SWEDen, nobility

  v4.1 Updated 04 August 2023

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                FOLKUNGAÄTTEN. 1

Chapter 2.                Family of LAVRANS PETTERSON (Lawspeaker) 8

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    FOLKUNGAÄTTEN

 

 

FOLKE "den digre/the Fat", son of ---.  Brenner suggests[1] that he was the same person as FOULQUES Vicomte de Montrevrault, son of RAOUL [de Beaumont] & his wife Agathe de Vendôme.  He is named "Fulko grossus, son of Ingewaldus, son of Fulko Fölbythe the pagan" in a 14th century genealogy compiled at Varnem Abbey[2].  Jarl in Sweden. 

m INGEGERD of Denmark, daughter of KNUD II "den Hellige" King of Denmark & his wife Adèle de Flandre.  Twin with her sister Cæcilie, they were left in Denmark when their mother fled to Flanders after their father's murder according to Saxo Grammaticus who also names her husband[3]

Folke & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         [ARNOLD [Arnulf] (-murdered [Gradehede 23 Oct] 1157).  Galbert of Bruges records that "Arnoldus nepos Karoli comitis" claimed the county of Flanders in early 1128[4].  "Arnoldum nepotem Caroli defuncti ex sorore eius primogenita" is named in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin, which specifies that he unsuccessfully claimed to succeed to the county of Flanders in 1127/28[5].  If the mother of Arnold was "soror primogenita" of Charles Count of Flanders, she would have been his sister Caecilie.  Saxo Grammatic us names Caecilie's sons Knud and Karl, and Ingegerd's sons Knud and Bengt, without mentioning Arnold at all[6].  It is not impossible that Arnold was an impostor, unrelated to Count Charles, who appeared after the count's murder, his Danish credentials presumably being difficult to disprove in Flanders at the time.  At Ulfsborg near Ribe.]  m as her first husband, INGERD Pedersdatter, daughter of PEDER Thorstensen from Pedersborg & his wife Cecilie Skjalmsdatter [Hvide].  She married secondly Vagn [Vogn]. 

2.         KNUT FolkasonSaxo Grammaticus names Ingegerd's sons Knud and Bengt[7].  Jarl in Sweden. 

3.         BENGT Folkason "Snivel" (-bur [Varnhem Abbey])Saxo Grammaticus names Ingegerd's sons Knud and Bengt[8].  Jarl in Sweden. 

-        see below

 

 

BENGT Folkason "Snivel", son of FOLKE "den digre/the Fat" Jarl in Sweden & his wife Ingegerd of Denmark (-bur [Varnhem Abbey])Saxo Grammaticus names Ingegerd's sons Knud and Bengt[9].  Jarl in Sweden. 

m ---.  The name of Bengt´s wife is not known. 

Bengt & his wife had three children: 

1.         BIRGER "Brosa" (-9 Jan 1202).  He is named as the son of Bengt in the 14th century Varnem Abbey genealogy[10].  Jarl in Sweden 1174.  “Byrgerus dux magnus et Karolus fratres eius” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/85] under which “Kanutus…Rex Sweorum atque Gotthorum” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[11].  “…B. dux…M. frater ducis B et filius eius Eskillus…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “Kanutus…Sweorum rex” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[12].  “Byrgo Sweorum et Guttorum dux…Philippus frater meus, Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “K…Sweorum rex filius Herjcjs itjdem regis” donated property to Nydala kloster[13].  “Kanutus...rex Sweorum” donated “partem piscationis in ælwakarlabv [Elfkarleby]...” to Juleta kloster by charter dated 1199 (corrected to 1191), witnessed (on his part) by “Byrgerus dux Sweorum, Karulus frater eius, Kanutus frater regine, Holmgerus nepos meus, Finwidus[14].  “Suerco...S[weorum] rex filius Karoli itidem regis” donated property to Nydala Kloster by undated charter, dated to [1200?], witnessed by “Byrgho Sweuorum et Guttorum dux...Philippus frater regis Kanuti Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis, Finuidus Struch...[15].  The Saga of King Sverre records the death of "Earl Birgi Brosa" in the same year as Sverre King of Norway[16].  The Icelandic Annals record the death in 1202 of "Birgerus comes in Suecia"[17]m (after 1161) as her third husband, BRIGIDA of Norway, widow firstly of KARL Sunasson Jarl in Västergötland, and secondly of MAGNUS Henriksson, King in Östergötland, daughter of HARALD "Gille" King of Norway & his [first/second] wife --- (-[Riseberga Abbey] 22 Oct ----).  Snorre records that "King Harald Gille's daughter Brigida" was first married to "the Swedish king Inge Halsteinson, and afterwards to Earl Karl Sonason, and then to the Swedish king Magnus", noting that she and King Inge Haraldson were cousins by the mother's side, and "at last [she] married Earl Birger Brose"[18].  It is not chronologically possible for Brigida to have married Inge Halsteinson King of Sweden, who died in 1118.  She must have been an infant at the time of her marriage to Karl Sunasson.  The Saga of King Sverre records that "Earl Birgi Brossa" had married "Brigit", the sister of King Sverre's father[19].  Birger & his wife had seven children: 

a)         FILIP Birgersson (-killed in battle [Akerhus] 4 Jan 1200).  Snorre names (in order) "Earl Philip, Earl Knut, Folke and Magnus" as the four sons of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[20].  Jarl in Sweden.  The Saga of King Sverre names "Philippus son of Earl Birgi" at a meeting of the Birkibeins at Borg[21].  The Saga of King Sverre records that "Earl Philippus" was killed by the Bagli at Oslo[22].  m ---.  The name of Filip’s wife is not known.  Filip & his wife had one child: 

i)          [KATARINA] Filipsdotter m LAVRANS Petterson i Tiundaland, son of PETTER & his wife --- (-[after 1231]).  Sjöström indicates that Laurens was the same person as “avus noster L” who is named in the [1240/50] document cited below under his grandsons[23]

b)         KNUT Birgersson (-killed in battle Lena 31 Jan 1208).  Snorre names (in order) "Earl Philip, Earl Knut, Folke and Magnus" as the four sons of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[24].  Jarl in Sweden.  m ---.  The name of Knut´s wife is not known.  Knut & his wife had two children: 

i)          CECILIA Knutsdotter (-bur Vårfruberga Abbey)m FILIP Birgersson [Aspenäsätten] (-before 1279, bur Vårfruberga Abbey).

ii)         MAGNUS Knutsson "Broka" (-after 1230)Hakonar Saga records “Svía-veldi Magnús broki, son Knútz jarls, Birgis sonar brossu” and his marriage with “Sigrídi, dóttur Knútz Svía konungs”, when recounting his move to Norway when King Erik Eriksson was deposed in 1229[25]m ([1205/07?]) SIGRID Knutsdotter, daughter of KNUT Eriksson King of Sweden & his wife ---.  Hakonar Saga records “Svía-veldi Magnús broki, son Knútz jarls, Birgis sonar brossu” and his marriage with “Sigrídi, dóttur Knútz Svía konungs[26]Hakonar Saga clarifies her parentage in another passage[27].  Sjöström suggests that the marriage was arranged in 1205/07, when Magnus’s father joined Erik Knutsson (future king of Sweden, against then king Sverker II) who offered his sister in marriage to Magnus as part of the arrangement[28].  The identity of Magnus’s wife is confused by the passage in the Annales Sigtunenses cited below under his son Knut, which appears to suggest that Knut was the half-brother of Filip Petterson, and therefore son of K[atarina] Eriksdatter of Sweden, widow of Petter Lavransson.  Magnus & his wife had one child: 

(a)       KNUT Magnusson ([1207/20?]-beheaded [near Herrevadsbro?] 1251).  Hakonar Saga records that he claimed the Swedish throne after the death in 1250 of King Erik Eriksson, but was defeated at Herrevadsbro, and beheaded[29].  The Annales Sigtunenses record in 1251 that “Philippus et Kanutus filii domine K filie regis Erici secundi” were beheaded[30]

c)         INGEGÄRD Birgersdotter (-after 1210).  Snorre names (in order) "Ingegerd…married to the Swedish king Sorkver [and] a second daughter…Kristin and a third Margaret" as the daughters of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[31]m as his second wife, SVERKER II Karlson "den yngre" King of Sweden, son of KARL I King of Sweden & his wife Christine Stigsdatter [Hvide] (-killed in battle Gestilren 17 Jul 1210, bur Alvastra Abbey). 

d)         FOLKE Birgersson (-killed in battle Gestilren 17 Jul 1210).  Snorre names (in order) "Earl Philip, Earl Knut, Folke and Magnus" as the four sons of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[32].  Jarl in Sweden.  The Annales Sigtunenses in 1210 record “bellum in Gestyldren” where “Swerkerus rex et Folko dux” were killed[33]m ---.  The name of Folke´s wife is not known.  Folke & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          SUNE Folkason (-1247).  Jarl in Sweden.  The Annales Sigtunenses in 1247 record the death of “Suno Folkonis[34]m HELENA Sverkersdatter of Sweden, daughter of SVERKER II Karlsson "den yngre" King of Sweden & his first wife Bengte Ebbesdatter [Galen].  A charter dated 1237 refers to the marriage of “S. Fulconis ducis filius” and “E. Suerchonis Regis filia” after her abduction from Vreta convent[35]m ---.  The name of Sune´s wife is not known.  Sune & his wife had two children: 

(a)       KATARINA Sunadotter (-Gudhem Convent 1252).  “Katerina…Regina Swechorum” donated property to Gudhems Kloster by charter dated 11 Jun 1250 which names “dominus Suno…pater noster[36].  Abbess at Gudhem Convent from 1250[37].  The Annales Sigtunenses in 1252 record the death of “K. regina Suecie[38]m (Fyrisäng near Uppsala [1243/44]) ERIK Eriksson "Läspe" King of Sweden, son of ERIK Knutsson King of Sweden & his second wife Richiza of Denmark (posthumously 1216-12 Feb 1250).

(b)       BENGTA Sunadotter (-1261 or after).  The Annales Sigtunenses record in 1244 that “Laurencius Ostgotorum legifer” kidnapped “sororem regine Swecie[39].  She was abducted from Vreta Convent in 1244 by her first husband, the couple fleeing to Norway where Laurens died, whereupon Bengta returned to Sweden and married again[40].  “Waldemarus…rex Swechie” confirmed the donation of property to Gudhems Kloster by “reginam dominam Katerinam” by charter dated 17 Jan 1251 which names “domine Benedicte sororis eius[41]m firstly ([1244/45]) LAVRANS Petterson, Lagman in Östergötland, son of PETTER Lavransson & his wife K[atarina] Eriksdotter of Sweden (-Norway [1249]).  m secondly ([1250/52]) SVANTEPOLK Knudsen, son of KNUD Valdemarsen Duke & his wife [Hedwig] von Pommerellen ([1230]-1310).  Lord of Viby in Sweden.  Knight in Sweden.  He was probably Justiciar [Lagman] of Ostrogothia[42]

ii)         HOLMGER Folkason (-after 1264)m CHRISTINA Fastadotter, from Landasjö.  

iii)        [BENGTA] Folkadotter m JOHAN Ängel, son of ---.

iv)       --- Folkadotter m RÖRIK ---. 

v)        [--- Folkadotter m ULF Karlsson "Fase" [Folkunge] Jarl in Sweden (-[1247/48]). 

e)         MAGNUS Birgersson .  Snorre names (in order) "Earl Philip, Earl Knut, Folke and Magnus" as the four sons of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[43]

f)          KRISTINA .  Snorre names (in order) "Ingegerd…married to the Swedish king Sorkver [and] a second daughter…Kristin and a third Margaret" as the daughters of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[44]

g)         MARGARETA .  Snorre names (in order) "Ingegerd…married to the Swedish king Sorkver [and] a second daughter…Kristin and a third Margaret" as the daughters of "Earl Birger Brose" & his wife[45]

2.         MAGNUS "Minnesköld" (-killed in battle near Lena 31 Jan 1208).  At Bjälbo.  “…B. dux…M. frater ducis B et filius eius Eskillus…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “Kanutus…Sweorum rex” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[46].  “Byrgo Sweorum et Guttorum dux…Philippus frater meus, Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “K…Sweorum rex filius Herjcjs itjdem regis” donated property to Nydala kloster[47].  “Suerco...S[weorum] rex filius Karoli itidem regis” donated property to Nydala Kloster by undated charter, dated to [1200?], witnessed by “Byrgho Sweuorum et Guttorum dux...Philippus frater regis Kanuti Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis, Finuidus Struch...[48]m firstly ---.  The name of Magnus´s first wife is not known.  m secondly INGRID [Ylva] ---.  Magnus & his first wife had four children:

a)         ESKIL Magnusson (-[1227]).  “…B. dux…M. frater ducis B et filius eius Eskillus…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “Kanutus…Sweorum rex” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[49].  Lagmand in Västergötland 1219/20[50]m (1217) as her second husband, KIRSTIN Nilsdotter, widow of HAAKON "Galin" Jarl in Norway, daughter of NILS [Niklis] Blaka & his wife Katarina Eriksdotter of Sweden (-1254).

b)         [51]daughter m SIGTRYGG Bengtson [Boberg] (-after 1219). 

c)         KARL Magnusson (-killed in battle Rotala, Estonia 8 Aug 1220).  Bishop of Linköping.  Chancellor of Sweden. 

d)         ELOF Magnusson (-bur Alvästra Abbey).  1253/68.  m --- (-bur Alvästra Abbey). 

Magnus & his second wife had two children:

e)         BENGT Magnusson (-4 Jan 1237).  Bishop of Linköping 1220.  m ---.  The name of Bengt´s wife is not known.  Bengt & his wife had one child: 

i)          MAGNUS Bengtsson (-1263).  Lagmand in Östergötland.  m RAGNHILD, daughter of --- (-1262).  The Annales Sigtunenses in 1262 record the death of “domina Ragnhildis uxor domini Magni legiferi Osgotorum[52].   

f)          BIRGER Magnusson ([1200]-20/21 Oct 1266, bur Varnhem Abbey).  The Icelandic Annals record that "dominus Birgerus Magni filius" was made "comes in Svecia" in 1248[53].  Jarl at Bjälbo.  Regent of Sweden.  Founder of Stockholm. 

-        KINGS of SWEDEN

3.         KARL (-after [1200?]).  “Byrgerus dux magnus et Karolus fratres eius” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/85] under which “Kanutus…Rex Sweorum atque Gotthorum” donated property to the monks of Juleta kloster[54].  “Byrgo Sweorum et Guttorum dux…Philippus frater meus, Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis…” witnessed a charter dated to [1167/99] under which “K…Sweorum rex filius Herjcjs itjdem regis” donated property to Nydala kloster[55].  “Kanutus...rex Sweorum” donated “partem piscationis in ælwakarlabv [Elfkarleby]...” to Juleta kloster by charter dated 1199 (corrected to 1191), witnessed (on his part) by “Byrgerus dux Sweorum, Karulus frater eius, Kanutus frater regine, Holmgerus nepos meus, Finwidus[56].  “Suerco...S[weorum] rex filius Karoli itidem regis” donated property to Nydala Kloster by undated charter, dated to [1200?], witnessed by “Byrgho Sweuorum et Guttorum dux...Philippus frater regis Kanuti Magnus et Karolus fratres ducis, Finuidus Struch...[57]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    Family of LAVRANS PETTERSON (Lawspeaker)

 

 

PETTER --- .  His place in the following line of descent is confirmed by the [1240/50] charter cited below under his great-grandson Filip which names “proavus noster...P...”. 

m ---.  The name of Petter’s wife is not known. 

Petter & his wife had one child: 

1.         LAVRANS Petterson i Tiundaland, son of PETTER & his wife --- (-[after 1230]).  His place in the following line of descent is confirmed by the [1240/50] charter cited below under his grandson Filip which names “...avus noster L...”.  Recorded in Uppsala, Tiundaland in [1230]: the family chronology suggests that he was old at that time[58].  His date of death has not been traced.  m [KATARINA] Filipsdotter, daughter of FILIP Birgersson & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Lavrans & his wife had two children: 

a)         FILIP Lavransson (-after 1248).  [Maybe he was the witness named third in the following document: “Ericus...Sueorum rex” donated property “in die intronizacionis et consecracionis nostre dilecto cognato nostro Domino Olauo Vpsalensy archyelecto” by charter dated 31 Jul 1224, witnessed by “...dominus Johannes filius Remmodis, dominus Kanutus filius Holgery dominus Phylyppus filius Kateryne, dominus Phylippus frater Iohannis, dominus Iggiualdus[59].]  Filip Lavransson was outlawed and exiled from Sweden in 1248[60]m ([1234/35]?) as her second husband, HELENA Pedersdotter, widow of KNUT King of Sweden, daughter of PEDER Strangesen, drost, high seneschal of Denmark, [de iure uxoris] Lord of Kalundborg castle [Sjaelland] & his wife Ingeborg Esbernsdatter, heiress of Kalundborg.  Follow her first husband’s hyperlink for discusssion of sources in which she and her marriages are recorded.  Filip & [his wife] had one child:

i)          HELENA Filipsdotter “i Sko” (-after 25 Jul 1282).  “Benedictus germanum Svevorum Gothorumque Regis” recalled “discordia inter...Regem Sveworum et nobiles viros Dominum Hulmgerum et Dominum Philippum, qui quoniam in mortem Principis procerumque eius...fuerunt machinati...” and their wives’ assets forfeited to the crown, in a charter for Skokloster dated 25 Jul 1282[61].  Sjöström suggests that Helena was the same person as “Elin abbess of Sko[62]m ([before 1247]) HOLMGER Knutson, son of KNUT King of Sweden & his [first wife ---] (-beheaded [near] Gästrikland 1248, bur Sko kloster near Enköping, Upland, Sweden). 

b)         PETTER Lavransson ([1201/03?]-).  His parentage is confirmed by the [1240/50] charter cited below under his sons.  Present at the coronation of Johan Sverkersson King of Sweden in [1219], maybe of a similar age to the king[63]m ([1222]) K[ATARINA] Eriksdotter of Sweden, [illegitimate?] daughter of ERIK Knutson King of Sweden & his [first wife/Mistress ---] (-[before 1251?]).  The Annales Sigtunenses in 1251 record “dom. K. fil. E. reg. sec.” as (deceased?) mother of Filip Pettersson who claimed the Swedish throne in that year (see below)[64].  Her husband’s name is confirmed by the [1240/50] charter cited below under her sons.  The same passage in the Annales Sigtunenses appears to suggest that K[atarina] married secondly Magnus Knutsson "Broka", indicating that she was the mother of his son.  This interpretation is contradicted by passages in Hakonar Saga (cited under Magnus Knutsson).  Petter & his wife had two children: 

i)          FILIP Petterson (-beheaded 1251).  “Phi et L. Gotorum legifer, Petri filii” confirmed the donation of “mansionem...Lvnby”, donated by “proavus noster bone memorie P. nec non et avus noster L. set et P. pater noster”, to Nydala Kloster by undated charter, dated to [1240/50][65].  He claimed the Swedish throne in 1251, after the death of [his maternal uncle] Erik "Läspe/the Lisper" King of Sweden[66].  The Annales Sigtunenses in 1251 record that “Philippus et Kanutus filii domine K filie regis Erici secundi” were beheaded[67]

ii)         LAVRANS Petterson (-Norway [1249]).  “Phi et L. Gotorum legifer, Petri filii” confirmed the donation of “mansionem...Lvnby”, donated by “proavus noster bone memorie P. nec non et avus noster L. set et P. pater noster”, to Nydala Kloster by undated charter, dated to [1240/50][68].  Lagman in Östergötland.  m ([1244/45]) as her first husband, BENGTA Sunadotter, daughter of SUNE Folkason Jarl in Sweden & his wife Helena Sverkersdatter of Sweden (-1261 or after).  The Annales Sigtunenses record in 1244 that “Laurencius Ostgotorum legifer” kidnapped “sororem regine Swecie[69].  She was abducted from Vreta Convent in 1244 by her first husband, the couple fleeing to Norway where Laurens died, whereupon Bengta returned to Sweden and married again[70].  “Waldemarus…rex Swechie” confirmed the donation of property to Gudhems Kloster by “reginam dominam Katerinam” by charter dated 17 Jan 1251 which names “domine Benedicte sororis eius[71].  She married secondly ([1250/52]) Svantepolk Knudsen, Lord of Viby in Sweden. 

 

 

 



[1] Brenner, S. O. (1978 reprint) Nachkommen Gorms des Alten I-XVI Generation (Dansk Historisk Haandbogsforlag), p. 6. 

[2] Christiansen, E. (1980) Saxo Grammaticus, Danorum Regum Heroumque Historia, Books X-XVI (B. A. R. International Series 84) ("Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen)", p. 256 footnote 79. 

[3] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[4] Pirenne, H. (1891) Histoire du meurtre de Charles le Bon Comte de Flandre par Galbert de Bruges (Paris) ("Galbert de Bruges"), 97, p. 142. 

[5] Guérard, M. (ed.) (1840) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Bertin (Paris) II.11, p. 298. 

[6] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[7] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[8] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[9] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 11, XIV, p. 86. 

[10] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), p. 256 footnote 79. 

[11] Liljegren, J. G. (ed.) (1829) Diplomatarium Suecanum, Svensk Diplomatarium, Tome I 817-1285 (Stockholm) 65, p. 92. 

[12] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 67, p. 93. 

[13] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 70, p. 95. 

[14] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 113, p. 138. 

[15] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 116, p. 140. 

[16] Stephton, J. (trans.) (1898) The Saga of King Sverri of Norway (“Sverissaga”) (London), 127, consulted at <http://www.northvegr.org/lore/Sverri/ (9 Feb 2007) 182. 

[17] Íslenzkir Annálar sive Annales Islandici (Copenhagen, 1847) ("Annales Islandici"), 1202, p. 83. 

[18] Laing, S. (trans.) (1907) Snorri Sturluson, Heimskringla: A History of the Norse Kings Snorre (Norroena Society, London), available at Online Medieval and Classical Library Release 15b, <http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/OMACL/Heimskringla/> (24 Jan 2003), Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[19] Sverrissaga 6. 

[20] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[21] Sverissaga 119. 

[22] Sverissaga 160. 

[23] Sjöström, by email 3 Jul 2023. 

[24] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[25] Vigfusson, G. (1887) Icelandic Sagas, Vol. II (London), Hakonar Saga, 165, p. 145. 

[26] Hakonar Saga (1887), 165, p. 145. 

[27] Hakonar Saga (1887), 269, p. 264. 

[28] Sjöström, by email 9 Jul 2023. 

[29] Hakonar Saga (1887), 269, p. 264, and Sjöström, by email 5 Jul 2023. 

[30] Annales Sigtunenses, Annerstedt, C. ((1871, 1876) Scriptores rerum Svecicarum medii aevi, Tome III (Uppsala), p. 4. 

[31] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[32] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[33] Annales Sigtunenses (1871, 1876), p. 2. 

[34] Annales Sigtunenses (1871, 1876), p. 4. 

[35] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 295, p. 287. 

[36] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 377, p. 345. 

[37] Brenner (1978), p. 27. 

[38] Annales Sigtunenses (1871, 1876), p. 4. 

[39] Annales Sigtunenses (1871, 1876), p. 4. 

[40] Sjöström, by email 4 Jul 2023. 

[41] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 387, p. 352. 

[42] Sjöström, by email 10 Feb 2007. 

[43] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[44] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[45] Snorre, Saga of Sigurd, Inge and Eystein, the sons of Harald, 22. 

[46] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 67, p. 93. 

[47] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 70, p. 95. 

[48] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 116, p. 140. 

[49] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 67, p. 93. 

[50] Sjöström, by email 28 Jun 2023, citing Västergötalagens lagmanslängd, pp. 296-7. 

[51] She is not mentioned in Brenner (1978), p. 14. 

[52] Annales Sigtunenses (1871, 1876), p. 5. 

[53] Annales Islandici, 1248, p. 121. 

[54] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 65, p. 92. 

[55] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 70, p. 95. 

[56] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 113, p. 138. 

[57] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 116, p. 140. 

[58] Sjöström, by email 9 Jul 2023. 

[59] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 229, p. 240. 

[60] Sjöström, by email 11 Jun 2023. 

[61] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 753, p. 615. 

[62] Sjöström, by email 6 Jul 2023. 

[63] Sjöström, by email 9 Jul 2023. 

[64] Annales Sigtunenses (1871, 1876), p. 4, and Sjöström, by email 3 Jul 2023. 

[65] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 896, p. 736. 

[66] Sjöström, by email 4 Jul 2023. 

[67] Annales Sigtunenses (1871, 1876), p. 4. 

[68] Diplomatarium Suecanum (1829), 896, p. 736. 

[69] Annales Sigtunenses (1871, 1876), p. 4. 

[70] Sjöström, by email 4 Jul 2023. 

[71] Diplomatarium Suecanum, Tome I, 387, p. 352.