VIENNE ARCHBISHOPRIC

  v3.0 Updated 24 July 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION. 1

Chapter 1.                ARCHBISHOPS of VIENNE. 1

Chapter 2.                BISHOPS of DIE. 4

Chapter 3.                BISHOPS of GRENOBLE. 4

Chapter 4.                BISHOPS of MAURIENNE. 4

Chapter 5.                BISHOPS of VALENCE. 4

Chapter 6.                BISHOPS of VIVIERS. 5

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document sets out the families of the archbishops of Vienne and of the bishops of the five bishoprics which lay within the archiepiscopal diocese.  At present, the document is only partially completed.  It has been uploaded in Medieval Lands at this early stage in its development mainly to complete the hyperlinks to other documents. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    ARCHBISHOPS of VIENNE

 

 

 

1.         SOBON, son of BERLION [I] & his [second] wife Ermengarde --- (-952).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Jul [940/41] under which “Engelbertus” donated property “in villa Flaviaco…Tadernaco…”, for the souls of “fratris mei Sobbonis archiepiscopi et genitorum nostrorum Berlionis et Ermengardis et…filii mei Teutboldi”, to Cluny[1]Archbishop of Vienne 931. 

 

 

Two brothers:

1.         MANASSES de Troyes, son of WARNIER [Garnier] Vicomte de Sens & his wife Teutberga d´Arles (-[962/63]).  "Manases archiepiscopus Arelatensis" made a donation of "Juliacum cum tribus ecclesiis in pago Cabilonensi" dated Sep 948 to Cluny "pro anima matris mee Theotberg" and "pro anima fratrum meorum Hugonis, Richard et Bosonis"[2].  "Warnerio" is named as father, and "Teutberga" as mother, of "Manasses archiepiscopus Arelatensis, postea Mediolanus" in a charter dated [1032/39][3].  Archbishop of Arles after 913, although this date appears early bearing in mind the likely birth date range of his mother.  Bishop of Triento 933-957.  Archbishop of Vienne 935-948.  Archbishop of Milan 950/960. 

2.         HUGUES de Troyesm secondly WILLA, daughter of ---.  Children: 

a)         THIBAUT de Troyes ([after 927]-1001).  The Vita of archbishop Thibaut names his parents: "pater…Hugo: Francorum genere clarus: inter primos palatii, non infimus" and his "coniugem…Burgundionis regis nepotem…Wiltermam"[4]Archbishop of Vienne 967/986.  "Willa comitissa" donated "alodum situm in pago Belnense" to Montiéramey, for the soul of "senioris mei Hugonis, memor filiorum nostrorum Theutboldi archiepiscopi et Hucberti seu Warnerii defuncti", by charter dated to [970/86], subscribed by "Theutboldi archiepiscopi, Huberti comitis…Adeleidæ comitissæ…Eriberti comitis…"[5]

 

 

1.         BOUCHARD, son of ANSELM [II] & his wife Aldiud --- (-after 19 Aug [1019]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[6], Aldiud and her husband were grandparents of Anselm Bishop of Aosta, Bouchard Archbishop of Vienne and Udalrich, advocatus of the church of Vienne.  This is a mistake as the charters quoted below indicate that the couple were the parents, not grandparents, of the brothers.  Archbishop of Vienne .  Rudolf III King of Burgundy donated property to Vienne Saint-Maurice, at the request of "Irmengarda regina, Burkardo Lugdunensi archiepiscopo fratre suo, nec non Burchardo Viennensi archiepiscopo", by charter dated 1 Aug 1011[7].  A charter dated 19 Aug [1019] of "Burchardus sancta Viennensis archiepiscopus et Udolricus frater meus et advocatus meus" granted property "in pago Genevensi…in villa Marischa…a circio Lemani lacus" made "pro remedio animarum…genitore nostro Anselmo sive pro genetrice nostra Aaldui"[8]

 

 

1.         LEGER, son of GUILLAUME [I] de Clérieux & his wife Fida --- (-1054).  A charter dated 23 Nov 1025 records the election of "Leodegarium, Willelmi…filium" as abbot of Romans, and names "genitore eius Willelmo…coniuge eius…Fida et fratre suo Willelmo"[9]Archbishop of Vienne .  "Ado" donated property "Drotianum mansum" to the church of Romans, by charter dated to [1038/46] witnessed by "Leodegarii archiepiscopi, Uuillelmi, Armanni, Fidis, genetricis"[10].  "L. archiepiscopi, Adonis fratris eius" subscribed a charter dated to [1030/70] under which "Theotbertus…sacerdos" donated property to the church of Romans[11]

 

 

1.         GUY de Bourgogne, (Château de Quingey [1060]-Rome 13 Dec 1124, bur Rome Lateran Church).  Orderic Vitalis names his father[12], his parentage being confirmed by his own reference to his brother Hugues Archbishop of Besançon in his letters[13].  William of Tyre specifies that Pope Calixtus II was previously named "Guido", but does not specify his origin other than calling him "secundum carnem nobilis" and that he was "consanguineus" of Emperor Heinrich V[14].  The birth order of the children of Guillaume I Comte Palatin de Bourgogne is uncertain.  Most authorities place Guy after his brother Hugues, but if his supposed birth date is correct he must have been one of the older sons.  Archbishop of Vienne 1088.  Administrator of Besançon 1107/09.  A fierce critic of Pope Pascal II's capitulation to Emperor Heinrich V concerning the right to appoint bishops, Guy presided over a synod at Vienne Sep 1112 which declared the practice of lay investiture heretic and excommunicated the emperor.  He was elected Pope CALIXTUS II by a small group of cardinals, crowned at Vienne 9 Feb 1119, his election being ratified in Rome retrospectively 1 Mar 1119.  After an attempt to negotiate a compromise with the emperor, he confirmed the prohibition of lay investiture at Reims 29/30 Oct 1119, moving on to Rome which he entered triumphantly 3 Jun 1120.  He besieged Sutri in Apr 1121 and forced the surrender of anti-Pope Gregory VIII, whom he humiliated by parading him on a camel through Rome.  From a position of power, he was able to negotiate the end to the emperor's right of spiritual investiture, while maintaining his right of temporal investiture, agreed in the Concordat of Worms 23 Sep 1122 and ratified by the First Lateran Council in Mar 1123.  The Series Episcoporum Viennensium records the death "1124 XIV Kal Ian" of "sanctus Guido frater Stephani Burgundie principis", specifying that he was elected Bishop of Vienne in 1088 and was buried in Rome "in ecclesia Lateranensi"[15]

 

 

1.         HUMBERT d´Albon, son of GUIGUES [V] Comte d'Albon & his wife Regina [Matilda] --- (-26 Jun or 20 Nov 1147).  Comte Guigues and his wife "Regina nominate Maheldis" donated property to Chalais abbey, with the approval of "leurs fils Guigues Delfinus et Humbert", by charter dated 31 Oct 1110[16].  A charter dated to [1122] records a donation by "Guigo comes et Matildis uxor eius" of property "in parochia Sancti Saturnini juxta aquam Velciam" to the abbey of Bonnevaux, later confirmed by "Guigo delphinus et uxor eius et Humbertus Podiensis episcopus frater eius", the confirmation witnessed by "Matildis mater eius"[17].  Bishop of Le Puy .  "Guigo comes filius Petronille" donated property to Oulx, for the soul of "uxorisque mee Matildis", by charter dated to [1101/32], witnessed by "Matiltis regina uxor eius et filius eius Humbertus Aniciensi ecclesie electus…"[18].  "Umbertus filius comitis" subscribed a charter dated 1125 under which "Petrus archiepiscopus Viennensis" confirmed donations by his predecessor "Guidonis" to Valence Saint-Rufus[19], although it is not certain that this refers to Humbert son of Comte Guigues [III].  "La reine Mathilde" donated property to the abbey of Chalais in 1146, confirmed by charter dated 1147 by "Humbert alors évêque du Puy, depuis archévêque de Vienne…le comte Guigues, fils de Guigues dauphin et sa mere"[20]Archbishop of Vienne .  The necrology of Saint-Robert records the death 26 Jun (20 Nov) 1147 of "Humbert archévêque de Vienne"[21]

 

 

1.         SIMON d´Archiac, son of AYMAR Seigneur d´Archiac & his wife Marguerite de Rochechouart (-9 May [1324/26], bur Saintes).  Canon at Saintes.  Archbishop of Vienne 1319.  Cardinal 1320.  Duchesne records that Cardinal d´Archiac made his testament at Avignon 5 May 1323 but comments that “[il] n´est pas venu jusqu´à nous[22].  Duchesne cites the necrology of Sainte-Chapelle which records the death “Non Mai” of “domini cardinalis d´Archiac[23]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    BISHOPS of DIE

 

 

 

1.         AMEDEE de Genève, son of GUILLAUME [II] Comte de Genève & his [second] wife Alix --- (-after 21 Jan 1275).  The testament of "Willelmus comes Gebenn." is dated 9 Nov 1252 and names "primogenitum nostrum Rodulfum…filio nostro Amedeo…Dien. Ep…A. comitissa Geben."[24].  Provost at Lausanne 1247.  Bishop of Dié .  "Villelmus comes Gebennensis" confirmed the foundation of the Chartreuse monastery of Pomiers by "Villelmo patre meo", with the consent of "Alesia comitissa uxor mea et Rodulphus filius noster primogenitus cum filiis nostris…Amedeo…episcopi Diensi, Aymone cantore Gebennensi, Henrico, Roberto canonico Viennensi, Villelmo, Guigone", for the soul of "Humberti fratris nostri quondam comitis Gebennensis", by charter dated 1252[25].  "Amedeus…Dien. Ep. filius quondam D. Guillelmi bone memorie comitis Geben." delegated the execution of his father´s testament to "fratrem nostrum Rodulphum primogenitum", with the consent of "fratrum nostrorum…Henrici layci, Roberti canonici Vien., Guillelmi et Guigonis clericorum filiorum antedicti D. comitis Geben.", by charter dated 8 Jan 1253, witnessed by "Ay. dno. Fucign…Dne. Alaysie…matris nostre comitisse Gebenn…religiose Dne. Agathe sororis nostre Abbatisse de Monte…"[26]

 

 

1.         AMEDEE de Roussillon, son of ARTAUD [IV] Seigneur de Roussillon & his wife M--- (-after 1272)"Artaud sire de Roussillon…Aymar, Amedée, Alyse et Beatrix ses enfants" donated their rights "sur la succession de feu Guy comte de Forez" to "Guillaume fils dudit Artaud" by charter dated Nov 1262[27]Bishop of Valence 1270.  Bishop of Die 1272.  As noted above, his family connection is suggested by an (undated) charter under which "Amedée de Genève Evesque de Die" is called "oncle d´Amedée de Roussillon" his successor as bishop of Die[28]Gallia Christiana records Aymar Archbishop of Lyon as "Ademarus de Roussillon...filius Artaldi IV domini de Rossilione frater Amedei Valentinensis et Diensis episcopi, Sabaudiæ, Burgundiæ et Genevæ comitum consanguineus"[29], but does not indicate the primary source on which this information is based. 

 

 

1.         JEAN de Genève, son of RODOLPHE Comte de Genève & his wife Marie de de la Tour-du-Pin (-1297)Abbot of St Seine 1280.  Bishop of Valence, Bishop of Dié 1283. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    BISHOPS of GRENOBLE

 

 

 

1.         EBBO, son of --- (-[869])Abbot of Reims Saint-Rémy before 835[30].  Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Hincmar wrote to Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks concerning “Gothescalci blasphemias” in which he records that “Ebone...religiosus...in Remensis ecclesie monasterio ubi requiescit sanctum Remigius” was installed as abbot “a domno Ebone avunculo suo tunc Remorum archiepiscopo[31]Bishop of Grenoble [853].  The primary source which confirms that Ebbo abbot of Reims Saint-Rémy was appointed bishop of Grenoble has not yet been identified.  An undated charter records the presence of “...Ebo Gratianopolitanensis episcopus...” at the assembly held at Sermorens to decide disputes between “Agilmarum archiepiscopum et Wigerium comitem[32].  Duchesne dates this assembly to [853][33].  Hincmar names “Ebo Gratianopolitanus episcopus” in a letter addressed to Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks[34], dated by Schrörs to [853/56][35].  The record of the council held at Valence 8 Jan 855 names “...Ebbone Gratianopolitano episcopo” among those present[36].  The record of the council held at Saint-Geômes near Langres in Apr 859 is witnessed by “...Ebo Gratianopolitanus...[37].  “...Ebbo Gratianopolitanus episcopus...” was among those who signed a letter dated 14 Jun 859 addressed to “Gueniloni Senonum metropolitano” at the council of Savonnières[38].  A list of the bishops of Grenoble, dated to [1080/1132], names “Ebbo Gratianopolitanus ecclesie...contemporaneus Agilmari archiepiscopi” and his participation in the election of “archiepiscopum sanctum Adonem” after the death of “Agilmarus archiepiscopus Viennensis” in 860[39]The editor of the MGH edition of Flodoard´s Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ records that Ebbo Bishop of Grenoble died möglicherweise...erst gegen 869 gestorben”, which is the date of the election of his successor[40].] 

 

 

[Three] siblings:

1.         HUMBERT, son of GUIGUES [I] & his wife Fredeburge --- ([960/70]-[after 1030]).  "Humbertus episcopus Gratianopolitanensis" donated property "medietatem castri de Visilia" to Cluny by charter dated [Sep/Oct] 996, subscribed by "Fredeburgis matris eius, Wiguonis fratris eius, Humberti episcopi de Valentia nepotis eius"[41].  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he was adult when appointed to his bishopric.  Bishop of Grenoble 990 or before.  "Wigo et uxor mea Fredeburga" donated property "in comitatu Viennensi in agro Cassiacensi in villa…Vernio" by charter dated Sep [996], subscribed by "Umberti episcopi, Richardi, Vagoni, Bosoni, Adraldi"[42].  "Umbertus Grationopolensis ecclesiæ præsul" donated property "locum de Sancto Bartholomeo cum ecclesia de Madernatis" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre with the consent of "Radulfo rege et regina Ermengarda, et domino archiepiscopo Brocardo, matre quoque mea Fredeburge, atque Maileno nepote meo, simulque aliis nepotibus meis Umberto atque Wigone" by charter dated 1012, signed by "Fredeburgæ matris eius, Wigonis et Umberti filiorum fratris eius, Malleni nepotis eius"[43].  Prudhomme states that Bishop Humbert was still living in 1030 but had abandoned the administration of his diocesis to his nephew Mallen[44].  He cites no primary source to support his statement. 

2.         GUIGUES [II] [Albon].  m [GOTELENE, daughter of ---].  Children: 

a)         GUIGUES [III] “Vetus/le Vieux” Comte d´Albonm firstly ADELSINDIS, daughter of ---.  Children: 

i)          HUMBERT d´Albon ([1025/30]-[1080]).  "Malleni episcopi Gratianopolitani et Wigonis comitis et uxoris eius Adelsendis, filiorumque suorum Umberti et Wigonis" signed a charter dated 26 Aug 1035 relating to the donation of four churches in Vico to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre[45].  His birth date range is estimated consistent with the birth date ranges estimated for the other members of this family.  Bishop of Grenoble

3.         [sister .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         MALLEN (-[1036]).  "…Malleni nepotis eius" signed the charter dated 1012 under which "Umbertus Grationopolensis ecclesiæ præsul" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre[46].  His parentage is not known.  However, the 1012 charter is also signed by "…Wigonis et Umberti filiorum fratris eius…", suggesting that Mallenus must have been "nepos" by the donor's sister.  Bishop of Grenoble .  "Malleni episcopi Gratianopolitani et Wigonis comitis et uxoris eius Adelsendis, filiorumque suorum Umberti et Wigonis" signed a charter dated 26 Aug 1035 relating to the donation of four churches in Vico to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre[47]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    BISHOPS of MAURIENNE

 

 

 

1.         CONON, son of [--- & his wife Bertha ---] (-1107).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Maurienne 1088.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[48], he was the possible son of Comte Aimon [I].  However, the chronology is too broad for him to have been the brother of Comte Amedée [I]. 

 

 

 

1.         AMEDEE de Faucigny, son of GUILLAUME Seigneur de Faucigny & his wife Ottilie --- (-[1124/25]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Sep 1119 by which "Wido…Gebennensis episcopus" donated "ecclesiam de Condominio" for the souls of "patris mei Ludovici et avi mei Ermenradi et Guillelmi fratris mei et filiorum eius Rodulfi, Ludoici, Raimundi et episcorum Geraldi Lausannensi et Amadei Morianensis nepotum meorum et matris eorum Utilie…" to Cluny[49]Bishop of Maurienne

 

 

1.         AMEDEE de Genève, son of GUILLAUME [I] Comte de Genève & his second wife Béatrix de Faucigny (-17 Dec [1220])Bishop of Maurienne 1213.  "Willelmus comes Gebennensis" swore homage to the archbishop of Tarantasia for the valley of Hauteluce, with the consent of "dominus Amedeus…Maurianensis episcopus frater noster", by charter dated 30 Jul 1220[50].  A charter dated 12 Jan 1270 records donations by Pierre Bishop of Maurienne to found anniversaries for his predecessors "dominus Amedeus Maurianensis episcopus frater quondam…Villelmi comitis Gebennensis…dominus Amedeus Maurianensis episcopus frater quondam domini Villelmi de Miribello"[51]

 

 

1.         AMEDEE, [illegitimate son of THOMAS I Comte de Savoie & his mistress ---] (-19 Jan 1256)Europäische Stammtafeln shows two sons of Comte Thomas I both named Amedée, the second one being a monk at Grenoble and Bishop of Maurienne in 1220[52].  It is unlikely that this second Amedée was the legitimate son of Comte Thomas.  He is not referred to in the 26 Jun 1248 testament of his supposed brother Thomas de Savoie[53], unlike all the other known brothers whether deceased or alive.  In addition, the 1224 agreement between his supposed father and the Bishop of Sion refers to "four clerical sons", whereas Amedée would have been a fifth.  A possible explanation is that this second Amedée was an illegitimate son of Comte Thomas I.  However, this hypothesis appears disproved by the charter dated 12 Jan 1270 which records donations by Pierre Bishop of Maurienne to found anniversaries for his predecessors "…dominus Amedeus Maurianensis episcopus frater quondam domini Villelmi de Miribello"[54], assuming that the latter refers to the bishop who died in 1256.  The Pingonio Chronicon records the death "XIV Kal Feb" in 1256 of "Amedeus episcopus Maurianensis"[55].  

 

 

 

1.         AMEDEE de Savoie, son of PHILIPPE de Savoie Prince of Achaia & his second wife Catherine de Viennois (-13 Jun 1376).  The testament of "Dominus Philippus de Sabaudia primogenitus…Domini Thomæ de Sabaudia Dominus in partibus Pedemontii" dated 9 Jun 1330 appoints "Amedeum, Thomam et Eduardum filio suos" as his heirs[56].  Canon at Orléans and Lyon.  Bishop of Maurienne 2 Apr 1349.  Signore di Cumiana 1367/1370. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    BISHOPS of VALENCE

 

 

 

1.         RADBERT, son of comte BUVINUS [Bouvin] & his wife --- d'Arles (-879).  Radbert is named as son of Buvinus in Europäische Stammtafeln[57], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Valence 859. 

 

 

1.         LAMBERT, son of LAMBERT & his wife Falectrudis --- (-after 1 Oct [1011]).  Bishop of Valence in 995, although this was initially disputed by Humbert of the family of the Comtes d'Albon.  "Lambertus episcopus [Valentinensi]" donated property "in loco Sancti Victoris Sanctique Fortunati…Castanetus" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre, confirmed by "Ademari comitis fratris episcopi", by charter dated 1 Oct [1011][58]

 

 

1.         HUMBERT, son of GUIGUES [II] & his wife [Gotelene ---] ([995/1000]-[1037]).  "…Humberti episcopi de Valentia nepotis eius" subscribed the charter dated [Sep/Oct] 996 under which "Humbertus episcopus Gratianopolitanensis" donated property to Cluny[59].  His birth date is estimated consistent with the birth date range estimated for his uncle Humbert, although as noted above there is some doubt whether the latter range is correct.  Bishop of Valence .  "Rodolfus rex" jointly with "Agiltrude regina coniuge nostra nec non archiepiscopo Burchardo fratre nostro et comitibus Rodulpho et Uberto" gave the castle of Moras to "Umberto episcopo eiusque matri domine Freburgie et nepotibus eius, Wigonis bone memorie filiis, Umberto Wigoni Willelmo" by charter dated 6 Jun 1009[60].  "…Wigonis et Umberti filiorum fratris eius…" signed the charter dated 1012 under which "Umbertus Grationopolensis ecclesiæ præsul" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre[61].

 

 

1.         PONS, son of ADEMAR & his wife Rotilde --- (-1056)Bishop of Valence in [1031].  "Pontii filius Ademari comitis" witnessed a charter dated 1030 under which "Artaldus" donated property "villam Sancti Petri in Embolico, pago Valentinensi" to Cluny[62].  "Ademarus comes [Valentinensis] [et] Roteldis uxor mea" confirmed the donations to Cluny by his father by charter dated 1037 jointly with "filii nostri Pontio episcopo, Ugone, Lamberto, Gontardo, Geraldo"[63].

 

 

1.         ODO, son of GEILIN [II] & his wife Ava --- (-1063).  "Geilinus comes cum filiis suis Odone episcopo, Arberto, Rostagno, Ugone, Conone et uxore Ava" donated property "locum de Sancto Bartholomeo cum ecclesia de Madernatis…[in pago Viennensi]" to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre by charter dated 18 Mar 1058[64]Bishop of Valence 1056. 

 

 

1.         GUIRARD de Grandson, son of EBLES II Sire de Grandson et de Belmont & his wife Jordane  Bishop of Valence .  Patriarch of Jerusalem. 

 

 

Two brothers:

1.         GUILLAUME de Savoie, son of THOMAS I Comte de Savoie & his wife Marguerite [Beatrix] de Genève ([1201]-poisoned Viterbo 1 Nov 1239, bur Abbaye de Hautecombe).  A charter dated 1224 records an agreement between "Thomæ com. Sabaud " and the bishop of Sion, witnessed by "ipse Thomas comes, Amedeus primogenitus illius, Comitissa uxor Thomæ, eorum quatuor filii clerici…Willelmus, Thomas, Petrus et Bonifacius"[65].  Elected Bishop of Valence 1224.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "alter filiorum eius [comitis Thome de Sabaudia] Guilelmus" was elected bishop of Valence[66].  "M. comitissa Sabaudie et marchisa in Ytalia et…Amedeus, Aymo, W. electus Valentinus, Thomas, Petrus, Bonifacius et Philippus filii Thome Comitis Sab. et marchionis in Ytalia" confirmed donations to Hautecombe abbey by charter dated 26 Feb 1231[67].  He was named in the Feb 1233 testament of his brother Pierre[68].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “electus Valenciæ, avunculus reginæ nostræ” arrived in England in 1237 and was made the king´s principle adviser (“consiliarius regis principalis”) and granted the honor of Richmond[69].  Matthew of Paris records that he was adviser to Henry III King of England but left the country after quarrelling with the barons, but was permitted to return by the king[70], which represents the earliest reference in this source to the problems caused by relations of Queen Eléonore.  The king proposed his election as Bishop of Winchester in 1238, but the church council elected Ralph Neville, whose election was quashed by the Pope after intervention by the king[71].  He was elected Bishop of Liège in 1238.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election “in crastino sancti Iohannis” in 1238 of the new bishop of Liège, where “primicerius Metensis Iacobus...prepositus Leodiensis et frater ducis de Nanceio” supported the candidacy of “preposito Ottoni Aquensi”, while “archdyaconus...Galtherus frater comitis de Retest” supported “fratri comitis Flandrie...electo Valentie Guillelmo”.  The same source records that “ille de Traiecto vel de Aquis” was elected first by “Conradum Coloniensem electum et per Conradum filium imperatoris et per ipsum imperatorem”, while “electus Valencie” was visiting Cremona where he also received “regalia sua ab imperatore”.  Both candidates then went to Rome where the Pope annulled the election of “pontifex Traiectensem Ottonem” and confirmed “electum Valentie Guillelmum” as bishop of Liège[72].  Matthew Paris records the death "die omnium Sanctorum…venenatus Viterbii" in 1239 of "Guillelmus de Sabaudia electus Valentinus"[73].  The Chronicle of Hautecombe records the death in 1239 of "dominus Guillermus de Sabaudia electus Valencie" and his burial "III Non Mai" (presumably in 1240)[74].  The Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium records the death “in partibus Transalpinis” in Oct 1239 of Bishop Guillaume and his burial “in civitate Florentia[75].  The testament of "Philippi de Sabaudia electi Lugdunensis", dated 26 May 1256, names "Petrus de Sabaudia frater et Beatrix comitissa Provinciæ" as his heirs, chooses burial at Hautecombe, and founds an anniversary at Valence for the soul of "defuncti fratris sui Willelmi, electi illius ecclesiæ"[76]

2.         PHILIPPE de Savoie (Aiguebelle [1207]-Château de Roussillon, Bugey 16 Aug 1285, bur Abbaye de Hautecombe).  His parentage is established, inter alia, by the 1264 testament of his brother Boniface[77].  Archdeacon of Metz 1229.  "M. comitissa Sabaudie et marchisa in Ytalia et…Amedeus, Aymo, W. electus Valentinus, Thomas, Petrus, Bonifacius et Philippus filii Thome Comitis Sab. et marchionis in Ytalia" confirmed donations to Hautecombe abbey by charter dated 26 Feb 1231[78].  The second testament of "Amedeus comes Sabaudie", dated 19 Jul 1238, repeats the nomination of "Thomam fratrem suum" as his heir, substituting "Philippum, huic autem Petrum fratres suos" if Thomas died without male heirs[79], although it is unclear why the youngest brother Philippe should have been given precedence over Pierre in this document.  He was elected Bishop of Lausanne in 1239.  "Amedeus comes Sabaudie et in Italie marchio…cum…genetrice sua et fratribus suis B. Bellicensi Electo et Philippo Metensi Primicerio" granted "villam S. Mauritii de Chablaisio" {Saint-Maurice de Chablais} to "soror illorum Margareta comitissa de Kiborch" by charter dated 24 Feb 1240[80]Bishop of Valence 1245.  Archbishop of Lyon 1246.  The testament of "Philippi de Sabaudia electi Lugdunensis", dated 26 May 1256, names "Petrus de Sabaudia frater et Beatrix comitissa Provinciæ" as his heirs, chooses burial at Hautecombe, and founds an anniversary at Valence for the soul of "defuncti fratris sui Willelmi, electi illius ecclesiæ"[81].  The testament of "Beatricis relictæ Raimundi Berengarii comitis Provinciæ", dated 14 Jan 1264, adds bequests to "Philippo electo Lugdun. fratri suo altero…", and appoints "…Philippum electum Lugdun. fratrem suum…" as her executors[82].  The testament of "Conte Pietro di Savoia", dated Sep 1264 named "…Philippo electo Lugdun. fratri suo…" and appointed "Philippi elect. Lugdun. fratris sui, Soffredi de Amaysino" as his executors[83].  He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments in 1267.  Comte Palatin de Bourgogne 1267-1279, by right of his wife.  He succeeded his brother in 1268 as PHILIPPE I Comte de Savoie.  He faced the continual opposition of his niece Beatrix Dauphine de Viennois, daughter of his predecessor, who claimed Savoy for her grandson Hugues de la Tour.  Comte Philippe was able to reaffirm his authority over Turin by defeating Guglielmo VII Marchese di Monferrato[84].  Pope Gregory X awarded him the title Gonfalionere of the Holy Church.  The testament of "Filippo Vescovo de Lione" dated 26 Jul 1256 names "Pietro di Savoia e Beatrice Contessa di Provenza, di Lui fratello e Sorella…Conte Tommaso di Lui fratello" and chooses to be buried "nella Chiesa de Haute Combe"[85].  The necrology of Saint-Rambert-en-Bugey records the death "XVI Kal Sep" of "Philippus comes Sabaudiæ"[86].  The necrology of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne records the death "XVI Kal Sep" of "dni Philippi quondam comitis Sabaudie"[87]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         AMEDEE de Roussillon, son of ARTAUD [IV] Seigneur de Roussillon & his wife M--- (-after 1272)"Artaud sire de Roussillon…Aymar, Amedée, Alyse et Beatrix ses enfants" donated their rights "sur la succession de feu Guy comte de Forez" to "Guillaume fils dudit Artaud" by charter dated Nov 1262[88]Bishop of Valence 1270.  Bishop of Die 1272.  As noted above, his family connection is suggested by an (undated) charter under which "Amedée de Genève Evesque de Die" is called "oncle d´Amedée de Roussillon" his successor as bishop of Die[89]Gallia Christiana records Aymar Archbishop of Lyon as "Ademarus de Roussillon...filius Artaldi IV domini de Rossilione frater Amedei Valentinensis et Diensis episcopi, Sabaudiæ, Burgundiæ et Genevæ comitum consanguineus"[90], but does not indicate the primary source on which this information is based. 

2.         GUILLAUME Seigneur de Roussillonm BEATRIX de la Tour-du-Pin, daughter ALBERT [III] Sire de la Tour-du-Pin & his wife Beatrix de Coligny.  Children: 

a)         ARTAUD [V] Seigneur de Roussillonm ALIX de Poitiers, daughter of AYMAR [IV] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois et de Diois & his first wife Hippolyte de Bourgogne.  Children: 

i)          GUILLAUME de Roussillon (-1371)"Aymar seigneur de Roussillon" and "Guillaume de Roussillon abbé de Saint-Félix de Valence son frère" reached agreement about the inheritance of "Artaud de Roussillon leur père" by charter dated 11 Feb 1316 (O.S.), which also names the deceased´s other children "Beatrix dame Byetrati, Polia dame Malibeti, Jean prieur de Quintenas, Marguerite, Artaud et Albert" and was witnessed by "Alice de Poitiers dame de Roussillon leur mère"[91].  Bishop of Valence 1318.

 

 

1.         GUY de Montlaur, son of HERCULE de Montlaur Seigneur de Montlaur & his second wife Marguerite d´Auvergne (-1274).  The marriage contract between "Beraudus dominus de Mercolio…Alixent filia sua" and "Eraclius de Montelauro junior…Ponceto filio suo" is dated 16 Dec [1257], and names "domina Margarita mater dicti Heraclii…Eraclius et Poncius et Guido fratres predicti"[92]Doyen du Puy.  Bishop of Valence

 

 

1.         JEAN de Genève, son of RODOLPHE Comte de Genève & his wife Marie de de la Tour-du-Pin (-1297)Abbot of St Seine 1280.  Bishop of Valence, Bishop of Dié 1283. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    BISHOPS of VIVIERS

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME [de Valentinois], son of --- (-before 1164).  "Wilelmus Valencie prepositus" confirmed a donation to the Templars at Richerenches at the request of "Riperto de Charrovalis" by charter dated Mar 1138, confirmed by "comes Eustachius frater W. prepositi predicti"[93].  His family connections are confirmed by the charter dated 1164 under which "Wilelmus Pictaviensis et…Eustachius frater Wilelmi" confirmed the donation of property to the order of St John of Jerusalem by "patruus noster Wilelmus Vivariensis episcopus"[94].  "Eustachius prepositus Valentinus" confirmed the donation of "W[illelm]us Valentinus prepositus avunculus meus" of "Clivum" to the abbey of Saint-Guy du Puy by charter dated 1217[95].  Provost at Valence.  Bishop of Viviers

 

 

Two brothers:

1.         RAYMOND, son of RAYMOND Decan [II] & his wife --- (-[1170])His parentage is confirmed by an epitaph at the church of Psalmody which records the death in Aug 1138 of "Raimundus Decani dominus Posqueriarum et Ucetiæ, pater episcoporum Raimundi Vivariensis, Raimundi Ucetiensis et Alberti Nemausensis"[96]Bishop of Viviers

 

2.         BERMOND d´Anduze, son of BERNARD [VII] d’Anduze Sire d'Anduze et de Sauve & his wife Marquise ---   His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 13 Sep 1223 between "nobilem virum Petrum Bernardum" and "hæredes nobili viri Bernardi de Andusia avunculi sui", stating that "D. Vierna uxorem quondam D. Bernardi de Andusia" was "tutrice liberorum suorum" and naming "D. Bernardo de Andusia avo ipsorum" and "D. Bermundo Vivariensi episcopo et D. Bernardo de Andusia monacho Mansiadæ" as two of the latter´s other children[97]Bishop of Viviers 1222.  

 

 

1.         AIMON de Genève, son of GUILLAUME [II] Comte de Genève & his [second] wife Alix --- (-1 Mar 1263).  "Villelmus comes Gebennensis" confirmed the foundation of the Chartreuse monastery of Pomiers by "Villelmo patre meo", with the consent of "Alesia comitissa uxor mea et Rodulphus filius noster primogenitus cum filiis nostris…Amedeo…episcopi Diensi, Aymone cantore Gebennensi, Henrico, Roberto canonico Viennensi, Villelmo, Guigone", for the soul of "Humberti fratris nostri quondam comitis Gebennensis", by charter dated 1252[98].  "Rodulphus comes Gebenn., Aymo Cantor Gebenn. et Henricum fratres" donated property to the bishopric of Geneva, for the injuries of "comite Humberto avunculo nostro et comite Willermo patre nostro", with the consent of "domine Allasie matris nostre comitisse Gebenn. et…Amedei Dien. episcopi fratris nostri", by charter dated 3 Feb 1253[99].  Provost at Lausanne 1251.  Cantor at Geneva 1252.  Bishop of Viviers 1255.  The necrology of Lausanne records the death 1 Mar of "Aymo episcopus Viuariensis, frater comitis Gebenn." for whose anniversary "Amedeus Dyensis episcopus frater suus" donated vines planted by "Hugo de Gebenna"[100]

 

 

1.         LOUIS de Poitiers, son of AIMAR [III] Comte de Valentinois & his first wife Hyppolyte de Bourgogne Dame de Saint-Vallier (after May 1277-Saou 16 Aug 1327)His parentage is confirmed by the testament of "Ludovicus de Pictavia Comes Valentinensis et Diensis", dated 23 May 1345, which donates property to the church of Viviers in memory of "Ludovicum episcopum Metensem patruum suum"[101]Deacon at Le Puy 1300.  Canon at Paris and Lyon.  Provost of Normandy 1302/1308.  Bishop of Viviers 1306, resigned 1318.  Bishop of Langres, pair de France 1320.  Bishop of Metz 1325. 

 



[1] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1876-1903) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny ( Paris), Tome I, 523, p. 508. 

[2] Cluny, Tome I, 726, p. 681. 

[3] Cluny, Tome IV, 2888, p. 82. 

[4] Mathieu, J. N. 'Recherches sur les origines de deux princesses du IX siècle: la reine Guille de Bourgogne et l'impératice Engelberge', Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. and Settipani, C. (eds.) (2000) Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval (Prosopographica et Genealogica, Vol. 3), p. 173, quoting Manteyer, G. de (1899) Les origines de la Maison de Savoie en Bourgogne 910-1060 (Rome), Notes additionnelles (Paris, 1901), p. 265. 

[5] Giry, A. 'Etudes carolingiennes. Documents carolingiens de l'abbaye de Montiéramey', Etudes d'histoire du moyen âge dédiées à Gabriel Monod (Paris, 1896), no. 31, p. 136. 

[6] ES III 736. 

[7] Carutti, D. (1889) Regesta comitum Sabaudiæ, marchionum in Italia (Turin) ("Regesta comitum Sabaudiæ"), XXXIV, p. 13. 

[8] Chartarium Viennensium 47, in Chevalier, U. (1869) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-André-le-Bas de Vienne, Collection de cartularies dauphinois Tome I (Vienne) p. 256. 

[9] Giraud, M. (1856) Essai historique sur l´abbaye de Saint-Barnard et sur la ville de Romans,1ère partie, Preuves (Lyon) Cartulaire de l´église de Saint-Barnard de Romans ("Romans (1856)"), 52 bis, p. 101. 

[10] Giraud, M. (1866) Essai historique sur l´abbaye de Saint-Barnard et sur la ville de Romans, 2ème partie, Preuves (Lyon) Cartulaire de l´église de Saint-Barnard de Romans ("Romans (1866)"), 93, p. 9. 

[11] Romans (1856), 22 bis, p. 55. 

[12] Chibnall, M. (ed. and trans.) (1969) The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis (Oxford Clarendon Press), Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 211. 

[13] Bouchard, C. B. (1987) Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy 980-1198 (Cornell University Press), p. 274. 

[14] RHC, Historiens occidentaux I, Historia Rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("L'estoire de Eracles Empereur et la conqueste de la terre d'Outremer"), (“WT”)  XII.VIII, p. 522. 

[15] Series Episcoporum Viennensium, MGH SS XXIV, p. 815. 

[16] Chevalier (1913) Répertoire Dauphiné Tome I, col. 524, citing Pilot de Thorey Cartulaire de Chalais, 5, p. 13. 

[17] Chartarium Viennensium 77, in Vienne Saint-André-de-Bas, p. 288. 

[18] Collino, G. (ed.) (1908) Le carte della prevostura d´Oulx (Pinerolo) ("Oulx"), LXXXV, p. 88. 

[19] Chevalier, U. (ed.) (1891) Codex diplomaticus ordinis Sancti Rufi Valentiæ (Valence) ("Valence Saint-Rufus") XVI, p. 23. 

[20] Chevalier (1913) Répertoire Dauphiné Tome I, col. 633, citing Le Couteulx, C. (1888) Annales Ordinis Cartusiensis ab anno 1084 as annum 1429 II, p. 59, and Pilot de Thorey, E. (1879) Cartulaire de l´abbaye bénédictine de Notre-Dame et Saint Jean Baptiste de Chalais 18, p. 35. 

[21] Chevalier (1913) Répertoire Dauphiné Tome I, col. 637, citing Chevalier, U. Nécrologe de Saint-Robert pp. 29-31. 

Duchesne, F. (1660) Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois de naissance (Paris), Tome I, p 447. 

[23] Duchesne (1660), Tome II, Preuves, p. 301. 

[24] Mallet, E. ´Mémoire sur le pouvoir que la maison de Savoie a exercé dans Genève´, Mémoires et documents publiés par la société d´histoire et d´archéologie de Genève (Geneva, 1849), Tome VII, Pièces justificatives, XV, p. 305. 

[25] Besson (1759), Preuves, 52, p. 384. 

[26] Mallet ´Mémoire´ (1849), Tome VII, Pièces justificatives, XVI, p. 306. 

[27] Huillard-Bréholles, J. L. A. (1867) Titres de la Maison ducale de Bourbon (Paris), Tome I, 394, p. 78. 

[28] Le Laboureur, C. (1681) Les Mazures de l´abbaye royale de l´Isle-Barbe ou Histoire de…ce…monastère (Paris), Tome II, p. 532, which gives no primary source citation reference. 

[29] Gallia Christiana, Tome IV, Ecclesia Lugdunensis, LXXXV, col. 150. 

[30] Gallia Christiana, Tome XVI, col. 224. 

[31] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XV, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 244.

[32] Spicilegium, Tome III, p. 343. 

[33] Duchesne, L. (1907) Fastes épiscopaux de l´ancienne Gaule, 2nd Edn. (Paris) Tome I, p. 232. 

[34] Flodoardus Remensis Historia Remensis Ecclesiæ, Liber III, XV, MGH SS XXXVI, p. 243. 

[35] Schrörs, H. (1884) Hinkmar Erzbischof von Reims (Freiburg im Breisgau), no. 87, p. 524. 

[36] MGH Concilia, Tome III, pp. 351 and 365. 

[37] MGH Concilia, Tome III, p. 434. 

[38] MGH Concilia, Tome III, p. 468. 

[39] Marion, J. (ed.) (1869) Cartulaires de l´église cathédrale de Grenoble (Paris) (“Grenoble”), XXVI, p. 63. 

[40] MGH SS XXXVI, p. 243, footnote 23. 

[41] Cluny, Tome III, 2307, p. 430. 

[42] Vienne Saint-André, 37, p. 248. 

[43] Chevalier, U. (ed.) (1884) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Chaffre du Monastier et Chronique de Saint-Pierre du Puy (Paris, Montbéliard) ("Saint-Chaffre"), CCCLV, p. 118. 

[44] Prudhomme, A. (1888) Histoire de Grenoble (Grenoble), p. 69

[45] Saint-Chaffre CCCLVI, p. 120. 

[46] Saint-Chaffre CCCLV, p. 118. 

[47] Saint-Chaffre CCCLVI, p. 120. 

[48] ES XI 158. 

[49] Cluny, Tome V, 3940, p. 293. 

[50] Besson (1759), Preuves, 36, p. 368. 

[51] Billiet, A. & Albrieux, l´abbé (ed.) (1861) Chartes du diocèse de Maurienne, Documents publiés par l´académie royale de Savoie, Vol. II (Chambéry) ("Maurienne Chartes"), 63, p. 103. 

[52] ES II 190. 

[53] The Inventory of the State Archives of Turin, consulted at <http://ww2.multix.it/asto/asp/inventari.asp> (2 Feb 2006) ("State Archives"), volume 104, page 3, fascicule 4, and Guichenon, S. (1780) Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie (Turin) ("Guichenon (Savoie)"), Tome IV, Preuves, p. 97. 

[54] Maurienne Chartes, 63, p. 103. 

[55] Wurstenberger, L. (1858) Peter der Zweite Graf von Savoyen, Markgraf in Italien, sein Haus und seine Lande (Bern, Zurich), Vol. IV, 423, p. 206, quoting Pingonio data. Chronicon, fol. 354. 

[56] State Archives, volume 104, page 42, fascicule 25, and Guichenon (Savoie), Tome IV, Preuves, p. 109. 

[57] ES II 189, replacement table at end of ES III.1.  Radbert is not mentioned in Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987, 1ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), p. 367. 

[58] Saint-Chaffre CCCXV, p. 107. 

[59] Cluny, Tome III, 2307, p. 430. 

[60] MGH, Schieffer, T. Die Urkunden der Burgundischen Rudolfinger (Munchen, 1977), 93, p. 246. 

[61] Saint-Chaffre CCCLV, p. 118. 

[62] Cluny Tome IV, 2832, p. 35. 

[63] Cluny Tome IV, 2821, p. 122. 

[64] Saint-Chaffre CCCXLIX, p. 116. 

[65] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 58, p. 25. 

[66] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1232, MGH SS XXIII, p. 930. 

[67] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 76, p. 34. 

[68] State Archives, volume 104, page 1, fascicule 1. 

[69] Luard, H. R. (ed.) (1866) Annales Monastici Vol. III, Annales Prioratus de Dunstaplia, Annales Monasterii de Bermundeseia (London), Annales de Dunstaplia, pp. 145-6. 

[70] Luard, H. R. (ed.) Matthæi Parisiensis, Monachi Sancti Albani, Chronica Majora (1874) (“MP”), Vol. III, 1237, pp. 387-8. 

[71] MP, Vol. III, 1238, pp. 491 and 495. 

[72] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1238, MGH SS XXIII, p. 943. 

[73] MP, Vol. III, 1239, p. 623. 

[74] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 128, p. 64. 

[75] Aegidii Aurævallensis Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium, Liber III, 103, MGH SS XXV, p. 126. 

[76] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 430, p. 209. 

[77] State Archives, volume 104, pages 17 and 19, fascicules 13.1, 13.2 and 13.3. 

[78] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 76, p. 34. 

[79] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 116, p. 56. 

[80] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 123, p. 59. 

[81] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 430, p. 209. 

[82] State Archives, volume 104, page 11, fascicules 11.1, 2 and 3, and Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 636, p. 317. 

[83] State Archives, volume 104, page 15, fascicules 12.1 and 2, and Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 657, p. 336. 

[84] Marie José (1956) La Maison de Savoie, Les Origines, Le Comte Vert, Le Comte Rouge (Paris, Albin Michel), p. 46. 

[85] State Archives, volume 104, page 9, fascicule 8. 

[86] Obituaires de Lyon I, Diocèse de Lyon, Abbaye de Saint-Rambert-en-Bugey, p. 332.       

[87] Maurienne Chartes, Obituaire du Chapitre, p. 348. 

[88] Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Tome I, 394, p. 78. 

[89] Le Laboureur (1681), Tome II, p. 532, which gives no primary source citation reference. 

[90] Gallia Christiana, Tome IV, Ecclesia Lugdunensis, LXXXV, col. 150. 

[91] Huillard-Bréholles (1867), Tome I, 1437, p. 247. 

[92] Baluze, S. (1708) Histoire généalogique de la maison d´Auvergne (Paris) ("Baluze (1708) Auvergne"), Tome II, p. 88. 

[93] Ripert-Monclar (ed.) (1907) Cartulaire de la commanderie de Richerenches de l´ordre du Temple (Avignon) ("Richerenches"), 23, p. 25. 

[94] Richerenches, p. xxiii, quoting Cais de Perlas Revue historique de Provence, T. I, p. 144. 

[95] Saint-Chaffre, Saint-Guy du Puy, Chartarum Appendix, CCCCXLV, p. 185. 

[96] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Inscriptions, 39, p. 12. 

[97] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CVIII, p. 617. 

[98] Besson (1759), Preuves, 52, p. 384. 

[99] Mallet ´Mémoire´ (1849), Tome VII, Pièces justificatives, XVII, p. 307. 

[100] Grémaud, J. (ed.) (1863) Nécrologe de l´église cathédrale de Lausanne, Mémoires et documents publiés par la société d´histoire de la Suisse romande Tome XVIII (Lausanne) ("Lausanne Necrology"), p. 116. 

[101] Du Chesne, A. (1628) Histoire généalogique des comtes de Valentinois et de Diois (Paris) ("Du Chesne (Valentinois)"), Preuves, p. 51.