ANJOU

  v2.2 Updated 17 September 2012

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.            COMTES d'ANJOU. 6

A.       COMTE d´ANJOU 862-866 (CAPET) 7

B.       COMTES d´ANJOU 878-1060. 8

INGELGER 878-888, FOULQUES I 909-942. 10

FOULQUES II 942-958. 14

GEOFFROY I 958-987. 19

FOULQUES III 987-1040, GEOFFROY II 1040-1060. 19

C.      COMTES d'ANJOU 1060-1189 (COMTES de GATINAIS) 19

GEOFFROY III 1060-1068, FOULQUES IV 1068-1109, GEOFFROY IV -1106. 19

FOULQUES V 1109-1129. 19

GEOFFROY V 1129-1151, HENRI I 1151-1189. 19

Chapter 2.            DUCS d'ANJOU (VALOIS) 19

A.       DUCS d'ANJOU 1360-1474 (VALOIS) 19

LOUIS I 1360-1384. 19

LOUIS II 1384-1417, LOUIS III 1417-1434. 19

RENE 1434-1480. 19

B.       SEIGNEURS de MEZIERES, MARQUIS de MEZIERES 1567. 19

Chapter 3.            VICOMTES d'ANJOU. 19

Chapter 4.            SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-GONTHIER, SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-RENARD. 19

Chapter 5.            SIRES de CRAON. 19

A.       SIRES de CRAON (ORIGINS) 19

B.       SIRES de CRAON (COMTES de NEVERS) 19

Chapter 6.            SEIGNEURS de LANGEAIS. 19

Chapter 7.            SEIGNEURS de MATHEFELON. 19

A.       SEIGNEURS de MATHEFELON.. 19

B.       SEIGNEURS de MATHEFELON (CHAMPAGNE/CHAMPIGNÉ) 19

Chapter 8.            SEIGNEURS de MONTREUIL. 19

Chapter 9.            SEIGNEURS de ROCHECORBON. 19

Chapter 10.           ROCHES (SENESCHAL of ANJOU) 19

Chapter 11.           SEIGNEURS de SABLE. 19

A.       SEIGNEURS de SABLE.. 19

B.       SEIGNEURS de SABLE (BEAUMONT-en-MAINE) 19

C.      SEIGNEURS de SABLE (NEVERS) 19

Chapter 12.           SEIGNEURS de SAUMUR. 19

Chapter 13.           SEIGNEURS de VIHIERS. 19

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The county of Anjou was the successor of the pagus Andegavensis or Andecavus, the territory being called by the latter name in a charter of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 17 Sep 848 which is included in the cartulary of the cathedral of St Maurice, Angers[1].  The Anjou area was under Merovingian and Carolingian Frankish rule until 849, when Nominoë Duke of Brittany captured Angers and pushed his territorial acquisitions as far as Le Mans and Blois[2].  The Annales Bertiniani record the attack on "Andegavis" by "Nomenogius Brito" in 849[3].  Duke Nominoë died in 851 and the precise fate of the territory around Angers under his immediate successor is unclear.  However, a document issued by King Charles II dated Nov 853 names "Dodo episcopus, Hrotbertus et Osbertus" as missi in "Cinnomannio, Andegavensi, atque Turonico, Corboniso, et Sagiso"[4], which suggests that the West Frankish king had regained control.  The area also suffered Viking raids:  the Annales Bertiniani record that "piratæ Nortmannorum" sailed up the Loire in 854 and burned "civitatem Andegavorum"[5].  Difficulties with the Bretons persisted as the Annales Bertiniani record that "Rodbertus" attacked "Salomone duce" [duke of Brittany] in 862[6].  The Annales record that King Charles II´s son, the future King Louis II "le Bègue", rebelled against his father in 862 and, heading an army of Bretons, defeated "Rotbertum patris fidelem" in 862 and burned Angers yet again[7].  The creation of the "march" of Anjou is probably dated to the early 860s, as the Annales Bertiniani name "Rodberto, qui marchio in Andegavo fuerat" in 865[8].  However, this change of jurisdictional status must have been insufficient to control the Bretons and the Vikings as the mention of Robert in the Annales in 865 appears in the context of King Charles II imposing direct rule in the area by sending "Hludowicum filium suum" into "Neustriam" and granting him "comitatum Andegavensem et abbatiam Maioris-monasterii et quasdam villas illi", while Robert was compensated with "comitatum Autissiodorensem et comitatum Nivernensem". 

 

Between 866 and the late 920s, the history of the county of Anjou is obscure and the record of the succession of counts incomplete and imprecise.  The Chronicle of Saint-Serge records that Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks recaptured Angers in 872, adding that, following the deaths of "Robertum Andegavorum comitem, Ranulphum Pictavorum comitem", the Vikings occupied the town[9].  The Chronicle of Saint-Aubin dates the same event to 873[10].  Neither source specifies who was appointed as comte d´Anjou at that time.  The Historia Comitum Andegavorum records that Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, therefore dated to [877/79], granted "dimidium Andegavis comitatum" to "Ingelgerius"[11].  The source does not state who was granted the other half of the county, but says that "Fulco Rufus secundus comes, filius Ingelgerii" was granted "integrum comitatum Andegavensium et abbatias Sancti Albini et Sancti Sergii" in 912[12].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Ingelgerius Gastinensis comes…Lochiæ et Ambaziæ dominus" acquired "Andegavensem consulatum" (undated) and that he was succeeded by "filius eius Fulco…cognominatus…Rufus", adding in a later passage that Foulques held "integrum comitatum Andegavensium" which had previously been divided into two parts[13]

 

The early history of the family of the counts of Anjou is recounted in several lengthy 11th and 12th century chronicles.  The reported origin of the comtes d´Anjou appears legendary.  The reconstruction of the early generations of the family, as reported in the Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, is shown in Chapter 1. B below but is unlikely to be historically accurate.  Many later details in these sources can be corroborated by charter evidence, despite their composition up to a couple of centuries later than the events which they record.  One curious divergence is noteworthy.  Both the Gesta Consulum Andegavorum and the Historia Comitum Andegavorum record that Count Geoffroy I "Grisegonelle" was succeeded as count by his youngest son Maurice, who in turn was succeeded by his own alleged son Count Foulques III "Nerra"[14].  This supposed line of succession is chronologically impossible and is contradicted by all other sources, including the Historiæ Andegavensis which was allegedly written by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d'Anjou, all of which confirm that Foulques III was the son and successor of Geoffroy I.  This is the only example so far found, in all the numerous sources consulted during the course of researching Medieval Lands, of an important discrepancy in the line of succession of a major ruling European comital family.  No explanation has so far been found for this curious anomaly. 

 

Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou, who ruled from 987 to 1040, considerably expanded the territory of the county of Anjou by conquering "le pays de Mauge" from Brittany, and Saumur and Langeais from the comtes de Blois, while his successor Geoffroy II "Martel" conquered Touraine and was granted Saintonge as ransom for Guillaume III Duke of Aquitaine whom he had captured[15].  The county of Anjou remained in the same family until the early 13th century and the counts recognised the Capetian king of France as their suzerain throughout the period.  The marriages of the counts of Anjou in the 10th and 11th centuries, notably with the families of the counts of Angoulême, Blois, Gâtinais, Maine and Vendôme, as well as the dukes of Brittany, show that their influence and ambitions were limited at that time to neighbouring parts of France.  However, two fortunate marriage alliances launched the family on to the international political scene in the early part of the second quarter of the 12th century.  Firstly, Foulques V Comte d'Anjou married in 1129, as his second wife, the heiress of the kingdom of Jerusalem.  He resigned Anjou to his son Geoffroy, and left for Jerusalem where his descendants, in the male line, continued to rule the kingdom until 1185.  Secondly, his son and successor, Comte Geoffroy V, married Matilda, daughter of Henry I King of England in 1128.  This marriage was to have even more important consequences for the success of the Anjou family as the couple's son succeeded to the English throne in 1154 as King Henry II, and his descendants in the male line continued to rule England until 1485. 

 

The English Angevin kings lost the counties of Anjou and Maine to the Capetian kings of France in [1206].  King Louis IX invested his brother Charles with the county of Anjou in 1246, but Charles's principal fields of activity were Provence (which he ruled from 1246 by right of his wife) and the kingdom of Naples/Sicily where he was installed as king in 1265 with the active support of the Papacy.  His descendants are shown in the document SICILY.  The second Angevin dynasty from the family of the Capetian kings was founded by Louis, son of Jean II King of France, who was installed as Comte d'Anjou in 1351 and as Duc d'Anjou in 1360 (see Chapter 2). 

 

This document also shows some noble families based in the county of Anjou:  the Vicomtes d'Anjou in the 10th and early 11th centuries (Chapter 3), the Seigneurs de Château-Gonthier and Château-Renard (Chapter 4), the Sires de Craon (Chapter 5), the Seigneurs de Langeais (Chapter 6), the Seigneurs de Mathefelon (Chapter 7), the Seigneurs de Montreuil (Chapter 8), the Seigneurs de Roche-Corbon (Chapter 9), the family of Guillaume des Roches, Seneschal of Anjou from 1199 to 1222 (Chapter 10), the Seigneurs de Sablé (Chapter 11), the Seigneurs de Saumur (Chapter 12), and the Seigneurs de Vihiers (Chapter 13). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES d'ANJOU

 

 

 

A.      COMTE d´ANJOU 862-866 (CAPET)

 

 

1.         ROBERT "le Fort" (-killed in battle Brissarthe 2 Jul 866).  The question of the origin of Robert "le Fort" is discussed in full in the document FRANCE CAPETIAN KINGS.  A document issued by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated Nov 853 names "Dodo episcopus, Hrotbertus et Osbertus" as missi in "Cinnomannio, Andegavensi, atque Turonico, Corboniso, et Sagiso"[16].  He rebelled against King Charles II in 858.  Robert submitted to the king's authority, when he was given command of the march of Neustria which had been confiscated from the Rorgonid family for supporting the revolt of King Charles´s son Louis (later King Louis II) against his father[17]Regino records that King Charles II "le Chauve" invested "Rodberto comiti" with "ducatum inter Ligerim et Sequanam adversum Brittones" in 861[18].  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Rodbertus" attacked "Salomone duce" [duke of Brittany] in 862[19].  The Annales record that King Charles II´s son, the future King Louis II "le Bègue", rebelled against his father in 862 and, heading an army of Bretons, defeated "Rotbertum patris fidelem" in 862 and burned Angers yet again[20]Count in the march of Anjou [862/63]:  the creation of the "march" of Anjou is probably dated to the early 860s, as the Annales Bertiniani name "Rodberto, qui marchio in Andegavo fuerat" in 865[21].  However, this change of jurisdictional status must have been insufficient to control the Bretons and the Vikings as the mention of Robert in the Annales in 865 is in the context of King Charles imposing direct rule in the area by sending "Hludowicum filium suum" into "Neustriam" and granting him "comitatum Andegavensem et abbatiam Maioris-monasterii et quasdam villas illi", while Robert was compensated with "comitatum Autissiodorensem et comitatum Nivernensem".  Comte d'Auxerre and Comte de Nevers 865.  The Annales Bertiniani name "Rodbertus et Odo" as "præfecti" in the Seine valley area in 866 when recording that they repelled the Vikings who had sailed up river as far as "castrum Milidunum"[22].  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Rotbertum et Ramnulfum, Godtfridum quoque et Heriveum comites" were defeated by the Vikings at "Brieserta" in 866, where Robert was killed[23].  The Adonis Continuatio records that "Robertus quoque atque Ramnulfus…inter primos ipsi priores" were killed by the Vikings in 866[24]

 

 

 

B.      COMTES d´ANJOU 878-1060

 

 

[TORQUATIUS [Tortulfus] .  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "vir quidam de Armorica Gallia nomine Torquatius…Tortulfus dictus fuit", recording that "genus eius olim ab Armorica iussu Maximi Imperatoris a Britonibus expulsum est"[25].  The Historia Comitum Andegavorum specifies that Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks appointed Torquatius "forestæ qua Nidus Merulæ…forestarum constituit"[26].  The name Torquatius/Tortulfus does not have a convincing ring.  It is probable that he was not a historical person.] 

m ---.  The name of Torquatius's wife is not known. 

[Torquatius & his wife had one child:] 

1.         [TERTULLUS .  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Torquatus sive Tortulfus genuit Tertullum", recording that he was granted property by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks[27].  "Tertullus" is no more convincing than "Tortulfus" as the name of a historical figure in north-west France in the mid-9th century.  As is the case with his supposed father, it is probable that Tertullus was not a historical person.  m PETRONILLA, daughter of --- Duke of Burgundy & his wife ---.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the marriage of "Tertullus nobilem dux" and "ducis Burgundiæ filiam nomine Petronillam"[28].  The Chronico Turonensi names "Ingelgerius comes Andergavensis", the couple's son, as "nepos Hugonis Ducis Burgundiæ"[29].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius…filius eius Fulco cognominatus Rufus", recording that "Hugo Dux Burgundiæ, filius alterius Hugonis" was "ex parte matris suæ [Fulco] consanguineus"[30].  The context suggests that "matris suæ" refers to Foulques, although according to other sources the connection was through the mother of Ingelger.  No other record has been found of any dukes of Burgundy who could have been related to Petronilla.  As with her husband, it is probable that Petronilla and her father were not historical persons.  Tertullus & his wife had one child:] 

a)         [INGELGER (-[888], bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius" as son of "Tertullus nobilem dux" & his wife[31].] 

-        see below

b)         [FOULQUES (-after 5 Jul 905).  "Ardradus" donated property "in pago Aurelianense" for the soul of "genitoris mei domni Attonis" with the consent of "frater meus Atto" to Saint-Martin d'Angers by charter dated 29 Sep 898, signed by "Ardradi, Attonis fratris sui vicecomitis…Fulconis vicecomitis"[32].  "Fulconis Turononum et Andecavorum vicecomitis…Guernagaudi vicecomitis vel graphionis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jul 905 under which "Archambaldus et uxor mea Ingilrada" donated property "in pago Turonico in vicaria Evenense" to Saint-Martin d'Angers[33].  It is unlikely that these two entries refer to Foulques "le Roux" (who was Vicomte de Tours et d'Anjou from [909] and was installed as Comte d'Anjou in 929), assuming that it is correct that he was born in [888] (see below).  Nevertheless, his name suggests a close family connection, as also do his titles which subsequently passed to the younger Foulques.  It is suggested here that Foulques senior was a younger brother of Ingelger, but this is no more than speculation.  It is also possible that he was the ancestor of the later Vicomtes d'Anjou, who are set in Chapter 3 of the present document.] 

 

 

INGELGER 878-888, FOULQUES I 909-942

 

INGELGER, son of [TERTULLUS & his wife Petronilla of Burgundy] (-[888], bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin).  Foulque I "le Roux" Comte d´Anjou names "Ingelgerio genitore meo…" in a charter dated to [929/30][34].  There is doubt whether the other references to Ingelger, which follow, accurately reflect the historical reality of his life.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius" as son of "Tertullus nobilem dux" and his wife[35].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius…iuvenis filius Tortulfi"[36].  The Chronico Turonensi names "Ingelgerius comes Andergavensis" as "nepos Hugonis Ducis Burgundiæ"[37].  Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks gave him "a piece of a fief in the castle of Landonense".  He was installed as vicomte of the city of Orléans by Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, and appointed as royal representative at Tours.  The Historia Comitum Andegavorum records that Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, therefore dated to [877/79], granted "dimidium Andegavis comitatum" to "Ingelgerius"[38].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that Ingelger died from "focositatem, phthisim et hydropisim"[39].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of "Ingelgerius" at "ecclesia beati Martini Castrinovi"[40]

m ADELAIS, niece of ADALHARD Archbishop of Tours and of RAINO Bishop of Angers, daughter of ---.  The Historia Comitum Andegavorum records that Ingelger married "Rursus Adelardus et Raymo ambo germani fratres, Turonensium et Andegavensium pontifices, neptem suam Aelindis" and that her dowry consisted of "alodiis suis…Ambazio, Busenciaco et Castellione"[41].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that Ingelger married "Landonensis castri sive Gastinensis pagi consul nomine Gaufredus…filiam unicam…Adelam", and thereby inherited "Landonensi castro" as she was the heir of her father who had no surviving male issue[42], but this text may confuse Ingelger's wife with the first wife of Comte Foulques II "le Bon" (see below).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that, after the death of her husband, Adelais was unjustly accused of adultery by a group of nobles led by "Guntrannus parens Ingelgerii" but later exonerated[43]

Comte Ingelger & his wife had one son:

1.         FOULQUES (-[Aug 941/942], bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius…filius eius Fulco cognominatus Rufus"[44].  [“Ademari comitis, Attonis vicecomitis...Guarnegaudi...Ragenaldi...Fulconis, Gauzfredi” subscribed the charter dated Apr 886 under which “Odo...comes et...abbas...Sancti Martini” returned property in Italy “Solarium...et Vallem Caumoniam” to the abbey[45].  "Rotberti rerum Sancti Martini abbatis, Guarnegaudi vicecomitis, Burchardi comitis, Fulconis, Ardradi vicecomitis..." subscribed the charter dated 22 Mar [891/92] which records the judgment at Tours in favour of Saint-Martin against Ricbert who had mistreated serfs[46].  It is uncertain whether the subscriber of these two charters is the same person as the future Foulques I Comte d´Anjou.  The date of the earlier charter especially appears to be early for him to have been the same.]  Vicomte d´Anjou: "Ardradus" donated "villam...Bainam...in pago Aurelianense" to Saint-Martin de Tours, for the soul of “genitoris mei domni Attonis”, with the consent of “frater meus Atto”, by charter dated 29 Sep 898, subscribed by “Attonis fratris sui vicecomitis, Gunberti avunculi ipsorum, Fulconis vicecomitis...[47].  “...Attonis vicecomitis, Guarnegaudi vicecomitis, Fulconis vicecomitis” subscribed the charter dated 22 May 899 under which “Rotbertus...Sancti Martini abbas et comes” restored “cellam beati Clementis martyris” to Saint-Martin[48].  “...Attonis vicecomitis, Guarnegaudi vicecomitis, Fulconis vicecomitis, Rainaldi vicecomitis...” subscribed the charter dated 13 Sep 900 under which “Rotbertus...beati Martini abba...et comes” restored “cellulæ...Sancti Clementis”, previously donated by “predecessor noster domnus Odo germanus noster...tunc abbas deinde Francorum rex”, to Saint-Martin[49].  Vicomte de Tours: "Archambaldus et uxor mea Ingilrada" donated property "in pago Turonico in vicaria Evenense...in villa...Fontanas...in villa...Linarias" to Saint-Martin de Tours by charter dated 5 Jul 905, subscribed by “Fulconis Turonorum et Andecavorum vicecomitis, Gauzleni comitis et yppocomitis palatii...Guarnegaudi vicecomitis vel graphionis, Burchardi comitis vel graphionis...[50]FOULQUES I "le Roux" Comte d'Anjou: "Domni Fulconis Andecavorum comitis, Tedbaldi Turonorum vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated 30 Oct 909 under which the testamentary executors of "domni Gauzuini" donated property to Saint-Martin de Tours[51].  “Domni Gauslini comitis, domni Ervei comitis, domni Gausberti comitis, domni Fulconis” subscribed the charter dated 13 Nov 912 under which “domnus Rotbertus Sancti Martini...atque...beati Martini Majoris...monastgerii...abba...et comes” confirmed the independence of Marmoutier abbey[52].  "Fulconis abbatis atque vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated Aug 924 under which "Fulculfus et conjux mea Eufrasia" donated property to Saint-Aubin d´Angers[53].  His lay abbacies are noted in the charter dated to [929/30] under which "Fulco Andecavorum comes abbas quoque Sancti Albini Sanctique Lizinii necnon et uxor mea Roscilla et filii mei Widdo ac Fulco" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers for the souls of "Ingelgerio genitore meo atque Ingelgerio filio meo necnon…Warnerio socro meo et uxore sua Tescenda"[54].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of "Fulco Rufus" at "ecclesia beati Martini iuxta patrem suum"[55].  "Domni Fulconis et filii ipsius…quoque Fulconis" are named as present in a charter dated Aug 941 which records a lawsuit concerning land claimed by "sacerdos Sancti Martini…Tesmunnus"[56]m ROSCILLE [de Loches], daughter of GARNIER Seigneur de Loches, Villentrasti et Haia & his wife Tescenda ---.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the marriage of Comte Foulques and "de pago Turonico…Roscillam, Warnerii filiam", specifying that "Warnerius…filius Adalaudi" had three castles "in Turonico…Lochas atque Villentrasti et Haia" which Foulques later acquired[57].  "Falco comes Andecavorum iuvenis" names "uxor mea Roscila et filii mei Guido et Fulco" in a donation of property "pro anima Ingelgerii patris mei et iterum Ingelgerii filii mei et Vuarnerii soceri mei et uxoris suæ Tescendæ" by charter dated 929[58].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes abbas quoque Sancti Albini Sanctique Lizinii necnon et uxor mea Roscilla et filii mei Widdo ac Fulco" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers for the souls of "Ingelgerio genitore meo atque Ingelgerio filio meo necnon…Warnerio socro meo et uxore sua Tescenda" by charter dated to [929/30][59].  Comte Foulques I & his wife had five children:

a)         INGELGER d'Anjou (-killed in battle [927]).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Fulco Rufus alium [filium] …Ingelgerium" was killed fighting the Normans[60].  Although he is discussed in the Gesta after his brother Guy, it is likely that he was the oldest son, the first-born rarely entering the church although ecclesiasts were given precedence in lists of children in contemporary texts due to their perceived superior rank.  "Falco comes Andecavorum iuvenis" names "uxor mea Roscila et filii mei Guido et Fulco" in a donation of property "pro anima Ingelgerii patris mei et iterum Ingelgerii filii mei et Vuarnerii soceri mei et uxoris suæ Tescendæ" by charter dated 929[61].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes abbas quoque Sancti Albini Sanctique Lizinii necnon et uxor mea Roscilla et filii mei Widdo ac Fulco" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers for the souls of "…Ingelgerio filio meo…" by charter dated to [929/30][62]

b)         GUY d'Anjou (-[970]).  His father offered him as a hostage to the Normans in return for the release of Charles III "le Simple" King of the Franks in 922.  Bishop of Soissons 937.  Flodoard records in 937 the death of “Abbo Suessorum præsul” and the succession of “Wido filius Fulconis Andegavensis, sancti Martini Turonensis canonicus” to the bishopric[63].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Fulco…filiosque…quorum unus Guido" was made Bishop of Soissons by "Hugonem Abba-Comitem"[64]

c)         FOULQUES d'Anjou (-11 Nov 958).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Fulco Rufus alium [filium] …tertium iuniorem…alter Fulco cognominatus Bonus" when recording that he succeeded his father[65].  He succeeded his father in 942 as FOULQUES II "le Bon" Comte d'Anjou.    

-        see below

d)         ROSCILLE d'Anjou (-[943/51]).  A document, allegedly from a "Registre conservé à la Tour de Londres, composé par ordre de Foulque IV", records that "Comes Fulco et Tescendis comitissa" [presumably referring to Comte Foulques I and his wife Roscille] had "tres filios…et Roscillam Alani comitis dicti de Barbatorta uxorem", although this text does not form part of the surviving fragmentary history of the counts of Anjou which is attributed to Foulque IV "Réchin" Comte d´Anjou[66]m (943) as his first wife, ALAIN II "le Barbetorte" Duke of Brittany, son of MATHEDOI [I] Comte de Poher & his wife --- de Bretagne (in Brittany [before 919]-952). 

e)         [ADELA d'Anjou .  A list of members of the Cathedral of Paris lists (in order) "…Walterius comes, Adela comitissa…"[67].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[68], Adela was the possible daughter of Foulques I Comte d'Anjou.  The primary source which confirms her origin has not yet been identified.  It is possible that it is speculative, based on one of her sons being named Foulques.  m as his second wife, GAUTHIER [I] Comte de Valois, d'Amiens et du Vexin, son of --- ([925]-987).] 

 

 

FOULQUES II 942-958

 

FOULQUES d'Anjou, son of FOULQUES I "le Roux" Comte d'Anjou & his wife Roscille de "Loches" (-11 Nov 958).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Fulco Rufus alium [filium] …tertium iuniorem…alter Fulco cognominatus Bonus" when recording that he succeeded his father[69].  He succeeded his father as FOULQUES II "le Bon" Comte d'Anjou.  He made peace with the Normans. 

m firstly ([937]) GERBERGE, daughter of --- (-before 952).  "Gaufridus…Andecavorum comes" names "patris mei Fulconis, matris quoque meæ Gerbergæ" in his charter dated 19 Jun 966[70].  Maurice Chaume suggested that she was Gerberge, daughter of Geoffroy Vicomte d'Orléans [Comte de Gâtinais], based on onomastic reasons only to explain the introduction of the name Geoffroy into the family of the Comtes d'Anjou[71]

m secondly (after 952) as her second husband, --- de Blois, widow of ALAIN II “Barbetorte” Duke of Brittany, daughter of THIBAUT [I] "l'Ancien" Comte de Blois & his [second wife Richilde ---].  The Chronicle of Nantes records the marriage of "Theobaldus comes Blesensis…sororem suam relictam Alani Barbætortæ ducis" and "Fulconi comiti Andegavensi"[72]

Comte Foulques II & his first wife had four children: 

1.         GEOFFROY d'Anjou ([938/40]-21 Jul 987, bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "primogenitus Gofridus…Guido…episcopus Podii…tertius minor Drogo" as the three sons of "Fulco Pius"[73].  He succeeded his father in 958 as GEOFFROY I "Grisgonelle" Comte d'Anjou

-        see below

2.         GUY d'Anjou (-before 995).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "primogenitus Gofridus…Guido…episcopus Podii…tertius minor Drogo" as the three sons of "Fulco Pius"[74].  The Chronicle of Saint-Pierre du Puy refers to the bishop who was "frater germanus comes Gaufridus cognomento Grisogonella", clarifying in a later passage that he was "dominus Guido sanctæ Vallavensis ecclesiæ…episcopus"[75].  "Gaufridus…Andecavorum comes", with the consent of "fratre meo Widone abate", established the right of the comtes d'Anjou to appoint abbots of Saint-Aubin d'Angers, by charter dated 19 Jun 966[76].  He was appointed Bishop of Le Puy in 975 by Lothaire King of the West Franks. 

3.         ADELAIS [Blanche] d'Anjou ([940/50]-[29 May 1026, bur Montmajour, near Arles]).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the Chronicle of Saint-Pierre du Puy which names "comes Gaufridus cognomento Grisogonella…Pontius et Bertrandus eius nepotes…matre eorum Adalaide sorore ipsius"[77], the brothers Pons and Bertrand being confirmed in other sources as the sons of Etienne de Brioude (for example the charter dated 1000 under which "duo germani fratres…Pontius, alter Bertrandus" donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of "patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis")[78].  Adelais's second and third marriages are confirmed by Richer who records the marriage of Louis and "Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum uxorem" and their coronation as king and queen of Aquitaine[79].  The Chronicon Andegavensi names "Blanchiam filiam Fulconis Boni comitis Andegavensis" as wife of the successor of "Lotharius rex Francorum", but confuses matters by stating that the couple were parents of "filiam Constantiam" wife of Robert II King of France[80].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence names "Blanchiam" as the wife of "Lotharius rex…Ludovicum filium" but does not give her origin[81].  She was crowned Queen of Aquitaine with her third husband on the day of their marriage.  The Libro de Otiis Imperialibus names "Blanchiam" as wife of "Ludovicus puer [filius Lotharii]"[82].  Rodulfus Glaber refers to the unnamed wife of "Ludowicum" as "ab Aquitanis partibus uxorem", recounting that she tricked him into travelling to Aquitaine where "she left him and attached herself to her own family"[83].  Richer records her marriage with "Wilelmum Arelatensem" after her divorce from Louis[84].  Her fourth marriage is confirmed by the Historia Francorum which names "Blanca sorore Gaufridi comitis Andegavensis" as wife of "Guillelmi comitis Arelatensis"[85].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Blanche comitisse Arelatensis" as mother of "Constantia [uxor Robertus rex]", specifying that she was "soror Gaufridi Grisagonelli"[86].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Blanca sorore eius" ( "eius" referring incorrectly to Foulques "Nerra" Comte d'Anjou) as wife of "Guillelmi Arelatensis comitis" and as mother of Constance, wife of Robert II King of France[87].  "Adalaiz comitissa" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille by charter dated 1003[88].  This charter is subscribed by "Emma comitissa…Wilelmus comes", the second of whom was presumably the son of Adelais but the first of whom has not been identified.  "Pontius…Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex" issued a charter dated 1005 with the consent of "domni Rodhbaldi comitis et domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius"[89].  "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively by charter dated 1018 (this document makes no mention of Adelais´s supposed fifth husband)[90].  No explanation has been found for her having been named Adelais in some sources and Blanche in others: it is difficult to interpret all these documents to mean that they referred to two separate individuals.  Adelais's supposed fifth marriage is deduced from the following: Count Othon-Guillaume's wife is named Adelais in several charters[91], and Pope Benedict VIII refers to "domnæ Adeleidi comitissæ cognomento Blanchæ" with "nuruique eius domnæ Gerbergæ comitissæ" when addressing her supposed husband in a document dated Sep 1016[92], Gerberga presumably being Count Othon-Guillaume's daughter by his first wife who was the widow of Adelais-Blanche d´Anjou's son by her fourth husband.  However, the document in question appears not to specify that "domnæ Adeleidi…" was the wife of Othon Guillaume and the extracts seen (the full text has not yet been consulted) do not permit this conclusion to be drawn.  It is perfectly possible that the Pope named Adelais-Blanche in the letter only in reference to her relationship to Othon Guillaume´s daughter.  If her fifth marriage is correct, Adelais would have been considerably older than her new husband, and probably nearly sixty years old when she married (Othon-Guillaume's first wife died in [1002/04]), which seems unlikely.  Another difficulty is presented by three entries dated 1018, 1024 and 1026 which appear to link Adelais to Provence while, if the fifth marriage was correct, she would have been with her husband (whose death is recorded in Sep 1026) in Mâcon.  These entries are: firstly, "Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa…eiusdem principis olim uxor" donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband respectively by charter dated 1018[93]; secondly, "Vuilelmus filius Rodbaldi" donated property "in comitatu Aquense in valle…Cagnanam" to Marseille Saint-Victor by charter dated 1024, signed by "Adalaiz comitissa, Vuilelmus comes filius Rodbaldi"[94]; and thirdly, a manuscript written by Arnoux, monk at Saint-André-lès-Avignon, records the death in 1026 of "Adalax comitissa"[95].  The necrology of Saint-Pierre de Mâcon records the death "IV Kal Jun" of "Adalasia comitissa vocata regali progenie orta"[96].  An enquiry dated 2 Jan 1215 records that "comitissa Blanca" was buried "apud Montem Majorem"[97]m firstly ([950/60]) as his second wife, ETIENNE de Brioude, son of BERTRAND --- & his wife Emilgarde [Emilde] --- (-before [970/75]).  m secondly ([970/75]) RAYMOND IV Comte de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND III Comte de Toulouse & his wife Gundinildis --- ([945/55]-killed "Carazo" [972/79]).  m thirdly (Vieux-Brioude, Haute-Loire 982, divorced 984) LOUIS associate King of the Franks, son of LOTHAIRE King of the Franks & Emma d'Arles [Italy] ([966/67]-Compiègne 21 May 987, bur Compiègne, église collégiale de Saint-Corneille).  Crowned King of Aquitaine the day of his marriage in 982.  He succeeded his father in 986 as LOUIS V King of the Franksm fourthly ([984/86]) as his second wife, GUILLAUME [II] "le Libérateur" Comte d'Arles Marquis de Provence, son of BOSON [II] Comte d'Arles & his wife Constantia [de Vienne] ([955]-Avignon 993 after 29 Aug, bur Sarrians, église de Sainte-Croix).  [m fifthly (before 1016) as his second wife, OTHON GUILLAUME Comte de Mâcon et de Nevers [Bourgogne-Comté], son of ADALBERTO associate-King of Italy & his wife Gerberge de Chalon ([960/62]-Dijon 21 Sep 1026).]  

4.         DREUX d'Anjou (-998).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "primogenitus Gofridus…Guido…episcopus Podii…tertius minor Drogo" as the three sons of "Fulco Pius", specifying that Drogo succeeded his brother as Bishop of Le Puy[98]Bishop of Le Puy .     

 

 

GEOFFROY I 958-987

 

GEOFFROY d'Anjou, son of FOULQUES II "le Bon" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Gerberge --- ([938/40]-Marso 21 Jul 987, bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "primogenitus Gofridus…Guido…episcopus Podii…tertius minor Drogo" as the three sons of "Fulco Pius"[99].  He succeeded his father in 958 as GEOFFROY I "Grisegonelle" Comte d'Anjou.  "Teutbaldi comitis, Teutbaldi junioris, Gausfredi comitis, Hugonis comitis Cenomannorum…" subscribed the charter dated Sep 960 under which "Aremburgis" donated property to Saint-Florent de Saumur[100].  "Gaufridus…Andecavorum comes", with the consent of "fratre meo Widone abate", established the right of the comtes d'Anjou to appoint abbots of Saint-Aubin d'Angers, by charter dated 19 Jun 966[101].  He succeeded as Comte de Chalon from his second marriage until his death in 987.  The Chronico Sancti Michaelis records the death in 987 of "Gaufredus comes Andegavensis pater Fulconis"[102].  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Gaufridus Andecavorum comes, pater Fulconis comitis" was killed "XII Kal Aug in obsidione Marsonis super Odonem Rufinum facta"[103].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Aug 987" of "Gaufridus Andegavensis comes, pater Fulconis in obsidione Marsonis"[104].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of Geoffroy "in ecclesia Beati Martini Castri Novi"[105].  The Annales Sancti Albini Andegavensis record the death "XII Kal Aug…in obsidione Narsonis super Odonem Rufinum facta" of "Gaufridus comes, pater Fulchonis"[106]

m firstly ([965] or before) ADELA de Meaux, daughter of ROBERT Comte de Meaux et de Troyes & his wife Adelais [de Bourgogne] ([950]-974 after 6 Mar).  A manuscript genealogy, dated to the early 12th century, records "Herbertus de Tricis, Robertus, Adela, Fulco, Gaufridus Martellus"[107].  Her marriage date is estimated based on the estimated birth date of her oldest daughter.  "Adela" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 6 Mar 974 which names "seniore meo Gauzfredo comite" and is subscribed by "Gauzfredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius, Gauzfredi filii eius"[108].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini names "Adela comitissa…et marito suo Gaufrido" as present at the ordination of "Rainaldus episcopus" in 1074[109].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes" relinquished rights to the bishop of Angers "pro anima patris mei Gauffredi et matris Adelæ" by charter dated 17 Jan 1020[110]

m secondly (2 or 9 Mar 979) as her second husband, ADELAIS, widow of LAMBERT Comte de Chalon, daughter of --- (-after 18 Oct 984).  "Gausfredus comes [et]…Adeleidis uxor mea" jointly donated land in "pago Cabilonensi" by charter dated Mar 979, her first marriage being deduced from "Hugo filius Lanberti comitis" acting jointly with them and signing "Hugonis filii eius" directly after "Adeleidis" in the subscriptions[111].  "Gauzfredi comitis, Adaleidis comitissa" subscribed a charter dated 18 Oct 984[112].  The origin of Adelais has been the subject of much speculation.  Settipani has suggested[113] that she was the daughter of Hugues Comte en Bourgogne & his wife Willa von Thurgau.  Chaume suggested[114] that she was the daughter or granddaughter of Charles Constantin Comte de Vienne.  Bouchard sets out several different theories concerning Adelais's origin, with the aim mainly of explaining Lambert's succession to the county of Chalon by inheritance through his wife.  However, none appears to be based on any primary source and the author concludes that she prefers "to leave Adelaide's origins unknown"[115].  An earlier theory was that Adelais was the sister of "Wera" Ctss de Meaux[116], which would mean that she was Adelais, daughter of Giselbert Duke of Burgundy, Comte de Chalon-sur-Saône et de Troyes & his wife Ermengarde [of Burgundy].  Duchesne[117] suggested that Adelais Ctss de Chalon was the daughter of Robert Comte de Meaux et de Troyes, although this would mean that the two wives of Geoffroy I Comte d'Anjou were sisters, no mention of which has so far been found in contemporary sources.  Yet another suggestion is that Adelais Ctss de Chalon was the same person as Wera-Adelais Ctss de Meaux.  However, this is even more unlikely chronologically considering the estimated birth date of Wera-Adelais and the fact that Adelais de Chalon gave birth to at least one child by her second husband, Geoffroy Comte d'Anjou, after their marriage in 979.  It would also mean that Comte Geoffroy married, as his second wife, his first wife's mother which is unlikely to have been accepted by the church.  Finally, in 1619, Duchesne[118] suggested that Adelais was the sister of Guillaume I Comte d'Arles. 

Comte Geoffroy I & his first wife had four children:

1.         ERMENGARDE d'Anjou (before 965-after 982).  Rodulfus Glaber records that Conan married the sister of Foulques of Anjou but does not name her[119].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  She was presumably born before 965 if it is correct that her first child was born in 980.  m (973) CONAN Comte de Rennes, son of JUDICAËL BERENGAR Comte de Rennes & his wife Gerberge --- (-killed in battle Conquereil 27 Jun 992).  He succeeded in 990 as CONAN I "le Tort" Duke of Brittany

2.         FOULQUES d'Anjou ([970]-Metz 21 Jun 1040, bur Beaulieu-lez-Loche, Abbaye de Saint-Pierre).  The Historiæ Andegavensis, allegedly written by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d'Anjou, names "Goffridus Grisagonella pater avi mei Fulconis"[120].  He succeeded his father in 987 as FOULQUES III "Nerra/the Black" Comte d'Anjou

-        see below

3.         GEOFFROY (-after 6 Mar 974).  "Adela" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 6 Mar 974 which names "seniore meo Gauzfredo comite" and is subscribed by "Gauzfredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius, Gauzfredi filii eius"[121]

4.         GERBERGE d'Anjou (974 or before-after 1 Apr 1040).  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records the marriage of "comes…Engolismæ Willelmus" and "Girberga sorore comitis Fulconis"[122].  The Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis names "Giberta sorore comitis Guillermi Andegavensis" as wife of "Guillermus Comes Engolismensis"[123].  "Gaufredus et uxor mea Petronilla" donated property "ecclesiam Sancti Pauli…in Sanctonensi territorio subter castrum…Botavilla" to Sauvigny on the advice of "Vuillelmi comitis Engolismensis et uxoris eius dominæ Girbergiæ patris…mei et matris et domini Elduini fratris mei" by charter dated before 1028[124]m (before 1000) GUILLAUME IV Comte d'Angoulême, son of ARNAULD "Mancer" Comte d'Angoulême & his first wife Raingarde --- ([978]-murdered 6 Apr 1028, bur Angoulême Saint-Cybard).  He was poisoned by his daughter-in-law Alaisia.    

Comte Geoffroy I & his second wife had one child:

5.         MAURICE d'Anjou ([980]-1012, bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin).  The cartulary of Paray-le-Monial includes a charter (undated) of "filius eius Hugo" which is subscribed by "Hugonis comitis et episcopi, Adelaidis com, Mauricii…"[125].  "Hugo comes" donated property to Cluny "pro absolutione patris Lantberti" by charter dated to [988] which also names "mater mea Adelaydis et frater meus Mauricius"[126].  "Cabilonensium comes domnus Hugo et mater eius Adeleidis et domnus Mauricius frater eius" donated property "in villa Paion" to Paray-le-Monial by undated charter[127].  The fact that he was his mother's son by her second marriage is confirmed by "Fulco comes Mauriciusque frater eius" accusing "Rainaldus Andecavorum episcopus" of corruption, recorded in a charter dated [24 Oct 996/12 Jun 1005] which names "patri eorum Goffrido"[128].  "Domnus Hugo comes atque mater sua Adeleidis" donated property "in pago Cabilonensi" to the abbey of Paray-le-Moniale by an undated charter signed by "Hugo comes, Adeleidis matris suæ, Mauritii filii eius, Enrici ducis, Garlindis uxoris eius"[129].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Mauricius Gosfridi Grisæ Tunicæ filius" succeeded his father as Comte d'Anjou, and that Foulques "Nerra" was the son of Maurice and succeeded his father[130].  The Historia Comitum Andegavorum repeats these statements, which are chronologically impossible, concerning the alleged succession of Maurice to the county of Anjou and his succession by his supposed son Foulques "Nerra"[131].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of "Mauriciusin ecclesia Beati Martini Castri Novi iuxta patrem suum"[132]m --- de Saintes, daughter of AIMERY Comte de Saintes & his wife ---.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "de Alverniensi pago filiam Hamerici consulis Santonici, neptem Raimundi Pictavensis comitis" as wife of "Mauricius Gofridi Grisæ Tunicæ filius", stating (incorrectly) that "Fulconem Neram" was their son[133].  "Raimundis Pictavensis comitis" may refer to Raymond-Pons Comte de Toulouse, who was also for a time duke of Aquitaine, the Aquitainian title being closely associated with the county of Poitou.  This would also be chronologically acceptable, assuming that "neptem" in the Gesta can be translated as granddaughter.  Maurice & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         GEOFFROY (-killed Château de Langeais 1039).  A charter dated 1039 records that "miles…Walterius…filius Hamelini de Lingaiis" was sentenced to relinquish property held from Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou for having killed "cognatum predicti comitis…Mauricium", Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme, witnessed by "Radulfo vicecomite, Guillelmo vicecomite, Erfredo vicecomite, Herveo vicecomite de Bleso, Haimerico de Rancono, Goffrido de Prulliaco, Roberto Burgundione, Adelardo de Castro-Gunterii…"[134].  "Gauterius quidam miles, filius Hamelini Lingiacum" granted two mills to Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou after killing "cognatum comitis Gosfridi…Guasfridum filium Moricii comitis" by charter dated 1039, Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme[135]

b)         [OTGER (-after 1055).  "…Otgerii filii Mauricii Comitis…" witnessed the charter dated 1055 under which Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou donated land in the forest of Gastine to Marmoutier[136].  It is not certain that Otger was the son of Maurice d´Anjou.  However, no other Comte Maurice has been identified who lived during the right time period.] 

 

 

FOULQUES III 987-1040, GEOFFROY II 1040-1060

 

FOULQUES d'Anjou, son of GEOFFROY I "Grisegonelle" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Adela de Meaux [Vermandois-Carolingian] ([970]-Metz 21 Jun 1040, bur Beaulieu-lez-Loche, Abbaye de Saint-Pierre).  The Historiæ Andegavensis, allegedly written by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d'Anjou, names "Goffridus Grisagonella pater avi mei Fulconis"[137].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridi Grisagonelli" as father of "Fulconis Andegavensum comitis"[138].  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1037 which announces the birth in 1007 of "Gaufridus Martellus…pater eius Fulcho…comes Andecavorum filius Gaufridi Fortissimi comitis qui cognominatus est Grisia Gonella" and records donations to Saint-Aubin d'Angers[139].  These sources make it even more puzzling why both the Gesta Consulum Andegavorum and the Historia Comitum Andegavorum, as mentioned in the Introduction, record that Count Foulques III "Nerra" was the son of Maurice, youngest son of Count Geoffroy I "Grisegonelle"[140], which is chronologically impossible.  "Adela" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 6 Mar 974 which names "seniore meo Gauzfredo comite" and is subscribed by "Gauzfredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius, Gauzfredi filii eius"[141].  He succeeded his father in 987 as FOULQUES III "Nerra/the Black" Comte d'Anjou.  He went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1002[142].  "Fulcho Andegavorum comes" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers for the souls of "patris mei Goffredi atque matris mei Adele…" by charter dated to [1007/26][143].  "Fulco Andegavorum comes atque Hildegardis conjunx mea" founded the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter signed by "…Goffridi Fulconis filii…"[144].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes et uxor mea Hildegardis filius quoque noster Goffridus" donated the bridge of Mayenne to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter[145].  He allied himself with Frederic II Duke of Upper Lotharingia against Eudes II Comte de Blois, fighting the latter at Pontlevoy and in Champagne[146].  Rodulfus Glaber refers to the "perpetual quarrels and frequent wars" between "secundus Odo filius…prioris Odonis" and Foulques III Comte d'Anjou[147].  “Fulco comes Andegavensis, Iherosolimitanum iter aggrediens cum Audeardi comitissa et filii suo Goffredo Martello” donated property “in Genio...molendinum atque furnum” by undated charter[148].  Rodolfus Glaber records his death at Metz and his burial place[149].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the death "1040 XI Kal Jul" of "Fulco comes Andecavorum, pater Gaufridi"[150].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the death "XI Kal Jul" in 1040 of "Fulco comes"[151].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "XI Kal Jul" of "Fulco comes Andegavorum pater fundator nostri"[152].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of Comte Foulques at "Lucanse castrum"[153]

m firstly (before 989) ELISABETH de Vendôme, daughter of BOUCHARD [I] "le Vénérable" Comte de Vendôme & his wife Elisabeth [de Corbeil] (after 958-Angers Dec 999).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated to [1032] which records that Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou transmitted "honor Vindocinensis" to his only daughter by "sororem defuncti pontificis", who had four sons of whom "primogenitum…Burchardum"[154].  The Chronico Monasterii Sancti Albini Andegavensis records a fire in "urbis Andegavæ" a few days after the burning of "comitissæ Helisabeth"[155]

m secondly (after 1000) HILDEGARD, daughter of --- (-Jerusalem 1 Apr 1046, bur Jerusalem, Church of the Holy Sepulchre).  "Fulco Andegavorum comes atque Hildegardis conjunx mea" founded the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter signed by "…Goffridi Fulconis filii…"[156].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes et uxor mea Hildegardis filius quoque noster Goffridus" donated the bridge of Mayenne to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter[157].  She became a nun at the Abbey of Sainte-Marie de Ronceray which she had founded in 1028.  “Fulco comes Andegavensis, Iherosolimitanum iter aggrediens cum Audeardi comitissa et filii suo Goffredo Martello” donated property “in Genio...molendinum atque furnum” by undated charter[158].  "Hildegardis comitissa" relinquished rights in favour of the oratory of Toussaint by charter dated [21 Jun 1040/1 Apr 1046][159].  "Joffredus Andecavorum comes…michi matronis domna Hildgalde comitissa genitrice mea simulque conjuge mea Agnosze" donated "curte Petre" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by charter 1 Oct (no year)[160].  She died while on pilgrimage to Jerusalem[161].  An undated charter records the death of "comitissa Hildegardis quando viam Jerosolimitane peregrinationis" and her donation of serfs to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou[162].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "Kal Apr" of "Ildegardis nobilis comitissa"[163].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the death "1046 Kal Apr" of "Hildegardis comitissa"[164].  A charter dated to [1060/67] recites a prior donation to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by "Hildegardis comitissa", who retained a life interest in the property which, after the death of the donor, was sold in turn to "Agneti comitissa" (recording her divorce from "comitum Gaufridum"), "comitem Gaufridum…Gaufridi nepotem" and finally "fratre eius Fulconi" who restituted it to the abbey[165].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "Kal Apr" of "Hildegardis comitissa Andegavorum mater fundatoris nostri"[166].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the death "Kal Apr" in 1046 of "Hildegardis religiosa comitissa Andegavensis"[167]

Comte Foulques III & his first wife had one child:

1.         ADELA d'Anjou (-26 Feb [1033/35]).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Gosfridum Martellum et filiam Adelam" as the children of "Fulco Nerra"[168].  The primary source which confirms her marriage precisely has not so far been identified, although the Historia Nivernensium Comitum records that the wife of "Bodonem [filium Landrici]" was "stirpis Andegavorum"[169].  She succeeded her maternal uncle in [1016/20] as Ctss de ½ Vendôme.  A charter dated to [1032] records that Foulques "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou transmitted "honor Vindocinensis" to his only daughter by "sororem defuncti pontificis", who had four sons of whom "primogenitum…Burchardum"[170].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "IV Kal Mar" of "Addela comitissa"[171]m (before [1016/20]) BODON de Nevers, son of LANDRY de Monceau Comte de Nevers & his wife Mathilde de Mâcon [Bourgogne-Comté] (-[1023]).  He succeeded his wife's maternal uncle in [1016/20] as BODON Comte de Vendôme, by right of his wife. 

Comte Foulques III & his second wife had two children:

2.         GEOFFROY d'Anjou (14 Oct 1006-14 Nov 1060).  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the birth "II Id Oct" in 1006 of "Gosfridus comes"[172].  "Fulco Andegavorum comes atque Hildegardis conjunx mea" founded the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter signed by "…Goffridi Fulconis filii…"[173].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes et uxor mea Hildegardis filius quoque noster Goffridus" donated the bridge of Mayenne to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter[174].  A charter dated 1037 confirms the birth in 1007 of "Gaufridus Martellus…pater eius Fulcho…comes Andecavorum filius Gaufridi Fortissimi comitis qui cognominatus est Grisia Gonella" and records donations to Saint-Aubin d'Angers[175].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridum cognomento Martellam" as son of "Fulco comes Andegavonium Gaufridi Grisagonelli filius"[176].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Gosfridum Martellum et filiam Adelam" as the children of "Fulco Nerra"[177].  The Chronico Andegavensi records that "Gosfredus Martellus comes" was born "pridie Id Oct"[178].  “Fulco comes Andegavensis, Iherosolimitanum iter aggrediens cum Audeardi comitissa et filii suo Goffredo Martello” donated property “in Genio...molendinum atque furnum” by undated charter[179].  He succeeded his father in 1040 as GEOFFROY II "Martel" Comte d'Anjou.  Guillaume II Duke of Normandy helped Henri I King of France to defeat Comte Geoffroy II at Mouliherne in [1045/55][180].  "Joffredus Andecavorum comes…michi matronis domna Hildgalde comitissa genitrice mea simulque conjuge mea Agnosze" donated "curte Petre" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by charter 1 Oct (no year)[181].  "Gaufridi comitis Andegavensium…comitissæ Adelaidis Teutonicæ" subscribed the charter dated 1060 under which "Hugonis…et Arsendis uxoris suæ et filiorum suorum Hugonis…atque Teobaldi" founded the priory of Laudun, under the direction of Tournus abbey[182].  The Chronicon Turonensi records that "Gaufridus de Pruliaco" rebelled in Anjou in 1062 and was killed, commenting that he invented tournaments[183].  "Gaufridus comes filius Fulconis" died "XVIII Kal Dec"[184].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the death "XVIII Kal Dec" in 1060 of "Gaufredus comes, Fulconis filius" after having been invested as a monk by "domno Adraldo, abate S. Nicolai"[185].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the death "1061 XVIII Kal Dec" of "Gaufridus Martellus…ciu successit Fulgo…Rechin"[186].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "XVIII Kal Dec" of "Godefridus comes huius monasterii fundator"[187].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Gosfridus Martellus filius Fulconis", being childless, appointed "nepotibus suis Gosfrido Barbato et Fulconi Rechin" as his heirs[188]m firstly (1 Jan 1032, divorced [1049/52]) as her second husband, AGNES de Mâcon, widow of GUILLAUME III "le Grand" Comte de Poitou [GUILLAUME V Duke of Aquitaine], daughter of OTHON GUILLAUME Comte de Mâcon [Bourgogne-Comté] & his first wife Ermentrude de Roucy ([990/95]-10 Nov 1068).  Agnes is named as daughter of "Ermentrudis" in the Continuator of Flodoard, which specifies that she was mother of "Wido"[189].  Rodulfus Glaber states that "Willemus…Pictauensis" married one of the daughters of "Willemus, Henrici ducis priuignus, Adalberti Longobardorum ducis filius" & his wife[190].  "Agnes comitissa filia Ottonis cognomento Willelmi comitis Matiscensis, uxor…Wilelmi ducis Aquitanorum" donated property to Cluny by charter dated [1020][191].  The Chronico Sancti Michaelis records that "Gaufredus Martellus Andegavensis comes" married "Agnetem comitissam Pictavensem" incestuously in 1032[192].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the marriage "1032 Kal Jan" of "Gaufridus comes, Agnetem comitissam incesto", indirectly indicating her origin in a later passage which records the marriage "1043 XII Nov" of "Hainricus imperator [et] filiam Agnetis comitissæ"[193].  Her origin is clarified by the Chronicæ Sancti Albini which records the marriage "1043 XII Kal Nov…apud Vesbrianim" of "Henricus imperator…filiam Willelmi comitis Pictavorum et Agnetis"[194].  Geoffroy Comte d'Anjou & his wife founded the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 31 May 1040, signed by "Goffridi comitis Andegavorum, Agnetis conjugis suæ…"[195].  A powerful personality, she succeeded in defeating her stepson Duke Eudes and installing her own son as Duke of Aquitaine, Comte de Poitou.  Regent of Aquitaine for her son 1039-1044.  "Joffredus Andecavorum comes…michi matronis domna Hildgalde comitissa genitrice mea simulque conjuge mea Agnosze" donated "curte Petre" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by charter 1 Oct (no year)[196].  She arranged her daughter's marriage to Emperor Heinrich III in 1043 and lived at the imperial court after that time.  "Goffredus…comes atque Agnes…uxor" donated property to the monks of La Trinité, Vendôme by charter dated 6 Jan 1049 subscribed by "Willelmi ducis Aquitanorum, Goffredi pueri fratris illius"[197].  "Gaufredus Andegavorum comes…uxor mea Agnes" made a donation to the priory of Saint-Nicholas de Poitiers by undated charter which also names "eius [Agnetis] filii comites…Pictavenses"[198].  A charter dated to [1060/67] recites a prior donation to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by "Hildegardis comitissa", who retained a life interest in the property which, after the death of the donor, was sold in turn to "Agneti comitissa" (recording her divorce from "comitum Gaufridum"), "comitem Gaufridum…Gaufridi nepotem" and finally "fratre eius Fulconi" who restored it to the abbey[199].  After her separation from her second husband, in 1047 she founded the abbey of Notre-Dame de Saintes, where she became a nun in 1068[200].  "Agnes" founded the abbey of Saint-Nicolas at Poitou with the consent of "ambobus filiis Guillelmi et Gauffrido" by charter dated [1050][201].  "Aquitanorum…dux Gaufridus" confirmed in his charter dated [1058/68] that "mea mater Agnes…frater meus Guillelmus" were both buried in the priory of Saint-Nicolas de Poitiers[202].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "IV Id Nov" of "Agnes comitissa"[203].  [m secondly] ADELA, daughter of Comte EUDES & his wife ---.  A charter of Ronceray records that Geoffroy "Martel" failed to restore to the abbey property donated by his mother, but instead gave it to "suis eas concubinis…quam uxoribus…Agneti primo, deinde Grecie, postea Adele comitis filie Odonis, item denuo Grecie, postremo Adelaidi Theutonice"[204].  No other reference has been found to Adela.  She may have been the mistress rather than wife of Comte Geoffroy.  The only "count Eudes" identified at this time is Eudes II Comte de Blois, but no other record has been identified of his having a daughter named Adela.  m [secondly/thirdly]  (before 15 Aug 1052, divorced) as her second husband, GRACE, widow of BERLAY Seigneur de Montreuil, daughter of --- (-25 Apr ----).  The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the death of "Bellaius dominus Mosterolii castri", his burial in the abbey, and the donation by "huius coniux…Griscia postea Andegavensis comitissa" with the consent of "filiis suis Giraldo, Andegavis in Can Domini…interfecto, et Rainaldo multo post Remensium archiepiscopo"[205].  Although undated, this follows a passage recording an event in 1051.  A charter of Ronceray records that Geoffroy "Martel" failed to restore to the abbey property donated by his mother, but rather gave it to "suis eas concubinis…quam uxoribus…Agneti primo, deinde Grecie, postea Adele comitis filie Odonis, item denuo Grecie, postremo Adelaidi Theutonice"[206], which implies that Grace may have been the mistress of Geoffroy during the lifetime of her first husband.  "Geoffroy Comte d'Anjou [et] Grecie sa femme" were among those present at the freeing of a serf under charter dated 1052[207].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "VII Kal Mai" of "Grecia primus comitissa uxor Gauffridi Martelli postea sanctimonialis"[208]m [thirdly/fourthly] (before 22 May 1060) ADELHEID "La Teutonne", daughter of --- (-after 1062).  A charter of Ronceray records that Geoffroy "Martel" failed to restore to the abbey property donated by his mother, but rather gave it to "suis eas concubinis…quam uxoribus…Agneti primo, deinde Grecie, postea Adele comitis filie Odonis, item denuo Grecie, postremo Adelaidi Theutonice" (presumably indicating a Germanic origin)[209].  "Gaufridi comitis Andegavensium…comitissæ Adelaidis Teutonicæ" subscribed the charter dated 1060 under which "Hugonis…et Arsendis uxoris suæ et filiorum suorum Hugonis…atque Teobaldi" founded the priory of Laudun, under the direction of Tournus abbey[210].  "Goffridus comes" restored property donated by "avia mea bone memorie Hildegardis comitissa…filie sue matri mee…Ermengardi…Adelait Teotisca que fuerat postrema avunculi mei uxor…avunculi mei Goffredi comitis" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter[211]

3.         ERMENGARDE [Blanche] d'Anjou ([1018]-murdered church of Fleury-sur-Ouche, Côte d’Or 18 Mar 1076, bur Abbaye de Saint-Seine, Côte d'Or).  The Historiæ Andegavensis names "Goffridi de Castro Landono et Ermengardis filia Fulconis Comitis Andegavensis" as parents of "Fulco comes Andegavensis"[212].  Her second marriage is deduced from a genealogy of the Comtes d'Anjou which names "Fulco (pater) Gosfridus et Ermengardis (mater) Gosfridus (et) Fulco (et) Hildegardis, de altero patre, filia Roberti ducis fratris Henrici regis"[213].  The necrology of Molesme records the death "XV Kal Apr" of "Robertus dux Burgundie et Ermengardis uxor eius"[214].  She was murdered with her husband.  m firstly ([1035]) GEOFFROY II "Ferréol" Seigneur de Château-Landon, Comte de Gâtinais, son of HUGUES du Perche Comte de Gâtinais & his wife Beatrix de Mâcon (-30 Apr 1043).  m secondly (1049) as his second wife, ROBERT I "le Vieux" Duke of Burgundy, son of ROBERT II "le Pieux" King of France & his third wife Constance d'Arles ([1007]-church of Fleury-sur-Ouche, Côte d’Or 18 Mar 1076, bur Abbaye de Saint-Seine, Côte d’Or). 

children of first marriage:

-        see below, Part C.  COMTES d'ANJOU (COMTES de GATINAIS)

 

 

 

C.      COMTES d'ANJOU 1060-1189 (COMTES de GATINAIS)

 

 

GEOFFROY III 1060-1068, FOULQUES IV 1068-1109, GEOFFROY IV -1106

 

GEOFFROY [II] de Gâtinais, son of HUGUES du Perche Comte de Gâtinais & his wife Beatrix de Mâcon (-30 Apr [1043/45]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 26 May 1028 under which Francon Bishop of Paris agreed with "Albericum illius supradicti Gosfredi filium et heredum", concerning a prior grant by the bishop's predecessor to "Gosfrido comiti Landonensi castri", with the approval of "fratribus ipsius Alberici, filiis Hugonis Pertice…Gosfredo et Letoldo"[215].  A genealogy presented by Foulques IV "le Réchin" Comte d'Anjou to the bishop of Angers in [1085], justifying the annulment of his fourth marriage with the daughter of Gauthier Comte de Brienne, lists "ex Letaldo, Albericus natus est, ex Alberico, Beatrix, ex Beatrice, Gosfredus de Castello Landonensi, ex Gaufrido, Gaufridus et Fulco presens"[216].  He succeeded his half-brother as Comte de Gâtinais, Seigneur de Château-Landon.  The fact that Aubry Comte de Gâtinais and Geoffroy [II] Comte de Gâtinais were two different individuals, the inevitable conclusion from the two sources cited, is somewhat clouded by the Historia Comitum Andegavorum which records that "Gaufridus Martellus…nepotibus suis" were "filiis Adhelæ sororis suæ et Alberici comitis de Gastinais"[217], and by the Chronicle of Saint-Maxence which names "Alberici Contracti comitis de Gastina" as father of "Goffredus et Fulco Rechin"[218]

m ([1035]) as her first husband, ERMENGARDE d'Anjou, daughter of FOULQUES III "Nerra" Comte d'Anjou & his second wife Hildegard [de Metz] ([1018]-murdered church of Fleury-sur-Ouche, Côte d’Or 18 Mar 1076, bur Abbaye de Saint-Seine, Côte d'Or).  The Historiæ Andegavensis names "Goffridi de Castro Landono et Ermengardis filia Fulconis Comitis Andegavensis" as parents of "Fulco comes Andegavensis"[219].  She married secondly ([1048]) Robert I "le Vieux" Duke of Burgundy.  Her second marriage is deduced from a genealogy of the Comtes d'Anjou which names "Fulco (pater) Gosfridus et Ermengardis (mater) Gosfridus (et) Fulco (et) Hildegardis, de altero patre, filia Roberti ducis fratris Henrici regis"[220].  The necrology of Molesme records the death "XV Kal Apr" of "Robertus dux Burgundie et Ermengardis uxor eius"[221].  She was murdered with her second husband. 

Comte Geoffroy & his wife had three children:

1.         [HILDEGARDE] de Château-Landon (-after 1060).  The Historia of Monk Aimon records the marriage of "Joscelinum de Cortinaco" and "filiam comitis Gaufridi Foerole" by whom he had one daughter[222].  She is named in Burke´s Peerage but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified[223].   It may represent a misinterpretation of the the genealogy quoted above which refers to “Hildegardis, de altero patre...”.  m ([1060]) as his first wife, JOSCELIN [I] Seigneur de Courtenay, son of ATHON Châtelain de Châteaurenard & his wife --- ([1034]-after 1065). 

2.         GEOFFROY de Château-Landon ([1040]-[1096/97]).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Gosfridus Martellus filius Fulconis", being childless, appointed "nepotibus suis Gosfrido Barbato et Fulconi Rechin" as his heirs[224].  The Historia Comitum Andegavorum records that "Gaufridus Martellus…nepotibus suis" were "filiis Adhelæ sororis suæ et Alberici comitis de Gastinais"[225].  "Gaufredus comitatus Andecavensis naturalis heres" made donations to Marmoutier dated 1055 in which he names "nepotibus meis…Fulcone vincocinensium comite naturali, Gaufredo et altero Fulcone"[226].  He succeeded in 1060 as GEOFFROY III "le Barbu" Comte d'Anjou.  "Goffridi comitis et Agnetis comitissæ…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Feb 1062, recorded in the dating clause as "anno principatus Gaufredi comitis tertii IIo", which records an agreement of confraternity between Saint-Maurice d´Angers and La Trinité de Vendôme[227].  "Goffridus comes" restored property donated by "avia mea bone memorie Hildegardis comitissa…filie sue matri mee…Ermengardi…Adelait Teotisca que fuerat postrema avunculi mei uxor…avunculi mei Goffredi comitis" to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter[228].  The Chronicon Turonensi records that "Gaufridus Barbatus…Comes" destroyed "Turoniæ, Abbatiam Majoris-Monasterii", after which he was captured by his brother Foulques and held captive for thirty years "apud Chainonem"[229].  William of Malmesbury and Orderic Vitalis both record that he was deposed in 1068 and imprisoned by his brother at the castle of Chinon for more than thirty years[230].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records that "Fulconi fratri Gaufridi comitis Andegavorum" captured "Salmuri castri…Kal Mar" in 1067 and "II Kal Apr" captured and imprisoned "fratrem suum…comes Gaufredus junior…Barbatum" until his death, although another paragraph of the Chronicon dates the capture to 1068[231].  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Goffridus junior…Barbatum" was betrayed by "Fulconi fratri suo…Non Apr" in 1067 and captured in 1068[232]m (before 1060) JULIENNE de Langeais, daughter of HAMELIN [II] Seigneur de Langeais & [his wife Helvise de Mondoubleau] (-after 7 Aug 1067).  "Geoffroi le Barbu…[et] Julienne son épouse" confirmed the donation by "Bouchard le Breton" to Saint-Nicolas d´Angers, by charter dated to after 14 Nov 1060[233].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated to [1068/82] under which "Hugues de Langeais", with the consent of "ses frères Hamelin et Geoffroi le doyen…son suzerain Geoffroi de Mayenne", donated property to Bourgeuil, subscribed by "comtesse Hameline", as well as a line of commentary in the cartulary of Bourgeuil which states that the subscriber was "filia Hamelini de Langiaco, uxor Goffridi Barbati comitis Andegav"[234].  "Geoffroi le Barbu…Juliette femme de Geoffroi et Foulque frère de Geoffroi" subscribed the charter dated 7 Aug 1067 which records the donation by "Robert de Sablé et sa femme Avoie" to Marmoutier[235].  [m AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 26 Feb 1062).  "Goffridi comitis et Agnetis comitissæ…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Feb 1062, recorded in the dating clause as "anno principatus Gaufredi comitis tertii IIo", which records an agreement of confraternity between Saint-Maurice d´Angers and La Trinité de Vendôme[236].  The dating clause indicates that this document is correctly dated to 1062, and suggests that the witness was Geoffroy III Comte d´Anjou and therefore that "Agnetis comitissæ" was his wife.  This conclusion causes a considerable difficulty as Geoffroy´s wife Julienne is named in charters sated 1060 and 1067.  Another possibility is that "Agnetis comitissæ" was the first wife of Geoffroy´s predecessor, Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou, although if this is correct it is suprising that she signed in place of Geoffroy III´s wife.] 

3.         FOULQUES de Château-Landon (1043-14 Apr 1109, bur Anjou Sainte-Trinité).  The Historiæ Andegavensis names "Goffridi de Castro Landono et Ermengardis filia Fulconis Comitis Andegavensis" as parents of "Fulco comes Andegavensis"[237].  "Gaufredus comitatus Andecavensis naturalis heres" made donations to Marmoutier dated 1055 in which he names "nepotibus meis…Fulcone vincocinensium comite naturali, Gaufredo et altero Fulcone"[238].  He succeeded, after deposing his brother, as FOULQUES IV "le Rechin" Comte d'Anjou.  The Chronicon Vindocinense records that "Fulconi fratri Gaufridi comitis Andegavorum" captured "Salmuri castri…Kal Mar" in 1067 and "II Kal Apr" captured and imprisoned "fratrem suum…comes Gaufredus junior…Barbatum" until his death, although another paragraph of the Chronicon dates the capture to 1068[239].  He ceded Château-Landon and Gâtinais to Philippe I King of France in 1069 in return for the king's recognition of his accession as count[240].  He expelled the Normans from Maine but peace was imposed by William I King of England[241].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XVIII Kal Mai" of "Fulco…comes Andagavensis nepos Gaufridi prioris Martelli"[242].  The necrology of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "XVIII Kal Mai" of "Fulco comes Andegavorum"[243].  A list of anniversaries of Vendôme La Trinité records the death "XVIII Kal Mai" of "Fulconis comitis qui iacet in Aquaria"[244].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the death "XVIII Kal Mai" in 1109 of "Fulco comes Andegavorum…frater comitis Gosfridi…Barbatus" and his burial "in monasterio nostro Andegavense S. Trinitatis"[245]m firstly ([1068]) HILDEGARDE de Baugency, daughter of LANCELIN [II] de Baugency & his wife --- (-before 1070).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum refers to the first wife of "Fulco Rechin" as "filiam Lancelini de Baugenciaco"[246].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m secondly (1070, divorced) as her first husband, ERMENGARDE de Bourbon, daughter of ARCHAMBAUD [IV] "le Fort" Sire de Bourbon & his wife Béliarde ---.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ermengardim filiam Archenbaldi Fortis de Borbone" as second wife of "Fulco Rechin", recording that he divorced her[247].  She married secondly Guillaume Seigneur de Jaligny.  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names her second husband "Guillelmo Jalinniaci ortam" when recording the marriage of her daughter by this second marriage[248]m thirdly (21 Jan 1076, divorced 1080) ORENGARDE de Châtelaillon, daughter of ISEMBART Seigneur de Châtelaillon & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the dating clause of a charter dated 21 Jan "1070" (redated to 1076) which records this as the date of the marriage of "comes Fulco" and "Aurengarde, filia Isemberti de Castello Allione"[249].  Comte Foulque "Rechin" donated property to Saint-Nicolas d´Angers, for the salvation of "sa femme Orengarde", by charter dated 17 May 1076[250].  She became a nun after her divorce.  m fourthly (after 1080, divorced before 1089) --- de Brienne, daughter of GAUTHIER I Comte de Brienne & his wife Eustachie Ctss de Bar-sur-Saône .  A manuscript genealogy, dated to the early 12th century, records "Windesmode Ingelbertus et Witdo de Upione, ex Ingelberto Walterius comes de Brena, ex Walterio filia nata est ista quam Fulco comes noster uxorem duxerat"[251].  A genealogy presented by Foulques IV "le Réchin" Comte d'Anjou to the bishop of Angers in [1085], justifying the annulment of his fourth marriage with the daughter of Gauthier Comte de Brienne, lists "ex Letaldo, Albericus natus est, ex Alberico, Beatrix, ex Beatrice, Gosfredus de Castello Landonensi, ex Gaufrido, Gaufridus et Fulco presens"[252]m fifthly (1089, divorced [15 May 1092]) as her first husband, BERTRADE de Montfort, daughter of SIMON I Comte de Montfort-l'Amaury & his third wife Agnès d'Evreux (-Fontevrault end-1115/1116, bur church of the priory of Hautes-Bruyères, Saint-Remy-l’Honoré, Yvelines).  Her parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[253].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum refers to the "third wife" of "Fulco Rechin" as "sororem Amalrici de Monte Forti"[254].  She married secondly (15 May 1092, repudiated 1104) as his second wife, Philippe I King of France (-29 Aug 1108), who abducted Bertrade from her first husband and married her bigamously[255].  The De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses names "Fulconi Richin Andegavensi comiti uxorem suam nomine Bertradam" as second wife of King Philippe whom he abducted from her first husband after repudiating his first wife[256].  William of Tyre records this marriage[257].  Pope Urban II at the Council of Autun excommunicated the king 16 Oct 1094, confirmed at the Council of Clermont 18/28 Nov 1095[258].  The church finally admitted the validity of the marriage after the Council of Paris 2 Dec 1104[259].  Orderic Vitalis alleges that Bertrade tried to poison her stepson Louis so her own sons could succeed to the throne[260].  "Fulco iunior Andegavensium comes Fulconis comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Fontevraud with the consent of "Bertrade regina matre meo, Philipo fratre meo" by charter dated to [1109/1112/13][261].  Comte Foulques IV & his first wife had one child:

a)         ERMENGARDE d'Anjou ([1068]-Jerusalem 1 Jun 1146, bur Redon)The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the daughter of "Fulco" as "comitissam Redonensem" but does not name her[262].  "Fulco Andegavensis comes" donated property to Angers with the consent of "filiis meis Gaufrido et Fulconello et filia mea Ermengarde" by charter dated 23 Jun 1096[263].  William of Tyre names her "Hermingerda", gives her father's name implying that she was born from his fifth marriage, and names her first husband "Pictaviensium comitis Willelmi", records her divorce and names her second husband "comes Brittaniæ"[264].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "comitissa Brittaniæ" was the daughter of Foulques & his first wife "filiam Lancelini de Baugenciaco", adding that she became a nun at "Jerusalem in ecclesia Sanctæ Annæ" after her husband died[265].  The Chronicon Briocensi records the marriage of "Alanus filius primogenitus [Hoelli]" and "Ermengardem filiam Comitis Andegavensis"[266].  Her marriage with Duke Alain is referred to by Orderic Vitalis[267].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes nepos Goffridi Martelli…consulis" donated property to Angers with the consent of "Ermenjarde filia sua comitissa Brittaniæ" by charter dated 12 Apr 1109[268].  "Conanus…Britaniaæ dux cum sorore mea Hidevis et matre mea Ermeniart" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé by charter dated 1118, which names "pater meus Alanus et avus Hoel et attavus Alanus"[269].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "Kal Jun" of "Ermengardis comitissa Britanniæ mater Conan ducis et soror Fulconis regis Hierosolymitani"[270].  The Annals of St Salvator Redon record that "Ermengardeque Alani conjugem, vere piam ac religiosam" was buried at the abbey of Redon[271]m firstly (1089, divorced 1090) GUILLAUME IX Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME VII Comte de Poitou], son of GUILLAUME VIII Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME VI Comte de Poitou] & his third wife Audearde [Hildegarde] de Bourgogne [Capet] ([22 Oct 1071]-10 Feb 1127).  m secondly ([1093]) as his second wife, ALAIN IV "Fergant" Duke of Brittany, son of HOËL de Cornouaïlle & his wife Havise de Bretagne (-13 Oct 1119).

Comte Foulques IV & his second wife had one child:

b)         GEOFFROY d'Anjou ([1073]-killed in battle Candé 19 May 1106, bur Anjou Saint-Nicholas).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Gosfridum Martellum" was the son of "Fulco Rechin" & his second wife[272].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridum iuniorem Martellum et Fulconam" as the two sons of "Fulco"[273].  "Fulco Andegavensis comes" donated property to Angers with the consent of "filiis meis Gaufrido et Fulconello et filia mea Ermengarde" by charter dated 23 Jun 1096[274].  William of Tyre names him and his father, implying that he was born from his father's fifth marriage[275].  He was known as GEOFFROY IV "Martel" Comte d'Anjou, during the lifetime of his father but died before he could succeed in his own right.  "Goffridus…Andegavorum comes cognomine Martellus" issued a charter dated 1105 against "Mauricius dominus castelli…Credonium" concerning Saint-Clément, founded by "avunculo meo…comite Goffrido…patrem meum Fulconem"[276].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Gosfridum Martellum" was killed in 1106 at "Cande castro" and buried "in ecclesie Beati Nicholai Andegavis"[277].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XIII Kal Jun 1106" of "Gaufridus Martellus iunior filius Fulconis interemptus sagitta in obsidione apud Candeium"[278]Betrothed to EREMBURGE du Maine, daughter and heiress of HELIE de la Flèche Comte du Maine & his first wife Mahaut de Château-du-Loir ([1096]-14 Jan 1126).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Gosfridum Martellum" was betrothed to "Helias comes unicam filiam", who later married his younger half-brother[279]

Comte Foulques IV & his fifth wife had one child:

c)         FOULQUES d'Anjou (1092-Acre 13 Nov 1144).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Fulco" was the son of "Fulco Rechin" and "sororem Amalrici de Monte Forti", referring to her as his third wife[280].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridum iuniorem Martellum et Fulconam" as the two sons of "Fulco"[281].  William of Tyre names him and states his parentage[282].  He succeeded his father in 1109 as FOULQUES V "le Jeune" Comte d'Anjou.   

-        see below

 

 

FOULQUES V 1109-1129

 

FOULQUES d'Anjou, son of FOULQUES IV "le Réchiin" Comte d'Anjou & his fifth wife Bertrade de Montfort (1092-Acre 10 or 13 Nov 1144).  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Fulco" was the son of "Fulco Rechin" and "sororem Amalrici de Monte Forti", referring to her as his third wife[283].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gaufridum iuniorem Martellum et Fulconam" as the two sons of "Fulco"[284].  William of Tyre names him and states his parentage[285].  His parentage is given by Orderic Vitalis[286].  "Fulco Andegavensis comes" donated property to Angers with the consent of "filiis meis Gaufrido et Fulconello et filia mea Ermengarde" by charter dated 23 Jun 1096[287].  William of Tyre records that Foulques was imprisoned by the Comte de Poitou but released after the intervention of his mother, who was by then queen of France[288].  He succeeded his father in 1109 as FOULQUES V "le Jeune" Comte d'Anjou.  "Fulco iunior Andegavensium comes Fulconis comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Fontevraud with the consent of "Bertrade regina matre meo, Philipo fratre meo" by charter dated to [1109/1112/13][289].  "Fulcho iunior comes Fulchonis comitis filius, frater Martelli Iunioris" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 4 Jan 1113[290].  Orderic Vitalis records that Foulques swore fealty to Henry I King of England, who invested him with the county of Maine, at "Petra Peculata" near Alençon in late Feb 1113, the alliance being confirmed by the betrothal of Henry's son to Foulques's daughter[291].  He later fought with Henry I King of England over the inheritance of his first wife.  William of Malmesbury also records his dispute with King Henry over the latter's retention of the dowry of Foulques´s daughter Alice after her husband's death in the Blanche Nef [White Ship][292].  The quarrel finally ended with his son's marriage to the king's daughter in 1128.  Orderic Vitalis records that he went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1120 and remained there "for some time attached to the Knights of the Temple"[293].  He left France in early 1129, resigning the county of Anjou to his older son by his first marriage, and landed at Acre in May 1129 before travelling to Jerusalem for his marriage[294].  He was crowned FOULQUES King of Jerusalem 14 Sep 1131, by right of his second wife.  He imposed himself as regent of Antioch after his sister-in-law Alix Ctss of Antioch attempted to reassert her right to the regency after the death of her father.  He rescued Pons Count of Tripoli from the castle of Montferrand in 1133, where he had fled after being ambushed by Turkomans in the Nosairi Mountains.  He also relieved Antioch which was being threatened by Sawar Governor of Aleppo[295].  Zengi marched on Homs and besieged the castle.  King Foulques attempted to relieve the siege, but his army was massacred, and he was obliged to seek refuge in the castle which he was eventually obliged to surrender as the price for his own release[296].  He agreed an alliance with Unur of Damascus in 1139 against Zengi atabeg of Aleppo, who was threatening Damascus, and forced the latter's retreat to Aleppo[297].  King Foulques died after being thrown from his horse during a hunting party[298].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "IV Id Nov" of "Fulco prius Andegavorum comes postea rex Hierusalem"[299]

m firstly (before 14 Apr 1109, 11 Jul 1110) EREMBURGE du Maine, daughter and heiress of HELIE de la Flèche Comte du Maine & his first wife Mathilde de Château-du-Loir ([1096]-14 Jan 1126).  Her parentage is stated by Orderic Vitalis, who also records her marriage and specifies that it was arranged by her father[300].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Fulcone Richin filius eius Fulco" was married to "Helia Cenomannensi comite, unicam filiam suam" who had been betrothed to "Martellus frater suus"[301].  A charter dated 25 Apr 1120 records that "comes Andergavensis Fulco Fulconis et comitissa uxor eius Aremburgis filia comitis Helie" were present at the consecration of the church of Le Mans[302].  She succeeded her father in 1110 as Ctss du Maine.  "Arenburgim Andegavensem comitissam…vir meus Fulco Andegavensium comes Fulconis comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Fontevraud by charter dated 18 Aug, dated to [1109/15][303].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XVIII Kal Feb" of "Haremburgis Andegavorum nobilis comitissa"[304].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the death in 1126 of "Arenburgis comitissa"[305].  The necrology of the Prieuré de Fontaines records the death "15 Jan" of "Aremburgis comitissa"[306]

m secondly (Jerusalem 2 Jun 1129) MELISENDE of Jerusalem, daughter of BAUDOUIN II King of Jerusalem & his wife Morphia of Melitene (-11 Sep 1161).  She is named by William of Tyre who also records her parentage[307].  In 1127, her father sent Guillaume de Bures and Guy Brisebarre to France to offer her hand in marriage to Foulques V Comte d'Anjou as part of his plan for her eventual succession to the throne of Jerusalem[308].  "Milisenda filia regis…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1128 under which "Balduinus…rex Iherusalem Latinorum secundus" granted privileges to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem[309].  She succeeded her father in 1131 as MELISENDE Queen of Jerusalem, crowned with her husband 14 Sep 1131.  She founded the convent of St Lazarus at Bethany in 1143, and installed her sister Yvette as abbess[310].  After her husband's death, she and her son Baudouin were crowned as king and queen together 25 Dec 1144, but Queen Melisende assumed the government of the kingdom herself.  She took as her adviser her first cousin Manassès de Hierges, Constable of Jerusalem[311].  She was in open breach with her son, after he was crowned again as an adult 2 Apr 1151 at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, without informing his mother.  A council agreed that he would rule in Galilee and the northern part of the kingdom, while Mélisende retained Jerusalem and Nablus.  King Baudouin demanded Jerusalem from her but she refused.  He captured Constable Manassès at his castle of Mirabel in 1152 and expelled him from Palestine, after which his mother was obliged to yield Jerusalem[312].  Queen Mélisende presided over a council of regency in 1157 while her son was absent from Jerusalem on campaign[313]

Comte Foulques V & his first wife had four children:

1.         ALICE [Isabelle] d'Anjou (Anjou [1110/11]-Fontevraud Abbey 1154, bur [Fontevraud Abbey]).  Her parentage is specified by Orderic Vitalis, who calls her "Matilda"[314].  William of Tyre also names her, specifying that she was her father's second daughter[315], although it is more probable that he would have betrothed his older daughter to the son of the king of England.  Her marriage was arranged, at "Petra Peculata" near Alençon in late Feb 1113, as part of the alliance between her father and her future father-in-law[316].  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records that Henry I King of England arranged the marriage of "filio suo Willelmo" and "comite Andegavensi…filia eius"[317].  She adopted the name MATILDA on her marriage.  Orderic Vitalis records that she became a nun at Fontevrault Abbey "ten years after her marriage"[318] and was elected abbess in 1150[319].  Her recent arrival as a nun at Fontevraud is confirmed by the charter dated 2 Feb 1129 under which "Conanus Britannie comes" donated property to the abbey of Fontevraud after finding that "meam cognatam Fulconis comitis Andegavensis filiam noviter ibi factam monacham"[320].  Abbess of Fontevraud.  Henry Duke of Normandy confirmed a donation to Fontevraud abbey by "Raginaldus de Santo Walerico…sive filius eius Bernardus", in the presence of "patris mei et mea fratrisque mei Willelmi" and with the consent of "Bernardus eius filius", by charter dated to [Sep 1151/Jan 1153] witnessed by "…Mathilde amita mea Fontis Ebraudi abbatissa"[321]m (Betrothed near Alençon late Feb 1113, Lisieux, Normandy Jun 1119) WILLIAM “Atheling” of England, son of HENRY I King of England & his first wife Matilda of Scotland (Winchester 5 Aug 1103-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120). 

2.         GEOFFROY d’Anjou (24 Aug 1113-Château du Loire 7 Sep 1151, bur Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou).  His parentage is specified by Orderic Vitalis[322].  He succeeded his father in 1129 as GEOFFROY V “Plantagenet” Comte d’Anjou

-        see below

3.         SIBYLLE d’Anjou ([1112/16]-Bethany 1165, bur Bethany, Abbey of St Lazarus).  She is named by Orderic Vitalis, who also names her father and specifies that he arranged her (first) marriage as part of the support he gave to Guillaume de Normandie, on the suggestion of Amaury de Montfort, and that her dowry was the county of Maine[323].  According to Orderic Vitalis, King Henry broke off the marriage "making use of threats and pleas and an enormous quantity of gold and silver"[324].  Both passages in Orderic Vitalis refer only to a betrothal, but a marriage must have taken place otherwise a papal annulment would have been unnecessary.  Her father supported her husband against his uncle Henry I King of England, indignant that the latter retained the dowry of his other daughter Alice, married to King Henry's son who had been drowned in the Blanche Nef [White Ship] in 1120[325].  Orderic Vitalis records Sibylle's second marriage[326], as does William of Tyre (who says she was her father's older daughter)[327].  The Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin records the marriage of "Sibillam comitis Andegavensis filiam" with Thierry after the death of his first wife[328].  She left France with her second husband in Jun 1147 on the Second Crusade[329].  She accompanied her husband to Palestine in 1157 but refused to return with him to Europe in 1158.  She became a nun at the convent of St Lazarus at Bethany.  After the death of her stepmother Mélisende Queen of Jerusalem in 1161, Ctss Sibylle assumed a position of influence among the royal family of Jerusalem[330].  The Annales Aquicinctini record the death in 1165 of "Sibbilla comitissa Flandrie apud Sanctum Lazarum"[331]m firstly (1123, annulled by papal bull 26 Aug 1124[332]) as his first wife, GUILLAUME de Normandie, son of ROBERT Duke of Normandy & his wife Sibylle de Conversano (Rouen 1101-St Omer, Abbey of St Bertin 27 Jul 1128, bur St Omer, Abbey of St Bertin).  He succeeded in 1127 as GUILLAUME I "Clito" Count of Flanders.  He died from wounds received at the battle of Aalst.  m secondly (1134) THIERRY I Count of Flanders, son of THIERRY II Duke of Lorraine & his second wife Gertrude de Flandre ([1099/1101]-17 Jan 1168).

4.         HELIAS d'Anjou (-15 Jan 1151).  His parentage is specified by Orderic Vitalis[333].  The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Gosfridum…alium filium Heliam" as the children of "Fulco" & his first wife[334]Comte du Maine.  The necrology of the Prieuré de Fontaines records the death "15 Jan" of "Elias miles, frater domini Mathildis abbatissæ"[335].  "…Helias frater ducis…" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] under which "H. dux Normannorum" granted privileges to the citizens of Rouen[336].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records the death in 1151 of "Helias frater…Gosfridi comitis"[337]m ([1120]) PHILIPPA du Perche, daughter of ROTROU [I] "le Grand" Comte du Perche & his wife Mathilde [illegitimate daughter of Henry I King of England].   William of Tyre names her and her father when he records her marriage[338].  "Perticensis comes Rotrocus" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité de Tiron with the consent of "genere mei Helie filiique mee Philippe" by charter dated [1120] witnessed by "Juliane soror mea"[339].  Helias & his wife had one child: 

a)         BEATRIX du Maine .  Robert of Torigny records the marriage of "Guillermus Talavercius comes Pontivi…Johannes comes filius eius" and "filiam comitis Heliæ fratris comitis Gaufridi Andegavorum et ducis Normannorum"[340].  "Johannes filius Willelmi comitis Pontivi et Beatricia uxor mea atque Johannes filius meus" donated property to Notre-Dame de la Trappe by charter dated [1158/71][341]m JEAN [I] Comte d'Alençon, son of GUILLAUME [I] "Talvas" Comte de Ponthieu & his wife Hélie de Bourgogne (-24 Feb 1191). 

Comte Foulques V & his second wife had two children:

5.         BAUDOUIN of Jerusalem (1131-Beirut 10 Feb 1162).  His parentage is specified by William of Tyre, who records him as the older son aged 13 when his father died[342].  He succeeded his father in 1144 as BAUDOUIN III King of Jerusalem, jointly with his mother.     

6.         AMAURY of Jerusalem (1136-11 Jul 1174).  His parentage is specified by William of Tyre[343].  He succeeded his brother in 1162 as AMAURY I King of Jerusalem

-        KINGS of JERUSALEM

 

 

The precise relationship between the following person and the family of the comtes d´Anjou has not been established: 

1.         HENRI (Argentan 22 Jul 1136-Rouen 30 Jan 1164, bur Rouen Cathedral).  Abbot of Fécamp.  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Fécamp to "Henrico abate Fiscan cognate meo" by three charters dated to [1155/58][344]

 

 

GEOFFROY V 1129-1151, HENRI I 1151-1189

 

GEOFFROY d’Anjou, son of FOULQUES V Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Eremburge Ctss du Maine (24 Aug 1113-Château du Loire 7 Sep 1151, bur Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou).  His parentage is specified by Orderic Vitalis[345].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the birth "1113 IX Kal Sep" of "Gaufridus comes"[346].  He succeeded in 1129, when his father abdicated and left for Jerusalem, as GEOFFROY V “le Bel/Plantagenet” Comte d’Anjou.  He invaded Normandy in 1137 in support of his wife's claim to succeed her father[347].  He was proclaimed Duke of Normandy 19 Jan 1144[348], but resigned the dukedom to his eldest son in 1150.  Robert of Torigny records the death "1151 VII Id Sep" of "dux Henricus…pater eius" at "apud Castrum Ledi" and his burial in "civitatis Cinomannicæ…in ecclesia sancti Juliani"[349].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "VII Id Sep 1151" of "Andegavorum comes Gaufridus tertius Martellus gener Henrici…regis Anglorum"[350]

m (Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou 17 Jun 1128) as her second husband, MATILDA [Maud] of England, widow of Emperor HEINRICH V, daughter of HENRY I King of England & his wife Matilda of Scotland (Winchester or London Feb/Aug 1102-Abbaye de Notre-Dame des Près, near Rouen 10 Sep 1167, bur Abbaye de Bec, Normandy, later moved to Rouen Cathedral).  Her second marriage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[351].  The Chronicle of Gervase records the second marriage of "filiam suam…viduam" to "Gaufrido comiti Andegaviæ"[352].  "Goffridus comes filius Fulconis regis Jerusalem" renounced rights to Angers with the consent of "filiis meis Henrico et Goffrido" by charter dated [1136/1140] which also names "uxori meæ Mathildi"[353].  Robert of Torigny records the death "1167…IV Id Sep Rothomagi" of "matris suæ [Henrici regis] Mathildis imperatricis" and her burial "Becci"[354].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "II Id Sep" of "Mathildis imperatrix filia Henrici regis uxor Goffredi comitis"[355]

Mistresses (1) to (3):  ---.  The names of the mistresses of Comte Geoffroy are not known. 

Comte Geoffroy & his wife had three children:

1.         HENRI d’Anjou (Le Mans, Anjou 5 Mar 1133-Château de Chinon 6 Jul 1189, bur Abbaye de Fontevrault).  William of Tyre names him and records his parentage[356].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the birth "1133 III Non Mar" of "Henricus"[357].  Comte de Touraine et du Maine 1151.  He succeeded his father in 1151 as HENRI Comte d’Anjou, Duke of Normandy.  He became Duke of Aquitaine by right of his wife 18 May 1152.  He succeeded King Stephen 19 Dec 1154 as HENRY II King of England, crowned in Westminster Abbey the same day.  m (Bordeaux Cathedral 18 May 1152) as her second husband, ELEONORE Dss of Aquitaine, divorced wife of LOUIS VII King of France, daughter of GUILLAUME X Duke of Aquitaine, GUILLAUME VIII Comte de Poitou & his first wife Eléonore de Châtellerault (Nieul-sur-Autize, Vendée or Château de Belin, Guyenne or Palais d’Ombrière, Bordeaux 1122-Abbaye de Fontevrault 1 Apr 1204, bur Abbaye de Fontevrault).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Alienor Guilielmi filia comits Pictavorum et Aquitanie ducis" as wife of "regi Francie Ludovico"[358].  She was crowned Queen Consort of England with her husband 19 Dec 1154 at Westminster Abbey.  She supported the revolt of her sons against their father in 1173, was captured and imprisoned in the château de Chinon, later at Salisbury until 1179.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the burial of "uxor [regis Henrici] regina Alienordis" in the same abbey as her husband[359]

-        KINGS of ENGLAND

2.         GEOFFROY d’Anjou (Rouen, Normandy 1 Jun 1134-Nantes 26 Jul 1158, bur Nantes).  Robert of Torigny records the birth "1134 mense Maio in Pentecoste Rothomagi" of "Gaufridus secundus filius Gaufridi comitis Andegavensis", specifying that his mother "Matildis imperatrix" was "infirmata…propter difficultatem partus usque ad desperationem"[360].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the birth "1134 Kal Jun" of "Gaufridus"[361].  William of Tyre names him as his parents' second son[362].  "Goffridus comes filius Fulconis regis Jerusalem" renounced rights to Angers with the consent of "filiis meis Henrico et Goffrido" by charter dated [1136/1140] which also names "uxori meæ Mathildi"[363].  His father intended him to succeed as Comte d'Anjou, but his brother Henri did not permit this.  Geoffroy revolted against his brother in 1152 and 1156, after which his castles of Chinon, Loudun and Mirebeau were confiscated.  He was appointed Comte de Nantes by his brother in 1157 after the expulsion of Comte Hoël[364].  Matthew of Paris specifies that Geoffroy was the brother of King Henry II when he records his death in 1158, after which Nantes was transferred to his brother[365].  Robert of Torigny records the death "1158 mense Julio" of "Gaufrido comite Nannetensi fratre Henrici regis Julio"[366]

3.         GUILLAUME d’Anjou (Argentan 22 Jul 1136-Rouen 30 Jan 1164, bur Rouen Cathedral).  Robert of Torigny records the birth "1136 mense Augusto apud Argentomagum" of "Guillermus tercius filius comitis Gaufridi"[367].  The Chronicæ Sancti Albini records the birth "1136 XI Kal Aug" of "Guillelmus"[368].  William of Tyre names him as his parents' third son "cognomento Longaspata"[369].  Comte de Poitou.  His brother granted him extensive lordships in fifteen English counties and the vicomté of Dieppe[370].  Robert of Torigny records the death "apud Rothomagum III Kal Feb…1164" of "Willermus frater Henrici regis" and his burial "in ecclesia Sanctæ Mariæ"[371]

Comte Geoffroy had three illegitimate children by Mistresses (1) to (3):

4.          HAMELIN d'Anjou (1130-7 May 1202, bur Chapter House, Lewes)Benedict of Peterborough names "Hamelinus frater regis Henrici comes Warennæ" among those present at the coronation of King Richard I in 1189[372].  Maybe Vicomte de Touraine.  Earl of Surrey in 1164 by right of his wife.   

-        EARLS of SURREY

5.          MARIE d'Anjou (-[1216]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Shaftesbury, Dorset. 

6.          EMMA d´Anjou .  A manuscript entitled "De Origine Comitum Andegavensium" records that "Gaufridus Plantagenet Comes Andegavensium" had an illegitimate daughter "Emmam quam David Norwallensium Princeps"[373]The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "king David married dame Emma the sister of the king of England" in 1175[374].  The 1173/74 Pipe Roll records "pannis et apparatu sororis reg q Dauid fil Oeni dux uxore" in London/Middlesex[375].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Emma quondam uxor David Regis Wallie" was granted "manerium de Hales" in Shropshire by King Henry II[376].  m ([1174]) DAFYDD I Prince of Gwynedd, son of OWAIN King of Gwynedd & his second wife Crisiant of Deheubarth (-1203). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    DUCS d'ANJOU (VALOIS)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise shown below. 

 

 

A.      DUCS d'ANJOU 1360-1474 (VALOIS)

 

 

LOUIS I 1360-1384

 

LOUIS de France, son of JEAN II "le Bon" King of France & his first wife Bonne de Luxembourg (Château du Bois de Vincennes 23 Jul 1339-Biseglia Castle near Bari 20 Sep 1384, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  Comte de Poitiers.  Comte d'Anjou et du Maine 1351.  Duc d'Anjou at Calais Oct 1360.  He was imprisoned in England but escaped in Oct 1363.  He was heir to the throne from the accession of his older brother King Charles V in 1364 until the birth in 1368 of the future King Charles VI.  Appointed Lieutenant of the King in Languedoc in Jun 1364, he supervised the reconquest from England of most of south-west France.  In 1367, he seized the county of Provence from the family of Anjou-Sicily.  Duc de Touraine at Vincennes 16 May 1370, in exchange for the county of Maine.  With his three brothers, he was regent during the minority of his nephew King Charles V, becoming president of the council of regency 30 Nov 1380.  Jeanne I Queen of Sicily adopted him and declared him as her heir at the Château de l'Œuf, Naples 29 Jun 1380, conferring on him the title Duca di Calabria, ratified by Pope Clement VII at Avignon 21/22 Jul 1380, confirmed 1 Mar 1382.  He left for Italy in 1382, using the title LOUIS I King of Sicily from 30 Aug 1383, but died before his plans could be fully implemented.  Jacques des Baux, Principe di Tarento, titular Prince of Achaia, Despot of Romania, Lord of Albania and Corfu, and titular Emperor of Constantinople named Duke Louis as his successor under his testament[377]

Betrothed (Perpignan 8 Feb 1351) to Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Aragón, daughter of don PEDRO IV "el Ceremonioso" King of Aragon & his first wife Infanta doña María de Navarra (Poblet 1340-Catania Jul 1363). 

m (9 Jul 1360, contract Château de Saumur Aug 1360) MARIE de Blois-Châtillon, daughter of CHARLES de Blois-Châtillon Duke of Brittany & his wife Jeanne de Penthièvre (1343-Angers 12 Nov 1404, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  Comte Louis married without the consent of his father, thereby effectively terminating his betrothal contract.  After the death of her husband, Marie continued the war in Naples.  Pss di Tarento, by cession of her brother-in-law Jean Duc de Berry at Cavaillon 11 Sep 1385, in exchange for the counties of Etampes and Gien.  She used the title Queen of Sicily. 

Duke Louis & his wife had three children:

1.         MARIE d'Anjou (Oct 1370-before 26 Sep 1383). 

2.         LOUIS d'Anjou (Château d'Angers 5 Oct 1377-Château d'Angers 29 Apr 1417, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  Duca di Calabria 1383, when his father assumed the title king of Sicily.  He succeeded his father in 1384 as Duc d'Anjou King of Sicily, under the Regency of his mother.    

-        see below

3.         CHARLES d'Anjou (1380-Angers 17 May 1404).  Principe di Tarento.  Duca di Calabria.  Comte de Roussillon, du Maine, d'Etampes et de Gien.  Adopted by Guillaume Roger Comte de Beaufort, who ceded his county to him.  Betrothed (13 Jun 1397) to --- di San Severino, daughter of TOMASO di San Severino Duca di Venosa & his wife ---. 

 

 

LOUIS II 1384-1417, LOUIS III 1417-1434

 

LOUIS d'Anjou, son of LOUIS I de France Duc d'Anjou, titular King of Sicily, & his wife Marie de Châtillon-Blois (Château d'Angers 5 Oct 1377-Château d'Angers 29 Apr 1417, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  Duca di Calabria 1383, when his father assumed the title king of Sicily.  He succeeded his father in 1384 as Duc d'Anjou titular King of Sicily, Duc de Provence under the regency of his mother.  He was crowned King of Sicily and Jerusalem at Avignon, Cathédrale de Notre-Dame by Pope Clement VII 1 Nov 1389.  Leaving for Italy, he besieged Naples in 1389, and took control in 1390.  He was expelled from Naples in 1399 by King Ladislas.  After several further attempts to recapture Naples, King Ladislas finally defeated him at Roccasecca 19 May 1411.  Louis returned to France, taking control of the Royal Council.  He fought Savoy for control of the counties of Ventimiglia and Nice. 

Betrothed (by proxy 20 Jul 1382, Milan 2 Aug 1384) to LUCIA Visconti, daughter of BERNABÒ Visconti Lord of Milan & his wife Beatrice [Regina] della Scala (1372-14 Apr 1424, bur Austin Friars, London).  A charter dated 20 Jul 1382 notifies the marriage by proxy between "dominum Ludovicum ducem Andegavie et Turonie et comitem Cenomanie…domino Ludovico eius primogenito" and "Luziam natam…Bernabos Vicecomes"[378]

m (Arles-en-Provence 2 Dec 1400) Infanta doña VIOLANTE de Aragón, daughter of don JUAN I "el Cazador" King of Aragon & his second wife Yolande de Bar (1384[379]-Château de Tucé, Saumur 14 Nov 1443, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  She claimed to succeed her father 1396 as queen of Aragon, supported by her mother, but the Cortes offered the crown to her uncle King Martin I.  Her marriage formed part of the arrangements to settle Aragon's dispute with the house of Anjou over Sicily.  Lieutenant General in Provence 1410 during her husband's absence in Italy, she suppressed a rebellion there.  She claimed the throne of Aragon again in 1410 on the death of her uncle, in the name of her son Louis d'Anjou "Monsieur de Guise" titular Duca di Calabria.  She bought the baronies of Lunel, Berre, Martigues and Istre from Louis de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois at Avignon 19 Sep 1419.  At the French court 1424-1427/28, she actively supported the Dauphin, rallying support from the nobility. 

Duke Louis II & his wife had six children:

1.         LOUIS d'Anjou (Angers 25 Sep 1403-Cosenza, Calabria 12 Nov 1434, bur Cosenza).  Called "Monsieur de Guise".  He succeeded his father in 1417 as Duc d'Anjou, titular King of Sicily and Jerusalem.  He was one of the five candidates for the throne of Aragon in 1410 on the death of King Martín I "el Humano".  His candidature was supported by Garcí Fernández de Heredia Archbishop of Zaragoza.  He left for Italy 24 Jul 1419 aiming to dispossess Jeanne II Queen of Sicily, encouraged by Pope Martin V.  He was invested as king of Sicily 4 Dec 1419 by the Pope.  After first adopting Alfonso V King of Aragon, Queen Jeanne annulled this adoption, and adopted Louis in his place 1423, appointing him Duca di Calabria.  Duc de Touraine 21 Oct 1424.  The mid-16th century Chronicle of Gaspare Fuscolillo records the death 14 Nov 1434 of "il Re Lodovicho in Cosenza"[380].  He died of malaria.  Betrothed (contract 22 Oct 1407, contract repudiated Nov 1413) to CATHERINE de Bourgogne, demoiselle de Guise, daughter of JEAN "Sans Peur" Duke of Burgundy & his wife Marguerite de Hainaut (1391-Ghent 1414).  m (contract 31 Mar 1431, contract Thonon-les-Bains, Savoie 22 Jul 1431, contract 31 Aug 1431) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Savoie, daughter of AMEDEE VIII Duke of Savoy & his wife Marie de Bourgogne [Valois-Capet] (Morges 7 Aug 1420-Stuttgart 30 Sep 1479, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche).  The marriage contract between "Ludovicum Tertium…Jerusalem et Sicilæ Regem…" and "Margaretam de Sabaudia filiam…Amedei Ducis Sabaudiæ…" is dated 31 Mar 1431[381].  She married secondly (contract 21 Oct 1444, Heidelberg, Heiliges Geist 18 Oct 1445) Ludwig IV "der Sanftmüthige" Elector Palatine Pfalzgraf von der Pfalz, and thirdly (Stuttgart 9 Jul 1453) as his third wife, Ulrich V "der Vielgeliebte" Graf von Württemberg-Stuttgart

2.         MARIE d'Anjou (Angers 14 Oct 1404-Abbaye de Chateliers-en-Poitou, near Saint-Maxent, Deux-Sèvres 29 Nov 1463, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  Her mother transferred her rights to the crown of Aragon to her at Saumur 16 Feb 1440.  She claimed her rights to Aragon in 1446.  m (contract Palais du Louvre 18 Dec 1413, Tours 2 Jun 1422) CHARLES de France Dauphin de Viennois, son of Charles VI King of France & Elisabeth [Isabelle] von Bayern-Ingolstadt (Hôtel Royal de Saint-Pol, Paris 22 Feb 1403-Château de Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Cher 22 Jul 1461, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  He succeeded his father in 1422 as CHARLES VII King of France

3.         daughter (1406-).  m ---, from Geneva. 

4.         RENE d'Anjou (Château d'Angers 19 Jan 1409-Aix-en-Provence 10 Aug 1480, bur Angers Cathedral).  Called "Monsieur René".  Comte de Guise 1417, in succession to his older brother on the death of his father.  Duc de Bar 3 Aug 1419, by cession of his great uncle Cardinal Louis Duc de Bar.  He succeeded his father-in-law in 1431 as RENE Duc de Lorraine, by right of his wife.  He succeeded his brother in 1434 as Duc d'Anjou

-        see below

5.         YOLANDE d'Anjou (Arles 13 Aug 1412-Manoir de Plaisance, near Vannes, Morbihan 17 Jul 1440, bur Vannes église des Cordeliers)m (contract Redon, Ille-et-Vilaine 14 Mar 1431, contract Fougères 21 Mar 1431, Amboise 20 Aug 1431) as his first wife, FRANÇOIS de Bretagne Comte de Montfort, son of JEAN VI Duke of Brittany & his wife Jeanne de France (Vannes 11 May 1414-Château de l'Hermine, Vannes 17 Jul 1450, bur Redon Abbaye de St Sauveur, Ille-et-Vilaine).  He succeeded his father in 1442 as FRANÇOIS I Duke of Brittany

6.         CHARLES d'Anjou (Château de Montils-lès-Tours, Indre-et-Loire 14 Oct 1414-Neufvy-le-Roi en Touraine, Indre-et-Loire 10 Apr 1473, bur Le Mans Cathédrale Saint-Julien).  He was named Lieutenant General, later Governor, of Provence by his eldest brother in 1417, on the latter's departure for Naples.  Comte de Mortain at Poitiers in Jul 1425.  Lieutenant General du Roi in Anjou and Maine in 1430, in Limousin 1435 and in Saintonge 1438.  Governor and Captain of Paris at Chinon 29 Jan 1435.  Lieutenant General and Governor of Languedoc 5 Jul 1440.  Comte de Gien Feb 1443.  Comte de Guise, in right of his wife, registered 4 Jul 1444.  He adopted the title Comte du Maine 7 Apr 1445, entering in possession in 1448 when his brother ceased to use the title and the English left the county.  [m firstly (1434) CAMBELLA Ruffo Dss di Sessa, daughter of ---.  According to Père Anselme, Charles d'Anjou married firstly Cambella Ruffo Dss di Sessa, who (he says) died soon afterwards, leaving a young son Jean-Louis-Marin.  This looks unlikely to be correct as during this period there were negotiations for Charles´s various proposed marriages: with a daughter of the Comte d'Armagnac (Dec 1436), with Catherine daughter of Ernst Duke of Bavaria (1436), and with Marie daughter of Arnulf Hertog van Geldern (Oct 1441).  The question is discussed by Kerrebrouck[382].]  m [secondly] (contract 9 Jan 1444, Angers May 1444) ISABELLE de Luxembourg, daughter of PIERRE I de Luxembourg Comte de Saint-Pol, de Brienne et de Conversano & his wife Margherita del Balzo (-1472[383] or after).  Mistress (1): ---.  Comte Charles & his [first] wife had one child:

a)         [JEAN-LOUIS-MARIN d'Anjou .  See above.] 

Comte Charles & his [second] wife had two children:

b)         CHARLES d'Anjou (-Marseille 11 Dec 1481, bur Aix-en-Provence église de Saint-Sauveur).  He succeeded his father in 1473 as Comte du Maine et de Guise.  Vicomte de Martigues 9 Oct 1473.  Duca di Calabria when his uncle René appointed him his heir 22 Jul 1474.  He succeeded his uncle in 1480 as titular King of Sicily, Jerusalem and Aragon, Comte de Provence et de Forcalquier.  m (contract Troyes, Aube 21 Jan 1474) JEANNE de Lorraine, daughter of FERRY de Lorraine Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Yolande d'Anjou (1458-Aix-en-Provence 25 Jan 1480, bur Aix-en-Provence, Saint-Jacques). 

c)         LOUISE d'Anjou (1445-Carlat, Cantal 1470)m (contract Poitiers 12 Jun 1462) JACQUES d'Armagnac Comte de Castres, son of BERNARD d'Armagnac Comte de Pardiac & his wife Eléonore de Bourbon (1437-beheaded Paris 4 Aug 1477, bur Paris église des Cordeliers).  Duc de Nemours.  He was found guilty of spying for England and condemned to death. 

Comte Charles had three illegitimate children by Mistress (1):  

d)         LOUIS d'Anjou (-[19 Mar/30 Apr] 1489).  Seigneur de Mézières by cession of his father at Poitiers 10 Mar 1465, ratified by his half-brother 10 Aug 1473.  Legitimated at Amboise May 1468. 

-           see below, Part B

e)         JEAN bâtard du Maine (-before 1498).  Seigneur de Charroux.  m (23 Apr 1493) as her first husband, FRANÇOISE de Blanchefort, daughter of JEAN de Blanchefort Seigneur de Saint-Clément [mayor of Bordeaux] & his wife Andrée de Noroy.  She married secondly(24 Sep 1498) Jacques Girard-Bazoges Seigneur de Pazy en Nivernais. 

f)          MARIE bâtarde du Maine Her brother Charles Comte du Maine awarded her a pension at Péronne 17 Feb 1470[384].  She may have been the "Countess of Devonshire" captured with Queen Margaret (who would have been her cousin) after the battle of Tewskesbury in 1471[385]1470.  [386]m firstly (after 9 Sep 1456) THOMAS de Courtenay, son of HUGH de Courtenay Earl of Devon & his wife Anne Talbot (1432-beheaded York 3 Apr 1461).  He succeeded his father in 1458 as Earl of Devon.  He was taken prisoner at the battle of Towton 29 Mar 1461 and beheaded, whereupon all his honours became forfeitedm secondly --- Seigneur d'Auricher[387]

 

 

RENE 1434-1480

 

RENE d'Anjou, son of LOUIS II Duc d'Anjou & his wife Infanta doña Violante de Aragón (Château d'Angers 19 Jan 1409-Aix-en-Provence 10 Aug 1480, bur Angers Cathedral).  Called "Monsieur René".  Comte de Guise in 1417, in succession to his older brother on the death of their father.  Duc de Bar 3 Aug 1419, by cession of his great uncle Cardinal Louis Duc de Bar.  He succeeded his father-in-law in 1431 as RENE Duke of Lorraine, by right of his wife.  Antoine de Vaudémont claimed Lorraine, declared war on René 14 Apr 1431 and, with support from Burgundy, defeated him at Bulgnéville 2 Jul 1431.  The Burgundians took René to Dijon as a prisoner, releasing him 30 May 1432 in return for his two sons as hostages.  René and Antoine agreed the marriage of their children at Brussels 13 Feb 1433 to end their dispute.  Emperor Sigismund confirmed René's rights by imperial judgment at Basel 24 Apr 1434.  He succeeded his brother in 1434 as Duc d'Anjou, as well as his brother's rights to inherit the kingdom of Sicily from Queen Jeanne II.  After a further period of imprisonment at Dijon in 1435/36, René agreed to pay a ransom to the Burgundians under the Treaty of Lille 28 Jan 1437, in return for their recognition of him as Duc de Lorraine et de Bar.  Queen Jeanne having died 2 Feb 1435, once René was released he immediately left for Italy to claim his rights.  He entered Naples 22 May 1438 as RENE King of Sicily and Jerusalem.  The mid-16th century Chronicle of Gaspare Fuscolillo records that "Re Ranieri…con lo figlio…don Ioan…Duca de Calabria" arrived in Naples 19 May 1438[388].  He was expelled by Alfonso V King of Aragon 2 Jun 1442.  Antoine de Vaudémont formally abandoned his claims to Lorraine at Reims 27 Mar 1441.  René appointed his son as Lieutenant General in Lorraine in 1445, and retired to Anjou.  Following the death of his first wife, he abdicated the duchy of Lorraine 26 Mar 1453 in favour of his son Jean.  After a further unsuccessful attempt to capture the kingdom of Sicily in 1453, he left Italy for the last time in early 1454.  During the civil war in Catalonia against Juan II King of Aragon, certain Catalan factions offered the Aragonese throne to René, as rightful heir through his mother, on 30 Jul 1466.  After initial successes, including the capture of Girona, René did not press his claim further.  Appointed Lieutenant General of Anjou, Maine and Brittany 9 Aug 1468 by his nephew Louis XI King of France, who, in return for his loyalty, also granted Duc René the right to use yellow wax on his seal, normally only the prerogative of the king of France.  He left Anjou in 1471 to live in Provence.  Following the death of his grandson Nicolas Duc de Lorraine, he appointed his nephew Charles d'Anjou Comte du Maine as his heir 22 Jul 1474. 

m firstly (contract Château de Foug, Meurthe-et-Moselle 20 Mar 1420, Nancy 24 Oct 1420) ISABELLE de Lorraine, daughter and heiress of CHARLES I Duke of Lorraine & his wife Margareta von Bayern ([1400]-Château d'Angers 28 Feb 1453, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  The mid-16th century Chronicle of Gaspare Fuscolillo records that "la regina Lisabetta mogliera de re Ranieri" arrived in Naples 15 Oct 1435[389].  

m secondly (Angers, Abbaye Saint-Nicolas 10 Sep 1454) JEANNE de Laval dite de Montfort, daughter of GUY XIV de Laval Comte de Laval & his wife Isabelle de Bretagne (10 Nov 1433-Château de Beaufort-en-Vallée, Maine-et-Loire 19 Dec 1498, bur Angers église des Cordeliers).  She was given Baux after her husband died, which she exchanged 18 Feb 1475 at Aix for Berre. 

Mistresses (1) - (3): ---. 

Duke René & his first wife had nine children:

1.         JEAN d'Anjou (Nancy 2 Aug 1424-Barcelona 16 Dec 1470, bur Barcelona Cathedral)Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson.  He was sent as a hostage to Dijon in 1432, together with his younger brother, in return for the release of their father.  Duca di Calabria 1437, as heir to the kingdom of Sicily.  The mid-16th century Chronicle of Gaspare Fuscolillo records that "Re Ranieri…con lo figlio…don Ioan…Duca de Calabria" arrived in Naples 19 May 1438[390].  He was appointed Lieutenant General of Lorraine and Bar by his father 1 Jul 1445.  Marquis de Pont[à-Mousson] at Angers Château 21 Nov 1445.  He succeeded on the abdication of his father in 1453 as JEAN II Duke of Lorraine.  Appointed Governor of Genoa at Aix-en-Provence 7 Feb 1458 by Charles VII King of France.  He tried to reconquer the kingdom of Sicily, defeating Ferrante I King of Sicily at Sarno 7 Jul 1460, but was defeated in turn at Apulia 18 Aug 1462.  His father created him Principe de Girona in 1467, when he led the army which unsuccessfully attempted to assert his father's rights as king of Aragon.  m (contracts Lille 3 Feb 1437 and Angers 2 Apr 1437, Châlons-sur-Marne 1444) MARIE de Bourbon, daughter of CHARLES I Duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne & his wife Agnès de Bourgogne [Valois] (1428-[Nancy] 7 Jul 1448, bur Nancy, église des Cordeliers).  She died in childbirth.  Mistresses (1) - (x): ---.  Duke Jean II & his wife had four children:

a)         ISABELLE d'Anjou (1445-young). 

b)         RENE d'Anjou (1446-young). 

c)         MARIE d'Anjou (1447-young). 

d)         NICOLAS d'Anjou (Nancy [1/7] Jul 1448-Nancy 27 Jul 1473, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).  Marquis de Pont[à-Mousson].  He took the titles Duca di Calabria, Principe de Girona in 1470 on the death of his father.  He succeeded his father in 1470 as NICOLAS Duke of Lorraine, making his official entry at Nancy 7 Aug 1471.  Illegitimate daughter by an unknown mistress: 

i)          MARGUERITE bâtarde de Calabrem as his first wife, JEAN IV de Chabannes Comte de Dammartin, son of ANTOINE de Chabannes Comte de Dammartin & his wife Marguerite de Nanteuil Ctss de Dammartin (1462-1503). 

Duke Jean II had four illegitimate children by Mistresses (1) - (x): 

e)         JEAN bâtard de Calabre (-Nancy 4 Mar 1505, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).  He was appointed Lieutenant General in Aragon on the death of his father.  Comte de Briey en Lorraine, by donation of his paternal grandfather at Tarascon 4 Sep 1478.  He was appointed Lieutenant General in the kingdom of Sicily by René II Duc de Lorraine 30 Oct 1486.  Jean had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

i)          FERRY bâtard de Calabre (-before 27 Apr 1561).  Legitimated 14 Oct 1521.  Ennobled in Lorraine at Nancy 1 Jan 1529.  m ISABELLION Clerc, daughter of ---.  Ferry & his wife had one child: 

(a)        JEAN de Calabre

f)          AUBERT bâtard de Calabre .  Seigneur d'Essey.  m ---.  The name of Aubert´s wife is not known.  Aubert & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARIE de Calabrem CLAUDE de Rivière (-26 Oct 1578).  Maître d'hôtel of Antoine Duke of Lorraine.  Bailli de Saint-Mihiel. 

g)         daughter .  m JEAN d'Ecosse.  

h)         JEANNE bâtarde de Calabre dit d'Abancourt.  m ACHILLE bâtard de Beauvau, illegitimate son of JEAN IV Seigneur de Beauvau & his wife Jeanne de Manonville.  Grand maître d'hôtel of René II Duc de Lorraine. 

2.         LOUIS d'Anjou (Nancy 16 Oct 1427-1444 after 22 May, bur Pont-à-Mousson, église des Antonistes).  He was sent as a hostage to Dijon in 1432, together with his older brother, in return for the release of their father.  Marquis de Pont[-à-Mousson] [1438].  Lieutenant General of the duchy of Lorraine 1439/41. 

3.         NICOLAS d'Anjou (Bar-le-Duc, Meuse 2 Nov 1428-young).  Twin with Yolande.  

4.         YOLANDE d'Anjou (Bar-le-Duc, Meuse 2 Nov 1428-Nancy 23 Feb 1484, bur Joinville Saint-Laurent).  Twin with Nicolas.  She took the title Duchess of Lorraine in 1473 on the death of her nephew, but abdicated at Vézelise 11 Aug 1473 in favour of her son René.  She called herself Queen of Jerusalem, Sicily and Aragon after the death of her father.  m (promise of marriage 13 Feb 1433, contract Bar-le-Duc 1 Jul 1433, Nancy 1445) FERRY Comte de Vaudémont, son of ANTOINE de Lorraine Comte de Vaudémont Seigneur de Joinville & his wife Marie d'Harcourt (1417-Joinville 31 Aug 1470, bur Joinville Saint-Laurent). 

5.         MARGUERITE d'Anjou (Pont-à-Mousson, Meurthe-et-Moselle 24 Mar 1430-Château de Dampierre-sur-Loire, Maine-et-Loire 25 Aug 1482, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  Crowned Queen of England 30 May 1445 at Westminster Abbey.  She returned to France definitively in Jan 1476.  A manuscript calendar records the death 3 Oct of “Margarete Regine[391]m (Nancy 23 Apr 1445) HENRY VI King of England, son of HENRY V King of England & his wife Catherine de France (Windsor Castle 6 Dec 1421-murdered Tower of London 27 May 1471, bur Chertsey Abbey, Surrey, transferred 1485 to St George’s Chapel, Windsor).  He was deposed as king of England 4 Mar 1461.  Restored to the throne 30 Oct 1470, he was deposed again 11 Apr 1471.

6.         CHARLES d'Anjou (1431-1432).  Comte de Guise. 

7.         ISABELLE d'Anjou (-young). 

8.         RENE d'Anjou (-young). 

9.         ANNE d'Anjou (1437-young, bur Gardanne, Bouches-du-Rhône). 

Duke René had three illegitimate children by Mistresses (1) - (3): 

10.       BLANCHE bâtarde d'Anjou ([1438]-Aix-en-Provence 17 Apr 1471, bur Aix-en-Provence, église des Carmes)Dame de Mirebeau, confirmed 1467.  m (contract 28 Nov 1467) as his fourth wife, BERTRAND de Beauvau Baron de Précigné, son of JEAN [III] de Beauvau Seigneur de Précigné & his wife Jeanne de Tigné ([1400]-Angers 30 Sep 1474, bur Angers église des Augustins).  Counsellor and Chamberlain of Charles VII and Louis XI Kings of France.  He retired to Anjou after being implicated in the trial of Jacques Cœur, presiding over the ducal council and becoming one of Duc René's closest advisers. 

11.       JEAN bâtard d'Anjou (-Nancy 25 May 1536, bur Nancy église des Cordeliers).  Legitimated 1474.  Marquis de Pont[-à-Mousson] 17 Oct 1473, which was effectively confiscated [1485] by René II Duc de Lorraine.  After asserting his claims, he renounced his rights in 1507.  m (contract 15 Oct 1500) MARGUERITE de Glandèves, daughter of RAYMOND de Glandèves Seigneur de Faucon [Grand Seneschal of Provence, Governor of Dauphiné, French ambassador to Spain] & Baptistine de Forbin.  Jean & his wife had three children:

a)         CATHERINE MARGUERITE d'Anjou (-9 Apr 1589).  Dame de Saint-Cannat et de Saint-Remy en Provence.  m (contract Marseille 7 Oct 1526) FRANÇOIS de Forbin Seigneur de Solliès, du Luc et de Peyruis, son of LOUIS de Forbin Seigneur de Solliès et du Luc & his wife Marguerite Grimaldi des Barons de Beuil (-1572 after 9 Aug). 

b)         FRANÇOISE d'Anjou .  Named in her father's will 1524. 

c)          BLANCHE d'Anjou .  Nun at Sainte-Claire, Pont-à-Mousson. 

12.       MADELEINE bâtarde d'Anjou (-after 1515).  Ctss de Montferrand.  m (contract Tours, Indre-et-Loire 11 Sep 1496) LOUIS JEAN Seigneur de Bellenaves en Bourbonnais.  Chamberlain of Charles VIII King of France. 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de MEZIERES, MARQUIS de MEZIERES 1567

 

 

LOUIS d'Anjou, illegitimate son of CHARLES d'Anjou Comte du Maine & his mistress --- (-[19 Mar/30 Apr] 1489).  Seigneur de Mézières by cession of his father at Poitiers 10 Mar 1465, ratified by his half-brother 10 Aug 1473.  Legitimated at Amboise May 1468.  Seneschal and Governor of Maine.  Counsellor and Chamberlain of Charles VIII King of France 1482. 

m (26 Nov 1474) as her first husband, ANNE de La Trémoïlle, daughter of LOUIS I Sire de La Trémoïlle Vicomte de Thouars Prince de Talmont & his wife Marguerite d'Amboise.  She married secondly as his second wife, Guillaume de Rochefort [Chancellor of France] (-12 Aug 1492), and thirdly (16 Jan 1494) as his second wife, Jacques de Rochechouart Seigneur de Charroux (-1501). 

Louis & his wife had four children: 

1.         ANNE d'Anjou (Mézières-en-Brenne, Indre 9 Mar 1478-young). 

2.         RENEE d'Anjou (Mézières-en-Brenne 16 Jun 1480-).  m (Chinon, Indre-et-Loire 25 Jan 1493) as his first wife, FRANÇOIS de Pontville Vicomte de Rochechouart et de Breuilhet, son of JEAN de Pontville Vicomte de Breuilhet & his wife Anne Vicomtesse de Rochechouart. 

3.         LOUIS d'Anjou (Mézières-en-Brenne 23 Oct 1482-young). 

4.         RENE d'Anjou (Mézières-en-Brenne 5 Oct 1483-Avignon 1521).  He succeeded his father in 1489 as Baron de Mézières.  Seneschal du Maine 3 Apr 1510.  m ANTOINETTE de Chabannes Dame de Saint-Fargeau, daughter of JEAN de Chabannes Comte de Dammartin & his second wife Suzanne de Bourbon (-30 Jun 1519).  Mistress (1): ---.  René & his wife had six children:

a)         LOUIS d'Anjou .  Abbé de Pontlevoy, Tours, resigned 1540.  Abbé de Nesle-la-Reposte, Marne. 

b)         NICOLAS d'Anjou (Château de Saint-Fargeau, Yonne 29 Sep 1518-after 18 Feb 1568).  Comte de Saint-Fargeau 1541.  Marquis de Mézières 1567.  m (contract 29 Sep 1541) GABRIELLE de Mareuil, daughter and heiress of GUY de Mareuil Seigneur de Mareuil et de Villebois en Angoûmois & his wife Catherine de Clermont (-1593).  Marquis Nicolas & his wife had five children:

i)          HENRIETTE d'Anjou (Château de Saint-Fargeau, Yonne 1543-young). 

ii)         ANTOINETTE d'Anjou (Mézières-en-Brenne, Indre 16 Aug 1544-young). 

iii)        NICOLAS d'Anjou (9 Feb 1545-before 1568). 

iv)       RENEE d'Anjou (Mézières-en-Brenne, Indre 21 Oct 1550-1597[392]).  She succeeded her father in 1568 as Marquise de Mézières, Ctss de Saint-Fargeau.  m (1566) FRANÇOIS de Bourbon "le prince-dauphin d'Auvergne", son of LOUIS II de Bourbon Duc de Montpensier & his first wife Jacqueline de Longwy Ctss de Bar-sur-Seine (1542-Lisieux, Calvados 4 Jun 1592, bur Champigny, Sainte-Chapelle).  Called "le prince-dauphin d'Auvergne" or "Monsieur le Prince-Dauphin".  Comte de Saint-Fargeau, by right of his wife.  Created Duc de Saint-Fargeau Apr 1575 (registered 28 Mar 1576).  He succeeded his father 1582 as Duc de Montpensier, souverain de Dombes.  Created Duc de Châtellerault 26 Nov 1583 (registered 13 Mar 1584). 

v)        JEANNE d'Anjou (Château de Pranzac, Charente 12 Dec 1553-young). 

c)         FRANÇOISE d'Anjou (-young). 

d)         FRANÇOISE d'Anjou .  Ctss de Dammartin, Dame de Courtenay.  m firstly (6 Oct 1516) PHILIPPE I de Boulainvilliers Seigneur de Boulainvilliers et de Verneuil, son of CHARLES de Boulainvilliers Seigneur de Boulainvilliers et de Verneuil & his wife Catherine Havart (-killed in battle siege of Péronne, Somme 1537).  Comte de Dammartin, in right of his wife.  m secondly (contract 9 Oct 1538) as his second wife, JEAN [III] de Rambures Sire de Rambures, son of ANDRE [III] de Rambures Sire de Rambures & his wife Jeanne d'Halluin.  Comte de Dammartin, in right of his wife. 

e)         RENEE d'Anjoum firstly HECTOR de Bourbon Vicomte de Lavedan, daughter of CHARLES bâtard de Bourbon Vicomte de Lavedan & his wife Louise du Lion (-killed in battle Pavia 24 Feb 1524).  m secondly GABRIEL OLIVIER Baraton Seigneur de la Roche et de Montgoger, son of FRANÇOIS Baraton Seigneur de la Brosse et de Montgoger & his wife Antoinette de Sainte-Maure. 

f)          ANTOINETTE d'Anjou (-before 1539)m (contract 1526 and 1529) as his first wife, JEAN de Bourbon Vicomte de Lavedan, son of CHARLES bâtard de Bourbon Vicomte de Lavedan & his wife Louise du Lion (-29 Mar 1549). 

René had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1): 

g)         MARTHE [Marie] de Mézières-Anjou .  m her nephew, PHILIPPE de Boulainvilliers Comte de Courtenay, son of PHILIPPE [I] de Boulainvilliers et de Verneuil & his wife Françoise d'Anjou Ctss de Dammartin Dame de Courtenay. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    VICOMTES d'ANJOU

 

 

 

1.         WARNEGAUD (-after 5 Jul 905).  "Fulconis Turononum et Andecavorum vicecomitis…Guernagaudi vicecomitis vel graphionis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jul 905 under which "Archambaldus et uxor mea Ingilrada" donated property "in pago Turonico in vicaria Evenense" to Saint-Martin de Tours[393]

 

2.         RENAUD (-after Jan 978).  "Griferius" leased property granted him by "domni Gosfridi comitis" by charter dated Apr 969, subscribed by "Rainaldi vicecomitis"[394].  "Adela" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 6 Mar 974 which names "seniore meo Gauzfredo comite" and is subscribed by "…Reynaldi episcopi Andegavensis, Raynaldi vicecomitis patris eius"[395].  "Rainaldi vicecomitis…" witnessed the charter dated Jan 978 under which Geoffroy "Grisegonelle" Comte d´Anjou donated property to Tours Saint-Julien[396]m RICHILDIS, daughter of ---.  "Rainaldus Andegavensis Episcopus" donated property to "Andegavensis S Sergii Abbatiæ" for the souls of "patris sui æquivoci et matris suæ Richildis et fratris sui Hugonis…" by charter dated to [1004][397].  Renaud & his wife had three children: 

a)         FOULQUES (-after 17 Jan 1020).  "Gaufridus atque Burchardus comites" confirmed the donation by "collibertam nostram Ermengardam" at the request of "fidelis nostri Fulchardi vicecomitis" by charter dated 19 Jul 985, subscribed by "Gaufredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius"[398].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes" granted immunity to cloisters dependant from Angers cathedral by charter dated Mar 993, subscribed by "Fulcoius vicecomes"[399].  "Fulcho Andegavorum comes" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers for the souls of "patris mei Goffredi atque matris mei Adele…" by charter dated to [1007/26] subscribed by "Fulchoii vicecomitis"[400].  "Fulco Andecavorum comes" relinquished rights to the bishop of Angers "pro anima patris mei Gauffredi et matris Adelæ" by charter dated 17 Jan 1020, subscribed by "Fulcoii vicecomitis"[401]

b)         RENAUD (-Embrun 11 Jun 1005, bur Embrun)Bishop of Angers .  "Adela" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated 6 Mar 974 which names "seniore meo Gauzfredo comite" and is subscribed by "…Reynaldi episcopi Andegavensis, Raynaldi vicecomitis patris eius"[402].  "Fulco comes Mauriciusque frater eius" accused "Rainaldus Andecavorum episcopus" of corruption, recorded in a charter dated [24 Oct 996/12 Jun 1005] which names "patrem meum [Rainaldi…episcopi] Rainaldum"[403].  "Rainaldus Andegavensis Episcopus" donated property to "Andegavensis S Sergii Abbatiæ" for the souls of "patris sui æquivoci et matris suæ Richildis et fratris sui Hugonis…" by charter dated to [1004][404].  A charter dated 13 Jun 1005 records the death "III Id Jun" of "Rainaldus secundus…Andecavensium episcopus", noting that he had started on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem with "Fulcoio vicecomite" but had died at Embrun where he was buried[405]

c)         HUGUES (-before [1004]).  "Rainaldus Andegavensis Episcopus" donated property to "Andegavensis S Sergii Abbatiæ" for the souls of "patris sui æquivoci et matris suæ Richildis et fratris sui Hugonis…" by charter dated to [1004][406]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-GONTHIER, SEIGNEURS de CHÂTEAU-RENARD

 

 

The origin of the name "Château-Gonthier" has not yet been traced.  It presumably derived from the name of the original constructor of the castle, in the same way that the castle of Laval is referred to as "Castro Guidonis" in the charter dated to [1050] under which the monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle" [Guy [I] Seigneur de Laval][407].  No trace has yet been found of this supposed Gonthier. 

 

 

1.         GUIDULF de Château-Gonthier (-after [1050]).  "Guidulfus de Castro Gunterii, Guido filius Lanucii, Gaufridus frater eius, Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Isembardus filius Hamonis" witnessed the charter dated to [1050] under which the monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", as witnesses for "…tres his…sorores…Agnetem…"[408].  "Guidulfus de Castello Gonterii…Guido filius Lonneii, Gaufridus frater Adelardi, Isembardus filius Hamelini" witnessed the charter dated to [1050] under which the monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", as witnesses for "filii eius…Agnes…"[409]

 

2.         RENAUD [I] (-after 1033).  Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  "Suhardus de Credonio, Raginaldus de Castro Gunterii cum Adelardo filio suo" witnessed the charter dated 1033 which records the foundation of the abbey of Saint-Nicholas [d´Angers?][410]m ---.  The name of Renaud´s wife is not known.  It is possible that she was Ermengarde, as an undated charter refers to an agreement between "domna abbatissa Theburgia et domna Ermengardis de Castro Gunterii" concerning the donation of "capellam quondam sancti Martini…Ingelbauderia"[411].  Renaud [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADELARD .  "Suhardus de Credonio, Raginaldus de Castro Gunterii cum Adelardo filio suo" witnessed the charter dated 1033 which records the foundation of the abbey of Saint-Nicholas [d´Angers?][412]

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ADELARD de Château-Gonthier (-after [1050]).  Seigneur de Preuilly.  "…Adelardo de Castro-Gunterii…" witnessed a charter dated 1039 which records that "miles…Walterius…filius Hamelini de Lingaiis" was sentenced to relinquish property held from Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou for having killed "cognatum predicti comitis…Mauricium", Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme[413].  "Guidulfus de Castro Gunterii, Guido filius Lanucii, Gaufridus frater eius, Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Isembardus filius Hamonis" witnessed the charter dated to [1050] under which the monks of Marmoutier record a donation by "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, in pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque possessor", as witnesses for "…tres his…sorores…Agnetem…"[414]

2.         GEOFFROY .  "Guidulfus de Castello Gonterii…Guido filius Lonneii, Gaufridus frater Adelardi, Isembardus filius Hamelini" witnessed the charter dated to [1050] under which the monks of Marmoutier record the division of Laval fair and market profits with "Guido de Valle", as witnesses for "filii eius…Agnes…"[415]

 

 

[Two] brothers, parents not yet identified. 

1.         RENAUD [II] (-murdered Angers 5 Apr 1067).  Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  The Chronicon Turonense Abbreviatum records that "Castrum Raginaldi" was built in 1044[416].  “Rainaldus castri Guntherii et castri Rainaldi, in pago Turonico dominus”, after being captured “in bello a Britannis” but later freed after giving as hostages “duobus filiis suis Rainaldo et Guicherio”, renounced claims over the forest of Blémars “cum uxore sua Lisabellis”, by charter dated 1063[417].  "Rainaldus de Castro Rainaldi uxorque mea Helisabeth" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Andreæ de Castro Rainaldi" to Tours, with the consent of "domini mei Gauffredi comitis", Saint-Julien by charter dated 1066, after 4 Aug[418].  The Chronica Rainaldi names "Gaufrido de Pruilliaco, Rainaldo de Castro Gunterii, Giraldo de Mosterolo" as the three main conspirators in the betrayal of "Goffridus junior…Barbatum" by "Fulconi fratri suo…Non Apr" in 1067, during which they were killed[419].  The Chronicon Vindocinense records that "Gaufredo…de Prulliaco, Rainaldo de Castro-Gunterii, Giraldo de Monasteriolo" were captured and killed in 1067 after Foulques IV "le Réchin" Comte d´Anjou captured and imprisoned "fratrem suum…comes Gaufredus junior…Barbatum"[420].  A charter dated to [1080] records a claim by "Rainaldum de Castro-Gunterii", who then held "in Turonia castrum Rainaldi", against Marmoutier which was decided by ordeal of fire and finally settled in the court of his grandson[421]m firstly AREMBURGIS, daughter of --- (-before 1066).  "Aremburgis uxor Rainaldi de Castello" donated property to Marmoutier by charter dated to [1060][422]m secondly ELISABETH, daughter of --- (-after [1080/96]).  “Rainaldus castri Guntherii et castri Rainaldi, in pago Turonico dominus”, after being captured “in bello a Britannis” but later freed after giving as hostages “duobus filiis suis Rainaldo et Guicherio”, renounced claims over the forest of Blémars “cum uxore sua Lisabellis”, by charter dated 1063[423].  "Rainaldus de Castro Rainaldi uxorque mea Helisabeth" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Andreæ de Castro Rainaldi" to Tours, with the consent of "domini mei Gauffredi comitis", Saint-Julien by charter dated 1066, after 4 Aug[424].  "Elisabeth mater domini Rainaldi de Castrogunterii" donated property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated [1080/96][425].  Renaud [II] & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

a)         GUICHER [I] (-after 1060).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1080], quoted below, which indicates that Renaud [II] Seigneur de Château-Gonthier was the grandfather of Guicher [II] Seigneur de Château-Rainard.  However, no indication has yet been found about the identity of his mother.  Seigneur de Château-Renard {canton Châteaurenault, Indre-et-Loire}.  "…Letbertus frater Guicherii,,," witnessed the charter dated 1060 under which "Ascelinum filium Otberti" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guicherius…et Beatrix uxor eius"[426].  m BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-after 1060).  "…Letbertus frater Guicherii,,," witnessed the charter dated 1060 under which "Ascelinum filium Otberti" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guicherius…et Beatrix uxor eius"[427].  Guicher [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUICHER [II] (-after 20 Mar 1093).  A charter dated to [1080] which records a claim against Marmoutier by "Rainaldum de Castro-Gunterii", who at that time held "in Turonia castrum Rainaldi", states that the claim was settled "apud Castrum-Rainaldi" at the court of "Guicherio filio Guicherii" and refers to "avi sui" (which appears to refer to Renaud), signed by "Guicherius de Castro Rainaldi, Letbertus bastardus patruus eius…"[428]Seigneur de Château-Renard.  “Wicherium filium Guicherii de castro Reginaldi”, after being expelled from his domaine after the wars between Thibaut III Comte de Blois and Geoffroy II Comte d´Anjou, and sought refuge at Blois, claimed rights in the forest of Blémars, naming “Letberto bastardo patruo eiusdem Wicherii”, by charter dated to [1061/65], subscribed by “...Letberti bastardi filii Reginaldi de Castro...[429].  A charter dated 1075 records that "Guicherius miles, quo tempore honorem de Castello-Rainaldi" had levied revenue unjustly from "in honorem Hugoni" but relinquished his claims after obtaining a subsidy from the monks of La Trinité de Vendôme for a journey to Rome[430].  "Guicherius de Castello…Rainaldi" exempted La Trinité de Vendôme from duties on transport vehicles by charter dated 9 Jun 1080[431].  "Harduinus de Malliaco, Gaufridus de Sancto Amando, Salomon de Lavariaco, Guicherius de Castro Rinaldi, Stephanus de Medona" signed a charter dated 1085 under which "Fulco Andegavensis et Turonensis comes" [Foulques IV "le Rechin" Comte d´Anjou] donated "sylvam Canevosam" to Marmoutier[432].  “Haymericus Pictavensis” donated “terram de septem puteis apud Rosdonium” to Marmoutier, with the consent of “domini sui Thomæ Castri Rainaldi domini” and confirmed by “Paganus filius prefati Thomæ”, by charter dated to [1084/1100], witnessed by “Guicherius et filius eius Rainaldus de Castello-Rainaldi (sed etiam alibi notati sunt sub hac apellatione, etsi ea cognomina a loco habitationis verear desumpta, potiusquam a sanguine dominorum castri de cuius forte prosapia non erant[433].  “...De castello Rainaldi...Guicherius” waived cartage duties for Marmoutier by charter dated 20 Mar 1093[434].  “Godefredus de Sachiniaco” donated his fief to Marmoutier, with the consent of “Guicherius de Castro Rainaldi, apud fontem Merlandi...apud castrum Rainaldi, Gaufredus et Odo filius Guicherii...Guicherius iuvenis apud castrum Rainaldi...coram patre suo Guicherio et fratre suo Gauffredo”, by charter dated to [1093/94][435]m ---.  The name of Guicher´s wife is not known.  Guicher [II] & his wife had four children: 

(a)       GEOFFROY (-after [1107]).  “Godefredus de Sachiniaco” donated his fief to Marmoutier, with the consent of “Guicherius de Castro Rainaldi, apud fontem Merlandi...apud castrum Rainaldi, Gaufredus et Odo filius Guicherii...Guicherius iuvenis apud castrum Rainaldi...coram patre suo Guicherio et fratre suo Gauffredo”, by charter dated to [1093/94][436].  A charter dated to [1104/24] records that "Guicherius Castri Rainaldi" deposited property at Marmoutier and that "Guicherii filius Gaufridus" requested return of the property, the dispute being litigated at the court of "dominæ suæ Adelæ Blesensis comitissæ" (which narrows the dating to before [1107] when her son Thibaut IV was invested as count), signed by "Radulfo de Bulgeniaco, Hugone de Ambasia, Rainaldo, Gaufridi fratre"[437]Seigneur de Château-Renard

(b)       RENAUD (-after [1107]).  “Haymericus Pictavensis” donated “terram de septem puteis apud Rosdonium” to Marmoutier, with the consent of “domini sui Thomæ Castri Rainaldi domini” and confirmed by “Paganus filius prefati Thomæ”, by charter dated to [1084/1100], witnessed by “Guicherius et filius eius Rainaldus de Castello-Rainaldi (sed etiam alibi notati sunt sub hac apellatione, etsi ea cognomina a loco habitationis verear desumpta, potiusquam a sanguine dominorum castri de cuius forte prosapia non erant[438].  "Radulfo de Bulgeniaco, Hugone de Ambasia, Rainaldo, Gaufridi fratre" signed the charter dated to [1104/24] which records that "Guicherius Castri Rainaldi" deposited property at Marmoutier and that "Guicherii filius Gaufridus" requested return of the property, the dispute being litigated at the court of "dominæ suæ Adelæ Blesensis comitissæ" (which narrows the dating to before [1107] when her son Thibaut IV was invested as count)[439]

(c)       EUDES (-after [1093/94]).  “Godefredus de Sachiniaco” donated his fief to Marmoutier, with the consent of “Guicherius de Castro Rainaldi, apud fontem Merlandi...apud castrum Rainaldi, Gaufredus et Odo filius Guicherii...Guicherius iuvenis apud castrum Rainaldi...coram patre suo Guicherio et fratre suo Gauffredo”, by charter dated to [1093/94][440]

(d)       GUICHER (-after [1093/94]).  “Godefredus de Sachiniaco” donated his fief to Marmoutier, with the consent of “Guicherius de Castro Rainaldi, apud fontem Merlandi...apud castrum Rainaldi, Gaufredus et Odo filius Guicherii...Guicherius iuvenis apud castrum Rainaldi...coram patre suo Guicherio et fratre suo Gauffredo”, by charter dated to [1093/94][441]

ii)         PETRONILLE de Château-Renard (-Châteaurenard 1 Nov 1078, bur Vendôme)"Comite…Fulcone…cum coniuge sua…Petronilla" confirmed the donation by "Rotbertum de Monte Comiturno et Fulcherium de Turre nepotem ipsius", by charter dated 1061[442].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   "Fulconis comitis, uxor eius Petronillæ…" witnessed a charter dated to [1060/66] which records an agreement between "Odone de Camaziaco" and La Trinité de Vendôme concerning property[443].  "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier by charter dated 1066, confirmed by "uxor eiusdem comitis…Petronilla" after her husband died, witnessed by "Albericus de Monte-aureo, Ingelbaldus Brito, Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaldi, Rainaldus cantor frater ipsius Petronille, Fulcherius de Turre, Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius, Tetbaldus filius Leterii"[444].  A charter records the death "Kal Nov" at Château-Renard in 1078 of "Petronilla mater Burchardi comitis" and her donation before dying to La Trinité de Vendôme of property previously held by "Fulconis comitis mariti sui", with the consent of "Burchardo filio suo comite Vindocini"[445]m FOULQUES "l'Oison" de Vendôme, son of BODON de Nevers Comte de Vendôme & his wife Adela d´Anjou (-Ferrières-en-Touraine 21 or 22 Nov 1066, bur Vendôme).  He was restored as Comte de Vendôme after [1060/61]. 

iii)        RENAUD (-after Nov 1066).  "Fulconem comitem Vindocinensem", on his deathbed, donated rights to Marmoutier by charter dated 1066, confirmed by "uxor eiusdem comitis…Petronilla" after her husband died, witnessed by "Albericus de Monte-aureo, Ingelbaldus Brito, Wlgrinus filius Ingelbaldi, Rainaldus cantor frater ipsius Petronille, Fulcherius de Turre, Matheus de Monte-aureo, Drogo frater eius, Tetbaldus filius Leterii"[446]

Renaud [II] & his second wife had two children: 

b)         RENAUD [III] (-[16 Jan] [1096] or before or after 11 Oct 1106).  “Rainaldus castri Guntherii et castri Rainaldi, in pago Turonico dominus”, after being captured “in bello a Britannis” but later freed after giving as hostages “duobus filiis suis Rainaldo et Guicherio”, renounced claims over the forest of Blémars “cum uxore sua Lisabellis”, by charter dated 1063[447].  "Rainaldus de Castrogunterii" donated property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated [1080/96] which names "Elisabeth mater meæ et Adelardus filius meus"[448]Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  "Anselmo de Castello Gunterii et uxor mea Elisabeth" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, by undated charter, which also records that "Rainaldus de Castello Gunterii cum fiducia" confirmed the donation (the text implying that this was after the death of the donor), with the consent of "filio suo Adelardo et filia sua Laurentia"[449].  "De baronibus Andegavensibus: Rainaldus de Castro Gunterii, Gosfridus Rorgonis, Paganus de Mirebello, Adam de Castello Ledi, Robertus Vestrollus, Fulco de Matefelon" are named as present in the charter dated 1095 which records a judgment by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d´Anjou which confirms the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers in its possession "du domaine de Pitrate, près Angers"[450].  A charter dated to [1107] records that "Adelardus de Castro Gunteri et Rainaldus pater eius" attempted to impose unjust taxes on the bourg of Mesnil but were summoned before Pope Paschal II at the council of Troyes and agreed to desist[451].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XVI Kal Feb" of "Rainaldus Castrogunterii dominus"[452].  This entry could refer either to Renaud [III] or to his grandson Renaud [IV].  m (before 1080) BURGONDE de Nevers, daughter of ROBERT "le Bourguignon" de Nevers & his first wife Avoie [Blanche] de Sablé (-after 1126).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1080/96] which records the pretensions of "Robertus Burgundio" to property of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Berta uxor eius, et Adalardus nepos eius, filius Rainaldi de Castello Gunterii", by charter dated to [1098][453].  "Rainaldus Castri Gunterii, Junior…uxor sua Burgundia" withheld "dotem meam" from the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by undated charter[454].  A charter dated 1126 records a donation to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by "Domna…Burgundia mater Adelardi de Castello Gunterii"[455].  Prioress of Avenières.  Renaud [III] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          ADELARD [I] (-5 Aug after 1145).  ["Anselmo de Castello Gunterii et uxor mea Elisabeth" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, by undated charter, which also records that "Rainaldus de Castello Gunterii cum fiducia" confirmed the donation (the text implying that this was after the death of the donor), with the consent of "filio suo Adelardo et filia sua Laurentia"[456].]  Seigneur de Château-Gonthier

-         see below

ii)         LAURENCE .  "Anselmo de Castello Gunterii et uxor mea Elisabeth" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, by undated charter, which also records that "Rainaldus de Castello Gunterii cum fiducia" confirmed the donation (the text implying that this was after the death of the donor), with the consent of "filio suo Adelardo et filia sua Laurentia"[457].  As noted above, it is "Rainaldus" in this document was Renaud [III] in which case Laurence would have been his daughter. 

c)         GUICHER .  “Rainaldus castri Guntherii et castri Rainaldi, in pago Turonico dominus”, after being captured “in bello a Britannis” but later freed after giving as hostages “duobus filiis suis Rainaldo et Guicherio”, renounced claims over the forest of Blémars “cum uxore sua Lisabellis”, by charter dated 1063[458].  As Guicher is named after his brother Renaud in this document, he was presumably his father´s younger son and therefore a different person from Guicher [I] (see above), probably born after the death of his older half-brother whose son is recorded as adult around the same time. 

Renaud [II] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

d)         LETBERT (-after [1080]).  "…Letbertus frater Guicherii,,," witnessed the charter dated 1060 under which "Ascelinum filium Otberti" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guicherius…et Beatrix uxor eius"[459].  “Wicherium filium Guicherii de castro Reginaldi”, after being expelled from his domaine after the wars between Thibaut III Comte de Blois and Geoffroy II Comte d´Anjou, and sought refuge at Blois, claimed rights in the forest of Blémars, naming “Letberto bastardo patruo eiusdem Wicherii”, by charter dated to [1061/65], subscribed by “...Letberti bastardi filii Reginaldi de Castro...[460].  "Letbertum filium bastardum Rainaldo de Castro" renounced claims against Marmoutier by charter dated 1062[461].  A charter dated to [1080] which records a claim against Marmoutier by "Rainaldum de Castro-Gunterii", who at that time held "in Turonia castrum Rainaldi", states that the claim was settled "apud Castrum-Rainaldi" at the court of "Guicherio filio Guicherii" and refers to "avi sui" (which appears to refer to Renaud), signed by "Guicherius de Castro Rainaldi, Letbertus bastardus patruus eius…"[462]

2.         [ANSELME .  "Anselmo de Castello Gunterii et uxor mea Elisabeth" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, by undated charter, which also records that "Rainaldus de Castello Gunterii cum fiducia" confirmed the donation (the text implying that this was after the death of the donor), with the consent of "filio suo Adelardo et filia sua Laurentia"[463].  It is likely that "Rainaldus" named in this document was Renaud [III] de Château-Gonthier (see above).  If this is correct, "Anselmo" may have been his paternal uncle who is not recorded elsewhere.  Another possibility is that "Anselmo" in this document was a mistranscription for "Rainaldo" and that the donor was Renaud [II] Seigneur de Château-Gonthier, whose second wife was named Elisabeth as shown above.  No other reference to the name Anselme has been found in the family of the seigneurs de Château-Gonthier, which suggests that the mistake hypothesis may be correct.  m ELISABETH, daughter of ---.  "Anselmo de Castello Gunterii et uxor mea Elisabeth" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, by undated charter[464].] 

 

 

The following person has not been identified precisely but his name suggests a connection with the family of the seigneurs de Château-Gonthier or Château-Rainard. 

1.         RENAUD (-after 1136).  "…Gaufredus de Dinanno, Rainaldus de Castrogunterii…" witnessed the charter dated 1123 which records donations to Saint-Malo de Dinan by "Johannes Gulterii cujusdam filii"[465].  "Fulcoidus de Vallibus" donated property to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Guillelmus de Vallibus filius eius…Rainaldus de Castello…et Rainaldus filius eius…Gauffredus…frater ipsius Rainaldi", by charter dated 1136[466]

 

 

The acquisition by the following family of the seigneurie de Château-Renard, some tiime in the late 11th century, has not yet been explained.  The curious additional wording in the subscription clause of the charter dated to [1084/1100], quoted below, indicates that they were unrelated to the previous seigneurs de Château-Renard, although the words suggest that the latter were the interlopers. 

 

1.         THOMAS (-after [1084/1100]).  Seigneur de Château-Renard.  “Haymericus Pictavensis” donated “terram de septem puteis apud Rosdonium” to Marmoutier, with the consent of “domini sui Thomæ Castri Rainaldi domini” and confirmed by “Paganus filius prefati Thomæ”, by charter dated to [1084/1100], witnessed by “Guicherius et filius eius Rainaldus de Castello-Rainaldi (sed etiam alibi notati sunt sub hac apellatione, etsi ea cognomina a loco habitationis verear desumpta, potiusquam a sanguine dominorum castri de cuius forte prosapia non erant[467]m ---.  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         PAYEN .  “Haymericus Pictavensis” donated “terram de septem puteis apud Rosdonium” to Marmoutier, with the consent of “domini sui Thomæ Castri Rainaldi domini” and confirmed by “Paganus filius prefati Thomæ”, by charter dated to [1084/1100][468]

 

 

ADELARD [I] de Château-Gonthier, son of RENAUD [III] Seigneur de Château-Gonthier & his wife Burgonde de Nevers (-5 Aug after 1145).  "Anselmo de Castello Gunterii et uxor mea Elisabeth" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, by undated charter, which also records that "Rainaldus de Castello Gunterii cum fiducia" confirmed the donation (the text implying that this was after the death of the donor), with the consent of "filio suo Adelardo et filia sua Laurentia"[469]Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[470].  "Adelardus dominus de Castrogunterii" donated property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated [1125/36][471].  A charter dated to [1107] records that "Adelardus de Castro Gunteri et Rainaldus pater eius" attempted to impose unjust taxes on the bourg of Mesnil but were summoned before Pope Pascal II at the council of Troyes and agreed to desist[472].  "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus, Rainaldi Jerosolimitani filius" recognised that he received no duties from Bazouges, which belonged to Angers Saint-Aubin, by charter dated 9 Sep 1109[473].  A charter dated 1 Mar 1123 records the donation to Angers Saint-Aubin of revenue from Château-Gonthier by "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus", with the consent of "Mathilde uxore sua et filio suo Adelardo"[474].  "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus, Rainaldi Jerosolimitani filius" recognised that he received no duties from Bazouges, which belonged to Angers Saint-Aubin, by charter dated 9 Sep 1109[475].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "Non Aug" of "Adelardus dominus Castrogonterii"[476]

m firstly MATHILDE, daughter of --- (-20 Dec 1123).  "Adelardus de Castro Gunterii" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, for the soul of "Mahaldis uxoris sue", by undated charter[477].  "Adelardus de Castrogunterii et Mathildis uxor eius" are recorded as present in a charter dated 29 Jan 1121 in which the judgment of Pope Calixtus II relating to a donation to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil is recorded[478].  A charter dated 1 Mar 1123 records the donation to Angers Saint-Aubin of revenue from Château-Gonthier by "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus", with the consent of "Mathilde uxore sua et filio suo Adelardo"[479].  A charter records the death "MCXXIII vigilia sancti Thomæ apostoli" of "Mathildis uxor Adelardi Castrogontherii domini" and the donation to Saint-Aubin made by "vir eius"[480].  "Adelardus dominus Castrigunterii" donated property to Angers for the souls of "uxoris meæ defunctæ Mathildis et filiorum meorum Adelardi defuncti et Rainaudi et Adelardi vivorum et…uxoris meæ vivæ Exileiæ" by charter dated 16 Oct 1145[481].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XVIII Kal Sep" of "Millesendis uxor Aelardi domini de Castrogonterii"[482], which may refer to Mathilde. 

m secondly (before 16 Oct 1145) EXILIA, daughter of ---.  "Adelardus dominus Castrigunterii" donated property to Angers for the souls of "uxoris meæ defunctæ Mathildis et filiorum meorum Adelardi defuncti et Rainaudi et Adelardi vivorum et…uxoris meæ vivæ Exileiæ" by charter dated 16 Oct 1145[483]

Adelard [I] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         ADELARD (-after 1 Mar 1123).  A charter dated 1 Mar 1123 records the donation to Angers Saint-Aubin of revenue from Château-Gonthier by "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus", with the consent of "Mathilde uxore sua et filio suo Adelardo"[484].  "Adelardus dominus Castrigunterii" donated property to Angers for the souls of "uxoris meæ defunctæ Mathildis et filiorum meorum Adelardi defuncti et Rainaudi et Adelardi vivorum et…uxoris meæ vivæ Exileiæ" by charter dated 16 Oct 1145[485]

Adelard [I] & his [first/second] wife had two children: 

2.         RENAUD [IV] (-[16 Jan] [1162/78] or after, bur Angers, Saint-Nicolas).  "Adelardus dominus Castrigunterii" donated property to Angers for the souls of "uxoris meæ defunctæ Mathildis et filiorum meorum Adelardi defuncti et Rainaudi et Adelardi vivorum et…uxoris meæ vivæ Exileiæ" by charter dated 16 Oct 1145[486]Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  "Raginaudus de Castrogunterii" confirmed a donation of property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated [1162/78], in which "Adelardo fratre ipsius" is recorded as present[487].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "XVI Kal Feb" of "Rainaldus Castrogunterii dominus"[488].  This entry could refer either to Renaud [IV] or to his grandfather Renaud [III].  m BEATRIX du Perche, daughter of ROTROU [I] "le Grand" Comte du Perche & his first wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Renaud [IV] & his wife had two children: 

a)         RENAUD [V] (-1190 or after).  "Raginaudus, Raginaudi filii Adelardi quondam filius" confirmed the donations by his grandfather "Adelardus de Castro Gunterii" of property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated 1190, witnessed by "Willelmo fratre meo"[489]Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus" renounced rights to revenue from "filie Otgerii", for the love of "fratris sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "duo filii eius Rainaldus primogenitus et Adelardus junior", by charter dated 1193[490]m ---.  The name of Renaud's wife has not yet been identified.  Renaud [V] & his wife had two children: 

i)          RENAUD [VI] (-after 1220).  "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus" renounced rights to revenue from "filie Otgerii", for the love of "fratris sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "duo filii eius Rainaldus primogenitus et Adelardus junior", by charter dated 1193[491]Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  "Rainaldus et Adelardus domini de Castrogunterii" donated property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated 1206[492].  "Magister Raginaudus de Castro Gonterii" confirmed a donation of property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated 1220[493]m  EMMA Mauleverer, daughter of ---.  King John paid the debt of "Reginald Mauleverer" to the Jews relating to "terra et castrum Regin de [Castro] Gunterii as maritandam Emmam sororem suam Reginald fil Reginaldi de Castro Gunterii" by charter dated 10 Jun 1200[494]

ii)         ADELARD (-[1215/20]).  "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus" renounced rights to revenue from "filie Otgerii", for the love of "fratris sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "duo filii eius Rainaldus primogenitus et Adelardus junior", by charter dated 1193[495]Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  "Rainaldus et Adelardus domini de Castrogunterii" donated property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated 1206[496]

-         see below

b)         GUILLAUME (-after 1193).  "Willelmo fratre meo" witnessed the charter dated 1190 of "Raginaudus, Raginaudi filii Adelardi quondam filius" confirming the donations by his grandfather "Adelardus de Castro Gunterii" to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil[497].  "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus" renounced rights to revenue from "filie Otgerii", for the love of "fratris sui Guillelmi", by charter dated 1193[498]

3.         ADELARD (-[1162/78] or after).  "Raginaudus de Castrogunterii" confirmed a donation of property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated [1162/78], in which "Adelardo fratre ipsius" is recorded as present[499]

 

 

ADELARD de Château-Gonthier, son of RENAUD [V] Seigneur de Château-Gonthier & his wife --- (-[1215/20]).  "Adelardus, Castri Gunterii dominus" renounced rights to revenue from "filie Otgerii", for the love of "fratris sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "duo filii eius Rainaldus primogenitus et Adelardus junior", by charter dated 1193[500]Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  "Rainaldus et Adelardus domini de Castrogunterii" donated property to the abbey of Azé et du Genétil by charter dated 1206[501]

m (contract May 1207) EMMA de Vitré, daughter of ANDRE [II] Seigneur de Vitré & his first wife Mathilde de Mayenne (-after 1212). 

Adelard & his wife had one child: 

1.         JACQUES de Château-Gonthier (-10 Jan [1257/1264])Seigneur de Château-Gonthier.  Seigneur de Nogent-le-Rotrou.  The necrology of Nogent-le-Rotrou records the death “XVII Kal Feb“ of "Jameti Castrigonterii domini dicti loci et de Nogento” and his donation of “jus patronatus...ecclesie Sancti Stephani de castro...Nogenti[502]m (Sep 1239) AVOISE de Laval, daughter of MATHIEU [I] Sire de Montmorency & his second wife Emma de Laval (-after 1 Jun 1270).  A charter dated Jun 1230 (misdated?) records claims by "Iacobum de Castrogonterii generum meum" against "Matheus de Montemoranciaco et de Laval dominus Franciæ constabularius"[503].  Letters dated Sep 1239 record donations made by "Jean seigneur de Chossiaco et de Laval", with the consent of "Emme comitisse d´Alençon et dame de Laval son espouse", to "Jacques seigneur de Chasteaugonthier" on his marriage to "Avoise fille de ladite comtesse"[504].  Jacques & his wife had one child: 

a)         EMMA [Anne] de Château-Gonthier (-after Feb 1268).  "Petrus filius Johannis comitis Britanie" granted "castellaniam de Veuz" to "Anne uxori Girardi Chabotz domini Radesiarum, filie primogenite deffuncti Jacobi quondam domini Castri Gonterii et Nogenti Rotrodi" in exchange for "castro…de Nogento Rotrodi" by charter dated 13 Jun 1265[505].  "Emme fille e heir feu James de Cheteau Gontier, femme jadis feu Gefrei de Pouencé" donated "la chastelenie de Veuz" to "Girart Chabot son…espous" by charter dated Jan 1266[506].  A charter dated Feb 1268 records an agreement between "Jehanne de Poencé fille et hoir feu Jeffroy de Poencé" and "Girart Chabot seigneur de Rays et de Chasteaugontier et Emme sa femme, jadis femme dudit feu Jeffroy" concerning the dower of Emma[507].  "Emma domina Castri Gonterii" donated "terciam partem tocius terre mee" to "Girardo Chaboz valleto domino Radesiarum" if "Theobaldi filii mei" died without heirs by charter dated Dec 1268[508].  "Girart Chabotz chevalier sire de Rays et de Machecoul" donated income from "Port Durant à Coiron en Chevecher", previously enjoyed by "Brient Beuf ot en mariaige o…Bellassez jadiz sa femme, seur dud…Girart", to "Jehan de Coché, vallet, sgr de la Benaste et Eustaice sa femme, fille dud…Girart", and to Eustachie "la terre dever feue Anne jadis sa mère" while reserving rights to "Jehan de Beaumont et Jehanne de Pancé sa femme, fille de lad. Anne et seur à lad. Eustaice", by charter dated Mar 1285[509].  The confusion in the different sources between Anne and Emma as the name of the first wife of Gérard [II] Chabot is probably due to transcription errors, as the two names probably appear similar in original manuscripts.  The difficulty is knowing which was her correct name.  m firstly GEOFFROY de Pouancé, son of --- (-after 4 May 1263).  The testament of "Gaufridus de Poenceio", dated 4 May 1263, which names "…Petrum de Poncé militem, Hugonem et Theobaldum de Poencé, fratres meos…" among his executors, and gives "filia mea primogenita…in custodia domini Guidonis de Valle militis"[510]m secondly ([4 May 1263/13 Jun 1265]) as his first wife, GERARD [II] Chabot, son of GERARD [I] Chabot Seigneur de Rays & his second wife Eustachie de Rays (-1298). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    SIRES de CRAON

 

 

 

A.      SIRES de CRAON (ORIGINS)

 

 

1.         SUHARD de Craon (-after 1037).  1010/1027.  A charter dated to [1050/55] records that the church of Craon was founded by "Suhardus Vetulus…Guarini filii eius", that "Suhardus junior frater eius" succeeded after the death of Guérin, and names "Guarinus cognomina Bastardus, Suhardi…Vetuli filius"[511].  "Suhardus de Credonio, Raginaldus de Castro Gunterii cum Adelardo filio suo" witnessed the charter dated 1033 which records the foundation of the abbey of Saint-Nicholas [d´Angers?][512].  "Suhardo de Credone…" witnessed the charter dated 1037 under which the monks of Saint-Aubin d'Angers relate the recent history of their abbey[513]m ---.  The name of Suhard´s wife is not known.  Suhard & his wife had three children: 

a)         LISOIR de Craon (-[after 1032]).  "Lisoio Subhardi filio" sold property "in Mauri cellæ parochia sitas" to "domina Odelina", which she donated to found the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter dated 1032[514]

b)         GUERIN de Craon .  A charter dated to [1050/55] records that the church of Craon was founded by "Suhardus Vetulus…Guarini filii eius", that "Suhardus junior frater eius" succeeded after the death of Guérin, and names "Guarinus cognomina Bastardus, Suhardi…Vetuli filius"[515]m ---.  The name of Guérin´s wife is not known.  Guérin & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERTHE de Craon (-[before 3 Mar 1070]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 3 Mar 1070 under which her son-in-law "Rainaldus filius Roberti Burgundionis et uxor mea Eunoguena filia Roberti de Vitreio, nata de ipsius legali coniuge filia…Warini, naturalis hæredis et domini Credonensis honoris" confirmed the possession of "ecclesia Sancti Clementis…apud Credonum" to La Trinité de Vendôme[516].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Under the scenario set out in the document BRITTANY, "Berthe" was the name of Robert de Vitré´s second wife and no primary source has yet been found which indicates that this was also the name of his first wife.  The charter dated 3 Mar 1070 suggests that --- de Craon may have died before that date, otherwise it is unclear why she would not have issued the charter in her own name (together with her husband, who was still living).  The issue is not free from all doubt as the phrase "domini Credonensis honoris" in the document appears to apply to "Warini", not to Renaud.  Nevertheless, the fact that Renaud inherited Craon through his wife indicates that Enoguen must have been the sole heir of Robert de Vitré´s marriage to the heiress of Craon and that his other children, whose possible inheritance of Craon never seems to have been raised, were born from a different marriage.  Her son-in-law is named "Raynaldus castri Credonensis dominus" in a charter dated 26 Jan 1078[517], which demonstrates that his mother-in-law must certainly have died by then.  m [as his first wife,] ROBERT de Vitré, son of TRISCAN de Vitré & his wife Enoguen --- (-27 Jul [1090]). 

c)         SUHARD de Craon .  A charter dated to [1050/55] records that the church of Craon was founded by "Suhardus Vetulus…Guarini filii eius", that "Suhardus junior frater eius" succeeded after the death of Guérin, and names "Guarinus cognomina Bastardus, Suhardi…Vetuli filius"[518].  Suhard had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

i)          GUERIN bâtard de Craon .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Monk at Saint-Aubin 1053-1083. 

Suhard had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

d)         GUERIN bâtard de Craon .  A charter dated to [1050/55] records that the church of Craon was founded by "Suhardus Vetulus…Guarini filii eius", that "Suhardus junior frater eius" succeeded after the death of Guérin, and names "Guarinus cognomina Bastardus, Suhardi…Vetuli filius"[519]

 

 

 

B.      SIRES de CRAON (COMTES de NEVERS)

 

 

RENAUD de Nevers, son of ROBERT "le Bourguignon" de Nevers & his first wife Avoie [Blanche] du Maine (-Dec 1101).  "Domnus Robertus Burgundis" donated half of "ecclesiæ suæ…in pago Credonensi, apud Betulum-Campum…sancti Petri" to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "Gosfredi comitis senioris sui", by charter dated 16 Jul 1067, signed by "Rotbertus Burgundius et filius eius Rainaldus…"[520].  "Rainaldus filius Roberti Burgundionis et uxor mea Eunoguena filia Roberti de Vitreio, nata de ipsius legali coniuge filia…Warini, naturalis hæredis et domini Credonensis honoris" confirmed the possession of "ecclesia Sancti Clementis…apud Credonum" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 3 Mar 1070[521].  "Rotbertus Burgundio" donated pasturage rights in the forest of Brionne to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "fratris sui Hanrici atque uxoris suæ, illius quæ Blancha vocata est, filiorumque suorum" by charter dated 30 Nov 1077, witnessed by "Rainaldus filius eius…"[522].  "Raynaldus castri Credonensis dominus et…uxor mea…Ennoguena cognomina Domitilla" donated was shields to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 26 Jan 1078[523].  "Raginaldus cognomina Burgundus de Credone castro et uxor mea…Domita et filius meus Mauricius" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers in honour of "patris mei Rotberti" by charter dated Oct 1080[524].  Sire de Craon, by right of his wife.  "Rainnaldo Burgundio, Mauritio, Aymerico et Roberto filii eius" were present at the confirmation of the donation of "ecclesia Beatæ-Mariæ de Chamiliaco" to the priory of Craon Saint-Clement, by undated charter, dated to 1093[525].  He founded the Abbey de la Roé 1096.  "Rainaldus de Credone, filius Roberti Burgundi" restored rights to the monks of Craon Saint-Clément by charter dated to [1100], signed by "Henricus filius eius"[526]

m ENOGUEN [Domita] de Vitré, daughter of ROBERT de Vitré & his [first] wife --- de Craon (-after 28 Jan 1078).  "Rainaldus filius Roberti Burgundionis et uxor mea Eunoguena filia Roberti de Vitreio, nata de ipsius legali coniuge filia…Warini, naturalis hæredis et domini Credonensis honoris" confirmed the possession of "ecclesia Sancti Clementis…apud Credonum" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 3 Mar 1070[527].  Heiress of Craon.  "Raynaldus castri Credonensis dominus et…uxor mea…Ennoguena cognomina Domitilla" donated was shields to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 26 Jan 1078[528].  "Raginaldus cognomina Burgundus de Credone castro et uxor mea…Domita et filius meus Mauricius" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers in honour of "patris mei Rotberti" by charter dated Oct 1080[529]

Renaud & his wife had four children: 

1.         MAURICE [I] (-[1119/20]).  "Raginaldus cognomina Burgundus de Credone castro et uxor mea…Domita et filius meus Mauricius" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers in honour of "patris mei Rotberti" by charter dated Oct 1080[530].  "Rainnaldo Burgundio, Mauritio, Aymerico et Roberto filii eius" were present at the confirmation of the donation of "ecclesia Beatæ-Mariæ de Chamiliaco" to the priory of Craon Saint-Clement, by undated charter, dated to 1093[531]Sire de Craon.  "Mauricius dominus castelli…Credonum" was condemned to repair the damage he caused to La Trinité de Vendôme "uxor eius domna Mathildis", by charter dated 1105, which names "Goffridus…Vindocinensis abbas…consanguineus Mauricii", and is signed by "Mauricius dominus Credonis, Robertus frater eius…Guido de Lavalle…"[532].  "Mauricius Credonensis et uxor mea Theophania…et Hugo filius noster" donated navigation rights on the Loire to the abbey of Fontevraud by undated charter, signed by "Rollando Credonensi cum filio suo Buchardo, Gaufredo de Rota, Hersendis atque Petronilla"[533]m TIPHAINE "Anguilla" dame de Chantocé et d´Ingrandes, daughter of HUGUES de Chantocé & his wife ---.  "Mauricius Credonensis et uxor mea Theophania…et Hugo filius noster" donated navigation rights on the Loire to the abbey of Fontevraud by undated charter[534].  "Hugo de Cantosceio" donated property to Saint-Nicholas, confirmed "post mortem Hugonis" by "Mauricius filius Raginaldi de Credone…qui filias eius in uxorem…suscepit", by charter dated to [1105/16][535].  Maurice [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         HUGUES (-[1140]).  "Mauricius Credonensis et uxor mea Theophania…et Hugo filius noster" donated navigation rights on the Loire to the abbey of Fontevraud by undated charter[536]Sire de Craon.  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[537]m firstly ([1124], [separated]) AGNES de Laval, daughter of GUY [II] Sire de Laval & his second wife Cecile --- (-[after 1140]).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a letter from "Hildebertus…Turonum minister" to Pope Honorius II, dated [14 Apr] 1129, relating to canonical difficulties relating to the marriage of "Hugonis de Credone et Agnetis uxoris suæ" which names "ipsa Agnes…et…Guidonem de Lavalle fratrem suum"[538].  "Guarino de Credone, Agnete matre eius" consented to the donation by "Gualeri de Bona et Aanor uxor eius" to La Roë, by undated charter[539].  Bodard de la Jacopière identifies the signatories in this charter with Agnes de Laval, first wife of Hugues Sire de Craon, and their supposed son Guérin.  This raises an interesting question concerning the date of Agnes´s death.  If she died before her husband´s second marriage, her son could have been no more than five years old at the time, bearing in mind that his father had five children by his second marriage before his death in [1140].  In that case, it is unlikely that Guérin would have been considered old enough to have consented to the donation in this charter.  The other possibility is that Hugues´s first marriage was terminated not by his wife´s death but by their separation, insisted on by the church because of the canonical difficulties referred to above.  m secondly as her first husband, MARQUISE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 1191 which records donations to Saint-Nicholas de Craon by "Mauricius…filius Hugonis et Marquisiæ, Credonensis dominus" on the death of "fratris sui Fulconis de Matefelon"[540].  [She married secondly as his second wife, Hugues de Champagne Seigneur de Mathefelon.  Her second marriage is indicated by the charter dated 1191 under which her son "Mauricius…filius Hugonis et Marquisiæ, Credonensis dominus" donated property to Saint-Nicholas de Craon on the death of "fratris sui Fulconis de Matefelon"[541].]  She married [thirdly] Payen de Vaiges.  Her [third] marriage is indicated by the charter dated 1162 under which her son "Mauritius de Credonio" donated property to "monachis sancti Melanii", at the request of "Marquisiæ matris meæ et Gaufredi de Poëncio nepotis mei et Paganus de Vegia", signed by "…Pagano de Vegia et Marquisia matre mea eius uxore…"[542].  Hugues & his first wife had two children: 

i)          RENAUD (-[1128/30], bur La Roë).  "Hugues de Craon" donated property to the monks of La Roë, for the anniversary of the death of "son fils Renaud" whose tomb he and "sa femme Agnès" visited, by charter dated to [1128/30][543]

ii)         GUERIN (-[1150]).  He succeeded his father as Sire de Craon.  "Guarinus dominus Credonensium" donated property to La Roë, in the presence of "Guillelmus de Guierchia…Hamo frater eius", by undated charter[544].  "Guarino de Credone, Agnete matre eius" consented to the donation by "Gualeri de Bona et Aanor uxor eius" to La Roë, by undated charter[545]

Hugues & his second wife had four children: 

iii)        MAURICE [II] (-12 Jul or 10 Aug 1196).  "Mauritius de Credone Hugonis filius" confirmed donations to "ecclesiæ de Rota" by charter dated 1191, witnessed by "Guillelmo de Guierchia, Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauritio et Petro et Philippo de Sauconeio, Paganus de Sancto Amatore, Guillelmi de Vitreio et Mauritius frater eius"[546].  He succeeded his half-brother as Sire de Craon

-         see below.  

iv)       ROBERT .  Broussillon records that Robert witnessed a charter of his brother Maurice [II] for Roë[547].  Canon at Angers. 

v)        GUY .  Broussillon records that Guy witnessed the charter dated 1191 between Richard I King of England and Tancredo King of Sicily[548]

vi)       MARQUISE .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1162 under which "Mauritius de Credonio" donated property to "monachis sancti Melanii", at the request of "Marquisiæ matris meæ et Gaufredi de Poëncio nepotis mei et Paganus de Vegia", signed by "Gaufrido de Poencio nepote meo, Hugone de Guirchia fratre suo, Pagano de Vegia et Marquisia matre mea eius uxore…"[549].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   m HUGUES de la Guerche, son of ---.  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "Petrum de Guierchia" as guardian of his lands and his children, if his wife and daughter died, in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem, and provided for "Petrus…de Garnachio" to inherit his property if his other heirs died[550]

b)         [MAURICE .  The 1156 and 1157 Pipe Rolls record "Maurici de Creun" in Lincolnshire, "deb. I. acciptr. Norriscu.7.I.Girfalc" and "Concordia"[551].  It appears unlikely that these entries refer to Maurice [II] Sire de Craon.  If the latter had been patronised by Henry II King of England, it is likely that the king would also have arranged his marriage.  However, this does not appear to have been the case assuming that the marriage date of Maurice [II] is correctly estimated as shown below.  If this hypothesis is correct, it is likely that the entries refer to Maurice [II]´s paternal uncle.  "M. de Creun" confirmed the donation of land in Old Scrane and West Newland to Kirkstead abbey by "Willelmus filius Rogeri cognatus meus" by charter dated to [before 1158], witnessed by "…Wido filius Mauricii, Radulfus frater eius…"[552].]  m ---.  The name of Maurice´s wife is not known.  Maurice & his wife had two children: 

i)          GUY de Craon .  "M. de Creun" confirmed the donation of land in Old Scrane and West Newland to Kirkstead abbey by "Willelmus filius Rogeri cognatus meus" by charter dated to [before 1158], witnessed by "…Wido filius Mauricii, Radulfus frater eius…"[553]

ii)         RAOUL de Craon .  "M. de Creun" confirmed the donation of land in Old Scrane and West Newland to Kirkstead abbey by "Willelmus filius Rogeri cognatus meus" by charter dated to [before 1158], witnessed by "…Wido filius Mauricii, Radulfus frater eius…"[554]

c)         TIPHAINE [Burgundia] .  Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by a fragmentary chronicle of the dukes of Aquitaine which records that "Hugo…Camerarii Willelmi filius" and his wife donated property to the abbey of Mauléon for the souls of "…Mauricii qui tenuit in vita sua Credonium in pago Andegavensi, atque Theophaniæ, Anguillæ nuncupatæ, patris et matris eiusdem Theophaniæ Burgundiæ", dated to [1126/37], witnessed by "Hugone de Credonio fratre Burgundiæ-Theophaniæ…"[555]m [as his first wife,] HUGUES du Puy-du-Fou, son of GUILLAUME du Puy-du-Fou & his wife Adela --- (-after 1137). 

2.         AIMERY .  "Rainnaldo Burgundio, Mauritio, Aymerico et Roberto filii eius" were present at the confirmation of the donation of "ecclesia Beatæ-Mariæ de Chamiliaco" to the priory of Craon Saint-Clement, by undated charter, dated to 1093[556]

3.         ROBERT (-[Jan 1147]).  "Rainnaldo Burgundio, Mauritio, Aymerico et Roberto filii eius" were present at the confirmation of the donation of "ecclesia Beatæ-Mariæ de Chamiliaco" to the priory of Craon Saint-Clement, by undated charter, dated to 1093[557].  "Mauricius dominus castelli…Credonum" was condemned to repair the damage he caused to La Trinité de Vendôme "uxor eius domna Mathildis", by charter dated 1105, which names "Goffridus…Vindocinensis abbas…consanguineus Mauricii", and is signed by "Mauricius dominus Credonis, Robertus frater eius…Guido de Lavalle…"[558].  Grand Master of the Order of Templars.  William of Tyre names "dominus Robertus cognomine Burgundio, natione Aquitanicus…magister militiæ Templi", dated to 1138[559].  William of Tyre names "Robertus magister militiæ Templi" among those who participated in the Council of Acre, dated to 1148[560]Betrothed to AMELIE de Chabanais, daughter of ESCHIVAT Sire de Chabanais et de Confolens & his wife Amélie ---.  The Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis records that Vulgrin [II] Comte d´Angoulême, during the lifetime of his father Comte Guillaume [V] from the context, therefore dated to before 1120, granted "castellum Chabanes et Confolent", claimed by “Ademaro domino Rupis-Folcaudi...ex parte uxoris suæ”, to “Roberto de Burgundio, [Aimerico de] Rancone” together with “filia Jordani Eschivati” who had died without male heirs, the same passage adding that “idem Robertus” repudiated the agreement and joined the Knights Templar, whereupon the land and bride were granted to "Willermo de Mastacio fratri Roberti domini Montis-Berulli"[561]

4.         HENRI (-after [1119/20]).  "Rainaldus de Credone, filius Roberti Burgundi" restored rights to the monks of Craon Saint-Clément by charter dated to [1100], signed by "Henricus filius eius"[562].  An undated charter records that "Henricus Credonensis post obitum Mauricii fratris sui" deprived the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou of revenue from "apud Corniliacum et apud Malum Campum", as well as the subsequent agreement which settled the dispute[563]

 

 

Two siblings: 

1.         GUY de Craon (-after 1085).  The parentage of Guy de Craon has not been established, although use of the name Maurice by his grandson suggests a family relationship with the Sires de Craon.  It would be chronologically consistent if Guy was another son of Renaud de Nevers Sire de Craon.  Domesday Book records “Guy de Craon” holding land in Stonesby, Waltham on the Wolds and Sproxton in Leicestershire; numerous properties in Lincolnshire[564]m ISABELLE, daughter of HUGH FitzBaldric & his wife ---.  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[565].  Guy & his wife had [four] children: 

a)         ALAIN de Craon (-after [1140/50]).  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[566].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland names "Guido Croun, the father of Alan Croun…Seneschal of the royal mansion"[567].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Alan de Croun…with Muriel his wife and Maurice his eldest son and Matilda their eldest daughter" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[568].  “Alanus de Creun et uxor mea Muriel filiusque meus Mauricius” founded Freston Priory, Lincolnshire by undated charter, dated to 1114[569].  The Lindsey Survey, dated to [1115/18], records "Alan de Craon" holding land in Ravendale and other places, and names the previous holder "Wido de Craon"[570].  “Alanus de Croun” donated land "in Crudeshale cum ecclesia de Warnburne" to Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, with the consent of "Mauricii filii mei et Willielmi filii Rogeri nepotis mei", by undated charter[571].  "Hugo filius Eudonis" donated land in Great Sturton to Kirkstead abbey, with the consent of "Roberti filii mei", by charter dated to [1140/50] witnessed by "Alano de Creun, Waltero et Andrea filiis meis…"[572].  King Stephen granted land in Holland, Lincolnshire formerly held by "Alan[us] de Croun avunculus suus et Mauricius filius suus" to "Will[elm]o filio Rog[er]i" by undated charter[573]m MURIEL de Beauchamp, daughter of ---.  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Alan de Croun…with Muriel his wife and Maurice his eldest son and Matilda their eldest daughter" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[574].  Her family origin is indicated by the Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey which lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[575].  “Alanus de Creun et uxor mea Muriel filiusque meus Mauricius” founded Freston Priory, Lincolnshire by undated charter, dated to 1114[576]. Alain & his wife had five children: 

i)          GUY de Craon .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[577]

ii)         MAURICE de Craon (-after 1180).  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[578].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Alan de Croun…with Muriel his wife and Maurice his eldest son and Matilda their eldest daughter" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[579].  “Alanus de Creun et uxor mea Muriel filiusque meus Mauricius” founded Freston Priory, Lincolnshire by undated charter, dated to 1114[580].  “Alanus de Croun” donated land "in Crudeshale cum ecclesia de Warnburne" to Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, with the consent of "Mauricii filii mei et Willielmi filii Rogeri nepotis mei", by undated charter[581].  The 1180/81 Pipe Roll records "Mauricius de Creon et Wido filius" accounting for land at "Waltham quam habet versus Geruasium Painel" in Warwickshire/Leicestershire[582]m CLARICE, daughter of ---.  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory records that “monsieur Maurice de Croune”, son of "monsieur Alan de Croune le primer foundeur de Friston et Muriele sa femme", married "Clarice"[583].  Maurice & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GUY de Craon .  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory names "monsieur Wythe de Croune" as the son of “monsieur Maurice de Croune” and his wife "Clarice"[584].  The 1180/81 Pipe Roll records "Mauricius de Creon et Wido filius" accounting for land at "Waltham quam habet versus Geruasium Painel" in Warwickshire/Leicestershire[585]m as her second husband, ISABEL [Basset], widow of ALBERT de Gresley, daughter of [THOMAS Basset of Headington, Oxfordshire & his wife Alice de Dunstanville].  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory records that "monsieur Wythe de Croune" married "une Isabelle"[586].  The 1181/82 Pipe Roll records "Wido de Creon" accounting "pro habenda uxore que fuit Alberti Gresle" in Lincolnshire[587].  The primary source which confirms that Isabel was the daughter of Thomas Basset has not yet been identified.  Guy & his wife had one child: 

(1)       PETRONILLA de Craon .  A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory names "dame Petronil de Croune" as the daughter of "monsieur Wythe de Croune" and his wife "Clarice", adding that she married firstly "baron monsieur William Longechaumpe" (by whom she had "monsieur Henre de Longechaumpe", and listing several generations of his descendants) and secondly "baron monsieur Oliver Vaux"[588].  "Henr de la Mare" made a fine for "terra Petronille de Croun ux sue et terris suis in Angliam et Willelmus de La Mara frater suus…", dated 1205[589].  "Henr de Mara et Petronill ux eius" claimed "dote…versus…Henr de Longo Campo" in Herefordshire, dated 1207[590].  Her third marriage is confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Oliverus de Vallibus" held "Vargeburn in barunia cum uxore que fuit Henrici de la Mare" in Hampshire[591]m firstly WILLIAM de Longchamp, son of ---.  m secondly HENRY de la Mare, son of --- (-[1210/12]).  m thirdly ([1211/12]) OLIVER des Vaux, son of --- (-[1238/41]). 

iii)        GEOFFROY de Craon .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[592]

iv)       MATILDA [Mabile] de Craon .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[593].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Alan de Croun…with Muriel his wife and Maurice his eldest son and Matilda their eldest daughter" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[594]

v)        ISABELLE de Craon .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Aleinus de Crehun, Wido pat[er] eius, Isenbele, Wido, Morize, Gefridus, Meæriel de Belca[mp], Mabiliæ, Isenbele"[595]

b)         [FULK .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Hugo fil[ius] Baldri, Fulco f[rate]r Alein, Roger f[rate]r eius, Ricard avuncl ei[us]"[596].] 

c)         [ROGER .  The Liber Vitæ of Thorney abbey lists "Hugo fil[ius] Baldri, Fulco f[rate]r Alein, Roger f[rate]r eius, Ricard avuncl ei[us]"[597].] 

d)         --- de Craonm ROGER, son of ---.  Roger & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM FitzRoger .  “Alanus de Croun” donated land "in Crudeshale cum ecclesia de Warnburne" to Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, with the consent of "Mauricii filii mei et Willielmi filii Rogeri nepotis mei", by undated charter[598].  King Stephen granted land in Holland, Lincolnshire formerly held by "Alan[us] de Croun avunculus suus et Mauricius filius suus" to "Will[elm]o filio Rog[er]i" by undated charter[599]

2.         HILDEBURGE de Craon .  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland names "prior Joffrid [of Saint Evroult in Normandy]…son of the marquis Herebert by Hildeburga sister of Guido Croun, the father of Alan Croun…Seneschal of the royal mansion", adding that he "was born and educated at Orleans" and appointed as abbot of Croyland on the death of Abbot Ingulph (dated to 1109)[600]m HERIBERT, son of ---.  Héribert & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT .  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "abbat Joffrid" interceded with Henry I King of England for the appointment of "the lord Robert his own brother but much his senior in age…monk at Saint Evroult" to succeed as abbot of Thorney (dated to 1112)[601].  Abbot of Thorney [1112]. 

b)         GEOFFROY (Orléans ---- -).  Abbot of Saint-Evroult, Normandy.  Abbot of Croyland [1109].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland names "prior Joffrid [of Saint Evroult in Normandy]…son of the marquis Herebert by Hildeburga sister of Guido Croun, the father of Alan Croun…Seneschal of the royal mansion", adding that he "was born and educated at Orleans" and appointed as abbot of Croyland on the death of Abbot Ingulph (dated to 1109)[602]

 

 

MAURICE [II] de Craon, son of HUGUES Sire de Craon & his second wife Marquise --- (-12 Jul or 10 Aug 1196)Sire de Craon.  "Mauritius de Credonio" donated property to "monachis sancti Melanii", at the request of "Marquisiæ matris meæ et Gaufredi de Poëncio nepotis mei et Paganus de Vegia", by charter dated 1162 signed by "Gaufrido de Poencio nepote meo, Hugone de Guirchia fratre suo, Pagano de Vegia et Marquisia matre mea eius uxore…"[603].  "Mauricius dominus Creonis" donated property to Roë, for the soul of "Raginaldi filii mei" and to found an anniversary for him, by charter dated 1180, which also states that he donated property for the soul of "Amaurici fratris Helisabet uxoris meæ"[604].  "Mauricius de Creon Hugonis filius" donated property to Roë by charter dated 23 Jun 1191, witnessed by "…Guillelmo de Guierchia et Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauricio et Petro…"[605].  "Mauricius…filius Hugonis et Marquisiæ, Credonensis dominus" donated property to Saint-Nicholas de Craon on the death of "fratris sui Fulconis de Matefelon" [uterine brother of Maurice [II] de Craon] by charter dated 1191[606].  "Mauritius de Credone Hugonis filius" confirmed donations to "ecclesiæ de Rota" by charter dated 1191, witnessed by "Guillelmo de Guierchia, Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauritio et Petro et Philippo de Sauconeio, Paganus de Sancto Amatore, Guillelmi de Vitreio et Mauritius frater eius"[607].  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children, and if she died "Guido de Laval…et Havis uxor eius" and if he died "Petrum de Guierchia", in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem, in which he named his sons "Mauritium et Amauricum…Petrus…qui futurus est clericus", provided for their inheritance of his lands in the order "Mauritius…Petrus…Amauricius" with reversion to "Guido de Lavalle…Petrus…de Garnachio", and named "Agnes…filia mea" who would receive "terram meam de Anglia" as her dowry[608].  "Mauricius de Credone filius Hugonis" donated property to Craon Bonshommes by charter dated 1196[609].  The obituary of Craon Bonshommes records the death 10 Aug of "dominus Mauricius de Credone filius Hugonis, fundator domus nostre", recording his donation to the monastery[610]

m ([1170]) as her second husband, ISABELLE de Meulan, widow of GEOFFROY Sire de Mayenne, daughter of GALERAN de Beaumont-le-Roger Comte de Meulan & his wife Agnes de Montfort Dame de Gournay-sur-Marne (-10 May 1220, bur Sauvigny).  "Mauricius dominus Creonis" donated property to Roë, for the soul of "Raginaldi filii mei" and to found an anniversary for him, by charter dated 1180, which also states that he donated property for the soul of "Amaurici fratris Helisabet uxoris meæ"[611].  Henry II King of England confirmed a donation to Sauvigny by "Ysabell filie Gualerandi comitis de Mellento", with the consent of "filiis suis Juhello…filio Gaufridi de Meduana, et Mauricio et Petro, filiis Mauricii de Creon", by charter dated to [Apr 1180/Jan 1183][612].  "Mauricius de Creon Hugonis filius" donated property to Roë by charter dated 23 Jun 1191, witnessed by "…Guillelmo de Guierchia et Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauricio et Petro…"[613].  "Mauricius de Creon Hugonis filius" donated property to Roë by charter dated 23 Jun 1191, witnessed by "…Guillelmo de Guierchia et Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauricio et Petro…"[614].  Her two marriages are confirmed by the undated charter by which her son "Mauritius dominus Credoni" confirmed the donation by "Constantia soror mea" of revenue set by "dominus Juhellus frater meus" at "apud Harperiam" to the abbey of Clarei, by undated charter, witnessed by "…domina Isabel matre mea, domina Gervasia…"[615].  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem[616].  The Gesta Guillelmi Majoris Andegavensis Episcopi names “dominis de Credonio…et Isabella Domina de Credonio” among those present at the burial of Bishop Guillaume, undated but stated to be during the reign of Philippe II King of France[617].  "Domina Ysabel de Meduana et filio eius Mauricio" donated property to Craon Bonshommes by charter dated 1196[618].  Maurice Sire de Craon donated property to Chaloché, with the approval of "Isabelle sa mère…Pierre et Amaury ses frères", by charter dated 1207[619].  The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death in 1220 of "Juhellus de Meduana…domina Isabel mater eius"[620].  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "Kal Mai" of "Isabellis domina de Credonio"[621]

Maurice [II] & his wife had seven children: 

1.         AVOISE (-1230).  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "Guido de Laval…et Havis uxor eius" as guardians of his children and his lands, in the case of the death of his wife, in his undated testament when leaving for Jerusalem, and provided for their inheritance of his lands if he died without male heirs[622].  This document suggests that Avoise must have been her parents´ oldest child, if her three brothers were all minors at the time.  Her first marriage is confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Mauricius de Creon" gave "Waletun…hundredum de Waletun" in Surrey to "Gwidoni de la Val cum filia sua"[623].  Dame de Craon et de Châtelais"Guido sextus dominus de Lavalle" donated property to Plessis-Milcent by charter dated 1205, witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea…"[624].  "Guido dominus sextus de Lavalle" donated property to Olivet priory, for the soul of "Ozannæ filiæ meæ", by charter dated to [1205], witnessed by "Haoys uxore mea, Guido filius meus, Emma filia mea"[625].  "Guido sextus dominus Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "patris mei" to the canons of "castellilo Lavallensi", by charter dated 1208, witnessed by "…Emma matre mea, Hayoisia uxore mea…"[626].  "Robertus comes de Alenchon" settled the dower of "domine Haoys de Lavalle" by charter dated [19 Apr/31 Oct] 1215[627].  "Robertus comes d´Alencon et dominus Lavallis et Emma uxor eius filia Guidonis de Lavalle et hæres Lavallis" exchanged property with "Yvoni Franco et dominæ Haoys uxori suæ" by charter dated Feb 1216[628].  "Matheus de Montemorenciaco, conestabularius Franciæ et Emma, eius uxor, comitissa de Alanconio et domina Lavallensis" ratified a donation by "dominus Ivo Francus et uxor eius Advisia de Lavalle" to Bellebranche, for the salvation of "domini Guydonis de Lavalle" and for "Hugonis filii sui", by charter dated 1218[629]m firstly GUY [V] Sire de Laval, son of GUY [IV] Sire de Laval & his wife Emma of Cornwall (-1210).  m secondly (before 1215) YVES le Franc Seigneur de Saulges (-before 1260). 

2.         CONSTANCE (-after [1205]).  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" provided for reversion to "Guido de Lavalle…Petrus…de Garnachio" in case his sons died without heirs under his undated testament[630].  "Mauritius dominus Credoni" confirmed the donation by "Constantia soror mea" of revenue set by "dominus Juhellus frater meus" at "apud Harperiam" to the abbey of Clarei, by undated charter, witnessed by "…domina Isabel matre mea, domina Gervasia…"[631].  "Mauricius de Credone" confirmed the donation to Fontaine-Daniel by "Constancia soror mea" by charter dated to [1196], witnessed by "domino Juhello de Meduana, domina Isabelli matre mea, domina Gervasia…"[632].  "Constantia filia Mauritii de Credone, domina de la Garnesche" donated property to Fontaine-Daniel, with the consent of "Petri filii mei", by charter dated to [1205][633]m (before 1185) PIERRE [IV] de la Garnache, son of PIERRE [III] de la Garnache & his wife Agnes Chabot (-before [1205]). 

3.         AGNES (-1205 or before).  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children in his undated testament, in which he named "Agnes…filia mea" who would receive "terram meam de Anglia" as her dowry[634].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1216 under which "Amauricius dominus Credonis" consented to a donation by "Theobaldus de Matefelon" for the soul of "Agnetis quondam uxoris suæ et sororis meæ"[635].  "Theobaldus de Mathefelon" donated property to Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "uxoris suæ Agnetis", by charter dated 1204[636]m (before 1191) as his first wife, THIBAUT [III] de Mathefelon, son of THIBAUT [II] Seigneur de Mathefelon & his wife Mathilde de Mayenne (-[May 1238/Dec 1239]). 

4.         RENAUD (-before 1180).  "Mauricius dominus Creonis" donated property to Roë, for the soul of "Raginaldi filii mei" and to found an anniversary for him, by charter dated 1180[637]

5.         MAURICE [III] ([after 1178]-25 Jul 1207).  "Mauricius de Creon Hugonis filius" donated property to Roë by charter dated 23 Jun 1191, witnessed by "…Guillelmo de Guierchia et Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauricio et Petro…"[638].  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children in his undated testament, in which he named his sons "Mauritium et Amauricum…Petrus…qui futurus est clericus" and provided for their inheritance of his lands in the order "Mauritius…Petrus…Amauricius"[639]Sire de Craon.  "Domina Ysabel de Meduana et filio eius Mauricio" donated property to Craon Bonshommes by charter dated 1196[640].  This document suggests that Maurice was still a minor when he succeeded his father, under the guardianship of his mother.  "Mauritius dominus Credoni" confirmed the donation by "Constantia soror mea" of revenue set by "dominus Juhellus frater meus" at "apud Harperiam" to the abbey of Clarei, by undated charter, witnessed by "…domina Isabel matre mea, domina Gervasia…"[641].  Maurice Sire de Craon donated property to Chaloché, with the approval of "Isabelle sa mère…Pierre et Amaury ses frères", by charter dated 1207[642].  "Juhellus de Meduana" donated property to Evron to found an anniversary "in festo sancti Xristophori" for "Mauricii de Creun fratris mei" by charter dated 25 Jul 1207[643]

6.         PIERRE (-[1207]).  "Mauricius de Creon Hugonis filius" donated property to Roë by charter dated 23 Jun 1191, witnessed by "…Guillelmo de Guierchia et Isabel uxore mea et filiis meis Mauricio et Petro…"[644].  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children in his undated testament, in which he named his sons "Mauritium et Amauricum…Petrus…qui futurus est clericus" and provided for their inheritance of his lands in the order "Mauritius…Petrus…Amauricius"[645].  Maurice Sire de Craon donated property to Chaloché, with the approval of "Isabelle sa mère…Pierre et Amaury ses frères", by charter dated 1207[646].  It is assumed that Pierre predeceased his brother Maurice as their younger brother Amaury [I] is recorded as Sire de Craon after Maurice. 

7.         AMAURY [I] (-15 May 1226).  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children in his undated testament, in which he named his sons "Mauritium et Amauricum…Petrus…qui futurus est clericus" and provided for their inheritance of his lands in the order "Mauritius…Petrus…Amauricius"[647].  The Gesta Guillelmi Majoris Andegavensis Episcopi names “Amauricus filius primogenitus et heres nobilis viri Domini Mauricii Domini de Credonio et de Brioleto, puer undecim annorum vel circa”, undated[648].  Maurice Sire de Craon donated property to Chaloché, with the approval of "Isabelle sa mère…Pierre et Amaury ses frères", by charter dated 1207[649]Sire de Craon.  "Amaurricus dominus de Credonio" donated property to Craon Bonshommes by charter dated 1217[650].  The Chronicon Turonense Magnum records that "Amorricus de Credone" succeeded "in senescallia" after the death in 1222 of "Guillelmus de Rupibus senescallus Andigavensis", whose daughter her had married[651].  “Amalricus de Credonio” noted that Louis VIII King of France granted him property of “dominus meus Guillelmus de Ruppibus senescallus Andegavensis” by charter dated Aug 1223[652].  "Amauricus de Credone" confirmed donations to Craon Bonshommes made by "domino Mauricio bone memorie patre meo et a domina Isabelle matre mea et a fratre meo Mauricio" by charter dated Jun 1224[653].  The Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii records the death in 1226 of "Amalricus de Creon, senescallus Angliæ [Andegaviæ]"[654].  The obituary of Craon Bonshommes records the death 15 May of "dominus Amauricus de Credone senescallus Andegavensis", recording his donation to the monastery which is noted above[655]m JEANNE des Roches, daughter of GUILLAUME des Roches Seneschal d´Anjou & his second wife Marguerite de Sablé (-28 Sep 1238).  King Philippe II confirmed a charter dated 1218 under which Guillaume des Roches sénéchal d´Anjou partant pour l´Albigeois” established the rights in his succession of “Jeanne et Clémence ses deux autres [“autres” a mistake?] filles”, with the consent of “Marguerite de Sablé sa femme et d´Amauri de Craon mari de sa fille aînée”, by charter dated Mar 1219, which specifies that the former would receive Sablé, Briollai, Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe, Précigné et Brion and the latter Château-du-Loir, Maiet, la Suze and Louplande[656]"Amorricus de Credone et Johanna uxor eius et Clementia quondam comitis Blesensis" ratified the division of his fiefs made by "pater noster Guillelmus de Rupibus senescalus Andegavensis de consensu…matris nostre Margarite de Sabolio uxoris sue" by charter dated May 1219[657].  “Johanna de Credona, Andegavie senescalla” did homage to Louis IX King of France for “senescaltia Andegavie, Cenomannie et Turonie…bone memorie Guillelmus de Ruppibus, genitor noster…tenuit” by charter dated 27 Jan 1226[658].  She succeeded her father as Seneschale d´Anjou.  The Chronicon Savigniacense records the death "IV Kal Oct" in 1238 of "Iohanna uxor Amalrici de Creon"[659].  Amaury & his wife had three children: 

a)         MAURICE [IV] (-bur 27 May 1250, bur Bellebranche)Sire de Craon.  A charter dated Oct 1252 records a dispute between "bonæ memoriæ Mauricius de Credone…concensum…domine Ysabellis uxoris suæ"[660]m as her first husband, ISABELLE de Lusignan, daughter of HUGUES [XI] “le Brun” Comte de la Marche & his wife Isabelle Ctss d'Angoulême (-14 Jan 1300).  Dame de Beauvoir-sur-Mer et de Marcillac.  A charter dated Oct 1252 records a dispute between "bonæ memoriæ Mauricius de Credone…concensum…domine Ysabellis uxoris suæ"[661].  King Henry III paid "Isabelle de Croun sorori nostre" for "manerio de Burno quod fuit Petri de Croun" which the king granted to Pierre de Savoie, dated 1254[662].  She married secondly (1251) as his second wife, Geoffroy [VI] de Rancon Sire de Taillebourg Seneschal of Poitou.  "Ysabeau dame de Champtocé" granted revenue to "Girart Chaboz…et…Jehanne de Craon fille d´icelle dame" on their marriage by charter dated 21 Nov 1274[663].  Maurice [IV] & his wife had three children:  Maurice [IV] & his wife had three children: 

i)          AMAURY [II] (-1269)Sire de Craonm YOLANDE de Dreux, daughter of JEAN [I] Comte de Dreux et de Braine [Capet] & his wife Marie de Bourbon [Dampierre] (1243-before 16 Jul 1313).  Dame de Saint-Aubin et de Dun.  She married secondly (before Mar 1274) as his second wife, Jean de Trie Comte de Dammartin

ii)         MAURICE [V] (-11 Feb 1293, bur Angers Cordeliers)Sire de Craon.  "Mauricii domini de Credonio" confirmed the rights of the priory of Craon in the forest of Craon, granted by "Raginaldum Burgundionem et Mauricium seniorem", by charter dated 1276[664]m (Jan 1276) as her first husband, MATHILDE Berthout, daughter of WALTER [VI] Berthout Heer van Mechelen & his wife Marie d´Auvergne.  "Maurice seigneur de Craon et de Sablé sénéchal d´Anjou, du Maine et de Touraine" assigned "en douaire…à sa femme Mahaut du château de Sablé" by charter dated 18 Jun 1277[665].  She married secondly (contract 22 Jun 1305) as his second wife, Jean de Beaumont Vicomte de Beaumont

-         SIRES de CRAON[666]

iii)        OLIVIER de Craon (-24 Aug 1285)Archbishop of Tours 1285. 

iv)       MARGUERITE (-after 16 Aug 1280).  m RENAUD de Pressigny, son of ---. 

v)        JEANNE (-before 1288).  "Ysabeau dame de Champtocé" granted revenue to "Girart Chaboz…et…Jehanne de Craon fille d´icelle dame" on their marriage by charter dated 21 Nov 1274[667].  A charter dated 28 Nov 1274 records the dowry paid by "Maurice son frère" to "Girard Chabot" on his marriage to "Jeanne de Craon"[668].  "Jehanne de Craon dame de Rays" donated "le tiers de toute nostre terre" to "Girart Chabot cher sgr de Rays et de Machecoul" by charter dated 7 Oct 1284[669].  "Jehanne de Craon dame de Rays" consented to the marriage arranged by "nostre…espoux…Girart Chaboz cher sire de Rays et de Machecoul" between "Ysabeau nostre fille o Olivier de Machecoul, vallet"[670]m ([21 Nov 1274]) as his second wife, GERARD [II] Chabot, son of GERARD [I] Chabot Seigneur de Rays & his second wife Eustachie de Rays (-1298). 

b)         JEANNE de Craon .  The Chronicon Turonense records the betrothal in 1223 of "Arturo puero, filio Comitis Britanniæ" and "Amorricus de Credone, senescallus Andegaviæ, filiam unicam"[671]Betrothed (1223) to ARTHUR de Bretagne, son of PIERRE I "Mauclerc" Duke of Brittany & his first wife Alix de Thouars Dss of Brittany (1220-shortly after 1223). 

c)         ISABELLE de Craon (after 1223-).  Isabelle was born after the 1223 betrothal of her sister Jeanne, who was then described as "filiam unicam" (see above).  "Radulfum Fulgerium…et nobilis domina de Sabolio et Credone" agreed the marriage of "dom. Fulgeriarum" and "Isabella filia bonæ memoriæ Amauritii quondam domini Credonii" by charter dated Feb 1233[672].  Her name is confirmed by the Chronicon Savigniacense which records the birth of "Isabella uxorelicti Radulphi filium Iohannem" in 1230[673]m RAOUL [III] Seigneur de Fougères, son of GEOFFROY Seigneur de Fougères & his wife Mathilde de Porhoët (-24 Feb 1256, bur Sauvigny). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    SEIGNEURS de LANGEAIS

 

 

1.         ARCHAMBAUDSeigneur de Langeais.  “Archambaud seigneur de Langeais...Amable sa femme et...Girard leur fils” donated two serfs to Saint-Florent de Saumur by charter dated to [1022/55][674]m AMABLE, daughter of ---.  “Archambaud seigneur de Langeais...Amable sa femme et...Girard leur fils” donated two serfs to Saint-Florent de Saumur by charter dated to [1022/55][675].  Archambaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         GERARD .  “Archambaud seigneur de Langeais...Amable sa femme et...Girard leur fils” donated two serfs to Saint-Florent de Saumur by charter dated to [1022/55][676]

 

 

1.         HAMELIN [I] de Langeais {Langeais, Indre-et-Loire} (-after 1039).  m ---.  The name of Hamelin´s wife is not known.  Hamelin [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         GAUTHIER de Langeais (-after [1050/64]).  "Odo comes" [Eudes II Comte de Blois] donated the church of Saint-Médard dans le Vendômois to Saint-Martin, with the consent of "Salomon de Labarzinio, Walterius filius Hamelini, Burchardus", by charter dated to [1037], witnessed by "Herveus vicecomes…"[677].  "Gauterius quidam miles, filius Hamelini Lingiacum" granted two mills to Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou after killing "cognatum comitis Gosfridi…Guasfridum filium Moricii comitis" by charter dated 1039, Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme[678].  "Walterius, Hamelini filius" required the monks of Marmoutier to make further payments for the church of Naveil, commiting to obtain the consent of "suos fratres Thomam…et Fulcradum cum uxore sua Hersendam", by charter dated to [1050/64][679]m HERSENDE, daughter of ---.  "Walterius, Hamelini filius" required the monks of Marmoutier to make further payments for the church of Naveil, commiting to obtain the consent of "suos fratres Thomam…et Fulcradum cum uxore sua Hersendam", by charter dated to [1050/64][680].  Gauthier & his wife had three children: 

i)          HAMELIN [II] de Langeais (-after [1100]).  Land of "Hamelini filii Gualterii" is referred to in a charter dated to [1050] which confirms a purchase of property by Marmoutier from "femina Girberga…Ulrici Burgundionis…defuncti uxore", by charter dated to [1037], witnessed by "Herveus vicecomes…"[681]

-         see below

ii)         HUGUES .  "Hugonem fratrem Hamelini" claimed property at Sentier from Marmoutier by charter dated 1065[682].  "Hugues de Langeais" donated property to Bourgeuil, with the consent of "ses frères Hamelin et Geoffroi le doyen…son suzerain Geoffroi de Mayenne", by charter dated to [1068/82], subscribed by "comtesse Hameline"[683]

iii)        GEOFFROY de Langeais (-after 1082).  "Hugues de Langeais" donated property to Bourgeuil, with the consent of "ses frères Hamelin et Geoffroi le doyen…son suzerain Geoffroi de Mayenne", by charter dated to [1068/82], subscribed by "comtesse Hameline"[684]Bishop of Angers 1082. 

b)         THOMAS .  "Walterius, Hamelini filius" required the monks of Marmoutier to make further payments for the church of Naveil, commiting to obtain the consent of "suos fratres Thomam…et Fulcradum cum uxore sua Hersendam", by charter dated to [1050/64][685]

c)         FULCRAD .  "Walterius, Hamelini filius" required the monks of Marmoutier to make further payments for the church of Naveil, commiting to obtain the consent of "suos fratres Thomam…et Fulcradum cum uxore sua Hersendam", by charter dated to [1050/64][686]

 

 

HAMELIN [II] de Langeais, son of GAUTHIER de Langeais & his wife Hersende --- (-after [1100]).  Land of "Hamelini filii Gualterii" is referred to in a charter dated to [1050] which confirms a purchase of property by Marmoutier from "femina Girberga…Ulrici Burgundionis…defuncti uxore", by charter dated to [1037], witnessed by "Herveus vicecomes…"[687].  A charter dated 3 Jun 1040, which records the donation by "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" of "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, records that "Hamelinus de Langeia" succeeded as seigneur de Mondoubleau after the death of Hugues, and that "eius uxor Adriena, soror Hugonis" wanted to rescind part of the donation[688].  [A charter dated June 1051 records that "Hamelinus de Langiaco, Hamelinus, Hermendis uxoris suæ filius, Paganellus Hamelini filiaster" disputed Marmoutier´s rights to mills at "Colombiers, sur le Cher", signed by "Odo Turonensis et Blesensis comes…Gaufridus Andegavium comes…"[689].  This charter is anachronistic.  "Odo Turonensis et Blesensis comes" [Eudes II Comte de Blois] died in 1037, whereas "Gaufridus Andegavensium comes" [Geoffroy II "Martel Comte d´Anjou] succeeded in 1040.  In addition, the precise interpretation of the list of names "Hamelinus…filiaster" is difficult to find, in particular the reference to two persons named Hamelin.]  "Hamelinum de Lengiacis" challenged an agreement relating to the church of Naveil by charter dated to [1064][690].  A charter dated to [1066/75] records the settlement of yet more disputes between "Tetbaldus filius Letirii" and Marmoutier concerning the church of Naveil, with the consent of "Hamelinus…de Lengiaco"[691].  "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74], signed by "…Fulcherii de Monte Dublello, Rainardi fratris eius…"[692].  "…Hamelini de Longiaco…" witnessed a charter dated to [1068/78] which records the donation by "Burchardus de Cadurciis" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans[693].  "Hugues de Langeais" donated property to Bourgeuil, with the consent of "ses frères Hamelin et Geoffroi le doyen…son suzerain Geoffroi de Mayenne", by charter dated to [1068/82], subscribed by "comtesse Hameline"[694]Seigneur de Mondoubleau [1073/74].  A charter dated 15 Mar 1075 records that "Hamelinus de Langeia" succeeded "in honorem Hugoni" after returning from Rome confirmed donations to La Trinité de Vendôme, with the consent of "Adierna uxor eius, sororis…Hugonis"[695].  "Hamelinus Galterii filius" confirmed the churches of Gombergean and Lancôme to La Trinité de Vendôme, with the approval of "Helvisa conjux ipsius, filia Odonis Dublelli quæ nata illi fuerat de uxore sua, filia...Nihardi de Monteaureo", by charter dated 15 Jul 1081[696].  "Hamelinus de Langeia atque uxor eius Helvisa, Odonis Dublelli filia" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme, after the death of "filium…Gauterium" aged seven years, to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 19 Oct 1085[697].  "Hamelinus et filii eius…Petro…Philippus prior natu et Odo Duplellus" withdrew their claims against "Capellam-Anscherici" by charter dated to [1100][698]

m ([1042/44]) as her second husband, HELVISE de Mondoubleau, widow of NIVELON [II] [Paganus] de Fréteval, daughter of EUDES Seigneur de Mondoubleau & his wife Placentia de Montoire ([1020/25]-after 19 Oct 1085).  Her parentage and two marriages are confirmed by the charter dated to [1067/74] under which her second husband "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani"[699].  The issue is confused by a charter dated 3 Jun 1040, which records the donation by "Hugo Dublellus archidiaconus et Odo Dublellus frater eius" of "ecclesiam Sancti-Beati" to La Trinité de Vendôme, states that "Hamelinus de Langeia" succeeded as seigneur de Mondoubleau after the death of Hugues, that "eius uxor Adriena, soror Hugonis" wanted to rescind part of the donation, and that "Fredescendis filia Odonis Dublelli uxor Nivelongis Pagani, filii Nivelonis de Carnoto" wanted to rescind the donation after her husband was killed[700].  If this document is correct, Eudes de Mondoubleau had two daughters, "Adriana" married to Hamelin de Langeais and "Fredescendis" married to Nivelon de Fréteval.  However, the charter dated to [1067/74] quoted above names a single daughter "Helviza" who was the wife of "Pagani", by whom she had "Ilberti", and secondly of Hamelin.  A more remote possibility is that there were two sisters, both of whom married Hamelin in turn.  The question is clarified by the charter dated 15 Mar 1075 which records donations by "Hugo filius Odonis Dublelli" and by "Hamelinus de Langeia", with the consent of "Adierna uxor eius, sororis…Hugonis", and states that Hamelin succeeded "in honorem Hugoni" after the death of the latter[701].  This last document clarifies that Hamelin succeeded to Mondoubleau after returning from Rome which, the wording of the charter implies, was a relatively recent event.  If that is correct, there is insufficient time for Hamelin to have been married to two sisters, given that the supposed second sister was the mother of Ilbert by her former marriage.  The conclusion is therefore that the 3 Jun 1040 charter version of events must be incorrect, that Eudes de Mondoubleau had only one daughter, and that she was referred to as Helvise and Hodierna in different documents.  "Hamelinus de Langeia atque uxor eius Helvisa, Odonis Dublelli filia" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme, after the death of "filium…Gauterium" aged seven years, to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 19 Oct 1085[702]

Hamelin & his wife had seven children: 

1.         GAUTHIER de Langeais (-[1067/68]).  "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74][703].  It is assumed that Gauthier died soon after this charter, before the birth of his younger brother who was given the same name. 

2.         HERSENDE de Langeais .  "Hamelinus de Longiaco, pariterque uxor mea…Helviza, filia Odonis Dublelli" donated "[ecclesiam] Sancte Marie…Tufiacum" to the church of Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the soul of "Hugonis Dublelli minoris filii…Odonis Dublelli" who was buried at Saint-Vincent, with the consent of "filii nostri Wauterii et filie nostre Hersendis, meique privigni…Ilberti qui fuit filius Pagani", by charter dated to [1067/74][704]

3.         JULIENNE de Langeais (-after 7 Aug 1067).  "Geoffroi le Barbu…[et] Julienne son épouse" confirmed the donation by "Bouchard le Breton" to Saint-Nicolas d´Angers, by charter dated to after 14 Nov 1060[705].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated to [1068/82] under which "Hugues de Langeais", with the consent of "ses frères Hamelin et Geoffroi le doyen…son suzerain Geoffroi de Mayenne", donated property to Bourgeuil, subscribed by "comtesse Hameline", as well as a line of commentary in the cartulary of Bourgeuil which states that the subscriber was "filia Hamelini de Langiaco, uxor Goffridi Barbati comitis Andegav"[706].  "Geoffroi le Barbu…Juliette femme de Geoffroi et Foulque frère de Geoffroi" subscribed the charter dated 7 Aug 1067 which records the donation by "Robert de Sablé et sa femme Avoie" to Marmoutier[707]m (before 1060) GEOFFROY de Château-Landon, son of GEOFFROY II Comte de Gâtinais, Seigneur de Château-Landon & his wife Ermengarde d'Anjou ([1040]-[1096/97]).  He succeeded in [1060/67] as GEOFFROY III "le Barbu" Comte d'Anjou

4.         PHILIPPE de Langeais .  "Hamelinus et filii eius…Petro…Philippus prior natu et Odo Duplellus" withdrew their claims against "Capellam-Anscherici" by charter dated to [1100][708].  "…Philippus filius Hamelini de Langiaco…" witnessed the undated charter which records the settlement of a dispute between "Rotbertus filius Gausfredi Papa Bovem" and the monks of Marmoutier concerning one quarter of the church of Saint-Loup[709]

5.         PIERRE de Langeais (-after 1121).  "Hamelinus et filii eius…Petro…Philippus prior natu et Odo Duplellus" withdrew their claims against "Capellam-Anscherici" by charter dated to [1100][710].  Seigneur de Montoire. 

-        SEIGNEURS de MONTOIRE (SEIGNEURS de LANGEAIS)

6.         EUDES de Langeais .  "Hamelinus et filii eius…Petro…Philippus prior natu et Odo Duplellus" withdrew their claims against "Capellam-Anscherici" by charter dated to [1100][711].  

7.         GAUTHIER de Langeais .  "Hamelinus de Langeia atque uxor eius Helvisa, Odonis Dublelli filia" donated property to La Trinité de Vendôme, after the death of "filium…Gauterium" aged seven years, to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 19 Oct 1085[712].  His date of birth is not known, but considering the date of his parents´ marriage it is unlikely that he could have been born much later than the late 1060s. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    SEIGNEURS de MATHEFELON

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de MATHEFELON

 

 

1.         FOULQUES de Mathefelon (-before 1111).  "Monachis: …Widdone de Mathefelone…laicis: Fulchone de Mathefelone…" witnessed the charter dated to [1082/1106] which records the donation of a pond to Angers Saint-Aubin by "Rainaldus de Castro Gunterii"[713]Seigneur de Mathefelon.  An undated charter records an agreement between the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou and "Fulconis de Matefelone…et uxori sue Helisabeth", witnessed by "Samuele fratre Fulconis…", in a  later passage recording the confirmation of "Hugo filius eius" while Foulques was in Jerusalem, and subsequently the return of Foulques and his later donation "et filia Helisabeth", with the consent of "filio…uxoreque filii Adeloea filioque filii Teobaudo"[714].  "Fulco de Matefelon" founded the priory of Saint-Pierre de la Cropte "in villa…Cripta" for the abbey of Saint-Aubin, with the consent of "Samuel frater predicti Fulconis", and later confirmed by "Hugo…filius Fulconis", by undated charter[715].  "De baronibus Andegavensibus: Rainaldus de Castro Gunterii, Gosfridus Rorgonis, Paganus de Mirebello, Adam de Castello Ledi, Robertus Vestrollus, Fulco de Matefelon" are named as present in the charter dated 1095 which records a judgment by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d´Anjou which confirms the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers in its possession "du domaine de Pitrate, près Angers"[716].  A charter dated to [1106/14] records the judgment given by "Fulconis de Matefelone" and the abbot of Saint-Serge d´Angers concerning the division of the lock duties between the abbeys of Ronceray and Saint-Aubin d´Angers[717]m [firstly] HERSENDE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to [1100] states that "Hersendis uxor Fulconis de Matefelon" had "filium…Goslenum" who, Foulques claimed, was not his son[718]m [secondly] ELISABETH, daughter of ---.  An undated charter records an agreement between the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou and "Fulconis de Matefelone…et uxori sue Helisabeth", witnessed by "Samuele fratre Fulconis…"[719].  It is likely that Elisabeth was Foulques´s second wife, married after he separated from Hersende who was suspected of adultery (see above).  Foulques & his [first/second] wife had [three] children: 

a)         HUGUES de Mathefelon (-before 1140).  "Fulco de Matefelon" founded the priory of Saint-Pierre de la Cropte "in villa…Cripta" for the abbey of Saint-Aubin, with the consent of "Samuel frater predicti Fulconis", and later confirmed by "Hugo…filius Fulconis", by undated charter[720].  An undated charter records an agreement between the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou and "Fulconis de Matefelone…et uxori sue Helisabeth", witnessed by "Samuele fratre Fulconis…", in a  later passage recording the confirmation of "Hugo filius eius" while Foulques was in Jerusalem, and subsequently the return of Foulques and his later donation "et filia Helisabeth", with the consent of "filio…uxoreque filii Adeloea filioque filii Teobaudo"[721]Seigneur de Mathefelon.  A charter dated 1111 records that "Hugo filius eius" succeeded on the death of "Fulco de Matefelone" and donated property to Angers Saint-Laud with the consent of "Adelena uxore et filio eius Theobaldo suoque patruo Samuele"[722].  "Guido…et Cecilia uxor eius…et filius eorum Guido…Gervasiusque alius filius" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou, with the approval of "Hugo de Lavalle", by undated charter witnessed by "…Adelardus de Castro Gunterii, Hugo de Cretone, Hugo de Mathefelone…"[723].  "…Hubertus de Campania, Hugo de Matefelone…" witnessed the undated charter which records the judgment of "Fulconi comiti Juniori" (presumably referring to Foulques V Comte d´Anjou, probably soon after he succeeded his father in 1109 judging by the reference to "Juniori") relating to a claim by the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou concerning "S. Lambertum"[724].  "Samuel de Cripta", on his deathbed, donated property to the priory of Saint-Pierre de la Cropte, in the presence of "Hugo de Matefelon nepos eius", by charter dated 31 Aug 1118, which names "Fulco frater eius, pater ipsius Hugonis"[725]m ADELENA, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 1111 records that "Hugo filius eius" succeeded on the death of "Fulco de Matefelone" and donated property to Angers Saint-Laud with the consent of "Adelena uxore et filio eius Theobaldo suoque patruo Samuele"[726].  An undated charter records an agreement between the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou and "Fulconis de Matefelone…et uxori sue Helisabeth", witnessed by "Samuele fratre Fulconis…", in a  later passage recording the confirmation of "Hugo filius eius" while Foulques was in Jerusalem, and subsequently the return of Foulques and his later donation "et filia Helisabeth", with the consent of "filio…uxoreque filii Adeloea filioque filii Teobaudo"[727].  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

i)          THIBAUT de Mathefelon .  A charter dated 1111 records that "Hugo filius eius" succeeded on the death of "Fulco de Matefelone" and donated property to Angers Saint-Laud with the consent of "Adelena uxore et filio eius Theobaldo suoque patruo Samuele"[728].  An undated charter records an agreement between the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou and "Fulconis de Matefelone…et uxori sue Helisabeth", witnessed by "Samuele fratre Fulconis…", in a  later passage recording the confirmation of "Hugo filius eius" while Foulques was in Jerusalem, and subsequently the return of Foulques and his later donation "et filia Helisabeth", with the consent of "filio…uxoreque filii Adeloea filioque filii Teobaudo"[729]

b)         ELISABETH de Mathefelon .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m [as his first wife,] HUGUES de Champagne, son of HUBERT [de Champagne/de Durtal] & his wife Agnes Mangebreton (-[1152]). 

c)         [JOSCELIN .  A charter dated to [1100] states that "Hersendis uxor Fulconis de Matefelon" had "filium…Goslenum" who, Foulques claimed, was not his son[730].] 

2.         SAMUEL (-after 31 Aug 1118).  "Fulco de Matefelon" founded the priory of Saint-Pierre de la Cropte "in villa…Cripta" for the abbey of Saint-Aubin, with the consent of "Samuel frater predicti Fulconis", and later confirmed by "Hugo…filius Fulconis", by undated charter[731].  A charter dated 1111 records that "Hugo filius eius" succeeded on the death of "Fulco de Matefelone" and donated property to Angers Saint-Laud with the consent of "Adelena uxore et filio eius Theobaldo suoque patruo Samuele"[732].  "Samuel de Cripta", on his deathbed, donated property to the priory of Saint-Pierre de la Cropte, in the presence of "Hugo de Matefelon nepos eius", by charter dated 31 Aug 1118, which names "Fulco frater eius, pater ipsius Hugonis"[733]

3.         [GUY de Mathefelon (-after 1082).  "Monachis: …Widdone de Mathefelone…laicis: Fulchone de Mathefelone…" witnessed the charter dated to [1082/1106] which records the donation of a pond to Angers Saint-Aubin by "Rainaldus de Castro Gunterii"[734].  Monk at Saint-Aubin d´Angers.  "De monachis: …Widone de Matefelon…" witnessed the charter dated to [1093/1101] under which "Herberti vicecomitis de Toarcio" renounced his rights to Méron in favour of the abbey of Angers Saint-Aubin[735].] 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de MATHEFELON (CHAMPAGNE/CHAMPIGNÉ)

 

 

1.         HUBERT [I] d´Arnay, son of --- m as her first husband, EREMBURGE Dame de Vihers, daughter of AUBRY [I] & his wife ---.  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe, recording that Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou granted "curtem…de Baissiaco" to "Hucberto de Arnaitto" when he married "Aremburgam consanguineam suam" and that "Albericus" (indicating Aubry [I] Seigneur de Vihiers) granted "curtem Campigniaci" to "Herveio de Sablulio cognomento Rasorio" with "Aremburga consanguinea comitis", at the request of "Gaufridi de Sablulio"[736].  The document does not specify the parentage of Eremburge but it appears to be a reasonable assumption that she was the daughter of Aubry [I], although it is curious that the document does not specify the relationship.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Eremburge, wife of Hervé de Sablé, was the daughter of Aubry [I][737].  Ménage states that, "selon l´Abbé le Laboureur", Hervé de Sablé married "Eremburge dame de Vihers…[en] Anjou…fille…d´Alberic de Monmorenci Connestable de France sous Henri I…fîs de Bouchard II Seigneur de Montmorenci et de la Dame de Chasteau-Basset"[738].  From a chronological point of view, Ménage´s view of Eremburge´s parentage is improbable, considering the accession of Henri I King of France in 1031.  She married secondly Hervé de Sablé "Rasorius".  Hubert & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUBERT [II] d´Arnay "Rasorius" (-killed in battle Pontlevoy 6 Jul 1016).  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers which recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe names "Hucbertus Rasorius" as the son of "Hucberto de Arnaitto" and his wife "Aremburgam consanguineam [comitis]", adding in a later passage that Hubert Rasorius was killed "ad prelium Pontilevense"[739].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records the battle of "Pontelivis inter Odonem et Fulconem consules pridie Non Jul" in 1016[740]m --- de Lude, daughter of ISEMBARD Seigneur de Lude & his wife ---.  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers which recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe records that "Hucbertus Rasorius" married "filia Issembardi de Lusdo, neptis Issembardi de Bello Videre"[741].  Hubert [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)          HUBERT de Champagne (late 1016-).  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers which recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe names "Hucbertus de Campania" as the posthumous son of "Hucbertus Rasorius" and his wife "filia Issembardi de Lusdo, neptis Issembardi de Bello Videre"[742].  A charter dated to [1038/55] records that "domini ipsius…Hucberti…atque uxori suæ" authorised "Frotmundo cognomento Graslardo" to sell "terram de Altari…ad Campigniacum" to "Walterius loci sancti Albini abbas"[743].  A charter dated to [1039/55] records an agreement between "Hucbertum nepotem Isembardi de Lusdio" and Saint-Aubin concerning "ecclesia et bosco de Pinciaco" and "ecclesiam de Campigniaco" held by "Aremburgis amita eius"[744]

b)         EREMBURGE .  A charter dated to [1039/55] records an agreement between "Hucbertum nepotem Isembardi de Lusdio" and Saint-Aubin concerning "ecclesia et bosco de Pinciaco" and "ecclesiam de Campigniaco" held by "Aremburgis amita eius"[745]

 

 

Brother and sister, parents not yet identified: 

1.         HUBERT de Champagne (-after 13 Apr 1159).  A charter dated 11 Jul [1082/1106] records the settlement of a dispute between "Hucbertus de Campigniaco filius Hucberti Bloii" and the monks of Saint-Aubin relating to "apud Campigniacum" to sell "terram de Altari…ad Campigniacum" to "Walterius loci sancti Albini abbas"[746].  An undated charter records that "Hubertus Campanus" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou when "filiam suam…Altrudem" became a nun there[747].  "…Hubertus de Campania, Hugo de Matefelone…" witnessed the undated charter which records the judgment of "Fulconi comiti Juniori" (presumably referring to Foulques V Comte d´Anjou, probably soon after he succeeded his father in 1109 judging by the reference to "Juniori") relating to a claim by the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou concerning "S. Lambertum"[748].  A charter dated [13/14] Apr 1159 records a judgment in the court of Henry II King of England ordering the return to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou of "burgi Cepie et decimam totius castellarie Matefelonis" by "Hubertus de Campania", witnessed by "Robertus de Sableio…"[749]m ---.  The name of Hubert´s wife is not known.  Hubert & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGUES de Champagne dit de Mathefelon (-[1152]).  A charter dated to [1190] records the agreement between "Hugonem de Matefelon" and the prior of Gouis relating to the property of the priory, naming "Huberto patri suo"[750].  The agreement between "Hugo de Mathefelon, filius Hucberti de Campania" and the prior of Gouis relating to the property of the priory is recorded in a charter dated to [1190][751]Seigneur de Mathefelonm [firstly] ELISABETH de Mathefelon, daughter of FOULQUES Seigneur de Mathefelon & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   [m secondly (after [1140]) as her second husband, MARQUISE, widow of HUGUES Sire de Craon, daughter of ---.  This second marriage is indicated by the charter dated 1191 under which her son "Mauricius…filius Hugonis et Marquisiæ, Credonensis dominus" donated property to Saint-Nicholas de Craon on the death of "fratris sui Fulconis de Matefelon"[752].  It appears possible to explain the relationship if Foulques de Mathefelon was the uterine brother of Maurice de Craon, born from his mother´s marriage to a member of the Mathefelon family.  If this hypothesis is correct, from a chronological point of view Hugues de Champagne appears to be the best candidate, especially as his death in [1152] would have given time for Marquise´s third marriage.  She married [thirdly] Payen de Vaiges.  Her [third] marriage is indicated by the charter dated 1162 under which her son "Mauritius de Credonio" donated property to "monachis sancti Melanii", at the request of "Marquisiæ matris meæ et Gaufredi de Poëncio nepotis mei et Paganus de Vegia", signed by "…Pagano de Vegia et Marquisia matre mea eius uxore…"[753].]  Hugues & his [first] wife had one child: 

i)          THIBAUT [II] de Mathefelon (-1197 or after)Seigneur de Mathefelon.  "Theobaldus de Matefelon" donated property "in terra domini Juhelli" to the abbey of Clarei by undated charter[754]m as her second husband, MATHILDE de Mayenne, divorced wife of ANDRE [I] Seigneur de Vitré, daughter of GEOFFROY Seigneur de Mayenne & his first wife Constance de Bretagne.  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [1204] under which her son "Theobaldus de Mathefelon" ratified donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "dominus Juhellus de Meduana…avunculus meus"[755].  Thibaut & his wife had three children: 

(a)       THIBAUT [III] (-[May 1238/Dec 1239]).  "Theobaldus de Mathefelon" ratified donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "dominus Juhellus de Meduana…avunculus meus" by charter dated to [1204][756].  "Theobaldus de Mathefelon" donated property to Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "uxoris suæ Agnetis", by charter dated 1204[757].  "Theobaudus de Mathefelon" renounced various rights in favour of Azé et du Genétil, in the presence of "Gaufridus de Mathefelon, Fulco de Mathefelon fratres mei", by charter dated 1216[758]m firstly (before 1191) AGNES de Craon, daughter of MAURICE [II] Sire de Craon & his wife Isabelle de Meulan (-1205 or before).  "Mauritius de Credone filius Hugonis" appointed "meæ uxoris Isabel" as guardian of his lands and his children in his undated testament, in which he named "Agnes…filia mea" who would receive "terram meam de Anglia" as her dowry[759].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1216 under which "Amauricius dominus Credonis" consented to a donation by "Theobaldus de Matefelon" for the soul of "Agnetis quondam uxoris suæ et sororis meæ"[760].  "Theobaldus de Mathefelon" donated property to Fontaine-Daniel, for the soul of "uxoris suæ Agnetis", by charter dated 1204[761]m m secondly (before 1218) LUCE de l´Aigle, daughter of --- (-16 Dec after 1244).  Dame de Loué et de Loiron. 

(b)       GEOFFROY de Mathefelon (-after 1229).  "Theobaudus de Mathefelon" renounced various rights in favour of Azé et du Genétil, in the presence of "Gaufridus de Mathefelon, Fulco de Mathefelon fratres mei", by charter dated 1216[762].  "Gaufridus de Mathefelon miles" donated property to Fontaine-Daniel for the soul of "uxoris meæ" by charter dated 1229[763]m ---.  The name of Geoffroy´s wife is not known.  "Gaufridus de Mathefelon miles" donated property to Fontaine-Daniel for the soul of "uxoris meæ" by charter dated 1229[764]

(c)       FOULQUES de Mathefelon (-after 1216).  "Theobaudus de Mathefelon" renounced various rights in favour of Azé et du Genétil, in the presence of "Gaufridus de Mathefelon, Fulco de Mathefelon fratres mei", by charter dated 1216[765]

Hugues & his [second wife had one child]: 

ii)         [FOULQUES de Mathefelon (-before 1191).  "Mauricius…filius Hugonis et Marquisiæ, Credonensis dominus" donated property to Saint-Nicholas de Craon on the death of "fratris sui Fulconis de Matefelon" by charter dated 1191[766].] 

b)         ALTRUDE .  An undated charter records that "Hubertus Campanus" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou when "filiam suam…Altrudem" became a nun there[767]

2.         BARBOTA .  An undated charter records that "Hubertus Campanus" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou when "filiam suam…Altrudem" became a nun there, as well as the donation made by "domna Barbota soror Huberti Campani et filius eius Willermus"[768]m ---.  One child: 

a)         GUILLAUME .  An undated charter records that "Hubertus Campanus" donated property to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou when "filiam suam…Altrudem" became a nun there, as well as the donation made by "domna Barbota soror Huberti Campani et filius eius Willermus"[769]

 

 

1.         FOULQUES [II] de Mathefelon (-[Jul 1273/1282])Seigneur de Mathefelon.  "Foulques de Mathefelon chevalier et Alicie sa femme et Thibaut leurs fils aîné" sold their rights over the river Loire to "Charles de France roi de Sicile et comte d´Anjou" by charter dated Jul 1273[770]Betrothed ([1229]) to EUSTACHIE de Vitré, daughter of ANDRE [III] Seigneur de Vitré & his first wife Catherine de Thouars.  "André de Vitré" confirmed by letter dated [1229] that he had promised "…sa seconde fille à Foulques de Mathefelon…"[771]m (before Jun 1248) ALIX de Vitré, daughter of ANDRE [III] Seigneur de Vitré & his first wife Catherine de Thouars (-after 1270).  "Foulques de Mathefelon chevalier et Alicie sa femme et Thibaut leurs fils aîné" sold their rights over the river Loire to "Charles de France roi de Sicile et comte d´Anjou" by charter dated Jul 1273[772].  Foulques [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)         THIBAUT .  "Foulques de Mathefelon chevalier et Alicie sa femme et Thibaut leurs fils aîné" sold their rights over the river Loire to "Charles de France roi de Sicile et comte d´Anjou" by charter dated Jul 1273[773]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    SEIGNEURS de MONTREUIL

 

 

1.         BERLAY [I] de Montreuil, son of --- m --- de Saumur, daughter --- Seigneur de Saumur & his wife ---.  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Aanordim filiam Berlai de Musteriolo ortam ex sorore Gelduini de Salmurio" as the wife of "Hugonis de Sancta Maria"[774].  Berlay & his wife had one child: 

a)         ANORDISm HUGUES de Sainte-Marie, son of ---.  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

i)          GOSCELIN de Sainte-Marie .  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Gosselinum et Hugonem" as sons of "Hugonis de Sancta Maria" & his wife, specifying that Goscelin married "Quasimotam…hereditario oppidus Haiæ et viceconsulatus Turonis"[775]m QUASIMODA, daughter of ---. 

ii)         HUGUES de Sainte-Marie .  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Gosselinum et Hugonem" as sons of "Hugonis de Sancta Maria" & his wife[776]

 

 

1.         BERLAY [II] (-5 Nov [1051/52])Seigneur de MontreuilThe Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the death of "Bellaius dominus Mosterolii castri", his burial in the abbey, and the donation by "huius coniux…Griscia postea Andegavensis comitissa" with the consent of "filiis suis Giraldo, Andegavis in Can Domini…interfecto, et Rainaldo multo post Remensium archiepiscopo"[777].  Although undated, this follows a passage recording an event in 1051.  The necrology of the church of Reims records the death "Non Nov" of "Berlaius pater domini Rainoldi archiepiscopi[778].  [m firstly ---.  No proof has been found of this earlier marriage.  However, the chronology suggests strongly that Eustachie, assuming that it is confirmed that she was Berlay's daughter, could not have been the daughter of Grace.]  m [secondly] as her first husband, GRACE, daughter of --- (-26 Apr ----).  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.  Her origin is not known.  However, a clue is provided by a document which recounts the dispute between "Capitulum S. Martini Turonensis" and "Radulphum eiusdem urbis Archiepiscopum", which names "Reginaldi…filii Græciæ" as Thesaurarius of the church of Tours Saint-Martin and "Gaufridi…avunculi Reginaldi Thesaurarii…qui postea Episcopus Andegavensis permansit" as Cantor[779].  She married secondly (before 15 Aug 1052, divorced) as his [second/third] wife, Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d'Anjou.  A charter of Ronceray records that Geoffroy "Martel" failed to restore to the abbey property donated by his mother, but rather gave it to "suis eas concubinis…quam uxoribus…Agneti primo, deinde Grecie, postea Adele comitis filie Odonis, item denuo Grecie, postremo Adelaidi Theutonice"[780], which implies that Grace may have been the mistress of Geoffroy during the lifetime of her first husband.  The necrology of Angers Cathedral records the death "VII Kal Mai" of "Grecia primus comitissa uxor Gauffridi Martelli postea sanctimonialis"[781].  The necrology of Reims records the death “VII Kal Mai” of “Grecia mater domini Rainaldi archiepiscopi[782].  Berlay & his [first] wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [EUSTACHIE [de Montreuil] (-after 1038, bur Notre Dame de Poitiers).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  According to Richard, the theory that the wife of Duke Guillaume VI was the daughter of Berlay [III] de Montreuil & his [first] wife is unsupported by primary sources[783].  The same author emphasises that, if the Montreuil origin is correct, Eustachie could not have been the daughter of Berlay's wife Grace, who married secondly in [1052] while "still young", but he does give his reasons for this observation.  "…Willelmi comitis, Eustachie…" subscribed a charter dated 1030 or 1031 under which "Raingardis" donated property "in pago Pictavo et in vicaria Ygrandinse in villa…Targiacus" to St Cyprien[784].  Eustachie is named with her husband in the records of a lawsuit while Robert I King of France still reigned[785].  "…Willelmi comitis Pictavensi…Eustachiæ comitissæ, Alæ comitissæ sororem Willelmi comitis" subscribed a charter dated 5 Dec [1031/33] under which "Willelmus Engelbertus et Willelmus filius Ansemi, nomine Lambertum, et sororem eius…Abba" donated property to Saint-Maixent[786].  "Eusthacia comitissa per mandatum domni mei Willelmi ducis" who was "positus in captione" donated property to Saint-Maixent by charter dated [1033/36] subscribed by "domni Willelmi comitis [despite his absence in captivity] Eustachiæ comitissæ, domni Hisemberti, Ala comitissæ…"[787]m (before 20 Jul 1031) GUILLAUME VI Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME IV Comte de Poitou], son of GUILLAUME V Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME III Comte de Poitou] & his first wife Adelmode de Limoges ([1004]-15 Dec 1038, bur Maillezais, Abbaye de Saint-Pierre).] 

Berlay & his [second] wife had two children: 

b)         GERAUD (-killed in battle Anjou after [1051/52]).  The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the death of "Bellaius dominus Mosterolii castri" and the donation by "huius coniux…Griscia postea Andegavensis comitissa" with the consent of "filiis suis Giraldo, Andegavis in Can Domini…interfecto, et Rainaldo multo post Remensium archiepiscopo"[788]m ADA, daughter of ---.  Ménage records that Géraud, son of Berlay [II], married "Ade ou Adeline" who is named in a charter of Saint-Nicolas d´Angers dated 1136[789]

-        see below

c)         RENAUD (-21 Jan 1096).  The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the death of "Bellaius dominus Mosterolii castri" and the donation by "huius coniux…Griscia postea Andegavensis comitissa" with the consent of "filiis suis Giraldo, Andegavis in Can Domini…interfecto, et Rainaldo multo post Remensium archiepiscopo"[790].  A document which recounts the dispute between "Capitulum S. Martini Turonensis" and "Radulphum eiusdem urbis Archiepiscopum" names "Reginaldi…filii Græciæ…qui post Remensis Archiepiscopus fuit" as Thesaurarius of the church of Tours Saint-Martin[791]Seigneur de Montreuil.  "Rainaldus Sancti Martini Turonensis thesaurarius et Berlaius nepos meus" renounced rights relating to "curte de Mairono" in favour of the monks of Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated [1080/82] which names "Ursoni de Monasteriolo…Gretia neptis mea"[792]Archbishop of Reims 1085.  The necrology of Reims records the death “XII Kal Feb” of “dominus Rainaldus...Remorum archiepiscopus” and his donation[793]

 

 

GERAUD de Montreuil, son of BERLAY [II] Seigneur de Montreuil & his [second] wife Grace --- (-killed in battle Anjou after [1051/52]).  The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the death of "Bellaius dominus Mosterolii castri" and the donation by "huius coniux…Griscia postea Andegavensis comitissa" with the consent of "filiis suis Giraldo, Andegavis in Can Domini…interfecto, et Rainaldo multo post Remensium archiepiscopo"[794]

m ADA, daughter of ---.  Ménage records that Géraud, son of Berlay [II], married "Ade ou Adeline" who is named in a charter of Saint-Nicolas d´Angers dated 1136[795]

Géraud & his wife had three children: 

1.         BERLAY [III] de Montreuil (-after 19 Dec 1116).  "Rainaldus Sancti Martini Turonensis thesaurarius et Berlaius nepos meus" renounced rights relating to "curte de Mairono" in favour of the monks of Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated [1080/82] which names "Ursoni de Monasteriolo…Gretia neptis mea"[796].  "Berlaius dominus Monasterioli" restored property to the monks of Saint-Aubin d'Angers, in application of the preceding charter, by charter dated 15 May 1087, witnessed by "Ursoni de Monasteriolo…"[797].  A charter dated to after 1087 confirmed the rights of the monks of Méron as agreed by "Rainaldo tesaurario…[et] Berlaius nepos eius"[798].  "Berlaius dominus Mosterolii" exempted the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "Galerandi fratris sui", by charter dated to [1110], signed by "Chevrerie uxoris sue, Agnetis filie sue, Girardi filii sui, Berlai filii sui"[799].  "Berlæius de Monasteriolo" shared serfs with the canons of the church of Angers by charter dated 19 Dec 1116, signed by "Giraldus filius Berlaii et domina Orgoillosa uxor Berlaii…"[800].  “Berlaius de Monasteriolo et Geraudus filius eius, Hernulfus de Monte Gomeri” witnessed the charter dated to [1118/26] whcih records that “Herbertum de Wircha generum Goffirdi de Asceio” confirmed the donation of the church of Saint-Médard de Vernie to Angers Saint-Nicolas by “Goffridus de Asceio et uxor sua filia Willelmi de Verneia[801]m ORGUEILLEUSE, daughter of --- (-after 19 Dec 1116).  "Berlæius de Monasteriolo" shared serfs with the canons of the church of Angers by charter dated 19 Dec 1116, signed by "Giraldus filius Berlaii et domina Orgoillosa uxor Berlaii…"[802].  Berlay & his wife had three children: 

a)         AGNES de Montreuil .  "Berlaius dominus Mosterolii" exempted the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "Galerandi fratris sui", by charter dated to [1110], signed by "Chevrerie uxoris sue, Agnetis filie sue, Girardi filii sui, Berlai filii sui"[803].  The position of Agnes in the list of subscribers suggests relative seniority to her brothers, maybe because she was born from an earlier marriage. 

b)         GERARD de Montreuil .  "Berlaius dominus Mosterolii" exempted the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "Galerandi fratris sui", by charter dated to [1110], signed by "Chevrerie uxoris sue, Agnetis filie sue, Girardi filii sui, Berlai filii sui"[804].  "Berlæius de Monasteriolo" shared serfs with the canons of the church of Angers by charter dated 19 Dec 1116, signed by "Giraldus filius Berlaii et domina Orgoillosa uxor Berlaii…"[805].  “Berlaius de Monasteriolo et Geraudus filius eius, Hernulfus de Monte Gomeri” witnessed the charter dated to [1118/26] whcih records that “Herbertum de Wircha generum Goffirdi de Asceio” confirmed the donation of the church of Saint-Médard de Vernie to Angers Saint-Nicolas by “Goffridus de Asceio et uxor sua filia Willelmi de Verneia[806]

c)         BERLAY de Montreuil .  "Berlaius dominus Mosterolii" exempted the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "Galerandi fratris sui", by charter dated to [1110], signed by "Chevrerie uxoris sue, Agnetis filie sue, Girardi filii sui, Berlai filii sui"[807]

2.         GALERAND (-before [1110]).  "Berlaius dominus Mosterolii" exempted the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "Galerandi fratris sui", by charter dated to [1110][808]

3.         GRACE de Montreuil (-after 1080).  "Rainaldus Sancti Martini Turonensis thesaurarius et Berlaius nepos meus" renounced rights relating to "curte de Mairono" in favour of the monks of Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated [1080/82] which names "Ursoni de Monasteriolo…Gretia neptis mea"[809]

 

 

1.         BERLAY de Montreuil (-after 1184).  "Girardus de Chaurciis" donated part of the mill of Champigny to the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars from duties, for the soul of "filii sui Guillelmi", with the consent of "Berlaio Mosterolii", by charter dated to [1173], signed by "Petronilla uxor Girardi de Chaurcii, cum filiis et filiabus suis Goffredo…Aimerico, Girardo, Avis, Johanna, Agnete, cum reliquis duobus in domo sua Chaurciis"[810].  "Goffredum de Chaorciis" renounced certain rights over "terries de Cellis" in favour of the abbey of Saint-Laon de Thouars, with the consent of "Dominus Berlaius", by charter dated 1184, signed by "G. de Chaorciis, Amer sui fratris"[811]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    SEIGNEURS de ROCHECORBON

 

 

 

1.         CORBON (-after 1007).  "Adelsendis, Corbonis uxor, et eorum filii Corbo, Audoenus et Tetbaldus cum filiabus suis" signed the charter dated to [1007/15] which records an agreement between "Sichardus abbas Majoris Monasterii" and "Dodone Corbonensis præposito" relating to mills "ad ripam Brennæ sitis"[812]m ADELSENDIS, daughter of ---.  "Adelsendis, Corbonis uxor, et eorum filii Corbo, Audoenus et Tetbaldus cum filiabus suis" signed the charter dated to [1007/15] which records an agreement between "Sichardus abbas Majoris Monasterii" and "Dodone Corbonensis præposito" relating to mills "ad ripam Brennæ sitis"[813].  Corbon & his wife had five or more children: 

a)         CORBON [II] .  "Adelsendis, Corbonis uxor, et eorum filii Corbo, Audoenus et Tetbaldus cum filiabus suis" signed the charter dated to [1007/15] which records an agreement between "Sichardus abbas Majoris Monasterii" and "Dodone Corbonensis præposito" relating to mills "ad ripam Brennæ sitis"[814]

b)         HARDOUIN (-after 6 Dec 1064).  "Adelsendis, Corbonis uxor, et eorum filii Corbo, Audoenus et Tetbaldus cum filiabus suis" signed the charter dated to [1007/15] which records an agreement between "Sichardus abbas Majoris Monasterii" and "Dodone Corbonensis præposito" relating to mills "ad ripam Brennæ sitis"[815].  "Harduini militis" donated part of the islands opposite Marmoutier to the abbey by charter dated to before 1032, signed by "Odo comes, Gaufridus de Sancto Aniano, Harduinus, Tetbaldus frater eius, Nivelo de Castro Dunensi"[816]"...Harduini..." subscribed the charter dated to [1032/37] under which Eudes I Comte de Blois donated “alodum de Camartio” to Marmoutier[817].  "Odonis comitis…Gaufredi vicecomitis, Gaufredi filii eius, Harduini filii Corbonis" signed a charter dated 17 Dec 1064 (presumably redateable to before 1037 because of "Odonis comitis" [Eudes II Comte de Blois?]) relating to serfs of Marmoutier[818].  "Harduinus de Rupibus…suos filios Harduinum Sancti Martini canonicum atque Theobaldum militem" relinquished rights relating to the land of the abbey of Nouzilly by charter dated 1058, signed by "Guanilonis et Rainaldi nepotum eius…Drogo, Gofridus filius Bernardi Blodi…"[819].  "…Harduino clerico, Theobaldi fratre" signed the charter dated 6 Dec 1064 which records disputes between Marmoutier and "Theobaldus Harduini frater de Rupibus Corbonis", relating to rights of pasturage on "l´île Thibaut"[820]m ---.  The name of Hardouin´s wife is not known.  Hardouin & his wife had two children: 

i)          THIBAUT .  "Harduinus de Rupibus…suos filios Harduinum Sancti Martini canonicum atque Theobaldum militem" relinquished rights relating to the land of the abbey of Nouzilly by charter dated 1058[821].  A charter dated 1062 records that "Tetbaldus de Rupibus et frater eius Harduinus, filii Harduini" renounced their claims to "la terre d´Avantigny" in favour of Tours Saint-Julien, with the consent of "suo seniore Harduino"[822]

ii)         HARDOUIN .  "Harduinus de Rupibus…suos filios Harduinum Sancti Martini canonicum atque Theobaldum militem" relinquished rights relating to the land of the abbey of Nouzilly by charter dated 1058[823].  A charter dated 1062 records that "Tetbaldus de Rupibus et frater eius Harduinus, filii Harduini" renounced their claims to "la terre d´Avantigny" in favour of Tours Saint-Julien, with the consent of "suo seniore Harduino"[824]

c)         THIBAUT [I] (-before 1088).  "Adelsendis, Corbonis uxor, et eorum filii Corbo, Audoenus et Tetbaldus cum filiabus suis" signed the charter dated to [1007/15] which records an agreement between "Sichardus abbas Majoris Monasterii" and "Dodone Corbonensis præposito" relating to mills "ad ripam Brennæ sitis"[825]Seigneur de Rochecorbon.  "Harduini militis" donated part of the islands opposite Marmoutier to the abbey by charter dated to before 1032, signed by "Odo comes, Gaufridus de Sancto Aniano, Harduinus, Tetbaldus frater eius, Nivelo de Castro Dunensi"[826].  "Theobaldus de Rupibus" renounced his claim to "allodum de Nozilliaco" which "primogenitores mei" had donated to Tours Saint-Julien, with the consent of "fratris mei Harduini clerici…comitis Goffridi Dominique mei Gaulfredi Pruliacensis", by charter dated 1064 signed by "Gaulfredi de Prulliaco thesaurarius Sancti Martini"[827].  A charter dated 6 Dec 1064 which records disputes between Marmoutier and "Theobaldus Harduini frater de Rupibus Corbonis", relating to rights of pasturage on "l´île Thibaut", which records that Thibaut was encouraged by "uxoris suæ Gaufridi de Prulliaco filia", signed by "…Harduino clerico, Theobaldi fratre"[828]m firstly --- de Preuilly, daughter of [GEOFFROY [II] Seigneur de Preuilly & his wife Almodis ---] (-after 6 Dec 1064).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 6 Dec 1064 which records disputes between Marmoutier and "Theobaldus Harduini frater de Rupibus Corbonis", relating to rights of pasturage on "l´île Thibaut", which records that Thibaut was encouraged by "uxoris suæ Gaufridi de Prulliaco filia", signed by "…Harduino clerico, Theobaldi fratre"[829].  The date of the charter suggests that her father was Geoffroy [II] de Preuilly but this is not free from doubt.  m secondly (after 1064) SIBYLLE d´Amboise, daughter of LISOIS de Bazoges Seigneur de Chaumont-sur-Loire & his wife Hersende de Buzançais.  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Eufemiam, Sibillam et Elisabeth" as the three daughters of Lisois & his wife, specifying that Sibylle married "Theobaldus filius Corbonis" by whom she had "Robertum de Rupibus"[830].  Thibaut [I] & his second wife had [two] children: 

i)          ROBERT [I] (-after 1108).  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Eufemiam, Sibillam et Elisabeth" as the three daughters of Lisois & his wife, specifying that Sibylle married "Theobaldus filius Corbonis" by whom she had "Robertum de Rupibus"[831]Seigneur de Rochecorbon

-         see below

ii)         [MELISENDE (-after 1097).  "Hugo de Ambassiaco miles Ebrardi filius" donated property revenue from "apud Mesliacum" on leaving for Jerusalem by acte dated "anno XIII ordinationis Bernardi abbatis" [1097], signed by "Elizabetha Hugonis matre et eiusdem nepote Geraldo, filio Gaufridi de Malliaco, cognate suo, Hervei filio, et Milscendis de Rupibus"[832].] 

d)         [--- .  m ---.]  Two children: 

i)          GUANILO (-after 1058).  "Harduinus de Rupibus…suos filios Harduinum Sancti Martini canonicum atque Theobaldum militem" relinquished rights relating to the land of the abbey of Nouzilly by charter dated 1058, signed by "Guanilonis et Rainaldi nepotum eius…Drogo, Gofridus filius Bernardi Blodi…"[833]

ii)         RENAUD (-after 1058).  "Harduinus de Rupibus…suos filios Harduinum Sancti Martini canonicum atque Theobaldum militem" relinquished rights relating to the land of the abbey of Nouzilly by charter dated 1058, signed by "Guanilonis et Rainaldi nepotum eius…Drogo, Gofridus filius Bernardi Blodi…"[834]

e)         daughters .  "Adelsendis, Corbonis uxor, et eorum filii Corbo, Audoenus et Tetbaldus cum filiabus suis" signed the charter dated to [1007/15] which records an agreement between "Sichardus abbas Majoris Monasterii" and "Dodone Corbonensis præposito" relating to mills "ad ripam Brennæ sitis"[835]

 

 

ROBERT [I] de Rochecorbon, son of THIBAUT [I] Seigneur de Rochecorbon & his second wife Sybille d´Amboise (-after 1108).  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Eufemiam, Sibillam et Elisabeth" as the three daughters of Lisois & his wife, specifying that Sibylle married "Theobaldus filius Corbonis" by whom she had "Robertum de Rupibus"[836]Seigneur de Rochecorbon.  "Fulco comes Andegavensis, Sigelranus constabularius eius, Robertus de Rupibus, Gauzbertus de Calvimonte præpositus" signed the undated charter which records the consecration of the church of Marmoutier by Pope Urban II[837].  Pope Urban is recorded in Tours in early Mar 1096 (N.S.) from where he addressed letters dated 4, 14, 20, 21 and 24 Mar 1096[838].  A charter dated 1108 records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine, witnessed by "Petrus de Calvimonte, Gaufridus de Malliaco, Odo filius eius, Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata"[839]

m as her second husband, MAYENCE, widow of DREUX, daughter of --- (-after 1108).  "…Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata" witnessed the charter dated 1108 which records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine[840]

Robert & his wife had six children: 

1.         THIBAUT [II] .  "…Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata" witnessed the charter dated 1108 which records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine[841]Seigneur de Rochecorbon.  A charter dated Dec 1168 records the consecration of the chapel on the island in the river Loire opposite Marmoutier, names "Robertus de Rupibus" as a benefactor of the monastery and records that "Tetbaldus filius eius" donated the island, signed by "Tetbaldus filius Alexandri de Rupibus, Robertus et Sulpitius, filii Roberti de Brenna"[842]

2.         ROBERT [II] (-after 1179).  "…Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata" witnessed the charter dated 1108 which records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine[843]

-        see below

3.         SULPICE .  "…Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata" witnessed the charter dated 1108 which records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine[844].  A charter dated Dec 1168 records the consecration of the chapel on the island in the river Loire opposite Marmoutier, names "Robertus de Rupibus" as a benefactor of the monastery and records that "Tetbaldus filius eius" donated the island, signed by "Tetbaldus filius Alexandri de Rupibus, Robertus et Sulpitius, filii Roberti de Brenna"[845]

4.         GUANILO .  "…Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata" witnessed the charter dated 1108 which records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine[846]

5.         SIBYLLE .  "…Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata" witnessed the charter dated 1108 which records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine[847]

6.         LUCIE .  "…Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata" witnessed the charter dated 1108 which records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine[848]

 

 

1.         ALEXANDRE des Rochesm ---.  The name of Alexandre´s wife is not known.  Alexandre & his wife had one child: 

a)         THIBAUT (-after Dec 1168).  A charter dated Dec 1168 records the consecration of the chapel on the island in the river Loire opposite Marmoutier, names "Robertus de Rupibus" as a benefactor of the monastery and records that "Tetbaldus filius eius" donated the island, signed by "Tetbaldus filius Alexandri de Rupibus, Robertus et Sulpitius, filii Roberti de Brenna"[849]

 

 

ROBERT [II] de Rochecorbon, son of ROBERT [I] Seigneur de Rochecorbon & his wife Mayence --- (-after 1179).  "…Magentia, uxor Roberti, Tetbaldus, Robertus, Sulpicius, Guanilo, Sybilla et Lucia, filii et filiæ Roberti de Rupibus, Gaufridus filius Drogonis, frater eorum ex matre, se prius Drogoni desponsata" witnessed the charter dated 1108 which records a dispute between "Robertum de Rupibus" and Marmoutier relating to the sale of wine[850].  Seigneur de Brenne, de iure uxoris.  A charter dated Dec 1168 records the consecration of the chapel on the island in the river Loire opposite Marmoutier, names "Robertus de Rupibus" as a benefactor of the monastery and records that "Tetbaldus filius eius" donated the island, signed by "Tetbaldus filius Alexandri de Rupibus, Robertus et Sulpitius, filii Roberti de Brenna"[851]

m LUCIE de Mézières dame de Brenne, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

Robert [II] & his wife had two children: 

1.         GEOFFROY [I] de Brenne (-before 1201).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Seigneur de Brenne et de Rochecorbon. 

2.         ROBERT [III] de Brenne (-1227, bur Tours).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Seigneur de Brenne et de Rochecorbon.  A charter dated 1200 records an agreement between "Robertus de Brenna dominus de Rupibus" and the monks of Saint-Julien de Tours[852]m ISABELLE de Pocé, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1238 under which he archbishop of Tours issued an arbitral sentence against her son "Willelmum de Brenna militum", naming "Y[sabellis domina de Poceio mater] dicti Guillelmi et Maltildis uxor illuus"[853].  Robert [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         GEOFFROY [II] (-[1248]).  Seigneur de Rochecorbon.  "Gaufridus de Brenna Rupium dominus, Roberti filius" sold the isle opposite Marmoutier to the abbey by charter dated 1238[854].  "Gaufridus de Brenna dominus de Rupibus Corbonis" approved the arbitral sentence issued by the archbishop of Tours against "Guillelmum de Brenna" by charter dated 1238[855]

b)         GUILLAUME de Brenne (-before [1251/58]).  Seigneur de Brenne.  A series of charters dated between 3 Jan 1234 and 2 Mar 1235 record a dispute between "Willelmo de Brenna militi" and Tours Saint-Julien[856].  The archbishop of Tours issued an arbitral sentence against "Willelmum de Brenna militum", naming "Y[sabellis domina de Poceio mater] dicti Guillelmi et Maltildis uxor illuus" by charter dated 1238[857].  "Iohannes de Brena miles dominus de Rochecorbon" donated property to the abbey of Lieu-Notre-Dame-lès-Romorantin, for the soul of "uxoris mee Matildis", by charter dated Jun 1248[858]m as her first husband, MATHILDE de Mirebeau, daughter of THIBAUD de Mirebeau & his wife ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1238 under which he archbishop of Tours issued an arbitral sentence against her husband "Willelmum de Brenna militum", naming "Y[sabellis domina de Poceio mater] dicti Guillelmi et Maltildis uxor illuus"[859].  "Iohannes de Brena miles dominus de Rochecorbon" donated property to the abbey of Lieu-Notre-Dame-lès-Romorantin, for the soul of "uxoris mee Matildis", by charter dated Jun 1248[860].  She married secondly Jean Seigneur de Montigny et de Vieuvic.  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNE de Brenne (-after Mar 1298, bur Bourgeuil)Dame de Mézières-en-Brenne.  m ([1261]) HERVE [III] Seigneur de Vierzon, son of GUILLAUME [II] Seigneur de Vierzon & his wife Blanche de Joigny (-1270, bur Bourges). 

 

 

1.         HUGUES (-11 Mar 1227, bur Marmoutier).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Abbot of Marmoutier 1210.  The Chronicon Abbatum Majoris Monasterii records that "Hugo natione Carnotensis" was sixth abbot of Marmoutier[861].  The obituary of Marmoutier records the death 11 Mar of "Hugonis de Rupe, abbatis hujus monasterii" and his burial "in sacello Beatæ Mariæ"[862]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  ROCHES (SENESCHAL of ANJOU)

 

 

1.         HERBERT des Rochesm ---.  The name of Herbert´s wife is not known.  Herbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         BAUDOUIN des Roches (-7 Feb ----).  His parentage is confirmed by a donation dated 1215 made by his son "Guillelmus de Rupibus Senescallus Andegavensis" to the abbey of Perseigne of property which had belonged to "Herberti de Rupibus patris Balduini de Rupibus patris sui"[863].  The obituary of Marmoutier records the death 7 Feb of "Balduini Rupium Corbonis domini"[864]m ALIX de Châtellerault, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Baudouin & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUILLAUME des Roches ([1165/70]-15 Jul 1222, bur Bonlieu).  The Chronicle of Parcé records Guillaume as son of Baudouin des Roches en Poitou and his wife Alix de Châtellerault[865].  His parentage is confirmed by a donation dated 1215 made by "Guillelmus de Rupibus Senescallus Andegavensis" to the abbey of Perseigne of property which had belonged to "Herberti de Rupibus patris Balduini de Rupibus patris sui"[866].  Seigneur de Longué-Jumelles, de Château-du-Loir.  Seneschal of Anjou 1199.  King Philippe II confirmed a charter dated 1218 under which Guillaume des Roches sénéchal d´Anjou partant pour l´Albigeois” established the rights in his succession of “Jeanne et Clémence ses deux autres [“autres” a mistake?] filles”, with the consent of “Marguerite de Sablé sa femme et d´Amauri de Craon mari de sa fille aînée”, by charter dated Mar 1219, which specifies that the former would receive Sablé, Briollai, Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe, Précigné et Brion and the latter Château-du-Loir, Maiet, la Suze and Louplande[867]The Chronicon Turonense Magnum records the death in 1222 of "Guillelmus de Rupibus senescallus Andigavensis" and his burial "in ecclesia monialium Cistercensis ordinis…Bonus Locus" which he had founded "juxta Castrum Lidi"[868]m firstly PHILIPPA, daughter of --- & his wife Hilaire ---.  m secondly ([1191]) MARGUERITE de Sablé, daughter of ROBERT [IV] Seigneur de Sablé [Nevers] & his wife Clémence de Mayenne (-after Jun 1238, bur Perray-aux-Nonnains).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d´Angleterre records that "Guillaume des Roces" married "la dame de Sabluel"[869].  "Margarita domina Sabolii" confirmed donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "avunculi mei domini Juhelli de Meduana" by charter dated 1205[870].  An enquiry dated to [1340] records that "Missires Robert de Sableuil" had two daughters married to "Messire Guillaume des Roches…l´ainznée…Misire Jeufroy Marciau…l´autre"[871].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   Guillaume & his second wife had three children: 

(a)       ROBERT des Roches (-[1204]). 

(b)       JEANNE des Roches (-28 Sep 1238)King Philippe II confirmed a charter dated 1218 under which Guillaume des Roches sénéchal d´Anjou partant pour l´Albigeois” established the rights in his succession of “Jeanne et Clémence ses deux autres [“autres” a mistake?] filles”, with the consent of “Marguerite de Sablé sa femme et d´Amauri de Craon mari de sa fille aînée”, by charter dated Mar 1219, which specifies that the former would receive Sablé, Briollai, Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe, Précigné et Brion and the latter Château-du-Loir, Maiet, la Suze and Louplande[872]"Amorricus de Credone et Johanna uxor eius et Clementia quondam comitis Blesensis" ratified the division of his fiefs made by "pater noster Guillelmus de Rupibus senescalus Andegavensis de consensu…matris nostre Margarite de Sabolio uxoris sue" by charter dated May 1219[873].  “Johanna de Credona, Andegavie senescalla” did homage to Louis IX King of France for “senescaltia Andegavie, Cenomannie et Turonie…bone memorie Guillelmus de Ruppibus, genitor noster…tenuit” by charter dated 27 Jan 1226[874].  She succeeded her father as Seneschale d´Anjou.  The Chronicon Savigniacense records the death "IV Kal Oct" in 1238 of "Iohanna uxor Amalrici de Creon"[875]m AMAURY [I] de Craon, son of MAURICE [II] Sire de Craon & his wife Isabelle de Meulan (-15 May 1226). 

(c)       CLEMENCE des Roches (-after Sep 1259).  "Clemencia uxore mea" consented to the donation by "Theobaldus Blesensis et Clarimontis comitis" to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteadun by charter dated Apr 1218[876]King Philippe II confirmed a charter dated 1218 under which Guillaume des Roches sénéchal d´Anjou partant pour l´Albigeois” established the rights in his succession of “Jeanne et Clémence ses deux autres [“autres” a mistake?] filles”, with the consent of “Marguerite de Sablé sa femme et d´Amauri de Craon mari de sa fille aînée”, by charter dated Mar 1219, which specifies that the former would receive Sablé, Briollai, Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe, Précigné et Brion and the latter Château-du-Loir, Maiet, la Suze and Louplande[877]"Gaufridus vicecomes Castriduni" donated property to the donation to Hôtel-Dieu, Châteadun with the consent of "Clemencia quondam comitissa Blesensi uxore mea" by charter dated Oct 1226[878]m firstly as his second wife, THIBAUT VI Comte de Blois, son of LOUIS Comte de Blois & his wife Catherine Ctss de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis (-16 or 22 Apr 1218).  m secondly as his second wife, GEOFFROY [VI] Vicomte de Châteaudun, son of GEOFFROY [V] Vicomte de Châteaudun & his first wife Adela de Nevers (-6 Feb 1250, bur Ronceray). 

ii)         son .  m ---.  One child: 

(a)       BAUDOUIN des Roches (-after 1212).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated Mar 1203 under which "Guillelmus de Rupibus Senescallus Andegavensis" confirmed the donation to Marmoutier made by "Baudoinus de Rupibus nepos meus"[879]

iii)        LETICE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m EMERY de la Jaille, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  SEIGNEURS de SABLE

 

 

 

A.      SEIGNEURS de SABLE

 

 

1.         SALOMON de Sablé m ADELAIS, daughter of GIROIE & his wife Gisla ---.  Orderic Vitalis names "quarta filia [Geroii] Adelais", records her marriage to "Salomoni de Sablolio", and names their child "Rainaldum" adding that "cujus proles…Lisiardus" is now a supporter of Henry I King of England in Anjou[880].  Solomon & his wife had two children: 

a)         RAINARD de Sablé .  Orderic Vitalis names "quarta filia [Geroii] Adelais", records her marriage to "Salomoni de Sablolio", and names their child "Rainaldum" adding that "cujus proles…Lisiardus" is now a supporter of Henry I King of England in Anjou[881]m ---.  The name of Rainard´s wife is not known.  Rainard & his wife had one child: 

i)          LISIARD de Sablé .  Orderic Vitalis names "quarta filia [Geroii] Adelais", records her marriage to "Salomoni de Sablolio", and names their child "Rainaldum" adding that "cujus proles…Lisiardus" is now a supporter of Henry I King of England in Anjou[882]

b)         HUGUES de Sablé (-after 26 Jan 1078).  "…Hugo filius Salomonis de Sablolio…" witnessed the charter dated 26 Jan 1078 under which "Raynaldus castri Credonensis dominus et…uxor mea…Ennoguena cognomina Domitilla" donated was shields to La Trinité de Vendôme[883]

 

 

1.         HERVE de Sablé "Rasorius" m as her second husband, EREMBURGE Dame de Vihers, widow of HUBERT d´Arnay, daughter of AUBRY [I] & his wife ---.  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe, recording that Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou granted "curtem…de Baissiaco" to "Hucberto de Arnaitto" when he married "Aremburgam consanguineam suam" and that "Albericus" (indicating Aubry [I] Seigneur de Vihiers) granted "curtem Campigniaci" to "Herveio de Sablulio cognomento Rasorio" with "Aremburga consanguinea comitis", at the request of "Gaufridi de Sablulio"[884].  The document does not specify the parentage of Eremburge but it appears to be a reasonable assumption that she was the daughter of Aubry [I], although it is curious that the document does not specify the relationship.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Eremburge, wife of Hervé de Sablé, was the daughter of Aubry [I][885].  Ménage states that, "selon l´Abbé le Laboureur", Hervé de Sablé married "Eremburge dame de Vihers…[en] Anjou…fille…d´Alberic de Monmorenci Connestable de France sous Henri I…fîs de Bouchard II Seigneur de Montmorenci et de la Dame de Chasteau-Basset"[886].  From a chronological point of view, Ménage´s view of Eremburge´s parentage is improbable, considering the accession of Henri I King of France in 1031.  Hervé & his wife had two children: 

a)         RAOUL de Sablé (-after 6 Jul 1016).  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, which recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe, names "Radulfus…et Bernerius" as the sons of "Herveo de Sablulio", adding that Bernier was killed "ad prelium Pontilevense" and that Raoul, after returning from the battle, died from his wounds after donating "Aremburgi medietatem ecclesiæ Campigniaci" to Saint-Aubin d´Angers[887].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records the battle of "Pontelivis inter Odonem et Fulconem consules pridie Non Jul" in 1016[888]

b)         BERNIER de Sablé (-killed in battle Pontlevoy 6 Jul 1016).  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, which recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe, names "Radulfus…et Bernerius" as the sons of "Herveo de Sablulio", adding that Bernier was killed "ad prelium Pontilevense" and buried "apud ecclesiam Nantulliaci"[889].  The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records the battle of "Pontelivis inter Odonem et Fulconem consules pridie Non Jul" in 1016[890]

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Sablé .  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe, recording that "Albericus" (indicating Aubry [I] Seigneur de Vihiers) granted "curtem Campigniaci" to "Herveio de Sablulio cognomento Rasorio" with "Aremburga consanguinea comitis", at the request of "Gaufridi de Sablulio"[891]

 

 

1.         AUBRYm ---.  The name of Aubry´s wife is not known.  Aubry & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGUES .  A charter dated 1110 records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, recording that "Hugo vicarius Andecavensis, post mortem patris sui Alberici" first donated the priory, that "Liziardus de Ambasiaco" donated mills at Sablé, that Hugues also donated the priory of "Bœria" with the consent of "quatuor filii eius Guillelmus, Albericus, Hamelinus et Gaufridus", that after the death of "Roberto, Burgundiæ Sabolii domino", "Liziardus filius eius" confirmed the donations by "avus…Robertus", the charter signed by "Guido, Liziardi frater, Henricus monachus, Hersendis mater, Gedheldis soror"[892].  [Seigneur de Sablé].  This charter does not state that Hugues was seigneur de Sablé but his donation of the priory strongly suggests that this was the case.  If this is correct, Hugues must have held the property in the 10th century.  A connection with the family of the seigneurs d´Amboise is suggested by the reference to "Liziardus de Ambasiaco".  m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had four children: 

i)          GUILLAUME .  A charter dated 1110 records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, recording that "Hugo vicarius Andecavensis, post mortem patris sui Alberici" first donated the priory, and that Hugues also donated the priory of "Bœria" with the consent of "quatuor filii eius Guillelmus, Albericus, Hamelinus et Gaufridus"[893]

ii)         AUBRY .  A charter dated 1110 records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, recording that "Hugo vicarius Andecavensis, post mortem patris sui Alberici" first donated the priory, and that Hugues also donated the priory of "Bœria" with the consent of "quatuor filii eius Guillelmus, Albericus, Hamelinus et Gaufridus"[894]

iii)        HAMELIN .  A charter dated 1110 records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, recording that "Hugo vicarius Andecavensis, post mortem patris sui Alberici" first donated the priory, and that Hugues also donated the priory of "Bœria" with the consent of "quatuor filii eius Guillelmus, Albericus, Hamelinus et Gaufridus"[895]

iv)       GEOFFROY .  A charter dated 1110 records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, recording that "Hugo vicarius Andecavensis, post mortem patris sui Alberici" first donated the priory, and that Hugues also donated the priory of "Bœria" with the consent of "quatuor filii eius Guillelmus, Albericus, Hamelinus et Gaufridus"[896]

 

 

1.         AUBRY de Sablém AGATHE, daughter of ---.  "Guillelmus de Sablolio clericus et Agatha mater sua et duo fratres eius…Guillelmi et Petrus" donated "decimam de Tholocheio" to Saint-Martin du Mans, for the soul of "patris Alberici de Sablolio", by charter confirmed by "Guillelmus episcopus Cenomanensis" (bishop from 1142 to 1186 according to Ménage[897].  Aubry & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Sablé .  "Guillelmus de Sablolio clericus et Agatha mater sua et duo fratres eius…Guillelmi et Petrus" donated "decimam de Tholocheio" to Saint-Martin du Mans, for the soul of "patris Alberici de Sablolio", by charter confirmed by "Guillelmus episcopus Cenomanensis" (bishop from 1142 to 1186 according to Ménage[898]

b)         PIERRE de Sablé .  "Guillelmus de Sablolio clericus et Agatha mater sua et duo fratres eius…Guillelmi et Petrus" donated "decimam de Tholocheio" to Saint-Martin du Mans, for the soul of "patris Alberici de Sablolio", by charter confirmed by "Guillelmus episcopus Cenomanensis" (bishop from 1142 to 1186 according to Ménage[899]

c)         GUILLAUME de Sablé .  "Guillelmus de Sablolio clericus et Agatha mater sua et duo fratres eius…Guillelmi et Petrus" donated "decimam de Tholocheio" to Saint-Martin du Mans, for the soul of "patris Alberici de Sablolio", by charter confirmed by "Guillelmus episcopus Cenomanensis" (bishop from 1142 to 1186 according to Ménage[900]

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de SABLE (BEAUMONT-en-MAINE)

 

 

GEOFFROY de Sablé, son of RAOUL [III] de Beaumont Vicomte du Maine & his first wife Godehildis --- (-after [1015]).  "Rodulfus Cenomanensium vicecomes" donated two serfs to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur, in the presence of "conjuge mea Widenore et filiis meis Rodulfo, Gosfrido, Ivelino et Huberto" by undated charter, signed by "Ivelini clerici, primogeniti sui, Gosfridi et Rodulfi et Huberti filiorum eius"[901].  The chronology of the documents associated with this family suggests that Geoffroy must have been born from his father´s first marriage:  his father´s first wife is named in a document dated to [994] (see above) and Geoffroy must presumably have been adult when he issued the charter dated to [1010].  "Gaufridus de Sabolio" founded the priory of Solesmes, confirmed by "Adelays uxor mea et filius noster Drogo", by charter dated to [1010], signed by "…Gaufridi de Sabolio, Adelays uxor Gaufridi, Drogonis filii eorum, Radulphi vicecomitis, Odonis fratris eius…"[902].  “Widdo Lononis filius” donated “Gaudiacus” to Saint-Pierre de la Couture, with the consent of “dominis meis Hugone atque Herberto comitibus et vice comite Radulpho eiusque filii...Yvo archidiaconus, vice comes Radulphus atque Gaufridus” by undated charter dated to [1000/15][903]

m ADELAIS, daughter of ---.  "Gaufridus de Sabolio" founded the priory of Solesmes, confirmed by "Adelays uxor mea et filius noster Drogo", by charter dated to [1010], signed by "…Gaufridi de Sabolio, Adelays uxor Gaufridi, Drogonis filii eorum, Radulphi vicecomitis, Odonis fratris eius…"[904].  Adelais´s parentage is not known.  However, it is likely that her husband inherited Sablé through his marriage.  If this is correct, she may have been related to the family of the earlier seigneurs de Sablé who are shown in Part A of this chapter. 

Geoffroy & his wife had six children: 

1.         DREUX de Sablé "Gaufridus de Sabolio" founded the priory of Solesmes, confirmed by "Adelays uxor mea et filius noster Drogo", by charter dated to [1010], signed by "…Gaufridi de Sabolio, Adelays uxor Gaufridi, Drogonis filii eorum, Radulphi vicecomitis, Odonis fratris eius…"[905]

2.         BOUCHARD de Sablé .  "Gaufridus de Sabolio" founded the priory of Solesmes, confirmed by "Adelays uxor mea et filius noster Drogo", by charter dated to [1010], signed by "…Gaufridi de Sabolio, Adelays uxor Gaufridi, Drogonis filii eorum, Radulphi vicecomitis, Odonis fratris eius…"[906].  The same charter as reproduced by Ménage is subscribed by "Gaufridi de Sabolio, Adelaidis uxoris Gaufridi…Drogonis et Burcardi et Lisiardi filiorum eorum"[907].  

3.         LISIARD de Sablé (-before 1067).  "Gaufridus de Sabolio" founded the priory of Solesmes, confirmed by "Adelays uxor mea et filius noster Drogo", by charter dated to [1010], signed by "…Gaufridi de Sabolio, Adelays uxor Gaufridi, Drogonis filii eorum, Radulphi vicecomitis, Odonis fratris eius…"[908].  The same charter as reproduced by Ménage is subscribed by "Gaufridi de Sabolio, Adelaidis uxoris Gaufridi…Drogonis et Burcardi et Lisiardi filiorum eorum"[909]

4.         GEOFFROY de Sablé (-before 7 Aug 1067).  "Rotbertus de Sablulio et uxor mea Hazvisa" property to the monastery of Saint-Martin, for the souls of "Gaufredi fratris Hazvisæ uxoris meæ et…fratrum meorum Hamrici et Guidonis", by charter dated 7 Aug 1067[910].  Benedictine monk at Marmoutier. 

5.         AVOISE [Blanche] de Sablé (-[7 Aug 1067/1070])The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Robertus Burgundio, nepos Henrici regis…et uxor eius Haduina cognomento Blancha" exempted the monks of Marmoutier from tolls in his lands at Sablé and Craon by charter dated to [1051][911].  "Rotbertus Burgundus et uxor sua…Blanca" confirmed the donation of one third of the church at Brion to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by "duo milites de Sabluliaco Rannulfus…et Willelmus" by charter dated to [1055/60][912].  "Rotbertus de Sablulio et uxor mea Hazvisa" property to the monastery of Saint-Martin, for the souls of "Gaufredi fratris Hazvisæ uxoris meæ et…fratrum meorum Hamrici et Guidonis", by charter dated 7 Aug 1067[913]m ([1040]) as his first wife, ROBERT de Nevers "le Bourguignon", son of RENAUD I Comte de Nevers & his wife Hedwige de France (-after 1098).  Sire de Craon.  Sire de Sablé 1068, de iure uxoris

6.         ADELAIS (-after [1050]).  "Adeladis soror Gaufridi de castro Sablulii" donated property at Luché to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by charter dated to [1050][914].  It seems unlikely from a chronological point of view that Adelais was the sister of Geoffroy de Sablé, husband of Adelais, so it is probable that she was the couple´s daughter, sister of their son Geoffrey (see above). 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de SABLE (NEVERS)

 

 

ROBERT "le Bourguignon" de Nevers, son of RENAUD I Comte de Nevers & his wife Hedwige de France (-after 1098).  Robert's affiliation is indicated by Orderic Vitalis who refers to the wife of Hubert Vicomte du Maine (daughter of Robert's supposed brother Comte Guillaume) as his neptis[915].  This is corroborated by his known brother Guy being recorded as "frater comitis Nevernensis" (see above).  Seigneur de Preuilly.  "…Roberto Burgundione…" witnessed a charter dated 1039 which records that "miles…Walterius…filius Hamelini de Lingaiis" was sentenced to relinquish property held from Geoffroy II "Martel" Comte d´Anjou for having killed "cognatum predicti comitis…Mauricium", Comte Geoffroy donating the property to La Trinité de Vendôme[916].  "Robertus Burgundio, nepos Henrici regis…et uxor eius Haduina cognomento Blancha" exempted the monks of Marmoutier from tolls in his lands at Sablé and Craon by charter dated to [1051][917].  "Rotbertus Burgundus et uxor sua…Blanca" confirmed the donation of one third of the church at Brion to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by "duo milites de Sabluliaco Rannulfus…et Willelmus" by charter dated to [1055/60][918].  "…Rotbertus Burgundus et Heinricus et Wido tres fratres…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[919].  "…Rotberto Burgundione…" signed the charter dated 1061 under which Geoffroy III "le Barbu" donated a serf to Marmoutier[920]Sire de Craon.  "Domnus Robertus Burgundis" (for the soul of "Gosfredi comitis senioris sui") and "Mathildis quædam nobilis femina, filia Willelmi de Colentiaco, uxor Hatonis…Otovedus cognomento" (for the soul of "Hatonis sui…mariti") each donated half of "ecclesiæ suæ…in pago Credonensi, apud Betulum-Campum…sancti Petri" to La Trinité de Vendôme by charter dated 16 Jul 1067, signed by "Rotbertus Burgundius et filius eius Rainaldus, Conanus puer et mater eius Mathildis…"[921]Seigneur de Sablé [1067], by right of his first wife.  "Rotbertus de Sablulio et uxor mea Hazvisa" property to the monastery of Saint-Martin, for the souls of "Gaufredi fratris Hazvisæ uxoris meæ et…fratrum meorum Hamrici et Guidonis", by charter dated 7 Aug 1067[922].  A charter dated 19 Jan 1069 records a hearing before "Guido comes" [Guy Comte de Vendôme] regarding claims by "Algerius" to "de terra Wastinelli" [Gâtinais], in the presence of "…Roberto nepote Guidonis comitis" [assumed to be Robert "le Bourguignon" Seigneur de Sablé, who was the first cousin of Guy Comte de Vendôme on his father´s side of the family, or Robert´s son Robert][923].  "Rotbertus Burgundio" donated pasturage rights in the forest of Brionne to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "fratris sui Hanrici atque uxoris suæ, illius quæ Blancha vocata est, filiorumque suorum" by charter dated 30 Nov 1077, witnessed by "Rainaldus filius eius…"[924].  "Rotberto Burgundione et Bertha uxore sua, Rotberto…eiusdem Rotberti filio…" witnessed the charter dated [13 Mar 1078/15 Mar 1079] which records the settlement of a claim by "Hugone de Sablulio, Salomonis filio" against La Trinité de Vendôme[925].  "Rotbertus Burgundus" is named in the donation of "Wilelmus Pictavensis comes ac totius dux Aquitanie" dated 11 Jan 1081[926].  He supported his niece's husband, Hubert de Sainte-Suzanne Vicomte du Mans, in the besieged castle of Sainte-Suzanne in 1083/85[927].  A charter dated to [1080/96] records the pretensions of "Robertus Burgundio" to property of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Berta uxor eius, et Adalardus nepos eius, filius Rainaldi de Castello Gunterii", by charter dated to [1098][928].  He died during the First Crusade. 

m firstly ([1040]) AVOISE [Blanche] de Sablé, daughter of GEOFFROY [du Maine] Seigneur de Sablé & his wife Adelais --- (-[7 Aug 1067/1070]).  "Robertus Burgundio, nepos Henrici regis…et uxor eius Haduina cognomento Blancha" exempted the monks of Marmoutier from tolls in his lands at Sablé and Craon by charter dated to [1051][929].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Rotbertus Burgundus et uxor sua…Blanca" confirmed the donation of one third of the church at Brion to Saint-Aubin d'Angers by "duo milites de Sabluliaco Rannulfus…et Willelmus" by charter dated to [1055/60][930].  "Rotbertus de Sablulio et uxor mea Hazvisa" property to the monastery of Saint-Martin, for the souls of "Gaufredi fratris Hazvisæ uxoris meæ et…fratrum meorum Hamrici et Guidonis", by charter dated 7 Aug 1067[931].  "Rotbertus Burgundio" donated pasturage rights in the forest of Brionne to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "fratris sui Hanrici atque uxoris suæ, illius quæ Blancha vocata est, filiorumque suorum" by charter dated 30 Nov 1077, witnessed by "Rainaldus filius eius…"[932]

m secondly (1070) BERTHE [Blanche], daughter of ---.  "Rotberto Burgundione et Bertha uxore sua, Rotberto…eiusdem Rotberti filio…" witnessed the charter dated [13 Mar 1078/15 Mar 1079] which records the settlement of a claim by "Hugone de Sablulio, Salomonis filio" against La Trinité de Vendôme[933].  A charter dated to [1080/96] records the pretensions of "Robertus Burgundio" to property of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Berta uxor eius, et Adalardus nepos eius, filius Rainaldi de Castello Gunterii", by charter dated to [1098][934].  1108. 

Robert and his first wife had six children:

1.         RENAUD de Nevers (-Dec 1101).  "Domnus Robertus Burgundis" donated half of "ecclesiæ suæ…in pago Credonensi, apud Betulum-Campum…sancti Petri" to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "Gosfredi comitis senioris sui", by charter dated 16 Jul 1067, signed by "Rotbertus Burgundius et filius eius Rainaldus…"[935].  "Raginaldus cognomina Burgundus de Credone castro et uxor mea…Domita et filius meus Mauricius" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers in honour of "patris mei Rotberti" by charter dated Oct 1080[936].  Sire de Craon, by right of his wife.  He founded the Abbey de la Roé 1096. 

-        SIRES DE CRAON (COMTES de NEVERS).

2.         ROBERT "Vestrol" de Nevers (-1110 or before).  "Rotberto Burgundione et Bertha uxore sua, Rotberto…eiusdem Rotberti filio…" witnessed the charter dated [13 Mar 1078/15 Mar 1079] which records the settlement of a claim by "Hugone de Sablulio, Salomonis filio" against La Trinité de Vendôme[937]

-        see below

3.         GEOFFROY de Nevers .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1058/[1066/67]. 

4.         BURGONDE de Nevers (-after 1126).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1080/96] which records the pretensions of "Robertus Burgundio" to property of Saint-Vincent du Mans, with the consent of "Berta uxor eius, et Adalardus nepos eius, filius Rainaldi de Castello Gunterii", by charter dated to [1098][938].  A charter dated 1126 records a donation to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou by "Domna…Burgundia mater Adelardi de Castello Gunterii"[939].  Prioress of Avenières.  m (before 1080) RENAUD [III] Seigneur de Château-Gonthier, son of RENAUD [II] Seigneur de Château-Gonthier & his second wife Elisabeth --- (- after 11 Oct 1106). 

5.         HENRI de Nevers (-after 1110).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur du Lion d´Angers.  m ---.  The name of Henri's wife is not known.  Henri & his wife had one child: 

a)         GEOFFROY (-26 Mar 1132).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbé de Vendôme 1096.  "Mauricius dominus castelli…Credonum" was condemned to repair the damage he caused to La Trinité de Vendôme "uxor eius domna Mathildis", by charter dated 1105, which names "Goffridus…Vindocinensis abbas…consanguineus Mauricii"[940]

6.         LISIARD de Sablé .  "Lisiardus de Sablolio" claimed property of Saint-Vincent du Mans, after the death of "patris sui Roberti Burgundionis", by charter dated to [1100][941]

 

 

ROBERT "Vestrol" de Nevers, son of ROBERT "le Bourguignon" de Nevers & his first wife Avoie [Blanche] de Sablé (-1110 or before).  "Rotberto Burgundione et Bertha uxore sua, Rotberto…eiusdem Rotberti filio…" witnessed the charter dated [13 Mar 1078/15 Mar 1079] which records the settlement of a claim by "Hugone de Sablulio, Salomonis filio" against La Trinité de Vendôme[942].  "De baronibus Andegavensibus: Rainaldus de Castro Gunterii, Gosfridus Rorgonis, Paganus de Mirebello, Adam de Castello Ledi, Robertus Vestrollus, Fulco de Matefelon" are named as present in the charter dated 1095 which records a judgment by Foulques IV "Rechin" Comte d´Anjou which confirms the abbey of Saint-Aubin d´Angers in its possession "du domaine de Pitrate, près Angers"[943].  "Robertus…Vestrul, filius supradicti Roberti Burgundionis" issued a charter dated to [1096] relating to his father´s pretensions to property of Saint-Vincent du Mans[944].  1110. 

m HERSENDE de la Suze Dame de la Suze, daughter and heiress of HERBERT de la Suze & his wife Eremburgis (-after 1110).  "Lisiardus filius eius" succeeded after the death of "Roberto Burgundione domino Sabolii castri" and confirmed rights and privileges to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hersendis mater eius et Godehildis soror eiusdem", by charter dated 1110[945].  "Guido, Liziardi frater, Henricus monachus, Hersendis mater, Gedheldis soror" signed the charter dated 1110 which records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, including the confirmation by "Liziardus filius eius" after the death of "Roberto, Burgundiæ Sabolii domino"[946].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter which names "Herbertus de Susa et Hersendis eius filia vir quoque eiusdem Hersendis, Robertus Vestroilt et Lisiardus eorum filius"[947]

Robert & his wife had three children: 

1.         LISIARD de Sablé (-after 1123).  "Lisiardus filius eius" succeeded after the death of "Roberto Burgundione domino Sabolii castri" and confirmed rights and privileges to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hersendis mater eius et Godehildis soror eiusdem", by charter dated 1110, which names "avus eius, qui et ipse Robertus dictus est" and "Agolini filii Lisiardi de Sablolio…Roberti filii Lisiardi de Sablolio…"[948].  A charter dated 1110 records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, recording that "Hugo vicarius Andecavensis, post mortem patris sui Alberici" first donated the priory, that "Liziardus de Ambasiaco" donated mills at Sablé, that Hugues also donated the priory of "Bœria" with the consent of "quatuor filii eius Guillelmus, Albericus, Hamelinus et Gaufridus", that after the death of "Roberto, Burgundiæ Sabolii domino", "Liziardus filius eius" confirmed the donations by "avus…Robertus", the charter signed by "Guido, Liziardi frater, Henricus monachus, Hersendis mater, Gedheldis soror"[949].  A charter dated 1123 records an agreement between the monks of Marmoutier and "Lisiardus Sabloliensis dominus" regarding compensation for the fortress built when "Guidonem adhuc juvenem dominum Lavallensem" was at war and granted to "baroni suo Hugoni…cognomento Normant", witnessed by "…Capraria uxor domini Lisiardi"[950]m TIPHAINE de Briolé, daughter of GEOFFROY de Briolé & his wife Germase --- (-after 1123).  "Gaufridus de Brioledo" donated property on his deathbed to Angers Saint-Serge, with the consent of "uxore sua Gamesia", and supplemented by another donation after his death made by "tres filia eius Capraria…et Exulata et Petronilla", by undated charter[951].  "Abbo de Brioleto" donated property "in Aimeria" to Vendôme Sainte-Trinité, with the consent of "Goffredus de Brioleto…et duæ filiæ eiusTheophania que cognomine Capraria…uxor Lisiardi de Sablolio et alia filia…Petonilla", of "Agnes uxor Abbonis et duo filii eorum Petrus et Ingelgerius", and of "tertia filia Goffridi de Brioleto…Milesendis…Germasia mater eius", by charter dated 1112[952].  A charter dated 1123 records an agreement between the monks of Marmoutier and "Lisiardus Sabloliensis dominus" regarding compensation for the fortress built when "Guidonem adhuc juvenem dominum Lavallensem" was at war and granted to "baroni suo Hugoni…cognomento Normant", witnessed by "…Capraria uxor domini Lisiardi"[953].  Lisiard & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGUES (-after 1110).  "Lisiardus filius eius" succeeded after the death of "Roberto Burgundione domino Sabolii castri" and confirmed rights and privileges to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hersendis mater eius et Godehildis soror eiusdem", by charter dated 1110, which names "avus eius, qui et ipse Robertus dictus est" and "Agolini filii Lisiardi de Sablolio…Roberti filii Lisiardi de Sablolio…"[954]

b)         ROBERT [III] (-1152).  "Lisiardus filius eius" succeeded after the death of "Roberto Burgundione domino Sabolii castri" and confirmed rights and privileges to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hersendis mater eius et Godehildis soror eiusdem", by charter dated 1110, which names "avus eius, qui et ipse Robertus dictus est" and "Agolini filii Lisiardi de Sablolio…Roberti filii Lisiardi de Sablolio…"[955]m HERSENDE, daughter of --- (-after 1189).  "Robertus filius Lisiardus" donated property to the monks of Saint-Nicolas de Sablé, with the consent of "filiis Roberto et Gaufrido et uxore sua Hersende", by undated charter[956].  An undated charter records the donation to Soulesme by "Joffridi qui sepultus jacet in ecclesia beati Petri" witnessed by "Hersendis mater eius, Clementia uxor eius…"[957].  "Robertus de Sabolio et Hersent mater eius et Clementia uxor eius et Petrus de Brion" founded the abbey of Bois-Renon by charter dated 1189, which specifies that "Robertus de Sabolio" donated property granted by “Juellus Dominus Meduana vice maritiagii Clementiæ sororis suæ” for the soul of “Clementiæ uxoris suæ[958].  Robert [III] & his wife had three children: 

i)          ROBERT [IV] (-1195).  "Robertus filius Lisiardus" donated property to the monks of Saint-Nicolas de Sablé, with the consent of "filiis Roberto et Gaufrido et uxore sua Hersende", by undated charter[959].  "Robertus de Sabolio et Hersent mater eius et Clementia uxor eius et Petrus de Brion" founded the abbey of Bois-Renon by charter dated 1189, which specifies that "Robertus de Sabolio" donated property granted by “Juellus Dominus Meduana vice maritiagii Clementiæ sororis suæ” for the soul of “Clementiæ uxoris suæ[960]m CLEMENCE de Mayenne, daughter of GEOFFROY Seigneur de Mayenne & his first wife Constance de Bretagne (-before 1209).  "Robertus de Sabolio et Hersent mater eius et Clementia uxor eius et Petrus de Brion" founded the abbey of Bois-Renon by charter dated 1189, which specifies that "Robertus de Sabolio" donated property granted by “Juellus Dominus Meduana vice maritiagii Clementiæ sororis suæ” for the soul of “Clementiæ uxoris suæ[961].  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1205 under which her daughter "Margarita domina Sabolii" confirmed donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "avunculi mei domini Juhelli de Meduana"[962].  Douglas Richardson has pointed out that Clémence must have been her father´s daughter by his first marriage, otherwise her granddaughter Jeanne des Roches (daughter of Clémence´s daughter Marguerite de Sablé) would have married her great-uncle (Amaury [I] Sire de Craon, son of Isabelle de Meulan, second wife of Clémence´s father by her second marriage)[963].  Dame d'Angon.  Robert [IV] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       GEOFFROY (-after 1200).  "Gaufridus dominus de Cornilleio filius Roberti de Sabolio" donated property to the abbey of Perré-Neuf by undated charter[964].  

(b)       MARGUERITE (-after Jun 1238, bur Perray-aux-Nonnains).  The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d´Angleterre records that "Guillaume des Roces" married "la dame de Sabluel"[965].  "Margarita domina Sabolii" confirmed donations to Fontaine-Daniel by "avunculi mei domini Juhelli de Meduana" by charter dated 1205[966].  An enquiry dated to [1340] records that "Missires Robert de Sableuil" had two daughters married to "Messire Guillaume des Roches…l´ainznée…Misire Jeufroy Marciau…l´autre"[967].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   m ([1191]) as his second wife, GUILLAUME des Roches, son of BAUDOUIN des Roches & his wife Alix de Châtellerault ([1165/70]-15 Jul 1222, bur Bonlieu). 

(c)       PHILIPPA .  An enquiry dated to [1340] records that "Missires Robert de Sableuil" had two daughters married to "Messire Guillaume des Roches…l´ainznée…Misire Jeufroy Marciau…l´autre"[968].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   m GEOFFROY Marceau, son of ---. 

ii)         GEOFFROY (-bur Soulesme Saint-Pierre).  "Robertus filius Lisiardus" donated property to the monks of Saint-Nicolas de Sablé, with the consent of "filiis Roberto et Gaufrido et uxore sua Hersende", by undated charter[969].  An undated charter records the donation to Soulesme by "Joffridi qui sepultus jacet in ecclesia beati Petri" witnessed by "Hersendis mater eius, Clementia uxor eius…"[970]

iii)        MARGUERITE .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m PIERRE de Chemillé, son of ---. 

2.         GUY de Sablé .  "Guido, Liziardi frater, Henricus monachus, Hersendis mater, Gedheldis soror" signed the charter dated 1110 which records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, including the confirmation by "Liziardus filius eius" after the death of "Roberto, Burgundiæ Sabolii domino"[971]

3.         GODEHILDIS de Sablé .  "Lisiardus filius eius" succeeded after the death of "Roberto Burgundione domino Sabolii castri" and confirmed rights and privileges to Marmoutier, with the consent of "Hersendis mater eius et Godehildis soror eiusdem", by charter dated 1110[972].  "Guido, Liziardi frater, Henricus monachus, Hersendis mater, Gedheldis soror" signed the charter dated 1110 which records the rights of Marmoutier in the priory of Sablé, including the confirmation by "Liziardus filius eius" after the death of "Roberto, Burgundiæ Sabolii domino"[973]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  SEIGNEURS de SAUMUR

 

 

Two siblings, parents not known. 

1.         GELDUIN (-after May 966).  Seigneur de Saumur.  “Gelduin le Vieux seigneur de Saumur” donated a serf to Saint-Florent de Saumur, for his soul and that of “sa sœur Adèle”, by charter dated May 966[974]

2.         ADELA (-after May 966).  “Gelduin le Vieux seigneur de Saumur” donated a serf to Saint-Florent de Saumur, for his soul and that of “sa sœur Adèle”, by charter dated May 966[975]

 

 

Two siblings, parents not known: 

1.         GELDUIN (-bur Pontlevoy Sainte-Marie)Seigneur de SaumurThe Gesta Ambaziensium names "Gelduinus vir nobilis ex genere Danorum" who held "castro Salmurensi…in Blesensis comitis"[976]"...Gelduini Salmurensis..." subscribed the charter dated to [1032/37] under which Eudes I Comte de Blois donated “alodum de Camartio” to Marmoutier[977]m firstly GERBERGE du Perche, daughter of HERVE [I] Comte du Perche & his wife Melisende ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly ANORDIS, daughter of --- (-bur Pontlevoy Sainte-Marie).  The Gesta Ambaziensium records that "Gelduinus" founded "Pontilevi…abbatiam Sanctæ Mariæ" where he and "uxoris eius Aanordis" were buried[978].  Gelduin & his [first] wife had two children: 

a)         GEOFFROY "Puella" .  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Gosfridum…Puella vocatus…sororem Chanam" as children of "Gelduinus vir nobilis ex genere Danorum"[979].  Seigneur de Chaumont-sur-Loire. 

b)         CANA .  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Gosfridum…Puella vocatus…sororem Chanam" as children of "Gelduinus vir nobilis ex genere Danorum", specifying that Cana married "Frangalo Filgeriarum dominus" and had many sons and daughters[980].  It is not certain that this Cana was the same Cana as the sister of "Gosfridus de Calvo Monte" whose daughter "Dionisiam" married "Supplicio Lisoii filio"[981].  However, the burial of Denise at Pontlevoy, founded by Cana's parents, suggests that this is probably correct.  It is possible that this is the same person as Cana, daughter of Gelduin Seigneur de Pontlevoie, who married as his second wife, Raoul [IV] Vicomte de Beaumont.  If this is correct, her marriage to Vicomte Raoul would probably have been her second marriage.  m [as her first husband,] FRANGALO Seigneur de Fougères, son of ---. 

2.         daughter .  The Gesta Ambaziensium names "Aanordim filiam Berlai de Musteriolo ortam ex sorore Gelduini de Salmurio" as the wife of "Hugonis de Sancta Maria"[982]m BERLAY [I] de Montreuil, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13.  SEIGNEURS de VIHIERS

 

 

AUBRY [I], son of --- (-after 987).  Seigneur de Vihiers-en-Anjou.  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe, recording firstly that "Gaufridus comes filius Fulconis comitis cognomento Rufi" (Geoffroy I "Grisegonelle", Comte d´Anjou from 958 to 987), after his duel with "Hisgaldo clerico apud Mosterolum super mare", brought "de pago Parisiacensi quendam Albericum consanguineum suum" to Anjou and to whom he granted "omnem terram de Vieriis et capellam Sanctæ Mariæ Caritatis"[983]Europäische Stammtafeln dates this grant to 975[984].  Ménage states that "Alberic de Montmorenci oncle du Connestable de France et fîs de Bouchard I Seigneur de Montmorenci fut Seigneurs de Vihers en Anjou par le don que lui en fît vers 980 Geoffroi Grisegonelle Conte d´Anjou son parent"[985].  The primary source which confirms the relationship has not yet been found, nor the precise relationship between Aubry [I] Seigneur de Vihiers and Geoffroy I "Grisegonelle" Comte d´Anjou.  The same undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers, quoted above, records that, after the death of Geoffroy I "Grisegonelle" Comte d´Anjou, his son Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou granted "curtem Campigniaci, inter Sartem et Meduanam", previously held by "Albericus Aurelianensis" (presumably indicating Aubry [II] Vicomte d´Orléans, see the document CENTRAL FRANCE NOBILITY), to "supradicto Alberico"[986]

m ---.  The name of Aubry's wife is not known. 

Aubry & his wife had two children:

1.         [AUBRY [II] .  Aubry [II] is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the son of Aubry [I][987].] 

2.         [EREMBURGE .  An undated charter of Saint-Aubin d´Angers recites the history of land at Champigné-sur-Sarthe, recording that Foulques III "Nerra" Comte d´Anjou granted "curtem…de Baissiaco" to "Hucberto de Arnaitto" when he married "Aremburgam consanguineam suam" and that "Albericus" (indicating Aubry [I] Seigneur de Vihiers) granted "curtem Campigniaci" to "Herveio de Sablulio cognomento Rasorio" with "Aremburga consanguinea comitis", at the request of "Gaufridi de Sablulio"[988].  The document does not specify the parentage of Eremburge but it appears to be a reasonable assumption that she was the daughter of Aubry [I], although it is curious that the document does not specify the relationship.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Eremburge, wife of Hervé de Sablé, was the daughter of Aubry [I][989].  Ménage states that, "selon l´Abbé le Laboureur", Hervé de Sablé married "Eremburge dame de Vihers…[en] Anjou…fille…d´Alberic de Monmorenci Connestable de France sous Henri I…fîs de Bouchard II Seigneur de Montmorenci et de la Dame de Chasteau-Basset"[990].  From a chronological point of view, Ménage´s view of Eremburge´s parentage is improbable, considering the accession of Henri I King of France in 1031.  Ménage records that "Hubert Rasorius" married "la fille d´Isembert Seigneur du Lude, petite-fille ou nièce d´Isembert Seigneur de Beauvoir" who gave birth posthumously to "Hubert ou Humbert de Champagne…Seigneur de Durtal…[don’t] descent la maison de Suse du nom de Champagne"[991]m firstly HUBERT d´Arnay, son of ---.  m secondly HERVE de Sablé, son of ---.] 

 

 



[1] Urseau, C. (ed.) (1908) Cartulaire noir de la cathédrale d'Angers (Paris, Angers) (“Angers”) 8, p. 21. 

[2] Espinay, G. d´ (1864) Les cartulaires angevins (Angers), p. 6. 

[3] Annales Bertiniani 849, MGH SS I, p. 444. 

[4] Karoli II Conventus Silvacensis, Missi…et pagi… 8, MGH LL 1, p. 426. 

[5] Annales Bertiniani 854, MGH SS I, p. 449. 

[6] Annales Bertiniani 862, MGH SS I, p. 456. 

[7] Annales Bertiniani 862, MGH SS I, p. 457. 

[8] Annales Bertiniani 865, MGH SS I, p. 470. 

[9] Marchegay, P. and Mabille, E. (eds.) (1869) Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou (Paris) Chronicon sancti Sergii Andegavensis, p. 132. 

[10] Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, p. 19. 

[11] Marchegay, P. and Salmon, A. (eds.) (1856) Chroniques d'Anjou Tome I (Paris), Historia comitum Andegavensium, p. 320. 

[12] Chroniques d'Anjou Tome I, Historia comitum Andegavensium, p. 320. 

[13] Chroniques d'Anjou Tome I, Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, pp. 54, 63, and 65. 

[14] Chroniques d'Anjou Tome I, Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, pp. 87-8, and Historia Comitum Andegavorum, p. 320. 

[15] Espinay (1864), p. 8. 

[16] Karoli II Conventus Silvacensis, Missi…et pagi… 8, MGH LL 1, p. 426. 

[17] McKitterick, R. (1983) Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians 751-987 (Longman, London and New York), p. 266. 

[18] Reginonis Chronicon 861, MGH SS I, p. 571. 

[19] Annales Bertiniani 862, MGH SS I, p. 456. 

[20] Annales Bertiniani 862, MGH SS I, p. 457. 

[21] Annales Bertiniani 865, MGH SS I, p. 470. 

[22] Annales Bertiniani 866, MGH SS I, p. 471. 

[23] Annales Bertiniani 866, MGH SS I, p. 473. 

[24] Adonis Continuatio Prima, Auctore Anonymo 866, MGH SS II, p. 324. 

[25] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 35. 

[26] Historia Comitum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 319. 

[27] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 36. 

[28] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 36, footnote 3 noting that 2 mss record her as "consanguinea" not "filia". 

[29] Chronico Turonensi, RHGF IX, p. 47. 

[30] Gestis Consulum Andegavensium, RHGF IX, p. 29. 

[31] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 36. 

[32] Reproduced in Chroniques d'Anjou, Introduction, II, p. xcii. 

[33] Reproduced in Chroniques d'Anjou, Introduction, III, p. xciv. 

[34] Broussillon, B. de (ed.) (1903) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Aubin d'Angers (Paris) (“Angers Saint-Aubin”) Tome I, 177, p. 203. 

[35] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 36. 

[36] Gestis Consulum Andegavensium, RHGF IX, p. 27. 

[37] Chronico Turonensi, RHGF IX, p. 47. 

[38] Marchegay, P. and Salmon, A. (eds.) (1856) Chroniques d'Anjou Tome I (Paris), Historia comitum Andegavensium, p. 320. 

[39] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 41. 

[40] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 63. 

[41] Historia Comitum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 320. 

[42] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 40-1. 

[43] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 41-4. 

[44] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 63. 

[45] Mabille, E. ‘Les invasions normandes dans la Loire et les pérégrinations du corps de saint Martin’, Bibliothèque de l´Ecole des Chartes, Tome XXX (1869), Pièces Justificatives, V, p. 431. 

[46] Mabille, E. (1871) Chroniques des comtes d´Anjou par Marchegay et Salmon, Introduction, (Paris), p. lx. 

[47] Mabille (1871), Pièces justificatives, II, p. xcii. 

[48] Mabille ‘Les invasions normandes...’, Bibliothèque de l´Ecole des Chartes, Tome XXX (1869), Pièces Justificatives, VIII, p. 440. 

[49] Mabille ‘Les invasions normandes...’, Bibliothèque de l´Ecole des Chartes, Tome XXX (1869), Pièces Justificatives, IX, p. 442. 

[50] Mabille (1871), Pièces justificatives, III, p. xciv. 

[51] Mabille (1871), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. xcvi. 

[52] Mabille ‘Les invasions normandes...’, Bibliothèque de l´Ecole des Chartes, Tome XXX (1869), Pièces Justificatives, XII, p. 451. 

[53] Mabille (1871), Pièces justificatives, p. lxii. 

[54] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 177, p. 203. 

[55] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 67. 

[56] Mabille (1871), Pièces justificatives, VIII, p. civ. 

[57] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 65. 

[58] Angers 33, p. 74. 

[59] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 177, p. 203. 

[60] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 66. 

[61] Angers 33, p. 74. 

[62] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 177, p. 203. 

[63] Flodoard 937, MGH SS III, p. 385. 

[64] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 66. 

[65] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 66 and 67. 

[66] Borderie, A. le Moyne de la (1898) Histoire de Bretagne (Rennes, Paris), Tome II, p. 416, quoting Lobineau Histoire de Bretagne, I, p. 81. 

[67] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.2, Eglise cathedrale de Paris, p. 1015. 

[68] ES III 657. 

[69] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 66 and 67. 

[70] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 2, p. 4. 

[71] Saint-Phalle, E. de 'Les comtes de Gâtinais aux X et XI siècles', Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. and Settipani, C. (eds.) (2000) Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval (Prosopographica et Genealogica, Vol. 3), p. 239, citing Chaume, M. (1925) Les origines du duché de Bourgogne (Dijon) Vol. I, p. 534. 

[72] Merlet, R. (ed.) (1896) La Chronique de Nantes (Paris) XXXVII, pp. 107-8. 

[73] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 75. 

[74] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 75. 

[75] Chevalier, U. (ed.) (1884) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Chaffre du Monastier et Chronique de Saint-Pierre du Puy (Montbéliard, Paris) (“Saint-Chaffre”), Chronicon Monasterii Sancti Petri Aniciensis, CCCCXII, p. 152, and CCCCXV, p. 153. 

[76] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 2, p. 4. 

[77] Saint-Chaffre, Chronicon Monasterii Sancti Petri Aniciensis, CCCCXII, p. 152. 

[78] Saint-Chaffre CXLIV, p. 70. 

[79] Guadet, J. (ed.) (1845) Richeri Historiarum (Paris) (“Richer”) III.XCII and XCIV, pp. 112 and 114. 

[80] Chronico Andegavensi 987, RHGF X, p. 271. 

[81] Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d´Anjou, p. 382. 

[82] Libro Otiis Imperialibus, RHGF IX, p. 45. 

[83] France, J., Bulst, N. and Reynolds, P. (eds. and trans.) (1989) Rodulfi Glabri Historiarum Libri Quinque, Rodulfus Glaber Opera (Oxford) Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum I.7, p. 17. 

[84] Richer III.XCV, p. 116. 

[85] Hugonis Floriacensis, Liber qui Modernorum Regum Francorum continet Actus 9, MGH SS IX, p. 385, additional manuscript quoted in footnote ***. 

[86] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1013, MGH SS XXIII, p. 780. 

[87] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 110. 

[88] Guérard, M. (1857) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Victor de Marseille (Paris) Tome I, 653, p. 645. 

[89] Marseille Saint-Victor I, 15, p. 18. 

[90] Marseille Saint-Victor I, 630, p. 626. 

[91] Ragut, M. C. (ed.) (1864) Cartulaire de Saint-Vincent de Mâcon (Mâcon) (“Mâcon”) 471, 490, pp. 271, 284-5, and Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1876-1903) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny (Paris) (“Cluny”) Tome IV, 2694, p. 721. 

[92] Benedict VIII, Letter 16, Patrologia Latina CXXXIX1603, cited in Bouchard, C. B. (1987) Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy 980-1198 (Cornell University Press), p. 270, and quoted in Manteyer, G. de (1908) La Provence du 1ère au 12ème siècles (Paris), p. 274. 

[93] Guérard, M. (1857) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Victor de Marseille (Paris) Tome I, 630, p. 626.  

[94] Marseille Saint-Victor I, 225, p. 252. 

[95] Manteyer (1908), p. 273, quoting Bibl. nat. de Madrid, ms. Ee 40, fo 118 vo

[96] Obituaires de Lyon II, Prieuré Saint-Pierre de Mâcon, p. 482.       

[97] Manteyer (1908), p. 274, quoting Biblioth. Méjanes ms. 812, recueil Bouquier, t. 1, pp. 145-6, Catal. des mss. Départements, t. XVI, Aix, 1894 ms. 915. 

[98] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 75. 

[99] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 75. 

[100] Latouche, R. (1910) Histoire du comté du Maine pendant le X et le XI siècle (Paris), Pièces Justificatives 1, p. 161. 

[101] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 2, p. 4. 

[102] Chronico Sancti Michaelis in periculo maris, RHGF X, p. 175. 

[103] Marchegay, P. and Mabille, E. (eds.) (1869) Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou (Paris) Chronica domni Rainaldi archidiaconi sancti Mauricii Andegavensis, p. 9.  

[104] Urseau, C. (ed.) L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers (Angers). 

[105] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 87. 

[106] Halphen, L. (1903) Recueil d´annales Angelines et vendômoises (Paris), Annales Sancti Albini Andegavensis, p. 2. 

[107] Halphen, L. & Poupardin, R. (eds.) (1913) Chroniques des comtes d´Anjou et des seigneurs d´Amboise (Paris), Genealogiæ comitum Andegavensium, VI, p. 249. 

[108] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 3, p. 7. 

[109] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 20.  

[110] Angers 22, p. 52. 

[111] Cluny Tome II, 1474, p. 528. 

[112] Cluny Tome II, 1701, p. 723. 

[113] Christian Settipani 'Les origines maternelles d'Otte-Guillaume', Annales de Bourgogne, Tome 66, 1994, pp 48-49. 

[114] Chaume, M. (1925-1931) Les origines du duché de Bourgogne 2 Vols. reprint 1977 (Dijon), Vol. 1, p. 447 n. 2, cited in Bouchard (1987), p. 309. 

[115] Bouchard (1987), p. 309. 

[116] Lot, F. (1891) Les derniers Carolingiens (Paris), pp. 323-34, and Poupardin, R. (1907) Le royaume de Bourgogne (888-1038): Etude sur les origines du royaume d'Arles (Paris), pp. 206 and 417, cited in Bouchard (1987), p. 309. 

[117] Duchesne, A. Histoire de Vergy, p. 46, cited in Bouchard (1987), p. 307. 

[118] Duchesne, A. (1619) Histoire des roys, ducs et comtes de Bourgogne (Paris), p. 387, cited in Bouchard (1987), p. 309. 

[119] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum II.4, p. 59. 

[120] Fragmentum Historiæ Andegavensis, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 376. 

[121] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 3, p. 7. 

[122] Chavanon, J. (ed.) (1897) Adémar de Chabannes, Chronique (Paris) III, 41, p. 163. 

[123] Castaigne, J. F. E. (ed.) (1853) Rerum Engolismensium Scriptores (Angoulême), Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis, XXIV, p. 27. 

[124] Bernard, A. (ed.) (1853) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Sauvigny (Paris) 633, p. 310. 

[125] Chevalier, U. (ed.) (1891) Cartulaire du Prieuré de Paray-le-Monial et visites de l'ordre de Cluny (Paris, Montbéliard) 5, p. 6. 

[126] Cluny Tome III, 1794, p. 49. 

[127] Paray-le-Monial 180, p. 90. 

[128] Angers 25, p. 56. 

[129] Paray-le-Moniale 193, p. 97. 

[130] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 87-8. 

[131] Historia Comitum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 320. 

[132] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 89. 

[133] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 88. 

[134] Métais, C. (ed.) (1893) Cartulaire de l´abbaye cardinale de la Trinité de Vendôme (Paris) ("Vendôme La Trinité"), Tome I, XVI, p. 34. 

[135] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XVII, p. 36. 

[136] Trémault, M. de (ed.) (1893) Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Vendômois (Paris, Vendôme) ("Marmoutier-Vendômois"), CXVII, p. 183. 

[137] Fragmentum Historiæ Andegavensis, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 376. 

[138] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1013, MGH SS XXIII, p. 780. 

[139] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 1, p. 1. 

[140] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 87-8, and Historia Comitum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 320. 

[141] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 3, p. 7. 

[142] Runciman, S. (1952) A History of the Crusades (Penguin Books, 1978), Vol. 1, p. 46.

[143] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 4, p. 10. 

[144] Marchegay, P. (ed.) (1854) Archives d'Anjou, Tome III (Angers), Cartularium monasterii beatæ Mariæ Caritatis Andegavensis ("Anjou Charité"), I, p. 3. 

[145] Anjou Charité, IV, p. 6. 

[146] Poull, G. (1994) La Maison souveraine et ducale de Bar (Presses universitaires de Nancy), p. 21. 

[147] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum III.6, p. 105. 

[148] Marchegay, P. (1843) Archives d´Anjou (Angers), Recherches sur les cartulaires d´Anjou, Cartularium Sancti-Mauri (“Saint-Maure-sur-Loire”), VIII, p. 356. 

[149] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum IV.26, pp. 213-5. 

[150] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 24.  

[151] Métais, C. (ed.) (1900) Cartulaire de l´abbaye cardinale de la Trinité de Vendôme Tome IV (Paris), Chronicon Vindocinense 1040, p. 485. 

[152] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de la Trinité de Vendôme, p. 202.       

[153] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 117. 

[154] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, VI, p. 14. 

[155] Chronico Monasterii Sancti Albini Andegavensis 1000, RHGF X, p. 274. 

[156] Anjou Charité, I, p. 3. 

[157] Anjou Charité, IV, p. 6. 

[158] Saint-Maure-sur-Loire, VIII, p. 356. 

[159] Angers 44, p. 92. 

[160] Anjou Charité, V, p. 7. 

[161] Szabolcs de Vajay 'Contribution à l'histoire de l'attitude des royaumes pirénéens dans la querelle des investitures: de l'origine de Berthe, reine d'Aragon et de Navarre', Estudios Genealógicos, Heráldicos y Nobiliarios, en honor de Vicente de Cadenas y Vicent (Hidalguía, Madrid, 1978), Vol. 2, pp. 375-402, 399. 

[162] Anjou Charité, XXXIII, p. 27. 

[163] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[164] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 24.  

[165] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 72, p. 89. 

[166] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de la Trinité de Vendôme, p. 201.       

[167] Chronicon Vindocinense 1046, p. 486. 

[168] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 100. 

[169] Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum, RHGF X, p. 258. 

[170] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, VI, p. 14. 

[171] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de la Trinité de Vendôme, p. 201.       

[172] Chronicon Vindocinense 1006, p. 483. 

[173] Anjou Charité, I, p. 3. 

[174] Anjou Charité, IV, p. 6. 

[175] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 1, p. 1. 

[176] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1015, MGH SS XXIII, p. 781. 

[177] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 100. 

[178] Chronico Andegavensi, RHGF X, p. 176. 

[179] Saint-Maure-sur-Loire, VIII, p. 356. 

[180] Davis, R. H. C. and Chibnall. M. (eds. and trans.) (1998) The Gesta Guillelmi of William of Poitiers (Oxford), Book I, c. 11. 

[181] Anjou Charité, V, p. 7. 

[182] Chifflet, P. F. (1644) Histoire de l´abbaye royale et de la ville de Tournus (Dijon), Preuves, p. 319.  

[183] Ex Chronico Turonensi, RHGF XII, p. 462. 

[184] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, p. 249 footnote 3, quoting Mss. 12700, f. 258. 

[185] Chronicon Vindocinense 1060, p. 487. 

[186] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 25.  

[187] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de la Trinité de Vendôme, p. 203.       

[188] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 117. 

[189] Flodoard Addit codex 1 (inserted after 966), MGH SS III, p. 407. 

[190] Rodulfi Glabri, Historiarum III.6, p. 107. 

[191] Cluny Tome III, 2742, p. 765. 

[192] Chronico Sancti Michaelis in periculo maris, RHGF X, p. 176. 

[193] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, pp. 23 and 24.  

[194] Chronica sancti Sergii Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, pp. 135-6.  

[195] Société des Archives Historiques du Maine (1905) Cartulaire de Château-du-Loir, Archives historiques du Maine Tome VI (Le Mans) (“Château-du-Loir”) 13, p. 5. 

[196] Anjou Charité, V, p. 7. 

[197] Angers 45, p. 93. 

[198] Société des Archives Historiques du Poitou (1872) Cartulaire du prieuré de Saint-Nicolas de Poitiers, Archives historiques du Poitou Tome I (Poitiers) (“Poitiers Saint-Nicolas”) 27, p. 32. 

[199] Angers Saint-Aubin 72, p. 89. 

[200] Szabolcs de Vajay 'Contribution à l'histoire de l'attitude des royaumes pirénéens dans la querelle des investitures: de l'origine de Berthe, reine d'Aragon et de Navarre', Estudios Genealógicos, Heráldicos y Nobiliarios, en honor de Vicente de Cadenas y Vicent (Hidalguía, Madrid, 1978), Vol. 2, pp. 375-402, 398. 

[201] Poitiers Saint-Nicolas 1, p. 5. 

[202] Poitiers Saint-Nicolas 5, p. 12. 

[203] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de la Trinité de Vendôme, p. 203.       

[204] Ronceray, role 3e, pièce 33, quoted in Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293 footnote 1. 

[205] Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293.  

[206] Ronceray, role 3e, pièce 33, quoted in Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293 footnote 1. 

[207] Denis, L. J. (ed.) (1912) Chartes de Saint-Julien de Tours (1002-1227) (Le Mans) (“Tours Saint-Julien”) Tome I, 23, p. 33. 

[208] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[209] Ronceray, role 3e, pièce 33, quoted in Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293 footnote 1.  

[210] Chifflet (1644), Preuves, p. 319. 

[211] Anjou Charité, VIII, p. 10. 

[212] Historiæ Andegavensis, RHGF X, p. 203. 

[213] Halphen & Poupardin (1913), p. 247. 

[214] Petit, Vol. V, p. 386. 

[215] Devaux, J. 'Etude chronologique des comtes de Gâtinais', Annales de la Société Historique et Archéologique du Gâtinais 3 (1885), pp. 81-2, and Paris Notre-Dame, Tome I, p. 326. 

[216] Saint-Phalle 'Les comtes de Gâtinais', p. 231, citing Poupardin, R. 'Généalogies angevines', Mélanges de l'Ecole française de Rome 20 (1900), p. 208, no. 6. 

[217] Historia Comitum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 333. 

[218] Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 402. 

[219] Historiæ Andegavensis, RHGF X, p. 203. 

[220] Halphen & Poupardin (1913), p. 247. 

[221] Petit, Vol. V, p. 386. 

[222] Ex continuatione Historiæ Aimoni Monachi Floriacensis, RHGF XI, p. 276. 

[223] Burke´s Peerage I, p. 833. 

[224] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 117. 

[225] Historia Comitum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 333. 

[226] Marmoutier CXVII, p. 183. 

[227] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CLIX, p. 276. 

[228] Anjou Charité, VIII, p. 10. 

[229] Ex Chronico Turonensi, RHGF XII, p. 462. 

[230] Sharpe, Rev. J. (trans.), revised Stephenson, Rev. J. (1854) William of Malmesbury, The Kings before the Norman Conquest (Seeleys, London, reprint Llanerch, 1989) III, 235, p. 224, and Chibnall, M. (ed. and trans.) The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, Vol. III, (Oxford Medieval Texts, 1969-80), Vol. II, Book IV, p. 307. 

[231] Chronicon Vindocinense 1067 and 1068, pp. 488-9. 

[232] Chronica domni Rainaldi archidiaconi sancti Mauricii Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 12.  

[233] Halphen, L. (1906) Le comté d´Anjou au XI siècle (Angers), Catalogue, 158, p. 290, citing Cartul. de Saint-Nicolas, fol. 14 v, Arch. du Maine-et-Loire, H 397, no. 22. 

[234] Halphen (1906), p. 135, footnote 1, and Catalogue, 240, p. 313, citing Coll. Baluze, vol. 38, fol. 183, d´après le Cartulaire de Bourgeuil, fol. 97. 

[235] Halphen (1906), Catalogue, 186, p. 298, citing Prou, Recueil des actes de Philippe I, no. 34. 

[236] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CLIX, p. 276. 

[237] Historiæ Andegavensis, RHGF X, p. 203. 

[238] Marmoutier CXVII, p. 183. 

[239] Chronicon Vindocinense 1067 and 1068, pp. 488-7. 

[240] Kerrebrouck, P. Van (2000) Les Capétiens 987-1328 (Villeneuve d'Asq), p. 70. 

[241] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. II, Book IV, pp. 307 and 309. 

[242] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[243] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de la Trinité de Vendôme, p. 201.       

[244] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de la Trinité de Vendôme, List of anniversaries extracted from a lost necrology, p. 206.       

[245] Chronicon Vindocinense 1109, p. 492. 

[246] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 140. 

[247] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 140. 

[248] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 141. 

[249] Halphen (1906), p. 169, footnote 4, quoting a charter of Saint-Florent de Saumur, Arch. du Maine-et-Loire, fonds de la mense commune, domaine de Saumur, orig.. 

[250] Halphen (1906), Catalogue, 231, p. 310, citing citing Cartul. de Saint-Nicolas, fol. 123. 

[251] Halphen & Poupardin (1913), Genealogiæ comitum Andegavensium, V, p. 249. 

[252] Saint-Phalle 'Les comtes de Gâtinais', p. 231, citing Poupardin, R. 'Généalogies angevines', Mélanges de l'Ecole française de Rome 20 (1900), p. 208, no. 6. 

[253] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 167. 

[254] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 140. 

[255] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. V, Book IX, p. 11. 

[256] De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses MGH SS, p. 257. 

[257] RHC, Historiens occidentaux I, Historia Rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("L'estoire de Eracles Empereur et la conqueste de la terre d'Outremer"), (“WT”) XIV.I, p. 606. 

[258] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, p. 107. 

[259] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 72. 

[260] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, pp. 51-5. 

[261] Bienvenue, J. M. (ed.) (2000) Grand Cartulaire de Fontevraud Tome I (Poitiers) (“Fontevraud”) 156, p. 142. 

[262] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1095, MGH SS XXIII, p. 803. 

[263] Angers 65, p. 127. 

[264] WTC XIV.I, p. 606. 

[265] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 140. 

[266] Ex Chronico Briocensi, RHGF XII, p. 566. 

[267] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. II, Book IV, p. 353. 

[268] Angers 93, p. 171. 

[269] Rosenzweig, L. (ed.) (1895) Cartulaire générale du Morbihan Tome I (Vannes) (“Morbihan”) 192, p. 155. 

[270] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[271] Redon, Monasterii S. Salvatoris Rotonensis Annales, VII Sepulturæ Insigniores, p. 451. 

[272] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 140. 

[273] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1095, MGH SS XXIII, p. 803. 

[274] Angers 65, p. 127. 

[275] WTC XIV.I, p. 606. 

[276] Broussillon, B. de (1893) La maison de Craon (Paris), Tome I, 96, p. 55. 

[277] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 142. 

[278] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[279] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 142. 

[280] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 140. 

[281] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1095, MGH SS XXIII, p. 803. 

[282] WTC XIV.I, p. 606. 

[283] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 140. 

[284] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1095, MGH SS XXIII, p. 803. 

[285] WTC XIV.I, p. 606. 

[286] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. IV, Book VIII, p. 187. 

[287] Angers 65, p. 127. 

[288] WTC XIV.I, p. 606. 

[289] Fontevraud 156, p. 142. 

[290] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 84, p. 99. 

[291] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 181. 

[292] Malmesbury, 419, p. 365. 

[293] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 311.

[294] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 178. 

[295] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 195. 

[296] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 203. 

[297] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 227-8. 

[298] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 233.   

[299] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[300] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. IV, Book VIII, p. 199. 

[301] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 143. 

[302] Château-du-Loir 78, p. 44. 

[303] Fontevraud 165, p. 155. 

[304] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[305] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 33.  

[306] Obituaires de Sens Tome IV, Prieuré de Fontaines, p. 188.       

[307] WTC XII.IV, p. 517. 

[308] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 177. 

[309] Rozière, E. de (ed.) (1849) (Paris) Cartulaire de l'église de Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem (“Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem”), 44, p. 81. 

[310] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 231-2. 

[311] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 233.   

[312] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 334-5. 

[313] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 360. 

[314] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. V, Book X, p. 229. 

[315] WTC XIV.I, p. 607. 

[316] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 181. 

[317] Thorpe, B. (ed.) (1849) Florentii Wigorniensis Monachi Chronicon, Tomus II (London) (“Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon”), Continuatio, p. 71. 

[318] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 331. 

[319] Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (2002) Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166. II. Pipe Rolls to Cartæ Baronum (Boydell) (“Domesday Descendants”), p. 131. 

[320] Fontevraud 99, p. 87. 

[321] Berger, E. (ed.) (1916) Recueil des actes de Henri II roi d´Angleterre et duc de Normandie (Paris) ("Actes Henri II"), Tome I, XLIV, p. 49. 

[322] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. V, Book X, p. 229. 

[323] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 165, and Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 333. 

[324] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, p. 167. 

[325] Malmesbury, 419, p. 365. 

[326] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 379. 

[327] WTC XIV.I, p. 607. 

[328] Guérard, M. (ed.) (1840) (Paris) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Bertin (“Saint-Bertin”) II.11, p. 300. 

[329] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 262. 

[330] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 361. 

[331] Annales Aquicinctini 1165, MGH SS XVI, p. 504. 

[332] Robert, U. (1891) Bullaire du Pape Calixte II 1119-1124 (Paris), ii, no. 507, cited in Chibnall, Vol. VI, p. 166. 

[333] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. V, Book X, p. 229. 

[334] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 152. 

[335] Obituaires de Sens Tome IV, Prieuré de Fontaines, p. 188.       

[336] Actes Henri II, Tome I, XIV, p. 18. 

[337] Chronicon Vindocinense 1151, p. 494. 

[338] WTC XIV.I, p. 607. 

[339] Merlet, L. (ed.) (1883) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de la Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, Tome I (Chartres) (“Tiron Sainte-Trinité”) XXXIII, p. 53. 

[340] Delisle, L. (ed.) (1872) Chronique de Robert de Torigni, abbé de Mont-Saint-Michel (Rouen) Tome II, p. 28. 

[341] Société Historique et Archéologique de l'Orne (1889) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Notre-Dame de la Trappe (Alençon) (“Notre-Dame de la Trappe”) M.XLV, p. 348. 

[342] WTC XV.XXVII, p. 702, and XVI.I, p. 704. 

[343] WTC XV.XXVII, p. 702, and XVI.I, p. 704. 

[344] Actes Henri II, Tome I, LVI, LVII, and LVIII, pp. 156-60. 

[345] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. V, Book X, p. 229. 

[346] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 32.  

[347] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XIII, p. 483. 

[348] Luard, H. R. (ed.) (1874) Matthæi Parisiensis, Monachi Sancti Albani, Chronica Majora (London) (“MP”), Vol. II, 1143, p. 177. 

[349] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1151, p. 256. 

[350] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[351] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 391. 

[352] Stubbs, W. (ed.) (1879) The Historical Works of Gervase of Canterbury, Vol. I (London) (“Gervase”), p. 92. 

[353] Angers 138, p. 225. 

[354] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1167, p. 367. 

[355] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[356] WTC XIV.I, p. 607. 

[357] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 33.  

[358] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1152, MGH SS XXIII, p. 841. 

[359] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1189, MGH SS XXIII, p. 861. 

[360] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1134, pp. 192-3. 

[361] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 33.  

[362] WT XIV.I, p. 607. 

[363] Angers 138, p. 225. 

[364] Domesday Descendants, pp. 243 and 989. 

[365] MP, Vol. II, 1158, p. 215. 

[366] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1158, p. 311. 

[367] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1136, p. 202. 

[368] Chronicæ sancti Albini Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 34.  

[369] WTC XIV.I, p. 607. 

[370] Domesday Descendants, pp. 989-990. 

[371] Chronique de Robert de Torigny I, 1164, p. 350. 

[372] Stubbs, W. (ed.) (1847) Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi Benedicti Abbatis, The Chronicle of the reigns of Henry II and Richard I 1169-1192, known commonly under the name of Benedict of Peterborough (London) (“Benedict of Peterborough”) Vol. 2 1189, p. 80.   

[373] De Origine Comitum Andegavensium, RHGF XII, p. 536. 

[374] Williams ab Ithel, J. (ed.) (1860) Brut y Tywysogion, or the Chronicle of the Princes of Wales (London) ("Brut y Tywysogion (Williams)"), p. 225. 

[375] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XXI (1896) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 20th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 20 Hen II (1173/74)"), London/Middlesex, p. 9. 

[376] Public Record Office (1920) Liber Feodum, The Book of Fees commonly called Testa de Nevill (London) ("Testa de Nevill"), Part I, p. 146. 

[377] Sturdza, M. D. (1999) Dictionnaire Historique et Généalogique des Grandes Familles de Grèce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople 2nd Edn. (Paris), p. 505. 

[378] Osio, L. (ed.) (1864) Documenti Diplomatici tratti dagli archivii Milanesi (Milan) ("Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi"), Vol. I, CLXVI, p. 228. 

[379] According to Kerrebrouck, P. Van (1990) Les Valois (Villeneuve d'Asq), p. 285, she was born at Zaragoza 2 Dec 1380. 

[380] Capasso, B. (ed.) ´Le chronache de li antique ri del regno di Napoli di D. Gaspare Fuscolillo´, Archivio storico per le province Napoletane, Anno Primo, Fascicolo I (Naples, 1876) ("Gaspare Fuscolillo"), I, p. 46. 

[381] State Archives, volume 102, page 86, fascicule 2, and Guichenon, S. (1780) Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie (Turin) ("Guichenon (Savoie)"), Tome IV, Preuves, p. 346. 

[382] Kerrebrouck (1990), p. 319 footnote 16. 

[383] The date of her will. 

[384] Kerrebrouck (1990), p. 321 footnote 28. 

[385] Chronicle of Warkworth, p. 19, cited in CP XIV 260. 

[386] Griffiths, Ralph (1981) The Reign of King Henry VI, p. 802, cited in CP XIV 259-60. 

[387] Kerrebrouck (1990), p. 317, citing Griffiths (1981) who suggests that "Auricher" may have been a corruption of "Devonshire". 

[388] Gaspare Fuscolillo, I, p. 46. 

[389] Gaspare Fuscolillo, I, p. 46. 

[390] Gaspare Fuscolillo, I, p. 46. 

[391] Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Vol. I (1834), XXXVII (MS. Reg. 2 B. XV), p. 280. 

[392] Kerrebrouck (1990), p. 506.  According to Kerrebrouck, P. Van (1987) La Maison de Bourbon 1256-1987 (Villeneuve d'Asq), p. 116, she died [1574]. 

[393] Mabille (1871), Pièces justificatives, III, p. xciv. 

[394] Angers 21, p. 50. 

[395] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 3, p. 7. 

[396] Grandmaison, C. de (1886) Fragments de chartes du X siècle provenant de Saint-Julien de Tours (Paris) ("Tours Saint-Julien (Fragments)"), XXVI, p. 69. 

[397] RHGF 10, Roberti Regis Diplomata, XI, p. 583. 

[398] Métais, C. (ed.) (1910) Chartes Vendômoises (Vendôme), XXIII, p. 33. 

[399] Angers 27, p. 60. 

[400] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 4, p. 10. 

[401] Angers 22, p. 52. 

[402] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 3, p. 7. 

[403] Angers 25, p. 56. 

[404] RHGF 10, Roberti Regis Diplomata, XI, p. 583. 

[405] Angers 28, p. 62. 

[406] RHGF 10, Roberti Regis Diplomata, XI, p. 583. 

[407] Broussillon, B. de (1895) La maison de Laval (Paris), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[408] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[409] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[410] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872) Chroniques craonnaises, 2nd edn. (Le Mans), p. 121. 

[411] Anjou Charité, CCVI, p. 134. 

[412] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872) Chroniques craonnaises, 2nd edn. (Le Mans), p. 121. 

[413] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XVI, p. 34. 

[414] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 16, p. 25. 

[415] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 18, p. 31. 

[416] Salmon, A. (ed.) (1854) Recueil des chroniques de Touraine (Tours) ("Chroniques de Touraine"), Chronicon Turonense Abbreviatum, p. 188. 

[417] Métais, C. (ed.) (1889/91) Marmoutier Cartulaire Blésois (Blois) (“Marmoutier (Blésois)”), I, XLII, p. 55. 

[418] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 31, p. 45. 

[419] Chronica domni Rainaldi archidiaconi sancti Mauricii Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 12.  

[420] Métais, C. (ed.) (1900) Cartulaire de l´abbaye cardinale de la Trinité de Vendôme Tome IV (Paris), Chronicon Vindocinense 1067, p. 488. 

[421] Trémault, M. de (ed.) (1893) Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Vendômois (Paris, Vendôme) ("Marmoutier-Vendômois"), XXXVII, p. 61. 

[422] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XCVIII, p. 154. 

[423] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, XLII, p. 55. 

[424] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 31, p. 45. 

[425] Brossay, M. du (ed.) (1903) Cartulaire d'Azé et du Genétil, Archives historiques du Maine Tome III (Le Mans) ("Azé et du Genétil") I, p. 51. 

[426] Marmoutier-Vendômois, CLXIV, p. 233. 

[427] Marmoutier-Vendômois, CLXIV, p. 233. 

[428] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XXXVII, p. 61. 

[429] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, XL, p. 51. 

[430] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCLI, p. 396. 

[431] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCXCIII, p. 447. 

[432] Nobilleau, P. (ed.) (1879) Marmoutier, Dom Claude Chantelou, Cartulaire Tourangeau (Paris) ("Marmoutier-Tours"), p. 38. 

[433] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LVII, p. 66. 

[434] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LXIV, p. 72. 

[435] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LXVI, p. 74. 

[436] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LXVI, p. 74. 

[437] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 48. 

[438] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LVII, p. 66. 

[439] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 48. 

[440] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LXVI, p. 74. 

[441] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LXVI, p. 74. 

[442] Lecesne, H. (ed.) (1874) Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Dunois ("Marmoutier-Dunois") Cartæ Prioratuum Dunensium, CXXVI, p. 117. 

[443] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CLXXIX, p. 309. 

[444] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXXXVI, p. 134. 

[445] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCLXX, p. 421. 

[446] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXXXVI, p. 134. 

[447] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, XLII, p. 55. 

[448] Azé et du Genétil II, p. 51. 

[449] Anjou Charité, CXVIII, p. 87. 

[450] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, CCCCXII, p. 19. 

[451] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCXVII, p. 180. 

[452] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[453] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 366, p. 218. 

[454] Anjou Charité, CCXXV, p. 144. 

[455] Anjou Charité, CXXIV, p. 90. 

[456] Anjou Charité, CXVIII, p. 87. 

[457] Anjou Charité, CXVIII, p. 87. 

[458] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, XLII, p. 55. 

[459] Marmoutier-Vendômois, CLXIV, p. 233. 

[460] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, XL, p. 51. 

[461] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LXXX, p. 125. 

[462] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XXXVII, p. 61. 

[463] Anjou Charité, CXVIII, p. 87. 

[464] Anjou Charité, CXVIII, p. 87. 

[465] Geslin de Bourgogne, J. & Barthélémy, A. de (1864) Anciens évêchés de Bretagne, Histoire et monuments (Paris, Saint-Brieuc) Tome IV, VIII, p. 395. 

[466] Marmoutier-Vendômois, Saint-Marz-lèz-Vendôme, II, p. 277. 

[467] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LVII, p. 66. 

[468] Marmoutier (Blésois), I, LVII, p. 66. 

[469] Anjou Charité, CXVIII, p. 87. 

[470] Anjou Charité, CCCLXXXI, p. 232. 

[471] Azé et du Genétil XVII, p. 71. 

[472] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCXVII, p. 180. 

[473] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXIX, p. 175. 

[474] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXX, p. 175. 

[475] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXXI, p. 176. 

[476] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[477] Anjou Charité, CXX, p. 88. 

[478] Azé et du Genétil XI, p. 64. 

[479] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXX, p. 175. 

[480] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 110, p. 67. 

[481] Urseau, C. (ed.) (1908) Cartulaire noir de la cathédrale d'Angers (Paris, Angers) (“Angers”) 206, p. 305. 

[482] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[483] Angers 206, p. 305. 

[484] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXX, p. 175. 

[485] Angers 206, p. 305. 

[486] Angers 206, p. 305. 

[487] Azé et du Genétil XXI, p. 75. 

[488] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[489] Azé et du Genétil XXIV, p. 78. 

[490] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXXVI, p. 180. 

[491] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXXVI, p. 180. 

[492] Azé et du Genétil XXV, p. 79. 

[493] Azé et du Genétil XXX, p. 85. 

[494] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1837) Rotuli Chartarum in Turri Londinensi, Vol. I, Part I 1199-1216 (London) ("Rotuli Chartarum"), 2 John, p. 70. 

[495] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXXVI, p. 180. 

[496] Azé et du Genétil XXV, p. 79. 

[497] Azé et du Genétil XXIV, p. 78. 

[498] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXXVI, p. 180. 

[499] Azé et du Genétil XXI, p. 75. 

[500] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXXVI, p. 180. 

[501] Azé et du Genétil XXV, p. 79. 

[502] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Collégiale de Nogent-le-Rotrou, p. 385.       

[503] Duchesne, A. (1624) Histoire généalogique de la maison de Montmorency et de Laval (Paris), Preuves, p. 106. 

[504] Duchesne (1624), Preuves, p. 108. 

[505] Blanchard, R. ´Cartulaire des Sires de Rays (suite)´, Archives Historiques du Poitou, Tome XXX (Poitiers, 1899), ("Rays, Vol. II), CCXVII, p. 241. 

[506] Rays, Vol. II, CCXIII, p. 235. 

[507] Blanchard, R. ´Cartulaire des Sires de Rays´, Archives Historiques du Poitou, Tome XXVIII (Poitiers, 1898), ("Rays, Vol. I"), XXXVIII, p. 96. 

[508] Rays, Vol. I, XL, p. 103. 

[509] Rays, Vol. II, CCXXXVI, p. 299. 

[510] Rays, Vol. I, XLV, p. 110. 

[511] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, VI, p. 14. 

[512] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872) Chroniques craonnaises, 2nd edn. (Le Mans), p. 121. 

[513] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, I, p. 1. 

[514] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), p. 119. 

[515] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, VI, p. 14. 

[516] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCXVII, p. 348. 

[517] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCLXVI, p. 416. 

[518] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, VI, p. 14. 

[519] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, VI, p. 14. 

[520] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CLXXXIV, p. 316. 

[521] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCXVII, p. 348. 

[522] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCLXIV, p. 413. 

[523] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCLXVI, p. 416. 

[524] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 165, p. 189. 

[525] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXLVIII, p. 88. 

[526] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXCIV, p. 144. 

[527] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCXVII, p. 348. 

[528] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCLXVI, p. 416. 

[529] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 165, p. 189. 

[530] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 165, p. 189. 

[531] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXLVIII, p. 88. 

[532] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCXII, p. 171. 

[533] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), p. 166. 

[534] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), p. 166. 

[535] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 100, p. 59. 

[536] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), p. 166. 

[537] Anjou Charité, CCCLXXXI, p. 232. 

[538] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 111, p. 87. 

[539] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), p. 171, quoting charte de La Roë, CXCIX. 

[540] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 178, p. 116. 

[541] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 178, p. 116. 

[542] Lobineau, G. A. (1707) Histoire de Bretagne (Paris), Tome II, col. 218. 

[543] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 112, p. 88, extract only, citing La Roë, no. 13. 

[544] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi Q, p. 693, quoting Cartulaire de La Roë, LI. 

[545] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), p. 171, quoting charte de La Roë, CXCIX. 

[546] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E3, p. 598. 

[547] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, p. 65, citing Cartulaire de la Roë, no. 163. 

[548] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, p. 65, citing Fonds français, no. 22450, fol. 176. 

[549] Lobineau (1707), Tome II, col. 218. 

[550] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[551] Hunter, J. (ed.) (1844) The Great Rolls of the Pipe for the second, third and fourth years of the reign of King Henry II 1155-1158 (London) ("Pipe Roll")  3 Hen II (1156), Lincolnshire, pp. 80 and 137-8. 

[552] Stenton, F. M. (ed.) (1920) Documents illustrative of the social and economic history of the Danelaw from various collections (London) ("Stenton (Danelaw, 1920)"), Kirkstead, 158, p. 106. 

[553] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 158, p. 106. 

[554] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 158, p. 106. 

[555] Ex Fragmentis Chronicorum Comitum Pictaviæ, Ducum Aquitaniæ, RHGF XII, p. 409. 

[556] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXLVIII, p. 88. 

[557] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXLVIII, p. 88. 

[558] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCCXII, p. 171. 

[559] WT, XV.VI, p. 667. 

[560] WT, XVII.I, p. 759. 

[561] Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis, XXXV, p. 45. 

[562] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXCIV, p. 144. 

[563] Anjou Charité, CLXVIII, p. 112. 

[564] Williams, A. & Martin, G. H. (eds.) (2003) Domesday Book, a complete translation (Penguin Classics) ("Domesday Translation"), Leicestershire, XXIIII, p. 642, Lincolnshire, LVII, pp. 949-51. 

[565] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan, K. 'Domesday People Revisited', Foundations, Vol. 4 (May 2012), p. 18. 

[566] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[567] Riley, H. (ed.) (1854) Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland (London) (“Ingulph's Chronicle”), p. 233. 

[568] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 245. 

[569] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, I, p. 125. 

[570] Waters, R. E. C. (1882) A Roll of the Owners of Land in Parts of Lindsey in Lincolnshire in the reign of Henry I (reprinted from the Associated Architectural Societies´ Reports and Papers, 1882, Vol. XVI, Part ii), p. 27.  Horace Round is highly critical of Waters´s edition (Round, J. H. (1909) Feudal England (London), The Lindsey Survey (1115-1118), p. 182-3), but there appears no reason to doubt the accuracy of the names of the persons which are recorded. 

[571] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, II, p. 125. 

[572] Stenton (Danelaw, 1920), Kirkstead, 202, p. 140. 

[573] Johnson, C. & Cronne, H. A. (ed.) (1968) Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (Oxford), Vol. III, 412, p. 157. 

[574] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 245. 

[575] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[576] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, I, p. 125. 

[577] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[578] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[579] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 245. 

[580] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, I, p. 125. 

[581] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, II, p. 125. 

[582] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XXX (1909) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 27th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 27 Hen II (1180/81)"), Warwickshire/Leicestershire, p. 78. 

[583] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, III, p. 126. 

[584] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, III, p. 126. 

[585] Pipe Roll 27 Hen II (1180/81), Warwickshire/Leicestershire, p. 78. 

[586] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, III, p. 126. 

[587] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XXXI (1910) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 28th year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 28 Hen II (1181/82)"), Lincolnshire, p. 57. 

[588] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, III, p. 126. 

[589] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1835) Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus in Turri Londinensi asservati tempore Regis Johannis (London) ("Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus"), 7 John, p. 315. 

[590] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 410. 

[591] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 74. 

[592] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[593] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[594] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 245. 

[595] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[596] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[597] Thorney Abbey Liber Vitæ, fol. 3r, BL Add. MS 40,000, quoted in Keats-Rohan 'Domesday People Revisited' (May 2012), p. 18. 

[598] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Freston Priory, Lincolnshire, II, p. 125. 

[599] Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 412, p. 157. 

[600] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 233.  

[601] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 243. 

[602] Ingulph's Chronicle, p. 233. 

[603] Lobineau (1707), Tome II, col. 218. 

[604] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 157, p. 109. 

[605] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 177, p. 114. 

[606] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 178, p. 116. 

[607] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E3, p. 598. 

[608] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[609] Farcy, P. de (ed.) (1907) Cartulaire et obituaire du prieuré des Bonshommes de Craon (Laval) ("Craon Bonshommes"), I, p. 9. 

[610] Craon Bonshommes, Obituaire, p. 117. 

[611] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 157, p. 109. 

[612] Berger, E. (ed.) (1920) Recueil des actes de Henri II roi d´Angleterre et duc de Normandie (Paris) ("Actes Henri II"), Tome II, DCXXVIII, p. 238. 

[613] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 177, p. 114. 

[614] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 177, p. 114. 

[615] Guyard de la Fosse, J. B. (1850) Histoire des seigneurs de Mayenne (Le Mans), Preuves, XVII.  

[616] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[617] Gesta Guillelmi Majoris Andegavensis Episcopi, Spicilegium II, p. 161. 

[618] Craon Bonshommes, II, p. 10. 

[619] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 201, p. 131, citing Bibliothèque Nationale, Fonds français, 22450, f. 320, 321. 

[620] Ex Chronico Savigniacensis Monasterii, RHGF XVIII, p. 352. 

[621] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[622] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[623] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 68. 

[624] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 284, p. 166. 

[625] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 288, p. 171. 

[626] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 298, p. 177. 

[627] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 327, p. 202. 

[628] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 333, p. 206. 

[629] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 340, p. 208. 

[630] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[631] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, XVII.  

[632] Grosse-Duperon, A. & Gouvrion, E. (eds.) (1896) Cartulaire de l´abbaye cistercienne de Fontaine-Daniel (Mayenne) ("Fontaine-Daniel"), IX, p. 13. 

[633] Fontaine-Daniel, XXI, p. 46. 

[634] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[635] Fontaine-Daniel, LXXXII, p. 107. 

[636] Fontaine-Daniel, XVII, p. 25. 

[637] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 157, p. 109. 

[638] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 177, p. 114. 

[639] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[640] Craon Bonshommes, II, p. 10. 

[641] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, XVII.  

[642] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 201, p. 131, citing Bibliothèque Nationale, Fonds français, 22450, f. 320, 321. 

[643] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 203, p. 153. 

[644] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 177, p. 114. 

[645] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[646] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 201, p. 131, citing Bibliothèque Nationale, Fonds français, 22450, f. 320, 321. 

[647] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[648] Gesta Guillelmi Majoris Andegavensis Episcopi, Spicilegium II, p. 172. 

[649] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 201, p. 131, citing Bibliothèque Nationale, Fonds français, 22450, f. 320, 321. 

[650] Craon Bonshommes, XIV, p. 16. 

[651] Chroniques de Touraine, Chronicon Turonense Magnum, p. 153. 

[652] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 1594, p. 10. 

[653] Craon Bonshommes, XVII, p. 18. 

[654] Ex Chronico Savigniacensis Monasterii, RHGF XVIII, p. 352. 

[655] Craon Bonshommes, Obituaire, p. 109. 

[656] Delisle, L. (ed.) (1856) Catalogue des actes de Philippe-Auguste (Paris), 1885, p. 415. 

[657] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 242 bis, p. 162. 

[658] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 1915, p. 117. 

[659] Chronicon Savigniacense, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber II, Collectio Veterum, p. 319. 

[660] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 285, p. 195. 

[661] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 285, p. 195. 

[662] Francisque-Michel (ed.) (1875) Rôles Gascons (Paris), Tome I, 38 Hen III, 3865, p. 483. 

[663] Blanchard, R. ´Cartulaire des Sires de Rays´, Archives Historiques du Poitou, Tome XXVIII (Poitiers, 1898), ("Rays, Vol. I"), XIX, p. 25. 

[664] Métais, C. (ed.) (1895) Cartulaire de l´abbaye cardinale de la Trinité de Vendôme (Paris) ("Vendôme La Trinité"), Tome III, DCCXLI, p. 165. 

[665] Marchegay, P. (ed.) (1853) Archives d'Anjou, Tome II (Angers), Trésor des Chartes, Titres originaux Anjou et Craon ("Titres Anjou Craon"), Craon V, p. 222. 

[666] ES III 719. 

[667] Rays, Vol. I, XIX, p. 25. 

[668] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 306, p. 218, citing Archives de la Trémoïlle, no. 89 de l´Inventaire de 1502. 

[669] Rays, Vol. I, XLI, p. 104. 

[670] Rays, Vol. II, CXXVI, p. 66. 

[671] Chronicon Turonense, RHGF XVIII, p. 303. 

[672] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi F, p. 599. 

[673] Chronicon Savigniacense, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber II, Collectio Veterum, p. 319. 

[674] Marchegay, P. (1843) Archives d´Anjou (Angers), Recherches sur les cartulaires d´Anjou, Le Livre Noir de Saint-Florent de Saumur, Analyse des chartes (“Saint-Florent de Saumur, Livre Noir, Analyse”), CLIII, p. 286. 

[675] Saint-Florent de Saumur, Livre Noir, Analyse, CLIII, p. 286. 

[676] Saint-Florent de Saumur, Livre Noir, Analyse, CLIII, p. 286. 

[677] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XIII, p. 22. 

[678] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XVII, p. 36. 

[679] Marmoutier-Vendômois, V, p. 8. 

[680] Marmoutier-Vendômois, V, p. 8. 

[681] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XX, p. 34. 

[682] Marmoutier-Vendômois, LV, p. 89. 

[683] Halphen, L. (1906) Le comté d´Anjou au XI siècle (Angers), p. 135, footnote 1, and Catalogue, 240, p. 313, citing Coll. Baluze, vol. 38, fol. 183, d´après le Cartulaire de Bourgeuil, fol. 97. 

[684] Halphen (1906), p. 135, footnote 1, and Catalogue, 240, p. 313, citing Coll. Baluze, vol. 38, fol. 183, d´après le Cartulaire de Bourgeuil, fol. 97. 

[685] Marmoutier-Vendômois, V, p. 8. 

[686] Marmoutier-Vendômois, V, p. 8. 

[687] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XX, p. 34. 

[688] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XLVI, p. 99. 

[689] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 26. 

[690] Marmoutier-Vendômois, IV, p. 6. 

[691] Marmoutier-Vendômois, XII, p. 19. 

[692] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[693] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 480, p. 276. 

[694] Halphen (1906), p. 135, footnote 1, and Catalogue, 240, p. 313, citing Coll. Baluze, vol. 38, fol. 183, d´après le Cartulaire de Bourgeuil, fol. 97. 

[695] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCL, p. 394. 

[696] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCII, p. 7. 

[697] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXXVI, p. 37. 

[698] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXCVII, p. 147. 

[699] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[700] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, XLVI, p. 99. 

[701] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome I, CCL, p. 394. 

[702] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXXVI, p. 37. 

[703] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[704] Le Mans Saint-Vincent, Liber primus, 175, p. 105. 

[705] Halphen (1906), Catalogue, 158, p. 290, citing Cartul. de Saint-Nicolas, fol. 14 v, Arch. du Maine-et-Loire, H 397, no. 22.  

[706] Halphen (1906), p. 135, footnote 1, and Catalogue, 240, p. 313, citing Coll. Baluze, vol. 38, fol. 183, d´après le Cartulaire de Bourgeuil, fol. 97. 

[707] Halphen (1906), Catalogue, 186, p. 298, citing Prou, Recueil des actes de Philippe I, no. 34. 

[708] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXCVII, p. 147. 

[709] Marchegay, P. (ed.) (1853) Archives d'Anjou, Tome II (Angers), Les prieurés de Marmoutier en Anjou, Inventaire des titres, Supplément aux chartes des XI et XII siècle ("Marmoutier-Anjou"), Cartæ de Relliaco, XI, p. 40. 

[710] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXCVII, p. 147. 

[711] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXCVII, p. 147. 

[712] Vendôme La Trinité, Tome II, CCCXXVI, p. 37. 

[713] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXVIII, p. 174. 

[714] Anjou Charité, CXXX, p. 92. 

[715] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives LXVI, p. 691. 

[716] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, CCCCXII, p. 19. 

[717] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXII, p. 153. 

[718] Azé et du Genétil V, p. 56. 

[719] Anjou Charité, CXXX, p. 92. 

[720] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives LXVI, p. 691. 

[721] Anjou Charité, CXXX, p. 92. 

[722] Planchenault, A. (ed.) (1903) Cartulaire du chapitre de Saint-Laud d´Angers (Angers) ("Angers Saint-Laud"), 5, p. 6. 

[723] Anjou Charité, CCCLXXXI, p. 232. 

[724] Anjou Charité, CXCIV, p. 127. 

[725] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives LXVII, p. 693. 

[726] Angers Saint-Laud, 5, p. 6. 

[727] Anjou Charité, CXXX, p. 92. 

[728] Angers Saint-Laud, 5, p. 6. 

[729] Anjou Charité, CXXX, p. 92. 

[730] Azé et du Genétil V, p. 56. 

[731] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives LXVI, p. 691. 

[732] Angers Saint-Laud, 5, p. 6. 

[733] Piolin (1856), Tome III, Pièces justificatives LXVII, p. 693. 

[734] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCLXXVIII, p. 174. 

[735] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCCCLXI, p. 335. 

[736] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 85, p. 100. 

[737] ES XIV 116. 

[738] Ménage, G. (1683) Histoire de Sablé (Paris), Tome I, p. 3. 

[739] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 85, p. 100. 

[740] Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d´Anjou, p. 388. 

[741] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 85, p. 100. 

[742] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 85, p. 100. 

[743] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 86, p. 101. 

[744] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 104, p. 115. 

[745] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 104, p. 115. 

[746] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 94, p. 108. 

[747] Anjou Charité, CCVIII, p. 134. 

[748] Anjou Charité, CXCIV, p. 127. 

[749] Anjou Charité, CXXXII, p. 95. 

[750] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCCCXII, p. 291. 

[751] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome II, DCCCXIII, p. 292. 

[752] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 178, p. 116. 

[753] Lobineau (1707), Tome II, col. 218. 

[754] Guyard de la Fosse (1850), Preuves, XVIII.  

[755] Fontaine-Daniel, XVI, p. 20. 

[756] Fontaine-Daniel, XVI, p. 20. 

[757] Fontaine-Daniel, XVII, p. 25. 

[758] Azé et du Genétil XXVIII, p. 83. 

[759] Bodard de la Jacopière (1872), Renvoi E2, p. 596, quoting Coll. Housseau, Vol. VI, no. 2135. 

[760] Fontaine-Daniel, LXXXII, p. 107. 

[761] Fontaine-Daniel, XVII, p. 25. 

[762] Azé et du Genétil XXVIII, p. 83. 

[763] Fontaine-Daniel, CXXVI, p. 140. 

[764] Fontaine-Daniel, CXXVI, p. 140. 

[765] Azé et du Genétil XXVIII, p. 83. 

[766] Broussillon (1893), Tome I, 178, p. 116. 

[767] Anjou Charité, CCVIII, p. 134. 

[768] Anjou Charité, CCVIII, p. 134. 

[769] Anjou Charité, CCVIII, p. 134. 

[770] Titres Anjou Craon, 36, p. 175. 

[771] Broussillon (1895), Tome I, 366 bis, p. 217, extract only, citing A.N., MM, 746, 223. 

[772] Titres Anjou Craon, 36, p. 175. 

[773] Titres Anjou Craon, 36, p. 175. 

[774] Gesta Ambaziensium Dominorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 194. 

[775] Gesta Ambaziensium Dominorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 194. 

[776] Gesta Ambaziensium Dominorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 194. 

[777] Marchegay, P. and Mabille, E. (eds.) (1869) Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou (Paris) Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis, p. 293.  

[778] Varin, P. (1844) Archives législatives de la ville de Reims (Paris) Seconde Partie, Statuts, Vol. I, p. 98. 

[779] Narratio Controversæ inter Capitulum S. Martini Turonensis et Radulphum eiusdem urbis Archiepiscopum, RHGF XII, p. 460. 

[780] Ronceray, role 3e, pièce 33, quoted in Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293 footnote 1. 

[781] L'Obituaire de la Cathédrale d'Angers

[782] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 78. 

[783] Richard, A. (1903) Histoire des Comtes de Poitou (republished Princi Negue, 2003) Tome II 110 footnote 6, citing Besly Histoire des comtes de Poitou, p. 81. 

[784] Société des Archives Historiques du Poitou (1874) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Cyprien de Poitiers, Archives historiques du Poitou Tome III (Poitiers) ("Poitiers Saint-Cyprien") 271, p. 174. 

[785] Richard (1903) II 109. 

[786] Richard, A. (ed.) (1886) Chartes et documents pour servir à l'histoire de l'abbaye de Saint-Maixent, Archives historiques du Poitou Tome XVI (Poitiers) ("Saint-Maixent") Vol. I, XCII, p. 112. 

[787] Saint-Maixent Vol. I, XCIII, p. 113. 

[788] Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293.  

[789] Ménage (1683), Tome I, p. 52, citing Peletier, L. le Titres de l´Abbayie de S. Nicolas d´Angers, p. 88. 

[790] Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293.  

[791] Narratio Controversæ inter Capitulum S. Martini Turonensis et Radulphum eiusdem urbis Archiepiscopum, RHGF XII, p. 460. 

[792] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, CCXXI, p. 261. 

[793] Varin (1844) Statuts, Vol. I, p. 65. 

[794] Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 293.  

[795] Ménage (1683), Tome I, p. 52, citing Peletier, L. le Titres de l´Abbayie de S. Nicolas d´Angers, p. 88. 

[796] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, CCXXI, p. 261. 

[797] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, CCXXII, p. 266. 

[798] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, CCXXXIII, p. 278. 

[799] Imbert, H. (ed.) (1876) Cartulaire de Saint-Laon de Thouars (Niort) ("Thouars Saint-Laon"), Pancarte, LVIII bis, p. 54. 

[800] Ménage (1683), Tome I, p. 51. 

[801] Broussillon, B. de (1903) Cartulaire d´Assé-le-Riboul, Archives Historiques du Maine III (Le Mans) (“Assé-le-Riboul”), VII, p. 9. 

[802] Ménage (1683), Tome I, p. 51. 

[803] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LVIII bis, p. 54. 

[804] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LVIII bis, p. 54. 

[805] Ménage (1683), Tome I, p. 51. 

[806] Assé-le-Riboul, VII, p. 9. 

[807] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LVIII bis, p. 54. 

[808] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LVIII bis, p. 54. 

[809] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, CCXXI, p. 261. 

[810] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXIX, p. 68. 

[811] Thouars Saint-Laon, Pancarte, LXXXIV, p. 72. 

[812] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 12. 

[813] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 12. 

[814] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 12. 

[815] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 12. 

[816] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 18. 

[817] Marmoutier-Dunois IV, p. 5. 

[818] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 15. 

[819] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 25, p. 36. 

[820] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 30. 

[821] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 25, p. 36. 

[822] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 28, p. 41. 

[823] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 25, p. 36. 

[824] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 28, p. 41. 

[825] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 12. 

[826] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 18. 

[827] Tours Saint-Julien, Tome I, 30, p. 44. 

[828] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 30. 

[829] Marmoutier-Tours, p. 30.