VENICE

  v3.0 Updated 19 June 2014

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.             EARLY DOGES 726-831 (IPATO, MONEGARIO, GALBAIO, della ANTENORI) 2

Chapter 2.                 DOGES 810-932, 939-942 (PARTIZIPAZIO, TRADONICO, TRIBUNO) 3

Chapter 3.            DOGES 932-939, 942-991 (CANDIANO, MENIO) 3

Chapter 4.            DOGES 976-978, 991-1026, 1031 (ORSEOLO) 3

Chapter 5.              DOGES 1026-1084 (CENTRANICO/BARBOLANO, FLABANICO, CONTARINI, SILVIO) 3

Chapter 6.            DOGES 1084-1192  (FALIER, MICHIELI, POLANI, MOROSINI, MASTROPIERO) 3

Chapter 7.            DOGES 1192-1253  (DANDOLO, ZIANO, TIEPOLO, MOROSINI) 3

Chapter 8.            DOGES 1253-1356  (ZENO, TIEPOLO, CONTANNI, DANDOLO, GRADENIGO, ZORZI, SORANZO, FALIER) 3

Chapter 9.            DOGES 1356-1423  (DOLFIN, CELSI, CORNARO, CONTARINI, MOROSINI, VENIER, STENO, MOCENIGO) 3

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Venice was ruled by a series of dukes ("dux" in Latin, which was transformed into "Doge" in the Venetian dialect), each of whom was elected, normally for life, from among the noblemen of the city.  The first Doge was elected in 726 following a revolt against Byzantine rule.  Between the early 8th century and the early 15th century, Doges were chosen from around 40 different noble Venetian families.  Venetian influence spread throughout the Adriatic and eastern Mediterranean area, largely through the city´s commercial and trading interests.  During the 12th and 13th centuries, the Doges of Venice ruled large parts of Dalmatia and Croatia, and claimed the ducal title over these areas, although in the case of Croatia this was challenged by the kings of Hungary.  Many of the Doges married into other noble families in the Balkan region, which led to some interesting dynastic connections.  This document shows information on the families of each successive Doge, divided into successive chronological chapters.  In most cases, the reconstructions are brief and incomplete, but this is all that has proved possible so far on the basis of the primary sources which have been consulted. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    EARLY DOGES 726-831 (IPATO, MONEGARIO, GALBAIO, della ANTENORI)

 

 

1.         ORSO (-737).  From Heraclea, he was chosen "dux" (transformed into "Doge" in the Venetian dialect) of Venetia in 726 following a revolt against Byzantine rule, triggered mainly by a reaction against the iconoclasm of Emperor Leo III.  Although Byzantine rule was soon re-established, Orso remained as Doge, with the imperial title "hypatos", his descendants adopting the surname "Ipato" in honour of this title[1].  The Chronicon Venetum records that "Ursus dux" ruled for 11 years and 5 months[2].  He was succeeded by five "magistri militum," named (in order) "Leo…Felix cognomento Cornicula…Deusdedi filius Ursonis…Iubianus nomine, Ypatus"[3], whose rule lasted one year each.  m ---.  The name of Orso´s wife is not known.  Orso & his wife had one child: 

a)         DEODATO Ipato (-755).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Deusdedi filius Ursonis", when recording that he was the third of the five "magistri militum" who succeeded his father in turn[4].  He was elected Doge in 742.  He transferred his seat of government from Heraclea to Malamocco.  He was deposed and blinded by his successor[5]

 

 

2.         GALLA (-756 or after).  The Chronicon Venetum records that he deposed and blinded his predecessor, succeeding as Doge in 755, but was deposed and blinded in his turn in 756[6]

 

 

3.         DOMENICO "Monegario" (-764 or after).  The Chronicon Venetum records that "Dominicum cognomento Monegarium" deposed and blinded his predecessor in 756, but was deposed and blinded in his turn in 764[7]

 

 

1.         MAURIZIO Galbaio[8] (-787).  He was elected Doge 764.  From the town of Heraclea[9], he claimed descent from Emperor Galba.  He founded the cathedral of St Peter, and the associated bishopric, on the island of Olivolo.  He associated his son with him in the Dogeship in 778[10]m ---.  The name of Maurizio´s wife is not known.  Maurizio & his wife had one child: 

a)         GIOVANNI Galbaio (-after 804).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Iohannes Mauricii filius"[11].  Associated by his father in the Dogeship in 778.  He was elected Doge in 787 to succeed his father.  He associated his son with the Dogeship in 796.  He was deposed 804 by a popular uprising triggered by dissatisfaction with his pro-Byzantine policy.  m ---.  The name of Giovanni´s wife is not known.  Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

i)          MAURIZIO Galbaio (-after 796).  The Chronicon Venetum names "sibi filius [=Iohannes] Mauricius nomine", when recording his father's association of him in the Dogeship[12]

 

 

Three brothers:

1.         OBELERIO degli Antenori (-831).  He was elected Doge in 804: Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the installation of "Obelerius Dux" in 804[13].  He paid homage to Emperor Charlemagne at Aachen in late 805[14].  A Byzantine fleet anchored off Venice in 809, attacked a Frankish flotilla based at Comacchio but retired beaten to Cephalonia.  Obelerio then invited Pepin King of Italy to occupy Venice, but the Venetians resisted and deposed Obelerio in 810.  According to the Royal Frankish Annals, duke "Willeri" had been deprived of his office because of treachery and was ordered to be returned to his lord in Constantinople"[15].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the return to Venice of "Obelerius, qui ducatus et patria fuerat privatus" and his capture and death[16]m ---.  The Chronicon Venetum refers to the wife of "Obellierius" as "ipsa filia erat imperatori"[17].  If this had meant that she had a direct family relationship with the Carolingians, it is likely that this would have been referred to in other sources, no such reference having yet been found.  It is possible that she was a noble lady from the Carolingian court.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Obelerio…Duce" married "dum Gallicam quamdam nobilem"[18]

2.         BEATO degli Antenori (-after 805).  The Chronicon Venetum names "suum [=Obelierii ducis] fratrem, Beatum nomine", when recording that his brother associated him in the Dogeship, and that he was later awarded the title "Ypatus" by the Emperor after returning from a visit to Constantinople[19].  He paid homage to Emperor Charlemagne at Aachen in late 80514

3.         VALENTINO degli Antenori (-after [809]).  He was associated in the Dogeship by his brother [809].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Obelerio et Beato Ducibus" consented to the appointment of "Valentinus eorum germanus, consors ducatus"[20]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    DOGES 810-932, 939-942 (PARTIZIPAZIO, TRADONICO, TRIBUNO)

 

 

1.         AGNELLO Participazio[21] (-827).  He led the defence of Venice in 810 against Pepin King of Italy, who withdrew in the face of powerful Venetian opposition.  He was elected Doge 810 in succession to Obelerio degli Antenori, moving his capital to Rialto.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the installation of "Angelus Particiaco Dux" in 809[22].  Under the Treaty of 811 agreed between Charlemagne and Emperor Nikephoros, the former renounced any claims over the province of Venetia.  While Venice was thereby confirmed under Byzantine control, separate from the rest of Italy, in practice its autonomous status increased.  Agnello led a project of land reclamation.  m ---.  The name of Agnello´s wife is not known.  Agnello & his wife had two children: 

a)         GIOVANNI Participazio (-after 29 Jun 836).  His father associated him in the Dogeship.  The Chronicon Venetum names "Iohannes, Agnelli ducis filius et Iustiniani frater" when recording that the brothers returned to Venice from Constantinople and that Giustiniano was elected Doge[23].  He was elected Doge in 829 in succession to his brother.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the installation of "Joannes Particiacus Dux" in 829 after the death of his brother[24].  Deposed 29 Jun 836, he was forced to become a monk and was sent to a monastery at Grado. 

b)         GIUSTINIANO Participazio (-829).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Iohannes, Agnelli ducis filius et Iustiniani frater" when recording that the brothers returned to Venice from Constantinople and that Giustiniano was elected Doge[25].  He was elected Doge in 827 in succession to his father.  He commanded the construction of a chapel to house what was thought to be the body of St Mark which was brought to Venice from Alexandria in 828. 

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         PIETRO Tradonico (-murdered 13 Sep 864).  Related by marriage to the Participazio family from Jesolo, he led Agnello Participazio's building project on reclaimed land.  He was elected Doge in 836 to succeed Giovanni Participazio.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the installation of "Petrus Trandonico Dux…de Pola originem"[26].  He led a successful naval expedition against the Slavs of Dalmatia in 840.  He concluded a treaty with Emperor Lothar, including the obligation on Venice to defend the Adriatic against the Slavs.  He was conferred the title Spatharius by the Patriarch of Constantinople in [840] in return for promising to help defend Byzantium against the Aglabi Saracens from North Africa who had invaded Byzantine Sicily.  He suffered a humiliating defeat near Taranto, and was forced to retreat to Venice by the advancing Saracen fleet.  The Chronicon Venetum records that he was attacked and killed after attending mass at the church of San Zaccaria, naming his murderers "Iohannes Gradonicus cum quodam suo nepote, Petrus Stephani Candiani filius, Stephanus de Sabulo, Dominicus Faletri filius, Ursus Grugnarius, duo fratres Salbiani filii" among others[27]m ---.  The name of Pietro´s wife is not known.  Pietro & his wife had one child: 

a)         GIOVANNI Tradonico (-863).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Iohannes, suum [=Petrus] filium" when recording that his father associated him in the Dogeship[28].  The Chronicon Venetum records the death of "Iohannes dux" one year before his father[29]m ---.  The name of Giovanni´s wife is not known.  Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

i)          daughter ([856]-).  The Chronicon Venetum records that "Lodovico Longobardorum rex" stood godfather to "Iohannes dux sobolem" during his visit to Venice in 856, but does not give the daughter's name[30]

2.         ---.  m ---.  One child: 

a)         AGNELLA ---.  m DOMINICO Tribuno, son of ---.  Dominico & his wife had one child: 

i)          PIETRO Tribuno (-912, bur Monastery of San Zaccaria[31]).  The Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Petrum nobilem virum, filium Dominici Tribuni, qui Petrus natus fuerat de Agnella neptia Peteri superioris ducis quem ad monasterium …interfectum" as Doge in 888 to replace the infirm Giovanni Partizipazio[32].  He renewed the treaty agreements with the Western Empire in 888 and 891, including a provision guaranteeing Venetian extra-territorial jurisdiction over Venetian citizens in Imperial Italy, which resulted in the extension of operations of Venetian merchants.  Venice was attacked in 899, unsuccessfully, by the Magyars.  Pietro Tribuno ordered fortification of Venice's defences, including the manufacture of a great chain of iron which could be stretched across the Grand Canal. 

 

 

1.         ORSO Participazio (-881).  He was elected Doge in 864 after the murder of Pietro Tradonico[33].  His relationship to the previous Participazio Doges is not known.  He instituted a system of elected judges who would provide a check on the power of the Doge.  "Karolus…rex" renewed the Venetian treaty with "Urso duce Veneticorum" by charter dated 11 Jan 880[34]m ---.  The name of Orso´s wife is not known.  Orso & his wife had six children: 

a)         GIOVANNI Participazio (-888).  The Chronicon Venetum names (in order) "Iohannem, Badovarium, Ursum et Petrum" as the four sons of "domnus Ursus dux"[35].  The Chronicon Venetum names "Ursus dux Iohannem filium" when recording that his father associated him in the Dogeship[36].  He was elected Doge in 881 in succession to his father[37].  The Venetians elected Pietro Candiano to be associated Doge with him in 887, but after the latter was killed within a few months Giovanni Participazio resumed full power.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the restoration of "Joannes Particiacus Dux" in 887 and his abdication for ill-health[38].  He abdicated due to ill health in 887, was restored the same year after the death of his brother Pietro[39] and abdicated again the following year, dying soon after[40]

b)         BADOVARIO Partizipazio (-[882/87]).  The Chronicon Venetum names (in order) "Iohannem, Badovarium, Ursum et Petrum" as the four sons of "domnus Ursus dux" [41].  The Chronicon Venetum names "Badovarium suum [=Iohannes dux] fratrem" when recording that his brother sent him to Rome in a bid to be elected Pope, his capture by "Marinus Cumaclensium comes" at Ravenna, and his return to Venice where he died soon after[42]

c)         ORSO Participazio (-after 998).  The Chronicon Venetum names (in order) "Iohannem, Badovarium, Ursum et Petrum" as the four sons of "domnus Ursus dux" [43].  The Chronicon Venetum names "Iohannes dux alterum germanium suum, Ursum" when recording that his brother associated him in the Dogeship after Giovanni's restoration following the death of their brother Pietro, but that he refused the Dogeship[44]

d)         PIETRO Participazio (-887).  The Chronicon Venetum names (in order) "Iohannem, Badovarium, Ursum et Petrum" as the four sons of "domnus Ursus dux" [45].  "Petrum minimum suum [=Iohannes dux] fratrem" was elected Doge after his brother's first abdication, but died soon after aged 25 and was buried next to his brother Badovario[46]

e)         FELICIA Participazio .  The Chronicon Venetum names "suam [=Ursus dux] filiam Feliciam" when recording her marriage to "Rodoaldo, Iohannis ducis Bolonić filio"[47]m RODOALD, son of IOANNES Duke of Bologna & his wife ---. 

f)          GIOVANNA Participazio .  The Chronicon Venetum names "Iohanna abbatissa, domni Ursi ducis filia" when recording her entry into the monastery of St Zacharias[48]

 

2.         ORSO Participazio (-after 932).  His relationship to the previous Participazio Doges is not known.  The Chronicon Venetum records the election of "domnus Ursus cognomento Particiacus" as Doge in 912 in succession to Pietro Tribuno[49].  He abdicated in 932, retiring to the monastery of San Felice[50]m ---.  The name of Orso´s wife is not known.  Orso & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIETRO Badoer (-942).  The Chronicon Venetum names "suum [=Ursus cognomento Particiacus] filium Petrum" recording that his father sent him to Emperor Leo in Constantinople[51].  The Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Petrus Ursonis ducis filius" as Doge in 939 in succession to Pietro Candiano, and the death of "Petro duce Badavario" after 3 years[52].   

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    DOGES 932-939, 942-991 (CANDIANO, MENIO)

 

 

STEFANO Candiano, son of --- .  m ---.  The name of Stefano´s wife is not known.  Stefano & his wife had one child: 

1.         PIETRO Candiano [I] (-killed in battle 18 Sep 887).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Iohannes Gradonicus cum quodam suo nepote, Peterus Stephani Candiani filius " among the murderers of Doge Pietro Tradonico in 864, and that "Stephanus Candianus cum Iohannis Gradonici nepote" were among those subsequently exiled from Venice[53].  The Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Petrum cognamento Candianum" as associate Doge with the infirm Giovanni Partizipazio 17 Apr 887 and his death within a few months during an expedition against Dalmatian pirates[54]m ---.  The name of Pietro´s wife is not known.  Pietro & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIETRO Candiano [II] (-939).  The Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Petrus cognomento Candianus" as Doge in 932 in succession to Orso Participazio[55].  "Petrus imperialis Protospatarius et…Veneticorum Dux, filius Petro Duci Candiano" issued privileges to "civitate nostre…Justinopolim" by charter dated 14 Jan 932[56].  He began an economic blockading war against Istria, and attacked and burned Comacchio.  m ---.  The name of Pietro´s wife is not known.  Pietro & his wife had one child: 

i)          PIETRO Candiano [III] (-959).  The Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Petrus Candianus, antedicti Petri ducis filius" as Doge in 942 in succession to "Petro duce Badavario"[57].  He defeated the Narenta pirates who had killed his grandfather.  He associated his son with the Dogeship in 946.  m ---.  The name of Pietro´s wife is not known.  Pietro & his wife had three children: 

(a)       PIETRO Candiano [IV] (-murdered Summer 976, bur Sant' Ilario).  The Chronicon Venetum records that "Petrus dux" had three sons, of whom "unum nomine Petrum", whom his father associated in the Dogeship[58].  He was banished after quarrelling with his father.  He enlisted in the army of Guido Marchese di Ivrea, who was crowned King of Italy in 950, during which he attacked Venice.  He was elected Doge in 959 in succession to his father.  "Petro…Duce…cum Vitale…Patriarcha filio suo" abrogated trading agreements with the Saracens by charter dated Jul 971, signed by "…Dominicus Urseolo, Petrus Urseolo…"[59].  The Venetians rebelled against him in 976 when he ordered them to defend his personal interests in the Ferrarese.  Numerous buildings were destroyed or damaged by fire in their attempts to expel Pietro from his palace.  m firstly (divorced) ---.  m secondly WALDRADA of Tuscany, daughter of UBERTO Marchese of Tuscany & his wife Willa di Spoleto (-after 976).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Hugonis marchionis sororem Hwalderada" when recording her marriage to Pietro[60].  She brought lands in Friuli, the March of Treviso, Adria and the Ferrarese to Venice as her dowry.  She escaped when her husband and child were murdered.  She sought refuge at the German Imperial court from where she claimed the return of her dowry from Venice, for which she was given full financial compensation from the proceeds of a tithe levied on all Venetians.  Pietro & his first wife had one child: 

(1)       VITALE (-1017).  He was made Bishop of Torcello by his father soon after his accession, and Patriarch of Grado in 969.  "Petro…Duce…cum Vitale…Patriarcha filio suo" abrogated trading agreements with the Saracens by charter dated Jul 971, signed by "…Dominicus Urseolo, Petrus Urseolo…"[61].  "Vitalis sancte Grandensis patriarcalis filius bone memorie domini Petri ducis Candianus" donated property in Chioggia minore and in Fogolana "ex successione…patris sui defuncti" to "Marinć olim ducarisse relicte…domini Tribuno Memo duci et Mauritio filio suo" by charter dated May 1012[62]

(2)       MARINA (-after May 1012).  "Vitalis sancte Grandensis patriarcalis filius bone memorie domini Petri ducis Candianus" donated property in Chioggia minore and in Fogolana "ex successione…patris sui defuncti" to "Marinć olim ducarisse relicte…domini Tribuno Memo duci et Mauritio filio suo" by charter dated May 1012[63]m TRIBUNO Menio, son of --- (-[991/May 1012]).  The Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Tribunus cognomento Menius" as Doge in succession to Vitale Candiano in 979[64].  He renewed the treaty of trade and protection with the Emperor Otto II in Jun 982.  However, Otto II was persuaded to blockade Venice, ignoring the treaty, in 983 by Stefano Coloprini who promised to subject the city to imperial suzerainty in return for Otto's support to install him as Doge.  The threat was averted by the death of Coloprini followed in Dec 983 by that of Emperor Otto.  A weak and incapable leader, he abdicated in 991 and became a monk.  Tribuno & his wife had one child: 

a.         MAURIZIO (-after 1015).  "Vitalis sancte Grandensis patriarcalis filius bone memorie domini Petri ducis Candianus" donated property in Chioggia minore and in Fogolana "ex successione…patris sui defuncti" to "Marinć olim ducarisse relicte…domini Tribuno Memo duci et Mauritio filio suo" by charter dated May 1012[65].  "Mauricius filius Tribuni Memo ducis" donated his property in Fogolana to the monastery of SS. Trinitŕ e di S. Michele di Brondolo by charter dated 1015[66].  "Petro Ursoyolo" confirmed to "Mauricio Menio" and the abbot of SS Trinitŕ di Brondolo the abbey´s possession of property at Conche, by charter dated 1071, which specifies that Mauricio Menio was grandson of Tribuno Menio Doge of Venice and son of "Mauricio filio eius"[67].  A charter dated Jul 1079 records a judgment against the abbey of Cluny and in favour of the monastery of SS. Trinitŕ e S. Michele di Brondolo relating to property at Fogolana, and records donations by "Vitalis patriarcha sancte Gradensis ecclesie filius boni [memorie] Petri ducis Candianum" to "Marinam olim ducissam relictam boni [memorie] Tribuni Memi ducis et Mauritio Memo filio suo", by "Otho dux" to "Mauritium filium boni [memorie] Tribuni Memi ducis" and by "Mauritius filius quondam Mauritii Memi de Rivoalto" to the monastery[68]

Pietro & his second wife had one child: 

(3)       --- (-murdered Summer 976, bur Sant' Ilario).  The Chronicon Venetum records that "filio parvulo quem de predicta Hwalderada" was murdered with his father[69]

(b)       DOMINICO Candiano .  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum names "Dominicus…episcopus Torcellanus…Petrum …consortem" as two of the three sons of "Petrus dux Venetiarum"[70].  Bishop of Torcello. 

(c)       VITALE Candiano (-979).  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed property "Musestre…in comitatu Tarvisienssi" to "Vitalis Candianus Veneticus" by charter dated 26 Aug 963[71].  The Chronicon Venetum records that "Vitalis cognomento Candianus" was elected Doge in succession to Pietro Orseolo in 978[72].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the installation of "Vitalis Candiano Dux" in 978, adding that he was "filius…Petri Candiano tertii ducis et frater Petri ducis a Venetis interfecti"[73].  He abdicated in 979 and retired to a monastery.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Vitalis Candiano Dux" abdicated after one year and two months, became a monk "ad monasterium Sancti Hilarii" where he died four days later[74]m ---.  The name of Vitale´s wife is not known.  Vitale & his wife had two children: 

(1)       DOMINICO Candiano (-after 30 May 998).  "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the possessions of "Dominico Candiano filio Vitalis Candiano" by charter dated 30 May 998[75]

(2)       EMILIA Candiano m DOMENICO Orseolo, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    DOGES 976-978, 991-1026, 1031 (ORSEOLO)

 

 

1.         DOMENICO Orseolo .  The Annales Venetici Breves name "Dominicus Ursiulus" as brother of "Petrus Ursiulus"[76].  "Petro…Duce…cum Vitale…Patriarcha filio suo" abrogated trading agreements with the Saracens by charter dated Jul 971, signed by "…Dominicus Urseolo, Petrus Urseolo…"[77]m EMILIA Candiano, daughter of VITALE Candiano Doge of Venice. 

2.         PIETRO Orseolo [I] (-987).  "Petro…Duce…cum Vitale…Patriarcha filio suo" abrogated trading agreements with the Saracens by charter dated Jul 971, signed by "…Dominicus Urseolo, Petrus Urseolo…"[78].  The Chronicon Venetum records that "Petrum Ursoyum cognomine" was elected Doge in succession to Pietro Candiano [IV][79], 12 Aug 976.  He funded the rebuilding of the Doge's palace and St Mark's basilica which had been destroyed during the rebellion against his predecessor.  He imposed a tithe on all Venetians to raise compensation to pay Dogaresse Waldrada for the loss of her dowry.  Increasingly unpopular, he escaped Venice 1 Sep 978 and retired to St Michael of Cuxa, the Benedictine monastery near Prades, Pyrenees.  After his death, his body was preserved until 1732, the year after he was canonised, when it was returned to Venice.  m FELICIA Malipiero, daughter of ---.  The Chronicon Venetum names "Felicia" wife of "Petrum Ursoyum cognomine"[80].  Pietro & his wife had three children: 

a)         PIETRO Orseolo [II] ([960]-1009, bur St Zacharia)The Chronicon Venetum records that "Petrum, antedicti domni Petri Ursiuli ducis sobelem" was elected Doge in succession to Tribuno Menio in 991, when he was aged 30[81]

-        see below

b)         daughter.  m GIOVANNI Morosini, son of ---.  The Chronicon Venetum names him as "genero" of "Petrum Ursoyum cognomine" when recording that he accompanied his father-in-law in his escape from Venice in 978[82].  He returned in [982] and became a monk.  He founded the Benedictine monastery on the island of San Giorgio Maggiore.  His family led the pro-Byzantine faction in Venice against the Coloprini which led the faction which favoured the German Empire. 

c)         daughter .  m GIOVANNI Gradenigo, son of ---. 

 

 

PIETRO Orseolo [II], son of PIETRO Orseolo [I] Doge of Venice & his wife Felicia Malipiero ([960]-1009, bur St Zacharia).  The Chronicon Venetum records that "Petrum, antedicti domni Petri Ursiuli ducis sobelem" was elected Doge in succession to Tribuno Menio in 991, when he was aged 30[83].  He negotiated favourable trading advantages with Byzantium, with Venetians present in Constantinople being subject direct to the Grand Logothete.  Otto III King of Germany granted Venice the right to establish warehouses and trading stations along the banks of the Piave and the Sile together with tax exemption on imperial territory, confirmed by charters of "Otto…rex" to "Petrus dux Ueneticorum" dated 19 Jul 992, 1 May 995 and 1 May 996[84].  He also established trading connections with Muslim Spain, Egypt, Syria and Sicily.  Faced with threats to Byzantium's outpost towns in Dalmatia, both from pirate raids and from Samuil Tsar of Bulgaria who by 997 had conquered Durazzo and much of Duklja and Serbia, Basilios II Emperor of Byzantium requested Venetian help to defend its interests and in 998 recognised the Doge Pietro Orseolo as the Emperor's official representative in Dalmatia, according him the title dux of Dalmatia and the honorary position of proconsul[85].  "Henricus…rex" confirmed privileges to Venice granted by his predecessors to "dux Veneticorum et Dalamtianorum Peterus…cum filio suo Iohanne similiter duce" by charter dated 16 Nov 1002[86].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death aged 48 of "Petrus…dux" and his burial "in ecclesia Sancti Zacharić"[87]

m MARIA, daughter of ---.  The Chronicon Venetum names "Maria" as wife of "Petrus dux" but does not give her origin[88]

Pietro [II] & his wife had ten children: 

1.         GIOVANNI Orseolo ([983]-Venice 1005, bur San Zaccaria).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Iohannes" as eldest son of "Petrus dux"[89].  The Chronicon Venetum records that "domni Petri Veneticorum ac Dalmaticorum ducis decimo, Iohannes…proles" was associated in the Dogeship by his father in 1004[90], although the charter of "Henricus…rex" dated 16 Nov 1002 which confirms Venice's privileges to "dux Veneticorum et Dalamtianorum Peterus…cum filio suo Iohanne similiter duce" suggests that this date is incorrect[91].  The Chronicon Venetum records the death of Giovanni and his wife of plague, as well as their burial place[92].  He, his wife and young son died of plague.  m (Constantinople [1003]) MARIA Argyre, daughter of --- Argyros & his wife --- (-Venice 1005, bur San Zaccaria).  Cedrenus records the marriage of "principi Venetić" and "filiam Argyri, sororem…Romani [postea imperator]"[93].  The Chronicon Venetum refers to "filiam Argiropoli, imperiali editam stirpe…imperatorum videlicet neptis" as wife of "Iohannem ducem" when recording their marriage, the reference to Giovanni's title suggesting that the marriage took place after he was associated in the Dogeship by his father, in a later passage naming her "domna vero Maria, Greca ductrix"[94].  No more precise indication of her parentage has been found in any of the other primary sources so far consulted.  If she was a member of the Argyros family, it is chronologically consistent for her to have been a younger sister of the future Emperor Romanos III, but the relationship may have been more distant.  It is assumed that the reference in the Chronicon Venetum to Maria having been "…imperatorum…neptis" was hyperbole for Venetian audiences.  Basileios II was Byzantine emperor at the time of the marriage and no reference has been found of any relationship between the imperial family and the Argyros family.  Indeed, such a relationship is unlikely in view of the subsequent marriage between Empress Zoe, the niece of Emperor Basileios, and Emperor Romanos III Argyros, no mention having been found in the Byzantine primary sources so far consulted to this marriage having been within the prohibited degrees of consanguinity.  The Chronicon Venetum records the death of Maria and her husband of plague, as well as their burial place[95].  Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

a)         BASILIO Orseolo (Constantinople [1004]-Venice 1005).  The Chronicon Venetum records the baptism of the son of "Maria Greca ductrix" a few days after their arrival in Venice from Constantinople, named after "Vassilium ob avunculi sui imperatoris"[96]

2.         HICELA Orseolo .  The Chronicon Venetum names "Hicelam" as eldest of the four daughters of "Petrus dux", naming her husband "Stefano Sclavorum regis filio"[97].  A charter dated Jul 1079 records a judgment against the abbey of Cluny and in favour of the monastery of SS. Trinitŕ e S. Michele di Brondolo relating to property at Fogolana, and recalls sales of property by "Anna comitissa relicta domini Vidonis comitis" to "Petrum ducem Venetiarum filium bonum [memorie] Petrus dux" and by "Vitalis et Aichelda filii boni [memorie] Petr ducis" to "fratrum eorum Petrum ducem Venetiarum"[98]m (after [1000]) STJEPAN of Croatia, son of SVETOSLAV King of Croatia.  After his father recognised Venetian overlordship over Dalmatia [1000], Stjepan was sent as a hostage to Venice, where he married the Doge's daughter[99].  After the fall from power of the Orseolo family in 1024, Stjepan left Venice to find refuge in Hungary which granted him Slavonia as an appanage[100].   

3.         ORSO Orseolo ([987]-1049).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Ursus" as second son of "Petrus dux", specifying that he entered the church[101].  Bishop of Torcello 1008: Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the appointment "decimo septimo ducis anno" of "Ursus eius filius" as Bishop of Torcello[102].  He succeeded Vitale Candiano 1017 as Patriarch of Grado.  Expelled from Grado by Poppo von Treffen Patriarch of Aquileia, he was forced to flee Venice for Istria in [1022/23] with his brother Ottone.  However, after Poppo's sack of Grado, the Venetians recalled Orso and his brother.  He was appointed Regent of Venice on the deposition of Pietro Centranico in 1030, while awaiting the return of his brother Ottone who was invited back.  He resigned in 1031 on learning of Ottone's death. 

4.         PIETRO Orseolo ([989]-Constantinople 1031).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Otho" as third son of "Petrus dux"[103].  Confirmed as "OTTONE" at Verona 996, Emperor Otto III subsequently acting as his sponsor[104].  His father associated him with the Dogeship after the death of his oldest son.  He was elected Doge in 1009 in succession to his father.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession in 1009 of "Otto Ursiolo dux" after the death of his father[105].  Following Byzantium's grant to Venice in 998 of increased authority over its Dalmatian outpost towns, Venice increased its involvement in the area to turn this theoretical right into real control.  It extracted oaths of loyalty from several of the Byzantine-controlled towns, then turned its attention to the Croatian-controlled ports, imposing itself as overlord in Biograd.  A major Venetian offensive took place in 1018, obliging Kresimir III King of Croatia to turn to Byzantium for support[106].  Unpopular in Venice for aggrandizing his family, he was forced to flee the city for Istria in [1022/23], but soon recalled by the Venetians after the sacking of Grado by Poppo von Treffen Patriarch of Aquileia.  These difficulties in Venice enabled both King Kresimir to regain control over the Croatian towns in Dalmatia and Byzantium to reassert its authority over its own Dalmatian towns[107].  However, following further scandals over church appointments Doge Otto was deposed 1026 and sent to Constantinople.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Dux" was sent to Constantinople in exile[108].  A charter dated Jul 1079 records a judgment against the abbey of Cluny and in favour of the monastery of SS. Trinitŕ e S. Michele di Brondolo relating to property at Fogolana, and recalls sales of property by "Anna comitissa relicta domini Vidonis comitis" to "Petrum ducem Venetiarum filium bonum [memorie] Petrus dux" and by "Vitalis et Aichelda filii boni [memorie] Petr ducis" to "fratrum eorum Petrum ducem Venetiarum"[109]m ([1009]) --- of Hungary, daughter of GÉZA Prince of Hungary & his second wife Adelajda of Poland ([989]-1026).  Her parentage is confirmed by Herimannus who names "Petrum, sororis suć [=Stephanus Ungariorum rex] filium, de Venetia natum" when recording his accession in 1038[110].  Chronology suggests that she was the daughter of Prince Géza's second marriage but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.  Her marriage is confirmed by the Gesta Hungarorum which names "Petrum Venetum filium sororis suć…cuius pater dux fuerat Venetorum" as successor to King István[111].  As Pietro Orseolo was Doge from 1009 to the early 1020s, he is the only possible Venetian ruler to whom this can relate.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the marriage "Otto Ursiolo dux" and "filiam Geyzć regis Hungarorum et sororem Stephani", dated to 1009 from the context[112]

-        KINGS of HUNGARY

5.         FELICIA .  The Chronicon Venetum records that the three younger daughters of "Petrus dux" entered convents, but does not name them[113].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "filia…ducis Felicia" was ordained "Sancti Joannis Evangelistć de Torcello…abbatissa"[114]

6.         daughter .  The Chronicon Venetum records that the three younger daughters of "Petrus dux" entered convents, but does not name them[115]

7.         VITALE Orseolo ([997]-).  The Chronicon Venetum names "Vitalis" as fourth son of "Petrus dux", specifying that he entered the church[116].  Bishop of Torcello 1017.  A charter dated Jul 1079 records a judgment against the abbey of Cluny and in favour of the monastery of SS. Trinitŕ e S. Michele di Brondolo relating to property at Fogolana, and recalls sales of property by "Anna comitissa relicta domini Vidonis comitis" to "Petrum ducem Venetiarum filium bonum [memorie] Petrus dux" and by "Vitalis et Aichelda filii boni [memorie] Petr ducis" to "fratrum eorum Petrum ducem Venetiarum"[117]

8.         son.  The Chronicon Venetum names "Henricus" as fifth son of "Petrus dux"[118].  He adopted the name "ENRICO" when Emperor Heinrich II acted as sponsor at his confirmation in 1004 at Verona[119]

9.         daughter (1001-).  The Chronicon Venetum records that "imperator [Otto III]" stood godfather to "filia ducis" in 1001[120].  The Chronicon Venetum records that the three younger daughters of "Petrus dux" entered convents, but does not name them[121]

10.      DOMENICO Orseolo (-after 1032).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1015 under which his mother-in-law "Inmilia erelicta quondam Ugonis comitis et Ubertus comis et Mainfridus filius quondam Ugo…comitis germanis filiis et mundoaldis meis…ex nacio…Longobardorum" donated property "in comitatu Tervisiano…in isola…Fogolana" to "Inmilda…filia mea et coniux Dominici filius quondam Petroni duci de finibus Veneciarum"[122].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Dominicus Ursiolo dux" seized power in 1032 but fled after one day to Ravenna where he died and was buried[123]m (before 25 Jan 1015) as her first husband, IMMILIA, daughter of UGO Conte di Padova e Vicenza & his wife Immilia --- (-after 25 Jan 1015).  "Inmilia erelicta quondam Ugonis comitis et Ubertus comis et Mainfridus filius quondam Ugo…comitis germanis filiis et mundoaldis meis…ex nacio…Longobardorum" donated property "in comitatu Tervisiano…in isola…Fogolana" to "Inmilda…filia mea et coniux Dominici filius quondam Petroni duci de finibus Veneciarum" by charter dated 25 Jan 1015[124].  She married secondly Arduccio.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Dec 1061 under which her daughter "Entesema filia Dominici Ursoyoli uxor Dominici Roso" granted property at Conche and Chioggia inherited from "Melda mater mea filia quondam Ungoni comes uxor Artuycho" to "Petro Ursoyolo fratri meo"[125].  Domenico & his wife had four children: 

a)         UGO Orseolo

b)         PIETRO Orseolo (-after 1071).  "Entesema filia Dominici Ursoyoli uxor Dominici Roso" granted property at Conche and Chioggia inherited from "Melda mater mea filia quondam Ungoni comes uxor Artuycho" to "Petro Ursoyolo fratri meo" by charter dated Dec 1061[126].  "Petro Ursoyolo" confirmed to "Mauricio Menio" and the abbot of SS Trinitŕ di Brondolo the abbey´s possession of property at Conche, by charter dated 1071, which specifies that Mauricio Menio was grandson of Tribuno Menio Doge of Venice[127].  The involvement of Pietro in this document suggests a family relationship with the Menio family, maybe through Pietro´s wife as his mother´s family is known already. 

c)         FELICIA Orseolom NICOLO Bembo, son of ---. 

d)         ENTESEMA Orseolo (-after Dec 1061).  "Entesema filia Dominici Ursoyoli uxor Dominici Roso" granted property at Conche and Chioggia inherited from "Melda mater mea filia quondam Ungoni comes uxor Artuycho" to "Petro Ursoyolo fratri meo" by charter dated Dec 1061[128]m DOMENICO Rosso, son of --- (-after Dec 1061). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    DOGES 1026-1084 (CENTRANICO/BARBOLANO, FLABANICO, CONTARINI, SILVIO)

 

 

PIETRO Centranico or Barbolano.  He was elected Doge in 1026 in succession to Ottone Orseolo.  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Pietro Centranigo" was elected Doge in 1026[129]Deposed 1030. 

 

 

DOMENICO Flabiano or Flabanico (-1043, bur San Zaccheria).  A wealthy silk merchant, he was elected Doge in 1032.  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Domenico Fiabenigo" was elected Doge in 1032[130]A proponent of anti-dynastic views.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death of "Dux" after ruling for 10 years, 4 months and 12 days, and his burial "in ćde B. Zaccharić"[131]

 

 

DOMENICO Contarini [I] (-1071, bur San Niccolo).  He was elected Doge in 1043 in succession to Domenico Flabanico.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Dominicus Contarenus dux" in 1043[132].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Domenico Contarini" was elected Doge in 1044[133]Faced with a second attack on Grado by Poppo von Treffen Patriarch of Aquileia, Domenico Contarini sent a Venetian fleet to counter-attack, but Poppo died soon after and his supporters fled.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death of "Dux" after ruling for 27 years, 9 months and his burial "in monasterio Sancti Nicolai"[134]

 

 

1.         DOMENICO Silvio (-after 1084).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Dominicus Sylvo dux" in 1071[135].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Domenico Selvo" was elected Doge in 1069[136]Doge of Venice 1071-1084 deposed.  The Normans attacked northern Dalmatia in 1074, making themselves overlords in Split, Trogir, Biograd and Zadar, but were expelled by the Venetians over the following three years.  The Doge once more assumed the title dux of Dalmatia, on the basis of the 998 grant by Emperor Basilios II[137].  "Dominicus Sylvius…dux…Petrus filius Petri Michaeli, Vitalis frater eius" witnessed the charter dated Apr 1075 which records the sale of property by the abbot of SS. Ilario e Benedetto to "Iohannes Signolo"[138].  A charter dated Jul 1079 records a judgment against the abbey of Cluny and in favour of the monastery of SS. Trinitŕ e S. Michele di Brondolo relating to property at Fogolana, names "dominus noster Dominicus Silvius…dux et imperialis prothophendius…Dominicum Silvium filium suum", recalls sales of property by "Anna comitissa relicta domini Vidonis comitis" to "Petrum ducem Venetiarum filium bonum [memorie] Petrus dux" and by "Vitalis et Aichelda filii boni [memorie] Petr ducis" to "fratrum eorum Petrum ducem Venetiarum", as well as donations by "Vitalis patriarcha sancte Gradensis ecclesie filius boni [memorie] Petri ducis Candianum" to "Marinam olim ducissam relictam boni [memorie] Tribuni Memi ducis et Mauritio Memo filio suo", by "Otho dux" to "Mauritium filium boni [memorie] Tribuni Memi ducis" and by "Mauritius filius quondam Mauritii Memi de Rivoalto" to the monastery[139].  In return for defeating the Norman fleet in 1081, Byzantium granted Venice duty-free trade throughout the Empire, and the right to establish colonies under its own administration[140].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the expulsion of "[Dominicus Sylvo]…dux Venetis" after ruling for 12 years[141].  [m firstly ---.  No direct evidence has yet been found of this supposed first marriage.  However, there is no indication in the charter dated Jul 1079, quoted below, that Domenico´s son Domenico was under age, which suggests that he could not have been born from his father´s known marriage to Theodora Dukaina.]  m [secondly] (after 1071) THEODORA Dukaina, daughter of Emperor KONSTANTINOS X & his second wife Evdokia Makrembolitissa (before 1059-after 1075).  Domenico & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         DOMENICO Silvio (-after Oct 1081).  A charter dated Jul 1079 records a judgment against the abbey of Cluny and in favour of the monastery of SS. Trinitŕ e S. Michele di Brondolo relating to property at Fogolana and names "dominus noster Dominicus Silvius…dux et imperialis prothophendius…Dominicum Silvium filium suum"[142]Betrothed (Oct 1081) to --- di Principatu, daughter of GUILLAUME de Hauteville Conte di Principato & his wife [Maria] di Conza-Salerno.  Malaterra refers to the betrothal of "dux…neptem" (referring to a Venetian named Dominico) and "filiam fratris sui Guilielmi Principatus comitis" at the time of the siege of Durazzo, dated to Oct 1081[143]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    DOGES 1084-1192  (FALIER, MICHIELI, POLANI, MOROSINI, MASTROPIERO)

 

 

 

1.         VITALE Falier (-[Dec] 1096, bur San Marco).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Vitalis Phaledro dux" in 1084[144].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Vitale Falier" was elected Doge in 1076[145]He was elected Doge of Venice in 1084.  "Vitalis Faletrus…Venetie et Dalmacie Dux et imperialis Protosevastos" donated property to the monastery of St George, Constantinople by charter dated Jul 1090, signed by "…Joannes Badoario judex, Henricus Orsoyolo judex, Joannes Maurocenus judex, Badoarius Aurio judex, Joannes Gradonico judex…"[146].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" renewed the treaty with the Venetians with "Vitalem Faletrum de Donis…ducem Veneticorum" by charter dated 1095[147].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death of "[Vitalis Phaledro]…dux" after ruling for 12 years and his burial "apud S, Marcum in die Nativitatis Domini"[148]m ---.  The name of Vitale´s wife is not known.  Vitale & his wife had one child: 

a)         ORDELAFFO Falier (-killed in battle Dalmatia 1117, bur San Marco).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1102.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Joannes filius Ordelaphi Phaledro Dux" in 1102 adding that he was "filius Vitalis Phaledro ducis"[149].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Ordelaffo Falier" was elected Doge in 1111[150]"Ordelafus Faletro…Venetie Dux et Imperialis Protosevastos" donated the church of St Archidani, Constantinople to the patriarch of Grado by charter dated Sep 1107, signed by "…Joannes Faledri judicis…Domenicus Cornario…Petrus Contarenus, Johannes Gradonicus…Dominicus Dandulo, Petrus Michael…"[151].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "[Ordelaphus Phaledro]…Dux" was killed "contra Hungaros" who had invaded Dalmatia and was buried "apud Sanctum Marcum"[152]

 

 

1.         PIETRO Michielim ---.  The name of Pietro´s wife is not known.  Pietro & his wife had two children: 

a)         PIETRO Michieli (-after Apr 1075).  "Dominicus Sylvius…dux…Petrus filius Petri Michaeli, Vitalis frater eius" witnessed the charter dated Apr 1075 which records the sale of property by the abbot of SS. Ilario e Benedetto to "Iohannes Signolo"[153]

b)         VITALE Michieli [I] (-1101).  "Dominicus Sylvius…dux…Petrus filius Petri Michaeli, Vitalis frater eius" witnessed the charter dated Apr 1075 which records the sale of property by the abbot of SS. Ilario e Benedetto to "Iohannes Signolo"[154].  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1096.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Vitalis Michaël dux" in 1096[155].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Vitale Michiel" was elected Doge in 1096[156]"Vitali Michaeli…Duci Venetić atque Dalmatić sive Chroatić et imperiali Prothosevastori" granted assurances to Split by charter 1097[157].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death of "[Vitalis Michaël]…dux" after ruling for 5 years 4 months and his burial "in atrio Ducalis Capellć"[158]

 

2.         DOMENICO Michieli (-1130, bur San Giorgio).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Dominicus Michaël dux" in 1117[159].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Domenico Michiel" was elected Doge in 1117[160]He was elected Doge of Venice in 1117.  "Dominicus Michaelis Venetie Dux, Dalmatie atque Croatie regni princeps" granted a third part of the Venetian colony of Tyre to Warmund Patriarch of Jerusalem by charter dated 1123[161].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death of "[Dominicus Michaël]…dux" after ruling for 13 years and his burial "in monasterio Sancti Georgii" in a tomb erected by "Wita relicta eius"[162]m VITA, daughter of --- (-after 1130).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death of "[Dominicus Michaël]…dux" after ruling for 13 years and his burial "in monasterio Sancti Georgii" in a tomb erected by "Wita relicta eius"[163]

 

 

1.         PIETRO Polani (-1148, bur San Cipriano di Murano).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Petrus Polano dux" in 1130[164].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Piero Polani" was elected Doge in 1128[165]He was elected Doge of Venice in 1130.  "Petrus Polanus…Venetiarum, Dalmatie atque Chroatie Dux" granted privileges to the monastery of San Giorgio Maggiore by charter dated Sep 1145[166].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Piero Polani" died after ruling as Doge for 18 years and 17 days, and was buried "a San Cipriano di Murano"[167]m ---.  The name of Pietro´s wife is not known.  Pietro & his wife had two children

a)         GUIDO Polani .  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "Wido comes [et] Naymerius comes" the two sons of "Petrus Polanus"[168]

b)         NEMERIO Polani .  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "Wido comes [et] Naymerius comes" the two sons of "Petrus Polanus"[169].  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising names "Neimerium filium Petri Polani ducis Veneticorum" when recording that he had previously been held in captivity [by Emperor Manuel I] but was now free[170]

 

 

1.         DOMENICO Morosini (-Feb 1156, bur Santa Croce).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Dominicus Mauroceno dux" in 1148[171].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Domenico Morosini" was elected Doge in 1146[172]He was elected Doge of Venice in 1148.  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Domenico Morosini" died after ruling as Doge for 8 years, 1 month and 2 days, and was buried "nel Monasterio de Santa Croce"[173]Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death in Feb of "[Dominicus Mauroceno]…dux" after ruling for 7 years and 7 months and his burial "apud Sanctam Crucem"[174]m ---.  The name of Domenico´s wife is not known.  Domenico & his wife had one child: 

a)         DOMENICO Morosini .  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "Dominicum Maurocensum…ducis Dominici Mauroceni filum"[175]

 

 

1.         VITALE Michieli [II] (-1172, bur San Zaccheria).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Vitalis Michaël secundus dux" in 1156[176].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Vitale Michiel" was elected Doge in 1154[177]He was elected Doge of Venice in 1155.  "Vitalis Michael…Venetie, Dalmacie atque Chroacie Dux" donated the church of St Mark at Tyre to the church of San Marco, Venice by charter dated Aug 1164, signed by "Sebastianus Ziani judex, Auriomastro Petro judex, Marinus Michael judex, Vitalis Dandulo judex…"[178].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Vitale Michiel" died after ruling as Doge for 17 years, 17 days, and was buried "a San Zaccheria"[179]Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death 27 Mar, in the 17th year of his rule, of "ducem" and his burial in "monasterium Sancti Zacharić"[180]m ---.  The name of Vitale´s wife is not known.  Vitale & his wife had two children

a)         LEONARDO Michieli (-[1172]).  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "filio illius [=Vitale Michael] Leonardo " and records his marriage to "comiti Absari ducis Desse filiam"[181]m ([1155/72]) --- of Serbia, daughter of DESA Grand Župan of Serbia & his wife ---.  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "filio illius [=Vitale Michael] Leonardo " and records his marriage to "comiti Absari ducis Desse filiam"[182].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Duce…Leonardo eius nato" married "comiti Auseris filiam…Edessć"[183]

b)         NICCOLŇ Michieli .  The Annales Venetici Breves name "comitis Nicolay, filio Vitalis Michaelis ducis" and records his marriage to "neptiam regis [Ungarie] nomine reginam Mariam"[184].  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "alter quoque illius [=Vitale Michael] filius…Nicholaus comes Arbensis", after his brother Leonardo, and his marriage to "Ladisclavi regis Ungarici filiam"[185].  Patrician of Venice.  Governor of Arbe.  m ([before 1165/Dec 1167]) MARIA of Hungary, daughter of LÁSZLÓ of Hungary [later LÁSZLÓ II King of Hungary] & Judyta of Poland ([1147/48]-).  The Annales Venetici Breves name "comitis Nicolay, filio Vitalis Michaelis ducis" and records his marriage to "neptiam regis [Ungarie] nomine reginam Mariam"[186].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Nicolao…ducis nato" married "Arbć comiti Mariam filiam Ladislai de stirpe regali"[187].  If her affiliation is correct, she must have been born when her parents were very young. 

 

 

1.         ORIO Mastropiero (-Santa Croce 1192, bur Santa Croce).  "Vitalis Michael…Venetie, Dalmacie atque Chroacie Dux" donated the church of St Mark at Tyre to the church of San Marco, Venice by charter dated Aug 1164, signed by "Sebastianus Ziani judex, Auriomastro Petro judex, Marinus Michael judex, Vitalis Dandulo judex…"[188].  "Sebastianus Ziani…Venetiarum, Dalmatie atque Chroatie Dux" donated one third of the town of Tyre to the church of San Marco, Venice by charter dated Jun 1175, signed by "Andreas Dandulo judex, Aurio Mastro Petro judex, Petrus Fuscareno judex, Dominicus Sanudo judex, Joannes Badouarius…"[189].  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1178.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Aureus Mastropetro dux" in 1178[190].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Orio Mistropiero" was elected Doge in 1179[191]A charter dated Nov 1188 records a Venetian commitment for an expedition to recover the Holy Land in the name of "Aureus Mastropetrus…Venetiarum, Dalmatie atque Chroacie Dux"[192].  He abdicated in 1192.  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Orio Mistropiero" abdicated after ruling for 14 years and 1 month, and became a monk[193]Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "[Aureus Mastropetro]…dux iam senex" became a monk "in monasterio Sanctć Crucis" where he died and was buried[194]m ---.  The name of Orio´s wife is not known.  Orio & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARINO Mastropiero (-after 1199).  Emperor Alexios III granted privileges to "Dux Venetie et protoseuastos Henricus Dandolus" and his legates "Rainerium Zenum et filium…quidem Ducis Venetie Auri Magistri Petri, Marinum" by charter dated 1199[195]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    DOGES 1192-1253  (DANDOLO, ZIANO, TIEPOLO, MOROSINI)

 

 

1.         VITALE Dandolo (-[Aug 1164/Feb 1183]).  "Vitalis Michael…Venetie, Dalmacie atque Chroacie Dux" donated the church of St Mark at Tyre to the church of San Marco, Venice by charter dated Aug 1164, signed by "Sebastianus Ziani judex, Auriomastro Petro judex, Marinus Michael judex, Vitalis Dandulo judex…"[196]m ---.  The name of Vitale´s wife is not known.  Vitale & his wife had one child: 

a)         GIOVANNI Dandolo .  "Dominicus Jubianus" promised revenue from land in Constantinople to "Johanni Dandulo filio qu. Vitali Dandulo" by charter dated Feb 1183[197]

 

2.         ANDREA Dandolo (-after Jun 1175).  "Sebastianus Ziani…Venetiarum, Dalmatie atque Chroatie Dux" donated one third of the town of Tyre to the church of San Marco, Venice by charter dated Jun 1175, signed by "Andreas Dandulo judex, Aurio Mastro Petro judex, Petrus Fuscareno judex, Dominicus Sanudo judex, Joannes Badouarius…"[198]

 

 

Three siblings: 

1.         ENRICO Dandolo (-Constantinople 1205, bur Constantinople).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Henricus Dandulo dux" in 1192[199].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Arrigo Dandolo" was elected Doge in 1192[200]Doge of Venice 1192.  Emperor Alexios III granted privileges to "Dux Venetie et protoseuastos Henricus Dandolus" and his legates "Rainerium Zenum et filium…quidem Ducis Venetie Auri Magistri Petri, Marinum" by charter dated 1199[201].  Villehardouin names "Enrico Dandolo" as Doge of Venice, recording in detail his part in the preparations for the Fourth Crusade[202].  He took advantage of the Fourth Crusade to increase Venetian influence in the Balkans, imposing his choice of Latin Emperor after the fall of Constantinople in 1204.  He adopted the title "despotes, imperii quarte parties et dimidie dominator"[203].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Arrigo Dandolo" was buried "in Costantinopoli"[204]m ---.  The name of Enrico´s wife is not known.  Enrico & his wife had two children: 

a)         FANTINO Dandolo.  He was appointed Bishop of Constantinople[205]

b)         RANIERI Dandolo.  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "dominus Raynerius Dandulo…filius ducis"[206]Procurator of San Marco.  "Rainerius Dandulo filius domini Henrici Danduli…Ducis Venetić" subscribed the charter dated Oct 1202 under which "Dominus Balduinus comes Flandrie et Hayn" requested help from "domini Henrici Danduli…Venetiarum Ducis"[207].  He expelled the French garrisons from Modon and Coron in 1206[208]m ---.  The name of Ranieri´s wife is not known.  Ranieri & his wife had one child: 

i)          ANNA Dandolo (-[1264]).  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the marriage of "Stephanus…dominus Raxić et Servić…Megavipanus" and "neptem quondam Henrici Dandulo ducis"[209]m ([1216/17]) as his third wife, STEFAN Grand Župan of Serbia, son of STEFAN NEMANJA Grand Župan of Serbia & his wife Ana ---  (-24 Sep 1227).  He was crowned STEFAN "Prvovenčani/the First-Crowned" King [Kralj] of Serbia in [1217]. 

2.         son .  m ---.  Two children: 

a)         MARINO Dandolo (-before 1243).  He accompanied his first cousin Marco Sanudo on the conquest of the Dodecanese islands in 1207, captured the island of Andros and was awarded the island as a sub-fief[210].  The 16th century Annali Veneti of Stefano Magno record in 1243 that "el castello de Andre" had been granted "al nobel homo Marin Dandolo et alla nobil donna Maria Dorň sua sorella" and was then granted to "Gieremia Guizi et Andrea Guizi"[211]m as her first husband, FELISA, daughter of ---.  The Istoria of Marino Sanudo Torsello names "madonna Felisa…moglie de miser Marin Dandolo"[212].  On the death of her first husband without direct heirs, Angelo Sanudo Duke of Naxos bequeathed Andros jointly to his widow and to Geremia Ghisi.  She married secondly Giacopo Quirini of Astypalaia, who supported her claims to Andros against Geremia Ghisi who had made himself master of the whole island[213]

b)         MARIA .  The 16th century Annali Veneti of Stefano Magno record in 1243 that "el castello de Andre" had been granted "al nobel homo Marin Dandolo et alla nobil donna Maria Dorň sua sorella"[214]

3.         --- Dandolo .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m MARCO Sanudo, son of ---.  Their son became Lord of Naxos, Duke of the Archipelago. 

 

 

1.         SEBASTIANO Ziani (-1178, bur San Giorgio).  "Vitalis Michael…Venetie, Dalmacie atque Chroacie Dux" donated the church of St Mark at Tyre to the church of San Marco, Venice by charter dated Aug 1164, signed by "Sebastianus Ziani judex, Auriomastro Petro judex, Marinus Michael judex, Vitalis Dandulo judex…"[215].  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1172.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Sebastianus Ziano dux" in 1172[216].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Sebastiano Ziani" was elected Doge in 1172[217]"Sebastianus Ziani…Venetiarum, Dalmatie atque Chroatie Dux" donated one third of the town of Tyre to the church of San Marco, Venice by charter dated Jun 1175, signed by "Andreas Dandulo judex, Aurio Mastro Petro judex, Petrus Fuscareno judex, Dominicus Sanudo judex, Joannes Badouarius…"[218].  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death of "[Sebastianus Ziano]…dux" after ruling for 6 years and his burial "ad monasterium Sancti Georgii"[219]m ---.  The name of Sebastiano´s wife is not known.  Sebastiano & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIETRO Ziani (-Santa Giustina 13 Mar 1230, bur Venice San Giorgio Maggiore).  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "patri sui [=Pietro Ziani] Sebastiani Ziani", recording that they were both buried "in cenobio Sancti Georgii maioris"[220].  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1205.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Petrus Ziano dux…ex patre Sebastiano duce genitus" 5 Aug 1205[221].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Pietro Ziani" was elected Doge in 1205[222]He abdicated in 1229.  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Pietro Ziani" retired "alle sue case a Santa Giustina", died there one month later, and was buried "a San Giorgio Maggiore"[223]m firstly MARIA, daughter of ---.  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "Maria dukissa, de domo Basiliorum" as first wife of Pietro Ziani[224]m secondly (1213) CONSTANCE of Sicily, daughter of TANCRED di Lecce King of Sicily & his wife Sibilla di Medania.  The Historia Ducum Veneticorum names "Constanciam…Tancredi regis Sycilie filiam" as second wife of Pietro Ziani[225]

 

 

1.         GIACOPO Tiepolo (-9 Jul 1249, bur Dominican Church).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1229.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Jacobus Teupolo dux" was elected in 1229[226].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Giacomo Tiepolo" was elected Doge in 1229[227]He abdicated.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "[Jacobus Teupolo]…dux" abdicated after ruling for 21 years, left the palace 2 Mar, died 9 Jul, and was buried "ecclesić Fratrum Prćdicatorum"[228]m ---.  The name of Giacopo´s wife is not known.  Giacopo & his wife had two children: 

a)         LORENZO Tiepolo (-1275).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1268. 

-        see below

b)         GIOVANNI Tiepolom ---.  The name of Giovanni´s wife is not known.  Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

i)          daughter .  Pope Innocent IV issued a dispensation for the marriage of “Johannis Theupuli comitis Absonensis nati...ducis Venetorum...nata ipsius” and “filio nobilis viri comitis Arbonensis”, despite Giovanni Tiepolo being godfather to the proposed bridegroom, dated 27 Mar 1249[229]m (Papal dispensation 27 Mar 1249) ---, son of --- Conte di Arbono & his wife ---. 

 

 

1.         TOMASO Morosini (-Thessaloniki Jun 1211).  He was installed as first Latin Patriarch of Constantinople in May 1204 after the fall of the empire of Byzantium, confirmed by Pope Innocent III 5 Feb 1205[230]

 

2.         MARINO Morosini (-[Dec/Jan] [1252/53], bur San Marco).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1249.  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Marino Moresini" was elected Doge 13 Jun 1249[231]Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Marino Moresini" died 3 Jan, after ruling for 3 years, 6 months and 21 days, and was the first Doge to be buried "in abito Ducale"[232]Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that Marino Morosini was buried "in ecclesia Sancti Marci" 3 Jan[233]

 

3.         MICHELE Sbarra Morosini .  Patrician of Venice.  m ---.  The name of Michele´s wife is not known.  Michele & his wife had four children: 

a)         CONSTANZA Morosini m  ([24 Aug 1293]) as his first wife, VLADISLAV of Serbia, son of STEFAN DRAGUTIN King of Serbia & his wife Katalin of Hungary (-in Hungary after 1326). 

b)         TOMASINA Morosini (-end 1300).  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum records that "Andreć Regi Hungarić…filium…Stephanum" married secondly "Thomaxinam sororem Albertini Moresini"[234].  The Chronicon Dubnicense records that "Stephanus" fled Ravenna for Venice where he married "vir quidam civis Venetensis civitatis…filiam"[235].  The continuator of Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the coronation of "juvenis Andreaxius de regno Hungarico" in Aug 1290, his mother being "Thomasina sorore domini Albertini Mauroceno civis Veneti", explaining that "Andreaxius filius Stephani…Rex Hungarić" after whose death "Regina uxor eius…Azonis marchionis Ferrarić soror" gave birth to a posthumous child "Stephanum antedictum" who went to Venice and married "dicta Thomasina Mauroceno"[236]m ([1265/70]) as his second wife, ISTVÁN of Hungary Duke of Slavonia, son of ANDRÁS II King of Hungary & his third wife Beatrice d'Este (posthumously 1236-1271 shortly after 10 Apr). 

c)         ALBERTO Morosini (-after 1290).  The marriage contract between "Dominum Albertum comitem Goricie…filiam suam dominam Claram" and "domino Andrea…duce Sclavonie nepote olim…domini Andree regis Hungarie" is dated 6 Jun 1286, and names "dominum Albertinum Mauroceno de Venecia…avunculus eiusdem domini ducis"[237].  The continuator of Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "juvenis Andreaxius de regno Hungarico" appointed "Albertinum Mauroceno avunculum eius" as "Banum et Ducem Sclavonić" after his coronation in 1290[238]

d)         --- Morosinim ---.  One child: 

i)          TOMASINA Morosini .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m PIETRO Gradenigo Doge of Venice, son of --- (-1311). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    DOGES 1253-1356  (ZENO, TIEPOLO, CONTANNI, DANDOLO, GRADENIGO, ZORZI, SORANZO, FALIER)

 

 

1.         RANIERI Zeno (-after 1199).  Emperor Alexios III granted privileges to "Dux Venetie et protoseuastos Henricus Dandolus" and his legates "Rainerium Zenum et filium…quidem Ducis Venetie Auri Magistri Petri, Marinum" by charter dated 1199[239]

 

2.         RANIERI Zeno (-7 Jul 1268, bur Venice, Franciscan monastery or Dominican church).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1253.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Raynerius Zeno dux" was elected 25 Jan 1252 (presumably O.S.)[240].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Rinieri Zeno" was elected Doge in 1252[241]Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Rinieri Zeno" died after ruling for 20 years, 6 months and was buried "nel monasterio de´ Frati Minori"[242]Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death 7 Jul of "[Raynerius Zeno]…dux" in the 16th year of his rule and his burial "apud ecclesiam Prćdicatorum"[243]

 

 

LORENZO Tiepolo, son of GIACOMO Tiepolo & his wife --- (-16 Aug 1275, bur Dominican church).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1268.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "Laurentius Teupolo dux" was elected in 1268[244].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Lorenzo Tiepolo" was elected Doge in 1272[245]Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Lorenzo Tiepolo" died after ruling for 10 years, and 25 days, and was buried "nel monasterio de´ Frati Minori"[246]Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death 16 Aug of "[Laurentius Teupolo]…dux" and his burial "in sepulchro paterno apud Fratres Prćdicatores"[247]

m (before 1262) MARCHESINA Ghisi, daughter of GEREMIA Ghisi Lord of Andros & his wife --- (-before 1298).  The Istoria of Marino Sanudo Torsello records that "maggior figlia…de miser Jeremia" married "miser Lorenzo Tiepolo"[248].  Heiress of Skyros, Skiathos and Skopelos.  Lorenzo & his wife had two children: 

1.         GIACOMO Tiepolo "lo Scopulo" (-1301).  The Istoria of Marino Sanudo Torsello names "miser Jacomo Tiepolo Scopolo…figlio e nipote del Doge" when recording that he was appointed "Capitano"[249].  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "uno grande homo Venetian…Lescople, figluolo del duca di Venetia messer Lorenzo Thiepulo che era morto" led the troops sent by Pope Nicholas to Acre in 1289[250].  Count of Dubrovnik [Ragusa].  m ---.  The name of Giacomo´s wife is not known.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the marriage of "dux…Jacobo filio suo" and "quamdam nobilem Dalmatinam", dated to [1270/71] from the context[251].  Giacomo & his wife had one child: 

a)         BAJAMONTE Tiepolo (-after 6 Jan 1328).  He was condemned for high treason by the Grand Council of Venice in 1310[252].  The continuator of Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the rebellion of "Bajamontem…Teupolo" dated to [1309/10] from the context[253].  The continuator of Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the judgment against "Bajamontem Teupolo" dated 27 Jun 1310[254].  Podestŕ of Nona 1313 and 1320. 

2.         PIERO Tiepolo .  His parentage is confirmed by the Istoria of Marino Sanudo Torsello which records negotiations for the marriage of "una figlia de miser Piero Tiepolo suo fiol [miser Lorenzo Tiepolo Doge]" and "miser Azzo" son of "marchese Obizone de Este signore allora di Ferrara"[255]m ---.  The name of Piero´s wife is not known.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the marriage of "dux…Perro alteri nato" and "Vicentinam divitem", dated to [1270/71] from the context[256].  Piero & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter .  The Istoria of Marino Sanudo Torsello records negotiations for the marriage of "una figlia de miser Piero Tiepolo suo fiol [miser Lorenzo Tiepolo Doge]" and "miser Azzo" son of "marchese Obizone de Este signore allora di Ferrara", dated to 1282 from the context, adding that the negotiations failed because of the death of Azzo (which appears to be incorrect)[257]

 

 

1.         GIACOPO Contarini (-[Mar/Dec] 1280, bur Venice, Franciscan Monastery).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1275.  Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the succession of "Jacobus Contareno dux" in 1275[258].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Giacomo Contarini" was elected Doge in 1282[259]Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Giacomo Contarini" was forced to abdicate as Doge after ruling for 4 years and 7 months, and was later buried "nella chiesa de´ Frati Minori"[260]Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records that "[Jacobus Contareno]…dux" was not worthy of the dogeship "propter ćtatem", abdicated 6 Mar, died later the same year and was buried "in claustro Fratrum Minorem"[261]

 

 

1.         GIOVANNI Dandolo (-1289, bur Franciscan Monastery).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1280.  The continuator of Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the election of "Joannes Dandolo dux" 24 Mar 1280[262].  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Giovanni Dandolo" was elected Doge 26 Sep 1283[263]Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Giovanni Dandolo" died after ruling for 3 years and 1 month[264]The continuator of Andrea Dandulo´s Chronicon Venetum records the death of "[Joannes Dandolo dux]" and his burial "apud Fratres Prćdicatores" after ruling for 8 years and 7 months[265]

 

 

1.         MARCO Gradenigo .  The Istoria of Marino Sanudo Torsello records that "miser Marco Gradenico, che fů padre de miser Piero che fů poi principe" was sent by Venice to Eubśa and besieged Negroponte, dated from the context to the mid-13th century[266]m ---.  The name of Marco´s wife is not known.  Marco & his wife had two children: 

a)         PIETRO Gradenigo (-1311).  His parentage is confirmed by the Istoria of Marino Sanudo Torsello which names "miser Marco Gradenico, che fů padre de miser Piero che fů poi principe"[267].  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1289.  Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Pietro Gradenigo" was elected Doge 22 Nov 1289[268]Andrea Navagiero´s Storia della Repubblica Veneziana records that "Pietro Gradenigo" died after ruling for 22 years, 8 months and 6 days, and was buried "nel monasterio di San Cipriano di Murano"[269]m TOMASINA Morosini, daughter of --- Morosini & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

i)          ELISABETTA Gradenigo .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m ---.  Ancestors of the mother of Charles VII King of France. 

b)         daughter m LÉNARD Count of Krk [Veglia] and Modruš, son of VID Count of Krk [Veglia] and Modruš [later Frangepán] & his wife --- (-before 1308). 

 

 

MARINO Zorzi (-1312).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1311. 

 

GIOVANNI Soranzo (-1328).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1312. 

 

FRANCESCO Dandolo (-1339).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1329. 

 

BARTOLOMEO Gradenigo (-1342).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1339. 

 

ANDREA Dandolo (-1354).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1343.  The friend of Petrarch, he compiled the Liber blancus, a collection of treaties negotiated by Venice with the Italian states, and the Liber albus, a similar collection of those negotiated with other western powers[270]

 

MARINO Falier (-1355).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1354.  Giovanni di Musso´s Chronicon Placentinum names "in civitate…Venetiarum…dux…Marinus Falerius" when recording the he had usurped the Dogeship and was deposed and beheaded in 1351[271]

 

GIOVANNI Gradenigo (-1356).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1355. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    DOGES 1356-1423  (DOLFIN, CELSI, CORNARO, CONTARINI, MOROSINI, VENIER, STENO, MOCENIGO)

 

 

GIOVANNI Dolfin (-1361).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1356. 

 

LORENZO Celsi (-1365).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1361. 

 

 

1.         FEDERIGO Cornaro (-after 16 May 1378, bur Church of Frari).  He received Pierre I King of Cyprus in Venice in 1365 and 1368, and lent him 60,000 ducats[272]m ---.  The name of Federigo´s wife is not known.  Federigo & his wife had two children: 

a)         GIOVANNI Cornaro

b)         PIETRO Cornaro (-before 12 Dec 1388).  “Petrus Cornario, quondam domini Federici” acquired “castris et fortalitiis Argos et Neapolis…dotis uxoris suć…dominć Marić, quondam…domini Guidonis de Engino filić” by charter dated 12 Sep 1388[273]m (1383) as her first husband, MARIE d'Enghien Lady of Argos and Nauplion, daughter of GUY d´Enghien Lord of Argos & his wife Bonne de Foucherolles (1364-after 1393).  “Petrus Cornario, quondam domini Federici” acquired “castris et fortalitiis Argos et Neapolis…dotis uxoris suć…dominć Marić, quondam…domini Guidonis de Engino filić” by charter dated 12 Sep 1388[274].  She transferred her territories to the republic of Venice by contract dated 12 Dec 1388 after the death of her husband without issue[275].  She married secondly Pasquale Zano. 

 

2.         GIOVANNI Cornarom ---.  The name of Giovanni´s wife is not known.  Giovanni & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARCO Cornaro (-1368).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1365.  m ---.  The name of Marco´s wife is not known.  Marco & his wife had one child: 

i)          ANDREA Cornarom ---.  The name of Andrea´s wife is not known.  Andrea & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GIORGIO Cornarom ---.  The name of Giorgio´s wife is not known.  Giorgio & his wife had seven children: 

(1)       MARCO Cornaro ([Venice 1435/43]-).  Patrician of Venice.  m FIORENZA Crispo, daughter of NICCOLŇ Crispo Lord of Santorin and Syra & his wife [Valenza] --- ([Venice 1435/43]-).  Marco & his wife had eight children: 

a.         VIOLANTEm MARCO Dandolo, son of ---

b.         CATERINA Cornaro (Venice [30 Apr/25 Nov] 1454-Venice 10 Jul 1510)The life of Caterina Cornaro by Antonio Colbertaldi d'Asolo records her birth in 1454 to "Firenze, figliola di Nicolň Crespi duca di Arcipelago, e da Marco Corner nobile Veneto" and her death at Venice 10 Jul 1510, clarifying that she was her father's second daughter[276].  A document dated 1468 records the betrothal of "la fia de Marco Corner kavalier…Catherina" and "el re Zacco" at Venice, also naming "Andrea Corner…fradello de Marco Corner"[277].  On her marriage, she was adopted by the Venetian state under the name 'Caterina Veneta'.  Famed for her beauty, she was painted many times, including by Titian.  She was declared regent of Cyprus by Venice, her adoptive 'parent', on the death of her husband, continuing as such after the birth of her son.  Venice permitted her to succeed her son 1474 as CATERINA Queen of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia, but was forbidden to remarry or exercise any real power.  She was finally obliged to abdicate as Queen 24 Jun 1489 in favour of the Republic of Venice[278], the Cornaro family receiving in recompense the hereditary Grand Commandership in Cyprus of the Order of St John and the right to quarter their arms with those of Lusignan[279].  She left Cyprus for Venice, where she was made Signora di Asolo.  m (by proxy Venice 10 Jun 1468, in person Famagusta Dec 1472) JACQUES II King of Cyprus, illegitimate son of JEAN II King of Cyprus & his mistress Marieta --- ([1438/39 Famagusta 11 Jun 1473). 

c.         CORNELIAm PAOLO Vendramino, son of ANDREA Vendramino Doge of Venice & his wife ---. 

d.         REGINA [Elisabetta] .  m (1478) PAOLO Capello, son of ---. 

e.         GIORGIO Cornaro ([Venice 1450/63]-1524).  A Venetian document dated 28 Oct 1488 records the Council decision that Caterina Cornaro should leave Cyprus and that "vir nobilis Georgois Cornario, frater prefate…regine" should travel to Cyprus to effect her departure[280].  m ---.  Descendants. 

f.          BIANCAm PIETRO Lando, son of ---. 

g.         AGNESEm NICOLO Querini, son of ---. 

h.         daughter .  m --- Querini, son of ---. 

(2)       ANDREA Cornaro (-murdered Famagusta, Cyprus 14 Nov 1473).  He settled in Cyprus before the marriage of his niece.  A document dated 1468 records the betrothal of "la fia de Marco Corner kavalier…Catherina" and "el re Zacco" at Venice, also naming "Andrea Corner…fradello de Marco Corner"[281].  In a document dated 15 Nov [1473] Josaphat Barbaro reports the murder during a Cypriot uprising against the Venetians of "miser Andrea Corner…[e] miser Marco Bembo, fradel de miser Piero" to Venice[282]

(3)       daughter .  m GIOVANNI Morosini, son of ---. 

(4)       daughter .  m FRANCESCO Bembo, son of ---. 

(5)       daughter .  m GIOVANNI Foscarini, son of ---. 

(6)       daughter .  m GIOVANNI Malipiero, son of ---. 

(7)       daughter .  m NICOLO Mocenigo, son of ---. 

 

 

ANDREA Contarini (-1382).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1368. 

 

MICHELE Morosini (-1382).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1382. 

 

ANTONIO Venier (-1400).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1382. 

 

MICHELE Steno (-1413).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1400. 

 

TOMASO Mocenigo (-1423).  He was elected Doge of Venice in 1414. 

 

 



[1] Norwich, J. J. (1982) A History of Venice, p. 15. 

[2] Norwich (1982), p. 15. 

[3] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 12. 

[4] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 12. 

[5] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 13. 

[6] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 13. 

[7] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 13. 

[8] The Galbaio family later assumed the name "Querini". 

[9] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 13. 

[10] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 13. 

[11] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 13. 

[12] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 13. 

[13] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VII, Cap. XV, RIS XII, col. 153. 

[14] "Shortly after Christmas", Scholz, B. W. with Rogers, B. (2000) Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard's Histories (University of Michigan Press) (“RFA”), 806, p. 85. 

[15] RFA 811, p. 93. 

[16] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VIII, Cap. III, Pars V, RIS XII, col. 173. 

[17] Chronicon Venetum (Vulgo Altinate); MGH SS XIV, p. 56. 

[18] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VII, Cap. XV, Pars XXIV, RIS XII, col. 159. 

[19] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum X, MGH SS VII, p. 14. 

[20] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VII, Cap. XV, Pars XXII, RIS XII, col. 158. 

[21] Also Particiaco.  The family changed its name to Badoer in the tenth century. 

[22] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VIII, Cap. I, RIS XII, col. 161. 

[23] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 16. 

[24] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VIII, Cap. III, RIS XII, col. 172. 

[25] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 16. 

[26] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VIII, Cap. IV, RIS XII, col. 174. 

[27] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 18. 

[28] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 17. 

[29] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 18. 

[30] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 18. 

[31] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 22. 

[32] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 22. 

[33] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 19. 

[34] MGH Diplomata, D Karl 17, p. 26. 

[35] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, pp. 21-2. 

[36] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 20. 

[37] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 21. 

[38] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VIII, Cap. VIII, RIS XII, col. 192. 

[39] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 21. 

[40] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 22. 

[41] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, pp. 21-2. 

[42] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 21. 

[43] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, pp. 21-2. 

[44] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, pp. 21 and 22. 

[45] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, pp. 21-2. 

[46] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 21. 

[47] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 21. 

[48] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 21. 

[49] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 23. 

[50] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 23. 

[51] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 23. 

[52] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 23. 

[53] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 18 and 19. 

[54] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 22. 

[55] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 23. 

[56] Tafel, G. L. F. & Thomas, G. M. (eds.) (1856) Urkunden zur älteren Handels- und Staatsgeschichte der Republik Venedig, I Theil, Fontes rerum Austriacarum, 2e Abteilung Diplomataria et Acta, XII Band ("Venice Urkunden"), Part I, X, p. 5. 

[57] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 23. 

[58] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 24.  

[59] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XIV, p. 25. 

[60] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 25. 

[61] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XIV, p. 25. 

[62] Gloria, A. (ed.) (1877) Codice Diplomatico Padovano al secolo sesto a tutto l´undecimo (Venice) ("Codice Diplomatico Padovano"), 92, p. 123. 

[63] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 92, p. 123. 

[64] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 27. 

[65] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 92, p. 123. 

[66] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 99, p. 133. 

[67] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 209, p. 237. 

[68] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 257, p. 282. 

[69] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 25. 

[70] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VIII, Cap. XIII, Pars XIII, RIS XII, col. 195. 

[71] D O I 257, p. 366.   

[72] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 27. 

[73] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VIII, Cap. XVI, RIS XII, col. 217. 

[74] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber VIII, Cap. XVI, Pars III, RIS XII, col. 218. 

[75] D O III 293, p. 718. 

[76] Annales Venetici Breves MGH SS XIV, p. 70. 

[77] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XIV, p. 25. 

[78] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XIV, p. 25. 

[79] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 26. 

[80] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 26. 

[81] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 29. 

[82] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 26. 

[83] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 29. 

[84] D O III 100, p. 511, D O III 165, p. 577, and D O III 192, p. 600. 

[85] Fine, J. V. A. (1991) The Early Medieval Balkans, A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (Ann Arbour, University of Michigan Press), p. 275. 

[86] D H II 24, p. 26. 

[87] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. I, Pars LI, RIS XII, col. 235. 

[88] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[89] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[90] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 35. 

[91] D H II 24, p. 26. 

[92] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 36.  The date 1007 is included in the margin of this edition but is not mentioned in the text. 

[93] Migne, J. P. (1889) Cedreni Historiarum Continuatio, Patrologić cursus completus, Series Grćca Tomus CXXII (Paris) ("Cedrenus II"), col. 186. 

[94] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 36. 

[95] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 36.  The date 1007 is included in the margin of this edition but is not mentioned in the text. 

[96] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 36. 

[97] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[98] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 257, p. 282. 

[99] Fine (1991), pp. 274-76. 

[100] Fine (1991), p. 278. 

[101] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[102] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. II, Pars L, RIS XII, col. 234. 

[103] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[104] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 30. 

[105] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. II, RIS XII, col. 235. 

[106] Fine (1991), p. 276. 

[107] Fine (1991), pp. 277-78. 

[108] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. II, Pars XVI, RIS XII, col. 239. 

[109] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 257, p. 282. 

[110] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1038, MHG SS V, p. 123. 

[111] Kézai, S., Veszprémy, L. and Schaer, F. (eds. and trans.) (1999) Simonis de Kéza Gesta Hungarorum (CEP), 45, p. 107. 

[112] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. II, Pars I, RIS XII, col. 235. 

[113] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[114] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. I, Pars L, RIS XII, col. 234. 

[115] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[116] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[117] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 257, p. 282. 

[118] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37.  

[119] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 35. 

[120] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 34. 

[121] Iohannis Diaconi, Chronicon Venetum MGH SS VII, p. 37. 

[122] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 100, p. 134. 

[123] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. V, Pars I, RIS XII, col. 240. 

[124] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 100, p. 134. 

[125] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 184, p. 214. 

[126] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 184, p. 214. 

[127] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 209, p. 237. 

[128] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 184, p. 214. 

[129] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 959. 

[130] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 960. 

[131] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. VI, Pars V, RIS XII, col. 242. 

[132] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. VII, RIS XII, col. 242. 

[133] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 961. 

[134] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. VII, Pars XXII, RIS XII, col. 246. 

[135] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. VIII, RIS XII, col. 247. 

[136] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 961. 

[137] Fine (1991), p. 281. 

[138] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 224, p. 251. 

[139] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 257, p. 282. 

[140] Fine (1991), p. 282. 

[141] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. VIII, Pars XI, RIS XII, col. 249. 

[142] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 257, p. 282. 

[143] Pontiari, E. (ed.) (1927-8) De rebus gestis Rogerii Calabrić et Sicilić comitis et Roberti Guiscardi ducis fratris eius (Bologna) (“Malaterra”), III.28, p. 74. 

[144] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. IX, RIS XII, col. 249. 

[145] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 962. 

[146] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XXV, p. 55. 

[147] D H IV 442, p. 593. 

[148] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. IX, Pars X, RIS XII, col. 255. 

[149] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XI, RIS XII, col. 259. 

[150] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 964. 

[151] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XXXII, p. 67. 

[152] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XI, Pars XXIV, RIS XII, col. 267. 

[153] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 224, p. 251. 

[154] Codice Diplomatico Padovano, 224, p. 251. 

[155] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. X, RIS XII, col. 256. 

[156] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 962. 

[157] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XXVI, p. 63. 

[158] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. X, Pars XI, RIS XII, col. 259. 

[159] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XII, RIS XII, col. 267. 

[160] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 965. 

[161] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XL, p. 79. 

[162] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XII, Pars XXVI, RIS XII, col. 274. 

[163] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XII, Pars XXVI, RIS XII, col. 274. 

[164] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XIII, RIS XII, col. 274. 

[165] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 971. 

[166] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XLVII, p. 103. 

[167] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 972. 

[168] Historia Ducum Veneticorum 3, MGH SS XIV, p. 74. 

[169] Historia Ducum Veneticorum 3, MGH SS XIV, p. 74. 

[170] Gesta Friderici Imperatoris Ottonis Frisingensis 4.74, MGH SS XX, p. 489. 

[171] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XIV, RIS XII, col. 283. 

[172] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 972. 

[173] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 973. 

[174] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XIV, Pars XVII, RIS XII, col. 286. 

[175] Historia Ducum Veneticorum 5, MGH SS XIV, p. 76. 

[176] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XV, RIS XII, col. 287. 

[177] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 973. 

[178] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LIX, p. 140. 

[179] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 975. 

[180] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XV, Pars XXVII, RIS XII, col. 296. 

[181] Historia Ducum Veneticorum 5, MGH SS XIV, p. 76. 

[182] Historia Ducum Veneticorum 5, MGH SS XIV, p. 76. 

[183] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XV, Pars XV, RIS XII, col. 292. 

[184] Annales Venetici Breves 1167, MGH SS XIV, p. 71, the date "17 Dec" being inserted in the margin. 

[185] Historia Ducum Veneticorum 5, MGH SS XIV, p. 76. 

[186] Annales Venetici Breves 1167, MGH SS XIV, p. 71, the date "17 Dec" being inserted in the margin. 

[187] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber IX, Cap. XV, Pars XV, RIS XII, col. 292. 

[188] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LIX, p. 140. 

[189] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LXIII, p. 167. 

[190] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. II, RIS XII, col. 308. 

[191] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 979. 

[192] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LXXIII, p. 204. 

[193] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 979. 

[194] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. II, Pars XXXI, RIS XII, col. 314. 

[195] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LXXXV, p. 246. 

[196] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LIX, p. 140. 

[197] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LXIX, p. 177. 

[198] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LXIII, p. 167. 

[199] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. III, RIS XII, col. 315. 

[200] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 980. 

[201] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LXXXV, p. 246. 

[202] Shaw, M. R. B. (trans.) (1963) Joinville and Villehardouin, Chronicles of the Crusades (Penguin) (“Villehardouin”), 2, pp. 32-5. 

[203] Sturdza, M. D. (1999) Dictionnaire Historique et Généalogique des Grandes Familles de Grčce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople (2e edition Paris), p. 478. 

[204] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 986. 

[205] Sturdza (1999), p. 287. 

[206] Historia Ducum Veneticorum Supplementum 13, MGH SS XIV, p. 93. 

[207] Venice Urkunden, Part I, XCV, p. 385. 

[208] Rodd, Sir R. (1907) The Princes of Achaia and the Chronicles of Morea (London, Edward Arnold), Vol. I, p. 114. 

[209] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. III, Pars XXIX, RIS XII, col. 340. 

[210] Miller, W. (1908) The Latins in the Levant.  A History of Frankish Greece (1204-1566) (Cambridge and New York), p. 44. 

[211] Hopf, C. (1873) Chroniques gréco-romanes inédites ou peu connues (Berlin), Estratti degli Annali Veneti di Stefano Magno, pp. 180-1. 

[212] Hopf, C. (1873) Chroniques gréco-romanes inédites ou peu connues (Berlin), Marino Sanudo Torsello Historia del Regno di Romania, I, p. 112. 

[213] Miller (1908), pp. 578-9. 

[214] Estratti degli Annali Veneti di Stefano Magno, p. 180. 

[215] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LIX, p. 140.  

[216] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. I, RIS XII, col. 297. 

[217] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 976. 

[218] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LXIII, p. 167. 

[219] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. I, Pars XXXIX, RIS XII, col. 308. 

[220] Historia Ducum Veneticorum Supplementum 19, MGH SS XIV, p. 97. 

[221] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. III, RIS XII, col. 333. 

[222] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 986. 

[223] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 990. 

[224] Historia Ducum Veneticorum Supplementum 19, MGH SS XIV, p. 96. 

[225] Historia Ducum Veneticorum Supplementum 19, MGH SS XIV, p. 96. 

[226] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. V, RIS XII, col. 345. 

[227] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 991. 

[228] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. V, Pars XLV, RIS XII, col. 358. 

[229] Berger, E. (1897) Les registres d´Innocent IV (Paris), Tome II, 4425, p. 60. 

[230] Mas Latrie, L. de 'Patriarches Latins de Constantinople', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 433. 

[231] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 996. 

[232] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 997. 

[233] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. VI, Pars VI, RIS XII, col. 360. 

[234] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 593. 

[235] Florianus, M. (ed.) (1884) Chronicon Dubnicense, Historić Hungaricć fontes domestici, Pars prima, Scriptores, Vol. III (Lipsia) ("Chronicon Dubnicense"), p. 110. 

[236] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Tomus II, cum continuatione Raphayni Caresini, RIS XII, col. 402. 

[237] Firnhaber, F. ´Heinrich Graf von Hardeck, Burggraf von Duino´, Archiv für Kunde österreichischer Geschichts-Quellen, Zweiter Jahrgang, Band I (Vienna, 1849), XIII, p. 198. 

[238] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Tomus II, cum continuatione Raphayni Caresini, RIS XII, col. 402. 

[239] Venice Urkunden, Part I, LXXXV, p. 246. 

[240] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. VII, RIS XII, col. 361. 

[241] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 997. 

[242] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1002. 

[243] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. VII, Pars XLII, RIS XII, col. 376. 

[244] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. VIII, RIS XII, col. 376. 

[245] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1002. 

[246] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1003. 

[247] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. VIII, Pars XVIII, RIS XII, col. 389. 

[248] Marino Sanudo Torsello Historia del Regno di Romania, II, p. 123. 

[249] Marino Sanudo Torsello Historia del Regno di Romania, III, p. 134. 

[250] Amadi, F. Chronique, ed. R. de Las Matrie, Coll. de doc. inédits (Paris, 1891), p. 218. 

[251] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. VIII, Pars VI, RIS XII, col. 379. 

[252] Sturdza (1999), p. 524. 

[253] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Tomus II, cum continuatione Raphayni Caresini, RIS XII, col. 410. 

[254] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Tomus II, cum continuatione Raphayni Caresini, RIS XII, col. 490. 

[255] Marino Sanudo Torsello Historia del Regno di Romania, III, p. 153. 

[256] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. VIII, Pars VI, RIS XII, col. 379. 

[257] Marino Sanudo Torsello Historia del Regno di Romania, III, p. 153. 

[258] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. IX, RIS XII, col. 389. 

[259] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1003. 

[260] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1004. 

[261] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Liber X, Cap. IX, Pars XXIX, RIS XII, col. 398. 

[262] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Tomus II, cum continuatione Raphayni Caresini, RIS XII, col. 399. 

[263] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1005. 

[264] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1006. 

[265] Andreć Danduli Chronicon Venetum, Tomus II, cum continuatione Raphayni Caresini, RIS XII, col. 401. 

[266] Marino Sanudo Torsello Historia del Regno di Romania, I, p. 104.  

[267] Marino Sanudo Torsello Historia del Regno di Romania, I, p. 104. 

[268] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1006. 

[269] Storia della Repubblica Veneziana scritta da Andrea Navagiero, RIS XXIII, col. 1020. 

[270] Sturdza (1999), p. 287. 

[271] Chronicon Placentinum, RIS XVI, col. 606. 

[272] Mas de Latrie, M. L. (1855) Histoire de l´Ile de Chypre (Paris), Vol. 3, p. 815. 

[273] Buchon (1845) Livre de la conqueste de la Morée, Tome II (1845), p. 460. 

[274] Buchon Tome II (1845), p. 460. 

[275] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 816. 

[276] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 445. 

[277] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 182. 

[278] Cyprus remained in Venetian hands until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1571.  

[279] Sturdza (1999) p. 621. 

[280] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 420. 

[281] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 182. 

[282] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 353.