by Bruce McAndrew[1]


Most 16th century Scottish armorials include a short section containing the arms of 'the lord of X of auld' claiming to give the arms borne by territorial lords at the dawn of heraldry. They can therefore be considered to represent the collective heraldic memory of the period. Some can be shown to be incorrect. Consequently a wider heraldic examination has been made of the originally Anglo-Norman families in this category utilising data from French, English and Scottish sources. In the majority of cases there exists a close relationship between the arms borne by a name in Normandy and the arms borne by their kindred name in England and Scotland as exemplified by such families as de la Haye/Hay, Vieuxpont/Vipont, and Bailleul/Balliol. The few exceptions such as Bruce and Stewart have been analysed and rationalised.

These cross-Channel similarities allow the reconsideration of the arms of the Morville lords of Lauderdale as defined in the collective memory and make predictions with respect to its accuracy.  While it is also possible to make an educated guess as to the arms borne by the Avenel lords of Eskdale, the coat-of-arms originally borne by the Valognes lords of Panmure has defeated this approach.

Foundations (2018) 10: 62-88                              © Copyright FMG and the author

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