Foundations Volume 7
Contributed by Adrian Benjamin Burke
Note from the Editor: This specially extended version of the tribute is provided for online readers. The print version is limited to one page due to space constraints.
Foundations (2015) 7: 2 © Copyright FMG and the author
A Far-Fetched Alliance: The Marriage of Borwin of Rostock and Cristina of Scotland
by Andrew B W MacEwen 
The author discusses the seemingly unlikely marriage of an illegitimate daughter of William I, king of Scots, to the lord of Rostock, placing it in its historical context. He exposes the errors in Wigger’s 1876 paper on the subject and the resulting confusion still seen today. He also offers a few thoughts on the Agatha problem.
Foundations (2015) 7: 3-24 © Copyright FMG and the author
Was my Aunt her Grandmother’s Niece? A Guide to Relationship Terms in Medieval Latin
by Charles Cawley
This article explores the meaning of family relationship terms in medieval Latin as used in 11th to 13th century European documents, the correct translation of which presents researchers with challenges. It explores (1) whether a statistical approach to analysing such kinship terms used in primary sources can better help ascertain precise meanings in particular documents, and (2) whether usage varied between different medieval western European territories.
Foundations (2015) 7: 25-53 © Copyright FMG and the author
The Battle of Bannockburn Family History Project: outcomes and developments
by Graham S Holton 
The author previously provided, in FMG News, No.10, September 2014, an overview of the Battle of Bannockburn Family History Project. At the editor’s suggestion, in this article he expands on some issues highlighted by the project, and describes how its two strands are being extended. He suggests some research opportunities for the future.
Foundations (2015) 7: 54-56 © Copyright FMG and the author
A Puzzle from the Scotia Pontificia
FMG News no.10, sent to members electronically in September 2014, invited readers to submit solutions to a puzzle over the date of a papal letter from the 12th century. The puzzle was posed by Andrew B W MacEwen, and is repeated in summary form in the full article below, together with the solution submitted by Benedict Wiedemann, Department of History, University College, London.
Foundations (2015) 7: 57-58 © Copyright FMG and the author
John Kingsmill (1626-1694), Esq, of Andover, Hants: his ancestry and medieval royal descent
by Michael P Bodman 
John Kingsmill (1626-1694), Esq, of Andover, Hampshire, son of a parish church vicar and a cadet branch of the Kingsmills of Sydmonton Court, Hampshire, has medieval royal ancestry through his maternal great-grandmother Elianor Pistor (d. bef. 13 May 1560). But, surprisingly, it has not been documented. It was obscured and forgotten by dint of a copyist’s error, making a muddle out of the chronology of the two wives of William Pistor, Esq, of Metheringham, Lincolnshire, on the pedigrees of Pistor in the visitation of Lincolnshire in 1562-4 and the Larken Collection in the custody of the College of Arms, in London. By examining contemporaneous evidence recently discovered at TNA, this article gives the correct chronology of the two wives of William Pistor and documents the 15th- and 16th-century generations by which John Kingsmill derives his medieval royal ancestry.
Foundations (2015) 7: 59-78 © Copyright FMG and the author, or as stated
Ælfgyva and the Cleric of the Bayeux Tapestry
by Keith Moore
The identities of Ælfgyva and the cleric of the Bayeux Tapestry have puzzled historians for nearly three hundred years. This paper takes a fresh look at the iconography of the scene and other relevant texts, and proposes a new solution: that both were members of King Harold’s extended family, and that they played momentarily significant roles in English-Norman affairs just before and within a few years of the Conquest.
Foundations (2015) 7: 79-124 © Copyright FMG and the author