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maine - nobility

 

  v4.1 Updated 29 August 2017

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Chapter 1.                SEIGNEURS de BRAITEL. 2

A.         SEIGNEURS de BRAITEL. 2

B.         SEIGNEURS de BRAITEL (BEAUMONT) 4

Chapter 2.                SEIGNEURS de CHAOURCES (SOURCHES) 6

Chapter 3.                SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-du-LOIR. 13

Chapter 4.                SEIGNEURS de CONNERRE. 20

Chapter 5.                SEIGNEURS de la GUERCHE. 21

Chapter 6.                SEIGNEURS de LAVAL. 30

A.         SEIGNEURS de LAVAL. 30

B.         SEIGNEURS de LAVAL (MONTMORENCY) 47

Chapter 7.                SEIGNEURS de MAYENNE. 52

Chapter 8.                SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU. 64

A.         SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU.. 64

B.         SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU (FRETEVAL) 71

Chapter 9.                SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE. 74

A.         SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE.. 74

B.         SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE (SEIGNEURS de LANGEAIS) 77

Chapter 10.              SEIGNEURS des MONTS. 79

Chapter 11.              SEIGNEURS de PREUILLY. 80

Chapter 12.              SEIGNEURS des VAUX. 83

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    SEIGNEURS de BRAITEL

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de BRAITEL

 

 

The castle of Braitel was situated in the parish of Lombron {Sarthe}.  The place is now known as Bresteau.  The families of the seigneurs de Braitel were studied in the later 19th century by Samuel Menjot d´Elbenne[1]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME .  His name is confirmed by the charter dated to [1064/76] under which his son "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier[2]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         HUGUES (-1076).  Seigneur de Braitel.  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise, nepotum quoque meorum filiorum Rotberti de Monte Boone, Gauffredi…atque Guillelmi" and with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis" by charter dated to [1050/60][3].  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76], which also records the donation by "Gaufredus gener suus et Hervisa filia eiusdem Hugonis, uxor Gauffredi"[4]m ERME, daughter of ---.  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…" by charter dated to [1050/60][5].  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76][6].  Hugues & [his wife] had one child: 

i)          HERVISE .  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise…" by charter dated to [1050/60][7].  As is usual with sources such as this, the document contains no indication that Hervise was the donor’s daughter by his marriage to Erme.  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76], which also records the donation made by "Gaufredus gener suus et Hervisa filia eiusdem Hugonis, uxor Gauffredi"[8]m (before [1064/76]) GEOFFROY, son of ROSCELIN Vicomte du Maine & his wife --- (-after [1080/95], presumably before 1096). 

b)         [daughter .  Assuming that “nepotum”, in the source quoted below, can be interpreted in its strict sense of nephews, one of the parents of the two sons named below was the sibling of the donor.  The naming of their father, without reference to any family relationship, suggests that it was their mother who was the donor’s relative.]  m ROBERT de Mont Boon, son of ---.  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEOFFROY .  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise, nepotum quoque meorum filiorum Rotberti de Monte Boone, Gauffredi…atque Guillelmi" by charter dated to [1050/60][9]

ii)         GUILLAUME .  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise, nepotum quoque meorum filiorum Rotberti de Monte Boone, Gauffredi…atque Guillelmi" by charter dated to [1050/60][10]

 

 

2.         HERVE de Braitel (-after [1065]).  "Herveus de Braitel" donated a mill at "Mesharenchio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1065][11].  His relationship, if any, to Guillaume de Braitel has not been determined. 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de BRAITEL (BEAUMONT)

 

 

GEOFFROY, son of ROSCELIN Vicomte du Maine & his wife --- (-after [1080/95]))"Gaufridus filius Roscelini vicecomitis" sold "ecclesias de Sogona" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1060][12].  "Huberti vicecomitis, Gaufridi avunculi sui…" witnessed a charter dated to [1067/69] which records a donation by "Willelmus cognomento Osoenus" to Saint-Vincent du Mans[13].  "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…"[14].  [Vicomte: Geoffroy is called “vicecomitis” in the charter of his son dated 1096 quoted below, but no indication has been found in the sources so far consulted that he used the title himself.]  Geoffroy presumably died before 1096, the date of the charter issued by his son. 

m (before [1064/76]) HERVISE de Braitel, daughter of HUGUES Seigneur de Braitel & his wife [Erme ---].  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise…" by charter dated to [1050/60][15].  As is usual with sources such as this, the document contains no indication that Hervise was the donor’s daughter by his marriage to Erme.  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76], which also records the donation by "Gaufredus gener suus et Hervisa filia eiusdem Hugonis, uxor Gauffredi"[16]

Geoffroy & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME de Braitel (-[1116 or after]).  "Willelmus Braitellensis filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesiam de villa…Domnolium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratres mei Hugo atque Gaufridus" and "Radulfus Rothroci filius et Godehilda uxor eius et Giroius eius filius, atque Gaufridus et Willelmus atque Helvisa et Margarita filii et filie eorum", by charter dated 1096[17].  "…Willelmus de Braitello, Hugo, Gaufridus, fratres eius et Odo bastardus…" witnessed the charter dated 22 Jun 1096 which records the donation by "Wido…de Sarciaco cum fratribus suis Nicholao atque Pagano" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, on joining the crusade[18]He joined the crusade in 1096[19]"Willelmus filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesia Sancti Martini de Lunbrun" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, after recovering "honorem suum de Bruitello", by undated charter dated to [1080/1102], witnessed by "Odone fratre eius bastardo"[20].  The reference to Guillaume recovering his honour of Braitel indicates that he must have forfeited it at some point.  No source has been found which sheds light on the circumstances of this forfeiture or concerning its recovery, whether involving the dukes of Normandy/kings of England or the comtes d’Anjou.  The source which names Geoffroy in 1116 has not yet been identified. 

2.         HUGUES de Braitel (-after 21 Oct 1110).  "Willelmus Braitellensis filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesiam de villa…Domnolium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratres mei Hugo atque Gaufridus", by charter dated 1096[21].  "…Willelmus de Braitello, Hugo, Gaufridus, fratres eius et Odo bastardus…" witnessed the charter dated 22 Jun 1096 which records the donation by "Wido…de Sarciaco cum fratribus suis Nicholao atque Pagano" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, on joining the crusade[22]"…Hugo de Braitel…" witnessed the charter dated 21 Oct 1110 which records that Hélie Comte du Maine renounced rights to revenue from the fair of St Thomas[23]

3.         GEOFFROY de Braitel (-after 22 Jun 1096).  "Willelmus Braitellensis filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesiam de villa…Domnolium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratres mei Hugo atque Gaufridus", by charter dated 1096[24].  "…Willelmus de Braitello, Hugo, Gaufridus, fratres eius et Odo bastardus…" witnessed the charter dated 22 Jun 1096 which records the donation by "Wido…de Sarciaco cum fratribus suis Nicholao atque Pagano" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, on joining the crusade[25]

Geoffroy had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

4.          EUDES de Braitel .  "Willelmus filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesia Sancti Martini de Lunbrun" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, after recovering "honorem suum de Bruitello", by undated charter dated to [1080/1102], witnessed by "Odone fratre eius bastardo"[26].  "…Willelmus de Braitello, Hugo, Gaufridus, fratres eius et Odo bastardus…" witnessed the charter dated 22 Jun 1096 which records the donation by "Wido…de Sarciaco cum fratribus suis Nicholao atque Pagano" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, on joining the crusade[27]. 

 

 

No later source has yet been identified which indicates the subsequent ownership of the seigneurie de Braitel. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    SEIGNEURS de CHAOURCES (SOURCHES)

 

 

The castle of Sourches en Saint-Symphorien, previously known as Chaources, is situated in the canton of Conlie in the present-day French département of la Sarthe, north-west of Le Mans.  Cars and Ledru note that in medieval times there existed two castles of the same name, located close to each other, held by different families of seigneurs whom they suggest were descended from the brothers Bouchard [I] and Hugues [I] who are shown below[28].  The definitive reconstruction of this family is hampered by the number of references to individuals named Hugues.  They have been separated for presentational purposes into six different persons.  It is likely that there is considerable overlap, but it is not possible to ascertain with certainty the number of different persons named Hugues de Chaources who existed. 

 

 

1.         ERNAUD de Brizay (-after 1045).  Cars and Ledru name “Simon de Brizay, présent en 1050 à la fondation du prieuré de Saint-André de Mirebeau, Bouchard seigneur de Sourches et Hugues seigneur de Marigné, tige des de Sourches seigneurs de Saint-Aignan, de Brûlon, de Malicorne et de Bernay” as the sons of “Ernauld de Brizay, vivant encore en 1045[29].  He does cite the primary sources which confirm the affiliation and it is possible that is speculative.  Ernaud´s three supposed sons are therefore shown in square brackets below.  m ---.  The name of Ernaud´s wife is not known.  Ernaud & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         [SIMON de Brizay (-after 1050).  Cars and Ledru name “Simon de Brizay, présent en 1050 à la fondation du prieuré de Saint-André de Mirebeau, Bouchard seigneur de Sourches et Hugues seigneur de Marigné, tige des de Sourches seigneurs de Saint-Aignan, de Brûlon, de Malicorne et de Bernay” as the sons of “Ernauld de Brizay, vivant encore en 1045[30].] 

b)         [BOUCHARD [I] de ChaourcesCars and Ledru name “Simon de Brizay, présent en 1050 à la fondation du prieuré de Saint-André de Mirebeau, Bouchard seigneur de Sourches et Hugues seigneur de Marigné, tige des de Sourches seigneurs de Saint-Aignan, de Brûlon, de Malicorne et de Bernay” as the sons of “Ernauld de Brizay, vivant encore en 1045[31]"Burchardus de Cadurciis", gravely ill, donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "uxor eiusdem…Richeldis" and in the presence of "parvulo filio eius Hamelino", by charter dated to [1068/78][32].  "Gunherius de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, noting that "Bucchardus de Cadurciis" had donated one third interest in the church with the consent of "Hugone Cadurcino", by charter dated to [1067/78][33].  A charter dated to [1078] records a claim on "ecclesia Atteniaci" by "Johannes de Luciaco", adding that he had married "Hugonem de Resqul…neptem" and that the abbot of Saint-Vincent du Mans reached agreement with "Bucchardi" with the consent of "uxore sua Alsendi et filio eius Hugone"[34].]  m RICHELDIS [Alsendis], daughter of ---.  "Burchardus de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "uxor eiusdem…Richeldis" and in the presence of "parvulo filio eius Hamelino", by charter dated to [1068/78][35].  A charter dated to [1078] records a claim on "ecclesia Atteniaci" by "Johannes de Luciaco", adding that he had married "Hugonem de Resqul…neptem" and that the abbot of Saint-Vincent du Mans reached agreement with "Bucchardi" with the consent of "uxore sua Alsendi et filio eius Hugone"[36].  Bouchard [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          HUGUES [II] .  "Burchardus de Cadurciis", gravely ill, donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "uxor eiusdem…Richeldis" and in the presence of "parvulo filio eius Hamelino", by charter dated to [1068/78], the following charter in the cartulary recording the settlement of a dispute relating to the same property involving “Hugo filius supradicti Bucchardi[37].  "Gunherius de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, noting that "Bucchardus de Cadurciis" had donated one third interest in the church with the consent of "Hugone Cadurcino", by charter dated to [1067/78][38].  A charter dated to [1078] records a claim on "ecclesia Atteniaci" by "Johannes de Luciaco", adding that he had married "Hugonem de Resqul…neptem" and that the abbot of Saint-Vincent du Mans reached agreement with "Bucchardi" with the consent of "uxore sua Alsendi et filio eius Hugone"[39]

ii)         HAMELIN .  "Burchardus de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "uxor eiusdem…Richeldis" and in the presence of "parvulo filio eius Hamelino", by charter dated to [1068/78][40]

c)         [HUGUES [I] de ChaourcesCars and Ledru name “Simon de Brizay, présent en 1050 à la fondation du prieuré de Saint-André de Mirebeau, Bouchard seigneur de Sourches et Hugues seigneur de Marigné, tige des de Sourches seigneurs de Saint-Aignan, de Brûlon, de Malicorne et de Bernay” as the sons of “Ernauld de Brizay, vivant encore en 1045[41].  He is named “Hugonis de Matrinniaco” in the charter of his son Patrice [I] dated to [1050] which is quoted below.]  m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          PATRICE [I] de Chaources .  A charter dated to [1050] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis filius Hugonis de Matrinniaco” became a monk at Saint-Pierre de la Couture, donated “villam...Lavariacum” with the consent of “Hugone et Goffrido utique suis filiis”, and that after he died “quidam sacerdos eius consanguineus...Rainaldus” also became a monk there and donated “capellam...in honore sancti Dionysii, non longe a castro Genide”, by undated charter dated to [1050][42]m ---.  The name of Patrick´s wife is not known.  Patrick & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HUGUES [III] de Chaources .  A charter dated to [1050] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis filius Hugonis de Matrinniaco” became a monk at Saint-Pierre de la Couture, donated “villam...Lavariacum” with the consent of “Hugone et Goffrido utique suis filiis”, by undated charter dated to [1050][43]

(b)       GEOFFROY de Chaources .  A charter dated to [1050] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis filius Hugonis de Matrinniaco” became a monk at Saint-Pierre de la Couture, donated “villam...Lavariacum” with the consent of “Hugone et Goffrido utique suis filiis”, by undated charter dated to [1050][44].

 

 

[Three] siblings.  Their parents have not been identified, but the common donation of the church of Attigny suggests that they were closely related to Bouchard [I] de Chaources: 

1.         GONTHIER de Chaources .  "Gunherius de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, noting that "Bucchardus de Cadurciis" had donated one third interest in the church with the consent of "Hugone Cadurcino", by charter dated to [1067/78][45]

2.         HUGUES de Requeil .  "Miles Hugo de Rescolio" donated part of "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1067/78], which names "fratri eius…Gunherio"[46].  It is not known whether the different geographical epithets used by the two brothers indicates that they were half-brothers, sharing the same mother, or full brothers who were referred to by the different lands which they had inherited from their father. 

3.         [--- .  Assuming that “neptem” in the source quoted below can be interpreted in its strict sense of niece, one of the parents of Jean de Lucie’s wife was the sibling of Hugues de Requeil.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         daughter .  A charter dated to [1078] records a claim on "ecclesia Atteniaci" by "Johannes de Luciaco", adding that he had married "Hugonem de Resqul…neptem" and that the abbot of Saint-Vincent du Mans reached agreement with "Bucchardi" with the consent of "uxore sua Alsendi et filio eius Hugone"[47]m JEAN de Lucie, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         SILVESTER de Chaources (-after 30 Nov 1077).  “...Silvester de Chaorcias...” witnessed the charter dated 30 Nov 1077 under which "Rotbertus Burgundio" donated pasturage rights in the forest of Brionne to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "fratris sui Hanrici atque uxoris suæ, illius quæ Blancha vocata est, filiorumque suorum"[48]

 

 

1.         HUGUES [IV] de Chaources .  Hugues [IV] may have been the same person as Hugues [III] who is shown above.  A charter dated to [1080/1120] records a donation by "Hugo de Cadurciis" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, naming "quodam suo milite Patricio"[49].  "Hugo de Cadurciis" consented to the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Martini de Bellofaio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by "Teobaudus et Radulfus de Torciaco", by charter dated to end-11th century[50]

 

 

1.         HUGUES [V] de Chaources (-after [1090/96]).  The chronology suggests that Hugues [V] may have been the same person as Hugues [IV] who is named above.  “Hugo de Cadurciis, senioris Patricii pater” donated “vicum Sancti Medardi, justa castrum Baladonis” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture by charter dated to [1090/96][51]m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues [V] & his wife had one child: 

a)         PATRICE [II] de Chaources (-after [1095]).  A charter dated to [1081/90] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis” killed “Gaufredum puerum filium Gaufredi de Brullone” and as part of the resulting agreement donated “ecclesiam de Beneyo” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture “cum uxore sua Mathilde[52]"Patricius de Cadurcis" donated property to the abbey of La Couture by charter dated to [1085/97], in the presence of "…Hugone de Lavalle…"[53].  “Patricus”, wishing to go overseas [“volens mare transire”, the editor of the edition suggesting that this related to his leaving on the First Crusade] ratified previous donations to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “Hugo...filius eius”, by charter dated to [1095][54]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [1081/90] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis” killed “Gaufredum puerum filium Gaufredi de Brullone” and as part of the resulting agreement donated “ecclesiam de Beneyo” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture “cum uxore sua Mathilde[55].  Patrice [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          HUGUES [VI] de Chaources .  “Patricus”, wishing to go overseas [“volens mare transire”, the editor of the edition suggesting that this related to his leaving on the First Crusade] ratified previous donations to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “Hugo...filius eius”, by charter dated to [1095][56].  “Hugo filius Patrici” donated “quidquid de feuo patris sui” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture by charter dated to [1095][57]

ii)         [PATRICE [III] de Chaources (-after 1133).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Patricius de Cadurcis filius Patricii" donated the mill at Horcote in villa de Kynermaresforde" with the consent of "rege Henrico seniore…tempore Willelmi abbatis" [abbot from 1113 to 1131] and that "Patricius de Cadurcis" donated "tria molendina in Kynemerefforde" confirmed by "rex Willielmus junior…tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][58].  It is uncertain whether "Patricius de Cadurcis" who made the earlier donation (undoubtedly Patrice [III]) was the same person as "Patricius de Cadurcis filius Patricii" who made the later donation.  The latter could also have been the person who is called Patrick [II] in the corresponding UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY document.  If Patrice [III] was the son of another Patrice, the chronology suggests that his father was Patrice [II], although this affiliation cannot be confirmed beyond all doubt.] 

-         UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY - CHAOURCES/CHAWORTH

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Chaources (-after 1139).  "…Goffridus de Chaorciis…" witnessed the charter dated 1139 under which "Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius eius" donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme[59]

 

2.         HAMELIN de Chaources (-after [1170]).  A charter dated to [1170] records an agreement between the abbot and monks of Saint-Pierre de la Couture and “Hamelinum de Cadulcis” concerning "ecclesia de Hardengea"[60]

 

 

1.         GERARD de Chaources (-after [1173]).  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[61]m PETRONILLE, daughter of ---.  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[62].  Gérard & his wife had nine children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Chaources (-before [1173]).  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[63]

b)         GEOFFROY de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[64].  "Goffredum de Chaorciis" renounced certain rights over "terries de Cellis" in favour of the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars, with the consent of "Dominus Berlaius", by charter dated 1184, signed by "G. de Chaorciis, Amer sui fratris"[65]

c)         AIMERY de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[66].  "Goffredum de Chaorciis" renounced certain rights over "terries de Cellis" in favour of the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars, with the consent of "Dominus Berlaius", by charter dated 1184, signed by "G. de Chaorciis, Amer sui fratris"[67]

d)         GERARD de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[68]

e)         AVIS de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[69]

f)          JEANNE de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[70]

g)         AGNES de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[71]

h)         --- .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[72]

i)          --- .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[73]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-du-LOIR

 

 

1.         ---.  No indication has been found of the identity of Rorans’s husband.  m RORANS, daughter of ---.  Gervais Archbishop of Reims wrote concerning the relics of Saint Mélaine to Even Abbé de Saint-Mélaine, dated [1055/67], naming "Rorans avia mea" [which, from the wording of other parts of the document, must mean great-grandmother not grandmother] and recording that she was granted the domaine of Argentré "in Cenomanensi pago" by way of dower, specifying that it was transmitted to "nepoti suo, quem de filio suscepit, Haimoni patri meo"[74].  One child: 

a)         son .  The name of Rorans's son is not known, but his existence is confirmed by the source dated [1055/67] quoted below in which his son is named.  m ---.  One child: 

i)          HAMON [Hamelin] de Château-du-Loir (-15 Jan [1030]).  Gervais Archbishop of Reims wrote concerning the relics of Saint Mélaine to Even Abbé de Saint-Mélaine, dated [1055/67], naming "Rorans avia mea" and recording that she was granted the domaine of Argentré "in Cenomanensi pago" by way of dower, specifying that it was transmitted to "nepoti suo, quem de filio suscepit, Haimoni patri meo"[75]

-         see below

 

 

HAMON [Hamelin] de Château-du-Loir, son of --- (-15 Jan [1030]).  Gervais Archbishop of Reims wrote concerning the relics of Saint Mélaine to Even Abbé de Saint-Mélaine, dated [1055/67], naming "Rorans avia mea" and recording that she was granted the domaine of Argentré "in Cenomanensi pago" by way of dower, specifying that it was transmitted to "nepoti suo, quem de filio suscepit, Haimoni patri meo"[76].  Seigneur d’Argentré.  "Hugo Cenomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel by charter dated 1014, witnessed by "Roscelini vicecomitis, Hameli de Leido Castello, Haymonis de Medano, Herberti fratris comitis, Droci filii Milonis, Odilarii Drudi"[77]The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "XVIII Kal Feb" of "Haimo de Castro Lit"[78]

m (1006 or before) HILDEBURGE de Bellême, daughter of IVES Seigneur de Bellême & his [first/second wife ---/Godehildis ---] (-27 Oct ----).  Avesgaud Bishop of Le Mans gave the church of Parigné-l'Evèque and Loué to "unam Hildeburgi sorori suæ primogenitæ et alteram Godehilde germanæ suæ secundæ" by charter dated [1000][79].  [Her son] Bishop Gervais names "avunculi mei Avesgaudi…genitoris cum genetrice mea Haimonis et Hildeburga" in his testament dated [1040/47], which also specifies that "avunculi mei domini Avesgaudi episcopi" died "apud Verdunis VI Kal Nov" on returning from Jerusalem, that "sororis eius, matris mee Hyldeburge" died the same day that "patris mei Haimonis" died "XVIII Kal Feb", and that he was ordained "XIV Kal Jan"[80]

Hamon & his wife had five children: 

1.         GERVAIS de Château-du-Loir (Château-du-Loir 2 Feb 1007-Reims 4 Jul 1067).  The Cartulaire of Château-du-Loir records the birth "Non Feb 1007" of "Gervasius apud Castrum Lidi"[81].  The Annales Sancti Dionyisii Remenses record the birth "IV Non Feb apud castrum Lidi" of "Gervasius"[82].  Brother of Robert according to Orderic Vitalis250.  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Château-du-LoirBishop of Le Mans 19 Dec 1036.  Archbishop of Reims 15 Oct 1055.  The Annales Sancti Dionyisii Remenses record the death in 1066 of "Gervasius archiepiscopus"[83].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1067 of “Gervasius archiepiscopus et Balduinus comes[84].  The death of Archbishop Gervasius "III Kal Jul" is recorded in the cartulary of Château-du-Loir[85]The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "IV Non Jul" of "Cenomannensium ecclesie antistes Gervasius, necnon etiam Remensium ecclesie post archiepiscopus"[86]The necrology of Reims records the death “V Non Jul” of “dominus Gervasius archiepiscopus” and his donation[87]

2.         ROBERT "Brochard" de Château-du-Loir (-30 Jun [1065/67]).  "Suavis miles" gave land to "senioris mei Gervasii" for the foundation of the priory of Saint-Jean-de-la-Motte by charter dated [1028/36], subscribed by "Gervasio fratribusque ipsius: Avisgaudo, Guillelmo, Roberto"[88]

-        see below

3.         AVESGAUD de Château-du-Loir"Suavis miles" gave land to "senioris mei Gervasii" for the foundation of the priory of Saint-Jean-de-la-Motte by charter dated [1028/36], subscribed by "Gervasio fratribusque ipsius: Avisgaudo, Guillelmo, Roberto"[89]

4.         GUILLAUME de Château-du-Loir"Suavis miles" gave land to "senioris mei Gervasii" for the foundation of the priory of Saint-Jean-de-la-Motte by charter dated [1028/36], subscribed by "Gervasio fratribusque ipsius: Avisgaudo, Guillelmo, Roberto"[90].  Gervais Bishop of Le Mans donated the course of the stream of Villedieu to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 25 Jun 1039, signed by "Gervasii presulis" and subscribed by "Guillelmi fratris eius, Raherii de Boloria"[91]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [HUGUES de Château-du-Loir"Herbertus…cum Gervasii episcopi, Hugo nomine" donated the church of Saint-Pierre des Ormes to the abbey of Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated [1056/60][92].  None of the recorded charters in which the sons of Robert, brother of Archbishop Gervais, are named record a son named Hugues.  In addition, no record has been found that the archbishop's sister Rotrude had a son named Hugues.  The archbishop's brother Guillaume appears to have survived later than the brother Avesgaud.  It is therefore probable that Hugues was the son of Guillaume, although there is no proof that this is the case.  The cartulary of Château-du-Loir refers to, but does not reproduce, an agreement between "Hugues le Long Seigneur de Château-du-Loir neveu de Gervais et son héritier" and the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme under which Hugues settled his dispute with the abbey concerning the ponds of Villedieu[93].  Although the original has not been checked, there must be some doubt about the accuracy of the document as there is no other record of "Hugues" being the successor of Gervais.  "Fulco de Matefelon" recognised rights of the monks of Saint-Serge d'Angers by charter dated [1090], witnessed by "Hugo de Castello Lidi"[94]m (1072 or before) ALEXANDRIE de Bouloire, daughter of --- de Bouloire & his wife ---.  The document naming "Hugues le Long Seigneur de Château-du-Loir neveu de Gervais et son héritier" specifies that he acted with his wife "Alexandrie fille d'un seigneur de Bouloire"[95].] 

5.         ROTRUDE de Château-du-Loir (-after [1050]).  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[96].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated to [1100] under which the monks of Angers Saint-Aubin recall the history of "ecclesiam de Comburniaco", seized by "Fulcho comes" [Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou] and given to "Hamelino de Castro Ledi", who granted it to "Widdoni de Valle cum filia sua in maritagio"[97].  If this report is correct, Rotrude must have married before [1030], the estimated date of death of her father.  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[98].  These charters confirm Rotrude´s first marriage, from which "Gualterius filius eius" was presumably born.  m firstly ---.  The name of Rotrude´s first husband is not known.  m secondly ([before 1030]) as his second wife, GUY [I] Seigneur de Laval, son of --- (-after 1064).  Rotrude & her first husband had one child: 

a)         GAUTHIER .  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[99]

 

 

ROBERT "Brochard", son of HAMON Seigneur d'Argentré & his wife Hildeburge de Bellême (-30 Jun, before [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068]).  He was granted the honour of Château-du-Loir by Geoffroy "le Barbu"[100].  The canons of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour relinquished vines to Abelin by charter dated [1051/62] naming "Herberto, Cinomannorum comite, cum fidelibus suis, Rotberto filio Hamelini"[101].  The absence of Robert from the list of those consenting to the donation of his son Gervais dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068] (see below) implies that he had predeceased the donation.  On the other hand, his son Gervais is named "Gervasium filium Roberti" in a charter dated 8 Mar 1071[102], which suggests that his father might then still have been alive.  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "II Kal Jul" of "Robertus filius Haimonis de Castrolidi"[103]

m ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-[1095]).  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[104]

Robert & his wife had four children: 

1.         GERVAIS [II] de Château-du-Loir ([1035/45][105]-[1095/97]).  Son of "Rodberti cognomento Brochardi" according to Orderic Vitalis[106].  "Gervais de Chasteau-du-Loir" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans for the health of his father Robert, Aymar his grandfather and archbishop Gervais his uncle by charter dated to [1055/65][107].  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[108].  He succeeded his uncle as Seigneur de Château-du-Loir.  "Domnus Gervasius" granted customs to “apud Sarciacum” to Château-du-Loir, at the request of “uxoris sue Garsendis”, by charter dated to [1095/97], subscribed by “Gervasius, Garsendis...[109]m firstly (before [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068]) EREMBURGE, daughter of --- & his wife Mathilde (-4 Jun [1085/95]).  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[110].  "Gervasius de Castello Lit et Eremburgis uxor ipsius" made a donation to Saint-Vincent by charter dated 2 Jun [1085/95] which declares that "Mathildis mater ipsius Eremburgis" was present and specifies that Eremburgis was on her death bed[111].  "Gener suus...Cenomanice civitatis Helyas" confirmed a donation made to Saint-Guingalois “in castro...Ledi fondato” by “supradicti castri dominum Gervasium” to Château-du-Loir on the death of “uxor sua Eremburgis” by charter dated to [1097], subscribed by “...Garsendis uxor eiusdem Gervasii...[112]m secondly GARSENDE, daughter of --- (-after [1097]).  "Domnus Gervasius" granted customs to “apud Sarciacum” to Château-du-Loir, at the request of “uxoris sue Garsendis”, by charter dated to [1095/97], subscribed by “Gervasius, Garsendis...[113].  "Gener suus...Cenomanice civitatis Helyas" confirmed a donation made to Saint-Guingalois “in castro...Ledi fondato” by “supradicti castri dominum Gervasium” to Château-du-Loir on the death of “uxor sua Eremburgis” by charter dated to [1097], subscribed by “...Garsendis uxor eiusdem Gervasii...[114].  Gervais [II] & his first wife had one child:

a)         MATHILDE de Château-du-Loir (-[10/25] Mar 1099)Orderic Vitalis names "Mathildem filiam Gervasii…qui Rodeberti Brochardi filius fuit" as wife of Helias[115].  The same source records that her dowry consisted of the castles of Château-du-Loir, Mayet, Lucé-le-Grand and Outillé[116].  "Comes Helyas qui totius patrie dominus est" donated property “quia de patrimonio uxoris sue Mahildis fuit, etenim Elisabeth, matris Gervasii, patris Mahildis, conjugis sue” to Château-du-Loir by charter dated to [1095][117].  "Helias comes Cenomanensis" donated his chapel at the foot of la Tour de Château-du-Loir to Saint-Guingalois for the soul of "uxoris suæ Mathildis, ante paucos dies defunctæ" by charter dated 27 Mar 1099[118]m ([1090]) as his first wife, HELIE de la Flèche, son of JEAN de la Flèche & his wife Paule du Maine (-11 Jul 1110).  He succeeded in 1093 as Comte du Maine

2.         ADAM de Château-du-Loir (-after [1090/96]).  The monks of Saint-Aubin relate the claim by "Adam filius Rotberti de Castro Ledi, nepos Gervasii archiepiscopi" against the church of Bousse by charter dated [1060/67] also naming "Rotbertus frater Adam"[119].  "Gervasii de Castello Lid et Adam fratris eius" witnessed a charter dated [1090/96] between Guillaume de Braitel and the monks of Saint-Vincent[120].  "De baronibus Andegavensibus: Rainaldus de Castro Gunterii, Gosfridus Rorgonis, Paganus de Mirebello, Adam de Castello Ledi, Robertus Vestrollus, Fulco de Matefelon" are named as present in the charter dated 1095 which records a judgment by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d´Anjou which confirms the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers in its possession "du domaine de Pitrate, près Angers"[121]m ---.  The name of Adam's wife is not known.  Adam & his wife had one child: 

a)         HAMELIN de Château-du-Loir (-27 Nov ----).  "Adam de Castro Leli" donated part of the church of Parné to the church of Saint-Nicholas d'Angers with the consent of "filius eius Hamelinus" by charter dated [1080/94][122]The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "V Kal Dec" of "Hamelinus nepos Gervasii de Castrolidi"[123]same person as…?  HAMELIN .  Although there is no proof that this is the correct affiliation, his naming his son Adam suggests co-identity with Hamelin de Château-du-Loir, especially as other members of this family are commemorated in the same source.  m [as her second husband,] GERSENDE, [widow of --- Comte,] daughter of [--- Comte de ---] & his wife ---.  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "Kal Mai " of "Adam filius Hamelini et Gersendis comitissa"[124].  This suggests that Gersende may have been born in a comital family, or was the widow of a count, although in neither case has the family in question been identified.  Hamelin & his wife had one child: 

i)          ADAM de Château-du-Loir (-1 May ----).  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "Kal Mai" of "Adam filius Hamelini et Gersendis comitissa"[125]

3.         GERVAIS de Château-du-Loir (-after 1090).  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[126].  Canon at Saint-Martin d'Angers [1085].  "Quemdam nobilem juvenem, Gervasium nomine, nepotem illius…Gervasii ejusdem ecclesie quondam episcopi" was installed as deacon of the church of Le Mans dated [1083/90][127].  The reference to "juvenem" suggests a birth date much later than the [1035/45] estimated birth date of the elder Gervais son of Robert.  "Guiscelin" abandoned his claim to Chémon by charter dated [1085] which names "Gervasius de Castro Ledi et Gervasius frater eius, canonicus Sancti Martini, Adam frater eorum, Helisabeth mater eorum"[128]

4.         ROBERT de Château-du-Loir (-after [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068]).  The monks of Saint-Aubin relate the claim by "Adam filius Rotberti de Castro Ledi, nepos Gervasii archiepiscopi" against the church of Bousse by charter dated [1060/67] also naming "Rotbertus frater Adam"[129].  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[130]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    SEIGNEURS de CONNERRE

 

 

The edition of the cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans which has been consulted states that the castle of Connerré was located in the place now named l´Ile de la Motte, adjaced to the river Conanson, and in another passage that it was the fief of Rotrou de Montfort, son of Rotrou de Châteaudun Comte de Mortagne et de Perche (see NORMANDY NOBILITY)[131]

 

 

1.         FULCOm ---.  The name of Fulco´s wife is not known.  Fulco & his wife had one child: 

a)         AVESGAUD de Connerré (-after 1 May 1103).  "Avesgaudus filius Fulcaudi" donated "ecclesia Sancti Simphoriani et Sancte Marie de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated 1 May 1103, which names "uxor mea Brita…et Robertus de Sancto Celerino gener meus…filia…mea Felicia ipsius Roberti uxor"[132]m BRITA, daughter of --- (-after [1110]).  "Avesgaudus filius Fulcaudi" donated "ecclesia Sancti Simphoriani et Sancte Marie de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated 1 May 1103, which names "uxor mea Brita…et Robertus de Sancto Celerino gener meus…filia…mea Felicia ipsius Roberti uxor"[133].  A charter dated to [1110] confirms the donation by "Robertus, Giroi filius" of revenue at "Conedrarium", donated by "Avesgaudus socer eius" when he became a monk, to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Britta uxor…dicti Avesgaudi et Felicia filia eorum, uxor prefati Roberti"[134].  A charter dated to [1110] records the donation by "Avesgaudum de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "domnum Rotrochum cum uxore sua…Lucia et quatuor filiis suis", signed by "Rotroco, Lucia uxore eius, Hugone filio eius majore, Rotrocho secundo, Fulcoio tertio, Gilduino quarto, Hugone de Montibus…"[135].  Avesgaud & his wife had one child: 

i)          FELICIE de Connerré (-after [1110]).  "Avesgaudus filius Fulcaudi" donated "ecclesia Sancti Simphoriani et Sancte Marie de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated 1 May 1103, which names "uxor mea Brita…et Robertus de Sancto Celerino gener meus…filia…mea Felicia ipsius Roberti uxor"[136]Orderic Vitalis records that "Geroianus" married "Feliciam…Guarnerii de Coneraia filiam" as his second wife and had three sons "Guillelmum…et Rodbertum ac Matthæum" and three daughters "Agatham, Damatam et Avelinam"[137]A charter dated to [1110] confirms the donation by "Robertus, Giroi filius" of revenue at "Conedrarium", donated by "Avesgaudus socer eius" when he became a monk, to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Britta uxor…dicti Avesgaudi et Felicia filia eorum, uxor prefati Roberti"[138]m (after 1092) as his second wife, ROBERT, son of ROBERT [Giroie] & his wife Adelaide --- (-after Jun 1119). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    SEIGNEURS de la GUERCHE

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         JEAN de la Guerche (-before [1080]).  A charter dated to [1050] records that "Johanne de Guirchia" had bought "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo", witnessed by "…Hamelini de Guerchia…"[139].  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "Johannes de Guirchia, Gunherius frater eius, Savaricus filius vicecomitis Radulfi…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[140]m firstly GUIBURGIS, daughter of ---.  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80][141]m secondly EMMA, daughter of ---.  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80][142]Mistress (1): --- "Normanna", daughter of ---.  She is referred to in the source quoted below as the mother of Jean´s son Roger.  It is assumed that "Normanna" is a reference to her origin not her name.  Jean & his [first] wife had six children: 

a)         HERBERT de la Guerche .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[143].  "Herbertus de Wirchia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "patris sui", and made a further donation of money and of "ecclesiam de Maceriis" previously donated by "Robertus de Sordonico" for the soul of "Herberti Extensi", by charter dated to [1080][144].  "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…Wiscelini de Vallibus"[145].  A charter dated to [1093] records a dispute between "Herbertus [de Wirchia]" and the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, relating to a donation by "predictus Herbertus" for the soul of "Guherio avunculo suo", the dating clause referring to the year in which "Longobardus…Helie comiti" sold "Cenomannicum comitatum"[146].  A charter dated to [1118/26] records that “Herbertum de Wircha generum Goffirdi de Asceio” confirmed the donation of the church of Saint-Médard de Vernie to Angers Saint-Nicolas by “Goffridus de Asceio et uxor sua filia Willelmi de Verneia”, with the consent of “Juliana uxor Herberti filia Goffridi de Asceio[147]m ([1100]) JULIENNE d´Assé, daughter of GEOFFROY d´Assé & his wife --- de Vernay.  A charter dated to [1100] records the arrangements for the marriage of “Gaufridum de Asceio...Juliana filia sua” and “Herbertum de Wircha[148].  A charter dated to [1118/26] records that “Herbertum de Wircha generum Goffirdi de Asceio” confirmed the donation of the church of Saint-Médard de Vernie to Angers Saint-Nicolas by “Goffridus de Asceio et uxor sua filia Willelmi de Verneia”, with the consent of “Juliana uxor Herberti filia Goffridi de Asceio[149]

b)         HUGUES (-[before 1080]).  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[150].  The absence of Hugues from the charter of his uncle Gonthier, dated to [1080/93], suggests that he had predeceased his father. 

c)         GUY .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[151].  "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…Wiscelini de Vallibus"[152]

d)         AGNES .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[153]m SALOMON de Fréteval, son of ---. 

e)         FREMBURGIS .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[154]

f)          GUIBURGIS .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[155]

Jean had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

g)         ROGER .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[156]

2.         GONTHIER (-before [1090]).  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "Johannes de Guirchia, Gunherius frater eius…"[157].  Seigneur de Souligné-sous-Ballon: "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…Wiscelini de Vallibus"[158].  A charter dated to [1093] records a dispute between "Herbertus [de Wirchia]" and the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, relating to a donation by "predictus Herbertus" for the soul of "Guherio avunculo suo"[159]m DOMELA, daughter of ---.  "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…"[160]

 

 

1.         GOSFRED de la Guerche (-after 1 Jul 1077).  "Gosfredus de Wirchia…uxorisque meæ Aluevæ" founded Monks Kirby priory and donated it to Angers Saint-Nicolas by charter dated 1 Jul 1077 “Ivo filius Hugonis de Grentismaisnilo…Robertus Burdet…[161]m ALVEVA, daughter of --- (-after 1 Jul 1077).  "Gosfredus de Wirchia…uxorisque meæ Aluevæ" founded Monks Kirby priory and donated it to Angers Saint-Nicolas by charter dated 1 Jul 1077 “Ivo filius Hugonis de Grentismaisnilo…Robertus Burdet…[162]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         LANDRY de la Guerchem ---, sister of ROBERT [Rufus], daughter of --- (-after [1078/83]).  "Miles Ebrardus Rufus…et Hamelino fratre eius" donated revenue from "terra…Osinium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Robertus…frater…Ebrardi et soror sua, uxor Landrici de Wirchia, Hugo filius eius" by charter dated to [1078/83], witnessed by "…Aldrandus de Wirchia…"[163].  Landry & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGUES .  "Miles Ebrardus Rufus…et Hamelino fratre eius" donated revenue from "terra…Osinium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Robertus…frater…Ebrardi et soror sua, uxor Landrici de Wirchia, Hugo filius eius" by charter dated to [1078/83][164]

2.         ALERAN de la Guerche .  "Miles Ebrardus Rufus…et Hamelino fratre eius" donated revenue from "terra…Osinium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Robertus…frater…Ebrardi et soror sua, uxor Landrici de Wirchia, Hugo filius eius" by charter dated to [1078/83], witnessed by "…Aldrandus de Wirchia…"[165]

 

 

How the seigneurie de la Guerche was transferred to Gosbert de Preuilly has not been traced. 

 

GOSBERT de Preuilly dit de la Guerche, son of PIERRE [I] de Preuilly Seigneur de Preuilly [Vendôme] & his wife --- (-[1204/05])Seigneur de la Guerche et du Bouchet {le Bouchet, paroisse de Crucheray}.  "Gosbertus de Boschet" donated property to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme for his anniversary, with the consent of "uxoris mee Aaliz et Johanne filie mee", by charter dated to end-12th century[166].  “Petrus de Monterabei” donated revenue “in pedagio Roche” to Merci-Dieu abbey, with the consent of “Josbertus de Guerchia frater meus, Aanor uxor mea, filii mei Eschivardus et Gaufridus”, by charter dated 1201[167].  “Eschivardus de Pruliaco” confirmed the donation made to Merci-Dieu by “pater meus Petrus de Monte-Rabei”, with the consent of “...Gaufrido fratre meo”, by charter dated 1204[168]

m ([1148] or before) ADELA, daughter of BARTHELEMY [de Vendôme] & his wife --- (-after 1194).  A charter dated to [1148] records that the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme claimed a serf from "Bartolomeus" and, after his death while on Crusade, from "filia sua Josberto de Boschet…desponsata", by charter dated 1147[169].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][170].  "Domina Aales uxor avi mea et domina Johanna mater mea" consented to the donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteaudun by charter dated 1194[171].  That "domina Aales uxor avi mea" was the wife of Gosbert de Preuilly is confirmed by the charter dated 1212 under which "G comes Castriduni et A uxor mea" donated property to the abbey of Bécheron in which he names "dominus Jobertus de Guerchia avus meus et Johanna mater mea filia ipsius, comitissa d'Alençon"[172].  "Gosbertus de Boschet" donated property to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme for his anniversary, with the consent of "uxoris mee Aaliz et Johanne filie mee", by charter dated to end-12th century[173]

Gosbert & his wife had one child: 

1.         JEANNE de Preuilly (-before Sep 1201).  "Gosbertus de Boschet" donated property to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme for his anniversary, with the consent of "uxoris mee Aaliz et Johanne filie mee", by charter dated to end-12th century[174].  "Hugo Castriduni vicecomes" sold "terram nemoris Vindocinensis...inter Romilliacum et Calviniacum" to Marmoutier, with the consent of “Johannes de Lavardin, Gaufridus de Lavardin, Hugo de Sancto Agilo, Dometa uxor eius et filius ipsius, Gaufredus Vogrin, Ursio de Fracta Valle et Nevelo filius eius et eorum uxores et liberi...eorum...Johanna vicecomitissa uxor mea et Gaufredus filius noster”, by charter dated to [1175/84][175].  "G comes Castriduni et A uxor mea" donated property to the abbey of Bécheron by charter dated 1212 in which he names "dominus Jobertus de Guerchia avus meus et Johanna mater mea filia ipsius, comitissa d'Alençon"[176].  "Domina Aales uxor avi mea et domina Johanna mater mea" consented to the donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteaudun by charter dated 1194[177].  "G comes Castriduni et A uxor mea" donated property to the abbey of Bécheron by charter dated 1212 in which he names "dominus Jobertus de Guerchia avus meus et Johanna mater mea filia ipsius, comitissa d'Alençon"[178].  A manuscript genealogy of the Lords of Beaumont records the marriage of “Robertum comitem Alencheii” and “Joanna…filia domini Josberti de Guirchia[179].  A charter dated Dec 1221 (error for before Sep 1201) of "Arturus dux Britannie comes Andegavensis, Cenomanensis et Richemontis" confirmed donations made to Perseigne abbey, including a donation made by "Johanna pie recordationis quondam comitissa de Alenchone et domina de Bocheto", witnessed by "domina Constancia matre mea…"[180]m firstly HUGUES [V] "Callidus" Vicomte de Châteaudun, son of HUGUES [IV] Vicomte de Châteaudun & his wife Marguerite de Saint-Calais (-1191).  m secondly (before 1215) as his second wife, ROBERT [III] Comte d'Alençon, son of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix du Maine (-Mortevieille 8 Sep 1217, bur Abbaye de Perseigne). 

 

 

Four siblings, parents not known: 

1.         NIVELON de la Guerche (-after Jan 1210).  "Nevelo de Guerchia miles" sold revenue in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "sororibus meis Heloyse et Juliana", by charter dated Jan 1210[181]

2.         HELOISE (-after Mar 1241).  "Nevelo de Guerchia miles" sold revenue in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "sororibus meis Heloyse et Juliana", by charter dated Jan 1210[182].  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "...sororibus suis Juliana et Heloysi, Gaufrido de Arrois milite marito dicte Heloysis, Radulpho et Willelmo supradicte Juliane filiis, Johanne de Tochis et Heloysi uxore sua, Petro de Riparia milite et Matilidi uxore sua", by charter dated Mar 1241[183]m GEOFFROY de Arrois, son of --- (-after Mar 1241). 

3.         JULIANE (-after Mar 1241).  "Nevelo de Guerchia miles" sold revenue in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "sororibus meis Heloyse et Juliana", by charter dated Jan 1210[184].  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "...sororibus suis Juliana et Heloysi, Gaufrido de Arrois milite marito dicte Heloysis, Radulpho et Willelmo supradicte Juliane filiis, Johanne de Tochis et Heloysi uxore sua, Petro de Riparia milite et Matilidi uxore sua", by charter dated Mar 1241[185]m ---. 

4.         HERBERT de la Guerche [de Fresnaye] (-[1250/May 1259]).  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania, sororibus suis Juliana et Heloysi, Gaufrido de Arrois milite marito dicte Heloysis, Radulpho et Willelmo supradicte Juliane filiis, Johanne de Tochis et Heloysi uxore sua, Petro de Riparia milite et Matilidi uxore sua", by charter dated Mar 1241[186].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[187].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[188].  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles" sold revenue to Châteaudun La Madeleine by charter dated 1250[189]m MATHILDE, daughter of --- (-after Mar 1247).  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[190].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[191].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[192].  Herbert & his wife had seven children: 

a)         NIVELON .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[193].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[194].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[195]

b)         HERBERT .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[196].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[197].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[198]

c)         JEAN .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[199]

d)         PIERRE .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[200].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[201].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[202]

e)         HELOISE (-after May 1259).  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[203].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[204].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[205].  "Heloisis quondam filia defuncti Haberti de Fresneio quondam militis, relicta defuncti Radulphi Desridereit dicti Monachi" sold revenue from property held from “Nevelone de Fresneio fratre suo” to Châteaudun La Madeleine, with the consent of “Guillotus filius eiusdem Heloisis”, by charter dated May 1259[206]m RAOUL Desrée, son of --- (-before May 1259). 

f)          EREMBURGE .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[207].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[208].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[209]

g)         TIPHAINE .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[210].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[211].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[212]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    SEIGNEURS de LAVAL

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de LAVAL

 

 

The castle of Laval was situated on the banks of the river Mayenne and was constructed by Guy [I] Seigneur de Laval, as shown by two charters which describe him as "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor"[213], who was a vassal of the comtes du Maine.  No indication has been found about his parentage or origin.  Broussillon suggests that he must have taken possession of Laval in [1020][214]

 

The genealogy of the first dynasty of seigneurs de Laval has been the subject of much confusion over the years.  The main problem in reconstructing the family is that six out of the seven early seigneurs de Laval were named Guy, five of whom succeeded in a direct line from father to son.  This makes it harder to identify the specific person to whom undated primary sources relate.  Some early secondary sources misinterpreted the sources and incorrectly concluded that there were seven seigneurs de Laval named Guy, instead of six.  This introduced a hypothetical additional generation into the genealogy which caused a great deal of confusion.  Broussillon appears to have been the first author to find his way accurately through the maze[215].  His structure provides the basis for the reconstruction set out below, with some minor modifications and additions.  The primary sources which Broussillon collected do provide sufficiently accurate information to assert that this reconstruction is definitive and that there were only six seigneurs de Laval named Guy.  However, even Broussillon was confused about the numbering of the seigneurs de Laval.  The difficulty is that Guy [IV] described himself as "Guido quintus" in a charter dated to [1150] under which he donated profits from a fair to the Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem[216].  At first sight this suggests that there must have been four earlier seigneurs de Laval named Guy.  The solution to the difficulty is found in one of the charters of his son Guy [V] who is called "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" in his donation to Olivet priory dated to [1205][217].  The appropriate translation of this phrase is (adding punctuation) "Guy, sixth lord of Laval" not "Guy the sixth, lord of Laval".  The former is an accurate description of him when we remember that Hamon Seigneur de Laval, son of Guy [I], was the second sire de Laval.  It is reasonable therefore to assume that the reference to “Guido quintus” represents a contraction of the complete phrase “Guido dominus quintus de Lavalle”.  It is suggested that the Laval family in England descended from Hugues, son of Hamon Seigneur de Laval. 

 

The first dynasty of seigneurs de Laval became extinct in the male line on the death in 1211 of Guy [VI].  The castle passed to his sister Emma and to her children by her second husband Mathieu [II] Seigneur de Montmorency (who was constable of France). 

 

 

1.         GUY [I] de Laval ([980/90]-before 26 Feb 1062)Seigneur de Laval"Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[218].  The date of this charter is open to doubt, particularly because two of the known children of Guy´s grandson Guy [II] must have been born in the last decade of the 11th century.  In addition, Guy [I] himself would have been unusually old when he died if he already had grandchildren in 1039.  "…Guidonis de Valle filiorumque suorum Johannis et Hamonis" consented to a donation by "Fulcodius" to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1040][219].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][220].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[221].  The date of his death is set by the charter dated 26 Feb 1062, witnessed by "…Haimo de Lavalle…", which records an agreement of confraternity between Saint-Maurice d´Angers and La Trinité de Vendôme[222].  Guillaume II Duke of Normandy settled a claim in favour of the monks of Marmoutier relating to property donated by "Guido de Valle" by charter dated 1064, which names "Iohannem monachum filium suum" and is witnessed by "…Hamo de Valle filius Guidonis…"[223].  This document does not state that Guy was alive at that date.  m firstly ([1010/15]) BERTHE de Tosny, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated [Sep/14 Oct] 1055 under which the monks of Marmoutier record the donations by "quemdam militem…Johannem pagi Cenomannensis indigenum, Widonis de Valle filium" of property "in Normannia, territorio Vilcassino…ecclesiam in villa…Guarniacus…juxta fluvium Eptæ" which "Wido pater eorum" accepted from "uxore sua Berta, Johannis et Haimonis matre"[224].  Her connection with the Tosny family is confirmed by the charter dated 1063 which records the consent given by "Rotbertum de Toeniaco, avunculum domni Johanni monachi nostri, filii Widonis de Valle" to the donations by the latter to Marmoutier, authorised by "Berengerius filius eius"[225].  The remaining question is the identity of her father.  The date of her marriage is estimated from the charter dated 11 Nov 1039 in which her two grandsons are named (see above)[226].  If this document is correctly dated (and this is open to doubt as discussed further above), Berthe could not have been the daughter of Roger [I] de Conches.  There are two other possibilities.  Either she was the daughter of Raoul [II] de Tosny or she was related to Robert de Tosny, who was Lord of Belvoir in 1086 and whose precise relationship with the main Tosny family has not been ascertained.  m secondly (before [1030]) as her second husband, ROTRUDE de Château-du-Loir, widow of ---, daughter of HAMON Seigneur d'Argentré & his wife Hildeburge de Bellême (-after [1050]).  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[227].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated to [1100] under which the monks of Angers Saint-Aubin recall the history of "ecclesiam de Comburniaco", seized by "Fulcho comes" [Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou] and given to "Hamelino de Castro Ledi", who granted it to "Widdoni de Valle cum filia sua in maritagio"[228].  If this report is correct, Rotrude must have married before [1030], the estimated date of death of her father.  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[229].  These charters confirm Rotrude´s first marriage, from which "Gualterius filius eius" was presumably born.  Guy [I] & his first wife had five children: 

a)         JEAN de Laval (before [1025/26]-).  "…Guidonis de Valle filiorumque suorum Johannis et Hamonis" consented to a donation by "Fulcodius" to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1040][230].  Monk at Marmoutier.  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][231].  The monks of Marmoutier record the donations by "quemdam militem…Johannem pagi Cenomannensis indigenum, Widonis de Valle filium" of property "in Normannia, territorio Vilcassino…ecclesiam in villa…Guarniacus…juxta fluvium Eptæ" which "Wido pater eorum" accepted from "uxore sua Berta, Johannis et Haimonis matre", by charter dated [Sep/14 Oct] 1055, which also records that Jean became a monk at Marmoutier when aged 29[232].  [1070]. 

b)         HAMON de Laval (-[1076/85], bur Marmoutier).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[233].  "…Guidonis de Valle filiorumque suorum Johannis et Hamonis" consented to a donation by "Fulcodius" to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1040][234]Seigneur de Laval.  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][235].  "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, at the request of "suarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline", with the consent of "uxore…sua Hersende", by undated charter[236].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[237].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[238].  "…Haimo de Lavalle…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Feb 1062 which records an agreement of confraternity between Saint-Maurice d´Angers and La Trinité de Vendôme[239].  "…Hamo de Valle filius Guidonis…" witnessed the charter dated 1064 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy settled a claim in favour of the monks of Marmoutier relating to property donated by "Guido de Valle"[240].  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][241]m (before [1035]) HERSENDE, daughter of --- (-before Mar 1095).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[242].  "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, at the request of "suarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline", with the consent of "uxore…sua Hersende", by undated charter[243].  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][244].  "Guy II et sa mère Hersende" assented to the donation of property to Ronceray by "Foulques du Bignon", by charter dated to [1085][245].  His place of burial is confirmed by the charter dated 1090 which records that "Guido junior" succeeded "in paternum…honorem" on the death of "Haimonis senioris de Valle Guidonis" and that when, after some time, "supradicti domni Guidonis conjugem" died, he granted further rights to Marmoutier when she was buried "juxta patrem suum Haimonem"[246].  Hamon & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUY [II] de Laval (before [1037/38]-after 1105, bur Marmoutier).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[247].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Laval

-         see below

ii)         HUGUES [I] de Laval (before 11 Nov 1039-after [1093]).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[248].  The date of this charter is open to doubt.  The brothers Guy [II] and Hugues are recorded well into the 12th century and two of the known children of Guy [II] must have been born in the last decade of the 11th century.  If the date of the charter is correct, both Guy [II] and Hugues would have been unusually old when they died.  An undated charter records that "Guido de Lavalle" succeeded to "honore patris sui Hamonis post mortem eius" and confirmed his father´s donations to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the consent of "uxor…Dionisia…Hugone fratre predicti Guidonis…"[249].  A charter dated to [1080/90] records that "Guidone de Valle" sold "boscum…Monduluet" to "domnus Rivallonus monachus" at Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hugo frater eius…et Dionisia uxor eius"[250]"Patricius de Cadurcis" donated property to the abbey of La Couture by charter dated to [1085/97], in the presence of "…Hugone de Lavalle…"[251].  A charter dated to [1093/1110] records that "Guido filius Hamonis…et eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius…Guido" donated property to Marmoutier when "fratrem suum Hugonem" appeared to be dying, and a later donation by "Guido filius eius et Secilia uxor illius et Hugo frater illius"[252]

c)         HILDESINDE de Laval .  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][253].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[254].  "Guido senex" donated property to "sue filie Odeline viduate", later confirmed by "Hamo frater eius"[255].  The nuns of Ronceray recorded that "Odeline fille de Guy I" had donated her dowry to the convent and become a nun when she was widowed, by charter dated to [1065/80][256].  "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, at the request of "suarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline", with the consent of "uxore…sua Hersende", by undated charter[257].  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][258].  "Domna Hildelina" donated property "in castello Vallis" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "domnus Haimo et uxor eius et filius eius", by undated charter in the presence of "domnus Lisiardus de Arquiniaco, Garinus de S. Bertevino"[259]m --- (-before 1062).  The name of Hildesinde´s husband is not known, but he predeceased his father-in-law as shown by the charter quoted above. 

d)         AGNES de Laval .  "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, at the request of "suarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline", with the consent of "uxore…sua Hersende", by undated charter[260].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][261].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[262].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[263].  Nun at Ronceray.  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][264]

e)         HILDEBURGIS de Laval .  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][265].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[266]

Guy [I] & his second wife had two children: 

f)          GUY de Laval (-after 11 Mar 1067).  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][267].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[268].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[269].  The naming of "Guido et Gervasius" in this last charter after their sisters suggests that they were not born from the same marriage of their father.  "…Guy de Laval…" witnessed the charter dated 11 Mar 1067 which the repossession of Saint-Florent de Saumur by its monks[270]

g)         GERVAIS de Laval .  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][271].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[272].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[273].  The naming of "Guido et Gervasius" in this last charter after their sisters suggests that they were not born from the same marriage of their father. 

 

 

1.         HUGUES [II] de Laval (-before 1130).  The chronology suggests that there must have been two persons named Hugues de Laval in the late-11th and early 12th centuries.  Hugues de Laval (named Hugues [I] de Laval, above), son of Hamon Seigneur de Laval, is named in a charter dated 11 Nov 1039.  It is therefore extremely unlikely that he could have been the same person as Hugues [II] de Laval whose death is dated to before 1130.  It is possible that Hugues [II] was the son of Hugues [I].  An undated charter, dated to the early 12th century, under which the nuns of Ronceray confirmed an agreement, is witnessed by "Hugues de Laval, qui nunc dominium tenebat"[274], which suggests that Hugues acted as regent during the minority of Guy [III] Seigneur de Laval.  "Juhellus Goualterii filius, dominus castelli Meduanæ…matre mea Adelina et sorore Felicia" organised the transfer of the monks of Saint-Martin to Mayenne castle, for the souls of "Gaufredi…avi mei et Gualterii patris mei…Hamelini fratris mei", by undated charter witnessed by "…milites ex parte Juhelli: Hugo de Lavalle…"[275].  This charter is dated to 1144 in the compilation, although the date does not appear in the text.  It is more likely dateable to the early 1120s.  "Hugo de la Val" confirmed the donation by "Robertus de Laceio tempore regis Willilmi secundi" and added his own donation to Pontefract abbey, for the salvation of "conjugis meæ et liberorum meorum", by charter dated to [1121/29][276].  According to Dugdale´s Monasticon, Henry I King of England granted Pontefract castle to "Hugo de la Val" after Robert de Lacy was banished, and "Empress" Matilda restored the castle to Robert´s son, so dated to the early 1140s[277].  If Robert de Lacy´s death is correctly estimated to [1093/99] (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBLITY), his banishment must have occurred during the reign of King William II.  The timing of King Henry I´s granted to Hugues de Laval is therefore uncertain.  m as her first husband, DAMETA, daughter of --- (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll names "Wido de Laval" followed immediately by "Willo Maltverso" in Northumberland, and in another passage records that "Wills Maltvers" owed money to the king for "uxore Hug de Laval" and for the latter´s land[278].  The 1130 Pipe Roll names "Damete" in Oxfordshire[279].  She married secondly (1129) William Maltravers"Willelmus Maltravers" donated property to Pontefract abbey, with the consent of "uxore mea Dalmeta", by charter dated to [1130/36][280].  Hugues & his wife had [two or more] children: 

-        ENGLISH UNTITLED NOBILITY - LAVAL

 

 

GUY [II] de Laval, son of HAMON Seigneur de Laval & his wife Hersende --- (before [1037/38]-after 1105, bur Marmoutier).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[281].  The date of this charter is open to doubt.  The brothers Guy [II] and Hugues are recorded well into the 12th century and two of the known children of Guy [II] must have been born in the last decade of the 11th century.  If the date of the charter is correct, both Guy [II] and Hugues would have been unusually old when they died.  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][282].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Laval.  An undated charter records that "Guido de Lavalle" succeeded to "honore patris sui Hamonis post mortem eius" and confirmed his father´s donations to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the consent of "uxor…Dionisia…Hugone fratre predicti Guidonis…"[283].  "Guy II et sa mère Hersende" assented to the donation of property to Ronceray by "Foulques du Bignon", by charter dated to [1085][284].  A charter dated to [1080/90] records that "Guidone de Valle" sold "boscum…Monduluet" to "domnus Rivallonus monachus" at Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hugo frater eius…et Dionisia uxor eius"[285].  A charter dated 1090 records that "Guido junior" succeeded "in paternum…honorem" on the death of "Haimonis senioris de Valle Guidonis" and that when, after some time, "supradicti domni Guidonis conjugem" died, he granted further rights to Marmoutier when she was buried "juxta patrem suum Haimonem"[286].  A charter dated [10/16] Mar 1095 recalls donations to Montmajour by "Hamo dominus Latævallis" amd that "filius eius Guido, succedens patri suo in honorem" refused to ratify these donations until Pope Urban II arrived "ad concilium Turonense"[287].  Pope Urban is recorded in Tours in early Mar 1096 (N.S.) from where he addressed letters dated 4, 14, 20, 21 and 24 Mar 1096[288].  An undated charter records the lifting of the sentence of excommunication against "Guy fils de Hamon", imposed for the fire of the church of Gennes, in the presence among others of Renaud Bishop of Angers [appointed in 1102][289].  A charter dated to 1 Dec [1104/1111] records that "Guy de Laval et Hugues son frère" arbitered an agreement between the abbess of Ronceray and "Guérin de Saint-Berthvin"[290].  "Mauricius dominus castelli…Credonum" was condemned to repair the damage he caused to La Trinité de Vendôme "uxor eius domna Mathildis", by charter dated 1105, which names "Goffridus…Vindocinensis abbas…consanguineus Mauricii", and is signed by "Mauricius dominus Credonis, Robertus frater eius…Guido de Lavalle…"[291].  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[292].  Assuming that the hypothesis concerning Guy [II]´s supposed daughter, wife of Raoul [VII] Vicomte du Maine, is correct as shown below, it is probable that Guy [II] died before her marriage.  The marriage is recorded as having taken place in 1095 and the bride described as "sororem Widonis de Valle", suggesting that her father was deceased at the time.  However, the charter itself is undated and it is not clear from the text how much time may have passed between the marriage and the date the charter was written.  It is possible, therefore, that her father was alive when she married, but died soon afterwards.   

[m firstly ---.  No direct evidence has been found of this supposed first marriage of Guy [II].  However, Guy´s estimated birth date suggests that it is unlikely that Denise de Mortain, whose birth is most likely dated to [1065/70] considering the general chronology of her family, was his first wife.] 

m [secondly] ([1085]) DENISE de Mortain, daughter of ROBERT Comte de Mortain & his first wife Mathilde de Montgommery ([1065/70]-1090, bur Marmoutier).  Robert of Torigny names "unum filium Guillermum et tres filias" as the children of "Robertus comes Moritonii uterinus frater Willermi regis", specifying that one unnamed daughter (mentioned second) married "Guido de Laval"[293].  An undated charter records that "Guido de Lavalle" succeeded to "honore patris sui Hamonis post mortem eius" and confirmed his father´s donations to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the consent of "uxor…Dionisia…Hugone fratre predicti Guidonis…"[294].  A charter dated to [1080/90] records that "Guidone de Valle" sold "boscum…Monduluet" to "domnus Rivallonus monachus" at Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hugo frater eius…et Dionisia uxor eius"[295].  "Guido de Lavalle" donated the priory of Parné to the church of Saint-Nicholas d'Angers "pro salute sua et uxoris sue Dionisie" by charter dated [1080/90][296].  A charter dated 1090 records that "Guido junior" succeeded "in paternum…honorem" on the death of "Haimonis senioris de Valle Guidonis" and that when, after some time, "supradicti domni Guidonis conjugem" died, he granted further rights to Marmoutier when she was buried "juxta patrem suum Haimonem"[297]

m [thirdly] (after 1090) CECILE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [1093/1110] records that "Guido filius Hamonis…et eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius…Guido" donated property to Marmoutier when "fratrem suum Hugonem" appeared to be dying, and a later donation by "Guido filius eius et Secilia uxor illius et Hugo frater illius"[298].  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[299].  "Cécile épouse de Guy" witnessed the charter dated to [1093/1110] under which the nuns of Ronceray recorded a donation and the judgment of "Guy" which enabled them to retain possession[300]

Guy [II] & his [first/second] wife had [one child]: 

1.         [daughter .  A charter of the monks of Saint-Vincent du Mans dated 24 May 1095 records the donation by "bonæ memoriæ Huberti vicecomitis…filius…Radulfus", adding that this was the year in which he married "sororem Widonis de Valle"[301].  In that year Guy [II] is recorded as sire de Laval.  However, he would then have been too old to have had a sister of marriageable age, assuming that the 11 Nov 1039 charter in which he is named is correctly dated.  It is therefore more likely that the wife of Raoul [VII] Vicomte du Maine was the daughter not sister of Guy [II].  It is also possible that the charter in question was written later than 1095.  If that is correct, Guy [III] may by then have been sire de Laval and Raoul´s wife could have been described as "sororem Widonis de Valle" to indicate the current sire de Laval rather than the sire de Laval when she married.  If Raoul´s wife was the daughter of Guy [II], she must have been born from either his first or second marriage.  m (1095) RAOUL [VI] Vicomte du Maine, son of HUBERT Vicomte du Maine et de Beaumont & his wife Ermengarde de Nevers (-14 Jan [1120/25], bur Etival).] 

Guy [II] & his third wife had [four] children: 

2.         GUY [III] de Laval ([1092/1100]-[1130/42]).  A charter dated to [1093/1110] records that "Guido filius Hamonis…et eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius…Guido" donated property to Marmoutier when "fratrem suum Hugonem" appeared to be dying, and a later donation by "Guido filius eius et Secilia uxor illius et Hugo frater illius"[302].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Laval

-        see below

3.         GERVAIS de Laval (-after 1142).  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[303].  A charter dated 1142 confirms the foundation of the priory of Plessis-Milcent by "Guido de Lavalle" and completed after his death by "filius eius Guido", with the consent of "matre sua Ama et Gervasio avunculo suo"[304]

4.         AGNES de Laval (-[after 1140]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a letter from "Hildebertus…Turonum minister" to Pope Honorius II, dated [14 Apr] 1129, relating to canonical difficulties relating to the marriage of "Hugonis de Credone et Agnetis uxoris suæ" which names "ipsa Agnes…et…Guidonem de Lavalle fratrem suum"[305].  "Guarino de Credone, Agnete matre eius" consented to the donation by "Gualeri de Bona et Aanor uxor eius" to La Roë, by undated charter[306].  Bodard de la Jacopière identifies the signatories in this charter with Agnes de Laval, first wife of Hugues Seigneur de Craon, and their supposed son Guérin.  This raises an interesting question concerning the date of Agnes´s death.  If she died before her husband´s second marriage, her son could have been no more than five years old at the time, bearing in mind that his father had five children by his second marriage before his death in [1140].  In that case, it is unlikely that Guérin would have been considered old enough to have consented to the donation in this charter.  The other possibility is that Hugues´s first marriage was terminated not by his wife´s death but by their separation, insisted on by the church because of the canonical difficulties referred to above.  m ([1124], [separated]) HUGUES Seigneur de Craon, son of MAURICE [I] Seigneur de Craon & his wife Tiphaine --- (-[1140]). 

5.         [HAVISE Europäische Stammtafeln[307] identifies the wife of Robert Earl of Derby as the daughter of Guy [II] Seigneur de Laval & his "second" wife Cecilia ---.  According to Domesday Descendants[308], "there is no convincing evidence as to her identity".  m ROBERT de Ferrières Earl of Derby, son of HENRI Seigneur de Ferrières et de Chambrais & his wife Bertha ---).  He was created Earl of Derby in 1138.] 

 

 

GUY [III] de Laval, son of GUY [II] Seigneur de Laval & his second wife Cécile --- (-[1130/42], bur Marmoutier).  A charter dated to [1093/1110] records that "Guido filius Hamonis…et eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius…Guido" donated property to Marmoutier when "fratrem suum Hugonem" appeared to be dying, and a later donation by "Guido filius eius et Secilia uxor illius et Hugo frater illius"[309].  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[310].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Laval.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "dominus…Lavallensis" participated in "la journée de Séez" 11 Dec 1118 when the supporters of Foulques V Comte d´Anjou captured Alençon from Henry I King of England[311].  An undated charter, dated to the early 12th century, under which the nuns of Ronceray confirmed an agreement, is witnessed by "Hugues de Laval, qui nunc dominium tenebat"[312], which suggests that Hugues [II] de Laval (see above) acted as regent during the minority of Guy [III].  A charter dated 1142 confirms the foundation of the priory of Plessis-Milcent by "Guido de Lavalle" and completed after his death by "filius eius Guido", with the consent of "matre sua Ama et Gervasio avunculo suo"[313]

m ([1118/23]) EMMA, daughter of  --- (-after [1153/62]).  Broussillon refers to an assertion that a tomb in Clermont abbey recorded the burial of "Emma Anglorum regis filia dominaque Lavallensis" but adds that he found no document which confirms that this is correct[314].  "Guy de Laval" founded the abbey of Clermont, with the consent of "Emma sa mère, d´Hamon son frère, alors malade", by charter dated 1152[315].  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" donated property to Savigny by charter dated to [1153/62], witnessed by "…domina Emma matre mea…"[316]

Guy [III] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         GUY [IV] de Laval (-23 Dec [1180/85], bur Abbaye de Clermont)A charter dated 1142 confirms the foundation of the priory of Plessis-Milcent by "Guido de Lavalle" and completed after his death by "filius eius Guido", with the consent of "matre sua Ama et Gervasio avunculo suo"[317].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Laval.  A charter issued by the monks of Marmoutier dated 1150 records the excommunication of Guy de Laval[318].  He called himself "Guido quintus" in a charter dated to [1150] under which he donated profits from a fair to the Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem[319].  "Wido dominus Lavallis" confirmed a donation by "Guido antecessor meus" to the priory of Gennes by charter dated to [1150], witnessed by "domina Lavallis, Emma, uxor eiusdem Guidonis…"[320].  "Guy de Laval" founded the abbey of Clermont, with the consent of "Emma sa mère, d´Hamon son frère, alors malade", by charter dated 1152[321].  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" donated property to Savigny by charter dated to [1153/62], witnessed by "…domina Emma matre mea…"[322].  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][323].  "Guido de Lavalle" donated property to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères with the consent of "Guidonis filii mei et Hamonis fratris mei et Emme uxoris mee" by charter dated 1180[324]m EMMA of Cornwall, daughter of RENAUD [de Dunstanville] Earl of Cornwall & his wife Beatrice FitzWilliam (-1208 or after, bur Abbaye de Clermont).  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][325].  "Agathe" in this document is an error for "Emma", as shown by the charter dated 1208 under which "Guido sextus dominus Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "patris mei" to the canons of "castellilo Lavallensi", witnessed by "…Emma matre mea, Hayoisia uxore mea…"[326].  "…Emme uxoris mee" consented to the donation by "Guido de Lavalle" to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères by charter dated 1180[327].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Guy [IV] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         GUY [V] de Laval (-1210).  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][328].  "Guidonis filii mei…" consented to the donation by "Guido de Lavalle" to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères by charter dated 1180[329].  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Laval.  "Guido sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Bellebranche abbey by charter dated 1186[330].  "Guido junior de Lavalle" confirmed donations to Clermont abbey by charter dated 1194, on the burial day of "avunculi mei Hamonis"[331].  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "Guido de Laval…et Havis uxor eius" as guardians of his children and his lands, in the case of the death of his wife, in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem, and provided for their inheritance of his lands if he died without male heirs[332].  "Guido sextus dominus de Lavalle" donated property to Plessis-Milcent by charter dated 1205, witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea…"[333].  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[334].  "Guido sextus dominus Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "patris mei" to the canons of "castellilo Lavallensi", by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Emma matre mea, Hayoisia uxore mea…"[335]m as her first husband, AVOISE de Craon Dame de Craon et de Châtelais, daughter of MAURICE [II] Seigneur de Craon & his wife Isabelle de Meulan (-1230).  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "Guido de Laval…et Havis uxor eius" as guardians of his children and his lands, in the case of the death of his wife, in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem, and provided for their inheritance of his lands if he died without male heirs[336].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Mauricius de Creon" gave "Waletun…hundredum de Waletun" in Surrey to "Gwidoni de la Val cum filia sua"[337].  "Guido sextus dominus de Lavalle" donated property to Plessis-Milcent by charter dated 1205, witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea…"[338].  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[339].  "Guido sextus dominus Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "patris mei" to the canons of "castellilo Lavallensi", by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Emma matre mea, Hayoisia uxore mea…"[340].  She married secondly (before 1215) Yves le Franc Seigneur de Saulges (-before 1260).  "Robertus comes de Alenchon" settled the dower of "domine Haoys de Lavalle" by charter dated [19 Apr/31 Oct] 1215[341].  "Robertus comes d´Alencon et dominus Lavallis et Emma uxor eius filia Guidonis de Lavalle et hæres Lavallis" exchanged property with "Yvoni Franco et dominæ Haoys uxori suæ" by charter dated Feb 1216[342].  "Matheus de Montemorenciaco, conestabularius Franciæ et Emma, eius uxor, comitissa de Alanconio et domina Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "dominus Ivo Francus et uxor eius Advisia de Lavalle" to Bellebranche, for the salvation of "domini Guydonis de Lavalle" and for "Hugonis filii sui", by charter dated 1218[343].  Guy [V] & his wife had four children: 

i)          OZANNE de Laval (-[1205], bur prieuré d'Olivet).  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[344]

ii)         GUY [VI] de Laval (-8 Sep 1211, bur Clermont).  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[345]

iii)        EMMA de Laval ([1197/98]-27 Apr 1264, bur Abbaye de Clermont)"Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[346]Dame de Laval.  A manuscript genealogy of the Lords of Beaumont record the marriage of “Robertum comitem Alencheii” and “Emmam filiam Guidonis domini de La Val” after the death of his wife “Joanna…filia domini Josberti de Guirchia[347].  "Robertus comes d´Alencon et dominus Lavallis et Emma uxor eius filia Guidonis de Lavalle et hæres Lavallis" exchanged property with "Yvoni Franco et dominæ Haoys uxori suæ" by charter dated Feb 1216[348].  "Matheus de Montemorenciaco, conestabularius Franciæ et Emma, eius uxor, comitissa de Alanconio et domina Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "dominus Ivo Francus et uxor eius Advisia de Lavalle" to Bellebranche, for the salvation of "domini Guydonis de Lavalle" and for "Hugonis filii sui", by charter dated 1218[349]"Ama comitissa de Alenceon" donated property to Notre-Dame, Paris for the soul of "domini Mathei de Monte Morenciaco mariti mei defuncti" by charter dated 1230[350]"Joannes dominus de Toceio miles" confirmed commitments made for his marriage to "Emmam comitissam de Alenchon et dominam de Lavalle" by charter dated 1231[351].  The necrology of Joyenval records the death “27 Apr...circa 1280“ of "dominæ Emmæ comitissæ Alençonio, dominæ de Valle Guyonis, domini Guillelmi de Bellomonte [error] uxoris” and that “domini Guidonis de Laval filii eorum primogeniti” confirmed their donations[352]m firstly (before 1215) as his third wife, ROBERT [III] Comte d'Alençon, son of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix du Maine (-Mortevieille 8 Sep 1217, bur Abbaye de Perseigne).  m secondly (Jul 1218) as his second wife, MATHIEU [II] "le Grand" Seigneur de Montmorency, son of BOUCHARD [IV] Seigneur de Montmorency & his wife Laurette de Hainaut (-24 Nov 1230).  m thirdly (1231) JEAN Seigneur de Toucy, son of ITIER [IV] de Toucy & his wife Beatrix de Rion (-in Egypt 1250). 

iv)       ISABELLE de Laval The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1220/50.  m (before Aug 1220) BOUCHARD [V] Seigneur de Montmorency, son of MATHIEU [II] "le Grand" Seigneur de Montmorency & his first wife Gertrude de Soissons (-1 Jan 1243, bur Meynel). 

b)         CECILE [Sibylle] de Laval (-after [1180])"Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][353].  A Chronicon Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum names "Agnete…de Lavallis Widonis filia" as wife of "Aimerico vicecomiti de Thoarcio"[354].  A charter dated to [1180] records the donations by "Aimery de Thouars, Sibille épouse d´Aimery ainsi que Aumou sa mère" to the monks of la Chaise-le-Vicomte[355]m ([1150/52]) as his first wife, AIMERY [VII] Vicomte de Thouars, son of GEOFFROY [IV] Vicomte de Thouars & his wife Aumou --- (-1226, bur Abbaye de Chambon). 

c)         [JEAN de Laval .  "…Johannes de Laval consanguineus noster, Matheus de Bellomonte" witnessed the charter dated to [1185] under which "Burchardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation of "bonæ memoriæ Johannes pater meus comeds Vindocinensis" to the abbey of la Charité-sur-Loire[356].  It is not known how Jean may have been related to the Laval family.  Nor has his relationship with Bourchard Comte de Vendôme been traced.] 

2.         HAMON de Laval (-1194, bur Clermont).  "Guy de Laval" founded the abbey of Clermont, with the consent of "Emma sa mère, d´Hamon son frère, alors malade", by charter dated 1152[357].  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][358].  "…Hamonis fratris mei…" consented to the donation by "Guido de Lavalle" to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères by charter dated 1180[359].  "Guido junior de Lavalle" confirmed donations to Clermont abbey by charter dated 1194, on the burial day of "avunculi mei Hamonis"[360]

3.         [EMMA de Laval (-1190 or after).  Broussillon states that "Emma de Laval" is recorded as abbess of Ronceray from 1163 to 1190, citing twenty charters in the cartulary of Ronceray which name her, but adds that no document has been found which confirms her parentage[361]

 

                                   

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de LAVAL (MONTMORENCY)

 

 

The Montmorency-Laval line is shown in outline form in this section.  The primary sources which provide the basis for the reconstruction of their descent can be found in the later pages of volume 1 of Broussillon´s work and in volume 2[362]

 

 

GUY [VII] de Montmorency, son of MATHIEU [II] Seigneur de Montmorency & his second wife Emma de Laval (-[1267]).  The necrology of Joyenval records the death “27 Apr...circa 1280“ of "dominæ Emmæ comitissæ Alençonio, dominæ de Valle Guyonis, domini Guillelmi de Bellomonte [error] uxoris” and that “domini Guidonis de Laval filii eorum primogeniti” confirmed their donations[363]Seigneur de Laval

Betrothed (1229) to ALIX de Vitré, daughter of ANDRE [III] Seigneur de Vitré & his first wife Catherine de Thouars (-after Jul 1273).  "André de Vitré" confirmed by letter dated [1229] that he had promised "…[sa] troisième fille" to "madame de Laval de lui donner son fils"[364]

m firstly (1239) PHILIPPA de Vitré, daughter of ANDRE [III] Seigneur de Vitré & his first wife Catherine de Thouars (-16 Sep 1254). 

m secondly (before Oct 1257) as her second husband, THOMASSE de Pouancé, widow of ANDRE [III] Seigneur de Vitré, daughter of GEOFFROY de Pouancé Seigneur de la Guerche & his wife --- (-after 1272).  The marriage contract between "Gaufridus de Poenceio dominus Guirchiæ...Thomasia filia mea" and “Andreæ domino Vitreii” is dated Jan 1240[365].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. 

Guy [VII] & his first wife had children: 

1.         GUY [VIII] de Laval ([1240]-L'Isle-Jourdain 22 Aug 1295, bur Abbaye de Clermont).  Seigneur de Vitré 1254.  Seigneur de Lavalm firstly (Paris 1260) ISABELLE de Beaumont Dame de Villemomble, de Pacy-sur-Marne et de Brévières Ctss di Caserta, daughter of GUILLAUME de Beaumont-en-Gâtinais Seigneur de Villemomble et de Pacy Conte di Caserta & his wife --- (-1277).  m secondly (contract 11 Nov 1286) JEANNE de Beaumont Dame de Loué, daughter of LOUIS de Brienne dit d Acre Vicomte de Beaumont-au-Maine & his wife Agnes de Beaumont (-1323, bur Abbaye de Clermont).  Guy [VIII] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         GUY [IX] de Laval (-Landravan 22 Jan 1333, bur Abbaye de Clermont)Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré. 

-        see below

Guy [VIII] & his second wife had children: 

b)         ANDRE de Laval (-before 13 May 1356).  Châtelain de Loué, Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Vendelais.  m ([1311]) as her second husband, EUSTACHIE de Bauçay Dame d´Olivet, widow of GUILLAUME d´Usages Vidame du Mans, daughter of HUGUES de Bauçay & his wife Alix de Châtillon. 

-        SEIGNEURS de LOUE et de BREE[366].  

2.         EMMETTE de Laval (-1331 or after)m PREGENT de Coëtmen Vicomte de Tonquédec, son of ---.  [Another marriage is proposed: a Chronicon Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum records the marriage of "Aimericum Galfredi de Podio-fagi filium" and "Emmettæ dominis Widonis de Lavallia defuncti et Philippæ de Vitreo filiæ"[367].  If correct, Emmette´s husband was AIMERY du Puy-du-Fou, son of GEOFFROY du Puy-du-Fou & his wife Agnes de Thouars.  The difficulties associated with the fabrication of all or parts of the reconstruction of the Puy-du-Fou family are discussed in the document AQUITAINE DUKES, including the possibility that this fragmentary chronicle formed part of the fabrication.  This marriage has not yet been corroborated by another primary source.] 

3.         CATHERINE de Laval (-1306 or after).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified.  Katerine de Laval jadis vicontesse de Leon” acknowledged receipt of payment made by “nostre...Seignour le Duc de Bretaigne” by charter dated Nov 1281[368].  The executors of the testament of Jean II Duke of Brittany assigned dower to "Katerine de Laval Dame de Landevran jadis Viscontesse de Leon", by charter dated Nov 1306[369]m (contract 5 May 1265) HERVE [IV] Vicomte de Léon, son of HERVÉ [III] Vicomte de Léon & his wife Margilia --- (-before Nov 1281). 

4.         BOUCHARD de Laval (-before 20 Jan 1320).  Seigneur d´Attichy, de Chantilly et de Conflans.  m as her first husband, BEATRIX d´Erquery, daughter of RAOUL Herpin & his wife ---.  She married secondly Jean [I] de Nesle Seigneur d´Offémont (-25 May 1352). 

-        SEIGNEURS d´ATTICHY[370]

 

 

GUY [IX] de Laval, son of GUY [VIII] de Laval Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré & his first wife Isabelle de Beaumont [en-Gâtinas] (-Landravan 22 Jan 1333, bur Abbaye de Clermont)Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré. 

m (1286) BEATRIX van Gavre Vrouwe van Gavre, Dame de Chièvres, daughter of RASO [XI] van Gavre & his wife Beatrix van Strijen (-4 Jul [1316]). 

Guy [IX] & his wife had children: 

1.         GUY [X] de Laval (-killed in battle la Roche-Derrien 18 Jun 1347)Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré.  m (2 Mar 1315) BEATRIX de Bretagne, daughter of ARTHUR II Duke of Brittany & his second wife Yolande de Dreux Ctss de Montfort l'Amaury (7 Dec 1295-9 Dec 1384, bur Abbaye de Clermont near Laval).  "Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[371]Dame de Hédé.  Guy [X] & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUY [XI] de Laval (-22 Sep 1348, bur Vitré)Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré.  m (contract 11 Aug 1338) as her first husband, ISABELLE de Craon, daughter of MAURICE [VII] de Craon Seigneur de Sainte-Maure et de Marcillac & his wife Marguerite de Mello (-2 Feb 1394, bur Angers Cordeliers).  The contract between "le vicomte de Beaumont, Pierres de Craon et monsieur Guillaume de Craon et monsieur Guillaume de Beaumont" and “le seigneur de Laval, le seigneur de Mathefelon, monsieur Rasses, monsieur Jehan et monsieur Fouques de Laval” for the marriage between “Guion de Laval fiz ainsné doudit seigneur de Laval” and “Isabeau de Craon fille de monsieur Morice de Craon...jadis seigneur de Saincte Maure et suer de Amalri sire de Craon” is dated 11 Mar 1338 (O.S.)[372].  Dame de Sainte-Maure, de Nouatre, de Pressigny et de Verneuil.  Dame de Craon 1373.  She married secondly ([2 Jun 1357/1 Jun 1358]) Louis de Sully Seigneur de Sully.  

b)         JEAN de Laval (-21 Apr 1412, bur Clermont)He succeeded his brother in 1348 as GUY [XII] Seigneur de Laval, de Vitré et de Gavre.  m firstly (1348) LOUISE de Châteaubriand, daughter of GEOFFROY [VIII] Seigneur de Châteaubriand & his wife Jeanne de Belleville (-27 Nov 1383, bur Clermont)m secondly (contract Meslay 28 May 1384) as her second husband, JEANNE de Laval, widow of BERTRAND du Guesclin Connétable de France, daughter of JEAN de Laval Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Vendelais et d´Olivet & his wife Isabelle de Tinteniac (-Vitré 27 Dec 1433, bur Laval).  Dame de Châtillon et d´Olivet.  Jean & his second wife had children: 

i)          ANNE de Laval (1385-Vitré 20 Jan 1486, bur Laval Saint-Tugal).  Père Anselme cites the contract for her first marriage dated 22 Jan 1404 (O.S.) under which her husband and their descendants adopted the name and arms of Laval, confirmed at the parliament Jan 1405[373]m firstly (contract 15 and 22 Jan 1405) JEAN de Montfort Seigneur de Kergolay, son of RAOUL de Montfort [Seigneur de Kergolay] & his wife --- (-Rhodes 12 Aug 1414).  He succeeded as GUY [XIII] Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré.  m secondly (1416) JEAN Turpin, son of --- (-after 1432). 

c)         BEATRIX de Laval (-after Jan 1365).  Dame de Villemomble.  Messire Olivier Sire de Cliçon et...Madame Beatrix de Laval sa femme” exchanged property with “la Baronnie...du Tuit” by charter dated 14 May 1370[374].  “Messire Olivier Sire de Cliçon et...Madame Beatrix de Laval sa femme” exchanged property with “la Baronnie...du Tuit” by charter dated 14 May 1370[375]m (contract 12 Feb 1361) as his first wife, OLIVIER [V] Seigneur de Clisson, son of OLIVIER [IV] Seigneur de Clisson & his second wife Jeanne de Belleville (Clisson 23 Apr 1336-Château de Josselin 23 Apr 1407(Clisson 23 Apr 1336-Château de Josselin 23 Apr 1407)

2.         CATHERINE de Laval .  "Girart Chabot chevalier sire de Rays et de Machecou" authorised "Girart Chabot varlet nostre filz ainszné et...Katherine sa fame fille de...Guy seigneur de Laval et de Vitré" to renounce the inheritance from “dou dit...seigneur de Laval et de Vitré et de...bon mémoyre Béatris jadis [sa] famme” by charter dated 6 Jul 1318[376]m (before 6 Jul 1318) GERARD [IV] Chabot Baron de Rays, son of GERARD [III] Chabot Baron de Rays & his wife Marie de Parthenay (-before 15 Sep 1344).

 

 

JEAN de Montfort Seigneur de Kergolay, son of RAOUL de Montfort [Seigneur de Kergolay] & his wife --- (-Rhodes 12 Aug 1414).  He succeeded as GUY [XIII] Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré. 

m (contract 15 and 22 Jan 1405) as her first husband, ANNE de Laval, daughter of GUY [XIII] [Jean] de Laval Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré & his second wife Jeanne de Laval (1385-Vitré 20 Jan 1486, bur Laval Saint-Tugal).  Père Anselme cites the contract for her first marriage dated 22 Jan 1404 (O.S.) under which her husband and their descendants adopted the name and arms of Laval, confirmed at the parliament Jan 1405[377].  She married secondly (1416) Jean Turpin.  

Guy [XIII] & his wife had two children: 

1.         GUY [XIV] de Laval (-Châteaubriand 2 Sep 1486, bur Laval Saint-Vénéran, église de Saint-Tugdal)Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré.  Comte de Laval 17 Aug 1429.  m firstly (Redon 1 Oct 1430) ISABELLE de Bretagne, daughter of JEAN VI Duke of Brittany & his wife Jeanne de France ([1411]-Auray 13 Jan 1442, bur Nantes église des Jacobins).  m secondly (1450) as her second husband, FRANÇOISE de Dinan-Montafilant Dame de Châteaubriand, de Vioreau, de Hugutières-en-Retz, de Beaumanoir, du Bodister-en-Pleurin, du Guildo, de Montafilant et de la Hardouinais, widow of GILLES de Bretagne Seigneur de Chantocé et d’Ingrande, daughter of JACQUES de Dinant Seigneur du Bodister-en-Pleurin & his wife Catherine de Rohan (20 Dec 1436-3 Jan 1499, bur Nantes église Dominicain).  She married thirdly (soon after 1486) Jean de Proisy.  Guy [XIV] & his first wife had children: 

a)         FRANÇOIS de Laval (19 Nov 1435-15 Mar 1500)He succeeded his father in 1486 as GUY [XV] Comte de Laval.  m (contract Tours 8 Jan 1461) CATHERINE d’Alençon, daughter of JEAN II “le Bon” Duc d’Alençon & his second wife Jeanne d'Armagnac (-17 Jul 1505).  Jean Chartier’s Chronique de Charles VII records the arrest of “Jehan duc d’Alençon” in Oct 1458, after which he confessed that English representatives had secretly visited Alençon to negotiate the marriage between “la fille du duc d’Alençon” and “le filz du duc d’Iorck[378].  A nun at Alençon after she was widowed. 

b)         JEAN de Laval ([1438]-14 Aug 1476).  Seigneur de la Roche-Bernard et de Belisle.  m as her first husband, JEANNE du Périer Ctss de Quintin Dame du Périer, daughter of TRISTAN du Périer & his wife Isabelle de Montauban.  She married secondly Pierre de Rohan Baron de Pontchâteau.  Jean & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUY [XVI] de Laval (1 Oct 1476-20 May 1531).  He succeeded his uncle in 1500 as GUY [XVI] Comte de Laval.  m firstly ([10 Jun 1500]) CARLOTA of Naples Principessa di Tarento, daughter of FEDERIGO IV King of Naples & his first wife Anne de Savoie (Feb 1480-16 Oct 1506).  The mid-16th century Chronicle of Gaspare Fuscolillo records that "il Re Ferrante" [mistake for Federigo] left for France 22 Feb 1479, married "madamma Giarlet nepote de Re de Franczia", and had "una figliola quale hebbe nome de la matre"[379].  m secondly ANNE de Montmorency, daughter of GUILLAUME Seigneur de Montmorency & his wife Anne Pot. m thirdly ANTONETTE de Daillon, daughter of JACQUES de Daillon Seigneur du Lude & his wife Jeanne Dame d’Illiers.  Guy [XVI] & his first wife had children: 

(1)       CATHERINE de Laval (-31 Dec 1526)m (contract 10 Nov 1518) as his first wife, CLAUDE de Rieux Comte d’Harcourt, Seigneur de Rieux, de Rochefort et d’Ancenis, son of JEAN Seigneur de Rieux et de Rochefort Comte d’Harcourt & his third wife Isabelle de Brosse (15 Feb 1497-19 May 1532, bur Rieux Notre-Dame[380]).  Their daughter succeeded to the county of Laval. 

(2)       ANNE de Laval (-Craon [1554]).  m (Vitré 23 Jan 1521) FRANÇOIS Seigneur de La Trémoïlle, Vicomte de Thouars, Prince de Talmond, son of CHARLES de La Trémoïlle Prince de Talmond & his wife Louise de Coëtivy Ctss de Taillebourg ([1505]-Thouars 7 Jan 1541). 

Guy [XVI] & his second wife had children: 

(3)       CLAUDE de Laval (-25 May 1547).  He succeeded as GUY [XVII] Comte de Lavalm as her first husband, CLAUDE de Foix, daughter of ODET de Foix Seigneur de Lautrec & his wife Charlotte d’Albret (-after 28 Jun 1554[381]).  She married secondly (Montrond 14 Jan 1548) Charles de Luxembourg Vicomte de Martigues

c)         YOLANDE de Laval (-8 Nov 1487)Père Anselme records her parentage and first marriage (no sources cited) and the contract for her second marriage dated 14 Jul 1454[382]m firstly (1443) ALAIN de Rohan Comte de Porhoët, son of ALAIN [IX] de Rohan Vicomte de Rohan & his first wife Marguerite de Bretagne (-Fougères 1449).  m secondly (contract Rhedon 14 Jul 1454) as his second wife, GUILLAUME d’Harcourt Comte de Tancarville, son of JACQUES [II] d’Harcourt Baron de Montgommery & his second wife Marguerite de Melun Ctss de Tancarville (-27 Oct 1484). 

d)         JEANNE de Laval (10 Nov 1433-Château de Beaufort-en-Vallée, Maine-et-Loire 19 Dec 1498, bur Angers église des Cordeliers).  She was given Baux after her husband died, which she exchanged 18 Feb 1475 at Aix for Berre.  m (Angers, Abbaye Saint-Nicolas 10 Sep 1454) as his second wife, RENE d'Anjou ex-King of Sicily, Duc d’Anjou, de Bar et de Lorraine, son of LOUIS II Duc d'Anjou Titular King of Sicily and Jerusalem & his wife Infanta doña Violanta de Aragón (Château d'Angers 19 Jan 1409-Aix-en-Provence 10 Aug 1480, bur Angers Cathedral). 

e)         LOUISE de Laval (-1480)m (contract 15 May 1468) JEAN de Brosse, son of JEAN [II] de Brosse Comte de Penthièvre & his wife Nicole de Blois-Châtillon Comtesse de Penthièvre, Vicomtesse de Limoges (-1502, bur Boussac).  He succeeded his father in [1479] as Comte de Penthièvre

Guy [XIV] & his second wife had children: 

f)          FRANÇOIS de Laval (-Amboise 5 Jan 1503, bur Châteaubriand église de La Trinité).  Seigneur de Châteaubriand, de Candé.  m FRANÇOISE de Rieux, daughter of JEAN [IV] Seigneur de Rieux et de Rochefort & his first wife Françoise de Raguenel Dame de Malestroit (1461-Châteaubriand 30 Oct 1532.  François & his wife had children: 

i)          JEAN de Laval (Jan 1486-after 21 Feb 1542, bur Châteaubriand Saint-Nicolas).  Seigneur de Châteaubriand.  m (1509) FRANÇOISE de Foix, daughter of JEAN de Foix Vicomte de Lautrec & his wife Jeanne d’Aydie (-16 Oct 1537, bur Châteaubriand église des Mathurins). 

2.         ANDRE de Laval (-after 18 Nov 1484)Seigneur de Loheac.  Amiral de France.  Maréchal de France 1439.  Seigneur de Rays, de iure uxorism (after 1450) as her second husband, MARIE de Laval, widow of PREGENT de Coëtivy, daughter of GILLES de Laval Seigneur de Rays & his wife Catherine de Thouars. 

3.         LOUIS de Laval (-21 Aug 1484).  Seigneur de Châtillon et de Comper.  Grand-maître des Eaux et Forêts de France. 

4.         JEANNE de Laval (-Château de Lavardin 18 Dec 1468, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  Dame de Campzillon en Mesquer.  Père Anselme records her marriage contract dated 24 Aug 1424 at Rennes, the date of her death and place of burial, without citing the primary sources on which the information is based[383]m as his second wife, LOUIS de Bourbon Comte de Vendôme, son of JEAN I de Bourbon Comte de la Marche et de Vendôme & his wife Catherine Ctss de Vendôme et de Castres ([1375/76]-Tours 21 Dec 1446, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges ([1375/76]-Tours 21 Dec 1446, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges)

5.         CATHERINE de Laval (-30 Aug 1450, bur Châteauroux église des Cordeliers[384]).  m GUY Seigneur de Chauvigny Vicomte de Brosse, son of GUY de Chauvigny Vicomte de Brosse & his wife Anotinette de Cousan (-Châteauroux 21 Mar 1482, bur Argneton église des Cordeliers[385]). 

 

 

1.         GUY de Laval (-after 29 Oct 1415).  Seigneur de Blaison.  Seigneur de Rays.  The testament of "Guy de Laval-Retz”, dated 28/29 Oct 1415, chose burial “à Buzay auprès de Marie de Craon son épouse”, named “Jean de Tournemine sieur de la Hunaudaye époux de Jeanne de Saffré pour tuteur de ses fils[386]m (before 5 Feb 1404) MARIE de Craon, daughter of JEAN de Craon Seigneur de la Suze & his first wife Beatrix de Rochefort (-before Oct 1415, bur Buzay abbey).  The 28/29 Oct 1415 testament of her husband confirms that she preceased her husband and records her burial at Buzay.  Guy & his wife had two children: 

a)         GILLES de Laval ([1404/05]-killed Nantes 24 Oct 1440).  Seigneur de Rays.  "Messire René de Rays chevalier” requested “messire Gilles de Rays baron et seigneur de Rays, frère aisné dudit René, enfans de feu Guy en son vivant seigneur de Rays et de feue Marie de Craon fille de feu messire Jehan de Craon jadis chevalier en son vivant seigneur de la Suze et de Champtocé et de dame Béatrix de Rochefort sa femme” to finalise the division of their inheritance between them by charter dated 25 Jan 1433 (O.S.), reserving the dower of “dame Anne de Sillé veusve dudit feu seigneur de la Suze[387]Maréchal de France.  Betrothed (contract 4 Jan 1417) to JEANNE Paynel, daughter of FOULQUES [IV] Paynel Seigneur de Hambye et de Bricquebec & his wife Marguerite de Dinan (1413-).  The marriage contract of "Gilles de Retz” and “Jeanne Paynel” was agreed 4 Jan 1416 (O.S.) between “Jean de la Suze” and “Charles de Dinan seigneur de Châteaubriant et Marguerite sa fille, mère de Jeanne[388]Betrothed (Vannes, Château de l’Hermine 28 Nov 1418) to BEATRIX de Rohan, daughter of ALAIN [IX] de Rohan Seigneur de Porhoët [later Vicomte de Rohan] & his first wife Marguerite de Bretagne.  The marriage contract between "Alain Vicomte de Rohan et Seigneur de Leon et Alain son fils ainé Seigneur de Porhoet...Damoisellle Beatrix fille puisnée du dit Sire de Porhoet" and "Messire Jean de Craon Seigneur de la Suze et de Chantocé Tuteur et Garde de Gilles Sire de Rais et de Blazon...le dit Sire de Rais" is dated 28 Nov 1418[389]m (contract 30 Nov 1420) as her first husband, CATHERINE de Thouars, daughter of MILON [II] de Thouars Seigneur de Pouzauges & his wife --- (-2 Dec 1462).  She married secondly Jean [II] de Vendôme Vidame de Chartres, Seigneur de Lassay.  Gilles & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARIE de Laval m firstly (14 Jun 1442) PREGENT de Coëtivy, son of --- (-Cherbourg 20 Jun 1450).  m secondly ANDRE de Laval, son of GUY [XIII] Seigneur de Laval & his wife Anne de Laval (-Vitré 1 Nov 1457). 

b)         RENE de Laval .  Seigneur de la Suze.  "Messire René de Rays chevalier” requested “messire Gilles de Rays baron et seigneur de Rays, frère aisné dudit René, enfans de feu Guy en son vivant seigneur de Rays et de feue Marie de Craon fille de feu messire Jehan de Craon jadis chevalier en son vivant seigneur de la Suze et de Champtocé et de dame Béatrix de Rochefort sa femme” to finalise the division of their inheritance between them by charter dated 25 Jan 1433 (O.S.), reserving the dower of “dame Anne de Sillé veusve dudit feu seigneur de la Suze[390].   

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    SEIGNEURS de MAYENNE

 

 

The undated charter quoted below records that the castle of Mayenne was granted to Geoffroy by Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou, therefore before the count´s death in 1040. 

 

 

1.         HAMON, son of --- (-after 1014).  "Hugo Cenomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel by charter dated 1014, witnessed by "Roscelini vicecomitis, Hameli de Leido Castello, Haymonis de Medano, Herberti fratris comitis, Droci filii Milonis, Odilarii Drudi"[391]m ---.  The name of Hamon´s wife is not known.  Hamon & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFROY [I] de Mayenne"Gaufridus, Haimonis filius" approved the donation by "Cleopas, Malranni de Noviastro filius" to Saint-Vincent du Mans "in foreste sua de Burceio", adding that he had received "castrum Medane" from "Fulconis Andegavini comitis"[392], which dates this charter to before 1040.  Seigneur de Mayennem ---.  The name of Geoffroy's wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had one child: 

i)          GAUTHIER [I] de Mayenne ([1020/30]-).  "Gautherius filius Gaufridi de Meduana" witnessed a charter dated to [6 Dec 1047/31 Aug 1055][393]Seigneur de Mayennem (before [1046/47]) ADELINE, daughter of ---.  "Galterii filii Gaufredi de Meduana, Adeline uxoris eiusdem Gauterii" subscribed a charter dated to [14 May 1046/14 May 1047], under which the church of Saint-Constancien, Javron was donated to Tours Saint-Julien[394].  Assuming that the dates of these two charters are correct, it is chronologically impossible for them to refer to Gauthier [II] de Mayenne and his wife Aline, parents of Mathilde duchess of Burgundy (see below). 

 

 

The parents of the brothers Geoffroy [II] and Hugues de Mayenne have not been satisfactorily identified.  It is chronologically improbable that Geoffroy [II] was the same person as Geoffroy [I] Seigneur de Mayenne.  It is more likely that the brothers were sons of Geoffroy [I], younger brothers of Gauthier [I], but this is speculation until more primary source documentation emerges. 

 

1.         GEOFFROY [II] de Mayenne (-[May/Dec] 1098)Seigneur de Mayenne.  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Geffroy sire de Maienne" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[395].  Comte du Maine 1070/71, as the lover of Gersende Ctss du Maine.  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that "Atho marchisius" left Maine in the hands of "Gaufridi de Meduana", also naming "uxor eiusdem marchisii Garcendis…filia Herberti Cenomannorum…comitis…Evigila Canem" and specifying that she had married firstly "Theobaldo duci Campanie" and that he had repudiated her[396]The same source comments that "Gaufredi de Meduana" was "tutor et quasi maritus", implying that Gersende was his mistress.  "Goffridus…de Meduana" founded "ecclesiam in honore…confessoris Christi Nicolai" at "castro suo…Carcer" [La Chartre] and placed there the monks of La Trinité de Vendôme, by charter dated 1092[397]m firstly (before 1059) as her second husband, MATHILDE d'Alluyes, widow of GUILLAUME [I] Goët Seigneur de Montmirail, daughter of GAUTHIER d'Alluyes & his wife --- (-after 1079).  Her two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/60] under which "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis"[398]m secondly HILDEBERGE de Cornouaïlle, daughter of HOËL Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Havise de Bretagne.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Mistress: ([1070/71]) GERSENDE du Maine, daughter of HERIBERT [I] "Euigilans Canis/Eveille-chien" Comte du Maine & his wife --- ([1025/35]-).  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that "Atho marchisius" left Maine in the hands of "Gaufridi de Meduana", also naming "uxor eiusdem marchisii Garcendis…filia Herberti Cenomannorum…comitis…Evigila Canem" and specifying that she had married firstly "Theobaldo duci Campanie" and that he had repudiated her[399]The same source comments that "Gaufredi de Meduana" was "tutor et quasi maritus", implying that Gersende was his mistress.  Geoffroy & his [first] wife had three children: 

a)         HAMELIN de Mayenne (-before 1098).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/60] under which "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis"[400]

b)         GAUTHIER [II] de Mayenne (-in Italy after 18 Dec 1116).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/60] under which "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis"[401].  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Gaufridus, filius Gaufridi de Meduana" when recording that he was in Apulia[402]The same source comments that "Gaufredi de Meduana" was "tutor et quasi maritus", implying that Gersende was his mistress.  Seigneur de Mayenne.  "…Gualterii de Meduana" witnessed a charter dated to [1087/94] under which Robert son of William I King of England donated property to Holy Trinity, Caen[403].  He participated in the First Crusade 1096/1098[404], although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][405].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn, including donations by "…Walteri de Meduana et uxoris sue et filiorum suorum Hamelini et Juhelli…" of property "in ecclesia de Muscampis…de Burceio…et…de Troitemer…", by charter dated to [1155/57][406]m ADELINE, daughter of ---.  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][407].  According to Kerrebrouck[408], she was "de Baugency".  In Europäische Stammtafeln[409], she is "de Presles".  The basis for these suppositions is not known.  "Juhellus Goualterii filius, dominus castelli Meduanæ…matre mea Adelina et sorore Felicia" organised the transfer of the monks of Saint-Martin to Mayenne castle, for the souls of "Gaufredi…avi mei et Gualterii patris mei…Hamelini fratris mei", by charter dated 1144, witnessed by "…Hugo de Lavalle…"[410].  The necrology of Beaune names "Aelina" as mother of Mathilde, wife of Hugues II Duke of Burgundy[411].  Gauthier & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          HAMELIN de Mayenne (-[1119]).  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][412].  "Radulfus Filgeriensis" with "his wife Avitia" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Savigny by charter dated 7 Mar 1113, subscribed by "…Hamelinus Meduanensis, Johellus frater eius"[413]Seigneur de Mayenne.  Seigneur de Gorron d'Ambrières et de Châteauneuf, which he exchanged with Henry I King of England for South Petherton, Somerset and Black Torrington and Nimet, Devon[414].  "Rotbertus miles de Sancto Dionisio" confirmed the donation of property to Mont-Saint-Michel by "pater meus Rotbertus Sancti Dionisii", agreeing to obtain the consent of "Hamelino de Meduana domino meo" by charter dated 1116, signed by "Juhellis fratris Hamelini Meduani"[415]

ii)         JUHEL [I] de Mayenne (-23 Dec 1161, bur Evroux).  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][416].  He succeeded his brother in [1119] as Seigneur de Mayenne

-         see below

iii)        MATHILDE de Mayenne (-Beaune, Côte-d'Or or château de Méduan, near Magny-lès-Villers 8 Feb after 1162, bur Notre Dame de Beaune).  As "domina Mathildis de Med uana" she is named as the wife of Duke Hugues in three charters, and the necrology of Beaune names her mother "Aelina"[417].  "Hugo Burgundie dux" donated property to Saint-Bénigne-de-Dijon by charter dated [1113/19] which names "Mathilde coniugis mei et filio mei Oddonis"[418].  “Hugo dux Burgundiæ” donated land in “Flagit et Verne” to Vergy Saint-Vincent, with the consent of “uxore sua Mathilde cum omnibus filiis suis Odone, Hugone, Roberto, Henrico, Raimundo, Walterio”, by charter dated 20 Oct 1131[419].  "Henricus Eduensis ecclesie presul" donated property to Grosbois abbey and founded an anniversary for "fratrisque sui Raimundi consulis" by charter dated 28 Jun 1156 witnessed by "Odo dux Burgundie, Maltrix mater eius…"[420].  The necrology of Cîteaux records the death "VI Id Feb" of "Mathildis ducissa Burgundie"[421]m ([1116]) HUGUES II "Borel/le Pacifique" Duke of Burgundy, son of EUDES I "Borel" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Sibylle de Bourgogne-Comté ([1085]-soon after 6 Feb 1143, bur Abbaye de Cîteaux). 

iv)       FELICIE de Mayenne .  "Juhellus Goualterii filius, dominus castelli Meduanæ…matre mea Adelina et sorore Felicia" organised the transfer of the monks of Saint-Martin to Mayenne castle, for the souls of "Gaufredi…avi mei et Gualterii patris mei…Hamelini fratris mei", by charter dated 1144, witnessed by "…Hugo de Lavalle…"[422]

v)        [daughter.  She and her husband are shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[423], but the basis for this is not known.  m (dispensation) --- Comte de Mortagne]. 

c)         HERSENDE (-before [1070]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/60] under which "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis"[424]

2.         HUGUES de Mayenne (-after 1098).  "Rotbertus" donated property to Mont-Saint-Michel, with the consent of "Gaufredi Medavi castri ducis…Hugone supradicti Gaufridi fratre" by charter dated to [1097/1125][425]m BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-1 Sep ----).  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "Kal Sep" of "Beatrix mater domini Goffridi episcopi iunioris"[426].  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFROY de Mayenne (-19 Feb after 1105).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Mayenne 1075.  He was elected Bishop of Angers 1093, resigned 1095/1101.  He became a monk at Cluny.  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XI Kal Mar" of "Gaufridus Andegavensis episcopus postea Cluniacensis monachus"[427]

 

 

JUHEL [I] de Mayenne, son of GAUTHIER Seigneur de Mayenne & his wife Aline --- (-23 Dec 1161, bur Evroux).  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][428].  "Radulfus Filgeriensis" with "his wife Avitia" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Savigny by charter dated 7 Mar 1113, subscribed by "…Hamelinus Meduanensis, Johellus frater eius"[429].  "Rotbertus miles de Sancto Dionisio" confirmed the donation of property to Mont-Saint-Michel by "pater meus Rotbertus Sancti Dionisii", agreeing to obtain the consent of "Hamelino de Meduana domino meo" by charter dated 1116, signed by "Juhellis fratris Hamelini Meduani"[430].  He succeeded his brother in [1119] as Seigneur de Mayenne.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Joheli de Meduana" in Middlesex[431].  Seigneur de Gorron d'Ambrières et de Châteauneuf 1135[432].  "Juhellus Goualterii filius, dominus castelli Meduanæ…matre mea Adelina et sorore Felicia" organised the transfer of the monks of Saint-Martin to Mayenne castle, for the souls of "Gaufredi…avi mei et Gualterii patris mei…Hamelini fratris mei", by charter dated 1144, witnessed by "…Hugo de Lavalle…"[433].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Joheli de Maiena" in Somerset, and "Joheli de Maiena" (twice) under "Nova Placita & Nove Conventiones" in Devonshire[434]

m (before [1126]) CLEMENCE de Ponthieu, daughter of GUILLAUME [I] "Talvas" Comte de Ponthieu et d'Alençon, Seigneur de Montgommery et de Bellême & his [first wife ---] (-30 Nov before 1189).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Willelmum Talavatium” married “Ala...quæ fuerat antea uxor ducis Burgundiæ” [incorrect], and had “duos filios et totidem filias” of whom “una” married “Iuhello filio Walterii de Meduana[435].  The chronology suggests that Clémence was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage of her father.  "Juhello principe Meduane et uxore eius Clementia et filio eorum Gaufrido primogenito" subscribed a charter dated 12 and 26 Jul 1128, under which property was restored to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[436]

Juhel & his wife had seven children: 

1.         GEOFFROY [III] de Mayenne (-18 Feb or 25 Jul 1169).  "Juhello principe Meduane et uxore eius Clementia et filio eorum Gaufrido primogenito" subscribed a charter dated 12 and 26 Jul 1128, under which property was restored to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[437].  He succeeded his father in 1161 as Seigneur de Mayenne.  He went on crusade in 1163[438]m firstly CONSTANCE de Bretagne, daughter of CONAN III Duke of Brittany & his wife Matilda [of England] (-1148).  Constance is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the younger daughter of Duke Conan III, died 1148[439].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The information has not therefore been verified.  m secondly ([1161]) as her first husband, ISABELLE de Meulan, daughter of GALERAN de Beaumont-le-Roger Comte de Meulan & his wife Agnes de Montfort Dame de Gournay-sur-Marne (-10 May 1220, bur Savigny).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Her two marriages are confirmed by the undated charter by which her son "Mauritius dominus Credoni" confirmed the donation by "Constantia soror mea" of revenue set by "dominus Juhellus frater meus" at "apud Harperiam" to the abbey of Clarei, by undated charter, witnessed by "…domina Isabel matre mea, domina Gervasia…"[440].  She married secondly ([1170]) Maurice [II] Seigneur de Craon.  Henry II King of England confirmed a donation to Savigny by "Ysabell filie Gualerandi comitis de Mellento", with the consent of "filiis suis Juhello…filio Gaufridi de Meduana, et Mauricio et Petro, filiis Mauricii de Creon", by charter dated to [Apr 1180/Jan 1183][441].  "…Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauritio et Petro et Philippo de Sauconeio, Paganus de Sancto Amatore, Guillelmi de Vitreio et Mauritius frater eius" witnessed the charter dated 1191 under which "Mauritius de Credone Hugonis filius" confirmed donations to "ecclesiæ de Rota"[442].  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem[443]"Constancia soror domini Amaurici de Credone" donated property to Roë, with the consent of “...Isabel matris meæ et Juhel de Meduana et Amauricii de Credone fratrum meorum”, by charter dated 1217[444]The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death in 1220 of "Juhellus de Meduana…domina Isabel mater eius"[445]The Gesta Guillelmi Majoris Andegavensis Episcopi names “dominis de Credonio…et Isabella Domina de Credonio” among those present at the burial of Bishop Guillaume, undated but stated to be during the reign of Philippe II King of France[446]The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death in 1220 of "Juhellus de Meduana…domina Isabel mater eius"[447]Geoffroy and his [first][448] wife had one child: 

a)         MATHILDE de Mayenne .  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1204] under which her son "Theobaldus de Mathefelon" ratified donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "dominus Juhellus de Meduana…avunculus meus"[449]The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  "Andreas de Vitreio" donated property to Savigny, for the souls of "patris mei Roberti et matris mee Emme et uxoris mee Mathildis", with the consent of "Mathildis uxor mea et fratres mei Alanus et Robertus", by charter dated to [1173/84][450][451]m firstly as his first wife, ANDRE [I] Seigneur de Vitré, son of ROBERT Seigneur de Vitré & his wife Emma de Dinan.  m secondly THIBAUT de Mathefelon, son of HUGUES de Mathefelon & his wife Elisabeth de Mathefelon (-after 1197). 

b)         CLEMENCE de Mayenne (-before 1209).  "Robertus de Sabolio et Hersent mater eius et Clementia uxor eius et Petrus de Brion" founded the abbey of Bois-Renon by charter dated 1189, which specifies that "Robertus de Sabolio" donated property granted by “Juellus Dominus Meduana vice maritiagii Clementiæ sororis suæ” for the soul of “Clementiæ uxoris suæ[452].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1205 under which her daughter "Margarita domina Sabolii" confirmed donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "avunculi mei domini Juhelli de Meduana"[453].  Douglas Richardson has pointed out that Clémence must have been her father´s daughter by his first marriage, otherwise her granddaughter Jeanne des Roches (daughter of Clémence´s daughter Marguerite de Sablé) would have married her great-uncle (Amaury [I] Seigneur de Craon, son of Isabelle de Meulan, second wife of Clémence´s father by her second marriage)[454].  Dame d'Angon.  m ROBERT [IV] Seigneur de Sablé, son of ROBERT [III] Seigneur de Sablé [Nevers] & his wife Hersende --- (-in Palestine [1195]). 

Geoffroy and his [second] wife had one child: 

c)         JUHEL [II] de Mayenne (-killed in battle 12 or 26 Apr, 2 or 4 May 1220, bur Fontaine-Daniel).  “Juhellus dominus Meduanæ, frater Gaufredi, cuius pater…Juhellus senior” restored property to the monks of Saint-Etienne by undated charter which names “Juhello avo meo[455].  It is suggested that “frater Gaufredi” in this charter is an error, and that Geoffroy was the father not brother of Juhel, otherwise “Juhello avo meo” cannot be identified.  He succeeded his father in 1169 as Seigneur de Mayenne, as a minor until 1183.  He went on Crusade in 1190.  "Juhellus de Meduana" restored property to the monks of Mont, as he was leaving on crusade, by charter dated to [1190][456].  "Juhellus de Meduana" confirmed the donation to Fontaine-Daniel by "Guillelmus de Meduana avunculus meus" for the souls of "Juhelli patris sui et matris suæ Clementiæ et Gaufridi fratris sui, patris mei" by charter dated to [1195][457].  The Scripta de Feodis of King Philippe II, dated to the early 13th century, record “...Juhellus de Meduana...” among “milites Britanniæ[458].  "Juhellus dominus Meduanæ et Dinani…Gervasia uxor mea filia Alani de Dinan…Isabella mater mea" founded the abbey of Fontaine-Daniel by charter dated 19 May 1205[459].  "Juhel seigneur de Mayenne" donated property to the priory of Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "Gervaise sa femme", by charter dated 12 Feb 1207, witnessed by "…Isabelle de Mayenne…"[460].  "Juhellus de Meduana…cum assensu…Gervasie uxoris mee" confirmed the donation of property to Craon Bonshommes made by "Stephanum de Chastelou et eius uxorem" by charter dated 1210[461]"Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[462]"Constancia soror domini Amaurici de Credone" donated property to Roë, with the consent of “...Isabel matris meæ et Juhel de Meduana et Amauricii de Credone fratrum meorum”, by charter dated 1217[463]The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death "VI Kal Mai" in 1220 of "Juhellus de Meduana"[464].  The obituary of Craon Bonshommes records the death 12 Apr of "dominus Juhellus de Meduana dominus Meduane et Dinani fundator prioratus de Monteguidonis", adding that he donated property with the consent of "Gervasie uxoris sue filie et heredis Theobaldi de Dinan"[465]m (before 1189) as her first husband, GERVAISE de Vitré Vicomtesse de Dinan, daughter of ALAIN Seigneur de Vitré & his wife Clémence de Fougères (-[1235/41]).  "Juhellus dominus Meduanæ et Dinani…Gervasia uxor mea filia Alani de Dinan…Isabella mater mea" founded the abbey of Fontaine-Daniel by charter dated 19 May 1205[466].  "Juhel seigneur de Mayenne" donated property to the priory of Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "Gervaise sa femme", by charter dated 12 Feb 1207, witnessed by "…Isabelle de Mayenne…"[467].  "Juhellus de Meduana…cum assensu…Gervasie uxoris mee" confirmed the donation of property to Craon Bonshommes made by "Stephanum de Chastelou et eius uxorem" by charter dated 1210[468]"Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[469].  The obituary of Craon Bonshommes records the death 12 Apr of "dominus Juhellus de Meduana dominus Meduane et Dinani fundator prioratus de Monteguidonis", adding that he donated property with the consent of "Gervasie uxoris sue filie et heredis Theobaldi de Dinan"[470].  She married secondly Geoffroy [I] Vicomte de Rohan.  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis…et Margarita uxor mea" renewed a donation of property to the abbey of Bon-Repos by "Gervasia domina Dinani", for the soul of "bone memorie Gaufridi vicecomitis de Rohan quondam mariti sui", by charter dated 1229[471].  She married thirdly (before Jan 1224) Richard Marshal, who succeeded his brother in 1231 as Earl of Pembroke, hereditary Master Marshal.  "Gervasia domina Dinanni" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "heredum meorum Johanne, Isabelis et Margarite" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[472].  "Gervasia domina Dynanni" donated property after the death of "bone memorie Richardi Marischallis, quondam mariti mei" by charter dated 1236[473].  "Gervasia domina de Dynan" confirmed donations of "bone memorie Juhelli de Meduana quondam mariti nostri" by charter dated 1235[474].  Juhel & his wife had three children: 

i)          ISABELLE de Mayenne (-11 Nov 1257).  "Juhel seigneur de Mayenne" donated property to the priory of Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "Gervaise sa femme", by charter dated 12 Feb 1207, witnessed by "…Isabelle de Mayenne…"[475]"Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[476]Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1267 which records the settlement of a dispute between Robertus de Sancerro miles” and “Joanne comite de Sancerro fratre suo”, after arbitration by “Guillelmum de Calviniaco dominum Castri-Radulphi et Joannem de Claviniaco dominum de Leproso milites”, the document also naming “Ludovicum comitem Sacri-Cesaris defunctum patrem eorum fratrum et Isabellam dominam Meduanæ defunctam quondam uxorem dicti Ludovici[477]She succeeded her father in 1220 as Dame de Mayenne.  "Gervasia domina Dinanni" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "heredum meorum Johanne, Isabelis et Margarite" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[478].  "Isabella uxor Droconis de Melloto, militis, domini de Meduana" ratified a donation to the abbey of Mont by charter dated 1237[479].  "Drocho de Melloto dominus Locharum et Meduanæ et Ysabellis uxor eius hæres et domina Meduanæ" donated property to the abbey of Fontaine-Daniel by charter dated Jun 1243[480]The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "V Id Apr" of "Ysabellis domina Meduane"[481]m firstly (before 1218) DREUX de Mello Seigneur de Saint-Maurice-Thizouailles, de Loches et de Châtillon-sur-Indre, son of DREUX [I] de Mello & his second wife Ermengarde --- (after 1172-Cyprus 8 Jan 1249).  "Droco de Melloto dominus Locharum et Meduanæ" donated a serf to Marmoutier by charter dated 1223[482]m secondly (before 1251) as his second wife, LOUIS [I] Comte de Sancerre, son of GUILLAUME [I] Comte de Sancerre [Champagne-Blois] & his second wife Marie de Charenton (-1268). 

ii)         JEANNE de Mayenne (-11 Apr ----)"Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[483]"Gervasia domina Dinanni" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "heredum meorum Johanne, Isabelis et Margarite" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[484]The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Dame de la Chartre 1233.  Dame de Lassay et de Château-du-Loir 1246.  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "III Id Apr" of "Johanna de Meduana, quondam comitissa Vidoeinensis"[485]m PIERRE Comte de Vendôme, son of JEAN de Montoire Comte de Vendôme & his wife Aiglantine --- (-in Egypt 25 Mar 1249). 

iii)        MARGUERITE de Mayenne (-15 Jan before 1264)"Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[486]"Gervasia domina Dinanni" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "heredum meorum Johanne, Isabelis et Margarite" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[487].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1241 under which "Droco de Melloto, Locharam et Meduane dominus" [married to her older sister] wrote to "fratri suo domino Henrico de Avalgor", naming "bone memorie domine Gervasie"[488].  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis…et Margarita uxor mea" renewed a donation of property to the abbey of Bon-Repos by "Gervasia domina Dinani", for the soul of "bone memorie Gaufridi vicecomitis de Rohan quondam mariti sui", by charter dated 1229[489].  “Henricus de Avaugor” records that “castrum meum de Ponte Ursionis” belonged to “me et Margaritam uxorem meam” in a charter dated 2 Sep 1233[490].  "Margarita uxor…Henrici de Avaugor" donated property owned by "domina Gervasia mater mea" to the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois, with the consent of "Alani et Juhelli filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1237[491].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "XVIII Kal Feb" of "domine Margarite uxoris domini Henrici d´Avalgor"[492]m (before 1220) HENRI [II] d'Avaugour ex-Comte de Penthièvre Seigneur de Goëllo, son of ALAIN de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre & his second wife Adélaïde --- ([1205]-6 Oct 1281, bur Dinan). 

2.         GAUTHIER de Mayenne (-before 1191).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the names of those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[493].  "Walter de Maine" confirmed the donation of land in Perriton to Bruton by undated charter witnessed by "Cecilia comitissa uxore mea…"[494]m (before 1166) as her third husband, CECILY, heiress of Swanscombe, Kent, widow firstly of ROGER FitzMiles of Gloucester Earl of Hereford and secondly of GUILLAUME de Poitou, daughter of PAYN FitzJohn of Ewyas, co. Hereford, Sheriff of Hereford and Shropshire & his wife Sibyl de Lacy (-1207).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire records that “Rogerus comes Hereford” married “vicecomes Paganus…filiam[495].  King Stephen confirmed to "Rogo filio Milonis Gloec et Cecilie uxori sue filie Pag fil Johis" the lands of her father by charter dated to [Dec 1137/May 1138][496].  "Walter de Maine" confirmed the donation of land in Perriton to Bruton by undated charter witnessed by "Cecilia comitissa uxore mea…"[497].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "comitissa Hereford quæ fuit uxor Walteri de Meduana" paying "xiv l x s de scutagio militum de veteri feffamento xxix milites" in Kent[498].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "honor Walteri de Meduana" paying "xxix l, per Ciciliam comitissam Herfordiæ et Willelmum de Monte Kanisio, xxix milites" in Kent[499].  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight´s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[500]

3.         HAMELIN de Mayenne .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1150/80. 

4.         GUILLAUME de Mayenne (-before [1195]).  "Guillelmus de Meduna" donated property to Fontaine-Daniel, for the souls of "Juhelli patris sui et matris meæ Clementiæ" by undated charter[501].  "Guillelmus de Meduana" donated property to the monks of Montguion by charter dated 1189[502].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "honor Walteri de Meduana" paying "xxix l, xxix milites" in Kent[503].  "Juhellus de Meduana" confirmed the donation to Fontaine-Daniel by "Guillelmus de Meduana avunculus meus" for the souls of "Juhelli patris sui et matris suæ Clementiæ et Gaufridi fratris sui, patris mei" by charter dated to [1195][504]

5.         GUY .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1158/62. 

6.         JUHEL (-after 1173).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1158/73.  [m (after 1163) as her second husband, MATILDA de Bohun, widow of HENRY d'Oilly, daughter of HUMPHREY de Bohun & his wife Margaret of Hereford ([1140/43]-after 9 Feb 1196).  Her possible second marriage is confirmed by the Feet of Fines which records the judgment dated 9 Feb 1196 in a claim by "Henricus de Bohon…pro Adam de Greiuill" against "Matill de Bohon" concerning land "villa de Waleton…villam de Blakemer" and "in villa de Niweton" given to Matilda "in maritagium quondam Iuhellus de Mee---e"[505].  It is supposed that Matilda was the plaintiff´s aunt, although this is not specifically stated in the document.  It is supposed that the name "de Mee---e" indicates Mayenne, but this is not beyond all doubt.  She married [thirdly] as his second wife, Walter FitzRobert of Little Dunmow, Essex.] 

7.         ALINE (-15 Sep [1180]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Doubleau (-[1030/40])Seigneur de Mondoubleau.  Hugues Doubleau donated the priory of Tuffé to the church of Château-du-Loir by charter dated [1013], subscribed by "Hugonis Cenomannensis civitatis comitis, Avesgaudi episcopi ipsius civitatis…Hugonis ipsius militis qui hoc preceptum fieri iussit, Hugonis filii eius…"[506].  "…Hugonis Dublelli…" witnessed the charter dated to [955/1015] under which "Hugo comes Cenomanensium" donated property to the abbey of Mont[507].  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[508].  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[509]m as her second husband, ADELA, widow of ROGER de la Tour, daughter of FOUCHER "le Riche" de Vendôme & & his wife Hildearde/Adela --- (-[after 1040]).  "Adela, Fulcherii nata, Hugonis femina" donated "in villa…Marcelli terram", with the consent of "meo filio Fulcherio necnon sorore sua Agnete" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1040[510].  "Addela…genitoris mei Fulcherii preclara…Hugonis conjugis mei devota" donated property "in Burziaco" to Saint-Martin by undated charter[511].  Hugues & his wife had eight children: 

a)         EUDES de Doubleau (-after 3 Jun 1040).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[512]Seigneur de Mondoubleau

-        see below

b)         HUGUES de Doubleau (-after Jan 1058).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[513].  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[514].  "Hugo archidiaconus cognomento Dublellus et Odo frater eius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati confessoris" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1040[515].  "Hugo archidiaconus, Odo et Girardus fratres ipsius Hugonis archidiaconi, Hugo nepos eorum…" signed the charter dated 1057 and Jan 1058 which records the sale of property by "Nivelone filio Graulfi", with the consent of "Hugone archidiacono et Hugone nepote suo et sorore eius, filiis Odonis Dublelli, Odone quoque Rufo ipsius Nivelonis domino…[et] uxore etiam et filia ipsius Nivelonis", to La Trinité de Vendôme[516]

c)         HERVE de Doubleau (-[after 1040]).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[517].  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[518]

d)         GEOFFROY de Doubleau (-[after 1040]).  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[519]

e)         GISELBERT de Doubleau (-before [1061]).  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[520].  A charter dated to [1050] records the sale by "Guismando", with the consent of "uxore sua…Emelina…filio eorum…Guismando…nec non Gisleberto fratre Emeline", of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino", and that after the death of Hildiarde "Guismandus filius Guismandi" unjustly claimed the mill[521]m ---.  The name of Giselbert´s wife is not known.  Giselbert & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          [NIHARD .  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061], witnessed by "Hildeardis, Vulgrinus filius eius…"[522]

ii)         [MARIE .  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061][523]

iii)        [ARNOUL .  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061][524]

iv)       [ARCHAMBAUD .  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061][525]

f)          EMMELINE de Doubleau .  A charter dated to [1050] records the sale by "Guismando", with the consent of "uxore sua…Emelina…filio eorum…Guismando…nec non Gisleberto fratre Emeline", of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino", and that after the death of Hildiarde "Guismandus filius Guismandi" unjustly claimed the mill[526]m GUISMAND, son of ---. 

g)         GERARD (-after Jan 1058).  "Hugo archidiaconus, Odo et Girardus fratres ipsius Hugonis archidiaconi, Hugo nepos eorum…" signed the charter dated 1057 and Jan 1058 which records the sale of property by "Nivelone filio Graulfi", with the consent of "Hugone archidiacono et Hugone nepote suo et sorore eius, filiis Odonis Dublelli, Odone quoque Rufo ipsius Nivelonis domino…[et] uxore etiam et filia ipsius Nivelonis", to La Trinité de Vendôme[527].  "Hugo archidiaconus, Girardus et Odo monachi fratres eius, Hugo nepos eorum…" witnessed the charter dated to [1058] which records the sale of "Cormanon cum ecclesia" by "Nivelone filio Graulfi" to La Trinité de Vendôme[528]

h)         EUDES (-after Jan 1058).  "Hugo archidiaconus, Odo et Girardus fratres ipsius Hugonis archidiaconi, Hugo nepos eorum…" signed the charter dated 1057 and Jan 1058 which records the sale of property by "Nivelone filio Graulfi", with the consent of "Hugone archidiacono et Hugone nepote suo et sorore eius, filiis Odonis Dublelli, Odone quoque Rufo ipsius Nivelonis domino…[et] uxore etiam et filia ipsius Nivelonis", to La Trinité de Vendôme[529].  "Hugo archidiaconus, Girardus et Odo monachi fratres eius, Hugo nepos eorum…" witnessed the charter dated to [1058] which records the sale of "Cormanon cum ecclesia" by "Nivelone filio Graulfi" to La Trinité de Vendôme[530].  This second charter confirms that Eudes was a different brother from Eudes Seigneur de Mondoubleau (husband of Placentia de Montoire). 

 

 

1.         GISELBERT (-after [1030]).  It is unlikely that this was the same person as Giselbert, son of Hugues de Mondoubleau, who is shown above.  He is not named as the son of Hugues in the charter which is quoted next, which only names two of the donor´s sons.  This suggests that Hugues´s other two sons, named in the charter dated to before 1040 which is quoted above, were either not born at the time or were too young to be named.  The presence of Giselbert and his son in the charter suggests a close family connection, maybe through the female side of the family.  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[531]m ---.  The name of Giselbert´s wife is not known.  Giselbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         HILGOD (-after [1030]).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[532].  "Hilgodis, Gisleberti filius" required the monks of Marmoutier to make further payments for the church of Naveil by undated charter signed by "Hugo archidiaconus, Hilgodius nepos eius…"[533]

 

 

EUDES de Doubleau, son of HUGUES de Doubleau Seigneur de Mondoubleau & his wife Adela --- (-after 3 Jun 1040).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[534].  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[535]Seigneur de Mondoubleau.  "Hugo archidiaconus cognomento Dublellus et Odo frater eius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati confessoris" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1040[536].  "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, in the presence of "Haimerico genero Symonis de Lavarzino", by charter dated 3 Jun 1040, which names his son "Hugonis" (adding that he was granted "honorem de Montedublello" by Geoffroy "Martel" Comte d´Anjou after his father died), "Hamelinus de Langeia" (who succeeded after the death of Hugues) and "eius uxor Adriena, soror Hugonis", "Fredescendis filia Odonis Dublelli uxor Nivelongis Pagani, filii Nivelonis de Carnoto" (who wanted to rescind the donation after her husband was killed)[537]

m as her first husband, PLACENTIA de Montoire, daughter of NIHARD de Montoire & his wife ---.  She married secondly Alberic.  A charter dated 5 Dec 1059 records the sale to La Trinité de Vendôme of "ecclesiam...Longa-Ulmus", held by "Hugo Theodelini filius" from "Nihardi de Monte-Aureo", and notes that after the death of "Nihardi" he was succeeded “in honorem” by “Alberico...cum filia eius” whom he had married[538].  A charter dated 10 Mar 1062 records sales to La Trinité de Vendôme with the approval of "Nihardo de Monteaureo" and after his death "unicam filiam...Placentia"[539].  Her parentage is also suggested by "…Mathei de Monte Aureo, Drogonis fratris eius…" witnessing the charter dated to [1067/74], under which [her son-in-law] "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[540]Her first marriage is indicated by a charter dated 15 Jul 1081 which records the confirmation by "Hamelinus Galterii filius" of the churches of Gombergean and Lancôme by La Trinité de Vendôme with the approval of "Helvisa conjux ipsius, filia Odonis Dublelli quæ nata illi fuerat de uxore sua, filia...Nihardi de Monteaureo"[541].  The chronology of the charters quoted in this section and of her descendants dictates the order of Placentia´s marriages.   

Eudes & his wife had two children: 

1.         HELVISE [Adriana/Hodierna] de Doubleau ([1020/25]-after 15 Mar 1075).  Her parentage and two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated to [1067/74] under which her second husband "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani"[542].  The issue is confused by a charter dated 3 Jun 1040, which records the donation by "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" of "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, states that "Hamelinus de Langeia" succeeded as seigneur de Mondoubleau after the death of Hugues, that "eius uxor Adriena, soror Hugonis" wanted to rescind part of the donation, and that "Fredescendis filia Odonis Dublelli uxor Nivelongis Pagani, filii Nivelonis de Carnoto" wanted to rescind the donation after her husband was killed[543].  If this document is correct, Eudes de Mondoubleau had two daughters, "Adriana" married to Hamelin de Langeais and "Fredescendis" married to Nivelon de Fréteval.  However, the charter dated to [1067/74] quoted above names a single daughter "Helviza" who was the wife of "Pagani", by whom she had "Ilberti", and secondly of Hamelin.  A more remote possibility is that there were two sisters, both of whom married Hamelin in turn.  The question is clarified by the charter dated 15 Mar 1075 which records donations by "Hugo filius Odonis Dublelli" and by "Hamelinus de Langeia", with the consent of "Adierna uxor eius, sororis…Hugonis", and states that Hamelin succeeded "in honorem Hugoni" after the death of the latter[544].  This last document clarifies that Hamelin succeeded to Mondoubleau after returning from Rome which, the wording of the charter implies, was a relatively recent event.  If that is correct, there is insufficient time for Hamelin to have been married to two sisters, given that the supposed second sister was the mother of Ilbert by her former marriage.  The conclusion is therefore that the 3 Jun 1040 charter version of events must be incorrect, that Eudes de Mondoubleau had only one daughter, and that she was referred to as Helvise and Hodierna in different documents.  m firstly NIVELON [II] [Paganus] de Fréteval, son of NIVELON [I] Seigneur de Fréteval & his wife Ermentrude --- (-killed in battle Fréteval [1042/44])m secondly (]1042/44]) HAMELIN de Langeais, son of GAUTHIER de Langeais & his wife Hersende --- (-after [1100]).  Seigneur de Mondoubleau [1073/74]. 

2.         HUGUES de Doubleau ([1030/40]-[1073]).  A charter dated 3 Jun 1040, which records the donation by "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" of "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, records that his son "Hugonis" was granted "honorem de Montedublello" by Geoffroy "Martel" Comte d´Anjou after his father died[545].  The charter dated 15 Mar 1075, quoted below, confirms that Hugues was still a child when his father died.  If this is correct, he must have been much younger than his sister and the questions arises whether they were born from the same marriage.  "Hugo archidiaconus, Odo et Girardus fratres ipsius Hugonis archidiaconi, Hugo nepos eorum…" signed the charter dated 1057 and Jan 1058 which records the sale of property by "Nivelone filio Graulfi", with the consent of "Hugone archidiacono et Hugone nepote suo et sorore eius, filiis Odonis Dublelli, Odone quoque Rufo ipsius Nivelonis domino…[et] uxore etiam et filia ipsius Nivelonis", to La Trinité de Vendôme[546]Seigneur de MontdoubleauA charter dated to before 1074 confirms that "Hugo Dublellus junior" was buried at Saint-Vincent du Mans, in the presence of "Herberto filio Hugonis et eius uxore"[547].  A charter dated 15 Mar 1075 records that "Hugo filius Odonis Dublelli", once he was adult, confirmed previous donations to La Trinité de Vendôme which he had made "in pueritia sua" at the court of Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou, for the souls of "…patrui…Hugonis archidiaconi", that "Hamelinus de Langeia" succeeded "in honorem Hugoni" following his return from Rome after Hugues died and further confirmed donations with the consent of "Adierna uxor eius, sororis…Hugonis"[548]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU (FRETEVAL)

 

 

ILBERT [Pagan] de Fréteval, son of NIVELON [II] [Paganus] de Fréteval & his wife Helvise de Mondoubleau (before [1042/44]-[1110]).  "…Ilberti filii Nivelonis, Fulcherii fratris eius, Girardi fratris eius…" signed the charter dated to [1046/64] under which "Gelduinus…vicecomes" donated a serf to Marmoutier[549]"Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74][550]Seigneur de MondoubleauA charter dated 28 Oct 1084 records the reparations made by "comes Burchardus filius Fulconis Vindocinensis" to La Trinité de Vendôme for a judgment against the abbey, witnessed by "Radulfus vicecomes, Fulcherius de Fractavalle, Paganus de Montedublello…"[551].  A charter dated 1085 before 6 Aug recalls the donation by "Nivelo Nivelonis filius", husband of "filiam Odonis Dublelli quondam Montis Dublelli domini", to La Trinité de Vendôme and the confirmation by "filius…Nivelo…cognomento Paganus", witnessed by "Burchardo comite…"[552].  "Ildebertus cognomento Paganus filius predicte Helvise" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent after he recovered "Montem Dublellum" by charter dated to [1080/1103][553]Orderic Vitalis records that “Raganus de Monte-Dublelis” held “castrum Balaonem”, dated to [1088][554]A charter dated to end-11th century records that "Paganus de Monte Dublelli" relinquished claims against the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans relating to property "apud Tufiacum"[555]

[m firstly ---.  No proof of this first marriage has been found.  However, the wording of the charter which names Ilbert and his wife Aiga suggests that the latter was not the mother of his daughter Guiburge, pointing to an earlier marriage.] 

m [secondly] AIGA, daughter of ---.  "Paganus de Monte Dublelli et Aia uxor sua" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent with the consent of "Wiburgis supradicti Pagani filia" by charter dated to the end of the 11th century[556].  "Aiga uxor Pagani de Monte Dublelli" consented to the donation by "Salomon vicarius…cum filia eius Papina" to the abbey of Saint-Vincent dated to [1100][557]

Ilbert & his [first] wife had [five] children: 

1.         HELVISE (-[1154]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Dame de Mondoubleau.  "Gaufrido vicecomite, Helvisa uxore eius, Hugone filio eius, Alpez et Helvisa filiabus eius…" witnessed an undated charter which records a donation by "Arnulfus de Semblentiaco", after he had died as a monk, to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[558].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Gaufridum vicecomitem Castriduni" confirmed the donation by "cuidam militia suo…qui erat de progenie uxoris sue Helvise, Ernulfo…de Semblentiaco" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[559]"Uxor eius Helvisis et duo filii eius Hugo et Paganus cum duabus sororibus eorum Alpasia et Helvise" consented to the donation by "Gaufredus vicecomes Castriduni" by charter dated 1125[560].  "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni et Helvisa uxor eius et Hugo et Paganus filii eius et dua filia eius Alpes et Helvisa" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated 1129[561]"Gaufridus Castridunensis vicecomes et eius...uxor Helvisa" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of “filiis et filiabus suis...Hugone, Huberto, Aupeza, Heloisa”, by charter dated 1133, witnessed by “...Guillelmus de Porcheria nepos Heloisse vicecomitisse...Agnes soror vicecomitisse[562]"Goffridus vicecomes Castridunensis et dominus Montisdublelli et Helvisa uxor mea" confirmed "ecclesiam…Sancti Petri de Curte-Magnonis" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1 Dec 1134, later consented to by "primogenitus filius noster Hugo, Isbertus Paganus, et filie nostre Alpet, Helvisa et Mahildis"[563].  A charter dated 1145 records that Geoffroy Bishop of Chartres had excommunicated "Gaufridum Castriduni vicecomitem et filios eius Hugonem et Paganum et castrum eorum", but that on his deathbed apud Carnotum” had become a monk at Tiron Sainte-Trinité and that “uxor eius Helois vicecomitissa et filius eorum Hugo” had made peace with the abbey[564]m firstly --- de Semblency, son of ---.  m secondly GEOFFROY [III] Vicomte de Châteaudun, son of HUGUES Vicomte de Châteaudun & his wife Agnès de Fréteval (-Chartres 12 Apr [1140/45]). 

2.         GUIBURGE .  "Paganus de Monte Dublelli et Aia uxor sua" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent with the consent of "Wiburgis supradicti Pagani filia" by charter dated to the end of the 11th century[565].  The wording of this charter suggests that Aiga was not the mother of Guiburge, pointing to an earlier marriage of her father.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m BARTHELEMY "le Riche", son of GEOFFROY [Payen] & his wife --- (-[1148]).  He died on crusade. 

3.         AGNES (-after 1133).  "Gaufridus Castridunensis vicecomes et eius...uxor Helvisa" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of “filiis et filiabus suis...Hugone, Huberto, Aupeza, Heloisa”, by charter dated 1133, witnessed by “...Guillelmus de Porcheria nepos Heloisse vicecomitisse...Agnes soror vicecomitisse[566]

4.         [--- .  It is not known whether the mother of Guillaume de Porcherie was Agnes who is named above.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Porcherie (-after 1133).  "Gaufridus Castridunensis vicecomes et eius...uxor Helvisa" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of “filiis et filiabus suis...Hugone, Huberto, Aupeza, Heloisa”, by charter dated 1133, witnessed by “...Guillelmus de Porcheria nepos Heloisse vicecomitisse...Agnes soror vicecomitisse[567]

5.         [--- .  The identity of the parents of Guiburge [de Mondoubleau] is uncertain.  The chronology appears to dictate that Guiburge could not have been the same person as Guiburge, wife of Barthélemy "le Riche", who is shown above.  Firstly, Barthélemy is recorded with adult children at the time he died (dated to [1148]), meaning that it would have been impossible for his widow to have married Patrick [II] de Chaources as her second husband and extremely unlikely that she had married Barthélemy as her second husband after the death of Patrick [II].  Secondly, the birth date of Ilbert [Payen] Seigneur de Mondoubleau suggests that his children must have been born in the mid- to late 11th century, while there are indications that Pagan de Chaources (son of Guiburge [de Mondoubleau]) only reached the age of majority in the early 1150s.  For these reasons, it is more likely that Guiburge was a granddaughter of Ilbert, presumably born to one of the daughters who are named above.  If that is correct, the name Mondoubleau was passed through the female line twice to Guiburge´s son Pagan.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         GUIBURGE [de Mondoubleau] (-after 1151)Her connection with the Mondoubleau family is indicated by her son adopting that name, but the precise parentage of Guiburge has not been ascertained.  A charter dated to [1142] records that Geoffroy Duke of Normandy and Comte d´Anjou donated “terciam partem…in decima de Bellasilva…de Pagano de Monte Dublello et de Guib[erta] matre eius que de feodo meo est” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture[568].  "Payen de Sourches et Guiburge sa mère" founded Tyronneau abbey at Saint-Aignan, canton of Marolles-les-Braux in 1151[569]m PATRICK [II] de Chaources, son of PATRICK [I] de Chaources & his wife Matilda de Hesdin (-before [1142]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE

 

 

1.         --- de Montoire m --- [de Montigny], daughter of GAUTHIER & his wife Hersende ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1040/44] under which "Guanilo thesaurarius Sancti Martino" donated "ecclesiam juxta Montiniacum castrum meum", for the souls of "Ratherii de Montiniaco et Hugonis filii eius", with the consent of "Nihardus de Monte Aureo nepos meus…et alius nepos meus Guanilo…filois Gauscelini…et alii duo nepotes mei Cleopas et Guanilo filii Malranni de Castro Noiastro cum sorore ipsorum…Hersindi uxore Adelardi Barduni"[570].  One child: 

a)         NIHARD de Montoire (-before 1059).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1040/44] under which "Guanilo thesaurarius Sancti Martino" donated "ecclesiam juxta Montiniacum castrum meum", for the souls of "Ratherii de Montiniaco et Hugonis filii eius", with the consent of "Nihardus de Monte Aureo nepos meus…"[571].  A charter dated 1059 and 1063 records the consent given by "Nihardus", previously withheld, to the payment to "Guarino fratri hujus Hugonis" relating to the purchase of “Longa-Ulmus” [Lancôme] by the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, the charter dated 5 Dec 1059 concerning the original purchase excepting “una causa Alberici de Monte-Aureo senioris sui[572].  A charter dated 5 Dec 1059 records the sale to La Trinité de Vendôme of "ecclesiam...Longa-Ulmus", held by "Hugo Theodelini filius" from "Nihardi de Monte-Aureo", and notes that after the death of "Nihardi" he was succeeded “in honorem” by “Alberico...cum filia eius” whom he had married[573]m ---.  The name of Nihard´s wife is not known.  Nihard & his wife had one child

i)          PLACENTIA de Montoire (-after 10 Mar 1062).  A charter dated 5 Dec 1059 records the sale to La Trinité de Vendôme of "ecclesiam...Longa-Ulmus", held by "Hugo Theodelini filius" from "Nihardi de Monte-Aureo", and notes that after the death of "Nihardi" he was succeeded “in honorem” by “Alberico...cum filia eius” whom he had married[574].  A charter dated 10 Mar 1062 records sales to La Trinité de Vendôme with the approval of "Nihardo de Monteaureo" and after his death "unicam filiam...Placentia"[575].  Her parentage is also suggested by "…Mathei de Monte Aureo, Drogonis fratris eius…" witnessing the charter dated to [1067/74], under which [her son-in-law] "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[576]Her first marriage is indicated by a charter dated 15 Jul 1081 which records the confirmation by "Hamelinus Galterii filius" of the churches of Gombergean and Lancôme by La Trinité de Vendôme with the approval of "Helvisa conjux ipsius, filia Odonis Dublelli quæ nata illi fuerat de uxore sua, filia...Nihardi de Monteaureo"[577].  The chronology of the charters quoted in this section and of her descendants dictates the order of Placentia´s marriages.  m firstly EUDES de Doubleau Seigneur de Mondoubleau, son of HUGUES de Doubleau Seigneur de Mondoubleau & his wife Adela --- (-after 3 Jun 1040).  m secondly (before 1059) ALBERIC de Montoire, son of --- (-after 1066).  "Albericus de Monte-aureo…Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1066 under which "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier[578]

 

 

Three brothers, parents not known. 

1.         MATHIEU de Montoire (-after 1066).  "Matheus et Drogo de Monteaureo" donated property to Marmoutier, on the death of "miles…Hugo Burgundio prenominatus…apud castellum Sanctæ Mauræ…a Gaufrido comite obsideretur…interfectus…quorum frater", by charter dated before 1064[579].  "Albericus de Monte-aureo…Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1066 under which "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier[580]"Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74], signed by "…Mathei de Monte Aureo, Drogonis fratris eius…"[581]

2.         DREUX de Montoire (-after 1066).  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][582].  "Matheus et Drogo de Monteaureo" donated property to Marmoutier, on the death of "miles…Hugo Burgundio prenominatus…apud castellum Sanctæ Mauræ…a Gaufrido comite obsideretur…interfectus…quorum frater", by charter dated before 1064[583].  "Albericus de Monte-aureo…Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1066 under which "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier[584]"Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74], signed by "…Mathei de Monte Aureo, Drogonis fratris eius…"[585]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][586].  Dreux & his wife had six children: 

a)         HUGUES de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][587]

b)         ROBERT de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][588]

c)         CECILE de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][589]

d)         EUSEBIE de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][590]

e)         MATHILDE de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][591]

f)          HAMELINE de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][592]

3.         HUGUES "Burgundio" (-killed in battle Saint-Maure [1063]).  "Matheus et Drogo de Monteaureo" donated property to Marmoutier, on the death of "miles…Hugo Burgundio prenominatus…apud castellum Sanctæ Mauræ…a Gaufrido comite obsideretur…interfectus…quorum frater", by charter dated before 1064[593]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE (SEIGNEURS de LANGEAIS)

 

 

PIERRE de Langeais, son of HAMELIN de Langeais & his wife Helvise de Mondoubleau (-after 1121).  "Hamelinus et filii eius…Petro…Philippus prior natu et Odo Duplellus" withdrew their claims against "Capellam-Anscherici" by charter dated to [1100][594].  Seigneur de Montoire.  "Gauffridus Vindocinensis comes" restored the mills of "Ponte et…Friquembaldi" to "Petrus filius Hamelini hæres [Amelini de Monte-Aureo]" at the request of the abbé of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1121[595].  A charter dated to [1130/39] records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, later confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent, in the presence of "Philippus et Harduinus filii eius, Hugo de Monteaureo…domnus Bartholomeus de Vindocino, Wlgrinus frater eius…Ada uxor Petri et Aanor uxor Philippi…"[596]

m ADA [de Montoire, daughter of HAMELIN de Montoire & his wife ---].  "…Ada uxor Petri…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[597].  The charter dated 1121 which records that "Gauffridus Vindocinensis comes" restored the mills of "Ponte et…Friquembaldi" to "Petrus filius Hamelini hæres [Amelini de Monte-Aureo]" at the request of the abbé of La Trinité de Vendôme[598] suggests that Pierre may have inherited the properties by marriage, given that the identity of his own parents is known from other sources. 

Pierre & his wife had two children: 

1.         PHILIPPE de Montoire .  "Philippus et Harduinus filii eius…et Aanor uxor Philippi…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[599]m (before [1130/39]) ELEONORE, daughter of ---.  "Philippus et Harduinus filii eius…et Aanor uxor Philippi…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[600].  Philippe & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Montoire (-before 1202).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m AGNES de Vendôme, daughter of BOUCHARD [IV] Comte de Vendôme & his wife Agatha --- (-1201, bur Abbaye de Notre Dame de Fontaines).  "Burchardus…Johannis Vindocinensis comitis filius" made donations to Lavardin dated [1185/1202] for the soul of his wife Agatha, in which he names "filii eius Rodulfus et Gaufridus et Agnes soror eorum"[601].  "Burchardus comes Vindocini" confirmed the donation to Fontaines by "Johannes dominus de Montorio nepos meus", confirming the donation by "Petrus de Montorio pater suus" for the soul of "Agnetis uxoris suæ…meæ filiæ", by charter dated 1202[602].  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEAN de Montoire (-before 1240)"Burchardus comes Vindocini" confirmed the donation to Fontaines by "Johannes dominus de Montorio nepos meus", confirming the donation by "Petrus de Montorio pater suus" for the soul of "Agnetis uxoris suæ…meæ filiæ", by charter dated 1202[603].  "Jean sire de Montorii" relinquished his rights in the abbey of Toussaint in favour of "Barthélemy son oncle archevêque de Tours" by charter dated 1204[604]He suceded his maternal uncle in [1217] as Comte de Vendôme

-         COMTES de VENDÔME

ii)         MATHILDE de Montoirem GEOFFROY de Palluau, son of ---.  1205. 

2.         HARDUIN de Montoire .  "Philippus et Harduinus filii eius…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[605]

 

 

1.         --- de Montoirem as her first husband, MELISENDE, daughter of --- (-before 1196).  She married secondly Hugues de Chavernai.  "Philippus de Monteaureo et Lucia soror eius" donated revenue "super terram Joannis de Parrineio" to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "Milesendis matris sue" with the consent of "Hugonis de Chavernai mariti eius", by charter dated 1196[606].  Two children: 

a)         PHILIPPE de Montoire .  "Philippus de Monteaureo et Lucia soror eius" donated revenue "super terram Joannis de Parrineio" to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "Milesendis matris sue" with the consent of "Hugonis de Chavernai mariti eius", by charter dated 1196[607]

b)         LUCIE de Montoire .  "Philippus de Monteaureo et Lucia soror eius" donated revenue "super terram Joannis de Parrineio" to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "Milesendis matris sue" with the consent of "Hugonis de Chavernai mariti eius", by charter dated 1196[608]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  SEIGNEURS des MONTS

 

 

The editor of the cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans which has been consulted suggests that "…Hugonis de Montibus…", who witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, held the fief of les Monts near Lauresse[609]

 

 

1.         HUGUES des Monts (-after [1110]).  "…Hugone de Montibus…" signed the charter dated to [1110] which records the donation by "Avesgaudum de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "domnum Rotrochum cum uxore sua…Lucia et quatuor filiis suis"[610]m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

a)         GILDUIN"Rotrocus de Monteforti, Hugo de Vallibus, Droco filius Nihardi, Paganus de Mosteriolo, Gilduinus filius Hugonis de Montibus, Elinandus frater eius, Patricius de Mortereia et Turgisus frater eius" witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, under which "Herbertus Desreatus" donated "terram…apud Sangeium" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[611]

b)         ELINAND"Rotrocus de Monteforti, Hugo de Vallibus, Droco filius Nihardi, Paganus de Mosteriolo, Gilduinus filius Hugonis de Montibus, Elinandus frater eius, Patricius de Mortereia et Turgisus frater eius" witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, under which "Herbertus Desreatus" donated "terram…apud Sangeium" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[612]

 

 

Two brothers:

2.         GUILLAUME des Monts (-after 1169).  A charter dated 1169 records the donation of the church of Saint-Martin de Monts to "Gaufrido clerico de Montibus" and the renunciation by "miles…Willelmus de Montibus, frater predicti Gaufridi"[613]

3.         GEOFFROY des Monts .  A charter dated 1169 records the donation of the church of Saint-Martin de Monts to "Gaufrido clerico de Montibus" and the renunciation by "miles…Willelmus de Montibus, frater predicti Gaufridi"[614]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  SEIGNEURS de PREUILLY

 

 

Preuilly is mentioned in the early 10th century: “Atto vice-comes seu uxor sua Imma” exchanged property “ex eorum proprio in pago Turonico” with Hugues Abbot of Saint-Martin-de-Tours, including “in vicaria Abiliaxense in loco...Pruliacus” by charter dated Apr 937[615].  Carré de Busserolle records that the castle was destroyed in 1116 by Foulques V Comte d’Anjou and restored by “Pierre de Montrabel” [grandson of Geoffroy “Jourdain” de Preuilly Comte de Vendôme, see below]  in [1130][616]

 

 

1.         --- .  m AMELINE, daughter of ---.  "Matrem Gosfridi de Prulliaco, Amelinam" appointed Eudes II Comte de Blois to oversee "terram apud Balneolas" {Baigneaux}, by charter dated to before 1037 which adds that Comte Eudes appointed "Rotberto vicecomiti de Lavarzino" as his deputy for this purpose[617]One child: 

a)         GEOFFROY [II] de Preuilly (-killed 1067).  Seigneur de Preuilly"…Goffrido de Prulliaco…" witnessed a charter dated 1039 which records that "miles…Walterius…filius Hamelini de Lingaiis" was sentenced to relinquish property held from Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou for having killed "cognatum predicti comitis…Mauricium", Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme[618].  "…Gausfridi senioris de Prulliaco, Almodis uxoris eius…" signed the charter dated to [1032/64] by which "Gausbertus…de Prulliaco" donated a serf to Marmoutier[619]The Chronicon Turonensi records that "Gaufridus de Pruliaco" rebelled in Anjou in 1062 and was killed, commenting that he invented tournaments[620].  "Theobaldus de Rupibus" renounced his claim to "allodum de Nozilliaco" which "primogenitores mei" had donated to Tours Saint-Julien, with the consent of "fratris mei Harduini clerici…comitis Goffridi Dominique mei Gaulfredi Pruliacensis", by charter dated 1064 signed by "Gaulfredi de Prulliaco thesaurarius Sancti Martini"[621].  The Chronica Rainaldi names "Gaufrido de Pruilliaco, Rainaldo de Castro Gunterii, Giraldo de Mosterolo" as the three main conspirators in the betrayal of "Goffridus junior…Barbatum" by "Fulconi fratri suo…Non Apr" in 1067, during which they were killed[622]The Chronicon Vindocinense records that "Gaufredo…de Prulliaco, Rainaldo de Castro-Gunterii, Giraldo de Monasteriolo" were captured and killed in 1067 after Foulques IV "le Réchin" Comte d´Anjou captured and imprisoned "fratrem suum…comes Gaufredus junior…Barbatum"[623]m ALMODIS, daughter of --- (-after 1 Aug [1097]).  "…Gausfridi senioris de Prulliaco, Almodis uxoris eius…" signed the charter dated to [1032/64] by which "Gausbertus…de Prulliaco" donated a serf to Marmoutier[624]Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1068] under which her son "Gaufridus de Pruliaco cognomento Jordanis" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Lupi de Ruiliaco" to Marmoutier, on the advice of "matris mee Almodis"[625].  “Gaufridus cognomento Jordanis, in castri possessione...Pruliacum...a patre meo...Gaufrido filius et heres” donated property to Preuilly by charter dated to 1 Aug [1097], witnessed by “Almodii matris sue, Beatrix sororis eius...[626]Geoffroy [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          GEOFFROY "Jourdain" de Preuilly (-killed in battle Ramleh 19 May 1102)"Gaufridus de Pruliaco cognomento Jordanis" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Lupi de Ruiliaco" to Marmoutier, on the advice of "matris mee Almodis", by charter dated to [1068][627]Seigneur de Preuilly, Seigneur de Bossay.  Comte de Vendôme 1085. 

-         COMTES de VENDÔME

ii)         BEATRIX de Preuilly (-after 1 Aug [1097]).  Gaufridus cognomento Jordanis, in castri possessione...Pruliacum...a patre meo...Gaufrido filius et heres” donated property to Preuilly by charter dated to 1 Aug [1097], witnessed by “Almodii matris sue, Beatrix sororis eius...[628]

iii)        [--- de Preuilly Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 6 Dec 1064 which records disputes between Marmoutier and "Theobaldus Harduini frater de Rupibus Corbonis", relating to rights of pasturage on "l´île Thibaut", which records that Thibaut was encouraged by "uxoris suæ Gaufridi de Prulliaco filia", signed by "…Harduino clerico, Theobaldi fratre"[629].  The date of the charter suggests that her father was Geoffroy [II] de Preuilly but this is not free from doubt.  m as his first wife, THIBAUT [I] Seigneur de Rochecorbon, son of CORBON & his wife ---.] 

 

 

It is not known whether the following persons were related to the main family of seigneurs de Preuilly.  It is possible that they belonged to families of knights who adopted the name of the castle without being related to their liege. 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Preuilly (-after 1064).  Thesaurarius of Marmoutier.  "Gaufredo de Pruiliaco thesaurario Sancti Martini…" signed the charter dated 1061 under which Geoffroy III "le Barbu" donated a serf to Marmoutier[630].  It is assumed that this was not a lay appointment and that this Geoffroy de Preuilly was not the same person as Geoffroy [II] Seigneur de Preuilly.  "Theobaldus de Rupibus" renounced his claim to "allodum de Nozilliaco" which "primogenitores mei" had donated to Tours Saint-Julien, with the consent of "fratris mei Harduini clerici…comitis Goffridi Dominique mei Gaulfredi Pruliacensis", by charter dated 1064 signed by "Gaulfredi de Prulliaco thesaurarius Sancti Martini"[631]

 

2.         --- de Preuilly (-before 1064).  m ADELAIS, daughter of ---.  Two children: 

a)         GOSBERT de Preuilly .  "Gausbertus…de Prulliaco" donated a serf to Marmoutier by undated charter, dated to [1032/64], signed by "Gausberti qui hanc cartam fieri iussit, Adilois matris eius, Gausfridi senioris de Prulliaco, Almodis uxoris eius…Uncberti Infunduti, Agne uxoris eius sororis…ipsius Gausberti…"[632]

b)         AGNES de Preuilly .  "Gausberti qui hanc cartam fieri iussit, Adilois matris eius…Uncberti Infunduti, Agne uxoris eius sororis…ipsius Gausberti…" signed the charter dated to [1032/64] by which "Gausbertus…de Prulliaco" donated a serf to Marmoutier[633]m HUMBERT "Infundutus", son of ---. 

 

3.         JEAN de Preuilly .  He is named in his son’s charter dated 29 Nov quoted below.  m JEANNE, daughter of ---.  She is named in her son’s charter dated 29 Nov quoted below.  Jean & his wife had one child: 

a)         GAUSBERT de PreuillySeigneur de Preuilly.  “Gausbert seigneur de Preuilly” donated the church of Saint-Martin de Bossay to the monks of Saint-Pierre de Preuilly, for the souls of “son père Jean et de sa mère Jeanne”, with the advice of Geoffroy Comte de Vendôme, by charter dated “III Kal Dec vivente Urbano Papa romano et Philippo Francorum rege”, 29 Nov [1088/98][634]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  SEIGNEURS des VAUX

 

 

The edition of the cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans which has been consulted suggests that "…Hugo de Vallibus…", who witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, held the fief of Vaux, at La Chapelle Saint-Rémy, near Lauresse[635].  The name of this family suggests a connection with the Vaux family in England (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY) but if that is correct the precise relationship has not been established. 

 

 

1.         HUGUES des Vaux"Rotrocus de Monteforti, Hugo de Vallibus, Droco filius Nihardi, Paganus de Mosteriolo, Gilduinus filius Hugonis de Montibus, Elinandus frater eius, Patricius de Mortereia et Turgisus frater eius" witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, under which "Herbertus Desreatus" donated "terram…apud Sangeium" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[636]

 

2.         JOSCELIN des Vaux (-[1104/15] or after).  "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…Wiscelini de Vallibus"[637].  A charter dated to [1104/15] recods that "Wiscelinum de Vallibus", when still young, donated his part of "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1104/15], which states that "Fulcoio Bocello cum quadam sorore sua, matre…Pagani Bocelli" also donated their parts, and that Goscelin was accepted as a monk "apud Lucellum", in the presence of "Pagano Boccello nepote eius"[638]

3.         daughter .  A charter dated to [1104/15] recods that "Wiscelinum de Vallibus", when still young, donated his part of "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1104/15], which states that "Fulcoio Bocello cum quadam sorore sua, matre…Pagani Bocelli" also donated their parts, and that Goscelin was accepted as a monk "apud Lucellum", in the presence of "Pagano Boccello nepote eius"[639]m FULCO Bocel, son of ---.  Fulco & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         PAGAN Bocel .  A charter dated to [1104/15] recods that "Wiscelinum de Vallibus", when still young, donated his part of "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1104/15], which states that "Fulcoio Bocello cum quadam sorore sua, matre…Pagani Bocelli" also donated their parts, and that Goscelin was accepted as a monk "apud Lucellum", in the presence of "Pagano Boccello nepote eius"[640].  "Paganus Boccellus" chose three executors to administer "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" by charter dated to [1110/16], which records that another part in the church belonged to "nepti sue, uxor…Griponis"[641]

b)         [daughter .]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          daughter .  "Paganus Boccellus" chose three executors to administer "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" by charter dated to [1110/16], which records that another part in the church belonged to "nepti sue, uxor…Griponis"[642]m GRIPO, daughter of ---. 

 

 

1.         GUY des Vaux (-after [1098]).  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][643]m --- (-before [1098]).  The name of Guy´s wife is not known.  Guy & his wife had five children: 

a)         HUGUES .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][644]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][645].  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEOFFROY .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][646]

ii)         LISIARD .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][647]

b)         EUDES .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][648]

c)         HERIBERT .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][649]

d)         DENISE .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][650]

e)         SUBTIVE .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][651]

 

2.         FOUCHER des Vaux (-after 1136).  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[652]m ---.  The name of Foucher´s wife is not known.  Foucher & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME des Vaux .  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[653]

b)         RENAUD des Vaux .  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[654]

c)         GEOFFROY des Vaux .  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[655]

 

3.         HUBERT des Vaux (-after [1155/57]).  "…Huberto de Vallibus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1155/57] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn[656]

 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Tome I, no. 2. 

[2] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, II, p. 49. 

[3] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[4] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, II, p. 49. 

[5] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[6] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, II, p. 49. 

[7] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[8] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, II, p. 49. 

[9] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[10] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[11] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 604, p. 346. 

[12] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 590, p. 337. 

[13] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 23, p. 24. 

[14] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 36, p. 32. 

[15] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[16] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, II, p. 49. 

[17] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 738, p. 419. 

[18] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 317, p. 190. 

[19] ES III 687. 

[20] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 778, p. 441. 

[21] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 738, p. 419. 

[22] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 317, p. 190. 

[23] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCCLIII, p. 242. 

[24] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 738, p. 419. 

[25] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 317, p. 190. 

[26] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 778, p. 441. 

[27] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 317, p. 190. 

[28] Cars & Ledru (1887), Introduction, p. xvi, and pp. 2-3. 

[29] Cars & Ledru (1887), p. 2. 

[30] Cars & Ledru (1887), p. 2, citing Cartulaire de Bourgeuil (no precise citation reference). 

[31] Cars & Ledru (1887), p. 2. 

[32] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 480, p. 276. 

[33] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 483, p. 278. 

[34] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 485, p. 279. 

[35] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 480, p. 276. 

[36] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 485, p. 279. 

[37] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 480, 481, pp. 276-7. 

[38] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 483, p. 278. 

[39] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 485, p. 279. 

[40] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 480, p. 276. 

[41] Cars & Ledru (1887), pp. 2 and 19. 

[42] Couture Saint-Pierre, XIV, p. 20. 

[43] Couture Saint-Pierre, XIV, p. 20. 

[44] Couture Saint-Pierre, XIV, p. 20. 

[45] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 483, p. 278. 

[46] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 484, p. 279. 

[47] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 485, p. 279. 

[48] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCLXIV, p. 413. 

[49] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 128, p. 83. 

[50] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 780, p. 442. 

[51] Couture Saint-Pierre, XXVII, p. 37. 

[52] Couture Saint-Pierre, XVIII, p. 30. 

[53] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives XXXVII, p. 666. 

[54] Couture Saint-Pierre, XX, p. 31. 

[55] Couture Saint-Pierre, XVIII, p. 30. 

[56] Couture Saint-Pierre, XX, p. 31. 

[57] Couture Saint-Pierre, XXI, p. 32. 

[58] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, Historia monasterii sancti Petri Gloucestriæ, p. 91. 

[59] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCLXXXVI, p. 301. 

[60] Couture Saint-Pierre, CII, p. 89. 

[61] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[62] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[63] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[64] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[65] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXXIV, p. 72. 

[66] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[67] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXXIV, p. 72. 

[68] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[69] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[70] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[71] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[72] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[73] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[74] Château-du-Loir 22, pp. 8-9. 

[75] Château-du-Loir 22, pp. 8-9. 

[76] Château-du-Loir 22, pp. 8-9. 

[77] Le Mans Saint-Victeur IV, p. 5. 

[78] Nécrologe du Mans, p. 10. 

[79] Château-du-Loir 1, p. 1. 

[80] Château-du-Loir 17, pp. 6-7. 

[81] Château-du-Loir 2, p. 1. 

[82] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[83] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[84] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[85] Château-du-Loir 26, p. 13. 

[86] Nécrologe du Mans, p. 151. 

[87] Varin (1844) Seconde Partie, Statuts, Vol. I, p. 84. 

[88] Château-du-Loir 6, p. 2. 

[89] Château-du-Loir 6, p. 2. 

[90] Château-du-Loir 6, p. 2. 

[91] Château-du-Loir 9, p. 4. 

[92] Château-du-Loir 21, p. 8. 

[93] Château-du-Loir 36, p. 21, specifying that the agreement is printed in Histoire de Vendôme, par l'abbé Simon, t. II, pp. 223-4. 

[94] Château-du-Loir 59, p. 30. 

[95] Château-du-Loir 36, p. 21, specifying that the agreement is printed in Histoire de Vendôme, par l'abbé Simon, t. II, pp. 223-4. 

[96] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 17, p. 29, and Château-du-Loir 18, p. 7. 

[97] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, CCCXXVII, p. 372. 

[98] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[99] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 17, p. 29, and Château-du-Loir 18, p. 7. 

[100] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. V, p. 229 footnote 4, citing Guillot, O. (1972) Le comte d'Anjou et son entourage au XI siècle (Paris), Vol. I, pp. 333-5. 

[101] Château-du-Loir 20, p. 8. 

[102] Château-du-Loir 35, p. 20. 

[103] Nécrologe du Mans, p. 147. 

[104] Château-du-Loir 27, p. 13. 

[105] Birth date range estimated on the basis of the estimated date of his first marriage and the known date of birth of his paternal uncle. 

[106] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. V, Book X, p. 229. 

[107] Le Mans Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour (1907), CCVII, Supplement, p. 293. 

[108] Château-du-Loir 27, p. 13. 

[109] Château-du-Loir, 65, p. 32. 

[110] Château-du-Loir 27, p. 13. 

[111] Château-du-Loir 57, p. 29. 

[112] Château-du-Loir, 66, p. 32. 

[113] Château-du-Loir, 65, p. 32. 

[114] Château-du-Loir, 66, p. 32. 

[115] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. V, Book X, p. 229. 

[116] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. V, Book X, p. 229. 

[117] Château-du-Loir, 64, p. 32. 

[118] Château-du-Loir 67, p. 33. 

[119] Château-du-Loir 25, p. 12. 

[120] Château-du-Loir 60, p. 30. 

[121] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, CCCCXII, p. 19. 

[122] Château-du-Loir 51, p. 27. 

[123] Nécrologe du Mans, p. 316. 

[124] Nécrologe du Mans, p. 104. 

[125] Nécrologe du Mans, p. 104. 

[126] Château-du-Loir 27, p. 13. 

[127] Château-du-Loir 48, p. 24. 

[128] Château-du-Loir 50, p. 25. 

[129] Château-du-Loir 25, p. 12. 

[130] Château-du-Loir 27, p. 13. 

[131] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, p. 90 footnote 6, and p. 91 footnote 1. 

[132] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 139, p. 88. 

[133] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 139, p. 88. 

[134] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 140, p. 91. 

[135] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 142, p. 91. 

[136] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 139, p. 88. 

[137] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, p. 420. 

[138] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 140, p. 91. 

[139] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 114, p. 76. 

[140] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[141] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[142] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[143] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[144] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 116, p. 78. 

[145] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 292, p. 172. 

[146] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 117, p. 79. 

[147] Assé-le-Riboul, VII, p. 9. 

[148] Assé-le-Riboul, IV, p. 7. 

[149] Assé-le-Riboul, VII, p. 9. 

[150] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[151] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[152] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 292, p. 172. 

[153] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[154] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[155] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[156] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[157] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 115, p. 77. 

[158] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 292, p. 172. 

[159] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 117, p. 79. 

[160] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 292, p. 172. 

[161] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Monks Kirby Priory, Warwickshire, I, p. 996. 

[162] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Monks Kirby Priory, Warwickshire, I, p. 996. 

[163] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 596, p. 342. 

[164] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 596, p. 342. 

[165] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 596, p. 342. 

[166] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome III, DCXXXVII, p. 3. 

[167] Carré de Busserolle (1883), Tome V, p. 202. 

[168] Carré de Busserolle (1883), Tome V, p. 202. 

[169] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, DXXIV, p. 360. 

[170] Chartes Vendômoises CLXXXIII, p. 173. 

[171] Châteaudun Hôtel-Dieu, XLI, p. 28. 

[172] Bécheron, CXLVIII, p. 129. 

[173] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome III, DCXXXVII, p. 3. 

[174] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome III, DCXXXVII, p. 3. 

[175] Marmoutier-Dunois, Cartæ Prioratuum Dunensium, CLXXXV, p. 176. 

[176] Bécheron CXLVIII, p. 129. 

[177] Châteaudun Hôtel-Dieu XLI, p. 28. 

[178] Bécheron, CXLVIII, p. 129. 

[179] Dugdale Monasticon III, Shrewsbury Abbey, XI, Genealogia Dominorum Bellismontium, p. 522.   

[180] Perseigne, XVII, p. 45. 

[181] Châteaudun La Madeleine, LXII, p. 67. 

[182] Châteaudun La Madeleine, LXII, p. 67. 

[183] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[184] Châteaudun La Madeleine, LXII, p. 67. 

[185] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[186] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[187] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXXI, p. 132. 

[188] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXL, p. 138. 

[189] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CLIX, p. 157. 

[190] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[191] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXXI, p. 132. 

[192] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXL, p. 138. 

[193] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[194] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXXI, p. 132. 

[195] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXL, p. 138. 

[196] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[197] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXXI, p. 132. 

[198] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXL, p. 138. 

[199] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[200] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[201] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXXI, p. 132. 

[202] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXL, p. 138. 

[203] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[204] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXXI, p. 132. 

[205] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXL, p. 138. 

[206] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CLXXVIII, p. 183. 

[207] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[208] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXXI, p. 132. 

[209] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXL, p. 138. 

[210] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXV, p. 127. 

[211] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXXXI, p. 132. 

[212] Châteaudun La Madeleine, CXL, p. 138. 

[213] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16 and 17, pp. 25 and 29. 

[214] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, p. 12. 

[215] Broussillon (1895), Tome I. 

[216] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 126, p. 102. 

[217] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 288, p. 171. 

[218] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 8, p. 21. 

[219] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 9, p. 23. 

[220] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[221] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 17, p. 29, and Château-du-Loir 18, p. 7. 

[222] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CLIX, p. 276. 

[223] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 28, p. 39. 

[224] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 20, p. 35. 

[225] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 27, p. 38. 

[226] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 8, p. 21. 

[227] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 17, p. 29, and Château-du-Loir 18, p. 7. 

[228] Angers Saint-Aubin, I, CCCXXVII, p. 372. 

[229] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[230] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 9, p. 23. 

[231] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[232] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 20, p. 35. 

[233] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 8, p. 21. 

[234] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 9, p. 23. 

[235] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[236] Anjou Charité, CCCLXII, p. 221. 

[237] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 17, p. 29, and Château-du-Loir 18, p. 7. 

[238] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[239] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CLIX, p. 276. 

[240] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 28, p. 39. 

[241] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 52, p. 50, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXII. 

[242] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 8, p. 21. 

[243] Anjou Charité, CCCLXII, p. 221. 

[244] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 52, p. 50, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXII. 

[245] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 62, p. 63, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCCII. 

[246] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 67, p. 65. 

[247] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 8, p. 21. 

[248] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 8, p. 21. 

[249] Anjou Charité, CCCLXIII, p. 221. 

[250] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 64, p. 63. 

[251] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives XXXVII, p. 666. 

[252] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 85, p. 72. 

[253] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[254] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[255] Anjou Charité, CDIV, p. 246. 

[256] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 45, p. 48, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCCIV. 

[257] Anjou Charité, CCCLXII, p. 221. 

[258] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 52, p. 50, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXII. 

[259] Anjou Charité, CCCLXXIII, p. 228. 

[260] Anjou Charité, CCCLXII, p. 221. 

[261] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[262] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 17, p. 29, and Château-du-Loir 18, p. 7. 

[263] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[264] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 52, p. 50, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXII. 

[265] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[266] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[267] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[268] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 17, p. 29, and Château-du-Loir 18, p. 7. 

[269] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[270] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 31, p. 46, citing B.N., Housseau, 709, and Gallia 1656, IV, 395. 

[271] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[272] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 17, p. 29, and Château-du-Loir 18, p. 7. 

[273] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[274] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 103, p. 81, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXXVI. 

[275] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, IV.  

[276] Dugdale Monasticon V, Pontefract, Yorkshire, III, p. 121.   

[277] Dugdale Monasticon V, Pontefract, Yorkshire, p. 118.   

[278] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), "Everwicscira, Norhumb’land", pp. 29 and 34. 

[279] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), "Oxenefordsc", p. 4. 

[280] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. III, 1489, p. 183. 

[281] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 8, p. 21. 

[282] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 52, p. 50, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXII. 

[283] Anjou Charité, CCCLXIII, p. 221. 

[284] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 62, p. 63, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCCII. 

[285] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 64, p. 63. 

[286] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 67, p. 65. 

[287] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 75, p. 69. 

[288] Patrologia Latina, Vol. 151, Beati Urbani II Pontificis Romani epistolæ et privilegia, CLXXVI-CLXXXII, 0449A-0456A. 

[289] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 91, p. 74, extract only, citing Arch. du Maine-et-Loire, and Marchegay Reconstitution du Cartulaire de Saint-Nicolas

[290] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 93, p. 74, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXVIII. 

[291] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCXII, p. 171. 

[292] Anjou Charité, CCCLXXXI, p. 232. 

[293] Robert de Torigny Tome I, 1159, p. 319. 

[294] Anjou Charité, CCCLXIII, p. 221. 

[295] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 64, p. 63. 

[296] Château-du-Loir 51, p. 27. 

[297] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 67, p. 65. 

[298] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 85, p. 72. 

[299] Anjou Charité, CCCLXXXI, p. 232. 

[300] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 84, p. 71, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXXX. 

[301] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 565, and Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 626, p. 361. 

[302] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 85, p. 72. 

[303] Anjou Charité, CCCLXXXI, p. 232. 

[304] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 118, p. 99. 

[305] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 111, p. 87. 

[306] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), p. 171, quoting charte de La Roë, CXCIX. 

[307] ES III 135. 

[308] Domesday Descendants, p. 458. 

[309] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 85, p. 72. 

[310] Anjou Charité, CCCLXXXI, p. 232. 

[311] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 146. 

[312] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 103, p. 81, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXXVI. 

[313] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 118, p. 99. 

[314] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, p. 79. 

[315] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 132, p. 104. 

[316] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 140, p. 105. 

[317] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 118, p. 99. 

[318] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 125, p. 102. 

[319] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 126, p. 102. 

[320] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 128, p. 103. 

[321] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 132, p. 104. 

[322] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 140, p. 105. 

[323] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 149, p. 110. 

[324] Fougères Sainte-Trinité, XVII, p. 237. 

[325] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 149, p. 110. 

[326] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 298, p. 177. 

[327] Fougères Sainte-Trinité XVII, p. 237. 

[328] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 149, p. 110. 

[329] Fougères Sainte-Trinité XVII, p. 237. 

[330] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 201, p. 139. 

[331] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 233, p. 149. 

[332] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[333] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 284, p. 166. 

[334] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 288, p. 171. 

[335] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 298, p. 177. 

[336] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[337] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 68. 

[338] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 284, p. 166. 

[339] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 288, p. 171. 

[340] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 298, p. 177. 

[341] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 327, p. 202. 

[342] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 333, p. 206. 

[343] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 340, p. 208. 

[344] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 288, p. 171. 

[345] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 288, p. 171. 

[346] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 288, p. 171. 

[347] Dugdale Monasticon III, Shrewsbury Abbey, XI, Genealogia Dominorum Bellismontium, p. 522.   

[348] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 333, p. 206. 

[349] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 340, p. 208. 

[350] Paris Notre-Dame, Tome II, IV, XVII, p. 160. 

[351] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 381, p. 222. 

[352] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Joyenval, p. 292.       

[353] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 149, p. 110. 

[354] Ex Fragmentis Chronicorum Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 244. 

[355] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 194, p. 127, extract only, citing Marchegay Cartulaires du Bas-Poitou, La Chaise-le-Vicomte, XXIV. 

[356] Chartes Vendômoises, CXII, p. 145. 

[357] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 132, p. 104. 

[358] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 149, p. 110. 

[359] Fougères Sainte-Trinité XVII, p. 237. 

[360] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 233, p. 149. 

[361] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, p. 81, and 168-187, p. 123. 

[362] Broussillon (1898), Tome II. 

[363] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Joyenval, p. 292.       

[364] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 366 bis, p. 217, extract only, citing A.N., MM, 746, 223. 

[365] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 917. 

[366] ES XIV 139. 

[367] Ex Fragmentis Chronicorum Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 244. 

[368] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 1058. 

[369] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 1206. 

[370] ES XIV 138.  

[371] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 1293. 

[372] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 504, p. 360. 

[373] Père Anselme, Tome VII, p. 73. 

[374] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 1639. 

[375] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 1639. 

[376] Broussillon (1898), Tome II, 584, p. 148. 

[377] Père Anselme, Tome VII, p. 73. 

[378] Vallet de Viriville (1858), Tome III, Chap. 285, p. 95. 

[379] Gaspare Fuscolillo, I, p. 52. 

[380] Père Anselme, Tome VI, p. 768. 

[381] The date of her will. 

[382] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 138. 

[383] Père Anselme, Tome I, p. 323. 

[384] La Thaumassière (1689), p. 530. 

[385] La Thaumassière (1689), p. 531. 

[386] Broussillon (1893), Tome II, 911, p. 105. 

[387] Broussillon (1893), Tome II, 928, p. 109. 

[388] Broussillon (1893), Tome II, 912, p. 106. 

[389] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome II, col. 975. 

[390] Broussillon (1893), Tome II, 928, p. 109. 

[391] Le Mans Saint-Victeur IV, p. 5. 

[392] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 245, p. 148. 

[393] Angers 46, p. 98. 

[394] Tours Saint-Julien (1912), 18, p. 26. 

[395] Extrait de la Chronique de Normandie, RHGF, Tome XIII, p. 236. 

[396] Actus pontificum Cenomannis, p. 377. 

[397] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXLII, p. 68. 

[398] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[399] Actus pontificum Cenomannis, p. 377. 

[400] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[401] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[402] Actus pontificum Cenomannis, p. 417. 

[403] Round (1899) 423, p. 142. 

[404] ES XIII 133. 

[405] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, III.  

[406] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXVIII, p. 123. 

[407] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, III.  

[408] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 564, although Aline does not appear in ES XIII 45 "Les Sires de Baugency".   

[409] ES XIII 133. 

[410] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, IV.  

[411] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 567 footnote 7. 

[412] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, III. 

[413] Round (1899) 792, p. 287. 

[414] Domesday Descendants, p. 577. 

[415] Abbayette Saint-Michel, 9, p. 20. 

[416] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, III.  

[417] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 567 footnote 7. 

[418] Dijon Saint-Bénigne II, 438, p. 212. 

[419] Du Chesne (Bourgogne), Preuves, p. 35. 

[420] Petit, Vol. II, 355, p. 268. 

[421] Obituaires de Lyon II, Diocèse de Chalon-sur-Saône, Abbaye chef d'ordre de Cîteaux, p. 608.       

[422] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, IV.  

[423] ES XIII 133. 

[424] Menjot d’Elbenne (1876), Appendice, I, p. 47. 

[425] Abbayette saint-Michel 8, p. 18. 

[426] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[427] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[428] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, III.  

[429] Round (1899) 792, p. 287. 

[430] Abbayette saint-Michel 9, p. 20. 

[431] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Middlesex, p. 152. 

[432] ES XIII 133. 

[433] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, IV.  

[434] Pipe Roll  4 Hen II (1157), Somerset, p. 122, and Devonshire, p. 159. 

[435] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Du Chesne, 1619), Liber VIII, XXXV, p. 311. 

[436] Abbayette saint-Michel 10, p. 21. 

[437] Abbayette saint-Michel 10, p. 21. 

[438] Domesday Descendants, p. 577. 

[439] ES II 75 Neu, at end of ES III.1. 

[440] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, XVII.  

[441] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCXXVIII, p. 238. 

[442] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E3, p. 598. 

[443] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[444] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 239, p. 161. 

[445] Ex Chronico Savigniacensis Monasterii, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 352. 

[446] Gesta Guillelmi Majoris Andegavensis Episcopi, Spicilegium II, p. 161. 

[447] Ex Chronico Savigniacensis Monasterii, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 351. 

[448] ES XIII 133.  According to Domesday Descendants, p. 577, all his children were by his wife Isabelle de Meulan. 

[449] Fontaine-Daniel, XVI, p. 20. 

[450] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 165, p. 120. 

[451] Domesday Descendants, p. 577.  This first marriage is not shown in ES XIII 133. 

[452] Ménage (1683), Tome I, p. 169. 

[453] Fontaine-Daniel, XIX, p. 36. 

[454] Douglas Richardson in a private email to the author dated 13 Feb 2012. 

[455] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 981. 

[456] Abbayette Saint-Michel 17, p. 28. 

[457] Fontaine-Daniel, VII, p. 10. 

[458] RHGF, Tome XXIII, Scripta de Feodem ad Regem spectantibus, 355, p. 684. 

[459] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, XVIII.  

[460] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Fontenay-le-Pesnel, 1, p. 354. 

[461] Craon Bonshommes, IX, p. 13. 

[462] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 820. 

[463] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 239, p. 161. 

[464] Ex Chronico Savigniacensis Monasterii, RHGF, Tome XVIII, p. 351. 

[465] Craon Bonshommes, Obituaire, p. 107. 

[466] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, XVIII, and Fontaine-Daniel, XVIII, p. 26. 

[467] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Fontenay-le-Pesnel, 1, p. 354. 

[468] Craon Bonshommes, IX, p. 13. 

[469] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 820. 

[470] Craon Bonshommes, Obituaire, p. 107. 

[471] Morbihan 260, p. 212. 

[472] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome IV, XX, p. 367. 

[473] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome III Diocèse de Saint-Brieuc (Part 2), CVII, p. 85. 

[474] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome III (Part 2), XCVIII, p. 81. 

[475] Calvados (Anisy), Vol. I, Fontenay-le-Pesnel, 1, p. 354. 

[476] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 820. 

[477] La Thaumassière (1679), p. 728. 

[478] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome IV, XX, p. 367. 

[479] Abbayette Saint-Michel 33, p. 43. 

[480] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, XXX.  

[481] Nécrologe du Mans, p. 80. 

[482] Grandmaison (1865), Appendix, LXII, p. 187. 

[483] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 820. 

[484] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome IV, XX, p. 367. 

[485] Nécrologe du Mans, p. 82. 

[486] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 820. 

[487] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome IV, XX, p. 367. 

[488] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome III (Part 2), CXXXIII, p. 97. 

[489] Morbihan 260, p. 212. 

[490] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, 2253, p. 255. 

[491] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome III (Part 2), CXVII, p. 89. 

[492] Geslin de Bourgogne (1864) Tome IV, Nécrologe de Beauport, p. 221. 

[493] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 195. 

[494] Bruton, 148, p. 34. 

[495] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire, I, Historia Fundationis eiusdem, p. 262. 

[496] Ancient Charters (Round), Part I, 21, p. 35. 

[497] Bruton, 148, p. 34. 

[498] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 70. 

[499] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VIII regis Ricardi scutagium Normanniæ ad XXs, p. 96. 

[500] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 671, p. 393. 

[501] Fontaine-Daniel, VI, p. 9.  

[502] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, XXVIII.  

[503] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 79. 

[504] Fontaine-Daniel, VII, p. 10. 

[505] Feet of Fines 1182 to 1196, 114, p. 99. 

[506] Château-du-Loir, 3, p. 2. 

[507] Le Mans Saint-Victeur II, p. 2. 

[508] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 375. 

[509] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXII, p. 99. 

[510] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XXIII, p. 44. 

[511] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LIX, p. 95. 

[512] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 375. 

[513] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 375. 

[514] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXII, p. 99. 

[515] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XXI, p. 41. 

[516] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXVIII, p. 212. 

[517] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 375. 

[518] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXII, p. 99. 

[519] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXII, p. 99. 

[520] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXII, p. 99. 

[521] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XXX, p. 46. 

[522] Marmoutier-Vendômois, CLXXIII, p. 245. 

[523] Marmoutier-Vendômois, CLXXIII, p. 245. 

[524] Marmoutier-Vendômois, CLXXIII, p. 245. 

[525] Marmoutier-Vendômois, CLXXIII, p. 245. 

[526] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XXX, p. 46. 

[527] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXVIII, p. 212. 

[528] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXIX, p. 215. 

[529] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXVIII, p. 212. 

[530] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXIX, p. 215. 

[531] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 375.  

[532] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 375. 

[533] Marmoutier-Vendômois, VI, p. 9. 

[534] Veterum Scriptorum I, col. 375. 

[535] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXII, p. 99. 

[536] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XXI, p. 41. 

[537] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XLVI, p. 99. 

[538] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXXVIII, p. 229. 

[539] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CLIV, p. 267. 

[540] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[541] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCII, p. 7. 

[542] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[543] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XLVI, p. 99. 

[544] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCL, p. 394. 

[545] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XLVI, p. 99. 

[546] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXVIII, p. 212. 

[547] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 176, p. 107. 

[548] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCL, p. 394. 

[549] Grandmaison (1865), LI, p. 49. 

[550] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[551] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXIX, p. 25. 

[552] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXXV, p. 36. 

[553] Chartes Vendômoises LIX, p. 82. 

[554] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, V, p. 296. 

[555] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 192, p. 121. 

[556] Chartes Vendômoises LXII, p. 84. 

[557] Chartes Vendômoises LXVI, p. 87. 

[558] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 197, p. 124. 

[559] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 198, p. 124. 

[560] Marmoutier-Dunois, Cartæ Prioratuum Dunensium, CLXXVII, p. 169. 

[561] Tiron Sainte-Trinité, CIX, p. 129. 

[562] Tiron Sainte-Trinité, Tome I, CLXXXV, p. 207. 

[563] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCLXXI, p. 262. 

[564] Tiron Sainte-Trinité, Tome II, CCLXIX, p. 38. 

[565] Chartes Vendômoises LXII, p. 84. 

[566] Tiron Sainte-Trinité, Tome I, CLXXXV, p. 207. 

[567] Tiron Sainte-Trinité, Tome I, CLXXXV, p. 207. 

[568] Couture Saint-Pierre, LIV, p. 57. 

[569] Notre-Dame de la Trappe, p. 319, footnote 3, citing Cauvin Géographie ancienne du diocèse du Mans, pp. 202 and 529. 

[570] Grandmaison (1865), Appendix, VIII, p. 127. 

[571] Grandmaison (1865), Appendix, VIII, p. 127. 

[572] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXXVII, p. 227, and CXXV, p. 223. 

[573] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXXVIII, p. 229. 

[574] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CXXVIII, p. 229. 

[575] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CLIV, p. 267. 

[576] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[577] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCII, p. 7. 

[578] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXXXVI, p. 134. 

[579] Chartes Vendômoises, XLVI, p. 64. 

[580] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXXXVI, p. 134. 

[581] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[582] Chartes Vendômoises XXXIX, p. 56. 

[583] Chartes Vendômoises XLVI, p. 64. 

[584] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXXXVI, p. 134. 

[585] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[586] Chartes Vendômoises XXXIX, p. 56. 

[587] Chartes Vendômoises XXXIX, p. 56. 

[588] Chartes Vendômoises XXXIX, p. 56. 

[589] Chartes Vendômoises XXXIX, p. 56. 

[590] Chartes Vendômoises XXXIX, p. 56. 

[591] Chartes Vendômoises XXXIX, p. 56. 

[592] Chartes Vendômoises XXXIX, p. 56. 

[593] Chartes Vendômoises XLVI, p. 64. 

[594] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXCVII, p. 147. 

[595] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCXXXVIII, p. 215. 

[596] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCLXXXIII, p. 297. 

[597] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCLXXXIII, p. 297. 

[598] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCXXXVIII, p. 215. 

[599] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCLXXXIII, p. 297. 

[600] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCLXXXIII, p. 297. 

[601] Marmoutier-Vendômois, Lavardin XXXVIII, p. 334. 

[602] Chartes Vendômoises CL, p. 182. 

[603] Chartes Vendômoises CL, p. 182. 

[604] Chartes Vendômoises CLV, p. 188. 

[605] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCLXXXIII, p. 297. 

[606] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, DCXV, p. 491. 

[607] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, DCXV, p. 491. 

[608] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, DCXV, p. 491. 

[609] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, p. 80 footnote 5. 

[610] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 142, p. 91. 

[611] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 121, p. 80. 

[612] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 121, p. 80. 

[613] Bayeux (Livre noir), Tome I, XLVIII, p. 60. 

[614] Bayeux (Livre noir), Tome I, XLVIII, p. 60. 

[615] Carré de Busserolle (1883), Tome V, p. 195. 

[616] Carré de Busserolle (1883), Tome V, p. 196. 

[617] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XI, p. 27. 

[618] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XVI, p. 34. 

[619] Grandmaison (1865), XXI, p. 22. 

[620] Ex Chronico Turonensi, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 462. 

[621] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 30, p. 44. 

[622] Chronica domni Rainaldi archidiaconi sancti Mauricii Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 12.  

[623] Chronicon Vindocinense 1067, p. 488. 

[624] Grandmaison (1865), XXI, p. 22. 

[625] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, p. 345 footnote 1, quoting B. N. mss. latin 12878, f. 213 vo

[626] Carré de Busserolle (1883), Vol. V, article Preuilly, p. 201. 

[627] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, p. 345 footnote 1, quoting B. N. mss. latin 12878, f. 213 vo

[628] Carré de Busserolle (1883), Vol. V, article Preuilly, p. 201. 

[629] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 30. 

[630] Grandmaison (1865), XVI, p. 18. 

[631] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 30, p. 44. 

[632] Grandmaison (1865), XXI, p. 22. 

[633] Grandmaison (1865), XXI, p. 22. 

[634] Mabille ‘Collection Dom Housseau’ (1864), Tome XIV, 917, p. 101, citing ‘Archives de Preuilly’. 

[635] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, p. 80 footnote 5. 

[636] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 121, p. 80. 

[637] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 292, p. 172. 

[638] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 248, p. 150. 

[639] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 248, p. 150. 

[640] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 248, p. 150. 

[641] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 249, p. 151. 

[642] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 249, p. 151. 

[643] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[644] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[645] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[646] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[647] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[648] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[649] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[650] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[651] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 351, p. 210. 

[652] Marmoutier-Vendômois, Saint-Marz-lèz-Vendôme, II, p. 277. 

[653] Marmoutier-Vendômois, Saint-Marz-lèz-Vendôme, II, p. 277. 

[654] Marmoutier-Vendômois, Saint-Marz-lèz-Vendôme, II, p. 277. 

[655] Marmoutier-Vendômois, Saint-Marz-lèz-Vendôme, II, p. 277. 

[656] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XXVIII, p. 123.