untitled ENGLISH NOBILITY T - Z

v4.1 Updated 13 October 2019

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

TAILLEBOIS. 2

TOTNES. 7

TRACY. 9

TRESGOZ. 18

TRUSSEBUT. 26

VALOIGNES. 29

VAUX. 53

VERNON. 65

VESPONT. 70

WELLES. 70

WELLETON. 71

WINDSOR. 73

OTHER UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY. 78

 

 

 

TAILLEBOIS

 

 

Loyd indicates that this family originated in Cristot in the present-day French département of Calvados, arrondissement Caen, canton Tilly-sur-Seulles[1]The Taillebois family was studied by Ragg in the late 1920s[2].  He reproduces charters from the mid-13th century but provides no source citations for the earlier period.  Until more information comes to light, his work appears to be of limited value. 

 

 

[Three possible brothers:]

1.         IVO Taillebois [I] (-[1094/95], bur Spalding).  Ragg lists property in Lancashire and Westmorland which Ivo [I] donated to York St. Mary but does not cite his sources[3].  "…Ivo Taillebois, Robert de Oilli" witnessed the spurious charter, purportedly dated 25 Dec [1071/75], under which William I King of England donated Chelsea to the monks of Westminster[4].  "…Ivonem Taillebois…" witnessed the charter under which William I King of England confirmed the rights of Ely abbey[5].  “Ivo Taleboys” donated Spalding Monastery to the church of Saint-Nicholas Anjou, for “conjugis suæ Luciæ et antecessorum Toraldi…uxoris eius” by undated charter[6].  “Ivo Talliebois” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “uxoris meæ Luciæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lucia uxore mea, Ribaldo genero meo, Radulpho Taillebois…[7].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Claxtuna et ecclesiam de Kirkby-Stephen…” by “Ivo Taillebois[8].  Domesday Book records “Ivo Taillebois” holding numerous properties in Lincolnshire[9].  “…Ivonis de Taliber…” witnessed the charter dated Sep 1093 under which William II King of England donated property to Lincoln cathedral[10].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records the death of "Ivo Taillebois who had always been a most bitter enemy to Croyland" and his burial by "his wife the lady Lucia" in the priory of Spalding[11]m as her first husband, LUCY, daughter of --- (-1138, bur Spalding).  The Chronicon Angliæ Petriburgense records "Luciæ comitissæ…filiæ Algari comitis Leicestriæ" as husband of "Ivo Tailbois comes Andegavensis, dominus Spaldingiæ et totius Hollandiæ" and "Toraldus avunculus eiusdem Luciæ"[12].  No other source has been yet been identified which names one of the parents of Lucy.  If the source is accurate (and it is a later source), it is not known whether the relationship with Thorold was through Lucy’s father or mother, although if "avunculus" is used in its strict sense (which is not beyond doubt) Thorold was her maternal uncle.  A manuscript recording the foundation of Spalding monastery records that “Yvo Talboys” married "Thoroldo…hærede Lucia" who, after the death of Ivo, married (in turn) "Rogerum filium Geroldi" and "comitem Cestriæ Ranulphum"[13].  “Ivo Taleboys” donated Spalding Monastery to the church of Saint-Nicholas Anjou, for “conjugis suæ Luciæ et antecessorum Toraldi…uxoris eius” by undated charter[14].  She married secondly (after 1094) Roger FitzGerold.  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "his wife the lady Lucia" married "Roger de Romar the son of Gerald de Romar" when "hardly had one month elapsed after the death" of her first husband "Ivo Taillebois"[15].  She married thirdly (1098) Ranulf "Meschin" Vicomte du Bessin.  Ivo [I]  & [his wife] had [two] children: 

a)         [[BEATRIX] .  Assuming that “genero” in the following document was used in its strict sense of son-in-law, Ribald’s wife was Ivo’s daughter: Ivo Talliebois” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “uxoris meæ Luciæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lucia uxore mea, Ribaldo genero meo, Radulpho Taillebois…[16].  The difficulty is that “gener” was sometimes used in medieval documents to indicate brother-in-law.  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that the "only daughter" of "Ivo Taillebois…[and] his wife the lady Lucia" married "a husband of noble rank" but "died before her father"[17].  It is possible that this passage refers to the wife of Ribald.  Assuming that this was the same wife of Ribald, her name is confirmed by the following document: “Ribaldus frater comitis” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “Alani comitis et Beatricis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[18].  As Ingulph says that Ivo’s daughter predeceased her father, it is possible that Beatrix was a later wife of Ribald and not Ivo’s daughter.  m RIBALD, illegitimate son of EUDES de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre & his mistress ---.] 

b)         [daughter Domesday Descendants suggests that Ingulph (quoted above) was incorrect and that Ivo Taillebois [I] left a second daughter who was the wife of Eldred, noting that the couple’s grandson William de Lancaster held the barony of Kendal which Ivo had previously held[19].  This is contradicted by an undated manuscript relating to Cockersand Abbey, Lancashire which names “Elthredum” as son of ”Ivo Tailbot[20], although this statement is improbable as no other primary sources indicate that Ivo had sons.  m ELDRED, son of ---.] 

2.         [RALPH Taillebois (-after 1085).  “Ivo Talliebois” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “uxoris meæ Luciæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “Lucia uxore mea, Ribaldo genero meo, Radulpho Taillebois…[21].  The precise relationship between Ivo Taillebois and Ralph Taillebois is not known, but the positioning of their names in this charter directly after Ivo’s son-in-law suggests that it was close.  Maybe they were brothers.  Domesday Book records that “Peter de Valognes and Ralph Taillebois” took Welbury in Hertfordshire from "Ilbert [who] put it in his manor of Lilley while he was sheriff"[22].  This joint action suggests a family relationship between Ralph and Peter de Valoignes.]  m AZELINA, daughter of ---.  Domesday Book records “Azelina wife of Ralph Taillebois” holding half a hide of land in Soulbury in Cottesloe Hundred from the king in Buckinghamshire; several properties in Bedfordshire[23].  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records that “the daughter of Ralph Taillebois holds in Hunsdon 4 hides of the fief of Hugh de Beauchamp…Ralph Taillebois took it from Stanstead Abbots and attached it to this manor” in Braughing Hundred in Hertfordshire[24]

3.         [WILLIAM Taillebois (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “William Taillebois” holding West Ashby and Alford in Lincolnshire[25].] 

 

 

The family relationships, if any, between the following individuals and the earlier Taillebois family has not been established.  It should be noted that a mid-15th century source records that three of the sons of Ribald, whose wife may have been the daughter of Ivo Taillebois as shown above, were named “Taillebois”[26].  The accuracy of such a late source to record events which occurred more than 300 years earlier is uncertain, but the document does demonstrate the possibility that the name “Taillebois” was transmitted outside Ivo’s direct family. 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         GUILLAUME Taillebois .  "Guillaume Taillebois" donated land "à Secqueville" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, for his soul and that of "son frère Robert", by undated charter[27]

2.         ROBERT Taillebois .  "Guillaume Taillebois" donated land "à Secqueville" to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, for his soul and that of "son frère Robert", by undated charter[28]

 

 

1.         AIMERY Taillebois (-after 1204).  Ragg names “Americ Taillebois, also called Thebert...Archdeacon of Carlisle from 1196 with a short interval till at least after 1204[29]

 

2.         IVO Taillebois [II] (-[1212/14]).  A book of fees records that “Ivo de Tailbois” held “baroniam de Hephall cum uxore sua…filia [error for uxor, see other sources quoted below] Will de Bardulf”, previously granted to [a different, from the context] “Will Bardolf” by William I King of England[30].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Durham, dated to [1208/10]: "Ivo Talleboys" held "in capite de domino rege Theynagium quod fuit Willelmi filii Willelmi per Elyzabet uxorem suam…"[31].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Yvo Taylebois" holding "baroniam de Ephal[ton] cum uxore W[illelmi] Badulfi" with one knight’s fee from King John in Northumberland in [1210/12][32].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Yvo Tailleboys" holding "baroniam de Hephale cum uxore qui fuit Willelmi Bardolf quam habet de dono domini Regis Johannis" in Northumberland[33].  His date of death is estimated from the 1214 reference quoted below under his wife.  m ([1206/10]) as her [second/third] husband, ELIZABETH, widow of WILLIAM Bardulf, daughter of [WILLIAM FitzWilliam & his wife ---] (-before 6 Jul 1255).  There is some doubt about Elizabeth’s parentage.  On the one hand, Ragg records the sheriff accounting for receipts from “William son of William” in the Pipe Roll for Northumberland from 1177, ending before 1198 when “William Bardolf” rendered accounts for “taking to wife her who was the wife of William son of William, and for being allowed to place out in marriage three daughters of her and of William son of William[34].  The text of the 1198 Pipe Roll entry has not been checked.  On the other hand, King John confirmed land "in Hepedale et in Kokedale", which "Will fil Will patre predicte Elysabeth tenuit", to "Willelmo Bardulf et Elysabeth uxori sue" by charter dated 25 Apr 1200[35].  Until more information comes to light, judging which version is correct would be speculative.  "Elizabeth q fuit uxor Willi Bard" paid a fine to marry where she will, in Northumberland, dated 1206[36].  A book of fees records that “Ivo de Tailbois” held “baroniam de Hephall cum uxore sua…filia [error for uxor, see other sources quoted below] Will de Bardulf”, previously granted to [a different, from the context] “Will Bardolf” by William I King of England[37].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Yvo Taylebois" holding "baroniam de Ephal[ton] cum uxore W[illelmi] Badulfi" with one knight’s fee from King John in Northumberland in [1210/12][38].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Yvo Tailleboys" holding "baroniam de Hephale cum uxore qui fuit Willelmi Bardolf quam habet de dono domini Regis Johannis" in Northumberland[39].  Ragg states that “Elizabeth who was the wife of Ivo Tailbois” paid for the king’s writ in 1214[40]The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "uxor Ivonis Talleboys" holding land in Northumberland[41].  An inquisition following a writ dated 6 Jul "40 Hen III", after the death of "Elizabeth Taylebois alias Taylboes", names "Robert Taylboes her son aged 40 at least is her heir" and lists one unspecified knight’s fee in Northumberland[42].  Ivo [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ROBERT Taillebois [I] (before 1215-before 18 Oct 1256).  Ragg states that Robert was the son of Elizabeth, wife of Ivo [II], although he does not say that Ivo was his father[43].  His parentage appears confirmed by his mother’s inquisition (see above).  “Robertus Taylebois” confirmed “terram meam de Banton et Ascumbe” to “Roberto le Franceis filio Hugonis le Franceis de Westmerland et Elychabet uxori sue” by charter dated to [1235][44]An inquisition following a writ dated 18 Oct "41 Hen III", after the death of "Robert Tayleboys alias Taleboys", names "Robert his son is his heir and of full age" and “Margery late his wife is dowered by the command of the queen”, listing one unspecified knight’s fee in Northumberland[45]m MARGERY, daughter of --- (-after 1259).  An inquisition following a writ dated 18 Oct "41 Hen III", after the death of "Robert Tayleboys alias Taleboys", names “Margery late his wife is dowered by the command of the queen[46]Ragg says that Robert’s widow (whom he does not name) claimed land “in Clifburne” from “Robert le Franceys” in 1259[47].  Robert [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT Taillebois [II] (-before 18 Oct 1281).  An inquisition following a writ dated 18 Oct "41 Hen III", after the death of "Robert Tayleboys alias Taleboys", names "Robert his son is his heir and of full age"[48].  An inquisition following a writ dated 7 Jun "9 Edw I", after the death of "Robert Taylleboys alias Taillebois", names “Luke his son aged 23 is his next heir” and a moiety of the manor of “Hephale...and of the town of Tossan” as one knight’s fee in Northumberland[49]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert [II] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       LUKE Taillebois ([1257/58]-).  An inquisition following a writ dated 7 Jun "9 Edw I", after the death of "Robert Taylleboys alias Taillebois", names “Luke his son aged 23 is his next heir[50]

b)         [ELIZABETHRobertus Taylebois” confirmed “terram meam de Banton et Ascumbe” to “Roberto le Franceis filio Hugonis le Franceis de Westmerland et Elychabet uxori sue” by charter dated to [1235][51].  The inclusion in this document of the grantee’s wife suggests that she may have been related to the grantor.  Could she have been Robert Taillebois’s sister?  m ROBERT le Franceys, son of HUGH le Franceys & his wife ---.] 

 

3.         IVO de Taillebois [III] .  "Yvonem de Taillebois" donated "ecclesie et juris patronatus de Cristot" to Vendôme La-Trinité, undated[52].  The identity of the donor, whether he was the same person as Ivo Taillebois [II], or even whether he was a member of the English Taillebois family at all, has not been ascertained. 

 

 

 

TOTNES

 

 

1.         ALUREDm ---.  The name of Alured’s wife is not known.  Alured & his wife had one child: 

a)         JUHEL de Totnes (-[1099/1129]).  [“…Whali [Rahel?] filii Aluredi…” witnessed the charter dated 1082 under which William I King of England granted land at Covenham to the church of St Calais[53].  It appears likely that "Whali" is a transcription error for "Juheli".]  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Joelis filii Aluredi” founded Barnstaple Priory[54].  His name suggests Breton origin.  Domesday Book records “Iudichael of Totnes” holding numerous properties in Devonshire, and Froxton in Cornwall[55].  “Juhellus filius Aluredi” founded Totness Priory by undated charter, dated to the reign of William II King of England[56].  An undated charter records that King William II expelled “Juhello de Totenesio" from "hæreditatem eius" and granted it to "Rogerio de Novant” founded Totness Priory by undated charter, dated to the reign of William II King of England[57]m --- de Picquigny, daughter of ---.  A "sœur de Guermond de Picquigny, mariée en Angleterre avec un riche seigneur nommé Joelle de Totenes" is referred to in the De Miraculis sanctæ Mariæ Laudunensis[58].  Juhel & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          ALURED (-after 1136).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Alur fil Johel" accounting for "terre patris sui" in Devonshire[59].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Aluredo filio Joelis" held out against the king, after helping his friend Baldwin de Reviers at the siege of Exeter, following the surrender of most of his followers, dated to [1136][60]

ii)         ELEANOR .  "Philippus de Brausia" confirmed the donations to the church of Saints Gervais et Protais de Briouze, by "pater eius Guillemus de Brausia", by charter dated 5 Jan [1096], with the consent of "uxor eius Aanor et Guillelmus filius suus"[61].  Her parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Willielmus de Braosa” confirmed donations to Barnstaple Priory by "Johelis avi sui" by undated charter[62]m PHILIP [I] de Briouse, son of GUILLAUME [I] de Briouse & his wife --- ([1060/70]-[1131/39]). 

iii)        [daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   It is probably speculative, designed to explain how the Tracy family held part of the honour of Barnstaple (the other part of which was in the hands of the Briouse family, inherited through Juhel de Totnes’s recorded daughter Eleanor): the 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Oliverus de Traci…pro parte sua de honore de Berdestapl" in Devonshire[63]Domesday Descendants comments that the honour of Barnstaple "probably came to [Henry de Tracy] by grant of King Stephen, against whom Alfred [fitz Juhel] had fought in the previous year, though the possibility that his wife was a sister of Alfred cannot be excluded"[64].  Stapleton is more specific, stating that Oliver de Tracy held "a moiety of the Honour of Barnstaple…through the grant of King Stephen to his father Henry de Tracy, but which grant had been made to the prejudice of the heir of the former possessor Joel son of Alured, who was the grandfather of William de Briouze"[65]m --- de Tracy, son of ---.] 

 

 

 

TRACY

 

 

Loyd says that “the actual place from which the family took its name is a difficult question.  At first sight there is much to be said for Tracy-sur-Mer (Calvados, arrondissement Bayeux, canton Ryes)...[but] it is shown by the Bayeux Inquest of 1133 that [the place] was then held by William Picot, [therefore] such a theory becomes untenable.  Two other places of the name remain – Tracy-Bocage (Calvados, arrondissement Caen, canton Villers-Bocage) and Tracy a fief in Neuville (Calvados, arrondissement and canton Vire).  As regards the first it lies wide of any of the ascertained lands of the family...[the second] is somewhat more hopeful...whatever the origin of the name...the Tracies were under-tenants in the département of La Manche of the comté of Mortain.  In view of this it is not without significance that Stephen was count of Mortain and that Henry de Tracy of Barnstaple was the king’s most prominent and persistent adherent in Devon”[66]

The Tracy family provides yet another example of bogus descents which were fabricated in later centuries, presumably to provide more illustrious ancestors for contemporary family members.  The result for the present-day is considerable confusion and inaccurate information in many published secondary sources.  The following is an attempt at finding a way through the puzzle, but it does not claim to provide the definitive answer to all the difficulties. 

 

 

A.      TRACY of BARNSTAPLE, DEVONSHIRE

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Tracy (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[67]m ROHESE, daughter of --- (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[68].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         TURGISE [I] de Tracy (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[69].  -         see below

b)         HENRY de Tracy of Barnstaple (-[1164/65]).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[70].  “Henricus de Traci…cum filio meo Olivero” donated property to Barnstaple Priory by charter 1146[71]The 1164/65 Pipe Roll records "Oliverus de Traci" owing ".D. m p parte sua de Honore de Barnestapl" in Devonshire, maybe indicating the recent death of his father[72]m firstly HAWISE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by an undated charter which confirms that her grandson "domini Henrici de Tracy" requested a daily mass at Pilton St James, for the souls of "Henrici de Traci avi sui et Oliveri patris sui et Hawysiæ avæ suæ"[73].  m secondly (after [1130/35]) as her second husband, CECILY de Rumilly, widow of WILLIAM FitzRanulf, daughter and heiress of ROBERT de Rumilly [Romilly] of Skipton & his wife ---.  Domesday Descendants notes that Cecily de Rumilly married as her second husband "Henry de Tracy of Barnstaple", without citing the corresponding primary source, but adds that "there is no evidence to suggest that she was the mother of Henry de Tracy’s heir Oliver"[74].  Henry & his first wife had one child: 

i)          OLIVER de Tracy of Barnstaple (-after 1203).  “Henricus de Traci…cum filio meo Olivero” donated property to Barnstaple Priory by charter 1146[75]The 1164/65 Pipe Roll records "Oliverus de Traci" owing ".D. m p parte sua de Honore de Barnestapl" in Devonshire, maybe indicating the recent death of his father[76]The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Oliver de Tracy xvii l x s" in Devonshire in [1167/68][77].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Oliverus de Tracieio" with one knight "de vicecomitatu de Cerenciis" and four knights in his own service[78].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Oliverus de Traci…pro parte sua de honore de Berdestapl" in Devonshire[79].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Olyver de Tracy" among those granted delay in payment "per brevia" in Devonshire[80].  The Feet of Fines records an agreement 28 Jan 1196 settling a claim by "Will de Breosa" against "Oliver de Traci" for "medietate honoris de Bordestapl", tracing the alienations made by "predicto Olivero vel Henrico patre suo"[81].  "…Will de Traceio, Oliv de Traceio" both paid rent on land in Normandy, dated 1198[82].  "Oliver de Traci" paid a fine for "heritanda baroñ Willi de Traci" in Devonshire, dated [1199/1200][83].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Oliverus de Traci" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][84].  "Lucia de Moon […terre de Moon]…Will de Traceio…versus Oliv de Traceio" all paid rent in "Ballia Constancien" in Normandy, dated 1203[85].  [m firstly ---.  No primary source has yet been identified which confirms this supposed first marriage.  However, if Eva was his known wife, and she had children by her first marriage who had not reached the age of majority by [1218/19] (see below), it is unlikely that she was the only wife of Oliver who was already old enough in 1146 to suscribe a charter with his father.]  m [secondly] [as her second husband,] EVA, widow of THOMAS de London, daughter of [FULK FitzWarin [II] & his wife Hawise de Dinan] (-after [Jun] 1222).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings, dated 1219, which includes "Eva de Trascey" holding land "in Esgarestona…in hundredo de Launburn" in Berkshire and "Bovy" in Devonshire[86].  The parentage of Eva, and her relationship to the main Tracy family shown above, has not been traced.  She could have been the widow of Oliver de Tracy.  The king ordered the sheriff of Berkshire to "take into the king’s hands" the lands of "Fulk fitz Warin and Eva de Tracy and her sister on account of the son and heir of Thomas de London, who they detain from the king", dated to [1218/19][87].  This document suggests that Eva was closely related to Fulk FitzWarin [III], maybe his sister.  Her first marriage is confirmed by an order to the sheriff of Devon to take "the daughter and heiress of Thomas of London [if] found in his bailiwick" and "if she has been abducted out of the bailiwick" to confiscate the lands of "Eva de Tracy her mother", dated to [1218/19][88].  "Eva de Tracy" paid a fine for "having a weekly market…at her manor of Bovey", dated 23 Oct 1219[89].  "William Crassus the first-born" paid a fine to marry "the daughter and heiress of Thomas de London", dated to [Dec] 1219[90].  "Eva de Tracy" made a fine for marrying "Hawise her daughter…without licence", dated [Jun] 1222[91].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Eva de Tracy...quia maritavit Hawisam filiam suam sine licencia R. que fuit de donatione sue” owing in “Nova Oblata” in Devon[92].  The following document indicates that Hawise was Eva’s daughter by her first marriage:  “Paganus de Cadurcis filius et hæres dominæ Hawisiæ de Londonia” donated land to Whiteland, Carmarthenshire, for the souls of “dominorum Thomæ de Londonia, Patricii de Cadurcis, Will. et Mauricii de Londonia, Warini de Bassingburne, dominæ Evæ de Tracy, Aleys et Gundre defunctorum”, by charter dated May 1270, witnessed by “dominis Patricio et Hernico militibus, fratribus nostris[93].  Oliver & his second wife had one child: 

(a)       HENRY de Tracy (-before 21 Aug 1274).  An undated charter confirms that "domini Henrici de Tracy" requested a daily mass at Pilton St James, for the souls of "Henrici de Traci avi sui et Oliveri patris sui et Hawysiæ avæ suæ"[94].  "Henr de Trascy" is named among the guarantors for a pledge of "Roberti de Ferariis" for a fine for "hnda fil Willelmi de Boclaund cum hereditate sua", dated [Oct] 1216[95].  An order dated 2 Apr 1219 records "Henry de Tracy" repaying part of a debt[96].  The Pipe Roll 1223 includes land of “Henricus de Tracy...de dimidio feodo quod est in manu R. de feodis Oliveri de Tracy” in Devon[97].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 21 Aug "2 Edw I" following the death of "Henry de Tracy" name “Maud daughter of his daughter whom Geoffrey de Caunville lately took to wife aged 31 at Christmas in the said year is his next heir”, adding that “he had a daughter Eva married to Guy de Bryane from whom was born Maud whom Geoffrey de Caunvile lately married” and list the deceased’s properties in Barnstaple and numerous other places in Devonshire[98]m [MATILDA [de Briouse], daughter of [WILLIAM [IV] de Briouse & his wife Matilda ---].  Drake, in a short Braose pedigree, records that “Loretta countess of Leicester” [daughter of William [III] de Briouse, see above] granted “the manor and advowson of Tawstock, co. Devon” to “her niece Matilda and the heirs of her body”, citing a writ dated 1391 and adding that the same document confirms that William [IV] de Briouse was the grantor’s brother[99].  He also states that Matilda, the grantee, married “Henry de Tracy Lord of Barnstaple, ob. 2 Edw I (1273-4)”, but does not cite the primary source which confirms that this marriage is correct.  However, he does record the manor of Tawstock (presumably Tavistock) was later held by the second husband of Matilda, daughter of Eva de Tracy and heir of Henry de Tracy according to the inquisitions quoted above.  From a chronological point of view, the proposal appears possible..]  Henry & his wife had two children: 

(1)       EVA de Tracy (-before 21 Aug 1274).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 21 Aug "2 Edw I" following the death of "Henry de Tracy" name “Maud daughter of his daughter whom Geoffrey de Caunville lately took to wife aged 31 at Christmas in the said year is his next heir”, adding that “he had a daughter Eva married to Guy de Bryane from whom was born Maud whom Geoffrey de Caunvile lately married[100]m GUY de Brian of Laugharne, co. Carmarthen, son of --- (-1307). 

(2)       HENRY de Tracy ([May] [1237/38]-before 1274).  A writ dated 10 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "Gunnora de la Mare" names "Henry, son of Henry Tracy her uncle, aged 13 at Whitsunday, 35 Hen III, and a son of Henry de la Mare, whose name is unknown, aged 15, are variously stated to be her heir" and "Elveiscot alias Elfeiscot, Alfiscot [Oxford]…Winterburne [Wiltshire]"[101]

2.         GEVA (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[102]

 

 

1.         FARAMUS de Tracy (-after 4 Jan 1219).  "Farramus de Tracy" paid a fine "for having a pone" in a claim against "Ralph de Satchville" relating to land "in Broad Clyst" in Devonshire, dated 4 Jan 1219[103]

 

 

TURGISE [I] de Tracy, son of WILLIAM de Tracy & his wife Rohese --- (-after 1110).  “William de Tracy" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel on becoming a monk there by charter dated 1110, signed by "…Guillelmi de Traceio, Rohes[ie] uxoris sue, Turgisi filii sui, Henrici filii sui, Gieve sororis sue[104]

m ---.  The name of Turgise’s wife is not known. 

Turgise [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [WILLIAM de Tracy (-[1172/1200]).  The parentage of William de Tracy has not been confirmed beyond doubt.  However, the various sources quoted below, as well as the apparent repetition of the name Turgise in the family, indicate that he was probably the son of Turgise [I] de Tracy.  Lord of the barony of Bradnich, Devon[105]Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn, including donations by "…Willelmi de Traceio…" of "molendinum de Trebuchet et decimum molendinorum suorum de Sancto Vigore", by charter dated to [1155/57][106]A charter dated to [1154/87] records that “W[illiam] de Traceio" built a house for lepers "at Coismas” but assigned its revenues to "Alan the clerk brother to the said W[illiam]"[107].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus de Tracy" held one knight’s fee from the bishop of Exeter in Devon[108].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Tracy xvii l x s" in Devonshire in [1167/68][109].  "…Willelmo de Traci…Ricardo Britone" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property "in manerio de Hinton" of "Roberto de Basoges" granted to him by "comes Conanus"[110].  He was one of the murderers of Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury.  Ralph de Diceto’s Ymagines Historiarum record that “Willelmus de Traci, Reginaldus filius Ursi, Hugo de Morevilla, Ricardus Brito” murdered the archbishop at Canterbury in 1171 and relate the subsequent events in detail[111]The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "militum…Richardus Brito, Hugo de Morevilla, Renaldus Ursus et Guillelmus de Traci" as the murderers of Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury[112].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Willelmus de Traceio" with one knight "de baillia de Basseis" and five knights in his own service[113].  "Hugo de Corterua" confirmed the donation made by "dominus Willermus de Traci avunculus meus", before the murder of the archbishop of Canterbury, to "Alano de Traci clerico" by charter dated to [1180], witnessed by "Olivero de Traci…"[114].  "Willelmus de Pyreu" paid a fine for the lands of "terra Willelmi de Tracy sic id Will eam habuit die que obiit", at "Constanc’ et Vire", dated 1200[115].  Stapleton records that "a copy of the Roll of Infeudations subsequent to the separation of Normandy" confirms that the land in question was the same as that held by Turgise de Tracy, specifying that after "Turgisus de Traceyo…Guillelmus de Pirou habet"[116].  "Oliver de Traci" paid a fine for "heritanda baroñ Willi de Traci" in Devonshire, dated [1199/1200][117].  A writ dated 10 Nov "3 Edw I" into the manor of Morton records that "William de Tracy, who held the barony of Braneys and Morton of the king in chief, took part in the martyrdom of St Thomas of Canterbury, for which deed he went into exile and the barony became escheat of King Henry [II]"[118].]  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [TURGISE [II] de Tracy (-after [1172]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Turgillus de Traceio ii milites et ad servitium suum viii milites" in the fief of Mortain[119].] 

b)         HENRY de Tracy (-after 1200).  "Joselinus de Pomerei" donated property to Ford abbey, Devonshire, for the souls of "…domini fratris mei Hen de Pomerei", by undated charter (maybe dated to after 1200, when William father of Henry de Tracy died) witnessed by "…Willielmo de Tracy fratre Hugonis de Courtenay, Henrico filio Willielmi de Tracy"[120].  A writ dated 10 Nov "3 Edw I" into the manor of Morton records that "William de Tracy, who held the barony of Braneys and Morton of the king in chief, took part in the martyrdom of St Thomas of Canterbury, for which deed he went into exile and the barony became escheat of King Henry [II]" and adds that "the same William had a son Henry de Tracy the hunchback (le Bozu) born in Normandy, who long after came to Geoffrey son of Peter, chief justice of England…[to recover] his inheritance, and for so doing he gave him the said manor of Morton"[121].  King John confirmed the donation of "manerio de Morton" by "Henri fil Will de Tracy" to "G. fil Pet com Essex" by charter dated 20 Jun 1200[122].  A similar donation was made 4 Nov 1200 by "Hug de Curtenay"[123]

2.         [ALAN de Tracy (-after [1180]).  A charter dated to [1154/87] records that “W[illiam] de Traceio" built a house for lepers "at Coismas” but assigned its revenues to "Alan the clerk brother to the said W[illiam]"[124].  "Hugo de Corterua" confirmed the donation made by "dominus Willermus de Traci avunculus meus" before the murder of the archbishop of Canterbury to "Alano de Traci clerico" by charter dated to [1180], witnessed by "Olivero de Traci…"[125].] 

3.         [--- de Tracy .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated to [1180] under which her son "Hugo de Corterua" confirmed the donation made by "dominus Willermus de Traci avunculus meus", before the murder of the archbishop of Canterbury, to "Alano de Traci clerico"[126].]  m GERVAIS de Couterne, son of ---.  Nicholas Vincent suggests that "Courtenay" represents a misreading for "Couterne" in the various sources quoted in this section[127]Gervais & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH de Couterne (-after May 1201).  "Hugo de Corterua" confirmed the donation made by "dominus Willermus de Traci avunculus meus", before the murder of the archbishop of Canterbury, to "Alano de Traci clerico" by charter dated to [1180], witnessed by "Olivero de Traci…"[128]"Hugo de Curterne" owed a fee "de scutagio Willelmi de Traci" in Devonshire in 1194[129]King John confirmed the donation of "manerio de Morton" by "Henri fil Will de Tracy" to "G. fil Pet com Essex" by charter dated 20 Jun 1200[130].  A similar donation was made 4 Nov 1200 by "Hug de Curtenay"[131].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Hug de Curtene" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][132]

b)         WILLIAM de Tracy (-after 1203).  Stapleton records that "William de Traci, son of Gervasia de Courtenai" donated "land in North Chillingford which he held of Dru de Montgirum…also a feudatory in the Passeis where in 1172 Odo de Montegerol had a knights’ fee" to the canons of Torre, Devonshire[133].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus de Tracy" paying "xxv l x s, per Hugonem de Cort[enai]" in Devonshire[134].  "Will de Traceio…Lucia de Moon" both paid rent on part of "terre de Moon", dated 1198[135].  "…Will de Traceio, Oliv de Traceio" both paid rent on land in Normandy, dated 1198[136]"Joselinus de Pomerei" donated property to Ford abbey, Devonshire, for the souls of "…domini fratris mei Hen de Pomerei", by undated charter (maybe dated to after 1200, when William father of Henry de Tracy died) witnessed by "…Willielmo de Tracy fratre Hugonis de Courtenay, Henrico filio Willielmi de Tracy"[137].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Willelmus de Traci" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][138].  "Lucia de Moon […terre de Moon]…Will de Traceio…versus Oliv de Traceio" all paid rent in "Ballia Constancien" in Normandy, dated 1203[139]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          HENRY de Tracy .  Stapleton records that "Henry de Traci, son of William de Traci" donated "land of Cnutesbury…Leoford…and all the right in the land of Cliftwich which had been the marriage portion of his mother" to the church of St Mary of Ford, undated[140]

 

 

B.      TRACY of TODDINGTON, GLOUCESTERSHIRE

 

 

WILLIAM de Tracy of Toddington, Gloucestershire, son of JOHN de Sudeley Lord of Sudely Castle & his wife Grace de Tracy (-after [1192]).  "Willelmus de Traceio" confirmed the donation of "Thanewordam villam meam" {Yaneworthe} to Gloucester St Peter made by "Radulfus de Suthleia frater meus", and with the consent of "Radulfo fratre meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Henricus de Traceio…"[141]Frank Barlow comments that "William [de Tracy], the second son of John de Sudeley", whom he identifies as one of the murderers of Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury, "chose to take his name from the family of his mother, Grace daughter and heir of William (I) de Tracy, lord of Bradninch in Devon and illegitimate son of King Henry I"[142].  Professor Nicholas Vincent argues convincingly that William de Tracy of Toddington could not have been the same person as the murderer William de Tracy (shown in Part A of the present chapter), highlighting that the former is named in sources after the banishment of the latter[143].  "William de Tracy of Toddington…with his son Henry" witnessed a charter, dated to [1171/75], which records a donation to Winchcombe abbey[144]Henry II King of England confirmed donations to the abbey of Saint-Lo, Coutances, including “the gift of William de Tracy the tithe of his mills of Humeel", by charter dated to [1184/87][145]"William de Tracy of Toddington" witnessed a charter of "Otuel de Sudeley" dated to [1192/98][146]

m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known. 

William & his wife had one child: 

1.         HENRY de Tracy"William de Tracy of Toddington…with his son Henry" witnessed a charter, dated to [1171/75], which records a donation to Winchcombe abbey[147]"Willelmus de Traceio" confirmed the donation of "Thanewordam villam meam" {Yaneworthe} to Gloucester St Peter made by "Radulfus de Suthleia frater meus", and with the consent of "Radulfo fratre meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Henricus de Traceio…"[148]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Tracy, of Toddington (-before 1226).  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY Tracy, of Toddington .  "Henrico de Traci…" witnessed the charter dated to [1213/28] under which "Willelmus de Diglesdune" donated "terre in Quentone" to Eynsham abbey[149].  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1226, by the king against "abbatem de Forda" for "ecclesiam de Lintona…advocacionem" which notes the death of "Willelmus de Tracy" and the inheritance by "Henricus de Tracy filius suus"[150]m ---.  He was ancestor of Henry Tracy 8th Viscount Tracy who died in 1797[151]

 

 

 

TRESGOZ

 

 

Loyd suggests that the name Tresgoz comes from Troisgots, located in the canton of Tessy-sur-Vire, arrondissement Saint-Lô, in the present-day French département of Manche[152]

 

 

A.      TRESGOZ of ESSEX

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [I] de Tresgoz (-[1150]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Tresgoz" in Essex and Norfolk[153].  “…Willielmus Tresgat…” witnessed the undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, under which "Radulfus filius Briani et Emma uxor suus" founded Bresethe Priory in Suffolk[154]

 

2.         GEOFFREY de Tresgoz .  “Willielmus Martel et Albreda uxor eius et Gaufridus Martel filius eius” donated “manerium suum de Snape et de Aldeburc” to Colchester monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "…Gaufridus Tresgoz…"[155]

 

 

Brother and sister: 

1.         GEOFFREY de Tresgoz (-before 1185).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridi de Tresgoz i militem" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1171/72][156]m firstly AGNES de Valoignes, daughter of WALTER de Valoignes of Berneye & his wife ---.  m secondly AMABILIS de Gresley, son of ROBERT de Gresley & his wife --- (-before 1185).  Her family origin is indicated by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records [her son] “Simon Tresgoz filius Gaufridi de Tresgoz…nepos Roberti de Gresley” under the guardianship of "Roberti de Luci"[157].  Geoffrey & his first wife had two children: 

a)         AGNES de Tresgoz (-after 1197).  "Geoffrey de Nerford and Agnes Tregoz" claimed against "Ralph Travers and Petronilla de Tregoz his wife" relating to land "Lawingeham…Bernei…in Norfolk and…Frienton…in Essex…", the land ordered to be divided "between the two sisters", dated [1197/98][158]m GEOFFREY de Nerford, son of ---. 

b)         PETRONILLA de Tresgoz (-after 1197).  "Geoffrey de Nerford and Agnes Tregoz" claimed against "Ralph Travers and Petronilla de Tregoz his wife" relating to land "Lawingeham…Bernei…in Norfolk and…Frienton…in Essex…", the land ordered to be divided "between the two sisters", dated [1197/98][159].  m RALPH Travers, son of ---. 

Geoffrey & his second wife had two children: 

c)         WILLIAM [III] de Tresgoz ([1167/68]-after [1210/12]).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus filius Galfridi de Tresgoz”, 17 years old, under the guardianship of "Roberti de Luci" whose daughter he had married, with land "de honore Peverelli…terra…de Toleshunt"[160].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus de Tresgoz" paying "xv s, i militem et dimidium" in Norfolk, Suffolk[161].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus de Tresgoz…pro fine terre patris sui" in Essex & Hertfordshire[162].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de Tregoz" holding two knights’ fees, one half and eight parts, "de honore Peverelli de Londonia" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][163]m (1185 or before) --- de Lucy, daughter of ROBERT de Lucy & his wife ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus filius Galfridi de Tresgoz”, 17 years old, under the guardianship of "Roberti de Luci" whose daughter he had married, with land "de honore Peverelli…terra…de Toleshunt"[164].  William [III] & his wife had one child: 

i)          GEOFFREY de Tresgoz (-after 1226).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Essex, dated 1219, which includes "Gaufridus filius Willelmi Tregoz debet esse in custodia domini regis et Stephanus Haring habet illum...de honore Peverelli"[165].  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1226, by "Gaufridus de Tresgoz" against "Johannem de Bretona" for land "in Legha", the defendant claiming that "Gaufridi avi predicti Gaufridi" donated "villam de Legha" to "Alano filio Henrici", while the plaintiff claimed that "Willelmus Tregoz pater suus" died seised of the land which was held by "Stephanus Harengod custos eiusdem Gaufridi dum fuit infra etatem"[166]

d)         SIMON de Tresgoz .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Simon Tresgoz filius Gaufridi de Tresgoz…nepos Roberti de Gresley” under the guardianship of "Roberti de Luci"[167]

2.         ALBREDA de Tresgoz (-after 1155).  Bigelow summarises a lawsuit brought by "Ricardus de Aneste" relating to the inheritance of "Willielmi [de Sackville] avunculi mei", recording that the latter had been betrothed to "Gaufridum de Tresgos…Albredam sororem eius", that he married "Adeliza daughter of vicecomes Aufred", that the Pope declared that second marriage void because the earlier betrothal agreement with Albreda had constituted a marriage, and that William had returned to live with his first wife until he died[168]m firstly (repudiated) as his first wife, WILLIAM de Sackville, son of ---.  m secondly (before 1155) ROBERT de Beseville, son of ---. 

 

 

3.         WILLIAM [II] de Tresgoz (-after [1172]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Willelmus de Tresgoz" with one knight and one half "in baillia Galfridi de Bleville, de Caleto"[169]

 

 

B.      TRESGOZ of HEREFORDSHIRE

 

 

1.         ROBERT [I] de Tresgoz (-[1213/14]).  "…Roberto de Tresgoz" subscribed the charter dated to [1181/89] under which Henry II King of England granted land to "Waltero ostiario de Camera"[170].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "feoda Huberti de Rya" paying "xvii l x s, per Robertum de Tresgoz, xxxv milites" in Norfolk, Suffolk[171].  This suggests a close family relationship between the two individuals, although this has not yet been traced.  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Roberto de Tresgoz c s in Martinesgraua de dimidio anno" in honour of Arundel[172].  "Nigell Pincebec et Alic uxor eius" paid a fine for "custodia terre et heredis Walt Biset vs Rob de Tresgoz et Sibill ux eius", in Herefordshire, dated 1204[173].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Tresgoz" holding "Alingetone" in Wiltshire, and 19 in Hereford, in [1210/12][174].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Robertus de Tresgoz" held "feodum ii militum in Septon de honore de Ewias" in Hampshire[175].  m as her first husband, SIBYLLA de Ewias, daughter of ROBERT de Ewias & his wife Petronilla --- (-before 1 Jul 1236).  She married secondly (after [1213/14]) Roger [I] Clifford of Tenbury.  “Rogerus de Clifford” requested burial at Dore abbey, Herefordshire, with the consent of "Sibillæ uxoris meæ", next to "filium suum", by undated charter, witnessed by "Ricardo de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewyas seniore, Willielmo de Ewyas juniore, filio Sibillæ"[176].  "Domina Sibilla de Ewyas filia Roberti de Ewyas" donated her mill at Ethon to Acornbury priory, Herefordshire by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Waltero de Lacy, domino Rogero de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewias…Roberto Tregoz et fratribus suis"[177].  Robert [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT [II] de Tresgoz (-before 24 Sep 1268).  The Fine Rolls record the homage of “Robti Tresgoz fil et hered Sybil de Ewyas” 1 Jul 1236[178].  “Robert Tregoz the younger” donated “the whole fosse which is between the land which belonged to Walter de Welynton and the water which is called Duneleis” to Ewias Priory by charter dated to [1235/65] witnessed by “William my brother...[179]m (before 1 Aug 1245) JULIANE de Cauntelo, daughter of WILLIAM de Cauntelo & his wife Melisende de Gournay (-after 1282).  “Richard de Ewias son of John de Ewias” granted certain rents in Foy to “Juliana de Tregoz widow of Robert de Tregoz” by charter dated to [1265/85][180].  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" wrote to "son frère St Thomas de Cantlow, Euesque…de Hereford" and names her son "John Tresgoos" married "la reyne Blanch" [widow of Louis VIII King of France, such a second marriage being impossible chronologically] and had "un fils…Hugh…nostre ayle", who married "la soer le count Renaud de Boloyng", whose daughter "Milsent nostre mere" married "a Count de Euoyse en Normandy" by whom she had one son and one daughter, before marrying "Will de Cantelow nostre pere"[181].  Robert [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN de Tresgoz (-before 6 Sep 1300).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" wrote to "son frère St Thomas de Cantlow, Euesque…de Hereford" and names her son "John Tresgoos" married "la reyne Blanch" [widow of Louis VIII King of France, such a second marriage being impossible chronologically] and had "un fils…Hugh…nostre ayle", who married "la soer le count Renaud de Boloyng", whose daughter "Milsent nostre mere" married "a Count de Euoyse en Normandy" by whom she had one son and one daughter, before marrying "Will de Cantelow nostre pere"[182].  He was summoned to parliament in 1297 whereby he is held to have become Lord Tresgoz.  A writ dated 6 Sep "28 Edw I", after the death of "John Tregoz alias de Tregoz", names "John la Warre his grandson (nepos) […aged 24, son of Clarice la Warre his eldest daughter who is dead…married to Roger la War] and Sibyl the wife of William de Grauntcoun (alias de Grandissono) his […younger] daughter […aged 30 and more] both aged 21 and more are his next heirs"[183]m firstly as her second husband, MABEL, widow of WILLIAM de Crèvecœur, daughter of FULK [IV] FitzWarin & his [first/second] wife [--- de Clifford/Constance de Tosny] (-before 24 May 1297).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" records that her son "John Tresgoos" married "Mabill file a noble…chevalier Foulk Fitz-Warren qui avoit a feme le soer Sr Rog de Clifford"[184].  It is suggested that the last reference to Mabel’s mother as a member of the Clifford family represents an error.  If it is correct, John de Tresgoz and his wife would have been very closely related, presumably first cousins, as Roger [II] de Clifford and John de Tresgoz’s father were uterine brothers.  From a chronological point of view, it is likely that Mabel was the daughter of Fulk FitzWarin [IV], whose recorded wife was Constance de Tosny, although it is possible that she was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage to a member of the Clifford family.  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her and they gave the manor to William their son and heir in free marriage with the said Mabel.  This William died without heir of his body", names as heirs of "[the said Maud] Juliana daughter of John son of Agnes one of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 23 and more, John de Lenham son of Iseut the second of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 60 and more"[185]m secondly as her first husband, JOAN de Cokefield, daughter of ADAM de Cokefield of Feltwell, Norfolk and Moulton, Suffolk & his wife Joan --- (-before 7 Apr 1354).  She married secondly (before 28 Feb 1301) Laurence de Hameldene, and thirdly ([1313/14] or before) William de Beauchamp.  John & his first wife had two children: 

(a)       CLARISSA de Tresgoz (-[Apr 1289/6 Sep 1300]).  "Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" names "Clarissa" as the elder daughter of "John Tresgoos" and his wife, adding that she married "Sr Roger la Ware"[186].  A writ dated 6 Sep "28 Edw I", after the death of "John Tregoz alias de Tregoz", names "John la Warre his grandson (nepos) […aged 24, son of Clarice la Warre his eldest daughter who is dead…married to Roger la War] and Sibyl the wife of William de Grauntcoun (alias de Grandissono) his […younger] daughter […aged 30 and more] both aged 21 and more are his next heirs"[187]m (Sep 1276 or before) ROGER la Warre, son of JOHN la Warre & his wife Olimpia de Fokington (-20 Jun 1320).  He was summoned to parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord La Warre. 

(b)       SIBYLLA de Tresgoz ([before 1270]-21 Oct 1334, bur Dore Abbey)"Dame Julian Tresgoze…espouse…a Sr Robert Tresgoos le Second" names "Sibill" as the second daughter of "John Tresgoos" and his wife, adding that she married "Sr Will de Grantson chivaller de Burgon"[188].  A writ dated 6 Sep "28 Edw I", after the death of "John Tregoz alias de Tregoz", names "John la Warre his grandson (nepos) […aged 24, son of Clarice la Warre his eldest daughter who is dead…married to Roger la War] and Sibyl the wife of William de Grauntcoun (alias de Grandissono) his […younger] daughter […aged 30 and more] both aged 21 and more are his next heirs"[189]m ([1285]) as his second wife, GUILLAUME de Grandson, son of PIERRE Seigneur de Grandson & his wife Agnes de Neuchâtel (-27 Jun 1335).  He was summoned to the English parliament from 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Grandson [Grandison][190]

ii)         --- de Tresgoz .  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1265/1300] under which [his son] “John Tregoz” donated “a certain road leading from my garden, which I had from John Tregoz my uncle, to the Street which is called Vriogis-strete” to Ewias Priory[191]m ---.  One child: 

(a)       JOHN Tregoz .  “John Tregoz” donated “a certain road leading from my garden, which I had from John Tregoz my uncle, to the Street which is called Vriogis-strete” to Ewias Priory by charter dated to [1265/1300][192]

b)         JOHN de Tresgoz (-before 1235).  Bannister names John as second son of Robert [I] de Tresgoz, adding that he died before 1235, but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[193]

c)         WILLIAM de Tresgoz .  “Rogerus de Clifford” requested burial at Dore abbey, Herefordshire, with the consent of "Sibillæ uxoris meæ", next to "filium suum", by undated charter, witnessed by "Ricardo de Clifford, Willielmo de Ewyas seniore, Willielmo de Ewyas juniore, filio Sibillæ"[194].  “Robert Tregoz the younger” donated “the whole fosse which is between the land which belonged to Walter de Welynton and the water which is called Duneleis” to Ewias Priory by charter dated to [1235/65] witnessed by “William my brother...[195].  Bannister states that William became rector of Kentchurch, but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[196]

 

 

C.      TRESGOZ of GORING, SUSSEX

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Tresgoz (-after [1135/38]).  “...Roberto Tresgod...” witnessed the undated charter (presumably dated to before the donor’s second marriage) under which “Aelidis filia Godefridi ducis Lotharingie qui fui uxor...regis Anglie Henrici” donated land “apud Hansberge...Stantonam manerium” to Oseney St. Mary, recorded by inspeximus dated 28 Feb 1320[197]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         JOHN de Tresgoz (-[1194]).  “…Johannes Treisgoz, Philippus Treisgoz…" witnessed the charter dated 2 Feb 1158 under which "William earl of Arundel” donated "the church of St Lo of Ansleville" to Montebourg abbey[198].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Johannes de Tresgoz et Philippus iii m et dimidiam" in Sussex in [1167/68][199].  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[200]m (after 1166) as her second husband, AMICE, widow of PHILIP de Leyburn, daughter of ROBERT FitzGerold & his wife Alice ---.  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the confirmation of the donation of “lands of Waleton” made by "Amicia de Tregoz, daughter of Robert Fitzgerald and Alice his wife, sister of Alexander, and wife first of Philip de Leyburn and then of John de Tregoz" and confirmed by "Robert de Leyborn [her son]"[201].  John & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHN de Tresgoz (-[1197]).  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[202]

b)         HENRY de Tresgoz .  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[203]

c)         THOMAS de Tresgoz .  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[204]

2.         PHILIP de Tresgoz (-after 8 Apr 1195).  “…Johannes Treisgoz, Philippus Treisgoz…" witnessed the charter dated 2 Feb 1158 under which "William earl of Arundel” donated "the church of St Lo of Ansleville" to Montebourg abbey[205].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Johannes de Tresgoz et Philippus iii m et dimidiam" in Sussex in [1167/68][206].  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[207].  “Philippo de Tresgoz et Willielmo filio eius...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Robertus de Sancto Johanne” donated land “in Walborgetune” to Boxgrove priory[208].  “Philippo de Tresgoz, Richardo filio suo...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Willielmus de Sancto Johanne filius et heres Adæ de Port” confirmed donations to Boxgrove priory made by tenants “in honore Hannaci[209]m EMMA, daughter of ---.  A charter of Philip de Tresgoz names “his wife Emma and William his son and heir[210].  Philip & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Tresgoz .  “Philippo de Tresgoz et Willielmo filio eius...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Robertus de Sancto Johanne” donated land “in Walborgetune” to Boxgrove priory[211].  A charter of Philip de Tresgoz names “his wife Emma and William his son and heir[212]

b)         RICHARD de Tresgoz .  “Philippo de Tresgoz, Richardo filio suo...” witnessed the undated charter under which “Willielmus de Sancto Johanne filius et heres Adæ de Port” confirmed donations to Boxgrove priory made by tenants “in honore Hannaci[213]

 

 

1.         WALTER de Tresgoz (-after 8 Apr 1195).  A charter dated 8 Apr 1195 records agreements between Fécamp and “John de Tresgoz" made in 1164, relating to woods at Dureshurst, Perregate and Brunnesburi, and the settlement of further disputes which arose after his death between "his son John” with the agreement of "his brothers Henry and Thomas", with "Philip his uncle" as guarantor, witnessed "ex parte Johannis: Henricus et Thomas fratres sui, Philippus de Tresgoz…Walterus de Tresgoz…"[214]

 

 

 

TRUSSEBUT

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [I] Trussebutm ---.  William [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM [II] Trussebut (-[1175/76])m ALBREDA de Harcourt, daughter of [IVO] de Harcourt & his wife Rohese Peverel ([1134/35]-before 1205).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[215].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Roysia" as second of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that "de illa processit Albreda de Harecurt" who was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede", and three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha"[216].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Alberia de Harwecurt…L annorum…iv filios” and her land “in Branteston…maritagium suum[217].  "Hillaria Trussebut" paid a fine for "terra de Branteston q fuit Albréé de Harecurt matris sue" in Northamptonshire, dated 1205[218].  William [II] & his wife had children: 

i)          GEOFFREY Trussebut (-before 1190).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[219].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[220]

ii)         ROHESE Trussebut ([1153/58]-[1194/29 Sep 1196]).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[221].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha", adding that Rohese was mother of "Robertus de Ros senior"[222]A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievall Abbey records that “Everardum de Roos” married “Rosam”, by whom he was father of “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan[223].  As the birth of Rohese’s son Robert de Ros is estimated to [1172/73], and her own mother’s birth to [1134/35], it is suggested that Rohese must have been one of her parents’ oldest children.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Everardi de Ros que fuit filia Willelmi Trussebut…xxxv” and her land “in Strowestone”, adding that she had "ii filios, primogenitus est xiii annorum et terra eius est in custodia Ranulfi de Glanville"[224]m EVERARD de Ros, son of ROBERT de Ros & his [first wife ---] ([before 1141/44]-1183). 

iii)        ROGER Trussebut .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[225]

iv)       ROBERT Trussebut (-1193).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[226]

v)        WILLIAM Trussebut .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[227]

vi)       RICHARD Trussebut .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of "Galfridus Trussebut, Rogerus, Robertus, Willelmus et Ricardus Trussebut", all of whom died "sine herede"[228]

vii)      HILARIA Trussebut (-12 Apr 1241).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[229].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha"[230].  "Hillaria Trussebut" paid a fine for "terra de Branteston q fuit Albréé de Harecurt matris sue" in Northamptonshire, dated 1205[231].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Lincoln, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Hiraria Trussebut est de donacione domini regis; terra sua apud Neuton valet xx.l"[232]m ROBERT de Boulers Lord of Montgomery, son of STEPHEN de Boulers Lord of Montgomery & his wife --- (-1203). 

viii)     AGATHA Trussebut (-1247).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[233].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha"[234].  "Willielmus de Albiniaco tertius" donated "ecclesiam de Redmelina" to Belvoir monastery, Lincolnshire, for the souls of "Agayjæ uxoris meæ et…Margeriæ quondam uxoris meæ", by undated charter witnessed by "Willielmo de Albineio quarto, Odinello, Roberto et Nicholao filiis meis"[235]m firstly HAIMO de Wolverton, son of --- (-[1196/98]).  m secondly as his second wife, WILLIAM [III] de Albini Brito, son of WILLIAM [II] de Albini Brito & his wife Matilda de Senlis (-1236). 

 

 

 

VALOIGNES

 

 

[Two] siblings: 

1.         PIERRE de Valoignes (-[1121/29]).  Domesday Book records “Peter de Valognes” with numerous land-holdings in Hertfordshire; several properties in Essex; numerous properties in Norfolk[236].  Domesday Book records that “Peter de Valognes and Ralph Taillebois” took Welbury in Hertfordshire from "Ilbert [who] put it in his manor of Lilley while he was sheriff"[237].  This joint action suggests a family relationship between Pierre de Valoignes and Ralph Taillebois.  "…Petrum de Valloniis…" witnessed the charter under which William I King of England confirmed the rights of Ely abbey[238]"…Petri de Valoniis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1093/97] under which William II King of England founded Bermondsey abbey[239].  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, for the salvation of “Henrici regis domini mei et Matildis reginæ uxoris suæ..Albreda uxore mea et Eudone fratre suo et Rohaysia uxore…”, by charter dated to [1102/18][240].  An undated charter records an agreement in 1108 between “Herebertum episcopum” and “Petrum de Valoniis" relating to Binham which was witnessed by "…Walt. de Valoniis…"[241].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation to Binham priory by "Petrus de Valoniis…et Rogerius filius eius et…Robertus" by charter dated to [1121/29][242]m ALBREDA, daughter of ---.  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, for the salvation of “Henrici regis domini mei et Matildis reginæ uxoris suæ..Albreda uxore mea et Eudone fratre suo et Rohaysia uxore…”, by charter dated to [1102/18][243].  Pierre & his wife had four children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Valoignes .  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, by charter dated to [1102/18][244].  Presumably William predeceased his father and died before the date of the charter of King Henry I which confirmed the donation, dated to [1121/29] (see above). 

b)         ROGER de Valoignes (-[1141/42]).  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, by charter dated to [1102/18][245]

-        see below

c)         MURIEL de Valoignes .  Muriel wife of Hubert de Munchensy donated land at Rushworth to Thetford abbey on making her son Hugh a monk there, confirmed by her sons "William de Bachetone and Roger de Munchensy, her brother Roger de Valoignes and his son Piers", by undated charter[246]m firstly --- de Backton, son of ---.  m secondly as his second wife, HUBERT de Munchensy, son of --- (-before 1120).  Muriel & her first husband had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM de Backton .  The bishop of Norwich confirmed an agreement between "Willliam of Bacton and his uncle Roger de Valonges" concerning land at Bacton and a fee held from the church of Norwich by charter dated to [1121/35][247].  Muriel wife of Hubert de Munchensy donated land at Rushworth to Thetford abbey on making her son Hugh a monk there, confirmed by her sons "William de Bachetone and Roger de Munchensy, her brother Roger de Valoignes and his son Piers", by undated charter[248]

d)         daughter .  m ALURED, son of ---.  Two children: 

i)          ADAM .  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis, Ricardus de Chalua, Robertus dapifer, Adam filius Aluredi, Fulqui de Munpinchun...[249].  “Adam filius Alueredi” donated land “in villa de Ingaldesthorp” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee” and for the souls of “Petri de Valoniis avi mei et Rogeri de Valoniis filii eius avunculi mei et Petri junioris cognati mei”, in the presence of “domina Beccha uxore mea et Rogero fratre meo”, by undated charter[250]m BECCHA, daughter of ---.  “Adam filius Alueredi” donated land “in villa de Ingaldesthorp” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee” and for the souls of “Petri de Valoniis avi mei et Rogeri de Valoniis filii eius avunculi mei et Petri junioris cognati mei”, in the presence of “domina Beccha uxore mea et Rogero fratre meo”, by undated charter[251]

ii)         ROGER .  “Adam filius Alueredi” donated land “in villa de Ingaldesthorp” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee” and for the souls of “Petri de Valoniis avi mei et Rogeri de Valoniis filii eius avunculi mei et Petri junioris cognati mei”, in the presence of “domina Beccha uxore mea et Rogero fratre meo”, by undated charter[252]

2.         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         WALTER .  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, by charter dated to [1102/18][253]same person as…?  WALTER de Valoignes (-after [1121/29]).  An undated charter records an agreement in 1108 between “Herebertum episcopum” and “Petrum de Valoniis" relating to Binham which was witnessed by "…Walt. de Valoniis…"[254]Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[255].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[256].  King Stephen confirmed the donation of land at Barney, Norfolk to Binham Priory by "Walt[erus] de Valoniis…concessu Rogeri de Valon[iis]" by charter dated to [1145/50][257].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the donation of “Berneyam cum terra de Thursford” made to Binham priory by “Walterum de Valoniis cognatum meum antequam monachus fieret”, in the presence of “Rohaisie uxoris sue...Agnetem filiam suam...heres”, by undated charter[258]m ROHESE, daughter of ---.  “Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[259].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the donation of “Berneyam cum terra de Thursford” made to Binham priory by “Walterum de Valoniis cognatum meum antequam monachus fieret”, in the presence of “Rohaisie uxoris sue...Agnetem filiam suam...heres”, by undated charter[260].  Walter & his wife had [three or more] children: 

i)          EUDES de Valoignes .  “Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[261].  It is uncertain from this document whether Eudes de Valoignes was deceased at the time.  Walter’s daughter Agnes is specified as his heir, but Eudes is not included among those for whose souls/salvation the donation was made.  It is possible that Eudes had been disinherited by his father but was still alive. 

ii)         AGNES de Valoignes .  “Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[262].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the donation of “Berneyam cum terra de Thursford” made to Binham priory by “Walterum de Valoniis cognatum meum antequam monachus fieret”, in the presence of “Rohaisie uxoris sue...Agnetem filiam suam...heres”, by undated charter[263]m as his first wife, GEOFFREY de Tresgoz, son of --- (-before 1185). 

iii)        daughter(s) .  “Walterus de Valoniis” donated land “in Londoniis Siredes...et duas domos juxta Tamisiam...et...terram vultra le Fliete...quam Hugo filius Ulgeri tenebat de me et de Eudone filio meo” to Binham priory, with the consent of “Rahesie conjugis mee et Agnetis filie mee heredis mee”, for the soul of “Petri de Valoniis” and for the salvation of “Rogeri de Valoniis et Agnetis uxoris sue et filiorum eorum et pro me ipso et uxore mea et filiabus meis”, by undated charter[264]

 

 

1.         THEOBALD de Valoignesm ---.  The name of Theobald’s wife is not known.  Theobald & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         BERTHA de Valoignes .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rannulfus de Glanuile et uxor eius Berta, Matillis, Amabilis, Helewisa, Mabilia, filiæ eorum…"[265].  An undated manuscript records that “Ranulphus de Glanville quondam justiciarius Angliæ et fundator domus de Buttele” was born “in villa de Stratford” and married “Bertam filiam domini Theobaldi de Valoniis senioris domini de Perham”, who granted “terram de Brochous...in libero maritagio[266]Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[267]Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[268]m RANULF de Glanville, son of HERVE [I] de Glanville & his wife --- (-1190). 

b)         [MATILDA .  No primary source has been identified which confirms that Matilda was the daughter of Theobald de Valoignes.  However, the following charter indicates close connections between the Walter, Valoignes and Glanville families which appear best explained if Matilda was the sister of Bertha, wife of Ranulf de Glanville.  “Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[269].]  m HERVE Walter, son of ---.  Hervé & his wife had five children: 

i)          THEOBALD Walter (-[4 Aug 1205/14 Feb 1206]).  The Complete Peerage records Theobald Walter as “s. and h. of Hervey Walter of West Dereham, Norfolk...by Maud da. and coh. of Theobald de Valoignes” but does not cite the primary source on which this statement is based[270]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...Teobaldo Walteri...Rogero Walteri...[271]

-         EARLS of ORMOND (WALTER/BUTLER)

ii)         HUBERT Walter (-13 Jul 1205).  Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[272].  Archbishop of Canterbury 1193.  Chancellor 1199. 

iii)        WALTER WalterHerveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[273]

iv)       ROGER WalterHerveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[274]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...Teobaldo Walteri...Rogero Walteri...[275]

v)        HAMON WalterHerveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[276]

 

 

Assuming that the hypothesis is correct, as explained above, that Matilda wife of Hervé Walter was the daughter of Theobald de Valoignes, William and Robert de Valoignes who are shown below must have been closely connected with the same family given that they are named together in the same documents.  It is possible that they were the same persons as other individuals of the same names who are shown elsewhere in the present chapter. 

 

1.         WILLIAM de ValoignesHerveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[277]Ranulfus de Glamvilla” founded Leiston abbey, Suffolk by undated charter, witnessed by “...Willielmo de Valeines, Radulfo Murdac...[278]

 

2.         ROBERT de Valoignes"Rodbto de Valein, Hervico de Glavil, Randulfo de Glavil filio ei, Rogero de Glav, Rodbto filii ei, Will de Glav…Hosbto de Glavil, Reginaldo de Glav…" witnessed the charter dated to [1150] under which "Bartoloms de Glavilla" confirmed the grants to Bactun/Bromholme monastery, Norfolk by "patris meis Willm de Glavill"[279].  “Herveus Walterus” donated “feodum meum in Wyngefeild...in Sikebroc...in Istede...” to Butley priory, Suffolk, for the souls of “meæ et Matildis sponsæ meæ et filiorum nostrorum...Ranulfi de Glanvil et Bertæ sponsæ et filiorum suorum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Willielmo de Albervilla, Willielmo de Valoniis, Roberto de Valoniis...Willelmo de Glanvilla clerico et filiis meis Huberto, Waltero et Rogero et Hamone[280].  It is not known whether these two documents both refer to the same Robert de Valoignes. 

 

 

1.         RUALLON [Roland] de Valoignes (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Rualo de Valoines, iii milites et dimidium cum Godseldo" among those providing military service for William Earl of Gloucester in Kent[281]

 

2.         WILLIAM de Valoignesm ALICE de Cokefield, daughter of --- de Cokefield & his wife ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1225, by "Willelmus Talesmasche et Alicia uxor eius" against "Widonem de Verdun et Aliciam uxorem eius" for a fee "in Hecham", the defendants claiming that "Robertus de Cokefeldia frater…Sabina […antecessor Willelmi et Alicia]" had granted the land "in maritagium Willelmo de Valeines cum Alicia sorore sua", that it passed to "Ade […filium Roberti filii Umfridi] filii predicte Sabine" who owed allegiance to them[282]

 

 

ROGER de Valoignes, son of PIERRE de Valoignes & his wife Alberade --- (-[1141/42]).  “Petrus de Valoniis et Albreda uxor mea” founded Binham in Norfolk, with the consent of “filiis meis Willielmo et Rogerio…nepotis mei Walteri”, by charter dated to [1102/18][283].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation to Binham priory by "Petrus de Valoniis…et Rogerius filius eius et…Robertus" by charter dated to [1121/29][284].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of land "in Walsingham" to Binham Priory by "Rogerius de Valoines" by charter dated to [1108/29][285].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rogo de Valon" in Hertfordshire[286].  Empress Matilda granted property to "Rogero de Valoniis" by undated charter[287].  The bishop of Norwich confirmed an agreement between "Willliam of Bacton and his uncle Roger de Valonges" concerning land at Bacton and a fee held from the church of Norwich by charter dated to [1121/35][288].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[289].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis, Ricardus de Chalua, Robertus dapifer, Adam filius Aluredi, Fulqui de Munpinchun...[290]

m AGNES, daughter of JOHN & his wife --- ([1125]-after 1185).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[291].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[292].  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[293].  “Robertus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus de Valoniis avus meus et Rogerus pater meus et Petrus de Valoniis frater meus et domina Agnes mater mea”, with the advice of "dominæ Agnetis matris meæ et Hadæwisæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[294].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Hortfurdburia et Hochwelle” held by “Agnes de Valeines…l annorum”, property “Hecham et Leic” held by “Agnes de Valuines…plusquam lx annorum”, and “Redefelde” held by “Agnes de Valuines…soror Pagani filii Johannis” adding that her heir is “filia eius et heres data est Durando de Ostili[295].  The Complete Peerage says that her age suggests that she may have been the daughter of a second marriage[296]

Roger & his wife had [eight or more] children:   

1.         PETER de Valoignes (-1158).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[297].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[298].  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] naming "…Petrus de Valon`" among her supporters[299].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[300].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Peter married "Gundredam de Waranna" but died without heirs[301]m as her first husband, GUNDRED de Warenne, daughter of RAINALD de Warenne & his wife Alice de Wormgay (-before 6 Nov 1224).  “Gundreda de Warrenna” donated “juris...in ecclesia de Dersingham” to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei Petri de Valoniis...”, by undated charter[302].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gundrea quæ fuit uxor Petri de Valoniis" held one knight’s fee from "Roberti de Valoine" in Essex[303].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Peter married "Gundredam de Waranna" but died without heirs[304].  She married secondly William de Courcy, and thirdly Geoffroy Hose.  An order dated 6 Dec 1224 required the confiscation of "the vill of Newnham that Gundrea de Warenne held in dower, which is an inheritance partible between Joan wife of Hugh de Neville, and Margaret wife of Falkes de Bréauté", with savings for "the executors of the testament of the same Gundrea"[305]

2.         ROBERT de Valoignes (-1184).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[306].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[307].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[308].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights’ fees held from "Roberti de Valoine" in Essex[309].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridus de Valoniis ii m, Robertus de Valoniis xx l iv s v d" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1167/68][310].  “Robertus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus de Valoniis avus meus et Rogerus pater meus et Petrus de Valoniis frater meus et domina Agnes mater mea”, with the advice of "dominæ Agnetis matris meæ et Hadæwisæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[311].  “Robertus de Valoniis” donated “jus advocacionis ecclesie de Westeleya” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et Athenize uxoris mee et Gunore filie mee”, by undated charter[312].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Robert was father of "Gunora mater predicte Cristiane"[313]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  “Robertus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus de Valoniis avus meus et Rogerus pater meus et Petrus de Valoniis frater meus et domina Agnes mater mea”, with the advice of "dominæ Agnetis matris meæ et Hadæwisæ uxoris meæ", by undated charter[314].  “Robertus de Valoniis” donated “jus advocacionis ecclesie de Westeleya” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et Athenize uxoris mee et Gunore filie mee”, by undated charter[315].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUNNOR de Valoignes (-after 1208).  “Robertus de Valoniis” donated “jus advocacionis ecclesie de Westeleya” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et Athenize uxoris mee et Gunore filie mee”, by undated charter[316].  “Durandus de Steill camerarius domini regis et Gunnora de Valoniis uxor eius” confirmed donations made to Binham priory by “Rogerus de Valoniis” by undated charter[317].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “Hortfurdburia et Hochwelle” held by her paternal grandmother “Agnes de Valeines…l annorum”, property “Hecham et Leic” held by “Agnes de Valuines…plusquam lx annorum”, and “Redefelde” held by “Agnes de Valuines…soror Pagani filii Johannis” adding that her heir is “filia eius et heres data est Durando de Ostili[318].  Round suggests that "filia eius" in this passage is an error for "neptis eius", as Gunnor was the senior heiress of her grandmother as only daughter of the latter’s second surviving son, and pointing out that "Durandus de Osteilli" paid scutage in Essex/Hertfordshire of £15/3/4 in the Pipe Roll 1190, equivalent to the 30 and one third knights’ fees on which the barony of Valoignes paid had paid in 1166, and on which "Gunnore de Valoniis" paid in 1194[319].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "Gunnore de Valoniis" paid "xx s, i militem" in Norfolk, Suffolk, and also paid in Essex, Hertfordshire[320].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Gunnore de Valoniis" paying "xxx l, xxx milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[321].  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Robert was father of "Gunora mater predicte Cristiane"[322].  "Rob fil Walteri et Gunnor ux eius" paid a fine for the inheritance of "Gaufri de Valon avunculi ipsius Gunnor", dated 1208[323]m firstly (before 1185) DURAND de Ostill, son of --- (-[1191/94]).  m secondly (after 1194) as his first wife, ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter, Essex, son of WALTER FitzRobert & his first wife Matilda de Lucy (-9 Dec 1235, Dunmow Priory). 

3.         GEOFFROY de Valoignes (-before 1208).  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[324].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[325].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[326].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record knights’ fees held from "Galfridus de Valoniis" in Essex[327].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridus de Valoniis ii m, Robertus de Valoniis xx l iv s v d" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1167/68][328].  "Rob fil Walteri et Gunnor ux eius" paid a fine for the inheritance of "Gaufri de Valonavunculi ipsius Gunnor", dated 1208[329].  "Philipp de Valon" paid a fine for "saisina de terra de Burton et aliis terris e fuerunt Gaufr de Valon fratris sui", excepting what was owed to "Emma quondam ux eiusdem Gaufr…in dote", dated 1208[330]m EMMA, daughter of --- (-after 1208).  "Philipp de Valon" paid a fine for "saisina de terra de Burton et aliis terris e fuerunt Gaufr de Valon fratris sui", excepting what was owed to "Emma quondam ux eiusdem Gaufr…in dote", dated 1208[331]

4.         JOHN de Valoignes .  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[332].  “Rogerus de Valoniis” confirmed the foundation of Binham monastery by “patris mei Petri de Valoniis”, by undated charter, probably dated to after 1135, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis uxor mea, Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes filii mei…"[333].  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[334].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[335]

5.         ROGER de Valoignes .  “Rogerus de Valoniis” donated “ecclesiam de Dersingham...et medietatem ecclesie Sancti Petri de Magna Walsingham” to Binham priory, for the salvation of “mea et uxoris mee Agnetis”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Petrus et Robertus et Gaufridus et Johannes et Rogerus filii mei et Robertus de Chalua, Walterus de Valoniis...[336].  King Stephen confirmed the donation of land at Barney, Norfolk to Binham Priory by "Walt[erus] de Valoniis…concessu Rogeri de Valon[iis]" by charter dated to [1145/50][337].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[338].  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[339].  "…Philippo de Valoniis, Rogero de Valoniis…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland confirmed the freedoms of the priory of the Isle of May[340]

6.         PHILIP de Valoignes (-5 Nov 1215, bur Melrose Abbey).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Philip went to Scotland and was there father of "Willelmum de Valoynes qui fuit heres suus et de quo exierunt uxores predictorum Henrici et aliorum"[341].  “Petrus de Valoniis” confirmed donations to Binham monastery by “Petrus…de Valoniis avus meus et…pater meus Rogerus”, by undated charter dated to after 1154, witnessed by "Agnes de Valoniis, Robertus et Gaufredus et Rogerus et Johannes et Philippus de Valoniis…"[342].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Philippus de Valoniis" paying "xx s, ii milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[343].  "…Philippo de Valoniis, Rogero de Valoniis…" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland confirmed the freedoms of the priory of the Isle of May[344].  Chamberlain of Scotland[345].  "…Philippo de Valuniis…" subscribed the undated charter under which "Comes David frater regis Scottorum" founded Lindores Abbey[346].  "…Philippo de Valoniis camerario…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Jul (no year) under which William King of Scotland donated "totam terram de Strathylaf" to Kinloss[347].  "…David Olifard, Philippo de Valoniis camerario, Ricardo Cumyn" witnessed the undated charter under which William King of Scotland granted "unum plenarium tofftum" to Scone Abbey over its territories[348].  "Philipp de Valon" paid a fine for "saisina de terra de Burton et aliis terris e fuerunt Gaufr de Valon fratris sui", excepting what was owed to "Emma quondam ux eiusdem Gaufr…in dote", dated 1208[349]m firstly ---.  The name of Philip’s first wife is not known.  m secondly ---.  The name of Philip’s second wife is not known.  The fact of this second marriage is indicated by the chronology of the life of his daughter Sibylla, which shows that she was much younger than her brother William.  One possibility is that she was --- de Quincy, daughter of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester.  This is suggested by the order dated 3 Feb 1223 under which King Henry III delivered "to Roger de Quency...the ward of the land of Sibilla de Valeines in Torpenno...the custody of which pertains to Roger by reason of Eustace de Stuteville, son and heir of said Sibilla, being in ward of Roger[350].  Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester was the brother of the wife of William de Valoignes, older brother of Sibylla.  However, that relationship would not have justified his wardship of Sibylla’s minor son after she died.  Many examples have been noted of a father marrying, as his second wife, the sister of the wife of his son and this may be another such case.  Philip & his first wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Valoignes of Panmure, co. Forfar (-Kelso 1219, before 21 Jun, bur Melrose Abbey).  Bracton records an inquiry, dated 1234/35, whether "Cristiana de Mandevilla soror Walteri filii Roberti" was seised of part of land "in Dersingham", which descended to her "ex parte Gunnore matris sue" and was inherited by "Henricus de Bailloil et Lora uxor eius" because "idem Walterus non fuit frater predicte Cristiane nisi ex parte patris", noting that "tres fratres fuerunt…Petrus, Robertus, Philippus ex parte patris et matris", that Philip went to Scotland and was there father of "Willelmum de Valoynes qui fuit heres suus et de quo exierunt uxores predictorum Henrici et aliorum"[351].  "…Roll constabul, Philipp de Mubray, Willmo de Valloñ, Henr Biset, Thomas de Colville, Adam fil Herb, Ferg fratre Roll, Alexander de Finton" witnessed the charter dated 22 Sep (no year, but dated to after 1196) under which William King of Scotland confirmed the donation of "in territorio de Cliftun" to Melrose abbey made by "Walterus Corbet filius Walteri"[352].  Chamberlain of Scotland.  John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the death in 1219 of "Willelmus de Valoniis" and his burial "apud Melros in capitulo"[353]m LORETA de Quincy, daughter of SAHER de Quincy Earl of Winchester & his wife Margaret of Leicester.  The Complete Peerage names “Lorette m William de Valoynes of Panmure, co. Forfar, chamberlain of Scotland” as sister of Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester but does not cite the corresponding source[354].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   William & his wife had four children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Valoignes .  "Ysabella de Valloñ dña de Killebrid" donated "terre de Dalkarn" to the church of Glasgow, for the souls of "dñi DD Comyn mariti mei iam defuncti", by undated charter witnessed by "dño W. de Valloniis fratre meo, W. de Mortuo Mari decano…"[355]

ii)         LORETA de Valoignes (-after 25 May 1233).  "Henry de Balliol and Lora his wife, David Cumin and Isabel his wife, and Piers de Maudue and Christine his wife, had livery of the lands which Christine, late the wife of W. Earl of Maundeville had held from the king in chief" dated 25 May 1233[356]m (before 1233) HENRY de Balliol, son of [INGELRAN de Balliol & his wife ---] (-after 12 Feb 1246). 

iii)        ISABEL de Valoignes  (-before 17 Apr 1253).  "Henry de Balliol and Lora his wife, David Cumin and Isabel his wife, and Piers de Maudue and Christine his wife, had livery of the lands which Christine, late the wife of W. Earl of Maundeville had held from the king in chief" dated 25 May 1233[357].  "Ysabella de Valloñ dña de Killebrid" donated "terre de Dalkarn" to the church of Glasgow, for the souls of "dñi DD Comyn mariti mei iam defuncti", by undated charter witnessed by "dño W. de Valloniis fratre meo, W. de Mortuo Mari decano…"[358].  A writ dated 17 Apr "37 Hen III", after the death of "Isabel de Valoynes alias de Valoiniis" names "William Comin alias de Valoynes her son age variously stated as 16 and 17 is her heir"[359]m DAVID Comyn, son of WILLIAM Comyn Earl of Buchan & his first wife Sarah FitzHugh (-[1244/7 Aug 1247]). 

iv)       CHRISTINE de Valoignes (-after 1254).  "Henry de Balliol and Lora his wife, David Cumin and Isabel his wife, and Piers de Maudue and Christine his wife, had livery of the lands which Christine, late the wife of W. Earl of Maundeville had held from the king in chief" dated 25 May 1233[360].  “Alex. de Baliolo filius Henri de Balliol” confirmed the donation made by “domine Cristiane de Maunlea amite mee” of land “in villa de Dersingham in comitatu Northf[olcie]”, which he had inherited “post mortem domine Lore matris mee et Gydonis fratris mei”, to Binham Priory by charter dated 6 Apr 1272, witnessed by “...dno Henrico de Balliol...[361]m PETER de Maule, son of [RICHARD de Maule & his wife ---] (-after 1254). 

Philip & his second wife had [four] children: 

b)         SIBYLLA de Valoignes (-before 2 Feb 1223).  “Philippus de Valoniis” granted “villam de Torpenhon in maritagium” to “Roberto de Stutevill et Sibille filie mee” by undated charter[362].  "Sibilla de Valoinn" claimed from “Nicolas de Stuteville” her “terce of the honour of Lidel in Cumberland and of the whole honour of Russedale [and other named properties]...as the dower wherein her late husband Robert endowed her by grant and will of the said Nicholas his father”, dated 22 Jun 1213[363].  Her date of death is set by an order dated 3 Feb 1223 under which King Henry III delivered "to Roger de Quency...the ward of the land of Sibilla de Valeines in Torpenno...the custody of which pertains to Roger by reason of Eustace de Stuteville, son and heir of said Sibilla, being in ward of Roger[364]m ROBERT de Stuteville, son of NICHOLAS [III] de Stuteville & his wife Gunnora de Albini Brito (after 1193-[1212/22 Jun 1213]). 

c)         --- de Valoignes .  His parentage is indicated by an order dated 2 Feb 1223 under which King Henry III delivered "to Roger de Quency...the ward of the land of Torpenho, which was Sibilla de Valoniis, which ward pertains to Roger by reason of the son and heir of Philip de Valoniis, who is heir of Sibilla, and in ward of Roger[365].  This order could not refer to William de Valoines, Sibylla’s much older half-brother, who was already deceased at the time.  It could only refer to a younger full brother of Sibilla, by their father’s second wife who, as suggested above, may have been the sister of Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester. 

d)         [--- .  This possible son of Philip de Valoignes may have been the same person as his unnamed son by his second wife who is shown above.  m ---.  [One child]: 

i)          [ROBERT de Valoignes (-before 1280).  A charter dated  to [20 Jan/Feb] in 1280 records King Edward I’s permission for "Christiana de Maune and Alexander de Balliol, the heirs of Robert de Valoignes" to pay a debt at a reduced amount[366].  The parentage of Robert de Valoignes has not yet been identified.  As his two heirs were the son of Henry de Balliol, husband of the daughter of William de Valoignes, and (probably) the daughter of Henry’s sister-in-law Christine (see above), it is likely that Robert was closely related, maybe their first cousin.] 

e)         [--- .  This possible son of Philip de Valoignes may have been the same person as his unnamed son by his second wife who is shown above.  m ---.  [One child]: 

i)          [JOHN de Valoignes (-after 16 Feb 1246).  "Henr de Balliol cam, Johe de Vall, Nichol de Sulis" witnessed the charter dated 16 Feb 1246 under which Alexander II King of Scotland recorded a dispute regarding "terram de Dunroden quam tenet in Galuuath de dono Fergi" and Holyrood abbey[367].  His precise parentage has not yet been ascertained.   The involvement of Henry de Balliol suggests that John de Valoignes was closely related to William de Valoignes, Henry’s father-in-law (see above).] 

7.         daughters .  “Agnes de Valoniis” notified “filio suo Petro...ceterisque filiis suis” of her donation of “terre mee de Westleye” made to Binham priory, for the souls of “domini mei R. et...mea et...fratris mei Pagani...filiorum filiarumque...meorum” by undated charter, witnessed by “...Rogerus de Valoniis et Johannes frater eius, Fulquius de Munpincun et Radulfus filius eius...[368]

 

 

1.         SAVARY de Valoignes .  “Ranulphus de Glanvilla” donated property to Butley priory, Suffolk, in the presence of “uxore mea”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Osberto de Glanvil...Gerardo de Glanvile...Herveo de Glanvile, Savari de Valeines[369]

 

2.         PETER de Valoignes (-after [1172]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Petrus de Valoines" with one knight "in baillia Osberti de Hosa"[370]

 

3.         AILWIN de Valoignes .  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Ailwinus de Valoignis" in Devonshire[371]

 

4.         ALAN de Valoignes (-after 1190).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "honor Piperelli de Londonia" paying "li milites et vi pars…in diversis comitatibus", of which "in perdonis…Alano de Valoniis, xx s", in Essex, Hertfordshire[372]m as her first husband, HELEN, daughter of --- (-after 14 Jul 1204).  She married secondly (1194) Hugh de Hastings.  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Hugo de Hastinges" owing in Yorkshire "pro habenda uxore que fuit Alani de Valeines"[373].  "Willelmus de Cantilupo" paid a fine for "pro Rogero de Cantilupo fratre nostro pro ux q fuit Hug de Hasting" and custody of her "iv filios et I filia…primogenit x ann", dated 1202[374].  King John granted "custodia…terre et heredum Hugonis de Hasting…et maritagium Helene que fuit uxor ipsius Hugonis" to "Johannis Norwic episcopo" by charter dated 14 Jul 1204[375].  Alan & his wife had [one or more children]:

a)         child[ren] .  "Willelmus de Cantilupo" paid a fine for "pro Rogero de Cantilupo fratre nostro pro ux q fuit Hug de Hasting" and custody of her "iv filios et I filia…primogenit x ann", dated 1202[376].  The date of this document, and the date of their mother’s second marriage to Hugh de Hastings in 1194, shows that one or more of these children must have been born from their mother’s first marriage. 

 

5.         HENRY de Valoignes (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Henricus de Valoniis" paying "xl s, ii milites" in Essex, Herefordshire[377].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Henricus de Valoniis" paying "lx s, iii milites" in Essex, Hertfordshire[378]

 

6.         WILLIAM de Valoignes .  “Willielmus de Valeines” donated “ecclesiam de Culfou” to Leeston by undated charter[379]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children:

a)         MATILDA de Valoines .  The Complete Peerage states that "William de Verdon and his wife Maud, sister of Isabel, wife of Osbert de Wachesham" are named in a lawsuit concerning land at Cransford, Suffolk, dated 1205/06, but does not cite the primary source[380].  “Willielmus de Verdune” confirmed the donation of “ecclesiæ S. Botulfi de Culfo” to Leeston, on the request of “Matildis uxoris meæ”, as donated by “Willielmus de Valeines pater predictæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, sealed by “sigilllo Wydonis patris mei[381]m WILLIAM de Verdun, son of GUY de Verdun & his wife Alice --- (-after 1210). 

b)         ISABEL de Valoignes .  The Complete Peerage states that "William de Verdon and his wife Maud, sister of Isabel, wife of Osbert de Wachesham" are named in a lawsuit concerning land at Cransford, Suffolk, dated 1205/06, but does not cite the primary source[382]m OSBERT de Wachesham, son of ---. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ALAN de Valoignes (-before 29 Sep 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Alanus de Valeines" holding "ii milites" in the honor of Wallingford in [1201/02][383].  The Pipe Roll 1210 records that "Robertus de Valeines" paid in respect of land "que fuit Alani fratris sui in Sobindon cuius heres ipse erat" before Michaelmas 1210[384].  

2.         ROBERT de Valoignes (-after [1210/12]).  The Pipe Roll 1210 records that "Robertus de Valeines" paid in respect of land "que fuit Alani fratris sui in Sobindon [Shabbington, Buckinghamshire] cuius heres ipse erat" before Michaelmas 1210[385].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Valeines, Walterus de Valeines…Johannes de Valeines" holding one knight’s fee "in Ewerlande", one quarter "in Sturremue", and one "in Swertlinges", respectively, in Kent in [1210/12], and "Robertus de Valeines" holding one half "in Bonchesham"[386]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [THOMAS de Valoignes .  The Testa de Nevill records "Thoma de Valoines" holding "ii.m de duobus feodis in Sobinton" in 1235/36][387].  The reference to Shabbington, Buckinghamshire suggests that Thomas was the heir of Robert de Valoignes, maybe his son.]  m ---.  The name of Thomas’s wife is not known.  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOAN de Valoignes (-before 6 Sep 1312).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 6 Sep "6 Edw II", after the death of "Joan de Grey ", name “the heir of John de Grey of Retherfeld who is under age...Robert de Grey sometime her husband” and “John, son of John de Grey aged 11 and in the king’s wardship is next heir of Robert and Joan”, and records “Schobyngton [Buckinghamshire] [which] descended to the said Joan after the death of Thomas de Valoignes her father[388]m (before 1273) ROBERT de Grey of Rotherfield, son of WALTER de Grey of Rotherfield & his wife Isabel de Duston (-before 27 May 1295). 

 

 

1.         WALTER de Valoignes (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Valeines, Walterus de Valeines…Johannes de Valeines" holding one knight’s fee "in Ewerlande", one quarter "in Sturremue", and one "in Swertlinges", respectively, in Kent in [1210/12][389]

 

2.         JOHN de Valoignes (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Valeines, Walterus de Valeines…Johannes de Valeines" holding one knight’s fee "in Ewerlande", one quarter "in Sturremue", and one "in Swertlinges", respectively, in Kent in [1210/12][390]

 

3.         PHILIP de Valoignes .  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Robertus de Stutevill" held "villam de Thorpennoi de domino rege" in Cumberland which was "de baronia Alicie de Rumill" and that "Reginaldus de Lucy" had held the land "cum sorore predicte Alicie" and refused homage to "Philippi de Valoines, antecessoris predicti Roberti et uxoris sue"[391].  same person as…?  P--- de Valoignes (-after 1222)m (1222, Papal dispensation) as her second husband, ---, widow of WALTER de Lindsay, daughter of ---.  The Chronicle of Melrose records that in 1222 "P. de Valoniis, with the consent of…the king" married "the widow of Walter de Lindsay, but against her own will, because they were connected in the third or fourth degree of relationship or affinity" after which "P" obtained a dispensation from the Pope in Rome[392]

 

 

Three siblings: 

1.         THEOBALD de Valoignes (-after 28 Jan 1205).  King John confirmed that “Theobaldus de Valeines” founded Hickling priory, Norfolk as well as the donation of "terra sua de Ernestund" made by "Will. de Muntchanesy" by charter dated 26 Jan 1204[393].  King John confirmed the donation of "terra sua de Campesse" made by "Teobaud de Valeines [et] Johanne et Agnetis sororibus suis" to found a monastery there by charter dated 28 Jan 1205[394].  “Theobaldus de Valoines et Avicia uxor eius” donated "ecclesiam...de Dittona" to Hickling by undated charter[395]m AVICE, daughter of ---.  “Theobaldus de Valoines et Avicia uxor eius” donated "ecclesiam...de Dittona" to Hickling by undated charter[396].  Theobald & his wife had one child: 

a)         THOMAS de Valoignes (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas filius Theobaldi de Waleines" holding seven knights’ fees "de honore Britanniæ" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][397].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Thomas de Valoniis" holding "iii milites in Wodintone" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1210/12][398]

2.         JOAN de Valoignes (-after 28 Jan 1205).  King John confirmed the donation of "terra sua de Campesse" made by "Teobaud de Valeines [et] Johanne et Agnetis sororibus suis" to found a monastery there by charter dated 28 Jan 1205[399]

3.         AGNES de Valoignes (-after 28 Jan 1205).  King John confirmed the donation of "terra sua de Campesse" made by "Teobaud de Valeines [et] Johanne et Agnetis sororibus suis" to found a monastery there by charter dated 28 Jan 1205[400]

 

 

1.         AMICE de Valoignes (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hunfridus de Barenton" holding two knights’ fees "in Seringes cum Amicia uxore sua, de honore de Valoniis" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][401]m HUMPHREY de Barenton, son of --- (-after 1210). 

 

 

1.         SIBYLLA de Valoignes (-after 1212, bur Nun Appleton Priory)Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the 1165/66 Pipe Roll which records "Wills de Pci" accounting for ".cccc. m. p uxore Robti de Ross hnda" in Yorkshire[402]Evidently William de Percy failed to pay the full amount at the time, as the 1169/70 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Pci" paying "L. m. p uxore Robti de Ross habenda" in Yorkshire[403].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated Topcliffe church to York Cathedral, for the souls of “uxoris meæ Sybillæ…filiorum quoque et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter witnessed by “Sybilla de Valloniis…[404].  It is assumed that the first witness was the donor’s wife but this is not specified in the document.  Her third marriage is confirmed by the 1181/82 Pipe Roll which records "Radulfus de Alben" accounting for ".cc. m pro ducenda matre Ebrardi de Ros" in Yorkshire[405].  A charter dated 4 Feb 1196 records a claim by “Sibillam de Vall et Agnetem de Percy” against the church of Beverley relating to “advocacione ecclesie de Lekenfeld[406]m firstly [as his second wife,] ROBERT de Ros, son of PIERS de Ros & his wife Adeline Espec of Helmsley, Northumberland (-[1162/63]).  m secondly ([1165/66]) as his second wife, WILLIAM de Percy of Topcliffe, Yorkshire, son of ALAN de Percy & his wife Emma de Gant (-[1174/75]).  m thirdly ([1181/82]) RALPH de Albini Brito, son of WILLIAM de Albini Brito & his wife Cecily Bigod (-Acre 1191). 

 

2.         ALICE de Valoignes .  "Cristina filia Walteri Corbet" donated a serf to St Andrew’s priory, with the consent of "Willi filii comitis Patricii mariti mei et Aliiz de Valoniis matris mee", to St Andrew’s priory, for the souls of "Walteri Corbet patris mei et Aliz de Valoniis matris mee et W. filii comitis Patricii mariti mei", by undated charter[407]m WALTER Corbet, son of WALTER Corbet & his wife Asa de Umfraville. 

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         HAMON de Valoignes (-after 1194).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "de firma de Walton Hamonis de Valoignis de dimidio anno" in Gloucestershire[408].  Empress Matilda granted property to "Rogero de Valoniis" by undated charter[409]m firstly ---.  m secondly (divorced) AGNES de Somery, daughter of ROGER [III] de Somery & his wife ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Hamoni de Valoniis" against "Jeruasius de Aldermannebiria", the latter stating that "Rogerus de Sumery" gave "terram de Cristehale…in maritagium Hamoni patri istius Hamonis cum Agnete filia sua", that the couple were later divorced and the maritagium returned, while the claimant replied that Agnes lived for thirty years after her divorce and requested nothing from his father or from "Thoma fratre suo qui per v annos fuit in seisina tocius hereditatis patris sui"[410].  Hamon & his first wife had two children: 

a)         THOMAS de Valoignes .  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Hamoni de Valoniis" against "Jeruasius de Aldermannebiria athachiatus", the latter stating that "Rogerus de Sumery" gave "terram de Cristehale…in maritagium Hamoni patri istius Hamonis cum Agnete filia sua", that the couple were later divorced and the maritagium returned, while the claimant replied that Agnes lived for thirty years after her divorce and requested nothing from his father or from "Thoma fratre suo qui per v annos fuit in seisina tocius hereditatis patris sui"[411]

b)         HAMON de Valoignes (-before 17 Dec 1243).  "Hamo fil Hamonis de Valon" made a fine for "terris que fuerunt ipsius Hamonis patris suis in Hibernia cum castro de Hinckesty", dated 5 Jul [1215][412].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Petrus Hamo f Hamonis de Valeines” owing in Kent[413].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Hamoni de Valoniis" against "Jeruasius de Aldermannebiria athachiatus", the latter stating that "Rogerus de Sumery" gave "terram de Cristehale…in maritagium Hamoni patri istius Hamonis cum Agnete filia sua", that the couple were later divorced and the maritagium returned, while the claimant replied that Agnes lived for thirty years after her divorce and requested nothing from his father or from "Thoma fratre suo qui per v annos fuit in seisina tocius hereditatis patris sui"[414].  A charter dated 17 Dec 1243 mandated to "W[illiam] de Cantilupe seisin of all the lands which belonged to Hamo de Valoignes in Ireland…with the marriage of Hamo’s heirs"[415]m --- de Burgh, daughter of RICHARD de Burgh Lord of Connaught & his wife Egidia de Lacy.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by a charter dated 20 Sep 1242 which records that "Richard de Burgh has intimated to the king that John de Marisco, who married Mabel Richard’s granddaughter, having been taken prisoner and disseised of his land by the king’s order"[416].  Hamo & his wife had [two or more] children: 

i)          MABEL de Valoignes (-after 20 Sep 1242).  A charter dated 20 Sep 1242 records that "Richard de Burgh has intimated to the king that John de Marisco, who married Mabel Richard’s granddaughter, having been taken prisoner and disseised of his land by the king’s order", and that "Mabel was likewise disseised of the vill of Brunry her marriage portion and betook herself with her children to a house belonging to Richard and is living at his expense"[417]m JOHN du Marais [Marsh], son of ---. 

2.         --- de Valoignesm ---.  Two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Valoignes .  "Willelmus et Roylant de Valon" paid a fine for "heritenda medietate de Litlington quem Ham de Valon avunculus eorum eis dedit" in Canterbury, dated 1202[418]

b)         ROLAND de Valoignes .  "Willelmus et Roylant de Valon" paid a fine for "heritenda medietate de Litlington quem Ham de Valon avunculus eorum eis dedit" in Canterbury, dated 1202[419]

 

 

1.         WALTER de Valoignes .  "William Juvenal" paid a fine for a record of "a plea that was between him and Walter de Valoignes and Mary, his wife, concerning land in Churchford" in Suffolk, dated [Nov] 1223[420]m MARY, daughter of ---.  "William Juvenal" paid a fine for a record of "a plea that was between him and Walter de Valoignes and Mary, his wife, concerning land in Churchford" in Suffolk, dated [Nov] 1223[421]

 

2.         WILLIAM de Valoignesm MARGARET, daughter of --- (-after 1284).  "Willelmus de Valoniis filius et heres dñi Willmi de Valoniis" donated "ecclesie Sciandr…de Markinch" to St Andrew’s priory, for the soul of "dñi Malcolmi comitie quondam de Fyfe", by charter dated 1284, witnessed by "Margareta matre mea, Maria sorore mea…"[422].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Valoignes (-after 1284).  "Willelmus de Valoniis filius et heres dñi Willmi de Valoniis" donated "ecclesie Sciandr…de Markinch" to St Andrew’s priory, for the soul of "dñi Malcolmi comitie quondam de Fyfe", by charter dated 1284, witnessed by "Margareta matre mea, Maria sorore mea…"[423]

b)         MARY de Valoignes (-after 1284).  "Willelmus de Valoniis filius et heres dñi Willmi de Valoniis" donated "ecclesie Sciandr…de Markinch" to St Andrew’s priory, for the soul of "dñi Malcolmi comitie quondam de Fyfe", by charter dated 1284, witnessed by "Margareta matre mea, Maria sorore mea…"[424]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Valoignes (-after 6 Aug 1282).  m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Valoignes (-before 6 Aug 1282).  A writ dated 6 Aug "10 Edw I", after the death of "Robert son of Robert de Valoignes alias de Waleyns, de Valonyes, de Waloynis, de Waloniis, de Valoynes", named "his daughters Roysea aged 2 at the feast of All Saints 10 Edw I and Cecily aged 1 about the same feast are his next heirs” and specifies the dower of “Eva late his wife...the king’s cousin[425]m EVA, daughter of ---.  A writ dated 6 Aug "10 Edw I", after the death of "Robert son of Robert de Valoignes alias de Waleyns, de Valonyes, de Waloynis, de Waloniis, de Valoynes", named "his daughters Roysea aged 2 at the feast of All Saints 10 Edw I and Cecily aged 1 about the same feast are his next heirs” and specifies the dower of “Eva late his wife...the king’s cousin[426].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROHESE de Valoignes ([1279/80]-).  A writ dated 6 Aug "10 Edw I", after the death of "Robert son of Robert de Valoignes alias de Waleyns, de Valonyes, de Waloynis, de Waloniis, de Valoynes", named "his daughters Roysea aged 2 at the feast of All Saints 10 Edw I and Cecily aged 1 about the same feast are his next heirs” and specifies the dower of “Eva late his wife...the king’s cousin[427]

ii)         CECILY de Valoignes ([1280/81]-16 Jul 1325).  A writ dated 6 Aug "10 Edw I", after the death of "Robert son of Robert de Valoignes alias de Waleyns, de Valonyes, de Waloynis, de Waloniis, de Valoynes", named "his daughters Roysea aged 2 at the feast of All Saints 10 Edw I and Cecily aged 1 about the same feast are his next heirs” and specifies the dower of “Eva late his wife...the king’s cousin[428]m (before 1298) ROBERT de Ufford, son of ROBERT de Ufford & his first wife Mary --- (11 Jun 1279-9 Sep 1316 or before).  He was summoned to Parliament 4 Mar 1309, whereby he is held to have become Lord Ufford. 

 

 

 

VAUX

 

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Vaux (-after 1086).  An undated manuscript records that Robertus de Vallibus”, who arrived in England “cum Willielmo duce Normannorum”, founded Pentney, Norfolk[429].  “Rob. de Vauz” founded Pentney, Norfolk, for the souls of “meæ et Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[430].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Rodbertus de Vals” donated “de duabus partibus decimæ de Berneriis medietatem” to Ouche and that after he died “Rogerius...filius eius” confirmed and augmented the donation[431].  Domesday Book records “Robert de Vaux” holding Shimpling from Roger Bigod in Norfolk and properties from Roger Bigod in Suffolk[432]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  “Rob. de Vauz” founded Pentney, Norfolk, for the souls of “meæ et Agnetis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[433].  Robert & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROGER de VauxOrderic Vitalis records that “Rodbertus de Vals” donated “de duabus partibus decimæ de Berneriis medietatem” to Ouche and that after he died “Rogerius...filius eius” confirmed and augmented the donation[434]

b)         WILLIAM de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum, Oliverum et Henricum” as the three sons of Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[435].  “Willielmus de Vaus, filius Roberti de Vaus” confirmed the foundation of Pentney, Norfolk by “Robertus de Vaus pater meus” by undated charter[436]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had three children:  

i)          ROBERT de Vaux (-after 1130)An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Adam et Willielmum” as the three sons of William, son of Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[437].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rob de Vallibus…de terra de Hoctone de hereditate uxoris sue" in Norfolk[438]

-         see below

ii)         ADAM de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Robertum, Adam et Willielmum” as the three sons of William, son of Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[439]

iii)        WILLIAM de Vaux (-after 1165).  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Adam et Willielmum” as the three sons of William, son of Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk, adding that the third son William was prior of Pentney[440].  Prior of Pentney.  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ”, by undated charter dated to 1165, witnessed by “…Roberto de Vallibus juniore…Rogero de Vallibus…Willielmo de Vallibus filio de Roberti de Vallibus…[441]

c)         OLIVER de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum, Oliverum et Henricum” as the three sons of Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[442]

d)         HENRY de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum, Oliverum et Henricum” as the three sons of Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[443]

 

 

1.         HUGH de Vaux (-after 1121).  "…Hugone de Valle…" witnessed the charter dated 1121 under which Henry I King of England granted "terram de Chelca" to "Rogero nepoti Huberti"[444]

 

 

ROBERT de Vaux, son of WILLIAM de Vaux & his wife --- (-after 1130)An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Adam et Willielmum” as the three sons of William, son of Robertus de Vallibus” who founded Pentney, Norfolk[445].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rob de Vallibus…de terra de Hoctone de hereditate uxoris sue" in Norfolk[446]

m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known. 

Robert & his wife had seven children: 

1.         ROBERT de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux, adding that Robert was succeeded by “Robertus filius dicti Roberti” who died childless and was succeeded by “Oliverus filius dicti Roberti[447]

2.         OLIVER de Vaux (-[1238/41])An undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux, adding that Robert was succeeded by “Robertus filius dicti Roberti” who died childless and was succeeded by “Oliverus filius dicti Roberti[448].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Oliverus de Vall[ibus]" holding one quarter of one knight’s fee in "Scrahinge" in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][449].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Lincoln, dated 1219, which includes "Oliverus de Vallibus habet Petronillam que fuit filia Widonis de Croum de donacione domini Regis Johannis et terra eius [Schireb] valet annum l.l"[450]m ([1211/12]) as her third husband, PETRONILLA de Craon, widow firstly of WILLIAM de Longchamp and secondly of HENRY de la Mare, daughter of GUY [Wythe] de Craon & his wife Isabel ---.  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory names "dame Petronil de Croune" as the daughter of "monsieur Wythe de Croune" and his wife "Clarice", adding that she married firstly "baron monsieur William Longechaumpe" (by whom she had "monsieur Henre de Longechaumpe") and secondly "baron monsieur Oliver Vaux"[451].  "Henr de la Mare" made a fine for "terra Petronille de Croun ux sue et terris suis in Angliam et Willelmus de La Mara frater suus…", dated 1205[452].  Her third marriage is confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Oliverus de Vallibus" held "Vargeburn in barunia cum uxore que fuit Henrici de la Mare" in Hampshire[453].  Oliver & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROBERT de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum” as the sons of Oliver de Vaux, adding that Oliver was succeeded by “Robertus filius dicti Oliveri[454]

b)         WILLIAM de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum” as the sons of Oliver de Vaux, adding that Robert was succeeded by “Willielmus frater dicti Roberti[455]

c)         JOHN de Vaux (-before Nov 1287).  An undated manuscript names “Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum” as the sons of Oliver de Vaux, adding that “Willielmus frater dicti Roberti” was succeeded by “frater eius dominus Iohannes de Vallibus[456].  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory names "John de Vaux" as the son of "baron monsieur Oliver Vaux" and his wife "dame Petronil de Croune", adding that he was granted "le manoir de Freston en taile"[457].  “Johannes de Vallibus filius domini Oliveri de Vallibus” donated land "de Botendone…de dono domini Rogeri de Clifford et Matildis uxoris suæ" to Basselech Priory, Monmouth by undated charter[458].  Inquisitions following a writ dated "15 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vallibus...on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 15 Edw I” name “Petronilla [...aged 28...[who married] William de Nerford] and Maud [...aged 26...[who] married William de Ros] his daughters are his next heirs and of full age[459]m as her second husband, JOAN, widow of ROGER de Gyney, daughter of ---.  The Complete Peerage names “Joan...widow of Roger de Gyney” as the wife of John de Vaux but implies that she may not have been his only wife when it questions whether she was the mother of his daughter Petronilla[460].  John & his wife had two children: 

i)          PETRONILLA de Vaux ([1258/59]-[1 May/20 Aug] 1326).  An undated manuscript names “Petronilla et Matilda” as the two daughters of John de Vaux, adding that Petronilla married “Willielmo de Nairford et genuit Johannem primogenitum suum” and naming their descendants[461].  Inquisitions following a writ dated "15 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vallibus...on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 15 Edw I” name “Petronilla [...aged 28...[who married] William de Nerford] and Maud [...aged 26...[who] married William de Ros] his daughters are his next heirs and of full age[462]m (4 Feb [1287/88]) WILLIAM de Nerford, son of PIERS de Nerford & his wife [Agatha ---] (-[12 Jun/9 Jul] 1302). 

ii)         MATILDA de Vaux ([1260/61]- [before 1316], bur Pentney Priory, Norfolk)An undated manuscript names “Petronilla et Matilda” as the two daughters of John de Vaux, adding that Matilda married “domino Willielmo de Ros et genuit Willelmum primogenitum suum...[463]A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievall Abbey records that "Willielmum de Ros" married "Matildam de Vaus hæredem medietatis terrarium Johannis de Vaux"[464]Inquisitions following a writ dated "15 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vallibus...on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 15 Edw I” name “Petronilla [...aged 28...[who married] William de Nerford] and Maud [...aged 26...[who] married William de Ros] his daughters are his next heirs and of full age[465]m (before 1287) WILLIAM de Ros, son of ROBERT de Ros & his wife Isabel de Albini (-[12 May/16 Aug] 1316, bur Kirkham). 

d)         OLIVER de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum” as the sons of Oliver de Vaux[466]

3.         JOHN de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[467]

4.         PHILIP de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[468]

5.         ROGER de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[469]same person as...?  ROGER de Vaux (-after 1165).  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ”, by undated charter dated to 1165, witnessed by “…Roberto de Vallibus juniore…Rogero de Vallibus…Willielmo de Vallibus filio de Roberti de Vallibus…[470]

6.         HUGH de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[471]

7.         WILLIAM de VauxAn undated manuscript names “Willielmum [error for Robertum, see below], Oliverum, Johannem, Philippum, Rogerum et Hugonem, et quendam Willielmum” as the sons of Robert, son of William de Vaux[472]

 

 

1.         RALPH de Vaux (-killed 1186).  Ralph de Diceto’s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1186 that “Radulfus de Vallibus” was killed by “Henrico de Ver[473]

 

 

1.         HUBERT de Vaux of Irthington, Cumberland (-after 1167).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Huberti de Vaus" held one knight’s fee from "honoris de Wartre" in Yorkshire[474].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Herbertus de Vallibus i m de feodo de Wartre" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][475].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Robertus de Vallibus" holding "Coupland" in Cumberland, adding that King Henry II had first granted it to "Huberto de Vallibus antecessori suo"[476]m GRACE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to 1165 under which her son Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ[477]Hubert & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT de Vaux (-1194).  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ”, by undated charter dated to 1165, witnessed by “…Roberto de Vallibus juniore…Rogero de Vallibus…Willielmo de Vallibus filio de Roberti de Vallibus…[478].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus de Vaux" held five knights’ fees from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[479].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Vallibus xl s" in Northumberland in [1171/72][480]"Robertus de Wall" donated land "in Goseford" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugone de Morevill…Ricardo de Beauchamp…"[481]Robertus de Wallibus” donated land "in villa mea de Crogelyn" to Wetherhal priory, Cumberland by undated charter[482].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Rannulfus de Vallibus" owing "c m de debito fratris sui Roberti" in Norfolk & Suffolk[483]m as her second husband, ADA Engaine, widow of SIMON de Morville, daughter of WILLIAM Engaine & his wife Eustachie ---.  Her parentage and two marriages are shown in The Complete Peerage[484].  Robert & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          [ROBERT .  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Huberti de Vallibus” founded Lanercost priory, Cumberland, for the souls of “patris mei Huberti et matris meæ Greciæ”, by undated charter dated to 1165, witnessed by “…Roberto de Vallibus juniore…Rogero de Vallibus…Willielmo de Vallibus filio de Roberti de Vallibus…[485].  No other explanation has yet been found for "Roberto de Vallibus juniore" other than that he was the son of the founder.  If this parentage is correct, Robert must have predeceased his father whose heir is recorded as his brother Ranulf (see below).] 

b)         RANULF de Vaux (-[1210/12]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Ranulfus de Vallibus" paying "xl s, ii milites" in Cumberland[486].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Rannulfus de Vallibus" owing "c m de debito fratris sui Roberti" in Norfolk & Suffolk[487].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Ranulfus de Vallibus" holding one knight`s fee in Yorkshire in [1210/12][488]m ALICE, daughter of --- (-after 19 Dec 1212).  An order dated 15 Oct 1212 confirmed that "domina Alic de Vallibus…ex parte Roberti de Vallibus filii sui" gave to the king as a hostage "Robertum filium Willielmi de Vallibus de Ellebotle"[489].  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[490].  An order dated 24 Apr 1229 following inquisition found that "Eustachius de Durevill" had, three years before being hanged for felony, sold "redditum de Cumpton" to “Alicie de Vallibus” who had granted it to “Willelmo de Wydiworth in maritagium cum Gretia filia sua”, that it had been confiscated by the king at the time of the hanging, but that the sheriff of Somerset should now return it[491].  Ranulf & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROBERT de Vaux (-after 19 Dec 1212).  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory, Cumberland by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus…"[492].  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi de Vallibus” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus, Rollando de Vallibus…"[493].  "Robert de Vallibus" donated land in Seavington, Somerset to Bruton, at the request of "Alice his mother", by undated charter[494].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Vallibus" holding two knights’ fees in Cumberland in [1210/12][495].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Robertus de Vallibus" holding "Coupland" in Cumberland, adding that King Henry II had first granted it to "Huberto de Vallibus antecessori suo"[496].  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[497].  "Robert de Vallibus" donated land in Seavington, Somerset to Bruton, at the request of "Alice his mother", by undated charter[498]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       HUBERT de Vaux .  A manuscript recording “baronum et dominorum…baronia Gilleslandiæ” names “Hubertus de Vallibus filius Roberti [filius Ranulphi][499].  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory, Cumberland by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus…"[500].  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi de Vallibus” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus, Rollando de Vallibus…"[501].  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[502]m ---.  The name of Hubert’s wife is not known.  Hubert & his wife had one child: 

(1)       MATILDA de Vaux (-19 May 1293).  A manuscript recording “baronum et dominorum…baronia Gilleslandiæ” names “Matildis de Vallibus filia Huberti de Vallibus Ob. 23 Edw I” as wife of “Thomas de Multon…Ob. 25 Hen III[503].  “Matildis de Vallibus Domina de Gillesland” donated property to Wetherhal priory, for the soul of "Domini mei Thomæ de Multon", by charter dtaed 29 Jun 1270, witnessed by "…Ranulpho de Vallibus…"[504].  The Chronicle of Lanercost records the death "die sancti Dunstani" (dated to 1294 or 1295 from the context) of "domina Matildis de Multona domina de Gilleslande, mater predictæ Thomæ" (whose death is recorded just before this entry)[505].  A writ dated 28 May "21 Edw I", after the death of "Maud de Multon alias de Muleton, de Molton", records "Thomas son of Thomas de Moleton aged 30 or more is her next heir" and "manors held of James de Muleton her son…for life of Sir Hubert her son"[506]m THOMAS de Multon, son of THOMAS de Multon & his second wife Ada de Morville (-1271). 

ii)         GRACE de Vaux (-after 24 Apr 1229).  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[507].  King John ordered the release of "Alicie de Vallibus Greciam filiam suam" by order dated 9 Oct 1213[508].  An order dated 24 Apr 1229 following inquisition found that "Eustachius de Durevill" had, three years before being hanged for felony, sold "redditum de Cumpton" to “Alicie de Vallibus” who had granted it to “Willelmo de Wydiworth in maritagium cum Gretia filia sua”, that it had been confiscated by the king at the time of the hanging, but that the sheriff of Somerset should now return it[509]m WILLIAM de Widiworth, son of --- (-after 24 Apr 1229). 

Ranulf had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

iii)        ROLAND .  “Robertus de Vallibus filius Ranulphi de Vallibus” confirmed donations to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Huberto de Vallibus, Rollando de Vallibus…"[510].  King John ordered the liberation of "Alicia de Vallibus matrem sua et Greciam sororem suam et Hubertum filium ipsius Roberti et Rolandum fratrem eius bastardum et Thomam Walense filium filii Amite predicte Alic" now that "Robertus de Vallibus" was held in captivity, by order dated 19 Dec 1212[511]

c)         [WILLIAM de Vaux (-[1166]).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus de Wall[ibus]" held thirty knights’ fees from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[512].]  same person as…?  WILLIAM de Vaux of Ellebottle .  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT de Vaux (-after 15 Oct 1212).  An order dated 15 Oct 1212 confirmed that "domina Alic de Vallibus…ex parte Roberti de Vallibus filii sui" gave to the king as a hostage "Robertum filium Willielmi de Vallibus de Ellebotle"[513]

 

 

1.         PETER de Vaux (-after [1158/59]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "xxiii m de militibus Petri de Vallibus" in Norfolk and Suffolk in [1158/59][514]

 

2.         ALEXANDER de Vaux (-after 30 Jan 1196).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alexander de Vallibus" held one half of one knight’s fee from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[515].  The Feet of Fines records the judgment dated 30 Jan or 6 Feb 1196 in a claim by "Willelmus filius Radulfi" against "Alex de Vallibus" concerning land "in Barsham et in Rigefeld" in Suffolk[516]

 

3.         HUGH de Vaux (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hugo de Vallibus" holding one half of one knight’s fee "in Wicheham" in Kent in [1210/12][517]

 

4.         PETER de Vaux (-after 1219)m (1208 or after) as her second husband, EMMA de Umfraville, widow of WALTER FitzGilbert, daughter of --- (-after 1219).  "Petrus de Vallibus" paid a fine to marry "Emma de Umfravill q fuit ux Walteri fil Gillbert si ipsa voluit", in Northumberland, dated 1208[518].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Emma que fuit uxor Walteri filii Giliberti…maritata Petro de Vallibus" holding land in Northumberland[519].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Northumberland, dated to [1226/28], which includes "Emma de Aydene est de donacione domini regis et maritata est Petro de Vallibus per Johannem Regem...Alina et Aleysia filie predicte Emme maritate sunt Jacobo de Kauz et Johanni de Kauz per Johannem Regem..."[520]

 

5.         WILLIAM de Vauxm ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALEXANDER de Vaux (-after 1227).  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1227, by "Richerus de Strattona et Beatricia uxor eius" against "Alexandrum de Vallibus" for "terre…in Clypespy…dotem suam unde Henricus de Asegareby quondam vir suus eam dotavit", the plaintiffs claiming that "Willelmus de Vallibus pater Alexandri" disseised Henry from the land while the defendant claimed that the land was "maritagio matris sue"[521].

 

6.         WILLIAM de Vaux .  "Willelmus de Vallibus" donated "ecclesie de Golyn" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini mei Willelmi regis Scottorum", by undated charter[522]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         JOHN de Vaux .  "Johannes de Vallibus" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Golyn" made by "pater meus" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini mei Alexandri regis Scottorum…salva possessione Willelmi de Vallibus fratris mei in vita sua", by undated charter[523].  "Johannes de Wallibus" donated "unum croftum…in Golyn" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "Ade de Wallibus quondam uxoris mee", by undated charter[524]m ADA, daughter of ---.  "Johannes de Wallibus" donated "unum croftum…in Golyn" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "Ade de Wallibus quondam uxoris mee", by undated charter[525]

b)         WILLIAM de Vaux .  "Johannes de Vallibus" confirmed the donation of "ecclesie de Golyn" made by "pater meus" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini mei Alexandri regis Scottorum…salva possessione Willelmi de Vallibus fratris mei in vita sua", by undated charter[526].  "Willelmus de Vallibus" donated "ecclesie de Golyn" to Dryburgh monastery by undated charter[527]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Vaux of Tharston and Wisset (-before 9 May 1251)The executors of the will of "William de Vallibus formerly husband of Alienor de Ferrers, one of the heirs of W[alter] Marshall late Earl of Pembroke" requested restoration of his part of the inheritance by charter dated 9 May 1251[528]m (before 5 Dec 1252) as her first husband, ELEANOR Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his first wife Sibyl Marshal of Pembroke (-before 20 Oct 1274, bur Leeds Priory).  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Agnes, secunda Isabella, tertia Matilda, quarta Sibilla, quinta Johanna, sexta Alianora, septima Agatha" as the seven daughters of "Willielmo de Ferrers comiti Derbiæ" and his wife "quarta filia…Willihelmi Marescalli…Sibilla", adding that "Alianora sexta filia" was "comitissa de Wintonia" and died childless[529].  A charter dated 26 May 1250 records the restoration of property, granted to "Margaret Countess of Lincoln", to "William de Vescy and Agnes his wife, Reginald de Moun and Isabel his wife, William de Fortibus and Matilda his wife, Francis de Boun and Sibil his wife, William de Vallibus and Alienor his wife, John de Moun and Joan his wife, Agatha de Ferrers in the king’s custody, Roger de Mortimer and Matilda his wife, and William de Cantilupe and Eva his wife"[530].  She married secondly (before 5 Dec 1252) as his third wife, Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the Annals of Ireland which record that “Sibilla comitissa de Ferreys” had seven daughters (in order) “quinta, Elianora de Varis, quæ fuit uxor comitis Wintonie…[531].  Matthew Paris records her husband's remarriage soon after the death of his second wife, but does not name his third wife[532].  "Rogerus de Quincy" donated "boscum nostrum de Gleddiswod" to Dryburgh monastery, for the souls of "nostre et Alyenore sponse mee et…Alani de Galwythya et Helene filie sue quondam sponse nostro", by undated charter[533].  She married thirdly (1267) as his second wife, Roger de Leyburn.  King Edward I ordered the the escheator of Ireland to take all the lands of the deceased "Alianora widow of Roger de Quency earl of Winchester" into the hands of the king by charter dated 25 Oct 1274[534]

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Vaux"Robertus de Wallibus" donated land "Stanyacre in territorio de Elbotyll" to Dryburgh monastery, for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee et prioris uxoris mee", by undated charter[535]m firstly ---.  m secondly ---.  Robert & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

a)         JOHN de Vaux .  "Johannes de Wallibus filius Roberti de Wallibus" confirmed the donation "Stanyacre in territorio de Elbotyll" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "mee et uxoris mee", by undated charter[536].

 

 

1.         JOHN de Vaux .  "Alexander de Balliolo dominus de Caveris" donated "medietatem bosci de Gladiswod que quondam fuit domini Johannis de Wallibus et domine Deruorgille sponse sue" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini Gwido fratris mei", by undated charter, dated to before 1265[537]m DEVORGUILLA, daughter of ---.  "Alexander de Balliolo dominus de Caveris" donated "medietatem bosci de Gladiswod que quondam fuit domini Johannis de Wallibus et domine Deruorgille sponse sue" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini Gwido fratris mei", by undated charter[538]

 

2.         RANULF de Vaux (-after 29 Jun 1270).  “Matildis de Vallibus Domina de Gillesland” donated property to Wetherhal priory, for the soul of "Domini mei Thomæ de Multon", by charter dtaed 29 Jun 1270, witnessed by "…Ranulpho de Vallibus…"[539]

 

 

1.         JOHN de Vauxm ---.  The name of John’s wife is not known.  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALEXANDER de Vaux .  "Alex de Vallibus miles" confirmed the donation made by "bone memorie dñs Johannes de Vallibus pater noster" to the church of Glasgow by undated charter[540].  "Alexander de Wallibus dominus de Dyrlton" donated "jus patronatum ecclesie de Golyn" to Dryburgh monasteryby undated charter[541]

 

 

 

VERNON

 

 

RICHARD de Reviers, son of GUILLAUME de Vernon & his wife Emma --- (-8 Sep 1107, bur Abbey de Montebourg[542]).  His parentage is surmised by the references to his supposed brother Hugues and the latter's parents.  Seigneur de Reviers, de Vernon et de Néhou in Normandy.  Domesday Book records “Richard de Vernon” holding Ashton, Picton, Leftwich, Wharton, Davenham, Poulton and other properties in Cheshire[543].  "…Ricardus de Rederis…" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[544].  Orderic Vitalis names “Hugonem comitem et Ricardum de Radveriis...Rodbertum de Molbraio” as the main supporters of “Henricus clito” who governed “Abrincas et Cæsarisburgum et Constantiam atque Guabreium” [Avranches, Cherbourg, Coutances, Gavray], dated to [1090][545].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey records that Henry I King of England granted the honors of ”primo Tiverton, ac postea…Plimton…in comitemque Devon…[et] insulam Vectæ” to “Ricardo de Redveriis[546].  Lord of Tiverton and Plimton in Devonshire, and Lord of the Isle of Wight.  An undated charter of Richard’s grandson "Ricardus de Redveriis filius Baldewini comitis Exonie" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset founded by "Ricardus de Redveris avus meus"[547]The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "8 Sep" of "Ricardus de Reveriis"[548]

m ADELISE Peverel, daughter of WILLIAM Peverel of Nottingham & his wife Adeline --- ([1075/80]-after 27 May 1156).  “Adeliz de Redveriis” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi” by undated charter[549].  Her husband’s name is confirmed by another charter under which “Adeliz de Reviers” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the soul of “domini mei Ricardi de Reviers”, also undated[550].  The chronology of her descendants suggests that she must have been born not later than [1075/80].  "Adeliz de Redveris" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "patris mei…Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham…et matris mee Adeline", with the consent of "filiorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de ---…et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Reveris, Henrici atque Willelmi", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Stephanus de Magnevilla…Willelmus Avenel…"[551].  "Adeliza de Reviers" wrote to Goscelin Bishop of Salisbury, by charter dated to [1142/55], notifying him of her donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg of property which "her father William Peverel of Nottingham" gave with her to "Richard de Reviers"[552].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Montebourg, including donations by "…Ricardi de Reviers…Adelicie uxoris…concessu filiorum suorum comitis Balduini et Roberti de Sancte Marie Ecclesia…", by charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182][553]

Richard & his wife had five children: 

1.         BALDWIN de Reviers ([1090/1100]-1155).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey names ”Baldwinum” as first son of “Ricardo de Redveriis[554].  “Adeliz de Redveriis” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi” by undated charter[555].  "Baldwin earl of Exeter" confirmed the donations to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg by "his father Richard de Reveriis" by charter dated to [1142/55][556].  Earl of Devon 1141. 

-        EARLS of DEVON

2.         WILLIAM de Vernon (-[16 Jun] after Sep 1151).  “Adeliz de Redveriis” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi” by undated charter[557].  Seigneur de Vernon.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Vernun" in Dorsetshire, Wiltshire[558].  "Baldwin earl of Exeter" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg with the consent of "his sons Richard, Henry and his brothers William de Vernone and Robert de Sancte Marie Ecclesia" by charter dated to [1142/55][559].  "…Willelmus de Vernone…" witnessed the charter dated to [1147] under which "Henricus ducis Normannorum et comitis Andegavorum filius" confirmed the rights of the abbey of Saint-Ouen[560].  "…Willelmus de Vernone…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" granted privileges to the citizens of Rouen[561].  "…Willelmo de Vernone…" witnessed the charter dated to [Sep 1151/Jan 1153] under which "Henricus dux Norm et comes Andeg" confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Fontenay at the request of "Jordani Taxonis"[562].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[563].  [The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "16 Jun" of "Guillelmus de Vernone ultimus"[564].]  m LUCY de Tancarville, daughter of GUILLAUME de Tancarville & his wife Mathilde d'Arques.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   William & his wife had six children: 

a)         RICHARD de Vernon (-[3 Jul] after 1195).  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[565].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Richardus de Vernone" with 10 knights "de honore de Nehashou" and 30 knights "in Constentino" in his own service[566].  "…Ricardo Vernone…" subscribed the charter dated [1172/78] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the freedoms of the city of Rouen[567].  “Ricardus de Vernone” confirmed privileges granted to Jumièges by “Hugonis de Vernone patrui mei”, with the consent of “Willelmi de Vernone patris mei...fratris sui”, by charter dated [24 Mar 1174/12 Apr 1175], witnessed by “...Hugone de Vernone fratre meo...[568].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Montebourg, including donations by "…Willelmi de Vernone et Ricardi filii eius…", by charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182], signed by "…Ricardo de Vernone…"[569].  "Ricardo de Vernone…Willelmo de Vernone juniore" subscribed the charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182] under which Henry II King of England granted duty exemptions to the abbey of Montebourg[570].  “Ricardus de Vernone pater et Ricardus filius meus" denied their oath to Richard I King of England and recognised the suzerainty ot Philippe II King of France over "Vernonem cum castellania" by charter dated Jan 1195 (maybe O.S.)[571].  [The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "3 Jul" of "Ricardus de Vernone"[572].]  m LUCY, daughter of --- (-26 Jul ----).  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "26 Jul" of "Lucia uxor Ricardi de Vernone"[573]Richard & his wife had one child: 

i)          RICHARD de Vernon (-after 1195).  “Ricardus de Vernone pater et Ricardus filius meus" denied their oath to Richard I King of England and recognised the suzerainty ot Philippe II King of France over "Vernonem cum castellania" by charter dated Jan 1195 (maybe O.S.)[574]m ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-14 Aug ----).  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "14 Aug" of "Elizabeth uxor Ricardi de Vernone"[575]

b)         BAUDOUIN de Vernon (-young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

c)         HUGH .  “Ricardus de Vernone” confirmed privileges granted to Jumièges by “Hugonis de Vernone patrui mei”, with the consent of “Willelmi de Vernone patris mei...fratris sui”, by charter dated [24 Mar 1174/12 Apr 1175], witnessed by “...Hugone de Vernone fratre meo...[576]

d)         DROGO .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

e)         JULIANA (-[21 May ----]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  [The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "21 May" of "Juliana de Vernone"[577].]  m WILLIAM de Venoix

f)          [MATILDA .  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande, including donations by "…Ricardus de Haya et Matildis uxor eius, predicte ecclesie fundatores, et Radulfus de Haya Ricardi nepos, et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius…" by charter dated 1157[578].  This charter does not specify that Richard’s wife was the daughter of Guillaume de Vernon but this appears to be a likely possibility.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Ricardus de Haia et Matildis uxor sua", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][579]m RICHARD de la Haye, son of ROBERT de la Haye & his wife Muriel --- (-1169, bur Blanchelande abbey).] 

3.         ROBERT .  “Adeliz de Redveriis” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi” by undated charter[580].  "Baldwin earl of Exeter" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg with the consent of "his sons Richard, Henry and his brothers William de Vernone and Robert de Sancte Marie Ecclesia" by charter dated to [1142/55][581].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Montebourg, including donations by "…Ricardi de Reviers…Adelicie uxoris…concessu filiorum suorum comitis Balduini et Roberti de Sancte Marie Ecclesia…", by charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182][582]

4.         HUGH .  “Ricardus de Vernone” confirmed privileges granted to Jumièges by “Hugonis de Vernone patrui mei”, with the consent of “Willelmi de Vernone patris mei...fratris sui”, by charter dated [24 Mar 1174/12 Apr 1175], witnessed by “...Hugone de Vernone fratre meo...[583]

5.         HAWISE .  A manuscript detailing the descendants of the founders of Twinham Priory names “Hadwysam de Rumara comitissam Lincolniæ” as daughter of “Ricardus de Radvers comes Devoniæ…ex Adeliza comitissa uxore sua[584], although other sources do not show that her father bore the comital title.  “Willielmus de Romara comes de Lincolnia et Willielmus filius eius et Hawdewissa comitissa uxor eius” founded Revesby abbey by undated charter[585]m WILLIAM de Roumare, son of ROGER FitzGerold de Roumare & his wife Lucy --- ([1096]-before 1161).  He was created Earl of Lincoln 1141 by King Stephen. 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Reviers (-17 Sep ----).  "Ricardo de Vernone…Willelmo de Vernone juniore" subscribed the charter dated to [Oct 1174/1182] under which Henry II King of England granted duty exemptions to the abbey of Montebourg[586]The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "17 Sep" of "Guillelmus de Reveriis secundus"[587]m ALICE, daughter of --- (-30 Sep ----).  The necrology of Mont-Bourg records the death "30 Sep" of "Alicia uxor Guillelmi de Reveriis secundi"[588]

 

2.         MARGARET de Vernon (-after 1205).  "Margar de V’noñ" paid a fine for "hereditate sua…Freskewater in insula de Wicht q fuit saisita in manu dni R occoe mortis Johis Arsic viri sui", dated 1205[589].  "Thom de Stoke" made a fine in part payment of money owed by "Petr de Stoke…de fine que Margar de Vern ux sua…" in Hampshire, dated 1205[590]m firstly JOHN Arsic, son of --- (-before 1205).  m secondly (1205) PETER de Stokes, son of ---. 

 

 

 

VESPONT

 

 

1.         JOHN de Vespont (-1241).  Lord of Westmoreland.  m AGNES Ferrers, daughter of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl of Derby & his wife Agnes of Chester. 

 

2.         ROBERT de Vespont (-1264).  Lord of Westmoreland.  m ISABEL, daughter of JOHN FitzGeoffrey & his wife Isabel ---.  The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the fourth (unnamed) daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…" married "domino --- de Westmoreland", adding that they had two daughters "Idonia et Isabella, de quibus una" married "Rogero de Clifford" by whom she had "Robertus de Clifford"[591]

 

 

 

WELLES

 

 

1.         WALTER FitzRademerm ---.  The name of Walter’s wife is not known.  Walter & his wife had children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Welle of Wells and Claxby, Norfolk (-before 1198)m MATILDA de Gand, daughter of WALTER de Gand & his wife Mathilde de Penthièvre.  Her parentage and marriage are noted in Domesday Descendants[592].  William & his wife had children: 

i)          ISABEL ([1134/35]-after 1212).  "Roberto filio Hugonis et Rogero fratre eius, Isabella uxore Roberti filii Hugonis, Philippo et Roberto et Rogero filiis eius, Waltero filio Walteri filio Hugonis, Gaufrido capellano" witnessed the undated charter under which "Willielmus de Dentuna" donated property at "Langhage" to Kirkstead abbey[593].  "Robertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the donation of "bosco…Langhage" by "Willielmus de Dentuna frater meus" to Kirkstead abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero filio Hugonis, Isabella uxore mea…"[594].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that "uxor Roberti filii Hugonis…filia Willelmi filii Walteri de Welle" was 50 years old and had "x pueros", and in a later passage names her “Elisabeth que fuit uxor Roberti filii Hugonis” and her property "in Meltesbi…de maritagio suo, de feodo Willelmi filii Walteri" whose daughter he had married, with land "de honore Peverelli…terra…de Toleshunt"[595].  The Testa de Nevill records that in 1212 "Robertus de Tateshala" held land "in capite de domino rege in Candluobi" in Lincolnshire which "Elysabet mater predicti Roberti…tenet in dote"[596].  m ROBERT de Tattershall, son of HUGH Brito [de Tattershall] & his wife --- (-after 1185). 

 

 

 

WELLETON

 

 

1.         ALANm ---.  The name of Alan’s wife is not known.  Alan & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         BRIEN FitzAlan de Welleton (-[1171]).  "…Briennio filio Alani…" witnessed the charter dated to [1154] under which Conan IV Duke of Brittany confirmed the privileges of the men of his Soke of Gayton, Lincolnshire[597].  "…Brieno filio Alano…" witnessed the charter dated to [1164] which records an agreement between Kirkstead abbey and "Alberedam uxorem Radulfi filii Haconis et Simonem filium eius" concerning pasture in the fields of Gayton le Wold and Grimblethorpe[598]"Briennus filius Alani de [Welletun]" donated property in Gayton le Wold to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Ediue uxoris mee", by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Willelmo filio --- fratre meo…"[599]m EDITH, daughter of ---.  "Briennus filius Alani de [Welletun]" donated property in Gayton le Wold to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Ediue uxoris mee", by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Willelmo filio --- fratre meo…"[600].  "…Editha uxore Brienni de Welletun…" witnessed the charter, dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, under which "Beatrix olim uxor Joslani de Engelbi" gave quitclaim to the monks of Kirkstead abbey relating to land in Thorpe in the Fallows donated by her husband[601].  Brien & his wife had three children: 

i)          ALAN

ii)         RALPH .  "Giekellus de Jerdeburc filius Alani et Radulphus filius Brienni nepos eius" gave quitclaim to "Helie Moysant" relating to land at Grainthorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Thoma filio Alani…"[602].  "Radulfus filius Brienni de Welletuna" donated a quarter of land at "Germundtorp…de conquisto patris mei" to "Roberto fratri meo" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Giekello filio Alani…"[603]m ---.  The name of Ralph’s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

(a)       [ROBERT .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus filius Radulfi" holding seven knights’ fees from "Roberti de Staffordia" in Staffordshire in 1166[604].] 

iii)        ROBERT .  "Radulfus filius Brienni de Welletuna" donated a quarter of land at "Germundtorp…de conquisto patris mei" to "Roberto fratri meo" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Giekello filio Alani…"[605]

b)         [WILLIAM] .  "Briennus filius Alani de [Welletun]" donated property in Gayton le Wold to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Ediue uxoris mee", by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II, witnessed by "…Willelmo filio --- fratre meo…"[606].  Because of the blank space in this charter, it is unclear whether William was the name of the donor’s brother or whether the space was large enough for more than one name to have been omitted.] 

c)         GIKELL de Jedburgh .  "Giekellus de Jerdeburc filius Alani et Radulphus filius Brienni nepos eius" gave quitclaim to "Helie Moysant" relating to land at Grainthorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Thoma filio Alani…"[607].  "Radulfus filius Brienni de Welletuna" donated a quarter of land at "Germundtorp…de conquisto patris mei" to "Roberto fratri meo" by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Giekello filio Alani…"[608]

d)         [THOMAS FitzAlan .  "Giekellus de Jerdeburc filius Alani et Radulphus filius Brienni nepos eius" gave quitclaim to "Helie Moysant" relating to land at Grainthorpe by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "…Thoma filio Alani…"[609].] 

 

 

 

WINDSOR

 

 

WALTER FitzOther of Windsor, son of --- (-after 1100).  Domesday Book records land held by “Walter fitzOther” in Will Hall, Neatham Hundred and Malshanger, Chuteley Hundred in Hampshire, in Berkshire including in Ripplesmere Hundred and Nakedthorn Hundred, Stanwell in Middlesex/Surrey[610].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Walterus filius Oteri, castellanus de Uuildesore" restored "duas silvas…Virdelæ et Basceat, apud Winckefeld nostram villam" to the abbot of Abingdon, dated to [1100/16], and that "uxorem suam Beatricem cum filio suo Willelmo" effected the transfer 8 Sep[611]

m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-after 1100).  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Walterus filius Oteri, castellanus de Uuildesore" restored "duas silvas…Virdelæ et Basceat, apud Winckefeld nostram villam" to the abbot of Abingdon, dated to [1100/16], and that "uxorem suam Beatricem cum filio suo Willelmo" effected the transfer 8 Sep[612]

Walter & his wife had four children: 

1.         WILLIAM [I] FitzWalter (-[1154/60]).  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "Walterus filius Oteri, castellanus de Uuildesore" restored "duas silvas…Virdelæ et Basceat, apud Winckefeld nostram villam" to the abbot of Abingdon, dated to [1100/16], and that "uxorem suam Beatricem cum filio suo Willelmo" effected the transfer 8 Sep[613].  He succeeded his father in [1100/16] as forester of Windsor and lord of Eton[614].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that Henry I King of England notified "Willelmo filio Walteri et Croco venatori et Ricardo servienti et omnibus ministris de foresta Windesores" that he had granted tithes of all venison to Abingdon abbey, witnessed by "…Eudone dapifero" (which dates the notification to [1116/20][615].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Walti" at "Forest de Windesor" in Berkshire[616].  Empress Matilda confirmed that "Willelmus filius Walteri" should be "custodiam castelli de Windesh", and the lands which "ipse Willelmus et antecessores sui" had from Henry I King of England, by charter dated to [1141/42][617]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM [II] de Windsor (-[1175/76]).  Henry II King of England confirmed to "Willelmo de Windesoriis" the land of "Willelmi filii Walteri patris sui et Walteri filii Otheri avi sui", dated to [1154/60][618]

-        see below

b)         WALTER de Windsor (-before 1184).  Dugdale records that “Walter de Windlesores and Christiana his wife” donated "Wormingford…church" to Wix priory, Essex by undated charter[619].  “Walterus de Windlesores” donated "elemosinam ecclesiam de Suinelande" to Wix priory, Essex by undated charter[620].  "...Walter de Windlesoure..." witnessed the charter dated to [1166] under which William King of Scotland confirmed the grant of property to “Robert de Brus[621]m [CHRISTIANA de Wiham, daughter of ---.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Cristina de Wiham i militem" in the fief of "Willelmi de Montefichet" in Essex in 1166[622].]  Dugdale records that “Walter de Windlesores and Christiana his wife” donated "Wormingford…church" to Wix priory, Essex by undated charter[623].  Walter & his wife had three children: 

i)          WALTER de Windsor (-1203).  The 1197/98 Feet of Fines records a settlement dated 18 Apr 1198 between "Waltm de Winlesore" and "Willm de Windesor" relating to the barony of "Willi de Windesor avi eorum", with land at "Burneham…Bekenefeld…Etona…Orton…Horslea…Stanewell et Lesmores…Horton…"[624]

ii)         CHRISTIANA de Windsor (-[1206/07]).  "Dunecani de Lasceles" donated land "in territorio de Seggin" to St Andrew’s priory, for the souls of "mme et C. uxoris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "Herneyo de Lasceles, Ricardo filio eius…"[625].  "Duncan de Lasceles and Christiana his wife account for 10 l for having her land of Boultona which is her heritage, since she cannot have a reasonable part of her heritage in Scotland", dated [1200/01][626].  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the 1206/07 Pipe Roll which records that "Ralf de Hosdeng and Duncan de Lasceles and Christiana his wife account for 240 marks for having the whole land which Walter de Windlesores held of the K. [John] in capite the day he died"[627]m as his first wife, DUNCAN de Lascelles, son of --- (-after 1 Dec 1208). 

iii)        GUNNOR de Windsor (-[1205/06]).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the 1206/07 Pipe Roll which records that "Ralf de Hosdeng and Duncan de Lasceles and Christiana his wife account for 240 marks for having the whole land which Walter de Windlesores held of the K. [John] in capite the day he died"[628]m HUGH de Hosdenc, son of ---. 

2.         GERALD FitzWalter (-before 1136).  He was granted Moulsford, Berkshire and held land in Pembrokeshire[629].  The Annales Cambriæ record that "Geraldus præfectus de Penbroc" laid waste to "Meneviæ fines" in 1097[630]m (1100) NESTA of Wales, daughter of RHYS ap Tudor Mawr King of Deheubarth [South Wales] & his wife Gwladus ---.  The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales names, in 1106, "Nest daughter of Rhys son of Tewdwr and wife of Gerald the steward" and "Gwladus daughter of Rhiwallon, the mother of Nest", when recording that "Owain [son of Cadwgan son of Bleddyn]…accompanied by a small retinue [visited] her as his kinswoman" in the castle in which his father organised a feast and later reentered the castle and abducted her "with her two sons and daughter and also another son that he [=her husband] had by a concubine"[631].  She became mistress firstly of Henry I King of England, and secondly of Stephen Constable of Cardigan, as shown by the Expugnatio Hibernica which records that "Robertus filius Stephani" was freed from prison in Wales, naming "matre…Nesta, Resi magni filia"[632].  Gerald & his wife had three children: 

a)         MAURICE FitzGerald (-Wexford 1 Sep 1176).  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "David Menevensi episcopo et Mauricio Giraldi filio" as brothers of "Robertus filius Stephani"[633]

-        IRELAND – EARLS of DESMOND, EARLS of KILDARE

b)         DAVID (-1177, bur St David's Cathedral).  The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales names "David Bishop of Menevia and William the Bastard…sons to Gerald the steward" as the brothers of "Robert son of Stephen by Nest daughter of Rhys son of Tewdwr"[634].  The Annales Cambriæ record the succession in 1150 of "David filius Giraldi" as "episcopus Meneviæ" after the death of Bishop Bernard[635].  Bishop of St David's.  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "David Menevensi episcopo et Mauricio Giraldi filio" as brothers of "Robertus filius Stephani"[636].  The Annales Cambriæ record the death in 1177 of "David episcopus Menevensis" and his burial "in ecclesia Menevensi"[637].  Bishop David had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

i)          MILES .  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "Milo Menevensis, tam Stephanidæ quam Mauricii nepos…Henrici filius Robertus, Meilerii frater"[638].  Feudal Baron of Iverk, co. Kilkenny.  Ancestor of the family of Barron of Brownsford, co. Kilkenny[639]

c)         ANGHARAD .  She and her husband were parents of the historian "Giraldus Cambrensis".  m WILLIAM de Barry of Manorbier, son of ---.  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "Roberto Barrensi" and "Meilerius" as "Stephanidæque alter ex fratre, alter ex sorore nepotes"[640]

Gerald had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

d)         WILLIAM FitzGerald of Carew Castle, Pembrokeshire (-1173).  The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales names "David Bishop of Menevia and William the Bastard…sons to Gerald the steward" as the brothers of "Robert son of Stephen by Nest daughter of Rhys son of Tewdwr"[641].  The Annales Cambriæ name "Willielmus filius Geraldi" among those who destroyed "castellum Wix" in 1148[642]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had four children: 

i)          RAYMOND "le Gros"

ii)         GRIFFITH .  The Expugnatio Hibernica names "nepos…Mauricii Stephanidæque, Griffinus"[643]

iii)        ODO .  Ancestor of the Baronets CAREW[644]

iv)        daughter .  m ---.  One child: 

(a)        DAVID "the Welshman" . 

3.         MAURICE de Windsor (-after 1130).  Round suggests that Maurice was another son of Walter FitzOther[645]His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1155] under which Henry II King of England confirmed to "Ralph de Hastynges dapifero of the queen" the lands formerly belonging to Ralph steward of St Edmund’s and to "Maurice de Windsor maternal uncle of the said Ralph de Hastings" by charter dated to [1155][646]The abbot of Bury St Edmunds granted stewardship of the abbey to "Mauricius de Windleshore" by charter dated to [1115/19], witnessed by "Robertus de Wyndelshore, Reinaldus de Wyndeleshore"[647].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Mauric de Windesor" in Dorsetshire[648]same person as…?  MAURICE de Windsor (-after 25 May 1130).  "Maurice de Windsor and Edgidia his wife" donated the church of St Edmund at Hoxne to Norwich Cathedral priory by charter dated 25 May 1130[649]m EGIDIA, daughter of --- (-after 25 May 1130).  "Maurice de Windsor and Edgidia his wife" donated the church of St Edmund at Hoxne to Norwich Cathedral priory by charter dated 25 May 1130[650]Andrew Lancaster discusses sources which indicate that Maurice’s wife may have been Edith, daughter of Walter “the deacon” and his [second] wife ---[651]

4.         daughter Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1155] under which Henry II King of England confirmed to "Ralph de Hastynges dapifero of the queen" the lands formerly belonging to Ralph steward of St Edmund’s and to "Maurice de Windsor maternal uncle of the said Ralph de Hastings" by charter dated to [1155][652]m WILLIAM [I] de Hastings, son of ---. 

 

 

WILLIAM [II] de Windsor, son of WILLIAM [I] FitzWalter & his wife --- (-[1175/76]).  Henry II King of England confirmed to "Willelmo de Windesoriis" the land of "Willelmi filii Walteri patris sui et Walteri filii Otheri avi sui", dated to [1154/60][653].  The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus de Windr" making payment in Buckinghamshire/Bedfordshire and "in perdona per breve Regis Hawise de Windr uxori eius"[654]

m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus de Windr" making payment in Buckinghamshire/Bedfordshire and "in perdona per breve Regis Hawise de Windr uxori eius"[655].  The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "Hawisa de Windr" accounting for "Berchhamsteda" in Buckinghamshire/Bedfordshire[656].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Hawisia de Windesore” having “vii filias, quarum ii sunt in transmarinis partibus, ii sunt moniales, iii sunt in donatione Domini Regis", in another passage recording "Hawisia de Windesore" with "i filium…xviii annorum et vi filias" and "terra sua in Stanwelle"[657]

William [II] & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.         WILLIAM [III] de Windsor ([1162/64]-[1215]).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus de Windesore, filius Willelmi de Windesore senioris…de xviii annorum”, adding that he was “in custodia Hawisie de Windesore matris sue per ix annos cum terra sua…Hortone et Etone"[658].  The 1197/98 Feet of Fines records a settlement dated 18 Apr 1198 between "Waltm de Winlesore" and "Willm de Windesor" relating to the barony of "Willi de Windesor avi eorum", with land at "Burneham…Bekenefeld…Etona…Orton…Horslea…Stanewell et Lesmores…Horton…"[659]m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM [IV] de Windsor (-1248).  He was ancestor of LORDS WINDSOR of Stanwell[660]

2.         [six or seven] daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Hawisia de Windesore” having “vii filias, quarum ii sunt in transmarinis partibus, ii sunt moniales, iii sunt in donatione Domini Regis", in another passage recording "Hawisia de Windesore" with "i filium…xviii annorum et vi filias" and "terra sua in Stanwelle"[661]

 

 

 

OTHER UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY

 

 

1.         HILBERTm ---.  The name of Hilbert’s wife is not known.  Hilbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ENGUERRAND FitzHilbert (-after 24 Apr 1089).  "…Ingelrannus filius Ilberti…" witnessed the charter dated to [1073] under which William I King of England confirmed the donation by "Nielli filii alterius Nielli" made by "suus pater" of six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier[662].  "…Ingilranni filii Hilberti…" witnessed a charter dated to [1077] under which William I King of England granted property to the abbey of Saint-Etienne de Caen[663].  "Ingelrannus, Hilberti filius" donated property to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "domini mei Willelmi Anglorum regis et Mathildis reginæ coniugis eius, filiorumque eorum Rotberti atque Willelmi", by charter dated 1080[664].  "…Eudo de Ria fitz Hubert…Engelramn fitz Hubert…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Jul 1080 under which William I King of England confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Lessay[665].  "…Engelrannus filius Ilberti…" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[666].  "…Engelranus filius Ilberti…" witnessed the charter dated 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy confirmed the restoration of the monastery of Saint-Vigor near Bayeux[667]

 

 

1.         GILBERTm ---.  Gilbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         BALDRIC (-after 1130).  "Willelmo de Albin Britone et Ricardo Basset et Bald filio Gisleberti" witnessed the charter dated 1130 under which Henry I King of England confirmed protection over St Mary’s, Thorney[668]

 

2.         BALDRICm ---.  Baldric & his wife had one child: 

a)         RALPH (-after 1133).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation "in Stottona" to St Mary’s, Huntingdon by "Radulfus filius Baldr" by charter dated to [before 1133][669]

 

3.         BALDRICm ---.  Baldric & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH FitzBaldric .  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Hotona…in Normanby…et in Kyrkeby-Misperton” by “Hugo Baldrici filius[670].  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Hugo fil[ius] Baldri, Fulco f[rate]r Alein, Roger f[rate]r eius, Ricard avuncl ei[us]"[671]m ---.  The name of Hugh’s wife is not known.  Hugh & his wife had two children: 

i)          RICHARD .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Hugo fil[ius] Baldri, Fulco f[rate]r Alein, Roger f[rate]r eius, Ricard avuncl ei[us]"[672]

ii)         ISABELLE .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[673]m GUY de Craon, son of --- (-after 1085). 

 

 

1.         ULF Fornesson .  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Skertenbek” by “Ulfe Formesson[674]

 

 

1.         PICARD (-after [1123]).  "…Picard…Roger fil Pic…" subscribed the charter dated to [1123] records that "Walt de Gloec" gave Little Hereford in fee to "Willo de Mara nepoti suo"[675]m ---.  The name of Picard’s wife is not known.  Picard & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROGER FitzPicard (-after [1123]).  "…Picard…Roger fil Pic…" subscribed the charter dated to [1123] records that "Walt de Gloec" gave Little Hereford in fee to "Willo de Mara nepoti suo"[676]

 

 

1.         HUGH de Turbeville (-after [1123]).  "…Hugo de Turbuilla…" subscribed the charter dated to [1123] records that "Walt de Gloec" gave Little Hereford in fee to "Willo de Mara nepoti suo"[677]

 

 

1.         HILDEBRAND .  His name suggests Italian or Germanic origin.  As his son was a supporter of Empress Matilda during the civil war with King Stephen, it is possible that Hildebrand came to England from the imperial court, after the death of Emperor Heinrich V, with the emperor’s widow.  m ---.  The name of Hildebrand’s wife is not known.  Hildebrand & his wife two children: 

a)         ROBERT FitzHildebrand (-[1142]).  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] witnessed by "…Rob fil Heldebrand…"[678].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Robertum filium Hildebrandi" fell in love with "Willelmus de Ponte Arcarum…uxorem", imprisoned her husband, but died from a painful illness, dated from the context to [1142][679]

b)         RICHARD FitzHildebrand (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus filius Hildebrant" held half of one knight’s fee in Dorset from the abbot of Sherborne and five knights’ fees from the bishop of Salisbury in Wiltshire[680]

 

 

1.         SERLONm ---.  The name of Serlon’s wife is not known.  Serlon & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills fil Serlon" in Oxfordshire in respect of "Liemer"[681]

b)         RICHARD FitzSerlon (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardus filius Serlonis" held one knight’s fee from "Ricardi dil Estre" in Somerset[682]

 

 

1.         BERTRAM de Bulmer (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Bertrann de Bulemer" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[683]

 

 

1.         PAYNm ---.  The name of Payn’s wife is not known.  Payn & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT FitzPayn (-after 1130).  Henry I King of England granted land "quæ fuit Ebrardi avunculi sui in Chillun" [Kilham, Yorkshire] to "Roberto filio Pagani" by charter dated to [1126] witnessed by "Henrico de Pomer, Eustacio filio Johannis, Roberto de Bruis, Waltero Espec"[684].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt fil Pag…terra Ebrardi avunculi sui" in Yorkshire[685]

 

2.         PAYNm ---.  The name of Payn’s wife is not known.  Payn & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFREY FitzPayn (-1136).  "…Gaufr fil Pag…" subscribed the charter dated to [10 Apr/29 May] 1121 which records the arrangements for the marriage of "Miloni de Gloec" and "Sibilia filia Beorndi de Novo Mercato"[686].  "…Gaufrido filio Pagani" witnessed the charter dated 1127 under which Henry I King of England granted "custodiam et constabulariam castelli Roffi" to the archbishop of Canterbury[687].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr fil Pag" in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire[688]

 

3.         GEOFFROY (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr fil Cancell" in Dorsetshire[689]

 

4.         TURBOT (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Turbot fil Chembel" in Wiltshire[690]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Turville (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de Turbtiuilla" in Dorsetshire[691]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Sackville (-before 1161).  m ---.  The name of William’s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         MABILE .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the letter of Pope Alexander III dated 8 Apr 1161, addressed to the bishop of Chichester, relating to the dispute concerning the inheritance of "Willielmi de Saccavilla" between "filia…Mabilla de Franceville" and "ex sorore nepos…Ricardum de Anesten", the latter claiming that the former was "de illicito matrimonio…genitam"[692]m --- de Franceville, son of ---.  

2.         sister .  m --- de Anestia, son of ---. 

a)         RICHARD de Anestia [Anesten] .  His parentage are confirmed by the letter of Pope Alexander III dated 8 Apr 1161, addressed to the bishop of Chichester, relating to the dispute concerning the inheritance of "Willielmi de Saccavilla" between "filia…Mabilla de Franceville" and "ex sorore nepos…Ricardum de Anesten"[693]

 

 

1.         PETER .  Camerarius.  m ---.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFREY (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Petrus camerarius" used to hold three knights` fees in Hampshire now held by "Galfridus filius eius"[694]

 

 

1.         ALDELINm ---.  Aldelin & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzAldelin (-after 1166).  Marshall.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the names of tenants who held knights` fees from land granted by the king to "Willelmo filio Aldelin marscallo suo cum Juliana filia Roberti Dorsnelli"[695]m JULIANA, daughter of ROBERT Dorsnell & his wife --- (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the names of tenants who held knights` fees from land granted by the king to "Willelmo filio Aldelin marscallo suo cum Juliana filia Roberti Dorsnelli"[696]

 

 

1.         ALARD FitzWilliamm ---.  Alard & his wife had two children: 

a)         daughter .  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Alardus filius Willelmi" held "feudum unius militis de hereditate uxoris sue in Gathamthune", which King John granted to "Walterus Pipard…in maritagio cum uxore sua, filia predicti Alardi"[697].  m ([1199/1212]) WALTER Pipard, son of ---.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Walterus Pipardus vi milites" among the tenants of the honour of Wallingford[698].  

b)         daughter .  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Baldewinus de Kantilup" held "Powrd" in Oxfordshire "de dono Regis Johannes cum filia Alardi filii Willelmi"[699].  m (before 1210) BALDWIN de Cauntelo, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         GILBERT de Calveley (-before 1200).  m ALICE, daughter of ---.  "Gilb fil Gilb de Calweleya et Alic mater eius" paid a fine for "terra que fuit G. patris sui die que obiit" in Northumberland and to marry "per voluntate sua et consilio matris sue", dated 1201[700]Gilbert & his wife had one child:  

a)         GILBERT de Calveley (-after 1212).  "Gilb fil Gilb de Calweleya et Alic mater eius" paid a fine for "terra que fuit G. patris sui die que obiit" in Northumberland and to marry "per voluntate sua et consilio matris sue", dated 1201[701].  "Gilbertus de Calweleg" paid a fine for "heritanda Jattlincton" in Northumberland, dated 1199[702].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Gillebertus de Calveleya" holding "in capite de domino rege ii villas" in Northumberland which had been held by "omnes…antecessores sui…post tempus Regis Willelmi Bastardi"[703].  

 

 



[1] Loyd (1951), p. 100. 

[2] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), Series 2, Vol. 28,. 

[3] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), p. 179. 

[4] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, Vol. I, 89, p. 23. 

[5] Liber Eliensis, Vol. I, II, 117, p. 252. 

[6] Dugdale Monasticon III, Spalding Monastery, Lincolnshire, V, p. 216. 

[7] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, p. 553.   

[8] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[9] Domesday Translation, Lincolnshire, XIIII, pp. 909-14. 

[10] Dugdale Monasticon VI.3, Lincoln Cathedral, IV, p. 1271.   

[11] Ingulph's Chronicle, pp. 258-9. 

[12] Chronicon Petroburgense, 1074, p. 58. 

[13] Dugdale Monasticon III, Spalding Monastery, Lincolnshire, I, p. 215.   

[14] Dugdale Monasticon III, Spalding Monastery, Lincolnshire, V, p. 216.   

[15] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 259. 

[16] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, p. 553.   

[17] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 259. 

[18] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XI, p. 551.   

[19] Domesday Descendants, p. 539. 

[20] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire VI, p. 909.   

[21] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, p. 553.   

[22] Domesday Translation, Hertfordshire, I, p. 370. 

[23] Domesday Translation, Buckinghamshire, LIIII, p. 420, Bedfordshire, LV, p. 586. 

[24] Domesday Translation, Hertfordshire, XLIII, p. 393. 

[25] Domesday Translation, Lincolnshire, LXVI, pp. 955-6. 

[26] FitzHerbert ‘Tailbois and Neville’, p. 31. 

[27] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Ardennes, 52, p. 7. 

[28] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Ardennes, 52, p. 7. 

[29] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), p. 180 [no source citation]. 

[30] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, Ex Libro Feod. milit. pence Remem. Regis in Scncc., p. 553.   

[31] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 26. 

[32] Red Book of the Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 563. 

[33] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 203. 

[34] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), p. 180, citing Pipe Rolls 23 Hen II and 10 Richard I. 

[35] Rotuli Chartarum, 1 John, p. 51. 

[36] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 364. 

[37] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary Abbey, XX, Ex Libro Feod. milit. pence Remem. Regis in Scncc., p. 553.   

[38] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 563. 

[39] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 203. 

[40] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), p. 181, citing “16 John” (no precise citation reference). 

[41] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 250. 

[42] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 347, p. 94. 

[43] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), p. 181 (no sources cited). 

[44] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), p. 181 (no sources cited). 

[45] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 375, p. 102. 

[46] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 375, p. 102. 

[47] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), Appendix, I, p. 231. 

[48] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 375, p. 102. 

[49] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 406, p. 234. 

[50] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 406, p. 234. 

[51] Ragg ‘Cliburn Tailbois’ (1928), p. 181 (no sources cited). 

[52] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome III, DCLIX, p. 42, footnote 1. 

[53] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Covenham Priory, Lincolnshire, I, p. 993.   

[54] Dugdale Monasticon V, Barnstaple Priory, Devonshire, I, p. 197. 

[55] Domesday Translation, Devonshire, XVII, pp. 306-12, Cornwall, VI, p. 357. 

[56] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Totness Priory, Devonshire, I, p. 630. 

[57] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Totness Priory, Devonshire, II, p. 630. 

[58] Darsy (1860), p. 26, citing Hermannus monachus De miraculis sanctæ Mariæ laudunensis, lib. II, cap. XVII, p. 540 (available in Patrologia Latina, Vol. 156, not yet consulted). 

[59] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Devonshire, p. 153. 

[60] Gesta Stephani Regis, I, p. 24. 

[61] Saint-Florent Saumur (Chartes normandes), 20, p. 688. 

[62] Dugdale Monasticon V, Barnstaple Priory, Devonshire, V, p. 198. 

[63] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Devonshire, p. 2. 

[64] Domesday Descendants, p. 743. 

[65] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccxl. 

[66] Loyd (1951), p. 105. 

[67] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[68] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[69] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[70] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[71] Dugdale Monasticon V, Barnstaple Priory, Devonshire, IV, p. 198. 

[72] Pipe Roll 11 Hen II (1164/65), p. 81. 

[73] Malmesbury, Vol. II, CLXXVI, p. 34. 

[74] Domesday Descendants, p. 675. 

[75] Dugdale Monasticon V, Barnstaple Priory, Devonshire, IV, p. 198. 

[76] Pipe Roll 11 Hen II (1164/65), p. 81. 

[77] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 42. 

[78] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 635. 

[79] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Devonshire, p. 2. 

[80] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 88. 

[81] Feet of Fines 1182-1196, 100, p. 83. 

[82] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 298. 

[83] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 16. 

[84] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 19. 

[85] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 515. 

[86] Testa de Nevill, Part I, pp. 254 and 264. 

[87] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 89a. 

[88] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 120. 

[89] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 430. 

[90] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/12, 4 Hen III, 43. 

[91] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/16, 6 Hen III, 206. 

[92] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 24. 

[93] Dugdale Monasticon V, Whiteland Abbey, Carmarthenshire, II, p. 591. 

[94] Malmesbury, Vol. II, CLXXVI, p. 34. 

[95] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 18 John, p. 604. 

[96] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 217. 

[97] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 21. 

[98] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 76, p. 56. 

[99] Drake ‘De Braose, Martyn, Audley and FitzWaryn’ (1882), p. 16, citing “King’s Writ to Sheriff of Devon (16 Rich II) 1391”. 

[100] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 76, p. 56. 

[101] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 144, p. 35. 

[102] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[103] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/11, 3 Hen III, 83. 

[104] Round (1899), 719, p. 258. 

[105] Domesday Descendants, p. 743. 

[106] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXVIII, p. 123. 

[107] Round (1899), 558, p. 195. 

[108] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 248. 

[109] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 42. 

[110] Actes Henri II, Tome I, CCLXXII, p. 418. 

[111] Radulphus de Diceto, Ymagines Historiarum, col. 555. 

[112] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1171, MGH SS XXIII, p. 854. 

[113] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 639. 

[114] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLVII, p. 137. 

[115] Rotuli Normanniæ, Vol. I, p. 38. 

[116] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccxxxviii. 

[117] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 16. 

[118] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, p. 96. 

[119] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 628. 

[120] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire, II, p. 382.   

[121] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, p. 96. 

[122] Rotuli Chartarum, 2 John, p. 79. 

[123] Rotuli Chartarum, 2 John, p. 79. 

[124] Round (1899), 558, p. 195. 

[125] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLVII, p. 137. 

[126] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLVII, p. 137. 

[127] Vincent ‘Murderers of Thomas Becket’ (2003), p. 238 footnote 119. 

[128] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLVII, p. 137. 

[129] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I, p. 171. 

[130] Rotuli Chartarum, 2 John, p. 79. 

[131] Rotuli Chartarum, 2 John, p. 79. 

[132] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 15. 

[133] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccxl, footnote x continuation from previous page. 

[134] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 88. 

[135] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 296. 

[136] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 298. 

[137] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire, II, p. 382.   

[138] Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 21. 

[139] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. 515. 

[140] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccxl, footnote x continuation from previous page. 

[141] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. II, DCCXXVII, p. 180. 

[142] Barlow (1990), p. 235. 

[143] Vincent ‘Murderers of Thomas Becket’ (2003), p. 232. 

[144] Vincent ‘Murderers of Thomas Becket’ (2003), p. 233, citing Royce, D. (ed.) (1892) Landboc sive registrum monasterii beatæ Mariæ virginis et sancti Cenhelmi de Winchelcumba (Exeter), Vol. I, pp. 191-3 (not yet consulted). 

[145] Round (1899), 912, p. 324. 

[146] Vincent ‘Murderers of Thomas Becket’, p. 233, citing BL Sloane Charter XXXIII.3 (not yet consulted). 

[147] Vincent ‘Murderers of Thomas Becket’, p. 233, citing Royce, D. (ed.) (1892) Landboc sive registrum monasterii beatæ Mariæ virginis et sancti Cenhelmi de Winchelcumba (Exeter), Vol. I, pp. 191-3 (not yet consulted). 

[148] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. II, DCCXXVII, p. 180. 

[149] Eynsham, Vol. I, 187, p. 138. 

[150] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1732, p. 568. 

[151] CP XI Appendix D, p. 110, footnote l continued from previous page. 

[152] Loyd (1951), p. 106. 

[153] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Essex, p. 56, Norfolk, p. 95. 

[154] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Bresethe Priory, Suffolk, I, p. 174.   

[155] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Snape Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 558. 

[156] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 51. 

[157] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Norfolk, Hundredum de Hapinges, p. 30. 

[158] Kirk (1899), Vol. I, 9 Ric I, 58, p. 18. 

[159] Feet of Fines for Essex, Vol. I, 9 Ric I, 58, p. 18. 

[160] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Essex, Hundredum de Turst, p. 41. 

[161] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 77. 

[162] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Essex & Hertfordshire, p. 31. 

[163] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 479.  

[164] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Essex, Hundredum de Turst, p. 41. 

[165] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 275. 

[166] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1738, p. 574. 

[167] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Norfolk, Hundredum de Hapinges, p. 30. 

[168] Bigelow (1881), Appendix, F, p. 311

[169] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 633. 

[170] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCXXXIX, p. 370. 

[171] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 76. 

[172] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Honor de Arundel, p. 9. 

[173] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 6 John, p. 219. 

[174] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 484 and 496. 

[175] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 74. 

[176] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dore Abbey, Herefordshire, IX, p. 555.   

[177] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Acornbury Priory, Herefordshire, VII, p. 491.   

[178] Excerpta e Rotulis Finium in Turri Londinensi asservatis (1835), Vol. I, p. 307. 

[179] Bannister (1902), 20, p. 50. 

[180] Bannister (1902), XIII, p. 61. 

[181] Gurney (1845) Part I, The Gournays in Normandy, p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[182] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[183] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 603, p. 453. 

[184] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[185] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 412, p. 274. 

[186] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[187] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 603, p. 453. 

[188] Gurney (1845), p. 149, quoting Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, MS British Museum. 

[189] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 603, p. 453. 

[190] CP VI 60. 

[191] Bannister (1902), 26, p. 51. 

[192] Bannister (1902), 26, p. 51. 

[193] Bannister (1902), p. 25. 

[194] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dore Abbey, Herefordshire, IX, p. 555.   

[195] Bannister (1902), 20, p. 50. 

[196] Bannister (1902), p. 25. 

[197] Calendar of Charter Rolls, Vol. III, p. 420. 

[198] Round (1899), 883, p. 315. 

[199] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 47. 

[200] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[201] Dugdale Monasticon V, Southwark Priory, p. 169. 

[202] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[203] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[204] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[205] Round (1899), 883, p. 315. 

[206] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 47. 

[207] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[208] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Boxgrove Priory, Sussex, VIII, p. 647. 

[209] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Boxgrove Priory, Sussex, IX, p. 647. 

[210] Farrer (1925), Vol. III, p. 31, citing Cott. MS. Claud. A. vi, f. 65. 

[211] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Boxgrove Priory, Sussex, VIII, p. 647. 

[212] Farrer (1925), Vol. III, p. 31, citing Cott. MS. Claud. A. vi, f. 65. 

[213] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Boxgrove Priory, Sussex, IX, p. 647. 

[214] Round (1899), 142, p. 47. 

[215] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[216] Clark (1907), I, 22, p. 47. 

[217] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli III, Norhamtonsire, p. 14. 

[218] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 288. 

[219] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[220] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[221] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[222] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[223] Dugdale Monasticon V, Rievall Abbey, Yorkshire, III, Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia, p. 280. 

[224] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli I, Lincolnscir, p. 1. 

[225] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[226] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[227] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[228] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[229] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[230] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[231] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 288. 

[232] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 361. 

[233] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Barnwell Priory, Cambridgeshire, II, De Morte Pagani Peverell, pp. 86-7. 

[234] Liber Memorandum Ecclesie de Bernewelle, I, 22, p. 47. 

[235] Dugdale Monasticon II, Belvoir Monastery, Lincolnshire, XI, p. 290.   

[236] Domesday Translation, Hertfordshire, XXXVI, pp. 389-90, Essex, XXXVI, pp. 1029-30, Norfolk, pp. 1165-7. 

[237] Domesday Translation, Hertfordshire, I, p. 370. 

[238] Liber Eliensis, Vol. I, II, 117, p. 252. 

[239] Dugdale Monasticon V, Bermondsey Abbey, Surrey, II, p. 100.   

[240] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[241] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, VI, p. 348.   

[242] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum, Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXXII, p. 355. 

[243] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[244] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[245] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[246] CP IX 412, footnote c, citing Cartulary of Thetford Abbey, Cott. MS., Vitell., F iv, fo. 161, Historical Manuscripts Commission, Var. Coll., Vol. II, p. 227. 

[247] Norwich Cathedral, I, 121, p. 68 [extract only, in translation]. 

[248] CP IX 412, footnote c, citing Cartulary of Thetford Abbey, Cott. MS., Vitell., F iv, fo. 161, Historical Manuscripts Commission, Var. Coll., Vol. II, p. 227. 

[249] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[250] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 114. 

[251] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 114. 

[252] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 114. 

[253] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[254] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, VI, p. 348.   

[255] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[256] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[257] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 106, p. 39. 

[258] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 102. 

[259] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[260] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 102. 

[261] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[262] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[263] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 102. 

[264] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 98. 

[265] Liber Vitæ Dunelmensis, fol. 22b, p. 17. 

[266] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, IV, p. 380. 

[267] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, I, p. 380. 

[268] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[269] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[270] CP II 447. 

[271] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Leystone Abbey, Suffolk, IV, p. 879. 

[272] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[273] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[274] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[275] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Leystone Abbey, Suffolk, IV, p. 879. 

[276] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[277] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[278] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Leystone Abbey, Suffolk, IV, p. 879. 

[279] Early Charters (Crawford), XVI, p. 32. 

[280] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, II, p. 380. 

[281] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 190. 

[282] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1100, p. 116. 

[283] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, I, p. 345.   

[284] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXXII, p. 355. 

[285] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXV, p. 349. 

[286] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Hertfordshire, p. 62. 

[287] Round (1892), p. 286. 

[288] Norwich Cathedral, I, 121, p. 68 [extract only, in translation]. 

[289] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[290] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[291] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[292] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[293] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[294] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, IV, p. 347.   

[295] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus VII, Hertefordesire, Hundredum de Herdforde, p. 36, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[296] CP XII/2 footnote d. 

[297] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[298] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[299] Round (1892), p. 172. 

[300] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[301] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[302] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 114. 

[303] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 362. 

[304] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[305] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/22, 9 Hen III, 27. 

[306] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[307] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[308] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[309] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 360. 

[310] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 38. 

[311] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, IV, p. 347.   

[312] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 106. 

[313] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[314] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, IV, p. 347.   

[315] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 106. 

[316] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 106. 

[317] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 113. 

[318] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus VII, Hertefordesire, Hundredum de Herdforde, p. 36, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[319] Round ‘Comyn and Valoignes’ (Oct 1904), p. 132, quoting Red Book of the Exchequer, Vol. I, pp. 78, 94 and 361.  . 

[320] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, pp. 81 and 94. 

[321] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 97. 

[322] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[323] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 424. 

[324] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[325] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[326] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[327] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 349. 

[328] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 38. 

[329] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 424. 

[330] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 428. 

[331] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 428. 

[332] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[333] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, II, p. 346.   

[334] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[335] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[336] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 110. 

[337] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum, Vol. III, 106, p. 39. 

[338] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[339] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[340] Isle of May, 16, p. 11. 

[341] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[342] Dugdale Monasticon III, Binham Monastery, Norfolk, III, p. 346.   

[343] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 78. 

[344] Isle of May, 16, p. 11. 

[345] Domesday Descendants, p. 759. 

[346] Lindores, II, p. 2. 

[347] Kinloss, p. 109. 

[348] Scone, 19, p. 17. 

[349] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 428. 

[350] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 848, p. 150. 

[351] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1128, p. 147. 

[352] Melrose Liber, Tome I, 115, p. 107. 

[353] Joannis de Fordun (Goodall), Vol. II, Lib. IX, Cap. XXXIV, p. 43. 

[354] CP XII/2 751 footnote e. 

[355] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 199, p. 159. 

[356] CP V 133 footnote f, citing Fine Roll, 17 Hen. III, m. 5. 

[357] CP V 133 footnote f, citing Fine Roll, 17 Hen. III, m. 5.  

[358] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 199, p. 159. 

[359] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 280, p. 72. 

[360] CP V 133 footnote f, citing Fine Roll, 17 Hen. III, m. 5. 

[361] Vincent ‘Sir Alexander Balliol of Cavers’ (1882), p. 4, quoting cartulary of Binham Priory, Norfolk, Cotton MSS, Claudius D xiii, f. 151 b. 

[362] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 124. 

[363] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 575, p. 101. 

[364] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 848, p. 150. 

[365] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 848, p. 150. 

[366] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 170, p. 56. 

[367] Holyrood, 74, p. 62. 

[368] Panmure, Vol. II, p. 107. 

[369] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Butley Priory, Suffolk, I, p. 380. 

[370] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 634. 

[371] Pipe Roll 23 Hen II (1176/77), Devonshire, p. 6. 

[372] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 78. 

[373] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Yorkshire, p. 161. 

[374] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 3 John, p. 195. 

[375] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 114. 

[376] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 3 John, p. 195. 

[377] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 94. 

[378] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 97. 

[379] Hugo (1736), Tome II, Probationes, col. xxix. 

[380] CP XII/2 242. 

[381] Hugo (1736), Tome II, Probationes, col. xxix. 

[382] CP XII/2 242. 

[383] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 145. 

[384] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 17 footnote 1, quoting Pipe Roll, 12 John, Buckingham and Bedford. 

[385] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 17 footnote 1, quoting Pipe Roll, 12 John, Buckingham and Bedford. 

[386] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 469-70, and 472. 

[387] Testa de Nevill, Part IB, p. 462. 

[388] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. V, Edward II, 398, p. 220. 

[389] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 469-70. 

[390] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 469-70. 

[391] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 198. 

[392] Chronicle of Melrose, 1222, p. 58. 

[393] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Hickling Priory, Norfolk, I, p. 476.   

[394] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 116. 

[395] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Hickling Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 476.   

[396] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Hickling Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 476.   

[397] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 480. 

[398] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 532. 

[399] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 116. 

[400] Rotuli Chartarum, 5 John, p. 116. 

[401] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 503. 

[402] Pipe Roll 12 Hen II (1165/66), p. 41. 

[403] Pipe Roll 16 Hen II (1169/70), Lincolnshire, p. 37. 

[404] Dugdale Monasticon VI.3, St Peter’s Cathedral, York, Yorkshire LXXVIII, p. 1190.   

[405] Pipe Roll 28 Hen II (1181/82), p. 46. 

[406] Percy Chartulary, V, p. 5. 

[407] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 262. 

[408] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Gloucestershire, p. 3. 

[409] Round (1892), p. 286. 

[410] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 550, p. 425.  

[411] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 550, p. 425. 

[412] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 556. 

[413] Pipe Roll 7 Henry III, p. 97. 

[414] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 550, p. 425. 

[415] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2647, p. 394. 

[416] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2584, p. 385. 

[417] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 2584, p. 385. 

[418] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 189. 

[419] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 189. 

[420] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/21, 8 Hen III, 25. 

[421] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/21, 8 Hen III, 25. 

[422] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 420. 

[423] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 420. 

[424] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 420. 

[425] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 432, p. 247. 

[426] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 432, p. 247. 

[427] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 432, p. 247. 

[428] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 432, p. 247. 

[429] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[430] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, I, p. 69. 

[431] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XIII, p. 403. 

[432] Domesday Translation, Norfolk, p. 1100, Suffolk, p. 1223. 

[433] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, I, p. 69. 

[434] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XIII, p. 403. 

[435] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[436] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, II, p. 70. 

[437] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[438] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), p. 92. 

[439] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[440] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[441] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[442] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[443] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[444] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CXXXII, p. 340. 

[445] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[446] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), p. 92. 

[447] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[448] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[449] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 520. 

[450] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 285. 

[451] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, III, p. 126. 

[452] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 315. 

[453] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 74. 

[454] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[455] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[456] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[457] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, III, p. 126. 

[458] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Catesby Nunnery, Northamptonshire, II, p. 637. 

[459] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 653, p. 402. 

[460] CP IX 469, footnote i, citing Assize Roll 560, m 9. 

[461] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[462] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 653, p. 402. 

[463] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[464] Dugdale Monasticon V, Rievall Abbey, Yorkshire, III, Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia, p. 281. 

[465] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. II, Edward I, 653, p. 402. 

[466] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[467] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[468] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[469] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[470] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[471] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[472] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Pentney Priory, Norfolk, III, p. 70. 

[473] Historiæ Anglicanæ Scriptores X (1652), Radulphus de Diceto, Abbreviationes Chronicorum, col. 518. 

[474] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 436. 

[475] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 40. 

[476] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 197. 

[477] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[478] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[479] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 395. 

[480] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 54. 

[481] St Bees, 309, p. 318.  

[482] Wetherhal, 191, p. 301.   

[483] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 63. 

[484] CP IX, table following p. 398, citing Lanercost Chartulary "penes the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle", pp. 12, 26, and 30 [not yet consulted]. 

[485] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, I, p. 236.   

[486] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 85. 

[487] Pipe Roll 6 Ric I (1194/95), Norfolk & Suffolk, p. 63. 

[488] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 492. 

[489] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 95. 

[490] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[491] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 169. 

[492] Wetherhal, 192, p. 302. 

[493] Wetherhal, 193, p. 305.   

[494] Bruton, 162, p. 37. 

[495] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 493. 

[496] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 197. 

[497] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[498] Bruton, 162, p. 37. 

[499] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, III, p. 238.   

[500] Wetherhal, 192, p. 302.   

[501] Wetherhal, 193, p. 305.   

[502] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[503] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Lanercost Priory, Cumberland, III, p. 238. 

[504] Wetherhal, 194, p. 306. 

[505] Lanercost Chronicle, 1294, p. 159. 

[506] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. III, Edward I, 94, p. 64. 

[507] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[508] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 15 John, p. 105. 

[509] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 169. 

[510] Wetherhal, 193, p. 305.   

[511] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 96. 

[512] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 395. 

[513] Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 14 John, p. 95. 

[514] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 17. 

[515] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 397. 

[516] Feet of Fines 1182-1196, 104, p. 90. 

[517] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, p. 473. 

[518] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 441. 

[519] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 250. 

[520] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 371. 

[521] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1843, p. 641. 

[522] Dryburgh, 23, p. 15. 

[523] Dryburgh, 25, p. 16. 

[524] Dryburgh, 33, p. 22. 

[525] Dryburgh, 33, p. 22. 

[526] Dryburgh, 25, p. 16. 

[527] Dryburgh, 29, p. 19. 

[528] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 3132, p. 466. 

[529] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Wallia, p. 271.    

[530] Calendar of Documents Ireland, Vol. I, 3080, p. 459. 

[531] Annals of Ireland, Vol. II, p. 314. 

[532] Matthew Paris, Vol. V, 1252, p. 341. 

[533] Dryburgh, 138, p. 99. 

[534] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. II, 32, p. 8. 

[535] Dryburgh, 106, p. 76. 

[536] Dryburgh, 107, p. 77. 

[537] Dryburgh, 135, p. 97. 

[538] Dryburgh, 135, p. 97. 

[539] Wetherhal, 194, p. 306. 

[540] Glasgow Bishopric, Tome I, 219, p. 180. 

[541] Dryburgh, 285, p. 233. 

[542] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 147. 

[543] Domesday Translation, Cheshire, pp. 723-4. 

[544] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 44, p. 49. 

[545] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, XV, p. 350. 

[546] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 381. 

[547] Loders (Dorset), III, p. 16. 

[548] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[549] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Loders

[550] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Montebourg

[551] Loders (Dorset) V, p. 18. 

[552] Round (1899) 878, p. 314. 

[553] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXX, p. 149.  

[554] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 381. 

[555] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Loders

[556] Round (1899) 879, p. 314. 

[557] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Loders

[558] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Dorsetshire, Wiltshire, p. 13. 

[559] Round (1899) 879, p. 314. 

[560] Actes Henri II, Tome I, V, p. 10. 

[561] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XIV, p. 18. 

[562] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XLII, p. 47. 

[563] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXXIV, p. 135. 

[564] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 554. 

[565] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXXIV, p. 135. 

[566] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 630. 

[567] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DXXVI, p. 89. 

[568] Jumièges, Tome II, CXIV, p. 34. 

[569] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXX, p. 149. 

[570] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXXXIII, p. 167. 

[571] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 441, p. 186. 

[572] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[573] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[574] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 441, p. 186. 

[575] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[576] Jumièges, Tome II, CXIV, p. 34. 

[577] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 554. 

[578] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXXIV, p. 135. 

[579] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCLXXIX, p. 298. 

[580] CP I Appendix I, p. 768, quoting Cartulary of Loders

[581] Round (1899) 879, p. 314. 

[582] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXX, p. 149. 

[583] Jumièges, Tome II, CXIV, p. 34. 

[584] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Twinham Priory, Hampshire, II, Fundatoris Progenies, p. 304. 

[585] Dugdale Monasticon V, Revesby Abbey, Lincolnshire I, p. 454.   

[586] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DLXXXIII, p. 167. 

[587] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[588] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario monasterii Montisburgensis, p. 555. 

[589] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 6 John, p. 261. 

[590] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 7 John, p. 322. 

[591] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire V, In Chronicis Abbatiæ Tynterne in Wallia, p. 271.   

[592] Domesday Descendants, p. 781. 

[593] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, IV, p. 418. 

[594] Dugdale Monasticon V, Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, VI, p. 419. 

[595] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli I, Lincolnscir, Schirebech Wapentak, p. 5, and Kalsewath Wapentach, p. 6. 

[596] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 163. 

[597] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 33, p. 54. 

[598] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 165, p. 111. 

[599] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 166, p. 112. 

[600] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 166, p. 112. 

[601] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 214, p. 148. 

[602] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 169, p. 114. 

[603] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 171, p. 115. 

[604] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 265. 

[605] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 171, p. 115. 

[606] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 166, p. 112. 

[607] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 169, p. 114. 

[608] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 171, p. 115. 

[609] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 169, p. 114. 

[610] Domesday Translation, Hampshire, XLVI, p. 117, Berkshire, XXXI, p. 151, Middlesex, XI, pp. 364-5. 

[611] Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon, Vol. II, p. 132. 

[612] Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon, Vol. II, p. 132. 

[613] Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon, Vol. II, p. 132. 

[614] Domesday Descendants, p. 969. 

[615] Chronicon Monasterii de Abingdon, Vol. II, p. 94. 

[616] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Berkshire, p. 127. 

[617] Round (1892), p. 169. 

[618] Round ‘Origin of the Fitzgeralds’ (April 1902), p. 125, quoting Harleian Roll, p. 8. 

[619] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, Essex, p. 513, citing Morant History of Essex, Vol. I, p. 347 [not yet consulted]. 

[620] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, Essex, II, p. 515. 

[621] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 105, p. 14. 

[622] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, p. 350. 

[623] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Wykes Nunnery, Essex, p. 513, citing Morant History of Essex, Vol. I, p. 347 [not yet consulted]. 

[624] Feet of Fines 9 Ric I (1197/98), p. 110. 

[625] St Andrew’s Priory, p. 275. 

[626] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 308, p. 49. 

[627] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 392, p. 64. 

[628] Calendar of Documents Scotland (Bain), Vol. I, 392, p. 64. 

[629] Domesday Descendants, p. 968. 

[630] Annales Cambriæ, p. 30. 

[631] Brut y Tywysogion (Williams), pp. 81-87. 

[632] Giraldi Cambrensis Opera, Expugnatio Hibernica I, II, p. 229. 

[633] Expugnatio Hibernica I, II, p. 229. 

[634] Brut y Tywysogion (Williams), p. 213. 

[635] Annales Cambriæ, p. 44. 

[636] Expugnatio Hibernica I, II, p. 229. 

[637] Annales Cambriæ, p. 55. 

[638] Expugnatio Hibernica II, X, p. 325. 

[639] Burke’s Peerage II, p. 1679. 

[640] Expugnatio Hibernica I, IV, p. 235. 

[641] Brut y Tywysogion (Williams), p. 213. 

[642] Annales Cambriæ, p. 44. 

[643] Expugnatio Hibernica I, XLI, p. 292. 

[644] Burke’s Peerage, I, p. 496. 

[645] Round ‘The Origin of the Fitzgeralds II’ (Jul 1902), p. 92. 

[646] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 136, citing Brakelond’s Chronicle, p. 117. 

[647] Round ‘The Origin of the Fitzgeralds II’, p. 93. 

[648] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Dorsetshire, p. 14. 

[649] Norwich Cathedral, I, 120, p. 68 [extract only, in translation]. 

[650] Norwich Cathedral, I, 120, p. 68 [extract only, in translation]. 

[651] Lancaster, A. Hastings families of the 12th century: what is known and what is not

[652] Eyton (1857), Vol. V, p. 136, citing Brakelond’s Chronicle, p. 117. 

[653] Round ‘Origin of the Fitzgeralds’ (April 1902), p. 125, quoting Harleian Roll, p. 8. 

[654] Pipe Roll 22 Hen II (1175/76), p. 18. 

[655] Pipe Roll 22 Hen II (1175/76), p. 18. 

[656] Pipe Roll 22 Hen II (1175/76), p. 25. 

[657] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Buckinghamshire, p. 18, and Rotulus XI, Middlesex, p. 46. 

[658] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Buckinghamshire, p. 18. 

[659] Feet of Fines 9 Ric I (1197/98), p. 110. 

[660] Burkes’s Peerage II, 2261, Earls of Plymouth.  

[661] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli IV, Buckinghamshire, p. 18, and Rotulus XI, Middlesex, p. 46. 

[662] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 33, p. 36. 

[663] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 37, p. 41. 

[664] Rouen Sainte-Trinité, LXXXIX, p. 466. 

[665] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1913), Vol. I, 125, p. 32, citing Gallia Christiana, Vol. XI, inst. col. 226. 

[666] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 44, p. 49. 

[667] Bayeux (Livre noir), Tome I, VI, p. 10. 

[668] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CCXXXVI, p. 369. 

[669] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CCXCI, p. 382. 

[670] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[671] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan, K. 'Domesday People Revisited', Foundations, Vol. 4 (May 2012), p. 18. 

[672] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[673] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[674] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[675] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 11, p. 19. 

[676] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 11, p. 19. 

[677] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 11, p. 19. 

[678] Round (1892), p. 171. 

[679] Gesta Stephani Regis II, p. 96. 

[680] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, pp. 213 and 236. 

[681] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Oxfordshire, p. 3. 

[682] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 231. 

[683] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Yorkshire, Northumberland, p. 24. 

[684] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXXVI, p. 356. 

[685] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), p. 27. 

[686] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 6, p. 8. 

[687] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXXVII, p. 356. 

[688] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), pp. 28, 34, and 121. 

[689] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Dorsetshire, p. 15. 

[690] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Wiltshire, p. 19. 

[691] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Dorsetshire, p. 16. 

[692] Migne Patrologia Latina, Vol. 200, Alexander III Epistolæ et Privilegia, XLII, col. 0114D. 

[693] Migne Patrologia Latina, Vol. 200, Alexander III Epistolæ et Privilegia, XLII, col. 0114D. 

[694] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 207. 

[695] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 209. 

[696] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 209. 

[697] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 117. 

[698] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 118. 

[699] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 106. 

[700] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 114. 

[701] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 2 John, p. 114. 

[702] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 27. 

[703] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 204.