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GASCONY - BORDEAUX, NORTH-EASTeRN GASCONY

 

  v4.0 Updated 06 November 2017

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Chapter 1.                VICOMTES de BEZAUME. 2

A.         VICOMTES de BEZAUME.. 2

B.         VICOMTES de BEZAUME (BOVILLE) 6

C.        SEIGNEURS de CAUMONT. 8

D.        SEIGNEURS de DURAS (DURFORT) 14

Chapter 2.                BORDEAUX. 17

A.         COMTES de BORDEAUX.. 17

B.         BORDEAUX FAMILY.. 20

C.        SEIGNEURS de BLANQUEFORT. 27

D.        VICOMTES de FRONSAC.. 32

E.         SEIGNEURS de LESPARRE.. 37

Chapter 3.                VICOMTES de GABARRET. 48

Chapter 4.                VICOMTES de LOMAGNE. 55

A.         VICOMTES de LOMAGNE.. 55

B.         VICOMTES de LOMAGNE (GOTH) 65

 

 

 

The present document shows the nobility around Bordeaux and in the north-eastern part of Gascony. 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    VICOMTES de BEZAUME

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de BEZAUME

 

 

The vicomté at Bezaume is first recorded in the late 10th century.  Its precise territory has not yet been identified but it is probable that it lay in north-eastern Gascony adjacent to the county of Agen.  From the point of view of ecclesiastical administration, the archdeaconry of Bezaume fell under the bishopric of Agen[1].  It is possible that the Seigneurs d’Albret (see Chapter 2), a powerful influence in south-west France and Navarre in the 15th and early 16th centuries, descended from the first dynasty of vicomtes de Bezaume. 

 

 

1.         AMANIEU Sancho .  "Garsias Sanctii consul filius regis Sancii" granted "Astaracensem pagum" to "Arnaldo filio meo" by charter dated to [920], signed by "Garciæ Sancii Consulis, Sancii Wilhelmi comitis filii, Salii Vivari, Sancii Amanevi, Gumbaudi, Eneci fratris eius"[2].  Jaurgain states that Amanieu Sancho was the fifth son of Sancho Garcia Duke of Gascony, appearing to assume that he was the same person as "Sancii Amanevi" who signed the [920] charter, and that he was ancestor of the Vicomtes de Bezaume and Seigneurs d’Albret[3].  He cites no primary source which confirms the relationship.  However, according to his reconstruction, Amauvin [Aimon] (ancestor of the vicomtes de Bezaume) and Amanieu (ancestor of the seigneurs d’Albret) were brothers and were the same persons as "duobus consanguineus nostris Aymone…et Aymonio" who confirmed the charter dated 3 Apr [1009] under which "Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever[4]. 

 

According to Jaurgain, Utzan Amanieu and Arnaud Amanieu were brothers and sons of Amanieu Sancho, shown above[5].  The patronymics indicate that this may be correct, but there appears to be no direct information which confirms that it is the case. 

 

1.         UTZAN Amanieu (-after 978).  "…Utzan Amaneii, Seguini vicecomitis, Arcolidat vicecomitis, Arnoldi Amaneii" subscribed the charter dated 977 under which "Gumboldus episcopus et frater meus Willelmus Sancio dux Vasconum" re-established the monastery of La Réole[6].  "…Utzan Amanieu, Arnald Amanieu" subscribed the charter dated 978 under which "Gumboldus episcopus…regionis dux" confirmed an exchange of property between the monks of La Réole and his vassal "Arsia"[7]

2.         ARNAUD Amanieu (-after 978).  "…Utzan Amaneii, Seguini vicecomitis, Arcolidat vicecomitis, Arnoldi Amaneii" subscribed the charter dated 977 under which "Gumboldus episcopus et frater meus Willelmus Sancio dux Vasconum" re-established the monastery of La Réole[8].  "…Utzan Amanieu, Arnald Amanieu" subscribed the charter dated 978 under which "Gumboldus episcopus…regionis dux" confirmed an exchange of property between the monks of La Réole and his vassal "Arsia"[9]

 

 

1.         ARNAUD (-after Nov 982).  Vicomte de Bezaume.  A vine was donated by charter dated Nov 982 "regnante Guillelmo Sancio comite, captinentia Arnaldo vicecomiti"[10]

 

 

Two possible brothers: 

1.         AMAUVIN [Aimon] (-before 1026).  The Vita Sancti Abbonis Floriacensis names Amauvin as prepositus at the monastery of la Réole at the end of the 10th century[11].  According to Jaurgain, Amauvin was the son of Utzan Amanieu, named above, but he cites no primary source which either confirms that this is correct or provides Amauvin’s patronymic[12]"Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever, confirmed by "germano meo Sancio et beatæ memoriæ matre mea Urraca, cum duobus consanguineus nostris Aymone…et Aymonio", by charter dated 3 Apr [1009][13].  According to Jaurgain, "Aymone…et Aymonio" were brothers[14]m ROSENBERGE, daughter of --- (-before 1026).  "Vicecomes Rodulfus, qui et…Artaldus" donated property "in pago Bezelmelsi" to Saint-Pierre de Réole, for the souls of "patris mei Amalvini et matris mee Rosenberge et fratris mei Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 1026[15].  Amalvin & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-before 1026).  Vicomte de Bezaume.  "Vicecomes Rodulfus, qui et…Artaldus" donated property "in pago Bezelmelsi" to Saint-Pierre de Réole, for the souls of "patris mei Amalvini et matris mee Rosenberge et fratris mei Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 1026[16]

b)         RODOLPHE ARTAUD (-after 1026).  Vicomte de Bezaume"Vicecomes Rodulfus, qui et…Artaldus" donated property "in pago Bezelmelsi" to Saint-Pierre de Réole, for the souls of "patris mei Amalvini et matris mee Rosenberge et fratris mei Guillelmi vicecomitis", by charter dated 1026[17]m ---.  The name of Rodolphe’s wife is not known.  Rodolphe & his wife had [one possible] child: 

i)          [AMAUVINE (-after [1097]).  According to Jaurgain, Amauvine was the daughter of Rodolphe Artaud, named above, but he cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct[18]Vicomtesse de Bezaume.  "Guillelmus Amanei de Benavias et uxor eius Amalvina" donated two serfs to Grande-Sauve for "filio suo Guillelmo Amanei" who was on crusade, by charter dated to [1097][19]m GUILLAUME AMANIEU d'Albret, son of AMANIEU [I] Seigneur d'Albret & his wife --- (-after [1097]).  Vicomte de Bezaume.  Comte de Benauges.] 

2.         [AMANIEU (-after [1030])"Bernardus Willelmus comes" confirmed the foundation of Saint-Sever, confirmed by "germano meo Sancio et beatæ memoriæ matre mea Urraca, cum duobus consanguineus nostris Aymone…et Aymonio", by charter dated 3 Apr [1009][20].  According to Jaurgain, "Aymone…et Aymonio" were brothers[21].  Amanieu signed a charter dated to [1030] under which Sancho Guillaume Duke of Gascony donated property to the church of Saint-André de Bordeaux[22].  Jaurgain identifies Amanieu as ancestor of the seigneurs d’Albret[23].] 

-        SEIGNEURS d’ALBRET

 

 

GUILLAUME AMANIEU d'Albret, son of [AMANIEU [II] Seigneur d'Albret & his wife ---] (-after [1097]).  "Willelmus Amanei, Bernardi fratris eius" subscribed charters of Grande-Sauve dated to [1079/89][24].  Although Bernard and Guillaume Amanieu are shown to be brothers by this charter[25], no primary source has been found which confirms that they were the sons of Amanieu [II] except for the patronymic attributed to Guillaume Amanieu.  Vicomte de Bezaume.  Comte de Benauges.  "Guillelmus Amanei de Benavias et uxor eius Amalvina" donated two serfs to Grande-Sauve for "filio suo Guillelmo Amanei" who was on crusade, by charter dated to [1097][26]

m AMAUVINE Vicomtesse de Bezaume, daughter of [RODOLPHE ARTAUD Vicomte de Bezaume & his wife ---] (-after [1097]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Guillelmus Amanei de Benavias et uxor eius Amalvina" donated two serfs to Grande-Sauve for "filio suo Guillelmo Amanei" who was on crusade, by charter dated to [1097][27]

Guillaume Amanieu & his wife had one child: 

1.         GUILLAUME AMANIEU [II] de Bezaume (-before 1103).  "Guillelmus Amanei de Benavias et uxor eius Amalvina" donated two serfs to Grande-Sauve for "filio suo Guillelmo Amanei" who was on crusade, by charter dated to [1097][28]William of Tyre names "Guilhermus Amaneus" among those present at the capture of Antioch in 1098[29]Vicomte de Bezaume et de Benauges.  m ---.  The name of Guillaume Amanieu's wife is not known.  Guillaume Amanieu [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [BERNARD (-after 1103).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, but the chronology suggests that he was the son of Guillaume Amanieu [II].   Vicomte de Bezaume.  "Bernardus vicecomes" renounced a tax on La Réole before the court of Gascony, before "Astanova comite…de Fedenzac, ac Bernardo de Armanac, necnon Gastone vicecomite de Bearn, et Lupo Anario de Marzan, et Bibiano de Lomonie, et Petro, domino de Gavarred…", by charter dated 1103[30].]  m ---.  The name of Bernard's wife is not known.  Bernard & his wife had [one] child: 

i)          [GUILLAUME AMANIEU [III] (-1155 or after, or after 1179).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified but the chronology suggests that he was the son of Bernard.   Vicomte de Bezaume.  "Guillelmus Amanei vicecomes de Bezaumes" signed a charter dated to [1125] under which Guillaume IX Duke of Aquitaine donated property to Grande-Sauve, and signed three more charters relating to the same monastery dated 1155[31].  A charter dated 1179 notes concessions made to "Vuilhelmo Amanevi de Benauges vicecomiti Vesalmensi" to ensure he protects the domains of Lobagnac[32].]  m ---.  The name of Guillaume Amanieu's wife is not known.  Guillaume Amanieu [III] & his wife had one child:

(a)       daughter .  She is referred to by Jaurgain as daughter and heiress of Guillaume Amanieu [III], and wife of "Bernard de Gabarret dit de Boville", but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[33]m BERNARD [de Gabarret] de Boville, son of --- (-after 3 Feb 1190).  Vicomte de Bezaume

b)         VITAPOI .  The Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis names "filia Amani seu Amaniei Gasconis…Vitapoi" as wife of "Willelmus Taillefer Engolismensis Comes" and mother of Comte Vulgrin II[34]m GUILLAUME V Comte d'Angoulême, son of FOULQUES "Taillefer" Comte d'Angoulême & his wife Condoha d'Eu (-near Deutz 1120, bur Deutz St Heribert). 

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de BEZAUME (BOVILLE)

 

 

1.         BERNARD [de Gabarret] de Boville (-after 3 Feb 1190)Jaurgain refers to him as "Bernard de Gabarret dit de Boville", suggesting that he was descended from one of the sons of Pierre Roger Vicomte de Gabarret, probably the son named Roger (without providing the basis for this speculation but presumably because this was the name of the person whom Jaurgain assumes was Bernard’s second son)[35].  However, no primary source has yet been found which names him "Gabarret".  The question is therefore whether there has been confusion because of the family’s later connection with Pierre de Gabarret.  Vicomte de Bezaume.  "Bernardus de Bouvilla vicecomes" and "Arnaud de Blanquefort et Guillaume-Hélie [de Puy-Paulin] chevaliers" declared themselves defenders of the monastery of Grande-Sauve by charter dated to [1175][36].  “Bernard de Gabardan vicomte de Bezaume”: unclear whether this is a direct translation of the wording of the original charter] is named in a charter dated 3 Feb 1190 under which Richard I King of England confirmed the possessions of Grande-Sauve abbey[37]m --- de Bezaume, daughter of GUILLAUME AMANIEU [III] Vicomte de Bezaume & his wife ---.  She is referred to by Jaurgain as daughter and heiress of Guillaume Amanieu [III], and wife of "Bernard de Gabarret dit de Boville", but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[38]Bernard & his wife had two children: 

a)         PIERRE de Gabarret (-before 21 May 1242).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter quoted below which names his grandfather Guillaume Amanieu.  "Petrus de Gavarreto" donated rights “in terra de Laulan” to Réole Saint-Pierre by charter dated to 1195[39]Vicomte de Bezaume et de Bénauges.  Seigneur de Saint-Macaire et en partie de Langon.  Pierre de Gabarret was present with "Guillaume de Boville" at an assembly held at Bordeaux 3 Apr 1198 to celebrate the canonisation of Saint Géraud, founder of Grande-Sauve[40].  Pierre de Gabaret Vicomte de Bezaume donated property to Sainte-Marie d’Auch by charter dated 12 Apr 1205[41].  Pierre de Gabaret Vicomte de Bezaume submitted his dispute with Guillaume abbé de Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux to arbitration in 1219 and swore allegiance to Henry III King of England in 1228[42]Henry III King of England granted money to the archbishop of Bordeaux, "Petri de Gaveretto et Willelmi Reimundi Columb, civis nostri Burdegalensis" acting as fiduciaries, dated 20 Apr 1229[43].  "P de Gavarretto vicecomes Vezalinensis et dominus de Benaujas" abandoned rights “super decima...in parrochia de Leignan” to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux by charter dated [1250?] which names "Guillelmi Amanevi avi mei"[44].  Bladé dates this document to [1230][45], which seems more reasonable considering the chronology of the life of Pierre de Gabarret.  King Henry III summoned vassals to meet "apud Pontem", including "Petrus de Gaverad", dated 25 May 1242[46]m (before 13 Dec 1228) GUILLEMETTE, daughter of --- (-after 13 Dec 1228).  Henry III King of England granted dower to "Willelme vicecomitisse de Byeaumes uxori…Petri de Gaveret" dated 13 Dec 1228[47].  "Willielmam vicecomitissam de Benauges et Bernardum de Bovilla filius eius" were in dispute with the abbot of Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux, recorded in a charter dated 9 Sep 1242[48]. Guillemette & her husband had one child: 

i)          BERNARD de Boville (-after 9 Sep 1242).  "Willielmam vicecomitissam de Benauges et Bernardum de Bovilla filius eius" were in dispute with the abbot of Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux, recorded in a charter dated 9 Sep 1242[49]

b)         ROGER de Gabarret (-after 2 Jul 1242).  According to Jaurgain, Roger was the younger brother of Pierre de Gabarret, assuming that they were both sons of Bernard de Boville[50]

-        SEIGNEURS de LANGON[51]

 

2.         GUILLAUME de Boville (-after 3 Apr 1198).  Pierre de Gabarret was present with "Guillaume de Boville" at an assembly held at Bordeaux 3 Apr 1198 to celebrate the canonisation of Saint Géraud, founder of Grande-Sauve[52].  He may have been a younger brother of Bernard de Gabarret Vicomte de Bezaume. 

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Gabarretm ---.  The name of Pierre’s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         AGNES de Gabarret (-after Sep 1282)Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 23 Apr 1280 under which [her husband] “Lo noble baro en Senebru senhor de Lesparra” acknowledged that “Montinhac...Trossas...Galhan...La Fontana...Batbertram...Campgran” formed part of the traditional inheritance of the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre and granted them to “Senebrun son segont filh e premier filh de lui e de la dona Nagne sa molher filha qui fo deu senhor en P. de Gavarret”, and if he died to “Bernot son autre filh, fraire german deudeyt Senebrun...frayres menors de Lesparra[53]A charter dated 30 Sep 1282 records the settlement of a dispute between “la dona Nagnes molher qui fo deu noble baron en Senebrun senhor de Lesparra qui fo, tant per sin que per Senebrun e per Bernart sos filhs” and “lo noble baron Nayquem Wilhem filh e hereter deudit senhor en Senebrun qui fo” concerning “lo maridatge eu don degut ala deita dona Nagnes”, with the consent of “deus nobles senhors Nartaut senhor de Mirambeu e den Guitqard de Borc senhor de Vertujh, cavoirs[54]m as his second wife, SENEBRUN [IV] Seigneur de Lesparre, of SENEBRUN [III] Seigneur de Lesparrre & his wife Mathilde de Tonnay-Charente (-[1 Jan/30 Sep] 1282). 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de CAUMONT

 

 

The town of Caumont of which the following were seigneurs has not been identified beyond doubt.  It may be Caumont-sur-Garonne, in the département of Lot-et-Garonne. 

 

 

1.         DODON de Caumont (-after 1130).  “...Dodonis de Caumonte...” subscribed the undated charter under which Alphonse Comte de Toulouse constructed a bridge over the Garonne river[55].  Père Anselme states that Dodon was living “en 1110, 1120 et 1130” but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[56]

 

2.         SANCHO de Caumont (-after 1136).  Père Anselme states that “Sanchez seigneur de Caumont” was the son of Dodon and was living “en 1136 suivant un titre qui se trouve dans les archives de Bazas, qui porte qu’en cette année Raimond Bernard évêque d’ Agen vint à main armée forcer et brûler la ville de Bazas” but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[57]

 

3.         RICHARD de Caumont .  Père Anselme names “Richard seigneur de Caumont” as son of “Sanchez seigneur de Caumont” father of the brothers Begon and Nompar who are named below but provides no other information about his life[58].  The dates of charters in which the brothers Begon and Nompar are named suggests that the chronology of this reported descent is impossible. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         NOMPAR de Caumont (-after 7 Apr 1243).  Père Anselme records that “Bec seigneur de Caumont” and his brother “Nompar de Caumont” donated “le prieuré de Merignac près Miramont en Albigeois” to Grandmont by charter dated 1211[59].  “Nomparius de Cavomonte, Bego de Cavomonte, Ar. Ot vicecomes Lomanie, W. Ramundi de Pinibus dominus Talhaburgi, Ar. de Marmanda...” subscribed the charter dated 3 Sep 1238 under which Raymond Comte de Toulouse swore homage to the abbot of Sarlat for Bainac[60].  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Begonis de Calvomonte...Nopars de Caumont...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[61]

2.         BEGON de Caumont (-after 7 Apr 1243).  Père Anselme records that “Bec seigneur de Caumont” and his brother “Nompar de Caumont” donated “le prieuré de Merignac près Miramont en Albigeois” to Grandmont by charter dated 1211[62].  “Nomparius de Cavomonte, Bego de Cavomonte, Ar. Ot vicecomes Lomanie, W. Ramundi de Pinibus dominus Talhaburgi, Ar. de Marmanda...” subscribed the charter dated 3 Sep 1238 under which Raymond Comte de Toulouse swore homage to the abbot of Sarlat for Bainac[63].  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Begonis de Calvomonte...Nopars de Caumont...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[64]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [I] de Caumont (-after Oct 1226).  “Guillelmus de Calvomonte” swore allegiance to Louis VIII King of France for “Calvummontem cum pertinentiis, Seinchentin, Montem-petrosum, Castrum-novum, Mondailles, Sanctum Cosmam, Seferac, Croejox, Rocam Lauram” and his properties “apud Belvoier, Seinchiele, Salgues, Rocam, Mielet, Parlan et Soiserac in Caturcesio” by charter dated Oct 1226[65].  The editor of this compilation names him “Guillaume de Caumont en Quercy (Lot-et-Garonne)” which suggests that his family may be different from the Caumont family of Gironde. 

 

2.         GUILLAUME [II] de Caumont (-after 1260).  Père Anselme names “Guillaume II seigneur de Caumont” as the son of Guillaume [I] and records that he swore homage to Alphonse de France Comte de Toulouse for “sa terre et seigneurie de Caumont” in 1260[66]

 

 

1.         BERTRAND de Caumont (-before 1314)Seigneur de Caumont.  Père Anselme names “Bertrand seigneur de Caumont, de Samazan et de Montpouillan” as the son of Guillaume [II] but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[67]m (before 15 Jun 1271) INDIA de l’Isle-Jourdain, daughter of JOURDAIN de l’Isle-Jourdain & his wife Faydite ---.  A charter dated 15 Jun 1271 records the receipt by "domina India filia...domini Jordani, domini Insule", with the consent of "domini Bertrandi de Calvomonte...viri sui", of her dowry from "dominus Jordanus de Insula pater eius...et domine Fayside matris dicte India"[68].  Bertrand & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME [III] de Caumont (-1337).  Seigneur de CaumontThe testament of "Guillaume sieur de Caumont, de Samazan et de Monpoilhan", dated 1333, names "Indie de Caumont sa fille" as his heir, disinheriting "son fils Guilhem Ramond"[69]m MIRAMONDE de Mauléon, daughter of OGER de Mauléon Vicomte de Soule & his wife ---.  Guillaume [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME RAYMOND [I] de Caumont (-1371).  The testament of "Guillaume sieur de Caumont, de Samazan et de Monpoilhan", dated 1333, names "Indie de Caumont sa fille" as his heir, disinheriting "son fils Guilhem Ramond"[70]Seigneur de Caumont.  

-         see below

ii)         INDIA de Caumont Père Anselme records her marriage contract dated 1316 “après la fête de S. Louis[71]The testament of "Guillaume sieur de Caumont, de Samazan et de Monpoilhan", dated 1333, names "Indie de Caumont sa fille" as his heir, disinheriting "son fils Guilhem Ramond"[72]m firstly (contract 1316, after 25 Aug) as his second wife, GASTON d’Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet, son of GERAUD [VI] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Mathe de Béarn (-1319).  m secondly (17 Jul 1323) as his second wife, GUY de Comminges Seigneur de Figeac, son of BERNARD [VII] Comte de Comminges & his wife Laure de Montfort (-1365). 

b)         TALESE de Caumont (-after 12 May 1310).  "Na Talèze de Caumont vefve du sieur de Gironde" sold a péage at Caumont to "messire Amanieu d’Albret" by charter dated 12 May 1310[73]m (3 Aug 1294) ARNAUD de Gironde, son of ARNAUD Seigneur de Gironde & his wife --- (-before 12 May 1310). 

 

 

Two siblings, parents not identified: 

1.         ALEXANDRE de Caumont (-after 1357).  m BLANCHE de la Mothe, daughter of ---.  Alexandre & his wife had two children: 

a)         ISABELLE de Caumont .  The marriage contract between Bérard d’Albret” and “Hélene de Caumont” is dated 26 Oct 1357 and records that “Isabeau de Caumont sa sœur” donated “les Sgries de Sainte-Bazeille Landeron et de Puchs” to the couple[74]

b)         HELENE de Caumont .  The marriage contract of "Berard d’Albret, fils de Bernard Ezii" and "Helaine de Caumont, fille d’Alexandre de Caumont" is dated 1357, with the consent of "dame Margueritte, sœur dudict de Caumont", recording that "le lieu de Saincte Bazeilhe, de Landerron et de Puch" were her dowry[75].  The marriage contract between Bérard d’Albret” and “Hélene de Caumont” is dated 26 Oct 1357 and records that “Isabeau de Caumont sa sœur” donated “les Sgries de Sainte-Bazeille Landeron et de Puchs” to the couple[76]m (contract 26 Oct 1357) BERARD d’Albret, son of BERNARD AIZ [V] Seigneur d’Albret & his second wife Mathe d’Armagnac (-after 6 Sep 1392). 

2.         MARGUERITE de Caumont (-after 1357).  The marriage contract of "Berard d’Albret, fils de Bernard Ezii" and "Helaine de Caumont, fille d’Alexandre de Caumont" is dated 1357, with the consent of "dame Margueritte, sœur dudict de Caumont", recording that "le lieu de Saincte Bazeilhe, de Landerron et de Puch" were her dowry[77].  The reason for the consent of the paternal aunt of the bride has not been ascertained. 

 

 

The following reconstruction of later generations of this family is an outline which shows selected family members only, mainly for hyperlinking to other families studied in Medieval Lands.  The information has not been verified against primary source documentation, unless otherwise stated. 

 

GUILLAUME RAYMOND [I] de Caumont, son of GUILLAUME [III] Seigneur de Caumont & his wife Miramonde de Mauléon (-1371).  The testament of "Guillaume sieur de Caumont, de Samazan et de Monpoilhan", dated 1333, names "Indie de Caumont sa fille" as his heir, disinheriting "son fils Guilhem Ramond"[78]Seigneur de Caumont.  His testament, dated 1365, appoints his son Nompar as his heir, with his sons “Jean et Gaston de Caumont” as successive substitutes[79]

m ESCLARMONDE des Pins, daughter of SANSANER des Pins Seigneur de Taillebourg & his wife Jeanne de Périgord dame de Lavardac. 

Guillaume Raymond [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.         NOMPAR [I] de Caumont (-after 5 Aug 1400)The testament of Guillaume Raymond de Caumont, dated 1365, appoints his son Nompar as his heir, with his sons “Jean et Gaston de Caumont” as successive substitutes[80]Seigneur de Caumontm (contract 26 Nov 1368) MAGNE de Castelnau, daughter of JEAN Seigneur de Castelnau & his wife Galienne d’Albret (-after 22 Nov 1428).  Nompar [I] & his wife had children: 

a)         GUILLAUME RAYMOND [II] de Caumont (-1426).  m JEANNE de Cardaillac, daughter of ---.  Guillaume Raymond [III] & his wife had children: 

i)          NOMPAR [II] [François] de CaumontSeigneur de CastelnauHe was disinherited for supporting the English and retired to England where he died[81]m (1444) JEANNE de Durfort, daughter of ---. 

ii)         BRANDELIS de Caumont (-after May 1463)Seigneur de CastelnauCharles VII King of France returned his lands, confiscated from his older brother, in 1453[82]

-         see below

2.         JEAN de Caumont (-after 1365).  The testament of Guillaume Raymond de Caumont, dated 1365, appoints his son Nompar as his heir, with his sons “Jean et Gaston de Caumont” as successive substitutes[83]

3.         GASTON de Caumont (-after 1365).  The testament of Guillaume Raymond de Caumont, dated 1365, appoints his son Nompar as his heir, with his sons “Jean et Gaston de Caumont” as successive substitutes[84]

 

 

BRANDELIS de Caumont, son of GUILLAUME RAYMOND [II] Seigneur de Caumont & his wife Jeanne de Cardaillac (-after May 1463)Seigneur de CastelnauCharles VII King of France returned his lands, confiscated from his older brother, in 1453[85]

m (contract 12 Jan 1444) MARGUERITE bâtarde de Penthièvre, illegitimate daughter of OLIVIER de Blois-Châtillon Comte de Penthièvre & his mistress ---.  Père Anselme reocrds her parentage and marriage, dates her marriage contract, and specifies that her paternal uncle Jean Comte de Penthièvre provided her dowry[86]

Brandelis & his wife had children: 

1.         PONCET de Caumont

2.         CHARLES [I] de Caumont (-after 8 Feb 1508).  Seigneur de Castelnaum JEANNE de Benac, daughter of ---.  Charles [I] & his wife had children:  

a)         FRANÇOIS de Caumont (-after 9 Mar 1515).  Seigneur de Castelnaum (20 Jan 1477) CLAUDE de Cardaillac, daughter of MATHURIN de Cardaillac Seigneur de Brengues & his wife Claude de Pierrefort. 

b)         CHARLES [II] de Caumont (-1527).  Seigneur de Castelnaum JEANNE de Perusse-Escars, daughter of GEOFFROY de Perusse Seigneur d’Escars & his wife Françoise d’Arpajon.  Charles [II] & his wife had children: 

i)          FRANÇOIS de CaumontSeigneur de Castelnau

ii)         GEOFFROY de Caumont (-[Jan/Jun] 1574).  Seigneur de Castelnaum (16 Oct 1568) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Lustrac Marquise de Fronsac, widow of JACQUES d’Albon Seigneur de Saint-André, daughter of ANTOINE Seigneur de Lustrac & his wife Françoise de Pompadour.  Geoffroy & his wife had two children: 

(a)       JEAN de Caumont (-9 Jul 1579). 

(b)       ANNE de Caumont (Château de Gavaudun 19 Jun 1574-Paris 17 Jun 1642, bur Couvent des filles de Saint-Thomas, porte de Montmartre).  Marquise de Fronsac.  m firstly HENRI d’Escars Prince de Carency, son of JEAN d’Escars Prince de Carency & his wife Anne de Clermont.  m secondly (contract Paris 16 Jan 1595) FRANÇOIS d’Orléans Comte de Saint-Pol, son of LEONOR d’Orléans Duc de Longueville & his wife Marie de Bourbon Duchesse d’Estouteville (-Châteauneuf-sur-Loire 7 Oct 1631, bur Châteaudun Sainte-Chapelle)Duc de Château-Thierry.  Duc de Fronsac Jan 1608. 

iii)        FRANÇOIS de Caumont (-murdered Paris 24 Aug 1572)Seigneur de Castelnau. 

-         see below

c)         MARGUERITE de Caumontm firstly (20 Jan 1477) JEAN de Cardaillac Seigneur de Brengues, son of MATHURIN de Cardaillac Seigneur de Brengues & his wife Claude de Pierrefort.  m secondly BERTRAND d’Escodeça Seigneur de Boesse, son of RAYMOND d’Escodeça Seigneur de Boesse & his wife ---. 

3.         JEANNE de Caumontm (contract 18 Jan 1461) ANTOINE de Salagnac, son of RAYMOND Seigneur de Salagnac et de la Mothe-Fenelon & his wife Alix de Perusse-Escars. 

 

 

FRANÇOIS de Caumont, son of CHARLES [II] Seigneur de Caumont & his wife Jeanne de Perusse-Escars (-murdered Paris 24 Aug 1572).  Seigneur de Castelnau. 

m (15 May 1554) as her second husband, PHILIPPA de Beaupoil Dame de la Force en Périgord, Vicomtesse de Mas-Jezy, widow of FRANÇOIS de Vivonne Seigneur d’Ardelay, daughter of FRANÇOIS de Beaupoil Seigneur de la Force & his wife Philippa de Pellegrue. 

François & his wife had two children: 

1.         ARMAND de Caumont (-murdered Paris 24 Aug 1572). 

2.         JACQUES NOMPAR de Caumont (1559-Bergerac 10 May 1652)Seigneur de CastelnauDuc de la Force 1637.  Maréchal de France.  m firstly (5 Feb 1577) CHARLOTTE de Gontaut, daughter of ARNAUD de Gontaut Seigneur de Biron, Maréchal de France & his wife Jeanne Dame d’Ornesan.  m secondly as her second husband, ANNE de Mornay, widow of JACQUES de Nouhes Seigneur de la Tabarrière, daughter of PHILIPPE de Mornay Seigneu du Plessis-Marly & his wife Charlotte Arbaleste.  m thirdly ISABELLE de Clermont-Galerande, widow of GEDEON de Botzelaer, daughter of GEORGES de Clermont Marquis de Gallerande & his wife Marie Clutin Dame de Saint-Aignan.  Jacques Nompar & his first wife had children: 

a)         ARMAND de Caumont (-Château de la Force 16 Dec 1675).  Duc de la Force.  Maréchal de France.  m firstly JEANNE de la Rochefaton Dame de Saveilles, daughter of JEAN de la Rochefaton Seigneur de Saveilles & his wife Anne de Volzarguy (-after 9 May 1667).  m secondly (contract 22 Dec 1667) LOUISE de Bellesunce, daughter of JACQUES de Bellesunce Seigneur de Born & his wife Jeanne de Lesse de la Rochefaton ([1649/50]-Paris 7 Sep 1680).  Armand & his first wife had two children: 

i)          JACQUES de Caumont .  Marquis de Maugery. 

ii)         CHARLOTTE de Caumont ([1622/23]-Paris 13 Apr 1666)m (1653) HENRI de la Tour Vicomte de Turenne, Maréchal de France, son of HENRI de la Tour Duc de Bouillon & his second wife Elisabeth Pss van Oranje Gräfin von Nassau (Sedan 11 Sep 1611-killed in battle 27 Jul 1675, bur Saint-Denis). 

Armand & his second wife had children: 

iii)        HENRI NOMPAR de Caumont (-Château de la Force Jan 1678).  Duc de la Force

-         DUCS de la FORCE[87]

iv)       JACQUELINE de Caumont m (contract Montauban 19 Dec 1620) FRANÇOIS de Béthune Comte d’Orval, son of MAXIMILIEN [I] de Béthune Duc de Sully, Maréchal de France & his second wife Rachel de Cochefilet (-Paris 7 Jul 1678).  Duc d’Orval. 

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de DURAS (DURFORT)

 

 

The castle of Duras is located east of Bordeaux in the present-day French département of Gironde. 

 

 

1.         BERNARD de Durfort (-after 7 Apr 1243).  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Bernardi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[88]

 

2.         ARNAUD de Durfort (-after 7 Apr 1243).  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Bernardi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[89]

 

3.         ARNAUD de Durfort (-after 7 Apr 1243).  A charter dated 7 Apr 1243 names “...Bernardi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...Arnaldi de Duroforte...” in the list of “baronum, castellanorum et militum Agenensis diœcesis” who swore allegiance[90]

 

 

1.         RAYMOND BERNARD de Durfortm CONDORS de Turenne[91], daughter of ---.  Raymond Bernard & his wife had children: 

a)         GUILLELME de Durfort (-1304).  A manuscript chronicle records that "Guillelma de Duroforti relicta D. Jordani comitis Insulæ" appointed "Bernardum-Jordani filium suum" as her heir on her deathbed in 1304[92]m (contract 15 Dec 1270) JOURDAIN [V] de l’Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN de l’Isle-Jourdain & his wife Faydite --- (-[1299/1304]).  Seigneur [Comte] de l’Isle-Jourdain

 

 

1.         --- m as her first husband, ALPAIS du Bugat [Ungaco?], daughter of ---.  She is named in the 16 Jan 1305 testament of her husband, quoted below.  She married secondly [as his first wife,] Gaillard de Goth.  The testament of Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), made bequests to “Marquesie de Duroforti...Arnaud de Durfort...Alpaiz sa nièce fille d’Arnaud”, recommended “Raymond Bernard de Durfort chanoine de Perigueux fils de Alpais de Ungaco sa femme” to the Pope, and substituted “Aymeric et Galhard de Ungaco enfans mâles de Marquesie de Durfort sa nièce” as his heirs[93]. Two children: 

a)         ARNAUD de Durfort (-after 25 Feb 1326)Seigneur de Duras.  The testament of Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), made bequests to “Marquesie de Duroforti...Arnaud de Durfort...Alpaiz sa nièce fille d’Arnaud[94]m firstly (before [1300?]) MARQUISE de Goth, daughter of ARNAUD GARSIE de Goth Vicomte de Lomagne & his first wife Blanche --- (-before 1326).  The testament of Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), made bequests to “Marquesie de Duroforti...Arnaud de Durfort...Alpaiz sa nièce fille d’Arnaud” substituted “Aymeric et Galhard de Ungaco enfans mâles de Marquesie de Durfort sa nièce” as his heirs[95]. The testament of Bertrand de Goth dated 10 May 1324 names his daughter as comtesse d’Armagnac but provides for the succession of "ses deux sœurs Régine épouse de Bernard de Durfort et Marquise épouse d’Arnaud de Durfort" if his daughter died childless[96]m secondly ([1326]) as her second husband, CATHERINE de Grailly, widow of JOURDAIN de l’Isle-Jourdain, daughter of [PIERRE [I] de Grailly & his [first wife Talese de Bouville] (before 20 Jul 1333).  Edward II King of England wrote to “Arnaldi de Duro Forti militis” regarding his marriage to “Katerinam dominam de Sancta Basilica quondam uxorem Jordani de Insula” by charter dated 25 Feb 1326[97]Arnaud & his first wife had children: 

i)          AIMERIC de Durfort [Ungnaco?] (-before 1345).  The testament of “Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), substituted “Aymeric et Galhard de Ungaco enfans mâles de Marquesie de Durfort sa nièce” as his heirs[98]. Seigneur de Duras"Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, substituted "…Aymericum de Duroforti dominum de --- …", presumably the son of Marquise de Goth, as her heirs in case her husband died childless[99]A charter dated Oct 1336 records that “le comte d’Armagnac, Aymery de Durfort seigneur de Duras” ceded les vicomtés de Lomagne et d’Auvillars to Philippe VI King of France in exchange for “les châteaux de Villehaudran et de Blancafort[100]

ii)         GAILLARD [I] de Durfort [Ungnaco?] (-[killed in battle Poitiers 1356]).  The testament of “Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), substituted “Aymeric et Galhard de Ungaco enfans mâles de Marquesie de Durfort sa nièce” as his heirs[101]. Seigneur de Duras.  Seigneur de Veyrines, Châtelain de Blanquefort.  m ([1345/46]) MARGUERITE de Caumont, daughter of --- (-after [1370/73]).  "Marguerite de Caumont vefve de feu Gailhard de Durfort seigneur de Duras et de Villendreau, comme tutrisse de ses enfants" swore allegiance "au sire d’Albret seigneur de Cazenaves de Sarnes" by charter dated 1357[102]Gaillard de Durfort seigneur de Duras appointed his mother Marguerite de Caumont as his proxy to receive this sum of 2,000 florins from Archambaud [IV] Comte de Périgord[103]Gaillard [I] & his wife had children: 

(1)       GAILLARD [II] de Durfort ([1346]-[4 Feb/14 Sep] 1422)Seigneur de Duras.  Seneschal of Aquitaine. 

-         see below

(2)       PIERRE de Durfort (-1403).  Bishop of Périgueux 1387. 

iii)        ALPAIS de Durfort .  The testament of Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), made bequests to “Marquesie de Duroforti...Arnaud de Durfort...Alpaiz sa nièce fille d’Arnaud[104]

b)         RAIMOND BERNARD de Durfort (-2 May 1341).  The testament of Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), recommended “Raymond Bernard de Durfort chanoine de Perigueux fils de Alpais de Ungaco sa femme” to the Pope[105]. Bishop of Périgueux 1314. 

 

 

1.         BERNARD de Durfort (-before 1329)Seigneur de Clermont-Dessus.  Seigneur de Flamarens, de iure uxorism ([1300]) REGINE de Goth, daughter of ARNAUD GARSIE de Goth Vicomte de Lomagne & his first wife Blanche --- (-after 1333).  Dame de Flamarens: Arnaud Garsie de Goth granted “la seigneurie de Flamarens” to “Régine sa fille” on her marriage to “Bernard de Durfort chevalier, qui depuis se qualifia sire de Flamarens”, by charter dated after 1305[106].  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Elips, Indie, Marquise, Regine et autre Regine ses sœurs...”, naming as successive substitute heirs ”le fils de Bernard de Durfort seigneur de Flamarens son beau-frere et de Regine sa sœur...[107].  Bernard & his wife had children: 

a)         JEAN de Durfort (-before Oct 1336).  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, named as successive substitute heirs ”le fils de Bernard de Durfort seigneur de Flamarens son beau-frere et de Regine sa sœur...[108].  Seigneur de Flamarens.  A charter dated Oct 1336 records that “le comte d’Armagnac, Aymery de Durfort seigneur de Duras” ceded les vicomtés de Lomagne et d’Auvillars to Philippe VI King of France in exchange for “les châteaux de Villehaudran et de Blancafort”, naming ”feu Jean de Durfort fils de Bernard de Durfort chevalier jadis seigneur de Flamarens...mort sans enfants[109]

b)         COMTESSE de Durfort (-before 4 Nov 1349).  Père Anselme names “Constance de Durfort” as first wife of Arnaud Guillaume de Montlezun Comte de Pardiac (without naming her parents), adding that her husband transported her to one of his castles and “l’y fit garder si étroitement qu’elle en mourut, dont il obtint remission le 4 novembre 1349[110].  Her parentage is indicated by the testament of her husband, dated 1369, which ordered “le lieu de Flamarens” to be returned to Jean Comte d’Armagnac, providing ”les héritiers d’Indie de Durfort” with the option to purchase at a fixed price[111]m as his first wife, ARNAUD GUILLAUME de Montlezun Comte de Pardiac, son of --- (-13 Aug 1379). 

c)         INDIE de Durfort (-after 1365).  Her parentage is indicated by a decision dated 1365 which recognised her as heir of her brother Jean and authorised her to claim rights to the vicomtés of Lomagne and Auvillars[112]m JEAN JOURDAIN [II] de l’Isle-Jourdain Seigneur de Clermont Sousbiran, son of BERNARD JOURDAIN [IV] Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain & his first wife Marguerite de Foix (-1375).  He succeeded his great nephew [after 1369] as Comte de l’Isle-Jourdain

 

 

GAILLARD [II] de Durfort, son of GAILLARD [I] de Durfort Seigneur de Duras & his wife Marguerite de Caumont ([1346]-[4 Feb/14 Sep] 1422)Seigneur de Duras.  Seneschal of Aquitaine.  Gaillard de Durfort seigneur de Duras appointed his mother Marguerite de Caumont as his proxy to receive this sum of 2,000 florins from Archambaud [IV] Comte de Périgord[113]

m firstly (31 Dec 1369) ELEONORE de Périgord, daughter of ROGER BERNARD Comte de Périgord & his wife Eléonore de Vendôme (-before 1390).  Gaillard de Durfort seigneur de Duras acknowledged receipt of 2,000 florins from Archambaud [V] Comte de Périgord, which was the dowry of Eléonore de Périgord, sister of the comte and wife of the seigneur de Duras, by document dated to [1370/73][114]

m secondly (before 1 Aug 1390) JEANNE de Lomagne, daughter of ---.  Will 23 Sep 1435. 

Gaillard [II] & his [second] wife had children: 

1.         GAILLARD [III] de Durfort (-[1442/20 Oct 1444]).  Seigneur de Durasm (before 10 Aug 1426) INDIE de La Lande, daughter of JEAN de La Lande Seigneur de La Brède & his wife Marie de Saint-Symphorien.  1444. 

a)         GAILLARD [IV] de Durfort (-[4 Feb/28 May] 1481)Seigneur de Durasm ANNE de la Pole, daughter of WILLIAM de la Pole Duke of Suffolk & his wife Alice Chaucer. 

i)          JEAN de Durfort (-12 Apr 1520).  Seigneur de Durasm firstly ([13 Dec 1479]) JEANNE Angevin, daughter of BERNARD Angevin Seigneur de Rausan & his wife Marguerite de Montferrand (-[4 Sep 1502/25 Jun 1504]).  m secondly ([9 May 1513]) CATHERINE de Foix, widow of FRANÇOIS de Manse, daughter of CORBEYRAN de Foix Seigneur de Rabat & his wife Jeanne de La Roque.  Will 1522. 

-         SEIGNEURS de DURAS, MARQUIS de DURAS[115]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    BORDEAUX

 

 

A.      COMTES de BORDEAUX

 

The history of the comtes de Bordeaux in the 10th and 11th centuries is obscure due to the limited number of references found in primary sources.  The following outline represents the best family reconstruction which can be achieved at the present time in light of the information available but, as will be seen, it is far from complete. 

 

 

1.         BERTRAND (-after [836]).  “Bertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836]), in the presence of “Adasio abbati[116].  Jaurgain refers to Bertrand as “comte de Bazas” but he cites no primary source on which he relies[117].  In another passage, Jaurgain refers to him as “Bertrand comte de Bazas et d’Agen” but he cites no source which confirms the holding of Agen[118]m BERTA, daughter of ---.  Bertrand & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         GUILLAUMEBertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836])[119]same person as...?  GUILLAUME (-[killed Bordeaux 848]).  Jaurgain assumes this co-identity but provides no primary source reference which confirms that he is correct[120]Comte de [Bordeaux].  [Duke of Gascony.]  He was presumably invested with part of Gascony after the death of Seguin [II] but no primary source has been found which confirms that this is correct.  The Chronicon Fontanellensis records that "Ducem eiusdem Guilhelmum" was captured (and presumably killed, but this is not stated in the source) when "Nortmanni" captured Bordeaux in 848[121]

b)         GAUSBERTBertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836])[122]

c)         ARNAUD .  “Bertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836])[123]

d)         BERNARD .  “Bertrandus...comes” established Benedictine rules at “monasterium Squirs” [later La Réole], with the consent of “uxore mea Berta et filiis meis Guillelmo, Gausberto, Arnaldo et Bernardo” by undated charter (maybe dated to [836])[124]

e)         [daughter The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Vulgrimnus" inherited "Aginnum...urbem" through "sororem Willelmi Tolosani" whom he had married[125].  The identity of "Willelmi Tolosani" is unclear.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc speculates that he was Guillaume Comte de Bordeaux (whom it refers to as comte de Toulouse), son of Bernard Marquis de Septimanie and his wife Dhuoda[126].  However, this proposed origin seems far from certain as this Guillaume, if he was indeed comte de Toulouse, could only have ruled the town briefly.  In addition, it seems strange that the relationship with her more illustrious (or notorious) father, Bernard, would not have been used in the source to place the wife of Vulgrin, if she had been the daughter of Bernard.  The editors of the third edition of the Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggest that the passage in Adhémar de Chabannes refers "probablement [à] Guillaume comte de Bordeaux"[127]Jaurgain suggests that this suggestion is correct, on the basis that Guillaume was the son of “Bertrand comte de Bazas et d’Agen” and therefore entitled to pass Agen to his brother-in-law[128].  Unfortunately, he cites no source which confirms that Bertrand was “comte d’Agen”, nor any source which confirms beyond doubt the co-identity between Bertrand’s son Guillaume and Guillaume Comte [de Bordeaux, [Duke of Gascony].  However, this second hypothesis has some appeal.  If it is correct, Vulgrin’s wife must have been considerable earlier than any daughter of Bernard Marquis de Septimanie, which is more consistent with Vulgrin being described as “senex” when he was appointed to Angoulême (see the document ANGOULÊME, LA MARCHE, PERIGORD).  m VULGRIN [I] Comte d'Angoulême, son of VULFARD [d'Angoulême] & his wife Susanna de Paris (-3 May 886, bur Angoulême Saint-Cybard).] 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME (-after [952/62]).  Comte de Bordeauxm ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

a)         --- de BordeauxComte de BordeauxThe Chronique de Guitres records that, after the death of “Adaicius”, his sons were confirmed in their rights [at Fronsac] by “Burdegalem...consulem ipsorum avunculum[129].  The chronology suggests that this was the same person as Raymond Comte de Bordeaux, who is named below.  This appears corroborated by his sister naming her second son Raymond. 

b)         daughter The Chronique de Guitres records that “Adaicius” married “Gillermum Burdegalensem consulem...filiam” and was granted “castrum de Fronsiac[130].  Depoin dates the marriage to [952/62][131]m ([952/62]) as his first wife, ADACIUS, son of ALCHIER Seigneur de Ribérac & his wife ---. 

 

 

2.         RAYMOND Jaurgain assumes that Raymond was the son of Guillaume Comte [de Bordeaux] [Duke of Gascony], who was captured in 848 (see above), but he cites no primary source on which he relies[132]Comte de Bordeauxm ANDREGOTO, daughter of ---.  "Comes Villelmus…matrem suam…Entregotis et uxorem suam Aremburgis" and "Guillelmus comes, filius Remundo comiti" founded the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated to "regnante Guillelmo comite, quod vocatur bonus in civitate Burdegalensi"[133].  Settipani suggests that the wife of Comte Raymond was Andregoto de Gascogne, daughter of Garcia Sanchez Duke of Gascony & his wife Amuna ---, but does not cite the primary source on which he bases his reasoning[134].  If he is correct, Andregoto was born [875/900], which places the dating of the 1027 charter for Bordeaux Sainte-Croix (see below) in doubt.  Raymond & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-11 Nov [after 1027]).  "Comes Villelmus…matrem suam…Entregotis et uxorem suam Aremburgis" and "Guillelmus comes, filius Remundo comiti" founded the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated to "regnante Guillelmo comite, quod vocatur bonus in civitate Burdegalensi"[135].  "Guillelmus…comes Aquitanie simul et dux Vasconie et uxor mea Remberga" donated property to the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated 1027[136].  The donors in these two charters appear to be the same person.  However, no connection has been made between the individuals named in the charters and the known dukes of Gascony or Aquitaine, which suggests either that the charters may be spurious or that they refer to a different family whose rule over the whole of Gascony and/or Aquitaine was not generally recognised.  Comte de Bordeaux.  An inscription, reputedly once in the church of Sainte-Quitterie at Aire but now disappeared, records the death "III Id Nov" of "Guilelmus comes C…[M]archio dux Guascanorum et…Garsie fratris eius comitus Agennensium"[137]m AREMBURGIS, daughter of ---.  "Guillelmus…comes Aquitanie simul et dux Vasconie et uxor mea Remberga" donated property to the abbey of Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by charter dated 1027[138]

b)         [GARCIA .  Comte d'Agen.  An inscription, reputedly once in the church of Sainte-Quitterie at Aire but now disappeared, records the death "III Id Nov" of "Guilelmus comes C…[M]archio dux Guascanorum et…Garsie fratris eius comitus Agennensium"[139].] 

 

 

3.         EUDES de Bordeaux, son of --- (-1039)m as her first husband, AINA de Périgord, daughter of [BOSON [III] Comte de Périgord & his wife Aina de Montignac] (-after 1058).  The Chronicle of Saint-Maixent names "Audeberti comitis Petragoricæ filiam" as the wife of "Gaufredus", specifying that they later separated on the grounds of consanguinity[140].  This is impossible from a chronological point of view if it is assumed the charters dated 1122 naming "Ascelina comitissa" (see ANGOULEME) refer to the wife of Audebert [III] Comte de Périgord.  It is therefore posited that Aina was the daughter of Boson [III] which, assuming the latter's birth in [990], is chronologically consistent with her first marriage before 1039.  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not so far been identified, although the charter dated 1043 under which "Ama comitissa Burdagelensis seu Petragorice patrie" donated property in the Dordogne to the monastery of Sainte-Marie-de-la-fin-des-terres suggests that it may be correct[141].  She married secondly (Jan 1044, repudiated 1058) as his first wife, Guy-Geoffroy d'Aquitaine Comte de Gascogne, who succeeded in 1058 as Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume VI Comte de Poitou]. After her repudiation by her second husband, she became a nun at Notre Dame de Saintes where she died. 

 

 

 

B.      BORDEAUX FAMILY

 

 

This family, presumably originally inhabitants of the town of Bordeaux who had adopted their name from their place of residence, consolidated its position in the local nobility by several high-profile marriages into other noble Gascon families and acquiring a portfolio of seigneuries in the area.  Satisfactory reconstruction of the genealogy of the family is hindered particularly by the repeted use of the name Pierre across the generations. 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUMEm ---.  Guillaume & his wife had one child:  

a)         PIERRE de Bordeaux (-after 1143).  "Petrus de Burdegala, Willelmi prepositi filius…cum uxore sua Guirauda" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated 1143[142]m GUIRAUDE, daughter of --- (-after 1143).  "Petrus de Burdegala, Willelmi prepositi filius…cum uxore sua Guirauda" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated 1143[143]

 

2.         PIERRE de Bordeaux m MATHILDE Vicomtesse de Tartas, daughter of GARCIA de Marche & his wife ---.  "Mateudis vicecomitissa de Tartas, filia Garsionis de Marcha, uxor Petri de Burdegala" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated to [1160/85][144]

 

 

Two brothers:

3.         GAILLARD de Bordeaux .  "Gallardus de Burdegala", after the death of "sui fratris Arnaldi de Lalanda militis", donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by undated charter dated to mid-12th century[145]

4.         ARNAUD de Lalande .  "Gallardus de Burdegala", after the death of "sui fratris Arnaldi de Lalanda militis", donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter undated dated to mid-12th century[146]

 

Two brothers: 

5.         PIERRE de Bordeaux .  "Petrus de Burdegala" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "Raimundo Willelmi fratre suo" who died in Jerusalem, by undated charter dated to mid-12th century[147]

6.         RAYMOND GUILLAUME de Bordeaux (-Jerusalem).  "Petrus de Burdegala" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "Raimundo Willelmi fratre suo" who died in Jerusalem, by undated charter dated to mid-12th century[148]

 

 

7.         PIERRE de Bordeauxm ---.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Bordeaux .  "Petrus de Burdegala, filius Petri prepositi" renounced royalties in favour of Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, in the presence of "uxore sua Marchisia…duobusque militibus Raimundo Arnaldi et Galardo de Burdegala" by undated charter dated to mid-12th century, which records that after the death of Pierre "fratre suo Amanevo" confirmed the donation[149]m MARQUISE, daughter of ---.  "Petrus de Burdegala, filius Petri prepositi" renounced royalties in favour of Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, in the presence of "uxore sua Marchisia…duobusque militibus Raimundo Arnaldi et Galardo de Burdegala" by undated charter dated to mid-12th century, which records that after the death of Pierre "fratre suo Amanevo" confirmed the donation[150]

b)         AMANIEU de Bordeaux .  "Petrus de Burdegala, filius Petri prepositi" renounced royalties in favour of Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, in the presence of "uxore sua Marchisia…duobusque militibus Raimundo Arnaldi et Galardo de Burdegala" by undated charter dated to mid-12th century, which records that after the death of Pierre "fratre suo Amanevo" confirmed the donation[151]

 

8.         PIERRE de Bordeaux (-after 6 Jun 1214)King John confirmed the fine paid by "Petro de Burdigal" for "custodiam honoris de Blankeford et de Insul et juris qd Wills de Blankeford habuit in Burgo" and the marriage of "Assaillida filia ipsius Pet  q heres est ipsius Willelmi" by charter dated 6 Jun 1214[152]m --- [de Blanquefort], daughter of ---.  King John confirmed the fine paid by "Petro de Burdigal" for "custodiam honoris de Blankeford et de Insul et juris qd Wills de Blankeford habuit in Burgo" and the marriage of "Assaillida filia ipsius Pet  q heres est ipsius Willelmi" by charter dated 6 Jun 1214[153].  It is not stated in this document that Pierre’s wife was the daughter of Guillaume de Blanquefort, only that their daughter was his heir.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         ASSALIDE de Bordeaux .  King John confirmed the fine paid by "Petro de Burdigal" for "custodiam honoris de Blankeford et de Insul et juris qd Wills de Blankeford habuit in Burgo" and the marriage of "Assaillida filia ipsius Pet  q heres est ipsius Willelmi" by charter dated 6 Jun 1214[154]

 

9.         PIERRE de Bordeaux (-after 1225).  “Senebrun [de Lesparre]” reached agreement with “Pierre de Bordeaux le jeune, époux de Comtor de Vayrines” concerning “la seigneurie de Mayan”, naming his father “Ayquem Wilhem bonæ memoriæ”, by charter dated 1225[155]m COMTOR de Vayrines, daughter of --- (-after 1225).  Senebrun [de Lesparre]” reached agreement with “Pierre de Bordeaux le jeune, époux de Comtor de Vayrines” concerning “la seigneurie de Mayan”, naming his father “Ayquem Wilhem bonæ memoriæ”, by charter dated 1225[156]

 

 

10.      GAILLARD de Bordeaux .  King Henry III summoned vassals to meet "apud Pontem", including "Gailardus de Burdigala, Petrus de Burdegala", dated 25 May 1242[157]

 

11.      PIERRE de Bordeaux (-after 25 Jul 1262).  King Henry III summoned vassals to meet "apud Pontem", including "Gailardus de Burdigala, Petrus de Burdegala", dated 25 May 1242[158].  The first testament of "el noble bar n’Amaniu de Labrit, filh de n’Amaniu de Labrid et de n’Assaride de Tartas", dated 25 Jul 1262, appoints "Pey de Bordel et na Mathe, sa fille et ma moilher" as his executors[159]m ---.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         MATHE de Bordeaux (-after May 1281)Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the testament of [her first husband] “Naiquem W. seher de Lesparra”, dated 4 May 1256, which confirmed the donation made on his marriage to “Mata sa molher” and donations made by “samolher per sin e an P. de Bordeu son paire[160].  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by first testament of her husband "el noble bar n’Amaniu de Labrit, filh de n’Amaniu de Labrid et de n’Assaride de Tartas", dated 25 Jul 1262, which appoints "Pey de Bordel et na Mathe, sa fille et ma moilher" as his executors[161].  The status of her second marriage was placed in doubt by the ecclesiastical judgment dated Apr 1272 which her ordered her husband’s first wife to return to him (see above).  No document has been found which indicates how the dispute was eventually resolved or what the ultimate impact was on the validity of this marriage or regarding the legitimacy of the couple’s children.  The testament of Mathe ve d’Amanjeu d’Albret”, dated May 1281, appointed “Amanjeu, Assalhite et Mathe ses enfants” as her heirs[162]m firstly AYQUELM-GUILHEM [III] Seigneur de Lesparre, son of SENEBRUN [III] Seigneur de Lesparre & his wife Mathilde de Tonnay-Charente (-[4 May 1256/4 Nov 1259]).  m secondly (after [4 May 1256/4 Nov 1259]) as his second wife, AMANIEU [VII] Seigneur d’Albret, son of AMANIEU [VI] Seigneur d’Albret & his first wife Assalide de Tartas (-after Apr 1272). 

 

12.      --- de Bordeauxm MATHE, daughter of ---.  After the death of Vicomte Vézian, his mother-in-law, Mathe de Bordeaux, wrote to Edward I King of England objecting to the inheritance of the viscountships of Lomagne and Auvillars by his sister and proposing her own son Amanieu as the preferred successor[163].  No proof has yet been found that this is the same person as Mathe de Bordeaux, wife of Amanieu [VII] Seigneur d’Albret, but this looks a likely possibility[164].  One child: 

a)         MARIE ANNE de Bordeaux (-after 6 Jan 1312).  After the death of Vicomte Vézian, his mother-in-law, Mathe de Bordeaux, wrote to Edward I King of England objecting to the inheritance of the viscountships of Lomagne and Auvillars by his sister and proposing her own son Amanieu as the preferred successor[165].  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Marie Anne demoiselle femme de Vesian de Lomagne...[166]m VEZIAN [III] Vicomte de Lomagne, son of ARNAUD [III Odon Vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars & his second wife (-1280). 

 

13.      PIERRE de Bordeauxm ---.  Pierre & his wife had four children: 

a)         PIERRE AMANIEU de Bordeaux (-after 21 May 1300).  Captal de Buch.  The testament of “P. Amaniu captal de Buyhs, caueyr, filh qui fo...P. de --- deffunt”, dated 21 May 1300, chose burial “a Comprian”, refers to “--- de Bordeu son fraire deffuntz...la dona na Hysebe deffunte molher qui fo dou deit seynhor en P. Amanju...la dona na Maria sa seror deffunte”, bequeathed property to “Guilhem de Bordeu son frayre...lo prumer filh o filhe ..de sa molher espoze...P. de Bordeu son nebod[167]m firstly ISABELLE, daughter of ---.  The testament of “P. Amaniu captal de Buyhs, caueyr, filh qui fo...P. de --- deffunt”, dated 21 May 1300, refers to “--- de Bordeu son fraire deffuntz...la dona na Hysebe deffunte molher qui fo dou deit seynhor en P. Amanju...la dona na Maria sa seror deffunte[168]m secondly ---.  Her existence is suggested by the testament of [her husband] “P. Amaniu captal de Buyhs, caueyr, filh qui fo...P. de --- deffunt”, dated 21 May 1300, which bequeathed property to “Guilhem de Bordeu son frayre...lo prumer filh o filhe ..de sa molher espoze...P. de Bordeu son nebod[169]

b)         --- de Bordeaux (-before 21 May 1300).  The testament of “P. Amaniu captal de Buyhs, caueyr, filh qui fo...P. de --- deffunt”, dated 21 May 1300, refers to “--- de Bordeu son fraire deffuntz...la dona na Hysebe deffunte molher qui fo dou deit seynhor en P. Amanju...la dona na Maria sa seror deffunte[170]m ---.  Two children: 

i)          PIERRE [VI] de Bordeaux (-1307 or before).  The testament of “P. Amaniu captal de Buyhs, caueyr, filh qui fo...P. de --- deffunt”, dated 21 May 1300, bequeathed property to “Guilhem de Bordeu son frayre...lo prumer filh o filhe ..de sa molher espoze...P. de Bordeu son nebod[171].  It has not been confirmed that the beneficiary Pierre was the son of the testator’s unnamed deceased brother who is also named in the testament.  Captal de Buch.  m ([1301]) as her first husband, JEANNE de Périgord, daughter of [HELIE [IX] TALAIRAN Comte de Périgord & his first wife Philippa de Lomagne] (-after 29 May 1332).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   However, if she was a member of the family of the Comtes de Périgord, it is chronologically consistent for her to have been the daughter of Comte Hélie [IX], by his first marriage considering the date of her own first marriage.  Her absence from the testament of Comte Hélie [IX] Talairand, dated 8 Aug 1302, suggests that Jeanne may not have been his daughter[172].  Her supposed first marriage is suggested by the act dated 1307 under which Pierre [II] de Grailly (who married firstly Assalide, sister of Pierre [VI] de Bordeaux, and was therefore heir to Pierre [VI], de iure uxoris) granted Jeanne "Petg" widow of "Pey de Bordeu" revenues in Médoc[173].  She married secondly (1307) Pons de Castillon.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the letter from Edward I King of England "pro Pontio domino de Castelione", dated 26 Apr 1307, requesting papal dispensation for the marriage between "Pontium filium dicti Pontii" and "Johanam de Peregort"[174], the dispensation being required because her first husband had been the maternal uncle of her proposed second husband although this reason is not specified in the document.  She married thirdly (before 1318) Sansaner des Pins Seigneur de Monheurt {Tarn-et-Garonne}.  Her third marriage is indicated by a bull of Pope John XXII dated 1318 which names "Sansaniero de Pinibus et…nobili mulieri Johanne Petragoris eius uxori"[175].  "Jeanne de Périgord, veuve de Sancenier des Pins" is named in act of the parlement dated 29 May 1332[176], and a peace treaty dated 1319 between "dominum Amaneum domino de Lebreto" [Amanieu [VII] Seigneur d'Albret] on the one hand and Jeanne de Périgord and her husband "dominum Sansanerium de Pinibus militem" [Sansaner des Pins] on the other[177]

ii)         ASSALIDE de Bordeaux (-1328).  She was heiress of her brother.  Captalesse de Buch.  Testified 2 Apr 1328[178]m firstly BERTRAND de l’Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [V] Seigneur de l’Isle-Jourdain & his wife Guillelme de Durfort (-before 1 Sep 1307).  m secondly (1 Sep 1307) as his first wife, PIERRE [II] de Grailly Seigneur de Grilly, son of PIERRE [I] de Grailly & his first wife Thalèse [Talesia] de Bouville (-1356).  Seigneur de Grilly, Rolle, Ville-la-Grand, Vicomte de Castillon, Captal de Buch. 

c)         GUILLAUME de Bordeaux (-after 21 May 1300).  The testament of “P. Amaniu captal de Buyhs, caueyr, filh qui fo...P. de --- deffunt”, dated 21 May 1300, bequeathed property to “Guilhem de Bordeu son frayre...lo prumer filh o filhe ..de sa molher espoze...P. de Bordeu son nebod[179]

d)         MARIE de Bordeaux (-before 21 May 1300).  The testament of “P. Amaniu captal de Buyhs, caueyr, filh qui fo...P. de --- deffunt”, dated 21 May 1300, refers to “--- de Bordeu son fraire deffuntz...la dona na Hysebe deffunte molher qui fo dou deit seynhor en P. Amanju...la dona na Maria sa seror deffunte[180]

 

14.      PIERRE [IV] de Bordeaux .  Seigneur de Puy-Paulin {a borough of Bordeaux, Gironde}.  Seneschal of Gascony.  m ASSALIDE de Rancon, daughter of ---.  Pierre [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Bordeaux (-[1 Apr 1305/1334]).  Pierre de Bordeaux is named in a letter dated 1 Apr 1305 by the king of England to his seneschal Jean de Havering[181].  Philippe VI King of France sent a commission to the seneschal of Périgord and Quercy dated 1334 ordering payment to "Jeanne de Périgord, veuve de Pierre de Bordeaux", of an allowance of 300 francs which her husband had allowed her from the fees paid by the market at Bordeaux[182]m JEANNE de Périgord, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD [III] Comte de Périgord & his second wife Marie d’Anduze ([1270] or after-[28 Apr 1341/Jan 1345]).  The second testament of Archambaud [III] dated Sep 1295 provided for dowries for "sororem Ayramburgis filiam nostram ordinis sororum Sancte Clare…quando contraxit matrimonium cum domino Anessantio de Caulomonte…Gualhardam cum Gualhardo de La Landa…Johannam…cum Petro de Burdigala"[183].  The dates associated with her father's first and second wives indicate that Jeanne must have been born from his second marriage (which is confirmed explicitly by her marriage contract).  The marriage contract between "Johana filha deu noble senhor Archambaud…compte de Peyregort et…la noble dona na Maria molhere" and "Pierre de Bordeau…filh…deu noble baron en Pierre de Bordeau" is dated 26 Jan 1290[184].  A series of charters dated 9 Nov 1316, 2 Apr 1327, 1328, 7 Sep 1329, 1340 and Apr 1341 record a lengthy dispute, and the ensuing arbitration, between "Jehanne de Perigort dame de Lavardac" and "le sire d’Albret" concerning "les lymites de Lavardac et de Nérac"[185].  Part of the seal of Jeanne de Périgord dame de Lavardac is attached to a parchment dated at Lavardac 28 Apr 1341[186].  She died before Jan 1345 when Jean Duke of Normandy (later Jean II King of France) granted property "Fauquerolles et Cauderoue" (which had been inherited by Jeanne's mother from Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse) to Cardinal Taleyrand de Périgord, the document stating that it had been handed to the English by "sa tante, feue Jeanne de Périgord"[187].  Under her testament dated 24 Aug 1342, she named her nephew Cardinal Talleyrand de Périgord as her sole legatee, with substitution in favour of her nephew Roger-Bernard Comte de Périgord[188].  Talleyrand, cardinal de Périgord, seigneur de Lavardac, granted a proxy to take possession of the property[189]

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de BLANQUEFORT

 

 

Blanquefort is located north-west of Bordeaux near the left bank of the river Gironde.  The castle of Blanquefort was presumably sold to the English crown in the latter part of the 13th century, although the precise date and circumstances of the sale have not been ascertained.  King Edward II granted castrum et villam de Blankaforti Burdegaliæ dioc.” to “Bertrandum de Guto nunc vicecomitem Leomanniæ et Alti Villaris” by charters dated 16 Jan 1313[190]

 

 

1.         AMAUVIN [I] de Blanquefort .  "Amalvinus de Blancafort" donated a serf to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, guaranteed by "Arnaudus cognatus meus et Gombaudus de Blancafort", by charter dated to [1100/20][191].  "Amalvinus Blanchefortensis cum Gastone Bearnensi" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin on leaving on crusade, for the soul of "Arnaudi avunculi sui Blanchefortensis" and with guarantors "ipse Amalvinus et Arnaldus Blanchefortensis consanguineus eius et Arnaldus de Illiaco", by charter dated to [1120][192]m ---.  The name of Amauvin’s wife is not known.  Amauvin & his wife had one child 

a)         ARNAUD .  A charter dated 1159 records that "Arnaldus filius suus" obtained property while "Amalbinus de Blancafort" was fighting in Jerusalem, and that he renounced rights to receipts from cereals in favour of Bordeaux Saint-Seurin[193]

 

2.         ARNAUD de Blanquefortm ---.  The name of Arnaud’s wife is not known.  Arnaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         RIXENDE .  "Rixendis, filia Arnaudi de Blancafort" donated a villein to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, in the hands of "Arnaudi de Blancafort cognati sui…et…Guitardi de Vitrinis mariti sui", by charter dated to [1160/75], witnessed by "Pontius de Cantamerla, Amanevus de Vitrinis et Tancredus frater eius"[194]m GUITARD de Veyrines, son of ARNAUD de Veyrines & his wife Arahais ---.  "Arnaudus de Vitrinis cum filio meo Guitardo et uxore mea Arahais" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated to [1101/30][195]

 

3.         VITAL de Blanquefort (-1181).  "Vitalis de Blancafort…" witnessed the charter dated 1172 under which "na Galarda filia domine Guille des Pereguer" confirmed the donations made by "pred. domina Guila et maritus eius Ato de Blancafort" to Gimont[196]m NAVARRA, daughter of --- de Seysses & his wife --- (-after 1181).  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181, witnessed by "Willelmus de Blancafort mon. Gem…."[197].  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[198]Vital & his wife had four children: 

a)         AMAUVIN [II] de Blanquefort (-after 1181).  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[199]Seigneur de Blanquefort.  "Arnaudus de Blancaforti" donated a villein to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "uxoris mee Ainie de Baiona", with the consent of "Amalbinus frater eius", by charter dated 1176[200].  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[201]

b)         ARNAUD de Blanquefort (-after 1181).  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[202].  "Arnaudus de Blancaforti" donated a villein to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "uxoris mee Ainie de Baiona", with the consent of "Amalbinus frater eius", by charter dated 1176[203]m AINA, daughter of --- (-after 1176).  "Arnaudus de Blancaforti" donated a villein to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, for the soul of "uxoris mee Ainie de Baiona", with the consent of "Amalbinus frater eius", by charter dated 1176[204].  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[205]

c)         VITAL (-after 1181).  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[206].  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[207]

d)         VITALIA (-after 1181).  "Amalvino de Blancafort et Arnaldo et Vitali et Vitalia et Navarra matre eorum" donated their land "de la Saldruna" to Gimont by charter dated 1181[208]

4.         [GUILLAUME de Blanquefort (-after 1189).  Monk at Gimont.  "Raimundo Arnaldo de Saises qui vocatur Babot et na Navarra sorore eius et marito eius Vitali de Blancafort, et Amalvino et Arnaldo e na Bidals, predicte Navarre et Vitalis de Blancafort filiis" donated revenue from "Sancti Juliani" to Gimont by charter dated 1181, witnessed by "Willelmus de Blancafort mon. Gem…."[209].  "Willelmus de Blancafort, mon. Gem." witnessed charters dated 1187 and 1189 which records donations to Gimont[210].  A charter dated 1188 records the judgment in favour of "Willelmus de Blancafort, mon. Gem….et fratribus eius" in his claim against "Vitale de Beavas" regarding "decimam Sancti Juliani"[211].  It is likely that "fratribus eius" in this charter refers to Guillaume’s fellow monks not his blood brothers.] 

 

5.         AUSTINDE ROBERT de Blanquefort .  "Austindus Rorberti de Blancafort" donated property to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin by charter dated to [1110/43][212]

 

6.         ATO de Blanquefort (-before 1164).  An undated charter summarises the donations of "Atone de Blancafort et Guilla uxor eius" to Gimont, including a donation made by "Guila" for the soul of "Atonis viri sui" and in the presence of "Vitalis de Blancafort", and her donation made with the consent of "Bernardus Willelmus filius pred. domine Guile et Willelmus de Blancafort filius pred. Guile"[213]m as her second husband, GUILLA de Peyrigué, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-[1164/69]).  "Na Guillae dez Peireguer que fuit uxor Atonis de Blancafort" donated property to Gimont by charter dated 1164, witnessed by "…Vitalis de Blancafort…"[214].  Her first marriage is suggested by the charter dated 1169 under which her daughter "Trona filia domine Guile de Pereguer…et Willelmus Unaudus maritus eius" confirmed the donations to Gimont by "pred. domina Guila et maritus eius Atto de Blancafort"[215].  Another probable child of her first marriage is named in the charter dated 1172 under which "na Galarda filia domine Guille des Pereguer" confirmed the donations made by "pred. domina Guila et maritus eius Ato de Blancafort" to Gimont by charter dated 1172, witnessed by "Vitalis de Blancafort…"[216].  An undated charter summarises the donations of "Atone de Blancafort et Guilla uxor eius" to Gimont, including a donation made by "Guila" for the soul of "Atonis viri sui" and in the presence of "Vitalis de Blancafort", and her donation made with the consent of "Bernardus Willelmus filius pred. domine Guile et Willelmus de Blancafort filius pred. Guile"[217].  The wording of the last part of this charter suggests that the first named "Willelmus" may also have been Guilla’s child by her earlier marriage.  Ato & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Blanquefort (-after 1171).  "Willelmo de Blancafort filio domine Guille de Pereguer" confirmed his mother’s donations to Gimont by charter dated 1171[218].  An undated charter summarises the donations of "Atone de Blancafort et Guilla uxor eius" to Gimont, including a donation made by "Guila" for the soul of "Atonis viri sui" and in the presence of "Vitalis de Blancafort", and her donation made with the consent of "Bernardus Willelmus filius pred. domine Guile et Willelmus de Blancafort filius pred. Guile"[219]same person as…?  GUILLAUME [I] "Guimaz" de Blanquefort m as her first husband, ASSALIDE de Tartas, daughter of --- Vicomte de Tartas & his wife --- (-after May 1180).  An undated charter, dated to the mid-12th century, records a donation by the deceased "Assalida filia vicecomitis de Tartas, que primo uxor Aiquem W. de Blancafort, secundo R. Bernard de Rouman" to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, confirmed by "frater eiusdem domine, Arnaldus Raimundi de Tartas et Aiquelmus Wilelmi filius suus", witnessed by "Garsion de Marcha…"[220].  "Domina Assalida et suis filiis Raimundo qui vocatur Rubeus et Guillelmo qui vocatur Guimaz et Bernardo qui vocatur Cogots" sold property "in honore de la Fita et de Burnau" to Gimont, with the advice of "Polonie uxoris Raimundi qui vocatur Rubeus", by charter dated May 1180[221].  She married secondly R. Bernard de Rouman.  Guillaume [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          RAYMOND "Rubeus" (-after May 1180).  "Domina Assalida et suis filiis Raimundo qui vocatur Rubeus et Guillelmo qui vocatur Guimaz et Bernardo qui vocatur Cogots" sold property "in honore de la Fita et de Burnau" to Gimont, with the advice of "Polonie uxoris Raimundi qui vocatur Rubeus", by charter dated May 1180[222].  m POLONIE, daughter of --- (-after May 1180).  "Domina Assalida et suis filiis Raimundo qui vocatur Rubeus et Guillelmo qui vocatur Guimaz et Bernardo qui vocatur Cogots" sold property "in honore de la Fita et de Burnau" to Gimont, with the advice of "Polonie uxoris Raimundi qui vocatur Rubeus", by charter dated May 1180[223]

ii)         GUILLAUME [II] "Guimaz" de Blanquefort (-after May 1180).  An undated charter, dated to the mid-12th century, records a donation by the deceased "Assalida filia vicecomitis de Tartas, que primo uxor Aiquem W. de Blancafort, secundo R. Bernard de Rouman" to Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, confirmed by "frater eiusdem domine, Arnaldus Raimundi de Tartas et Aiquelmus Wilelmi filius suus", witnessed by "Garsion de Marcha…"[224].  Another probable child of her first marriage is named in the charter dated 1172 under which "na Galarda filia domine Guille des Pereguer" confirmed the donations made by "pred. domina Guila et maritus eius Ato de Blancafort" to Gimont by charter dated 1172, witnessed by "Vitalis de Blancafort…"[225].  "Domina Assalida et suis filiis Raimundo qui vocatur Rubeus et Guillelmo qui vocatur Guimaz et Bernardo qui vocatur Cogots" sold property "in honore de la Fita et de Burnau" to Gimont, with the advice of "Polonie uxoris Raimundi qui vocatur Rubeus", by charter dated May 1180[226]

iii)        [BERNARD "Cogots" (-after May 1180).  "Domina Assalida et suis filiis Raimundo qui vocatur Rubeus et Guillelmo qui vocatur Guimaz et Bernardo qui vocatur Cogots" sold property "in honore de la Fita et de Burnau" to Gimont, with the advice of "Polonie uxoris Raimundi qui vocatur Rubeus", by charter dated May 1180[227].  His name suggests that Bernard was his mother’s child by her second marriage.] 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Blanquefort (-before 1214).  It is possible that this was the same person as Guillaume [II] “Guimaz” de Blanquefort who is shown above.  King John confirmed the fine paid by "Petro de Burdigal" for "custodiam honoris de Blankeford et de Insul et juris qd Wills de Blankeford habuit in Burgo" and the marriage of "Assaillida filia ipsius Pet  q heres est ipsius Willelmi" by charter dated 6 Jun 1214[228]

 

2.         [--- de Blanquefort .  King John confirmed the fine paid by "Petro de Burdigal" for "custodiam honoris de Blankeford et de Insul et juris qd Wills de Blankeford habuit in Burgo" and the marriage of "Assaillida filia ipsius Pet  q heres est ipsius Willelmi" by charter dated 6 Jun 1214[229].  It is not stated in this document that Pierre’s wife was the daughter of Guillaume de Blanquefort, only that their daughter was his heir.  m PIERRE de Bordeaux, son of --- (-after 6 Jun 1214).] 

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Blanquefort m CATHERINE de Madaillon de Lesparre Dame de Pujols et de Rauzan, daughter of [--- de Madaillon & his wife --- de Lesparre].  The Documens Historiques du Rouergue records her family origin and marriage without citing any source on which the information is based[230].  The primary source which confirms this information has not been identified.  If it is correct, the chronology suggests that Catherine may have been the niece of Florimont Seigneur de Lesparre, daughter of his unnamed sister.  Hugues & his wife had children: 

a)         JEAN de Blanquefort The Documens Historiques du Rouergue records his parentage without citing any source on which the information is based[231]Seigneur de Blanquefort et de Pujols.  m as her first husband, CATHERINE de Roquefeuil, daughter of ARNAUD [IV] Seigneur de Roquefeuil & his wife Hélène de Castelnau (-before 18 Jul 1405).  The testament of Arnaud de Roquefeuil seigneur de Roquefeuil comtor de Nant”, dated 29 Sep 1385, appointed “Catherine sa fille...femme de noble Jean de Blanquefort” as his heir, naming “Raimond de Roquefeuil...Arnaud fils du seigneur de Clermont...le fils aîné de Delphine sa fille...son neveu Hugues d’Arpajon...Pons de Tessan seigneur de St. Ginies et...Jean Jourdan seigneur de Montlaur” as successive substitutes[232].  She married secondly Pons de Châteauneuf Seigneur de Chaumont.  She must have died before the 18 Jul 1405 marriage contract of her son Antoine (see below).  Jean & his wife had children: 

i)          ANTOINE de Roquefeuil (-4 Jan 1417)Seigneur de Blanquefort, Seigneur de Roquefeuil

-         SEIGNEURS de ROQUEFEUIL

 

 

 

D.      VICOMTES de FRONSAC

 

 

Fronsac is located about 40 kilometres east of Bordeaux, near Libourne, in the present-day French département of Gironde.  Records of Vicomtes de Fronsac, between the mid-10th and early 14th centuries, have been found in primary sources which are extracted below.  In particular, an unusual amount of information, unavailable elsewhere, is provided by the 11th century Chronique de Guîtres which records the early generations of the family.  It should be noted that, in the reconstruction set out below, no information has been found in the primary sources so far consulted relating to the vicomtes de Fronsac between the early 11th and early 13th centuries. 

 

 

1.         ALCHIER .  Seigneur de Ribérac.  The Chronique de Guitres records that “Alcherius” built “castello suo, Ribbairac[233]m ---.  The name of Alchier’s wife is not known.  Alchier & his wife had two children: 

a)         ADACIUS [Ays] .  The Chronique de Guitres names “Adaicium, secundo Aldagerium” as the two sons of “Alcherius” and his unnamed wife, adding that both brothers were granted “castellum et honorem de Sancto-Austerio” by the bishop of Périgueux[234]Vicomte de Fronsac.  The Chronique de Guitres records that “Gillermum Burdegalensem consulem” granted “castrum de Fronsiac” to “Adaicius” on his marriage[235]m firstly ([952/62]) --- de Bordeaux, daughter of GUILLAUME Comte de Bordeaux & his wife ---.  The Chronique de Guitres records that “Adaicius” married “Gillermum Burdegalensem consulem...filiam” and was granted “castrum de Fronsiac[236].  Depoin dates the marriage to [952/62][237]m secondly --- de Montaut, daughter of ---.  The Chronique de Guitres records the second wife of “Adaicius” as “de Montealto[238].  Adacius & his first wife had children: 

i)          GRIMOARD de Fronsac (-after 1012).  The Chronique de Guitres names “Grimoardum vicecomitem, secundo Raymundo de Fronsiac” as the two sons of “Adaicius” by his first marriage[239]Vicomte de Fronsac.  “Grimoardo et Raimundo [...fratris eius] necnon Grimoardo et Hislono episcopis, et fratribus eorumdem Aimerico, Arnaldo, Geraldo, atque eorum consanguineo Helia Gausfredo vicario” consented to the foundation of Saint-Astier by charter dated 1012[240]m DEA de Montignac, daughter of ---.  The Chronique de Guitres records that “Grimoardus” married “de Montiniac...Dea[241].  Grimoard & his wife had two children: 

(1)       ALAISIA de Fronsac .  The Chronique de Guitres names “Alaaz Engolismensem comitissam et Ameliam Petragorcicorum comitissam” as the children of “Grimoardus” and his wife “de Montiniac...Dea[242]The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records the marriage of "Ilduinem comitem" and "comitissæ Alaiziæ", specifying that she brought "castro Fronciaco" to her husband[243].  The Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis records that "filius...Alduini...Willermus Chausardus" held "solummodo Mastacium et medietatem castri Fronciaci" after the death of his father and succession of his paternal uncle, stating that “comes Willelmus eius avus” had disinherited “filios et filias” [of Hilduin] because “uxor eiusdem Audoini” had poisoned him[244]m HILDUIN d’Angoulême, son of GUILLAUME [IV] Comte d'Angoulême & his wife Gerberge d'Anjou (-1032 before 1 May).  He succeeded his father in 1028 as Comte d'Angoulême

(2)       AMELIE de Fronsac .  The Chronique de Guitres names “Alaaz Engolismensem comitissam et Ameliam Petragorcicorum comitissam” as the children of “Grimoardus” and his wife “de Montiniac...Dea[245]The chronology appears favourable for Amélie to have been the wife of Hélie [II] Comte de Périgord, as shown by Settipani[246], but there does not appear to be any direct proof which confirms that this is correct.  m [HELIE [II] Comte de Périgord, son of BOSON [II] Comte de la Marche et de Périgord & his wife --- ([990]-after [1032/33]). 

ii)         RAYMOND [I] de Fronsac (-after 1012).  The Chronique de Guitres names “Grimoardum vicecomitem, secundo Raymundo de Fronsiac” as the two sons of “Adaicius” by his first marriage[247]Vicomte de Fronsac

-         see below

iii)        ADELAIDE .  The Chronique de Guitres names “Alaas de Granol, alia Ermessenz de Marol, tercia Ermengars de Rochacart” as the daughters of “Adaicius” by his first marriage[248]m --- de Grignols, son of ---. 

iv)       ERMESENDE .  The Chronique de Guitres names “Alaas de Granol, alia Ermessenz de Marol, tercia Ermengars de Rochacart” as the daughters of “Adaicius” by his first marriage[249]m --- de Mareuil, son of ---. 

v)        ERMENGARDE .  The Chronique de Guitres names “Alaas de Granol, alia Ermessenz de Marol, tercia Ermengars de Rochacart” as the daughters of “Adaicius” by his first marriage[250].  “Rochacart” in this document most likely represents an abbreviated form of Rochechouart.  However, no link can yet be found to the known vicomtes de Rochechouart who are shown in the document LIMOUSIN.  From a chronological point of view, Ermengarde’s husband would have been of the same generation as Aimery [II] Vicomte de Rochechouart.  However, the wife of Vicomte Aimery [II] is recorded elsewhere as Ermesende.  It is possible that Ermengarde’s husband was a brother of Aimery [II].  Another possibility is that the Chronique de Guitres has confused the sisters Ermesende and Ermengarde de Fronsac, and that it was Ermesende who was the wife of Aimery [II].  m --- de Rochechouart, son of ---. 

Adacius & his second wife had one child: 

vi)       ADACIUS [Ays] (-bur St Astier).  The Chronique de Guitres records that “Adaicius” had “filium, quem suo vocavit nomine” by his second marriage, adding that he headed “Asteriensem...ecclesiam” for a long time and was buried “in Sancti Asterii capitulo[251]

b)         AUDEGIER .  The Chronique de Guitres names “Adaicium, secundo Aldagerium” as the two sons of “Alcherius” and his unnamed wife, adding that both brothers were granted “castellum et honorem de Sancto-Austerio” by the bishop of Périgueux, and that  Audager was granted “Moysidan” by “Guilhermi Talleranni, Petragoricum consulis” [may possibly refer to Guillaume [III] Comte de Périgord et d’Angoulême, who died in 962][252].  Seigneur de Mussidan. 

 

 

RAYMOND [I] de Fronsac, son of ADAICIUS Vicomte de Fronsac & his first wife --- de Bordeaux (-after 1012).  The Chronique de Guitres names “Grimoardum vicecomitem, secundo Raymundo de Fronsiac” as the two sons of “Adaicius” by his first marriage[253]Vicomte de Fronsac.  “Grimoardo et Raimundo [...fratris eius] necnon Grimoardo et Hislono episcopis, et fratribus eorumdem Aimerico, Arnaldo, Geraldo, atque eorum consanguineo Helia Gausfredo vicario” consented to the foundation of Saint-Astier by charter dated 1012[254]

m --- de Angle, daughter of ---.  The Chronique de Guitres records that “Raymundo de Fronsiac”, son of “Adaicius” by his first marriage, married “uxorem de Angla[255]

Raymond [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         RAYMOND [II] de Fronsac .  The Chronique de Guitres names “Raymundum vicecomitem” as the child of “Raymundo de Fronsiac” and his “uxorem de Angla[256]Vicomte de Fronsac  

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME AIZ de Fronsac (-after 1209).  Vicomte de FronsacWillelmus Ais vicecomes de Frontiaco” wrote to the archbishop of Bordeaux relating to “ecclesiam Silve Majoris” by charter dated 1209[257]

 

 

1.         RAYMOND de Fronsac (-after 14 Aug 1242).  Henry III King of England agreed peace with “Remundum vicecomitem de Frunzak”, the latter providing “Willielmum Amaneni filium suum primogenitum” as hostage, by charter dated 14 Aug 1242[258]m ---.  The name of Raymond’s wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had two children: 

a)         --- de Fronsac (-before 1315).  Vicomte de FronsacThe name of Yolande’s husband is not known.  The second charter dated 20 Apr 1315 which is quoted below suggests that he may have been “vicomte de Fronsac”, presumably descended from the earlier vicomtes de Fronsac who are shown above, as the document names “Guillielmum Amaneny de Fronciaco patruum eiusdem vicecomitis” as joint tutor of Vicomte Raymond acting together with Yolande, assuming that “patruum” is interpreted in its strict sense of paternal uncle.  If that is correct, the title “vicecomitissa Frontiaci” accorded to Yolande in the charter dated 3 Mar 1315 would not indicate that she was vicomtesse in her own right.  m YOLANDE de Solier, daughter of ARNAUD RAYMOND de Solier Seigneur de Belin & his wife --- (-after 3 Mar 1315).  “Domina Yolendis de Solerio vicecomitissa Frontiaci, domina de Belino, filia quondam et hæres Arnaldi Reymundi de Solerio domino de Belino” appointed proxies by charter dated 3 Mar 1315[259].   One child:

i)          RAYMONDVicomte de Fronsac.  A charter dated 20 Apr 1315 records the settlement of disputes between King Edward II and “Reymundum nunc vicecomitem Fronciaci seu eius tutores”, referring to disputes between “Yolendim de Solerio” and Philippe IV King of France “super...feodis...quas Arnaldus Reymundi de Solerio pater ipsius Yolendis habebat...in Bornio tempore quo vivebat[260].  Another charter dated 20 Apr 1315 records the settlement of disputes between King Edward I and “vicecomites Fronciaci, prædecessores Reimundi nunc vicecomitis dicti loci” concerning “restitutione castri de Burgo supra Mare”, referring to negotiations with “Yolendem matrem prædicti Reimundi et Guillielmum Amaneny de Fronciaco patruum eiusdem vicecomitis tutores testamentarios ipsius vicecomitis[261]

b)         GUILLAUME AMANIEU de Fronsac (-[after 20 Apr 1315]).  Henry III King of England agreed peace with “Remundum vicecomitem de Frunzak”, the latter providing “Willielmum Amaneni filium suum primogenitum” as hostage, by charter dated 14 Aug 1242[262].  A charter dated 20 Apr 1315 records the settlement of disputes between King Edward I and “vicecomites Fronciaci, prædecessores Reimundi nunc vicecomitis dicti loci” concerning “restitutione castri de Burgo supra Mare”, referring to negotiations with “Yolendem matrem prædicti Reimundi et Guillielmum Amaneny de Fronciaco patruum eiusdem vicecomitis tutores testamentarios ipsius vicecomitis[263].  It is unclear from the wording of this document whether Guillaume Amanieu was still alive at the date of the charter. 

 

 

1.         --- Vicomte de Fronsac.  This person has not yet been identified.  The chronology suggests that he was Raymond Vicomte de Fronsac who is named above in charters dated 1315.  Edward III King of England wrote to “vicecomiti de Fronsak” (as well as other nobles in Gascony) congratulating him on his loyalty and good work (“vestræ devotionis affectus...fidelium nostrorum testimonia, set effectus operis...”) by charter dated 25 Jul 1337[264].  It is not known whether this document relates to the same vicomte de Fronsac.  m (contract 11 Aug 1323) ASSALIDE d’Albret, daughter of AMANIEU [VII] Seigneur d’Albret & his wife Rose de Bourg.  The marriage contract of "Assalide d’Albret, fille de messire Amanieu sire d’Albret" and "le visconte de Fronsac" is dated 11 Aug 1323[265].  A charter dated 10 Aug 1324 confirms that "la dite dame Assalide d’Albret" received her dowry from "messire Amanieu son père et…dame Isabeau de Gironde sa mère"[266].  Presumably the reference to her mother "Isabeau de Gironde" is an error, as Rose de Bourg, wife of Amanieu [VII] Seigneur d’Albret survived her husband as shown by her testament referred to above.

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de LESPARRE

 

 

Lesparre, known today as Lesparre-Médoc is located in the Médoc area on the left bank of the Gironde estuary, north-west of Bordeaux, in the present-day French département of Gironde.  Rabanis notes that the seigneurs de Lesparre were direct vassals of the dukes of Aquitaine[267].  The seigneurial family was studied in 1966 by Trabut-Cussac[268]

 

 

1.         GAUCELM .  He is named as father of Gonbaud in the charter dated 1100 quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Gaucelm’s wife is not known.  Gaucelm & his wife had one child:

a)         GOMBAUD Gaucelm .  He is named as father of Pierre and Raymond in the charter dated 1100 quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Gombaud’s wife is not known.  Gombaud & his wife had two children:

i)          RAYMOND Gombaud (-before 1100).  He is named as deceased son of Gombaud Gaucelm and father of Gombaud Raymond and Raymond in the charter dated 1100 quoted below.  m ---.  The name of Raymond’s wife is not known.  Raymond Gombaud & his wife had two children: 

(a)       GOMBAUD Raymond de Lesparre .  “Petrus Gonbaldi et Gonbaldus Ramundi et Ramundus, duo fratres germani nepotes…mei de castello…Sparra” donated property in the parishes of Saint-Pierre de Tresse and Saint-Siméon de Mélac to Bordeaux Saint-André, for the souls of “patrum nostrorum…Gonbaudi Galcelmi et Ramundi Gonbaldi filii eius”, naming “Goscelinum Ramundi et Arnaldum Guillelmi de Burgo” as fiduciaries, by charter dated 1100[269]

(b)       RAYMOND de Lesparre .  “Petrus Gonbaldi et Gonbaldus Ramundi et Ramundus, duo fratres germani nepotes…mei de castello…Sparra” donated property in the parishes of Saint-Pierre de Tresse and Saint-Siméon de Mélac to Bordeaux Saint-André, for the souls of “patrum nostrorum…Gonbaudi Galcelmi et Ramundi Gonbaldi filii eius”, by charter dated 1100[270]

ii)         PIERRE Gombaud de Lesparre (-after 1100).  Petrus Gonbaldi et Gonbaldus Ramundi et Ramundus, duo fratres germani nepotes…mei de castello…Sparra” donated property in the parishes of Saint-Pierre de Tresse and Saint-Siméon de Mélac to Bordeaux Saint-André, for the souls of “patrum nostrorum…Gonbaudi Galcelmi et Ramundi Gonbaldi filii eius”, naming “Goscelinum Ramundi et Arnaldum Guillelmi de Burgo” as fiduciaries, by charter dated 1100[271]

 

 

1.         AYQUELM-GUILHEM [I] de Lesparre (-after 1130).  Seigneur de LesparreAyquem-Guilhem Seigneur de Lesparre authorised Geoffroy de Lauriole to construct the church of Saint-Pierre on his land in the parish of Saint-Romain d’Ordenac, l’Ile-en-Médoc, by charter dated 1130[272]"...Stephanus de Caumont, et Petrus de Gontalt, atque Aiquelinus Guillelmi de Lesparra, et Guillelmus Elias de Insula…" subscribed the charter dated to [1127/37] under which Guillaume X Duke of Aquitaine donated rights to salt in la Pouyade and la Formentade to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux[273]

 

2.         [SENEBRUN [I] “le Vieux” de Lesparre (-after 25 Jun 1175).  Pope Alexander III instructed the bishop of Périgord to make “Senebrunus de Sparra” restore “villam de Solaco” to Bordeaux Sainte-Croix by bull dated 25 Jun 1175[274].  He is named “pro patruus” of Sénebrun [IV] Seigneur de Lesparre in the following document: a vidimus of “nobilis viri Senebruni nunc domini Sparre” dated 4 Nov 1259 quotes a charter dated 27 May 1249 under which “Senebrunus de Sparra miles” settled a dispute with the abbot of l’Isle-en-Médoc concerning “medietate decime de Gualhan”, which the abbot claimed had been donated by “nobili viro Senebruno seniore, pro patruo nostro, nobili viro Ayquelmo Guillelmi avo nostro[275].  Trabut-Cussac distinguishes Sénebrun [I] (named only in 1175) from Sénebrun [II] (named only in 1195), on the basis that the latter’s brother Ayquelm-Guilhem [II] was “dominus” in the charter dated 1195 quoted below, whereas according to him the bull of Pope Alexander III was addressed alone to “Sénebrun sire de Lesparre[276].  However, as can be seen from the extract quoted above, the Papal bull refers only to “Senebrunus de Sparra” not as “dominus”.  In addition, the term “propatruus” would, in its strict sense, refer to someone in the generation preceding an individual’s “patruus”, although it could presumably also be used in the extended sense of great-great-uncle.  A charter dated to [1325], relating to claims to property reserved to the second sons of the seigneurs de Lesparre, cites the precedent of “Senebrunus senior proavunculus...domini Senebruni [Sénebrun [V] de Lesparre, see below] qui fuit secundus frater[277].  The document does not name his older brother.  A further point is that the mentions of Sénebrun in 1175 and 1195 are sufficiently near in time to refer to the same person.  In conclusion, the question of the separate existence of Sénebrun [I] remains open.] 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         AYQUELM-GUILHEM [II] de Lesparre (-after 1195).  Seigneur de LesparreA charter dated 1195 records the settlement of disputes by the Archbishop of Bordeaux between Bordeaux Sainte-Croix and Aiguelmum Willelmi dominum de Lesparra et Senebrunum fratrem eius”, in particular relating to property “apud Solaco[278]m ---.  The name of Ayquelm-Guilhem’s wife is not known.  Ayquelm-Guilhem [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         SENEBRUN [III] de Lesparre (-[25 May/2 Jun] 1242)Seigneur de Lesparre.  “Senebrun [de Lesparre]” reached agreement with “Pierre de Bordeaux le jeune, époux de Comtor de Vayrines” concerning “la seigneurie de Mayan”, naming his father “Ayquem Wilhem bonæ memoriæ”, by charter dated 1225[279]King Henry III summoned “Selebruno de Lesparre” to meet him "apud Pontem" by charter dated 25 May 1242[280].  The charter dated 2 Jun 1242 quoted below suggests that Sénebrun was deceased at the time.  m MATHILDE de Tonnay-Charente, daughter of GEOFFROY [II] Seigneur de Tonnay-Charente & his wife --- (-after 19 Jun 1243).  “Geoffroi de Tonnay frère de Mathilde et Gauvin de Tonnay son oncle paternel” petitioned King Henry III and stated that “Geoffroi de Tonnay père de Mathilde” had given her dowry on her marriage to Sénébrun de Lesparre, dated 2 and 3 Jun 1242[281].  A charter dated 19 Jun 1243 ordered restitution to “Maud late the wife of Senebrun de la Sparr” of rent which “Geoffroy de Talneo” gave with her his daughter “in marriage to the said Senebrun[282].  Sénebrun [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          AYQUELM-GUILHEM [III] de Lesparre (-[4 May 1256/4 Nov 1259])Seigneur de LesparreAyquem-Guilhem Seigneur de Lesparre and “son fils Arnaud-Ayquem” founded the convent of Lesparre Saint-François by charter dated 1239[283]Trabut-Cussac suggests that this document is misdated, preferring 1249[284].  He does not specify the reasons for his suggestion, but from a chronological point of view the later date is preferable considering the seven children born to Ayquelm-Guilhem’s widow by her second husband.  The testament of “Naiquem W. seher de Lesparra”, dated 4 May 1256, confirmed the donation made on his marriage to “Mata sa molher” and donations made by “samolher per sin e an P. de Bordeu son paire” and by “Senebruns ses paire que fo”, and bequeathed property for the marriage of “Marquesa sa filha[285].  He died before 4 Nov 1259, the date of the vidimus which names “nobilis viri Senebruni nunc domini Sparre” (see below).  m as her first husband, MATHE de Bordeaux, daughter of PIERRE de Bordeaux Captal de Buch & his wife --- (-after May 1281).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the testament of [her first husband] “Naiquem W. seher de Lesparra”, dated 4 May 1256, which confirmed the donation made on his marriage to “Mata sa molher” and donations made by “samolher per sin e an P. de Bordeu son paire[286].  She married secondly as his second wife, Amanieu [VII] Seigneur d’Albret.  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by the first testament of her second husband "el noble bar n’Amaniu de Labrit, filh de n’Amaniu de Labrid et de n’Assaride de Tartas", dated 25 Jul 1262, which appoints "Pey de Bordel et na Mathe, sa fille et ma moilher" as his executors[287].  The testament of Mathe ve d’Amanjeu d’Albret”, dated May 1281, appointed “Amanjeu, Assalhite et Mathe ses enfants” as her heirs[288].  Ayquelm-Guilhem [III] & his wife had two children: 

(a)       ARNAUD-AYQUELM de Lesparre (-before 4 May 1256).  Ayquem-Guilhem Seigneur de Lesparre and “son fils Arnaud-Ayquem” founded the convent of Lesparre Saint-François by charter dated 1239[289]Trabut-Cussac suggests that this document is misdated, preferring 1249[290].  He does not specify the reasons for his suggestion, but from a chronological point of view the later date is preferable considering the seven children born to Ayquelm-Guilhem’s widow by her second husband. 

(b)       MARQUESE de Lesparre (-after 4 May 1256).  The testament of “Naiquem W. seher de Lesparra”, dated 4 May 1256, equeathed property for the marriage of “Marquesa sa filha[291].  She predeceased her mother as shown by the latter’s testament dated May 1281 quoted above. 

ii)         SENEBRUN [IV] de Lesparre (-[1 Jan/30 Sep] 1282)Seigneur de LesparreA vidimus of “nobilis viri Senebruni nunc domini Sparre” dated 4 Nov 1259 quotes a charter dated 27 May 1249 under which “Senebrunus de Sparra miles” settled a dispute with the abbot of l’Isle-en-Médoc concerning “medietate decime de Gualhan”, which the abbot claimed had been donated by “nobili viro Senebruno seniore, pro patruo nostro, nobili viro Ayquelmo Guillelmi avo nostro”, sealed by “sigilla nobilis viri Ayquelmi Guillelmi domini Sparre fratris nostre[292]

-         see below.  

iii)        AUMOYS de Lesparre .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 23 Apr 1280 under which [her brother] “Lo noble baro en Senebru senhor de Lesparra” noted that he had given “Campgran” to “dona Maymoys sa sor” on her marriage to “lo senh en W. Seguin Darrions son marit[293]m (after [4 May 1256/4 Nov 1259]) GUILLAUME Seguin de Rions, son of ---. 

2.         SENEBRUN [II] de Lesparre (-after 1195).  A charter dated 1195 records the settlement of disputes by the Archbishop of Bordeaux between Bordeaux Sainte-Croix and Aiguelmum Willelmi dominum de Lesparra et Senebrunum fratrem eius”, in particular relating to property “apud Solaco[294]

 

 

SENEBRUN [IV] de Lesparre, son of SENEBRUN [III] Seigneur de Lesparrre & his wife Mathilde de Tonnay-Charente (-[1 Jan/30 Sep] 1282)Seigneur de LesparreA vidimus of “nobilis viri Senebruni nunc domini Sparre” dated 4 Nov 1259 quotes a charter dated 27 May 1249 under which “Senebrunus de Sparra miles” settled a dispute with the abbot of l’Isle-en-Médoc concerning “medietate decime de Gualhan”, which the abbot claimed had been donated by “nobili viro Senebruno seniore, pro patruo nostro, nobili viro Ayquelmo Guillelmi avo nostro”, sealed by “sigilla nobilis viri Ayquelmi Guillelmi domini Sparre fratris nostre[295].  “Lo noble baro en Senebru senhor de Lesparra” acknowledged that “Montinhac...Trossas...Galhan...La Fontana...Batbertram...Campgran” (the last named which he had granted to “dona Maymoys sa sor” on her marriage to “lo senh en W. Seguin Darrions son marit”) formed part of the traditional inheritance of the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre and granted them to “Senebrun son segont filh e premier filh de lui e de la dona Nagne sa molher filha qui fo deu senhor en P. de Gavarret”, and if he died to “Bernot son autre filh, fraire german deudeyt Senebrun...frayres menors de Lesparra”, by charter dated 23 Apr 1280[296]

m firstly [AGNES] de Mirambeau, daughter of ---.  She is named as the wife of Sénebrun [IV] by Rabanis who notes that her father established “une dot hypothéquée sur la terre de Cognac” in her favour[297].  As Rabanis does not mention Sénebrun’s second marriage, it is possible that he has confused her name with the name of his first wife.  Her family origin is suggested by the charter dated 30 Sep 1282 which records the settlement of a dispute between “la dona Nagnes molher qui fo deu noble baron en Senebrun senhor de Lesparra qui fo, tant per sin que per Senebrun e per Bernart sos filhs” and “lo noble baron Nayquem Wilhem filh e hereter deudit senhor en Senebrun qui fo” concerning “lo maridatge eu don degut ala deita dona Nagnes”, with the consent of “deus nobles senhors Nartaut senhor de Mirambeu e den Guitqard de Borc senhor de Vertujh, cavoirs[298].  This document suggests that her son may still have been a minor at that date, under the guardianship of the two persons who gave their consent to the settlement, the former being a member of the Mirambeau family. 

m secondly AGNES de Gabarret, daughter of PIERRE Seigneur de Gabarret & his wife --- (-after Sep 1282).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 23 Apr 1280 under which [her husband] “Lo noble baro en Senebru senhor de Lesparra” acknowledged that “Montinhac...Trossas...Galhan...La Fontana...Batbertram...Campgran” formed part of the traditional inheritance of the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre and granted them to “Senebrun son segont filh e premier filh de lui e de la dona Nagne sa molher filha qui fo deu senhor en P. de Gavarret”, and if he died to “Bernot son autre filh, fraire german deudeyt Senebrun...frayres menors de Lesparra[299]A charter dated 30 Sep 1282 records the settlement of a dispute between “la dona Nagnes molher qui fo deu noble baron en Senebrun senhor de Lesparra qui fo, tant per sin que per Senebrun e per Bernart sos filhs” and “lo noble baron Nayquem Wilhem filh e hereter deudit senhor en Senebrun qui fo” concerning “lo maridatge eu don degut ala deita dona Nagnes”, with the consent of “deus nobles senhors Nartaut senhor de Mirambeu e den Guitqard de Borc senhor de Vertujh, cavoirs[300]

Sénebrun [IV] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         AYQUELM-GUILHEM [IV] de Lesparre (-[1287])Seigneur de Lesparre.  A charter dated 30 Sep 1282 records the settlement of a dispute between “la dona Nagnes molher qui fo deu noble baron en Senebrun senhor de Lesparra qui fo, tant per sin que per Senebrun e per Bernart sos filhs” and “lo noble baron Nayquem Wilhem filh e hereter deudit senhor en Senebrun qui fo” concerning “lo maridatge eu don degut ala deita dona Nagnes”, with the consent of “deus nobles senhors Nartaut senhor de Mirambeu e den Guitqard de Borc senhor de Vertujh, cavoirs[301]This document suggests that Ayquelm-Guilhem [V] may still have been a minor at that date, under the guardianship of the two persons who gave their consent to the settlement, the former being a member of the Mirambeau family and the latter Ayquelm-Guilhem’s future father-in-law.  His wife’s testament dated 14 Nov 1287 suggests that Ayquelm-Guillem was deceased at the time.  m (after 30 Sep 1282) as her first husband, ROSE de Bourg Dame de Verteuil et de Veyres, daughter of GERARD [Guitard] de Bourg Seigneur de Vertheuil et de Vayres & his wife Thomasse Gombaut dame de Veyres (-after 6 Jun 1326).  She married secondly Amanieu [VIII] Seigneur d’Albret.  The marriage contract between Amanjeu d’Albret” and “Rose de Vayres fille de Guiraud de Borc Sgr de Berteuil, vve de Nacquem W. Sgr de Lesparre” is dated 15 Jan 1287 (O.S.)[302].  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the testament of "messire Gérard de Bourg", which is dated 1282 and appoints "Rousse sa fille" as her heir, the record of the document adding that "despuis, feust maryée au seigneur d’Albret"[303]Rose’s testament dated 14 Nov 1287 appointed “son fils unique Ayquelm-Guilhem” as her heir[304]Rose’s testament dated 16 Feb 1297 (O.S.) named her son by her first marriage and “Amanieu, Bernadetz, Arnaud-Amanieu et Jeanne d’Albret” children by her second marriage[305]The testament of "dame Rouze de Bourg dame d’Albret" is dated 6 Jun 1326 and appoints "Bernardetz son premier fils seigneur d’Albret" as her heir, and bequeathes "la seigneurie de Cubsac" to "Eyquem Guilhaume seigneur de Lesparre, fils de son premier mary", "la seigneurie de Verteuil" to "messire Guitard d’Albret son fils d’autre marriage" and "les seigneuries de Vayres et de Marcaulx" to "messire Berard d’Albret aussy son fils"[306].  Ayquelm-Guillaume [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         AYQUELM-GUILHEM [V] de Lesparre ([1284/87]-1324).  Rose’s testament dated 14 Nov 1287 appointed “son fils unique Ayquelm-Guilhem” as her heir[307]Seigneur de Lesparre.  Ayquem Willam syre de Lespara” requested compensation from the king of England for war damages by charter dated 1 Apr, before 1305)[308]The testament of "dame Rouze de Bourg dame d’Albret", dated 6 Jun 1326, bequeathes "la seigneurie de Cubsac" to "Eyquem Guilhaume seigneur de Lesparre, fils de son premier mary"[309].  Seigneur de Cussac.  m MARGUERITE de Castillon, daughter of PONS Vicomte de Castillon & his wife ---.  Rabanis states that Ayquelm-Guilhem married “Marguerite fille de Pons vicomte de Castillon” in 1303[310].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Ayquelm-Guilhem [V] & his wife had three children: 

i)          SENEBRUN [VI] de Lesparre (-[1362])Seigneur de Lesparrem ([1331]) JEANNE de Périgord, daughter of [HELIE [IX] TALLEYRAND Comte de Périgord & his second wife Brunissende de Foix].  Rabanis records an undated agreement under which “[le] seigneur de Calons” swore homage to [her son] Florimont Seigneur de Lesparre which names “Dona Na Johanna de Peyreguort sa mayre qui fò[311]Rabanis notes that a charter in the early 17th century compilation Inventaire des titres de Lesparre records in 1331 the marriage of Sénebrun [VI] de Lesparre and “Jeanne sœur d’Archambaud de Greyli, comte de Périgord”, noting the Grailly/Périgord contradiction in this phrase and highlighting that such errors are typical of the manuscript[312].  As can be seen in the document ANGOULÊME, Archambaud [IV] was comte de Périgord in 1331, while the seigneur de Grailly was Pierre [II] who had married the sister of Comte Archambaud [IV].  Assuming that Sénebrun’s wife was a member of the Périgord comital family, it would be chronologically consistent if she had been one of the younger children of Hélie [IX] Comte de Périgord and sister of Comte Archambaud [IV].  Sénebrun [VI] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       AYQUELM-GUILHEM de Lesparre (-after 30 Jul 1357).  King Edward III addressed his sénéchal in Gascony to hear the claim made by Ivonis de Kerembars, armigeri de Britannia” who had captured “Aquem Guillem filium domini de la Sparre” at the battle of Poitiers, dated 30 Jul 1357[313].  Rabanis comments that it is unknown whether Ayquelm-Guilhem was his father’s older or younger son, although his being named after his paternal grandfather appears consistent with his being the oldest son[314].  Rabanis also speculates that this person may have been the same as “le bourc [bâtard] de Lesparre dont Froissart parle en plus d’un endroit”, although his family name suggests that he was the legitimate heir. 

(b)       FLORIMONT de Lesparre (-after 8 Apr 1394)Seigneur de LesparreGuillaume de Machaut names “chevalier…Florimont de L’Esparre…sires” among those who took part in an expedition organised by Pierre King of Cyprus in 1365/66[315].  A charter dated 12 Jul 1383 records the contributions owed by Gascon nobles to the war effort, subscribed by “...Florimundus dominus de l’Esparre...”, as well as his contribution[316].  A charter dated 8 Apr 1394 records a safe conduct pass for “Florimundus dominus de le Sparre[317]m (before [1362]) MARGUERITE d’Astarac, daughter of CENTULE [IV] Comte d’Astarac & his wife Mathe de Fézensaguet.  Rabanis states that Florimont was already married to “Marguerite d’Astarac” when he succeeded his father[318].  Pope Urban V addressed letters of absolution to “nobili mulieri Margarete uxori…nobilis viri Florimundi domini de Sparra, Burdigalensis diœcesis” dated 14 Mar 1365[319]

(c)       --- de LesparreRabanis records that, after the death of Florimont Seigneur de Lesparre, the seigneurie was inherited by “[le] fils de sa sœur Amanieu de Madailhan” and afterwards by “un de ses cousins, de la famille des Lesparre de la Barde, qui la vendit au roi d’Angleterre[320]m --- Seigneur de Madailhan, son of ---.  [Two] children: 

(1)       [CATHERINE de Madaillon de Lesparre .  Dame de Pujols et de Rauzan.  The Documens Historiques du Rouergue records her family origin and marriage without citing any source on which the information is based[321].  The primary source which confirms this information has not been identified.  If it is correct, the chronology suggests that Catherine may have been the niece of Florimont Seigneur de Lesparre, daughter of his unnamed sister.  The likely marriage date of Catherine’s son suggests that she was considerably older than her supposed brother Guilhem-Amanieu, unless as suggested below the latter’s marriage to Jeanne d’Armagnac was his second marriage.  m HUGUES de Blanquefort, son of ---.] 

(2)       GUILHEM-AMANIEU de Madailhan (-before 11 Apr 1415).  The testament of Florimont Seigneur de Lesparre appointed “Guilhem-Amanieu sire de Madailhan, Rauzan et Pujols, fils de sa sœur et ses enfants mâles” as his heir, who “devait porter le nom et les armes de Lesparre[322].  Seigneur de Madaillon.  Seigneur de Lesparrem (contract 19 Feb 1409) JEANNE d’Armagnac, daughter of JEAN [III] Comte d’Armagnac & his wife Marguerite de Comminges (-after 11 Apr 1415).  Père Anselme notes her marriage contract dated 19 Feb 1408 (O.S.?)[323].  This date seems late for a first marriage of Guilhem-Amanieu de Madailhan, considering the marriage date of his maternal uncle Florimont Seigneur de Lesparre, which could suggest an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage.  Jeanne d’Armagnac dame de Lesparre et Rauzan” complained to the government of Bordeaux of raids on Lesparre by letter dated 27 Dec 1414[324]A letter from Henry V King of England dated 11 Apr 1415 records that “dame Jeanne d’Armagnac, qui fut femme audit sire de Lesparre...Guilhem-Amanieu” proposed the marriage of her daughter “au fils du...sire d’Albret[325].  Guilhem-Amanieu & his wife had one child: 

a.         daughter .  A letter from Henry V King of England dated 11 Apr 1415 records that “dame Jeanne d’Armagnac, qui fut femme audit sire de Lesparre...Guilhem-Amanieu” proposed the marriage of her daughter “au fils du...sire d’Albret[326].  King Henry V addressed the mayor of Bordeaux concering the dispute between le sire de La Barde” and “la fille de Guilhem-Amanieu naguère sire de Lesparre” concerning the right to Lesparre and ordered the seizure of the town, castle and baronny, by letter dated 31 May 1415[327]

ii)         JEAN de LesparreA charter dated to [1325] set out arguments in favour of the claim of “Johanne secundo fratre Senebruni domini de Sparra qui nunc est” against “Bernardum de Sparra filium Bernardi de Sparra defuncti” regarding properties reserved to the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre[328]

iii)        ROSE de Lesparre .  The testament of Florimont Seigneur de Lesparre appointed “le seigneur de Preyssac, soudan de la Trau, fils de Rose sœur de son père Cénebrun et sa lignée masculine” as first substitute heir[329]m --- Seigneur de Preyssac, son of ---.  One child: 

(a)       --- de Preyssac .  The testament of Florimont Seigneur de Lesparre appointed “le seigneur de Preyssac, soudan de la Trau, fils de Rose sœur de son père Cénebrun et sa lignée masculine” as first substitute heir[330]Seigneur de Preyssac. 

Sénebrun [IV] & his second wife had two children: 

2.         SENEBRUN [V] de Lesparre (-after 30 Sep 1282).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Apr 1280 under which [his father] “Lo noble baro en Senebru senhor de Lesparra” acknowledged that “Montinhac...Trossas...Galhan...La Fontana...Batbertram...Campgran” formed part of the traditional inheritance of the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre and granted them to “Senebrun son segont filh e premier filh de lui e de la dona Nagne sa molher filha qui fo deu senhor en P. de Gavarret”, and if he died to “Bernot son autre filh, fraire german deudeyt Senebrun...frayres menors de Lesparra[331]A charter dated 30 Sep 1282 records the settlement of a dispute between “la dona Nagnes molher qui fo deu noble baron en Senebrun senhor de Lesparra qui fo, tant per sin que per Senebrun e per Bernart sos filhs” and “lo noble baron Nayquem Wilhem filh e hereter deudit senhor en Senebrun qui fo” concerning “lo maridatge eu don degut ala deita dona Nagnes[332]

3.         BERNAT [I] de Lesparre (-[1324?]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Apr 1280 under which [his father] “Lo noble baro en Senebru senhor de Lesparra” acknowledged that “Montinhac...Trossas...Galhan...La Fontana...Batbertram...Campgran” formed part of the traditional inheritance of the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre and granted them to “Senebrun son segont filh e premier filh de lui e de la dona Nagne sa molher filha qui fo deu senhor en P. de Gavarret”, and if he died to “Bernot son autre filh, fraire german deudeyt Senebrun...frayres menors de Lesparra[333]A charter dated 30 Sep 1282 records the settlement of a dispute between “la dona Nagnes molher qui fo deu noble baron en Senebrun senhor de Lesparra qui fo, tant per sin que per Senebrun e per Bernart sos filhs” and “lo noble baron Nayquem Wilhem filh e hereter deudit senhor en Senebrun qui fo” concerning “lo maridatge eu don degut ala deita dona Nagnes[334].  The estimated date of the [1325] charter quoted below suggests that the issue of inheritance of properties due to the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre had arisen because of the death of Bernat [I].  m ---.  The name of Bernat’s wife is not known.  Bernat [I] & his wife had [five or more] children: 

a)         BERNAT [II] de LesparreA charter dated to [1325] set out arguments in favour of the claim of “Johanne secundo fratre Senebruni domini de Sparra qui nunc est” against “Bernardum de Sparra filium Bernardi de Sparra defuncti” regarding properties reserved to the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre[335]

b)         sons .  Their existence is confirmed by another charter dated to [1325], relating to the claim by “Johanne secundo fratre Senebruni domini de Sparra qui nunc est” against “Bernardum de Sparra filium Bernardi de Sparra defuncti” regarding properties reserved to the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre, which names “Bernardum de Sparra filium et heredum Bernardi de Sparra defuncti...[et] aliis fratribus et sororibus suis[336]

c)         daughters .  Their existence is confirmed by another charter dated to [1325], relating to the claim by “Johanne secundo fratre Senebruni domini de Sparra qui nunc est” against “Bernardum de Sparra filium Bernardi de Sparra defuncti” regarding properties reserved to the second son of the seigneur de Lesparre, which names “Bernardum de Sparra filium et heredum Bernardi de Sparra defuncti...[et] aliis fratribus et sororibus suis[337]

 

 

As noted above, the succession to Lesparre after the death of Florimont, was established by his testament which named five successive successors: (1) “Guilhem-Amanieu sire de Madailhan, Rauzan et Pujols, fils de sa sœur et ses enfants mâles” as his heir, who as noted above died without male heirs, (2) “le seigneur de Preyssac, soudan de la Trau, fils de Rose sœur de son père Cénebrun et sa lignée masculine”, (3) “le seigneur de Curton et ses descendants mâles”, (4) “Bernard de Lesparre, sire de La Barde, et ses enfants mâles”, and (5) “son plus prochain lignager, à défaut des précédents[338].  Clary & Bodin records that, after the death of (1), the succession was disputed between (4) and (2) “la maison de Preyssac de La Trau représentée par deux filles” of which “Isabeau” had married “Bernard de Montferrant” and the other “Jeanne” had sold her rights to “Gaston de Foix, tige de la maison de Candale”, noting that (3) “la maison de Curton...venait elle aussi de tomber en quenouille”, both claims being challenged by Jeanne d’Armagnac widow of Guilhem-Amanieu de Madaillon on behalf of her daughter[339].  Clary & Bodin discuss the intervention in the dispute of Henry V King of England who annexed Lesparre to the duchy of Guyenne after Jeanne d’Armagnac and Bernard de La Barde ceded their rights to the king who received homage as seigneur de Lesparre in 1417[340].  “Bertrand de Montferrant”, husband of Isabelle de La Trau, also renounced his claim to Lesparre but his son Pierre revived the claim and adopted the title seigneur de Lesparre in 1444[341]

 

1.         BERTRAND de Montferrand .  As noted above, Clary & Bodin names the husband of Isabelle de La Trau as Bernard and Bertrand in different passages.  m firstly MARGUERITE d’Astarac, daughter of JEAN [I] Comte d’Astarac & his second wife Maubrosse de la Barthe.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m secondly ISABELLE de Preyssac de La Trau, daughter of --- de Preyssac de La Trau Seigneur de Preyssac & his wife ---.  The primary source which records Isabelle’s precise parentage has not been identified.  The chronology suggests that she was the granddaughter of Rose de Lesparre who is named above.  Bertrand & his second wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Montferrand (-beheaded Poitiers 1454).  Seigneur de Lesparre.  Clary & Bodin note that, although Pierre de Montferrant adopted the title seigneur de Lesparre in 1444, he did not possess the seigneurie which was granted to him 24 Jul 1453 after he successfully captured Lesparre castle from the French[342].  The forces of Charles VII King of France recaptured the town of Lesparre 9 Oct 1453, Pierre de Montferrant being captured, imprisoned at Poitiers, tried and beheaded there[343]m MARY, illegitimate daughter of JOHN of Lancaster Duke of Bedford & his mistress --- (-after 12 Aug 1457).  King Henry VI mandated the payment of a pension to “Marye daughter of oure...uncle late duc de Bedford” after she showed “losses...sith the dethe of Perys Mountferraunt lorde de la Sparre late her husbande, which was slayne in oure werres in oure duchie of Guyenn”, dated 12 Aug 1457[344]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    VICOMTES de GABARRET

 

 

The vicomté of Gabarret was formed in the early 11th century and included "les pays de Garbardan et de Parlebosc" in north-central Gascony[345]The family of the vicomtes de Gabarret briefly inherited the vicomté of Béarn in the mid-12th century. 

 

 

DONAT Aner, son of [ANER [Aznar] Sancho & his wife ---] (-after Nov 982)"…Donati Asnario…" subscribed a charter dated Nov 982, under which property was donated to Réole, "regnante Guillelmo Sancio comite, captinentia Arnaldo vicecomiti"[346].  According to Jaurgain, he was the son of Aner [Aznar] Sancho[347].  However, this hypothesis appears to be based only on linking the patronymic, on the assumption that Aner [Aznar] Sancho was the only contemporary of that name in Gascony, without appears to be a bold assumption to make without further evidence. 

m ---.  The name of Donat’s wife is not known. 

Donat Aner & his wife had [one] child: 

1.         [ARNAUD Donat (-after [1030]).  There appears to be no direct proof that Arnaud Donat Vicomte de Gabarret was the son of Donat Aner, particularly as the latter is not linked to Gabarret in the only document in which he is named.  "…Arnaldus Donati vicecomes Gavarreti…" granted privileges to the abbey of Saint-Lupère d’Eauze by charter dated by Jaurgain to [1030][348]Vicomte de Gabarret.]  m ---.  The name of Arnaud’s wife is not known.  Arnaud Donat & his wife had [three] children:    

a)         ROGER (-[1045] or after)Vicomte de Gabarret.  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis names "vicecomitem Rugerium de Gavaret" as donor of property to Condom, dated to the early 11th century from the context[349].  ["Rotgarius et uxor mea Adalaice" donated "alodum hereditatis nostræ…Sanctum Vincentium" to Saint-Pierre La Réole by undated charter, dated in the compilation to [990][350].  It is not known whether this charter refers to Roger Vicomte de Gabarret, but this appears unlikely if the estimated dating is correct.  Jaurgain dates the document to [1035], but does explain his reasoning[351].]  "Vicecomitum Rugerium de Gavaret" was guarantor for Guillaume [II] Astanove Comte de Fezensac when abandoning the honour of Cahuzac to the abbot of Condom, dated to [1045][352]m firstly --- (-before [1038]).  The name of Roger’s first wife is not known.  This first marriage is strongly suggested by the absence of the brothers Pierre Roger and Arnaud Roger from the charters in which Vicomte Roger’s wife is Adelais and her sons are named.  m secondly ([1038]) ADELAIS, separated wife of GASTON [III] Vicomte de Béarn, daughter of --- (-after 1064).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter of her son "Unaldus Bruliensium vicecomes" dated 1062, donating property to Cluny, with the advice of "genetricis meæ domne Adaleidis et fratris mei Hugonis vicecomitis", for the souls of "genitoris mei Rotgerii et avunculi mei Saxetonis, Aginnensis ecclesiæ quondam decani"[353].  Her first marriage is suggested by the charter dated 3 Mar 1055 under which "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont[354].  Assuming that nepos should be interpreted in its strict sense, Centule's mother would have been the sister of Bernard Comte d'Armagnac.  However, the unresolved question is whether Adelais was Bernard's full sister, in which case she was Adelais d'Armagnac, daughter of Géraud [I] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife ---, or his uterine half-sister.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[355], she was Adelais de Lomagne, daughter of Arnaud [II] Vicomte de Lomagne & his wife.  Presumably this is extrapolated from the charter dated to [1062] under which "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont[356].  There appears to be no way of deciding which interpretation is correct.  The primary source which confirms that Adelais, wife of Vicomte Gaston, was the same person as Adelais, wife of Vicomte Roger, has not yet been identified.  Roger & his first wife had two children: 

i)          PIERRE Roger de Gabarret (-17 Apr 1097)His parentage is indicated by the charter dated 3 Mar 1055 under which "…Petrus Rogerius vice comes Gavaredi…" supported the foundation of the monastery of Saint-Mont by "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …"[357]Vicomte de Gabarret

-         see below

ii)         ARNAUD Roger de Gabarret (-after [1100]).  "Petrus Gavardensis vicecomes" founded the priory of Gabarret, and donated it to the abbey of la Grande-Sauve, by charter dated to [1080], subscribed by "Arnaldi Rogerii fratris vicecomitis ipsius…Petri de Gavaretto cusini vicecomitis…"[358].  "Arnalt Rogerii fratris vicecomitis, Agnetem uxoris eius, Petri filii eius" signed the charter dated after the death of "Petrus vicecomes de Gavarreto" in 1097, under which "uxor eius" donated the church of Sainte-Marie de Dému to the archbishop of Auch[359].  "Agnes vicecomitissa, Petri Gavarreti mater" donated property to Grande-Selve, confirmed by "Petrus vicecomes Gavarreti filius eius et uxor ipsius et Rogerius et Arnaldus fratr. ipsius Petri et Arnaldus Rogerius avuncul. ipsius vicecom.", when leaving on pilgrimage for Jerusalem, by undated charter[360]

Roger & his second wife had [three] children: 

iii)        HUGUES (-after 16 Nov 1064).  "Hugo vicecomes Pruliensis et mater mea domna Adalaidis et meus consanguineus Petrus" donated four churches "in pago Pruliensi sitas…villa…Alairicus super ripam fluminis…Lertius…et…in villa…Casales, et tercia…in villa…Pressiacus, et quarta in villa…Veziacus" to Cluny by charter dated 16 Nov 1064[361].  His precise parentage is confirmed by the charter of his brother "Unaldus Bruliensium vicecomes" dated 1062, donating property with the advice of "genetricis meæ domne Adaleidis et fratris mei Hugonis vicecomitis", for the souls of "genitoris mei Rotgerii et avunculi mei Saxetonis, Aginnensis ecclesiæ quondam decani"[362].  Vicomte de Brulhois.  Hugues Vicomte de Brulhois donated property on his deathbed to Saint-Martin de Layrac, his brother Hunald and the other monks, in the presence of vicomtesse Adalais his mother[363]

iv)       HUNALD (-after Mar 1105).  "Unaldus Bruliensium vicecomes" donated property "ecclesiam…Alairicum…in pago Aginnensi" to Cluny, with the advice of "genetricis meæ domne Adaleidis et fratris mei Hugonis vicecomitis", for the souls of "genitoris mei Rotgerii et avunculi mei Saxetonis, Aginnensis ecclesiæ quondam decani", by charter dated 1062 before Sep, signed by "Adalert genitrix mea, Hugo vicecomes frater meus, Willelmus Arnaldi et filius eius Petrus, Garsia Arnal cognomento Guailard, Willelmus Siguini et frater eius, Rodlannus et filii eius, Willelmus Garsia et filii eius"[364].  Hugues Vicomte de Brulhois donated property on his deathbed to Saint-Martin de Layrac, his brother Hunald and the other monks, in the presence of vicomtesse Adalais his mother[365].  Centule [V] Vicomte de Béarn captured Hunald and cut off his arm, considering himself prejudiced by his half-brother’s donation[366].  Abbot of Moissac 1072-1085.  By charter dated Mar 1105, Hunald declared that he had acquired part of the forest of Baynes from his brother Hugues, such acquisition being later confirmed by his cousin Bernard Raymond de Durfort, and donated the property to the abbey of Layrac with the consent of "Bernard de Durfort et ses frères Saxet et Guillaume Saxet"[367].  "Garsende femme de Bernard-Gauthier de Puybarrac et sœur de Bernard, Saxet et Guillaume-Saxet de Durfort" donated "le bien de Grassel" to Saint-Martin de Layrac, and "Bernard de Durfort, neveu de Hunald" donated revenue from the parish of Baynes[368]

v)        [OLIBA (-after [1088]).  "Femina…Oliba…soror…Centulli comitis Bigorrensis…et vicecomitis Viernensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1088][369].  It is not known whether Oliba was the full sister or uterine half-sister of Centule.] 

b)         [SAXETON (-before Sep 1062).  His parentage is suggested by the charter dated 1062, before Sep, under which "Unaldus Bruliensium vicecomes" donated property to Cluny for the souls of "…avunculi mei Saxetonis, Aginnensis ecclesiæ quondam decani"[370].  However, if the word "avunculus" is interpreted in its strict meaning in this document, Saxeton would have been the donor’s maternal uncle.  However, it cannot be assumed that such a strict translation is appropriate.  Doyen of the church of Agen.] 

c)         GUILLAUME Arnaud (-after 1062)[371].  He is named as father of Pierre in the charter dated 1062 under which "Unaldus Bruliensium vicecomes" donated property to Cluny, signed by "…Willelmus Arnaldi et filius eius Petrus…"[372].  His relationship to the Gabarret family is confirmed by the charter dated 16 Nov 1064, under which "Hugo vicecomes Pruliensis et mater mea domna Adalaidis et meus consanguineus Petrus", donated property to Cluny[373].  It is assumed that Guillaume was related on the paternal side of the family because of the patronymic attributed to him in the 1062 document, and that he was the son of Arnaud Donat.  A more remote relationship is not impossible, although it appears to be excluded by the charter dated to [1080] subscribed by his son Pierre (see below).  m ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known.  Guillaume Arnaud & his wife had one child: 

i)          PIERRE de Gabarret (-after [1080]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1062 under which "Unaldus Bruliensium vicecomes" donated property to Cluny, signed by "…Willelmus Arnaldi et filius eius Petrus…"[374].  His relationship to the Gabarret family is confirmed by the charter dated 16 Nov 1064 under which "Hugo vicecomes Pruliensis et mater mea domna Adalaidis et meus consanguineus Petrus" donated four churches to Cluny[375].  His relationship on the paternal side of the family is confirmed by the charter dated to [1080] under which "Petrus Gavardensis vicecomes" founded the priory of Gabarret, subscribed by "…Petri de Gavaretto cusini vicecomitis…"[376], although the unusual word "cusini" suggests that all may not be right with this charter.  same person as…?  PIERRE (-after 8 Aug 1115).  Prior of Moirax.  A charter dated 8 Aug 1115 records that "Petrus vicecomes", following the example of "Petrus vicecomites Gavaritanus…pater", pillaged the land of "pater…consanguineus domni Petri prioris" (of Moirax) whom he captured, and that "Petrus vicecomes cum uxore mea Guiscarda" were obliged to return the lands to the monastery[377]

 

 

PIERRE Roger, son of ROGER Vicomte de Gabarret & his first wife --- (-17 Apr 1097).  His parentage is indicated by the charter dated 3 Mar 1055 under which "…Petrus Rogerius vice comes Gavaredi…" supported the foundation of the monastery of Saint-Mont by "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …"[378]Vicomte de Gabarret.  "Petrus vicecomes de Guavaretto" subscribed the charter dated 1079 under which Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine donated property to the monastery of la Grande-Sauve[379].  "Petrus Gavardensis vicecomes" founded the priory of Gabarret, and donated it to the abbey of la Grande-Sauve, by charter dated to [1080], subscribed by "Arnaldi Rogerii fratris vicecomitis ipsius…Petri de Gavaretto cusini vicecomitis…"[380].  The cartulary of Auch records the death "XIV Kal Mai" in 1097 of "Petrus vicecomes de Gavarreto"[381]

m [firstly] ---.  The name of Pierre Roger's [first] wife is not known.  The fact of this first marriage is strongly suggested by the estimated date of Pierre Roger’s marriage to Agnes. 

m [secondly] ([1080]) AGNES Dame de Dému et de Manciet, daughter of ---.  The cartulary of Auch records that, after the death of "Petrus vicecomes de Gavarreto" in 1097, "uxor eius" donated the church of Sainte-Marie de Dému to the archbishop of Auch and offered "filius Petrus…parvulum" (and "fratres sui" if the child died) as a canon of Sainte-Marie d’Auch, signed by "Arnalt Rogerii fratris vicecomitis, Agnetem uxoris eius, Petri filii eius"[382].  "Agnes vicecomitissa, Petri Gavarreti mater" donated property to Grande-Selve, confirmed by "Petrus vicecomes Gavarreti filius eius et uxor ipsius et Rogerius et Arnaldus fratr. ipsius Petri et Arnaldus Rogerius avuncul. ipsius vicecom.", when leaving on pilgrimage for Jerusalem, by undated charter[383]

Pierre Roger & his [second] wife had three children: 

1.         PIERRE de Gabarret "Soriquers" (-[1118/34]).  "…Agnetem uxoris eius, Petri filii eius" signed the charter under which "uxor eius", after the death of "Petrus vicecomes de Gavarreto" in 1097, donated the church of Sainte-Marie de Dému to the archbishop of Auch and offered "filius Petrus…parvulum" (and "fratres sui" if the child died) as a canon of Sainte-Marie d’Auch[384]Vicomte de Gabarret.  "Petrus…vicecomes de Gavarreti, qui cognominatus est Soriquers" donated property to Grande-Selve by charter dated to [1103][385].  "Agnes vicecomitissa, Petri Gavarreti mater" donated property to Grande-Selve, confirmed by "Petrus vicecomes Gavarreti filius eius et uxor ipsius et Rogerius et Arnaldus fratr. ipsius Petri et Arnaldus Rogerius avuncul. ipsius vicecom.", when leaving on pilgrimage for Jerusalem, by undated charter[386].  "Bernardus vicecomes" renounced a tax on La Réole before the court of Gascony, before "Astanova comite…de Fedenzac, ac Bernardo de Armanac, necnon Gastone vicecomite de Bearn, et Lupo Anario de Marzan, et Bibiano de Lomonie, et Petro, domino de Gavarred…", by charter dated 1103[387].  A charter dated 8 Aug 1115 records that "Petrus vicecomes", following the example of "Petrus vicecomites Gavaritanus…pater", pillaged the land of "pater…consanguineus domni Petri prioris" (of Moirax) whom he captured, and that "Petrus vicecomes cum uxore mea Guiscarda" were obliged to return the lands to the monastery[388].  Vicomte Pierre participated in the siege of Zaragoza and its capture 18 Dec 1118[389]m GUISCARDE de Béarn, daughter of GASTON [IV] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Talesa Sánchez (-after 15 Sep 1154).  A charter dated 8 Aug 1115 records that "Petrus vicecomes cum uxore mea Guiscarda" were obliged to return lands to the monastery of Morlas[390]Her parentage and marriage are suggested by the charter dated 10 Jul 1144 under which "Vicecomitissa Talesa iussu domni mei vicecomitis Gaston" donated property "nostram hereditatem quam habeo in Çaragoça…" to the Order of the Temple, with the consent of "domini Petri vicecomitis et nepotis mei"[391].  "Guiscarda vicecomitissa Bearnensis et Gavarrensis et…Petrus filius eius" donated property to Sainte-Foi de Morlaás by undated charter (dated to [1135/47]) signed by “G. vicecomitisse, Petri vicecomitis filii eius[392].  A charter dated 15 Sep 1154 records that Arnaud Bishop of Oloron, on the advice of "domine Guiscarde vicecomitisse Bearnensis", authorised a chapel in the hospital of Morlaás at the request of “quidam nobili femina...Juliana[393]Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Gabarret (-1150).  "Vicecomitissa Talesa iussu domni mei vicecomitis Gaston" donated property "nostram hereditatem quam habeo in Çaragoça…" to the Order of the Temple, with the consent of "domini Petri vicecomitis et nepotis mei", by charter dated 10 Jul 1144[394].  He succeeded his maternal uncle in 1134 as Vicomte de Béarn.  "Guiscarda vicecomitissa Bearnensis et Gauarrensis et…Petrus filius eius" donated property to Morlas by undated charter[395]

-        VICOMTES de BÉARN

2.         ROGER de Gabarret .  "Agnes vicecomitissa, Petri Gavarreti mater" donated property to Grande-Selve, confirmed by "Petrus vicecomes Gavarreti filius eius et uxor ipsius et Rogerius et Arnaldus fratr. ipsius Petri et Arnaldus Rogerius avuncul. ipsius vicecom.", when leaving on pilgrimage for Jerusalem, by undated charter[396]

3.         ARNAUD de Gabarret .  "Agnes vicecomitissa, Petri Gavarreti mater" donated property to Grande-Selve, confirmed by "Petrus vicecomes Gavarreti filius eius et uxor ipsius et Rogerius et Arnaldus fratr. ipsius Petri et Arnaldus Rogerius avuncul. ipsius vicecom.", when leaving on pilgrimage for Jerusalem, by undated charter[397]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    VICOMTES de LOMAGNE

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de LOMAGNE

 

 

The pagus of Lomagne was located mainly in Gascony, to the north-west of Toulouse between Lectoure and Montauban.  Its main towns were Lectoure, Beaumont and Lavit.  The town of Auvillars was located in its northernmost part.  Jaurgain records that the vicomté of Lomagne included Lectoure and around one hundred parishes.  The vicomtes de Lomagne were vassals of the counts of Gascony but also held the vicomté of Auvillars, which was under the suzerainty of the county of Agen and was incorporated into the county of Toulouse in 1196[398].  The family of the first dynasty of vicomtes de Lomagne died out in the male line in 1280, when the vicomté passed by marriage to Hélie [IX] Talairand Comte de Périgord.  In Nov 1301, Comte Hélie [IX] Talairand ceded the vicomtés of Lomagne and Auvillars to Philippe IV King of France, who granted them to his second son, the future Philippe V King of France.  The latter renounced the grant 10 Dec 1305, and King Philippe IV granted them to Arnaud Garsie de Goth 14 Dec 1305[399].  He and his family are shown in Part B. of this document.  The two vicomtés passed by marriage to the comtes d’Armagnac in [1324]. 

 

 

1.         DATON .  His existence is confirmed only by the patronymic attributed to his son.  m ---.  The name of Daton’s wife is not known.  Daton & his wife had one child: 

a)         ODON Daton (-after 993).  Vicomte.  Guillaume Sancho Duke of Gascony donated the church of Saint-Gény at Lectoure to Saint-Sever, with the consent of "Otdati vicecomitis atque Arnaldi abbatis præfati loci", by charter dated 993, the donation being recalled in another charter dated 1009[400].  Jaurgain suggests that Oton Daton was the father of Vicomte Arnaud [I] (see below).  He also suggests that Oton Daton was the brother of the two brothers Guillaume and Garcia, shown in Chapter 1.B as nephews of Guillaume Sancho Comte de Gascogne.  Given the birth date range estimated for Arnaud, this is unlikely to be correct.

 

 

1.         ARNAUD [I] ([950/70]-after 29 Jul 1011)VicomteThe Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", donated property to the convent of Condom with the consent of "…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias…"[401]The wording of this charter suggests that the individuals who consented to this donation were the close relations and heirs of the donor.  Vicomte Arnaud is named first in the list, after Duke Sancho Guillaume, and therefore should probably be considered the senior heir.  The document provides no indication about Arnaud’s parentage.  Jaurgain states that he was descended from "Donat Sanche troisième fils de Sanche IV Garcia, duc et comte de Gascogne, né de sa seconde femme", but he provides no primary source which confirms the existence of this individual[402].  Under his reconstruction, Vicomte Arnaud was the grandson of this person.  However, the birth date range estimated for Arnaud, consistent with his son and his son’s wife also being named in the 1011 charter, is more consistent with his being the first cousin of the donor.  [The dating clause of a charter dated Nov 982, under which property was donated to Réole, refers to "regnante Guillelmo Sancio comite, captinentia Arnaldo vicecomiti"[403].  It is not known whether this charter refers to Vicomte Arnaud who was ancestor of the vicomtes de Lomagne, but if it does he would have obviously been born in the earlier part of the date range estimated above.]  VicomteThe Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis" donated property to the convent of Condom, with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias…"[404]m ---.  The name of Arnaud's wife is not known.  Arnaud [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ARNAUD [II] (-[1059] or after)The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis" donated property to the convent of Condom, with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias…"[405]Vicomte de Lomagne et d'Auvillars. 

-        see below

b)         [RAYMOND Arnaud (-[1045/53]).  Vicomte.  He is named in the charter of (his supposed brother) Arnaud Vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars who confirmed the donation by "Raymond-Arnaud vicomte de Gascogne" of all his rights "sur le Condomois" as "heres consanguineus Hugonis quondam domini de Condomiense" and all the honours to which he could claim "en qualité de vicomte de Gascogne et de Lomagne", by charter dated "du mercredi veille de la saint Martin sous le règne de Henri I roi de France" (which Jaurgain calculates must date either to 1053 or 1059)[406].  It is assumed that he was younger than his supposed brother Arnaud, as the latter is named in the charter dated 29 Jul 1011 quoted above.  "Vicecomes Raynaldus Arnaldus" donated property "in finibus Lactoratensis…Cumbe" to Condom, which Jaurgain dates to [1045][407].] 

c)         [GARCIA Arnaud (-after 12 Jan 1062).  Seigneur de Galard.  Jaurgain deduces that Garcia was the son of Arnaud [I] because Galard was part of the patrimony of "Hugonis, quondam Aginnensis episcopi" who donated property "in pago Leumaniæ…ecclesiam de Golard, cum appenditiis suis"[408].  "Hunaldus in monasterio Moysiaco" donated property for the souls of "patris mei Rogerii et matris mei Aladein et fratris mei Hugonis et avunculi mei Saxetonis" by charter dated 12 Jan 1062, signed by "Aladain mater mea, Hugo vicecomes frater meus, Garsia Arnal cognomento Gualiar"[409].]  m ---.  The name of Garcia’s wife is not known.  Garcia & his wife had four children: 

i)          AIMERY (-[1065/75]).  Seigneur de Galard.  "Aymericus de Gualard et Geraldus eius frater" acted as guarantors for "Pontius et frater eius Bertrandus de Olbion" in a donation made to Condom by charter dated to [1065], witnessed by "…Petrus de Gualard, Guillelmus de Gualard…"[410]m ---.  The name of Aimery’s wife is not known.  Aimery & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ARGAIAS (-after [1080]).  Seigneur de Galard.  "Petrus Gualardi ille Vetulus et Argaias eius nepos" acted as guarantors for "miles…Gerardus de Bonofonte…filius Atarnalt, germanus frater Garnerii" in a donation made to Condom by charter dated to [1075][411]

ii)         GERAUD (-after 1065).  Seigneur de Galard.  "Aymericus de Gualard et Geraldus eius frater" acted as guarantors for "Pontius et frater eius Bertrandus de Olbion" in a donation made to Condom by charter dated to [1065][412]

iii)        PIERRE (-[1075/80]).  "Aymericus de Gualard et Geraldus eius frater" acted as guarantors for "Pontius et frater eius Bertrandus de Olbion" in a donation made to Condom by charter dated to [1065], witnessed by "…Petrus de Gualard, Guillelmus de Gualard…"[413].  "Petrus Gualardi ille Vetulus et Argaias eius nepos" acted as guarantors for "miles…Gerardus de Bonofonte…filius Atarnalt, germanus frater Garnerii" in a donation made to Condom by charter dated to [1075][414]

iv)       GUILLAUME (-after 1065).  "Aymericus de Gualard et Geraldus eius frater" acted as guarantors for "Pontius et frater eius Bertrandus de Olbion" in a donation made to Condom by charter dated to [1065], witnessed by "…Petrus de Gualard, Guillelmus de Gualard…"[415]

 

 

ARNAUD [II], son of ARNAUD [I] Vicomte [de Lomagne] & his wife --- (-[1059] or after)The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis" donated property to the convent of Condom, with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias…"[416]Vicomte de Lomagne et d'Auvillars.  Arnaud Vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars restored the château de Nérac to the convent of Condom and confirmed the donation by "Raymond-Arnaud vicomte de Gascogne" of all his rights "sur le Condomois" as "heres consanguineus Hugonis quondam domini de Condomiense" and all the honours to which he could claim "en qualité de vicomte de Gascogne et de Lomagne", by charter dated "du mercredi veille de la saint Martin sous le règne de Henri I roi de France" (which Jaurgain calculates must date either to 1053 or 1059)[417]

m (before 29 Jul 1011) as her second husband, ADELAIS, widow of GERAUD [I] Comte d'Armagnac, daughter of ---.  The Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis quotes a charter dated 29 Jul 1011 under which "Ugo…Præsul, secundum lineam carnis eidem Duci propinquis et affinis", with the consent of "eodem Duce [provinciam Vasconiam Sanctione…ducatum]…et Arnaldo Vicecomite et cum coniuge sua eorumque filio Arnaldo, eiusque coniuge Adalias…", donated property to the convent of Condom[418]According to Europäische Stammtafeln[419], she was Adelais de Poitou, daughter of Guillaume V Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume III Comte de Poitou], but this appears impossible chronologically.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter of her son who declares himself "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" in his donation of property to the monastery of Saint-Mont dated to [1062][420]

Arnaud [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         ODON [II] (-1084 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Lomagne.  "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont supported by "omnibus meis filiis…Oddo, W. et G. Trencaleone, et Beziano et W. Arnaldo" by charter dated to [1062][421].  “Otto vicecomes Leomaniæ et uxor mea Adalaisis comitissa” donated property to the monastery of Saint-Victor Marseille by charter dated 27 May 1082[422].  "Odone vicecomite et nepote Viviano" donated "locum de S. Genio" to Cluny by charter dated 1084[423]m ADELAIS, daughter of ---.  “Otto vicecomes Leomaniæ et uxor mea Adalaisis comitissa” donated property to the monastery of Saint-Victor Marseille by charter dated 27 May 1082[424].  Odon [II] & his wife had six children: 

a)         ODON [III] .  "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont supported by "omnibus meis filiis…Oddo, W. et G. Trencaleone, et Beziano et W. Arnaldo" by charter dated to [1062][425]Vicomte de Lomagnem ---.  The name of Odon's wife is not known.  Odon [III] & his wife had one child:

i)          VEZIAN [I] (-1103 or after).  His parentage is suggested by the charter dated 1084 under which "Odone vicecomite et nepote Viviano" donated "locum de S. Genio" to Cluny[426]Vicomte de Lomagne

-         see below

b)         GERAUD "Trencaléon" .  "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont supported by "omnibus meis filiis…Oddo, W. et G. Trencaleone, et Beziano et W. Arnaldo" by charter dated to [1062][427]

c)         VEZIAN .  "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont supported by "omnibus meis filiis…Oddo, W. et G. Trencaleone, et Beziano et W. Arnaldo" by charter dated to [1062][428]

d)         GUILLAUME ARNAUD .  "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont supported by "omnibus meis filiis…Oddo, W. et G. Trencaleone, et Beziano et W. Arnaldo" by charter dated to [1062][429]

e)         ASCELINE .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1 Oct 1068 under which "Bernardus filius Willelmi et Brachite uxoris eius" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont on the advice of "uxoris mee Asceline et patris eius Oddonis vicecomitis Lomanie…"[430]m ([1065]) BERNARD Seigneur de Faurcès, son of GUILLAUME Seigneur de Faurcès & his wife Brachite --- . 

f)          AZIVELLE (-after [1086]).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 9 Sep 1068 under which "filia Oddonis vicecomitis Lomanie uxor Geraldi Obeissani" confirmed a donation of property to the monastery of Saint-Mont[431].  Her name and second marriage are confirmed by another charter in the same cartulary in which "Azivella filia Oddonis vicecomitis de Lomania" names "Bernardo Tumapalerio socero meo", which is confirmed by "Bernardus filius supradictæ dominæ"[432].  Her second marriage is further confirmed by, and her two sons by her first marriage and her son by her second named in, the charter dated to [1085] which refers to a donation to the monastery of Saint-Mont by "nobilissima quiedam femina Azivera vicecomitis Lomanie Oddonis filia, mater que Bernardi filii Geraldi Armaniaci comitis", on the advice of "eiusdem Bernardi filii sui et Geraldi secundi coniugis et aliorum duorum filiorum Hugonis et Oddonis"[433].  "Domina Azivella matre dompni Bernardi Armaniacensis comitis" made an agreement with the monks of Saint-Mont by charter dated to [1085][434].  It is curious that this charter names Azivelle's son, and not her husband, and that he is accorded the title count although it appears from other sources that his father was still alive at that date.  m firstly ([1065]) GERAUD [I] Seigneur d'Arbeissan, son of ---.  m secondly ([1070]) as his first wife, GERAUD [II] Comte d'Armagnac, son of BERNARD [II] "Tumpaler" Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Ermengardis --- (-end 1095). 

2.         [ADELAIS .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[435], the wife of Gaston [III] Vicomte de Béarn was the daughter of Arnaud [II] Vicomte de Lomagne.  Presumably this is extrapolated from the charter dated to [1062] under which "Oddo de Lomania frater Bernardi comitis Armaniacensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Mont[436].  Under a charter dated 3 Mar 1055, "Bernardus comes…cognomento Tumapalerius" and "nepote meo Centullo …" founded the monastery of Saint-Mont[437].  Assuming that nepos should be interpreted in its strict sense, Centule's mother was the sister of Bernard Comte d'Armagnac.  However, the unresolved question is whether Adelais was Bernard's full sister, in which case she was Adelais d'Armagnac, daughter of Géraud [I] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife ---, or his uterine half-sister.  m firstly (1030, maybe separated 1038) GASTON [III] Vicomte de Béarn, son of CENTULE [III] Vicomte de Béarn & his wife --- (- 1054).  m secondly ([1038]) as his second wife, ROGER Vicomte de Gabarret, son of ARNAUD Donat & his wife ---.  [1045].] 

 

 

VEZIAN [I] de Lomagne, son of ODON [III] Vicomte de Lomagne & his wife --- (-1103 or after).  His parentage is suggested by the charter dated 1084 under which "Odone vicecomite et nepote Viviano" donated "locum de S. Genio" to Cluny[438]Vicomte de Lomagne.  "Vivianum vicecomitem Lomaniæ" donated "terræ de Gandavila" to Uzerche, with the consent of "Beatrix…uxor Viviani vicecomitis", by charter dated 1091[439].  "Bernardus vicecomes" renounced a tax on La Réole before the court of Gascony, before "Astanova comite…de Fedenzac, ac Bernardo de Armanac, necnon Gastone vicecomite de Bearn, et Lupo Anario de Marzan, et Bibiano de Lomonie, et Petro, domino de Gavarred…", by charter dated 1103[440]

m BEATRIX, daughter of ---.  "Vivianum vicecomitem Lomaniæ" donated "terræ de Gandavila" to Uzerche, with the consent of "Beatrix…uxor Viviani vicecomitis", by charter dated 1091[441]

Vezian [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         ODON [IV] (-1178 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Lomagne.  "Odon IV vicomte de Lomagne…avec son frère Arnaud" granted rights to the town of Lupiac, and confirmed rights granted by "Odon leur aïeul", by charter dated 28 Oct 1160[442].  "Odone vicecomite Lomanie" witnessed a charter for Gimont dated 1162[443].  A charter for the abbey of Gimont dated 1178 names "Odonis vicecomitis Lomanie et filii eius Viziani"[444]m ---.  The name of Odon's wife is not known.  Odon [IV] & his wife had two children: 

a)         VEZIAN [II] (-after Sep 1221).  A charter for the abbey of Gimont dated 1178 names "Odonis vicecomitis Lomanie et filii eius Viziani"[445]Vicomte de Lomagne

-        see below

b)         ODON [I] (-after 1182).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur de Firmaçon.  "Otho de Lomania et nos filii eius Bernardus de Armaiaco et Otho de Lomannia" granted right of passage over their land to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 8 Jun 1182[446]m ([1150]) MASCAROSE d'Armagnac, daughter of GERAUD [III] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Azelma de Fezensac.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1188 under which her son "Bernardus d’Armaniac vicecomes de Fezensagued" donated property to Gimont for the soul of "matris suæ cha Mascarosa"[447]The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Othon [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          BERNARD [I] (-[1188/Mar 1193]).  "Otho de Lomania et nos filii eius Bernardus de Armaiaco et Otho de Lomannia" granted right of passage over their land to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 8 Jun 1182[448].  He was adopted by his maternal uncle Bernard [IV] Comte d'Armagnac[449]

-         COMTES d'ARMAGNAC

ii)         ODON [II] (-1204 or after).  "Otho de Lomania et nos filii eius Bernardus de Armaiaco et Otho de Lomannia" granted right of passage over their land to the abbey of Grandselve by charter dated 8 Jun 1182[450].  Seigneur de Firmaçon. 

-         SEIGNEURS de FIRMAÇON[451]

2.         ARNAUD [I] (-1195 or after).  "Odon IV vicomte de Lomagne…avec son frère Arnaud" granted rights to the town of Lupiac, and confirmed rights granted by "Odon leur aïeul", by charter dated 28 Oct 1160[452].  Seigneur de Batx.  m REGINE d'Albret, daughter of BERNARD AIZ [III] Seigneur d'Albret & his wife --- de Béarn.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 29 Sep 1195 which records that Amanieu [IV] d’Albret had paid the dowry of "Rogie d’Albret sa sœur, femme d’Arnaud de Lomagne et mère d’Odon seigneur de Batz"[453].   

-        SEIGNEURS de BATX[454]

 

 

VEZIAN [II] de Lomagne, son of ODON [IV] Vicomte de Lomagne & his wife --- (-after Sep 1221).  A charter for the abbey of Gimont dated 1178 names "Odonis vicecomitis Lomanie et filii eius Viziani"[455]Vicomte de LomagneA charter dated 14 Jun 1204 records the peace agreement between the consuls of Toulouse and "Vizianus Leomaniæ vicecomes et Odo eius filius et milites"[456]

m ---.  The name of Vezian's wife is not known. 

Vezian [II] & his wife had two children: 

1.         ODON [V] (-1238 or after).  A charter dated 14 Jun 1204 records the peace agreement between the consuls of Toulouse and "Vizianus Leomaniæ vicecomes et Odo eius filius et milites"[457]Vicomte de Lomagne et d'Auvillars.  m ---.  The name of Odon's wife is not known.  Jaurgain states the peace treaty dated 24 Aug 1247 with the archbishop of Auch names Guillaume-Raymond de Pins as uncle of Arnaud-Odon de Lomagne[458].  Odon [V] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARNAUD [III] Odon (-[1264/18 Apr 1267]).  Jaurgain states that Odon [V] and his son Arnaud Odon witnessed the homage sworn by Gaillard Seigneur de Baujac to the comte de Toulouse dated Sep 1238[459]Vicomte de Lomagne et d'Auvillars.  After the death of his first wife, Arnaud [III] claimed the succession of the counties of Armagnac and Fezensac in the name of his daughter and took the title "tenant lieu de comte en Fezensac et en Armagnac", which was not recognised by the community of Auch which was captured by Guillaume-Raymond de Pins, uncle of Arnaud, the disagreement being settled by a peace treaty dated 24 Aug 1247 with the archbishop of Auch[460].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse "senescallo Agenensi et Caturcensi" sent letters patent relating to the estate of "Arnaudi Othonis quondam vicecomitis Leumagnie" to "vicecomitisse, uxori quondam dicti vicecomitis", dated 18 Apr 1267[461].  Further correspondence is addressed to "nobilem dominam vicecomitissam Altivillaris" dated 4 Apr 1269 but gives no further genealogical details[462]m firstly MASCAROSE d'Armagnac, daughter of GERAUD [V] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife --- (-before 25 Mar 1246).  Europäische Stammtafeln shows Mascarose as daughter of Géraud [V] and first wife of Arnaud [III] Odon Vicomte de Lomagne[463].  The primary source on which her parentage and marriage is based has not been identified.  m secondly ESCARONNE de Lomagne, daughter of GERAUD Trenqueléon de Lomagne Seigneur de Blaziert & his wife --- (-[1246/48]).  According to Jaurgain, Vézian de Lomagne was guardian of Vézian [III] Vicomte de Lomagne, and Escaronne is recorded as his only known sister, from which he deduces this marriage[464]m thirdly (before 20 Feb 1249) as her first husband, MARIE d'Anduze, daughter of PIERRE BERMOND Seigneur d'Anduze et de Sauve & his first wife Josserande de Poitiers-Valentinois (-1290).  Her parentage is confirmed by a receipt dated 19 Feb 1249 in the Chartularium Raimondi comitis Tholosæ from Arnaud Othon Vicomte de Lomagne to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse for the dowry of the latter's [grand-]niece "nepta sua domina Maria filia…Petri Bermundi de Salves"[465].  She married secondly ([20 Jun 1269/22 Jun 1270]) as his second wife, Archambaud [II] Comte de Périgord.  The earliest date of her second marriage is set by letters dated 4 Apr 1269 and 21 Jun 1269 addressed by Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse "senescallo Agenensi et Caturcensi" to "nobilem dominam vicecomitissam Altivillaris" relating to the estate of her late first husband, as she would presumably have been addressed by the comital title if she had been married by the latter date[466].  The latest date for her marriage is set by the letter dated 21 Jun 1270 from Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse addressed to "Marie, Petragoricensi comitisse" which names "Archambaudo, Petragoricensi comiti, marito suo"[467]The testament of Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse, dated 23 Jun 1270, bequeathed property to "…Margarite custodi Philippe, domine Marie quondam vicecomitisse Altivillaris filie, uxoris domini Archambaudi comitis Petragoricensis…"[468]Her date of death is set by the marriage contract of her daughter, by her second marriage, Jeanne.  Arnaud [III] Odon & his first wife had one child: 

i)          MASCAROSE (-before 15 Sep 1254).  After the death of his first wife, Arnaud [III] claimed the succession of the counties of Armagnac and Fezensac in the name of his daughter and took the title "tenant lieu de comte en Fezensac et en Armagnac"[469]She succeeded her maternal uncle as Ctss d'Armagnac

Arnaud [III] Odon & his second wife had one child

ii)         VEZIAN [III] (-1280).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Lomagne et d'Auvillars.  m MARIE ANNE de Bordeaux, daughter of --- de Bordeaux & his wife Mathe --- (-after 6 Jan 1311).  After the death of Vicomte Vézian, his mother-in-law, Mathe de Bordeaux, wrote to Edward I King of England objecting to the inheritance of the viscountships of Lomagne and Auvillars by his sister and proposing her own son Amanieu as the preferred successor[470].  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Marie Anne demoiselle femme de Vesian de Lomagne...[471]

Arnaud [III] Odon & his third wife had one child: 

iii)        PHILIPPA (-[1286/94], bur Périgord, Franciscan Church).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by reading together the sources quoted below.  The testament of Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse, dated 23 Jun 1270, declared "Philippam filiam domini Arnaldi Othonis quodam vicecomitis Leomannie et predicte domine Marie consanguinee nostre, quondam uxoris sue, vicecomitisse quondam Leomannie, uxoris domini Archambaudi comitis Petragoricensis" as her universal heir[472]The inheritance was confirmed by Alphonse de France Comte de Poitiers, husband of Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse, in Jun 1270[473]Vicomtesse de Lomagne et d'Auvillars.  She inherited the viscountships of Lomagne and Auvillars on the death without issue of her half-brother.  "Archambaldus comes Petragoricensis…et Helyas Tallerandi primogenitus eius ac Philippa eiusdem primogeniti uxor" sold "domus dicte Hosteriche…site Parisius ultra Magnum Pontem" inherited from "Alfonsi comitis Pictavensis quondam et Johane eius uxoris" to Pierre Comte d'Alençon in 1282[474].  "Philippa vicecomitissa Leomaniæ et Altivillari" granted the viscountship of Auvillars to her husband, by way of her dowry, by charter dated 4 Apr 1286[475]m (1280) as his first wife, HELIE [IX] TALAIRAND Comte de Périgord, son of ARCHAMBAUD [III] Comte de Périgord & his first wife --- ([1258/62]-1315). 

2.         ISPAN (-1222 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m ---.  The name of Ispan's wife is not known.  Ispan & his wife had one child: 

-        SEIGNEURS de GIMAT[476]

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de LOMAGNE (GOTH)

 

 

The possessions of Bertrand de Goth lay to the south and south-east of the county of Fezensac, from Bazas to near Bordeaux, and included the château de Blanquefort[477].  In Nov 1301, Hélie [IX] Talairand Comte de Périgord ceded the vicomtés of Lomagne and Auvillars to Philippe IV King of France, who granted them to his second son, the future Philippe V King of France.  The latter renounced the grant 10 Dec 1305, and King Philippe IV granted them to Arnaud Garsie de Goth 14 Dec 1305[478]

 

 

1.         ROSTAIN de Goth (-after 1142).  "...Rostagno de Goth..." subscribed the charter dated 1142 under which “Raymundus Pontii comitis Sancti Egidius filius...comes Tripoli” donated property to the bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay[479]

 

2.         BERNARD [I] de Gothm ---.  The name of Bernard’s wife is not known.  Bernard & his wife had one child: 

a)         SENEBRUN [I] de Goth (-after 1211).  “Senebrun de Goth” donated property to the church of Rouillac, for the soul of “Bernard son père et pour les comtes d’Astarac ses prédecesseurs”, with the consent of “Raimond son fils aîné” and in the presence of “Gaston vicomte de Béarn frère de Marie épouse du donateur”, by charter dated 1211[480].  The relationship, if any, between the Goth family and the earlier comtes d’Astarac has not been traced.  m MARIE de Montcada, daughter of GUILLEN de Montcada [II] Señor de Montcada y Vic & his wife Marie de Béarn ([1166/72]-after 1211).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1211 under which “Senebrun de Goth” donated property to the church of Rouillac, for the soul of “Bernard son père et pour les comtes d’Astarac ses prédecesseurs”, with the consent of “Raimond son fils aîné” and in the presence of “Gaston vicomte de Béarn frère de Marie épouse du donateur[481].  Senebrun [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          RAYMOND [I] de Goth .  “Senebrun de Goth” donated property to the church of Rouillac, for the soul of “Bernard son père et pour les comtes d’Astarac ses prédecesseurs”, with the consent of “Raimond son fils aîné” and in the presence of “Gaston vicomte de Béarn frère de Marie épouse du donateur”, by charter dated 1211[482]

 

3.         RAYMOND [II] de Goth (-after 10 Oct 1254).  Considering the restricted birth date range of Marie, wife of Senebrun [I] de Goth, it is not certain that their son Raymond [I] was the same person as Raymond [II].  "Raymond de Goth" witnessed the charter dated 10 Oct 1254 under which Géraud V Comte d’Armagnac swore allegiance to Henry III King of England, in his capacity as duke of Guyenne[483]

 

4.         SENEBRUN [II] de Goth (-after 12 Apr 1273).  "Senebrunus de Guotto" is named in a charter dated 12 Apr 1273 which records his property held in the parish of Saint Martin de Goth[484].  [m firstly MASCAROSE de Mauléon, daughter of ---.  Courcelles comments, in relation to Senebrun [II] de Goth, that “on lui donne pour première femme Mascarose de Mauléon, qu’il dut épouser vers 1232”, and adds that she was the mother of his children except for Bertrand, but he does not cite any primary sources[485].]  m [secondly] MARQUISE d’Ilhac, daughter of ACQUIN d’Ilhac chevalier & his wife ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter of her son Bertrand de Goth, dated 5 May 1311, under which he granted all his property in the parish of Blanquefort, inherited from "Marquise d’Ilhac sa mère", to "Raymond Guillaume de Guot chevalier son neveu"[486].  Senebrun [II] & his [first] wife had [two] children: 

a)         BERAUD de Goth (-after 1289).  Francesco Pipini’s Chronicon names "Beraudo milite" as the father of Pope Clement V[487]A life of his son, Pope Clement V, names the pope’s father "Beraud", while he is named "Bertrand" in other charters[488]m (1249 or before) IDE de Blanquefort, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Béraud & his wife had [ten] children: 

i)          ARNAUD GARSIE de Goth (-after 7 Jan 1312, bur Auvillars Dominican Church).  "Amanieu sire d’Albret" donated "la seigneurie de Villandraut et la paroisse de Goult" to "messire Arnaud Garcye de Gout, frère du pape Clément cinquième" by charter dated 2 Dec 1306[489]Vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars. 

-         see below

ii)         BERAUD de Goth (-27 Jul 1297).  Cardinal, Bishop of Albane Sep 1244.  Archbishop of Lyon .  He was appointed papal legate by Pope Boniface VIII 13 Apr 1296 to negotiate peace between France and England[490]

iii)        BERTRAND de Goth (Villandraut en Gironde [1260][491]-Roquemaure near Carpentras 20 Apr 1314, bur Uzeste).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 2 Dec 1306 under which "Amanieu sire d’Albret" donated "la seigneurie de Villandraut et la paroisse de Goult" to "messire Arnaud Garcye de Gout, frère du pape Clément cinquième"[492].  Bishop of Comminges 1295.  Archbishop of Bordeaux 1299.  He was elected Pope CLEMENT V 5 Jun 1305. 

iv)       GAILLARD de Goth (-after 16 Jan [1306])The testament of Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), made bequests to “Marquesie de Duroforti...Arnaud de Durfort...Alpaiz sa nièce fille d’Arnaud”, recommended “Raymond Bernard de Durfort chanoine de Perigueux fils de Alpais de Ungaco sa femme” to the Pope, and substituted “Aymeric et Galhard de Ungaco enfans mâles de Marquesie de Durfort sa nièce” as his heirs[493]. The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), mentioned “...Galhard son frère qui était mort sans enfans après avoir été marié[494]m [firstly] as her second husband, ALPAIS du Bugat, widow of --- [de Durfort], daughter of ---.  [m [secondly] (contract Rouillac Jun 1284) BRAIDE de la Barthe, daughter of BERTRAND de la Barthe & his wife Brunisende --- (-after 1301).  Père Anselme indicates that Gaillard & his [second] wife had two children, who were ancestors of the Seigneurs de Rouillac[495].  Given the testament of his brother Arnaud Garsie cited above, this information seems to be incorrect.  Maybe Gaillard’s children, if he had any, were illegitimate.] 

v)        [RAYMOND GUILLAUME de Goth (-after 5 May 1311).  Bertrand de Goth granted all his property in the parish of Blanquefort, inherited from "Marquise d’Ilhac sa mère", to "Raymond Guillaume de Guot chevalier son neveu" by charter dated 5 May 1311[496].  The source which more specifically names his father has not yet been identified, but it is probable that he was the son of Béraud who is the only brother of Bertrand who has so far been identified as having children.]  m ---.  The name of Raymond Guillaume’s wife is not known.  Raymond Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

(a)       BERTRAND de Goth (-after 1341).  A charter dated 1341 of Edward III King of England concerns "Bertrand de Goth damoiseu seigneur du château d’Andorte {diocesis of Bazas, near Saint Macaire} …fils de feu Guillaume Raymond de Goth chevalier"[497]

vi)       [SARVIDE/GALHARDE/CAUHOTE/AGNES/---] de Goth (-[after 6 Jan 1312]).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Sarvide, Galharde, Cauhoute et Agnès ses sœurs...[498].  No information has been found which links each of these named sisters to their recorded husbands, nor to indicate which of Arnaud Garsie’s five sisters predeceased him and was therefore not named in his testament.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by King Edward II writing to domino Bertrando de Savinaco, sororio Papæ” concerning certain negotiations, dated 23 Jan 1313[499]m BERTRAND de Savigny, son of --- (-after 23 Jan 1313).  King Edward II wrote to domino Bertrando de Savinaco, sororio Papæ” concerning certain negotiations, dated 23 Jan 1313[500]

vii)      [SARVIDE/GALHARDE/CAUHOTE/AGNES/---] de Goth (-[after 6 Jan 1312]).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Sarvide, Galharde, Cauhoute et Agnès ses sœurs...[501].  No information has been found which links each of these named sisters to their recorded husbands, nor to indicate which of Arnaud Garsie’s five sisters predeceased him and was therefore not named in his testament.  m GUILLAUME de Fargis, son of ---.  Three children: 

(a)       RAYMOND GUILLAUME de Fargis .  Seigneur de Fargis.  King Edward II wrote to domino Reymundo Guillielmi de Farges, nepoti Papæ” concerning certain negotiations, dated 23 Jan 1313[502]

(b)       BERNARD de Fargis ([1280]-22 Aug 1341).  Archbishop of Narbonne 1311.  King Edward II wrote to domino archiepiscopo Narbonensi nepoti Papæ” concerning certain negotiations, dated 23 Jan 1313[503]

(c)       BERAUD de Fargis (-[1333/34]).  Bishop of Albi [1313/14]. 

viii)     [SARVIDE/GALHARDE/CAUHOTE/AGNES/---] de Goth (-[after 6 Jan 1312]).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Sarvide, Galharde, Cauhoute et Agnès ses sœurs...[504].  No information has been found which links each of these named sisters to their recorded husbands, nor to indicate which of Arnaud Garsie’s five sisters predeceased him and was therefore not named in his testament.  m --- de Preissac, son of ---.  Two children: 

(a)       ARNAUD de Preissac .  Seigneur de Preissac.  King Edward II wrote to domino Arnaldo de Pressaco, nepoti Papæ” concerning certain negotiations, dated 23 Jan 1313[505]

(b)       GAILLARD de Preissac (-1327).  Bishop of Toulouse 1305.  King Edward II wrote to episcopo Tholosan. nepoti Papæ” concerning certain negotiations, dated 23 Jan 1313[506]

ix)       [SARVIDE/GALHARDE/CAUHOTE/AGNES/---] de Goth (-[after 6 Jan 1312]).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Sarvide, Galharde, Cauhoute et Agnès ses sœurs...[507].  No information has been found which links each of these named sisters to their recorded husbands, nor to indicate which of Arnaud Garsie’s five sisters predeceased him and was therefore not named in his testament.  m RAYMOND de Budos, son of ---.  One child: 

(a)       GUILLAUME RAYMOND de Budos .  Seigneur de Budos.  King Edward II wrote to domino Guillielmo Reymundi de Budos, nepoti Papæ” concerning certain negotiations, dated 23 Jan 1313[508]

x)        [SARVIDE/GALHARDE/CAUHOTE/AGNES/---] de Goth (-[after 6 Jan 1312]).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Sarvide, Galharde, Cauhoute et Agnès ses sœurs...[509].  No information has been found which links each of these named sisters to their recorded husbands, nor to indicate which of Arnaud Garsie’s five sisters predeceased him and was therefore not named in his testament.  m --- de Salviac, son of ---.  One child: 

(a)       BERTRAND de SalviacKing Edward II granted Nassam illam de Sancto Macario...le Viscontan, in castellania de Sancto Macario...decimam...in parochia de Mailhans...castrum de La-Dos...castrum de Tantalon...præposituram Vasati...” to “Bertrandus de Salviaco comes Campaniæ (nepos...Clementis...Sanctæ Romanæ ecclesiæ summi pontificis)” by charters dated 30 Jul 1312[510]King Edward II granted castrum et villam de Blankaforti Burdegaliæ dioc.” to “Bertrandum de Guto nunc vicecomitem Leomanniæ et Alti Villaris” by charters dated 16 Jan 1313, which names “Bertrando de Salviaco milite consanguineo et procuratore dicti Bertrando[511]King Edward II wrote to domino Bertrando comiti Campaniæ, nepoti Papæ” concerning certain negotiations, dated 23 Jan 1313[512].

b)         [BERNARD de Goth (-after 1289).  Bertrand de Goth Bishop of Agen refers to his brother "Bernard" in a charter dated 1289[513].  Anselme assumes that he was the same person as Bertrand’s brother Béraud.] 

Senebrun [II] & his [second] wife had one child: 

c)         BERTRAND de Goth (-[1312/13]).  Bishop of Agen before 9 Oct 1289, and from Nov 1206.  Bishop of Langres 22 Jan 1306 to Nov 1306.  Bertrand de Goth granted all his property in the parish of Blanquefort, inherited from "Marquise d’Ilhac sa mère", to "Raymond Guillaume de Guot chevalier son neveu" by charter dated 5 May 1311[514]

 

 

ARNAUD GARSIE de Goth, son of BERAUD de Goth & his wife Ide de Blanquefort (-after 6 Jan 1312, bur Auvillars Dominican Church).  "Noble Arnaud Gaixies del Got" swore allegiance "au sire d’Albret pour Casenave" by charter dated 1303[515]Vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars: Philippe IV King of France granted la vicomté de Lomagne to Arnaud Garsie de Goth by charter dated 1305[516].  "Amanieu sire d’Albret" donated "la seigneurie de Villandraut et la paroisse de Goult" to "messire Arnaud Garcye de Gout, frère du pape Clément cinquième" by charter dated 2 Dec 1306[517].  "Arnaud Gaxie visconte de Lomaigne et de Aulvillar" donated property to "Miramonde de Mouleon dame de Marempne et de la Haye" if he predeceased her, by charter dated May 1309[518].  "Noble Gartias de Gout, sieur et viscomte de Lomaigne et d’Auvillar" paid homage "au sire d’Albret" for "la seigneurie du Fraxiet" by charter dated 1328[519], although presumably this is misdated assuming that the date of Arnaud Garsie’s death is correctly stated above.  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), mentioned “Blanche [sa] première femme, dont il avait eu plusieurs enfans, parmi lesquels il y en avoit plusieurs qui étoient morts...Galhard son frère qui était mort sans enfans après avoir été marié”, bequeathed property to “Miramonde sa femme...Regiotte sa fille femme de noble Gausannerius de Pins...Elips, Marquise, Indie et Regine femme de Bernard de Durfort ses autres filles...Sarvide, Galharde, Cauhoute et Agnès ses sœurs et Basculus son fils naturel, à Alamant son autre fils naturel fils de Perrote de la Oliere et à Anglicus son autre fils naturel...Marie Anne demoiselle femme de Vesian de Lomagne, à Brayde sa petite fille femme de Raynaud de Bruniquel...au posthume de Miramonde sa seconde femme”, appointed as his heir “Bertrand de Gouth son fils”, substituting successively “Arnaud Bertrand de Pinhsac chevalier surnommé Soldan son petit-fils et Amanieu de la Mote son petit fils par sa fille”, and named “Amanieu d’Albret chevalier” as executor[520]

m firstly BLANCHE, daughter of ---.  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), mentioned “Blanche [sa] première femme, dont il avait eu plusieurs enfans, parmi lesquels il y en avoit plusieurs qui étoient morts...[521]

m secondly (25 May 1309) MIRAMONDE de Mauléon, daughter of AUGER [II] de Mauléon Vicomte de Soule & his wife --- (-after 1348).  Arnaud Garsie de Goth married “le septième de l’issue du mois de may 1309” [as his second wife] “Miramonde de Mauléon dame de Marensin au diocèse de Bourdeaux, de la Ferine et de Saubeuse, fille d’Auger de Mauleon damoiseau et sœur de Corbayrand de Mauléon[522]Heiress of the baronies, towns, castles, lands of "Marensin, Saubusse, Saas, Angoumé, Laharie, Castelsarrazin et Berbinzana"[523].  "Arnaud Gaxie visconte de Lomaigne et de Aulvillar" donated property to "Miramonde de Mouleon dame de Marempne et de la Haye" if he predeceased her, by charter dated May 1309[524].  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “Miramonde sa femme...au posthume de Miramonde sa seconde femme[525]Père Anselme notes that Miramonde was still living in 1348, without citing any source on which he bases this information[526]

Mistress (1): The name of Arnaud Garsie’s first mistress is not known. 

Mistress (2): PERROTTE de la Olière, daughter of ---.  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Alamant son autre fils naturel fils de Perrote de la Oliere...[527]

Mistress (3): The name of Arnaud Garsie’s third mistress is not known.  The name “Anglicus” given to her son (see below) suggests that she may have been English. 

Arnaud Garsie & his first wife had [twelve or more] children (sons and daughters are grouped together below as no indication has been found of the overall order of birth, and in addition the order of birth of the daughters is uncertain as different testaments in which they are named list them in different orders, confusing the question of their relative seniority): 

1.         BERAUD de Goth (-before 7 Apr 1307).  The primary source which confirms his name and date of death has not been identified.  m ---.  The name of Béraud’s wife is not known.  Béraud & his wife had one child: 

a)         BRAIDE de Goth (-after 2 Sep 1327, bur Bruniquel)The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Brayde sa petite fille femme de Raynaud de Bruniquel...[528].  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Braide sa nièce femme du vicomte de Bruniquel...[529].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, substituted "Arnaldum Bernardi de Preyssaco militem dictum Soldanum, Amanevum et Bertrandum de Mota fratres, Aymericum de Duroforti dominum de --- …Reginam de Gutto uxorem nobilis Amanevi de Pinibus…et Braydam vicecomitissam Bruniquelli, necnon et Indiam uxorem domini de Monteferrando…Marquesiæ de Sevinhaco uxori Othonis domini de Montealto" as her heirs in case her husband died childless[530]The testament of Braide de Goth, dated 2 Sep 1327, chose burial in the church of Bruniquel, where “sa fille Galharde morte avant d’être mariée” was buried, named “ses autres filles Marguerite, Bertrande et Brayde”, and named as executors “son mari Réginald, dom Béraud évêque d’Alby, Olivier vicomte de Montclar, et Isarn de Tauriac damoiseau[531]m (contract 7 Apr 1307) as his first wife, RENAUD Vicomte de Bruniquel, son of GUILLAUME Vicomte de Bruniquel & his wife Aude de Pons (-[mid-Nov 1328/11 Jan 1329], bur Montauban, Dominican church). 

2.         BERTRAND de Goth (-[22 May/4 Jun] 1324).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), appointed as his heir “Bertrand de Gouth son fils”, substituting successively “Arnaud Bertrand de Pinhsac chevalier surnommé Soldan son petit-fils et Amanieu de la Mote son petit fils par sa fille[532]Vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars.  King Edward II granted castrum et villam de Blankaforti Burdegaliæ dioc.” to “Bertrandum de Guto nunc vicecomitem Leomanniæ et Alti Villaris” by charters dated 16 Jan 1313, which names “Bertrando de Salviaco milite consanguineo et procuratore dicti Bertrando[533].  Père Anselme records that Edward II King of England granted le château de Blanquefort to "Bertrand de Goth seigneur de Duras, fils d’Arnaud-Garsie de Goth vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars" by charter dated 1 Feb 1312[534], but the grantee’s father’s name does not appear in the charter quoted above.  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, named “Arnaud Garsie son frere déja décedé”, bequeathed property to “Beatrix de Lautrec sa femme...Elips, Indie, Marquise, Regine et autre Regine ses sœurs...Braide sa nièce femme du vicomte de Bruniquel...Trenquine sa nièce fille d’Olivier de Libhano...Assaride sa fille naturelle femme de Escoban de Vicemonte...Geralde sa fille naturelle femme de l’ainé de Guillaume-Raymond Loriac...Basculo son frere natural le château de Puyguilhem...à les autres freres naturels...Galhard son fils naturel le château des Alamans...Beraud de Gouth fils naturel de quelqu’un de sa race”, and appointed as his heir “Regine sa fille unique comtesse d’Armagnac”, naming as substitutes ”le fils de Bernard de Durfort seigneur de Flamarens son beau-frere et de Regine sa sœur...Aymeric fils d’Arnaud de Durfort et de Marquise sa sœur, le fils aîné d’Amalum de Bares et d’Indie sa sœur, Bertrand fils d’Amanieu de la Motte et d’Elips sa sœur, et autre Regine sa sœur femme d’Anissant de Pins[535]m (before 11 Mar 1311) as her second husband, BEATRIX de Lautrec Vicomtesse de Lautrec, widow of PHILIPPE de Lévis Seigneur de Lévis, Vicomte de Lautrec, daughter of BERTRAND Vicomte de Lautrec & his wife Alasie de Nargeac (-after 21 Mar 1336).  The marriage contract between Gui de Lévis sgr de Mirepoix...son fils Philippe de Levis” and “Beatrix vicomtesse de Lautrec...sa mère Aladays”, noting her previous betrothal to “Mathieu de Lévis” and subject to Papal dispensation, is dated 10 Sep 1296[536].  Pope Boniface VIII issued the dispensation for the marriage 3 Jun 1297, referring to her earlier contract to marry quondam Matheus de Levis miles frater tuus fili Philippe[537].  “Alazia fille de feu...Guill. B. de Najac veuve de Bertr. vic de Lautrec” granted her rights in “castrum nostrum de Savinhaco” to “Beatrix notre fille aînée et héritière universelle dud. Bertr.” by charter dated 30 Jun 1297[538].  The date of her second marriage is estimated from the following document: a charter dated 11 Mar 1310 (O.S.) records a dispute between Bertrandi de Guto militis vicecomitis Lautricensis” and “dominam A. de Monteforti comitissam Vindocinensem” concerning “loca de Cabanesio[539]A charter dated Nov 1313 recorded payment by the convent of Avignon Sainte-Claire to Bertr. de Guto vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars et...sa demme Béatrix épouse de feu Phil. de Lévis[540].  "Béatrix de Lautrec" bequeathed money for her future marriage to her daughter Regine, by her testament dated 30 Jul 1315[541].  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “Beatrix de Lautrec sa femme...[542].  Jean I Comte d’Armagnac, acting for his wife "fille et heritière de feu Bertrand de Goth vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars", assigned a pension to "Béatrix de Lautrec, veuve de Bertrand de Goth" by charter dated 10 Jun 1324[543].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, appointed "dominæ Beatrici vice-comitissæ Lautricensi matri suæ…Rogerio de Armaniaco et Domino Amanevo de Lebreto" as her executors[544]Beatrix vicomtesse de Lautrec” promised not to dispose of her assets without the consent of “ses fils...Philippe et Bertrand de Lévis”, with the consent of “...vicomte Guillaume cousin de lad. dame”, by charter dated 28 Nov 1326, and committed to pay certain sums to her sons “pro custodia castri [de La Focz]” where she was living by charter dated 29 May 1327[545]Beatrix vic. de Lautrec” ordered her subjects to swear allegiance to “nos fils Philippe et à Bertrand” by charter dated 21 Mar 1335 (O.S.)[546]Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

a)         REGINE de Goth (-Château de Lavardins [12 Aug/1 Sep] 1325, bur Auvillars Dominican Church).  The marriage contract between Iohannem comitem Armaniaci” and “dominum Bertrandum de Guto vicecomitem Leomaniæ et Altivillaris...Reginam filiam” is undated[547].  The date of her marriage is indicated by the testament of Bertrand de Goth dated 10 May 1324 which indicates that his daughter was comtesse d’Armagnac[548].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, substituted "Arnaldum Bernardi de Preyssaco militem dictum Soldanum, Amanevum et Bertrandum de Mota fratres…", presumably the sons of Alix de Goth, as her heirs in case her husband died childless[549]"Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, appointed "dominæ Beatrici vice-comitissæ Lautricensi matri suæ…Rogerio de Armaniaco et Domino Amanevo de Lebreto" as her executors, appointed "dominum Joannem comitem Armaniaci, Fesenciaci et Ruthenæ virum suum" as her heir, substituting "Arnaldum Bernardi de Preyssaco militem dictum Soldanum, Amanevum et Bertrandum de Mota fratres, Aymericum de Duroforti dominum de --- …Reginam de Gutto uxorem nobilis Amanevi de Pinibus…et Braydam vicecomitissam Bruniquelli, necnon et Indiam uxorem domini de Monteferrando…Marquesiæ de Sevinhaco uxori Othonis domini de Montealto" in case her husband died childless[550].  The testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, bequeathes property for the soul of "Reginæ de Gutto…vicecomitissæ Leomaniæ, primæ…uxoris quondam nostræ, et domini Bertrandi"[551].  A second testament of "Johannes…comes Armaignaci, Fesensiaci et Ruthene, vicecomesque Leomaniæ et Altivillaris ac dominus terre Ripparie", dated 5 Apr 1373, donates property for the souls of "…Regine de Gutto quondam uxoris nostre…domini Bertrandi de Guto quondam vicecomitis Leomaniæ et Altivillaris, patris ipsius Regine…"[552].  She succeeded her father as Vicomtesse de Lomagne et d’Auvillars.  m (before 10 May 1324) as his first wife, JEAN [I] d’Armagnac, son of BERNARD [VI] Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Cécile de Rodez (before 6 May 1306-after 5 Apr 1373, bur Auch Sainte-Marie).  He succeeded his father in 1329 as Comte d'Armagnac

Bertrand had three illegitimate children by unknown Mistresses: 

b)         GAILHARD (-after 19 May 1324).  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Galhard son fils naturel le château des Alamans...[553]

c)          ASSALIDE (-after 19 May 1324).  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Assaride sa fille naturelle femme de Escoban de Vicemonte...Geralde sa fille naturelle femme de l’ainé de Guillaume-Raymond Loriac...[554]m ESCOBAN de Vicemonte, son of ---. 

d)         GERAUDE (-after 19 May 1324).  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Assaride sa fille naturelle femme de Escoban de Vicemonte...Geralde sa fille naturelle femme de l’ainé de Guillaume-Raymond Loriac...[555]m --- Loriac, son of GUILLAUME RAYMOND Loriac & his wife ---. 

3.         ARNAUD GARSIE de Goth (-before 6 Jan 1312).  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, named “Arnaud Garsie son frere déja décedé[556].  He presumably predeceased his father as he is not named in the latter’s testament dated 6 Jan 1311 (O.S.). 

4.         RAYMOND de Goth (-26 Jun 1310, bur Saint-Etienne d’Agen).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Bishop of Albi.  Prior of Okeburg, Doyen of the church of Lincoln 1307. 

5.         [--- .  The following two documents suggest that this person’s son "Arnaldum Bernardi de Preyssaco militem dictum Soldanum..." was oldest grandson of Arnaud Garsie.  If that is correct, his mother was presumably his oldest sister, but if that is correct she predeceased him.  Another possibility is that this was the same person as one of the other sisters named below, who married “... de Preissac” as her first husband.  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), appointed as his heir “Bertrand de Gouth son fils”, substituting successively  “Arnaud Bertrand de Pinhsac chevalier surnommé Soldan son petit-fils et Amanieu de la Mote son petit fils par sa fille[557].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, named "Arnaldum Bernardi de Preyssaco militem dictum Soldanum..." as first substitute heir[558]m --- de Preissac, son of ---.] 

6.         [daughter .  Her parentage is indicated by the following document, although it is not known whether she was the same person as one of the other sisters named below, Olivier de Libhan being an earlier deceased husband who is not otherwise recorded.  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Trenquine sa nièce fille d’Olivier de Libhano...[559]m OLIVIER de Libhan, son of ---.] 

7.         REGINE de Goth (-after 1333).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “Miramonde sa femme...Regiotte sa fille femme de noble Gausannerius de Pins...Elips, Marquise, Indie et Regine femme de Bernard de Durfort ses autres filles...[560].  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Elips, Indie, Marquise, Regine et autre Regine ses sœurs...”, naming as successive substitute heirs ”...autre Regine sa sœur femme d’Anissant de Pins[561].  Her marriage is indicated by the testament of Regine Ctss d’Armagnac, dated 12 Aug 1325, which substitutes "…Reginam de Gutto uxorem nobilis Amanevi de Pinibus…et Braydam vicecomitissam Bruniquelli, necnon et Indiam uxorem domini de Monteferrando…Marquesiæ de Sevinhaco uxori Othonis domini de Montealto" as her heirs in case her husband died childless[562]m GAUCERAN [Amanieu] de Pins, son of --- (-after 12 Aug 1325). 

8.         ALIX [Elips] de Goth (-after 12 Aug 1325).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “Miramonde sa femme...Regiotte sa fille femme de noble Gausannerius de Pins...Elips, Marquise, Indie et Regine femme de Bernard de Durfort ses autres filles...” and named “...Amanieu de la Mote son petit fils par sa fille” as second substitute heir[563].  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Elips, Indie, Marquise, Regine et autre Regine ses sœurs...”, naming as successive substitute heirs ”...Bertrand fils d’Amanieu de la Motte et d’Elips sa sœur...[564].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, substituted "Arnaldum Bernardi de Preyssaco militem dictum Soldanum, Amanevum et Bertrandum de Mota fratres…", presumably the sons of Alix de Goth, as her heirs in case her husband died childless[565]m AMANIEU Baron de la Motte Seigneur de Langon et de Rochetaillée, son of --- (-Toulouse 1308).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), appointed as his heir “Bertrand de Gouth son fils”, substituting successively “Arnaud Bertrand de Pinhsac [transcription error for Pins?] chevalier surnommé Soldan son petit-fils et Amanieu de la Mote son petit fils par sa fille[566]

9.         MARQUISE de Goth (-before 1326)The testament of Galhard de Goth damoiseau seigneur de Duras, frère et maréchal du pape Clement V”, dated 16 Jan 1305 (O.S.?), made bequests to “Marquesie de Duroforti...Arnaud de Durfort...Alpaiz sa nièce fille d’Arnaud” substituted “Aymeric et Galhard de Ungaco enfans mâles de Marquesie de Durfort sa nièce” as his heirs[567]. The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “Miramonde sa femme...Regiotte sa fille femme de noble Gausannerius de Pins...Elips, Marquise, Indie et Regine femme de Bernard de Durfort ses autres filles...[568].  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Elips, Indie, Marquise, Regine et autre Regine ses sœurs...”, naming as successive substitute heirs ”...Aymeric fils d’Arnaud de Durfort et de Marquise sa sœur...[569]m (before [1300?]) as his first wife, ARNAUD de Durfort Seigneur de Duras, son of --- & his wife Alpais du Bugat (-after 25 Feb 1326). 

10.      INDIE de Goth (-after 12 Aug 1325).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “Miramonde sa femme...Regiotte sa fille femme de noble Gausannerius de Pins...Elips, Marquise, Indie et Regine femme de Bernard de Durfort ses autres filles...[570].  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Elips, Indie, Marquise, Regine et autre Regine ses sœurs...”, naming as successive substitute heirs ”...le fils aîné d’Amalum de Bares et d’Indie sa sœur...[571].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, named "...Indiam uxorem domini de Monteferrando…"[572]m [firstly] AMAL de Barres, son of ---.  [m secondly --- Seigneur de Montferrand, son of --- (-after 12 Aug 1325).  It is not known whether this was Indie’s second husband or whether her known husband Amal de Barres was also Seigneur de Montferrand.]    

11.      REGINE de Goth (-after 1333).  Dame de Flamarens: Arnaud Garsie de Goth granted “la seigneurie de Flamarens” to “Régine sa fille” on her marriage to “Bernard de Durfort chevalier, qui depuis se qualifia sire de Flamarens”, by charter dated after 1305[573].  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Elips, Indie, Marquise, Regine et autre Regine ses sœurs...”, naming as successive substitute heirs ”le fils de Bernard de Durfort seigneur de Flamarens son beau-frere et de Regine sa sœur...[574]m ([1300]) BERNARD de Durfort Seigneur de Flamarens, son of --- (-before 1329). 

12.      [one or more] children (-before 6 Jan 1312).  Their existence is confirmed by the testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), which mentioned “Blanche [sa] première femme, dont il avait eu plusieurs enfans, parmi lesquels il y en avoit plusieurs qui étoient morts...[575].  The number of other children is unknown, although “plusieurs” suggests at least four (of whom Béraud, Arnaud Garsie and Raymond, named above). 

Arnaud Garsie & his second wife had one child: 

13.      child ([Jan/Jun] 1312-).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...au posthume de Miramonde sa seconde femme[576].  No record has been found indicating whether this child survived. 

Arnaud Garsie had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

14.       --- [Basculus] (-after 19 May 1324).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Basculus son fils naturel, à Alamant son autre fils naturel fils de Perrote de la Oliere et à Anglicus son autre fils naturel...[577].  The unusual name “Basculus” suggests that it may have been a nickname of some sort.  The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Basculo son frere natural le château de Puyguilhem...à les autres freres naturels...[578]

Arnaud Garsie had one illegitimate child by Mistress (2): 

15.       ALAMAN (-after 6 Jan 1312).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Basculus son fils naturel, à Alamant son autre fils naturel fils de Perrote de la Oliere et à Anglicus son autre fils naturel...[579]

Arnaud Garsie had one illegitimate child by Mistress (3): 

16.       --- [Anglicus] (-after 6 Jan 1312).  The testament of Arnaud Garsie de Goth, dated 6 Jan 1311 (presumably O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Basculus son fils naturel, à Alamant son autre fils naturel fils de Perrote de la Oliere et à Anglicus son autre fils naturel...[580].  The name “Anglicus” suggests a nickname given because his mother was English. 

 

The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Beraud de Gouth fils naturel de quelqu’un de sa race[581]

 

 



[1] Bladé (1878), p. 6. 

[2] Jaurgain (1898), pp. 180 and 285-6, quoting Extrait des Archives de la Chambre des Comptes de Montpellier, ex ms. Berd, and Brugeles, D. Chron. Eccles. du diocèse d’Auch, Preuves de la troisième partie, 81. 

[3] Jaurgain (1902), p. 114. 

[4] Jaurgain (1898), pp. 399-401, quoting Marca (Béarn), p. 232, and Jaurgain (1902), p. 116.

[5] Jaurgain (1902), p. 115. 

[6] Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, LXII, p. 153, charter headed "Acte suspect" in the compilation. 

[7] Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire LXIII, p. 165. 

[8] Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire LXIII, LXII, p. 153, charter headed "Acte suspect" in the compilation. 

[9] Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire LXIII, p. 165. 

[10] Réole Saint-Pierre LV, p. 104. 

[11] Jaurgain (1902), p. 115, citing Aimon Vita S. Abbonis Floriacensis

[12] Jaurgain (1902), p. 115. 

[13] Jaurgain (1898), pp. 399-401, quoting Marca (Béarn), p. 232.

[14] Jaurgain (1902), p. 116. 

[15] Réole Saint-Pierre LXIII, p. 110. 

[16] Réole Saint-Pierre LXIII, p. 110. 

[17] Réole Saint-Pierre LXIII, p. 110. 

[18] Jaurgain (1902), p. 115. 

[19] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 116-7, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fos. 51 vo

[20] Jaurgain (1898), pp. 399-401, quoting Marca (Béarn), p. 232.

[21] Jaurgain (1902), p. 116. 

[22] Jaurgain (1902), p. 116, citing Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 364 vo

[23] Jaurgain (1902), p. 116. 

[24] Jaurgain (1902), p. 116, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fos. 47 vo, 49, 49 vo, 50 and 50 vo

[25] Jaurgain (1902), p. 118, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fos. 47 vo, 49, 49 vo, 50 and 50 vo

[26] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 116-7, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fos. 51 vo

[27] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 116-7, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fos. 51 vo

[28] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 116-7, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fos. 51 vo

[29] William of Tyre, VI.XVII, p. 263. 

[30] Réole Saint-Pierre LXXXVIII, p. 129. 

[31] Jaurgain (1902), p. 117, citing quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 51. 

[32] Réole Saint-Pierre XCVIII, p. 137. 

[33] Jaurgain (1902), p. 117. 

[34] Ex Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis 34, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 394. 

[35] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106 footnote 3. 

[36] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 50. 

[37] Bladé (1878), p. 27, citing “Cartul. de l’abb. de la Grand-Sauve (Du Laura), 244 et 45”. 

[38] Jaurgain (1902), p. 117. 

[39] Réole Saint-Pierre CXXI, p. 164. 

[40] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106 footnote 3, quoting Cirot de la Ville Histoire de la Grande-Sauve, Tome II, p. 133. 

[41] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106 footnote 3, quoting Lacave La Plagne Barris, C. (1899) Cartulaire du chapitre de l’église métropolitaine Sainte-Marie d’Auch, p. 133. 

[42] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106 footnote 3, quoting Ms. de Wolfenbuttel, nos. 409 and 408. 

[43] Patent Rolls Henry III 1225-1232 (1903), p. 246. 

[44] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix, 44, p. 91. 

[45] Bladé (1878), p. 28. 

[46] Rôles Gascons, Tome I, 25 Hen III, 159, pp. 23-4. 

[47] Patent Rolls Henry III 1225-1232 (1903), p. 232. 

[48] Jaurgain (1902), p. 107 footnote 3 (continued from p. 106), citing Michel, F. and Bémont, C. Rôles gascons, no. 1.227. 

[49] Rôles Gascons, Tome I, 27 Hen III, 1227, p. 166. 

[50] Jaurgain (1902), p. 107 footnote 3 (continued from p. 106). 

[51] Jaurgain (1902), p. 107 footnote 3 (continued from p. 106). 

[52] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106 footnote 3, quoting Cirot de la Ville Histoire de la Grande-Sauve, Tome II, p. 133. 

[53] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, III, p. 319. 

[54] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. 321. 

[55] Catel (1623), p. 196. 

[56] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 468. 

[57] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 468. 

[58] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 468. 

[59] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 468. 

[60] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, p. 389. 

[61] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, p. 505. 

[62] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 468. 

[63] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, p. 389. 

[64] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, p. 505. 

[65] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, p. 94. 

[66] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 468. 

[67] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 468. 

[68] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 464.IX, col. 1408. 

[69] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 68. 

[70] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 68. 

[71] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 432. 

[72] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 68. 

[73] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 69. 

[74] Dom Villevieille (Passier), Tome I, p. 196. 

[75] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 157. 

[76] Dom Villevieille (Passier), Tome I, p. 196. 

[77] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 157. 

[78] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 68. 

[79] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 469. 

[80] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 469. 

[81] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 470. 

[82] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 470. 

[83] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 469. 

[84] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 469. 

[85] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 470. 

[86] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 470. 

[87] Père Anselme, Tome IV, pp. 473-5. 

[88] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, p. 505. 

[89] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, p. 505. 

[90] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, p. 505. 

[91] ES X 121. 

[92] Histoire Générale de Languedoc  2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, "Chronique tirée d’un manuscrit de MM. Sabbathier de la Bourgade, de Toulouse", p. 529. 

[93] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[94] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[95] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[96] Barrois (2004), footnote 116, citing Bibliothèque nationale, Collection Doat 247, Affaires des vicomtés de Lomagne et d’Auvillars, f. 196, and Bonal (1885), p. 307. 

[97] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars II, p. 151. 

[98] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[99] Monlezun (1846), Tome VI, p. 318, citing Baluze, E. (1693) Vitæ paparum avenionensium (Paris) Vol. II, pièce LXX, col. 462. 

[100] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383, citing “un registre de la Chambre des Comptes intitulé des Dons de Charles le Bel et de Philippes de Valois”. 

[101] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[102] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 83. 

[103] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 632 (1370-1373).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[104] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[105] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[106] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 382. 

[107] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[108] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[109] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383, citing “un registre de la Chambre des Comptes intitulé des Dons de Charles le Bel et de Philippes de Valois”. 

[110] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 627. 

[111] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[112] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[113] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 632 (1370-1373).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[114] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 630 (1370-1373).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[115] ES X 114, Père Anselme, Tome V, pp. 734-44. 

[116] Marca (Béarn), Livre III, III, p. 210. 

[117] Jaurgain (1898), p. 342. 

[118] Jaurgain (1898), pp. 381-2.

[119] Marca (Béarn), Livre III, III, p. 210. 

[120] Jaurgain (1898), p. 342. 

[121] Fragmentum Chronici Fontanellensis, RHGF, Tome VII, p. 41. 

[122] Marca (Béarn), Livre III, III, p. 210. 

[123] Marca (Béarn), Livre III, III, p. 210. 

[124] Marca (Béarn), Livre III, III, p. 210. 

[125] Adémar de Chabannes III, 19, p. 137. 

[126] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, p. 413

[127] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, p. 301 footnote 3. 

[128] Jaurgain (1898), pp. 381-2.

[129] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[130] Chronique de Guitres, p. 97. 

[131] Depoin (1921), p. 133. 

[132] Jaurgain (1898), p. 382. 

[133] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix 1, p. 1. 

[134] Settipani (2004), p. 46. 

[135] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix 1, p. 1. 

[136] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix 2, p. 3. 

[137] Quoted in Settipani (2004), p. 42 footnote 3, highlighting that Lot (1903), pp. 384-6 suggests that it is spurious. 

[138] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix 2, p. 3. 

[139] Quoted in Settipani (2004), p. 42 footnote 3, highlighting that Lot (1903), pp. 384-6 suggests that it is spurious. 

[140] Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 395. 

[141] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix 80, p. 109. 

[142] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, LXXXVII, p. 66. 

[143] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, LXXXVII, p. 66. 

[144] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CI, p. 76. 

[145] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CII, p. 76. 

[146] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CII, p. 76. 

[147] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CXX, p. 91. 

[148] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CXX, p. 91. 

[149] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CXXXVI, p. 104. 

[150] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CXXXVI, p. 104. 

[151] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CXXXVI, p. 104. 

[152] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 199. 

[153] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 199. 

[154] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 199. 

[155] Baurein (1784), Tome I, p. 216 (no citation reference). 

[156] Baurein (1784), Tome I, p. 216 (no citation reference). 

[157] Rôles Gascons, Tome I, 25 Hen III, 159, pp. 23-4. 

[158] Rôles Gascons, Tome I, 25 Hen III, 159, pp. 23-4. 

[159] Archives Historique de la Gironde (1861) Tome 3, p. 131, quoting Bibl. nat. Collection Doat, vol. 172. 

[160] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 315. 

[161] Archives Historique de la Gironde (1861) Tome 3, p. 131, quoting Bibl. nat. Collection Doat, vol. 172. 

[162] Dom Villevieille (Passier), Tome I, p. 185. 

[163] Draft of this letter in Coll. Périgord, Vol. 53, fol. 346, dated 1276 by Lépine.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[164] Suggested by Thomas Fournier in a private email to the author dated 14 Oct 2011. 

[165] Draft of this letter in Coll. Périgord, Vol. 53, fol. 346, dated 1276 by Lépine.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[166] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[167] Millardet ‘Chartes Gascons’ (1910), LV, p. 183. 

[168] Millardet ‘Chartes Gascons’ (1910), LV, p. 183. 

[169] Millardet ‘Chartes Gascons’ (1910), LV, p. 183. 

[170] Millardet ‘Chartes Gascons’ (1910), LV, p. 183. 

[171] Millardet ‘Chartes Gascons’ (1910), LV, p. 183. 

[172] Coll. Périgord, fol. 93.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[173] Bibliothèque municipale de Bordeaux, manuscript no. 741, Titres de Castelnau {Castelnau-de-Médoc, Gironde}, cited in Meaudre de Lapouyade (1939), p. 107 footnote 421.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[174] Coll. Périgord, Vol. 54, fol. 132.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[175] Coll. Périgord, Vol. 54, fol. 210.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[176] Furgeot (1920), "Parlement de la Saint-Martin d'hiver de l'année" 1332, 736, 29 mai 1332 (VI, 322vo).  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[177] Coll. Doat, Vol. 242, p. 693, and Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 618 (1318-1319).  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[178] Bibl. nat. Fr., D. Man., Coll. Doat according to Piccard (1911), Gardeau (1961).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[179] Millardet ‘Chartes Gascons’ (1910), LV, p. 183. 

[180] Millardet ‘Chartes Gascons’ (1910), LV, p. 183. 

[181] Meaudre de Lapouyade, M. (1939) La maison de Bordeaux et les premiers captaux de Buch, p. 95 (not yet consulted). 

[182] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 622 (1330-1339).  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[183] Coll. Périgord, Vol. 53, fol. 411.  Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 614.  Photograph of the document at http://Guyenne.fr/ArchivesPerigord/Pau/E614/E614.htm [20 May 2007].  [J.-C. Chuat]

[184] Copy dated 1667 in Bibl. nat. France, D. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc (Doat), Vol. 242, pp. 442-69, in Occitan followed by a French translation, p. 470. 

[185] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, pp. 99-100. 

[186] Archives du Périgord, Sigillographie. No. 235 Périgord (Jeanne de), Dame de Lavardac.  Fragment d'un sceau rond d'environ 27mm, cire verte, appendu sur double queue de parchemin à une quittance datée de Lavardac 28 Apr 1341. 

[187] Archives nat. de Fr., JJ 75 (1343-1346): 5885 (fol. 212), Jan 1345.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[188] Johannes de Nugo, notary at Lavardac, Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 624 (1340-1345).  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[189] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 736.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[190] Rymer (1739), Tome II, Pars I, p. 24. 

[191] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, XXXVIII, p. 36. 

[192] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, XL, p. 38. 

[193] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, XCVI, p. 72. 

[194] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, XLII, p. 39. 

[195] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, XLIII, p. 39. 

[196] Gimont, XXXIV, p. 399. 

[197] Gimont, LXXII, p. 419. 

[198] Gimont, XXVIII, p. 394. 

[199] Gimont, LXXII, p. 419. 

[200] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, XCVII, p. 72. 

[201] Gimont, XXVIII, p. 394. 

[202] Gimont, LXXII, p. 419. 

[203] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, XCVII, p. 72. 

[204] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, XCVII, p. 72. 

[205] Gimont, XXVIII, p. 394. 

[206] Gimont, LXXII, p. 419. 

[207] Gimont, XXVIII, p. 394. 

[208] Gimont, XXVIII, p. 394. 

[209] Gimont, LXXII, p. 419. 

[210] Gimont, XCII, CI and CXXIV, pp. 430, 434 and 446. 

[211] Gimont, CXXXI, p. 449. 

[212] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, LVIII, p. 47. 

[213] Gimont, LXXXVI, p. 426. 

[214] Gimont, II, p. 375. 

[215] Gimont, IV, p. 377. 

[216] Gimont, XXXIV, p. 399. 

[217] Gimont, LXXXVI, p. 426. 

[218] Gimont, III, p. 376. 

[219] Gimont, LXXXVI, p. 426. 

[220] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CLXIV, p. 126. 

[221] Gimont, XLI, p. 403. 

[222] Gimont, XLI, p. 403. 

[223] Gimont, XLI, p. 403. 

[224] Bordeaux Saint-Seurin, CLXIV, p. 126. 

[225] Gimont, XXXIV, p. 399. 

[226] Gimont, XLI, p. 403. 

[227] Gimont, XLI, p. 403. 

[228] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 199. 

[229] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 199. 

[230] Documens Historiques du Rouergue (1853), Tome I, p. 682. 

[231] Documens Historiques du Rouergue (1853), Tome I, p. 682. 

[232] Mariages et testaments Roquefeuil, AD30 - 1E1884/1, No. 14, available at <http://ludovic-noirie.fr/genealogie/nobles/docs/AD30_1E1884_1.pdf> (21 Oct 2017). 

[233] Chronique de Guitres, p. 97. 

[234] Chronique de Guitres, p. 97. 

[235] Chronique de Guitres, p. 97. 

[236] Chronique de Guitres, p. 97. 

[237] Depoin (1921), p. 133. 

[238] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[239] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[240] Depoin (1921), p. 123. 

[241] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[242] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[243] Adémar de Chabannes III, 68, p. 194. 

[244] Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis, XXX, p. 35. 

[245] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[246] Settipani (2004), pp. 173-5. 

[247] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[248] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[249] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[250] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[251] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[252] Chronique de Guitres, p. 97. 

[253] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[254] Depoin (1921), p. 123. 

[255] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[256] Chronique de Guitres, p. 100. 

[257] Millardet ‘Chartes Gascons’ (1910), CCXXIII, p. 513. 

[258] Fœdera (1816), Vol. I, Part I, p. 248. 

[259] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 76. 

[260] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 79. 

[261] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 80. 

[262] Fœdera (1816), Vol. I, Part I, p. 248. 

[263] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 80. 

[264] Rymer (1740), Tome II, Pars III, p. 172. 

[265] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 12. 

[266] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 12. 

[267] Rabanis, M. ‘Florimont Sire de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 76. 

[268] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), pp. 308,. 

[269] Baurein (1784), Tome I, p. 246, footnote (1). 

[270] Baurein (1784), Tome I, p. 246, footnote (1). 

[271] Baurein (1784), Tome I, p. 246, footnote (1). 

[272] Rabanis ‘Seigneurie de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 117 (no citation reference). 

[273] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix, VII, p. 10. 

[274] Loewenfeld (1885), p. 146. 

[275] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, II, p. 318. 

[276] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), p. 308. 

[277] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, VI, p. 327. 

[278] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix, XXIX, p. 49, and Gallia Christiana, Tome II, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Burdigalensis, col. 286. 

[279] Baurein (1784), Tome I, p. 216 (no citation reference). 

[280] Rôles Gascons, Tome I, 158, p. 23. 

[281] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), p. 308, referring to citation in footnote 25 which is not reproduced in the copy consulted. 

[282] Patent Rolls Henry III, Vol. 3, 27 Henry III, p. 381, available at <http://sdrc.lib.uiowa.edu/patentrolls/h3v3/body/Henry3vol3page0381.pdf> (16 Feb 2016). 

[283] Rabanis ‘Seigneurie de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 119 (no citation reference). 

[284] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), p. 309. 

[285] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 315. 

[286] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 315. 

[287] Archives Historique de la Gironde (1861) Tome 3, p. 131, quoting Bibl. nat. Collection Doat, vol. 172. 

[288] Dom Villevieille (Passier), Tome I, p. 185. 

[289] Rabanis ‘Seigneurie de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 119 (no citation reference). 

[290] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), p. 309. 

[291] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 315. 

[292] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, II, p. 318. 

[293] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, III, p. 319. 

[294] Bordeaux Sainte-Croix, XXIX, p. 49, and Gallia Christiana, Tome II, Instrumenta ecclesiæ Burdigalensis, col. 286. 

[295] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, II, p. 318. 

[296] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, III, p. 319. 

[297] Rabanis ‘Seigneurie de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 120 (no citation reference). 

[298] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. 321. 

[299] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, III, p. 319. 

[300] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. 321. 

[301] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. 321. 

[302] Dom Villevieille (Passier), Tome I, p. 186. 

[303] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 7. 

[304] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), p. 311, citing ‘Bibl. mun. de Bordeaux, ms. 1400, fol. 71’. 

[305] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), p. 312, citing ‘Arch. dép. Basses-Pyrenées, E 19’. 

[306] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 14. 

[307] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), p. 311, citing ‘Bibl. mun. de Bordeaux, ms. 1400, fol. 71’. 

[308] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, V, p. 326. 

[309] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 14. 

[310] Rabanis ‘Seigneurie de Lesparre’ (1845), pp. 120-1 (no citation reference). 

[311] Rabanis ‘Seigneurie de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 124 (no citation reference). 

[312] Rabanis ‘Seigneurie de Lesparre’ (1845), pp. 113-14, citing ‘Archives de la Gironde – Inventaire des titres de Lesparre’. 

[313] Rymer (1740), Tome III, Pars I, pp. 143-4. 

[314] Rabanis ‘Seigneurie de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 121, citing ‘les actes de Rymer et les rôles gascons’ (no precise citation references). 

[315] Rabanis ‘Florimont Sire de Lesparre’ (1845), pp. 152-3, footnote (11) citing ‘poème de Guillaume de Machaut’. 

[316] Rymer (1740), Tome III, Pars III, p. 155. 

[317] Rymer (1740), Tome III, Pars IV, p. 94. 

[318] Rabanis ‘Florimont Sire de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 81 (no citation reference). 

[319] Rabanis ‘Florimont Sire de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 152, footnote (10) citing ‘Arch. du Vatican’. 

[320] Rabanis ‘Florimont Sire de Lesparre’ (1845), p. 112 (no citation reference). 

[321] Documens Historiques du Rouergue (1853), Tome I, p. 682. 

[322] Clary & Bodin (1912), p. 106. 

[323] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 420. 

[324] Clary & Bodin (1912), p. 108. 

[325] Clary & Bodin (1912), p. 110. 

[326] Clary & Bodin (1912), p. 110. 

[327] Clary & Bodin (1912), p. 111. 

[328] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, VI, p. 327. 

[329] Clary & Bodin (1912), p. 106. 

[330] Clary & Bodin (1912), p. 106. 

[331] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, III, p. 319. 

[332] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. 321. 

[333] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, III, p. 319. 

[334] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. 321. 

[335] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, VI, p. 327. 

[336] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, VII, p. 329. 

[337] Trabut-Cussac ‘Les seigneurs de Lesparre’ (1966), Pièces justificatives, VII, p. 329. 

[338] Clary & Bodin (1912), p. 106. 

[339] Clary & Bodin (1912), pp. 109-10. 

[340] Clary & Bodin (1912), pp. 111-13. 

[341] Clary & Bodin (1912), pp. 113, 115. 

[342] Clary & Bodin (1912), pp. 115, 117. 

[343] Clary & Bodin (1912), pp. 120, 124. 

[344] Stevenson (1864), Vol. II, Part II, p. 508. 

[345] Jaurgain (1902), Introduction, III, xii. 

[346] Réole Saint-Pierre, 5, p. 104. 

[347] Jaurgain (1902), p. 101. 

[348] Jaurgain (1902), p. 101, citing Brugèles (1736), Preuves de la II partie, p. 51. 

[349] Ex Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis, RHGF, Tome XI, p. 397. 

[350] La Réole Saint-Pierre 9, p. 107. 

[351] Jaurgain (1902), p. 102. 

[352] Jaurgain (1902), p. 102, quoting Gallia Christiana, Tome II, Instr., pp. 442-3. 

[353] Cluny, Tome IV, 3385, p. 481. 

[354] Saint-Mont 1, p. 6. 

[355] ES III 570. 

[356] Saint-Mont 5, p. 11. 

[357] Saint-Mont 1, p. 6. 

[358] Jaurgain (1902), p. 104, citing Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, fo. 107, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l. Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 52 vo, and Brugèles (1736), Preuves de la III partie, p. 69.   

[359] Jaurgain (1902), p. 105, quoting Cartulaire Noir de Sainte-Marie d’Auch, fo. 47, and Lacave La Plagne Barris, C. (1899) Cartulaire du chapitre de l’église métropolitaine Sainte-Marie d’Auch, p. 27. 

[360] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, l. c., fo. 52 vo

[361] Cluny, Tome IV, 3401, p. 503. 

[362] Cluny, Tome IV, 3385, p. 481. 

[363] Jaurgain (1902), p. 102, citing Oïhenart, Vol. mss, aux archives de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 292 vo

[364] Cluny, Tome IV, 3385, p. 481. 

[365] Jaurgain (1902), p. 102, citing Oïhenart, Vol. mss, aux archives de M. l’Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 292 vo

[366] Jaurgain (1902), p. 103, citing Aymeric de Peyrat Chronique, fo. 160 vo, Bibl. nat. Fonds latin, no. 4991a

[367] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 103-4, citing Oïhenart, l. c., fo. 293 vo

[368] Jaurgain (1902), p. 104, citing Oïhenart, l. c., fo. 294 and 294 vo

[369] Saint-Mont 78, p. 108. 

[370] Cluny, Tome IV, 3385, p. 481. 

[371] Jaurgain (1902), p. 101. 

[372] Cluny, Tome IV, 3385, p. 481. 

[373] Cluny, Tome IV, 3401, p. 503. 

[374] Cluny Tome IV, 3385, p. 481. 

[375] Cluny, Tome IV, 3401, p. 503. 

[376] Jaurgain (1902), p. 104, citing Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, fo. 107, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l. Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 52 vo, and Brugèles (1736), Preuves de la III partie, p. 69.    

[377] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Noulens, J. (1876) Documents historiques sur la Maison de Galard, Tome I, pp. 10-13, Bibl. nat. mss., Collection Moreau, vol. 47, fos. 154 et seq. 

[378] Saint-Mont 1, p. 6. 

[379] Jaurgain (1902), p. 104, citing Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, fo. 5, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l. Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 47 vo

[380] Jaurgain (1902), p. 104, citing Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, fo. 107, Oïhenart, vol. ms. de M. l. Abbé de Carsalade, fo. 52 vo, and Brugeles (1736), Preuves de la III partie, p. 69.

[381] Jaurgain (1902), p. 105, quoting Cartulaire Noir de Sainte-Marie d’Auch, fo. 47, and Lacave La Plagne Barris, C. (1899) Cartulaire du chapitre de l’église métropolitaine Sainte-Marie d’Auch, p. 27. 

[382] Jaurgain (1902), p. 105, quoting Cartulaire Noir de Sainte-Marie d’Auch, fo. 47, and Lacave La Plagne Barris, C. (1899) Cartulaire du chapitre de l’église métropolitaine Sainte-Marie d’Auch, p. 27. 

[383] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, l. c., fo. 52 vo

[384] Jaurgain (1902), p. 105, quoting Cartulaire Noir de Sainte-Marie d’Auch, fo. 47, and Lacave La Plagne Barris, C. (1899) Cartulaire du chapitre de l’église métropolitaine Sainte-Marie d’Auch, p. 27. 

[385] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, l. c., fo. 52 vo

[386] Jaurgain (1902), p. 107, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, l. c., fo. 53. 

[387] Réole Saint-Pierre LXXXVIII, p. 129. 

[388] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Noulens Documents historiques sur la Maison de Galard, Tome I, pp. 10-13, Bibl. nat. mss., Collection Moreau, vol. 47, fos. 154 et seq. 

[389] Jaurgain (1902), p. 108, citing Moret Annales de Navarre, Tome II, pp. 278-80. 

[390] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Noulens Documents historiques sur la Maison de Galard, Tome I, pp. 10-13, Bibl. nat. mss., Collection Moreau, vol. 47, fos. 154 et seq. 

[391] Lacarra 'Repoblación del Valle del Ebro' (1952) 354, p. 574. 

[392] Sainte-Foi de Morlaás, VI, p. 319. 

[393] Sainte-Foi de Morlaás, IX, p. 323. 

[394] Lacarra 'Repoblación del Valle del Ebro' (1952) 354, p. 574. 

[395] Marca (Béarn), p. 443, quoting "Ex chartulario Morlanensi". 

[396] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, l. c., fo. 52 vo

[397] Jaurgain (1902), p. 106, quoting Cartulaire de la Grande-Sauve, Oïhenart, l. c., fo. 52 vo

[398] Jaurgain (1902), Introduction, III, ix. 

[399] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 173. 

[400] Jaurgain (1898), p. 202, and Buisson (1876), Tome I, p. 157.

[401] Ex Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis, RHGF, Tome XI, p. 395. 

[402] Jaurgain (1902), p. 15. 

[403] Réole Saint-Pierre, 5, p. 104. 

[404] Ex Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis, RHGF, Tome XI, p. 395. 

[405] Ex Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis, RHGF, Tome XI, p. 395. 

[406] Jaurgain (1898), pp. 253 and 381, citing Art de vérifier les dates, Tome IX, p. 331, which refers to archives de Nérac, liasse X, cote LL. 

[407] Spicilegium, Tome II, p. 594, cited in Jaurgain (1902), p. 17

[408] Jaurgain (1902), p. 17, quoting Spicilegium XIII, p. 444. 

[409] Jaurgain (1902), p. 17, quoting Marca (Béarn), pp. 305-6. 

[410] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 17-18, quoting Spicilegium II, pp. 587 and 593. 

[411] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 17-18, quoting Spicilegium II, p. 590. 

[412] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 17-18, quoting Spicilegium II, pp. 587 and 593. 

[413] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 17-18, quoting Spicilegium II, pp. 587 and 593. 

[414] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 17-18, quoting Spicilegium II, p. 590. 

[415] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 17-18, quoting Spicilegium II, pp. 587 and 593. 

[416] Ex Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis, RHGF, Tome XI, p. 395. 

[417] Jaurgain (1898), pp. 253 and 381, citing Art de vérifier les dates, Tome IX, p. 331, which refers to archives de Nérac, liasse X, cote LL. 

[418] Ex Historia Abbatiæ Condomensis, RHGF, Tome XI, p. 395. 

[419] ES III 569. 

[420] Saint-Mont 5, p. 11. 

[421] Saint-Mont 5, p. 11. 

[422] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 514. 

[423] Jaurgain (1898), p. 253, quoting Bibl. nat. mss., Collection Doat, vol. 128, fo. 191. 

[424] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 514. 

[425] Saint-Mont 5, p. 11. 

[426] Jaurgain (1898), p. 253, quoting Bibl. nat. mss., Collection Doat, vol. 128, fo. 191. 

[427] Saint-Mont 5, p. 11. 

[428] Saint-Mont 5, p. 11. 

[429] Saint-Mont 5, p. 11. 

[430] Saint-Mont 34, p. 55. 

[431] Saint-Mont 30, p. 48. 

[432] Saint-Mont 31, p. 50. 

[433] Saint-Mont 88, p. 136. 

[434] Saint-Mont 33, p. 54. 

[435] ES III 570. 

[436] Saint-Mont 5, p. 11. 

[437] Saint-Mont 1, p. 6. 

[438] Jaurgain (1898), p. 260, quoting Bibl. nat. mss., Collection Doat, vol. 128, fo. 191. 

[439] Uzerche, 26 and 961, pp. 58 and 385. 

[440] Réole Saint-Pierre LXXXVIII, p. 129. 

[441] Uzerche, 26 and 961, pp. 58 and 385. 

[442] Jaurgain (1898), p. 253, quoting Bibl. nat. mss., Collection Chérin, dossier de Batz, and L’Art de vérifier les dates, Tome IX, p. 333. 

[443] Gimont, XXXII, p. 269. 

[444] Gimont, XXXV, p. 271. 

[445] Gimont, XXXV, p. 271. 

[446] Jaurgain (1902), p. 30, quoting Grand cartulaire de Grandselve, fo. 220. 

[447] Gimont, LXVII, p. 241. 

[448] Jaurgain (1902), p. 30, quoting Grand cartulaire de Grandselve, fo. 220. 

[449] ES III 570. 

[450] Jaurgain (1902), p. 30, quoting Grand cartulaire de Grandselve, fo. 220. 

[451] ES III 574, and Jaurgain (1902), pp. 36-40. 

[452] Jaurgain (1898), p. 253, quoting Bibl. nat. mss., Collection Chérin, dossier de Batz, and L’Art de vérifier les dates, Tome IX, p. 333. 

[453] Jaurgain (1902), p. 119, citing Bibl. nat. Collection Chérin, dossier de Batz. 

[454] ES III 570, and Jaurgain (1902), pp. 21-2. 

[455] Gimont, XXXV, p. 271. 

[456] Histoire Générale de Languedoc  2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves des Additions et Notes, VII, p. 159. 

[457] Histoire Générale de Languedoc  2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves des Additions et Notes, VII, p. 159. 

[458] Jaurgain (1902), p. 25, citing Archives du séminaire d’Auch, and Monlezun Histoire de Gascogne, Tome II, p. 323. 

[459] Jaurgain (1902), p. 24, citing L’Art de vérifier les dates, Tome IX, p. 334. 

[460] Jaurgain (1902), p. 25, citing Archives du séminaire d’Auch, and Monlezun Histoire de Gascogne, Tome II, p. 323. 

[461] Alfonse de Poitou Correspondance Tome I, 417, p. 248. 

[462] Alfonse de Poitou Correspondance Tome II, 1431, p. 148. 

[463] ES III.3 570. 

[464] Jaurgain (1902), p. 26. 

[465] Chartularium Raimondi comitis Tholosæ, vol. 6009, fol. 108, copied by Lépine in Coll. Périgord, Vol. 53, fol. 26.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[466] Alfonse de Poitou Correspondance Tome II, 1431 and 1477, pp. 148 and 180. 

[467] Alfonse de Poitou Correspondance Tome II, 2117, p. 616. 

[468] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 535, col. 1695. 

[469] Jaurgain (1902), p. 25, citing Archives du séminaire d’Auch, and Monlezun Histoire de Gascogne, Tome II, p. 323. 

[470] Draft of this letter in Coll. Périgord, Vol. 53, fol. 346, dated 1276 by Lépine.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[471] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[472] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 535, col. 1695. 

[473] Coll. Doat, Vol. 242, p. 349, his letter to his seneschal in Agen. 

[474] Arch. nat. Fr., Trésor des Chartes, boîte cotée Alençon, no. 12, and Coll. Périgord, Vol. 53, fol. 356.  [J.-C. Chuat]  

[475] Coll. Périgord, Vol. 54, fol. 26.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[476] ES III 570 and Jaurgain (1902), p. 24, extinct in the male line in the 15th century. 

[477] Barrois (2004).   

[478] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 173. 

[479] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 551.I, col. 1054. 

[480] Courcelles (1829), Tome VI, De Goth ou de Gout, p. 3, citing “Manuscrits de D. Villevieille, qui cite les Arch. du duc d’Epernon”. 

[481] Courcelles (1829), Tome VI, De Goth ou de Gout, p. 3, citing “Manuscrits de D. Villevieille, qui cite les Arch. du duc d’Epernon”. 

[482] Courcelles (1829), Tome VI, De Goth ou de Gout, p. 3, citing “Manuscrits de D. Villevieille, qui cite les Arch. du duc d’Epernon”. 

[483] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 170. 

[484] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 170. 

[485] Courcelles (1829), Tome VI, De Goth ou de Gout, p. 5. 

[486] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 170, citing Bibliothèque Colbertine MS vol. 47, fo. 29. 

[487] RIS, Tome IX, Chronicon Francisci Pipini, XLIX, col. 747. 

[488] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 171. 

[489] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 93. 

[490] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 171. 

[491] Kelly (1994), p. 440. 

[492] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 93. 

[493] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[494] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 382. 

[495] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 175-84. 

[496] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 170, citing Bibliothèque Colbertine MS vol. 47, fo. 29. 

[497] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 170, citing Baluze, E. (1693) Vitæ paparum avenionensium (Paris) Vol. I, p. 619.   

[498] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[499] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 26. 

[500] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 26. 

[501] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[502] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 26. 

[503] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 26. 

[504] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[505] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 26. 

[506] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 26. 

[507] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[508] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 26. 

[509] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[510] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 10. 

[511] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 24. 

[512] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 26. 

[513] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 171. 

[514] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 170, citing Bibliothèque Colbertine MS vol. 47, fo. 29. 

[515] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 167. 

[516] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 382. 

[517] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 93. 

[518] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 45. 

[519] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 14. 

[520] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[521] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[522] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 382.  

[523] Jaurgain (1898), p. 90. 

[524] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 45. 

[525] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[526] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 382. 

[527] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[528] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[529] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[530] Monlezun (1846), Tome VI, p. 318, citing Baluze, E. (1693) Vitæ paparum avenionensium (Paris) Vol. II, pièce LXX, col. 462. 

[531] Bourdes ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[532] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[533] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars I, p. 24. 

[534] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 174. 

[535] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[536] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 83. 

[537] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 85. 

[538] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 73. 

[539] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 153. 

[540] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 133. 

[541] Barrois (2004), footnote 86, citing Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 237, Inventaire des archives de la maison d’Armagnac deposes dans la tour du château de Vic-Fezensac, fol. 102, no. 344.   

[542] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[543] Barrois (2004), footnote 92, citing Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Vol. I, p. 297.   

[544] Monlezun (1846), Tome VI, p. 318, citing Baluze (1693) Tome II, pièce LXX, col. 462. 

[545] Cabié & Mazens (1882), pp. 134, 137. 

[546] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 138. 

[547] Baluze (1693), Tome II, LXIX, col. 460. 

[548] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[549] Monlezun (1846), Tome VI, p. 318, citing Baluze, E. (1693) Vitæ paparum avenionensium (Paris) Vol. II, pièce LXX, col. 462. 

[550] Baluze (1693), Tome II, LXX, col. 462.  

[551] Quoted by Barrois (2004), Appendice, pièce IV, citing Bibliothèque nationale, collection Doat 184 fol. 296-337.   

[552] Quoted by Barrois (2004), Appendice, pièce XVII, citing Archives nationales Trésor des Chartes J 777, no. 9 and Bibliothèque nationale, n.a. fr. 7280, fol. 272-301v. 

[553] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[554] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[555] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[556] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[557] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[558] Baluze (1693), Tome II, LXX, col. 462. 

[559] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[560] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[561] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[562] Monlezun (1846), Tome VI, p. 318, citing Baluze, E. (1693) Vitæ paparum avenionensium (Paris) Vol. II, pièce LXX, col. 462. 

[563] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[564] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[565] Monlezun (1846), Tome VI, p. 318, citing Baluze, E. (1693) Vitæ paparum avenionensium (Paris) Vol. II, pièce LXX, col. 462. 

[566] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[567] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 725. 

[568] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[569] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[570] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[571] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[572] Baluze (1693), Tome II, LXX, col. 462. 

[573] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 382. 

[574] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[575] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 382. 

[576] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[577] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[578] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[579] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[580] Père Anselme, Tome IX, pp. 382-3. 

[581] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383.