MAINE & vendôme

  v3.0 Updated 23 May 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                COMTES du MAINE. 4

A.         COMTES du MAINE.. 4

B.         COMTES du MAINE (BAUGENCY-la FLECHE) 21

Chapter 2.                SIRES de BRAITEL. 26

A.         SIRES de BRAITEL. 26

B.         SIRES de BRAITEL (BEAUMONT) 27

Chapter 3.                SEIGNEURS de CHAOURCES (SOURCHES) 29

Chapter 4.                SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-du-LOIR. 36

Chapter 5.                SEIGNEURS de CONNERRE. 43

Chapter 6.                SEIGNEURS de la GUERCHE. 44

Chapter 7.                SIRES de LAVAL. 51

A.         SIRES de LAVAL. 51

B.         SIRES de LAVAL (MONTMORENCY) 68

Chapter 8.                VICOMTES du MAINE et de BEAUMONT-sur-SARTHE. 71

A.         VICOMTES du MAINE, VICOMTES de BEAUMONT-sur-SARTHE.. 71

B.         VICOMTES de BEAUMONT (BRIENNE) 88

Chapter 9.                SEIGNEURS de MAYENNE. 92

Chapter 10.              SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU. 105

A.         SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU.. 105

B.         SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU (FRETEVAL) 112

Chapter 11.              SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE. 115

A.         SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE.. 115

B.         SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE (SEIGNEURS de LANGEAIS) 118

Chapter 12.              SEIGNEURS des MONTS. 120

Chapter 13.              SEIGNEURS de PREUILLY. 121

Chapter 14.              SEIGNEURS des VAUX. 125

Chapter 15.              COMTES de VENDÔME. 128

A.         COMTES de VENDÔME (ORIGINS) 128

B.         COMTES de VENDÔME (NEVERS) 130

C.        COMTES de VENDÔME (SEIGNEURS de PREUILLY) 135

D.        COMTES de VENDÔME (SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE) 147

E.         COMTES de VENDÔME 1371-1514, DUCS de VENDÔME 1514-1589 (BOURBON) 154

F.         VICOMTES de VENDÔME.. 159

G.        FAMILY of FOUCHER "le Riche" 161

H.        FAMILY of LETHER [de VENDÔME] 164

I.      FAMILY of INGELBAUD BRITO.. 168

J.         SEIGNEURS de LAVARDIN-sur-LOIR.. 175

K.         SEIGNEURS de LISLE [en VENDÔMOIS], SEIGNEURS de la TOUR.. 188

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document shows the nobility in the counties of Maine and Vendôme. 

 

The county of Maine lay south of the duchy of Normandy and north of the county of Anjou.  It derived from the pagus Cenomanensis, which coincided geographically with the territory of the bishopric of Le Mans.  Onomastics suggest that the early counts in Maine descend from Rothgar, recorded as count in the mid-8th century, although the information which has survived in primary sources is insufficient to trace the precise relationship (see Chapter 1.A).  Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks confiscated the county from Rorico [II], son of count Rorico [I], in 862 and entrusted it to Robert "le Fort", ancestor of the later Capetian kings of France.  Roger, whose relationship to the earlier counts of Maine has not been established, ruled Maine in 897, probably established there by Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks who was his wife's nephew.  It remained with Roger's descendants in the male line until 1062, when it was overrun by Guillaume II Duke of Normandy (who later succeeded as William I King of England).  The people of Maine successfully rebelled against Norman rule in 1070, installing as count a member of the powerful Este family of northern Italy, who was the first cousin of the last count of the family of Roger.  He took little interest in his inheritance and, according to Orderic Vitalis, sold the county in [1093] to his cousin Hélie de la Flèche for 10,000 shilllings[1] (see Chapter 1.B).  Hélie's only daughter married Foulques V Comte d'Anjou in 1110, and the county of Maine was subsumed into the county of Anjou.  It formed part of the French territories which were inherited by the future Henry II King of England in 1152.  The English lost control over Anjou and Maine in the early 13th century, when both counties were integrated into the domaine royale of the Capetian kings. 

 

The most interesting genealogical problem associated with the families of the early counts of Maine is the shadowy figure of David, allegedly Comte du Maine in the mid-10th century.  He is named in a series of probably spurious documents as the father of Comte Hugues [II].  However, he does not figure in his own right in contemporary charters and his historical existence has been generally doubted.  Nevertheless, an analysis of the problem highlights the probability of a missing generation in the generally accepted genealogy of the 10th century counts of Maine, which could be filled either by this alleged David or by an additional count named Hugues.  This question is discussed fully in Chapter 1.B. 

 

This document sets out some other noble families in the county of Maine, including the Sires de Braitel, Seigneurs de Chaources, Seigneurs de Château-du-Loir, Seigneurs de Château-Gonthier, Sires de Laval, the Vicomtes du Maine (later known as the Vicomtes de Beaumont-sur-Sarthe), and the Seigneurs de Mayenne.  

 

The county of Vendôme lay east of the county of Maine.  It is recorded in primary sources as a separate county from the late 9th century, but passed by marriage to the counts of Anjou in the first half of the 11th century.  After a period of direct rule by Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou, the county of Vendôme re-established its autonomy after he died in 1060 when it was held by a junior branch of the family of the comtes de Nevers.  This family became extinct in the male line in 1085, when the county was inherited by the seigneurs de Preuilly and, in the early 13th century, by the seigneurs de Montoire.  In the late 14th century, the county passed to a younger branch of the Bourbon-Capet family. 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES du MAINE

 

 

 

A.      COMTES du MAINE

 

 

1.         ROTHGAR .  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Rothgarius quidam comes et filius eius Karivius" as holding power [in Maine] during the bishopric of Gauslin (from [743] to 771)[2]m ---.  The name of Rothgar's wife is not known.  Rothgar & his wife had one child: 

a)         HERVE .  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Rothgarius quidam comes et filius eius Karivius" as holding power [in Maine] during the bishopric of Gauzlin (from [743] to 771)[3]

b)         GAUSLIN (-773)Bishop of Le Mans .  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records Gauslin Bishop of Le Mans as "filius…Rothgarii et frater Hervei"[4]

 

 

GAUSLIN, son of --- .  His name suggests a family connection with the preceding family group. 

m ADELTRUDIS, daughter of ---.  "Rorgo comes" names "genitor meus Gauzlinus et mater mea Adeltrudis, germanus noster Gausbertus…filium nostrum Gauslinum" in his charter dated 1 Mar 839[5]

Gauslin & his wife had two children: 

1.         RORICO [Rorgo] [I] (-16 Jun [839/40], bur Abbaye de Saint-Maur de Glanfeuil, Anjou).  His relationship with one of the daughters of Emperor Charlemagne suggests that he probably lived at the emperor's court at the start of the 9th century, but no reference to this has yet been found in contemporary documentation.  Comte de Rennes 819.  He founded the abbey of Saint-Maur-sur-Loire, later known as Glanfeuil, in 824.  Comte du Maine [832].  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Cenomannis…comite eiusdem parrochie Rorigone", in a passage which records the enthronement of bishop Aldric in 832[6].  Emperor Louis I confirmed the donation of "comes Rorigo…cum sue coniuge Bilechilde" to "cœnobium Glannafoliense Fossatensi in pago Andegavo" by charter dated 833[7].  "Rorgo comes" donated property "in pago Andecavo in condite Maciacinse…in Valegia…Maiacinias" to the abbey of Saint-Maur-sur-Loire by charter dated 1 Mar 839, which names "genitor meus Gauzlinus et mater mea Adeltrudis, germanus noster Gausbertus…filium nostrum Gauslinum" and is subscribed by "Rortgonis comitis, Bilichildis uxoris eius, Gausberti fratris eius"[8].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XVI Kal Jul" of "Rorigo comes"[9]m (after 800) BILICHILDIS, daughter of ---.  Emperor Louis I confirmed the donation of "comes Rorigo…cum sue coniuge Bilechilde" to "cœnobium Glannafoliense Fossatensi in pago Andegavo" by charter dated 833[10].  "…Bilichildis uxoris eius…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Mar 839 under which "Rorgo comes" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Maur-sur-Loire[11]Mistress (1): ([800]) HROTHRUDIS [Rotrud], daughter of Emperor CHARLES I King of the Franks & his second wife Hildegard [Udalrichinger] ([775]-6 Jun 810[12]).  "Hruodrudem et Bertham et Gislam" are named as daughters of King Charles and Hildegard by Einhard[13].  Rotrud's relationship with Rorico [I] is confirmed by the Annales Bertiniani which record the death "867 V Id Ian" of "Hludowicus abbas monasterii et nepos Karoli imperatoris ex filia maiori natu Rohtrude"[14], read together with an earlier part of the same source in which her son Louis is named "Ludowicum abbatem monasterii Sancti Dyonisii cum fratre ipsius Gauzleno"[15], Gauzlin being named in other sources cited below as the son of Rorico.  The Gesta Francorum records the death "810 VIII Id Iun" of "Hruoddrud filia imperatoris quæ natu maior erat"[16].  Einhard records the death "VIII Id Iun 810" of "Hruodtrud filia imperatories"[17].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "III Non Jun" of "Rotrudis filia Karoli imperatoris"[18].  Comte Rorico & his wife had five children (the order of birth of these children is approximate):

a)         RORICO [II] (-866).  His parentage is confirmed by reading the two references to the parentage of his brothers Gauzlin and Geoffroy [Gauzfrid] (see below), together with the Annales Bertiniani which record the death of "Rorigus frater Gauzfridi"[19].  Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks entrusted the administration of ducatus Cenomannicus to Rorico, but the latter instigated the revolt of the king's son Louis ("le Bègue") in 862, resulting in the confiscation of the appointment which was awarded to Robert "le Fort" [Capet][20].  It is not clear whether this appointment amounted to Rorico's installation as Comte du Maine or whether it was more of an administrative delegation, with rights and duties similar to those of a vicomte.  The Annales Bertiniani record that King Charles II pardoned "Gozfridum et Roricum atque Heriveum" in 863[21], but no record has been found of his reappointment in Maine.  The Annales Bertiniani record that the Vikings killed "Rorigus frater Gauzfridi" in 866[22]

b)         GEOFFROY [Gauzfrid] (-877).  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Guntfridus et Gozfridus" defected to "Salomonem, Britonum ducem" in 861, and persuaded Louis ("le Bègue"), son of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, to join them in 862, although they also record that King Charles II pardoned "Gozfridum et Roricum atque Heriveum" in 863[23].  No record has yet been identified which links Geoffroy with administration of the county of Maine.  Flodoard's Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ names "Gozlino…Bernardo nepote ipsius…fratrem…suum Gozfridem", referring to Bernard Marquis of Septimania and his rebellion dated to [877], from the context implying that Gauzfrid had recently died[24]

c)         [BILICHILDIS].  The origin of the wife of Comte Bernard is deduced from the Historia Inventionis Sanctii Baudelli which names "Gothorum princeps Bernardus cum avunculo suo Gauzleno tunc inclito Abbate, futuro autem episcopo"[25].  Flodoard's Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ also names "Gozlino…Bernardo nepote ipsius", referring to Bernard Marquis of Septimania and his rebellion dated to [877][26].  She is named in the record of the excommunication by Pope John VIII of "Bernardum filium Bernardi et Belihildis" in 879[27]m BERNARD Comte, son of --- (-killed in battle 844). 

d)         daughter .  Abbo's De Bellis Parisiacæ names "Ebolus…Abba" as nepos of "Gauzlinus…pontificis"[28], the latter being reported in other sources as the son of Comte Rorico [I] (see below).  It is possible that the wife of Comte Rainulf was the same person as the daughter named [Bilichildis] (see above), who would have been recently widowed at the time of Rainulf's marriage.  m ([845]) as his second wife, RAINULF I Comte de Poitou, son of GERARD I Comte d'Auvergne & his first wife --- ([815]-near Brissarthe Jul 866). 

e)         GAUSLIN (-16 Apr 886[29]).  "Rorgo comes" names "genitor meus Gauzlinus et mater mea Adeltrudis, germanus noster Gausbertus…filium nostrum Gauslinum" in his charter dated 1 Mar 839[30].  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Ludowicum abbatem monasterii Sancti Dyonisii cum fratre ipsius Gauzleno" captured a Viking force in 858[31].  Abbé de Saint-Germain, Paris.  Bishop.  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XVI Kal Apr" of "Gauzlinus episcopus"[32]

Comte Rorico had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

f)          LOUIS ([800]-9 Jan 867).  Abbot of Saint-Denis Oct 840.  Arch-Chancellor (Protonotar) of Charles II “le Chauve” King of the Franks from 840 until his death[33]His parentage is confirmed by the Annales Bertiniani which record that "Ludowicum abbatem monasterii Sancti Dyonisii cum fratre ipsius Gauzleno" captured a Viking force in 858[34].  The Annales Bertiniani record the death "867 V Id Ian" of "Hludowicus abbas monasterii et nepos Karoli imperatoris ex filia maiori natu Rohtrude"[35]

2.         GAUSBERT .  "Rorgo comes" names "genitor meus Gauzlinus et mater mea Adeltrudis, germanus noster Gausbertus…filium nostrum Gauslinum" in his charter dated 1 Mar 839[36].  Abbé of the monastery of Glanfeuil. 

 

 

The precise relationship between Gausbert and the family shown above has not yet been ascertained.  The reference to “iuvenis” in one of the sources which record his death suggests that he must not have been aged more than in his twenties when he died. 

 

1.         GAUSBERT (-killed [851/53]).  Comte du Maine.  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Lanbertus comes Nannetansium" was killed by "Gauzberto Cenomannensium comite", the event being dated from the context to the early 850s[37].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Gauzbertus comes Cenomannensis" was killed "insidiis Nannetensium circumventus", the event being dated from the context to the early 850s[38].  The Chronicon Fontanellensis names “Gausbertus iuvenis...et Hilmeradus comes palatii” among those killed in Brittany in 851[39]

 

 

1.         GUY, son of --- (-killed in battle Jun 834)Comte du Maine.  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis reproduces a charter of Emperor Louis I dated 29 Dec 832 which names "fidelis nostrum Widonem" as holding power [in Maine][40].  The Miracula Sancti Bernardi names "Odonem fratremque illius Guillelmum, comitem Blesensium, Teutonem denique abbatem Sancti Martini, Guidonem comitem Cenomanensem" among those killed in battle against Lambert Comte de Nantes[41].  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Odo comes Aurelianensium, Willelmus frater eius comes Blesensium, Guido comes Cenomanensium" died in battle fighting "Lambertum" in 835[42].  It is more likely that this battle took place in 834, assuming that it is correct that Count Lantbert was established in Italy later that year. 

 

 

1.         BERENGER, son of --- (-13 Dec [892 or after]).  [Comte du Maine].  A notice of Saint-Martin de Tours records that officials of the church went to Le Mans 13 Jun 892 demanding justice from "comte Béranger"[43].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "Id Dec" of "Beringerius comes"[44]

 

 

1.         GAUSLIN, son of --- (-[895/98 or after).  Comte du Maine.  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that "Robertus comes" installed "Gauzlino" in Maine, during the period of the attacks by "Rotgario"[45].  His name suggests a relationship with the family of Rorico [I] Comte du Maine, one of whose sons was named Gauslin (see above). 

 

 

The relationship, if any, between the following family and the earlier comtes du Maine has not yet been identified, although the similarity of the names "Rotger" and "Rothgar" suggests a connection: 

1.         --- m --- [de Bourges], sister of Hugues Comte de Bourges, daughter of ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Abbo who names "Rotgaire, comte et neveu de Hugues" as one of the supporters of "Hugues…prince et gouverneur de Bourges", on the assumption that this passage means that the sister of Hugues was the mother of Rotger, dated to 889 from the context[46].  One child: 

a)         ROGER [Rotger] ([855/65]-before I Nov 900).  His birth date range is estimated from the estimated date of his marriage which, assuming that his wife's origin is correct as shown below, must be reasonably accurate.  Abbo names "Rotgaire, comte et neveu de Hugues" as one of the supporters of "Hugues…prince et gouverneur de Bourges" in his war against Guillaume "le Pieux" Comte d´Auvergne, dated to 889 from the context[47]Comte du Maine 897.  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records the attacks on the bishopric of Le Mans by "Rotgario", while Gunherius was bishop (from 890 to 913)[48].  His marriage, and the appointment of his rival Gauzlin by the Capet family (see above), indicate that Roger must have been a Carolingian supporter.  His date of death is estimated based on the charter dated 1 Nov 900 which names his presumed son and widow (see below).  m ([890]) ROTHILDIS, daughter of Emperor CHARLES II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks & his second wife Richildis [de Provence] ([871]-[928/29]).  Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks confirmed donations of property "in comitatu quoque Cœnomannico" made by "Hugo comes et mater sua Rothildis", at the request of "genitrix nostra Adeleidis et…comes Hugo consanguineus, necnon et…comes Ecfridus" by charter dated 1 Nov 900[49].  The charter dated 929 subscribed by "Hugonis comitis filii Rotgerii comitis" suggests that Rothildis must have been the wife of Roger[50].  Flodoard names "Rothildis, amitæ suæ [regis Karoli], socrus autem Hugonis" when recording that the king deprived her of "abbatiam…Golam" [Chelles] in favour of his favourite Haganon, the context dictating that "Hugonis" was "Hugo filius Rotberti"[51].  As the paternal aunt of King Charles III, chronology determines that she must have been the daughter of her father's second marriage, although no source has yet been identified which confirms that this is correct.  She acquired the monasteries of Chelles, and Notre-Dame and Saint-Jean at Laon.  She retreated to Chelles in 922 but was deprived of the monastery by her nephew Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks in favour of his favourite Haganon, an event which led to the rebellion of Robert Marquis en Neustrie who was the father of Rothildis's son-in-law (Hugues, later "le Grand" Duc des Francs)[52].  Her death is dated to [late 928/early 929] as Flodoard names "Rothildis…nuper defunctæ" when recording that "Heribertus et Hugo comites" (specifying that "Hugo" was "gener ipsius Rothildis") attacked "Bosonem Rodulfi regis frater" in 929 over the property of Rothildis[53].  Comte Rotger & his wife had two children:

i)          HUGUES [I] du Maine ([890]-[26 Mar 931/Sep 960]).  Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks confirmed donations of property "in comitatu quoque Cœnomannico" made by "Hugo comes et mater sua Rothildis", at the request of "genitrix nostra Adeleidis et…comes Hugo consanguineus, necnon et…comes Ecfridus" by charter dated 1 Nov 900[54].  This presumably indicates that Hugues's father was already dead at the time, and that Hugues himself was still a minor under the guardianship of his mother.  If his mother's origin is correctly identified as shown above, Hugues could have been no more than ten years old at the time.  It is assumed that "comes Hugo consanguineus" and "Hugo comes…" named in this charter were the same person, although this is not beyond all doubt.  If it is correct, the consanguinity would have been through Hugues's mother who was King Charles's paternal aunt as shown above.  He succeeded his father in [900] as Comte du Maine.  His parentage is further confirmed by the charter dated 3 May 929 under which Hugues, future duc des Francs, returned property to Saint-Martin de Tours, subscribed by "Hugonis comitis filii Rotgerii comitis"[55].  Flodoard records that in 924 Raoul King of France granted Maine to "Hugoni filio Rotberti"[56] who, as noted below, was married to the sister of Hugues [I] Comte du Maine.  It is not known whether this grant resulted in Comte Hugues [I] being temporarily dispossessed, or whether the appointment amounted to replacing Hugues (future Duc des Francs) as suzerain over Maine instead of the king.  The latter is more probable as Comte Hugues [I] subscribed the charter of [Duc] Hugues dated 929, which indicates a continuing relationship between the two.  ["Willelmi comitis, Hugoni comitis, item Hugoni, Savarici vicecomitis, Kadeloni vicecomitis, Adraldi vicecomitis, Radulfi vicecomitis…" subscribed the charter dated [936/37] ("anno I Ludovico regnante") under which "Senegundis" donated "alodem suum in pago Alienense, in vicaria Basiacinse in villa…Fornax…" to St Cyprien, Poitiers[57].  Settipani suggests that "Hugonis comitis" can reasonably identified as Hugues [I] Comte du Maine[58].]  "Hugonis ducis, filiorum eius Othonis et Hugonis, Odonis comitis, Hugonis comitis Cenomannorum, Hervei comitis Mauritaniæ, Lamberti vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated 25 Jun 954 under which "Lambertus filius Ansberti cum Girberga sorore mea…" donated property "in territorio Corbonensi" to Chartres Saint-Père[59].  "Teutbaldi comitis, Teutbaldi junioris, Gausfredi comitis, Hugonis comitis Cenomannorum…" subscribed the charter dated Sep 960 under which "Aremburgis" donated property to Saint-Florent de Saumur[60].  "Hugonis comitis Cenomannorum" in these two documents could either refer to Hugues [I] or Hugues [II].  m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues [I] & his wife had [one possible child]: 

(a)       [HUGUES (-after [936/37]).  "Willelmi comitis, Hugoni comitis, item Hugoni, Savarici vicecomitis, Kadeloni vicecomitis, Adraldi vicecomitis, Radulfi vicecomitis…" subscribed the charter dated [936/37] ("anno I Ludovico regnante") under which "Senegundis" donated "alodem suum in pago Alienense, in vicaria Basiacinse in villa…Fornax…" to St Cyprien, Poitiers[61].  If, as noted above, Settipani is correct in suggesting that "Hugonis comitis" in the list of subscribers in this charter can reasonably identified as Hugues [I] Comte du Maine[62], it is possible that "item Hugoni" was his son or other close relative.  If this is correct, he may have been the same person as [David/Hugues] du Maine who is shown below.] 

ii)         [JUDITH] du Maine ([before 900]-925).  The marriage of Hugues Comte de Paris with the daughter of Roger Comte du Maine is deduced from Flodoard naming "Rothildis, amitæ suæ [regis Karoli], socrus autem Hugonis" when recording that the king deprived Rothilde of "abbatiam…Golam" [Chelles] in favour of his favourite Hagano, the context dictating that "Hugonis" was "Hugo filius Rotberti"[63].  The source which names her father has not yet been identified, but it appears reasonably certain from the sources quoted above that Rothilde's husband was Roger.  She is named Judith in Europäische Stammtafeln[64], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  According to Settipani her name is not known[65]m ([914]) as his first wife, HUGUES, son of ROBERT Marquis en Neustrie, Comte de Paris [later ROBERT I King of France] & his second wife Béatrix de Vermandois [Carolingian] ([898]-Dourdan, Essonne Jun 956, bur Saint-Denis).  He was installed as HUGUES "le Grand" Duc des Francs in 936. 

 

 

1.         [DAVID/HUGUES] du Maine, son of --- ([915/30]-).  The only reasonably certain information concerning the father of Comte Hugues [II] is his estimated birth date range, as explained further below, which indicates that he may have been the son of Comte Hugues [I] (see above).  His name is the subject of controversy.  A series of apparently spurious charters names "David" as the father of Hugues [II] Comte du Maine, for example "Hugo, David filius, comes Cenomannorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans for the soul of "meique genitoris David et genitricis mee E" by charter dated to [971/997], subscribed by "Hugo filius meus"[66].  In addition, Robert de Torigny records that "Gaufridus comes Perticensis et David comes Cenomannensis" rebelled against "Roberto regi Francorum", after which the king granted Maine to "Gaufrido Grisagonella"[67].  According to Latouche[68], this alleged incident is based on a recital contained in De majoratu et senescalcia Franciæ[69], written in [1158] by Hugue de Clers possibly to add legitimacy to the possession of the county of Maine at that time by the counts of Anjou.  The story is anachronistic as Geoffroy "Grisegonelle" was comte d'Anjou from 958 to 987, whereas Robert II King of France succeeded in 996 (installed as associate king in Dec 987).  It is also difficult to identify "Gaufridus comes Perticensis".  It is of course possible that the report contains some essence of truth but is garbled, and that the alleged rebellion (if it did take place) was against Hugues Capet King of France (father of King Robert II).  In any case, it would be bold to assert the complete impossibility of the text being based on an earlier source, and insufficient detail is known about all events in Maine and Anjou during the 10th century to dismiss the report entirely.  The existence of David has generally been treated with scepticism[70].  Charters dated 929, 931, 955, 960, 967, 971, 976 and 994 all name "Hugues" as comte du Maine[71], referring presumably to Comte Hugues [I] and Comte Hugues [II] although the date of the transition from the one to the other is not known.  The intervals between any of these dates, during which a "Comte David" could have ruled Maine, are short, although it is not impossible that David died soon after succeeding to the county.  The other difficulty is deciding the parentage of the father of Comte Hugues [II].  An interesting possibility emerges if we assign estimated birth date ranges to the known counts of Maine in the line from Hugues [I] (who was born in [890], a relatively certain date as shown above) to Hugues [IV] (born [1018/22], also relatively certain).  Working backwards from Hugues [IV], his father must have been born in [990/1000], and his grandfather in [960/75].  The possible ranges widen the further back we work through Hugues [IV]'s ancestors, but it can be seen that Hugues [II], who was Hugues [IV]'s great-grandfather, could have been born during the period [930/50].  This is rather later than would be expected assuming that Hugues [II] belonged to the generation which followed Hugues [I].  A missing generation is therefore possible in the generally proposed genealogy of the 10th century counts of Maine.  The supposed count David would fill this gap, possibly as the son either of Hugues [I] or of an otherwise unknown brother of the latter.  If David did not exist, the generational gap still applies, which suggests the alternative possibility that there were three counts named Hugues during the period 929/994 not two as has been generally accepted.  If the documentation relating to David is a complete fabrication, the name is an odd choice to convince contemporary readers of its authenticity, as "David" was unusual in France during the 10th century.  Nevertheless, if David had existed, it would be expected that his name would be repeated among Hugues's descendants, which is not the case among those family members who can be identified from primary source documentation (although the same could also be said of the name "Roger", the name of Hugues [I]'s father).  It is unlikely that this puzzle can ever be unravelled completely to everyone's satisfaction, but at least this discussion shows that something does not fit in the generally accepted genealogy of the 10th century counts of Maine, the existence of David as a historical individual being one solution to fill the gap.  m [E---, daughter of ---].  "Hugo, David filius, comes Cenomannorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans for the soul of "meique genitoris David et genitricis mee E" by charter dated to [971/997], subscribed by "Hugo filius meus"[72].  [David/Hugues] & his wife had [one possible child]:

a)         [HUGUES [II] du Maine ([930/50]-before Dec 992).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, apart from the probably spurious documentation highlighted above in relation to the alleged David Comte du Maine.  He succeeded as Comte du Maine.]   

-        see below

 

 

HUGUES [II] du Maine, son of [DAVID/HUGUES [Comte] du Maine & his wife E---] ([930/40]-before Dec 992).  It is clear from the dates of the documents in which Hugues [II] is named that he must have been a different person from Hugues [I].  The parentage of Hugues [II] is not known with certainty.  A series of documents names "David" as his father, for example "Hugo, David filius, comes Cenomannorum" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans for the soul of "meique genitoris David et genitricis mee E" by charter dated to [971/997], subscribed by "Hugo filius meus"[73].  The arguments for and against the existence of this person are set out above.  If David did not exist, it is likely that Comte Hugues [II] was either the son of Comte Hugues [I] or of another otherwise unidentified Comte Hugues, as explained above.  He succeeded as Comte du Maine.  "Hugonis ducis, filiorum eius Othonis et Hugonis, Odonis comitis, Hugonis comitis Cenomannorum, Hervei comitis Mauritaniæ, Lamberti vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated 25 Jun 954 under which "Lambertus filius Ansberti cum Girberga sorore mea…" donated property "in territorio Corbonensi" to Chartres Saint-Père[74].  "Teutbaldi comitis, Teutbaldi junioris, Gausfredi comitis, Hugonis comitis Cenomannorum…" subscribed the charter dated Sep 960 under which "Aremburgis" donated property to Saint-Florent de Saumur[75].  "Hugonis comitis Cenomannorum" in these two documents could either refer to Hugues [I], Hugues [II] or the otherwise unidentified Comte Hugues.  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Hugonem, Cenomanensium comitem" during the bishopric of "Segenfridi" (from 971 to 997)[76].  "Sigefredus Cinnomannicæ….episcopus" donated property to Tours-Saint-Julien, with the consent of "senioris nostri Hugonis…ac filiorum eiusdem…Hugonis et Fulchonis", by charter dated Feb 971[77].  "Hugo comes Cenomannus cum filiis meis ac filiabus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans by charter dated to [971/997], subscribed by "Hugonis filii eius"[78].  The date of his death is set by the charter dated Dec 992 under which Guillaume Comte de Poitou and his wife Emma donated property to Saint-Maixent held by "Fulcho frater Hugonis comitis Cinnomanensis"[79], showing that the brothers' father was deceased at the time. 

m ---.  The name of Hugues's wife is not known. 

Hugues [II] & his wife had [five or more] children: 

1.         HUGUES [III] du Maine ([960/75]-[1014/6 Jul 1016]).  "Sigefredus Cinnomannicæ….episcopus" donated property to Tours-Saint-Julien, with the consent of "senioris nostri Hugonis…ac filiorum eiusdem…Hugonis et Fulchonis", by charter dated Feb 971[80].  Hugues [III]'s birth date range is estimated by working back from the birth date range estimated for his grandson Comte Hugues [IV], which is reasonably robust as shown below.  "Hugo comes Cenomannus cum filiis meis ac filiabus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans by charter dated to [971/997], subscribed by "Hugonis filii eius"[81].  He succeeded as Comte du Maine.  “Hugo comes Cenomannus” [one manuscript reading “Hugo David”] donated “terras...Bernationum” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture “cum...filiis meis ac filiabus” by charter dated to 990, subscribed by “Hugonis comitis, Hugonis filii eius...[82].  "Hugo Cinomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Victeur du Mans with the consent of "Hugonis filii Herbrannis" (not yet identified), by charter dated to [1000/15] which is subscribed by "Herbertus frater comitis"[83].  Guillaume of Jumièges recounts that "comitibus Hugone...Cenomanensi ac Waleranno Mellendesi" were among those who joined the army of Eudes Comte de Blois in attempting to capture the château de Tillières {Verneuil, Eure} from Richard II Duke of Normandy, and that Hugues escaped after hiding in a sheep's stable and disguising himself as a shepherd before regaining Le Mans, an event dated to the early 1000s[84].  "Hugo Cenomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel by charter dated 1014, witnessed by "Roscelini vicecomitis, Hameli de Leido Castello, Haymonis de Medano, Herberti fratris comitis, Droci filii Milonis, Odilarii Drudi"[85].  He is assumed to have died before 6 Jul 1016, the date of a charter in which "Herbertus Evigilans canem cognomine" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans[86]m ---.  The name of Hugues's wife is not known.  Hugues [III] & his wife had [four or more] children:

a)         HUGUES du Maine (-[1013/14]).  Hugues Doubleau donated the priory of Tuffé to the church of Château-du-Loir by charter dated [1013], subscribed by "Hugonis Cenomannensis civitatis comitis, Avesgaudi episcopi ipsius civitatis…Hugonis ipsius militis qui hoc preceptum fieri iussit, Hugonis filii eius…"[87].  “Hugo comes Cenomannus” [one manuscript reading “Hugo David”] donated “terras...Bernationum” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture “cum...filiis meis ac filiabus” by charter dated to 990, subscribed by “Hugonis comitis, Hugonis filii eius...[88].  It is assumed that Hugues predeceased his father. 

b)         HERIBERT [I] "Evigilans Canis/Eveille-chien" du Maine ([990/1000]-15 Feb [1032/35]).  “Widdo Lononis filius” donated “Gaudiacus” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “dominis meis Hugone atque Herberto comitibus et vice comite Radulpho eiusque filii” by undated charter dated to [1000/15][89].  He succeeded his father in [1014/15] as Comte du Maine

-        see below.

c)         daughters .  “Hugo comes Cenomannus” [one manuscript reading “Hugo David”] donated “terras...Bernationum” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture “cum...filiis meis ac filiabus” by charter dated to 990, subscribed by “Hugonis comitis, Hugonis filii eius...[90].  It is not known how many daughters were involved. 

2.         FULCO du Maine ([960/65]-after Dec 992).  "Sigefredus Cinnomannicæ….episcopus" donated property to Tours-Saint-Julien, with the consent of "senioris nostri Hugonis…ac filiorum eiusdem…Hugonis et Fulchonis", by charter dated Feb 971[91].  A charter dated Dec 992 records a donation by Guillaume Comte de Poitou and his wife Emma of property to Saint-Maixent which was held by "Fulcho frater Hugonis comitis Cinnomanensis"[92]

3.         HERIBERT "Baco" du Maine ([965/75]-after 1 Apr 1046).  Hugues Comte du Maine donated land at Voivres to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel by charter dated 1014, subscribed by "Herberti fratris comitis"[93].  "Hugo Cinomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Victeur du Mans with the consent of "Hugonis filii Herbrannis" (not yet identified), by charter dated to [1000/15] which is subscribed by "Herbertus frater comitis"[94].  "Hugo Cenomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel by charter dated 1014, witnessed by "Roscelini vicecomitis, Hameli de Leido Castello, Haymonis de Medano, Herberti fratris comitis, Droci filii Milonis, Odilarii Drudi"[95].  He was regent for his great nephew Hugues [IV] Comte du Maine [1032/35]-1046.  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Herbertus comes, cognomento Baco, avunculus Herberti" when recording his disputes with "Avesgaudi episcopi"[96].  He was deposed as regent and sent to a monastery. 

4.         daughters .  The charter dated to [971/997] under which "Hugo comes Cenomannus cum filiis meis ac filiabus" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans[97] shows that Hugues [II] had more than one daughter, but no information has been found to indicate how many daughters there were or whether they married. 

 

 

HERIBERT [I] "Evigilans Canis/Eveille-chien" du Maine, son of HUGUES [III] Comte du Maine & his wife ---  ([990/1000]-15 Feb [1032/35]).  “Widdo Lononis filius” donated “Gaudiacus” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “dominis meis Hugone atque Herberto comitibus et vice comite Radulpho eiusque filii” by undated charter dated to [1000/15][98].  He succeeded his father in [1014/15] as Comte du Maine.  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "comes pernimium iuvenis Herbertus cognomento Evigilans Canem" as ruler of "Cenomannicum consulatum" during the life of Lizois de Basauges (see the document ANJOU)[99], which if correct suggests that Héribert must have been born during the later part of 10th century (which is consistent with the birth date range attributed to his son Hugues [IV], see below).  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Herberto, comite Cenomanensi" during the bishopric of "Avesgaudi" (from [997] to [1036])[100].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Herbertus Cenommanorum comes ex prosapia (ut fertur) Caroli Magni originem", known as "Evigilans-Canem" because of his merit, after the death of “Hugonis patris sui” whom “Fulco senior” [Foulques III Comte d´Anjou] had subjugated, attacked Anjou[101].  "Herbertus Evigilans canem cognomine" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans after defeating "Odone Campaniensi…comite" by charter dated Jul 1016[102], which shows that Héribert must have reversed his father's policy of support for Eudes Comte de Blois (see above).  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that Foulques "Nerra" Comte d'Anjou captured "Arbertum, Cenomannis comitem" at Saintes, "prima quadregismæ dominica post cœnam nocte" (7/8 Mar) according to a later passage, in 1029 according to the editor of the version consulted[103].  The Martyrologe de la Couture records the death "XV Kal Mar" of "Herbertus comes Cenom"[104]

m --- (-after 8 Mar [1029]).  The name of Héribert's wife is not known.  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that the wife of Foulques "Nerra" Comte d'Anjou attempted to capture "uxorem Arberti" on the same day her husband was captured but that she was able to escape[105]

Comte Héribert [I] & his wife had four children:

1.         HUGUES [IV] du Maine ([1018/22]-26 Mar 1051).  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Hugonem…Herberti filium" when recording that "Herbertus Baccho" tried to disinherit him[106].  He succeeded his father in [1032/35] as Comte du Maine, minor until 1036.  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "VII Kal Apr" of "Hugo comes, Herberti filius"[107]m (after 14 Apr 1046) as her second husband, BERTHE de Blois, widow of ALAIN III Duke of Brittany, daughter of EUDES II Comte de Blois & his second wife Ermengarde d'Auvergne ([[11/13] Apr 1085).  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that Bishop Gervais arranged the marriage of "Hugonem…Herberti filium" and "Bertam…Alani Britannorum comitis olim coniugem"[108].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti", after the death of "Alannus Britannorum comes" who was poisoned “a Normannis in Normania”, married “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem[109].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii which records the death in 1062 of "Herbertus Cenomannensium Comes et frater uterinus Conani ducis"[110].  The Flandria Generosa names "Berta comitissa" as daughter of "altera Ermengardis comitissa", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and his wife [Hawise] de Bretagne which provided the grounds for the couple's separation[111].  After the death of her second husband, Berthe was expelled from Le Mans by the inhabitants who invited Geoffroy "Martel" Comte d'Anjou to enter the town.  "Comitis Tedbaldi sorori…Berte" donated property by charter dated 12 May 1069[112].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1084 of "Bertha Comitissa mater Conani"[113].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1085 of "Bertha religiosa Comitissa", stating that she restored "Monasterium S. Melanii"[114].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1085 of "Berthæ comitissæ"[115].  The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "II Id Apr" of "Berta comitissa"[116].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death "Kal Jun" in 1085 of "Bertha Comitissa Britanniæ, mater Conani Ducis, soror Fulconis"[117], although no other record has been found which confirms that Berthe had a brother named Foulques.  Comte Hugues IV & his wife had two children:

a)         HERIBERT [II] du Maine (-9 Mar 1062).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti" and his wife “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem” had “filium...Herbertum et tres filias” (two of which he confuses with the sisters of Comte Hugues [IV])[118].  He succeeded his father in 1051 as Comte du Maine.  The dating clause of a charter dated 15 Nov 1058, which records a donation by Gervaise Bishop of Le Mans to Saint-Vincent du Mans, names "…Herberto puerulo comite…"[119].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1062 of "Herbertus Cenomannensium Comes et frater uterinus Conani ducis"[120]

b)         MARGUERITE du Maine ([1047/51]-Fécamp 13 Dec [1063], bur Fécamp).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Robertus” was betrothed to “Margareta filia Herberti quondam Cenomannensis comitis” who died “apud Fiscannum” before the marriage[121].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti" and his wife “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem” had “filium...Herbertum et tres filias” (two of which he confuses with the sisters of Comte Hugues [IV]) of whom “Margarita” who was betrothed to “Rodberto filio Guillelmi ducis Neustriæ” but died “virgo in tutela eiusdem ducis[122].  The same source records in another passage that “Herberti juvenis Cenomanensium comitis...Margaritam sororem suam” was betrothed to “Willermus dux...Rodberto eiusdem ducis filio” who was granted “comitatum...Cenomannensem”, and adds that Marguerite was consigned to “Stigando...viro de Mansione Odonis” but died before reaching marriageable age[123]Betrothed (before [1063]) to ROBERT de Normandie, son of GUILLAUME II Duke of Normandy [later WILLIAM I King of England] & his wife Mathilde de Flandre (Normandy [1052/54]-Cardiff Castle 3/10/15 Feb 1135, bur Gloucester Cathedral). 

2.         GERSENDE du Maine ([1025/35]-).  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that "Atho marchisius" left Maine in the hands of "Gaufridi de Meduana", also naming "uxor eiusdem marchisii Garcendis…filia Herberti Cenomannorum…comitis…Evigila Canem" and specifying that she had married firstly "Theobaldo duci Campanie" and that he had repudiated her[124].  The same source comments that "Gaufredi de Meduana" was "tutor et quasi maritus", implying that Gersende was his mistress.  Guillaume de Poitou records that "Galterium Medantinum comitem" married "soror Hugonis"[125].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti" and his wife “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem” had “filium...Herbertum et tres filias”, of whom one married “Azsoni marchiso Liguriæ” (which would be difficult to sustain chronologically and confuses the children of Hugues [IV] Comte du Maine with his sisters)[126]m firstly (repudiated 1048) as his first wife, THIBAUT III Comte de Blois, son of EUDES II Comte de Blois & his second wife Ermengarde d'Auvergne ([1010]-29/30 Sep 1089, bur Epernay).  m secondly ([1049/51]) as his second wife, ALBERTO AZZO [II] d'Este, son of ALBERTO AZZO [I] d'Este & his first wife Valdriada Candriada ([996]-Vangadizza monastery 1097).  Comte du Maine [1069/70].  Mistress of: ([1070/71]) GEOFFROY de Mayenne, son of HAYMON & his wife --- (-[May/Dec] 1098).  Gersende du Maine & her second husband had two children:

a)         UGO d'Este (-1131).  His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who states that he was younger than his brother Folco (see below).  He succeeded in 1070 as Comte du Maine.  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed "nostri dilecti cancellarii Ugoni et Fulconi germanis Azonis marchionis filiis" in all their possessions "in comitatu Gauolli, Rodigum, Cederniano, Sarzano, Maretiniago…in comitatu [Pata]uiensi Este" by undated charter placed in the compilation with other charters dated 1077[127].  He and his brother made no attempt to claim their inheritance but in 1090 were contacted in Italy by the men of Maine who had rebelled against the Normans: Orderic Vitalis records the rebellion in 1090 of “Cenomanni contra Normannos” and their sending a deputation to “filiis Azsonis marchisi Liguriæ” inviting him to come to Maine as their leader, adding that it was agreed between “filiis Azsonis” that “Fulco...major natu” should retain “patris honorem in Italia” while “Hugo...frater eius” should claim “Cenomannensem principatum ex matris hereditate[128].  The same source records that Hugues arrived in Maine and was helped by “Gaufridus Madeniensis et Helias aliique cives et oppidoni” to secure his inheritance[129]According to Orderic Vitalis, when "the men of Maine discovered that their new count had neither riches nor judgment and courage to commend him, the hotheads began to regret their action"[130].  He betrayed Matilda Ctss of Tuscany (married to his half-brother's son) in early 1091, frustrating her plan to capture Emperor Heinrich IV during the latter's journey to Italy[131]Orderic Vitalis records that “Helias consobrinus eius” suggested to Hugues that he returned “in patriam tuam” and sold him the county, which he did for “x milia solidorum”, dated to [1090][132]The dating clause of a charter dated to [1093], which records a dispute between "Herbertus [de Wirchia]" and the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, refers to the year in which "Longobardus…Helie comiti" sold "Cenomannicum comitatum"[133]m (1078, repudiated) [ERIA] of Apulia, daughter of ROBERT "Guiscard/Weasel" Duke of Apulia & his second wife Sichelgaita di Salerno.  Orderic Vitalis records that “Hugo” had married “filiam Roberti Wiscardi” but had repudiated her, for which Pope Urban II had excommunicated him[134]Her father's insistance that his principal vassals meet the cost of her wedding caused considerable resentment, triggering the revolt against Robert Guiscard in autumn 1078.  Amatus records the marriage of Duke Robert's (unnamed) daughter, endowed "with a very fine dowry", and the (unnamed) son of Marquis Azzo[135].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

b)         other child: see ESTE

3.         PAULE du Maine ([1025/35]-).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti" and his wife “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem” had “filium...Herbertum et tres filias”, of whom the third married “Johanni domino castri...Flecchia” (which would be difficult to sustain chronologically and confuses the children of Hugues [IV] Comte du Maine with his sisters) and had three children “Goisbertum, Heliam et Enoch[136].  Her father is named by Orderic Vitalis, who also records her marriage to "Lancelin de Beaugency"[137].  However, in another passage the same source names "Helias, Johannis et Paulæ filius, Hugonis Cenomannorum consulis consobrinus"[138].  From a chronological point of view, it is more likely that Jean, son of Lancelin de Baugency, was the husband of Paule du Maine.  m JEAN de la Flèche, son of LANCELIN de Baugency & his wife --- (-before [1097]), bur Angers, Saint-Aubin). 

-        see below, Part B.  

4.         BIOTE du Maine ([1025/35]-poisoned Falaise 1063).  Guillaume de Poitiers names "la sœur de Hugues" as wife of "Gautier comte de Mantes"[139].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Walterius Pontesiensium comes filius Drogonis comitis” (who had accompanied “Rodberto seniore Normannorum duce in Jerusalem”) married “Biotam Hugonis Cenomannensium comitis filiam...amita [Herberti juvenis Cenomanensium comitis]” and claimed “totum comitatum Cenomannensem” and occupied a part, but that “prædictus comes Walterius et Biota conjux eius” died “(ut ferunt) lethali veneno” while Guillaume II Duke of Normandy was attacking the rebels[140]m GAUTHIER [III] Comte de Mantes, son of DREUX [Drogo] Comte de Mantes & his wife Godgifu [Goda] of England (before [29 Mar 1030/10 Apr 1031]-poisoned Falaise [2 Aug] 1063).  Orderic Vitalis records that “Walterius Pontesiensium comes filius Drogonis comitis” (who had accompanied “Rodberto seniore Normannorum duce in Jerusalem”) married “Biotam Hugonis Cenomannensium comitis filiam...amita [Herberti juvenis Cenomanensium comitis]” and claimed “totum comitatum Cenomannensem” and occupied a part, but that “prædictus comes Walterius et Biota conjux eius” died “(ut ferunt) lethali veneno” while Guillaume II Duke of Normandy was attacking the rebels[141]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES du MAINE (BAUGENCY-la FLECHE)

 

 

JEAN de la Flèche, son of LANCELIN [I] de Baugency & his wife --- (-[1097], bur Angers, Saint-Aubin).  Son of Lancelin according to Orderic Vitalis, who says that his mother was the daughter of the Comte du Maine[142], which appears to result from confusion with his wife.  "Domna Agnes comitissa" [wife of Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou] bought "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati…juxta…castrum Vindocini" from "Lancelino dominico vasso de castro Balgentiaco" and "apud Castrum-Dunum alteram ecclesiam" from "filiis eiusdem Lancelino…Johanne et Lancelino" by charter dated to before 1040[143].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1087 records donations to Angers Saint-Aubin by "Johannes de Fissa", with the consent of "Helias filius eius"[144].  A charter dated to [1097] records that "Johannes de Fissa" became a monk after falling ill at Château-Gonthier and died soon after[145].  A charter dated to [1097] records confirmation of donations to Angers Saint-Aubin by "Elias…filius eius…et frater eius Gaufridus" after the burial of their father[146]

m PAULE du Maine, daughter of HERIBERT [I] "Eveille-chien" Comte du Maine & his wife --- ([1025/35]-).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti" and his wife “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem” had “filium...Herbertum et tres filias”, of whom the third married “Johanni domino castri...Flecchia” (which would be difficult to sustain chronologically and confuses the children of Hugues [IV] Comte du Maine with his sisters) and had three children “Goisbertum, Heliam et Enoch[147].  Her father is named by Orderic Vitalis, who also records her marriage to "Lancelin de Beaugency"[148].  However, in another passage the same source names "Helias, Johannis et Paulæ filius, Hugonis Cenomannorum consulis consobrinus"[149].  From a chronological point of view, it is more likely that Jean, son of Lancelin de Baugency, was the husband of Paule du Maine. 

Jean de la Flèche & his wife had [eight] children:

1.         GAUSBERT de la Flèche (-after [1097]).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti" and his wife “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem” had “filium...Herbertum et tres filias”, of whom the third married “Johanni domino castri...Flecchia” (which would be difficult to sustain chronologically and confuses the children of Hugues [IV] Comte du Maine with his sisters) and had three children “Goisbertum, Heliam et Enoch[150].  In a later passage, Orderic Vitalis also relates "Huie sex fratres fuerunt, quorum duo priores: Goisbertus et Enoch, post militiam monachi facti sunt; reliqui vero quatuor: Joffredus et Lancelinus, Milo et Guillelmus, immaturata morte præventi sunt", referring from the context to the brothers of Helias[151].  A charter dated to after 1097 records that "Gausbertus filius Johannis de Fissa major natu" had objected to donations to Angers Saint-Aubin made by "pater eius" with the consent of "frater", and that after he died the donations were confirmed[152]

2.         HELIE de la Flèche (-11 Jul 1110, bur Saint-Pierre de la Couture[153])Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti" and his wife “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem” had “filium...Herbertum et tres filias”, of whom the third married “Johanni domino castri...Flecchia” (which would be difficult to sustain chronologically and confuses the children of Hugues [IV] Comte du Maine with his sisters) and had three children “Goisbertum, Heliam et Enoch[154].  Orderic Vitalis names "Helias, Johannis et Paulæ filius, Hugonis Cenomannorum consulis consobrinus"[155].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1087 records donations to Angers Saint-Aubin by "Johannes de Fissa", with the consent of "Helias filius eius"[156]Orderic Vitalis records that, after Ugo d´Este arrived in Maine, and was helped by “Gaufridus Madeniensis et Helias aliique cives et oppidoni” to secure his inheritance, dated to 1090, adding that “Helias de Flechia” captured “Hoellus antistes” who opposed them and held him in chains until the newly arrived count was received “in urbe Cenomannica[157].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Helias consobrinus eius”, noting his legitimate claim to Maine because “filia Herberti comitis” had married “Lancelinum de Balgenceio” by whom she had “Lancelinum Radulfi patrem et Johannem meum genitorem” [an inaccurate description of the descent], suggested to Hugues that he returned “in patriam tuam” and sold him the county, which he did for “x milia solidorum”, dated to [1090][158].  He succeeded as Comte du MaineOrderic Vitalis records that “Helias [de Balgenceio]” was “heres...soceri sui Gervasii de Castro Ligeri” whose daughter he had married[159]"Comes Helyas qui totius patrie dominus est" donated property “quia de patrimonio uxoris sue Mahildis fuit, etenim Elisabeth, matris Gervasii, patris Mahildis, conjugis sue” to Château-du-Loir by charter dated to [1095][160].  A charter dated to [1097] records confirmation of donations to Angers Saint-Aubin by "Elias…filius eius…et frater eius Gaufridus" after the burial of their father[161].  "Gener suus...Cenomanice civitatis Helyas" confirmed a donation made to Saint-Guingalois “in castro...Ledi fondato” by “supradicti castri dominum Gervasium” to Château-du-Loir on the death of “uxor sua Eremburgis” by charter dated to [1097], subscribed by “...Garsendis uxor eiusdem Gervasii...[162].  He delayed his departure on the First Crusade in 1097 because William II King of England threatened to capture Maine in his absence, and attacked Robert de Bellême in 1098, but was captured and handed to King William at Rouen[163].  The town of Le Mans was captured by Robert, son of Hugues de Montfort, and handed to Guillaume Comte d'Evreux and Gilbert de Laigle.  Helias was released, and returned to la Flèche and the castles he owned de iure uxoris[164].  Helias recaptured the city in late 1100 after the death of King William II[165].  "Helias comes Cenomanensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Pierre de Couture, for the soul of "monachatu Enoch fratris mei", by undated charter dated to [1109][166].  The Annals of Waverley record that “Philippus de Brausa et Willelmus Malet et Willelmus Barnard et Helias comes Cenomanniæ” were deprived of their lands in 1110[167].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "V Id Jul" of "Cenomannorum comes Helias"[168].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the death "1110 V Id Jul" of "Helias comes"[169].  The Annales Sancti Albini Andegavensis record the death "V Id Jul" in 1110 of "Helias comes"[170]m firstly MATHILDE de Château-du-Loir, daughter of GERVAIS de Château-du-Loir & his first wife Eremburgis --- (-[10/25] Mar 1099).  Orderic Vitalis names "Mathildem filiam Gervasii…qui Rodeberti Brochardi filius fuit" as wife of Helias[171].  The same source records that her dowry consisted of the castles of Château-du-Loir, Mayet, Lucé-le-Grand and Outillé[172][173]"Comes Helyas qui totius patrie dominus est" donated property “quia de patrimonio uxoris sue Mahildis fuit, etenim Elisabeth, matris Gervasii, patris Mahildis, conjugis sue” to Château-du-Loir by charter dated to [1095][174].  "Helias comes Cenomanensis" donated his chapel at the foot of la Tour de Château-du-Loir to Saint-Guingalois for the soul of "uxoris suæ Mathildis, ante paucos dies defunctæ" by charter dated 27 Mar 1099[175]m secondly (after 1099) as her second husband, [AGNES d’Aquitaine, divorced wife of ALFONSO VI King of Castile and Leon, daughter of GUILLAUME VIII Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME VI Comte de Poitou] & his second wife Mathilde ---] ([1059]-[1077/93] or after 1099, bur Sahagún, León, royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo)].  Orderic Vitalis refers to this second marriage of Comte Hélie and "Agnetem filiam Guillelmi Pictavorum ducis relictam Hildefonsi senioris Galiciae regis"[176].  However, there are indications (which are not conclusive) that King Alfonso´s wife Agnes died before his second marriage (see the document CASTILE & LEON KINGS for full details).  Another possibility is that Orderic´s passage misstates the name "Agnetem" for "Beatricem", and that the second wife of Comte Hélie was King Alfonso VI´s widow Beatrix whose family origin is not otherwise recorded and who could therefore have been Beatrix, daughter of Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume VI Comte de Poitou] & his third wife Hildegarde de Bourgogne [Capet], this parentage being the most probable from a chronological point of view if she was the daughter of one of the dukes of Aquitaine.  Comte Hélie & his first wife had one child:

a)         EREMBURGE du Maine ([1096]-14 Jan 1126)Orderic Vitalis names “Eremburgem” as the daughter of “Helias [de Balgenceio]” and his wife “Gervasii de Castro Ligeri...filiam”, adding that she married “domini sui filio Fulconi Andegavorum comiti[177]The Gesta Consulum Andegavensium records that "Gosfridum Martellum" was betrothed to "Helias comes unicam filiam", who later married his younger half-brother[178].  A charter dated 25 Apr 1120 records that "comes Andergavensis Fulco Fulconis et comitissa uxor eius Aremburgis filia comitis Helie" were present at the consecration of the church of Le Mans[179].  She succeeded her father in 1110 as Ctss du Maine.  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XVIII Kal Feb" of "Haremburgis Andegavorum nobilis comitissa"[180]Betrothed to GEOFFROY IV Comte d'Anjou, son of FOULQUES IV "le Réchin" Comte d'Anjou & his second wife Ermengarde de Bourbon ([1073]-19 May 1106).  m (betrothed before 14 Apr 1109, 11 Jul 1110) as his first wife, FOULQUES V Comte d'Anjou, son of FOULQUES IV "le Réchin" Comte d'Anjou & his fifth wife Bertrade de Montfort (1092-Acre 13 Nov 1144). 

3.         ENOCH de la Flèche (-after [1109]).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti" and his wife “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem” had “filium...Herbertum et tres filias”, of whom the third married “Johanni domino castri...Flecchia” (which would be difficult to sustain chronologically and confuses the children of Hugues [IV] Comte du Maine with his sisters) and had three children “Goisbertum, Heliam et Enoch[181].  In a later passage, Orderic Vitalis also relates "Huie sex fratres fuerunt, quorum duo priores: Goisbertus et Enoch, post militiam monachi facti sunt; reliqui vero quatuor: Joffredus et Lancelinus, Milo et Guillelmus, immaturata morte præventi sunt", referring from the context to the brothers of Helias[182].  Monk at la Couture.  "Helias comes Cenomanensis" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Pierre de Couture, for "monachatu Enoch fratris mei", by undated charter dated to [1109][183]

4.         GEOFFROY de la Flèche (-after [1097]).  Orderic Vitalis relates "Huie sex fratres fuerunt, quorum duo priores: Goisbertus et Enoch, post militiam monachi facti sunt; reliqui vero quatuor: Joffredus et Lancelinus, Milo et Guillelmus, immaturata morte præventi sunt", referring from the context to the brothers of Helias164.  A charter dated to [1097] records confirmation of donations to Angers Saint-Aubin by "Elias…filius eius…et frater eius Gaufridus" after the burial of their father[184]

5.         LANCELIN de la Flèche .  Orderic Vitalis relates "Huie sex fratres fuerunt, quorum duo priores: Goisbertus et Enoch, post militiam monachi facti sunt; reliqui vero quatuor: Joffredus et Lancelinus, Milo et Guillelmus, immaturata morte præventi sunt", referring from the context to the brothers of Helias164

6.         MILON de la Flèche .  Orderic Vitalis relates "Huie sex fratres fuerunt, quorum duo priores: Goisbertus et Enoch, post militiam monachi facti sunt; reliqui vero quatuor: Joffredus et Lancelinus, Milo et Guillelmus, immaturata morte præventi sunt", referring from the context to the brothers of Helias164

7.         GUILLAUME de la Flèche .  Orderic Vitalis relates "Huie sex fratres fuerunt, quorum duo priores: Goisbertus et Enoch, post militiam monachi facti sunt; reliqui vero quatuor: Joffredus et Lancelinus, Milo et Guillelmus, immaturata morte præventi sunt", referring from the context to the brothers of Helias164

8.         [daughter .  It is assumed that "comitis" referred to in the charter quoted below was Hélie Comte du Maine (although this is not without doubt considering the vague dating of the document).  If this is correct, the precise relationship between Rainard and Comte Hélie is not known but, if "nepos" is interpreted literally in the charter quoted below, he would have been the son of one of Hélie´s siblings.  If this is correct, it is more likely that he was the son of an otherwise unrecorded sister of the count as no record has been found that Rainard or any of his descendants claimed the county of Maine after Comte Hélie´s death in 1110.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         RAINARD .  A charter dated to end-11th century records the accusations made by "Rainardus nepos comitis…cum uxore sua Adelide matre…Alberici pueri de Miletia" relating to a donation of property by "Winebaudus" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[185]m as her second husband, ADELAIDE, widow of --- [de Miletia], daughter of ---.  A charter dated to end-11th century records the accusations made by "Rainardus nepos comitis…cum uxore sua Adelide matre…Alberici pueri de Miletia" relating to a donation of property by "Winebaudus" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[186]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    SIRES de BRAITEL

 

 

A.      SIRES de BRAITEL

 

 

The castle of Braitel was situated in the parish of Lombron {Sarthe}.  The place is now known as Bresteau.  The families of the sires de Braitel were studied in the later 19th century by Samuel Menjot d´Elbenne[187]

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME .  His name is confirmed by the charter dated to [1064/76] under which his son "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier[188]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGUES (-1076).  Sire de Braitel.  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise, nepotum quoque meorum filiorum Rotberti de Monte Boone, Gauffredi…atque Guillelmi" and with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis" by charter dated to [1050/60][189].  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76], which also records the donation by "Gaufredus gener suus et Hervisa filia eiusdem Hugonis, uxor Gauffredi"[190]m ERME, daughter of ---.  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise, nepotum quoque meorum filiorum Rotberti de Monte Boone, Gauffredi…atque Guillelmi" by charter dated to [1050/60][191].  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76], which also records the donation by "Gaufredus gener suus et Hervisa filia eiusdem Hugonis, uxor Gauffredi"[192].  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

i)          HERVISE .  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise…" by charter dated to [1050/60][193].  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76], which also records the donation by "Gaufredus gener suus et Hervisa filia eiusdem Hugonis, uxor Gauffredi"[194]m GEOFFROY de Beaumont, son of --- (-before 1096). 

b)         daughter .  m ROBERT de Mont Boon, son of ---.  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEOFFROY .  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise, nepotum quoque meorum filiorum Rotberti de Monte Boone, Gauffredi…atque Guillelmi" by charter dated to [1050/60][195]

ii)         GUILLAUME .  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise, nepotum quoque meorum filiorum Rotberti de Monte Boone, Gauffredi…atque Guillelmi" by charter dated to [1050/60][196]

 

 

2.         HERVE de Braitel (-after [1065]).  "Herveus de Braitel" donated a mill at "Mesharenchio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1065][197].  His relationship, if any, to Guillaume de Braitel has not been determined. 

 

 

 

B.      SIRES de BRAITEL (BEAUMONT)

 

 

GEOFFROY de Beaumont, son of RAOUL [IV] de Beaumont Vicomte du Maine & his wife Eremburgis ---).  "Gaufridus filius Roscelini vicecomitis" sold "ecclesias de Sogona" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1060][198].  "Huberti vicecomitis, Gaufridi avunculi sui…" witnessed a charter dated to [1067/69] which records a donation by "Willelmus cognomento Osoenus" to Saint-Vincent du Mans[199].  "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…"[200]

m HERVISE de Braitel, daughter of HUGUES Sire de Braitel & his wife Erme ---.  "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis mee Erme…atque unice filie…Hervise…" by charter dated to [1050/60][201].  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76], which also records the donation by "Gaufredus gener suus et Hervisa filia eiusdem Hugonis, uxor Gauffredi"[202]

Geoffroy & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUILLAUME de Braitel (-1116 or after).  "Willelmus Braitellensis filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesiam de villa…Domnolium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratres mei Hugo atque Gaufridus" and "Radulfus Rothroci filius et Godehilda uxor eius et Giroius eius filius, atque Gaufridus et Willelmus atque Helvisa et Margarita filii et filie eorum", by charter dated 1096[203].  "…Willelmus de Braitello, Hugo, Gaufridus, fratres eius et Odo bastardus…" witnessed the charter dated 22 Jun 1096 which records the donation by "Wido…de Sarciaco cum fratribus suis Nicholao atque Pagano" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, on joining the crusade[204].  He joined the crusade in 1096[205].  "Willelmus filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesia Sancti Martini de Lunbrun" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, after recovering "honorem suum de Bruitello", by undated charter dated to [1080/1102], witnessed by "Odone fratre eius bastardo"[206]

2.         HUGUES de Braitel (-1112 or after).  "Willelmus Braitellensis filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesiam de villa…Domnolium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratres mei Hugo atque Gaufridus", by charter dated 1096[207].  "…Willelmus de Braitello, Hugo, Gaufridus, fratres eius et Odo bastardus…" witnessed the charter dated 22 Jun 1096 which records the donation by "Wido…de Sarciaco cum fratribus suis Nicholao atque Pagano" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, on joining the crusade[208].  1075/1112.  "…Hugo de Braitel…" witnessed the charter dated 21 Oct 1110 which records that Hélie Comte du Maine renounced rights to revenue from the fair of St Thomas[209]

3.         GEOFFROY de Braitel (-after 22 Jun 1096).  "Willelmus Braitellensis filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesiam de villa…Domnolium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratres mei Hugo atque Gaufridus", by charter dated 1096[210].  "…Willelmus de Braitello, Hugo, Gaufridus, fratres eius et Odo bastardus…" witnessed the charter dated 22 Jun 1096 which records the donation by "Wido…de Sarciaco cum fratribus suis Nicholao atque Pagano" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, on joining the crusade[211].  1078/1096. 

Geoffroy had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

4.          EUDES de Braitel .  "Willelmus filius Gaufridi vicecomitis" donated "ecclesia Sancti Martini de Lunbrun" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, after recovering "honorem suum de Bruitello", by undated charter dated to [1080/1102], witnessed by "Odone fratre eius bastardo"[212].  "…Willelmus de Braitello, Hugo, Gaufridus, fratres eius et Odo bastardus…" witnessed the charter dated 22 Jun 1096 which records the donation by "Wido…de Sarciaco cum fratribus suis Nicholao atque Pagano" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, on joining the crusade[213]. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    SEIGNEURS de CHAOURCES (SOURCHES)

 

 

The castle of Sourches en Saint-Symphorien, previously known as Chaources, is situated in the canton of Conlie in the present-day French département of la Sarthe, north-west of Le Mans.  Cars and Ledru note that in medieval times there existed two castles of the same name, located close to each other, held by different families of seigneurs whom they suggest were descended from the brothers Bouchard [I] and Hugues [I] who are shown below[214].  The definitive reconstruction of this family is hampered by the number of references to individuals named Hugues.  They have been separated for presentational purposes into six different persons.  It is likely that there is considerable overlap, but it is not possible to ascertain with certainty the number of different Hugues de Chaources who existed. 

 

 

1.         ERNAUD de Brizay (-after 1045).  Cars and Ledru name “Simon de Brizay, présent en 1050 à la fondation du prieuré de Saint-André de Mirebeau, Bouchard seigneur de Sourches et Hugues seigneur de Marigné, tige des de Sourches seigneurs de Saint-Aignan, de Brûlon, de Malicorne et de Bernay” as the sons of “Ernauld de Brizay, vivant encore en 1045[215].  He does cite the primary sources which confirm the affiliation and it is possible that is speculative.  Ernaud´s three supposed sons are therefore shown in square brackets below.  m ---.  The name of Ernaud´s wife is not known.  Ernaud & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         [SIMON de Brizay (-after 1050).  Cars and Ledru name “Simon de Brizay, présent en 1050 à la fondation du prieuré de Saint-André de Mirebeau, Bouchard seigneur de Sourches et Hugues seigneur de Marigné, tige des de Sourches seigneurs de Saint-Aignan, de Brûlon, de Malicorne et de Bernay” as the sons of “Ernauld de Brizay, vivant encore en 1045[216].] 

b)         [BOUCHARD [I] de Chaources .  Cars and Ledru name “Simon de Brizay, présent en 1050 à la fondation du prieuré de Saint-André de Mirebeau, Bouchard seigneur de Sourches et Hugues seigneur de Marigné, tige des de Sourches seigneurs de Saint-Aignan, de Brûlon, de Malicorne et de Bernay” as the sons of “Ernauld de Brizay, vivant encore en 1045[217].  "Burchardus de Cadurciis", gravely ill, donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "uxor eiusdem…Richeldis" and in the presence of "parvulo filio eius Hamelino", by charter dated to [1068/78][218].  "Gunherius de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, noting that "Bucchardus de Cadurciis" had donated one third interest in the church with the consent of "Hugone Cadurcino", by charter dated to [1067/78][219].  A charter dated to [1078] records a claim on "ecclesia Atteniaci" by "Johannes de Luciaco", adding that he had married "Hugonem de Resqul…neptem" and that the abbot of Saint-Vincent du Mans reached agreement with "Bucchardi" with the consent of "uxore sua Alsendi et filio eius Hugone"[220].]  m RICHELDIS [Alsendis], daughter of ---.  "Burchardus de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "uxor eiusdem…Richeldis" and in the presence of "parvulo filio eius Hamelino", by charter dated to [1068/78][221].  A charter dated to [1078] records a claim on "ecclesia Atteniaci" by "Johannes de Luciaco", adding that he had married "Hugonem de Resqul…neptem" and that the abbot of Saint-Vincent du Mans reached agreement with "Bucchardi" with the consent of "uxore sua Alsendi et filio eius Hugone"[222].  Bouchard [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          HUGUES [II] .  "Burchardus de Cadurciis", gravely ill, donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "uxor eiusdem…Richeldis" and in the presence of "parvulo filio eius Hamelino", by charter dated to [1068/78], the following charter in the cartulary recording the settlement of a dispute relating to the same property involving “Hugo filius supradicti Bucchardi[223].  "Gunherius de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, noting that "Bucchardus de Cadurciis" had donated one third interest in the church with the consent of "Hugone Cadurcino", by charter dated to [1067/78][224].  A charter dated to [1078] records a claim on "ecclesia Atteniaci" by "Johannes de Luciaco", adding that he had married "Hugonem de Resqul…neptem" and that the abbot of Saint-Vincent du Mans reached agreement with "Bucchardi" with the consent of "uxore sua Alsendi et filio eius Hugone"[225]

ii)         HAMELIN .  "Burchardus de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "uxor eiusdem…Richeldis" and in the presence of "parvulo filio eius Hamelino", by charter dated to [1068/78][226]

c)         [HUGUES [I] de Chaources .  Cars and Ledru name “Simon de Brizay, présent en 1050 à la fondation du prieuré de Saint-André de Mirebeau, Bouchard seigneur de Sourches et Hugues seigneur de Marigné, tige des de Sourches seigneurs de Saint-Aignan, de Brûlon, de Malicorne et de Bernay” as the sons of “Ernauld de Brizay, vivant encore en 1045[227].  He is named “Hugonis de Matrinniaco” in the charter of his son Patrice [I] dated to [1050] which is quoted below.]  m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          PATRICE [I] de Chaources .  A charter dated to [1050] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis filius Hugonis de Matrinniaco” became a monk at Saint-Pierre de la Couture, donated “villam...Lavariacum” with the consent of “Hugone et Goffrido utique suis filiis”, and that after he died “quidam sacerdos eius consanguineus...Rainaldus” also became a monk there and donated “capellam...in honore sancti Dionysii, non longe a castro Genide”, by undated charter dated to [1050][228]m ---.  The name of Patrick´s wife is not known.  Patrick & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HUGUES [III] de Chaources .  A charter dated to [1050] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis filius Hugonis de Matrinniaco” became a monk at Saint-Pierre de la Couture, donated “villam...Lavariacum” with the consent of “Hugone et Goffrido utique suis filiis”, by undated charter dated to [1050][229]

(b)       GEOFFROY de Chaources .  A charter dated to [1050] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis filius Hugonis de Matrinniaco” became a monk at Saint-Pierre de la Couture, donated “villam...Lavariacum” with the consent of “Hugone et Goffrido utique suis filiis”, by undated charter dated to [1050][230].

 

 

[Three] siblings.  Their parents have not been identified, but the common donation of the church of Attigny suggests that they were closely related to Bouchard [I] de Chaources: 

1.         GONTHIER de Chaources .  "Gunherius de Cadurciis" donated "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, noting that "Bucchardus de Cadurciis" had donated one third interest in the church with the consent of "Hugone Cadurcino", by charter dated to [1067/78][231]

2.         HUGUES de Requeil .  "Miles Hugo de Rescolio" donated part of "ecclesia Atteniaci" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1067/78], which names "fratri eius…Gunherio"[232]

3.         [--- .]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         daughter .  A charter dated to [1078] records a claim on "ecclesia Atteniaci" by "Johannes de Luciaco", adding that he had married "Hugonem de Resqul…neptem" and that the abbot of Saint-Vincent du Mans reached agreement with "Bucchardi" with the consent of "uxore sua Alsendi et filio eius Hugone"[233]m JEAN de Lucie, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         SILVESTER de Chaources (-after 30 Nov 1077).  “...Silvester de Chaorcias...” witnessed the charter dated 30 Nov 1077 under which "Rotbertus Burgundio" donated pasturage rights in the forest of Brionne to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "fratris sui Hanrici atque uxoris suæ, illius quæ Blancha vocata est, filiorumque suorum"[234]

 

 

1.         HUGUES [IV] de Chaources .  Hugues [IV] may have been the same person as Hugues [III] who is shown above.  A charter dated to [1080/1120] records a donation by "Hugo de Cadurciis" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, naming "quodam suo milite Patricio"[235].  "Hugo de Cadurciis" consented to the donation of "ecclesiam Sancti Martini de Bellofaio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by "Teobaudus et Radulfus de Torciaco", by charter dated to end-11th century[236]

 

 

1.         HUGUES [V] de Chaources (-after [1090/96]).  The chronology suggests that Hugues [V] may have been the same person as Hugues [IV] who is named above.  “Hugo de Cadurciis, senioris Patricii pater” donated “vicum Sancti Medardi, justa castrum Baladonis” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture by charter dated to [1090/96][237]m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues [V] & his wife had one child: 

a)         PATRICE [II] de Chaources (-after [1095]).  A charter dated to [1081/90] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis” killed “Gaufredum puerum filium Gaufredi de Brullone” and as part of the resulting agreement donated “ecclesiam de Beneyo” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture “cum uxore sua Mathilde[238].  "Patricius de Cadurcis" donated property to the abbey of La Couture by charter dated to [1085/97], in the presence of "…Hugone de Lavalle…"[239].  “Patricus”, wishing to go overseas [“volens mare transire”, the editor of the edition suggesting that this related to his leaving on the First Crusade] ratified previous donations to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “Hugo...filius eius”, by charter dated to [1095][240]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [1081/90] records that “Patricius de Cadurcis” killed “Gaufredum puerum filium Gaufredi de Brullone” and as part of the resulting agreement donated “ecclesiam de Beneyo” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture “cum uxore sua Mathilde[241].  Patrice [II] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          HUGUES [VI] de Chaources .  “Patricus”, wishing to go overseas [“volens mare transire”, the editor of the edition suggesting that this related to his leaving on the First Crusade] ratified previous donations to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “Hugo...filius eius”, by charter dated to [1095][242].  “Hugo filius Patrici” donated “quidquid de feuo patris sui” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture by charter dated to [1095][243]

ii)         [PATRICE [III] de Chaources (-after 1133).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Patricius de Cadurcis filius Patricii" donated the mill at “Horcote in villa de Kynermaresforde" with the consent of "rege Henrico seniore…tempore Willelmi abbatis" [abbot from 1113 to 1131] and that "Patricius de Cadurcis" donated "tria molendina in Kynemerefforde" confirmed by "rex Willielmus junior…tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][244].  It is uncertain whether "Patricius de Cadurcis" who made the earlier donation (undoubtedly Patrice [III]) was the same person as "Patricius de Cadurcis filius Patricii" who made the later donation.  The latter could also have been the person who is called Patrick [II] in the corresponding UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY document.  If Patrice [III] was the son of another Patrice, the chronology suggests that his father was Patrice [II], although this affiliation cannot be confirmed beyond all doubt.] 

-         UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY - CHAOURCES/CHAWORTH

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Chaources (-after 1139).  "…Goffridus de Chaorciis…" witnessed the charter dated 1139 under which "Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius eius" donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme[245]

 

2.         HAMELIN de Chaources (-after [1170]).  A charter dated to [1170] records an agreement between the abbot and monks of Saint-Pierre de la Couture and “Hamelinum de Cadulcis” concerning "ecclesia de Hardengea"[246]

 

 

1.         GERARD de Chaources (-after [1173]).  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[247]m PETRONILLE, daughter of ---.  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[248].  Gérard & his wife had nine children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Chaources (-before [1173]).  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[249]

b)         GEOFFROY de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[250].  "Goffredum de Chaorciis" renounced certain rights over "terries de Cellis" in favour of the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars, with the consent of "Dominus Berlaius", by charter dated 1184, signed by "G. de Chaorciis, Amer sui fratris"[251]

c)         AIMERY de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[252].  "Goffredum de Chaorciis" renounced certain rights over "terries de Cellis" in favour of the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars, with the consent of "Dominus Berlaius", by charter dated 1184, signed by "G. de Chaorciis, Amer sui fratris"[253]

d)         GERARD de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[254]

e)         AVIS de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[255]

f)          JEANNE de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[256]

g)         AGNES de Chaources .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[257]

h)         --- .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[258]

i)          --- .  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[259]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-du-LOIR

 

 

1.         ---.  m RORANS, daughter of ---.  Gervais Archbishop of Reims wrote concerning the relics of Saint Mélaine to Even Abbé de Saint-Mélaine, dated [1055/67], naming "Rorans avia mea" and recording that she was granted the domaine of Argentré "in Cenomanensi pago" by way of dower, specifying that it was transmitted to "nepoti suo, quem de filio suscepit, Haimoni patri meo"[260].  One child: 

a)         son .  The name of Rorans's son is not known.  m ---.  One child: 

i)          HAMON [Hamelin] de Château-du-Loir (-15 Jan [1030]).  Gervais Archbishop of Reims wrote concerning the relics of Saint Mélaine to Even Abbé de Saint-Mélaine, dated [1055/67], naming "Rorans avia mea" and recording that she was granted the domaine of Argentré "in Cenomanensi pago" by way of dower, specifying that it was transmitted to "nepoti suo, quem de filio suscepit, Haimoni patri meo"[261]

-         see below

 

 

HAMON [Hamelin] de Château-du-Loir, son of --- (-15 Jan [1030]).  Gervais Archbishop of Reims wrote concerning the relics of Saint Mélaine to Even Abbé de Saint-Mélaine, dated [1055/67], naming "Rorans avia mea" and recording that she was granted the domaine of Argentré "in Cenomanensi pago" by way of dower, specifying that it was transmitted to "nepoti suo, quem de filio suscepit, Haimoni patri meo"[262].  "Hugo Cenomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel by charter dated 1014, witnessed by "Roscelini vicecomitis, Hameli de Leido Castello, Haymonis de Medano, Herberti fratris comitis, Droci filii Milonis, Odilarii Drudi"[263].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "XVIII Kal Feb" of "Haimo de Castro Lit"[264]

m (1006 or before) HILDEBURGE de Bellême, daughter of IVES Seigneur de Bellême & his [first/second wife ---/Godehildis ---] (-27 Oct ----).  Avesgaud Bishop of Le Mans gave the church of Parigné-l'Evèque and Loué to "unam Hildeburgi sorori suæ primogenitæ et alteram Godehilde germanæ suæ secundæ" by charter dated [1000][265].  [Her son] Bishop Gervais names "avunculi mei Avesgaudi…genitoris cum genetrice mea Haimonis et Hildeburga" in his testament dated [1040/47], which also specifies that "avunculi mei domini Avesgaudi episcopi" died "apud Verdunis VI Kal Nov" on returning from Jerusalem, that "sororis eius, matris mee Hyldeburge" died the same day that "patris mei Haimonis" died "XVIII Kal Feb", and that he was ordained "XIV Kal Jan"[266]

Hamon & his wife had five children: 

1.         GERVAIS de Château-du-Loir (Château-du-Loir 2 Feb 1007-Reims 4 Jul 1067).  The Cartulaire of Château-du-Loir records the birth "Non Feb 1007" of "Gervasius apud Castrum Lidi"[267].  The Annales Sancti Dionyisii Remenses record the birth "IV Non Feb apud castrum Lidi" of "Gervasius"[268].  Brother of Robert according to Orderic Vitalis250.  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de Château-du-LoirBishop of Le Mans 19 Dec 1036.  Archbishop of Reims 15 Oct 1055.  The Annales Sancti Dionyisii Remenses record the death in 1066 of "Gervasius archiepiscopus"[269].  The Annales Mosomagenses record the death in 1067 of “Gervasius archiepiscopus et Balduinus comes[270].  The death of Archbishop Gervasius "III Kal Jul" is recorded in the cartulary of Château-du-Loir[271].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "IV Non Jul" of "Cenomannensium ecclesie antistes Gervasius, necnon etiam Remensium ecclesie post archiepiscopus"[272].  The necrology of Reims records the death “V Non Jul” of “dominus Gervasius archiepiscopus” and his donation[273]

2.         ROBERT "Brochard" de Château-du-Loir (-30 Jun [1065/67]).  "Suavis miles" gave land to "senioris mei Gervasii" for the foundation of the priory of Saint-Jean-de-la-Motte by charter dated [1028/36], subscribed by "Gervasio fratribusque ipsius: Avisgaudo, Guillelmo, Roberto"[274]

-        see below

3.         AVESGAUD de Château-du-Loir"Suavis miles" gave land to "senioris mei Gervasii" for the foundation of the priory of Saint-Jean-de-la-Motte by charter dated [1028/36], subscribed by "Gervasio fratribusque ipsius: Avisgaudo, Guillelmo, Roberto"[275]

4.         GUILLAUME de Château-du-Loir"Suavis miles" gave land to "senioris mei Gervasii" for the foundation of the priory of Saint-Jean-de-la-Motte by charter dated [1028/36], subscribed by "Gervasio fratribusque ipsius: Avisgaudo, Guillelmo, Roberto"[276].  Gervais Bishop of Le Mans donated the course of the stream of Villedieu to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 25 Jun 1039, signed by "Gervasii presulis" and subscribed by "Guillelmi fratris eius, Raherii de Boloria"[277]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [HUGUES de Château-du-Loir"Herbertus…cum Gervasii episcopi, Hugo nomine" donated the church of Saint-Pierre des Ormes to the abbey of Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated [1056/60][278].  None of the recorded charters in which the sons of Robert, brother of Archbishop Gervais, are named record a son named Hugues.  In addition, no record has been found that the archbishop's sister Rotrude had a son named Hugues.  The archbishop's brother Guillaume appears to have survived later than the brother Avesgaud.  It is therefore probable that Hugues was the son of Guillaume, although there is no proof that this is the case.  The cartulary of Château-du-Loir refers to, but does not reproduce, an agreement between "Hugues le Long Seigneur de Château-du-Loir neveu de Gervais et son héritier" and the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme under which Hugues settled his dispute with the abbey concerning the ponds of Villedieu[279].  Although the original has not been checked, there must be some doubt about the accuracy of the document as there is no other record of "Hugues" being the successor of Gervais.  "Fulco de Matefelon" recognised rights of the monks of Saint-Serge d'Angers by charter dated [1090], witnessed by "Hugo de Castello Lidi"[280]m (1072 or before) ALEXANDRIE de Bouloire, daughter of --- de Bouloire & his wife ---.  The document naming "Hugues le Long Seigneur de Château-du-Loir neveu de Gervais et son héritier" specifies that he acted with his wife "Alexandrie fille d'un seigneur de Bouloire"[281]

5.         ROTRUDE de Château-du-Loir (-after [1050]).  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[282].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated to [1100] under which the monks of Angers Saint-Aubin recall the history of "ecclesiam de Comburniaco", seized by "Fulcho comes" [Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou] and given to "Hamelino de Castro Ledi", who granted it to "Widdoni de Valle cum filia sua in maritagio"[283].  If this report is correct, Rotrude must have married before [1030], the estimated date of death of her father.  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[284].  These charters confirm Rotrude´s first marriage, from which "Gualterius filius eius" was presumably born.  m firstly ---.  The name of Rotrude´s first husband is not known.  m secondly ([before 1030]) as his second wife, GUY [I] Sire de Laval, son of --- (-after 1064).  Rotrude & her first husband had one child: 

a)         GAUTHIER .  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[285]

 

 

ROBERT "Brochard", son of HAMON Seigneur d'Argentré & his wife Hildeburge de Bellême (-30 Jun, before [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068]).  He was granted the honour of Château-du-Loir by Geoffroy "le Barbu"[286].  The canons of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour relinquished vines to Abelin by charter dated [1051/62] naming "Herberto, Cinomannorum comite, cum fidelibus suis, Rotberto filio Hamelini"[287].  The absence of Robert from the list of those consenting to the donation of his son Gervais dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068] (see below) implies that he had predeceased the donation.  On the other hand, his son Gervais is named "Gervasium filium Roberti" in a charter dated 8 Mar 1071[288], which suggests that his father might then still have been alive.  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "II Kal Jul" of "Robertus filius Haimonis de Castrolidi"[289]

m ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-[1095]).  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[290]

Robert & his wife had four children: 

1.         GERVAIS [II] de Château-du-Loir ([1035/45][291]-[1095/97]).  Son of "Rodberti cognomento Brochardi" according to Orderic Vitalis[292].  "Gervais de Chasteau-du-Loir" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans for the health of his father Robert, Aymar his grandfather and archbishop Gervais his uncle by charter dated to [1055/65][293].  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[294].  He succeeded his uncle as Seigneur de Château-du-Loir.  "Domnus Gervasius" granted customs to “apud Sarciacum” to Château-du-Loir, at the request of “uxoris sue Garsendis”, by charter dated to [1095/97], subscribed by “Gervasius, Garsendis...[295]m firstly (before [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068]) EREMBURGE, daughter of --- & his wife Mathilde (-4 Jun [1085/95]).  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[296].  "Gervasius de Castello Lit et Eremburgis uxor ipsius" made a donation to Saint-Vincent by charter dated 2 Jun [1085/95] which declares that "Mathildis mater ipsius Eremburgis" was present and specifies that Eremburgis was on her death bed[297].  "Gener suus...Cenomanice civitatis Helyas" confirmed a donation made to Saint-Guingalois “in castro...Ledi fondato” by “supradicti castri dominum Gervasium” to Château-du-Loir on the death of “uxor sua Eremburgis” by charter dated to [1097], subscribed by “...Garsendis uxor eiusdem Gervasii...[298]m secondly GARSENDE, daughter of --- (-after [1097]).  "Domnus Gervasius" granted customs to “apud Sarciacum” to Château-du-Loir, at the request of “uxoris sue Garsendis”, by charter dated to [1095/97], subscribed by “Gervasius, Garsendis...[299].  "Gener suus...Cenomanice civitatis Helyas" confirmed a donation made to Saint-Guingalois “in castro...Ledi fondato” by “supradicti castri dominum Gervasium” to Château-du-Loir on the death of “uxor sua Eremburgis” by charter dated to [1097], subscribed by “...Garsendis uxor eiusdem Gervasii...[300].  Gervais [II] & his first wife had one child:

a)         MATHILDE de Château-du-Loir (-[10/25] Mar 1099)Orderic Vitalis names "Mathildem filiam Gervasii…qui Rodeberti Brochardi filius fuit" as wife of Helias[301].  The same source records that her dowry consisted of the castles of Château-du-Loir, Mayet, Lucé-le-Grand and Outillé[302][303]"Comes Helyas qui totius patrie dominus est" donated property “quia de patrimonio uxoris sue Mahildis fuit, etenim Elisabeth, matris Gervasii, patris Mahildis, conjugis sue” to Château-du-Loir by charter dated to [1095][304].  "Helias comes Cenomanensis" donated his chapel at the foot of la Tour de Château-du-Loir to Saint-Guingalois for the soul of "uxoris suæ Mathildis, ante paucos dies defunctæ" by charter dated 27 Mar 1099[305]m ([1090]) as his first wife, HELIE de la Flèche, son of JEAN de la Flèche & his wife Paula du Maine (-11 Jul 1110).  He succeeded in 1093 as Comte du Maine

2.         ADAM de Château-du-Loir (-after [1090/96]).  The monks of Saint-Aubin relate the claim by "Adam filius Rotberti de Castro Ledi, nepos Gervasii archiepiscopi" against the church of Bousse by charter dated [1060/67] also naming "Rotbertus frater Adam"[306].  "Gervasii de Castello Lid et Adam fratris eius" witnessed a charter dated [1090/96] between Guillaume de Braitel and the monks of Saint-Vincent[307].  "De baronibus Andegavensibus: Rainaldus de Castro Gunterii, Gosfridus Rorgonis, Paganus de Mirebello, Adam de Castello Ledi, Robertus Vestrollus, Fulco de Matefelon" are named as present in the charter dated 1095 which records a judgment by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d´Anjou which confirms the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers in its possession "du domaine de Pitrate, près Angers"[308]m ---.  The name of Adam's wife is not known.  Adam & his wife had one child: 

a)         HAMELIN de Château-du-Loir (-27 Nov ----).  "Adam de Castro Leli" donated part of the church of Parné to the church of Saint-Nicholas d'Angers with the consent of "filius eius Hamelinus" by charter dated [1080/94][309].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "V Kal Dec" of "Hamelinus nepos Gervasii de Castrolidi"[310]same person as…?  HAMELIN .  Although there is no proof that this is the correct affiliation, his naming his son Adam suggests co-identity with Hamelin de Château-du-Loir, especially as other members of this family are commemorated in the same source.  m [as her second husband,] GERSENDE, [widow of --- Comte,] daughter of [--- Comte de ---] & his wife ---.  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "Kal Mai" of "Adam filius Hamelini et Gersendis comitissa"[311].  This suggests that Gersende may have been born in a comital family, or was the widow of a count, although the family in question has not yet been identified.  Comtesse.  Hamelin & his wife had one child: 

i)          ADAM de Château-du-Loir (-1 May ----).  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "Kal Mai" of "Adam filius Hamelini et Gersendis comitissa"[312]

3.         GERVAIS de Château-du-Loir (-after 1090).  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[313].  Canon at Saint-Martin d'Angers [1085].  "Quemdam nobilem juvenem, Gervasium nomine, nepotem illius…Gervasii ejusdem ecclesie quondam episcopi" was installed as deacon of the church of Le Mans dated [1083/90][314].  The reference to "juvenem" suggests a birth date much later than the [1035/45] estimated birth date of the elder Gervais son of Robert.  "Guiscelin" abandoned his claim to Chémon by charter dated [1085] which names "Gervasius de Castro Ledi et Gervasius frater eius, canonicus Sancti Martini, Adam frater eorum, Helisabeth mater eorum"[315]

4.         ROBERT de Château-du-Loir (-after [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068]).  The monks of Saint-Aubin relate the claim by "Adam filius Rotberti de Castro Ledi, nepos Gervasii archiepiscopi" against the church of Bousse by charter dated [1060/67] also naming "Rotbertus frater Adam"[316].  "Gervasius homo milicie seculari" donated the church of Saint-Guingalois "in pago Cenomannensi in Castello Ledi" to Marmoutier by charter dated [Sep 1067/23 Sep 1068], naming "pater meus Rotbertus et mater meus Elisabeth et uxor mea Aremburgis necnon et avus meus Amelinus et avia mea Hildeburgis et Gervasius Remorum archiepiscopus" with the consent of "matris mee omniumque fratrum meorum" and listing the monetary contributions of "matreque meu et fratres mei…mater mea Elisabet…Adam…Rotbertus…Gervasius clericus…"[317]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    SEIGNEURS de CONNERRE

 

 

The edition of the cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans which has been consulted states that the castle of Connerré was located in the place now named l´Ile de la Motte, adjaced to the river Conanson, and in another passage that it was the fief of Rotrou de Montfort, son of Rotrou de Châteaudun Comte de Mortagne et de Perche (see the document NORMANDY NOBILITY)[318]

 

 

1.         FULCOm ---.  The name of Fulco´s wife is not known.  Fulco & his wife had one child: 

a)         AVESGAUD de Connerré (-after 1 May 1103).  "Avesgaudus filius Fulcaudi" donated "ecclesia Sancti Simphoriani et Sancte Marie de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated 1 May 1103, which names "uxor mea Brita…et Robertus de Sancto Celerino gener meus…filia…mea Felicia ipsius Roberti uxor"[319]m BRITA, daughter of --- (-after [1110]).  "Avesgaudus filius Fulcaudi" donated "ecclesia Sancti Simphoriani et Sancte Marie de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated 1 May 1103, which names "uxor mea Brita…et Robertus de Sancto Celerino gener meus…filia…mea Felicia ipsius Roberti uxor"[320].  A charter dated to [1110] confirms the donation by "Robertus, Giroi filius" of revenue at "Conedrarium", donated by "Avesgaudus socer eius" when he became a monk, to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Britta uxor…dicti Avesgaudi et Felicia filia eorum, uxor prefati Roberti"[321].  A charter dated to [1110] records the donation by "Avesgaudum de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "domnum Rotrochum cum uxore sua…Lucia et quatuor filiis suis", signed by "Rotroco, Lucia uxore eius, Hugone filio eius majore, Rotrocho secundo, Fulcoio tertio, Gilduino quarto, Hugone de Montibus…"[322].  Avesgaud & his wife had one child: 

i)          FELICIE de Connerré (-after [1110]).  "Avesgaudus filius Fulcaudi" donated "ecclesia Sancti Simphoriani et Sancte Marie de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated 1 May 1103, which names "uxor mea Brita…et Robertus de Sancto Celerino gener meus…filia…mea Felicia ipsius Roberti uxor"[323].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Geroianus" married "Feliciam…Guarnerii de Coneraia filiam" as his second wife and had three sons "Guillelmum…et Rodbertum ac Matthæum" and three daughters "Agatham, Damatam et Avelinam"[324].  A charter dated to [1110] confirms the donation by "Robertus, Giroi filius" of revenue at "Conedrarium", donated by "Avesgaudus socer eius" when he became a monk, to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Britta uxor…dicti Avesgaudi et Felicia filia eorum, uxor prefati Roberti"[325]m (after 1092) as his second wife, ROBERT, son of ROBERT [Giroie] & his wife Adelaide --- (-after Jun 1119). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    SEIGNEURS de la GUERCHE

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         JEAN de la Guerche (-before [1080]).  A charter dated to [1050] records that "Johanne de Guirchia" had bought "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo", witnessed by "…Hamelini de Guerchia…"[326].  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "Johannes de Guirchia, Gunherius frater eius, Savaricus filius vicecomitis Radulfi…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[327]m firstly GUIBURGIS, daughter of ---.  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80][328]m secondly EMMA, daughter of ---.  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80][329]Mistress (1): --- "Normanna", daughter of ---.  She is referred to in the source quoted below as the mother of Jean´s son Roger.  It is assumed that "Normanna" is a reference to her origin not her name.  Jean & his [first] wife had six children: 

a)         HERBERT de la Guerche .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[330].  "Herbertus de Wirchia" confirmed the donation of "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "patris sui", and made a further donation of money and of "ecclesiam de Maceriis" previously donated by "Robertus de Sordonico" for the soul of "Herberti Extensi", by charter dated to [1080][331].  "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…Wiscelini de Vallibus"[332].  A charter dated to [1093] records a dispute between "Herbertus [de Wirchia]" and the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, relating to a donation by "predictus Herbertus" for the soul of "Guherio avunculo suo", the dating clause referring to the year in which "Longobardus…Helie comiti" sold "Cenomannicum comitatum"[333].  A charter dated to [1118/26] records that “Herbertum de Wircha generum Goffirdi de Asceio” confirmed the donation of the church of Saint-Médard de Vernie to Angers Saint-Nicolas by “Goffridus de Asceio et uxor sua filia Willelmi de Verneia”, with the consent of “Juliana uxor Herberti filia Goffridi de Asceio[334]m ([1100]) JULIENNE d´Assé, daughter of GEOFFROY d´Assé & his wife --- de Vernay.  A charter dated to [1100] records the arrangements for the marriage of “Gaufridum de Asceio...Juliana filia sua” and “Herbertum de Wircha[335].  A charter dated to [1118/26] records that “Herbertum de Wircha generum Goffirdi de Asceio” confirmed the donation of the church of Saint-Médard de Vernie to Angers Saint-Nicolas by “Goffridus de Asceio et uxor sua filia Willelmi de Verneia”, with the consent of “Juliana uxor Herberti filia Goffridi de Asceio[336]

b)         HUGUES (-[before 1080]).  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[337].  The absence of Hugues from the charter of his uncle Gonthier, dated to [1080/93], suggests that he had predeceased his father. 

c)         GUY .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[338].  "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…Wiscelini de Vallibus"[339]

d)         AGNES .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[340]m SALOMON de Fréteval, son of ---. 

e)         FREMBURGIS .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[341]

f)          GUIBURGIS .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[342]

Jean had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

g)         ROGER .  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "…Herbertus filius Johannis de Guerchia et fratres eius, Hugo, Wido, Rogerius natus de Normanna, Agnes uxor Salomonis de Fracta Valle, Fremburgis et Guiburgis sorores eorum…"[343]

2.         GONTHIER (-before [1090]).  "Johannes de Guirchia…cum uxore sua Emma" donated "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "fratribus suis et filiis omnibus filiabusque", for the souls of "…uxoris sue Guiburgis defunctæ…", by charter dated to [1067/80], signed by "Johannes de Guirchia, Gunherius frater eius…"[344].  Seigneur de Souligné-sous-Ballon: "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…Wiscelini de Vallibus"[345].  A charter dated to [1093] records a dispute between "Herbertus [de Wirchia]" and the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, relating to a donation by "predictus Herbertus" for the soul of "Guherio avunculo suo"[346]m DOMELA, daughter of ---.  "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…"[347]

 

 

1.         GOSFRED de la Guerche (-after 1 Jul 1077).  "Gosfredus de Wirchia…uxorisque meæ Aluevæ" founded Monks Kirby priory and donated it to Angers Saint-Nicolas by charter dated 1 Jul 1077 “Ivo filius Hugonis de Grentismaisnilo…Robertus Burdet…[348]m ALVEVA, daughter of --- (-after 1 Jul 1077).  "Gosfredus de Wirchia…uxorisque meæ Aluevæ" founded Monks Kirby priory and donated it to Angers Saint-Nicolas by charter dated 1 Jul 1077 “Ivo filius Hugonis de Grentismaisnilo…Robertus Burdet…[349]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         LANDRY de Guerchem ---, sister of ROBERT [Rufus], daughter of --- (-after [1078/83]).  "Miles Ebrardus Rufus…et Hamelino fratre eius" donated revenue from "terra…Osinium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Robertus…frater…Ebrardi et soror sua, uxor Landrici de Wirchia, Hugo filius eius" by charter dated to [1078/83], witnessed by "…Aldrandus de Wirchia…"[350].  Landry & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGUES .  "Miles Ebrardus Rufus…et Hamelino fratre eius" donated revenue from "terra…Osinium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Robertus…frater…Ebrardi et soror sua, uxor Landrici de Wirchia, Hugo filius eius" by charter dated to [1078/83][351]

2.         ALERAN de Guerche .  "Miles Ebrardus Rufus…et Hamelino fratre eius" donated revenue from "terra…Osinium" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Robertus…frater…Ebrardi et soror sua, uxor Landrici de Wirchia, Hugo filius eius" by charter dated to [1078/83], witnessed by "…Aldrandus de Wirchia…"[352]

 

 

Four siblings, parents not known: 

1.         NIVELON de la Guerche (-after Jan 1210).  "Nevelo de Guerchia miles" sold revenue in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "sororibus meis Heloyse et Juliana", by charter dated Jan 1210[353]

2.         HELOISE (-after Mar 1241).  "Nevelo de Guerchia miles" sold revenue in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "sororibus meis Heloyse et Juliana", by charter dated Jan 1210[354].  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "...sororibus suis Juliana et Heloysi, Gaufrido de Arrois milite marito dicte Heloysis, Radulpho et Willelmo supradicte Juliane filiis, Johanne de Tochis et Heloysi uxore sua, Petro de Riparia milite et Matilidi uxore sua", by charter dated Mar 1241[355]m GEOFFROY de Arrois, son of --- (-after Mar 1241). 

3.         JULIANE (-after Mar 1241).  "Nevelo de Guerchia miles" sold revenue in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "sororibus meis Heloyse et Juliana", by charter dated Jan 1210[356].  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "...sororibus suis Juliana et Heloysi, Gaufrido de Arrois milite marito dicte Heloysis, Radulpho et Willelmo supradicte Juliane filiis, Johanne de Tochis et Heloysi uxore sua, Petro de Riparia milite et Matilidi uxore sua", by charter dated Mar 1241[357]m ---. 

4.         HERBERT de la Guerche [de Fresnaye] (-[1250/May 1259]).  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania, sororibus suis Juliana et Heloysi, Gaufrido de Arrois milite marito dicte Heloysis, Radulpho et Willelmo supradicte Juliane filiis, Johanne de Tochis et Heloysi uxore sua, Petro de Riparia milite et Matilidi uxore sua", by charter dated Mar 1241[358].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[359].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[360].  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles" sold revenue to Châteaudun La Madeleine by charter dated 1250[361]m MATHILDE, daughter of --- (-after Mar 1247).  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[362].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[363].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[364].  Herbert & his wife had seven children: 

a)         NIVELON .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[365].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[366].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[367]

b)         HERBERT .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[368].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[369].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[370]

c)         JEAN .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[371]

d)         PIERRE .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[372].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[373].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[374]

e)         HELOISE (-after May 1259).  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[375].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[376].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[377].  "Heloisis quondam filia defuncti Haberti de Fresneio quondam militis, relicta defuncti Radulphi Desridereit dicti Monachi" sold revenue from property held from “Nevelone de Fresneio fratre suo” to Châteaudun La Madeleine, with the consent of “Guillotus filius eiusdem Heloisis”, by charter dated May 1259[378]m RAOUL Desrée, son of --- (-before May 1259). 

f)          EREMBURGE .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[379].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[380].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[381]

g)         TIPHAINE .  "Herbertus de Guerchia miles frater Nevelonis de Guerchia militis" confirmed the sale of revenue  in Châteaudun to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxore sua et filiis et filiabus suis Nevelone, Herberto, Johanne, Petro, Heloysi, Eremburgi et Theophania...", by charter dated Mar 1241[382].  "Herbertus de Fresnaio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Mathildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Eremburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Feb 1244[383].  "Herbertus de Fresneio miles" donated revenue to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of “Matildi uxore mea, filiis et filiabus meis Nevelone, Herberto, Petro, Heloysa, Erenburgi et Theophania”, by charter dated Mar 1247[384]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    SIRES de LAVAL

 

 

 

A.      SIRES de LAVAL

 

 

The genealogy of the first dynasty of sires de Laval has been the subject of much confusion over the years.  The main problem in reconstructing the family is that six out of the seven sires de Laval were named Guy, five of whom succeeded in a direct line from father to son.  This makes it harder to identify the specific person to whom undated primary sources apply.  Some early secondary sources misinterpreted the sources and incorrectly concluded that there were seven sires de Laval named Guy, instead of six.  This introduced a hypothetical additional generation into the genealogy which caused a great deal of confusion.  Broussillon appears to have been the first author to find his way accurately through the maze[385].  His structure provides the basis for the reconstruction set out below, with some minor modifications and additions.  The primary sources which Broussillon collected do provide sufficiently accurate information to assert that this reconstruction is definitive and that there were only six sires de Laval named Guy.  However, even Broussillon was confused about the numbering of the sires de Laval.  The difficulty is that Guy [IV] described himself as "Guido quintus" in a charter dated to [1150] under which he donated profits from a fair to the Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem[386].  At first sight this suggests that there must have been four earlier sires de Laval named Guy.  The solution to the difficulty is found in one of the charters of his son Guy [V] who is called "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" in his donation to Olivet priory dated to [1205][387].  The appropriate translation of this phrase is (adding punctuation) "Guy, sixth lord of Laval" not "Guy the sixth, lord of Laval".  The former is an accurate description of him when we remember that Hamon Sire de Laval, son of Guy [I], was the second sire de Laval.  It is suggested that the Laval family in England descended from Hugues, son of Hamon Sire de Laval. 

 

The castle of Laval was situated on the banks of the river Mayenne and was constructed by Guy [I] Sire de Laval, as shown by two charters which describe him as "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor"[388], who was a vassal of the comtes du Maine.  No indication has been found about his parentage or origin.  Broussillon suggests that he must have taken possession of Laval in [1020][389]

 

The first dynasty of sires de Laval became extinct in the male line on the death in 1211 of Guy [VI].  The castle passed to his sister Emma and to her children by her second husband Mathieu [II] Sire de Montmorency (who was constable of France).  The Montmorency-Laval line is not included in this document.  The primary sources which provide the basis for the reconstruction of their descent can be found in the later pages of volume 1 of Broussillon´s work and in volume 2[390]

 

 

1.         GUY [I] de Laval ([980/90]-before 26 Feb 1062)Sire de Laval"Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[391].  The date of this charter is open to doubt, particularly because two of the known children of Guy´s grandson Guy [II] must have been born in the last decade of the 11th century.  In addition, Guy [I] himself would have been unusually old when he died if he already had grandchildren in 1039.  "…Guidonis de Valle filiorumque suorum Johannis et Hamonis" consented to a donation by "Fulcodius" to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1040][392].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][393].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[394].  The date of his death is set by the charter dated 26 Feb 1062, witnessed by "…Haimo de Lavalle…", which records an agreement of confraternity between Saint-Maurice d´Angers and La Trinité de Vendôme[395].  Guillaume II Duke of Normandy settled a claim in favour of the monks of Marmoutier relating to property donated by "Guido de Valle" by charter dated 1064, which names "Iohannem monachum filium suum" and is witnessed by "…Hamo de Valle filius Guidonis…"[396].  This document does not state that Guy was alive at that date.  m firstly ([1010/15]) BERTHE de Tosny, daughter of [RAOUL [II] de Tosny & his wife ---].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated [Sep/14 Oct] 1055 under which the monks of Marmoutier record the donations by "quemdam militem…Johannem pagi Cenomannensis indigenum, Widonis de Valle filium" of property "in Normannia, territorio Vilcassino…ecclesiam in villa…Guarniacus…juxta fluvium Eptæ" which "Wido pater eorum" accepted from "uxore sua Berta, Johannis et Haimonis matre"[397].  Her connection with the Tosny family is confirmed by the charter dated 1063 which records the consent given by "Rotbertum de Toeniaco, avunculum domni Johanni monachi nostri, filii Widonis de Valle" to the donations by the latter to Marmoutier, authorised by "Berengerius filius eius"[398].  The remaining question is the identity of her father.  The date of her marriage is estimated from the charter dated 11 Nov 1039 in which her two grandsons are named (see above)[399].  If this document is correctly dated (and this is open to doubt as discussed further above), Berthe could not have been the daughter of Roger [I] de Conches.  There are two other possibilities.  Either she was the daughter of Raoul [II] de Tosny or she was related to Robert de Tosny, who was Lord of Belvoir in 1086 and whose precise relationship with the main Tosny family has not been ascertained.  m secondly (before [1030]) as her second husband, ROTRUDE de Château-du-Loir, widow of ---, daughter of HAMON Seigneur d'Argentré & his wife Hildeburge de Bellême (-after [1050]).  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[400].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated to [1100] under which the monks of Angers Saint-Aubin recall the history of "ecclesiam de Comburniaco", seized by "Fulcho comes" [Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou] and given to "Hamelino de Castro Ledi", who granted it to "Widdoni de Valle cum filia sua in maritagio"[401].  If this report is correct, Rotrude must have married before [1030], the estimated date of death of her father.  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[402].  These charters confirm Rotrude´s first marriage, from which "Gualterius filius eius" was presumably born.  Guy [I] & his first wife had five children: 

a)         JEAN de Laval (before [1025/26]-).  "…Guidonis de Valle filiorumque suorum Johannis et Hamonis" consented to a donation by "Fulcodius" to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1040][403].  Monk at Marmoutier.  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][404].  The monks of Marmoutier record the donations by "quemdam militem…Johannem pagi Cenomannensis indigenum, Widonis de Valle filium" of property "in Normannia, territorio Vilcassino…ecclesiam in villa…Guarniacus…juxta fluvium Eptæ" which "Wido pater eorum" accepted from "uxore sua Berta, Johannis et Haimonis matre", by charter dated [Sep/14 Oct] 1055, which also records that Jean became a monk at Marmoutier when aged 29[405].  [1070]. 

b)         HAMON de Laval (-[1076/85], bur Marmoutier).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[406].  "…Guidonis de Valle filiorumque suorum Johannis et Hamonis" consented to a donation by "Fulcodius" to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1040][407]Sire de Laval.  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][408].  "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, at the request of "suarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline", with the consent of "uxore…sua Hersende", by undated charter[409].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[410].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[411].  "…Haimo de Lavalle…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Feb 1062 which records an agreement of confraternity between Saint-Maurice d´Angers and La Trinité de Vendôme[412].  "…Hamo de Valle filius Guidonis…" witnessed the charter dated 1064 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy settled a claim in favour of the monks of Marmoutier relating to property donated by "Guido de Valle"[413].  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][414]m (before [1035]) HERSENDE, daughter of --- (-before Mar 1095).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[415].  "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, at the request of "suarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline", with the consent of "uxore…sua Hersende", by undated charter[416].  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][417].  "Guy II et sa mère Hersende" assented to the donation of property to Ronceray by "Foulques du Bignon", by charter dated to [1085][418].  His place of burial is confirmed by the charter dated 1090 which records that "Guido junior" succeeded "in paternum…honorem" on the death of "Haimonis senioris de Valle Guidonis" and that when, after some time, "supradicti domni Guidonis conjugem" died, he granted further rights to Marmoutier when she was buried "juxta patrem suum Haimonem"[419].  Hamon & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUY [II] de Laval (before [1037/38]-after 1105, bur Marmoutier).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[420].  He succeeded his father as Sire de Laval

-         see below

ii)         HUGUES [I] de Laval (before 11 Nov 1039-after [1093]).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[421].  The date of this charter is open to doubt.  The brothers Guy [II] and Hugues are recorded well into the 12th century and two of the known children of Guy [II] must have been born in the last decade of the 11th century.  If the date of the charter is correct, both Guy [II] and Hugues would have been unusually old when they died.  An undated charter records that "Guido de Lavalle" succeeded to "honore patris sui Hamonis post mortem eius" and confirmed his father´s donations to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the consent of "uxor…Dionisia…Hugone fratre predicti Guidonis…"[422].  A charter dated to [1080/90] records that "Guidone de Valle" sold "boscum…Monduluet" to "domnus Rivallonus monachus" at Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hugo frater eius…et Dionisia uxor eius"[423].  "Patricius de Cadurcis" donated property to the abbey of La Couture by charter dated to [1085/97], in the presence of "…Hugone de Lavalle…"[424].  A charter dated to [1093/1110] records that "Guido filius Hamonis…et eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius…Guido" donated property to Marmoutier when "fratrem suum Hugonem" appeared to be dying, and a later donation by "Guido filius eius et Secilia uxor illius et Hugo frater illius"[425]

c)         HILDESINDE de Laval .  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][426].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[427].  "Guido senex" donated property to "sue filie Odeline viduate", later confirmed by "Hamo frater eius"[428].  The nuns of Ronceray recorded that "Odeline fille de Guy I" had donated her dowry to the convent and become a nun when she was widowed, by charter dated to [1065/80][429].  "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, at the request of "suarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline", with the consent of "uxore…sua Hersende", by undated charter[430].  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][431].  "Domna Hildelina" donated property "in castello Vallis" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "domnus Haimo et uxor eius et filius eius", by undated charter in the presence of "domnus Lisiardus de Arquiniaco, Garinus de S. Bertevino"[432]m --- (-before 1062).  The name of Hildesinde´s husband is not known, but he predeceased his father-in-law as shown by the charter quoted above. 

d)         AGNES de Laval .  "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, at the request of "suarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline", with the consent of "uxore…sua Hersende", by undated charter[433].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][434].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[435].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[436].  Nun at Ronceray.  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][437]

e)         HILDEBURGIS de Laval .  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][438].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[439]

Guy [I] & his second wife had two children: 

f)          GUY de Laval (-after 11 Mar 1067).  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][440].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[441].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[442].  The naming of "Guido et Gervasius" in this last charter after their sisters suggests that they were not born from the same marriage of their father.  "…Guy de Laval…" witnessed the charter dated 11 Mar 1067 which the repossession of Saint-Florent de Saumur by its monks[443]

g)         GERVAIS de Laval .  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", at the request of "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri", with the consent of "Haimone atque Guidone filiis suis…Gervasium…tres his…sorores Hildesindem, Agnetem, Hildeburgem", by charter dated to [1050][444].  The monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri…Vallis…in pago Cenomannensi conditorem ac possessorem", with the consent of "suorumque filiorum…Haimonis…Gervasii atque Guidonis, simulque Agnetis", by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis uxor predicti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius…"[445].  The monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", with the consent of "filii eius Hamon, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "…Rotrudis supradicti Guidonis uxor, Gualterius filius eius…"[446].  The naming of "Guido et Gervasius" in this last charter after their sisters suggests that they were not born from the same marriage of their father. 

 

 

1.         HUGUES [II] de Laval (-before 1130).  The chronology suggests that there must have been two persons named Hugues de Laval in the late-11th and early 12th centuries.  Hugues de Laval (named Hugues [I] de Laval, above), son of Hamon Sire de Laval, is named in a charter dated 11 Nov 1039.  It is therefore extremely unlikely that he could have been the same person as Hugues [II] de Laval whose death is dated to before 1130.  It is possible that Hugues [II] was the son of Hugues [I].  An undated charter, dated to the early 12th century, under which the nuns of Ronceray confirmed an agreement, is witnessed by "Hugues de Laval, qui nunc dominium tenebat"[447], which suggests that Hugues acted as regent during the minority of Guy [III] Sire de Laval.  "Juhellus Goualterii filius, dominus castelli Meduanæ…matre mea Adelina et sorore Felicia" organised the transfer of the monks of Saint-Martin to Mayenne castle, for the souls of "Gaufredi…avi mei et Gualterii patris mei…Hamelini fratris mei", by undated charter witnessed by "…milites ex parte Juhelli: Hugo de Lavalle…"[448].  This charter is dated to 1144 in the compilation, although the date does not appear in the text.  It is more likely dateable to the early 1120s.  "Hugo de la Val" confirmed the donation by "Robertus de Laceio tempore regis Willilmi secundi" and added his own donation to Pontefract abbey, for the salvation of "conjugis meæ et liberorum meorum", by charter dated to [1121/29][449].  According to Dugdale´s Monasticon, Henry I King of England granted Pontefract castle to "Hugo de la Val" after Robert de Lacy was banished, and "Empress" Matilda restored the castle to Robert´s son, so dated to the early 1140s[450].  If Robert de Lacy´s death is correctly estimated to [1093/99] (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBLITY), his banishment must have occurred during the reign of King William II.  The timing of King Henry I´s granted to Hugues de Laval is therefore uncertain.  m as her first husband, DAMETA, daughter of --- (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll names "Wido de Laval" followed immediately by "Willo Maltverso" in Northumberland, and in another passage records that "Wills Maltvers" owed money to the king for "uxore Hug de Laval" and for the latter´s land[451].  The 1130 Pipe Roll names "Damete" in Oxfordshire[452].  She married secondly (1129) William Maltravers.  "Willelmus Maltravers" donated property to Pontefract abbey, with the consent of "uxore mea Dalmeta", by charter dated to [1130/36][453].  Hugues & his wife had [two or more] children: 

-        ENGLISH UNTITLED NOBILITY - LAVAL

 

 

GUY [II] de Laval, son of HAMON Sire de Laval & his wife Hersende --- (before [1037/38]-after 1105, bur Marmoutier).  "Wido" relinquished rights to the chapter of Le Mans, before leaving for Jerusalem, with the consent of "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido…et Hugo", by charter dated 11 Nov 1039[454].  The date of this charter is open to doubt.  The brothers Guy [II] and Hugues are recorded well into the 12th century and two of the known children of Guy [II] must have been born in the last decade of the 11th century.  If the date of the charter is correct, both Guy [II] and Hugues would have been unusually old when they died.  "Hamon de Laval" donated property to Ronceray, at the request of "ses sœurs Agnès et Hildelinde", for the souls of "Guy son père et de Berthe sa mère", with the approval of "Guy son fils et de Hersende son épouse", by charter dated to [1075][455].  He succeeded his father as Sire de Laval.  An undated charter records that "Guido de Lavalle" succeeded to "honore patris sui Hamonis post mortem eius" and confirmed his father´s donations to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the consent of "uxor…Dionisia…Hugone fratre predicti Guidonis…"[456].  "Guy II et sa mère Hersende" assented to the donation of property to Ronceray by "Foulques du Bignon", by charter dated to [1085][457].  A charter dated to [1080/90] records that "Guidone de Valle" sold "boscum…Monduluet" to "domnus Rivallonus monachus" at Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hugo frater eius…et Dionisia uxor eius"[458].  A charter dated 1090 records that "Guido junior" succeeded "in paternum…honorem" on the death of "Haimonis senioris de Valle Guidonis" and that when, after some time, "supradicti domni Guidonis conjugem" died, he granted further rights to Marmoutier when she was buried "juxta patrem suum Haimonem"[459].  A charter dated [10/16] Mar 1095 recalls donations to Montmajour by "Hamo dominus Latævallis" amd that "filius eius Guido, succedens patri suo in honorem" refused to ratify these donations until Pope Urban II arrived "ad concilium Turonense"[460].  Pope Urban is recorded in Tours in early Mar 1096 (N.S.) from where he addressed letters dated 4, 14, 20, 21 and 24 Mar 1096[461].  An undated charter records the lifting of the sentence of excommunication against "Guy fils de Hamon", imposed for the fire of the church of Gennes, in the presence among others of Renaud Bishop of Angers [appointed in 1102][462].  A charter dated to 1 Dec [1104/1111] records that "Guy de Laval et Hugues son frère" arbitered an agreement between the abbess of Ronceray and "Guérin de Saint-Berthvin"[463].  "Mauricius dominus castelli…Credonum" was condemned to repair the damage he caused to La Trinité de Vendôme "uxor eius domna Mathildis", by charter dated 1105, which names "Goffridus…Vindocinensis abbas…consanguineus Mauricii", and is signed by "Mauricius dominus Credonis, Robertus frater eius…Guido de Lavalle…"[464].  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[465].  Assuming that the hypothesis concerning Guy [II]´s supposed daughter, wife of Raoul [VII] Vicomte du Maine, is correct as shown below, it is probable that Guy [II] died before her marriage.  The marriage is recorded as having taken place in 1095 and the bride described as "sororem Widonis de Valle", suggesting that her father was deceased at the time.  However, the charter itself is undated and it is not clear from the text how much time may have passed between the marriage and the date the charter was written.  It is possible, therefore, that her father was alive when she married, but died soon afterwards.   

[m firstly ---.  No direct evidence has been found of this supposed first marriage of Guy [II].  However, Guy´s estimated birth date suggests that it is unlikely that Denise de Mortain, whose birth is most likely dated to [1065/70] considering the general chronology of her family, was his first wife.] 

m [secondly] ([1085]) DENISE de Mortain, daughter of ROBERT Comte de Mortain & his first wife Mathilde de Montgommery ([1065/70]-1090, bur Marmoutier).  Robert of Torigny names "unum filium Guillermum et tres filias" as the children of "Robertus comes Moritonii uterinus frater Willermi regis", specifying that one unnamed daughter (mentioned second) married "Guido de Laval"[466].  An undated charter records that "Guido de Lavalle" succeeded to "honore patris sui Hamonis post mortem eius" and confirmed his father´s donations to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the consent of "uxor…Dionisia…Hugone fratre predicti Guidonis…"[467].  A charter dated to [1080/90] records that "Guidone de Valle" sold "boscum…Monduluet" to "domnus Rivallonus monachus" at Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hugo frater eius…et Dionisia uxor eius"[468].  "Guido de Lavalle" donated the priory of Parné to the church of Saint-Nicholas d'Angers "pro salute sua et uxoris sue Dionisie" by charter dated [1080/90][469].  A charter dated 1090 records that "Guido junior" succeeded "in paternum…honorem" on the death of "Haimonis senioris de Valle Guidonis" and that when, after some time, "supradicti domni Guidonis conjugem" died, he granted further rights to Marmoutier when she was buried "juxta patrem suum Haimonem"[470]

m [thirdly] (after 1090) CECILE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [1093/1110] records that "Guido filius Hamonis…et eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius…Guido" donated property to Marmoutier when "fratrem suum Hugonem" appeared to be dying, and a later donation by "Guido filius eius et Secilia uxor illius et Hugo frater illius"[471].  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[472].  "Cécile épouse de Guy" witnessed the charter dated to [1093/1110] under which the nuns of Ronceray recorded a donation and the judgment of "Guy" which enabled them to retain possession[473]

Guy [II] & his [first/second] wife had [one child]: 

1.         [daughter .  A charter of the monks of Saint-Vincent du Mans dated 24 May 1095 records the donation by "bonæ memoriæ Huberti vicecomitis…filius…Radulfus", adding that this was the year in which he married "sororem Widonis de Valle"[474].  In that year Guy [II] is recorded as sire de Laval.  However, he would then have been too old to have had a sister of marriageable age, assuming that the 11 Nov 1039 charter in which he is named is correctly dated.  It is therefore more likely that the wife of Raoul [VII] Vicomte du Maine was the daughter not sister of Guy [II].  It is also possible that the charter in question was written later than 1095.  If that is correct, Guy [III] may by then have been sire de Laval and Raoul´s wife could have been described as "sororem Widonis de Valle" to indicate the current sire de Laval rather than the sire de Laval when she married.  If Raoul´s wife was the daughter of Guy [II], she must have been born from either his first or second marriage.  m (1095) RAOUL [VI] Vicomte du Maine, son of HUBERT Vicomte du Maine et de Beaumont & his wife Ermengarde de Nevers (-14 Jan [1120/25], bur Etival).] 

Guy [II] & his third wife had [four] children: 

2.         GUY [III] de Laval ([1092/1100]-[1130/42]).  A charter dated to [1093/1110] records that "Guido filius Hamonis…et eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius…Guido" donated property to Marmoutier when "fratrem suum Hugonem" appeared to be dying, and a later donation by "Guido filius eius et Secilia uxor illius et Hugo frater illius"[475].  He succeeded his father as Sire de Laval

-        see below

3.         GERVAIS de Laval (-after 1142).  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[476].  A charter dated 1142 confirms the foundation of the priory of Plessis-Milcent by "Guido de Lavalle" and completed after his death by "filius eius Guido", with the consent of "matre sua Ama et Gervasio avunculo suo"[477]

4.         AGNES de Laval (-[after 1140]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a letter from "Hildebertus…Turonum minister" to Pope Honorius II, dated [14 Apr] 1129, relating to canonical difficulties relating to the marriage of "Hugonis de Credone et Agnetis uxoris suæ" which names "ipsa Agnes…et…Guidonem de Lavalle fratrem suum"[478].  "Guarino de Credone, Agnete matre eius" consented to the donation by "Gualeri de Bona et Aanor uxor eius" to La Roë, by undated charter[479].  Bodard de la Jacopière identifies the signatories in this charter with Agnes de Laval, first wife of Hugues Sire de Craon, and their supposed son Guérin.  This raises an interesting question concerning the date of Agnes´s death.  If she died before her husband´s second marriage, her son could have been no more than five years old at the time, bearing in mind that his father had five children by his second marriage before his death in [1140].  In that case, it is unlikely that Guérin would have been considered old enough to have consented to the donation in this charter.  The other possibility is that Hugues´s first marriage was terminated not by his wife´s death but by their separation, insisted on by the church because of the canonical difficulties referred to above.  m ([1124], [separated]) HUGUES Sire de Craon, son of MAURICE [I] Sire de Craon & his wife Tiphaine --- (-[1140]). 

5.         [HAVISE Europäische Stammtafeln[480] identifies the wife of Robert Earl of Derby as the daughter of Guy [II] Sire de Laval & his "second" wife Cecilia ---.  According to Domesday Descendants[481], "there is no convincing evidence as to her identity".  m ROBERT de Ferrières Earl of Derby, son of HENRI Sire de Ferrières et de Chambrais & his wife Bertha ---).  He was created Earl of Derby in 1138.] 

 

 

GUY [III] de Laval, son of GUY [II] Sire de Laval & his second wife Cécile --- (-[1130/42], bur Marmoutier).  A charter dated to [1093/1110] records that "Guido filius Hamonis…et eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius…Guido" donated property to Marmoutier when "fratrem suum Hugonem" appeared to be dying, and a later donation by "Guido filius eius et Secilia uxor illius et Hugo frater illius"[482].  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[483].  He succeeded his father as Sire de Laval.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "dominus…Lavallensis" participated in "la journée de Séez" 11 Dec 1118 when the supporters of Foulques V Comte d´Anjou captured Alençon from Henry I King of England[484].  An undated charter, dated to the early 12th century, under which the nuns of Ronceray confirmed an agreement, is witnessed by "Hugues de Laval, qui nunc dominium tenebat"[485], which suggests that Hugues [II] de Laval (see above) acted as regent during the minority of Guy [III].  A charter dated 1142 confirms the foundation of the priory of Plessis-Milcent by "Guido de Lavalle" and completed after his death by "filius eius Guido", with the consent of "matre sua Ama et Gervasio avunculo suo"[486]

m ([1118/23]) EMMA, daughter of  --- (-after [1153/62]).  Broussillon refers to an assertion that a tomb in Clermont abbey recorded the burial of "Emma Anglorum regis filia dominaque Lavallensis" but adds that he found no document which confirms that this is correct[487].  "Guy de Laval" founded the abbey of Clermont, with the consent of "Emma sa mère, d´Hamon son frère, alors malade", by charter dated 1152[488].  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" donated property to Savigny by charter dated to [1153/62], witnessed by "…domina Emma matre mea…"[489]

Guy [III] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.         GUY [IV] de Laval (-23 Dec [1180/85], bur Abbaye de Clermont)A charter dated 1142 confirms the foundation of the priory of Plessis-Milcent by "Guido de Lavalle" and completed after his death by "filius eius Guido", with the consent of "matre sua Ama et Gervasio avunculo suo"[490].  He succeeded his father as Sire de Laval.  A charter issued by the monks of Marmoutier dated 1150 records the excommunication of Guy de Laval[491].  He called himself "Guido quintus" in a charter dated to [1150] under which he donated profits from a fair to the Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem[492].  "Wido dominus Lavallis" confirmed a donation by "Guido antecessor meus" to the priory of Gennes by charter dated to [1150], witnessed by "domina Lavallis, Emma, uxor eiusdem Guidonis…"[493].  "Guy de Laval" founded the abbey of Clermont, with the consent of "Emma sa mère, d´Hamon son frère, alors malade", by charter dated 1152[494].  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" donated property to Savigny by charter dated to [1153/62], witnessed by "…domina Emma matre mea…"[495].  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][496].  "Guido de Lavalle" donated property to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères with the consent of "Guidonis filii mei et Hamonis fratris mei et Emme uxoris mee" by charter dated 1180[497]m EMMA of Cornwall, daughter of REINALD Earl of Cornwall & his wife Beatrice FitzWilliam (-1208 or after, bur Abbaye de Clermont).  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][498].  "Agathe" in this document is an error for "Emma", as shown by the charter dated 1208 under which "Guido sextus dominus Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "patris mei" to the canons of "castellilo Lavallensi", witnessed by "…Emma matre mea, Hayoisia uxore mea…"[499].  "…Emme uxoris mee" consented to the donation by "Guido de Lavalle" to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères by charter dated 1180[500].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Guy [IV] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         GUY [V] de Laval (-1210).  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][501].  "Guidonis filii mei…" consented to the donation by "Guido de Lavalle" to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères by charter dated 1180[502].  He succeeded his father as Sire de Laval.  "Guido sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Bellebranche abbey by charter dated 1186[503].  "Guido junior de Lavalle" confirmed donations to Clermont abbey by charter dated 1194, on the burial day of "avunculi mei Hamonis"[504].  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "Guido de Laval…et Havis uxor eius" as guardians of his children and his lands, in the case of the death of his wife, in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem, and provided for their inheritance of his lands if he died without male heirs[505].  "Guido sextus dominus de Lavalle" donated property to Plessis-Milcent by charter dated 1205, witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea…"[506].  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[507].  "Guido sextus dominus Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "patris mei" to the canons of "castellilo Lavallensi", by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Emma matre mea, Hayoisia uxore mea…"[508]m as her first husband, AVOISE de Craon Dame de Craon et de Châtelais, daughter of MAURICE [II] Sire de Craon & his wife Isabelle de Meulan (-1230).  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "Guido de Laval…et Havis uxor eius" as guardians of his children and his lands, in the case of the death of his wife, in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem, and provided for their inheritance of his lands if he died without male heirs[509].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Mauricius de Creon" gave "Waletun…hundredum de Waletun" in Surrey to "Gwidoni de la Val cum filia sua"[510].  "Guido sextus dominus de Lavalle" donated property to Plessis-Milcent by charter dated 1205, witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea…"[511].  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[512].  "Guido sextus dominus Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "patris mei" to the canons of "castellilo Lavallensi", by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Emma matre mea, Hayoisia uxore mea…"[513].  She married secondly (before 1215) Yves le Franc Seigneur de Saulges (-before 1260).  "Robertus comes de Alenchon" settled the dower of "domine Haoys de Lavalle" by charter dated [19 Apr/31 Oct] 1215[514].  "Robertus comes d´Alencon et dominus Lavallis et Emma uxor eius filia Guidonis de Lavalle et hæres Lavallis" exchanged property with "Yvoni Franco et dominæ Haoys uxori suæ" by charter dated Feb 1216[515].  "Matheus de Montemorenciaco, conestabularius Franciæ et Emma, eius uxor, comitissa de Alanconio et domina Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "dominus Ivo Francus et uxor eius Advisia de Lavalle" to Bellebranche, for the salvation of "domini Guydonis de Lavalle" and for "Hugonis filii sui", by charter dated 1218[516].  Guy [V] & his wife had four children: 

i)          OZANNE de Laval (-[1205], bur prieuré d'Olivet).  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[517]

ii)         GUY [VI] de Laval (-8 Sep 1211, bur Clermont).  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[518]

iii)        EMMA de Laval ([1197/98]-27 Apr 1264, bur Abbaye de Clermont)"Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[519]Dame de Laval.  A manuscript genealogy of the Lords of Beaumont record the marriage of “Robertum comitem Alencheii” and “Emmam filiam Guidonis domini de La Val” after the death of his wife “Joanna…filia domini Josberti de Guirchia[520].  "Robertus comes d´Alencon et dominus Lavallis et Emma uxor eius filia Guidonis de Lavalle et hæres Lavallis" exchanged property with "Yvoni Franco et dominæ Haoys uxori suæ" by charter dated Feb 1216[521].  "Matheus de Montemorenciaco, conestabularius Franciæ et Emma, eius uxor, comitissa de Alanconio et domina Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "dominus Ivo Francus et uxor eius Advisia de Lavalle" to Bellebranche, for the salvation of "domini Guydonis de Lavalle" and for "Hugonis filii sui", by charter dated 1218[522].  "Ama comitissa de Alenceon" donated property to Notre-Dame, Paris for the soul of "domini Mathei de Monte Morenciaco mariti mei defuncti" by charter dated 1230[523].  "Joannes dominus de Toceio miles" confirmed commitments made for his marriage to "Emmam comitissam de Alenchon et dominam de Lavalle" by charter dated 1231[524].  The necrology of Joyenval records the death “27 Apr...circa 1280“ of "dominæ Emmæ comitissæ Alençonio, dominæ de Valle Guyonis, domini Guillelmi de Bellomonte [error] uxoris” and that “domini Guidonis de Laval filii eorum primogeniti” confirmed their donations[525]m firstly (before 1215) as his third wife, ROBERT [III] Comte d'Alençon, son of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix du Maine (-Mortevieille 8 Sep 1217, bur Abbaye de Perseigne).  m secondly (Jul 1218) as his second wife, MATHIEU [II] "le Grand" Seigneur de Montmorency, son of BOUCHARD [IV] Seigneur de Montmorency & his wife Laurette de Hainaut (-24 Nov 1230).  m thirdly (1231) JEAN Sire de Toucy, son of ITIER [IV] de Toucy & his wife Beatrix de Rion (-in Egypt 1250). 

iv)       ISABELLE de Laval .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1220/50.  m (before Aug 1220) BOUCHARD [V] Seigneur de Montmorency, son of MATHIEU [II] "le Grand" Seigneur de Montmorency & his first wife Gertrude de Soissons (-1 Jan 1243, bur Meynel). 

b)         CECILE [Sibylle] de Laval .  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][526].  A Chronicon Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum names "Agnete…de Lavallis Widonis filia" as wife of "Aimerico vicecomiti de Thoarcio"[527].  A charter dated to [1180] records the donations by "Aimery de Thouars, Sibille épouse d´Aimery ainsi que Aumou sa mère" to the monks of la Chaise-le-Vicomte[528]m ([1150/52]) as his first wife, AIMERY [VII] Vicomte de Thouars, son of GEOFFROY [V] Vicomte de Thouars & his wife --- (-1226, bur Abbaye de Chambon). 

c)         [JEAN de Laval .  "…Johannes de Laval consanguineus noster, Matheus de Bellomonte" witnessed the charter dated to [1185] under which "Burchardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation of "bonæ memoriæ Johannes pater meus comeds Vindocinensis" to the abbey of la Charité-sur-Loire[529].  It is not known how Jean may have been related to the Laval family.  Nor has his relationship with Bourchard Comte de Vendôme been traced.] 

2.         HAMON de Laval (-1194, bur Clermont).  "Guy de Laval" founded the abbey of Clermont, with the consent of "Emma sa mère, d´Hamon son frère, alors malade", by charter dated 1152[530].  "Guido Lavallensis dominus" relinquished the parish of la Gravelle to Marmoutier, with the advice of "fratris mei Hamonis, et uxoris mee Agathe et filiorum meorum Guidonis atque Sicilie", by charter dated to [1142/85][531].  "…Hamonis fratris mei…" consented to the donation by "Guido de Lavalle" to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères by charter dated 1180[532].  "Guido junior de Lavalle" confirmed donations to Clermont abbey by charter dated 1194, on the burial day of "avunculi mei Hamonis"[533]

3.         [EMMA de Laval (-1190 or after).  Broussillon states that "Emma de Laval" is recorded as abbess of Ronceray from 1163 to 1190, citing twenty charters in the cartulary of Ronceray which name her, but adds that no document has been found which confirms her parentage[534]

 

                                   

 

B.      SIRES de LAVAL (MONTMORENCY)

 

 

 

GUY [VII] de Montmorency, son of MATHIEU [II] Seigneur de Montmorency & his second wife Emma de Laval (-[1267]).  The necrology of Joyenval records the death “27 Apr...circa 1280“ of "dominæ Emmæ comitissæ Alençonio, dominæ de Valle Guyonis, domini Guillelmi de Bellomonte [error] uxoris” and that “domini Guidonis de Laval filii eorum primogeniti” confirmed their donations[535]Sire de Laval

Betrothed (1229) to ALIX de Vitré, daughter of ANDRE [III] Sire de Vitré & his first wife Catherine de Thouars (-after Jul 1273).  "André de Vitré" confirmed by letter dated [1229] that he had promised "…[sa] troisième fille" to "madame de Laval de lui donner son fils"[536]

m firstly (1239) PHILIPPA de Vitré, daughter of ANDRE [III] Sire de Vitré & his first wife Catherine de Thouars (-16 Sep 1254). 

m secondly (before Oct 1257) as her second husband, THOMASSE de Poëncy, widow of ANDRE [III] Sire de Vitré, daughter of GEOFFROY de Poëncy Seigneur de la Guerche & his wife --- (-after 1272).  The marriage contract between "Gaufridus de Poenceio dominus Guirchiæ...Thomasia filia mea" and “Andreæ domino Vitreii” is dated Jan 1240[537].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. 

Guy [VII] & his first wife had children: 

1.         GUY [VIII] de Laval ([1240]-L'Isle-Jourdain 22 Aug 1295, bur Abbaye de Clermont)Sire de Vitré 1254.  Sire de Lavalm firstly (Paris 1260) ISABELLE de Beaumont Dame de Villemomble, de Pacy-sur-Marne et de Brévières Ctss di Caserta, daughter of GUILLAUME de Beaumont [en-Gâtinais] Seigneur de Villemomble et de Pacy Conte di Caserta & his wife Jeanne Dame d´Acquigny (-1277).  m secondly (contract 11 Nov 1286) JEANNE de Beaumont Dame de Loué, daughter of LOUIS de Brienne dit d Acre Vicomte de Beaumont-au-Maine & his wife Agnes de Beaumont (-1323, bur Abbaye de Clermont).  Guy [VIII] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         GUY [IX] de Laval (-Landravan 22 Jan 1333, bur Abbaye de Clermont)Sire de Laval et de Vitré. 

-        see below

Guy [VIII] & his second wife had children: 

b)         ANDRE de Laval (-before 13 May 1356).  Châtelain de Loué, Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Vendelais.  m ([1311]) as her second husband, EUSTACHIE de Bauçay Dame d´Olivet, widow of GUILLAUME d´Usages Vidame du Mans, daughter of HUGUES de Bauçay & his wife Alix de Châtillon. 

-        SEIGNEURS de LOUE et de BREE[538]

c)         CATHERINE de Laval m GERARD Chabot Baron de Retz, son of GERARD Chabot Baron de Retz & his wife Marie de Parthenay (-before 15 Sep 1344).  

2.         EMMETTE de Laval (-1331 or after)m PREGENT de Coëtmen Vicomte de Tonquédec, son of ---.  [Another marriage is proposed: a Chronicon Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum records the marriage of "Aimericum Galfredi de Podio-fagi filium" and "Emmettæ dominis Widonis de Lavallia defuncti et Philippæ de Vitreo filiæ"[539].  If correct, Emmette´s husband was AIMERY du Puy-du-Fou, son of GEOFFROY du Puy-du-Fou & his wife Agnes de Thouars.  The difficulties associated with the fabrication of all or parts of the reconstruction of the Puy-du-Fou family are discussed in the document AQUITAINE DUKES, including the possibility that this fragmentary chronicle formed part of the fabrication.  This marriage has not yet been corroborated by another primary source.] 

3.         CATHERINE de Laval (-1306 or after).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified.  “Katerine de Laval jadis vicontesse de Leon” acknowledged receipt of payment made by “nostre...Seignour le Duc de Bretaigne” by charter dated Nov 1281[540].  The executors of the testament of Jean II Duke of Brittany assigned dower to "Katerine de Laval Dame de Landevran jadis Viscontesse de Leon", by charter dated Nov 1306[541]m (contract 5 May 1265) HERVE [IV] Vicomte de Léon, son of HERVÉ [III] Vicomte de Léon & his wife Margilia --- (-before Nov 1281). 

4.         BOUCHARD de Laval (-before 20 Jan 1320).  Seigneur d´Attichy, de Chantilly et de Conflans.  m as her first husband, BEATRIX d´Erquery, daughter of RAOUL Herpin & his wife ---.  She married secondly Jean [I] de Nesle Seigneur d´Offémont (-25 May 1352). 

-        SEIGNEURS d´ATTICHY[542]

 

 

GUY [IX] de Laval, son of GUY [VIII] de Laval Sire de Laval et de Vitré & his first wife Isabelle de Beaumont [en-Gâtinas] (-Landravan 22 Jan 1333, bur Abbaye de Clermont)Sire de Laval et de Vitré. 

m (1286) BEATRIX van Gavre Vrouwe van Gavre, Dame de Chièvres, daughter of RASO [XI] van Gavre & his wife Beatrix van Strijen (-4 Jul [1316]).  

Guy [IX] & his wife had children: 

1.         GUY [X] de Laval (-killed in battle la Roche-Derrien 18 Jun 1347)Sire de Laval et de Vitré.  m (2 Mar 1315) BEATRIX de Bretagne, daughter of ARTHUR II Duke of Brittany & his second wife Yolande de Dreux Ctss de Montfort l'Amaury (7 Dec 1295-9 Dec 1384, bur Abbaye de Clermont near Laval).  "Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[543]Dame de Hédé.  Guy [X] & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUY [XI] de Laval (-22 Sep 1348, bur Vitré)Sire de Laval et de Vitré.  m (contract 11 Aug 1338) as her first husband, ISABELLE de Craon, daughter of MAURICE [VII] de Craon Seigneur de Sainte-Maure et de Marcillac & his wife Marguerite de Mello (-2 Feb 1394, bur Angers Cordeliers).  Dame de Sainte-Maure, de Nouatre, de Pressigny et de Verneuil.  Dame de Craon 1373.  She married secondly ([2 Jun 1357/1 Jun 1358]) Louis de Sully Seigneur de Sully.  

b)         JEAN de Laval (-21 Apr 1412, bur Clermont).  He succeeded his brother in 1348 as GUY [XII] Sire de Laval, de Vitré et de Gavre.  m firstly (1348) LOUISE de Châteaubriand, daughter of GEOFFROY [VIII] Seigneur de Châteaubriand & his wife Jeanne de Belleville (-27 Nov 1383, bur Clermont).  m secondly (contract Meslay 28 May 1384) as her second husband, JEANNE de Laval, widow of BERTRAND du Guescelin Connétable de France, daughter of JEAN de Laval Seigneur de Châtillon-en-Vendelais et d´Olivet & his wife Isabelle de Tinteniac (-Vitré 27 Dec 1433, bur Laval).  Dame de Châtillon et d´Olivet.  Jean & his second wife had children: 

i)          ANNE de Laval (1385-Vitré 20 Jan 1486, bur Laval Saint-Tugal).  m firstly (contract 15 and 22 Jan 1405) JEAN de Montfort, son of --- (-Rhodos 12 Aug 1414).  He succeeded in 1406 as GUY [XIII] Sire de Laval et de Vitré.  m secondly (1416) JEAN Turpin, son of --- (-after 1432). 

c)         BEATRIX de Laval (-after Jan 1365).  Dame de Villemomble.  “Messire Olivier Sire de Cliçon et...Madame Beatrix de Laval sa femme” exchanged property with “la Baronnie...du Tuit” by charter dated 14 May 1370[544].  “Messire Olivier Sire de Cliçon et...Madame Beatrix de Laval sa femme” exchanged property with “la Baronnie...du Tuit” by charter dated 14 May 1370[545]m (contract 12 Feb 1361) as his first wife, OLIVIER [V] Seigneur de Clisson, son of OLIVIER [IV] Seigneur de Clisson & his second wife Jeanne de Belleville (Clisson 23 Apr 1336-Château de Josselin 23 Apr 1407(Clisson 23 Apr 1336-Château de Josselin 23 Apr 1407). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    VICOMTES du MAINE et de BEAUMONT-sur-SARTHE

 

 

A.      VICOMTES du MAINE, VICOMTES de BEAUMONT-sur-SARTHE

 

 

The earliest reference to a vicomte in the county of Maine dates to the 960s/970s.  It appears that the family of the vicomte du Maine descended from this Raoul [I], although no proof has been found in primary sources has been found that he was the ancestor of the later vicomtes.  The chronology suggests that he was a different person from Vicomte Raoul [II], who is named in charters which can probably be dated to the early 11th century.  

 

Sainte-Suzanne was one of the important castles held by the vicomtes du Maine, although it is not known whether it was originally constructed by the family or inherited by marriage.  It was located due west of the town of Le Mans.  The earliest reference to Sainte-Suzanne appears to be included in the Gesta Ambaziensium which attributes the title "Radulfi vicecomitis de Sancto Susanna" to Raoul [II] de Beaumont Vicomte du Maine[546], whose active career is dated to the late 10th/early 11th centuries.  Orderic Vitalis records that William I King of England unsuccessfully besieged Hubert Vicomte du Maine et de Beaumont in the castle of Sainte-Suzanne for three years, probably dated to around 1083, emphasising the impregnability of the fortress because of its rocky position[547]

 

 

1.         RAOUL [I] [de Beaumont] (-after Feb 971).  Vicomte [du Maine].  "…Rodulfi vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated Mar 967 under which "Girardus" donated property to Tours Saint-Julien[548].  "Hugonis comitis, Hugonis et Fulchonis filiorum eius…Rodulfi vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated Feb 971 under which Sigefroid Bishop of Le Mans donated property to Tours Saint-Julien[549]

 

2.         RAOUL [II] de Beaumont (-before 1014)Vicomte du Maine.  "Rodulfus Cenomanensium vicecomes" donated two serfs to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur, in the presence of "conjuge mea Widenore et filiis meis Rodulfo, Gosfrido, Ivelino et Huberto" by undated charter, signed by "Ivelini clerici, primogeniti sui, Gosfridi et Rodulfi et Huberti filiorum eius"[550].  [Vicomte de Sainte-Suzanne: the Gesta Ambaziensium names "Radulfi vicecomitis de Sancto Susanna" when recording the marriage of his daughter Odeline[551].]  “Widdo Lononis filius” donated “Gaudiacus” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “dominis meis Hugone atque Herberto comitibus et vice comite Radulpho eiusque filii...Yvo archidiaconus, vice comes Radulphus atque Gaufridus” by undated charter dated to [1000/15][552]m firstly GODEHILDIS, daughter of ---.  "Rodulfus…Cenomannus vicecomes…mee bone coniugis Godehelt…filio Rodulfo" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Victeur du Mans by charter dated to [994][553].  It is possible that she was Godehildis de Bellême, widow of Albert [I] de la Ferté-en-Beauce, daughter of Yves de Bellême & his wife Godeholt ---. although the primary source which confirms this has not yet been identified.  m secondly GUINOR, daughter of ---.  "Rodulfus Cenomanensium vicecomes" donated two serfs to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur, in the presence of "conjuge mea Widenore et filiis meis Rodulfo, Gosfrido, Ivelino et Huberto" by undated charter, signed by "Ivelini clerici, primogeniti sui, Gosfridi et Rodulfi et Huberti filiorum eius"[554].  Raoul [II] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         YVES de Beaumont .  "Rodulfus Cenomanensium vicecomes" donated two serfs to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur, in the presence of "conjuge mea Widenore et filiis meis Rodulfo, Gosfrido, Ivelino et Huberto" by undated charter, signed by "Ivelini clerici, primogeniti sui, Gosfridi et Rodulfi et Huberti filiorum eius"[555].  Archdeacon at Le Mans.  “Widdo Lononis filius” donated “Gaudiacus” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “dominis meis Hugone atque Herberto comitibus et vice comite Radulpho eiusque filii...Yvo archidiaconus, vice comes Radulphus atque Gaufridus” by undated charter dated to [1000/15][556]

b)         RAOUL [III] [Roscelin] de Beaumont (-before 1040).  "Rodulfus…Cenomannus vicecomes…mee bone coniugis Godehelt…filio Rodulfo" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Victeur du Mans by charter dated to [994][557].  "Rodulfus Cenomanensium vicecomes" donated two serfs to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur, in the presence of "conjuge mea Widenore et filiis meis Rodulfo, Gosfrido, Ivelino et Huberto" by undated charter, signed by "Ivelini clerici, primogeniti sui, Gosfridi et Rodulfi et Huberti filiorum eius"[558].  “Widdo Lononis filius” donated “Gaudiacus” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “dominis meis Hugone atque Herberto comitibus et vice comite Radulpho eiusque filii...Yvo archidiaconus, vice comes Radulphus atque Gaufridus” by undated charter dated to [1000/15][559]Vicomte du Maine.  "Hugo Cenomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel by charter dated 1014, witnessed by "Roscelini vicecomitis, Hameli de Leido Castello, Haymonis de Medano, Herberti fratris comitis, Droci filii Milonis, Odilarii Drudi"[560].  Latouche suggests that "Roscelinus" was a diminutive form of "Rodulfus" and that this person must be the same person as Raoul [III] or Raoul [IV][561].  This appears to be correct as his son Geoffroy is named "filius Roscelini vicecomitis".  If it is correct, it is more likely that the charter refers to Raoul [IV].  "…Radulphi vicecomitis, Odonis fratris eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1010] under which "Gaufridus de Sabolio" founded the priory of Solesmes[562]m (after 997) EREMBURGIS, daughter of IVES & his wife --- (-1 Jan before 1049).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   She became a nun at Cluny.  Raoul [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          RAOUL [IV] de Beaumont (-[11 Jun] [after 1070]).  His parentage is confirmed by reading together the two documents which firstly confirm that Geoffroy was the son of "Roscelini vicecomitis"[563] and secondly name "…Gaufridi fratris Radulfi vicecomitis…"[564]Vicomte du Maine

-         see below

ii)         GEOFFROY de Beaumont (-before 1096).  "Gaufridus filius Roscelini vicecomitis" sold "ecclesias de Sogona" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1060][565].  "Hugo de Braietello" donated "ecclesiam…in…Sanctæ Trinitatis in parochial Sancti Celerini", now called "ex nomine patris mei…Capella Guillelmi", to Marmoutier, with the consent of "uxore sua Erma", by charter dated to [1064/76], which also records the donation by "Gaufredus gener suus et Hervisa filia eiusdem Hugonis, uxor Gauffredi"[566].  "…Gaufridi fratris Radulfi vicecomitis…" consented to the purchase of "ecclesiam Sancti Petri que dicitur Curtis Laboris" by Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1050/60][567]

-         SIRES de BRAITEL

c)         GEOFFROY de Sablé (-after [1015]).  "Rodulfus Cenomanensium vicecomes" donated two serfs to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur, in the presence of "conjuge mea Widenore et filiis meis Rodulfo, Gosfrido, Ivelino et Huberto" by undated charter, signed by "Ivelini clerici, primogeniti sui, Gosfridi et Rodulfi et Huberti filiorum eius"[568].  The chronology of the documents associated with this family suggests that Geoffroy must have been born from his father´s first marriage:  his father´s first wife is named in a document dated to [994] (see above) and Geoffroy must presumably have been adult when he issued the charter dated to [1010].  "Gaufridus de Sabolio" founded the priory of Solesmes, confirmed by "Adelays uxor mea et filius noster Drogo", by charter dated to [1010], signed by "…Radulphi vicecomitis, Odonis fratris eius…"[569].  “Widdo Lononis filius” donated “Gaudiacus” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “dominis meis Hugone atque Herberto comitibus et vice comite Radulpho eiusque filii...Yvo archidiaconus, vice comes Radulphus atque Gaufridus” by undated charter dated to [1000/15][570]

-        SIRES de SABLE

Raoul [II] & his [first/second] wife had three children: 

d)         HUBERT de Beaumont .  "Rodulfus Cenomanensium vicecomes" donated two serfs to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur, in the presence of "conjuge mea Widenore et filiis meis Rodulfo, Gosfrido, Ivelino et Huberto" by undated charter, signed by "Ivelini clerici, primogeniti sui, Gosfridi et Rodulfi et Huberti filiorum eius"[571]

e)         EUDES de Beaumont .  "…Radulphi vicecomitis, Odonis fratris eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1010] under which "Gaufridus de Sabolio" founded the priory of Solesmes[572]

f)          ODELINE [Emmeline] de Beaumont .  Dame de Basoges et de Sainte-Christine.  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Odelinam filiam Radulfi vicecomitis de Sancto Susanna" as the second wife of "vir illustris…Hugo", specifying that her dowry was "Basogerium oppidum et terram Sanctæ Christinæ"[573]m as his second wife, HUGUES de Lavardin, son of ---. 

 

 

RAOUL [IV] de Beaumont, son of RAOUL [III] de Beaumont Vicomte du Maine & his wife Eremburgis --- (-[11 Jun] [after 1070]).  His parentage is confirmed by reading together the two documents which firstly confirm that Geoffroy was the son of "Roscelini vicecomitis"[574] and secondly name "…Gaufridi fratris Radulfi vicecomitis…"[575].  Vicomte de Beaumont-sur-Sarthe, de Grand-Montevrault et du Lude.  Vicomte du Maine.  Seigneur de Preuilly.  "Radulfo vicecomite, Guillelmo vicecomite, Erfredo vicecomite, Herveo vicecomite de Bleso…" witnessed a charter dated 1039 which records that "miles…Walterius…filius Hamelini de Lingaiis" was sentenced to relinquish property held from Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou for having killed "cognatum predicti comitis…Mauricium", Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme[576].  "Radulfus vicecomes" donated "la foire de Notre-Dame" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to after 1070, witnessed by "Goffridus de Chamiliaco frater Berengarii…Tetbertus telonearius, Fulbertus teleonarius, Hubertus filius eius…"[577].  Although Hubert is named eighth in the list of witnesses, it is likely that "filius eius" applies to the donor not to the person whose name precedes Hubert´s in the list.  If this is correct, the donor was Vicomte Raoul [IV].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "III Id Jun" of "Radulphus vicecomes"[578], although it is not known to which Vicomte Raoul this refers. 

m firstly (before 3 Mar 1048) EMME de Montevrault Dame du Lude, daughter of ETIENNE de Montevrault {Grand-Montrevault, Cholet, Maine-et-Loire} & his wife Adelberge de Vendôme (-12 Sep 1058, bur Saint-Serge d'Angers).  "Huberti Andegavensium episcopi…et neptis illius Emme atque Radulfi vicecomitis Cenomannensium mariti eius filiorumque eorum" consented to the donation to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou made by "Aremburgis relicta vidua Thetuini Strabonis…et filiam suam Hildegardem" by undated charter[579].  "Radulfus vicecomes cum uxore sua Amelina" sold the church of Luché to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated to [1057][580].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "II Id Sep" of "Emma vicecomitissa Cenomanensis neptis Huberti episcopi"[581]

m secondly CANA, daughter of GELDUIN Seigneur de Pontlevoie & his wife ---.  [1060].  She is named as the mother of Savari by Orderic Vitalis, without giving her origin or the name of her husband[582].  It is possible that this is the same person as Cana, daughter of Gelduin Seigneur de Saumur & his [first] wife Gerberge du Perche, who is recorded in the Gesta Ambaziensium which names "Gosfridum…Puella vocatus…sororem Chanam" as children of "Gelduinus vir nobilis ex genere Danorum", specifying that Cana married "Frangalo Filgeriarum dominus" and had many sons and daughters[583].  If this is correct, her marriage to Vicomte Raoul would probably have been her second marriage.  "Radulfus vicecomes et Cana eius uxor" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] by which "Robertus filius Frogerii" donated "terram de Mosteriolo" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre suo Geroico", with the consent of "Gaufridus frater vicecomitis"[584]

Raoul [IV] & his first wife had three children: 

1.         HUBERT de Beaumont (-5 Dec before 1095).  His parentage is confirmed by reading together the documents which confirm that Geoffroy was the son of "Roscelini vicecomitis"[585] and which name Geoffroy as "patruus" of "Hubertus vicecomes"[586].  "Hucberto filio Radulfi vicecomitis de Lusdo" withdrew his claim to the church of Luché to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated to [1062], signed by "Radulfus ipse, pater eius…et Fulco de Vindocino"[587].  "Hubertus filius Rodulfi vicecomitis" is listed in a charter dated 1065 as one of the sellers of property to Marmoutier[588].  "Radulfus vicecomes" donated "la foire de Notre-Dame" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to after 1070, witnessed by "Goffridus de Chamiliaco frater Berengarii…Tetbertus telonearius, Fulbertus teleonarius, Hubertus filius eius…"[589].  Although Hubert is named eighth in the list of witnesses, it is likely that "filius eius" applies to the donor not to the person whose name precedes Hubert´s in the list.  If this is correct, the donor was Vicomte Raoul [IV].  Vicomte du MaineVicomte de Beaumont.  "Huberti vicecomitis, Gaufridi avunculi sui…" witnessed a charter dated to [1067/69] which records a donation by "Willelmus cognomento Osoenus" to Saint-Vincent du Mans[590].  "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], recorded as being three days before "vicecomes in Angliam terram" went, witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…", and adding that "post mortem patris in tempore quadragesimo…Radulfus cum matre Ermingarde et fratre Huberto Cennomannis" confirmed the donation[591].  Orderic Vitalis records that he quarrelled with William I King of England after 1083, abandoned his castles of Beaumont-le-Vicomte and Fresnay-sur-Sarthe, and withdrew with his wife to the castle of Sainte-Suzanne where he was besieged by the king "for three years"[592].  "Hucbertus…Cenomannensium vicecomes" confirmed the possession of the chapel of Saint-Aubin at Lude by the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, with the consent of "Hermengardis vicecomitisse, Radulfi, Herberti, Guillelmi, Dionisii", by charter dated to [1090][593]m (6 Dec 1067) ERMENGARDE de Nevers, daughter of GUILLAUME I Comte de Nevers & his wife Ermengarde Ctss de Tonnerre (-[14 Oct 1090/1095]).  "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…", and adding that "post mortem patris in tempore quadragesimo…Radulfus cum matre Ermingarde et fratre Huberto Cennomannis" confirmed the donation[594].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who names [her husband] “Hubertus...vicecomes, gener Willermi Nivernensis comitis[595].  "Hucbertus…Cenomannensium vicecomes" confirmed the possession of the chapel of Saint-Aubin at Lude by the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, with the consent of "Hermengardis vicecomitisse, Radulfi, Herberti, Guillelmi, Dionisii", by charter dated to [1090][596].  Hubert & his wife had five children: 

a)         RAOUL [VI] de Beaumont (-14 Jan [1120/25], bur Etival).  "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…", and adding that "post mortem patris in tempore quadragesimo…Radulfus cum matre Ermingarde et fratre Huberto Cennomannis" confirmed the donation[597]Vicomte de Beaumont, de Fresnay et de Sainte-Suzanne. 

-        see below

b)         HUBERT de Beaumont .  "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…", and adding that "post mortem patris in tempore quadragesimo…Radulfus cum matre Ermingarde et fratre Huberto Cennomannis" confirmed the donation[598].  "Hucbertus…Cenomannensium vicecomes" confirmed the possession of the chapel of Saint-Aubin at Lude by the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, with the consent of "Hermengardis vicecomitisse, Radulfi, Herberti, Guillelmi, Dionisii", by charter dated to [1090][599].  The reference to "sca Susanna" suggests that Hubert de Beaumont may have been "Hubto de sca Susanna" who is recorded in the 1130 Pipe Roll in Oxfordshire, Dorsetshire and Wiltshire[600]

c)         GUILLAUME de Beaumont (-[1090/95]).  "Hucbertus…Cenomannensium vicecomes" confirmed the possession of the chapel of Saint-Aubin at Lude by the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, with the consent of "Hermengardis vicecomitisse, Radulfi, Herberti, Guillelmi, Dionisii", by charter dated to [1090][601].  "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…", and adding that "post mortem patris in tempore quadragesimo…Radulfus cum matre Ermingarde et fratre Huberto Cennomannis" confirmed the donation[602].  Guillaume´s absence from the confirmation suggests that he had predeceased his father. 

d)         DENIS de Beaumont .  "Hucbertus…Cenomannensium vicecomes" confirmed the possession of the chapel of Saint-Aubin at Lude by the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, with the consent of "Hermengardis vicecomitisse, Radulfi, Herberti, Guillelmi, Dionisii", by charter dated to [1090][603]

e)         GODEHILDIS de Beaumont (-13 Apr ----).  "Radulfus vicecomes et dominus Bellimontis" installed "sororem suam…Godechildem" as abbess of Etival by charter dated 1109[604].  Abbess of Etival 1109.  Nun at Cluny. 

2.         RAOUL [V] "Payen" de Beaumont (-1095 or after).  A charter dated 1071 records that "Radulfus vicecomes filius vicecomitis Radulfi de Lusdio" took property from Marmoutier and that he and "ipse uxor sua Agathes" were paid not to take more[605].  Vicomte de Lude, Vicomte de Montevrault.  "Radulfus vicecomes et uxor eius Agatha" witnessed the charter dated to [1077] which records the settlement of a dispute between La Trinité de Vendôme and "Herveo castelli Lavarzini domino"[606].  "Radulfus vicecomes" confirmed donations in his fief to La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "Agatha uxore sua, filia Fulconis comitis Vindocinensis", by charter dated 5 Jan 1079[607].  A charter dated 28 Oct 1084 records the reparations made by "comes Burchardus filius Fulconis Vindocinensis" to La Trinité de Vendôme for a judgment against the abbey, witnessed by "Radulfus vicecomes, Fulcherius de Fractavalle, Paganus de Montedublello…"[608]m (before 1071) AGATHA de Vendôme, daughter of FOULQUES Comte de Vendôme & his wife Pétronille de Château-Renard.  A charter dated 1071 records that "Radulfus vicecomes filius vicecomitis Radulfi de Lusdio" took property from Marmoutier and that he and "ipse uxor sua Agathes" were paid not to take more[609].  "Radulfus vicecomes et uxor eius Agatha" witnessed the charter dated to [1077] which records the settlement of a dispute between La Trinité de Vendôme and "Herveo castelli Lavarzini domino"[610].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 5 Jan 1079 under which her husband "Radulfus vicecomes" confirmed donations in his fief to La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "Agatha uxore sua, filia Fulconis comitis Vindocinensis"[611].  "Radulfus vicecomes" donated the church of St Nicholas built at his castle of Montrevault to the cathedral of Angers St Maurice, with the consent of "uxore mea Agatha et filiis meis Fulchone, Radulfo, Burchardo", by charter dated 15/29 Jul 1095[612].  Raoul [V] & his wife had three children: 

a)         FOULQUES de Beaumont .  "Radulfus vicecomes" donated the church of St Nicholas built at his castle of Montrevault to the cathedral of Angers St Maurice, with the consent of "uxore mea Agatha et filiis meis Fulchone, Radulfo, Burchardo", by charter dated 15/29 Jul 1095[613].  1086.  Vicomte de Montevrault.  Brenner suggests[614] that he was the same person as  Folke "den Digre" Jarl in Sweden, although the latter is named "Fulko grossus, son of Ingewaldus, son of Fulko Fölbythe the pagan" in a 14th century genealogy compiled at Varnem Abbey[615]m ---.  The name of Foulques's wife is not known.  Foulques & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROSCELIN de Beaumont .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Vicomte de Montevrault.  m PERNELLE de Beaupréau, daughter of OURI de Beaupréau & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

b)         RAOUL de Beaumont .  "Radulfus vicecomes" donated the church of St Nicholas built at his castle of Montrevault to the cathedral of Angers St Maurice, with the consent of "uxore mea Agatha et filiis meis Fulchone, Radulfo, Burchardo", by charter dated 15/29 Jul 1095[616]

c)         BOUCHARD de Beaumont .  "Radulfus vicecomes" donated the church of St Nicholas built at his castle of Montrevault to the cathedral of Angers St Maurice, with the consent of "uxore mea Agatha et filiis meis Fulchone, Radulfo, Burchardo", by charter dated 15/29 Jul 1095[617]

3.         --- de Beaumont .  Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Willelmus cognomento Talavatius” married secondly “filiam Rodulfi vicecomitis de Bellomonte[618]m as his second wife, GUILLAUME [II] "Talvas" Sire d'Alençon, son of GUILLAUME [I] "Talvas" Sire d'Alençon & his wife Mathilde --- (-after [1050/54]). 

Raoul [IV] & his second wife had one child: 

4.         SAVARY FitzCana de Beaumont ([1065/70]-).  He is named as son of Cana by Orderic Vitalis[619].  "…Savaricus filius vicecomitis Radulfi…" witnessed a charter dated to [1067/80] relating to the donation by "Johannes de Guirchia" of "ecclesia sancti Cornelli de Banniolo" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[620].  "Savericus filius Cane…" witnessed a charter dated to [1087/94] under which Robert son of William I King of England donated property to Holy Trinity, Caen[621].  Of Midhurst and Easebourne, Sussex.  m MURIEL de Bohun, daughter of RICHARD de Méry Seigneur de Bohun & his wife Lucie ---.  Domesday Descendants states that Savary de Beaumont married "Muriel daughter of Richard de Meri, the Norman heir of Humphrey de Bohun" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[622].  Her family origin is indicated by a charter of King Richard I dated 31 Mar 1190 confirming "Ford, Climpling, Rustinton, Presteton and Lovinto…in the county of Sussex" to "Francus de Bohun", to hold in the same way as "Savaric son of Savaric, heir of Enjulger de Bohon" had held[623].  "Savaric son of Cana and Muriel his wife" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin, Sees by charter dated to [1105], witnessed by "…Radulfus et Savarico filii ipsius Savarici"[624].  Savari & his wife had four children: 

a)         RADULF FitzSavary (-before 1157[625]).  "Savaric son of Cana and Muriel his wife" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin, Sees by charter dated to [1105], witnessed by "…Radulfus et Savarico filii ipsius Savarici"[626].  Of Midhurst and Easebourne, Sussex.  Radulfus filius Savari…” subscribed the undated charter under which “Wilielmus Cicestriæ comes” donated property “ecclesiæ de Bisintona quam Radulphus de Haia dedit ecclesiæ sanctæ Trinitatis” to Boxgrove Priory, dated the day “ipse Radulphus” was betrothed to “uxorem suam Olivam sororem…meam[627]m [AGNES de Albini, daughter of WILLIAM Earl of Arundel & his wife Adelisa de Louvain].  Domesday Descendants records that William Earl of Arundel donated property to Boxgrove Priory for the soul of Agnes, wife of Radulf FitzSavaric, by charter dated [1173] which does not specify the relationship between the two[628].  Considering that she gave birth to a daughter before her husband's death before 1157, Agnes was probably the first child of her parents, assuming that William 1st Earl of Arundel was her father.  Radulf & his wife had one child: 

i)          AGATHA (-young).  William Earl of Arundel and his wife Queen Adelisa made a grant to Wymondham Priory for her soul[629]

b)         SAVARY FitzSavary (-[1157/68]).  "Savaric son of Cana and Muriel his wife" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin, Sees by charter dated to [1105], witnessed by "…Radulfus et Savarico filii ipsius Savarici"[630].  He succeeded in 1180 to the estates of his maternal uncle Engelger Seigneur de Bohon[631] and became Seigneur de Bohon.  This succession is indicated by a charter of King Richard I dated 31 Mar 1190 confirming "Ford, Climpling, Rustinton, Presteton and Lovinto…in the county of Sussex" to "Francus de Bohun", to hold in the same way as "Savaric son of Savaric, heir of Enjulger de Bohon" had held[632].  Of Ford, Sussex. 

c)         GELDUIN FitzSavary (-before 1187).  Of Midhurst, Easebourne and Hustington, Sussex.  m ESTRANGIA, daughter of ---, "a Burgundian related to the German kings"[633].  Gelduin & his wife had two children: 

i)          FRANCO de Bohun (-after 31 Mar 1190)King Richard I confirmed "Ford, Climpling, Rustinton, Presteton and Lovinto…in the county of Sussex" to "Francus de Bohun", to hold in the same way as "Savaric son of Savaric, heir of Enjulger de Bohon" had held, by charter dated 31 Mar 1190[634].  His descendants were the Bohun family of Midhurst, Ford and Hustington in Sussex, which is set out in Europäische Stammtafeln[635].  The family became extinct in the senior male line in 1492 and in a junior male line (the Bohun family of Westhall, Suffolk) in 1780. 

-         BOHUN of MIDHURST, SUSSEX

ii)         SAVARIC (-8 Aug 1205).  Bishop of Bath and Wells. 

d)         LUCY .  Orderic Vitalis records that Robert de Grantmesnil, son of “Hugo de Grentemaisnilio” and his wife, married thirdly “Luciam Savarici filii Cani filiam[636].  Given the likely chronology of Robert´s wife Agnes, it is probable that Lucy was his second rather than his first wife.  m as his [second] wife, ROBERT de Grantmesnil, son of HUGUES de Grantmesnil & his wife Adelisa [Aelis] de Beaumont-sur-Oise (-1 Jun [1136], bur Saint-Evroul). 

 

 

The reference to Sainte-Suzanne suggests that the following person was related to the family of the vicomtes de Beaumont.  The likelihood is that he was the son of Hubert de Beaumont, son of Hubert Vicomte du Maine and Ermengarde de Nevers, who is recorded as holding lands in England during the reign of King Henry I.  The fact that he held two of the knights´ fees previously held by Robert Malet (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY) may indicate a family relationship, possibly that he was the husband or son (the latter being more likely from a chronological point of view) of Robert´s daughter. 

1.         HUBERT de Sainte-Suzanne (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Malet" used to hold ten knights´ fees from the abbot of Glastonbury in Somerset "tempore Regis Henrici" (presumably indicating King Henry I) and that "Hubertus de Sancta Susanna" now held two of these and "Willelmus Malech" now held twelve[637]

 

 

RAOUL [VI] de Beaumont, son of HUBERT Vicomte du Maine et de Beaumont & his wife Ermengarde de Nevers (-14 Jan [1120/25], bur Etival).  "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…", and adding that "post mortem patris in tempore quadragesimo…Radulfus cum matre Ermingarde et fratre Huberto Cennomannis" confirmed the donation[638].  "Hucbertus…Cenomannensium vicecomes" confirmed the possession of the chapel of Saint-Aubin at Lude by the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, with the consent of "Hermengardis vicecomitisse, Radulfi, Herberti, Guillelmi, Dionisii", by charter dated to [1090][639]Vicomte de Beaumont, de Fresnay et de Sainte-Suzanne.  "Radulfus vicecomes" restored "canonicatum Frederniaci castri" to Angers Saint-Aubin by charter dated to [1082/1107][640].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "XVII Kal Feb" of "R[adulfus] vicecomes Bellimontis"[641].    

m (1095) --- de Laval, daughter of [GUY [II] Sire de Laval] & his [first/second] wife [---/Denise de Mortain].  A charter of the monks of Saint-Vincent du Mans dated 24 May 1095 records the donation by "bonæ memoriæ Huberti vicecomitis…filius…Radulfus", adding that this was the year in which he married "sororem Widonis de Valle"[642].  In that year Guy [II] is recorded as Sire de Laval.  However, he would then have been too old to have had a sister of marriageable age, assuming that the 11 Nov 1039 charter in which he is named is correctly dated.  It is therefore more likely that the wife of Raoul [VII] Vicomte du Maine was the daughter not sister of Guy [II].  It is also possible that the charter in question was written later than 1095.  If that is correct, Guy [III] may by then have been sire de Laval and Raoul´s wife could have been described as "sororem Widonis de Valle" to indicate the current sire de Laval rather than the sire de Laval when she married.  If Raoul´s wife was the daughter of Guy [II], she must have been born from either his first or second marriage. 

Raoul [VI] & his wife had six children: 

1.         ROSCELIN de Beaumont (-[1176]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   He succeeded his father as Vicomte de Beaumont.  "Roscelinus vicecomes Bellimontis…cum Radulpho fratre suo" donated revenue from a mill to the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, for "filiis suis Richardo et Guillelmo", by charter dated 1156[643].  "Rosselinus vicecomes Cenomannus…et Richardus filius eius" donated property to Cluny, with the support of "Constantia vicecomitissa", by charter dated 1173[644]m CONSTANCE [Mathilde], illegitimate daughter of HENRY I King of England & his mistress ---.  Robert of Torigny names "Mathildem filiam notham primi Henrici regis Anglorum" as wife of "Roscelini vicecomitis Cenomannensis"[645].  Orderic Vitalis records the marriage of Roscelin Vicomte du Mans and Constance illegitimate daughter of King Henry I[646].  "Rosselinus vicecomes Cenomannus…et Richardus filius eius" donated property to Cluny, with the support of "Constantia vicecomitissa", by charter dated 1173[647].  Roscelin & his wife had four children: 

a)         RICHARD [I] de Beaumont (-after 1199, bur Etival).  Robert of Torigny names "Ricardum…et Guillermum" as children of "Roscelini vicecomitis Cenomannensis" & his wife[648].  "Roscelinus vicecomes Bellimontis…cum Radulpho fratre suo" donated revenue from a mill to the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, for "filiis suis Richardo et Guillelmo", by charter dated 1156[649].  "Roscelinus vicecomes Cenomannis et Sancte Suzanne" donated "basilicam de Ponto Novo…supra Sartam" to Cluny by charter dated [1161/72] which names "Ricardus filius eius"[650].  He succeeded his father as Vicomte de Beaumont.  "Ricardus vicecomes Sancte Susanne" granted rights to the hospice of Raillon, with the consent of "Lucie uxoris mee et Radulfi filii mei", by charter dated to [1165/77][651]m (before 1177) LUCIE de Laigle, daughter of RICHER [II] Seigneur de Laigle & his wife Edelina --- (-1 Apr after 1217).  "Ricardus vicecomes Sancte Susanne" granted rights to the hospice of Raillon, with the consent of "Lucie uxoris mee et Radulfi filii mei", by charter dated to [1165/77][652].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Radulfus vicecomes Sancte Suzanne" donated the chapel of Raillon to the abbey of Angers Saint-Aubin, for the soul of "patris mei Richardi", with the consent of "matre mea Lucia vicecomitissa", by charter dated to [1200][653].  "Lucia vicecomitissa Sancte Suzanne" donated property to Notre-Dame de la Trappe for the soul of "domini R viri mei" with the consent of "R vicecomitis Belli Montis filii sui" by charter dated 1208[654].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "Kal Apr" of "matris prime uxoris comitis Alani fundatoris nostri" [Alain [I] d´Avaugour, husband of Lucie´s daughter Petronille, see below][655].  Richard [I] & his wife had seven children: 

i)          RAOUL [VII] de Beaumont (-13 Apr [1238/39]).  "Ricardus vicecomes Sancte Susanne" granted rights to the hospice of Raillon, with the consent of "Lucie uxoris mee et Radulfi filii mei", by charter dated to [1165/77][656]Vicomte de Beaumont et de Sainte-Suzanne.  "Radulfus vicecomes Sancte Suzanne" granted rights to the hospice of Raillon by charter dated to [1200][657].  "Radulfus vicecomes Sancte Suzanne" donated the chapel of Raillon to the abbey of Angers Saint-Aubin, for the soul of "patris mei Richardi", with the consent of "matre mea Lucia vicecomitissa", by charter dated to [1200][658].  "Lucia vicecomitissa Sancte Suzanne" donated property to Notre-Dame de la Trappe for the soul of "domini R viri mei" with the consent of "R vicecomitis Belli Montis filii sui" by charter dated 1208[659].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "Id Apr" of "Radulphus vicecomes de Bellomonte frater Guillelmi…episcopi Andegavensis"[660]m (before 1212) AGNES, daughter of --- (-30 Aug before 1218, bur Etival).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Raoul [VII] & his wife had four children: 

(a)       RAOUL de Beaumont (-young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

(b)       RICHARD [II] de Beaumont (-17 Sep 1242)Ricardus, Radulfi vicecomitis Sancte Susanne primogenitus" swore homage for "castella de Ambazia et de Monterichardi…de Fresneio, de Bellomonte et de Sancta Susanna, salva vita patris mei", and refers to "omnes illos, qui mihi debent hominagia de escheeta que mihi accidit ex parte uxoris mee, de terra Ambazie et Montistrichardi", by charter dated [11/30] Apr 1221[661]Seigneur de Chaumont et de Montrichard 1222.  Sire d'Amboise 1228.  Vicomte de Beaumont.  "Ricardus de Bellomonte et Matildis uxor eius" confirmed the donation by "matris et domine Isabelle…comitisse Carnotensis" to the abbey of Lieu-Notre-Dame-lès-Romorantin by charter dated 1232[662].  Vicomte de Sainte-Suzanne 1235.  m (before [11/30] Apr 1221) MATHILDE d'Amboise Dame d'Amboise et de Montrichard, daughter of SULPICE [IV] Sire d'Amboise & his wife Isabelle de Blois Ctss de Chartresd (-12 May 1256).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   "Ricardus de Bellomonte et Matildis uxor eius" confirmed the donation by "matris et domine Isabelle…comitisse Carnotensis" to the abbey of Lieu-Notre-Dame-lès-Romorantin by charter dated 1232[663].  Ctss de Chartres 1250.  She married secondly as his second wife, Jean de Nesle Comte de Soissons, who succeeded as Comte de Chartres, Sire d'Amboise. 

(c)       GUILLAUME de Beaumont (-[1241/42]).  "Guillelmus de Bello Monte miles" confirmed the donation by "Rodulphus vicecomes Belli Montis pater meus" to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-de-la-Cour du Mans by charter dated to 12 Aug 1237[664]

(d)       AGNES de Beaumont (-28 Nov after 1304, bur Etival).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Heiress of Beaumont.  Pope Nicholas IV granted dispensation for the continued marriage of “John [error for Louis?] de Beaumund layman and Agnes his wife, who intermarried in ignorance that they were related in the fourth degree of kindred and have sons” and declared “their past and future offspring legitimate”, dated 26 Apr 1287[665]m (12 Feb 1253) LOUIS de Brienne dit d'Acre, son of JEAN de Brienne King of Jerusalem & his third wife Infanta doña Berenguela de Castilla y León (-after 1 Sep 1297).  He succeeded as Vicomte de Beaumont, de iure uxoris

ii)         GUILLAUME de Beaumont (-2 Sep 1240).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Bishop of Angers 1202. 

iii)        RICHARD de Beaumont (-before 1202, bur Marmoutier).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

iv)       GEOFFROY de Beaumont .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

v)        CONSTANCE de Beaumont (-2 Oct 1236 or after).  “Rogerus de Tony” donated property to Flamstead Abbey, Hertfordshire, for the souls of “…uxoris meæ Constantiæ”, by undated charter[666].  King John confirmed the grant of "Aielrichescote…in Devonia in parochia de Sustauton", made by King Henry I to "Constancie filie sue et avie…predicte Constancie in liberum maritagium", to "Constancie de Toen filie Ric vic de Bellomonte consanguinee nostre" by charter dated 22 Sep 1199[667].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Constancia de Touny" held "manerium de Suthtaut" in Devon, which King Henry I had granted to "Roscelino de Bello Monte in maritagium cum Constancia filia sua", adding that later "Ricardus de Bello Monte filius Roscelini" had granted the manor to "Rogero de Tony in maritagium cum Constancia filia sua"[668].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "VI Non Oct" of "Constantia de Togné soror Guillelmi de Bellomonte episcopi nostri et mater Richardi de Togné thesaurarius nostri"[669]m (before 22 Sep 1199) ROGER [IV] Seigneur de Tosny, son of RAOUL [V] Seigneur de Tosny & his wife Marguerite de Beaumont of Leicester (-after 29 Dec 1208). 

vi)       ERMENGARDE de Beaumont (-11 Feb 1233, bur Balmerino Abbey, Fife).  Benedict of Peterborough records that "Ricardus vicecomes de Bellomonte et uxor sua…filiam" brought their daughter to be married to "Willelmo regis Scotiæ" at "Wdestoke Non Sep…1186"[670].  The Chronicle of Melrose records the marriage in 1186 of "William king of the Scots" and "a relation of Henry king of England…Ermengarda…daughter of the count of Beaumont who was the son of the daughter of the elder son of William the Bastard"[671].  The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records the death of "Queen Ermengarde" in 1233 and her burial at "the abbey of St Edward of Balmurinath"[672].  The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records the death "III Id Feb", 47 years after her marriage, of "Edmergerda regina Scocia" and her burial "apud Balmurynot" which she had founded[673]m (Woodstock Palace, Oxford 5 Sep 1186) WILLIAM "the Lion" King of Scotland, son of HENRY of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland & his wife Ada de Warenne (1143-Stirling 4 Dec 1214, bur Arbroath Abbey). 

vii)      PETRONILLE de Beaumont (-19 Aug [1203]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Saint-Rion, with the consent of "P. uxoris mee, Ste. et Con. fratrum meorum", by charter dated to [1184/86][674].  A charter dated Jul 1219 records donations to Beauport abbey made by "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" dated “anno quo rex Ricardus promotus fuit in regem” [1189] witnessed by “...domina Petronilla uxor domini Alani, Aliena sponsa domini Conani[675].  "Alanus, dominus de Goellou, Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, for the souls of "Henrici comitis patris mei et Mathildis matris mee…", with the consent of "P. uxoris mee et Stephani et Conani fratrum meorum", by charter dated 1202[676].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "XIV Kal Aug" of "Petronille comitisse; Merhaute prime uxoris fundatoris nostri"[677]m (before 1186) ALAIN [I] d'Avaugour Comte de Tréguier et de Penthièvre, son of HENRI de Bretagne Comte de Tréguier & his wife Mathilde de Vendôme (-29 Dec 1212). 

b)         GUILLAUME de Beaumont .  Robert of Torigny names "Ricardum…et Guillermum" as children of "Roscelini vicecomitis Cenomannensis" & his wife[678].  "Roscelinus vicecomes Bellimontis…cum Radulpho fratre suo" donated revenue from a mill to the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, for "filiis suis Richardo et Guillelmo", by charter dated 1156[679]m --- de Rieux, daughter and heiress of ROLAND de Rieux & his wife ---.  Robert of Torigny names "Ricardum…et Guillermum" as children of "Roscelini vicecomitis Cenomannensis" & his wife, stating that Henry II King of England arranged the marriage of Guillaume and "in Brittania filiam Rolandi de Reus cum terra ipsius"[680]. 

c)         RAOUL de Beaumont (-13 Mar 1197).  Robert of Torigny records that "Radulfus frater vicecomitis de Bello Monte cognatus germanus Henrici regis Anglorum" was elected Bishop of Angers in 1179[681]Bishop of Angers 1177.  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "III Id Mar" of "Radulphus de Bellomonte…Andegavensis episcopus"[682]

d)         CONSTANCE de Beaumont .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   1194. 

2.         RAOUL de Beaumont (-after 1156).  "Roscelinus vicecomes Bellimontis…cum Radulpho fratre suo" donated revenue from a mill to the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, for "filiis suis Richardo et Guillelmo", by charter dated 1156[683]

3.         GERVAIS de Beaumont .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   1112. 

4.         GODEHILDIS de Beaumont .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Nun at La Charité. 

5.         TIPHANIE de Beaumont .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   1154/1160.  Abbess of La Charité. 

6.         GUILLAUME de Beaumont .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   1163. 

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de BEAUMONT (BRIENNE)

 

 

LOUIS de Brienne "d'Acre", son of JEAN de Brienne King of Jerusalem & his third wife Infanta doña Berenguela de Castilla y León (-after 1 Sep 1297).  The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records in 1244 that Jean Emperor of Constantinople sent "ses trois fils, Alphonse, Jean et Louis, encore enfants" to Louis IX King of France[684].  He succeeded as Vicomte de Beaumont, de iure uxoris

m (12 Feb 1253) AGNES de Beaumont, daughter of RAOUL [VIII] Vicomte de Beaumont-au-Maine & his wife Agnes de Beaumont (-28 Nov after 1304, bur Etival).  Heiress of Beaumont.  Pope Nicholas IV granted dispensation for the continued marriage of “John [error for Louis?] de Beaumund layman and Agnes his wife, who intermarried in ignorance that they were related in the fourth degree of kindred and have sons” and declared “their past and future offspring legitimate”, dated 26 Apr 1287[685]

Louis & his wife had seven children: 

1.         JEAN de Beaumont (-1306, bur Etival)Vicomte de Beaumontm firstly (26 Sep 1285) JEANNE de la Guerche, daughter of GEOFFROY Seigneur de la Guerche & his wife Emma Dame de Château-Gonthier (-after 19 Jan 1290).  Dame de la Guerche, de Poëncy, et de Château-Gonthier.  The marriage contract of “Philippe...Rois de France...Robert de Beaumont son neveu...Jehan de Beaumont chevalier pere dudit Robert” and “damoiselle Marie de Craon” is dated Aug 1299, recording that “Jehanne de Poencé jadis mere dudit Robert et fame audit Jehan” had bequeathed all her inheritance to her husband[686]m secondly (contract 22 Jun 1305) as her second husband, MATHILDE Berthout Dame de Chantocé, widow of MAURICE [V] Sire de Craon, daughter of WALTER [VI] Berthout Heer van Mechelen & his wife Marie d'Auvergne (-28 Sep 1306, bur Angers).  Jean & his first wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT de Beaumont (-20 Sep 1327).  Ménage names "Robert, Isabelle femme de Geoffroi d´Ancenis, et Anne femme de Païen de Chourches" as the children of "Janne de la Guerche...[et] Jan de Brienne de Beaumont I du nom Viconte de Beaumont et de la Flèche" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[687]Vicomte de Beaumont

-        see below

b)         ISABELLE de Beaumont .  Ménage names "Robert, Isabelle femme de Geoffroi d´Ancenis, et Anne femme de Païen de Chourches" as the children of "Janne de la Guerche...[et] Jan de Brienne de Beaumont I du nom Viconte de Beaumont et de la Flèche" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[688]m GEOFFROY d´Anceny, son of ---. 

c)         ANNE de Beaumont ([1290]-after 1323).  Ménage names "Robert, Isabelle femme de Geoffroi d´Ancenis, et Anne femme de Païen de Chourches" as the children of "Janne de la Guerche...[et] Jan de Brienne de Beaumont I du nom Viconte de Beaumont et de la Flèche" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[689].  Cars & Ledru record that “Amete de Beaumont dame de Clinchamp veuve de Payen de Sourches chevalier” brought a lawsuit “en son nom et en celui de ses enfants” against “Guiart de Manchecourt” dated 1323[690]m PAYEN de Sourches Seigneur de Clinchamp, son of --- (-before 1323). 

2.         LOUIS de Beaumont (-25 Sep 1333).  "Ludovicus filius vicecomitis Bellimontis" took possession of a house in the chapter of the bishopric of Mans 27 Aug 1281[691].  Pope Nicholas IV granted dispensation to “Lewis son of Lewis Beaumont, kinsman of Queen Eleanor, aged 20 [presumably an error] to hold one benefice...together with canonries and prebends of Salisbury, Le Mans, Tork, Wells and Northon, in the diocese of Durham”, dated 30 Sep 1291[692].  Bishop of Durham. 

3.         MARGUERITE de Brienne (-9 Apr 1328, bur Abbaye de Maubuisson).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite la fille de Louis de Beaumont" as wife of Prince Bohémond[693].  The marriage contract between "Boemundi VII principis Antiocheni et comitis Tripolitani" and "domicella Margarita filia quondam Lodoyci vicecomitis Bellimontis, filii quondam regis Johannis Hierosolymitani" is recorded in the charter dated 20 Jan 1278 at "castro Ovi prope Neapolim"[694].  The necrology of Maubuisson records the death "V Id Apr" of "domina Margareta de Beaumont quondam Antiochie principissa"[695]m (contract Naples 2 Jan 1278) BOHEMOND VII Count of Tripoli and titular Prince of Antioch, son of BOHEMOND VI Prince of Antioch & his wife Sibylle of Armenia (1260-19 Oct 1287). 

4.         MARIE (-18 Mar 1328, bur Guingamp).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death “die veneris ante festum B. Gregorii” 1328 of “domina Maria de Belomonte domina de Avalgoria...fuerat uxor domini Henrici de Avaugour” and her burial “in...convento fratrum minorum de Guengampo[696].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "XV Kal Apr" in 1328 of "Marie de Baumont uxoris domini Henrici d´Avalgor filii Alani fundatoris nostri"[697]m (before 27 Apr 1283) HENRI [III] d'Avaugour Seigneur de Mayenne, son of ALAIN d'Avaugour Baron de Mayenne Vicomte de Dinan & his wife Clémence de Dinan (-11 Feb or Nov 1301, bur Dinan). 

5.         ISABELLE (-before 1 Nov 1334).  “Henry de Bello Monte Earl of Buchan [Boghane] and Murref and Constable of Scotland and Isabella, who was the wife of Dom. John de Vescy” issued an undated charter which recites earlier donations to Bridlington priory[698].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 2 Apr "17 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vescy” name “William de Vescy his brother aged 40 and more is his next heir...Lady Agnes de Vescy his mother...William de Vescy the said John´s father...Isabel his wife[699]m ([3 Jan 1279/26 Dec 1280]) as his second wife, JOHN de Vescy Lord of Alnwick, son of WILLIAM de Vescy & his second wife Agnes de Ferrers of Derby (18 Jul 1244-Montpellier 10 Feb 1289, bur Alnwick Abbey). 

6.         JEANNE de Beaumont (-1323, bur Abbaye de Clermont).  Dame de Loué.  m (contract 11 Nov 1286) as his second wife, GUY [VIII] Sire de Laval et de Vitré, son of GUY [VII] de Montmorency Sire de Laval & his first wife Philippa de Vitré ([1240]-L'Isle-Jourdain 22 Aug 1295, bur Abbaye de Clermont). 

7.         HENRY de Beaumont (-before 10 Mar 1340).  Lord Beaumont 1309.  Constable of England 1322.  He was summoned to parliament in England in 1334 as Earl of Buchan, although this was never recognised in Scotland. 

-        LORDS BEAUMONT, VISCOUNTS BEAUMONT

 

 

ROBERT de Beaumont, son of JEAN de Beaumont Vicomte de Beaumont & his first wife Jeanne de la Guerche (-20 Sep 1327).  Ménage names "Robert, Isabelle femme de Geoffroi d´Ancenis, et Anne femme de Païen de Chourches" as the children of "Janne de la Guerche...[et] Jan de Brienne de Beaumont I du nom Viconte de Beaumont et de la Flèche" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[700]Vicomte de Beaumont

m MARIE de Craon, daughter of MAURICE [V] Sire de Craon & his wife Mathilde Berthout van Mechelen (-21 Aug 1322).  The marriage contract of “Philippe...Rois de France...Robert de Beaumont son neveu...Jehan de Beaumont chevalier pere dudit Robert” and “damoiselle Marie de Craon” is dated Aug 1299, recording that “Jehanne de Poencé jadis mere dudit Robert et fame audit Jehan” had bequeathed all her inheritance to her husband[701].

Robert & his wife had children: 

1.         JEAN [II] de Beaumont (1302-before 21 Jan 1355, bur Mélinais)Vicomte de Beaumontm firstly ISABELLE d´Harcourt, daughter of JEAN Seigneur d´Harcourt & his wife Alix de Brabant.  m secondly (contract 31 Dec 1330) MARGUERITE de Poitiers, daughter of AYMAR [V] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois & his second wife Sibylle de Baux (-Feb 1380, bur Mélinais).  The marriage contract between "[le] Vicomte de Beaumont" and "Marguerite de Poitiers" is dated 31 Dec 1330[702].  The testament of "dominus Aimarus de Pictavia Comes Valentinensis et Diensis", dated 12 Aug 1339, makes bequests to "...Poliæ filiæ suæ consorti Vicecomitis Podonniaci...Margaritæ filiæ suæ Vicecomitissæ Bellimontis...Agathæ filiæ suæ consorti Ainardi de Claromonte...Helienos filiæ suæ consorti domini Bermundi de Vouta...Catherinæ filiæ suæ consorti Thomacii Carreto Marquesii Saonensis...Iohannæ filiæ suæ...Margaretæ nepti suæ filiæ...primogeniti sui Ludovici...Guillelmo filio suo monacho Cluniacensi, Priorique de Caritate...Othoni filio suo...Aimaretus filius suus, Henrico filio suo, Karolo filio suo"[703]Letters dated 21 Feb 1355 record the division of territories agreed between "dame Marguerite de Poitiers tant en son nom que comme ayant le bail de Loys Vicomte de Beaumont son fils" and "dame Jeanne de Bauçay veuve de feu Messire Geofroy de Beaumont sire du Lude"[704]An order dated 25 Apr 1374 records an agreement between "Pierre Comte d´Alençon Vicomte de Beaumont et Marie sa femme" and "dame Marguerite de Poitiers veuve de feu Jehan Vicomte de Beaumont" regarding properties[705].  Jean [II] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         MARIE de Beaumont (-1372).  Dame de Beaumont-le-Vicomte, de Fresnay, d´Argentan, de Nogent-le-Rotrou, de Sainte-Suzanne, de la Flèche, de Châteaugonthier et de Poëncy.  m (before 1340) GUILLAUME de Chamaillart Seigneur d´Anthenaise et de Sourches, son of --- (-1391). 

Jean [II] & his second wife had children: 

b)         LOUIS [II] de Beaumont (-killed in battle Cocherel 23 May 1364, bur Chartreuse de Notre-Dame du Parc, Maine)Vicomte de Beaumontm (Lyon 31 Nov 1362) as her first husband, ISABELLE de Bourbon, daughter of JACQUES I de Bourbon [Capet] Comte de La Marche & his wife Jeanne de Châtillon-sur-Marne Dame de Leuze et de Condé (1340-1371 before Sep, bur Notre-Dame du Parc).  She married secondly (1364) Bouchard [X] Comte de Vendôme et de Castres. 

c)         MARGUERITE de Beaumont (-after 1373).  A charter dated 20 Aug 1382 records that “Dame Marguerite de Beaumont” was “femme en premiere nopces de Monsieur Bouchard de Vendosme”, by whom she had “Monsieur Jehan de Vendosme Sire de Froullet, fils aisné principal héritier”, and married secondly “Messire Jehan Gaudin chevalier” by whom she has “entr´autres Monsieur Robert Gausdin fils aisné de ce second lit[706]m firstly BOUCHARD de Vendôme Seigneur de Feuillet et de Segré, son of BOUCHARD [VII] Comte de Vendôme & his wife Alix de Bretagne (-after 6 Mar 1373).  m secondly JEAN Gaudin, son of ---. 

2.         GEOFFROY de Beaumont (-before 1355).  Seigneur de Lude.  m as her first husband, JEANNE de Baussay, daughter and heiress of HUGUES Seigneur de Baussay & his wife Alix de Doncelles (-Mar 1402).  She married secondly Charles d´Artois, who was invested as Comte de Longueville on his marriage.  She succeeded her father before 31 Aug 1357 as Dame de Baussay [en-Loudunois] et de Champigny-sur-Veude.  She sold her lands to Louis Duc d'Anjou. 

3.         JEANNE de Beaumont (-after 23 Oct 1347)m (contract Oct 1331) JEAN d´Amboise Seigneur de Chaumont, son of --- (-[28 Aug 1346/23 Oct 1347]). 

4.         MARGUERITE de Beaumont m (17 May 1338) BERNARD Vicomte de Ventadour, son of EBLES [VIII] Vicomte de Ventadour & his wife Marguerite de Montpensier (-2 May after 1390).  Comte de Ventadour 1350. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    SEIGNEURS de MAYENNE

 

 

The undated charter quoted below records that the castle of Ma yenne was granted to Geoffroy by Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou, therefore before the count´s death in 1040. 

 

 

1.         HAMON, son of --- (-after 1014).  "Hugo Cenomannensis comes" donated property to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel by charter dated 1014, witnessed by "Roscelini vicecomitis, Hameli de Leido Castello, Haymonis de Medano, Herberti fratris comitis, Droci filii Milonis, Odilarii Drudi"[707]m ---.  The name of Hamon´s wife is not known.  Hamon & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFROY [I] de Mayenne .  "Gaufridus, Haimonis filius" approved the donation by "Cleopas, Malranni de Noviastro filius" to Saint-Vincent du Mans "in foreste sua de Burceio", adding that he had received "castrum Medane" from "Fulconis Andegavini comitis"[708], which dates this charter to before 1040.  Seigneur de Mayennem ---.  The name of Geoffroy's wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had one child: 

i)          GAUTHIER [I] de Mayenne ([1020/30]-).  "Gautherius filius Gaufridi de Meduana" witnessed a charter dated to [6 Dec 1047/31 Aug 1055][709]Seigneur de Mayennem (before [1046/47]) ADELINE, daughter of ---.  "Galterii filii Gaufredi de Meduana, Adeline uxoris eiusdem Gauterii" subscribed a charter dated to [14 May 1046/14 May 1047], under which the church of Saint-Constancien, Javron was donated to Tours Saint-Julien[710].  Assuming that the dates of these two charters are correct, it is chronologically impossible for them to refer to Gauthier [II] de Mayenne and his wife Aline, parents of Mathilde duchess of Burgundy (see below). 

 

 

The parents of the brothers Geoffroy [II] and Hugues de Mayenne have not been satisfactorily identified.  It is chronologically improbable that Geoffroy [II] was the same person as Geoffroy [I] Seigneur de Mayenne.  It is more likely that the brothers were sons of Geoffroy [I], younger brothers of Gauthier [I], but this is speculation. 

 

1.         GEOFFROY [II] de Mayenne (-[May/Dec] 1098)Seigneur de Mayenne.  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "Geffroy sire de Maienne" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[711].  Comte du Maine 1070/71, as the lover of Gersende Ctss du Maine.  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that "Atho marchisius" left Maine in the hands of "Gaufridi de Meduana", also naming "uxor eiusdem marchisii Garcendis…filia Herberti Cenomannorum…comitis…Evigila Canem" and specifying that she had married firstly "Theobaldo duci Campanie" and that he had repudiated her[712].  The same source comments that "Gaufredi de Meduana" was "tutor et quasi maritus", implying that Gersende was his mistress.  "Goffridus…de Meduana" founded "ecclesiam in honore…confessoris Christi Nicolai" at "castro suo…Carcer" [La Chartre] and placed there the monks of La Trinité de Vendôme, by charter dated 1092[713]m firstly (before 1059) as her second husband, MATHILDE d'Alluyes, widow of GUILLAUME [I] Goët Seigneur de Montmirail, daughter of GAUTHIER d'Alluyes & his wife --- (-after 1079).  Her two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/60] under which "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis"[714]m secondly HILDEBERGE de Cornouaïlle, daughter of HOËL Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Havise de Bretagne.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Mistress: ([1070/71]) GERSENDE du Maine, daughter of HERIBERT [I] "Euigilans Canis/Eveille-chien" Comte du Maine & his wife --- ([1025/35]-).  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that "Atho marchisius" left Maine in the hands of "Gaufridi de Meduana", also naming "uxor eiusdem marchisii Garcendis…filia Herberti Cenomannorum…comitis…Evigila Canem" and specifying that she had married firstly "Theobaldo duci Campanie" and that he had repudiated her[715].  The same source comments that "Gaufredi de Meduana" was "tutor et quasi maritus", implying that Gersende was his mistress.  Guillaume de Poitou records that "Galterium Medantinum comitem" married "soror Hugonis"[716].  Geoffroy & his [first] wife had three children: 

a)         HAMELIN de Mayenne (-before 1098).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/60] under which "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis"[717]

b)         GAUTHIER [II] de Mayenne (-in Italy after 18 Dec 1116).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/60] under which "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis"[718].  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis names "Gaufridus, filius Gaufridi de Meduana" when recording that he was in Apulia[719].  The same source comments that "Gaufredi de Meduana" was "tutor et quasi maritus", implying that Gersende was his mistress.  Seigneur de Mayenne.  "…Gualterii de Meduana" witnessed a charter dated to [1087/94] under which Robert son of William I King of England donated property to Holy Trinity, Caen[720].  He participated in the First Crusade 1096/1098[721], although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][722].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn, including donations by "…Walteri de Meduana et uxoris sue et filiorum suorum Hamelini et Juhelli…" of property "in ecclesia de Muscampis…de Burceio…et…de Troitemer…", by charter dated to [1155/57][723]m ADELINE, daughter of ---.  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][724].  According to Kerrebrouck[725], she was "de Baugency".  In Europäische Stammtafeln[726], she is "de Presles".  The basis for these suppositions is not known.  "Juhellus Goualterii filius, dominus castelli Meduanæ…matre mea Adelina et sorore Felicia" organised the transfer of the monks of Saint-Martin to Mayenne castle, for the souls of "Gaufredi…avi mei et Gualterii patris mei…Hamelini fratris mei", by charter dated 1144, witnessed by "…Hugo de Lavalle…"[727].  The necrology of Beaune names "Aelina" as mother of Mathilde, wife of Hugues II Duke of Burgundy[728].  Gauthier & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          HAMELIN de Mayenne (-[1119]).  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][729].  "Radulfus Filgeriensis" with "his wife Avitia" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Savigny by charter dated 7 Mar 1113, subscribed by "…Hamelinus Meduanensis, Johellus frater eius"[730]Seigneur de Mayenne.  Seigneur de Gorron d'Ambrières et de Châteauneuf, which he exchanged with Henry I King of England for South Petherton, Somerset and Black Torrington and Nimet, Devon[731].  "Rotbertus miles de Sancto Dionisio" confirmed the donation of property to Mont-Saint-Michel by "pater meus Rotbertus Sancti Dionisii", agreeing to obtain the consent of "Hamelino de Meduana domino meo" by charter dated 1116, signed by "Juhellis fratris Hamelini Meduani"[732]

ii)         JUHEL [I] de Mayenne (-23 Dec 1161, bur Evroux).  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][733].  He succeeded his brother in [1119] as Seigneur de Mayenne

-         see below

iii)        MATHILDE de Mayenne (-Beaune, Côte-d'Or or château de Méduan, near Magny-lès-Villers 8 Feb after 1162, bur Notre Dame de Beaune).  As "domina Mathildis de Meduana" she is named as the wife of Duke Hugues in three charters, and the necrology of Beaune names her mother "Aelina"[734].  "Hugo Burgundie dux" donated property to Saint-Bénigne-de-Dijon by charter dated [1113/19] which names "Mathilde coniugis mei et filio mei Oddonis"[735].  “Hugo dux Burgundiæ” donated land in “Flagit et Verne” to Vergy Saint-Vincent, with the consent of “uxore sua Mathilde cum omnibus filiis suis Odone, Hugone, Roberto, Henrico, Raimundo, Walterio”, by charter dated 20 Oct 1131[736].  "Henricus Eduensis ecclesie presul" donated property to Grosbois abbey and founded an anniversary for "fratrisque sui Raimundi consulis" by charter dated 28 Jun 1156 witnessed by "Odo dux Burgundie, Maltrix mater eius…"[737].  The necrology of Cîteaux records the death "VI Id Feb" of "Mathildis ducissa Burgundie"[738]m ([1116]) HUGUES II "Borel/le Pacifique" Duke of Burgundy, son of EUDES I "Borel" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Sibylle de Bourgogne-Comté ([1085]-soon after 6 Feb 1143, bur Abbaye de Cîteaux). 

iv)       FELICIE de Mayenne .  "Juhellus Goualterii filius, dominus castelli Meduanæ…matre mea Adelina et sorore Felicia" organised the transfer of the monks of Saint-Martin to Mayenne castle, for the souls of "Gaufredi…avi mei et Gualterii patris mei…Hamelini fratris mei", by charter dated 1144, witnessed by "…Hugo de Lavalle…"[739]

v)        [daughter.  She and her husband are shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[740], but the basis for this is not known.  m (dispensation) --- Comte de Mortagne]. 

c)         HERSENDE (-before [1070]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/60] under which "Hugo…castri Breietelli possessor in pago Cenomannensi" donated "ecclesiam…in Dunensi pago…Lazellam" to Marmoutier, with the permission of "domine mee Mahildis filie Galterii de Aloia filiorumque ac filiarum eiusdem, quibus patres fuere Guillelmus cognomento Gugetus et Gauffredus de Medana…Willelmi, Hildeburgis et Richildis, item Hamelini, Galterii et Hersendis"[741]

2.         HUGUES de Mayenne (-after 1098).  "Rotbertus" donated property to Mont-Saint-Michel, with the consent of "Gaufredi Medavi castri ducis…Hugone supradicti Gaufridi fratre" by charter dated to [1097/1125][742]m BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-1 Sep ----).  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "Kal Sep" of "Beatrix mater domini Goffridi episcopi iunioris"[743].  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFROY de Mayenne (-19 Feb after 1105).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Mayenne 1075.  He was elected Bishop of Angers 1093, resigned 1095/1101.  He became a monk at Cluny.  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XI Kal Mar" of "Gaufridus Andegavensis episcopus postea Cluniacensis monachus"[744]

 

 

JUHEL [I] de Mayenne, son of GAUTHIER Seigneur de Mayenne & his wife Aline --- (-23 Dec 1161, bur Evroux).  "Walterii de Meduana…[et] uxor eius Adelina et filius eorum Hamelinus…alter filius Juhellus" consented to a donation by "Ruellonius de Gorron, filius Gaufredi" of the church of Brecé to Marmoutier, by charter dated to [1099/1124][745].  "Radulfus Filgeriensis" with "his wife Avitia" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Savigny by charter dated 7 Mar 1113, subscribed by "…Hamelinus Meduanensis, Johellus frater eius"[746].  "Rotbertus miles de Sancto Dionisio" confirmed the donation of property to Mont-Saint-Michel by "pater meus Rotbertus Sancti Dionisii", agreeing to obtain the consent of "Hamelino de Meduana domino meo" by charter dated 1116, signed by "Juhellis fratris Hamelini Meduani"[747].  He succeeded his brother in [1119] as Seigneur de Mayenne.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Joheli de Meduana" in Middlesex[748].  Seigneur de Gorron d'Ambrières et de Châteauneuf 1135[749].  "Juhellus Goualterii filius, dominus castelli Meduanæ…matre mea Adelina et sorore Felicia" organised the transfer of the monks of Saint-Martin to Mayenne castle, for the souls of "Gaufredi…avi mei et Gualterii patris mei…Hamelini fratris mei", by charter dated 1144, witnessed by "…Hugo de Lavalle…"[750].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Joheli de Maiena" in Somerset, and "Joheli de Maiena" (twice) under "Nova Placita & Nove Conventiones" in Devonshire[751]

m (before [1126]) CLEMENCE de Ponthieu, daughter of GUILLAUME [I] "Talvas" Comte de Ponthieu et d'Alençon, Sire de Montgommery et de Bellême & his [first wife ---] (-30 Nov before 1189).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Willelmum Talavatium” married “Ala...quæ fuerat antea uxor ducis Burgundiæ” [incorrect], and had “duos filios et totidem filias” of whom “una” married “Iuhello filio Walterii de Meduana[752].  As noted in NORMANDY NOBILITY, the chronology suggests that Clémence was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage of her father.  "Juhello principe Meduane et uxore eius Clementia et filio eorum Gaufrido primogenito" subscribed a charter dated 12 and 26 Jul 1128, under which property was restored to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[753]

Juhel & his wife had seven children: 

1.         GEOFFROY [III] de Mayenne (-18 Feb or 25 Jul 1169).  "Juhello principe Meduane et uxore eius Clementia et filio eorum Gaufrido primogenito" subscribed a charter dated 12 and 26 Jul 1128, under which property was restored to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[754].  He succeeded his father in 1161 as Seigneur de Mayenne.  He went on crusade in 1163[755]m firstly CONSTANCE de Bretagne, daughter of CONAN III Duke of Brittany & his wife Matilda [of England] (-1148).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly ([1161]) as her first husband, ISABELLE de Meulan, daughter of GALERAN de Beaumont-le-Roger Comte de Meulan & his wife Agnes de Montfort Dame de Gournay-sur-Marne (-10 May 1220, bur Savigny).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Her two marriages are confirmed by the undated charter by which her son "Mauritius dominus Credoni" confirmed the donation by "Constantia soror mea" of revenue set by "dominus Juhellus frater meus" at "apud Harperiam" to the abbey of Clarei, by undated charter, witnessed by "…domina Isabel matre mea, domina Gervasia…"[756].  She married secondly ([1170]) Maurice [II] Sire de Craon.  Henry II King of England confirmed a donation to Savigny by "Ysabell filie Gualerandi comitis de Mellento", with the consent of "filiis suis Juhello…filio Gaufridi de Meduana, et Mauricio et Petro, filiis Mauricii de Creon", by charter dated to [Apr 1180/Jan 1183][757].  "…Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauritio et Petro et Philippo de Sauconeio, Paganus de Sancto Amatore, Guillelmi de Vitreio et Mauritius frater eius" witnessed the charter dated 1191 under which "Mauritius de Credone Hugonis filius" confirmed donations to "ecclesiæ de Rota"[758].  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem[759].  The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death in 1220 of "Juhellus de Meduana…domina Isabel mater eius"[760].  The Gesta Guillelmi Majoris Andegavensis Episcopi names “dominis de Credonio…et Isabella Domina de Credonio” among those present at the burial of Bishop Guillaume, undated but stated to be during the reign of Philippe II King of France[761].  The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death in 1220 of "Juhellus de Meduana…domina Isabel mater eius"[762].  Geoffroy and his [first][763] wife had one child: 

a)         MATHILDE de Mayenne .  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1204] under which her son "Theobaldus de Mathefelon" ratified donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "dominus Juhellus de Meduana…avunculus meus"[764].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  "Andreas de Vitreio" donated property to Savigny, for the souls of "patris mei Roberti et matris mee Emme et uxoris mee Mathildis", with the consent of "Mathildis uxor mea et fratres mei Alanus et Robertus", by charter dated to [1173/84][765][766]m firstly as his first wife, ANDRE [I] Seigneur de Vitré, son of ROBERT Seigneur de Vitré & his wife Emma de Dinan.  m secondly THIBAUT de Mathefelon, son of HUGUES de Mathefelon & his wife Elisabeth de Mathefelon (-after 1197). 

b)         CLEMENCE de Mayenne (-before 1209).  "Robertus de Sabolio et Hersent mater eius et Clementia uxor eius et Petrus de Brion" founded the abbey of Bois-Renon by charter dated 1189, which specifies that "Robertus de Sabolio" donated property granted by “Juellus Dominus Meduana vice maritiagii Clementiæ sororis suæ” for the soul of “Clementiæ uxoris suæ[767].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1205 under which her daughter "Margarita domina Sabolii" confirmed donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "avunculi mei domini Juhelli de Meduana"[768].  Douglas Richardson has pointed out that Clémence must have been her father´s daughter by his first marriage, otherwise her granddaughter Jeanne des Roches (daughter of Clémence´s daughter Marguerite de Sablé) would have married her great-uncle (Amaury [I] Sire de Craon, son of Isabelle de Meulan, second wife of Clémence´s father by her second marriage)[769].  Dame d'Angon.  m ROBERT [IV] Sire de Sablé, son of ROBERT [III] Sire de Sablé [Nevers] & his wife Hersende --- (-in Palestine [1195]). 

Geoffroy and his [second] wife had one child: 

c)         JUHEL [II] de Mayenne (-killed in battle 12 or 26 Apr, 2 or 4 May 1220, bur Fontaine-Daniel).  “Juhellus dominus Meduanæ, frater Gaufredi, cuius pater…Juhellus senior” restored property to the monks of Saint-Etienne by undated charter which names “Juhello avo meo[770].  It is suggested that “frater Gaufredi” in this charter is an error, and that Geoffroy was the father not brother of Juhel, otherwise “Juhello avo meo” cannot be identified.  He succeeded his father in 1169 as Seigneur de Mayenne, as a minor until 1183.  He went on Crusade in 1190.  "Juhellus de Meduana" restored property to the monks of Mont, as he was leaving on crusade, by charter dated to [1190][771].  "Juhellus de Meduana" confirmed the donation to Fontaine-Daniel by "Guillelmus de Meduana avunculus meus" for the souls of "Juhelli patris sui et matris suæ Clementiæ et Gaufridi fratris sui, patris mei" by charter dated to [1195][772].  "Juhellus dominus Meduanæ et Dinani…Gervasia uxor mea filia Alani de Dinan…Isabella mater mea" founded the abbey of Fontaine-Daniel by charter dated 19 May 1205[773].  "Juhel seigneur de Mayenne" donated property to the priory of Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "Gervaise sa femme", by charter dated 12 Feb 1207, witnessed by "…Isabelle de Mayenne…"[774].  "Juhellus de Meduana…cum assensu…Gervasie uxoris mee" confirmed the donation of property to Craon Bonshommes made by "Stephanum de Chastelou et eius uxorem" by charter dated 1210[775].  "Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[776].  The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death "VI Kal Mai" in 1220 of "Juhellus de Meduana"[777].  The obituary of Craon Bonshommes records the death 12 Apr of "dominus Juhellus de Meduana dominus Meduane et Dinani fundator prioratus de Monteguidonis", adding that he donated property with the consent of "Gervasie uxoris sue filie et heredis Theobaldi de Dinan"[778]m (before 1189) as her first husband, GERVAISE de Vitré Vicomtesse de Dinan, daughter of ALAIN Sire de Vitré & his wife Clémence de Fougères (-[1235/41]).  "Juhellus dominus Meduanæ et Dinani…Gervasia uxor mea filia Alani de Dinan…Isabella mater mea" founded the abbey of Fontaine-Daniel by charter dated 19 May 1205[779].  "Juhel seigneur de Mayenne" donated property to the priory of Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "Gervaise sa femme", by charter dated 12 Feb 1207, witnessed by "…Isabelle de Mayenne…"[780].  "Juhellus de Meduana…cum assensu…Gervasie uxoris mee" confirmed the donation of property to Craon Bonshommes made by "Stephanum de Chastelou et eius uxorem" by charter dated 1210[781].  "Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[782].  The obituary of Craon Bonshommes records the death 12 Apr of "dominus Juhellus de Meduana dominus Meduane et Dinani fundator prioratus de Monteguidonis", adding that he donated property with the consent of "Gervasie uxoris sue filie et heredis Theobaldi de Dinan"[783].  She married secondly Geoffroy [I] Vicomte de Rohan.  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis…et Margarita uxor mea" renewed a donation of property to the abbey of Bon-Repos by "Gervasia domina Dinani", for the soul of "bone memorie Gaufridi vicecomitis de Rohan quondam mariti sui", by charter dated 1229[784].  She married thirdly (before Jan 1224) Richard Marshal, who succeeded his brother in 1231 as Earl of Pembroke, hereditary Master Marshal.  "Gervasia domina Dinanni" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "heredum meorum Johanne, Isabelis et Margarite" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[785].  "Gervasia domina Dynanni" donated property after the death of "bone memorie Richardi Marischallis, quondam mariti mei" by charter dated 1236[786].  "Gervasia domina de Dynan" confirmed donations of "bone memorie Juhelli de Meduana quondam mariti nostri" by charter dated 1235[787].  Juhel & his wife had three children: 

i)          ISABELLE de Mayenne (-11 Nov 1257).  "Juhel seigneur de Mayenne" donated property to the priory of Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "Gervaise sa femme", by charter dated 12 Feb 1207, witnessed by "…Isabelle de Mayenne…"[788].  "Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[789].  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1267 which records the settlement of a dispute between Robertus de Sancerro miles” and “Joanne comite de Sancerro fratre suo”, after arbitration by “Guillelmum de Calviniaco dominum Castri-Radulphi et Joannem de Claviniaco dominum de Leproso milites”, the document also naming “Ludovicum comitem Sacri-Cesaris defunctum patrem eorum fratrum et Isabellam dominam Meduanæ defunctam quondam uxorem dicti Ludovici[790]She succeeded her father in 1220 as Dame de Mayenne.  "Gervasia domina Dinanni" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "heredum meorum Johanne, Isabelis et Margarite" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[791].  "Isabella uxor Droconis de Melloto, militis, domini de Meduana" ratified a donation to the abbey of Mont by charter dated 1237[792].  "Drocho de Melloto dominus Locharum et Meduanæ et Ysabellis uxor eius hæres et domina Meduanæ" donated property to the abbey of Fontaine-Daniel by charter dated Jun 1243[793].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "V Id Apr" of "Ysabellis domina Meduane"[794]m firstly (before 1218) DREUX de Mello Seigneur de Saint-Maurice-Thizouailles, de Loches et de Châtillon-sur-Indre, son of DREUX [I] de Mello & his second wife Ermengarde --- (after 1172-Cyprus 8 Jan 1249).  "Droco de Melloto dominus Locharum et Meduanæ" donated a serf to Marmoutier by charter dated 1223[795]m secondly (before 1251) as his second wife, LOUIS [I] Comte de Sancerre, son of GUILLAUME [I] Comte de Sancerre [Champagne-Blois] & his second wife Marie de Charenton (-1268). 

ii)         JEANNE de Mayenne (-11 Apr ----).  "Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[796].  "Gervasia domina Dinanni" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "heredum meorum Johanne, Isabelis et Margarite" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[797].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Dame de la Chartre 1233.  Dame de Lassay et de Château-du-Loir 1246.  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "III Id Apr" of "Johanna de Meduana, quondam comitissa Vidoeinensis"[798]m PIERRE Comte de Vendôme, son of JEAN de Montoire Comte de Vendôme & his wife Aiglantine --- (-in Egypt 25 Mar 1249). 

iii)        MARGUERITE de Mayenne (-15 Jan before 1264).  "Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[799].  "Gervasia domina Dinanni" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "heredum meorum Johanne, Isabelis et Margarite" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[800].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1241 under which "Droco de Melloto, Locharam et Meduane dominus" [married to her older sister] wrote to "fratri suo domino Henrico de Avalgor", naming "bone memorie domine Gervasie"[801].  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis…et Margarita uxor mea" renewed a donation of property to the abbey of Bon-Repos by "Gervasia domina Dinani", for the soul of "bone memorie Gaufridi vicecomitis de Rohan quondam mariti sui", by charter dated 1229[802].  “Henricus de Avaugor” records that “castrum meum de Ponte Ursionis” belonged to “me et Margaritam uxorem meam” in a charter dated 2 Sep 1233[803].  "Margarita uxor…Henrici de Avaugor" donated property owned by "domina Gervasia mater mea" to the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois, with the consent of "Alani et Juhelli filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1237[804].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "XVIII Kal Feb" of "domine Margarite uxoris domini Henrici d´Avalgor"[805]m (before 1220) HENRI [II] d'Avaugour ex-Comte de Penthièvre Seigneur de Goëllo, son of ALAIN de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre & his second wife Adélaïde --- ([1205]-6 Oct 1281, bur Dinan). 

2.         GAUTHIER de Mayenne (-before 1191).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records the names of those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[806].  "Walter de Maine" confirmed the donation of land in Perriton to Bruton by undated charter witnessed by "Cecilia comitissa uxore mea…"[807]m (before 1166) as her third husband, CECILY, heiress of Swanscombe, Kent, widow firstly of ROGER FitzMiles of Gloucester Earl of Hereford and secondly of GUILLAUME de Poitou, daughter of PAYN FitzJohn of Ewyas, co. Hereford, Sheriff of Hereford and Shropshire & his wife Sibyl de Lacy (-1207).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Lilleshall Abbey, Shropshire records that “Rogerus comes Hereford” married “vicecomes Paganus…filiam[808].  King Stephen confirmed to "Rogo filio Milonis Gloec et Cecilie uxori sue filie Pag fil Johis" the lands of her father by charter dated to [Dec 1137/May 1138][809].  "Walter de Maine" confirmed the donation of land in Perriton to Bruton by undated charter witnessed by "Cecilia comitissa uxore mea…"[810].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "comitissa Hereford quæ fuit uxor Walteri de Meduana" paying "xiv l x s de scutagio militum de veteri feffamento xxix milites" in Kent[811].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "honor Walteri de Meduana" paying "xxix l, per Ciciliam comitissam Herfordiæ et Willelmum de Monte Kanisio, xxix milites" in Kent[812].  Bracton records a claim in 1232 made by “Warinus de Monte Canisio” against “Adam de Kailly et Mabiliam uxorem eius...Isabellam de Friuilla...Matillidem Giffard” for land “in Luddeduna” inherited from “Cecilia [...comitissa] antecess sua...quia obiit sine herede de se descendit...Agneti...sorori et heredi et quia ipse Willelmus obiit sine herede...de se descendit...isti Warino...fratri et heredi suo”, and that the defendants replied that “Cecilia comitissa” had given the land, which “Willelmus de Pictavia...virum suum” held for one knight´s fee, to “Ricardo Giffard patri predictarum Mabilie et Isabelle...Osbertus filius Ricardi” and that “mortuo predicto Willelmo” Cecilia had married “Walterum de Meinne[813]

3.         HAMELIN de Mayenne .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1150/80. 

4.         GUILLAUME de Mayenne (-before [1195]).  "Guillelmus de Meduna" donated property to Fontaine-Daniel, for the souls of "Juhelli patris sui et matris meæ Clementiæ" by undated charter[814].  "Guillelmus de Meduana" donated property to the monks of Montguion by charter dated 1189[815].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "honor Walteri de Meduana" paying "xxix l, xxix milites" in Kent[816].  "Juhellus de Meduana" confirmed the donation to Fontaine-Daniel by "Guillelmus de Meduana avunculus meus" for the souls of "Juhelli patris sui et matris suæ Clementiæ et Gaufridi fratris sui, patris mei" by charter dated to [1195][817]

5.         GUY .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1158/62. 

6.         JUHEL (-after 1173).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1158/73.  [m (after 1163) as her second husband, MATILDA de Bohun, widow of HENRY d'Oilly, daughter of HUMPHREY de Bohun & his wife Margaret of Hereford ([1140/43]-after 9 Feb 1196).  Her possible second marriage is confirmed by the Feet of Fines which records the judgment dated 9 Feb 1196 in a claim by "Henricus de Bohon…pro Adam de Greiuill" against "Matill de Bohon" concerning land "villa de Waleton…villam de Blakemer" and "in villa de Niweton" given to Matilda "in maritagium quondam Iuhellus de Mee---e"[818].  It is supposed that Matilda was the plaintiff´s aunt, although this is not specifically stated in the document.  It is supposed that the name "de Mee---e" indicates Mayenne, but this is not beyond all doubt.  She married [thirdly] as his second wife, Walter FitzRobert of Little Dunmow, Essex.] 

7.         ALINE (-15 Sep [1180]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU

 

 

1.         HUGUES de Doubleau (-[1030/40])Seigneur de Mondoubleau.  Hugues Doubleau donated the priory of Tuffé to the church of Château-du-Loir by charter dated [1013], subscribed by "Hugonis Cenomannensis civitatis comitis, Avesgaudi episcopi ipsius civitatis…Hugonis ipsius militis qui hoc preceptum fieri iussit, Hugonis filii eius…"[819].  "…Hugonis Dublelli…" witnessed the charter dated to [955/1015] under which "Hugo comes Cenomanensium" donated property to the abbey of Mont[820].  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[821].  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[822]m as her second husband, ADELA, widow of ROGER de la Tour, daughter of FOUCHER "le Riche" de Vendôme & & his wife Hildearde/Adela --- (-[after 1040]).  "Adela, Fulcherii nata, Hugonis femina" donated "in villa…Marcelli terram", with the consent of "meo filio Fulcherio necnon sorore sua Agnete" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1040[823].  "Addela…genitoris mei Fulcherii preclara…Hugonis conjugis mei devota" donated property "in Burziaco" to Saint-Martin by undated charter[824].  Hugues & his wife had eight children: 

a)         EUDES de Doubleau (-after 3 Jun 1040).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[825]Seigneur de Mondoubleau

-        see below

b)         HUGUES de Doubleau (-after Jan 1058).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[826].  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[827].  "Hugo archidiaconus cognomento Dublellus et Odo frater eius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati confessoris" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1040[828].  "Hugo archidiaconus, Odo et Girardus fratres ipsius Hugonis archidiaconi, Hugo nepos eorum…" signed the charter dated 1057 and Jan 1058 which records the sale of property by "Nivelone filio Graulfi", with the consent of "Hugone archidiacono et Hugone nepote suo et sorore eius, filiis Odonis Dublelli, Odone quoque Rufo ipsius Nivelonis domino…[et] uxore etiam et filia ipsius Nivelonis", to La Trinité de Vendôme[829]

c)         HERVE de Doubleau (-[after 1040]).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[830].  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[831]

d)         GEOFFROY de Doubleau (-[after 1040]).  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[832]

e)         GISELBERT de Doubleau (-before [1061]).  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[833].  A charter dated to [1050] records the sale by "Guismando", with the consent of "uxore sua…Emelina…filio eorum…Guismando…nec non Gisleberto fratre Emeline", of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino", and that after the death of Hildiarde "Guismandus filius Guismandi" unjustly claimed the mill[834]m ---.  The name of Giselbert´s wife is not known.  Giselbert & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          [NIHARD .  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061], witnessed by "Hildeardis, Vulgrinus filius eius…"[835]

ii)         [MARIE .  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061][836]

iii)        [ARNOUL .  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061][837]

iv)       [ARCHAMBAUD .  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061][838]

f)          EMMELINE de Doubleau .  A charter dated to [1050] records the sale by "Guismando", with the consent of "uxore sua…Emelina…filio eorum…Guismando…nec non Gisleberto fratre Emeline", of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino", and that after the death of Hildiarde "Guismandus filius Guismandi" unjustly claimed the mill[839]m GUISMAND, son of ---. 

g)         GERARD (-after Jan 1058).  "Hugo archidiaconus, Odo et Girardus fratres ipsius Hugonis archidiaconi, Hugo nepos eorum…" signed the charter dated 1057 and Jan 1058 which records the sale of property by "Nivelone filio Graulfi", with the consent of "Hugone archidiacono et Hugone nepote suo et sorore eius, filiis Odonis Dublelli, Odone quoque Rufo ipsius Nivelonis domino…[et] uxore etiam et filia ipsius Nivelonis", to La Trinité de Vendôme[840].  "Hugo archidiaconus, Girardus et Odo monachi fratres eius, Hugo nepos eorum…" witnessed the charter dated to [1058] which records the sale of "Cormanon cum ecclesia" by "Nivelone filio Graulfi" to La Trinité de Vendôme[841]

h)         EUDES (-after Jan 1058).  "Hugo archidiaconus, Odo et Girardus fratres ipsius Hugonis archidiaconi, Hugo nepos eorum…" signed the charter dated 1057 and Jan 1058 which records the sale of property by "Nivelone filio Graulfi", with the consent of "Hugone archidiacono et Hugone nepote suo et sorore eius, filiis Odonis Dublelli, Odone quoque Rufo ipsius Nivelonis domino…[et] uxore etiam et filia ipsius Nivelonis", to La Trinité de Vendôme[842].  "Hugo archidiaconus, Girardus et Odo monachi fratres eius, Hugo nepos eorum…" witnessed the charter dated to [1058] which records the sale of "Cormanon cum ecclesia" by "Nivelone filio Graulfi" to La Trinité de Vendôme[843].  This second charter confirms that Eudes was a different brother from Eudes Seigneur de Mondoubleau (husband of Placentia de Montoire). 

 

 

1.         GISELBERT (-after [1030]).  It is unlikely that this was the same person as Giselbert, son of Hugues de Mondoubleau, who is shown above.  He is not named as the son of Hugues in the charter which is quoted next, which only names two of the donor´s sons.  This suggests that Hugues´s other two sons, named in the charter dated to before 1040 which is quoted above, were either not born at the time or were too young to be named.  The presence of Giselbert and his son in the charter suggests a close family connection, maybe through the female side of the family.  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[844]m ---.  The name of Giselbert´s wife is not known.  Giselbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         HILGOD (-after [1030]).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[845].  "Hilgodis, Gisleberti filius" required the monks of Marmoutier to make further payments for the church of Naveil by undated charter signed by "Hugo archidiaconus, Hilgodius nepos eius…"[846]

 

 

EUDES de Doubleau, son of HUGUES de Doubleau Seigneur de Mondoubleau & his wife Adela --- (-after 3 Jun 1040).  Eudes Comte de Chartres confirmed the donation to Le Mans Saint-Vincent of the church “in proprio castro, quod ab ipsius cognomine Mons-Dublelli vocatur”, which “fidelium nostrorum Hugo...cognomento Dublellus” had made with the consent of “venerandæ memoriæ Fulbverti Carnotenæ urbis episcopi” for his own soul and those of “filiorum suorum...Hugonis archidiaconi atque Odonis necnon et Hervei”, adding that “tribuit...præfatus Hugo clericis in jam-dicta ecclesia” with the consent of “Gisleberti et Elgaudi eius filii”, by charter dated to [1030], signed by “Odonis comitis, Gaufridi vicecomitis, Hugonis Dublelli, Hugonis archidiaconi, Hervei filii Hugonis, Gisleberti, Elgaudi...[847].  "Hugo" donated property "in pago Vindocinensi…in villa…Buziacus" to Marmoutier, by charter dated to before 1040, signed by "Hugonis archidiaconis filii eius, Odonis filii eius, Hervei filii eius, Gausfredi filii eius, item filii eius Gisleberti…"[848]Seigneur de Mondoubleau.  "Hugo archidiaconus cognomento Dublellus et Odo frater eius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati confessoris" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1040[849].  "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, in the presence of "Haimerico genero Symonis de Lavarzino", by charter dated 3 Jun 1040, which names his son "Hugonis" (adding that he was granted "honorem de Montedublello" by Geoffroy "Martel" Comte d´Anjou after his father died), "Hamelinus de Langeia" (who succeeded after the death of Hugues) and "eius uxor Adriena, soror Hugonis", "Fredescendis filia Odonis Dublelli uxor Nivelongis Pagani, filii Nivelonis de Carnoto" (who wanted to rescind the donation after her husband was killed)[850]

m as her first husband, PLACENTIA de Montoire, daughter of NIHARD de Montoire & his wife ---.  She married secondly Alberic.  A charter dated 5 Dec 1059 records the sale to La Trinité de Vendôme of "ecclesiam...Longa-Ulmus", held by "Hugo Theodelini filius" from "Nihardi de Monte-Aureo", and notes that after the death of "Nihardi" he was succeeded “in honorem” by “Alberico...cum filia eius” whom he had married[851].  A charter dated 10 Mar 1062 records sales to La Trinité de Vendôme with the approval of "Nihardo de Monteaureo" and after his death "unicam filiam...Placentia"[852].  Her parentage is also suggested by "…Mathei de Monte Aureo, Drogonis fratris eius…" witnessing the charter dated to [1067/74], under which [her son-in-law] "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[853].  Her first marriage is indicated by a charter dated 15 Jul 1081 which records the confirmation by "Hamelinus Galterii filius" of the churches of Gombergean and Lancôme by La Trinité de Vendôme with the approval of "Helvisa conjux ipsius, filia Odonis Dublelli quæ nata illi fuerat de uxore sua, filia...Nihardi de Monteaureo"[854].  The chronology of the charters quoted in this section and of her descendants dictates the order of Placentia´s marriages.   

Eudes & his wife had two children: 

1.         HELVISE [Adriana/Hodierna] de Doubleau ([1020/25]-after 15 Mar 1075).  Her parentage and two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated to [1067/74] under which her second husband "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani"[855].  The issue is confused by a charter dated 3 Jun 1040, which records the donation by "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" of "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, states that "Hamelinus de Langeia" succeeded as seigneur de Mondoubleau after the death of Hugues, that "eius uxor Adriena, soror Hugonis" wanted to rescind part of the donation, and that "Fredescendis filia Odonis Dublelli uxor Nivelongis Pagani, filii Nivelonis de Carnoto" wanted to rescind the donation after her husband was killed[856].  If this document is correct, Eudes de Mondoubleau had two daughters, "Adriana" married to Hamelin de Langeais and "Fredescendis" married to Nivelon de Fréteval.  However, the charter dated to [1067/74] quoted above names a single daughter "Helviza" who was the wife of "Pagani", by whom she had "Ilberti", and secondly of Hamelin.  A more remote possibility is that there were two sisters, both of whom married Hamelin in turn.  The question is clarified by the charter dated 15 Mar 1075 which records donations by "Hugo filius Odonis Dublelli" and by "Hamelinus de Langeia", with the consent of "Adierna uxor eius, sororis…Hugonis", and states that Hamelin succeeded "in honorem Hugoni" after the death of the latter[857].  This last document clarifies that Hamelin succeeded to Mondoubleau after returning from Rome which, the wording of the charter implies, was a relatively recent event.  If that is correct, there is insufficient time for Hamelin to have been married to two sisters, given that the supposed second sister was the mother of Ilbert by her former marriage.  The conclusion is therefore that the 3 Jun 1040 charter version of events must be incorrect, that Eudes de Mondoubleau had only one daughter, and that she was referred to as Helvise and Hodierna in different documents.  m firstly NIVELON [II] [Paganus] de Fréteval, son of NIVELON [I] Sire de Fréteval & his wife Ermentrude --- (-killed in battle Fréteval [1042/44]).  m secondly (]1042/44]) HAMELIN de Langeais, son of GAUTHIER de Langeais & his wife Hersende --- (-after [1100]).  Seigneur de Mondoubleau [1073/74]. 

2.         HUGUES de Doubleau ([1030/40]-[1073]).  A charter dated 3 Jun 1040, which records the donation by "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" of "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, records that his son "Hugonis" was granted "honorem de Montedublello" by Geoffroy "Martel" Comte d´Anjou after his father died[858].  The charter dated 15 Mar 1075, quoted below, confirms that Hugues was still a child when his father died.  If this is correct, he must have been much younger than his sister and the questions arises whether they were born from the same marriage.  "Hugo archidiaconus, Odo et Girardus fratres ipsius Hugonis archidiaconi, Hugo nepos eorum…" signed the charter dated 1057 and Jan 1058 which records the sale of property by "Nivelone filio Graulfi", with the consent of "Hugone archidiacono et Hugone nepote suo et sorore eius, filiis Odonis Dublelli, Odone quoque Rufo ipsius Nivelonis domino…[et] uxore etiam et filia ipsius Nivelonis", to La Trinité de Vendôme[859]Seigneur de Montdoubleau.  A charter dated to before 1074 confirms that "Hugo Dublellus junior" was buried at Saint-Vincent du Mans, in the presence of "Herberto filio Hugonis et eius uxore"[860].  A charter dated 15 Mar 1075 records that "Hugo filius Odonis Dublelli", once he was adult, confirmed previous donations to La Trinité de Vendôme which he had made "in pueritia sua" at the court of Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou, for the souls of "…patrui…Hugonis archidiaconi", that "Hamelinus de Langeia" succeeded "in honorem Hugoni" following his return from Rome after Hugues died and further confirmed donations with the consent of "Adierna uxor eius, sororis…Hugonis"[861]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de MONDOUBLEAU (FRETEVAL)

 

 

ILBERT [Pagan] de Fréteval, son of NIVELON [II] [Paganus] de Fréteval & his wife Helvise de Mondoubleau (before [1042/44]-[1110]).  "…Ilberti filii Nivelonis, Fulcherii fratris eius, Girardi fratris eius…" signed the charter dated to [1046/64] under which "Gelduinus…vicecomes" donated a serf to Marmoutier[862].  "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74][863]Seigneur de Mondoubleau.  A charter dated 28 Oct 1084 records the reparations made by "comes Burchardus filius Fulconis Vindocinensis" to La Trinité de Vendôme for a judgment against the abbey, witnessed by "Radulfus vicecomes, Fulcherius de Fractavalle, Paganus de Montedublello…"[864].  A charter dated 1085 before 6 Aug recalls the donation by "Nivelo Nivelonis filius", husband of "filiam Odonis Dublelli quondam Montis Dublelli domini", to La Trinité de Vendôme and the confirmation by "filius…Nivelo…cognomento Paganus", witnessed by "Burchardo comite…"[865].  "Ildebertus cognomento Paganus filius predicte Helvise" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent after he recovered "Montem Dublellum" by charter dated to [1080/1103][866]Orderic Vitalis records that “Raganus de Monte-Dublelis” held “castrum Balaonem”, dated to [1088][867]A charter dated to end-11th century records that "Paganus de Monte Dublelli" relinquished claims against the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans relating to property "apud Tufiacum"[868]

[m firstly ---.  No proof of this first marriage has been found.  However, the wording of the charter which names Ilbert and his wife Aiga suggests that the latter was not the mother of his daughter Guitburge, pointing to an earlier marriage.] 

m [secondly] AIGA, daughter of ---.  "Paganus de Monte Dublelli et Aia uxor sua" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent with the consent of "Wiburgis supradicti Pagani filia" by charter dated to the end of the 11th century[869].  "Aiga uxor Pagani de Monte Dublelli" consented to the donation by "Salomon vicarius…cum filia eius Papina" to the abbey of Saint-Vincent dated to [1100][870]

Ilbert & his [first] wife had [five] children: 

1.         HELVISE (-[1154]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Dame de Mondoubleau.  "Gaufrido vicecomite, Helvisa uxore eius, Hugone filio eius, Alpez et Helvisa filiabus eius…" witnessed an undated charter which records a donation by "Arnulfus de Semblentiaco", after he had died as a monk, to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[871].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Gaufridum vicecomitem Castriduni" confirmed the donation by "cuidam militia suo…qui erat de progenie uxoris sue Helvise, Ernulfo…de Semblentiaco" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[872].  "Uxor eius Helvisis et duo filii eius Hugo et Paganus cum duabus sororibus eorum Alpasia et Helvise" consented to the donation by "Gaufredus vicecomes Castriduni" by charter dated 1125[873].  "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni et Helvisa uxor eius et Hugo et Paganus filii eius et dua filia eius Alpes et Helvisa" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated 1129[874].  "Gaufridus Castridunensis vicecomes et eius...uxor Helvisa" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of “filiis et filiabus suis...Hugone, Huberto, Aupeza, Heloisa”, by charter dated 1133, witnessed by “...Guillelmus de Porcheria nepos Heloisse vicecomitisse...Agnes soror vicecomitisse[875].  "Goffridus vicecomes Castridunensis et dominus Montisdublelli et Helvisa uxor mea" confirmed "ecclesiam…Sancti Petri de Curte-Magnonis" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1 Dec 1134, later consented to by "primogenitus filius noster Hugo, Isbertus Paganus, et filie nostre Alpet, Helvisa et Mahildis"[876].  A charter dated 1145 records that Geoffroy Bishop of Chartres had excommunicated "Gaufridum Castriduni vicecomitem et filios eius Hugonem et Paganum et castrum eorum", but that on his deathbed “apud Carnotum” had become a monk at Tiron Sainte-Trinité and that “uxor eius Helois vicecomitissa et filius eorum Hugo” had made peace with the abbey[877]m firstly --- de Semblency, son of ---.  m secondly GEOFFROY [III] Vicomte de Châteaudun, son of HUGUES Vicomte de Châteaudun & his wife Agnès de Fréteval (-Chartres 12 Apr [1140/45]). 

2.         GUIBURGE .  "Paganus de Monte Dublelli et Aia uxor sua" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Vincent with the consent of "Wiburgis supradicti Pagani filia" by charter dated to the end of the 11th century[878].  The wording of this charter suggests that Aiga was not the mother of Guitburge, pointing to an earlier marriage of her father.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m BARTHELEMY "le Riche", son of GEOFFROY [Payen] & his wife --- (-[1148]).  He died on crusade. 

3.         AGNES (-after 1133).  "Gaufridus Castridunensis vicecomes et eius...uxor Helvisa" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of “filiis et filiabus suis...Hugone, Huberto, Aupeza, Heloisa”, by charter dated 1133, witnessed by “...Guillelmus de Porcheria nepos Heloisse vicecomitisse...Agnes soror vicecomitisse[879]

4.         [--- .  It is not known whether the mother of Guillaume de Porcherie was Agnes who is named above.  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Porcherie (-after 1133).  "Gaufridus Castridunensis vicecomes et eius...uxor Helvisa" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, with the consent of “filiis et filiabus suis...Hugone, Huberto, Aupeza, Heloisa”, by charter dated 1133, witnessed by “...Guillelmus de Porcheria nepos Heloisse vicecomitisse...Agnes soror vicecomitisse[880]

5.         [--- .  The identity of the parents of Guiburge [de Mondoubleau] is uncertain.  The chronology appears to dictate that Guiburge could not have been the same person as Guiburge, wife of Barthélemy "le Riche", who is shown above.  Firstly, Barthélemy is recorded with adult children at the time he died (dated to [1148]), meaning that it would have been impossible for his widow to have married Patrick [II] de Chaources as her second husband and extremely unlikely that she had married Barthélemy as her second husband after the death of Patrick [II].  Secondly, the birth date of Ilbert [Payen] Seigneur de Mondoubleau suggests that his children must have been born in the mid- to late 11th century, while there are indications that Pagan de Chaources (son of Guiburge [de Mondoubleau]) only reached the age of majority in the early 1150s.  For these reasons, it is more likely that Guiburge was a granddaughter of Ilbert, presumably born to one of the daughters who are named above.  If that is correct, the name Mondoubleau was passed through the female line twice to Guiburge´s son Pagan.]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         GUIBURGE [de Mondoubleau] (-after 1151).  Her connection with the Mondoubleau family is indicated by her son adopting that name, but the precise parentage of Guiburge has not been ascertained.  A charter dated to [1142] records that Geoffroy Duke of Normandy and Comte d´Anjou donated “terciam partem…in decima de Bellasilva…de Pagano de Monte Dublello et de Guib[erta] matre eius que de feodo meo est” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture[881].  "Payen de Sourches et Guiburge sa mère" founded Tyronneau abbey at Saint-Aignan, canton of Marolles-les-Braux in 1151[882]m PATRICK [II] de Chaources, son of PATRICK [I] de Chaources & his wife Matilda de Hesdin (-before [1142]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE

 

 

1.         --- de Montoire m --- [de Montigny], daughter of GAUTHIER & his wife Hersende ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1040/44] under which "Guanilo thesaurarius Sancti Martino" donated "ecclesiam juxta Montiniacum castrum meum", for the souls of "Ratherii de Montiniaco et Hugonis filii eius", with the consent of "Nihardus de Monte Aureo nepos meus…et alius nepos meus Guanilo…filois Gauscelini…et alii duo nepotes mei Cleopas et Guanilo filii Malranni de Castro Noiastro cum sorore ipsorum…Hersindi uxore Adelardi Barduni"[883].  One child: 

a)         NIHARD de Montoire (-before 1059).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1040/44] under which "Guanilo thesaurarius Sancti Martino" donated "ecclesiam juxta Montiniacum castrum meum", for the souls of "Ratherii de Montiniaco et Hugonis filii eius", with the consent of "Nihardus de Monte Aureo nepos meus…"[884].  A charter dated 1059 and 1063 records the consent given by "Nihardus", previously withheld, to the payment to "Guarino fratri hujus Hugonis" relating to the purchase of “Longa-Ulmus” [Lancôme] by the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, the charter dated 5 Dec 1059 concerning the original purchase excepting “una causa Alberici de Monte-Aureo senioris sui[885].  A charter dated 5 Dec 1059 records the sale to La Trinité de Vendôme of "ecclesiam...Longa-Ulmus", held by "Hugo Theodelini filius" from "Nihardi de Monte-Aureo", and notes that after the death of "Nihardi" he was succeeded “in honorem” by “Alberico...cum filia eius” whom he had married[886]m ---.  The name of Nihard´s wife is not known.  Nihard & his wife had one child: 

i)          PLACENTIA de Montoire (-after 10 Mar 1062).  A charter dated 5 Dec 1059 records the sale to La Trinité de Vendôme of "ecclesiam...Longa-Ulmus", held by "Hugo Theodelini filius" from "Nihardi de Monte-Aureo", and notes that after the death of "Nihardi" he was succeeded “in honorem” by “Alberico...cum filia eius” whom he had married[887].  A charter dated 10 Mar 1062 records sales to La Trinité de Vendôme with the approval of "Nihardo de Monteaureo" and after his death "unicam filiam...Placentia"[888].  Her parentage is also suggested by "…Mathei de Monte Aureo, Drogonis fratris eius…" witnessing the charter dated to [1067/74], under which [her son-in-law] "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[889].  Her first marriage is indicated by a charter dated 15 Jul 1081 which records the confirmation by "Hamelinus Galterii filius" of the churches of Gombergean and Lancôme by La Trinité de Vendôme with the approval of "Helvisa conjux ipsius, filia Odonis Dublelli quæ nata illi fuerat de uxore sua, filia...Nihardi de Monteaureo"[890].  The chronology of the charters quoted in this section and of her descendants dictates the order of Placentia´s marriages.  m firstly EUDES de Doubleau Seigneur de Mondoubleau, son of HUGUES de Doubleau Seigneur de Mondoubleau & his wife Adela --- (-after 3 Jun 1040).  m secondly (before 1059) ALBERIC de Montoire, son of --- (-after 1066).  "Albericus de Monte-aureo…Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1066 under which "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier[891]

 

 

Three brothers, parents not known. 

1.         MATHIEU de Montoire (-after 1066).  "Matheus et Drogo de Monteaureo" donated property to Marmoutier, on the death of "miles…Hugo Burgundio prenominatus…apud castellum Sanctæ Mauræ…a Gaufrido comite obsideretur…interfectus…quorum frater", by charter dated before 1064[892].  "Albericus de Monte-aureo…Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1066 under which "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier[893].  "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74], signed by "…Mathei de Monte Aureo, Drogonis fratris eius…"[894]

2.         DREUX de Montoire (-after 1066).  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][895].  "Matheus et Drogo de Monteaureo" donated property to Marmoutier, on the death of "miles…Hugo Burgundio prenominatus…apud castellum Sanctæ Mauræ…a Gaufrido comite obsideretur…interfectus…quorum frater", by charter dated before 1064[896].  "Albericus de Monte-aureo…Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1066 under which "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier[897].  "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74], signed by "…Mathei de Monte Aureo, Drogonis fratris eius…"[898]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  Dreux & his wife had six children: 

a)         HUGUES de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][899]

b)         ROBERT de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][900]

c)         CECILE de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][901]

d)         EUSEBIE de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][902]

e)         MATHILDE de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][903]

f)          HAMELINE de Montoire .  "Drogo de Monte-Aureo" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "conjugis…Mahildis ac filiorum suorum Hugonis et Roberti filiarumque Sciciliæ, Eusebiæ, Mahildis, Hamelinæ", by charter dated to [1050][904]

3.         HUGUES "Burgundio" (-killed in battle Saint-Maure [1063]).  "Matheus et Drogo de Monteaureo" donated property to Marmoutier, on the death of "miles…Hugo Burgundio prenominatus…apud castellum Sanctæ Mauræ…a Gaufrido comite obsideretur…interfectus…quorum frater", by charter dated before 1064[905]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE (SEIGNEURS de LANGEAIS)

 

 

PIERRE de Langeais, son of HAMELIN de Langeais & his wife Helvise de Mondoubleau (-after 1121).  "Hamelinus et filii eius…Petro…Philippus prior natu et Odo Duplellus" withdrew their claims against "Capellam-Anscherici" by charter dated to [1100][906].  Seigneur de Montoire.  "Gauffridus Vindocinensis comes" restored the mills of "Ponte et…Friquembaldi" to "Petrus filius Hamelini hæres [Amelini de Monte-Aureo]" at the request of the abbé of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1121[907].  A charter dated to [1130/39] records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, later confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent, in the presence of "Philippus et Harduinus filii eius, Hugo de Monteaureo…domnus Bartholomeus de Vindocino, Wlgrinus frater eius…Ada uxor Petri et Aanor uxor Philippi…"[908]

m ADA [de Montoire, daughter of HAMELIN de Montoire & his wife ---].  "…Ada uxor Petri…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[909].  The charter dated 1121 which records that "Gauffridus Vindocinensis comes" restored the mills of "Ponte et…Friquembaldi" to "Petrus filius Hamelini hæres [Amelini de Monte-Aureo]" at the request of the abbé of La Trinité de Vendôme[910] suggests that Pierre may have inherited the properties by marriage, given that the identity of his own parents is known from other sources. 

Pierre & his wife had two children: 

1.         PHILIPPE de Montoire .  "Philippus et Harduinus filii eius…et Aanor uxor Philippi…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[911]m (before [1130/39]) ELEONORE, daughter of ---.  "Philippus et Harduinus filii eius…et Aanor uxor Philippi…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[912].  Philippe & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE de Montoire (-before 1202).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   m AGNES de Vendôme, daughter of BOUCHARD [IV] Comte de Vendôme & his wife Agatha --- (-1201, bur Abbaye de Notre Dame de Fontaines).  "Burchardus…Johannis Vindocinensis comitis filius" made donations to Lavardin dated [1185/1202] for the soul of his wife Agatha, in which he names "filii eius Rodulfus et Gaufridus et Agnes soror eorum"[913].  "Burchardus comes Vindocini" confirmed the donation to Fontaines by "Johannes dominus de Montorio nepos meus", confirming the donation by "Petrus de Montorio pater suus" for the soul of "Agnetis uxoris suæ…meæ filiæ", by charter dated 1202[914].  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEAN de Montoire (-before 1240).  "Burchardus comes Vindocini" confirmed the donation to Fontaines by "Johannes dominus de Montorio nepos meus", confirming the donation by "Petrus de Montorio pater suus" for the soul of "Agnetis uxoris suæ…meæ filiæ", by charter dated 1202[915].  "Jean sire de Montorii" relinquished his rights in the abbey of Toussaint in favour of "Barthélemy son oncle archevêque de Tours" by charter dated 1204[916].  He suceded his maternal uncle in [1217] as Comte de Vendôme

-         COMTES de VENDÔME

ii)         MATHILDE de Montoirem GEOFFROY de Palluau, son of ---.  1205. 

2.         HARDUIN de Montoire .  "Philippus et Harduinus filii eius…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[917]

 

 

1.         --- de Montoirem as her first husband, MELISENDE, daughter of --- (-before 1196).  She married secondly Hugues de Chavernai.  "Philippus de Monteaureo et Lucia soror eius" donated revenue "super terram Joannis de Parrineio" to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "Milesendis matris sue" with the consent of "Hugonis de Chavernai mariti eius", by charter dated 1196[918].  Two children: 

a)         PHILIPPE de Montoire .  "Philippus de Monteaureo et Lucia soror eius" donated revenue "super terram Joannis de Parrineio" to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "Milesendis matris sue" with the consent of "Hugonis de Chavernai mariti eius", by charter dated 1196[919]

b)         LUCIE de Montoire .  "Philippus de Monteaureo et Lucia soror eius" donated revenue "super terram Joannis de Parrineio" to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "Milesendis matris sue" with the consent of "Hugonis de Chavernai mariti eius", by charter dated 1196[920]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  SEIGNEURS des MONTS

 

 

The editor of the cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans which has been consulted suggests that "…Hugonis de Montibus…", who witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, held the fief of les Monts near Lauresse[921]

 

 

1.         HUGUES des Monts (-after [1110]).  "…Hugone de Montibus…" signed the charter dated to [1110] which records the donation by "Avesgaudum de Conedrario" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "domnum Rotrochum cum uxore sua…Lucia et quatuor filiis suis"[922]m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

a)         GILDUIN .  "Rotrocus de Monteforti, Hugo de Vallibus, Droco filius Nihardi, Paganus de Mosteriolo, Gilduinus filius Hugonis de Montibus, Elinandus frater eius, Patricius de Mortereia et Turgisus frater eius" witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, under which "Herbertus Desreatus" donated "terram…apud Sangeium" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[923]

b)         ELINAND .  "Rotrocus de Monteforti, Hugo de Vallibus, Droco filius Nihardi, Paganus de Mosteriolo, Gilduinus filius Hugonis de Montibus, Elinandus frater eius, Patricius de Mortereia et Turgisus frater eius" witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, under which "Herbertus Desreatus" donated "terram…apud Sangeium" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[924]

 

 

2.         GUILLAUME des Monts (-after 1169).  A charter dated 1169 records the donation of the church of Saint-Martin de Monts to "Gaufrido clerico de Montibus" and the renunciation by "miles…Willelmus de Montibus, frater predicti Gaufridi"[925]

3.         GEOFFROY des Monts .  A charter dated 1169 records the donation of the church of Saint-Martin de Monts to "Gaufrido clerico de Montibus" and the renunciation by "miles…Willelmus de Montibus, frater predicti Gaufridi"[926]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13.  SEIGNEURS de PREUILLY

 

 

1.         --- .  m AMELINE, daughter of ---.  "Matrem Gosfridi de Prulliaco, Amelinam" appointed Eudes II Comte de Blois to oversee "terram apud Balneolas" {Baigneaux}, by charter dated to before 1037 which adds that Comte Eudes appointed "Rotberto vicecomiti de Lavarzino" as his deputy for this purpose[927].  One child: 

a)         GEOFFROY [II] de Preuilly (-killed 1067).  Seigneur de Preuilly.  "…Goffrido de Prulliaco…" witnessed a charter dated 1039 which records that "miles…Walterius…filius Hamelini de Lingaiis" was sentenced to relinquish property held from Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou for having killed "cognatum predicti comitis…Mauricium", Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme[928].  "…Gausfridi senioris de Prulliaco, Almodis uxoris eius…" signed the charter dated to [1032/64] by which "Gausbertus…de Prulliaco" donated a serf to Marmoutier[929].  The Chronicon Turonensi records that "Gaufridus de Pruliaco" rebelled in Anjou in 1062 and was killed, commenting that he invented tournaments[930].  "Theobaldus de Rupibus" renounced his claim to "allodum de Nozilliaco" which "primogenitores mei" had donated to Tours Saint-Julien, with the consent of "fratris mei Harduini clerici…comitis Goffridi Dominique mei Gaulfredi Pruliacensis", by charter dated 1064 signed by "Gaulfredi de Prulliaco thesaurarius Sancti Martini"[931].  The Chronica Rainaldi names "Gaufrido de Pruilliaco, Rainaldo de Castro Gunterii, Giraldo de Mosterolo" as the three main conspirators in the betrayal of "Goffridus junior…Barbatum" by "Fulconi fratri suo…Non Apr" in 1067, during which they were killed[932].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records that "Gaufredo…de Prulliaco, Rainaldo de Castro-Gunterii, Giraldo de Monasteriolo" were captured and killed in 1067 after Foulques IV "le Réchin" Comte d´Anjou captured and imprisoned "fratrem suum…comes Gaufredus junior…Barbatum"[933]m ALMODIS, daughter of --- (-after 1 Aug [1097]).  "…Gausfridi senioris de Prulliaco, Almodis uxoris eius…" signed the charter dated to [1032/64] by which "Gausbertus…de Prulliaco" donated a serf to Marmoutier[934].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1068] under which her son "Gaufridus de Pruliaco cognomento Jordanis" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Lupi de Ruiliaco" to Marmoutier, on the advice of "matris mee Almodis"[935].  “Gaufridus cognomento Jordanis, in castri possessione...Pruliacum...a patre meo...Gaufrido filius et heres” donated property to Preuilly by charter dated to 1 Aug [1097], witnessed by “Almodii matris sue, Beatrix sororis eius...[936].  Geoffroy [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          GEOFFROY "Jourdain" de Preuilly (-killed in battle Ramleh 19 May 1102).  "Gaufridus de Pruliaco cognomento Jordanis" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Lupi de Ruiliaco" to Marmoutier, on the advice of "matris mee Almodis", by charter dated to [1068][937].  Seigneur de Preuilly, Seigneur de Bossay.  Comte de Vendôme 1085. 

-         COMTES de VENDÔME

ii)         BEATRIX de Preuilly (-after 1 Aug [1097]).  “Gaufridus cognomento Jordanis, in castri possessione...Pruliacum...a patre meo...Gaufrido filius et heres” donated property to Preuilly by charter dated to 1 Aug [1097], witnessed by “Almodii matris sue, Beatrix sororis eius...[938]

iii)        [--- de Preuilly .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 6 Dec 1064 which records disputes between Marmoutier and "Theobaldus Harduini frater de Rupibus Corbonis", relating to rights of pasturage on "l´île Thibaut", which records that Thibaut was encouraged by "uxoris suæ Gaufridi de Prulliaco filia", signed by "…Harduino clerico, Theobaldi fratre"[939].  The date of the charter suggests that her father was Geoffroy [II] de Preuilly but this is not free from doubt.  m as his first wife, THIBAUT [I] Seigneur des Roches-Corbon, son of CORBON & his wife ---.] 

 

 

It is not known whether the following persons were related to the main family of seigneurs de Preuilly.  It is possible that they belonged to families of knights who adopted the name of the castle without being related to their liege. 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Preuilly (-after 1064).  Thesaurarius of Marmoutier.  "Gaufredo de Pruiliaco thesaurario Sancti Martini…" signed the charter dated 1061 under which Geoffroy III "le Barbu" donated a serf to Marmoutier[940].  It is assumed that this was not a lay appointment and that this Geoffroy de Preuilly was not the same person as Geoffroy [II] Seigneur de Preuilly.  "Theobaldus de Rupibus" renounced his claim to "allodum de Nozilliaco" which "primogenitores mei" had donated to Tours Saint-Julien, with the consent of "fratris mei Harduini clerici…comitis Goffridi Dominique mei Gaulfredi Pruliacensis", by charter dated 1064 signed by "Gaulfredi de Prulliaco thesaurarius Sancti Martini"[941]

 

2.         --- de Preuilly (-before 1064).  m ADELAIS, daughter of ---.  Two children: 

a)         GOSBERT de Preuilly .  "Gausbertus…de Prulliaco" donated a serf to Marmoutier by undated charter, dated to [1032/64], signed by "Gausberti qui hanc cartam fieri iussit, Adilois matris eius, Gausfridi senioris de Prulliaco, Almodis uxoris eius…Uncberti Infunduti, Agne uxoris eius sororis…ipsius Gausberti…"[942]

b)         AGNES de Preuilly .  "Gausberti qui hanc cartam fieri iussit, Adilois matris eius…Uncberti Infunduti, Agne uxoris eius sororis…ipsius Gausberti…" signed the charter dated to [1032/64] by which "Gausbertus…de Prulliaco" donated a serf to Marmoutier[943]m HUMBERT "Infundutus", son of ---. 

 

 

1.         GOSBERT de Preuilly dit de la Guerche (-before 1205)Seigneur du Bouchet {le Bouchet, paroisse de Crucheray}.  "Gosbertus de Boschet" donated property to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme for his anniversary, with the consent of "uxoris mee Aaliz et Johanne filie mee", by charter dated to end-12th century[944]m ([1148] or before) ADELA de Preuilly, daughter of BARTHELEMY de Preuilly [Vendôme] & his wife --- (-after 1194).  A charter dated to [1148] records that the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme claimed a serf from "Bartolomeus" and, after his death while on Crusade, from "filia sua Josberto de Boschet…desponsata", by charter dated 1147[945].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][946].  "Domina Aales uxor avi mea et domina Johanna mater mea" consented to the donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteaudun by charter dated 1194[947].  That "domina Aales uxor avi mea" was the wife of Gosbert de Preuilly is confirmed by the charter dated 1212 under which "G comes Castriduni et A uxor mea" donated property to the abbey of Bécheron in which he names "dominus Jobertus de Guerchia avus meus et Johanna mater mea filia ipsius, comitissa d'Alençon"[948].  "Gosbertus de Boschet" donated property to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme for his anniversary, with the consent of "uxoris mee Aaliz et Johanne filie mee", by charter dated to end-12th century[949].  Gosbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEANNE de Preuilly (-before Sep 1201).  "Gosbertus de Boschet" donated property to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme for his anniversary, with the consent of "uxoris mee Aaliz et Johanne filie mee", by charter dated to end-12th century[950].  "Hugo Castriduni vicecomes" sold "terram nemoris Vindocinensis...inter Romilliacum et Calviniacum" to Marmoutier, with the consent of “Johannes de Lavardin, Gaufridus de Lavardin, Hugo de Sancto Agilo, Dometa uxor eius et filius ipsius, Gaufredus Vogrin, Ursio de Fracta Valle et Nevelo filius eius et eorum uxores et liberi...eorum...Johanna vicecomitissa uxor mea et Gaufredus filius noster”, by charter dated to [1175/84][951].  "G comes Castriduni et A uxor mea" donated property to the abbey of Bécheron by charter dated 1212 in which he names "dominus Jobertus de Guerchia avus meus et Johanna mater mea filia ipsius, comitissa d'Alençon"[952].  "Domina Aales uxor avi mea et domina Johanna mater mea" consented to the donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteaudun by charter dated 1194[953].  "G comes Castriduni et A uxor mea" donated property to the abbey of Bécheron by charter dated 1212 in which he names "dominus Jobertus de Guerchia avus meus et Johanna mater mea filia ipsius, comitissa d'Alençon"[954].  A manuscript genealogy of the Lords of Beaumont records the marriage of “Robertum comitem Alencheii” and “Joanna…filia domini Josberti de Guirchia[955].  A charter dated Dec 1221 (error for before Sep 1201) of "Arturus dux Britannie comes Andegavensis, Cenomanensis et Richemontis" confirmed donations made to Perseigne abbey, including a donation made by "Johanna pie recordationis quondam comitissa de Alenchone et domina de Bocheto", witnessed by "domina Constancia matre mea…"[956]m firstly HUGUES Vicomte de Châteaudun, son of HUGUES [IV] Vicomte de Châteaudun & his wife Marguerite de Saint-Calais (-1191).  m secondly (before 1215) as his second wife, ROBERT [III] Comte d'Alençon, son of JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon & his wife Beatrix du Maine (-Mortevieille 8 Sep 1217, bur Abbaye de Perseigne). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14.  SEIGNEURS des VAUX

 

 

The edition of the cartulary of Saint-Vincent du Mans which has been consulted suggests that "…Hugo de Vallibus…", who witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, held the fief of Vaux, at La Chapelle Saint-Rémy, near Lauresse[957]

 

 

1.         HUGUES des Vaux .  "Rotrocus de Monteforti, Hugo de Vallibus, Droco filius Nihardi, Paganus de Mosteriolo, Gilduinus filius Hugonis de Montibus, Elinandus frater eius, Patricius de Mortereia et Turgisus frater eius" witnessed the undated charter, dated to late 11th century, under which "Herbertus Desreatus" donated "terram…apud Sangeium" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[958]

 

2.         JOSCELIN des Vaux (-[1104/15] or after).  "Gunherius de Suliniaco" donated "ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Villana" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for "fratre meo Johanne de Wirchia et filiis eius Herberto atque Widone", by charter dated to [1080/93], witnessed by "…Domela uxor Gunherii…Wiscelini de Vallibus"[959].  A charter dated to [1104/15] recods that "Wiscelinum de Vallibus", when still young, donated his part of "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1104/15], which states that "Fulcoio Bocello cum quadam sorore sua, matre…Pagani Bocelli" also donated their parts, and that Goscelin was accepted as a monk "apud Lucellum", in the presence of "Pagano Boccello nepote eius"[960]

3.         daughter .  A charter dated to [1104/15] recods that "Wiscelinum de Vallibus", when still young, donated his part of "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1104/15], which states that "Fulcoio Bocello cum quadam sorore sua, matre…Pagani Bocelli" also donated their parts, and that Goscelin was accepted as a monk "apud Lucellum", in the presence of "Pagano Boccello nepote eius"[961]m FULCO Bocel, son of ---.  Fulco & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         PAGAN Bocel .  A charter dated to [1104/15] recods that "Wiscelinum de Vallibus", when still young, donated his part of "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans by charter dated to [1104/15], which states that "Fulcoio Bocello cum quadam sorore sua, matre…Pagani Bocelli" also donated their parts, and that Goscelin was accepted as a monk "apud Lucellum", in the presence of "Pagano Boccello nepote eius"[962].  "Paganus Boccellus" chose three executors to administer "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" by charter dated to [1110/16], which records that another part in the church belonged to "nepti sue, uxor…Griponis"[963]

b)         [daughter .]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          daughter .  "Paganus Boccellus" chose three executors to administer "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica" by charter dated to [1110/16], which records that another part in the church belonged to "nepti sue, uxor…Griponis"[964]m GRIPO, daughter of ---. 

 

 

1.         GUY des Vaux (-after [1098]).  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][965]m --- (-before [1098]).  The name of Guy´s wife is not known.  Guy & his wife had five children: 

a)         HUGUES .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][966]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][967].  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEOFFROY .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][968]

ii)         LISIARD .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][969]

b)         EUDES .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][970]

c)         HERIBERT .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][971]

d)         DENISE .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][972]

e)         SUBTIVE .  "Wido de Vallibus" donated "ecclesiam de Pilimilio" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Hugo primogenitus filius meus, Odo et Herbertus filii mei, Dionisia et Subtiva filie mee, Agnes uxor Hugonis filii mei, Gaufridus et Lisiardus filii eius", by charter dated to [1098][973]

 

2.         FOUCHER des Vaux (-after 1136).  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[974]m ---.  The name of Foucher´s wife is not known.  Foucher & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME des Vaux .  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[975]

b)         RENAUD des Vaux .  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[976]

c)         GEOFFROY des Vaux .  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[977]

 

3.         HUBERT des Vaux (-after [1155/57]).  "…Huberto de Vallibus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1155/57] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn[978]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 15.  COMTES de VENDÔME

 

 

 

A.      COMTES de VENDÔME (ORIGINS)

 

 

1.         BOUCHARD [I] (-after Mar 849).  "Archambaldi, Burchardi…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 849 under which "Odo comes et uxor mea Guandilmodis" donated property "in pago Dunensi…et in pago Blesensi" to Marmoutier, the editor of the compilation suggesting that "Burchardi" may have been the ancestor of the later Comtes de Vendôme[979]

 

2.         BOUCHARD [II] (-905 or after).  "…Burchardi comitis" subscribed the charter dated Nov 902 under which "Warnegaudi vicecomitis et uxoris eius Helenæ" donated property[980]

 

3.         BOUCHARD [III] "Ratepilate" (-[950/60]).  Comte de Vendôme

 

4.         BOUCHARD [IV] "le Vieux/le Vénérable" de Vendôme (-Saint-Maur-des-Fossés 9 Jan 1007, bur Saint-Maur-des-Fossés).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Vendôme.  Comte de Corbeil, de iure uxoris.  Vicomte de Paris.  "Burchardus comes" consented to the donation by "fidelis meus…Arduinus" by charter dated 1 Sep 976, subscribed by "Burcardi comitis Vindocinensis, Rainaldi filii"[981].  "Gaufridus atque Burchardus comites" confirmed the donation by "collibertam nostram Ermengardam" at the request of "fidelis nostri Fulchardi vicecomitis" by charter dated 19 Jul 985, subscribed by "Gaufredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius"[982].  [A presumably spurious charter dated May 989 records that "Buchardus comes Parisiensis, Milduni et Corbolii et senescallus Franciæ" granted "castra Vindocini, Lavarzini et Montis-Aurei", held by "Fulco quondam pater meus", to "Fulconi comiti Andecavorum, nepoti meo et Adellæ uxori suæ qui fuit filia Aimonis quondam comitis et Isabellis uxoris meæ"[983].  This document misrepresents the genealogy of the family which is confirmed in other primary sources, and ignores the fact that Bouchard´s son Bishop Renaud inherited Vendôme before it passed to the family of the comtes d´Anjou.]  "…Burchardi comitis…" subscribed the charter dated 997 under which Robert II King of France donated property to "congregationem SS Bartolomæi atque Maglorii" in Paris[984].  "Buchardus comes et eius filius Parisiensis episcopus Rainaldus" confirmed a donation of revenue to Marmoutier by "vassallus…Dodo" by charter dated 998[985].  "Robertus…Francorum Rex" confirmed donations to "monasterii Fossatensi" by "Parisiacensis ecclesiæ episcopus…Renoldus et pater eius…comes Burchardus" for the soul of "Elisabeth comitissæ" by charter dated 998[986].  [Guillaume of Jumièges records that “quidam eius miles...Walterius” captured his castle from “Burchardus Milidunensis castri comes”, who was living “apud regis Francorum curiam”, and handed it secretly to “Odoni comiti”, and that the castle was recaptured on his behalf by the king with the help of Richard II Duke of Normandy[987].  It is probable that this passage relates to Bouchard Comte de Vendôme, in his capacity as comte de Corbeil, as later comtes de Corbeil were recorded as holders of Melun.]  "Burchardus…castri comes Curbolii…cum filio meo Rainaldo…Parisensium episcopo" authorised donations to the abbey of Saint-Maur-des-Fossés by charter dated 1 Mar 1006, subscribed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Nanterii et Joscelini eius filiorum…Joscelini Miliduni vicecomites"[988].  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "V Id Jan 1007" of "Burgandus comes"[989]m as her second husband, ELISABETH, widow of HAMON Comte de Corbeil, daughter of ---.  The Vita Burchardi Venerabilis Comitis records the marriage of "uxor comitis Haimonis, Elizabeth…nobili progenie" and "Burchardi comitis"[990].  "Robertus…Francorum Rex" confirmed donations to "monasterii Fossatensi" by "Parisiacensis ecclesiæ episcopus…Renoldus et pater eius…comes Burchardus" for the soul of "Elisabeth comitissæ" by charter dated 998[991].  Bouchard [IV] & his wife had two children: 

a)         RENAUD de Vendôme (-6 Jan 1016).  "Burcardi comitis Vindocinensis, Rainaldi filii" subscribed the charter dated 1 Sep 976 under which "Burchardus comes" consented to the donation by "fidelis meus…Arduinus"[992]The Vita Burchardi Venerabilis Comitis names "Ragenaldo Cancellario filio Comitis"[993]Chancellor of France 988-before 997.  Bishop of Paris 991.  Comte de Vendôme 1005.  "Burchardus…castri comes Curbolii…cum filio meo Rainaldo…Parisensium episcopo" authorised donations to the abbey of Saint-Maur-des-Fossés by charter dated 1 Mar 1006, subscribed by "Roberti vicecomitis, Nanterii et Joscelini eius filiorum…Joscelini Miliduni vicecomites"[994].  A charter dated to [1007/50] records that "Rainaldus episcopus Parisiensis, filius Burchardi Vetuli" cleared the forest of Gâtines and built Ville-l´Evêque, that after his death Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou granted Ville-l´Evêque to "Hamelino patre Walterii", that "Burchardus…cum matre sua Adela" confirmed all the previous concessions, that after his death his mother associated "Fulconem filium suum" in the county but later sold it to "fratrem suum Goffredum…Andecavorum comitem"[995]

b)         ELISABETH de Vendôme (after 958-burnt to death Angers Dec 999).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated to [1032] which records that Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou transmitted "honor Vindocinensis" to his only daughter by "sororem defuncti pontificis", who had four sons of whom "primogenitum…Burchardum"[996].  The Chronico Monasterii Sancti Albini Andegavensis records a fire in "urbis Andegavæ" a few days after the burning of "comitissæ Helisabeth"[997].  Heiress of Vendôme.  m (before 990) as his first wife, FOULQUES III Comte d'Anjou, son of GEOFFROY I "Grisgonelle" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Adela de Donzy (-Metz 21 Jun 1040, bur Beaulieu, abbaye de Saint-Pierre). 

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de VENDÔME (NEVERS)

 

 

BODON de Nevers, son of LANDRY de Monceau Comte de Nevers & his wife Mathilde de Mâcon [Bourgogne-Comté] (-[1023]).  "Landricus comes" donated property to the abbey of Flavigny by charter dated 28 Jul 1002 subscribed by "Bodo filius eius, Landricus filius eius…"[998].  He succeeded his wife's maternal uncle [1016/20] as Comte de Vendôme, by right of his wife. 

m (before [1016/20]) ADELA d'Anjou, daughter of FOULQUES III "Nerra" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Elisabeth de Vendôme (-26 Feb [1033/35]).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Gosfridum Martellum et filiam Adelam" as the children of "Fulco Nerra"[999].  The primary source which confirms her marriage precisely has not so far been identified, although the Historia Nivernensium Comitum records that the wife of "Bodonem [filium Landrici]" was "stirpis Andegavorum"[1000].  She succeeded her maternal uncle in [1016/20] as Ctss de ½ Vendôme.  A charter dated to [1032] records that Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou transmitted "honor Vindocinensis" to his only daughter by "sororem defuncti pontificis", who had four sons of whom "primogenitum…Burchardum"[1001].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "IV Kal Mar" of "Addela comitissa"[1002]

Comte Bodon & his wife had four children: 

1.         BOUCHARD [V] "le Chauve" de Vendôme (-[25 Feb] ----).  A charter dated to [1032] records that Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou transmitted "honor Vindocinensis" to his only daughter by "sororem defuncti pontificis", who had four sons of whom "primogenitum…Burchardum"[1003].  A charter dated to [1007/50] records that "Rainaldus episcopus Parisiensis, filius Burchardi Vetuli" cleared the forest of Gâtines and built Ville-l´Evêque, that after his death Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou granted Ville-l´Evêque to "Hamelino patre Walterii", that "Burchardus…cum matre sua Adela" confirmed all the previous concessions, that after his death his mother associated "Fulconem filium suum" in the county but later sold it to "fratrem suum Goffredum…Andecavorum comitem"[1004]Comte de Vendôme.  A charter dated to [1025/30] records the concessions granted by "comes Burchardus in villa et in comitatu Vindocini"[1005].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "V Kal Mar" of "Buccardus comes Vindocini"[1006]

2.         FOULQUES "l'Oison" de Vendôme (-Ferrières-en-Touraine 21 or 22 Nov 1066, bur Vendôme).  A charter dated to [1007/50] records that "Rainaldus episcopus Parisiensis, filius Burchardi Vetuli" cleared the forest of Gâtines and built Ville-l´Evêque, that after his death Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou granted Ville-l´Evêque to "Hamelino patre Walterii", that "Burchardus…cum matre sua Adela" confirmed all the previous concessions, that after his death his mother associated "Fulconem filium suum" in the county but later sold it to "fratrem suum Goffredum…Andecavorum comitem"[1007].  "Gaufredus comitatus Andecavensis naturalis heres" made donations to Marmoutier dated 1055 in which he names "nepotibus meis…Fulcone vincocinensium comite naturali, Gaufredo et altero Fulcone"[1008].  A charter dated to [1060/64] records that "Fulco de Vindocino" raided La Trinité de Vendôme, after the death of Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou [in Nov 1060], but repented[1009].  It appears that he was restored as Comte de Vendôme some time after the death of Comte Geoffroy II, but the circumstances of this restoration have not yet been traced.  "Fulconis comitis, uxor eius Petronillæ…" witnessed a charter dated to [1060/66] which records an agreement between "Odone de Camaziaco" and La Trinité de Vendôme concerning property[1010].  "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier by charter dated 1066, confirmed by "uxor eiusdem comitis…Petronilla" after her husband died, witnessed by "Albericus de Monte-aureo, Ingelbaldus Brito, Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaldi, Rainaldus cantor frater ipsius Petronille, Fulcherius de Turre, Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius, Tetbaldus filius Leterii"[1011].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the death "XI Kal Dec" in 1066 of "Fulco Vindocini comes"[1012].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "XI Kal Dec" of "Fulco comes Vindocini"[1013]m PETRONILLE de Château-Renard, daughter of GUICHER [I] Sire de Château-Renard & his wife --- (-Château-Rainard 1 Nov 1078, bur Vendôme).  "Comite…Fulcone…cum coniuge sua…Petronilla" confirmed the donation by "Rotbertum de Monte Comiturno et Fulcherium de Turre nepotem ipsius", by charter dated 1061[1014].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   "Fulconis comitis, uxor eius Petronillæ…" witnessed a charter dated to [1060/66] which records an agreement between "Odone de Camaziaco" and La Trinité de Vendôme concerning property[1015].  "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier by charter dated 1066, confirmed by "uxor eiusdem comitis…Petronilla" after her husband died, witnessed by "Albericus de Monte-aureo, Ingelbaldus Brito, Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaldi, Rainaldus cantor frater ipsius Petronille, Fulcherius de Turre, Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius, Tetbaldus filius Leterii"[1016].  A charter records the death "Kal Nov" at Château-Renard in 1078 of "Petronilla mater Burchardi comitis" and her donation before dying to La Trinité de Vendôme of property previously held by "Fulconis comitis mariti sui", with the consent of "Burchardo filio suo comite Vindocini"[1017].  Comte Foulques & his wife had four children: 

a)         EUPHROSINE de Vendôme (-after 1110).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  A charter dated 2 Aug 1090 records that "Vindocini consulem Goffredium Pruillacensem", a prisoner of "Lancelino de Balgenciaco", expressed his intention of donating "Savignei ecclesia" to La Trinité de Vendôme and that "uxor…comitissa Euphronia" implemented his wishes[1018].  "Gaufredus comes Vindocinensis [et] uxor sua Eufrosina et filius eorum Gaufredus Grassa Cotella" consented to the donation by "miles Girardus" by charter dated 1092[1019].  A charter dated to after 1103 records that "uxore sua comitissa Eufrosina" retook "ecclesiam de Savigniaco", donated by "Goffridus de Prulliaco comes Vindocinensis", from La Trinité de Vendôme after her husband died but returned it after she was excommunicated[1020]m GEOFFROY de Preuilly, son of GEOFFROY [II] Seigneur de Preuilly & his wife Almodis --- (-killed in battle Ramleh 19 May 1102).  Comte de Vendôme 1085. 

b)         AGATHA de Vendôme .  A charter dated 1071 records that "Radulfus vicecomes filius vicecomitis Radulfi de Lusdio" took property from Marmoutier and that he and "ipse uxor sua Agathes" were paid not to take more[1021].  "Radulfus vicecomes et uxor eius Agatha" witnessed the charter dated to [1077] which records the settlement of a dispute between La Trinité de Vendôme and "Herveo castelli Lavarzini domino"[1022].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 5 Jan 1079 under which her husband "Radulfus vicecomes" confirmed donations in his fief to La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "Agatha uxore sua, filia Fulconis comitis Vindocinensis"[1023].  "Radulfus vicecomes" donated the church of St Nicholas built at his castle of Montrevault to the cathedral of Angers St Maurice, with the consent of "uxore mea Agatha et filiis meis Fulchone, Radulfo, Burchardo", by charter dated 15/29 Jul 1095[1024]m (before 1071) RAOUL [V] "Payen" de Beaumont-au-Maine Vicomte du Lude et de Montevrault, son of RAOUL [IV] Vicomte du Maine & his first wife Emma de Montevrault Dame du Lude.  1065/98. 

c)         BOUCHARD [VI] de Vendôme (-28 Feb 1085).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Vendôme.  "Comes Burchardus puer" confirmed the donations by Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 14 Jan 1075[1025].  "Burchardus Vindocinensis comes juvenis" relinquished rights held by "Guido comes predecessor eius" in favour of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 5 Mar 1075, which also records that "Radulphus…vicecomes" also relinquished rights[1026].  A charter records the death "Kal Nov" at Château-Renard in 1078 of "Petronilla mater Burchardi comitis" and her donation before dying to La Trinité de Vendôme of property previously held by "Fulconis comitis mariti sui", with the consent of "Burchardo filio suo comite Vindocini"[1027].  Seigneur de Nouatre [1084].  A charter dated 28 Oct 1084 records the reparations made by "comes Burchardus filius Fulconis Vindocinensis" to La Trinité de Vendôme for a judgment against the abbey, witnessed by "Radulfus vicecomes, Fulcherius de Fractavalle, Paganus de Montedublello…"[1028].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the death "II Kal Mar" in 1085 of "Burchardus comes…adolescens, filius Fulconis comitis, Anserulus cognominati"[1029].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "II Kal Mar" of "Buccardus comes Vindocini"[1030].  A charter dated 1086 records the approval of "Gosfredus comes cognomina Jordanus…de Prulliaco", who had inherited "Vindocinensem honorem post Burchardum comitem, Fulconis filium", of a donation to La Trinité de Vendôme by "miles Frotmundus cognomina Turpinus…filius Salomonis fili Otredii"[1031]

d)         GEOFFROY de Vendôme .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1066/85. 

3.         GUY .  A charter dated to [1032] records that Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou transmitted "honor Vindocinensis" to his only daughter by "sororem defuncti pontificis", who had four sons of whom "primogenitum…Burchardum"[1032].  The primary source which confirms his name has not yet been identified.  Comte de Vendôme 1069/72.  A charter dated 19 Jan 1069 records a hearing before "Guido comes" [Comte de Vendôme] regarding claims by "Algerius" to "de terra Wastinelli" [Gâtinais], in the presence of "…Roberto nepote Guidonis comitis" [assumed to be Robert "le Bourguignon" Seigneur de Sablé, who was the first cousin of Guy Comte de Vendôme on his father´s side of the family, or Robert´s son Robert][1033].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem"[1034].  Seigneur de Nouatre 1067/84.  Monk at Noyers.  m AGNES, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

4.         son .  A charter dated to [1032] records that Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou transmitted "honor Vindocinensis" to his only daughter by "sororem defuncti pontificis", who had four sons of whom "primogenitum…Burchardum"[1035]

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de VENDÔME (SEIGNEURS de PREUILLY)

 

 

GEOFFROY "Jourdain" de Preuilly, son of GEOFFROY [II] Seigneur de Preuilly & his wife Almodis --- (-killed in battle Ramleh 19 May 1102).  "Gaufridus de Pruliaco cognomento Jordanis" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Lupi de Ruiliaco" to Marmoutier, on the advice of "matris mee Almodis", by charter dated to [1068][1036].  Seigneur de Preuilly, Seigneur de Bossay.  "Gosfridus de Prulliaco" donated "curtem de Balneolis" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to [1070][1037].  He succeeded as Comte de Vendôme in 1085.  A charter dated 1086 records the approval of "Gosfredus comes cognomina Jordanus…de Prulliaco", who had inherited "Vindocinensem honorem post Burchardum comitem, Fulconis filium", of a donation to La Trinité de Vendôme by "miles Frotmundus cognomina Turpinus…filius Salomonis fili Otredii"[1038].  A charter dated 2 Aug 1090 records that "Vindocini consulem Goffredium Pruillacensem", a prisoner of "Lancelino de Balgenciaco", expressed his intention of donating "Savignei ecclesia" to La Trinité de Vendôme and that "uxor…comitissa Euphronia" implemented his wishes[1039].  Saint-Venant comments that “il est permis de croire que les moines pour reconnaître ce don généreux l´aidèrent à payer sa rançon[1040].  “Gaufridus cognomento Jordanis, in castri possessione...Pruliacum...a patre meo...Gaufrido filius et heres” donated property to Preuilly by charter dated to 1 Aug [1097], witnessed by “Almodii matris sue, Beatrix sororis eius...[1041].  William of Tyre records the presence at the second capture of Tortosa in 1102 of "Gaufridus Vindocinensium"[1042]

m EUPHROSINE Ctss de Vendôme, daughter of FOULQUES "l'Oison" Comte de Vendôme & his wife Pétronille de Château-Renard (-after 1110).  A charter dated 2 Aug 1090 records that "Vindocini consulem Goffredium Pruillacensem", a prisoner of "Lancelino de Balgenciaco", expressed his intention of donating "Savignei ecclesia" to La Trinité de Vendôme and that "uxor…comitissa Euphronia" implemented his wishes[1043].  "Gaufredus comes Vindocinensis [et] uxor sua Eufrosina et filius eorum Gaufredus Grassa Cotella" consented to the donation by "miles Girardus" by charter dated 1092[1044].  A charter dated to after 1103 records that "uxore sua comitissa Eufrosina" retook "ecclesiam de Savigniaco", donated by "Goffridus de Prulliaco comes Vindocinensis", from La Trinité de Vendôme after her husband died but returned it after she was excommunicated[1045]

Comte Geoffroy [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         GEOFFROY [II] "Grisegonelle" de Vendôme (-[Saint-Gilles-en-Languedoc] [19 May] 1145).  "Gaufredus comes Vindocinensis [et] uxor sua Eufrosina et filius eorum Gaufredus Grassa Cotella" consented to the donation by "miles Girardus" by charter dated 1092[1046].  He succeeded his father in 1103 as Comte de Vendôme.  "Gauffridus Vindocinensis comes" restored the mills of "Ponte et…Friquembaldi" to "Petrus filius Hamelini hæres [Amelini de Monte-Aureo]" at the request of the abbé of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1121[1047].  "Goffridus comes Vindocinensis dictus Grisagonella" confirmed the possessions of La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "uxoris mee Mahildis" and with the consent of "duo filii mei Johannis et Goffredus", by charter dated to [1102/29][1048].  "Goffridus comes Vindocinensis cognomento Grizagonella" confirmed the right of passage in the forest of Gâtines by charter dated 6 Nov 1134, witnessed by "…Goffirdus de Lavarzino filius eius, Heremias, Wlgrimus frater Bartholomei…"[1049].  "Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius eius" donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1139, which states that Geoffroy had recently returned from Jerusalem, later consented to by "Lancelinus filius Johannis comitis Vindocini, Mathildis filia eiusdem Johannis, item alia filia Mathildis" and witnessed by "domnus Lancelinus de Baugenciaco…Goffridus de Chaorciis…"[1050].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "XIV Kal Jun" of "Goffridus comes"[1051]m (1105) as her second husband, MATHILDE de Châteaudun, widow of ROBERT Vicomte de Blois, daughter of HUGUES Vicomte de Châteaudun & his wife Agnès de Fréteval (-25 Sep [after 1139]).  Her origin is confirmed by the charter dated 1119 under which "Gaufridus de Castroduno" (her brother) donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron with the consent of "uxore mea [unnamed] Hugone filio meo et duabus filiabus meis Aupazia et Helvissa atque nepote meo Gofredo filio comitis Vindocinensis"[1052].  "Gaufredus comes Vindocinensis qui cognominatus et Grisa Gonella…uxor eius Mathildis…comitissa necnon Eschirater eiusdem comitis" donated property by charter dated 1107[1053].  "…Mithildis comitissa Vindocinensis filia eiusdem Hugonis…" consented to the donation by "Hugo vicecomes Castriduni" by charter dated [1110/11][1054].  "Mahildis Vindocinensis comitissa" recognised the rights of La Trinité de Vendôme over the forest of Gastines, at the request of "Goffridum maritum suum", by charter dated 1119[1055].  "Goffridus comes Vindocinensis dictus Grisagonella" confirmed the possessions of La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "uxoris mee Mahildis" and with the consent of "duo filii mei Johannis et Goffredus", by charter dated to [1102/29][1056].  A list of anniversaries of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "IX Kal Oct" of "Mathildis comitissa Vindocinensis"[1057].  Saint-Venant suggests that Mathilde died before 1139, the date of a charter under which “Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius meus” donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to Marmoutier “pro salute anime matris sue et anime uxoris sue”[1058].  However, the repetition of the word “anime” in in the document would be unnecessary if the donor´s mother and his wife were both deceased at the time.  The document indicates a distinction between their two situations, suggesting that the donor´s wife must have still been alive at the time.  Comte Geoffroy [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         JEAN de Vendôme (-La Charité-sur-Loire [1185])A charter dated 19 Jul 1126 records the restitution by "Joannes filius Goffridi Vindocinensis comitis" of property to La Trinité de Vendôme[1059]Comte de Vendôme

 -       see below.   

b)         GEOFFROY de Vendôme (-after [1136/39])"Gaufridus de Castroduno" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron with the consent of "uxore mea [unnamed] Hugone filio meo et duabus filiabus meis Aupazia et Helvissa atque nepote meo Gofredo filio comitis Vindocinensis" by charter dated 1119[1060].  "Goffridus comes Vindocinensis dictus Grisagonella" confirmed the possessions of La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "uxoris mee Mahildis" and with the consent of "duo filii mei Johannis et Goffredus", by charter dated to [1102/29][1061].  "Goffridus filius Goffridi comitis qui Grisagonella vocabatur" renounced his claim to "terra…prope Villam-Dei" in favour of La Trinité de Vendôme, at the request of "Mahildis comitissæ, matrius illius Goffridi", by charter dated 21 Jan 1130, witnessed by "Goffridus comes, Bartholomeus, Wulgrinus frater eius…"[1062].  De Lavardin: "…Goffridus de Lavarzino filius eius, Heremias, Wlgrimus frater Bartholomei…" witnessed the charter dated 6 Nov 1134 under which "Goffridus comes Vindocinensis cognomento Grizagonella" confirmed the right of passage in the forest of Gâtines[1063].  "Goffridus de Lavarzino filius comitis Vindocini…" witnessed the charter dated to [1136/39] which records the spiritual association granted to "vicecomitissa Castriduni, Eloisa, cum filio suo Hugone, per castrum Vindocinum iter agens" by Marmoutier[1064].  Saint-Venant suggests that Geoffroy must have married “une fille de la maison de Lavardin...fille probablement d´Aimeric Gaymard et d´une de ses deux premières femmes” and “il eut probablement, comme dot de sa femme, une partie de la seigneurie de Lavardin[1065].  This appears to be the only possible explanation for Geoffroy´s assumption of the Lavardin name and, from a chronological point of view, the proposal is acceptable given Geoffroy´s birth date, probably dated to [1108/15].  However, the seigneurie de Lavardin appears to have passed to the family of the comtes de Vendôme only in the mid-12th century, with the marriage of Agatha, supposed daughter of Aymeric “Gaimard” Seigneur de Lavardin, to Bouchard [VII] Comte de Vendôme (see below Chapter 15.J).  Given this succession, it is difficult to imagine that Aymeric “Gaimard” would have ceded part of his rights in Lavardin as part of a marriage treaty with Geoffroy de Vendôme.  On the other hand, it is difficult to conceive another explanation for Geoffroy being referred to as “de Lavarzino”.  One possibility is that Geoffroy was the same person as the second husband of Marie, widow of Aymeric “Gaimard” Seigneur de Lavardin, daughter of Geoffroy [Payen] & his wife ---. 

2.         ESCHIVARD [I] de Preuilly (-28 Oct ----).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Sire de Preuilly.  Seigneur de Bosay et de la Rocheposay. 

-        SIRES de PREUILLY[1066]

 

 

JEAN de Vendôme, son of GEOFFROY "Grisegonelle" Comte de Vendôme & his wife Mathilde de Châteaudun (-La Charité-sur-Loire [1185])A charter dated 19 Jul 1126 records the restitution by "Joannes filius Goffridi Vindocinensis comitis" of property to La Trinité de Vendôme[1067].  "Goffridus comes Vindocinensis dictus Grisagonella" confirmed the possessions of La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "uxoris mee Mahildis" and with the consent of "duo filii mei Johannis et Goffredus", by charter dated to [1102/29][1068].  A fragmentary chronicle of the dukes of Aquitaine names "Johanni Comiti primogenito Galfridi Grisagonellæ Comitis Vindonicensis atque Mahaudæ Castridunensis" when recording his first marriage[1069].  "Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius eius" donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1139, which states that Geoffroy had recently returned from Jerusalem, later consented to by "Lancelinus filius Johannis comitis Vindocini, Mathildis filia eiusdem Johannis, item alia filia Mathildis" and witnessed by "domnus Lancelinus de Baugenciaco…Goffridus de Chaorciis…"[1070]Comte de Vendôme.  "Joannes Vindocinensis comes" part of the forest of Gâtines to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "duo filii mei Burchardus primogenitus et Lancelinus…Agatha uxor Burchardi filii mei", by charter dated 1147[1071].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records that "Joannis comitis" was excommunicated in 1177[1072].  "Burchardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation of "bonæ memoriæ Johannes pater meus comes Vindocinensis" to the abbey of la Charité-sur-Loire by charter dated to [1185], witnessed by "Gaufridus frater noster, Johannes de Laval consanguineus noster, Matheus de Bellomonte"[1073]

m firstly [BERTHE du Puy-du-Fou, daughter of GEOFFROY du Puy-du-Fou & his wife ---.  A fragmentary chronicle of the dukes of Aquitaine records the marriage of "Johanni Comiti primogenitor Galfridi Grisagonellæ Comitis Vindonicensis atque Mahaudæ Castridunensis" and "Bertham", daughter of "Gaufridus de Podio-Fagi, filius Hugonis, ex eiusdem Ducis [=Willelmi Pictaviæ Ducis Aquitaniæ] progenie"[1074].  The difficulty with this suggested marriage is the dubious status of this source, discussed fully in AQUITAINE DUKES.  Nevertheless, it is likely that Comte Jean did marry twice, and that his first wife was the mother of his son Bouchard [VII], given that Bouchard´s wife and his father´s [supposed second] wife were probably sisters.] 

m secondly ([1147]) RICHILDE de Lavardin, daughter of [AYMERIC “Gaimard” Seigneur de Lavardin & his third wife] Marie --- (-24 Sep ----).  "Richilda comitissa Vindocinensis" donated property "de Villeriis" to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "Goffridi filii mei", by charter dated to [1147][1075].  Her family origin is indicated by the charter dated to before 1185, under which "Wlgrinus miles monacus noster" [son of Ingelbald Brito] donated the mill of "Beto" to La Trinité de Vendôme for the soul of "Petro filio suo quem monacum fecimus", confirmed by "Maria uxor eius et quinque filii eius Goffridus, Herveus, Ingelbaldus, Petrus, Mauricius, et Agnes et Domitilla filie ipsius" and in the presence of "Johannes comes Vindocinensis et Richildis uxor eius, neptis Wlgrini…"[1076].  This family origin is confirmed by the charter under which [her son] Barthélemy Archbishop of Tours confirmed donations made to the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Preuilly by "bonæ memoriæ Engelbaudo avunculo et predecessore nostro"[1077], the latter being identified as the maternal uncle of Richilde de Lavardin.  Although the sources quoted in this paragraph indicate that Richilde was the sister of Jean de Lavardin (son of Marie by her second husband Geoffroy de Lavardin), and that Richilde was the daughter of Marie, no primary source has been found which confirms that Richilde and Jean shared the same father.  It appears more likely that Richilde was the full sister of Agatha de Lavardin (and therefore probably the daughter of Aymeric "Gaimard" Seigneur de Lavardin) and that their two marriages, respectively with the father and son Jean Comte de Vendôme and Bouchard [VII] Comte de Vendôme, were arranged because they were full sisters and each enjoyed rights to Lavardin.  Clearly the Vendôme family was anxious to secure the Lavardin inheritance by marriage with the heiress.  It seems more probable that Agatha´s marriage with the Vendôme heir was arranged first, and that Richilde´s marriage provided "back-up" for Jean Comte de Vendôme in case the Bouchard/Agatha marriage proved childless (and his other children died without heirs) to increase the chances that Lavardin would still remain within his family (or more importantly that it would not be lost to another family).  "Johannes de Lavarzino…et Richeldis comitissa soror eius" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1188[1078].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Richilda comitissa fundatrix infirmarii"[1079]

Comte Jean & his first wife had four children: 

1.         BOUCHARD [VII] de Vendôme ([1125/30]-1202).  A fragmentary chronicle of the dukes of Aquitaine names "Buchardus, Lancelinus, Galfridus et Mahauda" as the children of "Johanni Comiti primogenito Galfridi Grisagonellæ Comitis Vindonicensis atque Mahaudæ Castridunensis" and his wife "Bertham"[1080].  "Joannes Vindocinensis comes" part of the forest of Gâtines to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "duo filii mei Burchardus primogenitus et Lancelinus…Agatha uxor Burchardi filii mei", by charter dated 1147[1081].  "Burchardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation of "bonæ memoriæ Johannes pater meus comes Vindocinensis" to the abbey of la Charité-sur-Loire by charter dated to [1185], witnessed by "Gaufridus frater noster, Johannes de Laval consanguineus noster, Matheus de Bellomonte"[1082]Comte de Vendôme.  A charter dated 1185 records the approval by Henry II King of England of the rights of "Vindocinense…comitem…Burchardum", including the provision for a donation if his oldest daughter married, signed by "Gaufredus filius eius…"[1083].  "Burchardus…Johannis Vindocinensis comitis filius" made donations to Lavardin dated [1185/1202] for the soul of his wife Agatha, in which he names "filii eius Rodulfus et Gaufridus et Agnes soror eorum"[1084].  "Bucardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation by "Johannes de Lavardino cognatus meus" of property he inherited from "Marie matris sue", with the consent of "filiorum meorum Gaufridi et Johannes thesaurarii et Johannis nepotis mei ex Gaufrido", to the abbey of Gatines by charter dated to [1185], which names "filio meo Johanne tesaurario Sancti Mauricii Turonensis" as present[1085].  "Burchardus…Vindocinensis comes" created a foundation for maintenance of two lamps at La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1195, which records the burial at the abbey of "fratris mei Lancelini", witnessed by "…Rainaldus de Insula…"[1086].  "Burchardus de Lavardino comes Vindocinensis" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme for the anniversary of "Johannis filii mei" by charter dated to [1190/1200][1087].  "Burchardus comes Vindocini" confirmed the donation to Fontaines by "Johannes dominus de Montorio nepos meus", confirming the donation by "Petrus de Montorio pater suus" for the soul of "Agnetis uxoris suæ…meæ filiæ", by charter dated 1202[1088].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the death in 1202 of "Burchardus comes Vindocini"[1089]m (before 1147) [as her second husband,] AGATHA [de Lavardin], [widow of NIVELON [IV] Seigneur de Fréteval,] daughter of [AYMERIC “Gaimard” Seigneur de Lavardin & his third wife Marie ---] ([1120/25]-before [1185/1202]).  "…Agathe uxore Nivelonis primogeniti…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Jan 1139 under which "dominus Ursio de Merlaio" renounced rights in favour of Notre-Dame de Chartres[1090].  "…Uxore primogeniti filii mei…Agatha et Hilgodo Piel" consented to the donation by "Ursio dominus de Fractæ Vallis" by charter dated 1139[1091].  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the Gesta Ambaziensium which records that "Guenmardus... [et] Mariam sororem Engelbaudi archiepiscopi et Bartholomæi de Vindocino...filiam" married “Nevolus de Fracta Valle” and that “ex qua heredes Lavardini qui modo sunt exstant[1092].  Her [second] marriage is confirmed, and her parentage indicated, by the charter dated 1147 under which "Joannes Vindocinensis comes" donated part of the forest of Gâtines to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "duo filii mei Burchardus primogenitus et Lancelinus…apud Lavarziniacum, Agatha uxor Burchardi filii mei"[1093].  The residence of Agatha at Lavardin, stated in this document, suggests a connection with the castle of that name.  In addition, Agatha´s widower "Burchardus…Johannis Vindocinensis comitis filius" made donations to Lavardin dated [1185/1202] for the soul of his wife “Agatham hujus ville dominam[1094], consistent with her suggested Lavardin origin.  This supposed second marriage is consistent with the reference in the Gesta Ambaziensium to “ex qua heredes Lavardini qui modo sunt exstant”, assuming that the latter were descended from Agatha´s second not her first marriage.  In addition, [Agatha´s second husband] "Bucardus comes Vindocinensis" names [Agatha´s brother] "Johannes de Lavardino cognatus meus..." in his confirmation of a donation to Gatines dated to [1185][1095], the word “cognatus” frequently indicating brother-in-law.  It should be noted that Saint-Venant suggests that Agatha was the daughter of an otherwise unrecorded older son of Aymeric “Gaimard”, who died young and transmitted the right to Lavardin to his daughter.  He highlights that Jean de Lavardin is never recorded as seigneur de Lavardin after the death of “his father” (whom, it appears, he assumes to be Aymeric), and that if Agatha had been the sister of Richilde (second wife of Jean Comte de Vendôme) the church would have vetoed the arrangement whereby one sister married the father and the other his son[1096].  The scenario as proposed is not impossible.  However, it is inconsistent with the Gesta Ambazensium as quoted above (Saint-Venant ignores Agatha´s supposed first marriage), nor is it certain that the church would have vetoed the marriages in question (there are other examples of father and son marrying two sisters).  In addition, the source quoted below shows that Jean de Lavardin was the son of Marie, widow of Aymeric, by her second marriage not by her first marriage to Aymeric.  Comte Bouchard [VII] & his wife had five children: 

a)         JEAN de Vendôme (-before [1190/1200]).  "Burchardus de Lavardino comes Vindocinensis" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme for the anniversary of "Johannis filii mei" by charter dated to [1190/1200][1097]

b)         RAOUL de Vendôme (-after [1185/1202]).  "Burchardus…Johannis Vindocinensis comitis filius" made donations to Lavardin dated [1185/1202] for the soul of his wife Agatha, in which he names "filii eius Rodulfus et Gaufridus et Agnes soror eorum"[1098].     

c)         GEOFFROY de Vendôme (-before 1202).  A charter dated 1185 records the approval by Henry II King of England of the rights of "Vindocinense…comitem…Burchardum", including the provision for a donation if his oldest daughter married, signed by "Gaufredus filius eius…"[1099].  "Filiorum meorum Gaufridi et Johannes thesaurarii et Johannis nepotis mei ex Gaufrido" consented to the charter dated to [1185] under which "Bucardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation by "Johannes de Lavardino cognatus meus" of property he inherited from "Marie matris sue" to the abbey of Gatines[1100].  "Burchardus…Johannis Vindocinensis comitis filius" made donations to Lavardin dated [1185/1202] for the soul of his wife Agatha, in which he names "filii eius Rodulfus et Gaufridus et Agnes soror eorum"[1101].  Geoffory presumably predeceased his father.  m ---.  The name of Geoffroy's wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had [two] children:

i)          JEAN de Vendôme (-before 1208).  "Filiorum meorum Gaufridi et Johannes thesaurarii et Johannis nepotis mei ex Gaufrido" consented to the charter dated to [1185] under which "Bucardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation by "Johannes de Lavardino cognatus meus" of property he inherited from "Marie matris sue" to the abbey of Gatines[1102]Comte de Vendôme.  "Johannes comes Vindocinensis" granted the fair of Notre-Dame to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, for the souls of "domini Buchardi predecessoris mei comitis Vindocinensis…", by charter dated 1203, witnessed by "Goffrido de Vindocino avunculo meo…"[1103].  “Joannes comes Vindocinensis” confirmed a donation in favour of La Charité-sur-Loire by “Joannes abavus meus…comes Vindocinensis…et Burchardus comes filius eius”, approved by “Gaufridus de Vindocino avunculus meus”, by charter dated Sep 1206[1104]

ii)         [MATHILDE de Vendôme (-after 1227).  "Johannes Montiniaci dominus et Veteris Vici" relinquished rights in favour of the priory of Saint-Hilaire, with the consent of “fratribus Hugone...Gaufredo et uxore mea Mathilde et filiabus meis Isabella et Margarita”, by charter dated 1200[1105].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   "Dominus Johannes de Montiniaco et de Veteri-Vico" transferred rights to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "Matildis uxoris sue et heredum suorum Odonis, Hugonis, Margarite, Adeline" by charter dated Aug 1207[1106].  There must be some doubt about Mathilde´s parentage, otherwise it is difficult to understand the inheritance of the county of Vendôme by the descendants of her supposed paternal aunt Agnes.  "Johannes Montigniaci dominus" confirmed a donation to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Matildis uxoris mee et filiorum meorum Hugonis et Johannis et filiarum Margarite, Adelicie, Ysabelle", by charter dated Dec 1212[1107]m (before 1198) JEAN "le Roux" Seigneur de Montigny-le-Ganelon, son of EUDES de Montigny & his wife Heloise --- (-[May 1219/1227]).] 

d)         AGNES de Vendôme (-1201, bur Abbaye de Notre Dame de Fontaines)"Burchardus…Johannis Vindocinensis comitis filius" made donations to Lavardin dated [1185/1202] for the soul of his wife Agatha, in which he names "filii eius Rodulfus et Gaufridus et Agnes soror eorum"[1108].  "Burchardus comes Vindocini" confirmed the donation to Fontaines by "Johannes dominus de Montorio nepos meus", confirming the donation by "Petrus de Montorio pater suus" for the soul of "Agnetis uxoris suæ…meæ filiæ", by charter dated 1202[1109]m PIERRE de Montoire, son of PHILIPPE de Montoire & his wife Eléonore --- (-before 1202). 

e)         JEAN [III] de Vendôme (-[Jan/Mar] 1217)"Filiorum meorum Gaufridi et Johannes thesaurarii et Johannis nepotis mei ex Gaufrido" consented to the charter dated to [1185] under which "Bucardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation by "Johannes de Lavardino cognatus meus" of property he inherited from "Marie matris sue" to the abbey of Gatines[1110].  Thesaurarius at Tours.  Provost at Saint-Georges de Vendôme.  He presumably resigned his ecclesiastical appointments and married after his succession as comte de Vendôme.  Comte de Vendôme 1209.  "Johannes comes Vindocinensis" relinquished rights over "prepositos de Masengeio" to Chartres, with the consent of “Marie uxoris mee sororis comitis Sancti Pauli”, by charter dated Sep 1213[1111].  "Johannes comes Vindocensis" approved a donation to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by "Petrus de Turne miles", by charter dated 1217[1112]m (before Sep 1213) as her third husband, MARIE, divorced wife firstly of RENAUD Comte de Dammartin, and widow secondly of ROBERT de Vieuxpont Seigneur de Courville, daughter of [GUY [II] Seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Marne] & his wife Alix de Dreux [Capet] (-after 1241).  The Historia Comitum Ghisnensium refers to the wife of "Reinaldus filius Alberti de Dominio-Martini comitis" as "sorore Waltheri de Castellione", specifying that he left her in order to marry "Boloniem comitissam Idam"[1113].  It should be noted that none of the sources quoted in this section specify that Marie was the daughter of Guy [II] Seigneur de Châtillon.  It is possible therefore that she was born from her mother´s third marriage.  "M. domina Curveville" referred to "vivente domino meo R. de Veteri Ponte" in a charter dated to [1205][1114]"Maria domina de Corbavilla" gave security for "forteritia de Lavardin...quamdiu neptis mea Aales ibidem habebit dotalitium suum" to Philippe IV King of France by charter dated Feb 1212[1115]"Johannes comes Vindocinensis" relinquished rights over "prepositos de Masengeio" to Chartres, with the consent of “Marie uxoris mee sororis comitis Sancti Pauli”, by charter dated Sep 1213[1116]"Maria domina Curveville quondam comitissa Vindocinensis" donated revenue “in prepositura Curveville” to the priory of Saint-Nicolas de Courville, with the consent of "Ivo de Veteri Ponte miles filius meus dominus Curveville", by charter dated Mar 1242[1117]

2.         LANCELIN de Vendôme (-before 1195, bur La Trinité de Vendôme).  A fragmentary chronicle of the dukes of Aquitaine names "Buchardus, Lancelinus, Galfridus et Mahauda" as the children of "Johanni Comiti primogenitor Galfridi Grisagonellæ Comitis Vindonicensis atque Mahaudæ Castridunensis" and his wife "Bertham"[1118].  "Lancelinus filius Johannis comitis Vindocini, Mathildis filia eiusdem Johannis, item alia filia Mathildis" consented to the charter dated 1139 under which "Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius eius" donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme[1119].  "Joannes Vindocinensis comes" part of the forest of Gâtines to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "duo filii mei Burchardus primogenitus et Lancelinus", by charter dated 1147[1120].  "Burchardus…Vindocinensis comes" created a foundation for maintenance of two lamps at La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1195, which records the burial at the abbey of "fratris mei Lancelini", witnessed by "…Rainaldus de Insula…"[1121]

3.         MATHILDE de Vendôme (-[1214]).  A fragmentary chronicle of the dukes of Aquitaine names "Buchardus, Lancelinus, Galfridus et Mahauda" as the children of "Johanni Comiti primogenitor Galfridi Grisagonellæ Comitis Vindonicensis atque Mahaudæ Castridunensis" and his wife "Bertham"[1122].  "Lancelinus filius Johannis comitis Vindocini, Mathildis filia eiusdem Johannis, item alia filia Mathildis" consented to the charter dated 1139 under which "Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius eius" donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme[1123].  "Comitis Hainrici...comitis Stephani filii" donated Saint-Sauveur de Guingamp to Marmoutiers by charter dated 19 Sep 1151 "die ipso quo Hainricus comes Mathildem filiam Johannis Vindocin. comitis apud Meduanam uxorem duxit"[1124].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1214 of "Mathildis Comitissa"[1125], which may refer to the widow of Henri Comte de Tréguier although she would have been old at the time.  m (Mayenne 19 Sep 1151) HENRI de Bretagne Comte de Tréguier et de Guingamp, son of ETIENNE de Bretagne Lord of Richmond & his wife Hawise de Guingamp ([1100]-early 1183). 

4.         MATHILDE de Vendôme (before 1139-3 Feb 1199, bur Abbaye de Fontaine-les-Blanches)"Lancelinus filius Johannis comitis Vindocini, Mathildis filia eiusdem Johannis, item alia filia Mathildis" consented to the charter dated 1139 under which "Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius eius" donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme[1126].  "Sulpicius dominus Ambaziæ et Matildis mater mea et omnes fratres et sorores Hugo…et Johannes, Helisabeth et Agnes atque Dionisia" donated property to the abbey of Fontaines-les-Blanches by charter dated 1194[1127].  The necrology of Pontlevoy records the death "III Non Feb" of "Mahildis domina de Ambazia"[1128].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "III Non Feb" of "Mathildis de Ambazia"[1129]m HUGUES [II] Sire d'Amboise, son of SULPICE [II] Sire d'Amboise & his wife Agnes de Donzy (-[1190/94], bur Saint-Florentin). 

Comte Jean & his second wife had two children: 

5.         GEOFFROY de Vendôme (-1222 or after).  A fragmentary chronicle of the dukes of Aquitaine names "Buchardus, Lancelinus, Galfridus et Mahauda" as the children of "Johanni Comiti primogenitor Galfridi Grisagonellæ Comitis Vindonicensis atque Mahaudæ Castridunensis" and his wife "Bertham"[1130].  This document misstates Geoffroy´s mother (unless there was another son named Geoffroy, born from his father´s first marriage, who died young), as shown by undated charter (dated to [1147] by the editor of the collection consulted, but the chronology suggests that it should be dated later) under which "Richilda comitissa Vindocinensis" donated property "de Villeriis" to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "Goffridi filii mei"[1131].  "Gaufridus frater noster…" witnessed the charter dated to [1185] under which "Burchardus comes Vindocinensis" approved the donation of "bonæ memoriæ Johannes pater meus comeds Vindocinensis" to the abbey of la Charité-sur-Loire[1132].   Benedict of Peterborough records the capture by Philippe II King of France of Mondoubleau from Hugues Vicomte de Châteaudun, dated to 1189, during the course of which "Gaufrido Vindocinensi comiti" was seriously wounded, and at first given up for dead, but later recovered[1133].  "Goffridus de Vindocino, Archembaudus prepositus Vindocinensis..." witnessed the charter dated to [1190] under which “Galterius de Rupe” donated “quartam partem molendini de Cortozeio” to La Trinité de Vendôme[1134].  "Dominus Goffridus de Vindocino frater comitis Burchardi" consented to the donation to La Trinité de Vendôme by "Odo de Grois miles" by charter dated to [1190][1135].  "Goffridus miles de Vindocino filius Johannis comitis et Richildis comitissæ" donated his possessions "apud castrum Carceris" [La Chartre] to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1203[1136].  "Johannes comes Vindocinensis" granted the fair of Notre-Dame to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, for the souls of "domini Buchardi predecessoris mei comitis Vindocinensis…", by charter dated 1203, witnessed by "Goffrido de Vindocino avunculo meo…"[1137].  “Joannes comes Vindocinensis” confirmed a donation in favour of La Charité-sur-Loire by “Joannes abavus meus…comes Vindocinensis…et Burchardus comes filius eius”, approved by “Gaufridus de Vindocino avunculus meus”, by charter dated Sep 1206[1138].  A charter dated 1222 records a donation by "Geoffroy fils de Jean comte de Vendôme et de Richilde comtesse de Vendôme" to La Trinité de Vendôme for his anniversary, presumably therefore made in expectation of his own death[1139].  The tomb and remains of “Gaufridus de Vindocino filius Johannis comitis Vindocini et Richildis comitisse” were found in 1892 during excavations in the church of La Trinité de Vendôme, his skull showing a deep wound which, Saint-Venant suggests, resulted from the incident recounted by Benedict of Peterborough in 1189 (see above)[1140]

6.         BARTHELEMY de Vendôme (-15 Oct 1206).  Deacon at Tours before 1174.  Archbishop of Tours 1174.  "Jean sire de Montorii" relinquished his rights in the abbey of Toussaint in favour of "Barthélemy son oncle archevêque de Tours" by charter dated 1204[1141].  The identity of his mother is confirmed by the charter under which he confirmed donations made to the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Preuilly by "bonæ memoriæ Engelbaudo avunculo et predecessore nostro"[1142], the latter being identified as the maternal uncle of Richilde de Lavardin.  Jean Sire de Montoire relinquished claims to the church of Savonnières in favour of "Barthélemy son oncle archevêque de Tours" by charter dated 1204[1143].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records in 1206 the death of “Bartholomeus Turonorum archiepiscopus” and the succession of “Gaufridus...Parisiensis archidyaconus” who held office for one and a half years, after whom “Iohannes archiepiscopus” was ordained[1144]

 

 

 

D.      COMTES de VENDÔME (SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

 

JEAN de Montoire, son of PIERRE de Montoire & his wife Agnes de Vendôme (-before 1240).  "Burchardus comes Vindocini" confirmed the donation to Fontaines by "Johannes dominus de Montorio nepos meus", confirming the donation by "Petrus de Montorio pater suus" for the soul of "Agnetis uxoris suæ…meæ filiæ", by charter dated 1202[1145].  Jean Sire de Montoire relinquished claims to the church of Savonnières in favour of "Barthélemy son oncle archevêque de Tours" by charter dated 1204[1146].  "Jean Seigneur de Montorio" reached agreement with Chartres Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Eglentine uxoris mee, Johannis filii mei et Agnetis filie mee", by charter dated Apr 1216[1147]Comte de Vendôme.  “Joannes comes Vindocinensis” confirmed a donation in favour of La Charité-sur-Loire by “Joannes abavus meus…comes Vindocinensis…et Burchardus comes filius eius”, approved by “Gaufridus de Vindocino avunculus meus”, by charter dated Sep 1206[1148].  "Johannes comes Vindocinensis et dominus Montis-Aurei" sold his county to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated Apr 1218[1149].  He founded the abbey of la Virginité in 1220.  "Iohannes comes Vindocinensis" donated property inherited from "defuncto Gaufredo de Vindocino avunculo nostro" to the abbey of Lieu-Notre-Dame-lès-Romorantin by charter dated Jun 1230[1150].  "Johannes comes Vindocinensis" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme in compensation for having built a pond at Gâtineau, with the consent of "Petri de Vindocino militis filii nostri primogeniti", by charter dated 1239[1151]

m AIGLANTINE, daughter of --- .  "Jean Seigneur de Montorio" reached agreement with Chartres Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Eglentine uxoris mee, Johannis filii mei et Agnetis filie mee", by charter dated Apr 1216[1152].  1234.  The necrology of Pontlevoy records the death "II Non Mai" of "Johannes comes Vindocinensis, Agnes uxor eius"[1153].  It is not known with certainty to whom this entry refers.  There is no other record of a "Jean Comte de Vendôme" married to an "Agnes".  The name of the wife of this Jean is the most similar to Agnes.  Another possibility is that "Johannes" in the entry is an error. 

Comte Jean & his wife had seven children children: 

1.         JEAN de Montoire (-after Apr 1216).  "Jean Seigneur de Montorio" reached agreement with Chartres Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Eglentine uxoris mee, Johannis filii mei et Agnetis filie mee", by charter dated Apr 1216[1154]

2.         AGNES de Vendôme (-after Apr 1216).  "Jean Seigneur de Montorio" reached agreement with Chartres Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Eglentine uxoris mee, Johannis filii mei et Agnetis filie mee", by charter dated Apr 1216[1155]

3.         PIERRE de Vendôme (-Egypt 25 Mar 1249, bur St Georges de Vendôme)"Johannes comes Vindocinensis" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme in compensation for having built a pond at Gâtineau, with the consent of "Petri de Vindocino militis filii nostri primogeniti", by charter dated 1239[1156].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Vendôme.  "Petrus comes Vindocinensis" confirmed the donation by "patris mei Iohannis bone memorie quondam comitis Vindocinensis" to the abbey of Lieu-Notre-Dame-lès-Romorantin by charter dated Jun 1248[1157]m JEANNE de Mayenne, daughter of JUHEL [II] Sire de Mayenne & his wife Gervaise de Vitré Dame de Dinan (-11 Apr ----).  Dame de la Chartre 1233.  Dame de Lassay et de Château-du-Loir 1246.  The necrology of Le Mans Cathedral records the death "III Id Apr" of "Johanna de Meduana, quondam comitissa Vidoeinensis"[1158].  Comte Pierre & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         BOUCHARD [VIII] de Vendôme (-[15 May 1271], bur St Georges de Vendôme).  He succeeded his father as Comte de Vendôme.  Seigneur de Lavardin et de Montoire: Bucardus comes Vindocinensis et dominus Lavardini et Montis-aurei” confirmed an exchanged of property with Marmoutier by charter dated 1256[1159].  "Buchardus comes Vindocinensis" reduced his royalty on the possessions of the abbey La Trinité de Vendôme from the rate previously agreed with "patrem meum bone memorie Petrum quondam comitem Vindocinensem", with the consent of "Gaufredus de Lavardino miles…avunculus meus", by charter dated Dec 1263[1160]m ([before 1259]) as her second husband, MARIE de Roye, widow of AUBERT de Hangest Seigneur de Genlis, daughter of RAOUL de Roye Seigneur de la Ferté-en-Ponthieu & his wife Marie de Ville (-13 Mar ----).  The executors of “domini Auberti de Hangesto” claimed against “comitem Vindocinensem” for “dotalicio comitisse uxoris sue” dated 1260[1161].  She married thirdly ([15 May/9 Dec] 1271) Jean de Vieuxpont Seigneur de Courville.  Her third marriage is confirmed by the necrology of Saint-Nicolas de Courville which records the death “V Non Mai“ of "dominus Johannes de Veteriponte miles junior” and his donation for the anniversaries of “patris et matris eiusdem necnon et domini Yvonis condam fratris sui” made “Curveville in castello...in presencia nobilis domine domine de Vindocino domine de Curvavilla uxoris eiusdem...anno LXXI die mercurii post Concepcionem beate Marie Virginis” [1270/71][1162].  A charter dated 1272 records a judgment against “B. comitem Vindocinensem” and after his death “dominam Mariam comitissam Vindocinensem, ratione liberorum suorum” relating to the capture of four men in the land of Sentier priory[1163].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "V Non Mar" of "Maria comitissa"[1164].  The necrology of Saint-Nicolas de Courville records the death “III Id Mar“ of "Marie domine de Curveville condam comitisse Vindocinensis et matris Yvonis domini Curveville militis” and the donation for whom of “annui redditus super preposituram Curveville, ad festum beati Remigii[1165].  Comte Bouchard [VIII] & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          JEAN [V] de Vendôme (-after 18 May 1315).  He succeeded his father as Comte de Vendôme

-         see below

ii)         BOUCHARD de Vendôme .  Seigneur de Bonneval.  "Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[1166]

iii)        PIERRE de Vendôme (-before 1311).  Canon at Tours. 

iv)       ELEONORE [Agnes] de Vendôme .  Letters dated 1280 confirmed the marriage of "demoiselle Agnez de Vendôme, fille de Bouchart comte de Vendôme" and "Bouchart de Lisle, fils de Messire Barthélemy sieur de Lisle Bouchart, de Doué et de Rochefort"[1167]m ([1280]) BOUCHARD [VII] de Lisle-Bouchard, son of BARTHELEMY Sire de Lisle-Bouchard, de Doué et de Rochefort & his wife ---.  1304. 

v)        [JEANNE [Yolande] de Vendôme (-25 Dec 1302, Tours Franciscans)m firstly GEOFFROY [Payen] Savary Seigneur de Colombiers-Villandry, daughter of ---.  1272/1283.  m secondly ([1286]) as his first wife, ROBERT [II] de Dreux Seigneur de Beu, son of ROBERT [I] de Dreux Seigneur de Beu & his second wife Isabelle de Villebéon (-after 1303).] 

b)         JEAN de Vendôme (-before 1283). 

-        SEIGNEURS de PLESSIS-GODEHOUST et de FRESNE[1168]

c)         GEOFFROY de Vendôme .  Seigneur de Chartre-sur-Loir et de Lassey. 

-        SEIGNEURS de CHARTRE-sur-LOIR, PRINCES de CHABANAIS[1169]

d)         daughter .  Nun at La Virginité. 

e)         [MATHIEU de Vendôme (-25 Sep 1286).  Abbot of Saint-Denis 1258.  Regent of France.] 

4.         GEOFFROY dit de Lavardin (-after Dec 1263).  1226.  Seigneur de Savigny.  "Buchardus comes Vindocinensis" reduced his royalty on the possessions of the abbey La Trinité de Vendôme from the rate previously agreed with "patrem meum bone memorie Petrum quondam comitem Vindocinensem", with the consent of "Gaufredus de Lavardino miles…avunculus meus", by charter dated Dec 1263[1170]m ---.  The name of Geoffroy´s wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had two children: 

a)         PIERRE de Lavardin .  Seigneur du Plessis-Godehoust. 

b)         GEOFFROY de Lavardin (-[1313]).  Seigneur de Savigny. 

5.         JEAN de Vendôme .  1226.  Seigneur de Saint-Laurent-des-Mortiers. 

6.         MATHILDE de Vendômem (1226) HUGUES de Montigny Seigneur de Viévy, son of ---. 

7.         HONORINE de Vendômem GEOFFROY de la Bruyère Seigneur de Troo et de Challay, son of ---. 

 

 

JEAN [V] de Vendôme, son of BOUCHARD [V] Comte de Vendôme & his wife Marie de Roye (-after 18 May 1315).  He succeeded his father as Comte de Vendôme

m ([15 May 1295/28 Feb 1302]) ELEONORE de Montfort dame de Castres-en-Albigeois et de la Ferté-Aleps, daughter of PHILIPPE de Montfort-l'Amaury & his wife Jeanne de Levis (-after 18 May 1338, bur Castres).  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…et domicella Elienore de Monteforti" which names their parents "bonæ memoriæ D Philippi de Monteforti patris et D Joannæ de Leviers matris nostrum predictorum Joannis, Lauræ et Elienoris"[1171]A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the presence of "domina Helyonorda de Monte Forti...comitissa Vindocinensis cum tribus filiis suis, soror et heres præfati domini Johannis de Monte Forti" at the reburial of the body of the latter at Castres in 1305[1172]The necrology of Port-Royal records the donation in 1314 by "dame Alienor de Montfort comtesse de Vendosme" for "son…filz Buchard comte de Vendosme le premier né"[1173]

Comte Jean [V] & his wife had four children: 

1.         BOUCHARD [IX] de Vendôme (-26 Feb 1353, bur Vendôme Saint-Georges).  His parentage is proved by the donation in 1314 by "dame Alienor de Montfort comtesse de Vendosme" for "son…filz Buchard comte de Vendosme le premier né" recorded in the necrology of Port-Royal[1174].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Vendôme.  Seigneur de Brétencourt et de Castres.  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "IV Kal Mar" of "Buccardus comes"[1175]m ([Ronchamp-sous-Montfort Aug 1320) ALIX de Bretagne, daughter of ARTHUR II Duke of Brittany & his second wife Yolande de Dreux [Capet] (1298-Montoire-en-Vendômois May 1377, bur Mans église des Jacobins).  "Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[1176].  Comte Bouchard [IX] & his wife had six children: 

a)         JEAN [VI] de Vendôme (-Montpellier [1/22] Feb 1364, bur Castres).  He succeeded his father as Comte de Vendôme et de Castres, Seigneur de Lézignan-en-Narbonnois, de Brétencourt.  Edward III King of England granted safe conduct to “comes de Vendome et Simon de Vendome frater eius” by charter dated 30 Mar 1362[1177]m JEANNE de Ponthieu dame d'Epernon, daughter of JEAN II de Ponthieu Comte d'Aumâle [Castile] & his wife Catherine d'Artois [Capet] (-30 May 1378).  Comte Jean [VI] & his wife had two children: 

i)          BOUCHARD [X] de Vendôme (-16 Nov 1371, bur Notre-Dame du Parc)He succeeded his father as Comte de Vendôme et de Castres.  His testament, dated 15 Nov 1371, has been analysed by Saint-Venant[1178]m ([1368]) as her second husband, ISABELLE de Bourbon, widow of LOUIS de Beaumont Vicomte de Beaumont, daughter of JACQUES I de Bourbon [Capet] Comte de La Marche & his wife Jeanne de Châtillon-sur-Marne Dame de Leuze et de Condé (1340-1371 before Sep, bur Notre-Dame du Parc).  Comte Bouchard [X] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       JEANNE de Vendôme (-before 19 Jan 1371). 

ii)         CATHERINE de Vendôme (-1 Apr 1412, bur Vendôme, Saint-Georges).  She succeeded on the death of her brother 16 Nov 1371 Ctss de Vendôme et de Castres.  m (Paris 28 Sep 1364) JEAN de Bourbon Comte de la Marche, son of JACQUES [I] de Bourbon Comte de la Marche et de Ponthieu & his wife Jeanne de Châtillon dame de Leuzé et de Condé (1344-Vendôme 11 Jun 1393, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  Comte de Vendôme et de Castres 1371, by right of his wife. 

b)         PIERRE de Vendôme

c)         SIMON de Vendôme (-after 3 Sep 1363)Edward III King of England granted safe conduct to “comes de Vendome et Simon de Vendome frater eius” by charter dated 30 Mar 1362[1179]m as her first husband, JEANNE de Montbazon dame de Montbazon, de Montsoreau, de Châteauneuf et de Jarnac-sur-Charente, daughter of RENARD de Montbazon & his wife Jeanne de Craon (-before 26 Jul 1395).  She married secondly (before 11 Nov 1372) Guillaume [II] de Craon Vicomte de Châteaudun, Seigneur de Marcillac (-[13 Jul 1409/6 Jun 1410]). 

d)         BOUCHARD de Vendôme (-after 6 Mar 1373).  Seigneur de Feuillet et de Segré.  m as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Beaumont, daughter of JEAN [II] de Beaumont Vicomte de Beaumont-au-Maine & his wife --- (-after 1373).  A charter dated 20 Aug 1382 records that “Dame Marguerite de Beaumont” was “femme en premiere nopces de Monsieur Bouchard de Vendosme”, by whom she had “Monsieur Jehan de Vendosme Sire de Froullet, fils aisné principal héritier”, and married secondly “Messire Jehan Gaudin chevalier” by whom she has “entr´autres Monsieur Robert Gausdin fils aisné de ce second lit[1180].  She married secondly Jean Gaudin.  Bouchard & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEAN de Vendôme (-after 1400)A charter dated 20 Aug 1382 records that “Dame Marguerite de Beaumont” was “femme en premiere nopces de Monsieur Bouchard de Vendosme”, by whom she had “Monsieur Jehan de Vendosme Sire de Froullet, fils aisné principal héritier[1181].  Seigneur de Feillet 1391.  m (1378) MARIE d'Orange, daughter of ---.  Jean & his wife had one child: 

(a)       JEAN .  Seigneur de Feillet.  1408. 

ii)         PIERRE de Vendôme .  1383.  Seigneur de Segré et de Nesle.  m JEANNE de Chars, daughter of ---.  Pierre & his wife had five children: 

(a)       PIERRE de Vendôme (-after 29 Jun 1407)Seigneur de Segré.  m MARIE d'Acigné, daughter of ---.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

(1)       JEANNE de Vendôme .  1453.  m firstly ROBERT Seigneur de Fontaines, son of ---.  m secondly (before 1440) FRANÇOIS [II] Sire de Montberon Vicomte d'Aunay Baron de Maulévrier et de Matha, son of --- (-31 Oct 1476). 

(b)       GUILLEMETTE de Vendôme .  Dame de Feillet et de Ventrouse.  m GERVAIS Auvais Seigneur de Genestay, son of ---. 

(c)       ALIX de Vendôme m ROBERT Seigneur d'O, son of ---. 

(d)       ISABELLE de Vendôme m PIERRE de la Haye Seigneur de Marcheville, son of ---. 

(e)       ROBERTE de Vendôme m ([27 May 1405]) FRANÇOIS de Champagné Seigneur de la Motte-Ferchant, son of ---. 

e)         ELEONORE de Vendôme .  The contract between "Bochardum…comitem Vendocinensem…et…Alienordis de Monteforti comitisse Vindocinensis genetrix suæ" and "Rogerium Bernardi…comitem Petragoricensem", for the marriage of the latter and "domicellam Alienordim genitam dicti domini comitis Vindocinensis et…dominæ Alienordis de Britannia conjugem", is dated 3 Feb 1339, in the presence of "Talayrandi tituli Sancti Petri ad Vincula presbyter cardinalis, fratris…nostri comitis Petragoricensis"[1182]m ROGER BERNARD Comte de Périgord, son of HELIE [IX] TALAIRAND Comte de Périgord & his second wife Brunissende de Foix ([1303]-1363). 

f)          JEANNE de Vendôme (-29 Nov 1395, bur Paris, église des Mathurins).  Dame de Domfort.  m RENAUD Seigneur de Bretaincourt, son of ---. 

2.         JEAN de Vendôme"Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[1183]Seigneur de Feillet.  1320/[1335].  m MARGUERITE, daughter of --- (-16 Feb 1348, bur Chartres, église des Franciscains).  The necrology of the Frères Mineurs de Chartres records the death “16 Feb 1348“ of "domina Margareta condam uxor nobilis domini domini Johannis de Vindocino fratris comitis de Vindocino” and her burial at the church[1184]

3.         PIERRE de Vendôme .  1324/52.  Seigneur de Floire-au-Maine, de Torcé, de Châteauneuf-en-Guyenne at de Montaut.  m ---.  The name of Pierre's wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

a)         ISABELLE de Vendôme .  Dame de Floire, until 1371. 

4.         JEANNE de Vendôme m HENRI [IV] Sire de Sully, son of HENRI [III] Sire de Sully [Blois-Champagne] & his wife Marguerite de Beaumez Dame de Châteaumeillant (-1334 or after.  Grand bouteiller de France 1318.  Governor of the kingdom of Navarre 1329-1334. 

 

 

 

E.      COMTES de VENDÔME 1371-1514, DUCS de VENDÔME 1514-1589 (BOURBON)

 

 

JEAN de Bourbon, son of JACQUES I de Bourbon Comte de la Marche et de Ponthieu & his wife Jeanne de Châtillon dame de Leuzé et de Condé (1344-Vendôme 11 Jun 1393, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  He succeeded his brother 1361 as Comte de la Marche.  He was confirmed as Comte de la Marche 23 Dec 1371 at Paris by Charles V King of France.  He succeeded as Comte de Vendôme et de Castres 1371, by right of his wife.  Lieutenant General of the King in Limousin. 

m (contract Paris 28 Sep 1364) CATHERINE de Vendôme, daughter of JEAN [VI] Comte de Vendôme et de Castres & his wife Jeanne de Ponthieu [Castile] (-1 Apr 1412, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  She succeeded on the death of her brother 16 Nov 1371 as Ctss de Vendôme et de Castres. 

Comte Jean & his wife had seven children: 

1.         JACQUES [II] de Bourbon ([1369/70]-Besançon 24 Sep 1438, bur Besançon, couvent des Cordelières Sainte-Claire).  He succeeded his father in 1393 as Comte de la Marche et de Castres, in accordance with his parents' agreement 15 Sep 1390 concerning the division of their territories.  He joined the crusade summer 1395, and was captured at the siege of Nicopolis in 1396.  Grand Chamberlain 26 Jul 1397.  Under the marriage contract for his second marriage, he was to bear the title "Prince of Tarento".  However, after his arrival in Naples, his wife associated him with the government of the kingdom and he was styled "King of Hungary, Jerusalem, Sicily, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rania, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria and Bulgaria, Comte de Provence, de Forcalquier et de Piémont".  However, in an attempt to seize power he imprisoned his wife the Queen in her apartments in the palace.  She was released by the nobles who obliged Jacques to abandon the royal title.  He was imprisoned, leaving Naples on his release for Tarento where his wife's sister-in-law Marie d'Enghien lived, thereafter returning to France.  The county of Castres was given to his brother Louis de Bourbon Comte de Vendôme in 1425.  He became a monk at the convent of Saint-François at Besançon 1435.  m firstly (contract 15 Aug 1405, Pamplona 14 Sep 1406) Infanta doña BEATRIZ de Navarra, daughter of CARLOS III "el Noble" King of Navarre & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla y León (1386-1410).  m secondly as her second husband, JEANNE II Queen of Sicily, widow of WILHELM Duke of Styria and Inner Austria [Habsburg], daughter of CHARLES III King of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] & his wife Marguerite di Durazzo [Anjou-Capet] (Zara 25 Jun 1373-Naples 2 Feb 1435, bur Naples, Santa Annunziata).  The 15th century Cronachetta degli Sforza records that "la Regina Iohana" selected "misare Iacobo de Bornona conte de la Martia di Francia" as her husband in 1414[1185].  Comte Jacques & his first wife had three children: 

a)         ELEONORE de Bourbon (-after 11 Sep 1463).  She succeeded in 1435 as Ctss de la Marche et de Castres, when her father retired to a monastery.  Created Dss de Nemours (pair de France), with her husband, 3 Apr 1461 (registered 14 Apr).  m (contract 25 Jul 1429, in person 28 Jul 1429) BERNARD d'Armagnac Comte de Pardiac, son of BERNARD [VII] Comte d'Armagnac et de Rodez & his wife Bonne de Berry (29 Mar 1400-1462).  Vicomte de Carlat et de Murat 1434.  Comte de la Marche 1435, by right of his wife.  Connétable de France.  Created Duc de Nemours (pair de France), with his wife, 3 Apr 1461 (registered 14 Apr). 

b)         ISABELLE de Bourbon .  Nun at Besançon.  

c)         MARIE de Bourbon (1410-).  Nun at Amiens.  

Comte Jacques had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

d)         CLAUDE d'Aix (-Dôle, bur Dôle, couvent des Cordeliers).  Novice monk at the convent des Cordeliers at Dôle. 

2.         LOUIS de Bourbon ([1375/76]-Tours 21 Dec 1446, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  He succeeded his father in 1393 as Comte de Vendôme, châtelain d'Epernon, in accordance with his parents' agreement 15 Sep 1390 concerning the division of their territories.  Grand Chamberlain of France 17 Apr 1408.  He was captured at the battle of Agincourt 1415, remaining a prisoner in the Tower of London until 1424.  Lieutenant General in Champagne, Brie, Chartres, Beauce and Vendômois.  Comte de Castres 1425.  m firstly (contract 21 Dec 1414) BLANCHE de Roucy, daughter of HUGUES Comte de Roucy et de Braine & his wife Blanche de Coucy Dame de Montmirail (-22 Aug 1421, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  m secondly (contracts 21 Aug 1424 and Rennes 24 Aug 1424) JEANNE de Laval dame de Campzillon en Mesquer, daughter of [JEAN de Montfort] GUY XIII Sire de Laval & his wife Anne Dame de Laval et de Vitré (-Château de Lavardin 18 Dec 1468, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  Mistress (1): SIBYLLE Bostum, daughter of ---.  Comte Louis & his second wife had two children: 

a)         JEAN de Bourbon (after 1425-Château de Lavardin, near Vendôme 6 Jan 1477, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  He succeeded his father 1446 as Comte de Vendômem (contract Angers 9 Nov 1454) ISABEAU de Beauvau dame de Champigny-sur-Veude et de la Roche-sur-Yon, daughter of LOUIS de Beauvau Seigneur de Champigny et de la Roche-sur-Yon [Grand Seneschal of Provence] & his wife Marguerite de Chamblay (1436-1474, bur Vendôme, église Saint-Georges).  

-        LATER DESCENDANTS

b)         CATHERINE [Gabrielle] de Bourbon (-young).  

Comte Louis had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

c)          JEAN bâtard de Vendôme dit de Bourbon (in England [1440]-after 1496).  Legitimated May 1449 and 2 Feb 1469.  Seigneur de Préaux, de Vaussay et de Bonneval.  Governor of Vendômois 1489.  m firstly JEANNE d'Illiers, daughter of JEAN d'Illiers Seigneur de Radrets en Vendômois & his wife Catherine de Mailly.  m secondly (1451) GILLETTE Perdrielle, daughter of --- (Sens --- -).  Jean & his first wife had one child:

i)          MATHURINE de Vendôme

Jean & his second wife had six children:

ii)         JEAN de Vendôme (-[5 Mar 1483]).  Curé de Lunay.  Conseiller au parlement.  

iii)        FRANÇOIS de Vendôme (-before 1540).  Canon at Saint-Georges de Vendôme.  Curé de Lunay.  

iv)        JACQUES de Vendôme

v)         LOUISE de Vendôme m JEAN des Loges Seigneur de Toucheronde.  

vi)        MATHURINE de Vendôme (-before 3 Mar 1483)m (1479) PIERRE de Montigny Seigneur de la Boisse, son of JACQUES de Montigny Seigneur du Fresne, d'Authon et du Plessis-Godehoust & his wife Jeanne de Créaux (-before 13 Jun 1489). 

vii)       MARIE de Vendôme (-[1539])m firstly --- Seigneur de La Valette en Limousin, son of ---.  m secondly JACQUES de Gaudebert Seigneur des Forges, son of ---. 

3.         JEAN de Bourbon (-before Jan 1458).  Seigneur de Carency, in accordance with his parents' agreement 15 Sep 1390 concerning the division of their territories.  m firstly CATHERINE d'Artois, daughter of PHILIPPE d'Artois Comte d'Eu & his wife Marie de Berry (-before 3 Sep 1420).  m secondly (after 3 Sep 1420) as her second husband, JEANNE de Vendômois, widow of GERMAIN Ronsart, daughter of HAMELIN de Vendômois & his wife Alix de Bessé dame de Bessé-sur-Braye.  Jean & his second wife had eight children:

a)         LOUIS de Bourbon (-Paris after Jan 1458, bur Senlis, église des Cordeliers).  Legitimated by the subsequent marriage of his parents. 

b)         JEAN de Bourbon (-Compiègne, Oise ----).  Legitimated by the subsequent marriage of his parents. 

c)         JEANNE de Bourbon (-Tours ---, bur Tours).  Legitimated by the subsequent marriage of her parents.  She died aged 14.  

d)         PIERRE de Bourbon (Feb 1424-1481).  Seigneur de Carency.  A supporter of Charles "le Téméraire" Duke of Burgundy, his assets were confiscated 20 Apr 1469.  He was captured at Arras 1475, condemned to death but pardoned.  m as her first husband, PHILIPPE de Plaines, daughter of THOMAS de Plaines Seigneur de Maligny & his wife Jeanne de Gros.  She married secondly Jean [IV] de Lannoy Seigneur de Maingoval et d'Andregnies.  Pierre had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:    

i)          JEANNE bâtarde de Bourbon m (Moulins 21 May 1469) BERTRAND de Sallemard Seigneur de Ressis en Beaujolais et de la Fay en Forez, son of ---. 

e)         JACQUES de Bourbon (-after 1493).  Seigneur de Rochefort Aug 1451.  Seigneur de Carency 1469, after the confiscation of his older brother's assets.  m (Riom 1451) as her second husband, ANTOINETTE de La Tour, widow of JACQUES Aubert Seigneur de Montel de Gelat, de la Roche d'Agoux et d'Entragues, daughter of ANNET de La Tour Seigneur d'Oliergues & his wife Aelips de Vendat.  Jacques & his wife had two children: 

i)          CHARLES de Bourbon (-Château d'Albrest-sur-Allier after 1503, bur Vichy, église des Célestins).  Seigneur de Carency.  m firstly (contract 15 Jan 1468) DIDIERE de Vergy, daughter and heiress of JEAN [IV] de Vergy Seigneur de Saint-Dizier & his wife Marguerite de La Rocheguyon.  m secondly (contract 8 Nov 1481) ANTOINETTE de Chabannes, daughter of GEOFFROY de Chabannes Seigneur de Charlus & his wife Charlotte de Prie.  m thirdly (contract 18 Apr 1493) CATHERINE d'Alègre, daughter of BERTRAND de Tourzel dit d'Alègre Baron de Puysagut et de Busset & his wife Isabelle de Lévis.  Charles & his third wife had four children:

(a)       BERTRAND de Bourbon (-killed in battle Marignano 13 Sep 1515).  Seigneur de Carency. 

(b)       JEAN de Bourbon (-Moulins ----).  Seigneur de Carency. 

(c)       LOUISE de Bourbon . 

(d)       ISABELLE de Bourbon .  Dame de Carency.  m (contract 22 Feb 1516) FRANÇOIS de Pérusse des Cars Seigneur de La Vauguyon, son of GAUTHIER des Cars Seigneur de La Vauguyon & his wife Marie de Montberon (-after 1536). 

ii)         JEAN de Bourbon .  Seigneur de Rochefort et d'Arson.  m as her second husband, JEANNE de l'Isle, widow of ARNOUL Seigneur de La Hamayde et de Condé, daughter of JACQUES de l'Isle Seigneur de Fresne & his wife Catherine de Neufville. 

f)          PHILIPPE de Bourbon (-after 1492).  Seigneur de Duisant.  m CATHERINE de Lalaing, daughter of SANCHE de Lalaing Seigneur d'Optebaix & his wife Catherine de Robersart Dame de Bruille (-after 1477).  Philippe & his wife had one child: 

i)          ANTOINE de Bourbon .  Seigneur de Duisant.  m JEANNE de Habart, daughter of PIERRE de Habart Seigneur de Gournay & his wife Marie de Ranchico urt.  Antoine & his wife had three children: 

(a)       PIERRE de Bourbon (-young).  Seigneur de Duisant. 

(b)       PHILIPPE de Bourbon (-1530).  Seigneur de Duisant.  

(c)       JEANNE de Bourbon m (Moulins 20 Jan 1489) FRANÇOIS Rolin Seigneur de Beauchamp et de Monestroy, son of GUILLAUME Rolin Seigneur de Beauchamp & his wife Marie de Lévis (-Autun ----, bur Valenciennes, église Saint-Jean de Rempart). 

g)         ELEONORE de Bourbon (-Tours young, bur Tours).  

h)         ANDRIETTE de Bourbon (-Tours young, bur Tours). 

4.         [1186]ISABELLE de Bourbon .  Dominican nun at Poissy.  

5.         ANNE de Bourbon (-Paris Sep 1408, bur Paris, église des Jacobins)m firstly (1390) as his second wife, JEAN de Berry Comte de Montpensier, son of JEAN de France Duc de Berry et d'Auvergne [Valois] & his first wife Jeanne d'Armagnac (4 Feb 1377-1397[1187]).  According to Kerrebrouck, Jean died after his father, although he cites no source in support[1188].  Such a late date of death is inconsistent with his wife's remarriage in 1402, unless she was divorced from her first husband although no mention of any such divorce has been found.  m secondly (Paris 1 Oct 1402) as his first wife, LUDWIG von Bayern-Ingolstadt, son of STEFAN III Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt & his wife Taddea Visconti of Milan ([20 Dec 1365/1369]-in prison Burghausen 1/2 May 1447, bur Raitenhaslach).  He succeeded his father in 1413 as LUDWIG VII "der Bärtige" Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt.   

6.         CHARLOTTE de Bourbon (1388-Nicosia 15 Jan 1422, bur Nicosia, Dominican church).  A document dated 10 Jan 1409 (presumably old-style) records the arrangements for the voyage of "domine sorori domini Marchie" from Venice to Cyprus[1189].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the arrival in Cyprus of "damisella Carlotta de Borbon, moglie de re Zegno" and her marriage 25 Aug, in 1411 from the context, "a Santa Sophia"[1190].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 15 Jan, without specifying the year, of "la…regina Carlotta" and her burial "al monasterio di Predicatori"[1191].  She died of the plague.  m (by proxy Melun 2 Aug 1409, in person Nicosia St Sophia 25 Aug 1411) as his second wife, JANUS I King of Cyprus, son of JACQUES I King of Cyprus & his wife Helvis von Braunschweig (Genoa [1374/75]-29 Jun 1432, bur Nicosia, Dominican church).   

7.         MARIE de Bourbon ([1391]-after 11 Sep 1463).  Dame de Bréhencourt.  She married after being kidnapped by her future husband.  She succeeded her mother as Dame de Curvalle en Albigeois, where she was imprisoned by her brother Jacques de Bourbon Comte de la Marche.  She sold all her assets 28 Jan 1458.  m JEAN de Baynes Seigneur d'Escroux, son of ---.  

Comte Jean had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

8.          JEAN bâtard de la Marche (-after 1435)m[1192] (Nicosia, Cyprus) EKATERINA Paros, from Rhodos, daughter of ---. 

 

 

 

F.      VICOMTES de VENDÔME

 

 

1.         FULCRAD (-after 19 Jul 985).  Vicomte de Vendôme.  "Gaufridus atque Burchardus comites" confirmed the donation by "collibertam nostram Ermengardam" at the request of "fidelis nostri Fulchardi vicecomitis" by charter dated 19 Jul 985, subscribed by "Gaufredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius"[1193]

 

 

1.         HUBERT (-after 1006).  Vicomte de Vendôme.  A charter dated to [1006/40] records that "Hubertus Vindocinensium vicecomes" transferred "curtem et ecclesiam Maziaci" to Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou to obtain the bishopric of Angers for "filio suo Huberto"[1194].  The editor of the compilation records that Hubert later donated "alodium meum in pago Vindocinensi...in villa...Buziacus" {Besai} to Marmoutier in expiation for this request[1195].  It should be noted that "Adela mater Fulcherii Vincocinensis" also donated property "de Burzeio" to Marmoutier[1196], suggesting a close family connection between her and Vicomte Hubert (maybe through his wife).  m EMMELINE, daughter of --- (-20 Apr ----).  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XII Kal Mai" of "Hamelina mater domini Huberti episcopi"[1197].  Steven Fanning has suggested that Emeline was the daughter of Fulcrad Vicomte de Vendôme, whom her husband succeeded in the vicomté, and brother of Foucher “le Riche” (see below Part G), based on the property donations quoted in the present section and also the apparent transmission of names in the two families[1198].  The hypothesis is attractive.  However, if there was a family connection, it seems more likely that Vicomte Fulcrad would have been the father of two daughters, Emeline and Hildearde [Adela] who is recorded as the wife of Foucher “le Riche”, otherwise it would be difficult to explain why Foucher did not succeed his father as vicomte de Vendôme.  Hubert & his wife had five children: 

a)         GUILLAUME (-28 Oct ----).  Vicomte de VendômeThe necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "V Kal Nov" of "Guillelmus vicecomes frater domini Huberti episcopi nostri"[1199]

b)         HUBERT (-1047, after 2 Mar)Bishop of Angers .  "Hubertus…Andecavensium episcopus" renounced certain rights in favour of Angers cathedral by charter dated 26 Aug 1025 which names "genitore meo Huberto vicecomite Vindcinensium…matre mea Emma"[1200].  "Huberti Andegavensium episcopi…et neptis illius Emme atque Radulfi vicecomitis Cenomannensium mariti eius filiorumque eorum" consented to the donation to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou made by "Aremburgis relicta vidua Thetuini Strabonis…et filiam suam Hildegardem" by undated charter[1201].  A charter dated to [1006/40] records that "Hubertus Vindocinensium vicecomes" transferred "curtem et ecclesiam Maziaci" to Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou to obtain the bishopric of Angers for "filio suo Huberto"[1202].  The Annales Sancti Albini Andegavensis record the death of "Hubertus episcopus" in 1047[1203].  The life and times of Bishop Hubert have been considered by Steven Fanning[1204]

c)         RAOUL [Payen] .  "…Huberti Andecavensis episcopi…Radulfi vicecomitis de Vindocino…" witnessed the charter dated to [1047] under which "miles de Vindocino Hugo…et uxor eius…Adila" donated property to Marmoutier[1205]

d)         GODEHILDE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  

e)         ADELBERGE (-27 May ----).  Her parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Huberti Andegavensium episcopi…et neptis illius Emme atque Radulfi vicecomitis Cenomannensium mariti eius filiorumque eorum" consented to the donation to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou made by "Aremburgis relicta vidua Thetuini Strabonis…et filiam suam Hildegardem"[1206].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Père Anselme names “Etienne seigneur de Montreveau et...Adelburge héritière du Lude” as the parents of the wife of Raoul Vicomte de Beaumont but cites no primary source[1207].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "VI Kal Jun" of "Hadeberga soror Huberti episcopi"[1208]m ETIENNE de Montevrault {Grand-Montrevault, Cholet, Maine-et-Loire}, son of ---.  Etienne & his wife had one child: 

i)          EMME de Montevrault (-12 Sep 1058, bur Saint-Serge d'Angers).  "Huberti Andegavensium episcopi…et neptis illius Emme atque Radulfi vicecomitis Cenomannensium mariti eius filiorumque eorum" consented to the donation to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou made by "Aremburgis relicta vidua Thetuini Strabonis…et filiam suam Hildegardem" by undated charter[1209].  Dame du Lude.  "Radulfus vicecomes cum uxore sua Amelina" sold the church of Luché to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated to [1057][1210].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "II Id Sep" of "Emma vicecomitissa Cenomanensis neptis Huberti episcopi"[1211]m (before 3 Mar 1048) as his first wife, RAOUL [IV] Vicomte de Beaumont, son of RAOUL [III] de Beaumont Vicomte du Maine & his wife Eremburgis --- (-[11 Jun] [after 1070]). 

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Lavardin (-after [1037]).  Vicomte.  "Matrem Gosfridi de Prulliaco, Amelinam" appointed Eudes II Comte de Blois to oversee "terram apud Balneolas", by charter dated to before 1037 which adds that he appointed "Rotberto vicecomiti de Lavarzino" as his deputy for this purpose[1212]

 

 

 

G.      FAMILY of FOUCHER "le Riche"

 

 

I am grateful to Michel Lecamp for his help in clarifying some of the relationships in this and related sections. 

 

 

1.         FOUCHER [I] "le Riche" (-before [1060]).  "Fulcherius miles et uxor mea Aldeardis et filii nostri Wlgrinus et Fulcherius" donated "alodum…in pago Vindocinense in villa Rusciaco" by charter dated to [1050/60][1213]m HILDEARDE [Adela], daughter of --- (-after [1061]).  A charter dated to [1050] records the sale by "Guismando", with the consent of "uxore sua…Emelina…filio eorum…Guismando…nec non Gisleberto fratre Emeline", of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino", with the consent of "filii quoque predicte Hildiardis, Fulcherius…et Wulgrinus…Arnulfus…nepos eius…et Lancelinus de Balgenciaco", the charter recording that after the death of Hildiarde "Guismandus filius Guismandi" unjustly claimed the mill, signed by "Ingelbaldum de Vindocino, Gislebertum…"[1214].  "Adela mater Fulcherii Vincocinensis" donated property "de Burzeio" {Besai} to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filio suo Fulcherio et filia sua Agnete uxore Gelduini de Malliaco et filio ipsius Agnetis Hugone", by undated charter[1215].  It should be noted that Hubert Vicomte de Vendôme also donated "alodium meum in pago Vindocinensi...in villa...Buziacus" to Marmoutier[1216], suggesting a close family connection between him (maybe through his wife) and Hildearde.  "Fulcherius miles et uxor mea Aldeardis et filii nostri Wlgrinus et Fulcherius" donated "alodum…in pago Vindocinense in villa Rusciaco" by charter dated to [1050/60][1217].  "Adela, mater Fulcherii vincocinensis" donated property at Burzais to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filio suo Fulcherio et filia sua Agnete uxore Gilduino de Malliaco et filio ipsius Agnete Hugone", by charter dated to [1060][1218].  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061], witnessed by "Hildeardis, Vulgrinus filius eius…"[1219].  Foucher & his wife had four children: 

a)         FOUCHER [II] "le Riche" (-1118 or after).  A charter dated to [1050] records the sale by "Guismando" of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino", with the consent of "filii quoque predicte Hildiardis, Fulcherius…et Wulgrinus…Arnulfus…nepos eius…et Lancelinus de Balgenciaco"[1220].  "Fulcherius miles et uxor mea Aldeardis et filii nostri Wlgrinus et Fulcherius" donated "alodum…in pago Vindocinense in villa Rusciaco" by charter dated to [1050/60][1221].  "Adela, mater Fulcherii vincocinensis" donated property at Burzais to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filio suo Fulcherio et filia sua Agnete uxore Gilduino de Malliaco et filio ipsius Agnete Hugone", by charter dated to [1060][1222].  "Nihardus Gisleberti filius" abandoned his claim against Marmoutier for the mill of La Chappe, with the consent of "sorore Maria Arnulfo et Archembaldo eiusdem fratribus", by charter dated to [1061], witnessed by "Hildeardis, Vulgrinus filius eius…"[1223].  "Fulcherium de Turre, eiusque sororem…Agnen, Gilduini de Malliaco recens defuncti conjugem" donated a serf to Marmoutier by charter dated 1062[1224].  "Adela mater Fulcherii Vincocinensis" donated property "de Burzeio" to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filio suo Fulcherio et filia sua Agnete uxore Gelduini de Malliaco et filio ipsius Agnetis Hugone", by undated charter[1225].  "Fulcherius de Vindocino cognominento Richis" donated "allodium…Spinochias" to Marmoutier by undated charter[1226].  "Fulcherius Richi Fulcherii de Vindocino filius", on his deathbed, confirmed the donation of "villam…Savoneries…juxta terram…Spinochias" by "Fulcherio patre suo" to Marmoutier by undated charter[1227].  "Fulcherius de Vindocino cognomento Richus" donated property to the monks at Lavardin by charter dated 1118[1228]m ---.  The name of Foucher´s wife is not known.  Foucher & his wife had children: 

i)          HERSENDE .  "Miles quidam de Castro Duno Gradulfus…atque Hersendis uxor eius" donated land at Putaux and Carcona to Marmoutier, with the consent of "eorum infantibus Fulcherio…Petro, Guidone et Hadensi" and "Fulcherius de Vindocino eidem Hersendi filiæ suæ", by charter dated to [1060/80], which names "Gauscelino fratre ipsius" (referring to Foucher) witnessed by "…Lancelinus de Balgenciaco…"[1229]m GRADULFE de Montigny, son of ---. 

ii)         HILDEGARDE [Dometa/Domitilla] (-[1100/01]).  A charter dated to [1060/81] records that "Ingebaldus Brito…uxori eius Hildegardi" unjustly appropriated property which had been donated to Marmoutier, and names "filiis…eorum primogenito Wlgrino…Fulcherio et Paganello…Hugo", witnessed by "Herveo de Lavarzino, Avelina uxore eius…"[1230].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1066/75], relating to the dispute with Marmoutier about the mill at La Chappe, in which "Ingelbaldo Brittone" names "Fulcherius pater uxoris sue"[1231].  "Dometa…de Vindocino" donated three quarters of the church of Lancé to Marmoutier, and "Drogo Ansberti filius" the remaining quarter with the consent of "conjugis suæ Aemeline filiorumque suorum Bernardi et Hugonis ac filiarum suarum Tesseline, Aremburgis, Johannæ", by charter dated 1090[1232].  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle [recently deceased] Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier[1233]m INGELBAUD Brito, son of --- (-after Nov 1066). 

b)         JOSCELIN .  "Miles quidam de Castro Duno Gradulfus…atque Hersendis uxor eius" donated land at Putaux and Carcona to Marmoutier, with the consent of "eorum infantibus Fulcherio…Petro, Guidone et Hadensi" and "Fulcherius de Vindocino eidem Hersendi filiæ suæ", by charter dated to [1060/80], which names "Gauscelino fratre ipsius" (referring to Foucher)[1234]

c)         VULGRIN (-1065, bur Le Mans Saint-Vincent).  A charter dated to [1050] records the sale by "Guismando" of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino", with the consent of "filii quoque predicte Hildiardis, Fulcherius…et Wulgrinus…Arnulfus…nepos eius…et Lancelinus de Balgenciaco"[1235].  "Fulcherius miles et uxor mea Aldeardis et filii nostri Wlgrinus et Fulcherius" donated "alodum…in pago Vindocinense in villa Rusciaco" by charter dated to [1050/60][1236]Bishop of Le Mans 1055: the Actus pontificum Cenomannis records "Wulgrinus ex Vindocinensi castello ortus, miles quidem primum, deinde monachus effectus, in coenobio S. Martini monasterii Majoris" as bishop of Le Mans for “annos viiii menses viii dies xi” and his burial “in capitulo S. Vincentii martyris[1237]

d)         ADELA (-[after 1040]).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1050/66] which records that "Fulcherius de Turre, Hildegardis…ex filia nepos" claimed the mill at La Chappe from the monks of Marmoutier, claiming that "pater suus…Rotgerius…mater…ipsius Adela" previously held it[1238].  "Adela, Fulcherii nata, Hugonis femina" donated "in villa…Marcelli terram", with the consent of "meo filio Fulcherio necnon sorore sua Agnete" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1040[1239].  "Addela…genitoris mei Fulcherii preclara…Hugonis conjugis mei devota" donated property "in Burziaco" to Saint-Martin by undated charter[1240]m firstly ROGER de la Tour, son of ---.  m secondly HUGUES de Doubleau Seigneur de Mondoubleau, son of --- (-[1030/40]). 

 

 

 

 

H.      FAMILY of LETHER [de VENDÔME]

 

 

1.         LETHER [de Vendôme] .  m ---.  The name of Lether´s wife is not known.  Lether & his wife had one child: 

a)         THIBAUT (-after 1072).  "Tetbaldus…miles filius Letirii" renounced claims against Marmoutier relating to land at Brentères, which he held "de jure uxoris…Elie", with the consent of "supra nominata uxore sua et filiis…Arnulfo, Burchardo et filiabus Aremburge atque Guitburge", by charter dated to [1032/64][1241].  A charter dated 1064 records a dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii…et uxori ipsius ac de filiis eorum Arnulfus" and the monks of Marmoutier about rights relating to the church of Naveil, claimed to have been sold to them by "Rotbertum de Marciliaco socerum suum", witnessed by "Ingelbaldo Britone…Ingelbaldo filio Adelaudi…"[1242].  An undated charter records the continuing dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil, and names "uxor eius Helia…liberis suis Arnulfo, Burchardo, Aremburge atque Guitburge"[1243].  A third charter records the settlement between "militem quemdam vindocienensem Tetbaldum…filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil, witnessed by "Ingelbaldo Britone, Wlgrino filio eius, Fulcherio de Turre…"[1244].  "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier by charter dated 1066, confirmed by "uxor eiusdem comitis…Petronilla" after her husband died, witnessed by "Albericus de Monte-aureo, Ingelbaldus Brito, Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaldi, Rainaldus cantor frater ipsius Petronille, Fulcherius de Turre, Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius, Tetbaldus filius Leterii"[1245].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem", which names "uxor eius Elia…et filii eius Arnulfus…et Tetbaldus et Matheus et Rotbertus…et filie eius Johanna et Agnes", witnessed by "Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaudi…"[1246].  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "Hamelinus…de Lengiaco", witnessed by "…Wlgrinus, Gaufredus frater eius…Fulcherius de Turre…", and with the consent of "uxore sua Helia…et filiis eius Arnulfo, Burchardo, Tetbaldo, Matheo, Rotberto et filiabus eius Johanna et Agnete"[1247]m HELIE de Marcilly, daughter of ROBERT de Marcilly & his wife --- (-after 1072).  "Tetbaldus…miles filius Letirii" renounced claims against Marmoutier relating to land at Brentères, which he held "de jure uxoris…Elie", with the consent of "supra nominata uxore sua et filiis…Arnulfo, Burchardo et filiabus Aremburge atque Guitburge", by charter dated to [1032/64][1248].  An undated charter records the continuing dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil, and names "uxor eius Helia…liberis suis Arnulfo, Burchardo, Aremburge atque Guitburge"[1249].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1064 which records a dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii…et uxori ipsius ac de filiis eorum Arnulfus" and the monks of Marmoutier about rights relating to the church of Naveil, claimed to have been sold to them by "Rotbertum de Marciliaco socerum suum"[1250].  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "uxore sua Helia…et filiis eius Arnulfo, Burchardo, Tetbaldo, Matheo, Rotberto et filiabus eius Johanna et Agnete"[1251].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem", which names "uxor eius Elia…et filii eius Arnulfus…et Tetbaldus et Matheus et Rotbertus…et filie eius Johanna et Agnes"[1252].  Thibaut & his wife had eight children: 

i)          ARNOUL .  "Tetbaldus…miles filius Letirii" renounced claims against Marmoutier relating to land at Brentères, which he held "de jure uxoris…Elie", with the consent of "supra nominata uxore sua et filiis…Arnulfo, Burchardo et filiabus Aremburge atque Guitburge", by charter dated to [1032/64][1253].  A charter dated 1064 which records a dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii…et uxori ipsius ac de filiis eorum Arnulfus" and the monks of Marmoutier about rights relating to the church of Naveil, claimed to have been sold to them by "Rotbertum de Marciliaco socerum suum"[1254].  An undated charter records the continuing dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil, and names "uxor eius Helia…liberis suis Arnulfo, Burchardo, Aremburge atque Guitburge"[1255].  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "uxore sua Helia…et filiis eius Arnulfo, Burchardo, Tetbaldo, Matheo, Rotberto et filiabus eius Johanna et Agnete"[1256].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem", which names "uxor eius Elia…et filii eius Arnulfus…et Tetbaldus et Matheus et Rotbertus…et filie eius Johanna et Agnes"[1257]

ii)         BOUCHARD (-[before 1072]).  "Tetbaldus…miles filius Letirii" renounced claims against Marmoutier relating to land at Brentères, which he held "de jure uxoris…Elie", with the consent of "supra nominata uxore sua et filiis…Arnulfo, Burchardo et filiabus Aremburge atque Guitburge", by charter dated to [1032/64][1258].  An undated charter records the continuing dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil, and names "uxor eius Helia…liberis suis Arnulfo, Burchardo, Aremburge atque Guitburge"[1259].  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "uxore sua Helia…et filiis eius Arnulfo, Burchardo, Tetbaldo, Matheo, Rotberto et filiabus eius Johanna et Agnete"[1260].  It is assumed that he died before 1072, the date of the charter in which his brothers and sisters are named. 

iii)        AREMBURGE .  "Tetbaldus…miles filius Letirii" renounced claims against Marmoutier relating to land at Brentères, which he held "de jure uxoris…Elie", with the consent of "supra nominata uxore sua et filiis…Arnulfo, Burchardo et filiabus Aremburge atque Guitburge", by charter dated to [1032/64][1261].  An undated charter records the continuing dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil, and names "uxor eius Helia…liberis suis Arnulfo, Burchardo, Aremburge atque Guitburge"[1262]

iv)       GUITBURGE .  "Tetbaldus…miles filius Letirii" renounced claims against Marmoutier relating to land at Brentères, which he held "de jure uxoris…Elie", with the consent of "supra nominata uxore sua et filiis…Arnulfo, Burchardo et filiabus Aremburge atque Guitburge", by charter dated to [1032/64][1263].  An undated charter records the continuing dispute between "Tetbaldum de Vindocino, filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil, and names "uxor eius Helia…liberis suis Arnulfo, Burchardo, Aremburge atque Guitburge"[1264]

v)        THIBAUT .  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "uxore sua Helia…et filiis eius Arnulfo, Burchardo, Tetbaldo, Matheo, Rotberto et filiabus eius Johanna et Agnete"[1265].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem", which names "uxor eius Elia…et filii eius Arnulfus…et Tetbaldus et Matheus et Rotbertus…et filie eius Johanna et Agnes"[1266]

vi)       MATTHIEU .  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "uxore sua Helia…et filiis eius Arnulfo, Burchardo, Tetbaldo, Matheo, Rotberto et filiabus eius Johanna et Agnete"[1267].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem", which names "uxor eius Elia…et filii eius Arnulfus…et Tetbaldus et Matheus et Rotbertus…et filie eius Johanna et Agnes"[1268]

vii)      JEANNE .  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "uxore sua Helia…et filiis eius Arnulfo, Burchardo, Tetbaldo, Matheo, Rotberto et filiabus eius Johanna et Agnete"[1269].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem", which names "uxor eius Elia…et filii eius Arnulfus…et Tetbaldus et Matheus et Rotbertus…et filie eius Johanna et Agnes"[1270]

viii)     AGNES .  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "uxore sua Helia…et filiis eius Arnulfo, Burchardo, Tetbaldo, Matheo, Rotberto et filiabus eius Johanna et Agnete"[1271].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem", which names "uxor eius Elia…et filii eius Arnulfus…et Tetbaldus et Matheus et Rotbertus…et filie eius Johanna et Agnes"[1272]

 

 

 

I.        FAMILY of INGELBAUD BRITO

 

 

1.         INGELBAUD Brito (-after Nov 1066).  "Ingelbaldo Britone, Wlgrino filio eius, Fulcherio de Turre…" witnessed an undated charter which records the settlement between "militem quemdam vindocienensem Tetbaldum…filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil[1273].  A charter dated to [1043/61] records the return to Marmoutier by "Ascelinus Jotardus, Guillelmi vicarius filius" of property he held from "Ingelbaldo Britanno" and the payment of compensation to "Ingelbaldi Britonni uxori…et Wlgrimo filio suo…et Gausfrido pagano filio suo…et Fulcherio clerico filio suo…et Fulconi nepoti suo…", by charter dated to [1043/61][1274].  "Ingelbaldum de Vindocino, Gislebertum…" witnessed the charter dated to [1050] which records the sale by "Guismando" of a mill at La Chappe to "Hildiardis, uxor Fulcherii de Vindocino"[1275].  "Ingelbaldo Brittone, Hugone filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1065 which records a donation by "militem quemdam de Vindocino Wismandum" to Marmoutier[1276].  "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier by charter dated 1066, confirmed by "uxor eiusdem comitis…Petronilla" after her husband died, witnessed by "Albericus de Monte-aureo, Ingelbaldus Brito, Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaldi, Rainaldus cantor frater ipsius Petronille, Fulcherius de Turre, Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius, Tetbaldus filius Leterii"[1277].  A charter dated to [1060/81] records that "Ingebaldus Brito…uxori eius Hildegardi" unjustly appropriated property which had been donated to Marmoutier, and names "filiis…eorum primogenito Wlgrino…Fulcherio et Paganello…Hugo", witnessed by "Herveo de Lavarzino, Avelina uxore eius…"[1278]m HILDEGARDE [Dometa/Domitilla], daughter of FOUCHER [II] "le Riche" & his wife --- (-[1100/01]).  A charter dated to [1060/81] records that "Ingebaldus Brito…uxori eius Hildegardi" unjustly appropriated property which had been donated to Marmoutier, and names "filiis…eorum primogenito Wlgrino…Fulcherio et Paganello…Hugo", witnessed by "Herveo de Lavarzino, Avelina uxore eius…"[1279].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1066/75], relating to the dispute with Marmoutier about the mill at La Chappe, in which "Ingelbaldo Brittone" names "Fulcherius pater uxoris sue"[1280].  "Dometa…de Vindocino" donated three quarters of the church of Lancé to Marmoutier, and "Drogo Ansberti filius" the remaining quarter with the consent of "conjugis suæ Aemeline filiorumque suorum Bernardi et Hugonis ac filiarum suarum Tesseline, Aremburgis, Johannæ", by charter dated 1090[1281].  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle [recently deceased] Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier[1282].  Ingelbaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         VULGRIN (-after [1094]).  A charter dated to [1043/61] records the return to Marmoutier by "Ascelinus Jotardus, Guillelmi vicarius filius" of property he held from "Ingelbaldo Britanno" and the payment of compensation to "Ingelbaldi Britonni uxori…et Wlgrimo filio suo…et Gausfrido pagano filio suo…et Fulcherio clerico filio suo…et Fulconi nepoti suo…", by charter dated to [1043/61][1283].  "Ingelbaldo Britone, Wlgrino filio eius, Fulcherio de Turre…" witnessed an undated charter which records the settlement between "militem quemdam vindocienensem Tetbaldum…filium Leterii" and the monks of Marmoutier relating to the church of Naveil[1284].  "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier by charter dated 1066, confirmed by "uxor eiusdem comitis…Petronilla" after her husband died, witnessed by "Albericus de Monte-aureo, Ingelbaldus Brito, Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaldi, Rainaldus cantor frater ipsius Petronille, Fulcherius de Turre, Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius, Tetbaldus filius Leterii"[1285].  A charter dated 1072 records a final settlement of all disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier, before "comitem Guidonem", witnessed by "Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaudi…"[1286].  "…Wlgrinus, Gaufredus frater eius…Fulcherius de Turre…" witnessed the charter dated to [1066/75] which records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil[1287].  A charter dated to [1060/81] records that "Ingebaldus Brito…uxori eius Hildegardi" unjustly appropriated property which had been donated to Marmoutier, and names "filiis…eorum primogenito Wlgrino…Fulcherio et Paganello…Hugo", witnessed by "Herveo de Lavarzino, Avelina uxore eius…"[1288].  "Vulgrinum filium Ingelbaldi de Vindocino et Gaufridum Paganum fratrem ipsius" donated the churches of Lancé to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1094][1289]

b)         GEOFFROY [Payen] (-after 1100).  A charter dated to [1043/61] records the return to Marmoutier by "Ascelinus Jotardus, Guillelmi vicarius filius" of property he held from "Ingelbaldo Britanno" and the payment of compensation to "Ingelbaldi Britonni uxori…et Wlgrimo filio suo…et Gausfrido pagano filio suo…et Fulcherio clerico filio suo…et Fulconi nepoti suo…", by charter dated to [1043/61][1290]

-        see below

c)         FOUCHER (-after 1100).  A charter dated to [1043/61] records the return to Marmoutier by "Ascelinus Jotardus, Guillelmi vicarius filius" of property he held from "Ingelbaldo Britanno" and the payment of compensation to "Ingelbaldi Britonni uxori…et Wlgrimo filio suo…et Gausfrido pagano filio suo…et Fulcherio clerico filio suo…et Fulconi nepoti suo…", by charter dated to [1043/61][1291].  A charter dated to [1060/81] records that "Ingebaldus Brito…uxori eius Hildegardi" unjustly appropriated property which had been donated to Marmoutier, and names "filiis…eorum primogenito Wlgrino…Fulcherio et Paganello…Hugo", witnessed by "Herveo de Lavarzino, Avelina uxore eius…"[1292].  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle [recently deceased] Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier[1293]

d)         HUGUES (-after 1065).  "Ingelbaldo Brittone, Hugone filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1065 which records a donation by "militem quemdam de Vindocino Wismandum" to Marmoutier[1294]

 

 

GEOFFROY [Payen], son of INGELBAUD Brito & his wife Hildegarde [Dometa/Domitilla] --- (-after 1100).  A charter dated to [1043/61] records the return to Marmoutier by "Ascelinus Jotardus, Guillelmi vicarius filius" of property he held from "Ingelbaldo Britanno" and the payment of compensation to "Ingelbaldi Britonni uxori…et Wlgrimo filio suo…et Gausfrido pagano filio suo…et Fulcherio clerico filio suo…et Fulconi nepoti suo…", by charter dated to [1043/61][1295].  "…Wlgrinus, Gaufredus frater eius…Fulcherius de Turre…" witnessed the charter dated to [1066/75] which records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil[1296].  A charter dated to [1060/81] records that "Ingebaldus Brito…uxori eius Hildegardi" unjustly appropriated property which had been donated to Marmoutier, and names "filiis…eorum primogenito Wlgrino…Fulcherio et Paganello…Hugo", witnessed by "Herveo de Lavarzino, Avelina uxore eius…"[1297].  "Vulgrinum filium Ingelbaldi de Vindocino et Gaufridum Paganum fratrem ipsius" donated the churches of Lancé to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1094][1298].  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle", recently deceased, "Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier, signed by "Gaufredus Paganus et filii sui Bartholomeus, Ingelbaldus, Wlgrinus, Gaufredus"[1299]

m ---.  The name of Geoffroy´s wife is not known. 

Geoffroy & his wife had five children: 

1.         BARTHELEMY "le Riche" (-[1148]).  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle", recently deceased, "Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier, signed by "Gaufredus Paganus et filii sui Bartholomeus, Ingelbaldus, Wlgrinus, Gaufredus"[1300].  "Bartholomeus filius Goffredi-Pagani et fratres eius" were present when "Hugo de Cuscheri" donated property to Marmoutier by charter dated 1120, and "Gauzfredus filius comitis Vindocini, Bartholomeus et Willelmus fratres eius, Jeremias de Turre…" witnessed a later confirmation of the same donation[1301].  "Goffridus comes, Bartholomeus, Wulgrinus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 21 Jan 1130 under which "Goffridus filius Goffridi comitis qui Grisagonella vocabatur" renounced his claim to "terra…prope Villam-Dei" in favour of La Trinité de Vendôme, at the request of "Mahildis comitissæ, matrius illius Goffridi"[1302].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, with the consent of “f sui Engelbaudus præpositus, Vulgrinus, Maria, Guamardus vir eius”, by charter dated to [1116/36][1303].  "…Domnus Bartholomeus de Vindocino, Wlgrinus frater eius…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[1304].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated "terre juxta Planos-Baufredi" to Tiron Sainte-Trinité, with the consent of “Goffredus sororius meus et soror mea Maria et filius eorum Johannes et filie eorum”, by charter dated to [1140][1305].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated revenue to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1143, later consented to by "filia supradicti Bartholomei Domitilla adhuc parva puella"[1306].  "Domnus Balgenciaci…Simon" donated the fair of St Bienheuré to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1145, witnessed by "Bartholomeus de Vindocino…"[1307].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][1308].  A charter dated to [1148] records that the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme claimed a serf from "Bartolomeus" and, after his death while on Crusade, from "filia sua Josberto de Boschet…desponsata"[1309].  "Bartholomeus Dives et Maria soror eius uxor Goffredi de Lavarzino" donated a wood at Vendôme to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Burchardi et Lancelini filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1148/56], witnessed by "…Vulgrino fratre Bartholomei Divitis…"[1310]m ---.  The name of Barthélemy´s wife is not known.  GUIBURGE, daughter of ILBERT [Pagan] de Fréteval Seigneur de Montdoubleau & his first wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Barthélemy & his wife had four children: 

a)         BOUCHARD .  "Bartholomeus Dives et Maria soror eius uxor Goffredi de Lavarzino" donated a wood at Vendôme to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Burchardi et Lancelini filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1148/56], witnessed by "…Vulgrino fratre Bartholomei Divitis…"[1311]

b)         LANCELIN .  "Bartholomeus Dives et Maria soror eius uxor Goffredi de Lavarzino" donated a wood at Vendôme to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Burchardi et Lancelini filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1148/56], witnessed by "…Vulgrino fratre Bartholomei Divitis…"[1312]

c)         DOMITILLA .  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated revenue to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 1143, later consented to by "filia supradicti Bartholomei Domitilla adhuc parva puella"[1313]

d)         ADELA [Adelais] (-after 1194).  A charter dated to [1148] records that the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme claimed a serf from "Bartolomeus" and, after his death while on Crusade, from "filia sua Josberto de Boschet…desponsata", by charter dated 1147[1314].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][1315].  "Domina Aales uxor avi mea et domina Johanna mater mea" consented to the donation by "Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteaudun by charter dated 1194[1316].  That "domina Aales uxor avi mea" was the wife of Gosbert de Preuilly is confirmed by the charter dated 1212 under which "G comes Castriduni et A uxor mea" donated property to the abbey of Bécheron in which he names "dominus Jobertus de Guerchia avus meus et Johanna mater mea filia ipsius, comitissa d'Alençon"[1317]m (before 1147) GOSBERT de Preuilly dit de la Guerche Seigneur du Bouchet, son of --- (-before 1205). 

2.         INGELBAUD (-Sep 1156).  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle", recently deceased, "Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier, signed by "Gaufredus Paganus et filii sui Bartholomeus, Ingelbaldus, Wlgrinus, Gaufredus"[1318].  Provost at Tours before 1132.  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, with the consent of “f sui Engelbaudus præpositus, Vulgrinus, Maria, Guamardus vir eius”, by charter dated to [1116/36][1319]Archbishop of Tours 1147.  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][1320]

3.         VULGRIN (-after [1155]).  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle", recently deceased, "Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier, signed by "Gaufredus Paganus et filii sui Bartholomeus, Ingelbaldus, Wlgrinus, Gaufredus"[1321].  "Tetbaldus de Lagrevia et Vulgrinus filius Gauffredi Pagani" renounced their claims against Marmoutier by charter dated 1120[1322].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, with the consent of “f sui Engelbaudus præpositus, Vulgrinus, Maria, Guamardus vir eius”, by charter dated to [1116/36][1323].  "Goffridus comes, Bartholomeus, Wulgrinus frater eius…" witnessed the charter dated 21 Jan 1130 under which "Goffridus filius Goffridi comitis qui Grisagonella vocabatur" renounced his claim to "terra…prope Villam-Dei" in favour of La Trinité de Vendôme, at the request of "Mahildis comitissæ, matrius illius Goffridi"[1324].  "…Goffirdus de Lavarzino filius eius, Heremias, Wlgrimus frater Bartholomei…" witnessed the charter dated 6 Nov 1134 under which "Goffridus comes Vindocinensis cognomento Grizagonella" confirmed the right of passage in the forest of Gâtines[1325].  "…Domnus Bartholomeus de Vindocino, Wlgrinus frater eius…" were present at the charter dated to [1130/39] which records that "Hamelinus de Leniaiis" had donated income to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme which was confirmed by "Petrus de Monteaureo" who wished to make the donation of "patris sui" permanent[1326].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][1327].  "Bartholomeus Dives et Maria soror eius uxor Goffredi de Lavarzino" donated a wood at Vendôme to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Burchardi et Lancelini filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1148/56], witnessed by "…Vulgrino fratre Bartholomei Divitis…"[1328].  Robert Bishop of Chartres freed the church of Saint-Gilderic de Chauvigny in favour of Marmoutier by charter dated to after 1155 “ex concessione domine Marie de Lavardino et Johannis filii eius, Vulgrini quoque fratris domini Gaufredi, Hervei, Agnetis et Domitille[1329]

4.         GEOFFROY (-after 1101).  A charter dated 1101 records the purchase by "filii Domitelle", recently deceased, "Fulcherius…et Gaufredus cognomento Paganus" of property from Marmoutier, signed by "Gaufredus Paganus et filii sui Bartholomeus, Ingelbaldus, Wlgrinus, Gaufredus"[1330]

5.         MARIE (-after [1155]).  "Dominus…castri Lavarzini Aimericus…cognomina Gaimardus et Maria uxor eius" donated property to Marmoutier, in order to receive "filio suo Solomone" who was dying, by charter dated to [1101/36][1331].  Her parentage is indicated by the Gesta Ambaziensium which records that "ex Salomone, Guenmardus" married "cum jam senex esset...Mariam sororem Engelbaudi archiepiscopi et Bartholomæi de Vindocino", although the source confuses Salomon [II], father of Aymeric “Gaymard”, with his probable maternal grandfather Salomon [I] Seigneur de Lavedan (the phrase “cum jam senex esset” being used in the text to correct what would otherwise have been the obvious chronological difficulty with this co-identity)[1332].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, with the consent of “f sui Engelbaudus præpositus, Vulgrinus, Maria, Guamardus vir eius”, by charter dated to [1116/36][1333].  "Bartholomeus Dives et Maria soror eius uxor Goffredi de Lavarzino" donated a wood at Vendôme to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Burchardi et Lancelini filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1130/48], witnessed by "…Vulgrino fratre Bartholomei Divitis…"[1334].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated "terre juxta Planos-Baufredi" to Tiron Sainte-Trinité, with the consent of “Goffredus sororius meus et soror mea Maria et filius eorum Johannes et filie eorum”, by charter dated to [1140][1335].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][1336].  Robert Bishop of Chartres freed the church of Saint-Gilderic de Chauvigny in favour of Marmoutier by charter dated to after 1155 “ex concessione domine Marie de Lavardino et Johannis filii eius, Vulgrini quoque fratris domini Gaufredi...[1337]m firstly as his third wife, AYMERIC "Gaymard" Seigneur de Lavardin, son of SALAMON [II] de Lavardin & his wife ---.  m secondly GEOFFROY [de Lavardin], son of --- (-[after 1148/56]).] 

 

 

 

J.      SEIGNEURS de LAVARDIN-sur-LOIR

 

 

Two places named Lavardin existed in medieval times in the territory covered by the ancient episcopal diocese of Le Mans, located about 70 kilometres distant from each other:

·         le Vieux-Lavardin near Mézières, within the pagus Cenomanensis and later the county of Maine; and 

·         Lavardin-sur-Loir near Montoire, 18 kilometres south of Vendôme, originally also within the pagus Cenomanensis and county of Maine, but later transferred to the county of Vendôme.

To add to the confusion, the place now known as Lavardin, south-east of Conlie, was originally named Tussé and later evolved into le Nouveau-Lavardin or Lavardin-Tussé.  Alexandre de Salies analysed the difficulties in distinguishing these places in the early 20th century[1338].  It is probable that all the references to Lavardin between the 10th and 13th centuries relate to Lavardin-sur-Loir, despite the contrary position taken by Salies, as will be explained below. 

 

The earliest reference to Lavardin appears in the Gesta Ambazensium which states that Hugues [“Capet”] Duc des Francs, presumably in the mid- to late-10th century, granted “Lavardinum” to Hugues who is shown below.  Salies identifies “Lavardinum” in this source as Vieux-Lavardin near Mézières[1339].  However, it is possible that the place in question was Lavardin-sur-Loir.  Salies bases his argument on the proximity of Lavardin near Mézières to the other territories, Bazoges and Sainte-Christine both of which were located near Le Mans, which Hugues later acquired on his second marriage.  He limits himself to stating, textually, that after the death of his first wife “Hugues trouve tout naturellement sa seconde femme dans son voisinage [i.e. near Lavardin near Mézières], chez les seigneurs de Sainte-Suzanne”.  This proposition provides an inadequate basis for his argument.  Given the frequency of marriages of the nobility outside their immediate area of operations in medieval France, there is no reason to exclude Hugues having sought his second wife at a distance of only 70 kilometres from the property of his deceased first wife.  In addition, it is possible that Hugues´s own origin lay within Maine, which could also explain his choice of a second wife from the area.  The Gesta continues by recording the marriage of Hugues´s daughter and heiress by his first marriage to Séhébrand de Mayenne, to whom her father granted “Lavardinum” by way of dowry, and by adding that the couple´s son was Salomon [I] Seigneur de Lavardin.  The last-named is identified as seigneur de Lavardin-sur-Loir.  Assuming that the Gesta is factually correct, the natural reading of the two passages is that “Lavardinum”, granted to Hugues, was Lavardin-sur-Loir.  Salies suggests that the Gesta is incorrect, explaining the apparent contradiction as a simple error because the source´s author was misled by the name Aveline being borne both by the wife of Séhébrand de Mayenne and by the younger daughter of Salomon [I] de Lavardin-sur-Loir[1340].  Salies also uses as part of his argument another passage in the Gesta which records that a descendant of the marriage of Hugues´s oldest daughter married “Nevolus de Fracta Valle” and that “heredes Lavardini qui modo sunt exstant” (i.e. at the time of composition of the Gesta, dated to 1155[1341]) were descended from the couple.  His assumption is that “heredes Lavardini” could not refer to Lavardin-sur-Loir but must relate to Lavardin near Mézières.  He concludes that “la Chronique d´Amboise...est tombée...dans une confusion flagrante d´où se dégage une erreur grossière[1342].  However, as noted below, it appears that the marriage as reported in the Gesta is consistent with other sources which indicate the first marriage of Agatha de Lavardin[-sur-Loir] to Nivelon [IV] Sire de Fréteval and her supposed second marriage to Bouchard [VII] Comte de Vendôme, whose heirs would have held Lavardin-sur-Loir in [1155]. 

 

Chronologically, the next reference to Lavardin is found in the Vita Burchardi Venerabilis Comitis which records "Vendocinum, Lavarzinum et Montem-aureum" among the castles held by Bouchard [IV] “le Vieux” Comte de Vendôme (whose death is recorded in 1007, see Chapter 15.A of the present document)[1343]No document has been found which confirms that Hugues “Capet” transferred the fiefdom of Lavardin to the comtes de Vendôme, but such a transfer is not improbable given its proximity to Vendôme and especially if Hugues wished to favour the local counts after his succession as king.  After the death of Salamon [I] Seigneur de Lavardin, the castle passed to his younger daughter and her husband.  It is likely that the later holders of the castle were her descendants by an earlier marriage, but as will be seen below the surviving sources are insufficiently detailed to trace their precise relationship to Salamon [I].  In particular, there is extreme difficulty in establishing a successful reconstruction of the possible children and successors of Aymeric “Gaimard” Seigneur de Lavardin, supposed great-grandson of Salamon [I].  In the mid-12th century, possession of the castle passed by marriage to the comtes de Vendôme themselves. 

 

 

1.         HUGUES, son of --- The Gesta Ambaziensium records that "vir illustris…Hugo" was "filiolus Hugonis Capet ducis Francorum", at whose court he was present and who granted him “Lavardinum[1344]Seigneur de Lavardinm firstly HELPES, daughter of ---.  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Helpes" as the first wife of "vir illustris…Hugo"[1345]m secondly ODELINE [Emmeline] de Beaumont Dame de Bazoges et de Sainte-Christine, daughter of RAOUL [II] Vicomte du Maine & his [first/second wife] [Godehildis ---/Guinor ---].  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Odelinam filiam Radulfi vicecomitis de Sancto Susanna" as the second wife of "vir illustris…Hugo", specifying that her dowry was "Basogerium oppidum et terram Sanctæ Christinæ"[1346].  Hugues & his first wife had one child: 

a)         AVELINE de Lavardin .  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Avelinam" as the daughter of "vir illustris…Hugo" & his first wife, specifying in a later passage that she married "Sehebrando de Meduana" with Lavardin as her dowry, and that she was the mother of "Salomon"[1347]Dame de Lavardinm SEHEBRAND de Mayenne, son of ---. 

Hugues & his second wife had three children: 

b)         LISOIS de Bazoges (-1061 or after).  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Licoium, Algeriumque et Albericum" as the children of "vir illustris…Hugo" & his second wife[1348]Seigneur d'Amboise, by right of his wife.  "…Lisoii de Ambazia, Alberici fratris eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1055 under which Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou donated land in the forest of Gastine to Marmoutier[1349]

-        SEIGNEURS d´AMBOISE

c)         AUGER .  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Licoium, Algeriumque et Albericum" as the children of "vir illustris…Hugo" & his second wife[1350]Seigneur de Bazogesm ---.  The name of Auger's wife is not known.  Auger & his wife had one child: 

i)          HUGUESSeigneur de Bazoges.  The Gesta Ambaziensium records that Lisois d'Amboise ceded Bazoges to "Algerio fratri suo et Hugoni filio ipsius, nepoti suo"[1351]

d)         ALBERIC (-1055 or after).  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Licoium, Algeriumque et Albericum" as the children of "vir illustris…Hugo" & his second wife[1352]Seigneur de Sainte-Christine.  The Gesta Ambaziensium records that Lisois d'Amboise ceded Sainte-Christine to "Alberico fratre suo"[1353].  "…Lisoii de Ambazia, Alberici fratris eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1055 under which Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou donated land in the forest of Gastine to Marmoutier[1354]

 

 

1.         SEHEBRAND de Mayenne, son of --- m AVELINE de Lavardin, daughter of HUGUES de Lavardin & his first wife Helpes ---.  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Avelinam" as the daughter of "vir illustris…Hugo" & his first wife, specifying in a later passage that she married "Sehebrando de Meduana" with Lavardin as her dowry, and that she was the  mother of "Salomon"[1355].  Sehebrand & his wife had two children: 

a)         SALOMON [I] de Lavardin (-[1062], bur Lavardin).  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Avelinam" as the daughter of "vir illustris…Hugo" & his first wife, specifying in a later passage that she married "Sehebrando de Meduana" with Lavardin as her dowry, and that she was the  mother of "Salomon"[1356].  “Salomon et uxor mea Adela” founded the priory of Saint-Gildéric, Lavardin, with the consent of “filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina”, by charter dated to [1032/47], subscribed by “Salomonis, Adele uxoris eius, Mathildis eius filie, Aueline eius filie, Rotgerii generi eorum...[1357].  "Odo comes" [Eudes II Comte de Blois] donated the church of Saint-Médard dans le Vendômois to Saint-Martin, with the consent of "Salomon de Labarzinio, Walterius filius Hamelini, Burchardus", by charter dated to [1037], witnessed by "Herveus vicecomes…"[1358].  "Salomon et uxor mea Adela" donated the church of Saint-Gilderic on the banks of the river Loir to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina", by charter dated to [1032/60][1359].  "Salomon et uxor mea Adela" founded a priory at Lavardin, with the consent of "filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina", by charter dated to [1037/47], signed by "…Rogerii generis eorum…"[1360].  "Salomon de Lavarzino, Marcoardus gener eius…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030/60] under which Geoffroy III "Martel" Comte d´Anjou returned property to Marmoutier at the request of "Tetberge…sorori…Gausfredi [filius Ermenrici]"[1361].  The monks of Marmoutier ceded property to "Salomone de Lavarzino et Adela uxore sua", with the consent of "Marcoardo eorum genero et uxore sua", by charter dated to [1034/67][1362].  “Salomonem de Lauarzino” donated his revenue from property of “Herberti presbiteri et Seherii nepotis eius” to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1032/60], which refers to a donation made by “domnus Ernaldus frater noster[1363]m ADELA, daughter of ---.  “Salomon et uxor mea Adela” founded the priory of Saint-Gildéric, Lavardin, with the consent of “filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina”, by charter dated to [1032/47], subscribed by “Salomonis, Adele uxoris eius, Mathildis eius filie, Aueline eius filie, Rotgerii generi eorum...[1364].  "Salomon et uxor mea Adela" donated the church of Saint-Gilderic on the banks of the river Loir to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina", by charter dated to [1032/60][1365].  The monks of Marmoutier ceded property to "Salomone de Lavarzino et Adela uxore sua", with the consent of "Marcoardo eorum genero et uxore sua", by charter dated to [1034/67][1366].  Salomon & his wife had [three] children: 

i)          MATHILDE de Lavardin (-before [1062]).  “Salomon et uxor mea Adela” founded the priory of Saint-Gildéric, Lavardin, with the consent of “filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina”, by charter dated to [1032/47], subscribed by “Salomonis, Adele uxoris eius, Mathildis eius filie, Aueline eius filie, Rotgerii generi eorum...[1367].  The name of Roger´s wife is not stated.  However, it is likely that she was the older daughter, named Mathilde in the document.  "Salomon et uxor mea Adela" donated the church of Saint-Gilderic on the banks of the river Loir to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina", by charter dated to [1032/60][1368].  Mathilde presumably predeceased her father, childless, as Lavardin was inherited by the husband of her sister Aveline.  [m ROGER, son of ---.  same person as...?  ROGER, son of ROTHON & his wife ---.  "Rogerius filius Rosthonis", mortally wounded "super Ligeris ripam ante castrum novum in comitatu Salomonis de Lavarzino", donated “terram de Autona” to the monks of Saint-Martin and “quartam partem furni unius in castro de Lavarzino et totam sepulturam de Villare” to Lavardin, by charter dated to [1032/60], witnessed by “ipse Salomon et Rainaldus Rogerii filius, Rosthonis scutarius...[1369].  There is no proof that this co-identity is correct, but the name Roger, and his holding an important position in Lavardin castle under Salomon, suggests that it is possible.  If it is correct, the name of the donor´s son as witness suggests that Mathilde must have been Roger´s second wife, as Lavardin passed to her younger sister Aveline after their father died not to any descendants of Mathilde.  The editor of the edition consulted suggests that the incident during which Roger was mortally wounded is the same as that recounted in the Gesta Ambaziensium, which records that Sulpice d´Amboise had sought refuge from Foulques IV “le Rechin” Comte d´Anjou in the church of Saint-Martin and that "Salomon Lavardini dominus consobrinus eius" rescued him and brought him "cum multis ad Rupes Corbonis"[1370].  However, as Comte Foulques IV only succeeded his brother in 1168, this appears to be chronologically incorrect.] 

ii)         AVELINE [Eva] de Lavardin (-after 1070).  “Salomon et uxor mea Adela” founded the priory of Saint-Gildéric, Lavardin, with the consent of “filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina”, by charter dated to [1032/47], subscribed by “Salomonis, Adele uxoris eius, Mathildis eius filie, Aueline eius filie, Rotgerii generi eorum...[1371].  "Salomon et uxor mea Adela" donated the church of Saint-Gilderic on the banks of the river Loir to Marmoutier, with the consent of "filiabus nostris Matilde et Avelina", by charter dated to [1032/60][1372].  [The similarity of names suggests that Eva was the same person as Aveline, especially as the two sources just quoted suggest that Salomon [I] had only two daughters.  If that is correct, Aymeric d´Alluyes would presumably have been her first husband and Hervé de Baugency her second.  "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, in the presence of "Haimerico genero Symonis de Lavarzino", by charter dated 3 Jun 1040[1373].  Another charter, dated to before 1040, recording the same transaction is subscribed by "...Hamericus gener Salomonis de Lavarzino"[1374].  "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" signed the charter dated 1046 which records that "Gauterius…Juvenis" forfeited his holdings from "Salomonis de Lavarzino" who granted them to "Haimerico de Aloia" with "filia sua Eva"[1375].]  A charter dated to [1060/81] records that "Ingebaldus Brito…uxori eius Hildegardi" unjustly appropriated property which had been donated to Marmoutier, and names "filiis…eorum primogenito Wlgrino…Fulcherio et Paganello…Hugo", witnessed by "Herveo de Lavarzino, Avelina uxore eius…"[1376].  A charter dated 1070, which records a claim against Marmoutier by "Gaufredus de Turniaco", is issued "apud Lavarzinum ante Avelinam Salomonis filiam"[1377]Dame de Lavardin.  [m firstly (before 3 Jun 1040) AYMERIC d´Alluyes, son of ---.]  m [secondly] HERVE de Baugency, son of LANCELIN [I] de Baugency & his wife --- (-after [2 Feb/1 Jun] 1079).  Seigneur de Lavardin, de iure uxoris

iii)        [daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1030/60], witnessed by her father "Salomon de Lavarzino, Marcoardus gener eius…", under which Geoffroy III "Martel" Comte d´Anjou returned property to Marmoutier at the request of "Tetberge…sorori…Gausfredi [filius Ermenrici]"[1378].  The monks of Marmoutier ceded property to "Salomone de Lavarzino et Adela uxore sua", with the consent of "Marcoardo eorum genero et uxore sua", by charter dated to [1034/67][1379].  As noted above, two sources suggest that Salomon [I] had only two daughters.  It is likely therefore that Marcoard was the earlier husband either of Mathilde or Aveline [Eva] who are named above.  m MARCOARD, son of ---.] 

b)         ERNALD .  “Salomonem de Lauarzino” donated his revenue from property of “Herberti presbiteri et Seherii nepotis eius” to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1032/60], which refers to a donation made by “domnus Ernaldus frater noster[1380].   

 

 

1.         SALAMON [II] de Lavardin (-after 1080).  The parentage of Salamon [II] de Lavardin is not known.  From a chronological point of view, he could have been the grandson of Salamon [I] by one of the latter´s daughters, most likely Aveline/Eva by her husband Aymeric d´Alluyes, after whom Salamon [II]´s son would have been named, although there is no proof that this speculation is correct[1381].  His name certainly indicates a close family relationship to Salamon [I].  "Salomone de Lavarzino..." subscribed the charter dated 1080 which relates to “Christianum de Civitate...terram” sold to Marmoutier[1382]m ---.  The name of Salamon´s wife is not known.  Salamon [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         AYMERIC "Gaymard" de Lavardin ([1078/83]-)Seigneur de Lavardin"Haimmericus cognomina Gaimardus de Lavarzino juvenelis dominus" donated a serf to Marmoutier, with the consent of "sorore mea Beatrix", for the soul of "patris mei Salomonis", by charter dated “Gaufrido comite Vindocinensi ad Ierusalem abeunte” (dated to 1101)[1383].  The word “juvenilis” in this document suggests his birth in the range [1078/83], although the document does not indicate that Aymeric had not then reached the age of majority.  "Gaimardus dominus Lavarzini" donated property to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1097][1384].  An undated charter records the excommunication of the people of Lavardin because of an injustice caused by “dominus Gaimardus et Agnes uxor eius[1385].  “Gaimardus dominus Lauarzini” relinquished rights over vines of Lavardin priory in expiation of his crimes, with the consent of “uxor eius Godehildis”, by charter dated to [1101/24][1386].  "Haimericus Gaimardus Lavarzini dominus" donated mills at Montoire to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Beatrix…ipsius Gaimardi soror", by charter dated to [1101/36][1387].  "Dominus…castri Lavarzini Aimericus…cognomina Gaimardus et Maria uxor eius" donated property to Marmoutier, in order to receive "filio suo Solomone" who was dying, by charter dated to [1101/36][1388].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, with the consent of “f sui Engelbaudus præpositus, Vulgrinus, Maria, Guamardus vir eius”, by charter dated to [1116/36][1389].  Métais suggests that Aymeric “Gaymard” must have sold at least part of the seigneurie de Lavardin to a comtesse de Vendôme, as one explanation for the background to the legal dispute concerning Lavardin hearings concerning which were held in papal courts from 1211 to 1235, although he does discuss another possible explanation which sounds plausible[1390].  Métais states that Aymeric “Gaimard” died “vers 1150[1391].  One source from which it may be possible to draw conclusions about the date of Aymeric´s death is the charter dated to [1147/56] under which "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum[1392].  It is assumed that “dominum Gosbertum generum suum” refers to the husband of Marie, presumably a mistranscription for either “Gaymardum” or “Goffredum”.  Another indication is provided by the Gesta Ambaziensium which refers to the children of the daughter of Aymeric “Gaimard” as “heredes Lavardini qui modo sunt exstant[1393].  As the children are referred to as “heredes Lavardini”, the implication is that the seigneur de Lavardin was still alive when the source was written (dated to 1155, see below).  m [firstly/secondly] AGNES, daughter of ---.  An undated charter records the excommunication of the people of Lavardin because of an injustice caused by “dominus Gaimardus et Agnes uxor eius[1394].  The dating of the two charters which name Aymeric´s two earlier wives is not sufficiently precise to assess with any confidence the order of these two marriages.  m [firstly/secondly] GODEHILDIS, daughter of ---.  “Gaimardus dominus Lauarzini” relinquished rights over vines of Lavardin priory in expiation of his crimes, with the consent of “uxor eius Godehildis”, by charter dated to [1101/24][1395].  The dating of the two charters which name Aymeric´s two earlier wives is not sufficiently precise to assess with any confidence the order of these two marriages.  m thirdly as her first husband, MARIE, daughter of GEOFFROY [Payen] & his wife --- (-after 1155).  "Dominus…castri Lavarzini Aimericus…cognomina Gaimardus et Maria uxor eius" donated property to Marmoutier, in order to receive "filio suo Solomone" who was dying, by charter dated to [1101/36][1396].  Her parentage is indicated by the Gesta Ambaziensium which records that "ex Salomone, Guenmardus" married "cum jam senex esset...Mariam sororem Engelbaudi archiepiscopi et Bartholomæi de Vindocino", although the source confuses Salomon [II], father of Aymeric “Gaymard”, with his probable maternal grandfather Salomon [I] Seigneur de Lavardin (the phrase “cum jam senex esset” being used in the text to correct what would otherwise have been the obvious chronological difficulty with this co-identity)[1397].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, with the consent of “f sui Engelbaudus præpositus, Vulgrinus, Maria, Guamardus vir eius”, by charter dated to [1116/36][1398].  Marie married secondly Geoffroy de Lavardin.  "Bartholomeus Dives et Maria soror eius uxor Goffredi de Lavarzino" donated a wood at Vendôme to La Madeleine de Châteaudun, with the consent of "Burchardi et Lancelini filiorum suorum", by charter dated to [1130/48], witnessed by "…Vulgrino fratre Bartholomei Divitis…"[1399].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" donated "terre juxta Planos-Baufredi" to Tiron Sainte-Trinité, with the consent of “Goffredus sororius meus et soror mea Maria et filius eorum Johannes et filie eorum”, by charter dated to [1140][1400].  "Bartholomeus de Vindocino" confirmed the donation of land "in Perticho" to the bishop of Chartres, on leaving for Jerusalem with the support of “dominum Engelbaldum...Turonensem archiepiscopum et Vulgrinum fratres suos, dominamque Mariam sororem suam necnon et dominum Gosbertum generum suum”, by charter dated to [1147/56][1401].  Robert Bishop of Chartres freed the church of Saint-Gilderic de Chauvigny in favour of Marmoutier by charter dated to after 1155 “ex concessione domine Marie de Lavardino et Johannis filii eius, Vulgrini quoque fratris domini Gaufredi...[1402].  Aymeric & his third wife had [three] children: 

i)          SALOMON de Lavardin (-after 1101).  "Dominus…castri Lavarzini Aimericus…cognomina Gaimardus et Maria uxor eius" donated property to Marmoutier, in order to receive "filio suo Solomone" who was dying, by charter dated to [1101/36][1403].  The phrase “filio suo” may indicate that Salomon was the child of both “Aimericus...et Maria uxor eius”, which would also account for their joint donation of the property in question.

ii)         [AGATHA de Lavardin ([1120/25]-[before 1185/1202]).  "…Agathe uxore Nivelonis primogeniti…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Jan 1139 under which "dominus Ursio de Merlaio" renounced rights in favour of Notre-Dame de Chartres[1404].  "…Uxore primogeniti filii mei…Agatha et Hilgodo Piel" consented to the donation by "Ursio dominus de Fractæ Vallis" by charter dated 1139[1405].  Her parentage and first marriage are indicated by the Gesta Ambaziensium which records that "Guenmardus... [et] Mariam sororem Engelbaudi archiepiscopi et Bartholomæi de Vindocino...filiam" married “Nevolus de Fracta Valle” and that “ex qua heredes Lavardini qui modo sunt exstant[1406]Salies cites a charter dated “1095 mentionnée par Dom Anselme Lemichel” which shows that Beatrix, wife of Urso Seigneur de Fréteval was “sœur d´Aimeric de Lavardin surnommé Gannard”, suggesting therefore that the Gesta must have incorrectly attributed this wife to Nivelon Seigneur de Fréteval and her parentage to Aymeric “Gaimard”[1407].  The charter in question has not yet been seen.  However, as shown in CENTRAL FRANCE NOBILITY, three charters indicate that Beatrix, wife of Urso de Fréteval, was the daughter of Jérémie de la Tour Seigneur de Lisle.  It appears probable, therefore, that the marriage, as reported in the Gesta, is more likely to be correct than the suggestion made by Salies.  Another charter also suggests that Agatha must have been the daughter of Aymeric: Robert Bishop of Chartres freed the church of Saint-Gilderic de Chauvigny in favour of Marmoutier by charter dated to after 1155 “ex concessione domine Marie de Lavardino et Johannis filii eius, Vulgrini quoque fratris domini Gaufredi...[1408].  Jean is shown by another charter quoted below to have been the son of Agatha´s mother by her second marriage.  The fact that the charter dated to after 1155 does not accord the title “dominus” indicates that there must have been another more senior heir to the seigneurie.  Such an heir could only have been a surviving child from Marie´s first marriage, presumably Agatha.  Agatha´s supposed second marriage is indicated by the charter dated 1147 under which "Joannes Vindocinensis comes" donated part of the forest of Gâtines to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "duo filii mei Burchardus primogenitus et Lancelinus…apud Lavarziniacum, Agatha uxor Burchardi filii mei"[1409]Dame de Lavardin.  The residence of Agatha at Lavardin suggests a connection with the castle of that name.  In addition, Agatha´s widower "Burchardus…Johannis Vindocinensis comitis filius" made donations to Lavardin dated [1185/1202] for the soul of his wife “Agatham hujus ville dominam[1410], consistent with her suggested Lavardin origin.  This supposed second marriage is consistent with the reference in the Gesta Ambaziensium to “ex qua heredes Lavardini qui modo sunt exstant”, assuming that the latter were descended from Agatha´s second not her first marriage.  In addition, [Agatha´s second husband] "Bucardus comes Vindocinensis" names [Agatha´s brother] "Johannes de Lavardino cognatus meus..." in his confirmation of a donation to Gatines dated to [1185][1411], the word “cognatus” frequently indicating brother-in-law.  It should be noted that Saint-Venant suggests that Agatha was the daughter of an otherwise unrecorded older son of Aymeric “Gaimard”, who died young and transmitted the right to Lavardin to his daughter.  He highlights that Jean de Lavardin is never recorded as seigneur de Lavardin after the death of “his father” (whom, it appears, he assumes to be Aymeric), and that if Agatha had been the sister of Richilde (second wife of Jean Comte de Vendôme) the church would have vetoed the arrangement whereby one sister married the father and the other his son[1412].  The scenario as proposed is not impossible.  However, it is inconsistent with the Gesta Ambazensium as quoted above (Saint-Venant ignores Agatha´s supposed first marriage), nor is it certain that the church would have vetoed the marriages in question (there are other examples of father and son marrying two sisters).  In addition, the source quoted below shows that Jean de Lavardin was the son of Marie, widow of Aymeric, by her second marriage not by her first marriage to Aymeric.  m [firstly] (before 1139) NIVELON [IV] Seigneur de Fréteval, son of URSO Sire de Fréteval & his wife Beatrix de la Tour (-[1146]).  [m secondly (before 1147) BOUCHARD [VII] Comte de Vendôme, son of JEAN Comte de Vendôme & his first wife Berthe du Puy-du-Fou ([1125/30]-1202).]]    

iii)        [RICHILDE de Lavardin (-24 Sep ----)Although the sources quoted below indicate that Richilde was the sister of Jean de Lavardin (son of Marie by her second husband Geoffroy de Lavardin), and that Richilde was the daughter of Marie, no primary source has been found which confirms that Richilde and Jean shared the same father.  It appears more likely that Richilde was the full sister of Agatha de Lavardin (and therefore probably the daughter of Aymeric "Gaimard" Seigneur de Lavardin) and that their two marriages, respectively with the father and son Jean Comte de Vendôme and Bouchard [VII] Comte de Vendôme, were arranged because they were full sisters and each enjoyed rights to Lavardin.  Clearly the Vendôme family was anxious to secure the Lavardin inheritance by marriage with the heiress.  It seems more probable that Agatha´s marriage with the Vendôme heir was arranged first, and that Richilde´s marriage provided "back-up" for Jean Comte de Vendôme in case the Bouchard/Agatha marriage proved childless (and his other children died without heirs) to increase the chances that Lavardin would still remain within his family (or more importantly that it would not be lost to another family).  "Richilda comitissa Vindocinensis" donated property "de Villeriis" to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "Goffridi filii mei", by charter dated to [1147][1413].  Her family origin is indicated by the charter dated to before 1185, under which "Wlgrinus miles monacus noster" [son of Ingelbald Briton] donated the mill of "Beto" to La Trinité de Vendôme for the soul of "Petro filio suo quem monacum fecimus", confirmed by "Maria uxor eius et quinque filii eius Goffridus, Herveus, Ingelbaldus, Petrus, Mauricius, et Agnes et Domitilla filie ipsius" and in the presence of "Johannes comes Vindocinensis et Richildis uxor eius, neptis Wlgrini…"[1414].  This family origin is confirmed by the charter under which [her son] Barthélemy Archbishop of Tours confirmed donations made to the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Preuilly by "bonæ memoriæ Engelbaudo avunculo et predecessore nostro"[1415], the latter being identified as the maternal uncle of Richilde de Lavardin. "Johannes de Lavarzino…et Richeldis comitissa soror eius" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to before 1188[1416].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Richilda comitissa fundatrix infirmarii"[1417]m as his second wife, JEAN Comte de Vendôme, son of GEOFFROY "Grisegonelle" Comte de Vendôme & his wife Mathilde de Châteaudun (-La Charité-sur-Loire [1185]).]

b)    &