normandy nobility

AVRANCHES, BAYEUX, COTENTIN

 

  v4.8 Updated 16 March 2021

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Chapter 1.                AVRANCHES, MORTAIN. 2

A.         COMTES d’AVRANCHES.. 2

B.         COMTES de MORTAIN, VICOMTES de CONTEVILLE.. 4

C.        VICOMTES d'AVRANCHES.. 13

D.        SEIGNEURS de GRANVILLE.. 19

E.         SEIGNEURS de HAMBYE (PAYNELL) 20

F.         SEIGNEURS d’ORVAL. 38

G.        SEIGNEURS de SAINT-JEAN.. 39

Chapter 2.                BAYEUX. 43

A.         COMTES de BAYEUX.. 43

B.         VICOMTES du BESSIN (BAYEUX) 50

C.        SEIGNEURS d’AUNAY-sur-ODON (SAY) 56

D.        SEIGNEURS de CORSEULLES (MEULAN) 58

F.         SEIGNEURS de CREULLY.. 70

F.         SEIGNEURS de CREVECŒUR.. 74

G.        SEIGNEURS du HOMMET. 91

H.        SEIGNEURS d’IVRY (GOËL) 102

I.      SEIGNEURS de TILLY.. 108

Chapter 3.                COTENTIN. 121

A.         VICOMTES de COTENTIN, SEIGNEURS de SAINT-SAUVEUR.. 121

B.         SEIGNEURS de SAINT-SAUVEUR (TAISSON) 128

C.        SEIGNEURS de BARNEVILLE.. 134

D.        SEIGNEURS de BRICQUEBEC (BERTRAND) 134

E.         FAMILY of THURSTAN HALDUP.. 143

F.         SEIGNEURS de LA HAYE.. 144

G.        SEIGNEURS de PREAUX.. 146

 

 

 

This document groups the nobility in the western part of the duchy of Normandy, located in the present-day départements of Manche and Calvados. 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    AVRANCHES, MORTAIN

 

 

 

A.      COMTES d’AVRANCHES

 

 

South of the Cotentin in the south-west corner of the duchy of Normandy, lay the diocese of Avranches, which included the pagus Abricantinus (Avranchin) next to the duchy of Brittany[1].  The first count, Robert, was an illegitimate son of Richard I Comte de Normandie.  In the mid-11th century, the county (then referred to as Mortain) was recorded in the hands of Guillaume Comte de Corbeil, son of Mauger, a younger son of Duke Richard I.  Guillaume was banished in 1063 by Duke Guillaume II who appointed his uterine half-brother Robert to the county.  Henry I King of England deprived Guillaume, son of Robert Comte de Mortain, of the county after the battle of Tinchebrai in [1106].  Thereafter the territory remained under the direct control of the kings of England until Normandy was captured by the Capetian kings of France in the early 13th century.  The early counts of Avranches/Mortain were studied by Potts[2]

 

 

 

ROBERT, illegitimate son of RICHARD I "Sans Peur" Comte de Normandie & his mistress --- (-after [1015])Comte d’Avranches.  His parentage is established by André de Fleury’s Vita Gauzlini which records that “Rotbertus Abricatinensium comes” held “de sui jure patrimonii ecclesiam sancti Hylarii”, that after his death it was held by “eius filius Richardus” who was banished “a proprio avunculo Richardo” [Richard II Duke of Normandy][3].  "Rotbertus comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel for the souls of "uxoris meæ Bileeldis defunctæ et…vivente Ascelinæ, filiorumque meorum Vilelmi et Rotberti atque Ricardi" by charter dated to [1015][4]

m firstly BILELDIS, daughter of --- (-before [1015]).  "Rotbertus comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel for the souls of "uxoris meæ Bileeldis defunctæ et…vivente Ascelinæ, filiorumque meorum Vilelmi et Rotberti atque Ricardi" by charter dated to [1015][5]

m secondly ASCELINE, daughter of --- (-after [1015]).  "Rotbertus comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel for the souls of "uxoris meæ Bileeldis defunctæ et…vivente Ascelinæ, filiorumque meorum Vilelmi et Rotberti atque Ricardi" by charter dated to [1015][6]

Robert & his [first/second] wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME .  "Rotbertus comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel for the souls of "uxoris meæ Bileeldis defunctæ et…vivente Ascelinæ, filiorumque meorum Vilelmi et Rotberti atque Ricardi" by charter dated to [1015][7]

2.         ROBERT .  "Rotbertus comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel for the souls of "uxoris meæ Bileeldis defunctæ et…vivente Ascelinæ, filiorumque meorum Vilelmi et Rotberti atque Ricardi" by charter dated to [1015][8]

3.         RICHARD .  "Rotbertus comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel for the souls of "uxoris meæ Bileeldis defunctæ et…vivente Ascelinæ, filiorumque meorum Vilelmi et Rotberti atque Ricardi" by charter dated to [1015][9]Comte d’Avranches.  André de Fleury’s Vita Gauzlini records that “Rotbertus Abricatinensium comes” held “de sui jure patrimonii ecclesiam sancti Hylarii”, that after his death it was held by “eius filius Richardus” who was banished “a proprio avunculo Richardo” [Richard II Duke of Normandy][10]. 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME "Guerlenc" de Corbeil, son of MAUGER de Normandie Comte de Corbeil & his wife Germaine de Corbeil (-1067).  His parentage is established by Orderic Vitalis who calls him "son of Count Mauger" when recording his banishment[11]Comte de CorbeilGuillelmus comes Corboilensis” donated the church of Corbeil Saint-Jean-Baptiste to Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, in the presence of “Nanterus Corboilensis vicecomes”, by charter dated 26 May 1043[12].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Willelmus cognomento Werlencus de stirpe Richardi magni comes...Moritolii” plotted rebellion against Guillaume II Duke of Normandy, as reported to the duke by “tyro de familia sua...Robertus Bigot”, and that the duke expelled him to Apulia and granted his county to “Robertum fratrem suum[13].  Orderic Vitalis calls him "son of Count Mauger" and says he was Comte de Mortain, banished by Guillaume II Duke of Normandy "on some trivial pretexts"[14] in 1063.  “…Walterius comes Pontisariensis, Willelmus comes Corboilensis, Ivo comes Bellomontensis, Walerannus comes Melledensis” are named among those present at the opening of the reliquary of Saint-Denis, dated 9 Jun 1053[15]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had three children:

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de MORTAIN, VICOMTES de CONTEVILLE

 

 

Le Prévost states that Conteville was “Conteville-sur-mer, près l’embouchure de la Risle [Eure]” and that the properties of Herluin de Conteville in the area were later referred to as “l’honneur de Saint-Mère-Eglise” and, after being united with Saint-Pierre-du-Châtel, “Notre-Dame-du-Châtel[16]

 

 

HERLUIN, son of --- (-[1066], bur Grestain).  [Vicomte] de Conteville.  Orderic Vitalis records that “Herluinus...de Contavilla” married “Herlevam Rodberti ducis concubinam[17].  He founded the abbey of Grestain after 1050[18].  It is possible that either Herluin or his wife were related to an ancestor of Robert of Rhuddlan (see above): Orderic Vitalis names “Roberto de Rodelento nepos eius” among the followers of “Odo...palatinus Cantiæ consul[19].  The relationship between the two families has not been traced. 

m firstly ([after 1035]) HERLEVE, mistress of ROBERT II Duke of Normandy, daughter of FULBERT & his wife [Doda/Duwa] --- (-[1050]).  Guillaume of Jumièges names “Herleva Fulberti cubicularii ducis filia” as the mother of “Willelmus...ex concubina Roberti ducis...natus“, and that after Duke Robert died “Herluinus...miles” married her by whom he had “duos filios Odonem et Robertum[20].  The dating of her marriage is in doubt: William of Malmesbury records that it took place “ante patris [referring to Robert II Duke of Normandy] obitum[21].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Herluinus...de Contavilla” married “Herlevam Rodberti ducis concubinam[22].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the mother of Duke Guillaume as "filia…Herbertus pelliparius et uxor eius Doda sive Duwa", specifying that the family was from Chaumont in the diocese of Liège but moved to Falaise although others said that they were from Huy, and specifies her marriage to "Herlewino de Vado comitis"[23].  Orderic Vitalis calls her "Duke Robert's concubine", and specifies her marriage, referring to her husband as stepfather to Duke Guillaume[24].  She presumably died before her husband founded the abbey of Grestain as she is not referred to in the abbey's confirmation charter dated 14 Nov 1189[25].  Robert of Torigny's De Immutatione Ordinis Monachorum records that "Herluinus de Contevilla…et Herleve uxor eius" were buried in "mon. Sanctæ Mariæ Gresteni"[26]

m secondly FREDESENDIS, daughter of ---.  She is named as the wife of Herluin in the confirmation charter of the abbey of Grestain, dated 14 Nov 1189[27]

Vicomte Herluin & his first wife had three children:

1.         ROBERT de Mortain ([1036/38]-8 Dec after [1087/91], bur abbaye de Grestain).  Guillaume of Jumièges names “Herleva Fulberti cubicularii ducis filia” as the mother of “Willelmus...ex concubina Roberti ducis...natus“, and that after Duke Robert died “Herluinus...miles” married her by whom he had “duos filios Odonem et Robertum[28].  Florence of Worcester names Robert as the brother of King William I "but only on his mother's side"[29].  Orderic Vitalis records that Guillaume Duke of Normandy granted “multis honoribus in Normannia et Anglia” to “Herluinus...de Contavilla...filios eius: Radulfus, quem de alia conjuge procreaverat, fratresque suos uterinos: Odonis et Rodbertum[30].  [Vicomte.  Geoffrey Richard Driscoll Tobin has suggested that the third and fourth witnesses in the following charter were Robert and Eudes, sons of Vicomte Herluin[31]: "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[32].  No brothers named Vicomte Robert and Eudes have been identified among the Breton nobility at the time, and the suggestion is plausible.  If correct, it has several implications.  Firstly, the order of their names indicates that Robert was older than his brother Eudes.  Secondly, this would be the only primary source which indicates that Robert bore the vicecomital title (before the death of his father).  Thirdly, the dating of the charter is probably correct considering the suggested date of Eudes’s appointment as bishop.]  Orderic Vitalis records that he was installed as Comte de Mortain in 1063 by his half-brother Guillaume II Duke of Normandy, after he dispossessed Guillaume Werlenc[33].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Willelmus cognomento Werlencus de stirpe Richardi magni comes...Moritolii” plotted rebellion against Guillaume II Duke of Normandy, as reported to the duke by “tyro de familia sua...Robertus Bigot”, and that the duke expelled him to Apulia and granted his county to “Robertum fratrem suum[34].  Orderic Vitalis names “...Rodbertus comes Moritoliensis, Willermi ducis uterinus frater...” among the leading lords under Guillaume II Duke of Normandy[35].  King William I granted him nearly all the land of Cornwall as a reward for his participation at the battle of Hastings in 1066, but he does not seem to have been created Earl of Cornwall, continuing to be referred to as "comes Moritoniensis"[36].  "Robertus Moretonii comes frater Villelmi Anglorum regis et Normannorum principis" granted property to the abbey of Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire by charter dated 9 Jan 1083[37].  He joined his brother Eudes in the 1088 rebellion against King William II but was pardoned[38]The necrology of the church of Mortain records the death "8 Dec" of "Robertus comes Moretonii fundator istius ecclesie"[39]m firstly (before 1066) MATHILDE de Montgommery, daughter of ROGER Seigneur de Montgommery, Vicomte d'Hiémois [later Earl of Shrewsbury] & his first wife Mabel d'Alençon (-[1085], bur abbaye de Grestain).  Orderic Vitalis names “Emma sanctimonialis et Almaniscarum abbatissa, Mathildis comitissa uxor...Rodberti Moritoliensium comitis, Mabilia conjux Hugonis de Novo-Castello et Sibylia uxor Rodberti filii Haimonis” as the four daughters of “Rogerius [de Monte-Gomerici]” and his first wife[40].  "Robert count of Mortain" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel for "his deceased wife Mathildis and his living wife Almodis" by charter dated to [1087/91][41].  “Willielmus comes Moritonii” founded Montacute Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti comitis et matris meæ Mathillidis comitissæ”, by undated charter[42]m secondly ALMODIS, daughter of ---.  "Robert count of Mortain" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel for "his deceased wife Mathildis and his living wife Almodis" with the consent of "Robert his son" by charter dated to [1087/91], which specifies that "William his other son has promised to grant it if Almodis should leave no heir"[43].  Earl Robert & his first wife had [seven] children:

a)         ROBERT .  "Robert count of Mortain" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel for "his deceased wife Mathildis and his living wife Almodis" with the consent of "Robert his son" by charter dated to [1087/91], which specifies that "William his other son has promised to grant it if Almodis should leave no heir"[44]

b)         GUILLAUME de Mortain (-Bermondsey after 1140).  Orderic Vitalis refers to him as nepos of Robert III Duke of Normandy[45].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Guilelmi" as son of "Robertum comitem Moretonii"[46].  Robert of Torigny names "unum filium Guillermum et tres filias" as the children of "Robertus comes Moritonii uterinus frater Willermi regis"[47].  "Robert count of Mortain" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel for "his deceased wife Mathildis and his living wife Almodis" with the consent of "Robert his son…and William his other son" by charter dated to [1087/91][48].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Mortain, and in the latter's lands in Cornwall.  He unsuccessfully claimed the earldom of Kent on the death of his uncle Eudes[49].  “Willielmus comes Moritonii” founded Montacute Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Roberti comitis et matris meæ Mathillidis comitissæ”, by undated charter[50].  "…Willelmi comitis de Moritun…" subscribed a charter dated 14 Sep 1101 under which Henry I King of England donated property to Bath St Peter[51].  Florence of Worcester records that "Willelmus comes de Moreteon" rebelled against Henry I King of England, who confiscated all his English lands in [1104][52].  Florence of Worcester also records that "comes Willelmus de Moretonio" fought with Robert Duke of Normandy against King Henry I at Tinchebrai in [1106], was captured, but later escaped and fled[53].  Orderic Vitalis records that he was imprisoned for many years and all his honours forfeited[54].  He became a Cluniac monk at Bermondsey in 1140.  m ADELISA, daughter of --- (-after [1100/06]).  William count of Mortain confirmed a donation to Marmoutier Saint-Martin by charter dated to [1100/06], signed by "…Guillelmi comitis Moritolii, Adilidis comitisse de M[oritolio]"[55].  [daughter .  Orderic Vitalis records that King William I offered “neptem suam Rodberti...Moritolii comitis filiam” in marriage to Guillaume de Grantmesnil, who refused and left for Apulia[56].  It is probable that this daughter was the same person as one of the other daughters of Robert who are named below.] 

c)         DENISE de Mortain ([1065/70]-1090).  Robert of Torigny names "unum filium Guillermum et tres filias" as the children of "Robertus comes Moritonii uterinus frater Willermi regis", specifying that one unnamed daughter (mentioned second) married "Guido de Laval"[57].  A charter dated to [1085] records that "Guy II fils de Hamon" withdrew claims against Ronceray relating to property donated by his father by charter dated to [1085] which names "Denise son épouse" and is witnessed by "Hugues, frère de Guy II"[58].  A charter dated to [1080/90] records that "Guidone de Valle" sold "boscum…Monduluet" to "domnus Rivallonus monachus" at Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hugo frater eius…et Dionisia uxor eius"[59].  "Guido de Lavalle" donated the priory of Parné to the church of Saint-Nicholas d'Angers "pro salute sua et uxoris sue Dionisie" by charter dated [1080/90][60].  A charter dated 1090 records that "Guido junior" succeeded "in paternum…honorem" on the death of "Haimonis senioris de Valle Guidonis" and that when, after some time, "supradicti domni Guidonis conjugem" died, he granted further rights to Marmoutier when she was buried "juxta patrem suum Haimonem"[61]m [as his second wife,] GUY [II] Seigneur de Laval, son of HAMON Seigneur de Laval & his wife Hersende --- (before [1037/38]-after 1105, bur Marmoutier). 

d)         EMMA de Mortain (-after [1126/27]).  Robert of Torigny names "unum filium Guillermum et tres filias" as the children of "Robertus comes Moritonii uterinus frater Willermi regis", specifying that one unnamed daughter (mentioned third) married "comes Tolosanus frater Raimundi comitis Sancti Ægidii"[62].  Her name is confirmed by the charter dated 1114 under which her daughter “Philippæ comitissæ…Emmæ filia” reached agreement with “Bernardus-Atonis filius Ermengardis[63].  “Willelmus...dux Aquitanorum” donated “ecclesiam S. Juliani de Stapio...ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Clida” to Notre-Dame de Saintes “et abbatissæ Sibillæ amitæ meæ” by charter dated “XII Kal Sep”, signed by “eadem abbatissa Sibillla, et comitissa Tholosæ avia mea, et Agnete amita mea...Petro episcopo...[64].  This charter does not specify the year but can be dated to [1126/27], given that Guillaume X Duke of Aquitaine (identified as the donor) succeeded his father in 1126 and that the successor of Pierre Bishop of Saintes (assuming that he can be identified as the subscriber “Petro episcopo”) is named in a document dated 1127[65]m (before 1080) as his second wife, GUILLAUME IV Comte de Toulouse, son of PONS Comte de Toulouse & his second wife Almodis de la Marche (-killed in battle Huesca 1094). 

e)         [SIBYLLE (-after 1134).  An undated charter records the return of property to Notre-Dame de Saintes by "Willelmus comes Pictavensis", stating that on the same day "abbatissa Florentia” accepted “Sibillam materteram comitisse...factam post abbatissam” into her monastery[66].  This charter is dated to [1100/07] in the compilation, but the document in the form in which it has survived must be a later production given the reference to the subsequent appointment of Sibylle as abbess.  There appears to be no way of dating the original return of the property in question.  In the charter, “comitisse” would have been Philippa de Toulouse, wife of Guillaume IX Duke of Aquitaine, and so her “matertera” would have been the sister of Emma de Mortain, wife of Guillaume IV Comte de Toulouse.  Abbess of Notre-Dame de Saintes, she is named in charters dated 1122, 1130, 1131 and 1134[67].  “Willelmus...dux Aquitanorum” donated “ecclesiam S. Juliani de Stapio...ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Clida” to Notre-Dame de Saintes “et abbatissæ Sibillæ amitæ meæ” by charter dated “XII Kal Sep”, signed by “eadem abbatissa Sibillla, et comitissa Tholosæ avia mea, et Agnete amita mea, et Arembergi de Volvent monacha...Petro episcopo...[68].  This charter does not specify the year but can be dated to [1126/27], given that Guillaume X Duke of Aquitaine (identified as the donor) succeeded his father in 1126 and that the successor of Pierre Bishop of Saintes (assuming that he can be identified as the subscriber “Petro episcopo”: it is likely that the bishop of Saintes would have been involved in transactions relating to Notre-Dame de Saintes) is named in a document dated 1127[69].  Although the term “amita” would normally indicate paternal aunt, it is assumed that in this case it was used in the broader sense of maternal great-aunt which is consistent with the relationship posited from the earlier charter dated to [1100/07] which is quoted above.  If Sibylle’s family is correctly identified, she was probably younger than her supposed sister Emma as it would be normal for the daughter of a noble family to enter religion at a young age if she was destined for an ecclesiastical career.] 

f)          AGNES de Mortain (-[maybe after 1126/27]).  Robert of Torigny names "unum filium Guillermum et tres filias" as the children of "Robertus comes Moritonii uterinus frater Willermi regis", specifying that one unnamed daughter (mentioned first) married "Andreas de Vitreio"[70].  A charter dated to [1110] records that "Andreas dominus Vitriaci castri et frater eius Philippus et uxor ipsius Andreæ…Agnes, cum filiis suis Roberto, Gervasio et Elia" confirmed the foundation of Sainte-Croix de Vitré[71].  [It is possible that Agnes de Mortain was “Agnete amita mea” in the following charter: “Willelmus...dux Aquitanorum” donated “ecclesiam S. Juliani de Stapio...ecclesiam S. Mariæ de Clida” to Notre-Dame de Saintes “et abbatissæ Sibillæ amitæ meæ” by charter dated “XII Kal Sep”, signed by “eadem abbatissa Sibillla, et comitissa Tholosæ avia mea, et Agnete amita mea, et Arembergi de Volvent monacha...Petro episcopo...[72].  The charter does not specify the year but can be dated to [1126/27], given that Duke Guillaume X succeeded his father in 1126 and that the successor of Pierre Bishop of Saintes (assuming that he can be identified as the subscriber “Petro episcopo”) is named in a document dated 1127[73].  The donor in the document is identified as Guillaume X Duke of Aquitaine.  As discussed in more detail above, there are good arguments for identifying “abbatissæ Sibillæ amitæ meæ” as his great-aunt, sister of his grandmother Emma de Mortain.  The key to identifying the subscribers to the document appears to be the presence of the donor’s maternal grandmother who would, it seems, not normally be involved in a donation by the duke of Aquitaine unless she had some interest in the property donated.  If that is correct, “Agnete amita mea” would, logically, have subscribed only if she also had an interest in the same property.  The best explanation is that the three subscribers were sisters who were the only surviving representatives of the Mortain family and joint holders of an interest in the properties donated.  The main difficulty with this hypothesis is that Agnes’s husband was still alive at the time: it is therefore unclear why he would not have subscribed the document in place of his wife.  The churches in question have not been identified.  It should be pointed out that it is not obvious how the Mortain or Montgommery families, based in Normandy, would have held interests in churches which were presumably located in the Saintonge area of the duchy of Aquitaine.  Another possibility is that the subscriber of the [1126/27] charter was Agnes, [probably illegitimate] daughter of Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine, who succeeded Sibylle as abbess of Notre-Dame de Saintes in [1134/37] (see the document AQUITAINE DUKES).  However, in that case the potential common interest in the donated properties would not apply and it is then difficult to understand the reason for Agnes subscribing the document.]  m ANDRE [I] Seigneur de Vitré, son of ROBERT [I] Seigneur de Vitré & his wife Berthe de Craon (-after 1139). 

Earl Robert & his second wife had one child:

g)         ROBERT de Mortain .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

2.         EUDES [Odo] ([1036/38]-[Antioch/Palermo] [2/6] Jan 1097, bur Palermo Cathedral)Guillaume of Jumièges names “Herleva Fulberti cubicularii ducis filia” as the mother of “Willelmus...ex concubina Roberti ducis...natus“, and that after Duke Robert died “Herluinus...miles” married her by whom he had “duos filios Odonem et Robertum[74].  The birth date of Eudes is estimated on the assumption that Guillaume of Jumièges is correct (which is not beyond doubt, as noted above).  Orderic Vitalis records that Guillaume Duke of Normandy granted “multis honoribus in Normannia et Anglia” to “Herluinus...de Contavilla...filios eius: Radulfus, quem de alia conjuge procreaverat, fratresque suos uterinos: Odonis et Rodbertum[75].  Florence of Worcester names Eudes as the brother of King William I "but only on his mother's side"[76].  [Geoffrey Richard Driscoll Tobin has suggested that the third and fourth witnesses in the following charter were Robert and Eudes, sons of Vicomte Herluin[77]: "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[78].  No brothers named Vicomte Robert and Eudes have been identified among the Breton nobility at the time, and the suggestion is plausible.  If correct, it has several implications.  Firstly, the order of their names indicates that Robert was older than his brother Eudes.  Secondly, this would be the only primary source which indicates that Robert bore the vicecomital title (before the death of his father).  Thirdly, the dating of the charter is probably correct considering the suggested date of Eudes’s appointment as bishop.]  Bishop of Bayeux [1050] (when Eudes must have been an adolescent, assuming that his birth date is correctly estimated as shown above).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that, after the death of “Hugo filius Rodulphi comitis Baiocensis episcopus”, Guillaume II Duke of Normandy appointed “Odoni fratri suo” to the bishopric of Bayeux, a position he held for nearly 50 years[79].  He is said to have taken an active part in the preparation of the Norman invasion of England and was present at the battle of Hastings 23 Oct 1066.  The Brevis Relatio de Origine Willelmi Conquestoris records that "Odone episcopo de Baiocis" contributed 120 ships towards the invasion of England in 1066[80].  His half-brother William I King of England rewarded him with a grant of over 500 manors in England and created him Earl of Kent in 1067[81].  Orderic Vitalis records that King William installed “Guillermum Osberni filium” at his new fortress at Winchester (“intra mœnia Guentæ”) and appointed him “vice sua toti regno versus Aquilonem”, while he granted “Doveram...totamque Cantiam” to “Odoni fratri suo”, and thus he entrusted “his duobus præfecturam Angliæ”, seconded by “Hugonem de Grentemaisnilio et Hugonem de Monteforti, Guillelmumque de Garenna”, dated to 1067[82].  Florence of Worcester records that King William left "fratrumque suum Odonem Baiocensem episcopum et Willelmum filium Osberni quem in Herefordensi provincia comitum" when he went to Normandy 21 Feb [1067][83].  He was one of the leaders of the force which suppressed the rebellion of the earls of Norfolk and Hereford in 1075[84].  He began scheming to become Pope, sending great gifts to influential men in Rome, but was arrested by King William and sent to Normandy where he was a prisoner in Rouen between 1082 and 1087[85].  Orderic Vitalis records that King William captured “Odoni fratri suo...in insula Vecta” and held him in prison for four years “pro nimietate sua[86].  He was released by King William on his deathbed[87].  Although King William II restored Eudes to his earldom, he was one of the leaders of the rebellion in 1088 which sought to put Robert Duke of Normandy on the English throne[88].  He was banished from England and all his honours and possessions forfeited.  He became chief adviser to Duke Robert in Normandy[89].  Orderic Vitalis records that Bishop Eudes died “in urbem Panormitanam, quam vulgo Palernam vocant” and that “Gislebertus Ebroicensis episcopus” buried him “in metropolitana sanctæ Dei genetricis Mariæ basilica”, adding that he had been appointed “ab adolescentia sua” (which supports that the theory that he was born after the death of Robert II Duke of Normandy, as discussed above)[90].  William of Malmesbury records that he left on the First Crusade with Robert III Duke of Normandy and died “Antiochiæ, in obsidione Christianorum[91].  The necrology of Jumièges records the death 2 Jan of “Odo episcopus[92].  Bishop Eudes had one illegitimate son:

a)         JEAN de Bayeux (-1131).  Son of Eudes bishop of Bayeux according to Orderic Vitalis, who records that Jean gave King Henry news of the death of his nephew Guillaume "Clito" Count of Flanders in 1128[93].  Orderic Vitalis records that he lived at the court of Henry I King of England where he was held in esteem for his eloquence and probity[94]

Vicomte Herluin & his [first/second] wife had [one child]:

3.         [daughter .  The precise identity of the mother of Guillaume [III] de la Ferté-Macé has not been ascertained, but the following source indicates that she was related to the Conteville family.  Planché refers to a charter which names “William [of Ferté Macé]” (presumably indicating Guillaume [III] de la Ferté-Macé) as “nephew of Bishop Odo” (no precise citation reference, but a later passage describes the document as “the charter of an archbishop of Tours, temp. St Louis”)[95].  The reference to this charter has not been found, but “nephew” presumably indicates “nepos”, which if used in its strict sense would indicate that Guillaume [II]’s wife was the daughter of Herluin de Conteville.  However, given the notoriously imprecise nature of the term, the precise relationship could be more remote.  m [GUILLAUME [II] de la Ferté-Macé, son of GUILLAUME [I] de la Ferté-Macé & his wife --- (-before 1083)].] 

Vicomte Herluin & his second wife had [three] children: 

4.         RAOUL de Conteville (-after 1089).  Orderic Vitalis records that Guillaume Duke of Normandy granted “multis honoribus in Normannia et Anglia” to “Herluinus...de Contavilla...filios eius: Radulfus, quem de alia conjuge procreaverat, fratresque suos uterinos: Odonis et Rodbertum[96].  "…Rodulfus filius Herluini…" witnessed the charter dated to [1073] under which William I King of England confirmed the donation by "Nielli filii alterius Nielli" made by "suus pater" of six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier[97].  He is referred to as the son of Herluin in the charter of confirmation of the abbey of Grestain, dated 14 Nov 1089, the implication of the text being that he was the son of Hilduin's wife Fredesendis[98].  Domesday Book records “Ralph fitzHerluin” holding Shimpling from Roger Bigod in Norfolk[99]m ---.  The name of Raoul's wife is not known.  Raoul & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERNARD FitzRaoul .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1092/93. 

5.         JEAN de Conteville .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1089. 

6.         [RICHARD FitzHerluin (-after 1082).  "…Richard fitz Herluin…" witnessed the charter dated 1082 under which William I King of England donated property to the abbey of la Trinité de Caen[100].] 

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES d'AVRANCHES

 

 

ANSFRID, son of --- .  His name and that of his son suggest that this family was of Viking origin, which is confirmed by Guillaume of Jumièges who names [his son] “Turstenus cognomento Guz, Ausfridi Dani filius...præses Oximensis[101]

m ---.  The name of Ansfrid's wife is not known. 

Ansfrid & his wife had one child: 

1.         THURSTAN "le Goz" (-[1045/55]).  Vicomte.  "Ricardi filii Gulberti, Nigelli vicecomitis…Storstingi vicecomitis" signed the charter dated 1027 (redated to [1017]) in which "secundus nominis mei Normannorum dux Ricardus" confirmed donations to Fécamp abbey[102].  "…Torstingus vicecomes…" witnessed the charter dated Aug 1027 under which Richard II Duke of Normandy donated property to the abbey of Bernay[103].  "…Turstingi vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy donated "in comitatu Abrincatensi villam…Sancti Johannis" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[104].  "…Nigelli vicecomitis, Tursteni vicecomitis…Willelmi Arcacensis comitis, Godefridi vicecomitis, Rodgerii filii Rodulfi, Wimundi…" witnessed the charter dated to [1040] under which Guillaume Comte de Talou donated property to Jumièges[105].  "Turstin vicecomes" witness the donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen of "Gozelinus vicecomes" dated [1038/50][106].  "…Nigelli vicecomitis, Tursteni vicecomitis, Godefredi vicecomitis…" subscribed the charter dated to [1040] under which "Vuillelmus Ricardi magni ducis Normannorum filius" donated property to the abbey of Jumièges[107].  "…Turstinci vicecomitis…Turstinci Gazel…Richardi filii Turstinci, Roberti fratris eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1047 or before] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation by "Adelelmi…Beatricis uxor eius…Rotberti filius eius" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[108].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Turstenus cognomento Guz, Ausfridi Dani filius...præses Oximensis” rebelled against Guillaume II Duke of Normandy at “Falesiæ castellum”, which was attacked by the duke’s forces led by “Rodulfus Waceiensis magister militum”, and was forced to flee into exile, dated to early during the reign of Duke Guillaume II from the context[109]m ---.  The name of Thurstan's wife is not known.  Thurstan & his wife had two children: 

a)         RICHARD "le Goz" (-after 1082).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Ricardus Turstini filius” served Duke Guillaume II loyally after his father “Turstenus cognomento Guz, Ausfridi Dani filius...præses Oximensis” rebelled and was forced to flee into exile[110].  "…Turstinci vicecomitis…Turstinci Gazel…Richardi filii Turstinci, Roberti fratris eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1047 or before] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation by "Adelelmi…Beatricis uxor eius…Rotberti filius eius" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[111]Vicomte d'Avranches.  "…Richardi filii Torestini…" witnessed the charter dated to [1055] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy donated property to the abbey of Marmoutier[112].  "…Willelmi filii Osberti, Rotgerii de Monte Golmerii, Richardis vicecomitis Abrinchensis…" witnessed the charter dated [1055/56] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy "in pago…Constantino, villam…Flotomannum" to Saint-Florent de Saumur[113].  "…Ricardus vicecomes Abrincatinus…" witnessed the charter dated 1064 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy settled a claim in favour of the monks of Marmoutier relating to property donated by "Guido de Valle"[114].  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Richart d’Avrenchin" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[115].  "Richardi filii Torsteingoiz" witnessed a charter of William I King of England dated 1069[116].  "Ricardo filio Turstini Guz et Guillelmo Caritate, Fulkoque filio Gerardi Budel atque Radulfo de Ollei" are named as present in the charter dated 30 Nov 1074 under which Odo Bishop of Bayeux bought "la terre de Chernet" from "Herberto de Agnellis", with the consent of "suo domino Radulfo de Conchis"[117]m (before [1047]) ---.  The name of Richard’s wife is not known.  She is called “Emma” in the Complete Peerage[118], but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  A manuscript relating to St Werburgh’s Chester records that “Hugo Lupus filius ducis Britanniæ et nepos Gulielmi magni ex sorore” transformed the foundation into a monastery[119].  This suggests that Hugues’s mother may have been a uterine sister of King William, and therefore daughter of Herluin de Conteville.  However, no indication has been in other primary sources which supports the contention that Hugues was the son of a duke of Brittany.  It is assumed therefore that both lines of his parentage have been romanticised in this document to improve his status and reputation.  Another possibility is that she was related to the Grantmesnil family: Orderic Vitalis records that “Rodbertus, Unfridi filius” [Robert of Rhuddlan, son of Onfroi de Tilleul and his wife Adelise de Grantmesnil] went “cum Hugone consobrino suo, Richardi de Abrincis cognomento Goz filio” to England[120]If the relationship is as indicated by Orderic, from a chronological point of view Richard’s wife could have been --- de Grantmesnil,  daughter of Robert de Grantmesnil & his wife Hawise ---.  Richard & his wife had four children: 

i)          HUGUES d'Avranches "Lupus"[121] ([1047]-St Werburg's Abbey, Chester 27 Jul 1101).  Orderic Vitalis records that King William granted “Cestrensem consulatum” to “Hugonis de Abrincis filio Ricardi cognomento Goz” after Gerbod returned to Flanders, dated to 1071[122], whereby he is held to have become Earl of Chester. 

-         EARLS of CHESTER

ii)         MARGUERITE [Mathilde] d'Avranches (-after [1098]).  She is named "Mathilda soror Hugonis comitis" by Orderic Vitalis, who also names her son[123].  The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Rannulfus Mahald uxor eius Ricardus Rannulfus de Mesc filii eorum Lucia uxor Rann"[124]m RANULF Vicomte du Bessin, son of RANULF Vicomte du Bessin & his wife Alix de Normandie (-after [1098]). 

iii)        HELISENDE d'Avranches .  Her marriage is referred to by Orderic Vitalis, who says that she was the sister of Hugh Earl of Chester but does not give her name[125].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m as his second wife, GUILLAUME [II] Comte d'Eu, son of ROBERT Comte d'Eu & his first wife Beatrix --- (-2 Jan after 1096). 

iv)       JUDITH d'Avranches .  Orderic Vitalis records that “Richerium de Aquila Engenulfi filium” married “Judith filiam Ricardi Abrincatensis cognomento Goz, sororem...Hugonis Cestrensium comitis[126].  "Robertus…" donated property to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated to [1101/17], confirmed by "Gisleberti…de Aquila" and witnessed by "Gisleberti de Aquila, Julite eiusdem matris et Juliane uxoris ipsius"[127].  "Richer de Aquila son of Ingenulf de Aquila" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Evroul by charter dated to [1099] (although this date is incorrect if the date of his death is as shown above), witnessed by "…Judiht uxore mea, filia Richardi de Abrincis et sorore Hugonis comitis Cestrensis"[128].  "Robertus…" donated property to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated to [1101/17], confirmed by "Gisleberti…de Aquila" and witnessed by "Gisleberti de Aquila, Julite eiusdem matris et Juliane uxoris ipsius"[129]m RICHER de Laigle, son of ENGENULF & his wife Richereda --- (-killed in battle Sainte-Suzanne 18 Nov 1085, bur Monastery of St Sulpice-sur-Risle).        

b)         ROBERT .  "…Turstinci vicecomitis…Turstinci Gazel…Richardi filii Turstinci, Roberti fratris eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1047 or before] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation by "Adelelmi…Beatricis uxor eius…Rotberti filius eius" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[130]

 

 

1.         GUITMUND [Wimund] .  Vicomte.  "…Vuitmundus vicecomes…" witnessed the charter dated Aug 1027 under which Richard II Duke of Normandy donated property to the abbey of Bernay[131].  "…Nigelli vicecomitis, Tursteni vicecomitis…Willelmi Arcacensis comitis, Godefridi vicecomitis, Rodgerii filii Rodulfi, Wimundi…" witnessed the charter dated to [1040] under which Guillaume Comte de Talou donated property to Jumièges[132]m ---.  The name of Wimund’s wife is not known.  Wimund & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM FitzWimund d'Avranches (-[1087]).  Orderic Vitalis records the death of “Guillelmus de Abrincis filius Witmundi”, dated to 1087 from the context[133]m ---.  William & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROBERT d'Avranches (-before 1142).    He is shown as son of William FitzWimund in the Complete Peerage, and as avunculus of Fulk Paynell[134], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Abrinc" in Devonshire accounting to the king for his malevolence for his marriage to "filia Geldewini de Dol"[135]m firstly HAWISE de Dol, daughter of GELDUIN de Dol & his wife Noga de Tinteniac.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Abrinc" in Devonshire accounting to the king for his malevolence for his marriage to "filia Geldewini de Dol"[136]Domesday Descendants mentions that she is named Hawise in one of the charters of her husband "for the Mont"[137]m secondly (after 1130) MATILDA Avenell, daughter of RANDULF Avenell & his wife Alice --- (-21 Sep 1173).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “domina Alicia uxor domini Randolphi Avenell filia sua” had “unicam filiam…Matildam” who died[138].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “domina Alicia uxor domini Randolphi Avenell filia sua…unicam filiam…Matildam” married “Roberto filio regis Henrici primi notho” after the death of her first husband “Roberto de Abrincis id est de Averinges”, and died “IX Kal Oct 1173[139].  As noted below, charter evidence indicates that the wife of Robert FitzEdith was Mathilde d’Avranches, daughter of Matilda Avenell, not Matilda Avenell herself.  Matilda’s supposed second marriage, as reported in the Ford Abbey document, is therefore assumed to be incorrect.  Robert & his second wife had four children: 

(a)       HAWISE d’Avranches ([after 1132]-1 Aug 1209).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey records that “domina Alicia uxor domini Randolphi Avenell filia sua…unicam filiam…Matildam” had “filiam unam…Hawisiam, necnon duas alias, postea factas moniales” by her husband “Roberto de Abrincis” and that she married “Reginaldo de Courtenay” as “uxor eius secunda[140].  Hawise must have been born after 1132 at the earliest as her father is recorded in [1129/30] with his first wife.  The suggested date of her marriage is based on the approximate marriage date of her son Robert in [1174/75].  m ([1150/55]) as his second wife, RENAUD Seigneur de Courtenay, son of MILON Seigneur de Courtenay & his second wife Ermengarde de Nevers ([1105/20]-27 Sep 1194). 

(b)       MATHILDE d’Avranches ).  "Robti filii Henrici Regis" confirmed the donation of "totam vineam quam Robtus fil Baldewini et Ricardus frater eius" to Exeter St Nicholas, with the consent of "Matillidis filiæ Roberti de Avrenchis et heredis Ricardi filii Baldewini", undated[141].  The heirship of Mathilde to “Ricardi filii Baldewini” (who was a member of a younger branch of the Brionne/Eu family, see above) was through her maternal grandmother, who is recorded as a sister of the brothers Robert and Richard.  "Robertus filius Regis Henrici" donated "duos ferlingos in manerio meo Calvalegiæ juxta Cobbalegiam" to Exeter St Nicholas, with the consent of "Matillidis de Abrinco uxoris meæ", by charter dated 1162[142].  The parentage of the wife of Robert FitzEdith is confirmed by a claim, dated 1222, which is recorded by Bracton: "Matillis de Curteney" sued "Robertum de Curtenay" concerning "manerium de Ocumptona", "Robertus" claiming that the land was "hereditas Matillidis de Aueregnes" who had "duas filias…Hawisiam matrem suam primogenitam […filia Gaufridi de Crimes primi viri Matillidis de Auerenches] et…Matillidem", while the claimant Matilda asserted that she had the land in question "ex dono Roberti filii Regis patris eiusdem Matillidis et secundi viri predicte Matillidis de Auerenches"[143].  A different parentage is indicated by the Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Ford Abbey which records that “domina Alicia uxor domini Randolphi Avenell filia sua…unicam filiam…Matildam” married “Roberto filio regis Henrici primi notho” after the death of her first husband “Roberto de Abrincis id est de Averinges[144].  Matilda, daughter of Ranulf Avenell, was the mother of Mathilde d’Avranches.  The two charters quoted above indicate that this supposed second marriage of Matilda is not correct.  The identity of Mathilde’s first husband is uncertain.  Bracton’s report of the 1222 lawsuit which is quoted above identifies him as "Gaufridi de Crimes primi viri Matillidis de Auerenches".  However, another claim recorded by Bracton, also dated 1222, identifies him differently: "Matillis de Curtenay" claimed against "Robertum de Curtenay" concerning "manerium de Chamelegha", the defendant stating that "Robertus filius Regis…Matillidem de Auerenches uxorem suam" held the land which was inherited by "Hawisie filie sui matri eiusdem Roberti de Curtenay que fuit filia Willelmi de Curcy viri eiusdem Matillidis"[145].  No other information has yet been found which would resolve this inconsistency.  Another outstanding point concerns the date of death of Matilda Avenell, as wife of Robert FitzEdith, as reported in the Ford Abbey document.  It is assumed that the date does in fact refer to Matilda Avenell and not to Mathilde d’Avranches, although the point is not beyond all doubt.  If that is correct, no indication has been found of the date of death of Mathilde d’Avranches.  m firstly [GEOFFROY de Crimes/GUILLAUME de Curcy], son of ---.  m secondly (before 1162) [as his second wife,] ROBERT FitzRoy, illegitimate son of HENRY I King of England & his mistress Edith --- (-31 May [1172]). 

(c)       daughter .  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “domina Alicia uxor domini Randolphi Avenell filia sua…unicam filiam…Matildam” had “filiam unam…Hawisiam, necnon duas alias, postea factas moniales” by her husband “Roberto de Abrincis[146]

(d)       daughter .  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that “domina Alicia uxor domini Randolphi Avenell filia sua…unicam filiam…Matildam” had “filiam unam…Hawisiam, necnon duas alias, postea factas moniales” by her husband “Roberto de Abrincis[147]

ii)         [daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are shown in the Complete Peerage, presumably because her supposed brother Robert d’Avranches is described as avunculus of her son Fulk Paynell[148], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  m WILLIAM Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert, son of [WILLIAM Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert and Hambye & his wife ---] (-after [1145]).] 

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de GRANVILLE

 

 

This was Granville in the Cotentin, Normandy {arr. Avranches, Manche} which was a fief of the abbey of Saint-Michel. 

 

 

1.         RENAUD de Granville (-after [1054]).  Seigneur de Granville"Hilger de Ardevone, Thescelin his brother, Reginald de Grandivalle and Ralf de Sancto-Johanne" are named as "St. Michael’s men" present in the charter dated to [1054] under which "William Pichenoht" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel, witnessed by "…Ricardi vicecomitis, Hilgerii de Ardevone, Thescelini fratris eius, Raginaldi de Grandivilla, Radulfi de Sancto Johanne"[149]A charter of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy, confirmed in a charter of King William I dated 1080, confirmed the foundation of Caen Sainte-Trinité and its possessions, including the donation of “quam habebat in Grainvilla, pro filia sua ibi facta monacha” made by “Rogerius de Molbray” witnessed by “Drogo de Sancto Vigore et Rainaldus de Glanvilla[150]

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de HAMBYE (PAYNELL)

 

 

FULK [I] Paynell of Hambye and Bréhal, Normandy and Drax, Yorkshire, son of WILLIAM Paynell de Moûtiers-Hubert & his wife [--- d’Avranches] (-1182).  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][151]Fulco Paganellus” confirmed properties of Drax priory, Yorkshire, with the consent of “Lecellinæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[152]"…Folqueio Painel…" confirmed the charter dated to [1180/82] under which Henry II King of England confirmed a donation to the abbey of Hambie by "Philippus de Columbariis"[153].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "feoda Fulkonis Paingnel" paying "xx s…ii milites" in Yorkshire[154]

m LESCELINE de Subligny Dame du Grippon, daughter of HASCULF de Subligny & his wife Denise d’Avranches (-1198 or after).  "Guillelmus…episcopus" confirmed donations to the abbey of Hambie made by "Lescelina de Subligny uxor Fulconis Paganelli", by undated charter, dated to [1145][155].  Her parents are named in the Complete Peerage, but the primary source on which the information is based has not yet been identified[156]

Fulk [I] & his wife had five children: 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-Jun 1184).  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[157].  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus”, witnessed by “Simone comite Northamptoniæ, Isabella comitissa matre eius…Fulcone Paganello, Wilielmo fratre eius…Wilielmo Paganello et Bernardo filio eius…[158]m as her first husband, ELEONORE de Vitré, daughter of ROBERT de Vitré & his wife Emma de Dinan (-20 Jul [1232/33]).  She married secondly Gilbert Crispin Seigneur de Tillières.  She married thirdly William FitzPatrick Earl of Salisbury.  She married fourthly Gilbert de Malesmains

2.         FULK [II] Paynell (-after 25 Jun 1215).  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[159].  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus”, witnessed by “Simone comite Northamptoniæ, Isabella comitissa matre eius…Fulcone Paganello, Wilielmo fratre eius…Wilielmo Paganello et Bernardo filio eius…[160].   King John pardoned "Fulcon Painell" and agreed the marriage between "filium eius Willelmum" and "filia Radi Teysum primogenitam" by charter dated 25 Jun 1215[161]m firstly CECILE Taisson, daughter of JOURDAIN Taisson & his wife Leticie ---.  "Letitia de Sancto Salvatore, qui fui uxor Jordani Tesson" donated property to the abbey of Hambie, witnessed by "Jordano Tesson filio meo, Roberto de Monte acuto milite, Letitia filia mea uxore Fulconis Paganelli"[162]m secondly (after Jun 1187) as her second husband, AGATHA du Hommet, widow of GUILLAUME de Fougères, daughter of [RICHARD du Hommet & his wife Agnes de Say].  Her first marriage and parentage are confirmed by the Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii which records the death "XVIII Kal Jul" in 1212 of "Gaufridus dominus Filgeriarum, filius Willelmi et Agathæ, filiæ Willelmi de Humeto"[163].  The primary source which confirms that Richard was her father has not yet been identified, but from a chronological point of view this appears likely to be correct.  Her second marriage is indicated by the charter dated Mar [1230/31] under which “Fulco Paganelli” gave security to Louis IX King of France on behalf of “Radulpho de Filgeriis nepoti meo” relating to “terram suam in Normannia[164].  Fulk [II] & his second wife had five children: 

a)         FULK [Foulques] [III] Paynell (-after 1248).  “Fulco Paganelli” gave security to Louis IX King of France on behalf of “Radulpho de Filgeriis nepoti meo” relating to “terram suam in Normannia” by charter dated Mar [1230/31][165]

-        see below

b)         LUCIE Paynell Le Baud records that André married fourthly “Luce fille de Monseigneur Foulques surnommé Paynel Seigneur de Hambie[166].  “Dominus Fulco Paaignel, attornatus loco domine Lucie filie sue uxoris Andree de Vitreio” claimed “terciam partem hereditagii viri sui in dotem in Normannia quam in Brittania” from “domino Aelardo de Briton[aria]”, guardian of “filium antenatum eiusdem Andree”, dated to 1211[167]"Foulques Paynel, frère de Luce Paynel, veuve d´André II de Vitré" demanded the return of the dowry of his sister, by charter dated [29 Sep] 1211[168]m as his [third/fourth] wife, ANDRE [I] Seigneur de Vitré, son of ROBERT Seigneur de Vitré & his wife Emma de Dinan (before 1155-9 Jun 1210). 

c)         WILLIAM Paynell ([after 1200?]-before Jun 1254).  A judgment dated “in media quadregisima” ([3] Mar) 1213 [misdated, in view of the 25 Jun 1215 approval for his marriage?] records that “Guillelmus Paganelli” had been seised of land “que fuit domini Radulfi Tesson sicut antenatus”, and that later the land was divided in three parts to be shared between “ultimo natus...primo natus...secundo natus”, providing for if “dominus Fulco Paganelli aliquid ceperit in portionibus postantorum suorum...[169].  That judgment is further explained in a judgment of the Echiquier de Normandie dated “die luni sequenti” in which “Fulco Paganelli” accepted “pro filio suo Willelmo[170].  King John pardoned "Fulcon Painell" and agreed the marriage between "filium eius Willelmum" and "filia Radi Teysum primogenitam" by charter dated 25 Jun 1215[171].  His date of birth is suggested by the following document: judgments given in the Echiquier de Normandie, in 1217, include the decision that “dominus Robertus Bertran et dominus Ricardus de Harecort” did not respond against “Willelmum Paganelli qui est infra etatem” for parts of “terre Radulfi Taisson defuncti[172]Matthew Paris records that "Fulco Paganellus de Normannia vir nobilis et Willelmus frater eius" swore homage to Henry III King of England in Brittany, proposing an invasion of Normandy, in 1230, the proposal being rejected by “Hubertus justitiarius”, after which they were disinherited by the French king[173].  "Willelmus Paganellus" reached agreement with “Radulphum de Feugeriis nepotem meum” concerning sales of property “in villa de Heudoimesnil” made by “pater meus Fulco Pag. defunctus”, by charter dated 1233[174].  He was named “dominus” of Grippon [inherited from his patenal grandmother] in a charter dated 1237 (no citation reference)[175].  An order was made against filio Radulfi Guiton” who had claimed against “dominum Willelmum Paganelli…propter crucem domini Fulconis Paganelli antenati sui” concerning “hereditate sua”, dated to 1239[176]He is named as deceased in his son’s Jun 1254 charter cited below.  m (after 25 Jun 1215) PERNELLE Taisson, daughter of RAOUL Taisson & his wife Mathilde de la Lande-Patri (-26 Apr, 1230 or before).  Delisle records that Pernelle obtained “les fiefs de Percy et de Haineville” under the inheritance of her father[177].  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records that the oldest of the three daughters of "Raoul Tesson sire de la Roche Tesson, de Tuit, Tury, Fontenay le Marmion" was married "au sire de Hambye"[178].  King John pardoned "Fulcon Painell" and agreed the marriage between "filium eius Willelmum" and "filia Radi Teysum primogenitam" by charter dated 25 Jun 1215[179].  A judgment dated “in media quadregisima” ([3] Mar) 1213 [misdated, in view of the 25 Jun 1215 approval for her marriage?] records that “Guillelmus Paganelli” had been seised of land “que fuit domini Radulfi Tesson sicut antenatus”, and that later the land was divided in three parts to be shared between “ultimo natus...primo natus...secundo natus”, providing for if “dominus Fulco Paganelli aliquid ceperit in portionibus postantorum suorum...[180].  That judgment is further explained in a judgment of the Echiquier de Normandie dated “die luni sequenti” in which “Fulco Paganelli” accepted “pro filio suo Willelmo” and two other judgments dated 1217 which list Guillaume’s properties (“Espinteum...apud Aniseium et Barberias et Formignium et Buschervillam et apud Rampain...et...apud Kaigneium...et...apud Fontes”)[181].  Guillaume Paynell confirmed the donation of revenue from “le tonlieu de Percy” to Hambye abbey, made by “Petronilla uxor mea defuncta”, by charter dated 1230[182].  The necrology of Hambye abbey records the death 26 Apr of “Petronilla domina de la Roche uxor Willelmi Paganelli[183].  William & his wife had one child: 

(a)       RAOUL Taisson (-after Jun 1254).  “Ralph Tesson knight of La Roche” donated tithes “in the parish of Montviron” to the chapter of Avranches, for the anniversary of “William Paynell his father”, by charter dated Jun 1254[184].  Stapleton records that his descendants (no details given), who bore the name Taisson, were “seated at the castle of La Roche-Tesson[185]

-         TAISSON

d)         JOHN Paynell .  John Paynell “lord of Marcey...grandson of Fulk and Lesceline” donated property to Hambye abbey, undated[186]

e)         JOHN Paynell (-after 1248).  Archdeacon of Coutances.  A charter dated 27 Sep 1247 records that “John Paynel archdeacon of Coutances” had “resigned tithe in Bricqueville-sur-Mer which Fulk Paynel his father had given to the Hôtel-Dieu of Coutances[187].  He was living in 1248[188]

3.         HASCULF Paynell (-after 1208).  "Hasculf Painel" paid a fine for property "in baillis ballos de insulis Gernes et Geres et aliarum insularum", dated 1208[189]

4.         JOHN PaynellDomesday Descendants names "John and a second William" as the third and fourth sons of Fulk Paynell and his wife, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[190].  Judgments given in the Echiquier de Normandie, in 1208, include the decision awarding “terram fratrum suorum fugitivorum” to “Fulco Paganelli[191].  Presumably this relates to John and William, probably because they supported John King of England against Philippe II King of France. 

5.         WILLIAM PaynellDomesday Descendants names "John and a second William" as the third and fourth sons of Fulk Paynell and his wife, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[192].  Judgments given in the Echiquier de Normandie, in 1208, include the decision awarding “terram fratrum suorum fugitivorum” to “Fulco Paganelli[193].  Presumably this relates to John and William, probably because they supported John King of England against Philippe II King of France. 

 

 

FOULQUES [III] Paynell, son of FULK [II] Paynell Seigneur de Hambye & his second wife Agatha du Hommet (-after 1248).  “Fulco Paenel junior” held “Barbevilla, unum quarterium feodi...ex parte uxoris suæ”, dated to [1210/20][194].  Matthew Paris records that "Fulco Paganellus de Normannia vir nobilis et Willelmus frater eius" swore homage to Henry III King of England in Brittany, proposing an invasion of Normandy, in 1230, the proposal being rejected by “Hubertus justitiarius”, after which they were disinherited by the French king (peace being re-established in Sep 1230)[195].  “Fulco Paganelli” gave security to Louis IX King of France on behalf of “Radulpho de Filgeriis nepoti meo” relating to “terram suam in Normannia” by charter dated Mar [1230/31][196].  He left on Crusade: an order was made against filio Radulfi Guiton” who had claimed against “dominum Willelmum Paganelli…propter crucem domini Fulconis Paganelli antenati sui” concerning “hereditate sua”, dated to 1239[197]Foulques Seigneur de Hambye granted rights to the church of Bréhal to Hambye abbey by charter dated 1248[198]

m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Foulques’s wife has not been identified.  La Roque says that “Fouques Painel” (from the context appearing to refer to Foulques [III]) married “la Dame de Brehal” (no source cited)[199]

Foulques [III] & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME Paynell (-after 1272).  Guillaume was named as oldest son of Foulques [III] in a charter dated 1247[200]Seigneur de Hambye.  Guillaume was named as seigneur de Hambye in charters dated 1256 and 1272[201].  m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Guillaume’s wife has not been identified.  La Roque says that “Guillaume Painel Baron de Hambie et Seigneur de Brehal”, son of “Fouques Painel” and his wife “la Dame de Brehal”, married “la fille du Baron de Courcy et de Reneuille”, and names their children “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie, Guillaume Painel Seigneur de Briqueville, Jean Painel chanoine de Mans, et deux filles Philippine et Thiphaigne, l’aisnée femme du Seigneur de la Champagne” (no sources cited)[202]

2.         FOULQUES Paynell .  Foulques [III]’s three sons “William, Fulk and Oliver” were named in a charter dated 1248[203]

3.         OLIVIER Paynell .  Foulques [III]’s three sons “William, Fulk and Oliver” were named in a charter dated 1248, the last-named receiving “La Haye-Pesnel[204]

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the succession of seigneurs de Hambye between 1272 and 1327 have not been identified.  Until more information comes to light, the following individuals are shown separately without speculating on their family relationships.  It should be noted that the Paynell reconstruction shown by La Chesnaye-Desbois does not appear to reflect the primary source material which is currently available and also appears to skip a generation before Foulques [V] (see below)[205].  La Roque also provides a descent of the Paynell family of Hambye.  Extracts from his narrative have been included below, but the accuracy of La Roque is mixed so until more sources emerge it is suggested that his statements should be viewed with caution. 

 

1.         FOULQUES [IV] Paynell .  As noted above, La Roque names “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” as oldest son of “Guillaume Painel Baron de Hambie et Seigneur de Brehal” and his wife “la fille du Baron de Courcy et de Reneuille” (no sources cited)[206].  No primary source has been identified which names him or confirms his parentage.  [Seigneur de Hambye].  m JEANNE de Bigaras [Bigars?] Dame de Fumechon, daughter of ---.  La Roque records that “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie”, son of “Guillaume Painel Baron de Hambie et Seigneur de Brehal” and his wife “la fille du Baron de Courcy et de Reneuille”, married “la fille du Seigneur de Bigars heritiere de la terre de Fumechon” and names their children “un fils et deux filles, l’une mariée à Jean de Villiers Baron de Coulonces et l’autre au Baron de Vreully, le fils...Guillaume Baron de Hambie” (no sources cited)[207].  Other secondary sources show her family origin and marriage, but no primary source has been identified which confirms this information. 

 

2.         [GUILLAUME Paynell .  As noted above, La Roque names “Guillaume Baron de Hambie” as son of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “la fille du Seigneur de Bigars heritiere de la terre de Fumechon”, adding that he married “N. de Norgot” by whom he had “une fille mariée à Ferrand de Brucourt et deux fils Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie et Guillaume Painel Seigneur de Fumechon” (no sources cited)[208].  No primary sources have been found which confirm any of this information.  [Seigneur de Hambye].] 

 

3.         JEAN Paynell (-after 1332).  A document dated 1332 records “dominus Johannes Paganelli” as “patronus ecclesie de Sancti Vigoris de Briquevilla super Mare” and “dominus de Cantalupi, dominus Johannes Paganelli...” as two of those holding “patronatui ecclesie Beate Margarete supra Mare[209]

 

4.         GUILLAUME Payneil As noted above, La Roque names “Guillaume Painel Seigneur de Fumechon” as younger son of “Guillaume Baron de Hambie” (no sources cited)[210].  The chronology suggests that, if that is correct, Guillaume Paynell who married Marie d’Harcourt would have been his son: Marie d’Harcourt’s birth date indicates that she was several decades younger than Foulques [V] Paynell, whom La Roque says was the older son of ”Guillaume Baron de Hambie”.  The primary source which confirms Guillaume’s parentage has not been identified, but the inheritance of Fumechon by his daughter suggests descent from Foulques [IV] Paynell and his wife, assuming that the information shown above relating to that couple is accurate.  [Seigneur de Fumechon.]  It should be noted that La Roque records “Fumechon” as one of the fiefs held by Robert [V] d’Harcourt Seigneur de Beaumesnil and by his son Robert [VI][211].  La Roque’s biographical narratives makes no mention of Fumechon in connection with either Robert [V] or Robert [VI], but some doubt would be introduced into the connection between the Paynell family and Fumechon if he were correct.  m MARIE d’Harcourt, daughter of ROBERT [IV] d’Harcourt Seigneur de Beaumesnil & his first wife --- ([before 1340]-).  Père Anselme notes that Marie was the older daughter of Robert [IV] by his second wife and was heiress of Beaumesnil[212].  Her birth date, estimated from her daughter’s estimated birth date, is consistent with her being the daughter of a first marriage of her father.  Père Anselme states that Marie married “Guillaume Painel seigneur de Milly et de Concressaut, fils d’Olivier Paynel chevalier & d’Isabelle de Meullent dame de Milly[213].  This passage is garbled.  Isabelle de Meulan, heiress of Milly, married Guillaume Paynell, son of Nicolas Paynell (see above).  As Isabelle married two further husbands after Guillaume Paynell, Marie d’Harcourt could not have been his second wife, while the chronology dictates that the husband of Marie d’Harcourt could not in any case have been the son of Isabelle de Meulan (whose birth is dated to after 1320, see above).  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARIE Paynell ([before 1357]-after 1408, [maybe after 1448?]).  Père Anselme notes that Marie, daughter of Marie d’Harcourt and her husband named above, married Guillaume de Tournebu Seigneur de Marbeuf et de Blangy, while their grandson Jean de Tournubu sold Beaumesnil to Jean de Lorraine Comte d’Harcourt in 1458[214].  Fierville notes Marie’s marriage contract dated 15 Mar 1369 but provides no details of the contract and no citation reference[215].  Marie’s birth date is estimated on the assumption that this contract date is correct and that she was at least 12 years old at the time.  Dame de Beaumesnil, de Flers, de Glos-sur-Risle, et de Fumechon.  Fierville records that Guillaume de Tournebu and his wife donated harvest rights to Notre-Dame du Bose by charter dated 1392[216]La Roque (citing “l’Eschiquier de la duché de Normandie tenu à Rouen au terme de Pasques 1400“) names “messire Jean d’Iury chevalier seigneur de Rosny et dame Beatrix de Harcourt sa femme et dame Marie Painel veufue de messire Guillaume de Tournebu chevalier seigneur de Marbœuf[217].  La Roque cites a document dated 1408 which names “Messire Huë de Beuville  chevalier, messire Robert de Harcourt, dame Marie Paisnel dame de Beaumesnil veufve de messire Guillaume de Tournebu chevalier[218].  La Roque (citing “Eschiquier de l’an 1448“) records a judgment which names “dame Marie Paisnel veufve de messire Guillaume de Tournebu et les hoirs de messire Huë de Beuville chevalier se portant heritiers de messire Jean de Harcourt chevalier[219]It is not known whether this document indicates that Marie was still alive at that date (when she would have been extremely old).  m (contract 15 Mar 1369) GUILLAUME de Tournebu Seigneur de Marbeuf et de Blangy, son of JEAN [I] de Tournebu Seigneur de Marbeuf & his wife Jeanne du Châtel dame du Coudray (-before 1400).  La Roque (citing “Extraict des Archives de la maison de Beaumesnil, Harcourt, et Memoires de Monsieur de Brezé Mallet“) names this couple’s son “et successeur en la terre de Beaumesnil Jean de Tournebu” who married “Louise de Hangest”, by whom he had “Jean de Tournebu aussi seigneur de Beaumesnil” who sold “icelle terre à Jean de Lorraine Comte de Harcourt” in 1458, noting that “les autres heritiers de la maison de Beaumesnil...avec ladite Marie Paisnel” after the deaths of “Robert de Harcourt [Robert [IV] d’Harcourt] et Beatrix de Harcourt sa fille” were “Jean Dacy dit le petit [G]alois representant la ligne de Pierre Mauvoisin et de Guillaume de Tournebu[220]

 

 

The parentage of Foulques [V] is open to some doubt.  As noted above, La Roque names “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” as older son of “Guillaume Baron de Hambie” and his wife “N. de Norgot” [could this be a transcription error for “Avaugour”?], noting that he married “Agnes de Chantelou” (no sources cited)[221].  Some secondary sources show Foulques [V] as the son of Guillaume Paynell and his wife Marguerite d’Avaugour, although Père Anselme says that this couple was childless.  Several other indications suggest that this parentage is correct.  For example, the ecclesiastical appointment of Foulques [V]’s sons Robert (as bishop of Tréguier) and Jean (archdeacon of Penthièvre) suggest influence from the Avaugour family, while his supposed daughter Philippa (later abbess of Maubuisson) received payments from members of the Avaugour family on entering Maubuisson (see below).  The descent from Guillaume Paynell/Marguerite d’Avaugour appears corroborated by the “Noble lignée de Hambie Painel” manuscript published by La Roque (dated by him to 1493 but whose initial composition is dated to [1397] by Polonovski[222]) which states that “Guillaume Painel chevalier sire de Hambie...” (grandson of Foulques [V], died [7 Jul 1401/24 Sep 1402], see below) and “Madame de Préaux femme de monsieur Jacques de Bourbon” (daughter of Blanche Crespin, granddaughter of Jeanne d’Avaugour) were related “du troisième degré et Monsieur de Hambie est du 4. à cause de la maison d’Avaugour[223].  The obvious explanation for this family relationship was through Foulques [V]’s supposed mother Marguerite d’Avaugour[224]

 

GUILLAUME Paynell, son of --- .  He and his marriage have not been found in La Roque.  Secondary sources show Guillaume as the son of Foulques [IV] Paynell and his wife, shown above.  No primary source has been identified which confirms this affiliation.  Was he the same person as Guillaume Paynell, named by La Roque (see above)?  [Seigneur de Hambye].  It should be noted that Guillaume is not named “seigneur” in the undated document relating to his marriage cited below. 

m ([1296 or before]) MARGUERITE d’Avaugour, daughter of HENRI [III] d´Avaugour Baron d'Avaugour, de Mayenne et de Goello & his wife Marie de Beaumont-Brienne.  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage in 1296, noting that she died childless (no source citation)[225].  “Articles additionnels du contrat de mariage de Guillaume Paynel, époux de Marguerite d’Avaugour” were agreed between “Henri d’Avaugour sire de Goello et de Mayenne” and “le susdit son gendre”, extract undated[226].  The source which confirms her marriage date has not been identified, but it is approximately consistent with the estimated birth date of her supposed son. 

Guillaume & his wife had [two children]: 

1.         [FOULQUES [V] Paynell ([1285/95?]-[3 Dec 1349/13 Dec 1350]).  Seigneur de Hambye.  The monks of Hambye permitted Foulques to appoint a successor to the parish church by charter dated 12 Aug 1327[227].  A document dated 1332 records “dominus Fulcoyus Paganelli dominus de Hambeya” as “patronus ecclesie de Cantulupi, ratione domine Agnetis de Cantalupi uxoris sue” and “dominus Fulc[oyus] Paganelli” as “patronus ecclesie de Longavilla[228].  Philippe de Carteret sold revenues in the parish of Saint-Germain-de-Tournebu to Foulques Paynell by charter dated 3 Dec 1349[229].  He died before 13 Dec 1350, the date of his wife’s charter cited below.]  m AGNES de Chanteloup, daughter of ROBERT de Chanteloup & his wife Marguerite de Bruecourt (-after 12/13 Jun 1372, bur Hambye).  She is named as wife of Foulques by La Roque, as noted below.  Dutilleux & Depoin name “Agnès de Cantelou” as wife of Foulques and mother of Philippa abbesse de Maubuisson (see below)[230].  Agnès de Chanteloup dame de Hambye donated rights over property at Gavray to Hambye abbey, for the souls of “son...seigneur...monsieur Fouque Paignel jadis chevalier, de monsieur Robert de Changelou jadis chevalier son père, de madame Marguerite de Bruecort sa mère, de monsieur Fouque de Chantelou son oncle”, by charter dated 13 Dec 1350[231].  Le Cacheux cites charters dated 31 Jan 1361 (N.S.), 8 Jul 1370 and 12/13 Jun 1372 in which she is named[232].  She was buried at Hambye abbey[233].  Foulques [V] & his wife had twelve children: 

a)         GUILLAUME Paynell ([1315?]-4 Mar 1361).  His parentage is confirmed by his marriage contract.  Seigneur de Hambye

-        see below

b)         FOULQUES [VI] Paynell (-after 2 Jan 1376).  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin...” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[234].  Foulques Paynell donated property to Hambye, for the souls of “Jean et Guillaume Paisnels jadis archidiacres, de monsieur Foulques Paisnel jadis nostre père, de madame Agnès Chanteloup nostre mère”, by charter dated 17 Nov 1364[235].  Seigneur de Chanteloup.  Le Cacheux cites charters dated 11 Feb 1365 (N.S.) and 2 Jan 1376 (N.S.) in which he is named[236]

c)         ROBERT Paynell (-20/23 Feb 1366, bur [Nantes]).  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin...” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[237].  Bishop of Tréguier 1353.  Bishop of Nantes 1354[238].  Le Cacheux records his date of death and possible place of burial[239]

d)         JEAN Paynell (-before 17 Nov 1364).  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin...” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[240].  Archdeacon of Penthièvre[241].  Foulques Paynell donated property to Hambye, for the souls of “Jean et Guillaume Paisnels jadis archidiacres, de monsieur Foulques Paisnel jadis nostre père, de madame Agnès Chanteloup nostre mère”, by charter dated 17 Nov 1364[242]

e)         RAOUL Paynell (-[1377/12 Aug 1379]).  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin...” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[243].  Seigneur de Créances.  Le Cacheux cites charters dated 16 Jan 1367 (N.S.), 23 Aug 1370, 27 Sep 1370, and 1377 in which he is named, noting that he died before 12 Aug 1379[244]

f)          GUILLAUME Paynell (-before 17 Nov 1364).  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin...” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[245].  Canon at Avranches[246].  Foulques Paynell donated property to Hambye, for the souls of “Jean et Guillaume Paisnels jadis archidiacres, de monsieur Foulques Paisnel jadis nostre père, de madame Agnès Chanteloup nostre mère”, by charter dated 17 Nov 1364[247]

g)         NICOLAS Paynell (-1400, bur Montflacon).  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin...” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[248].  Seigneur de Bricqueville.  Le Cacheux records documents dated 1368, 5 Dec 1371, 12 Sep 1374, 23 Nov 1377, 10 Aug 1378, 12 Aug 1379, 27 Nov 1382, 31 Aug 1383, 10 Sep 1383, Apr 1388, 1395, 1397 in which he is named, suggesting that he was not the Nicolas Paynell whose death is recorded 2 Mar 1363 (O.S.) in the necrology of Hambye[249].  The cartulary of Hambye records his date of death and place of burial[250]m firstly MARIE de la Marche, daughter of --- (-bur Hambye).  Le Cacheux records her family origin and marriage, and her place of burial[251]m secondly ([29 Sep 1390]) as her second husband, JACQUEMINE de Haverskerque Dame de Watten, widow of RAOUL Tesson Seigneur du Grippon, daughter of --- (-after 1403).  Le Cacheux records her parentage and two marriages, noting the claim by her first husband’s brother to  his succession in 1395/97 and 1403[252]

h)         JEANNE Paynell .  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” records that “Raoul de Meullent” (indicating Raoul [I]) married “Jeanne Painel de Hambie”, noting that “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” married “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou”, by whom he had “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin et cinq filles, l’aisnée desquelles fut mariée à monsieur Raoul de Meullent seigneur de Courseulles, une autre à Jean de Villiers Baron du Hommet, la troisième fut abbesse de Maubuisson, la quatrième prieure en l’abbaye Saincte-Trinité de Caen, et la dernière religieuse en ladite abbaye sans autre charge[253].  No primary sources have been identified which confirm this information, although the chronology of the Paynell family (for example, the marriage contract of Jeanne’s supposed oldest brother Guillaume, see above) suggests that her’s husband was a later “Raoul [IV] de Meulan”.  The connection between the Meulan/Courseulles and Paynell/Hambye families is corroborated by the “Noble lignée de Hambie Painel” manuscript published by La Roque (dated by him to 1493 but whose initial composition is dated to [1397] by Polonovski[254]) which records the relationship with “Monsieur Raoul de Meulenc seigneur de Courceulle [presumably Jeanne’s son Raoul [V], first cousin of Guillaume Paynell who died 1401/02] à cause des Paineaux du deuxième degré de tous costés[255]m ([1340?]) RAOUL [IV] de Meulan Seigneur de Courseulles, son of GUY de Meulan Seigneur de Courseulles & his wife --- (-[after 1375?]). 

i)          MARIE Paynell (-2 Feb 1387).  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “...cinq filles, l’aisnée desquelles fut mariée à monsieur Raoul de Meullent seigneur de Courseulles, une autre à Jean de Villiers Baron du Hommet, la troisième fut abbesse de Maubuisson, la quatrième prieure en l’abbaye Saincte-Trinité de Caen, et la dernière religieuse en ladite abbaye sans autre charge” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[256].  Le Cacheux records her name and date of death[257]m JEAN de Villiers Baron du Hommet, son of ---. 

j)          [PHILIPPA Paynell (-[28 Jan or 21 Feb] 1390, bur Maubuisson).  Abbess of Maubuisson [1361/62].  Gallia Christiana records her appointment 5 Jan 1361 (O.S.) (no source citation)[258].  Two different parentages are suggested for Philippa by different sets of secondary sources, none of which is obviously reliable.  The first group indicate that she was the daughter of Foulques [V] Paynell and his wife.  The earliest author in this group is La Roque who says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” (otherwise unidentified, and undated) names “...cinq filles, l’aisnée desquelles fut mariée à monsieur Raoul de Meullent seigneur de Courseulles, une autre à Jean de Villiers Baron du Hommet, la troisième fut abbesse de Maubuisson, la quatrième prieure en l’abbaye Saincte-Trinité de Caen, et la dernière religieuse en ladite abbaye sans autre charge” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[259]Gallia Christiana records the same information[260].  Dutilleux & Depoin repeat the same parentage, citing Gallia Christiana[261].  The second group name Guillaume Paynell and his wife Marguerite d’Avaugour (see above) as Philippa’s parents.  Dutilleux & Depoin, on the same page where they espouse Foulques Paynell as Philippa’s father, also record that on 9 Dec 1340 “sa tante Blanche d’Avaugour, veuve du chevalier Guillaume d’Harcourt sire de la Saussaie...[et] Marguerite d’Avaugour sa...sœur” established revenue in her favour when Philippa entered Maubuisson, citing “Notes de l’abbé Milhet” (no other source citation, charter not found so no checking possible to confirm whether it specifies the family relationships as reported by Milhet)[262].  In another section, Dutilleux & Depoin quote extensive passages from “les notes de l’abbé Milhet” which record monumental inscriptions at Maubuisson including the burial (in the abbey) of “madame --- noble seigneur d’Hambuye --- abbesse de ceans ---” and her death 28 Jan 1390, as well as displaying the Paynell arms[263].  In his commentary, Abbé Milhet completes the spaces by naming Philippa and says that she was the daughter of Guillaume Paynell and his wife.  No primary source which confirms Philippa’s correct parentage has been identified.  It should be noted that Père Anselme, stating that Guillaume Paynell and his wife were childless, dates their marriage to 1296 (no source citation)[264].  That date, if correct, seems unlikely to be compatible with any daughter of theirs having entered Maubuisson in 1340 and dying in 1390.] 

k)         --- Paynell .  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “...cinq filles, l’aisnée desquelles fut mariée à monsieur Raoul de Meullent seigneur de Courseulles, une autre à Jean de Villiers Baron du Hommet, la troisième fut abbesse de Maubuisson, la quatrième prieure en l’abbaye Saincte-Trinité de Caen, et la dernière religieuse en ladite abbaye sans autre charge” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[265].  Prioress at Caen Sainte-Trinité. 

l)          --- Paynell .  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “...cinq filles, l’aisnée desquelles fut mariée à monsieur Raoul de Meullent seigneur de Courseulles, une autre à Jean de Villiers Baron du Hommet, la troisième fut abbesse de Maubuisson, la quatrième prieure en l’abbaye Saincte-Trinité de Caen, et la dernière religieuse en ladite abbaye sans autre charge” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[266].  Nun at Caen Sainte-Trinité. 

2.         [PHILIPPA Paynell (-2 Oct 1336).  Le Cacheux records that “Philippe sœur de Fouques Painel, femme de Robert de Hotot...seigneur du Hommet, et dame de Marcambie” donated revenue to Maubuisson, and records her death 2 Oct 1336[267]m ROBERT de Hotot Seigneur du Hommet, son of ---.] 

 

 

GUILLAUME Paynell, son of FOULQUES [V] Paynell Seigneur de Hambye & his wife Agnes de Chanteloup ([1315?]-4 Mar 1361).  His parentage is confirmed by his marriage contract.  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” names “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin et cinq filles, l’aisnée desquelles fut mariée à monsieur Raoul de Meullent seigneur de Courseulles, une autre à Jean de Villiers Baron du Hommet, la troisième fut abbesse de Maubuisson, la quatrième prieure en l’abbaye Saincte-Trinité de Caen, et la dernière religieuse en ladite abbaye sans autre charge” as children of “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” and his wife “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou[268]Seigneur de Hambye.  Guillaume ratified the 13 Dec 1350 donation made by his mother to Hambye abbey by charter dated 24 May 1351[269].  The Chronique des règnes de Jean II et de Charles V records that, after the murder of “monseigneur Charles d’Espaigne, lors connestable de France” 8 Jan 1353 (O.S.), Charles II King of Navarre sought protection in Normandy from “les dessus nommés de Harcourt, le seigneur de Hambuie, monseigneur Jehan Malet seigneur de Graaville, monseigneur Almaury de Meulent[270].  Pope Innocent VI granted indulgences “in articulo mortis” to Guillaume and his wife Jeanne 18 Jan 1353[271].  The necrology of Hambye records his death 4 Mar 1360 (O.S.)[272]

m (contract 2 Jun 1338) as her first husband, JEANNE Bertrand, daughter of ROBERT [VIII] Bertrand Seigneur de Briquebec & his wife Marie de Sully ([1319/25?]-after 8 Nov 1396).  The marriage contract of "Robert Bertran chevalier, sire de Briquebec, mareschal de France…demoiselle Jehenne Bertan fille" and "Fouquie Painnel chevalier, seigneur de Hambuye…Guillaume Painel escueir fils ainsné" is dated 2 Jun 1338[273].  Dame de Bricquebec.  She married secondly Guy Seigneur de la Roche-Guyon.  Père Anselme records her second marriage and dates the marriage contract (presumably incorrectly in light of her first husband’s date of death) to 1353[274].  A request to the Chambre des Comptes by Jacqueline d’Estouteville dated 1542 records that Jeanne swore allegiance for the baronny of Briquebec 8 Nov 1396 (no source citation)[275]

Guillaume & his wife had five children: 

1.         JEAN Paynell ([1340/45?]-before 1375).  Le Cacheux names Jean, Guillaume, Foulques, Bertrand and Agnes as the children of Guillaume Paynell and his wife[276]Seigneur de Hambyem (Papal dispensation [1349/50]) as her first husband, MARIE Bertrand Vicomtesse de Fauguernon,  daughter of [ROBERT Bertrand Seigneur de Fontenay-le-Marmion & his wife Jeanne de Tilly].  Le Cacheux records that Jean Paynell married Marie Bertrand Vicomtesse de Fauguernon (noting Pope Clement VI’s dispensation for their marriage dated [1349/50][277]), while Saige records her supposed second marriage, noting that she claimed dower from her first husband’s brother Guillaume in 1375[278].  If Saige is correct, she married secondly Yon de Garencières, capitaine de Caen.  Her marriage with Yon de Garencières is indicated by the Terrier de Tilly (1375-1415) which names “mons. Yon sire de Guerenchieres et madame Marie Bertran sa fame” (Angers indicating her parentage)[279].  However, the chronology seems unfavorable for her first marriage, given the estimated birth date of her first husband and the marriage contracts of her parents dated 1316 and 1318.  Other possibilities include Marie being the granddaughter, not the daughter, of Robert Bertrand and his wife Jeanne de Tilly. 

2.         GUILLAUME Paynell (-[7 Jul 1401/24 Sep 1402], bur Hambye).  Le Cacheux names Jean, Guillaume, Foulques, Bertrand and Agnes as the children of Guillaume Paynell and his wife, recording that Guillaume was named in documents dated 14 Apr 1369, 8 Sep 1370, and between 1381 and 1401[280]Seigneur de Hambye.  Guillaume and his brothers Foulques and Bertrand reached agreement about their father’s succession by charter dated 4 Jul 1383[281].  La Roque (citing “Les Eschiquiers de Normandie des années 1379, 1390 et 1391”) records the legal action brought by “dame Marguerite de Saquainville dame de Saquainville, de S. Germain des Angles et de Percy“ against “Ion Sire de Garencieres et madame Marie Bertran sa femme...Guillaume Paisnel chevalier seigneur de Hambie et...damoiselle Jeanne du Fay veuve de feu Jean Morin escuyer, Jean Bauffes n’agueres bailly d’Evreux” relating to revenue from “le moulin de Saquainville[282].  He died before 24 Sep 1402 when his son Guillaume ratified the marriage contract of his daughter Marie (see below).  m JEANNE Paynell, daughter of [OLIVIER Paynell Seigneur de Moyon & his wife Isabelle de Mailly].  Le Cacheux records the marriage of Jeanne Paynell, naming “Olivier Painel seigneur de Moyon et Isabelle de Meulan” as her parents[283].  As Jeanne was heiress of Moyon, it seems more likely that she was the daughter of Olivier Paynell and Isabelle de Mailly.  Guillaume & his wife had children: 

a)         GUILLAUME Paynell (-after 5 Oct 1409).  Seigneur de Hambye.  Le Cacheux records charters dated 10 May 1402, 9 Oct 1402, Sep 1403, May 1408, and 5 Oct 1409 in which he was named, suggesting that he died soon after this last date[284]

b)         FOULQUES Paynell (-[1413])Le Cacheux records charters dated 10 May 1402, 1405, 1407, 1409, May 1410 in which he was named[285]Seigneur de Hambyem as her first husband, JEANNE de Dinan, daughter of CHARLES de Dinan Seigneur de Montafilant & his third wife Jeanne de Beaumanoir.  She married secondly (before 20 Sep 1414) Guillaume de Graville Seigneur de la Brisette.  Foulques & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNE Paynell (-1432 or after)Dame de HambyeThe marriage contract of "Gilles de Retz” and “Jeanne Paynel” was agreed 4 Jan 1416 (O.S.) between “Jean de la Suze” and “Charles de Dinan seigneur de Châteaubriant et Marguerite sa fille, mère de Jeanne[286]Betrothed (contract 4 Jan 1417) to GILLES de Laval Seigneur de Rays, son of GUY de Laval Seigneur de Rays et de Blaison & his wife Marie de Craon ([1404/05]-killed Nantes 24 Oct 1440). 

c)         NICOLAS Paynell (-2 Apr 1415).  Seigneur de Moyon, de Chanteloup et de CréancesLe Cacheux records charters dated 5 May 1405, 1407, 25 Oct 1408, 1409 in which he was named[287]Seigneur de Hambyem JEANNE de Champaigne Dame de Gascé, daughter of GUILLAUME de Champaigne Seigneur d’Appilly & his wife Agnes du Merle Dame du Mesle-Raoul [Merlerault], baronne de Gascé et de la Ferté-Fresnel (-1437).  Le Cacheux records her parentage and marriage, and her date of death[288]Nicolas & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNE Paynell (-[1456]).  Le Cacheux records her parentage and marriage[289].  Dame de Moyon, de Briquebec et de Gascé.  Dame de Hambye 1432.  m ([1414/15]?) LOUIS d’Estouteville Seigneur d’Estouteville, son of JEAN [II] Seigneur d’Estouteville & his wife Marguerite d’Harcourt Dame de Longueville et de Plaines (-21 Aug 1464)  

d)         JEAN Paynell (-after 5 May 1413).  Seigneur du Mesnil-Céron.  His testament, dated 5 May 1413, bequeathed property to “sa fille naturelle Marguerite qu’il avait eue de Jeanne de Baillie”, and named as executors “ses deux frères Fouques et Nicole...son oncle Bertrand[290]

e)         JACQUELINE Paynell (-[before 7 Jan 1424?]).  Le Cacheux records her parentage and marriage, noting that she was involved during the minority of her niece Jeanne Paynell[291].  The 7 Jan 1423 (O.S.) charter, under which “Marie de Paillart mère de feu Pierre II d’Orgemont seigneur de Chantilly et de Montjay, tutrice de ses enfants mineurs, et Pierre III d’Orgemont, écuyer, fils de Pierre II” pledged “le fief de Tournedos” to the Celestines[292], suggests that Jacqueline was deceased at the time as she was not the guardian of her minor children.  m PIERRE [II] d’Orgemont Seigneur de Chantilly, son of AMAURY d’Orgemont Seigneur de Chantilly & his wife Marie de Paillart (-killed in battle Azincourt 24 Oct 1415). 

f)          MARIE Paynell .  Le Cacheux records the marriage contract between Marie and “Jean Tesson chevalier fils de Robert Tesson seigneur du Grippon, et petit-fils de Raoul Tesson, premier mari de Jacquemine de Haverskerque” dated 7 Jul 1401, ratified 24 Sep 1402 by her brother Guillaume[293]m JEAN Taisson, son of ROBERT Taisson Seigneur du Grippon & his wife ---. 

3.         FOULQUES Paynell (-killed in battle Nikopolis 25 Sep 1396).  Guillaume and his brothers Foulques and Bertrand reached agreement about their father’s succession by charter dated 4 Jul 1383[294].  Seigneur de Créances.  Le Cacheux records charters dated 12 May 1380, 16 Mar 1386, 1391, 1395, 12 Apr 1396 in which he is named, and his death in battle at Nikopolis[295].  m MARIE Riboul, daughter of FOULQUES Riboul Seigneur de Villeret & his wife ---.  Le Cacheux records her parentage and marriage[296]

4.         BERTRAND Paynell (-after 1418).  Guillaume and his brothers Foulques and Bertrand reached agreement about their father’s succession by charter dated 4 Jul 1383[297].  Seigneur d’Olonde.  Le Cacheux records charters dated 8 May 1385, 28 Oct 1385, 1397, 19 May 1407, 5 Oct 1409, 20 Oct 1412, 15 Oct 1415, and 1418 in which he is named, and his surviving the battle of Azincourt, [298].  m JEANNE de Garcencières, daughter of ---. 

5.         AGNES Paynell .  Guillaume and his brothers Foulques and Bertrand reached agreement about their father’s succession by charter dated 4 Jul 1383, which records the dowry given to their sister Agnes on her marriage to “Robin le Baveux seigneur de Longueville[299]m ROBIN la Baveux Seigneur de Longueville, son of ---. 

 

 

The primary source which confirms the parentage of Olivier Paynell Seigneur de Moyon has not been found. 

 

1.         OLIVIER Paynell (-after 20 Dec 1351).  Seigneur de Moyon.  He was named in the 20 Dec 1351 which names his son Guillaume, quoted below.  m ---.  Olivier & his wife had two children: 

a)         OLIVIER Paynell (-before Oct 1347).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract of his daughter Jeanne quoted above.  He is named as deceased in the same document.  m ISABELLE de Mailly, daughter of --- (-after Oct 1347).  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the Oct 1347 marriage contract of her daughter Jeanne quoted below.  Olivier & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNE Paynell The marriage contract between Olivier Paynel Sire de Moyon chevalier, Ysabel de Mailly fame de feu Olivier Paynel filz et hoir dudit Sire de Moion et Guillaume Paynel escuier fiuz aussi dudit Sire de Moion...damoiselle Jehanne Painnelle fille et hoir dudit feu Olivier Paynel et de ladite Ysabeau de Mailly quant il seront en âge suffisant de ce faire“ and “chevalier Thibaut sire de Mathefelon nostre chambellanc [...et Beatrix de Dreux sa femme]...Pierre de Mathefelon [...leur] fils mainsné dudit sire de Mathefelon” is dated Oct 1347[300]Le Cacheux records the marriage of Jeanne Paynell, naming “Olivier Painel seigneur de Moyon et Isabelle de Meulan” as her parents[301].  As Jeanne was heiress of Moyon, it seems more likely that she was the daughter of Olivier Paynell and Isabelle de Mailly.  Betrothed (contract Oct 1347) to PIERRE de Mathefelon, son of THIBAUT [V] Seigneur de Mathefelon & his second wife Beatrix de Dreux (-killed Hungary 1393).  m GUILLAUME Paynell Seigneur de Hambye, son of GUILLAUME Paynell Seigneur de Hambye & his wife Jeanne Bertrand (-[7 Jul 1401/24 Sep 1402], bur Hambye). 

b)         GUILLAUME Paynell (-after 20 Dec 1351)His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract of his niece Jeanne quoted above.  Seigneur de Milly, de iure uxorism (before 13 Dec 1348) as her first husband, ISABELLE de Meulan, daughter of WALERAN de Meulan & his wife Jeanne de Bouville (after 1320-7 Feb 1407, bur la Perrine).  Her parentage and three marriages are recorded by Richemond[302].  Richemond states that Jean de Clisson died childless in 1346 and bequeathed Milly to his maternal first cousin Isabelle de Meulan[303].  Dame de Milly.  Guillaume Paynel chr fils d’Olivier Paynel chr à cause d’Isabeau de Meulan sa femme” sued “Guillaume de Vivonne chr” concerning “une terre…à Blaison et dont il avait été saisi après le décès de Jean de Clisson chr”, dated 1348[304].  A document dated 13 Dec 1348 records possession of “la terre et châtellenie de Concressant et de la terre de Montfaucon” granted to “Guillaume Paynel fils d’Olivier Paynel chr à cause de sa femme Isabeau de Meulan héritière de feu Jean de Clisson chr”, against “Savary de Vivonne chr et Mahaut de Clisson dame de Thors sa femme sœur de Jean[305].  A document dated 13 Dec 1348 records possession of “deux maisons…à Paris rue Pavée…[qui] provenaient de la succession de Jean de Clisson chr” granted to “Guillaume Paynel fils d’Olivier Paynel chr à cause de sa femme Isabeau de Meulan fille de Galeran de Meulan, sa femme”, against “Guillaume de Vivonne chr[306].  “Guillaume Painel escuyer Seigneur de Milly en Gatinois fils de...Olivier Painel chevalier [...Seigneur de Moion] en son propre...nom et ou nom de damoiselle Isabel de Meullent sa femme absente [...fille de Galeran de Meulent iadis escuyer]” appointed a proxy regarding the sale of “le chastel et chastellenie de Concressaut”, inherited by “d’icelle damoiselle”, by charter dated 20 Dec 1351[307]She married secondly Guillaume de Montenay Seigneur de Garencières, de Baudemont et du Hommet (en partie).  Père Anselme records her second marriage without citing any source on which this information is based[308]She married thirdly Henri de ThiévilleLetters dated 8 Mar 1383 addressed to “[le] baillé au Roy de la terre de Milly en Gastinois” record a claim relating to “Gaes” brought by “Henry de Thieuville chevalier Seigneur dudit lieu et par Isabeau de Meullent sa femme[309].  Père Anselme records her date of death and place of burial[310]

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS d’ORVAL

 

 

1.         RENAUD [I] d’Orval (-after 1126).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation to Holy Trinity, Lessay by "Rainaldus de Aureavalle" by charter dated 1126, witnessed by "Roberto de Haia, Rogero de Sancto Johanne, Hugone de Aureavalle…"[311]

 

2.         HUGUES d’Orval (-after 1126).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation to Holy Trinity, Lessay by "Rainaldus de Aureavalle" by charter dated 1126, witnessed by "Roberto de Haia, Rogero de Sancto Johanne, Hugone de Aureavalle…"[312]

 

3.         RENAUD [II] d’Orval m MURIEL de Saint-Jean, daughter of ROGER de Saint-Jean & his wife Cecilia de La Haye.  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex records that “Willielmum et Robertum se sancto Johanne…Murielem sororem suam” married “Reginaldo de Aurea-valle” by whom she had "filiam…Mabiliam" who married "Adæ de Port"[313].  Renaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         MABILE d’Orval ).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Mabiliam" as the daughter of “Willielmum et Robertum se sancto Johanne…Murielem sororem suam” and her husband “Reginaldo de Aurea-valle”, adding that she married "Adæ de Port"[314]m as his first wife, ADAM de Port, son of JOHN de Port & his wife Maud --- ([1150/55]-[25 Jun/28 Jul] 1213). 

 

 

 

G.      SEIGNEURS de SAINT-JEAN

 

 

According to The Complete Peerage, this was Saint-Jean-le-Thomas in the Cotentin, Normandy {arr. Avranches, Manche} which was a fief of the abbey of Saint-Michel[315]

 

 

1.         RAOUL de Saint-Jean (-after Oct 1066).  Seigneur de Saint-Jean.  "Hilger de Ardevone, Thescelin his brother, Reginald de Grandivalle and Ralf de Sancto-Johanne" are named as "St. Michael’s men" present in the charter dated to [1053] under which "William Pichenoht" donated property to Mont Saint-Michel, witnessed by "…Ricardi vicecomitis, Hilgerii de Ardevone, Thescelini fratris eius, Raginaldi de Grandivilla, Radulfi de Sancto Johanne"[316].  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "le sire de S. Jehan" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[317]

 

2.         OLIVIER de Saint-Jean (-after 1093).  The Gwentian Chronicle records that "Oliver St John" was granted "the lordship of Aberbernant" by Robert FitzHamon after the defeat of Rhys ap Tewdwr in Wales in 1093[318]

 

 

[Five] siblings, parents not known.  The chronology may be too extended for them to have been the sons of Raoul de Saint-Jean who is shown above: 

1.         THOMAS de Saint-Jean (-[1123/30]).  Seigneur de Saint-Jean.  Orderic Vitalis records that "Thomam de Sancto Johanne" ineffectively blockaded Tinchebrai on behalf of Henry I King of England in 1106[319].  He and his family were studied by Gerville[320].  "…Th. de Sancto Johanne…" witnessed the charter dated 1108 under which Henry I King of England confirmed the foundation of Holy Trinity, London[321].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that King Henry I appointed "Thoma de Sancto Johanne ac Ricardo de Monte" as "Oxenefordscire vicecomitibus" at Oxford in 1111[322].  Matthew Paris quotes a charter dated 1116 of King Henry I which records his grant of Biscot, Bedfordshire to the abbey of St Albans, witnessed by "…Adam de Port, Thomas de Sancto Johanne, Willelmus frater eius, Hugo de Gornaio"[323].  A charter dated to [1121] records that "Thomas de Sancto Johanne" had constructed his castle at Saint-Jean with wood taken from land of the abbey of Saint-Michel and records his donation in settlement of their claim, signed by "Thoma, Johanne fratre eius et Rogerio…"[324].  A charter dated to [1123/29] records a donation by King Henry I to Mont-Saint-Michel, witnessed by "…Thoma de Sancto Johanne"[325]

2.         GUILLAUME de Saint-Jean .  Matthew of Paris quotes a charter dated 1116 of King Henry I which records his grant of Biscot, Bedfordshire to the abbey of St Albans, witnessed by "…Adam de Port, Thomas de Sancto Johanne, Willelmus frater eius, Hugo de Gornaio"[326]

3.         JEAN de Saint-Jean (-[1149/53]).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Rogerius de Sancto Johanne et Johannes frater eius" defended the castle of La Motte-Gautier against Foulques V Comte d’Anjou for Henry I King of England in 1118[327].  A charter dated to [1121] records that "Thomas de Sancto Johanne" had constructed his castle at Saint-Jean with wood taken from land of the abbey of Saint-Michel and records his donation in settlement of their claim, signed by "Thoma, Johanne fratre eius et Rogerio…"[328].  The Historia Fundationis of Kingswood priory in Wiltshire records that King Stephen granted “illi de Kingswode Haseldene…terras Reginaldo de sancto Walerico” to "Johanne de sancto Johanne", in the early years of his reign[329]m ---.  The name of Jean’s wife is not known.  Jean & his wife had three children: 

a)         THOMAS de St John (-after 1166).  Domesday Descendants states that Thomas, Roger and William were the sons of Jean de Saint-Jean, adding that William was rector of Steeple Barton, Oxfordshire, but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[330]

b)         ROGER de St JohnDomesday Descendants states that Thomas, Roger and William were the sons of Jean de Saint-Jean, adding that William was rector of Steeple Barton, Oxfordshire, but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[331]

c)         WILLIAM de St JohnDomesday Descendants states that Thomas, Roger and William were the sons of Jean de Saint-Jean, adding that William was rector of Steeple Barton, Oxfordshire, but does not cite the primary sources on which this information is based[332]

4.         ROGER de Saint-Jean (-1130 or before).  A charter dated to [1121] records that "Thomas de Sancto Johanne" had constructed his castle at Saint-Jean with wood taken from land of the abbey of Saint-Michel and records his donation in settlement of their claim, signed by "Thoma, Johanne fratre eius et Rogerio…"[333].  A charter dated 1121 confirmed the possessions of Lewes Priory including the donation of "…ecclesiam de Cunctona…" by "Rogeri de Sco Johe"[334].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Rogerius de Sancto Johanne et Johannes frater eius" defended the castle of La Motte-Gautier against Foulques V Comte d’Anjou for Henry I King of England in 1118[335].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "filii Rogi de sco Johe…relevat tre patis sui" in Hampshire[336]m CECILIA de la Haye, daughter of ROBERT de la Haye & his wife Muriel --- (-[1162/77]).  Her parentage are confirmed by the charter dated May 1111 under which her maternal grandfather “Picotus filius Colwani Linc. cum uxore et quodam nepote…Ricardi et quadam nepte…Cecilia” donated revenue from "villa…Suttona et Luttona" to Spalding Monastery[337].  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex states that “Roberti di Haya…Ceciliam filiam suam” married “Rogero de sancto Johanne[338].  Roger & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Saint-Jean (-[Sep 1201/Sep 1202]).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names “Willielmum et Robertum de sancto Johanne” as the sons of “Rogero de sancto Johanne” and his wife[339].  Henry II King of England confirmed the donation of revenue from "manerio de Contona" [Compton] to Fontevraud by "Willelmus de Sancto Johanne et Robertus frater suus" by charter dated to [1169][340].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Willelmus de Sancto Johanne et Robertus frater eius et Oliva uxor Willelmi", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][341].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus de Sancto Johanne" in Sussex[342]m firstly ([1154/62]) as her second husband, OLIVE de Penthièvre, widow of HENRI Seigneur de Fougères, daughter of ETIENNE de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre, Lord of Richmond & his wife Havise de Guingamp.  Her two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated 1174 under which "Olive daughter of Count Stephen" donated the church of Bennington to the abbey of Sauvigny, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Sancto Johanne maritus meus and Ralf de Filgeriis and her other sons"[343].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Willelmus de Sancto Johanne et Robertus frater eius et Oliva uxor Willelmi", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][344]m secondly (before 1187) GODEHEUT, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1187 under which "William de Sancto Johanne and Robert his brother and Godeheldis wife of William" confirmed the donations to Boxgrave priory by "his grandfather Robert de Haia and his father Robert de Sancto Johanne"[345]

b)         ROBERT de Saint-Jean (-after [1169]).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names “Willielmum et Robertum de sancto Johanne” as the sons of “Rogero de sancto Johanne” and his wife[346].  “Robertus de sancto Johanne” donated land “in Walborgetune" to Boxgrove priory, with the consent of "domini Willielmi fratris mei”, for the soul of "…uxoris meæ…", by undated charter[347].  Henry II King of England confirmed the donation of revenue from "manerio de Contona" [Compton] to Fontevraud by "Willelmus de Sancto Johanne et Robertus frater suus" by charter dated to [1169][348].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Willelmus de Sancto Johanne et Robertus frater eius et Oliva uxor Willelmi", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][349]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  She is referred to in the charter quoted above. 

c)         MURIEL de Saint-Jean .  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex records that “Willielmum et Robertum se sancto Johanne…Murielem sororem suam” married “Reginaldo de Aurea-valle” by whom she had "filiam…Mabiliam" who married "Adæ de Port"[350]m RENAUD d’Orval, son of ---. 

5.         [ALIX de Saint-JeanDomesday Descendants names "Richard de Monte (Mont-Saint-Michel) and Alice, sister of John of St John" as the parents of Gilbert de Monte[351].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that “heres Gilberti de Monte…xv annorum” was "nepos Thome de Sancto Johanne et Johannis de Sancto Johanne et Hugonis de Plugenet et Willelmi Fossard"[352].  The information is not precise enough to ascertain the precise relationship, but presumably a sister of John and Thomas de Saint-Clair married one parent or one grandparent of Gilbert de Mont.  m RICHARD de Mont, son of ---.] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    BAYEUX

 

 

 

A.      COMTES de BAYEUX

 

 

The diocese of Bayeux comprised only the pagus Bajocassinus (le Bessin), in which the county of Bayeux later developed[353].  Raoul d’Ivry, uterine half-brother of Richard I Duke of Normandy, seems to have been recognised with the title count by his half-brother, which is generally applied to the castle of Bayeux which he constructed.  The title, however, did not survive his death and no further counts of Bayeux are recorded. 

 

 

1.         ESPERLENG de Pîtres, son of --- m SPROTA, daughter of --- .  From Brittany.  Sprota was previously the concubine or wife of Guillaume I Comte [de Normandie].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Richardus I filius Willelmi Longæspatæ...mater eius Sprota” and “Asperlengi” and that they had “filium Rodulphum...et filias plures[354].  Esperling & his wife had [four or more] children: 

a)         RAOUL d'Ivry ([942/50]-after 1011).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Richardus dux primus” consulted “Rodulfo comite suo equidem uterino fratre” about his succession before he died[355].  It is assumed that he was born after the death of Comte Guillaume I, but it is unlikely that he was born much later than 945 if it is correct that the birth of his older half-brother Richard can be dated to [1032] (see the document NORMANDY DUKES).  Comte [de Bayeux].  [m firstly ALBREDA, daughter of --- (-murdered ----).  Orderic Vitalis records that “Albereda uxor Radulfi Bajocensis comitis” built “arcem de Ibreio” [Ivry] which “Hugo Bajocensis episcopus frater Johannis Rotomagensis archiepiscopi” defended “contra duces Normannorum multo tempore”, adding that it was reported that “præfata matrona” beheaded “Lanfredum architectum” after the castle was finished so that he could not build a similar structure for anyone else, and tried to expel her husband who killed her[356].  It is not certain that “Albereda” in Orderic’s passage was the same person as “Eremburgam” in Guillaume de Jumièges.  It is curious that Orderic does not state in his text that Hugues Bishop of Bayeux and Jean Archbishop of Rouen were the children of “Albereda”: the omission would best be explained if they were born from another marriage of Raoul and “Eremburgam” their mother was a different person from “Albereda”.  If this speculation is correct, the chronology of the children of Raoul suggests that they were born later in his life, presumably from a second marriage if he did marry twice, in which case Albreda would have been his first wife.]  m [secondly] [as her first husband,] EREMBURGE [de Caville/Cacheville], daughter of ---.  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Rodulphum” married “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” and that they had “duos filios Hugonem postea episcopum Baiocensem et Ioannem Abricatensem...[357].  Comte Raoul & his [second] wife had four children: 

i)          HUGUES d'Ivry (-Oct 1049).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Rodulphum” married “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” and that they had “duos filios Hugonem postea episcopum Baiocensem et Ioannem Abricatensem...[358].  Seigneur d'Ivry.  Bishop of Bayeux 1015.  Hugues had [two] illegitimate children by an unknown mistress or mistresses: 

-         see below

ii)         EMMA d'Ivry .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that one of the daughters of “Rodulphum” and his wife “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” married “Osberno de Crepon de qua natus est Willelmus filius Osberni[359].  "Willelmus et frater eius Osbernus" donated "terram…Herchembaldus vicecomes et Turoldus, comitissæ Gunnoris camerarius" and revenue from land received by "Croco et Erchembaldus filii eiusdem Erchembaldi vicecomitis" to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité at Rouen, with the consent of "matre eorum Emma", for the soul of "patris sui Osberni cognomento Pacifici", by charter dated to [1035/60], signed by "…Godeboldi, Daneboldi, Ansfredi filii Osberni, Gisleberti filii Turgisii…"[360].  "Osberni frater eius [Willelmi]" witnessed a charter dated 1038 or after[361].  After her husband died, she became abbess of St Amand at Rouen[362]m OSBERN de Crepon, son of HERFAST & his wife --- (-murdered [1038/42]). 

iii)        daughter .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that another daughter of “Rodulphum” and his wife “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” married “Richardus de Bello-fago” by whom she had “Robertum qui ei successit et filias plures, quarum una iuncta est Hugoni de Monte-forti matrimonio[363]m RICHARD de Beaufour, son of ---.  Richard & his wife had [four or more] children: 

(a)       ROBERT de Beaufour .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that another daughter of “Rodulphum” and his wife “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” married “Richardus de Bello-fago” by whom she had “Robertum qui ei successit et filias plures, quarum una iuncta est Hugoni de Monte-forti matrimonio[364].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Robertus...de Bellofago” towards the end of his life became a monk at Bec, where “filii eius Richardus et Willelmus” also entered religion[365]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had two children: 

(1)       RICHARD de Beaufour .  “Robertus...de Bellofago” towards the end of his life became a monk at Bec, where “filii eius Richardus et Willelmus” also entered religion[366]

(2)       GUILLAUME de Beaufour .  “Robertus...de Bellofago” towards the end of his life became a monk at Bec, where “filii eius Richardus et Willelmus” also entered religion[367]

(b)       daughter .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that another daughter of “Rodulphum” and his wife “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” married “Richardus de Bello-fago” by whom she had “Robertum qui ei successit et filias plures, quarum una iuncta est Hugoni de Monte-forti matrimonio[368]m as his first wife, HUGUES [II] de Montfort, son of HUGUES [I] de Montfort-sur-Risle & his wife --- (-1088 or after). 

(c)       daughters .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that another daughter of “Rodulphum” and his wife “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” married “Richardus de Bello-fago” by whom she had “Robertum qui ei successit et filias plures, quarum una iuncta est Hugoni de Monte-forti matrimonio[369]

iv)       JEAN d'Ivry (-1079).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Rodulphum” married “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” and that they had “duos filios Hugonem postea episcopum Baiocensem et Ioannem Abricatensem...[370].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Albereda uxor Radulfi Bajocensis comitis” built “arcem de Ibreio” [Ivry] which “Hugo Bajocensis episcopus frater Johannis Rotomagensis archiepiscopi” defended “contra duces Normannorum multo tempore[371].  Considering the date of his death, Jean must have been considerably younger than his brother Hugues.  One possibility is that he was born from a second unrecorded marriage of his mother.  Bishop of Avranches 1061.  Orderic Vitalis records that “Lanfrancum Cadomensem abbatem” was appointed to succeed after the death of “Maurilius Rotomagensis archiepiscopus” but refused the task and pressed for the appointment of “Joannem Abrincatensium præsulem...filius Radulphi comitis Bajocensium...frater...uterinus Ricardi senioris ducis Normannorum” (who had held that post for seven years and three months, and was archbishop for ten years), even travelling to Rome to obtain Papal consent[372]Archbishop of Rouen 1069.  Guillaume of Jumièges records the death “V Id Aug” 1067 of “Maurilius...archiepiscopus Rotomagensis” and the appointment of “Ioannes Abrincatinæ urbis præsul...comitis Rodulphi filius” as his successor[373].  The Chronicon S. Stephani Cadomensis records that "Joannes filius Rodulfi comitis fratris Ricardi" succeeded as Archbishop of Rouen in 1069, having been bishop of Avranches for seven years and three months[374].  Orderic Vitalis records the death “XVI Kal Aug” 1077 of "Hugo Lexoviensis episcopus", the subsequent dispute about his place of burial with “Johanni archiepiscopo” who refused to accept the king’s decision at Rouen and, while returning from there by mule, was struck down by a violent seizure, after which he survived for two years without being able to speak[375].  The Chronicon S. Stephani Cadomensis records the death in 1079 of "Joannes Rothomag. Archiepiscopus"[376].  Orderic Vitalis records the death in 1079 of “Johannes archiepiscopus” after governing for eight years and his burial "in baptisterio basilicæ ad Aquilonem", and also records his epitaph[377]

b)         daughters .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Richardus I filius Willelmi Longæspatæ...mater eius Sprota” and “Asperlengi” and that they had “filium Rodulphum...et filias plures” who were later married in Normandy with noblemen[378]

 

 

HUGUES d'Ivry, son of RAOUL d’Ivry Comte [de Bayeux] & his wife Aubrée [de Caville/Cacheville] (-Oct 1049).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Rodulphum” married “Erembergam...natam in quadam villa Calcini territorii...Cavilla” and that they had “duos filios Hugonem postea episcopum Baiocensem et Ioannem Abricatensem...[379].  Seigneur d'Ivry.  Bishop of Bayeux 1015.  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Hugo Rodulfi comitis filius, Baiocasinæ urbis præsul” secretly stocked “Ibrilicum castrum” and sought help from France to defend it, but was unable to re-enter the castle besieged by Robert II Duke of Normandy and left in exile[380].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Albereda uxor Radulfi Bajocensis comitis” built “arcem de Ibreio” [Ivry] which “Hugo Bajocensis episcopus frater Johannis Rotomagensis archiepiscopi” defended “contra duces Normannorum multo tempore[381]

[m ---.  The name of Hugues’s possible wife or mistress is not known.]   

Hugues & his [wife/mistress] had [two] [illegitimate] children.  No direct proof has been found that Hugues Bishop of Bayeux was the father of Roger (Orderic Vitalis confirms that he was the father of Albreda, see below).  The other candidate is Hugues Bishop of Lisieux, son of Guillaume de Normandie Comte d’Eu and his wife Lesceline.  However, the chronology of the two families suggests that Hugues Bishop of Lisieux must have been born in [1010/20], while the birth of Hugues Bishop of Bayeux must be placed much earlier considering that his father’s birth can probably be estimated to [942/50] (see above).  The charter of Saint-Trinité de Rouen dated 1074 shows that the bishop’s grandson was old enough to have sold property before 1074, which could place his birth in [1040/50].  This birth date range is more consistent with the older of the two bishops being his grandfather, although it would not exclude descent from Hugues Bishop of Lisieux.  In addition, the family of Hugues Bishop of Bayeux has more connections with the pays de Caux, the location of all the properties referred to in the three charters of Sainte-Trinité de Rouen in which the bishop’s son is named.  The bishop of Bayeux’s mother is recorded as having constructed the castle of Ivry, and his sister Emma, wife of Osbern de Crepon dapifer, is named in several charters of Sainte-Trinité de Rouen in connection with property in the pays de Caux

1.         [ROGER (-after [1037/55]).  An undated charter records an agreement between Sainte-Trinité de Rouen and "Rodulfo Warethnæ" to buy land "in Blovilla…apud villam…Merdeplud…et terram prati Sottevillæ", with the consent of "dominum nostrum Willelmum Normannorum ducem…et Rotomagensis archiepiscopi Malgerii", by undated charter (dated to [1037/55]), signed by "…ejusdem Rodulfi de Guarethna., Beatricis uxori eius, Rogerii filii episcopi, Huberti filii Turoldi…"[382].  "Rogerius, Hugonis episcopi filius" sold serfs "sub suo dominio in Blovilla et Einardi mansionali et Novillula et in Scurra vel Merdepluet villa…et suæ domus propriæ in urbe Rotomagi" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "sua uxore Odain…et eorum filiis Willelmo et Hugone", by undated charter[383].]  m ODA, daughter of ---.  "Rogerius, Hugonis episcopi filius" sold serfs "sub suo dominio in Blovilla et Einardi mansionali et Novillula et in Scurra vel Merdepluet villa…et suæ domus propriæ in urbe Rotomagi" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "sua uxore Odain…et eorum filiis Willelmo et Hugone", by undated charter[384].  [same person as…?  ROGER [I] de Mortemer (-[1078/86]).  Stapleton proposed in 1846 that Roger [I] de Mortemer was the same person as Roger, son of "Bishop Hugues"[385].  The Complete Peerage dismisses Stapleton’s hypothesis[386].  It argues firstly that the wife of Roger [I] de Mortemer is named Hawise in primary sources, compared with Oda as the wife of the bishop’s son, and also that the bishop’s son is recorded with children named Guillaume and Hugues, whereas Roger [I]’s heir was named Ralph, although it would not be beyond the stretch of imagination to combine the two families, with Roger having married twice.  The third difficulty proposed by the Complete Peerage is harder to dismiss.  This is that the 1074 charter of Sainte-Trinité de Rouen which is quoted below implies that Roger, father of Guillaume, was already deceased at the time of the sale of their property to Raoul de Warenne, whereas sources demonstrate that Roger [I] de Mortemer was still alive in 1078.  A further difficulty with Stapleton’s hypothesis is that, if it was correct, the same person would have been referred to in the sources sometimes as "filius episcopi" and sometimes as "de Mortuomari".  Such dual appellations are unusual.  Different primary sources at the time usually refer to the same individual by the same name and epithet, presumably reflecting the style by which he was normally known among his contemporaries.  If a person was known by two names, the style "X qui et Y" was usually adopted in the sources.  One possible explanation for this apparent exception to normal practice is that, after the confiscation of his castle, "Rogerius de Mortuomari" became known as "Rogerius filius episcopi", although this does not appear consistent with the survival of the name Mortimer among Roger’s descendants long after the castle was lost.]  Roger & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-[after 1074]).  "Rogerius, Hugonis episcopi filius" sold serfs "sub suo dominio in Blovilla et Einardi mansionali et Novillula et in Scurra vel Merdepluet villa…et suæ domus propriæ in urbe Rotomagi" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "sua uxore Odain…et eorum filiis Willelmo et Hugone", by undated charter[387].  "Rodulfus de Warenna eiusque conjux…Emma cum filiis suis Rodulfo…atque Willelmo" sold land in "quattuor villarum Caletensis pagi, Maltevillæ…Flamenvillæ, Amundi Villæ et Anglicevillæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, as well as "totius Osulfi Villæ eiusdem Caletensis pagi" sold by "Guillelmo filio Rogerii filii Hugonis episcopi", by charter dated 1074[388]

b)         HUGUES .  "Rogerius, Hugonis episcopi filius" sold serfs "sub suo dominio in Blovilla et Einardi mansionali et Novillula et in Scurra vel Merdepluet villa…et suæ domus propriæ in urbe Rotomagi" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of "sua uxore Odain…et eorum filiis Willelmo et Hugone", by undated charter[389]same person as…?  HUGH de Mortemer (-after 1066).  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, records that William I King of England made "Hue de Mortemer…son parent par son pere" his "Connestable d’Angleterre" after the conquest of England[390].  This co-identity would be the consequence if Roger, son of Bishop Hugues, was the same person as Roger [I] de Mortemer, the possibility of which is discussed above.  If it was correct, the reference to "son parent par son père" would be explained because both King William and Hugh de Mortemer would have descended from Sprota, who was firstly mistress of Guillaume I Comte [de Normandie] (ancestor of King William) and, after his death, married Esperling de Pitres who was the paternal grandfather of Hugues d’Ivry Bishop of Evreux. 

2.         ALBREDA .  Chibnall speculates that the grandmother of Ascelin Goël may have been the daughter of Hugues Bishop of Bayeux, which could have provided her grandson with a claim to Ivry by inheritance[391], assuming that her supposed illegitimacy presented no obstacle.  This parentage and first marriage are shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[392] but it is not known whether based on a specific primary source or on Chibnall’s speculation.   Her parentage and [second] marriage are confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that “Radulfus tiro filius Alberti de Crevento” attacked “Guitmundum monachum...Manlia venientem in valle Guidonis” who returned on foot to Pacy and begged “Albertum” to protect him from “filium sibi”, on which “Alberada uxor eius” burst into tears, adding in a later passage that she was “Hugonis Bajocensis episcopi filia[393].  The date of her [second] marriage is estimated because her son died in [1070] when he was a young adult, assuming that the report of his activities by Orderic Vitalis is factually correct.  [m firstly ROBERT d'Ivry, son of --- (-[before 1050 or 1060]).]  m [secondly] ([1050] or [1060]) ALBERT de Cravent, son of --- (-[after 1070 or after 1080], bur Ouche Saint-Evroul).  Orderic Vitalis records that “Albertus” donated “medietatem decimæ de Ulmeio” to Ouche Saint-Evroul (in 1070, see below for a discussion about why this date may be incorrect) but that soon afterwards Albert died and was buried at Ouche, whereupon “heredes...Guido...gener eius, Ebrardi de Rui filius, et Radulfus de Cunella [whose family relationship with the deceased had not been traced], aliique” confirmed this donation[394].  Albreda & her [second] husband had two children: 

a)         RAOUL de Cravent (-[before 1070 or 1080]).  Orderic Vitalis records that “Radulfus tiro filius Alberti de Crevento” attacked “Guitmundum monachum...Manlia venientem in valle Guidonis”, who returned on foot to Pacy and begged “Albertum” to protect him from “filium sibi”, on which “Alberada uxor eius” burst into tears, adding in a later passage that Raoul repented before he died, after which Albert in 1070 donated “medietatem decimæ de Ulmeio” to Ouche Saint-Evroul[395].  There must be some doubt about the date of this event because Orderic Vitalis records Geoffroy Bishop of Chartres in the dating clause, although in another passage he records the appointment of Bishop Geoffroy in 1077[396].  Le Prévost suggests that the donation should be redated to 1080[397]

b)         daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that “Albertus” donated “medietatem decimæ de Ulmeio” to Ouche Saint-Evroul (in 1070, see below for a discussion about why this date may be incorrect) but that soon afterwards Albert died and was buried at Ouche, whereupon “heredes...Guido...gener eius, Ebrardi de Rui filius, et Radulfus de Cunella [whose family relationship with the deceased had not been traced], aliique” confirmed this donation[398]m GUY de Rui, son of EVRARD de Rui & his wife ---. 

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES du BESSIN (BAYEUX)

 

 

ANSCHITIL, son of ---.  Vicomte.  His name suggests a Viking origin.  "…Anschitillus Baiocacensis vicecomes…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy confirmed rights of Mont Saint-Michel[399]

m ---.  The name of Anschitil's wife is not known. 

Anschitil & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         RANULF (-killed in battle Val-es-Dunes 1047).  Guillaume II Duke of Normandy donated "nostras insulas Serc et Aurrene, propter medietatem Grenere" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel, supported by "Rannulfo filio Anschitilli", by charter dated to [1042][400]Vicomte du Bessin (Bayeux).  Guillaume de Poitou records that "Randulfum Baiocensium vicecomitem" supported "Guido filius Burgundionum comitis" in his rebellion, dated to [1047][401].  "…Rannulfi filii Ascelini" witnessed the charter dated to [1047 or before] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation by "Adelelmi…Beatricis uxor eius…Rotberti filius eius" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[402].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Ranulfum Bajocensem ac Haymonem Dentatum et Nigellum de Constantino" rebelled against Guillaume II Duke of Normandy at the battle "apud Vallesdunas"[403]m ALIX de Normandie, illegitimate daughter of RICHARD III Duke of Normandy & his mistress ---.  Robert of Torigny names "Nicolaum…duas filias Papiam…uxorem Walterii de Sancto Walerico et Aeliz uxorem Ranulfi vicecomitis de Baiocis" as the children of "Ricardo secundo duce Normannum filio primi Ricardi"[404].  Vicomte Ranulf & his wife had one child: 

a)         RANULF [Ralph] (-after [1098])Vicomte du Bessin (Bayeux).  "…Ranulfus vicecomes Baiocensis…" witnessed the charter dated 1064 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy settled a claim in favour of the monks of Marmoutier relating to property donated by "Guido de Valle"[405].  "…Rannulfus filius Rannulfi vicecomitis…Rannulfus vicecomes" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[406].  The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Rannulfus Mahald uxor eius Ricardus Rannulfus de Mesc filii eorum Lucia uxor Rann"[407]m MARGUERITE [Mathilde] d'Avranches, daughter of RICHARD Vicomte d'Avranches & his wife --- (-after [1098]).  She is named "Mathilda soror Hugonis comitis" by Orderic Vitalis, who also names her son[408].  Her husband is named in another passage, as father of his son Guillaume[409].  The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Rannulfus Mahald uxor eius Ricardus Rannulfus de Mesc filii eorum Lucia uxor Rann"[410].  Vicomte Ranulf & his wife had four children: 

i)          RICHARD (after [1098]).  The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Rannulfus Mahald uxor eius Ricardus Rannulfus de Mesc filii eorum Lucia uxor Rann"[411].  As Richard is named in this source together with his brother’s wife, his date of death is estimated based on his brother’s estimated marriage date.  “R de Meschin, Richerio vicecomiti Karleoli” donated property to Wetherall priory, Cumberland, for the soul of “…Richard fratris mei…et uxoris meæ Luciæ…”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Osberto vicecomite, Walteof filio Cospatricii comitis, Forno Sigulfi filio, Chetello Ectredi filio…[412]

ii)         RANULF du Bessin "le Meschin" (-17 or 27 Jan 1129, bur Chester, Abbey of St Werburgh).  Orderic Vitalis names him and his mother[413].  "…Rannulfus filius Rannulfi vicecomitis…Rannulfus vicecomes" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[414].  The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Rannulfus Mahald uxor eius Ricardus Rannulfus de Mesc filii eorum Lucia uxor Rann"[415].  He succeeded his father as Vicomte du Bessin (Bayeux).  He was appointed Vicomte d'Avranches in 1120 after the death of his first cousin Richard d'Avranches, and also obtained the grant of the county palatine of Chester thereby becoming Earl of Chester (upon which he surrendered the lordship of Carlisle). 

-         EARLS of CHESTER

iii)        WILLIAM FitzRanulf (-[1130/35]).  The Cronicon Cumbriæ records that William I King of England granted “totam terram de comitatu Cumbriæ” to “Ranulpho de Meschines, et Galfrido fratri eiusdem…et Willielmo fratri eorundem terram de Copland[416]

-         see below

iv)       GEOFFROY of Gillesland .  The Cronicon Cumbriæ records that William I King of England granted “totam terram de comitatu Cumbriæ” to “Ranulpho de Meschines, et Galfrido fratri eiusdem Ranulphi totum comitatum Cestriæ, et Willielmo fratri eorundem terram de Copland”, adding that Geoffroy died without heirs and was succeeded by his brother Ranulf[417]

2.         [HONFROI (-after [1060]).  "…Ingulfus dapifer, Rogerius filius Toraldi, Unfredus filius Ansquitilli, Rainaldus Foliot, Ricardus de Sturavilla, Gosfridus filius Rotberti Venatoris, Nigellus de Glanvilla, Rodulfus camerarius…Serlus filius Alveredi, Ricardus Britesonis filius" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier[418].  It is not certain that Honfroi was the brother of Ranulf son of Anschitil, but no other person with the latter name has yet been identified.] 

3.         [FREDESENDE .  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of la Trinité de Caen, including the donation by "Fredesend amite Ran[nulfi] vicecomitis" of "Osbertivillam", by charter dated to [1180/82][419].  If "amita" is interpreted strictly in this document, Frédésende would have been Ranulf’s paternal aunt, but this is not beyond doubt.] 

 

 

WILLIAM FitzRanulf, son of RANULF Vicomte du Bessin [Bayeux] & his wife Marguerite [Mathilde] d'Avranches (-[1130/35][420]).  The Cronicon Cumbriæ records that William I King of England granted “totam terram de comitatu Cumbriæ” to “Ranulpho de Meschines, et Galfrido fratri eiusdem…et Willielmo fratri eorundem terram de Copland[421].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Guillaume son of Ralph the vicomte" was present at the capture of Nikaia in 1097[422].  “Ranulfus Meschinus” donated property to Wetherhal priory, Cumberland by undated charter, witnessed by “uxore mea Lucia et Willelmo fratre meo…[423].  “Ranulphus comes Cestriæ” records donations to Chester St Werburgh in an undated charter which names “Hugonis comitis avunculi mei”, including a donation by “Willielmus Meschin frater meus” with the consent of “Ranulphi comitis et Ranulphi filii sui[424].  It is suggested that the mention of “Hugonis comitis avunculi mei” means that this document relates to the brother of Ranulf who was invested as Earl of Chester in 1120.  “Willielmus filius Randulfi” donated property to the priory of St Bee, Cumberland by undated charter[425].  He was given the barony of Egremont, Cumberland by King Henry I[426].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Chirkbibeceoch…et ecclesiam S. Begæ” by “Willielmus Meschin” and "villam de Ananderdale et…terræ in Egermond" by "Radulphus filius eius"[427].  Lord of Skipton-in-Craven, de iure uxoris.  “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee’s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by himself and “uxoris meæ Ceciliæ…concessione Ranulphi filii mei[428].  “Willielmus de Meschines et Cecilia uxor mea” founded Bolton Priory by undated charter[429].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Ricardus de Lucy" holding "Coupland" in Cumberland, adding that King Henry I had first granted it to "Willelmo Messchin antecessori predicti Ricardi"[430].  

m as her first husband, CECILY de Rumilly, daughter and heiress of ROBERT de Rumilly [Romilly] of Skipton & his wife ---.  “Willielmus de Meschines et Cecilia uxor mea” founded Bolton Priory by undated charter[431].  “Cecilia de Romeli” donated property to Bolton Priory by undated charter which names “gener meus Willielmus nepos regis Scotiæ Duncani[432].  “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee’s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by himself and “uxoris meæ Ceciliæ…concessione Ranulphi filii mei[433].  She married secondly[434], as his second wife, Henry de Tracy of Barnstaple. 

William & his wife had five children:  

1.         RANULF de Rumilly (-[1135/40]).  “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee’s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by himself and “uxoris meæ Ceciliæ…concessione Ranulphi filii mei[435].  "Ranulfus Meschinus filius Willelmi Meschin" confirmed the donation of land "in Wirchintuna" donated by "Chetellus filius Heltredi" to St Bees by undated charter[436].  “Ranulphus Meschinus, filius Willielmi, filii Ranulphi” confirmed donations of property to the priory of St Bee, Cumberland, on the advice of “Fulconis avunculi mei…”, by undated charter[437].  He succeeded his father, but on his death soon after was succeeded by his sisters as co-heiresses[438].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Chirkbibeceoch…et ecclesiam S. Begæ” by “Willielmus Meschin” and "villam de Ananderdale et…terræ in Egermond" by "Radulphus filius eius"[439]

2.         MATTHEW de Rumilly (-[after 1141/42]).  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] including a grant to "Matheus de Rumilli" of "terram patris sui quam Gaufridus de Turevill tenet"[440].  The primary source which confirms his parentage more precisely has not yet been identified. 

3.         ALICE de Rumilly .  A manuscript genealogy of William de Forz Comte d’Aumâle names “Aliciam de Rumeleya” as daughter of “Willielmus de Mechines primus hæres de Sciptun in Craven”, adding that she married “Willielmo filio Duncan” and was buried “apud Fontes[441].  A different version of her parentage is provided by the Cronicon Cumbriæ which records that “Willielmus”, son of “Doncani comes de Murrayse”, married “Aliciam filiam Roberti de Romeney, domini de Skipton in Craven” and his wife “filiam Willielmi de Meschinis domini de Coupland[442].  Lady of Skipton.  “Willielmus filius Dunecani nepos regis Scotiæ…et Aeliz de Rumeili uxor mea” confirmed donations of property to Bolton Priory by undated charter[443].  "Aelicia de Rumelli…in libera potestate viduitatis mee" confirmed the donations to St Bees made by "pater meus Willelmus Meschinus et frater meus Ranulfus" by undated charter[444].  "Aelicia de Rumelli" confirmed the donations to St Bees made by "dominus meus Willelmus nepos regis Scocie" by undated charter[445].  “Aaliz de Rumelli” donated property to Pontefract Priory, with the consent of “Willielmi filii mei”, for the soul of “domini mei Willielmi filii Dunecani”, by undated charter[446].  Dugdale summarises donations to Southwark priory, including the donation of “cheese at Badleking in the manor of Kingston Lisle in Berkshire” made by "Alexander Fitzgerald" and confirmed by "Alice de Rumeley, wife of Alexander"[447]m firstly (1138) [as his second wife,] WILLIAM FitzDuncan, son of DUNCAN II King of Scotland & his wife Ethelreda of Northumberland ([1091/94]-[1153/54]).  m secondly ALEXANDER FitzGerold, son of ROBERT FitzGerold & Alice his wife --- (-1178). 

4.         MATILDA de Rumilly (-after 1189[448]).  “Philippus de Belmeis” founded Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire by undated charter, witnessed by “Philippus filius Philippi de Belmis…domina Matilda filia Willielmi Meschin uxor prædicti Philippi de Belmis…[449].  The Complete Peerage explains the the documents which confirm her parentage and second marriage[450]: including (1) pleadings in a suit concerning land at Kimbolton, Hampshire, and in a suit dated Jan 1282 in the Chester County Court, which both name Roger de Mortimer as son and heir of "Maud la Meschine"[451]; (2) Roger Mortimer’s grant of rents in Bisley given to him by "his brothers Philip and Ranulph de Belmeis"[452]; (3) the charter of Philip de Belmeis, her first husband, quoted above.  m firstly PHILIP de Belmeis of Tong, Shropshire, son of [453]WALTER de Belmeis & his wife --- (-after May 1145).  m secondly ([1150]) HUGH [II] de Mortimer, son of RALPH [I] de Mortimer & his [second/third wife Mabel ---/---] (-Cleobury [26 Feb] [1180/81], bur Wigmore). 

5.         AVICE de Rumilly (-[1179][454]).  “Amicia filia Cecilie de Rumilli” confirmed donations to the canons of St Mary, for the soul of “Willelmi de Curci filii mei”, by charter dated to [1138/50], witnessed by “Willelmo de Curci filio meo…[455].  An undated manuscript relating to Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire records that “Avicia de Romely domina de Bescaudeby” married ”Willielmum Paynel”, and had “filium Willielmum de Curci et filiam Aliciam[456].  “Avicia de Romelli” notified her donation to the canons of Drax, for the soul of “Willelmi Paganelli mariti mei”, with the consent of “domini Roberti de Gant et Adelicie filie mee uxoris eiusdem Roberti”, by charter dated to [1147/52], witnessed by “Robertus de Gant et Adelicia Paganella uxor eius et Adelicia soror Roberti de Gant…[457].  The primary source which confirms her third marriage has not yet been identified.   Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Avicia mater Willelmi de Curcy" held two knights’ fees from "Roberti de Gant" in Yorkshire[458]m firstly ([1125]) WILLIAM de Courcy, son of WILLIAM de Courcy [Curcy] & his wife Emma de Falaise (-before 1130).  m secondly WILLIAM Paynell of Drax, son of RALPH Paynell & his [first wife ---] (-[1147]).  [459]m thirdly (before 1153) WALTER de Percy, son of ALAN de Percy & his wife Emma de Gand . 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS d’AUNAY-sur-ODON (SAY)

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Say The Complete Peerage refers to this Guillaume de Say but does not establish his relationship with the later Say family (Barony created by writ in 1313, see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY)[460].  Such a connection is likely given the unique name (according to The Complete Peerage, there is only one place of this name in Normandy about 2 miles south-east of Argentan[461]).  m AGNES de Grantmesnil, daughter of HUGUES de Grantmesnil & his wife --- (-14 Sep ----).  Orderic Vitalis names “Adelinam et Hadvisam, Rochesiam et Mathildem et Agnetem” as the daughters of “Hugo de Grentemaisnilio” and his wife “Adelidem filiam Ivonis comitis de Bellomonte”, adding that Agnes married “Guillelmo de Saia[462]The necrology of the monastery of Ouche records the death "14 Sep" of "Agnes filia Hugonis de Grentesmesnil"[463]

 

2.         JORDAN de Say (-after 15 Jul 1131)Domesday Descendants suggests that he was the son of Guillaume de Say[464], see above.  Seigneur d’Aunay-sur-Odon {Calvados}.  "…Jordano de Say…" witnessed the charter dated 1108 under which Henry I King of England confirmed the foundation of Holy Trinity, London[465].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Jordano de Sai" in Oxfordshire[466].  According to Gallia Christiana, the abbey of Aunay was founded 15 Jul 1131 by Jordan “de Saio prope Argentomum” and Lucy his wife[467].  "Iordanus de Sai" donated "ecclesiam de Sulethorn" to Eynsham abbey, for the soul of "filii Willelmi" on his burial at the monastery, by charter dated to [before 1161][468].  “Ricardus de Humet constabularius regis Angliæ” confirmed the foundation of Aulnay, including donations made by “Jordani de Saio et Luciæ uxoris eius” and by himself and “Agnetis uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Enguerrani et Jordani”, by undated charter[469].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Jordani de Saio et Lucie uxoris sue" confirmed by "Richardi de Humetis constabularii et Agnetis uxoris eius", by charter dated to [1181/89][470]m LUCY [de Rumilly], daughter of [ROBERT de Rumilly of Skipton] & his wife [Cecilia ---].  According to Gallia Christiana, the abbey of Aunay was founded 15 Jul 1131 by Jordan “de Saio prope Argentomum” and Lucy his wife[471]Domesday Descendants says that Robert de Rumilly was "doubtless father also of Lucy wife of Jordan de Sai", but does not explain the reasoning[472].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Jordani de Saio et Lucie uxoris sue", by charter dated to [1181/89][473].  Jordan & his wife had five children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Say (-bur Eynsham).  "Iordanus de Sai" donated "ecclesiam de Sulethorn" to Eynsham abbey, for the soul of "filii Willelmi" on his burial at the monastery, by charter dated to [before 1161][474]

b)         ENGUERRAND de Say .  "Willelmus de Albiniaco" donated “ecclesias de villa...Ham” to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated to [1132/51], witnessed by “...Olivarius frater Willelmi de Albiniaco et Radulfus de Haia et Engerannus de Sai...[475].  "…Engueranno de Sayo…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" granted privileges to the citizens of Rouen[476]

c)         GILBERT de SayDomesday Descendants names "Gilbert and Peter" as sons of Jordan de Say without citing the corresponding primary source[477]

d)         PIERRE de SayDomesday Descendants names "Gilbert and Peter" as sons of Jordan de Say without citing the corresponding primary source[478]

e)         AGNES de Say .  Her parentage and marriage are referred to in Domesday Descendants[479].  Richard du Hommet donated property to Aunay with the consent of "uxore mea Agnete et filiis meis Willelmo, Engerranno et Jordano" by undated charter[480].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Richardi de Humetis et Agnetis uxoris sue, filie et heredis predicti Jordani" with the agreement of "Guillelmi de Humetis et Engerranni et Jordani filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1181/89][481]m [as his second wife,] RICHARD [du Hommet], son of ROBERT & his wife --- (-[1180/81]). 

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de CORSEULLES (MEULAN)

 

 

Courseulles, now Courseulles-sur-Mer, is located on the coast of Normandy about 20 kilometres north of Caen in the present-day French département of Calvados, arrondissement Caen, canton Courseulles-sur-Mer.  Granted to Raoul [I] de Meulan by Philippe II King of France, it is located far from the other Meulan family properties (see the document NORMANDY NOBILITY-ALENÇON, EVREUX, MEULAN, PERCHE). 

 

The parentage of Raoul [I] de Melun Seigneur de Courseulles has been the source of much debate.  Europäische Stammtafeln suggests that the Courseulles family may have descended from Waléran de Meulan son of Robert Comte de Meulan, naming Raoul [I] as his possible son[482].  Power also shows Raoul (“fl. 1266 l[or]d of Courseulles-sur-Mer”) as son of Waléran[483].  This suggested parentage is presumably based on the following: a list of Querimoniæ Normannorum, dated 1247, includes a document recording:  

(1) that “Radulfus de Meullento miles de Corceulla, Baiocensis diocesis” was, five years after the conquest of Normandy by Philippe II King of France, granted revenue “quem habebat mater sua apud Brionium, Rothomagensis diocesis” and “terræ quas habebat dicta mater apud Oullebouf, Ebroicensis diocesis”, which had been granted to her as dower after the death of “Galeranni patris sui” who died “ante guerram per quam fuit conquesta Normannia”;

(2) that “Bellum Montem Rogeri” [Beaumont-le-Roger], held by “Petrus de Meullento avunculus suus” and claimed by “cujus propinquiorum heredem”, was acquired by King Philippe II who, himself spreading the story that no son of Waléran had survived (“qui sibi dedit intelligi quod non supererat aliquis filius supradicti Galeranni”), granted it to “Guidoni de Rupe...filius sororis supradicti Petri” [Guy de la Roche-Guyon, see above in Part B.]; and

(3) that “dicto Radulfo” had at the time been compensated by revenue “apud Corceullam, Baiocensis diocesis” which he had since received for 22 years, including during the reigns of King Philippe and King Louis VIII[484]

While the list in question is dated to 1247, it evidently includes documents which were produced earlier.  In this case, assuming that Raoul first received revenue from Courseulles between 1210 (the date the document specifies his receipt of revenue and land previously held by his mother) and 1223 (when Philippe II died), the document can be dated to [1232/45], probably in the later part of that range considering the Apr 1255 charters quoted below.  The document must have been produced in support of Raoul’s claim to Beaumont-le-Roger, a claim which was eventually rejected by King Louis IX, presumably because Raoul failed to prove his case, as shown by those two Apr 1255 charters.  It is unlikely that Raoul was author of the document.  The wording suggests that it was a summary of court papers prepared on his behalf although parts are so specific that they may have been copied from the original text (for example, the sentence dealing with the king’s concealment of Raoul’s birth). 

If taken at face value, the 1247 text confirms that Raoul [I] was Waléran’s son.  However, the document includes various anomalies which suggest that the matter is not that simple.  It is curiously worded, in particular the assertion that King Philippe II expressly concealed the existence of Raoul as Waléran’s son, which seems incompatible with the king granting Courseulles revenue to Raoul as “compensation”: such concealment must have been shown as false if the grant was called compensation (unless the king simply ignored the earlier concealment).  In addition, the statement concerning revenue and property previously held by Raoul’s mother is odd: writs dated 7 Feb and 12 Feb 1203 (O.S.) indicate that such land and revenue, granted as dower to Marguerite de Fougères, were regranted to Richard d’Harcourt after they were confiscated from her for returning to Brittany.  It should also be borne in mind that Robert Comte de Meulan, Raoul’s supposed paternal grandfather, divested property in favour of his daughter in 1204.  That divestment is difficult to understand if Raoul was the son of his deceased oldest son, especially considering Waléran’s 25 Dec 1189 marriage contract which anticipated Robert as guardian of any children if Waléran died.  Waléran did die, and presumably Raoul (if he was his son) would have been brought up by Comte Robert.  If that happened, his existence would have been well known and, in 1204, under 14 years old, he would still have been subject to his guardian’s control. 

 

The relevance of the fief of Ipplepen in Devon also deserves some discussion.  The 25 Dec 1189 marriage contract of Waléran de Meulan and Marguerite de Fougères records her Fougères dowry as “terram suam de Beniterone” [Benington/Bennington, Lincolnshire] and, before that land was freed (it was held by her uncle Guillaume, see below), “Quinteronium” [which Stapleton suggested was Ipplepen, Devon[485], transcribed as “Ipplepane” by Delisle & Passy in their transcription of the same charter[486]] which would revert to the Fougères family after she received Bennington[487].  Stapleton records that Guillaume de Fougères, Marguerite’s uncle, had inherited the manor of Long Bennington, Lincolnshire from his mother[488].  Guillaume de Fougères, administrator of Fougères during the minority of his nephew Geoffroy, acquired the family’s English properties in 1204: "Dominum Willelmum de Filgeriis" and "Gaufridum de Filg. nepotem suum" settled their dispute “super feodo Rad. de Filgeriis et Olivæ matris suæ”, under which Geoffroy ceded “...terras et totum feodum de Anglia excepto maritagio dominæ Margaritæ” to his great-uncle for life, by charter dated 25 Jul 1204[489].  The effect of this new arrangement on Bennington and Ipplepen is not known: the question is presumably also complicated by King John confiscating English fiefs from French and Breton nobles who supported the French king during the war in Normandy during the early 13th century.  Whatever happened to Bennington, the Red Book of the Exchequer includes a 1211/12 list of fiefs in Devon, among which "comes Cestriæ [Ranulf de Blundeville Earl of Chester], Ipelepen, escaeta Radulfi de Feugeres"[490].  This suggests that Bennington had at some time been freed for Marguerite, and that Ipplepen had reverted to the Fougères family under the 1189 marriage contract.  The identity of “Radulfi de Feugeres” is uncertain.  Maybe he was an otherwise unrecorded son of Guillaume, as Raoul [III] Seigneur de Fougères succeeded his father Geoffroy in 1212 as a minor and is unlikely to have been the named fiefholder of Ipplepen before that date (see the document BRITTANY NOBILITY-NANTES, PORHOËT, RENNES).  In any case, before 1212, Ipplepen was held by Clémence, paternal aunt of Raoul [III] and wife of the earl of Chester: King John confirmed “manerio de Iplepenn”, which he held “ex parte Clemencie ux sue que fuit filia Willi de Feugieres”, to “R. com. Cestr”, dated 6 Jun 1213[491]

Raoul [I] de Meulan only makes an appearance in connection with Ipplepen from 1221:

(1) King Henry III confirmed “manerio de Ippelepenn que fuit Rad de Meulent” to “R. com Cestr et Linc”, to whom King John had granted it as escheated “terris Normanorum”, dated [18?] Nov 1221[492];

(2) King Henry III granted “the manor of Ippelepen, late of Ralph de Meudlent” to “Nicholas de Lettres”, dated 14 Aug 1231[493];

(3) the Testa de Nevill records an enquiry dated 15 Dec 1237 which found that “Amaricus de Sancto Amando” then held “Ippelpene” in Devon from King Henry III, which “Radulfus de Muilland, Normannus” had held[494]; and

(4) the Testa de Nevill also records an enquiry dated 1251/52 which found that “dominus Radulfus de Meulent” held “manerium de Ippolepenn” in Devon from King Henry III “post coronacium domini regis” [crowned Bristol/Gloucester Cathedral 28 Oct 1216[495], and again Westminster Abbey 17 May 1220], that he “non venit ad exercitum domini regis quando dominus rex fuit in Britannia”, and that King Henry had granted the manor to “Nicholao de Lettres” who held it for his whole life (the enquiry also records details of later grants of the manor)[496]

These four documents appear to contradict the earlier documents regarding the prior fiefholder: “Radulfi de Feugeres” had transformed into “Rad./Ralph de Meulent/Meudlent”.  In addition, the [18?] Nov 1221 document suggests that the earl of Chester held Ipplepen continuously since acquiring it from his wife.  Maybe the earl’s possession was interrupted in [1216/17] by a grant to Raoul [I] de Meulan, assuming that Raoul had joined the English camp (defections between France and England were common during the first quarter of the 13th century and difficult to trace).  While Clémence’s English marriage shows that Feugères family loyalties were split between the Breton/French/English camps during the early 13th century, no reference has been found to an English invasion of Brittany after King John “alla ravager la Mée et le pays de Rennes”, after unsuccessfully attacking Nantes in Sep 1206[497]

 

A positive indication that Raoul [I] was Waléran’s son is provided by the 3 Jul 1282 charter, quoted below under Raoul [III], which indicates his interest in land at Fougères, maybe inherited from Marguerite de Fougères, wife of Waléran.  Another is that, if Marguerite de Fougères was his mother, Raoul [I] could have been named after his maternal grandfather. 

 

In conclusion, while factors point either way, there is sufficient doubt to suggest that Raoul’s parentage should be shown in square brackets.  The explanation of the various documentary anomalies must await the emergence of further primary sources.  Until then, speculation about the precise nature of the potential problem seems fruitless. 

 

La Roque provides another perspective on Raoul [I]’s origin, indicating that he was the son of Pierre de Meulan younger son of Robert de Beaumont Comte de Meulan, by his wife “Eustache du Molley-Bacon, fille de Guillaume Bacon seigneur du Molley[498].  More recently, Canel also suggested that Pierre married, despite his ecclesiastical career, and identified Raoul [I] as his son[499], although his suggestions do not appear based on any specific information other than La Roque.  As noted in the document NORMANDY NOBILITY-ALENÇON, EVREUX, MEULAN, PERCHE, Pierre de Meulan did have an unnamed son with whom he was recorded in England in 1205.  That son could have been Raoul [I], assuming that he returned to France and rejoined the French king (bearing in mind the constant switching of allegiances between the English and French camps during the war in Normandy).  The 1247 document quoted above refers to “Petrus de Meullento avunculus suus...cujus propinquiorum heredem” claiming Beaumont-le-Roger, implying that the heir in question was then deceased, but as noted above it is uncertain how far that document can be trusted.  Moisy, recording the Apr 1255 charters quoted below, states that Philippe II King of France granted land “sur les domaines de Courseulles, Bernières, Bény et Lion” to Raoul [I] de Meulan in compensation for the loss of Meulan family lands and (assuming that Pierre was his father) because “Pierre de Meulan...lui avait remis volontairement...les clefs du château-fort de Beaumont-le-Roger” (undated, no document cited)[500].  Moisy also says that the grant was ratified in 1225 by King Louis VIII, but said that he could not find the document in question. 

 

The reconstruction of the early generations of the Courseulles/Melun family shown by La Roque and Père Anselme are chronologically impossible as generations must be missing[501].  The following suggested reconstruction includes estimated birth dates which reflect the likely number of generations.  Younger sons, added by La Roque and Anselme without convincing source material, have been omitted. 

 

 

RAOUL [I] de Meulan, son of [WALERAN de Meulan & his wife Marguerite de Fougères] ([1190/95?]-after Apr 1255, maybe after 1266)Europäische Stammtafeln suggests that the Meulan/Courseulles family descended from Waléran, naming Raoul [I] de Meulan Seigneur de Courseulles as his possible son[502].  Raoul’s parentage is supposedly confirmed by a document listed in Querimoniæ Normannorum dated 1247, quoted in full above in the introduction to the present section where the doubts relating to that document are discussed.  The documents which suggest that Raoul [I] de Meulan held Ipplepen, Devon some time before 1221 are also quoted above.  Judgments given in the Echiquier de Normandie, in 1233, include the decision granting “placitis in honore Corcellie…de feodis…ab episcopo Baiocensi” to “dominus Radulfus de Mellent[503].  Louis IX King of France, recording that “Radulphus de Meullento” had requested the return of “quod in terra Bellimontis Rogerii et Brioniæ ratione antecessorum suorum se dicebat habere”, instead confirmed to him “in Normanniæ...totam terram de Corcelleia et de Bruiriis” which “habebat ex assignatione per...Philippum regem Franciæ”, by charter dated Aug 1255[504].  “Radulphus de Mellento miles” recorded his request to King Louis IX for “jus quod in terra Belli Montis Rogeri et Brionie, ratione antecessorum meorum”, and also that the king confirmed to him “in Normannia...totam terram de Corceilleia et de Berneriis” which he had been granted by Philippe II King of France, by charter dated Aug 1255[505].  Power shows Raoul (“fl. 1266 l[or]d of Courseulles-sur-Mer”) as son of Waléran[506].  The source corresponding to the date 1266 has not been identified.  ["Pierre de Lu" ceded revenue from "la paroisse de Beny" to “seigneur Raoul de Meulant” by charter dated 1268[507].  This document could presumably refer either to Raoul [I] or Raoul [II], although the former would have been old at that time if still alive.] 

m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Raoul’s wife has not been identified.  La Roque says that “Raoul de Meullent I. du nom...fils de Pierre de Meullent” married firstly “Blanche de Ferrieres sœur de Vauquelin et fille de Jean Baron de Ferrieres et d’Alix de Harcourt dame de Bourthouroude fille de Jean I Baron de Harcourt et d’Alix de Beaumont” (no source cited)[508].  The suggestion must be inaccurate considering the birth of Jean [I] d’Harcourt in [1220] and his marriage “before 1240”.  La Roque names Jeanne Paynell as Raoul [I]’s second wife[509], a suggestion which appears incompatible with the chronology of the Paynell family (she is noted below as the wife of Raoul [IV]).  Raoul [I] & his wife had [two children]: 

1.         [RAOUL [II] de Meulan ([1215/20?]-after 1268).  La Roque and Père Anselme both show Raoul [II], Raoul [III] and Raoul [IV] as the same person, and identify him as the son of Raoul [I][510], the chronology of which is extremely dubious.  It is more likely that Raoul [II] was the son of Raoul [I], and that Raoul [III] the son of Raoul [II].  ["Pierre de Lu" ceded revenue from "la paroisse de Beny" to “seigneur Raoul de Meulant” by charter dated 1268[511].  This document could presumably refer either to Raoul [I] or Raoul [II], although the former would have been old at that time if still alive.  m ---.  The name of Raoul’s wife is not known.  Raoul [II] & his wife had [one child]:] 

a)         [RAOUL [III] de Meulan ([1240/50?]-after 1 Apr 1304, bur Ardenne).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  As noted above, La Roque and Père Anselme both show Raoul [II], Raoul [III] and Raoul [IV] as the same person, and identify him as the son of Raoul [I][512], the chronology of which is extremely dubious.  It is more likely that Raoul [II] was the son of Raoul [I], and that Raoul [III] was the son of Raoul [II].  Another possibility is that Raoul [III] was the son of Amaury de Courseulles who is named below.  “Raoul de Meulant...chevalier seigneur de Coursense” sold revenue “sur sa terre de Fougères” to “Hugues le Brun Seigneur de Fougères” by charter dated 3 Jul 1282[513].] 

-        see below

2.         [AMAURY de Courseulles (-after 6 Jul 1238).  Bailly of Auvergne: letters dated 6 Jul 1238 from “Amarici de Corcellis ballivi Arverniæ” to King Louis IX related to homage for “domo de Pratloba et terris de Lenti et de Chalona[514].  The chronology suggests that Amaury could have been the son of Raoul [I].  same person as...?  AMAURY de Meulan (-after 26 Jan 1252).  A document dated 26 Jan 1252 records an enquiry made by “messire Amaury de Meulan” into the rights of the king and “Amauri de la Queue chevalier, à Gournai [sur-Marne] et à la Queue [en-Brie]”, a note on the reverse of the document recording that “Amauri de la Queue eut gain de cause[515].  The identity of “messire Amaury de Meulan” has not been ascertained.  His appointment to lead the enquiry suggests that he was a person of some standing.  The chronology appears unfavorable for that Amaury to have been a son of Guillaume [II] de Meulan (see NORMANDY NOBILITY-ALENÇON, EVREUX, MEULAN, PERCHE).  Maybe he was the same person as Amaury de Courseulles named in 1238.] 

 

 

RAOUL [III] de Meulan, son of [RAOUL [II] de Meulan Seigneur de Courseulles & his wife ---] ([1240/50?]-after 1 Apr 1304, bur Ardenne).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  As noted above, La Roque and Père Anselme both show Raoul [II], Raoul [III] and Raoul [IV] as the same person, and identify him as the son of Raoul [I][516], the chronology of which is extremely dubious.  It is more likely that Raoul [II] was the son of Raoul [I], and that Raoul [III] was the son of Raoul [II].  Another possibility is that Raoul [III] was the son of Amaury de Courseulles who is named below.  “Raoul de Meulant...chevalier seigneur de Coursense” sold revenue “sur sa terre de Fougères” to “Hugues le Brun Seigneur de Fougères” by charter dated 3 Jul 1282[517]The Parlement de Paris, at the demand of “Raoul seigneur de Croeslio”, revoked a royal letter granting a weekly market at “Bruieres-supra-Mare” to “Raoul de Meulan”, dated 1300[518]La Roque names “monsieur Raoul de Meullent” among the lords in Normandy summoned for military service 1 Apr 1304[519].  His place of burial is confirmed by the first document quoted below under his son Guy.] 

m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Raoul’s wife has not been identified.  Assuming there is some truth to La Roque’s assertion, noted above under Raoul [I], that “Raoul de Meulan” married “Blanche de Ferrieres”, the chronology suggests that her husband could have been Raoul [III]. 

Raoul [III] & his wife had one child: 

1.         GUY de Meulan ([1270/75?]-[1327/28]).  His parentage is confirmed by the following document: a charter in the cartulary of Notre-Dame d’Ardenne records the foundation of Lion Saint-Thomas by “domini Guydonis de Meullent, cuius pater Radulphus in capitulo Ardenensi sepultus est[520].  Some further references to this foundation are found in secondary sources: l’abbé de la Rue noted that “Guy de Meullent Seigr de Courseule et de Lion” founded “le prieuré de Saint-Thomas” for Ardenne abbey, and donated property, in 1327 and that “Raoul de Meulent son fils” confirmed the donation in 1328[521]Seigneur de Courseulles et de Lion.  "Raoul de Meulent" confirmed the donation of revenue to Ardenne made by "Guy de Meulent écuyer", who had founded a chapel “à Lyon”, by charter dated 1328[522].  It is assumed that Guy was deceased when his son confirmed this donation.  m ---.  The name of Guy’s wife is not known.  Guy & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         RAOUL [IV] de Meulan ([1300/05]-[after 1375?]).  His birth date is estimated on the assumption that he was a young man when he confirmed his father’s donation in 1328.  La Roque records “Monseigneur Raoul de Meullent” in a roll dated 1326 relating to military service[523].  L’abbé de la Rue notes that “Guy de Meullent Seigr de Courseule et de Lion” founded “le prieuré de Saint-Thomas” for Ardenne abbey, and donated property, in 1327 and that “Raoul de Meulent son fils” confirmed the donation in 1328[524].  "Raoul de Meulent" confirmed the donation of revenue to Ardenne made by "Guy de Meulent écuyer", who had founded a chapel “à Lyon”, by charter dated 1328[525]Seigneur de Courseulles et de Lion.  La Roque records “deux Arrests de l’Eschiquier” dated 1341 and 1344 which name “Raoul de Meullent...monseigneur et chevalier[526].  Moisy says that “Raoul de Meullent, second du nom” fought “sous les ordres de Du Guesclin” in 1364 (no source cited)[527].  If this report is inaccurate, the chronology indicates that it refers to Raoul [IV].  As noted below, registers of accounts dated 1375 name “Raoul de Meullent...monseigneur, chevalier et sire de Courseulles (son père encore vivant)...[528].  It is unclear whether La Roque added the phrase “son père encore vivant” himself.  No other document has been found which gives any indication of the date of death of Raoul [IV].  m ([1340?]?) JEANNE Paynell, daughter of FOULQUES [IV] Paynell Seigneur de Hambye & his wife Agnes de Cantelou.  La Roque says that “la généalogie de la maison de Villers sur Port” records that “Raoul de Meullent” (indicating Raoul [I]) married “Jeanne Painel de Hambie”, noting that “Fouques Painel Baron de Hambie” married “Agnes de Cantelou fille de Robert de Cantelou”, by whom he had “sept enfants masles...Guillaume, Fouques, Robert, Jean, Raoul, Guillaume et Colin et cinq filles, l’aisnée desquelles fut mariée à monsieur Raoul de Meullent seigneur de Courseulles, une autre à Jean de Villiers Baron du Hommet, la troisième fut abbesse de Maubuisson, la quatrième prieure en l’abbaye Saincte-Trinité de Caen, et la dernière religieuse en ladite abbaye sans autre charge[529].  No primary sources have been identified which confirm this information, although the chronology of the Paynell family (for example, the marriage contract of Jeanne’s supposed oldest brother Guillaume is dated 1338) suggests that Jeanne’s husband was a later “Raoul [IV] de Meulan”.  The connection between the Meulan/Courseulles and Paynell/Hambye families is corroborated by the “Noble lignée de Hambie Painel” manuscript published by La Roque (dated by him to 1493 but whose initial composition is dated to [1397] by Polonovski[530]) which records the relationship with “Monsieur Raoul de Meulenc seigneur de Courceulle [presumably Jeanne’s son Raoul [V], first cousin of Guillaume Paynell who died 1401/02] à cause des Paineaux du deuxième degré de tous costés[531].  Raoul [IV] & his wife had [two children]: 

i)          [RAOUL [V] de Meulan ([1340?]-after 25 Apr 1398, bur Ardayne).  His birth date is suggested based on the suggested date of his first marriage.  Seigneur de Courseulles, de Bernière-sur-Mer et de Lion.  Accounts dated 25 Mar 1371 (O.S.?) name “monsieur Raoul de Meullent chevalier...Sire...de Corseulle, de Berniere sur la Mer et de Lyon[532].] 

-         see below

ii)         [JEAN de Meulan ([before 1345?]-after 1375).  La Roque and Père Anselme both equate this person to Jean, fourth son of Raoul [V] de Meulan[533].  The family chronology suggests that this is impossible.  Jean is more likely to have been the brother of Raoul [V].  Seigneur du Quesnay: registers dated 1370 and 28 Jun 1371 name “Jean de Meullent escuyer Seigneur de Quesnay près de Bourgtouroude[534].  Registers of accounts dated 1375 name “Raoul de Meullent...monseigneur, chevalier et sire de Courseulles (son père encore vivant) [is that a comment added by La Roque?]...avec Jean de Meullent seigneur de Quesnay son fils [did La Roque also add this family relationship?], Amaury de Meullent sire de Neubourg, Jean Comte de Harcourt et Robert de Harcourt sire de Beaumesnil ses cousins...” at the “siège de Coignac et à l’entreprise de Sainct Sauveur le Vicomte[535].] 

b)         [GUY de Meulan (-after Apr 1344).  Guydo de Meulent miles” is named in “Placita scacarii Rhotomagensis, incepti in quindena Paschæ, anno 1344”, relating to lawsuits at Caen[536].  The chronology suggests that Guy was the son of Guy de Meulan Seigneur de Courseulles.] 

 

 

The chronology suggests that Raoul [V] was the son of Raoul [IV], but no primary source has been found which confirms this suggestion.  Both La Roque and Père Anselme split Raoul [V] into two different persons, one married to the first wife shown below, the other to the second.  The sources quoted below point to this being incorrect. 

 

RAOUL [V] de Meulan, son of [RAOUL [IV] de Meulan Seigneur de Corseulles & his wife Jeanne Paynell] ([1340?]-after 25 Apr 1398, bur Ardayne).  His birth date is suggested based on the suggested date of his first marriage.  Seigneur de Courseulles, de Bernière-sur-Mer et de Lion.  Accounts dated 25 Mar 1371 (O.S.?) name “monsieur Raoul de Meullent chevalier...Sire...de Corseulle, de Berniere sur la Mer et de Lyon[537].  The exchequer for Normandy names “monsieur Raoul de Meullent chevalier Sire de Corseulles, dame Agnes de Thibouuille femme du Sire de Courseulle” in 1374[538].  Registers of accounts dated 1375 name “Raoul de Meullent...monseigneur, chevalier et sire de Courseulles (son père encore vivant) [is that a comment added by La Roque?]...avec Jean de Meullent seigneur de Quesnay son fils [did La Roque also add this family relationship?], Amaury de Meullent sire de Neubourg, Jean Comte de Harcourt et Robert de Harcourt sire de Beaumesnil ses cousins...” at the “siège de Coignac et à l’entreprise de Sainct Sauveur le Vicomte[539].  La Roque records registers dated 21 Apr 1378 which name “Raoul de Meullent...monseigneur, chevalier et seigneur de Courseulles” in a lawsuit against members of the Champaigne family[540].  “Raoul de Meulent chevalier Seigneur de Corseulles, homme lige à cause de Tiephaigne de Husson sa femme” swore allegiance to Marie d’Anjou Queen of Sicily for “la terre de Blazon”, dated 25 Apr 1398[541].  His place of burial is confirmed by the document quoted below under his son Guy. 

m firstly ([before 1365?]) AGNES de Tibouville Dame de la Vallée, de Saint-Cénéri et de Fontaine-la-Soret, daughter of ROBERT de Tibouville Seigneur de Fontaine-la-Soret & his wife --- (-[1374/1383]).  The exchequer for Normandy names “monsieur Raoul de Meullent chevalier Sire de Corseulles, dame Agnes de Thibouuille femme du Sire de Courseulle” in 1374[542].  La Roque records her father’s name (no source cited)[543].  The mention of the couple’s oldest son Louis in 1387 suggests that his parents married before 1365, how long before is not known. 

m secondly (1383) as her second husband, TIPHAINE de Husson Dame de Ducey, widow of GUY de Laval dit Brumor Seigneur de Chalouyau, de Blason et de Chemillé, daughter of FRASLIN de Husson Seigneur de Ducey, de Champeservon et de Cherancé & his wife Clémence du Guesclin (-1391).  Duchesne records that “Guy de Laval dit Brumor Seigneur de Chalooyau, de Blason et de Chemilier” married secondly “Tiphaine de Husson autrement dite Estiennette, dame de Duscé, fille de Fralin de Husson chevalier seigneur de Duscé, de Champ-Seruon et de Charancé en Normandie et de Clémence du Guesclin seur de Bertrand du Guesclin connestable de France“, who in 1383 married secondly “Raoul de Meullent chevalier seigneur de Courceulle[544].  A register of homages to Marie d’Anjou Queen of Sicily records that “le rachapt de la terre et chastellenie de Blason” reverted to the Duc d’Anjou in 1391 “par le deceds de...Tiphaine de Husson...[545]

Raoul [V] & his first wife had six children: 

1.         LOUIS de Meulan ([before 1365?]-after 17 Mar 1390).  His parentage is confirmed by a document dated 19 May 1485 which records that “feu messire Raoul de Meullent...ayeul de messire Thomas et Jehanne sa sœur” had “quatre fils...Louis, Guy, Maistre Thomas prestre et messire Jean puisné chevalier, pere desdits...Thomas et Jehanne[546].  Seigneur de Saint-Célerin: La Roque quotes accounts dated 1387 and 1388 which name “miessire Louis de Meullent chevalier” and 17 Mar 1389 (O.S.) Louis de Meullent chevalier seigneur de Sainct Celerin-Legere en la comté d’Alençon[547]It appears that Louis predeceased his father who was succeeded by his son Thomas, see below.  

2.         GUY de Meulan .  His parentage is confirmed by a document dated 19 May 1485 which records that “feu messire Raoul de Meullent...ayeul de messire Thomas et Jehanne sa sœur” had “quatre fils...Louis, Guy, Maistre Thomas prestre et messire Jean puisné chevalier, pere desdits...Thomas et Jehanne[548].  An undated charter of Notre-Dame d’Ardayne records the foundation of Lyon-sur-la-Mer Saint Thomas by “domini Guidonis de Meullent, cuius pater Radulphi” was buried at Ardayne[549].  It appears that Guy predeceased his father who was succeeded by his son Thomas, see below.  

3.         THOMAS de Meulan (-after Jul 1424).  Seigneur de Courseulles et de la Vallée: a charter dated 1 Nov 1474 recalls payments owed in Jul 1424 by “messire Thomas de Meulan prêtre sieur de la Vallée et de Courseulles” to “Thomas de Carrouges chevalier” relating to revenue from “la fief de la Vallée”, noting that, after he died childless [no date specified], his paternal properties passed to “Thomas de Meulan chevalier son neveu” and his maternal inheritance was divided between “Jeanne de Meulan, en son vivant épouse d’Alain de Beaumont chevalier et Nicole de Meulan en son vivant épouse de Pierre d’Anisy chevalier, toutes deux sœurs dudit feu Thomas de Meulan[550].  His parentage is confirmed by a document dated 19 May 1485 which records that “feu messire Raoul de Meullent...ayeul de messire Thomas et Jehanne sa sœur” had “quatre fils...Louis, Guy, Maistre Thomas prestre et messire Jean puisné chevalier, pere desdits...Thomas et Jehanne”, and the older Thomas had survived his father[551]

4.         JEAN de Meulan .  His parentage is confirmed by a document dated 19 May 1485 which records that “feu messire Raoul de Meullent...ayeul de messire Thomas et Jehanne sa sœur” had “quatre fils...Louis, Guy, Maistre Thomas prestre et messire Jean puisné chevalier, pere desdits...Thomas et Jehanne” and that Jean predeceased his brother Thomas[552].  The 1 Nov 1474 charter cited above under his brother Thomas indicates that Jean died before Thomas (date not known), whose successor was Jean’s son.  m MARGUERITE le Servain Dame de Saint-Pois, de Martigny, des Abbayes et de Sermentot, daughter of ROBERT le Servain Baron de Saint-Pois [previously named Saint-Paër/Saint-Pair/Saint-Pair-le-Servain] & his wife Beatrix de la Chesse (-after 13 Oct 1435).  La Roque records that Jean de Meulan married “Marguerite le Servain Dame et héritière de la baronnie de Sainct Paer le Servain, fille de messire Robert le Servain chevalier seigneur et baron de Sainct Paer et de damoiselle Beatrix de la Chesse[553]This information is partially confirmed by the 19 May 1485 document quoted below.  La Roque states that “l’Eschiquier de Normandie” records Marguerite transferring “le fief de Sermentot” to “Guillaume Axe” by charter dated 5 Jul 1435 and that, having retaken the fief, she transferred it to her son Thomas in exchange for the Lion fief by charter dated 13 Oct 1435[554].  Jean & his wife had two children: 

a)         THOMAS de Meulan (-before 23 Jan 1448).  His parentage is confirmed by the 19 May 1485 document quoted below.  Seigneur de Courseulles.  Contracts dated 26 Jan 1423 and 6 Oct 1438 name him as Seigneur de Courseulles[555].  A register dated 26 Apr 1463 names “feu messire Thomas de Meullent[556].  A charter dated 1 Nov 1474 recalls payments owed in Jul 1424 by “messire Thomas de Meulan prêtre sieur de la Vallée et de Courseulles” to “Thomas de Carrouges chevalier” relating to revenue from “la fief de la Vallée”, noting that, after he died childless [no date specified], his paternal properties passed to “Thomas de Meulan chevalier son neveu” and his maternal inheritance was divided between “Jeanne de Meulan, en son vivant épouse d’Alain de Beaumont chevalier et Nicole de Meulan en son vivant épouse de Pierre d’Anisy chevalier, toutes deux sœurs dudit feu Thomas de Meulan[557]m firstly BEATRIX d’Ivoy Dame d’Ivoy, daughter of JEAN Seigneur d’Ivoy & his wife ---.  La Roque records that Thomas married firstly “Beatrix d’Ivoy dame d’Ivoy fille de Jean seigneur d’Ivoy chevalier” (no source cited)[558]m secondly ([1435?]) [JEANNE d’Avaugour Dame du Parc-d’Avaugour, daughter of GUILLAUME d’Avaugour & his wife ---].  The primary source which confirms the name of Thomas’s second wife has not been identified.  La Roque names her “Jeanne d’Avaugour Dame du Parc-d’Avaugour fille de Guillaume d’Avaugour escuyer...[et frere de Louis d’Avaugour...et de meme famille que Henry Baron d’Avaugour et Comte de Gouello]...[qui] avoir espousé Jeanne de Harcourt niece de Guillaume de Harcourt Baron de la Saussaye et d’Elbeuf, mary de Blanche d’Avaugour sœur dudit Henry” (no source cited)[559].  If La Roque is correct, presumably Jeanne could have been a descendant of Guillaume d’Avaugour, younger brother of Henri [IV] d’Avaugour, husband of Jeanne d’Harcourt.  If that is correct, the chronology suggests that Jeanne would have been his great-great-granddaughter.  Thomas & his first wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNE de Meulan (-after 19 May 1485).  La Roque names “Jeanne de Meullent Dame de la Baronnie de S. Paer et d’Auray” as Thomas’s daughter by his first wife (no source cited)[560].  The document dated 19 May 1485 quoted below names “Jean Dauvray escuyer Baron de Sainct Pair le Servain...procureur de damoiselle Jehanne de Meullent sa femme” and “ladite femme dudit Dauvray et...Perrine de Meullent ses [=Thomas] filles...[561]m (before 1448) JEAN d’Auray Seigneur d’Auray, son of --- (-after 19 May 1485). 

Thomas & his second wife had one child:

ii)         PERRINE de Meulan (-before 23 Jan 1471).  The document dated 19 May 1485 quoted below names “Jean Dauvray escuyer Baron de Sainct Pair le Servain...procureur de damoiselle Jehanne de Meullent sa femme” and “ladite femme dudit Dauvray et...Perrine de Meullent ses [=Thomas] filles...” and records that Perrine married “Guillaume de Rosenyuinan escuyer[562]m ([1453]) as his first wife, GUILLAUME de Rosnivinen Seigneur de Champarin et de l’Estagerie, son of ---. 

b)         JEANNE de Meulan (-[1454/58]).  A document dated 19 May 1485 records a claim brought by “Jean Dauvray escuyer Baron de Sainct Pair le Servain...procureur de damoiselle Jehanne de Meullent sa femme” against “messire Jean de la Luiserne chevalier...”, noting that in 1454 “feuz Guillaume de la Luserne escuyer et damoiselle Jeanne de Meullent lors sa femme...héritiers aisnés de feu messire Thomas de Meullent en son vivant chevalier frere de ladite damoiselle Jehanne de Meullent...” claimed payments due from “deffunctes damoiselles Beatrix de la Chesse ayeulle par mere et Marguerite le Servain mere de ladite damoiselle Jehanne et sœur dudit feu messire Thomas” under her marriage contract with “feu Jehan Dorenges son premier mary et depuis mariée à Charles de Folligny en seconde nopces et en tierces nopces audit feu Guillaume de la Luiserne”, noting that “feu messire Raoul de Meullent...ayeul de messire Thomas et Jehanne sa sœur” had “quatre fils...Louis, Guy, Maistre Thomas prestre et messire Jean puisné chevalier, pere desdits...Thomas et Jehanne”, that “Perrine de Meullent ses filles...” married “Guillaume de Rosenyuinan escuyer[563]m firstly JEAN d’Orenges Seigneur d’Orenges, son of --- (-after 1416).  m secondly CHARLES Seigneur de Folligny, son of ---.  m thirdly GUILLAUME Seigneur de la Luzerne, son of --- (-after 1454). 

5.         JEANNE de Meulan (-after Jul 1424).  Duchesne names “Jeanne de Meullent alliée en premières nopces à Guillaume de Briqueuille, puis à Henry Carbonnel, chevaliers” as one child of “Raoul de Meullent chevalier seigneur de Courceulle” and his wife “Tiphaine de Husson ...[564].  The date of her second marriage (noted by Père Anselme[565]) shows that Jeanne must have been born from her father’s first marriage.  This is confirmed by a charter dated 1 Nov 1474 which recalls payments owed in Jul 1424 by “messire Thomas de Meulan prêtre sieur de la Vallée et de Courseulles” to “Thomas de Carrouges chevalier” relating to revenue from “la fief de la Vallée”, noting that, after he died childless [no date specified], his maternal inheritance was divided between “Jeanne de Meulan, en son vivant épouse d’Alain de Beaumont chevalier et Nicole de Meulan en son vivant épouse de Pierre d’Anisy chevalier, toutes deux sœurs dudit feu Thomas de Meulan[566]m firstly GUILLAUME de Briqueville, son of ---.  m secondly (before 1387) HENRI Carbonnel Seigneur de Saint-Denis-le-Gast, son of ---.  m thirdly ALAIN de Beaumont Seigneur de Beaumont-Piedebeuf en Bretagne, son of ---. 

6.         NICOLE de Meulan (-after Jul 1424).  A charter dated 1 Nov 1474 which recalls payments owed in Jul 1424 by “messire Thomas de Meulan prêtre sieur de la Vallée et de Courseulles” to “Thomas de Carrouges chevalier” relating to revenue from “la fief de la Vallée”, noting that, after he died childless [no date specified], his maternal inheritance was divided between “Jeanne de Meulan, en son vivant épouse d’Alain de Beaumont chevalier et Nicole de Meulan en son vivant épouse de Pierre d’Anisy chevalier, toutes deux sœurs dudit feu Thomas de Meulan[567]m PIERRE d’Anisy, son of ---. 

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS de CREULLY

 

 

RICHARD FitzRobert, son of ROBERT Fitzroy Earl of Gloucester & his wife Mabel [Maud or Sibylle] FitzRobert ([1120/35]-1175).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which his son "Roger de Croylet, fils de Richard fils du comte de Gloucester" donated property to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados[568].  He succeeded his mother as Seigneur de Creully.  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "Richardus filius comitis Gloecestriæ" and the succession of "Philippus filius eius natus ex sorore Roberti de Monte Forti"[569]

m --- de Montfort, daughter of HUGUES van Gent Seigneur de Montfort-en-Risle & his wife Adeline de Beaumont ([1125/40]-).  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "Richardus filius comitis Gloecestriæ" and the succession of "Philippus filius eius natus ex sorore Roberti de Monte Forti"[570]

Richard & his wife had eight children: 

1.         PHILIPPE de Creully (-[before May 1219]).  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "Richardus filius comitis Gloecestriæ" and the succession of "Philippus filius eius natus ex sorore Roberti de Monte Forti"[571]Seigneur de Creully.  "Philippe de Creully, fils de Richard, fils du comte de Creully" confirmed donations to the priory of Sainte-Barbe by "Roger Malfilastre, Thomas Malfilastre son frère, et le fils dudit Thomas…", by undated charter[572].  "Philippus de Croileio miles…dicti Ricardi hæres" confirmed the donations of the mills at Mesnilbuye to the church of Bayeux made by "Ricardus filius comitis Gloecestriæ pater meus" by charter dated to [1184/1218][573].  "Ricardus de Croilleio" confirmed the donations of the mills at Mesnilbuye to the church of Bayeux made by "Ricardus filius comitis pater meus…Philippus de Croilleio frater meus primogenitus" by charter dated to [1184/1218][574]m ---.  The name of Philippe’s wife is not known.  Philippe & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are suggested by a charter dated May 1219 under which "Gillebertus de Tilleriis dominus de Croleio" granted land "in parochia de Maton" to "Petro de Telleio"[575], confirmed by "Ricardus de Croleio miles" by charter dated Sep 1220[576]m GILBERT de Tillières, son of GILBERT Crispin Seigneur de Tillières & his wife Eléonore de Vitré (-after Sep 1220).  Seigneur de Creully, de iure uxoris.] 

2.         RICHARD de Creully (-after 1234).  "Ricardus de Croilleio" confirmed the donations of the mills at Mesnilbuye to the church of Bayeux made by "Ricardus filius comitis pater meus…Philippus de Croilleio frater meus primogenitus" by charter dated to [1184/1218][577].  "Ricardus de Croleio miles" confirmed the grant of land "in parochia de Maton" to "Petro de Telleio" made by "Gilleberti de Theleriis" by charter dated Sep 1220[578]Seigneur de Creully.  Judgments given in the Echiquier de Normandie, in 1221, include the decision awarding “domum illud quod W. de Croleio frater eius fecit eidem…per tenorem carte domini Ricardi de Croleio…[579]"Roger de Croylet, fils de Richard fils du comte de Gloucester" donated property to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, with the consent of "ses quatre frères Richard, Robert, Guillaume et Henry", by undated charter[580].  "Guillaume Acaria…assisté de Richard et Raoul de Creully frères" confirmed the donation to the Maison-Dieu de Lisieux made by "Hugues et Guillaume La Prevost…" by charter dated Apr 1232[581].  "Richard de Creully" confirmed a donation to the abbey of Aunay made by "Tustin de Lanteuil" by charter dated 1234[582].  The possible descendants of Richard de Creully have been studied by Thierry Le Hête[583]

3.         ROGER de Creully (-before 1248).  "Roger de Croylet, fils de Richard fils du comte de Gloucester" donated property to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, with the consent of "ses quatre frères Richard, Robert, Guillaume et Henry", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Nicolas de Creully, Godefroi de Creully…"[584].  "Roger de Creully fils du comte de Glocestre" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Longues, for the health of "son frère Philippe", by undated charter, witnessed by "ses frères Robert et Henri de Creully…Réginald fils de la comtesse"[585].  “Rogerus filius Ricardi de Croileio” donated rights “in decima de Manereio” to Jumièges by charter dated to [1198/1213][586]m as her second husband, LUCIE de Reviers, widow of ENGUERRAND de Camprond, daughter of --- (-after 1248).  "Lucie de Reviers, veuve du seigneur Roger de Creully chevalier" donated produce from her mill La Fosse to Sainte-Marie de Longues, with the consent of "son fils Guillaume", by charter dated 1248[587].  Her first marriage is confirmed by an undated charter under which "Guillaume de Montfort" granted produce from his mill at La Fosse to "Enguérand de Campo-Rotondo et à Lucie sa femme"[588], confirmed by the charter dated 1248 under which "Guillaume de Campo Rotundo chevalier seigneur de Jore" confirmed the previous donation by "sa mère Lucie de Reviers"[589]

4.         ROBERT de Creully .  "Roger de Creully fils du comte de Glocestre" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Longues, for the health of "son frère Philippe", by undated charter, witnessed by "ses frères Robert et Henri de Creully…Réginald fils de la comtesse"[590].  "Roger de Croylet, fils de Richard fils du comte de Gloucester" donated property to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, with the consent of "ses quatre frères Richard, Robert, Guillaume et Henry", by undated charter[591]

5.         GUILLAUME de Creully .  "Roger de Croylet, fils de Richard fils du comte de Gloucester" donated property to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, with the consent of "ses quatre frères Richard, Robert, Guillaume et Henry", by undated charter[592].  Judgments given in the Echiquier de Normandie, in 1221, include the decision awarding “domum illud quod W. de Croleio frater eius fecit eidem…per tenorem carte domini Ricardi de Croleio…[593]

6.         HENRI de Creully .  "Roger de Creully fils du comte de Glocestre" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Longues, for the health of "son frère Philippe", by undated charter, witnessed by "ses frères Robert et Henri de Creully…Réginald fils de la comtesse"[594].  Judgments given in the Echiquier de Normandie, in 1221, include the decision awarding “domum illud quod W. de Croleio frater eius fecit eidem…per tenorem carte domini Ricardi de Croleio…[595]

7.         RAOUL de Creully (-after Apr 1232).  Joan Queen of Sicily bequeathed 30 marcs to "Ralf de Crolly" under her testament dated 1199[596].  "Guillaume Acaria…assisté de Richard et Raoul de Creully frères" confirmed the donation to the Maison-Dieu de Lisieux made by "Hugues et Guillaume La Prevost…" by charter dated Apr 1232[597]

8.         daughter .  Robert of Torigny records the marriage of "Ingerannus Patric filius eius [Guillermi Patric]" and "filiam Richardi filii comitis"[598]m ENGUERRAND Patric, son of GUILLAUME Patric & his wife ---. 

 

 

1.         NICOLAS de Creully .  "Roger de Croylet, fils de Richard fils du comte de Gloucester" donated property to the abbey of Ardennes, Calvados, with the consent of "ses quatre frères Richard, Robert, Guillaume et Henry", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Nicolas de Creully, Godefroi de Creully…"[599].  The fact that Nicolas witnessed, but did not consent to this donation, suggests that he was not the full brother of the named four brothers.  The names of his sons suggest a close family connection with Richard FitzRobert, but maybe Nicolas was Richard’s illegitimate son.  "Nicolas de Creully chevalier" donated property at Lauteuil to the abbey of Aunay by undated charter, confirmed by another charter by "Guillaume, Philippe et Nicolas de Creully, tous trois enfans dudit Nicolas de Creully"[600]m ---.  The name of Nicolas’s wife is not known.  Nicolas & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Creully .  "Nicolas de Creully chevalier" donated property at Lauteuil to the abbey of Aunay by undated charter, confirmed by another charter by "Guillaume, Philippe et Nicolas de Creully, tous trois enfans dudit Nicolas de Creully"[601].  "Guillaume fils aîné de Nicolas de Creully" donated land at Lauteuil to the abbey of Aunay by undated charter[602]

b)         PHILIPPE de Creully .  "Nicolas de Creully chevalier" donated property at Lauteuil to the abbey of Aunay by undated charter, confirmed by another charter by "Guillaume, Philippe et Nicolas de Creully, tous trois enfans dudit Nicolas de Creully"[603]

c)         NICOLAS de Creully .  "Nicolas de Creully chevalier" donated property at Lauteuil to the abbey of Aunay by undated charter, confirmed by another charter by "Guillaume, Philippe et Nicolas de Creully, tous trois enfans dudit Nicolas de Creully"[604]

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS de CREVECŒUR

 

 

Crèvecœur is a canton in the present-day French département of Oise.  It was located on the borders with the duchy of Normandy and, as can be seen below, many members of the Crèvecœur families were closely associated with Normandy and were granted land in England in the 12th century by the English kings.  There appear to have been several different families who adopted the name Crèvecœur, and between whom no family connection has yet been established.  In addition, Seigneurs de Crèvecœur are recorded from the mid-12th century, descended from the family of the seigneurs de Breteuil (see the document PARIS REGION NOBILILTY).  Hugues de Breteuil, brother of Valéran [III] Seigneur de Breteuil, is recorded as seigneur de Crèvecœur from about the 1150s.  No indication has been found about how Hugues acquired the seigneurie.  In particular, no relationship has yet been traced with any of the earlier Crèvecœur families.  One possibility is that Hugues was born from his father’s second wife Ivette, whose family origin is not known but who may have had some connection with Crèvecœur.  The seigneurs de Crèvecœur are shown at the end of the present section after the other Crèvecœur families.  The seigneurie was held by members of the same family until the marriage in the early 16th century of Louise de Crèvecœur, heiress of François de Crèvecœur, to Guillaume Gouffier de Bonnivet. 

 

 

1.         HAMON de Crèvecœur (-1119 or before)Domesday Descendants names "Haimo de Crèvecœur, Calvados, arr. Lisieux, cant. Mézidon, whom he succeeded by 1119" as the father of Robert de Crèvecœur but does not cite the primary source which confirms this information[605]m ---.  The name of Hamon’s wife is not known.  She was presumably the sister of Hamon dapifer, assuming that “avunculi mei” in the following document is correctly translated as maternal uncle:  Robertus de Crepito Corde” donated “ecclesiam...de Ledes cum capella de Bromfelde...” to the canons of Leeds priory, for the soul of “avunculi mei Hamonis dapiferi”, by undated charter[606].  If that is correct, Hamon married ---, daughter of Hamon dapifer & his wife ---.  This suggestion appears corroborated by the 1130 Pipe Roll recording [her son] "Robto de Crepacor" for land “in Renham” [Rainham] for the profit of [her supposed brother] “Hamon dapif” in Kent[607].  Hamon & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT de Crèvecœur (-[1154/56]).  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Robertus de Crepito-corde" founded Leeds priory in Kent witnessed by "Roysa uxore meo, Elia filio meo, Daniele filio meo"[608].  "…Roberto de Crevecor…" witnessed the charter dated 1121 under which Henry I King of England granted "totam dotem matris sue…terram de Sceldedena et de Herleia et dominicum managium suum de Wintonia extra portam civitatis" to "Willelmo Maledocto"[609].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robto de Crepacor" in Kent[610]Robertus de Crepito Corde” donated “ecclesiam...de Ledes cum capella de Bromfelde, ecclesia de Chettham...de Renham...de Gutherste...de Lamberherste...de Farlege...de Terstane” to the canons of Leeds priory, for the soul of “avunculi mei Hamonis dapiferi”, by undated charter witnessed by “Roysa uxore mea, Elya fratre meo, Hamone filio Vitalis...[611]m ROHESE, daughter of ---.  Robertus de Crepito Corde” donated “ecclesiam...de Ledes cum capella de Bromfelde, ecclesia de Chettham...de Renham...de Gutherste...de Lamberherste...de Farlege...de Terstane” to the canons of Leeds priory, for the soul of “avunculi mei Hamonis dapiferi”, by undated charter witnessed by “Roysa uxore mea, Elya fratre meo, Hamone filio Vitalis...[612].  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Robertus de Crepito-corde" founded Leeds priory in Kent witnessed by "Roysa uxore meo, Elia filio meo, Daniele filio meo"[613].  Robert & his wife had three children: 

i)          HELIE de Crèvecœur .  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Robertus de Crepito-corde" founded Leeds priory in Kent witnessed by "Roysa uxore meo, Elia filio meo, Daniele filio meo"[614]

ii)         DANIEL de Crèvecœur (-1177).  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes other charters which record that "Robertus de Crepito-corde" founded Leeds priory in Kent witnessed by "Roysa uxore meo, Elia filio meo, Daniele filio meo" and that "Daniel de Crevequer" confirmed the donations made by "pater meus Robertus"[615].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Daniel de Crevequor viii l" in Kent in [1161/62] and "xi l i m" in [1167/68][616].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the names of those providing knights for military service with "Danielis de Crevequer" in Kent[617].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Daniel de Crevequer" held [one] knights fee in Sussex under the Earl of Arundel[618].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Daniel de Creuecuer" in Kent[619]m ISABEL, daughter of ---.  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Daniel de Crevequer" donated property to Leeds priory in Kent for the soul of "sororis meæ Gunnoræ, quas tenuit uxor Wyse, et Edstanus" and made another donation for the soul of "Isabellæ uxoris meæ"[620].  Daniel & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ROBERT de Crèvecœur (-after [1210/12])Rodbertus de Crevequer” confirmed the donation of “duas terras...Techesto Rochester, made by “Helyas filius Hamonis” with the consent of “patris mei Danielis de Crevequer et mater eius Roeis”, by undated charter[621]

-         see below.   

iii)        GUNNOR de Crèvecœur .  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Daniel de Crevequer" donated property to Leeds priory in Kent for the soul of "sororis meæ Gunnoræ, quas tenuit uxor Wyse, et Edstanus" and made another donation for the soul of "Isabellæ uxoris meæ"[622]m --- Wyse, son of ---. 

b)         HELIE de CrèvecœurRobertus de Crepito Corde” donated “ecclesiam...de Ledes cum capella de Bromfelde, ecclesia de Chettham...de Renham...de Gutherste...de Lamberherste...de Farlege...de Terstane” to the canons of Leeds priory, for the soul of “avunculi mei Hamonis dapiferi”, by undated charter witnessed by “Roysa uxore mea, Elya fratre meo, Hamone filio Vitalis...[623].  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Helias de Crevequer" donated property to Leeds priory in Kent[624].  It is not known whether this last document refers to the brother of Robert de Crèvecœur.  same person as...?  HELIE de Crèvecœur .  The chronology suggests that Hélie de Crèvecœur who is named in the following document was the same person as the brother of Robert de Crèvecœur, but this has not been confirmed beyond doubt.  An undated charter records that “in tempore Henrici regis primiElyas de Crevequer” donated “ecclesie de Serres...advocacionem” to the canons of Leeds priory who donated it to “clericum suum Radulfum Pykot” who resigned his position and became a knight, that “Emma filie et heredes dicti Elye” later confirmed her father’s donation, and that later still “Hamo...dominus medietatis manerii de Serres” further confirmed the donation[625]m ---.  The name of Hélie’s wife is not known.  Hélie & his wife had one child: 

i)          EMMA de Crèvecœur .  An undated charter records that “in tempore Henrici regis primiElyas de Crevequer” donated “ecclesie de Serres...advocacionem” to the canons of Leeds priory who donated it to “clericum suum Radulfum Pykot” who resigned his position and became a knight, that “Emma filie et heredes dicti Elye” later confirmed her father’s donation, and that later still “Hamo...dominus medietatis manerii de Serres” further confirmed the donation[626]

 

 

1.         AVICE de Crèvecœur ([1114/15]-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Avicia de Crievequor…lxx annorum”, her fee "i militis…de feodo comitis Legrecestrie…in Croxton", and names “Robertus de Bouesbez filius filii sui…heres eius…xxii annorum” and records that she also had three daughters "quas Dominus Rex maritavit"[627]m --- de Bousbes, son of ---. 

 

2.         HUGUES de Crèvecœur (-after [1133]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records knights of the church of Bayeux in [1133], "Hugo de Crevequer" with five knights[628]m ---.  The name of Hugues’s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Crèvecœur (-after Jan 1153).  "…Willielmo de Crivecuer…" witnessed the charter dated [Jan/Aug] 1153 under which Henry Duke of Normandy donated property to Flexley abbey[629].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the priory of Sainte-Barbe-en-Auge, including donations by "Willelmi de Crievecuer", by charter dated to [1185/89][630]

 

 

ROBERT de Crèvecœur, son of DANIEL de Crèvecœur & his wife Isabel (-after [1210/12])Rodbertus de Crevequer” confirmed the donation of “duas terras...Techesto Rochester, made by “Helyas filius Hamonis” with the consent of “patris mei Danielis de Crevequer et mater eius Roeis”, by undated charter[631].  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Robertus filius Danielis de Crevequer" donated property to Leeds priory in Kent[632].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Crevequer" paying "vii l, xiv milites" in Kent[633].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records that "…Robertus de Crevequor…" was granted delay in payment "per brevia" in Kent[634].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Robertus de Crevequor" paying "xiv l…xiv milites" in Kent[635].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Crevequor" holding one and three quarters knights’ fees (location unspecified), one quarter "in Dene", one "in Cheveninges", one "in Fotescraye", as well as twelve other unspecified knights’ fees, in Kent in [1210/12][636].  

m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known. 

Robert & his wife had one child: 

1.         HAMON de Crèvecœur (-before 6 Apr 1263).  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Hamo de Crevequer" confirmed the donations to Leeds priory in Kent made by "Roberti de Crevequer atavi mei, vel Danielis avi mei vel Roberti patris mei", witnessed by "…domino Roberto de Crevequer filio meo…"[637].  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Hamo de Crevequoer" dated 11 Jun 1217[638].  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names "Robert de Creuker, son of Hamo de Creweker the younger, and nepos of the said Hamo deceased aged 24 and more is his heir…[to] Bokingefaud manor [Kent]", and "Matthew de Creuequer aged 40 and more, Robert de Creuequer aged 30, Hamo de Creuequer son of the said Hamo, and Robert de Creuequer, John de Creuequer and Thomas de Creuequer, sons of Hamo the younger, are heirs of Hamo de Creuquer last deceased" as heirs in the residue of his tenements[639]m firstly ---.  The name of Hamon’s first wife is not known.  This first marriage is indicated by the documents quoted below.  m secondly MATILDA d’Avranches, daughter of WILLIAM d’Avranches & his wife Matilda de Bocland (-before 6 Apr 1263).  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names their heirs and records that Hamon married "Maud sister and heiress of William de Averenches"[640].  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her…" and names her heirs as noted below[641].  Hamon & his first wife had three children: 

a)         HAMON de Crèvecœur .  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names "Matthew de Creuequer aged 40 and more, Robert de Creuequer aged 30, Hamo de Creuequer son of the said Hamo, and Robert de Creuequer, John de Creuequer and Thomas de Creuequer, sons of Hamo the younger, are heirs of Hamo de Creuquer last deceased" as heirs in the residue of his tenements[642]m ---.  The name of Hamon’s wife is not known.  The charters quoted below under her son Robert suggest that she may have been heiress of the Cressy family.  Hamon & his wife had children: 

i)          ROBERT de Crèvecœur ([1238/39]-after 5 Jun 1293).  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names "Robert de Creuker, son of Hamo de Creweker the younger, and nepos of the said Hamo deceased aged 24 and more is his heir…[to] Bokingefaud manor [Kent]"[643].  A charter of Edward III King of England quotes another charter which records that "Robertus filius Hammonis de Crevequer junioris" donated property to Leeds priory in Kent 3 Dec 1272[644].  “Robertus de Creuequer, dominus manerii quod fuit Hugonis de Cressy in villa de Trottesclyve” confirmed land “in Parva Wrotham” to Willelmo le Ken servienti meo” by charter dated [1272/73][645].  “Robertus de Creuquer filius Hamonis de Creuquer junioris” donated his rights “in manerio de Trottesclyve”, which had belonged to Stephani de Cressy”, to Rochester by charter dated 2 Jun 1278[646].  “Robertus de Creuquer...et Iseude uxori mee” settled a dispute with “dominum Rogerium Leyburne” relating to maneria sua de Trottesclyve et de Flete”, from the reversion of the dowry of “Ermentruda que fuit uxor Stephani de Cressy...per manum domini Willelmi de Stoteville tunc mariti sui”, by charter dated 5 Jun 1293[647]m ISOLDA, daughter of --- (-after 5 Jun 1293).  “Robertus de Creuquer...et Iseude uxori mee” settled a dispute with “dominum Rogerium Leyburne” relating to maneria sua de Trottesclyve et de Flete”, from the reversion of the dowry of “Ermentruda que fuit uxor Stephani de Cressy...per manum domini Willelmi de Stoteville tunc mariti sui”, by charter dated 5 Jun 1293[648]

ii)         JOHN de Crèvecœur .  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names "Matthew de Creuequer aged 40 and more, Robert de Creuequer aged 30, Hamo de Creuequer son of the said Hamo, and Robert de Creuequer, John de Creuequer and Thomas de Creuequer, sons of Hamo the younger, are heirs of Hamo de Creuquer last deceased" as heirs in the residue of his tenements[649]

iii)        THOMAS de Crèvecœur .  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names "Matthew de Creuequer aged 40 and more, Robert de Creuequer aged 30, Hamo de Creuequer son of the said Hamo, and Robert de Creuequer, John de Creuequer and Thomas de Creuequer, sons of Hamo the younger, are heirs of Hamo de Creuquer last deceased" as heirs in the residue of his tenements[650]

b)         MATTHEW de Crèvecœur ([1222/23]-after 1263).  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names "Matthew de Creuequer aged 40 and more, Robert de Creuequer aged 30, Hamo de Creuequer son of the said Hamo, and Robert de Creuequer, John de Creuequer and Thomas de Creuequer, sons of Hamo the younger, are heirs of Hamo de Creuquer last deceased" as heirs in the residue of his tenements[651]

c)         ROBERT de Crèvecœur ([1232/33]-).  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names "Matthew de Creuequer aged 40 and more, Robert de Creuequer aged 30, Hamo de Creuequer son of the said Hamo, and Robert de Creuequer, John de Creuequer and Thomas de Creuequer, sons of Hamo the younger, are heirs of Hamo de Creuquer last deceased" as heirs in the residue of his tenements[652]

Hamon & his second wife had five children:

d)         WILLIAM de Crèvecœur (-before 6 Apr 1263).  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her and they gave the manor to William their son and heir in free marriage with the said Mabel.  This William died without heir of his body"[653]m as her first husband, MABEL, daughter of FULK [IV] FitzWarin & his [first/second] wife [--- de Clifford/Constance de Tosny] (-before 24 May 1297).  She married secondly as his first wife, John de Tregoz, later Lord Tresgoz.  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her and they gave the manor to William their son and heir in free marriage with the said Mabel.  This William died without heir of his body"[654]

e)         AGNES de Crèvecœur .  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names their heirs and records that Hamon married "Maud sister and heiress of William de Averenches" by whom he had four daughters "Agnes married to John de Sandwyco, Isolda who was married to Nicholas de Lenham and had one son name John now aged 12, Ellen alias Eleanor married to Bartholomew de Kyrieul alias Bertram de Criel, and Isabel married to Henry de Gaunt", adding that "the said Agnes, John, Ellen and Isabel are heirs of the said Maud"[655].  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her and they gave the manor to William their son and heir in free marriage with the said Mabel.  This William died without heir of his body", names as heirs of "[the said Maud] Juliana daughter of John son of Agnes one of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 23 and more, John de Lenham son of Iseut the second of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 60 and more"[656]m JOHN de Sandwich, son of ---. 

f)          ISOLDA de Crèvecœur (-before 1263).  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names their heirs and records that Hamon married "Maud sister and heiress of William de Averenches" by whom he had four daughters "Agnes married to John de Sandwyco, Isolda who was married to Nicholas de Lenham and had one son name John now aged 12, Ellen alias Eleanor married to Bartholomew de Kyrieul alias Bertram de Criel, and Isabel married to Henry de Gaunt", adding that "the said Agnes, John, Ellen and Isabel are heirs of the said Maud"[657].  A writ dated 24 May "25 Edw I", after the death of "Mabel late the wife of John Tregoz", records in relation to Weston that it was "held in free marriage of the barony of Averenchis…[by] Maud daughter of and heir of William de Averenchis the elder…Hamo le Creveker married her and they gave the manor to William their son and heir in free marriage with the said Mabel.  This William died without heir of his body", names as heirs of "[the said Maud] Juliana daughter of John son of Agnes one of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 23 and more, John de Lenham son of Iseut the second of the daughters of the said Hamo and Maud aged 60 and more"[658]m NICHOLAS de Lenham, son of ---. 

g)         ELEANOR de Crèvecœur .  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names their heirs and records that Hamon married "Maud sister and heiress of William de Averenches" by whom he had four daughters "Agnes married to John de Sandwyco, Isolda who was married to Nicholas de Lenham and had one son name John now aged 12, Ellen alias Eleanor married to Bartholomew de Kyrieul alias Bertram de Criel, and Isabel married to Henry de Gaunt", adding that "the said Agnes, John, Ellen and Isabel are heirs of the said Maud"[659]m BERTRAM de Criel, son of ---. 

h)         ISABEL de Crèvecœur .  A writ dated 6 Apr "47 Hen III", after the death of "Hamo de Creuequer…and Maud de Avereng…sometime his wife", names their heirs and records that Hamon married "Maud sister and heiress of William de Averenches" by whom he had four daughters "Agnes married to John de Sandwyco, Isolda who was married to Nicholas de Lenham and had one son name John now aged 12, Ellen alias Eleanor married to Bartholomew de Kyrieul alias Bertram de Criel, and Isabel married to Henry de Gaunt", adding that "the said Agnes, John, Ellen and Isabel are heirs of the said Maud"[660]m HENRY de Gaunt, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         PIERRE de Crèvecœur (-before 1175).  “Willelmus [...cum uxore mea et liberis cum fratribus...meis] et Petrus [...cum Girardo et ceteris fratribus...meis] vicedomini Gerboreti” confirmed the donation of “terram suam de Ursimonte” made to Lannoy abbey by “...Petrus de Crevecor cum uxore sua Emelina et filio suo Waltero...” by charter dated 1160[661]m EMMELINE, daughter of --- (-after 1175).  “Willelmus [...cum uxore mea et liberis cum fratribus...meis] et Petrus [...cum Girardo et ceteris fratribus...meis] vicedomini Gerboreti” confirmed the donation of “terram suam de Ursimonte” made to Lannoy abbey by “...Petrus de Crevecor cum uxore sua Emelina et filio suo Waltero...” by charter dated 1160[662].  Philippe Bishop of Beauvais confirmed the donation of “quartam partem terre...Fomucum” to Lannoy made by “Emelina uxor Petri de Crevecor” with the consent of “filiis suis Galtero et Philipo et nepotibus suis Gervasio, Rogero” by charter dated 1175[663].  Pierre & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         GAUTHIER (-after 1211).  “Willelmus [...cum uxore mea et liberis cum fratribus...meis] et Petrus [...cum Girardo et ceteris fratribus...meis] vicedomini Gerboreti” confirmed the donation of “terram suam de Ursimonte” made to Lannoy abbey by “...Petrus de Crevecor cum uxore sua Emelina et filio suo Waltero...” by charter dated 1160[664].  Philippe Bishop of Beauvais confirmed the donation of “quartam partem terre...Fomucum” to Lannoy made by “Emelina uxor Petri de Crevecor” with the consent of “filiis suis Galtero et Philipo et nepotibus suis Gervasio, Rogero” by charter dated 1175[665].  “Galterus de Crevecuer” harvest “in territorio de Ursimontis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Philippi fratris sui et Matildis uxoris sue et filiorum suorum ac filiarum Petri...Guidonis, Clementiæ et Hermengardis...Emeline de Reio et filiorum suorum Balduini et Gervasii et filie sue Milesendis”, by charter dated to [1194/1200][666].  “Galterus de Crepicordio” donated property “in territorio de Copemont” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Petri filii sui”, by charter dated 1211[667]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  “Galterus de Crevecuer” harvest “in territorio de Ursimontis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Philippi fratris sui et Matildis uxoris sue et filiorum suorum ac filiarum Petri...Guidonis, Clementiæ et Hermengardis...Emeline de Reio et filiorum suorum Balduini et Gervasii et filie sue Milesendis”, by charter dated to [1194/1200][668].  Gauthier & his wife had six children: 

i)          PIERRE .  “Galterus de Crevecuer” harvest “in territorio de Ursimontis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Philippi fratris sui et Matildis uxoris sue et filiorum suorum ac filiarum Petri...Guidonis, Clementiæ et Hermengardis...Emeline de Reio et filiorum suorum Balduini et Gervasii et filie sue Milesendis”, by charter dated to [1194/1200][669].  “Galterus de Crepicordio” donated property “in territorio de Copemont” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Petri filii sui”, by charter dated 1211[670].  “Petrus de Crepicordio” donated harvest “in granchia de Malpertuis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Aeline uxoris sue et fratres eiusdem Petri...Guido et Gerardus et Clementia soor eorumdem”, by charter dated 1231[671]m ALINE, daughter of ---.  “Petrus de Crepicordio” donated harvest “in granchia de Malpertuis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Aeline uxoris sue et fratres eiusdem Petri...Guido et Gerardus et Clementia soor eorumdem”, by charter dated 1231[672]

ii)         GUY .  “Galterus de Crevecuer” harvest “in territorio de Ursimontis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Philippi fratris sui et Matildis uxoris sue et filiorum suorum ac filiarum Petri...Guidonis, Clementiæ et Hermengardis...Emeline de Reio et filiorum suorum Balduini et Gervasii et filie sue Milesendis”, by charter dated to [1194/1200][673].  “Balduinus de Reyo miles” confirmed the donation to Lannoy made by “Guido et Girardus fratres Petri de Crievecuer...et uxores eorumdem Margareta et Aelina”, with the consent of “dominus Garinus miles, Willermus Patin, Adam de Bovereches et uxores eorumdem Ermengardis...Albereda et Clementia”, by charter dated 1221[674].  “Petrus de Crepicordio” donated harvest “in granchia de Malpertuis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Aeline uxoris sue et fratres eiusdem Petri...Guido et Gerardus et Clementia soor eorumdem”, by charter dated 1231[675]m MARGUERITE, daughter of ---.  “Balduinus de Reyo miles” confirmed the donation to Lannoy made by “Guido et Girardus fratres Petri de Crievecuer...et uxores eorumdem Margareta et Aelina” by charter dated 1221[676]

iii)        CLEMENCE .  “Galterus de Crevecuer” harvest “in territorio de Ursimontis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Philippi fratris sui et Matildis uxoris sue et filiorum suorum ac filiarum Petri...Guidonis, Clementiæ et Hermengardis...Emeline de Reio et filiorum suorum Balduini et Gervasii et filie sue Milesendis”, by charter dated to [1194/1200][677].  “Balduinus de Reyo miles” confirmed the donation to Lannoy made by “Guido et Girardus fratres Petri de Crievecuer...et uxores eorumdem Margareta et Aelina”, with the consent of “dominus Garinus miles, Willermus Patin, Adam de Bovereches et uxores eorumdem Ermengardis...Albereda et Clementia”, by charter dated 1221[678].  “Petrus de Crepicordio” donated harvest “in granchia de Malpertuis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Aeline uxoris sue et fratres eiusdem Petri...Guido et Gerardus et Clementia soor eorumdem”, by charter dated 1231[679]m ADAM de Bovereches, son of ---. 

iv)       ERMENGARDE .  “Galterus de Crevecuer” harvest “in territorio de Ursimontis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Philippi fratris sui et Matildis uxoris sue et filiorum suorum ac filiarum Petri...Guidonis, Clementiæ et Hermengardis...Emeline de Reio et filiorum suorum Balduini et Gervasii et filie sue Milesendis”, by charter dated to [1194/1200][680].  “Balduinus de Reyo miles” confirmed the donation to Lannoy made by “Guido et Girardus fratres Petri de Crievecuer...et uxores eorumdem Margareta et Aelina”, with the consent of “dominus Garinus miles, Willermus Patin, Adam de Bovereches et uxores eorumdem Ermengardis...Albereda et Clementia”, by charter dated 1221[681]m GARIN, son of ---. 

v)        AUBREYE .  “Balduinus de Reyo miles” confirmed the donation to Lannoy made by “Guido et Girardus fratres Petri de Crievecuer...et uxores eorumdem Margareta et Aelina”, with the consent of “dominus Garinus miles, Willermus Patin, Adam de Bovereches et uxores eorumdem Ermengardis...Albereda et Clementia”, by charter dated 1221[682]m GUILLAUME Patin, son of ---. 

vi)       GERARD .  “Balduinus de Reyo miles” confirmed the donation to Lannoy made by “Guido et Girardus fratres Petri de Crievecuer...et uxores eorumdem Margareta et Aelina” by charter dated 1221[683].  “Petrus de Crepicordio” donated harvest “in granchia de Malpertuis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Aeline uxoris sue et fratres eiusdem Petri...Guido et Gerardus et Clementia soor eorumdem”, by charter dated 1231[684]m ALINE, daughter of ---.  “Balduinus de Reyo miles” confirmed the donation to Lannoy made by “Guido et Girardus fratres Petri de Crievecuer...et uxores eorumdem Margareta et Aelina” by charter dated 1221[685]

b)         PHILIPPE .  Philippe Bishop of Beauvais confirmed the donation of “quartam partem terre...Fomucum” to Lannoy made by “Emelina uxor Petri de Crevecor” with the consent of “filiis suis Galtero et Philipo et nepotibus suis Gervasio, Rogero” by charter dated 1175[686].  “Galterus de Crevecuer” harvest “in territorio de Ursimontis” to Lannoy, with the consent of “Philippi fratris sui et Matildis uxoris sue et filiorum suorum ac filiarum Petri...Guidonis, Clementiæ et Hermengardis...Emeline de Reio et filiorum suorum Balduini et Gervasii et filie sue Milesendis”, by charter dated to [1194/1200][687]

c)         [--- .  m ---.]  Two children: 

i)          GERVAIS .  Philippe Bishop of Beauvais confirmed the donation of “quartam partem terre...Fomucum” to Lannoy made by “Emelina uxor Petri de Crevecor” with the consent of “filiis suis Galtero et Philipo et nepotibus suis Gervasio, Rogero” by charter dated 1175[688]

ii)         ROGER .  Philippe Bishop of Beauvais confirmed the donation of “quartam partem terre...Fomucum” to Lannoy made by “Emelina uxor Petri de Crevecor” with the consent of “filiis suis Galtero et Philipo et nepotibus suis Gervasio, Rogero” by charter dated 1175[689].

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Crèvecœur (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Hugo de Crevequer, i militem" among those providing military service for William Earl of Gloucester in Kent[690]Hugo de Crevecuer” donated “terre...de feodo de Crevecuer apud Riencort” inherited from “Ascelino de Bules et...uxore eius Freessent” to Saint-Just-en-Chaussée by undated charter (12th century)[691]

 

 

1.         RENAUD de Crèvecœur (-after 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Reginaldus de Crevequer viii m et dimidiam" in Lincolnshire in [1161/62][692].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Reginaldus Crevequer" held one half of one knight’s fee from "comitis Simonis" in Lincolnshire[693]m MATILDA, daughter of --- ([1124/25]-).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matillis que fuit uxor Reginaldi de Crievequeor…lx annorum et amplius” and her land "de Redburne"[694].  Renaud & his wife had four children: 

a)         SIMON de Crèvecœur (-before 1185).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Simon de Crevequer xiii l x s" in Lincolnshire in [1171/72][695].  “Alexander de Creuequer” donated land "in Culgait" to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Symone de Creuequer…"[696]m --- de Goxhill, daughter of ROBERT FitzErneis de Goxhill & his wife Adeline Ingram (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Simonis de Crievequeor…filia Roberti filii Ernisii de Gousele”, her land "in Huddintune…de feodo Walteri de Neville", adding that she was 24 years old and had two sons “primogenitus…v annorum…in custodia matris per Dominum Regem” and two daughters, in a later passage naming her mother "filie Johannis Ingelram" and specifying that her younger son was 4 years old, and that "post mortem Simonis de Crievequor terra de Hakenton fuit in manu Domini Regis"[697].  Simon & his wife had four children: 

i)          son ([1179/80]-).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Simonis de Crievequeor…filia Roberti filii Ernisii de Gousele”, adding that she was 24 years old and had two sons “primogenitus…v annorum…in custodia matris per Dominum Regem” and two daughters, in a later passage specifying that her younger son was 4 years old[698]

ii)         son ([1180/81]-).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Simonis de Crievequeor…filia Roberti filii Ernisii de Gousele”, adding that she was 24 years old and had two sons “primogenitus…v annorum…in custodia matris per Dominum Regem” and two daughters, in a later passage specifying that her younger son was 4 years old[699]

iii)        two daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Simonis de Crievequeor…filia Roberti filii Ernisii de Gousele”, adding that she was 24 years old and had two sons “primogenitus…v annorum…in custodia matris per Dominum Regem” and two daughters, in a later passage specifying that her younger son was 4 years old[700]

b)         ALEXANDER de Crèvecœur (-before 1204).  “Alexander de Creuequer” donated land "in Culgait" to Wetherhal priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Adam de Mortegeg, Warino, Symone de Creuequer…"[701].  "Alex de Crevequor" paid a fine relating to "xiv feod milit et dimid versus Cecil de Crevequor" in Lincolnshire, dated 1201[702].  "Alexander de Creuequer" donated land in Hackthorn and Redbourne "in feudo Symonis filii Willlemi" to Bullington Priory, in exchange for land donated by "pater meus Reginaldus", by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II[703].  [The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Alexander de Crevequer" holding three and one half knights’ fees in "honor de Crevequer" in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][704].]  m firstly ---.  The name of Alexander’s first wife is not known.  This first marriage is suggested by the order dated 1204, quoted below, which appears to indicate that the mother of Alexander’s daughter Cecilia was not Amabel.  m secondly as her first husband, AMABEL, daughter of ADAM FitzSwein & his wife ---.  Her parentage is indicated by the undated charter under which [her husband] “Alexander de Creuequer” donated "molendinum meum de Culgait" to Wetherhal priory[705] and another undated charter [her supposed father] “Adam filius Suani” also donated "molendinum meum de Culgait" to Wetherhal[706].  "Cecilia de Crevequor" paid a fine for "terre…in Harpeswell et Herdewic qu’s Amabil q fuit uxor Alex de Crevequor tenuit in dote ex dono ipsius Alex et q ad ipsam Cecil q fuit fil eidsdem Alex et hs ipsa et jure hereditario deb revti", in Lincolnshire, dated 1204[707].  She married secondly William de Neville.  Alexander & his first wife had one child: 

i)          CECILIA de Crèvecœur (-after 1212).  "Walterus de Nevilla…et Ceciliam uxorem meam" donated a fishery in the river Ancolne to Bullington priory by charter dated to the late 12th century, sealed by "Walteri de Nevila…Cecilie de Crevecwer"[708].  The document does not name Cecilia’s parents, but the chronology of the references to the Crèvecœur family in Lincolnshire suggests that Cecilia may have been the daughter of Alexander de Crèvecœur.  This would also explain the transmission of the name Alexander into the Neville family.  Her parentage is confirmed by the order dated 1204 which is quoted below.  "Alex de Crevequor" paid a fine relating to "xiv feod milit et dimid versus Cecil de Crevequor" in Lincolnshire, dated 1201[709].  "Cecil’ de Crevequor" paid a fine for "hereditate sua un dissaisita fuit p perceptu dñi Reg, et uñ Alex de Neovil fil suus" in Lincolnshire, dated 1204[710].  "Cecilia de Crevequor" paid a fine for "terre…in Harpeswell et Herdewic qu’s Amabil q fuit uxor Alex de Crevequor tenuit in dote ex dono ipsius Alex et q ad ipsam Cecil q fuit fil eidsdem Alex et hs ipsa et jure hereditario deb revti", in Lincolnshire, dated 1204[711].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Hugo filius Radulfi" held property "de baronia Cecillie de Crevequer, in Askebi, Sumerdebi et Enderbi et Teford et Hamringham et Willeton" in Lincolnshire[712].  m WALTER de Neville, son of GILBERT de Neville & his wife --- (-after 1194). 

c)         AMABLE de Crèvecœur .  "Amable de Creuequer" donated land "de Hactorn…iuxta Alexandrum de Creuequer in parte", of Bullington priory, for the souls of "patrum et matrum nostrorum…viri mei Hugonis de Chene", by charter dated to late in the reign of King Henry II[713]m HUGH de Chesney, son of ---. 

d)         GILBERT de Crèvecœur .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

 

 

1.         RENAUD de Crèvecœur (-after 1212).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Reginaldus de Crevequer" held property "in Blesebi in Houtton…in Snelleslund et Suntorp et Reresbi" in Lincolnshire[714].  

 

2.         ISABELLE de Crèvecœur (-after Apr 1217).  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Isabella de Crevequer…cum Reginaldo de Cornhill viro suo" dated 12 Apr 1217[715]m REGINALD de Cornhill, son of --- (-after Apr 1217). 

 

 

HUGUES de Breteuil, son of ERARD [III] Seigneur de Breteuil & his [first/second] wife [Beatrix de Coucy/Ivette ---] (-[28] Mar 1184, bur Abbaye de Breteuil)Odon Bishop of Beauvais confirmed donations to Lannoy, including the donation of property “in villa et in terra Teoleti” made by “Everardus Britolii dominus et filii eius Walerannus, Everardus et Hugo”, by charter dated 1140[716]Seigneur de Crèvecœur.  As noted in the introduction to the present section, no indication has yet been found about how Hugues acquired the seigneurie de Crèvecœur.  One possibility is that he was the son of his father’s second wife, whose family origin is unknown but who may have been related to the earlier Crèvecœur families who are shown above.  “Hugo de Crevecuer...et uxor mea Ada et filii mei et filiæ meæ omnes...Ebrardus, Ingelranus, Matilda, Sara et Petronilla” donated “terra de Mormaisons” to Beauvais Saint-Lucien by undated charter[717]Hugo de Britolio” donated “decimam meam de Hulseia” to Variville on the entry of "filia mea Sara" as a nun, with the consent of "filii mei Ebrardus et Engerramus et filia mea Mathildis", by charter dated 1179, witnessed by "Manasserus de Britolio…"[718]"Aelidis comitissa Claromontis et domina Britulli" confirmed the donation to the church of Breteuil by "Hugo de Crepicordio frater patris mei Galeranni" for the soul of "Petronille filie sue" and confirmed after his death by "Heverardus eius filius successor et heres" by charter dated 1194[719]

m (before 1157) ADA de Gerberoy, daughter of HELIE [II] Vidame de Gerberoy & his wife Martine ---.  Hugo de Britolio, Galeranus frater eius, Ada uxor Hugonis” subscribed a charter dated 1157 which records a donation to Beaupré[720]Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 1160, which records a donation to Beaupré made by Gérard de Caigny”, subscribed by “Hugo de Britulio, gener ipsius Helye vicedomini Gerboredensis[721]Hugo de Crevecuer...et uxor mea Ada et filii mei et filiæ meæ omnes...Ebrardus, Ingelranus, Matilda, Sara et Petronilla” donated “terra de Mormaisons” to Beauvais Saint-Lucien by undated charter[722]

Hugues & his wife had five children: 

1.         ERARD de Crèvecœur (-[1183/90]).  “Hugo de Crevecuer...et uxor mea Ada et filii mei et filiæ meæ omnes...Ebrardus, Ingelranus, Matilda, Sara et Petronilla” donated “terra de Mormaisons” to Beauvais Saint-Lucien by undated charter[723]Hugo de Britolio” donated “decimam meam de Hulseia” to Variville on the entry of "filia mea Sara" as a nun, with the consent of "filii mei Ebrardus et Engerramus et filia mea Mathildis", by charter dated 1179[724]Seigneur de Crèvecœur.  "Aelidis comitissa Claromontis et domina Britulli" confirmed the donation to the church of Breteuil by "Hugo de Crepicordio frater patris mei Galeranni" for the soul of "Petronille filie sue" and confirmed after his death by "Heverardus eius filius successor et heres" by charter dated 1194[725]

2.         ENGUERRAND de Crèvecœur (-[1204/05]).  “Hugo de Crevecuer...et uxor mea Ada et filii mei et filiæ meæ omnes...Ebrardus, Ingelranus, Matilda, Sara et Petronilla” donated “terra de Mormaisons” to Beauvais Saint-Lucien by undated charter[726]Hugo de Britolio” donated “decimam meam de Hulseia” to Variville on the entry of "filia mea Sara" as a nun, with the consent of "filii mei Ebrardus et Engerramus et filia mea Mathildis", by charter dated 1179[727]Seigneur de Crèvecœur.  “Ingelramus de Crevecuer” donated property to Beauvais Saint-Lucien, with the consent of “uxoris Clementiæ”, by charter dated 1190[728]m as her first husband, CLEMENCE de Gerberoy, daughter of PIERRE [III] de Gerberoy & his wife Juliana de Gerberoy.  “Ingelramus de Crevecuer” donated property to Beauvais Saint-Lucien, with the consent of “uxoris Clementiæ”, by charter dated 1190[729].  Her parentage is indicated by the charter dated 1240 under which [her son] “Joannes de Crepicordio miles...et filii mei...Reginaldus et Odardus et domina Alidis uxor” renounced claims to land of “Vuilelmi de Gerboredo...tanquam hœredem proximiorem” in favour of the bishop of Beauvais[730].  She married secondly Eudes de Ronquerolles.  “Clementia de Crevecuer”, in the absence of “domino Odone milite ad præsens marito meo” on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, confirmed a donation by “Giroldus de Crevecuer” of property held from “Ingelrani quondam mariti mei”, by charter dated Jul 1220[731].  Enguerrand & his wife had two children: 

a)         JEAN de Crèvecœur (-1240).  Seigneur de CrèvecœurJoannes de Crevecor” confirmed the donation to Lannoy made by “Ingerranus de Crevecor pater meus...et domina Clementia mater mea” by charter dated 1219[732].  “Joannes de Crepicordio armiger” confirmed a donation to Beaupré made by “bonæ memoriæ Ingerranus pater meus et domina Clementia mater mea”, with the consent of “Alix uxor mea, liberi nostri Rainaldus, Odo, Isabellis”, by charter dated 1231[733]Guillelmus de Bello saltu miles dominus Brithulii” [presumably acting in his capacity as head of the Breteuil family] confirmed the donation of “medietatem terre in terra Alodiorum” made to Beaupré by “bone memorie Ingeranno de Crepicordio milite et domina Clementia quondam eius uxore” and by “dominus Johannes de Crepicordio miles eorum filius heres terre...et Aelis uxor dicti Johannis” by charter dated 1231[734]Joannes de Crepicordio et dominus” confirmed the donation to Beauvais Saint-Lucien made by “Vuilelmus, Petrus, Ricardus et Petronilla soror eorumdem de Tilloel...” by charter dated 1239[735].  “Joannes de Crepicordio miles...et filii mei...Reginaldus et Odardus et domina Alidis uxor” renounced claims to land of “Vuilelmi de Gerboredo...tanquam hœredem proximiorem” in favour of the bishop of Beauvais by charter dated 1240[736]m ALIX, daughter of ---(-1279).  “Joannes de Crepicordio armiger” confirmed a donation to Beaupré made by “bonæ memoriæ Ingerranus pater meus et domina Clementia mater mea”, with the consent of “Alix uxor mea, liberi nostri Rainaldus, Odo, Isabellis”, by charter dated 1231[737].  “Joannes de Crepicordio miles...et filii mei...Reginaldus et Odardus et domina Alidis uxor” renounced claims to land of “Vuilelmi de Gerboredo...tanquam hœredem proximiorem” in favour of the bishop of Beauvais by charter dated 1240[738].  Jean & his wife had three children: 

i)          RENAUD de Crèvecœur (-1282).  “Joannes de Crepicordio armiger” confirmed a donation to Beaupré made by “bonæ memoriæ Ingerranus pater meus et domina Clementia mater mea”, with the consent of “Alix uxor mea, liberi nostri Rainaldus, Odo, Isabellis”, by charter dated 1231[739].  “Joannes de Crepicordio miles...et filii mei...Reginaldus et Odardus et domina Alidis uxor” renounced claims to land of “Vuilelmi de Gerboredo...tanquam hœredem proximiorem” in favour of the bishop of Beauvais by charter dated 1240[740]

-         SEIGNEURS de CREVECŒUR

ii)         EUDES de Crèvecœur (-after 1240).  “Joannes de Crepicordio armiger” confirmed a donation to Beaupré made by “bonæ memoriæ Ingerranus pater meus et domina Clementia mater mea”, with the consent of “Alix uxor mea, liberi nostri Rainaldus, Odo, Isabellis”, by charter dated 1231[741].  “Joannes de Crepicordio miles...et filii mei...Reginaldus et Odardus et domina Alidis uxor” renounced claims to land of “Vuilelmi de Gerboredo...tanquam hœredem proximiorem” in favour of the bishop of Beauvais by charter dated 1240[742]

iii)        ISABELLE de Crèvecœur .  “Joannes de Crepicordio armiger” confirmed a donation to Beaupré made by “bonæ memoriæ Ingerranus pater meus et domina Clementia mater mea”, with the consent of “Alix uxor mea, liberi nostri Rainaldus, Odo, Isabellis”, by charter dated 1231[743]

b)         GUY (-after Oct 1250).  “Guido de Crepicordio miles filius dominæ Clementiæ de Crepicordio” donated property to Beauvais Hôtel-Dieu by charter dated Oct 1250[744]

3.         MATHILDE de Crèvecœur (-after 1179).  “Hugo de Crevecuer...et uxor mea Ada et filii mei et filiæ meæ omnes...Ebrardus, Ingelranus, Matilda, Sara et Petronilla” donated “terra de Mormaisons” to Beauvais Saint-Lucien by undated charter[745]Hugo de Britolio” donated “decimam meam de Hulseia” to Variville on the entry of "filia mea Sara" as a nun, with the consent of "filii mei Ebrardus et Engerramus et filia mea Mathildis", by charter dated 1179[746]

4.         SARA de CrèvecœurHugo de Crevecuer...et uxor mea Ada et filii mei et filiæ meæ omnes...Ebrardus, Ingelranus, Matilda, Sara et Petronilla” donated “terra de Mormaisons” to Beauvais Saint-Lucien by undated charter[747]Hugo de Britolio” donated “decimam meam de Hulseia” to Variville on the entry of "filia mea Sara" as a nun, with the consent of "filii mei Ebrardus et Engerramus et filia mea Mathildis", by charter dated 1179, witnessed by "Manasserus de Britolio…"[748]Nun at Variville 1179. 

5.         PETRONILLE de Crèvecœur (-before 1194).  “Hugo de Crevecuer...et uxor mea Ada et filii mei et filiæ meæ omnes...Ebrardus, Ingelranus, Matilda, Sara et Petronilla” donated “terra de Mormaisons” to Beauvais Saint-Lucien by undated charter[749].  "Aelidis comitissa Claromontis et domina Britulli" confirmed the donation to the church of Breteuil by "Hugo de Crepicordio frater patris mei Galeranni" for the soul of "Petronille filie sue" and confirmed after his death by "Heverardus eius filius successor et heres" by charter dated 1194[750]

 

 

 

G.      SEIGNEURS du HOMMET

 

 

The following four generation reconstruction of the earliest supposed members of the Hommet family is based only on early 13th century charters as quoted by Stapleton[751].  The chronology appears stretched.  In particular, the 1239 charter quoted below indicates that the great-granddaughter of the first Robert du Hommet (supposedly adult before 1026) married a person who died in 1181.  In addition, there is some mutual contradiction between the documents cited by Stapleton, as highlighted below under the supposed great-granddaughter of the first Robert du Hommet.  The reconstruction is shown in square brackets to indicate uncertainty, considering that the accuracy of the documents cited by Stapleton (dated up to two centuries after the events which they purport to record) is unknown. 

 

1.         [ROBERT du Hommet .  Stapleton records a charter dated 1239 under which “William du Hommet, Constable of Normandy filius Ricardi de Humeto junioris” confirmed privileges of the priory of Saint-Fromond stating that it was founded during the time of Richard II Duke of Normandy (so before 1026) by “Robertus de Humeto” who was succeeded by his grandson and heir “William du Hommet[752]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is  not known.  Robert & his wife had one child]: 

a)         [--- du Hommet .  His/her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1239 cited below.  m ---.  Name not known.]  [One child]: 

i)          [GUILLAUME [I] du Hommet .  Stapleton records a charter dated 1239 under which “William du Hommet, Constable of Normandy filius Ricardi de Humeto junioris” confirmed privileges of the priory of Saint-Fromond stating that it was founded during the time of Richard II Duke of Normandy (so before 1026) by “Robertus de Humeto” who was succeeded by his grandson and heir “William du Hommet[753].  He is named Connétable de Normandie in the 1213 charter cited under his daughter below.  m ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is  not known.]  Guillaume [I] & his wife had [one child]:

(a)       [daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 1213 under which Guillaume du Hommet granted to Roger de Saint-Lo “the chapel of Sainte Catherine, in the parish of Le Desert” including rent which “Guillelmus de Humeto constabularius avus meus” had donated before he married his daughter to “Ricardo” (“antequam filiam suam maritasset Ricardo”)[754].  Assuming that the information recorded in this charter is factually correct (about which there must be some doubt as pointed out above), this person must have been Richard’s first wife as she would have been the mother of his oldest son.  Another document confuses the issue: by undated charter “Richard du Hommet, Constable of King Henry [Henry II], grandson of William du Hommet abovenamed” donated tithes from mills to Saint-Fromond by undated charter[755].  Richard would have been the son-in-law not grandson of Guillaume [I] du Hommet assuming that the information included in the 1213 document is correct, although “grandson” in Stapleton’s translated summary of the undated charter presumably represents his translation (maybe incorrect?) of the Latin term.  m as his first wife, RICHARD [du Hommet], son of ROBERT & his wife --- (-[1180/81]).] 

 

 

1.         SIMON du Hommet (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Sym de Humez" in Essex[756]

 

2.         ROBERT (-after 1130).  Domesday Descendants says that he is recorded as "nepos episcopi" and is said to have been the grandson of Odo Bishop of Bayeux but comments that "the evidence is slight and ambiguous"[757].  Of course “nepos” could be interpreted both as grandson and as nephew.  The basis of the argument that the “episcopus” in question should be identified as Bishop Odo is not known.  Presumably another bishop could have been Robert’s grandfather/uncle.  Stapleton records an undated charter under which “Robert grandson of Bishop Odo” donated tithes to Saint-Fromond[758].  He does not specify whether the document in question specifically names Bishop Odo or whether this name represents his own speculation about the bishop’s identity.  Stapleton also records the “Roll of the Exchequer 31 Hen. I. 1130” which states that “Robertus nepos Episcopi” was “an accomptant pro placito bisse in Norhamtescira[759].  Robert’s identity as grandfather of Guillaume [II] du Hommet is confirmed by the following document: the Fine Roll “6 Joh. 1204” records a request for an inquisition made by “Simon de Eston” to ascertain whether “Simon de Eston, grandfather of him the said Simon” had mortgaged property to “Robert grandson [presumably nepos in the original, so ambiguous] of the Bishop, grandfather of William du Hommet the Constable[760]m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  It is suggested that she was related to the Verdun family as shown by the following charter which records that Bertram de Verdun was brought up by [her son] Richard du Hommet: “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit”, by undated charter[761].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         RICHARD [du Hommet] (-[1180/81]).  Assuming that his first marriage is correctly shown below, Richard adopted the name “du Hommet” after inheriting properties (including the right to the office Connétable de Normandie) from his first wife.  Connétable de Normandie: "Ricardo de Humez constabulario…Roberto de Dunstanvilla…" witnessed the charter dated to [1152/54] under which Henri Duke of Normandy ceded the former house of "Conani thesaurarii" to Bayeux until his heirs paid a debt[762].  "Ricardus de Humez constabularius, Richardus de Haia…Robertus de Dunstanvilla…" witnessed the charter dated under which Henri Duke of Normandy notified a judgment relating to the house of the late "Conani thesaurarii" by charter dated to [1152/54][763].  Richard de Bohon Bishop of Coutances notified "…Ricardo de Hometo constabulo regis…" that he had placed a priest of the church of Thaon by charter dated to [1164][764].  "Guillelmus de Humeto" [identified as his son Guillaume [II] du Hommet?] confirmed the donation to Bayeux of the church of Hérils made by "Roberti de Novo Burgo" by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "…Ricardo de Humeto…"[765].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Ricardi de Humez" held two knights fees in Sussex under the Earl of Arundel[766].  “Ricardus de Humet constabularius Henrici regis Angliæ” donated the church of St. Andrew, Stanford to Stanford Nunnery by charter dated 3 Feb 1170[767].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Ricardus de Humeto" with 3 and a half knights "de honore de Hummeto" and 18 knights in his own service[768].  “Ricardus de Humet constabularius regis Angliæ” confirmed the foundation of Aulnay, including donations made by “Jordani de Saio et Luciæ uxoris eius” and by himself and “Agnetis uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Enguerrani et Jordani”, by undated charter[769].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aulnay, including donations by "Richardi de Humetis et Agnetis uxoris sue, filie et heredis predicti Jordani" with the agreement of "Guillelmi de Humetis et Engerranni et Jordani filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1181/89][770].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1181 of "Richardus de Humet constabularius regis", adding that he had lived one and a half years as a monk "in abbatia de Alneto" [Aulnay] which he had built and that he left "filios suos heredes suæ terræ…Guillermum, Enjorannum, Jordanum"[771].  There must be some doubt about this year of death in light of the charter dated 1180 under which Henry II King of England confirmed "Willelmo de Humetis constabulariam meam" in his office previously held by "Ricardus de Humetis pater suus"[772].  [m [firstly] --- du Hommet, daughter of GUILLAUME du Hommet [Connétable de Normandie] & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 1213 under which Guillaume du Hommet granted to Roger de Saint-Lo “the chapel of Sainte Catherine, in the parish of Le Desert” including rent which “Guillelmus de Humeto constabularius avus meus” had donated before he married his daughter to “Ricardo” (“antequam filiam suam maritasset Ricardo”)[773].  Assuming that the information recorded in this charter is factually correct (about which there must be some doubt as pointed out above), this person must have been Richard’s first wife as she would have been the mother of his oldest son.  Another document confuses the issue: by undated charter “Richard du Hommet, Constable of King Henry [Henry II], grandson of William du Hommet abovenamed” donated tithes from mills to Saint-Fromond by undated charter[774].  Richard would have been the son-in-law not grandson of Guillaume [I] du Hommet assuming that the information included in the 1213 document is correct, although “grandson” in Stapleton’s translated summary of the undated charter presumably represents his translation (maybe incorrect?) of the Latin term.]  m [secondly] AGNES de Say, daughter of JORDAN de Say & his wife Lucy ---.  Her parentage and marriage are referred to in Domesday Descendants[775].  Richard du Hommet donated property to Aunay with the consent of "uxore mea Agnete et filiis meis Willelmo, Engerranno et Jordano" by undated charter[776].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Richardi de Humetis et Agnetis uxoris sue, filie et heredis predicti Jordani" with the agreement of "Guillelmi de Humetis et Engerranni et Jordani filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1181/89][777].  Richard & his [first] wife had one child: 

i)          GUILLAUME [II] du Hommet (-after 1213).  “Ricardus de Humet constabularius regis Angliæ” confirmed the foundation of Aulnay, including donations made by “Jordani de Saio et Luciæ uxoris eius” and by himself and “Agnetis uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Enguerrani et Jordani”, by undated charter[778]

-         see below

Richard & his [first/second] wife had [four] children: 

ii)         ENGUERRAND du Hommet .  “Ricardus de Humet constabularius regis Angliæ” confirmed the foundation of Aulnay, including donations made by “Jordani de Saio et Luciæ uxoris eius” and by himself and “Agnetis uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Enguerrani et Jordani”, by undated charter[779].  Robert of Torigny names "Guillermum, Enjorannum, Jordanum" as the sons and heirs of "Richardus de Humet constabularius regis" when recording his death[780].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Richardi de Humetis et Agnetis uxoris sue, filie et heredis predicti Jordani" with the agreement of "Guillelmi de Humetis et Engerranni et Jordani filiorum suorum" and of "Engueranni de Humetis…concessu Cecilie uxoris sue et Henrici filii sui", by charter dated to [1181/89][781]m CECILE de Semilly, daughter of GUILLAUME de Semilly & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1181/98] under which her son "Willelmus de Similleio, filius Enguerrandi de Humeto" confirmed the donation of the church of Pert to Bayeux by "Willelmus de Similleio avus noster" with the consent of "Ceciliæ filiæ et hæredis suæ et matris nostræ"[782].  "Cæcilia filia Willelmi de Similleio" confirmed the donation of the church of Pert to Bayeux by "Willelmus de Similleio pater meus" by charter dated to [1181/98][783].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Engueranni de Humetis…concessu Cecilie uxoris sue et Henrici filii sui", by charter dated to [1181/89][784].  Enguerrand & his wife had two children: 

(a)       GUILLAUME de Semilly [de Say] .  "Willelmus de Similleio, filius Enguerrandi de Humeto" confirmed the donation of the church of Pert to Bayeux by "Willelmus de Similleio avus noster" with the consent of "Ceciliæ filiæ et hæredis suæ et matris nostræ", by charter dated to [1181/98], later confirmed by Henri Bishop of Bayeux[785].  "Jordano de Humetis, Ricardo de Humetis, Baudewino Wac…Bartholomeo de Mortuo mari..:Willelmo de Sae, Henrico de Humetis fratre suo…" witnessed the charter dated to the late 12th century under which "Lucia de Humetis" donated revenue from land at Bradecroft, near Stamford to Southwick priory, Lincolnshire[786]

(b)       HENRI du Hommet .  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Engueranni de Humetis…concessu Cecilie uxoris sue et Henrici filii sui", by charter dated to [1181/89][787].  "Jordano de Humetis, Ricardo de Humetis, Baudewino Wac…Bartholomeo de Mortuo mari..:Willelmo de Sae, Henrico de Humetis fratre suo…" witnessed the charter dated to the late 12th century under which "Lucia de Humetis" donated revenue from land at Bradecroft, near Stamford to Southwick priory, Lincolnshire[788]

iii)        JORDAN du Hommet .  “Ricardus de Humet constabularius regis Angliæ” confirmed the foundation of Aulnay, including donations made by “Jordani de Saio et Luciæ uxoris eius” and by himself and “Agnetis uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Enguerrani et Jordani”, by undated charter[789].  Robert of Torigny names "Guillermum, Enjorannum, Jordanum" as the sons and heirs of "Richardus de Humet constabularius regis" when recording his death[790].  [The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Jordanus de Humeto" with 3 knights "de feodo de Cliville" and 13 knights in his own service[791].  The chronology of the family suggests the possibility that this Jordan du Hommet was the same person as the son of Richard du Hommet.]  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Richardi de Humetis et Agnetis uxoris sue, filie et heredis predicti Jordani" with the agreement of "Guillelmi de Humetis et Engerranni et Jordani filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1181/89][792].  "Jordano de Humetis, Ricardo de Humetis, Baudewino Wac…Bartholomeo de Mortuo mari..:Willelmo de Sae, Henrico de Humetis fratre suo…" witnessed the charter dated to the late 12th century under which "Lucia de Humetis" donated revenue from land at Bradecroft, near Stamford to Southwick priory, Lincolnshire[793]

iv)       [AGATHA du Hommet .  Her first marriage and parentage are confirmed by the Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii which records the death "XVIII Kal Jul" in 1212 of "Gaufridus dominus Filgeriarum, filius Willelmi et Agathæ, filiæ Willelmi de Humeto"[794].  The primary source which confirms that Richard was her father has not yet been identified, but from a chronological point of view this appears likely to be correct.  Her second marriage is indicated by the charter dated Mar [1230/31] under which “Fulco Paganelli” gave security to Louis IX King of France on behalf of “Radulpho de Filgeriis nepoti meo” relating to “terram suam in Normannia[795]m firstly GUILLAUME de Fougères, son of RAOUL [II] Seigneur de Fougères & his wife Mathilde --- (-7 Jun 1187).  m secondly FULK [II] Paynel[796], son of FULK [I] Paynell of Hambye & his wife Lesceline de Subligny (-after 25 Jun 1215).] 

v)        [daughter (-after 14 Jul 1223).  Dame de Glos.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the following document, assuming that the term “avunculus” is interpreted in its strict sense of maternal uncle, and assuming the avunculus in question can be identified as Guillaume [II] du Hommet: a list of Querimoniæ Normannorum, dated 1247, includes a document recording that “Robertus de Montfort miles” won a lawsuit against “Willelmus de Humeto avunculus eius” [presumably Guillaume [II] du Hommet], during the reign of Philippe II King of France, relating to “terram quam possederat mater ipsius apud Gloz de matrimonio suo” which she had continued to hold after King Philippe died, but that “dominus rex qui nunc est” [King Louis IX] refused to return the land to Robert who claimed to be “heredum dicti Willelmi propinquorum”, noting that “dictus Willelmus” died “MCCXI tercio, circa Ascensionem Domini[797].  Considering the numerous descendants of Guillaume [II] du Hommet, it is difficult to see how Robert de Montfort could have successfully claimed to have been the heir of his “propinquorum”.  m --- de Montfort, son of ---.  The Norman family named Montfort, referred to in the 1247 document quoted above, has not been identified with certainty although Montfort family in England hyperlinked here, in which Robert was a family name, appears to be the most likely possibility.] 

 

 

GUILLAUME [II] du Hommet, son of RICHARD [du Hommet] Connétable de Normandie & his [first wife --- du Hommet] (-after 1213).  “Ricardus de Humet constabularius regis Angliæ” confirmed the foundation of Aulnay, including donations made by “Jordani de Saio et Luciæ uxoris eius” and by himself and “Agnetis uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Enguerrani et Jordani”, by undated charter[798].  Robert of Torigny names "Guillermum, Enjorannum, Jordanum" as the sons and heirs of "Richardus de Humet constabularius regis" when recording his death[799].  ["Guillelmus de Humeto" [identified as Guillaume [II] du Hommet?] confirmed the donation to Bayeux of the church of Hérils made by "Roberti de Novo Burgo" by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "…Ricardo de Humeto…" [his father?][800].]  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Richardi de Humetis et Agnetis uxoris sue, filie et heredis predicti Jordani" with the agreement of "Guillelmi de Humetis et Engerranni et Jordani filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1181/89][801].  Connétable de Normandie.  Henry II King of England confirmed "Willelmo de Humetis constabulariam meam" in his office previously held by "Ricardus de Humetis pater suus" by charter dated 1180[802].  “Willelmus de Humeto domini regis constabularius” donated “totam terram meam in Lengronia”, except land held from him by “Gervasia de Saeio sicut de primogenito et...Jordanus de Maisnillo et...Willelmus Cotele”, to Aulnay Sainte-Marie, with the consent of “filiorum meorum...Richardi de Humeto et Willelmi et Henrici et Jordani et Thomæ et Enguerranni”, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris meæ et Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1190[803].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Willelmus de Homez" paying "xx s, i militem" in Hampshire[804].  "Willelmus de Humeto constabularius Normanniæ" donated half the church of Louvières to Bayeux, in the presence of "Jordano filio meo episcopo Lexoviensi", by charter dated to [1202/05], which names "Ricardi patris mei"[805].  “Willielmus de Humeth” donated property to Stanford Nunnery, confirmed by King John by charter dated 22 Nov [1199/1205][806].  Guillaume du Hommet donated property to the priory of Sainte-Marguerite de Vignats, in the presence of “Thomas du Hommet his son and of William du Hommet his grandson”, by charter dated to 1204 or before[807].  Guillaume du Hommet granted to Roger de Saint-Lo “the chapel of Sainte Catherine, in the parish of Le Desert” including rent which “Guillelmus de Humeto constabularius avus meus” had donated before he married his daughter to “Ricardo” (“antequam filiam suam maritasset Ricardo”), by charter dated 1213[808].  The document quoted above, in the list of Querimoniæ Normannorum dated 1247, records that “dictus Willelmus” [indicating Guillaume [II] du Hommet] died “MCCXI tercio, circa Ascensionem Domini[809], a date which is inconsistent with the 1213 charter quoted above. 

m LUCY, daughter of ---.  "Lucia de Humetis" donated revenue from land at Bradecroft, near Stamford to Southwick priory, Lincolnshire, for the souls of "domini mei Willelmi de Humetis et Ricardi filii mei", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Jordano de Humetis, Ricardo de Humetis, Baudewino Wac…Bartholomeo de Mortuo mari..:Willelmo de Sae, Henrico de Humetis fratre suo…"[810].  Her family origin is indicated by the following document: a charter dated 1232, recording donations to the monks of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte residing at the priory of la Luthumière, states that “Guillaume du Hommet concessionnaire de la Luthumière” had married “Luce, héritière des biens d’Adam de Bruys, son aïeul[811].  “Lucia uxor domini Willielmi de Humet constabularii domini regis” donated "terra mea de Bradecrofd" to Stanford Nunnery, with the consent of "domini mei Willielmi et Ricardi filii mei", by undated charter witnessed by "Jordano de Humet, Ricardo de Humet, Willielmo de Sae, Henrico fratre suo…"[812].  “Willelmus de Humeto domini regis constabularius” donated “totam terram meam in Lengronia” to Aulnay Sainte-Marie, with the consent of “filiorum meorum...Richardi de Humeto et Willelmi et Henrici et Jordani et Thomæ et Enguerranni”, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris meæ et Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1190[813].  It is unclear from the wording of this document whether Lucy was alive or deceased at the time. 

Guillaume [II] & his wife had six children: 

1.         RICHARD du Hommet (-before 1204).  "Lucia de Humetis" donated revenue from land at Bradecroft, near Stamford to Southwick priory, Lincolnshire, for the souls of "domini mei Willelmi de Humetis et Ricardi filii mei", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Jordano de Humetis, Ricardo de Humetis, Baudewino Wac…Bartholomeo de Mortuo mari..:Willelmo de Sae, Henrico de Humetis fratre suo…"[814].  “Lucia uxor domini Willielmi de Humet constabularii domini regis” donated "terra mea de Bradecrofd" to Stanford Nunnery, with the consent of "domini mei Willielmi et Ricardi filii mei", by undated charter witnessed by "Jordano de Humet, Ricardo de Humet, Willielmo de Sae, Henrico fratre suo…"[815].  “Willelmus de Humeto domini regis constabularius” donated “totam terram meam in Lengronia” to Aulnay Sainte-Marie, with the consent of “filiorum meorum...Richardi de Humeto et Willelmi et Henrici et Jordani et Thomæ et Enguerranni”, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris meæ et Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1190[816].  He predeceased his father as shown by his father’s charter dated to 1204 or before (see below) which names Richard’s son Guillaume.  m GILLE de la Haye, daughter of RICHARD de la Haye & his wife Mathilde [de Vernon].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Willelmus Longespei et Idonea uxor eius" against "Oliuero de Ayncurt et Nicholæ uxori eius" concerning "manerium de Dudingtona", inherited from "Nicholaæ de Haya avie ipsius Idonee cuius heres ipsa est" which names "Gerardum de Kaunuilla et Nicholaam uxorem eius Ricardum de Humaz et Juliam uxorem eius et Willelmum de Rullos et Isabellam uxorem eius" as "filias et heredes Ricardi de Haya"[817].  Richard & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME du Hommet (-23 Aug [1239/May 1243]).  Guillaume du Hommet donated property to the priory of Sainte-Marguerite de Vignats, in the presence of “Thomas du Hommet his son and of William du Hommet his grandson”, by charter dated to 1204 or before[818].  Connétable de Normandie.  Guillaume du Hommet donated the chapel of Sainte-Catherine in the parish of Le Desert to “the brethren of the Holy Trinity”, in whose favour “his wife Eustachia had there founded a priory”, by charter dated 1238[819].  His parentage is confirmed by the following document.  “William du Hommet, Constable of Normandy filius Ricardi de Humeto junioris” confirmed privileges of the priory of Saint-Fromond stating that it was founded during the time of Richard II Duke of Normandy (so before 1026) by “Robertus de Humeto” who was succeeded by his grandson and heir “William du Hommet” by charter dated 1239[820]The necrology of Péronne records the death "23 Aug" of "domini Willelmi de Humeto, connestabularii Normanniæ, cujus uxor domum istam fundavit"[821]m EUSTACHIE, daughter of --- (-4 May 1254).  Guillaume du Hommet donated the chapel of Sainte-Catherine in the parish of Le Desert to “the brethren of the Holy Trinity”, in whose favour “his wife Eustachia had there founded a priory”, by charter dated 1238[822]The necrology of Péronne records the death "4 May 1254" of "domina Eustachia, fundatrix istius domus"[823]  

2.         GUILLAUME du Hommet .  “Willelmus de Humeto domini regis constabularius” donated “totam terram meam in Lengronia” to Aulnay Sainte-Marie, with the consent of “filiorum meorum...Richardi de Humeto et Willelmi et Henrici et Jordani et Thomæ et Enguerranni”, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris meæ et Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1190[824]HENRI du Hommet .  “Willelmus de Humeto domini regis constabularius” donated “totam terram meam in Lengronia” to Aulnay Sainte-Marie, with the consent of “filiorum meorum...Richardi de Humeto et Willelmi et Henrici et Jordani et Thomæ et Enguerranni”, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris meæ et Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1190[825]

3.         JORDAN du Hommet .  “Willelmus de Humeto domini regis constabularius” donated “totam terram meam in Lengronia” to Aulnay Sainte-Marie, with the consent of “filiorum meorum...Richardi de Humeto et Willelmi et Henrici et Jordani et Thomæ et Enguerranni”, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris meæ et Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1190[826].  "Willelmus de Humeto constabularius Normanniæ" donated half the church of Louvières to Bayeux, in the presence of "Jordano filio meo episcopo Lexoviensi", by charter dated to [1202/05], which names "Ricardi patris mei"[827]

4.         THOMAS du Hommet .  “Willelmus de Humeto domini regis constabularius” donated “totam terram meam in Lengronia” to Aulnay Sainte-Marie, with the consent of “filiorum meorum...Richardi de Humeto et Willelmi et Henrici et Jordani et Thomæ et Enguerranni”, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris meæ et Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1190[828].  Guillaume du Hommet donated property to the priory of Sainte-Marguerite de Vignats, in the presence of “Thomas du Hommet his son and of William du Hommet his grandson”, by charter dated to 1204 or before[829]

5.         ENGUERRAND du Hommet .  “Willelmus de Humeto domini regis constabularius” donated “totam terram meam in Lengronia” to Aulnay Sainte-Marie, with the consent of “filiorum meorum...Richardi de Humeto et Willelmi et Henrici et Jordani et Thomæ et Enguerranni”, for the souls of “meæ, patris et matris meæ et Luciæ uxoris meæ”, by charter dated 1190[830]same person as...?  ENGUERRAND du Hommet (-1220).  His date of death is confirmed by the 1220 judgment quoted below.  Another possibility is that the father of the daughter shown below was Enguerrand du Hommet, brother of Guillaume [II] du Hommet (see above).  m ---.  The name of Enguerrand’s wife is not known.  Enguerrand & his wife had one child: 

a)         daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the following document: judgments given in the Echiquier de Normandie, in 1220, include the decision awarding “Aupegart”, held by “idem Engerranus…quando obiit, et qui obiit in hoc anno”, to “Johannes de Bruecort ex parte uxoris sue qui fuit filia primogenita Engerranni de Hommeto et heres eius propinquior” as agreed with “W. de Hommet conestabularium Normannie qui terram illam petit…[831]m JEAN de Bruecourt, son of --- (-after 1220). 

6.         AGNES du Hommet (-before 12 Nov 1223).  King John confirmed "terra de Wichenson [Winchendon, Buckinghamshire] q Willelmus de Humet pater suus dedit ei in maritagium per manu H. Reg patris nostri" to "Agneti Wak" by order dated 23 Mar 1207[832].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Agnes Wake" holding "medietatem de Winchende" in Buckinghamshire in [1210/12][833].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1221, by "abbas de Nutelegha" against "Agnetem Wace" for "medietatem manerii de Winchendona" which she said "Willelmus de Humet pater suis dedit ei in maritagium"[834].  An order dated 12 Nov 1223 relates to payment of the fine made by "Ranulf de Vernay", while Agnes was still alive, for marrying "Agnes Wake…without the licence…of the king"[835]m firstly (before 1189) BALDWIN Wake, son of HUGH Wake & his wife Emma de Clare (-before Nov 1198).  m secondly RANULPH de Vernay, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         --- du Hommetm JEANNE de Coulonges, daughter of --- (-3 Oct 1299).  The necrology of Péronne records the death "3 Oct 1299" of "domina Johanna de Colonciis condam domina de Humeto" and her donation[836]

 

 

 

H.      SEIGNEURS d’IVRY (GOËL)

 

 

1.         ROBERT d'Ivry, son of --- (-[before 1050]).  If the speculation about the parentage of his wife is correct as discussed below, Robert must have died before [1050/1060] (the precise date depends on the dating of a donation to Ouche made by Albreda’s supposed second husband, about which there is some doubt, see below) as his wife’s son by her supposed second marriage died in [1070 or 1080] when he was a young adult.  m as her first husband, ALBREDA, daughter of ---.  Chibnall speculates that she may have been Albreda, [illegitimate] daughter of Hugues d'Ivry Bishop of Bayeux & his [wife/mistress ---], which may have provided her grandson with a claim to Ivry by inheritance[837], assuming that her supposed illegitimacy presented no obstacle.  This parentage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[838] but it is not known whether this is based on a specific primary source or on Chibnall’s speculation.   She married [secondly] ([1050] or [1060]) Albert de Cravent: Orderic Vitalis who records that “Radulfus tiro filius Alberti de Crevento” attacked “Guitmundum monachum...Manlia venientem in valle Guidonis” who returned on foot to Pacy and begged “Albertum” to protect him from “filium sibi”, on which “Alberada uxor eius” burst into tears, adding in a later passage that Raoul repented before he died, after which Albert in 1070 donated “medietatem decimæ de Ulmeio” to Ouche Saint-Evroul[839].  There must be some doubt about the date of this event because Orderic Vitalis records Geoffroy Bishop of Chartres in the dating clause, although in another passage he records the appointment of Bishop Geoffroy in 1077[840].  Le Prévost suggests that the donation should be redated to 1080[841].  Robert & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ROBERT d'Ivry .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  m HILDEBURGE de Gallardon, daughter of HERVE Seigneur de Gallardon & his wife Beatrix --- (-3 Jun [1116 or after], bur Pontoise Saint-Martin).  The Vita Dominæ Hildeburgis names “Hildiburgis…de nobili prosapia in pago Carnotensi Castro Galardone exorta”, her parents “pater…Herveus Castri Galardonis dominus…genetrix…Beatrix”, and her husband “Roberto Ibriensi”, adding that she refused to remarry after her husband died[842].  "Femina Hildeburgis de nobili prosapia in pago Carnotensi castro Galardone exorta" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise by charter dated during the reign of Philippe I King of France which names "pater…Hervæus Castri Galardonis…dominus…genitrix…Beatrix" and specifies that she married "Roberto Ibriensi" by whom she had three sons "primus Ascelinus cognomento Goellus, secundus Willelmus…milites…tertius Robertus clericus"[843].  "Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise with the consent of "Goellus…uxoremque suam Isabel filiosque suos Willelmum atque Robertum" by charter dated [1116][844].  The former document records the death of "Hildeburgis sanctimonialis…III Non Iun" and her burial "in ecclesia S Martini Pontisariensis".  The Vita Dominæ Hildeburgis records the death “III Non Iun” of “Hildiburgis Sanctimonialis” and her burial “in ecclesia beati Martini Pontisariensis[845].  Robert & his wife had three children: 

i)          ASCELIN Goël (-after [1116]).  The Vita Dominæ Hildeburgis names “primus Ascelinus cognominatus Goellus, secundus Wiltinus…[miles], tertius Roberti clericali ordine” as the three children of “Roberto Ibriensi” and his wife “Hildiburgis[846].  "Primus Ascelinus cognomento Goellus, secundus Willelms…milites…tertius Robertus clericus" are named as the three sons of "Roberto Ibriensi" & his wife under their mother's charter donating property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise[847].  Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Goellus de Breherii-valle" seized the castle of Ivry-la-Bataille (Eure) from Guillaume de Breteuil and surrendered it to Robert [III] Duke of Normandy[848]Orderic Vitalis records that, two years after the death of King William I [1089], “Ascelinus cognomento Goellus” captured “arcem Ibreii” from “Guillelmo Bretoliensi domino suo” and surrendered it to Duke Robert who resold it to Guillaume de Breteuil for “MD libras”, triggering a lengthy war[849]The same source records that, during the course of the war, “Guillelmum Bretoliensem” was captured and imprisoned, after which he agreed to the marriage of “Isabel filiam suam” to “Goello” as part of the peace agreement, dated to [1092][850]The resulting war with Guillaume ended with the latter's capture and agreement to Ascelin's marriage to his daughter[851].  Another untraced family connection of Ascelin is indicated by a charter dated 1066 under which "Richardus Herluini filius, comitis Galerani Mellenti nepos" [vicomte de Meulan] donated property to Coulombs[852], and a note in the cartulary of Coulombs, following this charter, which records that "Richardus" became a monk "cum filiis [Jordanum et Robertum]" at Coulombs where "habuerunt quemdam cognatum Ascelinum cognomento Goellum", and a second note that "Ascelinus Goellus" was the heir after the death of Richard’s sons Jourdain and Robert[853].  "Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise with the consent of "Goellus…uxoremque suam Isabel filiosque suos Willelmum atque Robertum" by charter dated [1116][854]m ([1092]) ISABEL de Breteuil, [illegitimate] daughter of GUILLAUME de Breteuil & [his mistress ---] (-after [1116]).  Orderic Vitalis records that “Guillelmum Bretoliensem” agreed to the marriage of “Isabel filiam suam” to “Goello” as part of the peace agreement between them, dated to [1092][855]The Vita Dominæ Hildeburgis names “Elisabeth” as wife of “Goellus[856].  She must have been illegitimate as the chronicler says in another passage that her father's marriage was childless[857], unless she was born from an earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage of her father.  The charter recording the donation of "femina Hildeburgis…" to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise (see above) names "Elisabeth" as wife of her son "Ascelinus…Goellus" and their sons "Robertus et Willelmus"[858].  "Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise with the consent of "Goellus…uxoremque suam Isabel filiosque suos Willelmum atque Robertum" by charter dated [1116][859].  Ascelin & his wife had [five or more] children: 

(a)       ROBERT d'Ivry (-after 1118).  The Vita Dominæ Hildeburgis names “Robertus et Wiltinus” as sons of “Goellus” and his wife “Elisabeth[860].  The charter recording the donation of "femina Hildeburgis…" to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise (see above) names "Elisabeth" as wife of her son "Ascelinus…Goellus" and their sons "Robertus et Willelmus"[861].  "Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise with the consent of "Goellus…uxoremque suam Isabel filiosque suos Willelmum atque Robertum" by charter dated [1116][862].  "Robert son of Ascelin Goël" joined the rebellion against Henry I King of England in 1118, but rejoined the king who committed the castle of Ivry to him to guarantee his loyalty[863]m ---, daughter of ---.  Raoul "le Rouge" de Pont-Echanfray was brother-in-law of Robert Goël, according to Orderic Vitalis[864]

(b)       GUILLAUME "Lovel" d'Ivry (-after 1153).  The Vita Dominæ Hildeburgis names “Robertus et Wiltinus” as sons of “Goellus” and his wife “Elisabeth[865].  The charter recording the donation of "femina Hildeburgis…" to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise (see above) names "Elisabeth" as wife of her son "Ascelinus…Goellus" and their sons "Robertus et Willelmus"[866].  "Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise with the consent of "Goellus…uxoremque suam Isabel filiosque suos Willelmum atque Robertum" by charter dated [1116][867].  Son of Ascelin according to Orderic Vitalis, who specifies that he inherited the castle of Ivry after the death of his brother Robert and records his marriage[868].  He rebelled against Henry I King of England in Sep 1123, with his brothers-in-law Waléran de Meulan, Hugues de Montfort and Hugues de Châteauneuf[869].  Robert of Torigny records "discordia inter Symonem comitem Ebroicensem" and "filios Ascelini Goelli, scilicet et Willermum Lupellum et Rogerium Balbosum" in 1153[870]m ([1120]) MATHILDE de Beaumont, daughter of ROBERT de Beaumont-le-Roger Comte de Meulan, Earl of Leicester & his wife Elisabeth de Vermandois [Capet].  Orderic Vitalis records Waleran Comte de Meulan having three sisters (whom he does not name), one of whom he married to "Guillaume Lovel son of Ascelin"[871].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

(c)       brothers .  Orderic Vitalis records that they were given as hostages to Henry I King of England to guarantee the good conduct of their brother Robert[872]

(d)       ROGER "Balbosus" (-after 1153).  Robert of Torigny records "discordia inter Symonem comitem Ebroicensem" and "filios Ascelini Goelli, scilicet et Willermum Lupellum et Rogerium Balbosum" in 1153[873]

Ascelin had [two] illegitimate children by an unknown mistress: 

(e)        ROBERT (-after [1116]).  "Roberti Bastardi Rufi filii eiusdem Goelli, Gauterii de Sparnone fratris eiusdem Roberti" subscribed the charter dated [1116] under which "Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise[874]

(f)         [GAUTHIER (-after [1116]).  "Roberti Bastardi Rufi filii eiusdem Goelli, Gauterii de Sparnone fratris eiusdem Roberti" subscribed the charter dated [1116] under which "Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise[875].  It is assumed that Gauthier was also the son of Ascelin Goël, although the wording of this charter does not exclude the possibility that he was the uterine brother of Robert.] 

ii)         GUILLAUME Goël .  The Vita Dominæ Hildeburgis names “primus Ascelinus cognominatus Goellus, secundus Wiltinus…[miles], tertius Roberti clericali ordine” as the three children of “Roberto Ibriensi” and his wife “Hildiburgis[876].  "Primus Ascelinus cognomento Goellus, secundus Willelms…milites…tertius Robertus clericus" are named as the three sons of "Roberto Ibriensi" & his wife under their mother's charter donating property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise[877].  He was tried by Guillaume de Breteuil for having "done an injury to a certain woman at Pacy", providing the pretext for his brother's attack on Ivry[878]

iii)        ROBERT .  The Vita Dominæ Hildeburgis names “primus Ascelinus cognominatus Goellus, secundus Wiltinus…[miles], tertius Roberti clericali ordine” as the three children of “Roberto Ibriensi” and his wife “Hildiburgis[879].  "Primus Ascelinus cognomento Goellus, secundus Willelms…milites…tertius Robertus clericus" are named as the three sons of "Roberto Ibriensi" & his wife under their mother's charter donating property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise[880]

b)         [ROGER d'Ivry (-after 24 Apr 1089).  No information has so far been found on the parentage of Roger, but presumably he was closely connected to Robert d'Ivry, husband of Aubrée.  Seigneur d'Ivry.  Pincerna of William I King of England.  He founded the abbey of Ivry-la-Balluis[881].  An undated manuscript records that “Robertus de Oili” built "castellum Oxonii” in 1072 and that "Robertus de Oili et Rogerus de Iveri" built the church of St George in Oxford castle in 1074[882].  Domesday Book records land held by “Roger d’Ivry” in Bucklebury, Eagle, Blewbury and Gainfield Hundreds in Berkshire, land in Ixhill, Mursley and Rowley Hundreds in Buckinghamshire, and "Robert d’Oilly and Roger d’Ivry" holding Stowe in Buckinghamshire from the bishop of Bayeux in Buckinghamshire and Arncott from the abbot of Abingdon St Mary in Oxfordshire, "Roger d’Ivry" other properties in Oxfordshire[883].  His parentage has not yet been ascertained, but from a chronological point of view he could have been the son of Guillaume d’Ivry.  The joint activities with Robert de Oilly suggest a family relationship.  He held Cottisford from his father-in-law in 1086 in Domesday Book[884].]  m ADELINE de Grantmesnil, daughter of HUGUES de Grantmesnil & his wife Adelisa [Aelis] de Beaumont-sur-Oise (-[1110/11]).  Orderic Vitalis names “Adelinam et Hadvisam, Rochesiam et Mathildem et Agnetem” as the daughters of “Hugo de Grentemaisnilio” and his wife “Adelidem filiam Ivonis comitis de Bellomonte”, adding that Adeline married “Rogerio de Ibreio[885].  Domesday Book records “the wife of Roger d’Ivry” holding land in Islip, Kiddington and Oddington in Oxfordshire[886].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "nobilis...matrona Athelina de Hiuerio" donated land "apud...Faineote" to Abingdon in [1110/11] and that “filia eiusdem Adeliz” later confirmed the donation[887].  She died soon after making grants to Abingdon Abbey in [1110/11][888].  Roger & his wife had one child: 

i)          ADELISE d'Ivry (-after [Jun] 1133).  Daughter and heiress of Roger d'Ivry and Adelina de Grantmesnil, she is named in her mother's grants to Abingdon Abbey in [1110/11].  The Chronicle of Abingdon records that "nobilis...matrona Athelina de Hiuerio" donated land "apud...Faineote" to Abingdon in [1110/11] and that “filia eiusdem Adeliz” later confirmed the donation[889].  King Henry I confirmed the donation of "the manor of Rowington in Warwickshire" to Reading St Mary made by “Adelicia de Evereio”, by charter dated [Jun] 1133[890].  Domesday Descendants says that this is the last recorded reference to her[891]

c)         [HUGUES d’Ivry (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Hugh d’Ivry” holding Ambrosden from the king in Oxfordshire[892].  No information has so far been found on the parentage of Hugues, but presumably he was closely connected to Robert d'Ivry, husband of Aubrée.] 

 

 

 

I.        SEIGNEURS de TILLY

 

 

Tilly-sur-Seulles is situated about 10 kilometres south-east of Bayeux and 15 kilometres west of Caen in the present-day French département of Calvados, arrondissement Caen, canton Tilly-sur-Seulles. 

 

La Roque identified as earliest ancestor of the Tilly family “Amfrid Sire de Tilly capitaine du chasteau de Hasting en Angleterre (l’an 1068) qui épousa Alix de Grentemesnil sœur de Hugues Sire de Grentemesnil[893].  This appears to refer to Honfroi de Tilleul, who married Adelise de Grantmesnil, Orderic Vitalis recording that “Hugo de Grentemaisnil, qui præsidatum Gewissorum, id est Guentanæ regionis” [presumably Hampshire] and “sororius eius Unfridus de Telliolo...Hastingas...custodiendum” returned to Normandy wanting to rejoin their wives, dated to [1068/69][894].  This couple’s three sons are shown in the document NORMANDY NOBILITY-ALENÇON, EVREUX, MEULAN, PERCHE, but no source has been identified which confirms that they left descendants.  It appears that La Roque was incorrect. 

 

 

The father of William/Guillaume FitzJohn is assumed to be named John/Jean.  Maybe he was the same person as William FitzJohn, son of John & his wife --- (see the document ENGLAND LORDS T-Z), named with his possible brothers in the [Jul] 1133 charter cited below.  Another possibility is that William [I] FitzJohn, connected with Harptree (see below), was related to Ascelin de Goël d’Ivry (see Part H. above): Domesday Book records “Azelin” (same person?) holding parts of East and West Harptree, Somerset from the Bishop of Coutances (another part of East Harptree was held by “Robert”, and of West Harptree by “Ralph” from “Walter de Douai”)[895]

 

1.         WILLIAM [I] FitzJohn ([before 1110?]-after 1180).  “...William fitz John” witnessed a charter of King Henry I dated 25 Dec [1128?][896].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Will fil Johis" in Somerset and Devon[897].  “...Payn fitz John, Eustace fitz John, William fitz John” witnessed a (possibly spurious) charter of King Henry I dated [Jul] 1133[898].  The three names together in this document suggests that the witnesses were brothers.  Orderic Vitalis records that "Guillelmus...filius Johannis" fortified “Harpetro” [Harptree, Somerset] during a rebellion against King Stephen (dated to 1138)[899].  “...Willelmo filio Johannis...” witnessed the charter dated to [1153] under which Henri Duke of Normandy [later King Henry II] granted fiefs in England to “Rodberto filio comitis Legecestrie” and others[900].  The 1155/56 Pipe Roll records "Will fil Johis" in Somerset[901].  "...Willelmus filius Johannis..." witnessed a charter of King Henry II dated 1157 which records an enquiry in Normandy[902].  The 1159/60 Pipe Roll records "Willo fil Johis" in Somerset[903].  Turner notes that King Henry II appointed William FitzJohn as guardian of his eldest son Henry, some time after Oct 1163[904].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the seven knights` fees held by "Willelmus filius Johannis" from the king in Dorset "de honore Moretoniæ"[905].  The 1171/72 Pipe Roll records "Willo fil Johis" in Somerset[906].  “Will fil Johis” was commissioned to rebuild “Reg de Buro”, roll dated 1180[907].  Grand sénéchal de Normandie.  The Statuta et consuetudines normanniæ were swornin tempore regis Henrici” [King Henry II] “[per barones suos et milites] Willelmum filium Johannis...[908].  m (before 1135, maybe before 1130) DENISE de Mandeville, daughter of RAOUL de Mandeville & his wife --- ([before 1120?]-before 1189).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the following document: by charter dated 24 May 1206, John King of England notified that “Galfridus de Mandeuill senior” had held “baroniam de Merswud [Marshwood, Dorset]”, father “[de] prima ux[ore] sua” of “Rob[ertus] de Mandeuill”, who was father of “alium Galfr[idum] de Mandeuill, scilicet Galfr[idum] de Cocre” who fathered “Rob[ertum] de Mandeuill patrem Rob[erti] de Mandeuill qui ius clamet in predicta baronia”, that the first named Geoffrey had by “aliam ux[orem]...Rad[ulfum] de Mandeuill...melior miles...quam Rob[ertus] primogenitus frater suus” who held Marshwood after his father died “per voluntatem reg[is] H[enrici]” [presumably King Henry I] and had “filiam Dionisiam...que nupta fuit Willelmo fil[io] Johannes tunc senesc[allum] Normann[ie]” who were parents of “Henr[icum] de Tylly”, and restored Marshwood to “predictus Rob[ertus] de Mandeuill et heredes sui” [the last-named Robert named above][909].  The charter dated [6 Apr 1200/5 Apr 1201] quoted below confirms that Denise was married during the reign of King Henry I and died during the reign of King Henry II.  Her husband’s mention in the Dorset 1129/30 Pipe Roll suggests that he held land in the county (Marshwood?) in the name of his wife which, if correct, would place their marriage to before that date.  William & his wife had three children: 

a)         HENRI [I] de Tilly (-after 24 May 1206).  His parentage is confirmed by the 24 May 1206 charter quoted above.  Seigneur de Tilly et de Fontaine-Henry.  “Hnr de Tilleio” was recorded paying fines in a roll dated 1198[910].  A charter dated [6 Apr 1200/5 Apr 1201] (2 John) records the settlement of disputes between “Hnr de Tilleio et Willm fil Johis fratrem suum” concerning their inheritance “ex parte patris eorum et matris tam in Norm quam in Angl”, specifying among other properties “in Angl honore de Harpetrou...”, naming “maritagium Cecilie sororis eorum...et Thome fil eius[911].  John King of England confirmed property in England and Normandy, as held by “Wills fil Johis pater suus et Dyonisa mater eius” during the reign of “Hnr Reg avi patris nri et...tempe Hnr Reg. patris nri” by order dated [6 Apr 1200/5 Apr 1201] (2 John)[912].  L’abbé de la Rue, in his discussion about the abbey of Ardenne, notes that “Henri de Tilli Seigneur Châtelain de Tilli, Seigneur de Fontaine-Henri, Cuie, Ecouché” donated “le patronage de Saint-Gervais de Cuie” dated to [1204], and donations made by “Gundrède de Montbray son épouse[913].  The wording of the 24 May 1206 charter quoted above under his mother suggests that Henri was alive at that date.  m GONDREDE de Montbray, daughter of ---.  L’abbé de la Rue, in his discussion about the abbey of Ardenne, notes that “Henri de Tilli Seigneur Châtelain de Tilli, Seigneur de Fontaine-Henri, Cuie, Ecouché” donated “le patronage de Saint-Gervais de Cuie” dated to [1204], and the donation made by “Gundrède de Montbray son épouse[914].  Longuemare says that she was “fille de Néel de Mombray, dame d’Ecouché et de Cuie” (no source cited)[915].  He is presumably referring to Nele [Nigel] de Mowbray, son of Roger de Mowbray, who died in 1191 (see the document ENGLAND LORDS L-O).  If “Montbray” and Mowbray were the same name (not confirmed), and if Henri [I] was born soon after his father’s marriage, the chronology suggests the likelihood that Gondrède would have belonged to the previous generation.  Henri & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUILLAUME [II] de Tilly (-before 28 Dec 1259)Seigneur de Tilly, de Cui et de Fontaine-Henry.  L’abbé de la Rue, in his discussion about the abbey of Ardenne, notes that “Henri de Tilli Seigneur Châtelain de Tilli, Seigneur de Fontaine-Henri, Cuie, Ecouché” donated “le patronage de Saint-Gervais de Cuie” dated to [1204], and donations made by “Gundrède de Montbray son épouse”, by “Guillaume de Tilli leur fils et Julienne de Fontaines son épouse[916]

-         see below

b)         WILLIAM FitzJohn (-after 1224).  A charter dated [6 Apr 1200/5 Apr 1201] (2 John) records the settlement of disputes between “Hnr de Tilleio et Willm fil Johis fratrem suum” concerning their inheritance “ex parte patris eorum et matris tam in Norm quam in Angl”, specifying among other properties “in Angl honore de Harpetrou...”, naming “maritagium Cecilie sororis eorum...et Thome fil eius[917].  Descendants:

-        GOURNAY FAMILY of HARPTREE

c)         CECILE (-after 1200).  A charter dated [6 Apr 1200/5 Apr 1201] (2 John) records the settlement of disputes between “Hnr de Tilleio et Willm fil Johis fratrem suum” concerning their inheritance “ex parte patris eorum et matris tam in Norm quam in Angl”, specifying among other properties “in Angl honore de Harpetrou...”, naming “maritagium Cecilie sororis eorum...et Thome fil eius[918].  The wording of the document suggests that Thomas was the son of Cécile, but this is not beyond doubt.  The name of Cécile’s husband has not been ascertained.  m ---. 

 

 

The precise relationship between the following family and the main Tilly family has not been ascertained. 

 

1.         OTES de Tilly .  He is named in the 1225 source quoted below.  m MABEL FitzRaven, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRaven & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the 1225 source quoted below.  Otes & his wife had one child: 

a)         DENISE de Tilly (-after 1211).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1225, noted by Bracton, by her son "Adam de Novo Mercato" against "Willelmum comitem Warenne et priorem de Lewes" for "ecclesiam de Hethfeldia…advocacionem", the defendant claiming that "Mabilie de Tylle…avia ipsius Ade" gave the advocacy to him, while the plaintiff claimed that "Mabilia…[et] Odonis de Tylli viri sui" gave "manerium de Hethfeldia" to "Henrico de Novo Mercato patri suo in maritagium cum filia eorum", and recording that "Willelmus filius Raneue antecessor predicti Ade" had "filiam Mabiliam predictam" who had "filiam Dionisiam…mater Ade" and that "Willelmus…avus Dionisie" gave the land "in maritagium cum ipsa Mabilia Odoni viri suo" who gave it on the marriage of their daughter Denise[919].  The Complete Peerage records that "her great-grandson Adam describes her in 1271-2 as aunt and heir of Margery, daughter and heiress of her brother Otes de Tilli"[920].  “Henricus de Putheaco” donated property to Sawley abbey, for the soul of “Adelidis de Perci matris meæ et Dionisiæ sponsæ meæ…Willielmi de Perci”, by undated charter[921]m firstly ([1170/75]) HENRY de Neufmarché, son of ADAM de Neufmarché & his wife --- (-summer 1178).  m secondly (1182) HENRI du Puiset, illegitimate son of HUGUES du Puiset Bishop of Durham & his mistress Adelisa de Percy (-in England [1210/11]).  . 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not identified.  Their relationship with the main Tilly family has not been ascertained. 

 

1.         RALPH de Tilly .  He is named in his son’s undated charter quoted below.  m SIBYLLA, daughter of WILLIAM FitzWilliam & his wife Avice de Tanai.  She is named in her son’s undated charter quoted below.  Ralph & his wife had two children: 

a)         RALPH de Tilly .  “Radulphus de Tilli filius Radulphi de Tilli et Sibillæ de Clerefai” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Avicia de Tanai avia mea et Sibilla mater mea" by undated charter[922].  “Rogerus de Tilli filius Radulfi de Tilli, et Sibillæ de Clerefai” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Avicia de Taneia avia mea et Sibilla mater mea", as also confirmed by "Radulphus de Tilli frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[923].  Longuemare says that “l’abbé de La Rue” names “Henri, Robert et Raoul de Tilly” among the members of the family who supported the French king against the English king in their dispute about Normandy in 1204, and notes that Raoul de Tilly donated property to Barbery by charter dated 1238 (no sources cited)[924].  It is not known whether Longuemare is referring to this “Ralph de Tilly” or to his father. 

b)         ROGER de Tilly .  “Rogerus de Tilli filius Radulfi de Tilli, et Sibillæ de Clerefai” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Avicia de Taneia avia mea et Sibilla mater mea", as also confirmed by "Radulphus de Tilli frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[925]same person as...?  ROGER .  Archbishop of York: Roger Archbishop of York confirmed donations made to Hampole Priory by “Willielmi de Clarafai et Aviciæ de Tanai uxoris suæ et Albrede de Lisurs” by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[926].  He has not been found in lists of archbishops of York.  

2.         HUGH de Tilly .  “Rogerus de Tilli filius Radulfi de Tilli, et Sibillæ de Clerefai” confirmed the donations to Hampole Priory made by "Avicia de Taneia avia mea et Sibilla mater mea", as also confirmed by "Radulphus de Tilli frater meus", by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[927].  Roger Archbishop of York confirmed donations made to Hampole Priory by “Willielmi de Clarafai et Aviciæ de Tanai uxoris suæ et Albrede de Lisurs” by undated charter witnessed by "Hugone de Tilli avunculo meo…"[928]

 

 

GUILLAUME [II] de Tilly, son of HENRY [I] Seigneur de Tilly & his wife Gondrède de Montbray (-before 28 Dec 1259)Seigneur de Tilly, de Cui et de Fontaine-Henry.  L’abbé de la Rue, in his discussion about the abbey of Ardenne, notes that “Henri de Tilli Seigneur Châtelain de Tilli, Seigneur de Fontaine-Henri, Cuie, Ecouché” donated “le patronage de Saint-Gervais de Cuie” dated to [1204], and donations made by “Gundrède de Montbray son épouse” and by “Guillaume de Tilli leur fils et Julienne de Fontaines son épouse[929].  “Herveus de Castello, Brueroliarum dominus et Aaliz eius uxor, et Willelmus de Tilly, et Juliana eius uxor” confirmed the donation of revenue “in pedajiis suis de Feritate” to Notre-Dame de la Trappe made by “bone memorie Willelmus Feritatis-Ernaldi quondam dominus” by charter dated Apr 1226[930].  He was named as deceased in his wife’s 1259 (O.S.) charter quoted below. 

m JULIENNE de la Ferté, daughter of GUILLAUME Seigneur de la Ferté-Arnaud et de Villepreux & his wife Constance de Courtenay (-[28 Dec 1259/Mar 1270]).  "Herveus de Castello Brueroliarum dominus et Aaliz eius uxor et Willelmus de Tilly et Juliana eius uxor" confirmed the donation of revenue made to Notre-Dame de la Trappe by "bone memorie Willelmus Feritatis-Ernaldi quondam dominus" by charter dated Apr 1226[931].  The joint donation suggests that Alix and Julienne were sisters, daughters of Guillaume de la Ferté.  “Juliana de Tilleio relicta...domini Guillelmi de Tilleio militis defuncti” donated property to Cordillon by charter dated 28 Dec 1259[932].  She was named as deceased in the Mar 1270 charter of her son Jean, quoted below. 

Guillaume [II] & his wife had two children: 

1.         HENRI de Tilly (-[1250/52]).  L’abbé de la Rue, in his discussion about the abbey of Ardenne, notes donations made by “Guillaume de Tilli...et Julienne de Fontaines son épouse”, by “Henri et Jean de Tilli fils dudit Guillaume” dated 1250[933].  He was deceased in 1252 when his brother Jean donated property for his soul, see below. 

2.         JEAN [I] de Tilly (-[Mar 1271/Mar 1272]).  Jean de Tilly fils [meaning gendre?] de Roger Le Vavasseur” donated a house to “Robert dit Foncé prêtre et vicaire” at Bayeux, with the consent of “Thomasse sa femme”, by charter dated 1244, sealed by “Jean Le Vavasseur, de Tilly[934]Seigneur de Tilly et de Fontaine-Henry.  L’abbé de la Rue, in his discussion about the abbey of Ardenne, notes donations made by “Guillaume de Tilli...et Julienne de Fontaines son épouse”, and by “Henri et Jean de Tilli fils dudit Guillaume” dated 1250 and 1263[935].  Jean de Tilly donated property to Ardenne for the soul of his brother Henri by charter dated 1252[936].  “Johannes de Tilleyo miles...heres dictæ Julianæ matris meæ” confirmed the donation to Cordillon made by “Juliana domina quondam de Fontibus mater mea” by charter dated Mar 1270 (O.S.?)[937].  He died before [Jan/Mar] 1271 (O.S.), the date of his son’s charter quoted below.  m (before 1244) THOMASSE Le Vavasseur, daughter of ROGER Le Vavasseur & his wife --- (-after 1254).  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the following document: “Jean de Tilly fils [meaning gendre?] de Roger Le Vavasseur” donated a house to “Robert dit Foncé prêtre et vicaire” at Bayeux, with the consent of “Thomasse sa femme”, by charter dated 1244, sealed by “Jean Le Vavasseur, de Tilly[938].  "Thomasse femme de Jean de Tilly, fils de Roger Le Vavasseur" confirmed the donation of a house made by her husband to "Robert dit Fouette vicaire de la cathédrale" by charter dated 1254[939].  Jean [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         JEAN [II] de Tilly (-[1297/1302?])Seigneur de Tilly et de Fontaine-Henry.  Co-Seigneur de Luzarches, de iure uxoris: “Anseau Le Bouteiller seigneur de Luzarches, Jean de Tilly co-seigneur de Luzarches, Mathieu de Trie comte de Dammartin” donated “leurs droits de gruerie dans les bois de l’abbaye” to Chaalis by charter dated [Jan/Mar] 1271[940].  Seigneur de Thiers, de iure uxoris: “Jean de Tilly, le jeune chevalier, et Jeanne sa femme, fille de feu Thibaud de Beaumont chevalier” sold “la maison de Tierz” to “Monseigneur Regnaud de Nanteuil evesque de Beauvais” by charter dated Aug 1276[941].  “Jean de Tilly” recorded the boundaries between his woods and those of Chaalis abbey “dans la forêt de Coye” by two charters dated Jul 1278[942].  La Roque records that “Ansel le Bouteiller chevalier seigneur de Lusarche” sold on quarter of “la Grurie qu’il tenoit en leurs bois” to Notre-Dame de la Victoire near Senlis, noting that “Jean de Tilly chevalier et Jean comte de Dammartin” held the other three quarters, by charter dated Aug 1293[943].  L’abbé de la Rue, in his discussion about the abbey of Ardenne, notes donations made by “...Jean de Tilli fils dudit Guillaume” and by “Henri de Tilli archidiacre de Bayeux et Jean son frère, enfans dudit Jean” in 1297[944].  Jean [II] presumably died before 1303, the date of the charter of his son Jean [III] cited below.  He may have died before Nov 1302, the date of another charter quoted below (although that document could presumably refer either to Jean [II] or Jean [III]).  m (before [Jan/Mar] 1272) JEANNE de Beaumont, daughter of THIBAUT de Beaumont [en Gâtinais] Seigneur de Pontarmé, de Neufmarché et de Thiers & his wife Jeanne de Senlis Dame de Luzarches-la-Motte (-before Oct 1322).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the following document: “Johannes de Tilly Baiocensis dyocesis armiger et domicella Johanna de Bellomonte uxor mea, filia quondam domini Theobaldi de Bellomonte militis” exchanged property with Chaalis, promising to guarantee his contribution (which came from the dowry of his wife) against “sorores uxoris mee Johanne, Ysabellem et Annam ac virum ipsius Anne Aubertum de Longa Valle”, by charter dated May 1272[945]Dame de Thiers: “Jean de Tilly, le jeune chevalier, et Jeanne sa femme, fille de feu Thibaud de Beaumont chevalier” sold “la maison de Tierz...” to “Monseigneur Regnaud de Nanteuil evesque de Beauvais” by charter dated Aug 1276[946].  Dame de Luzarches-la-Motte: “Jeanne de Beaumont dame de Luzarches” relinquished rights in vines “devant la maison de Commelles” in favour of Chaalis abbey by charter dated 4 Feb 1304 (O.S.)[947].  She presumably died before 28 Oct 1322, date of the charter quoted below under her son Thibaut which records an earlier exchange of property which she had made.  Jean [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEAN [III] de Tilly (-[1317/20?]).  His parentage is confirmed by the 1303 charter quoted below.  Seigneur de Tilly, de Fontaine-Henry et de Cui.  [“Johan de Tilly chevalier seigneur de Cuy et de Fontaines [Henri]” confirmed the donation of revenue “en notre prévôté d’Esquoschey” made by “chevalier monseigneur Robert de Viexpont seigneur de Challoye” by charter dated Nov 1302[948].  As noted above, this document could presumably refer either to Jean [II] or Jean [III].]  Jean de Tilly confirmed a donation to Ardenne made by “avunculus meus Henricus dominus tunc de Tylleio...archidiaconus in ecclesia Baiocensis” by charter dated 1303[949].  "Jean de Tilly seigneur de Tilly et de Fontaine" donated all his possessions "dans la paroisse de Sainte-Croix-Grand-Tonne" to Ardenne by charter dated 1317[950]m as her second husband, JEANNE de Beaufou Dame de Beuvron, widow of --- de Mortemer, daughter of --- (-before 1330).  Longuemare names her “Jeanne de Beaufou, dame de Beuvron”, dating her marriage to “vers 1319”, which is clearly incorrect (no sources cited)[951].  She is named in the marriage contract of her daughter quoted below, which also confirms her first marriage naming her son Guillaume de Mortemer.  Jeanne’s first husband has not otherwise been identified.  La Roque says that “Luce de Beauffou, Dame de Beaufou, de Beuvron, de Druval, de Saint-Aubin et de la Chappelle-Bainel, veuve de Jean Sire de Tilly, aieux de Jeanne de Tilly heritiere de la Chastellenie de Tilly, femme de Philippe de Harcourt Sire de Bonnestable“ married [as her second husband after the death of Jean de Tilly] Raoul d’Harcourt Seigneur de Charentonne, naming her two younger sisters “Isabeau de Beauffou femme de Robert Sire de Percy et Jeanne de Beauffou femme de Guillaume Sire de Folligny”, and citing “la preuve de noblesse de...Pierre de Percy Seigneur de Montchamps” submitted “aux Eleus de Vire, Commissaires deputés par le Roy, suivant le mandement du General des Finances en Normandie” dated 1540[952].  However, La Roque’s description of that document indicates that “l’aisnée [des trois sœurs] fut mariée en la maison de Tilly” (without naming her) but does not appear to mention her supposed Harcourt marriage.  Until more definite information emerges, it is suggested that La Roque’s conclusion about the identity of the wife of Raoul d’Harcourt should be treated with caution.  Jean [III] & his wife had one child: 

(1)       JEANNE de Tilly .  The marriage contracts of "monsieur Robert Bertran chevalier, seignour de Fontenay le Marmion" and "monsieur Jehan de Tilly chevalier signour de Tyllie et noble dame madame Jehanne de Beau Fou…damoisele Jehane leur fille", in the presence of “monsieur Guillaume de Mortemer chevalier filz aisné et hoir de la dite dame” who agreed that revenue “soit fait en la terre de ladite dame sa mere, excepté la baronnie de Beau Fou”, any disputes to be referred to “Robert Bertran seignour de Briquebech et...Olivier Painel seigneur de la Haiye Painnel”, are dated 25 Sep 1316 and 14 Jun 1318[953].  Heiress of Moyaux, Hiéville, Boissey and Duval.  m (contracts 25 Sep 1316 and 14 Jun 1318) ROBERT Bertrand Seigneur de Fontenay-le-Marmion, son of GUILLAUME Bertrand Seigneur de Thury et de Tuit & his wife Jeanne --- (-after May 1333). 

ii)         THIBAUT de Tilly (-after 28 Oct 1322).  His parentage is indicated by the following document which records his exchange of property, previously exchanged by his mother and presumably inherited from her after she died: “Thibault de Tilly” exchanged “des terres de Luzarches et de Coye-la-Forêt” and other properties with Charles IV King of France, in return for “les terres de Chambois, d’Omméel, d’Avenelles et de la Fresnaie-Fayël”, by charter dated 28 Oct 1322, which notes that “Jeanne de Beaumont dame de Roissy et mère de Jean de Tilly” had previously agreed the same exchange with “Pierre de Chambly seigneur de Viarmes et chambellan du roi” which had been annulled[954]

b)         HENRI [II] de Tilly (-[1297/1303]).  Archdeacon or canon at Bayeux.  L’abbé de la Rue, in his discussion about the abbey of Ardenne, notes donations made by “...Jean de Tilli fils dudit Guillaume” and by “Henri de Tilli archidiacre de Bayeux et Jean son frère, enfans dudit Jean” in 1297[955].  He was deceased in 1303 when his nephew Jean [III] confirmed his donation, see below. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage of the following persons have not been identified.  The chronology suggests that they could have been the sons of Jean [III].  His daughter Jeanne was not recorded as heiress of the main Tilly family properties, indicating the possibility that she had brothers. 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [III] de Tilly (-[1329/37?]).  Seigneur de TillyAngers notes that Guillaume [III] was named in 1329 but died before 1337 (presumably because of the Jan 1337 charter quoted below under Jean [IV])[956]

 

2.         JEAN [IV] de Tilly (-after 1346).  Seigneur de Tilly.  A vidimus dated 24 Jan 1391 reproduces a charter dated Jan 1337 issued by “Jehan de Tilly chevalier seigneur de Cuy et de Fontaines” relating to “Escouché[957].  Angers notes that Jean [IV] was named in 1346[958]

 

 

The connections between the following persons and the main Tilly family have not been ascertained.  La Roque says that Guillaume [V] was the son of Jean [II] Seigneur de Tilly and his wife (see above)[959], which appears chronologically improbable.  It looks more likely that he was the son of Jean [IV].  If that is correct, could Guillaume [IV] have been the same person as Guillaume [III] (see above)?  That could be possible if Guillaume [III] and Jean [IV] were co-seigneurs de Tilly, Jean dying before Guillaume and being succeeded by his own son Guillaume [V].  . 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [IV] de Tilly (-[1354/68]).  Seigneur de TillyAngers notes that Guillaume [III] was named in 1354, noting that he was “curé de la paroisse de Jurques[960]

 

2.         GUILLAUME [V] de Tilly (-[before 1371 or [1382]?]).  Seigneur de TillyCaix indicates that “Jean IV seigneur de Tilly”, whom he says was father of Jeanne named below, died in 1382 (no source citation)[961].  Caix’s narrative concerning the Tilly family is inaccurate and confused, but could the date refer to Guillaume [IV]?  He certainly died before 24 Oct 1384, the date of the charter quoted below which indicates that his son-in-law held an interest in Ecouché which he must have inherited through his wife (see the Nov 1302 and Jan 1337 charters quoted above regarding the earlier Tilly interest in Ecouché).  Longuemare says that “Guillemette de Tournebu”, Guillaume’s wife, was recorded as a widow in 1371 (no source cited)[962]m GUILLEMETTE de Tournebu, daughter of ROBERT de Tournebu & his wife Jeanne d’Auvilliers.  Fierville records her marriage, indicating that Guillemette was the sister of Gérard de Tournebu Châtelain d’Auvillers (no source cited), whose parents he also records[963].  Polonovski names her mother Jeanne d’Auvilliers as daughter of “N. Painel”, child of “Jean Painel”, brother of Foulques [IV] Paynell[964].  This information has not been verified.  Guillaume [V] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         [JEAN de Tilly (-1360 or after).  Longuemare names “Jean de Tilly, 1360, mort sans enfants” as son of Guillaume [V] and his wife (no sources cited)[965].] 

b)         JEANNE de Tilly (-before 1402).  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage “avant l’an 1382”, noting that she was “dame et héritière de Beaufou, de Beuvron, de Tilly, de la Motte-Cesny, fille unique de Guillaume de Tilly seigneur des mêmes lieux et de Guillemette de Tournebu[966].  A charter dated 24 Oct 1384 records the settlement of a dispute between Silly and “Philippe de Harcourt chevalier seigneur de Bonnétable, Ecouché...sa femme Jehanne de Tilly” concerning revenue from “la prévôté d’Ecouché[967].  Jeanne was recorded as deceased in the 15 Sep 1402 document which names her husband and children as her heirs (quoted under Harcourt).  m PHILIPPE d’Harcourt Seigneur de Bonnestable et de Montcolan, son of JEAN [V] Comte d´Harcourt & his wife Blanche de Ponthieu Ctss d'Aumâle (Harcourt 6 Feb 1346-after 19 Nov 1410). 

 

 

Longuemare says that the “seigneurs de Cully” belonged to a younger branch of the Tilly family[968]

 

1.         JEAN de Tilly (-after 1297).  Seigneur de Cully.  “Jean d’Harcourt chevalier seigneur d’Harcourt et Jeanne vicomtesse de Châtellerault sa femme” and “Jean de Tilly chevalier seigneur de Cuy” reached agreement about payments relating to eleven fiefs, by undated charter, dated to [1276/1302][969].  Longuemare names “Jean de Tilly seigneur de Cully” recorded in the cartulary of Saint-Jean de Falaise in 1297 (no sources cited)[970]

 

2.         GUILLAUME de Tilly (-after 1395).  Seigneur de Cully.  "Guillaume de Tilly chevalier seigneur de Cully" renounced rights "sur la dîme de la paroisse d’Avenes" in favour of Saint-Jean-de-Falaise by charter dated 1395[971]

 

 

The reference to Chambois suggests that the following family was descended from Thibaut, younger son of Jean [II] Seigneur de Tilly, whose receipt of Chambois and other properties was recorded in the 28 Oct 1322 charter quoted above.  If that is correct, the chronology suggests that Jean de Tilly Seigneur de Chambois was Thibaut’s grandson.  This descent is shown by “E. de B---“ (no sources cited)[972]

 

1.         JEAN de Tilly (-after 1383).  Seigneur de Chambois.  “E. de B---“ cites documents dated 1362, 6 Dec 1363, 1371, 1372, 1375 and 1382 in which Jean was named (no citation references)[973]m ([1365]) MARGUERITE de Sacquenville, daughter of GUILLAUME de Sacquenville Seigneur de Blaru & his second wife Perronnelle [de Comaing].  A charter dated 1365 records revenue granted by “Guillaume de Saquainville sire de Blarru chevalier et par Perronnelle sa femme” for the marriage of “Marguerite leur fille avec Jehan de Tilly chevalier sire de Chambay[974].  Bertrandy-Lacabane records her parentage and marriage, names her son “Jean de Tilly” and grandchildren “Guillaume de Tilly...[et ses] trois frères et une sœur” (no source cited)[975].  Jean & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN de Tilly (-killed in battle Azincourt 25 Oct 1415).  Seigneur de Chambois.  “E. de B---“ cites documents dated 1 Mar 1388, 14 Jan 1390, 17 Aug 1413 and 1 May 1414 in which Jean was named (no citation references)[976]m ([before 1400?]) BEATRIX de Clermont, daughter of JEAN de Clermont Seigneur de Paillart et de Tartigny & his wife Marie de Campremy ([1380?]-after 1438).  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, that she was named as Jean’s widow in 1435, and that she appointed her son (unnamed) as proxy in 1438 to sell “la terre de Berry au Bac près Compiegne[977].  Jean & his wife had five children: 

i)          GUILLAUME de Tilly ([after 1400?]-[15 May 1451/1 Jun 1457]).  Seigneur de Blaru.  Charles VII King of France confirmed “Guillaume de Tilly écuyer” in the succession of “son père Jean de Tilly et celle de son cousin germain Jean de Saquenville dit Saquet seigneur de Blaru” by charter dated 15 May 1451, which records that the request submitted by Guillaume de Tilly noted his father’s death at Azincourt, but subsequently “étant encore mineur, lui-même avait perdu l’appui de Jean de Saquenville son cousin[978].  Guillaume presumably died before 1 Jun 1457 when his brother Pierre is named seigneur de Blaru (see below).  [m as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Luxembourg, widow of RAOUL Cassinel Seigneur de Cuys et d'Anise, daughter of JEAN de Luxembourg dit Cavelus bâtard de Ligny, Seigneur du Forest et du Bos & his wife Jeanne d’Encre Dame du Forest et du Bos.  Père Anselme records her parentage and two marriages (no sources cited)[979].  The primary sources which confirm this information have not been identified.  In particular, the primary source which confirms the identity of Marguerite’s second husband has not been found, but the chronology suggests that he was Guillaume, son of Jean de Tilly Seigneur de Chambois.] 

ii)         PIERRE de Tilly ([1403/08?]-).  Bertrandy-Lacabane records “Guillaume de Tilly...[et ses] trois frères et une sœur” as children of “Jean de Tilly” (no source cited)[980].  The suggested birth dates of Pierre and his son (consistent with the dating of the latter’s marriage) indicates that the three brothers were the same as those named in an undated agreement cited by Bertrandy-Lacabane, under which “Pierre, Thomas et Jean de Tilly frères” (he does not name their parents) shared their properties and Pierre became “seul propriétaire de la terre et seigneurie de Blaru”, and a charter dated 1 Jun 1457 under which “Jean de Vendôme” committed to pay (to “Pierre de Tilly seigneur de Blaru et des Bottereaux” or his son) amounts due under the marriage contract between “Jean de Tilly fils aîné dudit Pierre et Marie de Bernezay fille de Jacques de Bernezay seigneur de Launay et de Marguerite de Vendôme[981].  Seigneur de Blaru et des Bottereaux.  m ---.  The primary source which confirms the name of Pierre’s wife has not been found.  Pierre & his wife had [two or more] children:

(1)       JEAN de Tilly ([1430/35?]-).  He is named as his father’s oldest son in the 1 Jun 1457 charter cited below.  m (contract before 1 Jun 1457) MARIE de Bernezay, daughter of JACQUES de Bernezay Seigneur de Launay & his wife Marguerite de Vendôme.  “Jean de Vendôme” committed to pay (to “Pierre de Tilly seigneur de Blaru et des Bottereaux” or his son) amounts due under the marriage contract between “Jean de Tilly fils aîné dudit Pierre et Marie de Bernezay fille de Jacques de Bernezay seigneur de Launay et de Marguerite de Vendôme”, by charter dated 1 Jun 1457[982]

(2)       [one or more] son[s] .  Their existence is confirmed by the 1 Jun 1457 charter cited above in which Jean is named as his father’s oldest son. 

iii)        THOMAS de Tilly .  Bertrandy-Lacabane cites an undated charter under which “Pierre, Thomas et Jean de Tilly frères” (he does not name their parents) shared their properties[983]

iv)       JEAN de Tilly .  Bertrandy-Lacabane cites an undated charter under which “Pierre, Thomas et Jean de Tilly frères” (he does not name their parents) shared their properties[984]

v)        daughter .  Bertrandy-Lacabane records “Guillaume de Tilly...[et ses] trois frères et une sœur” as children of “Jean de Tilly” (no source cited)[985]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    COTENTIN

 

 

The diocese of Coutances occupied the Cherbourg peninsula and comprised the pagus Constantinus (Cotentin), bound on the north and west by the sea and on the east by the river Vire, and the pagus Coriovallensis which existed briefly in the north around the town of Cherbourg[986].  The Cotentin area did not correspond with any of the known medieval counties within the duchy of Normandy.  It is assumed that all the nobles who are shown below were direct vassals of the dukes of Normandy. The history of these families was studied in the mid-19th century by Léopold Delisle[987]

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de COTENTIN, SEIGNEURS de SAINT-SAUVEUR

 

 

1.         ROGER [I] (-after [990/1000]).  A charter dated to [1136] records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, which it states was first constructed "tempore vetuli Ricardi comitis" (Richard II Duke of Normandy) "et Rogeri vicecomitis"[988]

 

2.         NEEL [I] (-[1040/42]).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Edelredus rex Anglorum” sent an army to invade Normandy which was defeated by “Nigellus...[cum] milites Constanienses[989].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that Duke Richard appointed “Nigellum Constantinensem atque Rodulfum Toennensem et Rogerium filium eiusdem” as custodians of “castrum Tegulense” (Tillières {Verneuil, Eure}), which he had built to protect against attack by Eudes [II] Comte de Blois[990].  "…Niellus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1015] under which "Rotbertus comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel for the souls of "uxoris meæ Bileeldis defunctæ et…vivente Ascelinæ, filiorumque meorum Vilelmi et Rotberti atque Ricardi"[991]Vicomte [de Cotentin].  "…Nielli vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1020] under which Richard II Duke of Normandy donated property "in pago Constantino, villam…Hetredvilla" to the abbey of Marmoutier[992].  "Ricardi filii Gulberti, Nigelli vicecomitis…Storstingi vicecomitis" signed the charter dated 1027 (redated to [1017]) in which "secundus nominis mei Normannorum dux Ricardus" confirmed donations to Fécamp abbey[993].  "…Negel vicecomes…" witnessed the charter dated Aug 1027 under which Richard II Duke of Normandy donated property to the abbey of Bernay[994].  "…Nigelii vicecomes…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy confirmed rights of Mont Saint-Michel[995].  "…Nielli vicecomitis, Nielli filii eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy donated "in comitatu Abrincatensi villam…Sancti Johannis" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[996].  "…vetulus Nigellus, Turaldus…Radulfus camberarius filius Geraldi, Gotscellinus Rufus de Formovilla, Humfridus constructor eiusdem loci cum filiis suis Rogerio, Roberto, Willelmo…Ricardus de Lillabona…Hugo filius Waleranni comitis…" are named as present in the charter dated 1035 under which "Willelmus adhuc puerulus…Roberti comitis filius" donated "Turstini villa" to the abbey of Préaux[997].  The Chronique Manuscrite de Normandie records that, after the death of Canute King of England, "le Conte Neel de Coustantin…le sire de Guerarville, le sire de Gournay" sailed from Harfleur to England with Edward Prince of England to claim the English throne[998].  "Robertus archiepiscopus, Odo comes et Niellus vicecomes" are named as present in the charter dated to [1035/37] under which Hugues Bishop of Bayeux made a census of the properties of the church[999].  "Nigelli vicecomitis, Goisfridi vicecomitis, Rodulfi Taisson" witnessed the charter dated to [1040] under which Mauger Archbishop of Rouen confirmed the foundation of the priory of Sigy[1000].  "…Nigelli vicecomitis, Tursteni vicecomitis…Willelmi Arcacensis comitis, Godefridi vicecomitis, Rodgerii filii Rodulfi, Wimundi…" witnessed the charter dated to [1040] under which Guillaume Comte de Talou donated property to Jumièges[1001]m ---.  The name of Néel’s wife is not known.  Néel & his wife had one child: 

a)         NEEL [II] (-1 Aug, before [1073] or 1092).  "…Nielli vicecomitis, Nielli filii eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy donated "in comitatu Abrincatensi villam…Sancti Johannis" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1002].  "…Nielli vicecomitis, Nielli filii eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy donated "in comitatu Abrincatensi villam…Sancti Johannis" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1003]

-        see below

b)         EUDES (-after 1104).  Vicomte de Contentin["…Eudo vicecomes Constantini…" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy granted "Brenerias" to the abbey of Bayeux[1004].  Delisle suggests that Eudes was the son of Thurstan Haldup.  However, it appears more likely that he was the younger brother of Vicomte Néel [II].]  "Eudo vicecomes pagi Constantini" donated property to the abbey of Marmoutier by charter dated 1081[1005].  "…Eudone Luxoviensi…" was named as a judge at the court of William I King of England in the charter dated to [1081] which records an agreement between the monks of Marmoutier and "Gaufridus Nervei filius"[1006].  A charter dated to [1090] records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by "Nigellus vicecomes" and "…Eudo vicecomes, concessu Henrici comitis…Eudo vicecomes Sancto Salvatori…Eudo vicecomes…"[1007].  A charter dated 1104 records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by "Nigellus presbyter de Geroville et Rogerus frater eius et Briennius filius ipsius", witnessed by and with the consent of "Eudone vicecomite…", and by "Eudo vicecomes" confirmed earlier donations by "Nigellus frater eius"[1008].  A manuscript at Caen, which commemorates the death of Abbess Mathilde, daughter of William I King of England, names "Nigello vicecomite, Eudone vicecomite" among the deceased at "sancti Salvatoris de Constantino"[1009]m ROHAISE, daughter of --- (-after 1104).  A charter dated 1104 records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by "Eudo vicecomes…et Rohais vicecomitissa", with the consent of "Nigellus presbyter de Geroville [et Rogerus frater eius] et Briennius filius ipsius"[1010]

 

 

NEEL [II], son of NEEL [I] Vicomte [de Cotentin] & his wife --- (-1 Aug, before [1073] or 1092).  "…Nielli vicecomitis, Nielli filii eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy donated "in comitatu Abrincatensi villam…Sancti Johannis" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1011].  "…Willelmus filius Guillelmi, Niellis juvenis, Hatuardus Rex, Hunfredus Namo, Guillelmus filius Ranoldi, Rogerius filius Hunfredi, Joffredus vicecomes, Hugo filius Huberti, Hunfredus Parvus" witnessed the charter dated to [1042] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy donated "nostras insulas Serc et Aurrene, propter medietatem Grenere" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel, supported by "Rannulfo filio Anschitilli"[1012].  Guillaume de Poitou records that "Nigellum præsidem Constantini pagi" supported "Guido filius Burgundionum comitis" in his rebellion, dated to [1047][1013].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that Guillaume II Duke of Normandy granted “castrum Brioci” to “Widonem...filium Rainaldi Burgundionem comitis” who rebelled against the duke with “Nigellum Constantiniensem præsidem” but was defeated at “Valedunas” in 1047[1014].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Ranulfum Bajocensem ac Haymonem Dentatum et Nigellum de Constantino" rebelled against Guillaume II Duke of Normandy at the battle "apud Vallesdunas"[1015].  A charter dated 1075 records that "comitissa Adeliz, Ricardi comitis filia, Roberti comitis soror" held "castrum…Hulme in Constantino" and that "Guido filius suus" (Guy Comte Palatin de Bourgogne) later granted it to "Nigello vicecomiti"[1016].  "…Nielli vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1047 or before] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation by "Adelelmi…Beatricis uxor eius…Rotberti filius eius" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1017].  Delisle suggests that Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confiscated his assets after the battle of Val des Dunes[1018].  However, the subsequent references in primary sources to Vicomte Néel suggest that this confiscation, if it took place, must have been reversed.  "…Nielli vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated 1054 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation of "terram…Sancta Columba…dedit Niellus clericus" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[1019].  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060], witnessed by "…Ingulfus dapifer, Rogerius filius Toraldi, Unfredus filius Ansquitilli, Rainaldus Foliot, Ricardus de Sturavilla, Gosfridus filius Rotberti Venatoris, Nigellus de Glanvilla, Rodulfus camerarius…Serlus filius Alveredi, Ricardus Britesonis filius"[1020].  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Noel de S. Sauveur le Viconte" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[1021].  "Nigellus vicecomes" founded the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by undated charter, dated to [1080] in the compilation[1022].  The charter of his brother Eudes (see above) clarifies that Néel [II] was the founder of Saint-Sauveur.  However, the charter dated to [1073], under which William I King of England confirmed the donation by "Nielli filii alterius Nielli", previously made by "suus pater", of six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier[1023] suggests that Néel [II] had died before this date.  If this is correct, the foundation charter of Saint-Sauveur must be dated to before [1073].  A manuscript at Caen, which commemorates the death of Abbess Mathilde, daughter of William I King of England, names "Nigello vicecomite, Eudone vicecomite" among the deceased at "sancti Salvatoris de Constantino"[1024].  The necrology of Saint-Sauveur records the death "pridie Id Aug" of "Nigellus vicecomes qui monachos hic constituit"[1025]

m ADELA de Brionne, daughter of GILBERT de Brionne "Crespin" Comte d'Eu & his wife ---.  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1026].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 29 Aug 1060 under which "milite…Richardo…fratribus Willelmo…atque Balduino" donated "Gausberti Villa" to Chartres Saint-Père, which states that "Nigello" married "sororem suam", witnessed by "Willelmus filius Osberti, Walterius Giffardus…Rodbertus Bertrannus, Willelmo Marmio…Willelmus Corbucionis filius…Raberius et Willelmus de Vernone…Bernardus filius Vulmari"[1027]

Néel & his wife had eight children: 

1.         NEEL [III] (-[before 1092]).  William I King of England confirmed the donation by "Nielli filii alterius Nielli", previously made by "suus pater", of six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier by charter dated to [1073][1028].  A charter dated to [1076] records a judgment passed by "Rannulfus vicecomes, Niellus filius Nielli, Rotbertus de Vezpunt", in a court of William I King of England, relating to the monastery of Mont-Saint-Michel[1029].  "…Nigelli de Constantino…" witnessed a charter dated to [1077] under which William I King of England granted property to the abbey of Saint-Etienne de Caen[1030].  "…Nigellus de Constantino" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[1031].  A charter dated to [1090] records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur by "Nigellus vicecomes" and others[1032]same person as…?  --- .  A charter dated to [1136] records the foundation of the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, first constructed "tempore vetuli Ricardi comitis" (Richard II Duke of Normandy) "et Rogeri vicecomitis", the placing of monks by "Nigellus vicecomes", and the donations by "nepotes autem eius Nigellus…et Rogerius"[1033].  The supposed brothers Néel [IV] and Roger [II] were therefore grandsons of Néel [II].  Their father must have been one of the sons of Néel [II].  Although he is not identified, it is reasonable to suppose that he was Néel [III].  m ---.  Three children: 

a)         NEEL [IV] .  A charter dated to [1136] records the foundation of the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, first constructed "tempore vetuli Ricardi comitis" (Richard II Duke of Normandy) "et Rogeri vicecomitis", the placing of monks by "Nigellus vicecomes", and the donations by "nepotes autem eius Nigellus…et Rogerius", a later passage clarifying that they were "Nigellus vicecomes…fratre suo Rogero"[1034]

b)         ROGER [II] (-murdered [1137/38]).  A charter dated to [1136] records the foundation of the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, first constructed "tempore vetuli Ricardi comitis" (Richard II Duke of Normandy) "et Rogeri vicecomitis", the placing of monks by "Nigellus vicecomes", and the donations by "nepotes autem eius Nigellus…et Rogerius", a later passage clarifying that they were "Nigellus vicecomes…fratre suo Rogero"[1035].  Orderic Vitalis records that Stephen King of England appointed "Guillelmum de Rolmara et Rogerium vicecomitem" in Normandy[1036].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Rogerius vicecomes" was murdered in an ambush, dated to [1137/38][1037]m CECILE, daughter of [ENGUERRAND de Port & his wife ---].  A charter dated to [1136] records donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur, including that of "Rogerus vicecomes, frater Nigelli, et Cecilia uxor eius"[1038].  Delisle suggests her possible parentage based on a charter dated 1202[1039]

c)         --- .  m ---.  Two children: 

i)          LETICIE (-after 1178).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1180] which records donations to Saint-Sauveur by "Leticia, neptis Rogerii vicecomitis et uxor Jordani Thessonis, jam defuncti"[1040].  "Jordanus Taison et Leticia sponsa mea" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by charter dated 1145, witnessed by "…Roberto de Perceio…Roberto de Vuas, Nicholao fratres illius Roberti"[1041].  "Iordanus Taisson et Lætitia uxor mea cum filiis nostris Radulfo, Rogerio et Iordano" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by undated charter[1042].  "Letitia de Sancto Salvatore, qui fui uxor Jordani Tesson" donated property to the abbey of Hambie, witnessed by "Jordano Tesson filio meo, Roberto de Monte acuto milite, Letitia filia mea uxore Fulconis Paganelli"[1043]m (before 1145) JOURDAIN Taisson, son of RAOUL & his wife Adelise --- (-1178). 

ii)         daughter .  m ---.  One child: 

(a)       FOULQUES des Prés

2.         ROGER .  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1044]

3.         GUILLAUME .  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1045]

4.         GUILLAUME .  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1046]

5.         GERARD .  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1047]

6.         EMMA .  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1048]

7.         BILELDIS .  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1049]

8.         MATHILDE .  "Niellus vicecomes" donated six churches on Guernsey to the abbey of Marmoutier, for the souls of and with the consent of "uxore mea Adila…filiis nostris Rotgerio…et Willelmo, alteroque Willelmo et Girardo…cum sororibus eorum Emma, Bilelde atque Mahelde", by charter dated to [1060][1050]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de SAINT-SAUVEUR (TAISSON)

 

 

1.         RAOUL "d’Anjou" .  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the original donation by "Robertus filius Erneisi, filii Radulphi Andegavensis et Alpaidis…"[1051]m ALPAIDIS, daughter of ---.  She is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the original donation by "Robertus filius Erneisi, filii Radulphi Andegavensis et Alpaidis…"[1052].  Raoul & his wife had two children: 

a)         RAOUL Taisson (-[Oct 1066/1070], bur [Saint-Etienne de Fontaines]).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the original donation by "Robertus filius Erneisi, filii Radulphi Andegavensis et Alpaidis…et nepos Radulphi Taxonis qui fuit frater patris mei Erneisi et filius Radulphi Andegavensis et Alpaidis"[1053].  "…Rodulf et fr. eius Ernis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy confirmed rights of Mont Saint-Michel[1054].  "Nigelli vicecomitis, Goisfridi vicecomitis, Rodulfi Taisson" witnessed the charter dated to [1040] under which Mauger Archbishop of Rouen confirmed the foundation of the priory of Sigy[1055].  "…Rodulfi Taxonis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1040] under which Guillaume Comte de Talou donated property to Jumièges[1056].  Orderic Vitalis names "…Rodulfus Taison…" among the subscribers of a charter of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy dated to [1050][1057].  "…Radulfi Toxonis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1055] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy donated property to the abbey of Marmoutier[1058].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Rodulfus Taisson et Erneisus frater eius” founded “ecclesiam sancti Stephani Fontaneti[1059].  A manuscript at Caen, which commemorates the death of Abbess Mathilde, daughter of William I King of England, names "Radulfus Taxo, Albereda eius uxor" among the deceased at "sancti Stephani Fontanensis", presumably indicating that they were buried there[1060]m ALBEREDA, daughter of --- (-bur [Saint-Etienne de Fontaines]).  A manuscript at Caen, which commemorates the death of Abbess Mathilde, daughter of William I King of England, names "Radulfus Taxo, Albereda eius uxor" among the deceased at "sancti Stephani Fontanensis", presumably indicating that they were buried there[1061].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of la Trinité de Caen, including the donation by "Alberede uxoris Radulfi Tesson" of "servicium terre quam Fulcherius Malherbe de ipsa tenebat in Blevilla", by charter dated to [1180/82][1062]

b)         ERNEIS .  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the original donation by "Robertus filius Erneisi, filii Radulphi Andegavensis et Alpaidis…"[1063].  "…Rodulf et fr. eius Ernis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy confirmed rights of Mont Saint-Michel[1064].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Rodulfus Taisson et Erneisus frater eius” founded “ecclesiam sancti Stephani Fontaneti[1065]m [HACINTA, daughter of ---.  She is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the original donation by "Robertus filius Erneisi, filii Radulphi Andegavensis et Alpaidis…et filius Hacintæ sororis antiqui Fulconis de Alnon"[1066].  However, the apparent clarity of this statement is confused by a later passage which records the donation by "Robertus pater meus" for the soul of "uxoris suæ Hacintæ", commenting that "patre meo in Anglia occiso".  The latter text refers to Robert [I] FitzErneis.  The strict conclusion from the two passages is that both Erneis and his son Robert [I] FitzErneis were married to persons named Hacinta.  However, this appears to be a strange coincidence.  It is possible that there is some confusion in the wording of the charter and that only either Erneis or Robert [I] was married to Hacinta.]  Erneiz & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROBERT [I] FitzErneis (-killed in battle Hastings 17 Oct 1066).  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, records that King Harold II was killed at Hastings by "un chevalier…Robert fils Herveis"[1067]

-         FITZERNEIS

ii)         RAOUL FitzErneis (-after 1066).  He is named in a charter dated 1217 under which "Robertus filius Erneisi sextus" confirmed donations to Fontenay by "antecessore meo bonæ memoriæ Roberto filio Erneisi secundo", which quotes the donation by "Robertus pater meus" for the soul of "uxoris suæ Hacintæ" commenting that "patre meo in Anglia occiso" and that he was buried by "Radulphi filii Erneisi"[1068]

 

 

2.         RAOUL Taisson (-after 1091).  "…Raoul Taisson…" witnessed the undated charter under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Saint-Etienne de Caen[1069].  "…Rotberti de Belmont, Rodulfi de Bec, Willelmi filii Girardi, Rogerii fratris Rodulfi, Gisleberti Crispini, Rotberti filii Alvuardi, Rotberti Marmion, Rodulfi Taisson, Rotberti Herneis, Ricardi de Baiocas…" witnessed the donation of "decimam Ansfredi Villæ" to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen by "Gernagois et Albereda uxor eius, cum filiis suis Willelmo et Rotberto" by charter dated 1091[1070]

 

3.         RAOUL Taisson .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad Taissoni" in Nottinghamshire/Derbyshire and in Yorkshire/Northumberland (twice)[1071]m ADELISE, daughter of ---.  Jourdain Taisson confirmed the grants of "Raoul son père et Adelize sa mère" to Savigny by undated charter[1072].  Raoul & his wife had one child: 

a)         JOURDAIN Taisson (-1178).  Jourdain Taisson confirmed the grants of "Raoul son père et Adelize sa mère" to Savigny by undated charter[1073].  "Jordanus Taison et Leticia sponsa mea" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by charter dated 1145, witnessed by "…Roberto de Perceio…Roberto de Vuas, Nicholao fratres illius Roberti"[1074].  "…Jordano Tesson…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] which "H. dux Normannorum" issued for the hôpital de Falaise[1075].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Jordanus Taisson" with 10 knights "de Treverio" and 30 knights in his own service[1076].  "Iordanus Taisson et Lætitia uxor mea cum filiis nostris Radulfo, Rogerio et Iordano" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by undated charter[1077].  Benedict of Peterborough names "Jordanus Tessun" among those who led the army of Henry II King of England against Louis VII King of France who had besieged Verneuil in 1173[1078]m LETICIE, daughter of --- (-after 1178).  "Jordanus Taison et Leticia sponsa mea" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by charter dated 1145, witnessed by "…Roberto de Perceio…Roberto de Vuas, Nicholao fratres illius Roberti"[1079].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1180] which records donations to Saint-Sauveur by "Leticia, neptis Rogerii vicecomitis et uxor Jordani Thessonis, jam defuncti"[1080].  "Iordanus Taisson et Lætitia uxor mea cum filiis nostris Radulfo, Rogerio et Iordano" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by undated charter[1081].  "Letitia de Sancto Salvatore, qui fui uxor Jordani Tesson" donated property to the abbey of Hambie, witnessed by "Jordano Tesson filio meo, Roberto de Monte acuto milite, Letitia filia mea uxore Fulconis Paganelli"[1082].  Jourdain & his wife had [six] children: 

i)          RAOUL Taisson (-[1213/14]).  "Iordanus Taisson et Lætitia uxor mea cum filiis nostris Radulfo, Rogerio et Iordano" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by undated charter[1083].  A charter dated to [1165] records donations to Saint-Sauveur by "Jordanus Taison et Leticia uxor eius…et filii eorum Radulfus et Rogerus"[1084].  "Raoul Taisson, fils de Jourdain Taisson" donated property to Sainte-Marie-de-Barberie and confirmed the donations by "Robert Marmion" by undated charter[1085].  "Radulfus Taisson" confirmed his parents’ donations to the abbey of Hambie by undated charter[1086].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Radulfus Tesson" among those granted delay for payment "per brevia" in Kent[1087].  Seneschal of the duchy of Normandy 1201[1088].  A judgment dated “in media quadregisima” ([3] Mar) 1213 [misdated? see below] records that “Guillelmus Paganelli” had been seised of land “que fuit domini Radulfi Tesson sicut antenatus”, and that later the land was divided in three parts to be shared between “ultimo natus...primo natus...secundo natus”, providing for if “dominus Fulco Paganelli aliquid ceperit in portionibus postantorum suorum...[1089]A charter dated “in media XL” 1213 (O.S.) which records the judgment in a claim brought by “Guillelmus Paganelli” against “domini Radulfi Tesson[1090]m as her first husband, MATHILDE de la Lande-Patri, daughter of ENGUERRAND Patri & his wife ---.  She married secondly Guillaume de Milly.  "Matillis domina de Landa Patrie…in mea viduitate" granted property to "Ricardo Ravengier, de Mesnillo Patrie" for his loyal service by charter dated 1239[1091].  Raoul & his wife had three children: 

(a)       PERNELLE Taisson (-26 Apr, 1230 or before).  Delisle records that Pernelle obtained “les fiefs de Percy et de Haineville” under the inheritance of her father[1092].  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records that the oldest of the three daughters of "Raoul Tesson sire de la Roche Tesson, de Tuit, Tury, Fontenay le Marmion" was married "au sire de Hambye"[1093].  King John pardoned "Fulcon Painell" and agreed the marriage between "filium eius Willelmum" and "filia Radi Teysum primogenitam" by charter dated 25 Jun 1215[1094].  A judgment dated “in media quadregisima” ([3] Mar) 1213 [misdated, in view of the 25 Jun 1215 approval for her marriage?] records that “Guillelmus Paganelli” had been seised of land “que fuit domini Radulfi Tesson sicut antenatus”, and that later the land was divided in three parts to be shared between “ultimo natus...primo natus...secundo natus”, providing for if “dominus Fulco Paganelli aliquid ceperit in portionibus postantorum suorum...[1095].  That judgment is further explained in a judgment of the Echiquier de Normandie dated “die luni sequenti” in which “Fulco Paganelli” accepted “pro filio suo Willelmo” and two other judgments dated 1217 which list Guillaume’s properties (“Espinteum...apud Aniseium et Barberias et Formignium et Buschervillam et apud Rampain...et...apud Kaigneium...et...apud Fontes”)[1096].  Guillaume Paynell confirmed the donation of revenue from “le tonlieu de Percy” to Hambye abbey, made by “Petronilla uxor mea defuncta”, by charter dated 1230[1097].  The necrology of Hambye abbey records the death 26 Apr of “Petronilla domina de la Roche uxor Willelmi Paganelli[1098]m (after 25 Jun 1215) WILLIAM Paynell, son of FULK Paynell & his second wife Agatha du Hommet ([after 1200?]-before Jun 1254). 

(b)       JEANNE Taisson (-after 1262).  Delisle records that Jeanne, under the inheritance of her father, brought “le fief de Thury dans la maison des sires de Bricquebec[1099].  Her marriage date is estimated from her older sister marrying around the same time.  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records that the second of the three daughters of "Raoul Tesson sire de la Roche Tesson, de Tuit, Tury, Fontenay le Marmion" was married "a messire Robert Bertran" to whom she brought "les terres de Tuit, Tury et Fontenay le Marmion"[1100].  A judgment dated “in media quadregisima” ([3] Mar) 1213 [misdated? see above] records that “Guillelmus Paganelli” had been seised of land “que fuit domini Radulfi Tesson sicut antenatus”, and that later the land was divided in three parts to be shared between “ultimo natus...primo natus...secundo natus”, providing for if “dominus Fulco Paganelli aliquid ceperit in portionibus postantorum suorum...[1101].  That judgment is further explained by a record of the Echiquier de Normandie dated 1217 stating that “dominus Robertus Bertran et dominus Ricardus de Harecort” did not respond to “Willelmum Paganelli, qui est infra etatem” relating to “portionibus terre Radulfi Taisson defuncti”, a judgment dated 1223 relating to “molendinum Roberti Bertran de Veez” against “Willelmo Paganelli”, and a claim dated 1248 [misdated?] by “Willelmus Paganelli” against “Robertum Bertran et...dominum de Haircort[1102].  "Robertus Bertran miles, filius Roberti Bertranni militis et Johanne domine de Tureio" granted rights to the monks of Saint-Michel in the forest of Bricquebec priory by charter dated Sep 1240[1103].  “Jeanne dame de Thury, fille de Raoul Tesson, ainsi que Robert, Guillaume et Bertrand ses fils” reached agreement with Barberie abbey concerning “[le] moulin dit de Chevrel...dans la paroisse de Fresné-le-Puceux” by charter dated 1262”[1104]m ([1215/16?]) ROBERT [V] Bertrand Seigneur de Bricquebec, son of ROBERT [IV] Bertrand & his wife --- ([1180/85]-[22 Jul 1228/Sep 1240]). 

(c)       MATHILDE Taisson (-after 28 Apr 1242).  Delisle records that Mathilde’s husband Richard d’Harcourt, under the inheritance of her father, succeeded him “dans la baronnie de Saint-Sauveur[1105].  A judgment dated “in media quadregisima” ([3] Mar) 1213 [misdated? see above] records that “Guillelmus Paganelli” had been seised of land “que fuit domini Radulfi Tesson sicut antenatus”, and that later the land was divided in three parts to be shared between “ultimo natus...primo natus...secundo natus”, providing for if “dominus Fulco Paganelli aliquid ceperit in portionibus postantorum suorum...[1106].  That judgment is further explained (cryptically) by a record of the Echiquier de Normandie dated 1217 stating that “dominus Robertus Bertran et dominus Ricardus de Harecort” did not respond to “Willelmum Paganelli, qui est infra etatem” relating to “portionibus terre Radulfi Taisson defuncti”, a judgment dated 1220 that “Ricardus de Harecort” was seised of “Buschervilla...in loto suo de portionibus que facte fuerunt de terra Radulfi Taisson...”, displacing Guillaume Paynell, and a claim dated 1248 [misdated?] by “Willelmus Paganelli” against “Robertum Bertran et...dominum de Haircort[1107].  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records that the third of the three daughters of "Raoul Tesson sire de la Roche Tesson, de Tuit, Tury, Fontenay le Marmion" was married "à J. d’Harcourt"[1108].  Her descendants, in the male line until 1356, are discussed by Delisle[1109]m RICHARD d’Harcourt, son of ROBERT [II] "le Vaillant" Seigneur d’Harcourt & his [second] wife Eva Crispin (-[8 Jun 1236/1239]).   

ii)         ROGER Taisson (-1231 or before).  "Iordanus Taisson et Lætitia uxor mea cum filiis nostris Radulfo, Rogerio et Iordano" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by undated charter[1110].  A charter dated to [1165] records donations to Saint-Sauveur by "Jordanus Taison et Leticia uxor eius…et filii eorum Radulfus et Rogerus"[1111]

iii)        JOURDAIN Taisson (-after 1188).  "Iordanus Taisson et Lætitia uxor mea cum filiis nostris Radulfo, Rogerio et Iordano" donated property to Saint-Sauveur by undated charter[1112].  "Letitia de Sancto Salvatore, qui fui uxor Jordani Tesson" donated property to the abbey of Hambie, witnessed by "Jordano Tesson filio meo, Roberto de Monte acuto milite, Letitia filia mea uxore Fulconis Paganelli"[1113]

iv)       MATHILDE Taisson (-after 1217).  m ([1198]) GUILLAUME de Soliers, son of ---. 

v)        CECILE Taisson .  "Letitia de Sancto Salvatore, qui fui uxor Jordani Tesson" donated property to the abbey of Hambie, witnessed by "Jordano Tesson filio meo, Roberto de Monte acuto milite, Letitia filia mea uxore Fulconis Paganelli"[1114]m as his first wife, FULK [II] Paynell, son of FULK [I] Paynell de Hambye & his wife Lesceline de Subligny (-after 25 Jun 1215). 

vi)       [--- .]  m ---.  One child: 

(a)       ROBERT FitzErneis .  "Robert Fitz-Erneiz, neveu de Raoul Tesson" donated property to Sainte-Marie-de-Barberie by charter dated 1219[1115]

 

 

Another Taisson family, descended from the oldest daughter of Raoul Taisson who died [1213/14] and based at the castle of “La Roche-Taisson”, is shown below.  No information has yet been found about later descendants. 

 

1.         RAOUL Taisson, son of WILLIAM Paynell & his wife Pernelle Taisson ([1217/25?]-after Jun 1254).  “Ralph Tesson knight of La Roche” donated tithes “in the parish of Montviron” to the chapter of Avranches, for the anniversary of “William Paynell his father”, by charter dated Jun 1254[1116].  Stapleton records that his descendants (no details given), who bore the name Taisson, were “seated at the castle of La Roche-Tesson[1117]m ---.  The name of Raoul’s wife is not known.  Raoul & his wife had [two children: 

a)         [son] Taisson .  The “Noble lignée de Hambie Painel” manuscript, published by La Roque, records the relationship between the Paynell/Hambye family and “A Monsieur Raoul Tesson et ses freres et sœurs à cause des Paineaux, et de Chantelou à cause de sa mere qui fut fille du seigneur de Villiers sur Port en Bessin, et est Monsieur du 5o degré, et à eux du 4o[1118].  Polonovski interprets this as meaning that Raoul Taisson, son of Guillaume Paynell, had an unnamed son who married the unnamed daughter of “Robert de Chantelou” (whose son Guillaume was the grandfather of Agnès de Chantelou who married Foulques [V] Paynell Seigneur de Hambie) and whose son “Jean ou Olivier Tesson s. du Grippon” was father of “Raoul Tesson” who was father in turn of “Raoul Tesson” (and presumably his unnamed siblings)[1119].  This information has not been verified.  m ---.  The name of his wife is not known.  --- & his wife had one child: 

i)          [JEAN/OLIVIER] Taisson .  His parentage is indicated by Polinovski as cited above.  m ---.  The name of his wife is not known.  Jean/Olivier & his wife had one child: 

(a)       RAOUL Taisson .  His parentage is indicated by Polinovski as cited above.  m ---.  The name of Raoul’s wife is not known.  Raoul & his wife had children: 

(1)       RAOUL Taisson .  His parentage is indicated by Polinovski as cited above. 

(2)       [brothers and sisters] .  Their parentage is indicated by Polinovski as cited above. 

b)         [JEANNE Taisson ([1260?]-after 1305).  The existence of this possible origin for the wife of Jean Crespin is highly speculative.  No primary source has been identified which confirms her parentage and one possibility is that she was connected with the Taisson/Paynell family.  Follow the hyperlink for discussion of this point.  If this family origin was correct, the chronology suggests that Jeanne would have been the daughter (or possibly grandaughter) of Raoul Taisson who is shown above.  m JEAN Crespin Seigneur de Dangu, de Mauny et de Lisores, son of GUILLAUME [V] Crespin Seigneur de Bec-Crespin & his wife Jeanne de Mortemer Dame de Varanguebec (-[12 Nov 1318/Feb 1324]).] 

 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de BARNEVILLE

 

 

1.         ROGER [I] de Barneville (-killed Antioch [Jan/Jun] 1098).  Albert of Aix records the brave participation of "…Rutgerus de Barnavilla…" in the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[1120].  Albert of Aix records that "Rotgerus de Barnevilla, Everhardus de Poisat militibus" accompanied Robert Duke of Normandy to the river Farfar, dated to late 1098 from the context[1121].  Albert of Aix records that "Rotgerus de Barnevilla" was killed by the Turks when returning after a raiding expedition during the siege of the city, dated to early-1098 from the context[1122]

 

2.         ROGER [II] de Barneville (-after Jul 1102).  "Rocca filia Drogoni comitis" donated property to Monte Cassino, with the consent of "Roggerii comitis…et…Roggerii de Bernabilla gener meus", by charter dated Jul 1102[1123]m ---, daughter of UBERTO & his wife Rocca [di Apulia]. 

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de BRICQUEBEC (BERTRAND)

 

 

GUILLAUME Bertrand, son of THURSTAN de Bastembourg & his wife --- .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Turstinus...de Bastenburc” had “duos filios Willelmum Bertrannum et Hugonem cum barba de Monteforti[1124].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, he was ancestor of the family Bertrand de Bricquebec but no further details are given[1125].  Domesday Book records land held by “William Bertram” in Polhampton in Overton Hundred in Hampshire[1126].  "…Willelmus Bertrannus" witnessed the charter dated 24 Apr 1089 under which Robert III Duke of Normandy donated property to Bayeux cathedral[1127]

m ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known. 

Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

1.         ROBERT [I] Bertrand "le Tors" (-after 1082, maybe after 1100).  "…Rodbertus Bertrannus, Willelmo Marmio…" witnessed the charter dated 29 Aug 1060 under which "milite…Richardo…fratribus Willelmo…atque Balduino" donated "Gausberti Villa" to Chartres Saint-Père, which states that "Nigello" married "sororem suam"[1128].  Vicomte de Cotentin.  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Robert Bertran le Tort" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[1129].  "…Robert Bertrann…" witnessed the charter dated 1082 under which William I King of England donated property to the abbey of la Trinité de Caen[1130].  ["Robertus Bertrannus" granted duty exemptions to the abbey of Montivilliers by charter dated 1100[1131].  This charter could presumably refer either to Robert [I] or Robert [II].]  No indication has been found of when Robert [I] died.  "Robertus Bertran" [Robert [V], see below] confirmed the donations made to the priory of Notre-Dame de Beaumont-en-Auge by "predecessorum meorum…Robertus Tortus et eius uxor Susanna" by charter dated 1221[1132]m SUZANNE, daughter of ---.  "Robertus Bertran" [Robert [V], see below.  confirmed the donations to the priory of Notre-Dame de Beaumont-en-Auge made by "predecessorum meorum…Robertus Tortus et eius uxor Susanna" by charter dated 1221[1133].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT [II] Bertrand (-before [1151?]).  ["Robertus Bertrannus" granted duty exemptions to the abbey of Montivilliers by charter dated 1100[1134].  This charter could presumably refer either to Robert [I] or Robert [II].]  Seigneur de Briquebec.  As noted below, he is named “Bertanno de Brikebet” in the source quoted below which records his marriage.  m as her first husband, ADELISE d’Aumâle, daughter of ETIENNE Comte d’Aumâle & his wife Hawise de Mortemer ([1110/20?]-before [1168][1135]).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Melsa Abbey records that “Willielmus” had “sorores quatuor, filias Stephani” who married “una…vicedomino de Pynkeney, altera…vicedomino de Verberay, tertia…Bertanno de Brikebet, quarta Willielmo de Romare et postea Petro de Brus[1136].  Her birth date is estimated very approximately to [1110/20] to test the chronology of her descendants.  She married secondly as his second wife, Ingelger de Bohun.  Domesday Descendants records that Ingelger donated property to the priory of Saint-Georges de Bohon naming "a deceased wife Mathilde and…his present wife Adelise"[1137].   "Adeliza daughter of [Stephen] count Albemaris" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Engelger her husband and Robert Bertrand her son" by charter dated to [1151/77][1138].  [The 1166/67 Pipe Roll records "Aliz de Bohun" accounting for "Aldewurda" in Berkshire[1139].  The identity of "Aliz de Bohun" is uncertain, although the second wife of Ingelger [I] de Bohun is the only person with a similar name who has so far been identified around that time period.  The previous year’s Pipe Roll includes no Bohun entries for Berkshire.]  Robert [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT [III] Bertrand ([1125/40?]-).  "Adeliza daughter of [Stephen] count Albemaris" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Engelger her husband and Robert Bertrand her son" by charter dated to [1151/77][1140]

-         see below

 

 

Precisely reconstructing the descent of the Bertrand family between Robert [II] and Robert [V] is uncertain.  The following reconstruction is a suggestion which appears compatible with the available primary sources and the family chronology:  

 

ROBERT [III] Bertrand, son of ROBERT [II] Bertrand Seigneur de Bricquebec & his wife Adelise d’Aumâle ([1125/40?]-before 6 Jan 1194).  "Adeliza daughter of [Stephen] count Albemaris" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte for the souls of "Engelger her husband and Robert Bertrand her son" by charter dated to [1151/77][1141].  His birth date is estimated very approximately to test the chronology of his supposed descendants.  No other primary source has been found which names Robert [III], but he presumably died shortly before 6 Jan 1194 when the family properties were confirmed to his son Robert [IV] (see below). 

m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known. 

Robert [III] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         ROBERT [IV] Bertrand ([1150/60?]-before [1215]).  His birth date is estimated very approximately to test the chronology of this part of the Bertrand family.  Richard I King of England confirmed all lands to "Roberto Bertran filio Roberti Bertran" which had been held by "Roberti patris sui" by charter dated 6 Jan 1194, witnessed by “Vuaukel de Ferariis, Roberto de Harecort, Gaufrido de Say, Rogerio de Toenie, Petro de Pratellis[1142].  "Robertus Bertran" granted property to "Herberti de Barnevilla, servienti meo" by charter dated 1195[1143].  "Robertus Bertran" granted property to "Roberto Brienchon" by charter dated to before 1204, witnessed by "Willelmo Bertran, Roberto Bertran juniore filiis meis"[1144].  The Briquebec cartulary includes two other charters, both dated by the editor of the cartulary to “before 1204”, in which "Robertus Bertran" granted properties to his fiefholders[1145].  The basis for the suggested date is not stated, but presumably it is related to England losing Normandy in 1204 to the French king.  "Robertus Bertran" donated "patronatus ecclesie beate Marie de Homme" to Saint-Sauveur by charter dated to before 1204, witnessed by "Roberto filio meo..."[1146].  "Roberto Bertran" donated revenue from "molendino de l’Estanc" to Sainte-Croix chapel by undated charter, witnessed by “Roberto Bertran filio meo..."[1147].  The Briquebec cartulary includes other (undated) charters under which “Robertus Bertran” granted or donated various properties but identifying the donor has not been possible[1148].  Robert [IV] presumably died before [1215], the approximate marriage date of his son Robert [V].  m ---.  The name of Robert’s wife is not known.  Robert [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME Bertrand (-[before 1204?]).  "Robertus Bertran" granted property to "Roberto Brienchon" by charter dated to before 1204, witnessed by "Willelmo Bertran, Roberto Bertran juniore filiis meis"[1149].  The order of their names suggests that Guillaume was older than his brother Robert.  Guillaume’s absence from another “before 1204” charter cited below under his brother Robert suggests that he died soon after the first charter.  While the dating of this document has not been confirmed, it is clear that it cannot refer to the sons of Robert [V] of whom Robert [VI] was the elder and Guillaume the younger,  meaning that their names would have been reversed in the charter cited above. 

b)         ROBERT [V] Bertrand ([1180/85?]-[22 Jul 1228/Sep 1240]).  His birth date is estimated very approximately to test the chronology of this part of the Bertrand family.  "Robertus Bertran" granted property to "Roberto Brienchon" by charter dated to before 1204, witnessed by "Willelmo Bertran, Roberto Bertran juniore filiis meis"[1150].  "Robertus Bertran" donated "patronatus ecclesie beate Marie de Homme" to Saint-Sauveur by charter dated to before 1204, witnessed by "Roberto filio meo..."[1151]

-        see below

c)         ISABELLE Bertrand (-before 22 Jul 1228).  "Robertus Bertran miles" donated revenue to Bricquebec priory for the soul of "Ysabelis sororis mee, condam domine de Rocha" by charter dated 22 Jul 1228[1152].  Her husband has not otherwise been identified.  m --- Seigneur de Roche, son of ---. 

2.         [GUILLAUME Bertrand ([1150/60?]-before Dec 1189).  He is named in the 25 Dec 1189 charter cited under his wife as her first husband.  No source has yet been identified which names him in his own capacity.  His birth date is estimated from the date of his marriage.  If this date range is correct, Guillaume was probably the son of Robert [III] Bertrand.]  m (1179) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Fougères, daughter of RAOUL Seigneur de Fougères & his wife Mathilde --- (-after 25 Jul 1204).  Her two marriages are confirmed by the following document: The marriage contract between “Galeranum filium Roberti comitis Mellenti” and “Margaritam filiam Radulfi de Feugeriis” is dated 25 Dec 1189, stating that she would retain the marriage portion given with her to “Willelmo Bertranno” which after her death would revert to “Bertranni filii Willelmi Bertranni” and, if the latter died without heirs, to Raoul de Fougères[1153].  She married secondly (contract 25 Dec 1189) Waléran de Meulan.  Marguerite returned to Brittany some time after her second husband died, and was deprived of her property as shown by the following documents.  King John granted “manerium de Spelepenne qd fuit uxor Walerami de Medlent añq Ric de Haracrt” dated 22 May 1203[1154].  A writ dated 7 Feb 1203 (O.S.?) ordered land "which had belonged to Margaret filia Willemi [error for Radulphi] de Feugeriis, who was with the Britons [=Bretons]" to be given to “Richard d’Harcourt”, while another writ dated 12 Feb 1203 (O.S.?) ordered payment of rent “qui fuit Margarete uxoris quondam Waleranni de Mellent, sororis Willelmi [error for filiæ Radulphi?] de Feugeriis, que est cum Britonibus” to Richard d’Harcourt[1155].  The following document suggests that Marguerite was still alive at the time: "Dominum Willelmum de Filgeriis" and "Gaufridum de Filg. nepotem suum" settled a dispute “super feodo Rad. de Filgeriis et Olivæ matris suæ”, under which Geoffroy ceded “Coglesium...Marcilleium...terras et totum feodum de Anglia excepto maritagio dominæ Margaritæ” to his great-uncle for life, by charter dated 25 Jul 1204[1156].  Guillaume & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [[BERTRAND?] Bertrand (-after 25 Dec 1189).  His existence is indicated by his supposed mother’s 25 Dec 1189 marriage contract quoted above.  The reversion of her dower to him provided in that document would make sense if he was her son.  The document names him “Bertranni”: it is uncertain whether this refers either to his family name or that he was named “Bertrand Bertrand”.]

 

 

ROBERT [V] Bertrand, son of ROBERT [IV] Bertrand & his wife --- ([1180/85?]-[22 Jul 1228/Sep 1240]).  His birth date is estimated very approximately to test the chronology of this part of the Bertrand family.  "Robertus Bertran" granted property to "Roberto Brienchon" by charter dated to before 1204, witnessed by "Willelmo Bertran, Roberto Bertran juniore filiis meis"[1157].  "Robertus Bertran" donated "patronatus ecclesie beate Marie de Homme" to Saint-Sauveur by charter dated to before 1204, witnessed by "Roberto filio meo..."[1158].  "Roberto Bertran juniore..." witnessed the undated charter under which "Robertus de Brienchon et Matildis uxor eius filia Frumodi" granted property from “suo feodo in valle Wiscart” to "Willermo filio Pagani"[1159].  The Briquebec cartulary includes other (undated) charters under which “Robertus Bertran” granted or donated various properties but identifying the donor has not been possible[1160].  Stapleton records that “of the Honour of Thury, Robert Bertrand made acknowledgement of the service of nine knights in 1220 [de iure uxoris], but he was as yet unaware how many fiefs were held of him” (no source cited)[1161].  "Robertus Bertran" confirmed the donations to the priory of Notre-Dame de Beaumont-en-Auge by "predecessorum meorum…Robertus Tortus et eius uxor Susanna" by charter dated 1221[1162].  "Robertus Bertran miles" donated revenue to Bricquebec priory for the soul of "Ysabelis sororis mee, condam domine de Rocha" by charter dated 22 Jul 1228[1163].  Robert [V] presumably died before Sep 1240, the date of the charter cited below which names his son. 

m ([1215/16?]) JEANNE Taisson, daughter of RAOUL Taisson & his wife Mathilde de La Lande-Patri (-after 1262).  Delisle records that Jeanne, under the inheritance of her father, brought “le fief de Thury dans la maison des sires de Bricquebec[1164].  Her marriage date is estimated from her older sister marrying around the same time.  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records that the second of the three daughters of "Raoul Tesson sire de la Roche Tesson, de Tuit, Tury, Fontenay le Marmion" was married "a messire Robert Bertran" to whom she brought "les terres de Tuit, Tury et Fontenay le Marmion"[1165].  A judgment dated “in media quadregisima” ([3] Mar) 1213 [misdated? see above] records that “Guillelmus Paganelli” had been seised of land “que fuit domini Radulfi Tesson sicut antenatus”, and that later the land was divided in three parts to be shared between “ultimo natus...primo natus...secundo natus”, providing for if “dominus Fulco Paganelli aliquid ceperit in portionibus postantorum suorum...[1166].  That judgment is further explained by a record of the Echiquier de Normandie dated 1217 stating that “dominus Robertus Bertran et dominus Ricardus de Harecort” did not respond to “Willelmum Paganelli, qui est infra etatem” relating to “portionibus terre Radulfi Taisson defuncti”, a judgment dated 1223 relating to “molendinum Roberti Bertran de Veez” against “Willelmo Paganelli”, and a claim dated 1248 [misdated?] by “Willelmus Paganelli” against “Robertum Bertran et...dominum de Haircort[1167].  "Robertus Bertran miles, filius Roberti Bertranni militis et Johanne domine de Tureio" granted rights to the monks of Saint-Michel in the forest of Bricquebec priory by charter dated Sep 1240[1168].  “Jeanne dame de Thury, fille de Raoul Tesson, ainsi que Robert, Guillaume et Bertrand ses fils” reached agreement with Barberie abbey concerning “[le] moulin dit de Chevrel...dans la paroisse de Fresné-le-Puceux” by charter dated 1262”[1169]

Robert [V] & his wife had four children: 

1.         ROBERT [VI] Bertrand ([1217/20?]-before 1267).  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament names "messire Robert et messire Guillaume Bertran, chevaliers" as the children of "messire Robert Bertran" and his wife[1170]Seigneur de Bricquebec, de Roncheville, de Faugernon et de Fontenay le Marmion.  "Robertus Bertran miles, filius Roberti Bertranni militis et Johanne domine de Tureio" granted rights to the monks of Saint-Michel in the forest of Bricquebec priory by charter dated Sep 1240[1171].  “Jeanne dame de Thury, fille de Raoul Tesson, ainsi que Robert, Guillaume et Bertrand ses fils” reached agreement with Barberie abbey concerning “[le] moulin dit de Chevrel...dans la paroisse de Fresné-le-Puceux” by charter dated 1262”[1172].  The latest date of his death is indicated by the decision of the Paris parliament dated 1267, extracted below.  m (contract 1245) ALIX de Tancarville, daughter of RAOUL [III] Seigneur  de Tancarville & his wife Alisende de Meulan ([1230?]-before 1267).  A charter dated 1245 records the marriage contract of "Guillelmus camerarius de Tanquarvilla miles…Aelicia sorore mea" and "domino Roberto Bertran militi", and refers to property given to "Helysendi matri mee a domino Ammarico de Mellent avunculo meo"[1173].  The date of this document indicates that her brother must have been Guillaume [IV] Seigneur de Tancarville.  The latest date of her death is indicated by the decision of the Paris parliament dated 1267, extracted below.  Robert [VI] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         ROBERT [VII] Bertrand (-before 10 May 1308)Seigneur de Briquebec.  A decision of the Paris parliament dated 1267 instructed “Robert Bertrand” to share the succesion of their father and mother with “Guillaume Bertrand chevalier son frère puîné[1174]

-        see below

b)         GUILLAUME Bertrand (-[4 Jul 1300/3 Jan 1309]).  A decision of the Paris parliament dated 1267 instructed “Robert Bertrand” to share the succession of their father and mother with “Guillaume Bertrand chevalier son frère puîné[1175].  Philippe III King of France confirmed the grant of la baronnie de Faugernon by "Roberti Bertrandi militis domini de Roncheville et de Briquebec" to "Guillaume Bertran mon frere" by charter dated Mar 1274 (O.S.?)[1176].  A charter dated Mar 1274 (O.S.?) records "Guillaume Bertran escuier" and "mon segneur Robert Bertran chevalier mon...frere et...ainzné" dividing their parental inheritances, the former holding "la terre de Fontenay le Marmion...Bretheville sur Lese...Fausgernon" while the baronny of the latter "est assise à Rocheville, a Briquebec et Honnefleu"[1177].  "Robertus Bertran miles" confirmed donations to the abbey of Corneville, for the souls of "Roberti patris sue et Alicie matris sue" and for the salvation of "Philippe uxoris sue et…Guillermi fratris sui" by charter dated 22 Sep 1295[1178].  The wording of this document suggests that the second group was still alive at that date[1179].  The marriage contract of "Guillaume Bertran seignour de Fuasgernon…Agnes ma fille" and "Guilaume de Brucourt" is dated 4 Jul 1300[1180].  Guillaume is named as deceased in the 3 Jan 1309 charter quoted below under his wife and sons.  m JEANNE, daughter of --- (-after 10 Mar 1312).  "Guillaume Bertran chevalier, seignour de Fauzgernon" granted "le fieu de la visconté de Fontenay le Marmion" to "Robert Bertran escuier son frere" by charter dated 3 Jan 1309, which names "madame Jehane, jadis fame [de] monsieur Guillaume lour pere, mere des diz monsieurs Guillaume et Robert"[1181].  "Robert Bertran escuier…madame Jehane sa mere" issued a charter dated 10 Mar 1312 relating to her property[1182].  Guillaume & his wife had [five] children[1183]

i)          GUILLAUME Bertrand .  Seigneur de Fauguernon et de Fontenay le Marmion.  "Guillaume Bertran chevalier, seignour de Fauzgernon" granted "le fieu de la visconté de Fontenay le Marmion" to "Robert Bertran escuier son frere" by charter dated 3 Jan 1309, which names "madame Jehane, jadis fame [de] monsieur Guillaume lour pere, mere des diz monsieurs Guillaume et Robert"[1184]

ii)         ROBERT Bertrand (-after May 1333).  Seigneur de Fontenay le Marmion 1309: "Guillaume Bertran chevalier, seignour de Fauzgernon" granted "le fieu de la visconté de Fontenay le Marmion" to "Robert Bertran escuier son frere" by charter dated 3 Jan 1309, which names "madame Jehane, jadis fame [de] monsieur Guillaume lour pere, mere des diz monsieurs Guillaume et Robert"[1185].  Jean Duke of Normandy [the future Jean II King of France] granted the right to hold an annual fair at Fontenay-le-Marmion to "Robert Bertran chevalier sire de Fontenay le Marmion" by charter dated May 1333[1186]m (contracts 25 Sep 1316 and 14 Jun 1318) JEANNE de Tilly, daughter of JEAN [III] Seigneur de Tilly & his wife Jeanne de Beaufou.  The marriage contracts of "monsieur Robert Bertran chevalier, seignour de Fontenay le Marmion" and "monsieur Jehan de Tilly chevalier signour de Tyllie et noble dame madame Jehanne de Beau Fou…damoisele Jehane leur fille" are dated 25 Sep 1316 and 14 Jun 1318[1187].  Heiress of Moyaux, Hiéville, Boissey and Duval.  Robert & his wife had [one child]: 

(a)       [MARIE Bertrand (-[after 1391]).  Le Cacheux records that Jean Paynell married Marie Bertrand Vicomtesse de Fauguernon (noting Pope Clement VI’s dispensation for their marriage dated [1349/50][1188]), while Saige records her supposed second marriage, noting that she claimed dower from her first husband’s brother Guillaume in 1375[1189].  Her marriage with Yon de Garencières is indicated by the Terrier de Tilly (1375-1415) which names “mons. Yon sire de Guerenchieres et madame Marie Bertran sa fame” (Angers indicating her parentage)[1190].  The chronology seems unfavorable for her supposed first marriage, given the estimated birth date of her supposed first husband and the marriage contracts of her parents dated 1316 and 1318.  Other possibilities include Marie being the granddaughter, not the daughter, of Robert Bertrand and his wife Jeanne de Tilly.  La Roque (citing “Les Eschiquiers de Normandie des années 1379, 1390 et 1391”) records the legal action brought by “dame Marguerite de Saquainville dame de Saquainville, de S. Germain des Angles et de Percy“ against “Ion Sire de Garencieres et madame Marie Bertran sa femme...Guillaume Paisnel chevalier seigneur de Hambie et...damoiselle Jeanne du Fay veuve de feu Jean Morin escuyer, Jean Bauffes n’agueres bailly d’Evreux” relating to revenue from “le moulin de Saquainville[1191].  [m firstly (Papal dispensation [1349/50]) JEAN Paynell, son of GUILLAUME Paynell Seigneur de Hambye & his wife Jeanne Bertrand ([1340/45?]-before 1375).]  m [secondly] YON de Garencières, son of --- (-[after 1391]).] 

iii)        GUIFFREY Bertrand .  Seigneur de Bourgthéroude et de Rougemonstiers.  

iv)       AGNES Bertrand .  The marriage contract of "Guillaume Bertran seignour de Fausgernon…Agnes ma fille" and "Guilaume de Brucourt" is dated 4 Jul 1300[1192]m (contract 4 Jul 1300) GUILLAUME de Brucourt, son of ---. 

v)        [MARIE Bertrand .  The “Noble lignée de Hambie Painel” manuscript, published by La Roque, records the relationship between the Paynell/Hambye family and “Mademoiselle de Merle à cause des Paineaux et des Bertrans et de son ayeulle, qui fut se S. Celerin et des Paineuax à cause de son ayeulle de par sa mere qui fut de Pommereul, et est Monsieur du 4o degré, et elle du 5o[1193].  Polonovski interprets the supposed Bertrand connection by naming Marie as daughter of Guillaume Bertrand, younger brother of Robert [VII] and her son “Jean de la Ferté” who married “Alix de Meulan” [daughter of Waléran de Meulan & his wife Jeanne de Bouville, see the document NORMANDY NOBILITY-ALENÇON, EVREUX, MEULAN, PERCHE] (but not naming the husband of Marie Bertrand)[1194].  This information has not been verified.  m --- de la Ferté-Fresnel, son of ---.] 

c)         [ALIX Bertrand .  The “Noble lignée de Hambie Painel” manuscript, published by La Roque, records the relationship between the Paynell/Hambye family and “A Monsieur Guillebert de Combray sieur et Baron de Sasey, à cause des Paineaux, et sont les enfans plus prochains à cause de Malle-mains, et depuis des Moustiers, et du troisième de Combray[1195].  Polonovski interprets this as meaning that the daughter of “Alice Bertrand”, daughter of Robert [VI] Bertrand/Alix de Tancarville, was “Catherine de Malemains” who married “Guillbert de Combray” whose children he does not name[1196].  This information has not been verified.  m --- de Malesmains, son of ---.] 

2.         GUILLAUME Bertrand ([1217/25?]-after 1262).  “Jeanne dame de Thury, fille de Raoul Tesson, ainsi que Robert, Guillaume et Bertrand ses fils” reached agreement with Barberie abbey concerning “[le] moulin dit de Chevrel...dans la paroisse de Fresné-le-Puceux” by charter dated 1262”[1197].  Seigneur de Thury et de Tuit: Saige (editor of the Fontenay-le-Marmion cartulary) records that Guillaume inherited from his mother “Thury, Tuit et les terres du Cinglais provenant des Tesson[1198].  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament names "messire Robert et messire Guillaume Bertran, chevaliers" as the children of "messire Robert Bertran" and his wife the daughter of Raoul Tesson[1199]m ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

a)         daughter .  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records the three daughters (unnamed) of "messire Guillaume Bertran", of whom the oldest married "messire Guillaume sire de Clisson" to whom she brought "la terre de Tuit", and names their son "Guillaume sire de Clisson et de Tuit", his son "messire Olivier de Clisson", and the latter’s son "messire Olivier de Clisson, qui a present vit"[1200]m GUILLAUME de Clisson, son of ---. 

b)         daughter ([1250/55?]-).  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records the three daughters (unnamed) of "messire Guillaume Bertran"[1201].  Her birth date is estimated from the likely birth date of her father, shown above.  It is possible that one of unnamed younger daughters of Guillaume Bertrand Seigneur de Thury et de Tuit inherited part of her father’s properties.  same person as...?  JEANNE [Bertrand] [dite Taisson] ([1260?]-after 1305).  Dame de Thury.  Père Anselme records the wife of Jean Crespin as “Jeanne Taisson Dame de Thury”[1202].  The primary source which confirms her family origin has not been identified.  One of the possibilities is that she was one of the unnamed daughters of Guillaume Bertrand.  Follow the hyperlink for the discussion.  m JEAN Crespin Seigneur de Dangu, de Mauny et de Lisores, son of GUILLAUME [V] Crespin Seigneur de Bec-Crespin & his wife Jeanne de Mortemer Dame de Varanguebec (-[12 Nov 1318/Feb 1324]). 

c)         daughter .  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records the three daughters (unnamed) of "messire Guillaume Bertran"[1203]

3.         BERTRAND Bertrand (-after 1262).  “Jeanne dame de Thury, fille de Raoul Tesson, ainsi que Robert, Guillaume et Bertrand ses fils” reached agreement with Barberie abbey concerning “[le] moulin dit de Chevrel...dans la paroisse de Fresné-le-Puceux” by charter dated 1262”[1204]

4.         JEANNE Bertrand .  An undated charter records the agreement between "Robert Malet chevalier, seignour de Planes" and "Robert Bertran chevalier seignour de Briquebec et monseignour Guillaume Bertran chevalier son frère" concerning the dowry of "Johenne lour seur, ma fame"[1205].  Her husband has not otherwise been identified in the Malet family.  m ROBERT Malet Seigneur de Planes, son of ---. 

 

 

ROBERT [VII] Bertrand, son of ROBERT [VI] Bertrand Seigneur de Bricquebec & his wife Alix de Tancarville (-before 10 May 1308).  A decision of the Paris parliament dated 1267 instructed “Robert Bertrand” to share the succession of their father and mother with “Guillaume Bertrand chevalier son frère puîné[1206].  "Robertus Bertran, armiger, dominus de Briquebec" confirmed the possessions of Bricquebec priory by charter dated Feb 1271[1207].  Philippe III King of France confirmed the grant of la baronnie de Faugernon by "Roberti Bertrandi militis domini de Roncheville et de Briquebec" to "Guillaume Bertran mon frere" by charter dated Mar 1274 (O.S.?)[1208].  A charter dated Mar 1274 (O.S.?) records "Guillaume Bertran escuier" and "mon segneur Robert Bertran chevalier mon...frere et...ainzné" dividing their parental inheritances, the former holding "la terre de Fontenay le Marmion...Bretheville sur Lese...Fausgernon" while the baronny of the latter "est assise à Rocheville, a Briquebec et Honnefleu"[1209].  "Robert Bertran chevalier seignour de Roncheville et ma dame Philippe sa fame" set the rent of land for the inhabitants of the parish of Notre-Dame de la Remuée by charter dated 20 Jan 1288[1210].  "Robertus Bertran miles" confirmed donations to the abbey of Corneville, for the souls of "Roberti patris sue et Alicie matris sue" and for "Philippe uxoris sue et…Guillermi fratris sui" by charter dated 22 Sep 1295[1211]

m (contract Feb 1270) PHILIPPA de Clermont, daughter of SIMON [II] de Clermont Seigneur de Nesle & his wife Adela de Montfort (-after 22 Sep 1295).  The marriage contract of "Simons de Cleirmont sire de Neele chevaliers…Philippe ma fille" and "Robert Bertrans" is dated Feb 1270[1212].  "Robert Bertran chevalier seignour de Roncheville et ma dame Philippe sa fame" set the rent of land for the inhabitants of the parish of Notre-Dame de la Remuée by charter dated 20 Jan 1288[1213].  "Robertus Bertran miles" confirmed donations to the abbey of Corneville, for the souls of "Roberti patris sue et Alicie matris sue" and for the salvation of "Philippe uxoris sue et…Guillermi fratris sui" by charter dated 22 Sep 1295[1214].  The wording of this document suggests that the second group was still alive at that date[1215]

Robert [VII] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         ROBERT [VIII] Bertrand (-1348).  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records names "messire Robert Bertran, mareschal de France" as the child of "messire Robert...Bertran", son of "messire Robert Bertran" and his wife, but this narrative omits a generation[1216].  "Robert Hairon et Nicole sa femme" rented property to "Robert Bertran escuier seigneur de Briquebec" by charter dated 10 May 1308[1217].  Maréchal de France.  Vicomte de Roncheville.  m (3 May 1318) MARIE de Sully, daughter of HENRI [IV] Seigneur de Sully & his wife Jeanne de Vendôme.  The marriage contract of "Henrys sires de Seuly bouteiller de France…damoisele Marie fille" and "Robert Bertran" is dated May 1318, and names "Guillaume Bertran chanoines de Beauvais frère dudit Robert Bertran"[1218].  Robert [VIII] & his wife had four children: 

a)         ROBERT Bertrand (-killed in battle Crécy 1346). 

b)         GUILLAUME Bertrand (-killed  in battle Mauron 14 Aug 1352).  The Chronique des règnes de Jean II et de Charles V records that “le sire de Briquebec” was killed in battle “en Bretaigne” 14 Aug 1352[1219]

c)         PHILIPPA Bertrand (-after 3 Feb 1392).  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament names "madame Philippe" as the daughter and heiress of "messire Robert Bertran, mareschal de France"[1220].  Heiress of the vicomté de Roncheville.  m GERARD [V] Chabot Baron de Rays, Seigneur de la Mothe-Achard, son of GERARD [IV] Chabot Baron de Rays, Seigneur de la Mothe-Achard & his wife Catherine de Laval (-before 1399). 

d)         JEANNE Bertrand ([1319/25?]-after 8 Nov 1396).  The marriage contract of "Robert Bertran chevalier, sire de Briquebec, mareschal de France…demoiselle Jehenne Bertan fille" and "Fouquie Painnel chevalier, seigneur de Hambuye…Guillaume Painel escueir fils ainsné" is dated 2 Jun 1338[1221].  Dame de Bricquebec, Vicomtesse de Roncheville.  Père Anselme records her second marriage and dates the marriage contract (presumably incorrectly in light of her first husband’s date of death) to 1353[1222].  A request to the Chambre des Comptes by Jacqueline d’Estouteville dated 1542 records that Jeanne swore allegiance for the baronny of Briquebec 8 Nov 1396 (no source citation)[1223].  m firstly (contract 2 Jun 1338) GUILLAUME Paynell, son of FOULQUES [V] Paynell Seigneur de Hambye & his wife Agnes de Chanteloup ([1315?]-4 Mar 1361).  m secondly GUY Seigneur de la Roche-Guyon, son of GUY Seigneur de la Roche-Guyon & his wife --- (-before 1373). 

2.         GUILLAUME Bertrand (-after May 1318).  "Hebert de Moustiers" granted "ma maire de Glatigny" to "Guillaume Bertran escuier, fiuz de…Robert Bertran seignour de Briquebec…mon filoel" by charter dated 28 Jun 1299[1224].  The marriage contract of "Henrys sires de Seuly bouteiller de France…damoisele Marie fille" and "Robert Bertran" is dated May 1318, and names "Guillaume Bertran chanoines de Beauvais frère dudit Robert Bertran"[1225]

3.         [ALIX Bertrand (-after 1311).  Père Anselme records her parentage (calling her mother “Alix de Néelle”, presumably indicating Philippa de Clermont-Nesle wife of Robert [VII] Bertrand) and marriage (no sources cited)[1226].  Considering that her oldest son was named as “under age” in the 1311 charter cited below, it is likely that Alix married in [1285/90 or after], which suggests that she was indeed the daughter of Robert [VII].  “Robert de Stuteville” paid for a proxy for “Eleanor his wife, staying beyond seas” and “Alice late the wife of Robert de Stuteville the younger” made a similar fine, dated 20 May 1304[1227].  “Robert d’Estouteville escuyer soubs-aage...Colart d’Estouteville escuyer et madame Alix Bertram sa mère” agreed the dowry for the marriage of “madame Jehanne d’Estouteville sa sœur avec...monseigneur Guillaume Chastelain de Bauvais chevaliers” by charter dated 1311[1228]m ([1285/90 or after?]) as his second wife, ROBERT [VI] d’Estouteville Seigneur de Cleuville, son of ROBERT [V] d’Estouteville Seigneur d’Estouteville & his first wife Jeanne [Talbot] ([before 1260?]-25 Feb, before 20 May 1304).] 

4.         [ALIX Bertrand .  Polanovski records a daughter “Alix” (he names the other daughter, named above, “Jeanne” and sometimes “Alix”) married to “Richard de Courcy”, his father and grandfather, and the couple’s son Geoffroy married to Marie d’Estouteville[1229].  This information has not been verified.  m RICHARD de Courcy, son of GUILLAUME de Courcy & his wife ---.] 

 

 

 

E.      FAMILY of THURSTAN HALDUP

 

 

1.         THURSTAN [Richard] Haldup (-after 1079).  "Richardus qui vocatur Turstinus Haralduc cum Emma uxore sua, Eudoque filius eorum" founded the abbey of Lessay by undated charter, dated to [1079/87][1230].  Henry I King of England confirmed the possessions of Holy Trinity, Lessay, including the donations by "Ricardus qui vocatus est Turstinus Haldup et Eudo filius eius", by charter dated 1126[1231].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessay, including donations by "Turstini Haldup et Eudonis filii eius" confirmed by "Roberti de Haia et Murielis uxoris sue et Richardi et Radulfi filiorum eorum", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][1232]m EMMA, daughter of --- (-after 1079).  "Richardus qui vocatur Turstinus Haralduc cum Emma uxore sua, Eudoque filius eorum" founded the abbey of Essay by undated charter, dated to [1079/87][1233].  Thurstan & his wife had four children: 

a)         EUDES (-after [1081]).  "Richardus qui vocatur Turstinus Haralduc cum Emma uxore sua, Eudoque filius eorum" founded the abbey of Essay by undated charter, dated to [1079/87][1234].  Henry I King of England confirmed the possessions of Holy Trinity, Lessay, including the donations by "Ricardus qui vocatus est Turstinus Haldup et Eudo filius eius", by charter dated 1126[1235].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessay, including donations by "Turstini Haldup et Eudonis filii eius" confirmed by "Roberti de Haia et Murielis uxoris sue et Richardi et Radulfi filiorum eorum", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][1236].  [Vicomte de Contentin.  "…Eudo vicecomes Constantini…" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy granted "Brenerias" to the abbey of Bayeux[1237].  Delisle suggests that Eudes was the son of Thurstan Haldup.  However, it appears more likely that he was the younger brother of Vicomte Néel [II].]  "Eudo filius Turstini" donated his part of "villa…Helville" to the abbey of Marmoutier by charter dated to [1081][1238]

b)         EMMA (-[1095]).  Orderic Vitalis records that “Ernaldus de Escalfoio Willermi Geroiani filius” married “Emmam, Turstini cognomento Haldue filiam”, by whom he had “Willermum et Rainaldum ac Petronillam atque Gevam, aliosque filios et filias”, who after her husband died retired “ad Eudonem fratrem suum Normannici ducis dapiferum” (who was a lord “in pago Constantino”) and lived “pene xxx annis” in her widowhood[1239]m ARNAUD d'Echaufour, son of GUILLAUME & his first wife Hiltrude --- (-I Jan [1065]). 

c)         daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the foundation charter of the priory in which her son Robert de La Haye names himself "son of Ranulf the seneschal of Robert de Mortain" and "nephew of Eudo dapifer" [son of Thurstan Haldup][1240]m RANULF, son of ---.  Seneschal of Robert de Mortain. 

d)         ADELAIDE .  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of la Trinité de Caen, including the donation by "Adelaidis filie Tustini Haldup" of "alteram medietatem ville de Carpiquet", by charter dated to [1180/82][1241]

 

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS de LA HAYE

 

 

According to Domesday Descendants, this family originated in La Haye-du-Puits in the Cotentin, Normandy {Manche}[1242].  The founding charter of Boxgrove Priory in Sussex states that the founder, Robert de La Haye, was "consanguineo" of Henry I King of England.  The precise relationship has not yet been traced. 

 

 

1.         --- (-after Oct 1066).  Seigneur de La Haye.  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "le sire de la Haye" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[1243]m ---.  One child: 

a)         RANULF .  Seneschal of Robert de Mortain.  m ---, daughter of THURSTAN Haldup & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the foundation charter of the priory in which her son Robert de La Haye names himself "son of Ranulf the seneschal of Robert de Mortain" and "nephew of Eudo dapifer" [son of Thurstan Haldup][1244].  Ranulf & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT de La Haye ([1075/80]-[1150]).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex states that it was founded by “Roberti di Haya…consanguineo eius” [referring to King Henry], to whom Henry I King of England had granted “honorem Halnaci” [Halmaker] in Sussex, and given to the abbey of Essay in Normandy[1245].  According to Domesday Descendants, this was land which had been forfeited by William de Ansleville[1246].  In the foundation charter of the priory he names himself "son of Ranulf the seneschal of Robert de Mortain" and "nephew of Eudo dapifer" [son of Thurstan Haldup][1247]Domesday Descendants dates the foundation to "before 1105"[1248], which would place Robert’s birth in [1075/80], bearing in mind his date of death.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Turstini Haldup et Eudonis filii eius" confirmed by "Roberti de Haia et Murielis uxoris sue et Richardi et Radulfi filiorum eorum", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][1249]

-         UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY - LA HAYE

 

 

 

G.      SEIGNEURS de PREAUX

 

 

1.         OSBERT de Préaux (-before 1172).  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that "Osbert de Préaux" donated tithes from harvest in the parish of Bois l’Evêque to the monks of Holy Trinity of Mont-de-Rouen, for his own soul “those of his parents and of the parents of his wife Matildis”, undated, and that his wife and “their sons Simon and John” granted the tythe to the monks in perpetuity (no source citation)[1250].  The date of his death is uncertain.  Osbert certainly died before Henry “the Young King”, son of King Henry II, who died in 1183 as his son Pierre recorded that Henry had been his “lord” in his charter dated to [Jun 1200] which is quoted below.  m ([1163/67]) as her first husband, MATHILDE, daughter of [HAMELIN d'Anjou Earl of Surrey & his first wife ---] (-[30 Mar] [before Jun 1200?] or 1207, bur Foucarmont).  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that "Osbert de Préaux" donated tithes from harvest in the parish of Bois l’Evêque to the monks of Holy Trinity of Mont-de-Rouen, for his own soul “those of his parents and of the parents of his wife Matildis”, undated, and that his wife and “their sons Simon and John” granted the tythe to the monks in perpetuity (no source citation)[1251].  Her first and second marriages are indicated by the charter dated Mar 1233 under which [her daughter by her second marriage] "Ælicia comitissa Augi in viduitate" granted revenue from "molendino de Duno" to “in matrimonium Ælidæ filiæ Petri de Pratellis fratris mei[1252].  Her connection with the Warenne family is indicated by the undated charter under which her daughter “Haelisia comitissa Augy quondam uxor Radulfi de Ysondun comitis Augy” donated property to Roche Abbey, witnessed by “domino Willielmo comite Warennæ avunculo meo…[1253].  Because Mathilde had five children by her first husband who died in [1172], she could not have been the daughter of Hamelin by his wife Isabelle de Warenne.  There are therefore two possibilities: either she was Hamelin’s daughter by an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage or she was the daughter of Isabelle de Warenne by her first marriage.  The latter possibility is unlikely as any daughter of Guillaume de Blois Comte de Boulogne would have been Ctss de Boulogne instead of Guillaume’s sister.  In any case, the chronology would be tight for Mathilde to have been Isabelle’s daughter.  Until more information comes to light, it is supposed that Mathilde was the daughter of Hamelin by an earlier marriage.  She married secondly ([after 1172]) Henri [II] Comte d'Eu.  The wording of the charter of her son Pierre, dated to [Jun 1200], suggests that his mother might have died before that date: “Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni[1254].  If this charter is correctly dated, at least two of the donor’s brothers were alive, while his father was certainly deceased.  Could it be that the unnamed individuals (his parents) were deceased, but the named brothers were all living at the time?  It should be emphasised that this observation is speculative.  The 1390 Chronique des comtes d’Eu records that, after her husband died, Mathilde donated revenue "sur les molins de Torcy le Petit, à une lieue de Longueville le Giffart..." to Foucarmont, witnessed by "ses deux filz Raoul de Eu et Guy"[1255]: the RHGF editor cites the corresponding charter which was witnessed by "...Radulfo de Augo, Guidone fratre eius..."[1256].  The Chronique des comtes d’Eu records that Mathilde died 1207 "et demoura moult long temps en l’abbaye de Foucarmont en sa vefveté, et tenoit son estat à la porte" where she was buried next to her husband[1257].  The obituary of Le Tréport records the anniversary "30 Mar" of "Maltidis Augensis comitissa, Henrici comitis...sponsa"[1258]Europäische Stammtafeln  says that Mathilde married thirdly Henri Seigneur d’Estouteville[1259].  Follow the hyperlink for a discussion of this possibility.  Osbert & his wife had five children (the documents cited below, when read together, suggest that all these children were born to the same mother): 

a)         SIMON de Préaux .  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that "Osbert de Préaux" donated tithes from harvest in the parish of Bois l’Evêque to the monks of Holy Trinity of Mont-de-Rouen, for his own soul “those of his parents and of the parents of his wife Matildis”, undated, and that his wife and “their sons Simon and John” granted the tythe to the monks in perpetuity (no source citation)[1260].  “Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni” by charter dated to [Jun 1200][1261]

b)         ROGER de Préaux .  “Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni” by charter dated to [Jun 1200][1262].  Roger is singled out in the document for a candle to be burned in his memory during masses after the death of the donor, which suggests that he may have been the donor’s favourite brother. 

c)         JEAN de Préaux (-after 4 Apr 1206).  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that "Osbert de Préaux" donated tithes from harvest in the parish of Bois l’Evêque to the monks of Holy Trinity of Mont-de-Rouen, for his own soul “those of his parents and of the parents of his wife Matildis”, undated, and that his wife and “their sons Simon and John” granted the tythe to the monks in perpetuity (no source citation)[1263].  "Johs de Patell et Petrus et Engelm de Patell" were granted property of “Gundolum de Bretemar”, dated Sep 1199[1264].  "...Johe et Pet de Pratell...Engeram de Pratell..." witnessed an order dated 31 Jan 1200[1265]La Roque records that “Jean de Préaux” founded the priory of Sainte Marie de Beaulieu in 1200, as confirmed by a charter of Robert Poulain Archbishop of Rouen concerning the church of “Sainte Marie de Hugleville” dated 16 Jul 1211 and a bull of Pope Honoré III dated 25 Jun 1221[1266]Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni” by charter dated to [Jun 1200][1267].  King John granted custody of "heredem Dun Bard" to “Waltero de Sancto Joh militi...et...J. de Patell” dated 29 Jul 1203[1268].  John King of England confirmed the grant of land “in Tywa” made to "Johi de Patell" by “Rann com Cestr” dated 4 Apr 1206[1269]m ---.  The name of Jean’s wife is not known.  Jean & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUILLAUME de Préaux (-1223).  “Petrus de Pratellis et alii milites...apud Rotomagum” confirmed the terms of peace at Rouen and gave “Guillelmum nepotem meum filium Joannis de Pratellis” as hostage, dated 1 Jun 1204[1270].  John King of England granted "terram que fuit Willi de Lanvalay...Rad de Rouecestr...insulas de Geresye" to “Willo de Pratellis”, dated 19 Mar 1216[1271].  King John granted "manerio de Awelton" to “Willo de Patell” dated 9 Apr 1216[1272]m firstly (before Oct 1215) as her third husband, PHILIPPA d'Alençon, widow firstly of WILLIAM de Roumare Earl of Lincoln and secondly of GUILLAUME [III] Malet de Graville, daughter of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix de Maine [Anjou] (-before [1220]).  m secondly MARIE, daughter of --- (-after 1223).  The Complete Peerage notes that Guillaume left "left a widow Mary when he died"[1273]

ii)         MATHILDE de PréauxLa Roque records the marriage contract of “Jean de Préaux...Matilde sa fille” and “messire Jean de Clere” dated at Beaulieu “vigile de l’Ascension” [18 May] 1216, with “la terre de Hugleville” as her dowry[1274]La Roque names her husband “Jean I Baron de Clere”, older son of Mathieu [II] de Clere and his wife “Richere de Longchamp, sœur de Guillaume de Longchamp evesque d’Ely, Chancelier et Justicier d’Angleterre[1275]m (contract 18 May 1216) JEAN [I] de Clere, son of MATHIEU [II] de Clere & his wife Richère de Longchamp.  La Roque records that “Jean de Clere chevalier” confirmed the donation to Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu made by “son beau-père messire Jean de Préaux” by charter dated 1218, witnessed by “Pierre et Jean de Préaux, et Paul de Boscrohart, le susdit Jean chastelain de Preaux chevalier, fils d’Aubert de Preaux et de Mahaud sa femme ses pere et mere[1276]

d)         PIERRE de Préaux ([1170/72]-after 31 Jan 1207)His parentage is indicated by the charter dated Mar 1233 under which [his half-sister] "Ælicia comitissa Augi in viduitate" granted revenue from "molendino de Duno" to “in matrimonium Ælidæ filiæ Petri de Pratellis fratris mei”, with the consent of “Radulphi filii mei[1277].  It is assumed that Pierre and Enguerrand were born shortly before their father died as they are not named with their mother in the undated charter, cited above, which names her sons Simon and Jean.  "Johs de Patell et Petrus et Engelm de Patell" were granted property of “Gundolum de Bretemar”, dated Sep 1199[1278].  John King of England granted "insulas de Gerse et de Gernere et de Aurene...cum filia et hede Willi com de Insula" to “Petro de Pratell”, dated 14 Jan 1200[1279].  "...Johe et Pet de Pratell...Engeram de Pratell..." witnessed an order dated 31 Jan 1200[1280].  “Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni” by charter dated to [Jun 1200][1281].  "Peter de Préaux" donated "the island of Escrehou" to the church of Sainte-Marie de Valricher, for the soul of “John...King of England who had given him the islands in the English channel”, by charter dated 1203 witnessed by “Engelram de Préaux his brother...[1282].  “Petrus de Pratellis et alii milites...apud Rotomagum” confirmed the terms of peace at Rouen and gave “Guillelmum nepotem meum filium Joannis de Pratellis” as hostage, dated 1 Jun 1204[1283].  "...Pet de Pratell..." witnessed an order dated 31 Jan 1207[1284]m ([Jan 1200]) as her first husband, MARY de Vernon, daughter of WILLIAM de Reviers Earl of Devon & his wife Mabile de Meulan (-after 1244).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey names “Johannam…Willielmi Brewer et Mariam Roberti de Courtney…uxores” as the two daughters of ”Willielmum de Vernona” & his wife, an earlier passage in the same source adding that “domina Maria, juniore filia domini Willielmi de Redveriis comitis Devoniæ” was the wife of “Robertus de Courtenay[1285].  John King of England granted "insulas de Gerse et de Gernere et de Aurene...cum filia et hede Willi com de Insula" to “Petro de Pratell”, dated 14 Jan 1200[1286].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1201 under which “Robertus Comes Melleti” granted property to “Petro de Patett et Marie filie Willi Comitis de Insula filie Mabirie filie mee” on their marriage[1287].  She married secondly Robert de Courtenay of Okehampton, Devon.  Henry III King of England granted "in manerio de Aulton" to "Marie uxori Roberti de Curtenay" dated [Oct] 1226[1288].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Devon, dated 1244, which include "de dominabus, dicunt quod Maria que fuit uxor Roberti de Curtenay est de donacione domini regis et terra eius de Wymple valet x.l"[1289].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 11 May "2 Edw I" following the death of [her son] "John de Corteney alias de Curtenay" record that “William de Vernoun earl of the Isle gave the manor [of Cruk] to Robert de Curtenay father of the said John in free marriage with Mary his daughter[1290].  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

i)          ALIX .  "Ælicia comitissa Augi in viduitate" granted revenue from "molendino de Duno" to “in matrimonium Ælidæ filiæ Petri de Pratellis fratris mei”, with the consent of “Radulphi filii mei”, by charter dated Mar 1233[1291]m ([Mar 1233]) ---. 

e)         ENGUERRAND de Préaux ([1170/72]-before 1228)It is assumed that Pierre and Enguerrand were born shortly before their father died as they are not named with their mother in the undated charter, cited above, which names her sons Simon and Jean.  "Johs de Patell et Petrus et Engelm de Patell" were granted property of “Gundolum de Bretemar”, dated Sep 1199[1292].  "...Johe et Pet de Pratell...Engeram de Pratell..." witnessed an order dated 31 Jan 1200[1293].  “Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni” by charter dated to [Jun 1200][1294].  An order of King John dated 11 May 1201 granted permission to go abroad to "fideli militi nostro Engelram de Patell"[1295].  "Peter de Préaux" donated "the island of Escrehou" to the church of Sainte-Marie de Valricher, for the soul of “John...King of England who had given him the islands in the English channel”, by charter dated 1203 witnessed by “Engelram de Préaux his brother...[1296].  King John ordered the sheriff of Oxfordshire to grant land "i Blokesham" to “Ingeram de Patell” in exchange for “manerio de Moredon q dedit Willo de Cav” dated 1204[1297]m (after [1195]) as her second husband, SIBYLLA, widow of WALTER de Dunstanville, daughter of --- (-after 1230).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Engelramus de Pratellis…et Sibilla uxor eius" against "Thomam Basset" for "terciam partem de Colintona…dotem ipsius Sibille et Walterus de Dunstanuilla quondam vir suus"[1298]Enguerrand & his wife had one child: 

i)          ENGUERRAND de PréauxHenry III King of England granted "terris quas predictus Engeramus pater suus tenuit" to "Engeramo filio Engerami de Pratellis" dated 1228[1299]

 

 

[Two] brothers: 

1.         GUILLAUME de Préaux (-after 31 Jan 1204).  “…Willelmo et Engerranno de Pratell fratribus…” subscribed the charter dated to [Jun 1200] under which Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni[1300].  King John granted "terram cum Sapio cum ptin suis et honorem de Okementon" to “Willo de Patell” dated 27 Nov 1203[1301].  Two orders of King John dated 31 Jan 1204 released "Willo de Patell" from obligations and confirmed “posuit i wanasta [warnesta] castelli de Valle Rod [Vallerod][1302]

2.         [ENGUERRAND de Préaux (-after [Jun 1200]).  …Willelmo et Engerranno de Pratell fratribus…” subscribed the charter dated to [Jun 1200] under which Petrus de Pratell” donated annual revenue to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu, for the salvation of “mee et patris mei et matris mee et fratrum meorum...Simonis et Rogeri, Iohannis et Engerranni[1303].  The absence of Guillaume from the list of the donor’s brothers in the body of the charter suggests that he was not Pierre’s brother, and therefore that Guillaume’s brother Enguerrand was a different person from Pierre’s brother of the same name who is named above.] 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the family relationships between the following individuals have not been identified. 

 

1.         JEAN de Préaux...Johanne de Pratellis...Guillelmo de Pratellis...” witnessed the charter dated “in media XL” 1213 (O.S.) which records the judgment in a claim brought by “Guillelmus Paganelli” against “domini Radulfi Tesson[1304]The Fine Rolls record the king waiving debts of “Johe de Patell avunculo suo” if "Johs de Patell" provided security, dated 21 Mar 1233[1305]

 

2.         GUILLAUME de Préaux...Johanne de Pratellis...Guillelmo de Pratellis...” witnessed the charter dated “in media XL” 1213 (O.S.) which records the judgment in a claim brought by “Guillelmus Paganelli” against “domini Radulfi Tesson[1306]

 

3.         PIERRE de Préaux (-before 1242)Courcelles records Pierre as son of Guillaume de Préaux who married Philippa d’Alençon (see above)[1307].  This suggestion appears impossible chronologically.  The primary source which confirms this parentage has not been identified.  m (before 1216) ISABELLE d’Estouteville, daughter of HENRI Seigneur d’Estouteville & his wife Mathilde d’Eu (-after 1242).  Morandière cites a charter dated 1216 under which "Ysabel", daughter of Henri d’Estouteville, "avec son mari Pierre de Préaux" donated rights over "les moulins de Bec-de-Mortagne" to Beaulieu abbey, confirmed by her as a widow in 1242[1308]

 

4.         ROGER de Préaux (-1253, bur Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu).  La Roque records the epitaph at Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu of “Roger de Preaux” who died in 1253 and who had married “Luce Painel” (no parentage specified)[1309]m LUCIE Paynell, daughter of ---.  La Roque records the epitaph at Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu of “Roger de Preaux” who died in 1253 and who had married “Luce Painel[1310].  Lucie has not yet been identified in the Paynell family (see the documents UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY P-S and above in the present document). 

 

 

1.         --- de Préaux (-before 1219)m as her first husband, GODDE, daughter of --- (-after Mar 1234).  She married secondly (before 1219) as his second wife, Robert de Coucy Seigneur de Pinon.  "Godde dame de Raineval femme de Robert de Coucy seigneur de Pinon" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens, with the consent of "Jean, Florent, Willaume, Raoul et Simon ses enfants", by charter dated 1219[1311].  "Ioannis de Pratellis militis domini de Reneval" donated property to Amiens cathedral, with the consent of "nobilis dominæ Godæ matris suæ", by charter dated Mar 1234[1312].  The Lignages de Coucy (written in 1303) record that "Robers...de Pignon" married “madame Godde de --- si ot de luy un fils...Iehan qui fut sires de Pignon apres son pere” and married “Marguerite seur monsieur Nicole de Morlaines” and had “un fils et plusieurs filles”, that “le fils...Robers” married “l’hoir de Perreumont” and had “plusieurs enfans”, that “l’une des filles...Jehan sieur de Pignon” married “au sieur de Bailleux qui en ot un fils...Jehan...[qui] mourut sans hoirs de son corps...et une fille que le sire d’Argilliers ot à femme” and that “la seconde fille...Jehan sieur de Pignon” married “au sieur de Ballaimmont en Henault[1313].  It is possible that the son of Godde who is named in this passage refers to her son by her first marriage.  Five children: 

a)         JEAN de Préaux (-after Mar 1234).  "Godde dame de Raineval femme de Robert de Coucy seigneur de Pinon" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens, with the consent of "Jean, Florent, Willaume, Raoul et Simon ses enfants", by charter dated 1219[1314].  Seigneur de Raineval.  "Ioannis de Pratellis militis domini de Reneval" donated property to Amiens cathedral, with the consent of "nobilis dominæ Godæ matris suæ", by charter dated Mar 1234[1315]

b)         FLORENT de Préaux .  "Godde dame de Raineval femme de Robert de Coucy seigneur de Pinon" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens, with the consent of "Jean, Florent, Willaume, Raoul et Simon ses enfants", by charter dated 1219[1316]

c)         GUILLAUME de Préaux .  "Godde dame de Raineval femme de Robert de Coucy seigneur de Pinon" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens, with the consent of "Jean, Florent, Willaume, Raoul et Simon ses enfants", by charter dated 1219[1317]

d)         RAOUL de Préaux .  "Godde dame de Raineval femme de Robert de Coucy seigneur de Pinon" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens, with the consent of "Jean, Florent, Willaume, Raoul et Simon ses enfants", by charter dated 1219[1318]

e)         SIMON de Préaux .  "Godde dame de Raineval femme de Robert de Coucy seigneur de Pinon" donated property to Saint-Fuscian lés Amiens, with the consent of "Jean, Florent, Willaume, Raoul et Simon ses enfants", by charter dated 1219[1319]

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the family relationships between the following individuals have not been identified. 

 

1.         [JEAN de Préaux (-[11 Jun] [1303], bur Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu).  Courcelles records Jean as son of Guillaume de Préaux who married Philippa d’Alençon (see above)[1320].  The primary source which confirms this parentage has not been identified.  La Roque records the epitaph at Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu of “Jean de Preaux” who died 1303 “le jour Saint Barnabé[1321].  corrects his date of death to 1330[1322].  Is it correct, as indicated by Courcelles, that there two individuals named Jean de Préaux, one who died in 1303 and the other in 1330?] 

 

2.         PIERRE de Préaux (-29 Sep 1311, bur Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu)Courcelles records Pierre as son of Jean de Préaux who died in 1303 (see above)[1323].  The primary source which confirms this parentage has not been identified.  “Comes Marchie, dominus Guido de Marchia miles et Petrus de Pratellis armiger pro se et uxore sua” sued “magister Guillelmus de Perona canonicus Remensis” related property donated to Reims, dated 1274[1324].  La Roque records the epitaph at Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu of “Pierre de Preaux” who died 1311 “le lendemain de la feste Saint Michel Archange” (29 Sep)[1325]m (before 1274) YOLANDE de Lusignan, daughter of HUGUES [XII] "le Brun" Comte de la Marche et d'Angoulême, Seigneur de Lusignan & his wife Yolande de Bretagne ([1237/50]-10 Nov 1305, bur Prieuré de Beaulieu).  Père Anselme records her parentage, her first marriage to “N. comte de Glocestre” (which confuses Yolande with her sister Alix named above), her [second] marriage to “Pierre I...seigneur de Préaux en Normandie”, her death 2 Nov 1306, and her burial “au prieuré de Beaulieu, près Rouen” (without citing any sources on which the information is based)[1326].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified, but they are indicated by the following document: Comes Marchie, dominus Guido de Marchia miles et Petrus de Pratellis armiger pro se et uxore sua” sued “magister Guillelmus de Perona canonicus Remensis” related property donated to Reims, dated 1274[1327]La Roque records the epitaph at Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu of “Yolande de la Marche...fille du comte de la Marche frere du roy d’Angleterre et sa mere fille du duc de Bretagne”, wife of Pierre de Préaux, who died 10 Nov 1305[1328]

 

3.         JEAN de Préaux (-[11 Jun] [1330], bur Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu)Courcelles records Jean as son of Pierre de Préaux and his wife Yolande de Lusignan (see above)[1329].  The primary source which confirms this parentage has not been identified.  La Roque records the epitaph at Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu of “Jean de Preaux” who died 1303 “le jour Saint Barnabé[1330].  Courcelles corrects his date of death to 1330[1331].  Is it correct, as indicated by Courcelles, that there were two individuals named Jean de Préaux, one who died in 1303 and the other in 1330?  m CATHERINE Malet, daughter of [JEAN [II] Malet Seigneur de Graville & his wife Anne de Wavrin] (-22 Feb 1331, bur Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu).  Dupplesis records the burial at Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu of “Catherine Mallet”, wife of Jean de Préaux, who died 22 Feb 1331[1332].  Alternatively, the chronology seems compatible with Catherine being the daughter of Jean [I] Malet.  The primary source which records her parentage and marriage has not been identified.  Duchesne names Catherine as daughter of “Jean Malet II...seigneur de Gueraville, Sées et Bernay...[et sa] femme Anne de S. Venant fille de Robert Seigneur de Sainct-Venant[1333]

 

4.         ROBERT de Préaux (-3 May 1341, bur Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu).  Courcelles records Robert as son of Pierre de Préaux and his wife Yolande de Lusignan (see above)[1334].  The primary source which confirms this parentage has not been identified.  La Roque records the epitaph at Sainte-Marie de Beaulieu of “Robert de Preaux archidiacre de Rouen” who died 3 May 1301[1335].  Duplessis corrects his date of death to 3 May 1341[1336]

 

5.         PIERRE de Préaux (-[1360]).  Courcelles records Pierre as son of Jean de Préaux and his wife Catherine Malet (see above)[1337].  The primary source which confirms this parentage has not been identified.  Seigneur de Préaux.  Seigneur de Thury et de Dangu, de iure uxoris.  m (after Apr 1327) as her second husband, BLANCHE Crespin, widow of LOUIS Seigneur de Ferrières, daughter of JEAN Crespin Seigneur de Dangu & his wife Jeanne d’Avaugour (-after 1367).  Le Prévost records her parentage and two marriages without citing any source on which he bases the information[1338].  La Roque records that “Jean de Préaux” married “Blanche Crespin dame de Dangu fille de Guillaume Crespin Barton du Bec-crespin et sire de Mauny et de Jeanne d’Avaugour[1339].  Blanche “dame de Préaux, Thury et Dangu” was named in a charter dated 1365[1340].  She was named in the 1367 document relating to her daughter Marguerite cited below.  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

a)         MARGUERITE de Préaux (-1417)Le Prévost records her parentage and two marriages, noting her first husband’s parents and his death without children in 1365 (no sources cited)[1341].  After her first husband died, Marguerite was “mise sous la curatelle de sa mère” by royal order dated 1367[1342]m firstly JEAN Seigneur de la Rivière, son of JEAN Seigneur de la Rivière & his wife Isabelle Daugerant (-1365, bur Paris église de Sainte Catherine du Val des Ecoliers).  Chambellan of Charles V King of France.  m secondly (before Oct 1387) JACQUES de Bourbon Seigneur de Dargies, son of JACQUES de Bourbon Comte de la Marche et de Ponthieu & his wife Jeanne de Châtillon dame de Leuzé et de Condé (1346-before Sep 1417). 

b)         JEANNE de PréauxLe Prévost records her parentage and marriage, noting her husband’s parents as well as the couple’s descendants, without citing any sources on which he bases the information[1343].  Her descendants succeeded as Seigneurs de Préaux after the extinction of the descendants of her older sister Marguerite.  Polonovski names Blanche as mother of “Jean III de Ferrières”, his wife Marguerite d’Harcourt (daughter of Guillaume d’Harcourt, son of Isabelle de Parthenay, and Blanche de Bray, daughter of Guillaume de Bray) and their children Jean, Charles and Guillaume de Ferrières[1344].  This information has not been verified.  m GAUVAIN de Ferrières, son of JEAN [III] de Ferrières & his wife Marguerite d’Harcourt. 

 

 

1.        

 

 

 

 

 



[1] Le Prévost ‘Anciennes divisions territoriales de la Normandie’ (1837-39), p. 1. 

[2] Houts (2000), p. 91 footnote 59, quoting Potts (1992) 'The earliest Norman counts revisited: the lords of Mortain', The Haskins Society Journal, 4 (1992) pp. 23-37 [not yet consulted]. 

[3] Vita Gauzlini, Liber I, X (1853), pp. 282-3. 

[4] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 1. 

[5] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 1. 

[6] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 1. 

[7] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 1. 

[8] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 1. 

[9] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, I, p. 1. 

[10] Vita Gauzlini, Liber I, X (1853), pp. 282-3. 

[11] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 99. 

[12] Depoin ‘Les vicomtes de Corbeil’ (1899), Pièces justificatives, II, p. 42. 

[13] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, XVI, p. 275. 

[14] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 99. 

[15] Douet-D’Arcq (1855), p. lxv, quoting Félibien Histoire de l’abbaye de Saint-Denis pr. ii partie, p. clxix. 

[16] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, p. 246, footnote (1). 

[17] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XV, p. 246. 

[18] ES III 694B. 

[19] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, II, p. 270. 

[20] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, III, p. 268. 

[21] Willelmi Malmesbiriensis, Liber III, 277, p. 333. 

[22] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XV, p. 246. 

[23] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1032, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 784-5. 

[24] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 99. 

[25] Quoted in CP VII 125 footnote g (from previous page). 

[26] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 201. 

[27] Quoted in CP VII 125 footnote g (from previous page). 

[28] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, III, p. 268. 

[29] Florence of Worcester, 1088, p. 186. 

[30] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XV, p. 246. 

[31] Geoffrey Richard Driscoll Tobin in a private email to the author dated 21 Aug 2015. 

[32] Rennes Saint-Georges, XIII, p. 238. 

[33] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 99. 

[34] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, XVI, p. 275. 

[35] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber III, XI, p. 121. 

[36] CP III 428. 

[37] Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire XCII, p. 241. 

[38] Florence of Worcester, 1088, p. 186, and CP III 428. 

[39] RHGF XXIII, Ex Obituario ecclesiæ Moretoniensis, p. 583. 

[40] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XIII, p. 412. 

[41] Round (1899) 716, p. 256. 

[42] Dugdale Monasticon V, Montacute Priory, Somerset, II, p. 165. 

[43] Round (1899) 716, p. 256. 

[44] Round (1899) 716, p. 256. 

[45] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 85. 

[46] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1032, MGH SS XXIII, p. 785. 

[47] Robert de Torigny, Tome I, 1159, p. 319. 

[48] Round (1899) 716, p. 256. 

[49] William of Malmesbury, II, p. 473, cited in CP VII 129 footnote d. 

[50] Dugdale Monasticon V, Montacute Priory, Somerset, II, p. 165. 

[51] Bath St Peter 42, p. 46. 

[52] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, p. 53. 

[53] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, p. 55. 

[54] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 95. 

[55] Round (1899), 1209, p. 436. 

[56] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, XXVIII, p. 455. 

[57] Robert de Torigny, Tome I, 1159, p. 319. 

[58] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 63, p. 63, extract only, citing Cartulaire du Ronceray CCCLXIII. 

[59] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 64, p. 63. 

[60] Château-du-Loir 51, p. 27. 

[61] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 67, p. 65. 

[62] Robert de Torigny, Tome I, 1159, p. 319. 

[63] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, XXVII, p. 362. 

[64] Gallia Christiana, Tome II, Instrumenta, col. 484. 

[65] Gallia Christiana, Tome II, col. 1068. 

[66] Saintes Notre-Dame, LXXVI, p. 69.

[67] Gallia Christiana, Tome II, col. 1128. 

[68] Gallia Christiana, Tome II, Instrumenta, col. 484. 

[69] Gallia Christiana, Tome II, col. 1068. 

[70] Robert de Torigny, Tome I, 1159, p. 319. 

[71] ‘Les paroisses de Vitré, leurs origins et leur organisation ancienne’, Bulletin de l’Association bretonne (1876) Tome XIX, Pièces justificatives II, p. 134. 

[72] Gallia Christiana, Tome II, Instrumenta, col. 484. 

[73] Gallia Christiana, Tome II, col. 1068. 

[74] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, III, p. 268. 

[75] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XV, p. 246. 

[76] Florence of Worcester, 1088, p. 186. 

[77] Geoffrey Richard Driscoll Tobin in a private email to the author dated 21 Aug 2015. 

[78] Rennes Saint-Georges, XIII, p. 238. 

[79] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, XVI, p. 275. 

[80] Brevis Relatio de Origine Willelmi Conquestoris, p. 22. 

[81] CP VII 126. 

[82] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber IV, I, p. 167. 

[83] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, p. 1. 

[84] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. II, p. 243, and Florence of Worcester, 1074, p. 178. 

[85] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. III, p. 189, Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 43, and Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, E, 1082 and 1086 [1087]. 

[86] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XV, p. 246. 

[87] Florence of Worcester, 1087, p. 185. 

[88] Florence of Worcester, 1088, p. 186. 

[89] CP VII 129. 

[90] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. IV, Liber X, IV, p. 17. 

[91] Willelmi Malmesbiriensis, Vol. II, Liber III, 277, p. 334. 

[92] Ex obituario Gemmeticensi, RHGF XXIII, p. 417. 

[93] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 379. 

[94] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. III, p. 264. 

[95] Planché (1874), Vol. I, p. 88, and Vol. II, p. 286. 

[96] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XV, p. 246. 

[97] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 33, p. 36. 

[98] Quoted in CP VII 125 footnote g (from previous page). 

[99] Domesday Translation, Norfolk, p. 1102. 

[100] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1913), Vol. I, 150, p. 41. 

[101] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, VI, p. 270. 

[102] Louviers, Tome I, II, p. 3. 

[103] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 7, p. 8, citing Neustria pia, p. 398. 

[104] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 9, p. 10. 

[105] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 16, p. 17. 

[106] Rouen Sainte-Trinité, 2, p. 423. 

[107] Jumièges, Tome I, 20, p. 63. 

[108] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 22, p. 26. 

[109] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, VI, p. 270. 

[110] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Duchesne, 1619), Liber VII, VI, p. 270. 

[111] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 22, p. 26. 

[112] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 25, p. 28. 

[113] Saint-Florent Saumur (Chartes normandes), 6, p. 670. 

[114] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 28, p. 39. 

[115] Extrait de la Chronique de Normandie, RHGF XIII, p. 237. 

[116] Rouen Sainte-Trinité, 67, p. 455. 

[117] Bayeux (Livre noir), Tome I, II, p. 3. 

[118] CP III 164. 

[119] Dugdale Monasticon II, Chester St Werburgh, I, p. 384.   

[120] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, III, p. 283. 

[121] A nickname attributed to him later because of his rapacity: CP III 164. 

[122] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber IV, VII, p. 219. 

[123] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 309. 

[124] Durham Liber Vitæ, folio 52, p. 78. 

[125] Orderic Vitalis (Chibnall), Vol. IV, Book VIII, p. 285. 

[126] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, X, p. 197. 

[127] Chartres Saint-Père, Tome II, Liber Quartus, 27, p. 534. 

[128] Round (1899), 622, p. 218. 

[129] Chartres Saint-Père, Tome II, Liber Quartus, 27, p. 534. 

[130] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 22, p. 26. 

[131] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 7, p. 8, citing Neustria pia, p. 398. 

[132] Delisle (1867), Pièces justificatives, 16, p. 17. 

[133] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VIII, I, p. 261. 

[134] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[135] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Devonshire, p. 155. 

[136] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Devonshire, p. 155. 

[137] Domesday Descendants, p. 263, citing Barraclough Charters of the Anglo-Norman Earls of Chester, no. 10. 

[138] Dugdale Monasticon V, Forde Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 378.  

[139] Dugdale Monasticon V, Forde Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 378. 

[140] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 378. 

[141] Collectanea Topographica Genealogica, Vol. I, XLVI, List of charters in the cartulary of St Nicholas Priory, at Exeter, 151, p. 188. 

[142] Collectanea Topographica Genealogica, Vol. I, XLVI, List of charters in the cartulary of St Nicholas Priory, at Exeter, 341, p. 382. 

[143] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. II, 170, p. 137. 

[144] Dugdale Monasticon V, Ford Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 378. 

[145] Bracton’s Note Book, Vol. III, 1569, p. 450. 

[146] Dugdale Monasticon V, Forde Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 378. 

[147] Dugdale Monasticon V, Forde Abbey, Devonshire I, p. 378. 

[148] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[149] Round (1899), 710, p. 252. 

[150] Gallia Christiana, Vol. XI, Instrumenta, col. 60. 

[151] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[152] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Drax Priory, Yorkshire, II, p. 196. 

[153] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCII, p. 204. 

[154] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 77. 

[155] Neustria Pia, p. 822. 

[156] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[157] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[158] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[159] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[160] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[161] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1837) Rotuli Chartarum in Turri Londinensi, Vol. I, Part I 1199-1216 (London) ("Rotuli Chartarum"), 16 John, p. 207. 

[162] Delisle (1867), p. 35, citing Cartulaire de Hambie, n. 170. 

[163] Ex Chronico Savigniacensis Monasterii, RHGF XVIII, p. 351. 

[164] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, 2129, p. 202. 

[165] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, 2129, p. 202. 

[166] Le Baud (1638), Les Chroniques de Vitré, p. 36. 

[167] Delisle (1864), 90, p. 24. 

[168] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 314, p. 197, extract only, citing Registre de l’Echiquier de Normandie, folio 55, note at Borderie Actes, p. 153. 

[169] Delisle (1864) Jugements, p. 35, footnote 1. 

[170] Delisle (1864) Jugements, 137, p. 35. 

[171] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 207. 

[172] Delisle (1864), 212, p. 55. 

[173] Matthew Paris, Vol. III, pp. 197-8. 

[174] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 880. 

[175] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccx, footnote. 

[176] Delisle (1864), 666, p. 147. 

[177] Delisle (1867) Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, p. 39. 

[178] Fontenay le Marmion, Introduction, p. xxx footnote 3, quoting Archives nationales, X ic 43.  

[179] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 207. 

[180] Delisle (1864) Jugements, p. 35, footnote 1. 

[181] Delisle (1864) Jugements, 137, p. 35, and 203, 221, pp. 52, 56. 

[182] Delisle (1867), p. 39, footnote (3), citing Cartul. de Hambie, n. 19. 

[183] Delisle (1867), p. 39, footnote (3). 

[184] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. ccx, footnote. 

[185] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. II, p. lvi. 

[186] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. 6, The Paynel Fee, p. 28, citing Inventaire Sommaire des Archives de la Manche, Série H, Vol. III (Saint-Lô, 1912), p. 3. 

[187] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. 6, The Paynel Fee, p. 28, citing “Le Cacheux, P. Essai historique sur l’Hôtel-Dieu de Coutances, ii, 45”  . 

[188] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. 6, The Paynel Fee, p. 28, citing Inventaire Sommaire des Archives de la Manche, Série H, Vol. III (Saint-Lô, 1912), p. 4. 

[189] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 437. 

[190] Domesday Descendants, p. 1056. 

[191] Delisle (1864), 30, p. 9. 

[192] Domesday Descendants, p. 1056. 

[193] Delisle (1864), 30, p. 9. 

[194] RHGF, Tome XXIII, 17, p. 612. 

[195] Matthew Paris, Vol. III, pp. 197-8. 

[196] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, 2129, p. 202. 

[197] Delisle (1864), 666, p. 147. 

[198] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. 6, The Paynel Fee, p. 29, citing “Extracts from the Hambye Chartulary, Archives of La Manche, H 4309, f. 7d”  . 

[199] La Roque (1662), Tome II, p. 1070. 

[200] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. 6, The Paynel Fee, p. 29, citing “Extracts from the Hambye Chartulary, Archives of La Manche, H 4309, ff. 11, 16d”  . 

[201] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. 6, The Paynel Fee, p. 29, citing “Extracts from the Hambye Chartulary, Archives of La Manche, H 4309, f. 17d”  . 

[202] La Roque (1662), Tome II, p. 1070. 

[203] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. 6, The Paynel Fee, p. 29, citing Inventaire Sommaire des Archives de la Manche, Série H, Vol. III (1912), p. 4. 

[204] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. 6, The Paynel Fee, p. 29, citing Inventaire Sommaire des Archives de la Manche, Série H, Vol. III (1912), p. 4. 

[205] La Chesnaye-Desbois, F. A. A. de & Badier (1869) Dictionnaire de la Noblesse, 3rd edn. (Paris), Tome XV, pp. 540-1. 

[206] La Roque (1662), Tome II, p. 1070. 

[207] La Roque (1662), Tome II, p. 1070. 

[208] La Roque (1662), Tome II, p. 1070. 

[209] Longnon (1903) Rouen, pp. 283-4. 

[210] La Roque (1662), Tome II, p. 1070. 

[211] La Roque (1662), Tome II, pp. 1817, 1827. 

[212] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 160. 

[213] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 160. 

[214] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 160. 

[215] Fierville (1867), p. 157. 

[216] Fierville (1867), p. 157, citing “Cartulaire de Tournebu, p. 97”. 

[217] La Roque (1662), Tome IV, p. 1260. 

[218] La Roque (1662), Tome IV, p. 1257. 

[219] La Roque (1662), Tome IV, p. 1266. 

[220] La Roque (1662), Tome IV, p. 1259. 

[221] La Roque (1662), Tome II, p. 1070. 

[222] Polonovski ‘Noble lignée Hambie-Painel’ (Oct-Dec 1994). 

[223] La Roque (1662), Tome III, p. 377. 

[224] I am grateful to Jean Bunot for drawing my attention to this question by email dated 8 Jan 2021.  

[225] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 59. 

[226] Inventaire-Sommaire des Archives départementales, Loire-Inférieure, Tome 3 (Nantes, 1879), E 218, p. 93. 

[227] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 108, citing Archives de la Manche, H 4457. 

[228] Longnon (1903) Rouen, p. 284. 

[229] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 108, citing “original communiqué par feu M. Lemennicier, curé de Saint-Germain-de-Tournebu”. 

[230] Maubuisson (Dutilleux & Depoin) (1882), p. 28. 

[231] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 110, citing Archives de la Manche, H 4439. 

[232] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 110-11. 

[233] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 111, citing Obituaire de l’abbaye de Hambye, Arch. de la Manche, H 4309. 

[234] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[235] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 113, citing Arch. de la Manche, H 4309, 4450. 

[236] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 113. 

[237] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[238] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 111, 121-2. 

[239] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 122. 

[240] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[241] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 111. 

[242] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 113, citing Arch. de la Manche, H 4309, 4450. 

[243] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[244] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 113-14. 

[245] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[246] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 111. 

[247] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 113, citing Arch. de la Manche, H 4309, 4450. 

[248] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[249] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 115-16, 118. 

[250] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 119-20. 

[251] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 118-20. 

[252] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 116-18, 120. 

[253] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[254] Polonovski ‘Noble lignée Hambie-Painel’ (Oct-Dec 1994). 

[255] La Roque (1662), Tome III, p. 378. 

[256] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[257] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 122. 

[258] Gallia Christiana, Tome VII, col. 932.  

[259] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[260] Gallia Christiana, Tome VII, col. 932. 

[261] Maubuisson (Dutilleux & Depoin) (1882), p. 28. 

[262] Maubuisson (Dutilleux & Depoin) (1882), p. 28, The “Notes” are discussed at “Avertissement”, p. II and p. 81. 

[263] Maubuisson (Dutilleux & Depoin) (1882), pp. 109, 129-30. 

[264] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 59. 

[265] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[266] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[267] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 122. 

[268] La Roque, Tome I, p. 81. 

[269] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 112, citing Archives de la Manche, H 4439. 

[270] Delachenal, Tome I (1910), p. 39. 

[271] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 112, citing Arch. du Vatican, Reg. Avignon d’Innocent VI, t. 5, fol. 70. 

[272] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 112, citing Obituaire de l’abbaye de Hambye, Arch. de la Manche, H 4309. 

[273] Bricquebec, 117, p. 302. 

[274] Père Anselme, Tome VIII, p. 621. 

[275] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 112. 

[276] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 123. 

[277] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 123, citing Arch. du Vatican, Reg. Avignon, Clement VI, t. 55, fol. 36, 220. 

[278] Fontenay-le-Marmion, p. xxxiv. 

[279] Angers (2010), p. 25. 

[280] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 123-6. 

[281] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 124, citing Arch. de la Manche, H 4309. 

[282] La Roque (1662), Tome II, p. 1853. 

[283] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 126. 

[284] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 132. 

[285] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 134. 

[286] Broussillon (1893), Tome II, 912, p. 106. 

[287] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 135-6. 

[288] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 137-8. 

[289] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 137-8. 

[290] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 133. 

[291] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 131. 

[292] Chantilly Archives, p. 163. 

[293] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 126. 

[294] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 124, citing Arch. de la Manche, H 4309. 

[295] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 127-8. 

[296] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 127-8. 

[297] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 124, citing Arch. de la Manche, H 4309. 

[298] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), pp. 129-30. 

[299] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 124, citing Arch. de la Manche, H 4309. 

[300] Duchesne (1631) Dreux, Dreux, Preuves, p. 314. 

[301] Le Cacheux ‘Les Painel’ (1934, 1935), p. 126. 

[302] Richemond (1908), Vol. II, pp. 96-7. 

[303] Richemond (1908), Vol. II, p. 96. 

[304] Furgeot (1960), Tome II, 8175, p. 249. 

[305] Furgeot (1960), Tome II, 8756, p. 296. 

[306] Furgeot (1960), Tome II, 8759, p. 296. 

[307] La Roque (1662), Tome IV, p. 1628. 

[308] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 411. 

[309] La Roque (1662), Tome IV, p. 1631. 

[310] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 411. 

[311] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXVIII, p. 354. 

[312] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1956), Vol. II, Appendix, CLXXVIII, p. 354. 

[313] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. IV, Boxgrave Priory, VI, p. 646. 

[314] Dugdale Monasticon, Vol. IV, Boxgrave Priory, VI, p. 646. 

[315] CP XI 340. 

[316] Round (1899), 724, p. 259.  <