SWEDen, nobility

  v3.0 Updated 30 May 2014

 

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INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.            FOLKINGAÄTTEN. 1

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The following represents an outline of one family of Swedish nobility, ancestors of later Swedish kings, taken from published secondary sources and unverified by primary sources except as shown below. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    FOLKINGAÄTTEN

 

 

FOLKE "den digre/the Fat", son of ---.  Brenner suggests[1] that he was the same person as FOULQUES de Beaumont Vicomte de Montevrault, son of RAOUL de Beaumont & his wife Agathe de Vendôme.  He is named "Fulko grossus, son of Ingewaldus, son of Fulko Fölbythe the pagan" in a 14th century genealogy compiled at Varnem Abbey[2].  Jarl in Sweden. 

m INGEGERD of Denmark, daughter of KNUD II "den Hellige" King of Denmark & his wife Adèle de Flandre.  Twin with her sister Cæcilie, they were left in Denmark when their mother fled to Flanders after their father's murder according to Saxo Grammaticus who also names her husband[3]

Folke & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [ARNOLD [Arnulf] (-murdered [Gradehede 23 Oct] 1157).  Galbert of Bruges records that "Arnoldus nepos Karoli comitis" claimed the county of Flanders in early 1128[4].  "Arnoldum nepotem Caroli defuncti ex sorore eius primogenita" is named in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin, which specifies that he unsuccessfully claimed to succeed to the county of Flanders in 1127/28[5].  If the mother of Arnold was "soror primogenita" of Charles Count of Flanders, she would have been his sister Caecilie.  Saxo Grammaticus names Caecilie's sons Knud and Karl, and Ingegerd's sons Knud and Bengt, without mentioning Arnold at all[6].  It is not impossible that Arnold was an impostor, unrelated to Count Charles, who appeared after the count's murder, his Danish credentials presumably being difficult to disprove in Flanders at the time.  At Ulfsborg near Ribe.]  m as her first husband, INGERD Pedersdatter, daughter of PEDER Thorstensen from Pedersborg & his wife Cecilie Skjalmsdatter [Hvide].  She married secondly Vagn [Vogn]. 

2.         KNUT FolkasonSaxo Grammaticus names Ingegerd's sons Knud and Bengt[7].  Jarl in Sweden. 

3.         BENGT Folkason "Snivel" (-bur [Varnhem Abbey])Saxo Grammaticus names Ingegerd's sons Knud and Bengt[8].  Jarl in Sweden. 

-        see below

 

 

BENGT Folkason "Snivel", son of FOLKE "den digre/the Fat" Jarl in Sweden & his wife Ingegerd of Denmark (-bur [Varnhem Abbey])Saxo Grammaticus names Ingegerd's sons Knud and Bengt[9].  Jarl in Sweden. 

m ---.  The name of Bengt´s wife is not known. 

Bengt & his wife had three children: 

1.         BIRGER "Brosa" (-9 Jan 1202).  He is named as the son of Bengt in the 14th century Varnem Abbey genealogy[10].  Jarl in Sweden 1174.  “Byrgerus dux magnus et Karolus fratres eius” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/85] under which “Kanutus…Rex Sweorum atque Gotthorum” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[11].  “…B. dux…M. frater ducis B et filius eius Eskillus…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “Kanutus…Sweorum rex” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[12].  “Byrgo Sweorum et Guttorum dux…Philippus frater meus, Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “K…Sweorum rex filius Herjcjs itjdem regis” donated property to Nydala kloster[13].  The Saga of King Sverre records the death of "Earl Birgi Brosa" in the same year as Sverre King of Norway[14].  The Icelandic Annals record the death in 1202 of "Birgerus comes in Suecia"[15]m (after 1161) as her third husband, BRIGIDA of Norway, widow firstly of KARL Sunasson Jarl in Västergötland, and secondly of MAGNUS Henriksson, King in Östergötland, daughter of HARALD "Gille" King of Norway & his [first/second] wife --- (-[Riseberga Abbey] 22 Oct ----).  Snorre records that "King Harald Gille's daughter Brigida" was first married to "the Swedish king Inge Halsteinson, and afterwards to Earl Karl Sonason, and then to the Swedish king Magnus", noting that she and King Inge Haraldson were cousins by the mother's side, and "at last [she] married Earl Birger Brose"[16].  It is not chronologically possible for Brigida to have married Inge Halsteinson King of Sweden, who died in 1118.  She must have been an infant at the time of her marriage to Karl Sunasson.  The Saga of King Sverre records that "Earl Birgi Brossa" had married "Brigit", the sister of King Sverre's father[17].  Birger & his wife had seven children: 

a)         FILIP Birgersson (-killed in battle [Akerhus] 4 Jan 1200).  Snorre names (in order) "Earl Philip, Earl Knut, Folke and Magnus" as the four sons of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[18].  Jarl in Sweden.  The Saga of King Sverre names "Philippus son of Earl Birgi" at a meeting of the Birkibeins at Borg[19].  The Saga of King Sverre records that "Earl Philippus" was killed by the Bagels at Oslo[20].  Filip & his wife had one child: 

i)          [KATARINA] Filipsdotterm LARS ---, from Tundaland.

b)         KNUT Birgersson (-killed in battle Lena 31 Jan 1208).  Snorre names (in order) "Earl Philip, Earl Knut, Folke and Magnus" as the four sons of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[21].  Jarl in Sweden.  m ---.  The name of Knut´s wife is not known.  Knut & his wife had two children: 

i)          CECILIA Knutsdotter (-bur Vårfruberga Abbey)m FILIP Birgersson [Aspenäsätten] (-before 1279, bur Vårfruberga Abbey).

ii)         MAGNUS Knutsson "Broka" .  1230.  m as her second husband, [KATARINA] Eriksdatter of Sweden, widow of PETER [Larsson], daughter of ERIK Knutsson King of Sweden & his first wife ---.  Magnus & his wife had one child: 

(a)       KNUT Magnusson (-murdered [Herrevadsbro] 1251). 

c)         INGEGÄRD Birgersdotter (-after 1210).  Snorre names (in order) "Ingegerd…married to the Swedish king Sorkver [and] a second daughter…Kristin and a third Margaret" as the daughters of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[22]m as his second wife, SVERKER II Karlson "den yngre" King of Sweden, son of KARL I King of Sweden & his wife Christine Stigsdatter [Hvide] (-killed in battle Gestilren 17 Jul 1210, bur Alvastra Abbey). 

d)         FOLKE Birgersson (-killed in battle Gestilren 17 Jul 1210).  Snorre names (in order) "Earl Philip, Earl Knut, Folke and Magnus" as the four sons of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[23].  Jarl in Sweden.  m ---.  The name of Folke´s wife is not known.  Folke & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          SUNE Folkason (-1247).  Jarl in Sweden.  m HELENA Sverkersdatter of Sweden, daughter of SVERKER II Karlsson "den yngre" King of Sweden & his first wife Bengte Ebbesdatter [Galen].  A charter dated 1237 refers to the marriage of “S. Fulconis ducis filius” and “E. Suerchonis Regis filia” after her abduction from Vreta convent[24]m ---.  The name of Sune´s wife is not known.  Sune & his wife had [three] children: 

(a)       KATARINA Sunadotter (-Gudhem Convent 1252).  “Katerina…Regina Swechorum” donated property to Gudhems Kloster by charter dated 11 Jun 1250 which names “dominus Suno…pater noster[25].  Abbess at Gudhem Convent from 1250[26]m (Fyrisäng near Uppsala [1243/44]) ERIK Eriksson "Läspe" King of Sweden, son of ERIK Knutsson King of Sweden & his second wife Richiza of Denmark (posthumously 1216-12 Feb 1250).

(b)       BENGTA Sunadotter (-[1261]).  “Waldemarus…rex Swechie” confirmed the donation of property to Gudhems Kloster by “reginam dominam Katerinam” by charter dated 17 Jan 1251 which names “domine Benedicte sororis eius[27]m ([1250]) SWANTEPOLK Knutsson, son of --- (-1310). 

(c)       [--- Sunadotter .  She was abducted from Vreta Convent.  m ([1244/45]) LARS Petersson, Lagman in Östergötland, son of PETER [Larsson] & his wife [Katarina] Eriksdotter of Sweden.  1247.] 

ii)         HOLMGER Folkason (-after 1264)m CHRISTINA Fastadotter, from Landasjö. 

iii)        [BENGTA] Folkadotter m JOHAN Ängel, son of ---.

iv)       --- Folkadotter m RÖRIK ---. 

v)        [--- Folkadotter m ULF Karlsson "Fase" [Folkunge] Jarl in Sweden (-[1247/48]). 

e)         MAGNUS Birgersson .  Snorre names (in order) "Earl Philip, Earl Knut, Folke and Magnus" as the four sons of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[28]

f)          KRISTINA .  Snorre names (in order) "Ingegerd…married to the Swedish king Sorkver [and] a second daughter…Kristin and a third Margaret" as the daughters of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[29]

g)         MARGARETA .  Snorre names (in order) "Ingegerd…married to the Swedish king Sorkver [and] a second daughter…Kristin and a third Margaret" as the daughters of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[30]

2.         MAGNUS "Minnesköld" (-killed in battle near Lena 31 Jan 1208).  At Bjälbo.  “…B. dux…M. frater ducis B et filius eius Eskillus…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “Kanutus…Sweorum rex” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[31].  “Byrgo Sweorum et Guttorum dux…Philippus frater meus, Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “K…Sweorum rex filius Herjcjs itjdem regis” donated property to Nydala kloster[32]m firstly ---.  The name of Magnus´s first wife is not known.  m secondly INGRID [Ylva] ---.  Magnus & his first wife had four children:

a)         ESKIL Magnusson (-[1227]).  “…B. dux…M. frater ducis B et filius eius Eskillus…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “Kanutus…Sweorum rex” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[33].  Lagmand in Västergötland 1219/20.  m (1217) as her second husband, KIRSTIN Nilsdotter, widow of HAAKON "Gallin" Jarl in Norway, daughter of NILS Blaka & his wife Katharina Eriksdotter of Sweden (-1254).

b)         [34]daughter m SIGTRYGG Bengtson [Boberg] (-after 1219). 

c)         KARL Magnusson (-killed in battle Rotala, Estonia 8 Aug 1220).  Bishop of Linköping.  Chancellor of Sweden. 

d)         ELOF Magnusson (-bur Alvästra Abbey).  1253/68.  m --- (-bur Alvästra Abbey). 

Magnus & his second wife had two children:

e)         BENGT Magnusson (-4 Jan 1237).  Bishop of Linköping 1220.  m ---.  The name of Bengt´s wife is not known.  Bengt & his wife had one child: 

i)          MAGNUS Bengtsson (-1263).  Lagmand in Östergötland.  m RAGNHILD, daughter of --- (-1262).

f)          BIRGER Magnusson ([1200]-20/21 Oct 1266, bur Varnhem Abbey).  The Icelandic Annals record that "dominus Birgerus Magni filius" was made "comes in Svecia" in 1248[35].  Jarl at Bjälbo.  Regent of Sweden.  Founder of Stockholm.  

-        KINGS of SWEDEN

3.         KARL .  “Byrgerus dux magnus et Karolus fratres eius” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/85] under which “Kanutus…Rex Sweorum atque Gotthorum” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[36].  “Byrgo Sweorum et Guttorum dux…Philippus frater meus, Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “K…Sweorum rex filius Herjcjs itjdem regis” donated property to Nydala kloster[37]

 

 



[1] Brenner, S. O. (1978 reprint) Nachkommen Gorms des Alten I-XVI Generation (Dansk Historisk Haandbogsforlag), p. 6. 

[2] Christiansen, E. (1980) Saxo Grammaticus, Danorum Regum Heroumque Historia, Books X-XVI (B. A. R. International Series 84) ("Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen)", p. 256 footnote 79. 

[3] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[4] Pirenne, H. (1891) Histoire du meurtre de Charles le Bon Comte de Flandre par Galbert de Bruges (Paris) ("Galbert de Bruges"), 97, p. 142. 

[5] Guérard, M. (ed.) (1840) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Bertin (Paris) II.11, p. 298. 

[6] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[7] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[8] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[9] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[10] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), p. 256 footnote 79. 

[11] Liljegren, J. G. (ed.) (1829) Diplomatarium Suecanum, Svensk Diplomatarium, Tome I 817-1285 (Stockholm) 65, p. 92. 

[12] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 67, p. 93. 

[13] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 70, p. 95. 

[14] Stephton, J. (trans.) (1898) The Saga of King Sverri of Norway (“Sverissaga”) (London), 127, consulted at <http://www.northvegr.org/lore/Sverri/ (9 Feb 2007) 182. 

[15] Íslenzkir Annálar sive Annales Islandici (Copenhagen, 1847) ("Annales Islandici"), 1202, p. 83. 

[16] Laing, S. (trans.) (1907) Snorri Sturluson, Heimskringla: A History of the Norse Kings Snorre (Norroena Society, London), available at Online Medieval and Classical Library Release 15b, <http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/OMACL/Heimskringla/> (24 Jan 2003), Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[17] Sverrissaga 6. 

[18] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[19] Sverissaga 119. 

[20] Sverissaga 160. 

[21] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[22] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[23] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[24] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 295, p. 287. 

[25] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 377, p. 345. 

[26] Brenner (1978), p. 27. 

[27] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 387, p. 352. 

[28] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[29] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[30] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[31] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 67, p. 93. 

[32] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 70, p. 95. 

[33] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 67, p. 93. 

[34] She is not mentioned in Brenner (1978), p. 14. 

[35] Annales Islandici, 1248, p. 121. 

[36] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 65, p. 92. 

[37] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 70, p. 95.