BRittany, DUKES & NOBILITY

v3.0 Updated 23 May 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                DUKES of BRITTANY 831-1213. 4

A.         DUKES of BRITTANY 831-907. 5

B.         DUKES of BRITTANY 938-952 (FAMILY of COMTES de POHER) 14

C.        DUKES of BRITTANY 970-1066 (FAMILY of COMTES de RENNES) 16

D.        DUKES of BRITTANY 1084-1156 (FAMILY of COMTES de CORNOUAÏLLE) 23

E.         DUKES of BRITTANY 1156-1206 (FAMILY of COMTES de PENTHIEVRE) 30

Chapter 2.                DUKES of BRITTANY 1213-1514 (DREUX-CAPET) 37

Chapter 3.                CORNOUAÏLLE. 60

A.         COMTES de CORNOUAÏLLE.. 61

B.         VICOMTES de GOURIN.. 70

C.        VICOMTES de LEON.. 72

Chapter 4.                NANTES. 84

A.         COMTES de NANTES.. 84

B.         SEIGNEURS de CLISSON.. 89

C.        SEIGNEURS de MACHECOUL. 92

Chapter 5.                PENTHIEVRE. 97

A.         COMTES de GOËLO et de PENTEVR.. 97

B.         COMTES de PENTHIEVRE.. 98

C.        COMTES de PENTHIEVRE (BLOIS-CHÂTILLON) 117

D.        VICOMTES de PENTHIEVRE.. 119

E.         VICOMTES de TONQUEDEC et de COËTMEN.. 121

F.         SEIGNEURS de MATIGNON (GOYON) 124

G.        BARONS d'AVAUGOUR et de MAYENNE.. 127

H.        VICOMTES de DINAN.. 130

I.      SEIGNEURS de DINAN.. 133

J.         SEIGNEURS de DINAN (SEIGNEURS de VITRE) 141

K.         SEIGNEURS de DOL. 143

L.         SENECHAUX de DOL. 147

Chapter 6.                COMTES de POHER. 153

Chapter 7.                VICOMTES de PORHOËT. 154

A.         VICOMTES de THRO.. 154

B.         VICOMTES de PORHOËT. 156

C.        VICOMTES de ROHAN.. 162

Chapter 8.                RENNES. 178

A.         COMTES de RENNES.. 178

B.         SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAUBRIAND.. 179

C.        SEIGNEURS de FOUGERES.. 184

D.        SEIGNEURS de LA GUERCHE [en-BRETAGNE], SEIGNEURS de POËNCY.. 195

E.         SEIGNEURS de MONTAUBAN [en-BRETAGNE] 200

F.         SEIGNEURS de MONTFORT [en-BRETAGNE] 204

G.        SEIGNEURS de VITRE.. 207

Chapter 9.                OTHER BRETON NOBILITY. 219

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Brittany has a long tradition of separate development from the rest of France.  It successfully opposed integration into Roman Gaul, as vividly characterised by Goscinny and Uderzo[1].  Even after 1213, when the duchy passed to a younger branch of the Capet-Dreux family, the duchy remained autonomous from the Capetian crown, although increased contact with other parts of France from this time onwards is reflected in the greater number of marriages between the ducal family and other French nobility.  It was not until 1514, with the death of Anne Duchess of Brittany, who had retained government of the duchy under the terms of the contract for her third marriage with Louis XII King of France, that the territory was finally integrated under the French crown, the last of the French provinces to do so. 

 

Semi-legendary “histories” of early Brittany were woven from sparse facts and elements of Arthurian legend.  An example can be found in the “Grandes Chroniques de Bretaigne”, written in 1514 by Alain Bouchart[2], an entertaining read which is virtually worthless from a historical point of view.  These histories are as extensive as the similar early quasi-histories fabricated in the late 12th/early 13th centuries in the Icelandic Sagas in respect of the Scandinavian countries.  Nevertheless, some fact can be distinguished from the legend, as primary sources do refer to rulers in Brittany by name as early as the 7th century.  For example, the Chronicle of Fredegar (written somewhat later) records that “Iudicaile rex Brittanorum” submitted to Dagobert I King of the Franks in [635] and undertook to acknowledge the suzerainty of the Frankish kings[3].  The line between truth and fiction is therefore impossible to draw, as is the case with the early history of ruling dynasties in many other medieval European states.  More reliable information relating to Brittany is found in primary sources from the early 9th century.  From this time, an outline reconstruction of the families of the dukes of Brittany is possible, as shown in Chapter 1 below, starting with Wihomarc whose rebellion against the Carolingian Franks is recorded by Einhard in 825[4]

 

The rulers of Brittany in the 9th and 10th centuries were members of eight separate families.  These different families intermarried, but no common ancestry can be traced from the available primary sources.  It is assumed that each family enjoyed local control in different parts of the duchy, and that each in turn assumed central authority depending on which leader could best manipulate the political situation at the time.  The sources reveal local counts in Poher (Chapter 7) and Rennes (Chapter 9) from the late 9th century, but it has not been possible to link the other families with defined geographical areas based on the sources which have so far been consulted.  The dukes of Brittany from the early 9th century until 1213, all descended from Breton families, are shown in Chapter 1.  It appears that, after the death of Alain I Duke of Brittany in 907, power in Brittany was shared between the counts of Poher (Alain´s son-in-law), Vannes (Alain´s possible eldest son) and Cornouaïlle, and that none of these was acknowledged as overall ruler.  It is likely that this situation persisted until the Viking invasion in 919 as no reference has been found to any overall Breton duke during that time in any of the primary sources so far consulted in the preparation of the present document.  Between 919 and 937, the Vikings expelled the local Breton rulers and installed themselves as rulers of Brittany at Nantes.  Brittany was liberated from Viking rule in 938 with help from Æthelstan King of England who enabled Alain II “Barbetorte”, from the family of the comtes de Poher, to establish himself as duke of Brittany. 

 

In 1213, the duchy was inherited by Pierre de Dreux, a younger son of Robert [II] Comte de Dreux [Capet], who had married Alix de Thouars, heiress of Brittany and daughter of Constance, the last native ruler of Brittany.  His descendants ruled Brittany until the death of duchess Anne in 1514 (see Chapter 2). 

 

The early 9th century pagi in Brittany which are named in the cartulary of Redon are pagus Redonicus or Redoniæ (Rennes), pagus Namneticus (Nantes), pagus Venediæ, also called pagus Broweroc, (Vannes), and possibly also pagus Trans Silvam (Poutrecoët) and pagus Retensis (pays de Retz)[5].  Ecclesiastical jurisdiction was divided (from west to east) into the bishoprics of Saint-Pol, Quimper, Léon (separated in the 9th century into Tréguier, Dol and Saint-Brieuc), Vannes, Saint-Malo, Dol, Rennes and Nantes, all within the archbishopric of Tours[6].  The counties which later emerged in Brittany were not co-extensive either with the pagi or the bishoprics.  Apart from Poher and Rennes, other Breton counties only emerge in the primary sources from the early 11th century: Cornouaille (Chapter 3), and Penthièvre (Chapter 6).  The county of Nantes (Chapter 5) was a special case, ruled from the early 9th century by Frankish nominees who were appointed by the Carolingian king-emperors and tasked with protecting the “march” of Brittany.  The county of Nantes was granted to an illegitimate son of Alain II “Barbetorte” Duke of Brittany in the mid-10th century. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    DUKES of BRITTANY 831-1213

 

 

 

A.      DUKES of BRITTANY 831-907

 

 

1.         WIHOMARC, son of --- (-825).  Einhard's Annales record that "Brittaniæ…Wihomarcus" rebelled in 825[7].  The Gesta Francorum records that "Wihomarcus, Brito" treacherously made peace with the Vikings in 825 and was surrounded in his own home and killed by the men of Comte Lambert[8]

 

 

1.         MURMANUS, son of --- (-837).  Regino records the death in 837 of "Murmanus rex Brittonum"[9]

 

 

1.         NOMINOË, son of --- (-[8 Jun/22 Aug] 851, bur Redon).  Emperor Louis I "le Pieux" installed him as missus imperatoris in Brittania (sole ruler) in [831].  Duke of Brittany.  Emperor Louis I confirmed the donation of "fideli nostri Nominoë" to the monastery "Rotonensi S. Salvatoris…in pago Broweroch" by charter dated 834[10].  His forces defeated the Frankish army of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks at Redon 22 Nov 845, following their attack in retaliation for the murder of Renaud Comte de Nantes by Erispoë, Nominoë's son.  The two sides made peace in 846[11].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Nomenoius dux" captured and destroyed "Redonas civitatem et Nannetis" before returning to Brittany, the event being dated from the context to the early 850s[12].  "Nominoio tyranno Britonum" fought "Lambertus comes et Warnarius frater eius" in 850, and died "851 indictione 14"[13].  The Annales Bertiniani record the death in 851 of "Nomenogius Britto"[14].  The Annals of St Salvator Redon record that "Nominoius princeps…cum Erispoe filio" were buried at the abbey of Redon[15]m ---.  The name of Nominoë's wife is not known.  Nominoë & his wife had three children: 

a)         ERISPOË (-murdered [2/12] Nov 857, bur Redon).  Regino names "filius Nomenoi Herispoius" when recording that he succeeded his father in Brittany[16].  The Chronica Fontanellensis names "Respogio filio Nomenoi, tyranno Brittonum"[17].  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Rainaldo…comite Nannetensium" was killed in 843 while fighting "Herispoium, Noremoi filium at alios Britannos apud Metiacum"[18].  "Erispoius…provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps" names "genitoris mei Nominoe…consobrini mei Salomonis filiique mei Conan episcoporumque" in a charter dated 19 May [851/57][19].  He succeeded his father in 851 as Duke of Brittany.  Although "Respogius filius Nomenogii" swore allegiance to Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, he defeated the king's army at Jengland, on the river Vilaine, and was ceded Rennes, Nantes and the pays de Retz[20], although peace was agreed and confirmed by the betrothal of Erispoë's daughter to the king's son.  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Respogius dux Brittonum" was killed in 857 by "Salamone et Almaro Brittonibus"[21].  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Herispoius rex tyrannicus Britonum" was killed in 857 by "Salomone" [his cousin][22]m MARMOHEC, daughter of --- (-[856/57]).  The Chronicle of Nantes records a donation by "Herispogii" for the soul of "Marmohec coniugis nostræ" dated 857[23], which suggests that she was then deceased.  No proof has been found that Marmohec was the mother of Erispoë's children who are shown below.  Erispoë & [his wife] had three children: 

i)          daughter .  The Annales Bertiniani record the betrothal of "Respogio Brittone…filiam eius" and "Karlus rex…filio suo Ludoico" in early 856[24].  It is likely that the oldest daughter of Erispoë was betrothed to the Carolingian prince.  It is not known whether this was the same person as his unnamed daughter who later married Gurwent (see below).  Betrothed (Feb 856, contract broken end 857) to LOUIS, son of CHARLES II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks & his first wife Ermentrudis [d'Orléans] (1 Nov 846-Compiègne 10 Apr 879, bur Compiègne, église collégiale Saint-Corneille).  His father awarded him the duchy of Mans and part of Neustria and arranged his betrothal in Feb 856, from which time he seems to have received the title king.  He was expelled from Brittany after the rebellion which followed the murder of King Erispoë, and sought refuge with his father[25].  He succeeded his father in 877 as LOUIS II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks

ii)         daughter .  Her parentage is deduced from the Annales Mettenses which names "Judicheil ex filia Heriospoii regis natus" when recording that he ruled jointly with "Alanus frater Pasquitani"[26].  Her marriage date is suggested on the assumption that she was the same daughter of Erispoe who was earlier betrothed to Louis, son of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks (see above), but this is not certain.  m ([after 857]) GURWENT [Gurvand], son of --- (-877).  Regino records that "Pasquitano et Vurfando" killed "Salomon rex Brittonum" in 874, specifying that they divided the kingdom between them although Pascwethen received the larger share[27].  They were deposed in 876 and succeeded by Judicaël, Gurwent's son, and Alain Comte de Vannes who was Pascwethen's brother[28]

iii)        CONAN (-after 857).  "Erispoius…provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps" names "genitoris mei Nominoe…consobrini mei Salomonis filiique mei Conan episcoporumque" in a charter dated 19 May [851/57][29].  The Chronicle of Nantes records a donation by "Herispogii" for the soul of "Marmohec coniugis nostræ" dated 857 subscribed by "Konani…", signing first in the list of subscriptions but without any indication of his relationship to the donor[30]

b)         PASTHENETEN .  The Annals of St Salvator Redon name "Pastheneten Leonensis et Gurvant Goelensis comites, Nominoe principis filii" as the murderers of Salomon[31]

c)         GURWENT .  The Annals of St Salvator Redon name "Pastheneten Leonensis et Gurvant Goelensis comites, Nominoe principis filii" as the murderers of Salomon[32]

2.         [daughter .  The charter dated 19 May [851/57], in which "Erispoius…provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps" names "genitoris mei Nominoe…consobrini mei Salomonis filiique mei Conan episcoporumque"[33], suggests that the mother of Duke Salomon was the sister of Nominoë Duke of Brittany, assuming that "consobrinus" should be interpreted in its strict sense.  m ---, son of ---.] 

 

 

1.         --- .  The name and origin of Salomon´s father is not known.  m ---.  The name and origin of Salomon´s mother is not known.  The charter dated 19 May [851/57], in which "Erispoius…provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps" names "genitoris mei Nominoe…consobrini mei Salomonis filiique mei Conan episcoporumque"[34], suggests that she may have been --- of Brittany, sister of Nominoë Duke of Brittany, daughter of ---, assuming that "consobrinus" should be interpreted in its strict sense.  One child: 

a)         SALOMON (-murdered 28 Jun 874).  "Erispoius…provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps" names "genitoris mei Nominoe…consobrini mei Salomonis filiique mei Conan episcoporumque" in a charter dated 19 May [851/57][35].  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Salomon nepos Nomenoii" when recording that he murdered "Herispogium regem cognatum suum"[36].  The Historia Brittania Armorica names "Salomon nepos Nomenoii"[37].  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Salomon Britto" submitted to Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and was granted a third of Brittany in 852[38]Regino records the accession of "Salomon dux" on the death of "Herispoius rex Brittonum"[39].  He murdered [his cousin] Duke Erispoe and succeeded in Nov 857 as Duke of Brittany.  "Salomon Brittania princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 6 Mar 863[40].  Another charter dated [874] names "Salomoni Brittanie duci"[41].  An opponent of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, in 863 Salomon eventually swore allegiance to the king who granted him the land between the Mayenne and Sarthe rivers.  However, he rebelled and defeated King Charles at Brissarthe in 866 helped by Viking allies, but was granted the county of Coutances (Cotentin and Avranchin) under the peace agreed subsequently.  He styled himself king in charters[42].  The Annales Bertiniani record the death in 874 of "Salomon dux Brittonum"[43]Regino records that "Salomon rex Brittonum" was killed by "Pasquitano et Vurfando", specifying that they thereupon divided the kingdom between them although Pascwethen received the larger share[44].  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Salomon rex Britonum" was killed "874 IV Kal Jul" by his followers[45].  The Chronicle of Nantes records that "Salomon rex Britanniæ" was killed "a Britannis suis"[46]m GUENEBRET, daughter of ---.  Pope Nicholas I addressed a letter to "Salomone Britannorum rege eiusque conjuge Gyenebret" dated "7 Kal Jun Indictione XIII"[47].  No proof has been found that Guenebret was the mother of Salomon's children who are shown below.  Duke Salomon & [his wife] had four children:

i)          PROSTLON de Bretagne (-before 8 Jan 876).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Annales Bertiniani which name "Paswithen gener Salamonis" when recording that he negotiated peace with Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks at Compiègne in early Aug 867[48].  "Pacuueten princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon "post mortem uxoris sue Prostlon" by charter dated 8 Jan 876[49]m PASCWETHEN [Pasquitan] Comte de Vannes, son of ---. 

ii)         RIVALLON (-after 17 Apr 869, maybe before 10 Feb 872).  The Annals of St Salvator Redon name "Rivallone filio Salamonis, Wincone fratre eius" citing a donation of 868[50].  "Salomon…totius Britanniæ magneque parties Galliarum princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 17 Apr 869, naming "antecessores nostri Nominoe videlicet Erispoe", witnessed by "Riuuallon et Guegon filii supradicti Salamonis"[51].  "…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[52].  If it is correct (as suggested below) that "Vuicon filius Riuuilin", who subscribed the charter dated 10 Feb 872 was the son of Duke Salamon's son Rivallon, the absence of Rivallon's name from the list of subscribers suggests that he may have died before that date.  m ---.  The name of Rivallon's wife is not known.  Rivallon & his wife had [one possible child]:

(a)       [GUEGON [Wincon] (-after 10 Feb 872).  "Salomon rex Britannie" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 10 Feb 872, witnessed by "Salamon rex…Vuicon filius eius, Bran, Vuruuant, Vuicon filius Riuuilin…"[53].  It is not certain the the Rivallon who was the father of the second named "Vuicon" was the grandson of Duke Salamon but this is a possibility.] 

iii)        GUEGON [Wincon] (-after 10 Feb 872).  The Annals of St Salvator Redon name "Rivallone filio Salamonis, Wincone fratre eius" citing a donation of 868[54].  "Salomon…totius Britanniæ magneque parties Galliarum princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 17 Apr 869, naming "antecessores nostri Nominoe videlicet Erispoe", witnessed by "Riuuallon et Guegon filii supradicti Salamonis"[55].  "…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[56].  "Salomon rex Britannie" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 10 Feb 872, witnessed by "Salamon rex…Vuicon filius eius, Bran, Vuruuant, Vuicon filius Riuuilin…"[57]

iv)       ALBIGEON (-bur Redon).  The Annals of St Salvator Redon record that "Albigeon, Salamonis Britonum regis filius" was buried at the abbey of Redon[58]

 

 

1.         GURWENT [Gurvand], son of --- (-877)Regino records that "Pasquitano et Vurfando" killed "Salomon rex Brittonum" in 874, specifying that they divided the kingdom between them although Pascwethen received the larger share[59]Duke of Brittany.  They were deposed in 876 and succeeded by Judicaël, Gurwent's son, and Alain Comte de Vannes who was Pascwethen's brother[60]m ([after 857]) --- of Brittany, daughter of ERISPOË Duke of Brittany & his wife [Marmohec ---].  Her parentage is deduced from the Annales Mettenses which names "Judicheil ex filia Heriospoii regis natus" when recording that he ruled jointly with "Alanus frater Pasquitani"[61].  Her marriage date is suggested on the assumption that she was the same daughter of Erispoe who was earlier betrothed to Louis, son of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks (see above), but this is not certain.  Gurwent & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         JUDICAËL (-killed in battle [1 Aug/8 Nov] 888).  Comte [de Rennes].  Regino records that "Iudicheil, ex filia Herispoii regis natus" ruled Brittany jointly with "Alanus frater Pasquitani" after the death of Pascwethen in 876, and his death in battle against the Vikings[62].  He succeeded his father in 876 as joint Duke of Brittany, ruling jointly with Alain Comte de Vannes.  Regino records disputes between "Alanum et Iudicheil duces Brittonium" in 890[63], which indicates that the date of his death recorded in the previous passage in the same source may not be accurate. 

b)         [daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Borderie suggests that Judicael Comte de Rennes was the grandson of Duke Gurwent, but he does not cite any primary source which supports his reasoning[64]m BERENGER Comte, son of ---.  889/before 931.] 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known:

1.         PASCWETHEN [Pasquitan] (-[876]).  Comte de Vannes.  "Pascuueten" donated property "de sua hereditate in Bene, quæ dicitur Rancaruuan" to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 17 Jun 862[65].  "Pascuueten comes provintie Brouueroch" witnessed a charter dated 22 May 865[66].  The Annales Bertiniani name "Paswithen gener Salamonis" when recording that he negotiated peace with Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks at Compiègne in early Aug 867[67].  "…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[68]Regino records that "Pasquitano et Vurfando" killed "Salomon rex Brittonum" in 874, specifying that they divided the kingdom between them although Pascwethen received the larger share[69].  He succeeded his father-in-law in 874 as joint Duke of Brittany, ruling jointly with Gurwent, son-in-law of Erispoë.  He sought Viking help against his co-ruler, but they were both deposed in 876 and succeeded by Pascwethen's brother Alain Comte de Vannes and Judicaël, Gurwent's son[70]m PROSTLON de Bretagne, daughter of SALOMON Duke of Brittany & his wife [Gynebret] --- (-before 8 Jan 876).  "Pacuueten princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon "post mortem uxoris sue Prostlon" by charter dated 8 Jan 876[71].  Her parentage and marriage is confirmed by the Annales Bertiniani which name "Paswithen gener Salamonis" when recording that he negotiated peace with Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks at Compiègne in early Aug 867[72]

2.         ALAIN (-907)Regino records that "Alanus frater Pasquitani" succeeded his brother, jointly with "Iudicheil, ex filia Herispoii regis natus"[73].  The Annales Mettenses names "Judicheil ex filia Heriospoii regis natus" when recording that he ruled jointly with "Alanus frater Pasquitani"[74].  He succeeded his brother in [876] as ALAIN I "le Grand" joint Duke of Brittany, ruling jointly with Judicaël son of Duke Gurwent.  Regino records disputes between "Alanum et Iudicheil duces Brittonium" in 890[75] and, in an earlier passage, that Duke Alain ruled solely after Judicaël died fighting the Vikings[76].  The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that the Bretons defeated the Vikings at St Lo in 890 and "drove them into a river and drowned many"[77].  Guillaume of Jumièges records that Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks granted "terram maritimam ab Eptæ flumine usque ad Britannicos limites" together with "sua filia...Gisla" to Rollo who renounced his campaigns, that the king added "tota Britannia" and that “ipsius provinciæ principibus Berengerio atque Alanno” swore allegiance to Rollo[78].  The chronology of this passage appears incompatible with the death of Alain in 907.  It appears that, after the death of Alain, power in Brittany was shared between the counts of Poher (Alain´s son-in-law), Vannes (Alain´s possible eldest son) and Cornouaïlle, and that none of them was acknowledged as overall ruler.  It is likely that this situation persisted until the Viking invasion in 919 as no reference has been found to any overall Breton duke during that time in any of the primary sources so far consulted in the preparation of the present document.  m [firstly] OREGUEN, daughter of ---.  "Alanus…rex Brittaniæ" donated property "abbatial sancti Sergii in pago Andecavensi" to "Raino Andacavensis episcopus" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" by charter dated [5 Feb 897/26 Nov 903], subscribed by "Orgaim uxoris suæ…Vuereche filii Alani, Pascuiten fratris sui"[79].  [m secondly as her first husband, ---.  "Tanchi comes…cum…filiolum suum Derian, filium Alani" shared property which they donated to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 27 Nov 910, "Gurmahilon regnante Britanniam"[80].  This charter indicates that Tanguy was closely related to the family of Duke Alain.  The use of the word "filiolus" suggests that Derien may have been Tanguy´s stepson.  As Duke Alain´s other known children were adult by the late 9th century as shown by the various documents in which they are named, it is unlikely that their mother would have remarried after her husband´s death.  The most likely explanation therefore is that Alain remarried after the death of his wife Oreguen, had a son by this second marriage, and that his widow married secondly Tanguy after her first husband died.  This would explain the joint holding of property in which the other sons of Duke Alain are not stated to have held any interest.]  Duke Alain I & his [first] wife had [six] children: 

a)         [RODALD (-after 30 Nov 909).  The Chronicle of Nantes quotes a charter, dated to after 5 Feb 897, under which "Alanus rex, summus Britonnum dux…conjugis nostræ Ohurguen ac…communis prolis" donated property, signed by "Rodaldi, Guerech, Pascultani, Budici"[81].  The charter does not specify the relationship between the donor and the four witnesses.  However, other documents quoted below show that Guerec and Pascwethen were Alain´s sons.  It therefore appears likely that Rodald and Budic were also his children.  If this is correct, Rodald was presumably the oldest child as he is named first.  The dating clause of a charter dated 30 Nov 909 refers to "Rudalt comite post mortem patri sui", referring to the county of Vannes[82].  Comte de Vannes.  It appears that, after the death of Alain, power in Brittany was shared between the counts of Poher (Alain´s son-in-law), Vannes (Alain´s possible eldest son) and Cornouaïlle and that none of these was acknowledged as overall ruler.] 

b)         GUEREC [Werec/Vuerech] (-after [5 Feb 897/26 Nov 903]).  "Alanus…rex Brittaniæ" donated property "abbatial sancti Sergii in pago Andecavensi" to "Raino Andacavensis episcopus" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" by charter dated [5 Feb 897/26 Nov 903], subscribed by "Orgaim uxoris suæ…Vuereche filii Alani, Pascuiten fratris sui"[83].  The Chronicle of Nantes quotes a charter, dated to after 5 Feb 897, under which "Alanus rex, summus Britonnum dux…conjugis nostræ Ohurguen ac…communis prolis" donated property, signed by "Rodaldi, Guerech, Pascultani, Budici"[84]

c)         PASCWETHEN (-after [5 Feb 897/26 Nov 903]).  "Alanus…rex Brittaniæ" donated property "abbatial sancti Sergii in pago Andecavensi" to "Raino Andacavensis episcopus" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" by charter dated [5 Feb 897/26 Nov 903], subscribed by "Orgaim uxoris suæ…Vuereche filii Alani, Pascuiten fratris sui"82.  The Chronicle of Nantes quotes a charter, dated to after 5 Feb 897, under which "Alanus rex, summus Britonnum dux…conjugis nostræ Ohurguen ac…communis prolis" donated property, signed by "Rodaldi, Guerech, Pascultani, Budici"[85]

d)         [BUDIC (-after 5 Feb 897).  "Alan dux, filius eius Uueroc, Paxuueten, Budic…" witnessed a charter dated 15 Jan 895 which records that "Keuric…filiam" joined the monks at Redon[86].  The Chronicle of Nantes quotes a charter, dated to after 5 Feb 897, under which "Alanus rex, summus Britonnum dux…conjugis nostræ Ohurguen ac…communis prolis" donated property, signed by "Rodaldi, Guerech, Pascultani, Budici"[87].  The charter does not specify the relationship between the donor and the four witnesses.  However, other documents quoted above show that Guerec and Pascwethen were Alain´s sons.  It therefore appears likely that Rodald and Budic were also his children.  If this is correct, Budic was presumably the youngest of the named children as he is named last.] 

e)         daughter.  The Chronicle of Nantes records that the mother of "filium suum [Mathuedoi]…Alanum" was "filia Alani Magni Britonum ducis"[88]m MATHEDOI [Matuedo] Comte de Poher, son of --- (-936)

Alain & his [second] wife had one child: 

f)          [DERIEN (-after 27 Nov 910).  "Tanchi comes…cum…filiolum suum Derian, filium Alani" shared property which they donated to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 27 Nov 910, "Gurmahilon regnante Britanniam"[89].  It is not certain from this text that Derien was the son of Alain I Duke of Brittany, but it is a possibility.] 

3.         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         EUEN .  "Matuedoi comes" confirmed a donation of property "quod rex Alanus antea atque Euuen nepos eius Sancte Mariæ Bilique episcopo in monacho sempiterno dederat" to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 25 Oct 913[90]same person as…?  EUEN .  "Comes Euuenus" donated property to Landevenec by undated charter, dated to the mid-10th century[91].  "Euuenus comes qui dictus est Magnus" donated property to Landevenec by charter dated 10 Apr 955[92].  An undated charter, dated to [945/52], records the death and burial of "Budic…comes", witnessed by "Alan dux Britanniæ…Benedictus episcopus filius istius Budic…Euhuarn vicecomes…"[93]

 

 

 

B.      DUKES of BRITTANY 938-952 (FAMILY of COMTES de POHER)

 

 

ALAIN de Poher, son of MATHEDOI [Matuedo] Comte de Poher & his wife --- de Bretagne (in Brittany [before 919]-952, bur Church of St Donatian and St Rogatian).  His parentage is confirmed by the Chronicle of Nantes which records that "Mathuedoi comes de Poher" fled "ad regem Anglorum Adelstanum" with "filium suum…Alanum"[94].  Taken to England by his father, he was baptised there, with Æthelstan King of Wessex acting as his godfather.  As King Æthelstan succeeded to the throne in 924, it is likely that this baptism took place when Alain was already past infancy.  It is probable that Alain was not younger than 15 years old, at the youngest, when he took part in the 931 uprising against the Danes in Brittany.  If this is correct, he must have been born several years before his father's escape to England.  He took part in a disastrous uprising against the Danes in Brittany in 931, and fled to England again.  With the help of King Æthelstan, he re-established himself as Comte de Vannes et de Nantes in 936[95], in effect succeeding as ALAIN II "Barbetorte" Duke of Brittany.  Borderie dates the start of Duke Alain´s reign to 938[96].  The Chronicon Floriacensi records the death in 952 of "Ugo Dux Burgundionum et Alanus Brittonum"[97].  The Chronicle of Nantes records the death of "Alanus dux" and his burial "apud ecclesiam Sanctorum Donatiani et Rogatiani"[98]

m firstly (943) ROSCILLE d'Anjou, daughter of FOULQUES I "le Roux" Comte d'Anjou & his wife Roscille [de Loches] (-[943/49]).  A document, allegedly from a "Registre conservé à la Tour de Londres, composé par ordre de Foulque IV", records that "Comes Fulco et Tescendis comitissa" [presumably referring to Comte Foulques I and his wife Roscille] had "tres filios…et Roscillam Alani comitis dicti de Barbatorta uxorem", although this text does not form part of the surviving fragmentary history of the counts of Anjou which is attributed to Foulque IV "Réchin" Comte d´Anjou[99].   

m [secondly] (before [949/51]) as her first husband, --- de Blois, daughter of THIBAUT [I] "l'Ancien" Comte de Blois & his [second wife Richilde ---].  The Chronicle of Nantes records the marriage of "Alanus dux" and "Theobaldum comitem Blesensem…sorore sua"[100].  Although no date is known for this second marriage of Duke Alain, it is likely that his first wife died in 949 at the latest given the birth of his son by his second marriage and his own death in 952.  Duke Alain's [second] wife married secondly, as his second wife, Foulques II Comte d'Anjou.  The Chronicle of Nantes records the marriage of "Theobaldus comes Blesensis…sororem suam relictam Alani Barbætortæ ducis" and "Fulconi comiti Andegavensi"[101]

Mistress (1): JUDITH, daughter of --- (-after 952).  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Alani Barbætortæ filios…Hoel et Guerech…progeniti ex nobili matre…Judith" when recording that they were installed as counts of Nantes[102].  It is assumed that Judith married after the death of Duke Alain, as the Chronicle of Nantes names "le Vicomte Hamon", stating that he mourned the loss of "ses frères Hoel et Guerech" and sought the support of Foulques "Nerra" Comte d'Anjou to avenge their deaths, then being "jouvenceau de l'aage de vingt ans"[103].  As he was so much younger than his brothers, it is assumed that Duke Alain could not have been his father.  Hamon was killed 27 Jun 992 at the battle of Conquereuil[104], dated "992 V Kal Jul" in the Chronicon britannicum[105]

Duke Alain II & his [second] wife had one child:

1.         DREUX [Drogo] ([949/52]-Angers [958]).  The Chronicle of Nantes names "filio suo parvulo Drogoni ex muliere sua" when recording that his father on his deathbed required oaths of loyalty from his vassals in the presence of "suoque sororio Theubaldo, filii sui prædicti avunculo"[106].  He succeeded his father in 952 as DREUX Duke of Brittany, under the guardianship of his maternal uncle Thibaut "le Tricheur" Comte de Blois, Vicomte de Tours who came to dominate Brittany[107].  The Chronicle of Nantes records that "Drogo infans" was killed in his bath through the machinations of his stepfather[108]

Duke Alain II had two illegitimate sons by Mistress (1): 

2.          HOËL (-killed [981])The Chronicle of Nantes names "Alani Barbætortæ filios…Hoel et Guerech…progeniti ex nobili matre…Judith" when recording that they were installed as counts of Nantes[109].  "…Houuel comes, Vuerec…" subscribed an undated charter of "Alanus dux Britonum"[110]Comte de Nantes.  The Chronicle of Nantes records that Hoël was killed by "Conano filio Judicael Berengarii Redonensi comite"[111].  The Annals of St Salvator Redon record that "Hoel, Namnetensis comes, Conani dolo interemptus" was buried at the abbey of Redon[112]Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Hoël's mistress is not known.  Comte Hoël had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

a)         JUDICAËL ([978/80]-1005).  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Judicael et Hoel" as the sons of Hoël "d'une concubine" stating that they were brought up by their paternal grandmother[113]Comte de Nantes

-        COMTES de NANTES

b)         HOËL The Chronicle of Nantes names "Judicael et Hoel" as the sons of Hoël "d'une concubine" stating that they were brought up by their paternal grandmother[114]. 

3.          GUEREC [Vuerech] (-[990], bur Redon).  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Alani Barbætortæ filios…Hoel et Guerech…progeniti ex nobili matre…Judith" when recording that they were installed as counts of Nantes[115].  "…Houuel comes, Vuerec…" subscribed an undated charter of "Alanus dux Britonum"[116].  He refused to be consecrated Bishop of Nantes in 981.  The Chronicle of Nantes records that Guerec was captured by Conan comte de Rennes and poisoned[117]m (after 981) AREMBURGIS, daughter of ---.  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Aremburgis" as wife of Guerec and "Alanum filium suum", stating that she built "castrum Anvenisii"[118].  Guerec & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALAIN (-[990]).  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Aremburgis" as wife of Guerec and "Alanum filium suum"[119].  The Chronicle of Nantes records that Alain died soon after his father from illness[120]

 

 

 

C.      DUKES of BRITTANY 970-1066 (FAMILY of COMTES de RENNES)

 

 

CONAN de Rennes, son of JUDICAËL [Juhael] Comte de Rennes & his wife Gerberge --- (-killed in battle Conquereil 27 Jun 992).  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Conano filio Judicael Berengarii Redonensi comite" when recording that he held a large part of Brittany from Thibaut [II] Comte de Blois and fought with Hoël Comte de Nantes[121].  His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records the death of his grandson "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" in 1008[122].  Comte de Rennes.  He succeeded in [970] as CONAN I "le Tort" Duke of Brittany.  Rodulfus Glaber records that Conan "crowned himself with a royal diadem", was defeated by his brother-in-law Foulques Comte d'Anjou, and surrendered after his right hand had been cut off[123].  The Chronico Sancti Michaelis records that "Conanus Brito…filius Juhelli Berengarii" was killed in battle "V Kal Jul 992" against Foulques Comte d'Anjou[124].  The Chronicle of Nantes reports that he was killed at the battle of Conquereuil[125], dated "992 V Kal Jul" in the Chronicon britannicum[126].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death "in bello Conçurruç…V Kal Jul" of "Conanus comes, filius Iudicaëlis Berengarii Comitis Redonensis"[127]

m (973) ERMENGARDE d'Anjou, daughter of GEOFFROY I "Grisegonelle" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Adela de Meaux [Vermandois-Carolingian] (before 965-after 982).  Rodulfus Glaber records that Conan married the sister of Foulques of Anjou but does not name her[128].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

Duke Conan I & his wife had five children:

1.         GEOFFROY de Bretagne ([980]-20 Nov 1008).  His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records that "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" died in 1008 "dum pergeret Romam causa orationis"[129].  He succeeded his father in 992 as GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany

-        see below.

2.         JUDITH de Bretagne ([982]-16 Jun 1017).  Guillaume of Jumièges records the marriage of “dux Richardus” and “Goiffredum Britannorum comitem...sororem...Iudith” at “limina Archangeli Michaelis[130].  Orderic Vitalis records that “Ricardus Gunnorides...et Judith uxor eius soror Gaufredi Britonum comitis” founded “cœnobium apud Bernaïcum in honore sanctæ Dei genitricis Mariæ[131].  An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou, by charter dated [13 Apr/4 Apr] 1012, is subscribed by "Richardus…filius Ricardi principi magni…Judith…"[132].  The Chronicle of Caen Saint-Etienne records the death in 1017 of "Judita comitissa"[133]m (Mont Saint-Michel [1000]) as his first wife, RICHARD II "le Bon/l'Irascible" Comte de Normandie, son of RICHARD I "Sans-Peur" Comte [de Normandie] & his second wife Gunnora (-28 Aug 1027). 

3.         JUDICAËL (-1037).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1026 which recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", witnessed by "Judicael et Hurwodius duo fratres ipsius"[134].  Comte de Porhoët. 

4.         CATUALLON (-15 Jan, 1050 or after).  Tresvaux records that Catuallon, brother of Geoffroy I Duke of Brittany, was abbot of Redon, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[135]

5.         HURNOD [Urvod] de Bretagne (-after 1026).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1026 which recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", witnessed by "Judicael et Hurwodius duo fratres ipsius"[136]

 

 

GEOFFROY de Bretagne, son of CONAN I "le Tort" Duke of Brittany & his wife Ermengarde d'Anjou ([980]-20 Nov 1008).  His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records that "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" died in 1008 "dum pergeret Romam causa orationis"[137].  He succeeded his father 992 as GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany.  A charter dated 1026 recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium"[138].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death "dum pergeret Romam" in 1008 of "Gauffridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Iuhaëlis Berengarii"[139]

m (996) HAVISE de Normandie, daughter of RICHARD I "Sans-Peur" Comte [de Normandie] & his second wife Gunnora --- (-21 Feb 1034).  Guillaume of Jumièges names “Emma...secunda Hadvis...tertia Mathildis” as the three daughters of Richard and his wife “Gunnor ex nobilissima Danorum prosapia ortam”, adding that Havise married “Goiffredo Britannorum comiti” by whom she had “Alanum et Eudonem duces[140].  A charter dated 1008 records that, after the death of "Gaufrido comite Britanniæ", "filii eius Alanus et Eudo cum matre eorum Hadeguisia" restored the abbey of Saint-Méen[141].  "…Aduise matre eorum comitum…" signed the charter dated to [1013/22] under which "Alanus et Egio Britannorum monarchi" founded the priory of Livré "in pago Redonensi"[142].  The Chronico Kemperlegiensi records the death "1034 IX Kal Mar" of "Haduisa comitissa Britanniæ, vidua Gauffridi"[143]

Duke Geoffroy I & his wife had three children:

1.         ALAIN de Bretagne ([997]-poisoned Montgommery 1 Oct 1040).  A charter dated 1026 recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", stating that "quo defuncto, Alanus filius eius…renum patris suscipiens", witnessed by "Alanus comes…Heudo frater eius"[144].  Guillaume of Jumièges names “Emma...secunda Hadvis...tertia Mathildis” as the three daughters of Richard and his wife “Gunnor ex nobilissima Danorum prosapia ortam”, adding that Havise married “Goiffredo Britannorum comiti” by whom she had “Alanum et Eudonem duces[145].  He succeeded his father in 1008 as ALAIN III Duke of Brittany.  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records that "Alanus filius eius" succeeded "Gauffridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Iuhaëlis Berengarii" in 1008[146].  A charter dated 1008 records that, after the death of "Gaufrido comite Britanniæ", "filii eius Alanus et Eudo cum matre eorum Hadeguisia" restored the abbey of Saint-Méen[147].  "Alanus et Egio Britannorum monarchi" founded the priory of Livré "in pago Redonensi" by charter dated to [1013/22], signed by "…Aduise matre eorum comitum, Rivalloni vicarii, Triscanni…"[148].  "Alanus Britannice gentis dux atque princeps" founded the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter dated to [1028/30], witnessed by "Eudo meus germanus, Gozolinus vicecomes, Rivallonis vicarius, Alanus Cornugallie comes…"[149].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Alannus Britannorum comes" was poisoned “a Normannis in Normania[150].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1040 of "Alanus Comes Redonensis", another manuscript specifying that "Alanus Dux Britanniæ" died "Kal Apr"[151]m (1018) as her first husband, BERTHE de Blois, daughter of EUDES II Comte de Blois et de Chartres & his second wife Ermengarde d'Auvergne (-[11/13] Apr 1085).  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records that "Alanus filius eius" succeeded "Gauffridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Iuhaëlis Berengarii" and married "Bertham filiam Odonis Comitis Carnotensis"[152].  The Flandria Generosa names "Berta comitissa" daughter of "altera Ermengardis comitissa", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and his wife Havise de Bretagne which constituted grounds for the couple's separation[153].  She married secondly (after 14 May 1046) Hugues IV Comte du Maine (-26 Mar 1051).  The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that Bishop Gervais arranged the marriage of "Hugonem…Herberti filium" and "Bertam…Alani Britannorum comitis olim coniugem"[154].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Hugo filius Herberti", after the death of "Alannus Britannorum comes" who was poisoned “a Normannis in Normania”, married “Bertam ipsius relictam, Tedbaldi Blesensium comitis sororem[155].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii which records the death in 1062 of "Herbertus Cenomannensium Comes et frater uterinus Conani ducis"[156].  "Berta comitissa Alani Redonensis ducis uxor" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, for the souls of "filie nostre Hadeuis comitisse Hoelis ducis Britannie conjugis et…filiorum suorum, meorum…nepotum Alani et Mathie", by charter dated 1075, signed by "Alanus nothus filius Conani comitis…familiars comitisse Haduis neptis mee…"[157].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1084 of "Bertha Comitissa mater Conani"[158].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1085 of "Bertha religiosa Comitissa", stating that she restored "Monasterium S. Melanii"[159].  The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "II Id Apr" of "Berta comitissa"[160].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1085 of "Berthæ comitissæ"[161].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death "Kal Jun" in 1085 of "Bertha Comitissa Britanniæ, mater Conani Ducis, soror Fulconis"[162], although no other record has been found which confirms that Berthe had a brother named Foulques.  Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Duke Alain's mistress is not known.  Duke Alain III & his wife had two children:

a)         CONAN de Bretagne (-[Anjou] 11 Dec 1066)His parentage is confirmed by the necrology entry which names his mother (see below), read together with the sources which confirm his mother's marriage.  He succeeded his father in 1040 as CONAN II Duke of Brittany, but was deprived of the duchy by his paternal uncle Eudes.  He retaliated, captured Eudes and imprisoned him in chains, confirming himself as duke in 1057[163].  "Abbatissa…Addela…soror…Alani Britannie ducis" issued a charter dated 1050, before "Conanum comitem…eius nepotem", relating to the rights of the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[164].  The Breton/Norman war of 1064/65 was triggered by the rebellion of Rivallon [I] de Dol, who was supported by Guillaume II Duke of Normandy.  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1066 of "Conanus dux Britanniæ"[165].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1066 of "Conanus dux Britanniæ filius Alani"[166].  Another manuscript of the Chronicon Britannico names "Comes Britannorum Conanus iuvenis et maliciosus" when recording that he attacked Anjou and died there in 1066[167].  The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "III Id Dec" of "Conanus Britannorum comes", stating that "Berta comitissa mater eius" donated property for his soul[168].  Conan had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

i)          ALAIN (-after 1075).  "Alanus nothus filius Conani comitis" witnessed the charter dated 1075 under which "Berta comitissa Alani Redonensis ducis uxor" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, for the souls of "filie nostre Hadeuis comitisse Hoelis ducis Britannie conjugis et…filiorum suorum, meorum…nepotum Alani et Mathie"[169]

b)         HAVISE de Bretagne (-19 Aug 1072).  The Flandria Generosa names "Havisis Namnetensis comitissa" as daughter of "Berta comitissa", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and his wife Havise de Bretagne which constituted grounds for the couple's separation[170].  The Chronicon Briocensi records the marriage of "Hasevisiam sororem…Conani Ducis" and "Hoellus Dux"[171].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to before 1072 under which "Constancius" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "Jedear uxore mea" and affirmed by "Hoel comes et Haduis comitissa, Alanus et Mathias et Eudo filii eorum"[172], read together with another passage in the Flandria Generosa which names "comes Alanus" as son of "Havisis Namnetensis comitissa"[173].  She was heiress of her brother Conan II Duke of Brittany in 1066.  The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Sep" of "Haduisis filia Berta comitisse"[174].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1072 of "Hadeuguis comitissa"[175]m (1066) HOËL Comte de Nantes, de Cornouaïlle, et de Léon, son of ALAIN "Caignart" Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Judith de Nantes (-13 Apr 1084). 

Duke Alain III had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1): 

c)          GEOFFROY (-St Courentin 25 Oct 1084).  The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the donation by "comes Brittaniæ Goffredus cognomento Bastardus cum…uxoris suæ Bertæ", undated[176].  His parentage is suggested by the charter dated 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes witnessed by "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…"[177].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records that "Gaufredus Comes bastardus" was captured in 1084 "apud Redonensem urbem"[178].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records that "Gaufridus Comes Redonensis nothus" died in captivity in 1084 "apud Sanctum Courentinum…XXV Oct"[179]m BERTHE, daughter of ---.  The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the donation by "comes Brittaniæ Goffredus cognomento Bastardus cum…uxoris suæ Bertæ", undated[180].   

2.         EUDES de Bretagne (-Cesson 1079, bur Saint-Brieuc).  Guillaume of Jumièges names “Emma...secunda Hadvis...tertia Mathildis” as the three daughters of Richard and his wife “Gunnor ex nobilissima Danorum prosapia ortam”, adding that Havise married “Goiffredo Britannorum comiti” by whom she had “Alanum et Eudonem duces[181].  A charter dated 1008 records that, after the death of "Gaufrido comite Britanniæ", "filii eius Alanus et Eudo cum matre eorum Hadeguisia" restored the abbey of Saint-Méen[182].  "Alanus et Egio Britannorum monarchi" founded the priory of Livré "in pago Redonensi" by charter dated to [1013/22], signed by "…Aduise matre eorum comitum, Rivalloni vicarii, Triscanni…"[183].  A charter dated 1026 recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", recalling that "quo defuncto, Alanus filius eius…renum patris suscipiens", witnessed by "Alanus comes…Heudo frater eius"[184].  "Alanus Britannice gentis dux atque princeps" founded the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter dated to [1028/30], witnessed by "Eudo meus germanus, Gozolinus vicecomes, Rivallonis vicarius, Alanus Cornugallie comes…"[185].  Eudes appears to have ruled Brittany jointly with his brother until the death of their mother in 1034.  Following disputes with his brother, a division of territories was agreed, Eudes taking the dioceses of Dol, Saint Malo, Saint Brieuc and Tréguier, at which time he can be said to have become Comte de Penthièvre.  "Manigenius…miles" founded the priory of Saint-Cyr-lès-Rennes and donated it to Tours Saint-Julien by charter dated 23 May 1037, subscribed by "Alanus dux…Eudonis fratris Alani ducis Britannorum, Gotzelini vicecomitis, Rualentis domini Doli…"[186].  After the death of his brother in 1040, Eudes seized Brittany and excluded his nephew, succeeding as EUDES I Duke of Brittany.  According to Orderic Vitalis, Eudes ruled the country "freely without acknowledging any lord for 15 years"[187].  However, his nephew retaliated, captured Eudes and imprisoned him in chains[188]

-        COMTES de PENTHIEVRE

3.         ADELA de Bretagne (-1067).  "Abbatissa…Addela…soror…Alani Britannie ducis" issued a charter dated 1050, before "Conanum comitem…eius nepotem", relating to the rights of the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[189].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1067 of "Adela Abbatissa Conani Ducis amita"[190].  Abbess of Saint-Georges at Rennes. 

 

 

 

D.      DUKES of BRITTANY 1084-1156 (FAMILY of COMTES de CORNOUAÏLLE)

 

 

ALAIN de Cornouaïlle, son of HOËL Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Havise de Bretagne (-13 Oct 1119).  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Alanum, Mathiam et Benedictum" as the three children of "Hoellus…ex Hadevisa uxore sua"[191].  The Flandria Generosa names "comes Alanus" son of "Havisis Namnetensis comitissa", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between his daughter Havise and her husband Baudouin VII Count of Flanders which constituted grounds for the couple's separation[192].  "Constancius" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "Jedear uxore mea" and affirmed by "Hoel comes et Haduis comitissa, Alanus et Mathias et Eudo filii eorum" by charter dated before 1072[193].  "Berta comitissa Alani Redonensis ducis uxor" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, for the souls of "filie nostre Hadeuis comitisse Hoelis ducis Britannie conjugis et…filiorum suorum, meorum…nepotum Alani et Mathie", by charter dated 1075, signed by "Alanus nothus filius Conani comitis, Vitalis et Gualterius Carnotenses, familiares comitisse Haduis neptis mee…"[194].  He succeeded in 1084 as ALAIN IV "Fergant" Duke of Brittany.  "Alanus comes filius Hoeli comitis" confirmed the rights of the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by charter dated 1084[195].  "Alano qui et Fergant, Hoeli filio, totius Britannie consule" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 1092[196].  He accompanied Robert III Duke of Normandy on the First Crusade[197].  Albert of Aix names "…domnus Alens cognomine Fercans, Conans quoque, ambo principes Brittanorum…" among those who took part in the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[198].  He abdicated in [1114/16] in favour of his son, becoming a monk at the abbey of Redon: the Annals of St Salvator Redon record that "Alanus Fergent, ex Britonum duce rotonensis monachus, anno 1119 fato functus" was buried at the abbey of Redon[199].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1119 of "Alanus Fergent pater Conani"[200].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death "III Id Oct" in 1119 of "Alanus Fergant junior filius Hoëlis Comitis"[201]

m firstly ([1086/88]) CONSTANCE of England, daughter of WILLIAM I "the Conqueror" King of England & his wife Mathilde de Flandre (Normandy [1057/1061]-13 Aug 1090, bur Church of St Melans near Rhedon).  Guillaume of Jumièges names Constance as second daughter, naming her husband "Alanno Fergant comiti minoris Britanniæ filio...Hoelli" and specifying that she died childless[202].  Orderic Vitalis records that King William I arranged the marriage of "Constantiam filiam suam" and “Alanno Ferganno” at Caen[203].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the marriage in 1086 of "Alanus" and "Constantiam filiam Regis Anglorum Guillelmi"[204].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the marriage in 1087 of "Alanus Hoëli Consulis filius" and "Constantiam Guillelmi Regis Anglorum filiam"[205].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the marriage in 1088 of "Alanus" and "Constantiam filam Regis Guillelmi Anglorum"[206].  Orderic Vitalis records that she was married in Bayeux[207].  "Alanus dux Britannorum et Constantia uxor eius" donated property to the priory of Livré by charter dated 31 Jul 1089[208].  According to William of Malmesbury, "she excited the inhabitants [of Brittany] by the severity of her justice to administer a poisonous potion to her"[209].  Orderic Vitalis, on the other hand, says that she "did everything in her power to further the welfare of her subjects" and "was deeply grieved when she died"[210].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1090 of "Constantia Alani coniux…sine liberis"[211].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1090 of "Constantia comitissa filia regis Anglorum"[212]

m secondly ([1093]) as her second husband, ERMENGARDE d'Anjou, divorced wife of GUILLAUME IX Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME VII Comte de Poitou], daughter of FOULQUES IV "le Rechin" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Hildegarde de Baugency ([1068]-Jerusalem 1 Jun 1146, bur Redon).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the daughter of "Fulco" as "comitissam Redonensem" but does not name her[213].  "Fulco Andegavensis comes" donated property to Angers with the consent of "filiis meis Gaufrido et Fulconello et filia mea Ermengarde" by charter dated 23 Jun 1096[214].  William of Tyre names her "Hermingerda", gives her father's name implying that she was born from his fifth marriage, and names her first husband "Pictaviensium comitis Willelmi", records her divorce and names her second husband "comes Brittaniæ"[215].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Fergannus comes" married “filiam comitis Andegavorum” after the death of his first wife[216].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "comitissa Brittaniæ" was the daughter of Foulques & his first wife "filiam Lancelini de Baugenciaco", adding that she became a nun at "Jerusalem in ecclesia Sanctæ Annæ" after her husband died[217].  The Chronicon Briocensi records the marriage of "Alanus filius primogenitus [Hoelli]" and "Ermengardem filiam Comitis Andegavensis"[218].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes nepos Goffridi Martelli…consulis" donated property to Angers with the consent of "Ermenjarde filia sua comitissa Brittaniæ" by charter dated 12 Apr 1109[219].  "Conanus…Britaniaæ dux cum sorore mea Hidevis et matre mea Ermeniart" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by charter dated 1118, which names "pater meus Alanus et avus Hoel et attavus Alanus"[220].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "Kal Jun" of "Ermengardis comitissa Britanniæ mater Conan ducis et soror Fulconis regis Hierosolymitani"[221].  The Annals of St Salvator Redon record that "Ermengardeque Alani conjugem, vere piam ac religiosam" was buried at the abbey of Redon[222]

Mistresses (1) - (2): ---.  The names of Duke Alain's mistresses are not known. 

Duke Alain IV & his second wife had three children: 

1.         CONAN de Bretagne (-17 Sep 1148).  Orderic Vitalis names “Conanum” as the son of "Fergannus comes" and his second wife “filiam comitis Andegavorum[223].  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Conanum et Hazevisiam" as the two children of "Alanus filius primogenitus [Hoelli]" and his wife "Ermengardem filiam Comitis Andegavensis"[224].  William of Tyre records his parentage[225].  He succeeded on the abdication of his father in [1114/16] as CONAN III "Grossus/le Gros" Duke of Brittany.  "Conanus Britannorum dux" donated property to Saint-Nicolas d´Angers by charter dated to [1129/36], which names "mater mea Ermengardis comitissa"[226].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1148 of "Conanus Dux Britanniæ"[227].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1148 of "Conanus Dux Britanniæ filius Alani et Ermengardæ"[228].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XV Kal Oct" of "Conanus dux et comes Britanniæ" and his donation of "ecclesiam de Pinello" to the church of St Maurice[229]m (1112 or before) MATILDA, illegitimate daughter of HENRY I King of England & his mistress --- (-after 1128).  Her marriage is referred to by Orderic Vitalis[230], in a later passage recording that the betrothal occurred before the alliance was agreed between Henry I King of England and Louis VI King of France, which is dated to 1113[231].  Guillaume de Jumièges names Mathilde as illegitimate daughter of King Henry I and her husband "Conano comiti minoris Britanniæ"[232].  "Alanus, Hoelli filius, comes totius Britannie et princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "suorum filiorum Conani et Gaufridi, necnon et uxoris suæ Hermengardis et uxoris filii sui Conani, Mahalt" by charter dated 1112[233].  "Mathilda comitissa et Haduisa soror comitis Conani" signed the undated charter Duke Conan III donated a fishery to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[234].  "Ermengardis mater mea et uxor mea Matildis…" signed the charter dated 1128 under which Duke Conan III confirmed the possessions of the monks of Saint-Melaine de Rennes[235].  Duke Conan III & his wife had three children:

a)         HOËL de Bretagne (-1156).  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1148 of "Conanus Dux Britanniæ" and records that he had disinherited "Hoellus…suum…filium"[236].  "Hoelli filii comitis…" signed the undated charter which records the judgment of the court of Duke Conan III relating to the rights of the monastery of Saint-Martin de Vertou[237].  Comte de Nantes 1148.  "Hoellus…Britanniæ dux, Conani comitis filius" donated "terram…Villa Nova" to the abbey of Buzai, with the consent of "sorore mea Berta comitissa", by charter dated 1153[238].  The Chronicon Briocensi records the death in 1156 of "Hoelli Ducis", although it does not specify that he was the son of Duke Conan III[239]

b)         BERTHE de Bretagne (-[1158/64]).  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1148 of "Conanus Dux Britanniæ" and records that he had disinherited "Hoellus…suum…filium" and that he appointed as his successor "Eudone Vicecomite Porhoëtensi" who had married "sororem eius Bertam"[240].  Her first marriage is suggested by the Chronicon Kemperlegiensis which records the death in 1146 of "Alanus Niger, Conani Ducis gener"[241].  The undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour states that "le comte Estienne" had three children “Geffroi, Alain et Henri aieul de cest Henri ci-dessus”, adding that Alain was sent to England, was “comte de Richemont”, and on his return married “la fille de Conan comte de Rennes[242]m firstly ([1137]) ALAIN "le Noir" de Penthièvre, Lord of Richmond, son of ETIENNE de Bretagne Lord of Richmond & his wife Havise de Guingamp (before 1100-in Brittany 15 Sep 1146, bur Bégard).  m secondly (1148 or before) as his first wife, EUDES Vicomte de Porhoët, son of GEOFFROY Vicomte de Porhoët & his wife Hawise --- (-after 1180).  He succeeded in 1148 as EUDES Duke of Brittany, by right of his wife.  Deposed by his stepson in 1156, he was taken prisoner by Raoul de Fougères. 

c)         CONSTANCE de Bretagne (-1148).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m as his first wife, GEOFFROY de Mayenne, son of JUHEL Sire de Mayenne & his wife Clémence de Ponthieu (-18 Feb or 25 Jul 1169). 

Duke Conan III had two [probably illegitimate] children [by unknown mistresses]: 

d)         AIMERIC (-after [1137]).  "…Hamericus filius comitis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1137] under which Conan III Duke of Brittany donated property to Tiron abbey "mater mea Ermengardis comitissa"[243]. 

e)         GUYOMAR (-after 1154).  "Guihummaro fratri Hohelli ducis Britannie, monacho Sancti Florentii" was granted the privilege of being associated with the spiritual benefits of the abbey by the abbot of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, by charter dated 1154/57[244].  The date suggests that "Hohelli ducis Britannie" must have been the disinherited son of Duke Conan III.  If this is correct, it is probable that his brother Guyomar was illegitimate as there is no record in the primary sources of Duke Conan having a second legitimate son.  Monk at Saumur Saint-Florent. 

2.         HAVISE de Bretagne.  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Conanum et Hazevisiam" as the two children of "Alanus filius primogenitus [Hoelli]" and his wife "Ermengardem filiam Comitis Andegavensis"[245].  The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana refers to the wife of "Balduinum comitem" as "filiam Alani Fregani comitis Brittaniæ", but does not name her[246].  The Flandria Generosa names "filiam Alani comitis Brittaniæ" as the wife of "Balduinus Inclitus", specifying that they were separated by Pope Pascal II on grounds of consanguinity[247].  "Conanus…Britaniaæ dux cum sorore mea Hidevis et matre mea Ermeniart" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by charter dated 1118, which names "pater meus Alanus et avus Hoel et attavus Alanus"[248].  "Mathilda comitissa et Haduisa soror comitis Conani" signed the undated charter Duke Conan III donated a fishery to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[249]m (1110, divorced) BAUDOUIN de Flandre, son of ROBERT II Count of Flanders & his wife Clémence de Bourgogne [Comté] (1093-Boulers 17 Jun 1119, bur Saint Bertin).  He succeeded his father in 1111 as BAUDOUIN VII Count of Flanders

3.         GEOFFROY "le Roux" de Bretagne (-Jerusalem 1116).  "Alanus, Hoelli filius, comes totius Britannie et princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "suorum filiorum Conani et Gaufridi, necnon et uxoris suæ Hermengardis et uxoris filii sui Conani, Mahalt" by charter dated 1112[250].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1116 of "puer filius Alani Comitis…Gaufridus" at "apud Jerosolymam"[251], "puer" suggesting that he was much younger than his brother and sister. 

Duke Alain IV had [two] illegitimate sons by Mistresses (1) - (2): 

4.          GUY [Guimar] .  Orderic Vitalis records that "Guiumar Brito filius Alanni comitis" was captured with Joscelin de Courtenay at the siege of Manbij and "held in fetters for a year"[252].  He and other captives were subsequently given to the Caliph of Baghdad, who freed them but with whom he stayed for "three and a half years and were greatly honoured" before returning to Antioch[253]

5.          [BRIEN [FitzCount] ([1090/1100]-after [1141/42])Domesday Descendants states that Brien was the illegitimate son of Alain IV Duke of Brittany[254], but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  According to the Complete Peerage, Brien FitzCount was the son of Alain "le Noir" de Penthièvre Lord of Richmond (who died in 1146) and his wife Berthe daughter of Conan III Duke of Brittany[255], but this is impossible from a chronological point of view.  He was raised by Henry I King of England[256]"…Brientio filio comitis…" witnessed the charter dated 1114 under which Henry I King of England granted the land of Roger de Worcester to Walter de Beauchamp[257].  "…Brientio filio Comitis…" witnessed the charter dated 1126 under which Henry I King of England confirmed a donation to Worksop priory[258].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Brientio fil Com" in Oxfordshire (three entries), Wiltshire (three entries), Hampshire, and Surrey (twice)[259].  Lord of Wallingford, Berkshire de iure uxoris.  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Brianus filius Comitis" who had "Walengefordiam" rebelled against King Stephen, dated to [1140/42][260].  The sources which relate Brien´s holding of the lordship of Abergavenny raise a difficult problem relating to his parentage.  The Historia fundationis cum fundatoris genealogia of the priory of Abergavenny which records that “Brientio filio comitis de Insula, nepoti suo de sorore sua…Lucia” inherited the castle of Abergavenny after the death of “Hamelinus, frater Luciæ comitissæ de Insula” without heirs[261].  This is partially confirmed by the undated charter under which “H. de Bellocampo” confirmed donations to Abergavenny priory by “antecessores mei Hamelinus de Balon et Brientius filius comitis[262].  If this is correct, he was Brien, son of --- Comte de l´Isle & his wife Lucia.  No trace has so far been found of the family of this alleged "Comte de l´Isle".  The Complete Peerage takes the problem a stage further by suggesting that Brien was Lord of Abergavenny (from before 1119) maybe by right of his wife[263]No other source has been identified which corroborates any family relationship between Hamon de Ballon Lord of Abergavenny and either Brien or his wife.  The account in the Historia (which is dated to the early 14th century) should presumably be dismissed as spurious.  However, the problem remains of deciding whether Brien was in fact granted the lordship of Abergavenny by right of succession.  Empress Matilda permitted "Milon com Heref" to hold the castle and honour of Abergavenny, from "Bri fil com et Matild de Walengeford uxor sue" by charter dated [Jul 1141/Dec 1142][264].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Briennius et…Mathillis uxor eius" retired to monasteries ("reddiderunt se religioni") during the reign of King Stephen and that Henri Duke of Normandy, son of Empress Matilda, acquired the honour of Wallingford[265]According to the Complete Peerage, he was ancestor of the lords of Bedale and Stapelton,  and the Stapilton family, who became extinct in the male line in 1307[266]According to Domesday Descendants, he left no issue[267], presumably based on the report in the Testa de Nevill that Brien left no heirs by his wife Matilda[268].]  m MATILDA Lady of Wallingford, Berkshire, daughter of --- (-after [1150]).  Empress Matilda permitted "Milon com Heref" to hold the castle and honour of Abergavenny, from "Bri fil com et Matild de Walengeford uxor sue" by charter dated [Jul 1141/Dec 1142][269].  Two possible origins are proposed for Matilda.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Roberto Doilli…filiam Mathillidem" inherited the honour of Wallingford in Berkshire and married "Milo Crispinus", and after his death "Briennio filio comitis", adding that the latter had no heirs by her[270].  If this is correct, she was MATILDA de Oilly, widow of MILES Crespin, daughter and heiress of ROBERT d'Oilly of Wallingford & his wife ---.  According to the Complete Peerage, this inquisition in the Testa de Nevill, which appears to be the only surviving authority which supposedly confirms this second marriage, is "of too late a date to be implicitly relied on"[271].  In any case, from a chronological point of view, its version of events is extremely improbable: Matilda de Oilly´s marriage to Milo Crispin is estimated to before Easter 1084 (based on the Chronicle of Abingdon names "Milone de Walingaford cognomento Crispin" among those who accompanied Henry, son of William I King of England, to Abingdon monastery to celebrate Easter 1084[272]), while her supposed second husband Brien FitzCount was raised by Henry I King of England[273], presumably indicating his date of birth in the late 11th/early 12th century.  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1225, by "Henricus de Oilly" against "Willelmum Basset" for "feodum dim. militis…in Hispedena", the plaintiff claiming that it was held by "Matillis de Oylli […Briennius filius Comitis…uxor sua]…tempore H. Regis patris Imperatricis" who died without heirs, inherited by "Roberto de Oylli…Henrici de Oylli patri istius Henrici"[274].  A second possible origin is proposed by Domesday Descendants, according to which Brien´s wife was the daughter of the older Matilda of Wallingford[275], therefore MATILDA Crespin, daughter of MILES Crispin Lord of Wallingford & his wife Matilda de Oilly Lady of Wallingford.  This proposed solution appears to answer all the possible difficulties.  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Briennius et…Mathillis uxor eius" retired to monasteries ("reddiderunt se religioni") during the reign of King Stephen and that Henri Duke of Normandy, son of Empress Matilda, acquired the honour of Wallingford[276].  Brien had [two possible children, maybe not by his known wife]: 

a)         [two sons .  The Historia fundationis cum fundatoris genealogia of the priory of Abergavenny records that the two sons of Brien Lord of Abergavenny were lepers[277].  If correct, this would explain why the lordship of Abergavenny was transferred away from Brien´s family.  However, as discussed further above, the account in the Historia is dubious.  As also noted above, the inquisition dated 1212 stated that Brien died without heirs by his wife Matilda de Wallingford, although if their sons were lepers they could have been disinherited.] 

 

 

 

E.      DUKES of BRITTANY 1156-1206 (FAMILY of COMTES de PENTHIEVRE)

 

 

CONAN de Penthièvre, son of ALAIN Earl of Richmond & his wife Berthe heiress of Brittany ([1138]-18 or 20 Feb 1171, bur Bégard Monastery).  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini names "Conanus junior, comes Britanniæ, Alani comitis filius et Berta mater eius comitissa" when recording his death[278].  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Conanus filius Alani" succeeded his father "in honorem Richemundiæ" and built "turrim magnam infra Castellum Richemundiæ"[279].  He invaded Brittany in 1156, captured Rennes, expelled his stepfather who was taken prisoner by Raoul de Fougères, and succeeded as CONAN IV "le Petit" Duke of Brittany.  He seized the county of Nantes on the death in 1158 of Geoffroy Comte de Nantes, son of Henry II King of England.  King Henry II deprived Duke Conan of the lordship of Richmond, but it was returned to him under the agreement reached in Sep 1158.  "Conan dux Britannie comes Richmundie" confirmed the donation of Plubihan and Plougasnou to Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter to [1156/69], witnessed by "Margarita comitissa, Willelmo filio Hamon, Alano de Rohan, Constancia sorore comitis…"[280].  Duke Conan confiscated Tréguier and Guingamp from his uncle Comte Henri.  He was forced to surrender Brittany to King Henry II in 1166, on the betrothal of his daughter to Henry's son, who was proclaimed Duke of Brittany in 1169.  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini record that "Conanus junior, comes Britanniæ, Alani comitis filius et Berta mater eius comitissa" was dying in 1169 and that Henry II King of England subjugated Brittany and placed his son Geoffroy to rule there through "Guillelmi filii Hamonis"[281].  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1171 of "Conanus dux Britanniæ"[282].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1171 of "Conanus junior Dux Britanniæ"[283].  The necrology of Landévennec records the death “XII Kal Mar” of “Conanus dux Britanniæ 1171[284].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death "XX Feb" in 1171 of "Conanus Dux Britanniæ et Comes Richemundiæ"[285].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1171 of "Conani Ducis Britanniæ, Alani et Berthæ filii"[286].  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records the death in Brittany in 1170 of "Conanus filius Alani" and his burial "Begare"[287]

m (1160) as her first husband, MARGARET of Scotland, daughter of HENRY of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland & his wife Ada de Warenne ([1144/45]-1201, bur Sawtrey Abbey, Hunts).  Her origin and first marriage are deduced from Benedict of Peterborough recording that "filia sororis regis Scotiæ Willelmi comitissa Brittaniæ" gave birth in 1186 to "filium…Arturum"[288].  Her birth date is estimated from the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “villam de Wissinton” held by “Margareta comitissa…xl annorum”, adding that “comes Britannie habet filiam suam” and that she has “i filium de Humfrido de Buun qui est infra etatem[289].  The Chronicle of Melrose records the marriage in 1160 of "Malcolm king of Scotland…his sister Margaret to Conan duke of Brittany"[290].  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Conanus filius Alani" married "Margaretam sororem Willielmi Regis Scotie"[291].  "Conan dux Britannie comes Richmundie" confirmed the donation of Plubihan and Plougasnou to Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter to [1156/69], witnessed by "Margarita comitissa, Willelmo filio Hamon, Alano de Rohan, Constancia sorore comitis…"[292].  She married secondly (before Easter 1175) Humphrey [IV] de Bohun Constable of England.  A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “dominus Humfridus quartus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et constabularius Angliæ” married “Margaretam comitissam Britanniæ[293].  The Annals of Burton record the death in 1201 of “Margareta mater…Constantiæ, soror Willelmi regis Scotiæ, mater Henrici de Boum comitis Herefordiæ[294]

Duke Conan & his wife had one child: 

1.         CONSTANCE de Bretagne ([1161]-[Nantes] [3/5] Sep 1201, bur Bégard Monastery, transferred 24 Nov 1225 to Villeneuve-les-Nantes, Abbaye de Notre-Dame).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Constantiam comitis Conani filia" as wife of "Gaufridus dux Britannie comes Richemontis filius Henrici regis Anglie natu tertius", specifying that she married [thirdly] "Guido frater vicecomitem de Tuart"[295].  She is named by Matthew of Paris, who also gives her parentage, when he records her betrothal[296].  She succeeded her father in 1171 as CONSTANCE Dss de Bretagne.  Robert of Torigny records the marriage in 1182 of "Gaufredus dux Britanniæ filius regis Henrici" and "filiam Conani comitis Britanniæ"[297].  The Annales Cestrienses record in 1188 that “Rannulphus comes Cestrie” was knighted “in die circumcisionis domini apud [Cadomum]” by King Henry II who also granted him “relictam [Galfridi filii sui]...comitissam Britannie filia Alani comitis Britannie...Constancia et toto comittatu de Richemund” whom he married “in die Sancte Werburge...III Non Feb apud ---[298].  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Constantia filia Conani" married secondly "Ranulphus Comes Cestriæ", stating that he divorced her because of her adultery and that the marriage was childless[299].  Living apart from her second husband, he captured her at Pontorson in 1196 and imprisoned her at his castle at Beuvron.  She was liberated in Summer 1198, and repudiated her marriage.  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Constantia filia Conani" married thirdly "Guidoni de Thoarcio"[300].  The Annals of Burton record the death in 1201 of “Constantia mater Arthuri comitis Britanniæ[301].  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records the death in 1201 of "Constantia filia Conani" and her burial "apud Begar"[302].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death "III Non Sep" in 1201 of "Constantia Ducissa Britanniæ"[303].  Another Chronicon Britannicum records the death "pridie non Sep" in 1201 of "Constantia comitissa, Conani filia, mater Arturi"[304].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1201 of "Constantia Comitissa apud Nannetum"[305]m firstly (betrothed 1166, Jul 1181) GEOFFREY of England, son of HENRY II King of England & his wife Eléonore Dss d'Aquitaine (23 Sep 1158-Paris 19 Aug 1186, bur Notre dame Cathedral, Paris).  Proclaimed GEOFFROY Duke of Brittany 1169 by his father Henry II King of England.  He was trodden to death by a horse during a tournament in Paris.  m secondly (3 Feb 1188, repudiated 1198) as his first wife, RANULF "de Blundeville" Earl of Chester, son of HUGH Earl of Chester & his wife Bertrade de Montfort (Oswestry, Powys [1170]-Wallingford 28 Oct 1232, bur 3 Nov 1232 Chester, Abbey of St Werburgh).  m thirdly (Oct 1199) as his first wife, GUY de Thouars, son of GEOFFROY [V] Vicomte de Thouars & his wife Aumou --- (-château de Chemillé 23 Apr 1213, bur 24 Nov 1225 Villeneuve-les-Nantes, Abbaye de Notre-Dame).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that Philippe II King of France besieged "Albam Marnam castrum" in 1196 and captured "Guido frater Reymundi vicecomitis Thoarcensis", who later married "matrem Arturi iunioris Constantiam relicta…Gaufridi" and became "comes Britannie"[306].  After the death of Arthur Duke of Brittany in 1203, he was chosen by the nobles of Brittany as GUY Duke of Brittany during the minority of his daughter.  His English lands were confiscated in 1203.  Philippe II "Auguste" King of France conquered Brittany in 1206, deposed Guy as Duke but left him as Regent, a post which he continued to hold until 1213.  The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records that "Guy de Thouars" died of leprosy[307].  Duchess Constance & her first husband had two children:

a)         ELEONORE de Bretagne "la Brette" (1184-Corfe Castle, Dorset or Bristol 10 Aug 1241, bur Bristol, St James, transferred to Amesbury convent).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Arturum iuvenum et filiam unam Alienordem" as children of "Gaufridus dux Britannie comes Richemontis filius Henrici regis Anglie natu tertius" & his wife[308].  She is named as daughter of "Galfridi comitis Britanniæ" by Matthew of Paris[309].  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Arturum et…Alienor" as the two children of "Goffridus Henrici Regis filius" and his wife "Constantiam de Brittania"[310].  Her betrothal was agreed as part of the terms for the release of Richard I King of England from the custody of Emperor Heinrich VI in Feb 1194, together with the betrothal of her fiancé's younger brother to the daughter of Isaakios Dukas Komnenos ex-Emperor in Cyprus[311].  The two brides left for Vienna from Normandy in Dec 1194 in the charge of Baudouin de Béthune, but turned back when they learnt of the death of Leopold V Duke of Austria[312].  Eléonore was imprisoned in England by King John, who feared her marriage as she was the rightful heir to the throne of England.  She was therefore unable to succeed her brother as Dss of Brittany.  She was styled Countess of Richmond from 27 May 1208.  The Annales Londonienses record the death "apud Bristowe" in 1241 of "Alienora quondam comitis Britanniæ filia, in custodia diuturni carceris strictissime reservata", commenting that she was the true heir to England[313].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death “IV Id Aug” in 1241 of “Alienora de Britannia consanguinea domini regis Henrici Angliæ”, her burial “in ecclesia Sancti Jacobi Bristollis” and her transfer “circa festum sancti Nicholai VI regia apud Ambresburiam[314]Betrothed (Feb 1194) to FRIEDRICH of Austria, son of LEOPOLD V Duke of Austria & his wife Ilona of Hungary (-Palestine on crusade 16 Apr 1198, bur Heiligenkreuz).  He succeeded his father in 1195 as FRIEDRICH I "der Katolische" Duke of Austria

b)         ARTHUR de Bretagne (posthumously Nantes 29 Mar 1187-murdered Rouen or Cherbourg 3 Apr 1203, bur Notre dame des Prés, Rouen or Abbaye de Bec, Normandy).  Benedict of Peterborough records that "filia sororis regis Scotiæ Willelmi comitissa Brittaniæ" gave birth "in nocte Dominicæ Resurrectionis apud Namnetisis in Britanniam" to "filium…Arturum"[315].  Ralph de Diceto´s Abbreviationes Chronicorum record in 1187 that “Constantia comitissa Britanniæ” gave birth “die Paschæ” to “filium...Arturum[316].  His birth is recorded by Matthew of Paris, who specifies that he was born posthumously but does not give the precise date[317].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Arturum iuvenum et filiam unam Alienordem" as children of "Gaufridus dux Britannie comes Richemontis filius Henrici regis Anglie natu tertius" & his wife[318].  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Arturum et…Alienor" as the two children of "Goffridus Henrici Regis filius" and his wife "Constantiam de Brittania"[319].  He succeeded from birth as ARTHUR I Duke of Brittany.  His uncle Richard I King of England recognised him as his heir in England and in his territories in France.  On Richard's death 6 Apr 1199, Arthur, who was in Brittany, led a force into Anjou and Maine, where he was recognised by the barons as the rightful heir.  He styled himself Duke of Brittany, Comte d'Anjou and Earl of Richmond from 18 Apr 1199.  He did homage to Philippe II "Auguste" King of France but, offended by the latter, fled to his uncle John who received him kindly.  Warned of John's intentions, he escaped to Angers but was captured by the king at Mirebeau and sent to Falaise.  He was murdered on the orders of King John.  The Chronicon Britannicum records that "Arturus Dux Britanniæ" was held captive in 1203 "apud Mirabellum" by his uncle John King of England and murdered[320]Betrothed (11 Nov 1190) to --- of Sicily, daughter of TANCRED di Lecce King of Sicily & his wife Sibilla ---.  Benedict of Peterborough records the betrothal in 1190 of "Arturum ducem Britanniæ" and "unam de filiabus regis Tancredi"[321].  This betrothal was arranged as part of the treaty signed between Richard I King of England and Tancred King of Sicily, concerning the inheritance of Tancred's predecessor Guillaume II King of Sicily whose widow was King Richard's sister[322].  The agreement between “Tancredo...Regi Siciliæ” and “Ricardus...Rex Angliæ...”, dated 1190, includes the betrothal of “Arthurum...ducem Britanniæ...nepotem nostrum et hæredem si forte sin prole nos obire contigerit” and “filiam vestram” [referring to King Tancred][323]Betrothed (Apr 1202) to MARIE de France, daughter of PHILIPPE II "Auguste" King of France & his third wife Agnes von Andechs-Merano (after 1197-15 Aug 1238, bur Louvain, église Saint Pierre).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "filium unum Philippum…et filiam unam Mariam" as children of "Philippus [rex]" and "Mariam filiam ducis Meranie et marchionis Histrie", and in a later passage records their legitimation[324].  The primary source which confirms this betrothal has not yet been identified. 

Duchess Constance & her third husband had two children:

c)         ALIX de Thouars ([1200]-21 Oct 1221, bur 24 Nov 1225 Villeneuve-les-Nantes, Abbaye de Notre-Dame).  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ names "Adelicia" as the daughter of "Constantia filia Conani" and her third husband "Guidoni de Thoarcio", stating that she married "domno Petro Mauclerc"[325].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "unam filiam Mabiliam" as the child of "Constantiam comitis Conani filia" and her [third] husband "Guido frater vicecomitem de Tuart"[326].  A Chronicon Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum names "Alipsam et Catherinam" as the two daughters of "Wido…comes de Thoarcio" and "Constantiam Gaufridi Ducis Britanniæ relictam", stating that Alix married "Petro Comiti Drocarum"[327].  She succeeded her half-brother in 1203 as ALIX Dss of Brittany, Ctss of Richmond.  The marriage contract between "G. de Thoarco comes Britannie...A filia mea quam habeo de comitissa Britannie Constancia" and "Alanus filius comitis...Henricus filius predicti Alani primogenitus" is dated 1209[328].  Her first betrothal is confirmed by the charter dated 1209 under which "Alanus comes, Henrici comitis filius" granted letters of assurance to "domino Andreæ de Vitreio", with the consent of "Henrico filio meo et Alici uxori eius"[329].  The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records that daughter of Guy de Thouars and Constance de Bretagne married "Pierre Mauclerc, fils de Robert comte de Dreux"[330].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death "XII Kal Nov" in 1221 of "Aalis Ducissa Britanniæ"[331]Betrothed (contract Paris 7 Dec 1209, broken) to HENRI d'Avaugour, son of ALAIN de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre & his second wife Adélaïde --- ([1205]-6 Oct 1281, bur Dinan).  He succeeded his father in 1212 as Comte de Penthièvrem ([Mar 1213/Oct 1214]) as his first wife, PIERRE de Dreux, son of ROBERT II Comte de Dreux et de Braine & his second wife Yolande de Coucy ([1187]-at sea off Damietta end-May 1250, bur Braine, église abbatiale de Saint-Ived).   He swore allegiance at Paris 27 Jan 1213 to Philippe II "Auguste" King of France as PIERRE I "Mauclerc" Duke of Brittany.  Comte de Penthièvre by annexation 1214.  Created Earl of Richmond by Henry III King of England 16 Jan 1218/19 (confiscated Nov 1224, restored Oct 1229, confiscated again Jan 1235).  He surrendered the Duchy of Brittany to his son in 1237, after which he called himself PIERRE de Braine.  He accompanied King Louis IX on crusade in 1249 and was captured at Faraskur 6 Apr 1250, after being wounded at the battle of Mansourah.  He died at sea on his way back to western Europe.   

-        DUKES of BRITTANY 1213-1514 (DREUX-CAPET).

d)         CATHERINE de Thouars ([1/5 Sep 1201]-[1237/40]).  A Chronicon Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum names "Alipsam et Catherinam" as the two daughters of "Wido…comes de Thoarcio" and "Constantiam Gaufridi Ducis Britanniæ relictam", stating that Catherine married "Andreæ de Vitreio"[332].  As her mother gave birth to two children during her short third marriage, it is likely that Catherine was born towards the end of her mother’s life, which may have ended in giving birth to Catherine.  The primary source which confirms that this speculation is correct has not been identified.  A charter dated 1212 records the dowry agreed between "Alix filia comitis Britanniæ" and "Andreæ de Vitreio juveni" for the latter´s marriage to "Catherina sorore mea"[333].  A charter dated to [1213] records that “comes Guido Britannie" married "Katherinam filiam suam" to "domine Andree de Vitriaco" with "in maritagium unam partem foreste Redonensis"[334]m (1212) as his first wife, ANDRE [III] Seigneur de Vitré, son of ANDRE [II] Seigneur de Vitré & his second wife Eustache de Rays (-Mansurah 8 Feb 1250). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    DUKES of BRITTANY 1213-1514 (DREUX-CAPET)

 

 

PIERRE de Dreux, son of ROBERT [II] Comte de Dreux et de Braine & his second wife Yolande de Coucy ([1187]-at sea off Damietta end-May 1250, bur Braine, église abbatiale de Saint-Ived).   The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Henricum archiepiscopum Remensem et tres comites, Robertum de Brana, Petrum de Britannia, Iohannem Masticonesem et eorum sorores numero septem" as children of "comiti de Brana Roberto" and his wife Yolande[335].  He swore allegiance at Paris 27 Jan 1213 to Philippe II "Auguste" King of France as PIERRE I "Mauclerc" Duke of Brittany.  Comte de Penthièvre by annexation 1214.  He was created Earl of Richmond by Henry III King of England 16 Jan 1219 (confiscated Nov 1224, restored Oct 1229, confiscated again Jan 1235).  “Johannes comes Matisconensis” names “frater meus P. comes Britannie” in a charter dated Aug 1234[336].  He surrendered the duchy of Brittany to his son in 1237, after which he is sometimes referred to as PIERRE de Braine.  William of Tyre (Continuator) names "Pierre de Drues cuens de Bretaigne" among those who took part in the crusade from France which landed at Acre in 1239[337].  He accompanied King Louis IX on crusade in 1249 and was captured at Faraskur 6 Apr 1250, after being wounded at the battle of Mansurah.  He died at sea on his return to western Europe. 

m firstly ([Mar 1213/Oct 1214]) ALIX de Thouars Dss of Brittany, daughter of GUY de Thouars & his second wife Constance Dss of Brittany ([1200]-21 Oct 1221, bur 24 Nov 1225 Villeneuve-les-Nantes, Abbaye de Notre-Dame).  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ names "Adelicia" as the daughter of "Constantia filia Conani" and her third husband "Guidoni de Thoarcio", stating that she married "domno Petro Mauclerc"[338].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "unam filiam Mabiliam" as the child of "Constantiam comitis Conani filia" and her [third] husband "Guido frater vicecomitem de Tuart"[339].  The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records that daughter of Guy de Thouars and Constance de Bretagne married "Pierre Mauclerc, fils de Robert comte de Dreux"[340].  A Chronicon Comitum Pictaviæ et Aquitaniæ Ducum names "Alipsam et Catherinam" as the two daughters of "Wido…comes de Thoarcio" and "Constantiam Gaufridi Ducis Britanniæ relictam", stating that Alix married "Petro Comiti Drocarum"[341].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death "XII Kal Nov" in 1221 of "Aalis Ducissa Britanniæ"[342]

Betrothed (before 21 Jul 1229) to [MARIE] de Lusignan, daughter of HUGUES I King of Cyprus & his wife Alix of Jerusalem Ctss of Jaffa ([before 1215]-[1251/53]).  A Papal prohibition on the marriage between "comes Britannie" and "filiam reginam Cypri", by reason of 4o consanguinity, is dated at Pérouse 21 Jul 1229[343].  It is not known which daughter was betrothed to the Duke of Brittany, but it is a reasonable assumption that it was Marie who was the older of the queen’s two daughters. 

m secondly ([1230]) NICOLE, daughter of --- (-Feb 1232, bur Villeneuve-les-Nantes, Abbaye de Notre-Dame).  Her marriage is confirmed by an epitaph at Villeneuve which records the burial of "Nicolle, la mère monsour Olivier de Machecou"[344], read together with the charter dated 10 Mar 1258 under which "Jehan duc de Bretaigne conte de Richemont" confirmed an agreement between "Morice de Belle Ville, par raison de Jehanne sa femme, dame de la Roche sur Yon et de Luçon" and "Olivier nostre frère" concerning "la terre de Machecoul et de Saint Philbert"[345]

m thirdly (before Jan 1236) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Montaigu Dame de Montaigu et de La Garnache[-en-Poitou], widow of HUGUES de Thouars Seigneur de Montaigu, daughter of [BRIENT [I] Seigneur de Montaigu & his wife Agathe ---] ([1188/90]-after 27 Nov 1241).  "Petrus dux Britanie, comes Richemundie, dominus Gasnapie et Margarita uxor eius" confirmed donations to the abbey Blanche de Noirmoutier by charter dated 1236[346].  The difficulties connected with identifying Marguerite´s correct parentage are discussed by Blanchard, who concludes that she was probably the daughter of Brient [I] Seigneur de Montaigu[347].  He also cites various sources which confirm her first marriage.  "Margarita uxor…Petri de Brana, Montis Acuti et Gasnapie domina" confirmed the same donations to the abbey Blanche de Noirmoutier by charter dated 1239[348].  "Margarita domina Gasnapie, Montis Acuti et Machecolii" confirmed the donation of a marsh made to Buzay by "le curé de Bouin" by charter dated Jul 1239[349].  "Margarita Montis Acuti et Guasnapiæ domina et hæres" donated property to the abbey of Geneston, with the consent of "viro nostro Petro de Brana", by charter dated 27 Nov 1241[350]

Duke Pierre I & his first wife had three children:

1.         JEAN de Bretagne ([1217/18]-Château de l'Isle, Férel, Morbihan 8 Oct 1286, bur Prières, église abbatiale de Notre Dame).  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the birth in 1217 of "Johannes filius Petri Comitis et Aelidis Comitissæ Britanniæ"[351].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the birth in 1218 of "Johannes, filius Petri Ducis Britanniæ"[352].  He succeeded on the abdication of his father in 1237 as JEAN I "le Roux" Duke of Brittany.   

-        see below

2.         YOLANDE de Bretagne (in Brittany end 1218-château de Bouteville 10 Oct 1272, bur Villeneuve-les-Nantes, église abbatiale de Notre Dame).  A letter of King Henry III dated 19 Oct 1226 confirms his betrothal to "Jolentam filiam Petri ducis Brittanniæ et comitis Richemundiæ"[353].  The Chronicon Turonense records the betrothal of "Rex Franciæ Joannem fratrem suum, puerum octennem" and "filiæ Petri Comitis Britanniæ", and the grant of the county of Anjou to him[354].  The marriage contract between “P. dux Britannie, comes Richemondie…Yolendi filie mee” and “Ludovicus, rex Francorum…Johannem fratrem suum” is dated 27 Mar [1226/27][355].  The Annals of Dunstable record the betrothal of “filiam comitis Britanniæ” and “rex Franciæ…fratri suo minori”, who received the county of Anjou, in 1227[356].  Her betrothal to Thibaut IV Comte de Champagne is confirmed by a letter from King Louis IX to Comte Thibaut, dated 1229, which states that the king had “entendu que vous avez convenancé et promis à prendre à femme la fille du Comte Pierre de Bretaigne” and forbade him from proceeding, adding “la raison pourquoi vous savez bien” (without providing any further explanation)[357].  The 1229 date (cited by Lobineau) is presumably incorrect, assuming that the date of death of Comte Thibaut´s second wife is correctly reported as 11 Jul 1231 as shown above.  This suggested redating is confirmed by a letter from Pope Gregory IX to the archbishop of Bourges dated 24 Apr 1232 stating that “Campaniæ et Britanniæ comites” intended to arrange a marriage alliance prohibited by the degrees of consanguinity and forbidding the arrangement[358]Dame de la Fère-en-Tardenois, de Chailly et de Longjumeau.  Ctss de Penthièvre 1236, as her dowry.  The Chronicon Britannicum records in 1236 that "Penthevria excepto Jugonio" was granted to “Hugoni filio comitis de Marchia” with “filia Petri comitis totius Britanniæ[359].  Ctss de Porhoët, by grant of her brother.  "Hugo Lebrun, filius comitis Marchie primogenitus, et dominus Lambalie et Hyolandis uxor sua" noted the end of the excommunication of "Guidonem de Argenteio dominum de Plancoit" in a charter dated 1246[360].  "Hugo Brunus comes Engolisme et domina Hiolendis uxor eius heres et domina Penthevrie" confirmed the donation to Lamballe made by “domini P. quondam ducis Britannie genitoris predicte Hiolendis uxoris nostre...domine Ælidis ducisse Britannie et comitisse Richem. genitricis predicte Hiolendis” by charter dated Jul 1247[361].  Regent of La Marche and Angoulême 1250-1256.  Betrothed (before 19 Oct 1226) to HENRY III King of England, son of JOHN King of England & his second wife Isabelle Ctss d'Angoulême (Winchester Castle 1 Oct 1207-Palace of Westminster 16 Nov 1272, bur Westminster Abbey).  Betrothed (Mar 1227) to JEAN de France Comte d'Anjou et du Maine, son of LOUIS VIII King of France & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Castilla (Sep 1219-1232, bur Notre-Dame de Poissy).  [362]Betrothed ([1231], terminated) to THIBAUT IV Comte de Champagne, son of THIBAUT III Comte de Champagne & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Navarra (Pamplona 3 May 1201-Pamplona 8 Jul 1253, bur Pamplona).  m (Jan 1236) HUGUES [XII] de Lusignan, son of HUGUES [XI] de Lusignan Comte de la Marche et d'Angoulême & his wife Isabelle Ctss d'Angoulême ([1221]-Damietta Apr 1250, bur Abbaye de la Couronne, Charente).  He succeeded his father in 1250 as Sire de Lusignan, Comte de la Marche et d'Angoulême

3.         ARTHUR de Bretagne ([1220]-shortly after 1223).  Lobineau records the birth in 1220 of “un second fils...Artur” but cites no primary source on which he bases this date[363].  The Chronicon Turonense records the betrothal in 1223 of "Arturo puero, filio Comitis Britanniæ" and "Amorricus de Credone, senescallus Andegaviæ, filiam unicam"[364]Betrothed to JEANNE de Craon, daughter of AMAURY [I] Sire de Craon & his wife Jeanne des Roches.  The Chronicon Turonense records the betrothal in 1223 of "Arturo puero, filio Comitis Britanniæ" and "Amorricus de Credone, senescallus Andegaviæ, filiam unicam"[365]

Duke Pierre & his second wife had one child:

4.         OLIVIER [I] de Braine dit de Machecoul ([1231/32]-1279, bur Villeneuve-lez-Nantes).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 10 Mar 1258 under which "Jehan duc de Bretaigne conte de Richemont" confirmed an agreement between "Morice de Belle Ville, par raison de Jehanne sa femme, dame de la Roche sur Yon et de Luçon" and "Olivier nostre frère" concerning "la terre de Machecoul et de Saint Philbert"[366].  The identity of his mother is confirmed by an epitaph at Villeneuve which records the burial of "Nicolle, la mère monsour Olivier de Machecou"[367].  [Seigneur de Machecoul.] 

-        SEIGNEURS de MACHECOUL

 

 

JEAN de Bretagne, son of PIERRE I Duke of Brittany & his first wife Alix de Thouars Dss of Brittany ([1217/18]-Château de l'Isle, Férel, Morbihan 8 Oct 1286, bur Prières, église abbatiale de Notre Dame).  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the birth in 1217 of "Johannes filius Petri Comitis et Aelidis Comitissæ Britanniæ"[368].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the birth in 1218 of "Johannes, filius Petri Ducis Britanniæ"[369].  On his marriage his father-in-law declared Jean as his heir in Navarre, even if he subsequently had a male heir.  After his majority, his father resigned the duchy and Jean swore allegiance to Louis IX King of France in Paris 16 Nov 1237 as JEAN I "le Roux" Duke of Brittany, Seigneur de Pontarcy, de Brie-Comte-Robert et de la Fère-en-Tardenois.  Seigneur de Muzillac [1250].  He renounced his rights to Navarre for an annuity of 3,000 livres, by agreement 1254.  Châtelain de Dinan 1264-1265.  Seigneur de Hédé, de Hennedon-le-Viel, de Léon et de la Roche-Derrien 1265.  Vicomte de Gourin [1265].  Henry III King of England restored him as Earl of Richmond at Woodstock 15 Jul 1268, but he immediately surrendered the earldom to his son.  He accompanied Louis IX King of France on his second Crusade in 1270.  Comte de Penthièvre, Seigneur de Lavaux 1272.  Comte de Léon 1276.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death "Id Oct" 1286 of “Joannes comes Britanniæ fundator abbatiæ de Precibus” and the succession of “Joannes filius eius[370]

m (contract Château-Thierry, Aisne 16 Jan 1236) Infanta doña BLANCA de Navarra, daughter of TEOBALDO I King of Navarre [THIBAUT IV Comte de Champagne] & his second wife Agnès de Beaujeu (1226-château de Hédé, Ille-et-Vilaine 11/12 Aug 1283, bur Hennebont, Morbihan, Abbaye cistercienne de Notre dame de la Joie).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "Agnes comitissa Campanie" left an only daughter but does not name her[371].  The marriage contract between “P. dux Britannie comes Richerimontis…Johanni de Britannia filio nostro” and “Theobaldus…rex Navarre, Campanie et Brie comes palatinus…filiam suam domiscellam Blancham” is dated 16 Jan 1236[372].  She founded the Abbaye de la Joie near Hennebont [1270], where she was later buried.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death "pridie Id Aug" 1273 (presumably error for 1283) of “domina Blancha ducissa Britanniæ” and her burial “apud Henbond[373].  The necrology of the Abbaye des Clairets records the death "IV Id Sep" of "Blancha comitissa Britannie"[374]

Duke Jean I & his wife had eight children: 

1.         JEAN de Bretagne (3/4 Jan 1239-Lyon 16 Nov 1305, bur Ploërmel, Morbihan, église Notre dame du couvent des Carmes).  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the birth "die martis infra octabas Sanctorum Innocentium" in 1239 of "Johannes primogenitus Johannis comitis Britannie"[375].  He succeeded his father in 1286 as JEAN II Duke of Brittany.   

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2.         PIERRE de Bretagne (Châteaulin, Finistère 2 Apr 1241-Paris 19 Oct 1268, bur Paris, église des Cordeliers).  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the birth "die Martis post Resurrectionem Domini…apud castrum Lini" in 1241 of "Petrus secundus filius Iohannis Comitis Britanniæ"[376]Seigneur de Dinan, de Léon, de Hédé, de Hennebont et de la Roche-Derrien.  He bought from Alain d'Avaugour Seigneur de Mayenne in 1264 all the latter's possessions in Brittany.  Betrothed (Papal dispensation 6 Aug 1266[377]) to MARGUERITE de Flandre, daughter of GUY Count of Flanders & his first wife Mathilde de Béthune ([1251]-3 Jul 1285). 

3.         ALIX de Bretagne (Château de Sucinio, Sarzeau, Morbihan 6 Jun 1243-2 Aug 1288, bur Abbaye de Laguiche, Coulanges, Loir-et-Cher).  Dame de Pontarcy et de Brie-Comte-Robert, as her dowry.  She founded the abbey of Laguiche near Blois in 1277, where she was later buried.  She visited Palestine in 1287, erecting a monument to Ptolemy in Syria.  A charter dated Jan 1295 records that “Johannis comitis Britannie” and “Hugonis de Castellione comitis Blesen.” agreed a division of territories following the deaths of “la contesse Jehane de Blois...sans hoir [...et du conte Pierre d´Alençon son mary]...du conte Jehan de Bloys et de la contesse Aaliz notre seur sa femme[378]m (contract 11 Dec 1254) JEAN [I] de Châtillon Comte de Blois, de Chartres et de Dunois, son of HUGUES Seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Marne Comte de Saint-Pol et de Blois & his second wife Marie d'Avesnes Ctss de Blois (-28 Jun 1279, bur Abbaye de Laguiche, Coulanges, Loir-et-Cher).

4.         THIBAUT de Bretagne (23 Jul 1245-23 Oct 1246, bur Rhuys, Morbihan, église abbatiale de Saint Gildas).  Lobineau records the children of Duke Jean I and his wife “Thibaud [naquit] le 23 Jul 1245 et mourut le 23 Oct de l´année suivante, il fut enterré à S. Gildas de Ruis...” but gives no indication of the primary sources on which he bases this information[379].  His tomb exists in the church[380]

5.         THIBAUT de Bretagne (9 Nov 1247-young, bur Rhuys, Morbihan, église abbatiale de Saint Gildas).  Lobineau records the children of Duke Jean I and his wife “...un autre Thibaud naquit le 9 Nov 1247...” but gives no indication of the primary sources on which he bases this information[381].  His tomb exists in the church[382]

6.         ELEONORE de Bretagne (end 1248-young, bur Rhuys, Morbihan, église abbatiale de Saint Gildas).  Lobineau records the children of Duke Jean I and his wife “...Alienor née en 1248, mourut peu de tems après et fut enterrée avec son frere Thibaud à S. Gildas de Ruis...” but gives no indication of the primary sources on which he bases this information[383].  Her tomb exists in the church[384]

7.         NICOLAS de Bretagne (8 Dec 1249-14 Aug 1251, bur Rhuys, Morbihan, église abbatiale de Saint Gildas).  Lobineau records the children of Duke Jean I and his wife “...Nicolas né le 8 Dec 1249, fut tenu sur les fonds par S. Louis et mourut en 1241 le 14 Aug...” but gives no indication of the primary sources on which he bases this information[385].  His tomb exists in the church[386]

8.         ROBERT de Bretagne (6 Mar 1251-4 Feb 1259, bur Nantes, église du couvent des Cordeliers).  Lobineau records the children of Duke Jean I and his wife “...Robert né le 6 Mar 1251, mourut le 10 Feb 1259 et fut enterré dans l´Eglise des Cordeliers de Nantes dans le Chœur” but gives no indication of the primary sources on which he bases this information[387].  The necrology of Nantes Cordeliers records the death "IV Id Feb" 1259 of Robert son of Jean Duke of Brittany, his burial being recorded in the epitaph on his tomb there[388]

 

 

JEAN de Bretagne, son of JEAN I Duke of Brittany & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Navarra [Champagne] (3/4 Jan 1239-Lyon 16 Nov 1305, bur Ploërmel, Morbihan, église Notre dame du couvent des Carmes).  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the birth "die martis infra octabas Sanctorum Innocentium" in 1239 of "Johannes primogenitus Johannis comitis Britannie"[389].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the birth in 1240 of "Iohannes primogenitus Iohannis Comitis Britanniæ"[390].  Earl of Richmond 1268, when his father resigned the earldom.  He accompanied his father and Louis IX King of France on the Crusade in 1270.  William of Tyre (Continuation) records the arrival in Palestine of "Johan filz le conte de Bretaigne" 14 Sep 1272[391].  He succeeded his father in 1286 as JEAN II Duke of Brittany: the Chronicon Britannicum records the death "Id Oct" 1286 of “Joannes comes Britanniæ fundator abbatiæ de Precibus” and the succession of “Joannes filius eius[392].  He received Papal recognition 1 Sep 1288.  Philippe IV King of France confirmed his title of duke of Brittany, pair de France at Courtrai Sep 1297[393].  King Edward I of England confiscated his English possessions in 1296, for supporting the French, but they were restored to him 1 May 1304.  He was killed by a falling wall, while leading the Pope's horse during the consecration of Pope Clement V.  The testament of "Jehan Duc de Bretaigne Comte de Richemond", dated Jul 1304, bequeathed property to “Artur mon ainzné filz...Jean de Bretaigne mon filz...Alienor de Bretaigne ma fille nonain de Fontevrault...[394].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death “in Lugduno” 1305 of “Joannes dux Britanniæ” and the succession of “Arturus eius filius[395]

m (contract 13 Oct 1260, église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint Denis Nov 1260, Westminster Abbey [25 Dec] 1260) BEATRIX of England, daughter of HENRY III King of England & his wife Eléonore de Provence (Bordeaux 25 Jun 1242-London 24 Mar 1275, maybe bur Reading Abbey, transferred to Greyfriars Church, Newgate, London).  The Annales Londonienses record the marriage in 1260 of "Johannes filius comitis Britanniæ" and "Beatricem filiam regis Angliæ"[396].  The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records the marriage “apud Westmonasterium” in 1259 of “Johannem filium et hæredum comitis Britanniæ” and “Beatriciam filiam regis[397].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the death in 1275 of "Margareta regina Scotie et Beatrix comitissa Britanniæ, filiæ Henrici"[398]

Duke Jean II & his wife had six children:

1.         ARTHUR de Bretagne (25 Jul 1262-Château de l'Isle 1312, bur Vannes).  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the birth "VIII Kal Aug" in 1262 of "Arturus primogenitus Iohannis Ducis Britanniæ ex Beatrice filia Regis Angliæ"[399].  He succeeded his father 1305 as ARTHUR II Duke of Brittany

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2.         JEAN de Bretagne ([1266]-in Scotland 17 Jan 1334, bur Nantes, église des Franciscains).  Lobineau states that Jean, second son of Duke Jean II, was born in 1266 but gives no indication of the primary source on which he bases this information[400].  Appointed Lieutenant of Aquitaine 1294, and Captain of the English forces there, removed Oct 1295.  The testament of "Jehan Duc de Bretaigne Comte de Richemond", dated Jul 1304, bequeathed property to “Artur mon ainzné filz...Jean de Bretaigne mon filz...Alienor de Bretaigne ma fille nonain de Fontevrault...[401].  He was summoned to the English Parliament 24 May and 13 Jul 1305, whereby he is held to have become Lord Brittany[402].  He was appointed Guardian of Scotland 15 Oct 1305.  He was created Earl of Richmond by grant of Edward I King of England 15 Oct 1306[403].  He served the kings of England until his death.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death “XVII Jan” 1333 of “nobilis princeps dominus Johannes de Britannia quondam comes Richemondiæ” and his burial “in domo Fratrum Minorum Nann.[404].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 13 Feb 1334, following the death of "John de Britannia Earl of Richemund", record “heir unknown because the said earl was born in foreign parts and was never married” when listing his numerous properties in England[405]

3.         MARIE de Bretagne (1268-5 May 1339, bur Abbaye de Cercamp).  The marriage contract between “Jehan Duc de Bretagne Conte de Richemont...Damoiselle Marie fille dud. Duc de Bretagne” and “Hues de Chastillon Conte de Blois Sires de Avenes…Guy nostre…frere” is dated 22 Jul 1292[406].  Heiress of Clermont.  Dame d'Elincourt et d'Arleux 1317.  m (22 Jul 1292) GUY [III] de Châtillon Comte de Saint-Pol, son of GUY [II] de Châtillon Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife Beatrix de Brabant (-6 Apr 1317). 

4.         PIERRE de Bretagne (1269-Jul 1312, bur Paris, église des Cordeliers).  Vicomte de Léon until 1293.  A charter dated Oct 1293 records that “Petrum de Britannia filium suum” transferred “Leonie...vicecomitatum” to “Johannes comes Britannie[407].  Kerrebrouck records that Pierre died in 1312 from a wound received in his leg from a horse´s kick and was buried “en l´église des Cordeliers de Paris” but does not cite the corresponding primary sources[408]

5.         BLANCHE de Bretagne (1270-Château du Bois-de-Vincennes 19 Mar 1327, bur Paris église des Jacobins)The Gesta Philippi Tertia Francorum Regis of Guillaume de Nangis records that "comes Attrebati Robertus...[filium] Philippum" married "filiam Johannis comitis Britanniæ Blancham, neptem Edoardi regis Angliæ"[409]Dame de Brie-Comte-Robert.  Philippe IV King of France granted revenue to "consanguinea nostra Blancha...J. ducis Britannie filia" for “Margarete filie sue...Ludovici comitis Ebroicensis germani nostri...uxori...maritagii” by charter dated Jul 1303[410].  Dame de Neuvy et de Pandy 1304.  m (after Nov 1281) PHILIPPE d'Artois Seigneur de Conches, son of ROBERT II "le Bon/le Noble" Comte d'Artois [Capet] & his first wife Amicie de Courtenay (1269-near Furnes 11 Sep 1298, bur Paris, église des Jacobins).  

6.         ALIENOR de Bretagne (in England 1275-Fontevrault 16 May 1342, bur Fontevrault).  A manuscript Memorandum records the donation of “Manerio de Chadelworth” in Berkshire by “domina Alianora regina Angliæ, mater regis”, and names “Alianora de Britan. filia domini Johannis ducis Britan.” as a nun at Amesbury[411].  Nun at Fontevrault [1291].  The testament of "Jehan Duc de Bretaigne Comte de Richemond", dated Jul 1304, bequeathed property to “Artur mon ainzné filz...Jean de Bretaigne mon filz...Alienor de Bretaigne ma fille nonain de Fontevrault...[412].  Abbess of Fontevrault 1304. 

 

 

ARTHUR de Bretagne, son of JEAN II Duke of Brittany & his wife Beatrix of England (25 Jul 1262-Château de l'Isle 1312, bur Vannes).  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the birth "VIII Kal Aug" in 1262 of "Arturus primogenitus Iohannis Ducis Britanniæ ex Beatrice filia Regis Angliæ"[413].  Vicomte de Limoges 1275-1301, in right of his first wife.  Earl of Richmond 1286.  Vicomte de Léon 1293.  The testament of "Jehan Duc de Bretaigne Comte de Richemond", dated Jul 1304, bequeathed property to “Artur mon ainzné filz...Jean de Bretaigne mon filz...Alienor de Bretaigne ma fille nonain de Fontevrault...[414].  He succeeded his father in 1305 as ARTHUR II Duke of Brittany, pair de France, Comte de Penthièvre: the Chronicon Britannicum records the death “in Lugduno” 1305 of “Joannes dux Britanniæ” and the succession of “Arturus eius filius[415].  Comte de Montfort-l'Amaury 1311, in right of his second wife.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death “Kal Aug” 1312 of “Arturus dux Britanniæ” and his burial “in ecclesia fratrum minorum Venetensium[416]

m firstly (Betrothed 17 Jun 1273, Papal dispensation 24 Nov 1275, Tours 1277) MARIE Vicomtesse de Limoges, daughter and heiress of GUY IV Vicomte de Limoges & his wife Marguerite de Bourgogne (1260-1292).  A charter dated 17 Jun 1273 records the obligation of "Jahan duc de Bretangne" to pay "la vicontaisse de Limoges" for the marriage of "Artur nostre nevou" and "Marie la fille à ladite vicontesse"[417].  An anonymous Chronicon of Saint-Marcial records the marriage in 1275 of "Arturus filius comitis Britannie" and "Mariam filiam vicecomitisse Lemovicensis" at Tours[418]The Majus Chronicon Lemovicense records the marriage "in crastinum beatæ Mariæ Magdalenæ" in 1275 of "Maria heres vicecomitatus Lemovicensis, neptis ducis Burgundiæ" and "Arturo herede Britanniæ, nepote regis Angliæ"[419]

m secondly ([May 1292]) as her second husband, YOLANDE de Dreux, widow of ALEXANDER III “the Glorious” King of Scotland, daughter of ROBERT IV Comte de Dreux et de Braine ([1269]-24 Aug 1322).  John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the betrothal "post festum Purificationis beatæ Mariæ virginis" of "rex Alexander" and "Joletam sive Jolandam…filiam…comitis de Droco sive Droys", dated to [1284/85] from the context, and in a later passage their marriage "die S. Calixti" in 1285[420].  Ctss de Montfort-l'Amaury 1311.  "Jehan Duc de Bret." and “Yoland de Dreux duchesse de Bretaigne femme jadis Artur Duc de Bretaigne pere doudit Jehan” reached agreement on her dower by charter dated Apr 1312[421].  The necrology of Port-Royal records the death "IV Non Aug" of "dame Yoland, royne d'Escosse, duchesse de Bretaigne et contesse de Montfort"[422]

Duke Arthur II & his first wife had three children:

1.         JEAN de Bretagne (château de Champtoceaux, Maine-et-Loire 8 Mar 1286-Caen 30 Apr 1341, bur Ploërmel, église Notre dame du couvent des Carmélites).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the birth "die veneris ante festum B. Gregorii" 1285 (presumably O.S.) of “Joannes primogenitus filius Arturi[423].  He succeeded his mother in 1291 as Vicomte de Limoges, until 1314, and again 1328-1341.  He succeeded his father in 1312 as JEAN III "le Bon" Duke of Brittany, pair de France.  Comte de Penthièvre 1312-1317.  Earl of Richmond 1334, by grant of Edward III King of England, following his uncle's death.  He supported his third wife's claim to the county of Savoy.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death 30 Apr 1341 of “Johannes dux Britanniæ” who had founded “capellam SS. Donationi et Rogatiani prope muros civitatis Nannetensis[424]m firstly (18 Feb 1298) ISABELLE de Valois, daughter of CHARLES de France Comte de Valois & his first wife Marguerite of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] (1292-1309).  The marriage contract between “Charles filz de Roy de France comte de Valois, d´Alençon, de Chartres et d´Anjou et Marguerite sa femme comtesse...Isabeau nostre premiere et ainsnée fille” and “Jehan Duc de Bretaigne comte de Richemont...filz ainsné Artur de Bretaigne ainsné filz de nous dit Duc” dated 18 Feb 1297 (O.S.)[425]m secondly (dispensation 21 Jun 1310, Burgos 1310) as her second husband, Infanta doña ISABEL de Castilla y León, separated wife of don JAIME II King of Aragon, daughter of SANCHO IV King of Castile and León & his wife doña María de Molina (1283-24 Jul 1328, bur Abbaye de Notre-Dame de Prière).  The Papal dispensation for the marriage of "Johanni primogenito...Arturi ducs Britanniæ vicecomitis Lemovicensis" and “Isabellæ natæ claræ memoriæ Sancii Castellæ regis”, dated 21 Jun 1310, records her 3o consanguinity with “Isabellis nata...filii...Caroli nati...Philippi regis Francorum prior uxor tua[426].  Vicomtesse de Limoges 1312-1314, and again 1317-1328.  "Johannes ducis Britannie primogenitus vicecomes Lemovicensis" granted “vicecomitatum Lemovicensem” to “Ysabellam...Sancii quondam regis Castelle et Legionis filiam” by charter dated Mar 1312[427]m thirdly (Papal dispensation 10 Aug 1329, église Notre Dame, Chartres 21 Mar 1330) JEANNE de Savoie, daughter of EDOUARD Comte de Savoie & his wife Blanche de Bourgogne [Capet] ([1310]-Château du Bois de Vincennes 29 Jun 1344, bur Dijon, église des Cordeliers).  She claimed the succession to the county of Savoy on the death of her father but ceded her rights to her uncle Comte Aimon at Vincennes 29 Nov 1329.  Vicomtesse de Limoges, as her dower, on her marriage in 1330.  She renewed her claim to Savoy after her marriage, and allied herself with the Dauphin de Viennois against her uncle.  By agreement 22 Nov 1339, she renounced her rights of succession in Savoy in return for an annual income of 6,000 livres.  The testament of "Gioanna di Savoia Duchessa di Bretagna, e Vicontessa di Limoges figlia unica del Conte Odoardo di Savoia" dated 21 Jun 1344 chooses burial "nella Chiesa de P. P. Minori de Dyon…ove resta sepolta sua Madre", appoints "Filippo figlio del Re di Francia di Lei Cugino" as her heir, in particular to the county of Savoy, and in default "Carlo di Francia Duca di Normandia, e di Filippo Duca di Borgogna"[428]Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Duke Jean's mistress is not known.  Duke Jean III had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):

a)         JEAN bâtard de Bretagne (-after Dec 1334).  Seigneur de Trouchatiau.  Jehan Duc de Bretaigne Comte de Richemont Vicomte de Limoge” granted “le chastel assiz en la paroisse de Cleguer...led. chastiau de Trouchatiau” to “Jehan le Bastart nostr fils” by charter dated Dec 1334[429].

2.         GUY de Bretagne (1287-Nigeon near Paris 27 Mar 1331, bur Guingamp église des Cordeliers).  "Johannem ducem Britannie" granted property “ex successione...defuncte Marie quondam genitricis eorum in Lemovicino et Petragoricino” to “Guidonem fratrem eius” by charter dated Mar 1313[430]Vicomte de Limoges 1314-1317.  Comte de Penthièvre 1317.  Comte de Goelo, Seigneur d'Avaugour, de Chatel-Audrey et de l'Aigle 1318.  m firstly (1318) JEANNE d'Avaugour Ctss de Goello dame d'Avaugour, daughter and heiress of HENRI [IV] Seigneur d'Avaugour & his wife Jeanne d'Harcourt dame de Laigle (-28 Jul or 30 Aug 1327, bur Guingamp église des Cordeliers).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated [Mar] 1338 under which “Monsieur Hervé de Leon” and “Marguerite d´Avaugour sa femme fille de feu monsieur Henri d´Avaugour” claimed part of her father´s succession from [her daughter] “la Dame de Penthievre hoir principal audit sire d´Avaugour [...Charles de Blaes seignor de Penthevre et damiselle Jahanne sa fame Dame de Penthevre[431].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1327 of “domina Johanna de Avalgoria consors domini Guidonis comitis Penthevriæ” and her burial “in habitu S. Claræ ante majus altare[432].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "III Kal Sep" of "domine Johanne d´Avalgor, uxoris domini Guidonis de Britannia"[433]m secondly (Papal annulment 10 Feb 1330) as her second husband, JEANNE de Belleville, widow of GEOFFROY [VIII] Seigneur de Châteaubriand, daughter of MAURICE de Montaigu Seigneur de Belleville-sur-Vie & his wife Letice de Parthenay (-before 30 Dec 1359).  She married thirdly as his second wife Oliver de Clisson.  “Jehanne dame de Cliçon et de Belleville” confirmed receipt of payment from “Macé --- nostre chastelain de Chasteaum---” by charter dated 18 Oct 1342[434].  She married fourthly Walter de Bentele.  Edward III King of England confirmed “loca de Beauvoir, Ampant, la Barre, la Baye et de Castel-Noef” to “Walterus de Bentele...ac...Johannæ tunc uxoris eius dominæ de Bella-villa et de Clizon”, and “Oliverius dominus de Clizon” requested rights over properties “tam prædictus Walterus quam præfata Johanna mater eiusdem Oliverii cujus hæres...est”, by charter dated 30 Dec 1359[435].  Comte Guy & his first wife had one child: 

a)         JEANNE de Bretagne (1319-Guingamp 10 Sep 1384, bur Guingamp église des Cordeliers)Dame d'Avaugour, de Mayenne, de Chatel-Audrey et de l'Aigle 1327, confirmed 1331.  Ctss de Goello et de Penthièvre 1331.  Edward III King of England appointed “Willielmi d´Aubeneye militis et Joannis Caupegorge” as proxies to negotiate the marriage between “Joannem comitem Cornubiæ fratrem nostrum” and “Johannam filiam Guidonis de Britannia neptem et hæredem [Johanne Duce Britanniæ consanguineo nostro]” by charter dated 31 Dec 1335[436].  She succeeded in 1341 as JEANNE "la Boiteuse" Dss of Brittany, until 1364.  Vicomtesse de Limoges 1341-1369.  She renounced her rights by the Treaty of Guérande 1365, ending the Breton wars.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1384 of “domina Johanna filia D. Guidonis de Britannia Penthevriæ comitiis, Johannæque de Avalgorio...ducissa Britanniæ uxor bonæ memoriæ Caroli de Blesis[437].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "IV Id Sep" in 1384 of "domine Johanne ducisse Britannie, uxoris bone memorie Caroli domini du Plexeix"[438]m (Paris 4 Jun 1337) CHARLES de Blois-Châtillon, son of GUY [I] de Châtillon Comte de Blois et de Dunois & his wife Marguerite de Valois (1319-killed in battle near Auray 29 Sep 1364, bur Guingamp église des Cordeliers).  He succeeded in 1341 as CHARLES Duke of Brittany, Comte de Penthièvre, Seigneur de Guise, by right of his wife. 

Guy had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

b)         THOMAS bâtard de Bretagne (-after 21 Jun 1349).  Cleric in the diocesis of Vannes, he received a dispensation of legitimacy dated 21 Jun 1349[439]

3.         PIERRE de Bretagne ([1289]-).  Lobineau states that Pierre, son of Duke Arthur II and his first wife, was born in 1289 but gives no indication of the primary source on which he bases this information[440]

Duke Arthur II & his second wife had six children:

4.         JEAN de Bretagne (1293-Château d'Hennebont 26 Sep 1345, bur Quimperlé, église de la Sainte-Croix, later transferred to the couvent des Jacobins).  "Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[441].  He succeeded in 1341 as JEAN IV Duke of Brittany

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5.         BEATRIX de Bretagne (7 Dec 1295-9 Dec 1384, bur Abbaye de Clermont near Laval).  "Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[442].  Dame de Hédé.  m (2 Mar 1315) GUY [IX] de Laval, son of GUY [VIII] de Laval Sire de Laval et de Vitré & his wife Beatrix Dame de Gavre (-killed in battle la Roche-Derrien 18 Jun 1347).  He succeeded in 1333 as Sire de Laval et de Vitré

6.         JEANNE de Bretagne (1296-Ypern 24 Mar 1364)"Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[443].  Pope John XXII granted dispensation for the marriage between “Roberto de Flandria quondam Roberti comitis Flandrie filio” and “Johanne nate quondam Arturi ducis Britanie” for 4o consanguinity, dated 22 Nov 1322[444].  Dame de Nogent-le-Rotrou.  "Domina Johanna de Britannia domina de Casleto, dicti domini…relicta" founded an anniversary for "dominus Robertus de Flandria dominus quondam de Casleto" at Warneton abbey by charter dated 1333[445]m (Papal dispensation 22 Nov 1322, St Germain-des-Prés 21 Sep 1323) ROBERT de Flandre Seigneur de Cassel, Comte de Marle, son of ROBERT III "de Béthune" Count of Flanders & his second wife Yolande de Bourgogne [Capet] Ctss de Nevers (-Warneton 26 May 1331). 

7.         ALIX de Bretagne (1298-Montoire-en-Vendômois May 1377, bur Mans église des Jacobins).  "Yolent Duchesse de Bretaigne Contesse de Montfort, Jehan de Bretaigne fil, damoiselles Jehanne, Beatrix et Aelis filles feu Artur Duc de Bretaigne et de lad. Duchesse, Bouchart Conte de Vandosme, Jehan de Vandosme son frere, Bouchart de Vendosme Seigneur de Bonneval et Thibaut de Danisy Seigneur de Boolon" were present at the marriage contract between “led. Conte de Vendosme” and “lad. damoiselle Aelis”, dated Aug 1320[446]m (Rondechanier-sous-Montfort Aug 1320) BOUCHARD VI Comte de Vendôme, son of JEAN V Comte de Vendôme & his wife Eléonore de Montfort-l'Amaury (-26 Feb 1353, bur Vendôme église St Georges). 

8.         BLANCHE de Bretagne (18 Jul 1300-young).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the birth “in festo Arnulfi...xviii mensis Jul” 1300 of “Blanchia filia domini Arturi ducis Britanniæ et Yollandis uxoris suæ quondam reginæ Scotiæ[447]

9.         MARIE de Bretagne (1302-[Poissy] 24 May 1371, bur Poissy).  Revenue was granted to “Yolent duchesse de Bretagne comtesse de Montfort...Artur jadis duc de Bretagne...Marie fille des devant ditz duc et duchesse” by charter dated 7 Feb 1323[448].  Nun at Poissy 1323. 

 

 

JEAN de Bretagne, son of ARTHUR II Duke of Brittany & his second wife Yolande de Dreux Ctss de Montfort l'Amaury (1293-Château d'Hennebont 26 Sep 1345, bur Quimperlé, église de la Sainte-Croix, later transferred to the couvent des Jacobins).  He succeeded his mother in 1322 as Comte de Montfort-l'Amaury, Seigneur de Guérande.  He claimed Brittany on the death of his half-brother, and was proclaimed JEAN IV Duke of Brittany at Nantes in May 1341.  He secured the support for his claim from Edward III King of England, but the Court of Peers of France found in favour of Charles de Blois, husband of his niece 7 Sep 1341.  The king of France confiscated Montfort.  Earl of Richmond, by grant of Edward III 24 Sep 1341, to hold until he recovered Montfort.  The French besieged him at Nantes, he surrendered in Nov 1341 and was taken to Paris where he was imprisoned at the Louvre until 1 Sep 1343.  He escaped to England at Easter 1345, did homage to Edward III, and sailed with an English army to Brittany.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1345 of “nobilis Johannes comes Montisfortis filius Arturi frater Johannis et pater Johannis ducis” and his burial “in ecclesia Fratrum Prædicatorum apud Kemperellé[449]

m (Chartres Mar 1329) JEANNE de Flandre, daughter of LOUIS of Flanders Comte de Nevers & his wife Jeanne de Rethel ([1295]-Sep 1374).  She was famed for her gallant defence of Hennebont during her husband's captivity.  She accompanied Edward III to England in Feb 1343, and lived in exile at Tickhill Castle, Yorkshire, maybe insane[450]

Duke Jean IV & his wife had two children:

1.         JEAN de Bretagne ([Nov/Dec] 1339 or [30 Sep/8 Dec] 1340-Nantes 1 or 2 Nov 1399, bur Nantes Cathedral).  He was recognised as JEAN V "le Vaillant" Duke of Brittany in 1365. 

-        see below.

2.         JEANNE de Bretagne ([1341]-8 Nov 1402, bur Lavendon Abbey, Buckinghamshire).  The testament of “Jehan Duc de Bretainge Comte de Montfort et de Richemont”, dated 21 Oct 1385, bequeathed property to “nostre...sœur de pere et de mere la Dame de Basset[451].  The will of "Ralph Basset of Drayton Knight", dated 17 Jan 1389, chose burial “in the cathedral church of Lichfield”, bequeathed property to “Joan my wife[452].  She was granted Richmond, jointly with Anthony de Rise and Nicholas de Alderwych, 23 Apr 1398, but this grant was ignored or resumed by King Henry IV.  King Richard II confirmed “comitatum castrum villam et honorem Richemundie” to “Johanne que fuit uxor Radulphi Basset de Drayton chivaler sorori...fratris nostri Johannis Ducis Britannie et comitis Richemund, Antonio Rick et Nicholao Alderwich” by charter dated 20 Apr 1398[453]m as his second wife, RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Drayton), son of RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Drayton) & his wife Joan de Grey ([1334/35]-10 May 1390 son of RALPH Basset Lord Basset (of Drayton) & his wife Joan de Grey ([1334/35]-10 May 1390, bur Lichfield Cathedral).

 

 

JEAN de Bretagne, son of JEAN IV Duke of Brittany & his wife Jeanne de Flandre ([Nov/Dec] 1339 or [30 Sep/8 Dec] 1340-Nantes 1/2 Nov 1399, bur Nantes Cathedral).  He was brought up at the court of Edward III King of England.  He was restored to Montfort in 1361, under the Treaty of Brétigny.  He met his rival, Charles de Blois at the conference of Poitiers 24 Feb 1363.  He defeated and killed Charles de Blois at Auray 29 Sep 1364, and was recognised as JEAN V "le Vaillant" Duke of Brittany, pair de France, by the treaty of Guérande 12 Apr 1365.  He was restored as Earl of Richmond 20 Jul 1372 after entering an alliance with Edward III.  The French drove him out of Brittany, the Duc de Bourbon having discovered a copy of the treaty with England in the baggage of the duchess when he captured her on the road from Rennes to Vannes.  Brittany was formally confiscated in Dec 1378, but in 1379 the Bretons recalled Duke Jean.  The testament of “Jehan Duc de Bretainge Comte de Montfort et de Richemont”, dated 21 Oct 1385, chooses burial “au Monstier de N. D. de Prieres [ou] en nostre Chapelle de S. Michel d´Auray ou en l´Eglise Cathedrale de Nantes”, and bequeathed property to “nostre...sœur de pere et de mere la Dame de Basset[454].  He was deprived of Richmond in 1393, restored in May 1398.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death 2 Nov 1399 “in castro de turre nova Nannetensi” of “Johannes Britanniæ dux” and his burial “in choro ecclesiæ B. Petri Nannetensis[455]

m firstly (Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire Summer 1361) MARY of England, daughter of EDWARD III King of England & his wife Philippa de Hainaut (Waltham, near Winchester, Hampshire 10 Oct 1344-1362 after 25 Dec, bur Abingdon Abbey, Oxfordshire).  The Chronicon Britannicum records that “Johannes dux Britanniæ comes Montisfortis et Richemundiæ” married firstly “Mariam filiam regis Angliæ[456]

m secondly (London May 1366) JOAN Holand of Kent, daughter of Sir THOMAS Holand Earl of Kent & his wife Joan Ctss of Kent (1350-Nantes Nov 1384, bur Nantes, Abbaye de Notre dame de Prières).  The Chronicon Britannicum records that “Johannes dux Britanniæ comes Montisfortis et Richemundiæ” married secondly “Johannam filiam principisse Galliæ et Aquitaniæ[457].  The testament of “Jehanne Duchesse de Bretagne Comtesse de Montfort et de Richemont”, dated 25 Sep 1384, chooses burial “ou moustier de Nostre-Dame de Prieres en l´Evesché de Vannes et de l´ordre de Citeaux”, appoints “le Comte de Kent nostre frere” as her heir to all property in England, requests that “mon...Seigneur le Duc de Bretagne” continues to enjoy the “Comté de Richemont[458]

m thirdly (Saillé-près-Guérande 11 Sep 1386) as her first husband, Infanta doña JUANA de Navarra, daughter of CARLOS II King of Navarre & his wife Jeanne de France (Pamplona 1370-Dower House, Royal Manor of Havering-atte-Bower, Essex 9 Jul 1437, bur Canterbury Cathedral).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the marriage 11 Sep 1386 “in villa de Saille in parrochia Guerrandiæ” of “Johannes dux Britanniæ comes Montisfortis et Richemundiæ” and “Johannam filiam regis Navarræ[459].  “Jehan Duc de Bretagne” assigned dower to “nostre...espouse Jehanne fille du Roy de Navarre” by charter dated 26 Feb 1395, witnessed by “...Jehan de Bretagne Comte de Penthevre, Guy Seigneur de Laval et de Vitré, Olivier Seigneur de Cliczon, Alain Vicomte de Rohan, Charles Seigneur de Chasteau-Brient, Jehan Seigneur de Rochefort, Raoul Seigneur de Montfort, Geffroy Seigneur de Quintin, Jehan Seigneur de Malestroict, Robert Seigneur de Beaumanoir, Guillaume Seigneur de Montauban et Jehan Seigneur de la Hunaudaye[460].  Regent of Brittany 1399-1402.  She married secondly as his second wife, Henry IV King of England.  The Chronicle of Adam de Usk records that “Rex” married “ducis Brytanie relictam regisque Navarie sororem”, dated to 1403 from the context[461]

Duke Jean V & his third wife had nine children: 

1.         JEANNE de Bretagne (Nantes 12 Aug 1387-7 Dec 1388, bur Rhuys église de St Gildas).  The Chronicon Britannicum records that “Johanna ducissa Britanniæ” gave birth at Nantes 12 Aug 1387 to “Johannam filiam suam” and her baptism “in castro de turre nova[462].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death “VII Id Sep, alii die VII Dec” of “Johanna filia Johannis ducis Britanniæ” and her burial “in ecclesia D. Gildasii Ruyensis[463]

2.         ISABELLE de Bretagne ([Oct] 1388-[end 1388]).  Kerrebrouck records the birth of Isabelle in 1388 and her baptism “par Guillaume de Saint-André, scholastique de Dol, dans la chapelle du château de Sucinio(Sarzeau, Morbihan), décédée peu après” but does not cite the primary source on which he bases this information[464]

3.         PIERRE de Bretagne (Château de l'Hermine, near Vannes, Morbihan 24 Dec 1389-manoir de La Touche, near Nantes 29 Aug 1442, bur Tréguier, Cathédrale Saint-Tugdual).  The Chronicon Britannicum records that “Johanna filia regis Navarræ ducissa Britanniæ” gave birth “in vigilia nativitatis Domini...in castro de Hermina Venetis” of “masculinum...Petrus” whose father granted him “comitatum Montisfortis” at his baptism[465].  He was renamed JEAN 2 Dec 1396 on the wish of his father[466].  He succeeded his father in 1399 as JEAN VI Duke of Brittany

-        see below

4.         MARIE de Bretagne ([Nantes] 18 Feb 1391-18 Dec 1446)The Chronicon Britannicum records the birth 18 Feb 1390 (O.S.) “in...castro de l´Ermine” of “domina Johanna de Britannia filia...ducis et ducissæ” who was baptised “Maria[467].  A marriage was proposed between “le Duc de Bretaigne...Marie fille aisnée dudit Duc de Bretagne” and “Henry filz aisné et hoir de Monsieur le Comte de Derby filz et hoir [du] [Duc de Guienne et] Duc de Lancastre” (undated, classified in the compilation with other charters dated 1394/95)[468].  No evidence has been found to indicate whether this proposal was confirmed as a betrothal.  “Pierres Conte d´Alençon Seigneur de Fougieres et Viconte de Beaumont ayant la garde...de nostre...fils Jehan Conte de Perche” issued proxy for his marriage to “le Duc de Bretaigne...la fille” by charter dated 3 Apr 1396[469].  The marriage contract between “Pierres Comte d´Alançon Seigneur de Foulgeres et Vicomte de Beaumont et...Marie Comtesse Dame et Vicomtesse desdits lieux...nostre...fils Jehan Comte du Perche” and “Marie fille de...nos...cousin et cousin les Duc et Duchesse de Bretagne” is dated 26 Jun 1396[470].  Dame de La Guerche.  m (contract Château de l’Hermine, Vannes 26 Jun 1396) JEAN d'Alençon, son of PIERRE II “le Bon/le Noble” Comte d’Alençon & his wife Marie Chamaillart, Vicomtesse de Beaumont-au-Maine (Château d'Essay 3 May 1385-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415, bur Sées, Abbaye de Saint-Martin).  He succeeded his father in 1404 as JEAN I "le Sage" Comte d'Alençon.  Created Duc d’Alençon 1 Jan 1415. 

5.         MARGUERITE de Bretagne (1392-13 Apr 1428).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the marriage 26 Jun 1407 “in capella castri Nannetensis” of “Blanchia filia...Joannis quondam ducis Britanniæ et dominæ Johannæ filiæ regis Navarræ” and on the same day the marriage of “eius Blanchiæ soror Margareta” and “Alano filio vicecomitis et filiæ deffuncti...Oliverii de Clicon” after receiving papal dispensation for consanguinity[471].  Dame de Guillac.  m (26 Jun 1407) as his first wife, ALAIN [IX] de Rohan, son of ALAIN [VIII] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Beatrix de Clisson (-20 Mar 1462, bur Abbey de Bonrepos).  He succeeded in 1429 as Vicomte de Rohan et de Léon Comte de Porhoët Baron du Pont-Château. 

6.         ARTHUR de Bretagne (Château de Sucinio, near Vannes 24 Aug 1393-Nantes 26 Dec 1458, bur Nantes Cathedral).  Earl of Richmond 1393.  Comte de Dreux, de Montfort-l'Amaury et Seigneur de Neaufle-le-Châtel 1393.  Seigneur de Parthenay 1415.  Comte de Goelo, Seigneur d'isle de Bréhat 1422.  Regent of France 1423.  Duc de Touraine, Comte de Montfort et d'Ivry.  Seigneur de Viré 1450.  Governor of Ile de France and Normandy 1450.  He succeeded his nephew in 1457 as ARTHUR III "le Justicier" Duke of Brittany, pair de France.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death 27 Dec 1458 of “Arturus dux Britanniæ” and his burial “in conventu Cartusiensi juxta Nannetum[472].  The necrology of Vauvert records the death "VII Kal Jan" of "dominus Arturus dux Britannie connestabularius Francie"[473]m firstly (Dijon 10 Oct 1423) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Bourgogne, widow of LOUIS de France Dauphin de Viennois, daughter of JEAN "Sans-Peur" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Margareta of Holland (1390-Paris 2 Feb 1441, bur Paris église des Carmélites).  Created Dss de Guyenne at Paris 9 Mar 1424.  Ctss de Gien, de Montargis, de Dun-le-Roy et de Fontenay-le-Comte 1424.  m secondly (Nerac 29 Aug 1442) JEANNE d'Albret, daughter of CHARLES [II] d'Albret Comte de Dreux & his wife Anne d'Armagnac (-Parthenay [20] Sep 1444).  Ctss de Dreux.  m thirdly (2 Jul 1445) CATHERINE de Luxembourg, daughter of PIERRE de Luxembourg Comte de Saint Pol & his wife Margherita del Balzo (-1492, bur Chartreuse de Nantes).  Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Duke Arthur's mistress is not known.  Duke Arthur III had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1):   

a)         JACQUETTE bâtarde de Richemont .  Legitimated 1443.  m (15 Jan 1438) ARTHUR Brécart, son of --- (-after 24 Apr 1460). 

7.         GILLES de Bretagne ([Autumn] 1394-Cosne-sur-Loire 19 Jul 1412, bur Nantes Cathedral).  Seigneur de Chantocé et d'Ingrande.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1412 à Cosne” of “M. Gilles frere du Duc de Bretagne” and his burial “au cœur de S. Pierre de Nantes prez de son pere[474]

8.         RICHARD de Bretagne (end 1395-Château de Clisson, Loire-Atlantique 2 Jun 1438, bur Nantes Cathedral Saint-Pierre).  Comte d'Etampes at Sablé 8 May 1421, confirmed at Poitiers Oct 1425 with the county of Mantes. 

-        see below

9.         BLANCHE de Bretagne (1397-before 1419).  The marriage contract between "Bernard comte d´Armagnac et Jean d´Armagnac vicomte en Lomagne son fils ainé" and "Monseigneur Jean duc de Bretagne pour Madame Blanche sa sœur puinée" is dated 30 Jul 1406[475].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the marriage 26 Jun 1407 “in capella castri Nannetensis” of “Blanchia filia...Joannis quondam ducis Britanniæ et dominæ Johannæ filiæ regis Navarræ” and “domino Johanni filio comitis de Armeniaco et dominæ Johannæ filiæ ducis Bituricensis eius conjugis[476]m (contract 30 Jul 1406, Nantes 26 Jun 1407) as his first wife, JEAN [IV] d'Armagnac, son of BERNARD [VII] Comte d´Armagnac & his wife Bonne de Berry (Convent des Cordeliers Rodez 15 Oct 1396-L´Isle-Jourdain [14 Oct 1450/12 May 1451]).  He succeeded in 1418 as Comte d'Armagnac.  Comte de Bigorre et Vicomte de Lomagne 1425. 

 

 

PIERRE de Bretagne, son of JEAN V "le Vaillant" Duke of Brittany & his third wife Infanta doña Juana de Navarra (Château de l'Hermine, near Vannes, Morbihan 24 Dec 1389-manoir de La Touche, near Nantes 29 Aug 1442, bur Tréguier, Cathédrale Saint-Tugdual).  The Chronicon Britannicum records that “Johanna filia regis Navarræ ducissa Britanniæ” gave birth “in vigilia nativitatis Domini...in castro de Hermina Venetis” of “masculinum...Petrus” whose father granted him “comitatum Montisfortis” at his baptism[477].  He was renamed JEAN 2 Dec 1396 on the wish of his father[478].  Earl of Richmond 1396.  He succeeded his father in 1399 as JEAN VI Duke of Brittany, pair de France, Comte de Montfort-l'Amaury, under the regency of Philippe de France Duke of Burgundy until 1404.  He entered Rennes 22 Mar 1401, and was crowned the next day in the Cathedral.  "Duc d'Orléans" 1406.  Seigneur de Courtenay 1417-1420.  He was arrested by --- Comte de Penthièvre at Loroux in 1420, taken to Châteauceaux, but released after his wife successfully besieged the castle.  Comte de Penthièvre 1420.  Baron de Fougères 1427.  Baron de Retz 1435.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death 28 Aug 1442 at Nantes of “Johannes dux Britannorum[479]

m (contract Tours 26 Jan 1392, Hôtel de Saint-Pol, Paris 19 Sep 1396, Palais du Louvre 30 Jul 1397) JEANNE de France, daughter of CHARLES VI King of France & his wife Isabelle von Bayern-Ingolstadt (Château de Melun, Seine-et-Marne 24 Jan 1391-Vannes, Morbihan 27 Sep 1433, bur Vannes, Cathédrale de Saint-Pierre).  The marriage contract between “Jehan Duc de Bretagne Comte de Richemont...nostre...filz Jehan Comte de Montfort” and “Monsieur le Roy...Madame Jehanne de France [sa] fille”, on the understanding that he would succeed “à nostre...compagne la Duchesse mere de nostredit filz...come son filz aisné”, is dated 26 Jan 1391 (presumably O.S.)[480].  Her marriage was celebrated twice, due to an "irregularity" in the first ceremony, Kerrebrouck stating that in his first dispensation the Pope had omitted to mention that the parties were both minors.  The second ceremony followed the receipt of a second Papal dispensation[481].  She besieged Châteauceaux in 1420 and released her husband who had been imprisoned by --- Comte de Penthièvre.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death 20 Sep 1433 of “Johanna senior filia regis Franciæ ducissa Britanniæ” and her burial “in ecclesia cathedrali S. Petri Venetensis[482]

Betrothed (contract 19 Jul 1441, ratified 29 Sep 1441, no religious ceremony) to ISABEL of Scotland, daughter of JAMES I King of Scotland & his wife Joan Beaufort (Autumn 1426-[13 Oct 1494/5 Mar 1499]).  She later married Duke Jean VI's son after the former's death before the religious ceremony for this marriage. 

Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Duke Jean's mistress is not known. 

Duke Jean VI & his wife had seven children:

1.         ANNE de Bretagne ([1409]-before 2 Apr 1415). 

2.         ISABELLE de Bretagne ([1411]-Auray 13 Jan 1442, bur Nantes église des Jacobins)m (Redon 1 Oct 1430) as his first wife, GUY [XIV] de Montfort-la-Cane Comte de Laval Seigneur de Laval, de Vitré et de Gavre, son of JEAN de Montfort [GUY [XIII] de Laval] Seigneur de Kergorlay & his wife Anne de Laval Dame de Laval et de Vitré (-Châteaubriand 2 Sep 1486, bur Laval église de St Tugdal).  

3.         MARGUERITE de Bretagne (Apr 1412-Jun 1421, bur Vitré église de La Madeleine).  

4.         FRANÇOIS de Bretagne (Vannes 11 May 1414-Château de l'Hermine, Vannes 17 Jul 1450, bur Redon Abbaye de St Sauveur, Ille-et-Vilaine).  The Chronicon Britannicum records that “Johannes dux Britannorum” left “liberis tribus...Francisco, Egidio et Petro” born to “Johanna primogenita Caroli VI regis Franciæ[483].  Comte de Montfort, Baron de Fougères.  He succeeded his father in 1442 as FRANÇOIS I Duke of Brittany, pair de France, Earl of Richmond, Comte de Montfort-l'Amaury, Seigneur de Neaufle-le-Châtel, crowned at Rennes 9 Dec 1442.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death “XVI Kal Aug” 1450 of “Franciscus dux Britanniæ” and his burial “in ecclesia S. Salvatoris de Rothono[484]m firstly (contract Redon, Ille-et-Vilaine 14 Mar 1431, contract Fougères 21 Mar 1431, Amboise 20 Aug 1431) YOLANDE d'Anjou, daughter of LOUIS II Duc d'Anjou Titular King of Sicily and Jerusalem & his wife Infanta doña Violante de Aragón (Arles 13 Aug 1412-Manoir de Plaisance, near Vannes, Morbihan 17 Jul 1440, bur Vannes église des Cordeliers).  m secondly (Château d'Auray 30 Oct 1442) ISABEL of Scotland, daughter of JAMES I King of Scotland & his wife Joan Beaufort (Autumn 1426-[13 Oct 1494/5 Mar 1499]).  Isabel had been contracted to marry Duke François's father, who had died before the religious ceremony.  Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Duke François's mistress is not known.  Duke François I & his first wife had one child: 

a)         ROYAN [Renaud] de Bretagne (-before 1440).  Comte de Montfort l'Amaury. 

Duke François I & his second wife had two children: 

b)         MARGUERITE de Bretagne ([1443]-[Nantes] 25 Sep 1469, bur Nantes église des Carmélites)The Chronicon Britannicum names “Marie fille de l´autre Duc François” as wife of “François Duc de Bretagne[485]m (Vannes 13 or 16 Nov 1455) as his first wife, FRANÇOIS de Bretagne, son of RICHARD de Bretagne Comte d'Etampes & his wife Marguerite d'Orléans Ctss de Vertus (23 Jun 1433-Coiron 9 Sep 1488, bur Nantes église des Carmélites).  He succeeded in 1458 as FRANÇOIS II Duke of Brittany.  

c)         MARIE de Bretagne ([1444]-[2 Nov 1506/17 Nov 1511])m (8 Mar 1461) JEAN [II] Vicomte de Rohan et de Léon Comte de Porhoët et de La Garnache, son of ALAIN [IX] Vicomte de Rohan et de Léon Comte de Porhoët & his second wife Marie de Vaudémont (Château de La Chèze 6 Nov 1452-1516).  Lieutenant-General in the French army. 

Duke François I had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1):   

d)         JEANNE bâtarde de Bretagne (-after end 1474).  m (1458) JEAN Morhier Seigneur de Villers le Morhier, son of SIMON Morhier Seigneur de Houdan et de Villiers-le-Morhier & his wife Blanche de Popincourt (-after 20 Jun 1473). 

5.         CATHERINE de Bretagne (1416-after 1 Apr 1421). 

6.         PIERRE de Bretagne (7 Jul 1418-Nantes 22 Sep 1459, bur Nantes Notre-Dame)The Chronicon Britannicum records that “Johannes dux Britannorum” left “liberis tribus...Francisco, Egidio et Petro” born to “Johanna primogenita Caroli VI regis Franciæ[486].  Comte de Guingamp 1421.  He was adopted in 1428 by his uncle Arthur de Bretagne.  He succeeded his brother in 1450 as PIERRE II "le Simple" Duke of Brittany, pair de France.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death 22 Sep 1457 of “Petrus dux Britanniæ[487]m (1442) FRANÇOISE d'Amboise dame de Bénon, daughter of LOUIS d'Amboise Vicomte de Thouars Prince de Talmond & his wife Marie de Rieux (Château de Thouars 9 May 1427-Coets near Nantes 4 Nov 1485, bur Nantes).  Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Duke Pierre's mistress is not known.  Duke Pierre II had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1):   

a)         JEANNE bâtarde de Bretagne de Guingamp (-after 1513). 

7.         GILLES de Bretagne (1420-murdered Château de la Hardouinais 24 Apr 1450, bur Bosquien Abbaye Notre Dame)The Chronicon Britannicum records that “Johannes dux Britannorum” left “liberis tribus...Francisco, Egidio et Petro” born to “Johanna primogenita Caroli VI regis Franciæ[488]Seigneur de Princé et de la Motte-Achard 1436-1438.  Châtelain de Lamballe 1438.  Seigneur de Chantocé et d'Ingrande 1439-1443.  He was strangled.  m (1444) FRANÇOISE de Dinan-Montafilant dame de Châteaubriant, de Vioreau, de Hugutières-en-Retz, de Beaumanoir, du Bodister-en-Pleurin, du Guildo, de Montafilant et de la Hardouinais, daughter of JACQUES de Dinant Seigneur du Bodister-en-Pleurin & his wife Catherine de Rohan (20 Dec 1436-3 Jan 1499, bur Nantes église Dominicain).  She married secondly (1450) Guy [XIV] de Montfort-La Cane Comte de Laval (-Châteaubriand 2 Sep 1486), and thirdly (soon after 1486) Jean de ProisyMistress (1): ---.  The name of Gilles's mistress is not known.  Gilles had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

a)         EDOUARD (-after 1477). 

b)         GUILLAUME (-after 1466).  

Duke Jean VI had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):   

8.          TANGUY bâtard de Bretagne (-[1466/71]).  Seigneur de Hédé.  m JEANNE Turpin, daughter of ANTOINE Turpin Seigneur de Crissé et de Villers & his wife Anne de La Grézille (-after 1471).   

 

 

RICHARD de Bretagne, son of JEAN V "le Vaillant" Duke of Brittany & his third wife Infanta doña Juana de Navarra (end 1395-Château de Clisson, Loire-Atlantique 2 Jun 1438, bur Nantes Cathedral Saint-Pierre).  Captain-General of Guyenne and Poitou 1419.  Comte d'Etampes at Sablé 8 May 1421, confirmed at Poitiers Oct 1425 with the county of Mantes.  Seigneur de Palluau et de Châteaumur de Thouarcé, de Bourgomeaux-l'Evêque et de Ligron 8 May 1421.  Comte de Vertus-en-Champagne et de Bénon 1423.  Baron de Clisson, Seigneur de Courtenay, de Piffonds, de Houdan et de l'Epine-Gaudin 1423.  Châtelain de Renac et de Bois-Raoul near Redon 1424.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death 11 Jun 1438 “au Chasteau de Cliczon” of “M. Richart Seig. d´Estampes et de Cliczon” and his burial “en l´église de saint Pere de Nantes...avec son pere[489]

m (Château de Blois, Loir-et-Cher 29 Aug 1423) MARGUERITE d'Orléans Ctss de Vertus, daughter of LOUIS de France Duc d'Orléans & his second wife Valentina Visconti (1406-Abbaye de Laguiche, near Blois 24 Apr 1466, bur Abbaye de Laguiche).  She was given the county of Vertus as her dowry.  After her husband died, she retired to the Abbaye de Laguiche. 

Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Richard's mistress is not known. 

Comte Richard & his wife had seven children: 

1.         MARIE de Bretagne (1424-19 Oct 1477, bur La Madeleine).  Nun at Longchamps.  Abbess of Fontevraud 1457/58.  Nun at La Madeleine near Orléans.  

2.         ISABELLE de Bretagne (1426-1438). 

3.         CATHERINE de Bretagne (1428-before 22 Apr 1476)Dame de l'Epine-Gaudin, de la Ferté-Milon, de Nogent d'Artaud, de Gandelu, de Luzarche et de Courtenay.  m (19 Aug 1438) GUILLAUME VIII Prince d'Orange, son of LOUIS II "le Bon" Prince d'Orange [Chalon-Bourgogne-Comté] & his first wife Jeanne de Montbéliard dame de Montfaucon (-Château d'Orange 27 Sep 1475, bur Orange église des Cordeliers). 

4.         FRANÇOIS de Bretagne (23 Jun 1433-Coiron 9 Sep 1488, bur Nantes église des Carmélites)Comte d'Etampes et de Dreux 1442-1477.  He succeeded his uncle in 1458 as FRANÇOIS II Duke of Brittany.   

-        see below

5.         son (-[1436], bur Bodon église des Carmélites).  

6.         MARGUERITE de Bretagne ([1437]-before 1466).  

7.         MADELEINE de Bretagne (-Longchamps 29 Mar 1461, bur Longchamps).  A list of nuns at Longchamp in the abbey's necrology includes "mademoiselle seur Magdalene de Bretaigne, fille…prince monseigneur Richard de Bretaigne conte d'Estampes et de Vertus et seigneur de Clisson et de…madame Marguerite d'Orleans…seur de…prince Francoys duc de Bretagne" and records that she died 29 Mar 1461[490].  Nun at Longchamps before 29 Sep 1459. 

Comte Richard had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1):   

8.          JEANNE bâtarde d'Etampes (-after [1459/62]). 

 

 

FRANÇOIS de Bretagne, son of RICHARD de Bretagne Comte d'Etampes & his wife Marguerite d'Orléans Ctss de Vertus (23 Jun 1433-Coiron 9 Sep 1488, bur Nantes église des Carmélites).  Comte d'Etampes et de Dreux 1442-1477.  He succeeded his uncle in 1458 as FRANÇOIS II Duke of Brittany, Duc de Montbazon.  Earl of Richmond 1458.  Comte de Montfort-l'Amaury 1458.  He founded the University of Nantes in 1459.  Seigneur de Courtenay 1466.  General-Lieutenant in the French army 1475.  He died from a fall from his horse. 

m firstly (Vannes 13 or 16 Nov 1455) MARGUERITE de Bretagne, daughter of FRANÇOIS I Duke of Brittany & his second wife Isabella of Scotland ([1443]-[Nantes] 25 Sep 1469, bur Nantes église des Carmélites).  The Chronicon Britannicum names “Marie fille de l´autre Duc François” as wife of “François Duc de Bretagne[491]

m secondly (Clisson 27 Jun 1471) MARGUERITE de Foix, daughter of GASTON IV Comte de Foix Prince of Navarre & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Navarra (after 1458-Nantes 15 May 1486, bur Nantes église des Carmélites). 

Mistress (1): ANTOINETTE de Maignelais, daughter of JEAN Seigneur de Maignelais & his wife Marie de Jouy.

Duke François II & his first wife had one child:

1.         FRANÇOIS de Bretagne (29 Jun 1463-25 Aug 1463, bur Nantes Cathedral).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the birth 29 Jun 1463 of “François Comte de Montfort filz de François Duc de Bretagne et de Marie fille de l´autre Duc François”, and his death 7 Aug 1463 and burial “au cueur de l´église de Nantes”, a second report recording his death 25 Aug[492].  Comte de Montfort-l'Amaury. 

Duke François II & his second wife had two children: 

2.         ANNE de Bretagne (Château de Nantes 25 Jan 1477-Château de Blois 9 Jan 1514, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  She was created Duchess by her father before his death.  She succeeded her father in 1488 as ANNE Dss of Brittany, crowned 10 Feb 1489 at Rennes, Cathédrale Saint-Pierre.  Anne styled herself "Reine des Romains" after her first marriage.  Brittany was incorporated into the royal domains under the contract for her second marriage, and Anne was deprived of her title of duchess.  Another condition of the contract was that, should her husband die without heirs, she could only marry the heir to the French throne as her next husband.  She was crowned queen of France at Saint-Denis 8 Feb 1492.  Anne regained her independence and her title of duchess of Brittany after the death of her first husband.  She was crowned queen of France, for the second time, 18 Nov 1504 at l'Abbaye de Saint-Denis.  Under the terms of her third marriage, she retained the government of the duchy.  Her third husband gave her Etampes in Mar 1513.  m firstly (by proxy Cathédrale de Rennes 19 Dec 1490, annulled by the Pope) as his second wife, MAXIMILIAN King of the Romans Archduke of Austria, son of Emperor FRIEDRICH III King of the Romans, Duke of Austria & his wife Infanta dona Leonor de Portugal (Burg zu Neustadt 22 Mar 1459-Wels 12 Jan 1519.  m secondly (Château de Langeais, Indre-et-Loire 6 Dec 1491, contract Langeais 13 Dec 1491) CHARLES VIII "l'Affable" King of France, son of LOUIS XI King of France & his second wife Charlotte de Savoie (Château d'Amboise, Indre-et-Loire 30 Jun 1470-Château d'Amboise 7 Apr 1498, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  He incorporated Brittany into the royal domains, entering Nantes 4 Apr 1491.  m thirdly (contract Etampes 18 Aug 1498[493], Papal dispensation 13 Sep 1498, Château de Nantes 7 Jan 1499) as his second wife, LOUIS XII King of France, son of CHARLES Duc d'Orléans & his third wife Maria von Kleve (Château de Blois 27 Jun 1462-Hôtel royal des Tournelles, Paris 1 Jan 1515, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  

3.         ISABELLE de Bretagne (1481 before 10 May-Rennes 24 Aug 1490, bur Rennes Cathedral). 

Duke François II had five illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

4.          FRANÇOIS d'Avaugour dit de Bretagne (1462-after 1494)Comte de Vertus et de Goello.  m ([1492]) as her second husband, MADELEINE de Brosse, widow of JANUS de Savoie Comte de Genève, daughter of JEAN de Brosse dit de Bretagne Comte de Penthievre et de Périgord & his wife Louise de Laval (-before 22 May 1512). 

-        d'AVAUGOUR dit de BRETAGNE.  

5.          ANTOINE Baron d'Avaugour (1463-young).  

6.          son (1466-young).  

7.          daughter (1465-young).  

8.          FRANÇOISE d'Avaugour (1473-[1498]). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    CORNOUAÏLLE

 

 

A.      COMTES de CORNOUAÏLLE

 

 

The county of Cornouaïlle was in western Brittany. 

 

 

1.         RIVALLON (-after 9 Jul 871).  Comte de Cornouaïlle.  "…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[494].  A hymn to Saint Gwennolé records that "Cornubiæ rector…Riuelen" in the time of Salomon Duke of Brittany[495]

 

2.         GURMHAILON (-after 25 Oct 913).  Comte de Cornouaïlle.  It appears that, after the death of Alain I Duke of Brittany in 907, power in Brittany was shared between the counts of Poher (Alain´s son-in-law), Vannes (Alain´s possible eldest son) and Cornouaïlle and that none of these was acknowledged as overall ruler.  Gurmhailon must have had some pretensions to the duchy as the dating clause of the charter dated 27 Nov 910, quoted below, states that he was "regnante Britanniam".  However, his success must have been short-lived as, in the charter dated 25 Oct 913 also quoted below, he signs as witness with the simple title "comes".  "Tanchi comes…cum…filiolum suum Derian, filium Alani" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 27 Nov 910, "Gurmahilon regnante Britanniam"[496].  "Matuedoi comes" confirmed a donation of property "quod rex Alanus antea atque Euuen nepos eius Sancte Mariæ Bilique episcopo in monacho sempiterno dederat" to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 25 Oct 913, witnessed by "Gurmhailon comes, Deniel filius eius"[497].  Under a charter dated outside Brittany in [920/26], "clericus…stemate regalium ortus…Hepuuou filius Riuelen atque Ruantrec" recorded transactions made earlier "coram multis testibus Cornubiensibus nobilissimus: Uurmaelon comes Cornubiæ…", and made further donations dated 10 Apr and 13 Aug 954 witnessed by "Haelchodus comes, eiusque filius Herleuuinus…"[498]m ---.  The name of Gurmhailon's wife is not known.  Gurmhailon & his wife had one child: 

a)         DENIEL (-after 25 Oct 913).  "Matuedoi comes" confirmed a donation of property "quod rex Alanus antea atque Euuen nepos eius Sancte Mariæ Bilique episcopo in monacho sempiterno dederat" to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 25 Oct 913, witnessed by "Gurmhailon comes, Deniel filius eius"[499]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         BUDIC [Benedict], son of --- (-before 952).  He is named Benedict in the source which names his son Periou (see below).  Comte de Cornouaïlle.  "Budic comes Cornubiensis" confirmed the possessions of Landevenec by undated charter[500].  "Budic comitis…Alfrett fratris comitis…" signed a donation to Landevenec by "mulier…stemate regalium orta…Iunargant" by undated charter dated to the mid-10th century[501].  "Budic comes" donated property to Landevenec by undated charter dated to the mid-10th century[502].  An undated charter, dated to [945/52], records the death and burial of "Budic…comes", witnessed by "Alan dux Britanniæ…Benedictus episcopus filius istius Budic…Euhuarn vicecomes…"[503]m ---.  The name of Budic's wife is not known.  It is possible that she was Onven: "Onven filia Rivelen Benedicti præsulis mater" donated "villam…Kaer-Kenuz in plebe Treguent" to Quimper, as well as "alaim villam…Pen-bren…vice Orscandus episcopus", by undated charter[504].  However, if this is correct, "Orscandus episcopus" would have been her grandson, which implies a considerable, if not impossible, lifespan.  Budic & his wife had two children: 

a)         BENEDICT de Cornouaïlle (-1026).  An undated charter, dated to [945/52], records the death and burial of "Budic…comes", witnessed by "Alan dux Britanniæ…Benedictus episcopus filius istius Budic…Euhuarn vicecomes…"[505]Comte de Cornouaïlle.  "Budic nobilis comes" donated property to Landévennec by an undated charter, witnessed by "Benedictus episcopus filius istius Budic"[506]Bishop of Quimper .  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Quimper after the death of his wife, but does not date the event or cite the primary source on which it is based[507].  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, with the consent of "Guiguoedon cum domino suo et filiis et militibus", later confirmed by "Alanus comes filius Benedicti supradicti" (witnessed by "…femina ipsius comitis Iudeth…"), by charter dated to [1022/38] which also records a later donation by "Alanus comes et uxor illius Iudeth…et filiæ suæ Hodiernæ abbatissæ", witnessed by "Hoel…filius eiusdem comitis…Moruan vicecomes…"[508].  "Benedictus comes et episcopus parcium Cornubiensium" donated property on his deathbed to Landévennec by an undated charter, witnessed by "Alanus comes"[509], presumably his son.  m GUINODEON, daughter of ---.  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, with the consent of "Guiguoedon cum domino suo et filiis et militibus", by charter dated to [1022/38][510].  Benedict & his wife had six children: 

i)          ALLARUM .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m GUETHENOC Vicomte du château de Thro-en-Porhoët, son of --- (-1046). 

ii)         ALAIN "Caignart" (-4 Jun 1058, bur Church of Notre-Dame, next to Saint-Corentin).  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, later confirmed by "Alanus comes filius Benedicti supradicti" (witnessed by "…femina ipsius comitis Iudeth…"), by charter dated to [1022/38] which also records a later donation by "Alanus comes et uxor illius Iudeth…et filiæ suæ Hodiernæ abbatissæ", witnessed by "Hoel…filius eiusdem comitis…Moruan vicecomes…"[511]Comte de Cornouaïlle

-         see below

iii)        ORSCAND de Cornouaïlle (-13 Oct 1064)Bishop of Quimper 1022.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Quimper in 1022, after his father resigned the bishopric, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[512].  A charter dated 1029 records the property of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé with the consent of "Alano comite…et conjugem eius Judith, Orscando episcopo fratre comitis…Guethenoc et Guerec fratribus comitis…"[513].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1064 of "Orscandus episcopus Cornugallie"[514]

iv)       GUETHENOC (-after 1029).  A charter dated 1029 records the property of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé with the consent of "Alano comite…et conjugem eius Judith, Orscando episcopo fratre comitis…Guethenoc et Guerec fratribus comitis…"[515].  "Guezenec…Benedicti consulis et episcopi filius medius moriens" donated "villam…Kaer-Cribur…in Plebe-Nevez in pago Treguent" to Quimper by undated charter[516]

v)        GUEREC (-after 1029).  A charter dated 1029 records the property of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé with the consent of "Alano comite…et conjugem eius Judith, Orscando episcopo fratre comitis…Guethenoc et Guerec fratribus comitis…"[517]

vi)       AVAN (-after 1037).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1037 which records a donation to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by "Huelin Berengarii filius", in the presence of "Alani Cornubie consulis", for the soul of "…uxoris mee Auan", with the consent of "filio meo Guegon et uxore mea", signed by "Alanus consul Cainard, Budic Venetensis episcopus…Huelin…Guegon filius eius, Auan uxoris eiusdem Huelini et predicti consulis soror…"[518]m HUELIN Seigneur d´Hennebont, son of BERENGER & his wife --- (-after 1037). 

b)         PERIOU .  "Periou Benedicti consulis filius ante obitus sui" donated "unam villam…Pen-bis in Scazre" to Quimper, in the presence of "Benedicto episcopo", by undated charter[519].  Morice indicates that Periou was the son of "Budic ou Benedic II du nom, Comte de Cornouaille"[520].  This appears to be the only possible interpretation of the document which records his donation to Quimper, from which it is clear that "Benedicto episcopo" was a different person from Periou´s father.  "Benedicto episcopo" could therefore only refer to Benedict ex-comte de Cornouaille, whose death is dated to 1026, as the chronology suggests that Bishop Benedict (son of Alain "Caignart" Comte de Cornouaille, see below) must be excluded.  It is not entirely satisfactory to equate the two names Budic and Benedict: it should be noted that Alain "Caignart" Comte de Cornouaille is recorded with sons with both names, suggesting that they were not then considered the same.  m ---.  The name of Periou´s wife is not known.  Periou & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUEGON .  "Guegon filius Periou Benedicti consulis filius" donated "villam Kaer-Truc…in plæbe…Nevez super fluvium" to Quimper by undated charter[521]

2.         ALFRED .  "Budic comitis…Alfrett fratris comitis…" signed a donation to Landevenec by "mulier…stemate regalium orta…Iunargant" by undated charter dated to the mid-10th century[522]

 

 

ALAIN "Caignart" de Cornouaïlle, son of BENEDICT Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Guinodeon --- (-4 Jun 1058, bur Church of Notre-Dame, next to Saint-Corentin).  Comte de Cornouaïlle.  A charter dated 1021 records that the bishop of Vannes restored rights to Redon abbey, witnessed by "…Alanus Cornugallensis comes et Guethenocus vicecomes  et Gozolinus eius filius…"[523].  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, later confirmed by "Alanus comes filius Benedicti supradicti" (witnessed by "…femina ipsius comitis Iudeth…"), by charter dated to [1022/38] which also records a later donation by "Alanus comes et uxor illius Iudeth…et filiæ suæ Hodiernæ abbatissæ", witnessed by "Hoel…filius eiusdem comitis…Moruan vicecomes…"[524].  A charter dated 1029 records the property of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé with the consent of "Alano comite…et conjugem eius Judith, Orscando episcopo fratre comitis…Guethenoc et Guerec fratribus comitis…"[525].  "Alano comite Chanarth…Cornubiam regente" founded the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by charter dated 1029[526].  "Alanus Britannice gentis dux atque princeps" founded the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter dated to [1028/30], witnessed by "Eudo meus germanus, Gozolinus vicecomes, Rivallonis vicarius, Alanus Cornugallie comes…"[527].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death in 1058 of "Alanus Comes Cornugalliæ, Kemperlegiensis monasterii fundator et pater"[528].  A fragmentary chronicle in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records that "consul Alanus cognomento Cainard" died 30 years after building the abbey of Sainte-Croix at Quimperlé and was buried "in ecclesia Beate Virginis Marie que adjacent ecclesie Sancti Courentini"[529].  The necrology of Landévennec records the death “pridie Non Jun” of “Alanus Caignart Cornugalliæ comes frater noster[530]

m ([1026]) JUDITH de Nantes, daughter of JUDICAËL Comte de Nantes & his wife Mélisende --- (-1063, bur Sainte-Guénolé de Landevenec).  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Judith…filia Juhelli quondam comitis Nannetensis" as wife of "Alani Cagnart" and mother of "Hoellus Dux"[531].  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, later confirmed by "Alanus comes filius Benedicti supradicti" (witnessed by "…femina ipsius comitis Iudeth…"), by charter dated to [1022/38] which also records a later donation by "Alanus comes et uxor illius Iudeth…et filiæ suæ Hodiernæ abbatissæ", witnessed by "Hoel…filius eiusdem comitis…Moruan vicecomes…"[532].  A charter dated 1029 records the property of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé with the consent of "Alano comite…et conjugem eius Judith, Orscando episcopo fratre comitis…Guethenoc et Guerec fratribus comitis…"[533].  "Alanus comes nobilis Cornubensium partium" donated property to Landévennec by an undated charter, affirmed by "conjugis Iudett"[534].  An undated charter dated to [1031/55] records a donation to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by "Alano principe…uxor eiusdem consulis, religiosa domina et mater nostra Judith comitissa, filia…Judicaelis Nannetensium comitis", in the presence of "domini sui"[535].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death in 1063 of "Iudith Comitissa Cornugalliæ"[536].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1063 of "Judith comitissa Cornugallie"[537].  A fragmentary chronicle in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records that "comitissa Judith" lived for six years as a nun after her husband died and was buried "in ecclesia Sancti Guingualoei"[538]

Alain & his wife had seven children: 

1.         HOËL (-13 Apr 1084).  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Hoellus Dux filiusque Alani Cagnart et Judith Comitissæ" when recording his marriage[539]Comte de Cornouaïlle, de Nantes et de Léon 1054. 

-        see below

2.         ORGUEN [Agnès] de Cornouaïlle .  "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[540]m EUDES [I] Comte de Penthièvre, son of GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany & his wife Havise de Normandie (-1062). 

3.         BUDIC (-1091).  "Alani comitis comitisseque Constantie" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 1089, witnessed by "Mathias comes Namnetis…Eudo vicecomes, Radulfus anglicus comes, Radulfus de Fulgeres…Budicus frater Hoelli comitis"[541].  "Budic frater Hoeli comitis" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, in the presence of "fratris mei Benedicti abbatis…Benedicto Corisopitensi episcopo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Benedictus episcopus, Guigonus decanus frater episcopi…"[542].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death in 1091 of "Budic, frater Hoëlis Comitis"[543].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1091 of "Budic frater Hoeli comitis"[544]

4.         QUIRIAC de Cornouaïlle (-[1076/78])Bishop of Nantes 1052.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Nantes in 1052 but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[545]

5.         BENEDICT de Cornouaïlle (-2 Jan [1115]).  "Budic frater Hoeli comitis" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, in the presence of "fratris mei Benedicti abbatis…Benedicto Corisopitensi episcopo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Benedictus episcopus, Guigonus decanus frater episcopi…"[546]Bishop of Quimper 1064.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Quimper in 1064, in succession to his paternal uncle, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[547]Bishop of Nantes .  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records that "Benedicti Episcopi…Alani Cornugalliæ Comitis filii" was ordained in 1081[548].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records that "Benedictus, Alani Cornugalliæ Consulis filius" was dismissed from "Nanneticæ Ecclesiæ sedem et Abbatiæ Kemperlegiensis regimen" in 1113[549].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death in 1115 of "Benedictus Episcopus Nannetensis et Abbas Sanctæ Crucis"[550].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records that "Benedictus Alani Cornugallie consulis filius" resigned "Nannetice ecclesie sedem et abbatie Kemperelegiensis regimen" in 1114 and died in 1115[551]

6.         daughter .  The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records that "Normannus, Montis Rebelli dominus Minoris" invaded Anjou and after peace was agreed that he married "sororem Hoelli Nannetensium comitis viduam"[552], the event being recorded in the text under the rule of abbot Sigo[553].  It is not known to which sister of Comte Hoël this refers.  Chronologically it is possible that this anonymous sister was Orguen, whose husband died in 1062, but no other reference to any second marriage of hers has been found.  m firstly ---.  m secondly ([1055/70]) NORMAN Seigneur de Montrebel, son of ---. 

7.         HODIERNE .  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, later confirmed by "Alanus comes filius Benedicti supradicti" (witnessed by "…femina ipsius comitis Iudeth…"), by charter dated to [1022/38] which also records a later donation by "Alanus comes et uxor illius Iudeth…et filiæ suæ Hodiernæ abbatissæ", witnessed by "Hoel…filius eiusdem comitis…Moruan vicecomes…"[554].  Abbess. 

 

 

HOËL de Cornouaïlle, son of ALAIN "Caignart" Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Judith de Nantes (-13 Apr 1084).  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Hoellus Dux filiusque Alani Cagnart et Judith Comitissæ" when recording his marriage[555].  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, later confirmed by "Alanus comes filius Benedicti supradicti" (witnessed by "…femina ipsius comitis Iudeth…"), by charter dated to [1022/38] which also records a later donation by "Alanus comes et uxor illius Iudeth…et filiæ suæ Hodiernæ abbatissæ", witnessed by "Hoel…filius eiusdem comitis…Moruan vicecomes…"[556].  He succeeded as Comte de Cornouaille, de Nantes, et de Léon.  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the death in 1084 of "Hoel Brito comes Nannetensis" and his donation to Saint-Nicholas of "insulam…Deneralem"[557].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1084 of "Hoëlus Comes"[558].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death "Id Apr" in 1084 of "Hoellus filius Alani Chainnardi, qui fuit Dux Nannetensis et Britanniæ"[559].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1084 of "Hoel comes"[560].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death "Id Apr" in 1084 of "Hoël Comes"[561]

m (1066) HAVISE de Bretagne, daughter of ALAIN III Duke of Brittany & his wife Berthe de Blois (-19 Aug 1072).  The Flandria Generosa names "Havisis Namnetensis comitissa" daughter of "Berta comitissa", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and Havise de Bretagne, which constituted grounds for their separation[562].  The Chronicon Briocensi records the marriage of "Hasevisiam sororem…Conani Ducis" and "Hoellus Dux"[563].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to before 1072 under which "Constancius" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "Jedear uxore mea" and affirmed by "Hoel comes et Haduis comitissa, Alanus et Mathias et Eudo filii eorum"[564], read together with another passage in the Flandria Generosa which names "comes Alanus" as son of "Havisis Namnetensis comitissa"[565].  She was heiress of her brother Conan II Duke of Brittany in 1066.  The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Sep" of "Haduisis filia Berta comitisse"[566].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1072 of "Hadeuguis comitissa"[567]

Comte Hoël & his wife had seven children:

1.         ALAIN de Cornouaïlle (-13 Oct 1119).  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Alanum, Mathiam et Benedictum" as the three children of "Hoellus…ex Hadevisa uxore sua"[568].  He succeeded in 1084 as ALAIN IV "Fergant" Duke of Brittany

-        DUKES of BRITTANY

2.         HAVISE (-after 1075).  "Berta comitissa Alani Redonensis ducis uxor" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, for the souls of "filie nostre Hadeuis comitisse Hoelis ducis Britannie conjugis et…filiorum suorum, meorum…nepotum Alani et Mathie", by charter dated 1075, signed by "Alanus nothus filius Conani comitis, Vitalis et Gualterius Carnotenses, familiares comitisse Haduis neptis mee…"[569].  Presumably the subscribers should be read "…Vitalis et Gualterius Carnotenses familiars comitisse, Haduis neptis mee…" as otherwise it is difficult to explain how the donor´s granddaughter could have borne the title "comitisse". 

3.         MATHIEU (-[1103/04]).  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Alanum, Mathiam et Benedictum" as the three children of "Hoellus…ex Hadevisa uxore sua", stating that Mathieu was "Comes Nannetensis ex donatione Hoelli patris sui et consensus Alani primogeniti sui" but died childless in 1101[570].  "Constancius" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "Jedear uxore mea" and affirmed by "Hoel comes et Haduis comitissa, Alanus et Mathias et Eudo filii eorum" by charter dated before 1072[571].  "Berta comitissa Alani Redonensis ducis uxor" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, for the souls of "filie nostre Hadeuis comitisse Hoelis ducis Britannie conjugis et…filiorum suorum, meorum…nepotum Alani et Mathie", by charter dated 1075, signed by "Alanus nothus filius Conani comitis, Vitalis et Gualterius Carnotenses, familiares comitisse Haduis neptis mee…"[572]Comte de Nantes.  "Rualdus" founded "sancte Marie…de Peregrino", with the consent of "domino meo Matthiæ Namnetico comiti", by undated charter witnessed by "Matthie com, Ermengardis uxoris eius, Rivalloni avunculi eius…"[573].  "Mathias…Nannetensium consul" donated l´île Corber en Loire to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé "in manu Benedicti episcopi sedis Nannetice patrui mei", for the souls of "Hoeli…comitis patris mei et matris mee Hadeuis", by charter dated 1091[574].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1104 of "Matthias Nannetensis, Hoeli Comitis filius", stating that he had violated "cimiterium beatorum Petri et Pauli" in the same year[575].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death in 1103 of "Matthias Nannetensis Consul, Hoëlis Consulis filius"[576].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1103 of "Mathias Nannetensis consul, Hoeli consulis filius"[577].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1103 of "Mathias Comes Nannetensis"[578]m ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---.  "Rualdus" founded "sancte Marie…de Peregrino", with the consent of "domino meo Matthiæ Namnetico comiti", by undated charter witnessed by "Matthie com, Ermengardis uxoris eius, Rivalloni avunculi eius…"[579].    

4.         EUDES de Cornouaïlle (-[1072/75]).  "Constancius" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "Jedear uxore mea" and affirmed by "Hoel comes et Haduis comitissa, Alanus et Mathias et Eudo filii eorum" by charter dated before 1072[580].  He presumably died before the 1075 charter in which his maternal grandmother names his two brothers and sister. 

5.         HILDEBERGE de Cornouaïlle .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m as his second wife, GEOFFROY [III] de Mayenne, son of HAYMON de Mayenne & his wife --- (-[May/Dec] 1098). 

6.         BENEDICT .  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Alanum, Mathiam et Benedictum" as the three children of "Hoellus…ex Hadevisa uxore sua"[581]

7.         ADELA de Cornouaïlle .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Abbess of Saint-Georges at Rennes. 

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de GOURIN

 

 

1.         TANGUY (-[before 1 Aug 1088]).  Vicomte [de Gourin].  "Tangui vicecomes" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "uxoris sue Hodierne et filii sui Bernardi", by charter dated to [after 1088][582].  "…Tanki vicecomes…" witnessed the charter dated to end-11th century which records the claims by Alain "Fergant" Duke of Brittany to half the rights of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé[583]m HODIERNE, daughter of ---.  "Tangui vicecomes" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "uxoris sue Hodierne et filii sui Bernardi", by charter dated to [after 1088][584].  Tanguy & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERNARD (-after 1088).  "Tangui vicecomes" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "uxoris sue Hodierne et filii sui Bernardi", by charter dated to [after 1088][585].  "Bernardus vicecomes" witnessed the charter dated 1 Aug 1088 under which "Constantia Britannie comitissa et regis Anglorum Guilhelmi filia" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé[586]m ---.  The name of Bernard´s wife is not known.  Bernard & his wife had two children: 

i)          RIVALLON (-after 1163).  "Riuallonus vicecomes, Bernardi predicti filius" [this charter follows the charter dated to [after 1088], see above, in the Quimperlé cartulary] "et Riuallonus filius suus et Azelice filia sua" donated "terram, a fine Latdrun" to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Guenlodoe filia Haelgorett filii Perenes que erat heres terre illius et filii eius Herueus et Riuuallonus…maritus eius et filie eius", by charter dated to [1163/86][587].  "Riuallonus vicecomes" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Guielder uxor sua et Riuallonus filius suus et Azelice filia sua", by charter dated to [1163/86][588]m GUIELDER, daughter of ---.  "Riuallonus vicecomes" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Guielder uxor sua et Riuallonus filius suus et Azelice filia sua", by charter dated to [1163/86][589].  Rivallon & his wife had two children: 

(a)       RIVALLON .  "Riuallonus vicecomes, Bernardi predicti filius" [this charter follows the charter dated to [after 1088], see above, in the Quimperlé cartulary] "et Riuallonus filius suus et Azelice filia sua" donated "terram, a fine Latdrun" to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé[590].  "Riuallonus vicecomes" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Guielder uxor sua et Riuallonus filius suus et Azelice filia sua", by charter dated to [1163/86][591]

(b)       ADELICIA .  "Riuallonus vicecomes, Bernardi predicti filius" [this charter follows the charter dated to [after 1088], see above, in the Quimperlé cartulary] "et Riuallonus filius suus et Azelice filia sua" donated "terram, a fine Latdrun" to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé[592].  "Riuallonus vicecomes" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Guielder uxor sua et Riuallonus filius suus et Azelice filia sua", by charter dated to [1163/86][593]

ii)         TANGUY .  "Tangui vicecomes, Bernardi filius et Azenor uxor sua" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Bernardo et Henrico filiis suis", by charter dated to [1163/86], witnessed by "Riuuallonus frater ipsius Tangui"[594]m AZENOR, daughter of ---.  "Tangui vicecomes, Bernardi filius et Azenor uxor sua" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Bernardo et Henrico filiis suis", by charter dated to [1163/86], witnessed by "Riuuallonus frater ipsius Tangui"[595].  Tanguy & his wife had two children: 

(a)       BERNARD .  "Tangui vicecomes, Bernardi filius et Azenor uxor sua" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Bernardo et Henrico filiis suis", by charter dated to [1163/86], witnessed by "Riuuallonus frater ipsius Tangui"[596]

(b)       HENRI .  "Tangui vicecomes, Bernardi filius et Azenor uxor sua" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, with the consent of "Bernardo et Henrico filiis suis", by charter dated to [1163/86], witnessed by "Riuuallonus frater ipsius Tangui"[597]

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES de LEON

 

 

1.         BRAN (-after 9 Jul 871).  "…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[598].  La Borderie suggests that Bran was comte de Léon, but this appears to be by process of elimination of the other known Breton counts and counties in the 9th century[599].

 

 

1.         GUYOMAR [I] (-after 1031).  Vicomte de LéonA charter dated 1021 records that the bishop of Vannes restored rights to Redon abbey, witnessed by "…Guihomarcus Leonensis vicecomes…"[600].  ["...Guihomarch..." subscribed the charter dated 1029 which lists the properties of Sainte-Croix de Qimperlé[601].  The editor of the cartulary consulted suggests that this person was “sans doute le vicomte de Léon qui, peu après, fut en guerre avec Alain Caignart” (referring to the charter dated to [1030/31], an extract of which follows), presumably therefore (if correct) identifiable as Vicomte Guyomar [I].  The editor then indicates that this person was killed in 1103, confusing Guyomar [I] with Guyomar [II] (see below).]  A charter dated to [1030/31] records a donation to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by "consul Alanus" during the war with "Guihomarch…vicecomitis" and records a later confirmation during the war with "vicecomite Moruano"[602].  "...Guihomarch et Moruan vicecomites..." witnessed the charter dated to [1031/55] which confirms a donation to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé made by "Alano principe...concessit uxor eiusdem consulis...Judith"[603]

 

2.         MORVAN (-after 1031).  No indication has been found of any family relationship between Morvan and Vicomte Guyomar [I] (see above).  Vicomte [de Léon].  A charter dated to [1030/31] records a donation to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by "consul Alanus" during the war with "Guihomarch…vicecomitis" and records a later confirmation during the war with "vicecomite Moruano"[604].  "...Guihomarch et Moruan vicecomites..." witnessed the charter dated to [1031/55] which confirms a donation to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé made by "Alano principe...concessit uxor eiusdem consulis...Judith"[605].  The charter dated to [1030/31], quoted above, suggests that Morvan outlived Vicomte Guyomar [I].  m ---.  The name of Morvan´s wife is not known.  Morvan & his wife had one child: 

a)         EHUARN (-after 1066).  "Ehuarn filius Moruani vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1066/84] under which "Guihumarch filius Numenoe" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé[606]

 

 

1.         GUYOMAR [II] (-killed 1103).  Vicomte de LéonThe Chronicon Britannico records that "Guichomarus vicecomes Leonensium" was killed in 1103[607].  The chronology dictates that Guyomar [II] could not have been the same person as Guyomar [I], but no other primary source has been identified which records his career.  m ---.  The name of Guyomar´s wife is not known.  Guyomar [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HERVE [I] (-1168).  [Le Baud states that Baudry Archbishop of Dol names “Hervé le fils de Guihomar, qui lors estoit vicomte de Leon” among the Bretons who left on the First Crusade[608].  Baudry´s Historia Jerosolimitana (as published in the Recueil des Historiens des Croisades series) names “...Herveus filius Dodemani...” as the crusader[609].  “Dodemani” has not otherwise been identified, and it is possible that the name represents a transcription error for “Guihomari” (or similar).  If the entry does refer to a son of Guyomar [II], he must have been a young adult at the time of the crusade and therefore born before [1080] at the latest.  However, this date of birth seems early considering the record of the death of Hervé [I] in 1168.  It seems more likely that Hervé [I] was a child when his father died and therefore that he did not participate in the first crusade.]  Hervé´s parentage is confirmed by the undated charter, quoted below, under which "H…Leonensis comes" confirmed the donation to the abbey of St Melaine made by "pater meus G. vicecomes".  Vicomte de Léon.  "Herveus Leonensis Vicecomes" donated "juxta castrum meum…Mons-Relaxus" to Saint-Martin for a monastery by charter dated 3 Mar 1128, signed by "Hervei vicecomitis, Guihomar filii eius, Eudonis"[610].  He was a supporter of King Stephen after the king´s accession in England.  Created Earl of Wiltshire early 1140 or before[611].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "comes…Herveus gener regis" was driven from Devizes, dated to [1140/41][612].  Hervé left England whereupon his earldom reverted to the crown[613].  It is assumed that, after his return to Brittany, Hervé [I] continued to use the title “comes” (as demonstrated by the following two sources) because of the English earldom granted to him by King Stephen.  "H…Leonensis comes" confirmed the donation to the abbey of St Melaine made by "pater meus G. vicecomes" by undated charter, in the presence of “filiorum meorum, E...Albi et H. Leonensis ecclesiæ electi”, signed by “Ego H et ipsi duo filii mei[614].  The Guillelmi Armorici Historia records that "Herveus Comes Leoniæ…cum Guidomaro filio suo" were captured in 1163 and imprisoned "apud castellum Nini"[615].  ["Eudo Britannie comes" donated property to Saint-Martin de Josselin, with the consent of "fratrum meorum…Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche", witnessed by "Roaldo Dongie vicecomitis, Henrico de Arundelle, ---dio de Leon, Gaufredo de Monteforti", with the consent of "Alano de Rohan cognato meo", by charter dated 1164, witnessed by "…Stephanus frater meus…Guihomarus alterius filius de Leon…"[616].  It is possible that “---dio” in this document represents “Hervidio” (or similar) and therefore refers to Hervé [I] Vicomte de Léon.]  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1168 of "Herveus de Lehun" and the succession of "Guihomar filius eius"[617].  Kernévez and Bourgès suggest that Hervé [I] died after 1128 and that these last two sources refer to a supposed “Hervé [II]” who would have been the grandson of Hervé [I], son of Guyomar [III][618].  From a chronological point of view, this suggestion is unsustainable because of the 1171 murder of Hamon Bishop of Léon in which (according to Robert de Torigny, see below) the bishop´s brother (shown below as Guyomar [III]) and nephew (Guyomar [IV]) were involved.  In line with the Kernévez/Bourgès theory, Guyomar [IV] would have been the grandson of “Hervé [II]” and great-grandson of Guyomar [III].  However, Guyomar [IV] must have been at least a young adult at the time of the murder, placing his birth before 1155 at the latest, which appears inconsistent with his great-grandfather having subscribed the charter dated 3 Mar 1128.  m firstly --- (-before [1135/40]).  No record has been found of the identity of Hervé’s first wife.  The fact of this first marriage is confirmed by the subscription by Hervé’s son Guyomar [III] of the charter dated 3 Mar 1128 which is quoted above.  m secondly ([1135/40]) --- de Blois, [illegitimate] daughter of STEPHEN King of England & his [mistress ---].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Gesta Stephani Regis which records that "comes…Herveus gener regis" was driven from Devizes, dated to [1140/41][619].  It is possible that this daughter of King Stephen was Marie de Blois, the king´s legitimate daughter, to whom Hervé may have been betrothed as a child before she became a nun.  It is evident from the early betrothal of her older sister Mathilde that the king was eager to arrange marriages for his daughters with his supporters soon after his accession.  There is therefore no guarantee that Hervé’s wife was of the usual marriageable age (12 or older) at the time of the marriage.  Hervé [I] & his first wife had two children: 

i)          GUYOMAR [III] ([before 1120]-after 1179).  "Herveus Leonensis Vicecomes" donated "juxta castrum meum…Mons-Relaxus" to Saint-Martin for a monastery by charter dated 3 Mar 1128, signed by "Hervei vicecomitis, Guihomar filii eius, Eudonis"[620].  It is assumed that his inclusion in the witness list indicates that Guyomar [III] was not younger than about 8 years old at the time of this document.  Vicomte de Léon

-         see below

ii)         EUDES .  "Herveus Leonensis Vicecomes" donated "juxta castrum meum…Mons-Relaxus" to Saint-Martin for a monastery by charter dated 3 Mar 1128, signed by "Hervei vicecomitis, Guihomar filii eius, Eudonis"[621].  “Eudonis” is not specified in this document as “filii” of the donor.  However, the following document suggests that he may have been another son of Hervé [I].  [Elected archbishop of Albi, but presumably never installed as such.  "H…Leonensis comes" confirmed the donation to the abbey of St Melaine made by "pater meus G. vicecomes" by undated charter, in the presence of “filiorum meorum, E...Albi et H. Leonensis ecclesiæ electi”, signed by “Ego H et ipsi duo filii mei[622]Gallia Christiana does not include Eudes among the archbishops of Albi[623].] 

Hervé [I] & his [first/second] wife had [two] children: 

iii)        HAMON de Léon (-murdered 25 Jan 1171).  "H…Leonensis comes" confirmed the donation to the abbey of St Melaine made by "pater meus G. vicecomes" by undated charter, in the presence of “filiorum meorum, E...Albi et H. Leonensis ecclesiæ electi”, signed by “Ego H et ipsi duo filii mei[624]Bishop of Léon [1161].  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Léon, quarrelled with his brother Guyomar, sought refuge with Conan Duke of Brittany who restored him to his bishopric, but was murdered 25 Jan 1171, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[625].  Robert of Torigny records that "Hamo episcopus Leonensis" was killed in 1171 "per consilium ut dicunt Guihomari fratris sui vicecomitis Leonensis et junioris Guihomaris nepotis sui"[626].  Ralph de Diceto´s Ymagines Historiarum record that “in minori Britannia Hamo Leonensis episcopus” was killed “per Guidomarum filium fratris sui Guidomari[627]

iv)       [GUYOMAR (-after 1164).  "Eudo Britannie comes" donated property to Saint-Martin de Josselin, with the consent of "fratrum meorum…Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche", witnessed by "Roaldo Dongie vicecomitis, Henrico de Arundelle, ---dio de Leon, Gaufredo de Monteforti", with the consent of "Alano de Rohan cognato meo", by charter dated 1164, witnessed by "…Stephanus frater meus…Guihomarus alterius filius de Leon…"[628].  It is probable that the second witness was the half-brother of Guyomar [III], born from the second marriage of their father or illegitimate.] 

Guyomar [II] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

b)         HERVE (-after 3 Mar 1128).  "Herveus Leonensis Vicecomes" donated "juxta castrum meum…Mons-Relaxus" to Saint-Martin for a monastery by charter dated 3 Mar 1128, witnessed by "…Herveus frater bastardus vicecomitis…"[629]

 

 

GUYOMAR [III], son of HERVE [I] Vicomte de Léon & his first wife --- ([before 1120]-after 1179).  "Herveus Leonensis Vicecomes" donated "juxta castrum meum…Mons-Relaxus" to Saint-Martin for a monastery by charter dated 3 Mar 1128, signed by "Hervei vicecomitis, Guihomar filii eius, Eudonis"[630].  It is assumed that his inclusion in the witness list indicates that Guyomar [III] was not younger than about 8 years old at the time of this document.  "H…Leonensis comes" confirmed the donation to the abbey of St Melaine made by "pater meus G. vicecomes" by undated charter, signed by “Ego H et ipsi duo filii mei[631].  The Guillelmi Armorici Historia records that "Herveus Comes Leoniæ…cum Guidomaro filio suo" were captured in 1163 and imprisoned "apud castellum Nini"[632]Vicomte de Léon.  Robert of Torigny records the death in 1168 of "Herveus de Lehun" and the succession of "Guihomar filius eius"[633].  "Guidomarus…Leonensis dominus et uxor suo Nobilis filiique sui Guidomarus et Herveus" founded the abbey of Daoulas by undated charter[634].  Robert of Torigny records that the castle of "Guihomarum vicecomitem Leonensem" was captured by "Gaufridus regis Henrici" in 1179[635]

m NOBILIS, daughter of ---.  "Guidomarus…Leonensis dominus et uxor suo Nobilis filiique sui Guidomarus et Herveus" founded the abbey of Daoulas by undated charter[636]

Guyomar [III] & his wife had three children: 

1.         GUYOMAR [IV] ([before 1155]-[14 Mar 1216/18]).  "Guidomarus…Leonensis dominus et uxor suo Nobilis filiique sui Guidomarus et Herveus" founded the abbey of Daoulas by undated charter[637].  Robert of Torigny records that "Hamo episcopus Leonensis" was killed in 1171 "per consilium ut dicunt Guihomari fratris sui vicecomitis Leonensis et junioris Guihomaris nepotis sui"[638].  The birth date of Guyomar [IV] is estimated on the assumption that he was a young adult at the time of this murder.  Ralph de Diceto´s Ymagines Historiarum record that “in minori Britannia Hamo Leonensis episcopus” was killed “per Guidomarum filium fratris sui Guidomari[639].  Robert of Torigny records that "Guihummaro iuniori" was granted eleven parishes out of his father's territories after the castle of Léon was captured in 1179[640].  King John granted safe conduct to "Guiomar de Leonibus et Maencia uxor eius" by order dated 14 Mar 1216[641]m MARGILIA, daughter of --- (-after 1218).  King John granted safe conduct to "Guiomar de Leonibus et Maencia uxor eius" by order dated 14 Mar 1216[642].  Her marriage is confirmed by the Chronicon Britannicum which records the death in 1218 of "Herveus de Leonia, filius Margiliæ, de transmarinis partibus redeundo"[643].  Guyomar [IV] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         HERVE [ÌI] (-1218).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1218 of "Herveus de Leonia, filius Margiliæ, de transmarinis partibus redeundo"[644]m --- de Rohan, daughter of ALAIN [III] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Constance de Penthièvre.  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that a daughter of "Helenus de Roem" and his wife married "Arveus de Leon filius Guimar"[645]

b)         [CONAN de Léon Vicomte de Léon.]  m --- de Penthièvre, daughter of HENRI de Bretagne Comte de Tréguier & his wife Mathilde de Vendôme.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Conan & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUYOMAR [V] de Léon (-after 1238)The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

-         see below

2.         HERVE (-1208).  "Guidomarus…Leonensis dominus et uxor suo Nobilis filiique sui Guidomarus et Herveus" founded the abbey of Daoulas by undated charter[646].  Robert of Torigny records that "Gaufridus regis Henrici" kept "Herveo fratre eius" after "Guihummaro juniori" was allowed to inherit part of his father's property after their castle was captured in 1179[647].  Seigneur de Châteauneuf. 

-        see below

3.         JEANNE [Eléonore] de Léon .  Robert of Torigny records the marriage in 1167 of "comes Eudes" and "Guihunmanus filius Hervei vicecomes Leonensis…filiam" but does not name her[648]m (Aug 1167) as his second wife, EUDES Vicomte de Porhoët, son of GEOFFROY Vicomte de Porhoët & his wife Hadvise --- (-after 1180).  He succeeded in 1148 as EUDES Duke of Brittany, by right of his wife, but was deposed by his stepson in 1156 and taken prisoner by Raoul de Fougères. 

 

 

GUYOMAR [V] de Léon, son of [CONAN Vicomte de Léon & his wife --- de Penthièvre] (-after 1238).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  “Guidomarcus de Leone” confirmed his homage to Louis IX King of France for “toto feodo meo in Britannia” by charter dated May 1231[649]

m ---.  The name of Guyomar´s wife is not known. 

Guyomar [V] & his wife had one child: 

1.         HERVE [III] de Léon (-[1264/Nov 1265]).  "Herveus de Leonia" confirmed donations made to Saint-Mathieu by “pater meus” by charter dated 1228[650]Vicomte de Léon.  "Herveus vicecomes de Leonia" transferred “villa de Brest et castrum” to “Johannem ducem Brit. et com. Richem.” by charter dated Mar 1239[651].  The Chronicon Britannicum records in 1240 the war between "Joannem ducem Britanniæ" and “Herveum de Leonia[652].  A charter dated 7 Jun 1254 records a loan by "Herveo vicecomite Leonie" to "Johannes dux Britannie comes Richemondie"[653].  A charter dated 1262 records the settlement of a dispute between “Herveu de Leon sinnor de Chateunove chevaleir” and “Herveu le fiuz Guiomarc de Leon hequier[654]m MARGILIA, daughter of --- (-after Nov 1265).  “Hervé viconte de Leon” affirmed the customs of the port of Saint-Mahé to “Jahan duc Bretanne...o la volenté Margilie nostre mere la deguerpie Hervé nostre pere viconte de Leon jadis” by charter dated Nov 1265[655].  Hervé [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HERVE [IV] de Léon (-before Nov 1281)Vicomte de LéonHervé viconte de Leon” affirmed the customs of the port of Saint-Mahé to “Jahan duc Bretanne...o la volenté Margilie nostre mere la deguerpie Hervé nostre pere viconte de Leon jadis” by charter dated Nov 1265[656].  A charter dated Sep 1273 records the sale by "Herveus vicecomes Leonie" of various properties to pay a debt to a citizen of Guingamp[657]m (contract 5 May 1265) CATHERINE de Laval, daughter of GUY [VII] de Montmorency Sire de Laval & his first wife Philippa de Vitré (-1306 or after).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not been identified.  “Katerine de Laval jadis vicontesse de Leon” acknowledged receipt of payment made by “nostre...Seignour le Duc de Bretaigne” by charter dated Nov 1281[658].  The executors of the testament of Jean II Duke of Brittany assigned dower to "Katerine de Laval Dame de Landevran jadis Viscontesse de Leon", by charter dated Nov 1306[659].  Hervé [IV] & his wife had one child: 

i)          AME de Léon (-after 7 Jun 1298).  "Prigient de Quoitmain viconte de Tronquedoc et Ame fille…Hervé jadis visconte de Léon, fame audit Prigient" ratified the sale of the county of Léon to "Jahan jadis duc de Bretaigne" by charter dated 7 Jun 1298, which records her father as still living at the time[660]m PRIGENT de Coëtmen Vicomte de Tonquedec, son of ROLAND Vicomte de Tronquedec & his wife --- (-after 7 Jun 1298). 

b)         AME de Léon (-after Oct 1276).  "Rollant de Dinam chevalier et Ames a famme" ratified the sale of the county of Léon by the duke of Brittany by charter dated Oct 1276[661]m ROLAND de Dinan, son of --- (-after 1 May 1303). 

 

 

HERVE de Léon, son of GUIOMAR [III] Vicomte de Léon & his wife Nobilis --- (-1208).  "Guidomarus…Leonensis dominus et uxor suo Nobilis filiique sui Guidomarus et Herveus" founded the abbey of Daoulas by undated charter[662].  Robert of Torigny records that "Gaufridus regis Henrici" kept "Herveo fratre eius" after "Guihummaro juniori" was allowed to inherit part of his father's property after their castle was captured in 1179[663].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo”, and donated property “in Britannia et in Anglia...in episcopate Eliensi...ecclesiam de Fuleburne...”, witnessed by “Herveo de Leon, Herveo filio Comitis...”, a second version of the document dated 20 Jun 1184 recording the consent of “Alano et Guillelmo filiis meis”, and a third version, undated, the consent of “Margarita et Ælizia filiabus meis” (witnessed by “Eudone filio Comitis, Henrico fratre eius, Herveo de Leuns, Daniele Senescallo, Galterio filio Ruelloni...”)[664].  "Herveus de Leonia" confirmed the donations of property made by "H. de Leonia avi nostri…G. pater meus et N. mater mea et G. frater" to the church of Dol by charter dated 1186[665].  Seigneur de Châteauneuf. 

m ---.  The name of Hervé´s wife is not known. 

Hervé & his wife had two children: 

1.         HERVE de Léon (-1228).  m ---.  The name of Hervé´s wife is not known.  Hervé & his wife had one child: 

a)         HERVE de Léon (-1241).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1 May 1265 which records the settlement of a dispute between “Herveus filius Salomonis de Leonia miles” and “dominum Herveum de Leonia dominum Castri-novi”, referring to property “apud Minichi-Paul et apud Baz insulam ratione domini Hervei de Leonia quondam avi nostri” and the situation “tempore defunctorum domini Salamonis quondam patris nostri et Hervei de Leonia quondam patris dicti domini Hervei de Leonia domini Castri-novi[666].  The Chronicon Britannicum records in 1240 the death of "Herveus de Leonia filius Hervei...redeundo de partibus transmarinis"[667]m ---.  The name of Hervé´s wife is not known.  Hervé & his wife had one child: 

i)          HERVE de Léon (-after May 1281).  Seigneur de Châteauneuf.  A charter dated 1262 records the settlement of a dispute between “Herveu de Leon sinnor de Chateunove chevaleir” and “Herveu le fiuz Guiomarc de Leon hequier[668].  A charter dated 1 May 1265 records the settlement of a dispute between “Herveus filius Salomonis de Leonia miles” and “dominum Herveum de Leonia dominum Castri-novi”, referring to property “apud Minichi-Paul et apud Baz insulam ratione domini Hervei de Leonia quondam avi nostri” and the situation “tempore defunctorum domini Salamonis quondam patris nostri et Hervei de Leonia quondam patris dicti domini Hervei de Leonia domini Castri-novi[669].  “Herveus de Leonia miles dominus Castri-novi” reached agreement with the abbey of la Joie by charter dated May 1281[670].  Jean Duke of Brittany issued judgment against “Hervé de Leon chevalier seigneur de Chateauneuf et Hervé de Leon son fils chevalier...[et] Guillaume de Leon fils doudit Hervé le pere” who were suspected in the death of “Alain Nuz jadis chevalier” dated Feb 1296[671]m ---.  The name of Hervé´s wife is not known.  Hervé & his wife had three children: 

(a)       HERVE de Léon (-1304).  Jean Duke of Brittany issued judgment against “Hervé de Leon chevalier seigneur de Chateauneuf et Hervé de Leon son fils chevalier...[et] Guillaume de Leon fils doudit Hervé le pere” who were suspected in the death of “Alain Nuz jadis chevalier” dated Feb 1296[672]

-         see below

(b)       GUILLAUME de Léon .  Jean Duke of Brittany issued judgment against “Hervé de Leon chevalier seigneur de Chateauneuf et Hervé de Leon son fils chevalier...[et] Guillaume de Leon fils doudit Hervé le pere” who were suspected in the death of “Alain Nuz jadis chevalier” dated Feb 1296[673]m (contract 1301) CATHERINE de la Rochebernard, daughter of EON de la Rochebernard & his wife ---.  The marriage contract between "Eon Seigneur de la Rochebernard et Bernard son fiulz chevaliers...Catherine fille dou dit Eon et sœur au dit Bernard" and “monseignor Hervé de Leon seignor de Chateauneuf et Hervé de Leon son fiulz ainé chevaliers...Guillaume de Leon fiulz dudit Hervé de Chateauneuf” is dated 1301, which refers to property granted to "madame Amice de Leon fille dou dit monseignor Hervé de Leon et seur dou dit Guillaume de Leon en mariage"[674].  Guillaume & his wife had children: 

(1)       OLIVIER de Léon .  “Olivier fils monsour Guillaume de Leon chevalier” and “monsour Hervé de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon” reached agreement concerning “[le] maneir de Caledan” by charter dated May 1331[675]

(c)       AMICE de Léon .  The marriage contract between "Eon Seigneur de la Rochebernard et Bernard son fiulz chevaliers...Catherine fille dou dit Eon et sœur au dit Bernard" and “monseignor Hervé de Leon seignor de Chateauneuf et Hervé de Leon son fiulz ainé chevaliers...Guillaume de Leon fiulz dudit Hervé de Chateauneuf” is dated 1301, which refers to property granted to "madame Amice de Leon fille dou dit monseignor Hervé de Leon et seur dou dit Guillaume de Leon en mariage"[676]

ii)         CATHERINE de Léon .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m JUHAËL d´Avaugour, son of HENRI d'Avaugour ex-Comte de Penthièvre & his wife Marguerite de Mayenne. 

2.         SALOMON de Léon .  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1 May 1265 which records the settlement of a dispute between “Herveus filius Salomonis de Leonia miles” and “dominum Herveum de Leonia dominum Castri-novi”, referring to property “apud Minichi-Paul et apud Baz insulam ratione domini Hervei de Leonia quondam avi nostri” and the situation “tempore defunctorum domini Salamonis quondam patris nostri et Hervei de Leonia quondam patris dicti domini Hervei de Leonia domini Castri-novi[677]m ---.  The name of Salomon´s wife is not known.  Salomon & his wife had one child: 

a)         HERVE de Léon .  A charter dated 1 May 1265 records the settlement of a dispute between “Herveus filius Salomonis de Leonia miles” and “dominum Herveum de Leonia dominum Castri-novi”, referring to property “apud Minichi-Paul et apud Baz insulam ratione domini Hervei de Leonia quondam avi nostri” and the situation “tempore defunctorum domini Salamonis quondam patris nostri et Hervei de Leonia quondam patris dicti domini Hervei de Leonia domini Castri-novi[678]

 

 

HERVE de Léon, son of HERVE de Léon & his wife --- (-1304).  Jean Duke of Brittany issued judgment against “Hervé de Leon chevalier seigneur de Chateauneuf et Hervé de Leon son fils chevalier...[et] Guillaume de Leon fils doudit Hervé le pere” who were suspected in the death of “Alain Nuz jadis chevalier” dated Feb 1296[679]

m (contract Mar 1288) as her first husband, JEANNE de Rohan, daughter of ALAIN [VI] Vicomte de Rohan & his second wife Thomasse de la Rochebernard (-after Jun 1312).  The marriage contract between “Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier...Joane de Rohan...fille doudit vicomte...madame Ysabiau mere de lad. Joane” and “Hervé de Leon fuiz einzné et principal heir monsour Hervé de Leon” is dated Mar 1288[680].  She married secondly Pierre de Guergolé.  "Monseigneur Jehan de Guergollé" ratified the grant of payments to “Pierre de Guergollé...son pere...Janne femme doudit Pierres” by “Olivier Vicomte de Rohan chevalier frere de ladite Joane” by charter dated Apr 1312[681].  "Pierres de Guergolé ou nom de Joanne de Rohan sa femme…a l´octorité de Monsier Rolan de Guergolé son curatour" and “le Vicomte de Rohan freire de ladite Joanne” reached agreement on payments by charter dated early Jun 1312[682]

Hervé & his wife had children: 

1.         HERVE de Léon (-1337).  Seigneur de Noyon-sur-Andelle.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1337 of “dominus Herveus de Leonia dominus de Noyone[683]m (1307) JEANNE de Montmorency Dame de Fremerville et de Choissy, daughter of ERARD de Montmorency Seigneur de Conflans-Sainte-Honorine & his first wife Jeanne de Longueval (-1341).  Dominus D. Herveus de Leonia dominus de Noyone miles” and “domina D. Johanna de Montmorency domina de Fremerville mater sua et relicta defuncti Dom. Hervei de Leonia militis quondam maritis sui, patris dicti Hervei domini” agreed payments by charter dated 14 Oct 1337[684].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1341 of “domina Johanna de Montmorenci uxor quondam Hervæi de Leonia domini de Noyone militis[685].  Hervé & his wife had five children: 

a)         HERVE de Léon (-before 20 May 1349).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract, dated 19 Jun 1324, between "Hervé de Leon sire de Noion…Hervé de Leon nostre fiuz esné e principal hayr" and "Girart Chabot syre de Rays e de Marchecoul, chevalers…damaysele Margot fille aud. Girart"[686].  Seigneur de Noyon-sur-Andelle.  “Olivier fils monsour Guillaume de Leon chevalier” and “monsour Hervé de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon” reached agreement concerning “[le] maneir de Caledan” by charter dated May 1331[687].  “Monseigneur Guillaume de Leon chevalier Sire de Haqueville” and “monseigneur Herveu de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon sur Andelle...son oncle” reached agreement concerning money owed by charter dated 1332[688]Dominus D. Herveus de Leonia dominus de Noyone miles” and “domina D. Johanna de Montmorency domina de Fremerville mater sua et relicta defuncti Dom. Hervei de Leonia militis quondam maritis sui, patris dicti Hervei domini” agreed payments by charter dated 14 Oct 1337[689].  The testament of Hervé de Léon, dated  1340, refers to revenue from “domini de Derval ex defuncta Johanna quondam sorore nostra procreatis...in contractu matrimonii cum dicta defuncta sorore nostra”, and bequeathed property to “domini Johanni de Leonia cognato nostro...Oliverio de Leonia militi cognato nostro...sororium nostrum...dominum de Derval[690]m firstly (contract 19 Jun 1324) MARGUERITE Chabot, daughter of GERARD Chabot Sire de Rays & his wife Marie de Parthenay (-1333).  The marriage contract between "Hervé de Leon sire de Noion…Hervé de Leon nostre fiuz esné e principal hayr" and "Girart Chabot syre de Rays e de Marchecoul, chevalers…damaysele Margot fille aud. Girart" is dated 19 Jun 1324[691]m secondly (before [Mar] 1338) as her first husband, MARGUERITE d´Avaugour, daughter of HENRI [IV] Seigneur d'Avaugour & his wife Jeanne d'Harcourt dame de Laigle (-after 1375).  “Monsieur Hervé de Leon” and “Marguerite d´Avaugour sa femme fille de feu monsieur Henri d´Avaugour” claimed part of her father´s succession from “la Dame de Penthievre hoir principal audit sire d´Avaugour [...Charles de Blaes seignor de Penthevre et damiselle Jahanne sa fame Dame de Penthevre” by charter dated [Mar] 1338[692].  “Jeanne Duchesse de Bretagne, Vicomtesse de Limoges, Dame de Guise et de Maenne” granted rights to “nos...tantes les Dames de Leon et de Chateaubrient” relating to the family succession by charter dated 1 Sep 1348[693].  “Hervieu de Leon escuier Sire [de Noyon] fils de ladite Dame sous age conduit par...Erard de Leon chevalier son oncle et applegé par...Jehan de Leon son cousin” paid dower to “Marguerite d´Alvagor dame de Noyon” by charter dated 11 Jan 1355[694].  She married secondly Geoffroy de Vaulx.  Hervé & his second wife had three children: 

i)          HERVE de Léon (-after 21 Aug 1363).  A judgment dated 19 Mar 1349 confirmed rights of “Monsieur Guillaume du Chastellier et pour Dame Amice de Leon sa...compagne” against “Dame Marguerite d´Avaugour Dame de Leon tutrice...de Hervé Seigneur de Leon fils de la dite...Dame[695].  “Hervieu de Leon escuier Sire [de Noyon] fils de ladite Dame sous age conduit par...Erard de Leon chevalier son oncle et applegé par...Jehan de Leon son cousin” paid dower to “Marguerite d´Alvagor dame de Noyon” by charter dated 11 Jan 1355[696].  The testament of “Herveus de Leonia dominus de Noion”, dated 21 Aug 1363, bequeathed property to “Guillelmo Remondi...Herveo Remondi...sorori meæ dominæ de Guergorlé...Mariæ filiæ domini Erardi de Leonia[697]

ii)         JEANNE de Léon (-10 Sep 1372).  The marriage contract between “Vicomte de Rohan” and “Joane de Leon” is undated (but dateable to after Aug 1352 when the bridegroom succeeded to the vicecomital title)[698].  She succeeded her brother of Dame de Léon et Noyon.  “Jahan Viconte de Rohan” ratified the testament of “feue...Dame Jehanne n´agueres Dame de Leon et de Noïon Vicontesse de Rohan nostre compaigne” by charter dated 29 Aug 1373[699]m (after Aug 1352) as his first wife, JEAN Vicomte de Rohan, son of ALAIN [VII] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Jeanne de Rostrenen (-after 24 Feb 1395). 

iii)        MARIE de Léon .  The testament of “Herveus de Leonia dominus de Noion”, dated 21 Aug 1363, bequeathed property to “Guillelmo Remondi...Herveo Remondi...sorori meæ dominæ de Guergorlé...Mariæ filiæ domini Erardi de Leonia[700].  “Monsour Johan Vicomte de Rohan et Madame Johanne de Leon sa femme sur aînée de ladite Madame Marie” granted property to “Messire Jehan de Guergollé Sire de Guergollé et Madame Marie sa femme” relating to the succession of their brother “feu Hervé de Leon Seigneur de Noyon sur Andele” by charter dated 21 Jul 1367[701]

b)         ERARD de Léon .  “Monsieur Hervé de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon sur Andelle” granted property to “Erard de Leon son frere” under succession of “feu Monsier Hervé de Leon leur pere et...de Dame Jeanne de Montmorency leur mere” by charter dated May 1339[702].  “Hervieu de Leon escuier Sire [de Noyon] fils de ladite Dame sous age conduit par...Erard de Leon chevalier son oncle et applegé par...Jehan de Leon son cousin” paid dower to “Marguerite d´Alvagor dame de Noyon” by charter dated 11 Jan 1355[703]m ---.  The name of Erard´s wife is not known.  Erard & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARIE de Léon .  The testament of “Herveus de Leonia dominus de Noion”, dated 21 Aug 1363, bequeathed property to “Guillelmo Remondi...Herveo Remondi...sorori meæ dominæ de Guergorlé...Mariæ filiæ domini Erardi de Leonia[704]

c)         MATHILDE [Comtesse] de Léon (-after 11 Apr 1328).  The marriage contract between "Hervé de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon...Mahaut appellée Comtesse fille au dit Sire de Leon" and “Geffroi Seignour dou Pont-l´Abbè escuier...Hervé fils ainé au dit Seignour du Pont” is dated 1318[705].  A charter dated 11 Apr 1328 records that “Hervé de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon” granted property to “Hervé dou Pontlabbé o Comtesse sa fame fille doudit Monsour Hervé” by charter dated Nov 1327[706]m (contract 1318) HERVE du Pont-l´Abbé, son of GEOFFROY Seigneur du Pont-l´Abbé & his wife --- (-after 11 Apr 1328). 

d)         JEANNE de Léon (-after Nov 1327).  The marriage contract between “Monsieur Olivier Vicomte de Rohan” and “Jeanne fille aiennée Mons. Hervé de Leon” is dated Oct 1322[707].  “Hervé de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon” granted property to “Jeanne de Leon sa fille jadis viscomtesse de Rochan” by charter dated Nov 1327[708]m (contract Oct 1322) as his second wife, OLIVIER Vicomte de Rohan, son of ALAIN Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Thomasse de la Rochebernard (-1326). 

e)         AMICE de Léon (-after 21 Nov 1377).  Monsieur Hervé de Leon son frere” granted property to “Amice de Leon fille de feu monsieur Hervé de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon” under the succession of “dudit feu monsieur Hervé et de dame Jeanne de Montmorency, pere et mere desdits monsieur Hervé et Amice” by charter dated end Mar 1338[709].  The marriage contract between “Monsieur Olivier de Tinteniac” and “Amice de Leon...Monsieur Hervé de Leon frere esné de ladite Amice” is dated May 1343[710].  Philippe VI King of France confirmed to “le seigneur du Chastellier et Amice de Leon sa femme” rights under the marriage contract between “Olivier de Tinteniac et de Amice de Leon sueur feu Hervé de Leon” by charter dated 20 May 1349[711].  A judgment dated 19 Mar 1349 confirmed rights of “Monsieur Guillaume du Chastellier et pour Dame Amice de Leon sa...compagne” against “Dame Marguerite d´Avaugour Dame de Leon tutrice...de Hervé Seigneur de Leon fils de la dite...Dame[712].  Charles V King of France confirmed privileges to “Jehan Seigneur de Chastelier chevalier...et Amice [sa mere]”, granted under the marriage contract of “feu Olivier de Tinteniac jadis chevalier et de Amice de Leon sa femme”, the latter being married secondly to “feu Guillaume jadis Seigneur du Chastelier chevalier”, by charter dated 21 Nov 1377[713]m firstly (contract May 1343) OLIVIER de Tinteniac, son of ---.  m secondly (before 20 May 1349) GUILLAUME Seigneur de Chastellier, son of --- (-before Nov 1377). 

2.         --- de Léonm ---.  One child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Léon .  “Monseigneur Guillaume de Leon chevalier Sire de Haqueville” and “monseigneur Herveu de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon sur Andelle...son oncle” reached agreement concerning money owed by charter dated 1332[714]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    NANTES

 

 

A.      COMTES de NANTES

 

 

1.         RICHWIN (-killed in battle Fontenoy 25 Jun 851).  The Annales Bertiniani record "Richuinus [comes]" among those captured in 844 at the siege of Toulouse against Pepin II King of Aquitaine[715].  The Chronicle of Nantes records that "Richuwinus" was appointed Comte de Nantes after the death of Lambert in [834][716].  The cartulaire of Redon records "tenente Richovino comptatum Namneticum"[717]

 

 

1.         RENAUD (-killed in battle Blain 24 May 843).  Comte d'Herbauges.  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Rainoldus comes Arbatilicensis" was defeated by the Vikings "mense Septembri" at "Herio insula" and fled, dating the event to five years after "Odo Aurelianianorum comes" was killed (834)[718].  Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks granted property "in pago Wilchissino…Cormilias quem Reginaldus comes in beneficio habebat" to "fideli nostro…Gailino" by charter dated 842[719].  The Chronicle of Nantes records that "Rainaldo" was given "comitatum Namneticum et Pictavensem" in [841], and killed in battle after which Lambert was restored as Comte de Nantes[720]Comte de Nantes.  The Chronicle of Nantes records that "Rainaldus, eximius Karoli dux, genero Aquitanicus, Namneticæ urbis comes" fought "super fluvium Vicenoniam in loco…Meciacus" in 843[721].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Rainoldus Arbatilicensis comes" was defeated and killed by "Lanberto Nannetis comite"[722].  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Lamberti comitis" was granted Nantes after "Rainaldo…comite Nannetensium" was killed in 843 fighting "Herispoium, Noremoi filium at alios Britannos apud Metiacum"[723].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that "Rainaldus comes Arbatilicensis" was killed by "Lamberto Namnetis comite" in 844[724]m ---.  The name of Renaud's wife is not known.  Renaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         HERVE (-killed in battle [844/45]).  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that "Bernardus comes Pictavensis et Arveus filius Rainaldi" were killed fighting "Lamberto comite" in 845[725].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Bernardus comes Pictavinus et Arueus filius Rainoldi" were defeated and killed by "Lanberto comite" the year after Hervé's father was killed[726]

 

 

1.         LAMBERT, son of LAMBERT I Marchese and Duke of Spoleto & his wife [--- of Italy] (-killed in battle 1 May 852, bur Savenai).  He established himself as Comte de Nantes in 843, asserting his independence from Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, and distributed the honores of the Breton march among his supporters.  The Chronicle of Nantes records how "Lambertus" acquired the county of Nantes in 843[727].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Rainoldus Arbatilicensis comes" was defeated and killed by "Lanberto Nannetis comite", but that Nantes was captured "a Wefaldingis" in the same year[728].  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Lamberti comitis" was granted Nantes after "Rainaldo…comite Nannetensium" was killed in 843 fighting "Herispoium, Noremoi filium at alios Britannos apud Metiacum"[729].  "Vivianus comes" donated property "in pago Andecavense secus fluvium Ligeris…Cunaldus" to Tournus Saint-Philibert by charter dated 27 Dec 845, signed by "Lambertus comes, Raino…"[730].  He was deprived of Nantes in Jul 846 by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the Franks and given the county of Anjou in exchange[731].  He was subsequently charged by the official charged by the king with the protection of these territories[732].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Nomenoius dux" captured and destroyed "Redonas civitatem et Nannetis" before returning to Brittany, the event being dated from the context to the early 850s[733].  The Annales Engolismenses record that "Lambertus" was killed "852 Kal Mai" by "Gausberto"[734].  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Lanbertus comes Nannetansium" was killed by "Gauzberto Cenomannensium comite", the event being dated from the context to the early 850s[735].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that "Lambertus comes Namnetensium" was killed fighting "Gauberto comite Cenomannensium" in 852[736].  The Chronicon Fontanellensis names "Lambertus comes et Wernarius frater eius" when recording that they fought in Brittany and that Werner was captured by "Gausberto comite"[737]Regino names "Lambertus qui ducatum tenebat inter Ligerim et Sequanam" recording in 860 that he killed "Vivianum", but was himself killed by "Gauzbertus comes", the latter being beheaded by "iussi Caroli"[738].  He was killed on the orders of King Charles II, and was succeeded in the Breton march by Count Vivian, lay abbot of Tours[739].  Lambert was buried "apud Saponarias Andagavensis territorii"[740]m ([850/51]) ROTRUDE, daughter of ---.  "Witbertus…comes" donated property at Ornois to the abbey of Tournus, for the souls of "Lanberti genitoris mei necnon et Rutrudis genetricis meæ", by charter dated 28 Jan 870[741].  Hlawitschka suggests that she was Rotrude, daughter of Emperor Lothaire I, as her son's charter dated 28 Jan 870 records that the property he donated to the abbey of Tournus had been granted to his father by Emperor Lothaire[742].  However, the copy of the charter reproduced in the Histoire de Tournus, cited above, states that the property had been donated to Wicbert by "senioris mei Hlotharii Regis".  Lambert & his wife had one child: 

a)         WICBERT [Witbert] (-murdered 883).  "Witbertus…comes" donated property "Rodonionem…in comitatu Odornensi" (Ornois), donated to him by "senioris mei Hlotharii Regis", to the abbey of Tournus, for the souls of "Lanberti genitoris mei necnon et Rutrudis genetricis meæ", by charter dated 28 Jan 870[743].  [Comte d'Ornois.]  The Annales Fuldenses names "Wicberto comite fraudulentissimo" when recording advice he gave to Charles III King of the East Franks regarding a Viking attack in 882[744].  "Hildebertus filius quondam Berengarii comitis" donated property "res…mee in comitatu Vuabrinse prope fluvio…Cherus villam…Beuram" for "germano meo Berengario" to Verdun Sainte-Vanne by charter dated 18 Sep 882, subscribed by "Stephanus comes, Matfridus comes, Witpertus comes"[745]Regino names "Stephanus, Ruodbertus, Wicbertus, Thietbaldus comites, Albricus et frater eius Stephanus" recording that they opposed "Hugo filius Hlotharii" in France in 883, specifying that Wicbert was killed by Hugo[746]m (883) as her third husband, FRIDERADA, widow firstly of ENGUERRAND, secondly of BERNARIUS, daughter of ---.  Regino names "Friderada" as wife of "Engilrammo ex qua filiam quam postmodem Richwinus comes in coniugem accepti", also referring to her subsequent marriages[747].  The Chronico Saxonico records that "Hugo filius Lotharii Regis" had "Wicbertum comitem" murdered and married his wife "Frideradam" in 883[748].  She married fourthly (883) Hugues, illegitimate son of Lothaire II King of Lotharingia.  Wicbert & his wife had one child: 

i)          WICBERT .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  895. 

 

 

JUDICAËL de Nantes, illegitimate son of HOËL Comte de Nantes & his mistress --- ([978/80]-1005).  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Judicael et Hoel" as the sons of Hoël "d'une concubine" stating that they were brought up by their paternal grandmother[749]Comte de Nantes

m MELISENDE, daughter of --- .  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   

Judicaël & his wife had two children: 

1.         JUDITH de Nantes (-1063, bur Saint-Guénolé de Landevenec).  The Chronicon Briocensi names "Judith…filia Juhelli quondam comitis Nannetensis" as wife of "Alani Cagnart" and mother of "Hoellus Dux"[750].  "Benedictus episcopus atque comes" founded the monastery of Locmaria de Quimper, later confirmed by "Alanus comes filius Benedicti supradicti" (witnessed by "…femina ipsius comitis Iudeth…"), by charter dated to [1022/38] which also records a later donation by "Alanus comes et uxor illius Iudeth…et filiæ suæ Hodiernæ abbatissæ", witnessed by "Hoel…filius eiusdem comitis…Moruan vicecomes…"[751].  "Alanus comes nobilis Cornubensium partium" donated property to Landévennec by an undated charter, affirmed by "conjugis Iudett"[752].  An undated charter dated to [1031/55] records a donation to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by "Alano principe…uxor eiusdem consulis, religiosa domina et mater nostra Judith comitissa, filia…Judicaelis Nannetensium comitis", in the presence of "domini sui"[753].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death in 1063 of "Iudith Comitissa Cornugalliæ"[754].  The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1063 of "Judith comitissa Cornugallie"[755].  A fragmentary chronicle in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records that "comitissa Judith" lived for six years as a nun after her husband died and was buried "in ecclesia Sancti Guingualoei"[756]m ALAIN "Caignart" Comte de Cornouaïlle, son of BENEDICT Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Guinodeon (-4 Jun 1058, bur Church of Notre-Dame, next to Saint-Corentin). 

2.         BUDIC de Nantes (-after 16 Jun 1038).  A charter dated [1038/41] records that "postquam…Judicael peremptus est, Budicus eius filius" succeeded to his father's honours and names "sueque conjugis Hadouis et…duorum filiorum suorum Mathathiæ et Mathiæ"[757].  The Chronicle of Nantes names "Budicus…filius Judicæli comitis Namnetensis…ex concubina natus" when recording that he was installed as Comte de Nantes[758]Comte de Nantes.  "Budicus civitatis Nannetice comes et uxor mea Adois" donated "ecclesiam in honore sanctorum Cirici et Julite matris eius" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by charter dated 16 Jun 1038 signed by "Budici comitis, Adois uxoris eius, Robaldi comitis, Judicalis vicarii, Drovaloi vicecomitis…"[759].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1037 of "Budicus comes"[760]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  "Budicus civitatis Nannetice comes et uxor mea Adois" donated "ecclesiam in honore sanctorum Cirici et Julite matris eius" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by charter dated 16 Jun 1038[761].  A charter dated [1038/41] records that "postquam…Judicael peremptus est, Budicus eius filius" succeeded to his father's honours and names "sueque conjugis Hadouis et…duorum filiorum suorum Mathathiæ et Mathiæ"[762].  Budic & his wife had three children: 

a)         MATHATHIAS de Nantes .  A charter dated [1038/41] records that "postquam…Judicael peremptus est, Budicus eius filius" succeeded to his father's honours and names "sueque conjugis Hadouis et…duorum filiorum suorum Mathathiæ et Mathiæ"[763]

b)         MATHIEU de Nantes (-1051).  Comte de NantesA charter dated [1038/41] records that "postquam…Judicael peremptus est, Budicus eius filius" succeeded to his father's honours and names "sueque conjugis Hadouis et…duorum filiorum suorum Mathathiæ et Mathiæ"[764].  "Mathias civitatis Nannetice comes" confirmed the donation of "monasterium Sancti Cyrici, foris murum Nannetis situm" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, for the souls of "patris mei Budici comitis et matris mee Adois comitisse", by charter dated 25 Mar (no year), witnessed by "Rodardi vicecomitis…Drovalloi vicecomitis…Judicalis comitis"[765].  "Alani comitis comitisseque Constantie" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 1089, witnessed by "Mathias comes Namnetis…Eudo vicecomes, Radulfus anglicus comes, Radulfus de Fulgeres…Budicus frater Hoelli comitis"[766].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1051 of "Mathias comes", another manuscript naming him "Mathias Comes Nannetensis, cui successit Hoëllus frater eius"[767]

c)         BUDIC .  "Glavihennus" donated property to "S. Sergio" by undated charter, dated at Nantes "regnante Heinrico Rege", witnessed by "Matthie comitis, Budici comitis fratris Mathie…Rivalloni filii vicecomitis…"[768]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de CLISSON

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Clisson (-after 1212).  Seigneur de la Banaste.  “Willelmus de Clicho dominus Banastie” donated “domum meam...in castro Machacolli” to Coudrie, with the consent of “Aimericus de Clicho filius meus et Willelmus Acairies et uxor sua Petronilla filia mea”, by charter dated 1212[769].  m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

a)         AIMERY de Clisson .  “Willelmus de Clicho dominus Banastie” donated “domum meam...in castro Machacolli” to Coudrie, with the consent of “Aimericus de Clicho filius meus et Willelmus Acairies et uxor sua Petronilla filia mea”, by charter dated 1212[770]

b)         PETRONILLE de Clisson .  “Willelmus de Clicho dominus Banastie” donated “domum meam...in castro Machacolli” to Coudrie, with the consent of “Aimericus de Clicho filius meus et Willelmus Acairies et uxor sua Petronilla filia mea”, by charter dated 1212[771]m GUILLAUME Acairies, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         OLIVIER de Coché (-after 1232).  Seigneur de la Banaste.  “Oliverius Ceoche dominus Banastie” reached agreement with Coudrie concerning “nemore de Lozelerem”, with the consent of “uxoris mee Petronille tunc temporis domine Binastie”, by charter dated 1232[772]m PETRONILLE, daughter of --- (-after 1232).  “Oliverius Ceoche dominus Banastie” reached agreement with Coudrie concerning “nemore de Lozelerem”, with the consent of “uxoris mee Petronille tunc temporis domine Binastie”, by charter dated 1232[773].  Her name suggests that she may have been descended from Pétronille, daughter of Guillaume de Clisson Seigneur de la Banaste who is named above, and that her husband inherited the seigneurie of la Banaste through her.  Olivier & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARQUISE [Amicie] de Coché (-1268, bur Villeneuve-lez-Nantes)The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Dame de Coché.  m ([1250]) as his first wife, OLIVIER [I] de Braine Seigneur de Machecoul, son of PIERRE I "Mauclerc" Duke of Brittany & his second wife Nicole --- ([1231/32]-1279, bur Villeneuve-lez-Nantes). 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Clisson (-before 1225).  m as her first husband, CONSTANCE de Pontchâteau, daughter of --- (-1244).  She married secondly Hervé Seigneur de Blain.  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

a)         OLIVIER [I] de Clisson (-[before 16 Mar 1261/1 Mar 1262]).  A charter dated Oct 1254 records an agreement between "Eudo de Ponte et --- de Fresneio frater eius milites" and “Johannes dux Britannie comes Richemundiæ...cum Oliverio de Cliceon milite fratre nostro” concerning land “quas possidemus in terra de Ponte Castri ratione nostri beneficii[774]It appears likely that Olivier was a different person from the duke´s Olivier de Braine dit de Machecoul as the latter was, by the time of the date of this charter, referred to in other sources as “de Machecoul”.  The date of the first charter in which his son is named (see below) also indicates that Olivier de Clisson could not have been the same person as Olivier de Machecoul.  Seigneur de Clisson.  An arrêt of the Parlement de Paris (undated) records that "Comite Britanniæ" disseised “dominus Oliverius de Clicon” from “castro de Clicon” by charter dated Feb 1259[775].  A charter dated 1261 records the settlement of the dispute between “Olivier seignor de Clicon chevalier” and “Jahan Duc de Bretagne[776].   m PLAISOU de La Roche-Derrien, illegitimate daughter of CONAN de La Roche-Derrien & his mistress --- (-after 1269).  Olivier [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          OLIVIER [II] de Clisson ([1238/42]-[1307]).  Seigneur de Clisson.  “Olivier de Clicon eschuier e seingnor de Clicon” acknowledged a loan from “mon…Seingnor Jahan Duc de Bretaigne” by charter dated 16 Mar 1261 or 1 Mar 1262 (“le jour de Mercredy prochien aprés Invocavit l´an 1261” – either O.S. or N.S.)[777].  A charter dated early Jun 1265 records the settlement of a dispute between “Olivier seigneur de Cliçon vallet” and “Eon seigneur du Pont chevalier” concerning “la forest du Pont[778]m ---.  The name of Olivier´s wife is not known.  Olivier [II] & his wife had one child: 

(1)       OLIVIER [III] de Clisson (-1320)Seigneur de Clisson

-         see below

 

 

OLIVIER [III] de Clisson, son of OLIVIER [II] Seigneur de Clisson & his wife --- (-1320)Seigneur de Clisson

m (before 1300) ISABELLE de Craon, daughter of MAURICE [V] Sire de Craon & his wife Mathilde Berthout van Mechelen (-30 Jul 1350).  She married secondly Henri d´Antoing Seigneur d´Antoing.  “Olivier sires de Cliçon tuteur de nostre...cousin Amalri de Craon” acknowledged receipt of payment from “Jouhan Vilainne et Clemens Pelicon commissaires dou Roy” relating to “les terres monsour Jouhan de Chalon...pour partie de la porveance doudit Amalri et de sa suer...que ledit monsour Jouhan tenoit pour cause de bail pour raison de madame Marguerite de Mello sa femme mere desdits Amalri et sa suer” by charter dated Nov 1336[779]

Olivier [III] & his wife had two children: 

1.         OLIVIER [IV] de Clisson (-beheaded 9 Aug 1343)Seigneur de Clisson.  “Olivier sires de Cliçon tuteur de nostre...cousin Amalri de Craon” acknowledged receipt of payment from “Jouhan Vilainne et Clemens Pelicon commissaires dou Roy” relating to “les terres monsour Jouhan de Chalon...pour partie de la porveance doudit Amalri et de sa suer...que ledit monsour Jouhan tenoit pour cause de bail pour raison de madame Marguerite de Mello sa femme mere desdits Amalri et sa suer” by charter dated Nov 1336[780].  Jean III Duke of Brittany bequeathed property to “nostre...cousin monsieur Olivier Sire de Clicon” under his codicil dated 29 Apr 1341[781]m firstly (contract May 1320) BLANCHE de Bouville, daughter of JEAN de Bouville Sire de Bouville, de Farcheville et de Milly-en-Gâtinais & his wife Marguerite de Bommiers (-1329).  The marriage contract between "Jehan Conte de Roucy chevalier et Marguerite de Bosmes sa fame" and “Olivier de Cliczon et Blanche de Bouville fille de feu Jehan de Bouville chevalier et de lad. Marguerite jadis sa fame”, under which the latter couple made commitments towards “Jehanne de Bouville suer de ladite Blanche et fille dud. feu et de lad. Contesse jadis sa fame, quant elle ara douze ans” and organised the dower of “la mere dudit Olivier”, is dated May 1320[782]m secondly as her third husband, JEANNE de Belleville, widow firstly of GEOFFROY [VIII] Seigneur de Châteaubriand and separated wife secondly of GUY de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre, daughter of MAURICE de Montaigu Seigneur de Belleville-sur-Vie & his wife Letice de Parthenay (-before 30 Dec 1359).  “Jehanne dame de Cliçon et de Belleville” confirmed receipt of payment from “Macé --- nostre chastelain de Chasteaum---” by charter dated 18 Oct 1342[783].  She married fourthly Walter de Bentele.  Edward III King of England confirmed “loca de Beauvoir, Ampant, la Barre, la Baye et de Castel-Noef” to “Walterus de Bentele...ac...Johannæ tunc uxoris eius dominæ de Bella-villa et de Clizon”, and “Oliverius dominus de Clizon” requested rights over properties “tam prædictus Walterus quam præfata Johanna mater eiusdem Oliverii cujus hæres...est”, by charter dated 30 Dec 1359[784].  Olivier [IV] & his first wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN de Clisson (-1346).  Seigneur de MillyRichemond states that Jean died childless and bequeathed Milly to his cousin Isabelle de Meulan[785]

Olivier [IV] & his second wife had children: 

b)         OLIVIER [V] de Clisson (Clisson 23 Apr 1336-Château de Josselin 23 Apr 1407)Seigneur de Clisson.  “Messire Olivier Sire de Cliçon et...Madame Beatrix de Laval sa femme” exchanged property with “la Baronnie...du Tuit” by charter dated 14 May 1370[786].  Connétable de France 1380.  Comte de Porhoët.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death 21 Apr 1407 of “Oliverius de Clicio[787]m firstly (contract 12 Feb 1361) BEATRIX de Laval, daughter of GUY [X] de Laval Sire de Laval et de Vitré & his wife Beatrix de Bretagne (-after 14 May 1370).  “Messire Olivier Sire de Cliçon et...Madame Beatrix de Laval sa femme” exchanged property with “la Baronnie...du Tuit” by charter dated 14 May 1370[788].  “Messire Olivier Sire de Cliçon et...Madame Beatrix de Laval sa femme” exchanged property with “la Baronnie...du Tuit” by charter dated 14 May 1370[789]m secondly as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Rohan, widow of JEAN [IV] Seigneur de Beaumanoir, daughter of ALAIN [VII] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Jeanne de Rostrenen (-after 14 Dec 1406).  Olivier [V] & his first wife had two children: 

i)          BEATRIX de Clisson (-1448)m ALAIN [VIII] Vicomte de Rohan, son of JEAN [I] Vicomte de Rohan & his first wife Jeanne de Léon (-25 Jul 1429). 

ii)         MARGUERITE de Clisson (-1441)m (20 Jan 1387) JEAN [I] de Châtillon-Blois Comte de Penthièvre, son of CHARLES de Châtillon Comte de Blois & his wife Jeanne de Bretagne Ctss de Goello et de Penthièvre Dss of Brittany (-16 Jan 1404). 

2.         MATHILDE de Clisson .  Dame des Essarts.  m SAVARY [III] de Vivonne Seigneur de Thors, de La Faye et d´Aubigny, son of SAVARY [II] de Vivonne Seigneur de Bougoin & his wife Eschive Dame de Thors ([1300]-1367). 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de MACHECOUL

 

 

Machecoul is situated in the present-day French département of Loire-Atlantique, south-west of Nantes.  The seigneurie of Machecoul was inherited by the family of the sires de Rays some time in the second half of the 12th century.  After the death in [1213/14] of the last male member of the family, Machecoul, together with the seigneurie of La-Roche-sur-Yon, was inherited by his sister Béatrix who married, as her second husband, Aimery de Thouars.  Her daughter Jeanne inherited Machecoul (see POITOU, VICOMTES de THOUARS) but died childless in [1258/30].  In the meantime, it appears that a rival claim emerged to Machecoul.  Blanchard records that Philippe VI King of France confiscated the seigneurie de La Roche-sur-Yon on the death in 1235 of Béatrix de Machecoul, but that it was regranted soon afterwards to Béatrix´s daughter Jeanne.  Blanchard notes a charter dated Jul 1239 under which "Margarita domina Gasnapie, Montis Acuti et Machecolii", who was the second wife of Pierre I ex-Duke of Brittany, confirmed a donation to Buzay[790].  He speculates that the French king must have confiscated Machecoul at the same time as La-Roche-sur-Yon and, instead of regranting it to Jeanne de Thouars, granted it to the duke of Brittany who would then have granted it to his third wife by way of dower.  After the death of Marguerite without issue at the end of 1241, ex-duke Pierre must have resumed possession of Marguerite´s properties, including Machecoul which he then granted to Olivier, his son by his second wife.  Blanchard quotes several primary source documents which name Oliver as seigneur de Machecoul in the 1250s[791].  However, a series of documents dated between 1258 and 1269 demonstrates that the dispute with Jeanne de Thouars and her heirs concerning the right to the seigneurie de Machecoul must have continued to fester since 1235.  After the death of Jeanne in 1258, her distant relative Eustachie dame de Rays and her husband Gérard [I] Chabot (see POITOU, CHABOT) claimed Machecoul and the documents indicate that Olivier relinquished the seigneurie under the terms of the settlement which was agreed.  In 1276, the oldest grand-daughter of Gérard [I] Chabot was married to Olivier´s oldest son and heir, who later consolidated all the rights to Machecoul which remained in his family until the death in the mid-15th century of his last descendants in the male line. 

 

 

1.         BERNARD de Machecoul, son of RAOUL Sire de Rays & his wife Marie Talevat (-17 Mar [1212]).  Blanchard states that Bernard de Machecoul was the only son of Raoul Sire de Rays and that he inherited the seigneurie de Machecoul from his father, while the seigneurie de Rays passed to Bernard´s first cousin Harscoët [III], but from the sources which he cites it is unclear which one provides the basis for this reported affiliation[792].  "Bernardus Machecolli dominus et Sancti Philiberti" is named in two charters of Geneston[793].  “Willelmus de Malileone” donated property the church of Saint-Léon, with the consent of “Bernardus de Macheco et Beatrix uxor mea et Eblonius filius meus”, by charter dated 1208[794].  “Bernardus dominus Machecolli” confirmed previous donations to Coudrie, with the consent of “filio meo Radulpho de Machecol”, by charter dated 1211[795]m ELEONORE de Tonnay, daughter of RAOUL "le Vieux" Seigneur de Tonnay & his wife ---.  "Bernardus dominus Machecoli" donated property to the priory of Saint-Lazare near Machecoul, with the consent of "Aenord femme de Bernard, Raoul, Bernard et Béatrix ses enfants", by charter dated 1185[796].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1217 in whch her daughter "Béatrix de Machecoul, fille de Bernard" is named "la petite-fille de Raoul le Vieux Seigneur de Tonnay et la nièce de Raoul le Jeune Seigneur de Tonnay et de Luçon", by charter dated 1185[797].  Bernard & his wife had three children: 

a)         RAOUL de Machecoul (-[Dec 1213/early 1214]).  "Bernardus dominus Machecoli" donated property to the priory of Saint-Lazare near Machecoul, with the consent of "Aenord femme de Bernard, Raoul, Bernard et Béatrix ses enfants", by charter dated 1185[798].  “Bernardus dominus Machecolli” confirmed previous donations to Coudrie, with the consent of “filio meo Radulpho de Machecol”, by charter dated 1211[799].  “Radulphus dominus Machacolli” donated “quarteronium de la Roncineria et...de la Font closa et...de la Gruetera” to Coudrie, for the soul of “fratris mei Bernardi”, by charter dated 1212[800]m --- de Mauléon, daughter of RAOUL de Mauléon & his wife Alix Chabot.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by an order dated 17 Jun 1215 under which King John granted "terris que fuerunt predicti Radulfi" to "Eymico Beket" on his marriage with "filia Radulfi Macheko quem genuit ex sorore Sauar de Malo Leon", noting that "soror ipsius Rad quem Eymicus fil Vic Thoarc" married is "propinquior heres…eiusdem Radulfi", dated 17 Jun 1215[801].  It is unlikely that this daughter was the same person as Eustachie, widow of Hugues [III] Vicomte de Châtellerault, as her descendants are not named in Eustachie´s charter dated Oct 1239 which names her deceased daughter Clémence.  Raoul & his wife had one child: 

i)          daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by an order dated 17 Jun 1215 under which King John granted "terris que fuerunt predicti Radulfi" to "Eymico Beket" on his marriage with "filia Radulfi Macheko quem genuit ex sorore Sauar de Malo Leon", noting that "soror ipsius Rad quem Eymicus fil Vic Thoarc" married is "propinquior heres…eiusdem Radulfi", dated 17 Jun 1215[802]m ([17 Jun 1215]) AIMERY Becket, son of ---. 

b)         BERNARD de Machecoul (-[before 1212]).  "Bernardus dominus Machecoli" donated property to the priory of Saint-Lazare near Machecoul, with the consent of "Aenord femme de Bernard, Raoul, Bernard et Béatrix ses enfants", by charter dated 1185[803].  “Radulphus dominus Machacolli” donated “quarteronium de la Roncineria et...de la Font closa et...de la Gruetera” to Coudrie, for the soul of “fratris mei Bernardi”, by charter dated 1212[804]

c)         BEATRIX de Machecoul (-1235, bur Fontenelles).  "Bernardus dominus Machecoli" donated property to the priory of Saint-Lazare near Machecoul, with the consent of "Aenord femme de Bernard, Raoul, Bernard et Béatrix ses enfants", by charter dated 1185[805].  Dame de la Roche-sur-Yon.  “Willelmus de Malo Leone tunc temporis dominus de terra Roche” donated property the church of Saint-Léon, with the consent of “domini Bernardi de Machecou qui terram illam cum filia sua mihi dedit et...Beatricis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[806].  “Willelmus de Malileone” donated property the church of Saint-Léon, with the consent of “Bernardus de Macheco et Beatrix uxor mea et Eblonius filius meus”, by charter dated 1208[807].  "Willelmus de Malleone, Talemondo princeps et domini" donated property to Talmond abbey, with the consent of "dominus Savaricus de Malleone nepos meus et heres", by charter dated 1211, witnessed by "dominus Radulphus de Macheco dominus Lucionii" whose sister married "dominus Guillelmus de Malleone"[808].  "Beatrix domina de Rupe super Oionem" donated property to Talmond abbey, for the soul of "domini Guillelmi de Malleone sponsi mei nuper defuncti", by charter dated Mar 1214[809].  "Beatrix domina de Macheco" confirmed donations to Marmoutier made by "Bernardi patris mei et domini de Macheco" by charter dated 1214[810].  "Johannes de Dolo dominus de Combor" recorded donations of property to Vieuville, with the consent of "uxore mea Alienor", by charter dated Apr 1214[811].  Her parentage and second marriage are indicated by an order dated 17 Jun 1215 under which King John granted "terris que fuerunt predicti Radulfi" to "Eymico Beket" on his marriage with "filia Radulfi Macheko quem genuit ex sorore Sauar de Malo Leon", noting that "soror ipsius Rad quem Eymicus fil Vic Thoarc" married is "propinquior heres…eiusdem Radulfi", dated 17 Jun 1215[812]"Beatriz filia Bernardi de Macheco, eiusdem castri de Macheco et Lucionio domina" and "Aimericus dominus de Machecollo et de Lucionio" issued charters dated 1217[813]"Aymericus de Thoarcio dominus Machicolii et…Beatrix uxor sua" donated "domum de la Vacherece" to "abbas…Beate Marie de Calma", with the consent of "Johanne filie nostre", by charter dated 1230[814].  "Beatrix domina de Machecoul et de Lucionio…in extrema voluntate posita" donated property to the abbey of Fontenelles by charter dated 1235[815]m firstly ([1201/08]) as his second wife, GUILLAUME de Mauléon, son of EBLES de Mauléon & his wife Eustachie --- (-27 Feb 1214).  m secondly (1214) AIMERY [VIII] de Thouars, son of AIMERY [VII] Vicomte de Thouars & his first wife Cécile [Sibylle] de Laval (-1246). 

 

 

OLIVIER [I] de Braine dit de Machecoul, son of PIERRE I "Mauclerc" Duke of Brittany & his second wife Nicole --- ([1231/32]-1279, bur Villeneuve-lez-Nantes).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 10 Mar 1258 under which "Jehan duc de Bretaigne conte de Richemont" confirmed an agreement between "Morice de Belle Ville, par raison de Jehanne sa femme, dame de la Roche sur Yon et de Luçon" and "Olivier nostre frère" concerning "la terre de Machecoul et de Saint Philbert"[816].  The identity of his mother is confirmed by an epitaph at Villeneuve which records the burial of "Nicolle, la mère monsour Olivier de Machecou"[817].  [Seigneur de Machecoul.]  A charter dated 1252 records the presence of "Oliverius dominus Machecolii"[818].  "Jehan duc de Bretaigne" confirmed the agreement between "Girart Chabotz et Eustaice sa femme, fille…Raoul de Rays, feu" and "Olivier dit de Machecoul" concerning "la terre de Machecoul et de Saint Philbert de Grant Lieu", such that the Chabot couple would hold all the land of "Morice de Belleville et…Jehanne sa femme, feu", by charter dated Sep 1260[819].  "Morice de Belleville sgr de la Gasnache et de Montagu" and "Girart Chabotz vallez sgr de Rays" reached agreement concerning "le chasteau de Machecoul…o l´ommage de Saint Philbert de Grant Lieu, que messire Olivier de Machecoul tient de nous" concerning "la terre de Machecoul et de Saint Philbert", by charter dated 27 Mar 1269[820]

m firstly ([1250]) MARQUISE [Amicie] dame de Coché, daughter of OLIVIER de Coché & his wife Pétronille --- (-1268, bur Villeneuve-lez-Nantes).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

m secondly (1269) EUSTACHIE de Vitré Dame de Huguetières, daughter of ANDRE [III] Seigneur de Vitré & his second wife Thomasse de Poëncy (-1288, bur Villeneuve-lez-Nantes).  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the marriage contract between "Girart Chaboz cher sgr de Rays et…Eustace de Vitré dame de Huguetieres…Ysabeau fille de lui et de…Jehanne de Craon sa femme" and "Olivier de Machecoul filz a lad…Eustaice", dated 7 Jun 1284, which provides for "Thomasse fille a lad. madame Eustaice" to become a nun[821]

Olivier & his first wife had one child: 

1.         JEAN de Coché ([1255]-1308).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract between "Girardus Chaboz militis domini Radesiarum…Eustachia filia nostra" and "Johanni de Cocheio filio…Oliverii de Machecolio militis domini Benaste", dated Jan 1276[822], Jean´s name indicating that he was born from his father´s first marriage.  Seigneur de Coché.  Seigneur de Machecoul.  A charter dated 2 Feb 1290 records the settlement of a dispute between "dominum de Castro Briencii et Ysabellim de Machecolio eius uxorem, nomine et racione dicte uxoris" and "Girardum Chaboz et Johannem de Machecolio milites" concerning property held by "Oliverius de Machecolio, armiger, frater dicte Ysabellis…tempore quo vivebat"[823]m (contract Jan 1276) EUSTACHIE Chabot, daughter of GERARD [II] Chabot Sire de Rays & his first wife Emma de Nogent-le-Rotrou Dame de Château-Gonthier (-after Mar 1285).  The marriage contract between "Girardus Chaboz militis domini Radesiarum…Eustachia filia nostra" and "Johanni de Cocheio filio…Oliverii de Machecolio militis domini Benaste" is dated Jan 1276, and included property "terra de Castrogonterii"[824], the latter reference indicating that Eustachie was born from her father´s first marriage.  "Girart Chabotz chevalier sire de Rays et de Machecoul" donated income from "Port Durant à Coiron en Chevecher", previously enjoyed by "Brient Beuf ot en mariaige o…Bellassez jadiz sa femme, seur dud…Girart", to "Jehan de Coché, vallet, sgr de la Benaste et Eustaice sa femme, fille dud…Girart", and to Eustachie "la terre dever feue Anne jadis sa mère" while reserving rights to "Jehan de Beaumont et Jehanne de Pancé sa femme, fille de lad. Anne et seur à lad. Eustaice", by charter dated Mar 1285[825]

-        SEIGNEURS de MACHECOUL[826]

Olivier & his second wife had three children: 

2.         OLIVIER [II] de Machecoul ([1273]-before 2 Feb 1290).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract between "Girart Chaboz cher sgr de Rays et…Eustace de Vitré dame de Huguetieres…Ysabeau fille de lui et de…Jehanne de Craon sa femme" and "Olivier de Machecoul filz a lad…Eustaice", dated 7 Jun 1284, which includes an agreement between "Olivier et Jehan de Souché son frère" and provides for "Thomasse fille a lad. madame Eustaice" to become a nun[827].  A charter dated 2 Feb 1290 records the settlement of a dispute between "dominum de Castro Briencii et Ysabellim de Machecolio eius uxorem, nomine et racione dicte uxoris" and "Girardum Chaboz et Johannem de Machecolio milites" concerning property held by "Oliverius de Machecolio, armiger, frater dicte Ysabellis…tempore quo vivebat"[828]m (contract 7 Jun 1284) ISABELLE Chabot, daughter of GERARD [II] Chabot Sire de Rays & his second wife Jeanne de Craon.  The marriage contract between "Girart Chaboz cher sgr de Rays et…Eustace de Vitré dame de Huguetieres…Ysabeau fille de lui et de…Jehanne de Craon sa femme" and "Olivier de Machecoul filz a lad…Eustaice" is dated 7 Jun 1284, and includes an agreement between "Olivier et Jehan de Souché son frère" and provides for "Thomasse fille a lad. madame Eustaice" to become a nun[829].  "Jehanne de Craon dame de Rays" consented to the marriage arranged by "nostre…espoux…Girart Chaboz cher sire de Rays et de Machecoul" between "Ysabeau nostre fille o Olivier de Machecoul, vallet" by charter dated 9 Dec 1284[830]

3.         ISABELLE de Machecoul (-after 14 Mar 1310).  A charter dated 2 Feb 1290 records the settlement of a dispute between "dominum de Castro Briencii et Ysabellim de Machecolio eius uxorem, nomine et racione dicte uxoris" and "Girardum Chaboz et Johannem de Machecolio milites" concerning property held by "Oliverius de Machecolio, armiger, frater dicte Ysabellis…tempore quo vivebat"[831].  A charter dated 10 Aug 1290 records homage required of "domino de Castro Briencii…racione uxoris sue" to "Girardi Chabot militis" following the death of "Oliverius de Machecou"[832].  A charter dated 14 Mar 1310 records an agreement between "Girart Chabot cher, sgr de Rays et de Machecoul" and "Ysabeau de Machecoul dame des Huguetieres et de Vioreau"[833]m GEOFFROY [VII] Seigneur de Châteaubriand, son of GEOFFROY [VI] Seigneur de Châteaubriand & his first wife Bellassez de Thouars (-27 Mar 1301). 

4.         THOMASSE de Machecoul .  Her parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract between "Girart Chaboz cher sgr de Rays et…Eustace de Vitré dame de Huguetieres…Ysabeau fille de lui et de…Jehanne de Craon sa femme" and "Olivier de Machecoul filz a lad…Eustaice", dated 7 Jun 1284, which provides for "Thomasse fille a lad. madame Eustaice" to become a nun[834]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    PENTHIEVRE

 

 

A.      COMTES de GOËLO et de PENTEVR

 

 

The county of Goëlo lay on the northern coast of Brittany, centred on Château-Goëlo.  Information has been found in the primary sources about only three counts in this county.  It is not known whether they belonged to the same family.  The territory of the county of Goëlo constituted the central part of the county of Penthièvre which was formed in the early 11th century (see Part B).  Penthièvre was the name given to the fief, granted in [1034/36] to Eudes de Bretagne younger son of Geoffroy I Duke of Brittany, which lay along the northern coast of Brittany from the river Couesnon in the east to Morlaix in the west, and included the territory of the bishoprics of Dol, Aleth, Saint-Brieuc and Tréguier[835]

 

 

1.         MORWETEN (-after 9 Jul 871).  "…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[836].  La Borderie suggests that Morweten was comte de Goëlo, but this appears to be by process of elimination of the other known Breton counts and counties in the 9th century[837]

 

2.         NOMINOE (-after 958).  "Nemenoci comitis, Hoiellaguni comitis" subscribed a charter of Saint-Florent de Saumur dated 958[838].  "Numinoæ comitis…Jestin vicecomitis…" signed a donation to Landevenec by "vir…stemate regalium ortus…Moysen" by undated charter dated to the mid-10th century[839]

 

3.         HOEL-LAGUN (-after 958).  "Alanus dux Britonum" donated property to Landevenec by undated charter, dated to [940/50], witnessed by "Alan dux, Iudhæel comes…Houuel comes…Iestin vicecomes, Diles vicecomes…"[840].  "Nemenoci comitis, Hoiellaguni comitis" subscribed a charter of Saint-Florent de Saumur dated 958[841]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de PENTHIEVRE

 

 

EUDES de Bretagne, son of GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany & his wife Havise de Normandie (-Cesson 1079, bur Saint-Brieuc).  Guillaume of Jumièges names “Emma...secunda Hadvis...tertia Mathildis” as the three daughters of Richard and his wife “Gunnor ex nobilissima Danorum prosapia ortam”, adding that Havise married “Goiffredo Britannorum comiti” by whom she had “Alanum et Eudonem duces[842].  A charter dated 1008 records that, after the death of "Gaufrido comite Britanniæ", "filii eius Alanus et Eudo cum matre eorum Hadeguisia" restored the abbey of Saint-Méen[843].  "Alanus et Egio Britannorum monarchi" founded the priory of Livré "in pago Redonensi" by charter dated to [1013/22], signed by "…Aduise matre eorum comitum, Rivalloni vicarii, Triscanni…"[844].  A charter dated 1026 recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", recalling that "quo defuncto, Alanus filius eius…renum patris suscipiens", witnessed by "Alanus comes…Heudo frater eius"[845].  He appears to have ruled Brittany jointly with his brother until the death of their mother in 1034.  Following disputes with his brother, a division of territories was agreed, Eudes taking the dioceses of Dol, Saint Malo, Saint Brieuc and Tréguier, at which time he can be said to have become Comte de Penthièvre.  "Manigenius…miles" founded the priory of Saint-Cyr-lès-Rennes and donated it to Tours Saint-Julien by charter dated 23 May 1037, subscribed by "Alanus dux…Eudonis fratris Alani ducis Britannorum, Gotzelini vicecomitis, Rualentis domini Doli…"[846].  After the death of his brother in 1040, Eudes seized Brittany and excluded his nephew, succeeding as EUDES I Duke of Brittany.  According to Orderic Vitalis, Eudes ruled the country "freely without acknowledging any lord for 15 years"[847].  However, his nephew retaliated, captured Eudes and imprisoned him in chains[848].  "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[849].  "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[850].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1079 of "Eudo Dux Britanniæ"[851]

m ORGUEN [Agnes] de Cornouaïlle, daughter of ALAIN "Caignard" Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Judith de Nantes .  "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[852].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

Mistresses (1) - (x): ---.  The names of Eudes's mistresses are not known. 

Comte Eudes & his wife had six children:

1.         GEOFFROY "Boterel" de Bretagne (-killed in battle Dol 24 Aug [1091/93], bur Saint-Brieuc).  "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[853].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1084], cited below, which confirms that he was the brother of Brien, combined with Guillaume de Jumièges naming Brien's parents (see below).  He succeeded his father as Comte de Penthièvre et de Tréguier.  The Chronicon Briocensi records that, after the death of his father, "Gaufridus filius Eudonis" rebelled against "Conanus Dux" but was forced to flee[854].  "Gauffredus comes filius Eudonis comitis" founded the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by charter dated 1083, signed by "Gauffredus ipse comes, Rotbertus frater eius…Haimo vicecomes…"[855].  "Geoffrey count of the Bretons called Boterel" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur with the consent of "all his brothers namely Brientius comes Angliæ terræ, and Alan Rufus his successor and another Alan who was called Niger, this third succeeded him in the kingdom" by charter dated to [1084][856].  The Chronicon Britannico records that "Gaufredus Botherel" was killed in 1091[857].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records that "Gaufredus Comes" was killed "apud castrum Dolense" in 1092[858].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records that "Comes Gaufridus filius Eudonis Ducis" was killed in 1093 "IX Kal Sep…apud Dolum, Archiepiscopatum Britanniæ"[859]m ---.  The name of Geoffroy's wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had [one child]: 

a)         [CONAN (-killed in battle Antioch 9 Feb 1098).  Albert of Aix names "…domnus Alens cognomine Fercans, Conans quoque, ambo principes Brittanorum…" among those who took part in the siege of Nikaia, dated to mid-1097 from the context[860].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Conanus quoque Brito filius Gaufredi comitis" took part in the siege of Nikea in 1097[861].  He may have been the son of Geoffroy Comte de Penthièvre.  However, if this is correct, it is puzzling that no record has been found of his holding the county of Pe nthièvre after his father.] 

2.         ALAIN "Rufus/the Red" de Bretagne (-4 Aug 1093, bur Bury St Edmunds).  "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[862].  It is not known whether "Alanus" in this charter refers to Alain "Rufus" or to Alain "Niger".  The fact that only one of these sons is named in this document suggests that the other was illegitimate.  For the purpose of presentation in this document, it has been assumed that the illegitimate son was Alain "Niger", who succeeded to the honours in Yorkshire after the death of his [half-]brother Alain "Rufus", but this is not beyond all doubt.  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ names "Alanum…Rufum…Alanus Niger…Stephanus" as the three sons of "Eudo Comes Britanniæ", stating that Alain "Rufus" came to England with "Willelmo bastard Duce Normanniæ" who awarded him the "honorem et Comitatum Comitis Edwini in Eborakshire…Richmundshire" and built "castrum Richemont" but died childless and was buried "apud S Edmundum"[863].  He is said to have commanded the Breton contingent, with his brother Alain "the Black", at the battle of Hastings in 1066.  He was granted land in Yorkshire by William I King of England, where he built the castle of Richmond.  A manuscript which records the foundation of York St Mary records that “comes…Alanus nobiliorum Britanniæ prosapia exortus, Eudonis…comitis Britanniæ filius” founded “ecclesiam in honore S. Olavi…juxta civitatem Eboraci” and in 1088 founded the abbey on “burgum…extra civitatem juxta ipsam civitatem[864].  “Comes Alanus Rufus” donated property to Swavesey Abbey, Cambridgeshire, for the soul of “patris sui Eudonis comitis”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Ribaldus et Bardulfus fratres comitis…[865].  He commanded the king's garrison in Normandy at the time of the siege of the castle of Sainte-Suzanne in [1083/85][866].  "Omnes fratres eius: Briennius…comes Anglice terre et Alanus Rufus eius…successor…alter Alanus qui et Niger dicebatur…tertius successit in regno et quidam qui sororem eius bastardam uxorem duxerat Enisandus de Pleveno" witnessed the charter dated 1084, relating to the foundation of the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Gauffredus Britannorum comes qui et Boterellus cognominabatur"[867].  "Geoffrey count of the Bretons called Boterel" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur with the consent of "all his brothers namely Brientius comes Angliæ terræ, and Alan Rufus his successor and another Alan who was called Niger, this third succeeded him in the kingdom" by charter dated to [1084][868]MistressGUNHILD, illegitimate daughter of HAROLD II King of England & his mistress Eadgyth Swanneshals (-after 1093).  Alan abducted Gunhild, daughter of Harold II King of England, from Wilton Abbey and lived with her[869].  Alain & his mistress had [one possible illegitimate child]: 

a)         [MATHILDE Richard Sharp suggests that the wife of Walter [I] de Aincourt was the [illegitimate] daughter of Alain "Rufus" de Bretagne Lord of Richmond & his mistress Gunhild ---[870].  This is based on her apparent royal ancestry which is indicated in the epitaph which records the death of her son "Wi[llelmus] filius Walteri Aiencuriensis…regia styrpe progenitus"[871].  It should be noted that the epitaph ("Wi[llelmus] filius Walteri Aiencuriensis consanguinei Remigii episcopi Lincolniensis…prefatus Willelmus regia styrpe progenitus") distinguishes between Walter’s relationship with the bishop of Lincoln and William’s being “regia styrpe progenitus”, which indicates that the latter connection must come from his mother’s family.  Some of the property which she donated to York St Mary was previously held by Alain "Rufus" (including Little Abington in Cambridgeshire, which he had acquired with the lands of "Eddeva Pulcra").  m WALTER [I] de Aincourt, son of --- (-[1103]).] 

3.         GUILLAUME de Bretagne .  "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[872]

4.         ROBERT de Bretagne (-after 1083).  "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[873].  "Gauffredus comes filius Eudonis comitis" founded the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by charter dated 1083, signed by "Gauffredus ipse comes, Rotbertus frater eius…Haimo vicecomes…"[874]

5.         RICHARD de Bretagne .  "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[875]

6.         ETIENNE de Bretagne ([1058/62]-21 Apr [1135/36], bur York, St Mary or Saint-Brieuc).  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ names "Alanum…Rufum…Alanus Niger…Stephanus" as the three sons of "Eudo Comes Britanniæ", stating that Etienne succeeded his brother "in honorem Richemundiæ", dying "Id Apr…1164"[876].  His absence from the charter dated to [1056/60], witnessed by "comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…"[877], suggests that he was born after the date of the document or must have been too young to have subscribed it.  This hypothesis is also consistent with his death in [1135/36], when he would have been around 75 years old if he had been born towards the end of his father´s life.  He succeeded his brother Geoffroy (or Geoffroy's son) [in 1093] as Comte de Penthièvre, and in his other lands in Brittany.  He succeeded his brother Alain "the Black" as Lord of Richmond in Yorkshire. 

-        see below

Comte Eudes had [eight] illegitimate children by Mistresses (1) - (x): 

7.          BRIEN [Brient] de Bretagne (-maybe 14 Feb ----).  Guillaume of Jumièges records that ”Briennus...Eudonis ducis Britanniæ minoris filius” crushed the rebellion of “duo filii Heraldi regis” who had returned to England from exile in Ireland[878].  The absence of Brien in the charter dated to [1056/60], witnessed by "comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…"[879], suggests that he was illegitimate.  He is said to have commanded a band of Bretons, with his brother Alain, at the battle of Hastings 1066.  Appointed Lieutenant in south-west England by King William I.  Orderic Vitalis records that “duo filii Heraldi regis Angliæ” had fled “ad Dyrmetum regem Hiberniæ” after their father was killed and, with his support, landed at Exeter with 66 ships, ravaged the interior of the country, but were defeated by “Briennius Eudonis comitis Britanniæ minoris filius et Guillelmus Gualdi” and fled back to Ireland[880].  Probably deposed after the rebellion of Ralph de Gaël in 1075.  "Geoffrey count of the Bretons called Boterel" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur with the consent of "all his brothers namely Brientius comes Angliæ terræ, and Alan Rufus his successor and another Alan who was called Niger, this third succeeded him in the kingdom" by charter dated to [1084][881].  "Omnes fratres eius: Briennius…comes Anglice terre et Alanus Rufus eius…successor…alter Alanus qui et Niger dicebatur…tertius successit in regno et quidam qui sororem eius bastardam uxorem duxerat Enisandus de Pleveno" witnessed the charter dated 1084, relating to the foundation of the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Gauffredus Britannorum comes qui et Boterellus cognominabatur"[882].  He lived the remainder of his life as a semi-invalid in Brittany[883]

8.          ALAIN "Niger/the Black" de Bretagne (-1098[884]).  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ names "Alanum…Rufum…Alanus Niger…Stephanus" as the three sons of "Eudo Comes Britanniæ", stating that Alain "Niger" succeeded his brother "in honorem Richemundiæ" but died childless[885].  The mention of only one legitimate son named Alain in the charter dated to [1056/60], witnessed by "comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…"[886], suggests that the other son named Alain was illegitimate.  For the purpose of presentation in this document, it has been assumed that the illegitimate son was Alain "Niger", who succeeded to the honours in Yorkshire after the death of his [half-]brother Alain "Rufus", but this is not beyond all doubt.  "Geoffrey count of the Bretons called Boterel" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur with the consent of "all his brothers namely Brientius comes Angliæ terræ, and Alan Rufus his successor and another Alan who was called Niger, this third succeeded him in the kingdom" by charter dated to [1084][887].  "Omnes fratres eius: Briennius…comes Anglice terre et Alanus Rufus eius…successor…alter Alanus qui et Niger dicebatur…tertius successit in regno et quidam qui sororem eius bastardam uxorem duxerat Enisandus de Pleveno" witnessed the charter dated 1084, relating to the foundation of the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Gauffredus Britannorum comes qui et Boterellus cognominabatur"[888].  He succeeded his brother Alain "Rufus/the Red" as Lord of Richmond in Yorkshire.  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of “ecclesiam de Gillinge” by “Alanus comes Niger[889].  MistressGUNHILD, illegitimate daughter of HAROLD II King of England & his mistress Eadgyth Swanneshals (-after 1093).  Gunhild, his brother's mistress, may have lived with him after her first lover's death[890]

9.          [DERIEN .  Seigneur de la Roche-Derien.  No primary source has been found which confirms the parentage of this person.  Du Paz (whose work is of dubious reliability as it includes numerous obvious errors) records “Derien, qui fit bastir un chasteau, de luy nommé la Roche-Derien, en la terre et seigneurie qui luy fut baillée en partage” as a son of Comte Eudes but cites no primary source on which the information is based[891]Lobineau names “un bastard nommé Derien” as one of the sons of Eudes[892].  He cites no source which confirms Derien´s parentage, but presumably bases his assumption of Derien´s illegitimacy on the following charter:  Ex parte comitis...Deriandus bastardus...” subscribed the undated charter under which “Gaufredus Britannorum comes qui et Boterellus cognominabatur” donated “veterem Lambalam...” to Marmoutiers[893].  However, this document gives no indication of the parentage of the subscriber Derien and other parts of the same document suggest that he was not the son of Eudes at all:  after the subscription list, a final clause in the document indicates that “omnes fratres eius Brientius...comes Anglicæ terræ et Alanaus Rufus eius...successor, atque alter Alanus qui et Niger dicebatur, hic etiam tertius successit in regno, et quidam qui sororem bastardam uxorem duxerat, Guisandus de Pleveno”.  Despite the phrase “omnes fratres eius”, the list is not exclusive as the donor´s brother Alain, who must have been living at the time, is not included.  However, the omission of Derien is surprising, if he had been another brother of the donor, because his subscription shows his presence at the donation.] 

10.       BODIN (-after 1086).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  In Yorkshire 1086.  He became a monk of St Mary's soon after 1086 and gave all his holdings to his brother Bardulf[894]

11.       RIBALD Ribaldus frater comitis” donated property to St Mary, York, for the soul of “Alani comitis et Beatricis uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[895].  Comes Alanus Rufus” donated property to Swavesey Abbey, Cambridgeshire, for the soul of “patris sui Eudonis comitis”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Ribaldus et Bardulfus fratres comitis…[896]

-           UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY - MIDDLEHAM. 

12.       BARDULFComes Alanus Rufus” donated property to Swavesey Abbey, Cambridgeshire, for the soul of “patris sui Eudonis comitis”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Ribaldus et Bardulfus fratres comitis…[897].  In Yorkshire.  m ---.  The name of Bardulf´s wife is not known.  Bardulf & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         ACARIAS (-after [1130]).  A manuscript history of Joreval Abbey records that Akarius filius Bardolfi” founded the abbey[898].  Alanus comes Britanniæ et Angliæ” confirmed the foundation of Joreval Abbey by “Akarius filius Bardolfii” and donated property to the abbey[899].  According to Domesday Descendants, he was ancestor of the FITZHUGH family of Ravensworth[900]

b)         [SCOLLAND (-after [1130]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was steward to his father's half-brother Stephen of Richmond[901].] 

13.       ARNALD .  He occurs in charters of his half-brother Alain "Niger"[902]

14.       daughter"Omnes fratres eius: Briennius…comes Anglice terre et Alanus Rufus eius…successor…alter Alanus qui et Niger dicebatur…tertius successit in regno et quidam qui sororem eius bastardam uxorem duxerat Enisandus de Pleveno" witnessed the charter dated 1084, relating to the foundation of the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Gauffredus Britannorum comes qui et Boterellus cognominabatur"[903].  Lobineau´s reproduction of the same charter names “Guisandus de Pleveno[904], which seems to be a more likely name.  m GUISAND de Pleveno, son of ---. 

 

 

ETIENNE de Bretagne, son of EUDES de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre & his wife Orguen [Agnès] de Cornouaïlle ([1058/62]-21 Apr [1135/36], bur York, St Mary or Saint-Brieuc).  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ names "Alanum…Rufum…Alanus Niger…Stephanus" as the three sons of "Eudo Comes Britanniæ", stating that Etienne succeeded his brother "in honorem Richemundiæ", dying "Id Apr…1164"[905].  His absence from the charter dated to [1056/60], witnessed by "comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…"[906], suggests that he was born after the date of the document or must have been too young to have subscribed it.  This hypothesis is also consistent with his death in [1135/36], when he would have been around 75 years old if he had been born towards the end of his father´s life.  He succeeded his brother Geoffroy (or Geoffroy's son) [in 1093] as Comte de Penthièvre, and in his other lands in Brittany.  He succeeded his brother Alain "the Black" as Lord of Richmond in Yorkshire in 1098.  “Stephanus comes Britanniæ” donated property to Rumburgh priory, for the souls of “comitissa Haudewisa…filiorum meorum et filiarum…Galfridi…Alani, Henrici” by undated charter[907]

m HAVISE de Guingamp, daughter of ---.  “Stephanus comes Britanniæ” donated property to Rumburgh priory, for the souls of “comitissa Haudewisa…filiorum meorum et filiarum…Galfridi…Alani, Henrici” by undated charter[908].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Henricus, comitis Stephani filius" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "patris…et fratris Stephani…et Alani comitum, matris…mee Hadvise", by charter dated 1148[909]

Comte Etienne & his wife had six children:

1.         GEOFFROY "Boterel" [II] de Penthièvre (-1148).  The undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour states that "le comte Estienne" had three children “Geffroi, Alain et Henri aieul de cest Henri ci-dessus”, adding that Geoffroy succeeded his father who granted him “Lamballe et tout Pentevre” and was in turn succeeded by “son fils Rivallon[910].  “Stephanus comes Britanniæ” donated property to Rumburgh priory, for the souls of “comitissa Haudewisa…filiorum meorum et filiarum…Galfridi…Alani, Henrici” by undated charter[911].  He founded the abbey of Bégard, diocese of Tréguer, Brittany, in 1130[912].  Seigneur de Lamballe.  He succeeded his father in [1135/36] as Comte de Penthièvre, but quarrelled with his brother over their father's inheritance.  The Gesta Stephani Regis names "Boterellus quidam comes Britanniæ" among the supporters of Empress Matilda in the English civil war[913].  He left England whereupon his earldom reverted to the crown[914].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1148 of "Gaufridus Comes Boterellus"[915][916]m HAWISE de Dol, daughter of JEAN [I] de Dol-Combour & his wife --.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by an undated charter which records that "Johannes dominus Dolensis cum Noga matre mea" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "comite Stephano nepote nostro" [her grandson][917].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified, although she is named “H” in the charter of her son dated 1152.  Comte Geoffroy & his wife had one child:

a)         RIVALLON de Penthièvre (-[1154]).  The undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour states that "le comte Estienne" had three children “Geffroi, Alain et Henri aieul de cest Henri ci-dessus”, adding that Geoffroy succeeded his father who granted him “Lamballe et tout Pentevre” and was in turn succeeded by “son fils Rivallon[918].  "R….Britannie comes" donated property to Saint-Melaine de Rennes, for the souls of "patris mei G. et matris mee H.", by charter dated 1152[919].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Penthièvrem ---.  The name of Rivallon´s wife is not known.  Rivallon & his wife had three children: 

i)          ETIENNE de Penthièvre (-1164).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, although it is indicated by the undated charter quoted below.  Du Paz names “Estienne Comte de Lambale...fils aisné de Riualon premier”, adding that he and his brother Geoffroy confirmd their father´s donation of “leur usage en la forest de Lanmur” to Saint-Aubin des Bois (the date “1093” being added in the margin, which is surprising considering the chronology of the family) but does not cite the source reference[920].  He succeeded his father in 1154 as Comte de Penthièvre.  "Johannes dominus Dolensis cum Noga matre mea" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "comite Stephano nepote nostro", by undated charter[921].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1164 of "Stephanus Comes…leprosus"[922]

ii)         GEOFFROY "Boterel" [III] de Penthièvre (-after [1204]).  He succeeded his brother in 1164 as Comte de Penthièvre.  "G. comes Boterellus comitis Riwalloni filius" confirmed the donations to St Aubin des Bois made by "antecessores major G. comes Boterellus et comes Rivalonus et subsequens comes Stephanus" by charter dated 1177[923].  "Gaufridus de Lamballia, comes, filius Rivalloni comitis" confirmed donations made to St Aubin des Bois by "Gaufridus comes Boterel avus meus et comes Rivallonus pater meus" by undated charter[924].  He ceded Penthièvre to his cousin Alain de Bretagne in [1204]: the undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour states that "Geffroi comte de Lamballe fils [de] Rivallon" granted “Pentevre et son droit de primogeniture en toute la terre qu´il avoit en Bretagne” to “Alain fils [de] Henri” before the French king, with the consent of “ses neveux, enfans de O. Tournemine et d´Edie sa sœur[925]

iii)        EDIE de Penthièvre .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour which states that "Geffroi comte de Lamballe fils [de] Rivallon" granted “Pentevre et son droit de primogeniture en toute la terre qu´il avoit en Bretagne” to “Alain fils [de] Henri” before the French king, with the consent of “ses neveux, enfans de O. Tournemine et d´Edie sa sœur[926]m GEOFFROY Tournemine, son of ---. 

2.         ALAIN "le Noir" de Penthièvre (before 1100-in Brittany 15 Sep 1146, bur Bégard Monastery).  The undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour states that "le comte Estienne" had three children “Geffroi, Alain et Henri aieul de cest Henri ci-dessus”, adding that Alain was sent to England and was “comte de Richemont” and was in turn succeeded by “son fils Rivallon[927].  “Stephanus comes Britanniæ” donated property to Rumburgh priory, for the souls of “comitissa Haudewisa…filiorum meorum et filiarum…Galfridi…Alani, Henrici” by undated charter[928].  The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ names "Alanum" as son of "Stefanus frater…Alani", stating that he succeeded his father "in honorem Richemundiæ", dying "in Britannia III Kal Apr…1166" and his burial "apud Begar"[929].  He succeeded his father in [1135/36] as Lord of Richmond in Yorkshire.  "Alan comes et indigena of England and count of Brittany" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Sauvigny by charter dated to [1137/46], subscribed by "…Hainrico fratre meo…"[930].  He supported King Stephen in the English civil war[931].  Seigneur de Guingamp.  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1146 of "Alanus Comes in Anglia atque in Britannia"[932].  The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death in 1146 of "Alanus Niger, Conani Ducis gener"[933].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1146 of "Alanus Niger Comes"[934]m ([1137]) as her first marriage, BERTHE de Bretagne, daughter of CONAN III Duke of Brittany & his wife Matilda, illegitimate daughter of Henry I King of England (-[1162/67).  The undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour states that "le comte Estienne" had three children “Geffroi, Alain et Henri aieul de cest Henri ci-dessus”, adding that Alain was sent to England, was “comte de Richemont”, and on his return married “la fille de Conan comte de Rennes[935].  “Stephanus comes Britanniæ” donated property to Rumburgh priory, for the souls of “comitissa Haudewisa…filiorum meorum et filiarum…Galfridi…Alani, Henrici” by undated charter[936].  Her first marriage is suggested by the Chronicon Kemperlegiensis which records the death in 1146 of "Alanus Niger, Conani Ducis gener"[937].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1148 of "Conanus Dux Britanniæ" and records that he had disinherited "Hoellus…suum…filium" and that he appointed as his successor "Eudone Vicecomite Porhoëtensi" who had married "sororem eius Bertam"[938].  She married secondly (1148 or before) Eudon Vicomte de Porhoët, who was recognised as Duke of Brittany on the death of Conan III in 1148.  Mistress (1): ---.  The names of Alain's mistress is not known.  Alain "le Noir" & his wife had four children:   

a)         CONAN de Penthièvre ([1138]-18 or 20 Feb 1171, bur Bégard Monastery).  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini names "Conanus junior, comes Britanniæ, Alani comitis filius et Berta mater eius comitissa" when recording his death[939].  He succeeded as CONAN IV "le Petit" Duke of Brittany

-        DUKES of BRITTANY

b)         CONSTANCE de Penthièvre ([1138/46]-after 23 Jun 1184).  "Conan dux Britannie comes Richmundie" confirmed the donation of Plubihan and Plougasnou to Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter to [1156/69], witnessed by "Margarita comitissa, Willelmo filio Hamon, Alano de Rohan, Constancia sorore comitis…"[940].  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that "aliam germanam Conani" married "Helenus de Roem"[941].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan…cum uxore mea Constantia" founded the abbey of Bon-Repos, as a burial place for himself and "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of "Alano et Guillelmo filiis meus", by charter dated 23 Jun 1184[942]m ALAIN [III] Vicomte de Rohan, son of ALAIN [II] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife --- (-[1195]).

c)         ENOGUEN de Penthièvre (-[1187]).  Moreri names her as daughter of Alain and his wife Berthe, without citing any supporting primary source[943].  The primary source on which this information is based has not yet been identified.  Nun at Saint Sulpice, Rennes.  Abbess [1171]. 

Alain "le Noir" had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

d)         ROBERT "Brito" (-[after 1155]).  "…Roberto fratre comitis…" witnessed the charter dated to 1155 or before under which "Conanus dux Britannie et comes Richemundie" donated "ecclesiam de Gaituna" to Kirkstead Abbey[944].  He and his wife gave 9 acres of land in "Brochesdune" to Thetford priory[945]m BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

3.         HENRI de Penthièvre ([1100]-early 1183).  The undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour states that "le comte Estienne" had three children “Geffroi, Alain et Henri aieul de cest Henri ci-dessus”, adding that Henri remained with his father and succeeded him “aux terres de Treguer et Guengamp”, was expelled “après la mort du comte Alain” by “son fils Conan...à l´aide du vicomte de Rohan”, but later recovered his territories[946].  “Stephanus comes Britanniæ” donated property to Rumburgh priory, for the souls of “comitissa Haudewisa…filiorum meorum et filiarum…Galfridi…Alani, Henrici” by undated charter[947].  He succeeded his father in [1136] as Comte de Tréguier et de Guingamp.  "Alan comes et indigena of England and count of Brittany" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Sauvigny by charter dated to [1137/46], subscribed by "…Hainrico fratre meo…"[948]

-        see below.  

4.         MATHILDE de Penthièvre .  A manuscript genealogy of the Gant family records that “Walterus”, son of “Giselbertus de Gaunt”, married “Matildam filiam comitis Stephani Britanniæ”, bringing “Swaldale” as dowry[949].  “Matildis filia consulis Stephani Britanniæ, uxor Walteri de Gaunt” donated property to Bridlington Priory by undated charter[950]m WALTER de Gand, son of GILBERT de Gand & his wife Alice [Emma] de Montfort-sur-Risle (-1139, bur Bardney Abbey).  He became a monk at Bardney. 

5.         TIPHAINE de Penthièvre .  The Testa de Nevill records that "Coleby" in Lincolnshire previously belonged "de honore Britannie" and was granted "in maritagio cum Thephania filia comitis Stephani" and later "in maritagio cum Oliva sorore Willelmi camerarii de Tancarville"[951].  m as his first wife, RABEL de Tancarville, son of GUILLAUME de Tancarville & his wife Mathilde d'Arques (-1140).  Chamberlain of Normandy[952]

6.         OLIVE de Penthièvre .  "Radulfus Filgeriensis dominus" founded Rillé abbey, confirming donations made by "Aufredus de Filgeriis et Maino proavus meus et Aaledis uxor sua et Radulfus avus meus...Henricus pater meus" to Fougères, with the consent of “fratribus meis Frangalo et Guillermo”, by undated charter, which also records a donation made by “Oliva mater mea[953].  Her two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated 1174 under which "Olive daughter of Count Stephen" donated the church of Bennington to the abbey of Sauvigny, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Sancto Johanne maritus meus and Ralf de Filgeriis and her other sons"[954].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Lessai, including donations by "Willelmus de Sancto Johanne et Robertus frater eius et Oliva uxor Willelmi", by charter dated [1185/Jan 1188][955]m firstly HENRI [I] Seigneur de Fougères, son of RAOUL [I] Seigneur de Fougères & his wife --- (-1154).  He became a monk at Sauvigny in 1150[956]m secondly as his first wife, GUILLAUME Seigneur de Saint-Jean, son of ROGER de Saint-Jean & his wife Cecilia de la Haye (-[Sep 1201/Sep 1202]). 

 

 

HENRI de Bretagne, son of ETIENNE de Bretagne Lord of Richmond & his wife Hawise de Guingamp ([1100]-early 1183[957]).  “Stephanus comes Britanniæ” donated property to Rumburgh priory, for the souls of “comitissa Haudewisa…filiorum meorum et filiarum…Galfridi…Alani, Henrici” by undated charter[958].  His father gave him the Soke of Waltham, Lincs.  He succeeded his father in [1136] as Comte de Tréguier et de Guingamp.  "Alan comes et indigena of England and count of Brittany" donated property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Sauvigny by charter dated to [1137/46], subscribed by "…Hainrico fratre meo…"[959].  "Henricus comes" donated "ecclesiam Sancte-Crucis de Gingamp" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated to [1147/56], signed by "Henricus et Matillis uxor mea, Johannes comes Vindocinensis…"[960].  "Henricus, comitis Stephani filius" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon, for the souls of "patris…et fratris Stephani…et Alani comitum, matris…mee Hadvise", by charter dated 1148[961].  "Comitis Hainrici...comitis Stephani filii" donated Saint-Sauveur de Guingamp to Marmoutiers by charter dated 19 Sep 1151 "die ipso quo Hainricus comes Mathildem filiam Johannis Vindocin. comitis apud Meduanam uxorem duxit"[962].  "Henricus comes" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon for the soul of "Roberti comitis", with the consent of "filiorum meorum Alani, Stephani atque Conani", by charter dated [1151/59][963].  "H...comes" donated Sainte-Trinité de Guingamp to Saint-Melaine abbey, for the souls of "patris mei Ste. matris meæ Ha...fratrum meorum Gaufridi et Alani et...filii mei Henrici", by charter dated 1152[964].  His nephew Conan IV Duke of Brittany dispossessed him of Tréguier and Guingamp, which were given to the duke's daughter Constance after Duke Conan was dispossessed by Henry II King of England[965]

m (Mayenne 19 Sep 1151) MATHILDE de Vendôme, daughter of JEAN I Comte de Vendôme & his first wife [Berthe du Puy-du-Fou] (-[1214]).  A fragmentary chronicle of the dukes of Aquitaine names "Buchardus, Lancelinus, Galfridus et Mahauda" as the children of "Johanni Comiti primogenitor Galfridi Grisagonellæ Comitis Vindonicensis atque Mahaudæ Castridunensis" and his wife "Bertham"[966].  "Lancelinus filius Johannis comitis Vindocini, Mathildis filia eiusdem Johannis, item alia filia Mathildis" consented to the charter dated 1139 under which "Goffridus Grisagonella comes Vindocini et Johannes filius eius" donated part of the forest of Gâtineau to the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme[967].  "Comitis Hainrici...comitis Stephani filii" donated Saint-Sauveur de Guingamp to Marmoutiers by charter dated 19 Sep 1151 "die ipso quo Hainricus comes Mathildem filiam Johannis Vindocin. comitis apud Meduanam uxorem duxit"[968].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1214 of "Mathildis Comitissa"[969], which may refer to the widow of Henri Comte de Tréguier although she would have been old at the time. 

Henri & his wife had six children: 

1.         HENRI de Penthièvre (b and d 1152).  "H...comes" donated Sainte-Trinité de Guingamp to Saint-Melaine abbey, for the souls of "patris mei Ste. matris meæ Ha...fratrum meorum Gaufridi et Alani et...filii mei Henrici", by charter dated 1152[970].   

2.         ALAIN (-29 Dec 1212 or 1 Jan 1213).  "Henricus comes" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon for the soul of "Roberti comitis", with the consent of "filiorum meorum Alani, Stephani atque Conani", by charter dated [1151/59][971].  He succeeded his cousin Geoffroy as Comte de Penthièvre.  "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Saint-Rion, with the consent of "P. uxoris mee, Ste. et Con. fratrum meorum", by charter dated to [1184/86][972].  A charter dated Jul 1219 records donations to Beauport abbey made by "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" dated “anno quo rex Ricardus promotus fuit in regem” [1189] witnessed by “...domina Petronilla uxor domini Alani, Aliena sponsa domini Conani[973].  He recovered his father's lost inheritance of Guingamp[974].  "Alanus, dominus de Goellou, Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, for the souls of "Henrici comitis patris mei et Mathildis matris mee…", with the consent of "P. uxoris mee et Stephani et Conani fratrum meorum", by charter dated 1202[975].  The undated record of an enquiry relating to the property rights of Henri d´Avaugour states that "Geffroi comte de Lamballe fils [de] Rivallon" granted “Pentevre et son droit de primogeniture en toute la terre qu´il avoit en Bretagne” to “Alain fils [de] Henri” before the French king, with the consent of “ses neveux, enfans de O. Tournemine et d´Edie sa sœur[976].  "Alanus comes, Henrici comitis filius" granted letters of assurance to "domino Andreæ de Vitreio", with the consent of "Henrico filio meo et Alici uxori eius", by charter dated 1209[977].  "Alanus comes, Henrici comitis filius" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Boquen, with the consent of "Henrici et Gaufridi filiorum meorum", by charter dated 2 May 1211[978].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death "IV Kal Jan" in 1212 of "Alanus Comes, filius Henrici comitis"[979].  The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death "Kal Jan" in 1212 of "Alanus comes de Goilou, filius Henrici comitis"[980]m firstly (before 1186) PETRONILLE de Beaumont, daughter of RICHARD [I] Vicomte de Beaumont & his wife Lucie de Laigle (-19 Aug [1203]).  "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Saint-Rion, with the consent of "P. uxoris mee, Ste. et Con. fratrum meorum", by charter dated to [1184/86][981].  A charter dated Jul 1219 records donations to Beauport abbey made by "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" dated “anno quo rex Ricardus promotus fuit in regem” [1189] witnessed by “...domina Petronilla uxor domini Alani, Aliena sponsa domini Conani[982].  "Alanus, dominus de Goellou, Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, for the souls of "Henrici comitis patris mei et Mathildis matris mee…", with the consent of "P. uxoris mee et Stephani et Conani fratrum meorum", by charter dated 1202[983].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "XIV Kal Aug" of "Petronille comitisse; Merhaute prime uxoris fundatoris nostri"[984].  m secondly (1204) ADELAIDE, daughter of --- (-13 Oct 1216).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1216 of "Aheles comitissa, Alani Comitis uxor, mater Henrici"[985].  A clue as to her origin is contained in the charter dated Aug 1234 under which her son “Henricus de Alvagorio” received “castrum de Gaisclino” from “domino Solino avunculo meo[986].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "III Id Oct" of "Aeladis comitisse, secunde uxoris comitis Alani fundatoris nostri"[987].  Alain & his second wife had two children:

a)         HENRI ([1205]-23 Feb or 6 Oct 1281, bur Dinan).  "Alanus comes, Henrici comitis filius" granted letters of assurance to "domino Andreæ de Vitreio", with the consent of "Henrico filio meo et Alici uxori eius", by charter dated 1209[988].  "Alanus comes, Henrici comitis filius" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Boquen, with the consent of "Henrici et Gaufridi filiorum meorum", by charter dated 2 May 1211[989].  He succeeded his father in 1212 as Comte de Penthièvre, under the guardianship of his paternal uncle Geslin (see below) until [1222/24].  He was deprived of all his lands except Goëllo in 1214 by Pierre Duke of Brittany.  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis" ratified a donation to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by "Petrus filius Ruallen le Gal" by charter dated 1224[990].  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis…et Margarita uxor mea" renewed a donation of property to the abbey of Bon-Repos by "Gervasia domina Dinani", for the soul of "bone memorie Gaufridi vicecomitis de Rohan quondam mariti sui", by charter dated 1229[991].  “Henricus de Avaugor” confirmed his homage to Louis IX King of France for “toto feodo meo in Britannia” by charter dated May 1231 which refers to (but does not name) “duos filios meos primogenitos” being given as hostages to the king[992].  He became a friar minor at Dinan.  "Henricus de Avaugor dominus Goloye, miles" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon on becoming a monk, with the consent of "nepotis nostri Henrici de Avaugor domini Meduane, miles" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated Mar 1278[993].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "VII Kal Mar" of "Henrici d´Avalgor domini Goloie et de Meduana", adding that he was buried "apud Dinannum in conventu Fratrum Minorem"[994]Betrothed (contract Paris 7 Dec 1209, broken to ALIX de Thouars Dss of Brittany, daughter of GUY de Thouars & his second wife Constance Dss of Brittany ([1200]-21 Oct 1221, bur 24 Nov 1225 Villeneuve-les-Nantes, Abbaye de Notre-Dame).  The marriage contract between "G. de Thoarco comes Britannie...A filia mea quam habeo de comitissa Britannie Constancia" and "Alanus filius comitis...Henricus filius predicti Alani primogenitus" is dated 1209[995].  Her first betrothal is confirmed by the charter dated 1209 under which "Alanus comes, Henrici comitis filius" granted letters of assurance to "domino Andreæ de Vitreio", with the consent of "Henrico filio meo et Alici uxori eius"[996].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "unam filiam Mabiliam" as the child of "Constantiam comitis Conani filia" and her [third] husband "Guido frater vicecomitem de Tuart"[997]m (before 1220) MARGUERITE de Mayenne, daughter of JUHAEL [II] Sire de Mayenne & his wife Gervaise de Vitré Dame de Dinan (-15 Jan before 1264).  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis…et Margarita uxor mea" renewed a donation of property to the abbey of Bon-Repos by "Gervasia domina Dinani", for the soul of "bone memorie Gaufridi vicecomitis de Rohan quondam mariti sui", by charter dated 1229[998].  “Henricus de Avaugor” records that “castrum meum de Ponte Ursionis” belonged to “me et Margaritam uxorem meam” in a charter dated 2 Sep 1233[999].  "Margarita uxor…Henrici de Avaugor" donated property owned by "domina Gervasia mater mea" to the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois, with the consent of "Alani et Juhelli filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1237[1000].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1241 under which "Droco de Melloto, Locharam et Meduane dominus" [married to her older sister] wrote to "fratri suo domino Henrico de Avalgor", naming "bone memorie domine Gervasie"[1001].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "XVIII Kal Feb" of "domine Margarite uxoris domini Henrici d´Avalgor"[1002].  Henri & his wife had six children: 

i)          ALAIN d'Avaugour (before 1235-27 Sep before 1267).  “Henricus de Avaugor” confirmed his homage to Louis IX King of France for “toto feodo meo in Britannia” by charter dated May 1231 which refers to (but does not name) “duos filios meos primogenitos” being given as hostages to the king[1003].  Baron de Mayenne, Vicomte de Dinan. 

-         BARONS d'AVAUGOUR et de MAYENNE

ii)         JUHAËL d´Avaugour .  “Henricus de Avaugor” confirmed his homage to Louis IX King of France for “toto feodo meo in Britannia” by charter dated May 1231 which refers to (but does not name) “duos filios meos primogenitos” being given as hostages to the king[1004].  "Margarita uxor…Henrici de Avaugor" donated property owned by "domina Gervasia mater mea" to the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois, with the consent of "Alani et Juhelli filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1237[1005].  Seigneur de Kergrois.  m CATHERINE de Léon, daughter of HERVE [III] de Léon Seigneur de Châteauneuf & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

iii)        HENRI .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Seigneur de Goello.  m PHILIPPA de Rohan, daughter of ALAIN [V] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   

iv)       GEOFFROY (-after 1282).  A charter dated 1282 records an agreement between “Henricum d´Avaugour militem dominum de Gouelou et Meduanæ” and “Gaufridum d´Avaugour patruum suum” concerning the succession of “Henrici d´Avaugour quondam militis patris dicti Gaufridi et avi dicti Henrici[1006]

v)        MARIE de Penthièvre .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  

vi)       JEANNE (-26 Feb ----).  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "IV Kal Mar" of "domine Johanne d´Avalgor, filie Henrici et uxoris Gaufridi de Dinanno militis"[1007]

b)         GEOFFROY Boterel (-1281).  "Alanus comes, Henrici comitis filius" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Boquen, with the consent of "Henrici et Gaufridi filiorum meorum", by charter dated 2 May 1211[1008].  "Gaufridus Boterel, Alani filii comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by charter dated 1233 which names "frater meus Henricus de Avaugour"[1009].  Seigneur de Quintin.  m EUSTACHIE de Vitré, daughter of ANDRE [III] Seigneur de Vitré & his first wife Catherine de Thouars. 

3.         ETIENNE de Penthièvre (-after 1202).  "Henricus comes" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon for the soul of "Roberti comitis", with the consent of "filiorum meorum Alani, Stephani atque Conani", by charter dated [1151/59][1010].  "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Saint-Rion, with the consent of "P. uxoris mee, Ste. et Con. fratrum meorum", by charter dated to [1184/86][1011].  "Alanus, dominus de Goellou, Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, for the souls of "Henrici comitis patris mei et Mathildis matris mee…", with the consent of "P. uxoris mee et Stephani et Conani fratrum meorum", by charter dated 1202[1012].  He died of leprosy[1013]

4.         CONAN de La Roche-Derrien (-9 Feb [1202/14])"Henricus comes" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon for the soul of "Roberti comitis", with the consent of "filiorum meorum Alani, Stephani atque Conani", by charter dated [1151/59][1014].  "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Saint-Rion, with the consent of "P. uxoris mee, Ste. et Con. fratrum meorum", by charter dated to [1184/86][1015].  "Alanus, dominus de Goellou, Henrici comitis filius" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, for the souls of "Henrici comitis patris mei et Mathildis matris mee…", with the consent of "P. uxoris mee et Stephani et Conani fratrum meorum", by charter dated 1202[1016].  "Conanus, Henrici comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by charter dated 1202, signed by "…Alienor filia comitis Eudonis, Aliz domicella…"[1017].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "V Id Feb" of "Conani fratris comitis Alani fundatoris nostri"[1018]m (before 1189) ELEONORE [de Porhoët], daughter of [EUDES Comte de Porhoët] & his [second wife Jeanne de Léon] (-5 May after 1243).  A charter dated Jul 1219 records donations to Beauport abbey made by "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" dated “anno quo rex Ricardus promotus fuit in regem” [1189] witnessed by “...domina Petronilla uxor domini Alani, Aliena sponsa domini Conani[1019].  "Conanus, Henrici comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by charter dated 1202, signed by "…Alienor filia comitis Eudonis, Aliz domicella…"[1020].  It is not certain that "Alienor filia comitis Eudonis" was the wife of Conan but her position in the list of subscribers, after Conan´s knights, suggests that this might be the case.  If that is correct, Eudes Comte de Porhoët is the only "comes Eudo" who has yet been identified who could have been her father.  The fact that her father held a higher rank than her husband may account for her being linked in the document to her father´s rather than her husband´s name.  If her parentage is correctly identified, the chronology suggests that she would have been born to her supposed father´s second marriage.  "A…vidua quondam Conani filii comitis uxor" settled a dispute with the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport about "insula de Bigniguez" by charter dated 1214[1021].  "Alienor, quondam uxor Conani filii Henrici comitis" wrote to "Radulpho domino Filgeriis" confirming his donation to Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, dated 1243[1022].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "III Non Mai" of "Alienor uxoris Conani comitis"[1023].  Conan & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALAIN (-after 1237).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

Conan had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

b)         PLAISOU (-after 1269).  Her parentage and marriage are shown by Père Anselme[1024].   The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  m OLIVIER [I] Seigneur de Clisson, son of GUILLAUME de Clisson & his wife Constance de Pontchâteau (-[before 16 Mar 1261/1 Mar 1262]).

5.         daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m CONAN Vicomte de Léon, son of [GUYOMAR [V] Vicomte de Léon & his wife Margilia ---].  

6.         GESLIN (-after 1239).  "Dominus Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius, custos et avunculus Henrici de Alvaugor" confirmed the sale of a mill to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by charter dated 1222[1025].  His guardianship of his nephew ended before 1224, when the latter issued a charter in his own name (see above). 

-        VICOMTES de TONQUEDEC

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de PENTHIEVRE (BLOIS-CHÂTILLON)

 

 

CHARLES de Blois-Châtillon, son of GUY [I] de Châtillon Comte de Blois et de Dunois & his wife Marguerite de Valois (1319-killed in battle near Auray 29 Sep 1364, bur Guingamp église des Cordeliers).  He succeeded in 1341 as Duke of Brittany, Comte de Penthièvre, Seigneur de Guise, by right of his wife. 

m JEANNE de Bretagne Ctss de Goello et de Penthièvre, daughter of GUY de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre & his wife Jeanne d´Avaugour Ctss de Goello (1319-Guingamp 10 Sep 1384, bur Guingamp église des Cordeliers).  She succeeded in 1341 as Dss of Brittany, until 1364.  Vicomtesse de Limoges 1341-1369.  She renounced her rights by the Treaty of Guérande 1365, ending the Breton wars.  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "IV Id Sep" in 1384 of "domine Johanne ducisse Britannie, uxoris bone memorie Caroli domini du Plexeix"[1026]

Charles & his wife had five children: 

1.         JEAN [I] de Blois-Châtillon (-16 Jan 1404)Comte de Penthièvre et de Goelo.  Vicomte de Limoges.  Seigneur d´Avaugour, de Landrecies, de Nouvion-en-Thièrache.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1403 (presumably O.S.) of “Johannes de Britannia comes Penthevriæ[1027]m (20 Jan 1387) MARGUERITE de Clisson, daughter of OLIVIER [V] Seigneur de Clisson Comte de Porhoet & his first wife Beatrix de Laval (-1441).  Jean & his wife had five children: 

a)         OLIVIER de Blois-Châtillon (-Avesnes 28 Sep 1433)Comte de Penthièvre.  Vicomte de Limoges.  m firstly (Arras 22 Jul 1406) ISABELLE de Bourgogne, daughter of JEAN "Sans-Peur" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Marguerite de Hainaut (-Rouvre 18 Sep 1412).  m secondly (1428) JEANNE de Lalaing Dame de Quiévrain, daughter of SIMON [II] de Lalaing & his wife Jeanne de Barbançon (-[1462]). 

b)         JEAN [I] de Blois-Châtillon (-[1 Oct/18 Dec] 1452)Comte de Penthièvre.  Comte de Périgord.  Vicomte de Limoges.  His date of death is set by the following documents: Jean [I] sold "Château-Chervix” to Gouffier de L'Hermitte 1 Oct 1452[1028], while “Guillaume de Bretagne, comte de Penthièvre et de Périgord, vicomte de Limoges” issued a proxy to “Bernard de Bonnal, seigneur dudit lieu, et Julien Beauport, chevalier, pour prendre à son nom possession de la comté de Penthièvre et autres terres” dated 18 Dec 1452[1029].  m (after 1426) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Chauvigny, widow of BERAUD [III] Comte de Clermont, daughter of GUY de Chauvigny Vicomte de Brosse & his wife Antoinette de Cousan (-23 Jul 1473). 

c)         CHARLES de Blois-Châtillon (1396-[1434/48]).  Baron d´Avaugour.  Seigneur de Reynal et de Thors.  m ISABELLE de Vivonne Dame de Thors et des Essarts, daughter of SAVARY de Vivonne & his wife Jeanne d´Aspremont.  Charles & his wife had one child: 

i)          NICOLE de Blois-Châtillon (-after 19 Dec 1479)Ctss de Penthièvre 1454.  m (contract 18 Jun 1437) JEAN [II] de Brosse Seigneur de Boussac et de Sainte-Sevère, son of JEAN [I] de Brosse Seigneur de Boussac et de Sainte-Sevère & his wife Jeanne de Naillac Dame de la Motte-Jolivet (-after 19 Dec 1479). 

d)         GUILLAUME de Blois-Châtillon (-1455).  Vicomte de Limoges.  Seigneur d´Avesnes et de Nouvion-en-Thièrache.  m (1448) as her first husband, ISABELLE de la Tour d´Auvergne, daughter of BERTRAND [V] de La Tour Comte d´Auvergne et de Boulogne & his wife Jacquette de Peschin (-8 Sep 1488).  She married secondly Arnaud Amanieu d´Albret Seigneur d´Orval.  Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

i)          FRANÇOISE de Blois-Châtillon (-after 1488).  Vicomtesse de Limoges.  Dame d´Avesnes et de Nouvion-en-Thièrache.  The dispensation for the marriage of "messire Allain sire d´Albret" and "dame Francoyse de Bretaigne", despite their 3o and 4o consanguinity, is dated 20 Jan 1462[1030]m ALAIN Seigneur d´Albret Comte de Gavre, son of JEAN d´Albret Sire d´Albret & his wife Catherine de Rohan (-1522). 

ii)         JEANNE de Blois-Châtillon (-after 1483).  m (1473) JEAN de Surgères Seigneur de Balon, son of --- (-1483). 

iii)        CHARLOTTE de Blois-Châtillon (-after 1490).  m ANTOINE de Villequier, son of --- (-1490 before 4 Sep). 

e)         JEANNE de Blois-Châtillon (-1459).  m firstly (1407) ROBERT de Dinan Seigneur de Châteaubriand, son of --- (-13 Mar 1429).  m secondly (1448) JEAN [III] de Harpedane Seigneur de Belleville, son of ---. 

2.         GUY de Blois-Châtillon

3.         HENRI de Blois-Châtillon (-after 31 Jul 1400)m --- Caetani, daughter of ONORATO Caetani Conte di Fondi & his wife ---.  

4.         MARGUERITE de Blois-Châtillon ([1339]-[1354])m (1351) CHARLES d´Espagne Comte d´Angoulême, son of ALPHONSE de la Cerda dit d´Espagne Baron de Lunel & his wife Isabelle d´Antoing ([1326]-murdered l'Aigle 6 Jan 1354). 

5.         MARIE de Blois-Châtillon (1343-Angers 12 Nov 1404, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  The marriage contract between “Louis fils de Roy de France Comte d´Anjou et du Maine Seigneur de Montpellier” and “Charles Duc de Bretagne, Comte de Richemont Vicomte de Limoges et Sire d´Avaugour de Guise et de Maine et Jehanne Duchesse, Comtesse, Vicomtesse et Dame desdits lieux...Marie de Bretagne nostre...fille” is dated Aug 1360[1031].  After the death of her husband, Marie continued the war in Naples.  Pss di Tarento, by cession of her brother-in-law Jean Duc de Berry at Cavaillon 11 Sep 1385, in exchange for the counties of Etampes and Gien.  She used the title Queen of Sicily.  m (9 Jul 1360, contract Château de Saumur Aug 1360) LOUIS de France Duc d´Anjou, son of JEAN II "le Bon" King of France & his first wife Bonne de Luxembourg (Château du Bois de Vincennes 23 Jul 1339-Biseglia Castle near Bari 20 Sep 1384, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice). 

 

 

 

D.      VICOMTES de PENTHIEVRE

 

 

1.         EUDES (-after [1034]).  Vicomte.  "Eudo vicecomes…vicecomes Theuarhoc, vicecomes Haemo…" witnessed a charter dated to 1034 relating to revenue from Plebihan for the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1032]

 

2.         THEUARHOC (-after [1034]).  Vicomte.  "Eudo vicecomes…vicecomes Theuarhoc, vicecomes Haemo…" witnessed a charter dated to 1034 relating to revenue from Plebihan for the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1033]

 

3.         HAMON (-after [1034]).  Vicomte.  "Eudo vicecomes…vicecomes Theuarhoc, vicecomes Haemo…" witnessed a charter dated to 1034 relating to revenue from Plebihan for the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1034]

 

Two brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         ROBERT (-after 1050).  Vicomte.  "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1035]

2.         EUDES (-after 1050).  "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1036].  "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1037]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         ALAIN (-after 1060).  Vicomtem ---.  The name of Alain´s wife is not known.  Alain & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUYOMAR (-after 1050).  "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1038]

2.         ALFRED (-after [1060]).  "Eudo comes et uxor eius, Joscelinus vicecomes…Alfredus frater Alani vicecomitis…Hodierna soror Hugonis vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 which recorded an agreement between "Gualterio eius preposito" and the abbess of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1039].  "Eudo comes et uxor eius, Joscelinus vicecomes…Alfredus frater Alani vicecomitis…Hodierna soror Hugonis vicecomitis" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] which records an agreement between Adela Abbess of Rennes Saint-Georges and "Gualterio eius preposito"[1040]

 

 

Two siblings, parents not yet identified: 

1.         HUGUES (-after [1050]).  Vicomte. 

2.         HODIERNA (-after [1050]).  "Eudo comes et uxor eius, Joscelinus vicecomes…Alfredus frater Alani vicecomitis…Hodierna soror Hugonis vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 which recorded an agreement between "Gualterio eius preposito" and the abbess of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1041]

 

3.         HAMON (-after 1083).  Vicomte.  "Gauffredus comes filius Eudonis comitis" founded the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by charter dated 1083, signed by "Gauffredus ipse comes, Rotbertus frater eius…Haimo vicecomes…"[1042]

 

4.         EUDES (-before 1202).  Vicomtem ---.  The name of Eudes´s wife is not known.  Eudes & his wife had one child: 

a)         SUHARD (-[1203/20]).  "Suhart, filius Eudonis vicecomitis" confirmed the donations to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by "Alanus, Henrici comitis filius, dominus meus" by charter dated 1202[1043]Vicomte [de Penthièvre].  "…Suharth vicecomitis…" signed the charter dated 1203 under which "Alanus filius Henrici comitis" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport[1044]m ---.  The name of Suhard´s wife is not known.  Suhard & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEOFFROY (-after 1220).  "Gaufridus filius Suhart vicecomitis" confirmed a donation to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by "Willelmus Le Borne, filius constabularii" by charter dated 1220[1045].  "Gaufridus miles, primogenitus filius domini Suhart vicecomitis" confirmed a donation to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by "pater meus" by charter dated 1220[1046]

ii)         MATHILDE (-after 1243).  "Matildis relicta Oliverii filii Johannis, filia Suhardi vicecomitis" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by charter dated 1240[1047].  A charter dated 1243 records the consent of "Henricus de Avaugour" to a mortgage taken by "Mathildis filia Suhardi vicecomitis" over land, with the consent of "Johannis dictus Picardi mariti predicte Mahaut", at the insistence of "Alano Rollandi militia, senescallo de Kintin"[1048]m firstly OLIVIER, son of JEAN & his wife --- (-1240 or before).  m secondly ([1240/43]) JEAN Picardy, son of ---.  

 

 

 

E.      VICOMTES de TONQUEDEC et de COËTMEN

 

 

GESLIN de Penthièvre, son of HENRI de Bretagne Comte de Tréguier & his wife Mathilde de Vendôme (-after 1239).  "Dominus Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius, custos et avunculus Henrici de Alvaugor" confirmed the sale of a mill to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by charter dated 1222[1049].  His guardianship of his nephew ended before 1224 when the latter issued a charter in his own name (see above).  "Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius, custos et avunculus Henrici de Alvaugor" confirmed a donation to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by charter dated 1225[1050].  "Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport for the soul of "…Henrici militis filii mei", with the consent of "Alani vicecomitis de Tonkadoc primogeniti filii mei", by charter dated 1231[1051].  "Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius" carried out the last wishes of "Henrici filii mei" on his deathbed by donating property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Alani vicecomitis et Hugonis filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[1052].  "Geslinus, comitis filius" confirmed the charter dated 1239 under which "Eudo Le Du filius Tengui de Rest" bound himself to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, for the soul of "Henrici filii mei defuncti"[1053]

m ---.  The name of Geslin´s wife is not known. 

Geslin & his wife had three children: 

1.         ALAIN (-after 1253).  "Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport for the soul of "…Henrici militis filii mei", with the consent of "Alani vicecomitis de Tonkadoc primogeniti filii mei", by charter dated 1231[1054]Vicomte de Tonquedec.  "Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius" carried out the last wishes of "Henrici filii mei" on his deathbed by donating property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Alani vicecomitis et Hugonis filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[1055].  "Alanus vicecomes de Tonkedoc" forgave the harvest duties of the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Costancie uxoris mee", by charter dated 1239[1056].  A charter dated 1253 records the arbitration of "Alani vicecomitis de Tonquedec" over a property dispute[1057]m CONSTANCE de Vitré, daughter of ---.  "Alanus vicecomes de Tonkedoc" forgave the harvest duties of the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Costancie uxoris mee", by charter dated 1239[1058].  Alain & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROLAND de Tonquedec (-before 1300).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Vicomte de Tonquedec

-        see below

2.         HENRI (-1233).  "Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport for the soul of "…Henrici militis filii mei", with the consent of "Alani vicecomitis de Tonkadoc primogeniti filii mei", by charter dated 1231[1059].  "Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius" carried out the last wishes of "Henrici filii mei" on his deathbed by donating property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Alani vicecomitis et Hugonis filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[1060]

3.         HUGUES (-after 1239).  "Gellinus, Henrici comitis filius" carried out the last wishes of "Henrici filii mei" on his deathbed by donating property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Alani vicecomitis et Hugonis filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1233[1061]

 

 

ROLAND de Tonquedec, son of ALAIN Vicomte de Tonquedec & his wife Constance de Vitré .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Vicomte de Tonquedec

m ALICE Dame de Landegonnet, daughter of ---. 

Roland & his wife had one child: 

1.         PRIGENT de Coëtmen (-after 1300, bur Beauport).  "Prigient de Quoitmain viconte de Tronquedoc et Ame fille…Hervé jadis visconte de Léon, fame audit Prigient" ratified the sale of the county of Léon to "Jahan jadis duc de Bretaigne" by charter dated 7 Jun 1298, which records her father as still living at the time[1062].  "Primogenitus vicecomitis de Quoetmaen miles" records a dispute between "Rollandum vicecomitem de Tonquedec militem, quondam patrem nostrum" and the abbey of Saint-Jacut, by charter dated 1300[1063]m AME de Léon, daughter of HERVE [IV] Vicomte de Léon & his wife --- (-after 7 Jun 1298, bur Beauport).  "Prigient de Quoitmain viconte de Tronquedoc et Ame fille…Hervé jadis visconte de Léon, fame audit Prigient" ratified the sale of the county of Léon to "Jahan jadis duc de Bretaigne" by charter dated 7 Jun 1298, which records her father as still living at the time[1064].  Prigent & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUY (-1330).  m ---.  The name of Guy´s wife is not known.  Guy & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNEm CONAN Seigneur de Quélen, son of ---. 

 

 

2.         PRIGENTm ---.  The name of Prigent´s wife is not known.  Prigent [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARIE (-after 1242).  "Johannes de Dinanno miles, filius Rolandi de Dinanno militis" abandoned rights of "forcagium" (harvest related?) in favour of the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Marie uxoris nostre filie Prigencii de Trunkedo", by charter dated Aug 1242[1065]m JEAN de Dinan, son of ROLAND de Dinan & his wife --- (-after Aug 1242). 

 

 

 

F.      SEIGNEURS de MATIGNON (GOYON)

 

 

1.         LUCIE de Matignon (-after 1219)Dame de Matignon"Lucia domina de Matignon uxor Stephani Goeon" confirmed an agreement between the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois and "Briencium de Larunciere et fratres suos" relating to “decime parrochie Sancti Germani de Matignon” by charter dated 1219[1066].  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1067].  "Alanus Goyon miles, tunc temporis dominus de Matignon" confirmed the donation to the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Lucia condam domina de Matignon" for the soul of "Johannis filii sui defuncti" and with the consent of "domini Stephani Goyon olim mariti sui", by charter dated 1293[1068]m (before [1210]) ETIENNE Goyon, son of ALAIN Goyon & his wife --- (-before 1293). 

 

2.         ROBERT (-after 1245).  Seigneur de Matignon.  "Robertus dominus de Medreignac et de Matignon miles et Dyonisia eius uxor" renounced his rights over the priory of Saint-Galéry by charter dated 1245, confirmed by "Alanus Goyon miles" with the consent of "Stephani Goyon filii mei"[1069]m DENISE, daughter of --- (-after 1278).  "Robertus dominus de Medreignac et de Matignon miles et Dyonisia eius uxor" renounced his rights over the priory of Saint-Galéry by charter dated 1245, confirmed by "Alanus Goyon miles" with the consent of "Stephani Goyon filii mei"[1070].  "Dyonisia domina de Matignon vidua" noted the settlement of a dispute between "dominum Alanum Goyon militem" and the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois by charter dated 1278, which names "Alano Goyon, milite defuncto, avo quondam predicti Alani…Stephani sui filii primogeniti, Matildis uxoris sue et Dyonisie filie sue primogenite"[1071]

 

 

1.         ALAIN Goyon (-after 1251).  "Robertus dominus de Medreignac et de Matignon miles et Dyonisia eius uxor" renounced his rights over the priory of Saint-Galéry by charter dated 1245, confirmed by "Alanus Goyon miles" with the consent of "Stephani Goyon filii mei"[1072].  The testament of "domini Alani Goion" is dated 1251, names "patrem suum episcopum Briocensem, religiosum virum abbatem Sancti Albani, vicecomitem Dinanni, dominum Lucam de Ronceria, uxorem suam, Johannem Legros clericum, Petrum de Medregniac" as his executors, and appoints "domino Rollando de Dinanno…cum domino Roberto de Medregniac" to oversee the executors[1073]m ---.  Alain & his wife had one child: 

a)         ETIENNE Goyon (-after 1245).  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1074].  "Robertus dominus de Medreignac et de Matignon miles et Dyonisia eius uxor" renounced his rights over the priory of Saint-Galéry by charter dated 1245, confirmed by "Alanus Goyon miles" with the consent of "Stephani Goyon filii mei"[1075]Seigneur de Matignonm (before [1210]) LUCIE de Matignon, daughter of --- (-after 1219).  Dame de Matignon.  "Lucia domina de Matignon uxor Stephani Goeon" confirmed an agreement between the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois and "Briencium de Larunciere et fratres suos" relating to “decime parrochie Sancti Germani de Matignon” by charter dated 1219[1076].  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1077].  "Alanus Goyon miles, tunc temporis dominus de Matignon" confirmed the donation to the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Lucia condam domina de Matignon" for the soul of "Johannis filii sui defuncti" and with the consent of "domini Stephani Goyon olim mariti sui", by charter dated 1293[1078].  Etienne & his wife had six children: 

i)          GUEGON Goyon (-after 1219).  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1079]

ii)         GEOFFROY Goyon (-after 1219).  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1080]

iii)        ETIENNE Goyon (-after 1219).  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1081]

iv)       JEAN Goyon (before 1219-before 1293).  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1082].  "Alanus Goyon miles, tunc temporis dominus de Matignon" confirmed the donation to the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Lucia condam domina de Matignon" for the soul of "Johannis filii sui defuncti" and with the consent of "domini Stephani Goyon olim mariti sui", by charter dated 1293[1083]

v)        ALAIN Goyon ([after 1219]-after 1293).  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1084]Seigneur de Matignon.  "Dyonisia domina de Matignon vidua" noted the settlement of a dispute between "dominum Alanum Goyon militem" and the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois by charter dated 1278, which names "Alano Goyon, milite defuncto, avo quondam predicti Alani…Stephani sui filii primogeniti, Matildis uxoris sue et Dyonisie filie sue primogenite"[1085].  "Alain Goion chevalier segnor de Matignon" waived a payment from Saint-Aubin-des-Bois by charter dated 1284[1086].  "Alanus Goyon miles, tunc temporis dominus de Matignon" confirmed the donation to the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Lucia condam domina de Matignon" for the soul of "Johannis filii sui defuncti" and with the consent of "domini Stephani Goyon olim mariti sui", by charter dated 1293[1087]m ---.  Alain & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ETIENNE Goyon .  "Alanus Goyon miles", with the consent of “Stephani Goyon filii mei” confirmed the property of Saint-Valéry de Matignon by charter dated 1266, as granted by "Stephani Goyon patris mei" with the consent of “Lucie uxoris mee” and for the souls of “filiorum nostrorum Guegonis...Gaufridi, Stephani et Johannis” by charter dated 1219[1088].  "Dyonisia domina de Matignon vidua" noted the settlement of a dispute between "dominum Alanum Goyon militem" and the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois by charter dated 1278, which names "Alano Goyon, milite defuncto, avo quondam predicti Alani…Stephani sui filii primogeniti, Matildis uxoris sue et Dyonisie filie sue primogenite"[1089]m (before 1278) MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  "Dyonisia domina de Matignon vidua" noted the settlement of a dispute between "dominum Alanum Goyon militem" and the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois by charter dated 1278, which names "Alano Goyon, milite defuncto, avo quondam predicti Alani…Stephani sui filii primogeniti, Matildis uxoris sue et Dyonisie filie sue primogenite"[1090].  Etienne & his wife had one child: 

(1)       BERTRAND Goyonm JEANNE de Dinan, daughter of ROLAND de Dinan Sire de Montafilant & his wife ---. 

(2)       GUY Goyonm GILETTE de La Moussaie, daughter of ---. 

(b)       DENISE Goyon .  "Dyonisia domina de Matignon vidua" noted the settlement of a dispute between "dominum Alanum Goyon militem" and the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois by charter dated 1278, which names "Alano Goyon, milite defuncto, avo quondam predicti Alani…Stephani sui filii primogeniti, Matildis uxoris sue et Dyonisie filie sue primogenite"[1091]

 

 

 

G.      BARONS d'AVAUGOUR et de MAYENNE

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise shown below. 

 

 

ALAIN d'Avaugour, son of HENRI d'Avaugour ex-Comte de Penthièvre & his wife Marguerite de Mayenne (before 1235-27 Sep before 1267).  “Henricus de Avaugor” confirmed his homage to Louis IX King of France for “toto feodo meo in Britannia” by charter dated May 1231 which refers to (but does not name) “duos filios meos primogenitos” being given as hostages to the king[1092].  "Margarita uxor…Henrici de Avaugor" donated property owned by "domina Gervasia mater mea" to the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois, with the consent of "Alani et Juhelli filiorum meorum", by charter dated 1237[1093].  Baron de Mayenne, Vicomte de Dinan.  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "V Kal Oct" of "Alani d´Avalgor, filius Henrici fundatoris nostri, domini du Menne"[1094]

m CLEMENCE de Dinan, daughter of ---. 

Alain & his wife had two children: 

1.         HENRI [III] d'Avaugour (-11 Feb or Nov 1301, bur Dinan).  "Henricus de Avaugor dominus Goloye, miles" donated property to the priory of Saint-Magloire de Léhon on becoming a monk, with the consent of "nepotis nostri Henrici de Avaugor domini Meduane, miles" and for the souls of "Juhelli, Gaufridi et Ricardi maritorum meorum", by charter dated Mar 1278[1095].  A charter dated 1282 records an agreement between “Henricum d´Avaugour militem dominum de Gouelou et Meduanæ” and “Gaufridum d´Avaugour patruum suum” concerning the succession of “Henrici d´Avaugour quondam militis patris dicti Gaufridi et avi dicti Henrici[1096].  "Henri d'Avaugour Seigneur de Mayenne" issued a charter in the bishopric of Mans dated 12 Feb 1285[1097]m (before 27 Apr 1283) MARIE de Beaumont-Brienne, daughter of LOUIS de Brienne Vicomte de Beaumont & his wife Agnes de Beaumont (-18 Mar 1328, bur Guingamp).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death “die veneris ante festum B. Gregorii” 1328 of “domina Maria de Belomonte domina de Avalgoria...fuerat uxor domini Henrici de Avaugour” and her burial “in...convento fratrum minorum de Guengampo[1098].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "XV Kal Apr" in 1328 of "Marie de Baumont uxoris domini Henrici d´Avalgor filii Alani fundatoris nostri"[1099].  Henri [III] & his wife had six children: 

a)         HENRI [IV] d'Avaugour (-Avignon [2] Feb 1331, bur Dinan).  Baron d'Avaugour, de Mayenne et de Goello.  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death “eundo de Parisius apud Avenionem circa Purificationem B. M. V.” 1331 of “Henricus d´Avaugour filius Alani de Dinanno [omits one generation] qui fuit filius Henrici filii Alani fundatoris Belliportus…quintus post comitem Alanum” and his burial “apud Fratres Minores de Dinanno”, adding that he had lived about 54 years[1100]m JEANNE d´Harcourt dame de Morgon, daughter of JEAN [II] Sire d´Harcourt & his second wife Jeanne Vicomtesse de Châtellerault.  1346.  Henri [IV] & his wife had four children: 

i)          JEANNE d'Avaugour (-28 Jul or 30 Aug 1327, bur Guingamp église des Cordeliers).  Heiress of Avaugour, Mayenne and Goello.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated [Mar] 1338 under which “Monsieur Hervé de Leon” and “Marguerite d´Avaugour sa femme fille de feu monsieur Henri d´Avaugour” claimed part of her father´s succession from [her daughter] “la Dame de Penthievre hoir principal audit sire d´Avaugour [...Charles de Blaes seignor de Penthevre et damiselle Jahanne sa fame Dame de Penthevre[1101].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1327 of “domina Johanna de Avalgoria consors domini Guidonis comitis Penthevriæ” and her burial “in habitu S. Claræ ante majus altare[1102].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "III Kal Sep" of "domine Johanne d´Avalgor, uxoris domini Guidonis de Britannia"[1103]m (1318) as his first wife, GUY de Bretagne Comte de Penthièvre, son of ARTHUR II Duke of Brittany & his first wife Marie Vicomtesse de Limoges (1287-Nigeon near Paris 27 Mar 1331, bur Guingamp église des Cordeliers). 

ii)         MARGUERITE d´Avaugour (-after 1375).  “Monsieur Hervé de Leon” and “Marguerite d´Avaugour sa femme fille de feu monsieur Henri d´Avaugour” claimed part of her father´s succession from “la Dame de Penthievre hoir principal audit sire d´Avaugour [...Charles de Blaes seignor de Penthevre et damiselle Jahanne sa fame Dame de Penthevre” by charter dated [Mar] 1338[1104].  “Jeanne Duchesse de Bretagne, Vicomtesse de Limoges, Dame de Guise et de Maenne” granted rights to “nos...tantes les Dames de Leon et de Chateaubrient” relating to the family succession by charter dated 1 Sep 1348[1105].  “Hervieu de Leon escuier Sire [de Noyon] fils de ladite Dame sous age conduit par...Erard de Leon chevalier son oncle et applegé par...Jehan de Leon son cousin” paid dower to “Marguerite d´Alvagor dame de Noyon” by charter dated 11 Jan 1355[1106].  1375.  m firstly as his second wife, HERVE de Léon Seigneur de Noyon, son of HEREVE de Léon Seigneur de Noyon & his wife Jeanne de Montmorency (-before 20 May 1349).  m secondly GEOFFROY de Vaulx, son of ---. 

iii)        ISABELLE d´Avaugour (-3 May after 1400).  “Jeanne Duchesse de Bretagne, Vicomtesse de Limoges, Dame de Guise et de Maenne” granted rights to “nos...tantes les Dames de Leon et de Chateaubrient” relating to the family succession by charter dated 1 Sep 1348[1107].  “Charles Duc de Bretaigne Vicomte de Limoges Sire de Guise et de Maine” granted a pension to “dame Ysabeau d´Avaugour dame jadis de Chasteaubrient” by charter dated 8 Apr 1353, a second charter dated 1 Sep 1354 referring to her rights under her marriage to “Geffroi de Chasteaubrient[1108].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "V Non Mai" of "domine Ysabelle d´Avalgor domine de Correc"[1109]m firstly GEOFFROY [IX] Seigneur de Châteaubriand, son of GEOFFROY [VIII] Seigneur de Châteaubriand & his wife Jeanne de Belleville (-killed in battle Roche-Derien 20 Jun 1347, bur Melleray).  m secondly as his second wife, LOUIS Vicomte de Thouars Sire de Talmont, son of JEAN Vicomte de Thouars & his wife Blanche de Brabant-Aarschot (-1370). 

iv)       MARIE (-11 Apr ----).  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "III Id Apr" of "domine Marie d´Avalgor, filie domini d´Avalgor, filii fundatoris nostri et domine Johanne de Harecourt"[1110]

b)         JEAN d'Avaugour (-1329).  Bishop of Saint-Brieue 1315. 

c)         GUILLAUME . 

d)         AGNES d´Avaugour .  The marriage contract between “Henri d´Avaugour chev. seign. de Goellou...Agnes notre fille einsnée” and “Allain de Rohan fuis aeisné et principal heir dou Viconte de Rohan” is dated Oct 1288[1111]m (contract Oct 1288) ALAIN de Rohan, son of ALAIN [VI] Vicomte de Rohan & his second wife Thomasse de la Rochebernard (-[Dec 1298/1299]). 

e)         BLANCHE d'Avaugour (-10 Dec after 1337).  The necrology of Maubuisson records the death "IV Id Dec" of "Madame Blanche d'Avaugour jadis femme…monsieur Guillaume d'Harcourt seigneur de la Saussaye"[1112]m as his third wife, GUILLAUME d'Harcourt Seigneur de la Saussaye, son of --- (-1337).  No issue. 

f)          MARGUERITE d'Avaugour m (1296) GUILLAUME Paynel Seigneur de Hambie, son of ---

2.         HAOYS d'Avaugourm OLIVIER de Tinteniac, son of ---. 

 

 

3.         CONSTANCE (-29 Oct ----).  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "IV Kal Nov" of "domine Constancie d´Avalgor domine de Correc"[1113]

 

 

 

H.      VICOMTES de DINAN

 

 

1.         HAMON [I] Vicomte de Dinanm ROIANTELINA, daughter of RIVALLON & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Hamon [I] & his wife had five children: 

a)         HAMON [II] .  "Junkeneus archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, with the advice of "fratrum meorum Haimoni…vicecomitis et Goszelini atque Riuualloni", by charter dated to [1029/37][1114]same person as…?  HAMON .  "…Hamonis vicecomitis, Maini filii sui…" signed the charter dated to [1015/32] under which "Alanus comes et…dux Britannorum et frater meus Heudo atque mater mea Haduisa et noster vicecomes Haimon et filii eius" donated property to the abbey of Marmoutier[1115].  "…Mainonis de Filgeriis, Haimonis, Richardi filii eius…" signed the charter dated to [1015/32] under which "Alanus dux Britanniæ" donated property to the abbey of Marmoutier[1116]m ---.  The name of Hamon´s wife is not known.  Hamon & his wife had two children: 

i)          MEEN .  "…Hamonis vicecomitis, Maini filii sui…" signed the charter dated to [1015/32] under which "Alanus comes et…dux Britannorum et frater meus Heudo atque mater mea Haduisa et noster vicecomes Haimon et filii eius" donated property to the abbey of Marmoutier[1117]

ii)         RICHARD .  "…Mainonis de Filgeriis, Haimonis, Richardi filii eius…" signed the charter dated to [1015/32] under which "Alanus dux Britanniæ" donated property to the abbey of Marmoutier[1118]

b)         JUNGUENE de Dinan (-[1039]).  An enquiry made at Dol by order of Henry II King of England dated Oct 1181 records that "Guingeneus Dolensis archiepisc. et Ruellen Capra Canuta, Josselinus de Dinan et Salomon bastardus fratres fuerunt"[1119].  Abbot of Dol.  Archbishop of Dol .  "Junkeneus archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, with the advice of "fratrum meorum Haimoni…vicecomitis et Goszelini atque Riuualloni", by charter dated to [1029/37][1120]

c)         JOSCELIN [I] de Dinan .  "Junkeneus archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, with the advice of "fratrum meorum Haimoni…vicecomitis et Goszelini atque Riuualloni", by charter dated to [1029/37][1121]

-        SEIGNEURS de DINAN

d)         RIVALLON [II] (-after [1064/65]).  "Junkeneus archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, with the advice of "fratrum meorum Haimoni…vicecomitis et Goszelini atque Riuualloni", by charter dated to [1029/37][1122].  "Manigenius…miles" founded the priory of Saint-Cyr-lès-Rennes and donated it to Tours Saint-Julien by charter dated 23 May 1037, subscribed by "Alanus dux…Eudonis fratris Alani ducis Britannorum, Gotzelini vicecomitis, Rualentis domini Doli…"[1123]Seigneur de Dol et de Combour. 

-        SEIGNEURS de DOL

e)         INOGUEN .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   "Briencius" [signed a subsequent charter "Brientio filio Tiherni"] founded the priory of Beré "a castro Briencii situm", with the consent of "matris meæ Innoguent et conjugis meæ Adelendis necnon et filiorum meorum Gaufridi…Teherii simulque Guidonis", by  undated charter[1124]m TEHEL [Teuharius], son of ---.  Tehel & his wife had three children: 

i)          MAIN (-before [1080]).  "…Maini filii Teheu…" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which "Guillaume fils de Rivallon" restored property to Mont-Saint-Michel, with the consent of "sa mère Heremburge et de ses frères Jean et Gelduin"[1125].  "Maino filius Theogineti […Theonus]" donated the churches of Gugnen and Voël to Combourg priory, with the consent of "filiis suis Haimone et Gauterio, et Alanus filius Flaudi", by undated charter[1126]m ---.  The name of Main´s wife is not known.  Main & his wife had two children: 

(a)       HAMON .  "Maino filius Theogineti […Theonus]" donated the churches of Gugnen and Voël to Combourg priory, with the consent of "filiis suis Haimone et Gauterio, et Alanus filius Flaudi", by undated charter[1127].  "Haimo filius Maini" donated "quartam partem ecclesia Nogialii" to Combourg priory, with the consent of "uxor eius Basilia…et Guillelmus et Gauterius fratres ipsius Haimonis et dominus suus Rivallonus dominus Doli castri filius Johannis archiepiscopi", by charter dated 1095[1128].  "Hamo filius Maini" donated tithes from Fresnaie to Saint-Florent, for the souls of "…patruique sui Rotberti", confirmed by "Guillelmus frater eius", by undated charter (dated to [1080]) witnessed by "Baderon…"[1129]m BASILIA, daughter of ---.  "Haimo filius Maini" donated "quartam partem ecclesia Nogialii" to Combourg priory, with the consent of "uxor eius Basilia…et Guillelmus et Gauterius fratres ipsius Haimonis et dominus suus Rivallonus dominus Doli castri filius Johannis archiepiscopi", by charter dated 1095[1130]

(b)       GUILLAUME .  "Hamo filius Maini" donated tithes from Fresnaie to Saint-Florent, for the souls of "…patruique sui Rotberti", confirmed by "Guillelmus frater eius", by undated charter (dated to [1080]) witnessed by "Baderon…"[1131].  "Haimo filius Maini" donated "quartam partem ecclesia Nogialii" to Combourg priory, with the consent of "uxor eius Basilia…et Guillelmus et Gauterius fratres ipsius Haimonis et dominus suus Rivallonus dominus Doli castri filius Johannis archiepiscopi", by charter dated 1095[1132]

(c)       GAUTHIER .  "Maino filius Theogineti […Theonus]" donated the churches of Gugnen and Voël to Combourg priory, with the consent of "filiis suis Haimone et Gauterio, et Alanus filius Flaudi", by undated charter[1133].  "Haimo filius Maini" donated "quartam partem ecclesia Nogialii" to Combourg priory, with the consent of "uxor eius Basilia…et Guillelmus et Gauterius fratres ipsius Haimonis et dominus suus Rivallonus dominus Doli castri filius Johannis archiepiscopi", by charter dated 1095[1134]

ii)         ROBERT (-before [1080]).  "Hamo filius Maini" donated tithes from Fresnaie to Saint-Florent, for the souls of "…patruique sui Rotberti", confirmed by "Guillelmus frater eius", by undated charter (dated to [1080]) witnessed by "Baderon…"[1135]

iii)        BRIAND .  "Briencius" [signed a subsequent charter "Brientio filio Tiherni"] founded the priory of Beré "a castro Briencii situm", with the consent of "matris meæ Innoguent et conjugis meæ Adelendis necnon et filiorum meorum Gaufridi…Teherii simulque Guidonis", by  undated charter[1136]

-         SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAUBRIAND

Hamon [I] had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

f)          SALOMON .  An enquiry made at Dol by order of Henry II King of England dated Oct 1181 records that "Guingeneus Dolensis archiepisc. et Ruellen Capra Canuta, Josselinus de Dinan et Salomon bastardus fratres fuerunt"[1137]

 

 

 

I.        SEIGNEURS de DINAN

 

 

1.         JOSCELIN [I] de Dinan, son of HAMON [I] Vicomte de Dinan & his wife Roiantelina --- .  "Junkeneus archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, with the advice of "fratrum meorum Haimoni…vicecomitis et Goszelini atque Riuualloni", by charter dated to [1029/37][1138].  "Goscelinus de Dinam…Rivallonus frater eius…Arveus…Radulfus…filius Donnalloni" donated "suam partem de decima terræ sancti Paterni" to Angers Saint-Nicolas by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "Fretaldus et Hato pater eius"[1139].  An enquiry made at Dol by order of Henry II King of England dated Oct 1181 records that "Guingeneus Dolensis archiepisc. et Ruellen Capra Canuta, Josselinus de Dinan et Salomon bastardus fratres fuerunt"[1140]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         RIWALLON .  "Rivallonus…Rufus frater Goffredi de Dinan" donated property to "monachis in Valle juxta castrum [Dinan]", with the consent of "Ozio uxor Goffredi et filii eius…Oliverius, Alanus" by undated charter[1141]

2.         GEOFFROY [I] de Dinan (-1123 or after).  A charter dated 1108 records the foundation of the priory of Saint-Malo de Dinan by "Gaufredus Dinanensis dominus…[et] filius eius Oliverius", with the consent of "uxore eius Radegunde…cognominata…Oriel et filiis suis Willelmo, Rollando atque Goscelin"[1142].  "Gaufredus Dinannensis dominus…primogenitus filius meus Oliverius" donated property to Saint-Malo de Dinan, with the consent of "uxor mea Orieldis", by charter dated 1122[1143].  "…Gaufredus de Dinanno, Rainaldus de Castrogunterii…" witnessed the charter dated 1123 which records donations to Saint-Malo de Dinan by "Johannes Gulterii cujusdam filii"[1144]m RADEGONDE [Oriel], daughter of --- (-after 1122).  A charter dated 1108 records the foundation of the priory of Saint-Malo de Dinan by "Gaufredus Dinanensis dominus…[et] filius eius Oliverius", with the consent of "uxore eius Radegunde…cognominata…Oriel et filiis suis Willelmo, Rollando atque Goscelin"[1145].  "Gaufredus Dinannensis dominus…primogenitus filius meus Oliverius" donated property to Saint-Malo de Dinan, with the consent of "uxor mea Orieldis", by charter dated 1122[1146].  "Rivallonus…Rufus frater Goffredi de Dinan" donated property to "monachis in Valle juxta castrum [Dinan]", with the consent of "Ozio uxor Goffredi et filii eius…Oliverius, Alanus" by undated charter[1147].  Geoffroy [I] & his wife had five children: 

a)         OLIVIER [II] de Dinan (-1150).  "Oliverius prior filius Gaufredi domini Dinanensis" founded the priory of Jugon, with the consent of "patre suo et Guillelmo cognomento Abbate fratre suo" dated to [1108], made later donations with the consent of "uxor eius…Gonnor et filii eius Gaufridus…et Guillelmus", recorded in an undated charter which also records subsequent donations by "Gauffredum Oliverii filium et fratres suos" signed by "Goffredus, Alanus, Oliverius fratres et dominus hujus castri"[1148].  A charter dated 1108 records the foundation of the priory of Saint-Malo de Dinan by "Gaufredus Dinanensis dominus…[et] filius eius Oliverius", with the consent of "uxore eius Radegunde…cognominata…Oriel et filiis suis Willelmo, Rollando atque Goscelin"[1149].  "Gaufredus Dinannensis dominus…primogenitus filius meus Oliverius" donated property to Saint-Malo de Dinan, with the consent of "uxor mea Orieldis", by charter dated 1122[1150].  "Rivallonus…Rufus frater Goffredi de Dinan" donated property to "monachis in Valle juxta castrum [Dinan]", with the consent of "Ozio uxor Goffredi et filii eius…Oliverius, Alanus" by undated charter[1151].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1150 of "Oliverius de Dinan"[1152].  He held land at Hartland, Devon, and founded the priory of Jugon[1153]m GONNOR, daughter of ---.  "Oliverius prior filius Gaufredi domini Dinanensis" founded the priory of Jugon, with the consent of "patre suo et Guillelmo cognomento Abbate fratre suo" dated to [1108], made later donations with the consent of "uxor eius…Gonnor et filii eius Gaufridus…et Guillelmus"[1154].  Olivier & his wife had four children: 

i)          GEOFFROY .  "Oliverius prior filius Gaufredi domini Dinanensis" founded the priory of Jugon, with the consent of "patre suo et Guillelmo cognomento Abbate fratre suo" dated to [1108], made later donations with the consent of "uxor eius…Gonnor et filii eius Gaufridus…et Guillelmus", recorded in an undated charter which also records subsequent donations by "Gauffredum Oliverii filium et fratres suos" signed by "Goffredus, Alanus, Oliverius fratres et dominus hujus castri"[1155].  "Gaufridus dominus Dinnani" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Jacut, with the consent of "fratrum meorum", by charter dated 1179[1156].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1167 of "Gaufridus Oliverii filius"[1157].  A charter of Henry II King of England confirms the donation by “Gaufridus filius Oliveri de Dynam” to Hertland Abbey[1158].  A charter of Richard I King of England confirms the foundation of Hertland Abbey by “Gaufridi de Dinam senioris et Oliveri fratris sui, et Gaufridi filii Oliveri” to Hertland Abbey[1159]m ---.  The name of Geoffroy's wife is not known.  Geoffroy & his wife had one child: 

(a)       OLIVIER .  "Alanus de Dinanno" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Boquen by "Hingaudus Judicaeli quondam filius" with the consent of "fratrum suorum Gauterii…et Rollandi", with the consent of "Oliverius filius Gaufredi de Dinanno qui tunc erat in mea custodia", by undated charter dated to the mid-12th century[1160]

ii)         GUILLAUME .  "Oliverius prior filius Gaufredi domini Dinanensis" founded the priory of Jugon, with the consent of "patre suo et Guillelmo cognomento Abbate fratre suo" dated to [1108], made later donations with the consent of "uxor eius…Gonnor et filii eius Gaufridus…et Guillelmus"[1161]

iii)        ALAIN de Dinan .  "Gauffredum Oliverii filium et fratres suos" donated property to the priory of Jugon by undated charter, signed by "Goffredus, Alanus, Oliverius fratres et dominus hujus castri"[1162]

iv)       OLIVIER [III] de Dinan (-1209).  "Gauffredum Oliverii filium et fratres suos" donated property to the priory of Jugon by undated charter, signed by "Goffredus, Alanus, Oliverius fratres et dominus hujus castri"[1163].  "Oliverus de Dinnano Oliverii filius" donated land "in Anglia, Nothoellam...et Helpefort" to Marmoutier by charter dated 18 Jun “tempore dissensionis regis Angliæ Henrici et filii sui Henrici” [1173][1164].  "Oliverius de Dinanno, Oliverii filius" donated "terras in Anglia" to Saint-Malo de Dinan by charter dated 18 Jun 1182, witnessed by "Alano filio Brient…"[1165].  "Oliverius de Dinnano" founded a chapel at St Aubin des Bois by undated charter[1166].  A charter of Richard I King of England confirms the foundation of Hertland Abbey by “Gaufridi de Dinam senioris et Oliveri fratris sui, et Gaufridi filii Oliveri” to Hertland Abbey[1167].  "Hawis de Dinan et Sibill soror eius" paid a fine for "de Bokeland, Corfton in Sumerset et de Hertilande in Devon…vs Oliverum de Dinan", dated 1204[1168].  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1209 of "Oliverius de Dinano, filius Gaufredi"[1169]m ---.  The name of Olivier´s wife is not known.  Olivier & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GEOFFROY [III] de Dinan .  A charter of Richard I King of England confirms the foundation of Hertland Abbey by “Gaufridi de Dinam senioris et Oliveri fratris sui, et Gaufridi filii Oliveri” to Hertland Abbey[1170].   

b)         ALAIN (-1157, bur St Jacutus).  "Rivallonus…Rufus frater Goffredi de Dinan" donated property to "monachis in Valle juxta castrum [Dinan]", with the consent of "Ozio uxor Goffredi et filii eius…Oliverius, Alanus" by undated charter[1171].  Geslin de Bourgogne states that he was the second son of Geoffroy, held the fief of Bécherel, founded a priory at his castle (whose archives are now lost), and later inherited the castle of Léhon[1172].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Alano de Dina" in Dorsetshire, Cambridgeshire, and Huntingdonshire (twice)[1173].  "Alanus de Dinanno" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Boquen by "Hingaudus Judicaeli quondam filius" with the consent of "fratrum suorum Gauterii…et Rollandi", with the consent of "Oliverius filius Gaufredi de Dinanno qui tunc erat in mea custodia", by undated charter dated to the mid-12th century[1174].  "Alanus de Dinan" donated property to Lehon by charter dated 1149, witnessed by "Roberto fratre meo…"[1175].  The 1156 Pipe Roll records "Alano de Dinan" in Berkshire, "in Gainz" yielding ₤15[1176].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1157 of "Alanus Oliverii filius" and his burial "apud S. Jacutum"[1177].  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records that "Alanus Dinanensis" was killed in 1157[1178]m ---.  The name of Alain´s wife is not known.  Alain & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROLAND de Dinan (-[1186/87]).  "Rollandus filius Alani de Dinan" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie-de-Boquen by charter dated 1148[1179].  Sire de Bécherel.  "Rollandus, Dinanni dominus" founded the priory of Bécherel by undated charter, dated to the mid-12th century, which names "Gaufridus Dinannensis avus meus…et filius eius Alanus pater meus"[1180].  "Rollandus de Dinanno" granted property to Sauvigny with the consent of "Alano de Vitreio nepote meo", stating that the latter was his heir, by undated charter[1181].  "…Rollando de Dinan…" witnessed the charter dated to 1155 or before under which "Conanus dux Britannie et comes Richemundie" donated "ecclesiam de Gaituna" to Kirkstead Abbey[1182].  The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Roll de Dinan" in Berkshire, "in Gainz" yielding ₤15[1183]Seigneur de Dinan.  "Rollandus, Dinanni dominus" confirmed Marmoutier´s possession of the priory of Bécherel by charter dated 1164, which names "pater meus Alanus"[1184].  "Rollando de Dinan, Raginaldo Boterel…" witnessed the charter dated to [1173/80] which records the agreement between the abbey of Saint-Melaine and the abbey of Notre-Dame du Pont-Pilard brokered by "Gaufridi ducis Britannie et comitis Richemundie et Rollandi de Dinan predicte abbacie fundatoris et Andree de Vitreio"[1185].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Roll de Dinan…in Gainz" in Berkshire[1186].  "Radulfo de Filgeriis, Allano de Rohan, Rollando de Dinanno…" witnessed the charter dated to [1185/86] under which "Gaufridus Henrici regis filius, dux Britannie, comes Richemont" confirmed the donations to the abbey of Pont-Pillard by its founders "Rollando et Allano de Dinanno"[1187]

ii)         EMMA de Dinan (-after 7 Nov 1202)Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Robertus de Vitreio" and the succession of "filius suus Andreas natus ex sorore Rolandi de Dinan"[1188].  Her name is confirmed by the charter dated 1 Apr 1161 under which "Robertus dominus Vitreii" granted property to Sauvigny with the consent of "Andrea filio meo et Emma matre mea et Emma uxore mea"[1189].  Her first marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1155/73] under which "Emma de Vitreio" confirmed a donation of property to the priory of Sainte-Croix de Vitré by "Hugonis de Aleia…tunc maritus meus", with the consent of "filio meo Johanni", by charter dated to [1155/73][1190].  An order of King John dated 7 Nov 1202 granted safe passage for a visit to "Andr de Vitreio et Emme matris sue"[1191]m firstly HUGUES d´Alluie, son of ---.  m secondly ROBERT [III] Seigneur de Vitré, son of ROBERT [II] Seigneur de Vitré & his wife Emma de la Guerche (-11 Nov 1173).] 

c)         GUILLAUME .  "Oliverius prior filius Gaufredi domini Dinanensis" founded the priory of Jugon, with the consent of "patre suo et Guillelmo cognomento Abbate fratre suo" dated to [1108], made later donations with the consent of "uxor eius…Gonnor et filii eius Gaufridus…et Guillelmus"[1192].  A charter dated 1108 records the foundation of the priory of Saint-Malo de Dinan by "Gaufredus Dinanensis dominus…[et] filius eius Oliverius", with the consent of "uxore eius Radegunde…cognominata…Oriel et filiis suis Willelmo, Rollando atque Goscelin"[1193]

d)         ROLAND .  A charter dated 1108 records the foundation of the priory of Saint-Malo de Dinan by "Gaufredus Dinanensis dominus…[et] filius eius Oliverius", with the consent of "uxore eius Radegunde…cognominata…Oriel et filiis suis Willelmo, Rollando atque Goscelin"[1194].  Geslin de Bourgogne suggests that he was ancestor of the branch of Montafilant, although highlights that there is no proof that this is correct[1195]

e)         JOSCELIN .  A charter dated 1108 records the foundation of the priory of Saint-Malo de Dinan by "Gaufredus Dinanensis dominus…[et] filius eius Oliverius", with the consent of "uxore eius Radegunde…cognominata…Oriel et filiis suis Willelmo, Rollando atque Goscelin"[1196].  The 1156 and 1157 Pipe Rolls records "Josce de Dinan" in Berkshire, "in Lamburna" yielding ₤66 (1156) and ₤76 (1157)[1197].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Jozo de Dynan" donated “terram xvii solidorum in Lamborne…" on becoming a monk at St Peter´s, that "Sibilla filia Jazonis" confirmed her father´s donation and donated further property[1198]m ---.  The name of Joscelin´s wife is not known.  Joscelin & his wife had one child: 

i)          HAWISE de Dinan (-1226 or after).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Hawyse de Dynan" exchanged property donated by her father, that “Jozo de Plukenya" confirmed the donation of "Jazonis avi sui", that "Hugo de Plukenya" confirmed the donation of "Jazonis de Dynan" and donated further property, and that "Jozo de Plukeneya filius Hugonis" confirmed the foregoing[1199].  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by two lawsuits recorded in 1194 in which, in the first, "Hawisia de Dinat…Fulkon fil Warin" and "--- Sibill de Dinat uxore" are named, and in the second "Fulko fil Warin…Hawiss uxor sue" and "Sibill uxor Hug de Plugenai"[1200].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Fulcho f Warini et Hawisa uxor eius" in Wiltshire[1201].  "Hawis de Dinan et Sibill soror eius" paid a fine for "de Bokeland, Corfton in Sumerset et de Hertilande in Devon…vs Oliverum de Dinan", dated 1204[1202]m FULK FitzWarin [II], son of FULK FitzWarin [I] & his wife --- (-[1195/98]). 

ii)         SIBYLLE de Dinan (-1212).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Jozo de Dynan" donated “terram xvii solidorum in Lamborne…" on becoming a monk at St Peter´s, that "Sibilla filia Jazonis" confirmed her father´s donation and donated further property[1203].  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by two lawsuits recorded in 1194 in which, in the first, "Hawisia de Dinat…Fulkon fil Warin" and "--- Sibill de Dinat uxore" are named, and in the second "Fulko fil Warin…Hawiss uxor sue" and "Sibill uxor Hug de Plugenai"[1204].  "Hawis de Dinan et Sibill soror eius" paid a fine for "de Bokeland, Corfton in Sumerset et de Hertilande in Devon…vs Oliverum de Dinan", dated 1204[1205].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Hawyse de Dynan" exchanged property donated by her father, that “Jozo de Plukenya" confirmed the donation of "Jazonis avi sui", that "Hugo de Plukenya" confirmed the donation of "Jazonis de Dynan" and donated further property, and that "Jozo de Plukeneya filius Hugonis" confirmed the foregoing[1206]m HUGH de Plugenai, son of ---. 

f)          [ROBERT (-after 1149).  "Alanus de Dinan" donated property to Lehon by charter dated 1149, witnessed by "Roberto fratre meo…"[1207].  It is uncertain whether Robert was another brother of Alain as no other reference has been found to him.  It is possible that "Roberto" in this charter was a transcription error for "Rolando".] 

 

 

1.         ROLAND de Dinan (-before 1242).  m ---.  The name of Roland´s wife is not known.  Roland & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN de Dinan (-after Aug 1242).  "Johannes de Dinanno miles, filius Rolandi de Dinanno militis" abandoned rights of "forcagium" (harvest related?) in favour of the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Marie uxoris nostre filie Prigencii de Trunkedo", by charter dated Aug 1242[1208]m MARIE, daughter of PRIGENT de Tonquedec & his wife --- (-after 1242).  "Johannes de Dinanno miles, filius Rolandi de Dinanno militis" abandoned rights of "forcagium" (harvest related?) in favour of the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Marie uxoris nostre filie Prigencii de Trunkedo", by charter dated Aug 1242[1209]

 

2.         ROLAND de Dinan (-1266).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the death in 1266 of “dominus Rollandus de Dinanno miles[1210]

 

3.         ROLAND de Dinan (-after 1 May 1303).  The testament of "Rollandus de Dynanno miles" is dated 1 May 1303 and appoints as executors "Gaufridum filium meum et heredem, dominum Radulphum de Quoiquen consanguineum meum…"[1211]m AME de Léon, daughter of HERVE [III] Vicomte de Léon & his wife Marguerite ---.  "Rollant de Dinam chevalier et Ames a famme" ratified the sale of the county of Léon by the duke of Brittany by charter dated Oct 1276[1212].  Roland & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFROY de Dinan .  The testament of "Rollandus de Dynanno miles" is dated 1 May 1303 and appoints as executors "Gaufridum filium meum et heredem, dominum Radulphum de Quoiquen consanguineum meum…"[1213]

 

 

 

J.      SEIGNEURS de DINAN (SEIGNEURS de VITRE)

 

 

ALAIN de Vitré, son of ROBERT Seigneur de Vitré & his wife Emma de Dinan (-before Oct 1200).  "Rollandus de Dinanno" granted property to Sauvigny with the consent of "Alano de Vitreio nepote meo", stating that the latter was his heir, by undated charter[1214].  He adopted the name "de Dinan" as heir to his maternal uncle.  Seigneur de Dinan.  "Andreas de Vitreio" donated property to Sauvigny, for the souls of "patris mei Roberti et matris mee Emme et uxoris mee Mathildis", with the consent of "Mathildis uxor mea et fratres mei Alanus et Robertus", by charter dated to [1173/84][1215].  "Andreas dominus Vitrei" donated property to Sauvigny, with the consent of "fratribus meis Alano, Roberto, Joscelino", by charter dated to [1175/84][1216]

m as her first husband, CLEMENCE de Fougères, daughter of GUILLAUME de Fougères & his wife Agatha du Hommet (-1252).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   She married secondly (before 7 Oct 1200) as his second wife, Ranulf "de Blundeville" Earl of Chester.  The Annales Cestrienses record in 1200 that “Rannulphus comes Cestrie”, having left “comitssa Britannie...Constancia”, married “filiam Radulphi de Feugis[1217].  King John confirmed "manerio de Belinton" made by "Gaufr de Fulgeriis" to "R. com Cestr…in maritagio cum Clementia sorore sua" by charter dated 29 May 1204[1218].  The Annals of Burton record the death “post Natale Domini” in 1252 of “Clementia comitissa de Rependun relicta…Ranulfi quondam comitis Cestriæ[1219]

Alain & his wife had one child: 

1.         GERVAISE de Vitré (-[1235/41])Vicomtesse de Dinan"Juhellus dominus Meduanæ et Dinani…Gervasia uxor mea filia Alani de Dinan…Isabella mater mea" founded the abbey of Fontaine-Daniel by charter dated 19 May 1205[1220].  "Juhel seigneur de Mayenne" donated property to the priory of Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "Gervaise sa femme", by charter dated 12 Feb 1207, witnessed by "…Isabelle de Mayenne…"[1221].  "Juhellus de Meduana…cum assensu…Gervasie uxoris mee" confirmed the donation of property to Craon Bonshommes made by "Stephanum de Chastelou et eius uxorem" by charter dated 1210[1222].  "Juhellus Meduane et Dinanni dominus" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "Gervasia uxore mea...filiabus meis Isabel et Margarita et Johanna", by charter dated 1212[1223].  The obituary of Craon Bonshommes records the death 12 Apr of "dominus Juhellus de Meduana dominus Meduane et Dinani fundator prioratus de Monteguidonis", adding that he donated property with the consent of "Gervasie uxoris sue filie et heredis Theobaldi de Dinan"[1224].  "Richardus Maresschallus dominus Dinanni et Gervasia eius uxor" confirmed donations to the abbey of Beaulieu by charter dated 1224[1225].  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis…et Margarita uxor mea" renewed a donation of property to the abbey of Bon-Repos by "Gervasia domina Dinani", for the soul of "bone memorie Gaufridi vicecomitis de Rohan quondam mariti sui", by charter dated 1229[1226].  "Gervasia domina de Dynan" confirmed donations by "bone memorie Juhelli de Meduana quondam mariti nostri" to the abbey of Saint-Aubin-des-Bois by charter dated 1235[1227].  "Gervasia domina Dynanni" donated property to Saint-Aubin-des-Bois after the death of "bone memorie Richardi Marischallis, quondam mariti mei" by charter dated 1236[1228].  Her date of death is confirmed by the charter dated 1241 under which "Droco de Melloto, Locharam et Meduane dominus" [her son-in-law] wrote to "fratri suo domino Henrico de Avalgor", naming "bone memorie domine Gervasie"[1229]m firstly (before 1189) JUHEL Seigneur de Mayenne, son of GEOFFROY Seigneur de Mayenne & his second wife Isabelle de Meulan (-killed in battle 2 or 4 May 1220, bur Fontaine-Daniel).  m secondly (after 4 May 1220) as his second wife, GEOFFROY [I] Vicomte de Rohan, son of ALAIN [IV] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Mabile de Fougères (-15 Sep 1221).  m thirdly (before Jan 1224) RICHARD Marshal, son of WILLIAM Marshal Earl of Pembroke & his wife Isabel Ctss of Pembroke (-Kilkenny Castle 16 Apr 1234, bur Kilkenny, Church of the Franciscans).  He succeeded as Seigneur de Dinan in 1224, de iure uxoris[1230].  He succeeded his brother in 1231 as Earl of Pembroke, hereditary Master Marshal. 

 

 

 

K.      SEIGNEURS de DOL

 

 

1.         RIVALLON [I] m ---.  The name of Rivallon's wife is not known.  Rivallon [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROIANTELINA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m HAMON [I] Vicomte de Dinan, son of ---. 

 

 

RIVALLON de Dinan, son of HAMON [I] Vicomte de Dinan & his wife Roiantelina de Dol (-after [1064/65]).  An enquiry made at Dol by order of Henry II King of England dated Oct 1181 records that "Guingeneus Dolensis archiepisc. et Ruellen Capra Canuta, Josselinus de Dinan et Salomon bastardus fratres fuerunt"[1231].  "Junkeneus archiepiscopus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, with the advice of "fratrum meorum Haimoni…vicecomitis et Goszelini atque Riuualloni", by charter dated to [1029/37][1232].  "Manigenius…miles" founded the priory of Saint-Cyr-lès-Rennes and donated it to Tours Saint-Julien by charter dated 23 May 1037, subscribed by "Alanus dux…Eudonis fratris Alani ducis Britannorum, Gotzelini vicecomitis, Rualentis domini Doli…"[1233]Seigneur de Dol et de Combour.  "Goscelinus de Dinam…Rivallonus frater eius…Arveus…Radulfus…filius Donnalloni" donated "suam partem de decima terræ sancti Paterni" to Angers Saint-Nicolas by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "Fretaldus et Hato pater eius"[1234].  "Rivallonus Britannicus gente…castri possessor…Combornium" donated property to Marmoutiers, with the consent of "meam…conjugem…Aremburgem atque liberos Guillelmum, Johannem, Gilduinum, Gaufredum, Aduisam", by undated charter[1235].  "…Rivallonus de Dol…" witnessed the charter dated 1064 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy settled a claim in favour of the monks of Marmoutier relating to property donated by "Guido de Valle"[1236].  The Breton/Norman war of 1064/65 was triggered by the rebellion of Rivallon [I] de Dol, who was supported by Guillaume II Duke of Normandy. 

m EREMBURGE, daughter of ---.  "Guillaume fils de Rivallon" restored property to Mont-Saint-Michel, with the consent of "sa mère Heremburge et de ses frères Jean et Gelduin" by charter dated [1060][1237].  Dion suggests that “il est fort probable qu’Ebrard fut aussi père de la femme de Rudalen seigneur de Dol en Bretagne”, presumably basing his hypothesis on the couple naming one of their sons Gilduin although this is not stated explicitly[1238].  If correct, this means that she was Eremburge de Breteuil, daughter of Erard [I] Comte de Breteuil, Vicomte de Chartres & his wife Humberge ---.  "Rivallonus Britannicus gente…castri possessor…Combornium" donated property to Marmoutiers, with the consent of "meam…conjugem…Aremburgem atque liberos Guillelmum, Johannem, Gilduinum, Gaufredum, Aduisam", by undated charter[1239]

Rivallon [II] & his wife had five children: 

1.         GUILLAUME (-after [1082]).  "Rivallonus Britannicus gente…castri possessor…Combornium" donated property to Marmoutiers, with the consent of "meam…conjugem…Aremburgem atque liberos Guillelmum, Johannem, Gilduinum, Gaufredum, Aduisam", by undated charter[1240].  "Guillaume fils de Rivallon" restored property to Mont-Saint-Michel, with the consent of "sa mère Heremburge et de ses frères Jean et Gelduin" by charter dated [1060][1241].  "Johannes frater donni abbatis Wilelmi" donated half "terræ de Cels" to Saint-Florent de Saumur on becoming a monk there, by charter dated to [1082][1242].  William I King of England confirmed the previous donation to Saint-Florent de Saumur by "domni Guillelmi filii Rivallonis de Dolo et eiusdem loci abbatis et fratris sui Johannis" by charter dated to [1083][1243].  Abbé de Saumur. 

2.         JEAN [I] (-27 Jan, after 1118).  "Johannes frater donni abbatis Wilelmi" donated half "terræ de Cels" to Saint-Florent de Saumur on becoming a monk there, by charter dated to [1082][1244].  William I King of England confirmed the previous donation to Saint-Florent de Saumur by "domni Guillelmi filii Rivallonis de Dolo et eiusdem loci abbatis et fratris sui Johannis" by charter dated to [1083][1245]Seigneur de Dol

-        see below

3.         GILDUIN (-after 1076).  "Rivallonus Britannicus gente…castri possessor…Combornium" donated property to Marmoutiers, with the consent of "meam…conjugem…Aremburgem atque liberos Guillelmum, Johannem, Gilduinum, Gaufredum, Aduisam", by undated charter[1246].  "Guillaume fils de Rivallon" restored property to Mont-Saint-Michel, with the consent of "sa mère Heremburge et de ses frères Jean et Gelduin" by charter dated [1060][1247].  Tresvaux records that he was proposed as bishop of Dol in 1076, but considered by Pope Gregory VII too young to be ordained as bishop, after which he retired as a monk to Saint-Pierre de Chartres, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1248]

4.         GEOFFROY .  "Rivallonus Britannicus gente…castri possessor…Combornium" donated property to Marmoutiers, with the consent of "meam…conjugem…Aremburgem atque liberos Guillelmum, Johannem, Gilduinum, Gaufredum, Aduisam", by undated charter[1249].  "Gauffredus Rivallonis filius" donated property to Mont-Saint-Michel by undated charter[1250].  Supposedly ancestor of the de Gorron family. 

5.         HAWISE .  "Rivallonus Britannicus gente…castri possessor…Combornium" donated property to Marmoutiers, with the consent of "meam…conjugem…Aremburgem atque liberos Guillelmum, Johannem, Gilduinum, Gaufredum, Aduisam", by undated charter[1251]m ALVEUS Vicomte de Poher, son of ---. 

 

 

JEAN [I] de Dol, son of RIVALLON [II] Seigneur de Dol & his wife Eremburge de Breteuil (-27 Jan, after 1118).  "Rivallonus Britannicus gente…castri possessor…Combornium" donated property to Marmoutiers, with the consent of "meam…conjugem…Aremburgem atque liberos Guillelmum, Johannem, Gilduinum, Gaufredum, Aduisam", by undated charter[1252].  "Johannes frater donni abbatis Wilelmi" donated half "terræ de Cels" to Saint-Florent de Saumur on becoming a monk there, by charter dated to [1082][1253].  William I King of England confirmed the previous donation to Saint-Florent de Saumur by "domni Guillelmi filii Rivallonis de Dolo et eiusdem loci abbatis et fratris sui Johannis" by charter dated to [1083][1254].  "Guillaume fils de Rivallon" restored property to Mont-Saint-Michel, with the consent of "sa mère Heremburge et de ses frères Jean et Gelduin" by charter dated [1060][1255]Seigneur de Dol.  Tresvaux appears to confuse two archbishops of Dol named Jean de Dol, recording that the first was ordained as Archbishop of Dol in 1082 and witnessed charters in 1115 and 1118, and in a later passage that the second was elected after 1098, died before he was consecrated, and was buried in the church of Sainte-Sophie, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1256]

m ---.  The name of Jean's wife is not known. 

Jean [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.         RIVALLON [III] (-after 1095).  "Haimo filius Maini" donated property to Combourg priory, with the consent of "uxor eius Basilia…et Guillelmus et Gauterius fratres ipsius Haimonis, et dominus suus Rivallonus dominus Doli Castri filius Johannis archiepiscopi", by charter dated 1095[1257]

2.         GILDUIN (-1137).  m NOGA de Tinteniac, daughter of ---.  "Johannes dominus Dolensis cum Noga matre mea" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "comite Stephano nepote nostro", by undated charter[1258].  Gilduin & his wife had two children: 

a)         JEANSeigneur de Dol.  "Johannes dominus Dolensis cum Noga matre mea" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "comite Stephano nepote nostro", by undated charter[1259]m ---.  The name of Jean´s wife is not known.  Jean & his wife had two children: 

i)          ISEUT .  "Hasculfus filius Johannis de Soligneio dominus Dolensis et Iseut uxor mea et Dionysia soror eiusdem…filia Johannes de Dol" confirmed donations to "abbatiæ de Veteri-villa" made by "dominus Johannes Dolensis" by charter dated 1183 witnessed by "dominus Johannes de Soligneio pater meus et Adam avunculus meus…"[1260]m HASCULF de Soligny, son of JEAN Seigneur de Soligny & his wife ---.  Seigneur de Dol.  "Johannes de Dolo filius H. de Soligneio" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "A. uxore mea, Jelduino fil. meo, Noga filia mea", by charter dated 1210[1261].  "Johannes de Dolo dominus de Combor" recorded donations of property to Vieuville, with the consent of "uxore mea Alienor", by charter dated Apr 1214[1262].  "Jodoinus de Dolo miles" confirmed donations made to le Tronchet by “Alanus filius Jordani senescallus Dolensis fundator” by charter dated Apr 1229[1263].  The testament of "Joannes de Dolo dominus Comburnii Sal. Jodoinus filius meus primogenitus" is dated 1235 and made with the consent of “Andree domini Vitreii et Alienor sororis sue uxoris dicti Jodoini[1264]

ii)         DENISE .  "Hasculfus filius Johannis de Soligneio dominus Dolensis et Iseut uxor mea et Dionysia soror eiusdem…filia Johannes de Dol" confirmed donations to "abbatiæ de Veteri-villa" made by "dominus Johannes Dolensis" by charter dated 1183 witnessed by "dominus Johannes de Soligneio pater meus et Adam avunculus meus…"[1265]

b)         HAWISE .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Robt de Abrinc" in Devonshire accounting to the king for his malevolence for his marriage to "filia Geldewini de Dol"[1266]Domesday Descendants mentions that she is named Hawise in one of the charters of her husband "for the Mont"[1267]m as his first wife, ROBERT d'Avranches, son of WILLIAM FitzWimund d'Avranches & his wife Mathilde --- (-before 1142). 

3.         HAWISE .  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by an undated charter which records that "Johannes dominus Dolensis cum Noga matre mea" donated property to Vieuville, with the consent of "comite Stephano nepote nostro" [her grandson][1268].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified, although she is named “H” in the charter of her son dated 1152.  m GEOFFROY [II] "Boterel" de Penthièvre, son of ETIENNE de Bretagne Lord of Richmond & his wife Havise de Guingamp ([before 1100]-1148).  Comte de Penthièvre [1135/36]. 

 

 

 

L.      SENECHAUX de DOL

 

 

The reconstruction of the following family is based on that proposed by Paul Fox, with some minor adjustments, which appears to reflect the information recorded in the primary sources[1269].  Round, in his early 20th century study on the origins of the Stewarts, splits "Alan son of Flaald" into two persons, the second being the supposed nephew of the first[1270].  However, Round cites no primary source which confirms that this is correct, and it is much more reasonable to suppose, as proposed by Fox, that all the primary source records for this name in the latter part of the 11th and the early 12th centuries refer to the same person[1271]

 

 

1.         HATO [I] .  "…De nostris hominibus: Hato et Willelmus, butellarius" witnessed the undated charter (dated to [1027/39]) under which "Junkeneus archiepiscopus" donated "plebiculam Guernuidel" to Redon[1272]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known.  The name and chronology suggests that Hato [I] may have been their father, but no primary source has been identified which confirms that this affiliation is correct beyond doubt. 

1.         FLAALD (-[1070/76]).  "Goscelinus de Dinam…Rivallonus frater eius…Arveus…Radulfus…filius Donnalloni" donated "suam partem de decima terræ sancti Paterni" to Angers Saint-Nicolas by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "Fretaldus et Hato pater eius"[1273]m ---.  The name of Flaald´s wife is not known.  Flaald & his wife had three children: 

a)         ALAIN (-[before 1114]).  Hereditary Seneschal of Dol.  "Maino filius Theogineti […Theonus]" donated the churches of Gugnen and Voël to Combourg priory, with the consent of "filiis suis Haimone et Gauterio, et Alanus filius Flaudi", by undated charter[1274]

-        see below

b)         FLAAD .  “Alanus Siniscallus” granted rights to Mezvoit, a cell of Saint-Florent near Dol, with the consent of “Fledaldus frater eius”, in return for admitting his brother Rhiwallon into the fraternity[1275].  "Flaald son of Flaald" witnessed a charter dated Jan 1087 which records a donation of land at Mezvoit to Dol[1276]

c)         RIVALLON .  “Alanus Siniscallus” granted rights to Mezuoit, a cell of Saint-Florent near Dol, with the consent of “Fledaldus frater eius”, in return for admitting his brother Rhiwallon into the fraternity[1277].  Monk at St Florent, Saumur.

2.         HATO [II] .  "Goscelinus de Dinam…Rivallonus frater eius…Arveus…Radulfus…filius Donnalloni" donated "suam partem de decima terræ sancti Paterni" to Angers Saint-Nicolas by charter dated to [1050], witnessed by "Fretaldus et Hato pater eius"[1278].  Paul Fox interprets the last phrase in this document and assumes that Hato was the father of Flaald, implying that he was the same Hato who is named in the charter dated to [1027/39] which is quoted above[1279].  However, it is extremely unusual in contemporary documentation for a father to be named after his son.  It is therefore more likely that "pater" in the document represents a transcription error for "frater" and that Hato was the same person as the brother of Flaald who is named in the following document.  This of course does not prevent the brothers Flaald and Hato being the sons of the earlier Hato, but no source has been identified which confirms that this parentage is correct.  "…Hatonis fratris Flotardi…" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which "Guillaume fils de Rivallon" restored property to Mont-Saint-Michel, with the consent of "sa mère Heremburge et de ses frères Jean et Gelduin"[1280]

 

 

ALAIN FitzFlaald, son of FLAALD Seneschal of Dol & his wife --- (-[before 1114]).  Hereditary Seneschal of Dol.  "Maino filius Theogineti […Theonus]" donated the churches of Gugnen and Voël to Combourg priory, with the consent of "filiis suis Haimone et Gauterio, et Alanus filius Flaudi", by undated charter[1281].  "Baderon" donated "villam Beren cum filia sua" to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes, with the consent of "Guillelmo eius filio" and in the presence of "Rivalloni filii Johannis, Radulphi Filicensis", by undated charter, witnessed by "Alanus filius Flaaldi…"[1282].  “Alanus Siniscallus” granted rights to Mezuoit, a cell of Saint-Florent near Dol, with the consent of “Fledaldus frater eius”, in return for admitting his brother Rhiwallon into the fraternity[1283].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Alanus dapifer Dolensis" was present at the capture of Nikaia in 1097[1284].  “…Alanus Flaaldi filius…” subscribed an undated charter of Herbert Bishop of Norwich relating to the foundation of Norwich priory[1285].  “…Alanus Haraldi [presumably an error for "Flaaldi"] filius…” subscribed a charter of Henry I King of England, dated 3 Sep 1101, relating to Norwich priory[1286].  Sheriff of Shropshire: a manuscript reciting the foundation of Shrewsbury abbey records that "Alanus filius Fladaldi" held “honorem vicecomitis Warini” (who was Sheriff of Shropshire) after "filium eius"[1287].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation to Norwich priory of "manerium meum de Eattona" by "Alanus filius Flahaldi" by charter dated to [1107/16][1288].  He established a religious community in 1110, possibly on the site of the future abbey of Haughmond in Shropshire which was later founded by his son William FitzAlan[1289].  “Alanus filius Flaaldi et Adelina uxor mea” donated land at Kempston and Sporle to Castle Acre Priory by undated charter[1290].  “Alan son of Flaald” granted Sporle Priory, Norfolk to Saumur Saint-Florent by charter, dated to before 1122, witnessed by “…Rivallonus Extraneus…[1291].  Round suggests that the witness was the founder of the Lestrange family in Norfolk[1292]

[m firstly ---.  If it is correct, as shown below, that Flaald was the son of Alain, the chronology dictates that he was born from a previous unrecorded marriage of his father.  If this Alain is correctly identified as the "Alanus filius Flaudi" who witnessed the charter for Combourg priory which is quoted above, it is highly likely that his marriage to Adeline de Hesdin was not his first marriage.] 

m [secondly] ([1100/05]) as her first husband, ADELINE [Aveline], daughter of ARNOUL de Hesdin [en Picardie] & his wife Emmeline --- (-after 1126).  “Alanus filius Flaaldi et Adelina uxor mea” donated property to Castle Acre Priory by undated charter[1293].  Her parentage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that "Ernulf de Hesdin" was avunculus of "William fitz Alan castellan and vicecomes of Shrewsbury"[1294].  It is assumed that her [first] marriage took place early in the reign of Henry I King of England, who sponsored her husband´s rise to prominence in England as shown by the king´s charters in which he is named.  Eyton states that Dugdale intimates that "Dame Adeliza" who donated land at Wolston to Burton abbey, by charter dated to before 1114, was Alan FitzFlaad´s widow and the mother of "Sibil" who with her husband Roger de Freville confirmed her mother´s donation by charter dated 1132[1295].  Henry I King of England confirmed an agreement between the bishop of Norwich and "Avelinam de Hesding" concerning "terra de Ettona" by charter dated to [1121/27][1296].  She married secondly Robert FitzWalter of Caen[1297].  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Robertus filius Walteri et Avelina uxor eius" donated "ecclesiam de Nortone", as previously donated by "Elmelina mater Avelinæ ante plures annos", in 1126[1298].  A charter of Henry II King of England, dated 1176, recites donations to Haughmond abbey including that of "Willielmus filius Alani" of "terram de Piperinges" previously enjoyed by "Aveline matris ipsius Willielmi filius Alani"[1299]

Alain & his [first] wife had [one child]: 

1.         [FLAALD (-after 18 Mar [1101/02]).  “…Float filius Alani dapiferi…” witnessed the charter dated to 18 Mar [1101/02] under which William son of Baderon donated the priory of St Mary Monmouth to Saumur Saint-Florent[1300].] 

Alain & his [second] wife had [five] children: 

2.         WILLIAM FitzAlan (-1160).  “Ric comes de Arundell et dom de Albo” confirmed donations of property by “bonæ memoriæ Wil. filii Alani antecessoris nostri” to Shrewsbury Abbey by charter dated “die Martiis in festo Annunciationis beatæ Mariæ anno regni regis Edwardi vicesimo[1301].  "William Fitz Alan" donated land at Piperinges, "previously enjoyed by this mother Avelina", to Haughmond abbey, by charter dated to [1155/58][1302]

-        EARLS of ARUNDEL

3.         JORDAN (-after 1130).  Hereditary Steward of Dol.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Iordan fil Alani" (three entries) in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire[1303].  “Jordanus filius Alani, Maria uxor Jordani, Jordanus, Alanus…filii Jordani” subcribed the charter dated to 1130 under which Geoffroy archbishop-elect of Dol notified the donation of the church of la Fresnais by Jordan, son of Alan, to Marmoutier[1304]m MARIE, daughter of ---.  “Jordanus filius Alani, Maria uxor Jordani, Jordanus, Alanus…filii Jordani” subcribed the charter dated to 1130 under which Geoffroy archbishop-elect of Dol notified the donation of the church of la Fresnais by Jordan, son of Alan, to Marmoutier[1305].  Jordan & his wife had two children: 

a)         JORDAN .  “Jordanus filius Jordani filius Alani” restored a mill at Burton, donated by “Alani filii Flealdi et…Jordani patris mei”, to Saumur Saint-Florent[1306].  “Jordanus filius Alani, Maria uxor Jordani, Jordanus, Alanus…filii Jordani” subcribed the charter dated to 1130 under which Geoffroy archbishop-elect of Dol notified the donation of the church of la Fresnais by Jordan, son of Alan, to Marmoutier[1307]

b)         ALAN (-after 11 Dec [1164/72]).  “Jordanus filius Alani, Maria uxor Jordani, Jordanus, Alanus…filii Jordani” subcribed the charter dated to 1130 under which Geoffroy archbishop-elect of Dol notified the donation of the church of la Fresnais by Jordan, son of Alan, to Marmoutier[1308].  Hereditary Steward of Dol.  “Alani filii Jordani” confirmed the donation by his grandfather “Alan Flauudi” of the tithe of his demesne at Burton to Marmoutier, with the approval of his wife Johanna and son Jordan, by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II[1309].  "Alanus filius quondam Jordani, Dolensis senescalcus" confirmed the donation of “ecclesie...de Troncheto...ecclesia de Ploagat et...quatuor ecclesiis Anglie...Tophor, Boresignas, Garsop et Serretona” to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron by charter dated 11 Dec [1164/72][1310]m JOAN, daughter of ---.  “Alani filii Jordani” confirmed the donation by his grandfather “Alan Flauudi” of the tithe of his demesne at Burton to Marmoutier, with the approval of his wife Johanna and son Jordan, by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II[1311].  “Johanna uxor Alani dapiferi de Dolo et filia ipsius Oliva” donated property to the abbey of Vieuville for the soul of Alain, undated[1312].  Alan & his wife had three children: 

i)          JORDAN .  “Alani filii Jordani” confirmed the donation by his grandfather “Alan Flauudi” of the tithe of his demesne at Burton to Marmoutier, with the approval of his wife Johanna and son Jordan, by charter dated to the reign of King Henry II[1313]m ---.  The name of Jordan´s wife is not known.  Jordan & his wife had one child: 

(a)       ALAIN .  "Jodoinus de Dolo miles" confirmed donations made to le Tronchet by “Alanus filius Jordani senescallus Dolensis fundator” by charter dated Apr 1229[1314]

ii)         OLIVE .  “Johanna uxor Alani dapiferi de Dolo et filia ipsius Oliva” donated property to the abbey of Vieuville for the soul of Alain, undated[1315].  Heiress of Tuxford, Nottinghamshire.  m firstly ROBERT de St John Seigneur de Saint-Jean-le-Thomas, son of ---.  m secondly ([1200]) ROGER de Montbegon, son of ---. 

iii)        ALICE (-1 Sep ----).  The necrology of Dol records the death “Kal Sep” of “Ælicia uxor G[uillelmi] Espine filia Alani Jordanis” donated property to the abbey of Vieuville for the soul of Alain, undated[1316].  Heiress of lands in Brittany.  m GUILLAUME Espine, son of HAMON Espine & his wife ---.  “William Spina son of Hamo” confirmed the donations made to Vieuville abbey “de feodo Aeliz uxoris mee filie Alani Dolensis senescalli”, with the consent of “Alano filio nostro[1317].  Seneschal de Dol. 

4.         WALTER FitzAlan (-1177).  "…Waltero filio Alan" witnessed a charter dated to [1135] by which "David Rex Scottorum" granted Swinton to "Arnulfo…mee militi"[1318].  William FitzAlan invested his brother Walter in his Sussex manor of Stoke, dated to [1155/60][1319].  He was appointed first High Steward of Scotland.   

-        HIGH STEWARDS of SCOTLAND

5.         SIMON (-after [1163]).  "Walterus filius Alani dapifer regis Scotie" founded the monastery of Paisley by charter dated to before 1163, witnessed by "…Simone fratre Walteri filii Alani"[1320].  Eyton states that he was "the reputed ancestor of Boyd, Earl of Errol"[1321]

6.         [SIBYLLA (-after 1132).  Eyton states that Dugdale intimates that "Dame Adeliza" who donated land at Wolston to Burton abbey, by charter dated to before 1114, was Alan FitzFlaad´s widow and the mother of "Sibil" who with her husband Roger de Freville confirmed her mother´s donation by charter dated 1132[1322]m ROGER de Freville, son of --- (-after 1132).] 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    COMTES de POHER

 

 

La Borderie states that the county of Poher was located in the Aune valley, between the two chains of the Arez mountains and the Montagnes Noires[1323]

 

 

1.         RIVALLON (-after 839).  Comte de Poher"…Riuuallon commes Poucaer…" witnessed the charter dated 8 Mar [839/44] under which "Riuualt ex semine Iarnuuocon heres" donated "Lisbroniuuin" to Redon[1324]

 

2.         JUDICAEL (-after 903).  Comte de Poher"…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[1325].  "Jedecael princeps Poucaer …" witnessed the charter dated 903 under which "Coledoc" donated property to Redon[1326]

 

3.         MATHEDOI [Matuedo], son of --- (-936)Comte de Poher.  It appears that, after the death of Alain I Duke of Brittany in 907, power in Brittany was shared between the counts of Poher (Alain´s son-in-law), Vannes (Alain´s possible eldest son) and Cornouaïlle and that none of these was acknowledged as overall ruler.  "Matuedoi comes" confirmed a donation of property "quod rex Alanus antea atque Euuen nepos eius Sancte Mariæ Bilique episcopo in monacho sempiterno dederat" to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 25 Oct 913[1327].  He fled to England after the Danes invaded Brittany in 919: the Chronicle of Nantes records that "Mathuedoi comes de Poher" fled "ad regem Anglorum Adelstanum" with "filium suum…Alanum"[1328]m --- de Bretagne, daughter of ALAIN I "le Grand" Duke of Brittany & his wife Oreguen --- .  The Chronicle of Nantes records that the mother of "filium suum [Mathuedoi]…Alanum" was "filia Alani Magni Britonum ducis"[1329].  Comte Mathedoi & his wife had one child:

a)         ALAIN (in Brittany [before 919]-952).  The Chronicle of Nantes records that "Mathuedoi comes de Poher" fled "ad regem Anglorum Adelstanum" with "filium suum…Alanum"[1330].  It is likely that Alain would not have been younger than 15 years old at the youngest when he took part in the 931 uprising against the Danes in Brittany.  If this is correct, he must have been born several years before his father's escape to England.  He re-established himself as Comte de Vannes et de Nantes in 936[1331], in effect succeeding as ALAIN II "Barbetorte" Duke of Brittany

-        DUKES of BRITTANY

4.         [--- .  m ---.] 

a)         GUEGON (-after 25 Oct 913).  "Matuedoi comes" confirmed a donation of property "quod rex Alanus antea atque Euuen nepos eius Sancte Mariæ Bilique episcopo in monacho sempiterno dederat" to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 25 Oct 913, witnessed by "Guegon nepos Matuedoi"[1332]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    VICOMTES de PORHOËT

 

 

 

A.      VICOMTES de THRO

 

 

1.         GUETHENOC, son of --- (-1046).  Vicomte du château de Thro-en-Porhoët.  1008.  A charter dated 1021 records that the bishop of Vannes restored rights to Redon abbey, witnessed by "…Alanus Cornugallensis comes et Guethenocus vicecomes  et Gozolinus eius filius…"[1333].  "Guethenocus vicecomes de Castello Thro" granted the abbey of Redon the right to build a chapel at his castle, by charter dated [1040][1334]m ALLARUM, daughter of BENEDICT Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Guinodeon ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Guethenoc & his wife had one child:

a)         JOSCELIN (-1074).  A charter dated 1021 records that the bishop of Vannes restored rights to Redon abbey, witnessed by "…Alanus Cornugallensis comes et Guethenocus vicecomes  et Gozolinus eius filius…"[1335].  Vicomte de Bretagne et de Rennes.  "Eudo comes et uxor eius, Joscelinus vicecomes…Alfredus frater Alani vicecomitis…Hodierna soror Hugonis vicecomitis…" witnessed a charter dated to 1050 which recorded an agreement between "Gualterio eius preposito" and the abbess of Saint-Georges de Rennes[1336].  "Defuncto…Guethenoco…filius eius Goscelinus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, by charter dated [1066/82], witnessed by "filius eius Maenguis episcopus, et Rogerius et Eudo et alii filii eius"[1337]m ---.  The name of Joscelin's wife is not known.  Joscelin & his wife had four children: 

i)          MAINGUY [Méen] (-after 1082).  "Defuncto…Guethenoco…filius eius Goscelinus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, by charter dated [1066/82], witnessed by "filius eius Maenguis episcopus, et Rogerius et Eudo et alii filii eius"[1338]Bishop of Vannes 1066.  Tresvaux records that he was elected as Bishop of Vannes in 1066 but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[1339]

ii)         ROGER .  "Defuncto…Guethenoco…filius eius Goscelinus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, by charter dated [1066/82], witnessed by "filius eius Maenguis episcopus, et Rogerius et Eudo et alii filii eius"[1340]

iii)        EUDES [I] (-after 1092).  "Defuncto…Guethenoco…filius eius Goscelinus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, by charter dated [1066/82], witnessed by "filius eius Maenguis episcopus, et Rogerius et Eudo et alii filii eius"[1341]Vicomte de Porhoët

-         VICOMTES de PORHOËT

iv)       son .  "Defuncto…Guethenoco…filius eius Goscelinus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, by charter dated [1066/82], witnessed by "filius eius Maenguis episcopus, et Rogerius et Eudo et alii filii eius"[1342].  Monk at Saint-Georges. 

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de PORHOËT

 

 

EUDES [I], son of JOSCELIN Vicomte [de Thro] & his wife --- (-after 1092).  "Defuncto…Guethenoco…filius eius Goscelinus" donated property to the abbey of Redon, by charter dated [1066/82], witnessed by "filius eius Maenguis episcopus, et Rogerius et Eudo et alii filii eius"[1343]Vicomte de Porhoët.  "Fredoricus vicecomes…Eudonis vicecomitis filii Goscellini…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Jul 1086 under which "Alanus Fergandus comes Britannie" confirmed the foundation of the priory of Saint-Florent sous Dol "in pago Redonensi"[1344].  "Eudonus vicecomes" donated property to the abbey of Redon, for the soul of "coniunx…Anna" and with the consent of "filiis eius Goscelino primogenito", by charter dated 1092[1345]

m firstly EMMA de Léon, daughter of ---. 

m secondly ANNE, daughter of --- (-1092).  "Eudonus vicecomes" donated property to the abbey of Redon, for the soul of "coniunx…Anna" and with the consent of "filiis eius Goscelino primogenito", by charter dated 1092[1346]

Vicomte Eudes I & his first wife had five children: 

1.         JOSCELIN de Porhoët (-before 1114).  "Eudonus vicecomes" donated property to the abbey of Redon, for the soul of "coniunx…Anna" and with the consent of "filiis eius Goscelino primogenito", by charter dated 1092[1347].  He succeeded his father as Vicomte de Porhoët.  Geslin de Bourgogne records that Vicomte Joscelin donated property to the church of Saint-Martin in the castle of Porhoét, assisted by his brothers "Guihenæus, Geoffroy et Alain", by charter dated 1108[1348]

2.         WIHENOC de Porhoët (-before 1114).  Geslin de Bourgogne records that Vicomte Joscelin donated property to the church of Saint-Martin in the castle of Porhoét, assisted by his brothers "Guihenæus, Geoffroy et Alain", by charter dated 1108[1349]

3.         GEOFFROY de Porhoët (-1142).  Geslin de Bourgogne records that Vicomte Joscelin donated property to the church of Saint-Martin in the castle of Porhoét, assisted by his brothers "Guihenæus, Geoffroy et Alain", by charter dated 1108[1350].  He succeeded his brother before 1114 as Vicomte de Porhoët.  "Gauffredus vicecomes de Porrehodio castro et fratres eius Alanus et Bernardus" reached agreement with the abbé of Marmoutiers regarding a donation by "frater suus Jostho vicecomes", by charter dated [1116][1351].  "Gaufredus vicecomes filius Eudonis" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin, with the consent of "Alanum vicecomitem fratrem suum", by charter dated 1118, witnessed by "…Bernardus infans frater vicecomitis…"[1352].  He was given a hundred in Devon by Henry I King of England, recorded in the 1131 Pipe Roll[1353]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Geoffroy & his wife had five children: 

a)         EUDES [II] de Porhoët (-after 1180)"Gaufredus vicecomes, Eudo filius eius…" witnessed a charter dated 15 Jun 1130 under which Donald Bishop of Saint-Malo confirmed a donation to the monks of Saint-Martin de Josselin[1354]Comte de Porhoët.  He succeeded in 1148 as EUDES Duke of Brittany, by right of his first wife. 

-        see below

b)         JOSCELIN de Porhoët (-after 1153).  "Eudo comes" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame de Lantenac by charter dated 1149, witnessed by "Josthos et Alanus fratres comitis, Alanus vicecomes de Monteforti…"[1355].  "Eudo comes" confirmed a donation to Saint-Martin de Josselin, with the consent of "fratrum meorum…Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche", by charter dated 1153[1356].  "Eudo comes" donated property previously donated by "dominus Gaufridus pater meus" to the priory of Josselin on the advice of "fratrum meorum Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche" by charter dated 1153[1357]

c)         ALAIN de Porhoët (-1190).  "Eudo comes" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame de Lantenac by charter dated 1149, witnessed by "Josthos et Alanus fratres comitis, Alanus vicecomes de Monteforti…"[1358].  "Eudo comes" confirmed a donation to Saint-Martin de Josselin, with the consent of "fratrum meorum…Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche", by charter dated 1153[1359].  "Eudo comes" donated property previously donated by "dominus Gaufridus pater meus" to the priory of Josselin on the advice of "fratrum meorum Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche" by charter dated 1153[1360].  He established himself in England in 1172 as Alan La Zouche. 

-        ZOUCHE

d)         ETIENNE .  "Eudo Britannie comes" donated property to Saint-Martin de Josselin, with the consent of "fratrum meorum…Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche", witnessed by "Roaldo Dongie vicecomitis, Henrico de Arundelle, ---dio de Leon, Gaufredo de Monteforti", with the consent of "Alano de Rohan cognato meo", by charter dated 1164, witnessed by "…Stephanus frater meus…Guihomarus alterius filius de Leon…"[1361]

e)         AMICIE de Porhoët (-after 1152).  "Guillelmus Monfortensis dominus" founded Montfort abbey, with the consent of "uxore mea Amicia...filiis ac fratribus meis", by undated charter, which also records the donation made by “Amicia uxor mea[1362].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1213 under which [her grandson] "Willelmus dominus Montiforten" confirmed donations to Montfort made by "antecessoribus meis...domino Gaufrido de Monteforti...W. avi mei", quoting a charter dated 1180 under which “Gaufridus dominus Montifortis sequens vestigial patris mei Willelmi” donated property with the consent of “uxore mea et filiis meis Rad. Will et Rolando...Eudone comite avunculo meo [identified as Eudes Comte de Porhoët, Duke of Brittany, see above]...Oliverio patruo meo[1363]m GUILLAUME [I] Seigneur de Montfort, son of --- (-1157). 

4.         ALAIN de Porhoët (-[1127]).  Geslin de Bourgogne records that Vicomte Joscelin donated property to the church of Saint-Martin in the castle of Porhoét, assisted by his brothers "Guihenæus, Geoffroy et Alain", by charter dated 1108[1364].  "Gauffredus vicecomes de Porrehodio castro et fratres eius Alanus et Bernardus" reached agreement with the abbé of Marmoutiers regarding a donation by "frater suus Jostho vicecomes", by charter dated [1116][1365].  Vicomte de Castelnoec. 

-        VICOMTES de ROHAN

5.         BERNARD (-after 1118).  "Gauffredus vicecomes de Porrehodio castro et fratres eius Alanus et Bernardus" reached agreement with the abbé of Marmoutiers regarding a donation by "frater suus Jostho vicecomes", by charter dated [1116], witnessed by "…Bernardus infans frater eorum…"[1366].  "Gaufredus vicecomes filius Eudonis" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin, with the consent of "Alanum vicecomitem fratrem suum", by charter dated 1118, witnessed by "…Bernardus infans frater vicecomitis…"[1367]

 

 

EUDES [II] de Porhoët, son of GEOFFROY Vicomte de Porhoët & his wife Hawise --- (-after 1180).  "Gaufredus vicecomes, Eudo filius eius…" witnessed a charter dated 15 Jun 1130 under which Donald Bishop of Saint-Malo confirmed a donation to the monks of Saint-Martin de Josselin[1368]Comte de Porhoët.  He succeeded in 1148 as EUDES Duke of Brittany, by right of his first wife.  "Eudo comes" founded the abbey of Notre-Dame de Lantenac by charter dated 1149, witnessed by "Josthos et Alanus fratres comitis, Alanus vicecomes de Monteforti…"[1369].  "Eudo comes" confirmed a donation to Saint-Martin de Josselin, with the consent of "fratrum meorum…Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche", by charter dated 1153[1370].  "Eudo comes" donated property previously donated by "dominus Gaufridus pater meus" to the priory of Josselin on the advice of "fratrum meorum Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche" by charter dated 1153[1371].  Deposed by his stepson in 1156, he was taken prisoner by Raoul de Fougères.  The date of his death is indicated by a charter dated 1213 under which [her grandson] "Willelmus dominus Montiforten" confirmed donations to Montfort made by "antecessoribus meis...domino Gaufrido de Monteforti...W. avi mei", quoting a charter dated 1180 under which “Gaufridus dominus Montifortis sequens vestigial patris mei Willelmi” donated property with the consent of “uxore mea et filiis meis Rad. Will et Rolando...Eudone comite avunculo meo [identified as Eudes Comte de Porhoët, Duke of Brittany, her brother]...Oliverio patruo meo[1372]

m firstly (1148 or before) as her second husband, BERTHE de Bretagne, widow of ALAIN "le Noir" de Penthièvre, Lord of Richmond, daughter of CONAN III Duke of Brittany & his wife Matilda, illegitimate daughter of Henry I King of England (-[1162/67).  The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1148 of "Conanus Dux Britanniæ" and records that he had disinherited "Hoellus…suum…filium" and that he appointed as his successor "Eudone Vicecomite Porhoëtensi" who had married "sororem eius Bertam"[1373].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified. 

m secondly (Aug 1167) JEANNE [Eléonore] de Léon, daughter of GUIOMAR [III] Vicomte de Léon & his wife Nobilis ---.  Robert of Torigny records the marriage in 1167 of "comes Eudes" and "Guihunmanus filius Hervei vicecomes Leonensis…filiam" but does not name her[1374]

Eudes [II] & his first wife had three children: 

1.         GEOFFROY de Porhoët (-after 1155). 

2.         ADELAIDE de Porhoët (-1220).  Abbess of Fontevrault. 

3.         ALIX de Porhoët .  Given-Wilson & Curteis states that “Eudo de Porhoët, ex-count of Brittany” claimed in 1168 that the English king, while holding his daughter as a hostage for peace, had made her pregnant ‘treacherously, adulterously and incestuously; for the king and Eudo´s wife were the offspring of two sisters’” (referring to two daughters of King Henry I, one legitimate the other illegitimate, named Matilda)[1375].  The primary source on which this information is based has not been identified.  Mistress (1168) of: HENRY II King of England, son of GEOFFROY "le Bel/Plantagenet" Comte d'Anjou et du Maine & his wife [Empress] Matilda of England (Le Mans, Anjou 5 Mar 1133-Château de Chinon 6 Jul 1189, bur Abbaye de Fontevrault). 

Eudes & his second wife had [three] children: 

4.         EUDES [III] de Porhoët (-1231).  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo”, and donated property “in Britannia et in Anglia...in episcopate Eliensi...ecclesiam de Fuleburne...”, witnessed by “Herveo de Leon, Herveo filio Comitis...”, a second version of the document dated 20 Jun 1184 recording the consent of “Alano et Guillelmo filiis meis”, and a third version, undated, the consent of “Margarita et Ælizia filiabus meis” (witnessed by “Eudone filio Comitis, Henrico fratre eius, Herveo de Leuns, Daniele Senescallo, Galterio filio Ruelloni...”)[1376]Comte de Porhoët.  "Eudo filius comitis" granted rights to the prior of Saint-Martin by charter dated 1225[1377]m firstly ---.  The name of Eudes's first wife is not known.  This first marriage is indicated because Marguerite, the known wife of Eudes [III], is referred to as his widow but not as mother of his children in the charter dated Nov 1248 which is quoted below.  If Marguerite had been their mother, the omission would be surprising as Eudes´s surviving children are also named in the document.  The chronology of the family suggests that the marriage of Eudes and the mother of his daughters must have taken place when he was already old.  If that is correct, there may have been an even earlier marriage which was childless.  m secondly MARGUERITE, daughter of --- (-after Nov 1248).  A charter dated Nov 1248 records a third division of the inheritance of “monseignour Eun fils le Comte” between "Raol seigneur de Fougieres, Pierres de Chemillé seigneur de Brochessac et Alienor sa femme, et Ollivier de Montauban et Joanne sa femme", including “quand il avendra que le doaire Margarite qui fut femme monseignor Eun filz le Comte escherra après la mort d´icelle, le hebergement de la Ville Jagu et le Plessix[1378].  Eudes [III] & his firrst wife had three children: 

a)         MATHILDE de Porhoët .  An undated charter records an agreement between "Willelmum de Filgeriis filium Henrici de Filgeriis" and "Eudonem filium comitis et Gaufridum de Castro Brientii et Willelmum de Guirchia" relating to the marriage of “Gaufridi de Filgeriis” and “filia prædicti Eudonis filii comitis[1379].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Vicomtesse de Porhoëtm GEOFFROY Comte de Fougères, son of GUILLAUME Comte de Fougères & his wife Agatha du Hommet (-1212). 

b)         ELEONORE de Porhoët (-after 24 Jun 1251).  Dame de la Chèze.  "Petrum de Chemillie dominum Mauritanii et Alienor vicecomitissam de Rohan eius uxorem" reached agreement with the abbé de Sainit-Jacut-des-Iles regarding a construction, by charter dated 24 Jun 1251[1380].  "Joannes dux Britanniæ comes Richemondiæ" confirmed another agreement between “Radulphus dominus Fougeriarum” and “avunculus noster Petrus de Chemilleio et Oliverius de Montauban et pro se et ratione uxorum suarum” as heirs of “Eudonis filii comitis de Caduca” by charter dated 14 Apr 1241[1381].  "Petrus de Camilliaco dominus de Chesia et Alienor eius uxor quondam vicecomitissa de Rohan" confirmed that “Gaufridus de Cadellac miles” granted “feodum...de parochia de Ploemet” to “fratri nostro Thomæ de Camilliaco militi” by charter dated Jan 1246[1382].  A charter dated Nov 1248 records a third division of the inheritance of “monseignour Eun fils le Comte” between "Raol seigneur de Fougieres, Pierres de Chemillé seigneur de Brochessac et Alienor sa femme, et Ollivier de Montauban et Joanne sa femme", including “quand il avendra que le doaire Margarite qui fut femme monseignor Eun filz le Comte escherra après la mort d´icelle, le hebergement de la Ville Jagu et le Plessix[1383].  “Alienor vicecomitissa de Rohan” donated property to Bonrepos, with the consent of "domino Petro de Chumuleiaco marito meo et Alano de Rohan primogenito et herede meo", by charter dated Mar 1250[1384]m firstly ALAIN [V] Vicomte de Rohan, son of ALAIN [IV] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Mabile de Fougères (-1242).  m secondly as his second wife, PIERRE de Chemillé, son of GUY de Thouars Duke of Brittany & his second wife Eustachie d'Argenton dite de Chemillé (-[1254/55]). 

c)         JEANNE de Porhoët (-after Nov 1248).  "Joannes dux Britanniæ comes Richemondiæ" confirmed the agreement between “Radulphus dominus Filgeriarum” and “avunculus noster Petrus de Chemilly” concerning property of which “habebit prædictus Radulphus duas partes et prædictus Petrus et soror uxoris eius tertiam partem” by charter dated Sep 1239[1385].  "Joannes dux Britanniæ comes Richemondiæ" confirmed another agreement between “Radulphus dominus Fougeriarum” and “avunculus noster Petrus de Chemilleio et Oliverius de Montauban et pro se et ratione uxorum suarum” as heirs of “Eudonis filii comitis de Caduca” by charter dated 14 Apr 1241[1386].  A charter dated Nov 1248 records a third division of the inheritance of “monseignour Eun fils le Comte” between "Raol seigneur de Fougieres, Pierres de Chemillé seigneur de Brochessac et Alienor sa femme, et Ollivier de Montauban et Joanne sa femme", including “quand il avendra que le doaire Margarite qui fut femme monseignor Eun filz le Comte escherra après la mort d´icelle, le hebergement de la Ville Jagu et le Plessix[1387]m OLIVIER Seigneur de Montauban, son of JEAN Seigneur de Montauban & his wife Gasseline de Montfort (-after Nov 1248). 

5.         HERVE de Porhoët (-after Jul 1184).  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo”, and donated property “in Britannia et in Anglia...in episcopate Eliensi...ecclesiam de Fuleburne...”, witnessed by “Herveo de Leon, Herveo filio Comitis...”, a second version of the document dated 20 Jun 1184 recording the consent of “Alano et Guillelmo filiis meis”, and a third version, undated, the consent of “Margarita et Ælizia filiabus meis” (witnessed by “Eudone filio Comitis, Henrico fratre eius, Herveo de Leuns, Daniele Senescallo, Galterio filio Ruelloni...”)[1388]

6.         [ELEONORE (-5 May after 1243).  A charter dated Jul 1219 records donations to Beauport abbey made by "Alanus Henrici comitis filius" dated “anno quo rex Ricardus promotus fuit in regem” [1189] witnessed by “...domina Petronilla uxor domini Alani, Aliena sponsa domini Conani[1389].  "Conanus, Henrici comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport by charter dated 1202, signed by "…Alienor filia comitis Eudonis, Aliz domicella…"[1390].  It is not certain that "Alienor filia comitis Eudonis" was the wife of Conan but her position in the list of subscribers, after Conan´s knights, suggests that this might be the case.  If that is correct, Eudes Comte de Porhoët is the only "comes Eudo" who has yet been identified who could have been her father.  The fact that her father held a higher rank than her husband may account for her being linked in the document to her father´s rather than her husband´s name.  If her parentage is correctly identified, the chronology suggests that she would have been born to her supposed father´s second marriage.  "A…vidua quondam Conani filii comitis uxor" settled a dispute with the abbey of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport about "insula de Bigniguez" by charter dated 1214[1391].  "Alienor, quondam uxor Conani filii Henrici comitis" wrote to "Radulpho domino Filgeriis" confirming his donation to Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, dated 1243[1392].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "III Non Mai" of "Alienor uxoris Conani comitis"[1393]m CONAN de Penthièvre, son of HENRI de Bretagne Comte de Tréguier & his wife Mathilde de Vendôme (-[1202/14]).] 

 

 

 

C.      VICOMTES de ROHAN

 

 

ALAIN de Porhoët, son of EUDES [I] Vicomte de Porhoët & his first wife Emma de Léon (-[1127]).  Geslin de Bourgogne records that Vicomte Joscelin donated property to the church of Saint-Martin in the castle of Porhoét, assisted by his brothers "Guihenæus, Geoffroy et Alain", by charter dated 1108[1394].  "Gauffredus vicecomes de Porrehodio castro et fratres eius Alanus et Bernardus" reached agreement with the abbé of Marmoutiers regarding a donation by "frater suus Jostho vicecomes", by charter dated [1116][1395].  Vicomte de Castelnoec.  "Gaufredus vicecomes filius Eudonis" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin, with the consent of "Alanum vicecomitem fratrem suum", by charter dated 1118, witnessed by "…Bernardus infans frater vicecomitis…"[1396].  "Vicecomes castri Noici Alanus, frater Gaufridi vicecomitis castri Joscelini" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated [1124/25], witnessed by "Villana uxor eius…"[1397].  "Alanus vicecomes Porrohouetensis" donated property to the monks of Saint-Martin by charter dated [1127/28], witnessed by "Jostho filius eius…"[1398].  The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1126 of "Alanus Vicecomes "[1399].  The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1127 of "Alanus Vicecomes"[1400]

m VILLANA, daughter of --- (-after [1124/25].  "Vicecomes castri Noici Alanus, frater Gaufridi vicecomitis castri Joscelini" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated [1124/25], witnessed by "Villana uxor eius…"[1401]

Alain [I] & his wife had two children: 

1.         ALAIN [II] de Rohan (-after 1168).  Vicomte de Rohan et de Castelnoec.  "Allanus vicecomes" donated property "ante portam castri mei novi…Rohan" to the monks of Saint-Martin by charter dated 1128, witnessed by "Jostho filius eius…"[1402].  Seigneur de Guéméné et de Guingamp.  "Eudo Britannie comes" donated property to Saint-Martin de Josselin, with the consent of "fratrum meorum…Joscii vicecomitis et Alani Ceoche", witnessed by "Roaldo Dongie vicecomitis, Henrico de Arundelle, ---dio de Leon, Gaufredo de Monteforti", with the consent of "Alano de Rohan cognato meo", by charter dated 1164, witnessed by "…Stephanus frater meus…Guihomarus alterius filius de Leon…"[1403].  "Conan dux Britannie comes Richmundie" confirmed the donation of Plubihan and Plougasnou to Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter to [1156/69], witnessed by "Margarita comitissa, Willelmo filio Hamon, Alano de Rohan, Constancia sorore comitis…"[1404]m ---.  The name of Alain's wife is not known.  Alain [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALAIN [III] de Rohan (-[1195])Vicomte de Rohan"Radulfo de Filgeriis, Allano de Rohan, Rollando de Dinanno…" witnessed the charter dated to [1185/86] under which "Gaufridus Henrici regis filius, dux Britannie, comes Richemont" confirmed the donations to the abbey of Pont-Pillard by its founders "Rollando et Allano de Dinanno"[1405].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan…cum uxore mea Constantia" founded the abbey of Bon-Repos, as a burial place for himself and "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of "Alano et Guillelmo filiis meus", by charter dated 23 Jun 1184, witnessed by "Radulphi Filgeriarum domni…Hamelino de Meduana…Herveio de Vitreio…"[1406].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo”, and donated property “in Britannia et in Anglia...in episcopate Eliensi...ecclesiam de Fuleburne...”, witnessed by “Herveo de Leon, Herveo filio Comitis...”, a second version of the document dated 20 Jun 1184 recording the consent of “Alano et Guillelmo filiis meis”, and a third version, undated, the consent of “Margarita et Ælizia filiabus meis” (witnessed by “Eudone filio Comitis, Henrico fratre eius, Herveo de Leuns, Daniele Senescallo, Galterio filio Ruelloni...”)[1407]m CONSTANCE de Penthièvre, daughter of ALAIN [II] "le Noir" de Penthièvre Lord of Richmond Seigneur de Guingamp & his wife Berthe de Bretagne ([1138/46]-after 23 Jun 1184).  "Conan dux Britannie comes Richmundie" confirmed the donation of Plubihan and Plougasnou to Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter to [1156/69], witnessed by "Margarita comitissa, Willelmo filio Hamon, Alano de Rohan, Constancia sorore comitis…"[1408].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan…cum uxore mea Constantia" founded the abbey of Bon-Repos, as a burial place for himself and "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of "Alano et Guillelmo filiis meus", by charter dated 23 Jun 1184[1409].  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that "aliam germanam Conani" married "Helenus de Roem"[1410].  Alain [III] & his wife had [seven] children: 

i)          ALAIN [IV] de Rohan (-27 Oct 1205).  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo[1411]Vicomte de Rohan.  Seigneur de Guéméné. 

-         see below

ii)         GUILLAUME .  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo”, and donated property “in Britannia et in Anglia...in episcopate Eliensi...ecclesiam de Fuleburne...”, witnessed by “Herveo de Leon, Herveo filio Comitis...”, a second version of the document dated 20 Jun 1184 recording the consent of “Alano et Guillelmo filiis meis[1412].  1203. 

iii)        JOSCELIN (-after 17 Oct 1251).  "Alanus de Rohan" donated property to the abbey of Bon-Repos, with the consent of "Jocelino fratre meo…et filiis et heredibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano", by charter dated 1204[1413]Vicomte de Rohan.  "Joscelinus vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed the foundation of Bonrepos abbey, for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee", with the consent of “nepotibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano”, by charter dated 1213[1414].  Seigneur de Noial.  Seigneur de Montfort, de iure uxoris.  “Josselinus de Rohan dominus Montis-fortis et de Noyal” founded a chapel at Bonrepos for his burial, including donation of harvest "tam ex dono meo quam ex dono domini Alani fratris mei", by charter dated 1249[1415].  "Jocellinus de Rohan, dominus Montis-Fortis" recognised that his property, the parish of Noial, would return to "Alanum vicecomitem de Rohan" after his death, by charter dated 16 and 17 Oct 1251[1416]m MATHILDE de Montfort, daughter and heiress of GUILLAUME [II] Seigneur de Montfort & his wife ---.  "Matill domina Montis-Fortis et de Noial" donated property to the abbey of Bon-Repos, with the consent of "domini Jocelini de Rohan mariti mei", by charter dated 1235[1417]

iv)       MARGUERITE .  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo”, and donated property “in Britannia et in Anglia...in episcopate Eliensi...ecclesiam de Fuleburne...”, witnessed by “Herveo de Leon, Herveo filio Comitis...”, a second version of the document dated 20 Jun 1184 recording the consent of “Alano et Guillelmo filiis meis”, and a third version, undated, the consent of “Margarita et Ælizia filiabus meis” (witnessed by “Eudone filio Comitis, Henrico fratre eius, Herveo de Leuns, Daniele Senescallo, Galterio filio Ruelloni...”)[1418]

v)        ALIX .  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo”, and donated property “in Britannia et in Anglia...in episcopate Eliensi...ecclesiam de Fuleburne...”, witnessed by “Herveo de Leon, Herveo filio Comitis...”, a second version of the document dated 20 Jun 1184 recording the consent of “Alano et Guillelmo filiis meis”, and a third version, undated, the consent of “Margarita et Ælizia filiabus meis” (witnessed by “Eudone filio Comitis, Henrico fratre eius, Herveo de Leuns, Daniele Senescallo, Galterio filio Ruelloni...”)[1419]

vi)       [daughter .  The Chronicon Gaufredi Vosiensis records that a daughter of "Helenus de Roem" and his wife married "Arveus de Leon filius Guimar"[1420].  It is not known whether this refers to one of the daughters of Alain [III] who are named above.  m HERVE [ÌI] de Léon, son of GUYOMAR [IV] Vicomte de Léon & his wife Margilia --- (-1218).] 

vii)      [HELOISE (-after [1213]).  "Helois filia Al. Vicecomitis de Rohan" donated property to Bonrepos, with the consent of "dominus Josselinus Vicecomes de Rohan", by undated charter (included in the compilation among documents dated 1213)[1421].  On the basis of this document, Heloise could have been the daughter either of Vicomte Alain [III] or Vicomte Alain [IV].  The former appears to be the more likely possibility as a daughter of Alain [IV] (then deceased) would have been young in 1213 to have made an independent donation without the consent of her own brothers.  However, the charter dated Feb 1259, under which Catherine de Rohan confirmed the donation made by her deceased sister Heloise, suggests that the two sisters were daughters of Alain [IV] as it appears improbable from a chronological point of view that a daughter of Alain [III] was still living in 1259.  One possibility is that the two references to Heloise do not refer to the same person, and that the donor under the 1213 charter was the daughter of Alain [III], while the sister of Catherine was the daughter of Alain [IV].] 

2.         JOSCELIN (-after [1127/28]).  "Alanus vicecomes Porrohouetensis" donated property to the monks of Saint-Martin by charter dated [1127/28], witnessed by "Jostho filius eius…"[1422].   

 

 

ALAIN [IV] de Rohan, son of ALAIN [III] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Constance de Penthièvre (-27 Oct 1205).  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan…cum uxore mea Constantia" founded the abbey of Bon-Repos, as a burial place for himself and "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of "Alano et Guillelmo filiis meus", by charter dated 23 Jun 1184[1423].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan...cum uxore mea Constancia" founded Bonrepos abbey for his own burial and that of "Alanus filius meus", with the consent of “Alano filio meo”, and donated property “in Britannia et in Anglia...in episcopate Eliensi...ecclesiam de Fuleburne...”, witnessed by “Herveo de Leon, Herveo filio Comitis...”, a second version of the document dated 20 Jun 1184 recording the consent of “Alano et Guillelmo filiis meis[1424]Vicomte de Rohan.  "Alanus juvenis de Rohan" confirmed donations made to Bonrepos abbey, for the salvation of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", with the consent of “filiis meis Gaufrido et Conano et Alano”, by undated charter[1425].  Seigneur de Guéméné.  "Alanus de Rohan" donated property to the abbey of Bon-Repos, with the consent of "Jocelino fratre meo…et filiis et heredibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano", by charter dated 1204[1426]

m MABILE de Fougères, daughter of RAOUL [II] Sire de Fougères & his wife Mathilde ---.  "Alanus juvenis de Rohan" confirmed donations made to Bonrepos abbey, for the salvation of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", with the consent of “filiis meis Gaufrido et Conano et Alano”, by undated charter[1427].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

Alain [IV] & his wife had [six] children: 

1.         GEOFFROY [I] (-15 Sep 1221).  "Alanus juvenis de Rohan" confirmed donations made to Bonrepos abbey, for the salvation of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", with the consent of “filiis meis Gaufrido et Conano et Alano”, by undated charter[1428].  "Alanus de Rohan" donated property to the abbey of Bon-Repos, with the consent of "Jocelino fratre meo…et filiis et heredibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano", by charter dated 1204[1429].  "Joscelinus vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed the foundation of Bonrepos abbey, for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee", with the consent of “nepotibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano”, by charter dated 1213[1430]Vicomte de Rohan.  "Gaufredus vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed donations to Bonrepos abbey made by “avus meus Alanus vicecomes de Rohan et pater meus”, for the salvation of “Margaritæ uxoris meæ”, with the consent of "fratribus meis Oliverio et Alano", by charter dated 1216[1431]m firstly MARGUERITE de Blundeville, daughter of RANULF de Blundeville Earl of Chester & his [second wife Clémence de Fougères].  "Gaufredus vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed donations to Bonrepos abbey made by “avus meus Alanus vicecomes de Rohan et pater meus”, for the salvation of “Margaritæ uxoris meæ”, with the consent of "fratribus meis Oliverio et Alano", by charter dated 1216[1432].  Marguerite is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[1433] as the daughter of Ranulf Earl of Chester and his first wife Constance Dss of Brittany.  The primary source which confirms this parentage has not yet been identified.  However, it appears more probable that Marguerite was Earl Ranulf's daughter by his second wife as no record has been found of her claiming the succession to Brittany, despite what would have been her superior claim to her younger half-sister Alix.  On the other hand, the Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that the second marriage of "Constantia filia Conani" and "Ranulphus Comes Cestriæ" was childless[1434]m secondly (after 4 May 1220) as her second husband, GERVAISE de Vitré Vicomtesse de Dinan, widow of JUHAEL [II] Sire de Mayenne, daughter of ALAIN Sire de Vitré & his wife Clémence de Fougères (-[1235/41]).  "Henricus de Avalgor, filius Alani comitis…et Margarita uxor mea" renewed a donation of property to the abbey of Bon-Repos by "Gervasia domina Dinani", for the soul of "bone memorie Gaufridi vicecomitis de Rohan quondam mariti sui", by charter dated 1229[1435].  She married thirdly (before Jan 1224) Richard Marshal, who succeeded his brother in 1231 as Earl of Pembroke, hereditary Master Marshal.  "Gervasia domina Dynanni" donated property to Saint-Aubin-des-Bois after the death of "bone memorie Richardi Marischallis, quondam mariti mei" by charter dated 1236[1436].  Her date of death is confirmed by the charter dated 1241 under which "Droco de Melloto, Locharam et Meduane dominus" [her son-in-law] wrote to "fratri suo domino Henrico de Avalgor", naming "bone memorie domine Gervasie"[1437]

2.         HELOISE (-before Feb 1259).  "Helois filia Al. Vicecomitis de Rohan" donated property to Bonrepos, with the consent of "dominus Josselinus Vicecomes de Rohan", by undated charter (included in the compilation among documents dated 1213)[1438].  On the basis of this document, Heloise could have been the daughter either of Vicomte Alain [III] or Vicomte Alain [IV].  The former appears to be the more likely possibility as a daughter of Alain [IV] (then deceased) would have been young in 1213 to have made an independent donation without the consent of her own brothers.  However, the charter dated Feb 1259, under which her sister Catherine confirmed the donation made by her deceased sister Heloise, suggests that the two sisters were daughters of Alain [IV] as it appears improbable from a chronological point of view that a daughter of Alain [III] was still living in 1259.  Another possibility is that the two references to Heloise do not refer to the same person, and that the donor under the 1213 charter was the daughter of Alain [III] while the sister of Catherine was the daughter of Alain [IV]. 

3.         CATHERINE (-after Feb 1259).  "Catharina nobilis vidua filia Alani vicecomitis de Rohan" donated property to Bonrepos, with the consent of “filiæ meæ”, by charter dated 20 Sep 1230[1439].  "Catharina de Rohan" donated property to Bonrepos by charter dated 1235[1440].  "Domina Catharina de Rohan" confirmed the donation of “in decima de Querloys...in parochia de Noal” made to Bonrepos by “bonæ memoriæ Heloys sororis meæ” by charter dated Feb 1259[1441].  Her husband is identified by the charter dated May 1270 under which [her daughter] “Adelicia filia Gaufridi de Henbont militis uxor Eudonis Picaut militis” donated property to Bon-Repos in accordance with the last wishes of “domina Katarina de Rohan mater mea[1442]m GEOFFROY de Henbont, son of --- (-before 20 Sep 1230).

4.         CONAN (-after 1213).  "Alanus juvenis de Rohan" confirmed donations made to Bonrepos abbey, for the salvation of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", with the consent of “filiis meis Gaufrido et Conano et Alano”, by undated charter[1443].  "Alanus de Rohan" donated property to the abbey of Bon-Repos, with the consent of "Jocelino fratre meo…et filiis et heredibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano", by charter dated 1204[1444].  "Joscelinus vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed the foundation of Bonrepos abbey, for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee", with the consent of “nepotibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano”, by charter dated 1213[1445]

5.         [OLIVIER (-[May 1225/1228]).  "Gaufredus vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed donations to Bonrepos abbey made by “avus meus Alanus vicecomes de Rohan et pater meus”, for the salvation of “Margaritæ uxoris meæ”, with the consent of "fratribus meis Oliverio et Alano", by charter dated 1216[1446].  The sudden appearance in this record of Olivier, whose name does not appear in the other documents quoted in this section which name the other three known sons of Vicomte Alain [IV], suggests a possible mistranscription and that his name should have read Conan.  However, the following charter dated 1221 clarifies Olivier as the correct name.  His earlier absence from sources has not been explained, unless Conan had changed his name to Olivier by 1216.  Vicomte de Rohan.  "Oliverius vicecomes de Rohan et Alanus frater eius" confirmed donations made to Bonrepos abbey by “avus noster Alanus senior et Alanus junior pater noster et Gaufridus frater noster quondam vicecomes de Rohan” by charter dated 1221[1447].  "Olivarius vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed the donation made to Bonrepos abbey by “Eudo de Regueni miles...G. frater meus”, confirmed by “Alano alio fratre meo”, by charter dated 1223[1448].  "...O. vicecomes de Rohan et frater eius..." subscribed the charter dated May 1225 under which “Petrus dux Britanniæ, comes Richemondiæ” founded the town of Saint-Aubin de Cormier (reproduced in a charter dated 6 Jan 1408)[1449].  "Oliverius vicecomes de Rohan" donated property to Bonrepos “pro testament Gaufridi fratris mei quondam vicecomitis de Rohan”, naming “Alanum fratrum meum” by undated charter[1450].] 

6.         ALAIN [V] (-1242).  "Alanus juvenis de Rohan" confirmed donations made to Bonrepos abbey, for the salvation of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", with the consent of “filiis meis Gaufrido et Conano et Alano”, by undated charter[1451].  "Alanus juvenis de Rohan" confirmed donations made to Bonrepos abbey, for the salvation of "Mabiliæ uxoris meæ", with the consent of “filiis meis Gaufrido et Conano et Alano”, by undated charter[1452].  "Alanus de Rohan" donated property to the abbey of Bon-Repos, with the consent of "Jocelino fratre meo…et filiis et heredibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano", by charter dated 1204[1453].  "Joscelinus vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed the foundation of Bonrepos abbey, for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee", with the consent of “nepotibus meis Gaufrido, Conano et Alano”, by charter dated 1213[1454].  "Gaufredus vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed donations to Bonrepos abbey made by “avus meus Alanus vicecomes de Rohan et pater meus”, for the salvation of “Margaritæ uxoris meæ”, with the consent of "fratribus meis Oliverio et Alano", by charter dated 1216[1455].  "Oliverius vicecomes de Rohan et Alanus frater eius" confirmed donations made to Bonrepos abbey by “avus noster Alanus senior et Alanus junior pater noster et Gaufridus frater noster quondam vicecomes de Rohan” by charter dated 1221[1456].  "Olivarius vicecomes de Rohan" confirmed the donation made to Bonrepos abbey by “Eudo de Regueni miles...G. frater meus”, confirmed by “Alano alio fratre meo”, by charter dated 1223[1457]Vicomte de Rohan.  "Gaufridus [...de Kemorz] filius Oliverii miles" and “dominum Alanum vicecomitem de Rohan militem” reached agreement regarding services by charter dated 1228[1458].  "Petrus dux Britanniæ.comes Richemundiæ" guaranteed that, if “A. vicecomes de Rohan” lost land and revenues in England, he would be granted an equivalent amount in Brittany by charter dated Jun 1230[1459]m ELEONORE de Porhoët Dame de La Chèze, daughter of EUDES [III] Comte de Porhoët & his first wife --- (-after 24 Jun 1251).  She married secondly as his second wife, Pierre de Chemillé.  “Alienor vicecomitissa de Rohan” donated property to Bonrepos, with the consent of "domino Petro de Chumuleiaco marito meo et Alano de Rohan primogenito et herede meo", by charter dated Mar 1250[1460].  "Petrum de Chemillie dominum Mauritanii et Alienor vicecomitissam de Rohan eius uxorem" reached agreement with the abbé de Saint-Jacut-des-Iles regarding a construction, by charter dated 24 Jun 1251[1461]

a)         ALAIN [VI] de Rohan (-1304)Vicomte de Rohan.  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan miles" distributed property inherited “per mortem Alani quondam vicecomitis de Rohan defuncti patris nostri...in regno Angliæ” to "filiis nostris Jocelino de Rohan et Guiardo de Rohan" by charter dated Aug 1299[1462]

-        see below

Alain [IV] & his [second] wife had one child: 

7.         daughter .  "Catarina nobilis vidua Alani vicecomitis de Rohan" donated property to the abbey of Bon-Repos, with the consent of "filie mee", by charter dated 1230[1463].  As noted above, it is not certain that Catherine was the widow of Vicomte Alain [IV], although there is no other contemporary Vicomte de Rohan whose widow she could have been. 

                                     

 

ALAIN [VI] de Rohan, son of ALAIN [V] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Elénore de Porhoët (-1304).  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan miles" confirmed a donation to Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, with the consent of "Ysabelle uxoris nostre", by charter dated 1260[1464].  A charter dated Jan 1284 records that “Thomas de Chemillié escuyer” bought land “porvenantes de par Madame Aleonor ma mere” from “Monsour Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier mon frere einzné[1465].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan miles" distributed property inherited “per mortem Alani quondam vicecomitis de Rohan defuncti patris nostri...in regno Angliæ” to "filiis nostris Jocelino de Rohan et Guiardo de Rohan" by charter dated Aug 1299[1466]

m firstly ISABELLE, daughter of --- (-1 Jul ----).  “Ysabella vicecomitissa de Rochan” donated property to Bon-Repos, for the soul of “Alano vicecomiti de Rochan militi marito meo”, by charter dated May 1266[1467].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "Kal Jul" of "domine Ysabelle vicecomitisse de Rochan" for whom "Alanus vicecomes de Rochan miles" donated property in 1242[1468].  The necrology of Notre-Dame-de-Beauport records the death "Kal Jul" of "domine Ysabelle vicecomitisse de Rochan" for whom "Alanus vicecomes de Rochan miles" donated property in 1242[1469]

m secondly THOMASSE de la Rochebernard, daughter of --- (-after Nov 1306).  “Alain de Rohan chevalier fiuz einzné et principal heir de...Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier” divided territories with “Jocelin...Guyart et...Eonet mes freres”, with the consent of “madame Thomasse vicomtesse de Rohan ma mere”, by charter dated Dec 1298[1470].  “Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier et Alain son fiulz esné chevalier” granted property to “dame Thomasse vicontesse de Rohan sa femme” by charter dated 31 Oct 1298[1471].  "Dame Thomasse Vicomtesse de Rohan" and “Joscelin Vicomte de Rohan son fiuz” agreed her dower by charter dated end Nov 1306[1472]

Alain [VI] & his wife had children: 

1.         ALAIN de Rohan (-[Dec 1298/1299]).  “Alain de Rohan chevalier fiuz einzné et principal heir de...Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier” divided territories with “Jocelin...Guyart et...Eonet mes freres”, with the consent of “madame Thomasse vicomtesse de Rohan ma mere”, by charter dated Dec 1298[1473]m (contract Oct 1288) AGNES d´Avaugour, daughter of HENRI [III] d´Avaugour Baron d'Avaugour, de Mayenne et de Goello & his wife Marie de Beaumont-Brienne.  The marriage contract between “Henri d´Avaugour chev. seign. de Goellou...Agnes notre fille einsnée” and “Allain de Rohan fuis aeisné et principal heir dou Viconte de Rohan” is dated Oct 1288[1474]

2.         GEOFFROY de Rohan (-before Aug 1303).  "Alaein viconte de Rohan chevallier" granted dower to “Katerine de Cliçon jadis femme feu Geffrey de Rohan fius esné et principal heir dou dit viconte” by charter dated Aug 1303[1475]m CATHERINE de Clisson, daughter of ---.  "Alaein viconte de Rohan chevallier" granted dower to “Katerine de Cliçon jadis femme feu Geffrey de Rohan fius esné et principal heir dou dit viconte” by charter dated Aug 1303[1476]

3.         JOSCELIN de Rohan (-1306).  “Oliverius dictus Bodic armiger” granted property “in parochiis de Mur et de monasterio Caradoci Corisopitensis diocesis” to “Joscelino de Rohan filio...domini vicecomitis de Rohan” by charter dated Aug 1283[1477].  “Alain de Rohan chevalier fiuz einzné et principal heir de...Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier” divided territories with “Jocelin...Guyart et...Eonet mes freres”, with the consent of “madame Thomasse vicomtesse de Rohan ma mere”, by charter dated Dec 1298[1478].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan miles" distributed property inherited “per mortem Alani quondam vicecomitis de Rohan defuncti patris nostri...in regno Angliæ” to "filiis nostris Jocelino de Rohan et Guiardo de Rohan" by charter dated Aug 1299[1479]Vicomte de Rohan.  "Jocelin vicomte de Rohan" and “Olivier de Rohan son frere” reached agreement on territorial division by charter dated 1305[1480].  "Dame Thomasse Vicomtesse de Rohan" and “Joscelin Vicomte de Rohan son fiuz” agreed her dower by charter dated end Nov 1306[1481]

4.         OLIVIER de Rohan (-1326).  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan miles" emancipated “Oliverium de Rohan eius filius clericum” by charter dated late Nov 1299[1482].  "Jocelin vicomte de Rohan" and “Olivier de Rohan son frere” reached agreement on territorial division by charter dated 1305[1483]Vicomte de Rohan.  A charter dated early Jan 1306 (O.S.) records that "Joscelin jadis Vicomte de Rohan" had granted revenue to “Geffroy d´Avaugour chevalier...nostre...cousin” for taking charge of his testament, confirmed by “Olivier Vicomte de Rohan”, and names “Madame Isabeau nostre sœur[1484]m firstly (contract 1307) ALIETTE de Rochefort, daughter of THIBAUT Seigneur de Rochefort Vicomte de Donge & his wife ---.  The marriage contract between "Thebaut Seigneur de Rochefort...Vicomte de Donge...Aliete sa fille" and “Olivier Vicomte de Rohan” is dated 1307[1485]m secondly (contract Oct 1322) JEANNE de Léon, daughter of HERVE de Léon Seigneur de Noyon & his wife --- (-after Nov 1327).  The marriage contract between “Monsieur Olivier Vicomte de Rohan” and “Jeanne fille aiennée Mons. Hervé de Leon” is dated Oct 1322[1486].  “Hervé de Leon chevalier Sire de Noyon” granted property to “Jeanne de Leon sa fille jadis viscomtesse de Rochan” by charter dated Nov 1327[1487].  Olivier & his first wife had children: 

a)         ALAIN [VII] de Rohan (-killed in battle 14 Aug 1352)Vicomte de Rohan.  “Alain Vicomte de Rohan chevalier” noted that “nostre…pere le Vicomte Olivier” had granted property to “feu Mr. Eon de Rohan son frere” and confirmed the donation to “Olivier de Rohan filz aisné dudit Mr. Eon” by charter dated 20 Jun 1341[1488]m (contract 22 Feb 1321) as her first husband, JEANNE de Rostrenen, daughter of PIERRE Seigneur de Rostrenen & his wife Anne du Pont (-after Aug 1372).  The marriage contract between “Alain de Rohan fiulz esné Monsieur Olivier Vicomte de Rohan” and “Pierres Seygnour de Rotrelen chevalier et Dame Anne du Pont sa fame...Jouane fille desdiz Monsieur Pierres et Dame Anne” is dated 22 Feb 1321[1489].  She married secondly (before 1 Apr 1354) Roger David.  Edward III King of England granted property to “Rogerii David...et Johannæ de Rostrenen vicecomitissæ de Rohan iam uxori eiusd. Rogeri” by charter dated 1 Apr [1354][1490].  “Pierre Seignour de Rostrenen” granted property to “Dame Jaane de Rostrenen Vicomtesse de Rohan sa sour...dou mariage de...Monsieur Alain Vicomte de Rohan et d´elle” by charter dated Aug 1372[1491].  “Jouhanne de Rostrenen Vicomtesse de Rohan” ceded Guemenéguegant to “Seigneur Monseigneur Jahan Duc de Bretagne et Comte de Montfort”, referring to donations made by “nostre...époux Monsieur Rogier David”, by charter dated 29 May 1371[1492].  Alain [VII] & his wife had children: 

i)          JEAN de Rohan (-after 24 Feb 1395, bur Bonrepos)Vicomte de Rohan

-         see below

ii)         MARGUERITE de Rohan (-after 14 Dec 1406)Jean Vicomte de Rohan frere de laditte Marguerite” granted property to “damoiselle Marguerite de Rohan fille esnée feu...Alain Vicomte de Rohan” in view of her proposed marriage to “Jehan Seigneur de Beaumanoir chevalier” by charter dated 13 Jun 1356[1493].  “Salmon de Lyminnan” acknowledged a debt to “monsour Jahan Sire de Beaumennoir...deceddé...dame Margueritte de Rohan dame de Moncontour...compeigne dudit Sire de Beaumenoir” by charter dated 9 Feb 1367[1494]m firstly (after 13 Jun 1356) JEAN [IV] Seigneur de Beaumanoir, son of --- (-before 9 Feb 1367).  m secondly as his second wife, OLIVIER [V] Seigneur de Clisson, son of OLIVIER [IV] Seigneur de Clisson & his second wife Jeanne de Belleville (Clisson 23 Apr 1336-Château de Josselin 23 Apr 1407(Clisson 23 Apr 1336-Château de Josselin 23 Apr 1407). 

b)         OLIVIER de Rohan .  Olivier Vicomte de Rohan confirmed a sale by “Alein Chabot” to “Olivier de Rohan nostre fiulz” by charter dated 5 Apr 1322[1495]

Olivier & his second wife had three children: 

c)         JOSCELIN de Rohan .  Philippe VI King of France granted protection to “Josselin, Thiebaut et Gieffroy de Rohan freres communs” against “plusieurs personnes lours malveillans” by charter dated 22 Oct 1336[1496]Jahan Vicomte de Rohan Seigneur de Leon et de Noion et...Jahanne Vicomtesse et Dame desdis lieux” granted property of “feu Monsour Olivier Viconte de Rohan par mariage o Dame Jahanne de Leon sa femme en Quemenetheboy, en Brouret et le menair dou Pleseiz en la paroisse de Loudeac” to “nos...oncles Geffroy de Rohan...Evesque de Vannes et Joscelin de Rohan son frere” by charter dated 8 Aug 1372[1497]

d)         THIBAUT de Rohan .  Philippe VI King of France granted protection to “Josselin, Thiebaut et Gieffroy de Rohan freres communs” against “plusieurs personnes lours malveillans” by charter dated 22 Oct 1336[1498]

e)         GEOFFROY de Rohan .  Philippe VI King of France granted protection to “Josselin, Thiebaut et Gieffroy de Rohan freres communs” against “plusieurs personnes lours malveillans” by charter dated 22 Oct 1336[1499].  Bishop of Vannes.  “Jahan Vicomte de Rohan Seigneur de Leon et de Noion et...Jahanne Vicomtesse et Dame desdis lieux” granted property of “feu Monsour Olivier Viconte de Rohan par mariage o Dame Jahanne de Leon sa femme en Quemenetheboy, en Brouret et le menair dou Pleseiz en la paroisse de Loudeac” to “nos...oncles Geffroy de Rohan...Evesque de Vannes et Joscelin de Rohan son frere” by charter dated 8 Aug 1372[1500]

5.         GUY de Rohan (-after Aug 1299).  “Alain de Rohan chevalier fiuz einzné et principal heir de...Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier” divided territories with “Jocelin...Guyart et...Eonet mes freres”, with the consent of “madame Thomasse vicomtesse de Rohan ma mere”, by charter dated Dec 1298[1501].  "Alanus vicecomes de Rohan miles" distributed property inherited “per mortem Alani quondam vicecomitis de Rohan defuncti patris nostri...in regno Angliæ” to "filiis nostris Jocelino de Rohan et Guiardo de Rohan" by charter dated Aug 1299[1502]

6.         EON de Rohan (-after Oct 1311).  “Alain de Rohan chevalier fiuz einzné et principal heir de...Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier” divided territories with “Jocelin...Guyart et...Eonet mes freres”, with the consent of “madame Thomasse vicomtesse de Rohan ma mere”, by charter dated Dec 1298[1503].  "Olivier Vicomte de Rohan" granted property to “Eon son frere” by charter dated end Oct 1311[1504]m ---.  Eon & his wife had children: 

a)         OLIVIER de Rohan .  “Alain Vicomte de Rohan chevalier” noted that “nostre…pere le Vicomte Olivier” had granted property to “feu Mr. Eon de Rohan son frere” and confirmed the donation to “Olivier de Rohan filz aisné dudit Mr. Eon” by charter dated 20 Jun 1341[1505]

7.         JEANNE de Rohan (-after Jun 1312).  The marriage contract between “Alain vicomte de Rohan chevalier...Joane de Rohan...fille doudit vicomte...madame Ysabiau mere de lad. Joane” and “Hervé de Leon fuiz einzné et principal heir monsour Hervé de Leon” is dated Mar 1288[1506].  "Monseigneur Jehan de Guergollé" ratified the grant of payments to “Pierre de Guergollé...son pere...Janne femme doudit Pierres” by “Olivier Vicomte de Rohan chevalier frere de ladite Joane” by charter dated Apr 1312[1507].  "Pierres de Guergolé ou nom de Joanne de Rohan sa femme…a l´octorité de Monsier Rolan de Guergolé son curatour" and “le Vicomte de Rohan freire de ladite Joanne” reached agreement on payments by charter dated early Jun 1312[1508]m firstly (contract Mar 1288) HERVE de Léon, son of HERVE de Léon & his wife --- (-1304).  m secondly PIERRE de Guergolé, son of ---. 

8.         VILAINE de Rohan .  “Villana filia Alani vicecom. de Rohan relicta Ricardi domini de Rupe Jaguti” donated property "apud Guinebourg" to Bonrepos by charter dated Jan 1251[1509]m RICHARD Seigneur de Roche-Jagu, son of --- (-before Jan 1251). 

 

 

JEAN de Rohan, son of ALAIN [VII] Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Jeanne de Rostrenen ([1329]-château de Guéméné-sur-Scorff after 24 Feb 1396, bur Bonrepos)Vicomte de RohanThe testament of Jehan Vicomte de Rohan”, dated 24 Feb 1395, chooses burial “en l´Eglise de Bonrepos au diocèse de Cornouaille”, bequeathed property to “Dame Jehanne de Navarre ma compaigne...Charles mon fils...[...Kemené-guegant, de la Rocheperiou de la Rochemoisan et du Pontquellec...Marguerite de Rohan ma fille...au Sire de Quintin...Jehanne ma fille naturelle...toutes les rentes et revenus de la ville de Herlez...[1510]

m firstly (after Aug 1352) JEANNE de Léon, daughter of HERVE de Léon Seigneur de Noyon & his second wife Marguerite d´Avaugour (-10 Sep 1372).  The marriage contract between “Vicomte de Rohan” and “Joane de Leon” is undated (but dateable to after Aug 1352 when the bridegroom succeeded to the vicecomital title)[1511].  “Jahan Viconte de Rohan” ratified the testament of “feue...Dame Jehanne n´agueres Dame de Leon et de Noïon Vicontesse de Rohan nostre compaigne” by charter dated 29 Aug 1373[1512]

m secondly (Oct 1373) Infanta doña JUANA de Navarra, daughter of FELIPE III King of Navarre Comte d'Evreux & his wife doña Juana II Queen of Navarre ([1339]-château de Guéméné-sur-Scorff 20 Nov 1403, bur Abbaye de Monrepos).  “Charles...Roy de Navarre Comte d´Evreux” granted property to “nostre...sœur...Madame Jeanne de Navarre”, married to “nostre...frere Messire Jehan Vicomte de Rohan”, as her part in the succession of their parents by charter dated Oct 1377[1513].  “Jehan Duc de Bretagne” reached agreement with “comme par la mort...de...Jehan Vicomte de Rohan...nostre...cousin...le Sire de Cliçon et...cousin Alain Vic. de Rohan et de nostre…niepce la Vicomtesse de Rohan femme dudit Vicomte” on the repurchase of properties relating to the dower of “nostre...tante Dame Jehanne de Navarre Vic. de Rohan qui fut femme audit Vicomte...que tient Charles de Rohan” by charter dated 11 May 1396[1514]

Jean & his first wife had children: 

1.         ALAIN [VIII] de Rohan (-25 Jul 1429)Vicomte de Rohan.  “Jehan Duc de Bretagne” reached agreement with “comme par la mort...de...Jehan Vicomte de Rohan...nostre...cousin...le Sire de Cliçon et...cousin Alain Vic. de Rohan et de nostre…niepce la Vicomtesse de Rohan femme dudit Vicomte” on the repurchase of properties relating to the dower of “nostre...tante Dame Jehanne de Navarre Vic. de Rohan qui fut femme audit Vicomte...que tient Charles de Rohan” by charter dated 11 May 1396[1515]m BEATRIX de Clisson, daughter of OLIVIER [V] Seigneur de Clisson Comte de Porhoet & his first wife Beatrix de Laval (-1448).  Alain [VIII] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALAIN [IX] de Rohan (-20 Mar 1462, bur Abbey de Bonrepos)Vicomte de Rohan et de Léon Comte de Porhoët Baron du Pont-Châteaum firstly (26 Jun 1407) MARGUERITE de Bretagne, daughter of JEAN V "le Vaillant" Duke of Brittany & his third wife Infanta doña Juana de Navarra (1392-13 Apr 1428).  The Chronicon Britannicum records the marriage 26 Jun 1407 “in capella castri Nannetensis” of “Blanchia filia...Joannis quondam ducis Britanniæ et dominæ Johannæ filiæ regis Navarræ” and on the same day the marriage of “eius Blanchiæ soror Margareta” and “Alano filio vicecomitis et filiæ deffuncti...Oliverii de Clicon” after receiving papal dispensation for consanguinity[1516]m secondly (16 Nov 1450) MARIE de Vaudémont, daughter of ANTOINE de Lorraine Comte de Vaudémont Seigneur de Joinville & his wife Marie d'Harcourt (-23 Apr 1455).  m thirdly (Feb 1456) as her first husband, PERONELLE de Maillé, daughter of HARDOUIN Baron de Maillé & his wife ---.  She married secondly Roland de Rostrenen

-        VICOMTES de ROHAN[1517]

2.         MARGUERITE de Rohan (-after 24 Feb 1395).  The marriage contract between “Jehan fils ainsné de Monsier Gieffroy Boterel Sire de Quintin...Dame Tephene de Boesglé Dame de Quintin sa compagne et mere dudit Jehan” and “Marguerite fille de Monsieur Jehan Vicomte de Rohan...et Dame Jeanne de Leon Vicontesse de Rohan sa compaigne” is dated 4 Apr 1372[1518]The testament of Jehan Vicomte de Rohan”, dated 24 Feb 1395, chooses burial “en l´Eglise de Bonrepos au diocèse de Cornouaille”, bequeathed property to “Dame Jehanne de Navarre ma compaigne...Charles mon fils...[...Kemené-guegant, de la Rocheperiou de la Rochemoisan et du Pontquellec...Marguerite de Rohan ma fille...au Sire de Quintin...Jehanne ma fille naturelle...toutes les rentes et revenus de la ville de Herlez...[1519]m (contract 4 Apr 1372) JEAN de Quintin, son of GEOFFROY Boterel Seigneur de Quintin & his wife Tiphaine de Boisglé. 

3.         JEANNE de Rohan (-after 20 Jan 1407).  The marriage contract between “Robert d´Alençon Conte du Perche Seigneur d´Iexmois et de Caniel” and “Jehan Viconte de Rohan...Demoiselle Jehanne de Rohan fille de nous dit Viconte”, with the consent of “Allain notre fils aisné”, is dated 25 Apr 1374[1520].  “Pierre Seigneur d´Amboise et de Noyon sure Andele et Jehanne de Rohan nostre espouse” granted “[la] terre de Bellesousse” to “escuyer Amy dit le Bastard du Perche” by charter dated 2 Sep 1396[1521]m firstly (contract 25 Apr 1374) ROBERT d´Alençon Comte du Perche, son of CHARLES de Valois Comte d´Alençon et du Perche & his second wife doña María de La Cerda Dame de Lunel (-1377, bur Sées, église abbatiale de Saint-Martin).  m secondly PIERRE Sire d’Amboise Vicomte de Thouars, son of ---. 

Jean & his second wife had children: 

4.         CHARLES de RohanThe testament of Jehan Vicomte de Rohan”, dated 24 Feb 1395, chooses burial “en l´Eglise de Bonrepos au diocèse de Cornouaille”, bequeathed property to “Dame Jehanne de Navarre ma compaigne...Charles mon fils...[...Kemené-guegant, de la Rocheperiou de la Rochemoisan et du Pontquellec...Marguerite de Rohan ma fille...au Sire de Quintin...Jehanne ma fille naturelle...toutes les rentes et revenus de la ville de Herlez...[1522].  “Jehan Duc de Bretagne” reached agreement with “comme par la mort...de...Jehan Vicomte de Rohan...nostre...cousin...le Sire de Cliçon et...cousin Alain Vic. de Rohan et de nostre…niepce la Vicomtesse de Rohan femme dudit Vicomte” on the repurchase of properties relating to the dower of “nostre...tante Dame Jehanne de Navarre Vic. de Rohan qui fut femme audit Vicomte...que tient Charles de Rohan” by charter dated 11 May 1396[1523]

Jean had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:  . 

5.          JEANNEThe testament of “Jehan Vicomte de Rohan”, dated 24 Feb 1395, chooses burial “en l´Eglise de Bonrepos au diocèse de Cornouaille”, bequeathed property to “Dame Jehanne de Navarre ma compaigne...Charles mon fils...[...Kemené-guegant, de la Rocheperiou de la Rochemoisan et du Pontquellec...Marguerite de Rohan ma fille...au Sire de Quintin...Jehanne ma fille naturelle...toutes les rentes et revenus de la ville de Herlez...[1524].    

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    RENNES

 

 

 

A.      COMTES de RENNES

 

 

BERENGER, son of --- .  Comte.  889/before 931.  Guillaume of Jumièges records that Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks granted "terram maritimam ab Eptæ flumine usque ad Britannicos limites" together with "sua filia...Gisla" to Rollo who renounced his campaigns, that the king added "tota Britannia" and that “ipsius provinciæ principibus Berengerio atque Alanno” swore allegiance to Rollo[1525]

m [--- de Bretagne, daughter of GURWENT [Gurvand] Duke of Brittany & his wife ---].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Borderie suggests that Judi