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tours ARCHBISHOPRIC

  v3.0 Updated 24 July 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                ARCHBISHOPS of TOURS. 2

Chapter 2.                BISHOPS of ALET. 4

Chapter 3.                BISHOPS of ANGERS. 4

Chapter 4.                BISHOPS of DOL. 4

Chapter 5.                BISHOPS of LE MANS. 5

Chapter 6.                BISHOPS of LEON. 7

Chapter 7.                BISHOPS of NANTES. 7

Chapter 8.                BISHOPS of QUIMPER. 7

Chapter 9.                BISHOPS of RENNES. 7

Chapter 10.              BISHOPS of SAINT BRIEUC. 7

Chapter 11.              BISHOPS of TREGUIER. 7

Chapter 12.              BISHOPS of VANNES. 7

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document sets out the families of the archbishops of Tours and of the bishops of the eleven bishoprics which lay within the archiepiscopal diocese.  At present, the document is only partially completed.  It has been uploaded in Medieval Lands at this early stage in its development mainly to complete the hyperlinks to other documents. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    ARCHBISHOPS of TOURS

 

 

The precise relationship between the following family group and Hugues [Duke of Burgundy] (their "propinquus", see below) has not been identified.  The issue is complicated by the fact that Ingelger, husband of Adelais, was the son of Petronilla and Tertullus (see above).  This suggests that the relationship (if there was one) may have been a remote one, maybe indirectly through one of the wives of Hugues or his father. 

1.         ---.  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ADELAIS .  The Historia Comitum Andegavorum records that Ingelger married "Rursus Adelardus et Raymo ambo germani fratres, Turonensium et Andegavensium pontifices, neptem suam Aelindis" and that her dowry consisted of "alodiis suis…Ambazio, Busenciaco et Castellione"[1].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that Ingelger married "Landonensis castri sive Gastinensis pagi consul nomine Gaufredus…filiam unicam…Adelam", and thereby inherited "Landonensi castro" as she was the heir of her father who had no surviving male issue[2], but this text may confuse Ingelger's wife with the first wife of Comte Foulques II "le Bon", Gerberge de Gâtinais.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that, after the death of her husband, Adelais was unjustly accused of adultery by a group of nobles led by "Guntrannus parens Ingelgerii" but later exonerated[3]m INGELGER, son of [TERTULLUS & his wife Petronilla of Burgundy] (-[888], bur Châteauneuf église Saint-Martin).   

2.         ADALHARD .  "Karolus…imperator augustus" confirmed a donation by "Hugo…propinquus noster" of property "villam Apiarias in pago Aurelianensi" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" at the request of "Odo comes" by charter dated 27 Oct 886[4]Archbishop of Tours

3.         RAINO .  "Karolus…imperator augustus" confirmed a donation by "Hugo…propinquus noster" of property "villam Apiarias in pago Aurelianensi" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" at the request of "Odo comes" by charter dated 27 Oct 886[5]Bishop of Angers

 

 

1.         ROBERT (-killed 931).  Archbishop of Tours .  Flodoard records in 931 that “Rotbertus archiepiscopum Turonensis æcclesiæ”, returning from Rome, was killed “sub Alpibus...a latronibus[6]

 

 

1.         ARCHAMBAUD de Sully, son of ARCHAMBAUD [I] Sire de Sully & his wife --- (-after 1005).  The Miracula Sancti Bernardi names "Soliacensis castri…possessor quidam Herbertus, Herchenaldo genitus patre" and his brother "Archembaldum, Turonicæ ecclesiæ nunc archipræsulem"[7].  As the work in question was written in 1005, it is suggested that "nunc" in this passage indicates that Archambaud was still alive at that date[8].  Abbé de Fleury.  Archbishop of Tours 986. 

 

 

Two siblings:

1.         HUGUES de Châteaudun, son of HUGUES Vicomte de Châteaudun & his wife Hildegarde du Perche (-10 Jun 1026).  "Hildegardis, vicecomitissa Castridunensis" donated property "alodum meum de Bello Monte" to "sanctissimo Petro Carnotensis cœnobii", with the consent of "filio meo Hugone, archiepiscopo Turonorum", by charter dated to 1020, signed by "Hugo archipræsul., Gausfridi nepotis eius…Helgaudi filii archiepiscopi…"[9].  His mother's name is confirmed by the necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XVIII Kal Mai" of "Hildegardis vicecomitissa de Castellodunis", stating that "filius eius Hugo Turonensis episcopus" donated property at "Viverus" for her soul[10]Vicomte de Châteaudun 980/1003.  "…Hugonis vicecomitis, Alonis fratris eius…" signed the charter dated 996 which records the confirmation by "comitissæ Berthæ" of the donation by "Odo comes" of property for the construction of the abbey of Bourgeuil, with the consent of "filiorum suorum Teobaldi…atque Odonis"[11].  Deacon at Tours cathedral 996/1001.  Archbishop of Tours 1005.  “...Hugo Turonorum Archiepiscopus...” subscribed the charter dated to [1008] under which Robert II King of France confirmed donations to Saint-Denis[12].  The necrology of Chartres Cathedral records the death “IV Id Jun” of “Hugo Turonorum archiepiscopus” and his donation of “alodum suum de Vivariis[13]

2.         --- de Châteaudun .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (before 989) ALBERT [II] de la Ferté-en-Beauce.  Child: 

a)         ARNOUL de la Ferté (-1053).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Archbishop of Tours 1023.  "Arnulphus ex nobili Alençoniorum et Bellismensium comitum genere, nepos Avesgaudi et consobrinus Gervasii" was elected archbishop of Tours[14]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         JEAN de Cainon .  "Bartholomeus archiepiscopus Turonorum, Johannes de Cainone castro frater archiepiscopi..." subscribed the charter dated to before 1061 issued by “Landricus cœnobii Sancti Petri Carnotensis abbas” relating to “terram...Villula[15]

2.         BARTHELEMYArchbishop of Tours .  "Bartholomeus archiepiscopus Turonorum, Johannes de Cainone castro frater archiepiscopi..." subscribed the charter dated to before 1061 issued by “Landricus cœnobii Sancti Petri Carnotensis abbas” relating to “terram...Villula[16]

 

 

1.         HUGUES de la Ferté, son of --- de la Ferté & his wife --- (-1149)Provost of Chartres.  “Willelmus de Firmitate [...et frater eius Hugo prepositus ecclesie nostre]”, leaving for Jerusalem, donated “ecclesiam...ville sue...Vi...juxta Montem Fortem” to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated to [1116/20], which adds that “Ernaldo filio suo” consented “in camera Ernaldi avunculi sui decani monachi nostri” in the presence of “...Guido avunculus Ernaldi filius prefati Willelmi, Hugo prepositus sancte Marie frater ipsius Willelmi[17]Archbishop of Tours 1136.  "Hugo Turonorum...archiepiscopus" confirmed the donation of woods to Chartres Saint-Père made by “fratris mei Willelmi de Firmitate”, about to leave for Jerusalem, in the presence of "fratruelis meus Ernaldus...eiusdem fratris mei filius", by charter dated to [1136], witnessed by “...Juliana soror Ernaldi, Machaigna uxor eiusdem...”, later confirmed by “Ernaldi germanus Hugo...prefati Willelmi fratris mei filius, cui post fratrem suum honor remanebat paternus[18]

 

 

1.         INGELBAUD, son of GEOFFROY [Payen] & his wife --- (-Sep 1156).  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle", recently deceased, "Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier, signed by "Gaufredus Paganus et filii sui Bartholomeus, Ingelbaldus, Wlgrinus, Gaufredus"[19].  Provost at Tours before 1132.  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, with the consent of “f sui Engelbaudus præpositus, Vulgrinus, Maria, Guamardus vir eius”, by charter dated to [1116/36][20]Archbishop of Tours 1147.  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][21]

 

 

1.         BARTHELEMY de Vendôme, son of JEAN Comte de Vendôme & his second wife Richilde de Lavardin (-15 Oct 1206).  Deacon at Tours before 1174.  Archbishop of Tours 1174.  "Jean sire de Montorii" relinquished his rights in the abbey of Toussaint in favour of "Barthélemy son oncle archevêque de Tours" by charter dated 1204[22].  The identity of his mother is confirmed by the charter under which he confirmed donations made to the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Preuilly by "bonæ memoriæ Engelbaudo avunculo et predecessore nostro"[23], the latter being identified as the maternal uncle of Richilde de Lavardin.  Jean Sire de Montoire relinquished claims to the church of Savonnières in favour of "Barthélemy son oncle archevêque de Tours" by charter dated 1204[24].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1206 the death of “Bartholomeus Turonorum archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Gaufridus...Parisiensis archidyaconus” who held office for one and a half years, after whom “Iohannes archiepiscopus” was ordained[25]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY (-[1207/08]).  Archdeacon of Paris.  Archbishop of Tours 1206.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1206 the death of “Bartholomeus Turonorum archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Gaufridus...Parisiensis archidyaconus” who held office for one and a half years, after whom “Iohannes archiepiscopus” was ordained[26]

 

 

1.         JEANArchbishop of Tours 1207/08.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1206 the death of “Bartholomeus Turonorum archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Gaufridus...Parisiensis archidyaconus” who held office for one and a half years, after whom “Iohannes archiepiscopus” was ordained[27].

 

 

1.         OLIVIER de Craon, son of MAURICE [IV] Sire de Craon & his wife Isabelle de Lusignan (-24 Aug 1285)Archbishop of Tours 1285. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    BISHOPS of ALET

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    BISHOPS of ANGERS

 

 

1.         DODONBishop of Angers .  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records the presence in 853 (“Hincmarus anno sui episcopatus VII”) at the synod at Soissons of “Wenilone Sennense archiepiscopo, Amalrico Turonense, Teoderico Cameracense episcopo, Rothado Suessonico, Lupo Cathalaunense, Immone Noviomagense, Erpuino Silvanectense, Erminfrido Belvacense, Pardulo Laudunense, Hilmerado Ambianense, Hucberto Meldense, Agio Aurelianense, Prudentio Trecasino, Hermanno Nivernense, Iona Augustudense, Godelsado Cavillonense, Dodone Andagavense, Guntberto Ebroicense, Hildebranno Sagense, Rigboldo Remorum corepiscopo[28]

 

 

1.          RAINO, son of --- .  "Karolus…imperator augustus" confirmed a donation by "Hugo…propinquus noster" of property "villam Apiarias in pago Aurelianensi" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" at the request of "Odo comes" by charter dated 27 Oct 886[29]Bishop of Angers

 

 

1.         RENAUD, son of RENAUD Vicomte d´Anjou & his wife Richildis --- (-Embrun 11 Jun 1005, bur Embrun)Bishop of Angers .  "Adela" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 6 Mar 974 which names "seniore meo Gauzfredo comite" and is subscribed by "…Reynaldi episcopi Andegavensis, Raynaldi vicecomitis patris eius"[30].  "Fulco comes Mauriciusque frater eius" accused "Rainaldus Andecavorum episcopus" of corruption, recorded in a charter dated [24 Oct 996/12 Jun 1005] which names "patrem meum [Rainaldi…episcopi] Rainaldum"[31].  "Rainaldus Andegavensis Episcopus" donated property to "Andegavensis S Sergii Abbatiæ" for the souls of "patris sui æquivoci et matris suæ Richildis et fratris sui Hugonis…" by charter dated to [1004][32].  A charter dated 13 Jun 1005 records the death "III Id Jun" of "Rainaldus secundus…Andecavensium episcopus", noting that he had started on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem with "Fulcoio vicecomite" but had died at Embrun where he was buried[33]

 

 

1.         HUBERT, son of HUBERT Vicomte de Vendôme & his wife Emeline --- (-1047, after 2 Mar)Bishop of Angers .  "Hubertus…Andecavensium episcopus" renounced certain rights in favour of Angers cathedral by charter dated 26 Aug 1025 which names "genitore meo Huberto vicecomite Vindcinensium…matre mea Emma"[34].  "Huberti Andegavensium episcopi…et neptis illius Emme atque Radulfi vicecomitis Cenomannensium mariti eius filiorumque eorum" consented to the donation to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou made by "Aremburgis relicta vidua Thetuini Strabonis…et filiam suam Hildegardem" by undated charter[35].  A charter dated to [1006/40] records that "Hubertus Vindocinensium vicecomes" transferred "curtem et ecclesiam Maziaci" to Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou to obtain the bishopric of Angers for "filio suo Huberto"[36].  The Annales Sancti Albini Andegavensis record the death of "Hubertus episcopus" in 1047[37].  The life and times of Bishop Hubert have been considered by Steven Fanning[38]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Langeais, son of GAUTHIER de Langeais & his wife Hersende --- (-after 1082).  "Hugues de Langeais" donated property to Bourgeuil, with the consent of "ses frères Hamelin et Geoffroi le doyen…son suzerain Geoffroi de Mayenne", by charter dated to [1068/82], subscribed by "comtesse Hameline"[39]Bishop of Angers 1082. 

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Mayenne, son of HUGUES de Mayenne & his wife Beatrix --- (-19 Feb after 1105).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Mayenne 1075.  He was elected Bishop of Angers 1093, resigned 1095/1101.  He became a monk at Cluny.  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XI Kal Mar" of "Gaufridus Andegavensis episcopus postea Cluniacensis monachus"[40]

 

 

1.         RENAUD de Martigny, son of --- (-14 Dec 1138)Bishop of AngersArchbishop of Reims 1124.  Orderic Vitalis records the death of "Radulfus cognomento Viridis Remorum archiepiscopus" and the succession of “Rainaldus Andegavorum episcopus[41].  The Annales Cameracenses record the death "XI Kal Mar" of "Radulfus archiepiscopus" and the succession of "Rainaldus episcopus Andegavensis"[42].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records the death in 1124 of “Radulfo Remorum archiepiscopo” and the succession of “Rainaldus[43].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the death in 1138 of "Rainaldus archiepiscopus"[44].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1138 of “Raynaldus Remorum archiepiscopus[45].  The Continuatio Praemonstratensis of Sigebert's Chronica records in 1139 the succession of “Samson de clero Carnotensis æcclesiæ” after two years following the death of “Rainoldo Remorum archiepiscopo[46]

 

 

 

1.         ULGERBishop of Angers 1138.  Orderic Vitalis records the succession of "Ulgerius" as bishop of Angers after “Rainaldus Andegavorum episcopus” was appointed archbishop of Reims[47]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         RAOUL de Beaumont, son of ROSCELIN Vicomte de Beaumont & his wife Constance [Mathilde] [of England] (-13 Mar 1197).  Robert of Torigny records that "Radulfus frater vicecomitis de Bello Monte cognatus germanus Henrici regis Anglorum" was elected Bishop of Angers in 1179[48]Bishop of Angers 1177.  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "III Id Mar" of "Radulphus de Bellomonte…Andegavensis episcopus"[49]

2.         RICHARD [I] Vicomte de Beaumontm LUCIE de Laigle, daughter of RICHER [II] de Seigneur de Laigle & his wife Edelina ---.  Children:

a)         GUILLAUME de Beaumont (-2 Sep 1240).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Bishop of Angers 1202. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    BISHOPS [ARCHBISHOPS] of DOL

 

 

The archiepiscopal see of Dol in Brittany was the source of constant dispute between the archbishops of Tours and the bishops of Brittany.  Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1211 the hearing in the Papal court of the dispute between “archiepiscopi Iohannis Turensis” and “episcopis Britannie” concerning “archiepiscopatum Dolensem”, which the Pope decided depended from Tours (“De Dolo es et in perpetuum dolebis”), deposing the “archbishop” of Dol who was granted “unum...episcopatum in Tuscia” after several years[50]

 

 

1.         JUNGUENE de Dinan, son of HAMON [I] Vicomte de Dinan & his wife Roiantelina --- (-[1039]).  An enquiry made at Dol by order of Henry II King of England dated Oct 1181 records that "Guingeneus Dolensis archiepisc. et Ruellen Capra Canuta, Josselinus de Dinan et Salomon bastardus fratres fuerunt"[51].  Abbot of Dol.  Archbishop of Dol .  "Junkeneus archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, with the advice of "fratrum meorum Haimoni…vicecomitis et Goszelini atque Riuualloni", by charter dated to [1029/37][52]

 

 

1.         VULGRINArchbishop of Dol 1108.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1108 that the election of "Vulgrinus cancellarius Carnotensis" as "archiepiscopum Dolensem"[53].   

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    BISHOPS of LE MANS

 

 

1.         GAUSLIN, son of ROTHGAR & his wife --- (-773)Bishop of Le Mans .  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records Gauzlin Bishop of Le Mans as "filius…Rothgarii et frater Hervei"[54]

 

 

[Four] siblings: 

1.         SEINFRED (-Abbaye de la Couture after 12 Oct 997, bur Abbaye de la Couture).  "Ivo" founded the chapel of l'Abbayette, with the consent of "…duorum avunculorum, Seinfredi episcopi et Guillelmi…" by charter dated 12 Oct 997[55]Bishop of Le Mans 971.  m HILDEBURGE, daughter of ---.  The Gesta Sigenfridi Episcopi records the marriage of Bishop Seinfred and "mulierem…Hildeburgam"[56].  Seinfred & his wife had --- children: 

a)         AUBRY [Alberic] .  Motey names Albéric as son of Bishop Seinfred and his wife, and states that his father gave him the villages of Sarcé and Coulongé, property of the abbey of Saint-Vincent du Mans, later restored to the abbey by his son and grandson[57]m HILDIARDE, daughter of ---.  Aubry & his wife had one child: 

i)          HERBERT de la Milesse (-after [1060]).  "Herbert de la Milesse chevalier, fils d'Alberic et d'Hildiarde" returned the church of Coulongé to the abbey of Saint-Vincent du Mans, and in [1060] the churches of Sarcé and Maule[58]m ---.  Herbert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       AUBRY de la Milesse (-after 2 Mar 1091).  "Aubry de la Milesse, fils d'Herbert" returned other properties to the abbey of Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated 2 mar 1091[59]

b)         other children (-young).  Motey states that Bishop Seinfred and his wife had several children who died young[60]

2.         GUILLAUME (-after 12 Oct 997).  "Ivo" founded the chapel of l'Abbayette, with the consent of "…duorum avunculorum, Seinfredi episcopi et Guillelmi…" by charter dated 12 Oct 997[61]

3.         [ROTHAIS .  "Ivo" founded the chapel of l'Abbayette, with the consent of "…duorum avunculorum, Seinfredi episcopi et Guillelmi…" by charter dated 12 Oct 997[62].  If “avunculorum” in this charter can be interpreted in its strict sense of maternal uncles, Rothais, mother of the donor Ives, was the sister of Seinfred Bishop of Le Mans.]  m FULCOIN, son of ---. 

4.         [GODEHILDIS .  "Ivo" founded Notre-Dame de Bellême, for the souls of himself "conjugisque mee Godehildis, sive filiis meis vel genitoribus meis", by undated charter, confirmed after his death by "Willelmus et Godehildis mater mea"[63].  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records the installation of [her son] "Avesgaudus, nepos ipsius" as Bishop of Le Mans after the death of "Segenfrido" (in [997])[64].  This suggests that Godehildis may have been the sister of Bishop Seinfrid.  m [as his second wife,] IVES Seigneur de Bellême, son of ---.] 

 

 

1.         IVES Seigneur de Bellêmem GODEHILDIS, daughter of ---.  Children: 

a)         AVESGAUD de Bellême (-Verdun 27 Oct 1035)Abelin lists his donations of property at Le Mans to Marmoutier by charter dated [1064/10 May 1065], naming "Ivonis de Belismo [et] filiis illius Guilelmo, Avesgaudo præsule atque Ivone"[65]Bishop of Le Mans [997].  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records the installation of "Avesgaudus, nepos ipsius" as Bishop of Le Mans after the death of "Segenfrido" (in [997])[66].  "Avesgaudus…Cenomannensium presul, meusque frater Ivo" donated property to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [995/1032][67].  Bishop Gervais names "avunculi mei Avesgaudi…genitoris cum genetrice mea Haimonis et Hildeburga" in his testament dated [1040/47], which also specifies that "avunculi mei domini Avesgaudi episcopi" died "apud Verdunis VI Kal Nov" on returning from Jerusalem, that "sororis eius, matris mee Hyldeburge" died the same day that "patris mei Haimonis" died "XVIII Kal Feb", and that he was ordained "XIV Kal Jan"[68]

b)         HILDEBURGE de Bellêmem HAMON de Château-du-Loir.  Children: 

i)          GERVAIS de Château-du-Loir (Château-du-Loir 2 Feb 1007-Reims 4 Jul 1067).  The Cartulaire of Château-du-Loir records the birth "Non Feb 1007" of "Gervasius apud Castrum Lidi"[69].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the birth "IV Non Feb apud castrum Lidi" of "Gervasius"[70].  Brother of Robert according to Orderic Vitalis250.  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Château-du-LoirBishop of Le Mans 19 Dec 1036.  Archbishop of Reims 15 Oct 1055.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1056 of "Remensis archiepiscopus Guido" and the succession of "Gervasius…primo fuit episcopus Cenomanensis"[71].  The Annales Sancti Dionysii Remenses record the death in 1066 of "Gervasius archiepiscopus"[72].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1067 of “Gervasius archiepiscopus et Balduinus comes[73].  The death of Archbishop Gervasius "III Kal Jul" is recorded in the cartulary of Château-du-Loir[74].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "IV Non Jul" of "Cenomannensium ecclesie antistes Gervasius, necnon etiam Remensium ecclesie post archiepiscopus"[75]

 

 

1.         VULGRIN, son of FOUCHER "le Riche" & his wife Hildearde/Adela --- (-1065, bur Le Mans Saint-Vincent).  A charter dated to [1050] records the sale by "Guismando" of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino", with the consent of "filii quoque predicte Hildiardis, Fulcherius…et Wulgrinus…Arnulfus…nepos eius…et Lancelinus de Balgenciaco"[76].  "Fulcherius miles et uxor mea Aldeardis et filii nostri Wlgrinus et Fulcherius" donated "alodum…in pago Vindocinense in villa Rusciaco" by charter dated to [1050/60][77]Bishop of Le Mans 1055: the Actus pontificum Cenomannis records "Wulgrinus ex Vindocinensi castello ortus, miles quidem primum, deinde monachus effectus, in coenobio S. Martini monasterii Majoris" as bishop of Le Mans for “annos viiii menses viii dies xi” and his burial “in capitulo S. Vincentii martyris[78]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Passavant, son of --- (-10 Nov ----)m LUCIE de Martigny, daughter of ---.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Passavant (-26 Jan 1187).  Bishop of Le Mans [1143].  “Guillelmus....Cenomannorum episcopus” renounced rights relating to the church of Charné, in return for revenue to fund the anniversaries “in vigilia beati Martini hyemalis...patris nostri Guillermi...in crastino festi beati Hilarii...consobrini nostri pie recordationis archiepiscopi Remensis Raginaudi et matris nostre Lucie”, by undated charter[79]

 

 

1.         MAURICE (-12 Jan 1234)Bishop of Le MansArchbishop of Rouen 1231.  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica written in Mortemer records the death “VII Kal Oct” in 1229 of “Theobaldus de Ambianis archiepiscopus Rothomagensis” and the succession in 1231 of “Mauricius[80].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1231 that “episcopus Cenomannensis magister Mauritius” was made “archiepiscopus Rothomagensis” after the Pope rejected “magistro Thoma[81].  The Continuatio of Sigebert's Chronica written in Mortemer records the death “pridie Id Jan...apud Salicosam” in 1234 of “Mauricius Rothomagensis archiepiscopus, de sede Cenomanensi...Rothomagensi ecclesie prerogatus[82].  

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    BISHOPS of LEON

 

 

1.         HAMON de Léon, son of HERVE [II] Vicomte de Léon & his wife [--- de Blois] (-murdered 25 Jan 1171).  "H…Leonensis comes" confirmed the donation to the abbey of St Melaine made by "pater meus G. vicecomes" by undated charter, in the presence of “filiorum meorum, E...Albi et H. Leonensis ecclesiæ electi”, signed by “Ego H et ipsi duo filii mei[83]Bishop of Léon [1161].  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Léon, quarrelled with his brother Guyomar, sought refuge with Conan Duke of Brittany who restored him to his bishopric, but was murdered 25 Jan 1171, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[84].  Robert of Torigny records that "Hamo episcopus Leonensis" was killed in 1171 "per consilium ut dicunt Guihomari fratris sui vicecomitis Leonensis et junioris Guihomaris nepotis sui"[85]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    BISHOPS of NANTES

 

 

Two brothers:

1.         QUIRIAC de Cornouaïlle, son of ALAIN "Caignart" Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Judith de Nantes (-[1076/78])Bishop of Nantes 1052.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Nantes in 1052 but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[86]

2.         BENEDICT de Cornouaïlle (-2 Jan [1115]).  "Budic frater Hoeli comitis" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, in the presence of "fratris mei Benedicti abbatis…Benedicto Corisopitensi episcopo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Benedictus episcopus, Guigonus decanus frater episcopi…"[87]Bishop of Quimper 1064.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Quimper in 1064, in succession to his paternal uncle, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[88]Bishop of Nantes .  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records that "Benedicti Episcopi…Alani Cornugalliæ Comitis filii" was ordained in 1081[89].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records that "Benedictus, Alani Cornugalliæ Consulis filius" was dismissed from "Nanneticæ Ecclesiæ sedem et Abbatiæ Kemperlegiensis regimen" in 1113[90].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death in 1115 of "Benedictus Episcopus Nannetensis et Abbas Sanctæ Crucis"[91].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records that "Benedictus Alani Cornugallie consulis filius" resigned "Nannetice ecclesie sedem et abbatie Kemperelegiensis regimen" in 1114 and died in 1115[92]

 

 

1.         GUYBishop of Nantes .  Patriarch of Jerusalem 1241: the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1241 that “episcopus Guido Nannetensis in Britannia” was made “patriarcha Ierosolimitanus[93]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    BISHOPS of QUIMPER

 

 

1.         BENEDICT de Cornouaïlle, son of BUDIC [Benedict] Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife --- (-1026).  An undated charter, dated to [945/52], records the death and burial of "Budic…comes", witnessed by "Alan dux Britanniæ…Benedictus episcopus filius istius Budic…Euhuarn vicecomes…"[94]Comte de Cornouaïlle.  "Budic nobilis comes" donated property to Landévennec by an undated charter, witnessed by "Benedictus episcopus filius istius Budic"[95]Bishop of Quimper .  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Quimper after the death of his wife, but does not date the event or cite the primary source on which it is based[96].  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, with the consent of "Guiguoedon cum domino suo et filiis et militibus", later confirmed by "Alanus comes filius Benedicti supradicti" (witnessed by "…femina ipsius comitis Iudeth…"), by charter dated to [1022/38] which also records a later donation by "Alanus comes et uxor illius Iudeth…et filiæ suæ Hodiernæ abbatissæ", witnessed by "Hoel…filius eiusdem comitis…Moruan vicecomes…"[97].  "Benedictus comes et episcopus parcium Cornubiensium" donated property on his deathbed to Landévennec by an undated charter, witnessed by "Alanus comes"[98], presumably his son.  m GUINODEON, daughter of ---.  Children: 

a)         ORSCAND de Cornouaïlle (-13 Oct 1064)Bishop of Quimper 1022.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Quimper in 1022, after his father resigned the bishopric, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[99].  A charter dated 1029 records the property of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé with the consent of "Alano comite…et conjugem eius Judith, Orscando episcopo fratre comitis…Guethenoc et Guerec fratribus comitis…"[100].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1064 of "Orscandus episcopus Cornugallie"[101]

b)         ALAIN "Caignart" Comte de Cornouaïllem JUDITH de Nantes, daughter of JUDICAËL Comte de Nantes & his wife Mélisende ---.  Children: 

i)          BENEDICT de Cornouaïlle (-2 Jan [1115]).  "Budic frater Hoeli comitis" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, in the presence of "fratris mei Benedicti abbatis…Benedicto Corisopitensi episcopo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Benedictus episcopus, Guigonus decanus frater episcopi…"[102]Bishop of Quimper 1064.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Quimper in 1064, in succession to his paternal uncle, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[103].  Bishop of Nantes .  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records that "Benedicti Episcopi…Alani Cornugalliæ Comitis filii" was ordained in 1081[104].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records that "Benedictus, Alani Cornugalliæ Consulis filius" was dismissed from "Nanneticæ Ecclesiæ sedem et Abbatiæ Kemperlegiensis regimen" in 1113[105].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death in 1115 of "Benedictus Episcopus Nannetensis et Abbas Sanctæ Crucis"[106].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records that "Benedictus Alani Cornugallie consulis filius" resigned "Nannetice ecclesie sedem et abbatie Kemperelegiensis regimen" in 1114 and died in 1115[107]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    BISHOPS of RENNES

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  BISHOPS of SAINT BRIEUC

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  BISHOPS of TREGUIER

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  BISHOPS of VANNES

 

 

1.         MAINGUY [Méen], son of JOSCELIN Vicomte [de Thro] & his wife --- (-after 1082).  "Defuncto…Guethenoco…filius eius Goscelinus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, by charter dated [1066/82], witnessed by "filius eius Maenguis episcopus, et Rogerius et Eudo et alii filii eius"[108]Bishop of Vannes 1066.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Vannes in 1066 but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[109]

 

 

 



[1] Marchegay, P. and Salmon, A. (eds.) (1856) Chroniques d'Anjou Tome I (Paris), Historia Comitum Andegavorum, p. 320. 

[2] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 40-1. 

[3] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 41-4. 

[4] Urseau, C. (ed.) (1908) Cartulaire noir de la cathédrale d'Angers (Paris, Angers) (“Angers”) 14, p. 34. 

[5] Angers 14, p. 34. 

[6] Flodoard 931, MGH SS III, p. 379. 

[7] Miracula Sancti Benedicti, auctore Aimoini monachi Floriacensis prior, Liber II, VII, p. 107. 

[8] Miracula Sancti Benedicti, auctore Aimoini monachi Floriacensis prior, p. 107 footnote 2. 

[9] Guérard, M. (ed.) (1840) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Père de Chartres (Paris) ("Chartres Saint-Père"), Tome I, Liber Sextus, Cap. VI, p. 117. 

[10] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Eglise cathédrale de Chartres, Nécrologe du xi siècle, p. 10.       

[11] Lex, L. (1892) Eudes Comte de Blois, de Tours, de Chartres, de Troyes et de Meaux (Troyes), Pièces Justificatives, VI, p. 129. 

[12] RHGF, Tome X, XIX, p. 591. 

[13] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Eglise cathédrale de Chartres, Nécrologe du XI siècle, p. 14. 

[14] Cartularium ecclesiæ Cenomanensis, quoted in Motey, Vicomte H. R. du (1920) Origines de la Normandie et du duché d'Alençon de l'an 850 à l'an 1085 (Paris), p. 116. 

[15] Chartres Saint-Père I, Liber Septimus, Cap. V, p. 125. 

[16] Chartres Saint-Père I, Liber Septimus, Cap. V, p. 125. 

[17] Chartres Saint-Père, II, Liber Tertius, LV, p. 511. 

[18] Chartres Saint-Père, II, Liber Quartus, CXXI, p. 610. 

[19] Trémault, M. de (ed.) (1893) Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Vendômois (Paris, Vendôme) ("Marmoutier-Vendômois"), CLXXXVII, p. 266. 

[20] Métais, C. (ed.) (1910) Chartes Vendômoises (Vendôme) CLXX, p. 160. 

[21] Chartes Vendômoises CLXXXIII, p. 173. 

[22] Chartes Vendômoises CLV, p. 188. 

[23] Chartes Vendômoises, p. 372 footnote continued from p. 371, quoting Housseau Chartes sur la Touraine, Tome V, no. 1982 [not yet consulted]. 

[24] Chartes Vendômoises, CLV, p. 189, summary only, citing Archives de l´abb. de la Toussaint à Angers, trésor 52, D. Villevieille Trésor Généalogique [not yet consulted]. 

[25] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1206, MGH SS XXIII, p. 887. 

[26] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1206, MGH SS XXIII, p. 887. 

[27] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1206, MGH SS XXIII, p. 887. 

[28] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, II, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 193.

[29] Angers 14, p. 34. 

[30] Broussillon, B. de (ed.) (1903) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Aubin d'Angers (Paris) (“Angers Saint-Aubin”) Tome I, 3, p. 7. 

[31] Angers 25, p. 56. 

[32] RHGF 10, Roberti Regis Diplomata, XI, p. 583. 

[33] Angers 28, p. 62. 

[34] Angers 29, p. 64. 

[35] Marchegay, P. (ed.) (1854) Archives d'Anjou, Tome III (Angers), Cartularium monasterii beatæ Mariæ Caritatis Andegavensis ("Anjou Charité"), CCCXCI, p. 239. 

[36] Métais, C. (ed.) (1893) Cartulaire de l´abbaye cardinale de la Trinité de Vendôme (Paris) ("Vendôme La Trinité"), Tome I, XLIV, p. 95. 

[37] Halphen (1903), Annales Sancti Albini Andegavensis, p. 4. 

[38] Fanning, S. (1988) A Bishop and his World before the Gregorian Reform: Hubert of Angers 1006-1047 (Philadelphia), available Full View in Google Book (20 Oct 2011). 

[39] Halphen, L. (1906) Etude sur les chroniques des comtes d´Anjou et des seigneurs d´Amboise (Paris), p. 135, footnote 1, and Catalogue, 240, p. 313, citing Coll. Baluze, vol. 38, fol. 183, d´après le Cartulaire de Bourgeuil, fol. 97. 

[40] Urseau, C. (ed.) L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers (Angers). 

[41] Le Prévost, A. (1840) Orderici Vitalis Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ (Paris) ("Orderic Vitalis (Prévost)"), Vol. IV, Liber XII, XLII, p. 465. 

[42] Annales Cameracenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 513. 

[43] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1124, MGH SS VI, p. 449. 

[44] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[45] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 162. 

[46] Sigeberti Continuatio Praemonstratensis 1130, MGH SS VI, p. 451. 

[47] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. IV, Liber XII, XLII, p. 465. 

[48] Delisle, L. (ed.) (1872) Chronique de Robert de Torigni, abbé de Mont-Saint-Michel (Rouen) ("Robert de Torigny") Vol. II, pp. 79-80. 

[49] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[50] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1211, MGH SS XXIII, p. 892. 

[51] Lobineau (1707) Histoire de Bretagne, Tome II, col. 133. 

[52] Aurélien de Courson, M. (ed.) (1863) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Redon en Bretagne (Paris), CCLXXXIX, p. 237. 

[53] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1108, MGH SS XXIII, p. 817. 

[54] Busson, G. and Ledru, A. (eds.) (1902) Actus Pontificum Cenomannis in urbe degentium (Le Mans) (“Actus pontificum Cenomannis”), p. 245. 

[55] Broussillon, B. de (ed.) (1894) Cartulaire de Saint-Michel de l'Abbayette, prieuré de l'abbaye de Mont-Saint-Michel (Paris) (“Abbayette Saint-Michel”), 1, p. 7. 

[56] Gesta Sigenfridi Episcopi, Dom Mabillon Vetera Analecta Tome III, p. 297, quoted in Motey (1920), p. 116. 

[57] Motey (1920), p. 116. 

[58] Cartulaire de Saint-Vincent du Mans, cited in Motey (1920), p. 116. 

[59] Cartulaire de Saint-Vincent du Mans, cited in Motey (1920), p. 116. 

[60] Motey (1920), p. 116. 

[61] Abbayette Saint-Michel 1, p. 7. 

[62] Abbayette Saint-Michel 1, p. 7. 

[63] Marmoutier-Perche, 1, p. 1. 

[64] Actus pontificum Cenomannis, p. 355. 

[65] Société des Archives Historiques du Maine (1905) Cartulaire de Château-du-Loir, Archives historiques du Maine Tome VI (Le Mans) (“Château-du-Loir”), 24, p. 10. 

[66] Actus pontificum Cenomannis, p. 355. 

[67] Charles, R. and Menjot d´Elbenne (eds.) (1886) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Saint-Vincent du Mans (Mamer, Le Mans) ("Le Mans Saint-Vincent"), Liber primus, 12, p. 16. 

[68] Château-du-Loir 17, pp. 6-7. 

[69] Château-du-Loir 2, p. 1. 

[70] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 82. 

[71] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1056, MGH SS XXIII, p. 791. 

[72] Annales S. Dionysii Remenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 83. 

[73] Annales Mosomagenses, MGH SS III, p. 161. 

[74] Château-du-Loir 26, p. 13. 

[75] Busson, G. & Ledru, A. (eds.) (1906) Nécrologe-obituaire de la Cathédrale du Mans, Archives historiques du Maine Tome VII (Le Mans) ("Nécrologe du Mans"), p. 151. 

[76] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XXX, p. 46. 

[77] Marmoutier-Vendômois, CXXX, p. 225. 

[78] Actus pontificum Cenomannis, XXXII, p. 373. 

[79] Broussillon, B. de (1900) Cartulaire de l´Evêché du Mans (936-1790) (Le Mans) (“Evêché du Mans”), 53, p. 8. 

[80] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Mortui Maris 1229, 1231, MGH SS VI, pp. 468-9. 

[81] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1231, MGH SS XXIII, p. 928. 

[82] Sigeberti Continuatio auctarium Mortui Maris 1234, MGH SS VI, p. 469. 

[83] Morice (1742) Preuves, Tome I, col. 621. 

[84] Abbé Tresvaux (1839) L´église de Bretagne depuis des commencements jusqu´à nos jours (Paris), p. 197. 

[85] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 25. 

[86] Tresvaux (1839), p. 67. 

[87] Quimperlé Sainte-Trinité, LXIII, p. 203. 

[88] Tresvaux (1839), p. 114. 

[89] Ex Chronico Britannico Altero, RHGF XII, p. 559. 

[90] Ex Chronico Kemperlegiensis, RHGF XII, p. 562. 

[91] Ex Chronico Kemperlegiensis, RHGF XII, p. 562. 

[92] Maître, L. & Berthou, P. de (eds.) (1904) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, 2nd Edn. (Rennes, Paris) ("Quimperlé Sainte-Trinité"), Chronicon Universum, p. 106. 

[93] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1241, MGH SS XXIII, p. 949. 

[94] Borderie, A. de la (1888) Cartulaire de l´abbaye de Landevenec (Rennes) ("Landevenec (Borderie)"), 46, p. 168. 

[95] Le Men & Ernaut, E. ‘Cartulaire de Landévennec’, Mélanges Historiques. Choix de Documents, Tome V (Paris, 1886) (“Landévennec”) 46, p. 573. 

[96] Tresvaux (1839), p. 114. 

[97] La Borderie, A. de (ed.) (1888) Recueil d´actes inédites des ducs et princes de Bretagne (XI, XII, XIII siècles) (Rennes), VIII, p. 17. 

[98] Landévennec 47, p. 573. 

[99] Tresvaux (1839), p. 114. 

[100] Quimperlé Sainte-Trinité, p. 124. 

[101] Quimperlé Sainte-Trinité, Chronicon Universum, p. 104. 

[102] Quimperlé Sainte-Trinité, LXIII, p. 203. 

[103] Tresvaux (1839), p. 114. 

[104] Ex Chronico Britannico Altero, RHGF XII, p. 559. 

[105] Ex Chronico Kemperlegiensis, RHGF XII, p. 562. 

[106] Ex Chronico Kemperlegiensis, RHGF XII, p. 562. 

[107] Quimperlé Sainte-Trinité, Chronicon Universum, p. 106. 

[108] Rosenzweig, L. (ed.) (1895) Cartulaire générale du Morbihan, Tome I (Vannes), 156, p. 129. 

[109] Tresvaux (1839), p. 156.