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TRIER archbishopric

  v4.0 Updated 03 November 2018

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                ARCHBISHOPS of TRIER 791-1418. 2

Chapter 2.                BISHOPS of METZ. 14

Chapter 3.                BISHOPS of TOUL. 18

Chapter 4.                BISHOPS of VERDUN. 25

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

A review of the families of the princes, dukes and counts who ruled Germany in medieval times would be incomplete without documents devoted to the major archbishoprics.  The bishopric of Trier, centred on the town of Trier north-east of Luxembourg, was elevated to archiepiscopal status during the reign of Charles I King of the Franks in the late 8th century, with jurisdiction over the bishoprics of Metz, Toul and Verdun.  Under the terms of the 843 Treaty of Verdun, settling the disputes between the sons of Emperor Lous I "le Pieux", Trier and its archbishopric fell within the kingdom of Lotharingia.  Along with the archbishops of Köln and Mainz, the archbishops of Trier played an important role in the election of successive kings of Germany.  In particular, the archbishop of Trier was decisive role in electing King Konrad III in 1138[1].  By the mid-12th century, the archbishops of Köln, Mainz and Trier had firmly established themselves as the spiritual representatives in the electoral process.  Electoral procedures, the unity of the seven electors including the three archbishops, and the right of election by the majority, were laid down definitively in the Golden Bull of 1356, which is described in some detail by Leuschner[2]

 

By the judicious acquisition of land, through purchase, donation and inheritance, the three archbishoprics of Köln, Mainz and Trier consolidated a dominant temporal, in addition to ecclesiastical, position of power within their jurisdictions.  Trier held extensive territory along both sides of the river Rhine, stretching from Bonn and Coblenz in the north to Trier and Veldenz in the south, lying north-west of the counties of Sponheim and Zweibrücken.  In addition, it held numerous isolated territories scattered throughout the lower and middle Rhine basins as well as the Rheinland Pfalzgrafschaft.  The archbishops of Trier were elected mainly from prominent noble families in Lotharingia and the middle Rhine area, although as will be seen below the precise family connections of many of the archbishops cannot be traced with certainty.  The suspicion is that the reigning archbishops groomed their successors from among members of their own family, related either through the female or the male line.  If sufficient information on family relationships was available in primary source documentation, it is expected that it would reveal extensive informal "dynasties" of ecclesiasts spread across a limited number of noble families.  In the case of the archbishopric of Köln, such family connections with families in the lower Rhine basin, especially the comital families of Altena, Berg, Heinsberg, Hochstaden, Jülich, and Mark, can be demonstrated clearly.  In the case of the archbishopric of Trier, the available information is less extensive so the family connections do not emerge clearly from the source material.  It is probable that a similar pattern would emerge in relation to the more important lower level ecclesiastical appointments within each archbishopric. 

 

The present document shows the archbishops of Trier between 791 and 1418, and the bishops of Metz, Toul and Verdun.  The listings are not strictly chronological in the case of the incumbents which can be linked by family group. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    ARCHBISHOPS of TRIER 791-1418

 

 

1.         RICHBOD, son of --- (-804).  The primary source which confirms Richbod’s family origin has not been identified.  Rösch states that Hiltrud, daughter of Emperor Charles I, was the mistress (between [799/804]) of Richwin Count of Padua, brother of Richbod Bishop of Trier, who was at the court of Emperor Charlemagne between 792 and 814, and was the mother of an illegitimate son by him[3].  He cites no primary source on which this is based and no other reference has been found in the sources so far consulted.  It is possibly based on onomastic speculation as Hiltrud’s illegitimate son was called Richbod (see the document FRANKS, CAROLINGIAN KINGS).  The early counts of Padua/Padova have not been studied in Medieval Lands (NORTHERN ITALY (1) for later conti di Padova), but Einhard names "Rihwinus comes" as one of the 15 witnesses of the testament of Emperor Charlemagne dated 811[4].  It is possible that this was the same person (see FRANKS, CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY).  The name “Richwin” is found twice in mid-9th century Carolingian nobility (FRANKS, CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY) and in the late 10th century among the early ancestors of the Grafen von Ahr (LOWER RHINE NOBILITY) and in the Comtes de Charpeigne (UPPER LOTHARINGIA NOBILITY), which suggests that the family may have originated in the Rhine basin.  Abbot of Milan.  Archbishop of TrierGallia Christiana records the election in 791 of “Mediolacensis abbas Richbodus vel Richboldus”, noting a letter from Alcuin addressed to “pontificem Rigbodum Trevericæ civitatis, cognomento Macarium” and another in which Richbod is named “filium, fratrem et amicum[5].  The Gesta Treverorum lists (in order) "Richbodus…Wazzo…Hamularius Fortunatus cardinalis Romanus…Hetti abbas Mediolacensis" as heads of the church at Trier, dated to the late 8th and first half 9th century[6]Gallia Christiana records his death in 804[7]

 

 

2.         WASO (-809).  No information has been found which indicates the family origin of Waso.  The name has not been found in families studied in Medieval Lands.  Considering that Waso succeeded Richbod at Milan, it is not impossible that the two were related considering the possible inheritance of ecclesiastical positions noted in the Introduction above.  Abbot of Milan.  Archbishop of Trier: Gallia Christiana records the election in 804 of Richbod’s successor as abbot of Milan “Vaso vel Viso”, without citing the source which confirms this information[8].  The Gesta Treverorum lists (in order) "Richbodus…Wazzo…Hamularius Fortunatus cardinalis Romanus…Hetti abbas Mediolacensis" as heads of the church at Trier, dated to the late 8th and first half 9th century[9]Gallia Christiana records his death in 809[10]

 

 

3.         AMALHAR (-814, bur Trier St. Paul).  No information has been found regarding the family origin of Amalhar, but his connection with Milan may indicate a family as well as an ecclesiastical relationship with one of his predecessors.  Monk at Milan.  Archbishop of Trier: Gallia Christiana records the election in 809 of “Mediolacensis monachus Amalharius” as archbishop, citing “præcepto Ludovici Pii exarato an. 834[11].  The Gesta Treverorum lists (in order) "Richbodus…Wazzo…Hamularius Fortunatus cardinalis Romanus…Hetti abbas Mediolacensis" as heads of the church at Trier, dated to the late 8th and first half 9th century[12]Einhard records that Emperor Charles I sent “Amalharium Treverensem episcopum et Petrum abbatem monasterii Nonantulas” to negotiate peace in Constantinople in 813 with Emperor Mikhael I, but that in 814 they were sent home by Emperor Leon V[13]Gallia Christiana records his death in 814 and burial “in æde S. Paulini[14]

 

 

[Four] siblings: 

1.         HETTO (-27 May 847, bur St Eucharius).  Abbot of Milan.  Archbishop of Trier: Gallia Christiana records the election in 814 of “Hetti vel Hetto germanus frater Warentrudis Palatiolensis abbatissæ...Mediolacensi...abbas” as archbishop[15].  The Gesta Treverorum lists (in order) "Richbodus…Wazzo…Hamularius Fortunatus cardinalis Romanus…Hetti abbas Mediolacensis" as heads of the church at Trier, dated to the late 8th and first half 9th century[16].  One manuscript of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Hetti" was buried "in monasterio sancti Eucharii" next to "Ruotgaudus eiusdem Hetti germanus"[17].  Regino records the death in 847 of “Hetti Trevirorum episcopus[18]

2.         RUOTGAUD (-bur St Eucharius).  One manuscript of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Hetti" was buried "in monasterio sancti Eucharii" next to "Ruotgaudus eiusdem Hetti germanus"[19]

3.         WARENTRUDAbbess of [Palazzuolo, Tuscany (“Palatiolensis”)?]: Gallia Christiana records the election in 814 of “Hetti vel Hetto germanus frater Warentrudis Palatiolensis abbatissæ...Mediolacensi...abbas” as archbishop[20]

4.         [--- .  As noted below, Gallia Christiana records Thetgod as “nepos” of Archbishop Hetto.  The primary source which confirms this family relationship has not been identified.  If the term is used in its strict sense of nephew, one of Thetgod’s parents was Hetto’s sibling.  However, considering the broad possible uses of nepos, the word may indicate a more remote connection.  m ---.]  [One child:] 

a)         [THETGOD [Teutgaud/Thetgaud] (-29 Sep 868).  There are two indications of Thetgod’s family origin.  Firstly, Gallia Christiana records the election in 847 of “ab Epternacensi abbate Teutgaudus, Hetti nepos...Mediolacensis abbas” as archbishop[21]Secondly, according to Baron Ernouf, Gunther archbishop of Köln was uncle of Waldrada and Thetgaud archbishop of Trier was her brother[22].  The primary sources which confirm either of these relationships have not been identified.  Archbishop of Trier 847.  Regino records the death in 847 of “Hetti Trevirorum episcopus” and the succession of “Thietgaudus[23].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Tietgaudus" as successor of "Hetti" in 851, adding that he was led astray ("seductus") by Lothar II King of Lotharingia and Günther Archbishop of Köln and connived in the false accusations against "Tietbergæ uxoris eiusdem Lotharii"[24]Gallia Christiana records his death in 868[25].] 

 

 

1.         BERTHOLF, son of [GEBHARD Graf im Niederlahngau & his wife ---] (-10 Feb or 2 Oct 883, bur Trier St. Paul).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   His precise family relationship with Adventius Bishop of Metz (see below) has not been ascertained.  Bertholf is referred to as "Bertold" in Europäische Stammtafeln with the date 879[26]Archbishop of Trier 869.  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Bertolfus abbas Mediolacensis…consanguineus Adventii, tunc temporis Mettensis episcopi" succeeded as "episcopus Treberis" in 868[27].  Jackman links him with the archbishop of Köln (referred to in Grote[28]) with the similar name[29].  An epitaph at “ecclesiæ beati Paulini“ records the death “IV Id Feb” of “Bertolfus Trevir. archiepiscopus[30]

 

 

1.         RATBOD (-30 Mar 915).  The primary source which confirms Ratbot’s family origin has not been identified.  However, Ratbod Bishop of Utrecht was possibly the nephew of Thetgod Archbishop of Trier (see the document HOLLAND & FRISIA), the name suggesting that Archbishop Ratbod may also have been related to Thetgod.  Abbot of Milan.  Archbishop of Trier.  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Radbodus abbas de Mediolaco" succeeded "Bertolfus archiepiscopus"[31].  The Annales Sancti Maximini Trevirensis record the death in 917 of "Ruodpertus episcopus"[32]Gallia Christiana records his death “III Kal Apr 915[33]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         RUTGER (-27 Jan 930, bur Trier St. Paul).  No source has been found which suggests Rutger’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier: Gallia Christiana records the election in 915 of “Rodgerus” as archbishop, noting the earlier presence of “Ratbodus notarius vice Rutgeri archiepiscopi summique cancellarii” in a charter issued “XIV Kal Feb” [year not specified] at Héristal[34].  The Continuator of Regino records in 928 [date incorrect] the death of “Ruodgerus Trevirorum archiepiscopus” and the appointment of “Ruodbertus[35].  An epitaph “in basilica sancti Paulini“ records the death “VI Kal Feb” of “Ruotgerus Trevirensis archiepiscopus”, Gallia Christiana specifying his death in 930[36]

2.         [brother/sister] .  Assuming that “neptis” in the 936 charter quoted below is interpreted in its strict sens of niece, one of her parents was Rutger’s sibling.  It is not certain whether this was Folrad or his wife.  The possibility remains that the term was used in an extended sense to indicate a more remote family relationship.  m [FOLRAD, son of ---.]  Folrad & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADA (-after 936).  Rotbert Archbishop of Trier agreed with "Ada filia Folradi neptis Rothgeri…archiepiscopi" relating to "villa Theoderica…in pago Rizogohensi in comitatu Ardenensi sitam" by charter dated 936, which names "Ada et filii eius Rotgerus…et Folradus"[37]m --- (-[before 936]).  No source has been found which names Ada’s husband.  Presumably his absence from the 936 charter indicates that he was deceased at the time.  Two children: 

i)          RUTGER (-after 936).  Rotbert Archbishop of Trier agreed with "Ada filia Folradi neptis Rothgeri…archiepiscopi" relating to "villa Theoderica…in pago Rizogohensi in comitatu Ardenensi sitam" by charter dated 936, which names "Ada et filii eius Rotgerus…et Folradus"[38]

ii)         FOLRAD (-after 936).  Rotbert Archbishop of Trier agreed with "Ada filia Folradi neptis Rothgeri…archiepiscopi" relating to "villa Theoderica…in pago Rizogohensi in comitatu Ardenensi sitam" by charter dated 936, which names "Ada et filii eius Rotgerus…et Folradus"[39]

 

 

1.         ROBERT, son of --- (-19 May 956, bur Trier St. Paul).  His family origin is indicated by Thietmar, quoted below.  Gallia Christiana names “vir regali prosapia...Robertus, Rudolphi Burgundiæ regis ex Bertha filia Arnolphi Bajoariæ ducis griatus, germanus...Adheleidis primo Lothario regi Italiæ, deinde magno Ottoni sociatæ“, when recording his election as archbishop in 930 and ordination the following year[40], details which cannot be reconciled with Burgundian sources (see the document BURGUNDY KINGDOM, KINGS).  Archbishop of Trier.  The Continuator of Regino records in 928 [date incorrect, see above] the death of “Ruodgerus Trevirorum archiepiscopus” and the appointment of “Ruodbertus[41].  The Annales Sancti Maximini Trevirensis record the ordination in 931 of "Ruodperti episcopi"[42].  Thietmar refers to the "paternal uncle [of Count Ansfrid] Robert Archbishop of Trier"[43].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Rubertus archiepiscopus" came from "regno quod Lotharingium vocatur" adding that "soror eius imperatori in matrimonio iuncta fuit"[44].  The Monumenta Germaniæ editor adds a comment that the consecration of "Rotbertum regum Saxonicorum fuisse propinquum" was proposed by "fratres Ballerini" and that he was "nepotem Brunonem archiepiscopum"[45].  The Continuator of Regino records the death in 956 from plague of “Ruodbertus archiepiscopus Treverensis et Hadamarus abbas Fuldensis[46]Gallia Christiana records his death in 956 and burial “prope ecclesiam S. Paulini...[47]

 

 

[Two possible brothers:]

1.         HEINRICH [I], son of [Graf HEINRICH & his wife ---] (-Rome 3 Jul 964).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Archbishop Heinrich was the possible son of Graf Heinrich[48].  The basis for this speculation is not known.  Gallia Christiana names him more generally “illustri Francorum ac Suevorum prosapia genitus Heinricus“, noting that he was educated “in abbatia Augiensi cum S. Wolfango, postea Ratisponensi episcopo[49]Archbishop of Trier 956.  The Continuator of Regino records the death in 956 from plague of “Ruodbertus archiepiscopus Treverensis et Hadamarus abbas Fuldensis” and the election of “quibus Heinricus in episcopatu[50].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Heinricus" succeeded "Rutpertum" as archbishop of Trier[51].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Heinricus episcopus" died "in Italia"[52].  The Continuator of Regino records the death in 964 from plague in Rome of “Heinricus archiepiscopus Treverensis[53]

2.         [POPPO (-15 Feb 961).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Bishop Poppo was the brother of Heinrich Archbishop of Trier[54].  The basis for this speculation is not known.  Chancellor of Germany 931/940.  Bishop of Würzburg 941.  The necrology of St Gall records the death "XV Kal Mar" of "Popponis Wirciburgensis ecclesie ep"[55].]

 

 

1.         DIETRICH [I] (-5 Jul 975).  No source has been found which suggests Dietrich’s family origin.  Provost of Mainz.  Archbishop of Trier: Gallia Christiana records the election in 965 of “Moguntinensis præpositus Theodericus[56].  The Continuator of Regino records that the emperor appointed “Thiodricus eiusdem ecclesiæ diaconus” as archbishop of Trier in 965 after returning from Italy[57].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Theodericus" succeeded "Henricus" as archbishop of Trier[58]Gallia Christiana notes the necrology of St Maximin which records the death “975 III Non Jul” of Archbishop Dietrich[59]

 

 

1.         EGBERT of Holland, son of DIRK II Count of Holland & his wife Hildegarde [de Flandre] (-8/9 Dec 993, bur St Andreas).  "Theodericus comes et uxor sua Hildegardis" and "Hecberto et Arnulfo filiis ipsius Theoderici" are named in a charter dated Oct [967/79][60]The Chronologia Johannes de Beke names (in order) "Arnulfum comitem, Egbertum Treverensem archiepiscopum ac Arlindam puellam" as the children of Count Dirk II & his wife[61].  "…Hecberto et Arnulfo filiis ipsius Theoderici…" signed the charter dated 2 Oct 974 under which "Theodericus comes et uxor sua Hildegardis" donated "in villa Haleftra in pago Mempesco sita" to Saint-Pierre de Gand[62]The Vita Sancti Adalberti Egmondani name "Theoderici iunioris filius Egbertus Trevirensis post archiepiscopus"[63].  Imperial Chancellor.  Archbishop of TrierGallia Christiana records Egbert’s election as archbishop in 975[64].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Eckebertus…de Britannia ortus, patre Theoderico comite et matre Hildegarda" succeeded "Theodericus" as archbishop of Trier[65]"Theodericus…Holtlandensis comes…Florentii filius" recites the ownership history of properties claimed by the church of Utrecht in Holland, including donations by "Ekbertus, nominati comitis filius…Treuerice ecclesie archiepiscopus", by spurious charter dated 26 Jul 1083, probably written in [1130][66]The Annales Colonienses record the death in 993 of "Ecbertus Trevirensis archiepiscopus"[67].  The Annales Egmundani record the death in 994 of "Ekbertus frater Arnulfi comitis Treveronum archiepiscopus"[68].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Eckebertus" went "ad fluvium Oleviam" where he died and was buried "in parva ecclesia, quam ipse construxerat in honore sancti Andreæ"[69].

 

 

1.         LIUDOLF (-7 Apr 1008).  No source has been found which suggests Liudolf’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier 994.  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Liudolfus…natione Saxo" succeeded "Eckebertus" as archbishop of Trier[70].  The Annales Colonienses record the the ordination of "Liudolfus Trevirensis episcopus" in 994[71].  The Annales Colonienses record the death in 1008 of "Liudolphus Trevirensis archiepiscopus" and the succession of "Megingoz"[72]Gallia Christiana notes the necrology of St Maximin which records the death “1008...6 Dec” of Archbishop Liudolf[73]

 

 

1.         MEGINGOZ (-24 Dec 1015).  No source has been found which suggests Megingoz’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier 1008.  The Annales Colonienses record the death in 1008 of "Liudolphus Trevirensis archiepiscopus" and the succession of "Megingoz"[74].  The Gesta Treverorum records that Heinrich II King of Germany installed "Meingaudo…præposito ecclesiæ Mogontinæ" as archbishop of Trier in succession to "Liudolfo"[75].  An epitaph records the death “in vigilia Natalis Domini...in urbe sua Cophelenci“ of “Megingaudus Trevericæ civitatis episcopus” after 8 years and 7 months in office[76]

 

 

1.         POPPO von Babenberg, son of LUITPOLD I Markgraf der bayerischen Ostmark [Austria] & his wife Richwara im Sualafeldgau (-14 Feb or 16 Apr 1047, bur Trier St Simeon, transferred 1803 to St Gervasius).  The Annales Zwetlenses name "Popponem episcopum Traverensem" as brother of "Heinricus marchio Austrie [et] frater eius Leupoldus"[77], although the reference to "Leupoldus" appears incorrect.  A list of names in the Verbrüderungsbuch of Reichenau abbey reads "Luitpold marches, Rihuuar, Iudita, Heinrich, Ernust, Poppo, Luitpold, Cunigurrt, Adalbr"[78], which appears to refer to Markgraf Luitpold, his wife and children.  Wipo names "Poppo frater Ernesti ducis", when recording the former as Archbishop of Trier[79].  Provost of Bamberg cathedral after 1007.  The Gesta Treverorum records that Heinrich II King of Germany installed "Popponem in Babenberch educatum" as archbishop of Trier in succession to "Megingaudo" in 1015[80].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records "domnus Poppo" and "patri eius Luopaldi…qui regionis Austriæ marcam tenebat, mater…Richeza…ducis Germaniæ Franciæ filia"[81].  Thietmar records the installation of "Poppo…son of Markgraf Leopold and provost of the church of Bamberg" as Archbishop of Trier in 1016[82]Wipo, in his description of the election of Konrad II King of Germany in 1024, calls Poppo a "pious and humble man", says he was the brother of Duke Ernst, and that he was the guardian of the latter's son Ernst[83]The necrology of Melk records the death "XVI Kal Mar" of "Poppo archieps Treverensis fr Heinrici marchionis"[84].  The Annales Necrologici Prumienses record the death in 1047 of “Boppo archiepiscopus[85].

 

 

1.         EBERHARD, son of HEINRICH --- & his wife --- (-15 Apr 1066, bur St Paul).  His father’s name is confirmed by the Trier necrology quoted below but the source which confirms Eberhard’s family origin has not been identified.  On the other hand, Gallia Christiana records the appointment in 1047 of “Ezelini vel Ezonis Alemanniæ comitis Palatini atque Mathildis eius conjugis...filius Ebherardus, ex præposito Wormatiensis ecclesiæ” as archbishop by Emperor Heinrich III[86], a suggestion which is not corroborated by the sources which relate to the Pfalzgrafen von Lothringen (see the document LOTHARINGIA, KINGS & DUKES, PFALZGRAFEN).  Archbishop of Trier 1047.  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Eberhardus" succeeded as archbishop of Trier after "Poppo archiepiscopus"[87].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records "Everhardus episcopus…natus patre Hizelino comite Alamanniæ", adding that he was previously "præpositus maioris ecclesiæ Wormaciensis"[88].  The necrology of Trier records the death "XVIII Kal Mai" of "Henricus pater Eberhardi archiep. Trevir."[89].  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Eberhardus" died "sabbato sancto paschæ" and was buried "in monasterio sancti Paulini"[90].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death "XVII Kal Mai" of Eberhard and his burial "in basilica sancti Paulini"[91].  The Annales Necrologici Prumienses record the death in 1063 of “Eberhardus archiepiscopus Treverensis[92].

 

 

1.         KUNO, son of EILULF & his wife Hazzecha von Steusslingen (-Trier 1 Jun 1066, bur “Doleiensis” monastery)Archbishop of Trier 1066.  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Anno Coloniensis episcopus" ordained "clericum suum…Cuononem" as archbishop of Trier after the death of "Eberhardus"[93].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Anno Coloniensis episcopus" ordained "nepotem suum Cuononem" at Trier in succession to Eberhard but that he died "in Kal Iun miserabili morte"[94].  The Vita Conradi Archiepiscopi records "Cuonradus ex nobili prosapia oriundus…ex Suevia oppido Pulinga" and his parents "patre Eilolfo, matre Hazzecha"[95]Gallia Christiana records that Kuno was killed 1 Jun 1066 by “major-domus ecclesiæ Trevirorum Diedericus comes adolescens tam natura ferox quam ætate” after he entered Trier, buried “in monasterio Doleiensi[96]

 

 

1.         UDO von Nellenburg, son of EBERHARD [I] "dem Seligen" Graf von Nellenburg & his wife Ita --- (-killed in battle Tübingen 11 Nov 1078, bur Trier St Peter)Archbishop of Trier 1066.  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Udo Suevus nobilis" succeeded as archbishop of Trier after the death of "Cuononem"[97].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Uodo…ex Alamannorum prosapia oriundus" was elected at Trier in succession to Kuno, son of "patre Everhardo comite, matre Ita" who founded "cœnobii…Scafuse"[98].  The Historia Trevirensis names “ex Alamannorum prosapia oriundus patre Eberhardo comite, matre Ida” as parents of “Udo” Archibishop of Trier, adding that they founded “monasterii…Scafuse[99].  [The Annales Scafhusenses record the monastery´s foundation in 1052 by "Eberhardus comes de Nellinburc", consecrated "X Kal Dec" by Pope Leo IX[100].]  The Gesta Treverorum records the death "13 Nov 1078" and burial in "monasterio St Petri" of "domnus Cuono [error for Udo]…ex Alamannorum prosapia oriundus…patre Everhardo comite, matre Ita"[101].  The Annales Necrologici Prumienses record the death in 1078 of “Udo archiepiscopus[102]

 

 

1.         EGILBERT (-5 Sep 1101, bur Trier St Peter).  No source has been found which suggests Egilbert’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier 1078.  The Gesta Treverorum records that "Eilbertus" succeeded as archbishop of Trier after the death of "Udo"[103].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum names "in civitate Batavia {Passau} de optimatibus Baioariæ…prepositus maioris ecclesiæ et scholasticus…Egilbertus" when recording his election at Trier in succession to Udo and investiture by "Rex…VIII Id Ian" in 1078[104].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death "Non Sep" in 1101 of Egilbert and his burial "in ecclesia maiori, domo…sancti Petri apostoli"[105].

 

 

1.         BRUNO [von Laufen], son of --- (-25 Apr 1124).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricus de castro quod Loufe dicitur, Brunonis Treverensis episcopi et Poponis comitis frater"[106].  On the other hand, a continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the election of "Bruno…Francus natione" and names "pater Arnoldus comes ex nobilissima Adeleyda matre" as his parents[107].  It is not known which version is correct.  He founded Kloster Odenheim im Kraichgau with his brother Poppo[108].  Archdeacon at Trier and Speyer.  Provost of St Florin at Koblenz.  Archbishop of Trier 1102.  Emperor Heinrich V confirmed that Bruno Archbishop of Trier had founded Kloster Odenheim (in Kraichgau), with the consent of “fratris sui Popponis”, by charter dated 5 Mar 1122[109].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death "VII Kal Mai" in 1124 of Bruno[110].

 

 

1.         GOTTFRIED, son of RUTFRIED & his wife Fridesinda --- (-14 Nov 1128, bur Trier St Peter).  Deacon at Trier.  Archbishop of Trier 1124.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Godefridus maioris ecclesiæ decanus" succeeded Bruno as archbishop of Trier, adding that he was "de Leodiensi parrochia…oriundus" and that "Arnulfum…maioris ecclesiæ domus…beati Petri præpositum" was "consanguineum suum"[111].  The Gesta Godefridi Archiepiscopi names "Gothfridus…de Ledodicensi parrochia progenitoribus…nobilibus", his parents "patre Rutfrido, matre Fridesinda…ex vico…Falmanies…oriundus", and "Arnoldum avunculum suum, maioris æcclesiæ, domus…beati Petri apostoli prepositum" who had been appointed "clericus" by Archbishop Eberhard[112].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that Gottfried was deprived of his archbishopric and survived one year and five months, dying "XVII Kal Dec" (in 1128 from the context), and was buried "in basilica sancti Petri maioris ecclesiæ"[113].

 

 

1.         MEGINHER (-Parma 1 Oct 1130, bur Trier St Peter).  No source has been found which suggests Meginher’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier 1127.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Meginherus" succeeded Gottfried as archbishop of Trier, adding that he was "a puericia in Treverensi ecclesia educatus"[114].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death "apud Parmam civitatem…Kal Oct" (in 1130 from the context) of Archbishop Meginhar and his burial "in maiori ecclesia"[115].

 

 

1.         BRUNO, son of --- (-after 1131)Archbishop of Trier 1130.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Brunonem, ecclesiæ Treverensis canonicum, Brunonis quondam archiepiscopi nepotem" was elected "VII Id Dec" as archbishop of Trier, dated to 1130 from the context, but that he was expelled by Pope Innocent II[116]

 

 

Three siblings, parents not identified: 

1.         ADALBERO [de Montreuil] (-15 Jan 1152).  Archbishop of Trier 1132.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "primicerium Mettensem Adalberonem" was installed "altero pascha" in 1132 as archbishop of Trier[117].  The Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi records Adalbero as "vir de regione Metensi, post et in ecclesia puer est nutritus"[118].  Baldericus´s Gesta Alberonis records "dominus Albero, Metensis clericus", adding in a later passage that his origin was "ex episcopatu Tullensi, nobilibus quidem parentibus", that he had been bishop of Toul, and had founded an abbey in "patrimonio suo…Monasteriolum…vocatur…Bellus Campus"[119].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death in 1152 of "Albero archiepiscopus Trevirorum"[120]The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1152 of “Adalbero Trevirorum archiepiscopus[121].  Hillin Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Belchamp by prædecessore nostro archiepiscopo Alberone...seu a nobili viro Petro germano eius necnon etiam a Beatrice nepta sua et filiis eius Seguino et Gerardo” by charter dated 1157[122]

2.         PIERREHillin Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Belchamp by prædecessore nostro archiepiscopo Alberone...seu a nobili viro Petro germano eius necnon etiam a Beatrice nepta sua et filiis eius Seguino et Gerardo” by charter dated 1157[123]

3.         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

a)         BEATRICEHillin Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Belchamp by prædecessore nostro archiepiscopo Alberone...seu a nobili viro Petro germano eius necnon etiam a Beatrice nepta sua et filiis eius Seguino et Gerardo” by charter dated 1157[124]m ---.  Two children: 

i)          SEGUINHillin Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Belchamp by prædecessore nostro archiepiscopo Alberone...seu a nobili viro Petro germano eius necnon etiam a Beatrice nepta sua et filiis eius Seguino et Gerardo” by charter dated 1157[125]

ii)         GERARDHillin Archbishop of Trier confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Belchamp by prædecessore nostro archiepiscopo Alberone...seu a nobili viro Petro germano eius necnon etiam a Beatrice nepta sua et filiis eius Seguino et Gerardo” by charter dated 1157[126]

 

 

1.         --- m [as her [first/second] husband,], ---, daughter of ---.  She married [firstly/secondly] ---.  Three children: 

a)         HILLIN (-23 Oct 1169).  Archbishop of Trier 1152.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death in 1152 of "Albero archiepiscopus Trevirorum" and the succession of "Hillinus, decanus maioris ecclesiæ"[127].  “Hyllinus...Trevirorum...minister...Anselmus frater noster uterinus” donated “partes hereditatis sue in Falemannia [...cum privilegium...fratris nostri domini Henrici Leodiensis episcopi]” to Waulsort by charter dated 1164[128].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death in 1169 of "Hillini archiepiscopi"[129]

b)         HENRI (-Pavia 6 Oct 1164, bur Liège)Bishop of Liège 1145.  The Continuatio Gemblacensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1145 of "Adelbero Leodicensis episcopus” and the succession of “Heinricus...ex clero sancti Lamberti, secundus huius nominis presul[130]The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the succession of “domnus Henricus prepositus et archidiaconus maioris ecclesie[131]The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica from Anchin records in 1150 the dispute between "Henricum episcopum Leodicensem” and “Henricum comitem Namurcensem[132]Hyllinus...Trevirorum...minister...Anselmus frater noster uterinus” donated “partes hereditatis sue in Falemannia [...cum privilegium...fratris nostri domini Henrici Leodiensis episcopi]” to Waulsort by charter dated 1164[133].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the death “apud Papiam...pridie Non Oct” 1164 and the return of his bones “carne detracta” for burial “Leodium...in maiori ecclesia...III Kal Oct[134]

c)         [brother .  It is not clear whether this brother was a full brother or uterine brother of Archbishop Hillin.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          GODIN (-after 1169).  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that "Hillinus archiepiscopus" appointed "Godino Monasteriensi preposito filio fratris sui, cum adhuc esset puerulus" to "archydiaconatum" but that Archbishop Arnold took back the archidiaconate into his own hands after succeeding in 1169[135]

 

 

2.         --- de Fallemaigne m [as her [first/second] husband,], ---, daughter of ---.  She married [firstly/secondly] ---.  One child: 

a)         ANSELM de Fallemaigne (-after 1166).  “Hyllinus...Trevirorum...minister...Anselmus frater noster uterinus” donated “partes hereditatis sue in Falemannia [...cum privilegium...fratris nostri domini Henrici Leodiensis episcopi]” to Waulsort by charter dated 1164[136].  Alexandre [II] Bishop of Liège confirmed that “Gerulfus...frater Alberti de Brie” donated “octavam partem in Fallemannia” to Waulsort, with the advice of “Anselmus uterinus frater...archiepiscopi cum filio suo Anselmo...Theodericus de Bulun cum uxore eius Mathilde, Ascela de Daules, Godefridus et Theodericus fratres”, by charter dated 1166, witnessed by “Heinricus comes Nammucensis, Anselmus de Falemannis, Teodericus de Fan, Johannes frater eius, Arnulfus de Trier, Symon de Sencelia, Anselmus de Han, Theodericus de Bulun[137].  The other persons named in this charter are clearly relatives of Anselm de Fallemaigne, but the precise family relationships have not been ascertained.  m ---.  The name of Anselm’s wife is not known.  Anselm & his wife had one child: 

i)          ANSELM .  Alexandre [II] Bishop of Liège confirmed that “Gerulfus...frater Alberti de Brie” donated “octavam partem in Fallemannia” to Waulsort, with the advice of “Anselmus uterinus frater...archiepiscopi cum filio suo Anselmo...”, by charter dated 1166[138]

 

 

1.         ARNOLD (-25 May 1183, bur Trier St. Peter).  No source has been found which suggests Arnold’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier 1169.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death in 1169 of "Hillini archiepiscopi" and the succession, on the suggestion of Emperor Friedrich I, of "Arnoldum, prepositum Sancti Andreæ in Colonia"[139].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death in 1183 of "Arnoldo archyepiscopo"[140]Gallia Christiana records that Arnold died “VIII Kal Jun 1183” and was buried “in majori æde S. Petri[141]

 

 

1.         RUDOLF (-1189).  No source has been found which suggests Rudolf’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier 1183.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that, after the death in 1183 of "Arnoldo archyepiscopo", a majority of the clerics agreed on the appointment of "Rudolfi prepositi maioris domus" which was opposed "post sepulturam patris sui" by "Folmarus archydiaconus", the election of the latter being agreed 17 May 1186 although this did not end the conflict[142]

 

 

1.         VOLMAR (-17 Sep 1189).  No source has been found which suggests Volmar’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier 1183.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records that, after the death in 1183 of "Arnoldo archyepiscopo", a majority of the clerics agreed on the appointment of "Rudolfi prepositi maioris domus" which was opposed "post sepulturam patris sui" by "Folmarus archydiaconus", the election of the latter being agreed 17 May 1186 although this did not end the conflict[143].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the consecration “XIV Kal Mar” 1187 of “Formarus Trevirorum archiepiscopus” by Pope Urban “Verone[144]

 

 

1.         JOHANN [I] (-15 Jul 1212, bur Kloster Himmelroth).  No source has been found which suggests Johann’s family origin.  Archbishop of Trier 1190.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the appointment in 1190 of "Iohannes cancellarius"[145].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death in Jul 1212 of "Iohannes archiepiscopus Treverensis" and his burial "in cenobio monachorum…Claustrum"[146].  An epitaph at Himmelroth records the burial of “dominus Johannes Trevirorum archiepiscopus” who died “1213 [error] XIV Kal Aug[147]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         DIETRICH [II] von Wied, son of DIETRICH Graf von Wied & his wife --- (-27 Mar 1242)Archbishop of Trier 1212.  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the succession in 1212 of "Theodericus, Sancti Paulini prepositus et archidiaconus", his family origin being confirmed by a later passage which names "Georgius comes Widensis, frater Treverensi archiepiscopi"[148].  A continuator of the Gesta Treverorum records the death "ante pascha…V Kal Apr" in 1242 of "Theodericus archiepiscopus"[149].  The necrology of Orval records the death “VI Kal Apr” of “dominus Theodoricus e comitibus de Wied Trevirensis archiepiscopus[150]

2.         THEODORA (-after 1218)Her parentage is confirmed by the Gesta Arnoldi which records the succession, after the death of "Theoderici…Trevirorum archiepiscopi" in 1242, of "Arnoldus maior prepositus Trevirensis, filius sororis ipsius, de Isenburg oriundus"[151]The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m BRUNO von Isenburg in Braunsberg, son of REMBOLD von Isenburg & his wife --- (-before 8 Oct 1210).  Bruno & his wife had children: 

a)         ARNOLD [II] von Isenburg (-Monthabor castle 4 Nov 1259, bur Trier)Archbishop of Trier 1242.  The Gesta Arnoldi records the succession, after the death of "Theoderici…Trevirorum archiepiscopi" in 1242, of "Arnoldus maior prepositus Trevirensis, filius sororis ipsius, de Isenburg oriundus"[152].  The Gesta Arnoldi records the death "apud castrum Montabur" of "Arnoldus archiepiscopus" and his burial "in maiori ecclesia Treverensi…Non Nov" in 1259[153]

 

 

1.         HEINRICH [II] von Vinstingen, son of --- (-26 Apr 1286, bur Trier St Peter).  Deacon at Metz.  Archbishop of Trier 1260.  The Gesta Henrici Archiepiscopi records the appointment by Pope Alexander IV "XIII Kal Dec" in 1262 of "dominum Henricum decanum Metensem" as archbishop of Trier, his family origin being indicated in a later passage which names "domino Argentinensi episcopo, eius consanguineo"[154].  Another Gesta Henrici Archiepiscopi records the death "in crastino beati Marci euvangeliste" in 1286 of "dominus Henricus Treverorum archiepiscopus" and his burial "Treverim in ecclesia sancti Petri"[155].  An epitaph at Trier St Peter records the burial of “de Finstinga præsul...oriundus...Henricus Treberis” who died “VI Kal Mai 1286[156]

 

 

1.         BOHEMUND [I] von Warnersberg (-Trier 9 Dec 1299, bur Kloster Himmelroth).  Provost and archdeacon at Trier.  Archbishop of Trier 1286.  Gallia Christiana records the election in 1286 of “Equestri Warnesbergiorum familia cretus Boëmondus, præpositus ac archidiaconus ecclesiæ Treverensis, nec non primicerius Metensis[157].  The Gesta Boemundi Archiepiscopi Treverensis names "domini Boemundi Trevirorum archiepiscopi, de Warnesberch geniti"[158].  The Gesta Boemundi Archiepiscopi Treverensis records the death "feria quarta post festum beati Nicholai episcopi…in palacio Treveris" in 1299 of Archbishop Bohemund and his burial "in claustro…Hymmelroth"[159].

 

 

1.         DIETRICH [III] von Nassau, son of WALRAM II Graf von Nassau in Wiesbaden & his wife Adelheid von Katzenelnbogen (-Trier 23 Nov 1307, bur Trier Dominikanerkirche)Gallia Christiana records the election in 1300 of “Walrami Nassoviæ ac Weisbadæ comitis ex Adelheide de stirpe comitum Catzenellebogiorum filius...Dytherus[160]Archbishop of Trier 1300.  An epitaph at the Dominican church, Trier records the burial of “dominus Dietherus de Nassauvia germanus domini Adolphi regis Romanorum, quondam archiepiscopus Trevirensis” who died “1307 in crastino B. Clementis papæ et martyris[161]

 

 

1.         BAUDOUIN de Luxembourg, son of HENRI VI Comte de Luxembourg & his wife Béatrice d'Avesnes (Autumn 1285-Trier 21 Jan 1354, bur Trier Cathedral).  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch names "Dominum Balduinum" as son of "Henrico Comite Luczelinburgensi patre" and "Domina Beatrice de Bellomonte in Hannonia matre"[162].  Canon at Mainz Cathedral to 1308.  Canon at Trier Cathedral, provost before 1304.  Postulate at Mainz 1305/1306, his election as archbishop was opposed by Pope Clement[163].  Elected Archbishop of Trier 7 Dec 1307, installed as Archbishop and Elector of Trier 1308.  The Annales Lubicenses record the election of "comes Hinricus de Luczelenborch fratre suo" as archbishop of Trier in 1308[164]Administrator of the Bishopric of Worms 1309/1310 and 1336/1337.  In 1310 he organised a provincial synod at Trier which pronounced against witchcraft, magic and astrology[165].  Elected Bishop of Mainz 1328/1336, later administrator of the Bishopric of Mainz.  Administrator of the Bishopric of Speyer 1331/1337.

 

 

1.         BOHEMOND [II] (-10 Feb 1367)Archbishop of Trier 1354.  Gallia Christiana records the election in 1354 of “comitum Edendorffiorum genere ortus Boëmundus[166].  An epitaph at Trier records the burial of “dominus Boëmundus secundus archiepiscopus Trevirensis“ who died “1367 10 Feb[167]

 

 

1.         KUNO [II] von Falkenstein, son of PHILIPP [IV] von Falkenstein & his [third wife Johanna [von Dune/von Saarwerden] ([1320]-21 May 1388, bur Coblenz)Gallia Christiana records the birth in 1320 of “Cuno...patre toparcha de Falkenstein matre...Johanna comitis Saranverdæ filia” and his election as archbishop in 1362[168]Archbishop of Trier 1362.  An epitaph at Coblenz records the burial of “præsulis...Cunonis geniti per Falkenstein“ who died “1388 21 Mai[169]

 

 

1.         WERNER von Falkenstein, son of PHILIPP [VI] Herr von Falkenstein und Münzenberg & his second wife Agnes von Falkenstein (-4 Oct 1418, bur Coblenz)Gallia Christiana records the appointment of “ex filia Philippi fratris eius [referring to Kuno] nepos Wernerus Trevirensis archidiaconus, præpositus S. Florini Confluentiæ, sanctique Paulini apud Treviros” as archbishop in 1388[170]Archbishop of Trier 1388.  An epitaph at Coblenz records the burial of “D. Wernerus de Koevinstein archiepiscopus Trevirensis“ who died “1418 4 Oct[171]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    BISHOPS of METZ

 

 

1.         DROGO, illegitimate son of Emperor CHARLES I & his mistress Regina --- (17 Jun 801-drowned Himeriacum, Bourgogne 8 Dec 855, bur Metz Saint-Arnoul).  Einhard names "Drogonem et Hugum" as sons of King Charles by his concubine "Reginam"[172].  The Annales Weissemburgenses record the birth "802 aut 803 15 Kal Iul" of Drogo[173].  He and his brother Hugues, and their half-brother Thierry, were brought up in the palace of their half-brother Emperor Louis I after their father died, but after the revolt of Bernard King of Italy in 818 they were forcibly tonsured and "put under free custody into monasteries"[174].  Abbé de Luxeuil 820.  Emperor Louis installed "Druagoni fratri suo" as Bishop of Metz in 823[175].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Druogonem archicapellum et Adalbertum comitem" were sent to the east bank of the Rhine in 840[176].  He became Vicar of the Pope in France in Jun 844.  He died after falling into the River Oignon in which he was fishing[177].  A list of bishops of Metz records "domnus Drogo archiepiscopus et sacri palate summus capellanus, filius Karoli imperatoris" as 40th bishop, holding the position for 32 years, 5 months and 7 days, his death "VI Id Dec in Burgundia, prædio sancti Petri Mimeriaco" and his burial in "urbem Medimmatricorum…in ecclesia beati Iohannis apostoli"[178].

 

 

[Two siblings:]

1.         ADVENTIUS (-Sault 30 Sep [868/72]).  No indication has been found about the parentage of Adventius.  Gallia Christiana names him “nobili genere apud Metas natus[179]Bishop of Metz .  Hincmar names “...Adventius episcopus Mettensis...” as one of the bishops present when Lothaire II King of Lotharingia accepted the return of his wife Teutberga in 865[180]A list of bishops of Metz records the death "pridie Kal Sep" of "Adventius episcopus", 41st bishop, after holding office for 17 years and 24 days[181].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium records the death “II Kal Oct in villa Salto...sub Adriano papa secundo” of “Adventius...ex Mettensibus liberiori genere natus[182]

2.         [--- .  Assuming that “neptis” in the source quoted below is interpreted in its strict sense of niece, one of the parents of the person in question was Adventius’s sibling.  The possibility of a more remote family relationship cannot be excluded considering that the term is often used in an extended sense.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         daughter .  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Adventio Metensium presul” concerning “filio neptis sue[183]m ---.  One child: 

i)          son .  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to “Adventio Metensium presul” concerning “filio neptis sue[184]

 

 

1.         WALO, son of BLIDERICO Graf & his wife Irmengarda --- (-killed in battle 12 Apr 882, bur Metz St Salvator).  Gallia Christiana names “Bliderico comite et Irmengarda eius uxore genitus Wala seu Walo” when recording his appointment as bishop in 876[185]Bishop of MetzThe Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 868 that "Wallo" succeeded "Adventium" as bishop of Metz[186]A list of bishops of Metz records the death "IV Id Apr" of "Walo episcopus", 42nd bishop, after holding office for 6 years and 5 days[187].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium records the death “III Non Apr” of “Walo” and his burial “Mettim...in ecclesia Salvatoris[188]

 

 

1.         ROBERT [I] (-Metz 2 Jan 916, bur St Gallen).  Gallia Christiana names “Robertus qui et Ruodpertus vel Rupertus, nobili Alamannorum genere ortus, germanus Vidonis comitis”, a monk at St. Gallen, when recording his appointment as bishop in 882[189]Bishop of Metz 882.  A list of bishops of Metz records the death "Mettis IV Non Jan" of "Robertus archiepiscopus", 43rd bishop, after holding office for 33 years, 7 months and 12 days[190].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium records “domnus Robertus...genere...insigni Alemannorum”, his death “IV Non Jan” and his burial “in ecclesia sancti Galli[191]

 

 

1.         WIGERICH (-Metz 1 Mar 927).  The family origin of Bishop Wigerich has not been ascertained.  However, his name suggests a close family connection with Wigerich [III], several of whose descendants were later appointed as bishops of Metz.  Monk at St Georg im Schwarzwald.  Bishop of Metz 917.  Flodoard records in 927 the death of "Widricus Mettensis antistes[192]A list of bishops of Metz records the death "Mettis Kal Mar" of "Wigericus archiepiscopus", 44th bishop, after holding office for 10 years and 30 days[193]

 

 

1.         BENNO (-after 928).  Bishop of Metz 927.  Flodoard records in 927 the death of "Widricus Mettensis antistes” and that “Heinricus...contempta electione ipsorum” appointed “Bennoni” to “episcopium Mettensium[194].  Flodoard records in 928 that "Benno Mettensis episcopus, insidiis appetitus” was castrated and blinded (“eviratus luminibusque privatus est”)[195].  Flodoard records in 929 that “Albero” was appointed to "episcopatum...Mettensem”, while “Bennoni” was granted “quadam abbatia[196]

 

 

1.         WIGERICH [III] Graf von Bidgau, Comte d´Ardenne.  Children: 

a)         FREDERIC [I] Duke of Upper Lotharingia.  Children:   

i)          ADALBERO [II] (-Metz 14 Dec 1005, bur Metz Cathedral, transferred to l'église de l'Abbaye Saint-Symphorien).  "Adalberonem filium Beatricis nobilissimæ ductricis, matris Theoderici ducis" is named in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium[197].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "ducem Theodericum et…Alberonem episcopus" as sons of "Fridericus dux Mosellanorum" & his wife Beatrix[198].  He was appointed Bishop of Metz 16 Oct 984, enthroned 28 Dec 984[199].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election of "Adalbero, filius Friderici ducis" as Bishop of Metz in 984[200].  He was present at the diet of [1004/05], where he strongly criticised Konrad Duke of Carinthia for his consanguineous marriage, and was forced to return to Lotharingia with his brother[201]A list of bishops of Metz records the death "VI Kal Mar" of "Adalbero", 45th bishop, after holding office for 35 years, 9 months and 25 days[202]

ii)         THIERRY I Duke of Upper Lotharingia.  Children: 

(1)       ADALBERO ([1000]-24 Mar after 1006).  He was appointed Bishop of Metz end 1005, in succession to his uncle Bishop Adalbero [II], under the guardianship of Thierry de Luxembourg.  He was consecrated before 14 May 1006 but died soon after.  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "IX Kal Apr" of "Adelbero clericus Teuderici ducis filius"[203]

b)         ADALBERO [I] ([910/15]-26 Apr 962, bur église de l'Abbaye de Gorze, [Moselle]).  Charles III “le Simple” King of the West Franks donated the abbeys of Hastières and Saint-Rombaut to Liège Saint-Lambert, granting the enjoyment for life to "comes Windricus...uxoris eius...Cunegundis et unius filiorum ipsorum...nostri nepotis Adelberonis", by charter dated to [915][204]Bishop of Metz 929.  Flodoard records in 929 that “Albero” was appointed to "episcopatum...Mettensem”, while “Bennoni” was granted “quadam abbatia[205]"Otto…imperator augustus" donated property to Kloster St Petrus at Metz by charter dated 3 Jun 960 which names "compater noster Adalbero…sanctæ Mettensis ecclesiæ presul [et] germano suo Friderico duce"[206]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         DIETRICH [Theoderic], son of SIEGFRIED Comte de Luxembourg & his wife Hedwig --- (-2 May 1047)The Annalista Saxo names "Teoderici Metensi episcopi et Heinrich postmodum ducis Bawarici" as brothers of "domnam Cunigundam, felicis memorie virginem", wife of Emperor Heinrich II[207]Herimannus names "Theoderico Metense episcopo et Heinrico Baioriæ duce Fridericoque comite" as brothers of "Adalbero clericus, reginæ Cunigundis germanus", when recording their rebellion against Emperor Heinrich II in 1008[208]Bishop of Metz 1006.  As "Theodoric Bishop of Metz", brother of Empress Kunigunde, he is recorded as the latter's adviser in Wipo's description of the election of Konrad II King of Germany in 1024[209].  The necrology of Ranshofen records the death "VI Non May" of "Theodericus Metensis eps frater Chunigundis imperatricis et Ermindrud abba soror eius"[210].  Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1046 of "Deoderico Mettensium episcopo" and the succession of “Adelbero fratruelis eius[211]

2.         FRIEDRICH Comte de Luxembourg.  Children: 

a)         ADALBERO [IV] (-12/13 Nov 1072, bur Metz Saint-Sauveur).  The Vita Adelheidis names "Heinrici magnifici ducis et Adhelberonis Metensis episcopi, Friderici ducis fratrumque suorum" as grandsons of "Irminthrudis", daughter of Megingoz[212]Bishop of Metz 1047.  Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1046 of "Deoderico Mettensium episcopo" and the succession of “Adelbero fratruelis eius[213]The Gesta Abbatem Trudonensium records that, after the death of "domnus Theodericus secundus huius nominis, Metensis episcopus" in 1048 "Adelbero eius consanguineus, nepos Adelberonis tercii huius nominis ex fratre Theoderico duce Lotharingie seu Mosellorum" succeeded as Bishop of Metz[214].  A later passage names "Adelberonis Metensis episcoporum" as brother of "Theoderico duce Lotharingie seu Mosellanorum" specifying that he was installed in 1060 as advocatus of St Trudo, the following passage naming "Fredericum ducem" so clarifying that the earlier reference was a mistake for Friedrich[215]

 

 

1.         DIETRICH, son of EBERHARD Graaf van Drenthe en Salland & his wife Amalrada --- ([929]-Metz 7 Sep 984, bur Metz St Vincent).  The Vita Deoderici Episcopi names "Deodericum ex pago Saxoniæ Hamalant" as son of "comite Everardo" and "Amelrada"[216].  Canon at Halberstadt.  Bishop of Metz 965.  Sigebert's Chronica records in 964 that, after the death of "Adelberone Mettensium epìscopo", “Deodericus consobrinus Ottonis imperator” was appointed bishop[217]"Otto…imperator augustus" made donations to Notker Bishop of Liège by charter dated 15 Jun 983, which names "Mettensium episcopus Theodericus noster consanguineus et illustris dux Beatrix nostra consobrina[218].  The blood relationship between Bishop Dietrich and Emperor Otto I was through the bishop's mother.  Thietmar records that Dietrich Bishop of Metz "belonged to that group of corrupt men who, in return for obscuring the truth, had accepted one thousand pounds of gold and silver from the archbishop"[219]

 

 

1.         HERMANN (-4 May 1090, bur Metz Saint-Pierre).  Provost at Liège.  Gallia Christiana names “claris natalibus in Saxonia satus Herimannus, discipulus Hannonis archiepiscopi Coloniensis, Leodiensis præpositus” when recording his appointment as bishop in 1073[220]Bishop of MetzSigebert's Chronica records in 1073 that "Herimannus Leodicensis" was made “Mettensium episcopus[221].  Sigebert's Chronica records in 1090 that "Herimannus episcopus" died in the afternoon following a reception at Metz[222].  During the investiture crisis, Thierry II Duke of Lorraine supported Emperor Heinrich IV who enabled him to take control of Metz after expelling Bishop Hermann[223]The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium records the death “IV Non Mai” of “domnus Herimannus” and his burial “in ecclesia sancti Petri Mettis[224]

 

 

1.         BURCHARD (-[1091]).  Provost of Trier.  Gallia Christiana names “Burchardus, Trevirensis ecclesiæ præpositus” when recording his appointment as bishop in 1090, noting that he soon died or was otherwise deprived of the bishopric[225]Bishop of Metz

 

 

1.         POPPO [von Gleiberg/von Laach], son of --- [von Gleiberg] & his wife --- (-1103 or after).  The Chronicon Hugonis names "clericum Trevirensem Popponem, fratrem Heinrici comitis palatini" when recording his installation as Bishop of Metz[226]Bishop of Metz 1092.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium records the succession of “ex ecclesia Treverensi domnum Poponem[227]

 

 

1.         ADALBERO [V] (-[1117]).  Gallia Christiana notes the schism in the bishopric of Metz when “Adalbero seu Albertus” was also appointed as bishop in 1090, noting that he was consecrated 13 Jan 1102 before the death of Bishop Poppo[228]Bishop of Metz

 

 

1.         FOLMAR [VII] Graf von Metzm ---.  Children: 

a)         THEOGAR (-1120).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  Elected Bishop of Metz 1117, installed 1118. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ETIENNE de Mousson, son of THIERRY de Mousson & his wife Ermentrude de Bourgogne [Comté] (-Metz 29 Dec 1162, bur Metz Cathedral).  The Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi names "episcopum Stephanum, fratrem Rainaldi comes de Monzon"[229].  Destined for the church from an early age, he was brought up by his maternal uncle Guy Archbishop of Vienne, later Pope Calixtus II[230].  The Consecratio Ecclesiæ Senonensis names "Stephani pater comes Theodericus et avunculus domnus Guido Viennensis archiepiscopus, post urbis Romæ papa" in relation to the consecration of Sens in 1124[231].  Archdeacon of Toul.  Bishop of Metz 1120.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession in 1120 of “tam Burgundionem quam Lothoringorum...genere...domnus Stephanus...Calixti [papæ] ex sorore nepos”, and adds that he granted territory to “fratris sui comitis Barrensis aliorumque cognatorum et amicorum suorum” specifying “castrum Terli...castrumque ducis apud Vicum et munitionem inter Vicum et Marsallum in loco palustri sitam simulque castrum comitis de Hoemberc...castrum...Ramberti-villare...castrumque nobile Lucelnburch...castrum Viviers et partem ducis de Lemburc in castro Rucei...castrum...Mirabel et Falconis-montem...Danubrii et Asperi-montis...apud Spinal turrim...Moronis...castrum...Petro-pertusata...castrum Deulewart...turrim apud Tihecurt...et castrum...Walteri-montis[232].  Etienne Bishop of Metz declared that frater meus Teodericus comes de Montbiliart” recognised the incorrectness of his claims relating to Gorze Abbey by charter dated to [1138/63], which names “cognati nostri Theoderic, Mettensis primicerii[233]He accompanied his brother Renaud on the Second Crusade in 1147[234].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the death “III Kal Jan” of “Stephanus” and his burial “iuxta chori[235]

2.         RENAUD Comte de Bar.  Children: 

a)         THIERRY de Bar (-8 Aug 1171, bur Metz Cathedral)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "episcopi Theodorici et comitis Reynaldi" as sons of "Renaldum Strabum comitem de Barro Ducis"[236].  Archdeacon at Metz before 1128, primicerius 1137.  Archdeacon at Verdun 1156.  Bishop of Metz 1163.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession in 1164 of “dominus Theodericus fratris sui [referring to “Stephanus”] comitis Barrensis filius”, his acquisition of “Werinesperc et Radonis-villam. Castrum Conflans”, and his death “III Id Aug[237]

 

 

1.         FREDERIC de Pluyose, son of --- (-27 Sep 1179, bur Metz Saint-Arnoul).  Bishop of Metz 1171.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “dominum Fridericum de Pluviosa”, his acquisition of “Anerei” [Ennery], his death “V Kal Oct”, and his burial “in pratorio...Sancti Galli[238]

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Clermont, of RENAUD Comte de Clermont and his second wife Clémence de Bar (-28 May 1200).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Guidonem et Rainaldum et Hugonem archidiaconum Metensem et Galterum cum aliis utriusque sexus" as children of "comes Rainaldus [de Claromonte]" and his wife "comitissam de Dammartin, filiam comitis Rainaldi de Monzuns"[239]Primicerius at Metz 1164/70.  He was elected Bishop of Metz 1171.  Abbot of Creil.  "Radulfus…comes Claromontensis" donated the church of Saint-Evremond de Creil to the priory of Saint-Leu d´Esserent, with the consent of "fratribus meis Hugone primicerio Metensis ecclesiæ…ecclesiæ de Credulio abate, et Simone milite fratre meo…", by charter dated 24 Feb 1176[240]Provost of Saint-Sauveur at Metz.  Canon at Toul.  Archdeacon at Ligny 1186.  "Radulfus comes Clarimontis" donated part of Hez wood to the church of Froidmont by charter dated 1190 witnessed by "Alberico comite de Dammartin et Renaldo filio eius…Aelidis uxor mea et filie mee Cathelina et Mathildis…Hugo frater meus primicerius ecclesie Mettensis…"[241]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         MATHIEU Duke of Lorraine.  Children: 

a)         THIERRY [IV] de Lorraine (-1181)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "dux Symon et Fredericus de Bites et comes Matheus Tullensis et Theodericus" as the four sons of "ducis Lotharingie Mathie qui dux Mosellanorum dicebatur", specifying that Thierry was "electus Metensis ante episcopum Bertrannum"[242].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium names "filius ducis Lotharingiæ Theodericus, ciuius pater dux Matheus…" when recording his installation as Bishop of Metz[243]Archdeacon 1163.  Provost of Saint-Dié 1165.  Provost of Saint-Gengoul 1166.  Primicerius at Toul and Archdeacon at Metz 1169.  Bishop of Metz 1174.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “filius ducis Lothoringiæ Theodericus” and the donation of “castrum suum Syrke...et Spinalensem advocatiam” made by “cuius pater dux Matheus[244]Bertha…Lotharingorum ducissa…et filii mei Theodericus, Simon Dux et Marchio, Fredericus, et junior eorum Matthæus, soror quoque ipsorum Aleidis Ducissa Burgundiæ” donated property to Mont Saint-Trinité, for the soul of "viri mei nobilis ducis Matthæi", by charter dated to [1177][245].  He was deposed as bishop of Metz in 1179. 

b)         FERRY I Duke of Lorraine.  Children: 

i)          FERRY II Duke of Lorraine.  Children: 

(1)       JACQUES de Lorraine (-24 Oct 1260, bur Metz Cathedral).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum Metensum episcopum, Theobaldum et Matheum duces et Regnaldum comitem de Castres" as sons of "Fridericum ducem Lotharingie"[246].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum epsicopum Metensem et Theobaldum et Matheum duces Lotharingie" as sons of "Friderici ducis Lotharingie" & his wife[247]The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium names "Iacobus Metensis episcopus, frater…Mathei ducis Lotharingie, ex patre Ferrico quondam duce Lothoringie de sorore comitis Barrensis" when recording his installation as Bishop of Metz[248]Canon and primicerius at Metz 1223-1239.  Archdeacon at Trier 1223.  Primicerius at Verdun 1230-1238.  Provost of St Lambert at Liège 1230-1237.  He was elected Bishop of Metz in Apr 1239.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1238 of “episcopus Iohannes Metensis” and the succession of “primicerius Iacobus frater ducis Lotharingiæ[249].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “Iacobus Metensis episcopus de regali prosapia frater...quondam Mathei ducis Lothoringie ex patre Ferrico quondam duce Lothoringie de sorore comitis Barrensis[250]

2.         ROBERT de Lorraine Seigneur de Floranges [Flörchingen].  Children: 

a)         PHILIPPE Seigneur de Floranges.  Children: 

i)          PHILIPPE de Floranges (-20 Dec 1297)Bishop of Metz 1261.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “Phillippus de Florehenges[251]

 

 

1.         BERTRAND (-6 Apr 1212).  Bishop of Metz 1180.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession in 1181 of “dominum Bertrannum de Saxoniæ partibus oriundum” and his acquisition of “castrum Bascurt[252]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1210 of “Bertrannus Metensis episcopus” after holding office for 33 years and the succession of “Conradus Spirensis episcopus imperatoris cancellarius[253]

 

 

1.         KONRAD (-1224, bur Speyer).  Bishop of Speyer.  Bishop of Metz 1212.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1210 of “Bertrannus Metensis episcopus” after holding office for 33 years and the succession of “Conradus Spirensis episcopus imperatoris cancellarius[254].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “domnus Conrardus...ex Theuthonicorum progenie ortum ducens...Spirensis episcopus et imperialis aule cancellarius”, his holding office for 12 years and his burial “in choro Spirensis ecclesie[255]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1224 that, after the death of “Conrado Spirensi et Metensi episcopo”, “Berengarius eiusdem ecclesie decanus” was made bishop of Speyer and “Virdunensis Iohannes postulatus” bishop of Metz[256]

 

 

1.         JEAN d´Aspremont, son of GEOFFROY [I] Seigneur d´Aspremont & his wife Isabelle de Dampierre (-10 Dec 1238, bur Metz)Bishop of Verdun 1217.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Iohannes de Aspero-monte” succeeded Robert as bishop of Verdun[257].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1217 of “Robertus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Iohannes de Aspero-monte, qui fundavit monasterium sancti Nicolai in Prato[258]Bishop of Metz 1224.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1224 that, after the death of “Conrado Spirensi et Metensi episcopo”, “Berengarius eiusdem ecclesie decanus” was made bishop of Speyer and “Virdunensis Iohannes postulatus” bishop of Metz[259].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “frater domini Asperi-montis dominus Iohannes”, his acquisition of “comes de Dauborc...feodum” from the count´s daughter and heiress, and “castra nobilia Saraborc...Albam, Truquestein et Herrestein...advocatiam de Marsal[260].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the abdication in 1224 of “Iohannes Virdunensis episcopus”, his transfer “ad episcopatum Mettensem”, and the succession of “Radulfus de Torta cantor de Lyon[261].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "XVII Kal Jun" of "Guido de Asperomonte", adding that he confirmed the donation of "Roure" made by "patre suo Jofrido" with the consent of "fratrum suorum J. episcopi nostri et Goberti domini de Duno"[262]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1238 of “episcopus Iohannes Metensis” and the succession of “primicerius Iacobus frater ducis Lotharingiæ[263].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the burial of “Iohannes” “in choro maioris ecclesie Metensis[264]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Traînel, son of --- (-1269).  Bishop of Metz .  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “Guillelmus de Triegnel” and his burial “in ecclesia fratrum Predicatorum Cathalaunensium[265]

 

 

1.         THIBAUT II Comte de Bar.  Children: 

a)         THIBAUT de Bar (-killed in battle Rome 26 May 1312, bur Rome St Peter's)Bishop of Metz 1296.  Bishop of Liège 1302. 

b)         RENAUD de Bar (-4 May 1316, bur Metz Cathedral).  Canon at Reims, Beauvais, Cambrai, Laon and Verdun.  Archdeacon at Brussels and Besançon.  Bishop of Metz 1302.  He was poisoned[266].

 

 

1.         LAURENCE (-1279).  Bishop of Metz 1270.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “Laurentius[267]

 

 

1.         JEAN [II] de Flandre, son of GUY Count of Flanders & his wife Mathilde de Béthune ([1250]-Anhève 14 Apr 1292, bur Flines-lez-Raches).  The Genealogia Comitum Flandriæ names (in order) "Robertum, Willelmum, Iohannem episcopum Leodiensum, Balduinem et Philippum" the sons of "Guido…ex Mathilde filia Roberti Tenremontensis"[268].  The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1291 of "Iohannes, filius Guidonis comitis Flandrie et Mathildis de Bethunia eius coniugis, episcopus Leodiensis" specifying his burial at "Felinis" {Flines-lez-Raches, near Douai}[269]Provost of St Donat at Bruges 1270.  Provost of St Pierre at Lille 1274/77.  Bishop of Metz 1279.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “filius comitis Flandrensis dominus Johannes” who was later transferred “ad Leodiensem ecclesiam[270]Bishop of Liège 1282.  A letter dated 13 Oct 1291 bears his seal[271].  The Biographie Nationale de Belgique records his death 14 Apr 1292 at Anhève but does not cite the corresponding primary source[272].  The early 17th century artist Antoine Succa sketched some details of his monument[273]

 

 

1.         BOUCHARD de Hainaut, son of JEAN Comte de Hainaut, Count of Holland & his wife Margareta of Holland (26 May 1251-29 Nov 1296).  The testament of "Aleidis germana felicis recordationis domini Willelmi Romanorum regis et uxor condam domini Johannis de Avennis", dated 18 Oct 1271, names "Buchardum filium meum prepositum Beate Marie Trajectensis"[274].  Canon at Cambrai and Liège 1282.  Provost of St Lambert at Liège 1286.  Provost at Maastricht.  Archdeacon of Louvain.  Bishop of Metz 1283.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “fratre comitis Hanonie domino Borchardo”, his death “pridie Kal Dec” in 1298, and burial “chori maioris Metensis ecclesie[275]

 

 

1.         GERARD de Relange, son of --- (-30 Jun 1302).  Archdeacon of Brabant.  Bishop of Cambrai .  Bishop of Metz 1297. 

 

 

1.         HENRI de Viennois, son of HUMBERT de la Tour du Pin et de Coligny, Dauphin de Viennois & his wife Anne Dauphine de Viennois [Bourgogne-Capet] (1296-after 17 Mar 1328)The Aymari Rivalli De Allobrogibus names "Joanni, Hugoni, Guigoni sive Guidoni, et Henrico" as the sons of "Humbertum Coliniacum et Turrem Pineam" and his wife Anne, adding that Henri was elected to "pontificatum Metensem"[276]Canon at Rouen, Clermont, Romans, Saint-Juste de Lyon and Cambrai 1308.  Archdeacon of Worcester 1312.  Bishop of Passau 1317.  Regent of Dauphiné 1319.  Bishop of Metz 1319, resigned 1325.  "Guigo dalphinus Viennensis et Albonis comes dominusque de Turre" wrote to "dom Hugoni Adhemarii condomino Montilii consanguineo nostro" regarding the transfer of "baroniam Medulionis" by "avunculo…nostro dom Henrico Dalphini, testamento…domini et genitoris nostri dom dalphini", by charter dated 6 Apr 1326[277]The testament of "Dom. Henricus Dalphinus, Montis-Albani et Medullionis Dom." is dated 17 Mar 1328, chose burial "in monasterio Saletarum Lugdunensis diocesis", bequeathed money to "Humberto Dalphini…nepoti suo…Guillermo bastardo de Turre…Dom. Henrico de Dreus" and appointed "nepotem suum dominum Guigonem Dalphinum Viennensem" as his universal heir[278]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         LOUIS de Poitiers, son of AIMAR [III] Comte de Valentinois & his first wife Hyppolyte de Bourgogne Dame de Saint-Vallier (after May 1277-Saou 16 Aug 1327)His parentage is confirmed by the testament of "Ludovicus de Pictavia Comes Valentinensis et Diensis", dated 23 May 1345, which donates property to the church of Viviers in memory of "Ludovicum episcopum Metensem patruum suum"[279]Deacon at Le Puy 1300.  Canon at Paris and Lyon.  Provost of Normandy 1302/1308.  Bishop of Viviers 1306, resigned 1318.  Bishop of Langres, pair de France 1320.  Bishop of Metz 1325. 

2.         SIBYLLE de Poitiersm HUGUES Adémar de Monteil.  Children: 

a)         ADHEMAR de Monteil (-12 May 1361)Bishop of Metz 1327. 

 

 

1.         JEAN de Vienne, son of --- (-13 Oct 1382).  Bishop of Metz 1361.

 

 

1.         DIETRICH von Boppard, son of --- (-Jan 1383).  Bishop of Metz 1382. 

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Luxembourg, son of GUY de Luxembourg Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife Mathilde de Châtillon (Ligny 20 Jul 1369-Avignon 2 Jul 1387).  Canon at Paris 1379.  Archdeacon of Brabant.  Archdeacon at Dreux 1382/87.  Bishop of Metz 1384.  Cardinal 1386.  Beatified 9 Apr 1527. 

 

 

1.         RAOUL de Coucy, son of RAOUL de Coucy Seigneur de Montmirail & his wife Jeanne d´Harcourt (-Mar 1424).  Bishop of Noyon 1415.  Bishop of Metz 1424. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    BISHOPS of TOUL

 

 

1.         DROGO (-28 Jan 922, bur Toul)Bishop of Toul [907].  Flodoard records in 922 the death of "Drogo episcopus de Tullo" and the succession of “Gauslinus[280]The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “domnus Drogo nobilissimus ortus natalibus” was appointed as bishop of Toul, held office for seven years, died “V Kal Feb”, and was buried “ante altare beati Petri apostoli infra civitatem[281]

 

 

1.         GAUCELIN, son of --- (-7 Sep 962)Bishop of Toul 922.  Flodoard records in 922 the death of "Drogo episcopus de Tullo" and the succession of “Gauslinus[282]The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium names "domnus Gauzlinus…qui Francorum nobili sanguine ortus in palatio inter regni procures est altus" when recording his appointment as Bishop of Toul in 922[283].  Gaucelin Bishop of Toul reformed the abbey of Saint-Evre by charter dated 936 witnessed by "Widonis comitis…"[284]

 

 

1.         GERARD, son of INGRAN & his wife Imma --- ([934/35]-22 Apr 994)Bishop of Toul 963.  The Vita Sancti Gerardi Epicopi records “Gerardus Agrippinensi oriundus regione...patre Ingranno matre Emma[285].  Gérard Bishop of Toul confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Mansuy by charter dated 982 witnessed by "…Azelini comitis Tullensis, fratris domni pontificis…"[286]

 

 

1.         STEFAN, son of [FOLMAR [III] Graf im Bliesgau & his wife Bertha ---] (-12 Mar 995)Bishop of Toul 994.  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “domnus Stephanus...nobili Parisiensium stirpe editus de Lineri villa” [Luneville] succeeded as bishop of Toul, held office “anno...et semis”, died “IV Id Mar...apud Bodonis monasterium” and was buried “apud Medianense cœnobium[287]

 

 

1.         ROBERT (-Milan 995, bur Milan).  Monk at Milan.  Bishop of Toul 995. 

 

 

1.         BERTHOLD (-25 Aug 1019).  Bishop of Toul 995.  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “domnus Bertoldus nobilissimus Alemannorum natalibus ortus” succeeded as bishop of Toul, held office for 22 years, and died “VIII Kal Sep[288]

 

 

1.         HERMANN (-Mar 1026, bur Köln St Gereon).  Canon at Köln.  Bishop of Toul 1019.  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “domnus Herimannus nobili Agrippinensium genere procreatus” succeeded as bishop of Toul and was buried “Kal Apr apud sanctum Gereonem...Coloniæ[289]

 

 

1.         BRUNO von Egisheim, son of HUGO [VIII] Graf im Nordgau und zu Egisheim & his wife Heilwig von Dagsburg (21 Jun 1002-Rome 19 Apr 1054)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "sancti Leonis pape" as son of "comes Hugo de Daburg"[290].  The Annales Argentinenses record the birth of "Leo Papa, qui et Bruno, de castro Egenheim" in 1002[291]The Annalista Saxo names Bruno "Conradi inperatoris consobrinus…oriundus de Alsatia ex castello…Egenesheim", when recording his election as Pope[292].  Bruno´s precise relationship with Emperor Konrad II has not been ascertained.  Canon at Toul.  Bishop of Toul 1027 until 1051.  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “Bruno”, who was later elected as Pope Leo IX, succeeded as bishop of Toul[293].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election of "Bruno Tullensis episcopus…filius comitis Hugonis Daburgensis" as Pope Leo IX[294].  He was elected as Pope LEO IX in 1049. 

 

1.         UDO, son of RICHWIN Comte de Charpeigne, Comte de Saintois & his wife Mathilde --- ([1019][295]-24 Jul 1069, bur Toul).  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “Udonis...pater eius...comes Riquinus ex Reubariorum regione ortus mater...eius Mathildis...ex Alemannia duxit genus” succeeded as bishop of Toul[296].  Bishop of Toul 1052.  "Richuini comitis Segintensis, Haimonis comitis, Arnulfi de Ignes, Odelrici de Novo-villare et fratris eius Herimanni, Arnulfi comitis de Sorceio, Everardi de Sorceio…Gosberti de Asperomonte…Wiselonis fratris Theoderici Virdunensis episcopi…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1052 under which Udon Bishop of Toul regulated the avouerie of the abbey of Bleurville[297]The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “Udonis” held office for 18 years, died “pridie Id Jul” and was buried “in suæ sedis ecclesia[298]

 

 

1.         POPPO, son of THIETMAR & his wife Dodica --- (-24 Nov 1107).  Canon at Alberstadt.  Canon at Mainz.  Gallia Christiana records the appointment of “natione Saxonicus Pibo vel Poppo...patrem...Theotmarum et matrem Duguercam al. Udicam...primum...canonicus in ecclesia Alberstadiensi, tum in Moguntinensi” in 1070[299]Bishop of Toul 1070.  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium records that “Pibo...patre Thietmaro matre...Dudicha...de terra Saxonum oriundus” succeeded as bishop of Toul, held office for 38 years, and died “VIII Kal Dec” 1107[300]

 

 

1.         RICHWIN, son of RICHWIN de Commercy & his wife Leukardis d’Aspremont (-Feb 1126).  Gallia Christiana records the appointment of “de Commerceio...Riquinum et Leucardam gente Asperi-montis prognatam Riquinus” in 1107[301]Bishop of Toul

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         HENRI de Lorraine, son of THIERRY II Duke of Lorraine & his second wife Gertrude de Flandre (-6 Jun 1165, bur Toul Cathedral).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the appointment of "Henricus…frater ducis Simonis de Nanceio et illius qui postea fuit comes Flandrensis" as Bishop of Toul in 1126[302]William of Tyre names him as brother of Thierry I Count of Flanders when recording his presence with Konrad II King of Germany in Palestine in 1148[303].  He was elected Bishop of Toul in Mar 1126, installed at Metz in Jul 1126. 

2.         SIMON I Duke of Lorraine.  Children:

a)         MATHIEU I Duke of Lorraine.  Children:

i)          FERRY II Duke of Lorraine.  Children: 

(1)       MATHIEU de Lorraine (-murdered near Nompatelize 16 May 1217).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Canon at Saint-Dié 1178.  Canon at Toul 1178/79.  Archdeacon at Toul and Provost of Saint-Dié 1188.  He was elected Bishop of Toul end-1198.  He was deposed in 1207 for having dissipated the assets of the bishopric.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1210 that “apud Tullum...Matheus...episcopus, reum ecclesie dilapidator conprobatus” was deposed and succeeded by “Reinaldus comitis Barri consanguineus frater Guidonis buticularii Silvanectensis[304]He retired to Saint-Dié from where he led a life of brigandage.  He ambushed and murdered his successor Renaud de Senlis Bishop of Toul in Apr 1217, for which his nephew Thibaut Duke of Lorraine murdered him by his own hand[305].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1217 that “episcopus Tullensis Renaldus” was killed by “predecessore suo...episcopo Matheo...IV Id Apr”, adding that Mathieu was placed “in scrinio” and raised high up in a tree[306]The Chronica Senoniensis record the murder of “Præpositus Maherus[307]. 

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Bourlemont, son of PIERRE [I] de Brixey & his wife --- (-Jerusalem 1192, bur Jerusalem).  Canon at Toul 1152.  Archdeacon of Toul 1156.  Bishop of Toul 1165. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         EUDES de Vaudémont, son of HUGUES [I] Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Aigeline [Aline] de Bourgogne [Capet] (-23 or 27 Nov 1198, bur Toul Cathedral).  Archdeacon of Toul.  Gerardi comitis Wadanimontis” donated property to the church of Beaupré, with the consent of “fratris sui Odonis Tullensis archidiaconi”, by charter dated 1186[308]Bishop of Toul 1192.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1192 the appointment of "apud Tullum...Odo episcopus frater comitis Gerardi de Wandanimonte"[309]

2.         GERARD [II] Comte de VaudémontChildren: 

a)         GERARD de Vaudémont (-1219).  Canon at Toul.  Archdeacon and thesaurarius of Toul.  Primicerius of Metz.  Bishop of Toul 1218.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1219 of “Gerardus Metensis primicerius frater comitis Hugonis de Waudani Monte, in episcopum Tullensem electus” and the succession of “cantor Odo” as bishop[310]

 

 

1.         RENAUD de Senlis, son of GUY [III] de Senlis Seigneur de Chantilly & his wife Marguerite de Clermont (-murdered 10 Apr 1217)"Guido Ludovici…regis Francie buticularius" donated property to Chaalis, with the consent of "uxoris mee Margarite et filiorum meorum Guidonis, Willelmi, Rainaldi, Nivelonis et filie mee Adeline", by charter dated 1180[311]Bishop of Toul 1207.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1210 that “apud Tullum...Matheus...episcopus, reum ecclesie dilapidator conprobatus” was deposed and succeeded by “Reinaldus comitis Barri consanguineus frater Guidonis buticularii Silvanectensis[312].  He was murdered by his predecessor Mathieu ex-Bishop of Toul.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1217 that “episcopus Tullensis Renaldus” was killed by “predecessore suo...episcopo Matheo...IV Id Apr”, adding that Mathieu was placed “in scrinio” and raised high up in a tree[313]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         EUDES de Sorcy, son of HUGUES Seigneur de Sorcy & his wife Bartholomea d´Aspremont (-11 May 1230).  Gallia Christiana records the appointment of “cantor ecclesiæ Tullensis Odo, patrem...Hugonem dominum Sorceii ad Mosam...matrem...Bartholomæum, quam Goberti de Aspero-monte filiam dicunt” in 1218[314]Bishop of Toul 1218.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1219 of “Gerardus Metensis primicerius frater comitis Hugonis de Waudani Monte, in episcopum Tullensem electus” and the succession of “cantor Odo” as bishop[315]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1228 of “episcopus Odo Tullensis” and the succession of “abbas Garinus Sancti Apri senex et emeritus[316]

2.         [--- .  If “nepos”, in the extract from Gallia Christiana quoted below, is used in the strict sense of nephew, one of Bishop Gille’s parents was the sibling of Bishop Eudes.]  m ---.  Children: 

a)         GILLE ([1235/36]-Sep 1271).  Gallia Christiana records the appointment of “Odonis de Sorceio episcopi...nepos Egidius seu Gilo, præbenda quindecim tantummodo natus annos” in 1252[317]Bishop of Toul 1252. 

 

 

1.         GARIN (-after 1230).  Abbot of Saint-Evre [Epure-lez-Toul].  Bishop of Toul 1228.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1228 of “episcopus Odo Tullensis” and the succession of “abbas Garinus Sancti Apri senex et emeritus[318]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1230 that “apud Tullum episcopus Garinus” was deposed and “magister Rogerus primicerius Virdunensis” was made bishop[319]

 

 

[Two siblings]: 

1.         ALBERT de Marcey, son of --- (-14 Apr 1162, bur Verdun)Bishop of Verdun 1156.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Albertus de Merceio” [Marcie near Longwy] succeeded Adalbero [III] as bishop of Verdun, died in 1162 and was buried “in nostro monasterio[320]

2.         [---.  m ---.]  [One child:] 

a)         [PIERRE d’Ostenge [de Marcey] .  If “nepos”, in the extract from Gallia Christiana quoted below, is used in the strict sense of nephew, Bishop Roger’s father was the brother of Bishop Albert.  However, the chronology suggests an intervening generation.]  m ---.  Children: 

i)          ROGER de Marcey (-1 Jan 1252)Gallia Christiana records the appointment of “Rogeri...primicerius Virdunensis, filius...Petri d’Ostenge, dynastæ de Marceio in Barrensi ducatu, neposque Alberti Virdunensis episcopi” in 1231[321]Bishop of Toul 1231.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1230 that “apud Tullum episcopus Garinus” was deposed and “magister Rogerus primicerius Virdunensis” was made bishop[322]

 

 

1.         KONRAD [von Tübingen], son of --- (-May 1296).  Gallia Christiana records that “Conradus Probus” was born “loco Tubingæ diœcesis Wirtembergensis in Germania[323].  This wording suggests that Konrad was not a member of the comital family of Tübingen.  Bishop of Toul 1271. 

 

 

1.         JEAN (-1305).  Bishop of Toul 1296. 

 

 

1.         GUY (-1306).  Bishop of Toul 1305. 

 

 

1.         OTHON de Grandson, son of JACQUES de Grandson Seigneur de Belmont & his wife --- (-1309)Gallia Christiana records the election in 1306 of “Othonem scholasticum Tullensem, Bisuntinum archidiaconum et Virdunensem canonicum” as bishop of Toul, adding that “patruis habuit Gerardum et Henricum de Granson Virdunenses episcopos[324]Bishop of Toul 1306.  Bishop of Basel 1306.  Gallia Christiana records his transfer to the bishopric of Basel[325]

 

 

1.         ODO de Colonna, son of --- (-after [1309]).  Gallia Christiana records the election in 1307 of “nobilis Romanus Odo” as bishop of Toul and his subsequent abdication[326]Bishop of Toul 1307.  Abdicated [1309]

 

 

1.         JEAN d´Arzillières, son of GUILLAUME Seigneur d´Arzillières & his first wife Agnes de Plancy (-Avignon 1320, bur Avignon).  Gallia Christiana records the nomination in 1309 of “in Campania gente satus Johannes filius Guillelmi militis baronis d’Arzilières et Agnetis de Plancy, archidiaconus de Portu et canonicus Catalaunensis” as bishop of Toul, adding that he refused installation and was proposed as a candidate to the bishopric of Strasbourg before finalling being appointed to Toul in 1313[327].  Archdeacon of Porto.  Canon at Châlons-sur-Marne 1308[328]Bishop of Toul

 

 

1.         AMEDEE de Genève, son of AMEDEE [II] Comte de Genève & his wife Agnes de Chalon [Bourgogne-Comté] ([1294]-22 Apr 1330)"Amedeus Geben comes" granted property to the Chartreuse d'Oujon, with the consent of "filii eius Guillermus et Amedeus", by charter dated to [1290/1308][329]Canon at Geneva, Lyon and Langres 1306.  Canon at Köln and Mainz 1310.  Canon at Paris, Vienne, Valence and Viviers 1318.  Gallia Christiana records the appointment in 1321 of “Amedei II cognomento Vetuli Genevæ comitis ex Anna Cabilonensi filius Amedeus” as bishop of Toul[330]Bishop of Toul 1321.  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "22 Apr" of "Amedeus episcopus"[331]

 

 

1.         THOMAS d´Anglure de Bourlemont, son of JEAN Solhadino d’Anglure & his wife Jeanne de Bourlemont (-Apr 1353).  Gallia Christiana records the election in 1330 of “Thomas...pagi Bassiniaci Francici, per Johannam de Bourlemont unicam Henrici de Bourlemont filiam, matrimonio conjuncto cum Johanne Solhadino d’Anglure” as bishop of Toul[332]Bishop of Toul 1330. 

 

 

1.         BERTRAND de la Tour, son of BERTRAND [VI] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Isabelle de Lévis ([1330]-14 May 1382)Gallia Christiana records the election in 1355 of “Bertrandus...ætatis suæ 26 filius...Bertrandi IV domini de Turre et Isabellæ de Levis” as bishop of Toul[333]Bishop of Toul 1355.  Bishop of Le Puy 1361.  "Bertrandus de Turre...Tullensis episcopus" named “Bertrandum dominum de Turre et dominam Yzabellem de Levys dominam dicti loci progenitores nostros” in his charter dated 21 Sep 1355[334].  Bishop of Le Puy 1361. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    BISHOPS of VERDUN

 

 

1.         HILDIN (-Jan 847).  Bishop of Verdun 822.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 847 of “Hildinus Virdunensis episcopus” and the succession of “Hatto[335]

 

 

1.         HATTO (-1 Jan 870).  Monk at Auxerrre Saint-Germain.  Bishop of Verdun 847.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 847 of “Hildinus Virdunensis episcopus” and the succession of “Hatto[336].  Hincmar names “...Atto episcopus Bardunensis...” as one of the bishops present when Lothaire II King of Lotharingia accepted the return of his wife Teutberga in 865[337]

 

 

Two [siblings]: 

1.         BERHARD (-“monasterio Theologiensi” 2 Jan 880).  Bishop of Verdun 870.  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "IV Non Jan" of "Berhardus episcopus"[338]Gallia Christiana records his death in Jan 880 and burial “in monasterio Theologiensi[339]

2.         [ROTRUDGallia Christiana records the succession as bishop of Verdun in 881 of “nepos...Berhardi Dado[340].  Assuming that the term “nepos” was used its strict sense of nephew, one of Dado’s parents was Berhard’s sibling, although a more distant family relationship cannot be excluded.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "avunculo nostro [Dado] domino Berhardo episcopo"[341]: assuming that “avunculus” was used in its strict sense of maternal uncle, the relationship with Berhard was through Dado’s mother.  m RADALD, son of ---.]  Radald & his wife had four children: 

a)         ADALBERTThe Liber Memorialis of Remiremont names "Domini Dadoni episcopi cum genitore Radaldo et matri Rotrude sororibusque Uuilburch et Lantsint cum fratre Adelberto et filiis suis"[342]m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Adalbert & his wife had --- children: 

i)          children .  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont names "Domini Dadoni episcopi cum genitore Radaldo et matri Rotrude sororibusque Uuilburch et Lantsint cum fratre Adelberto et filiis suis"[343]

b)         DADO (-7 Oct [920 or 923]).  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont names "Domini Dadoni episcopi cum genitore Radaldo et matri Rotrude sororibusque Uuilburch et Lantsint cum fratre Adelberto et filiis suis", another passage listing (in order) "Dadoni episcopi benefactorum loci huius, Berhardi episcopi atque Attonis, Rodoldi, Rutrude, Uuilhardis, Lansendis, Humberti et omni grege predicti episcopi Virdunenensium Dadoni…cum omnibus consanguineus illius"[344].  Flodoard names "Bernuino, Dadonis episcopi nepoti"[345].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium names "avunculo nostro [Dado] domino Berhardo episcopo"[346]Gallia Christiana records the succession as bishop of Verdun in 881 of “nepos...Berhardi Dado[347]Bishop of Verdun 880.  “...Deth Virdunensis...” is among those recorded as present at the synod of Mainz in 888[348].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 920 of “Dado episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Bernoynus[349]Flodoard records in 923 the death of "Dado Virdunensium episcopus[350].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "Non Oct DCCCCXX" of "Dado episcopus Virdunensis"[351]The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "Non Oct" of "Dado virdun. episcopus"[352]

c)         WILLIBURGThe Liber Memorialis of Remiremont names "Domini Dadoni episcopi cum genitore Radaldo et matri Rotrude sororibusque Uuilburch et Lantsint cum fratre Adelberto et filiis suis"[353]

d)         LANTSIND (-7 Mar ----).  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont names "Domini Dadoni episcopi cum genitore Radaldo et matri Rotrude sororibusque Uuilburch et Lantsint cum fratre Adelberto et filiis suis"[354].  Her marriage is confirmed by Flodoard naming "Bernuino, Dadonis episcopi nepoti"[355], Bishop Dado being Lantsind's brother and Bernuin her son, read together with the Vita of Johannes von Gorze which names "[Adelbert] cum fratris Bernuini Virdunensis episcopi"[356].  The Liber Memorialis of Remiremont records the death "Non Mar" of "Lantsquent"[357]m MATFRIED Graf [von Metz], son of --- (-19 Aug [930]). 

i)          BERNOIN (-939)The Vita of Johannes von Gorze names "[Adelbert] cum fratris Bernuini Virdunensis episcopi"[358].  Flodoard names "Bernuino, Dadonis episcopi nepoti"[359], referring to Bernoin's maternal uncle as explained above.  Gallia Christiana records the succession as bishop of Verdun in 925 of “Bernuinum Dadonis nepotem, comitis Adelberti germanum[360]Bishop of Verdun 925.  Flodoard records in 925 that "Heinrico” appointed “Bernuino Dadonis episcopi nepoti” to “episcopium Virdunense” after expelling “Hugone presbitero” the appointee of “Rodulfus[361]The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 920 of “Dado episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Bernoynus[362].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 941 of “Bernoinus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Berengarius Ottonis imperatoris consanguineus[363]

 

 

1.         HUGUES [I] (-after 925).  Bishop of Verdun 923.  Flodoard records in 923 the death of "Dado Virdunensium episcopus” and that “Hugoni” was granted “episcopatus eius ab Rodulfo rege” and consecrated at Reims by Archbishop Seulf[364].  Flodoard records in 925 that "Heinrico” appointed “Bernuino Dadonis episcopi nepoti” to “episcopium Virdunense” after expelling “Hugone presbitero” the appointee of “Rodulfus[365]

 

 

1.         BERENGAR, son of --- (-11 Aug [958 or 959])Bishop of Verdun 939.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 941 of “Bernoinus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Berengarius Ottonis imperatoris consanguineus[366].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "III Id Aug" of "Berengerus episcopus qui dedit fratribus Beslanevillam"[367]The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "II Id Aug DCCCCLIX" of "dominus Berengarius episcopus Virdunensis"[368]The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 958 of “Berengarius episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Wicfridus qui fundavit ecclesiam sancti Pauli Virdun[369]

 

 

1.         WICFRID, son of --- (-31 Aug or 1 Sep 983 or 984 or 986)Bishop of Verdun 980.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 958 of “Berengarius episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Wicfridus qui fundavit ecclesiam sancti Pauli Virdun[370].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that "Wicfridus episcopus" was "de Bawariorum partibus vir Teutonicus"[371].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "Pridie Kal Aug" of "Winfridus episcopus qui dedit fratribus Beslanc"[372]The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "II Kal Sep" of "Wicfridus episcopus Virdunensis"[373]The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 986 of “Wicfridus” and the succession of “Adelbero[374]

 

 

1.         HUGO [II] (-[984]).  Gallia Christiana records the succession as bishop of Verdun in 984 of “Hugo quidam clerus” and his immediate withdrawal[375]Bishop of Verdun

 

 

1.         ADALBERO [II], son of GODEFROI Comte de Verdun & his wife Mechtild of Saxony (-in Italy 18 Apr 988, bur Verdun Cathedral)"Adalberonem…episcopum, Fredericum et Herimannum comites, Godefridum atque Gozelonem" are named (in order) as the five sons of "comiti Godefrido" and "Mathildis Saxoniæ comitissa" in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium[376]He was appointed Bishop of Verdun in 984 by his uncle Adalbero Bishop of Reims, which triggered the latter's dispute with Lothaire King of the West Franks as the appointment was made without the king's permission[377]The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 986 of “Wicfridus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Adelbero[378].  "Adalbero, filius comitis Godefridi" is named in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, when recording his appointment as Bishop of Verdun[379].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "episcopum Virdunensem Alberonem, comitem Fridericum…comitem de Daburc Hermannum…et duos duces Godefridum et Gothelonem" as sons of "Godefridi Ardennensis" and his wife Mechtild, recording in an earlier passage the election of "alter Adalbero, filius comitis Godefridi" as Bishop of Verdun in 984[380].  The earlier paragraph also records the appointment at the same time of "Adalbero filius Friderici ducis" as Bishop of Metz, making it clear that the two were different persons, disproving the assertion in Poull[381].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Mai" of "Adelbero episcopus virdun. ecclesie"[382]Adalbero died in Italy, his body being brought back by his brother "comite Frederico" and buried in Verdun Cathedral[383]

 

 

1.         HEIMO (-Apr 1024, bur Verdun St Maur).  Gallia Christiana records the succession as bishop of Verdun in 988 of “nobilis Bavarus Heymo[384]Bishop of Verdun 988.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 990 of “Adelbero episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Heymo qui fundavit monasterium monialium sancti Mauri[385].  An epitaph at “monasterio S. Mauri“ records the burial of “Heymo hujus sedis episcopus” who died “XI Kal Mai[386]

 

 

1.         RAIMBERT (-Belgrade 1038).  Bishop of Verdun 1024.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1025 of “Heymo episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Raymbertus qui fundavit monasterium sancti Agerici[387]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         RICHARD [I], son of HILDRAD [Hezelin] Comte & his wife Hersende --- ([1015]-7 Nov 1046, bur Verdun).  "Hildradus cognomento Hescelinus comes" donated property "Bolruuel" for "Hercendis uxoris mee, Richardi quoque filii mei quem ad clericatus" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated 1020, subscribed by "Albrici nepotis mei"[388].  The reference to "filii mei" rather than "filii nostri" in this document suggests that Richard was not the child of Hildrad by his marriage to Hersendis.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records a donation by Richard Bishop of Verdun "pro anima patris sui comitis Hildradi qui cognomentus est Hecelinus"[389]Bishop of Verdun 1039.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1039 of “Raymbertus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Richardus[390].  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed the foundation and possessions of the convent of Maria Magdalena at Verdun by charter dated 16 Jun 1040, on the petition of "Ricardi Virdunensis ecclesiæ presulis,…quodam suæ dioceseos clerico Ermenfrido, …tempore patris sui Heizelini comitis", which records donations by "Beroldi…quod imprimis eius pater comes Hezelinus…tradidit…[et] Guota per manus mariti sui Gotefridi ducis…aliud etiam de Ionvilla quæ dedit Adelaidis comitissa"[391].  The Chronicon Hugonis records that "Hildradus comes" offered "Richardum filium suum post episcopum" to the church and died in Galilee[392]The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "VII Id MXLVI" of "dominus Richardus episcopus Virdunensis"[393]

2.         HERMANN Comtem JUDITH, daughter of ---.  Children: 

a)         RICHARD [II] (-1114).  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records the installation of "Richardus Virdunensem archidiaconum" as Bishop of Verdun, specifying that he also governed the county of Grandpré after the deaths of "fratre Heinrico comite…et altero fratre Balduino"[394]Bishop of Verdun 1107.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1107 of “Richerus episcopus” and the succession of “Richardus[395]

b)         ALIX de Grandprém GODEFROI Comte de Durbuy [Namur].  Children: 

i)          RICHARD [III] de Durbuy, son of GODEFROI Comte de Durbuy [Namur] & his wife Alix de Grandpré (-1171).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Richardum Laudunensem atque Virdunensem archidiaconum, fratrem quoque eius Henricum et sororem eius Adelidem sanctimonialem" as children of "Godefrido de Durbuil" & his wife[396].   Archdeacon of Laon.  Bishop of Verdun 1163.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Richardus...cognomento Infans” Albert de Marcie as bishop of Verdun, and made “transmarinum iter[397].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1171 of “Richardus electus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Arnoldus[398]

 

 

1.         THIERRY, son of --- (-Apr 1088).  Provost of Basel.  Bishop of Verdun 1046.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1046 of “Richardus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Theodericus[399]"Theodericus…Vidunensis ecclesiæ episcopum" confirmed the property of Verdun la Madeleine, including the donation of "ecclesi…Villare" by "frater meus Albertus comes", by charter dated 1047[400]The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that “Theodericus...natura Teutonicus et Basiliensis ecclesiæ fuerat canonicus” succeeded Richard as bishop of Verdun and held office for 43 years[401]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         RICHER (-1107).  Bishop of Verdun 1088.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that “decanus Metensis ecclesiæ Richerus” succeeded Dietrich as bishop of Verdun and that “fratres suos Albertum, Bezelinum et Iohannem viros nobilissimos” swore homage and gave hostages[402].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1088 of “Theodericus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Richerus[403].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1107 of “Richerus episcopus” and the succession of “Richardus[404]

2.         ANSELM (-12 Apr ----).  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "Id Apr" of "dominus Anselmus miles frater domini Richeri episcopi qui nobis dedit vineam unam apud Arcs"[405]

 

 

1.         HENRY (-after 1129).  Archdeacon of Winchester.  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Willielmus Wintoniensis episcopus" donated "locum sui hospitii...extra murum civitatis Wintoniæ" to Abingdon, dated to [5 Aug 1114/4 Aug 1115], subscribed by "Henricus archidiaconus eiusdem episcopi, Stephanus archidiaconus, Richerus et Alfricus archidiaconi"[406]Bishop of Verdun 1117.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the succession in 1116 of “episcopus Heinricus Virdunensis[407].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that “Heinricus...Guintoniensis Angliæ archidiaconus”, who had arrived with “filia regis Anglorum Mathilde quam duxerat rex Romanorum”, succeeded Richer as bishop of Verdun[408].  [Poull identifies this person as Henri de Blois, son of Etienne Comte de Blois and his wife Adela de Normandie[409].  He adds that "Heinricus" was chaplain to Empress Matilda, citing the Gesta: the text does not specify precisely that he held this position, but it is implied.  Matilda left England for Germany in early 1110, and was married to Emperor Heinrich V until early 1114.  If the estimated birth date of Henri de Blois is correctly shown as [1098/99] in the document CENTRAL FRANCE-BLOIS TOURS, it is unlikely that he would have accompanied the future empress as early 1110, and even less likely that he became the empress´s chaplain at that time.  However, given the tense relations which existed between Emperor Heinrich V and the church, it is not impossible that the former made the appointment whatever the age of his appointee.  No other person "Henry archdeacon of Winchester" has yet been identified.]  The Gesta continues by recording that "Heinricus", on the recommendation of Emperor Heinrich V, was elected Bishop of Verdun in 1118 but could not be consecrated due to the ongoing dispute between the papacy and the empire regarding lay investiture[410].  The Pope arranged his consecration in Milan by cardinal John of Cremona, but the emperor forbade the inhabitants of Verdun from receiving him and he took refuge in the fortress of Hattonchatel.  He was finally installed in 1120 with the military support of Renaud Comte [de Bar], Comte de Verdun, but was expelled in 1123 by Henri Comte de Grandpré who stormed Verdun on the orders of Emperor Heinrich V.  Bishop Henri escaped by swimming across the river Meuse.  He was reinstalled as bishop following the peace of Chalade signed between Renaud de Bar and the emperor in 1124, but left after the death of Pope Calixtus[411].  The Gesta makes no reference to the subsequent fate of "Heinricus".  Abdicated 1129.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that “Heinricus” was forced to abdicate as bishop of Verdun after holding office for 13 years[412]

 

 

1.         URSIO (-1149).  Bishop of Verdun 1129.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that “Ursionem abbatem sancti Dyonisii Remensis” was elected as bishop of Verdun[413].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the election in 1129 of “Orsio abbas Sancti Dionisii Remensis”, and his abdication in 1131[414]

 

 

1.         ADALBERO de Chiny, son of ARNOUL Comte de Chiny & his third wife Agnes --- (-1156)Bishop of VerdunThe Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium records that “dominum Alberonem ecclesiæ suæ archidiaconum filium Arnulfi comitis Chisneiensium” was elected Bishop of Verdun, dated to 1131[415].  Abdicated 1153/56.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Albero...episcopus” resigned his bishopric and retired to “claustrum sancti Pauli Virdunensis Premonstratensis ordinis” where he died in 1158 and was buried “in maiore ecclesia beate Marie[416]

2.         ALBERT Comte de Chiny.  Children:   

a)         ARNOUL de Chiny (-killed Sainte-Ménehould 14 Aug 1181, bur Verdun Notre-Dame).  Thesaurarius of Verdun.  Bishop of Verdun 1172.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1171 of “Richardus electus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Arnoldus[417].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Arnulphus” succeeded Richard as bishop of Verdun, but was killed when “miles Albertus...cognomento Pichot dominus de Sancta Manehilde” invaded the bishopric of Verdun in 1181 and was buried “in maiore ecclesia beate Marie[418].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1181 of “Arnoldus episcopus Virdunensis” shot in the head by an arrow “ante castrum Sancta Manehulde[419]

b)         ALIX de Chinym as his second wife, MANASSES de Hierges.  Children: 

i)          ALBERT [II] de Hierges (-killed 25/26 Jul 1208)Bishop of Verdun 1186.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the abdication in 1186 of “Henricus” and the succession of “Albertus[420].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the installation as Bishop of Verdun of "Albertus de Hirgis nepos ex sorore episcopi Arnulfi et comitis de Cisneio Ludovici et Theoderici de Marleriis", recalling that he had a brother "Ludowicum qui longo tempore fuit abbas Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis"[421].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record that “Albertus episcopus” was killed (“lancea interemptus”) in 1208 and succeeded by “Robertus primicerius[422]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1208 “apud Virdunum inter clericos et laicos grave...discordie” which resulted in the mortal wounding of “eorum episcopus Albertus de Hirges[423]

c)         IDA de Chinym GOBERT [V] Seigneur d´Aspremont.  Children: 

i)          GEOFFROY [I] Seigneur d´AspremontChildren: 

(a)       JEAN [I] d´Aspremont (-Dec 1238)Bishop of Verdun 1217.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Iohannes de Aspero-monte” succeeded Robert as bishop of Verdun[424].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1217 of “Robertus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Iohannes de Aspero-monte, qui fundavit monasterium sancti Nicolai in Prato[425]Bishop of Metz 1224.  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “frater domini Asperi-montis dominus Iohannes”, his acquisition of “comes de Dauborc...feodum” from the count´s daughter and heiress, and “castra nobilia Saraborc...Albam, Truquestein et Herrestein...advocatiam de Marsal[426].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the abdication in 1224 of “Iohannes Virdunensis episcopus”, his transfer “ad episcopatum Mettensem”, and the succession of “Radulfus de Torta cantor de Lyon[427].  The necrology of Verdun Cathedral records the death "XVII Kal Jun" of "Guido de Asperomonte", adding that he confirmed the donation of "Roure" made by "patre suo Jofrido" with the consent of "fratrum suorum J. episcopi nostri et Goberti domini de Duno"[428].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio) records the burial of “Iohannes” “in choro maioris ecclesie Metensis[429]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         ALBERT [I] de Marcey (-14 Apr 1162, bur Verdun)Bishop of Verdun 1156.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Albertus de Merceio” [Marcie near Longwy] succeeded Adalbero [III] as bishop of Verdun, died in 1162 and was buried “in nostro monasterio[430]

2.         ---.  m ---.  Children: 

a)         ROGER de Marcey (-1 Jan 1252).  Bishop of Toul 1231.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1230 that “apud Tullum episcopus Garinus” was deposed and “magister Rogerus primicerius Virdunensis” was made bishop[431]

 

 

1.         HEINRICH von Bliescastel, son of FOLMAR [I] Graf von Bliescastel & his wife Clementia von Metz (-1196, bur Liège Saint-Lambert).  Canon at Liège Saint-Lambert.  Bishop of Verdun 1181.  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Henricus de Castris” succeeded Arnoul as bishop of Verdun[432].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the abdication in 1186 of “Henricus” and the succession of “Albertus[433]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1187 that "Henricus...de Castris" abdicated as bishop of Verdun and went to Liège (“Leodium venit”) where he died after some years and was buried “in ecclesia beati Lamberti[434].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the abdication of “Henricus de Castris Virdunensis episcopus”, his retirement to Liège and his burial “in ecclesia sancti Lamberti ubi prius canonicus fuerat[435]

 

 

1.         ROBERT [I] de Grandpré, son of HENRI [II] Comte de Grandpré & his wife Liutgard de Luxembourg (-1217)Bishop of Verdun 1208.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1208 that “Robertus primicerius patruus comitis de Grandiprato” succeeded as bishop of Verdun “post multas altercaciones, sive iuste, sive iniuste” after “episcopus Albertus de Hirges” was killed[436].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records that “Albertum thesaurarium” and “Robertum de Grandi-prato” were chosen as bishop of Verdun by different factions, and that Albert was favoured “in curia imperatoris” but was killed, leaving the succession to “Robertus primicerius[437].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record that “Albertus episcopus” was killed (“lancea interemptus”) in 1208 and succeeded by “Robertus primicerius[438]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1217 of “episcopi Robertus Virdunensis, Philippus Belvacensis, Renaldus Carnotensis[439].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1217 of “Robertus episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Iohannes de Aspero-monte, qui fundavit monasterium sancti Nicolai in Prato[440]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         RAOUL de Thourotte, son of JEAN [II] de Thourotte Châtelain de Noyon & his wife Odette de Dampierre (-Apr 1245).  "Johannes castellanus Noviomi et Thorote" donated property “in bosco...Oresmox...inter Floocourt et calceiam de Behencourt...in silva Esge” to the abbey of Notre-Dame d'Ourscamp, with the consent of “Odotha uxor mea et liberi mei Guido, Willelmus, Johannes, Radulfus, Aalidis et Ermengardis”, by charter dated 1199[441]Johannes castellanus Noviomi et Thorote” donated revenue to Saint-Amand for the anniversary of “Odote uxoris mee”, with the consent of “Guido filius meus primogenitus et filii mei Willelmus, Johannes, Radulfus, Walterus et Robertus et filie mei Aelis, Ermengardis et Helwidis”, by charter dated 1212[442]Bishop of Verdun 1224.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the abdication in 1224 of “Iohannes Virdunensis episcopus” and the succession of “Radulfus de Torta cantor de Lyon[443].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Guidonem et Iohannem de Torota" as the children of "Alaydis [filia comitem de Brana Robertum domnum]" and her third husband, specifying that Jean was father of "Iohannis et Rodulfi Virdunensis et Roberti Ledodiensis episcoporum"[444]The testament of Johannes castellanus Noviomensis et Thorote”, dated 27 Dec 1235, appointed as executors “Viridunensis Lingonensis Epos filios meos...[445].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1245 of “Radulfus Virdunensis episcopus[446]

2.         --- .  Assuming that the term “nepos” was used its strict sense of nephew in Gallia Christiana (quoted below), one of Jean’s parents was the sibling of Bishop Raoul.  m ---.  Children: 

a)         JEAN [II] de Asse (-10 Aug 1252).  Gallia Christiana records the appointment as bishop of Verdun in 1247 of “stirpe de Asse Virdunensis pagi, familiis Hollandiæ et Asperomontii affinitate...ortus Johannes, Radulfi de Torota Virdunensis et Robert Leodiensis episcoporum nepos[447]Bishop of Verdun 1247.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1245 of “Radulfus Virdunensis episcopus”, the succession of “Guido de Triagnel” who died in the same year, and the succession of “Guido de Melloto” who was transferred to the bishopric of Auxerre in the same year and was succeeded by “Iohannes de Aix[448].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1253 of “Iohannes d´Aix electus Virdunensis diaconus” and the succession of “Iacobus archidiaconus Laudunensis...natione Gallicus ex civitate Trecensi[449]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] de Mello Seigneur de Saint-Brism ELISABETH, daughter of ---.  Children: 

a)         GUY [II] de Mello (-1270). Bishop of Verdun [1246].  The Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium (Continuatio) records the succession of “Guido de Melloto” as bishop of Verdun, naming his parents “pater...Guillelmus de Melloto miles dominus castri Sancti Prisci...mater eius de prosapia dominorum Montis Sancti Iohannis[450].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1245 of “Radulfus Virdunensis episcopus”, the succession of “Guido de Triagnel” who died in the same year, and the succession of “Guido de Melloto” who was transferred to the bishopric of Auxerre in the same year[451].  Bishop of Auxerre 1247.  “G...episcopus Autissiod.”, as executor of the testament of “genitoris nostri domini Guillelmi de Melloto quondam domini S. Prisci militis”, donated property to Pontigny, with the consent of “nepotis nostri Drogonis de Melloto domini S. Prisci”, to found anniversaries for “predicti genitoris nostri...matris nostre quondam uxoris eiusdem...patrui nostri domini Drogonis de Melloto quondam domini Lochiarum” by charter dated Mar 1261[452].  A charter dated 1270 records the testament of "bone memorie G. de Melloto quondam Autissiod. episcopi" dated Oct 1265 and the codicil dated 1270[453]

2.         AGNES de Mello .  m GARNIER [III] Seigneur de Traînel.  Children: 

a)         GUY [I] de Traînel (-1245)"Garnerius de Triangulo dominus Marigniaci, Ansellus de Triangulo dominus de Vicinis et Guido de Triangulo decanus Laudunensis, fratres" approved the donation made to Scellières by "leur frère Dreux seigneur de Trainel" by charter dated May 1235[454]Bishop of Verdun 1245.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1245 of “Radulfus Virdunensis episcopus”, the succession of “Guido de Triagnel” who died in the same year, and the succession of “Guido de Melloto” who was transferred to the bishopric of Auxerre in the same year and was succeeded by “Iohannes de Aix[455]

 

 

1.         JACQUES (-2 Oct 1264).  Bishop of Verdun 1252.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1253 of “Iohannes d´Aix electus Virdunensis diaconus” and the succession of “Iacobus archidiaconus Laudunensis...natione Gallicus ex civitate Trecensi[456].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record in 1256 that “Iacobus Virdunensis episcopus” was transferred “ad patriarchatum Ierosolimis” by the Pope and succeeded by “Robertus Mediolanensis[457]

 

 

1.         ROBERT [II], son of --- [from Milan “Mediolanensis”] & his wife --- (-7 Sep 1271).  Bishop of Verdun 1256.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record in 1256 that “Iacobus Virdunensis episcopus” was transferred “ad patriarchatum Ierosolimis” by the Pope and succeeded by “Robertus Mediolanensis[458].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1271 of “Robertus II episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Ulricus de Satanacho[459]

 

 

1.         ULRIC (-1273).  Bishop of Verdun 1271.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1271 of “Robertus II episcopus Virdunensis”, the succession of “Ulricus de Satanacho”, and the death of the latter in 1273 followed by a three year vacancy[460]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GERARD de Grandson, son of PIERRE Seigneur de Grandson & his wife Agnes de Neuchâtel (-1278).  “Agnes domina de Grandisono, tutrix...liberorum nostrorum Petri et Willelmi, Girardus, Jaquetus et Henricus pro se et fratre suo Otonino, filii predicte domine” exchanged property with "Petro comiti Sabaudie" by charter dated 31 Aug 1263[461], indicating that Gérard was adult at the time.  Another version of the same charter reads "Agnetem dominam de Grandisono relictam domini Petri de Grandisono, tutricem filiorum suorum Petri, Willelmi, Girardi, Jaqueti, Henrici et Ottonini de Grandisono"[462], which is presumably inaccurate.  Bishop of Verdun 1276.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the succession as bishop in 1276 of “Gerardus de Grandisono”, his death in 1278, and the succession of “frater eius Henricus de Grandissono[463]

2.         HENRI de Grandson (-1286).  “Agnes domina de Grandisono, tutrix...liberorum nostrorum Petri et Willelmi, Girardus, Jaquetus et Henricus pro se et fratre suo Otonino, filii predicte domine” exchanged property with "Petro comiti Sabaudie" by charter dated 31 Aug 1263[464], indicating that Henri was adult at the time.  As noted above under his brother Gérard, Wurstenberger reproduces an inaccurate version of the same charter.  Bishop of Verdun 1278.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the succession as bishop in 1276 of “Gerardus de Grandisono”, his death in 1278, and the succession of “frater eius Henricus de Grandissono[465]

 

 

1.         JACQUES (-Florence 1296).  Bishop of Verdun 1290.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the succession as bishop in 1290 of “Iacobus de Revigneyo clericorum generalissimus”, his death in 1296 “in curia Romana, qui ibi iverat propter discordiam quam habebat contra cives Virdunenses”, and the succession of “Iohannes de Richeri-curte dictus de Aspero-monte III[466]

 

 

1.         JEAN [III], son of --- [de Richéricourt] & his wife --- de Aspremont (-1303).  Gallia Christiana records the appointment as bishop of Verdun in 1296 of “patre comite de Richericurte atque matre sata nobili gente de Aspero-monte Johannes exortus, canonicus Virdunensis[467]Bishop of Verdun 1296.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the succession as bishop in 1290 of “Iacobus de Revigneyo clericorum generalissimus”, his death in 1296 “in curia Romana, qui ibi iverat propter discordiam quam habebat contra cives Virdunenses”, and the succession of “Iohannes de Richeri-curte dictus de Aspero-monte III[468].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1302 of “Iohannes de Richeri-curte episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Thomas de Albo-monte[469]

 

 

1.         THOMAS de Blâmont, son of [FRIEDRICH von Salm Seigneur de Blâmont & his wife Jeanne de Bar] (-22 Jun 1305).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, he was the son of Friedrich von Salm Seigneur de Blâmont[470].  The primary source which confirms his precise parentage has not been identified.  Bishop of Verdun 1303.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1302 of “Iohannes de Richeri-curte episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Thomas de Albo-monte”, who died in 1305[471]

 

 

1.         NICOLAS (-after 1312).  Bishop of Verdun 1305.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1305 of “Thomas episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Nicolaus de Nova-villa super Horne”, who resigned in 1312, and was succeeded by “Heinricus de Aspero-monte[472]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY Seigneur d´Aspremontm ELISABETH de Quiévrain, daughter of ---.  Children: 

a)         HENRI [IV] d´Aspremont (-5 Jan 1349).  Bishop of Verdun 1312.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1305 of “Thomas episcopus Virdunensis” and the succession of “Nicolaus de Nova-villa super Horne”, who resigned in 1312, and was succeeded by “Heinricus de Aspero-monte[473].  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1349 of “Heinricus episcopus Virdunensis”, and the election of “Heinricus de Germiney” who was not confirmed[474]

 

 

1.         OTHON de Poitiers, son of AYMAR [V] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois et de Diois & his second wife Sibylle de Baux (-Avignon 7 Jul 1353).  The testament of "Aimard de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois", dated 13 Jan 1332 (presumably O.S.), appoints "Loys son filz aisné" as his heir, with "Aimaret son petit filz…Othe…Aimaret, Guillaume et Henry ses autres filz…Charles son fils dernier né…Amedé son frere ou Aimaret son fils ou autres de ses enfans…les enfans de sa fille Alienor mariée à Bernard de la Voute"[475].  The testament of "dominus Aimarus de Pictavia Comes Valentinensis et Diensis", dated 12 Aug 1339, makes bequests to "...Poliæ filiæ suæ consorti Vicecomitis Podonniaci...Margaritæ filiæ suæ Vicecomitissæ Bellimontis...Agathæ filiæ suæ consorti Ainardi de Claromonte...Helienos filiæ suæ consorti domini Bermundi de Vouta...Catherinæ filiæ suæ consorti Thomacii Carreto Marquesii Saonensis...Iohannæ filiæ suæ...Margaretæ nepti suæ filiæ...primogeniti sui Ludovici...Guillelmo filio suo monacho Cluniacensi, Priorique de Caritate...Othoni filio suo...Aimaretus filius suus, Henrico filio suo, Karolo filio suo"[476].  A charter dated 1342 records that "Othon de Poitiers son frere" donated property to "Louys de Poitiers"[477].  Abbé de Saint-Pierre du Mont, Chalons.  Prior of La Charité 1342.  Bishop of Verdun 1350/1351, resigned.  Seigneur de Montmeyran. 

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Bar, son of PIERRE de Bar Seigneur de Pierrefort & his first wife Jeanne de Vienne ([1318]-[Sinai] [13 Aug 1361/8 Apr 1362], bur Sinai, Abbey of St Catherine).  Canon at Verdun Cathedral 1329.  Canon of St Lambert at Liège 1330.  Canon at Auxerre and Metz Cathedrals 1344.  Canon at Langres Cathedral 1344.  The testament of Pierre de Bar, dated 3 Oct 1345, appointed “sa...compaigne dame Alyenore de Poictiers dame de Pierrefort...Huguenin son second fils” as his executors[478]Bishop of Verdun 1351. 

 

 

1.         JEAN de Montperoux (-1371).  Bishop of Verdun 1362.  

 

 

1.         JEAN [V] de Saint-Dizier, son of GEOFFROY de Dampierre Seigneur de Saint-Dizier & his wife Isabelle de Châtillon Dame de Roche-sur-Marne (-4 May 1375).  Archdeacon at Cambrai.  Bishop of Verdun 1372.     

 

 

1.         GUY [III] de Roye, son of MATHIEU [II] Seigneur de Roye & his wife Jeanne de Chérisy (-8 Jun 1409)Gallia Christiana records the appointment as bishop of Verdun in 1375 of “Guido parentibus Matthæo II domino Roiæ, Franciæ balistarum præfecto, et Johanna de Cherisi Mureti domina...Noiviomensis...canonicus, decanus sancti Quintini Veromanduensis et Avenione in aula pontificia Rotæ auditor[479]Bishop of Verdun 1375, abdicated 1379.  Archbishop of Soissons 1385.  Archbishop of Tours 1388.  Archbishop of Sens.  Archbishop of Reims 1390. 

 

 

1.         LEOBALD de Cusance, son of --- (-10 May 1403).  Bishop of Verdun 1379.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1403 of “Leobaldus de Cusancia episcopus Virdunensis”, and the succession of “Iohannes de Sarraponte filius domini Iohannis de Commarceyo militis” who was transferred in 1420 “ad episcopatum Cathalaunensem per permutationem factam inter ipsum et Ludovicum de Bar cardinalem episcopum Portunensem, ducem Barrensem, marchionem de Ponte, dominum de Cassel et administratorem episcopatus Virdunensis[480]

 

 

1.         JEAN de Commercy, son of JEAN [III] Seigneur de Commercy & his wife Marie d’Arcelles (-30 Nov 1438, bur Châlons-sur-Marne cathedral)Bishop of Verdun 1404.  The Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis record the death in 1403 of “Leobaldus de Cusancia episcopus Virdunensis”, and the succession of “Iohannes de Sarraponte filius domini Iohannis de Commarceyo militis” who was transferred in 1420 “ad episcopatum Cathalaunensem per permutationem factam inter ipsum et Ludovicum de Bar cardinalem episcopum Portunensem, ducem Barrensem, marchionem de Ponte, dominum de Cassel et administratorem episcopatus Virdunensis[481]Bishop of Châlons

 

 

1.         LOUIS de Bar, son of ROBERT Duke of Bar & his wife Marie de France (-Varennes 23 Jun 1430, bur Verdun Cathedral).  Bishop of Poitiers 1391.  Bishop of Langres, Pair de France and Cardinal 1397.  Deacon at Châlons Cathedral 1405.  Bishop of Porto 1412.  Bishop of Châlons 1413.  He succeeded his brother in 1415 as LOUIS Duke of Bar.  Administrator of the bishopric of Verdun 1419.  Under the Treaty of Saint-Mihiel 13 Aug 1419, Duke Louis appointed his great nephew Rene d'Anjou, Duke of Lorraine as his successor in Bar[482]

 

 

 

 



[1] Bayley, C. C. (1949) The Formation of the German College of Electors in the mid-Thirteenth Century (Toronto), pp. 98-9. 

[2] Leuschner, J. (1980) Germany in the Late Middle Ages (North Holland Publishing Company), pp. 155-61. 

[3] Rösch, S. (1977) Caroli Magni Progenies (Verlag Degener & Co, Neustadt an der Aisch), p. 71. 

[4] Einhardi Vita Karoli Imperatoris, MGH SS II, p. 463. 

[5] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 389, quoting letters 34 and 40 [not yet consulted]. 

[6] Gesta Treverorum, 25, MGH SS VIII, p. 163. 

[7] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 390. 

[8] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 390. 

[9] Gesta Treverorum, 25, MGH SS VIII, p. 163. 

[10] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 390. 

[11] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 390. 

[12] Gesta Treverorum, 25, MGH SS VIII, p. 163. 

[13] Einhardi Annales 813, 814, MGH SS I, pp. 200-1. 

[14] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 390. 

[15] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, cols. 390-1. 

[16] Gesta Treverorum, 25, MGH SS VIII, p. 163. 

[17] Gesta Treverorum, 25, MGH SS VIII, p. 164. 

[18] Reginonis Chronicon, 847, MGH SS I, p. 568. 

[19] Gesta Treverorum, 25, MGH SS VIII, p. 164. 

[20] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, cols. 390-1. 

[21] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 391. 

[22] Baron Ernouf (1858) Histoire de Waldrade, de Lother II et de leurs descendants (Paris), p. 5. 

[23] Reginonis Chronicon, 847, MGH SS I, p. 568. 

[24] Gesta Treverorum, 26, MGH SS VIII, p. 164. 

[25] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 393. 

[26] ES I.1 8. 

[27] Gesta Treverorum, 27, MGH SS VIII, p. 165. 

[28] Grote (1877), p. 490. 

[29] Jackman, D. C. (1997) Criticism and Critique, sidelights on the Konradiner (Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research), p. 114. 

[30] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 394. 

[31] Gesta Treverorum, 28, MGH SS VIII, p. 167. 

[32] Annales S. Maximini Trevirensis 917, MGH SS II, p. 213. 

[33] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 395. 

[34] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 395. 

[35] Continuator Reginonis, 928, MGH SS I, p. 616. 

[36] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 396. 

[37] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch, I, 173, p. 236. 

[38] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch, I, 173, p. 236. 

[39] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch, I, 173, p. 236. 

[40] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 396. 

[41] Continuator Reginonis, 928, MGH SS I, p. 616. 

[42] Annales S. Maximini Trevirensis 931, MGH SS II, p. 213. 

[43] Thietmar 4.31, p. 174. 

[44] Gesta Treverorum 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 168, manuscripts B and C. 

[45] MGH SS VIII, p. 168 footnote 12, which cites "Jahrbücher I, 1, p. 60" and "Opera Ratherii, p. 208 n. 22". 

[46] Continuator Reginonis, 956, MGH SS I, p. 623. 

[47] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 397. 

[48] ES III 54. 

[49] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 397. 

[50] Continuator Reginonis, 956, MGH SS I, p. 623. 

[51] Gesta Treverorum, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 168. 

[52] Gesta Treverorum, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 169. 

[53] Continuator Reginonis, 964, MGH SS I, p. 627. 

[54] ES III 54. 

[55] Libri Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Sancti Galli, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 462. 

[56] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 399. 

[57] Continuator Reginonis, 965, MGH SS I, p. 628. 

[58] Gesta Treverorum, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 169. 

[59] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 400. 

[60] Oorkondenboek Holland (1970) 45, p. 84. 

[61] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 33a, p. 61. 

[62] Liber traditionum sancti Petri Blandiniensis, 87, p. 86. 

[63] Vita et miraculis Sancti Adalberti Egmondani 19, MHG SS XV.2, p. 703. 

[64] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 400. 

[65] Gesta Treverorum, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 169. 

[66] Oorkondenboek Holland (1970) 88, p. 181, Latin text and English translation available at <http://www.keesn.nl/sources/en_start.htm> (31 Aug 2006). 

[67] Annales Colonienses 993, MGH SS I, p. 99. 

[68] Annales Egmundani 994, MGH SS XVI, p. 444. 

[69] Gesta Treverorum, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 171. 

[70] Gesta Treverorum, 30, MGH SS VIII, p. 171. 

[71] Annales Colonienses 994, MGH SS I, p. 99. 

[72] Annales Colonienses 1008, MGH SS I, p. 99. 

[73] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 404. 

[74] Annales Colonienses 1008, MGH SS I, p. 99. 

[75] Gesta Treverorum, 30, MGH SS VIII, p. 171. 

[76] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 406. 

[77] Annales Zwetlenses 1076, MGH SS IX, p. 679. 

[78] Autenrioth, J. (1979) Das Verbrüderungsbuch der Abtei Reichenau (Hannover), p. 146, available at <http://www.dmgh.de/> (31 Dec 2006). 

[79] Wiponis, Vita Chuonradi II Imperatoris 2, MGH SS XI, p. 256. 

[80] Gesta Treverorum, 30-31, MGH SS VIII, p. 172. 

[81] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 1, MGH SS VIII, p. 175. 

[82] Thietmar 7.26, p. 325. 

[83] Mommsen, T. E. and Morrison, K. F. (trans.) (1962) Imperial Lives and Letters of the Eleventh Century (New York), "Wipo, On the election and consecration of Conrad II (1024)", from "The Deeds of Conrad II (Gesta Chuonradi II imperatoris)", reproduced in Hill, pp. 192-201.  . 

[84] Necrologium Mellicense Antiquissimum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 522. 

[85] Annales Necrologici Prumienses, MGH SS XIII, p. 220. 

[86] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 410. 

[87] Gesta Treverorum, 32, MGH SS VIII, p. 174. 

[88] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 8, MGH SS VIII, p. 181. 

[89] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, MGH SS VIII, p. 181, footnote 74, quoting Browerus, p. 524. 

[90] Gesta Treverorum, 32, MGH SS VIII, p. 174. 

[91] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 8, MGH SS VIII, p. 182. 

[92] Annales Necrologici Prumienses, MGH SS XIII, p. 221. 

[93] Gesta Treverorum, 33, MGH SS VIII, p. 174. 

[94] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 9, MGH SS VIII, p. 182. 

[95] Vita et Passio Conradi Archiepiscopi Trevirensis, 1, MGH SS VIII, p. 214. 

[96] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, cols. 412-13, quoting “Lambertus Schafnaburgensis in rebus gestis Germanorum”. 

[97] Gesta Treverorum, 33, MGH SS VIII, p. 174. 

[98] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 9, MGH SS VIII, p. 183. 

[99] Historia Trevirensis, Spicilegium II, p. 216. 

[100] Annales Scafhusenses, 1052, MGH SS V, p. 388. 

[101] Gesta Treverorum 9, MGH SS VIII, p. 183. 

[102] Annales Necrologici Prumienses, MGH SS XIII, p. 222. 

[103] Gesta Treverorum, 33, MGH SS II, p. 174. 

[104] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 11, MGH SS VIII, p. 184. 

[105] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 17, MGH SS VIII, p. 191. 

[106] Annalista Saxo 1026.  

[107] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 18, MGH SS VIII, p. 192. 

[108] ES XI 119a. 

[109] Dumgé, C. G. (1836) Regesta Badensia (Karlsruhe), 76, p. 125. 

[110] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 25, MGH SS VIII, p. 198. 

[111] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 26, MGH SS VIII, p. 198. 

[112] Gesta Godefridi Archiepiscopi, 1, MGH SS VIII, p. 200. 

[113] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 26, MGH SS VIII, p. 199. 

[114] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 27, MGH SS VIII, p. 199. 

[115] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 28, MGH SS VIII, p. 199. 

[116] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 199. 

[117] Gesta Treverorum, Additamentum et Continuatio Prima, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 200. 

[118] Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi, MGH SS VIII, p. 236. 

[119] Gesta Alberonis auctore Balderico, 3 and 9, MGH SS VIII, pp. 246-7. 

[120] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Tertia, 1, MGH SS XXIV, p. 380. 

[121] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1151, MGH SS VI, p. 455. 

[122] Calmet, A. (1748) Histoire de Lorraine (Nancy), Tome V, Preuves, col. ccclx. 

[123] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. ccclx. 

[124] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. ccclx. 

[125] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. ccclx. 

[126] Calmet (1757), Tome V, Preuves, col. ccclx. 

[127] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Tertia, 1, MGH SS XXIV, p. 380. 

[128] Analectes pour servir à l´histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome XVI (Louvain, 1879), Documents Waulsort, XVIII, p. 32. 

[129] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Tertia, 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 382. 

[130] Continuatio Gemblacensis Sigeberti Chronica 1145, MGH SS VI, p. 389. 

[131] Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium, Liber III, 30, MGH SS XXV, p. 103. 

[132] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Aquicinense 1150, MGH SS VI, p. 396. 

[133] Analectes Belgique, Tome XVI (1879), Documents Waulsort, XVIII, p. 32. 

[134] Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium, Liber III, 33, MGH SS XXV, p. 107. 

[135] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Tertia, 5, MGH SS XXIV, p. 383. 

[136] Analectes Belgique, Tome XVI (1879), Documents Waulsort, XVIII, p. 32. 

[137] Analectes Belgique, Tome XVI (1879), Documents Waulsort, XIX, p. 34. 

[138] Analectes Belgique, Tome XVI (1879), Documents Waulsort, XIX, p. 34. 

[139] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Tertia, 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 382. 

[140] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Tertia, 6, MGH SS XXIV, p. 383. 

[141] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 434. 

[142] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Tertia, 6 and 8, MGH SS XXIV, pp. 383 and 385. 

[143] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Tertia, 6 and 8, MGH SS XXIV, pp. 383 and 385. 

[144] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 162. 

[145] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Quarta, 1, MGH SS XXIV, p. 390. 

[146] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Quarta, 2, MGH SS XXIV, p. 393. 

[147] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 436. 

[148] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Quarta, 3, MGH SS XXIV, p. 398. 

[149] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Quarta, 7, MGH SS XXIV, p. 404. 

[150] Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, Tome III (Louvain, Brussels, 1866), p. 228. 

[151] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Quinta, Gesta Arnoldi, 1, MGH SS XXIV, p. 405. 

[152] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Quinta, Gesta Arnoldi, 1, MGH SS XXIV, p. 405. 

[153] Gesta Treverorum Continuata, Continuatio Quinta, Gesta Arnoldi, 5, MGH SS XXIV, p. 413. 

[154] Gesta Henrici Archiepiscopi, 2 and 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 415. 

[155] Gesta Henrici Archiepiscopi, Altera, 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 461. 

[156] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 448. 

[157] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 448. 

[158] Gesta Boemundi Archiepiscopi Treverensis, Prologus materie, MGH SS XXIV, p. 464. 

[159] Gesta Boemundi Archiepiscopi Treverensis, 31, MGH SS XXIV, p. 484. 

[160] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 451. 

[161] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 452. 

[162] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 1, VI, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 101. 

[163] Gade, J. A. (1951) Luxemburg in the Middle Ages (Leiden), p. 126. 

[164] Annales Lubicenses 1308, MGH SS XVI, p. 420. 

[165] Leuschner, J. (1980) Germany in the Late Middle Ages (North Holland Publishing Company), p. 103. 

[166] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 460. 

[167] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 462. 

[168] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 462. 

[169] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 465. 

[170] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 465. 

[171] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 467. 

[172] Einhardi Vita Karoli Imperator 18, MGH SS II, p. 453. 

[173] Annales Weissemburgenses 802 aut 803, MGH SS I, p. 111. 

[174] Nithard I.2, p. 130. 

[175] Annales Xantenses 823, MGH SS II, p. 225, and RFA 823, p. 113. 

[176] Annales Fuldensium Pars Secunda, auctore Euodolfo 840, MGH SS I, p. 362. 

[177] Settipani (1993), p. 209 footnote 126. 

[178] Catalogus Episcoporum Mettensium, MGH SS II, p. 269. 

[179] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 715. 

[180] Hincmari Remenis Annales, 865, MGH SS I, p. 469. 

[181] Catalogus Episcoporum Mettensium, MGH SS II, p. 269. 

[182] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium, 41, MGH SS X, p. 541. 

[183] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 304.

[184] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XXIII, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 304.

[185] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 718. 

[186] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 868, MGH SS XXIII, p. 739. 

[187] Catalogus Episcoporum Mettensium, MGH SS II, p. 269. 

[188] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium, 42, MGH SS X, p. 541. 

[189] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 720. 

[190] Catalogus Episcoporum Mettensium, MGH SS II, p. 269. 

[191] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium, 43, MGH SS X, p. 541. 

[192] Flodoard 927, MGH SS III, p. 377. 

[193] Catalogus Episcoporum Mettensium, MGH SS II, p. 269. 

[194] Flodoard 927, MGH SS III, p. 377. 

[195] Flodoard 928, MGH SS III, p. 378. 

[196] Flodoard 929, MGH SS III, p. 378. 

[197] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, continuatio 5, MGH SS IV, p. 47. 

[198] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 958, MGH SS XXIII, p. 767. 

[199] Poull (1994), p. 15. 

[200] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 984, MGH SS XXIII, p. 772, the same paragraph recording the appointment of "alter Adalbero filius comitis Godefridi" as Bishop of Verdun, making it clear that the two were different persons, disproving the assertion in Poull (1994), p. 15. 

[201] Poull (1994), p. 18. 

[202] Catalogus Episcoporum Mettensium, MGH SS II, p. 270. 

[203] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne (1902), p. 138. 

[204] Miraeus (Le Mire), A. (1723) Opera diplomatica et historica, 2nd edn. (Louvain), Tome II, II, p. 805. 

[205] Flodoard 929, MGH SS III, p. 378. 

[206] D O I 210, p. 289.   

[207] Annalista Saxo 1002. 

[208] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1008, MHG SS V, p. 119. 

[209] Mommsen, T. E. and Morrison, K. F. (trans.) (1962) Imperial Lives and Letters of the Eleventh Century (New York), "Wipo, On the election and consecration of Conrad II (1024)", from "The Deeds of Conrad II (Gesta Chuonradi II imperatoris)", reproduced in Hill, pp. 192-201.  . 

[210] Necrologium Genealogicum Ranshofense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 424. 

[211] Sigeberti Chronica 1046, MGH SS VI, p. 358. 

[212] Vita Adelheidis abbatissæ Vilicensis 3, MGH SS XV.2, p. 757. 

[213] Sigeberti Chronica 1046, MGH SS VI, p. 358. 

[214] Gestorum Abbatem Trudonensium Continuatio Tertia 1048, MGH SS X, p. 384. 

[215] Gestorum Abbatem Trudonensium Continuatio Tertia 1060 and 1063, MGH SS X, p. 385. 

[216] Vita Domni Deoderici Episcopi Maioris I, MGH SS IV, p. 464. 

[217] Sigeberti Chronica 960, MGH SS VI, p. 350. 

[218] D O II 308, p. 365. 

[219] Thietmar 3.16, p. 140. 

[220] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 732. 

[221] Sigeberti Chronica 1073, MGH SS VI, p. 362. 

[222] Sigeberti Chronica 1090, MGH SS VI, p. 366. 

[223] Poull (1991), p. 23. 

[224] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium, 50, MGH SS X, p. 543. 

[225] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 735. 

[226] Chronicon Hugonis, monachi Virdunensis et divionensis abbatis Flaviniacensis II 1092, MGH SS VIII, p. 473. 

[227] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium, 51, MGH SS X, p. 543. 

[228] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 736. 

[229] Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi Trevirorum 8, MGH SS VIII, p. 247. 

[230] Poull (1994), p. 83. 

[231] Antonio Abbate, Consecratio Ecclesiæ Senonensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 983. 

[232] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio prima, 1, MGH SS X, pp. 544-5. 

[233] D´Herbomez, A. (ed.) (1898) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Gorze, Mettensia II (Paris) ("Gorze"), 176, p. 308. 

[234] Poull (1994), p. 84. 

[235] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio prima, 1, MGH SS X, p. 545. 

[236] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844. 

[237] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio prima, 2, MGH SS X, p. 545. 

[238] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio prima, 3, MGH SS X, p. 545. 

[239] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 15, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 

[240] Esserent Saint-Leu, LXXIX, p. 81. 

[241] Lépinois (1877), Pièces justificatives, XXXVIII, p. 448. 

[242] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 

[243] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio I) 4, MGH SS X, p. 546. 

[244] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio prima, 4, MGH SS X, p. 546. 

[245] Miraeus (1723), Tome I, Donationes Belgicæ, Liber I, LXXI, p. 395. 

[246] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 

[247] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 

[248] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio II) 3, MGH SS X, p. 549. 

[249] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 944. 

[250] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio altera, 3, MGH SS X, p. 548. 

[251] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio tertia, 1, MGH SS X, p. 551. 

[252] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio prima, 5, MGH SS X, p. 546. 

[253] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 891. 

[254] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 891. 

[255] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio altera, 1, MGH SS X, p. 547. 

[256] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1224, MGH SS XXIII, p. 913. 

[257] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 9, MGH SS VIII, p. 521. 

[258] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[259] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1224, MGH SS XXIII, p. 913. 

[260] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio altera, 2, MGH SS X, p. 547. 

[261] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[262] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 21 (second part) (1910), p. 218. 

[263] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 944. 

[264] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio altera, 2, MGH SS X, p. 548. 

[265] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio tertia, 2, MGH SS X, p. 551. 

[266] ES I.2 227. 

[267] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio tertia, 3, MGH SS X, p. 551. 

[268] Iohannis de Thielrode Genealogia Comitum Flandriæ MGH SS IX, p. 335. 

[269] Annales Blandinienses 1291, MGH SS V, p. 34. 

[270] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio tertia, 4, MGH SS X, p. 551. 

[271] Archives départementales du Nord, AND B-3229, information provided by Dominque Delgrange in a private email to the author dated 23 Mar 2011. 

[272] Biographie Nationale de Belgique, Tome X (Bruxelles, 1888/1889), p. 348 [available at Internet Archive (24 Mar 2011)]. 

[273] Catalogue Bibliothèque royale, Bruxelles, exposition 1977, information provided by Dominque Delgrange in a private email to the author dated 23 Mar 2011.  

[274] Oorkondenboek Holland (Supplement), 163, p. 111. 

[275] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio tertia, 5, MGH SS X, p. 551. 

[276] De Allobrogibus VIII, p. 441. 

[277] Montélimar, XL, p. 93. 

[278] Valbonnais (1722), Tome II, XL, p. 225. 

[279] Du Chesne (Valentinois), Preuves, p. 51. 

[280] Flodoard 922, MGH SS III, p. 370. 

[281] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 30, MGH SS VIII, p. 639. 

[282] Flodoard 922, MGH SS III, p. 370. 

[283] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium 31, MGH SS VIII, p. 639. 

[284] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. clxxxi. 

[285] Widrici Vita S. Gerardi Episcopi, 2, MGH SS IV, p. 492. 

[286] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. ccxxxvii. 

[287] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 35, MGH SS VIII, p. 642. 

[288] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 36, MGH SS VIII, p. 642. 

[289] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 37, MGH SS VIII, p. 643. 

[290] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782. 

[291] Annales Argentinenses 1002, MGH SS XVII, p. 87. 

[292] Annalista Saxo 1048. 

[293] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 38, MGH SS VIII, p. 644. 

[294] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1048, MGH SS XXIII, p. 788. 

[295] Vanderkindere (1902), Vol. II, p. 428. 

[296] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 39, MGH SS VIII, p. 644. 

[297] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cccviii. 

[298] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 44, MGH SS VIII, p. 646. 

[299] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 991. 

[300] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium, 45, 50, MGH SS VIII, pp. 646, 648. 

[301] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 995. 

[302] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1126, MGH SS XXIII, p. 826. 

[303] RHC, Historiens occidentaux I, Historia Rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("L'estoire de Eracles Empereur et la conqueste de la terre d'Outremer"), (“WT”) XVII.I, p. 758. 

[304] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 891. 

[305] Poull (1991), p. 46. 

[306] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 906. 

[307] Chronica Senoniensis III, II, Spicilegium II, p. 592. 

[308] Du Chesne (1628), Preuves, p. 48. 

[309] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1192, MGH SS XXIII, p. 869. 

[310] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1218, MGH SS XXIII, p. 907. 

[311] Pontoise Saint-Martin, Fascicule 3, Appendix, p. 289, quoting Collection Dom Grenier, Vol. 328. 

[312] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1210, MGH SS XXIII, p. 891. 

[313] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 906. 

[314] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1011. 

[315] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1218, MGH SS XXIII, p. 907. 

[316] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1228, MGH SS XXIII, p. 922. 

[317] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1015. 

[318] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1228, MGH SS XXIII, p. 922. 

[319] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1230, MGH SS XXIII, p. 926. 

[320] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 3, MGH SS VIII, p. 517. 

[321] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1013. 

[322] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1230, MGH SS XXIII, p. 926. 

[323] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1018. 

[324] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1022. 

[325] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1022. 

[326] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1022. 

[327] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1023. 

[328] ES XIII 21. 

[329] Oujon 39a, p. 54. 

[330] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1024. 

[331] Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XVIII 1928, p. 106. 

[332] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1025. 

[333] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1027. 

[334] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 592. 

[335] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 525. 

[336] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 525. 

[337] Hincmari Remenis Annales, 865, MGH SS I, p. 469. 

[338] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 21 (second part) (1910), p. 163. 

[339] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1177. 

[340] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1177. 

[341] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 925, MGH SS IV, p. 37. 

[342] Liber Memorialis von Remiremont, quoted in Hlawitschka (1969), p. 72. 

[343] Liber Memorialis von Remiremont, quoted in Hlawitschka (1969), p. 72. 

[344] Liber Memorialis von Remiremont, quoted in Hlawitschka (1969), p. 72. 

[345] Flodoard 925, MGH SS VIII, p. 358. 

[346] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 925, MGH SS IV, p. 37. 

[347] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1177. 

[348] Veterum Scriptorum, Tome I, col. 662. 

[349] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[350] Flodoard 923, MGH SS III, p. 373. 

[351] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 14 (first part) (1902) (“Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne (1902)”), p. 147. 

[352] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne (1910), p. 281. 

[353] Liber Memorialis von Remiremont, quoted in Hlawitschka (1969), p. 72. 

[354] Liber Memorialis von Remiremont, quoted in Hlawitschka (1969), p. 72. 

[355] Flodoard 925, MGH SS VIII, p. 358. 

[356] Vita Johanns von Gorze, MGH SS IV 38, p. 347. 

[357] Liber Memorialis von Remiremont, quoted in Hlawitschka (1969), p. 72. 

[358] Vita Johanns von Gorze, MGH SS IV 38, p. 347. 

[359] Flodoard 925, MGH SS VIII, p. 358. 

[360] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1178. 

[361] Flodoard 925, MGH SS III, p. 376. 

[362] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[363] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[364] Flodoard 923, MGH SS III, p. 373. 

[365] Flodoard 925, MGH SS III, p. 376. 

[366] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[367] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 21 (second part) (1910) (“Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne (1910)”), p. 253. 

[368] ´Das Nekrolog des Klosters S Vanne´, Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Year 14 (Metz, 1902) (“Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne (1902)”), p. 144. 

[369] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[370] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[371] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 3, MGH SS IV, p. 46. 

[372] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 21 (second part) (1910), p. 263. 

[373] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, p. 145. 

[374] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[375] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1181. 

[376] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, continuatio 9, MGH SS IV, p. 48. 

[377] McKitterick, R. (1983) Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians 751-987 (Longman, London and New York), p. 327. 

[378] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[379] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, continuatio 6, MGH SS IV, p. 47. 

[380] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 984 and 1005, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 772 and 778. 

[381] Poull (1994), p. 15. 

[382] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 21 (second part) (1910), p. 204. 

[383] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, continuatio 6, MGH SS IV, p. 47. 

[384] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1183. 

[385] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[386] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1184.  

[387] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[388] Verdun Saint-Vanne, 1898, XXVII, p. 427. 

[389] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 10, MGH SS IV, p. 51. 

[390] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[391] D H III 53, p. 68. 

[392] Chronicon Hugonis, monachi Virdunensis et Divionensis abbatis Flaviniacensis II.9, MGH SS VIII, p. 376. 

[393] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, p. 147. 

[394] Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium 10, MGH SS IV, p. 51. 

[395] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526.  

[396] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 19, MGH SS XIII, pp. 255-6. 

[397] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 3, MGH SS VIII, p. 518. 

[398] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[399] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[400] Calmet (1748), Tome II, Preuves, col. cclxxvii. 

[401] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 1, 9, MGH SS VIII, pp. 491, 497. 

[402] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 10, MGH SS VIII, p. 497. 

[403] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[404] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[405] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 21 (second part) (1910), p. 202. 

[406] Stevenson, J. (ed.) (1858) Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon (London), Vol. II, p. 111. 

[407] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 526. 

[408] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 24, MGH SS VIII, p. 504. 

[409] Poull (1994), p. 90. 

[410] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 24, MGH SS X, pp. 504-5. 

[411] Poull (1994), pp. 90-1, and Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 24-27, MGH SS X, pp. 504-7. 

[412] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 27, MGH SS VIII, p. 506. 

[413] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 28, MGH SS VIII, p. 507. 

[414] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[415] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, 29, MGH SS VIII, p. 508. 

[416] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 2, MGH SS VIII, p. 517.  

[417] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[418] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 3, 5, MGH SS VIII, p. 517. 

[419] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[420] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[421] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1187, MGH SS XXIII, p. 861. 

[422] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[423] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1208, MGH SS XXIII, p. 889. 

[424] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 9, MGH SS VIII, p. 521. 

[425] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[426] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio altera, 2, MGH SS X, p. 547. 

[427] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[428] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 21 (second part) (1910), p. 218. 

[429] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio altera, 2, MGH SS X, p. 548. 

[430] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 3, MGH SS VIII, p. 517. 

[431] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1230, MGH SS XXIII, p. 926. 

[432] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 5, MGH SS VIII, p. 519. 

[433] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[434] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1187, MGH SS XXIII, p. 861. 

[435] Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium, Liber III, 42, MGH SS XXV, p. 111. 

[436] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1208, MGH SS XXIII, p. 889. 

[437] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 7, MGH SS VIII, p. 520. 

[438] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[439] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 906. 

[440] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 527. 

[441] Ourscamp Notre-Dame CCXXIV, p. 137. 

[442] Saint-Amand, LIII, p. 202. 

[443] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[444] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1162, MGH SS XXIII, p. 846. 

[445] Saint-Amand, LXXI, p. 217. 

[446] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[447] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1213. 

[448] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[449] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[450] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium Continuatio, 9, MGH SS VIII, p. 521. 

[451] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[452] Yonne (suite), 599, p. 292. 

[453] Histoire d´Auxerre, Tome IV, 213, p. 123. 

[454] Lalore ´Traînel´ (1870), p. 243, citing Cartulaire Scellières, fol. 32 r. 

[455] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[456] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[457] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[458] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[459] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[460] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[461] Minutes of Evidence taken before the Committee of Privileges [House of Lords] [relating to Grandison] (printed 7 Apr 1854), 96, p. 169, consulted at <https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433000150270;view=1up;seq=7> (14 Oct 2018), relevant parts quoted at Kingsford, C. L. ‘Sir Otho de Grandison’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. III (London, 1909), p. 127, footnote 3. 

[462] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 621, p. 310. 

[463] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[464] Grandison Minutes of Evidence, 96, p. 169, relevant parts quoted at Kingsford, C. L. ‘Sir Otho de Grandison’ (1909), p. 127, footnote 3. 

[465] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[466] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[467] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1218. 

[468] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[469] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 528. 

[470] ES IV 95. 

[471] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 529. 

[472] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 529. 

[473] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 529. 

[474] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 529. 

[475] Du Chesne (Valentinois), Preuves, p. 35. 

[476] Du Chesne (Valentinois), Preuves, p. 37. 

[477] Du Chesne (Valentinois), Preuves, p. 50. 

[478] Lefebvre, H. ‘Les Sires de Pierrefort de la maison de Bar’, Mémoires de la Société d’Archéologie lorraine et du Musée Historique lorrain, Tome LII (Nancy, 1902), p. 243. 

[479] Gallia Christiana, Tome XIII, col. 1227. 

[480] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 529. 

[481] Annales Sancti Vitoni Virdunensis, MGH SS VIII, p. 529. 

[482] ES I.2 228.