "Mauricium seniorem de Monent" and "Mauricium juniorem fratrem eius" concering "com[itatu] de Monet"[66]

2.         MAURICE (-[Mar 1226/Jan 1234]).  A notification dated 20 Sep 1261 refers to the inspection of a charter of William King of Scotland which records the the lawsuit between "Mauricium seniorem de Monent" and "Mauricium juniorem fratrem eius" concering "com[itatu] de Monet"[67]Earl of Menteith following the resignation of his older brother 6 Dec 1213.  He was one of the seven earls who took measures for the coronation of Alexander II King of Scotland in 1214[68].  "Mauricio comite de Menteth…" subscribed the charter dated 5 Sep 1224 under which Alexander II King of Scotland confirmed the donation to Paisley by "Maldovenus comes de Levenax"[69].  "…Mauricio comite de Menteth vicecomite de Striueling…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Mar 1226 under which King Alexander II confirmed "ecclesia de Kirkintulach" to Cambuskenneth priory[70]m ---.  The name of Maurice’s wife is not known.  Maurice & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [ISABEL (-[Jan 1264/1272]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Balfour Paul’s Scots Peerage states that she "is presumed rather than proved to be the daughter of Earl Maurice"[71].  She succeeded her father as Ctss of Menteith, suo iure.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the death in 1258 of "Walterus Comyn comes veteranus de Menteth veneno uxoris suæ" (compare Matthew of Paris’s version of his death, see below) and that the following year his wife married "cuidam ignobili militi Angligenæ Johanni Russel"[72].  She and her second husband were kept prisoners until they agreed to transfer the earldom of Menteith to the late earl's nephew John Comyn and were later expelled from Scotland.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that in 1260 "comitissa de Menteth" appealed to the Pope, whose legate reversed the judgment[73]m firstly ([30 Jun 1233/9 Jan 1234]) WALTER Comyn Lord of Badenoch, son of WILLIAM Comyn Earl of Buchan & his first wife Sarah FitzHugh (-Nov 1258).  "Walterus Cumyn comes de Menteith et Margaretta comitissa uxor comitis Henrici…" donated property to Cupar abbey by charter dated 9 Aug 1232 "coram nobis Isabell comitissa, heres legittima Atholiæ…post obitum domini sui Thomæ comitis de Galawayea"[74].  He succeeded as Earl of Menteith, de iure uxoris.  Matthew of Paris records that "Walterus Cumin comes in Scotia" died in 1258 after falling from his horse[75].  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the death in 1258 of "Walterus Comyn comes veteranus de Menteth veneno uxoris suæ"[76]m secondly JOHN Russell, son of --- (-before Jan 1291).  Ctss Isabel & her second husband had one daughter: 

i)          ISABEL Russell (-1306 or after).  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the lawsuit at York in 1272 between "Johannem Comyn" and "Walterum Bullok pro comitatu de Menteth", adding that "Willelmus filius ipsius Johannis" had married "filiam comitissæ prioris"[77].  "Isabella wife of William Comyn…in Scotland" appointed two attorneys in the English courts for two years by charter dated 3 Mar 1279[78].  King Edward I granted to "William Comyn and Isabella his wife" rent from "Grocene, which the late John Russel, father of Isabella, whose heir she is, held by knight’s service of William de Monte Caniso" by charter dated 8 Jan 1291[79]m firstly WILLIAM Comyn, son of JOHN Comyn & his first wife Eva ---(-after 3 Mar 1279).  His father claimed the earldom of Menteith of behalf of his son William in 1272 in a lawsuit at York[80]m secondly EDMUND de Hastings of Inchmahome, son of HENRY de Hastings of Ashill, Norfolk & his wife Joan de Cantelou of Calne, Wiltshire (-killed in battle Bannockburn 1314). 

b)         [MARY (-[before 1286]).  When her sister Isabel was expelled from Scotland, Mary was invested with the earldom of Menteith.  m WALTER Stewart "Bailloch/the Freckled", son of WALTER FitzAlan High Steward of Scotland & his wife Beatrice of Angus (-before 28 Apr 1295).  Earl of Menteith [1260], de iure uxoris.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Walterus Bullok ex parte uxoris suæ" was invested with "totum comitatum de Menteth" after the arrest of John Russell[81].] 

Maurice had one [illegitimate] child by [an unknown mistress]: 

c)          HENRY .  "Maldoneus comes de Levenax" granted "terram…Lufs" to "Gilmore filio Maldonei" by undated charter witnessed by "Auleth, Duncano et Henrico fratribus meis…Henrico filio comitis de Meneteth…"[82].  It is assumed that Henry was illegitimate. 

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of MENTEITH (STEWART)

 

 

WALTER Stewart "Bailloch/Freckled", son of WALTER FitzAlan High Steward of Scotland & his wife --- (-before 28 Apr 1295).  "Dominis Waltero fratre nostro…" subscribed the undated charter under which "Alexander filius Walteri senescalus regis Scotie" donated "ecclesiam de Dundonald…de Sanchar…de Awchinlac" to Paisley monastery[83]Earl of Menteith in [1260], de iure uxoris.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Walterus Bullok ex parte uxoris suæ" was invested with "totum comitatum de Menteth" after the arrest of John Russell[84].  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the lawsuit at York in 1272 between "Johannem Comyn" and "Walterum Bullok pro comitatu de Menteth", adding that "Willelmus filius ipsius Johannis" had married "filiam comitissæ prioris"[85].  Following the intervention of Edward I King of England, the earldom was divided into two in 1285 each party taking half.  It was presumably rejoined on the death of Isabel Russell, wife of William Comyn, without issue[86].  The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records that "Valtero Bullok comite de Menteith" went to Norway for the marriage in 1281 of "Margareta filia regis Alexandri" and "Hanigo, Henrico vocato, regi Noricorum", but that his boat sank on the return journey[87]

m MARY of Menteith, daughter and co-heiress of [MAURICE the younger Earl of Menteith & his wife ---] (-[before 1286]).  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Walterus Bullok ex parte uxoris suæ" was invested with "totum comitatum de Menteth" after the arrest of John Russell[88]

Earl Walter & his wife had two children: 

1.         ALEXANDER Stewart (-[26 Sep 1297/before 1306]).  Knighted [13 Jun 1291/Feb 1293].  He succeeded his father in [1295] as Earl of Menteith.  The Ragman Roll names "Alexander earl of Menetethe" among those who swore allegiance to Edward I King of England at Elgyn in Moray 27 Jul 1296[89].  He unsuccessfully besieged Carlisle spring 1296, captured and imprisoned at Dunbar, later in the Tower of London.  He supported Edward I King of England from 1296[90]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  Earl Alexander & his wife had four children:

a)         ALAN de Menteith (-before 13 Mar 1309).  Hostage, with his younger brother Piers, for his father's fidelity to Edward I King of England in 1296.  The Wardrobe Accounts of King Edward I for 1296/97 include payments to "Alano et Petro filiis comitis de Menetethe", dated 23 Jul[91].  He succeeded his father as Earl of Menteith.  He supported Robert Bruce as King of Scotland in 1306[92]m MARJORY, daughter of ---.  Earl Alan & his wife had one child:

i)          MARY de Menteith (-before 29 Apr 1360).  She succeeded her uncle as Ctss of Menteith, suo iurem (before 1334, Papal dispensation 1 May 1334) JOHN Graham, son of --- (-hanged 28 Feb 1347).  Balfour Paul states that, according to Fraser, John de Graham Earl of Menteith was a younger son of Patrick de Graham[93], but also cites a contrary view[94].  From a chronological point of view, it seems unlikely that John could have been the son of Patrick de Graham and his wife Annabella, whose marriage has been dated to [1251/60], given the date of John’s own marriage.  Earl of Menteith, de iure uxoris.  John & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MARGARET Graham (-[21 Jul 1372/4 May 1380])Ctss of Menteith.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Thomam comitem de Marr", son of "Dovenaldum comitem", married "heredem de Meneteth" but that he divorced her[95]m firstly (Papal dispensation 21 Nov 1348) JOHN Moray Lord of Bothwell, son of ANDREW Moray Lord of Bothwell & his [first wife ---] (-[20 Apr/5 Sep] 1351).  m secondly (Papal dispensations 15 Aug 1352 and 29 May 1354, divorced before Feb 1359) as his first wife, THOMAS Earl of Mar, son of DONALD Earl of Mar & his wife Isabel Stewart ([1330]-[22 Oct 1373/21 Jun 1374]).  m thirdly (Papal dispensation 1360) JOHN Drummond of Concraig, son of --- (-after 17 May 1360).  m fourthly (Papal dispensation 9 Sep 1361) as his first wife, ROBERT Stewart, son of ROBERT Earl of Strathearn [later ROBERT II King of Scotland] & his wife his first wife Elizabeth Mure ([1340]-3 Sep 1420).  Earl of Menteith 1361, de iure uxoris.  Duke of Albany 28 Apr 1398. 

b)         PIERS de Menteith .  Hostage, with his older brother Alain, for his father's fidelity to Edward I King of England 1296.  The Wardrobe Accounts of King Edward I for 1296/97 include payments to "Alano et Petro filiis comitis de Menetethe", dated 23 Jul[96]

c)         MURDOCH de Menteith (-killed in battle Dupplin 12 Aug 1332 or Halidon 19 Jul 1333).  He succeeded his brother as Earl of Menteith.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "…Murdaco comite de Menteith…" were killed at Duplin Moor 11 Aug 1332 fighting Edward Balliol[97]m [ALICE], daughter of ---. 

d)         ALEXANDER

2.         JOHN de Menteith of Rusky (-[1323]).  m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHN de Menteith (-before 1344).  Of Strathgartney and Arran.  m ELLEN of Mar, daughter of GRATNEY Earl of Mar & his wife Christian Bruce.  Depositions dated 6 Oct 1447 made by “Andreas de Keth de Inverwgy etatis octoginta annorum” state that “domini Roberti de Erskyne comitis de Marr” was descended from “domino comiti de Marr dicto Gartnay”, recording that “dictus comes Gartnay de Marr genuit Donaldum comitem de Marr et duas filias”, that the sisters of Earl Donald married “una cum Roberto de Broyss Rege [incorrect] que sine liberis decessit et alia soror...Domino Johanne de Menteth” by whom she had two daughters, of whom the older married “Dominus Edwardus de Keth qui genuit ex ea Jonetam” who married “Domino Thoma de Erskyn” who fathered “Dominum Robertum de Erskyn comitem de Marr sepedictum[98].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   John & his wife had three children: 

i)          JOHN Menteith (-[1360]).  Lord of Arran and Knapdale.  m CATHERINE, daughter of ---. 

ii)         CHRISTIANA .  Depositions dated 6 Oct 1447 made by “Andreas de Keth de Inverwgy etatis octoginta annorum” state that “domini Roberti de Erskyne comitis de Marr” was descended from “domino comiti de Marr dicto Gartnay”, recording that “dictus comes Gartnay de Marr genuit Donaldum comitem de Marr et duas filias”, that the sisters of Earl Donald married “una cum Roberto de Broyss Rege [incorrect] que sine liberis decessit et alia soror...Domino Johanne de Menteth” by whom she had two daughters, of whom the older married “Dominus Edwardus de Keth qui genuit ex ea Jonetam” who married “Domino Thoma de Erskyn” who fathered “Dominum Robertum de Erskyn comitem de Marr sepedictum[99]m firstly as his second wife, EDWARD de Keith of Sinton, son of WILLIAM de Keith & his wife --- (-before 1351).  m secondly as his second wife, ROBERT Erskine of that Ilk, son of ---. 

iii)        daughter .  Depositions dated 6 Oct 1447 made by “Andreas de Keth de Inverwgy etatis octoginta annorum” state that “domini Roberti de Erskyne comitis de Marr” was descended from “domino comiti de Marr dicto Gartnay”, recording that “dictus comes Gartnay de Marr genuit Donaldum comitem de Marr et duas filias”, that the sisters of Earl Donald married “una cum Roberto de Broyss Rege [incorrect] que sine liberis decessit et alia soror...Domino Johanne de Menteth” by whom she had two daughters, of whom the older married “Dominus Edwardus de Keth qui genuit ex ea Jonetam” who married “Domino Thoma de Erskyn” who fathered “Dominum Robertum de Erskyn comitem de Marr sepedictum[100]

b)         WALTER de Menteith .  Of Rusky and Kerse.

c)         JOAN de Menteith (-after 21 Mar 1367)[101]m firstly ([1323]) as his second wife, MALISE Earl of Strathearn, son of MALISE Earl of Strathearn & his wife Agnes Comyn of Buchan ([1275/80]-before 1329).  [102]m secondly JOHN Campbell Earl of Atholl, son of NEIL Campbell of Lochow & his wife --- ([1305/06] or [1313]-killed in battle Halidon Hill 19 Jul 1333).  [103]m thirdly (dispensation 11 Jul 1339) MAURICE Moray of Drumsargard, son of JOHN Moray of Drumsagard & his first wife --- (-killed in battle Neville's Cross 17 Oct 1346).  He was created Earl of Strathearn 9 Feb 1344.  [104]m fourthly (post-nuptial dispensation 9 Nov 1347) as his second wife, WILLIAM Sutherland Earl of Sutherland, son of KENNETH Sutherland Earl of Sutherland & his wife [Mary or Marjorie of Atholl] (-before 19 Jun 1371).

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    CARRICK

 

 

The earldom of Carrick was created by William "the Lion" King of Scotland before 1196 when he installed Duncan of Galloway as Earl of Carrick.  Earl Duncan's granddaughter married Robert de Bruce, the couple being the parents of Robert I King of Scotland.  Thereafter the earldom of Carrick was in the main granted to the monarch's oldest son. 

 

 

DUNCAN of Galloway, son of GILBERT of Galloway & his wife --- (-13 Jun 1250).  "Dunecanus filius Gillebti filii Fergi" donated "totam terram de Moybothelbeg…[et] de Bethoc" to Melrose abbey by undated charter[105].  The Chronicle of Melrose records that "Duncan the son of Gilebert of Galwey" gave to the monks of Melrose a certain portion of his lands in Karec in 1193[106].  He obtained Carrick from William "the Lion" King of Scotland before 1196, becoming first Earl of Carrick.  "Dunnecanus comes de Carric" donated the church of Maybothel to North Berwick St Mary by undated charter witnessed by "Alexandro et Alano filiis comitis"[107].  "Dunekanus filius Gillebti filii Fergus, comes de Karic" confirmed a donation to Melrose abbey made by "Rog. de Scallebroc" by undated charter, dated to the end 12th century[108].  "Duncanus comes de Karric" donated revenue from "terra de Bethoc et…terra de Auchnesure" to Melrose abbey by undated charter witnessed by "Alano filio meo"[109].  "Thomas de Colevilla cognomento Scot" donated "quartam partam de Almelidum…Keresban" to Melrose abbey by undated charter witnessed by "…Alano filio Rolandi de Galewai, Fergus filio Uctredi, Edgaro filio Douenad, Dunkano filio Gilbti comite de Carric…"[110]

m ---.  The name of Duncan’s wife is not known. 

Earl Duncan & his wife had four children:

1.         ALEXANDER .  "Dunnecanus comes de Carric" donated the church of Maybothel to North Berwick St Mary by undated charter witnessed by "Alexandro et Alano filiis comitis"[111]

2.         ALAN .  "Dunnecanus comes de Carric" donated the church of Maybothel to North Berwick St Mary by undated charter witnessed by "Alexandro et Alano filiis comitis"[112].  "Duncanus comes de Karric" donated revenue from "terra de Bethoc et…terra de Auchnesure" to Melrose abbey by undated charter witnessed by "Alano filio meo"[113]

3.         NEIL (-1256).  "Nicholaus filius Dunecani de Carric" confirmed the donation of the church of Maybothel to North Berwick St Mary by "Dunecani patris mei" by undated charter, witnessed by "Malcolmo comite de Fif, Dunecano patre meo…"[114].  He succeeded his father as Earl of Carrick.  The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records that "Nigelli comitis de Carryk" died "in Terra Sancta peregre"[115]m MARGARET, daughter of [WALTER High Steward of Scotland & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Earl Neil & his wife had one child:

a)         MARGARET (-[1292]).  The manuscript history of the Bruce family of Carleton records that “Robertus Brus quartus” married “filiam et hæredem comitis Karrigg[116].  The Liber Pluscardensis names "unicam filiam suam Martham…comitissa de Carrick" as heiress of "Adam comite de Carrick" and records her marriage to "Roberto de Bruys…secundo, futurus Vallis Anandiæ dominus in Scocia et Clevland in Anglia" without the king’s permission[117].  These passage confuse the supposed daughter with her mother.  The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records that "Robertum Bruse filium Roberti de Bruys, cognomine…domini Vallis de Anandia in Scocia et de Cliflande in Anglia" abducted "Martha filia et heres unica Nigelli comitis de Carryk" to "castrum suum de Turnberry" and married her without the licence of the king[118].  She succeeded her father as Ctss of Carrick suo iurism firstly ADAM de Kilconquhar, son of --- (-Acre 1270[119]).  Earl of Carrick, de iure uxoris.  "Dominus Adam de Kylconchat comes de Karryc" donated the church of Kilconquhar to North Berwick St Mary by charter dated 14 Apr 1271[120].  The Liber Pluscardensis records the death, dated to [1270/71] from the context, "in Terra Sancta" of "Adam comite de Carrick"[121].  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the death "in Terram Sanctam pro Christo peregrinaturus" of "Adam comes de Carrik", dated to [1271] from the context, leaving "unicam filiam…Martham, quæ sibi in comitatum successit"[122]m secondly (Turnberry Castle 1271) as his first wife, ROBERT [VI] de Brus, son of ROBERT [V] de Brus Lord of Annandale & his first wife Isabel de Clare (Jul 1243-shortly before 4 Apr 1304, bur Abbey of Holm Cultram).  This marriage took place without royal consent and resulted in a heavy fine[123]Earl of Carrick, de iure uxoris.  Margaret & her first husband had [one child]: 

i)          [MARTHA .  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the death "in Terram Sanctam pro Christo peregrinaturus" of "Adam comes de Carrik", dated to [1271] from the context, leaving "unicam filiam…Martham, quæ sibi in comitatum successit" and her marriage to "Roberto de Bruce…filio Roberti de Bruce cognomine Nobilis, domini Vallis de Annandia in Scotia et de Clyveland in Anglia"[124].  The Liber Pluscardensis names "unicam filiam suam Martham…comitissa de Carrick" as heiress of "Adam comite de Carrick" and records her marriage to "Roberto de Bruys…secundo, futurus Vallis Anandiæ dominus in Scocia et Clevland in Anglia" without the king’s permission[125].  These passage confuse her with Adam’s widow.] 

4.         JOHN of Carrick (-after 30 Oct 1244).  Alexander II King of Scotland confirmed the donation of revenue from "ecclesie de Stractim" to the church of Glasgow made by "Johes de Carric filius Duncan comitis de Carric" by charter dated 30 Oct 1244[126]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    LENNOX

 

 

A.      EARLS of LENNOX [1210]-1385

 

The earldom of Lennox was created in the early 1200s by William "the Lion" King of Scotland.  It remained within the same family until 1425 when the last Earl Duncan was executed for treason having been implicated in the plot of his son-in-law Murdoch Stewart Duke of Albany against James I King of Scotland.  The earldom was forfeited, but in 1473 was claimed by John Stuart Lord Darnley, who was the heir of Earl Duncan's daughter Elizabeth whom he claimed (wrongly it appears) was the Earl's second daughter.  The claim was disputed by John Haldane of Gleneagles, whose wife was descended from Elizabeth's older sister Margaret, in whose favour the king found and the Lords of the Council found 12 Jan 1476.  However, a settlement was presumably reached as Lord Darnley eventually took his seat in the parliament of 1488 as Earl of Lennox[127]

 

 

1.         ECGFRITHm ---.  One child: 

a)         ARKIL .  Orderic Vitalis records that "Archillus potentissimus Nordanhymbrorum" made peace with William I King of England and granted "filium suum" as a hostage, dated to 1068[128].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Marius Suenus, Gaius Patricius, Edgarus Adelinus, Archillus et quatuor filii Karoli" joined the Danish fleet which sailed up the river Humber, dated to 1069[129]m ---.  The name of Arkil’s wife is not known.  Arkil & his wife had one child: 

i)          ALWYN (-after 1153).  "…Alwino mac Archil…" witnessed the undated charter, dated to before [1136], under which David I King of Scotland donated "decimam meam de meo Chan" to the church of Glasgow[130].  Assuming that Alwyn was a member of the same family as the later earls of Lennox, the chronology suggests that he belonged to the generation earlier than that of the first earl.  "…Alwyno mac Arkil" witnessed the undated charter under which Malcolm IV King of Scotland donated "piscium…Crespeis" to Dunfermline monastery[131]m ---.  The name of Alwyn’s wife is not known.  Alwyn & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       [GILLANDERS (-after 1153).  "…Gillandres filio Alwini…" witnessed the undated charter under which Malcolm IV King of Scotland confirmed the donation of land "in…Melchrethre" to St Andrew’s priory[132].  It is not known whether the father of Gillanders was the same Alwyn who is named above.] 

(b)       daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a Celtic poem which is addressed to "O Leamhan Alun oge, the son of Muireadhach…descendant of "Lughaidh of Liathmhuine" and "the Mormaer of Leamhan…son of Ailin’s daughter"[133]m MURDOCH, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         MURDOCH m ---, daughter of ALWYN & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a Celtic poem which is addressed to "O Leamhan Alun oge, the son of Muireadhach…descendant of "Lughaidh of Liathmhuine" and "the Mormaer of Leamhan…son of Ailin’s daughter"[134].  Murdoch & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALWYN (-before 1199).  A Celtic poem is addressed to "O Leamhan Alun oge, the son of Muireadhach…descendant of "Lughaidh of Liathmhuine" and "the Mormaer of Leamhan…son of Ailin’s daughter"[135]Earl of Lennox.  He is named in his son’s charter (see below).  m ---.  The name of Alwyn’s wife is not known.  Alwyn & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          ALWYN (-1225 or before).  He succeeded his father as Earl of Lennox.  "Alewin comes de Levenax filii et heres Alewini comitis de Leuenax" donated "ecclesiam de Kamsi" to the church of Glasgow by undated charter witnessed by "Maldoueni filio et herede nostro…Dunegall filio nostro, Gillescop Galbrad nepote nostro…Malc filio Gillescop…"[136]

-         see below

ii)         ETH (-after 1193).  "…Dunec, Malcolmo filio eio, com. Gilleb, Eth filio com. de Leueñ…" witnessed the undated charter, dated to 1193, under which "Dunecanus filius Gillebti filii Fergi" donated "totam terram de Moybothelbeg…[et] de Bethoc" to Melrose abbey[137]

iii)        [--- .]  m ---.  [Two] children: 

(a)       GILLESCOP Galbraith .  "Alewin comes de Levenax filii et heres Alewini comitis de Leuenax" donated "ecclesiam de Kamsi" to the church of Glasgow by undated charter witnessed by "Maldoueni filio et herede nostro…Dunegall filio nostro, Gillescop Galbrad nepote nostro…Malc filio Gillescop…"[138].  It is not known whether the witness "Malc filio Gillescop" was the son of Gillescop Galbraith. 

(b)       [RODARC .  "Alwinus comes de Leuenax" donated "ecclesie de Kilpatrick…" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Maldoveno, Malcolmo filiis meis, Maldoveno decano de Levenax, Rodarco nepote meo…"[139].  It is not known whether Rodarc was the brother of Gillescop.] 

 

 

ALWYN, son of ALWYN Earl of Lennox & his wife --- (-1225 or before).  He succeeded his father as Earl of Lennox.  "Alewin comes de Levenax filii et heres Alewini comitis de Leuenax" donated "ecclesiam de Kamsi" to the church of Glasgow by undated charter witnessed by "Maldoueni filio et herede nostro…Dunegall filio nostro, Gillescop Galbrad nepote nostro…Malc filio Gillescop…"[140].  "Alwinus comes de Leuenax" donated "ecclesie de Kilpatrick…" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Maldoveno, Malcolmo filiis meis, Maldoveno decano de Levenax, Rodarco nepote meo…"[141]

m [EVE of Menteith, daughter of GILCHRIST Earl of Menteith & his wife ---].  Balfour Paul’s Scots Peerage states that "Gilchrist is said to have had a daughter Eva, married to Alwin second Earl of Lennox" but cites no corresponding primary source[142].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.    

Earl Alwyn & his wife had eleven children (the sources quoted below are inconsistent regarding the order of birth of the brothers):

1.         MALDOUEN (-after 12 Mar 1251).  "Alwinus comes de Leuenax" donated "ecclesie de Kilpatrick…" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Maldoveno, Malcolmo filiis meis, Maldoveno decano de Levenax, Rodarco nepote meo…"[143].  He succeeded his father as Earl of Lennox

-        see below

2.         MURDOCH (-after 1216).  The Annals of Ulster record that "Trad Ua Mailfhabhail, chief of the Cenel-Ferghusa" was killed in 1216 by "Muiredach son of the Great Steward of Lemhain" [another version reading "Muredach son of the Mormair of Lennox"[144].  Earl Maldouen names his brothers "Murdach, Dugald, Aulay and Duncan" in a charter dated to Aug 1217 or before[145]

3.         DUGALD .  Earl Maldouen names his brothers "Murdach, Dugald, Aulay and Duncan" in a charter dated to Aug 1217 or before[146].  "Alewin comes de Levenax filii et heres Alewini comitis de Leuenax" donated "ecclesiam de Kamsi" to the church of Glasgow by undated charter witnessed by "Maldoueni filio et herede nostro…Dunegall filio nostro, Gillescop Galbrad nepote nostro…Malc filio Gillescop…"[147].  "Dusgallus frater domini comitis de Levenax" donated "terram…Sedes Patricii" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "domino Maldoveno comite de Levenax, Amelec fratre ipsius…"[148].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" confirmed a donation to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Dusgallo, Duncano, Hamelino, Malcolmo, Gillecristo fratribus meis…"[149].  Rector of the church of Kilpatrick.  An undated charter records the settlement of a dispute with the monastery of Paisley about property sold by "Dusgalli quondam rectoris ecclesie de Kylpatrick…Alwyni patris sui"[150].  A charter dated 24 Apr 1271 names "Maria sponsa Johannis de Wardroba et Elena sponsa Bernardi de Erth ac Forveleth sponsa Norrini de Monorgund, filie quondam Finlai de Camsi" as heirs of "quondam Dusgalli fratris Maldoveni comitis de Levenax"[151].  According to the editor of the Lennox Cartularium, "Finlai de Camsi" was the son-in-law of Dugald’s brother Malcolm, but he cites no primary source on which the statement is based[152]

4.         MALCOLM .  "Alwinus comes de Leuenax" donated "ecclesie de Kilpatrick…" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Maldoveno, Malcolmo filiis meis, Maldoveno decano de Levenax, Rodarco nepote meo…"[153].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terram de Drumthocher et…de Drumthecglunan" to Paisley monastery, for the soul of "Elizabeth sponse mee", by undated charter, witnessed by "Macolmo filio meo, Amelec, Macolmo, Duncano fratribus meis…"[154].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" confirmed a donation to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Dusgallo, Duncano, Hamelino, Malcolmo, Gillecristo fratribus meis…"[155].  "Maldoney comes de Levenax" granted "terram de Colquhoune" to "Umfrido de Kilpatrick" by undated charter witnessed by "Malcolmo filio meo, Gilaspec Galbraith, Hamelyno Malcolmo Duncano fratribus meis…" by undated charter[156]

5.         AMELEC [Hamelin] (-after 1250).  Earl Maldouen names his brothers "Murdach, Dugald, Aulay and Duncan" in a charter dated to Aug 1217 or before[157].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terram de Drumthocher et…de Drumthecglunan" to Paisley monastery, for the soul of "Elizabeth sponse mee", by undated charter, witnessed by "Macolmo filio meo, Amelec, Macolmo, Duncano fratribus meis…"[158].  "Dusgallus frater domini comitis de Levenax" donated "terram…Sedes Patricii" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "domino Maldoveno comite de Levenax, Amelec fratre ipsius…"[159].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terre de Levenax" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Amelech, Gilcrist, Duncano fratribus meis…"[160].  "Amelec frater Maldoveni comitis de Levenax" donated "ecclesiam de Rosneth" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Archebaldo de Dusglas…"[161].  "Maldoneus comes de Levenax" granted "terram…Lufs" to "Gilmore filio Maldonei" by undated charter witnessed by "Auleth, Duncano et Henrico fratribus meis…Henrico filio comitis de Meneteth…"[162].  "…Dominis Auleth, Duncano, Henrico, Gilchrist fratribus meis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" granted land "in Levenax…Buthernockis et…Kyncaith" to "Wilielmo filio Arthuri filii Galbrait"[163].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" confirmed a donation to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Dusgallo, Duncano, Hamelino, Malcolmo, Gillecristo fratribus meis…"[164].  "Maldoney comes de Levenax" granted "terram de Colquhoune" to "Umfrido de Kilpatrick" by undated charter witnessed by "Malcolmo filio meo, Gilaspec Galbraith, Hamelyno Malcolmo Duncano fratribus meis…" by undated charter[165].  "Domino Hamelon fratre nostro, Hamelon filio suo…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Mald comes de Levenax" confirmed "Christiane unam terram in Gleanfreone…Kealbride" to "Dovenaldo filio Macynel"[166]m ---.  The name of Amelec’s wife is not known.  Amelec & his wife had two children: 

a)         AMELEC [Hamelin] .  "Domino Hamelon fratre nostro, Hamelon filio suo…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Mald comes de Levenax" confirmed "Christiane unam terram in Gleanfreone…Kealbride" to "Dovenaldo filio Macynel"[167]

b)         DUNCAN .  "…Domino Duncano filio Auleth…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Malcolmus comes de Levenax" confirmed property to "domino Patricio de Grame"[168]

6.         DUNCAN (-after 1250).  Earl Maldouen names his brothers "Murdach, Dugald, Aulay and Duncan" in a charter dated to Aug 1217 or before[169].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terram de Drumthocher et…de Drumthecglunan" to Paisley monastery, for the soul of "Elizabeth sponse mee", by undated charter, witnessed by "Macolmo filio meo, Amelec, Macolmo, Duncano fratribus meis…"[170].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terre de Levenax" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Amelech, Gilcrist, Duncano fratribus meis…"[171].  "Maldoneus comes de Levenax" granted "terram…Lufs" to "Gilmore filio Maldonei" by undated charter witnessed by "Auleth, Duncano et Henrico fratribus meis…Henrico filio comitis de Meneteth…"[172].  "Maldoney comes de Levenax" granted "terram de Colquhoune" to "Umfrido de Kilpatrick" by undated charter witnessed by "Malcolmo filio meo, Gilaspec Galbraith, Hamelyno Malcolmo Duncano fratribus meis…" by undated charter[173].  "…Dominis Auleth, Duncano, Henrico, Gilchrist fratribus meis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" granted land "in Levenax…Buthernockis et…Kyncaith" to "Wilielmo filio Arthuri filii Galbrait"[174].  "…Dunecano filio comitis Dunecani, Willo filio comitis Patricii marito meo…Dunecano filio comit Alwino de Aberbutennauth…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Cristina filia Walteri Corbet" donated serfs to St Andrew’s priory, with the consent of "Willi filii comitis Patricii mariti mei et Aliiz de Valoniis matris mee"[175]

7.         GILCHRIST (-after 1250).  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terre de Levenax" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Amelech, Gilcrist, Duncano fratribus meis…"[176].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" confirmed a donation to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Dusgallo, Duncano, Hamelino, Malcolmo, Gillecristo fratribus meis…"[177].  "…Dominis Auleth, Duncano, Henrico, Gilchrist fratribus meis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" granted land "in Levenax…Buthernockis et…Kyncaith" to "Wilielmo filio Arthuri filii Galbrait"[178].  According to the editor of the Lennox Cartularium, Gilchrist was "ancestor of a race that settled in the northern district of the Lennox and, assuming the patronymic surname of Macfarlan, continued until last century to head a clain of marauding notoriety", but he cites no primary source on which the statement is based[179]

8.         HENRY .  "Maldoneus comes de Levenax" granted "terram…Lufs" to "Gilmore filio Maldonei" by undated charter witnessed by "Auleth, Duncano et Henrico fratribus meis…Henrico filio comitis de Meneteth…"[180].  "…Dominis Auleth, Duncano, Henrico, Gilchrist fratribus meis…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" granted land "in Levenax…Buthernockis et…Kyncaith" to "Wilielmo filio Arthuri filii Galbrait"[181]

9.         CORC .  "Dño Amhleu fratre nostro, Duncan et Henr et Corc fratribus nostris…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Maldouen com de Leuenax" confirmed land of "decanum de Lus"[182]

10.      FERCHAR .  Earl Maldouen names his brothers "Aulay, Duncan, Gilchrist, Ferchar" in a charter dated 1217 which records the grant of "the lands of Glaskel and Glaswel" to their sister "Eva…in free marriage with Malcolm son of Duncan thane of Callendar"[183]

11.      EVA .  Earl Maldouen names his brothers "Aulay, Duncan, Gilchrist, Ferchar" in a charter dated 1217 which records the grant of "the lands of Glaskel and Glaswel" to their sister "Eva…in free marriage with Malcolm son of Duncan thane of Callendar"[184]m (1217) MALCOLM, son of DUNCAN of Callendar & his wife ---. 

 

 

MALDOUEN, son of ALWYN Earl of Lennox & his wife Eve of Menteith (-after 12 Mar 1251).  "Alewin comes de Levenax filii et heres Alewini comitis de Leuenax" donated "ecclesiam de Kamsi" to the church of Glasgow by undated charter witnessed by "Maldoueni filio et herede nostro…Dunegall filio nostro, Gillescop Galbrad nepote nostro…Malc filio Gillescop…"[185].  "Maldoueni filius et heres Alwini iunioris comitis de Leuenax filii et heredis Alwini senioris comitis de Leuenax" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Kamsi" to the church of Glasgow by "pater meus" by undated charter witnessed by "…Dunegale fratre meo…"[186].  "Alwinus comes de Leuenax" donated "ecclesie de Kilpatrick…" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Maldoveno, Malcolmo filiis meis, Maldoveno decano de Levenax, Rodarco nepote meo…"[187].  He succeeded his father as Earl of Lennox.  "Maldoneus comes de Levenax" granted "terram…Lufs" to "Gilmore filio Maldonei" by undated charter witnessed by "Auleth, Duncano et Henrico fratribus meis…Henrico filio comitis de Meneteth…"[188].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terram de Drumthocher et…de Drumthecglunan" to Paisley monastery, for the soul of "Elizabeth sponse mee", by undated charter, witnessed by "Macolmo filio meo, Amelec, Macolmo, Duncano fratribus meis…"[189].  "Dusgallus frater domini comitis de Levenax" donated "terram…Sedes Patricii" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "domino Maldoveno comite de Levenax, Amelec fratre ipsius…"[190].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terre de Levenax" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Amelech, Gilcrist, Duncano fratribus meis…"[191].  "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" confirmed a donation to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Dusgallo, Duncano, Hamelino, Malcolmo, Gillecristo fratribus meis…"[192]

m ELIZABETH Stewart, daughter of WALTER Stewart, High Steward of Scotland & his wife --- (-before her husband).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" donated "terram de Drumthocher et…de Drumthecglunan" to Paisley monastery, for the soul of "Elizabeth sponse mee", by undated charter, witnessed by "Macolmo filio meo, Amelec, Macolmo, Duncano fratribus meis…"[193]

Maldouen & his wife had two children: 

1.         MALCOLM (-before 1250).  "Maldoney comes de Levenax" granted "terram de Colquhoune" to "Umfrido de Kilpatrick" by undated charter witnessed by "Malcolmo filio meo, Gilaspec Galbraith, Hamelyno Malcolmo Duncano fratribus meis…" by undated charter[194].  "…Malcolmo filio Maldoueny comite de Levenax…" subscribed the undated charter under which "Walterus filii Alani domini regis Scotie senescallus" donated property to Paisley monastery[195]m ---.  The name of Malcolm’s wife is not known.  Malcolm & his wife had one child: 

a)         MALCOLM (-[1290/92]).  He succeeded his grandfather as Earl of Lennox.  "Malcolmus comes de Levenax filius et heres quondam domini Malcolmi comitis de Levenax" confirmed the donation of "terram…Lufs" made by "domini Malduini quondam comitis de Levenax" to "Gilmore filio Maldonei" by undated charter[196].  "Malcolmus comes de Levenax" granted "totam terram de Ardeureane et Ardenalochreth" to "Christiane et Margarete de Drummond filiabus Johannis de Drummond" by undated charter[197]m ---.  The name of Malcolm’s wife is not known.  Malcolm & his wife had one child: 

i)          MALCOLM (-killed in battle Halidon Hill 19 Jul 1333).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   He succeeded his father as Earl of Lennox

-         see below

2.         DUNCAN

 

 

MALCOLM, son of MALCOLM Earl of Lennox & his wife --- (-killed in battle Halidon Hill 19 Jul 1333).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   He succeeded his father as Earl of Lennox.  "Malcolmus comes de Levenax" granted "totum officium…tosheagor de Levenax" to "Patricio de Lindsay filio domini Hugonis de Lindsay consanguineo nostro" by undated charter[198].  The relationship between the two parties has not yet been traced. 

m MARGARET of Mar, [sister or daughter] of DONALD Earl of Mar.  She is named as wife of Malcolm Earl of Lennox by Fraser[199]

Earl Malcolm & his wife had two children:

1.         DONALD (-1364 or before).  He succeeded his father as Earl of Lennox.  "Dovenaldus comes de Levenax" confirmed "totam terram de Buchnwl" to "Patricio de Lindsay filio domini Patricii de Lindsay militis" by undated charter, witnessed by "domino Malcolmo Flemyng comite de Wygtone…"[200].  "Douenaldus comes de Levenax" granted "totam…terram…Tulewyn in comitatu nostro de Levenax" to "Waltero de Fosselane filio et heredi Anweleth de Fosselane", except a part held by "Duncano filio antedicti Walteri", by undated charter[201]m ---.  The name of Donald’s wife is not known.  Donald & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARGARET of Lennox (-after 19 Aug 1388)m ([1344]) WALTER de Fasselane, son of ALAN de Fasselane & his wife --- (-after 19 Aug 1388).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 8 May 1386 under which Robert II King of Scotland confirmed "comitatum de Levenax" to "Duncano de Levenax militi", previously held by "Walteri filii Alani de Fasselane et Margarete sponse sua"[202]Earl of Lennox, de iure uxoris.  He and his wife resigned the Earldom of Lennox in 1385 in favour of their son Duncan. 

2.         MURDOCH .  "Waltero de Fosselane, Willielmo de Galbraith, Murdaco fratre comitis de Levenax, Yvaro Campbell, Malcolmo filio Duncano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Donaldus comes de Levenax" granted land "de Eschend" to "Andree de Cunninghame"[203]

3.         MALCOLM .  "Malcolmus comes de Levenax" granted "terre…Cronverne…" to "Gilberto de Carric filio et heredi quondam domini Gilberti de Carrick militis" by undated charter witnessed by "dominis Malcolmo filio nostro…"[204]

 

 

1.         ALAN de Fasselane .  According to the editor of the Lennox Cartularium, "Auley or Alan de Fasselane" was the older son of Amelec, brother of Maldouen Earl of Lennox (see above), but he cites no primary source on which the statement is based[205].  From a chronological point of view, this would seem to be a stretch.  m ---.  The name of Alan’s wife is not known.  Alan & his wife had one child: 

a)         WALTER de Fasselane (-after 19 Aug 1388).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 8 May 1386 under which Robert II King of Scotland confirmed "comitatum de Levenax" to "Duncano de Levenax militi", previously held by "Walteri filii Alani de Fasselane et Margarete sponse sua"[206].  "Waltero de Fosselane, Willielmo de Galbraith, Murdaco fratre comitis de Levenax, Yvaro Campbell, Malcolmo filio Duncano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Donaldus comes de Levenax" granted land "de Eschend" to "Andree de Cunninghame"[207].  "Douenaldus comes de Levenax" granted "totam…terram…Tulewyn in comitatu nostro de Levenax" to "Waltero de Fosselane filio et heredi Anweleth de Fosselane", except a part held by "Duncano filio antedicti Walteri", by undated charter[208]Earl of Lennox, de iure uxoris.  "Walterus de Fosselane dominus de Levenax" granted "terram de Auchmarr…in comitatu nostro de Levenax" to "Waltero domino de Buchanan" by charter dated 20 Aug 1373[209].  He and his wife resigned the Earldom of Lennox in 1385 in favour of their son Duncan.  m MARGARET of Lennox, daughter of DONALD Earl of Lennox & his wife --- (-after 19 Aug 1388).  Margaret & her husband had four children:

i)          DUNCAN of Lennox (-executed Stirling Castle 25 May 1425, bur Church of the Friars Preachers).  "Douenaldus comes de Levenax" granted "totam…terram…Tulewyn in comitatu nostro de Levenax" to "Waltero de Fosselane filio et heredi Anweleth de Fosselane", except a part held by "Duncano filio antedicti Walteri", by undated charter[210].  He succeeded as Earl of Lennox in 1385 on the resignation of his parents.  Robert II King of Scotland confirmed "comitatum de Levenax" to "Duncano de Levenax militi", previously held by "Walteri filii Alani de Fasselane et Margarete sponse sua", by charter dated 8 May 1386[211].  "Duncanus comes de Levenax" granted "terras de Drumfad ester et Kyrkmychel westyr" to "Murdaco filio Malcolmi…domini de Leky" by undated charter witnessed by "Duncano Campbell domino de Gaunan, Alexandro de Levenax, Alano de Levenax, Waltero de Levenax, fratribus nostris…"[212].  He was executed for high treason, being implicated in the plot of his son-in-law[213]m (dispensation to recontract marriage 30 Mar 1373) as her second husband, ELLEN Campbell, widow of JOHN Macdonald of the Isles, daughter of ARCHIBALD [Gillespie] Campbell & his [second] wife [Isabel Lamont] (-after 1434).  Earl Duncan & his wife had three children: 

(a)       ISABEL (-[early May] [1458]).  She succeeded her father as Ctss of Lennox, suo iure.  She was kept prisoner during the life of James I King of Scotland but afterwards lived at her castle of Inchmurrin in Loch Lomond[214]m (settlement 17 Feb 1392) MURDOCH Stewart, son of ROBERT Stewart Duke of Albany & his first wife Margaret Graham Ctss of Menteith ([1362]-beheaded 25 May 1425).  He succeeded his father in 1420 as Duke of Albany. 

(b)       MARGARET (-[18 May 1451/1453])m (before 25 Jul 1392) ROBERT Menteith of Rusky (-before 1411).  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(1)       MURDOCH Menteith (-before 1456).  m ---.  The name of Murdoch’s wife is not known.  Murdoch & his wife had three children: 

a.         PATRICK Menteith (-young). 

b.         AGNES Menteithm ([1460]) JOHN Haldane of Glasgow, son of ---.  He disputed the claim of Lord Darnley to the earldom of Lennox in 1473 on the basis that his wife was descended from the elder of the second and third daughters of Earl Duncan[215]

c.         ELIZABETH Menteithm JOHN Napier, son of ALEXANDER Napier of Merchiston Kt & his wife ---. 

(c)       ELIZABETH (-Nov 1429).  Elizabeth's first husband is named in the dispensation for her second marriage[216]m firstly ALEXANDER ---.  m secondly (marriage settlement Feb 1392, dispensation 23 Sep 1406) JOHN Stuart of Darnley, co. Renfrew, son of ALEXANDER Stewart of Darnley & his first wife --- Turnbull (-killed in battle Orléans 12 Feb 1428). 

ii)         ALEXANDER .  "Duncanus comes de Levenax" granted "terras de Drumfad ester et Kyrkmychel westyr" to "Murdaco filio Malcolmi…domini de Leky" by undated charter witnessed by "Duncano Campbell domino de Gaunan, Alexandro de Levenax, Alano de Levenax, Waltero de Levenax, fratribus nostris…"[217].  He was alleged in 1765 to be the ancestor of Alexander Lennox who petitioned the House of Lords (presented 15 Mar 1769) for recognition as Earl of Lennox[218]

iii)        ALAN .  "Duncanus comes de Levenax" granted "terras de Drumfad ester et Kyrkmychel westyr" to "Murdaco filio Malcolmi…domini de Leky" by undated charter witnessed by "Duncano Campbell domino de Gaunan, Alexandro de Levenax, Alano de Levenax, Waltero de Levenax, fratribus nostris…"[219]

iv)       WALTER .  "Duncanus comes de Levenax" granted "terras de Drumfad ester et Kyrkmychel westyr" to "Murdaco filio Malcolmi…domini de Leky" by undated charter witnessed by "Duncano Campbell domino de Gaunan, Alexandro de Levenax, Alano de Levenax, Waltero de Levenax, fratribus nostris…"[220]

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of LENNOX 1488-1571 (STEWART)

 

 

JOHN Stewart, son of ALAN Stewart of Darnley & his wife Catherine Seton ([8 Jul/11 Sep] 1495).  Lord Darnley 1460.  Lord Darnley claimed the Earldom of Lennox in 1473, as the heir of Elizabeth daughter of Duncan Earl of Lennox, whom he claimed (wrongly it appears) was the Earl's second daughter.  The claim was disputed by John Haldane of Gleneagles, whose wife was descended from Elizabeth's older sister Margaret, in whose favour the king and the Lords of the Council found 12 Jan 1476.  However, a settlement was presumably reached as Lord Darnley eventually took his seat in the parliament of 1488 as Earl of Lennox[221]

m (1438) MARGARET Montgomerie, daughter of ALEXANDER Lord Montgomerie & his wife Margaret Boyd of Kilmarnock.

John & his wife had nine children: 

1.         MATTHEW (-killed in battle Flodden 9 Sep 1513)Earl of Lennoxm firstly MARGARET Lyle, daughter of ROBERT Lord Lyle & his wife ---.  m secondly (contract 9 Apr 1494) ELIZABETH Hamilton, daughter of JAMES Lord Hamilton & his second wife Lady Mary Stewart (of Scotland) (-after Apr 1531).  Matthew & his second wife had [six] children:

a)         JOHN (-murdered [Linlithgow] 4 Sep 1526).  Earl of Lennox.   

-        see below

b)         MUNGO .  1521/22.

c)         MARGARETm firstly JOHN Lord Fleming, son of ---.  m secondly ALEXANDER Douglas of Mains, son of ---.

d)         ELIZABETHm HUGH Campbell of Loudun, son of ---.

e)         AGNESm WILLIAM Edmonstone of Dundreath, son of ---.

f)          [JANET (-before 1529)m (before 15 Nov 1515) as his first wife, NINIAN Lord Ross, son of --- (-1556).]

2.         WILLIAM (-before 1503).  Seigneur d'Olzon et de Grey.

3.         ALEXANDER (-before 1508).

4.         ROBERT Stuart (-1543).  Seigneur d'Aubigny, Marshal of France, Comte de Beaumont-le-Roger.  m firstly (1499) ANNE Stuart Ctss de Beaumont-le-Roger, daughter of BERNARD Stuart Seigneur d'Aubigny Duc de Terranuova & his second wife Anne de Maumont Ctss de Beaumont-le-Roger (-before 1527).  m secondly JACQUELINE de la Queulle, daughter and co-heiress of FRANÇOIS Seigneur de la Queulle & his wife ---.

5.         JOHN of Henriestonn (-1512).  Seigneur d'Oizon.  Rector of Kirkenner.  m firstly (before 1486) MARY Sempill, daughter of THOMAS Sempill of Eliotstown & his wife ---.  m secondly as her second husband, ANNE de Concressault, widow of --- Monypenny, daughter of ALEXANDER Seigneur de Concressault & his wife ---.  John & his first wife had one child:

a)         MARGARETm JOHN Fraser of Kuoik in Ayrshire, son of ---.

6.         ELIZABETHm ARCHIBALD Earl of Argyll, son of --- (-killed in battle 1513).

7.         MARIONm (1472) ROBERT Crichton of Kinnoull Lord Crichton, son of ---.

8.         ELIZABETHm ([1480]) JOHN Colquhon of Luss, son of ---. 

9.         ALAN of Cardonald .  m ---.  The name of Alan’s wife is not known. 

 

 

JOHN Stuart, son of MATTHEW Stuart Earl of Lennox & his second wife Elizabeth Hamilton (-murdered [Linlithgow] 4 Sep 1526)Earl of Lennox

m ([1511/12]) as her first husband, ELIZABETH Stewart, daughter of JOHN Stewart Earl of Atholl & his second wife Eleanor Sinclair . 

John & his wife had four children: 

1.         MATTHEW Stuart (Dunbarton Castle 21 Sep 1516-murdered Stirling 4 Sep 1571, bur Stirling)Earl of Lennox.   

-        see below

2.         ROBERT Stuart (-St Andrew’s 29 Aug 1586).  Bishop of Caithness 1543.  Earl of Lennox 1578-1579.  Earl of March 1579-1580.  m (5 Dec 1578, divorced 19 May 1581) as her second husband, ELIZABETH Stewart, widow of HUGH Fraser Lord Lovat, daughter of JOHN Stewart Earl of Atholl & his first wife Elizabeth Gordon of the Earls of Huntly.  Robert had illegitimate children by an unknown mistress.

3.         JOHN Stuart (-1567).  Seigneur d'Aubigny.  m (1542) ANNE de Quenelle, daughter of FRANÇOIS Seigneur de Quenelle & his second wife Anne de Rohan. 

-        EARLS of LENNOX, DUKES of LENNOX, DUKES of RICHMOND

4.         HELEN Stuart (-1564)m firstly WILLIAM Earl of Erroll, son of ---.  Mistress of JAMES V King of Scotland, son of JAMES IV King of Scotland & his wife Margaret Tudor (Linlithgow palace, Fife 15 Apr 1512-Falkland castle 14 Dec 1542).  m secondly (1549) JOHN Earl of Sutherland, son of --- (-1567).

 

 

MATTHEW Stuart, son of JOHN Stuart Earl of Lennox & his wife Elizabeth Stewart of Atholl (Dunbarton Castle 21 Sep 1516-murdered Stirling 4 Sep 1571, bur Stirling)Earl of Lennox.  Served in the French army 1532-Mar 1543.  Elected Regent of Scotland 11 Jul 1570, but taken prisoner by supporters of Queen Mary. 

m (St James’s Palace 29 Jun 1544) MARGARET Douglas, daughter of ARCHIBALD Douglas Earl of Angus & his wife Margaret Tudor Queen Regent of Scotland (Harbottle 18 Oct 1515-Hackney 9 Mar 1578, bur 3 Apr 1578 Westminster Abbey). 

Matthew & his wife had five children: 

1.         HENRY Stuart (Feb 1545-29 Nov 1545). 

2.         HENRY Stuart (Temple Newsham, Yorkshire 7 Dec 1545-murdered Provost’s House, Kirk o’ Field, Edinburgh 10 Feb 1566/7, bur Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh).  Lord Darnley from birth.  Created Earl of Ross and Baron Ardmannoch 15 May 1565, and Duke of Albany 20 Jul 1565.  Proclaimed King of Scotland 28 Jul 1565.  m (Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh 29 Jul 1565) as her second husband, MARY Queen of Scots, daughter of JAMES V King of Scotland & his second wife Marie de Guise (Linlithgow Palace 7/8 Dec 1542-executed Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire 8 Feb 1587), bur Peterborough Cathedral, removed 1612 to Westminster Abbey). 

a)         JAMES CHARLES (Edinburgh Castle 19 Jun 1566-Theobalds Park, Herts 27 Mar 1625, bur Westminster Abbey).  Duke of Rothesay from birth.  He succeeded his father as Duke of Albany, Earl of Ross and Baron Ardmannoch 10 Feb 1567.  He succeeded his mother 24 Jul 1567 as JAMES VI King of Scotland.  Crowned King of Scotland 29 Jul 1567 at the Church of the Holy Rood, Stirling.  He succeeded in 1603 as JAMES I King of England.   

-        KINGS OF ENGLAND.

3.         son (-young). 

4.         4 daughters (-young).

5.         Lord CHARLES Stuart ([1556]-London 1576).  Created Earl of Lennox and Lord Darnely 18 Apr 1572.  m (late 1574, before 22 Dec) ELIZABETH Cavendish, daughter of WILLIAM Cavendish & his third wife Elizabeth Hardwicke (-Sheffield Castle just before 21 Jan 1581/2).  Charles & his wife had one child: 

a)         Lady ARABELLA Stuart ([1575]-Tower of London 25 Sep 1615, bur 27 Sep Westminster Abbey).  Imprisoned at Lambeth 9 Jul 1610 on account of her marriage, she escaped, but was recaptured and imprisoned in the Tower of London where she went insane. 

m (secretly Greenwich Palace 22 Jun 1610) as his first wife, WILLIAM Seymour, son of EDWARD Seymour Lord Beauchamp & his wife Honora Rogers (1 Sep 1587-).  Imprisoned in the Tower of London 8 Jul 1610 on account of his marriage, he escaped 3 Jun 1611 and fled to the Netherlands.  He was allowed to return to England after his wife’s death.  Lord Beauchamp  Sep 1618, after his older brother’s death.  Succeeded his grandfather 1621 as Earl of Hertford.  Created Marquess of Hertford 3 Jun 1641.  Restored as Duke of Somerset 13 Sep 1660.  No children. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    SUTHERLAND

 

 

 

1.         FRESKIN (-after 1203).  m ---.  Freskin & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH Freskin (-after 1211).  "…Hugone Freskyn et Willelmo fratre eius…" witnessed the charter dated 25 Aug (no year) under which William King of Scotland confirmed the donation of "ecclesia de Kynguscy cum capella de Benchory" to the church of Moray by "Bricio Moraviensi episcopo"[222].  "Hugo Freskyn" donated "terram meam de Scelbol in Sutherland" to the church of Moray by charter dated to [1203/14], witnessed by "Willelmo fratre meo, Andrea fratre meo…Hugone Duglas, Freskyno Duglas…"[223]m ---.  The name of Hugh’s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM de Sutherland (-[1248], bur Dornoch).  "Willelmus dominus de Suthyrlandia filius et heres quondam Hugonis Freskyn" confirmed the donation of "terram meam de Scelbol in Suthyrlandia et…Fernebuchlyn et…Innerchen" to the church of Moray made by "Hugo Freskyn quondam pater meus" by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone Duglas, Freskyno de Duglas…"[224].  He was created Earl of Sutherland in [1235]. 

b)         WILLIAM (-after 1204).  "…Willelmo filio Freskini…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland confirmed the donation by "Johanni heremite" to the church of Moray[225].  "…Willelmo filio Fresekini…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland donated "ecclesiam de Foreys et ecclesiam de Dich" to the church of Moray[226].  "…Willelmo filio Freskyn, Hugone filio suo…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Foreys et ecclesiam de Dich" to the church of Mo ray[227].  "…Hugone Freskyn et Willelmo fratre eius…" witnessed the charter dated 25 Aug (no year) under which William King of Scotland confirmed the donation of "ecclesia de Kynguscy cum capella de Benchory" to the church of Moray by "Bricio Moraviensi episcopo"[228].  "Hugo Freskyn" donated "terram meam de Scelbol in Sutherland" to the church of Moray by charter dated to [1203/14], witnessed by "Willelmo fratre meo, Andrea fratre meo…Hugone Duglas, Freskyno Duglas…"[229]

-        MORAY

c)         ANDREW Freskin (-after 1203).  "Hugo Freskyn" donated "terram meam de Scelbol in Sutherland" to the church of Moray by charter dated to [1203/14], witnessed by "Willelmo fratre meo, Andrea fratre meo…Hugone Duglas, Freskyno Duglas…"[230]

2.         [--- .  The family origin and marriage of the wife of William Douglas are indicated by the undated charter under which her son Brice Bishop of Moray confirmed "ecclesiam de Deveth" to the church of Moray at the request of "Freskyni de Kerdal avunculi nostri"[231].  It is also corroborated by the numerous charters which are witnessed both by Freskin’s descendants and by the sons of William Douglas (see below).  m WILLIAM de Douglas, son of --- (-1213 or after).] 

 

 

3.         ANDREW de Moray .  "Domino Bricio Moraviensi episcopo…Arkembaldo de Duseglas, Freskyno decano Moraviensis ecclesie, Andrea de Moravia, Alexandro, Henrico, Hugone…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willelmus filius Willelmi Freskyny" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Artendol" to the church of Mo ray[232]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    DOUGLAS

 

 

A.      ORIGINS

 

 

WILLIAM de Douglas (-1213 or after).  "…Will de Dusglas…" witnessed the undated charter, dated to [1174/99], under which Jocelyn Bishop of Glasgow confirmed the donation of "capellam castelli de Pebles" to Kelso abbey[233].  "…Domino Willielmo de Doneglass…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Maldovenus comes de Levenax" granted land "in Levenax…Buthernockis et…Kyncaith" to "Wilielmo filio Arthuri filii Galbrait"[234]

m ---, sister of Freskin, daughter of ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  Her family origin is indicated by the undated charter under which her son Brice Bishop of Moray confirmed "ecclesiam de Deveth" to the church of Moray at the request of "Freskyni de Kerdal avunculi nostri"[235].  It is also corroborated by the numerous charters which are witnessed both by Freskin’s descendants and by the sons of William Douglas (see below). 

William & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         ARCHIBALD de Douglas (-after 1240).  "Comes Malcolmus de Fyffe" confirmed "terram…de Levingstoun…et…de Hirmanstoun", which "idem Willelmus de me tenuit", to "Archebaldo de Douglas filio Willelmi de Douglas" by undated charter[236].  "Domino Bricio Moraviensi episcopo…Arkembaldo de Duseglas, Freskyno decano Moraviensis ecclesie, Andrea de Moravia, Alexandro, Henrico, Hugone…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willelmus filius Willelmi Freskyny" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Artendol" to the church of Mo ray[237].  "Amelec frater Maldoveni comitis de Levenax" donated "ecclesiam de Rosneth" to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Archebaldo de Dusglas…"[238].  "…Erkenbaldo de Duglas fratre quondam Bricii episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 31 Oct 1226 which confirmed an agreement between the bishop of Moray and "Gylbertum Hostiarium" about "terra de Strathboc et…Buleske"[239]m ---.  The name of Archibald’s wife is not known.  Archibald & his wife had [two] children:

a)         [WILLIAM Douglas of Douglas (-before 20 Oct 1274).  There is no evidence that William was the son of Archibald other than the fact that he inherited Archibald’s lands[240].  "…Will et Andreas de Duglas…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Joh Gallard" donated "in terra de Siwinis Keeth" to Dunfermline monastery by undated charter[241].]  m CONSTANCE, daughter of --- (-after 20 Oct 1274).  "Constancia widow of William de Duglasse" gave two marks for a writ ad terminum by charter dated 20 Oct 1274[242].  William & his wife had three children:

i)          HUGH Douglas of Douglas (-before 1289).  His contract of marriage is dated 6 Apr 1259[243]m (contract 6 Apr 1259) MARJORY Abernethy, daughter of HUGH de Abernethy & his wife ---. 

ii)         WILLIAM Douglas of Douglas "le Hardi" (-London in prison 1298)

-         EARLS of DOUGLAS

iii)        WILLELMA Douglas (-late Dec 1302).  Letters of inquisition, after the death of "Lady Willelma, daughter of the late Sir William Douglas", are dated 30 Dec 1303 and record that "Sir John Comyn grandfather of the present Sir John Comyn" gave land at "Dalserfe to Sir William de Galbrathe in frank marriage with his daughter, and that the said Sir William gave it ot his son in frank marriage" with the deceased, as well as naming the couple’s four daughters and recording her death "within the Feast of the Lord’s nativity 1302"[244]m WILLIAM Galbraithe, son of WILLIAM Galbraithe & his wife --- Comyn. 

b)         [ANDREW Douglas of Douglas .  "…Will et Andreas de Duglas…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Joh Gallard" donated "in terra de Siwinis Keeth" to Dunfermline monastery by undated charter[245].  There appears to be no other evidence than this charter that Andrew was the brother of William Douglas[246].  1248.] 

-        see below

2.         BRICE Douglas (-1222).  Prior of Leamahagu.  Bishop of Moray 1203.  "Domino Bricio Moraviensi episcopo…Arkembaldo de Duseglas, Freskyno decano Moraviensis ecclesie, Andrea de Moravia, Alexandro, Henrico, Hugone…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willelmus filius Willelmi Freskyny" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Artendol" to the church of Moray[247].  "Dno Bricio Moraviensis episcopo, Henr et Alexander fratribus eius…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Margarete de Vescy filia Reg. Scott" confirmed revenue from "molendino meo de Sprouston" to Kelso abbey[248]

3.         HUGH Douglas (-[1238]).  "Hugo Freskyn" donated "terram meam de Scelbol in Sutherland" to the church of Moray by charter dated to [1203/14], witnessed by "Willelmo fratre meo, Andrea fratre meo…Hugone Duglas, Freskyno Duglas…"[249].  "Willelmus dominus de Suthyrlandia filius et heres quondam Hugonis Freskyn" confirmed the donation of "terram meam de Scelbol in Suthyrlandia et…Fernebuchlyn et…Innerchen" to the church of Moray made by "Hugo Freskyn quondam pater meus" by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone Duglas, Freskyno de Duglas…"[250].  "Domino Bricio Moraviensi episcopo…Arkembaldo de Duseglas, Freskyno decano Moraviensis ecclesie, Andrea de Moravia, Alexandro, Henrico, Hugone…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willelmus filius Willelmi Freskyny" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Artendol" to the church of Moray[251].  "…Hugone de Duglas Alexandro et Henrico fratribus nostris…" witnessed the undated charter under which Brice Bishop of Moray confirmed "ecclesiam de Deveth" to the church of Moray at the request of "Freskyni de Kerdal avunculi nostri"[252]

4.         [FRESKIN Douglas .  "Hugo Freskyn" donated "terram meam de Scelbol in Sutherland" to the church of Moray by charter dated to [1203/14], witnessed by "Willelmo fratre meo, Andrea fratre meo…Hugone Duglas, Freskyno Duglas…"[253].  "Willelmus dominus de Suthyrlandia filius et heres quondam Hugonis Freskyn" confirmed the donation of "terram meam de Scelbol in Suthyrlandia et…Fernebuchlyn et…Innerchen" to the church of Moray made by "Hugo Freskyn quondam pater meus" by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone Duglas, Freskyno de Duglas…"[254].  "Domino Bricio Moraviensi episcopo…Arkembaldo de Duseglas, Freskyno decano Moraviensis ecclesie, Andrea de Moravia, Alexandro, Henrico, Hugone…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willelmus filius Willelmi Freskyny" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Artendol" to the church of Moray[255].] 

5.         HENRY Douglas (-after 1239).  "Dno Bricio Moraviensis episcopo, Henr et Alexander fratribus eius…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Margarete de Vescy filia Reg. Scott" confirmed revenue from "molendino meo de Sprouston" to Kelso abbey[256].  "Domino Bricio Moraviensi episcopo…Arkembaldo de Duseglas, Freskyno decano Moraviensis ecclesie, Andrea de Moravia, Alexandro, Henrico, Hugone…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willelmus filius Willelmi Freskyny" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Artendol" to the church of Moray[257].  "…Hugone de Duglas Alexandro et Henrico fratribus nostris…" witnessed the undated charter under which Brice Bishop of Moray confirmed "ecclesiam de Deveth" to the church of Moray at the request of "Freskyni de Kerdal avunculi nostri"[258]

6.         ALEXANDER Douglas (-after 1237).  "Dno Bricio Moraviensis episcopo, Henr et Alexander fratribus eius…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Margarete de Vescy filia Reg. Scott" confirmed revenue from "molendino meo de Sprouston" to Kelso abbey[259].  "Domino Bricio Moraviensi episcopo…Arkembaldo de Duseglas, Freskyno decano Moraviensis ecclesie, Andrea de Moravia, Alexandro, Henrico, Hugone…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willelmus filius Willelmi Freskyny" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Artendol" to the church of Moray[260].  "…Hugone de Duglas Alexandro et Henrico fratribus nostris…" witnessed the undated charter under which Brice Bishop of Moray confirmed "ecclesiam de Deveth" to the church of Moray at the request of "Freskyni de Kerdal avunculi nostri"[261]

 

 

ANDREW Douglas of Douglas, son of [ARCHIBALD Douglas & his wife ---] .  "…Will et Andreas de Duglas…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Joh Gallard" donated "in terra de Siwinis Keeth" to Dunfermline monastery by undated charter[262].  There appears to be no other evidence than this charter that Andrew was the brother of William Douglas[263].  1248. 

m ---.  The name of Andrew’s wife is not known. 

Andrew & his wife had one child:

1.         WILLIAM Douglas of Midlothian .  1296.  "Willelmus dominus de Douglas…de Landonya" donated "terram meam del Knokys" by undated charter[264]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had [one] child:

a)         [JAMES Douglas of Laudoun (-[1320]).  There is no evidence that James was the son of William other than the fact that he inherited Archibald’s lands[265].  Robert I King of Scotland granted revenue from land held by "Jacobus de Douglas de Laudonia miles" to "Reginaldo de Crauford" by undated charter witnessed by "…Jacobo dño de Douglas, Robto de Keth marescallo militibus"[266].  "Johannes de Graham dñs de Abrecorn" confirmed "terram…in tenemento de Dalketh" to "Roberto de Lauuedre" by charter dated 4 Mar 1315 witnessed by "…dño Jacobo de Douglas…"[267].  Robert I King of Scotland granted "terras de Kincavill de Caldorcler" to "Jacobo de Douglas de Laudonia" by charter dated 2 Apr "anno regni nostri decimo" (1316) witnessed by "…Jacobo dño de Douglas, Robto de Keth marescallo nostro Scocie militibus"[268].]  m ---.  The name of James’s wife is not known.  James & his wife had four children:

i)          WILLIAM Douglas of Liddesdale "the Flower of Chivalry" (-murdered Ettrick Forest Aug 1353, Melrose).  Robert I King of Scotland named "Willo de Douglas filio et heredi quondam Jacobi de Douglas de Laudonia militis" in a charter dated 23 Sep "anno regni nostri octavo" relating to a land dispute[269].  The dating of this charter conflicts with the dating of the charter "anno regni nostri decimo" under which the king granted other land to "Jacobo de Douglas de Laudonia", apparently William’s father (see above).  It is possible that the date in the former document is an error for "anno regni nostri decimo octavo".  Robert I King of Scotland confirmed revenue from "baronia de Caldoreclere et de Kyncauel…infra vicecomitat de Edynburgh" to "Willo filio et heredi…quondam Jacobi de Douglas […de Laudonia militem]" by charter dated 20 Apr "anno regno nostri octavo decimo"[270].  Earl of Atholl 1341.  He resigned the earldom at Aberdeen in favour of Robert Stewart the High Steward.  "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei", naming "Willelmo de Douglas fratri eiusdem Jacobi…Johanni de Douglas fratri eorundem Jacobi et Willelmi…Henrico de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi Willelmi et Johannis…Thome de Douglas fratri predictorum Jacobi, Willelmi, Johannis et Henrici", by charter dated 3 Nov 1351[271].  "…Mauricio de Moravia consanguineis nostris Malcolmo Flemyng Willlemo de Dowglas et Thoma de Carnoco cancellario nostro militibus" witnessed the charter dated 29 Dec 1351 under which "David rex Scottorum" confirmed the possessions of Scone abbey[272].  The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Sir William of Douglas" was killed "while out hunting and crossing Ettrick Forest…by William of Douglas, lord of that ilk" in Aug 1353, "in revenge for the death of Alexander of Ramsay and the lord David of Barclay", and buried "at Melrose"[273]m as her first husband, ELIZABETH, daughter of ---.  Edward III King of England reached agreement with “Elizabetha quæ fuit uxor Willielmi Douglas” relating to “castro del Hermitage in Scotia” by charter dated 14 Oct 1353 which refers to “filiorum eorundem Willielmi et Elizabethæ[274].  She married secondly Hugh Dacre.  Edward III King of England granted permission for the marriage between “Elizabetham quæ fuit uxor Willielmi Douglas” and “Hugoni de Dacre Anglico, fratri...Willielmi de Dacre” by charter dated 1 Jul 1355[275].  William & his wife had two or more children: 

(a)       MARY Douglas (-before Jun 1367).  A charter dated 30 Jun 1367 records the death of "quondam Maria de Douglas filia et heres quondam Willelmi de Duglas de Lydelisdal militis consanguinea Jacobi de Douglas" and the inheritance of "dictus Jacobus"[276]

(b)       other children .  Edward III King of England reached agreement with “Elizabetha quæ fuit uxor Willielmi Douglas” relating to “castro del Hermitage in Scotia” by charter dated 14 Oct 1353 which refers to “filiorum eorundem Willielmi et Elizabethæ[277]

ii)         Sir JOHN Douglas (-before 3 Nov 1351).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 3 Nov 1351 under which his brother "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei"[278]

-         EARLS of MORTON

iii)        ANDREW Douglas .  "Dominis Andrea de Douglas et Willelmo de Douglas fratre meo militibus Archebaldo de Douglas consanguineo meo…" witnessed the charter dated 3 Nov 1351 under which "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei"[279]

iv)       WILLIAM Douglas .  "Dominis Andrea de Douglas et Willelmo de Douglas fratre meo militibus Archebaldo de Douglas consanguineo meo…" witnessed the charter dated 3 Nov 1351 under which "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei"[280].  It is possible that William Douglas was the half-brother of the grantor under this charter, who bore the same name, maybe illegitimate. 

 

 

 

B.      EARLS of DOUGLAS

 

 

WILLIAM Douglas of Douglas "the Hardy", son of WILLIAM Douglas of Douglas & his wife --- (-London in prison 1298).  King Edward I ordered the lands of "Willelmi Duglas" to be repledged and his release from prison after his abduction of "Alianoram quæ fuit uxor Willelmi de Ferrariis defuncti"[281].  King Edward I ordered "Willelmo Duzglas" to pay fines for his marriage to "Alianora de Ferariis" by charter dated Jan 1291[282]

m firstly ELIZABETH Stewart, daughter of ALEXANDER Stewart High Steward of Scotland & his wife Jean of Bute.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Balfour Paul records her parentage and marriage without citing a precise source[283].  The marriage is suggested by Barbour’s The Brus which records that "Walter Steward" and "Douglas" were "cosynis in ner degre"[284]

m secondly (before 28 Jan 1289) as her second husband, ELEANOR de Lovaine, widow of WILLIAM de Ferrers Lord of Groby, daughter of MATTHEW de Lovaine & his wife Muriel --- (-after 3 May 1326).  Edward I King of England wrote to the Guardians of Scotland 27 Mar 1289 regarding "Alianora quæ fuit uxor Willelmi de Ferariis" who was abducted by "Willelmus ‘de’ Duglas" after the death of her husband from "manerio…Elenæ la Zusche, de Travernant"[285].  She married thirdly (before 6 Oct 1305) William Bagot

William & his first wife had one child: 

1.         JAMES Douglas "the good Sir James" (-killed in battle in Spain [Sep/Dec] 1330).  Robert I King of Scotland granted revenue from land held by "Jacobus de Douglas de Laudonia miles" to "Reginaldo de Crauford" by undated charter witnessed by "…Jacobo dño de Douglas, Robto de Keth marescallo militibus"[286].  Robert I King of Scotland granted "terras de Kincavill de Caldorcler" to "Jacobo de Douglas de Laudonia" by charter dated 2 Apr "anno regni nostri decimo" (1316) witnessed by "…Jacobo dño de Douglas, Robto de Keth marescallo nostro Scocie militibus"[287].  Robert I King of Scotland granted "terram de Polbuthy" to "Jacobo dño de Douglas militi" by charter dated 15 Dec "anno regni nostri tercio decimo" (1319)[288].  "…Jacobo dño de Douglas…" witnessed the charter dated 20 Oct "anno regni nostri quarto decimo" (1320) under which Robert I King of Scotland confirmed the donation of "Radulphi de Heychlyn…Johanni de Heychlyn filio suo"[289].  "…Jacobo domino de Duglas, Gilberto de Haya constabulario nostro, Alexandro Fraser camerario nostro militibus" witnessed the charter dated 1 Mar "anno nostri vicesimo" (1326) under which "Robertus…rex Scottorum" confirmed donations to Scone abbey[290].  The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "James of Douglas" was killed in battle fighting the "Saracens" in 1330, after 26 Aug[291].  Froissart records that "messire James Douglas, frère à messire Guillaume" died "en Grenade"[292]m ---.  James & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM (-killed in battle Halidon Hill 19 Jul 1333).  Lord of Douglas.  His parentage is confirmed by complaint by the monks of Coldingham to King David II, accusing "William Lord Douglas and Archibald Douglas his uncle" of depriving them of the town of Swinton[293].  Balfour Paul suggests that his immediate succession to his father’s estates provides confirmation of his legitimacy[294]

James had one illegitimate son by his mistress ---:

b)         ARCHIBALD Douglas ([1325]-Threave [24 Dec 1400/9 Feb 1401], bur Bothwell).  Froissart names "messire Arcebaus Douglas" as son of "messire James Douglas, frère à messire Guillaume" who died "en Grenade"[295].  He succeeded in 1388 as Earl of Douglas

-        see below

William & his second wife had two children: 

2.         HUGH Douglas ([1294]-[1347]).  According to Balfour Paul, Hugh and Archibald were William Douglas’s sons by his second marriage, stating that Hugh was born in 1294, but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[296].  Lord of Douglas.  He resigned the lordship 26 May 1342.  "Hugo de Douglas dominus foreste de Jedworth et medietate baronie de Watstirker" granted "medietatem baronie de Watstirker" to "fideli meo Willelmo de Douglas de Laudonia" by undated charter which names "quondam dominus Jacobus de Douglas miles frater meus", witnessed by "…domino Johannes de Douglas archidiacono Laudonie, domino Andrea de Douglas milite…"[297]

3.         ARCHIBALD Douglas (-killed in battle Halidon Hill 19 Jul 1333).  According to Balfour Paul, Hugh and Archibald were William Douglas’s sons by his second marriage, but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[298].  Regent of Scotland.  The Liber Pluscardensis names "Archibaldus de Douglas custos Scociæ" among those killed in battle at Halidon Hill in 1333[299]m as her first husband, BEATRICE Lindsay, daughter of ALEXANDER Lindsay of Crawford & his wife --- (-after 1333).  Duncan Earl of Fife granted his barony of Wester Caldor to “domine Beatrice de Douglas sponse quondam domini Archibaldi” for her lifetime and after her death to “Johannis de Douglas filio suo et heredi ac heredibus suis” by undated charter[300].  She married secondly Robert Erskine of Erskine.  Archibald & his wife had four children: 

a)         JOHN Douglas (-before 1342).  Andrew Wyntoun’s Cronykil records that "William off Dowglas that Schyr Archebaldis sone was" was father of "Willame" and "ane othir...Jhon, and eldare than he was", adding that John "deyd be-yhond the se"[301].  Duncan Earl of Fife granted his barony of Wester Caldor to “domine Beatrice de Douglas sponse quondam domini Archibaldi” for her lifetime and after her death to “Johannis de Douglas filio suo et heredi ac heredibus suis” by undated charter[302]

b)         WILLIAM Douglas of Douglas (-Douglas May 1384, bur Melrose).  Andrew Wyntoun’s Cronykil records that "William off Dowglas that Schyr Archebaldis sone was" was father of "Willame" and "ane othir...Jhon, and eldare than he was"[303].  He was created Earl of Douglas in 1358.  m (before 13 Nov 1357) as her first husband, MARGARET of Mar, daughter of DONALD Earl of Mar & his wife Isabel Stewart (-[5 Dec 1389/19 Oct 1393]).  She succeeded her brother in [1374] as Ctss of Mar, suo iure.  She married secondly ([1385/27 Jul 1388]) as his first wife, John Swinton of Swinton.  Mistress (1): MARGARET Stewart Ctss of Angus, wife of THOMAS Earl of Mar, daughter of THOMAS Stewart Earl of Angus, Lord of Abernethy & his wife Margaret St Clair (-[1417/23 Mar 1418]).  William & his wife had two children: 

i)          JAMES Douglas (-1388).  He succeeded his father as Earl of Douglasm (dispensation 23 Nov 1371) as her first husband, Lady ISABEL Stewart, daughter of ROBERT II King of Scotland & his first wife Elizabeth Mure (-[1410]).  The Liber Pluscardensis records the marriage in 1371 of "Willelmus de Douglas…comes de Douglas…Jacobus de Douglas primogenitus eius" and "filiam…Roberti [regis]" to gain his father’s support for the king’s accession[304].  She married secondly ([1388/90]) John Edmonstone of Duntreath.  Earl James had two illegitimate children by :

(a)        WILLIAM Douglas .  He was ancestor of the house of Drumlanrig, Earls, Marquesses and Dukes of Queensberry. 

(b)        ARCHIBALD Douglas .  He was ancestor of the house of Craven. 

ii)         ISABEL Douglas ([1360]-[Aug/Sep] 1408).  Ctss of Mar, suo iure.  A charter dated 18 Mar 1390 (O.S.?) records that “Dominus Thomas de Erskyne miles” recorded a contract between “Schir Malcome of Dromonde and Schir Johne of Swyntone apone the landis of the erledome of Marre and the lordshipe of Garvyauch” acknowledging that “Issabell the said Schir Malcoms wyf is verray and lauchfull ayre and failliand of the ayrez of hir body the half of the fornemmyt erldome and lordship perteignys to my wyfe of richt of heretage” and requested the king’s confirmation of his wife’s rights[305].  The seal of "Isabel comitissa de Mare et Garviath" is appended to a contract between "Isabella de Douglas countess of Mar and of Garviach" and "Sir Alexander Stuart son of Alexander Stuart Earl of Buchan" dated 1404[306]m firstly MALCOLM Drummond of Drummond, son of JOHN Drummond of Stobhall & his wife [Mary de Montefichet] (-Nov 1402).  m secondly as his first wife, ALEXANDER Stewart, illegitimate son of ALEXANDER Stewart of Badenoch & his mistress --- ([1375]-25/26 Jul 1435, bur 26 Jul Inverness, Friars Preachers).  He is said to have "seized [the] person [of his first wife] as well as the castle of Kildrummy, wrung from her a charter" dated 12 Aug 1404 granting him the earldom of Mar, although she finally granted him the earldom 9 Dec 1404[307].  He remained Earl of Mar after the death of his first wife, as tenant for life under the terms of the confirmation granted 9 Dec 1404[308]. 

Earl William had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):

iii)        GEORGE Douglas (-1402).  He was created Earl of Angus. 

-         EARLS of ANGUS

c)         JAMES Douglas (-killed 1335).  The Liber Pluscardensis records that "Willelmus de Douglas et frater eius Jacobus" were captured by the English in 1335, the latter being killed[309]

d)         ELEANOR Douglas m firstly ALEXANDER Bruce, illegitimate son of EDWARD Bruce Earl of Carrick King of Ireland & his mistress --- (-killed in battle Halidon Hill 19 Jul 1333).  Created Earl of Carrick in [1330] or soon after.  m secondly JAMES Sandilands of Calder, son of --- (-before 1358).  m thirdly (before 1361) WILLIAM Towers of Dalry, son of ---.  m fourthly (before 1368) DUNCAN Wallace of Sundrum, son of ---.  m fifthly (1376) as his second wife, PATRICK Hepburn of Hales, son of ---.  1402. 

 

 

ARCHIBALD Douglas, illegitimate son of JAMES Douglas & his mistress --- ([1325]-Threave [24 Dec 1400/9 Feb 1401], bur Bothwell).  Froissart names "messire Arcebaus Douglas" as son of "messire James Douglas, frère à messire Guillaume" who died "en Grenade"[310].  "Dominis Andrea de Douglas et Willelmo de Douglas fratre meo militibus Archebaldo de Douglas consanguineo meo…" witnessed the charter dated 3 Nov 1351 under which "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei"[311].  The Liber Pluscardensis records that "Archibaldus…dictus Blac Archebalde, filius nobilis Jacobi de Douglas…" was captured at the battle of Poitiers in 1356[312].  "Archebaldus de Douglas dñs Galwidie et de Bothevile" confirmed "terras de Arbuthnot" to "Philippo de Arbuthnot et Margarete de Douglas filie Jacobi de Douglas militis dñi de Dalkeith" by charter dated 25 Oct 1372 which names "Joneta sponsam nostram"[313].  He succeeded in 1388 as Earl of Douglas.  The Liber Pluscardensis records the death in 1400 of "Archibaldus de Douglas, comes eiusdem"[314]

m (Papal dispensation 23 Jul 1362) as her second husband, JOAN Moray, widow of THOMAS Moray Lord of Bothwell, daughter of MAURICE Moray Earl of Strathearn & his wife Joan Menteith (-[Jan 1403/Aug 1409]).  "Archebaldus de Douglas dñs Galwidie et de Bothevile" confirmed "terras de Arbuthnot" to "Philippo de Arbuthnot et Margarete de Douglas filie Jacobi de Douglas militis dñi de Dalkeith" by charter dated 25 Oct 1372 which names "Joneta sponsam nostram"[315]

Archibald & his wife had four children: 

1.         ARCHIBALD Douglas ([1370]-killed in battle Verneuil 17 Aug 1424, bur 24 Aug 1424 Tours Cathedral).  He succeeded his father in [1400/01] as Earl of Douglas.  Charles VII King of France created him Duc de Touraine 19 Apr 1424.  The Geste des Nobles records that in 1424 “le conte de Douglas” arrived in France where “le roy de France” granted him “la duchié de Touraine[316].  He was killed fighting against the Duke of Bedford[317].  The Geste des Nobles names “le duc de Touraine, James de Douglaz son fils, le conte de Buchan son gendre connestable de France...” among those killed in battle “devant Verneuil” 17 Aug 1424[318]m (before 1390) Lady MARGARET Stewart, daughter of ROBERT III King of Scotland & his wife Annabel Drummond (-[26 Jan 1450/Sep 1456], bur Lincluden Church).  Archibald & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ARCHIBALD Douglas ([1390]-Restalrig 26 Jun 1439, bur St Bride’s, Douglas).  He succeeded his father as Earl of Douglas.  [m firstly MATILDA Lindsay, daughter of DAVID Lindsay Earl of Crawford & his wife ---.]  m [secondly] (Papal dispensation 6 Jun 1425, before 26 Apr 1425) as her first husband, EUPHEME Graham of Strathearn, daughter of PATRICK Graham Earl of Strathearn & his wife --- (-1468).  The Papal dispensation for the marriage of "Archebaldi de Douglas" and "Euphemie de Graham", issued by Pope Martin V, is dated 26 Jun 1425[319].  She married secondly (1441) as his first wife, James Hamilton Lord Hamilton.  Archibald & his [second] wife had three children: 

i)          WILLIAM Douglas (1423-beheaded Edinburgh Castle 24 Nov 1440).  He succeeded his father as Earl of Douglasm JANET Lindsay, daughter of DAVID Lindsay Earl of Crawford & his wife Marjory Ogilvy of Auchterhouse (-[1483/84]). 

ii)         DAVID Douglas (-beheaded Edinburgh Castle 24 Nov 1440). 

iii)        MARGARET Douglas "the Fair Maid of Galloway" (-[21 Jan 1473/early 1475])m firstly (1444) WILLIAM Douglas Earl of Douglas, son of JAMES Douglas Earl of Douglas & his second wife Beatrice Sinclair (1425-murdered Stirling Castle 22 Feb 1452).  m secondly (1453, divorced) as his first wife, her brother-in-law, JAMES Douglas Earl of Douglas, son of JAMES Douglas Earl of Douglas & his second wife Beatrice Sinclair (1425-Lindores Abbey [after 22 May] 1491, bur Lindores Abbey).  m thirdly ([1459/60]) as his first wife, JOHN Stewart Earl of Atholl, son of JAMES Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorn & his wife Joan Beaufort ([1440]-the Laighwood 15 Sep 1512, bur Dunkeld Cathedral).

b)         ELIZABETH Douglas (-[1451]).  m firstly JOHN Stewart Earl of Buchan Constable of France, son of ROBERT Stewart Duke of Albany & his second wife Harriet Keith ([1381]-killed in battle Verneuil 17 Aug 1424).  The Geste des Nobles names “le duc de Touraine, James de Douglaz son fils, le conte de Buchan son gendre connestable de France...” among those killed in battle “devant Verneuil” 17 Aug 1424[320]m secondly ([1425]) THOMAS Stewart Master of Mar Lord of Badenoch, illegitimate son of ALEXANDER Stewart Earl of Mar & his mistress --- (-before 1435)  m thirdly as his first wife, WILLIAM Sinclair Earl of Orkney, son of HENRY Sinclair Earl of Orkney & his wife Jill Douglas of Nithdale (-[1480]).  He was created Earl of Caithness in 1455.  He resigned the earldom of Orkney in 1470. 

c)         [JAMES Douglas (-killed in battle Verneuil 17 Aug 1424).  The Geste des Nobles names “le duc de Touraine, James de Douglaz son fils, le conte de Buchan son gendre connestable de France...” among those killed in battle “devant Verneuil” 17 Aug 1424[321].  The primary source which identifies his mother has not been identified.] 

2.         JAMES Douglas (-[24 Mar/28 Mar] 1443, bur Douglas)He succeeded his great-nephew as Earl of Douglas.  m firstly BEATRICE Stewart, daughter of ROBERT Stewart Duke of Albany & his first wife Margery Countess of Menteith (-[1424]).  m secondly (1424) BEATRICE Sinclair, daughter of HENRY Sinclair Earl of Orkney & his wife Jill Douglas of Nithsdale (-[Jun 1455/8 Feb 1463]).  Earl James & his second wife had [eleven] children:

a)         WILLIAM Douglas (1425-murdered Stirling Castle 22 Feb 1452).  Twin with his brother James.  He succeeded his father in 1443 as Earl of Douglas.  m (1444) as her first husband, MARGARET Douglas "the Fair Maid of Galloway", daughter of ARCHIBALD Douglas Earl of Douglas & his second wife Eupheme Graham of Strathearn (-[21 Jan 1473/early 1475]).  She married secondly (1453, divorced) as his first wife, her brother-in-law, James Douglas Earl of Douglas, and thirdly as his first wife, John Stewart Earl of Atholl

b)         JAMES Douglas (1425-Lindores Abbey [after 22 May] 1491, bur Lindores Abbey).  Twin with his brother William.  He succeeded his brother as Earl of Douglas.  m firstly (1453) as her second husband, his sister-in-law, MARGARET Douglas "the Fair Maid of Galloway", widow of WILLIAM Douglas Earl of Douglas, daughter of ARCHIBALD Douglas Earl of Douglas & his wife Eupheme Graham of Strathearn (-[21 Jan 1473/early 1475]).  She married thirdly as his first wife, John Stewart Earl of Athollm secondly as her third husband, ANNE de Holand, widow firstly of JOHN Neville, and secondly of JOHN Neville Lord Neville, daughter of JOHN de Holand Duke of Exeter & his first wife Anne Stafford (-26 Dec 1486). 

c)         ARCHIBALD Douglas (-killed Arkinholm 1 May 1455).  He was installed in parliament as Earl of Moray 3 Jul 1445, a reflection of the power of the Douglas family rather than of his wife's hereditary right.  He rebelled against the king following the murder of his brother William Earl of Douglas.  He was attainted posthumously and his assets and title declared forfeited[322]m ([Aug 1434/26 Apr 1442]) as her first husband, Lady ELIZABETH Dunbar, daughter of JAMES Dunbar Earl of Moray & his wife Katherine [Janet] Seton of Gordon (-before 17 Feb 1486).  She married secondly (contract 20 May 1455, divorced before 10 Mar 1460) as his first wife, George Gordon Master of Huntly, who succeeded in 1470 as Earl of Huntly, and thirdly ([1462]) as his second wife, John Colquhoun of Luss. 

d)         HUGH Douglas (-executed 1455). 

e)         JOHN Douglas (-executed 1463).  Lord of Balveny, forfeited 1455. 

f)          HENRY Douglas .  Priest. 

g)         GEORGE Douglas (-young). 

h)         MARGARET Douglas m HENRY Douglas of Borg in Galloway, son of JAMES Douglas Baron of Aberdour & his first wife Lady Elizabeth Stewart of Scotland. 

i)          BEATRICE Douglas (-1490 or after).  m (before 17 Mar 1450) WILLIAM Hay of Erroll, Perthshire, Lord Hay, Constable of Scotland, son of GILBERT Hay & his wife Alice Hay of Yester (-[Slains] after 15 Nov 1461).  He was created Earl of Erroll in 1452.  m secondly (before 12 Oct 1463) ARTHUR Forbes, son of --- (-after 1 Jun 1474). 

j)          JANET Douglasm (before 23 Jul 1451) as his first wife, ROBERT Fleming, son of MALCOLM Fleming of Biggar and Cumbernauld & his wife Elizabeth Stewart of the Dukes of Albany (-[26 Mar 1491/16 Jan 1493]).  He was created Lord Fleming in [1451/54]. 

k)         ELIZABETH Douglasm WILLIAM Wallace of Craigie. 

3.         MARJORY Douglas (-before 11 May 1421).  The Liber Pluscardensis records the marriage "apud Bothwel" of "dux Rothsay David princeps, primogenitus regis Roberti tercii" and "Archibaldus de Douglas…filiam suam Mariam"[323]m firstly (Bothwell Church Feb 1400) DAVID Stewart Duke of Rothesay, son of ROBERT III King of Scotland & his wife Annabella Drummond (24 Oct 1378-Falkland Castle 26 Mar 1402, bur Lindores Abbey).  m secondly (1403) WALTER Halyburton of Dirletoun, son of --- (-1447). 

4.         ELEANOR Douglas m ALEXANDER Fraser of Philorth, son of ---. 

Earl Archibald had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:

5.          WILLIAM Douglas of Nithsdale (-killed in battle [Dansekyn] [1392]).  The Liber Pluscardensis records that "Archibaldus de Douglas…filium…Willelmum" was killed "ab Anglicis super pontem de Dansekyn"[324].  m (1387) Lady EGIDIA Stewart, daughter of ROBERT II King of Scotland & his second wife Eupheme of Ross.  The Liber Pluscardensis records that "Archibaldus de Douglas…filium…Willelmum" married "rex Scociæ Robertus…filiam…Egidia Pulcra"[325].  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         JILL Douglas (-1438 or after).  The Liber Pluscardensis records that the only daughter of "Willelmum [Douglas]" and his wife "rex Scociæ Robertus…filiam…Egidia Pulcra" married "dominus comes Orcadiæ Henricus de Sancto Claro" by whom she had "comitem Orcadiæ…Willelmum ac alios plures filios et filias"[326].  m firstly (before 17 Nov 1407) HENRY Sinclair Earl of Orkney, son of HENRY Sinclair Earl of Orkney & his wife Jean Halyburton of Dirletoun (-[1 Feb] 1421).  m secondly (after 29 Apr 1422) ALEXANDER Stewart, son of MURDOCH Stewart Duke of Albany & his wife Isabel of Lennox (-beheaded Stirling 25 Mar 1425). 

 

 

 

C.      EARLS of MORTON

 

 

JOHN Douglas, son of JAMES Douglas of Laudoun & his wife --- (-before 3 Nov 1351).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 3 Nov 1351 under which his brother "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei"[327]

m (Papal dispensation 12 Oct 1344) AGNES de Graham, daughter of JOHN de Graham of Dalkeith, Abercorn and Eskdale & his wife ---. 

John & his wife had five children: 

1.         JAMES Douglas of Dalkeith and Aberdour (-1420).  "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei", naming "Willelmo de Douglas fratri eiusdem Jacobi…Johanni de Douglas fratri eorundem Jacobi et Willelmi…Henrico de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi Willelmi et Johannis…Thome de Douglas fratri predictorum Jacobi, Willelmi, Johannis et Henrici", by charter dated 3 Nov 1351[328].  David II King of Scotland granted "terram de Garmilton" to "Jacobo de Douglas filio et heredi quondam Johannis de Douglas militis" by charter dated 12 Jan 1360[329].  A charter dated 30 Jun 1367 records the death of "quondam Maria de Douglas filia et heres quondam Willelmi de Duglas de Lydelisdal militis consanguinea Jacobi de Douglas" and the inheritance of "dictus Jacobus"[330].  "Patricius de Dumbar comes" granted "terram de Dundasshill" to "Jacobo de Douglas filio et heredi quondam Johannis de Douglas militis" by undated charter[331].  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, requested burial "in monasterio…de Newbotyll juxta corpus quondam Agnetis socie mee", appointed "Jacobum filium suum primogenitum ex Agnete uxore mea" as his heir, and in default "Willielmum filium suum progenitum ex Elizabetha sponsa filia Regis…domini Henrici de Douglas avunculi sui", and bequeathed property to "Jacobe filie mee…marito ipsius Jacobe…Johanni de Douglas de Aberdouer filio meo…comiti Marchie…Willelmo fratri meo…Nicholao de Douglas fratri meo…Elizabeth sorori mee…domino Archibaldo comiti de Douglas…Egidie uxori mee…filiarum Philippi de Aberbuthnow…Katerine de Douglas ad suam maritagium"[332]m firstly (21 Nov 1372) AGNES Dunbar, daughter of PATRICK Dunbar & his wife Isabel Randolph of Moray (-before 1378, bur Newbottle Monastery).  David II King of Scotland granted revenue from "burgi…de Aberdeen…[et] de Hadyngton" to "Agneti de Dunbarr" by charter dated 21 Jan 1370[333].  The date of her marriage is shown in Burke's Peerage, although this shows Agnes as the daughter of Patrick Earl of Dunbar & his second wife Agnes Randolph of Moray[334], which is clearly impossible from a chronological point of view.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the undated charter under which Robert II King of Scotland confirmed the property of "Georgii de Dunbarr comitis Marchie consanguinei nostri" and which names "dñm Jacobum de Douglas milite dñm de Dalketh…[et] sororem nostram Agnetem de Dunbarr…uxorem"[335].  Her place of burial is confirmed by the testament of her husband "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, which requested burial "in monasterio…de Newbotyll juxta corpus quondam Agnetis socie mee"[336]m secondly (contract Oct 1378) EGIDIA Stewart, widow firstly of JAMES Lindsay of Cranson and secondly of HUGH Eglinton, daughter of WALTER Stewart High Steward of Scotland & his second wife Isabel de Graham.  The marriage contract between "Egidia de Lyndesay" and "dñm Jacobum de Douglas dñm de Dalketh" is dated Oct 1378, witnessed by "dñis Willelmo de Douglas et Herico fratribus predicti dñi Jacobi militibus Thoma de Douglas Nicholao de Douglas…"[337].  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "…Egidie uxori mee…"[338].  James & his first wife had five children: 

a)         JAMES Douglas (before 1375-before 22 May 1441).  Robert II King of Scotland confirmed "Baroniam de Prestoun" to "Jacobo de Douglas de Dalketh militi…et Jacobo de Douglas filio suo ex Agnete de Dunbarr sorore comitis Marchie", and in default of direct male heirs to "Willelmo de Douglas militi fratri ipsius Jacobi de Douglas patris…Henrico de Douglas militi fratri ipsorum Jacobi et Willelmi…Thome de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi et Willelmi ac Henrici", by charter dated 2 Jan 1375[339].  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, appointed "Jacobum filium suum primogenitum ex Agnete uxore mea" as his heir, and in default "Willielmum filium suum progenitum ex Elizabetha sponsa filia Regis…domini Henrici de Douglas avunculi sui"[340].  He succeeded his father in 1420 in the barony of Aberdour, co. Fife, and in the castle and town of Dalkeith.  He may have been created Lord Dalkeith in [1430][341]m firstly (contract, Apr 1378, before 10 Nov 1387) Lady ELIZABETH Stewart, daughter of ROBERT III King of Scotland & his wife Annabel Drummond (-before 1411).  The marriage contract between "Jacobus de Douglas filius et heres…dñi Jacobi", and if he died "Willelmus de Douglas filius predictus dñi Jacobi nunc minor", and "dñm Johannem primogenitum dñi nostri Regis comite de Carrick senescallim Scocie…filiabus…Margareta filia sua seniore aut Elizabeth filia sua minore" is dated Apr 1378[342]m secondly as her first husband, JANET Borthwick, daughter of WILLIAM Borthwick of Borthwick & his wife ---.  She married secondly George Crichton Earl of Caithness.  James & his first wife had three children: 

i)          WILLIAM Douglas of Whittinghame in East Lothian (before 30 Sep 1390-[1425]).  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, appointed "Jacobum filium suum primogenitum ex Agnete uxore mea" as his heir, and in default "Willielmum filium suum progenitum ex Elizabetha sponsa filia Regis…domini Henrici de Douglas avunculi sui"[343]m (1420, Papal dispensation 9 Dec 1421) as her second husband, MARGARET Borthwick, widow of WILLIAM Abernethy, daughter of ---.  The Papal dispensation for the marriage of "Wilhelmi de Douglas…filii…Jacobi de Douglas militis et domini loci de Dalbrech primogeniti" and "Margarithe de Borchwilr relicte qm Wilhelmi de Abirnechi", issued by Pope Martin V, is dated 9 Dec 1421[344]

ii)         JAMES Douglas (-[8 Sep 1456/14 Mar 1458])m ELIZABETH Gifford, daughter of JAMES Gifford of Sheriffhall & his wife --- (-after 8 Sep 1456).  James & his wife had one child: 

(a)       JAMES Douglas (-[22 Jun/22 Oct] 1493).  He was created Earl of Mortonm (before 15 May 1459) Lady JOAN Stewart, daughter of JAMES I King of Scotland & his wife Lady Joan Beaufort ([1428]-after 16 Oct 1486).  She was deaf and dumb, known as "the dumb lady of Dalkeith".  She lived in France from Aug 1445 to spring 1458[345].  They were ancestors of the later Earls of Morton, extinct in the male line in 1548. 

iii)        HENRY Douglas of Borg in Galloway m MARGARET Douglas, daughter of JAMES Douglas Earl of Douglas.  Descendants. 

b)         WILLIAM Douglas (before Apr 1378-).  The marriage contract between "Jacobus de Douglas filius et heres…dñi Jacobi", and if he died "Willelmus de Douglas filius predictus dñi Jacobi nunc minor", and "dñm Johannem primogenitum dñi nostri Regis comite de Carrick senescallim Scocie…filiabus…Margareta filia sua seniore aut Elizabeth filia sua minore" is dated Apr 1378[346]

c)         MARGARET Douglas (-before 30 Sep 1390).  "Archebaldus de Douglas dñs Galwidie et de Bothevile" confirmed "terras de Arbuthnot" to "Philippo de Arbuthnot et Margarete de Douglas filie Jacobi de Douglas militis dñi de Dalkeith" by charter dated 25 Oct 1372 which names "Joneta sponsam nostram"[347].  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "…filiarum Philippi de Aberbuthnow…"[348].  [m PHILIP de Arbuthnot, son of ---.] 

d)         AGNES Douglas .  The marriage contract between "dñm Jacobum de Douglas dñm de Dalketh…Agneta de Douglas filia" and "Johannem de Levyngistoue" is dated 1381[349]m (contract 1381) JOHN de Livingstone, son of ---. 

e)         JACQUELINE Douglas .  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "Jacobe filie mee…marito ipsius Jacobe…"[350]m (before 30 Sep 1390) ---. 

f)          JOHN Douglas of Aberdour (-after 30 Sep 1390).  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "…Johanni de Douglas de Aberdouer filio meo…"[351]

g)         [KATHERINE Douglas .  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "…Johanni de Douglas de Aberdouer filio meo…"[352].  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "…Katerine de Douglas ad suam maritagium"[353]

2.         WILLIAM Douglas (-after Apr 1378).  "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei", naming "Willelmo de Douglas fratri eiusdem Jacobi…Johanni de Douglas fratri eorundem Jacobi et Willelmi…Henrico de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi Willelmi et Johannis…Thome de Douglas fratri predictorum Jacobi, Willelmi, Johannis et Henrici", by charter dated 3 Nov 1351[354].  Robert II King of Scotland confirmed "Baroniam de Prestoun" to "Jacobo de Douglas de Dalketh militi…et Jacobo de Douglas filio suo ex Agnete de Dunbarr sorore comitis Marchie", and in default of direct male heirs to "Willelmo de Douglas militi fratri ipsius Jacobi de Douglas patris…Henrico de Douglas militi fratri ipsorum Jacobi et Willelmi…Thome de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi et Willelmi ac Henrici", by charter dated 2 Jan 1375[355].  The marriage contract between "Egidia de Lyndesay" and "dñm Jacobum de Douglas dñm de Dalketh" is dated Oct 1378, witnessed by "dñis Willelmo de Douglas et Herico fratribus predicti dñi Jacobi militibus Thoma de Douglas Nicholao de Douglas…"[356]

3.         JOHN Douglas (-after 3 Nov 1351).  "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei", naming "Willelmo de Douglas fratri eiusdem Jacobi…Johanni de Douglas fratri eorundem Jacobi et Willelmi…Henrico de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi Willelmi et Johannis…Thome de Douglas fratri predictorum Jacobi, Willelmi, Johannis et Henrici", by charter dated 3 Nov 1351[357]

4.         HENRY Douglas of Lochleven (-after 20 Oct 1392).  "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei", naming "Willelmo de Douglas fratri eiusdem Jacobi…Johanni de Douglas fratri eorundem Jacobi et Willelmi…Henrico de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi Willelmi et Johannis…Thome de Douglas fratri predictorum Jacobi, Willelmi, Johannis et Henrici", by charter dated 3 Nov 1351[358].  Robert II King of Scotland confirmed "Baroniam de Prestoun" to "Jacobo de Douglas de Dalketh militi…et Jacobo de Douglas filio suo ex Agnete de Dunbarr sorore comitis Marchie", and in default of direct male heirs to "Willelmo de Douglas militi fratri ipsius Jacobi de Douglas patris…Henrico de Douglas militi fratri ipsorum Jacobi et Willelmi…Thome de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi et Willelmi ac Henrici", by charter dated 2 Jan 1375[359].  The marriage contract between "Egidia de Lyndesay" and "dñm Jacobum de Douglas dñm de Dalketh" is dated Oct 1378, witnessed by "dñis Willelmo de Douglas et Herico fratribus predicti dñi Jacobi militibus Thoma de Douglas Nicholao de Douglas…"[360].  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, appoints "Jacobum filium suum primogenitum ex Agnete uxore mea" as his heir, and in default "Willielmum filium suum progenitum ex Elizabetha sponsa filia Regis…domini Henrici de Douglas avunculi sui"[361].  The testament of "Henricus de Douglas dominus de Legtoun", dated 20 Oct 1392, appointed "Willielmum filium meum genitum ex Marjoria uxore mea" as his heir[362].  He was ancestor of the later Earls of Morton, from 1588.  m MARJORY, daughter of --- (-after 20 Oct 1392).  The testament of "Henricus de Douglas dominus de Legtoun", dated 20 Oct 1392, appointed "Willielmum filium meum genitum ex Marjoria uxore mea" as his heir[363].  Henry & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Douglas .  The testament of "Henricus de Douglas dominus de Legtoun", dated 20 Oct 1392, appointed "Willielmum filium meum genitum ex Marjoria uxore mea" as his heir[364]

5.         THOMAS Douglas (-after 2 Jan 1375).  "Willelmus de Douglas dominus vallis de Lydel" granted "baronia mea de Newlandis et de Kylboughok" to "Jacobo de Douglas nepoti meo filio quondam domini Johannis de Douglas fratris mei", naming "Willelmo de Douglas fratri eiusdem Jacobi…Johanni de Douglas fratri eorundem Jacobi et Willelmi…Henrico de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi Willelmi et Johannis…Thome de Douglas fratri predictorum Jacobi, Willelmi, Johannis et Henrici", by charter dated 3 Nov 1351[365].  Robert II King of Scotland confirmed "Baroniam de Prestoun" to "Jacobo de Douglas de Dalketh militi…et Jacobo de Douglas filio suo ex Agnete de Dunbarr sorore comitis Marchie", and in default of direct male heirs to "Willelmo de Douglas militi fratri ipsius Jacobi de Douglas patris…Henrico de Douglas militi fratri ipsorum Jacobi et Willelmi…Thome de Douglas fratri eorumdem Jacobi et Willelmi ac Henrici", by charter dated 2 Jan 1375[366]

6.         WILLIAM Douglas (-after 30 Sep 1390).  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "…Willelmo fratri meo…Nicholao de Douglas fratri meo…"[367]

7.         NICHOLAS Douglas (-after 30 Sep 1390).  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "…Willelmo fratri meo…Nicholao de Douglas fratri meo…"[368]

8.         ELIZABETH Douglas (-after 30 Sep 1390).  The testament of "Jacobus de Douglas dominus de Dalkeith", dated 30 Sep 1390, bequeathed property to "…Elizabeth sorori mee…"[369]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    DUKES of ALBANY (STEWART)

 

 

ROBERT Stewart, son of ROBERT II King of Scotland & his first wife Elizabeth Mure ([1340]-3 Sep 1420).  The Liber Pluscardensis names "Johannem…postea…rex…Robertum Albaniæ ducem, ac…Alexandrum comitem Buchaniæ qui…Lupus de Badzenoch vocabatur" as the three sons of "dominus Robertus rex secundus" and his first wife "Elizabeth filia domini Adam de Mure"[370].  Earl of Menteith 1361, de iure uxoris.  Earl of Fife 30 Mar 1371 after Isabel Ctss of Fife resigned the earldom to him[371].  The Liber Pluscardensis records that "Robertus Stewart de Fife, regis secundo genitus" invaded England, dated to [1385] from the context, with "Archibaldus de Douglas de Galwidia ac…Jacobus de Douglas comes eiusdem pater, Blak Archibaldi dictus"[372].  Governor of Scotland 1388-1420.  Duke of Albany 28 Apr 1398.  The Liber Pluscardensis records that "rex Robertus tercius" created "fratrem suum Robertum comitem de Fife et de Menteth" as "ducem Albaniæ" in 1398[373].  Earl of Atholl 2 Sep 1403.  Earl of Buchan 1406. 

m firstly (Papal dispensation 9 Sep 1361) as her fourth husband, MARGARET Graham Ctss of Menteith, widow of firstly of JOHN Moray of Bothwell, divorced wife secondly of THOMAS Earl of Mar, and widow thirdly of JOHN Drummond of Concraig, daughter of JOHN Graham & his wife Mary Ctss of Menteith (-[21 Jul 1372/4 May 1380]). 

m secondly (Papal dispensation 4 May 1380) MURIELLA Keith, daughter of WILLIAM Keith & his wife Margaret Fraser (-before 1 Jun 1449). 

Robert & his first wife had eight children:

1.         MURDOCH ([1362]-beheaded 25 May 1425)Duke of Albany.  Regent of Scotland. 

-        see below

2.         ISABEL Stewartm firstly (before 1398) ALEXANDER Leslie Earl of Ross, son of WALTER Leslie & his wife Eupheme Ctss of Ross (-Dingwall 8 May 1402, bur Fearn Abbey).  m secondly (before Feb 1408) WALTER Halyburton of Dirleton, son of ---.

3.         MARGARETm ([1392]) JOHN Swinton, son of --- (-killed in battle 14 Sep 1402). 

4.         MARJORY (-before Aug 1432).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Jan 1404 under which "Robert Duke of Albany, Earl of Fyfe and Menteth, governor of Scotland" gave "the lands of Menstrie in the shire of Clackmannan…resigned by Charles Cambell" to "his…son [=son-in-law] Duncan Cambell of Lochow"[374].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 12 Mar 1440 under which her grandson "Sir Duncan le Cambel knight Lord of Lochawe" donated alms from "his lands of Ardenaslate" to the church of Dunovyng [Dunoon], for the souls of "his grandfather Celestin Cambel and Isabella Lamont [Laigmani] his lawful wife…Colin Cambel his father and Mariote filie M’Cwill Cambel matris quondam nostre…his late wife Marcellina Stewart and Margaret Stewart his present wife"[375]m (before 18 Jan 1404) as his first wife, DUNCAN Campbell of Lochow, son of COLIN Campbell of Lochow, Argyllshire & his wife Mariot Campbell (-1453, bur Kilmun).  He was created Lord Campbell in 1445.

5.         ELIZABETHm MALCOLM Fleming of Cumbernauld.

6.         JOAN Stewart m (dispensation 27 Sep 1397) ROBERT Stewart Lord of Lorn, son of JOHN Stewart Lord of Lorn & his wife Isabel de Ergidia (-before 1449).

7.         BEATRIX m as his first wife, JAMES Earl of Douglas, son of ARCHIBALD Douglas "the Grim" Earl of Douglas & his wife Joan Moray of Strathearn (-[24 Mar/28 Mar] 1443, bur Douglas).  Duc de Touraine.

8.         daughter.  m GEORGE Abernethy of Salton, son of ---.  or MARYm WILLIAM Abernethy of Saltoun, son of --- (-1420). 

Robert & his second wife had four children:

9.         JOHN ([1381]-killed in battle Verneuil 17 Aug 1424).  "Robert Duke of Albany, Earl of Fyfe and Menteth, governor of Scotland" gave "the lands of Menstrie in the shire of Clackmannan…resigned by Charles Cambell" to "his…son Duncan Cambell of Lochow" by charter dated 18 Jan 1404, witnessed by "…John Stewart Earl of Buchan son of the grantor…"[376].  Earl of Buchan.  Constable of France.  Great Chamberlain of Scotland 1406.  m (Nov 1413) as her first husband, ELIZABETH Douglas, daughter of ARCHIBALD Douglas Earl of Douglas Duc de Touraine & his wife Lady Margaret Stewart (-[1451]).  She married secondly ([1425]) Thomas Stewart Master of Mar Lord of Badenoch, and thirdly as his first wife, William Sinclair Earl of Orkney and Caithness.  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARGARET (-before 8 Jan 1461)m (before 8 Jan 1437) as his first wife, GEORGE Seton of Seton, East Lothian, son of WILLIAM Seton & his wife Janet [Dunbar] (-shortly after 15 Jul 1478).  He was created Lord Seton in [1451]. 

10.      ANDREW (-before 1413). 

11.      ROBERT (-killed in battle Verneuil 17 Aug 1424).

12.      ELIZABETHm MALCOLM Fleming of Biggar, son of --- (-1440).

 

 

MURDOCH Stewart, son of ROBERT Stewart Duke of Albany & his first wife Margaret Graham Ctss of Menteith ([1362]-beheaded 25 May 1425)Duke of Albany.  Regent of Scotland. 

m (settlement 17 Feb 1392) ISABEL of Lennox, daughter of DUNCAN Earl of Lennox & his wife Ellen Campbell (-[early May] [1458]). 

Murdoch & his wife had five children: 

1.         ROBERT (-before 1421).  Master of Fife.  Betrothed (dispensation 4 May 1414) to his first cousin once removed, EUPHEME Stewart Ctss Palatine of Strathearn, widow of PATRICK Graham, daughter of DAVID Stewart Earl Palatine of Strathearn, Earl of Caithness & his wife --- Lindsay ([1378]-1415). 

2.         WALTER (-beheaded Stirling 25 May 1425).  Master of Fife, Lennox and Menteith.  Betrothed (dispensation 5 Sep 1415) to his first cousin once removed, EUPHEME Stewart Ctss Palatine of Strathearn, widow of PATRICK Graham, daughter of DAVID Stewart Earl Palatine of Strathearn, Earl of Caithness & his wife --- Lindsay ([1378]-1415).  m firstly (unlawfully) his niece, --- Campbell, daughter of DUNCAN Campbell of Lochow (later Lord Campbell) & his first wife Margery Stewart.  m secondly JANET Erskine, daughter of ROBERT Lord Erskine.  Walter had two illegitimate children of his first unlawful marriage:

a)         ANDREW (-[1/12] Jul 1488).  He was created Lord Avandale in 1456.  James III King of Scotland granted him the lands and rents of the Earldom of Lennox for life 4 May 1471[377].  Legitimated Aug 1472.  Resigned 1486.  [m (before 21 Mar 1466) ---.]

b)         ALEXANDER .

Walter had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

c)          MURDOCH (-before 1472).

d)         ARTHUR (-before 1488).  Legitimated 1472/79.

e)         WALTER (-1488).  Feudal Baron of Morphie.  Legitimated 1472/79.  m ELIZABETH Arnot, daughter of --- Arnot Laird of Arnot & his wife ---.  Walter & his wife had four children: 

i)          ALEXANDER (-1489).  m ---.  The name of Alexander’s wife is not known.  Alexander & his wife had one child: 

(a)        ANDREW (-killed in battle Flodden 9 Sep 1513).  He was created Lord Avandale before 1500. 

-         see below

ii)         JOHN .

iii)        GEORGE .  Of Johnston.  He was ancestor of the Stuarts of Inchbreck and Laithers.

iv)        MARGARETm ALEXANDER Cunningham of Drumquharth, son of ---.

3.         ALEXANDER (-beheaded Stirling 25 May 1425)m (after 29 Apr 1422) as her second husband, JILL Douglas, widow of HENRY Sinclair Earl of Orkney, daughter of WILLIAM Douglas of Nithsdale & his wife Lady Egidia Stewart (-1438 or after). 

4.         JAMES (-before 18 May 1451).  First of Baldorran.  James had two illegitimate children by an unknown mistress: 

a)         JAMES .  Second of Baldorran.  m ANNABEL, daughter of PATRICK Buchanan of that Ilk & his wife ---.  Ancestors of the Stewarts of Balquhidder, in Burke's Landed Gentry, Stewart of Ardvorlich.

b)         MAUDm WILLIAM Edmonstone of Duntreath, son of ---.

5.         ISABELm WALTER Buchanan of that Ilk, son of ---.

Murdoch had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:  

6.          daughterm ARCHIBALD Campbell, son of --- & his [---] Marjorie Stewart.

 

 

ANDREW Stewart, son of ALEXANDER Stewart Lord Avandale & his wife --- (-killed in battle Flodden 1513).  He was created Lord Avandale before 1500. 

m (before 4 Feb 1500) MARGARET Kennedy, daughter of JOHN Lord Kennedy & his second wife Elizabeth Seton of the Earls of Huntly (-1542 before 28 May). 

Andrew & his wife had eight children: 

1.         ANDREW Stewart .  Lord Ochiltree 1534. 

-        LORDS OCHILTREE, BARONS CASTLE STUART, EARLS CASTLE STUART, EARLS of ARRAN

2.         HENRY Stewart ([1495/1500]-soon after 10 Oct 1551).  He was created Lord Methven 17 Jul 1528.  Lord Chancellor and Lord High Treasurer of Scotland.  m firstly --- “Lady Leslie”, daughter of ---.  m secondly (1528) as her third husband, MARGARET Tudor, widow firstly of JAMES IV King of Scotland and divorced wife secondly of ARCHIBALD Douglas Earl of Angus, daughter of HENRY VII King of England & his wife Elizabeth of York (Palace of Westminster 28 Nov 1489-Methven Castle, Perthshire 18 Oct 1541, bur Carthusian Monastery of St John, Perth).  m thirdly (before 5 Nov 1544) as her third husband, JANET Stewart, widow firstly of ALEXANDER Gordon Master of Sutherland, and divorced wife secondly of HUGH Kennedy of Girvanmaily, daughter of JOHN Stewart Earl of Atholl & his wife Janet Campbell of Argyll.  She married fourthly (contract 9 Apr 1557) Patrick Ruthven Lord Ruthven, and fifthly James Gray of Foulis.  Henry & his first wife had one child:

a)         JOHN (-killed in battle at Pinkie 1547).  Master of Methven. 

Henry & his second wife had one child:

b)         daughter. 

Henry & his third wife had five children (who were legitimated in 1551):

c)         JOAN (-before 1571).  m (contract 14 Oct 1551) as his first wife, COLIN Campbell, son of ARCHIBALD Campbell Earl of Argyll & his second wife Margaret Graham of the Earls of Menteith (Darnaway 10 Sep 1584).  He succeeded his half-brother in 1573 as Earl of Argyll. 

d)         DOROTHEA (-after Aug 1605).  m (Perth 17 Aug 1561) WILLIAM Ruthven Lord Ruthven, son of PATRICK Ruthven Lord Ruthven & his first wife Janet Douglas (-executed Stirling 4 May 1584).  He was created Earl of Gowrie in 1581. 

e)         MARGARET m firstly ANDREW Stewart Master of Ochiltree, son of ANDREW Stewart Lord Ochiltree & his wife Agnes Cuningham (-1578).  m secondly UCHTRED Macdowall of Garchland, son of ---.

f)          daughter .

g)         HENRY (before 1544-killed in battle siege of Edinburgh 1572).  Legitimated 1551.  Lord Methven.  m as her first husband, JEAN Ruthven, daughter of PATRICK Lord Ruthven & his first wife Janet Douglas (-Sep 1591).  She married secondly ([Oct 1573]) as his second wife, Andrew Leslie Earl of Rothes.  Henry & his wife had two children: 

i)          HENRY (-1585).  Lord Methven.  m CATHERINE Stewart, daughter of HENRY Stewart [son of JAMES Earl of Arran] & his wife --- .

ii)         DOROTHEA m JOHN Stewart of Campsie, son of ---.

3.         JAMES Stewart (-killed in battle Dunblane 1547).  Of Beath.  m as her second husband, MARGARET Lindsay, widow of RICHARD Stewart Lord Innermeath, daughter of JOHN Lord Lindsay.

-        LORDS DOUNE, EARLS of MORAY

4.         ALEXANDER .  1541.

5.         WILLIAM .  1548.  m ISABEL Kerr, daughter of ---.

6.         BARBARAm firstly (before 1535) JAMES Sinclair of Sanday, son of ---.  m secondly (1541) RUARIDH Macleod Chief of Lewis, son of ---. 

7.         AGNESm JOHN Boswell of Auchinleck, son of ---. 

8.         ANNEm BARTHOLOMEW Crawford of Carse, son of ---. 

 

 



[1] Chibnall, M. (ed. and trans.) The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis (Oxford Medieval Texts, 1969-80), Vol. IV, Book VIII, p. 277. 

[2] Delisle, L. (ed.) (1872) Chronique de Robert de Torigni, abbé de Mont-Saint-Michel (Rouen), I, 1130, p. 183, MSS B, J, F and L. 

[3] Chronicle of Holyrood, p. 151, cited in CP XI 142. 

[4] Goodall, W. (ed.) (1759) Joannis de Fordun Scotichronicon cum Supplementis et Continuatione Walteri Boweri, Vols. I, II (Edinburgh) ("Joannis de Fordun (Goodall)"), Vol. I, Lib. VIII, Cap. II, p. 448. 

[5] Duncan, A. M. M. (2002) The Kingship of the Scots (Edinburgh University Press), pp. 71-2. 

[6] Skene, W. F. (ed.) Skene, F. J. H. (trans.) (1872) John of Fordun’s Chronicle of the Scottish Nation, Historians of Scotland Vol. IV (Edinburgh) ("John of Fordun (Skene)"), Annals, I, p. 249. 

[7] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. I, Lib. VIII, Cap. II, p. 448. 

[8] CP XI 141. 

[9] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. I, Lib. VIII, Cap. II, p. 448. 

[10] Duncan (2002), pp. 71-2. 

[11] Stevenson, J. (trans.) (1991) A Medieval Chronicle of Scotland: The Chronicle of Melrose (Llanerch Press) ("Chronicle of Melrose"), 1156, p. 11. 

[12] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. I, Lib. VIII, Cap. II, p. 448. 

[13] John of Fordun (Skene), Annals, I, p. 249. 

[14] Orkneyinga Saga 109, p. 218. 

[15] John of Fordun (Skene), Annals, XXII, p. 270. 

[16] Chronicle of Melrose, 1215, pp. 40-1. 

[17] Innes, C. N. (ed.) (1837) Registrum Episcopatus Moraviensis (Edinburgh) ("Moray Bishopric"), 259, p. 333. 

[18] Balfour Paul, Sir J. (1910) The Scots Peerage (Edinburgh), Vol. VII, p. 232. 

[19] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. IX, Cap. XLIX, p. 61. 

[20] Moray Bishopric, 80, p. 89. 

[21] Moray Bishopric, 80, p. 89. 

[22] CP XI 143. 

[23] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. XI, Cap. XXIV, p. 165. 

[24] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 960, p. 246. 

[25] Stephenson, J. (ed.) (1870) Documents illustrative of the History of Scotland from the death of King Alexander the Third to the accession of Robert Bruce 1286-1306 (Edinburgh), Vol. II, CCCLXXXV, p. 92. 

[26] Stephenson (1870) Vol. II, CCCCLIX, p. 214. 

[27] Stephenson (1870) Vol. II, CCCCLXVIII, p. 227. 

[28] Andrew Wyntoun, Vol. II, Book VIII, c. VI, p. 310. 

[29] Stuart, A. (1798) Genealogical History of the Stewarts (London), p. 427. 

[30] Oliver, J. R. (ed.) (1860) Monumenta de Insula Manniæ, Vol. I (Douglas, Isle of Man), Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum, p. 170. 

[31] Stephenson (1870) Vol. II, CCCCLXVIII, p. 227. 

[32] Skene, F. J. H. (ed.) (1877) Liber Pluscardensis, Historians of Scotland Vol. VII (Edinburgh), Vol. I, Liber IX, CXXVIII, p. 270. 

[33] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. XI, Cap. XIII, p. 150. 

[34] Balfour Paul The Scots Peerage, Vol. VI, Graham, Duke of Montrose, p. 204, citing Crawfurd’s Peerage, p. 338 (not yet consulted). 

[35] Bannatyne Club (1847) Liber Insule Missarum abbacie de Inchaffery Registrum Vetus (Edinburgh) ("Inchaffray Liber Insule Missarum"), Preface Appendix, p. xlvii. 

[36] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. XI, Cap. XIII, p. 150. 

[37] Aberdeen Antiquities, Vol. IV, p. 84. 

[38] CP II 376. 

[39] CP XI 148. 

[40] CP XI 147 footnote c. 

[41] CP XI 146 footnote h. 

[42] CP XI 147 footnote c. 

[43] Turnbull, W. B. (1842) Extracta e Variis Cronicis Scocie, from the Ancient Manuscript in the Advocates Library at Edinburgh (Edinburgh) ("Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie"), p. 202. 

[44] Stuart (1798), p. 419. 

[45] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CII, p. 313. 

[46] Aberdeen Antiquities, Vol. IV, p. 83. 

[47] Aberdeen Antiquities, Vol. IV, p. 84. 

[48] Aberdeen Antiquities, Vol. IV, p. 84. 

[49] CP XI 148-9. 

[50] CP XI 151. 

[51] CP XI 151 based on his sasine in 1456. 

[52] CP XI 152. 

[53] CP XI 152. 

[54] CP VII 77. 

[55] CP XI 153 footnote d. 

[56] CP VII 77-8 footnote d. 

[57] CP VII 77-8 footnote d. 

[58] CP VII 78 footnote d. 

[59] CP VIII 339 footnote a and 340 footnote b. 

[60] Smythe, W. (1843) Liber Ecclesie de Scon, Munimenta Vetustiora Monasterii Sancte Trinitatis et Sancti Michaelis de Scon (Edinburgh) ("Scone"), 5, p. 5. 

[61] Innes, C. (ed.) (1843) Registrum Episcopatus Glasguensis (Edinburgh) ("Glasgow Bishopric"), Tome I, 40, p. 36. 

[62] Balfour Paul, Sir J. (ed.) (1904) The Scots Peerage (Edinburgh), Vol. V, Lennox, p. 328, and Vol. VI, Menteith, p. 125. 

[63] Bannatyne Club (1842) Liber Cartarum Abbatiæ Benedictine S. S. Trinitatis et B. Margarete Regine de Dunfermelyn (Edinburgh) ("Dunfermline"), 60, p. 34. 

[64] Bannatyne Club (1841) Liber Cartarum Prioratus Sancti Andree in Scotia (Edinburgh) ("St Andrew’s Priory"), p. 318. 

[65] CP VIII 659. 

[66] Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III, Vol. 5 1258-1266 (London, 1910), p. 175. 

[67] Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III, Vol. 5 1258-1266 (London, 1910), p. 175. 

[68] CP VIII 660. 

[69] Bannatyne Club (1832) Registrum Monasterii de Passelet (Edinburgh) ("Paisley Monastery"), p. 214. 

[70] Fraser, W. (ed.) (1872) Registrum Monasterii S. Marie de Cambuskenneth (Edinburgh) ("Cambuskenneth"), 133, p. 176. 

[71] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. VI, Menteith, p. 127. 

[72] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XI, p. 92. 

[73] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XIV, p. 96. 

[74] Roger, C. (ed.) (1879) Rental Book of the Cistercian Abbey of Cupar-Angus (London) ("Cupar"), Vol. I, Breviarum Antiqui Registri, 34, p. 333. 

[75] Luard, H. R. (ed.) (1874) Matthæi Parisiensis, Monachi Sancti Albani, Chronica Majora (London) (“MP”), Vol. V, 1258, p. 724. 

[76] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XI, p. 92. 

[77] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XXXIII, p. 120. 

[78] Bain, J. (1884) Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland preserved in the Public Record Office (Scottish Record Office) ("Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain)"), Vol. II, 153, p. 48. 

[79] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 466, p. 110. 

[80] CP VIII 663 footnote a and b. 

[81] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XI, p. 92. 

[82] Dennistoun, J. (ed.) (1833) Cartularium Comitatus de Levenax (Edinburgh) ("Lennox Cartularium"), p. 19. 

[83] Paisley Monastery, p. 225. 

[84] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XI, p. 92. 

[85] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XXXIII, p. 120. 

[86] CP VIII 663 footnote a and b. 

[87] Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie, p. 114. 

[88] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XI, p. 92. 

[89] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 823, p. 195. 

[90] CP VIII 663-4. 

[91] Stephenson (1870) Vol. II, CCCCXV, p. 134. 

[92] CP VIII 664-5. 

[93] Balfour Paul The Scots Peerage, Vol. VI, Graham, Duke of Montrose, p. 208, citing Fraser Red Book of Menteith, Vol. I, p. 104 (not yet consulted). 

[94] Balfour Paul The Scots Peerage, Vol. VI, Graham, Duke of Montrose, p. 208, citing The Scottish Antiquary, Vol. XVII, p. 186 (not yet consulted). 

[95] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. XI, Cap. XIII, p. 150. 

[96] Stephenson (1870) Vol. II, CCCCXV, p. 134. 

[97] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. XIII, Cap. XXIII, p. 305. 

[98] Aberdeen Antiquities, Vol. IV, p. 197. 

[99] Aberdeen Antiquities, Vol. IV, p. 197. 

[100] Aberdeen Antiquities, Vol. IV, p. 197. 

[101] CP XII/1 385. 

[102] CP I 310. 

[103] CP XII/1 387-9. 

[104] CP XII/1 541-4. 

[105] Bannatyne Club (1837) Liber Sancte Marie de Melros: Munimenta Vetustiora Monasterii Cisterciensis de Melros (Edinburgh) ("Melrose Liber"), Tome I, 29, p. 20. 

[106] Chronicle of Melrose, 1193, p. 28. 

[107] Bannatyne Club (1847) Prioratus Cisterciensis B. Marie de Northberwic munimenta vetusta (Edinburgh) ("North Berwick St Mary"), 13, p. 13. 

[108] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 32, p. 25. 

[109] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 189, p. 170. 

[110] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 192, p. 172. 

[111] North Berwick St Mary, 13, p. 13. 

[112] North Berwick St Mary, 13, p. 13. 

[113] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 189, p. 170. 

[114] North Berwick St Mary, 15, p. 14. 

[115] Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie, p. 110. 

[116] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Gysburn Priory, Yorkshire, IV, Nomina Antecessorum de Carleton de Familia de Brus, p. 268. 

[117] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber VII, CXXVIII, pp. 104-5. 

[118] Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie, p. 110. 

[119] Chronicle of Melrose, 1270, p. 122. 

[120] North Berwick St Mary, 21, p. 22. 

[121] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber VII, CXXVIII, p. 104. 

[122] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XXIX, p. 114. 

[123] CP III 55. 

[124] Johannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. X, Cap. XXIX, p. 114. 

[125] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber VII, CXXVIII, pp. 104-5. 

[126] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 187, p. 151. 

[127] CP VII 595. 

[128] Le Prévost, A. (1840) Orderici Vitalis Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ (Paris) ("Orderic Vitalis (Prévost)"), Vol. II, Liber IV, p. 185. 

[129] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber IV, pp. 188 and 192. 

[130] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 9, p. 12. 

[131] Dunfermline, 37, p. 22. 

[132] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 197. 

[133] Skene, W. F. (1880) Celtic Scotland, Vol. III, p. 117. 

[134] Skene (1880), Vol. III, p. 117. 

[135] Skene (1880), Vol. III, p. 117. 

[136] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 101, p. 86. 

[137] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 29, p. 20. 

[138] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 101, p. 86. 

[139] Paisley Monastery, p. 157. 

[140] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 101, p. 86. 

[141] Paisley Monastery, p. 157. 

[142] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. V, Lennox, p. 328, and Vol. VI, Menteith, p. 125. 

[143] Paisley Monastery, p. 157. 

[144] Bambury, P. and Beechinor, S. (eds.) (2000) The Annals of Ulster (Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition “CELT”, University College, Cork), available at <http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100001A/index.html> (22 Feb 2006), 1216.4, p. 261, and Skene, W. F. (ed.) (1867) Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots, and other early memorials of Scottish history (Edinburgh) ("Skene (1867)"), From the Annals of Ulster, p. 374. 

[145] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. V, Lennox, p. 328, citing Fraser, Lennox Book, Vol. II, p. 402 (not yet consulted). 

[146] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. V, Lennox, p. 328, citing Fraser, Lennox Book, Vol. II, p. 402 (not yet consulted). 

[147] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 101, p. 86. 

[148] Paisley Monastery, p. 162. 

[149] Paisley Monastery, p. 217. 

[150] Paisley Monastery, p. 180. 

[151] Paisley Monastery, p. 191. 

[152] Lennox Cartularium, Introduction, p. x.  

[153] Paisley Monastery, p. 157. 

[154] Paisley Monastery, p. 158. 

[155] Paisley Monastery, p. 217. 

[156] Lennox Cartularium, p. 25. 

[157] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. V, Lennox, p. 328, citing Fraser, Lennox Book, Vol. II, p. 402 (not yet consulted). 

[158] Paisley Monastery, p. 158. 

[159] Paisley Monastery, p. 162. 

[160] Paisley Monastery, p. 171. 

[161] Paisley Monastery, p. 209. 

[162] Lennox Cartularium, p. 19. 

[163] Lennox Cartularium, p. 30. 

[164] Paisley Monastery, p. 217. 

[165] Lennox Cartularium, p. 25. 

[166] Lennox Cartularium, p. 91. 

[167] Lennox Cartularium, p. 91. 

[168] Lennox Cartularium, p. 38. 

[169] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. V, Lennox, p. 328, citing Fraser, Lennox Book, Vol. II, p. 402 (not yet consulted). 

[170] Paisley Monastery, p. 158. 

[171] Paisley Monastery, p. 171. 

[172] Lennox Cartularium, p. 19. 

[173] Lennox Cartularium, p. 25. 

[174] Lennox Cartularium, p. 30. 

[175] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 262. 

[176] Paisley Monastery, p. 171. 

[177] Paisley Monastery, p. 217. 

[178] Lennox Cartularium, p. 30. 

[179] Lennox Cartularium, Introduction, p. xi.  

[180] Lennox Cartularium, p. 19. 

[181] Lennox Cartularium, p. 30. 

[182] Lennox Cartularium, p. 96. 

[183] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. V, Lennox, p. 330, citing Fraser, Lennox Book, Vol. II, pp. 401-2 (not yet consulted). 

[184] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. V, Lennox, p. 330, citing Fraser, Lennox Book, Vol. II, pp. 401-2 (not yet consulted). 

[185] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 101, p. 86. 

[186] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 102, p. 87. 

[187] Paisley Monastery, p. 157. 

[188] Lennox Cartularium, p. 19. 

[189] Paisley Monastery, p. 158. 

[190] Paisley Monastery, p. 162. 

[191] Paisley Monastery, p. 171. 

[192] Paisley Monastery, p. 217. 

[193] Paisley Monastery, p. 158. 

[194] Lennox Cartularium, p. 25. 

[195] Paisley Monastery, p. 19. 

[196] Lennox Cartularium, p. 23. 

[197] Lennox Cartularium, p. 46. 

[198] Lennox Cartularium, p. 49. 

[199] Fraser, Sir. W. (1874) The Lennox, Vol. I, p. 240 (not yet consulted), cited in CP VII 591. 

[200] Lennox Cartularium, p. 51. 

[201] Lennox Cartularium, p. 92. 

[202] Lennox Cartularium, p. 6. 

[203] Lennox Cartularium, p. 66. 

[204] Lennox Cartularium, p. 44. 

[205] Lennox Cartularium, Introduction, p. x.  

[206] Lennox Cartularium, p. 6. 

[207] Lennox Cartularium, p. 66. 

[208] Lennox Cartularium, p. 92. 

[209] Lennox Cartularium, p. 58. 

[210] Lennox Cartularium, p. 92. 

[211] Lennox Cartularium, p. 6. 

[212] Lennox Cartularium, p. 77. 

[213] CP VII 593. 

[214] CP VII 593. 

[215] CP VII 595. 

[216] CP VII 594 footnote a. 

[217] Lennox Cartularium, p. 77. 

[218] CP VII 592 footnote f. 

[219] Lennox Cartularium, p. 77. 

[220] Lennox Cartularium, p. 77. 

[221] CP VII 595. 

[222] Moray Bishopric, 19, p. 14. 

[223] Moray Bishopric, Preface, I, after p. xlviii. 

[224] Moray Bishopric, Preface, III, after p. xlviii. 

[225] Moray Bishopric, 3, p. 4. 

[226] Moray Bishopric, 11, p. 9. 

[227] Moray Bishopric, 12, p. 9. 

[228] Moray Bishopric, 19, p. 14. 

[229] Moray Bishopric, Preface, I, after p. xlviii. 

[230] Moray Bishopric, Preface, I, after p. xlviii. 

[231] Moray Bishopric, 53, p. 61. 

[232] Moray Bishopric, 23, p. 17. 

[233] Innes, C. (ed.) (1846) Registrum cartarum abbacie Tironensis de Kelso 1113-1167 (Edinburgh) ("Kelso"), Tome II, 454, p. 346. 

[234] Lennox Cartularium, p. 30. 

[235] Moray Bishopric, 53, p. 61. 

[236] Thomson, T. (ed.) (1853) Registrum Honoris de Morton (Edinburgh) ("Morton Registrum"), Vol. I, Preface, Appendix, p. xxxiii. 

[237] Moray Bishopric, 23, p. 17. 

[238] Paisley Monastery, p. 209. 

[239] Moray Bishopric, 74, p. 80. 

[240] Morton Registrum, Vol. I, Preface, p. xiv. 

[241] Dunfermline, 170, p. 97. 

[242] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 30, p. 8. 

[243] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. III, Douglas, p. 138, citing Fraser, Douglas Book, Vol. III, pp. 2-3 (not yet consulted). 

[244] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 1420, p. 372.  

[245] Dunfermline, 170, p. 97. 

[246] Morton Registrum, Vol. I, Preface, p. xiv. 

[247] Moray Bishopric, 23, p. 17. 

[248] Kelso, Tome I, 210, p. 174. 

[249] Moray Bishopric, Preface, I, after p. xlviii. 

[250] Moray Bishopric, Preface, III, after p. xlviii. 

[251] Moray Bishopric, 23, p. 17. 

[252] Moray Bishopric, 53, p. 61. 

[253] Moray Bishopric, Preface, I, after p. xlviii. 

[254] Moray Bishopric, Preface, III, after p. xlviii. 

[255] Moray Bishopric, 23, p. 17. 

[256] Kelso, Tome I, 210, p. 174. 

[257] Moray Bishopric, 23, p. 17. 

[258] Moray Bishopric, 53, p. 61. 

[259] Kelso, Tome I, 210, p. 174. 

[260] Moray Bishopric, 23, p. 17. 

[261] Moray Bishopric, 53, p. 61. 

[262] Dunfermline, 170, p. 97. 

[263] Morton Registrum, Vol. I, Preface, p. xiv. 

[264] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 13, p. 10. 

[265] Morton Registrum, Vol. I, Preface, p. xv. 

[266] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 14, p. 11. 

[267] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 20, p. 14. 

[268] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 16, p. 12. 

[269] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 15, p. 11. 

[270] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 30, p. 22. 

[271] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[272] Scone, 150, p. 109. 

[273] John of Fordun (Skene), Annals, CLXX, p. 360. 

[274] Rymer, T. (1740) Fœdera, Conventiones, Literæ 3rd Edn (London), Tome III, Pars I, p. 87. 

[275] Rymer (1740), Tome III, Pars I, p. 109. 

[276] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 83, p. 64. 

[277] Rymer (1740), Tome III, Pars I, p. 87. 

[278] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[279] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[280] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[281] Stephenson (1870), Vol. I, CI, p. 154. 

[282] Stephenson (1870), Vol. I, CXXIX, p. 215. 

[283] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. III, Douglas, p. 140. 

[284] Spalding Club (1856) The Brus writ be Master Johne Barbour (Aberdeen), p. 261. 

[285] Stephenson (1870), Vol. I, LVI, p. 83. 

[286] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 14, p. 11. 

[287] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 16, p. 12. 

[288] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 21, p. 15. 

[289] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 22, p. 16. 

[290] Scone, 129, p. 95. 

[291] John of Fordun (Skene), Annals, CXLIV, p. 345. 

[292] Luce, S. (ed.) (1869) Chroniques de J. Froissart (Paris) ("Froissart"), Tome I, Livre 1, 51, alternative text, p. 324. 

[293] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. III, Douglas, p. 146, citing Surtees Society (1841) The Priory of Coldingham: the correspondence, inventories, 21, 22 (not yet consulted). 

[294] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. III, Douglas, p. 147. 

[295] Froissart, Tome I, Livre 1, 51, alternative text, p. 324. 

[296] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. III, Douglas, pp. 140 and 144. 

[297] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 114, p. 89. 

[298] Balfour Paul Scots Peerage, Vol. III, Douglas, pp. 140 and 144. 

[299] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber IX, CXXVIII, p. 270. 

[300] McCall, H. B. (1894) History and Antiquities of Mid Calder (Edinburgh), citing a charter “in Lord Torpichen’s charter chest”.  [information provided by Elizabeth Nathan in a private email to the author dated 15 Jan 2012]

[301] Andrew Wyntoun, Vol. II, Book VIII, c. XLI, p. 480. 

[302] McCall (1894), citing a charter “in Lord Torpichen’s charter chest”.  [information provided by Elizabeth Nathan in a private email to the author dated 15 Jan 2012]

[303] Andrew Wyntoun, Vol. II, Book VIII, c. XLI, p. 480. 

[304] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CI, p. 311. 

[305] Aberdeen Antiquities, Vol. IV, p. 162. 

[306] Laing, H. (1850) Descriptive catalogue of the impressions from ancient Scottish seals (Edinburgh), 241, p. 45. 

[307] CP VIII 410-1. 

[308] CP VIII 413 footnote c. 

[309] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber IX, CXXXIII, p. 279. 

[310] Froissart, Tome I, Livre 1, 51, alternative text, p. 324. 

[311] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[312] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber IX, CXLIII, p. 299. 

[313] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 124, p. 97. 

[314] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CXVI, p. 340. 

[315] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 124, p. 97. 

[316] Vallet de Viriville, A. (1859) Chronique de la Pucelle ou Chronique de Cousinot (Paris), Fragments de la Geste des Nobles François, Chap. 211, p. 196. 

[317] CP IV 434. 

[318] Vallet de Viriville (1859), Fragments de la Geste des Nobles François, Chap. 213, p. 198. 

[319] Stuart (1798), p. 455. 

[320] Vallet de Viriville (1859), Fragments de la Geste des Nobles François, Chap. 213, p. 198. 

[321] Vallet de Viriville (1859), Fragments de la Geste des Nobles François, Chap. 213, p. 198. 

[322] CP IX 177. 

[323] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CXV, p. 339. 

[324] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CVIII, p. 325. 

[325] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CVIII, p. 324. 

[326] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CVIII, p. 325. 

[327] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[328] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[329] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 73, p. 57. 

[330] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 83, p. 64. 

[331] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 42, p. 32. 

[332] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[333] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 108, p. 84. 

[334] Burke's Peerage, Vol. II, p. 2001, and Vol. I, p. 895. 

[335] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 127, p. 99. 

[336] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[337] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 166, p. 139. 

[338] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[339] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 140, p. 111. 

[340] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[341] CP IV 39. 

[342] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 162, p. 136. 

[343] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[344] Stuart (1798), p. 454. 

[345] CP IX 286-7. 

[346] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 162, p. 136. 

[347] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 124, p. 97. 

[348] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[349] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 172, p. 145. 

[350] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[351] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[352] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[353] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[354] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[355] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 140, p. 111. 

[356] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 166, p. 139. 

[357] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[358] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[359] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 140, p. 111. 

[360] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 166, p. 139. 

[361] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[362] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 194, p. 176. 

[363] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 194, p. 176. 

[364] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 194, p. 176. 

[365] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 70, p. 53. 

[366] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 140, p. 111. 

[367] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[368] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[369] Morton Registrum, Vol. II, 193, p. 170. 

[370] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CX, p. 329. 

[371] CP V 375. 

[372] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CVIII, p. 324. 

[373] Liber Pluscardensis, Vol. I, Liber X, CXI, p. 331. 

[374] Fourth Report of the Royal Historical Manuscripts Commission, p. 483. 

[375] Balfour Paul, Vol. I, Campbell, Dukes of Argyll, p. 330, quoting Original Charter, No. 304, Gen. Reg. House. 

[376] Fourth Report of the Royal Historical Manuscripts Commission, p. 483. 

[377] CP VII 594 footnote c.