untitled ENGLISH NOBILITY P - S

v4.1 Updated 13 October 2019

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

PANTULF. 2

PAYNELL. 10

PEVEREL. 26

PICOT. 40

PINKENEY. 44

PIPARD. 53

POMERAI 54

PONT-de-l’ARCHE. 58

RIDEL. 61

RIE. 65

ROLLOS. 73

ROS (of Kent) 74

RUMILLY. 78

SAINT-CLAIR. 79

SAINT-HILAIRE. 85

SAINT-MARTIN. 89

SAINT-MEDARD. 91

STUTEVILLE (ESTOUTEVILLE) 93

 

 

 

PANTULF

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Noron in the present-day French département of Calvados, arrondissement Falaise, canton Falaise[1].  This is demonstrated by Orderic Vitalis recording that "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" donated "ecclesias de Norun" to "S. Ebrulfo", with the consent of "Rogerio comite domino suo", in 1073[2]

 

 

[PANTULF] .  The name of William Pantulf’s father is not known.  However, in light of other examples of Norman families (including Corbet, Picot), it is possible that he was named Pantulf, which was then adopted as a family name by his descendants. 

m BEATRIX, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" donated "terram quam Beatrix mater eius in dominio habebat apud Fossas" to "S. Petro"[3]

[Pantulf] & his wife had two children: 

1.         WILLIAM [I] Pantulf (-16 Apr, after 1112, bur Noron Saint-Pierre).  Orderic Vitalis records "Guillelmum cognomento Pantulfum et Picodum atque Corbatum, filiosque eius Rogerium et Rodbertum" as vassals of Roger de Montgommery in Shropshire, dated to [1071] from the context[4].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" donated "ecclesias de Norun" to "S. Ebrulfo", with the consent of "Rogerio comite domino suo", in 1073, and donated "terram quam Beatrix mater eius in dominio habebat apud Fossas" to "S. Petro"[5].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Willelmum Pantol et Rodbertum de Cordaio nepotem suum" accompanied "Rodbertus…abbas, frater Hugonis de Grentemaisnilio" to Apulia in 1077[6].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Willelmo Pantol", after his return from Apulia, was accused of involvement in the murder of "Mabilia comitissa" [wife of Roger de Montgommery] by "militis Hugonis de Jalgeio" and had his lands confiscated by Roger de Montgommery[7].  Domesday Book records “William Pantulf” holding Wolverley, Great Wytheford, Horton, Wem and many other places in Shropshire[8].  Orderic Vitalis records a second journey to Apulia made by "Willelmus" after the death of William I King of England, after which he donated "unum manerium in Anglia…Traditona" [Trotton, Sussex] to "ecclesia B. Petri"[9].  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112, shortly before he died[10].  Orderic Vitalis records a second journey to Apulia made by "Willelmus" after the death of William I King of England, after which he donated "unum manerium in Anglia…Traditona" [Trotton, Sussex] to "ecclesia B. Petri"[11].  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112[12].  Orderic Vitalis records the death "XVI Kal Mai" of "Guillelmo Pantulfo"[13]m LESCELINE, daughter of --- (-21 Sep, after 1112, bur Noron Saint-Pierre).  Her marriage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records the donations made by "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" and later refers to "Willelmus et Leelina uxor eius"[14].  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112[15].  Orderic Vitalis records the death "XI Kal Oct" of "Guillelmo Pantulfo…Leelina uxor eius"[16].  William [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)         PHILIP Pantulf .  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112, commenting that Philip inherited his father’s patrimony "in Normannia"[17].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Philippus et Robertus ac Ivo et Arnulfus, filii eorum" had not increased the donations of their parents since they died[18]

b)         ROBERT Pantulf (-after 1130).  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112, commenting that "filii eius…Rodbertus" inherited his father’s property "in Anglia"[19].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Philippus et Robertus ac Ivo et Arnulfus, filii eorum" had not increased the donations of their parents since they died[20].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Hugo Malbaeng" accounting "pro placito Duelli inter eum et Robertum Pantulf"[21]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [IVO Pantulf (-after [1175/76]).  Eyton records that Robert had a son named Ivo, ancestor of the later Pantulf family, but he does not cite the primary source on which the information is based[22].  Ivo’s date of death indicates that he was not the same person as Ivo, son of William Pantulf.] 

-         see below

ii)         [ALEXANDER Pantulf (-after [1175/76]).  "Ivo Pantul" donated "terram…Hida…ad manerium Hales" to Haughmond abbey, with the consent of "Willielmi filii Alani", by undated charter (dated to [1175/76]) witnessed by "Ivone capellano, Alexandro fratre meo, Waltero Meverello, Radulpho Diablo"[23].] 

c)         IVO Pantulf Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112[24].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Philippus et Robertus ac Ivo et Arnulfus, filii eorum" had not increased the donations of their parents since they died[25]

d)         ARNULF Pantulf .  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112[26].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Philippus et Robertus ac Ivo et Arnulfus, filii eorum" had not increased the donations of their parents since they died[27]

2.         HELVISE .  Her parentage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records the donations made by "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" and also that "Helvis soror eiusdem Guillelmi" donated "totum mariagium suum de Alberi-Vico" to "S. Petro"[28]same person as…?  daughter .  Assuming that "nepotem" in the passage from Orderic Vitalis, quoted below, indicates nephew, it is likely that Robert de Cordai was the son of a sister of William Pantulf.  If that is correct, it is also possible that he was the son of William’s sister Helvise, who is the only sibling mentioned in the same source.  m --- de Cordai, son of ---.  One child: 

a)         ROBERT de Cordaie (-after 1077).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Willelmum Pantol et Rodbertum de Cordaio nepotem suum" accompanied "Rodbertus…abbas, frater Hugonis de Grentemaisnilio" to Apulia in 1077[29]

 

 

IVO Pantulf, son of [ROBERT Pantulf & his wife ---] (-after [1175/76]).  Eyton records that Robert had a son named Ivo, ancestor of the later Pantulf family, but he does not cite the primary source on which the information is based[30].  Ivo’s date of death indicates that he was not the same person as Ivo, son of William Pantulf.  "…Ivo Pantulf…" witnessed the charter dated to [1130] under which "Nicolaus filius Roberti de Stafford et Robertus primogenitus et heres meus" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Wlfadi de Stanis" to Kenilworth priory[31]A charter of King Henry III dated 4 Apr 1266 records donations to Cumbermere, including the donation of “Clivam” made by “Yvonis Pantulph et Bricii filii sui[32].  "Ivo Pantul" donated "terram…Hida…ad manerium Hales" to Haughmond abbey, with the consent of "Willielmi filii Alani", by undated charter (dated to [1175/76]) witnessed by "Ivone capellano, Alexandro fratre meo, Waltero Meverello, Radulpho Diablo"[33]The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus Purcel et Gaudefridus de Codewalton homines Yvonis Pantolf" accounting in Staffordshire[34]

[m firstly ---.  No direct confirmation has been found of this supposed first marriage.  However, the charter quoted below which names Ivo’s wife Alice names her two sons, which suggests that Ivo’s oldest son and heir was not her son.]  

m [secondly] ALICE de Verdun, daughter of [NORMAN de Verdun & his wife Lesceline de Clinton].  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd"[35].  Her precise parentage is not known, but both the chronology and the name of her son suggest that Alice was probably the daughter of Norman de Verdun. 

Ivo & his [first] wife had three children: 

1.         HUGH Pantulf (-before 28 Dec 1224)Eyton records that Hugh Pantulf confirmed his father’s donation to Shrewsbury abbey, with his wife Christiana, by charter dated to the early 13th century, witnessed by "Robert Corbet and his son Robert, Ivo Pantulf…"[36].  Sheriff of Shropshire 1179-1189.  A charter, dated to the end of King Henry II’s reign, records the sale of "terram…de Wogheresforlong et de Dorfaut" (presumably dated to [1176/79]), in the presence of "Hugone Pantun, Hamelino fratre eius, Bricio fratre eius", its later donation to Haughmond abbey and a subsequent dispute, witnessed by "…Hugone Panton tunc vicecomitis…"[37]"Herveius Bagot" reached agreement with "Thomam de Erdinton", including releasing the latter from marrying "filiæ primogenitæ nostræ Hawisiæ, vel alterius filiæ nostræ, vel tertiæ", with the consent of "dominæ Milisandæ uxoris meæ", by charter dated to [1197], witnessed by "Willelmo filio Alani, Hugone Pantolfe, Roberto Corbet, Johanne Extraneo, Radulfo Basset…William Bagot…"[38]m (before [3 Mar/24 Jun] 1170) CHRISTIANA, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAlan & his [first/second] wife [Christiana ---/Isabel de Say].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by reading several documents together: firstly, under a charter dated [3 Mar/24 Jun] 1170, Henry II King of England authorised deduction from the FitzAlan estates of revenue from the manor of Badminton "which the king had assigned as the marriage portion of William fitz Alan’s daughter"; secondly, Hugh Pantulf donated his rights in the church of Badminton to Lilleshall abbey by charter dated to [1215/18]; thirdly, Hugh Pantulf names his wife "Christiana" in a donation to Shrewsbury abbey[39].  It is assumed that Christiana was William’s daughter by his first marriage because of her name, but this is not beyond all doubt.  Hugh & his wife had five children: 

a)         WILLIAM [V] Pantulf of Wem (-[1232/4 Feb 1233]).  "…William, Alan and Hugh, sons of Hugh Pantulf…" witnessed an undated charter under which Robert Corbet donated tithes to Shrewsbury abbey[40]m (before Jan 1226) HAWISE, daughter of FULK FitzWarin [III] & his first wife Matilda le Vavasour.  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Hauwyse, qe pus fust dame de Wemme" as the first daughter of "Fouke" and his wife "dame Mahaud de Caus"[41].  William [V] & his wife had two children: 

i)          MATILDA Pantulf (-[1286/92]).  m firstly (before 1243) RALPH Le Botiler, son of --- (-3 Jul 1281).  m secondly as his --- wife, WALTER de Hopton, son of --- (-1305). 

ii)         ELIZABETH Pantulf

b)         IVO Pantulf .  Eyton records that Hugh Pantulf confirmed his father’s donation to Shrewsbury abbey, with his wife Christiana, by charter dated to the early 13th century, witnessed by "Robert Corbet and his son Robert, Ivo Pantulf…"[42]

c)         ALAN Pantulf .  "…William, Alan and Hugh, sons of Hugh Pantulf…" witnessed an undated charter under which Robert Corbet donated tithes to Shrewsbury abbey[43]

d)         HUGH Pantulf .  "…William, Alan and Hugh, sons of Hugh Pantulf…" witnessed an undated charter under which Robert Corbet donated tithes to Shrewsbury abbey[44]

e)         R--- Pantulf (-before 1 Nov 1203).  An order dated 1 Nov 1203 records that King John appointed a new chaplain for "capella nostra de Bruges" previously held by "Ulger et deinde R. fil Hug Pantolf"[45]

2.         HAMELIN Pantulf (-after [1176/79]).  A charter, dated to the end of King Henry II’s reign, records the sale of "terram…de Wogheresforlong et de Dorfaut" (presumably dated to [1176/79]), in the presence of "Hugone Pantun, Hamelino fratre eius, Bricio fratre eius", its later donation to Haughmond abbey and a subsequent dispute, witnessed by "…Hugone Panton tunc vicecomitis…"[46]

3.         BRICE Pantulf (-after [1208/11]).  A charter, dated to the end of King Henry II’s reign, records the sale of "terram…de Wogheresforlong et de Dorfaut" (presumably dated to [1176/79]), in the presence of "Hugone Pantun, Hamelino fratre eius, Bricio fratre eius", its later donation to Haughmond abbey and a subsequent dispute, witnessed by "…Hugone Panton tunc vicecomitis…"[47].  “Robertus dominus Moaldie et senescaldus comitis Cestrie” donated “villam de Gorestre” to Chester St. Werburgh by charter dated to [1192/1208], witnessed by “Radulfo de Menilw[arin]...Roberto de Menilwarin, Brito Pantun...[48].  “...Brito Pantul...” witnessed the charter dated to [1208/11] under which “Robertus de Montealto dapifer comitis Cestrie” confirmed the donation of “patronatus ecclesie de Neston” to Chester St. Werburgh made by “Radulphi de Montealto fratris mei[49].  A charter of King Henry III dated 4 Apr 1266 records donations to Cumbermere, including the donation of “Clivam” made by “Yvonis Pantulph et Bricii filii sui[50]

Ivo & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

4.         WILLIAM [II] Pantulf of Cublesdon and Hales (-after 1166).  "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd" by undated charter[51]

-        see below

5.         NORMAN Pantulf .  "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd" by undated charter[52]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [III] Pantulf (-after 1183)Domesday Descendants records the marriage of William Pantulf and "Eleanor eldest daughter of Joscelin de Louvain before 1174", and his acquiring Hambledon, Hampshire on the marriage, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[53].  His parentage has not been identified.  “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit” and for the salvation of “mea et Roehais uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Roberto de Verdun, Waltero de Canvile, Ada de Aldithelee...Willielmo Pantouf, Radulpho de Biseche, Rogero Bagot, Philippo de Draicote, Milone de Verdun[54]m (before 1174) ELEANOR de Percy, daughter of JOSCELIN de Louvain & his wife Agnes de Percy.  Domesday Descendants records the marriage of William Pantulf and "Eleanor eldest daughter of Joscelin de Louvain before 1174", and his acquiring Hambledon, Hampshire on the marriage, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[55].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   

 

 

WILLIAM [II] Pantulf, son of [IVO Pantulf & his [second] wife Alice de Verdun] (-after 1166).  "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd" by undated charter[56]Domesday Descendants states that William, son of Ivo, was the same person as William who is named in the other sources below, but does not cite the primary source which confirms this affiliation[57].  Hubert Archbishop of Canterbury confirmed donations to Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire made by “Willielmus Pantulf…de Bredun”, and including other donations made by “…Burgæ quondam uxoris Willielmi Pantulf de Bredun”, by undated charter[58].  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[59]

m BURGA [de Stuteville], daughter of [ROBERT [II] d’Estouteville & his second wife Erneburga ---] (-after 1166).  Domesday Descendants names "Burga de Stuteville" as the wife of William Pantulf, but does not cite the primary source which confirms her family origin[60].  If this affiliation is correct, the chronology suggests that Burga was the daughter of Robert [II] d’Estouteville and his second wife, named after her mother.  Hubert Archbishop of Canterbury confirmed donations to Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire made by “Willielmus Pantulf…de Bredun”, and including other donations made by “…Burgæ quondam uxoris Willielmi Pantulf de Bredun”, by undated charter[61].  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[62]

William [II] & his wife had three children: 

1.         WILLIAM [IV] Pantulf of Breedon-on-the-Hill, Leicestershire (before [1160]-).  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[63]m JOAN de Goldington, daughter of PETER de Goldington & his wife [Eva ---].  Domesday Descendants names "Joan de Goldington", daughter of Peter de Goldington, as the wife of William Pantulf[64].  William [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ISOLDA Pantulf (-after 1267).  "Isolda q fuit ux Walteri de Baskvill" paid a fine for "dote sua" in Leicestershire, dated 1213[65].  “Isolda Pantulf…in viduitate constitutam” confirmed donations to Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire made by “Willielmi Pantulf avi mei…Burgæ aviæ meæ” by charter dated "die Jovis prox. ante festum sanctæ Margaretæ post mortem Walteri de Baskervile domini mei, anno quo Ricardus de Marisco consecratus fuit in episcopum"[66].  "Isolda Biset" paid a fine for "villa de Magorham…Henr Biset quondam vir suus…habuit" in Wiltshire, dated 9 Dec 1213[67].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1222, by "Almaricus de S. Amando et Isolda uxor eius" against "Ricardum de Cahannes et Sarram uxorem eius" concerning "tercie partis ville de Kideministro…dotem eiusdem Isolde…ad warantum Johannem Biset fratrem et heredem Willelmi [error for Henrici] Bisset quondam viri eiusdem Isolde"[68].  The Complete Peerage states that her son and heir Robert de Tattershall undertook payment of her debts and orders were made in 1223 and 1228 which would normally connote her death, but that in 1267 she was still prosecuting her rights of dower against her grandson Robert de Tattershall[69]m firstly HUGH de Montpinçon, son of ---.  m secondly WALTER de Tattershall, son of ROBERT [de Tattershall] & his wife Isabel --- (-[1199/1200]).  m thirdly WALTER de Baskerville, son of --- (-before Oct 1213).  m fourthly (1213) HENRY Bisset, son of MANASSER Bisset & his wife Alice --- (-1213).  m fifthly AMAURY [I] de Saint-Amand, son of --- (-[Apr/Sep] 1241).

2.         ROGER Pantulf .  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[70]

3.         PHILIP Pantulf .  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[71]

William had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

4.         WILLIAM (-after 1166).  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[72]. 

 

 

 

PAYNELL

 

 

The early generations of this family have been reconstructed from secondary sources, which appear reliable but do not cite the corresponding primary sources.  The individuals are shown below in square brackets.  The result appears convincing, but should not be taken as the final answer. 

 

 

A.      PAYNELL FAMILIES of MOÙTIERS-HUBERT (NORMANDY), DRAX and HOOTON (YORKSHIRE)

 

 

[Two] brothers: 

1.         [WILLIAM Paynell (-[1087]).  Ellis says that "it is all but certain that [Ralph Paynel] was a younger son of the seigneur of Moûtiers-Hubert near Lisieux, and had been with his elder brother William at the battle of Hastings", adding that "William returned to Normandy"[73].  He appears to base this on the Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, which names "Paomiel [which Ellis transcribes as "Painals"] de Moustier-Hubert" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[74], but he cites no source which names William.  Orderic Vitalis records the death of “Guillelmus Paganellus”, dated to 1087 from the context[75].]    m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         [WILLIAM Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert (-after [1145]).  Ellis names "William Paynel of Moûtiers-Hubert and Fulk Paynel of Dudley" as the sons of William Paynell Seigneur de Moûtiers-Hubert, without citing the primary sources on which he bases his supposition[76].  On the other hand, Domesday Descendants amalgamates this William Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert with William Paynell of Drax (see below), stating that the daughter of William FitzWimund was his first wife, while Avice de Rumilly was his second wife[77].  More work is needed on the precise pattern of inheritance of the different properties held by the Paynell family before it can be assessed which version may be correct.  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][78].]  m [--- d’Avranches, daughter of WILLIAM FitzWimund d’Avranches & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are shown in the Complete Peerage, presumably because her supposed brother Robert d’Avranches is described as avunculus of her son Fulk Paynell[79], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.]  William & his wife had four children:   

i)          HUGH Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert (-1180 or before).  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][80].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Hugo Paganellus" with five knights and six knights in his own service[81].  m NICOLE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the Complete Peerage, but the primary source on which the information is based has not yet been identified[82].  Hugh & his wife had two children: 

(a)       PIERRE Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert and West Rasen, Lincolnshire (-1184).  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, states that "Peter...Paynel...joined with his parents and brother William in a gift of land to the abbey of St Stephen at Caen" when his father became a monk there, undated, but he does not cite the source reference[83].  He and three generations of his descendants are shown in the Complete Peerage[84]m ---.  The name of Pierre’s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

(1)       HUGH Paynell (-1244).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hugo Paynel" holding 3 knights’ fees "de Draxe" in Yorkshire and 5 in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][85]

(b)       GUILLAUME Paynell .  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, states that "Peter...Paynel...joined with his parents and brother William in a gift of land to the abbey of St Stephen at Caen" when his father became a monk there, undated, but he does not cite the source reference[86]

ii)         FULK [I] Paynell of Hambye and Bréhal, Normandy and Drax, Yorkshire (-1182).  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][87].  "…Folqueio Painel…" confirmed the charter dated to [1180/82] under which Henry II King of England confirmed a donation to the abbey of Hambie by "Philippus de Columbariis"[88]

-         PAYNELL of HAMBYE

iii)        THOMAS Paynell .  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][89]

iv)       JEAN Paynell .  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][90]

b)         [FULK Paynell (-after 1129).  Ellis names "William Paynel of Moûtiers-Hubert and Fulk Paynel of Dudley" as the sons of William Paynell Seigneur de Moûtiers-Hubert, without citing the primary sources on which he bases his supposition[91]Domesday Descendants does not specify Fulk’s parentage[92].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Fulco Paenell" in Staffordshire[93].] 

-        PAYNELL of DUDLEY, WORCESTERSHIRE

2.         RALPH Paynell (-after 1088).  Ellis says that "it is all but certain that [Ralph Paynel] was a younger son of the seigneur of Moûtiers-Hubert near Lisieux, and had been with his elder brother William at the battle of Hastings"[94].  He appears to base this on the Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, which names "Paomiel [which Ellis transcribes as "Painals"] de Moustier-Hubert" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[95].  Domesday Book records “Ralph Paynel” holding Stockland, East Quantoxhead, Beggearn Huish, West Bagborough and Newhall in Somerset; Drax and other properties in Yorkshire[96].  He held Irnham, Lincolnshire in Domesday book[97].  Sheriff of Yorkshire 1088[98].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Millingtona et in Hugeth…et…in Howald” by “Radulphus Painel[99]"Hugh de Beauchamp, Ralph Paganel" witnessed the charter dated to [1094/1100] under which William II King of England granted a market to St Mary of Thorney[100].  [m firstly ---.  This supposed earlier marriage is suggested by the Complete Peerage which states that land held by Ralph Paynell as a Domesday tenant-in-chief, including Drax in Yorkshire, Irnham in Lincolnshire, and manors in Somerset and Devon, passed "to his son William, presumably by an earlier marriage"[101].]  m [secondly] MAUD, daughter of [RICHARD de Surdeval & his wife ---].  The Complete Peerage states that land in Yorkshire, including the manor of Hooton (Paynell), were acquired by Ralph Paynell "through his marriage to Maud, presumed to be daughter of Richard de Surdeval"[102].  Ralph & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Paynell of Drax (-[1147]).  He inherited Drax, Yorkshire and Irnham, Lincolnshire from his father[103].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Paenell" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[104]Willielmus Paganellus” founded Drax priory, Yorkshire by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo Paganello...[105]"…Willelmo Paganello…" witnessed the charter dated to [1142/46] under which "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father[106]m as her second husband, AVICE de Rumilly, widow of WILLIAM de Courcy, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRanulf du Bessin, of Skipton-in-Craven & his wife Cecily de Rumilly (-[1179][107]).  An undated manuscript relating to Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire records that “Avicia de Romely domina de Bescaudeby” married ”Willielmum Paynel”, and had “filium Willielmum de Curci et filiam Aliciam[108].  “Avicia de Romelli” notified her donation to the canons of Drax, for the soul of “Willelmi Paganelli mariti mei”, with the consent of “domini Roberti de Gant et Adelicie filie mee uxoris eiusdem Roberti”, by charter dated to [1147/52], witnessed by “Robertus de Gant et Adelicia Paganella uxor eius et Adelicia soror Roberti de Gant…[109].  She married thirdly (before 1153) Walter de Percy.  The primary source which confirms her third marriage has not yet been identified.   Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Avicia mater Willelmi de Curcy" held two knights’ fees from "Roberti de Gant" in Yorkshire[110].  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          ALICE Paynell .  An undated manuscript relating to Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire records that “Aviciam de Romely…unicam filiam Aliciam” married ”Roberto de Ganth[111].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   “Avicia de Romelli” notified her donation to the canons of Drax, for the soul of “Willelmi Paganelli mariti mei”, with the consent of “domini Roberti de Gant et Adelicie filie mee uxoris eiusdem Roberti”, by charter dated to [1147/52], witnessed by “Robertus de Gant et Adelicia Paganella uxor eius et Adelicia soror Roberti de Gant…[112].  “R de Gaunt” donated property to Bridlington convent, for the souls of “comitis Gilberti…et…Adeliz uxoris mee et Aviz filie mee” by charter dated to [1156/75][113].  “Robertus de Gaunt et Aeliz Paganella uxor sua et Avicia filia eorum” donated property to the hospital of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated to [1166/77], witnessed by “…Henrico de Gaunt…[114]Robertus de Gant” confirmed that “Willielmus Paganellus” had donated “ecclesiam de Swynamestede...antequam terram possedi cum filia Willielmi Paganelli” to Drax priory by undated charter[115]A charter of King Richard I dated 7 Sep 1189 confirmed donations to Vaudey abbey among which by “Robertus de Gant et Alizia Painell uxor eius[116]m firstly RICHARD de Courcy, son of ROBERT de Courcy & his wife ---.  m secondly as his first wife, ROBERT de Gand, son of WALTER de Gand & his wife Mathilde de Penthièvre (-[1191/92], bur Vaudey Abbey). 

Ralph & his [second] wife had two children: 

b)         JORDAN Paynell of Hooton (-[1147]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Jordan Paenell" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[117].  He inherited the manor of Hooton (Paynell) in Yorkshire from his mother but died childless[118].  Stephen King of England confirmed the possessions of Bridlington priory, including donations made by "Jordanus Paganel…pro anima Geretrudis uxoris sue" and by "Stephani de Meinill privigni sui", by charter dated to [1135/39][119]m (before [1135/39]) as her second husband, GERTRUDE Fossard, widow of ROBERT de Meinil, daughter of NIGEL Fossard & his wife ---.  Domesday Descendants names "Gertrude Fossard, widow of Robert de Meinil" as the wife of Jordan Paynell, but does not cite the primary source which confirms her marriages and family origin[120].  Stephen King of England confirmed the possessions of Bridlington priory, including donations made by "Jordanus Paganel…pro anima Geretrudis uxoris sue" and by "Stephani de Meinill privigni sui", by charter dated to [1135/39][121]

c)         ALEXANDER Paynell of Hooton (-before [1147/53]).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Eustachius de Greinuilla" against "Priorem S. Trinitatis Ebor" for "ecclesiam de Bertona…aduocacionem", reciting that the land was held by "Willelmi Paynel…Radulfus Paynel qui fundavit ecclesiam…Alexandri Painel filii et heredis ipsius Radulfi…Willelmi filii Alexandri Paynel…Frechesante filie ipsius Willelmi"[122].  He inherited the manor of Hooton (Paynell) in Yorkshire from his brother Jordan[123]m AGNES Fossard, daughter of ROBERT FitzNigel Fossard & his wife Ascelina --- (-after [1147/53]).  “Agnes Fossard, filia Roberti Fossard” donated property to the canons of Nostell, with the consent of “Willelmi Fossardi fratris mei”, by charter dated to [1147/53][124].  Alexander & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM Paynell (-1202).  “Agnes Fossard” donated property to the canons of Nostell by charter dated to [1147/53] which names “Willelmo Painel filio suo[125].  “Willelmus Painel” donated property to the canons of Nostell by charter dated to [1154/81][126].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus Paganellus vii l" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][127].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus Paganell xv l, de novo xx s" in Yorkshire in [1171/72][128].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus Paganellus" paying "vii l x s, xv milites" in Yorkshire[129].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus Paganellus" paying "xv l, xv milites" in Yorkshire[130].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Eustachius de Greinuilla" against "Priorem S. Trinitatis Ebor" for "ecclesiam de Bertona…aduocacionem", reciting that the land was held by "Willelmi Paynel…Radulfus Paynel qui fundavit ecclesiam…Alexandri Painel filii et heredis ipsius Radulfi…Willelmi filii Alexandri Paynel…Frechesante filie ipsius Willelmi"[131]m FRETHESANT, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants names "Frethesant" as the wife of William Paynell, but does not cite the primary source which confirms her marriage[132].  William & his wife had three children: 

(a)       ALEXANDER Paynell (-before his father).  Domesday Descendants records that William Paynell and his wife had a son "Alexander who died in his lifetime", but does not cite the primary source which confirms her marriage[133]

(b)       FRETHESANT (-after 1220).  "Henry de Neufmarché" paid a fine for "having as his wife Frethesenta who was the wife of Geoffrey Luttrell, if she wishes", dated to [1217/18][134].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Frethesanth que fuit uxor [...Galfridi Luterel, filia] Willelmi Paynel", adding that "Henricus de Novo Mercato eam habet", holding land in "Rydal" as well as "filia Isabelle sororis Frethesanth predicte…Eustachius de Greinvill eam habet"[135].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Frethesaunte Paynel uxoris Henrici de Nov Mercato" holding land at Stratford[136].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Eustachius de Greinuilla" against "Priorem S. Trinitatis Ebor" for "ecclesiam de Bertona…aduocacionem", reciting that the land was held by "Willelmi Paynel…Radulfus Paynel qui fundavit ecclesiam…Alexandri Painel filii et heredis ipsius Radulfi…Willelmi filii Alexandri Paynel…Frechesante filie ipsius Willelmi"[137]m (before 26 Feb 1204) GEOFFREY Luttrell of Gamston and Bridgeford, Nottinghamshire (-[1216/17]).  m secondly ([Oct 1217/Oct 1218]) HENRY de Neufmarché, son of HENRY de Neufmarché & his wife Denise de Tilly (-1239 or before). 

(c)       ISABEL (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Frethesanth que fuit uxor [...Galfridi Luterel, filia] Willelmi Paynel", adding that "Henricus de Novo Mercato eam habet", holding land in "Rydal" as well as "filia Isabelle sororis Frethesanth predicte…Eustachius de Greinvill eam habet"[138].  m EUSTACE de Grenville, son of ---. 

 

 

Three siblings, parents not identified: 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-after 1205).  "Willelmus Painnell" paid a fine for "saisina de tercia parte ville de Westrasen quem Petrus Painnell frater eius ei dedit" in Lincolnshire, pledging guarantors in Yorkshire, dated 1205[139]

2.         PETER Paynell (-before 1205).  "Willelmus Painnell" paid a fine for "saisina de tercia parte ville de Westrasen quem Petrus Painnell frater eius ei dedit" in Lincolnshire, pledging guarantors in Yorkshire, dated 1205[140]

3.         daughter .  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Robertus de Busci" owing in Yorkshire "pro habenda…maritagio uxoris sue sororis Willelmi Painelli"[141]m ROBERT de Buscy, son of ---. 

 

 

B.      PAYNELL FAMILIES of HAMBYE

 

See the document NORMANDY NOBILITY-AVRANCHES, BAYEUX, COTENTIN. 

 

 

C.      PAYNELL FAMILIES of DUDLEY (WORCESTERSHIRE)

 

 

FULK Paynell, son of [WILLIAM Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert & his wife ---] (-after 1129).  Ellis names "William Paynel of Moûtiers-Hubert and Fulk Paynel of Dudley" as the sons of William Paynell Seigneur de Moûtiers-Hubert, without citing the primary sources on which he bases his supposition[142]Domesday Descendants does not specify his parentage[143].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Fulcoius Paenell" paying half a fine relating to his suit against "Rogerum Parlarium" in Staffordshire[144].  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus[145]

m [BEATRIX, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAnsculf of Dudley & his wife ---].  Domesday Descendants states that Fulk Paynell "acquired the fief of William fitz Ansculf de Picquigny lord of Dudley, Worcestershire, probably by marriage to William’s heiress (?daughter)"[146].  Ellis is more definite, naming "Beatrix, d. and heiress of Will. fitz Ansculph, of Dudley" as the wife of Fulk Paynell, without citing the primary sources on which he bases his supposition[147].  Grazebrook comments that "it has…been suggested, and I think with great probability" that Fulk Paynell acquired the lordship of Dudley "by marriage with Fitz Ansculph’s heiress"[148].  This last quote indicates that the connection is speculative and is not based on any primary source.  Until more information comes to light, this supposed wife of Fulk is shown in square brackets. 

Fulk & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         RALPH Paynell (-before [1160]).  ["…Rad Paganell…" witnessed the charter dated [Jul 1141/Dec 1142] under which Empress Matilda permitted "Milon com Heref" to hold the castle and honour of Abergavenny, from "Bri fil com et Matild de Walengeford uxor sue"[149].  "…Radulfo Paganello…" witnessed the charter dated to [1142/46] under which "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father[150].  It is not known whether these charters refer to Ralph son of Fulk Paynell.]  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus[151]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had two children: 

a)         GERVASE Paynell (-before Sep 1194).  “G. Painel”, considering the proposal of “Radulfi Painel patris mei”, founded Dudley priory, for the salvation of “Isabellæ uxoris meæ et Roberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated by Dugdale to "before 1161"), witnessed by "…Radulpho de Sumeri…"[152].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights fees held from "Gervasius Paganellus" in Staffordshire[153].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Gervasius Paganellus i m" in Staffordshire in [1167/68][154].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Gervasius Paganellus" with one knight "de baillia de Basseis" and four knights in his own service[155].  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus”, witnessed by “Simone comite Northamptoniæ, Isabella comitissa matre eius…Fulcone Paganello, Wilielmo fratre eius…Wilielmo Paganello et Bernardo filio eius…[156].   Baron of Dudley, Worcestershire.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Gervasius Paganellus" paying "lxxix s ii d" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and "xxv l, i milites" in Staffordshire[157].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[158].   The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "de his qui non habent capitales honores…Gervasii Paganelli" paying "xx s" in Oxfordshire and in Buckinghamshire, Bedforshire[159]m (after 1153) as her second husband, ISABELLE de Beaumont, widow of SIMON de Senlis Earl of Huntingdon, daughter of ROBERT de Beaumont Earl of Leicester & his wife Amicie de Gaël .  Robert of Torigny refers to the wife of "Symone comite Huntedoniæ" as "filia Roberti comitis Legecestriæ" but does not name her[160].  Her second marriage is confirmed by charter dated 1187 under which “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus”, witnessed by “Simone comite Northamptoniæ, Isabella comitissa matre eius[161].  “G. Painel”, considering the proposal of “Radulfi Painel patris mei”, founded Dudley priory, for the salvation of “Isabellæ uxoris meæ et Roberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated by Dugdale to "before 1161")[162].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[163].   Gervase & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT Paynell (-before 1194).  “G. Painel”, considering the proposal of “Radulfi Painel patris mei”, founded Dudley priory, for the salvation of “Isabellæ uxoris meæ et Roberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated by Dugdale to "before 1161")[164].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[165]

b)         HAWISE Paynell (-after 1210).  “Hawys Paganella” confirmed donations to Tykford Priory by "Johannes de Sumeri vir meus" by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo de Sumeri filio meo[166].   Smyth records that Roger paid a fine to marry "Hawisia mother of Raph de Somery" in [1196/97][167]Hawis Paynel” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “domini mei Rogeri de Berkele”, for the soul of “Gervasii Paynel fratris mei”, by undated charter[168].   Hawise must have survived her son Ralph [II] de Somery, as shown by a plea in Staffordshire dated 1240 which records that certain land was inherited from "Gervasio Paenel cuidam Hawisie sorori et heredi", and passed from her to her grandsons: "…de iste Radulpho cuidam Willelmi et fratri et heredi, et de Willelmo cuidam Nicholao…filii et heredi, et de Nicholao isti Rogero ut avunculo quia non habuit heredem de corpore sua"[169]m firstly JOHN de Somery, son of --- (-[1191/92]).  m secondly ([1196/97]) ROGER de Berkeley, son of NICHOLAS de Berkeley & his wife Alice [de Teckenham] (-1230). 

2.         [AGNES Paynell (-18 Nov ----).  The manuscript history of the Bruce family of Carleton records that “primus Brus de Carleton…Robertus de Brus” married “Agnetam filiam Fulconis Paynell” and received “manerium de Carleton” from his father-in-law[170].  The primary source which confirms that Agnes’s father was Fulk Paynell of Staffordshire has not yet been identified.  “Robertus de Brus…Agnes uxor mea, filiusque noster Adam de Brus” donated property to Middlesburgh priory by undated charter[171].  “Robertus de Brus…et Agnes uxor mea et Adam filius noster” founded Gisburne Priory, Yorkshire by undated charter[172].  The 1155 Pipe Roll records "Agnes de Bruis…p filio suo"[173].  A charter of King Henry II, dated to [1176/86], confirmed donations to the canons of Gisburne, among which a donation by “Agnetis uxoris Roberti de Brus[174].  The obituary of Gisburne priory records the death “XIV Kal Dec” of "Agnetis Brus uxoris fundatoris nostri"[175]m ROBERT [I] de Brus, son of --- (-11 May 1141, bur Gisburne Priory).] 

 

 

D.      PAYNELL FAMILIES of BAMPTON (DEVONSHIRE)

 

It is probable that William Paynell who married the heiress of Bampton was another son of Fulk Paynell of Dudley, shown above, but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified. 

 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-before 1166).  m as her first husband, JULIANA de Bampton, daughter of ROBERT de Bampton & his wife Emma ---.  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Willielmi Paganelli et matris meæ Julianæ de Bahantune…”, by undated charter[176]Domesday Descendants records that Juliana married secondly (before 1166) Warin de Aula[177].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         FULK Paynell of Bampton, Devonshire (-1208).  "Fulco Painel" paid a fine for "honore de Banton" in Devonshire, dated 1199[178]

-        see below

b)         WILLIAM Paynell .  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter subscribed by “Willielmo Paganello fratre meo…[179].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[180].  

 

 

FULK Paynell of Bampton, Devonshire, son of WILLIAM Paynell & his wife Juliana de Bampton (-1208).  "Fulco Painel" paid a fine for "honore de Banton" in Devonshire, dated 1199[181].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Folqueius Painel…honoris de Banton" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][182].  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Willielmi Paganelli et matris meæ Julianæ de Bahantune et Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed by “Willielmo Paganello fratre meo, Stephano de Bahamtune, Alberto de Bahamtune[183].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property “ecclesiam Hunespill in Brentemares” to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[184].  

m AUDE, daughter of ---.  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ…”, by undated charter[185]

Fulk & his wife had four children: 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-before 4 Feb 1228).  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed[186].  “Willielmus Paynel, filius Fulconis Paynell de Bamtone”, with the consent of “Willielmo Briwere et hæredibus suis”,  confirmed the donation of property “totum manerium de Burgh Walteri” to Tykford Priory by “Fulco Paynel pater meus”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Reginaldo de Mohun, Ricardo Briwere[187]m (after 1213) as her second husband, ALICE Briwere, widow of REYNOLD de Mohun of Dunster, Somerset, daughter of WILLIAM Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-after 1234).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[188].  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by a writ dated 2 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of her son "William Paynel alias Painel" which names the manor of "…Huffeculm…with 10 l land which Fulk Painel gave to William Briwer the elder…but afterwards William Brewer the younger…bestowed the said land upon William Painel, father of this one, in free marriage with Alice his sister" in Devon[189].  "William Paynel" assigned "Alice de Mohun his wife and Hugh de Samford" to make part payments of debts "in each of the three years after starting out on his pilgrimage to the Holy Land" with the manor of Bampton as security, dated 27 Sep, although listed in the roll among other fines dated [Feb/Mar] 1228[190].  Henry III King of England ordered the sheriff of Devon to release "dotem suam...Willelmum filium et heredi predicti Willelmi" to "Alicia de Moyun que fuit uxor Willelmi Paynel", and confirmed the custody granted to “Hereberto filio Mathei”, dated 1228[191].  The king granted custody of "the land and heir of William Paynel to Herbert son of Matthew", saving to "Alice who was William’s wife…her…dower", dated 18 Nov 1228[192].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees of William Briwere, dated 1234, records "porcio Alicie de Moyun"[193].  William & his wife had three children: 

a)         AUDE ([1209/10]-1261).  A writ dated 2 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "William Paynel alias Painel" names "Lady Auda wife of John de Balun, age variously stated as 30 and more and 40, is his heir"[194].  The document does not specify the relationship between the deceased and his heir, but it appears that she was too old to have been his daughter so was probably his sister.  Aude’s age in this document is inconsistent with the marriage date of her supposed parents as shown above, but may have been exaggerated.  m JOHN de Ballon, son of JOHN de Ballon & his first wife --- (-1275). 

b)         MILICENT Paynell (-before 1249)The Complete Peerage states that Herbert FitzMatthew married “Milicent da. and coh. of William Paynel of Bampton, Devon” but does not cite the corresponding primary source[195].  An indication of the connection between the two families is provided by the order dated 4 Feb 1228 under which Henry III King of England granted "custodiam terre et heredis Willelmi Paynel" to "Hereberto filio Mathey" and ordered the sheriff of Devon to release them to him[196].  She must have died childless before 1249 when an inquisitions after her brother’s death name his sister Aude as his heir. m HERBERT FitzMatthew, son of MATTHEW FitzHerbert & his wife Joan Patric (-3 or 5 Feb 1245). 

c)         WILLIAM Paynell (-before 2 Jan 1249).  Henry III King of England granted "custodiam terre et heredis Willelmi Paynel" to "Hereberto filio Mathey" and ordered the sheriff of Devon to release them to him, 4 Feb 1228[197].  Henry III King of England ordered the sheriff of Devon to release "dotem suam...Willelmum filium et heredi predicti Willelmi" to "Alicia de Moyun que fuit uxor Willelmi Paynel", and confirmed the custody granted to “Hereberto filio Mathei”, dated 1228[198].  The king granted custody of "the land and heir of William Paynel to Herbert son of Matthew", saving to "Alice who was William’s wife…her…dower", dated 18 Nov 1228[199].  A writ dated 2 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "William Paynel alias Painel" names "Lady Auda wife of John de Balun, age variously stated as 30 and more and 40, is his heir" and the manors of "Baunton which he gave to John de Hockeford 15 days before he died, Huffeculm…with 10 l land which Fulk Painel gave to William Briwer the elder…but afterwards William Brewer the younger…bestowed the said land upon William Painel, father of this one, in free marriage with Alice his sister" in Devon[200]

2.         FULK Paynell .  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed[201]

3.         JULIANA Paynell .  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed[202]

4.         CHRISTIANA Paynell .  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed[203]

 

 

E.      OTHER PAYNELL FAMILIES

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell .  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Longues, including the donation of "medietatem ecclesie de Ria" made by "Willelmi Paienelli et Alienoris uxoris sue", by charter dated to [1185/89][204]m ELEANOR, daughter of ---.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Longues, including the donation of "medietatem ecclesie de Ria" made by "Willelmi Paienelli et Alienoris uxoris sue", by charter dated to [1185/89][205].  This donation suggests that Eleanor was a member of the Rie family. 

 

2.         WILLIAM Paynell, son of --- .  This William Paynell has not yet been identified.  m --- de Munchensy, daughter of WARIN de Munchensy & his wife Agnes ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[206]

 

 

Two brothers and [one sister], parents not known: 

1.         JORDAN Paynell .  "Walter de Gaunt" founded Bridlington priory, with the assent of Henry I King of England, by undated charter, witnessed by "…Jordan Paganel…"[207].  "W. de Gaunt" donated land at Besingby to Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Jordan Painel, Hugh his brother, W. de Mundevill his nepote…"[208].  "Jordan Paynel" notified the donation by "Jertrudis my wife" to Bridlington priory of land in Bridlington "of her dower which Robert de Masinlio her former husband had given her", with the permission of "Stephen her son and heir", by undated charter[209].  The following charter in the compilation records the donation of "Stephen de Menyl", presumably Jordan’s stepson named in the earlier document, dated 1267, which suggests that the former charter should be dated to [1240/60].  However, this dating is incorrect, as shown by the charter of Henry I King of England under which he confirmed donations to Bridlington priory, including by “Jordan Paganl” for the soul of “Geretrud his wife” and the grant of "Stephen de Maynil his stepson"[210]m as her second husband, GERTRUDE, widow of ROBERT de Meynill, daughter of ---.  "Jordan Paynel" notified the donation by "Jertrudis my wife" to Bridlington priory of land in Bridlington "of her dower which Robert de Masinlio her former husband had given her", with the permission of "Stephen her son and heir", by undated charter[211].  Henry I King of England confirmed donations to Bridlington priory, including by “Jordan Paganl” for the soul of “Geretrud his wife” and the grant of "Stephen de Maynil his stepson", by undated charter[212]

2.         HUGH Paynell .  "W. de Gaunt" donated land at Besingby to Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Jordan Painel, Hugh his brother, W. de Mundevill his nepote…"[213]

3.         [BEATRIX Paynell (-11 Nov ----).  Her parentage and marriage are assumed from the undated charter under which "W. de Gaunt" donated land at Besingby to Bridlington priory, witnessed by "…Jordan Painel, Hugh his brother, W. de Mundevill his nepote…"[214].  “Walterus de Amundevill…et mater mea Beatrix” founded Ellesham Prioryby charter dated to before 1166 witnessed by “Willielmo, Elia, Radulfo, Adam de Amundevilla fratribus meis…Willielmo de Amundevilla…[215].  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “III Id Nov” of “Beatrix uxor Goslani dapiferi[216].  This is the only source so far identified which indicates the name of Beatrix’s husband.  m JOSCELIN de Amundeville, son of --- (-5 Apr ----).] 

 

 

1.         ADAM Paynell (-after [Mar] 1216).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Adam Paganellus" paying "xx s, i militem" in Lincolnshire[217].  "Adam Paynel" paid a fine for the liberation of "Adam nepotem suum" as hostage, dated [Mar] 1216[218]m ---.  The name of Adam’s wife is not known.  Adam & his wife had one child: 

a)         --- Paynellm ---.  One child: 

i)          ADAM (-after [Mar] 1216).  "Adam Paynel" paid a fine for the liberation of "Adam nepotem suum" as hostage, dated [Mar] 1216[219]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-after 25 Aug 1227).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Willelmus Pahienel pro hereditate que fuit uxoris sue iv milites" among the tenants of the honour of Wallingford[220].  "William Paynel and Sara his wife" donated property "in Watlinton" to Oseney abbey dated 25 Aug 1227[221]m SARAH, daughter of --- (-after 25 Aug 1227).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Willelmus Pahienel pro hereditate que fuit uxoris sue iv milites" among the tenants of the honour of Wallingford[222].  "William Paynel and Sara his wife" donated property "in Watlinton" to Oseney abbey dated 25 Aug 1227[223].  

 

2.         RALPH Paynell .  “Jord Foliot Isold de Gray et Rad Paynel” swore homage for the lands of “Robti Bardulf avunculi sui”, and accepted security from “Robto Lupo loco Matild Bardulf matris sue que est una herederum predicti Roberti”, dated 1 Jul 1225[224].  Ralph Paynell was presumably the son of one of the sisters of Robert Bardulf. 

 

 

 

PEVEREL

 

 

A.      PEVEREL FAMILIES of HATFIELD, ESSEX and NOTTINGHAM

 

 

1.         RANULF Peverel of Hatfield, Essex (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Ranulph Peverel” holding Ewelme in Oxfordshire; numerous properties in Essex[225]m [INGELRICA, daughter of INGELRIC & his wife ---] (-[1100]).  Dugdale records that Ingelrica, wife of Ranulf Peverell "who had been mistress to King William the Conqueroris stated to have founded…in the time of King William Rufus a college of secular canons dedicated to St Mary Magdalen" at Hatfield Peverell which she entered and stayed until her death "about the year 1100"[226].  He does not reproduce the primary source which provides the basis for this information.  Eyton says that, according to Dugdale, her relationship with William (then Duke of Normandy) predated her marriage and that Duke William was the father of her son William Peverel[227].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Ranulf & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM Peverel (-28 Jan 1114).  Orderic Vitalis records that William I King of England constructed “Snotingeham castrum” [Nottingham] and entrusted it to “Guillelmo Peverello”, dated to 1068[228].  Domesday Book records “William Peverel” holding properties in Buckinghamshire; numerous properties in Northamptonshire; several properties in Derbyshire; numerous properties in Nottinghamshire[229].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Rudstan” by “Willielmus de Peverel[230].  “…Willelmo Peverello…” witnessed the charter dated Sep 1093 under which William II King of England donated property to Lincoln cathedral[231].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of the church of Lenton to Cluny, by charter dated to [1103/14], which records “Willelmo Peverello cum uxore sua Adaleida et filio suo Willelmo” as founders of the church and is subscribed by “Mathildis regine, Willelmi Pevrelli de Notingaham, Adeline sue uxoris, Willelmi Pevrelli filii illorum, Ro[berti] comitis Mellentis, Gisleberti de Aquila…Roberti fratris Willelmi Pevrelli, Simonis comitis, Stephani comitis de Alber[232].  “Robertus de Laceio” founded Pontefract Priory, for the soul of “Hylberti patris mei et Hawisiæ matris meæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “W. Peverel…[233].  The Cartulary of the Priory of St James, Northampton records the death “V Kal Feb” of “Willi Peverell fundatoris[234]m ADELINE, daughter of ---.  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of the church of Lenton to Cluny, by charter dated to [1103/14], which records “Willelmo Peverello cum uxore sua Adaleida et filio suo Willelmo” as founders of the church and is subscribed by “… Willelmi Pevrelli de Notingaham, Adeline sue uxoris, Willelmi Pevrelli filii illorum…[235].  “Willelmus Peverellus” donated land “juxta Picheseie” to Colchester St. John, with the advice of “matris mee A.”, by undated charter[236].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Adeline mat[ri Will Peur] de Noting" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire[237].  The Cartulary of the Priory of St James, Northampton records the death “XIV Kal Feb” of “Adelyne uxis ei” (immediately after that of “Willi Peverell fundatoris”)[238].  William & his wife had four children: 

i)          ADELISE ([1075/80]-after 27 May 1156).  "Adeliz de Redveris" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "patris mei…Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham…et matris mee Adeline", with the consent of "filiorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de ---…et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Reveris, Henrici atque Willelmi", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Stephanus de Magnevilla…Willelmus Avenel…"[239].  Her husband’s name is confirmed by another charter under which “Adeliz de Reviers” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the soul of “domini mei Ricardi de Reviers”, also undated[240].  The chronology of her descendants suggests that she must have been born not later than [1075/80].  "Adeliza de Reviers" wrote to Goscelin Bishop of Salisbury, by charter dated to [1142/55], notifying him of her donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg of property which "her father William Peverel of Nottingham" gave with her to "Richard de Reviers"[241]m RICHARD de Reviers, son of GUILLAUME de Vernon & his wife Emma [de Crépon] (-8 Sep 1107, bur Abbey de Montebourg). 

ii)         WILLIAM Peverel (-1100).  The Cartulary of the Priory of St James, Northampton records the death “XVI Kal Mai 1111” of “Willi filii dci dni Willi Peverell”, another manuscript recording the year as 1100[242].  Assuming that the death date of his father and the estimated birth date range of his sister Adelise are both correct, it is unlikely that 1111 could have been the correct year of William’s death, considering that his parents had another son named William who was presumably born after the older William died. 

iii)        MATILDA Peverel (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Mathildi sorori Willi Peur de Noting" in Northamptonshire[243]

iv)       WILLIAM Peverel ([1100/05]-after 1155).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of the church of Lenton to Cluny, by charter dated to [1103/14], which records “Willelmo Peverello cum uxore sua Adaleida et filio suo Willelmo” as founders of the church and is subscribed by “… Willelmi Pevrelli de Notingaham, Adeline sue uxoris, Willelmi Pevrelli filii illorum…[244].  Considering the likely estimated birth date of William’s sister Adelise, it is unlikely that William could have been born much later than the earliest years in the 12th century.  This therefore suggests that “Willelmi Pevrelli filii illorum” in the charter dated to [1103/14] could not refer to the older brother of this William Peverel junior, whose death is recorded elsewhere (see above).  “Willelmus Peverellus” donated land “juxta Picheseie” to Colchester St. John, with the advice of “matris mee A.”, by undated charter[245].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Peur de Noting" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire in respect of "Forest"[246].  King Stephen named “Willielmo Peverello juniori cum uxore sua Oddona et filio suo Henrico” in his charter relating to Lenton Priory[247].  Ralph de Diceto records that "Willelmus Peverel de Notingeham" was disinherited in 1155 for poisoning "Ranulfo comiti Cestriæ"[248].  The 1156 Pipe Roll records "Willi Peurelli de Notingen" in Nottinghamshire, with a revenue of ₤175, and the 1157 Pipe Roll "Willi Peurelli" in Nottinghamshire[249].  In 1155, Henry II King of England confiscated the properties of William Peverel, who retired to a monastery[250]m firstly ODDONA, daughter of ---.  King Stephen named “Willielmo Peverello juniori cum uxore sua Oddona et filio suo Henrico” in his charter relating to Lenton Priory[251]m secondly ([1140/45]) [as her first husband,] HAWISE de Lancaster, daughter of --- (-after [1188/89]).  “Avisia de Lancastria, uxor Willielmi Peverel” donated property to Derley Priory by undated charter[252].  The Complete Peerage which speculates that the wife of William Peverel was Hawise, daughter of Roger de Montgommery Lord of Lancaster & his wife Almodis Ctss de la Marche[253].  This is not an ideal fit.  Her supposed father Roger was banished from England in 1102 and retired to La Marche, so it is unclear why Hawise would have been described as “de Lancastria” in a charter which must have been dated about 40 years later.  In any case, the chronology is also unfavourable.  It is unlikely that the wife of Roger de Montgommery, Almodis de la Marche, was born much later than 1070, given the known chronology of her family, which means that her children would have been born before 1110 at the latest.  On the other hand, it is likely that William Peverel’s second marriage should be dated to the early 1140s at the earliest, as his first wife is named in one of the charters of Stephen King of England (who succeeded in 1135).  Such a marriage date is late if his second wife was born in the early 1100s, and impossible assuming that his widow was the same person who married Richard de Morville and had children by him in the late 1150s.  According to Domesday Descendants, she married secondly Richard de Morville (no corresponding primary source cited)[254].  The primary source which confirms that the widow of William Peverel was the same person who remarried Richard de Morville has not yet been identified.  Domesday Descendants states that the wife of Richard de Morville was Hawise de Lancaster, daughter of William de Lancaster (no corresponding primary source cited)[255].  As can be seen from the chronology of William de Lancaster’s known wife Gundred de Warenne, this affiliation would only be possible if Hawise had been born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage.  On the other hand, the onomastics are favourable, as each succeeding generation of this "de Lancaster" family included a Hawise de Lancaster.  "Avicia de Lonc spouse of Richard de Morevilla, with the consent of William her heir and her other heirs" confirmed a donation to Furness St. Mary by charter dated to [1188/89][256].  William & his first wife had [two] children: 

(a)       HENRY Peverel .  King Stephen named “Willielmo Peverello juniori cum uxore sua Oddona et filio suo Henrico” in his charter relating to Lenton Priory[257]

(b)       [MARGARET ([1123/26]-).  “Robertus comes de Ferrariis” granted property “in Stebbingis…per Margaretam comitissam uxorem meam” to Morice FitzGeoffrey by charter dated “VI Kal Oct IV anno imperii Regis Stephani” (1139)[258].  Her parentage is suggested by the charter of John King of England which names “Willelmo de Ferrariis comiti” as heir to territories of “Willelmi Peverell[259].  If this parentage is correct, Margaret is unlikely to have been born outside the narrow date range shown above, which would also indicate that her marriage took place only shortly before the date of this charter.  m (before 1139) ROBERT Ferrers Earl [of Derby], son of ROBERT de Ferrers Earl [of Derby] & his wife Hawise --- (-before 1160, bur Merevale Abbey).] 

b)         ROBERT Peverel (-after 1103).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of the church of Lenton to Cluny, by charter dated to [1103/14], which records “Willelmo Peverello cum uxore sua Adaleida et filio suo Willelmo” as founders of the church and is subscribed by “…Roberti fratris Willelmi Pevrelli…[260]

c)         [RANULF Peverel (-after 27 Jan 1091).  "…Ranulfus Peverellis…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Jan 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the status of Bath abbey[261].  Assuming that the dates attributed to William, son of Ranulf Peverel, are correct as shown above, it is unlikely that Ranulf who witnessed this charter was William’s father.  It is assumed therefore that he was another younger brother of William who is unrecorded elsewhere.] 

 

 

1.         HENRY Peverel of Lund .  m ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH Peverel of Lund .  “Hugh Peuerel son of Henry Peuerel of Lund” donated land “in the field of Lund and of Edenham, lying upon Foxeberche” to Bridlington Priory by undated charter[262].  “Hugh Peuerel of Lund” donated revenue from Lund, to be received from “Agnes Peuerel the grantor’s sister”, to Bridlington Priory by undated charter[263]

b)         AGNES Peverel .  “Hugh Peuerel of Lund” donated revenue from Lund, to be received from “Agnes Peuerel the grantor’s sister”, to Bridlington Priory by undated charter[264]

 

 

B.      PEVEREL FAMILIES of DOVER and BOURN, CAMBRIDGESHIRE

 

The connection between the following family sub-group and the Peverel family of Nottingham has not yet been ascertained.  The precise reconstruction of the following family as shown below is approximate and depends on the co-identity of William Peverel of Bourne (named in the Thorney charter) with William Peverel of Dover (named in the Shrewsbury charters). 

 

Four siblings, parent not identified: 

1.         HAMO Peverel of Dover (-1138 or before).  "…Willelmo Peurell Doure et Haimone Peurello et Ricardo Peurello…" witnessed the charter dated 1114 under which Henry I King of England granted the land of Roger de Worcester to Walter de Beauchamp[265].  "Stephanus comes Moritoni" confirmed the donation to Bec Sainte-Marie by "Willelmus Pevrellus de Dovra" with the consent of "fratrum suorum Hamonis et Pagani", by charter dated 1127[266].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Hamoni Peur" exempted in Staffordshire[267].  “Willielmus Peverellus de Douria” donated property “Wlurunton, Einardeseiam, Crugelton” granted to him by “Hamo Peverell patruus meus” to Shrewsbury abbey by undated charter[268].  "Hamo Paperellus" granted property "in Waletonia" to "Seburgæ filiæ meæ", dated to [1137/41][269].  “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ” by undated charter[270]m SIBYL, daughter of GERARD de Tornay & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are recorded by Eyton[271].  Hamo had one [illegitimate] child by [an unknown mistress]: 

a)         SEBURGA .  "Hamo Paperellus" granted property "in Waletonia" to "Seburgæ filiæ meæ", dated to [1137/41][272].  Eyton concludes that Seburga must have been illegitimate as she and her descendants held property as tenants of her father’s collateral heirs[273].  William FitzAlan confirms the foundation of Wombourne abbey by "Willielmi et uxoris eius Saburgæ de Hedlega et Alani eorum filii" by undated charter, dated to [1130/35][274]m WILLIAM de Hadley, son of --- (-[1135/36]). 

2.         ROBERT [Payn] Peverel (-after 1127, bur Barnwell).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ[275].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that Henry I King of England granted the barony of "Roberto filio Pycoti" in Cambridgeshire to "suo familiari…Pagano Peuerel"[276].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “Pagano Peverelle…militi”, in the time of Henry I King of England, as a donor to the priory in 1112[277].  The other references in the same source, quoted below, suggest that Payn must have been an alias of Robert Peverel.  "Stephanus comes Moritoni" confirmed the donation to Bec Sainte-Marie by "Willelmus Pevrellus de Dovra" with the consent of "fratrum suorum Hamonis et Pagani", by charter dated 1127[278].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Pagani Peuerel" died just before ten years after the move of canons to Barnwell priory and was buried at Barnwell[279]m ADELISA, daughter of ---.  “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ” by undated charter[280].  Robert & his wife had five children: 

a)         WILLIAM [II] Peverel of Bourne, later of Dover (-Palestine [1147/48]).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Willelmus filius eius" succeeded on the death of "Pagano Peuerel" and confirmed his father’s donations to Barnwell priory and also donated "terre in Brunna"[281].  “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ” by undated charter[282].  “Willielmus Peverellus de Douria” donated property “Wlurunton, Einardeseiam, Crugelton” granted to him by “Hamo Peverell patruus meus” to Shrewsbury abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Walchelinus Maminot…"[283].  "…Willelmus Pevrel de Dovra…" subscribed a charter dated 8 Aug 1111 under which Henry I King of England confirmed the episcopate of Somerset at Bath[284].  "…Willelmo Peurell Doure et Haimone Peurello et Ricardo Peurello…" witnessed the charter dated 1114 under which Henry I King of England granted the land of Roger de Worcester to Walter de Beauchamp[285].  "Walkelinus Maminot" donated Bradford mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "Rogerio filio Warini et Fulcone fratre suo, Stephano de Haia et Michaele fratre suo", and "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" also donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[286].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Willelmus…de Dovre" opposed King Stephen during the civil war and joined the crusade during which her was killed, dated from the context to [1147][287].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory records that “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani” confirmed his father’s donations but died childless in Jerusalem[288].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Willelmus [Peuerel]" died in Jerusalem leaving as his heirs "quatuor sorores…Pagani filias"[289]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[290]

b)         MATILDA (-before 1185).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Matilda died childless[291].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Matildis de Doure" as oldest of the four sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" adding that she died "sine herede" and that her share in her brother’s inheritance was divided between her three sisters[292].  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[293].  "…Mathilde uxore mea…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[294].  "William Fitz Warin of Burwasley" witnessed the charter dated to [1161/72] under which "Hugh de Dover and Matilda his wife" restored property to Shrewsbury abbey[295]m HUGH de Dover of Chilham, Kent, son of FULBERT de Dover & his wife Adelaide --- (-[1167/72]). 

c)         ALICE (-after 1185).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Alice married “Hamonis Feche senioris” by whom she had “filii et filiæ, primogenitus…Gilbertus Pecche primus et secundus…Gaufridus Pecche” and lists their descendants[296].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Aelicia" as one of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, the text indicating that she was the oldest of the surviving sisters, adding that she married "Hamonis Peche senioris" by whom she had "filii et filie"[297].  Her parentage and marriage are further confirmed by Hamon, her husband, recording in 1166 that William Peverel “gave him two knights’ fees in frank marriage with his sister[298], and by the undated charter under which "Gilbertus Peccatum" confirmed donations of land "in Harcalua" held by "Matildis de Dovre amita mea"[299]m HAMO Pecche, son of WILLIAM Pecche & his second wife Isilia --- (-[1168/85]). 

d)         ROHESE .  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[300].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Roysia" as second of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that "de illa processit Albreda de Harecurt"[301]m IVO d’Harcourt, son of ROBERT d’Harcourt & his wife Agnes --- (-after 1166). 

e)         ASCELINE (-before 1190).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina de Waterville” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Asceline was mother of “duæ filiæ…Ascelina de Waterville et Matildis de Diva[302].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Ascelina de Wateruile" as third of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that she was mother of "due filie Ascelina de Wateruille et Matildis de Diva", the former being the mother of "Rogerus de Torpel" and the latter of "Hugo de Diva"[303].  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[304].  "G. de Waltervilla" granted his part of "Herchalun…et…meam partem de feudo Hugonis de Laci" to "Willielmo de Hetlehe", with the consent of "Acelinæ uxoris meæ et Radulfi filii mei", by charter dated to [1155/62], which names "Hamo Piperellus avunculus uxoris meæ"[305].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   m firstly GEOFFREY de Walterville [Waterville], son of ASCELIN de Walterville & his wife --- (-[1160/62]).  m secondly (1163) SAHER [II] de Quincy, son of SAHER [I] de Quincy & his wife Matilda de Senlis ([1138]-[1190/92]). 

3.         WILLIAM [I] Peverel (-1133 or after).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ[306].  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera, Hamundo P. fratri suo et Willilemo P. nepoti suo" enfeoffed "Thurstano dapifero meo" with "Geddingam et Laiwellam" by charter dated to [1121/22][307].  "Stephanus comes Moritoni" confirmed the donation to Bec Sainte-Marie by "Willelmus Pevrellus de Dovra" with the consent of "fratrum suorum Hamonis et Pagani", by charter dated 1127[308].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo Peur de Doura" in Huntingdonshire[309]

4.         [EMMA] .  Eyton calls "Emma Peverel supposed wife of Hugh Maminot" parents of Walkelin Maminot but does not cite the primary source which confirms their names[310].  Her relationship to William Peverel is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Walchelinus Maminot" restored “terram de Lega” (near Ellesmere), unjustly taken by “avunculus meus Willielmus Peverel”, to Shrewsbury abbey[311]m [HUGH] Maminot, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         RICHARD Peverel (-after 1114).  "…Willelmo Peurell Doure et Haimone Peurello et Ricardo Peurello…" witnessed the charter dated 1114 under which Henry I King of England granted the land of Roger de Worcester to Walter de Beauchamp[312]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Peverel (-after 1155).  The 1155 Pipe Roll refers to "in dñio Will. Peurell" in Lincolnshire[313]

 

2.         WILLIAM Peverel .  “Willielmus Peverellus” donated “terram meam de Cortinestoca”, held by “Robertus et Godwinus et Hamo”, to Garendon abbey (Leicestershire), with the consent of “Willielmi filii mei et heredis mei”, by undated charter (maybe dated to the mid-12th century from the context of other charters)[314].  This William Peverel was presumbly the same person as one of the other William Peverels named in this section.  However, no other source has been identified which names William as father of another William Peverel.  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Peverel .  “Willielmus Peverellus” donated “terram meam de Cortinestoca” to Garendon abbey (Leicestershire), with the consent of “Willielmi filii mei et heredis mei”, by undated charter (maybe dated to the mid-12th century from the context of other charters)[315]

 

3.         WILLIAM Peverel (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus Peverel" used to hold one knight’s fee in Hampshire now held by "Robertus del Broc"[316]

 

4.         THOMAS Peverel .  "Hugo de Nevilla" granted land at Lound near Bourne, Lincolnshire held by "Baldwinus de Saint Omer quam dedit comes Simon Alano fratri meo et post mortem predicti Alani michi confirmavit" to "Tome Peuerel" by charter dated to the late 12th century[317]

 

5.         ROBERT Peverel (-after 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Normannus de Normanville et Robertus Peverel ii m i militem" in Sussex in [1160/61][318].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Peverel et Normannus de Normanville" held one knight’s fee in Sussex from the king[319]

 

6.         ROBERT Peverel (-after 1190).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus Peverellus" in Sussex[320]

 

7.         MATTHEW Peverelm ---.  Matthew & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Peverel (-on Crusade before 7 Apr 1202).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus Peverellus filius Mathæi c s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1186/87][321].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus Peverel" paying "xxx s, iii milites" in Norfolk, Suffolk[322].  An order of King John dated 7 Apr 1202 granted "custodia terre et heredis Willielmi Peverelli, qui in partibus Jerusalem obiit" to "T’rico Theuton"[323]

 

 

C.      PEVEREL FAMILIES of DORSET and SOMERSET

 

 

Two brothers, parents not identified: 

1.         THOMAS Peverelm AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1249).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Thome Peuerel…infra etatem" against "Robertus Peuerel" for withholding land "in Ardientona" of which "Thomas Peuerel pater predicti Thome…sui fratris" was seised, noting that Thomas was born posthumously from "Agnes mater et custos predicti Thome"[324].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Hampshire, dated 1249, which include "Andreas Peverel...terre in bergthon...Agnes Peverel et Annora neptis eius...in Manebrig et Berton"[325].  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         THOMAS Peverel (-[before 1249]).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Thome Peuerel…infra etatem" against "Robertus Peuerel" for withholding land "in Ardientona" of which "Thomas Peuerel pater predicti Thome…sui fratris" was seised, noting that Thomas was born posthumously from "Agnes mater et custos predicti Thome"[326]m ---.  The name of Thomas’s wife is not known.  Thomas & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [ANORA .  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Hampshire, dated 1249, which include "Andreas Peverel...terre in bergthon...Agnes Peverel et Annora neptis eius...in Manebrig et Berton"[327].  It is assumed that this entry refers to a granddaughter of Agnes which, if correct, suggests that she may have been the daughter of Agnes’s son, presumably deceased.  This hypothesis has not been confirmed.] 

2.         ROBERT Peverel (-before Sep 1227).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus Peverel" holding nine knights’ fees "de feodo eiusdem" in Cornwall in [1210/12][328].  "Eiusdem" in the text refers to the previous line which records "Robertus filius Walteri" holding eleven knights’ fees "de feodo Ricardi de Lusci avunculi sui".  It is not specified whether was Richard de Lucy was also uncle to Robert Peverel, but the large number of knights’ fees suggest that they may have been acquired due to a family relationship.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus Peverel" holding "Bradeforde…de honore Bononiæ" in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12][329].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Somerset and Dorset, dated 1219, which includes "Robertus de Peverel" holding "Bradeford"[330].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Thome Peuerel…infra etatem" against "Robertus Peuerel" for withholding land "in Ardientona" of which "Thomas Peuerel pater predicti Thome…sui fratris" was seised, noting that Thomas was born posthumously from "Agnes mater et custos predicti Thome"[331]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ANDREW Peverel (-before 20 Mar 1274).  "Andrew Peverel" made a fine "for his relief of all the lands which Robert Peverel, his father, held of the king in chief in Burtin and Blatchington", dated 28 Sep 1227[332].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 20 Mar "2 Edw I" following the death of "Andrew Peverel" name “Thomas his son aged 30 and more is his next heir” and deals with the manors of “Blachinton alias Blechinton...[333].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Hampshire, dated 1249, which include "Andreas Peverel...terre in bergthon...Agnes Peverel et Annora neptis eius...in Manebrig et Berton"[334]m ---.  The name of Andrew’s wife is not known.  Andrew & his wife had one child: 

i)          THOMAS Peverel .  Inquisitions after a writ dated 20 Mar "2 Edw I" following the death of "Andrew Peverel" name “Thomas his son aged 30 and more is his next heir” and deals with the manors of “Blachinton alias Blechinton...[335]

 

 

D.      PEVEREL FAMILIES of SANFORD, DEVONSHIRE

 

 

1.         MATILDA Peverel .  Henry I King of England confirmed the donations of land "in corpore manerii de Plimtona" by "Bald de Ridveriis et Wido de Nunant et Robertus filius Martini et Matilda Peverel uxor sua" to Plympton priory, Devonshire by charter dated to [1121/35][336].  According to Domesday Descendants, Matilda was the daughter of Ranulf Peverel of Essex[337], but this appears unlikely to be correct if her husband’s date of death is accurate as shown here.  Her connection with the Peverel family of Sanford is indicated by the undated charter under which "H. Peverel lord of Samford" donated "land of Buelle which the lady Matilda Peverel had before given", for the welfare of "himself and Cicely his wife"[338]m as his first wife, ROBERT FitzMartin, son of MARTIN & his wife Geva de Burcy (-before 1159). 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not identified: 

1.         HUGH Peverel (-[4 Jun 1228/23 Feb 1229]).  "Hug Peverell de Sanford" paid a fine for "terre sue" in Devonshire, dated 1200[339].  "Hug Peverel" paid a fine to enquire "si Ric Peverel frater ipsius Hug deponsavit Johannam fil Margar de Renby" in Devonshire, dated 1201[340].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Hug Peverel" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][341].  "H. Peverel lord of Samford" donated "land of Buelle which the lady Matilda Peverel had before given", for the welfare of "himself and Cicely his wife", by undated charter[342].  An order of King John dated 21 May 1203 relates to a debt to the Jews at Oxford of "Walteri de Bolebec" to be paid by "Hel de Bello Campo et Constanc uxore sua"[343].  Henry III King of England ordered the release from prison at Winchester of "Hugonem Peverel de Samford" dated 4 Jun 1228[344]m CECILIA, daughter of ---.  "H. Peverel lord of Samford" donated "land of Buelle which the lady Matilda Peverel had before given", for the welfare of "himself and Cicely his wife", by undated charter[345].  An order dated 23 Feb 1229 ordered the sheriff of Somerset to transfer "manerio de Taleton quod fuit Hugonis Peverel de Samford" to "Cecilie que fuit uxor ipsius Hugonis" and “filius et heres ipsius Hugonis” assigned dower to “prefate matri sue[346].  "Cecilia who was the wife of Hugh Peverel of Sampford" made a fine "for marrying herself to whom she will wish except the king’s enemies", dated [Apr] 1230[347].  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Peverel .  "William, son and heir of Hugh Peverel of Sampford" paid homage for "all the lands that Hugh held of the king in chief" in Devonshire, dated [Mar] 1229[348].  "William Peverelle of Sanforde, son of Hugh Peverelle of Sanford" donated revenue "from Behulle", for the souls of "Christina my wife, Hugh Peverelle my father, and Cicely my mother", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Randulph Peverelle, Thomas Peverelle…"[349]m CHRISTINA, daughter of ---.  "William Peverelle of Sanforde, son of Hugh Peverelle of Sanford" donated revenue "from Behulle", for the souls of "Christina my wife, Hugh Peverelle my father, and Cicely my mother", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Randulph Peverelle, Thomas Peverelle…"[350]

2.         RICHARD Peverel (-after 1194).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Ricardus Peverel" paying "xv s" in Devonshire[351].  "Hug Peverel" paid a fine to enquire "si Ric Peverel frater ipsius Hug deponsavit Johannam fil Margar de Renby" in Devonshire, dated 1201[352].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Hugo Peverell de Sanford" making a fine "si Ric Peverell frater ipsius Hugonis disponsavit Johannam filiam Margarete de Reigin", in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][353].  [m JOANNA, daughter of --- & his wife Margaret ---].  "Hug Peverel" paid a fine to enquire "si Ric Peverel frater ipsius Hug deponsavit Johannam fil Margar de Renby" in Devonshire, dated 1201[354].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Hugo Peverell de Sanford" making a fine "si Ric Peverell frater ipsius Hugonis disponsavit Johannam filiam Margarete de Reigin", in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][355]

 

 

 

PICOT

 

 

The list of fees held from the church of Bayeux in 1133 includes “feodum Guillelmi Picoth, feodum trium militum in Culeyo, in Traceyo et Leon et Franca Villula supra Rothomagum et Montberton[356]

 

 

1.         PICOT (-after [1071]).  Orderic Vitalis records "Guillelmum cognomento Pantulfum et Picodum atque Corbatum, filiosque eius Rogerium et Rodbertum" as vassals of Roger de Montgommery in Shropshire, dated to [1071] from the context[357]

 

2.         ROGER Picot (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger Picot" in Cambridgeshire[358]

 

3.         WILLIAM Picot (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus Picot" held one knight’s fee from "Galfridi de Ver" in Shropshire[359]

 

4.         RALPH Picot (-1166).  An undated charter records that “in tempore Henrici regis primiElyas de Crevequer” donated “ecclesie de Serres...advocacionem” to the canons of Leeds priory who donated it to “clericum suum Radulfum Pykot” who resigned his position and became a knight, that “Emma filie et heredes dicti Elye” later confirmed her father’s donation, and that later still “Hamo...dominus medietatis manerii de Serres” further confirmed the donation[360].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Radulfus Picot" held parts of knights’ fees from "Simonis de Bello Campo" in Bedfordshire[361]The 1165/66 Pipe Roll records "Rad Picot" accounting for land in Kent, but adding "sed mortuus est"[362]m ---.  Ralph & his wife had three children: 

a)         ADELISA Picot (-after 1194).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Adelizia primogenita filia Radulfi Pikot" in Kent "pro habenda…parte hereditatis sue de Tanga et Kingesdon que eam contingit versus Eugeniam sororem suam"[363]same person as...? ALICE Picot m GILBERT Malet, son of WILLIAM Malet & his first wife --- (-1194).  Salzman records her parentage and marriage[364].  

b)         EUGENIA ([1154/55]-after 1194).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Ewgenia Picot…filia Radulfi Picot de Kancia et uxor Thome filii Bernardi…xxx annorum”, her property “in hundredo de Redefeld…de feodo Gileberti Malet" given to her by "Willelmus Malet…in dotem”, adding that she had three sons, aged 10, 8 and 3, and one daughter, given by "Dominus Rex, filio Johannis de Bidun", by her second husband[365].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Eugenia Picot x s" in Kent in [1186/87][366].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Eugenia Pikot…pro custodia Johannis f sue et terre sue" in Kent[367].  “Eugenia Picot” donated capelle de Kingesdune” to Rochester by undated charter[368].  A charter dated “in octabis sancti Michaeli” 1218 records an agreement concerning “advocatione ecclesie de Kingesdune” followinig a claim by Radulfum filium Bernardi” and “Willelmum priorem de Rosa[369]m firstly (1165 or before) as his second wife, WILLIAM Malet, son of --- (-1169).  m secondly THOMAS FitzBernard, son of BERNARD & his wife --- (-before 1185). 

c)         AGNES Picot m TRIAN de Bidun, son of HALENALD de Bidun & his [first/second wife Sara ---/Anneta ---] (-after 1176). 

 

5.         EUSTACE Picot (-after 1166).  "Eustachius Picot" held one knight’s fee from "Hugonis de Dovra" in Cambridgeshire in 1166[370]m ---.  The name of Eustace`s wife is not known.  Eustace & his wife had one child: 

a)         LORETA Picot ([1144/45]-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Lauretta Picot que fuit uxor Hugonis de Burdeleis et filia Eustachii Picot…xl annorum”, adding that she has “vi filios et ii filias et Willelmus filius eius et heres est xxvi annorum[371]m HUGH de Bordelais, son of --- (-before 1185). 

 

 

1.         HENRY Picot .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that Henry I King of England granted one knight’s fee in Cambridgeshire "Henricus pater meus", held in 1166 by his son "Albricus Picot"[372]m ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had one child: 

a)         AUBRY Picot (-after 1171).  "Albricus Picot" held one knight’s fee in Cambridgeshire in 1166, stating that Henry I King of England had granted it to "Henricus pater meus"[373].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albricus Picot i m" in Cambridgeshire in [1167/68][374].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albricus Picot xx s" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1171/72][375]m MABILIA, daughter of ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Mabilia…neptis Rannulfi de Glanville…uxor Albrici Picot”, her property “in Bukeswurthe…in feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet", and her "ii filios et iii filias, et primogenitus est miles[376].  Aubry & his wife had five children: 

i)          ROBERT Picot (-after 1210).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “filius Albrici Picot”, his property “in Beche", and "in custodia Rannulfi de Glanville”, and in a later passage "terra Roberti Picot in Cneya…in custodia Rannulfi de Glanville et…habet etatem et est miles"[377].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus Picot" paying "x s, i militem" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire[378].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Robertus Picot" paying "xx s, i militem" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire[379].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus Picot" holding one knight’s fee "in Cueye" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1210/12][380]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       PETER Picot (-after 1217).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Petrus filius Roberti Pikot" holding "medietatem de Heydene…ad coronationem Regis" from the Serjeantie in Essex and Herefordshire[381].  

ii)         --- Picot .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Mabilia…neptis Rannulfi de Glanville…uxor Albrici Picot”, her property “in Bukeswurthe…in feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet", and her "ii filios et iii filias, et primogenitus est miles[382]

iii)        three daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Mabilia…neptis Rannulfi de Glanville…uxor Albrici Picot”, her property “in Bukeswurthe…in feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet", and her "ii filios et iii filias, et primogenitus est miles[383]

 

 

1.         ROBERT Picot (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Picot" held one knight’s fee from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[384]

 

2.         RALPH Picot (-after 1210).  Henry II King of England confirmed property at Dieppe donated to the abbey of Foucarmont by "Radulfus Picot et Amfria uxor eius" which had been confirmed by "Willermus frater meus" by charter dated to [1177/82][385].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Radulfus Picot" holding "i carucatam in Erdele et i…in Salinges per serjanteriam" in Essex in [1210/12][386]m AMFRIA, daughter of ---.  Henry II King of England confirmed property at Dieppe donated to the abbey of Foucarmont by "Radulfus Picot et Amfria uxor eius" which had been confirmed by "Willermus frater meus" by charter dated to [1177/82][387]

 

 

1.         PETER Picotm ---.  The name of Peter’s wife is not known.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

a)         PETER Picot (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Petrus filius Petri Picot" holding "dimidiam Heydene per serjanteriam serviendi cum i toaloa ad coronationem Regis" in Essex in [1210/12][388].

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Picot (-after 28 Feb 1216).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus Picot…et Willelmus filius Willelmi de Cliftone" holding parts of knights’ fees in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][389].  "Willelmus Picot" made a fine for returning to the king’s support naming "Alex filius suus" as hostage who was given, dated 28 Feb 1216[390]m as her second husband, JULIANA, widow of HENRY de Gand, daughter of ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Willelmus Picot et Juliana uxor eius" against "Matillidem filiam Gaufridi" for "terciam parte…terre in Birstaudeby dotem ipsius Juliane unde Henricus de Gaunt quondam vir suus" of which "Thomas Peuerel pater predicti Thome…sui fratris" was seised, noting that Thomas was born posthumously from "Agnes mater et custos predicti Thome"[391].  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALEXANDER Picot (-after 28 Feb 1216).  "Willelmus Picot" made a fine for returning to the king’s support naming "Alex filius suus" as hostage who was given, dated 28 Feb 1216[392]

 

 

 

PINKENEY

 

 

1.         GILO de Pinkeney .  The Complete Peerage records that Gilo de Pinkeney founded the priory of Weedon Pinkeny, Northamptonshire as a cell of Beauvais Saint-Lucien, undated, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[393]m ---.  The name of Gilo’s wife is not known.  Gilo & his wife had two chlidren: 

a)         RALPH de Pinkeney (-before 29 Sep 1158).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter in which his son "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire[394].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad de Pincheneio" in Northamptonshire and to marry "uxore Sym Chaisnedoit"[395]m ([1129/30]) as her second husband, ---, widow of SIMON de Chesneduit, daughter of ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad de Pincheneio" in Northamptonshire and to marry "uxore Sym Chaisnedoit"[396].  Ralph & his wife had three children: 

i)          GILBERT de Pinkeney (-1178).  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis…meis…Henrico primogenito meo et cæteris", by undated charter witnessed by "Hugonis de Pinchenni, Radulphi fratris iam dicit Gilberti…Ancheri de Pincheni…"[397].  "Gilebertus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “avus meus Gilo Pinconiensis…pater meus Radulfus” of donations to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis Henrico et Gilberto cum cæteris", by undated charter[398].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" in Buckinghamshire[399].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Gilbertus de Pinkeygni xv s" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire in [1171/72][400]m firstly EUSTACHIA, daughter of ---.  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis…meis…Henrico primogenito meo et cæteris", by undated charter[401]m secondly (after [1162]) as her second husband, HELWISE de Guerres, widow of WILLIAM de Hastings, daughter of --- (-after 1219).  Her family origin and three marriages are stated in Domesday Descendants, which does not cite the corresponding primary source[402].  She married thirdly William FitzRobert.  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Suffolk “Hundredum de Cosford”, dated 1219, which names "Domina Helewisa de Gwerres bis dotata...primo Willelmo de Pynkiny, secundo Willelmo filio Roberti et domina Matillis de Flamvilla" [Helwise’s daughter-in-law] holding "manerium de Bildeston...de baronia Godefridi de Luvein per hereditatem uxoris sue"[403].  Gilbert & his first wife had [four or more] children: 

(a)       HENRY de Pinkeney (-1209).  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis…meis…Henrico primogenito meo et cæteris", by undated charter[404]

-         see below

(b)       GILBERT de Pinkeney (-after 1166).  "Gilebertus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “avus meus Gilo Pinconiensis…pater meus Radulfus” of donations to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis Henrico et Gilberto cum cæteris", by undated charter[405].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gilberto filio meo" held one half a knight’s fee from "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" in Buckinghamshire[406]

(c)       two or more other children .  "Gilebertus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “avus meus Gilo Pinconiensis…pater meus Radulfus” of donations to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis Henrico et Gilberto cum cæteris", by undated charter[407]

ii)         HUGH de Pinkeney .  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire by undated charter witnessed by "Hugonis de Pinchenni, Radulphi fratris iam dicit Gilberti…Ancheri de Pincheni…"[408]

iii)        RALPH de Pinkeney .  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire by undated charter witnessed by "Hugonis de Pinchenni, Radulphi fratris iam dicit Gilberti…Ancheri de Pincheni…"[409]

b)         ROBERT de Pinkeney of Moreton Pinkeney (-before [1160]).  The Complete Peerage records that Gilo de Pinkeney gave land in Sulgrave, Northamptonshire and Maidenhead, Berkshire to his younger son Robert[410]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          HENRY de Pinkeney (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" in Buckinghamshire, including "Henricus filius Roberti de Pinkeney v milites et dimidium, Gilo de Pinkeny i militem et dimidium"[411]

ii)         ROBERT de PinkeneyDomesday Descendants names Robert as a younger son of Robert de Pinkeney and records that he and his wife Agnes donated property to Northampton St Andrew[412]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants names Robert as a younger son of Robert de Pinkeney and records that he and his wife Agnes donated property to Northampton St Andrew[413]

 

 

1.         AGNES de Pinkeney .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Bernardus Bail senior, Bernardus junior filius eius, Ingelram le b filius eius, Wid et Eustacius filii eius, Matilda mater et Hawisia et altera Hawis, et domina Agnes de Pinchensi uxor junioris Bernardi, Rogerus filius Hugonis nepos eius et Johannes frater Rogerii"[414]m BERNARD Balliol, son of BERNARD Balliol & his wife Matilda --- (-after 1174). 

 

2.         WILLIAM de Pinkeney (-after 1167).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus de Pinkeini" held one knight’s fee from "Margaretæ de Boun" in Gloucestershire[415].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Pinkeingni ix l, sed amodo in Norhamtesira" in Buckinghamshire in [1167/68][416]

 

3.         GILO de Pinkeney (-after 4 Apr 1196).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" in Buckinghamshire, including "Henricus filius Roberti de Pinkeney v milites et dimidium, Gilo de Pinkeny i militem et dimidium"[417].  The Feet of Fines records the judgment dated 4 Apr 1196 in a claim by "Egid de Pinkeni et Matill ux sua" against "Will de Englefield fil eiusdem Matill"[418]m as her second husband, MATILDA, widow of --- de Englefield, daughter of --- (-after 4 Apr 1196).  The Feet of Fines records the judgment dated 4 Apr 1196 in a claim by "Egid de Pinkeni et Matill ux sua" against "Will de Englefield fil eiusdem Matill"[419]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Pinkeney (-after [1189]).  “Helewis filia Willelmi de Lancastr” confirmed to “Gileberto fratri meo...terras quas pater meus” had given him “Slegil...et Sockebroc et Tyrerhge...et totam terram de Paterickedale” by charter dated to [1189], witnessed by “......Roberto de Pinkenei...Gervas de Aencurt...[420]

 

 

HENRY de Pinkeney, son of GILBERT de Pinkeney & his first wife Eustachia --- (-1209).  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis…meis…Henrico primogenito meo et cæteris", by undated charter[421].  "Gilebertus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “avus meus Gilo Pinconiensis…pater meus Radulfus” of donations to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis Henrico et Gilberto cum cæteris", by undated charter[422].  "Henricus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “proavus meus Gilo et avus meus Radulfus et pater meus Gilebertus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the prior of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire by undated charter[423].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" granted one knight’s fee "postea" to "Henrico filio meo" in Buckinghamshire[424].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Pinkenei" held one and one half knights’ fees from "Roberti de Chokes" in Northamptonshire[425].  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[426].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Henricus de Pingkeygni" paying "vi l xvi s, xiii milites et dimidium" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[427].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Henricus de Pinkeingny" paying "xiii l x s, xiii milites et dimidium" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, and being granted delay to pay in Berkshire[428].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Henricus de Pinkeyni" paying "xiv l x s, xiii milites" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[429].  “Henricus de Pynkeny” donated "ecclesiam de Haudeneby" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s by undated charter witnessed by "…Rogero de Pinkeni, Ansculfo de Pykeny, Roberto de Pinkeni"[430].  "Henry de Pinkeni and Leticia his wife" and "Serlo de Marci and Emma his wife" granted land "in Cristehale" to "William Barun", dated [1198/99][431]

m LETITIA de Lucy, daughter of ROBERT de Lucy & his wife ---.  Domesday Descendants names "Letitia daughter and co-heir of Robert de Lucy, possibly the nephew of Richard de Lucy the justiciar" as the wife of Henry de Pinkeney, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[432].  "Henry de Pinkeni and Leticia his wife" and "Serlo de Marci and Emma his wife" granted land "in Cristehale" to "William Barun", dated [1198/99][433].  It is likely that the wives of Henry de Pinkeney and Serlo de Marcy were related, maybe holding a joint interest in the land in question.  If this is correct, the precise family relationship has not yet been traced.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Milo de Sumery, Rogerus de Neville, Letitia de Pinkeyni, Serlo de Marcy" holding one knight’s fee each "in Elmedene" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][434].  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by an order dated [Feb] 1222 under which "Robert de Picquigny, Milo de Somery and Beatrice de Lucy" made a fine for "their relief of the land formerly of Emma de Lucy, sister of Beatrice and aunt of Robert and Miles, whose heirs they are, in Elmdon…honour de Boulogne"[435]

Henry & his wife had three children: 

1.         ROBERT de Pinkeney (-[29 Sep/12 Dec] 1232).  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[436].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Pingkeigni" paying "xv s, i militem et dimidium" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[437].  The Pipe Roll 1209 records that "Robertus de Pinkenni" paid fine on succession to "Henrici patris sui"[438].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Northamptonshire, dated to [1208/10]: "Robertus de Pinchingny" held "xv milites de feodo de Windlesor"[439].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Pinkeny" holding "xv milites" in Northamptonshire in [1210/12][440].  Under an order dated [Feb] 1222 "Robert de Picquigny, Milo de Somery and Beatrice de Lucy" made a fine for "their relief of the land formerly of Emma de Lucy, sister of Beatrice and aunt of Robert and Miles, whose heirs they are, in Elmdon…honour de Boulogne"[441].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni Milo de Sumeri et Beatricia de Lucy” owing in Essex[442].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni” owing “pro Henrico fratre suo et Henrico f suo” in Northamptonshire[443].  An order dated 1231 records the return of "Robertus de Pinkeny...Henricus de Pinkeny frater suus" from service with the army in Wales[444].  Bracton lists a claim by "Robertus de Pinkingny" against "Galfrido de Cruce" relating to "Andree filii et heredis Johannis de Windesores", dated Michaelmas 1232, recording that "Reginaldus de Pinkingny ante gwerram" had enfeoffed "Petrum patrem predicti Johannis et auum ipsius Andree in suburbio Windesores in com. Berck"[445]m AIGELINE, daughter of ---.  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[446].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY de Pinkeney (-before 16 May 1254).  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[447]

-        see below

b)         PHILIPPA de Pinkeney (-before 1232).  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[448]

2.         --- de Pinkeney .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus…filius Willelmi de Nokes filii Hugonis…xviii annorum” in the custody of “Henrici de Pinkeni cuius filiam desponsavit…elapsis iam iv annis" and his land "in Messedina[449]Betrothed ([1181]) to WILLIAM de Nokes, son of WILLIAM FitzHugh de Nokes & his wife --- ([1167/68]-). 

3.         HENRY de Pinkeney (-after 1231).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni” owing “pro Henrico fratre suo et Henrico f suo” in Northamptonshire[450].  An order dated 1231 records the return of "Robertus de Pinkeny...Henricus de Pinkeny frater suus" from service with the army in Wales[451]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Pinkeney (-after 1241)m ([Apr/13 May] 1241) as her second husband, CHRISTIANA de Limesey, widow of DAVID de Lindsay, daughter of --- (-after [25 Jun] 1241).  Her family origin and marriage are indicated by a document dated to [1225/26] which records that "the heirs of Amabilis de Limesi owe...of her fine not to be compelled to marry”, that “Hugh de Oddingseles and Basilia his wife” owe a debt, and that “David son and heir of David de Lindesi, who has one of Amabilis’s sisters” owes part[452].  A document dated to [15 Apr] 1241 records that "Christiana widow of David de Lindesye, who had a writ for her dower versus Gerard de Doddingeseles in Bradefelde...is not present[453].  Her second marriage is indicated by the following document, assuming that “Bradewelle” is the same as “Bradefelde” which is named in the document dated [15 Apr] 1241.  "Robert de Pinkeny and Cristiana his wife” sued several individuals concerning rights of land, including “Simon the clerk of Bradewelle” relating to land “in Bradewelle in Oxfordshire which...they claim as Cristiana’s dower”, dated 13 May 1241[454].  The marriage is also indicated by a document dated 16 May 1241 which records a claim by "Robert de Pinkeny and Cristiana his wife” against “Gerard de Oddingeseles[455], who is also named in the [15 Apr] 1241 document.  "Robert de Pinkeny and Cristiana his wife” sued “Henry de Pinkeny” relating to land “in Whichinton which...they claim as Cristiana’s dower”, dated [25 Jun] 1241[456]

 

 

HENRY de Pinkeney Lord of Wedon-Pinkeney, son of ROBERT de Pinkeney & his wife Aiglene --- (-before 16 May 1254)The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni” owing “pro Henrico fratre suo et Henrico f suo” in Northamptonshire[457].  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[458].  A writ after the death of "Henry de Pinkeny alias de Pynkeny", dated "2 Jul 38 Hen III", and later inquisitions, record that "Henry his son aged 26 and more is his heir" and refer to "Barton, 10 marks land held of Sir Henry de Hastinges in free marriage, which the deceased gave to Alice his daughter"[459]

m ALICE de Lindsay, daughter of DAVID de Lindsay & his wife Marjory [of Scotland] (-[1252/54]).  "Henry de Pinkeny, who had married Alicia sister and heir of Gerard de Lyndesi in the moiety of the barony of Lymesy” swore homage to King Henry III, dated 10 Apr 1249[460].  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "domini Roberti de Pinkeny" name "Alicia" as daughter of "Margareta", daughter of "Henri patre Regis Willi"[461]

Henry & his wife had two children: 

1.         HENRY de Pinkeney (before 1228-before 25 Aug 1275)A writ after the death of "Henry de Pinkeny alias de Pynkeny", dated "2 Jul 38 Hen III", and later inquisitions, record that "Henry his son aged 26 and more is his heir" and refer to "Barton, 10 marks land held of Sir Henry de Hastinges in free marriage, which the deceased gave to Alice his daughter"[462].  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "domini Roberti de Pinkeny" name "Henricus de Pinkeny" as the son of "Alicia"[463].  By a writ of certiorari undated "4 Edw I", following the death of "Henry de Pynkeny" an order was requested relating to "the dower of Christiana who was the wife of Robert de Pynkeney in Stanes[464]m MARY, daughter of --- (-after her husband).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Henry & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT de Pinkeney (-shortly before 2 Sep 1296).  King Edward I granted seisin of his father’s lands to "Robert de Pinkeny son and heir of Henry de Pinkeny deceased" by charter dated 4 Feb 1277[465].  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "domini Roberti de Pinkeny" name him as son of "Henricus de Pinkeny"[466]Claimant to the throne of Scotland in 1291, 5th in order on the Great Roll of Scotland.  A writ dated 2 Sep "24 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Pynkeny alias de Pinkeney" names "Henry de Pynkeny knight his brother aged 40 at the feast of St John the Baptist last is his next heir"[467]

b)         HENRY de Pinkeney ([1255/56]-before 24 Apr 1315).  A writ dated 2 Sep "24 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Pynkeny alias de Pinkeney" names "Henry de Pynkeny knight his brother aged 40 at the feast of St John the Baptist last is his next heir"[468].  He was summoned to parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Pinkeny.  m MARGARET, daughter of --- (-after 1315). 

2.         ALICE de Pinkeney A writ after the death of "Henry de Pinkeny alias de Pynkeny", dated "2 Jul 38 Hen III", and later inquisitions, record that "Henry his son aged 26 and more is his heir" and refer to "Barton, 10 marks land held of Sir Henry de Hastinges in free marriage, which the deceased gave to Alice his daughter"[469].  The identity of Alice’s husband has not been ascertained.  m ---. 

 

 

 

PIPARD

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Pipard (after [1175/76]).  The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "William Pipard" in Gloucestershire[470]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GILBERT Pipard (-[Sep 1191/Sep 1192]).  Sheriff of Gloucester and Hereford.  m (before 8 Dec 1195) as her first husband, ALICE FitzDuncan Lady of Cockermouth and Allerdale, daughter of WILLIAM FitzDuncan [of Scotland] & his second wife Alice de Rumilly (before [1153/54][471]-[6 Mar or 18 Mar] [1212/1215], bur [Gisburne Priory])The Cronicon Cumbriæ names “prima…Cecilia…secunda Amabilla…tertia Alicia” as the three daughters of “Willielmus”, son of “Doncani comes de Murrayse”, and his wife Alice, adding that Alice received “Aspatrike, et baronia de Allerdale et libertate de Cokermouth” and married “Gilberto Pipard” and secondly “Roberto de Courtenay”, but died childless and was succeeded by “Thomas de Lucy, cui successit Thomas filius eius, cui successit Antonius frater eius[472].  She married secondly (before 8 Dec 1195) as his second wife, Robert de Courtenay Lord of Sutton, Berkshire, Sheriff of Cumberland.  The obituary of Gisburne priory records the death “II Non Mar” of "Aliciæ de Rumley"[473]

2.         ROBERT Pipard .  The Annales Cestrienses record the death in 1184 of “...Robertus de Aldeford” and that his land “cum filia supradicti Roberti relicta non dum bina” was given to “Roberto Pipardi fratri Gilthleberti Pipard” by King Henry II[474]m --- de Aldford, daughter of ROBERT de Aldford & his wife --- ([1180/81]-).  The Annales Cestrienses record the death in 1184 of “...Robertus de Aldeford” and that his land “cum filia supradicti Roberti relicta non dum bina” was given to “Roberto Pipardi fratri Gilthleberti Pipard” by King Henry II[475]

 

 

 

POMERAI

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in La Pommeraye in the present-day French département of Calvados, arrondissement Falaise, canton Thury-Harcourt[476]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         WILLIAM de la Pomerai (-after 1102).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Willelmus de Pomeria" donated "in Deveneschire villam…Bery pro qua Goselinus frater eius dedit Seldene, pro qua habemus Hopemaleysel" in 1102, "rege Henrico seniore consentiente et confirmante, tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][477]

2.         JOSCELIN de la Pomerai (-[1125/29]).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Willelmus de Pomeria" donated "in Deveneschire villam…Bery pro qua Goselinus frater eius dedit Seldene, pro qua habemus Hopemaleysel" in 1102, "rege Henrico seniore consentiente et confirmante, tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][478].  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[479].  He is not named in the 1129 Pipe Roll in which his son is named so presumably had died before that date.  m EMMA, daughter of --- (-after 1125).  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[480]Joscelin & his wife had five children: 

a)         HENRY [I] de la Pomerai (-[1157/64])"Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[481]Lord of Berry Pomeroy, Devon, he had supported King Henry I during the rebellion of 1123, commanding the royal army at Pont-Athou.  Deputy Constable in the Royal household of King Henry I[482].  "Henrico de Pomer…" witnessed the charter dated to [1126] under which Henry I King of England granted property to Robert FitzPayn[483].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Henr de Pomer" in Dorsetshire[484].  "…Henrico de Pomeria…" subscribed the charter dated 1157 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Jean de Falaise[485]m ROHESE, daughter of --- & his [mistress/wife] Sibyl Corbet (-1176).  The identity of the father of Rohese is uncertain.  Renaud Earl of Cornwall granted Roseworthy manor in Cornwall to his sister "Rohesia de Pomeria" in a charter[486].  The wife of Henry de la Pomerai was therefore either Rohese, illegitimate daughter of Henry I King of England & his mistress Sibyl Corbet, or Rohese, daughter of Herbert FitzHerbert & his wife Sibyl Corbet.  Henry [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          HENRY [II] de la Pomerai (-1207)Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Pomeria" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Exeter in Cornwall and half a knight’s fee in Devon[487]

-         see below

ii)         JOSCELIN de la Pomerai (-after [1200]).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "filius Henrici de Pomeria" held one knight’s fee from "Willelmi comitis Gloucestriæ" in Gloucestershire[488]Benedict of Peterborough records that Henry II King of England granted the kingdom of Limerick to "Hereberti filio Hereberti, et Willelmo fratri comitis Reginaldi, et Joellano de la Pumerai nepoti eorum" at a council in Oxford in May 1177, but that "Herbertus et Willelmus, fratres Reginaldi comitis Cornubiæ, et Joellanus de Pumeria nepos eorum" declined it at a council at Marlborough 3 Jun 1177[489].  "Joselinus de Pomerei" donated property to Ford abbey, Devonshire, for the souls of "…domini fratris mei Hen de Pomerei", by undated charter (maybe dated to after 1200, when William father of Henry de Tracy died) witnessed by "…Willielmo de Tracy fratre Hugonis de Courtenay, Henrico filio Willielmi de Tracy"[490]

b)         ROGER de la Pomerai (-after 1129).  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[491].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger de Pomer" in Cornwall[492]

c)         PHILIPPE de la Pomerai"Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[493]

d)         JOSCELIN de la Pomerai"Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[494]

e)         RAOUL de la Pomerai (-after Sep 1151).  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[495].  "…Radulpho de Pomeria" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] which "H. dux Normannorum" issued for the hôpital de Falaise[496].  "…Radulfo de Pomeria…" witnessed the charter dated to [Sep 1151/Jan 1153] under which "Henricus dux Norm et comes Andeg" confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Fontenay at the request of "Jordani Taxonis"[497]

 

 

3.         RALPH de la Pomerai (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Ralph de la Pommeraye” holding Stowey and Oare in Somerset, and numerous properties in Devonshire[498]

 

 

HENRY [II] de la Pomerai, son of HENRY [I] de la Pomerai & his wife Rohese --- (-1207).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Pomeria" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Exeter in Cornwall and half a knight’s fee in Devon[499].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus de Pomeray xxxi l v s vi d" in Devonshire in [1167/68][500].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Henricus de Pomaria" with three parts of one knight "de feodo de Vado…de honore Mortonii in baillia Osberti de Hosa", adding that he held "castrum de Pomeria cum purprestura de Rege"[501].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Henricus de la Pomereio" in Devonshire[502].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus de la Pomeraye xxxi l xviii s iv d" in Devonshire in [1186/87][503].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Henricus de la Pomeray" paying "xxi l xviii s iv d" in Devonshire[504].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Henricus de la Pomeraie" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][505]

m firstly MATHILDE de Vitré, daughter of ---.  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 28 Mar 1200 under which King John confirmed lands to "Willelmo Briwere", including "manerium de Braworthi" donated by "qd Henri de la Pomeria fil Matildi de Vitri"[506].  Her precise parentage has not yet been ascertained. 

m secondly as her first husband, ROHESE Bardolf, daughter of THOMAS Bardolf & his wife Rohese --- (-after 1224).  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", states that "a fourth sister Rohese" [referring to the three daughters of Thomas Bardolf shown above] was "first the wife of Henry de la Pommeraie and secondly of John Russell", but he does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[507].  She married secondly John Russell

Henry [II] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         HENRY [III] de la Pomerai (-1222).  "Henr fil Henr de Pomeraya" paid a fine for "terris q fuerunt ipsius Henrici patris sui" in Cornwall and Devon, dated 1208[508].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Henricus de Pomerai" holding one knight’s fee in Cornwall in [1210/12][509]m ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Henry [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HENRY [IV] de la Pomerai (-after 1224).  An order dated 26 Apr 1224 granted time to "Henry de la Pomeraie" for repayment of "the debt his father owed to the king"[510]m MARGERY, daughter of --- (-after 1249).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Devon, dated 1249, which include "Henricus de la Pomedray debet esse in custodia domini regis et Margeria mater eius habet custodiam ipsius per dominum regem..."[511].  Inquisitions following a writ de causa captionis dated 7 Jul "38 Hen III", after the death of "Henry de la Pomeraye" record that "Margaret late the wife of the said Henry had wardship of his land and heirs, with their marriage, by fine made with the king after his death"[512].  Henry [IV] & his wife had one child: 

i)          HENRY [V] de la Pomerai (-before 12 Jul 1281).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Devon, dated 1249, which include "Henricus de la Pomedray debet esse in custodia domini regis et Margeria mater eius habet custodiam ipsius per dominum regem..."[513].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 12 Jul "9 Edw I" following the death of "Henry de la Pomereye" name “Henry de la Pomereye aged 16 at Whitsunday last is his next heir and was married before the death of his father[514]m --- de Vautort, daughter of ---.  The name of Henry’s wife is not known.  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by inquisitions dated "24 Oct 27  Edw I" following the death of "Hawis late the wife of Reginald de Valle Torta" which name “Peter Corbet aged 30 and more and Henry de la Pomerey aged 32 are next heirs of the inheritance of the said Reginald[515].  Henry [V] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       HENRY [VI] de la Pomerai (Tregony May [1264/65]-).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 12 Jul "9 Edw I" following the death of "Henry de la Pomereye" name “Henry de la Pomereye aged 16 at Whitsunday last is his next heir and was married before the death of his father[516].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 11 May "15 Edw I" prove the age of "Henry son of Henry de la Pomeray born at Tregony...was 22 on Friday before Whitsunday in the year abovesaid"[517]m (before 12 Jul 1281) ---. 

 

 

 

PONT-de-l’ARCHE

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Pont de l’Arche (-after 1142)"…Willelmo de Ponte Arch" witnessed the charter dated to [1114] under which Henry I King of England granted privileges to Battle abbey[518].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Pontearc" in Oxfordshire, Dorsetshire (two entries),  Wiltshire (three entries), Hampshire (twice), and Surrey[519].  "…W. de Pont…" witnessed the charter dated 1133 under which Henry I King of England confirmed his father’s lands to "Willo fil Udardi de Baenb"[520]m CONSTANCE Mauduit, daughter of ROBERT [I] Mauduit & his wife --- (-after [1142]).  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Robertum filium Hildebrandi" fell in love with "Willelmus de Ponte Arcarum…uxorem", imprisoned her husband, but died from a painful illness, dated from the context to [1142][521].  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT de Pont de l’Arche (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ponte Arche x m v militem" in Hampshire in [1160/61][522].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Mauduit" used to hold one knights fee in Hampshire now held by "Robertus de Ponte Arche"[523].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ponte Arche i m" in Hampshire in [1167/68][524].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ponte Arche xx s" in Hampshire in [1171/72][525].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ponte Arche xx s" in Hampshire in [1186/87][526].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Ponte Arche" paying "x s, i militem" in Hampshire and "xii d" in Wiltshire[527].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Robertus de Ponte Arche" paying "xx s i militem" in Hampshire[528].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Robertus de Ponte Arche" paying "xx s, i militem" in Hampshire[529]m ---.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "uxor Roberti de Archis" held two knights’ fees from "Roberti de Chauz" in Nottinghamshire[530]m MATILDA Marshal, daughter of JOHN Marshal & his second wife Sibyl of Salisbury.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   The Complete Peerage names her and records her marriage but does not the cite the primary source on which this information is based[531]Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          JULIANE de Ponte de l’Arche (-15 Nov 1217, bur Bristol St Augustine)Smyth records that "the first wife of Lord Robert was Julian de Ponte Arche daughter of William de Pontelargo o Pontearche and necce to…Willm Earl Marischall the elder Earle of Pembroke", records her death "15 Nov in the second year of Kinge Henry the third", and her burial at Bristol St Augustine, but the precise primary sources on which he bases his statements are not obvious from his citations[532]According to Dugdale, Robert de Berkeley married "Julian, daughter of William de Pontearch, niece to William Marshal Earl of Pembroke"[533]Robert de Berkelaia” donated land Kingswood Abbey, for his soul and that of “his wife Juliana”, by charter dated 11 Jun 1200[534].  “John de Wodeford” granted land in Nibley, Gloucestershire (“in Nubbeleia”), which he had recovered “contra Dom. Margaretam quondam uxorem Othonis fil. Willelmi”, to “Dom. Juliana de Ponte Arche wife of Robert de Berkeleia” by charter dated to [1200][535]m (before 11 Jun 1200) as his first wife, ROBERT de Berkeley, son of MAURICE de Berkeley & his wife Alice de Berkeley ([1164/65]-13 May 1220, bur Bristol St Augustine). 

b)         EMMA de Pont de l’Arche (-young)Her betrothal is noted in Domesday Descendants[536]Betrothed to RICHARD de Reviers, son of BALDWIN de Reviers Earl of Devon & his wife Adelise --- ([1115/30]-21 or 27 Apr 1162, bur Christ Church, Twynham).  He succeeded his father in 1155 as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight. 

2.         OSBERT de Pont de l’Arche (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Albico de Pontearc" in Surrey[537].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Osbto de Pontearch" in Hertfordshire[538]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Pont de l’Arche (-after [Apr] 1224).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de Ponte Arche" holding ten parts of one knight’s fee "in Swindone" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][539].  "William de Pont de l’Arche" made a fine for "having seisin of his land in Swindon…taken into the king’s hand…because he was not in the army of Wales", dated [Apr] 1224[540]m MARGARET, daughter of --- (-after [Mar] 1217).  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Margareta uxor Willelmi de Ponte Archi" dated to [Mar] 1217[541]

 

2.         MATILDA [Eva] de Pont de l’Arche (-after 1 Sep 1227)"William baron of Naas and Eva his wife" paid a fine for "having dower in the manor of Grene, which pertains to Eva of the free tenement formerly of Phillip de Braose, her former husband, in Ireland", dated 12 Sep 1220[542].  A charter dated 1 Sep 1227 records that "Matilda who was the wife of the Baron of Nas represents that the justiciary…has disseised her of her dower out of…those of Philip de Breouse her first husband" and the king’s order to restore the property to her[543]m firstly PHILIP de Briouse, son of WILLIAM de Briouse & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Valéry.  m secondly WILLIAM FitzWilliam Baron of Naas, son of WILLIAM FitzMaurice Baron of Naas & his wife Aline de Clare (-before Aug 1227). 

 

 

Three brothers: 

1.         ROBERT de Pont de l’Arche (-before 22 Feb 1246).  A writ dated 22 Feb "30 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Pont del Arche alias de Pont Arche" names "Ralph his brother is his next heir, after William de Pont Arche who was lately outlawed" and lists his manors in Gloucester "Wulvirchesthrop town…Waddon and Mortun towns…which Constance late the wife of the said Robert now holds by the king’s bail…Stanleg alias Stanleye town…Coccebiri alias Cokebiri"[544]m CONSTANCE, daughter of --- (-after 22 Feb 1246).  A writ dated 22 Feb "30 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Pont del Arche alias de Pont Arche" lists his manors in Gloucester "…Waddon and Mortun towns…which Constance late the wife of the said Robert now holds by the king’s bail…"[545]

2.         WILLIAM de Pont de l’Arche .  A writ dated 22 Feb "30 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Pont del Arche alias de Pont Arche" names "Ralph his brother is his next heir, after William de Pont Arche who was lately outlawed"[546]

3.         RALPH de Pont de l’Arche .  A writ dated 22 Feb "30 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Pont del Arche alias de Pont Arche" names "Ralph his brother is his next heir, after William de Pont Arche who was lately outlawed"[547]

 

 

 

RIDEL

 

 

A.      RIDEL

 

Any connection between this family and the Ridel family who were Dukes of Gaeta in southern Italy between 1068 and 1091, see the document SOUTHERN ITALY (1), has not yet been established. 

 

 

[Three] siblings, parents not yet identified: 

1.         GEOFFREY Ridel (-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120).  Domesday Book records that the king gave land in Horsey, Norfolk to “Roger Bigod...when his brother William came from Apulia with Geoffrey Ridel[548].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Joffrid Ridel and Geva his wife and his sister the lady Hawise" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[549].  Dapifer.  Royal justiciar.  He was granted Drayton Basset in Staffordshire.  Orderic Vitalis names "Goisfredus Ridel" among those who drowned in the White Ship in 1120[550]m GEVA, illegitimate daughter of HUGUES d’Avranches Earl of Chester & his mistress --- (-after 1145).  Geva, filia Hugonis comitis Cestriæ, uxor Galfridi Ridelli” founded Canwell priory, with the consent of “Ranulfi comitis Cestriæ cognate mei…hæredum meorum…Gaufridi Ridelli et Radulfi Basset”, by undated charter[551].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Joffrid Ridel and Geva his wife and his sister the lady Hawise" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[552]"Radulphus comes Cestriæ, Willelmo Constabulario et Roberto dapifero" confirmed the grant of "Draitune…in libero conjugio" to "Gevæ Ridel, filiæ comitis Hughes" by charter dated to [1120][553]Geoffrey & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT Ridel ([after 1100/05]-after 1120).  Henry I King of England confirmed that he had granted "filiam Galfridi Ridel in uxorem" to "Ricardo Basset", together with the wardship of "terre predicti G. Ridel" until "Robertus Ridel" became a knight and married "neptem Radulfi Basset, scilicet filiam cuiusdam filie sue de muliere", by charter dated to [1120/23][554].  Robert presumably died soon afterwards as no further record of him has been found and his father’s lands passed to the husband of his sister Matilda. 

b)         MATILDA Henry I King of England confirmed that he had granted "filiam Galfridi Ridel in uxorem" to "Ricardo Basset", together with the wardship of "terre predicti G. Ridel" until "Robertus Ridel" became a knight and married "neptem Radulfi Basset, scilicet filiam cuiusdam filie sue de muliere", by charter dated to [1120/23][555]Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter under which Empress Matilda granted property held by "pater eius Ricardus Basset…[et] Galfridi Ridel avi sui" to "Galfrido Ridel filio Ricardi Basset", dated to [1144/46][556]m ([1120/23]) RICHARD Basset, son of RALPH Basset [I] & his wife A--- (-1144 or before). 

c)         MABEL (-after 1130).  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that Richard married "Mabilla Ridel" by whom he had "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo et Hugonem Ridel"[557].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Flandr" accounting for "Mabilia uxore Ric de sco Medardo cu dote sua" in Northamptonshire[558]m RICHARD de Saint-Médard, son of ANSKETIL de Saint-Médard & his wife --- (-before 1130). 

2.         HAWISE (-after 1114).  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Joffrid Ridel and Geva his wife and his sister the lady Hawise" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[559]

3.         [MATHIEU (-1107).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Mathias de Monte Sancti Michaelis" succeeded “Turold” as abbot of Peterborough, dated to [1071] from the context[560].  Prévost specifies in a footnote that Mathieu was “frère de Geoffroi Ridel, justicier du roi” but does not cite the source on which this statement is based.  The Chronicon Angliæ Petriburgense records the death of Abbot Turold in 1098, the succession of “Godricum” (specifying that he was deposed by Archbishop Anselm, leaving a five year vacancy), the appointment of “Matthias...post Godericum” in 1104, and the appointment of “Arnulfus prior Cantuariæ” in 1107 (without specifying that this followed the death of Mathieu)[561].] 

 

 

B.      RIDEL (BASSET)

 

 

GEOFFREY Ridel, son of RICHARD Basset & his wife Matilda Ridel (-1180).  Empress Matilda granted property held by "pater eius Ricardus Basset…[et] Galfridi Ridel avi sui" to "Galfrido Ridel filio Ricardi Basset" by charter dated to [1144/46], witnessed by "…Walchelino Maminot [et] Rogero filio"[562]"Galfridus Ridel" granted Colston "de feodo meo quæ fuit Gevæ Ridel avæ nostræ…Draituna", which "Radulfus Basset avus meus et Ricardus Basset pater noster" had granted, to "Radulfo Basset fratri meo", as well as other grants naming "Matildis Ridel matris meæ", by charter dated to [1150][563].  "Robertus de Stafford" confirmed "terram de Madeleya" to "Galfrido Ridel", with the consent of "domine Amicie uxori sue", by undated charter[564]"Gaufridus Ridel" confirmed a grant of property to "Johanni de Stutuilla" in his fee by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "…R. filius Nicolai de Stutavilla, Thomas frater suus…"[565].  "Gaufridus Ridel" granted various properties in the counties of Leicester, Rutland and Northampton to "Johanni fratri meo" by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "…Radulfus Basset, Richardus Basset, W. Basset…Hugo Ridel…"[566].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridus Ridel iv l iv s vii d" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1161/62][567].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Galfridus Ridel" held one knight’s fee from "Roberti di Staffordia" in Staffordshire, and records the knights’ fees held from "Galfridus Ridel" in Northamptonshire, previously held by "Ricardus Basset pater suus" during the reign of King Henry I[568]

m firstly AMICE, daughter of ---.  "Robertus de Stafford" confirmed "terram de Madeleya" to "Galfrido Ridel", with the consent of "domine Amicie uxori sue", by undated charter[569] 

m secondly SIBYLLA Mauduit, daughter of [WILLIAM [II] Mauduit & his wife Matilda de Hanslope] (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[570].  Another passage in the same source records property “in Frixtone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Gaufridi Ridel et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that “Gaufridus Basset ei dedit in dotem” and that “Ricardus Basset” is heir[571].  The chronology of Sibylla’s life is not certain enough to establish whether she was the daughter of Wilhelm [II] Mauduit or William [III]. 

Geoffrey & his first wife had one child: 

1.         RICHARD Basset (-1217).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[572]  

-        BASSET of WELDON, NORTHAMatthew ParisTONSHIRE

Geoffrey & his second wife had three children: 

2.         --- Ridel (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[573]same person as...?  GEOFFREY Ridel (-before 11 Aug 1203).  An order of King John dated 11 Aug 1203 grants "terre et heredis Gaufridi Ridell fratris sui qui mortuus est" to "S. Ridell"[574].  It is not known whether these brothers were the sons of Geoffrey Ridel by his second wife.]

3.         --- Ridel (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[575]same person as...?  S--- Ridel (-after 11 Aug 1203).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[576].  An order of King John dated 11 Aug 1203 grants "terre et heredis Gaufridi Ridell fratris sui qui mortuus est" to "S. Ridell"[577].  It is not known whether these brothers were the sons of Geoffrey Ridel by his second wife. 

4.         daughter .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[578]

 

 

 

RIE

 

 

1.         HUBERT [I] de Riem ---.  The name of Hubert’s wife is not known.  Hubert [I] & his wife had six children: 

a)         EUDES de Rie (-1 Mar 1120, bur Colchester)His parentage is confirmed by the History of the foundation of St John’s abbey, Colchester which names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[579].  "…Eudo dapifer" witnessed the charter dated to [1072] under which William I King of England summoned knights to attend Easter at Clarendon[580].  "…Eudo de Ria fitz Hubert…Engelramn fitz Hubert [=Hilbert]…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Jul 1080 under which William I King of England confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Lessay[581].  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Eudo…dapifer Regis…sororis suæ Muriellæ" dated to [1080], witnessed by "…Radulfo fratre Ilgeri, Rogero vicecomite et Osberno sororio Eudonis et Walgero filio eius…"[582].  "…Eudo, Adam brother of Eudo…Richard de Meri, Geoffrey de Sai, Robert de Oilli" witnessed the charter dated 1084 under which William I King of England confirmed a donation by Roger de Albini to Lessay Holy Trinity[583].  Domesday Book records “Eudo fitzHubert” holding Ashe in Overton Hundred in Hampshire; St Leonards in Ripplesmere Hundred in Berkshire; "Eudo the Steward" holding numerous properties in Essex, in Norfolk and in Suffolk[584]"…Eudo dapifer, Ivo dapifer, Hanno dapifer…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Jan 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the status of Bath abbey[585].  "Eudo dapifer" donated "the whole tithe of the forest of Tison...[and rights] in all his honour of Préaux [Pratellis]" to Saint-Amand by undated charter[586].  “Eudo dapifer domini regis” founded Colchester St John, for the souls of King Henry I, Queen Matilda “...uxore mea Roaysia”, by undated charter[587].  The History of the foundation of St John’s abbey, Colchester records the death “pridie Kal Mar 1120” of “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, and that “Waltherius eius nepos” brought his body for burial[588].  Dapifer.  m ROHESE, daughter of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Brionne & his wife Rohese Giffard (-7 Jan 1121, bur Le Bec, Normandy[589]).  “Eudo dapifer domini regis” founded Colchester St John, for the souls of King Henry I, Queen Matilda “...uxore mea Roaysia”, by undated charter[590].  Her parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Rohais uxor Eudonis dapiferi” donated “manerium de Halingberi sicut dominus meus Eudo die qua vivus et mortuus fuit illud habebat” and land which “Gelebertus frater meus” gave her, for the souls of “Eudonis dapiferi mariti mei et Gilberti fratris mei[591], which is corroborated by the undated charter under which  “Walterus filius Roberti” donated “terram de teia” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti filii Ricardi et matris mee Matildis et...Rohaise amite mee que ecclesiam Sancti Johannis fundavit et fratrum suorum”, to Colchester St. John[592].  The History of the foundation of St John’s abbey, Colchester also names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ” and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[593].  Other sources suggest a different parentage for Rohese.  According to Guillaume de Jumièges and the Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, she was Rohese, widow of Richard FitzGilbert de Brionne, daughter of Gauthier Giffard & his wife Ermengarde (-after 1113, bur [Colchester]).  Guillaume de Jumièges names "Galterium Giffardum primum” as father of “secundum Galterium Giffardum et filias plures” of whom “una...Rohais” married “Richardo filio comitis Gisleberti[594].  According to the Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, ”Rohesia” married secondly “Eudoni dapifero Regis Normanniæ” after the death of “Ricardo filio comitis Gisleberti” and that they were both buried “tempore Henrici primi” in “castrum Clecestriæ…cœnobio in honore sancti Johannis” which Eudo constructed[595].  The Complete Peerage says that this parentage is “probably erroneous[596].  From a chronological point of view, the connection would be tight, assuming that the death date of Richard FitzGilbert is correctly estimated to [1090] and the birth of Rohese’s granddaughter by her alleged second marriage, Beatrix, is correctly assessed at [1105].  This supposed different parentage is disproved by the three sources quoted above.  Eudes & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          MARGUERITE ([1080/90]-).  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names “Margareta” as daughter of “Eudoni dapifero Regis Normanniæ” and “Rohesia”, adding that she married “Willielmo de Mandavill” by whom she was mother of “Gaufridi filii comitis Essexiæ et iure matris Normanniæ dapifer[597].  According to the Complete Peerage, this genealogy is “probably erroneous” but it does not explain the basis for the doubts[598].  Marguerite’s second marriage is suggested by the charter dated [1141/42] under which Empress Matilda made various grants of property including a grant to "Willelmo filio Otuel fratri…Comitis Gaufredi"[599].  The only Ottiwell has been identified was the illegitimate son of Hugh Earl of Chester.  m firstly ([1100/05]) WILLIAM de Mandeville, son of GEOFFREY de Mandeville & his first wife Adelisia --- (-[1116]).  m secondly ([1116/19]) OTTIWELL, [maybe OTTIWELL FitzHugh, illegitimate son of HUGH Earl of Chester & his mistress ---] (-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120)

b)         RAOUL .  The History of the foundation of St John’s abbey, Colchester names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[600].  Constable of Nottingham. 

c)         HUBERT [II] (-before 1127).  The History of the foundation of St John’s abbey, Colchester names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[601]

-        see below

d)         ADAM .  The History of the foundation of St John’s abbey, Colchester names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[602].  Custodian of Kent castle.  "…Eudo, Adam brother of Eudo…Richard de Meri, Geoffrey de Sai, Robert de Oilli" witnessed the charter dated 1084 under which William I King of England confirmed a donation by Roger de Albini to Lessay Holy Trinity[603]

e)         ROBERT (-1082).  Orderic Vitalis records that, after the death of “Ivone...Sagiensium præsule”, “Rodbertus Huberti de Ria filius” was appointed and was bishop for twelve years, dated to 1070[604].  Bishop of Sées. 

f)          [MATILDA .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger de Sumeri" in Kent for holdings "tra Matis uxoris sue"[605].  Her parentage is indicated by Domesday Descendants saying that the land in question was held by Adam FitzHubert, brother of Eudes dapifer, in Domesday Book[606].  Her family origin appears corroborated by her daughter naming her son Adam, presumably after his maternal great-uncle.  No indication has been found of the name of Matilda’s husband.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          CHRISTIANA (-after 1139).  Domesday Descendants cites a charter under which Roger de Somery donated property to Rochester St Andrew, naming his wife Christiana, undated[607].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger de Sumeri" in Kent for holdings "tra Matis uxoris sue"[608].  King Stephen confirmed a donation to Stratford-at-Bow priory of land at Haslingfield, Cambridgeshire by "Cristiana de Sumeri et filii sui" by charter dated to [1139/54][609]m ROGER [I] de Somery, son of --- (-after 1129). 

g)         MURIEL .  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Eudo…dapifer Regis…sororis suæ Muriellæ" dated to [1080], witnessed by "…Radulfo fratre Ilgeri, Rogero vicecomite et Osberno sororio Eudonis et Walgero filio eius…"[610].  The charter does not specify that the witness Osbern was the husband of Muriel, as well as brother-in-law of Eudes, but this appears probable.  [m OSBERN, son of ---.  Osbern & his wife had one child]:  

i)          [WALGER .  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Eudo…dapifer Regis…sororis suæ Muriellæ" dated to [1080], witnessed by "…Radulfo fratre Ilgeri, Rogero vicecomite et Osberno sororio Eudonis et Walgero filio eius…"[611].] 

2.         [--- .]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ROGER"…Rogerius nepos Huberti de Ria…" witnessed a charter dated to [1070/80] which records that "Hubertus Ribola et Garsendis uxore eius" wrongly made claims to "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica"[612]

 

 

1.         --- de Rie m BEATRIX de Grantmesnil, daughter of --- de Grantmesnil & his wife Emma ---.  "Beatrix de Rye" donated property to Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, for the health of "Emma sa mère et de Guillaume de Grentesmesnil son frère" and confirmed their donations to the abbey, in return for a horse for "son fils Guillaume de Rye", by undated charter witnessed by "Guillaume de Creully, Henri de Pont-Audemer, Michel Belet et Julien de Rye"[613].  One child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Rie .  "Beatrix de Rye" donated property to Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, for the health of "Emma sa mère et de Guillaume de Grentesmesnil son frère" and confirmed their donations to the abbey, in return for a horse for "son fils Guillaume de Rye", by undated charter witnessed by "Guillaume de Creully, Henri de Pont-Audemer, Michel Belet et Julien de Rye"[614]

 

 

HUBERT [II] de Rie, son of HUBERT [I] de Rie & his wife --- (-before 1127).  The History of the foundation of St John’s abbey, Colchester names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[615].  Custodian of Norwich castle.  "…Hubert de Rye…" witnessed the charter dated 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the possessions of the church of Salisbury[616].  “…Hubert de Ria…” witnessed the charter dated [May 1092] under which William II King of England confirmed previous grants to Lincoln cathedral[617].  “…Huberti de Ria…” witnessed the charter dated Sep 1093 under which William II King of England donated property to Lincoln cathedral[618].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of "decimas de Hokeringhe, de Swanetuna, de Depham, de Bukestuna, de Mercheshale" by "Hubertus de Ria…Agnes de Belfo uxor eius…cum Ricardo filio suo" to Holy Trinity, Norwich, at the request of "Henrici filii et heredis ipsorum", by charter dated to [1127][619]

m as her second husband, AGNES de Tosny, widow of RALPH de Belfou, daughter of ROBERT de Tosny of Belvoir & his wife --- (-before 1127).  “Agnes de Toteneio” confirmed the donation to Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire by "pater meus Robertus de Toteneio et mater mea Adelais", by undated charter[620].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of "decimas de Hokeringhe, de Swanetuna, de Depham, de Bukestuna, de Mercheshale" by "Hubertus de Ria…Agnes de Belfo uxor eius…cum Ricardo filio suo" to Holy Trinity, Norwich, at the request of "Henrici filii et heredis ipsorum", by charter dated to [1127][621].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son “Henricus de Rya” confirmed the donations to Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire by "Roberti avi mei et Agnetis matris meæ"[622]

Hubert [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         HENRY de Rie (-after 1166).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of "decimas de Hokeringhe, de Swanetuna, de Depham, de Bukestuna, de Mercheshale" by "Hubertus de Ria…Agnes de Belfo uxor eius…cum Ricardo filio suo" to Holy Trinity, Norwich, at the request of "Henrici filii et heredis ipsorum", by charter dated to [1127][623].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Henric de Ria" in Norfolk[624].  “Henricus de Rya” confirmed the donations to Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire by "Roberti avi mei et Agnetis matris meæ", by undated charter[625].  King Stephen confirmed the exchange of land between the see of Canterbury and "Henricus de Ria" (confirming the exchange made by "Hubertus de Ria pater Henrici eis in morte sua") by charter dated to after 19 Aug 1146[626].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Ria" held three knights’ fees from the bishop of Ely in Cambridgeshire[627]m AVELINE, daughter of ---.  A charter extract, undated, records a grant to "Avelinæ uxori Henrico de Ria", another "ad faciendum Hubertum de Ria militem", a third "ad sororem suam maritandam", and a last "dominus Reginaldus de Warenna suscepit terram Huberti"[628]The 1167/68 Pipe Roll records payment by "Auelina de Ria" for "filius suus Mil q erat in custodia Regis" in Norfolk/Suffolk[629]The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Auelina de Ria…pro filio suo quem fecit militem dum esset in custodia regis" in Norfolk and Suffolk[630].  Henry & his wife had three children: 

a)         HUBERT [III] de Rie (-after 1171).  A charter extract, undated, records a grant to "Avelinæ uxori Henrico de Ria", another "ad faciendum Hubertum de Ria militem", a third "ad sororem suam maritandam", and a last "dominus Reginaldus de Warenna suscepit terram Huberti"[631].  This document suggests that Hubert was the son of Henry and Aveline, which appears confirmed by another charter extract which clarifies his sister’s marriage (see below).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Hubertus de rya xx l" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][632]The 1167/68 Pipe Roll records payment by "Auelina de Ria" for "filius suus Mil q erat in custodia Regis" in Norfolk/Suffolk[633]The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Hubert de Rie xxxv l per Rogerum de Warenne" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1171/72][634]

b)         daughter .  A charter extract, undated, records a grant to "Avelinæ uxori Henrico de Ria", another "ad faciendum Hubertum de Ria militem", a third "ad sororem suam maritandam", and a last "dominus Reginaldus de Warenna suscepit terram Huberti"[635].  This extract is clarified, concerning the last point, by another charter extract, also undated, which records that "dominus Reginaldus de Warenna suscepit terram Huberti de Ria…ad filiam Henrici de Ria maritandam"[636].  The chronology of the Rie family suggests that this marriage took place in [1160/70].  m ([1160/70]) RAINALD de Warenne, son of [RAINALD de Warenne & his wife Alice de Wormgay]. 

c)         daughter .  A charter extract, undated, records "de terra Willelmi filii Baldrici de Tunestale, ad maritandam filiam Henrici de Ria"[637]m WILLIAM FitzBaldric de Tunstall, son of BALDRIC & his wife ---. 

 

 

1.         HUBERT [IV] de Rie (-[1196/1207]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "feoda Huberti de Rya" paying "xvii l x s, per Robertum de Tresgoz, xxxv milites" in Norfolk, Suffolk[638].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Hubertus de Rya" paying "xxxv l" in Norfolk, Suffolk[639]m ---.  The name of Hubert’s wife is not known.  Hubert [IV] & his wife had two children: 

a)         AVELINE de Rie (-[1266/67]).  An order dated 1207 records "Avelina et Isabel filæ et heredes Hub de Rye", in Norfolk[640].  Her marriage is suggested by the Red Book of the Exchequer which records "Johannes Marscallus et Rogerus de Cressi" [the latter married to Aveline’s younger sister] holding 18 knights’ fees "de baronia Huberti de Ria" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][641]John Marshal gave land in Foulsham, Norfolk to Walsingham priory for the souls of "himself and his wife Aline, for John and Alice, his father and mother, for William Marshal the Earl and Isabel his wife, and for Hubert and Margaret de Rye"[642]An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Aelina Marescall alias la Marischal", names "John son of Sir William le Mareschal […her son], aged 12, is her heir"[643]m ([1200]) JOHN Marshall, illegitimate son of JOHN the Marshal & his mistress Alice --- (-1235).  Marshal of Ireland. 

b)         ISABEL de Rie"Rob fil Rog" paid a fine for "juniori filia Hubti de Ria ut ipsa maritanda cuidam nepoti suo" in Norfolk & Suffolk, dated 1199[644]An order dated 1207 records "Avelina et Isabel filæ et heredes Hub de Rye", in Norfolk[645].  "Rog de Cressy" paid a fine for "heritanda I ux Ysabell q fuit uxor Gaufridi de Cestr", dated 1207[646].  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “tres filias...Margaretam, Clementiam et Saram” as the children of “Willielmum de Caineto”, son of “domino Roberto filio Walteri fundatori domus sanctæ Fidis de Horsham”, adding that “Margareta” married firstly “cuidam Normanno Hugoni de Crescy”, by whom she had “filium...Rogerum” who married “Isabellam de Ry” and had “quatuor filios...Hugonem, Rogerum, Johannem et Stephanum” all of whom died childless, and secondly “Roberto filio Rogeri[647].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Johannes Marscallus et Rogerus de Cressi" holding 18 knights’ fees "de baronia Huberti de Ria" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][648]m firstly ([1199]) GEOFFREY de Chester, son of [ROBERT FitzRoger & his wife ---] (-before 1207).  m secondly (1207 or before) ROGER de Cressy, son of --- (-1246). 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         TOUSTAIN de Riem AGNES de Raveston, daughter of --- (-after 1215).  "Agnes de Raveston, femme de Toustain de Rye chevalier" donated property to Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, with the consent of "son fils Robert de Rye", by charter dated 1215[649].  Toustain & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Rie (-after 1215).  "Agnes de Raveston, femme de Toustain de Rye chevalier" donated property to Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, with the consent of "son fils Robert de Rye", by charter dated 1215[650]

2.         ROBERT de Rie .  "Robert de Rye" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern by "son frère Toustain chevalier", by undated charter[651]

 

 

 

ROLLOS

 

 

Two brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         WILLIAM de Rollos (-before 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Baldwinus filius Gisleb" for "terra Willi de Rullos cum filia Ric fratris sui" in Lincolnshire[652]

2.         RICHARD de Rollos (-[after 1130]).  "Ricardus de Roll[os]" is named holding land "in Thorp et in Twyford" in Lodinton Hundred, Gosecote Wapentake in the Leicestershire survey, dated to [1124/29][653].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Baldwinus filius Gisleb" for "terra Willi de Rullos cum filia Ric fratris sui" in Lincolnshire[654].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "---ic de Rullos" in Westmoreland[655].  “Richard de Rollos" donated the church of St Martin of Rollos to the priory of Saint-Etienne, Plessis-Grimould, with the consent of "his sons Richard and Robert”, by charter dated to [1130][656]m EMMA, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants cites a charter which names Richard de Rollo’s wife as Emma and suggests that she was one of the daughters of "the Breton Enison Musard" who held a fief in the honour of Richmond, later recorded as held by Richard[657].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Richard de Rulos" married "the daughter and heiress of Hugh de Evermue, lord of Brunne and Depyng"[658].  If this is correct, she was [Emma] de Evermou, daughter of Hugh de Evermou & his wife --- de Bourne.  Round dismisses this alleged parentage and marriage as chronologically impossible, although his explanation of the chronological difficulties does not appear to be correct[659].  Nevertheless, Ingulph’s Chronicle is, in any case, of dubious authority.  Richard & his wife had four children: 

a)         RICHARD de Rollos (-after [1141/63]).  “Richard de Rollos" donated the church of St Martin of Rollos to the priory of Saint-Etienne, Plessis-Grimould, with the consent of "his sons Richard and Robert”, by charter dated to [1130][660].  “Richard the second de Rollos" donated the churches of Burcy and Saint-Martin de Trottemer to the priory of Saint-Etienne, Plessis-Grimould, for his soul and that of "his wife”, by charter dated to [1141/63][661]m ---. 

b)         ROBERT de Rollos .  “Richard de Rollos" donated the church of St Martin of Rollos to the priory of Saint-Etienne, Plessis-Grimould, with the consent of "his sons Richard and Robert”, by charter dated to [1130][662]

c)         WILLIAM de Rollos .  He is named in Domesday Descendants, without citing the corresponding primary source[663]

d)         ADELINA de Rollos (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Baldwinus filius Gisleb" for "terra Willi de Rullos cum filia Ric fratris sui" in Lincolnshire[664].  A charter of King Edward III confirmed donations to Bourn Priory, among which donations by “Baldevinus filius Gisleberti” with the consent of “filio meo Rogero et uxore mea Adhelina[665]m (before 1130) BALDWIN FitzGilbert de Clare, son of GILBERT FitzRichard de Clare & his wife Adelisa de Clermont (-[1154]).  Lord of Bourne.  Domesday Descendants suggests that Baldwin did not inherit Bourne from his wife, who had older brothers living after their marriage, but that the lordship was regranted by King Henry I after the death of her paternal uncle William de Rollos[666]

 

 

 

ROS (of Kent)

 

 

1.         ANSCHETIL de Ros .  An undated charter of King Richard I confirmed possessions of Colchester St John, including the donation of “decimam de Ho et dimidiam decimam de Plumstede” made by “Asketillus de Ros[667]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Ros (-after 1166).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr de Ros" in Kent for holdings "patris sui"[668]m SIBYL de Bidun, daughter of HALENALD de Bidun & his [first/second] wife [Sara ---/Anneta ---].  Her parentage is confirmed by an undated charter which records an agreement between “Radulphum de Bidun” and “Willelmum de Ros filium Sibille de Ros amite sue et heredum suum” relates to land of “Triani patris mei et Radulfus Picot avi mei”, by undated charter[669].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Sibilla de Ros" held fees in Oxfordshire during the reign of King Henry I and now held fees from "Manasser Arsic"[670].  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM [I] de Ros (-before 1185).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name those providing knights for military service with "Willelmi de Ros" in Kent[671].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Ros iv l i m" in Kent in [1167/68][672].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "William de Ros vii l" in Kent in [1171/72][673]m MATILDA de Camville, daughter of RICHARD [I] de Camville & his [second wife Melisende ---] (-after 1185).  “Matildis de Ros, filia Ricardi de Canvilla…cum Beatrice filia mea” donated revenue from "molendino de Hildrikesham de maritagio meo" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, for the souls of "Willielmi de Ros viri mei et Willielmi filii mei", by undated charter[674].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[675].  William [I] & his wife had seven children: 

i)          WILLIAM [II] de Ros ([1164/65]-before 30 Sep 1194).  “Matildis de Ros, filia Ricardi de Canvilla…cum Beatrice filia mea” donated revenue from "molendino de Hildrikesham de maritagio meo" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, for the souls of "Willielmi de Ros viri mei et Willielmi filii mei", by undated charter[676].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[677].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Ros vii l" in Kent in [1186/87][678].  An undated charter records an agreement between “Radulphum de Bidun” and “Willelmum de Ros filium Sibille de Ros amite sue et heredum suum” relates to land of “Triani patris mei et Radulfus Picot avi mei”, by undated charter[679].  The date of his death is estimated from the 1194 Pipe Roll which records "heredes Willelmi de Ros" owing in Kent[680]

ii)         son .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[681]same person as...?  JAMES de Ros .  The 1194 Pipe Roll records "Jammes de Ros" owing in Kent for “terre in Wuda[682]

iii)        son .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[683]

iv)       BEATRICE de Ros .  “Matildis de Ros, filia Ricardi de Canvilla…cum Beatrice filia mea” donated revenue from "molendino de Hildrikesham de maritagio meo" to Clerkenwell St Mary’s, for the souls of "Willielmi de Ros viri mei et Willielmi filii mei", by undated charter[684]

v)        three daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[685]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [III] de Ros (-before 1227).  William [III] de Ros was probably the son of William [II] de Ros, see above, but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not been identified.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Willelmus de Ros" paying "vii l, per Alexandrem Arsic, custodem heredis" in Kent[686].  An order of King John dated 26 Dec 1202 granted "Pet de Stoke...totam terram que fuit Willi de Ros, q Alex Arsic qui mortuus est habuit in custodiam cum heredem predicti Willi"[687].  The Rotulus de Prestito names “Will de Ros de Cancia" among the knights serving in Dublin in 1210[688]m ALICE, daughter of ---.  Farrer states that “Alice de Ros” held ¾ fee in Farningham “in the name of the dower of Richard de Ros, who held of the heirs of Robert Arsik[689].  It is assumed that Alice was Richard’s mother.  William [II] & his wife had four children: 

a)         WILLIAM [IV] de Ros (-before 1243).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1227, by "Rogerus de Gloucestria pater Johannis" against "Willelmum filium Willelmi de Ros qui infra etatem est" concerning "terre...in Toppefeld", which records what happened to the land when “Willelmi de Ros patris qui similiter fuit infra etatem et in custodia Petri de Stokes[690].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1230 in Kent, which records that "Willelmus de S. Johanne" had bought "maritagium heredis Willelmi de Ros" from "Willelmum de Eynefordia"[691]m [firstly] ([1230/Jan 1234]) GOLDEHOLDE de St John, daughter of WILLIAM de St. John & his wife Godeholde Paynell.  An order dated 24 Jan 1234 pardoned debts of “Willelmo de Sancto Johanne” and “Willelmo de Ros, qui filiam predicti Willelmi duxit in uxorem” for not having served in Wales[692].  She married secondly Hugh de Wyndleshores.  “Geoffrey de Percy, Matilda his wife, and Lore widow sister of the said Matilda” granted the manor of Northcraye to “Hugh de Wyndlesores and Godeholda his wife...late the wife of William de Ros (brother of the said Matilda and Lora)”, undated[693].] 

b)         RICHARD de Ros (-[1243/46]).  Farrer records that “the heir of William de Ros” held 1 fee in Lullingstone of “Margaret de Rivers” in 1242/43[694].  Farrer states that “Alice de Ros” held ¾ fee in Farningham “in the name of the dower of Richard de Ros, who held of the heirs of Robert Arsik[695]

c)         MATILDA de Ros .  A notification dated 26 Jan 1246 states that the king “has made the marriage between the sister of Richard de Ros deceased and Geoffrey de Percy, king’s yeoman[696].  “Geoffrey de Percy, Matilda his wife, and Lore widow sister of the said Matilda” granted the manor of Northcraye to “Hugh de Wyndlesores and Godeholda his wife...late the wife of William de Ros (brother of the said Matilda and Lora)”, undated[697]m ([Jan] 1246) GEOFFREY de Percy, son of ---. 

d)         LORA de Ros (-after 1293).  Farrer says that Lora married firstly “Gilbert de Kirkebi”, and secondly “presumably...Peter de Otham” but does not cite the primary source which confirms this statement[698].  “Geoffrey de Percy, Matilda his wife, and Lore widow sister of the said Matilda” granted the manor of Northcraye to “Hugh de Wyndlesores and Godeholda his wife...late the wife of William de Ros (brother of the said Matilda and Lora)”, undated[699]m firstly (1246) GILBERT de Kirkby, son of ---.  m secondly PETER de Otham, son of ---. 

 

 

 

RUMILLY

 

 

Two siblings:

1.         ROBERT de Rumilly [Romilly] of Skipton, son of [RAINFRED & his wife ---].  [A charter dated to [1069] records the property of Troarn abbey including donations of land at “Tallivalla" by "Turstin de Croilleio, William de Columberiis, Roscelin son of Herald, Robert son of Rainfred, Richard vicomte of Avranches[700].  The estimated date of this document seems early for “Robert son of Rainfred” to be the same person as Robert de Rumilly, although it is possible that the estimate was incorrect.]  m CECILY, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         CECILY de Rumilly .  “Willielmus de Meschines et Cecilia uxor mea” founded Bolton Priory by undated charter[701].  “Cecilia de Romeli” donated property to Bolton Priory by undated charter which names “gener meus Willielmus nepos regis Scotiæ Duncani[702].  “Willielmus de Meschines et Cecilia uxor mea” founded Bolton Priory by undated charter[703].  “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee’s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by himself and “uxoris meæ Ceciliæ…concessione Ranulphi filii mei[704].  Her children by her first marriage used the name Rumilly.  Domesday Descendants notes that Cecily de Rumilly married as her second husband "Henry de Tracy of Barnstaple", without citing the corresponding primary source, but adds that "there is no evidence to suggest that she was the mother of Henry de Tracy’s heir Oliver"[705]m firstly WILLIAM FitzRanulf, son of RANULF Vicomte du Bessin [Bayeux] & his wife Marguerite [Mathilde] d'Avranches (-[1130/35]).  [706]m secondly as his second wife, HENRY de Tracy of Barnstaple, son of WILLIAM de Tracy & his wife Rohese --- (-[1164/65]). 

b)         [LUCY (-after 15 Jul 1131)Domesday Descendants says that Robert de Rumilly was "doubtless father also of Lucy wife of Jordan de Sai", but does not explain the reasoning[707].  According to Gallia Christiana, the abbey of Aunay was founded 15 Jul 1131 by Jordan “de Saio prope Argentomum” and Lucy his wife[708].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Jordani de Saio et Lucie uxoris sue", by charter dated to [1181/89][709]m JORDAN de Say, son of --- (-after 15 Jul 1131).] 

2.         ADELISIA .  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn, including donations by "…Adelicie sororis Roberti de Rumilleio…" of property "in Anaeriis et…inter Taillevillam et Sanctum Albinum…", by charter dated to [1155/57][710]

 

 

 

SAINT-CLAIR

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Saint-Clair-sur-Elle in the present-day French département of Manche, arrondissement Saint-Lô, canton Saint-Clair[711]

 

 

1.         RICHARD de Saint-Clair (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Richard de Saint-Clair” holding Wortham from Ralph de Beaufour in Suffolk[712]

 

2.         RALPH de Saint-Clair .  “Hamo de Sancto Claro et Hubertus filius eius” donated “Eadgareslauue” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “Gunnoris sue conjugis et Eudoni dapiferi et Rohaise et patris et matris sue et fratrum suorum et omnium fidelium defunctorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfus de Sancto Claro...[713]

 

 

[Four or more] brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         WILLIAM de Saint-Clair (-after 1161).  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “ecclesie Sancte Marie Walcre” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of King Henry I, Queen Matilda, “Eudonis dapiferi et...mee et uxoris mee Gunnoris et anime Huberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated to before 1119), witnessed by “Willelmo de Sancto Claro, Huberto de Sancto Claro...[714].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de sco Claro" in Dorsetshire and Huntingdonshire[715].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Savigny abbey, including donation by "Guillelmi de Sancto Claro et Haimonis fratris eius" of "sextam partem de Taon", by charter dated to [1156/58][716].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "in perdonis Willelmo de Sancto Claro, xxl" in Somerset in [1158/59][717].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Sancto Claro iv l xi s viii d" in Somerset in [1161/62][718].  “Willelmus de Sancto Claro suo fratri Hamoni de Sancto Claro et Huberto filio eius” donated “totam tenuram meam de Grenesteda” to Colchester St. John and reached agreement on the donation by undated charter[719].  An undated charter of King Richard I confirmed possessions of Colchester St John, including the donation of “Algareslawe in Berleya” made by “Hamo de Sancto Claro” and “Grenestede juxta Colecestriam” by “Willelmus de Sancto Claro[720]

2.         HAMON de Saint-Clair (-after 1139, bur Colchester St. John).  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “ecclesie Sancte Marie Walcre” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of King Henry I, Queen Matilda, “Eudonis dapiferi et...mee et uxoris mee Gunnoris et anime Huberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated to before 1119), witnessed by “Willelmo de Sancto Claro, Huberto de Sancto Claro...[721].  “Hamo de Sancto Claro et Hubertus filius eius” donated “Eadgareslauue” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “Gunnoris sue conjugis et Eudoni dapiferi et Rohaise et patris et matris sue et fratrum suorum et omnium fidelium defunctorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfus de Sancto Claro...[722].  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “omnes decimas de manerio meo de Adgareslawe” to Colchester St. John by charter dated 1123[723].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Savigny abbey, including the donation by "Guillelmi de Sancto Claro et Haimonis fratris eius" of "sextam partem de Taon", by charter dated to [1156/58][724].  “Willelmus de Sancto Claro suo fratri Hamoni de Sancto Claro et Huberto filio eius” donated “totam tenuram meam de Grenesteda” to Colchester St. John and reached agreement on the donation by undated charter[725].  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” confirmed the donation of “totam Grenestedam” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “...fratrum meorum qui jacent ad illud monasterium”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro...[726].  An undated charter of King Richard I confirmed possessions of Colchester St John, including the donation of “Algareslawe in Berleya” made by “Hamo de Sancto Claro” and “Grenestede juxta Colecestriam” by “Willelmus de Sancto Claro[727].  “Hubertus de Sancto Claro” donated “cum corpore patris mei Hamonis de Sancto Claro...molendinum de Lexendene...sicut...fuit...in manu Willelmi de Sancto Claro patrui mei” to Colchester St. John, by undated charter[728]m firstly as her second husband, GUNNOR, widow of ROBERT FitzSwein Lord of Rayleigh, Essex, daughter of ROGER Bigod of Earsham, Suffolk & his [second] wife Adelise de Tosny (-before [1137]).  A charter of Hugh Bigod for Norwich Priory refers to property given by “his sister Gunnor”[729].  “Robert de Essex and Gunnora his wife, daughter of Roger Bigod” donated Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of their ancestors and of "their son Henry on his birth-day"[730].  It is not clear from this extract whether Gunnor’s father was named in the original document.  Her first marriage is indicated by the charter of King Henry II which confirmed donations to Thetford Priory, including the donation by “Gunnoræ matris Henrici de Exessa[731].  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “ecclesie Sancte Marie Walcre” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of King Henry I, Queen Matilda, “Eudonis dapiferi et...mee et uxoris mee Gunnoris et anime Huberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated to before 1119), witnessed by “Willelmo de Sancto Claro, Huberto de Sancto Claro...[732].  “Hamo de Sancto Claro et Hubertus filius eius” donated “Eadgareslauue” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “Gunnoris sue conjugis et Eudoni dapiferi et Rohaise et patris et matris sue et fratrum suorum et omnium fidelium defunctorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfus de Sancto Claro...[733].  Her second husband confirmed grants of her marriage portion in Brome for her soul[734]m secondly MARGARET, daughter of ROBERT FitzWalter de Caen & his first wife Aveline --- (-bur Colchester St. John).  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “manerium de Stoches” to Colchester St. John, at the request of “Margarete uxoris mee cujus maritagium illud manerium erat”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Symon frater Margarete...[735].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, and for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei” and for the salvation of “viri mei Hamonis” and with his consent, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro, Symon frater meus...[736].  Hamon & his first wife had [two] children: 

a)         HUBERT de Saint-Clair ([before 1110]-before 1185).  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” donated “ecclesie Sancte Marie Walcre” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of King Henry I, Queen Matilda, “Eudonis dapiferi et...mee et uxoris mee Gunnoris et anime Huberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated to before 1119), witnessed by “Willelmo de Sancto Claro, Huberto de Sancto Claro...[737].  Hubert’s date of birth is estimated on the assumption that he was still a child at the date of this charter, but old enough to have signed as a witness.  “Willelmus de Sancto Claro suo fratri Hamoni de Sancto Claro et Huberto filio eius” donated “totam tenuram meam de Grenesteda” to Colchester St. John and reached agreement on the donation by undated charter[738].  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” confirmed the donation of “totam Grenestedam” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “...fratrum meorum qui jacent ad illud monasterium”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro...[739].  “Hamo de Sancto Claro et Hubertus filius eius” donated “Eadgareslauue” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “Gunnoris sue conjugis et Eudoni dapiferi et Rohaise et patris et matris sue et fratrum suorum et omnium fidelium defunctorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfus de Sancto Claro...[740].  “Margareta uxor Hamonis de Sancto Claro” donated “Stoches...manerium meum cum suis appendiciis de Sudfolchia et Norfolc...sicut...michi pater meus concessit” to Colchester St. John for her burial there, and for the souls of “patris mei Roberti et Aueline matris mee et Johannis fratris mei” and for the salvation of “viri mei Hamonis” and with his consent, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro, Symon frater meus...[741].  “Hubertus de Sancto Claro” donated “cum corpore patris mei Hamonis de Sancto Claro...molendinum de Lexendene...sicut...fuit...in manu Willelmi de Sancto Claro patrui mei” to Colchester St. John, by undated charter[742].  “Hubertus de Sancto Claro” donated “totam tenuram de Grenesteda...sicut pater meus Hamo et Willelmus patruus meus...habuerunt” to Colchester St. John by undated charter[743]m CLEMENTIA, daughter of --- ([1124/25]-after 1185).  “Willelmus de Lamualei” granted “Hamertonam post decessum domine Clementie” to “Radulfo de Lamualei filio meo juniori”, to hold “de Guillelmo de Lamualei filio meo”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfo de Lamualei, Olivero...Guillelmo clerico...[744].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Clementia qui fuit uxor Huberti de Sancto Claro”, aged 60, her land "in Westone" in Hertfordshire, and in another passage that she held "Haiam de Willelmo de Lanvalei" in Huntingdonshire[745].  “Willelmus de Lamualei filius Willelmi de Lamualei miles” donated “terram...ad Galweidone in Lexedene...pro dimidia virgata terre quam Clementia avia mea...pro anima matris mee Gunnore de maritagio suo in Westone donaverat” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo de Lamualei...Guillelmo clerico...[746].  Hubert & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUNNOR de Saint-Clair ([1140/50]-before 1185)Domesday Descendants names "Gunnora daughter and heiress of Hubert de St Clair" as the wife of William de Lanvallay, but does not cite a specific source reference for this information[747].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Her birth date is estimated on the assumption that the age of her mother is accurately stated in the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185.  “Willelmus de Lamualei” donated “terram quam tenuit Ædgarus Treissolz extra muros Colecestrie et in Balkerne gardinum” to Colchester St. John, with the consent of “uxoris mee Gunnore et heredis mei Willelmi”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Robertus de Valuines, Radulfus de Lamualei, Oliuer de Lamualei, Radulfus filius Pain, Willelmus de Lamualei clericus...[748]m WILLIAM [I] de Lanvallay, son of --- (-before 1185). 

b)         [MATILDA (-after 1147).  “Albricus de Domno Martino et Matilda uxor eius” donated “ecclesiam de Hamertune” to Colchester St. John by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro...[749].  The witness also donated the same church to Colchester St. John, which suggests a joint interest with the donors.  Maybe Matilda was the sister of Hubert de Saint-Clair.  Evans dates this document to [1147/67][750]m [as his second wife,] AUBREY [I] de Dammartin, son of EUDES [I] de Dammartin & his wife Basilia --- (-after [1171/72]).] 

3.         two or more brothers (-bur Colchester St. John).  “Hamo de Sancto Claro et Hubertus filius eius” donated “Eadgareslauue” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “Gunnoris sue conjugis et Eudoni dapiferi et Rohaise et patris et matris sue et fratrum suorum et omnium fidelium defunctorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Radulfus de Sancto Claro...[751].  It is unclear in this document whether “defunctorum” applies to “omnium fidelium” or also to “fratrum suorum”.  “Hamo de Sancto Claro” confirmed the donation of “totam Grenestedam” to Colchester St. John, for the souls of “...fratrum meorum qui jacent ad illud monasterium”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Hubertus de Sancto Claro...[752]

 

 

Three brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         ROBERT de Saint-Clair (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Robertus de Sancto Claro, ii milites, Johannes de Sancto Claro, ii milites" among those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[753]

2.         JOHN de Saint-Clair (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Robertus de Sancto Claro, ii milites, Johannes de Sancto Claro, ii milites" among those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[754]m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH de Saint-Clair (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hugo de Sancto Claro" holding one quarter of one knight’s fee "in Hesslingeham" in Kent in [1210/12][755]m CHRISTIANA, daughter of ---.  Bracton lists a claim by "Cristina de Sancto Claro…neptem Roberti Bataill" against "Gilebertum de Sancto Claro", dated 1218, for "terciam partem…terre…in Stanes…dotem suam…quod fuit Hugonis de Sancto Claro viri sui", defended on the basis of an agreement between "Simonem patrem ipsius Gilberti et Johannem patrem ipsius Hugonis"[756]

3.         SIMON de Saint-Clairm ---.  The name of Simon’s wife is not known.  Simon & his wife had one child: 

a)         GILBERT de Saint-Clair (-after 1218).  Bracton lists a claim by "Cristina de Sancto Claro…neptem Roberti Bataill" against "Gilebertum de Sancto Claro", dated 1218, for "terciam partem…terre…in Stanes…dotem suam…quod fuit Hugonis de Sancto Claro viri sui", defended on the basis of an agreement between "Simonem patrem ipsius Gilberti et Johannem patrem ipsius Hugonis"[757]

 

 

1.         GILBERT de Saint-Clair (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gilbertus de Sancto Claro" held two parts of one knight’s fee "de honore Sancti Edmundi" in Norfolk[758]

 

2.         WILLIAM de Saint-Clair (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmo de Sancto Claro" paying for "i militem et dimidium" in Essex, Herefordshire[759].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Willelmus de Sancto Claro" paying "xxx s, i militem et dimidium" in Essex, Hertfordshire[760]

 

3.         JAMES de Saint-Clair (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Jacobus de Sancto Claro" holding "quartam pro i carucata…in Summenystre" in London, Middlesex in [1210/12][761]

 

4.         GEOFFREY de Saint-Clair (-[1219/22]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Gaufridus de Sancto Claro" holding "Stepeltone" in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12], adding "debet tenere die Paschæ coram domina Regina unum manutergium"[762].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Somerset and Dorset, dated 1219, which includes "Galfridus de Sancto Claro" holding land "in Stapeltun" in Somerset[763].  m ---.  The name of Geoffrey’s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Saint-Clair .  "Robert [de St Claro]" had "full seisin…of the land formerly of Geoffrey de St Claro in Standen which is of the fee of the daughter and heiress of the earl of the Isle [of Wight]" in Hampshire, dated [Jan 1223][764].  "Robert de St Claro" did homage to the king for "the land of Stapleton…and…in Somerton" in Somerset, dated 8 Jan 1223[765]

 

 

 

SAINT-HILAIRE

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët in the present-day French département of Manche, arrondissement Mortain, canton Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët[766]

 

 

[Two] brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         ASCULF de Saint-Hilaire (-1121 or after).  ["Apud oppidum Santi Hilarii, Harchodio vicecomite, Petro fratre eius" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus Filogerensis et uxor eius Avicia" donated revenue to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères[767].  It appears likely that "Harchodio vicecomite" was the same person as Asculf de Saint-Hilaire but this is not beyond doubt.]  "…Hasculfo de Sancto Jacobo…" witnessed the charter dated to [1100/01] under which Henry I King of England confirmed donations by "Hugo de Grentemesnil" to Saint-Evroul[768].  “…Hasculfo de Sancto Hylario…" witnessed the charter dated to [1100/04] under which Guillaume Comte de Mortain confirmed donations to Saint-Martin de Marmoutier[769]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Asculf & his wife had four children: 

a)         EUDES de Saint-Hilaire .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

b)         PHILIPPE de Saint-Hilaire .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

c)         JAMES de Saint-Hilaire (-after 1138).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   “Jacobi de Sancto Hylario" donated land at Dallenges to Savigny, with the consent of "Aveline uxoris sue, Petri fratris eius", by charter dated 1138, witnessed by "…Georgius nepos Jacobi, et Oliverus, et Ricardus filius Adeline[770]m as her second husband, AVELINE, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-after 1138).  “Jacobi de Sancto Hylario" donated land at Dallenges to Savigny, with the consent of "Aveline uxoris sue, Petri fratris eius", by charter dated 1138, witnessed by "…Georgius nepos Jacobi, et Oliverus, et Ricardus filius Adeline[771].  James & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATILDA de Saint-Hilaire Robert of Torigny records that "Willermus de Albineio…comitem d'Arundel…[filium] Guillermum de Albineio primogenito" and "relictam Rogerii comitis de Clara filiam Jacobi de Sancto Hilario"[772].  Her name is confirmed by the undated charter which records that Wilielmus comes Sussexiæ” confirmed donations to Boxgrove Priory by his predecessors “Rogerus de Albineio, et Willelmus Pincerna…et Willielmi patris mei filii reginæ Aeliz, et Matildis matris meæ[773]m firstly ROGER de Clare Earl of Hertford, son of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare Lord of Clare & his wife Agnes [Alicia] of Chester (-1173).  m secondly WILLIAM de Albini, son of WILLIAM Earl of Arundel & his wife Adelisa de Louvain (-24 Dec 1193, bur Wymondham Priory).  He was restored as Earl of Arundel in 1190. 

d)         PETER de Saint-Hilaire (-after [1157]).  “Jacobi de Sancto Hylario" donated land at Dallenges to Savigny, with the consent of "Aveline uxoris sue, Petri fratris eius", by charter dated 1138, witnessed by "…Georgius nepos Jacobi, et Oliverus, et Ricardus filius Adeline[774].  “…Petro de Sancto Hylario…" witnessed the charter dated Nov 1151 under which Henri Duke of Normandy confirmed protection over Savigny abbey[775].  “…Petro de Sancto Hylario…Carpentario de Sancto Hylario" witnessed the charter dated to [1157] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the rights of Savigny abbey over land at Damfront[776]

e)         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

i)          GEORGE .  “Jacobi de Sancto Hylario" donated land at Dallenges to Savigny, with the consent of "Aveline uxoris sue, Petri fratris eius", by charter dated 1138, witnessed by "…Georgius nepos Jacobi, et Oliverus, et Ricardus filius Adeline[777]

2.         [PIERRE de Saint-Hilaire .  "Apud oppidum Santi Hilarii, Harchodio vicecomite, Petro fratre eius" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus Filogerensis et uxor eius Avicia" donated revenue to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères[778].  It appears likely that "Harchodio vicecomite" was the same person as Asculf de Saint-Hilaire but this is not beyond doubt.] 

 

 

1.         HERBERT de Saint-Hilaire .  “…Herberto de Sancto Hylario…" witnessed the charter dated to [1141/63] under which William de Briouse confirmed rights of the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur[779]

 

 

Three siblings, parents not identified: 

1.         RALPH de Saint-Hilaire .  Robert Earl of Leicester donated land at Medmontous, held by gift of his father and of “Ralf de Sancto Hylario and William his brother and Thomas their nepos”, to the abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern by charter dated to [1198/1204][780].  Philippe II King of France confirmed the charter under which Robert fils du comte de Leicester” had donated the possessions of “Raoul de Saint-Hilaire, Guillaume son frère et Thomas leur neveu...apud Mesmouton” to Saint-André de Goufer by charter dated [1 Nov 1215/9 Apr 1216][781]

2.         WILLIAM de Saint-Hilaire .  Robert Earl of Leicester donated land at Medmontous, held by gift of his father and of “Ralf de Sancto Hylario and William his brother and Thomas their nepos”, to the abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern by charter dated to [1198/1204][782].  Philippe II King of France confirmed the charter under which Robert fils du comte de Leicester” had donated the possessions of “Raoul de Saint-Hilaire, Guillaume son frère et Thomas leur neveu...apud Mesmouton” to Saint-André de Goufer by charter dated [1 Nov 1215/9 Apr 1216][783]

3.         --- de Saint-Hilairem ---.  One child: 

a)         THOMAS de Saint-Hilaire .  Robert Earl of Leicester donated land at Medmontous, held by gift of his father and of “Ralf de Sancto Hylario and William his brother and Thomas their nepos”, to the abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern by charter dated to [1198/1204][784].  Philippe II King of France confirmed the charter under which Robert fils du comte de Leicester” had donated the possessions of “Raoul de Saint-Hilaire, Guillaume son frère et Thomas leur neveu...apud Mesmouton” to Saint-André de Goufer by charter dated [1 Nov 1215/9 Apr 1216][785]

 

 

1.         EMMA de Saint-Hilaire .  "Willelmus de Veteri Ponte filius et heres Willelmi de Veteri Ponte et Emme de Sancto Hylario" donated "ecclesiam de Boeltun" to Holyrood abbey, with the consent of "domini mei Regis Scott Willelmi et Dni mei Alexandri filii eius", for the souls of "sponse mee et filii et heredis mei Willi…patris mei et matris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "…Willelmo Medio et Willelmo Juniore fratribus meis…"[786].  "W. de Veteri Ponte primogenitum filium domine Emme de Sancte Hylario" donated "decimam de carbonario meo de Kareddin" to Holyrood abbey by undated charter witnessed by "…Willelmo Medio et W. Juniore fratribus meis…"[787]m WILLIAM de Vieuxpont, son of ---. 

 

2.         PETER de Saint-Hilaire (-[29 Sep 1223/1229]).  "Peter de St Hillary and Gunnora his wife" paid a fine for "having their land of Corton Denham", dated [Aug] 1220[788].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Petrus de Sancto Hillario et Gunnora uxor eius” owing “pro habenda terra de Corston” in Somerset[789]m GUNNORA, daughter of --- (-after 1229).  "Peter de St Hillary and Gunnora his wife" paid a fine for "having their land of Corton Denham", dated [Aug] 1220[790].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Petrus de Sancto Hillario et Gunnora uxor eius” owing “pro habenda terra de Corston” in Somerset[791].  An order dated 1229 records that "Gunnora de Sancto Elario" relinquished "terra...in Corfton de Galfrido de Dynant" in favour of “Henrici de Sancto Elario filii sui postgeniti” when the latter paid homage to the king[792].  Peter & his wife had one child: 

a)         HENRY de Saint-Hilaire .  An order dated 1229 records that "Gunnora de Sancto Elario" relinquished "terra...in Corfton de Galfrido de Dynant" in favour of “Henrici de Sancto Elario filii sui postgeniti” when the latter paid homage to the king[793]

 

 

 

SAINT-MARTIN

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Saint-Martin-le-Gaillard in the present-day French département of Seine-Maritime (previously Seine-Inférieure), arrondissement Dieppe, canton Eu[794]

 

 

1.         JOHN de Saint-Martin .  "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino" by charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57][795]m ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH de Saint-Martin .  "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino" by charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57][796]m --- Mauduit, daughter of WILLIAM [I] Mauduit & his wife Hawise ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57] under which [her brother] "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino"[797].  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN de Saint-Martin (-after [1140]).  "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino" by charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57][798]

b)         WILLIAM de Saint-Martin .  "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino" by charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57][799]

 

 

1.         ALURED de Saint-Martin (-after 20 Nov 1189[800]).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alvredus de Sancto Martino" held one knights fee in Sussex under the Earl of Arundel[801]A charter of King Edward III dated 5 Nov 1337, which confirms various donations to Robert’s Bridge Abbey in Sussex, quotes a charter of King Richard I which records that Aluredus de Sancto Martino fundator ejusdem abbaciæ” held “de Galfrido de Sancto Martino et hæredibus suis in rapo de Hastyng[802]m firstly ---.  m secondly (after 1170) as her second husband, ALICE de Albini, widow of JEAN [I] Comte d'Eu Lord of Hastings, daughter of WILLIAM de Albini Earl of Arundel & his wife Adelisa de Louvain (-11 Sep [1188], bur Fécamp)).  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  It is suggested by a charter of King Edward III dated 5 Nov 1337 which confirms various donations to Robert’s Bridge Abbey in Sussex founded by Aluredus de Sancto Martino”, including “terram de Swergate et pasturam infra Wallam et extra” donated by “Aliciæ comitissæ de Augo et Henrici filii eius comitis Augi[803].  “Alizia comitissa Augi” donated "terram meam de Snergate, infra wallam et extra" to Robert’s Bridge Abbey, for the souls of “Willielmi comitis Arundeliæ patris mei et Aliziæ reginæ matris meæ et…domini mei J. comitis Augi et Godefridi fratris mei et Matildis et Margaretæ filiarum mearum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Henrico comite Augi, Roberto fratre eius, Aluredo de Sancto Martino…[804]

 

 

 

SAINT-MEDARD

 

 

1.         ANSKETIL de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo records that "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo" held land from "abbatia de Burch, in Hamtonascira" and in Lincolnshire[805]m ---.  The name of Ansketil’s wife is not known.  Ansketil & his wife had two children: 

a)         RICHARD de Saint-Médard (-before 1130).  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo"[806]m MABEL Ridel, daughter of GEOFFREY Ridel & his wife Geva [d’Avranches] (-after 1130).  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that Richard married "Mabilla Ridel" by whom he had "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo et Hugonem Ridel"[807].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Flandr" accounting for "Mabilia uxore Ric de sco Medardo cu dote sua" in Northamptonshire[808].  Richard & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEOFFREY de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that Richard married "Mabilla Ridel" by whom he had "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo et Hugonem Ridel"[809]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey’s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

(a)       PETER de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Petrum" as the son "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo"[810]m ---.  The name of Peter’s wife is not known.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

(1)       GEOFFREY de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Galfridum…[qui] fuit in custodia abbatis Benedicti, qui postea fuit leprosus" as the son "Petrum"[811]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey’s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

a.         PETER de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Petrum qui fuit in custodia abbatis Acharii" as son of "Galfridum…[qui] fuit in custodia abbatis Benedicti, qui postea fuit leprosus"[812]m ---.  The name of Peter’s wife is not known.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

(i)         GEOFFREY de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Galfridum qui fuit in custodia abbatis Martini" as son of "Petrum qui fuit in custodia abbatis Acharii"[813]

ii)         HUGH Ridel .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that Richard married "Mabilla Ridel" by whom he had "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo et Hugonem Ridel"[814].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Hugo Ridel" held "ix carucatas et i virgatam pro servitio i militis in Welesham et in Suttone et in Dingele" from "Galfridi Ridel" in Northamptonshire[815]

b)         GERARD de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo"[816]m ---.  The name of Gerard’s wife is not known.  Gerard & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that "Girardus genuit Robertum" and "Robertus genuit Margaretam"[817]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MARGARET de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that "Girardus genuit Robertum" and "Robertus genuit Margaretam" who held land "in Sibbertona et Ettona"[818]

 

 

 

STUTEVILLE (ESTOUTEVILLE)

 

 

This family has been studied by Gabriel de la Morandière[819].  He appears to clarify adequately the relationship between the Estouteville family in Normandy and the Stuteville family in England.  However, his account of the descent of the various branches of the English family is confused and contradictory.  As will be seen below, it has not yet been possible to reconstruct this family completely on the basis of the primary sources which have so far been consulted during the preparation of the present document. 

 

 

ROBERT [III] de Stuteville, son of ROBERT [II] d’Estouteville & his [second] wife Erneburg --- (-1183).  "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona", for the souls of "Roberti de Stutevilla avi mei et Roberti patris mei et Erneburgæ matris meæ et Helewisæ uxoris meæ", with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et aliorum filiorum meorum", by undated charter witnessed by "…Johanne de Stutevilla, Nicholao de Stutevilla, Rogero de Stutevilla, Bartholomæo de Stutevilla…"[820].  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, records that "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham" donated a mill "super ripam de Hullo, in territorio de Cotyngham" to the abbey[821].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus de Stoteville" held eight knights’ fees from "Rogeri de Munbray" in Yorkshire[822].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Osmundus de Stuteville" held two parts of one knight’s fee from "Robertus de Stuteville" in Yorkshire[823].  A charter of King John dated 3 Feb 1200 confirmed donations to Keldholm Priory, Yorkshire, including those made by “Roberti de Stutevill, et concessione Willielmi de Stutevill hæredis sui[824].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Stoteville cviii s iv d" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][825].  "Roberto de Stutevilla, Willelmo de Stutevilla" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property "in manerio de Hinton" of "Roberto de Basoges" granted to him by "comes Conanus"[826].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Stoteville viii l, de novo ii s vi d" in Yorkshire in [1171/72][827].  "…Roberto de Stut[evilla]…" subscribed the charter dated [1172/78] under which Henry II King of England granted concessions to the lepers at Mont-aux-Malades[828].  King Henry II confirmed “manerium de Leestune...et Uptonam...et [revenue from] terra de Selfleta” to “Ranulfo de Glamvilla” by undated charter, witnessed by “Ricardo de Luci, Hugone de Cressi, Roberto de Stutevill, Rogero de Stutevill, Willielmo de Stutevill[829]

m HELWISE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona", for the souls of "Roberti de Stutevilla avi mei et Roberti patris mei et Erneburgæ matris meæ et Helewisæ uxoris meæ"[830]

Robert [III] & his wife had [nine] children: 

1.         [ROGER d’Estouteville .  King Henry II confirmed “manerium de Leestune...et Uptonam...et [revenue from] terra de Selfleta” to “Ranulfo de Glamvilla” by undated charter, witnessed by “Ricardo de Luci, Hugone de Cressi, Roberto de Stutevill, Rogero de Stutevill, Willielmo de Stutevill[831].  No indication has been found of the identity of Roger d’Estouteville.  If, in line with one possibility which is indicated below, the witness William de Stuteville was the son of Robert [III], Roger could have been an otherwise unrecorded older son.  The altenative possibility is that he was an otherwise unrecorded brother of Robert [III].] 

2.         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-after [1190/91]).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[832].  "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona", with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et aliorum filiorum meorum", by undated charter witnessed by "…Johanne de Stutevilla, Nicholao de Stutevilla, Rogero de Stutevilla, Bartholomæo de Stutevilla…"[833].  [King Henry II confirmed “manerium de Leestune...et Uptonam...et [revenue from] terra de Selfleta” to “Ranulfo de Glamvilla” by undated charter, witnessed by “Ricardo de Luci, Hugone de Cressi, Roberto de Stutevill, Rogero de Stutevill, Willielmo de Stutevill[834].  The witness William de Stuteville could have been the same William who is named in [1172].  Alternatively, he could have been Robert [III] de Stuteville’s son.]  The 1190/91 Pipe Roll records "William de Stuteville (Reginald de Basset for him) renders his account; in lands granted to the K. of Scotland 100s for half a year"[835].  A charter of King John dated 3 Feb 1200 confirmed donations to Keldholm Priory, Yorkshire, including those made by “Roberti de Stutevill, et concessione Willielmi de Stutevill hæredis sui[836]

3.         NICHOLAS de Stuteville (-after 1176).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[837]

-        see below

4.         OSMUND de Stuteville (-Jaffa [1192]).  Domesday Descendants names Osmund as son of Robert [III] de Stuteville[838].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Osmundus de Stuteville" held two parts of one knight’s fee from "Robertus de Stuteville" in Yorkshire[839].  “Osmundus de Stutevile…homines mei de honore de Gressinghale” confirmed donations to the church of “sanctæ Mariæ de Acra”, with the consent of “Ysabel uxoris meæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Rogero fratre dominæ…[840]m as her second husband, ISABEL, widow of BERENGER de Creissi, daughter of ROGER FitzWilliam of Gressinghall, Norfolk & his wife Aline ---.  “Osmundus de Stutevile…homines mei de honore de Gressinghale” confirmed donations to the church of “sanctæ Mariæ de Acra”, with the consent of “Ysabel uxoris meæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Rogero fratre dominæ…[841].  Domesday Descendants records her parentage and three marriages[842].  She married secondly ([1192/94]) William FitzRoger of Huntingfield.  “Ysabella de Gressingehale” donated property to the church of “sanctæ Mariæ de Acra”, with the consent of “Willielmi de Hunteinfeld domini mei”, by undated charter[843].  Osmund & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Stuteville .  Domesday Descendants records his parentage[844].  "Willelmus de Estutevilla" donated "ecclesiam de Atuna in Clifland" to Whitby by undated charter, dated to [1180/96][845]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM de Stuteville of Gressenhall, Elsing, East Lexham, Weasenham and Cowesby, Norfolk (-before 20 May 1259).  "William de Stuteville" paid a fine to marry "Margaret who was the wife of Robert de Mortimer", dated to [Nov] 1219[846].  Inquisitions dated 20 May 1259 record that "William de Scoteville" held the manors of Wychbold and Cotheridge in Worcestershire from "Margery his wife" and name "Sir Hugh de Mortuo Mari son of the said Margery" as her next heir and of full age[847]m (Royal licence 23 Nov 1219) as her third husband, MARGERY de Say, widow firstly of HUGH de Ferrers of Lechlade and secondly of ROBERT de Mortimer, daughter of HUGH [II] de Say of Richard's Castle & his wife Mabel --- ([1190/96]-1230).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166 (but added later), record that "Robertus de Mortuo mari" held 23 knights’ fees "in honore Castelli Ricardi" with "filia Hugonis de Say hærede Osberti filii Hugonis" in Herefordshire[848].  Henry III King of England consented to the marriage of "Margaretam que fuit uxor Roberti de Mortuo Mari" and "Willelmus de Stutevill" dated 23 Nov 1219[849].  "William de Stuteville" paid a fine to marry "Margaret who was the wife of Robert de Mortimer", dated to [Nov] 1219[850].  The Annals of Worcester record the death in 1230 of “Margerie de Say[851].  Inquisitions dated 20 May 1259 record that "William de Scoteville" held the manors of Wychbold and Cotheridge in Worcestershire from "Margery his wife" and name "Sir Hugh de Mortuo Mari son of the said Margery" as her next heir and of full age[852].  William & his wife had two children: 

(a)       ROBERT de Stuteville (-before 1275).  By writ of certiorari dated 20 Aug "3 Edw I", following the death of "Robert de Stutevill", "Jordan Folyot" complained that the escheator had ejected him from the lands of “the said Robert his uncle deceased whose heir he is[853]

(b)       MARGERY de Stuteville .  Her parentage and marriage are shown in the Complete Peerage[854]m RICHARD [V] Foliot of Norton, Fenton, Grimston and Wello, Nottinghamshire, son of JORDAN [III] Foliot & his wife --- (-Mar 1299). 

5.         EUSTACE de Stuteville .  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[855].  "Eustachio de Stuteville, Willelmo de Stuteville, Ansel de Stuteville…" subscribed the charter dated to [1177/89] under which Henry II King of England donated the forest of Lillebonne to the abbey of Valmont, for the soul of "Roberti de Stuteville"[856]

6.         ANSELM de Stuteville (-after 1177).  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Valmont, including donations by "Roberti de Stuteville…Leonie uxoris predicti Roberti…Willelmi de Stuteville…Nicolai de Stuteville…Ricardi de Stuteville", by charter dated to [1177/89], signed by "…Willelmo de Stutevilla…Anselmo de Stutevilla"[857].  "Eustachio de Stuteville, Willelmo de Stuteville, Ansel de Stuteville…" subscribed the charter dated to [1177/89] under which Henry II King of England donated the forest of Lillebonne to the abbey of Valmont, for the soul of "Roberti de Stuteville"[858]

7.         ROBERT de Stuteville .  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[859]

8.         BURGA de Stuteville (-after 1185, bur Alnwick Abbey).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Burga sorore Willielmi de Stotevill” as wife of “Willielmum”, son of “Eustachius filius Johannis”, adding that her dowry was “villam de Langetone[860].  “Burge uxor domini Willielmi de Vesci” donated property “ecclesiam de Langatune…de maritagio meo” to Malton priory, for the souls of “domini mei Willielmi de Vesci et Eustachii filii nostri”, by undated charter[861].  A charter of King John dated 3 Feb 1200 confirmed donations to Keldholm Priory, Yorkshire, including those made by “Willielmi de Vesci, concessu Burgiæ uxoris suæ[862]m (before [1169/71]) WILLIAM de Vescy, son of EUSTACE FitzJohn & his first wife Beatrice de Vescy (-before Nov 1183, bur Alnwick Abbey). 

9.         HELWISE de Stuteville (-after [1226/28]).  Domesday Descendants names Helwise as the younger daughter of Robert [III] de Stuteville[863].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” married ”Helewisiam[864].  A charter of King Henry II records that “Willielmum secundum” married “Helewisam de Stuteville” by whom he was father of “Helewisam” who married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi[865].  "Hug de Morevill et Helew uxor eius" paid a fine relating to "dote ipsi Helewis" in Westmoreland, dated 1200[866].  The co-identity of the widow of William [II] de Lancaster with the wife of Hugh de Morville is confirmed by the following charter: Hugo de Morwile”, with the consent of “sponsæ meæ Helewisæ”, confirmed “totam Fortonam” [referring to the same land granted by the first charter], to [his son] “Henrico de Lancastre” which “pater eius Warinus” had received from “Willelmi de Lancastre awnculi sui”, by undated charter[867]"William Briewere and Helewisa de Stuteville, defendant" reached agreement "regarding the admeasurements of her dower from Hugh de Moreville her late husband" relating to “the manor of Chircoswarde and the manor of Lesingebi...the manor of Hisale”, dated to [1204][868].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Helewisa de Stutevill" holding land[869].  m firstly WILLIAM [II] de Lancaster, son of WILLIAM [I] de Lancaster & his [second] wife Gundred de Warenne ([1154/56]-1184, bur Furness Abbey).  m secondly HUGH de Morville, son of --- (-1201). 

 

 

The connection between the following individuals and the main Estouteville/Stuteville family has not yet been ascertained: 

 

1.         BARTHOLOMEW de Stuteville (-after 1200).  "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona" by undated charter witnessed by "…Johanne de Stutevilla, Nicholao de Stutevilla, Rogero de Stutevilla, Bartholomæo de Stutevilla…"[870]"Nicholaus de Stutevilla" donated land "in Dregg" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "Bartholomeo de Stutevilla…"[871]"Barth de Stutevill" paid a fine to summon "Amabl fil Willi Medici" for land "in Creshopp" in Cumberland, dated 1200[872]

 

2.         GEOFFREY de Stuteville .  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land in “insulam de Wreth” by “Gosfridus de Stutavilla[873]

 

3.         RALPH de Stuteville (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Radulfus de Stutaville" held half of one knight’s fee from "Willelmi de Traci" in Devon[874]

 

 

NICHOLAS [I] de Stuteville, son of ROBERT de Stuteville & his wife Helwise --- (-after 1176).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[875].  "Gaufridus Ridel" confirmed a grant of property to "Johanni de Stutuilla" in his fee by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "…R. filius Nicolai de Stutavilla, Thomas frater suus…R. de Stutuilla, Nicolaus de Stutuilla"[876].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Nicholao de Stutevill…in hundredo de Norton" in Dorset and Somerset[877].  “Nicholaus de Stutevilla” donated property to Keldholm priory, Yorkshire by undated charter[878]

m ---.  The name of Nicholas’s wife is not known. 

Nicholas & his wife had three children: 

1.         ROBERT de Stuteville (-before 1185, bur Meaux).  The 1173/74 Pipe Roll records "Robert de Stutevill" in Yorkshire[879].  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Robertum…et Nicholaum" as the two sons of "Nicholaus", adding that Robert was buried "apud nos"[880].  [m firstly ---.  This first marriage is indicated because the Rotuli de Dominabus record Robert’s widow with only one son, although two of Robert’s sons are named in other records.  The other son was probably therefore born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage.]  m [secondly] ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Roberti de Stuteville…de parentela Edwardi de Salisburia ex parte patris et ex parte matris…de progenie Rogeri de Reimes”, her land “villam…Diham”, and adding that she has "i filium et ii filias"[881].  Robert & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         EUSTACE de Stuteville .  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Eustachius" as the son of "Robertus", adding that he donated "unum clausum apud Hilbank" and died childless[882]

Robert & his [second] wife had three children: 

b)         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-after 1204).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Ricardus de Reymes" paying "c s", but "calumpniabatur quod Willelmus filius Roberti de Stuteville habet in dominico dimidium militem in Dedham", in Essex, Hertfordshire[883].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus de Estuteville" among those granted delayed payment "per brevia" in Lincolnshire and in Yorkshire[884].  He remained in Normandy after its capture by the French king in 1204. 

c)         two daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Roberti de Stuteville…de parentela Edwardi de Salisburia ex parte patris et ex parte matris…de progenie Rogeri de Reimes”, her land “villam…Diham”, and adding that she has "i filium et ii filias"[885]

2.         NICHOLAS [II] de Stuteville (-after 1205)The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Robertum…et Nicholaum" as the two sons of "Nicholaus"[886]

-        see below

3.         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-1202).  "Roberto de Stutevilla, Willelmo de Stutevilla" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property "in manerio de Hinton" of "Roberto de Basoges" granted to him by "comes Conanus"[887].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus de Stoteville" paying "iv l pro se, et c s pro militibus Nigelli de Munbray quos habet in custodia" in Yorkshire[888].  Matthew Paris records the death in 1202 of "vir nobilis Willelmus de Stutevilla"[889].  "Nichol de Stutevill" paid a fine for "terris q fuerunt Willi de Stutevill fratris sui…exceptis castello de Knareburg et Ponte Burgi q in manu dñi R" in Yorkshire, dated 1205[890]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Stuteville .  King John confirmed "Rob de Stutevill filio et heredi Willi de Stutevill" in all assets held by "pater suus…die que obiit" by charter dated 9 Jul 1204[891].  King John granted "custodia Rob filii et heredis Willi de Stutevill" to "H. Cant archiepiscopo" by charter dated 9 Jul 1204[892], showing that Robert was still a minor when his father died. 

 

 

1.         HENRY de Stuteville .  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus de Stoteville, xv l de feodo quod est inter ipsum et Hubertum filium Radulfi" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire in [1186/87][893]Lord of Eckington co Derby, Seigneur de Valmont et de Rames.  His parentage has not yet been identified.  m (after Jul [1190/91]) as her third husband, MATHILDE, widow firstly of OSBERT de Préaux and secondly of HENRI [II] Comte d'Eu Lord of Hastings, daughter of [HAMELIN d'Anjou Earl of Surrey & his first wife ---] (-before 13 Dec 1228).  Her first and second marriages are indicated by the charter dated Mar 1233 under which [her daughter by her second marriage] "Ælicia comitissa Augi in viduitate" granted revenue from "molendino de Duno" to “in matrimonium Ælidæ filiæ Petri de Pratellis fratris mei[894].  Her connection with the Warenne family is indicated by the undated charter under which her daughter “Haelisia comitissa Augy quondam uxor Radulfi de Ysondun comitis Augy” donated property to Roche Abbey, witnessed by “domino Willielmo comite Warennæ avunculo meo…[895].  Because Mathilde had three children by her first husband who died in [1172], she could not have been the daughter of Hamelin by his wife Isabelle de Warenne.  There are therefore two possibilities: either she was Hamelin’s daughter by an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage or she was the daughter of Isabelle de Warenne by her first marriage.  The latter possibility is unlikely as any daughter of Guillaume de Blois Comte de Boulogne would have been Ctss de Boulogne instead of Guillaume’s sister.  In any case, the chronology would be tight for Mathilde to have been Isabelle’s daughter.  Until more information comes to light, it is supposed that Mathilde was the daughter of Hamelin by an earlier marriage.  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that "Osbert de Préaux" donated tithes from harvest in the parish of Bois l’Evêque to the monks of Holy Trinity of Mont-de-Rouen, for his own soul “those of his parents and of the parents of his wife Matildis”, undated, and that his wife and “their sons Simon and John” granted the the to the monks in perpetuity, but he does not cite the source reference[896]The primary source which confirms her third marriage has not yet been identified.  The wording of the charter of her son Pierre, dated to [Jun 1200], suggests that his mother might have died before that date: “Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni[897].  If this charter is correctly dated, at least two of the donor’s brothers were alive at that time, while his father was certainly deceased.  The question then is determining the significance, if any, between his parents not being named in the document while his brothers are named.  One possibility is that the unnamed individuals (and therefore including the donor’s mother) were deceased, but the named brothers were living.  It should be emphasised that this observation is speculative. 

 

 

NICHOLAS [II] de Stuteville, son of NICHOLAS [I] de Stuteville & his wife --- (-after 1205).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Robertum…et Nicholaum" as the two sons of "Nicholaus"[898].  "Nichol de Stutevill" paid a fine for "terris q fuerunt Willi de Stutevill fratris sui…exceptis castello de Knareburg et Ponte Burgi q in manu dñi R" in Yorkshire, dated 1205[899]

m IDA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by a claim dated 1219, recorded by Bracton, made by her son "Nicholaus de Stuteuilla" against "abbatem de Walemund" concerning "ecclesiam de Kyneburle" donated by "Nicholai de Stiteuilla patris ipsius Nicholai et Eidm uxoris eius"[900]

Nicholas [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         NICHOLAS [III] de Stuteville (-after 1219)A charter of King Henry III confirmed donations to Rosedale Nunnery, Yorkshire by “Nicholaus de Stutevill…Roberti de Stutevill filii ipsius Nicholai[901].  "Gillebertus de Gant" confirmed the donation of land at Barton on Humber to Rufford monastery, Nottinghamshire, for the souls of "patris mei Roberti de Gant et matris mee Gunwar de Gant", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Nicolao de Stuteville…"[902].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Nicholaus de Stuteville" holding six knights’ fees "de Cotingham" in Yorkshire, and property in Cumberland, in [1210/12][903].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Nicholaus de Stutevill" held land in Cumberland which "comes Ranulfus Cestrie" had granted to "Turgisio Brundos, antecessori predicti Nicholai"[904].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Nicholaus de Stuteuilla" against "abbatem de Walemund" concerning "ecclesiam de Kyneburle" donated by "Nicholai de Stiteuilla patris ipsius Nicholai et Eidm uxoris eius"[905]m (after 1191) as her second husband, GUNNORA de Albini Brito, widow of ROBERT de Gand, daughter of RALPH de Albini Brito & his wife Sibylla de Valoignes.  Domesday Descendants names Gunnora, wife first of Robert de Gant and secondly of Nicholas de Stuteville, as the youngest of the three daughters of Ralph de Albini Brito and his wife[906].  Nicholas [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         NICHOLAS [IV] Stuteville of Brincklow (-Priory of St Andrew [8 Sep/18 Oct] 1233).  The Close Rolls dated [1209] name "Nicholao de Stuteville" as "nepoti Hug de Gurnai" and names "Nicholaus pater eius"[907].  "Nicholas de Stuteville" paid a fine for his ransom, "Robert de Stuteville and Walter of Sowerby have mainpermed for this fine", dated to [1217/18][908].  Henry III King of England issued an order relating to property of "S. comitem Wintonie…Rogerum de Quenci filium et heredem ipsius comitis" at "Lidel", which "Nicholaus de Stutevill" had assigned to "Eustachio filio Roberti de Stutevill fratris sui" and which after his death was given to "predicto S. comiti Wintonie", dated [Jul] 1220[909]m DEVORGUILLA of Galloway, daughter of ROLAND Lord of Galloway & his wife Helen de Morville (-after 1241).  King Henry III commanded "B. de Insula...to receive from Devorguil widow of Nicholas de Stuteville, Margaret his younger daughter, and deliver her to William de Mastac to whom the K. has given her marriage”, dated 20 Nov 1233[910].  Nicholas [IV] & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOAN de Stuteville (-before 6 Apr 1276).  King Henry III pardoned "Hugoni Wac" for marrying "filiam Nicholai de Stutevill" without royal licence, dated 1229[911].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234/35, by "Eustachius de Estutevilla", claiming that "Nicholaus de Estutevilla avunculus suus" relinquished "manerio de Cotingeham", while "Hugo Wack et Willelmus de Mastak" claimed seisin of the manor through "uxorum suarum filiarum heredum predicti Nicholai"[912].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Leicester, dated 1247, which include "De terris Normannorum, dicunt quod Hugo le Bigod tenet Wyrithele nomine Johanne uxoris sue que fuit uxor Hugonis Wake..."[913].  The Chronicle of Lanercost records in 1255 a dispute involving "Hugonem de Bigod, fratrem Rogeri comitis Marescalli, pro uxore sua filia et herede dominorum  de Stuteville"[914].  A writ dated 6 Apr "4 Edw I", after the death of "Joan de Stutevill" names "Sir Baldwin de Wake her son is her next heir and of full age", and also refers to events "after the death of Hugh le Bigot sometime her husband"[915]m firstly (before 29 May 1229) HUGH Wake, son of BALDWIN Wake & his wife Isabel Briwere (-on crusade before 18 Dec 1241).  m secondly HUGH Bigod Chief Justiciar of England, son of HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Maud Marshal of Pembroke (-before 7 May 1266). 

ii)         MARGARET de Stuteville (-before 13 Nov 1235).  King Henry III commanded "B. de Insula...to receive from Devorguil widow of Nicholas de Stuteville, Margaret his younger daughter, and deliver her to William de Mastac to whom the K. has given her marriage”, dated 20 Nov 1233[916].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234/35, by "Eustachius de Estutevilla", claiming that "Nicholaus de Estutevilla avunculus suus" relinquished "manerio de Cotingeham", while "Hugo Wack et Willelmus de Mastak" claimed seisin of the manor through "uxorum suarum filiarum heredum predicti Nicholai"[917]m WILLIAM de Mastac, son of ---. 

b)         ROBERT de Stuteville (after 1193-[1212/22 Jun 1213]).  His parentage is confirmed by the claim made by "Sibilla de Valoinn" against [his father] “Nicolas de Stuteville” her “terce of the honour of Lidel in Cumberland and of the whole honour of Russedale [and other named properties]...as the dower wherein her late husband Robert endowed her by grant and will of the said Nicholas his father”, dated 22 Jun 1213[918].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus filius Nicholai de Suteville" holding one knight’s fee "de Mideltone" in Yorkshire, and "Robertus de Stuteville" holding property in Cumberland, in [1210/12][919].  A charter of King Henry III confirmed donations to Rosedale Nunnery, Yorkshire by “Nicholaus de Stutevill…Roberti de Stutevill filii ipsius Nicholai[920].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Robertus de Stutevill" held "villam de Thorpennoi de domino rege" in Cumberland which was "de baronia Alicie de Rumill" and that "Reginaldus de Lucy" had held the land "cum sorore predicte Alicie" and refused homage to "Philippi de Valoines, antecessoris predicti Roberti et uxoris sue"[921].  m SIBYLLA de Valoignes, daughter of PHILIP de Valoignes & his wife --- (-after 22 Jun 1213).  “Philippus de Valoniis” granted “villam de Torpenhon in maritagium” to “Roberto de Stutevill et Sibille filie mee” by undated charter[922].  "Sibilla de Valoinn" claimed from “Nicolas de Stuteville” her “terce of the honour of Lidel in Cumberland and of the whole honour of Russedale [and other named properties]...as the dower wherein her late husband Robert endowed her by grant and will of the said Nicholas his father”, dated 22 Jun 1213[923].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          EUSTACE de Stuteville ([1212/13]-1241).  Henry III King of England issued an order relating to property of "S. comitem Wintonie…Rogerum de Quenci filium et heredem ipsius comitis" at "Lidel", which "Nicholaus de Stutevill" had assigned to "Eustachio filio Roberti de Stutevill fratris sui" and which after his death would be given to "predicto S. comiti Wintonie", dated [Jul] 1220[924].  A charter of King Henry III confirmed donations to Rosedale Nunnery, Yorkshire by “Eustachius de Stutevilla filius Roberti de Stutavilla[925].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234/35, by "Eustachius de Estutevilla", claiming that "Nicholaus de Estutevilla avunculus suus" relinquished "manerio de Cotingeham", while "Hugo Wack et Willelmus de Mastak" claimed seisin of the manor through "uxorum suarum filiarum heredum predicti Nicholai"[926].  Matthew Paris names "…Eustachius de Stutewilla, cui successit in hæreditatem uxor Hugonis Wac…" among those who died in 1241[927]

 

 

1.         ALICE (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Alicia de Stuteville" holding land in Northumberland[928].  

 

2.         ROBERT de Stuteville (-after [1217/18]).  "Nicholas de Stuteville" paid a fine for his ransom, "Robert de Stuteville and Walter of Sowerby have mainpermed for this fine", dated to [1217/18][929]

 

3.         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-1245).  Matthew of Paris names "Willelmi de Stuteville, Nicholai de Stuteville, Eustachii de Stuteville" among those who died in 1245[930]

 

4.         NICHOLAS [V] de Stuteville (-1245).  Matthew of Paris names "Willelmi de Stuteville, Nicholai de Stuteville, Eustachii de Stuteville" among those who died in 1245[931]

 

5.         EUSTACE de Stuteville (-1245).  Matthew of Paris names "Willelmi de Stuteville, Nicholai de Stuteville, Eustachii de Stuteville" among those who died in 1245[932]

 

6.         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-after Jul 1273).  m --- (-after Jul 1273).  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Stuteville of Cressenhall .  “Robertus filius Willielmi de Stutevill, de Cressenhall” donated property to Wendling, for the souls of “meæ et Joannæ uxoris meæ, patris mei, matris meæ”, by charter dated “VI Id Jul” 1273[933]m JOAN, daughter of ---.  “Robertus filius Willielmi de Stutevill, de Cressenhall” donated property to Wendling, for the souls of “meæ et Joannæ uxoris meæ, patris mei, matris meæ”, by charter dated “VI Id Jul” 1273[934]

 

 

 



[1] Loyd (1951), p. 76. 

[2] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, pp. 427-8. 

[3] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 428. 

[4] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber IV, p. 220. 

[5] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, pp. 427-8. 

[6] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 431. 

[7] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 432. 

[8] Domesday Translation, Shropshire, III, pp. 703-5. 

[9] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 433. 

[10] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[11] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 433. 

[12] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[13] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[14] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 429. 

[15] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[16] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[17] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[18] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[19] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[20] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[21] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Bedfordshire, p. 104. 

[22] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 161. 

[23] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 163, quoting Haughmond Chartulary, Tit. Cutteston juxta Hales. 

[24] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[25] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[26] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[27] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[28] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 429. 

[29] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 431. 

[30] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 161. 

[31] Eyton ‘The Staffordshire Chartulary` (1881), Series II, no. IV, p. 204. 

[32] Dugdale Monasticon V, Combermere Abbey, Cheshire, III, p. 324. 

[33] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 163, quoting Haughmond Chartulary, Tit. Cutteston juxta Hales. 

[34] Pipe Roll 22 Hen II (1175/76), p. 112. 

[35] Erdeswick, p. 493 footnote b. 

[36] Eyton (1858), Vol. VI, p. 364, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 297. 

[37] Owen & Blakeway (1825) Vol. II, p. 418. 

[38] Eyton ‘The Staffordshire Chartulary` (1881), Vol. II, Series II, no. XXIX, p. 270. 

[39] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, pp. 164-6. 

[40] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 18, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 291. 

[41] Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 362. 

[42] Eyton (1858), Vol. VI, p. 364, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 297. 

[43] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 18, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 291. 

[44] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 18, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 291. 

[45] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 5 John, p. 35. 

[46] Owen & Blakeway (1825), Vol. II, p. 418. 

[47] Owen & Blakeway (1825), Vol. II, p. 418. 

[48] Chester St. Werburgh, Part II, 540, p. 309. 

[49] Chester St. Werburgh, Part II, 528, p. 302. 

[50] Dugdale Monasticon V, Combermere Abbey, Cheshire, III, p. 324. 

[51] Erdeswick, p. 493 footnote b. 

[52] Erdeswick, p. 493 footnote b. 

[53] Domesday Descendants, p. 1059. 

[54] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, II, p. 662. 

[55] Domesday Descendants, p. 1059. 

[56] Erdeswick, p. 493 footnote b. 

[57] Domesday Descendants, p. 1059. 

[58] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire, III, p. 222. 

[59] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[60] Domesday Descendants, p. 1059. 

[61] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire, III, p. 222. 

[62] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[63] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[64] Domesday Descendants, p. 482, citing Curia Regis Rolls, Vol. II, p. 347. 

[65] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 15 John, p. 500. 

[66] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire, IV, p. 222. 

[67] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 15 John, p. 511. 

[68] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1580, p. 458. 

[69] CP XI 296 footnote b. 

[70] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[71] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[72] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[73] Ellis ‘Landholders of Gloucestershire’ (1879-80), Vol. IV, p. 148. 

[74] Extrait de la Chronique de Normandie, RHGF XIII, p. 237. 

[75] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, I, p. 259. 

[76] Ellis ‘Landholders of Gloucestershire’, p. 150. 

[77] Domesday Descendants, p. 1057. 

[78] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[79] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[80] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[81] Red Book of the Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 627. 

[82] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[83] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. I, p. cxxi. 

[84] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[85] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 491 and 517. 

[86] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. I, p. cxxi. 

[87] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[88] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCII, p. 204. 

[89] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[90] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[91] Ellis ‘Landholders of Gloucestershire’, p. 150. 

[92] Domesday Descendants, p. 1055. 

[93] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Staffordshire, p. 73. 

[94] Ellis ‘Landholders of Gloucestershire’, p. 148. 

[95] Extrait de la Chronique de Normandie, RHGF XIII, p. 237. 

[96] Domesday Translation, Somerset, XXVII, p. 267, Yorkshire, XVII, pp. 840-1. 

[97] CP VIII 284. 

[98] CP X 319. 

[99] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[100] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1913), Vol. I, 477, p. 115. 

[101] CP VIII 284, footnote d. 

[102] CP VIII 284, footnote d. 

[103] CP VIII 284, footnote d. 

[104] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Yorkshire, Northumberland, p. 29. 

[105] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Drax Priory, Yorkshire, I, p. 195. 

[106] Actes Henri II, Tome I, III, p. 7. 

[107] Domesday Descendants, p. 674. 

[108] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire V, p. 878.   

[109] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. III, 1864, p. 473. 

[110] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 433. 

[111] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire V, p. 878.   

[112] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. III,  1864, p. 473. 

[113] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1214, p. 488. 

[114] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. III,  1768, p. 391. 

[115] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Drax Priory, Yorkshire, V, p. 196. 

[116] Dugdale Monasticon V, Vaudey Abbey, Lincolnshire III, p. 490.   

[117] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Yorkshire, Northumberland, p. 29. 

[118] CP VIII 284. 

[119] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 119, p. 44. 

[120] Domesday Descendants, pp. 985 and 1057. 

[121] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 119, p. 44. 

[122] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 97, p. 86. 

[123] CP VIII 284. 

[124] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. II, 1018, p. 341. 

[125] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. II, 1019, p. 342. 

[126] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. II, 1022, p. 344. 

[127] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 29. 

[128] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 53. 

[129] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 77. 

[130] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 87. 

[131] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 97, p. 86. 

[132] Domesday Descendants, p. 1058. 

[133] Domesday Descendants, p. 1058. 

[134] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/9, 2 Hen III, 72, translation available at Henry III Fine Rolls Project

[135] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 248. 

[136] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 249. 

[137] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 97, p. 86. 

[138] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 248. 

[139] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 6 John, p. 247. 

[140] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 6 John, p. 247. 

[141] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Yorkshire, p. 150. 

[142] Ellis ‘Landholders of Gloucestershire’, p. 150. 

[143] Domesday Descendants, p. 1055. 

[144] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Staffordshire, p. 73. 

[145] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[146] Domesday Descendants, p. 1055, citing Sanders, I. J. (1960) English Baronies: A Study of their Origins and Descent 1086-1327 (Oxford), p. 113 (not yet consulted). 

[147] Ellis ‘Landholders of Gloucestershire’, p. 150. 

[148] Grazebrook ‘The Barons of Dudley` (1888), p. 8. 

[149] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 26, p. 43. 

[150] Actes Henri II, Tome I, III, p. 7. 

[151] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[152] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dudley Priory, II, p. 83. 

[153] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 269. 

[154] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 42. 

[155] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 639. 

[156] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[157] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 71. 

[158] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[159] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, pp. 84 and 90. 

[160] Robert de Torigny, Tome I, 1153, p. 274. 

[161] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[162] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dudley Priory, II, p. 83. 

[163] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[164] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dudley Priory, II, p. 83. 

[165] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[166] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, VI, p. 204. 

[167] Berkeleys Lives, Vol. I, p. 46. 

[168] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, V, p. 204. 

[169] CP XII.1 111, footnote e quoting Dugdale Warwickshire, p. 608, P.R.O. Assize Roll 1174. 

[170] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Gysburn Priory, Yorkshire, IV, Nomina Antecessorum de Carleton de Familia de Brus, p. 268. 

[171] Dugdale Monasticon III, Middlesburgh Priory, Yorkshire, III, p. 632.   

[172] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Gysburn Priory, Yorkshire, I, p. 267. 

[173] Pipe Roll 2 Hen II (1155), "Everwichscira", p. 27. 

[174] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. II, 673, p. 30. 

[175] Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Vol. IV (1837), Ex Calendario…Prioratui de Gisburna, p. 262. 

[176] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[177] Domesday Descendants, p. 1058. 

[178] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 4. 

[179] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[180] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[181] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 4. 

[182] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 17. 

[183] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[184] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[185] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[186] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[187] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, VII, p. 204. 

[188] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 796, p. 611. 

[189] Inquisitions post mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 139, p. 33. 

[190] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/27, 12 Hen III, 92. 

[191] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 24. 

[192] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 36. 

[193] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 401. 

[194] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 139, p. 33. 

[195] CP V 442 footnote c. 

[196] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 17. 

[197] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 17. 

[198] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 24. 

[199] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 36. 

[200] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 139, p. 33. 

[201] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[202] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[203] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[204] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCLVII, p. 408. 

[205] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCLVII, p. 408. 

[206] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus V, Norffolk, p. 26, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[207] Bridlington Priory, p. 12. 

[208] Bridlington Priory, p. 25. 

[209] Bridlington Priory, p. 12. 

[210] Bridlington Priory, p. 213. 

[211] Bridlington Priory, p. 12. 

[212] Bridlington Priory, p. 213. 

[213] Bridlington Priory, p. 25. 

[214] Bridlington Priory, p. 25. 

[215] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Ellesham Priory, Lincolnshire, II, p. 559. 

[216] Giraldi Cambrensis Opera, Vol. VII, Appendix B, Lincoln Cathedral Obituary, p. 162. 

[217] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 84. 

[218] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 580. 

[219] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 580. 

[220] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 118. 

[221] Charter Rolls Henry III 1226-1257, p. 57. 

[222] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 118. 

[223] Charter Rolls Henry III 1226-1257, p. 57. 

[224] Fine Rolls, 9 Hen III, p. 129. 

[225] Domesday Translation, Oxfordshire, XXXI, p. 436, Essex, XXXIIII, pp. 1023-7. 

[226] Dugdale Monasticon III, Hatfield Peverell Priory, p. 294.   

[227] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 104. 

[228] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber IV, IV, p. 184. 

[229] Domesday Translation, Buckinghamshire, XVI, p. 407, Northamptonshire, XXX, pp. 610-2, Derbyshire, VII, pp. 749-50, Nottinghamshire, IX, pp. 770-73. 

[230] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[231] Dugdale Monasticon VI.3, Lincoln Cathedral, IV, p. 1271.   

[232] Cluny, Tome V, 3813, p. 162. 

[233] Dugdale Monasticon V, Pontefract Priory, Yorkshire, I, p. 120. 

[234] CP I Appendix I, p. 761 footnote c, quoting Cartulary of the Priory of St James at Northampton, Cotton MSS, Tiber. E f. 1 v. 

[235] Cluny Tome V, 3813, p. 162. 

[236] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 142. 

[237] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, p. 12. 

[238] CP I Appendix I, p. 761 footnote c, quoting Cartulary of the Priory of St James at Northampton, Cotton MSS, Tiber. E f. 1 v. 

[239] Loders (Dorset), V, p. 18. 

[240] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Montebourg

[241] Round (1899) 878, p. 314. 

[242] CP I Appendix I, p. 761 footnote c, quoting Cartulary of the Priory of St James at Northampton, Cotton MSS, Tiber. E f. 1 v. 

[243] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Northamptonshire, p. 86. 

[244] Cluny, Tome V, 3813, p. 162. 

[245] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 142. 

[246] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, pp. 7-9. 

[247] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. V, Lenton Priory, III, p. 113. 

[248] Ex Radulfi de Diceto imaginibus historiarum, RHGF XIII, p. 185. 

[249] Pipe Roll, 3 Hen II (1156), Nottinghamshire, p. 91, and 4 Hen II (1157), Nottinghamshire, p. 153. 

[250] CP I Appendix I, p. 765. 

[251] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. V, Lenton Priory, III, p. 113. 

[252] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Derley Priory, Derbyshire, XIX, p. 361. 

[253] CP I Appendix I, p. 762. 

[254] Domesday Descendants, p. 603. 

[255] Domesday Descendants, p. 603. 

[256] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 195, p. 28. 

[257] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. V, Lenton Priory, III, p. 113. 

[258] CP I Appendix I, p. 767, quoting MSS of the Earl of Essex, Hist. MSS Comm., Varous collections, vol. VII, p. 310. 

[259] CP I Appendix I, p. 765, quoting Duchy of Lancaster, Royal Charters, no. 49. 

[260] Cluny, Tome V, 3813, p. 162. 

[261] Dugdale Monasticon II, Bath Cathedral, IX, p. 266.   

[262] Bridlington Priory, p. 365. 

[263] Bridlington Priory, p. 365. 

[264] Bridlington Priory, p. 365. 

[265] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, LXXXIX, p. 331. 

[266] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CCV, p. 360. 

[267] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Staffordshire, p. 76. 

[268] Dugdale Monasticon III, Shrewsbury Abbey, XIII, p. 522. 

[269] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 353, quoting Wombridge Chartulary, Tit. Wellinton, no.V. 

[270] Dugdale Monasticon II, Thorney Monastery, Cambridgeshire, VIII, p. 601. 

[271] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 104. 

[272] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 353, quoting Wombridge Chartulary, Tit. Wellinton, no.V. 

[273] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 107, footnote 8 continued from p. 106. 

[274] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 363. 

[275] Dugdale Monasticon II, Thorney Monastery, Cambridgeshire, VIII, p. 601.  

[276] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 8, p. 41. 

[277] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, I, Historia Fundationis et Fundatorum eiusdem Cœnobii, p. 86. 

[278] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CCV, p. 360. 

[279] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 20, p. 47. 

[280] Dugdale Monasticon II, Thorney Monastery, Cambridgeshire, VIII, p. 601.  

[281] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 21, p. 47. 

[282] Dugdale Monasticon II, Thorney Monastery, Cambridgeshire, VIII, p. 601. 

[283] Dugdale Monasticon III, Shrewsbury Abbey, XIII, p. 522. 

[284] Bath St Peter, 43, p. 46. 

[285] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, LXXXIX, p. 331. 

[286] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 65, quoting "original deed, late in possession of Mr. George Morris of Shrewsbury". 

[287] Gesta Stephani Regis, II, p. 111. 

[288] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, p. 86. 

[289] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 21, p. 47. 

[290] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 65, quoting "original deed, late in possession of Mr. George Morris of Shrewsbury". 

[291] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, p. 86. 

[292] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[293] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 65, quoting "original deed, late in possession of Mr. George Morris of Shrewsbury". 

[294] Saint-Bertin (Grand Cartulaire), Tome I, 215, p. 95. 

[295] Eyton (1855), Vol. II, p. 5, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 30. 

[296] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[297] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[298] Red Book of the Exchequer, p. 367, cited in CP X 332, footnote e. 

[299] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 72, quoting Newport Evidences

[300] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[301] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[302] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[303] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 48. 

[304] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 65, quoting "original deed, late in possession of Mr. George Morris of Shrewsbury". 

[305] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 75, quoting "the late Mr. George Morris’s deeds". 

[306] Dugdale Monasticon II, Thorney Monastery, Cambridgeshire, VIII, p. 601.  

[307] Eyton (1860), Vol. XI, p. 35, quoting Chartæ Antiquæ, p. 36, and p. 36 discussing Thurstan’s Engain descendants. 

[308] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CCV, p. 360. 

[309] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Huntingdonshire, p. 49. 

[310] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 68. 

[311] Dugdale Monasticon III, Shrewsbury Abbey, XII, p. 522. 

[312] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, LXXXIX, p. 331. 

[313] Pipe Roll 2 Hen II (1155), Lincolnshire, pp. 45-6. 

[314] Nichols, J. (1804) The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester (London), Vol. III, Part II, Garendon Chartulary, p. 806. 

[315] Nichols (1804), Vol. III, Part II, Garendon Chartulary, p. 806. 

[316] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 206. 

[317] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 469, p. 345. 

[318] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 23. 

[319] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 203. 

[320] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 72. 

[321] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 59. 

[322] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 76. 

[323] Rotuli de Liberate, 3 John, p. 30. 

[324] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1013, p. 53. 

[325] Testa de Nevill, Part 2, Appendix, p. 1419. 

[326] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1013, p. 53. 

[327] Testa de Nevill, Part 2, Appendix, p. 1419. 

[328] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 539. 

[329] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 546. 

[330] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 261. 

[331] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1013, p. 53. 

[332] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/25, 11 Hen III, 380. 

[333] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 51, p. 38. 

[334] Testa de Nevill, Part 2, Appendix, p. 1419. 

[335] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 51, p. 38. 

[336] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CCCXIV, p. 387. 

[337] Domesday Descendants, p. 925. 

[338] Somerset Record Society (1894) Two Cartularies of the Augustinian Priory of Bruton and the Cluniac Priory of Montacute in the county of Somerset (London) ("Montacute"), 144, p. 173. 

[339] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 50. 

[340] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 133. 

[341] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 22. 

[342] Montacute, 144, p. 173. 

[343] Rotuli de Liberate, 4 John, p. 38. 

[344] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 54. 

[345] Montacute, 144, p. 173. 

[346] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 155. 

[347] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/29, 14 Hen III, 258. 

[348] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 170. 

[349] Montacute, 145, p. 173. 

[350] Montacute, 145, p. 173. 

[351] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 88. 

[352] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 133. 

[353] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 25. 

[354] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 133. 

[355] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 25. 

[356] RHGF, Tome XXIII, Scripta de Feodis ad Regem Spectantibus, Appendix I ad Caput XXIV, 442, p. 700. 

[357] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber IV, p. 220. 

[358] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Cambridgeshire, p. 45. 

[359] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 274. 

[360] Registrum Roffense, p. 598. 

[361] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 319. 

[362] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. IX (1888) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 12th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 12 Hen II (1165/66)"), p. 112. 

[363] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Kent, p. 246. 

[364] Victoria County History Cambridge, Vol. 6, p. 159. 

[365] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 46. 

[366] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 58. 

[367] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Kent, p. 249. 

[368] Registrum Roffense, p. 653. 

[369] Registrum Roffense, p. 599. 

[370] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 368. 

[371] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli V, Norfolk, p. 29. 

[372] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 370. 

[373] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 370. 

[374] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 48. 

[375] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 57. 

[376] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 44. 

[377] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, pp. 44 and 45-6. 

[378] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 74. 

[379] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 82. 

[380] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 525. 

[381] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, De serjantiis in diversis comitatibus Angliæ, p. 457. 

[382] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 44.  

[383] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 44. 

[384] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 397. 

[385] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DXCIII, p. 187. 

[386] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 506. 

[387] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DXCIII, p. 187. 

[388] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 506. 

[389] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 517. 

[390] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 578. 

[391] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1026, p. 62. 

[392] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 578. 

[393] CP X 521. 

[394] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 1018. 

[395] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Northamptonshire, p. 81. 

[396] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Northamptonshire, p. 81. 

[397] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 1018. 

[398] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, III, p. 1019. 

[399] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 317. 

[400] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 51. 

[401] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 1018. 

[402] Domesday Descendants, p. 506. 

[403] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 282. 

[404] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 1018. 

[405] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, III, p. 1019. 

[406] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 318. 

[407] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, III, p. 1019. 

[408] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 1018. 

[409] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 1018. 

[410] CP X 521, footnote f, citing B. M. Add. Chr. 22011. 

[411] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 317. 

[412] Domesday Descendants, p. 637. 

[413] Domesday Descendants, p. 637. 

[414] Liber Vitæ Dunelmensis, p. 103. 

[415] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 294. 

[416] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 37. 

[417] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 317. 

[418] Feet of Fines 1182-1196, 122, p. 108. 

[419] Feet of Fines 1182-1196, 122, p. 108. 

[420] Ragg ‘De Lancaster’ (1910), Art. XXI, Charter III, p. 431. 

[421] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, I, p. 1018. 

[422] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, III, p. 1019. 

[423] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, II, p. 1018. 

[424] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 317. 

[425] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 334. 

[426] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, IV, p. 1019. 

[427] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 71. 

[428] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, pp. 90 and 94. 

[429] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 109. 

[430] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Clerkenwell Priory, XXV, p. 85. 

[431] Kirk (1899), Vol. I, 10 Ric I, 60, p. 15. 

[432] Domesday Descendants, p. 636. 

[433] Feet of Fines for Essex, Vol. I, 10 Ric I, 60, p. 15. 

[434] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 500. 

[435] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/16, 6 Hen III, 95. 

[436] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, IV, p. 1019. 

[437] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 71. 

[438] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 16 footnote 4, quoting Pipe Roll, 11 John, Northampton. 

[439] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 18. 

[440] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 532. 

[441] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/16, 6 Hen III, 95. 

[442] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 32. 

[443] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 207. 

[444] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 554. 

[445] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 868, p. 674. 

[446] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, IV, p. 1019.  

[447] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, IV, p. 1019. 

[448] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, IV, p. 1019. 

[449] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Bukinghamsir, p. 20. 

[450] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 207. 

[451] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 554. 

[452] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 924, p. 166. 

[453] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 1525, p. 278. 

[454] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 1530, p. 279. 

[455] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 1531, p. 280. 

[456] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 1540, p. 281. 

[457] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 207. 

[458] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Wedon Pinkney Priory, Northamptonshire, IV, p. 1019. 

[459] Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, 304, p. 80. 

[460] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 1758, p. 325. 

[461] Palgrave (1837), Vol. I, 6, p. ix. 

[462] Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, 304, p. 80. 

[463] Palgrave (1837), Vol. I, 6, p. ix. 

[464] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 206, p. 127. 

[465] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 102, p. 24. 

[466] Palgrave (1837), Vol. I, 6, p. ix. 

[467] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 366, p. 227. 

[468] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 366, p. 227. 

[469] Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, 304, p. 80. 

[470] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 105, p. 14. 

[471] The estimated date of death of her father. 

[472] Dugdale Monasticon III, Wetherall Priory, Cumberland, XVI, Cronicon Cumbriæ, p. 585.   

[473] Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Vol. IV (1837), Ex Calendario…Prioratui de Gisburna, p. 261. 

[474] Annales Cestrienses, p. 28. 

[475] Annales Cestrienses, p. 28. 

[476] Loyd (1951), p. 78. 

[477] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 88. 

[478] Gloucester St Peter, Vol, I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 88. 

[479] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. II, Sainte-Marie-du-Val, 1, p. 263. 

[480] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. II, Sainte-Marie-du-Val, 1, p. 263. 

[481] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. II, Sainte-Marie-du-Val, 1, p. 263. 

[482] CP XI Appendix D, 119, and Domesday Descendants, p. 641.   

[483] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXXVI, p. 356. 

[484] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Dorsetshire, p. 16. 

[485] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXXV, p. 137. 

[486] Journal, R. Inst. Cornwall, Vol. 1, pp. 29-32, cited in CP XI Appendix D, p. 119 footnote f. 

[487] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 249. 

[488] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 289. 

[489] Benedict of Peterborough, Vol. I, pp. 163 and 172. 

[490] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire, II, p. 382.   

[491] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. II, Sainte-Marie-du-Val, 1, p. 263. 

[492] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Cornwall, p. 158. 

[493] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. II, Sainte-Marie-du-Val, 1, p. 263. 

[494] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. II, Sainte-Marie-du-Val, 1, p. 263. 

[495] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. II, Sainte-Marie-du-Val, 1, p. 263. 

[496] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XIII, p. 17. 

[497] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XLII, p. 47. 

[498] Domesday Translation, Somerset, XXVI, p. 267, Devonshire, XXXIIII, pp. 324-7. 

[499] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 249. 

[500] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 42. 

[501] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 635. 

[502] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Devonshire, p. 7. 

[503] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 60. 

[504] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 88. 

[505] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 18. 

[506] Rotuli Chartarum, 1 John, p. 42. 

[507] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. I, p. cxx. 

[508] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 435. 

[509] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 540. 

[510] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/21, 8 Hen III, 165. 

[511] Testa de Nevill, Part 2, Appendix, p. 1426. 

[512] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 295, p. 77. 

[513] Testa de Nevill, Part 2, Appendix, p. 1426. 

[514] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 416, p. 238. 

[515] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 523, p. 398. 

[516] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 416, p. 238. 

[517] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 649, p. 400. 

[518] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, LXXXVIII, p. 330. 

[519] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Oxfordshire, p. 6, Dorsetshire, Wiltshire, pp. 15-17, 20, 23, Hampshire, pp. 41-2, Surrey, p. 51. 

[520] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 19, p. 33. 

[521] Gesta Stephani Regis II, p. 96. 

[522] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 28. 

[523] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 205. 

[524] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 47. 

[525] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 55. 

[526] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 67. 

[527] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, pp. 73 and 74. 

[528] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 91. 

[529] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 99. 

[530] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 343. 

[531] CP X Appendix G, p. 95 footnote f. 

[532] Berkeleys Lives, Vol. I, p. 97. 

[533] Grazebrook ‘The Barons of Dudley`, p. 14, footnote 6 continued from p. 13, quoting Dugdale. 

[534] Jeayes (1892), 68, p. 29, no citation of the original. 

[535] Jeayes (1892), 73, p. 31, no citation of the original. 

[536] Domesday Descendants, p. 643, citing Bearman, R. (1994) Charters of the Redvers Family and the Earldom of Devon (Exeter), App. I, no. 16 (not yet consulted). 

[537] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Surrey, p. 51. 

[538] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Hertfordshire, p. 63. 

[539] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 482. 

[540] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/21, 8 Hen III, 139. 

[541] Patent Rolls Henry III 1215-1225 (1901), p. 47. 

[542] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/12, 4 Hen III, 263. 

[543] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 1551, p. 234. 

[544] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 76, p. 18. 

[545] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 76, p. 18. 

[546] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 76, p. 18. 

[547] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 76, p. 18. 

[548] Domesday Translation, Norfolk, p. 1104. 

[549] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 245. 

[550] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. IV, Liber XII, XXVI, p. 419. 

[551] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Canwell Priory, Staffordshire, I, p. 105.   

[552] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 245. 

[553] Wrottesley ‘The Staffordshire Chartulary` (1882), Series III, p. 187. 

[554] Basset Charters, 47, p. 24. 

[555] Basset Charters, 47, p. 24. 

[556] Round (1892), p. 417. 

[557] Chronicon Petroburgense, Appendix, Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, pp. 168-9. 

[558] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Northamptonshire, p. 83. 

[559] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 245. 

[560] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. IV, Liber XII, XXXI, p. 429. 

[561] Chronicon Petroburgense, pp. 68, 72 and 74. 

[562] Round (1892), p. 417. 

[563] Wrottesley ‘The Staffordshire Chartulary`, Vol. III, Series III, p. 189. 

[564] Basset Charters, 12, p. 6. 

[565] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 457, p. 336. 

[566] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), 458, p. 337. 

[567] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 30. 

[568] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, pp. 268 and 329. 

[569] Basset Charters, 12, p. 6. 

[570] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Hundredum de Stokes, p. 13. 

[571] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, In Dorso, p. 15. 

[572] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Hundredum de Stokes, p. 13. 

[573] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Hundredum de Stokes, p. 13. 

[574] Rotuli de Liberate, 4 John, p. 57. 

[575] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Hundredum de Stokes, p. 13. 

[576] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Hundredum de Stokes, p. 13. 

[577] Rotuli de Liberate, 4 John, p. 57. 

[578] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, Hundredum de Stokes, p. 13. 

[579] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Colchester St John Abbey, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis, p. 607.   

[580] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1913), Vol. I, 199, p. 54. 

[581] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1913), Vol. I, 125, p. 32, citing Gallia Christiana, Vol. XI, inst. col. 226. 

[582] Chronicon Rameseiensis, 238, p. 232. 

[583] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1913), Vol. I, 63, p. 17. 

[584] Domesday Translation, Hampshire, XXX, p. 113, Berkshire, XXXII, p. 151, Essex, XXV, pp. 1005-8, Norfolk, XXIIII, pp. 1153-4, Suffolk, XXVIII, p. 1270. 

[585] Dugdale Monasticon II, Bath Cathedral, IX, p. 266.   

[586] Round (1899) 97, p. 27. 

[587] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 1. 

[588] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Colchester St John Abbey, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis, p. 609.   

[589] Domesday Descendants, p. 400. 

[590] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 1. 

[591] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 48. 

[592] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 165. 

[593] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Colchester St John Abbey, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis, p. 607.   

[594] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Du Chesne, 1619), Liber VIII, XXXVII, p. 312. 

[595] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire III, p. 269. 

[596] CP V 113-4. 

[597] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire III, p. 269. 

[598] CP V 113-4. 

[599] Round (1892), p. 169. 

[600] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Colchester St John Abbey, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis, p. 607.   

[601] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Colchester St John Abbey, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis, p. 607.   

[602] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Colchester St John Abbey, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis, p. 607.   

[603] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1913), Vol. I, 63, p. 17. 

[604] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber IV, VI, p. 214. 

[605] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Kent, p. 63. 

[606] Domesday Descendants, p. 727. 

[607] Domesday Descendants, p. 726, citing BL Cotton Domit. A x, fol. 162r. 

[608] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Kent, p. 63. 

[609] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 842, p. 310. 

[610] Chronicon Rameseiensis, 238, p. 232. 

[611] Chronicon Rameseiensis, 238, p. 232. 

[612] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 252, p. 153. 

[613] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, 9, p. 324. 

[614] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, 9, p. 324. 

[615] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Colchester St John Abbey, Essex, I, Historia Fundationis, p. 607.   

[616] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1913), Vol. I, 319, p. 84. 

[617] Dugdale Monasticon VI.3, Lincoln Cathedral, IV, p. 1270.   

[618] Dugdale Monasticon VI.3, Lincoln Cathedral, IV, p. 1271.   

[619] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXIX, p. 356. 

[620] Dugdale Monasticon III, Belvoir Priory, Lincolnshire, VII, p. 290.   

[621] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXIX, p. 356. 

[622] Dugdale Monasticon III, Belvoir Priory, Lincolnshire, VIII, p. 290.   

[623] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXIX, p. 356. 

[624] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Norfolk, p. 91. 

[625] Dugdale Monasticon III, Belvoir Priory, Lincolnshire, VIII, p. 290.   

[626] Johnson, C. & Cronne, H. A. (ed.) (1968) Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (Oxford), Vol. III, 150, p. 55. 

[627] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 364. 

[628] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Appendix A, 27, p. cclxxiii. 

[629] Pipe Roll 14 Hen II (1167/68), p. 29. 

[630] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 127. 

[631] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Appendix A, 27, p. cclxxiii. 

[632] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 29. 

[633] Pipe Roll 14 Hen II (1167/68), p. 29. 

[634] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 49. 

[635] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Appendix A, 27, p. cclxxiii. 

[636] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Appendix A, 28, p. cclxxiii. 

[637] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Appendix A, 30, p. cclxxiv. 

[638] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 76. 

[639] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 116. 

[640] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 411. 

[641] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 477. 

[642] CP VIII 525, quoting (in translation) Chartulary of Walsingham, Cotton MS, Nero, E vii, f. 95 d. 

[643] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 688, p. 217. 

[644] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 14. 

[645] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 411. 

[646] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 417. 

[647] Dugdale Monasticon III, Horsham Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 636.   

[648] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 477. 

[649] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, 65, p. 331. 

[650] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, 65, p. 331. 

[651] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Saint-André-en-Gouffern, 41, p. 414. 

[652] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Lincolnshire, p. 110. 

[653] Round, J. H. (1909) Feudal England (London), The Leicestershire Survey, p. 198. 

[654] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Lincolnshire, p. 110. 

[655] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Westmoreland, p. 143. 

[656] Round (1899), 540, p. 190. 

[657] Domesday Descendants, pp. 668-9, citing Clay (1936) Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. V, no 186.  . 

[658] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 156. 

[659] Round (1909), The Knights of Peterborough, p. 166. 

[660] Round (1899), 540, p. 190. 

[661] Round (1899), 542, p. 191. 

[662] Round (1899), 540, p. 190. 

[663] Domesday Descendants, p. 669. 

[664] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Lincolnshire, p. 110. 

[665] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Bourn Priory, Lincolnshire, I, p. 370. 

[666] Domesday Descendants, p. 669. 

[667] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 42. 

[668] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Kent, p. 63. 

[669] Moore (1918), Vol. I, p. 480. 

[670] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 303. 

[671] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 196. 

[672] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 35. 

[673] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 48. 

[674] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Clerkenwell Priory, III, p. 81. 

[675] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 44. 

[676] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Clerkenwell Priory, III, p. 81. 

[677] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 44. 

[678] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 58. 

[679] Moore (1918), Vol. I, p. 480. 

[680] Pipe Roll 6 Rich I (1194), Kent, p. 247. 

[681] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 44. 

[682] Pipe Roll 6 Rich I (1194), Kent, p. 249. 

[683] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 44. 

[684] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Clerkenwell Priory, III, p. 81. 

[685] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli X, Cantebrigesire, p. 44. 

[686] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 96. 

[687] Rotuli de Liberate, 3 John, p. 24. 

[688] Rotuli de Liberate, Rotulus de Prestito, 12 John, p. 219. 

[689] Farrer (1925), Vol. III, p. 195. 

[690] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1898, p. 672. 

[691] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 474, p. 371. 

[692] Close Rolls of Henry III 1231-1234, pp. 370-1.  

[693] Ancient Deeds PRO, Vol. I, C 438, p. 428. 

[694] Farrer (1925), Vol. III, p. 195. 

[695] Farrer (1925), Vol. III, p. 195. 

[696] Calendar of Patent Rolls Henry III 1232-1247, p. 473. 

[697] Ancient Deeds PRO, Vol. I, C 438, p. 428. 

[698] Farrer (1925), Vol. III, pp. 195-6. 

[699] Ancient Deeds PRO, Vol. I, C 438, p. 428. 

[700] Round (1899), 463, p. 164. 

[701] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Bolton Priory, Yorkshire, II, p. 203. 

[702] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Bolton Priory, Yorkshire, III, p. 203. 

[703] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Bolton Priory, Yorkshire, II, p. 203. 

[704] Dugdale Monasticon III, St. Bee’s Priory, Cumberland, III, p. 577. 

[705] Domesday Descendants, p. 675. 

[706] Domesday Descendants, p. 675. 

[707] Domesday Descendants, p. 675. 

[708] CP XI 464, citing Gallia Christiana Vol. XI, col. 443. 

[709] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCXLV, p. 379. 

[710] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXVIII, p. 123. 

[711] Loyd (1951), p. 88. 

[712] Domesday Translation, Suffolk, VI, p. 1204. 

[713] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[714] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[715] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Dorsetshire, p. 15, Huntingdonshire, p. 49. 

[716] Actes Henri II, Tome I, LXXX, p. 184. 

[717] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 18. 

[718] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 33. 

[719] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 153. 

[720] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 42. 

[721] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[722] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[723] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 157. 

[724] Actes Henri II, Tome I, LXXX, p. 184. 

[725] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 153. 

[726] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 155. 

[727] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 42. 

[728] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 160. 

[729] CP IX 578 footnote c, citing MS at Norfolk House. 

[730] Dugdale Monasticon V, Thetford Priory, Norfolk, p. 142, quoting a list of benefactors given by "Martin…from the manuscript in the Cottonian collection formerly marked Vitellius F. IV but which was burnt in the fire of 1731". 

[731] Dugdale Monasticon V, Thetford Priory, Norfolk, VIII, p. 151. 

[732] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[733] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[734] Domesday Descendants, p. 174. 

[735] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 159. 

[736] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 159. 

[737] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[738] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 153. 

[739] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 155. 

[740] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[741] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 159. 

[742] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 160. 

[743] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 160. 

[744] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 198. 

[745] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Huntedunsire, Hundredum de Leitonstede, p. 24, and Rotuli VII, Hertfordesire, Hundredo de Bradewatre, p. 35. 

[746] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 199. 

[747] Domesday Descendants, p. 542. 

[748] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 197. 

[749] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 162.  

[750] Evans 'Dammartin' (1965), Vol. 15, pp. 53-63, in Evans (2003), p. 80. 

[751] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 156. 

[752] Colchester St John, Vol. I, p. 155. 

[753] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 195. 

[754] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 195. 

[755] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 473. 

[756] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 18, p. 16. 

[757] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 18, p. 16. 

[758] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 393. 

[759] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 95. 

[760] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 98. 

[761] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 542. 

[762] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 547. 

[763] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 262. 

[764] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/18, 7 Hen III, 39. 

[765] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/18, 7 Hen III, 38. 

[766] Loyd (1951), p. 89, citing Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. V, pp. 86-7 [not yet consulted]. 

[767] Fougères Sainte-Trinité, X, p. 195. 

[768] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, IV, p. 306. 

[769] Round (1899) 1208, p. 436. 

[770] Round (1899) 801, p. 291. 

[771] Round (1899) 801, p. 291. 

[772] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 64. 

[773] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. IV, Boxgrave Priory, III, p. 645. 

[774] Round (1899) 801, p. 291. 

[775] Round (1899) 820, p. 298. 

[776] Round (1899) 826, p. 300, and Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 809, p. 297. 

[777] Round (1899) 801, p. 291. 

[778] Fougères Sainte-Trinité, X, p. 195. 

[779] Round (1899) 1122, p. 402. 

[780] Round (1899) 607, p. 211. 

[781] Delisle (1856), 1605, p. 364. 

[782] Round (1899) 607, p. 211. 

[783] Delisle (1856), 1605, p. 364. 

[784] Round (1899) 607, p. 211. 

[785] Delisle (1856), 1605, p. 364. 

[786] Holyrood, 33, p. 28. 

[787] Holyrood, 41, p. 33. 

[788] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/12, 4 Hen III, 230. 

[789] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 74. 

[790] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/12, 4 Hen III, 230. 

[791] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 74. 

[792] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 157. 

[793] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 157. 

[794] Loyd (1951), p. 90. 

[795] Beauchamp, 160, p. 95. 

[796] Beauchamp, 160, p. 95. 

[797] Beauchamp, 160, p. 95. 

[798] Beauchamp, 160, p. 95. 

[799] Beauchamp, 160, p. 95. 

[800] Domesday Descendants, p. 693. 

[801] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 203. 

[802] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. V, Robert’s Bridge Abbey, Sussex, II, p. 667. 

[803] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. V, Robert’s Bridge Abbey, Sussex, II, p. 667. 

[804] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. V, Robert’s Bridge Abbey, Sussex, III, p. 667. 

[805] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, p. 168. 

[806] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, p. 168. 

[807] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, pp. 168-9. 

[808] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Northamptonshire, p. 83. 

[809] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, p. 169. 

[810] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, pp. 168-9. 

[811] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, pp. 168-9. 

[812] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, pp. 168-9. 

[813] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, pp. 168-9. 

[814] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, pp. 168-9. 

[815] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 331. 

[816] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, p. 168. 

[817] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, p. 168. 

[818] Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo, p. 168. 

[819] Morandière (1903). 

[820] Rievaulx, XLIII, p. 21. 

[821] Chronica Melsa, Vol. I, IX, p. 99. 

[822] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 419. 

[823] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 429. 

[824] Dugdale Monasticon V, Keldholm Priory, Yorkshire, II, p. 665.   

[825] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 40. 

[826] Actes Henri II, Tome I, CCLXXII, p. 418. 

[827] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 53. 

[828] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DXXIV, p. 87. 

[829] Hugo (1736), Tome II, Probationes, col. xxvi. 

[830] Rievaulx, XLIII, p. 21. 

[831] Hugo (1736), Tome II, Probationes, col. xxvi. 

[832] Chronica Melsa, Vol. I, IX, p. 99. 

[833] Rievaulx, XLIII, p. 21. 

[834] Hugo (1736), Tome II, Probationes, col. xxvi. 

[835] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 207, p. 32. 

[836] Dugdale Monasticon V, Keldholm Priory, Yorkshire, II, p. 665.   

[837] Chronica Melsa, Vol. I, IX, p. 99. 

[838] Domesday Descendants, p. 723. 

[839] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 429. 

[840] Dugdale Monasticon V, Castleacre Priory, Norfolk, XIII, p. 52.   

[841] Dugdale Monasticon V, Castleacre Priory, Norfolk, XIII, p. 52.   

[842] Domesday Descendants, pp. 428 and 723. 

[843] Dugdale Monasticon V, Castleacre Priory, Norfolk, XIV, p. 52.   

[844] Domesday Descendants, p. 723. 

[845] Whitby, Vol. I, LXXIII, p. 68. 

[846] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/12, 4 Hen III, 19. 

[847] Inquisitiones Worcestershire, VII, p. 4, 43 Hen III, no. 23. 

[848] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 287. 

[849] Patent Rolls Henry III 1215-1225 (1901), p. 223. 

[850] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/12, 4 Hen III, 19. 

[851] Annales de Wigornia, p. 421. 

[852] Inquisitiones Worcestershire, VII, p. 4, 43 Hen III, no. 23. 

[853] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 133, p. 88. 

[854] CP V 539, footnote f from p. 538. 

[855] Chronica Melsa, Vol. I, IX, p. 99. 

[856] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCXXVI, p. 349. 

[857] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCXXV, p. 347. 

[858] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCXXVI, p. 349.