TRIPOLI

  v3.0 Updated 18 June 2014

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.                COUNTS of TRIPOLI 3

A.         COUNTS of TRIPOLI 1109-1187 (FAMILY of COMTES de TOULOUSE) 3

B.         COUNTS of TRIPOLI 1187-1289 (FAMILY of PRINCES of ANTIOCH) 10

Chapter 2.                VASSALS of the COUNTS of TRIPOLI 13

A.         LORDS of BESMEDIN (EMBRIACO) 13

B.         LORDS of BOUTRON.. 17

C.        LORDS of JEBAIL (EMBRIACO) 23

D.        LORDS of MARACLEA.. 41

E.         LORDS of NEPHIM.. 46

F.         BARLAIS.. 51

G.        FARABEL. 54

H.        HAM.. 55

I.      MONTOLIVE.. 57

J.         PORCELET. 58

K.         RAVENDEL. 61

L.         CONSTABLES of TRIPOLI 62

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The town of Tripoli was besieged by Raymond IV "de Saint-Gilles" Comte de Toulouse, one of the leaders of the First Crusade, although he died in 1105 before its final surrender.  He had completed construction of the castle of Mount Pèlerin on the outskirts of the town in the previous year.  The death of Count Raymond triggered a succession crisis in his Levantine territories.  His older son Bertrand succeeded in Toulouse, while his younger son Alphonse was still an infant.  William of Tyre records that it was decided that one of his maternal relations, Guillem Jordan Comte de Cerdanya, whose mother was the uterine half-sister of Comte Raymond, should succeed to Raymond's possessions in the Levant "pending the arrival of comitis Bertrami"[1].  Albert of Aix specifies that the territories in which Guillem Jordan ruled were in the plain of Camela[2], otherwise known as "the Principality of Homs".  Bertrand Comte de Toulouse arrived in Tortosa in Mar 1109 and demanded the territories formerly held by his father[3].  At a council of crusader rulers held outside Tripoli in Jun 1109, it was decided that Bertrand should receive Jebail, as well as Tripoli once it surrendered, under the suzerainty of Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, while Guillem Jordan would retain Tortosa and Arqa.  On the death of either, the other would inherit his lands[4].  Tripoli finally surrendered in Jul 1109 and Bertrand was installed as Count of Tripoli.  Guillem Jordan was killed by his écuyer soon after Tripoli was captured[5], his territories passing to Count Bertrand in accordance with the previous agreement. 

 

The childless Raymond III Count of Tripoli appointed as his heir Raymond, son of Bohémond III Prince of Antioch, although he insisted that the county should later be transferred to any member of the family of the counts of Toulouse who came to Palestine.  The princes of Antioch ruled in Tripoli for a hundred years after Count Raymond's death in 1187, residing in the city from 1233 after the city of Antioch was controlled by the commune of citizens.  After the death in 1287 of Bohémond VII Count of Tripoli and titular Prince of Antioch, the nobles of Tripoli proclaimed the dethronement of the dynasty after offering the crown to Dowager Princess Sibylle, who refused it unless Bartholomew Bishop of Tortosa was accepted as her bailly[6].  In early 1288, Lucie, sister of the last count, arrived at Acre with her husband but the commune of Tripoli refused to accept her.  It finally recognised her as Ctss of Tripoli after suspecting that the Genoese, led by Bartolomeo Embriaco, wished to seize control of the town[7].  Sultan Qalawun, taking advantage of the general confusion over the succession, besieged Tripoli in Feb 1289 and captured it in April, whereupon Ctss Lucie escaped to Cyprus.  The Sultan ordered the city razed to the ground and founded a new city inland at the foot of Mount Pèlerin[8]

 

The counts of Tripoli were suzerains of the following lordships in Palestine:

 

  • Botrun (Agout, Plivano, Antioch)
  • Nephim (Raynouard)
  • Maraclea (Raynouard, Ravendel)
  • Besmedin (Embriaco-Jebail)

 

The counts of Tripoli of the family of the Comtes de Toulouse are shown in Chapter 1.A of the present document.  Their successors who were also Princes of Antioch are shown in outline form in Chapter 1.B.  See the document ANTIOCH for full details.  Chapter 3 of this document shows the families of the vassals and officers of the counts of Tripoli. 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COUNTS of TRIPOLI

 

 

 

A.      COUNTS of TRIPOLI 1109-1187 (FAMILY of COMTES de TOULOUSE)

 

 

BERTRAND de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND IV "de Saint-Gilles" Comte de Toulouse & his first wife --- [de Provence] ([1065]-in Palestine 21 Apr 1112).  William of Tyre names him as son of Comte Raymond IV[9].  Caffaro names "Beltramo Çauata…bastardus comitis Raymundi comitis sancti Egidii" when recording that he captured Tripoli[10].  He was regent for his father in Toulouse from Oct 1096, when the latter left for Palestine.  He succeeded his father in 1105 as BERTRAND Comte de Toulouse.  A series of bulls of Pope Pascal II dated between 15 Apr 1105 and 14 May 1108 reveal that "Bertrannus comes" failed to respect his father's abandonment of rights concerning the altar offerings at the monastery of Saint-Gilles, that he was excommunicated, recanted but attacked the monastery again[11].  After the arrival in Toulouse of his step-mother and infant half-brother, Bertrand left for Palestine in Summer 1108, and swore fidelity to Emperor Alexis I Comnenos at Constantinople.  Albert of Aix records that "Bertrannus filius comitis Reimundi" arrived in Tortosa in March, dated to 1109 from the context, and demanded the territories formerly held by his father from Guillem Jordan Comte de Cerdanya[12].  At a council of crusader rulers outside Tripoli in Jun 1109, it was decided that Bertrand should receive Jebail, and Tripoli once it was captured, under the suzerainty of Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, while Guillem Jordan retained Tortosa and Arqa.  On the death of either, the other would inherit his lands[13].  Bar Hebræus records that Tripoli was captured "par les Francs" in A.H. 503 (1109/10)[14].  Tripoli finally surrendered 12 Jul 1109, and he was installed as BERTRAND Count of Tripoli, under the suzerainty of the king of Jerusalem.  Jebail was given to Ugo Embriaco, the Genoese admiral who had helped Bertrand[15].  Comte Bertrand inherited Tortosa and Arqa on the death of Guillem Jordan shortly after[16].  "Bertrandus…comes Raimundi Sancti Egidii filius" donated property for the soul of "Guillelmi Iordanis consanguinei mei" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "Poncio filio suo", by undated charter[17]

m (Jun 1095) as her first husband, HELIE de Bourgogne, daughter of EUDES I Duke of Burgundy & his wife Sibylle de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1080]-28 Feb 1141).  She is named by Orderic Vitalis, who also records her parentage, her two marriages and the names of her eldest sons by each marriage[18].  The contract of marriage between "Bertrandus Raimundi filius" and "Electæ" is dated Jun 1095[19].  “Bertrannus comes et uxor eius Adelaitz” relinquished claims to “monasterio Sancte Marie quod dicitur Monoasca” in favour of “[abbas] Beati Egidii”, in the presence of "Raimundo comite", by charter dated to "1096 after 12 Jul" in the compilation, signed by "Raimundi comitis, Bertranni et uxoris eius…Petri de Castlar, Ademarii vicecomitis…"[20].  The date does not appear in the document as reproduced, and the basis for the dating is unclear.  If the date is correct, Bertrand was already married to Hélie de Bourgogne and "Adelaitz" must be a transcription or other error.  If the dating is incorrect, it is possible that Adelais was an earlier wife of Count Bertrand.  A bull of Pope Pascal II dated 4 Feb 1107 names "Bertrannus comes" and comments that he had been "propter uxorem abiectam et multiplicata adulteria iamdiu excommunicationi subiectus"[21].  The document gives no more details of these charges, which from the context appear to have been brought some time before the date of the bull, whose main purpose was a threat of further excommunication against Bertrand for having attacked the monastery of Saint-Gilles.  She accompanied her husband to Palestine[22].  She married secondly ([1115]) Guillaume I "Talvas" Comte de Ponthieu.  "Guido comes Pontivi" donated property to Cîteaux with the consent of "pater eius Willelmus comes…et mater eius Hela" by charter dated 18 Dec 1139[23]

Count Bertrand & his wife had one child:

1.         PONS de Toulouse ([1096]-executed near Mont Pèlerin, near Tripoli Mar 1137).  His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[24].  He left for Palestine with his father in Summer 1108[25].  "Bertrandus…comes Raimundi Sancti Egidii filius" donated property for the soul of "Guillelmi Iordanis consanguinei mei" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem with the consent of "Poncio filio suo", by undated charter[26].  He succeeded his father in 1112 as PONS Count of Tripoli.  He recognised Baudouin II King of Jerusalem as his overlord in 1118, although in 1122 he refused to pay homage but was forced to submit[27].  He captured the Muslim fortress of Rafaniya in Mar 1126[28].  He supported Alix Ctss of Antioch when she reasserted her claim to the regency of Antioch after the death of her father in 1131, but his forces were defeated by Foulques d'Anjou King of Jerusalem[29].  He was ambushed by Turks in the Nosairi Mountains in 1133 and fled to the castle of Montferrand, from where he was rescued by King Foulques on the request of his wife[30].  Mahmud atabeg of Damascus invaded the county of Tripoli in early 1137.  He defeated Count Pons who fled to the mountains, but was betrayed and put to death[31]m (Tripoli 1115) as her second husband, CECILE de France, widow of TANCRED Prince of Tiberias and Antioch, daughter of PHILIPPE I King of France & his third wife Bertrade de Montfort-l'Amaury (-after 1145).  The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii names "Philippum et Florum et filiam unam" children of "Philippus rex [et] Fulconi Rechin Andagavorum comiti uxorem", specifying that the (unnamed) daughter married "Tanchredus Anthiochenus"[32].  Her parentage is recorded by William of Tyre, who also records her two marriages[33].  Her first marriage was arranged while Bohémond I Prince of Antioch was visiting the French court seeking support against Emperor Alexios I.  She sailed for Antioch end 1106[34].  While dying, Prince Tancred made Pons de Toulouse promise to marry his wife[35].  Albert of Aix records the marriage at Tripoli of "Punctus filius Bertrannus de Tripla" and "uxorem Tancredi, quæ filia erat regis Franciæ", dated to [1115] from the context[36].  William of Tyre refers to the wife of the count of Tripoli as uterine sister of Foulques King of Jerusalem and names her[37].  She claimed Jebail as her dower, but was eventually satisfied with Chastel Rouge and Arzghan[38].  She became Lady of Tarsus and Mamistra, in Cilician Armenia, in 1126[39].  "Cecilia comitissa" donated property for the souls of "domini mei Poncii comitis…et filii mei Raimundi comitis" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1139[40].  “Raymundus Pontii comitis Sancti Egidius filius...comes Tripoli” donated property to the bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay, with the advice of “Cæciliæ comitissæ matris meæ regis Francorum filius, et Hodiernæ uxoris meæ Tripolitanæ comitissæ regis Hierusalem filiæ et filii mei Raymundi et Philippi fratris mei”, by charter dated 1142[41].  Count Pons & his wife had three children:

a)         RAYMOND de Toulouse ([1120]-murdered Tripoli 1152).  William of Tyre names him and records his parentage, specifying that he was "adolescens" when his father died[42].  He succeeded his father in 1137 as RAYMOND II Count of Tripoli

-        see below

b)         PHILIPPE de Toulouse (-after 1142).  “Raymundus Pontii comitis Sancti Egidius filius...comes Tripoli” donated property to the bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay, with the advice of “Cæciliæ comitissæ matris meæ regis Francorum filius, et Hodiernæ uxoris meæ Tripolitanæ comitissæ regis Hierusalem filiæ et filii mei Raymundi et Philippi fratris mei”, by charter dated 1142[43]

c)         AGNES de Toulouse ([1117/25]-[1175/78]).  "Raynaldus II de Margato filius Raynaldi Mansoerii eiusque uxor Agnes filia comitis Tripolitani" exchanged property with "Guillelmo de Redos" by charter dated Jul 1151[44].  Renaud Prince of Antioch confirmed the donation to the Knights Templars by "Rainaldus II, dominus Margati, Rainaldi Masuerii filius", with the consent of "uxoris Agnetis, Tripolitani comitis filiæ, ac filii Thomæ", by charter dated Mar 1160[45].  "Raynaldus II Masuerius dominus Margati" donated property "casale Toron" to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Agnetis uxoris, filiæ comitis Tripolitani, Amalrici et Bertrandi filiorum", by charter dated 1165[46].  "Raynaldus dominus Margati" donated property to the Knights Templars, with the consent of "Agneti uxoris adhuc vivæ, Amalrici, Manzoer et Bertrandi filiorum", by charter dated to [1175][47], which suggests that Agnes was gravely ill at the time of the writing of the charter.  "Raynaldus dominus de Margato" confirmed a donation to the Knights Templars "dum Agnes uxor viverat…assensu Amalrici, Mansoeri et Bertrandi filiorum", by charter dated Mar 1183[48]m RENAUD [II] Lord of Marqab, son of RENAUD [I] Lord of Marqab & his wife --- (-[30 Oct 1185/1 Feb 1186]). 

 

 

RAYMOND de Toulouse, son of PONS Count of Tripoli & his wife Cécile de France ([1120]-murdered Tripoli 1152).  William of Tyre names him and records his parentage, specifying that he was "adolescens" when his father died[49].  He succeeded his father in 1137 as RAYMOND II Count of Tripoli.  "Cecilia comitissa" donated property for the souls of "domini mei Poncii comitis…et filii mei Raimundi comitis" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1139[50].  "Raimundus Pontii filius comes…Tripolitanus" confirmed a donation of property previously held by "Raimundus comes…princeps in partibus Syrie" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem dated 22 Aug 1106 by "nepos eius Guillelmus Iordanis", by undated subscription to a charter[51].  He avenged his father's death by massacring the Christians of the Lebanon who were suspected of betraying Count Pons.  Zengi marched on Homs, besieged the castle of Montferrand, massacred the armies of Count Raymond and Foulques King of Jerusalem which were en route to relieve the siege, and captured Count Raymond who was released when the king agreed to surrender the castle[52].  “Raymundus Pontii comitis Sancti Egidius filius...comes Tripoli” donated property to the bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay, with the advice of “Cæciliæ comitissæ matris meæ regis Francorum filius, et Hodiernæ uxoris meæ Tripolitanæ comitissæ regis Hierusalem filiæ et filii mei Raymundi et Philippi fratris mei”, by charter dated 1142[53].  "Raimundus…comes Tripolitanus et Hodierna comitisse Tripolitana et Raimundus filius noster" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1143[54].  After Comte Raymond was accused of murdering his great-uncle Alphonse I Comte de Toulouse, he refused to have any further dealings with the Second Crusade[55].  William of Tyre records that Count Raymond was murdered by a band of assassins as he returned to Tripoli after escorting his wife and sister-in-law out of the city[56]

m (1131) HODIERNE of Jerusalem, daughter of BAUDOUIN II King of Jerusalem & his wife Morfia of Melitene [Armenia] (-after 1152).  She is named by William of Tyre who also records her parentage[57].  He records her marriage in a later passage, in which he also says that she was her father's second daughter[58].  A headstrong person, her husband attempted to keep her in a state of seclusion.  "Raimundus Tripolitanus comes et Hodierna coniux mee…Tripolis comitissa, regis Iherusalem filia" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated Jan 1140[59].  “Raymundus Pontii comitis Sancti Egidius filius...comes Tripoli” donated property to the bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay, with the advice of “Cæciliæ comitissæ matris meæ regis Francorum filius, et Hodiernæ uxoris meæ Tripolitanæ comitissæ regis Hierusalem filiæ et filii mei Raymundi et Philippi fratris mei”, by charter dated 1142[60].  Her sister Mélisende Queen of Jerusalem visited Tripoli in 1152 in an attempt to negotiate a reconciliation between the couple.  She and her sister left for Jerusalem together, but returned after learning of the murder of Count Raymond.  Ctss Hodierne assumed the regency in Tripoli in the name of her son, with Baudouin III King of Jerusalem as guardian[61].   

Count Raymond & his wife had two children:

1.         RAYMOND of Tripoli ([1139/40]-Tripoli end Sep 1187).  William of Tyre names him and records his parentage, specifying that he was 12 years old when his father was murdered[62].  “Raymundus Pontii comitis Sancti Egidius filius...comes Tripoli” donated property to the bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay, with the advice of “Cæciliæ comitissæ matris meæ regis Francorum filius, et Hodiernæ uxoris meæ Tripolitanæ comitissæ regis Hierusalem filiæ et filii mei Raymundi et Philippi fratris mei”, by charter dated 1142[63].  "Raimundus…comes Tripolitanus et Hodierna comitisse Tripolitana et Raimundus filius noster" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1143[64].  He succeeded his father in 1152 as RAYMOND III Count of Tripoli, under the regency of his mother until 1159.  Having spent large sums fitting out his sister for her imperial marriage, he demanded reimbursement after Emperor Manuel I repudiated the betrothal.  The emperor refused and Count Raymond raided the coast of Cyprus in revenge[65].  Taking advantage of the absence of Amaury King of Jerusalem, who had invaded the Fatimid Caliphate in Sep 1163, Nur-ed-Din besieged the castle of Krak in the county of Tripoli but was repulsed by the combined armies of Konstantinos Kalamános, Bohémond III Prince of Antioch and Hugues de Lusignan[66].  Count Raymond joined the same group in Aug 1164 to relieve another attack on Harenc, but was captured in an ambush at Artah, together with the other leaders, and taken bound to Aleppo[67].  Count Raymond was released from prison in [Sep 1173/mid-1174] on promise of payment of a ransom of 80,000 dinars[68].  He was installed as regent for Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem in Autumn 1174, supported by the more traditional elements of society in Palestine and the Knights Hospitallers, and held the post until 1177 when the king came of age[69].  He attacked Homs 1 Feb 1175, distracting Saladin from his siege of Aleppo in return for which the ruler of Aleppo released his remaining Christian prisoners[70].  Before he died in 1185, Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem appointed Raymond Count of Tripoli as regent for his heir King Baudouin V[71].  He signed a four-year truce with Saladin in 1185[72].  Bar Hebræus records that the Count of Tripoli had recognised the suzerainty of Salah ed-Din [Saladin] but was obliged by "les prêtres et le patriarche" to join the other Franks in attacking the sultan[73].  He opposed the succession of Sibylle as queen of Jerusalem in 1186, unsuccessfully promoting her half-sister Isabelle[74].  He retired to his wife's lands in Galilee and refused to pay homage to the new king and queen[75].  After the breach of the truce by Renaud de Châtillon ex-Prince of Antioch, who attacked a Muslim caravan end 1186, Count Raymond signed his own truce for Tripoli and Galilee[76].  He escaped from Saladin at Hattin, but died soon after.  He appointed Raymond, son of Bohémond III Prince of Antioch, as his heir in Tripoli while insisting that the county should be handed to any member of the family of the Counts of Toulouse who may in the future come to Palestine[77].  His approximate date of death is set by the charter dated Oct 1187 under which "Corradus, marchionis Montisferrati filius" confirmed donations to the Knights Templars by "Raimundo bonæ memoriæ comite Tripolitano"[78]m ([1 Oct 1174]) as her second husband, ESCHIVA [II] de Bures Pss of Galilee Lady of Tiberias, widow of GAUTHIER de Saint-Omer Lord of Tiberias, daughter of ELINARD de Bures Prince of Galilee & his wife ---.  The Chronicle of Ernoul records that "un seigneur á Tabarie…castelains…de Saint Omer" married "la dame de Tabarie" and had four sons[79].  Her marriage is recorded by William of Tyre, who names her and her first husband "domini Galterii principis Galileæ" but does not record her parentage[80].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Eschiva la dame de Thabarie" as the wife of "Reymont…conte"[81].  She surrendered Tiberias to Saladin 5 Jul 1187[82].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the second marriage of "le dame de Tabarie au conte de Triple…Raimons"[83]

2.         MELISENDE of Tripoli (-after 1161).  William of Tyre names her and records her parentage[84].  Ioannes Kinnamos records that "Ioannem Contostephanum sebastum et Theophylactum virum Italum" were sent to negotiate a marriage with "puella Tripoli in Phoenicia, gente quidem Latina"[85].  Melisende was nominated by Baudouin III King of Jerusalem in 1159 as a prospective bride for Manuel I Emperor of Byzantium when the Emperor asked him to choose him a wife from among the princesses of Outremer.  However, the Emperor repudiated the betrothal [Jul] 1161, apparently after being told that there were doubts about Mélisende's legitimacy based on her mother's known quarrel with her father[86]Betrothed ([1159/60]) to Emperor MANUEL I, son of Emperor IOANNES II & his wife [Piroska] [Eirene] of Hungary (Constantinople [15 Aug 1118]-24 Sep 1180, bur Monastery of Christ Pantocrator). 

 

 

 

B.      COUNTS of TRIPOLI 1187-1289 (FAMILY of PRINCES of ANTIOCH)

 

 

Full details of the following family are shown in the document ANTIOCH. 

 

 

BOHEMOND of Antioch, son of RAYMOND de Poitiers Prince of Antioch & his wife Constance Pss of Antioch ([1144]-[20 Mar/1 Oct][87] 1201).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Beymont et Marguerite" as the two children of "Reimont le fill au comte de Poitiers" & his wife[88].  When his father was taken prisoner in 1160, Baudouin III King of Jerusalem declared that Bohémond was the rightful prince and he succeeded as BOHEMOND III "le Bègue" Prince of Antioch, under the regency of Patriarch Aimery. 

1.         other children: see ANTIOCH

2.         RAYMOND of Antioch (-[May/Jun] 1198).  William of Tyre (Continuator) names him as son of Prince Bohémond[89].  He is named "Raymundy primogeniti filii Boamundi principis Antiochie" in the charter of his son Raymond Rupen dated Sep 1210[90].  Raymond III Count of Tripoli appointed Raymond as his heir in Tripoli, while insisting that the county should be handed to any member of the family of the Counts of Toulouse who might in the future come to Palestine[91].  He was invested in 1187 as RAYMOND IV Count of Tripoli, with his father acting as ruler during his minority, but Prince Bohémond transferred Tripoli to his second son in 1189[92]

-        see ANTIOCH

3.         BOHEMOND of Antioch (-Mar 1233).  William of Tyre (Continuator) names him as son of Prince Bohémond, specifying that he was "le meins né fiz"[93].  He was installed as BOHEMOND I Count of Tripoli in 1189 by his father, in place of his older brother.  He succeeded his father in [Apr] 1201 as BOHEMOND IV Prince of Antioch

a)         other children: see ANTIOCH

b)         BOHEMOND of Antioch (-Jan 1252).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Boemundum principem Antiochie et Henricum" as the two surviving sons of "Boemundus Strabus comes Tripoli et princeps Antiochie"[94].  He succeeded his father in 1233 as BOHEMOND V titular Prince of Antioch, BOHEMOND II Count of Tripoli.  Antioch continued to be ruled by the Commune, so Prince Bohémond resided at Tripoli[95]

i)          other children: see ANTIOCH

ii)         BOHEMOND of Antioch ([1237]-[11 May/Jul] 1275).  He is named as son of Prince Bohémond by William of Tyre (Continuator), when recording his father's death[96].  He succeeded his father in 1252 as BOHEMOND VI titular Prince of Antioch, BOHEMOND III Count of Tripoli, under the regency of his mother until he was declared of age in Dec 1252[97]

(a)       other children: see ANTIOCH

(b)       BOHEMOND of Antioch (1260-19 Oct 1287).  William of Tyre (Continuation) names him and gives his parentage, when recording his succession[98].  He succeeded his father in 1275 as BOHEMOND IV Count of Tripoli and titular Prince of Antioch, but was sent to the court of Leo III King of Armenia by his mother.  He returned to Tripoli to assume the administration in 1277[99].  After quarrelling with Guy II Embriaco of Jebail, he was defeated in 1277 north of Botrun and again in 1278, but took his revenge in Jan 1282 when he captured Guy in Tripoli by burying him up to his neck in a ditch and leaving him to starve to death[100]

(c)       LUCIE of Antioch (-before 29 Jun 1299).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Beymont, Ysabeau, Marie et Lucie" as the four children of "Beymont" & his wife, stating that Lucie married "Nerjo de Toussi" and died without heirs[101].  She succeeded her brother in 1287 as LUCIE Ctss of Tripoli, while living in Apulia.  The nobles of Tripoli proclaimed the dethronement of the dynasty after offering the crown to Dowager Princess Sibylle, who refused it unless Bartholomew Bishop of Tortosa was accepted as her bailli[102].  In early 1288, when Lucie and her husband arrived at Acre to take up her inheritance, the commune of Tripoli refused to accept her.  The commune finally recognised her as Ctss of Tripoli after suspecting that the Genoese, led by Bartolomeo Embriaco, wished to seize control of the town[103].  Sultan Qalawun, taking advantage of the general confusion over the succession, besieged Tripoli in Feb 1289 and captured the city 26 Apr 1289, whereupon Ctss Lucie escaped to Cyprus.  The Sultan ordered the city razed to the ground and founded a new city inland at the foot of Mont Pèlerin[104]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    VASSALS of the COUNTS of TRIPOLI

 

 

 

A.      LORDS of BESMEDIN (EMBRIACO)

 

 

HUGUES de Giblet, son of GUILLAUME Embriaco & his wife Fadie de Hierges (-1220 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue…seignor de Besmedin" as the son of "Guilliaume, l'autre fis de Hue l'Embriac, seignor de Giblet" & his wife[105].  His parentage is confirmed by another manuscript of the Lignages which, in one passage, name "Guillaume" son of "…Hugues" as "ayeull de cestui Reymont Bessemedin"[106], and in another passage name "Reymont Beissemedin" among the children of "Hue de Gibellet" & his wife.  Lord of Besmedin

m AGNES de Ham, daughter of GERARD de Ham, Constable of Tripoli & his wife Marie ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Agnes…feme de Hue de Gibellet" as daughter of Gerard de Ham & his wife[107].  Another manuscript of the Lignages confirms that her father was "conestable de Triple"[108]

Hugues & his wife had five children: 

1.         RAYMOND de Giblet (-1253 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Reymont Beissemedin…et Gerard de Han et Guillaume de Gibelet et Adam seignor de Adelon et…Agnes…feme de Theri de Terremonde" as children of "Hue de Gibellet" & his wife[109]Lord of Besmedinm firstly MARGUERITE de Scandelion, sister of PIERRE de Scandelion, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite, la seur dou Pierre, le seignor de Scandelion" as the wife of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin"[110]m secondly ALIX de Soudin, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis, la fille dou Soudin" as the second wife of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin"[111].  Raymond & his first wife had three children: 

a)         JEAN [I] de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan, Eschive et Agnes" as the children of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin" & his wife "Marguerite, la seur dou Pierre, le seignor de Scandelion"[112].  1243.  m POITEVINE, daughter of --- Marshal of Tripoli & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Peiteveine, la fille dou mareschal de Triple" as the wife of Jean, son of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin"[113].  Jean [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)          PLAISANCE de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Plaisence" as the daughter of Jean, son of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin", stating that she married "Bertran de Montolif"[114]m BERTRAND de Montolive, son of ---. 

b)         ESCHIVA de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan, Eschive et Agnes" as the children of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin" & his wife "Marguerite, la seur dou Pierre, le seignor de Scandelion", stating that Eschiva married "Reymont Visconte"[115]m RAYMOND Visconte, son of ---.

c)         AGNES de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan, Eschive et Agnes" as the children of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin" & his wife "Marguerite, la seur dou Pierre, le seignor de Scandelion"[116]

Raymond & his second wife had five children: 

d)         HUGUES de Giblet (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue, Henri et Bertran, Susane et Marie" as the children of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin" and his second wife, stating that "Hue, Bertran et Susane morurent"[117]

e)         HENRI de Giblet (-murdered Nicosia 9 Sep 1310, bur Nicosia Monastery of St Francis).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue, Henri et Bertran, Susane et Marie" as the children of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin" and his second wife[118]Lord of Besmedin.  After the capture of Tripoli 26 Apr 1288, Henri left for Cyprus[119]m MARGUERITE de Morf, daughter of BAUDOUIN de Morf Seigneur de Cueillies & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite, la fille Bauduin dou Morf, le seignor de Quelleyes" as the wife of Henri, son of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin"[120].  Henri de Giblet & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEAN [II] de Giblet (-[1315]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan et Marie" as the children of Henri, son of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin"[121]m MARGUERITE du Plessis, daughter of JEAN d'Amiens dit du Plessis & his wife Marie of Tripoli.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite, la fille de Johan dou Plaissi" as the wife of Jean, son of Henri de Giblet, stating that they had one daughter[122].  Jean [II] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MARIE de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marguerite, la fille de Johan dou Plaissi" as the wife of Jean, son of Henri de Giblet, stating that they had one daughter[123]

ii)         MARIE de Giblet.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan et Marie" as the children of Henri, son of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin"[124]

f)          BERTRAND de Giblet (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue, Henri et Bertran, Susane et Marie" as the children of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin" and his second wife, stating that "Hue, Bertran et Susane morurent"[125]

g)         SUZANNE de Giblet (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue, Henri et Bertran, Susane et Marie" as the children of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin" and his second wife, stating that "Hue, Bertran et Susane morurent"[126]

h)         MARIE de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue, Henri et Bertran, Susane et Marie" as the children of "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet, le seignor de Besmedin" and his second wife, stating that Marie married "Gui de Montolif"[127]m GUY de Montolif .

2.         GIRARD de Ham (-1225).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Reymont Beissemedin…et Gerard de Han et Guillaume de Gibelet et Adam seignor de Adelon et…Agnes…feme de Theri de Terremonde" as children of "Hue de Gibellet" & his wife[128].  Another manuscript of the Lignages states that Girard "morut"[129]

3.         GUILLAUME [II] de Giblet (-before 1243).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Reymont Beissemedin…et Gerard de Han et Guillaume de Gibelet et Adam seignor de Adelon et…Agnes…feme de Theri de Terremonde" as children of "Hue de Gibellet" & his wife[130]m ANNE de Montignac, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Anne de Monteignac" as the wife of Guillaume son of "Hue…seignor de Besmedin"[131].  Guillaume [II] & his wife had seven children: 

a)         EUDES de Giblet (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heude, Johan et Girart, Marie, Estefenie, Femie et Agnes" as the children of Guillaume, son of "Hue…seignor de Besmedin", & his wife, stating that "Heude et Girart morurent"[132]

b)         JEAN [III] de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heude, Johan et Girart, Marie, Estefenie, Femie et Agnes" as the children of Guillaume, son of "Hue…seignor de Besmedin", & his wife, stating that Jean was "seignor de Saint Foti"[133].  Seigneur de Saint-Foucy.  m GILLETTE d'Angiller, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gile, la fille Reimunt d'Aguiller" as the wife of "Johan…seignor de Saint Foti"[134].  Jean [III] & his wife had three children: 

i)          GUILLAUME [III] de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guilliaume, Marie et Eschive" as the three children of "Johan…seignor de Saint Foti" & his wife[135]m (Papal dispensation 3o and 4o 7 Aug 1318) MARIE de Verny, daughter of BALIAN de Verny & his wife ---.  Guillaume [III] & his wife had three children: 

(a)       JEAN [IV]  .  He was taken to Genoa as a hostage 30 Apr 1374[136]

(b)       ALICE (-before 1347).  m firstly (Papal dispensation 4o 2 Jan 1341) ANSEAU Bordin, son of ---.  m secondly PHILIPPE Ibelin, son of ---.  1347. 

(c)       ESCHIVAm (Papal dispensation 4o 14 May 1347) PHILIPPE Ibelin, son of ---. 

ii)         MARIE de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guilliaume, Marie et Eschive" as the three children of "Johan…seignor de Saint Foti" & his wife[137]

iii)        ESCHIVA de Giblet (-before 1350).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guilliaume, Marie et Eschive" as the three children of "Johan…seignor de Saint Foti" & his wife[138]m SIMON Petit, son of --- (-[1355/58]).

c)         GIRARD de Giblet (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heude, Johan et Girart, Marie, Estefenie, Femie et Agnes" as the children of Guillaume, son of "Hue…seignor de Besmedin", & his wife, stating that "Heude et Girart morurent"[139]

d)         STEPHANIE de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heude, Johan et Girart, Marie, Estefenie, Femie et Agnes" as the children of Guillaume, son of "Hue…seignor de Besmedin", & his wife[140]m AMAURY le Bernier, son of ---. 

e)         MARIE de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heude, Johan et Girart, Marie, Estefenie, Femie et Agnes" as the children of Guillaume, son of "Hue…seignor de Besmedin", & his wife, stating that Marie married "Amauri le Flamens" and had "II filles, Femie qui espousa Angelier de Giblet et ot I fis Angelier, qui espousa Helvis la fille Gilebert de Flouri.  Estefenie fu feme de Amauri le Berner"[141]m AMAURY le Flamenc, son of ---.

f)          FEMIE de Giblet (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heude, Johan et Girart, Marie, Estefenie, Femie et Agnes" as the children of Guillaume, son of "Hue…seignor de Besmedin", & his wife[142]

g)         AGNES de Giblet (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Heude, Johan et Girart, Marie, Estefenie, Femie et Agnes" as the children of Guillaume, son of "Hue…seignor de Besmedin", & his wife[143]

4.         ADAM de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Reymont Beissemedin…et Gerard de Han et Guillaume de Gibelet et Adam seignor de Adelon et…Agnes…feme de Theri de Terremon de" as children of "Hue de Gibellet" & his wife[144].  Lord of Adelon.

5.         AGNES de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Reymont Beissemedin…et Gerard de Han et Guillaume de Gibelet et Adam seignor de Adelon et…Agnes…feme de Theri de Terremonde" as children of "Hue de Gibellet" & his wife, specifying that Agnes and her husband were parents of "Daniel…et Marguerite" who were married to "Ysabiau la fille de Thomas de Maugastiau, et Philippe le fiz doudit Thomas", Daniel being the father of "Agnes…feme de Garnier l'Aleman…et Ysabiau…espouse de Phelippe le Chamberlain"[145]m THIERRY de Tenremonde, son of GAUTHIER [II] Seigneur de Tenremonde & his wife ---.

 

 

 

B.      LORDS of BOUTRON

 
 

1.         RAYMOND d'Agoult, son of --- .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Raymont Agot" was first "seignor dou Boutron"[146]Lord of Boutronm ---.  The name of Raymond´s wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROSTAIN .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain et…Marguerite" as the two children of "Raymont Agot…premier seignor dou Boutron"[147]m ---.  The name of Rostain´s wife is not known.  Rostain & his wife had one child: 

i)          CECILE du Boutron (-after Mar 1203).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Rostain", son of "Raymont Agot…premier seignor dou Boutron", had one daughter who was his heiress and married "I Pizan…Plivain"[148].  Another manuscript of the Lignages records that "la dame dou Boutron demorra orfenine" and "le prince la maria a Plivain, qui esteit oncle de Mangon d'Accre le Pisan" and that they had a daughter who was married to "Guillaume, fiz dou prince [Beymont le grant prince]"[149].  The situation is somewhat confused by William of Tyre who records that "il avoit une fille de sa premiere feme" who married "un riche home de Pise…Plivan"[150], which appears to link "il" with either Guillaume Dorel or Hugues [III] Embriaco Lord of Jebail, the two husbands of Stephanie de Milly (see below), neither of whom have so far been identified as having married twice.  Rostain is not named in the passage.  Heiress of Boutron.  William of Tyre recounts that, after her father's death, her future husband placed her on a weighing machine and offered her weight in gold for the marriage, paying about 10,000 besants[151].  "Plebanus dominus Botroni" confirmed privileges to the Pisans, with the consent of "uxore Cæcilia", by charter dated Mar 1203[152]m PLIVANO, son of ---.  Lord of Boutron

b)         MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain et…Marguerite" as the two children of "Raymont Agot…premier seignor dou Boutron", stating that Marguerite married "Hugue de Monclar"[153]m HUGUES de Monclair, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME Dorel (-before 1179)Lord of BoutronWilliam of Tyre names "Guillaume Dorel Sire de Botron le quel avoit eu a espose Stephanie…fille de Henri le Bufle que Hue de Gybelet esposa puis la mort de Guillaume Dorel"[154]m as her first husband, STEPHANIE de Milly, daughter of HENRI "Bubalus" de Milly & his wife Agnes Garnier of Sidon (-after 1197).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the second daughter of "Henri le Bufle" & his wife was wife firstly "dou seignor dou Boutron", who died without heirs, and secondly of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit", and state in a later passage that she inherited "Mergelcolon et Gedin et les autres casaus que thomassin de Cesaire tient ores" on the death of her father and gave these properties to her daughter Pavie[155].  She married secondly (before 1179) Hugues [III] Embriaco Lord of Jebail.  The Lignages d'Outremer confirm her parentage when they name "Plaissence…fille de Hue de Gibelet et de Estefenie segonde fille de Henri de Bufle" as the wife of "le prince Borgne"[156].  Her marriage date is set by the charter dated Dec 1179 under which Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed a sale by "Hugo iuvenis, filius Hugonis domini Bibliensis", with the consent of "uxoris Stephaniæ"[157].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records "une…dame avoist esté de Gibelet" at Tripoli and that her town was returned to her after the death of Saladin [in 1197][158]

 

 

[Three] siblings: 

1.         PLIVANO, son of --- (-[4 Sep 1209/Jan 1227)).  From Pisa.  Lord of Boutron.  "…Plebanus dominus Botroni…" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1181 under which Raymond Count of Tripoli donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[159].  "Plebanus dominus Botronis…" subscribed the charter dated 22 Jan 1195 under which Bohémond III Prince of Antioch confirmed privileges for the Pisans in Tripoli[160].  "Plebanus Botoni" subscribed the charter dated 8 Aug 1196 under which Bohémond III Prince of Antioch donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[161].  "Plebanus Botoroni, Raimundus de Biblio iuvenis, Bertrandus frater eius…Henricus nepos Plebani" subscribed the charter dated 21 Aug 1198 under which Bohémond III Prince of Antioch donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[162].  "…Plebanus Botoroni…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 1199 under which Bohémond Count of Tripoli granted rights to "Willelmo de Merle"[163].  "Boemundus IV princeps Antiochiæ et comes Tripolis" confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 26 Aug 1199, subscribed by "…Plebanus Botroni…"[164].  "Boamundus IV princeps Antiochenus et comes Tripolitanus, Boamundi III olim principis filius" granted property to "Guidoni domini de Biblio" on the occasion of his marriage to "sororis suæ Aalis", by charter dated Dec 1204, subscribed by "…Pieban dominus de Botne"[165].  "…Plivanus dominus Botroni…" subscribed the charter dated 4 Sep 1209 under which Bohémond IV prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli donated property to the Teutonic Knights[166]m CECILE du Boutron, daughter of ROSTAIN Lord of Boutron & his wife --- (-after Mar 1203).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Rostain", son of "Raymont Agot…premier seignor dou Boutron", had one daughter who was his heiress and married "I Pizan…Plivain"[167].  Another manuscript of the Lignages records that "la dame dou Boutron demorra orfenine" and "le prince la maria a Plivain, qui esteit oncle de Mangon d'Accre le Pisan" and that they had a daughter who was married to "Guillaume, fiz dou prince [Beymont le grant prince]"[168].  The situation is somewhat confused by William of Tyre who records that "il avoit une fille de sa premiere feme" who married "un riche home de Pise…Plivan"[169], which appears to link "il" with either Guillaume Dorel or Hugues [III] Embriaco Lord of Jebail, the two husbands of Stephanie de Milly (see above), neither of whom have so far been identified as having married twice.  Rostain is not named in the passage.  Heiress of Boutron.  William of Tyre recounts that, after her father's death, her future husband placed her on a weighing machine and offered her weight in gold for the marriage, paying about 10,000 besants[170].  "Plebanus dominus Botroni" confirmed privileges to the Pisans, with the consent of "uxore Cæcilia", by charter dated Mar 1203[171].  Plivano & his wife had one child: 

a)         --- .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Guillaume" son of "Beymont le grant prince" and his wife Isabelle married "la dame dou Boutron"[172]m (before Jan 1227) BOHEMOND of Antioch, son of BOHEMOND III "le Bègue" Prince of Antioch & his fourth wife Isabelle --- (-1244 after 18 Oct). 

2.         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         HENRI (-after 21 Aug 1198).  "Plebanus Botoroni…Henricus nepos Plebani" subscribed the charter dated 21 Aug 1198 under which Bohémond III Prince of Antioch donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[173]

3.         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

a)         MANGON of Acre .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Plivain, qui esteit oncle de Mangon d'Accre le Pisan" when recording his marriage"[174]m ---.  The name of Mangon´s wife is not known.  Mangon & his wife had one child: 

i)          ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Ysabeau la fille de Mangon un Pisan" as wife of "Balian [de Brie]"[175]m as his first wife, BALIAN de Brie, son of JEAN de Brie & his wife Alix de Chappe. 

 

 

BOHEMOND of Antioch, son of BOHEMOND III "le Bègue" Prince of Antioch & his fourth wife Isabelle --- (-1244 after 18 Oct).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaume" as the son of "Beymont le grant prince" and his wife Isabelle[176], although another manuscript of the Lignages names "Guillaume et Beymont" as the two sons of "Beymont" and his wife Isabelle, stating that "Beymont" married "la fille Plivan le sire de Boutron"[177]Lord of Boutron.  "Boemont sires del Botron" subscribed the charter dated Jan 1227 under which Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli confirmed property of the Teutonic Knights[178].  "Boemundus dominus Botoronis, Thomas de Ham constabulus Tripolitanus, Henricus de Rufi et Radulfus nepos eius" subscribed the charter dated 1234 under which "Isabella de Betsan, filia quondam Philippi Ruf[fi] et Bertrandus Porcelet" donated property to the Teutonic Knights[179]

m (before Jan 1227) --- of Boutron, daughter of PLIVANO & his wife Cecile du Boutron.  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Guillaume" son of "Beymont le grant prince" and his wife Isabelle married "la dame dou Boutron"[180]

Bohémond & his wife had four children: 

1.         JEAN de Boutron (-after 18 Oct 1244).  "…Johan filius domini de Boterono…" subscribed the charter dated 18 Nov 1241 under which Albert Patriarch of Antioch confirmed an agreement between Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch and the Knights Hospitallers[181].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records "Johan et Guillaume … fiz de Beymont le seignor dou Boutron" who were captured in battle in 1244[182].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan, Guilliaume, Jaque et Ysabeau" as the four children of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne" & his wife, recording that Jean died "en la prison des Tours"[183]

2.         GUILLAUME de Boutron .  William of Tyre (Continuator) records "Johan et Guillaume … fiz de Beymont le seignor dou Boutron" who were captured in battle in 1244[184].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan, Guilliaume, Jaque et Ysabeau" as the four children of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne" & his wife[185]Lord of Boutron.  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "…Guillaume dominus de Botron…", by charter dated Oct 1252[186].  Constable of Jerusalem 1262.  m AGNES Garnier of Sidon, daughter of BALIAN Garnier Lord of Sidon and Beaufort & his wife Marguerite de Raynel.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau…et Agnes" as the two daughters of "Bellin…seignor de Seete" & his wife, specifying that Agnes married "Guillaume seignor dou Boutron"[187].  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN de Boutron (-[1277]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan" as the son of Guillaume, son of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne", & his wife[188]Lord of Boutronm ([1258]) LUCIE of Jebail, daughter of BERTRAND [II] Embriaco & his wife Béatrice de Saint-Siméon-Soudin.  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bertheleme, Guilliaume, Lucie et Marguerite" as the four children of Bertrand, son of Hugues, & his wife, stating that Lucie married "Johan le seignor dou Boutron"[189]

3.         JACQUES de Boutron .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan, Guilliaume, Jaque et Ysabeau" as the four children of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne" & his wife[190]m CLARENCE Hazart, daughter of GUILLAUME Hazart Constable of Antioch & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Clarence, la fille Guilliaume de Hasart, le conestable d'Antioche" as the wife of Jacques, son of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne", and his wife[191].  Jacques & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROSTAIN de Boutron (-after 26 Feb 1282).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain, Guilliaume et Aalis" as the children of Jacques, son of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne", & his wife[192]Lord of Boutron.  "…Rostain dominus Botroni…" subscribed the charter dated 26 Feb 1282 which records charges brought against "Guidonem dominum de Gibelet" by the Knights Templars[193]

b)         ALIX de Boutron .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain, Guilliaume et Aalis" as the children of Jacques, son of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne", & his wife, stating that Alix married "Guilliaume de Farabel, seignor de Pui" and that they had two sons "Rostain et Guilliaume morurent em Puill" and one daughter[194]m GUILLAUME de Farabel Seigneur de Puy, son of JEAN de Farabel & his wife Marie du Puy.  Constable of Tripoli.  1282. 

c)         GUILLAUME de Boutron .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain, Guilliaume et Aalis" as the children of Jacques, son of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne", & his wife[195]

4.         ISABELLE de Boutron .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan, Guilliaume, Jaque et Ysabeau" as the four children of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne" & his wife, stating that Isabelle married "Meillor le sire de Mareclee"[196].   m MELLIOR de Ravendel Lord of Maraclea, son of ---.  1255/62. 

 

 

 

C.      LORDS of JEBAIL (EMBRIACO)

 
 

Caffaro records that, in 1109, the town of Jebail was captured by Bertrand Count of Tripoli who granted it to the Genoese, presumably in recognition of the part they played in the campaign.  The same source records that two parts of the town were sub-granted to Ugo Embriaco, the other third to Ansaldo Corso.  After the murder of Guy [II] Embriaco Lord of Jebail in 1282, Bohémond VII Count of Tripoli occupied the town, which fell to the Egyptians in 1289[197]

 

 
Two brothers from Genoa:

1.         GUGLIELMO [I] Embriaco (-after 1110).  Caffaro names "Guillermus Januensis Embricus et Primus frater eius" among those present at the capture of Jerusalem in Jul 1099[198].  The Annals of Caffaro name "Willielmus Embriacus…Guido Spinola" among the consuls of Genoa in 1102 and 1110[199].  "Bertrannus comes S Aegidii", acting through "Guillelmi Embriaci, Oberti Ususmaris, Ingonis Pedegolæ, Ansaldi Caput de Burgo", granted the whole of Jebail and one third of Tripoli to the church of St Lawrence, Genoa by charter dated 26 Jun 1109[200].  Guglielmo [I] presumably returned to Genoa before the capture of Tripoli (dated to 12 Jul 1109) after which his presumed son was granted the lordship of Jebail.  m ---.  The name of Guglielmo's wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [UGO [I] Embriaco (-1135 or before).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   However, Ugo and Oberto Embriaco (sons of Niccolò Embriaco, see below) called themselves "consanguinei" of Guillaume [II] Embriaco (son of Ugo [I] Embriaco) in May 1144[201].  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Hue l'Embriac" was from Genoa and was first "seignor de Giblet"[202].  A Genoese admiral, he joined Bertrand Comte de Toulouse on his voyage to Palestine in 1108.  Caffaro records that Bertrand Count of Tripoli captured Jebail and granted it to the Genoese, two parts to "Ugoni Embriaco" and the third part to "Ansaldo Corso", in 1109[203].  Lord of Jebail.  Cafari records that, after the surrender of Tripoli (12 Jul 1109), Bertrand Count of Tripoli granted Jebail to the Genoese, who sub-granted two parts to "Ugoni Embriaco" and the other part to "Ansaldo Corso"[204].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue" and state that his wife was "provensalle"[205].  The date of Ugo [I]'s death is estimated from his wife's donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem dated 1135 (see below)[206]m ADELASIA, daughter of ---.  "Adalais uxor que fui Hugonis Ebraici…cum filio meo Willelmo Ebriaco" donated property "pro salvatione mea ac filiorum meorum" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1135[207].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue" and state that his wife was "provensalle"[208].  Because the Lignages skip the generation of Ugo [I]'s son Guillaume [II] in its text, it is not known whether the "Provençale" was the wife of Ugo or of his son Guillaume.  The issue is somewhat clarified by another manuscript of the Lignages which names "une Provensale…Sanche" as the wife of "Hue l'Embriac…le premier seignor de Giblet"[209].  It is unclear whether this refers to another wife of Ugo [I], unrecorded elsewhere, or to the wife of Guillaume, Ugo's son, also recorded as Sancha.  Ugo [I] & his wife had [two or more] children: 

i)          GUILLAUME [II] Embriaco (-1159 or after).  "Adalais uxor que fui Hugonis Ebraici…cum filio meo Willelmo Ebriaco" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1135[210]Lord of Jebail.   

-         see below

ii)         other sons .  "Adalais uxor que fui Hugonis Ebraici…cum filio meo Willelmo Ebriaco" donated property "pro salvatione mea ac filiorum meorum" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1135[211].  It is not known how many other sons there may have been or their names. 

2.         NICCOLÒ [I] Embriaco (-[Dec 1127/Jan 1147]).  Caffaro names "Guillermus Januensis Embricus et Primus frater eius" among those present at the capture of Jerusalem in Jul 1099[212].  It is assumed that the second person named refers to Niccolò.  The republic of Genoa granted property in Soudin and Laodicea to Niccolò Embriaco in Dec 1127[213].  "…Nicolaus Embriacus" subscribed a charter dated dated Dec 1127 of Bohémond II Prince of Antioch[214]m ---.  The name of Niccolò's wife is not known.  Niccolò & his wife had two children: 

a)         UGO Embriaco (-[Mar 1144/Jan 1147]).  "Ugo Embriacus, filius Nicole Embriaci" swore allegiance to "consanguinei Guillelmi Embriaci" by charter dated May 1144 which names "frater eius Obertus"[215]m ---.  The name of Ugo's wife is not known.  Ugo & his wife had two children: 

i)          UGO Embriaco (-after Jan 1154).  The consuls of Genoa recognised having received 300 livres from "Hugues et Nicolas Embriaco", heirs of "Nicolas Embriaco", for the Genoese property which they held in Laodicea and Antioch, in Jan 1147, their leases being renewed for 29 years in Jan 1154[216].  "Ugoni Embriaco et Nicolao fratri" received confirmation of possessions in Acre by charter dated Jan 1154[217]same person as…?  UGO Embriaco (-[1196/1209]).  The Annals of Ottobono name "Ugo Embriacus…" as one of the consuls of Genoa in 1193[218].  The Annals of Ottobono name "Hugo Embriacus" as leader of one of the four Genoan companies in 1196[219]m ---.  The name of Ugo's wife is not known.  Ugo & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GUGLIELMO Embriaco (-after 1223).  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Willielmus quondam Ugonis Embriacus" among the consuls of Genoa in 1209[220].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Guillermus Embriaco" among the consuls of Genoa in 1212[221].  It is assumed that this refers to Guglielmo, son of Ugo, assuming that "Nichola Embriaco" who was named as consul in the following year, was the son of Guglielmo, son of Niccolò, as explained below.  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Wilielmus quondam Ugonis Embriaci" among the consuls of Genoa in 1215[222].  The Annals of Marchisio name "Willielmum Ugonis Embriacum…Iohannem Spinulam…" among those involved in the administration of the commune of Genoa in 1223[223]

ii)         NICCOLÒ [II] Embriaco (-after Jan 1154).  The consuls of Genoa recognised having received 300 livres from "Hugues et Nicolas Embriaco", heirs of "Nicolas Embriaco", for the Genoese property which they held in Laodicea and Antioch, in Jan 1147, their leases being renewed for 29 years in Jan 1154[224].  "Ugoni Embriaco et Nicolao fratri" received confirmation of possessions in Acre by charter dated Jan 1154[225]same person as…?  NICCOLÒ Embriaco (-[1189/93]).  The Annals of Oberto Cancellario name "…Nicola Embriaco…" among the consuls of Genoa in 1170[226].  The Annals of Ottobono name "Guido Spinula consul communis…Nichola Embriacus…" among those present at the siege of Acre in [1189/90][227]m ---.  The name of Niccolò's wife is not known.  Niccolò & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GUGLIELMO Embriaco (-[1210/13]).  The Annals of Ottobono name "Willielmus filius Nichole Embriaci…" as one of the consuls of Genoa in 1193[228].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Willielmus Embriacus…Guido Spinula" among the consuls of Genoa in 1201[229].  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Willielmus quondam Nichole Embriaci" among the consuls of Genoa in 1210[230]m ---.  The name of Guglielmo´s wife is not known.  Guglielmo & his wife had [two] children:  

(1)       NICCOLÒ [III] Embriaco (-after 1220).  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Nichola Embriacus" among the consuls of Genoa in 1213[231].  It is assumed that he was the son of Guglielmo, son of Niccolò [II], and that he was appointed consul as his father was then deceased.  The Annals of Marchisio name "Nicolaum Embronum" among the consuls of Genoa in 1220[232]

(2)       [FILIPPO Embriaco .  The Annals of Ogerio Panis name "Philippus Embriacus…Wilielmus Spinulla" among the consuls of Genoa in 1216[233].] 

b)         OBERTO Embriaco (-after May 1144).  "Ugo Embriacus, filius Nicole Embriaci" swore allegiance to "consanguinei Guillelmi Embriaci" by charter dated May 1144 which names "frater eius Obertus"[234]

 

 

GUILLAUME [II] Embriaco, son of UGO [I] Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Adelasia --- (-1159 or after).  "Adalais uxor que fui Hugonis Ebraici…cum filio meo Willelmo Ebriaco" donated property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem by charter dated 1135[235].  "…Willielmo Ebriaci…" subscribed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated Dec 1139[236]Lord of Jebail.  "…Willelmo Embriaci, Willelmo Renoardo, Jocelino de Claromonte, Willelmo Porceleto, Raymundo de Fonte Erecto" were named as present under a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 1142[237].  The commune of Genoa confirmed the possession of Jebail and land "in Lezhiam" to Guillaume [II] Embriaco in 1154[238].  Guillaume Embriaco is named in 1159 as holder of property in Laodicea[239]

m SANCHA, daughter of ---.  One manuscript of the Lignages names "une Provensale…Sanche" as the wife of "Hue l'Embriac…le premier seignor de Giblet", and mother of his children "Hue, Bertram, Reymont, Guillaume et Agnes"[240].  As noted below, it is more probable from a chronological point of view that these five were children of Guillaume [II] than of Ugo [I].  The question is clarified by the charter dated 1157 under which "Guillelmus Ebriacus, dominus Gibeletti" sold property in Tripoli, with the consent of "uxoris Sansæ et filii Ugonis"[241].     

Guillaume & his wife had four children: 

1.         HUGUES [II] Embriaco (-1179 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue qui clocheit, et Bertran et Reimont et Guillaume et Agnes" as children of "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue"[242], which skips the generation of Guillaume [II] and also the generation of Hugues [II] who was father of Hugues "le Boiteux", stating that Hugues was "seignor de Gibelet".  Lord of Jebail

-        see below

2.         RAYMOND Embriaco (-after Dec 1204).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue qui clocheit, et Bertran et Reimont et Guillaume et Agnes" as children of "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue"[243], which skips the generation of Guillaume.  "Hugo dominus Biblio, Raimundus frater et Hugo filius eius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Raimundi comitis Tripolitani", by charter dated 1174[244]Lord of Biblio.  Constable of Tripoli.  "Ugo domini Biblii, Ugo filius eius, Raimundus de Biblio constabularius Tripolitani" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1181 under which Raymond Count of Tripoli donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[245].  "Raimundus de Biblio, filius Guillelmi Ebriaci, Biblii quondam domini" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Boamundi III principis Antiocheni, filii Raimundi…Sibillæ principissæ, eorumque filiorum Raimundi et Boamundi", by charter dated Feb 1186[246].  "…Raimundus de Biblio iuvenis, Bertrandus frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated 21 Aug 1198 under which Bohémond III Prince of Antioch donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[247].  "…Raimundus de Biblio, Bertrandus frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 1199 under which Bohémond Count of Tripoli granted rights to "Willelmo de Merle"[248].  "Boemundus IV princeps Antiochiæ et comes Tripolis" confirmed donations to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 26 Aug 1199, subscribed by "…Raimundus de Biblio, Guido Biblii, Bertrandus de Biblio…W de Biblio"[249].  "Boamundus IV princeps Antiochenus et comes Tripolitanus, Boamundi III olim principis filius" granted property to "Guidoni domini de Biblio" on the occasion of his marriage to "sororis suæ Aalis", by charter dated Dec 1204, subscribed by "Raimundus, Bertrandus et Villelmus de Biblio, Raimundus de Scandalione, Guido de Ham comestabularius Tripolis, Pieban dominus de Botne"[250]m ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Reymont" married but do not name his wife[251].  Raymond & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guilliaume" as the son of "Reimont" & his wife[252]m EVA, daughter of --- from Antioch.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "une dame d'Antioche…Eve" as wife of "Guilliaume", son of "Reimont" & his wife[253].  Guillaume & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEAN (-[1263]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan…mareschal dou royaume de Jerusalem" as the son of "Guilliaume", son of "Reimont", & his wife[254].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Reimont fu ayeul de Johan de Gibelet" whose wife was "Femie, la fille de Marguerite, la grant dame de Cesaire"[255].  "Johan de Gibeleth, filius quondam Guilelmi de Gibelet" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated Aug 1243, subscribed by "Hue de Gibeleth, Johan de Farabel, dominus dou Pui, Hue de Balaiz…"[256].  Marshal of the kingdom of Jerusalem 1259.  In prison 1260[257]m firstly FEMIE of Caesarea, daughter of GAUTHIER of Beirut Lord of Caesarea & his wife Marguerite Ibelin.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Femie" as other sister of "Johan" son of "Gautier…seignor de Cesaire et conestable de Chypre", specifying that she married "Johan de Gibelet" by whom she was mother of "Ysabiau…feme de Guillaume Fillangier"[258].  Another passage in the Lignages d'Outremer names "Femie, la fille de Marguerite, la grant dame de Cesaire" as wife of "Johan de Gibelet"[259].  A further passage of the Lignages clarifies that her husband was "Johan…mareschal dou royaume de Jerusalem", son of "Guilliaume" son of "Reimont"[260]m secondly JEANNE de Lanelée, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Jame de Laneele" as the second wife of "Johan…mareschal dou royaume de Jerusalem"[261].  Jean & his first wife had one child: 

(a)       ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau…feme de Guillaume Fillangier" as daughter of "Johan de Gibelet" and his wife "Femie"[262].  A further passage of the Lignages names "Ysabeau, qui espousa Guillaume Filangier" as the daughter of "Johan…mareschal dou royaume de Jerusalem", immediately followed by a sentence which reads "Et ot I fis, Ytier, qui fut ocis a Triple"[263].  It is not entirely clear from the context whether Ithier was the son of Isabelle and Guillaume, or the son of Jean Giblet.  m GUILLAUME Felangier [Filangieri], son of ---. 

Jean & his second wife had three children: 

(b)       BALIAN .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Balian et Johan et Femie" as the three children of "Johan…mareschal dou royaume de Jerusalem" and his second wife[264]

(c)       JEAN .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Balian et Johan et Femie" as the three children of "Johan…mareschal dou royaume de Jerusalem" and his second wife[265]

(d)       EUPHEMIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer names (in order) "Balian et Johan et Femie" as the three children of "Johan…mareschal dou royaume de Jerusalem" and his second wife, stating that Femie married "Gui de Saissons"[266]m GUY de Soissons, son of ---. 

3.         BERTRAND Embriaco (-1217 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue qui clocheit, et Bertran et Reimont et Guillaume et Agnes" as children of "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue"[267], which skips the generation of Guillaume.  Lord of Jebail 1193. 

-        see below

4.         GUILLAUME (-[after Dec 1204]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue qui clocheit, et Bertran et Reimont et Guillaume et Agnes" as children of "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue"[268], which skips the generation of Guillaume.  1165/1200.  "Boamundus IV princeps Antiochenus et comes Tripolitanus, Boamundi III olim principis filius" granted property to "Guidoni domini de Biblio" on the occasion of his marriage to "sororis suæ Aalis", by charter dated Dec 1204, subscribed by "Raimundus, Bertrandus et Villelmus de Biblio, Raimundus de Scandalione, Guido de Ham comestabularius Tripolis, Pieban dominus de Botne"[269]m FADIE, daughter of MANASSES d'Hierges & his [second wife Alix de Chiny].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Fadie et Hodierne" as the children of "le conestable Menassier [et] de sa feme espouse", stating that Fadie married "Reymont, le fis de Hue de Giblet"[270].  Another manuscript of the Lignages d'Outremer clarifies the name of her husband when it names "Fadie, la fille dou conestable Menassier" as the wife of "Guilliaume, l'autre fis de Hue l'Embriac, seignor de Giblet"[271].  The first passage does not name the mother of the two daughters Fadie and Hodierne.  However, it confuses the order of Manassès's marriages, recording that he married Helvis of Rama (who was most likely his first wife, as shown above) after the death of his first wife, the mother of Fadie and Hodierne, implying clearly that their mother was Manassès's other wife.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[272], Fadie was the daughter of Manassès by his first marriage.  The chronology of the family of the Lords of Jebail suggests that Guillaume's wife was born after Helvis of Rama would have ceased to be of child-bearing age.  The implication is that Fadie and Hodierne must have been the daughters of a subsequent marriage.  No record has been found of Manassès having another wife besides Alix de Chiny, who presumably therefore must have been the mother of these two daughters, although the issue is not without doubt.  Guillaume & his wife had one child:

a)         HUGUES de Giblet (-1220 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue…seignor de Besmedin" as the son of "Guilliaume, l'autre fis de Hue l'Embriac, seignor de Giblet" & his wife[273].  His parentage is confirmed by another manuscript of the Lignages which, in one passage, name "Guillaume" son of "…Hugues" as "ayeull de cestui Reymont Bessemedin"[274], and in another passage name "Reymont Beissemedin" among the children of "Hue de Gibellet" & his wife.  Lord of Besmedin.   

-        LORDS of BESMEDIN

5.         AGNES Embriaco .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue qui clocheit, et Bertran et Reimont et Guillaume et Agnes" as children of "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue", stating that Agnes married "Gremont de Bessan"[275], which skips the generation of Guillaume.  m as his second wife, GREMONT [II] Lord of Bethsan, son of ADAM Lord of Bethsan & his wife Helvis de Milly (-1220 or after). 

 
 

BERTRAND Embriaco, son of GUILLAUME Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Sancha --- (-1217 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue qui clocheit, et Bertran et Reimont et Guillaume et Agnes" as children of "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue"[276], which skips the generation of Guillaume.  Lord of Jebail 1193.  "…Raimundus de Biblio iuvenis, Bertrandus frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated 21 Aug 1198 under which Bohémond III Prince of Antioch donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[277].  "…Raimundus de Biblio, Bertrandus frater eius…" subscribed the charter dated 6 May 1199 under which Bohémond Count of Tripoli granted rights to "Willelmo de Merle"[278].  "Boamundus IV princeps Antiochenus et comes Tripolitanus, Boamundi III olim principis filius" granted property to "Guidoni domini de Biblio" on the occasion of his marriage to "sororis suæ Aalis", by charter dated Dec 1204, subscribed by "Raimundus, Bertrandus et Villelmus de Biblio, Raimundus de Scandalione, Guido de Ham comestabularius Tripolis, Pieban dominus de Botne"[279].  "Guido dominus de Giblet" named "Mariam filiam" as his heir should he die without sons, naming "Bertrandum de Byblo", by charter dated 1 Oct 1214[280]

m (1186) DOLETA, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Dolet…niesse dou roy Livon d'Ermenie" as the wife of "Bertram, l'autre fis Hue l'Embriac qui fu seignor de Giblet"[281].  From a chronological point of view, it is not possible for Doleta to have been the daughter of Rupen III Lord of the Mountains, King Lewon's only known brother, assuming that the date of his marriage is correctly stated above.  Assuming that the relationship between King Lewon and Doleta is correctly stated in the Lignages, she must therefore have been the daughter of an otherwise unknown sister.  It is unlikely that Doleta was the sister of King Lewon as she would presumably have been in her thirties at the time of her marriage if this was correct, which seems improbable. 

Bertrand & his wife had one child: 

1.         HUGUES (-1264 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Hue" as son of "Bertran"[282].  Bailli of Cyprus 1229/1264.  "Hue de Gibellet filius Bertrandi de Gibellet" granted property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 14 Apr 1259[283]m as her second husband, MARIE Porcelet, widow of LINARD de Baphe, daughter of BERTRAND Porcelet & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Guillaume Porcelet" & his wife had four children "Renaut et Bertran et hue et Marie", of whom "Marie fu feme de Linart de Baphe" after whose death she married "Hue de Gibellet, et ot I fiz Bertran pere de cestui Bertheleme"[284].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie Porcelete" as wife of "Hue" son of "Bertran"[285].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names her "Marie, la fille Guilliaume Porcelet, qui fu feme de Liurart de Baphe"[286].  1248.  Hugues & his wife had one child: 

a)         BERTRAND [II] (-murdered 1258).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Bertram" as the son of Hugues, son of "Bertram, l'autre fis Hue l'Embriac qui fu seignor de Giblet"[287].  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "…liberi Bertran de Gibeleth…", by charter dated Oct 1252[288]m BEATRIX de Saint-Siméon-Soudin, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Biatris la fille dou seignor dou Soudin" as the wife of Bertrand, son of Hugues[289].  Bertrand [II] & his wife had four children: 

i)          BARTHELEMY Embriaco (-killed Tripoli 26 Apr 1289).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bertheleme, Guilliaume, Lucie et Marguerite" as the four children of Bertrand, son of Hugues, & his wife[290].  "Bartholomæus de Biblio filius quondam Bertrandi de Biblio" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 16 Oct 1286[291].  In early 1288, the nobles of Tripoli suspected him of plotting to take control of the city, prompting them to accept Lucia, sister of Count Bohémond VII, as Countess[292].  Sultan Qalawun, taking advantage of the general confusion over the succession, besieged Tripoli in Feb 1289 and captured the city 26 Apr 1289 when Bartolomeo was killed[293]m HELVIS, daughter of PIERRE de Scandelion & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Helvis, la fille Piere de Scandelion" as the wife of Barthelemy Embriaco[294].  Barthelemy & his wife had three children: 

(a)       BERTRAND [III] .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Bertram, Hue et Agnes" as the children of Barthelemy Embriaco & his wife[295]m --- of Jebail, legitimated daughter of GUY [II] Ibelin [Jebail] & his mistress ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  

(b)       HUGUES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Bertram, Hue et Agnes" as the children of Barthelemy Embriaco & his wife[296]m CATHERINE de la Roche, daughter of GREGORIOS de la Roche [297](maybe Seravantikar) & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Kateline, la fille Grigoire de la Roche" as the wife of Hugues, son of Barthelemy Embriaco[298]

(c)       AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Bertram, Hue et Agnes" as the children of Barthelemy Embriaco & his wife, stating that Agnes married "Guavain, le fis de Grigoire [de la Roche]"[299].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly GAUVAIN de la Roche, son of GREGORIOS de la Roche [300](maybe Seravantikar) & his wife ---.  m secondly PIERRE Ibelin Lord of Jebail, son of GUY Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Marguerite of Sidon (-1310 or after). 

ii)         GUILLAUME (-murdered Nephin Jan 1282).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bertheleme, Guilliaume, Lucie et Marguerite" as the four children of Bertrand, son of Hugues, & his wife[301].  He was captured in Tripoli with his cousins by Bohémond Count of Tripoli, who buried them up to their necks in a ditch and left them to starve to death[302]

iii)        LUCIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bertheleme, Guilliaume, Lucie et Marguerite" as the four children of Bertrand, son of Hugues, & his wife, stating that Lucie married "Johan le seignor dou Boutron"[303]m ([1268]) JEAN Lord of Boutron, son of GUILLAUME Lord of Boutron [Antioch] & his wife Agnes Garnier of Sidon.  1258/1277. 

iv)       MARGUERITE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Bertheleme, Guilliaume, Lucie et Marguerite" as the four children of Bertrand, son of Hugues, & his wife, stating that Marguerite married "Bauduin de Ybelin"[304].  Another passage of the Lignages names "Marguerite, la fille Bertram de Giblet" as the wife of Baudouin Ibelin[305]m BAUDOUIN Ibelin Lord of Korakou and Vitzada, son of JEAN Ibelin & his wife Isabelle Rivet (-Limassol 10 Aug 1313, bur Nicosia Franciscan church). 

 

 

HUGUES [II] Embriaco, son of GUILLAUME Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Sancha --- (-1179 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Hue qui clocheit, et Bertran et Reimont et Guillaume et Agnes" as children of "le premier seignor de Gibelet…Hugue"[306], which skips the generation of Guillaume [II] and also the generation of Hugues [II] who was father of Hugues "le Boiteux", stating that Hugues was "seignor de Gibelet".  Lord of Jebail.  Hugues [II] granted complete commercial freedom to the Genoese in Jebail in Mar 1168[307].  "Hugo dominus Biblio, Raimundus frater et Hugo filius eius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Raimundi comitis Tripolitani", by charter dated 1174, subscribed by "Guillelmus de Marreclea"[308]

m ---.  The name of Hugues's wife is not known. 

Hugues & his wife had one child:

1.         HUGUES [III] "le Boiteux" Embriaco (-1186 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer conflates Hugues [II] with Hugues [III], for example in the passage which records that "Hue clochait" was the son of Hugues [I] (apparently another error, see above) and that his wife was "Estefenie, la fille Henri le Bufle"[309].  "Hugo dominus Biblio, Raimundus frater et Hugo filius eius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Raimundi comitis Tripolitani", by charter dated 1174[310]Lord of Jebail 1174/86.  m (before Dec 1179) as her second husband, STEPHANIE de Milly, widow of GUILLAUME Dorel Lord of Botrun, daughter of HENRI "Bubalus" de Milly & his wife Agnes Garnier of Sidon (-after 1197).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the second daughter of "Henri le Bufle" & his wife was wife firstly "dou seignor dou Boutron", who died without heirs, and secondly of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit", and state in a later passage that she inherited "Mergelcolon et Gedin et les autres casaus que thomassin de Cesaire tient ores" on the death of her father and gave these properties to her daughter Pavie[311]William of Tyre names "Guillaume Dorel Sire de Botron le quel avoit eu a espose Stephanie…fille de Henri le Bufle que Hue de Gybelet esposa puis la mort de Guillaume Dorel"[312]The Lignages d'Outremer confirm her parentage when they name "Plaissence…fille de Hue de Gibelet et de Estefenie segonde fille de Henri de Bufle" as the wife of "le prince Borgne"[313].  Her marriage date is set by the charter dated Dec 1179 under which Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed a sale by "Hugo iuvenis, filius Hugonis domini Bibliensis", with the consent of "uxoris Stephaniæ"[314].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records "une…dame avoist esté de Gibelet" at Tripoli and that her town was returned to her after the death of Saladin [in 1197][315].  Hugues & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         GUY Embriaco (-after Sep 1238).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gui et Hue et Plaissence et Pavie" as the four children of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit" & his wife[316].  He succeeded his father as Lord of Jebail

-        see below

b)         HUGUES (-1205).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gui et Hue et Plaissence et Pavie" as the four children of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit" & his wife, specifying that Hugues died without heirs[317].  William of Tyre (Contination) names him brother of Guy Lord of Jebail when recording his death in 1210[318]

c)         PLAISANCE Embriaco of Jebail (-1217).  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "el principe de Antiochia Beimonte" was married to "la sorella del signor de Giblet"[319].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Plaissence…fille de Hue de Gibelet et de Estefenie segonde fille de Henri de Bufle" as the wife of "le prince Borgne"[320].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that the second daughter of "Henri le Bufle" & his wife was wife firstly "dou seignor dou Boutron", who died without heirs, and secondly of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit", and state in a later passage that she inherited "Mergelcolon et Gedin et les autres casaus que thomassin de Cesaire tient ores" on the death of her father and gave these properties to her daughter Pavie[321]m (before 21 Aug 1198) as his first wife, BOHEMOND of Antioch, son of BOHEMOND III Prince of Antioch & his first wife Orgueilleuse [de Harenc] (-Mar 1233).  He succeeded his father in 1201 as BOHEMOND IV Prince of Antioch

d)         PAVIE Embriaco .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gui et Hue et Plaissence et Pavie" as the four children of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit" & his wife, specifying that Pavie was wife of "Garnier l'Aleman" and had two sons and one daughter "Johan et Hue et Helvys"[322], recording in a later passage that her mother gave to her daughter Pavie "Mergelcolon et Gedin et les autres casaus que thomassin de Cesaire tient ores" which she had inherited from her father[323]m GARNIER Alaman, son of ---. 

e)         [daughter (-after Aug 1193).  Abu Shama´s Le Livre des Deux Jardins records that, after the capture of Jerusalem, "quatre jeunes esclaves filles des rois de Roum, dont l´une était la fille de Barizan, l´autre la fille du seigneur de Djebeleh" were given as presents to the Caliph of Baghdad 31 Aug 1193 by El Afdahl[324].  The identity of the "seigneur de Djebeleh" is not known.  Hugues [III] had died in 1186, and it appears that his son Guy was too young to have had a daughter in 1193.] 

 

 

GUY Embriaco, son of HUGUES [III] "le Boiteux" Embriaco Lord of Jebail & his wife Stephanie de Milly (-after Sep 1238).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Gui et Hue et Plaissence et Pavie" as the four children of "le seignor de Gibelet, Hue qui clocheit" & his wife[325].  William of Tyre names "Gui de Gybelet" as son of "Hue de Gybelet" & his wife[326].  He succeeded his father as Lord of Jebail.  Jebail was recaptured by the Muslims in 1187 but returned to Guy in 1197[327].  "Guido dominus Bibliensis" donated property to "domui Firmitatis et fratribus ibi servientibus domum St Sergii", for the salvation of "liberorum suorum Henrici, Raimundi et Bertrandi", by charter dated Sep 1238[328]

m (Dec 1204) ALIX of Antioch, daughter of BOHEMOND III "le Bègue" Prince of Antioch & his third wife Sibylle ---.  The Chronicle of Amadi records that "el signor de Giblet" was married to "la sorella del principe de Antiochia [Beimonte]"[329].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Alix" as daughter of "Beymont le grant prince" and his wife Sibylle, stating that she was wife "dou seignor de Gibelet"[330], another manuscript of the Lignages naming him "Gui le seignor de Giblet"[331].  "Boamundus IV princeps Antiochenus et comes Tripolitanus, Boamundi III olim principis filius" granted property to "Guidoni domini de Biblio" on the occasion of his marriage to "sororis suæ Aalis", by charter dated Dec 1204, subscribed by "Raimundus, Bertrandus et Villelmus de Biblio, Raimundus de Scandalione, Guido de Ham comestabularius Tripolis, Pieban dominus de Botne"[332]

Guy & his wife had five children: 

1.         MARIE (-after 1 Oct 1214).  "Guido dominus de Giblet" named "Mariam filiam" as his heir should he die without sons, naming "Bertrandum de Byblo", by charter dated 1 Oct 1214[333]

2.         HENRI Embriaco (after 1 Oct 1214-before 2 Jun 1271).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Henrico, Beimundo, Betrin e Agnese" as the four children of "Guido signor de Giblet" and his wife "Alisia, l'altra figliola del principe [Beimondo…le Begue]"[334].  "Guido dominus Bibliensis" donated property to "domui Firmitatis et fratribus ibi servientibus domum St Sergii", for the salvation of "liberorum suorum Henrici, Raimundi et Bertrandi", by charter dated Sep 1238[335].  He succeeded his father as Lord of Jebail.  He possessed the "Poindor", a hundred oar galley.  He made a loan of 50,000 besants to Leopold Duke of Austria[336].  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "Henri dominus de Gibeleth…", by charter dated Oct 1252[337].  [m firstly ---.  No evidence has been found of this supposed first marriage.  However, Henri must have been around 40 years old at the time of his marriage to Isabelle Ibelin, which suggests an earlier marriage which is unrecorded in primary sources.]  m [secondly] ([1250]) ISABELLE Ibelin, daughter of BALIAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his wife Echive de Montbéliard ([1230/35]-).  The Lignages d'Outremer names "Jehan, Hue, Balian et Ysabeau qui espousa Henri le seignor de Giblet" as the children of "Balian…sire de Baruth" & his wife[338].  Henri & his [second] wife had five children: 

a)         BALIAN (-26 Aug 1313, bur Nicosia Cathedral).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balon, Gui, Johan, Bauduin et Maire" as the children of "Henri…seignor de Giblet" & his wife, stating that "Balian et Bauduin morurent"[339].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 26 Aug, in 1313 from the context, of "messer Balian de Iblim signor de Gibelet" and his burial "a la madre chiesia de Nicossia"[340]

b)         GUY [II] (-murdered Nephin Jan 1282).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balon, Gui, Johan, Bauduin et Maire" as the children of "Henri…seignor de Giblet" & his wife[341].  He succeeded his father as Lord of Jebail.  He adopted the name and arms of Ibelin[342].  In 1277, he kidnapped the heiress of the Aleman family to marry her to his brother, triggering a quarrel with Bohémond VII Count of Tripoli who had intended her to marry the nephew of Bartholomew Bishop of Tortosa, and afterwards fled to the Templars.  He defeated Count Bohémond, who had set out to attack Jebail, north of Botrun[343].  Guy defeated Count Bohémond once more in 1278, but the latter took his revenge in Jan 1282 when he captured Guy and his brothers in Tripoli and buried them up to their necks in a ditch and left them to starve to death[344]m MARGUERITE of Sidon, daughter of JULIEN Garnier Lord of Sidon & his wife Euphemie of Armenia.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Balian, Johan et Marguerite" as the three children of "Julien…sire de Saiete" and his wife "Femie, la fille au roi Heiton d'Ermenie", stating that Marguerite married "Gui le seignor de Giblet"[345].  The retrospective dispensation issued by Pope Nicholas IV for the marriage of "Guido de Ibelino, dominus Gibeleti, quondam" and "Margarita quondam" is dated 23 May 1289[346].  Guy & his wife had four children (who were legitimated per dispensationem post matrimonium contractum 23 May 1289, on the basis that their parents' marriage had been contracted without the necessary Papal dispensation, being related in the 4o degree[347]):

i)          MARIE (before 1 Oct 1274-Nicosia 4 Sep 1331).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Piere, Sauve, Marie et Kateline" as the four children of "Gui…sire de Giblet" & his wife, stating that Marie married "Phelipppe de Ybelin, seneschau dou Chipre"[348].  Another passage of the Lignages names "Marie, la fille Gui le seignor de Giblet" as the second wife of "Phelippe, l'autre fis de Gui de Ybelin conestable de Chipre"[349].  Her birth before her brothers is confirmed by the testament of her father dated 1 Oct 1274 which names her as his heiress[350].  Pope Nicholas IV instructed "Bybliensi et Sidoniensi episcopis" to legitimate "Petrum, Silvestrum, Catherinam et Mariam…filios quondam Guidonis de Ybelino domini Gibeleti et quondam Margarethæ uxoris eius", who had married without dispensation despite 4o consanguinity, by charter dated 17 Apr 1289[351]Her parentage is confirmed by the Chronicle of Amadi which names "madama Sur Fimia, sua ameda…monacha de la Nostra Donna mazore de Hierusalem, che si dice in Cypro Nostra Dame de Sur…signora de Saeto" and "suo nepote messer Alinac, che ottenne dal suo fratello messer Choyssin re de Armenia", specifying that she was "sorella del re Livon et ava della moglie del…messer Philippo de Iblim el sinescalco, la qual era figlia de la sua figlia"[352]The dispensation issued by Pope Boniface VIII for the marriage of "Philippe Ibelin avunculus regis" and "Marie de Gibelet filia quondam domini Byblii" is dated 1 Sep 1295[353].  The Chronicle of Amadi records the death 4 Sep, in 1331 from the context, of "madona Maria de Iblim, relicta del quondam messer Philippo de Iblim sinescalco de Cypro" and her burial "al loro capitulo a Nicosia"[354]m (Papal dispensation 1 Sep 1295) as his second wife, PHILIPPE Ibelin, son of GUY Ibelin, Constable of Cyprus & his wife Philippa Barlais ([1250/55]-25 Nov 1318, bur Nicosia, Franciscan Church).  He was appointed Seneschal of Cyprus in 1302. 

ii)         CATHERINE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Piere, Sauve, Marie et Kateline" as the four children of "Gui…sire de Giblet" & his wife, stating that "Kateline" married "Johan d'Antioche"[355].  Pope Nicholas IV instructed "Bybliensi et Sidoniensi episcopis" to legitimate "Petrum, Silvestrum, Catherinam et Mariam…filios quondam Guidonis de Ybelino domini Gibeleti et quondam Margarethæ uxoris eius", who had married without dispensation despite 4o consanguinity, by charter dated 17 Apr 1289[356]m (1299) JEAN de Antioch , son of ---. 

iii)        PIERRE (-1310 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Piere, Sauve, Marie et Kateline" as the four children of "Gui…sire de Giblet" & his wife, stating that Pierre "morut"[357].  He succeeded his father in 1282 as titular Lord of Jebail, but the town was occupied by Bohémond VII Count of Tripoli and captured by the Egyptians in 1289[358].  Pope Nicholas IV instructed "Bybliensi et Sidoniensi episcopis" to legitimate "Petrum, Silvestrum, Catherinam et Mariam…filios quondam Guidonis de Ybelino domini Gibeleti et quondam Margarethæ uxoris eius", who had married without dispensation despite 4o consanguinity, by charter dated 17 Apr 1289[359].  His possession of Jebail was confirmed by the Sultan in 1289, but he lost the territory in [1300] and left Palestine for Cyprus[360].  Bailli of Cyprus 1308/1310.  [361]m [firstly] as her second husband, DOUCE de Gaurelée, widow of JEAN de Piquigny, daughter of ---.  [362]m [secondly] AGNES Embriaco, widow of GAUVAIN de la Roche, daughter of BARTHELEMY Embriaco & his wife ---. 

iv)       SAUVE [Silvestre].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Piere, Sauve, Marie et Kateline" as the four children of "Gui…sire de Giblet" & his wife[363].  Pope Nicholas IV instructed "Bybliensi et Sidoniensi episcopis" to legitimate "Petrum, Silvestrum, Catherinam et Mariam…filios quondam Guidonis de Ybelino domini Gibeleti et quondam Margarethæ uxoris eius", who had married without dispensation despite 4o consanguinity, by charter dated 17 Apr 1289[364]

Guy had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

v)         daughter The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Legitimated 1290[365]m BERTRAND [III] Embriaco of Jebail, son of BARTHELEMY Embriaco & his wife ---. 

c)         JEAN (-murdered Nephin Jan 1282).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balon, Gui, Johan, Bauduin et Maire" as the children of "Henri…seignor de Giblet" & his wife[366].  He was captured in Tripoli with his brothers by Bohémond Count of Tripoli, who buried them up to their necks in a ditch and left them to starve to death[367]m (1277, divorced) --- Aleman, daughter of HUGUES Alaman & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that Jean, son of "Henri…seignor de Giblet" & his wife, married "la fille de Hugue Salaman" and had two sons "qui morurent"[368]

i)          two sons (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that Jean, son of "Henri…seignor de Giblet" & his wife, married "la fille de Hugue Salaman" and had two sons "qui morurent"[369]

d)         BAUDOUIN (-murdered Nephin Jan 1282).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balon, Gui, Johan, Bauduin et Maire" as the children of "Henri…seignor de Giblet" & his wife, stating that "Balian et Bauduin morurent"[370].  He was captured in Tripoli with his brothers by Bohémond Count of Tripoli, who buried them up to their necks in a ditch and left them to starve to death[371]

e)         MARIE (-before 22 Jan 1290).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Balon, Gui, Johan, Bauduin et Maire" as the children of "Henri…seignor de Giblet" & his wife[372].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names "Marie, la fille au seignor de Giblet" as the wife of "Balian" son of "Julien…sire de Saiete"[373]m BALIAN [II] Garnier Lord of Sidon, son of JULIEN Garnier Lord of Sidon & his wife Euphemie of Armenia (-killed in battle [1276]). 

3.         RAYMOND de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Henrico, Beimundo, Betrin e Agnese" as the four children of "Guido signor de Giblet" and his wife "Alisia, l'altra figliola del principe [Beimondo…le Begue]"[374].  "Guido dominus Bibliensis" donated property to "domui Firmitatis et fratribus ibi servientibus domum St Sergii", for the salvation of "liberorum suorum Henrici, Raimundi et Bertrandi", by charter dated Sep 1238[375].  Another manuscript of the Lignages specifies that Raymond was "chamberlain d'Antioche"[376]

4.         BERTRAND de Giblet (-after 1 Oct 1274).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Henrico, Beimundo, Betrin e Agnese" as the four children of "Guido signor de Giblet" and his wife "Alisia, l'altra figliola del principe [Beimondo…le Begue]"[377].  "Guido dominus Bibliensis" donated property to "domui Firmitatis et fratribus ibi servientibus domum St Sergii", for the salvation of "liberorum suorum Henrici, Raimundi et Bertrandi", by charter dated Sep 1238[378].  Another manuscript of the Lignages specifies that Bertrand "morut sans heirs"[379]

5.         AGNES de Giblet .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Henrico, Beimundo, Betrin e Agnese" as the four children of "Guido signor de Giblet" and his wife "Alisia, l'altra figliola del principe [Beimondo…le Begue]"[380].  Another passage of the Lignages records that Agnes married "Berteleme dou Saquin, le senior dou Soudin"[381]m BARTHELEMY de Saint-Siméon Lord of Soudin, son of ---. 

 

 

 

D.      LORDS of MARACLEA

 

 

Maraclea lay in the extreme north of the county of Tripoli, near Tortosa and close to the border with the principality of Antioch.  The Historia Jerosolimitana of Baldric records that "Admiralius" ruled the town of Maraclea and made an agreement with the Christians during the First Crusade, dated to 1099 from the context[382]

 

 

GUILLAUME of Maraclea, son of GUILLAUME RENOUARD of Nephim & his wife --- ([1125/35]-after Aug 1179).  His birth date is estimated on the assumption that he was younger than his brother Saxus, and not old enough to have subscribed the charters dated 1143 with his brothers.  Lord of Maraclea.  "Guillelmus de Maraclea cum Beatrice uxore" sold property "castellum Eixsere", with the consent of "Guillelmi Rainuardi patris, fratrum Rainuardi et Raymundi", to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated Jan 1163[383].  "Raynouardus dominus Nephini cum fratribus Guillelmo de Maraclea et Raymundo" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of Raymond III Count of Tripoli, by charter dated 18 Nov 1176[384].  "Guillelmus de Maraclea" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Beatrix uxoris et Melioreti filii", by charter dated Aug 1179[385]

m BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-after Aug 1179).  "Guillelmus de Maraclea cum Beatrice uxore" sold property "castellum Eixsere", with the consent of "Guillelmi Rainuardi patris, fratrum Rainuardi et Raymundi", by charter dated Jan 1163[386].  "Guillelmus de Maraclea" subscribed the charter dated 1174 under which "Hugo dominus Biblio, Raimundus frater et Hugo filius eius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Raimundi comitis Tripolitani"[387].  "Guillelmus de Maraclea" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Beatrix uxoris et Melioreti filii", by charter dated Aug 1179[388]

Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

1.         MELLIOR ([1150/55]-killed in battle Hattin 1187).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Meillour, Hugue et Guilliaume" as the sons of "Renoart…premier seignor de Mareclee", specifying that Mellior was "sire de Mareclee"[389].  "Guillelmus de Maraclea" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Beatrix uxoris et Melioreti filii", by charter dated Aug 1179[390], which indicates that "Guillaume of Maraclea" and "Renouard of Maraclea" must have been the same person.  Lord of Maracleam MARIE de Torhot, daughter of AMAURY de Torhot [Marqab] & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "la fille de Amauri de Torhot" as the wife of "Meillour…sire de Mareclee"[391].  Another passage in the same manuscript of the Lignages d'Outremer names "Marie" as the oldest of the four daughters of "Amauri le fis de Guilliaume de Torhot, le seignor dou Margat", specifying that she married "Meillour, le seignor de Mareclee"[392].  Mellior & his wife had two children: 

a)         RENOUARD .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Renoart et Agnes" as the children of "Meillour…sire de Mareclee", specifying that Renouard was disinherited[393].  It is possible that the Lignages is confusing him with Renouard [II] Lord of Nephim, his second cousin (see below LORDS of NEPHIM), who was disinherited by Bohémond [IV] Prince of Antioch after marrying an heiress without the prince's consent.  No other record has been found either of Renouard of Maraclea or of a lord of Maraclea being disinherited.  m [--- of Margat, daughter of RENAUD Lord of Margat & his wife ---].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "la fille de Renau dou Margat" as the wife of "Reynouart, fis dou Meillour, sire de Mareclee qui fu deserité"[394].  However, this appears unlikely to be correct.  "Renaud Lord of Margat" must have been Renaud [III] (see LORDS of MARGAT, in the document ANTIOCH), assuming it is correct that Renaud [IV] Lord of Margat died without heirs.  However, the children of Renaud [III] must have been in [1155/65], for consistency with the chronology of the other members of his family.  This would mean that Renouard of Maraclea would have been much younger than his wife, if her Margat origin is correct as stated in the Lignages.  The situation is further confused by the supposed origin of Renouard's mother, who was also related to the Margat family as shown above (again, assuming that the report in the Lignages is correct).  Raynouard & his wife had one child: 

i)          ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabiau" as the child of "Reynouart, fis dou Meillour, sire de Mareclee qui fu deserité" & his wife, specifying that she married "Johan Angelier et orent I fis, Hue Angelier, qui fu ocis a la porte dou Triple"[395]m JEAN Angelier, son of ---. 

b)         AGNES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Renoart et Agnes" as the children of "Meillour…sire de Mareclee", specifying that Agnes married "Pierre de Ravendel" and inherited Maraclea after her brother was disinherited[396]m PIERRE de Ravendel, son of ---. 

2.         HUGUES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Meillour, Hugue et Guilliaume" as the sons of "Renoart…premier seignor de Mareclee"[397]m --- de Giblet, sister of ANGELIER de Giblet, daughter of ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "la seur de Angelier de Giblet" as the wife of "Hugue le segont fils de Renoart de Mareclee"[398].  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGUES (-after Oct 1252).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Huge et Reymont" as the children of "Hugue le segont fils de Renoart de Mareclee" & his wife, specifying that Hugues was "sire de Dasbais"[399].  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "…Raimont de Mareclee…Hue de Maraclee", by charter dated Oct 1252[400]m ---.  The name of Hugues's wife is not known.  Hugues & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEAN .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan et Ysabeau" as the children of "Hugue le segont fils de Renoart de Marecleesire de Dasbais"[401]

ii)         ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan et Ysabeau" as the children of "Hugue le segont fils de Renoart de Marecleesire de Dasbais", specifying that "Ysabeau…fu feme et Guilliaume de Beauvais"[402]m GUILLAUME de Beauvais, son of ---. 

b)         RAYMOND (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Huge et Reymont" as the children of "Hugue le segont fils de Renoart de Mareclee" & his wife, specifying that "Reymont morut"[403]

3.         GUILLAUME .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Meillour, Hugue et Guilliaume" as the sons of "Renoart…premier seignor de Mareclee"[404]m ISABEAU, daughter of [MAURICE le Pisan & his wife ---].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabeau la fille de Marrice le Pisan" as the wife of "Guilliaume l'autre fis de Renoart de Mareclee"[405].  Guillaume & his wife had three children: 

a)         RAYMOND (-after Oct 1252).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Raymont, Hue et Ysabeau" as the children of "Guilliaume l'autre fis de Renoart de Mareclee" & his wife[406].  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "…Raimont de Mareclee…Hue de Maraclee", by charter dated Oct 1252[407]m CLARENCE, daughter of GUILLAUME Angelier & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Clarence, la fille de Guilliaume Angelier" as the wife of Raymond, son of "Guilliaume l'autre fis de Renoart de Mareclee"[408].  Raymond & his wife had two children: 

i)          BALIAN (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Balian et Nicole" as the children of Raymond & his wife, specifying that "Balian morut"[409]

ii)         NICOLAS .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Balian et Nicole" as the children of Raymond & his wife[410]m ---, daughter of HENRI Plibano & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "la fille de Henri Plivain" as the wife of Nicolas, son of Raymond[411]

b)         HUGUES .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Raymont, Hue et Ysabeau" as the children of "Guilliaume l'autre fis de Renoart de Mareclee" & his wife[412]

c)         ISABELLE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Raymont, Hue et Ysabeau" as the children of "Guilliaume l'autre fis de Renoart de Mareclee" & his wife, specifying that Isabelle married "Bauduin de Pinquegni" and had children "Guilliaume, Marguerite, Marie, Helvis et Beatris qui fu abaiesce de Nostre Dame de Sur…Marguerite espousa Thomas de Maugasteau et orent I fis et une fille, Gile et Lienor qui feme de Philippe de Scandelion", listing many of their other descendants[413]m BAUDOUIN de Pinquegny [Picquigny?], son of ---. 

 

 

MELLIOR de Ravendel, son of PIERRE de Ravendel & his wife Agnes de Maraclea (-1262 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Meillour" as the son of "Pierre de Ravendel" and his wife "Agnes"[414]Lord of Maraclea.  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "…Mellior dominus de Maraclea…", by charter dated Oct 1252[415].  1255/62. 

m ISABELLE de Boutron, daughter of BOHEMOND of Antioch Lord of Boutron & his wife --- de Boutron.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan, Guilliaume, Jaque et Ysabeau" as the four children of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne" & his wife, stating that Isabelle married "Meillor le sire de Mareclee"[416].  Another passage in the same manuscript of the Lignages names "Ysabeau la fille Reymont sire de Boutron" as the wife of "Meillour"[417]

Mellior & his wife had four children: 

1.         JEAN (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Johan, Piere, Gautier et Marie" as the children of "Meillour" and his wife, specifying that "Johan et Piere morurent"[418]

2.         PIERRE (-young).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Johan, Piere, Gautier et Marie" as the children of "Meillour" and his wife, specifying that "Johan et Piere morurent"[419]

3.         GAUTHIER .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Johan, Piere, Gautier et Marie" as the children of "Meillour" and his wife[420]m MATHILDE, daughter of PASCAL de la Cave & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Mehaut, la fille de Pascal de la Cave" as the wife of "Gautier" son of Mellior[421].  Gauthier & his wife had one child: 

a)         MELLIOR .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Meillour" as the son of "Gautier", son of Mellior, and his wife[422]

4.         MARIE .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Johan, Piere, Gautier et Marie" as the children of "Meillour" and his wife, specifying that Marie was a nun[423]

 

 

 

E.      LORDS of NEPHIM

 

 

The lordship of Nephim was located about 16 kilometres south of Tripoli.  Renouard [I] was established as lord of Nephim some time before 15 Jun 1163, the date of the charter in which he is first named "Reinoar de Nefinis" (see below).  The lordship was confiscated from Renouard [II] Lord of Nephim in [1208], after he was defeated by his suzerain Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli in a war triggered by Renouard's marriage with an heiress without Prince Bohémond's consent.  Rudt-Collenberg proposes that the lords of Nephim were descended from the Mezenas family in Languedoc, in which the unusual name "Renouard" was used frequently[424]

 

 

1.         PONS RENOUARD (-after Dec 1139).  A charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated Dec 1139 names "…Pontio Renuardi coram Giraudo" among the signatories for the convent of Saint-Sauveur of Mont Thabor[425]

 

2.         PIERRE RENOUARD .  Seigneur de Mezenas.  m BREMONDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Pierre Renouard & his wife had one child: 

a)         GUILLAUME RENOUARD de Mezenas (-after 22 Apr 1122).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   A bull of Pope Calixtus II dated 21 Jun 1121 threatened excommunication against "Ildefonsus comes…Raimundi de Balcio, Elesiari de Castries, Guilelmi Rainoardi de Merenas" for having attacked the monastery of Saint-Gilles, a subsequent bull dated 22 Apr 1122 noting that Comte Alphonse had been excommunicated for the same offence[426], Raymond de Baux and Guillaume Renouard de Mezenas being brothers-in-law assuming that the marriage shown here is correct.  m (Avignon 24 Feb 1114) PONCIA de Baux, daughter of [GUILLAUME HUGUES de Baux & his wife ---] ([1085/1095]-).  A charter dated 24 Feb 1114 records the marriage at Avignon of "Wilhelmus Rainoardi, Petri filius" married "Pontiam filiam Hugonis de Baucio", signed by "Wilhelmi Rainoardi, Petri Rainoardi patris, Bremundæ matris, R. de Baucio…"[427].  It is possible that Poncia was the daughter either of Guillaume-Hugues de Baux or of the latter's son Hugues, for whom no other children have been identified.  It is assumed that "R de Baucio" was Raymond de Baux, supposed brother or paternal uncle of the bride. 

 

3.         GUILLAUME RENOUARD (-after Jan 1163).  The co-identity between Guillaume Renouard de Mezenas (see above) and Guillaume Renouard, father of the four sons named below, is proposed by Rudt-Collenberg[428].  It is not without doubt, as it would mean that Guillaume Renouard was extremely old when he died considering the marriage of the former in 1114.  "…Willelmus Rainoardi…Saxo…" subscribed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated Jan 1140 donating property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Tripoli[429].  "…Willelmus Rainoardi, Saxus filius eius…" subscribed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated Dec 1140 confirming the previous donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Tripoli[430].  "…Willelmo Embriaci, Willelmo Renoardo, Jocelino de Claromonte, Willelmo Porceleto…" were named as present under a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 1142[431].  "Willelmus Embriacus, Willelmus Rainoardus, Joscelinus de Cavo Monte…Willelmus Porcelletus…" witnessed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 22 Apr 1142 donating property to the Knights Hospitallers[432].  "…Willelmus Rainoardi, Saxus filius eius, Raimundus frater eius, Goscelinus de Calvo Monte…" witnessed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 1143 donating property to the Holy Sepulchre[433].  "…W Porcellet…G de Cavomonte…W Ranuardi" witnessed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated Jan 1145 donating property to Saint-Sauveur, Mont Thabor[434].  "Armensendis de Castro novo…et Cæciliæ uxoris necnon filiarum suarum Berengariæ et Leodegarii, quarum uterque maritus vocatur Hugo" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of Raymond II Count of Tripoli, by charter dated 1151, witnessed by "Arnaudus de Crest constabularius Tripolis, Guillelmus de Lulen marescalcus, Guillelmus Rainoardus, Rainoardus filius eius et dominus Tortosæ, Guillelmus Porcellet, Bertrannus Porcelet filius eius…Guillelmus Ducis vicecomes Tripolis…"[435].  "Guillelmus de Maraclea cum Beatrice uxore" sold property "castellum Eixsere", with the consent of "Guillelmi Rainuardi patris, fratrum Rainuardi et Raymundi", by charter dated Jan 1163[436]m ---.  The name of Guillaume´s wife is not known, unless he was the same person as Guillaume Renouard de Mezenas, whose wife was Poncia de Baux as shown above.  Guillaume & his wife had four children: 

a)         SAXUS ([1115/25]-after 1143).  "…Willelmus Rainoardi, Saxus filius eius…" subscribed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated Dec 1140 confirming the previous donation to the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Tripoli[437].  "…Willelmus Rainoardi, Saxus filius eius, Raimundus frater eius, Goscelinus de Calvo Monte…" witnessed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 1143 donating property to the Holy Sepulchre[438].  "…Saxo…" subscribed a charter dated 1143 under which Raymond II Count of Tripoli confirmed the donation of property "in casali Ardin" to the Holy Sepulchre by "Petrus nepos Rogerii constabularii"[439].  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he was adult when he signed these charters. 

b)         RENOUARD [I] (-after 1187).  Lord of Tortosa.  "Armensendis de Castro novo…et Cæciliæ uxoris necnon filiarum suarum Berengariæ et Leodegarii, quarum uterque maritus vocatur Hugo" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of Raymond II Count of Tripoli, by charter dated 1151, witnessed by "Arnaudus de Crest constabularius Tripolis, Guillelmus de Lulen marescalcus, Guillelmus Rainoardus, Rainoardus filius eius et dominus Tortosæ, Guillelmus Porcellet, Bertrannus Porcelet filius eius…Guillelmus Ducis vicecomes Tripolis…"[440].  "Guillelmus de Maraclea cum Beatrice uxore" sold property "castellum Eixsere", with the consent of "Guillelmi Rainuardi patris, fratrum Rainuardi et Raymundi", by charter dated Jan 1163[441]Lord of Nephim.  "…Hugo de Gibelet filius Hebraici, Reinoar de Nefinis…Rainoardus de Mentedei…vicecomes et Johannes eiusdem filius…" witnessed a charter dated 15 Jun 1163 under which Raymond III Count of Tripoli granted property to the Amalfitans[442].  William of Tyre names "…Reinuardo de Nephins…" among the envoys sent to Constantinople in [1171][443].  "Raynouardus dominus Nephini cum fratribus Guillelmo de Maraclea et Raymundo" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of Raymond III Count of Tripoli, by charter dated 18 Nov 1176[444].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Renaut qui sires estoit de Nefin" attacked refugees fleeing after the capture of Jerusalem in 1187, but that he was punished by becoming blind and his heirs later losing the lordship of Nephim[445]

c)         GUILLAUME of Maraclea ([1125/35]-after Aug 1179)Lord of Maraclea.  "Guillelmus de Maraclea cum Beatrice uxore" sold property "castellum Eixsere", with the consent of "Guillelmi Rainuardi patris, fratrum Rainuardi et Raymundi", to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated Jan 1163[446].  His birth date is estimated on the assumption that he was younger than his brother Saxus, and not old enough to have subscribed the charters dated 1143 with his brothers. 

-        LORDS of MARACLEA

d)         RAYMOND [I] (-after Jan 1163).  "…Willelmus Rainoardi, Saxus filius eius, Raimundus frater eius, Goscelinus de Calvo Monte…" witnessed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 1143 donating property to the Holy Sepulchre[447].  "Guillelmus de Maraclea cum Beatrice uxore" sold property "castellum Eixsere", with the consent of "Guillelmi Rainuardi patris, fratrum Rainuardi et Raymundi", by charter dated Jan 1163[448].  "Raynouardus dominus Nephini cum fratribus Guillelmo de Maraclea et Raymundo" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of Raymond III Count of Tripoli, by charter dated 18 Nov 1176[449].  These charters suggest that Raymond was younger than his brothers Renouard and Guillaume. 

 

 

1.         [son .]  Lord of Nephim.  He was presumably one of the sons of Guillaume Renouard who are named above, probably either Renouard [I] or Raymond [I] as Saxus appears not to have survived much later than 1143.  No indication has been found in the primary sources consulted to suggest which is the more likely candidate, although the charter dated Jan 1163 quoted above suggests that Renouard was the older brother and therefore was more likely to have succeeded in the lordship of Nephim.  m --- of Sidon, daughter of GERARD Garnier Lord of Sidon & his wife Agnes of Bures-Tiberias.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "l'autre suer de Renaut seignor de Seete" was "dame de Nefin, ayeulle de celui seignor de Nefin que le prince deserita"[450]--- of Nephim & his wife had one child:  

a)         RAYMOND [II] ([1155/60]-after 22 Jan 1196).  His parentage is confirmed by reading four documents together:  (1) the Lignages d'Outremer records that "l'autre suer de Renaut seignor de Seete" was "dame de Nefin, ayeulle de celui seignor de Nefin que le prince deserita"[451]; (2) another passage in the Lignages names "Aiglentine, la fille de Reymont, seignor de Nefin"[452]; (3) a third passage names "fille dou seignor de Nefin…Heloys" as first wife of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth" and sister of "Aiglentine" wife of "Rohart seignor de Kayphas"[453]; (4) William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Johan d'Ybelin…bail du roiaume de Jerusalem" was married to "la suer de Renoart de Nefin"[454], the last-named being the lord whose territory was confiscated as referred to in passage (1).  His birth date range is calculated for consistency with the birth date ranges assigned to his son Renouard [II] and to his father's generation.  Lord of Nephim.  "…Raimundus de Nephin…" witnessed a charter dated Dec 1174 under which Raymond III Count of Tripoli donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[455].  "Raimundus de Nefino" subscribed a charter of Bohémond III Prince of Antioch dated 22 Jan 1196[456]m ---.  The name of Raymond's wife is not known.  Raymond [II] & his wife had three children:  

i)          RENOUARD [II] ([1175/85]-after [1208])Lord of Nephim.  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Renoart…seignor de Nefin" was at war with Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch after he married without the prince's consent, Prince Bohémond confiscating the lordship of Nephim after which Renouard escaped to Cyprus where he died[457].  His birth date range is estimated from the date of his marriage.  No source has yet been identified which directly states that Renouard [II] was the husband of Douce Porcelet.  However, no other Renouard Lord of Nephim has been identified, and the marriage would be chronologically probable, assuming that Renouard's first wife Isabelle died soon after their marriage.  m firstly ([1205/06]) ISABELLE, daughter of --- Astefort & his wife ---.  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Renoart…seignor de Nefin" married "Ysabel la fille d'un riche home, qui avoit nom Astefort…seignor de Gybelacar" and that she was her father's heiress, but that the marriage took place without the consent of Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch[458]m secondly as her first husband, DOUCE Porcelet, daughter of RAYMOND Porcelet & his wife ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Gautier" son of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" married "la dame de Nefin"[459].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names her "Douce, fille de Raymond Porcelet, qui avoit esté feme dou seignor de Nefin"[460].  She married secondly ([divorced]) as his first wife, Gauthier of Bethsan.  1220.  If she is correctly cited in 1220, she must have been divorced from her second husband, assuming that his second marriage is correct as shown below. 

ii)         HELVIS of Nephim (-[1208]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "fille dou seignor de Nefin…Heloys" as first wife of "Johan…de Ybelin…seignor de Baruth", naming also her sister "Aiglentine" as wife of "Rohart seignor de Kayphas, ayeulle de cestui seignor de Kayphas qui or est, et dou seignor d'Arsur, et pere de Agnes qui fu feme de Boverel en Gene"[461].  William of Tyre (Continuator) records that "Johan d'Ybelin…bail du roiaume de Jerusalem" was married to "la suer de Renoart de Nefin", although he supported Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch in his war with Renouard[462]m ([1201/02]) as his first wife, as JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut, son of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Nablus, Rama and Mirabel & his wife Maria Komnene (1178-Acre 1236). 

iii)        AIGLANTINE of Nephim .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aiglentine, la fille de Reymont, seignor de Nefin" as the wife of Rohart, son of "Paganus…sire dou Cayphas"[463]m ROHART Lord of Caiphas, son of PAGAN Lord of Caiphas & his wife Hodierna --- (-after Oct 1198). 

 

 

 

F.      BARLAIS

 

 

1.         RENAUD Barlais .  William of Tyre records that Amaury I King of Cyprus sent Renaud Barlais "qui estoit nez de Peito" as bailly of Jaffa in 1197[464]m as her first husband, ISABELLE de Bethsan, daughter of PHILIPPE le Roux & his wife Stephanie de Bethsan (-1234 or after).  William of Tyre names "Ysabeau qui fu fille de Phelipe le Roux" as wife of Renaud Barlais[465].  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Phelippe le Rous" & his wife were parents of "Ysabiau de Bessan, mere de Heymeri Barlais"[466].  Another passage of the same manuscript of the Lignages records that "Ysabiau de Bessan, qui avoit esté feme de Renaut Barlais" married secondly Bertrand Porcelet, son of Guillaume Porcelet[467].  She married secondly Bertrand Porcelet.  "Isabella de Betsan, filia quondam Philippi Ruf[fi]" and "Bertrandus Porcelet" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 1234[468].  Renaud Barlais & his wife had one child: 

a)         AIMERY Barlais (-before 6 Jun 1253).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "André et Gautier et Amauri et Phelippe et Richeut et Ysabiau et Estefenie" as children of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" & his wife, specifying that Stephanie married "Phelippe le Rous" and was mother of "Ysabiau de Bessan, mere de Heymeri Barlais"[469].  On his return visit to Cyprus in May 1229, Emperor Friedrich appointed five new baillis of Cyprus, Amaury Barlais, Gavinde Chenichy, Amaury of Beisan, Hugues of Jebail and Guillaume de Rivet, with instructions to evict all Ibelin supporters from Cyprus[470].  Amaury Barlais fled with King Henri and his sisters to the castle of Dieu d'Amour, where they were starved into surrender in summer 1230[471]m AGNES of Marqab, daughter of BERTRAND Lord of Marqab & his wife Bermonda --- (-after 25 Mar 1239).  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Bertran seignor dou Marguat" & his wife and had children "Renaut et Biatris et Agnes", of whom "…Agnes fu feme de Haymeri Barlais, et orent V fiz et une fille qui fu feme de Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chypre, mere de ces enfanz"[472].  "Bertrandus de Margato…moribundus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Agnetis filiæ Bertrandi, eiusque mariti Aymerici Berlai", by charter dated 23 Jul 1217 at Nicosia[473].  "Agnes vidua Aymerici Barlais" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Johannis et Raynaldi Barlais filiorum", by charter dated 25 Mar 1239[474].  "Agnes de Margato et Raynaldus Barlais filius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 26 Mar 1240[475].  Aimery & his wife had one child: 

i)          AMAURY Barlais .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Amauri, Guilliaume, Renaut et Heimeri, et Philippe" as the children of "Heimeri Barlais" & his wife, specifying that the sons died without heirs[476]

ii)         GUILLAUME Barlais .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Amauri, Guilliaume, Renaut et Heimeri, et Philippe" as the children of "Heimeri Barlais" & his wife, specifying that the sons died without heirs[477]

iii)        JEAN Barlais (-after 25 Mar 1239).  "Johan Barlaiz filius Heimericus Barlaiz" sold property of "Hisabiau de Bethsant mater pater ipsius et Betrain Porcelet", by charter dated Jan 1236 at Tripoli[478].  "Agnes vidua Aymerici Barlais" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Johannis et Raynaldi Barlais filiorum", by charter dated 25 Mar 1239[479]

iv)       RENAUD Barlais (-after 25 Mar 1240).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Amauri, Guilliaume, Renaut et Heimeri, et Philippe" as the children of "Heimeri Barlais" & his wife, specifying that the sons died without heirs[480].  "Agnes vidua Aymerici Barlais" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Johannis et Raynaldi Barlais filiorum", by charter dated 25 Mar 1239[481].  "Agnes de Margato et Raynaldus Barlais filius" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 26 Mar 1240[482]

v)        AIMERY Barlais (-after 6 Jun 1253).  "Almarricus Barlays, filius quondam Aymarrici Barlays" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 6 Jun 1253 at Acre[483].  "Amauri Barlais dominus d'Arrabe" granted property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 9 Nov 1269[484]

vi)       PHILIPPA Barlais ).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Amauri, Guilliaume, Renaut et Heimeri, et Philippe" as the children of "Heimeri Barlais" & his wife, specifying that Philippa married "Gui de Ybelin, le conestable de Chipre"[485].  The Lignages d'Outremer refers to the wife of "Gui de Ybelin, conestable de Chypre, mere de ces enfanz" as a daughter of "Haymeri Barlais" and his wife Agnes, daughter of "Bertran seignor dou Marguat" and his wife Raymonde of Beirut[486].  Another manuscript of the Lignages d'Outremer clarifies that she was "Phelippe, la fille Heimeri Barlais"[487]m ([1240]) GUY de Ibelin Constable of Cyprus, son of JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his second wife Mélisende of Arsur ([1215/18]-after May 1255). 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME Barlais (-[1305/06])m firstly (after 1277) as her fourth husband, ISABELLE Ibelin Lady of Beirut, widow firstly of HUGUES II King of Cyprus, secondly of HAMO le Strange, and thirdly of NICOLAS Alaman, daughter of JEAN Ibelin Lord of Beirut & his wife Alice of Athens ([1252]-[1282/before Nov 1283]).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Ysabeau et Eschive" as the two daughters of Jean son of "Balian…sire de Baruth" & his wife, stating that Isabelle married firstly "Huge, le fis de Henri roy de Chipre, qui morut de 14 ans", secondly "un Englés…Heimon Lestrange" and thirdly "Guille Barlais" and died without heirs[488].  She succeeded her father in 1264 as Lady of Beirut.  She returned from Cyprus to Beirut after the death of her first husband.  After the death of her second husband, Hugues III King of Cyprus and Jerusalem took her to Cyprus to marry her third husband, but was obliged to return her to Beirut in 1277 in view of the deathbed agreement made by her second husband[489].  Her third marriage is confirmed by the Lignages d'Outremer which name "Ysabeau, la dame de Baruth" as the wife of Nicolas, son of "Johan l'Aleman"[490].  On her death, her sister succeeded as Lady of Beirut.  m secondly ---.  The name of Guillaume's second wife is not known.  Guillaume & his [second] wife had one child: 

a)         AGNES Barlais .  The dispensation issued by Pope Benedict IX for the marriage of "nobilis vir Jean d´Antioche filius Baliani Nicosiensis" and "Agnes Barlais filia Guillemi militis Nicosiensis" is dated 3 Mar 1304[491]m (Papal dispensation 3 Mar 1304) JEAN of Antioch, son of BALIAN & his wife ---. 

 

 

 

G.      FARABEL

 

 

1.         JEAN de Farabel, son of --- (-after Oct 1252).  Seigneur du Puy.  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "…Johan Pharabel dominus dou Pui…", by charter dated Oct 1252[492]m MARIE du Puy, daughter of HENRI Seigneur du Puy & his wife Eschiva of Tiberias.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie…dame dou Pui" as the daughter of "Hue sans Avoir, le seignor dou Pui" & his wife, stating that she married "Jehan de Farabel"[493].  Jean de Farabel & his wife had six children: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Farabel .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaumin, Thomas et Gui, Eschive, Mehaut et Anne" as the children of "Jehan de Farabel" & his wife[494]m ALIX de Boutron, daughter of JACQUES de Boutron & his wife Clarence de Hassart.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Aalis, la fille dou Boutron" as the wife of "Guillaumin" son of "Jehan de Farabel"[495].  Another passage of the Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain, Guilliaume et Aalis" as the children of Jacques, son of "Beymont, le fis dou prince Baube d'Antioche, et frere dou prince Borgne", & his wife, stating that Alix married "Guilliaume de Farabel, seignor de Pui" and that they had two sons "Rostain et Guilliaume morurent em Puill" and one daughter[496]

i)          ROSTAIN de Farabel .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain et Guilliaume morurent em Puill" and one daughter as children of "Guilliaume de Farabel, seignor de Pui" & his wife[497]

ii)         GUILLAUME de Farabel (-in Apulia).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain et Guilliaume morurent em Puill" and one daughter as children of "Guilliaume de Farabel, seignor de Pui" & his wife[498]

iii)        daughter .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Rostain et Guilliaume morurent em Puill" and one daughter as children of "Guilliaume de Farabel, seignor de Pui" & his wife[499]

b)         THOMAS de Farabel .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaumin, Thomas et Gui, Eschive, Mehaut et Anne" as the children of "Jehan de Farabel" & his wife, stating that Thomas and Guy died young[500]

c)         GUY de Farabel .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaumin, Thomas et Gui, Eschive, Mehaut et Anne" as the children of "Jehan de Farabel" & his wife, stating that Thomas and Guy died young[501]

d)         ESCHIVA de Farabel .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaumin, Thomas et Gui, Eschive, Mehaut et Anne" as the children of "Jehan de Farabel" & his wife[502]

e)         MATHILDE de Farabel .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaumin, Thomas et Gui, Eschive, Mehaut et Anne" as the children of "Jehan de Farabel" & his wife[503]

f)          ANNE de Farabel .  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Guillaumin, Thomas et Gui, Eschive, Mehaut et Anne" as the children of "Jehan de Farabel" & his wife[504]

 

 

 

H.      HAM

 

 

1.         GERARD de Ham (-[4 Sep 1209/Mar 1227])"Girardus de Ham constabularius Tripoli cum uxore Maria" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Eschivæ dictæ Mariæ et Willelmi de Tabaria filiæ, Agnetis filæ dicti Girardi", by charter dated Dec 1204[505].  "…Gysus de Han constabularius Tripolitanis…" subscribed a charter of Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch, Count of Tripoli dated Jul 1205[506].  "…Girardus de Ham constabulus Tripolitanus…" subscribed the charter dated 4 Sep 1209 under which Bohémond IV prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli donated property to the Teutonic Knights[507]m (before Dec 1204) as her third husband, MARIE, widow firstly of BAUDOUIN Ibelin Lord of Ramla, and secondly of GUILLAUME of Tiberias, daughter of RENIER Constable of Tripoli & his wife --- (-after 1228).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie" as third wife of "Baudoyn…seignor de Rames", naming her four brothers "Gautier seignor de Baruth, et Gui seignor de Cesaire de par sa feme, et Bernart, et Hue" and her sister "feme de Johan Le Tor, seignor dou Manoet"[508].  This suggests that Marie's father was Guy [II] Lord of Beirut.  However, her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1228 under which "Maria, Rainerii quondam constabularii Tripolitani filia, uxor G de Haam et mater Thomæ constabularii Tripolitani, necnon Beatrix olim filia Petri de Revandel eiusdem Thomæ uxor" confirmed a sale of property by her son[509].  The Lignages d'Outremer records the second marriage of Marie to "Guillaume de Thabarie" and her third marriage to "Girart de Han", stating that she was mother of "la dame dou Pui et le conestable de Triple" by her third husband[510].  This is confused by another passage in the Lignages d'Outremer which records that "Echive…dame dou Pui, et ayeulle de cestui conestable de Triple et seignor dou Pui qui ores est" was her daughter by her second husband, while "Thonas…conestable de Triple et Agnes…feme de Hue de Gibellet" were her children by her third husband[511].  Richerio Bishop of Melfi confirmed the property rights of "Mariam viduam Girardi de Hanis, matrem Thomæ comestabuli Tripolitani" by charter dated Mar 1227[512].  Gérard & his wife had two children: 

a)         AGNES de Ham (-after Dec 1204).  "Girardus de Ham constabularius Tripoli cum uxore Maria" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Eschivæ dictæ Mariæ et Willelmi de Tabaria filiæ, Agnetis filæ dicti Girardi", by charter dated Dec 1204[513].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Agnes…feme de Hue de Gibellet" as daughter of Gerard de Ham & his wife[514].  Another manuscript of the Lignages confirms that her father was "conestable de Triple"[515]m HUGUES Giblet Lord of Besmedin, son of GUILLAUME Embriaco & his wife Fadie de Hierges (-1220 or after). 

b)         THOMAS de Ham (-after 1234).  "Maria, Rainerii quondam constabularii Tripolitani filia, uxor G de Haam et mater Thomæ constabularii Tripolitani, necnon Beatrix olim filia Petri de Revandel eiusdem Thomæ uxor" confirmed a sale of property by her son by charter dated Oct 1228[516].  Constable of Tripoli.  "Boemundus dominus Botoronis, Thomas de Ham constabulus Tripolitanus, Henricus de Rufi et Radulfus nepos eius" subscribed the charter dated 1234 under which "Isabella de Betsan, filia quondam Philippi Ruf[fi] et Bertrandus Porcelet" donated property to the Teutonic Knights[517]m BEATRIX de Ravendel, daughter of PIERRE de Ravendel & his wife ---.  "Maria, Rainerii quondam constabularii Tripolitani filia, uxor G de Haam et mater Thomæ constabularii Tripolitani, necnon Beatrix olim filia Petri de Revandel eiusdem Thomæ uxor" confirmed a sale of property by her son by charter dated Oct 1228[518].  The bishop of Tripoli confirmed possessions of "Beatricem, uxorem Thomæ constabularii Tripolitani filii quondam Girardi de Hanis" by charter dated to [Mar/Jul] 1228[519]

 

 

 

I.        MONTOLIVE

 

 

1.         BERENGER de Montolive (-after Aug 1179).  "…Berengerius de Montolivo…Raimundus de Montolivo, Girardus de Montolivo" subscribed the charter dated Aug 1179 under which "Guillelmus de Maraclea" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Beatrix uxoris et Melioreti filii"[520]

 

 

Three [or more] brothers, parents not known: 

1.         RAYMOND de Montolive (-after Mar 1181).  "Raymundus de Montolif et fratres eius" renounced rights in "castellum Rubnum", which Raymond III Count of Tripoli granted to the Knights Hospitallers, by charter dated Nov 1187[521].  "…Berengerius de Montolivo…Raimundus de Montolivo, Girardus de Montolivo" subscribed the charter dated Aug 1179 under which "Guillelmus de Maraclea" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Beatrix uxoris et Melioreti filii"[522].  "…Raimundus de Montolivio, Girardus frater eius tunc Tripolis vicecomes" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1181 under which Raymond Count of Tripoli donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[523]

2.         GERARD (-after Mar 1181).  "…Berengerius de Montolivo…Raimundus de Montolivo, Girardus de Montolivo" subscribed the charter dated Aug 1179 under which "Guillelmus de Maraclea" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Beatrix uxoris et Melioreti filii"[524].  "…Raimundus de Montolivio, Girardus frater eius tunc Tripolis vicecomes" subscribed the charter dated Mar 1181 under which Raymond Count of Tripoli donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[525].  Vicomte de Tripoli. 

3.         son (-after Nov 1187).  The charter dated Nov 1187 under which "Raymundus de Montolif et fratres eius" renounced rights in "castellum Rubnum", which Raymond III Count of Tripoli granted to the Knights Hospitallers[526], shows that there were at least three brothers at that date. 

 

 

1.         BAUDOUIN de Montolive (-after Oct 1252).  "Thomas Berard magister Templi" granted safe passage to the coast through Tripoli to a group of named nobles, including "…Baudoin de Mont Olifo", by charter dated Oct 1252[527]

 

 

 

J.      PORCELET

 

 

1.         BERTRAND Porcelet (-after 31 Jan 1105).  "…Bertrandus Porcelletus…" subscribed the charter dated 31 Jan 1105 under which "Raymundus comes S. Aegidii" confirmed donations to the church of Arles in articulo mortis[528].  As two of the other subscribers of this charter were nobles from Provence, this suggests that Bertrand Porcelet may also have originated in southern France. 

 

2.         GUILLAUME Porcelet (-after 1151).  "…Willelmus Porcelleti…" subscribed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated Jan 1140 donating property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Tripoli[529].  "…Willelmo Embriaci, Willelmo Renoardo, Jocelino de Claromonte, Willelmo Porceleto…" were named as present under a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 1142[530].  "Willelmus Embriacus, Willelmus Rainoardus, Joscelinus de Cavo Monte…Willelmus Porcelletus…" witnessed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 22 Apr 1142 donating property to the Knights Hospitallers[531].  "Armensendis de Castro novo…et Cæciliæ uxoris necnon filiarum suarum Berengariæ et Leodegarii, quarum uterque maritus vocatur Hugo" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of Raymond II Count of Tripoli, by charter dated 1151, witnessed by "Arnaudus de Crest constabularius Tripolis, Guillelmus de Lulen marescalcus, Guillelmus Rainoardus, Rainoardus filius eius et dominus Tortosæ, Guillelmus Porcellet, Bertrannus Porcelet filius eius…Guillelmus Ducis vicecomes Tripolis…"[532]m ---.  The name of Guillaume's wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)         [PETRONILLA (-after 1167).  "Petronilla filia Porcelli, civis Hierosolymitani eiusque filius Adam" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers by charter dated 1167, which specifies that Adam married "filiam Guillelmi Grifonis"[533].  It is not certain that "Porcellus" was a member of the Porcelet family, nor if this is correct that Petronilla's father was Guillaume Porcelet.] 

 

3.         GUILLAUME Porcelet m MARGUERITE de Beirut, daughter of GAUTHIER [III] Brisebarre Lord of Beirut & his second wife Agnes ---.  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Gautier…de Baruth" and his wife Agnes had four daughters, the second of whom married "Guillaume Porcelet" and had children "Renaut et Bertran et hue et Marie"[534].  Guillaume & his wife had four children: 

a)         RENAUD Porcelet .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Guillaume Porcelet" & his wife had four children "Renaut et Bertran et hue et Marie", of whom "les III freres morurent sanz heirs"[535]

b)         BERTRAND Porcelet (-after 1234).  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Guillaume Porcelet" & his wife had four children "Renaut et Bertran et hue et Marie", of whom "Bertran si fu baron de Ysabiau de Bessan, qui avoit esté feme de Renaut Barlais, et les III freres morurent sanz heirs"[536].  "…Bertranus Porcelet" subscribed the charter dated Oct 1177 under which "Raimundus comitis Tripolitanus cum uxore Eschiva" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[537].  "Isabella de Betsan, filia quondam Philippi Ruf[fi]" and "Bertrandus Porcelet" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 1234[538]m as her second wife, ISABELLE de Bethsan, widow of RENAUD Barlais, daughter of PHILIPPE Rufus & his wife Stephanie de Bethsan (-1234 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Phelippe le Rous" & his wife were parents of "Ysabiau de Bessan, mere de Heymeri Barlais"[539].  Another passage of the same manuscript of the Lignages records that "Ysabiau de Bessan, qui avoit esté feme de Renaut Barlais" married secondly Bertrand Porcelet, son of Guillaume Porcelet[540].  "Isabella de Betsan, filia quondam Philippi Ruf[fi]" and "Bertrandus Porcelet" donated property to the Teutonic Knights by charter dated 1234[541]

c)         HUGUES Porcelet .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Guillaume Porcelet" & his wife had four children "Renaut et Bertran et hue et Marie", of whom "les III freres morurent sanz heirs"[542]

d)         MARIE Porcelet .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Guillaume Porcelet" & his wife had four children "Renaut et Bertran et hue et Marie", of whom "Marie fu feme de Linart de Baphe" after whose death she married "Hue de Gibellet, et ot I fiz Bertran pere de cestui Bertheleme"[543]m firstly LINARD de Baphe, son of ---.  m secondly HUGUES de Giblet, son of BERTRAND Embriaco & his wife Doleta of Armenia (-1264 or after).  Linard & his wife had one child: 

i)          MARGUERITE de Baphe .  The Lignages d'Outremer records that "Linart de Baphe" & his wife had "une fille Marguerite qui fu feme dou visconte de Triple, et ot II fiz et une fille: Johan qui est viscomte de Triple, et Aalis qui fu feme dou seignor de Moinetre, et Hue qui fu seignor de Saint Johan, pere de ceste dame de Saint Johan. Marguerite fu puis feme de cestui Hue de Mimars"[544].  Another manuscript of the Lignages lists more of their descendants[545]m --- Vicomte de Tripoli, son of ---. 

 

 

4.         RAYMOND Porceletm ---.  The name of Raymond's wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had one child: 

a)         DOUCE Porcelet .  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Gautier" son of "Gremont le seignor de Bessan" married "la dame de Nefin"[546].  Another manuscript of the Lignages names her "Douce, fille de Raymond Porcelet, qui avoit esté feme dou seignor de Nefin"[547].  1220.  If she is correctly cited in 1220, she must have been divorced from her second husband, assuming that his second marriage is correct as shown below.  m firstly as his second wife, RENOUARD [II] Lord of Nephin, son of ---.  m secondly as his first wife, GAUTHIER of Bethsan, son of GREMONT [I] Lord of Bethsan & his wife Marguerite of Beirut.  1210. 

 

 

 

K.      RAVENDEL

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Ravendel (-after May 1134).  "…Robertus de Ravandella…" subscribed a charter dated May 1134 under which "Gozelillus magni Gozelini filius comes Edessanus" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers[548]

 

2.         PIERRE de Ravendel (-after 20 Mar 1201).  "…Petrus de Ravendello…" subscribed a charter of Bohémond III Prince of Antioch dated Apr 1189[549].  "Petrus de Ravendellis" subscribed a charter of Bohémond III Prince of Antioch dated 15 Jun 1199[550].  "Petrus de Ravandello" subscribed a charter of Bohémond IV Prince of Antioch, Count of Tripoli dated 20 Mar 1201[551]

 

3.         PIERRE de Ravendel m AGNES de Maraclea, daughter of MELLIOR Lord of Maraclea & his wife --- de Torhot.  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Renoart et Agnes" as the children of "Meillour…sire de Mareclee", specifying that Agnes married "Pierre de Ravendel" and inherited Maraclea after her brother was disinherited[552].  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

a)         MELLIOR de Ravendel (-1262 or after).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Meillour" as the son of "Pierre de Ravendel" and his wife "Agnes"[553]Lord of Maraclea

-        LORDS of MARACLEA

b)         BEATRIX de Ravendel (-after 1228).  "Maria, Rainerii quondam constabularii Tripolitani filia, uxor G de Haam et mater Thomæ constabularii Tripolitani, necnon Beatrix olim filia Petri de Revandel eiusdem Thomæ uxor" confirmed a sale of property by her son by charter dated Oct 1228[554].  The bishop of Tripoli confirmed possessions of "Beatricem, uxorem Thomæ constabularii Tripolitani filii quondam Girardi de Hanis" by charter dated to [Mar/Jul] 1228[555]m THOMAS de Ham, son of GERARD de Ham Constable of Tripoli & his wife Marie --- (-after 1234).  Constable of Tripoli. 

 

 

 

L.      CONSTABLES of TRIPOLI

 

 

1.         --- .  m --- (-after 1143).  Her name is not known, but she was still alive in 1143 as confirmed by the charter of Raymond II Couont of Tripoli subscribed by "Rainerius constabularius cum matre sua…"[556].  One child: 

a)         RENIER (-after 1143).  Constable of Tripoli.  "Rainerius constabularius…" subscribed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated Jan 1140 donating property to the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Tripoli[557].  "Rainerius constabularius cum matre sua…" witnessed a charter of Raymond II Count of Tripoli dated 1143 donating property to the Holy Sepulchre[558].  "Rainerius constabularius" subscribed a charter dated 1143 under which Raymond II Count of Tripoli confirmed the donation of property "in casali Ardin" to the Holy Sepulchre by "Petrus nepos Rogerii constabularii"[559]same person as…?  RENIER (-after [1160/65]).  No record has been found of a Constable of Tripoli named Renier after 1143.  However, the estimated birth date of Renier´s daughter shows that her father must have been living in the period [1160/65].  It is not known whether he was the same person as the constable who is recorded in 1140/43, although if this was the case he must have married late in life.  Constable of Tripolim ---.  The name of Renier´s wife is not known. 

i)          MARIE ([1160/65]-after Oct 1228).  Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1228 under which "Maria, Rainerii quondam constabularii Tripolitani filia, uxor G de Haam et mater Thomæ constabularii Tripolitani, necnon Beatrix olim filia Petri de Revandel eiusdem Thomæ uxor" confirmed a sale of property by her son[560].  On the other hand, the Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie, la fille Piere de Baruth" as the wife of "Guillaumin", son of "Eschive…dame de Tabarie et…Guillaumin de Bures", although the names of Marie's and Guillaume's fathers are not consistent with the names recorded in other sources[561].  As Marie had two children by her third husband, it is unlikely that she was born earlier than [1160/65].  The Lignages d'Outremer records the second marriage of Marie to "Guillaume de Thabarie" and her third marriage to "Girart de Han", stating that she was mother of "la dame dou Pui et le conestable de Triple" by her third husband[562].  This is confused by another passage in the Lignages d'Outremer which records that "Echive…dame dou Pui, et ayeulle de cestui conestable de Triple et seignor dou Pui qui ores est" was her daughter by her second husband, while "Thomas…conestable de Triple et Agnes…feme de Hue de Gibellet" were her children by her third husband[563].  "Girardus de Ham, constabularius Tripoli cum uxore Maria" donated property to the Knights Hospitallers, with the consent of "Eschivæ dictæ Mariæ et Willelmi de Tabaria filiæ, Agnetis filiæ dicti Girardi", by charter dated Dec 1204[564]m firstly (after Apr 1180) as his third wife, BAUDOUIN Ibelin Lord of Ramla, son of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Rama & his wife Helvis --- (1135 or before-[Feb 1186/88]).  m secondly (after [Feb 1186/88]) as his second wife, GUILLAUME of Tiberias, son of GAUTHIER de Saint-Omer Lord of Tiberias & his second wife Eschiva [II] de Bures Lady of Tiberias (-before 1204).  m thirdly (before 1204) GERARD de Ham Constable of Tripoli, son of --- (-[4 Sep 1209/Mar 1227]). 

 

 



[1] RHC, Historiens occidentaux II, Historia Rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum ("L'estoire de Eracles Empereur et la conqueste de la terre d'Outremer") (“WT”)  XI.II, p. 52. 

[2] RHC, Historiens occidentaux, Tome IV (Paris, 1879), Alberti Aquensis Historia Hierosolymitana ("Albert of Aix (RHC)"), Liber IX, Cap. L, p. 623. 

[3] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber XI, Cap. IV, p. 664. 

[4] Runciman, S. (1951, 1952 and 1954) A History of the Crusades, Vols. 1-3 (Penguin Books, 1978), Vol. 2, p. 68. 

[5] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber XI, Cap. XV, p. 669. 

[6] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 404. 

[7] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 404-5. 

[8] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 405-7. 

[9] WT XI.IX, p. 465. 

[10] Belgrano, L. T. (ed.) (1891) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 1, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), Regni Iherosolymitani brevis historia, p. 128. 

[11] L'abbé Goiffon (ed.) (1882) Bullaire de l´abbaye de Saint-Gilles (Nîmes) ("Bullaire de Saint-Gilles"), XX, XXIV, XXV, XXVIII, and XXX, pp. 38, 42, 44, 46 and 48. 

[12] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber XI, Cap. IV, p. 664. 

[13] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 68. 

[14] Bar Hebræus, RHC Historiens orientaux I, p. 10. 

[15] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 69.   

[16] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 70.   

[17] Rozière, E. de (ed.) (1849) Cartulaire de l'église de Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem (Paris) ("Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem"), 97, p. 190. 

[18] Chibnall, M. (ed. and trans.) The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis (Oxford Medieval Texts, 1969-80), Vol. VI, Book XIII, p. 431. 

[19] Devic, Dom C., Dom Vaissete, Dulaurier, E. (1875) Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. (Toulouse), Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 389, col. 738. 

[20] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 29, p. 33. 

[21] Bullaire de Saint-Gilles XXV, p. 44. 

[22] Kerrebrouck, P. Van (2000) Les Capétiens 987-1328 (Villeneuve d'Asq), p. 561. 

[23] Marilier, J. (ed.) (1961) Chartes et documents concernant l'abbaye de Cîteaux 1098-1182 (Rome)113, p. 104. 

[24] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XIII, p. 431. 

[25] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 65. 

[26] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 97, p. 190. 

[27] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 144 and 160. 

[28] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 174. 

[29] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 188-90. 

[30] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 195. 

[31] WT XIV.XXIII, p. 640, and Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 202. 

[32] Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii 31, MGH SS IX, p. 405. 

[33] WT XI.I, p. 450, and XIV.I, p. 606. 

[34] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 52.   

[35] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 125. 

[36] Albert of Aix (RHC), Liber XII, Cap. XIX, p. 701. 

[37] WT XIV.V, pp. 612 and XIV.VI, p. 614. 

[38] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 134 footnote 3. 

[39] Sturdza, M. D. (1999) Dictionnaire Historique et Généalogique des Grandes Familles de Grèce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople (2e edition Paris), p. 631. 

[40] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 92, p. 183. 

[41] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 551.I, col. 1054. 

[42] WT XIV.XXV, p. 645. 

[43] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 551.I, col. 1054. 

[44] Röhricht, R. (ed.) (1904) Regesta Regni Hierosolymitani, Supplement (Oeniponti) 270a, p. 18. 

[45] Röhricht, R. (ed.) (1893) Regesta Regni Hierosolymitani (Oeniponti) 347, p. 91. 

[46] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 419a, p. 24. 

[47] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 535b, p. 32. 

[48] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 626a, p. 41. 

[49] WT XIV.XXV, p. 645. 

[50] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 92, p. 183. 

[51] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 91, p. 180. 

[52] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 203. 

[53] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 551.I, col. 1054. 

[54] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 95, p. 187. 

[55] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 280. 

[56] WT XVII.XIX, p. 791-2. 

[57] WT XII.IV, p. 517. 

[58] WT XXI.V, p. 1011. 

[59] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 93, p. 184. 

[60] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 551.I, col. 1054. 

[61] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 333. 

[62] WT XVII.XIX, p. 792. 

[63] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 551.I, col. 1054. 

[64] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 95, p. 187. 

[65] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 360. 

[66] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 367. 

[67] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 369. 

[68] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 395. 

[69] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 405 and 411. 

[70] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 407-8.  The prisoners released included Joscelin III de Courtenay and Renaud de Châtillion ex-Prince of Antioch. 

[71] WT Continuator ("WTC") XXIII.II, p. 4, XXIII.IV, p. 6, and Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 443. 

[72] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 445. 

[73] Bar Hebræus, RHC Historiens orientaux I, p. 56. 

[74] WTC XXIII.XVIII, p. 30. 

[75] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 448-9. 

[76] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 450. 

[77] WTC XXIII.XLVIII, pp. 71-2, and Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 470. 

[78] Röhricht (1893), 665, p. 177. 

[79] Mas Latrie, M. L. (ed.) (1871) Chronique d'Ernoul et de Bernard le Trésorier (Paris) (“Ernoul”), 4, p. 32. 

[80] WT XXI.V, p. 1011. 

[81] Nielen, M.-A. (ed.) (2003) Lignages d'Outremer (Paris), Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVI, p. 97. 

[82] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 460. 

[83] Ernoul 4, p. 32. 

[84] WT XVII.XIX, p. 792. 

[85] Meineke, A. (ed.) (1836) Ioannes Cinnamus, Nicephorus Bryennius, Corpus Scriptorum Historiæ Byzantinæ (Bonn) Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 4, p. 208. 

[86] WT XVIII.XXXI, p. 874, and Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 359. 

[87] According to Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 100, Prince Bohémond III died in April. 

[88] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIIII, p. 93. 

[89] WTC XXIII.XLVII, p. 72. 

[90] Langlois, V. (ed.) (1863) Le Trésor des Chartes d'Arménie (Venice) ("Chartes d´Arménie"), XII, p. 131. 

[91] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 470. 

[92] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 470. 

[93] WTC XXIII.XLVII, p. 72. 

[94] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[95] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 207. 

[96] WTC XXXIV.II, p. 440, although this records the death of the older Bohémond in 1251. 

[97] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 278. 

[98] WTC XXXIV.XIX, p. 466. 

[99] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 243. 

[100] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 388-9. 

[101] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIIII, p. 95. 

[102] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 404. 

[103] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 404-5. 

[104] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 405-7. 

[105] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[106] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[107] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 76. 

[108] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[109] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 76. 

[110] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[111] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[112] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[113] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[114] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[115] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[116] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[117] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[118] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[119] Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 413. 

[120] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[121] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[122] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[123] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[124] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[125] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[126] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[127] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[128] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 76. 

[129] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[130] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 76. 

[131] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[132] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[133] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[134] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[135] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[136] ES III 672. 

[137] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[138] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[139] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[140] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[141] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[142] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[143] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[144] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 76. 

[145] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 76. 

[146] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[147] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[148] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[149] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 83. 

[150] WT, Vol. 2, XXIII, XXXIV, p. 51. 

[151] WT, Vol. 2, XXIII, XXXIV, p. 51, and Runciman (1978), p. 406. 

[152] Röhricht (1893), 788, p. 210. 

[153] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[154] WT Vol. 2, XXIII.XXXIV, p. 51. 

[155] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, pp. 68 and 69. 

[156] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.XCII, p. 67. 

[157] Röhricht (1893), 589, p. 157. 

[158] Ernoul 27, p. 305. 

[159] Röhricht (1893), 602, p. 160. 

[160] Röhricht (1893), 718, p. 192. 

[161] Röhricht (1893), 731, p. 195. 

[162] Röhricht (1893), 742, p. 197. 

[163] Röhricht (1893), 754, p. 200. 

[164] Röhricht (1893), 758, p. 202. 

[165] Röhricht (1893), 799, p. 213. 

[166] Röhricht (1893), 839, p. 224. 

[167] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[168] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 83. 

[169] WT, Vol. 2, XXIII, XXXIV, p. 51. 

[170] WT, Vol. 2, XXIII, XXXIV, p. 51, and Runciman (1978), p. 406. 

[171] Röhricht (1893), 788, p. 210. 

[172] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 83. 

[173] Röhricht (1893), 742, p. 197. 

[174] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 83. 

[175] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVII, p. 123. 

[176] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 83. 

[177] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIIII, p. 94. 

[178] Röhricht (1893), 979, p. 257. 

[179] Röhricht (1893), 1058, p. 276. 

[180] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 83. 

[181] Röhricht (1893), 1102, p. 286. 

[182] WTC XXXIII.LVII, p. 430. 

[183] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, pp. 119 and 120. 

[184] WTC XXXIII.LVII, p. 430. 

[185] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[186] Röhricht (1893), 1201, p. 316. 

[187] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 71. 

[188] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[189] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, pp. 115-16. 

[190] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[191] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[192] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[193] Röhricht (1893), 1444, p. 376. 

[194] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[195] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[196] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[197] Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 407. 

[198] Belgrano, L. T. (ed.) (1891) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 1, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), Cafari de Liberatione civitatem orientis liber, p. 110. 

[199] Belgrano, L. T. (ed.) (1891) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 1, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), ("Caffaro Annali Genovesi"), pp. 13 and 15. 

[200] Röhricht (1893), 55, p. 11. 

[201] Liber Jurium, t. I, p. 93, cited in Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 399. 

[202] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 114. 

[203] Cafari de Liberatione civitatem orientis liber, p. 123. 

[204] Cafari Genuensis Liberatio Orientis XXVII, RHC V, p. 73. 

[205] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[206] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 96, p. 189. 

[207] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 96, p. 189. 

[208] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[209] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 114. 

[210] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 96, p. 189. 

[211] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 96, p. 189. 

[212] Cafari de Liberatione civitatem orientis liber, p. 110. 

[213] Liber Jurium, t. I, pp. 30-1, cited in Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 399. 

[214] Röhricht (1893), 118, p. 29. 

[215] Röhricht (1893), 224, p. 57. 

[216] Liber Jurium, t. I, pp. 133 and 172, cited in Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 400. 

[217] Röhricht (1893), 287, p. 72. 

[218] Belgrano, L. T. & Imperiale di Sant´ Angelo, C.  (ed.) (1901) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 2, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), VII, Ottobonæ Scribæ Annales 1174-1196, p. 33. 

[219] Ottobonæ Scribæ Annales 1174-1196, p. 60. 

[220] Belgrano, L. T. & Imperiale di Sant´ Angelo, C.  (ed.) (1901) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 2, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), VIII, Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 110. 

[221] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 121. 

[222] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 134. 

[223] Belgrano, L. T. & Imperiale di Sant´ Angelo, C.  (ed.) (1901) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 2, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), IX, Marchisii Scribæ Annales 1220-1224, p. 188. 

[224] Liber Jurium, t. I, pp. 133 and 172, cited in Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 400. 

[225] Röhricht (1893), 287, p. 72. 

[226] Belgrano, L. T. (ed.) (1891) Annali Genovesi di Caffaro e de´ suoi continuatori, Vol. 1, Fonti per la Storia d´Italia (Genoa), Oberti Cancelarii Annales, p. 241. 

[227] Ottobonæ Scribæ Annales 1174-1196, p. 43. 

[228] Ottobonæ Scribæ Annales 1174-1196, p. 44. 

[229] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 80. 

[230] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 113. 

[231] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 126. 

[232] Marchisii Scribæ Annales 1220-1224, p. 159. 

[233] Ogerii Panis Annales 1197-1219, p. 139. 

[234] Röhricht (1893), 224, p. 57. 

[235] Saint-Sépulchre de Jerusalem, 96, p. 189. 

[236] Röhricht (1893), 191, p. 47. 

[237] Röhricht (1893), 211, p. 53. 

[238] Liber Jurium, t. I, p. 173, cited in Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 400. 

[239] Müller, G. Doc. Tosc., p. 6, cited in Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 400. 

[240] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 114. 

[241] Röhricht (1893), 328, p. 84. 

[242] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[243] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[244] Röhricht (1893), 520, p. 138. 

[245] Röhricht (1893), 602, p. 160. 

[246] Röhricht (1893), 648, p. 171. 

[247] Röhricht (1893), 742, p. 197. 

[248] Röhricht (1893), 754, p. 200. 

[249] Röhricht (1893), 758, p. 202. 

[250] Röhricht (1893), 799, p. 213. 

[251] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[252] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[253] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[254] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[255] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[256] Röhricht (1893), 1113, p. 289. 

[257] ES III 671. 

[258] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[259] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[260] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[261] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[262] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXIX, p. 64. 

[263] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[264] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[265] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[266] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[267] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[268] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[269] Röhricht (1893), 799, p. 213. 

[270] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVII, p. 122. 

[271] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[272] ES III 628. 

[273] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[274] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[275] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[276] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[277] Röhricht (1893), 742, p. 197. 

[278] Röhricht (1893), 754, p. 200. 

[279] Röhricht (1893), 799, p. 213. 

[280] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 871a, p. 57. 

[281] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[282] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[283] Röhricht (1893), 1272, p. 333. 

[284] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[285] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[286] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[287] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[288] Röhricht (1893), 1201, p. 316. 

[289] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[290] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[291] Röhricht (1893), 1467, p. 383. 

[292] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 404-5. 

[293] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 405-7. 

[294] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[295] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[296] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[297] ES III 671. 

[298] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[299] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[300] ES III 671. 

[301] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[302] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 388-9. 

[303] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, pp. 115-16. 

[304] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, pp. 115-16. 

[305] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98.  

[306] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[307] Liber Jurium, t. I, p. 230, cited in Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 401. 

[308] Röhricht (1893), 520, p. 138. 

[309] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 114. 

[310] Röhricht (1893), 520, p. 138. 

[311] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, pp. 68 and 69. 

[312] WT Vol. 2, XXIII.XXXIV, p. 51. 

[313] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.XCII, p. 67. 

[314] Röhricht (1893), 589, p. 157. 

[315] Ernoul 27, p. 305. 

[316] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 68. 

[317] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 68. 

[318] WTC XXXI.IV, p. 315. 

[319] R. de Mas Latrie (ed.) (1891) Chroniques d'Amadi et de Strambaldi (Paris) (“Amadi”), p. 91. 

[320] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.XCII, p. 67. 

[321] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, pp. 68 and 69. 

[322] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 68. 

[323] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, pp. 68 and 69. 

[324] Abu Shama Le Livre des Deux Jardins, RHC, Historiens Orientaux, Tome V, p. 103, cited in Rüdt-Collenberg (1965), p. 469. 

[325] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 68. 

[326] WT Vol. 2, XXIII.XXXIV, p. 51. 

[327] Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 402. 

[328] Röhricht (1893), 1082, p. 282. 

[329] Amadi, p. 91. 

[330] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 83. 

[331] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIIII, p. 94. 

[332] Röhricht (1893), 799, p. 213. 

[333] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 871a, p. 57. 

[334] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 7806, El parentado de Beimonte principe 9, p. 173. 

[335] Röhricht (1893), 1082, p. 282. 

[336] Rüdt-Collenberg, W. H. (1979) 'Les Ibelins aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles, Généalogie compilée principalement selon les registres du Vatican', Epeteris tou Kentrou Epistemonikon Ereunon IX, 1977-1979 (Nicosia), reprinted in Familles de l'Orient latin XIIe-XIVe siècles (Variorum Reprints, London, 1983), p. 133. 

[337] Röhricht (1893), 1201, p. 316. 

[338] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[339] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[340] Amadi, p. 395. 

[341] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[342] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 133. 

[343] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 388. 

[344] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 388-9. 

[345] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXIX, p. 103. 

[346] Rüdt-Collenberg, W. H. ´Les dispenses matrimoniales accordées à l´Orient Latin selon les Registres du Vatican 1283-1385´, Mélanges de l´Ecole française de Rome. Moyen-Age, Temps modernes, Tome 89, no. 1, (1977), Tableau A, 15, p. 60. 

[347] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 133.   

[348] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[349] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[350] Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 405. 

[351] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1437a, p. 99. 

[352] Amadi, pp. 276-7. 

[353] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 20, p. 62. 

[354] Amadi, p. 405. 

[355] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[356] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1437a, p. 99. 

[357] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[358] Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 407. 

[359] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1437a, p. 99. 

[360] Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 133, footnote 49. 

[361] Rey 'Les Seigneurs de Giblet', Revue de l'Orient Latin, Tome III, 1895 (Paris), p. 407. 

[362] Gestes des Chiprois (801), cited in Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 134, which states that according to the Lignages her husband was Gawrin de La Roche. 

[363] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[364] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1437a, p. 99. 

[365] ES III 671. 

[366] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[367] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 388-9. 

[368] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[369] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[370] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[371] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 388-9. 

[372] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[373] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXIX, p. 103. 

[374] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 7806, El parentado de Beimonte principe 9, p. 173. 

[375] Röhricht (1893), 1082, p. 282. 

[376] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[377] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 7806, El parentado de Beimonte principe 9, p. 173. 

[378] Röhricht (1893), 1082, p. 282. 

[379] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115.  

[380] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 7806, El parentado de Beimonte principe 9, p. 173. 

[381] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 115. 

[382] Baldrici Episcopi Dolensis Historia Jerosolimitana, RHC Occidentaux IV, p. 92. 

[383] Röhricht (1893), 378, p. 99. 

[384] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 535c, p. 32. 

[385] Röhricht (1893), 595, p. 158. 

[386] Röhricht (1893), 378, p. 99. 

[387] Röhricht (1893), 520, p. 138. 

[388] Röhricht (1893), 595, p. 158. 

[389] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 116. 

[390] Röhricht (1893), 595, p. 158. 

[391] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[392] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 119. 

[393] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[394] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 118. 

[395] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 118. 

[396] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[397] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 116. 

[398] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[399] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[400] Röhricht (1893), 1201, p. 316. 

[401] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[402] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[403] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[404] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 116. 

[405] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[406] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[407] Röhricht (1893), 1201, p. 316. 

[408] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[409] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[410] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[411] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[412] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[413] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[414] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[415] Röhricht (1893), 1201, p. 316. 

[416] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 119. 

[417] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[418] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[419] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[420] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[421] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[422] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[423] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[424] Rudt de Collenberg, W. H. 'Les Raynouard, Seigneurs de Nephin et de Maraclé en Terre sainte et leur parenté en Languedoc', Familles de l'Orient latin XII-XIV siècles (Variorum reprints, London 1983), pp. 289-311. 

[425] Röhricht (1893), 191, p. 47. 

[426] Bullaire de Saint-Gilles XL and XLVI, pp. 59 and 65. 

[427] Polycarpe de la Rivière, Annales, p. 665, quoted in Rudt de Collenberg 'Les Raynouard', p. 302 footnote 93, which does not give the precise citation for the manuscript source. 

[428] Rudt de Collenberg 'Les Raynouard', pp. 302-05. 

[429] Röhricht (1893), 193, p. 47. 

[430] Röhricht (1893), 198, p. 49. 

[431] Röhricht (1893), 211, p. 53. 

[432] Röhricht (1893), 212, p. 53. 

[433] Röhricht (1893), 217, p. 54. 

[434] Röhricht (1893), 233, p. 58. 

[435] Röhricht (1893), 270, p. 68. 

[436] Röhricht (1893), 378, p. 99. 

[437] Röhricht (1893), 198, p. 49. 

[438] Röhricht (1893), 217, p. 54. 

[439] Röhricht (1893), 218, p. 56. 

[440] Röhricht (1893), 270, p. 68. 

[441] Röhricht (1893), 378, p. 99. 

[442] Röhricht (1893), 380, p. 100. 

[443] WT XX, XXII, RHC Occidentaux I, p. 981. 

[444] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 535c, p. 32. 

[445] WTC XXXIII.LXIV, pp. 100-1. 

[446] Röhricht (1893), 378, p. 99. 

[447] Röhricht (1893), 217, p. 54. 

[448] Röhricht (1893), 378, p. 99. 

[449] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 535c, p. 32. 

[450] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[451] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CCC.I, p. 84. 

[452] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[453] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 62. 

[454] WTC XXXIV.IV, p. 315. 

[455] Röhricht (1893), 519, p. 138. 

[456] Röhricht (1893), 718, p. 192. 

[457] WTC XXXIV.IV, p. 315. 

[458] WTC XXXIV.III, p. 314. 

[459] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[460] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[461] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVIII, p. 62. 

[462] WTC XXXIV.IV, p. 315. 

[463] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LVI, p. 121. 

[464] WT, Vol. 2, XXVII, III, p. 219. 

[465] WT, Vol. 2, XXVII, III, p. 219. 

[466] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[467] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[468] Röhricht (1893), 1058, p. 276. 

[469] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[470] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 192. 

[471] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 194. 

[472] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[473] Röhricht (1893), 896, p. 240. 

[474] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1088a, p. 67. 

[475] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1093a, p. 68. 

[476] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 119. 

[477] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 119. 

[478] Röhricht (1893), 1069, p. 279. 

[479] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1088a, p. 67. 

[480] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 119. 

[481] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1088a, p. 67. 

[482] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 1093a, p. 68. 

[483] Röhricht (1893), 1206, p. 317. 

[484] Röhricht (1893), 1367, p. 357. 

[485] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 119. 

[486] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 74.  . 

[487] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 100. 

[488] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXVII, p. 98. 

[489] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 342, and Rüdt-Collenberg (1979), p. 136.  . 

[490] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXL, p. 104. 

[491] Rüdt-Collenberg (1977), Tableau A, 29, p. 62. 

[492] Röhricht (1893), 1201, p. 316. 

[493] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 101. 

[494] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 102. 

[495] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 102. 

[496] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[497] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[498] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[499] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LIII, p. 120. 

[500] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 102. 

[501] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 102. 

[502] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 102. 

[503] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 102. 

[504] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 102. 

[505] Röhricht (1893), 800, p. 213. 

[506] Röhricht (1893), 807, p. 215. 

[507] Röhricht (1893), 839, p. 224. 

[508] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 60. 

[509] Röhricht (1893), 993, p. 261. 

[510] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 61. 

[511] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 75.  . 

[512] Röhricht (1893), 980, p. 257. 

[513] Röhricht (1893), 800, p. 213. 

[514] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 76. 

[515] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.L, p. 116. 

[516] Röhricht (1893), 993, p. 261. 

[517] Röhricht (1893), 1058, p. 276. 

[518] Röhricht (1893), 993, p. 261. 

[519] Röhricht (1893), 988, p. 260. 

[520] Röhricht (1893), 595, p. 158. 

[521] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 562a, p. 35. 

[522] Röhricht (1893), 595, p. 158. 

[523] Röhricht (1893), 602, p. 160. 

[524] Röhricht (1893), 595, p. 158. 

[525] Röhricht (1893), 602, p. 160. 

[526] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 562a, p. 35. 

[527] Röhricht (1893), 1201, p. 316. 

[528] Röhricht (1893), 44, p. 8. 

[529] Röhricht (1893), 193, p. 47. 

[530] Röhricht (1893), 211, p. 53. 

[531] Röhricht (1893), 212, p. 53. 

[532] Röhricht (1893), 270, p. 68. 

[533] Röhricht (1904) (Supplement) 434a, p. 27. 

[534] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[535] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[536] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[537] Röhricht (1893), 549, p. 146. 

[538] Röhricht (1893), 1058, p. 276. 

[539] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[540] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[541] Röhricht (1893), 1058, p. 276. 

[542] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[543] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[544] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVI, p. 75.  . 

[545] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVIII, pp. 112-13. 

[546] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77. 

[547] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110. 

[548] Röhricht (1893), 151, p. 38. 

[549] Röhricht (1893), 680, p. 181. 

[550] Röhricht (1893), 757, p. 201. 

[551] Röhricht (1893), 769, p. 205. 

[552] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[553] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.LI, p. 117. 

[554] Röhricht (1893), 993, p. 261. 

[555] Röhricht (1893), 988, p. 260. 

[556] Röhricht (1893), 217, p. 55. 

[557] Röhricht (1893), 193, p. 47. 

[558] Röhricht (1893), 217, p. 54. 

[559] Röhricht (1893), 218, p. 56. 

[560] Röhricht (1893), 993, p. 261. 

[561] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCCXXXVIII, p. 101. 

[562] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 61. 

[563] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 75.  . 

[564] Röhricht (1893), 800, p. 213.