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The Display of Arms in their Primary Martial Contexts, part 2

Author: Boulton, D'Arcy Jonathan Dacre

Cover Type: Journal issue
Year published: 2018

Description / Notes: The pre-classic period in England, c.1217 - c.1327 Shields, Horse-trappers, Martial Coats, Crests and Ailettes [Part I. The Formative Period. c. 1135 - c. 1220', is published in Heralds and Heraldry in Medieval England, ed. Nigel Ramsay.] The shield was the only universal item of military equipment which bore arms in the period 1217-1327, although no original painted examples have survived on tombs, and very few tombs survive which have carved shields. Horse trappers were an elite item primarily used by knights of sufficient wealth to command forces in the field : the greater barons and knights banneret. Among this class the adoption of armiferous (armorial) trappers was almost universal in the period. Conversely, although the wearing of a martial coat over the mail hauberk was shared by all knights, armiferous martial coats were rare, and seldom seen in any source. They became the norm only after 1340. Crests tended to be fan-shaped, and did not serve as underliers for arms until after 1327. There exist early examples of carved emblematic crests, but these did not begin their rise to fashion in England until after c.1295. The shoulder plates known as ailettes were also used by knights of all ranks, but they were only occasionally armiferous. They fell completely out of fashion after the 1340s.        
Series/Journal/Book Title: The Coat of Arms
Language: English

Edition / Issue No.: 235


Accession No./FMG ID S- : 4527
Volume: 4th ser. 1
Number of Pages / Range: 218-257
ISSN: 0010-003X


Located in: Journal Article
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