untitled ENGLISH NOBILITY P - S

v2.3 Updated 22 March 2013

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 3

Chapter 1.                PANTULF. 3

Chapter 2.                PAYNELL. 11

A.         PAYNELL FAMILIES of MOÛTIERS-HUBERT (NORMANDY), DRAX and HOOTON (YORKSHIRE) 11

B.         PAYNELL FAMILIES of HAMBYE.. 18

C.        PAYNELL FAMILIES of DUDLEY (WORCESTERSHIRE) 20

D.        PAYNELL FAMILIES of BAMPTON (DEVONSHIRE) 23

E.         OTHER PAYNELL FAMILIES.. 27

Chapter 3.                PECCHE. 29

Chapter 4.                PEVEREL. 35

A.         PEVEREL FAMILIES of HATFIELD, ESSEX and NOTTINGHAM.. 35

B.         PEVEREL FAMILIES of DOVER and BOURN, CAMBRIDGESHIRE.. 39

C.        PEVEREL FAMILIES of DORSET and SOMERSET. 46

D.        PEVEREL FAMILIES of SANFORD, DEVONSHIRE.. 47

Chapter 5.                PICOT. 49

Chapter 6.                PINKENEY. 53

Chapter 7.                POMERAI 60

Chapter 8.                PONT-de-l´ARCHE. 64

Chapter 9.                PORT and ST JOHN. 67

Chapter 10.              RIDEL. 75

A.         RIDEL. 76

B.         RIDEL (BASSET) 77

Chapter 11.              RIE. 79

Chapter 12.              RIVERS. 87

Chapter 13.              ROLLOS. 89

Chapter 14.              ROS. 90

A.         ROS of HELMSLEY.. 91

B.         ROS of KENT. 99

Chapter 15.              RUMILLY. 100

Chapter 16.              SAINT-AMAND. 102

Chapter 17.              SAINT-CLAIR. 105

Chapter 18.              SAINT-HILAIRE. 108

Chapter 19.              SAINT-MARTIN. 111

Chapter 20.              SAINT-MEDARD. 113

Chapter 21.              SAY. 115

A.         SAY.. 115

B.         SAY FAMILY of CLUN, SHROPSHIRE.. 122

C.        SAY (FITZHUGH) 123

Chapter 22.              SCROPE. 126

Chapter 23.              SOMERY. 133

Chapter 24.              STUTEVILLE (ESTOUTEVILLE) 146

Chapter 25.              SUDELEY. 158

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

This document sets out English noble families in the post-conquest period who were granted no title of nobility, at least not before the late 13th century, whose names start with the letters P to S.  It represents a selection of these families, chosen only because they were the ones for whom records were found in the primary sources so far consulted.  The scope of this document is being expanded as further sources are studied.  It should be emphasised that the reconstructions in this document do not generally include outlines from secondary sources.  The objective is to expand the reconstructions based only on primary sources, to avoid perpetuating errors. 

 

Please see the introduction to the document UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY A - C for more general background information on these families. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    PANTULF

 

 

[PANTULF] .  The name of William Pantulf´s father is not known.  However, in light of other examples of Norman families (including Corbet, Picot), it is possible that he was named Pantulf, which was then adopted as a family name by his descendants. 

m BEATRIX, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records that "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" donated "terram quam Beatrix mater eius in dominio habebat apud Fossas" to "S. Petro"[1]

[Pantulf] & his wife had two children: 

1.         WILLIAM [I] Pantulf (-16 Apr, after 1112, bur Noron Saint-Pierre).  Orderic Vitalis records "Guillelmum cognomento Pantulfum et Picodum atque Corbatum, filiosque eius Rogerium et Rodbertum" as vassals of Roger de Montgommery in Shropshire, dated to [1071] from the context[2].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" donated "ecclesias de Norun" to "S. Ebrulfo", with the consent of "Rogerio comite domino suo", in 1073, and donated "terram quam Beatrix mater eius in dominio habebat apud Fossas" to "S. Petro"[3].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Willelmum Pantol et Rodbertum de Cordaio nepotem suum" accompanied "Rodbertus…abbas, frater Hugonis de Grentemaisnilio" to Apulia in 1077[4].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Willelmo Pantol", after his return from Apulia, was accused of involvement in the murder of "Mabilia comitissa" [wife of Roger de Montgommery] by "militis Hugonis de Jalgeio" and had his lands confiscated by Roger de Montgommery[5].  Domesday Book records “William Pantulf” holding Wolverley, Great Wytheford, Horton, Wem and many other places in Shropshire[6].  Orderic Vitalis records a second journey to Apulia made by "Willelmus" after the death of William I King of England, after which he donated "unum manerium in Anglia…Traditona" [Trotton, Sussex] to "ecclesia B. Petri"[7].  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112, shortly before he died[8].  Orderic Vitalis records a second journey to Apulia made by "Willelmus" after the death of William I King of England, after which he donated "unum manerium in Anglia…Traditona" [Trotton, Sussex] to "ecclesia B. Petri"[9].  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112[10].  Orderic Vitalis records the death "XVI Kal Mai" of "Guillelmo Pantulfo"[11]m LESCELINE, daughter of --- (-21 Sep, after 1112, bur Noron Saint-Pierre).  Her marriage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records the donations made by "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" and later refers to "Willelmus et Leelina uxor eius"[12].  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112[13].  Orderic Vitalis records the death "XI Kal Oct" of "Guillelmo Pantulfo…Leelina uxor eius"[14].  William [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)         PHILIP Pantulf .  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112, commenting that Philip inherited his father´s patrimony "in Normannia"[15].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Philippus et Robertus ac Ivo et Arnulfus, filii eorum" had not increased the donations of their parents since they died[16]

b)         ROBERT Pantulf (-after 1130).  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112, commenting that "filii eius…Rodbertus" inherited his father´s property "in Anglia"[17].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Philippus et Robertus ac Ivo et Arnulfus, filii eorum" had not increased the donations of their parents since they died[18].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Hugo Malbaeng" accounting "pro placito Duelli inter eum et Robertum Pantulf"[19]m ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [IVO Pantulf (-after [1175/76]).  Eyton records that Robert had a son named Ivo, ancestor of the later Pantulf family, but he does not cite the primary source on which the information is based[20].  Ivo´s date of death indicates that he was not the same person as Ivo, son of William Pantulf.] 

-         see below

ii)         [ALEXANDER Pantulf (-after [1175/76]).  "Ivo Pantul" donated "terram…Hida…ad manerium Hales" to Haughmond abbey, with the consent of "Willielmi filii Alani", by undated charter (dated to [1175/76]) witnessed by "Ivone capellano, Alexandro fratre meo, Waltero Meverello, Radulpho Diablo"[21].] 

c)         IVO Pantulf Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112[22].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Philippus et Robertus ac Ivo et Arnulfus, filii eorum" had not increased the donations of their parents since they died[23]

d)         ARNULF Pantulf .  Orderic Vitalis records that "idem Guillelmus" made another donation to "ecclesia B. Petri", with the consent of "Leelina uxore sua…tres filii eorum Philippus et Ivo et Arnulfus", in 1112[24].  Orderic Vitalis records that "Philippus et Robertus ac Ivo et Arnulfus, filii eorum" had not increased the donations of their parents since they died[25]

2.         HELVISE .  Her parentage is confirmed by Orderic Vitalis who records the donations made by "Guillelmus miles cognomento Pantol" and also that "Helvis soror eiusdem Guillelmi" donated "totum mariagium suum de Alberi-Vico" to "S. Petro"[26]same person as…?  daughter .  Assuming that "nepotem" in the passage from Orderic Vitalis, quoted below, indicates nephew, it is likely that Robert de Cordai was the son of a sister of William Pantulf.  If that is correct, it is also possible that he was the son of William´s sister Helvise, who is the only sibling mentioned in the same source.  m --- de Cordai, son of ---.  One child: 

a)         ROBERT de Cordai (-after 1077).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Willelmum Pantol et Rodbertum de Cordaio nepotem suum" accompanied "Rodbertus…abbas, frater Hugonis de Grentemaisnilio" to Apulia in 1077[27]

 

 

IVO Pantulf, son of [ROBERT Pantulf & his wife ---] (-after [1175/76]).  Eyton records that Robert had a son named Ivo, ancestor of the later Pantulf family, but he does not cite the primary source on which the information is based[28].  Ivo´s date of death indicates that he was not the same person as Ivo, son of William Pantulf.  "…Ivo Pantulf…" witnessed the charter dated to [1130] under which "Nicolaus filius Roberti de Stafford et Robertus primogenitus et heres meus" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Wlfadi de Stanis" to Kenilworth priory[29].  A charter of King Henry III dated 4 Apr 1266 records donations to Cumbermere, including the donation of “Clivam” made by “Yvonis Pantulph et Bricii filii sui[30].  "Ivo Pantul" donated "terram…Hida…ad manerium Hales" to Haughmond abbey, with the consent of "Willielmi filii Alani", by undated charter (dated to [1175/76]) witnessed by "Ivone capellano, Alexandro fratre meo, Waltero Meverello, Radulpho Diablo"[31].  The 1175/76 Pipe Roll records "Willelmus Purcel et Gaudefridus de Codewalton homines Yvonis Pantolf" accounting in Staffordshire[32]

[m firstly ---.  No direct confirmation has been found of this supposed first marriage.  However, the charter quoted below which names Ivo´s wife Alice names her two sons, which suggests that Ivo´s oldest son and heir was not her son.]  

m [secondly] ALICE de Verdun, daughter of [NORMAN de Verdun & his wife Lesceline de Clinton].  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd"[33].  Her precise parentage is not known, but both the chronology and the name of her son suggest that Alice was probably the daughter of Norman de Verdun. 

Ivo & his [first] wife had three children: 

1.         HUGH Pantulf (-before 28 Dec 1224).  Eyton records that Hugh Pantulf confirmed his father´s donation to Shrewsbury abbey, with his wife Christiana, by charter dated to the early 13th century, witnessed by "Robert Corbet and his son Robert, Ivo Pantulf…"[34].  Sheriff of Shropshire 1179-1189.  A charter, dated to the end of King Henry II´s reign, records the sale of "terram…de Wogheresforlong et de Dorfaut" (presumably dated to [1176/79]), in the presence of "Hugone Pantun, Hamelino fratre eius, Bricio fratre eius", its later donation to Haughmond abbey and a subsequent dispute, witnessed by "…Hugone Panton tunc vicecomitis…"[35].  "Herveius Bagot" reached agreement with "Thomam de Erdinton", including releasing the latter from marrying "filiæ primogenitæ nostræ Hawisiæ, vel alterius filiæ nostræ, vel tertiæ", with the consent of "dominæ Milisandæ uxoris meæ", by charter dated to [1197], witnessed by "Willelmo filio Alani, Hugone Pantolfe, Roberto Corbet, Johanne Extraneo, Radulfo Basset…William Bagot…"[36]m (before [3 Mar/24 Jun] 1170) CHRISTIANA, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAlan & his [first/second] wife [Christiana ---/Isabel de Say].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by reading several documents together: firstly, under a charter dated [3 Mar/24 Jun] 1170, Henry II King of England authorised deduction from the FitzAlan estates of revenue from the manor of Badminton "which the king had assigned as the marriage portion of William fitz Alan´s daughter"; secondly, Hugh Pantulf donated his rights in the church of Badminton to Lilleshall abbey by charter dated to [1215/18]; thirdly, Hugh Pantulf names his wife "Christiana" in a donation to Shrewsbury abbey[37].  It is assumed that Christiana was William´s daughter by his first marriage because of her name, but this is not beyond all doubt.  Hugh & his wife had five children: 

a)         WILLIAM [V] Pantulf of Wem (-[1232/4 Feb 1233]).  "…William, Alan and Hugh, sons of Hugh Pantulf…" witnessed an undated charter under which Robert Corbet donated tithes to Shrewsbury abbey[38]m (before Jan 1226) HAWISE, daughter of FULF FitzWarin [III] & his first wife Matilda le Vavasour.  The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin names "Hauwyse, qe pus fust dame de Wemme" as the first daughter of "Fouke" and his wife "dame Mahaud de Caus"[39].  William [V] & his wife had two children: 

i)          MATILDA Pantulf (-[1286/92]).  m firstly (before 1243) RALPH Le Botiler, son of --- (-3 Jul 1281).  m secondly as his --- wife, WALTER de Hopton, son of --- (-1305). 

ii)         ELIZABETH Pantulf

b)         IVO Pantulf .  Eyton records that Hugh Pantulf confirmed his father´s donation to Shrewsbury abbey, with his wife Christiana, by charter dated to the early 13th century, witnessed by "Robert Corbet and his son Robert, Ivo Pantulf…"[40]

c)         ALAN Pantulf .  "…William, Alan and Hugh, sons of Hugh Pantulf…" witnessed an undated charter under which Robert Corbet donated tithes to Shrewsbury abbey[41]

d)         HUGH Pantulf .  "…William, Alan and Hugh, sons of Hugh Pantulf…" witnessed an undated charter under which Robert Corbet donated tithes to Shrewsbury abbey[42]

e)         R--- Pantulf (-before 1 Nov 1203).  An order dated 1 Nov 1203 records that King John appointed a new chaplain for "capella nostra de Bruges" previously held by "Ulger et deinde R. fil Hug Pantolf"[43]

2.         HAMELIN Pantulf (-after [1176/79]).  A charter, dated to the end of King Henry II´s reign, records the sale of "terram…de Wogheresforlong et de Dorfaut" (presumably dated to [1176/79]), in the presence of "Hugone Pantun, Hamelino fratre eius, Bricio fratre eius", its later donation to Haughmond abbey and a subsequent dispute, witnessed by "…Hugone Panton tunc vicecomitis…"[44]

3.         BRICE Pantulf (-after [1176/79]).  A charter, dated to the end of King Henry II´s reign, records the sale of "terram…de Wogheresforlong et de Dorfaut" (presumably dated to [1176/79]), in the presence of "Hugone Pantun, Hamelino fratre eius, Bricio fratre eius", its later donation to Haughmond abbey and a subsequent dispute, witnessed by "…Hugone Panton tunc vicecomitis…"[45].  A charter of King Henry III dated 4 Apr 1266 records donations to Cumbermere, including the donation of “Clivam” made by “Yvonis Pantulph et Bricii filii sui[46]

Ivo & his [second] wife had two children: 

4.         WILLIAM [II] Pantulf of Cublesdon and Hales (-after 1166).  "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd" by undated charter[47]

-        see below

5.         NORMAN Pantulf .  "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd" by undated charter[48]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM [III] Pantulf (-after 1183)Domesday Descendants records the marriage of William Pantulf and "Eleanor eldest daughter of Joscelin de Louvain before 1174", and his acquiring Hambledon, Hampshire on the marriage, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[49].  His parentage has not been identified.  “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit” and for the salvation of “mea et Roehais uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “...Roberto de Verdun, Waltero de Canvile, Ada de Aldithelee...Willielmo Pantouf, Radulpho de Biseche, Rogero Bagot, Philippo de Draicote, Milone de Verdun[50]m (before 1174) ELEANOR de Percy, daughter of JOSCELIN de Louvain & his wife Agnes de Percy.  Domesday Descendants records the marriage of William Pantulf and "Eleanor eldest daughter of Joscelin de Louvain before 1174", and his acquiring Hambledon, Hampshire on the marriage, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[51].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   

 

 

WILLIAM [II] Pantulf, son of [IVO Pantulf & his [second] wife Alice de Verdun] (-after 1166).  "Normannus Panton" confirmed to "Ranulpho de Tetesworth" the rights granted by "Alicia de Verdon mater mea, consensu Willi Panton fratis mei" in "villa de Rudierd" by undated charter[52]Domesday Descendants states that William, son of Ivo, was the same person as William who is named in the other sources below, but does not cite the primary source which confirms this affiliation[53].  Hubert Archbishop of Canterbury confirmed donations to Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire made by “Willielmus Pantulf…de Bredun”, and including other donations made by “…Burgæ quondam uxoris Willielmi Pantulf de Bredun”, by undated charter[54].  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[55]

m BURGA [de Stuteville], daughter of [ROBERT [II] d´Estouteville & his second wife Erneburga ---] (-after 1166).  Domesday Descendants names "Burga de Stuteville" as the wife of William Pantulf, but does not cite the primary source which confirms her family origin[56].  If this affiliation is correct, the chronology suggests that Burga was the daughter of Robert [II] d´Estouteville and his second wife, named after her mother.  Hubert Archbishop of Canterbury confirmed donations to Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire made by “Willielmus Pantulf…de Bredun”, and including other donations made by “…Burgæ quondam uxoris Willielmi Pantulf de Bredun”, by undated charter[57].  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[58]

William [II] & his wife had three children: 

1.         WILLIAM [IV] Pantulf of Breedon-on-the-Hill, Leicestershire .  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[59]m JOAN de Goldington, daughter of PETER de Goldington & his wife [Eva ---].  Domesday Descendants names "Joan de Goldington", daughter of Peter de Goldington, as the wife of William Pantulf[60].  William [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ISOLDA Pantulf (-after 1267).  "Isolda q fuit ux Walteri de Baskvill" paid a fine for "dote sua" in Leicestershire, dated 1213[61].  “Isolda Pantulf…in viduitate constitutam” confirmed donations to Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire made by “Willielmi Pantulf avi mei…Burgæ aviæ meæ” by charter dated "die Jovis prox. ante festum sanctæ Margaretæ post mortem Walteri de Baskervile domini mei, anno quo Ricardus de Marisco consecratus fuit in episcopum"[62].  "Isolda Biset" paid a fine for "villa de Magorham…Henr Biset quondam vir suus…habuit" in Wiltshire, dated 9 Dec 1213[63].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1222, by "Almaricus de S. Amando et Isolda uxor eius" against "Ricardum de Cahannes et Sarram uxorem eius" concerning "tercie partis ville de Kideministro…dotem eiusdem Isolde…ad warantum Johannem Biset fratrem et heredem Willelmi [error for Henrici] Bisset quondam viri eiusdem Isolde"[64].  The Complete Peerage states that her son and heir Robert de Tattershall undertook payment of her debts and orders were made in 1223 and 1228 which would normally connote her death, but that in 1267 she was still prosecuting her rights of dower against her grandson Robert de Tattershall[65]m firstly HUGH de Montpinçon, son of ---.  m secondly WALTER de Tattershall, son of ROBERT [de Tattershall] & his wife Isabel --- (-[1199/1200]).  m thirdly WALTER de Baskerville, son of --- (-before Oct 1213).  m fourthly (1213) HENRY Bisset, son of MANASSER Bisset & his wife Alice --- (-1213).  m fifthly AMAURY [I] de Saint-Amand, son of --- (-[Apr/Sep] 1141).

2.         ROGER Pantulf .  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[66]

3.         PHILIP Pantulf .  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[67]

William had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

4.         WILLIAM (-after 1166).  "William Pantulf of Samella, his wife Burga and his three sons William, Roger and Philip" donated "the land of Samella" to Saint-André de Gouffern by charter dated 1166, witnessed by "Willelmus Bastardus filius meus…"[68]. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    PAYNELL

 

 

The early generations of this family have been reconstructed from secondary sources, which appear reliable but do not cite the corresponding primary sources.  The individuals are shown below in square brackets.  The result appears convincing, but should not be taken as the final answer. 

 

 

 

A.      PAYNELL FAMILIES of MOÛTIERS-HUBERT (NORMANDY), DRAX and HOOTON (YORKSHIRE)

 

 

[Two] brothers: 

1.         [WILLIAM Paynell (-[1087]).  Ellis says that "it is all but certain that [Ralph Paynel] was a younger son of the seigneur of Moûtiers-Hubert near Lisieux, and had been with his elder brother William at the battle of Hastings", adding that "William returned to Normandy"[69].  He appears to base this on the Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, which names "Paomiel [which Ellis transcribes as "Painals"] de Moustier-Hubert" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[70], but he cites no source which names William.  Ellis also states that William "died about 1087" but does not cite the primary source on which he bases this statement[71].]  m ---.  The name of William´s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         [WILLIAM Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert (-after [1145]).  Ellis names "William Paynel of Moûtiers-Hubert and Fulk Paynel of Dudley" as the sons of William Paynell Seigneur de Moûtiers-Hubert, without citing the primary sources on which he bases his supposition[72].  On the other hand, Domesday Descendants amalgamates this William Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert with William Paynell of Drax (see below), stating that the daughter of William FitzWimund was his first wife, while Avice de Rumilly was his second wife[73].  More work is needed on the precise pattern of inheritance of the different properties held by the Paynell family before it can be assessed which version may be correct.  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][74].]  m [--- d´Avranches, daughter of WILLIAM FitzWimund d´Avranches & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are shown in the Complete Peerage, presumably because her supposed brother Robert d´Avranches is described as avunculus of her son Fulk Paynell[75], but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.]  William & his wife had four children:   

i)          HUGH Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert (-1180 or before).  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][76].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Hugo Paganellus" with five knights and six knights in his own service[77]m NICOLE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the Complete Peerage, but the primary source on which the information is based has not yet been identified[78].  Hugh & his wife had two children: 

(a)       PIERRE Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert and West Rasen, Lincolnshire (-1184).  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, states that "Peter...Paynel...joined with his parents and brother William in a gift of land to the abbey of St Stephen at Caen" when his father became a monk there, undated, but he does not cite the source reference[79].  He and three generations of his descendants are shown in the Complete Peerage[80]m ---.  The name of Pierre´s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

(1)       HUGH Paynell (-1244).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hugo Paynel" holding 3 knights´ fees "de Draxe" in Yorkshire and 5 in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][81]

(b)       GUILLAUME Paynell .  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy" on the roll dated 1198, states that "Peter...Paynel...joined with his parents and brother William in a gift of land to the abbey of St Stephen at Caen" when his father became a monk there, undated, but he does not cite the source reference[82]

ii)         FULK [I] Paynell of Hambye and Bréhal, Normandy and Drax, Yorkshire (-1182).  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][83].  "…Folqueio Painel…" confirmed the charter dated to [1180/82] under which Henry II King of England confirmed a donation to the abbey of Hambie by "Philippus de Columbariis"[84]

-         PAYNELL of HAMBYE

iii)        THOMAS Paynell .  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][85]

iv)       JEAN Paynell .  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][86]

b)         [FULK Paynell (-after 1129).  Ellis names "William Paynel of Moûtiers-Hubert and Fulk Paynel of Dudley" as the sons of William Paynell Seigneur de Moûtiers-Hubert, without citing the primary sources on which he bases his supposition[87]Domesday Descendants does not specify Fulk´s parentage[88].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Fulco Paenell" in Staffordshire[89].] 

-        PAYNELL of DUDLEY, WORCESTERSHIRE

2.         RALPH Paynell (-after 1088).  Ellis says that "it is all but certain that [Ralph Paynel] was a younger son of the seigneur of Moûtiers-Hubert near Lisieux, and had been with his elder brother William at the battle of Hastings"[90].  He appears to base this on the Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, which names "Paomiel [which Ellis transcribes as "Painals"] de Moustier-Hubert" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[91].  Domesday Book records “Ralph Paynel” holding Stockland, East Quantoxhead, Beggearn Huish, West Bagborough and Newhall in Somerset; Drax and other properties in Yorkshire[92].  He held Irnham, Lincolnshire in Domesday book[93].  Sheriff of Yorkshire 1088[94].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Millingtona et in Hugeth…et…in Howald” by “Radulphus Painel[95].  "Hugh de Beauchamp, Ralph Paganel" witnessed the charter dated to [1094/1100] under which William II King of England granted a market to St Mary of Thorney[96].  [m firstly ---.  This supposed earlier marriage is suggested by the Complete Peerage which states that land held by Ralph Paynell as a Domesday tenant-in-chief, including Drax in Yorkshire, Irnham in Lincolnshire, and manors in Somerset and Devon, passed "to his son William, presumably by an earlier marriage"[97].]  m [secondly] MAUD, daughter of [RICHARD de Surdeval & his wife ---].  The Complete Peerage states that land in Yorkshire, including the manor of Hooton (Paynell), were acquired by Ralph Paynell "through his marriage to Maud, presumed to be daughter of Richard de Surdeval"[98].  Ralph & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Paynell of Drax (-[1147]).  He inherited Drax, Yorkshire and Irnham, Lincolnshire from his father[99].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Paenell" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[100]Willielmus Paganellus” founded Drax priory, Yorkshire by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo Paganello...[101]"…Willelmo Paganello…" witnessed the charter dated to [1142/46] under which "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father[102]m as her second husband, AVICE de Rumilly, widow of WILLIAM de Courcy, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRanulf du Bessin, of Skipton-in-Craven & his wife Cecily de Rumilly (-[1179][103]).  An undated manuscript relating to Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire records that “Avicia de Romely domina de Bescaudeby” married ”Willielmum Paynel”, and had “filium Willielmum de Curci et filiam Aliciam[104].  “Avicia de Romelli” notified her donation to the canons of Drax, for the soul of “Willelmi Paganelli mariti mei”, with the consent of “domini Roberti de Gant et Adelicie filie mee uxoris eiusdem Roberti”, by charter dated to [1147/52], witnessed by “Robertus de Gant et Adelicia Paganella uxor eius et Adelicia soror Roberti de Gant…[105].  She married thirdly (before 1153) Walter de Percy.  William & his wife had one child: 

i)          ALICE Paynell .  An undated manuscript relating to Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire records that “Aviciam de Romely…unicam filiam Aliciam” married ”Roberto de Ganth[106].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   “Avicia de Romelli” notified her donation to the canons of Drax, for the soul of “Willelmi Paganelli mariti mei”, with the consent of “domini Roberti de Gant et Adelicie filie mee uxoris eiusdem Roberti”, by charter dated to [1147/52], witnessed by “Robertus de Gant et Adelicia Paganella uxor eius et Adelicia soror Roberti de Gant…[107].  “R de Gaunt” donated property to Bridlington convent, for the souls of “comitis Gilberti…et…Adeliz uxoris mee et Aviz filie mee” by charter dated to [1156/75][108].  “Robertus de Gaunt et Aeliz Paganella uxor sua et Avicia filia eorum” donated property to the hospital of St John of Jerusalem by charter dated to [1166/77], witnessed by “…Henrico de Gaunt…[109]Robertus de Gant” confirmed that “Willielmus Paganellus” had donated “ecclesiam de Swynamestede...antequam terram possedi cum filia Willielmi Paganelli” to Drax priory by undated charter[110]A charter of King Richard I dated 7 Sep 1189 confirmed donations to Vaudey abbey among which by “Robertus de Gant et Alizia Painell uxor eius[111]m firstly RICHARD de Courcy, son of ROBERT de Courcy & his wife ---.  m secondly as his first wife, ROBERT de Gand, son of WALTER de Gand & his wife Maud de Bretagne (-[1191/92], bur Vaudey Abbey). 

Ralph & his [second] wife had two children: 

b)         JORDAN Paynell of Hooton (-[1147]).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Jordan Paenell" in Yorkshire, Northumberland[112].  He inherited the manor of Hooton (Paynell) in Yorkshire from his mother but died childless[113].  Stephen King of England confirmed the possessions of Bridlington priory, including donations made by "Jordanus Paganel…pro anima Geretrudis uxoris sue" and by "Stephani de Meinill privigni sui", by charter dated to [1135/39][114]m (before [1135/39]) as her second husband, GERTRUDE Fossard, widow of ROBERT de Meinil, daughter of NIGEL Fossard & his wife ---.  Domesday Descendants names "Gertrude Fossard, widow of Robert de Meinil" as the wife of Jordan Paynell, but does not cite the primary source which confirms her marriages and family origin[115].  Stephen King of England confirmed the possessions of Bridlington priory, including donations made by "Jordanus Paganel…pro anima Geretrudis uxoris sue" and by "Stephani de Meinill privigni sui", by charter dated to [1135/39][116]

c)         ALEXANDER Paynell of Hooton (-before [1147/53]).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Eustachius de Greinuilla" against "Priorem S. Trinitatis Ebor" for "ecclesiam de Bertona…aduocacionem", reciting that the land was held by "Willelmi Paynel…Radulfus Paynel qui fundavit ecclesiam…Alexandri Painel filii et heredis ipsius Radulfi…Willelmi filii Alexandri Paynel…Frechesante filie ipsius Willelmi"[117].  He inherited the manor of Hooton (Paynell) in Yorkshire from his brother Jordan[118]m AGNES Fossard, daughter of ROBERT FitzNigel Fossard & his wife Ascelina --- (-after [1147/53]).  “Agnes Fossard, filia Roberti Fossard” donated property to the canons of Nostell, with the consent of “Willelmi Fossardi fratris mei”, by charter dated to [1147/53][119].  Alexander & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM Paynell (-1202).  “Agnes Fossard” donated property to the canons of Nostell by charter dated to [1147/53] which names “Willelmo Painel filio suo[120].  “Willelmus Painel” donated property to the canons of Nostell by charter dated to [1154/81][121].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus Paganellus vii l" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][122].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus Paganell xv l, de novo xx s" in Yorkshire in [1171/72][123].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus Paganellus" paying "vii l x s, xv milites" in Yorkshire[124].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus Paganellus" paying "xv l, xv milites" in Yorkshire[125].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Eustachius de Greinuilla" against "Priorem S. Trinitatis Ebor" for "ecclesiam de Bertona…aduocacionem", reciting that the land was held by "Willelmi Paynel…Radulfus Paynel qui fundavit ecclesiam…Alexandri Painel filii et heredis ipsius Radulfi…Willelmi filii Alexandri Paynel…Frechesante filie ipsius Willelmi"[126]m FRETHESANT, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants names "Frethesant" as the wife of William Paynell, but does not cite the primary source which confirms her marriage[127].  William & his wife had three children: 

(a)       ALEXANDER Paynell (-before his father).  Domesday Descendants records that William Paynell and his wife had a son "Alexander who died in his lifetime", but does not cite the primary source which confirms her marriage[128]

(b)       FRETHESANT (-after 1220).  "Henry de Neufmarché" paid a fine for "having as his wife Frethesenta who was the wife of Geoffrey Luttrell, if she wishes", dated to [1217/18][129].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Frethesanth que fuit uxor [...Galfridi Luterel, filia] Willelmi Paynel", adding that "Henricus de Novo Mercato eam habet", holding land in "Rydal" as well as "filia Isabelle sororis Frethesanth predicte…Eustachius de Greinvill eam habet"[130].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Frethesaunte Paynel uxoris Henrici de Nov Mercato" holding land at Stratford[131].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1220, by "Eustachius de Greinuilla" against "Priorem S. Trinitatis Ebor" for "ecclesiam de Bertona…aduocacionem", reciting that the land was held by "Willelmi Paynel…Radulfus Paynel qui fundavit ecclesiam…Alexandri Painel filii et heredis ipsius Radulfi…Willelmi filii Alexandri Paynel…Frechesante filie ipsius Willelmi"[132]m (before 26 Feb 1204) GEOFFREY Luttrell of Gamston and Bridgeford, Nottinghamshire (-[1216/17]).  m secondly ([Oct 1217/Oct 1218]) HENRY de Neufmarché, son of HENRY de Neufmarché & his wife Denise de Tilly (-1239 or before). 

(c)       ISABEL (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Frethesanth que fuit uxor [...Galfridi Luterel, filia] Willelmi Paynel", adding that "Henricus de Novo Mercato eam habet", holding land in "Rydal" as well as "filia Isabelle sororis Frethesanth predicte…Eustachius de Greinvill eam habet"[133].  m EUSTACE de Grenville, son of ---. 

 

 

Three siblings, parents not identified: 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-after 1205).  "Willelmus Painnell" paid a fine for "saisina de tercia parte ville de Westrasen quem Petrus Painnell frater eius ei dedit" in Lincolnshire, pledging guarantors in Yorkshire, dated 1205[134]

2.         PETER Paynell (-before 1205).  "Willelmus Painnell" paid a fine for "saisina de tercia parte ville de Westrasen quem Petrus Painnell frater eius ei dedit" in Lincolnshire, pledging guarantors in Yorkshire, dated 1205[135]

3.         daughter .  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Robertus de Busci" owing in Yorkshire "pro habenda…maritagio uxoris sue sororis Willelmi Painelli"[136]m ROBERT de Buscy, son of ---. 

 

 

 

B.      PAYNELL FAMILIES of HAMBYE

 

 

FULK [I] Paynell of Hambye and Bréhal, Normandy and Drax, Yorkshire, son of WILLIAM Paynell de Moûtiers-Hubert & his wife [--- d´Avranches] (-1182).  "Villelmus Paganellus" founded the abbey of Hambie, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Hugonis et Fulconis, et Thomæ et Ioannis", by undated charter, dated to [1145][137]Fulco Paganellus” confirmed properties of Drax priory, Yorkshire, with the consent of “Lecellinæ uxoris meæ”, by undated charter[138]"…Folqueio Painel…" confirmed the charter dated to [1180/82] under which Henry II King of England confirmed a donation to the abbey of Hambie by "Philippus de Columbariis"[139].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "feoda Fulkonis Paingnel" paying "xx s…ii milites" in Yorkshire[140]

m LESCELINE de Subligny Dame du Grippon, daughter of HASCULF de Subligny & his wife Denise d´Avranches (-1198 or after).  "Guillelmus…episcopus" confirmed donations to the abbey of Hambie made by "Lescelina de Subligny uxor Fulconis Paganelli", by undated charter, dated to [1145][141].  Her parents are named in the Complete Peerage, but the primary source on which the information is based has not yet been identified[142]

Fulk [I] & his wife had five children: 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-Jun 1184).  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[143].  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus”, witnessed by “Simone comite Northamptoniæ, Isabella comitissa matre eius…Fulcone Paganello, Wilielmo fratre eius…Wilielmo Paganello et Bernardo filio eius…[144]m as her first husband, ELEONORE de Vitré, daughter of ROBERT de Vitré & his wife Emma de Dinan (-20 Jul [1232/33]).  She married secondly Gilbert Crispin Seigneur de Tillières.  She married thirdly William FitzPatrick Earl of Salisbury.  She married fourthly Gilbert de Malesmains

2.         FULK [II] Paynell (-after 25 Jun 1215).  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[145].  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus”, witnessed by “Simone comite Northamptoniæ, Isabella comitissa matre eius…Fulcone Paganello, Wilielmo fratre eius…Wilielmo Paganello et Bernardo filio eius…[146].   King John pardoned "Fulcon Painell" and agreed the marriage between "filium eius Willelmum" and "filia Radi Teysum primogenitam" by charter dated 25 Jun 1215[147]m firstly CECILE Taisson, daughter of JOURDAIN Tesson & his wife Leticie ---.  "Letitia de Sancto Salvatore, qui fui uxor Jordani Tesson" donated property to the abbey of Hambie, witnessed by "Jordano Tesson filio meo, Roberto de Monte acuto milite, Letitia filia mea uxore Fulconis Paganelli"[148]m secondly (after Jun 1187) as her second husband, AGATHA du Hommet, widow of GUILLAUME de Fougères, daughter of [RICHARD du Hommet & his wife Agnes de Say].  Her first marriage and parentage are confirmed by the Chronicon Savigniacensis Monasterii which records the death "XVIII Kal Jul" in 1212 of "Gaufridus dominus Filgeriarum, filius Willelmi et Agathæ, filiæ Willelmi de Humeto"[149].  The primary source which confirms that Richard was her father has not yet been identified, but from a chronological point of view this appears likely to be correct.  Her second marriage is indicated by the charter dated Mar [1230/31] under which “Fulco Paganelli” gave security to Louis IX King of France on behalf of “Radulpho de Filgeriis nepoti meo” relating to “terram suam in Normannia[150].  Fulk [II] & his second wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Paynell .  King John pardoned "Fulcon Painell" and agreed the marriage between "filium eius Willelmum" and "filia Radi Teysum primogenitam" by charter dated 25 Jun 1215[151]m (after 25 Jun 1215) PERNELLE Taisson, daughter of RAOUL Taisson & his wife .  A document dated 27 Jul 1381 in litigation in the Paris parliament records that the oldest of the three daughters of "Raoul Tesson sire de la Roche Tesson, de Tuit, Tury, Fontenay le Marmion" was married "au sire de Hambye"[152].  King John pardoned "Fulcon Painell" and agreed the marriage between "filium eius Willelmum" and "filia Radi Teysum primogenitam" by charter dated 25 Jun 1215[153].  She obtained the fiefs of Percy and Haineville under the inheritance of her father[154]

3.         HASCULF Paynell (-after 1208).  "Hasculf Painel" paid a fine for property "in baillis ballos de insulis Gernes et Geres et aliarum insularum", dated 1208[155]

4.         JOHN PaynellDomesday Descendants names "John and a second William" as the third and fourth sons of Fulk Paynell and his wife, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[156]

5.         WILLIAM PaynellDomesday Descendants names "John and a second William" as the third and fourth sons of Fulk Paynell and his wife, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[157]

 

 

 

C.      PAYNELL FAMILIES of DUDLEY (WORCESTERSHIRE)

 

 

FULK Paynell, son of [WILLIAM Paynell of Moûtiers-Hubert & his wife ---] (-after 1129).  Ellis names "William Paynel of Moûtiers-Hubert and Fulk Paynel of Dudley" as the sons of William Paynell Seigneur de Moûtiers-Hubert, without citing the primary sources on which he bases his supposition[158]Domesday Descendants does not specify his parentage[159].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Fulcoius Paenell" paying half a fine relating to his suit against "Rogerum Parlarium" in Staffordshire[160].  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus[161]

m [BEATRIX, daughter of WILLIAM FitzAnsculf of Dudley & his wife ---].  Domesday Descendants states that Fulk Paynell "acquired the fief of William fitz Ansculf de Picquigny lord of Dudley, Worcestershire, probably by marriage to William´s heiress (?daughter)"[162].  Ellis is more definite, naming "Beatrix, d. and heiress of Will. fitz Ansculph, of Dudley" as the wife of Fulk Paynell, without citing the primary sources on which he bases his supposition[163].  Grazebrook comments that "it has…been suggested, and I think with great probability" that Fulk Paynell acquired the lordship of Dudley "by marriage with Fitz Ansculph´s heiress"[164].  This last quote indicates that the connection is speculative and is not based on any primary source.  Until more information comes to light, this supposed wife of Fulk is shown in square brackets. 

Fulk & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         RALPH Paynell (-before [1160]).  ["…Rad Paganell…" witnessed the charter dated [Jul 1141/Dec 1142] under which Empress Matilda permitted "Milon com Heref" to hold the castle and honour of Abergavenny, from "Bri fil com et Matild de Walengeford uxor sue"[165].  "…Radulfo Paganello…" witnessed the charter dated to [1142/46] under which "M. imperatrix, Henrici regis filia et Anglorum domina et Henricus filius comitis Andegavie" confirmed the rights of "Unfrido de Buhun" in the lands he held on the death of her father[166].  It is not known whether these charters refer to Ralph son of Fulk Paynell.]  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus[167]m ---.  The name of Ralph´s wife is not known.  Ralph & his wife had two children: 

a)         GERVASE Paynell (-before Sep 1194).  “G. Painel”, considering the proposal of “Radulfi Painel patris mei”, founded Dudley priory, for the salvation of “Isabellæ uxoris meæ et Roberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated by Dugdale to "before 1161"), witnessed by "…Radulpho de Sumeri…"[168].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights fees held from "Gervasius Paganellus" in Staffordshire[169].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Gervasius Paganellus i m" in Staffordshire in [1167/68][170].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Gervasius Paganellus" with one knight "de baillia de Basseis" and four knights in his own service[171].  “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, by charter dated 1187 which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus”, witnessed by “Simone comite Northamptoniæ, Isabella comitissa matre eius…Fulcone Paganello, Wilielmo fratre eius…Wilielmo Paganello et Bernardo filio eius…[172].   Baron of Dudley, Worcestershire.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Gervasius Paganellus" paying "lxxix s ii d" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and "xxv l, i milites" in Staffordshire[173].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[174].   The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "de his qui non habent capitales honores…Gervasii Paganelli" paying "xx s" in Oxfordshire and in Buckinghamshire, Bedforshire[175]m (after 1153) as her second husband, ISABELLE de Beaumont, widow of SIMON de Senlis Earl of Huntingdon, daughter of ROBERT de Beaumont Earl of Leicester & his wife Amicie de Gaël .  Robert of Torigny refers to the wife of "Symone comite Huntedoniæ" as "filia Roberti comitis Legecestriæ" but does not name her[176].  Her second marriage is confirmed by charter dated 1187 under which “Gervasius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “uxoris meæ Isabellæ comitissæ de Norhamton”, which names “Fulcodius Paganellus avus meus et Radulfus Paganellus pater meus”, witnessed by “Simone comite Northamptoniæ, Isabella comitissa matre eius[177].  “G. Painel”, considering the proposal of “Radulfi Painel patris mei”, founded Dudley priory, for the salvation of “Isabellæ uxoris meæ et Roberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated by Dugdale to "before 1161")[178].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[179].   Gervase & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT Paynell (-before 1194).  “G. Painel”, considering the proposal of “Radulfi Painel patris mei”, founded Dudley priory, for the salvation of “Isabellæ uxoris meæ et Roberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated by Dugdale to "before 1161")[180].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[181]

b)         HAWISE Paynell (-after 1210).  “Hawys Paganella” confirmed donations to Tykford Priory by "Johannes de Sumeri vir meus" by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo de Sumeri filio meo[182].   Smyth records that Roger paid a fine to marry "Hawisia mother of Raph de Somery" in [1196/97][183].  “Hawis Paynel” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “domini mei Rogeri de Berkele”, for the soul of “Gervasii Paynel fratris mei”, by undated charter[184].   Hawise must have survived her son Ralph [II] de Somery, as shown by a plea in Staffordshire dated 1240 which records that certain land was inherited from "Gervasio Paenel cuidam Hawisie sorori et heredi", and passed from her to her grandsons: "…de iste Radulpho cuidam Willelmi et fratri et heredi, et de Willelmo cuidam Nicholao…filii et heredi, et de Nicholao isti Rogero ut avunculo quia non habuit heredem de corpore sua"[185]m firstly JOHN de Somery, son of --- (-[1191/92]).  m secondly ([1196/97]) ROGER de Berkeley, son of NICHOLAS de Berkeley & his wife Alice [de Teckenham] (-1230). 

2.         [AGNES Paynell (-18 Nov, after 1155).  The manuscript history of the Bruce family of Carleton records that “primus Brus de Carleton…Robertus de Brus” married “Agnetam filiam Fulconis Paynell” and received “manerium de Carleton” from his father-in-law[186].  The primary source which confirms that Agnes´s father was Fulk Paynell of Staffordshire has not yet been identified.  “Robertus de Brus…Agnes uxor mea, filiusque noster Adam de Brus” donated property to Middlesburgh priory by undated charter[187].  “Robertus de Brus…et Agnes uxor mea et Adam filius noster” founded Gisburne Priory, Yorkshire by undated charter[188].  The 1155 Pipe Roll records "Agnes de Bruis…p filio suo"[189].  A charter of King Henry II, dated to [1176/86], confirmed donations to the canons of Gisburne, among which a donation by “Agnetis uxoris Roberti de Brus[190].  The obituary of Gisburne priory records the death “XIV Kal Dec” of "Agnetis Brus uxoris fundatoris nostri"[191]m ROBERT [I] de Brus, son of --- (-11 May 1141, bur Gisburne Priory).] 

 

 

 

D.      PAYNELL FAMILIES of BAMPTON (DEVONSHIRE)

 

 

It is probable that William Paynell who married the heiress of Bampton was another son of Fulk Paynell of Dudley, shown above, but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified. 

 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-before 1166).  m as her first husband, JULIANA de Bampton, daughter of ROBERT de Bampton & his wife Emma ---.  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Willielmi Paganelli et matris meæ Julianæ de Bahantune…”, by undated charter[192]Domesday Descendants records that Juliana married secondly (before 1166) Warin de Aula[193].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         FULK Paynell of Bampton, Devonshire (-1208).  "Fulco Painel" paid a fine for "honore de Banton" in Devonshire, dated 1199[194]

-        see below

b)         WILLIAM Paynell .  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter subscribed by “Willielmo Paganello fratre meo…[195].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[196].  

 

 

FULK Paynell of Bampton, Devonshire, son of WILLIAM Paynell & his wife Juliana de Bampton (-1208).  "Fulco Painel" paid a fine for "honore de Banton" in Devonshire, dated 1199[197].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Folqueius Painel…honoris de Banton" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][198].  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “patris mei Willielmi Paganelli et matris meæ Julianæ de Bahantune et Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed by “Willielmo Paganello fratre meo, Stephano de Bahamtune, Alberto de Bahamtune[199].  “Fulcodius Paganellus” donated property “ecclesiam Hunespill in Brentemares” to Tykford Priory by undated charter, witnessed by “Gervasius Paganellus et uxor eius comitissa Isabella et Robertus Paganellus eorum filius, et Willielmus Paganellus prædicti Fulcodii frater…[200].  

m AUDE, daughter of ---.  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ…”, by undated charter[201]

Fulk & his wife had four children:  

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-before 4 Feb 1228).  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed[202].  “Willielmus Paynel, filius Fulconis Paynell de Bamtone”, with the consent of “Willielmo Briwere et hæredibus suis”,  confirmed the donation of property “totum manerium de Burgh Walteri” to Tykford Priory by “Fulco Paynel pater meus”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Reginaldo de Mohun, Ricardo Briwere[203]m (after 1213) as her second husband, ALICE Briwere, widow of REYNOLD de Mohun of Dunster, Somerset, daughter of WILLIAM Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-after 1234).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[204].  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by a writ dated 2 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of her son "William Paynel alias Painel" which names the manor of "…Huffeculm…with 10 l land which Fulk Painel gave to William Briwer the elder…but afterwards William Brewer the younger…bestowed the said land upon William Painel, father of this one, in free marriage with Alice his sister" in Devon[205].  "William Paynel" assigned "Alice de Mohun his wife and Hugh de Samford" to make part payments of debts "in each of the three years after starting out on his pilgrimage to the Holy Land" with the manor of Bampton as security, dated 27 Sep, although listed in the roll among other fines dated [Feb/Mar] 1228[206].  Henry III King of England ordered the sheriff of Devon to release "dotem suam...Willelmum filium et heredi predicti Willelmi" to "Alicia de Moyun que fuit uxor Willelmi Paynel", and confirmed the custody granted to “Hereberto filio Mathei”, dated 1228[207].  The king granted custody of "the land and heir of William Paynel to Herbert son of Matthew", saving to "Alice who was William´s wife…her…dower", dated 18 Nov 1228[208].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of fees of William Briwere, dated 1234, records "porcio Alicie de Moyun"[209].  William & his wife had three children: 

a)         AUDE ([1209/10]-1261).  A writ dated 2 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "William Paynel alias Painel" names "Lady Auda wife of John de Balun, age variously stated as 30 and more and 40, is his heir"[210].  The document does not specify the relationship between the deceased and his heir, but it appears that she was too old to have been his daughter so was probably his sister.  Aude´s age in this document is inconsistent with the marriage date of her supposed parents as shown above, but may have been exaggerated.  m JOHN de Ballon, son of JOHN de Ballon & his first wife --- (-1275). 

b)         MILICENT Paynell (-before 1249)The Complete Peerage states that Herbert FitzMatthew married “Milicent da. and coh. of William Paynel of Bampton, Devon” but does not cite the corresponding primary source[211].  An indication of the connection between the two families is provided by the order dated 4 Feb 1228 under which Henry III King of England granted "custodiam terre et heredis Willelmi Paynel" to "Hereberto filio Mathey" and ordered the sheriff of Devon to release them to him[212].  She must have died childless before 1249 when an inquisitions after her brother´s death name his sister Aude as his heir. m HERBERT FitzMatthew, son of MATTHEW FitzHerbert & his wife Joan Patric (-3 or 5 Feb 1245). 

c)         WILLIAM Paynell (-before 2 Jan 1249).  Henry III King of England granted "custodiam terre et heredis Willelmi Paynel" to "Hereberto filio Mathey" and ordered the sheriff of Devon to release them to him, 4 Feb 1228[213].  Henry III King of England ordered the sheriff of Devon to release "dotem suam...Willelmum filium et heredi predicti Willelmi" to "Alicia de Moyun que fuit uxor Willelmi Paynel", and confirmed the custody granted to “Hereberto filio Mathei”, dated 1228[214].  The king granted custody of "the land and heir of William Paynel to Herbert son of Matthew", saving to "Alice who was William´s wife…her…dower", dated 18 Nov 1228[215].  A writ dated 2 Jan "33 Hen III", after the death of "William Paynel alias Painel" names "Lady Auda wife of John de Balun, age variously stated as 30 and more and 40, is his heir" and the manors of "Baunton which he gave to John de Hockeford 15 days before he died, Huffeculm…with 10 l land which Fulk Painel gave to William Briwer the elder…but afterwards William Brewer the younger…bestowed the said land upon William Painel, father of this one, in free marriage with Alice his sister" in Devon[216]

2.         FULK Paynell .  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed[217]

3.         JULIANA Paynell .  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed[218]

4.         CHRISTIANA Paynell .  “Fulcodius Paganellus de Bahantune” donated property to Tykford Priory, for the souls of “…Aldæ uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Willielmi et Fulcodii, filiarumque mearum Julianæ et Christianeæ”, by undated charter subscribed[219]

 

 

 

E.      OTHER PAYNELL FAMILIES

 

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell .  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Longues, including the donation of "medietatem ecclesie de Ria" made by "Willelmi Paienelli et Alienoris uxoris sue", by charter dated to [1185/89][220]m ELEANOR, daughter of ---.  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Longues, including the donation of "medietatem ecclesie de Ria" made by "Willelmi Paienelli et Alienoris uxoris sue", by charter dated to [1185/89][221].  This donation suggests that Eleanor was a member of the Rie family. 

 

2.         WILLIAM Paynell, son of --- .  This William Paynell has not yet been identified.  m --- de Munchensy, daughter of WARIN de Munchensy & his wife Agnes ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “Holkham” held by “Agnes de Muntchenesy…lx annorum…filia Pagani filii Johannis”, adding that she had “iii filios primogenitus…Radulphus et secundus Willelmus…ambo milites, tertius…Hubertus…clericus…[et] ii filias…una nupta Stephano de Glanville et altera Willemo Painel[222]

 

 

Two brothers and [one sister], parents not known: 

1.         JORDAN Paynell .  "Walter de Gaunt" founded Bridlington priory, with the assent of Henry I King of England, by undated charter, witnessed by "…Jordan Paganel…"[223].  "W. de Gaunt" donated land at Besingby to Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Jordan Painel, Hugh his brother, W. de Mundevill his nepote…"[224].  "Jordan Paynel" notified the donation by "Jertrudis my wife" to Bridlington priory of land in Bridlington "of her dower which Robert de Masinlio her former husband had given her", with the permission of "Stephen her son and heir", by undated charter[225].  The following charter in the compilation records the donation of "Stephen de Menyl", presumably Jordan´s stepson named in the earlier document, dated 1267, which suggests that the former charter should be dated to [1240/60].  However, this dating is incorrect, as shown by the charter of Henry I King of England under which he confirmed donations to Bridlington priory, including by “Jordan Paganl” for the soul of “Geretrud his wife” and the grant of "Stephen de Maynil his stepson"[226]m as her second husband, GERTRUDE, widow of ROBERT de Meynill, daughter of ---.  "Jordan Paynel" notified the donation by "Jertrudis my wife" to Bridlington priory of land in Bridlington "of her dower which Robert de Masinlio her former husband had given her", with the permission of "Stephen her son and heir", by undated charter[227].  Henry I King of England confirmed donations to Bridlington priory, including by “Jordan Paganl” for the soul of “Geretrud his wife” and the grant of "Stephen de Maynil his stepson", by undated charter[228]

2.         HUGH Paynell .  "W. de Gaunt" donated land at Besingby to Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Jordan Painel, Hugh his brother, W. de Mundevill his nepote…"[229]

3.         [BEATRIX Paynell (-11 Nov ----).  Her parentage and marriage are assumed from the undated charter under which "W. de Gaunt" donated land at Besingby to Bridlington priory, witnessed by "…Jordan Painel, Hugh his brother, W. de Mundevill his nepote…"[230].  “Walterus de Amundevill…et mater mea Beatrix” founded Ellesham Prioryby charter dated to before 1166 witnessed by “Willielmo, Elia, Radulfo, Adam de Amundevilla fratribus meis…Willielmo de Amundevilla…[231].  The obituary of Lincoln Cathedral records the death “III Id Nov” of “Beatrix uxor Goslani dapiferi[232].  This is the only source so far identified which indicates the name of Beatrix´s husband.  m JOSCELIN de Amundeville, son of --- (-5 Apr ----).] 

 

 

1.         ADAM Paynell (-after [Mar] 1216).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Adam Paganellus" paying "xx s, i militem" in Lincolnshire[233].  "Adam Paynel" paid a fine for the liberation of "Adam nepotem suum" as hostage, dated [Mar] 1216[234]m ---.  The name of Adam´s wife is not known.  Adam & his wife had one child: 

a)         --- Paynellm ---.  One child: 

i)          ADAM (-after [Mar] 1216).  "Adam Paynel" paid a fine for the liberation of "Adam nepotem suum" as hostage, dated [Mar] 1216[235]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Paynell (-after 25 Aug 1227).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Willelmus Pahienel pro hereditate que fuit uxoris sue iv milites" among the tenants of the honour of Wallingford[236].  "William Paynel and Sara his wife" donated property "in Watlinton" to Oseney abbey dated 25 Aug 1227[237]m SARAH, daughter of --- (-after 25 Aug 1227).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which names "Willelmus Pahienel pro hereditate que fuit uxoris sue iv milites" among the tenants of the honour of Wallingford[238].  "William Paynel and Sara his wife" donated property "in Watlinton" to Oseney abbey dated 25 Aug 1227[239].  

 

2.         RALPH Paynell .  “Jord Foliot Isold de Gray et Rad Paynel” swore homage for the lands of “Robti Bardulf avunculi sui”, and accepted security from “Robto Lupo loco Matild Bardulf matris sue que est una herederum predicti Roberti”, dated 1 Jul 1225[240].  Ralph Paynell was presumably the son of one of the sisters of Robert Bardulf. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    PECCHE

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Pecche (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records “William Pecche” holding Gestingthorpe of Richard FitzGilbert [de Clare] in Essex[241].  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Willelmo Peche", dated 17 Jun 1088, naming "uxor…eius quam hodie habet…Alfwen"[242].  A charter dated 28 May 1228 of "Hamo Pecche" names "Willelmus pater ipsius Hamonis…et Elwina uxor sua"[243]m firstly ---.  The wording of the Chronicon Rameseiensis which records the donations made by "Willelmo Peche" and names "uxor…eius quam hodie habet…Alfwen" suggests strongly that William was married previously[244]m secondly ÆLFWIN, daughter of ---.  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Willelmo Peche", dated 17 Jun 1088, naming "uxor…eius quam hodie habet…Alfwen"[245].  A charter dated 28 May 1228 of "Hamo Pecche" names "Willelmus pater ipsius Hamonis…et Elwina uxor sua"[246]m thirdly ISILIA, daughter of --- & his wife Jenita ---.  Hamo Pecche confirmed the donations to St Edmund´s abbey by his grandmother Jenita and his mother Isilia by charter dated to [1121/48], witnessed by Isilia[247].  William & his third wife had two children: 

a)         HAMO Pecche of Great Bealings, Suffolk (-[29 Sep 1178/29 Sep 1185]).  Hamo Pecche confirmed the donations to St Edmund´s abbey by his grandmother Jenita and his mother Isilia by charter dated to [1121/48], witnessed by Isilia[248].  A Ramsey charter dated 28 May 1228 of "Hamo Pecche" names "Willelmus pater ipsius Hamonis…et Elwina uxor sua"[249].  "Hamo Peeche and his wife and their son Geoffrey" donated a third part of Crugelton and Slepe to Shrewsbury abbey by charter dated to [1161/72][250].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Hamo Peccatum" held three knights´ fees from the bishop of Ely in Suffolk, and also records the knights´ fees held from "Hamo Peccatum" in Cambridgeshire[251].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Hamo Peccatum xii l xiii s v d" in Cambridgeshire in [1167/68][252]m ALICE Peverel, daughter of ROBERT Peverel & his wife Adelicia --- (-after 29 Sep 1188).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Alice married “Hamonis Feche senioris” by whom she had “filii et filiæ, primogenitus…Gilbertus Pecche primus et secundus…Gaufridus Pecche” and lists their descendants[253].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Aelicia" as one of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, the text indicating that she was the oldest of the surviving sisters, adding that she married "Hamonis Peche senioris" by whom she had "filii et filie"[254].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus Paverel" gave two knights´ fees "in franco maritagio…cum sorore sua" to "Hamo Peccatum" in Suffolk[255], and by the undated charter under which "Gilbertus Peccatum" confirmed donations of land "in Harcalua" held by "Matildis de Dovre amita mea"[256].  Hamo & his wife had three children: 

i)          GEOFFREY Pecche (-before 29 Sep 1188).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus Peche primus…secundus…Galfridus Pecche" as the sons of "Hamonis Peche senioris" and his wife, adding that Geoffrey donated "ecclesiam de Harlestone" to Barnwell priory[257].  A charter dated 28 May 1228, which records that "Hamo Pecche" requested land of "Gilbertus Pecche pater suus" from the abbot of Ramsey, and that "Hamo Pecche avus suus" had "duos filios…Gilbertum […post nato] et Galfridum", indicates that Geoffrey was the older son[258].  "Hamo Peeche and his wife and their son Geoffrey" donated a third part of Crugelton and Slepe to Shrewsbury abbey by charter dated to [1161/72][259]m as her second husband, ---, widow of RICHARD de Colechirche, daughter of ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records that “Gaufridus Pecche” married “Ricardus de Coleka…uxorem suam[260]

ii)         GILBERT Pecche (-before 9 Jul 1212).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus Peche primus…secundus…Galfridus Pecche" as the sons of "Hamonis Peche senioris" and his wife[261].  A charter dated 28 May 1228, which records that "Hamo Pecche" requested land of "Gilbertus Pecche pater suus" from the abbot of Ramsey, and that "Hamo Pecche avus suus" had "duos filios…Gilbertum […post nato] et Galfridum", indicates that Gilbert was the younger son[262]

-         see below

iii)        MATILDA Pecche ([1134/36]-after 1185).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Hamo Peccatum" gave two knights´ fees in Suffolk, which came to his wife as dowry, to "Baldewini de Rovecestria cum filia mea in maritagio"[263].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Haselingfeld” held by “Matillis Pecche que fuit filia Hamonis Pecche…XI infants de tribus maritus…L annorum” and "Radulfus de Rovecestria…heres eius"[264].  The names of her second and third husbands are not known.  m firstly BALDWIN de Rochester, son of ---.  m secondly ---.  m thirdly ---.  Matilda & her first husband had one child: 

(a)       RALPH de Rochester (-after 1186).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Haselingfeld” held by “Matillis Pecche que fuit filia Hamonis Pecche…XI infants de tribus maritus…L annorum” and "Radulfus de Rovecestria…heres eius"[265]

Matilda & her [first/second/third] husbands had ten children: 

(b)       ten other children.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Haselingfeld” held by “Matillis Pecche que fuit filia Hamonis Pecche…XI infants de tribus maritus…L annorum” and "Radulfus de Rovecestria…heres eius"[266]

b)         BASILIA Pecche (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Basilia soror mea" held one knight´s fee in "Marcelay" [Martley] from "Hamo Peccatum" in Suffolk[267]

 

 

1.         SIMON Pecche (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Simone Peche" paying for "quartam partem militem" in Essex, Herefordshire[268].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Simon Peche" paying "v s, quartam partem militis" in Essex, Hertfordshire[269]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         NICHOLAS Pecche (-after 1204).  "Nicol Pecche" paid a fine for "Johannes filius Hugonis hat custodia Rad Pecche fratris predicti Nicol" in Berkshire, dated 1204[270]

2.         RALPH Pecche (-after 1204).  "Nicol Pecche" paid a fine for "Johannes filius Hugonis hat custodia Rad Pecche fratris predicti Nicol" in Berkshire, dated 1204[271]

 

 

GILBERT Pecche, son of HAMO Pecche & his wife Alice Peverel (-before 9 Jul 1212).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus Peche primus…secundus…Galfridus Pecche" as the sons of "Hamonis Peche senioris" and his wife[272].  A charter dated 28 May 1228, which records that "Hamo Pecche" requested land of "Gilbertus Pecche pater suus" from the abbot of Ramsey, and that "Hamo Pecche avus suus" had "duos filios…Gilbertum […post nato] et Galfridum", indicates that Gilbert was the younger son[273].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Gilbertus Peccatum" paying "ix l x s x d" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire and "feoda Gilberti Peccatum" paying "xl s, iv milites" in Norfolk, Suffolk[274].  "Gillb Peche" and Ramsey abbey are named in a lawsuit at Westminster in 1194[275].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Gilbertus Peche" paying "xix l xx d…[et] ii m et dimidiam de honore de Brunne" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire[276].  "Gilbt Pecche" paid a fine for "manerii de Chavel", dated 1199[277].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Gilbertus Peccatum" holding two knights´ fees in Kent, and four in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire "in Ramptone, Herlestone, Madinglega, Lellewarthe, Cotenham et Baintone", together with 17 others in the same counties, in [1210/12][278]

m ALICE FitzWalter, daughter of WALTER FitzRobert Lord of Dunmow, Essex & his first wife Matilda de Lucy (-after 1213).  An order dated 21 Jul 1213 records that "Alic Pechie" gave "Aliciam filiam suam" as a hostage when "Roberti filii Walteri fratris sui" was freed[279]

Gilbert & his wife had two children: 

1.         HAMO Pecche (-Palestine 1241, bur Barnwell).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Hamon Pecche" as son of "Gilberto"[280].  A charter dated 28 May 1228 records that "Hamo Pecche" requested land of "Gilbertus Pecche pater suus" from the abbot of Ramsey, and that "Hamo Pecche avus suus" had "duos filios…Gilbertum […post nato] et Galfridum" and names "Willelmus pater ipsius Hamonis…et Elwina uxor sua"[281].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Hamon Pecche" died "in terra sancta" and buried at Barnwell[282]m EVA, daughter of --- (-8 Jan [after 1241], bur Barnwell).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Hamon Pecche", son of "Gilberto", married "Euam, de partibus transmarinis oriundam" (without further specifying her place of origin)[283].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Eua senex" was buried at Barnwell, the wording suggesting that she outlived her husband[284].  A later passage in the same source records that she died "tercio die post Epiphaniam" and was buried next to her husband by three of her sons who tried to hide her will[285].  Hamo & his wife had six children:  

a)         GILBERT Pecche (-25 May 1291).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus primogenitus, Hamon, Hugo, Robertus, Thomas et Willelmus" as the children of "Hamon Pecche" and his wife[286].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records the death 25 May 1291 of "Gilbertus Pecche"[287]m firstly MATILDA de Hastings, daughter of [HENRY de Hastings & his wife Ada of Huntingdon] (-London [1264/65], bur Sainte-Marie ---).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Matildis de Hastinges" as the first wife of "dominus Gilbertus Pecche", adding that she died in London and was buried "in ecclesia canonicorum beate Marie ultra aquam" as burial in England was not possible because of "perturbacionem que tunc erat" (suggesting her death in [1264/65][288].  The Complete Peerage suggests that she was one of the three (unnamed) unmarried daughters of Henry de Hastings who are mentioned as living on Henry´s death in 1250[289]m secondly as her second husband, JOAN de Grey, widow of RICHARD de Dover Lord of Chilham, Kent, daughter of SIMON de Grey & his wife ---.  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "filiam domini Symonis de Creye…Johanna" as the second wife of "dominus Gilbertus Pecche", adding that she had "filios et filias"[290].  Gilbert & his first wife had two children: 

i)          JOHN Pecche (-killed 1274).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Johannem…Pecche primogenitum et Eadmundum fratrem suum" as the children of "dominus Gilbertus Pecche"[291]

ii)         EDMUND Pecche .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Johannem…Pecche primogenitum et Eadmundum fratrem suum" as the children of "dominus Gilbertus Pecche"[292]

Gilbert & his second wife had one child: 

iii)        GILBERT Pecche (-before 26 Jun 1322).  He was summoned to Parliament from 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Pecche.  m ISEULT, daughter of ---. 

-         LORDS PECCHE (of Bourn)[293]

b)         HAMO Pecche .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus primogenitus, Hamon, Hugo, Robertus, Thomas et Willelmus" as the children of "Hamon Pecche" and his wife, adding that Hamo was "clericus ecclesiis"[294].  

c)         HUGH Pecche .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus primogenitus, Hamon, Hugo, Robertus, Thomas et Willelmus" as the children of "Hamon Pecche" and his wife[295]m as her second husband, IDA Hastings, widow of STEPHEN de Segrave, daughter of WILLIAM de Hastings & his first wife Margery Bigod of Norfolk (-before 2 Mar 1289, bur London, Church of the Grey Friars). 

d)         ROBERT Pecche .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus primogenitus, Hamon, Hugo, Robertus, Thomas et Willelmus" as the children of "Hamon Pecche" and his wife[296]

e)         THOMAS Pecche .  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus primogenitus, Hamon, Hugo, Robertus, Thomas et Willelmus" as the children of "Hamon Pecche" and his wife[297]

f)          WILLIAM Pecche (-bur Barnwell).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Gilbertus primogenitus, Hamon, Hugo, Robertus, Thomas et Willelmus" as the children of "Hamon Pecche" and his wife, adding that William was buried at Barnwell[298]

2.         ALICE Pecche (-after 21 Jul 1213).  An order dated 21 Jul 1213 records that "Alic Pechie" gave "Aliciam filiam suam" as a hostage when "Roberti filii Walteri fratris sui" was freed[299]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    PEVEREL

 

 

 

A.      PEVEREL FAMILIES of HATFIELD, ESSEX and NOTTINGHAM

 

 

1.         RANULF Peverel of Hatfield, Essex (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Ranulph Peverel” holding Ewelme in Oxfordshire; numerous properties in Essex[300]m [INGELRICA, daughter of INGELRIC & his wife ---] (-[1100]).  Dugdale records that Ingelrica, wife of Ranulf Peverell "who had been mistress to King William the Conqueroris stated to have founded…in the time of King William Rufus a college of secular canons dedicated to St Mary Magdalen" at Hatfield Peverell which she entered and stayed until her death "about the year 1100"[301].  He does not reproduce the primary source which provides the basis for this information.  Eyton says that, according to Dugdale, her relationship with William (then Duke of Normandy) predated her marriage and that Duke William was the father of her son William Peverel[302].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Ranulf & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM Peverel (-28 Jan 1114).  Orderic Vitalis records that William I King of England gave custody of Nottingham castle to William Peverel when it was built in 1068[303].  Domesday Book records “William Peverel” holding properties in Buckinghamshire; numerous properties in Northamptonshire; several properties in Derbyshire; numerous properties in Nottinghamshire[304].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Rudstan” by “Willielmus de Peverel[305].  “…Willelmo Peverello…” witnessed the charter dated Sep 1093 under which William II King of England donated property to Lincoln cathedral[306].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of the church of Lenton to Cluny, by charter dated to [1103/14], which records “Willelmo Peverello cum uxore sua Adaleida et filio suo Willelmo” as founders of the church and is subscribed by “Mathildis regine, Willelmi Pevrelli de Notingaham, Adeline sue uxoris, Willelmi Pevrelli filii illorum, Ro[berti] comitis Mellentis, Gisleberti de Aquila…Roberti fratris Willelmi Pevrelli, Simonis comitis, Stephani comitis de Alber[307].  “Robertus de Laceio” founded Pontefract Priory, for the soul of “Hylberti patris mei et Hawisiæ matris meæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “W. Peverel…[308].  The Cartulary of the Priory of St James, Northampton records the death “V Kal Feb” of “Willi Peverell fundatoris[309]m ADELINE, daughter of ---.  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of the church of Lenton to Cluny, by charter dated to [1103/14], which records “Willelmo Peverello cum uxore sua Adaleida et filio suo Willelmo” as founders of the church and is subscribed by “… Willelmi Pevrelli de Notingaham, Adeline sue uxoris, Willelmi Pevrelli filii illorum…[310].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Adeline mat[ri Will Peur] de Noting" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire[311].  The Cartulary of the Priory of St James, Northampton records the death “XIV Kal Feb” of “Adelyne uxis ei” (immediately after that of “Willi Peverell fundatoris”)[312].  William & his wife had four children: 

i)          ADELISE ([1075/80]-after 27 May 1156).  "Adeliz de Redveris" donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of "patris mei…Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham…et matris mee Adeline", with the consent of "filiorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de ---…et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Reveris, Henrici atque Willelmi", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Stephanus de Magnevilla…Willelmus Avenel…"[313].  Her husband´s name is confirmed by another charter under which “Adeliz de Reviers” donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the soul of “domini mei Ricardi de Reviers”, also undated[314].  The chronology of her descendants suggests that she must have been born not later than [1075/80].  "Adeliza de Reviers" wrote to Goscelin Bishop of Salisbury, by charter dated to [1142/55], notifying him of her donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg of property which "her father William Peverel of Nottingham" gave with her to "Richard de Reviers"[315]m RICHARD de Reviers, son of GUILLAUME de Vernon & his wife Emma [de Crépon] (-8 Sep 1107, bur Abbey de Montebourg). 

ii)         WILLIAM Peverel (-1100).  The Cartulary of the Priory of St James, Northampton records the death “XVI Kal Mai 1111” of “Willi filii dci dni Willi Peverell”, another manuscript recording the year as 1100[316].  Assuming that the death date of his father and the estimated birth date range of his sister Adelise are both correct, it is unlikely that 1111 could have been the correct year of William´s death, considering that his parents had another son named William who was presumably born after the older William died. 

iii)        MATILDA Peverel (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Mathildi sorori Willi Peur de Noting" in Northamptonshire[317]

iv)       WILLIAM Peverel ([1100/05]-after 1155).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of the church of Lenton to Cluny, by charter dated to [1103/14], which records “Willelmo Peverello cum uxore sua Adaleida et filio suo Willelmo” as founders of the church and is subscribed by “… Willelmi Pevrelli de Notingaham, Adeline sue uxoris, Willelmi Pevrelli filii illorum…[318].  Considering the likely estimated birth date of William´s sister Adelise, it is unlikely that William could have been born much later than the earliest years in the 12th century.  This therefore suggests that “Willelmi Pevrelli filii illorum” in the charter dated to [1103/14] could not refer to the older brother of this William Peverel junior, whose death is recorded elsewhere (see above).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Peur de Noting" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire in respect of "Forest"[319].  King Stephen named “Willielmo Peverello juniori cum uxore sua Oddona et filio suo Henrico” in his charter relating to Lenton Priory[320].  Ralph de Diceto records that "Willelmus Peverel de Notingeham" was disinherited in 1155 for poisoning "Ranulfo comiti Cestriæ"[321].  The 1156 Pipe Roll records "Willi Peurelli de Notingen" in Nottinghamshire, with a revenue of ₤175, and the 1157 Pipe Roll "Willi Peurelli" in Nottinghamshire[322].  In 1155, Henry II King of England confiscated the properties of William Peverel, who retired to a monastery[323]m firstly ODDONA, daughter of ---.  King Stephen named “Willielmo Peverello juniori cum uxore sua Oddona et filio suo Henrico” in his charter relating to Lenton Priory[324]m secondly ([1140/45]) [as her first husband,] AVISE de Lancaster, daughter of --- (-after 1149).  “Avisia de Lancastria, uxor Willielmi Peverel” donated property to Derley Priory by undated charter[325].  The Complete Peerage which speculates that the wife of William Peverel was Hawise, daughter of Roger de Montgommery Lord of Lancaster & his wife Almodis Ctss de la Marche[326].  This is not an ideal fit.  Her supposed father Roger was banished from England in 1102 and retired to La Marche, so it is unclear why Hawise would have been described as “de Lancastria” in a charter which must have been dated about 40 years later.  In any case, the chronology is also unfavourable.  It is unlikely that the wife of Roger de Montgommery, Almodis de la Marche, was born much later than 1070, given the known chronology of her family, which means that her children would have been born before 1110 at the latest.  On the other hand, it is likely that William Peverel´s second marriage should be dated to the early 1140s at the earliest, as his first wife is named in one of the charters of Stephen King of England (who succeeded in 1135).  Such a marriage date is late if his second wife was born in the early 1100s, and impossible assuming that his widow was the same person who married Richard de Morville and had children by him in the late 1150s.  According to Domesday Descendants, she married secondly Richard de Morville (no corresponding primary source cited)[327].  The primary source which confirms that the widow of William Peverel was the same person who remarried Richard de Morville has not yet been identified.  Domesday Descendants states that the wife of Richard de Morville was Havise de Lancaster, daughter of William de Lancaster (no corresponding primary source cited)[328].  As can be seen from the chronology of William de Lancaster´s known wife Gundred de Warenne, this affiliation would only be possible if Hawise had been born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage.  On the other hand, the onomastics are favourable, as each succeeding generation of this "de Lancaster" family included a Hawise de Lancaster.  William & his first wife had [two] children: 

(a)       HENRY Peverel .  King Stephen named “Willielmo Peverello juniori cum uxore sua Oddona et filio suo Henrico” in his charter relating to Lenton Priory[329]

(b)       [MARGARET ([1123/26]-).  “Robertus comes de Ferrariis” granted property “in Stebbingis…per Margaretam comitissam uxorem meam” to Morice FitzGeoffrey by charter dated “VI Kal Oct IV anno imperii Regis Stephani” (1139)[330].  Her parentage is suggested by the charter of John King of England which names “Willelmo de Ferrariis comiti” as heir to territories of “Willelmi Peverell[331].  If this parentage is correct, Margaret is unlikely to have been born outside the narrow date range shown above, which would also indicate that her marriage took place only shortly before the date of this charter.  m (before 1139) ROBERT Ferrers Earl [of Derby], son of ROBERT de Ferrers Earl [of Derby] & his wife Hawise --- (-before 1160, bur Merevale Abbey).] 

b)         ROBERT Peverel (-after 1103).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of the church of Lenton to Cluny, by charter dated to [1103/14], which records “Willelmo Peverello cum uxore sua Adaleida et filio suo Willelmo” as founders of the church and is subscribed by “…Roberti fratris Willelmi Pevrelli…[332]

c)         [RANULF Peverel (-after 27 Jan 1091).  "…Ranulfus Peverellis…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Jan 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the status of Bath abbey[333].  Assuming that the dates attributed to William, son of Ranulf Peverel, are correct as shown above, it is unlikely that Ranulf who witnessed this charter was William´s father.  It is assumed therefore that he was another younger brother of William who is unrecorded elsewhere.] 

 

 

1.         HENRY Peverel of Lund .  m ---.  The name of Henry´s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH Peverel of Lund .  “Hugh Peuerel son of Henry Peuerel of Lund” donated land “in the field of Lund and of Edenham, lying upon Foxeberche” to Bridlington Priory by undated charter[334].  “Hugh Peuerel of Lund” donated revenue from Lund, to be received from “Agnes Peuerel the grantor´s sister”, to Bridlington Priory by undated charter[335]

b)         AGNES Peverel .  “Hugh Peuerel of Lund” donated revenue from Lund, to be received from “Agnes Peuerel the grantor´s sister”, to Bridlington Priory by undated charter[336]

 

 

 

B.      PEVEREL FAMILIES of DOVER and BOURN, CAMBRIDGESHIRE

 

 

The connection between the following family sub-group and the Peverel family of Nottingham has not yet been ascertained.  The precise reconstruction of the following family as shown below is approximate and depends on the co-identity of William Peverel of Bourne (named in the Thorney charter) with William Peverel of Dover (named in the Shrewsbury charters). 

 

Four siblings, parent not identified: 

1.         HAMO Peverel of Dover (-1138 or before).  "…Willelmo Peurell Doure et Haimone Peurello et Ricardo Peurello…" witnessed the charter dated 1114 under which Henry I King of England granted the land of Roger de Worcester to Walter de Beauchamp[337].  "Stephanus comes Moritoni" confirmed the donation to Bec Sainte-Marie by "Willelmus Pevrellus de Dovra" with the consent of "fratrum suorum Hamonis et Pagani", by charter dated 1127[338].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Hamoni Peur" exempted in Staffordshire[339].  “Willielmus Peverellus de Douria” donated property “Wlurunton, Einardeseiam, Crugelton” granted to him by “Hamo Peverell patruus meus” to Shrewsbury abbey by undated charter[340].  "Hamo Paperellus" granted property "in Waletonia" to "Seburgæ filiæ meæ", dated to [1137/41][341].  “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ” by undated charter[342]m SIBYL, daughter of GERARD de Tornay & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are recorded by Eyton[343].  Hamo had one [illegitimate] child by [an unknown mistress]: 

a)         SEBURGA .  "Hamo Paperellus" granted property "in Waletonia" to "Seburgæ filiæ meæ", dated to [1137/41][344].  Eyton concludes that Seburga must have been illegitimate as she and her descendants held property as tenants of her father´s collateral heirs[345].  William FitzAlan confirms the foundation of Wombourne abbey by "Willielmi et uxoris eius Saburgæ de Hedlega et Alani eorum filii" by undated charter, dated to [1130/35][346]m WILLIAM de Hadley, son of --- (-[1135/36]). 

2.         ROBERT [Payn] Peverel (-after 1127, bur Barnwell).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ[347].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that Henry I King of England granted the barony of "Roberto filio Pycoti" in Cambridgeshire to "suo familiari…Pagano Peuerel"[348].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “Pagano Peverelle…militi”, in the time of Henry I King of England, as a donor to the priory in 1112[349].  The other references in the same source, quoted below, suggest that Payn must have been an alias of Robert Peverel.  "Stephanus comes Moritoni" confirmed the donation to Bec Sainte-Marie by "Willelmus Pevrellus de Dovra" with the consent of "fratrum suorum Hamonis et Pagani", by charter dated 1127[350].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Pagani Peuerel" died just before ten years after the move of canons to Barnwell priory and was buried at Barnwell[351]m ADELISA, daughter of ---.  “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ” by undated charter[352].  Robert & his wife had five children: 

a)         WILLIAM [II] Peverel of Bourne, later of Dover (-Palestine [1147/48]).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Willelmus filius eius" succeeded on the death of "Pagano Peuerel" and confirmed his father´s donations to Barnwell priory and also donated "terre in Brunna"[353].  “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ” by undated charter[354].  “Willielmus Peverellus de Douria” donated property “Wlurunton, Einardeseiam, Crugelton” granted to him by “Hamo Peverell patruus meus” to Shrewsbury abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Walchelinus Maminot…"[355].  "…Willelmus Pevrel de Dovra…" subscribed a charter dated 8 Aug 1111 under which Henry I King of England confirmed the episcopate of Somerset at Bath[356].  "…Willelmo Peurell Doure et Haimone Peurello et Ricardo Peurello…" witnessed the charter dated 1114 under which Henry I King of England granted the land of Roger de Worcester to Walter de Beauchamp[357].  "Walkelinus Maminot" donated Bradford mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "Rogerio filio Warini et Fulcone fratre suo, Stephano de Haia et Michaele fratre suo", and "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" also donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[358].  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Willelmus…de Dovre" opposed King Stephen during the civil war and joined the crusade during which her was killed, dated from the context to [1147][359].  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory records that “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani” confirmed his father´s donations but died childless in Jerusalem[360].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Willelmus [Peuerel]" died in Jerusalem leaving as his heirs "quatuor sorores…Pagani filias"[361]m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[362]

b)         MATILDA (-before 1185).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Matilda died childless[363].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Matildis de Doure" as oldest of the four sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" adding that she died "sine herede" and that her share in her brother´s inheritance was divided between her three sisters[364].  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[365].  "…Mathilde uxore mea…" signed the charter dated to [1151/53] under which "Hugo de Chileham filius Fulberti de Dofora" donated the church of Chilham to the abbey of Saint-Bertin, for the souls of "patris mei Fulberti et matris mee Adelit…et Matildis uxoris mee"[366].  "William Fitz Warin of Burwasley" witnessed the charter dated to [1161/72] under which "Hugh de Dover and Matilda his wife" restored property to Shrewsbury abbey[367]m HUGH de Dover of Chilham, Kent, son of FULBERT de Dover & his wife Adelaide --- (-[1167/72]). 

c)         ALICE (-after 1185).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Alice married “Hamonis Feche senioris” by whom she had “filii et filiæ, primogenitus…Gilbertus Pecche primus et secundus…Gaufridus Pecche” and lists their descendants[368].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Aelicia" as one of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, the text indicating that she was the oldest of the surviving sisters, adding that she married "Hamonis Peche senioris" by whom she had "filii et filie"[369].  Her parentage and marriage are further confirmed by Hamon, her husband, recording in 1166 that William Peverel “gave him two knights´ fees in frank marriage with his sister[370], and by the undated charter under which "Gilbertus Peccatum" confirmed donations of land "in Harcalua" held by "Matildis de Dovre amita mea"[371]m HAMO Pecche, son of WILLIAM Pecche & his second wife Isilia --- (-[1168/85]). 

d)         ROHESE .  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[372].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Roysia" as second of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that "de illa processit Albreda de Harecurt"[373].  Although these sources confirm that Rohese was the mother of Albreda de Harcourt, they do not confirm the name of her husband who, from a chronological point of view, could have been either Ivo or one of his brothers.  m [IVO d´Harcourt], son of ROBERT d´Harcourt & his wife --- (-after 1166). 

e)         ASCELINE (-before 1190).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barnwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina de Waterville” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Asceline was mother of “duæ filiæ…Ascelina de Waterville et Matildis de Diva[374].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle names "Ascelina de Wateruile" as third of the three sisters of "Willelmi Peuerel" who inherited the share of their oldest sister Matilda, adding that she was mother of "due filie Ascelina de Wateruille et Matildis de Diva", the former being the mother of "Rogerus de Torpel" and the latter of "Hugo de Diva"[375].  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera" donated Bradford mill, donated by "dominus Walchelinus Maminot" for the soul of "Rogeri de Haia", to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to [1141/48], witnessed by "…Matilla mea conjuge, Matilla de Dovera mea sorore, Acelina mea sorore…"[376].  "G. de Waltervilla" granted his part of "Herchalun…et…meam partem de feudo Hugonis de Laci" to "Willielmo de Hetlehe", with the consent of "Acelinæ uxoris meæ et Radulfi filii mei", by charter dated to [1155/62], which names "Hamo Piperellus avunculus uxoris meæ"[377].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.   m firstly GEOFFREY de Walterville [Waterville], son of ASCELIN de Walterville & his wife --- (-[1160/62]).  m secondly (1163) SAHER [II] de Quincy, son of SAHER [I] de Quincy & his wife Matilda de Senlis ([1138]-[1190/92]). 

3.         WILLIAM [I] Peverel (-1133 or after).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which “Willielmus Peverel de Brunne” donated property “in Wildene villa mea…Oddewic” to Thorney Monastery, for the souls of “avunculi mei Willielmi Peverel de Doure…patris mei Rodberti Peverel fratris sui, et Hamonis Peverel avunculi mei et…matris meæ Adeliciæ, et…Henrici Regis Angliæ[378].  "Willielmus Peverel de Dovera, Hamundo P. fratri suo et Willilemo P. nepoti suo" enfeoffed "Thurstano dapifero meo" with "Geddingam et Laiwellam" by charter dated to [1121/22][379].  "Stephanus comes Moritoni" confirmed the donation to Bec Sainte-Marie by "Willelmus Pevrellus de Dovra" with the consent of "fratrum suorum Hamonis et Pagani", by charter dated 1127[380].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo Peur de Doura" in Huntingdonshire[381]

4.         [EMMA] .  Eyton calls "Emma Peverel supposed wife of Hugh Maminot" parents of Walkelin Maminot but does not cite the primary source which confirms their names[382].  Her relationship to William Peverel is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Walchelinus Maminot" restored “terram de Lega” (near Ellesmere), unjustly taken by “avunculus meus Willielmus Peverel”, to Shrewsbury abbey[383]m [HUGH] Maminot, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         RICHARD Peverel (-after 1114).  "…Willelmo Peurell Doure et Haimone Peurello et Ricardo Peurello…" witnessed the charter dated 1114 under which Henry I King of England granted the land of Roger de Worcester to Walter de Beauchamp[384]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Peverel (-after 1155).  The 1155 Pipe Roll refers to "in dñio Will. Peurell" in Lincolnshire[385]

 

2.         WILLIAM Peverel (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus Peverel" used to hold one knight´s fee in Hampshire now held by "Robertus del Broc"[386]

 

3.         THOMAS Peverel .  "Hugo de Nevilla" granted land at Lound near Bourne, Lincolnshire held by "Baldwinus de Saint Omer quam dedit comes Simon Alano fratri meo et post mortem predicti Alani michi confirmavit" to "Tome Peuerel" by charter dated to the late 12th century[387]

 

4.         ROBERT Peverel (-after 1166).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Normannus de Normanville et Robertus Peverel ii m i militem" in Sussex in [1160/61][388].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Peverel et Normannus de Normanville" held one knight´s fee in Sussex from the king[389]

 

5.         ROBERT Peverel (-after 1190).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus Peverellus" in Sussex[390]

 

6.         MATTHEW Peverelm ---.  Matthew & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Peverel (-on Crusade before 7 Apr 1202).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus Peverellus filius Mathæi c s" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1186/87][391].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus Peverel" paying "xxx s, iii milites" in Norfolk, Suffolk[392].  An order of King John dated 7 Apr 1202 granted "custodia terre et heredis Willielmi Peverelli, qui in partibus Jerusalem obiit" to "T´rico Theuton"[393]

 

 

 

C.      PEVEREL FAMILIES of DORSET and SOMERSET

 

 

Two brothers, parents not identified: 

1.         THOMAS Peverelm AGNES, daughter of --- (-after 1249).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Thome Peuerel…infra etatem" against "Robertus Peuerel" for withholding land "in Ardientona" of which "Thomas Peuerel pater predicti Thome…sui fratris" was seised, noting that Thomas was born posthumously from "Agnes mater et custos predicti Thome"[394].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Hampshire, dated 1249, which include "Andreas Peverel...terre in bergthon...Agnes Peverel et Annora neptis eius...in Manebrig et Berton"[395].  Thomas & his wife had one child: 

a)         THOMAS Peverel (-[before 1249]).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Thome Peuerel…infra etatem" against "Robertus Peuerel" for withholding land "in Ardientona" of which "Thomas Peuerel pater predicti Thome…sui fratris" was seised, noting that Thomas was born posthumously from "Agnes mater et custos predicti Thome"[396]m ---.  The name of Thomas´s wife is not known.  Thomas & his wife had [one child]: 

i)          [ANORA .  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Hampshire, dated 1249, which include "Andreas Peverel...terre in bergthon...Agnes Peverel et Annora neptis eius...in Manebrig et Berton"[397].  It is assumed that this entry refers to a granddaughter of Agnes which, if correct, suggests that she may have been the daughter of Agnes´s son, presumably deceased.  This hypothesis has not been confirmed.] 

2.         ROBERT Peverel (-before Sep 1227).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus Peverel" holding nine knights´ fees "de feodo eiusdem" in Cornwall in [1210/12][398].  "Eiusdem" in the text refers to the previous line which records "Robertus filius Walteri" holding eleven knights´ fees "de feodo Ricardi de Lusci avunculi sui".  It is not specified whether was Richard de Lucy was also uncle to Robert Peverel, but the large number of knights´ fees suggest that they may have been acquired due to a family relationship.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus Peverel" holding "Bradeforde…de honore Bononiæ" in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12][399].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Somerset and Dorset, dated 1219, which includes "Robertus de Peverel" holding "Bradeford"[400].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Thome Peuerel…infra etatem" against "Robertus Peuerel" for withholding land "in Ardientona" of which "Thomas Peuerel pater predicti Thome…sui fratris" was seised, noting that Thomas was born posthumously from "Agnes mater et custos predicti Thome"[401]m ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

a)         ANDREW Peverel (-before 20 Mar 1274).  "Andrew Peverel" made a fine "for his relief of all the lands which Robert Peverel, his father, held of the king in chief in Burtin and Blatchington", dated 28 Sep 1227[402].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 20 Mar "2 Edw I" following the death of "Andrew Peverel" name “Thomas his son aged 30 and more is his next heir” and deals with the manors of “Blachinton alias Blechinton...[403].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Hampshire, dated 1249, which include "Andreas Peverel...terre in bergthon...Agnes Peverel et Annora neptis eius...in Manebrig et Berton"[404]m ---.  The name of Andrew´s wife is not known.  Andrew & his wife had one child: 

i)          THOMAS Peverel .  Inquisitions after a writ dated 20 Mar "2 Edw I" following the death of "Andrew Peverel" name “Thomas his son aged 30 and more is his next heir” and deals with the manors of “Blachinton alias Blechinton...[405]

 

 

 

D.      PEVEREL FAMILIES of SANFORD, DEVONSHIRE

 

 

1.         MATILDA Peverel .  Henry I King of England confirmed the donations of land "in corpore manerii de Plimtona" by "Bald de Ridveriis et Wido de Nunant et Robertus filius Martini et Matilda Peverel uxor sua" to Plympton priory, Devonshire by charter dated to [1121/35][406].  According to Domesday Descendants, Matilda was the daughter of Ranulf Peverel of Essex[407], but this appears unlikely to be right if her husband´s date of death is correct as shown here.  Her connection with the Peverel family of Sanford is indicated by the undated charter under which "H. Peverel lord of Samford" donated "land of Buelle which the lady Matilda Peverel had before given", for the welfare of "himself and Cicely his wife"[408]m as his first wife, ROBERT FitzMartin, son of MARTIN & his wife Geva de Burcy (-before 1159). 

 

 

Two brothers, parents not identified: 

1.         HUGH Peverel (-[4 Jun 1228/23 Feb 1229]).  "Hug Peverell de Sanford" paid a fine for "terre sue" in Devonshire, dated 1200[409].  "Hug Peverel" paid a fine to enquire "si Ric Peverel frater ipsius Hug deponsavit Johannam fil Margar de Renby" in Devonshire, dated 1201[410].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Hug Peverel" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][411].  "H. Peverel lord of Samford" donated "land of Buelle which the lady Matilda Peverel had before given", for the welfare of "himself and Cicely his wife", by undated charter[412].  An order of King John dated 21 May 1203 relates to a debt to the Jews at Oxford of "Walteri de Bolebec" to be paid by "Hel de Bello Campo et Constanc uxore sua"[413].  Henry III King of England ordered the release from prison at Winchester of "Hugonem Peverel de Samford" dated 4 Jun 1228[414]m CECILIA, daughter of ---.  "H. Peverel lord of Samford" donated "land of Buelle which the lady Matilda Peverel had before given", for the welfare of "himself and Cicely his wife", by undated charter[415].  An order dated 23 Feb 1229 ordered the sheriff of Somerset to transfer "manerio de Taleton quod fuit Hugonis Peverel de Samford" to "Cecilie que fuit uxor ipsius Hugonis" and “filius et heres ipsius Hugonis” assigned dower to “prefate matri sue[416].  "Cecilia who was the wife of Hugh Peverel of Sampford" made a fine "for marrying herself to whom she will wish except the king´s enemies", dated [Apr] 1230[417].  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Peverel .  "William, son and heir of Hugh Peverel of Sampford" paid homage for "all the lands that Hugh held of the king in chief" in Devonshire, dated [Mar] 1229[418].  "William Peverelle of Sanforde, son of Hugh Peverelle of Sanford" donated revenue "from Behulle", for the souls of "Christina my wife, Hugh Peverelle my father, and Cicely my mother", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Randulph Peverelle, Thomas Peverelle…"[419]m CHRISTINA, daughter of ---.  "William Peverelle of Sanforde, son of Hugh Peverelle of Sanford" donated revenue "from Behulle", for the souls of "Christina my wife, Hugh Peverelle my father, and Cicely my mother", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Randulph Peverelle, Thomas Peverelle…"[420]

2.         RICHARD Peverel (-after 1194).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Ricardus Peverel" paying "xv s" in Devonshire[421].  "Hug Peverel" paid a fine to enquire "si Ric Peverel frater ipsius Hug deponsavit Johannam fil Margar de Renby" in Devonshire, dated 1201[422].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Hugo Peverell de Sanford" making a fine "si Ric Peverell frater ipsius Hugonis disponsavit Johannam filiam Margarete de Reigin", in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][423].  [m JOANNA, daughter of --- & his wife Margaret ---].  "Hug Peverel" paid a fine to enquire "si Ric Peverel frater ipsius Hug deponsavit Johannam fil Margar de Renby" in Devonshire, dated 1201[424].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Hugo Peverell de Sanford" making a fine "si Ric Peverell frater ipsius Hugonis disponsavit Johannam filiam Margarete de Reigin", in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][425]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    PICOT

 

 

1.         PICOT (-after [1071]).  Orderic Vitalis records "Guillelmum cognomento Pantulfum et Picodum atque Corbatum, filiosque eius Rogerium et Rodbertum" as vassals of Roger de Montgommery in Shropshire, dated to [1071] from the context[426]

 

2.         ROGER Picot (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger Picot" in Cambridgeshire[427]

 

3.         WILLIAM Picot (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus Picot" held one knight´s fee from "Galfridi de Ver" in Shropshire[428]

 

4.         RALPH Picot (-1166).  An undated charter records that “in tempore Henrici regis primiElyas de Crevequer” donated “ecclesie de Serres...advocacionem” to the canons of Leeds priory who donated it to “clericum suum Radulfum Pykot” who resigned his position and became a knight, that “Emma filie et heredes dicti Elye” later confirmed her father´s donation, and that later still “Hamo...dominus medietatis manerii de Serres” further confirmed the donation[429].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Radulfus Picot" held parts of knights´ fees from "Simonis de Bello Campo" in Bedfordshire[430].  The 1165/66 Pipe Roll records "Rad Picot" accounting for land in Kent, but adding "sed mortuus est"[431]m ---.  Ralph & his wife had two children: 

a)         ADELISA Picot (-after 1194).  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Adelizia primogenita filia Radulfi Pikot" in Kent "pro habenda…parte hereditatis sue de Tanga et Kingesdon que eam contingit versus Eugeniam sororem suam"[432]

b)         EUGENIA ([1154/55]-after 1194).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Ewgenia Picot…filia Radulfi Picot de Kancia et uxor Thome filii Bernardi…xxx annorum”, her property “in hundredo de Redefeld…de feodo Gileberti Malet" given to her by "Willelmus Malet…in dotem”, adding that she had three sons, aged 10, 8 and 3, and one daughter, given by "Dominus Rex, filio Johannis de Bidun", by her second husband[433].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Eugenia Picot x s" in Kent in [1186/87][434].  The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Eugenia Pikot…pro custodia Johannis f sue et terre sue" in Kent[435].  “Eugenia Picot” donated capelle de Kingesdune” to Rochester by undated charter[436].  A charter dated “in octabis sancti Michaeli” 1218 records an agreement concerning “advocatione ecclesie de Kingesdune” followinig a claim by Radulfum filium Bernardi” and “Willelmum priorem de Rosa[437]m firstly (1165 or before) as his second wife, WILLIAM Malet, son of --- (-1169).  m secondly THOMAS FitzBernard, son of BERNARD & his wife --- (-before 1185). 

 

5.         EUSTACE Picot (-after 1166).  "Eustachius Picot" held one knight´s fee from "Hugonis de Dovra" in Cambridgeshire in 1166[438]m ---.  The name of Eustace`s wife is not known.  Eustace & his wife had one child: 

a)         LORETA Picot ([1144/45]-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Lauretta Picot que fuit uxor Hugonis de Burdeleis et filia Eustachii Picot…xl annorum”, adding that she has “vi filios et ii filias et Willelmus filius eius et heres est xxvi annorum[439]m HUGH de Bordelais, son of --- (-before 1185). 

 

 

1.         HENRY Picot .  The Red Book of the Exchequer records that Henry I King of England granted one knight´s fee in Cambridgeshire "Henricus pater meus", held in 1166 by his son "Albricus Picot"[440]m ---.  The name of Henry´s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had one child: 

a)         AUBRY Picot (-after 1171).  "Albricus Picot" held one knight´s fee in Cambridgeshire in 1166, stating that Henry I King of England had granted it to "Henricus pater meus"[441].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albricus Picot i m" in Cambridgeshire in [1167/68][442].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Albricus Picot xx s" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1171/72][443]m MABILIA, daughter of ---.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Mabilia…neptis Rannulfi de Glanville…uxor Albrici Picot”, her property “in Bukeswurthe…in feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet", and her "ii filios et iii filias, et primogenitus est miles[444].  Aubry & his wife had five children: 

i)          ROBERT Picot (-after 1210).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “filius Albrici Picot”, his property “in Beche", and "in custodia Rannulfi de Glanville”, and in a later passage "terra Roberti Picot in Cneya…in custodia Rannulfi de Glanville et…habet etatem et est miles"[445].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus Picot" paying "x s, i militem" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire[446].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Robertus Picot" paying "xx s, i militem" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire[447].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus Picot" holding one knight´s fee "in Cueye" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1210/12][448]m ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       PETER Picot (-after 1217).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Petrus filius Roberti Pikot" holding "medietatem de Heydene…ad coronationem Regis" from the Serjeantie in Essex and Herefordshire[449]

ii)         --- Picot .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Mabilia…neptis Rannulfi de Glanville…uxor Albrici Picot”, her property “in Bukeswurthe…in feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet", and her "ii filios et iii filias, et primogenitus est miles[450]

iii)        three daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Mabilia…neptis Rannulfi de Glanville…uxor Albrici Picot”, her property “in Bukeswurthe…in feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet", and her "ii filios et iii filias, et primogenitus est miles[451]

 

 

1.         ROBERT Picot (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Picot" held one knight´s fee from "comitis Hugonis" in Norfolk[452]

 

2.         RALPH Picot (-after 1210).  Henry II King of England confirmed property at Dieppe donated to the abbey of Foucarmont by "Radulfus Picot et Amfria uxor eius" which had been confirmed by "Willermus frater meus" by charter dated to [1177/82][453].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Radulfus Picot" holding "i carucatam in Erdele et i…in Salinges per serjanteriam" in Essex in [1210/12][454]m AMFRIA, daughter of ---.  Henry II King of England confirmed property at Dieppe donated to the abbey of Foucarmont by "Radulfus Picot et Amfria uxor eius" which had been confirmed by "Willermus frater meus" by charter dated to [1177/82][455]

 

 

 

1.         PETER Picotm ---.  The name of Peter´s wife is not known.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

a)         PETER Picot (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Petrus filius Petri Picot" holding "dimidiam Heydene per serjanteriam serviendi cum i toaloa ad coronationem Regis" in Essex in [1210/12][456].

 

 

1.         WILLIAM Picot (-after 28 Feb 1216).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus Picot…et Willelmus filius Willelmi de Cliftone" holding parts of knights´ fees in Lincolnshire in [1210/12][457].  "Willelmus Picot" made a fine for returning to the king´s support naming "Alex filius suus" as hostage who was given, dated 28 Feb 1216[458]m as her second husband, JULIANA, widow of HENRY de Gand, daughter of ---.  Bracton records a claim, dated 1224, by "Willelmus Picot et Juliana uxor eius" against "Matillidem filiam Gaufridi" for "terciam parte…terre in Birstaudeby dotem ipsius Juliane unde Henricus de Gaunt quondam vir suus" of which "Thomas Peuerel pater predicti Thome…sui fratris" was seised, noting that Thomas was born posthumously from "Agnes mater et custos predicti Thome"[459].  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ALEXANDER Picot (-after 28 Feb 1216).  "Willelmus Picot" made a fine for returning to the king´s support naming "Alex filius suus" as hostage who was given, dated 28 Feb 1216[460]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    PINKENEY

 

 

1.         GILO de Pinkeney .  The Complete Peerage records that Gilo de Pinkeney founded the priory of Weedon Pinkeny, Northamptonshire as a cell of Beauvais Saint-Lucien, undated, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[461]m ---.  The name of Gilo´s wife is not known.  Gilo & his wife had two chlidren: 

a)         RALPH de Pinkeney (-before 29 Sep 1158).  His parentage is confirmed by the undated charter in which his son "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire[462].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad de Pincheneio" in Northamptonshire and to marry "uxore Sym Chaisnedoit"[463]m ([1129/30]) as her second husband, ---, widow of SIMON de Chesneduit, daughter of ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Rad de Pincheneio" in Northamptonshire and to marry "uxore Sym Chaisnedoit"[464].  Ralph & his wife had three children: 

i)          GILBERT de Pinkeney (-1178).  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis…meis…Henrico primogenito meo et cæteris", by undated charter witnessed by "Hugonis de Pinchenni, Radulphi fratris iam dicit Gilberti…Ancheri de Pincheni…"[465].  "Gilebertus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “avus meus Gilo Pinconiensis…pater meus Radulfus” of donations to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis Henrico et Gilberto cum cæteris", by undated charter[466].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights´ fees held from "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" in Buckinghamshire[467].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Gilbertus de Pinkeygni xv s" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire in [1171/72][468]m firstly EUSTACHIA, daughter of ---.  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis…meis…Henrico primogenito meo et cæteris", by undated charter[469]m secondly (after [1162]) as her second husband, HELWISE de Guerres, widow of WILLIAM de Hastings, daughter of ---.  Her family origin and three marriages are stated in Domesday Descendants, which does not cite the corresponding primary source[470].  She married thirdly William FitzRobert.  Gilbert & his first wife had [four or more] children: 

(a)       HENRY de Pinkeney (-1209).  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis…meis…Henrico primogenito meo et cæteris", by undated charter[471]

-         see below

(b)       GILBERT de Pinkeney (-after 1166).  "Gilebertus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “avus meus Gilo Pinconiensis…pater meus Radulfus” of donations to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis Henrico et Gilberto cum cæteris", by undated charter[472].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gilberto filio meo" held one half a knight´s fee from "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" in Buckinghamshire[473]

(c)       two or more other children .  "Gilebertus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “avus meus Gilo Pinconiensis…pater meus Radulfus” of donations to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis Henrico et Gilberto cum cæteris", by undated charter[474]

ii)         HUGH de Pinkeney .  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire by undated charter witnessed by "Hugonis de Pinchenni, Radulphi fratris iam dicit Gilberti…Ancheri de Pincheni…"[475]

iii)        RALPH de Pinkeney .  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire by undated charter witnessed by "Hugonis de Pinchenni, Radulphi fratris iam dicit Gilberti…Ancheri de Pincheni…"[476]

b)         ROBERT de Pinkeney of Moreton Pinkeney (-before [1160]).  The Complete Peerage records that Gilo de Pinkeney gave land in Sulgrave, Northamptonshire and Maidenhead, Berkshire to his younger son Robert[477]m ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had two children: 

i)          HENRY de Pinkeney (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights´ fees held from "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" in Buckinghamshire, including "Henricus filius Roberti de Pinkeney v milites et dimidium, Gilo de Pinkeny i militem et dimidium"[478]

ii)         ROBERT de PinkeneyDomesday Descendants names Robert as a younger son of Robert de Pinkeney and records that he and his wife Agnes donated property to Northampton St Andrew[479]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants names Robert as a younger son of Robert de Pinkeney and records that he and his wife Agnes donated property to Northampton St Andrew[480]

 

 

1.         AGNES de Pinkeney .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Bernardus Bail senior, Bernardus junior filius eius, Ingelram le b filius eius, Wid et Eustacius filii eius, Matilda mater et Hawisia et altera Hawis, et domina Agnes de Pinchensi uxor junioris Bernardi, Rogerus filius Hugonis nepos eius et Johannes frater Rogerii"[481]m BERNARD Balliol, son of BERNARD Balliol & his wife Matilda --- (-after 1174). 

 

2.         WILLIAM de Pinkeney (-after 1167).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Willelmus de Pinkeini" held one knight´s fee from "Margaretæ de Boun" in Gloucestershire[482].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Pinkeingni ix l, sed amodo in Norhamtesira" in Buckinghamshire in [1167/68][483]

 

3.         GILO de Pinkeney (-after 4 Apr 1196).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights´ fees held from "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" in Buckinghamshire, including "Henricus filius Roberti de Pinkeney v milites et dimidium, Gilo de Pinkeny i militem et dimidium"[484].  The Feet of Fines records the judgment dated 4 Apr 1196 in a claim by "Egid de Pinkeni et Matill ux sua" against "Will de Englefield fil eiusdem Matill"[485]m as her second husband, MATILDA, widow of --- de Englefield, daughter of --- (-after 4 Apr 1196).  The Feet of Fines records the judgment dated 4 Apr 1196 in a claim by "Egid de Pinkeni et Matill ux sua" against "Will de Englefield fil eiusdem Matill"[486]

 

 

HENRY de Pinkeney, son of GILBERT de Pinkeney & his first wife Eustachia --- (-1209).  "Gilebertus de Pinchenni" confirmed donations by “Gilo avus meus et Radulfus pater meus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the priory of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis…meis…Henrico primogenito meo et cæteris", by undated charter[487].  "Gilebertus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “avus meus Gilo Pinconiensis…pater meus Radulfus” of donations to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, supported by "uxore mea Eustachia et liberis Henrico et Gilberto cum cæteris", by undated charter[488].  "Henricus Pinconiensis" confirmed donations by “proavus meus Gilo et avus meus Radulfus et pater meus Gilebertus” of land “de suo dominio de Wedonia” to found the prior of Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire by undated charter[489].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gilbertus de Pinkeni" granted one knight´s fee "postea" to "Henrico filio meo" in Buckinghamshire[490].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Pinkenei" held one and one half knights´ fees from "Roberti de Chokes" in Northamptonshire[491].  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[492].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Henricus de Pingkeygni" paying "vi l xvi s, xiii milites et dimidium" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[493].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Henricus de Pinkeingny" paying "xiii l x s, xiii milites et dimidium" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, and being granted delay to pay in Berkshire[494].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Henricus de Pinkeyni" paying "xiv l x s, xiii milites" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[495].  “Henricus de Pynkeny” donated "ecclesiam de Haudeneby" to Clerkenwell St Mary´s by undated charter witnessed by "…Rogero de Pinkeni, Ansculfo de Pykeny, Roberto de Pinkeni"[496].  "Henry de Pinkeni and Leticia his wife" and "Serlo de Marci and Emma his wife" granted land "in Cristehale" to "William Barun", dated [1198/99][497]

m LETITIA de Lucy, daughter of ROBERT de Lucy & his wife ---.  Domesday Descendants names "Letitia daughter and co-heir of Robert de Lucy, possibly the nephew of Richard de Lucy the justiciar" as the wife of Henry de Pinkeney, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[498].  "Henry de Pinkeni and Leticia his wife" and "Serlo de Marci and Emma his wife" granted land "in Cristehale" to "William Barun", dated [1198/99][499].  It is likely that the wives of Henry de Pinkeney and Serlo de Marcy were related, maybe holding a joint interest in the land in question.  If this is correct, the precise family relationship has not yet been traced.  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Milo de Sumery, Rogerus de Neville, Letitia de Pinkeyni, Serlo de Marcy" holding one knight´s fee each "in Elmedene" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][500].  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by an order dated [Feb] 1222 under which "Robert de Picquigny, Milo de Somery and Beatrice de Lucy" made a fine for "their relief of the land formerly of Emma de Lucy, sister of Beatrice and aunt of Robert and Miles, whose heirs they are, in Elmdon…honour de Boulogne"[501]

Henry & his wife had three children: 

1.         ROBERT de Pinkeney (-[29 Sep/12 Dec] 1232).  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[502].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Pingkeigni" paying "xv s, i militem et dimidium" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire[503].  The Pipe Roll 1209 records that "Robertus de Pinkenni" paid fine on succession to "Henrici patris sui"[504].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Northamptonshire, dated to [1208/10]: "Robertus de Pinchingny" held "xv milites de feodo de Windlesor"[505].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Pinkeny" holding "xv milites" in Northamptonshire in [1210/12][506].  Under an order dated [Feb] 1222 "Robert de Picquigny, Milo de Somery and Beatrice de Lucy" made a fine for "their relief of the land formerly of Emma de Lucy, sister of Beatrice and aunt of Robert and Miles, whose heirs they are, in Elmdon…honour de Boulogne"[507].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni Milo de Sumeri et Beatricia de Lucy” owing in Essex[508].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni” owing “pro Henrico fratre suo et Henrico f suo” in Northamptonshire[509].  An order dated 1231 records the return of "Robertus de Pinkeny...Henricus de Pinkeny frater suus" from service with the army in Wales[510].  Bracton lists a claim by "Robertus de Pinkingny" against "Galfrido de Cruce" relating to "Andree filii et heredis Johannis de Windesores", dated Michaelmas 1232, recording that "Reginaldus de Pinkingny ante gwerram" had enfeoffed "Petrum patrem predicti Johannis et auum ipsius Andree in suburbio Windesores in com. Berck"[511]m AIGLENE, daughter of ---.  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[512].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         HENRY de Pinkeney (-before 16 May 1254).  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[513]

-        see below

b)         PHILIPPA de Pinkeney (-before 1232).  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[514]

2.         --- de Pinkeney .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Willelmus…filius Willelmi de Nokes filii Hugonis…xviii annorum” in the custody of “Henrici de Pinkeni cuius filiam desponsavit…elapsis iam iv annis" and his land "in Messedina[515]Betrothed ([1181]) to WILLIAM de Nokes, son of WILLIAM FitzHugh de Nokes & his wife --- ([1167/68]-). 

3.         HENRY de Pinkeney (-after 1231).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni” owing “pro Henrico fratre suo et Henrico f suo” in Northamptonshire[516].  An order dated 1231 records the return of "Robertus de Pinkeny...Henricus de Pinkeny frater suus" from service with the army in Wales[517]

 

 

HENRY de Pinkeney Lord of Wedon-Pinkeney, son of ROBERT de Pinkeney & his wife Aiglene --- (-before 16 May 1254).  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni” owing “pro Henrico fratre suo et Henrico f suo” in Northamptonshire[518].  "Robertus de Pinconio filius Henrici" donated property to Wedon Pinkney in Northamptonshire, with the consent of "Henrici filii mei et hæredis", for the souls of "Eglina uxore mea et Henrico filio meo…et…Philippæ filiæ meæ defunctæ", by undated charter[519].  A writ after the death of "Henry de Pinkeny alias de Pynkeny", dated "2 Jul 38 Hen III", and later inquisitions, record that "Henry his son aged 26 and more is his heir" and refer to "Barton, 10 marks land held of Sir Henry de Hastinges in free marriage, which the deceased gave to Alice his daughter"[520]

m ALICE de Lindsay, daughter of DAVID de Lindsay & his wife Marjory [of Scotland] (-[1252/54]).  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "domini Roberti de Pinkeny" name "Alicia" as daughter of "Margareta", daughter of "Henri patre Regis Willi"[521]

Henry & his wife had two children: 

1.         HENRY de Pinkeney (before 1228-before 25 Aug 1275).  A writ after the death of "Henry de Pinkeny alias de Pynkeny", dated "2 Jul 38 Hen III", and later inquisitions, record that "Henry his son aged 26 and more is his heir" and refer to "Barton, 10 marks land held of Sir Henry de Hastinges in free marriage, which the deceased gave to Alice his daughter"[522].  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "domini Roberti de Pinkeny" name "Henricus de Pinkeny" as the son of "Alicia"[523].  By a writ of certiorari undated "4 Edw I", following the death of "Henry de Pynkeny" an order was requested relating to "the dower of Christiana who was the wife of Robert de Pynkeney in Stanes[524]m MARY, daughter of --- (-after her husband).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Henry & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT de Pinkeney (-shortly before 2 Sep 1296).  King Edward I granted seisin of his father´s lands to "Robert de Pinkeny son and heir of Henry de Pinkeny deceased" by charter dated 4 Feb 1277[525].  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "domini Roberti de Pinkeny" name him as son of "Henricus de Pinkeny"[526].  Claimant to the throne of Scotland in 1291, 5th in order on the Great Roll of Scotland.  A writ dated 2 Sep "24 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Pynkeny alias de Pinkeney" names "Henry de Pynkeny knight his brother aged 40 at the feast of St John the Baptist last is his next heir"[527]

b)         HENRY de Pinkeney ([1255/56]-before 24 Apr 1315).  A writ dated 2 Sep "24 Edw I", after the death of "Robert de Pynkeny alias de Pinkeney" names "Henry de Pynkeny knight his brother aged 40 at the feast of St John the Baptist last is his next heir"[528].  He was summoned to parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Pinkeny.  m MARGARET, daughter of --- (-after 1315). 

2.         ALICE de Pinkeney .  A writ after the death of "Henry de Pinkeny alias de Pynkeny", dated "2 Jul 38 Hen III", and later inquisitions, record that "Henry his son aged 26 and more is his heir" and refer to "Barton, 10 marks land held of Sir Henry de Hastinges in free marriage, which the deceased gave to Alice his daughter"[529].  The identity of Alice´s husband has not been ascertained.  m ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7.    POMERAI

 

 

1.         RALPH de la Pomerai (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Ralph de la Pommeraye” holding Stowey and Oare in Somerset, and numerous properties in Devonshire[530]

 

2.         WILLIAM de la Pomerai (-after 1102).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Willelmus de Pomeria" donated "in Deveneschire villam…Bery pro qua Goselinus frater eius dedit Seldene, pro qua habemus Hopemaleysel" in 1102, "rege Henrico seniore consentiente et confirmante, tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][531]

3.         JOSCELIN de la Pomerai (-after 1125).  The Historia sancti Petri Gloucestriæ records that "Willelmus de Pomeria" donated "in Deveneschire villam…Bery pro qua Goselinus frater eius dedit Seldene, pro qua habemus Hopemaleysel" in 1102, "rege Henrico seniore consentiente et confirmante, tempore Serlonis abbatis" [abbot from 1072 to 1104][532].  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[533]m EMMA, daughter of --- .  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[534].  Joscelin & his wife had five children: 

a)         HENRY [I] de la Pomerai (-[1156/64])"Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[535].  Lord of Berry Pomeroy, Devon, he had supported King Henry I during the rebellion of 1123, commanding the royal army at Pont-Athou.  Deputy Constable in the Royal household of King Henry I[536].  "Henrico de Pomer…" witnessed the charter dated to [1126] under which Henry I King of England granted property to Robert FitzPayn[537].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Henr de Pomer" in Dorsetshire[538].  "…Henrico de Pomeria…" subscribed the charter dated 1157 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Jean de Falaise[539]m ROHESE, daughter of --- & his [mistress/wife] Sibyl Corbet (-1176).  The identity of the father of Rohese is uncertain.  Renaud Earl of Cornwall granted Roseworthy manor in Cornwall to his sister "Rohesia de Pomeria" in a charter[540].  The wife of Henry de la Pomerai was therefore either Rohese, illegitimate daughter of Henry I King of England & his mistress Sibyl Corbet, or Rohese, daughter of Herbert FitzHerbert & his wife Sibyl Corbet.  Henry [I] & his wife had two children: 

i)          HENRY [II] de la Pomerai (-1207)Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Pomeria" held one knight´s fee from the bishop of Exeter in Cornwall and half a knight´s fee in Devon[541]

-         see below

ii)         JOSCELIN de la Pomerai (-after [1200]).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "filius Henrici de Pomeria" held one knight´s fee from "Willelmi comitis Gloucestriæ" in Gloucestershire[542].  Benedict of Peterborough records that Henry II King of England granted the kingdom of Limerick to "Hereberti filio Hereberti, et Willelmo fratri comitis Reginaldi, et Joellano de la Pumerai nepoti eorum" at a council in Oxford in May 1177, but that "Herbertus et Willelmus, fratres Reginaldi comitis Cornubiæ, et Joellanus de Pumeria nepos eorum" declined it at a council at Marlborough 3 Jun 1177[543].  "Joselinus de Pomerei" donated property to Ford abbey, Devonshire, for the souls of "…domini fratris mei Hen de Pomerei", by undated charter (maybe dated to after 1200, when William father of Henry de Tracy died) witnessed by "…Willielmo de Tracy fratre Hugonis de Courtenay, Henrico filio Willielmi de Tracy"[544]

b)         ROGER de la Pomerai (-after 1129).  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[545].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger de Pomer" in Cornwall[546]

c)         PHILIPPE de la Pomerai .  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[547]

d)         JOSCELIN de la Pomerai .  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[548]

e)         RAOUL de la Pomerai (-after Sep 1151).  "Goscelin de la Pommeraye" founded the abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Val, with the consent of "sa femme Emma et de ses fils Henry, Roger, Philippe, Goscelin et Raoul", by charter dated 1125[549].  "…Radulpho de Pomeria" witnessed the charter dated to [end 1150/early Sep 1151] which "H. dux Normannorum" issued for the hôpital de Falaise[550].  "…Radulfo de Pomeria…" witnessed the charter dated to [Sep 1151/Jan 1153] under which "Henricus dux Norm et comes Andeg" confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Fontenay at the request of "Jordani Taxonis"[551]

 

 

HENRY [II] de la Pomerai, son of HENRY [I] de la Pomerai & his wife Rohese --- (-1207).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Pomeria" held one knight´s fee from the bishop of Exeter in Cornwall and half a knight´s fee in Devon[552].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus de Pomeray xxxi l v s vi d" in Devonshire in [1167/68][553].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy in [1172], "Henricus de Pomaria" with three parts of one knight "de feodo de Vado…de honore Mortonii in baillia Osberti de Hosa", adding that he held "castrum de Pomeria cum purprestura de Rege"[554].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Henricus de la Pomereio" in Devonshire[555].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus de la Pomeraye xxxi l xviii s iv d" in Devonshire in [1186/87][556].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Henricus de la Pomeray" paying "xxi l xviii s iv d" in Devonshire[557].  The Rotulus Cancellarii records "Henricus de la Pomeraie" owing in Devonshire, dated [27 May 1201/26 May 1202][558]

m firstly MATHILDE de Vitré, daughter of ---.  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 28 Mar 1200 under which King John confirmed lands to "Willelmo Briwere", including "manerium de Braworthi" donated by "qd Henri de la Pomeria fil Matildi de Vitri"[559].  Her precise parentage has not yet been ascertained. 

m secondly as her first wife, ROHESE Bardolf, daughter of THOMAS Bardolf & his wife Rohese ---.  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", states that "a fourth sister Rohese" [referring to the three daughters of Thomas Bardolf shown above] was "first the wife of Henry de la Pommeraie and secondly of John Russell", but he does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[560].  She married secondly John Russell

Henry [II] & his first wife had one child: 

1.         HENRY [III] de la Pomerai (-1222).  "Henr fil Henr de Pomeraya" paid a fine for "terris q fuerunt ipsius Henrici patris sui" in Cornwall and Devon, dated 1208[561].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Henricus de Pomerai" holding one knight´s fee in Cornwall in [1210/12][562]m ---.  The name of Henry´s wife is not known.  Henry [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         HENRY [IV] de la Pomerai (-after 1224).  An order dated 26 Apr 1224 granted time to "Henry de la Pomeraie" for repayment of "the debt his father owed to the king"[563]m MARGERY, daughter of --- (-after 1249).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Devon, dated 1249, which include "Henricus de la Pomedray debet esse in custodia domini regis et Margeria mater eius habet custodiam ipsius per dominum regem..."[564].  Inquisitions following a writ de causa captionis dated 7 Jul "38 Hen III", after the death of "Henry de la Pomeraye" record that "Margaret late the wife of the said Henry had wardship of his land and heirs, with their marriage, by fine made with the king after his death"[565].  Henry [IV] & his wife had one child: 

i)          HENRY [V] de la Pomerai (-before 12 Jul 1280).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Devon, dated 1249, which include "Henricus de la Pomedray debet esse in custodia domini regis et Margeria mater eius habet custodiam ipsius per dominum regem..."[566].  Inquisitions after a writ dated 12 Jul "9 Edw I" following the death of "Henry de la Pomereye" name “Henry de la Pomereye aged 16 at Whitsunday last is his next heir and was married before the death of his father[567]m ---.  The name of Henry´s wife is not known.  Henry [V] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       HENRY [VI] de la Pomerai (May 1264-).  Inquisitions after a writ dated 12 Jul "9 Edw I" following the death of "Henry de la Pomereye" name “Henry de la Pomereye aged 16 at Whitsunday last is his next heir and was married before the death of his father[568]m (before 12 Jul 1280) ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    PONT-de-l´ARCHE

 

 

 

1.         GUILLAUME de Pont de l´Arche (-after 1142)"…Willelmo de Ponte Arch" witnessed the charter dated to [1114] under which Henry I King of England granted privileges to Battle abbey[569].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills de Pontearc" in Oxfordshire, Dorsetshire (two entries),  Wiltshire (three entries), Hampshire (twice), and Surrey[570].  "…W. de Pont…" witnessed the charter dated 1133 under which Henry I King of England confirmed his father´s lands to "Willo fil Udardi de Baenb"[571]m CONSTANCE Mauduit, daughter of ROBERT [I] Mauduit & his wife --- (-after [1142]).  The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Robertum filium Hildebrandi" fell in love with "Willelmus de Ponte Arcarum…uxorem", imprisoned her husband, but died from a painful illness, dated from the context to [1142][572].  Guillaume & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT de Pont de l´Arche (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ponte Arche x m v militem" in Hampshire in [1160/61][573].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus Mauduit" used to hold one knights fee in Hampshire now held by "Robertus de Ponte Arche"[574].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ponte Arche i m" in Hampshire in [1167/68][575].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ponte Arche xx s" in Hampshire in [1171/72][576].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ponte Arche xx s" in Hampshire in [1186/87][577].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Ponte Arche" paying "x s, i militem" in Hampshire and "xii d" in Wiltshire[578].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Robertus de Ponte Arche" paying "xx s i militem" in Hampshire[579].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Robertus de Ponte Arche" paying "xx s, i militem" in Hampshire[580]m ---.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "uxor Roberti de Archis" held two knights´ fees from "Roberti de Chauz" in Nottinghamshire[581]m MATILDA Marshal, daughter of JOHN Marshal & his second wife Sibyl of Salisbury.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   The Complete Peerage names her and records her marriage but does not the cite the primary source on which this information is based[582].  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          JULIANE de Ponte de l´Arche (-15 Nov 1217, bur Bristol St Augustine).  Smyth records that "the first wife of Lord Robert was Julian de Ponte Arche daughter of William de Pontelargo o Pontearche and necce to…Willm Earl Marischall the elder Earle of Pembroke", records her death "15 Nov in the second year of Kinge Henry the third", and her burial at Bristol St Augustine, but the precise primary sources on which he bases his statements are not obvious from his citations[583].  According to Dugdale, Robert de Berkeley married "Julian, daughter of William de Pontearch, niece to William Marshal Earl of Pembroke"[584].  “Robert de Berkelaia” donated land Kingswood Abbey, for his soul and that of “his wife Juliana”, by charter dated 11 Jun 1200[585].  “John de Wodeford” granted land in Nibley, Gloucestershire (“in Nubbeleia”), which he had recovered “contra Dom. Margaretam quondam uxorem Othonis fil. Willelmi”, to “Dom. Juliana de Ponte Arche wife of Robert de Berkeleia” by charter dated to [1200][586]m (before 11 Jun 1200) as his first wife, ROBERT de Berkeley, son of MAURICE de Berkeley & his wife Alice de Berkeley ([1164/65]-13 May 1220, bur Bristol St Augustine). 

b)         EMMA de Pont de l´Arche (-young).  Her betrothal is noted in Domesday Descendants[587]Betrothed to RICHARD de Reviers, son of BALDWIN de Reviers Earl of Devon & his wife Adelise --- ([1115/30]-21 or 27 Apr 1162, bur Christ Church, Twynham).  He succeeded his father in 1155 as Earl of Devon, Lord of the Isle of Wight. 

2.         OSBERT de Pont de l´Arche (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Albico de Pontearc" in Surrey[588].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Osbto de Pontearch" in Hertfordshire[589]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Pont de l´Arche (-after [Apr] 1224).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Willelmus de Ponte Arche" holding ten parts of one knight´s fee "in Swindone" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][590].  "William de Pont de l´Arche" made a fine for "having seisin of his land in Swindon…taken into the king´s hand…because he was not in the army of Wales", dated [Apr] 1224[591]m MARGARET, daughter of --- (-after [Mar] 1217).  Henry III King of England granted letters of conduct to "Margareta uxor Willelmi de Ponte Archi" dated to [Mar] 1217[592]

 

2.         MATILDA [Eva] de Pont de l´Arche (-after 1 Sep 1227)"William baron of Naas and Eva his wife" paid a fine for "having dower in the manor of Grene, which pertains to Eva of the free tenement formerly of Phillip de Braose, her former husband, in Ireland", dated 12 Sep 1220[593].  A charter dated 1 Sep 1227 records that "Matilda who was the wife of the Baron of Nas represents that the justiciary…has disseised her of her dower out of…those of Philip de Breouse her first husband" and the king´s order to restore the property to her[594]m firstly PHILIP de Briouse, son of WILLIAM de Briouse & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Valéry.  m secondly WILLIAM FitzWilliam Baron of Naas, son of WILLIAM FitzMaurice Baron of Naas & his wife Aline de Clare (-before Aug 1227). 

 

 

Three brothers: 

1.         ROBERT de Pont de l´Arche (-before 22 Feb 1246).  A writ dated 22 Feb "30 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Pont del Arche alias de Pont Arche" names "Ralph his brother is his next heir, after William de Pont Arche who was lately outlawed" and lists his manors in Gloucester "Wulvirchesthrop town…Waddon and Mortun towns…which Constance late the wife of the said Robert now holds by the king´s bail…Stanleg alias Stanleye town…Coccebiri alias Cokebiri"[595]m CONSTANCE, daughter of --- (-after 22 Feb 1246).  A writ dated 22 Feb "30 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Pont del Arche alias de Pont Arche" lists his manors in Gloucester "…Waddon and Mortun towns…which Constance late the wife of the said Robert now holds by the king´s bail…"[596]

2.         WILLIAM de Pont de l´Arche .  A writ dated 22 Feb "30 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Pont del Arche alias de Pont Arche" names "Ralph his brother is his next heir, after William de Pont Arche who was lately outlawed"[597]

3.         RALPH de Pont de l´Arche .  A writ dated 22 Feb "30 Hen III", after the death of "Robert de Pont del Arche alias de Pont Arche" names "Ralph his brother is his next heir, after William de Pont Arche who was lately outlawed"[598]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9.    PORT and ST JOHN

 

 

[Two possible brothers]: 

1.         HUGUES de Port {Port-en-Bessin, Calvados, arr. Bayeux, cant. Ryes} (-1096 or after).  "…Hugo de Portu…" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy granted "Brenerias" to the abbey of Bayeux[599].  "…Hugo de Portu…" witnessed the charter dated to [1066] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy donated "terram…Brenerias" to the church of Bayeux[600].  "…Roger Bigot, Henry de Ferrars, Bernard de Neufmarché…Hugo de Port, Richard Goiz, Eudo dapifer…Robert fitz Tetbald, William de Perci, Robert of Rhuddlan, Nigel de Torp, Roger de Corcella, Alured of Lincoln, William de Falaise, William Malconduit, Godfrey his brother…" witnessed the charter dated to [1086] which notified a plea held by William I King of England concerning "William de Braiose" and Fécamp abbey[601].  Domesday Book records that “Hugh de Port” held land in Milton Regis, Ash, Tunstall, Upchurch and Tonge in Milton Hundred, Kent, Hawley in Axton Hundred, Paddlesworth, Ryarsh and Offham in Larkfield Hundred, Norton and Herste in Faversham Hundred, Poison and Pineham in Bewsbury Hundred, of the bishop of Bayeux in Kent, Abbotstone in Bountisborough, part of St Clair´s in Droxford in Droxford Hundred from the bishop of Winchester, land from the abbot of St Peter Winchester, and his own landholdings in Hampshire, Great Shefford in Eagle Hundred and Purley in Reading Hundred in Berkshire[602].  "…Hugo de Portu…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Jan 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the status of Bath abbey[603].  “…Hugonis de Port…” witnessed the charter dated [May 1092] under which William II King of England confirmed previous grants to Lincoln cathedral[604].  “…Hugonis de Port…” witnessed the charter dated Sep 1093 under which William II King of England donated property to Lincoln cathedral[605].  The History of Gloucester St Peter records that "Hugo de Portu factus monachus vicarious Wyntoniæ" donated "Lyteltone in Hamptaschire" to Gloucester St Peter in 1096, adding that "Henricus filius Hugonis de Portu" confirmed his father´s donation, and that "Adam de Portu" also later confirmed it "tempore Serlonis abbatis"[606]m ORENCE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the Liber Vitæ of the New Minster of Winchester which names "Hugo de Port, Orence coniunx eius"[607].  Hugues & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         HENRY de Port (-after 1133).  The History of Gloucester St Peter records that "Hugo de Portu factus monachus vicarious Wyntoniæ" donated "Lyteltone in Hamptaschire" to Gloucester St Peter in 1096, adding that "Henricus filius Hugonis de Portu" confirmed his father´s donation[608].  Henry de Port gave a rent to Rochester cathedral priory, with the consent of "his wife Hawise and his son Hugh", by charter dated 1108[609].  Henry de Port founded the priory of Sherborne as the cell of the abbey of Saint-Vigor de Cérisy by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Hawise and his sons William and John"[610].  "Henricum de Port" held three knights` fees in Bayeux in 1133[611]m HAWISE, daughter of ---.  Henry de Port gave a rent to Rochester cathedral priory, with the consent of "his wife Hawise and his son Hugh", by charter dated 1108[612].  Henry de Port founded the priory of Sherborne as the cell of the abbey of Saint-Vigor de Cérisy by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Hawise and his sons William and John"[613].  Henry & his wife had [four] children: 

i)          HUGH de Port (-after 1108).  Henry de Port gave a rent to Rochester cathedral priory, with the consent of "his wife Hawise and his son Hugh", by charter dated 1108[614]

ii)         WILLIAM de Port .  Henry de Port founded the priory of Sherborne as the cell of the abbey of Saint-Vigor de Cérisy by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Hawise and his sons William and John"[615]

iii)        JOHN de Port (-1168 before 29 Sep).  Henry de Port founded the priory of Sherborne as the cell of the abbey of Saint-Vigor de Cérisy by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Hawise and his sons William and John"[616]

-         see below

iv)       [ADAM de Port (-after 1160).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Adam de Port xl vii milites et dimidium" in Hereford in [1160/61][617].  This appears too early for the entry to refer to Adam de Port, son of John de Port, assuming that his birth date is correctly estimated below.  This would suggest that Adam belonged to an earlier generation of the family.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Adam de Port xv l ii s" in Hereford in [1167/68][618].] 

b)         ADELAIDE de Port (-after 1107).  "Adelidis soror Henrici de Port" held a house in Winchester in [1107/15][619]

c)         [EMMA de Port (-after 1107).  A charter listing the property of Whitby Monastery names ”Emma de Port” as wife of “Willielmus de Perci cognomento Algernuus[620].  “Willelmus de Perci” donated property to the monks of Whitby “et Serloni priori fratri meo”, for the souls of “…Emma de Port uxore mea et Alano de Perci filio meo”, by charter dated to [1090/96], witnessed by “Emma de Port uxor mea, Alanus, Walterus et Willielmus filii mei, Ernaldus de Perci…[621].  "Emma de Percy" held a house in Winchester in [1107/15][622]m WILLIAM de Percy, son of --- (-Jerusalem [1097/1100], bur Jerusalem). 

2.         [HUBERT de Port (-after 1086).  Domesday Book records land held by “Hubert de Port” in Mapledurwell in Basingstoke Hundred in Hampshire[623].  This holding is recorded following the main holding of Hugues de Port in Hampshire, which suggests a close family connection: maybe they were brothers.] 

 

3.         ADAM de Port (-after 1114).  "…Ada de Port…" witnessed the charter dated 1114 under which Henry I King of England granted the land of Roger de Worcester to Walter de Beauchamp[624]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not known: 

1.         ADAM de Port .  "Adam de Port" notified the bishop of Lincoln of his grant to the church of "Hattele" by undated charter, witnessed by "Herndaldo de Mandeville et domina Alicia uxore sua, domina Matiltide uxore dicti Adæ de Port, Henrico de Port fratre eiusdem, Galfrido de Mandeville"[625]m MATILDA de Mandeville, daughter of ERNULF de Mandeville & his wife Alice d´Oilly.  "Adam de Port" notified the bishop of Lincoln of his grant to the church of "Hattele" by undated charter, witnessed by "Herndaldo de Mandeville et domina Alicia uxore sua, domina Matiltide uxore dicti Adæ de Port, Henrico de Port fratre eiusdem, Galfrido de Mandeville"[626]

2.         HENRY de Port .  "Adam de Port" notified the bishop of Lincoln of his grant to the church of "Hattele" by undated charter, witnessed by "Herndaldo de Mandeville et domina Alicia uxore sua, domina Matiltide uxore dicti Adæ de Port, Henrico de Port fratre eiusdem, Galfrido de Mandeville"[627]

 

 

JOHN de Port, son of HENRY de Port & his wife Hawise --- (-1168 before 29 Sep).  Henry de Port founded the priory of Sherborne as the cell of the abbey of Saint-Vigor de Cérisy by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Hawise and his sons William and John"[628].  John de Port confirmed his father´s donations to Sherborne by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Maud and his sons Adam and Hugh", in which he requests burial at the abbey[629].  "John son of Henry de Port" donated land "of Warneford…Weleg" to Montacute priory by undated charter[630].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Port" used to hold two knights` fees in Hampshire now held by "Johannes de Port"[631]

m MATILDA, daughter of ---.  John de Port confirmed his father´s donations to Sherborne by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Maud and his sons Adam and Hugh"[632]

John & his wife had [four] children: 

1.         ADAM de Port ([1150/55]-[25 Jun/28 Jul] 1213)John de Port confirmed his father´s donations to Sherborne by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Maud and his sons Adam and Hugh"[633].  "Adam de Portu" confirmed the donation of land "of Warneford…Weleg" to Montacute priory, made by "Henry his grandfather and John his father", by undated charter[634].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Adam de Port filius Johannis de Port lv l, de novo xl s" in Hampshire in [1171/72][635].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Adam de Port filius Iohannis" in Hampshire[636].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Adam de Port" paying "xxvii l x s, lv milites" in Hampshire, and "feoda Adam de Port de Kinetone" paying "xi l vi s vi d" in Herefordshire[637].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "feodum Adæ de Port" paying "xxii l, xiii milites" in Herefordshire, and also in Hampshire and Berkshire[638].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Adam de Port" among those granted delay for payment "per brevia" in Kent[639].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land from the king in Hertfordshire, dated to [1204/12]: "Adam de Portu" held land "in Clahall"[640].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Adam de Portu" holding one knight´s fee and one half "in Chesingebiria" in Wiltshire in [1210/12][641]m firstly MABILE d´Orval, daughter of RENAUD d´Orval & his wife Muriel de Saint-Jean.  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Mabiliam" as the daughter of “Willielmum et Robertum se sancto Johanne…Murielem sororem suam” and her husband “Reginaldo de Aurea-valle”, adding that she married "Adæ de Port"[642]m secondly as her second husband, SIBYL, widow of WILLIAM de Ferrers Earl [of Derby], daughter of [WILLIAM de Briouse Lord of Bramber & his wife Bertha of Hereford].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Adam & his first wife had [four] children: 

a)         WILLIAM de St John (-1239).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Willielmum secundum" as the son of "Adæ de Port" and his wife[643].  "William de Sancto Johanne, son of Adam de Portu" confirmed the donation of land "of Warneford…Weleg" to Montacute priory, made by "Henry his triavus, John his grandfather and Adam his father", by undated charter[644].  “Willielmus de sancto Johanne, filius et heres Adæ de Port” confirmed donations to Boxgrove priory by “Robertus de Haia, Rogerus, et Willielmus et Robertus de sancto Johanne, antecessores mei", by undated charter, signed by "Philippo de Tresgoz, Richardo filio suo, Rogero Hay…", by undated charter[645]m as her first husband, GODEHEUT Paynel, daughter of ---.  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Godehelda filia N. Pagnell" as the wife of “Willielmum secundum”, son of "Adæ de Port"[646].  She married secondly (1242 or before) Richard de Lucy.  William & his wife had five children: 

i)          GEOFFREY de St John

ii)         ROBERT de St John (-[11/25] Mar 1267).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Robertum" as the son of “Willielmum secundum”, son of "Adæ de Port"[647]m as her first husband, AGNES de Cauntelo, daughter of WILLIAM [III] de Cauntelou & his [first] wife Mélisende de Gournay (-after 1279).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Agneta filia Willielmi de Cantilupo" as the wife of “Robertum”, son of "Willielmum secundum"[648].  She married secondly (before 4 Jun 1271) John de Turville.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       JOHN de St John (-[20/29] Sep 1301).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Johannem" as the son of “Robertum [de sancto Johanne]” and his wife[649].    

-         see below

iii)        ADAM de St John

iv)       WILLIAM de St John

v)        GODEHEUT de St Johnm firstly WILLIAM de Ros of Kent, son of ---.  m secondly HUGH de Wyndleshores, son of ---. 

b)         [ROGER de St John .  The parentage of Roger de St John has not been confirmed but it would fit from a chronological point of view if he was the son of Adam de Port.  m (before 1212) --- de Lucy, sister of RICHARD de Lucy, daughter of --- de Lucy & his wife ---.  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by the Testa de Nevill which includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Richard de Lucy" gave "Wolenested…medietatem…hundredum de Tenhrigg" in Surrey to "Rogero de Sancto Johanne cum sorore sua in maritagium"[650].]  

c)         [JOHN de St John (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Johannes de Sancto Johanne" holding land in "hundredo de Bulenden et de Soteleu" in Oxfordshire[651].  The parentage of John de St John has not been confirmed but from a chronological point of view he could have been the son of Adam de Port.  m as her first husband, EMMA d'Harcourt, daughter of RICHARD d'Harcourt & his wife --- (-after 1265).  .  She married secondly Geoffrey le Despencer.  Henry III King of England granted custody of land of "Johannis de Sancto Johanne", during the minority of his heirs, to "Galfrido Dispensario" and granted the marriage of "dictorum heredum" to "Hugoni Dispensario fratri ipsius Galfridi" dated [Apr] 1230[652].  King Henry III granted custody of lands of "Johannis de Sancto Johanne" to "Galfrido Dispensario…et Emma uxor eius", until the majority of his heirs, dated 21 Dec 1231[653].] 

d)         JOAN de Port (-[1204/13]).  The early 13th century Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal records that "la fillie sire Adam de Port" married "son frére" (indicating the brother of William Marshal Earl of Pembroke)[654].  "Ric de Riveriis" paid a fine to marry "filia Ade de Port", dated [1200/01][655]m firstly JOHN "the Marshal", son of JOHN FitzGilbert "the Marshal" & his second wife Sibyl of Salisbury ([1144/45]-Mar 1194, bur Bradenstoke).  m secondly ([1200/01]) as his second wife, RICHARD de Rivers, son of --- (-[4 Dec 1221/15 Mar 1222]).    

2.         HUGH de Port .  John de Port confirmed his father´s donations to Sherborne by undated charter witnessed by "his wife Maud and his sons Adam and Hugh"[656]

3.         THOMAS .  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Tomas filius Matildis de Port" in Hampshire[657]

4.         [GILBERT de Port (-after 1212).  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Gilbertus de Port" held "Thornton…hundredum de Gillingeham" in Dorset, adding that it was "per servicium…de excæta de feodo qui fuit Ade de Port fugitivi"[658].  The relationship between Adam de Port and Gilbert de Port has not been ascertained.  They could not have been father and son, as Adam´s descendants adopted the name St John.  It is possible that they were brothers.] 

 

 

JOHN de St John, son of ROBERT de St John & his wife Agnes de Cantelou (-[20/29] Sep 1301).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Johannem" as the son of “Robertum [de sancto Johanne]” and his wife[659]

m (before 29 Jun 1256) ALICE, daughter of REGINALD FitzPiers & his first wife Alice --- (-after 1305).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Alicia filia Reginaldi filii Petri" as the wife of “Johannem [de sancto Johanne][660]

John & his wife had two children: 

1.         JOHN de St John ([1271/74]-before 4 Apr 1329).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Johannem" as the son of “Johannem [de sancto Johanne]” and his wife[661].  He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord St John.  m firstly ISABEL de Courtenay, daughter of Sir HUGH de Courtenay of Okehampton, Devon & his wife Eleanor le Despencer (-after Feb 1323).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Isabellam filiam nobilis viri Hugonis de Cortenay" as the wife of “Johannes secundus [de sancto Johanne][662]m secondly as her first husband, ALICE, daughter of ---.  She married secondly (after 22 Jun 1333) as his second wife, Sir Reynold de Pavely.  John & his first wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM de St John (14 Jun 1309-).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "W. et Hugonem" as the sons of “Johannes secundus [de sancto Johanne]” and his wife, adding the former was born "XVIII Kal Jul" in 1309 but died childless[663]

b)         HUGH de St John (-before 25 Oct 1335).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "W. et Hugonem" as the sons of “Johannes secundus [de sancto Johanne]” and his wife[664].  He succeeded his father as Lord St John, but was never summoned to Parliament.  m as her first husband, MIRABEL, daughter of ---.  She married secondly (before 10 Mar 1337) Thomas de Aspale of Kent.  Hugh & his wife had three children: 

i)          EDMUND de St John ([1332/33]-Calais 18 Aug 1347).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex names "Edmundum" as the son of “Hugonem [de sancto Johanne]”, adding that he died childless and was succeeded by his sisters who divided "baroniam de Halnak"[665].  He succeeded his father as Lord St John.  m as her first husband, ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-[14/16] Sep 1362).  She married secondly (before 3 Jul 1354) as his second wife, Gerard de Lisle Lord Lisle of Kingston Lisle, and thirdly Sir Richard Pembrugge

ii)         MARGARET de St John (-19 Oct 1361).  m ---. 

iii)        ISABEL de St John (-[16/17] Oct 1393).  A manuscript recording the founding of Boxgrove Priory, Sussex records that "Isabella" one sister of “Edmundus [de sancto Johanne]” married "Bartholomeo Burghersh juniori", divided "baroniam de Halnak" with her sister after their brother died, but died childless by her first husband and married secondly "nobilis vir dominus Lucas de Poinings, qui genuit Thomam de Poininges, qui Thomas genuit Hugonem ex domina Johanna Strange, qui Hugo genuit filios et filias"[666]m firstly (Aug 1347 or before) HENRY de Burghersh, son of BARTHOLOMEW de Burghersh Lord Burghersh & his wife Elizabeth de Verdon (-Nov 1348).  m secondly (before 29 Jan 1349) LUKE de Poynings, son of THOMAS de Poynings Lord Poynings & his wife Agnes de Rokesle (-[5 Jun/4 Jul] 1376). 

c)         [MARGARET (-19 Nov 1361).  The Complete Peerage states that Margaret, wife of John Lord Beauchamp, was “most probably da. of John St John [1st Lord St John of Basing] by Isabel, da. of Sir Hugh Courtenay” but does not explain the basis for this statement[667]m JOHN Beauchamp, son of JOHN Beauchamp Lord Beauchamp [of Somerset] & his wife Joan [Chenduit] ([after 4 Oct 1304]-19 May 1343).  He succeeded his father in 1336 as Lord Beauchamp.] 

2.         AGNES de St John ([1274/75]-Tiverton 11 Jun 1345, bur 27 Jun 1345 Cowick, near Exeter).  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records that ”dominus Hugo secundus” married “dominæ Agnetæ sorori sororii sui domini Johannis de St. John” when she was 17 years old[668].  The Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia of Forde Abbey records the death “1340 die Dominica in festo sanctæ Trinitatis et sancti Barnabæ Apostoli…apud Tiverton” of “domina Agneta de Courtnay comitissa Devoniæ” and her burial “apud Cowick prope Exon.[669]m (1292) HUGH de Courtenay, son of Sir HUGH de Courtenay of Okehampton, Devon & his wife Eleanor le Despencer ([1275]-23 Dec 1340, bur Cowick, near Exeter).  He was declared Earl of Devon in 1335. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 10.  RIDEL

 

 

A.      RIDEL

 

 

Any connection between this family and the Ridel family who were Dukes of Gaeta in southern Italy between 1068 and 1091, see the document SOUTHERN ITALY (1), has not yet been established. 

 

 

[Three] siblings, parents not yet identified: 

1.         GEOFFREY Ridel (-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120).  Domesday Book records that the king gave land in Horsey, Norfolk to “Roger Bigod...when his brother William came from Apulia with Geoffrey Ridel[670].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Joffrid Ridel and Geva his wife and his sister the lady Hawise" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[671].  Dapifer.  Royal justiciar.  He was granted Drayton Basset in Staffordshire.  Orderic Vitalis names "Goisfredus Ridel" among those who drowned in the White Ship in 1120[672]m GEVA, illegitimate daughter of HUGUES d´Avranches Earl of Chester & his mistress --- (-after 1120).  “Geva, filia Hugonis comitis Cestriæ, uxor Galfridi Ridelli” founded Canwell priory, with the consent of “Ranulfi comitis Cestriæ cognate mei…hæredum meorum…Gaufridi Ridelli et Radulfi Basset”, by undated charter[673].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Joffrid Ridel and Geva his wife and his sister the lady Hawise" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[674].  "Radulphus comes Cestriæ, Willelmo Constabulario et Roberto dapifero" confirmed the grant of "Draitune…in libero conjugio" to "Gevæ Ridel, filiæ comitis Hughes" by charter dated to [1120][675].  Geoffrey & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROBERT Ridel ([after 1100/05]-after 1120).  Henry I King of England confirmed that he had granted "filiam Galfridi Ridel in uxorem" to "Ricardo Basset", together with the wardship of "terre predicti G. Ridel" until "Robertus Ridel" became a knight and married "neptem Radulfi Basset, scilicet filiam cuiusdam filie sue de muliere", by charter dated to [1120/23][676].  Robert presumably died soon afterwards as no further record of him has been found and his father´s lands passed to the husband of his sister Matilda. 

b)         MATILDA .  Henry I King of England confirmed that he had granted "filiam Galfridi Ridel in uxorem" to "Ricardo Basset", together with the wardship of "terre predicti G. Ridel" until "Robertus Ridel" became a knight and married "neptem Radulfi Basset, scilicet filiam cuiusdam filie sue de muliere", by charter dated to [1120/23][677].  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter under which Empress Matilda granted property held by "pater eius Ricardus Basset…[et] Galfridi Ridel avi sui" to "Galfrido Ridel filio Ricardi Basset", dated to [1144/46][678]m ([1120/23]) RICHARD Basset, son of RALPH Basset & his wife A--- (-1144 or before). 

c)         MABEL (-after 1130).  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that Richard married "Mabilla Ridel" by whom he had "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo et Hugonem Ridel"[679].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Flandr" accounting for "Mabilia uxore Ric de sco Medardo cu dote sua" in Northamptonshire[680]m RICHARD de Saint-Médard, son of ANSKETIL de Saint-Médard & his wife --- (-before 1130). 

2.         HAWISE (-after 1114).  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Joffrid Ridel and Geva his wife and his sister the lady Hawise" visited Croyland (dated to 1114)[681]

3.         [MATHIEU (-1107).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Mathias de Monte Sancti Michaelis" succeeded “Turold” as abbot of Peterborough, dated to [1071] from the context[682].  Prévost specifies in a footnote that Mathieu was “frère de Geoffroi Ridel, justicier du roi” but does not cite the source on which this statement is based.  The Chronicon Angliæ Petriburgense records the death of Abbot Turold in 1098, the succession of “Godricum” (specifying that he was deposed by Archbishop Anselm, leaving a five year vacancy), the appointment of “Matthias...post Godericum” in 1104, and the appointment of “Arnulfus prior Cantuariæ” in 1107 (without specifying that this followed the death of Mathieu)[683].] 

 

 

 

B.      RIDEL (BASSET)

 

 

GEOFFREY Ridel, son of RICHARD Basset & his wife Matilda Ridel (-1180).  Empress Matilda granted property held by "pater eius Ricardus Basset…[et] Galfridi Ridel avi sui" to "Galfrido Ridel filio Ricardi Basset" by charter dated to [1144/46], witnessed by "…Walchelino Maminot [et] Rogero filio"[684].  "Galfridus Ridel" granted Colston "de feodo meo quæ fuit Gevæ Ridel avæ nostræ…Draituna", which "Radulfus Basset avus meus et Ricardus Basset pater noster" had granted, to "Radulfo Basset fratri meo", as well as other grants naming "Matildis Ridel matris meæ", by charter dated to [1150][685].  "Robertus de Stafford" confirmed "terram de Madeleya" to "Galfrido Ridel", with the consent of "domine Amicie uxori sue", by undated charter[686].  "Gaufridus Ridel" confirmed a grant of property to "Johanni de Stutuilla" in his fee by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "…R. filius Nicolai de Stutavilla, Thomas frater suus…"[687].  "Gaufridus Ridel" granted various properties in the counties of Leicester, Rutland and Northampton to "Johanni fratri meo" by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "…Radulfus Basset, Richardus Basset, W. Basset…Hugo Ridel…"[688].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Galfridus Ridel iv l iv s vii d" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1161/62][689].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Galfridus Ridel" held one knight´s fee from "Roberti di Staffordia" in Staffordshire, and records the knights´ fees held from "Galfridus Ridel" in Northamptonshire, previously held by "Ricardus Basset pater suus" during the reign of King Henry I[690]

m firstly AMICE, daughter of ---.  "Robertus de Stafford" confirmed "terram de Madeleya" to "Galfrido Ridel", with the consent of "domine Amicie uxori sue", by undated charter[691].   

m secondly SIBYLLA Mauduit, daughter of WILLIAM Mauduit & his wife Matilda de Hanslope (-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[692].  Another passage in the same source records property “in Frixtone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Gaufridi Ridel et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that “Gaufridus Basset ei dedit in dotem” and that “Ricardus Basset” is heir[693]

Geoffrey & his first wife had one child: 

1.         RICHARD Basset (-1217).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[694].    

-        BASSET of WELDON, NORTHAMPTONSHIRE

Geoffrey & his second wife had three children: 

2.         [GEOFFREY Ridel (-before 11 Aug 1203).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[695].  An order of King John dated 11 Aug 1203 grants "terre et heredis Gaufridi Ridell fratris sui qui mortuus est" to "S. Ridell"[696].  It is not known whether these brothers were the sons of Geoffrey Ridel by his second wife.]

3.         [S--- Ridel (-after 11 Aug 1203).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[697].  An order of King John dated 11 Aug 1203 grants "terre et heredis Gaufridi Ridell fratris sui qui mortuus est" to "S. Ridell"[698].  It is not known whether these brothers were the sons of Geoffrey Ridel by his second wife.]

4.         daughter .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records property “in Westone” held by “Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel, et soror Willelmi Mauduit”, adding that she has “ii filios et i filiam”, but that “Ricardus Basset, qui fuit de prima uxore viri sui” was the heir[699]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11.  RIE

 

 

1.         HUBERT [I] de Riem ---.  The name of Hubert´s wife is not known.  Hubert [I] & his wife had six children: 

a)         EUDES de Rie (-1 Mar 1120, bur Colchester)His parentage is confirmed by the History of the foundation of St John´s abbey, Colchester which names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[700].  "…Eudo dapifer" witnessed the charter dated to [1072] under which William I King of England summoned knights to attend Easter at Clarendon[701].  "…Eudo de Ria fitz Hubert…Engelramn fitz Hubert [=Hilbert]…" witnessed the charter dated 14 Jul 1080 under which William I King of England confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Lessay[702].  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Eudo…dapifer Regis…sororis suæ Muriellæ" dated to [1080], witnessed by "…Radulfo fratre Ilgeri, Rogero vicecomite et Osberno sororio Eudonis et Walgero filio eius…"[703].  "…Eudo, Adam brother of Eudo…Richard de Meri, Geoffrey de Sai, Robert de Oilli" witnessed the charter dated 1084 under which William I King of England confirmed a donation by Roger de Albini to Lessay Holy Trinity[704].  Domesday Book records “Eudo fitzHubert” holding Ashe in Overton Hundred in Hampshire; St Leonards in Ripplesmere Hundred in Berkshire; "Eudo the Steward" holding numerous properties in Essex, in Norfolk and in Suffolk[705].  "…Eudo dapifer, Ivo dapifer, Hanno dapifer…" witnessed the charter dated 27 Jan 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the status of Bath abbey[706].  The History of the foundation of St John´s abbey, Colchester records the death “pridie Kal Mar 1120” of “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, and that “Waltherius eius nepos” brought his body for burial[707].  Dapifer.  m ROHESE, daughter of ---.  The sources are contradictory regarding Rohese´s parentage.  According to Guillaume de Jumièges and the Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, she was Rohese, widow of Richard FitzGilbert de Brionne, daughter of Gauthier Giffard & his wife Ermengarde (-after 1113, bur [Colchester]).  Guillaume de Jumièges names "Galterium Giffardum primum” as father of “secundum Galterium Giffardum et filias plures” of whom “una...Rohais” married “Richardo filio comitis Gisleberti[708].  According to the Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, ”Rohesia” married secondly “Eudoni dapifero Regis Normanniæ” after the death of “Ricardo filio comitis Gisleberti” and that they were both buried “tempore Henrici primi” in “castrum Clecestriæ…cœnobio in honore sancti Johannis” which Eudo constructed[709].  According to the Complete Peerage, this genealogy is “probably erroneous” but it does not explain the basis for the doubts[710].  From a chronological point of view, the connection would be tight, assuming that the death date of Richard FitzGilbert is correctly estimated to [1090] and the birth of Rohese´s granddaughter by her alleged second marriage, Beatrix, is correctly assessed at [1105].  An alternative perspective is provided by the History of the foundation of St John´s abbey, Colchester which names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ” and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[711].  If this is correct, she would have been Rohese, daughter of Richard FitzGilbert de Brionne & his wife Rohese Giffard (-7 Jan 1121, bur Le Bec, Normandy[712]), therefore the daughter of the previous Rohese.  Eudes & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)          MARGUERITE ([1080/90]-).  The Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names “Margareta” as daughter of “Eudoni dapifero Regis Normanniæ” and “Rohesia”, adding that she married “Willielmo de Mandavill” by whom she was mother of “Gaufridi filii comitis Essexiæ et iure matris Normanniæ dapifer[713].  According to the Complete Peerage, this genealogy is “probably erroneous” but it does not explain the basis for the doubts[714].  Marguerite´s second marriage is suggested by the charter dated [1141/42] under which Empress Matilda made various grants of property including a grant to "Willelmo filio Otuel fratri…Comitis Gaufredi"[715].  The only Ottiwell has been identified was the illegitimate son of Hugh Earl of Chester.  m firstly ([1100/05]) WILLIAM de Mandeville, son of GEOFFREY de Mandeville & his first wife Adelisia --- (-[1116]).  m secondly ([1116/19]) OTTIWELL, [maybe OTTIWELL FitzHugh, illegitimate son of HUGH Earl of Chester & his mistress ---] (-drowned off Barfleur, Normandy 25 Nov 1120). 

b)         RAOUL .  The History of the foundation of St John´s abbey, Colchester names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[716].  Constable of Nottingham. 

c)         HUBERT [II] (-before 1127).  The History of the foundation of St John´s abbey, Colchester names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[717]

-        see below

d)         ADAM .  The History of the foundation of St John´s abbey, Colchester names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[718].  Custodian of Kent castle.  "…Eudo, Adam brother of Eudo…Richard de Meri, Geoffrey de Sai, Robert de Oilli" witnessed the charter dated 1084 under which William I King of England confirmed a donation by Roger de Albini to Lessay Holy Trinity[719]

e)         ROBERT (-1082).  Orderic Vitalis records that "Rodbertus Huberti de Ria filius" was appointed bishop of Evreux, dated to [1070][720]

f)          [MATILDA .  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger de Sumeri" in Kent for holdings "tra Matis uxoris sue"[721].  Her parentage is indicated by Domesday Descendants saying that the land in question was held by Adam FitzHubert, brother of Eudes dapifer, in Domesday Book[722].  Her family origin appears corroborated by her daughter naming her son Adam, presumably after his maternal great-uncle.  No indication has been found of the name of Matilda´s husband.]  m ---.  One child: 

i)          CHRISTIANA (-after 1139).  Domesday Descendants cites a charter under which Roger de Somery donated property to Rochester St Andrew, naming his wife Christiana, undated[723].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger de Sumeri" in Kent for holdings "tra Matis uxoris sue"[724].  King Stephen confirmed a donation to Stratford-at-Bow priory of land at Haslingfield, Cambridgeshire by "Cristiana de Sumeri et filii sui" by charter dated to [1139/54][725]m ROGER [I] de Somery, son of --- (-after 1129). 

g)         MURIEL .  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Eudo…dapifer Regis…sororis suæ Muriellæ" dated to [1080], witnessed by "…Radulfo fratre Ilgeri, Rogero vicecomite et Osberno sororio Eudonis et Walgero filio eius…"[726].  The charter does not specify that the witness Osbern was the husband of Muriel, as well as brother-in-law of Eudes, but this appears probable.  [m OSBERN, son of ---.  Osbern & his wife had one child]: 

i)          [WALGER .  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Eudo…dapifer Regis…sororis suæ Muriellæ" dated to [1080], witnessed by "…Radulfo fratre Ilgeri, Rogero vicecomite et Osberno sororio Eudonis et Walgero filio eius…"[727].] 

2.         [--- .]  m ---.  One child: 

a)         ROGER .  "…Rogerius nepos Huberti de Ria…" witnessed a charter dated to [1070/80] which records that "Hubertus Ribola et Garsendis uxore eius" wrongly made claims to "ecclesia Sancte Marie de Curte Dominica"[728]

 

 

1.         --- de Rie m BEATRIX de Grantmesnil, daughter of --- de Grantmesnil & his wife Emma ---.  "Beatrix de Rye" donated property to Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, for the health of "Emma sa mère et de Guillaume de Grentesmesnil son frère" and confirmed their donations to the abbey, in return for a horse for "son fils Guillaume de Rye", by undated charter witnessed by "Guillaume de Creully, Henri de Pont-Audemer, Michel Belet et Julien de Rye"[729].  One child: 

a)         GUILLAUME de Rie .  "Beatrix de Rye" donated property to Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, for the health of "Emma sa mère et de Guillaume de Grentesmesnil son frère" and confirmed their donations to the abbey, in return for a horse for "son fils Guillaume de Rye", by undated charter witnessed by "Guillaume de Creully, Henri de Pont-Audemer, Michel Belet et Julien de Rye"[730]

 

 

HUBERT [II] de Rie, son of HUBERT [I] de Rie & his wife --- (-before 1127).  The History of the foundation of St John´s abbey, Colchester names “Eudoni…major domus regiæ”, “pater…eius…Hubertus de Ria, qui internuntius et sequester inter ducem Normanniæ et regem Angliæ…”, his three brothers “Radulfus...custodia castelli et comitatus Notingehamiæ, Hubertus…turris Norwici…Adam…in Cantia”, and “Roasya uxor eius…Gilbertum comes, Rohaisæ frater[731].  Custodian of Norwich castle.  "…Hubert de Rye…" witnessed the charter dated 1091 under which William II King of England confirmed the possessions of the church of Salisbury[732].  “…Hubert de Ria…” witnessed the charter dated [May 1092] under which William II King of England confirmed previous grants to Lincoln cathedral[733].  “…Huberti de Ria…” witnessed the charter dated Sep 1093 under which William II King of England donated property to Lincoln cathedral[734].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of "decimas de Hokeringhe, de Swanetuna, de Depham, de Bukestuna, de Mercheshale" by "Hubertus de Ria…Agnes de Belfo uxor eius…cum Ricardo filio suo" to Holy Trinity, Norwich, at the request of "Henrici filii et heredis ipsorum", by charter dated to [1127][735]

m as her second husband, AGNES de Tosny, widow of RALPH de Belfou, daughter of ROBERT de Tosny of Belvoir & his wife --- (-before 1127).  “Agnes de Toteneio” confirmed the donation to Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire by "pater meus Robertus de Toteneio et mater mea Adelais", by undated charter[736].  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of "decimas de Hokeringhe, de Swanetuna, de Depham, de Bukestuna, de Mercheshale" by "Hubertus de Ria…Agnes de Belfo uxor eius…cum Ricardo filio suo" to Holy Trinity, Norwich, at the request of "Henrici filii et heredis ipsorum", by charter dated to [1127][737].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son “Henricus de Rya” confirmed the donations to Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire by "Roberti avi mei et Agnetis matris meæ"[738]

Hubert [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         HENRY de Rie (-after 1166).  Henry I King of England confirmed the donation of "decimas de Hokeringhe, de Swanetuna, de Depham, de Bukestuna, de Mercheshale" by "Hubertus de Ria…Agnes de Belfo uxor eius…cum Ricardo filio suo" to Holy Trinity, Norwich, at the request of "Henrici filii et heredis ipsorum", by charter dated to [1127][739].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Henric de Ria" in Norfolk[740].  “Henricus de Rya” confirmed the donations to Belvoir priory, Lincolnshire by "Roberti avi mei et Agnetis matris meæ", by undated charter[741].  King Stephen confirmed the exchange of land between the see of Canterbury and "Henricus de Ria" (confirming the exchange made by "Hubertus de Ria pater Henrici eis in morte sua") by charter dated to after 19 Aug 1146[742].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Henricus de Ria" held three knights´ fees from the bishop of Ely in Cambridgeshire[743]m AVELINE, daughter of ---.  A charter extract, undated, records a grant to "Avelinæ uxori Henrico de Ria", another "ad faciendum Hubertum de Ria militem", a third "ad sororem suam maritandam", and a last "dominus Reginaldus de Warenna suscepit terram Huberti"[744].  The 1167/68 Pipe Roll records payment by "Auelina de Ria" for "filius suus Mil q erat in custodia Regis" in Norfolk/Suffolk[745].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Auelina de Ria…pro filio suo quem fecit militem dum esset in custodia regis" in Norfolk and Suffolk[746].  Henry & his wife had three children: 

a)         HUBERT [III] de Rie (-after 1171).  A charter extract, undated, records a grant to "Avelinæ uxori Henrico de Ria", another "ad faciendum Hubertum de Ria militem", a third "ad sororem suam maritandam", and a last "dominus Reginaldus de Warenna suscepit terram Huberti"[747].  This document suggests that Hubert was the son of Henry and Aveline, which appears confirmed by another charter extract which clarifies his sister´s marriage (see below).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Hubertus de rya xx l" in Yorkshire in [1161/62][748].  The 1167/68 Pipe Roll records payment by "Auelina de Ria" for "filius suus Mil q erat in custodia Regis" in Norfolk/Suffolk[749].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Hubert de Rie xxxv l per Rogerum de Warenne" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1171/72][750]

b)         daughter .  A charter extract, undated, records a grant to "Avelinæ uxori Henrico de Ria", another "ad faciendum Hubertum de Ria militem", a third "ad sororem suam maritandam", and a last "dominus Reginaldus de Warenna suscepit terram Huberti"[751].  This extract is clarified, concerning the last point, by another charter extract, also undated, which records that "dominus Reginaldus de Warenna suscepit terram Huberti de Ria…ad filiam Henrici de Ria maritandam"[752].  The chronology of the Rie family suggests that this marriage took place in [1160/70].  m ([1160/70]) RAINALD de Warenne, son of [RAINALD de Warenne & his wife Alice de Wormgay]. 

c)         daughter .  A charter extract, undated, records "de terra Willelmi filii Baldrici de Tunestale, ad maritandam filiam Henrici de Ria"[753]m WILLIAM FitzBaldric de Tunstall, son of BALDRIC & his wife ---. 

 

 

1.         HUBERT [IV] de Rie (-[1196/1207]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "feoda Huberti de Rya" paying "xvii l x s, per Robertum de Tresgoz, xxxv milites" in Norfolk, Suffolk[754].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Hubertus de Rya" paying "xxxv l" in Norfolk, Suffolk[755]m ---.  The name of Hubert´s wife is not known.  Hubert [IV] & his wife had two children: 

a)         AVELINE de Rie (-[1266/67]).  An order dated 1207 records "Avelina et Isabel filæ et heredes Hub de Rye", in Norfolk[756].  Her marriage is suggested by the Red Book of the Exchequer which records "Johannes Marscallus et Rogerus de Cressi" [the latter married to Aveline´s younger sister] holding 18 knights´ fees "de baronia Huberti de Ria" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][757].  John Marshal gave land in Foulsham, Norfolk to Walsingham priory for the souls of "himself and his wife Aline, for John and Alice, his father and mother, for William Marshal the Earl and Isabel his wife, and for Hubert and Margaret de Rye"[758].  An undated writ "52 Hen III", after the death of "Aelina Marescall alias la Marischal", names "John son of Sir William le Mareschal […her son], aged 12, is her heir"[759]m ([1200]) JOHN Marshall, illegitimate son of JOHN the Marshal & his mistress Alice --- (-1235).  Marshal of Ireland. 

b)         ISABEL de Rie .  "Rob fil Rog" paid a fine for "juniori filia Hubti de Ria ut ipsa maritanda cuidam nepoti suo" in Norfolk & Suffolk, dated 1199[760].  An order dated 1207 records "Avelina et Isabel filæ et heredes Hub de Rye", in Norfolk[761].  "Rog de Cressy" paid a fine for "heritanda I ux Ysabell q fuit uxor Gaufridi de Cestr", dated 1207[762].  A manuscript genealogy of the founders of Horsham priory, Norfolk names “tres filias...Margaretam, Clementiam et Saram” as the children of “Willielmum de Caineto”, son of “domino Roberto filio Walteri fundatori domus sanctæ Fidis de Horsham”, adding that “Margareta” married firstly “cuidam Normanno Hugoni de Crescy”, by whom she had “filium...Rogerum” who married “Isabellam de Ry” and had “quatuor filios...Hugonem, Rogerum, Johannem et Stephanum” all of whom died childless, and secondly “Roberto filio Rogeri[763].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Johannes Marscallus et Rogerus de Cressi" holding 18 knights´ fees "de baronia Huberti de Ria" in Norfolk, Suffolk in [1210/12][764]m firstly ([1199]) GEOFFREY de Chester, son of [ROBERT FitzRoger & his wife ---] (-before 1207).  m secondly (1207 or before) ROGER de Cressy, son of --- (-1246). 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         TOUSTAIN de Riem AGNES de Raveston, daughter of --- (-after 1215).  "Agnes de Raveston, femme de Toustain de Rye chevalier" donated property to Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, with the consent of "son fils Robert de Rye", by charter dated 1215[765].  Toustain & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Rie (-after 1215).  "Agnes de Raveston, femme de Toustain de Rye chevalier" donated property to Saint-Jean-de-Falaise, with the consent of "son fils Robert de Rye", by charter dated 1215[766]

2.         ROBERT de Rie .  "Robert de Rye" confirmed the donation to the abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern by "son frère Toustain chevalier", by undated charter[767]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 12.  RIVERS

 

 

 

1.         RICHARD de Rivers (-[4 Dec 1221/15 Mar 1222])m firstly (repudiated) [as her first husband,] --- (-after 1200).  "Rog de Planes" paid a fine to marry "uxorem quem prima habuit Ric de Riveriis cum terra sua", dated 1200[768]m secondly ([1200/01]) as her second husband, JOAN de Port, widow of JOHN "the Marshal", daughter of ADAM de Port Lord of Basing & his first wife Mabile d´Orval (-[1204/13]).  "Ric de Riveriis" paid a fine to marry "filia Ade de Port", dated [1200/01][769]m thirdly (after 19 Jan 1214) as her second husband, MATILDA de Beauchamp alias de Lucy, widow of GEOFFREY de Lascelles, daughter of WILLIAM de Beauchamp & his wife Matilda de Lucy (-before 19 Jul 1243).  "Ricardus de Ripar" made a fine to marry "Matilld de Lucy dña de Angr", dated 19 Jan 1214[770].  King John granted a licence for "Matillid de Angr uxori Ric de Ripar" relating to her inheritance dated 17 Jun 1216[771].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in the honour of Boulogne, dated to [1217/18], which includes "Ricardus de Rupar cum Mathilde de Lucy" holding "iii milites in Hangr, Roing, Stanford, Cristeshal et in Codrelie in Herfordsir"[772].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Essex, dated 1219, which includes "Matillis de Lucy domina de Angre, maritata est Ricardo de Ripe per Regem Johannem..."[773].  An undated writ after the death of "Maud de Lucy" fails to decide whether her heir was "Sir B. de Ripariis her younger son" or "the son of Sir Richard de Ripariis who was the son of her elder son and who died before her decease", adding that "the son of the said Sir Richard was 4 years old on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary 27 [or 28?] Hen III"[774].  Richard & his third wife had two children: 

a)         RICHARD de Rivers (-before 25 Apr 1243).  An undated writ after the death of "Maud de Lucy" fails to decide whether her heir was "Sir B. de Ripariis her younger son" or "the son of Sir Richard de Ripariis who was the son of her elder son and who died before her decease", adding that "the son of the said Sir Richard was 4 years old on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary 27 [or 28?] Hen III"[775]m ([1237/39]) MARGARET Bisset, daughter of JOHN Bisset & his [second] wife Alice Basset (-Dec 1256 or before).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Hampshire, dated 1249, which include "dicunt quod Margeria de Ripariis filia Johannis Byseth est de donacione regis et est maritanda, et Elena et Isabella sorores sue sunt maritate per dominum Johannem de Plasetis..." with land in “Hundredum de Fordingebrigge[776].  Richard & his wife had three children: 

i)          JOHN de Rivers (9 Sep [1239/40]-before 1 Apr 1294).  An undated writ after the death of "Maud de Lucy" fails to decide whether her heir was "Sir B. de Ripariis her younger son" or "the son of Sir Richard de Ripariis who was the son of her elder son and who died before her decease", adding that "the son of the said Sir Richard was 4 years old on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary 27 [or 28?] Hen III"[777].  His name and parentage are confirmed by the charter dated 6 Feb 1255 under which "Sir Philip Basset" demised to "Sir Richard de Tany" the marriage of "John de Ripariis son of Richard de Ripariis and heir of lady Maud de Lucy"[778].  [m firstly] (Betrothed 6 Feb 1255) MARY de Tany, daughter of RICHARD de Tany & his wife Margery de Stapelford (-after Feb 1255).  Her betrothal is confirmed by a charter dated 6 Feb 1255 under which "Sir Philip Basset" demised to "Sir Richard de Tany" the marriage of "John de Ripariis son of Richard de Ripariis and heir of lady Maud de Lucy" for "one of the daughters of the said Richard" and "the marriage of Maud sister of the said John for…one of his sons", which also names "Sir Richard de Tany and Margery his wife, daughter and heir of Sir William son of Richard de Stapelford"[779].  No record has been found to indicate that this marriage was finalised.  m [secondly] MATILDA de Creye, daughter of --- de Creye & his wife ---.  [m] [thirdly] CHRISTIANA, daughter of --- (-after 1295).]  John & his [second] wife had two children: 

(a)       JOHN de Rivers ([1267/68]-after 1321).  He was summoned to parliament in 1299 whereby he is held to have become Lord Rivers.  m ---.  John & his wife had one child: 

(1)       JOHN de Rivers (-[15 Oct/13 Dec] 1310).  m HELEN, daughter of --- (-after 1325).  John & his wife had one child: 

a.         JOHN de Rivers ([1304/05]-after 1347). 

(2)       EDMUND de Riversm ---.  The name of Edmund´s wife is not known.  Edmund & his wife had one child: 

a.         KATHERINE de Riversm firstly WILLIAM de Lekehull, son of ---.  m secondly JOHN Hall of Sussex, son of ---. 

(3)       CHRISTIANA de Riversm ROBERT de Bulkeley of Eaton, Cheshire, son of ---. 

(b)       JOAN de Riversm Sir WILLIAM de Tracy, son of ---. 

ii)         --- de Rivers (-before Feb 1255). 

iii)        MATILDA de Rivers (-after Feb 1255).  Her betrothal is confirmed by a charter dated 6 Feb 1255 under which "Sir Philip Basset" demised to "Sir Richard de Tany" the marriage of "John de Ripariis son of Richard de Ripariis and heir of lady Maud de Lucy" for "one of the daughters of the said Richard" and "the marriage of Maud sister of the said John for…one of his sons"[780].  No record has been found to indicate that this marriage was finalised.  Betrothed (6 Feb 1255) --- de Tany, son of RICHARD de Tany & his wife ---. 

b)         BALDWIN de Rivers (-1256).  An undated writ after the death of "Maud de Lucy" fails to decide whether her heir was "Sir B. de Ripariis her younger son" or "the son of Sir Richard de Ripariis who was the son of her elder son and who died before her decease", adding that "the son of the said Sir Richard was 4 years old on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary 27 [or 28?] Hen III"[781]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13.  ROLLOS

 

 

Two brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         WILLIAM de Rollos (-before 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Baldwinus filius Gisleb" for "terra Willi de Rullos cum filia Ric fratris sui" in Lincolnshire[782]

2.         RICHARD de Rollos (-[after 1130]).  "Ricardus de Roll[os]" is named holding land "in Thorp et in Twyford" in Lodinton Hundred, Gosecote Wapentake in the Leicestershire survey, dated to [1124/29][783].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Baldwinus filius Gisleb" for "terra Willi de Rullos cum filia Ric fratris sui" in Lincolnshire[784].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "---ic de Rullos" in Westmoreland[785].  “Richard de Rollos" donated the church of St Martin of Rollos to the priory of Saint-Etienne, Plessis-Grimould, with the consent of "his sons Richard and Robert”, by charter dated to [1130][786]m EMMA, daughter of ---.  Domesday Descendants cites a charter which names Richard de Rollo´s wife as Emma and suggests that she was one of the daughters of "the Breton Enison Musard" who held a fief in the honour of Richmond, later recorded as held by Richard[787].  Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "Richard de Rulos" married "the daughter and heiress of Hugh de Evermue, lord of Brunne and Depyng"[788].  If this is correct, she was [Emma] de Evermou, daughter of Hugh de Evermou & his wife --- de Bourne.  Round dismisses this alleged parentage and marriage as chronologically impossible, although his explanation of the chronological difficulties does not appear to be correct[789].  Nevertheless, Ingulph´s Chronicle is, in any case, of dubious authority.  Richard & his wife had four children: 

a)         RICHARD de Rollos (-after [1141/63]).  “Richard de Rollos" donated the church of St Martin of Rollos to the priory of Saint-Etienne, Plessis-Grimould, with the consent of "his sons Richard and Robert”, by charter dated to [1130][790].  “Richard the second de Rollos" donated the churches of Burcy and Saint-Martin de Trottemer to the priory of Saint-Etienne, Plessis-Grimould, for his soul and that of "his wife”, by charter dated to [1141/63][791]m ---. 

b)         ROBERT de Rollos .  “Richard de Rollos" donated the church of St Martin of Rollos to the priory of Saint-Etienne, Plessis-Grimould, with the consent of "his sons Richard and Robert”, by charter dated to [1130][792]

c)         WILLIAM de Rollos .  He is named in Domesday Descendants, without citing the corresponding primary source[793]

d)         ADELINA de Rollos (-after 1130).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Baldwinus filius Gisleb" for "terra Willi de Rullos cum filia Ric fratris sui" in Lincolnshire[794].  A charter of King Edward III confirmed donations to Bourn Priory, among which donations by “Baldevinus filius Gisleberti” with the consent of “filio meo Rogero et uxore mea Adhelina[795]m (before 1130) BALDWIN FitzGilbert de Clare, son of GILBERT FitzRichard de Clare & his wife Adelisa de Clermont (-[1154]).  Lord of Bourne.  Domesday Descendants suggests that Baldwin did not inherit Bourne from his wife, who had older brothers living after their marriage, but that the lordship was regranted by King Henry I after the death of her paternal uncle William de Rollos[796]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14.  ROS

 

 

 

A.      ROS of HELMSLEY

 

 

1.         HERBERT de Ros (-after 13 Jan 1103).  "…Herbertus de Ros…" witnessed the charter dated 13 Jan 1103 which records an agreement between “Philippus de Braosa” and the abbey of Fécamp[797]

 

2.         PIERS de Ros (-before 1129).  A charter of King Henry II, dated to [1156/57], confirmed donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land “in Gillinga Ridale” by “Petrus de Ros[798]m ADELINE Espec, daughter of WILLIAM Espec Lord of Helmsley, Yorkshire and Wark, Northumberland & his wife ---.  Grazebrook discusses the sources relating to the Espec family and concludes that William Espec, who died before 1110, was the father of one son and three daughters, of whom Walter and Adeline[799].  “Walterus Espec et Adelina uxor eius” founded Kirkham Priory, Yorkshire by undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, witnessed by "Willielmo de Buyssy et Jordano de Buyssy et Rogero de Buyssy, filiis Hawisiæ sororis meæ primogenitæ, et Galfrido de Trailli et Willielmo de Trailli et Nicholao de Traille et Gilberto de Trailli, filiis Albredæ sororis meæ secundæ, et Everardo de Roos et Roberto de Ross, filiis Audelinæ sororis meæ junioris…"[800].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Walts Espec" in Yorkshire[801].  Piers & his wife had two children: 

a)         EVERARD de Ros (-1153 or before).  “Walterus Espec et Adelina uxor eius” founded Kirkham Priory, Yorkshire by undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, witnessed by "…Everardo de Roos et Roberto de Ross, filiis Audelinæ sororis meæ junioris…"[802].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records that "Ebrard Dap Willi de Albamara" rendered account of 2 marcs that he may no longer act as steward of Guillaume de Aumâle in Yorkshire[803].  “Dominus Edbrardus filius Petri de Rossa” notified the archbishop of York that he had donated Atwick church to Bridlington priory, for the soul of "Eustachie uxoris mee", by charter dated to [1138/40][804]m EUSTACHIE, daughter of ---.  “Dominus Edbrardus filius Petri de Rossa” notified the archbishop of York of his donation to Bridlington priory, for the soul of "Eustachie uxoris mee", by charter dated to [1138/40][805]

b)         ROBERT de Ros (-[1162/63]).  “Walterus Espec et Adelina uxor eius” founded Kirkham Priory, Yorkshire by undated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, witnessed by "…Everardo de Roos et Roberto de Ross, filiis Audelinæ sororis meæ junioris…"[806].  "Robertus de Ros" confirmed donations to Rievaulx by "Walteri Espec avunculi mei", for the souls of "…fratris mei Everardi", by undated charter, dated to [1147/53], witnessed by "…Roberto clerico nepote domini Roberti de Ros…Stephano nepote domini Roberti de Ros…Thomas de Ros…"[807].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Ros ii m" in Yorkshire and "Robertus de Ros dimidiam marcam" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in [1161/62][808].  The 1162/63 Pipe Roll names "Rob de Ross", with no further words and no payment, and on the following line "Euerard de Ross" paying £30/6/8 in Yorkshire[809].  This unusual arrangement of the names, as well as the large payment, suggest that it represents a record of the death of Robert de Ros and the payment by Everard de Ros of the fine for his inheritance.  [m firstly ---.  As noted Robert de Ros´s known wife Sibylle de Valoignes is recorded in a manuscript relating to the foundation of Rievaulz abbey as the mother of his son Everard.  Everard is named in the 1162/63 Pipe Roll, apparently having already reached the age of majority.  However, these two statements appear mutually incompatible because Sibylle de Valoignes is recorded as having had children by her third marriage which is dated to [1181/82].  The most likely explanation is that the Rievaulx abbey manuscript is incorrect and that Robert´s son Everard was born from an earlier otherwise unrecorded marriage.]  m [secondly] as her first husband, SIBYLLE de Valoignes, daughter of --- (-after 1212, bur Nun Appleton Priory).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Robertum de Roos” married “Sibillam de Valoniis”, by whom he was father of “Willielmum de Roos et Robertum[810].  She married secondly ([1165/66]) William de Percy of Topcliffe, Yorkshire.  Her first and second marriages are confirmed by the 1165/66 Pipe Roll which records "Wills de Pci" accounting for ".cccc. m. p uxore Robti de Ross hnda" in Yorkshire[811].  “Willielmus de Percy” donated Topcliffe church to York Cathedral, for the souls of “uxoris meæ Sybillæ…filiorum quoque et filiarum mearum”, by undated charter witnessed by “Sybilla de Valloniis…[812].  It is assumed that the first witness was the donor´s wife but this is not specified in the document.  She married thirdly ([1181/82]) Ralph de Albini Brito.  Her third marriage is confirmed by the 1181/82 Pipe Roll which records "Radulfus de Alben" accounting for ".cc. m pro ducenda matre Ebrardi de Ros" in Yorkshire[813].  Robert & his [first] wife had one child: 

i)          EVERARD de Ros (before [1141/44]-1183).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Robertum de Roos” married “Sibillam de Valoniis”, by whom he was father of “Everardum de Roos[814].  The 1162/63 Pipe Roll names "Rob de Ross", with no further words and no payment, and on the following line "Euerard de Ross" paying £30/6/8 in Yorkshire[815].  This unusual arrangement of the names, as well as the large payment, suggest that it represents a record of the death of Robert de Ros and the payment by Everard de Ros of the fine for his inheritance, which in turn suggests that Everard (assumed to be Robert´s son) had already reached the age of majority at that time.  However, this dating appears impossible if Everard was the son of Sibylle de Valoignes, who is recorded as having three children by her third husband whom she married in [1181/82].  As discussed above, the best explanation for this apparent contradiction is that Everard was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage of his father.  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Everard de Ros cxii s i d" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][816]m ROHESE Trussebut, daughter of WILLIAM Trussebut Lord of Warter, Yorkshire & his wife Albereda d´Harcourt ([1153/58]-[1194/29 Sep 1196]).  A manuscript history of the foundation of Barwell Priory names “quatuor sorores…Pagani filias…primogenita Mathildis de Doure…Alicia…Roisia…Ascelina” as the heiresses of “Gul. Peverell filius Pagani”, adding that Rohese was mother of “Albreda de Harecourt”, mother of “Galfridus Trussebut…et tres sorores…Roysia, Hillaria et Agatha[817].  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha", adding that Rohese was mother of "Robertus de Ros senior"[818].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Everardum de Roos” married “Rosam”, by whom he was father of “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan[819].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Everardi de Ros que fuit filia Willelmi Trussebut…xxxv” and her land “in Strowestone”, adding that she had "ii filios, primogenitus est xiii annorum et terra eius est in custodia Ranulfi de Glanville"[820].  Everard & his wife had two children: 

(a)       ROBERT de Ros "Fursan" ([1172/73]-before 23 Dec 1226).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Everardum de Roos” married “Rosam”, by whom he was father of “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan[821].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Everardi de Ros que fuit filia Willelmi Trussebut…xxxv” and her land “in Strowestone”, adding that she had "ii filios, primogenitus est xiii annorum et terra eius est in custodia Ranulfi de Glanville"[822].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Ros" paying "lx s x d" in Yorkshire[823].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Robertus de Ros" paying "vi l xviii s" in Yorkshire[824].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Ros" holding parts of one knight´s fee in "Hokintone" in Norfolk, Suffolk, and "baronium de Werc" with two knights´ fees in Northumberland, in [1210/12][825].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Robertus de Ros" holding "baroniam de Werke" in Northumberland which had been granted by King Henry I "vel datum per marritagium vel elemosinam vel aliquo modo"[826].  

-         see below

(b)       PIERS de Ros .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Everardi de Ros que fuit filia Willelmi Trussebut…xxxv” and her land “in Strowestone”, adding that she had "ii filios, primogenitus est xiii annorum et terra eius est in custodia Ranulfi de Glanville"[827]

 

 

ROBERT de Ros "Fursan", son of EVERARD de Ros & his wife Rohese Trussebut ([1172/73]-before 23 Dec 1226, bur London).  The Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle records that "Albreda de Harecurt" was mother of three sisters "Roysia, Hyllaria et Agatha", adding that Rohese was mother of "Robertus de Ros senior"[828].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Everardum de Roos” married “Rosam”, by whom he was father of “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan[829].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Everardi de Ros que fuit filia Willelmi Trussebut…xxxv” and her land “in Strowestone”, adding that she had "ii filios, primogenitus est xiii annorum et terra eius est in custodia Ranulfi de Glanville"[830].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Robertus de Ros" paying "lx s x d" in Yorkshire[831].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Robertus de Ros" paying "vi l xviii s" in Yorkshire[832].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus de Ros" holding parts of one knight´s fee in "Hokintone" in Norfolk, Suffolk, and "baronium de Werc" with two knights´ fees in Northumberland, in [1210/12][833].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records "Robertus de Ros" holding "baroniam de Werke" in Northumberland which had been granted by King Henry I "vel datum per marritagium vel elemosinam vel aliquo modo"[834].  Bailiff of the royal castellany of Bonneville sur Toques in Normandy.  Sheriff of Cumberland 1213-1215.  He was one of the barons appointed to enforce Magna Carta.  He became a Templar, and retired from secular life in 1226[835].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan” became “Templarius” and was buried "Londini"[836]

m (Haddington early 1191) as her second husband, ISABEL, widow of ROBERT de Brus Lord of Annandale, illegitimate daughter of WILLIAM I "the Lion" King of Scotland & his mistress --- Avenal.  The Chronicle of Melrose records the marriage in 1183 of "William king of the Scots…his daughter Isabella" and "Robert de Brus"[837].  The Chronicle of Melrose records the marriage in 1191 of "the king of Scots…his daughter Ysembel (the widow of Robert de Brus)" and "Robert de Ross" at Haddington[838].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan” married “Isabellam filiam regis Scotiæ”, by whom he was father of “Willielmum de Roos et Robertum”, and also lists their descendants[839]

Robert & his wife had two children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Ros (-[1264]), bur Kirkham).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan” married “Isabellam filiam regis Scotiæ”, by whom he was father of “Willielmum de Roos et Robertum”, adding that William inherited "castrum de Hemmisley…et advocationem monasterium de Kirkham, Rievaulxe et de Wardona"[840].  Henry III King of England notified the executors of the testament of "Roberti de Ros" of an arrangement with "Willelmum de Ros" concerning the payment of his father´s debts, dated 13 Nov 1228[841].  The Liber Pluscardensis records that "dominus Willelmus de Ross" claimed the Scottish throne "de legittimacione Ysabellæ antecedentis suæ"[842].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Willielmus de Roos” was buried in Kirkham monastery[843]m LUCY, daughter of --- (-after 1266).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Willielmus de Roos” married “Luciam[844].  William & his wife had children: 

a)         ROBERT de Ros (-17 May 1285, bur Kirkham).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Robertum de Roos" as the son of “Willielmus de Roos” and his wife “Luciam”, adding in a later passage that he was buried in Kirkham monastery[845]m ([5 Jun 1243/17 May 1244]) ISABEL de Albini, daughter of WILLIAM [IV] Brito de Albini Lord of Belvoir & his wife Isabel --- (-15 Jun 1301, bur Newstead, near Stamford).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that "Robertum de Roos" married “Isabellam hæredem D´Albany[846].  "Robert de Ros and Isabel his wife" were granted rights "in the manor of Belver by all bounds by which William de Albiniaco, father of the said Isabel who is his heiress, held…" dated 3 Jul 1252[847].  Robert & his wife had children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Ros (-[12 May/16 Aug] 1316, bur Kirkham).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Willielmum de Ros" as son of "Robertum de Roos" and his wife “Isabellam hæredem D´Albany”, adding that he was buried in Kirkham monastery[848].  He was summoned to parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Ros of Helmsley. 

-         see below

2.         ROBERT de Ros .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Robertum de Roos dictum Fursan” married “Isabellam filiam regis Scotiæ”, by whom he was father of “Willielmum de Roos et Robertum”, adding that Robert inherited "castrum de Warke…et…baronia in Scotia"[849]

 

 

WILLIAM de Ros, son of ROBERT de Ros & his wife Isabel de Albini (-[12 May/16 Aug] 1316, bur Kirkham).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Willielmum de Ros" as son of "Robertum de Roos" and his wife “Isabellam hæredem D´Albany”, adding that he was buried in Kirkham monastery[850].  He was summoned to parliament in 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Ros of Helmsley. 

m (before 1287) MATILDA des Vaux, daughter of JOHN des Vaux & [his wife Joan ---] ([1260/61]-[before 1316], bur Pentney Priory, Norfolk).  An undated manuscript names “Petronilla et Matilda” as the two daughters of John de Vaux, adding that Matilda married “domino Willielmo de Ros et genuit Willelmum primogenitum suum...[851].  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that "Willielmum de Ros" married "Matildam de Vaus hæredem medietatis terrarium Johannis de Vaux"[852].  Inquisitions following a writ dated "15 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vallibus...on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 15 Edw I” name “Petronilla [...aged 28...[who married] William de Nerford] and Maud [...aged 26...[who] married William de Ros] his daughters are his next heirs and of full age[853]

William & his wife had three children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Ros (-3 Feb 1343, bur Kirkham).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Willielmum de Roos" as the son of "Willielmum de Ros" and his wife "Matildam de Vaus", adding that he was buried in Kirkham monastery[854]m as her first husband, MARGERY de Badlesmere, daughter of BARTHOLOMEW de Badlesmere Lord Badlesmere & his wife ---.  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that "Willielmus de Roos" married "Margeriam de Badilsmere"[855].  She married secondly (royal licence 6 Mar 1351) Sir Thomas de Arundel.  She married thirdly as his third wife, Sir John Avenel.  William & his wife had four children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Ros (Frieston, Lincolnshire 19 May 1329-before 3 Dec 1352).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Willielmum, Thomam, Margaretam et Matildam" as the children of "Willielmus de Roos" and his wife "Margeriam de Badilsmere", adding that William died childless "in terra sancta" and was buried there[856]m (before 8 May 1341) as her first husband, MARGARET Neville, daughter of RALPH Neville Lord Neville of Raby & his wife Alice de Audley (-May 1372).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that "Willielmum", son of "Willielmus de Roos" and his wife "Margeriam de Badilsmere", married "Margaretam filiam domini Radulphi de Nevill"[857].  She married secondly (royal licence 26 Feb 1358) as his first wife, Henry de Percy Lord Percy, who was created Earl of Northumberland. 

b)         THOMAS de Ros (Stoke Albany, Northamptonshire 13 Jan 1337-Uffington, Lincolnshire 8 Jun 1384).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Willielmum, Thomam, Margaretam et Matildam" as the children of "Willielmus de Roos" and his wife "Margeriam de Badilsmere", adding that he died "apud Uffington versus terram sanctam" and was buried "in monasterio Ryevallis"[858]m (royal licence 1 Jan 1359) as her second husband, BEATRICE de Stafford, widow of MORICE FitzThomas Earl of Desmond, daughter of RALPH de Stafford Earl of Stafford & his wife Margaret de Audley of the Earls of Gloucester (-Apr 1415).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that "Thomas", son of "Willielmus de Roos" and his wife "Margeriam de Badilsmere", married "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordiæ"[859].  She married thirdly (before 20 Aug 1385) Sir Richard de Burley.  Thomas & his wife had children: 

i)          JOHN de Ros ([1364/1368]-Paphos, Cyprus 6 Aug 1393, bur Rievaulx).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Johannem, Willielmum, Thomam et Robertum, Elizabetham et Margaretam" as the children of "Thomas de Roos" and his wife "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordiæ", adding that John died "sine hærede masculo apud Cypresse peregrinans versus terram sanctam" and was buried "apud Ryevallum"[860]m (before 22 Jun 1382) MARY de Percy, daughter of HENRY Lord Percy & his second wife Joan de Orreby (-York 25 Aug 1394).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that "Johannem", son of "Thomas de Roos" and his wife "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordiæ", married "Mariam de Orebe --- comitis Northumbriæ"[861]

ii)         WILLIAM de Ros ([1367/68]-Belvoir 1 Sep 1414).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Johannem, Willielmum, Thomam et Robertum, Elizabetham et Margaretam" as the children of "Thomas de Roos" and his wife "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordiæ", and that William died “apud Belverum 1 Sep 1414” where he was buried[862]m MARGARET d´Arundel, daughter of JOHN d´Arundel & his wife Eleanor Baroness Mautravers (-3 Jul 1438).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey records that “Willielmus de Roos” married “Margaretam filiam domini Johannis de Arundell”, by whom he was father of “Johannem, Willielmum, Thomam, Robertum et Ricardum, Beatricem, Aliciam, Margaretam et Elizabetham[863]

-         LORDS ROS[864]

iii)        THOMAS de Ros .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Johannem, Willielmum, Thomam et Robertum, Elizabetham et Margaretam" as the children of "Thomas de Roos" and his wife "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordiæ"[865]

iv)       ROBERT de Ros .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Johannem, Willielmum, Thomam et Robertum, Elizabetham et Margaretam" as the children of "Thomas de Roos" and his wife "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordiæ"[866]

v)        ELIZABETH de Ros (-Mar 1424).  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Johannem, Willielmum, Thomam et Robertum, Elizabetham et Margaretam" as the children of "Thomas de Roos" and his wife "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordiæ"[867]m THOMAS de Clifford Lord Clifford, son of ROGER de Clifford Lord Clifford & his wife Maud de Beauchamp (-18 Aug 1391). 

vi)       MARGARET de Ros .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Johannem, Willielmum, Thomam et Robertum, Elizabetham et Margaretam" as the children of "Thomas de Roos" and his wife "Beatricem filiam Radulphi comitis Staffordiæ"[868]

c)         MARGARET de Ros .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Willielmum, Thomam, Margaretam et Matildam" as the children of "Willielmus de Roos" and his wife "Margeriam de Badilsmere"[869]

d)         MATILDA de Ros .  A manuscript narrating the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey names "Willielmum, Thomam, Margaretam et Matildam" as the children of "Willielmus de Roos" and his wife "Margeriam de Badilsmere"[870]

2.         JOHN de Ros .  His parentage is confirmed by the inquisitions following the death of his widow.  m as her second husband, MARGARET, widow of --- Le Despencer, daughter of --- (-22 Jul 1350).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 16 Aug "23 Edw III" after the death of "Margaret de Roos or de Ros...died 22 Jul last” name “Philip le Despencer who died 22 Aug last aged 22 years was her heir...” and notes that “John de Ros knight deceased, sometime husband of the said Margaret was...seized of the manor of Turnumhalle” which after Margaret´s death reverted to “William [error for Thomas?] de Ros a minor...son and heir of William de Ros of Hamelak deceased, brother and heir of the said John de Ros” and that “the said John de Ros...was seised of the manor [of Thornton in Craven]” which reverted to “Thomas son of William de Ros of Hamelak deceased, because the said William was brother and heir of the said John[871]

3.         MARGARET de Ros (-bur Walden Abbey).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Margareta le Roos” as the wife of “Edwardus de Boon” and records that she was buried at Walden with her husband[872]m EDWARD de Bohun, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex & his wife Elizabeth of England (Caldecot [1312]-Low Malden castle, Scotland [10] Nov 1334, bur Walden Abbey). 

 

 

 

B.      ROS of KENT

 

 

1.         GEOFFROY de Ros (-after 1166).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Gaufr de Ros" in Kent for holdings "patris sui"[873]m [SIBYL de Arsic, daughter of ---.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Sibilla de Ros" held fees in Oxfordshire during the reign of King Henry I and now held fees from "Manasser Arsic"[874].]  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Ros (-1190).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name those providing knights for military service with "Willelmi de Ros" in Kent[875].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Ros iv l i m" in Kent in [1167/68][876].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "William de Ros vii l" in Kent in [1171/72][877].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Ros vii l" in Kent in [1186/87][878].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Willelmus de Ros" paying "vii l, per Alexandrem Arsic, custodem heredis" in Kent[879]m MATILDA de Camville, daughter of RICHARD de Camville & his [second wife Melisende ---] (-after 1185).  “Matildis de Ros, filia Ricardi de Canvilla…cum Beatrice filia mea” donated revenue from "molendino de Hildrikesham de maritagio meo" to Clerkenwell St Mary´s, for the souls of "Willielmi de Ros viri mei et Willielmi filii mei", by undated charter[880].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[881].  William & his wife had seven children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Ros ([1164/65]-1223).  “Matildis de Ros, filia Ricardi de Canvilla…cum Beatrice filia mea” donated revenue from "molendino de Hildrikesham de maritagio meo" to Clerkenwell St Mary´s, for the souls of "Willielmi de Ros viri mei et Willielmi filii mei", by undated charter[882].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[883]

ii)         two sons .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[884]

iii)        BEATRICE de Ros .  “Matildis de Ros, filia Ricardi de Canvilla…cum Beatrice filia mea” donated revenue from "molendino de Hildrikesham de maritagio meo" to Clerkenwell St Mary´s, for the souls of "Willielmi de Ros viri mei et Willielmi filii mei", by undated charter[885]

iv)       three daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Matildis de Ros que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunville et soror Gerardi de Kaunville” and her land “in Heldrinham…de feodo Gerardi de Kaunville”, adding that she had "de Willelmo de Ros iii filios et iv filias, primogenitus est xx annorum"[886]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 15.  RUMILLY

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Rumilly [Romilly] of Skipton .  A charter dated to [1069] records the property of Troarn abbey including donations of land at “Tallivalla" by "Turstin de Croilleio, William de Columberiis, Roscelin son of Herald, Robert son of Rainfred, Richard vicomte of Avranches[887]m CECILY, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         CECILY de Rumilly .  “Willielmus de Meschines et Cecilia uxor mea” founded Bolton Priory by undated charter[888].  “Cecilia de Romeli” donated property to Bolton Priory by undated charter which names “gener meus Willielmus nepos regis Scotiæ Duncani[889].  “Willielmus de Meschines et Cecilia uxor mea” founded Bolton Priory by undated charter[890].  “Willielmus filius Ranulphi” confirmed the foundation of St Bee´s priory, Cumberland by undated charter, dated to [1105/20], which refers to donations by himself and “uxoris meæ Ceciliæ…concessione Ranulphi filii mei[891].  Her children by her first marriage used the name Rumilly.  Domesday Descendants notes that Cecily de Rumilly married as her second husband "Henry de Tracy of Barnstaple", without citing the corresponding primary source, but adds that "there is no evidence to suggest that she was the mother of Henry de Tracy´s heir Oliver"[892]m firstly WILLIAM FitzRanulf Meschin, son of RANULF Vicomte du Bessin [Bayeux] & his wife Marguerite [Mathilde] d'Avranches (-[1130/35]).  [893]m secondly as his second wife, HENRY de Tracy of Barnstaple, son of WILLIAM de Tracy & his wife Rohese --- (-[1164/65]). 

b)         [LUCY (-after 15 Jul 1131)Domesday Descendants says that Robert de Rumilly was "doubtless father also of Lucy wife of Jordan de Sai", but does not explain the reasoning[894].  According to Gallia Christiana, the abbey of Aunay was founded 15 Jul 1131 by Jordan “de Saio prope Argentomum” and Lucy his wife[895].  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Aunay, including donations by "Jordani de Saio et Lucie uxoris sue", by charter dated to [1181/89][896]m JORDAN de Say, son of --- (-after 15 Jul 1131).] 

2.         ADELISIA .  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of the abbey of Saint-Martin de Troarn, including donations by "…Adelicie sororis Roberti de Rumilleio…" of property "in Anaeriis et…inter Taillevillam et Sanctum Albinum…", by charter dated to [1155/57][897]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 16.  SAINT-AMAND

 

 

1.         --- m --- de Verdun, daughter of ---.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the order dated 2 Sep 1231 under which Henry III King of England granted repayment terms to [her son] "Amauricus de Sancto Amando" for the debts of "Waltero de verdun avunculo suo cuius heres ipse est"[898].  Her connection with the Verdon family is also inidicated by the charter dated [Oct] 1230 quoted below.  One child: 

a)         AMAURY [I] de Saint-Amand (-[May/Sep] 1241).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1222, by "Almaricus de S. Amando et Isolda uxor eius" against "Ricardum de Cahannes et Sarram uxorem eius" concerning "tercie partis ville de Kideministro…dotem eiusdem Isolde…ad warantum Johannem Biset fratrem et heredem Willelmi [error for Henrici] Bisset quondam viri eiusdem Isolde"[899].  "Aymer de Saint Amand" paid homage to the king "for the lands which Ralph de Verdun his kinsman whose heir he is and who died in parts overseas with the king, held of the king in chief in England" [in Kent], dated [Oct] 1230[900].  Henry III King of England granted repayment terms to "Amauricus de Sancto Amando" for the debts of "Waltero de verdun avunculo suo cuius heres ipse est", dated 2 Sep 1231[901].  Matthew Paris records that "comes Ricardus" [Richard Earl of Cornwall] left for Jerusalem, a marginal note naming "…Aumauri de Sancto Amando senescallus curiæ domini regis…" among those who accompanied him, dated to 1241 "inter Ascensionem et Pentecosten"[902]m firstly ---.  The name of Amaury´s first wife is not known, but the chronology of his son dictates that he must have been born from an earlier marriage of his father.  m secondly as her fifth husband, ISOLDA Pantulf, widow firstly of HUGH de Montpinçon, secondly of WALTER de Tattershall, thirdly of WALTER de Baskerville, fourthly of HENRY Bisset, daughter of WILLIAM [IV] Pantulf of Breedon-on-the-Hill, Leicestershire & his wife Joan de Goldington (-after 1267).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1222, by "Almaricus de S. Amando et Isolda uxor eius" against "Ricardum de Cahannes et Sarram uxorem eius" concerning "tercie partis ville de Kideministro…dotem eiusdem Isolde…ad warantum Johannem Biset fratrem et heredem Willelmi [error for Henrici] Bisset quondam viri eiusdem Isolde"[903].  The Complete Peerage states that her son and heir Robert de Tattershall undertook payment of her debts and orders were made in 1223 and 1228 which would normally connote her death, but that in 1267 she was still prosecuting her rights of dower against her grandson Robert de Tattershall[904].  Amaury & his first wife had one child: 

i)          RALPH de Saint-Amand (-[Jan 1241/28 Jul 1245]).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Leicester, dated 1247, which include "villa de Sadington fuit terra Willelmi de Roulus, Normanni, et Paulinus Paiver tenet eam racione custodie heredis Radulfi filii Almarici de Sancto Amando..."[905]m (after 3 Jun 1234) ASCELINA de Albini, daughter of ROBERT de Albini & his wife --- (-after [Jan] 1241).  The marriage of Asceline d´Aubigny, sister of Robert deceased, was granted to Amaury de Saint-Amand, to the use of Ralph de Saint-Amand his son, dated 3 Jun 1234[906].  Half of land formerly of Joan de Beauchamp in Eastcotts” was granted to “Ralph de St Amand...and Ascelina his wife, one of Joan´s heirs”, dated [Jan] 1241[907].  Ralph & his wife had one child: 

(1)       AMAURY [II] de Saint-Amand (-1285).  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Leicester, dated 1247, which include "villa de Sadington fuit terra Willelmi de Roulus, Normanni, et Paulinus Paiver tenet eam racione custodie heredis Radulfi filii Almarici de Sancto Amando..."[908].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Devon, dated 1249, which include "Almaricus filius Radulfi de Sancto Amando debet esse in custodia domini regis et Palinus Peyvre habet custodiam ipsius..."[909].  The Fine Rolls record the king´s waiver of debts of “predicti Radi patris sui” to "Almarico de Sancto Amando filio et heredi Radi de Sancto Amando" in 1257[910].  A writ dated 12 Nov "13 Edw I", after the death of "Emery (Almaricus) de Sancto Amando" names "Guy his son aged 17 at the feast of the Purification is his next heir"[911]m ---.  The name of Amaury´s wife is not known.  Amaury [II] & his wife had four children: 

(a)       GUY de Saint-Amand (2 Feb [1267/68]-before 28 Oct 1287).  A writ dated 12 Nov "13 Edw I", after the death of "Emery (Almaricus) de Sancto Amando" names "Guy his son aged 17 at the feast of the Purification is his next heir"[912]m LUCY, daughter of ---. 

(b)       AMAURY [III] de Saint-Amand (Mar 1269-29 Jul 1310).  He was summoned to parliament in 1311 whereby he is held to have become Lord St Amand.  A writ dated 31 Jul "4 Edw II", after the death of "Amaury de Sancto Amando" names "John his brother aged 30 […32…27…34] and more is his next heir"[913]m as her first husband, MARY, daughter of --- (-before 11 Apr 1333).  She married secondly John Peyvre Lord Peyvre

(c)       JOHN de Saint-Amand ([1276/83]-before 25 Jan 1330).  A writ dated 31 Jul "4 Edw II", after the death of "Amaury de Sancto Amando" names "John his brother aged 30 […32…27…34] and more is his next heir"[914].  He was summoned to parliament in 1313 whereby he is held to have become Lord St Amand.  A writ dated 25 Jan "4 Edw III", after the death of "John de Sancto Amando" names "Aymer his son aged 15 years on Ash Wednesday last […aged 16 on Tuesday before St Peter in Cathedra last] is his next heir"[915]m (Dec 1313 or after) MARGARET Le Despencer, daughter of HUGH Le Despencer [later Earl of Winchester] & his wife Isabel de Beauchamp. 

-         LORDS ST AMAND[916]

(d)       HAWISE de Saint-Amand (-before May 1287).  Confirmation of charters in favour of the canons of Christchurch Twynham, dated 27 Nov 1313, includes a charter under which "Simon de Monte Acuto, son and heir of Sir William de Monte Acuto" confirmed a conveyance made by "William de Monte Acuto" of the town of Pideleton, for the souls of "William his father, and Hawise wife of the said Simon" dated May 1287[917].  m ([1270]) as his first wife, SIMON de Montagu, son of WILLIAM de Montagu & his wife Berthe --- (after 1250-26 Sep 1316, bur Bruton Priory).  He was summoned to parliament 29 Dec 1299, whereby he is held to have become Lord Montagu. 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 17.  SAINT-CLAIR

 

 

1.         RICHARD de Saint-Clair (-after 1085).  Domesday Book records “Richard de Saint-Clair” holding Wortham from Ralph de Beaufour in Suffolk[918]

 

 

Two brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         WILLIAM de Saint-Clair (-after 1161).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Willo de sco Claro" in Dorsetshire and Huntingdonshire[919].  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Savigny abbey, including donation by "Guillelmi de Sancto Claro et Haimonis fratris eius" of "sextam partem de Taon", by charter dated to [1156/58][920].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "in perdonis Willelmo de Sancto Claro, xxl" in Somerset in [1158/59][921].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Sancto Claro iv l xi s viii d" in Somerset in [1161/62][922]

2.         HAMON de Saint-Clair (-after 1139).  Henry II King of England confirmed the property of Savigny abbey, including the donation by "Guillelmi de Sancto Claro et Haimonis fratris eius" of "sextam partem de Taon", by charter dated to [1156/58][923]m firstly as her second husband, GUNNOR, widow of ROBERT FitzSwein Lord of Rayleigh, Essex, daughter of ROGER Bigod of Earsham, Suffolk & his [second] wife Adelise de Tosny (-before [1137]).  A charter of Hugh Bigod for Norwich Priory refers to property given by “his sister Gunnor”[924].  “Robert de Essex and Gunnora his wife, daughter of Roger Bigod” donated Fremingham church to Thetford priory, Norfolk for the souls of their ancestors and of "their son Henry on his birth-day"[925].  It is not clear from this extract whether Gunnor´s father was named in the original document.  Her first marriage is indicated by the charter of King Henry II which confirmed donations to Thetford Priory, including the donation by “Gunnoræ matris Henrici de Exessa[926].  Her second husband confirmed grants of her marriage portion in Brome for her soul[927]m secondly MARGARET, daughter of ROBERT FitzWalter de Caen & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Hamon & his first wife had one child: 

a)         HUBERT de Saint-Clair (-before 1185).  Domesday Descendants names Hubert as son of Hamon de Saint-Clair and his first wife, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[928]m CLEMENTIA, daughter of --- ([1124/25]-after 1185).  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Clementia qui fuit uxor Huberti de Sancto Claro”, aged 60, her land "in Westone" in Hertfordshire, and in another passage that she held "Haiam de Willelmo de Lanvalei" in Huntingdonshire[929].  Hubert & his wife had one child: 

i)          GUNNOR de Saint-Clair ([1140/50]-before 1185)Domesday Descendants names "Gunnora daughter and heiress of Hubert de St Clair" as the wife of William de Lanvallay, but does not cite a specific source reference for this information[930].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Her birth date is estimated on the assumption that the age of her mother is accurately stated in the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185.  m WILLIAM [I] de Lanvallay, son of --- (-before 1185).

 

 

Three brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         ROBERT de Saint-Clair (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Robertus de Sancto Claro, ii milites, Johannes de Sancto Claro, ii milites" among those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[931]

2.         JOHN de Saint-Clair (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, name "Robertus de Sancto Claro, ii milites, Johannes de Sancto Claro, ii milites" among those providing knights for military service with "Walteri de Meduana" in Kent[932]m ---.  The name of John´s wife is not known.  John & his wife had one child: 

a)         HUGH de Saint-Clair (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Hugo de Sancto Claro" holding one quarter of one knight´s fee "in Hesslingeham" in Kent in [1210/12][933]m CHRISTIANA, daughter of ---.  Bracton lists a claim by "Cristina de Sancto Claro…neptem Roberti Bataill" against "Gilebertum de Sancto Claro", dated 1218, for "terciam partem…terre…in Stanes…dotem suam…quod fuit Hugonis de Sancto Claro viri sui", defended on the basis of an agreement between "Simonem patrem ipsius Gilberti et Johannem patrem ipsius Hugonis"[934]

3.         SIMON de Saint-Clairm ---.  The name of Simon´s wife is not known.  Simon & his wife had one child: 

a)         GILBERT de Saint-Clair (-after 1218).  Bracton lists a claim by "Cristina de Sancto Claro…neptem Roberti Bataill" against "Gilebertum de Sancto Claro", dated 1218, for "terciam partem…terre…in Stanes…dotem suam…quod fuit Hugonis de Sancto Claro viri sui", defended on the basis of an agreement between "Simonem patrem ipsius Gilberti et Johannem patrem ipsius Hugonis"[935]

 

 

1.         GILBERT de Saint-Clair (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Gilbertus de Sancto Claro" held two parts of one knight´s fee "de honore Sancti Edmundi" in Norfolk[936]

 

2.         WILLIAM de Saint-Clair (-after 1196).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmo de Sancto Claro" paying for "i militem et dimidium" in Essex, Herefordshire[937].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Willelmus de Sancto Claro" paying "xxx s, i militem et dimidium" in Essex, Hertfordshire[938]

 

3.         JAMES de Saint-Clair (-after 1210).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Jacobus de Sancto Claro" holding "quartam pro i carucata…in Summenystre" in London, Middlesex in [1210/12][939]

 

4.         GEOFFREY de Saint-Clair (-[1219/22]).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Gaufridus de Sancto Claro" holding "Stepeltone" in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12], adding "debet tenere die Paschæ coram domina Regina unum manutergium"[940].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Somerset and Dorset, dated 1219, which includes "Galfridus de Sancto Claro" holding land "in Stapeltun" in Somerset[941].  m ---.  The name of Geoffrey´s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Saint-Clair .  "Robert [de St Claro]" had "full seisin…of the land formerly of Geoffrey de St Claro in Standen which is of the fee of the daughter and heiress of the earl of the Isle [of Wight]" in Hampshire, dated [Jan 1223][942].  "Robert de St Claro" did homage to the king for "the land of Stapleton…and…in Somerton" in Somerset, dated 8 Jan 1223[943]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 18.  SAINT-HILAIRE

 

 

[Two] brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         ASCULF de Saint-Hilaire (-1121 or after).  ["Apud oppidum Santi Hilarii, Harchodio vicecomite, Petro fratre eius" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus Filogerensis et uxor eius Avicia" donated revenue to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères[944].  It appears likely that "Harchodio vicecomite" was the same person as Asculf de Saint-Hilaire but this is not beyond doubt.]  "…Hasculfo de Sancto Jacobo…" witnessed the charter dated to [1100/01] under which Henry I King of England confirmed donations by "Hugo de Grentemesnil" to Saint-Evroul[945].  “…Hasculfo de Sancto Hylario…" witnessed the charter dated to [1100/04] under which Guillaume Comte de Mortain confirmed donations to Saint-Martin de Marmoutier[946]m MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Asculf & his wife had four children: 

a)         EUDES de Saint-Hilaire .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

b)         PHILIPPE de Saint-Hilaire .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

c)         JAMES de Saint-Hilaire (-after 1138).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   “Jacobi de Sancto Hylario" donated land at Dallenges to Savigny, with the consent of "Aveline uxoris sue, Petri fratris eius", by charter dated 1138, witnessed by "…Georgius nepos Jacobi, et Oliverus, et Ricardus filius Adeline[947]m as her second husband, AVELINE, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-after 1138).  “Jacobi de Sancto Hylario" donated land at Dallenges to Savigny, with the consent of "Aveline uxoris sue, Petri fratris eius", by charter dated 1138, witnessed by "…Georgius nepos Jacobi, et Oliverus, et Ricardus filius Adeline[948].  James & his wife had one child: 

i)          MATILDA de Saint-Hilaire .  Robert of Torigny records that "Willermus de Albineio…comitem d'Arundel…[filium] Guillermum de Albineio primogenito" and "relictam Rogerii comitis de Clara filiam Jacobi de Sancto Hilario"[949].  Her name is confirmed by the undated charter which records that “Wilielmus comes Sussexiæ” confirmed donations to Boxgrove Priory by his predecessors “Rogerus de Albineio, et Willelmus Pincerna…et Willielmi patris mei filii reginæ Aeliz, et Matildis matris meæ[950]m firstly ROGER de Clare Earl of Hertford, son of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare Lord of Clare & his wife Agnes [Alicia] of Chester (-1173).  m secondly WILLIAM de Albini, son of WILLIAM Earl of Arundel & his wife Adelisa de Louvain (-24 Dec 1193, bur Wymondham Priory).  He was restored as Earl of Arundel in 1190. 

d)         PETER de Saint-Hilaire (-after [1157]).  “Jacobi de Sancto Hylario" donated land at Dallenges to Savigny, with the consent of "Aveline uxoris sue, Petri fratris eius", by charter dated 1138, witnessed by "…Georgius nepos Jacobi, et Oliverus, et Ricardus filius Adeline[951].  “…Petro de Sancto Hylario…" witnessed the charter dated Nov 1151 under which Henri Duke of Normandy confirmed protection over Savigny abbey[952].  “…Petro de Sancto Hylario…Carpentario de Sancto Hylario" witnessed the charter dated to [1157] under which Henry II King of England confirmed the rights of Savigny abbey over land at Damfront[953]

e)         --- .  m ---.  One child: 

i)          GEORGE .  “Jacobi de Sancto Hylario" donated land at Dallenges to Savigny, with the consent of "Aveline uxoris sue, Petri fratris eius", by charter dated 1138, witnessed by "…Georgius nepos Jacobi, et Oliverus, et Ricardus filius Adeline[954]

2.         [PIERRE de Saint-Hilaire .  "Apud oppidum Santi Hilarii, Harchodio vicecomite, Petro fratre eius" witnessed the undated charter under which "Radulfus Filogerensis et uxor eius Avicia" donated revenue to Sainte-Trinité de Fougères[955].  It appears likely that "Harchodio vicecomite" was the same person as Asculf de Saint-Hilaire but this is not beyond doubt.] 

 

 

1.         HERBERT de Saint-Hilaire .  “…Herberto de Sancto Hylario…" witnessed the charter dated to [1141/63] under which William de Briouse confirmed rights of the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur[956]

 

 

Three siblings, parents not identified: 

1.         RALPH de Saint-Hilaire .  Robert Earl of Leicester donated land at Medmontous, held by gift of his father and of “Ralf de Sancto Hylario and William his brother and Thomas their nepos”, to the abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern by charter dated to [1198/1204][957].  Philippe II King of France confirmed the charter under which Robert fils du comte de Leicester” had donated the possessions of “Raoul de Saint-Hilaire, Guillaume son frère et Thomas leur neveu...apud Mesmouton” to Saint-André de Goufer by charter dated [1 Nov 1215/9 Apr 1216][958]

2.         WILLIAM de Saint-Hilaire .  Robert Earl of Leicester donated land at Medmontous, held by gift of his father and of “Ralf de Sancto Hylario and William his brother and Thomas their nepos”, to the abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern by charter dated to [1198/1204][959].  Philippe II King of France confirmed the charter under which Robert fils du comte de Leicester” had donated the possessions of “Raoul de Saint-Hilaire, Guillaume son frère et Thomas leur neveu...apud Mesmouton” to Saint-André de Goufer by charter dated [1 Nov 1215/9 Apr 1216][960]

3.         --- de Saint-Hilairem ---.  One child: 

a)         THOMAS de Saint-Hilaire .  Robert Earl of Leicester donated land at Medmontous, held by gift of his father and of “Ralf de Sancto Hylario and William his brother and Thomas their nepos”, to the abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern by charter dated to [1198/1204][961].  Philippe II King of France confirmed the charter under which Robert fils du comte de Leicester” had donated the possessions of “Raoul de Saint-Hilaire, Guillaume son frère et Thomas leur neveu...apud Mesmouton” to Saint-André de Goufer by charter dated [1 Nov 1215/9 Apr 1216][962]

 

 

1.         EMMA de Saint-Hilaire .  "Willelmus de Veteri Ponte filius et heres Willelmi de Veteri Ponte et Emme de Sancto Hylario" donated "ecclesiam de Boeltun" to Holyrood abbey, with the consent of "domini mei Regis Scott Willelmi et Dni mei Alexandri filii eius", for the souls of "sponse mee et filii et heredis mei Willi…patris mei et matris mee", by undated charter witnessed by "…Willelmo Medio et Willelmo Juniore fratribus meis…"[963].  "W. de Veteri Ponte primogenitum filium domine Emme de Sancte Hylario" donated "decimam de carbonario meo de Kareddin" to Holyrood abbey by undated charter witnessed by "…Willelmo Medio et W. Juniore fratribus meis…"[964]m WILLIAM de Vieuxpont, son of ---. 

 

2.         PETER de Saint-Hilaire (-[29 Sep 1223/1229]).  "Peter de St Hillary and Gunnora his wife" paid a fine for "having their land of Corton Denham", dated [Aug] 1220[965].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Petrus de Sancto Hillario et Gunnora uxor eius” owing “pro habenda terra de Corston” in Somerset[966]m GUNNORA, daughter of --- (-after 1229).  "Peter de St Hillary and Gunnora his wife" paid a fine for "having their land of Corton Denham", dated [Aug] 1220[967].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Petrus de Sancto Hillario et Gunnora uxor eius” owing “pro habenda terra de Corston” in Somerset[968].  An order dated 1229 records that "Gunnora de Sancto Elario" relinquished "terra...in Corfton de Galfrido de Dynant" in favour of “Henrici de Sancto Elario filii sui postgeniti” when the latter paid homage to the king[969].  Peter & his wife had one child: 

a)         HENRY de Saint-Hilaire .  An order dated 1229 records that "Gunnora de Sancto Elario" relinquished "terra...in Corfton de Galfrido de Dynant" in favour of “Henrici de Sancto Elario filii sui postgeniti” when the latter paid homage to the king[970]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 19.  SAINT-MARTIN

 

 

1.         JOHN de Saint-Martin .  "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino" by charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57][971]m ---.  The name of John´s wife is not known.  John & his wife had two children: 

a)         HUGH de Saint-Martin .  "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino" by charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57][972]m --- Mauduit, daughter of WILLIAM [I] Mauduit & his wife Hawise ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57] under which [her brother] "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino"[973].  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

i)          JOHN de Saint-Martin (-after [1140]).  "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino" by charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57][974]

b)         WILLIAM de Saint-Martin .  "Willemus Maled camerarius regis" notified "hominibus Sancti Martini" that he had restored to "Johanni nepoti meo" land which "Johannes avus suus et Huonus pater suus et Willelmo de Sancto Martino patruus suus" had held "in Sancto Martino" by charter dated 29 Sep [1131/57][975]

 

 

1.         ALURED de Saint-Martin (-after 20 Nov 1189[976])m ---.  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Alvredus de Sancto Martino" held one knights fee in Sussex under the Earl of Arundel[977]m firstly ---.  m secondly (after 1170) as her second husband, ALICE de Albini, widow of JEAN I Comte d'Eu Lord of Hastings, daughter of WILLIAM de Albini Earl of Arundel & his wife Adelisa de Louvain (-11 Sep [1188], bur Fécamp)).  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  It is suggested by a charter of King Edward III dated 5 Nov 1337 which confirms various donations to Robert´s Bridge Abbey in Sussex founded by “Aluredus de Sancto Martino”, including “terram de Swergate et pasturam infra Wallam et extra” donated by “Aliciæ comitissæ de Augo et Henrici filii eius comitis Augi[978].  “Alizia comitissa Augi” donated "terram meam de Snergate, infra wallam et extra" to Robert´s Bridge Abbey, for the souls of “Willielmi comitis Arundeliæ patris mei et Aliziæ reginæ matris meæ et…domini mei J. comitis Augi et Godefridi fratris mei et Matildis et Margaretæ filiarum mearum”, by undated charter, witnessed by “Henrico comite Augi, Roberto fratre eius, Aluredo de Sancto Martino…[979]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 20.  SAINT-MEDARD

 

 

 

1.         ANSKETIL de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo records that "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo" held land from "abbatia de Burch, in Hamtonascira" and in Lincolnshire[980]m ---.  The name of Ansketil´s wife is not known.  Ansketil & his wife had two children: 

a)         RICHARD de Saint-Médard (-before 1130).  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo"[981]m MABEL Ridel, daughter of GEOFFREY RIdel & his wife Geva [d´Avranches] (-after 1130).  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that Richard married "Mabilla Ridel" by whom he had "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo et Hugonem Ridel"[982].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Wills Flandr" accounting for "Mabilia uxore Ric de sco Medardo cu dote sua" in Northamptonshire[983].  Richard & his wife had two children: 

i)          GEOFFREY de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that Richard married "Mabilla Ridel" by whom he had "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo et Hugonem Ridel"[984]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey´s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

(a)       PETER de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Petrum" as the son "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo"[985]m ---.  The name of Peter´s wife is not known.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

(1)       GEOFFREY de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Galfridum…[qui] fuit in custodia abbatis Benedicti, qui postea fuit leprosus" as the son "Petrum"[986]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey´s wife is not known.  Geoffrey & his wife had one child: 

a.         PETER de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Petrum qui fuit in custodia abbatis Acharii" as son of "Galfridum…[qui] fuit in custodia abbatis Benedicti, qui postea fuit leprosus"[987]m ---.  The name of Peter´s wife is not known.  Peter & his wife had one child: 

(i)         GEOFFREY de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Galfridum qui fuit in custodia abbatis Martini" as son of "Petrum qui fuit in custodia abbatis Acharii"[988]

ii)         HUGH Ridel .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that Richard married "Mabilla Ridel" by whom he had "Galfridum de Sancto Medardo et Hugonem Ridel"[989].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Hugo Ridel" held "ix carucatas et i virgatam pro servitio i militis in Welesham et in Suttone et in Dingele" from "Galfridi Ridel" in Northamptonshire[990]

b)         GERARD de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo"[991]m ---.  The name of Gerard´s wife is not known.  Gerard & his wife had one child: 

i)          ROBERT de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that "Girardus genuit Robertum" and "Robertus genuit Margaretam"[992]m ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MARGARET de Saint-Médard .  The Descriptio militum de Abbatia de Burgo (later addition dated to the reign of King Henry III) names "Ricardum et Girardum" as the children of "Asketillus de Sancto Medardo", adding that "Girardus genuit Robertum" and "Robertus genuit Margaretam" who held land "in Sibbertona et Ettona"[993]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 21.  SAY

 

 

 

A.      SAY

 

 

1.         GEOFFREY [I] de Say (-after 1084).  The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, names "le sire de Saye" among those who took part in the conquest of England in 1066[994].  "…Eudo, Adam brother of Eudo…Richard de Meri, Geoffrey de Sai, Robert de Oilli" witnessed the charter dated 1084 under which William I King of England confirmed a donation by Roger de Albini to Lessay Holy Trinity[995]

 

2.         EUSTACHIA de Say .  "Osbertus filius Hugonis et mater eius Eustachia" notified that the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory had agreed a cemetery at Cotheridge by charter dated to [1140][996].  An undated charter of Henry II King of England records the foundation of Westwood priory, Worcestershire by “Osbertus filius Hugonis et Eustachia de Say mater sua”, witnessed by “Ricardo de Lucy…Bernardo de S. Walerico, Willielmo de Bello-campo[997].  Nothing is known about the parentage of Eustachia de Say.  Her second son, whose descendants are shown in Part B of this Chapter, adopted the name Say.  m HUGH FitzOsbern, son of OSBERN FitzRichard & his wife Nesta of Wales (-before 1140). 

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Say (-[1155]).  Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] including a grant of lands "quæ fuerunt patris sui" to "Willelmus de Sai"[998].  He fought with his brother-in-law at the siege of Burwell Castle in Aug 1144.  A manuscript listing of the abbots of Ramsey names "Walterus abbas", noting that he suffered many trials "in tempore Willelmi de Say et Galfredi de Mandeville, qui apud Borewelle interfecti fuerunt"[999]Domesday Descendants cites a charter of St Neots which shows that William de Say survived his brother-in-law Geoffrey de Mandeville "by a few years"[1000]m as her second husband, BEATRIX de Mandeville, divorced wife of HUGH Talbot, daughter of WILLIAM de Mandeville & his wife Marguerite de Rie ([1105]-[Rickling, Essex] 19 Apr [1197 or before], bur Walden Abbey).  A manuscript listing property of Walden abbey states, quoting a charter of Stephen King of England dated 1147, that “sororem suam…Beatricem” (referring to "Galfridus Essexiæ comes") married "Hugoni Talebot" from whom she was divorced and secondly "Willielmo de Saye"[1001].  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Willelmum de Say…et mater sua Beatrix", dated to [1150/60][1002].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Beatrix de Mandavilla domina de Say, soror Galfridi primi, fundatoris, et amita Willielmi” succeeded her nephew[1003].  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “Beatricia de Say…iiii.xx. annorum” and “terra sua de Riklinge[1004].  She was the heiress of her nephew William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, her son by her second husband, Geoffrey, being allowed to occupy her place in view of her age[1005].  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1200 of “Beatrix de Say, soror fundatoris nostri et uxor Willielmi de Say” and her burial in the abbey[1006].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Say of Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire and Saham, Norfolk (-before 1 Aug 1177).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Willielmus de Say…et Gaufridus frater eius” as the two sons of “Beatrix de Mandavilla domina de Say, soror Galfridi primi, fundatoris, et amita Willielmi[1007].  The Chronicon Rameseiensis records the donations made by "Willelmum de Say…et mater sua Beatrix", dated to [1150/60][1008].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Willelmus de Say ii m" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1161/62][1009]m ---.  The name of William´s wife is not known.  William & his wife had two children: 

i)          BEATRICE de Say (-before 19 Apr 1197, bur Chicksand Priory).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Beatricem” as daughter of “Willielmus de Say”, son of “Beatrix de Mandavilla domina de Say, soror Galfridi primi, fundatoris, et amita Willielmi” and adds that she married “domino Galfrido filio Petri[1010].  She died in childbirth.  "Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex" donated property to Winchester St Swithin, for the anniversaries of "…Petri de Lutegareshale patris mei…et Mathildis matris mee…et sponsarum mearum Beatricis et Aveline et liberorum meorum" by  undated charter[1011]m (before 25 Jan 1185) as his first wife, GEOFFREY FitzPiers, son of PIERS de Lutegareshale & his wife Maud --- (-14 Oct 1213, bur Shouldham Priory).  He was created Earl of Essex in 1199. 

ii)         MATILDA de Say (-[1222]).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Matildam” as younger daughter of “Willielmum de Say”, adding that she married “Willielmus de Bokeland[1012].  “Matildis de Say, filia Willielmi de Say” confirmed donations to Waldon abbey “post mortem Willielmi de Bocland domini mei” by undated charter[1013].  Bracton lists a claim by "Matillis de Say" against "Willelmum de Mandeuilla comitem Essexie", dated 1218, for "medietatem manerii de Plesseto [Essex]…et…Enefend…in Middlesexia…" seised of "Willelmus de Say pater ipsius Matillidis et Beatrice matris ipsius Gaufridi"[1014].  The Annals of Dunstable record that “Matildis de Say” died in 1222[1015], although it is not known with certainty that this refers to the wife of William de Boclande.  m WILLIAM de Bocland, of Buckland, Berkshire. 

b)         GEOFFREY [II] de Say ([1135 or before]-[1212/14]).  The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Willielmus de Say…et Gaufridus frater eius” as the two sons of “Beatrix de Mandavilla domina de Say, soror Galfridi primi, fundatoris, et amita Willielmi[1016].  "…Gaufrido de Sai…" subscribed the charter dated to [1179] under which Henry II King of England confirmed a donation by "Robertus de Fay" to "comiti Willelmo de Maundevilla"[1017].  He had seizin of the inheritance of his first cousin William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, in right of his mother, until it passed to Geoffrey FitzPiers, the husband of his niece, who was the senior claimant.  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Galfridus de Say" among those granted delay in payment "per brevis" in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and in Essex, Hertfordshire[1018]m firstly ---.  The name of Geoffrey´s first wife is not known.  According to the Complete Peerage, she was "Alice, widow of Ralph de Cahaines, daughter of Hugh Maminot"[1019].  From a chronological point of view, this cannot be correct given Geoffrey´s estimated birth date as the marriages of Hugh Maminot´s two known daughters took place during the reign of King Henry I (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY L-O).  The statement was presumably an attempt to explain the transmission of property between the Maminot and Say families.  However, the property in question was inherited from Alice de Chesney, wife of Geoffrey [III] de Say (see below).  m secondly ALICE de Vere, daughter of AUBREY de Vere Earl of Oxford & his [third wife Agnes de Essex] (-after 1214).  Her marriage and family origin are confirmed by a charter dated to [10 Aug 1197/8 Mar 1198] which records the confirmation by "Geoffrey de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of William de Say" of a grant of "the manor of Rikeling" made by "his said father to Geoffrey de Say, his own younger brother, whom his father had by Alice de Ver" on the petition of "William de Say his eldest brother"[1020].  Geoffrey [II] & his first wife had two children: 

i)          WILLIAM de Say (-[10 Aug 1197/1 Jan 1198]).  A charter dated to [10 Aug 1197/8 Mar 1198] records the confirmation by "Geoffrey de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of William de Say" of a grant of "the manor of Rikeling" made by "his said father to Geoffrey de Say, his own younger brother, whom his father had by Alice de Ver" on the petition of "William de Say his eldest brother"[1021]m AUFRICA, illegitimate daughter of WILLIAM “the Lion” King of Scotland & his mistress ---.  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "Rogeri de Mundeville" name "Austrid" as one of the daughters of King William, adding that she married "in Ulvester cuidam Willo de Say"[1022].  William & his wife had one child: 

(a)       WILLIAM de Say .  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "Rogeri de Mundeville" name "Willelmus" as the son of "Willo de Say" and his wife "Austrid"[1023]m ---.  The name of William´s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

(1)       AUFRICA de Say .  The proofs relating to the claim to the Scottish throne in 1291 made by "Rogeri de Mundeville" name "Austik…qui nupta fuit Roberto de Waudone" as the daughter of "Willelmus", son of "Willo de Say" and his wife "Austrid", and her daughter "Agatha cujus filius et heres est iste Rogerus"[1024]m ROBERT Wardone, son of ---. 

ii)         GEOFFREY [III] de Say ([1155]-after 1214).  A charter dated to [10 Aug 1197/8 Mar 1198] records the confirmation by "Geoffrey de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of William de Say" of a grant of "the manor of Rikeling" made by "his said father to Geoffrey de Say, his own younger brother, whom his father had by Alice de Ver" on the petition of "William de Say his eldest brother"[1025]

-         see below

Geoffrey [II] & his second wife had one child: 

iii)        GEOFFREY [IV] de Say .  A charter dated to [10 Aug 1197/8 Mar 1198] records the confirmation by "Geoffrey de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of William de Say" of a grant of "the manor of Rikeling" made by "his said father to Geoffrey de Say, his own younger brother, whom his father had by Alice de Ver" on the petition of "William de Say his eldest brother"[1026].  “Galfridus de Say, filius Galfridi de Say et Aliciæ de Ver, dominus de Rikelyng” donated property to Waldon abbey by undated charter, witnessed by “domino Willielmo de Mandevilla comite Essexiæ…[1027]m ---.  The name of Geoffrey´s wife is not known.  Geoffrey [IV] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MATILDA de Crec (-after 1278).  Her parentage is recorded in the Complete Peerage which states that in 1278 she held land in Nosterfield, Cambridgeshire from the Honor of Richmond, land which her paternal grandmother had held before[1028]

 

 

GEOFFREY [III] de Say, son of GEOFFREY [II] de Say & his first wife --- ([1155]-after 1214).  A charter dated to [10 Aug 1197/8 Mar 1198] records the confirmation by "Geoffrey de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of William de Say" of a grant of "the manor of Rikeling" made by "his said father to Geoffrey de Say, his own younger brother, whom his father had by Alice de Ver" on the petition of "William de Say his eldest brother"[1029].  “Geoffrey de Sai and…Geoffrey son of the said Geoffrey and of Aeliza de Kaisneio" donated the wood of "Pirariis" to the hospital at Drincourt, for the souls of "the said Aeliza de Kaisneio and of William her son and of William earl of Magnavilla”, by charter dated 1 Jan 1198 [O.S.?][1030].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Galfridus de Say junior" holding 7 knights´ fees "de honore Patricii" in Kent in [1210/12][1031].  "Galfr de Say" made a fine for "terris q fuerunt G. de Say patris sui" in Sussex and Middlesex, dated 1214[1032]

m ([1175/80]) as her second husband, ALICE de Chesney, widow of HUGH de Periers, daughter of JOHN de Chesney & his wife Sibylla --- (-before 1198).  Her first marriage and family origin are confirmed by the charter dated 1175 under which [her first husband] "Hugo de Piris" donated the reversion of "manerium de Dudintuna post decessum uxoris meæ Aliziæ de Clemez" to the prior of Wenlock[1033].  Her second marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1180 under which [her second husband] “Geoffry de Say with the consent of Adelisa de Chemey my wife” donated "my manor of Dudintun which is the dower of the aforesaid Adelisa my wife on the part of Hugh de Piris" to Wenlock priory[1034]

Geoffrey [III] & his wife had one child: 

1.         GEOFFREY [V] de Say ([1180/82]-Poitou 1230 before 26 Aug, bur Dover, Hospital of St Mary).  “Geoffrey de Sai and…Geoffrey son of the said Geoffrey and of Aeliza de Kaisneio" donated the wood of "Pirariis" to the hospital at Drincourt, for the souls of "the said Aeliza de Kaisneio and of William her son and of William earl of Magnavilla”, by charter dated 1 Jan 1198 [O.S.?][1035].  The Complete Peerage quotes an undated charter under which "Galfridus de Say filius Galfridi de Say et Alicie de Cheinnei uxoris sue" confirmed the donation to Bermondsey of the advowson of Birling church made by Walkelin Maminot (see above) and later by "Geoffrey de Say", followed by another confirmation by "William de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of Geoffrey"[1036].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Galfridus de Say" holding 27 knights´ fees "de baronia Walkelini Maminot" in Kent in [1210/12][1037].  “Galfridus de Say filius Galfridi de Say et Alicie de Chemunei uxoris suæ” confirmed the donation of “advocationem ecclesiæ de Berlinges” to Bermondsey, made by “Walchelinus Maminoth predecessor meus...et pater meus Galfridus de Say”, by undated charter[1038].  The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1230 of “Gaufridus de Sey” and his burial “apud Dovere[1039]m [firstly] (divorced) as her third husband, MARGARET de Briwere, widow firstly of ODO [V] de Dammartin and secondly of WILLIAM de la Ferté, daughter of WILLIAM de Briwere & his wife Beatrice --- (-1237).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Rogero de Clare et Alicie uxori eius" against "Margeria de Feritate" accusing her of selling assets "in dotem de hereditate ipsius Alicie in Essingham ad exhereditacionem ipsius Alicie", the defendant stating that changes were made by "Galfridus de Say viri sui" before their divorce, and that the damage was caused by "Odon Danmartin primi viri sui"[1040].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1233, by "Hugo Wack" against "Margeriam de Feritate et Willelmum de Percy" relating to an agreement "cum Alicia de Moun et predicto Hugone" concerning share of land which was held by "Willelmi Briwere"[1041].  [m secondly as her second husband, BEATRICE [de Turnham], widow of RALPH de Fay, daughter of [STEPHEN de Turnham & his wife ---] (-after 1227).  Bracton notes a claim, dated 1227, by "Thomas de Bauelingeham…et Mabilia uxore sua…primogenita filia et heres Stephani de Thurneham" against "Beatriciam de Say…postnata", the defendant claiming that "Radulfus de Fay quondam vir suus" did service to "Dom. Galfrido de Say" for the land[1042].  The wording of this document suggests, but does not state explicitly, that Beatrice was the younger sister of Mabilia.  If that is correct, presumably she was the wife of a Say, maybe the wife of Geoffrey [V] after the death of her first husband.]  Geoffrey [V] & his [first wife] had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Say (-before 12 Feb 1272).  The Complete Peerage quotes an undated charter under which "Galfridus de Say filius Galfridi de Say et Alicie de Cheinnei uxoris sue" confirmed the donation to Bermondsey of the advowson of Birling church made by Walkelin Maminot (see above), and cites a later confirmation by "William de Say, son of Geoffrey, son of Geoffrey"[1043].  No proof has yet been found about the identity of William´s mother.  "Upon the death of Geoffrey de Say…William de Say his son and heir" paid homage to the king "for all that Geoffrey held of the king in chief" [in Bedfordshire], dated [Sep] 1230[1044].  "Willelmus de Sai filius Galfredi de Sai" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Berlinges" to Bermondsey made by "Walkelinus Maminoth predecessor meus et Galfridus de Sai avus meus…et Galfridus de Sai pater meus", for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee Sibille", by undated charter[1045].  A writ dated 12 Feb "56 Hen III", after the death of "William de Sey" names "William de Say his son age variously stated as 18 on the feast of St Edmund the King last, and 19 on the same feast, is his heir"[1046]m firstly SIBYLLA, daughter of --- (-after Oct 1250).  "Willelmus de Sai filius Galfredi de Sai" confirmed the donation of "ecclesiam de Berlinges" to Bermondsey made by "Walkelinus Maminoth predecessor meus et Galfridus de Sai avus meus…et Galfridus de Sai pater meus", for the souls of "mee et uxoris mee Sibille", by undated charter[1047]m secondly as her first husband, MARY, daughter of --- (-after 10 Aug 1280).  She married secondly (before 12 May 1273) as his first wife, Robert de Ufford.  William & his [first] wife had one child.  As William´s second wife had children by her second husband, the chronology suggests that William´s son William must have been born from his first marriage, but this is not beyond all doubt: 

i)          WILLIAM de Say (20 Nov 1253-16 Sep 1295 or before).  A writ dated 12 Feb "56 Hen III", after the death of "William de Sey" names "William de Say his son age variously stated as 18 on the feast of St Edmund the King last, and 19 on the same feast, is his heir"[1048]m ELIZABETH, daughter of --- (-after 1295).  William & his wife had one child: 

(a)       GEOFFREY de Say ([1278/81]-before 3 Mar 1322).  He was summoned to parliament 1313/21, whereby he is held to have become Lord Say.  m IDONIA de Leyburn, daughter of WILLIAM de Leyburn Lord Leyburn & his wife Juliane de Sandwich. 

-         LORDS SAY[1049]

 

 

 

B.      SAY FAMILY of CLUN, SHROPSHIRE

 

 

1.         ROBERT de Say "Picot" (-after 1086).  A charter dated to 1060 records the transactions of "Roberto de Sayo qui cognominabatur Ficot et Adaloye uxori…et…Roberto et Henrico filiis suis" with the monastery of Saint-Martin de Sees in Normandy, signed by "Rogeri comitis, Picot, Roberti filii eius, Henrici filii Picot, Adeloye uxoris Picot"[1050].  "…Picotum vicecomitem…" witnessed the charter under which William I King of England confirmed the rights of Ely abbey[1051].  "…Ivonem Taillebois, Petrum de Valoines, Picotem vicecomitem, Ticlum de Helum, Hugonem de Hosdeng" witnessed the charter dated to [1080] under which William I King of England confirmed the customs of Ely monastery[1052].  Domesday records 27 manors in Shropshire held by "Picot", including Clun[1053]m ADELAIS, daughter of ---.  A charter dated to 1060 records the transactions of "Roberto de Sayo qui cognominabatur Ficot et Adaloye uxori…et…Roberto et Henrico filiis suis" with the monastery of Saint-Martin de Sees in Normandy, signed by "Rogeri comitis, Picot, Roberti filii eius, Henrici filii Picot, Adeloye uxoris Picot"[1054].  Robert & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT de Say .  A charter dated to 1060 records the transactions of "Roberto de Sayo qui cognominabatur Ficot et Adaloye uxori…et…Roberto et Henrico filiis suis" with the monastery of Saint-Martin de Sees in Normandy, signed by "Rogeri comitis, Picot, Roberti filii eius, Henrici filii Picot, Adeloye uxoris Picot"[1055]

b)         HENRY de Say (-after [1129/30]).  A charter dated to 1060 records the transactions of "Roberto de Sayo qui cognominabatur Ficot et Adaloye uxori…et…Roberto et Henrico filiis suis" with the monastery of Saint-Martin de Sees in Normandy, signed by "Rogeri comitis, Picot, Roberti filii eius, Henrici filii Picot, Adeloye uxoris Picot"[1056]

c)         [ELIAS de Say (-1160 or before).  Eyton suggests that Elias was the son of Henry de Say but he cites no primary source which suggests that this might be the case[1057].  According to Domesday Descendants, Henry was "brother and successor" [1140] of Henry de Say of Clun[1058].  Lord of Clun, Shropshire.  "…Brianum de Jai et Heliam patrem eius…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Hugo de Mortuo mari" confirmed the donations to Saint-Victor-en-Caux by "patre meo Radulfo…ab avo meo Rogerio"[1059].]  m ---.  The name of Elias´s wife is not known.  Elias & his wife had two children: 

i)          BRIAN de Say .  "…Brianum de Jai et Heliam patrem eius…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Hugo de Mortuo mari" confirmed the donations to Saint-Victor-en-Caux by "patre meo Radulfo…ab avo meo Rogerio"[1060]

ii)         ISABEL de Say (-[1199][1061]).  “Willielmus de Boterell” confirmed the donation, for the soul of “Willielmi filii mei”, by “domina Isabella de Say uxor mea” of the church of St George, Clun to Wenlock Priory, by undated charter witnessed by “Brientio de Say…Hugone Peverell…[1062]m firstly ([1153/54]) as his second wife, WILLIAM FitzAlan, son of ALAN FitzFlaald & his [second] wife Aveline d'Hesdin (-1160).  m secondly ([1160/66]) as his second wife, GEOFFREY de Vere, son of AUBREY de Vere & his wife Adelisa [Alice] de Clare (-1170).  Lord of Clun and Oswestry, Shropshire.  Sheriff of Shropshire 1167 to 1170[1063]m thirdly ([1171]) as his first wife, WILLIAM Boterel [II] of Cornwall, son of WILLIAM Boterel [I] & his wife Alice Corbet (-[1211]). 

 

 

 

C.      SAY (FITZHUGH)

 

 

Hugh de Say [I] adopted the name Say from his mother´s family, as can be seen for example in the [1172/85] charter which is quoted below. 

 

 

HUGH de Say [I], son of HUGH FitzOsbern & his wife Eustachia de Say (-1190).  “Osbertus filius Hugonis” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, at the request of “domini Walteri de Clifford” for the souls of "uxoris suæ Margaretæ et…Rosamundæ filiæ suæ", with the consent of "Hugonis fratris mei", by undated charter[1064].  "Osbertus filius Hugonis" confirmed the settlement of his dispute with the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory concerning the boundaries of their woods at Cornwood by charter dated to [1170], witnessed by "Hugone de Sai fratre meo…"[1065].  "Osbern fitz Hugh" donated a virgate at Richard´s Castle to Haughmond Abbey by charter dated to [1172/85], witnessed by "Walter de Clifford, Walter his son, Hugh de Say and Lucie his wife"[1066].  “Walterus de Clifford” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, for the souls of "uxoris meæ Margaretæ de Clifford et filiæ nostræ Rosamundæ", by undated charter witnessed by "Osbertus filius Hugonis, Hugo de Sey…"[1067].  "Osbern de Say and…his brother Hugh" confirmed a charter of Baldwin Bishop of Worcester, dated to after Aug 1180[1068]

m as her first husband, LUCY, daughter of WALTER Clifford & his wife Margaret ---.  "Hugh de Say and Lucia his wife, daughter of Walter de Clifford, son of Richard fitz Poncius" donated the mill of Rocheforde to Haughmond Abbey by undated charter, witnessed by "Walter de Clifford de Clifford junior, Richard de Clifford his brother", later confirmed by "Walter de Clifford, son of Walter, son of Richard fitz Poncius" who names Hugh de Say´s wife as his sister, witnessed by "Hugh de Say and Richard de Clifford"[1069].  “Osbertus filius Hugonis” donated property to Godstow nunnery in Oxfordshire, at the request of “domini Walteri de Clifford” for the souls of "uxoris suæ Margaretæ et…Rosamundæ filiæ suæ", with the consent of "Hugonis fratris mei", by undated charter witnessed by "Waltero de Clifford, Ricardo filio suo et Lucia filia sua…"[1070].  "Osbern fitz Hugh" donated a virgate at Richard´s Castle to Haughmond Abbey by charter dated to [1172/85], witnessed by "Walter de Clifford, Walter his son, Hugh de Say and Lucie his wife"[1071].  She married secondly Bartholomew de Mortimer.  "Lucia de Say daughter of Walter de Clifford" donated land in Rocheforde to Haughmond Abbey, with the consent of "her son Hugh de Say", by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugh de Say, Walter de Clifford", but later released claims of the abbey to land in Rochford with the consent of "Bartholomew de Mortimer her husband"[1072]

Hugh & his wife had three children: 

1.         HUGH de Say [II] ([1165/70]-killed in battle ([1196]).  "Lucia de Say daughter of Walter de Clifford" donated land in Rocheforde to Haughmond Abbey, with the consent of "her son Hugh de Say", by undated charter, witnessed by "Hugh de Say, Walter de Clifford"[1073].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Hugo de Say" paying "xxiii l, xxiii milites" in Herefordshire, and granted delay to pay in Berkshire[1074]m as her first husband, MABEL, daughter of ROBERT [IV] Marmion & his wife ---.  She married secondly (before Mar 1200) Reginald ---.  Hugh & his wife had one child: 

a)         MARGERY de Say ([1190/96]-1230).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166 (but added later), record that "Robertus de Mortuo mari" held 23 knights´ fees "in honore Castelli Ricardi" with "filia Hugonis de Say hærede Osberti filii Hugonis" in Herefordshire[1075].  The sheriff of Essex was ordered to cause "Margaret de Say, who was the wife of Robert de Mortimer" to have "the rightful dower of the lands formerly of Robert her former husband", dated to [Jul] 1219[1076].  "Margareta de Say filia Hugonis de Sai, quondam uxor Roberti de Mortuomari" quitclaimed to the monks of Worcester Cathedral priory certain services due to her from their manor of Boraston by charter dated 1219[1077].  Henry III King of England consented to the marriage of "Margaretam que fuit uxor Roberti de Mortuo Mari" and "Willelmus de Stutevill" dated 23 Nov 1219[1078].  "William de Stuteville" paid a fine to marry "Margaret who was the wife of Robert de Mortimer", dated to [Nov] 1219[1079].  The Annals of Worcester record the death in 1230 of “Margerie de Say[1080].  Inquisitiones dated 20 May 1259 record that "William de Scoteville" held the manors of Wychbold and Cotheridge in Worcestershire from "Margery his wife" and name "Sir Hugh de Mortuo Mari son of the said Margery" as her next heir and of full age[1081]m firstly (1197 or after) HUGH de Ferrers of Lechlade, son of WALKELIN de Ferrers & his wife --- (-1204).  m secondly ([6 May 1209/Jun 1211]) ROBERT de Mortimer, son of ROGER de Mortimer & his second wife Isabel de Ferrers (-before [Jul] 1219).  m thirdly (Royal licence 23 Nov 1219) WILLIAM de Stuteville, son of --- (-before 20 May 1259). 

2.         RICHARD de Say of Rochford (-after 1200).  "Richard de Say" donated property at Givele to Montacute priory, to keep the anniversary of "the lady Lucy the grantor´s mother", by undated charter which names "his brother Sir Gilbert"[1082]

3.         GILBERT de Say (-after 1210).  "Richard de Say" donated property at Givele to Montacute priory, to keep the anniversary of "the lady Lucy the grantor´s mother", by undated charter which names "his brother Sir Gilbert"[1083].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Gilbertus de Say" holding one knight´s fee "in Givele" in Dorset, Somerset in [1210/12][1084]m MATILDA de Clivedon, daughter of MATTHEW de Clivedon & his wife --- de Montagu (-after 1223).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a claim dated 1223, noted by Bracton, by "Willelmus filius Drogonis de Monte Acuto…infra etatem" against "Matheum de Cliuedona" for "ecclesiam de Suttona…advocacionem", the defendant claiming that "Willelmus de Monte Acuto avus predicti Willelmi" gave the advocacy to "Gilberto de Say in…maritagium cum Matillide nepte sua filia eiusdem Mathei"[1085]

 

 

Two siblings, parents not identified: 

1.         HUGH de Say (-before 1287). 

2.         ORABILIA de Say (-after 1287).  "Orabilla soror et heres domini Hugonis Say uxor quondam Reginaldi de Warennia" donated property "in territorio ville de Kyntulach", previously held by "prefato Hugone Say fratre meo", to Scone Abbey by charter dated 1287[1086]m REGINALD de Warenne, son of --- (-before 1287). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 22.  SCROPE

 

 

1.         WALTER Scrope .  "Walter le Scrope" witnessed a dated charter, dated to the reign of King Henry I, under which "Walter de Gant" donated land to Bridlington priory[1087].  "…Walter Scrop…" witnessed the undated charter under which "Agnes daughter of Ernald de Marton in her widowhood…" donated property to Bridlington priory[1088]

 

2.         HUGH Scrope .  An undated charter (dated to before 1156) of “Gilbertus de Gaunt comes Lincolniæ” confirmed property of Bridlington priory including in “Baemburgh…servitium Hugonis Escrop…” for the souls of "uxoris suæ Margaretæ et…Rosamundæ filiæ suæ", with the consent of "Hugonis fratris mei", by undated charter witnessed by "Waltero de Clifford, Ricardo filio suo et Lucia filia sua…"[1089]

 

3.         SIMON Scrope .  "Simon de Scrope" witnessed an undated charter (dated to before 1156) under which "Gilbert de Gand" granted land to "William FitzRoger"[1090].  [A charter of King Edward II dated 7 Mar 1312 confirmed property of Bridlington priory including the donation of land "in Flotemanbi" made by "Simon Escro"[1091].  It is not known which Simon Scrope made this donation.] 

 

 

1.         RICHARD Scrope of Barton, Lincolnshire (-before 1166)m AGNES de Clare, daughter of RICHARD FitzGilbert de Clare & his wife Agnes [Alicia] of Chester.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated to [1184/85] under which “Aliz de Gant comitissa filia Gilberti de Gant” confirmed land held by his ancestors in Barton (upon-Humber) to “Roberto Scrop de Barton, filio Ricardi Scrop et filio Agnetis matertere mee[1092].  Richard & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         ROBERT de Scrope (-Acre 1190).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record the knights´ fees held from "Robertus de Scrupa" in Gloucestershire[1093].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Scrope i militem…feodati comitis Sy[monis]" in Lincolnshire in 1166[1094].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Scrope xl s" in Gloucestershire in [1167/68][1095].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Escrope xl s" in Gloucestershire in [1171/72][1096].  “Aliz de Gant comitissa filia Gilberti de Gant” confirmed land held by his ancestors in Barton (upon-Humber) to “Roberto Scrop de Barton, filio Ricardi Scrop et filio Agnetis matertere mee” by charter dated to [1184/85], witnessed by “…Hugone Scrop, Jocelino Scrop, Ricardo decano, Johanne Scrop…[1097]m ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          WALTER Scrope .  His parentage is confirmed by a writ dated 12 Dec "33 Edw I", after the death of his descendant "Joice le Scrop"[1098]

b)         [HUGH Scrope (-after [1184/85]).  “Aliz de Gant comitissa filia Gilberti de Gant” confirmed land held by his ancestors in Barton (upon-Humber) to “Roberto Scrop de Barton, filio Ricardi Scrop et filio Agnetis matertere mee” by charter dated to [1184/85], witnessed by “…Hugone Scrop, Jocelino Scrop, Ricardo decano, Johanne Scrop…[1099].] 

c)         [JOSCELIN Scrope (-after [1184/85]).  “Aliz de Gant comitissa filia Gilberti de Gant” confirmed land held by his ancestors in Barton (upon-Humber) to “Roberto Scrop de Barton, filio Ricardi Scrop et filio Agnetis matertere mee” by charter dated to [1184/85], witnessed by “…Hugone Scrop, Jocelino Scrop, Ricardo decano, Johanne Scrop…[1100].] 

d)         [RICHARD Scrope (-after [1184/85]).  “Aliz de Gant comitissa filia Gilberti de Gant” confirmed land held by his ancestors in Barton (upon-Humber) to “Roberto Scrop de Barton, filio Ricardi Scrop et filio Agnetis matertere mee” by charter dated to [1184/85], witnessed by “…Hugone Scrop, Jocelino Scrop, Ricardo decano, Johanne Scrop…[1101].] 

e)         [JOHN Scrope (-after [1184/85]).  “Aliz de Gant comitissa filia Gilberti de Gant” confirmed land held by his ancestors in Barton (upon-Humber) to “Roberto Scrop de Barton, filio Ricardi Scrop et filio Agnetis matertere mee” by charter dated to [1184/85], witnessed by “…Hugone Scrop, Jocelino Scrop, Ricardo decano, Johanne Scrop…[1102].] 

 

2.         RICHARD de Scrope (-after 1194).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Richardus de Scrupis" paying "xxx s, iii milites" in Gloucestershire[1103].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Ricardus de Escropes" paying "lx s, iii milites" in Gloucestershire, also paying in Berkshire[1104]

 

 

Four brothers, parents not yet identified: 

1.         PHILIP Scrope (-before Mar 1206).  "…Philippo Escrop…Simone Escrop, Hugone fratre suo…" witnessed the charter dated to the late 12th Century under which "Hugo de Nevilla" granted land at Lound near Bourne, Lincolnshire held by "Baldwinus de Saint Omer quam dedit comes Simon Alano fratri meo et post mortem predicti Alani michi confirmavit" to "Tome Peuerel"[1105].  "Philip Escrop" acknowledged holding land in Flotemanby from Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Robert Escrop and Simon the grantor´s brothers…"[1106]m firstly GRACE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which "Alice Escrop formerly wife of Ivo son of Walter de Staxton in her widowhood" issued a quitclaim to Bridlington priory respecting land at Flotemanby "which Grecia wife of Philip Escrop sometime held"[1107]m secondly ALICE, daughter of --- (-after Mar 1206).  A fine dated Mar 1206 records an agreement between "Matilda and Alice daughters of Philip Escrop pet. and Simon Escrop ten." respecting land at Flotemanby, under which Simon paid money to Matilda, Alice and "Alice their mother"[1108].  Philip & his second wife had two children: 

a)         MATILDA Scrope .  "Matilda and Alice her sister" granted land at Flotemanby to "Simon Scrop patrui nostro" with the service of "William Scrop of Barton" by undated charter[1109].  A fine dated Mar 1206 records an agreement between "Matilda and Alice daughters of Philip Escrop pet. and Simon Escrop ten." respecting land at Flotemanby[1110].  "Thomas de Willardby and Matilda his wife" issued a quitclaim to "Henry Lescorp son of Simon Lescorp patrui nostri" relating to land in Flotemanby formerly held by "Philip Le Scrop pater noster" from Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Walter Escrop…"[1111].  "Thomas son of Adelard de Willar[by] and Matilda Escrop his wife" granted land "which Philip de Escrop sometime held in the territory of Willard[by]" by undated charter[1112]m (after Mar 1206) THOMAS de Willardby, son of ADELARD de Willardby & his wife --. 

b)         ALICE Scrope .  "Matilda and Alice her sister" granted land at Flotemanby to "Simon Scrop patrui nostro" with the service of "William Scrop of Barton" by undated charter[1113].  A fine dated Mar 1206 records an agreement between "Matilda and Alice daughters of Philip Escrop pet. and Simon Escrop ten." respecting land at Flotemanby, under which Simon paid money to Matilda, Alice and "Alice their mother"[1114].  "Ivo de Willardby and Alice his wife" issued a quitclaim to "Henry Lescorp son of Simon Lescorp patrui nostri" relating to land in Flotemanby formerly held by "Philip Le Scrop pater noster" from Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Walter Escrop…"[1115].  "Ivo son of Walter de Staxton and Alice Escrop his wife" granted land at Willardby to Bridlington priory by undated charter[1116].  "Alice Escrop formerly wife of Ivo son of Walter de Staxton in her widowhood" issued a quitclaim to Bridlington priory respecting land at Flotemanby "which Grecia wife of Philip Escrop sometime held" by undated charter[1117]m (after Mar 1206) IVO de Staxton, son of WALTER de Staxton & his wife ---. 

2.         ROBERT Scrope .  "Philip Escrop" acknowledged holding land in Flotemanby from Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Robert Escrop and Simon the grantor´s brothers…"[1118]

3.         SIMON Scrope (-after Mar 1206).  "…Philippo Escrop…Simone Escrop, Hugone fratre suo…" witnessed the charter dated to the late 12th Century under which "Hugo de Nevilla" granted land at Lound near Bourne, Lincolnshire held by "Baldwinus de Saint Omer quam dedit comes Simon Alano fratri meo et post mortem predicti Alani michi confirmavit" to "Tome Peuerel"[1119].  "Philip Escrop" acknowledged holding land in Flotemanby from Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Robert Escrop and Simon the grantor´s brothers…"[1120].  "Matilda and Alice her sister" granted land at Flotemanby to "Simon Scrop patrui nostro" with the service of "William Scrop of Barton" by undated charter[1121].  A fine dated Mar 1206 records an agreement between "Matilda and Alice daughters of Philip Escrop pet. and Simon Escrop ten." respecting land at Flotemanby[1122].  "Simon Scrop de Flotemanbi et Ingoliana uxor eius" granted land in Wenslay to "Henrico filio nostro et heredi" by undated charter[1123]m INGOLIANA, daughter of ---.  "Simon Scrop de Flotemanbi et Ingoliana uxor eius" granted land in Wenslay to "Henrico filio nostro et heredi" by undated charter[1124].  Simon & his wife had one child: 

a)         HENRY Scrope (-bur Wenslay).  "Simon Scrop de Flotemanbi et Ingoliana uxor eius" granted land in Wenslay to "Henrico filio nostro et heredi" by undated charter[1125].  "Thomas de Willardby and Matilda his wife" issued a quitclaim to "Henry Lescorp son of Simon Lescorp patrui nostri" relating to land in Flotemanby formerly held by "Philip Le Scrop pater noster" from Bridlington priory by undated charter, witnessed by "…Walter Escrop…"[1126].  "Henry son of Simon Scrop" issued a quitclaim to Bridlington priory respecting land at Flotemanby "which Grecia wife of Philip Scrop sometime held…[and] which Simon Scrop his father sometime [held]" by undated charter[1127].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Gloucestershire, dated to [1211/13]: "Henricus de Scrupes" held "Wythington in dominico…regi"[1128].  "Henricus Esscropp et Giliana uxor eius" donated land "de Northfiling" to Whitby by undated charter[1129]m JULIANA, daughter of ROGER de Brun & his wife ---.  "Henricus Esscropp et Giliana uxor eius" donated land "de Northfiling" to Whitby by undated charter[1130].  "Rogerus de Brun de Thorentona…consensu Ysabellæ uxoris meæ" confirmed the donation of land "de Northfiling" to Whitby made by "Henricus de Escrop et Juliana uxor sua, filia mea" by undated charter[1131].  Henry & his wife had one child: 

i)          WILLIAM Scrope (-before 1 Feb 1312).  "Willelmus le Skrop" confirmed a donation to Rievaulx made by "Reginaldi Chubbe et Ymanyæ uxoris suæ" by undated charter[1132]

-         see below

4.         HUGH Scrope .  "…Philippo Escrop…Simone Escrop, Hugone fratre suo…" witnessed the charter dated to the late 12th Century under which "Hugo de Nevilla" granted land at Lound near Bourne, Lincolnshire held by "Baldwinus de Saint Omer quam dedit comes Simon Alano fratri meo et post mortem predicti Alani michi confirmavit" to "Tome Peuerel"[1133]

 

 

The parentage of Gilbert Scrope has not been ascertained but his close connection with the family is confirmed by the reference to Flotemanby in the source which is quoted below. 

1.         GILBERT Scropem ---.  The name of Gilbert´s wife is not known.  Gilbert & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM Scrope .  "Willelmus Scrop filius Gilberti Scrop" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of land "de Flotemanby super Waldik" made by "Symonis de Scrop de Flotemanby"[1134]

 

 

WILLIAM Scrope, son of HENRY Scrope & his wife Juliana de Brun (-before 1 Feb 1312).  "Willelmus le Skrop" confirmed a donation to Rievaulx made by "Reginaldi Chubbe et Ymanyæ uxoris suæ" by undated charter[1135]

m CONSTANCE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1 Jan 1334 under which her son "Dominum Henricum le Scrop militem advocatum Abbathie sancte Agathe" donated property to Easby abbey, for the souls of "Willi le Scrop et Co´stancie uxoris eiusdem Willi patris et matris predicti domini Henrici…"[1136].  Nicholas suggests that her father was Thomas, son of Gillo de Newsom, whose daughter Constance was heiress of lands in Newsom-upon-Tyne which were inherited by William Scrope´s son Henry Scrope[1137]

William & his wife had four children: 

1.         HENRY Scrope (-7 Sep 1336, bur Easby Abbey).  "Dominum Henricum le Scrop militem advocatum Abbathie sancte Agathe" donated property to Easby abbey, for the souls of "Willi le Scrop et Co´stancie uxoris eiusdem Willi patris et matris predicti domini Henrici…et…heredum dicti domini Henrici et Margarete uxoris eius…et…domini Galfri le Scrop et Ivette uxoris eius…domini Henrici de Lasci quondam comitis Lincoln", by charter dated 1 Jan 1334[1138].  The Inquisitions dated 1336 confirm the death 7 Sep of "Henricus le Scrop" and name "Willielmo filio eiusdem Henrici…[…ætatis sexdecim annorum]…Stephano fratri eiusdem Willielmi"[1139]m MARGARET, daughter of --- (-17 Oct 1357).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1 Jan 1334 under which her husband "Dominum Henricum le Scrop militem advocatum Abbathie sancte Agathe" donated property to Easby abbey, for the souls of "…heredum dicti domini Henrici et Margarete uxoris eius…"[1140].  Nicholas suggests that she was the daughter of "Lord FitzWalter" on the basis of "the effigies of the Scrope family in Wenslay church" where the arms of Henry Scrope are impaled with those of FitzWalter[1141].  Henry & his wife had three children: 

a)         WILLIAM Scrope ([1320])-17 Nov 1344, bur Easby Abbey).  The Inquisitions dated 1336 confirm the death 7 Sep of "Henricus le Scrop" and name "Willielmo filio eiusdem Henrici…[…ætatis sexdecim annorum]…Stephano fratri eiusdem Willielmi"[1142].  The Inquisitions dated 1344 confirm the death 17 Nov of "Willielmus filius Henrici le Scrope…sine herede masculo" and name "Ricardus le Scrope frater predicti Willielmi…heres et etatis 17 annorum…Stephano fratri eiusdem Wilielmi defuncto"[1143]m as her first husband, CECILY, daughter of ---.  Nicholas states that "the impalement of his [William Scrope´s] arms on his effigy in Wenslay church tends to prove that her name was Roos"[1144].  She married secondly (before 23 Oct 1345) John de Clopton.  "The manors of East and West Bolton" were assigned in dower to "Ceceilie quæ fuit uxor Willielmi Lescrop defuncti quam Johannes de Clopton duxit in uxorem" within two years of the death of William Scrope[1145]

b)         STEPHEN Scrope (-before 1344).  The Inquisitions dated 1336 confirm the death 7 Sep of "Henricus le Scrop" and name "Willielmo filio eiusdem Henrici…[…ætatis sexdecim annorum]…Stephano fratri eiusdem Willielmi"[1146].  The Inquisitions dated 1344 confirm the death 17 Nov of "Willielmus filius Henrici le Scrope…sine herede masculo" and name "Ricardus le Scrope frater predicti Willielmi…heres et etatis 17 annorum…Stephano fratri eiusdem Wilielmi defuncto"[1147]

c)         RICHARD Scrope of Bolton, Wensleydale, Yorkshire ([1326/27]-30 May 1403, bur Easby Abbey).  The Inquisitions dated 1344 confirm the death 17 Nov of "Willielmus filius Henrici le Scrope…sine herede masculo" and name "Ricardus le Scrope frater predicti Willielmi…heres et etatis 17 annorum…Stephano fratri eiusdem Wilielmi defuncto"[1148].  He was summoned to Parliament from 1370 whereby he is held to have become Lord Scrope.  The testament of "Ricus Lescrop Dns de Bolton", dated 2 Aug 1401, chooses burial "in Mon Abbie sancte Agathe jux Richemond", bequeathes property to "Rogero filio meo…et heredi…Stephano Lescrop filio meo…Isabelle…filie mee…Margarete filie mee uxori Rogeri Lescrop filii mei…Milicente…filie mee…domino Stephano Lescrop consanguineo meo…domino Archiepo Ebor…filio meo…domino Henrico Lescrop consanguineo meo…domino Henri Fitz Hugh consanguineo meo…"[1149]m (before 21 Feb 1352) BLANCHE de la Pole, daughter of WILLIAM de la Pole & his wife Catherine de Norwich (-after 1378).  “Michael de la Pole miles, dominus de Wingfeild” founded Kingston-upon-Hull priory, for the souls of “…Blanchiæ sororis nostræ nuper uxoris…domini Richardi le Scrop…”, by charter dated 18 Feb 1378[1150]

-        LORDS SCROPE [of Bolton][1151]

2.         GEOFFREY Scrope ([before 1285]-Gent Dec 1340, bur Coverham Abbey).  m IVETTE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1 Jan 1334 under which "Dominum Henricum le Scrop militem advocatum Abbathie sancte Agathe" donated property to Easby abbey, for the souls of "…domini Galfri le Scrop et Ivette uxoris eius…"[1152]

-        LORDS SCROPE [of Masham][1153]

3.         STEPHEN Scrope .  "Stephen le Scrope" transferred his manor of West Bolton to "his brother Sir Henry le Scrope" by undated charter[1154]

4.         daughter .  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated to [1300] under which "his uncle Sir Henry le Scrope" confirmed a grant of "the Hermitage" to "Harsculphus de Cleseby"[1155]m WILLIAM de Cleseby of Marske, son of ---. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 23.  SOMERY

 

 

1.         ROGER [I] de Somery (-after 1129).  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger de Sumeri" in Kent for holdings "tra Matis uxoris sue"[1156].  An undated charter records donations to Rochester, including the donation of “redditus in Vanna” made by “Rogerus de Sumeri et Christiana uxor eius[1157].  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land in “Heselingfeld…et ecclesiam” by “Rogerus de Sumeri[1158].   m CHRISTIANA, daughter of --- & his wife Matilda --- (-after 1139).  An undated charter records donations to Rochester, including the donation of “redditus in Vanna” made by “Rogerus de Sumeri et Christiana uxor eius[1159].  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Roger de Sumeri" in Kent for holdings "tra Matis uxoris sue"[1160].  King Stephen confirmed a donation to Stratford-at-Bow priory of land at Haslingfield, Cambridgeshire by "Cristiana de Sumeri et filii sui" by charter dated to [1139/54][1161].  Roger [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ADAM de Somery (-after 1166).  Domesday Descendants says that Adam was the son of Roger de Somery (and suggests that he was a minor when his father died) but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1162].  King Stephen confirmed property to Geoffrey de Mandeville Earl of Essex, including "servicium Ade de Sum[er]i de feodo de Elmedona pro iii militibus", by charter dated Christmas 1141[1163].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Adam de Sumery ii m i militem" in Cambridgeshire & Huntingdonshire in [1160/61][1164].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Adam de Sumeri" held 7 knights´ fees from "Willelmi comitis Gloucestriæ" in Gloucestershire[1165]

 

 

1.         HENRY de Somery (-after 21 Oct 1166).  "William de Sumery and Cecilia his wife" donated property to Walden abbey, for the soul of Geoffrey Earl of Essex on the day of his burial, by charter dated 21 Oct 1166 witnessed by "his father Henry, his brother Helias and his nephew Philip"[1166]m ---.  The name of Henry´s wife is not known.  Henry & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         WILLIAM de Somery (-after 21 Oct 1166).  "William de Sumery and Cecilia his wife" donated property to Walden abbey, for the soul of Geoffrey Earl of Essex on the day of his burial, by charter dated 21 Oct 1166 witnessed by "his father Henry, his brother Helias and his nephew Philip"[1167]m CECILIA, daughter of --- (-after 21 Oct 1166).  "William de Sumery and Cecilia his wife" donated property to Walden abbey, for the soul of Geoffrey Earl of Essex on the day of his burial, by charter dated 21 Oct 1166 witnessed by "his father Henry, his brother Helias and his nephew Philip"[1168]

b)         HELIAS de Somery (-after 21 Oct 1166).  "William de Sumery and Cecilia his wife" donated property to Walden abbey, for the soul of Geoffrey Earl of Essex on the day of his burial, by charter dated 21 Oct 1166 witnessed by "his father Henry, his brother Helias and his nephew Philip"[1169]same person as…?  ELIAS de Somery (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Helias Sumeri" held one knight´s fee from "Eudonis dapiferi" in Essex[1170]

c)         [--- .  m ---.]  One child: 

i)          PHILIP (-after 21 Oct 1166).  "William de Sumery and Cecilia his wife" donated property to Walden abbey, for the soul of Geoffrey Earl of Essex on the day of his burial, by charter dated 21 Oct 1166 witnessed by "his father Henry, his brother Helias and his nephew Philip"[1171]

 

 

1.         --- de Somery m --- de Lucy, daughter of ROBERT de Lucy & his wife ---.  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by an order dated [Feb] 1222 under which "Robert de Picquigny, Milo de Somery and Beatrice de Lucy" made a fine for "their relief of the land formerly of Emma de Lucy, sister of Beatrice and aunt of Robert and Miles, whose heirs they are, in Elmdon…honour de Boulogne"[1172].  One child: 

a)         MILO de Somery (-[29 Sep 1223/1228]).  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land from the king in Hertfordshire, dated to [1204/12]: "Milo de Sumery" held land "in Brikendon…[et] in Bygrave de honore Gloucestrie"[1173].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Milo de Sumeri" holding one knight´s fee "de honore Gloucestriæ" in Norfolk, Suffolk, and one "in Naselingefeude" in Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire in [1210/12][1174].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Milo de Sumery, Rogerus de Neville, Letitia de Pinkeyni, Serlo de Marcy" holding one knight´s fee each "in Elmedene" in Essex, Hertfordshire in [1210/12][1175].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in the honour of Boulogne, dated to [1217/18], which includes "Leticia de Lucy, Milo de Sumery, Rogerus de Neovill, Ema de Marcy" holding "iv milites…in Heaumedon, Dubenhog, La Lee, Crawell"[1176].  "Robert de Picquigny, Milo de Somery and Beatrice de Lucy" made a fine for "their relief of the land formerly of Emma de Lucy, sister of Beatrice and aunt of Robert and Miles, whose heirs they are, in Elmdon…honour de Boulogne", dated [Feb] 1222[1177].  The Pipe Roll 1223 records “Robertus de Pinkeinni Milo de Sumeri et Beatricia de Lucy” owing in Essex[1178]m ---.  The name of Milo´s wife is not known.  Milo & his wife had six children: 

i)          ROGER [II] de Somery (-before 8 Jan 1236).  "Roger de Somery, son and heir of Milo de Somery" paid homage for "all the lands that Milo held of the king in chief of the honour of Boulogne", dated [Apr] 1229[1179]

ii)         STEPHEN de Somery (-before [28 Oct 1238/27 Oct 1239]).  The king took the homage of “Stephen de Somery, brother and heir of Roger de Somery for the lands...of the aforesaid Roger which fall to Stephen by hereditary right”, Berkshire, order dated 8 Jan 1236[1180].  An order was made, dated [28 Oct 1238/27 Oct 1239], permitting “the executors of the testament of Stephen de Somery to have free administration of the goods formerly of the said Stephen”, counties not specified[1181].  A writ dated 31 May "31 Hen III", after the death of "Stephen de Sumery" notes that "he died seven years ago" and "was not seised of 4 l rent of a moiety of the manor of Wysheleg which Roger de Sumery his elder brother demised at fee farm to Robert de Briwes" (in Surrey)[1182].  Inquisitions following a writ of certiorari dated 7 Feb "17 Edw I" after the death of "Stephen de Sumery” record that “the inheritance of the said Stephen in Schenleye [Hertford] was parted between Maud de Bacheswrth, Amabel de Montiniaco, Muriel Picot and Ela de Monte Caniso sisters and heirs of the said Stephen[1183]m JOAN, daughter of --- (-before 14 Aug 1281).  Inquisitions in Cambridge after a writ dated 14 Aug "10 Edw I" following the death of "Henry Joan de Somery" record “Haslygfeud, a manor held of the heirs of Stephen de Somery in dower”, add “she had no heir of the said manor because she held in dower of the said heirs, viz. Roger de Bachewrthe, Robert de Munteny, Peter Pykot and John de Monte Caniso who are the next heirs and of full age...the youngest of whom is aged 40 and more[1184]

iii)        MATILDA de Somery .  Inquisitions following a writ of certiorari dated 7 Feb "17 Edw I" after the death of "Stephen de Sumery” record that “the inheritance of the said Stephen in Schenleye [Hertford] was parted between Maud de Bacheswrth, Amabel de Montiniaco, Muriel Picot and Ela de Monte Caniso sisters and heirs of the said Stephen”, and add that “the service of Adam de Somery fell to the pourparty of Roger de Backeswrth, son and heir of the said Maud...Ranulph de Montiniaco son and heir of the said Amabel, John Picot heir of the said Muriel, and John de Monte Caniso heir of the said Ela[1185]m --- de Backsworth, son of ---. 

iv)       AMABEL de Somery .  Inquisitions following a writ of certiorari dated 7 Feb "17 Edw I" after the death of "Stephen de Sumery” record that “the inheritance of the said Stephen in Schenleye [Hertford] was parted between Maud de Bacheswrth, Amabel de Montiniaco, Muriel Picot and Ela de Monte Caniso sisters and heirs of the said Stephen”, and add that “the service of Adam de Somery fell to the pourparty of Roger de Backeswrth, son and heir of the said Maud...Ranulph de Montiniaco son and heir of the said Amabel, John Picot heir of the said Muriel, and John de Monte Caniso heir of the said Ela[1186]m --- de Montigny, son of ---. 

v)        MURIEL de Somery .  Inquisitions following a writ of certiorari dated 7 Feb "17 Edw I" after the death of "Stephen de Sumery” record that “the inheritance of the said Stephen in Schenleye [Hertford] was parted between Maud de Bacheswrth, Amabel de Montiniaco, Muriel Picot and Ela de Monte Caniso sisters and heirs of the said Stephen”, and add that “the service of Adam de Somery fell to the pourparty of Roger de Backeswrth, son and heir of the said Maud...Ranulph de Montiniaco son and heir of the said Amabel, John Picot heir of the said Muriel, and John de Monte Caniso heir of the said Ela[1187]m --- Picot, son of ---. 

vi)       ELA de Somery .  Inquisitions following a writ of certiorari dated 7 Feb "17 Edw I" after the death of "Stephen de Sumery” record that “the inheritance of the said Stephen in Schenleye [Hertford] was parted between Maud de Bacheswrth, Amabel de Montiniaco, Muriel Picot and Ela de Monte Caniso sisters and heirs of the said Stephen”, and add that “the service of Adam de Somery fell to the pourparty of Roger de Backeswrth, son and heir of the said Maud...Ranulph de Montiniaco son and heir of the said Amabel, John Picot heir of the said Muriel, and John de Monte Caniso heir of the said Ela[1188]m --- de Munchensy, son of ---. 

 

 

1.         RALPH [I] de Somery (-after [1161]).  “G. Painel”, considering the proposal of “Radulfi Painel patris mei”, founded Dudley priory, for the salvation of “Isabellæ uxoris meæ et Roberti filii mei”, by undated charter (dated by Dugdale to "before 1161"), witnessed by "…Radulpho de Sumeri…"[1189]

 

2.         JOHN de Somery (-[1191/92]).  The connection with Dudley and the Paynell family suggests that John de Somery may have been the son of Ralph [I] de Somery, who witnessed the foundation charter of Dudley priory (see above).  m as her first husband, HAWISE Paynell, daughter of RALPH Paynell of Dudley & his wife --- (-after 1210).  “Hawys Paganella” confirmed donations to Tykford Priory by "Johannes de Sumeri vir meus" by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo de Sumeri filio meo[1190].   She married secondly ([1196/97]) Roger de Berkeley.  “Hawis Paynel” donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of “domini mei Rogeri de Berkele”, for the soul of “Gervasii Paynel fratris mei”, by undated charter[1191].   Hawise must have survived her son Ralph [II] de Somery, as shown by a plea in Staffordshire dated 1240 which records that certain land was inherited from "Gervasio Paenel cuidam Hawisie sorori et heredi", and passed from her to her grandsons: "…de iste Radulpho cuidam Willelmi et fratri et heredi, et de Willelmo cuidam Nicholao…filii et heredi, et de Nicholao isti Rogero ut avunculo quia non habuit heredem de corpore sua"[1192].  John & his wife had [three] children: 

a)         RALPH [II] de Somery (-[Jan/Jul] 1210).  “Hawys Paganella” confirmed donations to Tykford Priory by "Johannes de Sumeri vir meus" by undated charter, witnessed by “Radulfo de Sumeri filio meo[1193].   The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Radulfus de Sumery" paying "iv l vi s viii d, iv milites et tertiam" in Worcestershire and "vii.l. xiii.s. de Radulfo de Sumeri" among "de hiis qui non habent capitales honores in hoc comitatu" in Berkshire[1194].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1196/97], records "Radulfus de Sumeri" paying "xx s in Chiselhamtone, i militem" in Oxfordshire, "Radulfus de Somery" among "isti sunt quieti per breve" in Berkshire, and “Radulfo de Sumery 1.l de feodo Gervasii Paganelli” in Staffordshire[1195].  A later note added to Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, records that King John granted "maneria de Mere Suneforde et Clentes" to "Radulfus de Sumery" in Staffordshire[1196].  The Pipe Roll [1207/08] records “Radulphus de Sumeri r.c. de x.li. de Cremento de Swineford et Clent et Mera[1197].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Radulfus de Sumeri" holding 14 knights´ fees "de honore de Neu[port]" in Buckinghamshire, and three knights´ fees and parts "in Framkelega, Wormelega, Belewe, Pesemore, Swinforde, Hagele et Credelega" in Worcestershire, in [1210/12][1198].  The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land in Northamptonshire, dated to [1208/09]: "Radulfus de Somery" held land "unde caput est in Warr"[1199].  The Testa de Nevill records in 1212 that "Rogerus de Sumervill" held "manerium de Alrewas" in Staffordshire and that the manor was then “in custodia magistri Radulfi de Stok cum filio ipsius Rogeri” and also that “comes de Salesbir” held “maneria de Swinford et de Clent et de Mere cum filio et herede Radulfi de Sumeri in custodia[1200].  m (before 1194) as her first husband, MARGARET Crassus, daughter of WILLIAM [III] Crassus & his wife [--- Marshal] (-after 14 Jun 1247).  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by a charter [dated to before 1194] under which “William le Gros” gave land at Little Dalby to “Ralph Somery” as part of the marriage contract for his daughter Margaret[1201].  [The Complete Peerage names “Margaret m 1stly Ralph de Somerey, 2ndly Maurice de Gaunt” as the first daughter of John FitzGilbert “the Marshal” and his second wife[1202].  If right, this would mean that she was Margaret Marshal, daughter of John Marshal & his second wife Sibyl of Salisbury.  From a chronological point of view, it cannot be correct.  The births of the children of John FitzGilbert and his second wife can be dated to [1145/55].  Concerning Margaret´s first marriage, the chronology suggests that the children of Ralph de Somery and his wife were born in the late 1190s or the early years of the 13th century.  Concerning the second marriage, Maurice de Gant´s wife is recorded as living in 1247.  As can be seen, none of these dates is compatible with Margaret having been the daughter of John FitzGilbert.]  The Pipe Roll 1210 records that "Margareta que fuit uxor Radulfi de Sumeri" arranged to pay an instalment of her fine for the assignment of her dower in Berkshire in midsummer[1203].  Margaret married secondly ([1220/21]) as his second wife, Maurice de Gant.  This second marriage is indicated by two sources relating to Staffordshire, where Ralph [II] de Somery had been granted land by King John (see above).  Firstly, King Henry III ordered the sheriff of Staffordshire to permit “Maurice de Gant” to collect scutage from knights´ fees he holds in his bailiwick of the land “he holds in dower of Margaret his wife”, dated [Sep] 1224[1204].  Secondly, the Assize Rolls for 1228 record that eight persons were summoned to show cause why they intruded into “a carucate of land which Alan de Englefeld held, the custody of whose lands after his death belonged to Maurice de Gant and Margaret his wife...the land formed part of the dower of Margaret[1205].  Alan de Englefield was Margaret´s son-in-law (see below).  Several other sources have been identified which name Margaret, none of which makes the connection between Ralph de Somery and Maurice de Gant.  Three of these sources clearly refer to the widow of Ralph de Somery: (1) “Roger de Sumeri” confirmed an agreement between “Margaret his mother” and “William de Englefeld” [his nephew, son of his sister Isabel] concerning a grant and exchange of lands “at Bradfield”, Berkshire[1206], undated, but presumably dateable to after Roger´succession to the family estates following the death of his nephew Nicholas (before 4 Jul 1229); (2) and (3) two sets of entries in the Testa de Nevill, Berkshire fees in [1235/36] which include " i.m de i. feodo in Englefeud de feodo de Sumeri et...quarta parte unius feodi Nicholai le Butiler de eodem honore [=honore de Walingeford?] et i.m de i. feodo Margerie de Sumery in Cumton Beucamp de eodem honore et i.m. de i. feodo eiusdem Margerie in Idesleg...et...in Adecote...Watindeden...Stanford...Yngelpenne de eodem honore"[1207], and Berkshire fees in [1242/43] which name "Rogerus de Sumery in Bradefeld i. feodum...Margareta de Sumeri in Bradefeld unum feodum predicti Rogeri...Willelmus de Englefeld in Englefeld unum feodum de eodem feodo"[1208].  Two further sources clearly refer to the wife of Maurice de Gant: firstly, Henry III King of England ordered the sheriff of Somerset, notwithstanding the order of seisin in favour of "Walter de Everm", to give seisin of "maneriis de Cantokesheved et de Hivis [Quantockshead and Huish]...que fuerunt Mauricii de Gant quondam viri sui" to "Margarete de Sumery" as dower, by order dated 1231[1209], and secondly “Margaret de Somery” reached agreement with “Henry de Gaunt rector of the almonry of St Mark´s Hospital, Billeswick” on the tithes of the mill of East Quantoxhead, Somerset and other matters by charter dated 14 Jun 1247[1210].  Two more sources are inconclusive: the Plea Rolls for 1233 include a claim in Oxfordshire by “John de Beauchamp” against “Margery de Sumery, in a plea of land and wardship[1211], and an undated order, in 1237, records “Assizes taken...in...Worcestershire” from “Margaret de Somery[1212].  Thomas Stapleton made a detailed study of the life of Maurice de Gant in the mid-19th century but all the sources to which he refers are inconclusive regarding the parentage of Maurice de Gant´s second wife[1213].  It is somewhat surprising that Maurice would have married the widow of Ralph [II] de Somery who, although she had proven her child-bearing capacity, must have been nearly 40 years old by [1220].  Stapleton dates the Margaret de Somery/Maurice de Gant marriage to “prior to the fifth year of Henry III [Nov 1220/Nov 1221] when Maurice de Gaunt paid scutage of Byham for the manor of Bradfield in Berkshire to Percival de Sumery[1214].  Ralph [II] & his wife had [five] children: 

i)          RALPH [III] de Somery (-[Feb] 1220).  His parentage is confirmed by a plea in Staffordshire dated 1240, P. R. O. Assise Roll 1174, which records that certain land was inherited from "Gervasio Paenel cuidam Hawisie sorori et heredi", from her by "Radulpho…filio et heredi, et de Radulpho cuidam alii Radulpho filii et heredi, et de iste Radulpho cuidam Willelmi et fratri et heredi, et de Willelmo cuidam Nicholao…filii et heredi, et de Nicholao isti Rogero ut avunculo quia non habuit heredem de corpore sua", although the list appears to insert an extra "Ralph" in the generational list[1215].  The Testa de Nevill records in 1212 that “comes de Salesbir” held “maneria de Swinford et de Clent et de Mere cum filio et herede Radulfi de Sumeri in custodia[1216].  The Pipe Roll [1214/15] records “heres Radulphi de Sumeri. l.s. de cremento de Swinford et de Clent et de Mere[1217].  “Ralph [de] Somery and Alice his wife” made a fine to sue “Ralph Mangefer” concerning “a message...in Cliffe”, Sussex, order dated 11 Feb 1220[1218]m IDA de Longespee, daughter of WILLIAM Longespee Earl of Salisbury & his wife Ela Ctss of Salisbury (after 1206-after 1260).  William Earl of Salisbury granted the manor of Belcham to "William de Beauchamp…with Ida his daughter, who was the wife of Ralph de Sumeri" dated 1220[1219].  It is likely that Ida was still a child at the time of her first marriage.  Ida´s mother´s birth can be dated with reasonable accuracy to [1191/92], as Gilbert Crispin who was the second husband of Ida´s maternal grandmother died in 1190.  If that is correct, it is unlikely that Ida was born before 1206, assuming that she was the oldest child of her parents (of which there is no proof).  “Ralph [de] Somery and Alice his wife” made a fine to sue “Ralph Mangefer” concerning “a message...in Cliffe”, Sussex, order dated 11 Feb 1220[1220].  The difference of name Alice/Ida has not been explained.  She married secondly ([1220]) William de Beauchamp

ii)         WILLIAM Perceval de Somery (-before 20 Jun 1222).  His parentage is confirmed by a plea in Staffordshire dated 1240, P. R. O. Assise Roll 1174, which records that certain land was inherited from "Gervasio Paenel cuidam Hawisie sorori et heredi", from her by "…de iste Radulpho cuidam Willelmi et fratri et heredi, et de Willelmo cuidam Nicholao…filii et heredi, et de Nicholao isti Rogero ut avunculo quia non habuit heredem de corpore sua"[1221]m ---.  The name of William´s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

(a)       NICHOLAS de Somery (-before 4 Jul 1229).  The Testa de Nevill records in Staffordshire that “Nicholaus de Sumery est in custodia comitis Cestrie...” in [1226/28][1222].  "Rogeri de Sumery fratris Willelmi Percevall de Sumery" swore homage to the king for "terra quam predictus Willelmus Perceval de rege tenuit", adding that he was heir to “Nicholaus filius ipsius Willelmi”, dated 10 Jul 1229[1223].  His parentage is confirmed by a plea in Staffordshire dated 1240, P. R. O. Assise Roll 1174, which records that certain land was inherited from "Gervasio Paenel cuidam Hawisie sorori et heredi", from her by "…de iste Radulpho cuidam Willelmi et fratri et heredi, et de Willelmo cuidam Nicholao…filii et heredi, et de Nicholao isti Rogero ut avunculo quia non habuit heredem de corpore sua"[1224]

iii)        ROGER [IV] de Somery (-before 26 Aug 1273).  His parentage is confirmed by a plea in Staffordshire dated 1240, P. R. O. Assise Roll 1174, which records that certain land was inherited from "Gervasio Paenel cuidam Hawisie sorori et heredi", from her by "…de iste Radulpho cuidam Willelmi et fratri et heredi, et de Willelmo cuidam Nicholao…filii et heredi, et de Nicholao isti Rogero ut avunculo quia non habuit heredem de corpore sua"[1225]

-         see below

iv)       [JOAN (-after 1273).  Smyth records that Thomas married "Jone daughter of Sr Raph de Somery lord of Campden in Gloucestershire necce to Willm Marshall Earle of Pembrooke", and that she died during the reign of King Edward I, but the precise primary sources on which he bases his statements are not obvious from his citations[1226].  "Joan de Berkele…and…Maurice de Berkele her son" were granted rights in "their manors of Wutton and Kamme, co Gloucester" dated 2 Aug 1252[1227]m THOMAS de Berkeley, son of MAURICE de Berkeley & his wife Alice de Berkeley ([1170]-29 Nov 1243, bur Bristol St Augustine).] 

v)        ISABEL de SomeryHer parentage and marriage are confirmed by the undated charter under which Roger de Sumery” quitclaimed “William de Englefield” for service of one knight´s fee “in Humeleye and...in Englefield which Isabella the grantor´s sister held in dower”, in accordance with a charter which “Ralph de Sumery the grantor´s father made to Alan de Englefeld, father of the grantee[1228].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Berkshire, dated [1235/36], which include "i.m de i. feodo in Englefeud de feodo de Sumeri et...quarta parte unius feodi Nicholai le Butiler de eodem honore et...de feodo Margerie de Sumery...de eodem honore"[1229].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Berkshire, dated [1242/43], which include "Rogerus de Sumery in Bradefeld i. feodum...Margareta de Sumeri in Bradefeld unum feodum predicti Rogeri...Willelmus de Englefeld in Englefeld unum feodum de eodem feodo"[1230].   m ALAN de Englefield, son of --- (-before 1228).  

b)         [AGNES de Somery .  Pope Lucius III confirmed the possessions of Dudley priory, including the donation of “villam de Chyrchille” by "Agnetis de Somery" and donations by “Gervasii Paganelli”, by bull dated 16 Jun 1190[1231].  The parentage of Agnes is unknown.  However, the linking of her name with Gervase Paynell in this charter suggests a family relationship, as Gervase was the brother of her supposed mother.] 

 

 

1.         ROGER [III] de Somerym ---.  The name of Roger´s wife is not known.  Roger [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         AGNES de Somery .  Bracton records a claim, dated 1231, by "Hamoni de Valoniis" against "Jeruasius de Aldermannebiria", the latter stating that "Rogerus de Sumery" gave "terram de Cristehale…in maritagium Hamoni patri istius Hamonis cum Agnete filia sua", that the couple were later divorced and the maritagium returned, while the claimant replied that Agnes lived for thirty years after her divorce and requested nothing from his father or from "Thoma fratre suo qui per v annos fuit in seisina tocius hereditatis patris sui"[1232]m (divorced) as his second wife, HAMON de Valognes, son of ---. 

 

 

ROGER [IV] de Somery, son of RALPH [II] de Somery & his wife Margaret Crassus (-before 26 Aug 1273).  "Rogeri de Sumery fratris Willelmi Percevall de Sumery" swore homage to the king for "terra quam predictus Willelmus Perceval de rege tenuit", adding that he was heir to “Nicholaus filius ipsius Willelmi”, dated 10 Jul 1229[1233].  An undated order, [28 Oct 1237/27 Oct 1238], records a fine made by “the men of Alrewas”, Shropshire, against “Roger de Somery their lord[1234].  His parentage is confirmed by a plea in Staffordshire dated 1240 which records that certain land was inherited from "Gervasio Paenel cuidam Hawisie sorori et heredi", from her by "…de iste Radulpho cuidam Willelmi et fratri et heredi, et de Willelmo cuidam Nicholao…filii et heredi, et de Nicholao isti Rogero ut avunculo quia non habuit heredem de corpore sua"[1235].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Berkshire, dated [1242/43], which include "Rogerus de Sumery in Bradefeld i. feodum...Margareta de Sumeri in Bradefeld unum feodum predicti Rogeri...Willelmus de Englefeld in Englefeld unum feodum de eodem feodo"[1236].   A writ dated 26 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Roger de Somery" names "Roger his son aged 18 at the Nativity of St John the Baptist in the said year is his next heir", provides for "lands…whereof Lady Anabel late his wife ought to be dowered", and records details of "the inheritance of Nicholaa de Albiniaco his first wife"[1237]

m firstly NICOLE de Albini, daughter of WILLIAM de Albini Earl of Arundel & his wife Mabel of Chester.  The Annales Londonienses name "Mabiliam, Nicholaam, Ceciliam et Isabellam" as the four daughters of "secunda…Mabillia…uxor comitis de Arundelle", specifying that "Nicholaa" married "Rogeri de Someri" and had "filium Radulphum qui mortuus erat ante patrem suum et quatuor filias, Margaretam, Johannam, Elizabetham et Matildam, Margareta nupsit Radulpho de Basset juniori, Johanna nupsit Johanni Lestrange, Elizabetha Waltero de Souli, Matillda Henrico de Erdyntoune"[1238]

m secondly (1254 or before) as her second husband, AMABIL, widow of GILBERT de Segrave, daughter of ROBERT de Chaucombe of Chaucombe, Northamptonshire & his wife --- (-after 26 Aug 1273, bur Chaucombe Priory).  A writ dated 26 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Roger de Somery" names "Roger his son aged 18 at the Nativity of St John the Baptist in the said year is his next heir", provides for "lands…whereof Lady Anabel late his wife ought to be dowered", and records details of "the inheritance of Nicholaa de Albiniaco his first wife"[1239]

Roger [IV] & his first wife had five children: 

1.         RALPH [IV] de Somery (-[before 1253]).  The Annales Londonienses name "filium Radulphum qui mortuus erat ante patrem suum et quatuor filias, Margaretam, Johannam, Elizabetham et Matildam, Margareta nupsit Radulpho de Basset juniori, Johanna nupsit Johanni Lestrange, Elizabetha Waltero de Souli, Matillda Henrico de Erdyntoune" as the children of "Rogeri de Someri" and his wife "Nicholaa"[1240]

2.         MARGARET de Somery (-before 18 Sep 1289).  The Annales Londonienses name "filium Radulphum qui mortuus erat ante patrem suum et quatuor filias, Margaretam, Johannam, Elizabetham et Matildam, Margareta nupsit Radulpho de Basset juniori, Johanna nupsit Johanni Lestrange, Elizabetha Waltero de Souli, Matillda Henrico de Erdyntoune" as the children of "Rogeri de Someri" and his wife "Nicholaa", adding that Margaret married "Radulpho de Basset juniori"[1241].  “Radulfus Basset filius Isabel” confirmed donations to Canwell priory, for the souls of “…Margaretæ uxoris meæ et hæredum meorum”, by undated charter[1242].  A writ dated 26 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Roger de Somery" records details of "the inheritance of Nicholaa de Albiniaco his first wife" and names "Margaret the wife of Ralph de Cromwelle, Joan the wife of John le Strange, Mabel the wife of Walter de Suyllye and Maud the wife of Henry de Erdinton" as her heirs[1243]m firstly RALPH Basset, son of RALPH Basset & his wife (-4 Aug 1265).  m secondly (before 26 Jan 1271) RALPH de Cromwell of Cromwell, Nottinghamshire and West Hallam, Derbyshire, son of ---. 

3.         JOAN de Somery .  The Annales Londonienses name "filium Radulphum qui mortuus erat ante patrem suum et quatuor filias, Margaretam, Johannam, Elizabetham et Matildam, Margareta nupsit Radulpho de Basset juniori, Johanna nupsit Johanni Lestrange, Elizabetha Waltero de Souli, Matillda Henrico de Erdyntoune" as the children of "Rogeri de Someri" and his wife "Nicholaa", adding that Joan married "Johanni Lestrange"[1244].  A writ dated 26 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Roger de Somery" records details of "the inheritance of Nicholaa de Albiniaco his first wife" and names "Margaret the wife of Ralph de Cromwelle, Joan the wife of John le Strange, Mabel the wife of Walter de Suyllye and Maud the wife of Henry de Erdinton" as her heirs[1245]m JOHN [IV] le Strange, son of JOHN [III] le Strange & his wife Lucy [Tresgoz] (-before 28 Dec 1275[1246]). 

4.         ELIZABETH [Mabel] de Somery .  The Annales Londonienses name "filium Radulphum qui mortuus erat ante patrem suum et quatuor filias, Margaretam, Johannam, Elizabetham et Matildam, Margareta nupsit Radulpho de Basset juniori, Johanna nupsit Johanni Lestrange, Elizabetha Waltero de Souli, Matillda Henrico de Erdyntoune" as the children of "Rogeri de Someri" and his wife "Nicholaa", adding that Elizabeth married "Waltero de Souli"[1247].  A writ dated 26 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Roger de Somery" records details of "the inheritance of Nicholaa de Albiniaco his first wife" and names "Margaret the wife of Ralph de Cromwelle, Joan the wife of John le Strange, Mabel the wife of Walter de Suyllye and Maud the wife of Henry de Erdinton" as her heirs[1248]m WALTER de Soulis, son of . 

5.         MATILDA de Somery .  The Annales Londonienses name "filium Radulphum qui mortuus erat ante patrem suum et quatuor filias, Margaretam, Johannam, Elizabetham et Matildam, Margareta nupsit Radulpho de Basset juniori, Johanna nupsit Johanni Lestrange, Elizabetha Waltero de Souli, Matillda Henrico de Erdyntoune" as the children of "Rogeri de Someri" and his wife "Nicholaa", adding that Matilda married "Henrico de Erdyntoune"[1249].  A writ dated 26 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Roger de Somery" records details of "the inheritance of Nicholaa de Albiniaco his first wife" and names "Margaret the wife of Ralph de Cromwelle, Joan the wife of John le Strange, Mabel the wife of Walter de Suyllye and Maud the wife of Henry de Erdinton" as her heirs[1250]m HENRY de Erdington, son of . 

Roger [IV] & his second wife had two children: 

6.         ROGER [V] de Somery (24 Jun 1255-before 11 Oct 1291).  A writ dated 26 Aug "1 Edw I", after the death of "Roger de Somery" names "Roger his son aged 18 at the Nativity of St John the Baptist in the said year is his next heir"[1251].  "Rogerus de Somery filius Domini Rogeri de Somery" consented to the donation of "manerium meum de Pendeford" made to the priory of St Thomas, near Stafford by "Johannes dominus de Pendeford…" by charter dated to [1277/78], witnessed by "…Persevallo de Somery fratre meo…"[1252].  Inquisitions following a writ dated 11 Oct "19 Edw I" after the death of "Roger de Somery...” name “John his son aged 12 and more [...13 on Monday before St Chad in March next 20 Edw I] is his next heir[1253]m AGNES, daughter of --- (-23 Nov 1308 or before).  Roger [V] & his wife had three children: 

a)         JOHN de Somery (Mar [1279/80]-1 Jul or 1 Aug 1322).  Inquisitions following a writ dated 11 Oct "19 Edw I" after the death of "Roger de Somery...” name “John his son aged 12 and more [...13 on Monday before St Chad in March next 20 Edw I] is his next heir[1254].  He was summoned to parliament in 1308, whereby he is held to have become Lord Somery.  m LUCY, daughter of --- (-[1325/42]). 

b)         MARGARET de Somery ([1289/90]-).  She inherited the castle of Dudley and was ancestor of the Lords Dudley[1255]m JOHN de Sutton, son of ---. 

c)         JOAN de Somery ([1291/92]-after 18 Jan 1327)m THOMAS de Botetourt, son of JOHN Lord Botetourt & his wife Maud FitzOtes (-1322). 

7.         PERCEVAL Somery (-after [1277/78]).  "Rogerus de Somery filius Domini Rogeri de Somery" consented to the donation of "manerium meum de Pendeford" made to the priory of St Thomas, near Stafford by "Johannes dominus de Pendeford…" by charter dated to [1277/78], witnessed by "…Persevallo de Somery fratre meo…"[1256]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 24.  STUTEVILLE (ESTOUTEVILLE)

 

 

This family has been studied by Gabriel de la Morandière[1257].  He appears to clarify adequately the relationship between the Estouteville family in Normandy and the Stuteville family in England.  However, his account of the descent of the various branches of the English Stuteville family is confused and contradictory.  As will be seen below, it has not yet been possible to reconstruct this family completely on the basis of the primary sources which have so far been consulted during the preparation of the present document. 

 

 

ROBERT [III] de Stuteville, son of ROBERT [II] d´Estouteville & his [second] wife Erneburg --- (-1183).  "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona", for the souls of "Roberti de Stutevilla avi mei et Roberti patris mei et Erneburgæ matris meæ et Helewisæ uxoris meæ", with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et aliorum filiorum meorum", by undated charter witnessed by "…Johanne de Stutevilla, Nicholao de Stutevilla, Rogero de Stutevilla, Bartholomæo de Stutevilla…"[1258].  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire, records that "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham" donated a mill "super ripam de Hullo, in territorio de Cotyngham" to the abbey[1259].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Robertus de Stoteville" held eight knights´ fees from "Rogeri de Munbray" in Yorkshire[1260].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Osmundus de Stuteville" held two parts of one knight´s fee from "Robertus de Stuteville" in Yorkshire[1261].  A charter of King John dated 3 Feb 1200 confirmed donations to Keldholm Priory, Yorkshire, including those made by “Roberti de Stutevill, et concessione Willielmi de Stutevill hæredis sui[1262].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Stoteville cviii s iv d" in Yorkshire in [1167/68][1263].  "Roberto de Stutevilla, Willelmo de Stutevilla" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property "in manerio de Hinton" of "Roberto de Basoges" granted to him by "comes Conanus"[1264].  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Robertus de Stoteville viii l, de novo ii s vi d" in Yorkshire in [1171/72][1265].  "…Roberto de Stut[evilla]…" subscribed the charter dated [1172/78] under which Henry II King of England granted concessions to the lepers at Mont-aux-Malades[1266]

m HELWISE, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona", for the souls of "Roberti de Stutevilla avi mei et Roberti patris mei et Erneburgæ matris meæ et Helewisæ uxoris meæ"[1267]

Robert [III] & his wife had seven children: 

1.         WILLIAM de Stuteville .  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[1268].  "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona", with the consent of "Willelmi filii mei et aliorum filiorum meorum", by undated charter witnessed by "…Johanne de Stutevilla, Nicholao de Stutevilla, Rogero de Stutevilla, Bartholomæo de Stutevilla…"[1269].  A charter of King John dated 3 Feb 1200 confirmed donations to Keldholm Priory, Yorkshire, including those made by “Roberti de Stutevill, et concessione Willielmi de Stutevill hæredis sui[1270]

2.         NICHOLAS de Stuteville (-after 1176).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[1271]

-        see below

3.         OSMUND de Stuteville (-Jaffa [1192]).  Domesday Descendants names Osmund as son of Robert [III] de Stuteville[1272].  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Osmundus de Stuteville" held two parts of one knight´s fee from "Robertus de Stuteville" in Yorkshire[1273].  “Osmundus de Stutevile…homines mei de honore de Gressinghale” confirmed donations to the church of “sanctæ Mariæ de Acra”, with the consent of “Ysabel uxoris meæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Rogero fratre dominæ…[1274]m as her second husband, ISABEL, widow of BERENGER de Creissi, daughter of ROGER FitzWilliam of Gressinghall, Norfolk & his wife Aline ---.  “Osmundus de Stutevile…homines mei de honore de Gressinghale” confirmed donations to the church of “sanctæ Mariæ de Acra”, with the consent of “Ysabel uxoris meæ”, by undated charter witnessed by “…Rogero fratre dominæ…[1275].  Domesday Descendants records her parentage and three marriages[1276].  She married secondly ([1192/94]) William FitzRoger of Huntingfield.  “Ysabella de Gressingehale” donated property to the church of “sanctæ Mariæ de Acra”, with the consent of “Willielmi de Hunteinfeld domini mei”, by undated charter[1277].  Osmund & his wife had one child: 

a)         WILLIAM de Stuteville .  Domesday Descendants records his parentage[1278]

4.         EUSTACE de Stuteville .  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[1279].  "Eustachio de Stuteville, Willelmo de Stuteville, Ansel de Stuteville…" subscribed the charter dated to [1177/89] under which Henry II King of England donated the forest of Lillebonne to the abbey of Valmont, for the soul of "Roberti de Stuteville"[1280]

5.         ANSELM de Stuteville (-after 1177).  Henry II King of England confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Valmont, including donations by "Roberti de Stuteville…Leonie uxoris predicti Roberti…Willelmi de Stuteville…Nicolai de Stuteville…Ricardi de Stuteville", by charter dated to [1177/89], signed by "…Willelmo de Stutevilla…Anselmo de Stutevilla"[1281].  "Eustachio de Stuteville, Willelmo de Stuteville, Ansel de Stuteville…" subscribed the charter dated to [1177/89] under which Henry II King of England donated the forest of Lillebonne to the abbey of Valmont, for the soul of "Roberti de Stuteville"[1282]

6.         ROBERT de Stuteville .  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[1283]

7.         BURGA de Stuteville (-after 1185, bur Alnwick Abbey).  A manuscript concerning the founders of Watton priory names “Burga sorore Willielmi de Stotevill” as wife of “Willielmum”, son of “Eustachius filius Johannis”, adding that her dowry was “villam de Langetone[1284].  “Burge uxor domini Willielmi de Vesci” donated property “ecclesiam de Langatune…de maritagio meo” to Malton priory, for the souls of “domini mei Willielmi de Vesci et Eustachii filii nostri”, by undated charter[1285].  A charter of King John dated 3 Feb 1200 confirmed donations to Keldholm Priory, Yorkshire, including those made by “Willielmi de Vesci, concessu Burgiæ uxoris suæ[1286]m (before [1169/71]) WILLIAM de Vescy, son of EUSTACE FitzJohn & his first wife Beatrice de Vescy (-before Nov 1183, bur Alnwick Abbey). 

8.         HELWISE de Stuteville (-after [1226/28]).  Domesday Descendants names Helwise as the younger daughter of Robert [III] de Stuteville[1287].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  An undated manuscript relating to Cokersand Abbey, Lancashire records that “Willielmus de Lancaster secundus” married ”Helewisiam[1288].  A charter of King Henry II records that “Willielmum secundum” married “Helewisam de Stuteville” by whom he was father of “Helewisam” who married “Gilberto filio Rogeri filii Reynfredi[1289].  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Helewisa de Stutevill" holding land[1290].  m WILLIAM de Lancaster, son of WILLIAM de Lancaster & his [second] wife Gundred de Warenne ([1154/56]-1184, bur Furness Abbey). 

 

 

The connection between the following individuals and the main Estouteville/Stuteville family has not yet been ascertained: 

 

1.         ROGER de Stuteville .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rogerus de Stutewille et uxor eius, Anselmus filius eius"[1291].  "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona" by undated charter witnessed by "…Johanne de Stutevilla, Nicholao de Stutevilla, Rogero de Stutevilla, Bartholomæo de Stutevilla…"[1292]m ---.  The name of Roger´s wife is not known.  Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         ANSELM de Stuteville .  The Liber Vitæ of Durham lists (in order) "Rogerus de Stutewille et uxor eius, Anselmus filius eius"[1293]

 

2.         NICHOLAS de Stuteville .  "Nicholaus de Stutevilla" donated land "in Dregg" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "Bartholomeo de Stutevilla…"[1294].  "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona" by undated charter witnessed by "…Johanne de Stutevilla, Nicholao de Stutevilla, Rogero de Stutevilla, Bartholomæo de Stutevilla…"[1295]m ---.  The name of Nicholas´s wife is not known.  Nicholas & his wife had two children: 

a)         R[OBERT] de Stuteville .  "Gaufridus Ridel" confirmed a grant of property to "Johanni de Stutuilla" in his fee by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "…R. filius Nicolai de Stutavilla, Thomas frater suus…R. de Stutuilla, Nicolaus de Stutuilla"[1296]

b)         THOMAS de Stuteville .  "Gaufridus Ridel" confirmed a grant of property to "Johanni de Stutuilla" in his fee by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "…R. filius Nicolai de Stutavilla, Thomas frater suus…R. de Stutuilla, Nicolaus de Stutuilla"[1297]

 

3.         BARTHOLOMEW de Stuteville (-after 1200).  "Robertus de Stutevilla" confirmed donations to Rievaulx of "terram de Houetona" by undated charter witnessed by "…Johanne de Stutevilla, Nicholao de Stutevilla, Rogero de Stutevilla, Bartholomæo de Stutevilla…"[1298].  "Nicholaus de Stutevilla" donated land "in Dregg" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "Bartholomeo de Stutevilla…"[1299].  "Barth de Stutevill" paid a fine to summon "Amabl fil Willi Medici" for land "in Creshopp" in Cumberland, dated 1200[1300]

 

4.         GEOFFREY de Stuteville .  A charter of King Henry II records donations to York St Mary, including the donation of land in “insulam de Wreth” by “Gosfridus de Stutavilla[1301]

 

5.         RALPH de Stuteville (-after 1166).  Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Radulfus de Stutaville" held half of one knight´s fee from "Willelmi de Traci" in Devon[1302]

 

6.         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-after 1180).  "Willelmus de Estutevilla" donated "ecclesiam de Atuna in Clifland" to Whitby by undated charter, dated to [1180/96][1303]

 

 

NICHOLAS [I] de Stuteville, son of ROBERT de Stuteville & his wife Helwise --- (-after 1176).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Willielmum, Nicholaum, Eustachium et Robertum" as the sons of "Robertus…de Stutevylla, quondam dominus de Cotyngham", adding that all except Nicholas died childless[1304].  "Gaufridus Ridel" confirmed a grant of property to "Johanni de Stutuilla" in his fee by charter dated to [1160], witnessed by "…R. filius Nicolai de Stutavilla, Thomas frater suus…R. de Stutuilla, Nicolaus de Stutuilla"[1305].  The 1176/77 Pipe Roll names "Nicholao de Stutevill…in hundredo de Norton" in Dorset and Somerset[1306].  “Nicholaus de Stutevilla” donated property to Keldholm priory, Yorkshire by undated charter[1307]

m ---.  The name of Nicholas´s wife is not known. 

Nicholas & his wife had three children: 

1.         ROBERT de Stuteville (-before 1185, bur Meaux).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Robertum…et Nicholaum" as the two sons of "Nicholaus", adding that Robert was buried "apud nos"[1308].  [m firstly ---.  This first marriage is indicated because the Rotuli de Dominabus record Robert´s widow with only one son, although two of Robert´s sons are named in other records.  The other son was probably therefore born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage.]  m [secondly] ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Roberti de Stuteville…de parentela Edwardi de Salisburia ex parte patris et ex parte matris…de progenie Rogeri de Reimes”, her land “villam…Diham”, and adding that she has "i filium et ii filias"[1309].  Robert & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         EUSTACE de Stuteville .  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Eustachius" as the son of "Robertus", adding that he donated "unum clausum apud Hilbank" and died childless[1310]

Robert & his [second] wife had three children: 

b)         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-after 1204).  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Ricardus de Reymes" paying "c s", but "calumpniabatur quod Willelmus filius Roberti de Stuteville habet in dominico dimidium militem in Dedham", in Essex, Hertfordshire[1311].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus de Estuteville" among those granted delayed payment "per brevia" in Lincolnshire and in Yorkshire[1312].  He remained in Normandy after its capture by the French king in 1204. 

c)         two daughters .  The Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 records “uxor Roberti de Stuteville…de parentela Edwardi de Salisburia ex parte patris et ex parte matris…de progenie Rogeri de Reimes”, her land “villam…Diham”, and adding that she has "i filium et ii filias"[1313]

2.         NICHOLAS [II] de Stuteville (-after 1205)The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Robertum…et Nicholaum" as the two sons of "Nicholaus"[1314]

-        see below

3.         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-1202).  "Roberto de Stutevilla, Willelmo de Stutevilla" subscribed the charter dated 1168 under which Henry II King of England confirmed the property "in manerio de Hinton" of "Roberto de Basoges" granted to him by "comes Conanus"[1315].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1190/91], records "Willelmus de Stoteville" paying "iv l pro se, et c s pro militibus Nigelli de Munbray quos habet in custodia" in Yorkshire[1316].  Matthew Paris records the death in 1202 of "vir nobilis Willelmus de Stutevilla"[1317].  "Nichol de Stutevill" paid a fine for "terris q fuerunt Willi de Stutevill fratris sui…exceptis castello de Knareburg et Ponte Burgi q in manu dñi R" in Yorkshire, dated 1205[1318]m ---.  The name of William´s wife is not known.  William & his wife had one child: 

a)         ROBERT de Stuteville .  King John confirmed "Rob de Stutevill filio et heredi Willi de Stutevill" in all assets held by "pater suus…die que obiit" by charter dated 9 Jul 1204[1319].  King John granted "custodia Rob filii et heredis Willi de Stutevill" to "H. Cant archiepiscopo" by charter dated 9 Jul 1204[1320], showing that Robert was still a minor when his father died. 

 

 

1.         HENRY de Stuteville (-5 Apr 1232).  The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Henricus de Stoteville, xv l de feodo quod est inter ipsum et Hubertum filium Radulfi" in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire in [1186/87][1321].  Lord of Eckington co Derby, Seigneur de Valmont et de Rames.  His parentage has not yet been identified.  m (after Jul [1190/91]) as her third husband, MATHILDE, widow firstly of OSBERT de Préaux and secondly of HENRI [II] Comte d'Eu Lord of Hastings, daughter of [HAMELIN d'Anjou Earl of Surrey & his first wife ---] (-before 13 Dec 1228).  Her first and second marriages are indicated by the charter dated Mar 1233 under which [her daughter by her second marriage] "Ælicia comitissa Augi in viduitate" granted revenue from "molendino de Duno" to “in matrimonium Ælidæ filiæ Petri de Pratellis fratris mei[1322].  Her connection with the Warenne family is indicated by the undated charter under which her daughter “Haelisia comitissa Augy quondam uxor Radulfi de Ysondun comitis Augy” donated property to Roche Abbey, witnessed by “domino Willielmo comite Warennæ avunculo meo…[1323].  Because Mathilde had three children by her first husband who died in [1172], she could not have been the daughter of Hamelin by his wife Isabelle de Warenne.  There are therefore two possibilities: either she was Hamelin´s daughter by an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage or she was the daughter of Isabelle de Warenne by her first marriage.  The latter possibility is unlikely as any daughter of Guillaume de Blois Comte de Boulogne would have been Ctss de Boulogne instead of Guillaume´s sister.  In any case, the chronology would be tight for Mathilde to have been Isabelle´s daughter.  Until more information comes to light, it is supposed that Mathilde was the daughter of Hamelin by an earlier marriage.  Thomas Stapleton, in his "Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy", records that "Osbert de Préaux" donated tithes from harvest in the parish of Bois l´Evêque to the monks of Holy Trinity of Mont-de-Rouen, for his own soul “those of his parents and of the parents of his wife Matildis”, undated, and that his wife and “their sons Simon and John” granted the tythe to the monks in perpetuity, but he does not cite the source reference[1324].  The primary source which confirms her third marriage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

NICHOLAS [II] de Stuteville, son of NICHOLAS [I] de Stuteville & his wife --- (-after 1205).  The Chronicle of Meaux, in Yorkshire names "Robertum…et Nicholaum" as the two sons of "Nicholaus"[1325].  "Nichol de Stutevill" paid a fine for "terris q fuerunt Willi de Stutevill fratris sui…exceptis castello de Knareburg et Ponte Burgi q in manu dñi R" in Yorkshire, dated 1205[1326]

m IDA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by a claim dated 1219, recorded by Bracton, made by her son "Nicholaus de Stuteuilla" against "abbatem de Walemund" concerning "ecclesiam de Kyneburle" donated by "Nicholai de Stiteuilla patris ipsius Nicholai et Eidm uxoris eius"[1327]

Nicholas [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         NICHOLAS [III] de Stuteville (-after 1219)A charter of King Henry III confirmed donations to Rosedale Nunnery, Yorkshire by “Nicholaus de Stutevill…Roberti de Stutevill filii ipsius Nicholai[1328].  "Gillebertus de Gant" confirmed the donation of land at Barton on Humber to Rufford monastery, Nottinghamshire, for the souls of "patris mei Roberti de Gant et matris mee Gunwar de Gant", by charter dated to the late 12th century, witnessed by "Nicolao de Stuteville…"[1329].  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Nicholaus de Stuteville" holding six knights´ fees "de Cotingham" in Yorkshire, and property in Cumberland, in [1210/12][1330].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Nicholaus de Stutevill" held land in Cumberland which "comes Ranulfus Cestrie" had granted to "Turgisio Brundos, antecessori predicti Nicholai"[1331].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1219, by "Nicholaus de Stuteuilla" against "abbatem de Walemund" concerning "ecclesiam de Kyneburle" donated by "Nicholai de Stiteuilla patris ipsius Nicholai et Eidm uxoris eius"[1332]m (after 1191) as her second husband, GUNNORA de Albini Brito, widow of ROBERT de Gand, daughter of RALPH de Albini Brito & his wife Sibylla de Valoignes.  Domesday Descendants names Gunnora, wife first of Robert de Gant and secondly of Nicholas de Stuteville, as the youngest of the three daughters of Ralph de Albini Brito and his wife[1333].  Nicholas [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)         NICHOLAS [IV] Stuteville of Brincklow (-Priory of St Andrew [8 Sep/18 Oct] 1233).  The Close Rolls dated [1209] name "Nicholao de Stuteville" as "nepoti Hug de Gurnai" and names "Nicholaus pater eius"[1334].  "Nicholas de Stuteville" paid a fine for his ransom, "Robert de Stuteville and Walter of Sowerby have mainpermed for this fine", dated to [1217/18][1335].  Henry III King of England issued an order relating to property of "S. comitem Wintonie…Rogerum de Quenci filium et heredem ipsius comitis" at "Lidel", which "Nicholaus de Stutevill" had assigned to "Eustachio filio Roberti de Stutevill fratris sui" and which after his death was given to "predicto S. comiti Wintonie", dated [Jul] 1220[1336]m DEVORGUILLA of Galloway, daughter of ROLAND Lord of Galloway & his wife Helen de Morville (-after 1241).  Nicholas [IV] & his wife had two children: 

i)          JOAN de Stuteville (-before 6 Apr 1276).  King Henry III pardoned "Hugoni Wac" for marrying "filiam Nicholai de Stutevill" without royal licence, dated 1229[1337].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234/35, by "Eustachius de Estutevilla", claiming that "Nicholaus de Estutevilla avunculus suus" relinquished "manerio de Cotingeham", while "Hugo Wack et Willelmus de Mastak" claimed seisin of the manor through "uxorum suarum filiarum heredum predicti Nicholai"[1338].  The Testa de Nevill lists fees in Leicester, dated 1247, which include "De terris Normannorum, dicunt quod Hugo le Bigod tenet Wyrithele nomine Johanne uxoris sue que fuit uxor Hugonis Wake..."[1339].  The Chronicle of Lanercost records in 1255 a dispute involving "Hugonem de Bigod, fratrem Rogeri comitis Marescalli, pro uxore sua filia et herede dominorum  de Stuteville"[1340].  A writ dated 6 Apr "4 Edw I", after the death of "Joan de Stutevill" names "Sir Baldwin de Wake her son is her next heir and of full age", and also refers to events "after the death of Hugh le Bigot sometime her husband"[1341]m firstly (before 29 May 1229) HUGH Wake, son of BALDWIN Wake & his wife Isabel Briwere (-on crusade before 18 Dec 1241).  m secondly HUGH Bigod Chief Justiciar of England, son of HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Maud Marshal of Pembroke (-before 7 May 1266). 

ii)         MARGARET de Stuteville (-before 13 Nov 1235).  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234/35, by "Eustachius de Estutevilla", claiming that "Nicholaus de Estutevilla avunculus suus" relinquished "manerio de Cotingeham", while "Hugo Wack et Willelmus de Mastak" claimed seisin of the manor through "uxorum suarum filiarum heredum predicti Nicholai"[1342]m WILLIAM de Mastac, son of ---. 

b)         ROBERT de Stuteville (-after 1217).  The Red Book of the Exchequer records "Robertus filius Nicholai de Suteville" holding one knight´s fee "de Mideltone" in Yorkshire, and "Robertus de Stuteville" holding property in Cumberland, in [1210/12][1343].  A charter of King Henry III confirmed donations to Rosedale Nunnery, Yorkshire by “Nicholaus de Stutevill…Roberti de Stutevill filii ipsius Nicholai[1344].  The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated 1212 which records that "Robertus de Stutevill" held "villam de Thorpennoi de domino rege" in Cumberland which was "de baronia Alicie de Rumill" and that "Reginaldus de Lucy" had held the land "cum sorore predicte Alicie" and refused homage to "Philippi de Valoines, antecessoris predicti Roberti et uxoris sue"[1345].  "Nicholas de Stuteville" paid a fine for his ransom, "Robert de Stuteville and Walter of Sowerby have mainpermed for this fine", dated to [1217/18][1346]m ---.  The name of Robert´s wife is not known.  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)          EUSTACE de Stuteville (-1241).  Henry III King of England issued an order relating to property of "S. comitem Wintonie…Rogerum de Quenci filium et heredem ipsius comitis" at "Lidel", which "Nicholaus de Stutevill" had assigned to "Eustachio filio Roberti de Stutevill fratris sui" and which after his death would be given to "predicto S. comiti Wintonie", dated [Jul] 1220[1347].  A charter of King Henry III confirmed donations to Rosedale Nunnery, Yorkshire by “Eustachius de Stutevilla filius Roberti de Stutavilla[1348].  Bracton records a claim, dated 1234/35, by "Eustachius de Estutevilla", claiming that "Nicholaus de Estutevilla avunculus suus" relinquished "manerio de Cotingeham", while "Hugo Wack et Willelmus de Mastak" claimed seisin of the manor through "uxorum suarum filiarum heredum predicti Nicholai"[1349].  Matthew Paris names "…Eustachius de Stutewilla, cui successit in hæreditatem uxor Hugonis Wac…" among those who died in 1241[1350]

 

 

1.         ALICE, (-after 1219).  The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated 1219, which includes "Alicia de Stuteville" holding land in Northumberland[1351].  

 

2.         ROBERT de Stuteville m SIBYLLA de Valoignes, daughter of PHILIP de Valoignes & his wife ---.  “Philippus de Valoniis” granted “villam de Torpenhon in maritagium” to “Roberto de Stutevill et Sibille filie mee” by undated charter[1352]

 

3.         WILLIAM de Stuteville (-1245).  Matthew of Paris names "Willelmi de Stuteville, Nicholai de Stuteville, Eustachii de Stuteville" among those who died in 1245[1353]

 

4.         NICHOLAS [V] de Stuteville (-1245).  Matthew of Paris names "Willelmi de Stuteville, Nicholai de Stuteville, Eustachii de Stuteville" among those who died in 1245[1354]

 

5.         EUSTACE de Stuteville (-1245).  Matthew of Paris names "Willelmi de Stuteville, Nicholai de Stuteville, Eustachii de Stuteville" among those who died in 1245[1355]

 

 

1.         WILLIAM de Stuteville of Gressenhall, Elsing, East Lexham, Weasenham and Cowesby, Norfolk (-before 20 May 1259).  "William de Stuteville" paid a fine to marry "Margaret who was the wife of Robert de Mortimer", dated to [Nov] 1219[1356].  Inquisitions dated 20 May 1259 record that "William de Scoteville" held the manors of Wychbold and Cotheridge in Worcestershire from "Margery his wife" and name "Sir Hugh de Mortuo Mari son of the said Margery" as her next heir and of full age[1357]m (Royal licence 23 Nov 1219) as her third husband, MARGERY de Say, widow firstly of HUGH de Ferrers of Lechlade and secondly of ROBERT de Mortimer, daughter of HUGH [II] de Say of Richard's Castle & his wife Mabel --- ([1190/96]-1230).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.   Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166 (but added later), record that "Robertus de Mortuo mari" held 23 knights´ fees "in honore Castelli Ricardi" with "filia Hugonis de Say hærede Osberti filii Hugonis" in Herefordshire[1358].  Henry III King of England consented to the marriage of "Margaretam que fuit uxor Roberti de Mortuo Mari" and "Willelmus de Stutevill" dated 23 Nov 1219[1359].  "William de Stuteville" paid a fine to marry "Margaret who was the wife of Robert de Mortimer", dated to [Nov] 1219[1360].  The Annals of Worcester record the death in 1230 of “Margerie de Say[1361].  Inquisitions dated 20 May 1259 record that "William de Scoteville" held the manors of Wychbold and Cotheridge in Worcestershire from "Margery his wife" and name "Sir Hugh de Mortuo Mari son of the said Margery" as her next heir and of full age[1362].  William & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROBERT de Stuteville (-before 1275).  By writ of certiorari dated 20 Aug "3 Edw I", following the death of "Robert de Stutevill", "Jordan Folyot" complained that the escheator had ejected him from the lands of “the said Robert his uncle deceased whose heir he is[1363]

b)         MARGERY de Stuteville .  Her parentage and marriage are shown in the Complete Peerage[1364]m RICHARD [V] Foliot of Norton, Fenton, Grimston and Wello, Nottinghamshire, son of JORDAN [III] Foliot & his wife --- (-Mar 1299). 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 25.  SUDELEY

 

 

JOHN de Sudeley, son of HAROLD de Ewias & his wife --- (-before 1166).  "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[1365].  Lord of Sudely Castle and Toddington, Gloucestershire.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Johs de Sulleia" accounting for his (unnamed) wife´s property in Gloucestershire[1366]

m (before 1130) ---.  The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Johs de Sulleia" accounting for his (unnamed) wife´s property in Gloucestershire[1367].  The primary source which confirms the name and parentage of the wife of John de Sudeley has not been identified.  Indeed, it is not even certain that his two sons were born from the same marriage: their adoption of the different names Sudeley/Tracy may indicate different mothers.  Secondary sources commonly show John´s wife as Grace de Tracy, daughter of William de Tracy, an illegitimate son of Henry I King of England.  This appears to be the assumption of many writers, for example the Complete Peerage[1368].  Frank Barlow comments that "William [de Tracy], the second son of John de Sudeley…chose to take his name from the family of his mother, Grace daughter and heir of William (I) de Tracy, lord of Bradninch in Devon and illegitimate son of King Henry I"[1369].  However, I have not yet found any writer who provides a precise primary source citation which can be followed up to confirm this marriage.  Her existence has been doubted by Professor Nicholas Vincent, who states that he could "find no reliable evidence to suggest that the royal bastard fathered a daughter named" Grace and suggests that Grace "seems to have been invented, perhaps in comparatively recent times, to explain certain irregularities in the Sudeley descent, and to justify the claims of the Hanbury-Tracy family of Toddington in Gloucestershire to be descended both from the blood royal of Henry I and from William de Tracy, the murderer of Thomas Becket"[1370].  Until more information comes to light, it appears safer to note John de Sudeley´s wife as unknown. 

John & his wife had two children: 

1.         RALPH [I] de Sudeley (-before 29 Sep 1192).  "Radulphus de Suthleie" donated "Thanewordam villam meam" {Yaneworthe} to Gloucester St Peter, the same place also being donated by separate charter by "Rainaldus de Chockes", by undated charter[1371].  "Willelmus de Traceio" confirmed the donation of "Thanewordam villam meam" {Yaneworthe} to Gloucester St Peter made by "Radulfus de Suthleia frater meus", and with the consent of "Radulfo fratre meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Henricus de Traceio…"[1372].  "Radulphus de Sudlla" donated property to Winchecombe, donated by "[pater] meus Iohannes de Sudleia", for the souls of "…Emme uxoris mee", by undated charter which names "Otueli filii et heredis mei et Radulphi filii mei"[1373].  “Radulphus de Sudle” donated the churches of Dercet and Chilverdescote to Erdbury, for the souls of "Emmæ uxoris meæ et Hotveli filii mei", by undated charter, witnessed by "…Will de Traci, Ricardo de Sudle…"[1374]m EMMA, daughter of --- (-after 1192, bur Winchecombe Abbey).  "Radulphus de Sudlla" donated property to Winchecombe, donated by "[pater] meus Iohannes de Sudleia", for the souls of "…Emme uxoris mee", by undated charter which names "Otueli filii et heredis mei et Radulphi filii mei"[1375].  “Radulphus de Sudle” donated the churches of Dercet and Chilverdescote to Erdbury, for the souls of "Emmæ uxoris meæ et Hotveli filii mei", by undated charter[1376].  According to Dugdale[1377], she was Emma de Beauchamp, daughter of William de Beauchamp of Elmley & his wife Bertha de Briouse, but the primary source on which this information is based has not been traced.  The name of her son Otuel suggests a family relationship with Ottiwell [Otuel], illegitimate son of Hugh Earl of Chester (see the document ENGLAND; EARLS CREATED 1067-1122).  Another possibility is that the wife of Ralph [I] de Sudely was --- de Stafford, daughter of Nicholas de Stafford & his wife Matilda ---.  This hypothesis depends exclusively on two charters dated to the end 12th century under which "Radulfus de Suleya filius Radulfi de Suleya" confirmed land in Theddlethorpe, Lincolnshire to "Matildi de Hambi" granted to her by "Matildis de Staforda avia sua", and land given to her in the same place by "Haraldus frater eius", the second charter clarifying "Radulfus de Suleya…Matildis de Estafford avia mea"[1378].  No other record has yet been found of a "Suleya/Suleye" family.  It is uncertain which English surname is represented by the Latin "Suleya".  However, it is similar to "Sudeley" and one possibility is that "Radulfus de Suleya" senior was the same person as Ralph [I] de Sudeley, both persons being recorded with a son named Ralph.  The chronology appears favourable for this co-identity, but its likelihood depends on establishing a connection between the Sudeley family and Theddlethorpe.  No such connection has yet been identified.  Ralph [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         OTUEL de Sudeley (-1198, bur Winchecombe).  "Radulphus de Sudlla" donated property to Winchecombe, donated by "[pater] meus Iohannes de Sudleia", for the souls of "…Emme uxoris mee", by undated charter which names "Otueli filii et heredis mei et Radulphi filii mei"[1379].  “Radulphus de Sudle” donated the churches of Dercet and Chilverdescote to Erdbury, for the souls of "Emmæ uxoris meæ et Hotveli filii mei", by undated charter[1380].  The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], names "Otuel de Sudlega" paying "lx s, iii milites" in Gloucestershire[1381]m MARGARET, daughter of ---.  Margaret wife of Otuel de Sudeley is named in a charter of Winchecombe abbey[1382]

b)         RALPH [II] de Sudeley (-before 26 Feb 1222).  "Radulphus de Sudlla" donated property to Winchecombe, donated by "[pater] meus Iohannes de Sudleia", for the souls of "…Emme uxoris mee", by undated charter which names "Otueli filii et heredis mei et Radulphi filii mei"[1383].  "Ralph son and heir of Ralph de Sudeley" made a fine for "his relief of the lands formerly of Ralph his father" in Gloucestershire, dated 26 Feb 1222[1384]m ISABELLA, daughter of --- (-after 1242).  A fine dated 1242 names "Imenie que fuit ux Radi de Suthleg" and "Isabella que fuit ux Radi de Suthleg patris pdci Radi"[1385].  Isabella´s family origin is not known.  Several so-called "genealogy" websites published on the internet call her "Isabella de Stafford".  This speculation presumably finds its origin in the charters relating to Theddlethorpe, Lincolnshire which are quoted above in relation to the possible origin of the wife of Ralph [I] de Sudeley.  As discussed further above, it is not certain that the name "Suleya" in those documents is the same as "Sudeley".  In any case, the daughter of Nicholas de Stafford who married "Radulfus de Suleya" was the wife of the older person of that name in those documents who, the chronology suggests, would be identified with Ralph [I] de Sudeley if the names "Suleya" and Sudeley were in fact the same. 

-        LORDS SUDELEY[1386]

2.         WILLIAM de Tracy of Toddington, Gloucestershire (-after [1192]).  "Willelmus de Traceio" confirmed the donation of "Thanewordam villam meam" {Yaneworthe} to Gloucester St Peter made by "Radulfus de Suthleia frater meus", and with the consent of "Radulfo fratre meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Henricus de Traceio…"[1387]

-        TRACY

 

 



[1] Le Prévost, A. (1840) Orderici Vitalis Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ (Paris) ("Orderic Vitalis (Prévost)"), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 428. 

[2] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber IV, p. 220. 

[3] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, pp. 427-8. 

[4] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 431. 

[5] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 432. 

[6] Williams, A. & Martin, G. H. (eds.) (2003) Domesday Book, a complete translation (Penguin Classics) ("Domesday Translation"), Shropshire, III, pp. 703-5. 

[7] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 433. 

[8] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[9] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 433. 

[10] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[11] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[12] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 429. 

[13] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[14] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[15] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[16] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[17] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[18] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[19] Hunter, J. (ed.) (1833) Magnum rotulum scaccarii vel magnum rotulum pipæ de anno 31 regni Henrici primi (London) ("Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30)"), Bedfordshire, p. 104. 

[20] Eyton, R. W. (1859) Antiquities of Shropshire (London), Vol. IX, p. 161. 

[21] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 163, quoting Haughmond Chartulary, Tit. Cutteston juxta Hales. 

[22] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[23] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[24] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 434. 

[25] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. III, Liber VII, XIII, p. 221. 

[26] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 429. 

[27] Orderic Vitalis (Prévost), Vol. II, Liber V, XVI, p. 431. 

[28] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 161. 

[29] Eyton, R. W. (ed.) ´The Staffordshire Chartulary`, Wm Salt Archæological Society (ed.) (1881) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, Vol. II (Birmingham), Series II, no. IV, p. 204. 

[30] Dugdale Monasticon V, Combermere Abbey, Cheshire, III, p. 324. 

[31] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, p. 163, quoting Haughmond Chartulary, Tit. Cutteston juxta Hales. 

[32] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XXV (1904) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 22nd year of King Henry II (London) ("Pipe Roll 22 Hen II (1175/76)"), p. 112. 

[33] Harwood, T. (1844) A Survey of Staffordshire by Sampson Erdeswick Esq (London) ("Erdeswick"), p. 493 footnote b. 

[34] Eyton, R. W. (1858) Antiquities of Shropshire (London), Vol. VI, p. 364, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 297. 

[35] Owen, H. & Blakeway, J. B. (1825) A History of Shrewsbury, Vol. II (London), p. 418. 

[36] Eyton ´The Staffordshire Chartulary` (1881), Vol. II, Series II, no. XXIX, p. 270. 

[37] Eyton (1859), Vol. IX, pp. 164-6. 

[38] Eyton, R. W. (1858) Antiquities of Shropshire (London), Vol. VII, p. 18, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 291. 

[39] Stevenson, J. (1875) Radulphi de Coggeshall Chronicon Anglicanum (London), The Legend of Fulk Fitz Warin, p. 362. 

[40] Eyton, R. W. (1858) Antiquities of Shropshire (London), Vol. VI, p. 364, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 297. 

[41] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 18, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 291. 

[42] Eyton (1858), Vol. VII, p. 18, citing Salop Chartulary, no. 291. 

[43] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1835) Rotuli Litterarum Patentium in Turri Londinensi asservati, Vol. I, Pars 1 (London) ("Rotuli Litterarum Patentium"), 5 John, p. 35. 

[44] Owen & Blakeway (1825), Vol. II, p. 418. 

[45] Owen & Blakeway (1825), Vol. II, p. 418. 

[46] Dugdale Monasticon V, Combermere Abbey, Cheshire, III, p. 324. 

[47] Erdeswick, p. 493 footnote b. 

[48] Erdeswick, p. 493 footnote b. 

[49] Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (2002) Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166. II. Pipe Rolls to Cartæ Baronum (Boydell) (“Domesday Descendants”), p. 1059. 

[50] Dugdale Monasticon V, Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire, II, p. 662. 

[51] Domesday Descendants, p. 1059. 

[52] Erdeswick, p. 493 footnote b. 

[53] Domesday Descendants, p. 1059. 

[54] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire, III, p. 222. 

[55] Round, J. H. (ed.) (1899) Calendar of Documents preserved in France illustrative of the history of Great Britain and Ireland Vol I 918-1206 (London) 597, p. 209. 

[56] Domesday Descendants, p. 1059. 

[57] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire, III, p. 222. 

[58] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[59] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[60] Domesday Descendants, p. 482, citing Curia Regis Rolls, Vol. II, p. 347. 

[61] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 15 John, p. 500. 

[62] Dugdale Monasticon IV, Langley Nunnery, Leicestershire, IV, p. 222. 

[63] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 15 John, p. 511. 

[64] Bracton´s Note Book, Vol. III, 1580, p. 458. 

[65] CP XI 296 footnote b. 

[66] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[67] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[68] Round (1899) 597, p. 209. 

[69] Ellis, A. S. ´On the Landholders of Gloucestershire named in Domesday Book´, Maclean, Sir J. (ed.) Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archæological Society (Bristol, 1879-80), Vol. IV, p. 148. 

[70] Extrait de la Chronique de Normandie, RHGF XIII, p. 237. 

[71] Ellis ´Landholders of Gloucestershire´, p. 150. 

[72] Ellis ´Landholders of Gloucestershire´, p. 150. 

[73] Domesday Descendants, p. 1057. 

[74] Monstier, A. de (1663) Neustria Pia, seu de omnibus et singulis abbatiis et prioratibus totius Normanniæ (Rouen) ("Neustria Pia"), p. 821. 

[75] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[76] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[77] Hall, H. (ed.) (1897) Red Book of the Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 627. 

[78] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[79] Stapleton, T. (1840) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ sub Regibus Angliæ (London) ("Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ"), Vol. I, p. cxxi. 

[80] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[81] Hall, H. (ed.) (1896) The Red Book of the Exchequer (Liber rubeus de Scaccario) (London) ("Red Book Exchequer"), Part II, Inquisitiones…Regis Johannis…anno regno XII et XIII…de servitiis militum, pp. 491 and 517. 

[82] Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniæ, Vol. I, p. cxxi. 

[83] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[84] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCII, p. 204. 

[85] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[86] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[87] Ellis ´Landholders of Gloucestershire´, p. 150. 

[88] Domesday Descendants, p. 1055. 

[89] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Staffordshire, p. 73. 

[90] Ellis ´Landholders of Gloucestershire´, p. 148. 

[91] Extrait de la Chronique de Normandie, RHGF XIII, p. 237. 

[92] Domesday Translation, Somerset, XXVII, p. 267, Yorkshire, XVII, pp. 840-1. 

[93] CP VIII 284. 

[94] CP X 319. 

[95] Dugdale Monasticon III, York St Mary, V, p. 548. 

[96] Davis, H. W. C. (ed.) (1913) Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum (Oxford), Vol. I, 477, p. 115. 

[97] CP VIII 284, footnote d. 

[98] CP VIII 284, footnote d. 

[99] CP VIII 284, footnote d. 

[100] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Yorkshire, Northumberland, p. 29. 

[101] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Drax Priory, Yorkshire, I, p. 195. 

[102] Berger, E. (ed.) (1916) Recueil des actes de Henri II roi d´Angleterre et duc de Normandie (Paris) ("Actes Henri II"), Tome I, III, p. 7. 

[103] Domesday Descendants, p. 674. 

[104] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire V, p. 878.   

[105] Farrer, W. (ed.) (1916) Early Yorkshire Charters (Edinburgh), Vol. III, 1864, p. 473. 

[106] Dugdale Monasticon VI.2, Croxton Abbey, Leicestershire V, p. 878.   

[107] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. III,  1864, p. 473. 

[108] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. II, 1214, p. 488. 

[109] Early Yorkshire Charters Vol. III,  1768, p. 391. 

[110] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Drax Priory, Yorkshire, V, p. 196. 

[111] Dugdale Monasticon V, Vaudey Abbey, Lincolnshire III, p. 490.   

[112] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Yorkshire, Northumberland, p. 29. 

[113] CP VIII 284. 

[114] Johnson, C. & Cronne, H. A. (ed.) (1968) Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (Oxford), Vol. III, 119, p. 44. 

[115] Domesday Descendants, pp. 985 and 1057. 

[116] Regesta Regem Anglo-Normannorum (1968), Vol. III, 119, p. 44. 

[117] Maitland, F. W. (ed.) (1887) Bracton´s Note Book, a Collection of Cases…annotated…by Henry of Bratton (London) ("Bracton´s Note Book"), Vol. II, 97, p. 86. 

[118] CP VIII 284. 

[119] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. II, 1018, p. 341. 

[120] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. II, 1019, p. 342. 

[121] Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. II, 1022, p. 344. 

[122] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 29. 

[123] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 53. 

[124] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 77. 

[125] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 87. 

[126] Bracton´s Note Book, Vol. II, 97, p. 86. 

[127] Domesday Descendants, p. 1058. 

[128] Domesday Descendants, p. 1058. 

[129] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/9, 2 Hen III, 72, translation available at Henry III Fine Rolls Project <www.finerollshenry3.org.uk/content/calendar/calendar.htm> (14 Nov 2011)

[130] Public Record Office (1920) Liber Feodum, The Book of Fees commonly called Testa de Nevill (London) ("Testa de Nevill"), Part I, p. 248. 

[131] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 249. 

[132] Bracton´s Note Book, Vol. II, 97, p. 86. 

[133] Public Record Office (1920) Liber Feodum, The Book of Fees commonly called Testa de Nevill (London) ("Testa de Nevill"), Part I, p. 248. 

[134] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1835) Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus in Turri Londinensi asservati tempore Regis Johannis (London) ("Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus"), 6 John, p. 247. 

[135] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 6 John, p. 247. 

[136] Stenton, D. M. (ed.) (1928) The Great Roll of the Pipe for the 6th year of King Richard I, Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XLIII (New Series, Vol. V) (London), Yorkshire, p. 150. 

[137] Neustria Pia, p. 821. 

[138] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Drax Priory, Yorkshire, II, p. 196. 

[139] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCII, p. 204. 

[140] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 77. 

[141] Neustria Pia, p. 822. 

[142] CP IV 317, table "The Heirs of Richard fitz Baldwin". 

[143] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[144] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[145] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[146] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[147] Duffus Hardy, T. (ed.) (1837) Rotuli Chartarum in Turri Londinensi, Vol. I, Part I 1199-1216 (London) ("Rotuli Chartarum"), 16 John, p. 207. 

[148] Delisle (1867), p. 35, citing Cartulaire de Hambie, n. 170. 

[149] Ex Chronico Savigniacensis Monasterii, RHGF XVIII, p. 351. 

[150] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, Tome II, 2129, p. 202. 

[151] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 207. 

[152] Saige, G. (ed.) (1895) Cartulaire de la seigneurie de Fontenay le Marmion (Monaco) ("Fontenay le Marmion"), Introduction, p. xxx footnote 3, quoting Archives nationales, X ic 43.  

[153] Rotuli Chartarum, 16 John, p. 207. 

[154] Delisle, L. (1867) Histoire du château et des sires de Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte (Valogne), p. 39, citing Delisle, L. (1864) Recueil des jugements de l´échiquier de Normandie, p. 35, n. 137. 

[155] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 9 John, p. 437. 

[156] Domesday Descendants, p. 1056. 

[157] Domesday Descendants, p. 1056. 

[158] Ellis ´Landholders of Gloucestershire´, p. 150. 

[159] Domesday Descendants, p. 1055. 

[160] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Staffordshire, p. 73. 

[161] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[162] Domesday Descendants, p. 1055, citing Sanders, I. J. (1960) English Baronies: A Study of their Origins and Descent 1086-1327 (Oxford), p. 113 (not yet consulted). 

[163] Ellis ´Landholders of Gloucestershire´, p. 150. 

[164] Grazebrook, H. S. ´The Barons of Dudley`, Wm Salt Archæological Society (ed.) (1888) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, Vol. IX, Part 2 (Birmingham), p. 8. 

[165] Round, J. H. (ed.) (1888) Ancient Charters Royal and Private prior to A.D. 1200 (London) ("Ancient Charters (Round)"), Part I, 26, p. 43. 

[166] Actes Henri II, Tome I, III, p. 7. 

[167] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[168] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dudley Priory, II, p. 83. 

[169] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 269. 

[170] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 42. 

[171] Red Book Exchequer, Part II, Infeudationes militum…duci Normanniæ…1172, p. 639. 

[172] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[173] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 71. 

[174] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[175] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, pp. 84 and 90. 

[176] Delisle, L. (ed.) (1872) Chronique de Robert de Torigni, abbé de Mont-Saint-Michel (Rouen) Tome I, 1153, p. 274. 

[177] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, II, p. 203. 

[178] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dudley Priory, II, p. 83. 

[179] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[180] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dudley Priory, II, p. 83. 

[181] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[182] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, VI, p. 204. 

[183] Maclean, J. (ed.) (1883) The Lives of the Berkeleys by John Smyth (Gloucester) ("Berkeleys Lives"), Vol. I, p. 46. 

[184] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, V, p. 204. 

[185] CP XII.1 111, footnote e quoting Dugdale Warwickshire, p. 608, P.R.O. Assize Roll 1174. 

[186] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Gysburn Priory, Yorkshire, IV, Nomina Antecessorum de Carleton de Familia de Brus, p. 268. 

[187] Dugdale Monasticon III, Middlesburgh Priory, Yorkshire, III, p. 632.   

[188] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Gysburn Priory, Yorkshire, I, p. 267. 

[189] Hunter, J. (ed.) (1844) The Great Rolls of the Pipe for the second, third and fourth years of the reign of King Henry II 1155-1158 (London) ("Pipe Roll")  2 Hen II (1155), "Everwichscira", p. 27. 

[190] Early Yorkshire Charters II, 673, p. 30. 

[191] Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Vol. IV (1837), Ex Calendario…Prioratui de Gisburna, p. 262. 

[192] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[193] Domesday Descendants, p. 1058. 

[194] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 4. 

[195] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[196] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[197] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, p. 4. 

[198] Commissioners on Public Records (1833) Rotulus Cancellarii vel Antigraphum Magni Rotuli Pipæ (3 John) (London) ("Rotulus Cancellarii"), 3 John, p. 17. 

[199] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[200] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, IV, p. 204. 

[201] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[202] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[203] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, VII, p. 204. 

[204] Bracton´s Note Book, Vol. II, 796, p. 611. 

[205] Maxwell Lyte, H. C. (ed.) (1904) Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III (London), 139, p. 33. 

[206] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/27, 12 Hen III, 92. 

[207] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 24. 

[208] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 36. 

[209] Testa de Nevill, Part I, p. 401. 

[210] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 139, p. 33. 

[211] CP V 442 footnote c. 

[212] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 17. 

[213] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 17. 

[214] Close Rolls Henry III 1227-1231 (1902), p. 24. 

[215] Fine Rolls Henry III, Roll C 60/28, 13 Hen III, 36. 

[216] Inquisitions Post Mortem, Vol. I, Henry III, 139, p. 33. 

[217] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[218] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[219] Dugdale Monasticon V, Tykford Priory, Buckinghamshire, III, p. 204. 

[220] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCLVII, p. 408. 

[221] Actes Henri II, Tome II, DCCLVII, p. 408. 

[222] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotulus V, Norffolk, p. 26, Verumdictum de Clavering, p. 41, and Rotulus X, Cantebrigesire, Alid Hundredum, p. 46. 

[223] Lancaster, W. T. (ed.) (1912) Chartulary of the Priory of Bridlington (Leeds) ("Bridlington Priory"), p. 12. 

[224] Bridlington Priory, p. 25. 

[225] Bridlington Priory, p. 12. 

[226] Bridlington Priory, p. 213. 

[227] Bridlington Priory, p. 12. 

[228] Bridlington Priory, p. 213. 

[229] Bridlington Priory, p. 25. 

[230] Bridlington Priory, p. 25. 

[231] Dugdale Monasticon VI.1, Ellesham Priory, Lincolnshire, II, p. 559. 

[232] Dimock, J. F. (ed.) (1877) Giraldi Cambrensis Opera, Vol. VII (London), Appendix B, Lincoln Cathedral Obituary, p. 162. 

[233] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, p. 84. 

[234] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus, 17/18 John, p. 580. 

[235] Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus</