Foundations Volume 8
William Dugdale, the 17th-century English antiquary and herald compiled a number of works of continuing value for the medieval genealogist, including Monasticon Anglicanum, Antiquities of Warwickshire, Baronage of England, and various Herald’s Visitations
by M L Bierbrier
Foundations (2016) 8: 2 © Copyright FMG and the author
Proper genealogy requires documentation. Oral genealogy is limited, very often wrong, and subject to invention. In England the increase in documentation from the 16th century onwards, notably the introduction of parish registers, allows more scope for detailed genealogical research. Documentation did, of course, exist in the medieval period, but it was more limited in its coverage and survives to a lesser extent. One positive aspect of the paucity of material makes it possible to compose databases of all surviving names and families in the Anglo-Saxon period, available on the internet in PASE, and the early Norman period, available in books published by Dr Keats-Rohan. There is perhaps more scope for other databases. Because of language and writing difficulties, the documentation that survives has not been fully examined or published. Much pertains to the ruling elite and concerns property and rights of inheritance but that is not the full extent of it, by any means.
It is not correct, as is usually assumed, that all surviving medieval documentation has already been reviewed by the previous generations of historians and genealogists. There is still plenty of new material to find and some of the old material needs to be revised. Information is available not only for the elite property owners but also for more ordinary folk. Articles in this journal have used surviving tax returns on aliens and in this issue manorial documents to illustrate the names and genealogies of some families. Manorial documents have been rather overlooked in the past. Where they survive, they can yield a wealth of information. Other important documents are found in the livery companies’ archives. Recent research has enabled the maiden name of Alice Perrers, mistress of Edward III, to be determined (it is Salisbury) and a putative family tree developed along with more details on her first husband Janekyn Perrers. The material is out there in record offices and family archives, and who knows what discoveries await.
 Dr Bierbrier was a founder member of the FMG and has recently joined the Executive Committee.
Family Fortunes in Fourteenth-Century Walsham le Willows: The Hawys and the Lenes
by Vanessa King
The survival of 255 manorial rolls for the manors of Walsham and High Hall, present day Walsham le Willows, spanning the years 1303 to 1399, have long been recognised as a valuable source for the study of the peasantry in fourteenth century Suffolk. This article, which is based on the author’s talk at the 2015 AGM of the FMG, draws on the evidence of the rolls to illuminate the lives of two villein families: the Hawys and the Lenes.
Foundations (2016) 8: 3-14 © Copyright FMG and the author
The Descent of the Manor of Badsworth
by John M. Watson
The parish of Badsworth is situated about 6 miles south of Pontefract in the modern metropolitan county of West Yorkshire. In the medieval period there were two manors in the parish; Badsworth and Rogerthorpe. The descent of the manor of Badsworth is obscured by the fact that at the end of twelfth century it was split into two moieties, each of which is referred to in contemporary documents as “the manor of Badsworth”. The two parts of the manor were not reunited under one owner until 1529 when they were held by Sir Peter Vavasour of Spaldington. An attempt has been made to trace the descent of these two moieties of the manor through the various families that held them between the eleventh and sixteenth centuries.
Foundations (2016) 8: 15-32 © Copyright FMG and the author
Gang Warily! Juliana de Reveley and the Randolphs: A Cautionary Tale
The odd results of a scribal error in a 1293 court case are explored and the wife of Hugh III de Morwick is established. Additions and corrections to the Randolph pedigree are also presented to show the putative relationship of the Randolphs to the Greystoke family, as well as the conflation of Sir Thomas Randolph with his hitherto unidentified son.
Foundations (2016) 8: 33-51 © Copyright FMG and the author
The Date of the Irvine-Eglinton Agreement
by the late Andrew B W MacEwen
FMG News no.12, sent to members electronically in June 2015, invited readers to submit solutions to a puzzle posed by Andrew B W MacEwen concerning the date of a bipartite agreement between the burgesses of Irvine and Brice of Eglinton, supposedly sealed in 1205. We received no responses, so here we summarise Mr MacEwen’s conclusions, which he sent to us before his death in 2015.
Foundations (2016) 8: 52 © Copyright FMG and the author
Reginald de Lucy, son of Richard de Lucy, King’s Justiciar: New Perspectives
by Rosie Bevan and Peter G M Dale
In the authors’ previous article on Richard de Lucy, chief Justiciar of Henry II, and his newly discovered daughter, Rose, it was stated that we were left with the implication that there may be other unrecognised children - in particular, Reginald de Lucy, who seemed to be clearly related to Richard. A recent find from manuscripts in the British Library has indeed confirmed Reginald as brother of Geoffrey de Lucy and thus son of Richard de Lucy. This article examines the evidence and discusses the implications for the wider family network, including that of Reginald’s little known daughter, Cecily, who the authors suggest was wife of Walter de Cherlecote, (progenitor of the Lucys of Charlecote), Roger de St John and Richard Mallore.
Foundations (2016) 8: 53-72 © Copyright FMG and the authors
Will of Eleanor, Countess of Ormond, 1363
Transcribed and translated by Jessica Lutkin and Jonathan Mackman
The original of this will may be located in Exchequer: Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer: Memoranda Roll, Trinity Term, 41 Edward III, Recorda, m.15; TNA Reference E 368/139. Images of the membrane are on the AALT site: http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT5/E3/E368no139/aE368no139fronts/IMG_0288.htm
Foundations (2016) 8: 73-74 © Copyright the transcribers and FMG
Descendants to the Third Generation of Eleanor, Countess of Ormond (c.1310-1363)
by Brad Verity
This genealogical account uses, whenever possible, primary sources such as inquisitions post mortem, Chancery Roll entries, and contemporary chronicle accounts, to compile the children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren of Eleanor (de Bohun), countess of Ormond, granddaughter of Edward I of England.
A supplementary illustrated account (in this online edition only) tells how Kilpeck Castle, Herefordshire, came into the possession of Eleanor de Bohun as well as the role the castle played in the marriage of her elder daughter, Lady Petronilla Butler, to Gilbert, Lord Talbot.
Foundations (2016) 8: 75-89 © Copyright FMG and the author
Will of Isabella de Sutton, Baroness of Dudley, 1397
Transcribed and translated by Jessica Lutkin and Jonathan Mackman
The original will is in the bishop’s register at Lichfield Record Office (ref. B/A/1/6). We are grateful to the archivist, Staffordshire and Stoke on Trent Archive Service, for supplying an image of the document, with permission to publish.
Foundations (2016) 8: 90 © Copyright FMG and the transcribers
The Death of Earl Magnus of Orkney: An old dating problem resolved
by the late Andrew B W MacEwen 
Using material long available, the author fixes the year of the martyrdom of Earl Magnus, by two different methods, as 1118. He points out that Gregor Lamb had independently reached the same conclusion in 2004.
Foundations (2016) 8: 91-95 © Copyright FMG and the author
The Consanguinity of the Empress Matilda and Geoffrey of Anjou
Gleanings from the Common Pleas: Margaret Grey (died c.1504), wife of Edward Stafford, KB, Earl of Wiltshire, and of Henry Stafford, KG, Earl of Wiltshire
by Nathan W Murphy, Douglas Richardson and Matthew Tompkins
This article confirms an old genealogical conclusion using new documents. Complete Peerage doubted the conclusion that Margaret Grey married two earls of Wiltshire. Recently published apostolic penitentiary records include a 1501 marriage dispensation issued to Henry Stafordi to marry the widow Margareta Staffordi alias W[i]ltshire alias de Lisle. The marriage is confirmed in a recently-indexed common pleas case.
Foundations (2016) 8: 98-100 © Copyright FMG and the authors