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toulouse - central & western

 

  v4.0 Updated 15 November 2017

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Chapter 1.                COMTES d'ALBI 2

A.         COMTES d'ALBI 2

B.         VICOMTES d'ALBI (FAMILY of ATON) 4

C.        ALAMAN, SEIGNEURS de SAINT-SULPICE.. 10

D.        VICOMTES de BRUNIQUEL. 16

E.         SEIGNEURS de CASTRES (MONTFORT) 24

F.         VICOMTES de LAUTREC.. 30

G.        VICOMTES de SAINT-ANTONIN.. 49

H.        VICOMTES de TOULOUSE.. 52

Chapter 2.                COMTES de QUERCY. 56

A.         COMTES de QUERCY.. 56

B.         VICOMTES de CAHORS.. 58

 

 

 

The present document shows the nobility in the central and western areas of the county of Toulouse. 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES d'ALBI

 

 

A.      COMTES d'ALBI

 

 

The early history of the county of Albi is slightly less hazy than that of the county of Agde, but it is still far from clear.  Three comtes d´Albi can be identified in primary sources between the late 9th and late 10th centuries (see Part A of this chapter).  It is possible that the second of these, Comte Raymond, was the same person as Raymond II Comte de Toulouse but no primary source has so far been found which confirms that this co-identity is correct.  The references to Pons Comte d´Albi in 987 are intriguing.  Pons is of course a name associated during the 10th and 11th centuries with the family of the comtes de Toulouse.  It is possible therefore that Pons Comte d´Albi was an otherwise unknown son of either Raymond Pons Comte de Toulouse or his son Comte Raymond III.  The absence of earlier references to Comte Pons suggests that Comte Raymond III was more likely to have been his father.  It is probable that Comte Pons died without direct heirs as the county of Albi had certainly reverted to the comtes de Toulouse by the early 11th century.  This is confirmed by the charter dated to [1006] which records the council of the archiepiscopal provinces of Narbonne and Auch held at Toulouse by "Raimundus episcopus Tolosanus et Guillelmus comes Albiensium ac Caturcensium et Tolosanorum"[1], referring to Guillaume III "Taillefer" Comte de Toulouse.  After Simon de Montfort Earl of Leicester defeated the Comte de Toulouse at Castelnaudary in the early 13th century, the former adopted the titles Vicomte d'Albi, Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne and Marquis de Provence[2].  It is unsure why Albi was not treated as a county at that time, although vicomtes d´Albi had been recorded since the late 9th century as shown in Parts B and C of the presemt chapter.  The families of the vicomtes de Bruniquel, vicomtes de Lautrec, vicomtes de Saint-Antonin and vicomtes de Toulouse are also shown in this chapter because of the proximity of their castles to Albi.  It is assumed that all these vicomtes were vassals of the comtes de Toulouse, maybe in their capacity as comtes d´Albi. 

 

 

1.         ERMENGAUDComte d´Albi.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc states that Ermengaud Comte d’Albi is referred to by the chronicler Aimion[3], but this source has not yet been consultedm ---.  The name of Ermengaud's wife is not known.  Ermengaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         [GERSENDE "Oddo…comes uxorque mea Garsindis" sold property "in comitatu Lemovicino…villa…Orbaciacus" by charter dated Aug 887, with the consent of "fratre nostro Airberto" and subscribed by "Garsis comitis, Willelmi comitis…"[4]The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that the wife of Odon Comte de Toulouse was the daughter of Ermengaud Comte d’Albi, basing this on Gersende naming her second son Ermengaud[5].  Even if it is correct that Gersende was connected to the comte d´Albi, it is presumably possible that she was a more remote relation of Ermengaud than his daughter.  m ODON Comte de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND I Comte de Toulouse & his wife Berthe --- (-[918/19]).] 

 

2.         RAYMOND (-after 915)A bull of Pope John VIII dated 18 Aug 878, relating to papal authority over the monastery of Saint-Gilles, is subscribed by "Raimundus comes, Berengarius vicecomes…Emenus vicecomes, Oddo vicecomes, Ugo comes"[6].  Comte d´Albi.  A charter dated Aug 878 records an audience held by "Reymundo comite" at Albi[7]A charter dated Apr 890 records a judgment in the court of "Raimundus…comes ipsius pagi…Allidulfo suo viciscomiti" relating to a claim by "Bligardis…in comitatu Nemausensi"[8]A charter dated 23 May 898 records business in the presence of "Bernardo vices-comite…Regemundo comite…Berengario comite"[9].  "Regimundo comite" subscribed a charter dated Jul 902 recording a donation to Nîmes Notre-Dame[10].  A charter dated 18 Jul 915 records business in the presence of "Regemundo comite" and "Daruardus vicecomes Rotenensi" as judge in "Andusie…castello"[11].  It is possible that Raymond inherited Albi from his mother´s family.  In later documentation, Albi and Nîmes are recorded under the same vicomtes, and it is also possible that they were linked under the same count in the late 9th century and that Nîmes was also inherited by Raymond.  The fact that no further record is found relating to Raymond in Nîmes after 915 could be explained by his succession in Toulouse, after which Nîmes would have ceased to be one of his main centres of activity.  No other Comte Raymond has so far been identified who could be this comte de Nîmes.  "Ugo comes" who also subscribed the 878 papal bull has not yet been identified.  same person as…?  RAYMOND de Toulouse, son of ODON Comte de Toulouse & his wife Gersende --- (-[923/24).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 16 Jun 918, which records an audience at Ausonne in the diocesis of Carcassonnne held by "Aridemandus episcopus sedis Tolosæ civitatis...missus advocatus Raymundo comite Tolosæ civitatis et marchio" with the consent of "Odone comite genitore suo"[12]He succeeded his father in [918] as RAYMOND II Comte de Toulouse.  The Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis records that "Raimundum…comitem filium…Odonis" captured "nepotem domni Geraldi…Benedictum, Tolosæ…vicecomitem" and that "Geraldus…cum sorore sua Avigerna" requested his release[13].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates the event to [894/909], the earlier date being when the monastery of Aurillac was founded and the latter the date of death of Benoît´s maternal uncle[14].  If the estimated date is correct, this was before the death of Raymond´s father and therefore before his succession as comte de Toulouse.  If at that date Raymond already held the comital title in his own right, it tends to corroborate the co-identity of Raymond II Comte de Toulouse with Raymond Comte d´Albi. 

 

 

1.         PONS (-after Sep 987).  Comte d´Albi.  "Pontius comes Albiæ" donated "illum meum vicum Viancii" to the church of Albi, by charter dated 987[15]"Pontius comes" donated "illum meum vicum de Viancio" to the church of Albi, on the advice of "Isarni vicecomitis", by charter dated Sep 987[16]

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES d'ALBI (FAMILY of ATON)

 

 

The "Aton" family were also vicomtes at Nîmes from the mid-10th century (for other vicomtes at Nîmes, see Chapter 8).  Raymond Bernard "Trencavel" Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes married the ultimate heiress of the vicomtés de Béziers et d'Agde in the mid-11th century. 

 

The name "Trencavel" appears to have become hereditary in the Albi/Béziers family of Aton after the mid-11th century, comparable to "Taillefer" in the family of the Comtes d'Angoulême, but its origin is not known.  It is unlikely to be a baptismal name, although the last name-holder ("Trencavel de Béziers", who died in 1263) does not appear to be recorded with another name.  The first root-element of the word suggests a connection with the modern French "trancher", and the second with "bel", which when combined would result in a suitably war-like epithet consistent with the violence of the times. 

 

 

1.         ATON [I] (-after 898).  A charter dated Dec 898 records a hearing at Alzonne in the diocesis of Carcassonne in the presence of "Atone vicario Odone comite Tolosæ civitatis et marchio in Alsona"[17]Settipani suggests that he may have been the son of Aton, a noble in Toulouse closely related to the Vicomtes de Toulouse, who is named in 867[18]m ---.  The name of Aton's wife is not known.  Settipani suggests that she was Avigerna, sister of Géraud Seigneur d'Aurillac {Cantal} (855-909)[19]

 

 

1.         BERNARD [I] .  A charter dated 16 Jun 918 records a hearing at Alzonne in the diocesis of Carcassonne in the presence of "Bernardo…missus advocatus Raymundo comite Tolosæ civitatis et marchio" at "castro Ausona"[20]Onomastics suggest that he was closely related to Aton [I], but there is no direct proof that this is correct.  m ---.  The name of Bernard's wife is not known.  Bernard [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)         ATON [II] ([900]-after 942).  "Atto…vicecomes" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières, on the advice of "uxoris meæ", for the souls of "patris mei Bernardi et matris meæ" by charter dated Apr 942, subscribed by "Frotarius episcopus, Bernardus, Hugonis comitis, Dagberga…"[21]Vicomte d'Albi {Tarn}.  same person as…?  --- .  There appears to be no direct proof that Aton [II] was the husband of Diasfronisa, but the chronology and the common use of the names Bernard and Aton among his descendants provide two favourable indications.  m DIASFRONISA, daughter of ---.  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[22]Settipani suggests that Diasfronisa was the sister of Etienne (who died after 926) and of Frothaire Bishop of Cahors ([905/10]-990), who were sons of Matfred and his wife Aitrude[23].  [Aton [II]] & his wife had [two] children: 

i)          [SEGUIN (-after 9 Jul 972).  A charter dated 2 Jul 972 records a hearing at Nîmes by "Raymondus comes et marchio" relating to "ecclesiam Sancti Martini…in comitatu Agatense" in the presence of "…Siguinus vicecomes et Bernardus frater eius…"[24]It is not known with certainty that Bernard was the same person as Bernard [II].] 

ii)         BERNARD [II] (-[after 9 Jul 972]).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[25]Vicomte d'Albi.  Vicomte de Nîmes. 

-         see below.   

b)         BERNARD (-965).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Albi 951. 

2.         BENOIT .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte de Toulouse. 

 

 

BERNARD [II] d'Albi, son of ATON [II] Vicomte d'Albi & his wife Diasfronisa --- (-[after 9 Jul 972]).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[26]Vicomte d'Albi.  Vicomte de Nîmes.  A charter dated 9 Jun 956 records an exchange of property at Nîmes and payment "ad vicecomite Bernardo et ad vicecomitissa Gauza et ad Bernardum cuius erat feuz"[27].  The reference in this charter to his wife suggests that she may have been heiress to the vicomté de Nîmes and that her husband held the title in her name.  [A charter dated 2 Jul 972 records a hearing at Nîmes by "Raymondus comes et marchio" relating to "ecclesiam Sancti Martini…in comitatu Agatense" in the presence of "…Siguinus vicecomes et Bernardus frater eius…"[28]It is not known with certainty that Bernard was the same person as Bernard [II].] 

m (before 9 Jun 956) GAUCIANA, daughter of [--- de Roquefeuil & his wife ---].  A charter dated 9 Jun 956 records an exchange of property at Nîmes and payment "ad vicecomite Bernardo et ad vicecomitissa Gauza et ad Bernardum cuius erat feuz"[29]Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[30].  Her possible family origin is indicated by the following document: the codicil of “Henry de Roquefeuil vicomte de Creisel et baron de Roquefeuil...habitant dudit Creisel”, dated 21 Feb 1002, requested the foundation of a hospital for the poor “sur la montagne de l’Espérou” and required “Bernat son fils et héritier” to appoint a superintendant, substituting [her son] “l’évêque de Nîmes son cousin[31].  The precise interpretation of “cousin” (“consanguineus”?) is difficult to assess.  Gauciana, mother of Frothaire Bishop of Nîmes, could have been the maternal aunt of the testator or the family relationship may have been more distant. 

Bernard [II] & his wife had three children: 

1.         BERNARD (-after 9 Jul 956).  A charter dated 9 Jun 956 records an exchange of property at Nîmes and payment "ad vicecomite Bernardo et ad vicecomitissa Gauza et ad Bernardum cuius erat feuz"[32]

2.         ATON [III] (-1032).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated [1025] which records a promise made to "Atoni, fil Gauciane et Froterio fil Girbergane ... sine forza contra Athonem et Froter filium suum" by "Guillelms Coms fils d´Adadaiz, et Ramon et Aiarigs fils Garsen" relating to "lo castel de Dornian" [Dourgne][33]"Atho et uxor mea Girberga et filii nostri Bernardus et Froterius" donated property "in comitatu Albiense, in vicaria Gigidense in villa…Bota" by charter dated 18 Mar 993[34]Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  "Guillelms Coms fils d´Aladaiz et Ramon et Aiarigs fils Garsen" promised "Atoni fil Gauciane et Froterio fil Girbergane" quiet possession of "lo castel de Dornian" by charter dated to [1025], which names "Athonem et Froter filium suum"[35]"Ermengaudo…comes et marchio" granted "alodes…in comitato Orgello in apenditio de Sancto Azisclo…in villa Ortoneoves" to "Atto" by charter dated 28 Feb 1029, subscribed by "…Guillemo vicecomite…"[36].  A charter dated 18 Dec 1029 records the foundation of the monastery of Sauve by "Garsindis et filius meus Bremundus et frater eius Almeradus", for the soul of "genitoris nostri Barnardi", in the presence of "Wilelmi comitis Tholosani…Atthonis vicecomitis, et Berengarii, et fratris eius Elisiari de ipso Castro…Emenonis de Sabrano…"[37]His parentage is further confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[38]m GERBERGE, daughter of ---.  "Atho et uxor mea Girberga et filii nostri Bernardus et Froterius" donated property "in comitatu Albiense, in vicaria Gigidense in villa…Bota" by charter dated 18 Mar 993[39]Aton [III] & his wife had three children: 

a)         BERNARD [III] ATON (-after 1050).  "Atho et uxor mea Girberga et filii nostri Bernardus et Froterius" donated property "in comitatu Albiense, in vicaria Gigidense in villa…Bota" by charter dated 18 Mar 993[40]Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  "Wilelmi comitis Tholosani…Atthonis vicecomitis, et Berengarii, et fratris eius Elisiari de ipso Castro…Emenonis de Sabrano…" witnessed the charter dated 18 Dec 1029 which records the foundation of the monastery of Sauve by "Garsindis et filius meus Bremundus et frater eius Almeradus"[41]"Geraldus et frater meus Sicharius et filii Geraldi et filii Sicharii" donated their share in "castello de Causago" to "Froterio episcopo et fratri eius Bernardo et Segario fratri eorum", by charter dated Jul [1035][42]m RAINGARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Bernard [III] Aton & his wife had one child:  

i)          RAYMOND BERNARD "Trencavel" (-1074).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  "Raingardis comitissa et gener meus Raymundus et uxor eius filia mea…Ermengardis et soror eius Adalais" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 3 Jan 1062[43]Remundus Bernardi vicecomes cognomento Trencaveis et Ermengardis vicecomitissa conjux mea, filia…Rangardis comitissæ” transferred property to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii” by charter dated 26 Jun 1070[44].  "Froterius episcopus, Raimundus vicecomes nepos meus" donated property "monasterium…Castras" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 12 Jun 1073[45]m (before 3 Jan 1062) ERMENGARDE de Carcassonne, daughter of PIERRE RAYMOND Comte de Carcassonne, Vicomte de Béziers et d'Agde & his wife Rangarde --- (-after 26 Mar 1099).  "Petrus comes et uxor mea Ranguardis et filius noster Rotgerius et filiæ nostræ Garsindis, Ermengardis et Adalaicis" donated property to the church of Béziers by charter dated 3 Mar 1054[46]"Raingardis comitissa et gener meus Raymundus et uxor eius filia mea…Ermengardis et soror eius Adalais" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 3 Jan 1062[47]She succeeded her brother in 1067 as Vicomtesse de Béziers et d'Agde.  “Raymundus Bernardi vicecomes et uxor eius Ermengardis vicecomitissa” sold their part of the county of Carcassonne to “domno Raymundo Barcheonæ comiti et domnæ Adalmodi comitissæ” by charter dated 2 Mar 1067, which names “Petrus Raimundi comes…[et] Rodgarius comes de Fox…filio suo[48].  "Ermengardis comitissa…et filius meus Bernardus" donated property rights to the church of Sainte-Marie, Agde by charter dated [1074][49], presumably shortly after the death of her husband as he is not named, but this is not stated explicitly in the document.  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis" and "Ermengarda vicecomitissa et…Bernardo Atonis filio eius" settled their disputes about the county of Carcassonne by charter dated 21 Apr 1095[50]"Ermengardis visce comitissa filia Rangardis" donated property in "villa…Licairag…pro remedium animo seniore meo Raimundo" to the abbey of Conques by charter dated Nov [1097/1107], naming "filio meo Bernardo Atto"[51]"Hermengardis vice comitissa et filius meus Bernardus Atto" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse by charter dated 26 Mar 1099[52].   Raymond Bernard & his wife had two children: 

(a)       GUILLERMA (-after 26 Jun 1070, maybe after Apr [1105]).  The marriage contract of "Raymundus Bernardus vicecomes et Hermengard mulier mea…filia nostra…Guilherma" and "Petro…Ato" [Pierre Vicomte de Bruniquel] is dated 29 Oct 1069 and names "in comitatu Ruthenense…castrum…Bruscha…[et] castrum…Castro-novo…[et] castrum…Lavineira…[et] medietatem de…castro de Juliano et de…castro de Rocabruno…" as her dowry[53]Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 26 Jun 1070 under which “Remundus Bernardi vicecomes cognomento Trencaveis et Ermengardis vicecomitissa conjux mea, filia…Rangardis comitissæ” transferred property to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii” which names “Guillermus vicecomes Biterrensis…avus Petri Raymundi”, and is subscribed by “Guillerma filia Ermengardis vicecomitissæ[54].  [Her possible second marriage is suggested by the following charter: "Geraldus et uxor mea…Willelma et consanguinei mei Petrus vicecomes et Frotard" donated "ecclesiam de Cambone" to the abbey of Vabre by charter dated Apr [1105][55].  The connection with Pierre Vicomte [de Bruniquel] is best explained if the donor´s wife was same person as the dowager vicomtesse de Bruniquel.]  m [firstly] (contract 29 Oct 1069) PIERRE ATHON [I] Vicomte de Bruniquel, son of ---.  [m secondly GERAUD --- (-after Apr [1105]).] 

(b)       BERNARD ATON [IV] (-1129)"Ermengardis visce comitissa filia Rangardis" names "filio meo Bernardo Atto" in her charter dated Nov [1097/1107][56].  He succeeded his father in 1074 as Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes.  He succeeded his mother in [1099] as Vicomte de Béziers et d'Agde. 

-         VICOMTES de BEZIERS

b)         FROTHAIRE (-1077).  "Atho et uxor mea Girberga et filii nostri Bernardus et Froterius" donated property "in comitatu Albiense, in vicaria Gigidense in villa…Bota" by charter dated 18 Mar 993[57]The Chronica Nemausensis names "Froterius episcopus frater Atonis vicecomitis"[58]"Guillelms Coms fils d´Aladaiz et Ramon et Aiarigs fils Garsen" promised "Atoni fil Gauciane et Froterio fil Girbergane" quiet possession of "lo castel de Dornian" by charter dated to [1025], which names "Athonem et Froter filium suum"[59]Bishop of Nîmes 1027.  "Geraldus et frater meus Sicharius et filii Geraldi et filii Sicharii" donated their share in "castello de Causago" to "Froterio episcopo et fratri eius Bernardo et Segario fratri eorum", by charter dated Jul [1035][60]"Froterius episcopus, Raimundus vicecomes nepos meus" donated property "monasterium…Castras" to Saint-Victor, Marseille by charter dated 12 Jun 1073[61]

c)         SEGAIRE (-after Jul [1035]).  "Geraldus et frater meus Sicharius et filii Geraldi et filii Sicharii" donated their share in "castello de Causago" to "Froterio episcopo et fratri eius Bernardo et Segario fratri eorum", by charter dated Jul [1035][62]

3.         FROTHAIRE (-1014).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 20 Oct 1146 under which "Cæcilia vicecomitissa quæ fuit uxor domini Bernardi-Atonis vicecomitis Biterris et filii eorum Rotgerius, Raymundus Trinquauel et Bernardis-Atonis vicecomites Biterris, Carcassonæ, Nemausi et Albiæ" confirmed donations by "maiores nostri generis…Diasfronisa vicecomitissa et Bernardus vicecomes filius eius et Gaucia eius coniux et filii eorundem Froterius Albiensis episcopus et Ato vicecomes"[63]Bishop of Nîmes 986. 

 

 

 

C.      ALAMAN, SEIGNEURS de SAINT-SULPICE

 

 

 

DEODAT Alaman (-before 17 Jan 1235).  He is named in the 17 Jan 1234 agreement concerning his succession (see below). 

m FINES, daughter of --- (-after 29 May 1246).  A charter dated 17 Jan 1234 (O.S.) records an agreement between Sicardum Alamanni et Deodatum fratrem eius” concerning “hereditate paterna...pater eorum Deodatus”, naming “Guilhelmo Atoni fratri eorum quondam...Finam eorum matris[64].  “Na Fines maire d’en Sycart Alaman” granted privileges to “al castel de Pueg Beguo” [Puybegon] by charter dated 29 May 1246[65]

Deodat & his wife had three children: 

1.         SICARD [I] Alaman (-[1/6] Jun 1275, bur Toulouse Dominican church).  A charter dated 17 Jan 1234 (O.S.) records an agreement between Sicardum Alamanni et Deodatum fratrem eius” concerning “hereditate paterna...pater eorum Deodatus”, naming “Guilhelmo Atoni fratri eorum quondam...Finam eorum matris[66].  Seigneur de Saint-Sulpice.  Principal adviser of Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse[67].  Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse granted “villam de La Fotz” to “Sicard Aleman” in favour of “son oncle Bertr. vic de Lautrec” by charter dated 17 Jan 1234 (O.S.)[68]Dom. Sic. Alamanni et Doatus Alamanni frater eius” agreed that arrangements had been settled between them by charter dated 13 Apr 1252[69].  Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse confirmed her father’s donation of property of “de heresia Elie de Egrifolio civis Agennensis” to “Sicardo Alamanni” by charter dated Jan 1257 (O.S.)[70].  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, chose burial “in domo Fratrum predicatorum Tholose”, bequeathed property to “Elix filie mee et...domine Philippe condam uxoris mee, uxori...domini Amalrici vicecomitis Lautricensis...Cecile filie mee et dicte domine Philippe quondam uxoris mee, uxori Hugonis Adhemarii domini de Lumberiis...Agneti filie mee et domine Beatricis quondam uxoris mee...filie mee et domine Beatricis de Medulione nunc uxoris mee...Ramundo Alamanno diacono et canonico Ruthenensi filio quondam Laurage“, appoints “Sycardum Alamanni filium meum et domine Beatricis quondam uxoris mee” as his heir, provides dower for his current wife, and appoints as executors “Bertrandum vicecomitem Lautricensem sororium meum...[71].  He was named as deceased in the 6 Jun 1275 charter of his illegitimate son Raymond (see below).  m firstly PHILIPPA, daughter of ---.  She is named in the 1 Jun 1275 of her husband as mother of his two oldest daughters.  m secondly ([before 1256]) BEATRIX de Lautrec, daughter of SICARD [VI] Vicomte de Lautrec & his wife Agnes Mauvoisin (-before 1268).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of [her husband] “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, which names “domine Beatricis quondam uxoris mee...“ and appoints executors “Bertrandum vicecomitem Lautricensem sororium meum...[72].  Compayre suggests that she was married before 1256, the date her brothers agreed to share the vicomté de Lautrec in which she is not mentioned, and died before 1268, the date of a charter relating to a claim between her brothers and Philippe de Montfort Seigneur de Castres[73]m thirdly (betrothed Aug 1274) BEATRIX de Mévouillon, daughter of RAYMOND de Mévouillon & his wife Beatrix [Comtesson] [de Genève] (-after 25 Jul 1300).  The testament of “Raymond de Mévouillon senior novice de l´ordre des Frères Prêcheurs”, dated 28 Jun 1263, bequeathed property to “...son fils frère Raymond...sa fille Saure”, and appointed “son fils Raymond major” as his heir, default to “son petit-fils Raymond et...sa petite fille Béatricette[74].  A second testament of "Beatrix relicta…Dom. Reymundi Berengarii comitis provinciæ", dated 22 Feb 1264, chooses burial "in ecclesia Hospitalis S. Joannis Hierosolymitani", adds bequests to "…filie Contissone de Medullione…"[75]Raymond de Mévouillon established the dowries of his two daughters Beatrix and Agathe in Aug 1274, the former for her marriage to Sicard Alleman and the latter to Sicard his son[76].  “Beatrix de Medullione epouse de feu..:Sic. Alaman chevalier, pour elle et pour leur fille Marguerite dont elle est tutrice, et...Agathe de Medulion veuve de Sic. Alaman fils et héritier du sgr Sic. Alaman déjà nommé” relinquished rights relating to “Castelnau de Bonafous, La Bastide de Montfort et le lieu de Lafox...” in favour of “Bertrand vic. de Lautrec” by charter dated 3 Jun 1280, witnessed by “frater Raimus de Medullione...de ordine Fratrum Predicatorum...dom Gus Alamanni miles...[77].  Beatrix de Mévouillon, widow of Sicard Aleman, donated property to Marguerite de Genève "sa parente" [probably identified as Marguerite, daughter of Raoul Comte de Genève and wife of Aymar [IV] de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois] by charter dated 25 Jul 1300[78]Mistress (1): LAURAGE, daughter of ---.  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, bequeathed property at Lauzerté en Quercy, at Corbière and at Saint-Leufaire to “...Ramundo Alamanno diacono et canonico Ruthenensi filio quondam Laurage[79]Compayre suggests that Raymond was the illegitimate son of Sicard [I] by his mistress “Lauragé[80].  This parentage is confirmed by the following document: [her son] “Raimond Alaman chanoine de Rodez fils de feu noble Sic. Alaman” relinquished rights in property in favour of “Sic. Alaman son frère” by charter dated 8 Jun 1275, which confirms the death of their father[81].  Sicard [I] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         ELISE Alaman (-after 22 May 1282).  “Helitz molher del senhor nAmalric...vescomte de Lautrec” acknowledged receipt from “senhor n Sycart Alaman son payre” for her dowry by charter dated 7 Jun 1261[82].  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, bequeathed property to “Elix filie mee et...domine Philippe condam uxoris mee, uxori...domini Amalrici vicecomitis Lautricensis...[83].  Charters dated 1 Oct 1281, 3/4 Oct 1281, 18 Mar 1281 (O.S.) and 22 May 1282 relate to a dispute between “Bertr. vic de Lautrec héritier de Sic. Alaman damoiseau fils de Sic. Alaman chevalier seigneur de St. Sulpice” and “Amalric vicomte de Lautrec pour lui et au nom d’Hélitz sa femme” regarding the Alaman succession[84]m (before 7 Jun 1261) AMALRIC [I] “le Preux” Vicomte de Lautrec, son of SICARD [VI] Vicomte de Lautrec & his wife Agnes Mauvoisin (-after 22 May 1282). 

b)         CECILE Alaman (-after 12 Nov 1283).  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, chose burial “in domo Fratrum predicatorum Tholose”, bequeathed property to “...Cecile filie mee et dicte domine Philippe quondam uxoris mee, uxori Hugonis Adhemarii domini de Lumberiis... [85].  “Domina Agnes filia dom. Sycardi Alamanni militis senioris quondam, uxor...Arnaldi de Monteacuto militis junioris, filii...Arnaldo de Monteacuto militis senioris” sold rights relating to the succession of “Sic. et de Beatrix père et mère de lad. Agnès et de son frère Sicard le jeune damoiseau proximè defunctus...[et] de sa sœur Cécile épouse d’Hugues Adhemar” in favour of “son oncle Bertr. vic de Lautrec” by charter dated 12 Nov 1283[86]m HUGUES Adémar Seigneur de Lombers, son of --- (-after 12 Nov 1283). 

c)         SICARD [II] Alaman (-Tunis after 23 Jun 1270).  Compayre quotes an (unnamed) source which records the death in 1270 “apud Tunicium” of “Sicardus Alamanus domicellus filius D. Sicardi Alamanni[87]Betrothed (before 23 Jun 1270) to GALHARDE de Bruniquel, daughter of BERTRAND [II] Vicomte de Bruniquel & his wife Hélène Barasc Dame de Reyrevignes et de ½ Assier (-after 1296).  The testament of Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse, dated 23 Jun 1270, bequeathed property to "...Sycardi Alamanni filio dicti domini Sycardi et domine Beatricisi, quondam uxoris sue, qui dabitur in maritum Galharde filie...domini Bertrandi vicecomitis de Brunequello, consanguinei nostri..."[88].  Presumably this marriage did not proceed due to the death of Galharde’s prospective husband soon afterwards. 

Sicard [I] & his second wife had two children: 

d)         AGNES Alaman (-after 12 Nov 1283).  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, bequeathed property to “...Agneti filie mee et domine Beatricis quondam uxoris mee...filie mee et domine Beatricis de Medulione nunc uxoris mee...Ramundo Alamanno diacono et canonico Ruthenensi filio quondam Laurage[89].  “Domina Agnes filia dom. Sycardi Alamanni militis senioris quondam, uxor...Arnaldi de Monteacuto militis junioris, filii...Arnaldo de Monteacuto militis senioris” sold rights relating to the succession of “Sic. et de Beatrix père et mère de lad. Agnès et de son frère Sicard le jeune damoiseau proximè defunctus...[et] de sa sœur Cécile épouse d’Hugues Adhemar” in favour of “son oncle Bertr. vic de Lautrec” by charter dated 12 Nov 1283[90]m (before 1 Jun 1275) ARNAUD de Montagu, son of ARNAUD de Montagu & his wife --- (-after 12 Nov 1283). 

e)         SICARD [III] Alaman (-[9/14] Mar 1280).  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, appoints “Sycardum Alamanni filium meum et domine Beatricis quondam uxoris mee” as his heir[91].  The testament of “Sicardus Alamanni filius condam et heres...Sicardi Alamanni defuncti domini condam Sancti Suplicii”, dated 1 Jun 1278, appointed “sorori mee Margarite filie quondam dom. Sicardi patris mei et Beatrice de Medullione condam conjugis dicti Sic.” as his heir if he died childless[92].  “Sycardus Alamanni domicellus...dominus Sancti Suplicii filius condam...dom Sycardi militis jam defuncti” granted all his property “in Agennensi, Caturcensi, Tholosana et Albigensi, Ruthinensi” to “dominum Ram. Amelii de Penna militem [...Sicardus...dictus Raimundus]”, with the consent of “Bertrandi vicec. Lautricensis curatoris sui”, by charter dated 8 Mar 1278 (O.S.)[93].  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni filius condam...Sycardi Alamanni militis memorie recolende”, dated 9 Mar 1279 (O.S.), chose burial “pedes dicti patris mei...in ecclesia fratrum predicatorum Tholose”, named as his heir “Bertrandi vicecom. Lautricensis avunculi mei[94].  His date of death is confirmed by the following document: “Raim. Amiel de Penne chevalier” donated property given him by “Sic. Alaman damoiseau nunc defunctum..” to “Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec” by charter dated 14 Mar 1279 (O.S.)[95]m (betrothed Aug 1274) as her first husband, AGATHE de Mévouillon, daughter of RAYMOND de Mévouillon & his wife Beatrix [Comtesson] [de Genève].  Raymond de Mévouillon established the dowries of his two daughters Beatrix and Agathe in Aug 1274, the former for her marriage to Sicard Alleman and the latter to Sicard his son[96].  “Beatrix de Medullione epouse de feu..:Sic. Alaman chevalier, pour elle et pour leur fille Marguerite dont elle est tutrice, et...Agathe de Medulion veuve de Sic. Alaman fils et héritier du sgr Sic. Alaman déjà nommé” relinquished rights relating to “Castelnau de Bonafous, La Bastide de Montfort et le lieu de Lafox...” in favour of “Bertrand vic. de Lautrec” by charter dated 3 Jun 1280, witnessed by “frater Raimus de Medullione...de ordine Fratrum Predicatorum...dom Gus Alamanni miles...[97].  She married secondly (after [1283]) as his second wife, Bertrand de Baux Conte d’Avellino

Sicard [I] & his third wife had one child:

f)          MARGUERITE Alaman (before 1 Jun 1275-after 15 Mar 1305).  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, bequeathed property to “..filie mee et domine Beatricis de Medulione nunc uxoris mee...[98].  The testament of “Sicardus Alamanni filius condam et heres...Sicardi Alamanni defuncti domini condam Sancti Suplicii”, dated 1 Jun 1278, appointed “sorori mee Margarite filie quondam dom. Sicardi patris mei et Beatrice de Medullione condam conjugis dicti Sic.” as his heir if he died childless[99].  “Beatrix de Medullione epouse de feu..:Sic. Alaman chevalier, pour elle et pour leur fille Marguerite dont elle est tutrice, et...Agathe de Medulion veuve de Sic. Alaman fils et héritier du sgr Sic. Alaman déjà nommé” relinquished rights relating to “Castelnau de Bonafous, La Bastide de Montfort et le lieu de Lafox...” in favour of “Bertrand vic. de Lautrec” by charter dated 3 Jun 1280[100].  Nun at Avignon Sainte-Claire.  A charter dated 15 Mar 1304 (O.S.?) ratified a settlement agreed between arbitrators (the convent of Avignon Sainte-Claire and Petri de Mirapicio dicti de Levis domini de Vilanova”) and “Philippe de Lévis sgr de Florenciaco et vicomte de Lautrec” concerning “l’hérédité de feu Sic. Alaman chevalier et de Sic. son fils”, claimed by “sororis Magarite Alamanne monache dicti monasterii filieque dicti Sicardi sororisque Sicardii filii condam[101]

Sicard [I] had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

g)         RAYMOND Alaman (-after 3 Jan 1277).  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, bequeathed property at Lauzerté en Quercy, at Corbière and at Saint-Leufaire to “...Ramundo Alamanno diacono et canonico Ruthenensi filio quondam Laurage[102]Compayre suggests that Raymond was the illegitimate son of Sicard [I] by his mistress “Lauragé[103]Raimond Alaman chanoine de Rodez fils de feu noble Sic. Alaman” relinquished rights in property in favour of “Sic. Alaman son frère” by charter dated 8 Jun 1275, which confirms the death of their father[104].  Raim. Alaman fils de feu noble sgr. Sic. chevalier” sold property to “Sic. Alaman fils dud. feu Sicard” by charter dated 3 Jan 1276 (O.S.)[105]. 

2.         DEODAT [II] Alaman (-after 13 Apr 1252).  A charter dated 17 Jan 1234 (O.S.) records an agreement between Sicardum Alamanni et Deodatum fratrem eius” concerning “hereditate paterna...pater eorum Deodatus”, naming “Guilhelmo Atoni fratri eorum quondam...Finam eorum matris[106]Dom. Sic. Alamanni et Doatus Alamanni frater eius” agreed that arrangements had been settled between them by charter dated 13 Apr 1252[107]

3.         GUILLAUME ATON Alaman (-before 17 Jan 1235).  A charter dated 17 Jan 1234 (O.S.) records an agreement between Sicardum Alamanni et Deodatum fratrem eius” concerning “hereditate paterna...pater eorum Deodatus”, naming “Guilhelmo Atoni fratri eorum quondam...Finam eorum matris[108]

 

 

 

D.      VICOMTES de BRUNIQUEL

 

 

Bruniquel is located about 20 kilometres north-east of Montauban on the left bank of the river Aveyron near its confluence with the Vère river, in the present-day French département of Tarn-et-Garonne, arrondissement Montauban, canton Monclar-de-Quercy.  The first references to the vicomtes de Bruniquel emerge in the second half of the 11th century.  The first known vicomte, Adémar, was also vicomte de Toulouse, as demonstrated by sources quoted below.  Pierre Athon [I] must also have been vicomte during the same period as Vicomte Adémar, which suggests they may have held the vicomté jointly by indivision and that therefore they were closely related.  Vicomte Adémar is named with three brothers in sources which are quoted in the section dealing with the vicomtes de Toulouse.  The absence of Pierre Athon from these documents suggests that he was probably not another of Adémar´s brothers.  It appears more likely, therefore, that the two vicomtes were first cousins.  The vicomté de Bruniquel presumably passed to the comtes de Toulouse, maybe after the deaths in the mid-12th century of the brothers Vicomtes Adémar and Arnaud/Armand who appear to have died without direct male heirs.  In 1224 the vicomté is recorded in the hands of Bertrand de Toulouse, son of Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse (see the document TOULOUSE KINGS, DUKES & COUNTS). 

 

 

1.         ADEMAR Vicomte de Toulouse (-after Jul 1098)Vicomte de Bruniquel.  “Ademarus vicecomes de Bruniquel” settled a dispute concerning “eclesia de Tauro et de alio honore Sancti Saturnini” by undated charter[109].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates this charter to [1061/97] because of the presence of Raymond Ebon Bishop of Lectoure and concludes "ce qui prouve évidemment qu´Adhémar III vicomte de Toulouse prenait aussi le titre de vicomte de Bruniquel", highlighting that "il possédait le domaine de ce château avec son frère Armand" as demonstrated by the charter dated Sep 1083 under which he founded a priory “auprès du château de Bruniquel[110].  This charter is: “Artmannus et Ademarius vicecomites” founded a chapel “in Caturcensi pago in territorio subtus ipsum Brunechildum castrum, inter flumina Veræ et Avarionis” by charter dated Sep 1083[111]

 

 

1.         PIERRE ATHON [I] Vicomte de Bruniquel.  No primary source has been identified which names Pierre Athon [I] in his own capacity, apart from the sources which are quoted below under his wife.  m (contract 29 Oct 1069) [as her first husband,] GUILLERMA d´Albi, daughter of RAYMOND BERNARD "Trencavel" Vicomte d'Albi et de Nîmes & his wife Ermengarde de Carcassonne.  The marriage contract of "Raymundus Bernardus vicecomes et Hermengard mulier mea…filia nostra…Guilherma" and "Petro…Ato" [Pierre Vicomte de Bruniquel] is dated 29 Oct 1069 and names "in comitatu Ruthenense…castrum…Bruscha…[et] castrum…Castro-novo…[et] castrum…Lavineira…[et] medietatem de…castro de Juliano et de…castro de Rocabruno…" as her dowry[112]Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 26 Jun 1070 under which “Remundus Bernardi vicecomes cognomento Trencaveis et Ermengardis vicecomitissa conjux mea, filia…Rangardis comitissæ” transferred property to “Raimundo comiti Barcheonæ et Almodi comitissæ coniugi tuæ et filio vestro Raymundo Berengarii” which names “Guillermus vicecomes Biterrensis…avus Petri Raymundi”, and is subscribed by “Guillerma filia Ermengardis vicecomitissæ[113]Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1156 under which her grandsons "Arnaldus et Ademarus frater meus de Brunichel" sold "castrum de Bruscha" inherited from "avia nostra Guillerma…mater patris nostri Atonis" to "Raymundo Trencavello vicecomiti Biterrensi et filio tuo Rogerio de Biterris"[114].  [Guillerma may have married secondly Gérard ---: "Geraldus et uxor mea…Willelma et consanguinei mei Petrus vicecomes et Frotard" donated "ecclesiam de Cambone" to the abbey of Vabre by charter dated Apr [1105][115].  The connection with Pierre Vicomte [de Bruniquel] is best explained if the donor´s wife was same person as the dowager vicomtesse de Bruniquel.]  Pierre Athon [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE ATHON [II] (-after 1139).  Vicomte de Bruniquel.  "Atto vicecomes et Fina uxor Armanni vicecomitis" donated property to Moissac, for the soul of "prædicti Artmanni vicecomitis", to Conques by charter dated to [1120][116].  "Petro vicecomite filio Guilherma" confirmed a donation by Bishop Froterius dated 1139[117].  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated Jun 1156 under which his sons "Arnaldus et Ademarus frater meus de Brunichel" sold "castrum de Bruscha" inherited from "avia nostra Guillerma…mater patris nostri Atonis" to "Raymundo Trencavello vicecomiti Biterrensi et filio tuo Rogerio de Biterris"[118]m ---.  The name of Pierre Athon´s wife is not known.  Pierre Athon [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)          ADEMAR de Bruniquel (-after 1164).  Vicomte de Bruniquel.  "Arnaldus et Ademarus frater meus de Brunichel" sold "castrum de Bruscha" inherited from "avia nostra Guillerma…mater patris nostri Atonis" to "Raymundo Trencavello vicecomiti Biterrensi et filio tuo Rogerio de Biterris" by charter dated Jun 1156[119]A charter dated 18 Sep 1156 records an agreement between "Ademar et Arnald vicecomites de Brunichel" and "Austor filium Austor de Lunas" relating to "castrum de Bruscha"[120].  La Croix refers to a charter dated 1164 under which “Ademaro vicecomite de Burniquel” founded the abbey of Saint-Marcel en Quercy (without reproducing the full text)[121]

ii)         ARNAUD [Armand] de Bruniquel (-after Jan 1163)Vicomte de Bruniquel.  "Arnaldus et Ademarus frater meus de Brunichel" sold "castrum de Bruscha" inherited from "avia nostra Guillerma…mater patris nostri Atonis" to "Raymundo Trencavello vicecomiti Biterrensi et filio tuo Rogerio de Biterris" by charter dated Jun 1156[122].  A charter dated 18 Sep 1156 records an agreement between "Ademar et Arnald vicecomites de Brunichel" and "Austor filium Austor de Lunas" relating to "castrum de Bruscha"[123]Arnaldus Bernardi Montislavardi et Braida soror eius” donated “honorem de Vacarescas” to Quercy Saint-Marcel by charter dated Jan 1163, witnessed by “Armandus vicecomes Brunequelli...[124]The Histoire Générale de Languedoc equates "Armandus" in this document to Arnaud Vicomte de Bruniquel[125].  [m [as her second husband,] PETRONILLE, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-after [1160]).  The speculation about this marriage is based on the charter dated to [1160] which records a donation by "na Peironela la viscomtessa" of property "en la parrochia de la gleisa de Biule" to Moissac, with the consent of "nArnaus Bernars sos fils et sa filla na Braida"[126], read together with the charter dated Jan 1163 under which Arnaldus Bernardi Montislavardi et Braida soror eius” donated “honorem de Vacarescas” to Quercy Saint-Marcel, witnessed by “Armandus vicecomes Brunequelli...[127]The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that Pétronille was the sister and heiress of the brothers of Adémar and Arnaud/Armand Vicomtes de Bruniquel[128].  However, this suggestion does not explain why Pétronille used the vicecomital title in [1160] when the charter dated Jan 1163 demonstrates that her supposed brother Arnaud/Armand was still alive at the time.  It appears more likely that Pétronille was the wife of Vicomte Arnaud/Armand and that her two children named in both these documents were born from an earlier marriage.] 

b)         [ARMAND (-before [1120]).  Vicomtem FINA, daughter of ---.  "Atto vicecomes et Fina uxor Armanni vicecomitis" donated property to Moissac, for the soul of "prædicti Artmanni vicecomitis", to Conques by charter dated to [1120][129].] 

 

 

Two possible brothers or first cousins: 

1.         PIERRE (-after 9 May [1105])Vicomte [de Bruniquel].  "Petrus vicecomes et conjux mea Fides" donated "podium...Duris...et mansum de Pomariola" to the abbey of Vabre, in return for “mansum de Canta-Perdicis...in Gortes et...mansum de Verniola...in terminio de Artuitu”, by charter dated 9 May [1105][130]"Geraldus et uxor mea…Willelma et consanguinei mei Petrus vicecomes et Frotard" donated "ecclesiam de Cambone" to the abbey of Vabre by charter dated Apr [1105][131]m FOI de Narbonne, daughter of BERNARD Vicomte de Narbonne & his wife Fides [Foi] de Rouergue (-after 9 May [1105]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Petrus vicecomes et conjux mea Fides" exchanged property with the abbey of Vabre by charter dated 9 May [1105], subscribed by "Aldeberti…"[132]

2.         [FROTARD (-after Apr [1105]).  "Geraldus et uxor mea…Willelma et consanguinei mei Petrus vicecomes et Frotard" donated "ecclesiam de Cambone" to the abbey of Vabre by charter dated Apr [1105][133].  The document does not specify that the relationship between Frotard and Vicomte Pierre.  However, they were both described as “consanguinei” of the donor so a close family relationship between the two is indicated, especially as all the donors held a joint interest in the property donated.  It is possible that they were either brothers or first cousins.] 

 

 

1.         --- m [as her first husband,] PETRONILLE, daughter of --- (-after [1160]).  A charter dated to [1160] records a donation by "na Peironela la viscomtessa" of property "en la parrochia de la gleisa de Biule" to Moissac, with the consent of "nArnaus Bernars sos fils et sa filla na Braida"[134].  Pétronille may have married secondly Arnaud [Armand] Vicomte de BruniquelThe Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that Pétronille was the sister and heiress of the brothers of Adémar and Arnaud/Armand Vicomtes de Bruniquel[135].  However, this suggestion does not explain why Pétronille used the vicecomital title in [1160] when the charter of her two children dated Jan 1163 (see below) demonstrates that her supposed brother Arnaud/Armand was still alive at the time.  It appears more likely that Pétronille was the wife of Vicomte Arnaud/Armand and that her two children named below were born from an earlier marriage.  Two children: 

a)         ARNAUD BERNARD de Montlavard (-after Jan 1163).  A charter dated to [1160] records a donation by "na Peironela la viscomtessa" of property "en la parrochia de la gleisa de Biule" to Moissac, with the consent of "nArnaus Bernars sos fils et sa filla na Braida"[136].  “Arnaldus Bernardi Montislavardi et Braida soror eius” donated “honorem de Vacarescas” to Quercy Saint-Marcel by charter dated Jan 1163, witnessed by “Armandus vicecomes Brunequelli...[137]The Histoire Générale de Languedoc equates "Armandus" in this document to Arnaud Vicomte de Bruniquel[138]

b)         BRAIDE (-after Jan 1163).  A charter dated to [1160] records a donation by "na Peironela la viscomtessa" of property "en la parrochia de la gleisa de Biule" to Moissac, with the consent of "nArnaus Bernars sos fils et sa filla na Braida"[139].  “Arnaldus Bernardi Montislavardi et Braida soror eius” donated “honorem de Vacarescas” to Quercy Saint-Marcel by charter dated Jan 1163, witnessed by “Armandus vicecomes Brunequelli...[140]

 

 

Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse granted Bruniquel, Montclar and Salvagnac to his illegitimate half-brother Bertrand, who became Vicomte de Bruniquel.  His territories were divided between his sons Bertrand [II], who inherited Bruniquel, and Guillaume, who inherited Montclar and Salvagnac, both of whom founded different branches of the family who are shown below.  Alauzier indicates that, at the death of Vicomte Renaud in [1327/28], the territory of the vicomté de Bruniquel included the present-day communes of Bruniquel, Puygaillard, Vaissac and Génébrières, as well as Saint-Geniès which fomed the south-eastern part of Montricoux[141]

 

BERTRAND [I] de Toulouse, illegitimate son of RAYMOND VI Comte de Toulouse & his mistress --- ([1198]-[Oct/Nov] 1249)The testament of "Raymundus…dux Narbone, comes Tolosæ, marchio Provinciæ" is dated 11 Sep 1209 bequeathes "Castluscium et Bruniqueldum" to "Bertrando filio meo"[142]Vicomte de Bruniquel et de Montclar, Seigneur de Salvagnac Dec 1224.  "Bertrandus frater domini comitis Tolosæ..." witnessed the charter dated 3 Sep 1230 under which "Centullo comiti Astarasci" swore allegiance to the comte de Toulouse[143]1246. 

m (contract Salvagnac Dec 1224) COMTORESSE de Rabastens, daughter of MATFRED [Mainfroi] de Rabastens & his wife ---.  The contract of marriage between "Matfredus de Rabastenx...Comtoressæ filiæ [suæ]" and "D. Ramundo...duci Narbonæ, comiti Tolosæ...Bertrando fratrem nostrum" is dated Dec 1224, which also names "Willelmus de Rabastenx filius Matfredi de Rabastenx"[144]

Bertrand & his wife had two children: 

1.         BERTRAND [II] (-after 1295, bur Saint-Antonin, Franciscan church).  Vicomte de Bruniquel"...Bertrandus filius Bertrandi fratris quondam dicti domini comitis Tholosani..." is among those swearing allegiance to Alphonse Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 1 Dec 1249[145]The testament of Bertrand [II], dated Sep 1291, chose burial in “le couvent des Frères Mineurs de Saint-Antonin” where he had become a monk, and appointed “son fils Guillaume Barasci” as his heir[146]m HELENE de Barasc, daughter of GUILLAUME Barasc & his wife ---  (-1296 or after).  Dame de Reyrevignes et de ½ Assier: a report of revenues to the king of England dated 1287 records “in Bayonia uxoris domini Bertrandi de Bruniquollo filie quondam Guillelmi Barasc defuncti in qua est de Veyrevinhas et medietas ville d’Acier[147].  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.  Bertrand [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)         GUILLAUME "Barasc" (-1310 or before).  The testament of Bertrand [II], dated Sep 1291, appointed “son fils Guillaume Barasci” as his heir[148]Vicomte de Bruniquelm (contract Cahors 14 Aug 1278) AUDE de Pons, daughter of RENAUD [III] Seigneur de Pons & his wife Marguerite de Bergerac (-[29 Jul 1316/15 May 1317], bur Saint-Antonin, Franciscan church).  The marriage contract between Bertrand [II] de Bruniquel “[son fils] Guillaume Barasci” and Marguerite de Turenne widow of Renaud [III] de Pons “Aude de Pons fille de ladite dame” is dated 14 Aug 1278[149].  The testament of Aude de Pons “femme de feu Guillaume vicomte de Bruniquel”, dated 29 Jul 1316, chose burial in “le couvent des Frères Mineurs de Saint-Antonin”, bequeathed property to “ses filles Hélène, Bertrande, Galharde, Ermengarde et Aude...Guillaume de Castelnau fils de Guillaume et de sa fille Ermengarde”, and appointed “son fils Reginald” as her heir, substituting her daughters and “[les] enfants de la dite Ermengarde...Guillaume, Bertrand et Rodolphe de Castelnau[150].  Guillaume & his wife had six children (the order of birth of the daughters is uncertain as different documents list them in different orders): 

i)          RENAUD de Bruniquel (-[mid-Nov 1328/11 Jan 1329], bur Montauban, Dominican church)Vicomte de Bruniquel, Seigneurs de Cazals, co-Seigneur de Cos et de la Salvetat Majeuse, Seigneur de Roquemaure {Tarn}[151]The testament of Aude de Pons “femme de feu Guillaume vicomte de Bruniquel”, dated 29 Jul 1316, appointed “son fils Reginald” as her heir, substituting her daughters and “[les] enfants de la dite Ermengarde...Guillaume, Bertrand et Rodolphe de Castelnau[152].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), chose burial “dans l’église des Frères Prêcheurs de Montauban”, requested prayers for “sa femme feue Brayde”, bequeathed property to “Guillaume Imberti, Guillaume de Roquemaure et Othon del Luc ses chevaliers, à ses filles naturelles...Pierre Bermondi chevalier, fils de feu Raymond, à Bernard de Roquemaure chevalier, à Bernard de Rabastens damoiseau, à --- de Rostignac, damoiseau de dame Laure sa femme...à Jeanne de Lys veuve de Bernard de Génébrières, à Olivier vicomte de Montclar...à Izarn de Tauriac damoiseau...à noble Isabel de Castelnau sa nièce...à chacune de ses sœurs Ermengarde, Hélène, Galharde, Bertrande et Aude...à Laure de Chabannes sa femme...à noble Guillaume de Castelnau son neveu...à sa fille Marguerite fiancée à Raymond Roger de Comminges vicomte de Couserans...à sa troisième fille Brayde...pour entrer dans un couvent”, appointed “sa fille cadette Bertrande” as his heir, named “Olivier vicomte de Montclar et Izarn de Tauriac damoiseau co-seigneur dudit lieu” as guardians of his daughters, and appointed as executors “dom Bernard de Montclar propositum de Beaumont au diocèse de Vabres...[153]m firstly (contract 7 Apr 1307) BRAIDE de Goth, daughter of BERAUD de Goth & his wife --- (-after 2 Sep 1327, bur Bruniquel)The testament of “Bertrand de Gouth chevalier vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auviller, seigneur de Duras, de Blanquefort”, dated 19 May 1324, bequeathed property to “...Braide sa nièce femme du vicomte de Bruniquel...[154].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, substituted "Arnaldum Bernardi de Preyssaco militem dictum Soldanum, Amanevum et Bertrandum de Mota fratres, Aymericum de Duroforti dominum de --- …Reginam de Gutto uxorem nobilis Amanevi de Pinibus…et Braydam vicecomitissam Bruniquelli, necnon et Indiam uxorem domini de Monteferrando…Marquesiæ de Sevinhaco uxori Othonis domini de Montealto" as her heirs in case her husband died childless[155]The testament of Braide de Goth, dated 2 Sep 1327, chose burial in the church of Bruniquel, where “sa fille Galharde morte avant d’être mariée” was buried, named “ses autres filles Marguerite, Bertrande et Brayde”, and named as executors “son mari Réginald, dom Béraud évêque d’Alby, Olivier vicomte de Montclar, et Isarn de Tauriac damoiseau[156]m secondly ([Sep 1327/mid-Nov 1328]) as her second husband, LORE de Chabanais, widow of SIMON Vicomte de Rochechouart, daughter of AIMERY de Rochechouart & his wife --- de Châteauneuf (-after 1 Sep 1356).  Bourdès records her family origin and marriage without citing the primary source on which the information is based[157].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Laure de Chabannes sa femme...[158].  Accounts for 1336/37 indicate a dispute between “Madame Laure de Chabanes et dame Bertrande”, presumably relating to the testament of their husband/father[159].  Renaud & his first wife had four children: 

(a)       MARGUERITE de Bruniquel (-[1332/34]).  The testament of Braide de Goth, dated 2 Sep 1327, named “ses autres filles Marguerite, Bertrande et Brayde[160].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...à sa fille Marguerite fiancée à Raymond Roger de Comminges vicomte de Couserans...[161].  A document relating to this testament dated Jan 1328 (O.S.) records the couple as married[162]m ([Nov 1328/Jan 1329]) as his first wife, RAYMOND ROGER [I] de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans, son of ROGER [IV] de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans & his wife --- (-after 3 Feb 1376)

(b)       BERTRANDE de Bruniquel (-[22 Aug 1360/9 Jan 1362])The testament of Braide de Goth, dated 2 Sep 1327, named “ses autres filles Marguerite, Bertrande et Brayde[163].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), appointed “sa fille cadette Bertrande” as his heir[164]. Père Anselme records her parentage and names “Pierre Trousseau seigneur de Launoy Trousseau et...Bertrande vicomtesse de Burniquel” as parents of Isabelle Trousseau, when recording the latter’s marriage, without citing the corresponding primary sources[165]Vicomtesse de BruniquelAccounts for 1336/37 indicate a dispute between “Madame Laure de Chabanes et dame Bertrande”, presumably relating to the testament of their husband/father[166].  The testament of Bertrande de Bruniquel “femme de Pierre de Troussel chevalier et dame de Châteaux”, dated 22 Aug 1360, chose burial in the place chosen by “Jean Galeti chevalier suum sororinum”, made bequests to “sa fille Isabelle seigneuresse de Châteaux et femme de Raymond Roger II de Comminges vicomte de Couserans et de Bruniquel...à sa fille Marguerite pour entrer comme religieuse minoresse au couvent de la Guilhe...à son fils Guillaume Troselli...”, appointed “son fils Jean Pierre” as her heir, and named as executors “Raymond Roger eius filium seu generum, dom Sanche Garsie vicomte de Lautrec, seigneur de Montredon et prévôt de l’église Saint-Etienne de Toulouse...[167].  This testament shows that Bertrande sold the vicomté de Bruniquel to her brother-in-law Raymond Roger de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans, confirmed by a charter dated 9 Jan 1362 (O.S.?) which records an agreement to reduce the sale price of the vicomté between “Pierre de Troussel mari de la défunte, agissant comme tuteur de son fils Jean-Pierre” and “les tuteurs de Roger-Roger fils et héritier de Raymond Roger I pour les trois quarts de la vicomté[168]m ([12 May 1341/1343]) PIERRE Trousseau Seigneur de Châteaux, son of PIERRE Trousseau Seigneur de Launoy, de Veretz en Touraine, et de Châteaux en Anjou[169] & his second wife Isabelle de Dreux (-after 11 Sep 1391). 

(c)       GALHARDE de Bruniquel (-before 1327, bur Bruniquel).  The testament of Braide de Goth, dated 2 Sep 1327, chose burial in the church of Bruniquel, where “sa fille Galharde morte avant d’être mariée” was buried[170]

(d)       BRAIDE de Bruniquel (-after 18 Jun 1351).  The testament of Braide de Goth, dated 2 Sep 1327, named “ses autres filles Marguerite, Bertrande et Brayde[171].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...à sa troisième fille Brayde...pour entrer dans un couvent[172].  Bourdès records that Braide refused to become a nun and married “Guillaume de Pressigny” and that by agreement dated 18 Jun 1351 her sister granted her “sa moitié du château et de la baronie de Roquemaure, et ce qu’elle possédait à Saint-Nauphary et à Bon-Repos[173]m GUILLAUME de Pressigny, son of ---. 

Renaud had [two or more] illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

(e)        daughters .  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...ses filles naturelles...[174].  No other source has been found recording these daughters so their names and number are not known.  It is possible that one of these daughters married Jean Galeti: the testament of [their half-sister] Bertrande de Bruniquel “femme de Pierre de Troussel chevalier et dame de Châteaux”, dated 22 Aug 1360, chose burial in the place chosen by “Jean Galeti chevalier suum sororinum[175].  The term “sororius” would normally indicate brother-in-law.  Jean could therefore have been married to one of Bertrande’s sisters or to a sister of her husband.  As the husbands of Bertrande’s full sisters are known, maybe Jean was the husband of one of her illegitimate half-sisters. 

ii)         ERMENGARDE de Bruniquel (-after Nov 1328).  The testament of Aude de Pons “femme de feu Guillaume vicomte de Bruniquel”, dated 29 Jul 1316, bequeathed property to “ses filles Hélène, Bertrande, Galharde, Ermengarde et Aude...Guillaume de Castelnau fils de Guillaume et de sa fille Ermengarde”, and appointed “son fils Reginald” as her heir, substituting her daughters and “[les] enfants de la dite Ermengarde...Guillaume, Bertrand et Rodolphe de Castelnau[176].  “Armenguart filha que fuy...Guilhem vescompte de Brunequel” renounced her succession rights from “deldig mossenhor paire ni...de madona Auda ma dona mayre” in favour of “Reynaut vescompte de Brunequel mo fraire” by charter dated 15 May 1317[177].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...à noble Isabel de Castelnau sa nièce...à chacune de ses sœurs Ermengarde, Hélène, Galharde, Bertrande et Aude...à noble Guillaume de Castelnau son neveu...[178]. m GUILLAUME de Castelnau, son of ---. 

iii)        HELENE de Bruniquel (-after Nov 1328).  The testament of Aude de Pons “femme de feu Guillaume vicomte de Bruniquel”, dated 29 Jul 1316, bequeathed property to “ses filles Hélène, Bertrande, Galharde, Ermengarde et Aude...[179].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...à chacune de ses sœurs Ermengarde, Hélène, Galharde, Bertrande et Aude...[180].  Her marriage is confirmed by a charter dated 16 Jul 1367 which records that the estate of [her niece] Bertrande was required pay Proulhe monastery part of the dowry of “Hélène fille de Guillaume Barasc” which “Reginald fils de ce dernier” had not paid[181].  The identity of her husband has not been ascertained.  m ---. 

iv)       BERTRANDE de Bruniquel (-after 29 Jul 1316).  The testament of Aude de Pons “femme de feu Guillaume vicomte de Bruniquel”, dated 29 Jul 1316, bequeathed property to “ses filles Hélène, Bertrande, Galharde, Ermengarde et Aude...[182].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...à chacune de ses sœurs Ermengarde, Hélène, Galharde, Bertrande et Aude...[183]

v)        GALHARDE de Bruniquel (-after 29 Jul 1316).  The testament of Aude de Pons “femme de feu Guillaume vicomte de Bruniquel”, dated 29 Jul 1316, bequeathed property to “ses filles Hélène, Bertrande, Galharde, Ermengarde et Aude...[184].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...à chacune de ses sœurs Ermengarde, Hélène, Galharde, Bertrande et Aude...[185]

vi)       AUDE de Bruniquel (-after 29 Jul 1316).  The testament of Aude de Pons “femme de feu Guillaume vicomte de Bruniquel”, dated 29 Jul 1316, bequeathed property to “ses filles Hélène, Bertrande, Galharde, Ermengarde et Aude...[186].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...à chacune de ses sœurs Ermengarde, Hélène, Galharde, Bertrande et Aude...[187]

b)         GALHARDE (-after 1296)The testament of Jeanne Ctss de Toulouse, dated 23 Jun 1270, bequeathed property to "...Sycardi Alamanni filio dicti domini Sycardi et domine Beatricisi, quondam uxoris sue, qui dabitur in maritum Galharde filie...domini Bertrandi vicecomitis de Brunequello, consanguinei nostri..."[188].  Presumably this marriage did not proceed due to the death of Galharde’s prospective husband soon afterwards.  Gaillarda de Bruniquel” is named as wife of “Guidone secundo” in the 14 Aug 1508 judgment relating to the Sévérac succession[189]Her mother granted half her interest in Reyrevignes and Assier, reserving herself the usufruct, to her daughter Galharde on her marriage to Guy Seigneur de Séverac by charter dated 1273, confirmed by her testament dated 1296[190].  Her testament was dated 1296[191]Betrothed (before 23 Jun 1270) to SICARD [II] Alaman, son of SICARD [I] Alaman & his first wife Philippa --- (-Tunis after 23 Jun 1270).  m ([1273]) GUY [VI] Seigneur de Sévérac, son of GUY [V] Seigneur de Séverac & his wife Richarde de Panat[192] (-after 8 Jun 1293). 

2.         GUILLAUME de Bruniquel .  Bourdès names Guillaume as younger son of Bertrand [I], noting that he inherited the vicomté de Montclar and baronnie de Salvagnac, noting that the brothers agreed the limits of their respective territories by charter dated May 1261[193].  Vicomte de Montclar.  Louis Duc d’Anjou recruited him to combat the English in Aug 1369, his seal reading “Btr Vescoted Moclar[194]m ---.  The name of Guillaume’s wife is not known.  Guillaume & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         OLIVIER de Bruniquel [de Montclar] (-after Jan 1329).  Bourdès records his parentage but does not cite the source which confirms this information[195].  Vicomte de Montclar.  The testament of Braide de Goth, dated 2 Sep 1327, named as executors “son mari Réginald, dom Béraud évêque d’Alby, Olivier vicomte de Montclar, et Isarn de Tauriac damoiseau[196].  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), bequeathed property to “...Olivier vicomte de Montclar...à Izarn de Tauriac damoiseau...”, named “Olivier vicomte de Montclar et Izarn de Tauriac damoiseau co-seigneur dudit lieu” as guardians of his daughters[197]

b)         [BERNARD de Montclar (-after Jan 1329).  Provost of Beaumont.  The testament of Renaud de Bruniquel, dated mid-Nov 1328 and recorded after his death in a charter dated 11 Jan 1328 (O.S.), appointed as executors “dom Bernard de Montclar propositum de Beaumont au diocèse de Vabres...[198].  His name suggests a connection with the vicomtes de Montclar: maybe he was the brother of Vicomte Olivier.] 

 

 

The precise parentage of the following person is unclear.  Alauzier says that she was “presque certainement fille du vicomte Guillaume et donc petite fille d’Hélène Barasc[199].  Vicomte Guillaume is recorded with a daughter named Bertrande as shown above.  However, neither of the sources in which she is named gives any indication that she was married.  This omission appears telling, although its significance is uncertain as there is no indication in the same documents that Hélène, another of Vicomte Guillaume’s daughters, was married but a third document confirms that she was (see above).  One possibility is that Bertrande, wife of Géraud Balène, was Vicomte Guillaume’s illegitimate daughter.  Another is that she was descended from an otherwise unrecorded younger brother of Vicomte Guillaume or from Guillaume Vicomte de Montclar, brother of Vicomte Bertrand [II]. 

 

1.         BERTRANDE de Bruniquel (-after 1346).  Her family origin and marriage are confirmed by the arbitral sentence dated 1354, quoted below, in which she is named “Bertrande de Bruniquel”.  Alauzier says that, as “dame de Reyrevignes et d’Assier, she was named in a document dated 1346[200]m GERAUD Balène, son of --- (-before 1346).  Seigneur de Reyrevignes et Assier.  Alauzier suggests that these properties, assigned to his wife’s maternal aunt Galharde (see below), were exchanged by the Séverac family after 1305 with Géraud Balène[201].  Seigneur de Salviac, in succession to his brother Pierre Balène after Jun 1316[202].  One child:

a)         MATHEVE Balène (-after 1354).  The Papal dispensation for their marriage despite 4o consanguinity is dated 25 Jan 1328[203].  An arbitral sentence between “Barasc de Castelnau, Mathève Balène sa femme, héritière se sa mère, fille de feus Géraud et Bertrande de Bruniquel” and “Gaillard et Rigal d’Assier, Guibert de Rebombigues et Bertrand son fils, all co-seigneurs d’Assier, is dated 1354[204]m (Papal dispensation 25 Jan 1328) BARASC de Castelnau Seigneur de Thémines, son of --- (-after 1354).  One child: 

i)          JEAN de Castelnau (-after 7 Jun 1381).  Seigneur de Reyrevignes.  A document dated 7 Jun 1381 names “Jean de Castelnau Seigneur de Reyrevignes, fils et héritier de Barasc” in the context of the sale of the seigneurie de Thémines to Adhémar d’Aigrefeuille[205].  Alauzier lists the names of some his successors until the early 16th century[206]

 

 

The Vicomtes de Bruniquel from the Comminges/Couserans family consisted of two branches, the older represented by the second son of Raymond Roger [II] de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans who inherited ¼ of the vicomté and the younger represented by the second son of Raymond Roger [I] de Comminges Vicomtes de Couserans who inherited ¾.  The older branch, although descended in direct line from the earlier family of Vicomtes de Burniquel, acquired their share by purchase, as did the younger branch who were not descended from the previous family. 

 

ARNAUD ROGER de Comminges, son of RAYMOND ROGER [II] de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans & his wife Isabelle Trousseau (-[22 Aug 1439/6 Jun 1440]).  The testament of Isabelle “vicomtesse de Couserans et de Bruniquel veuve...[de] Raymond Roger de Comminges”, dated 29 Nov 1395 (codicil 1 Dec 1395), appointed “son second fils Arnaud Roger damoiseau” as her heir[207]Vicomte de Bruniquel.  Arnaud Roger de Comminges Vicomte de Bruniquel swore to maintain the privileges of the inhabitants of Bruniquel by charter dated 11 Jun 1396, witnessed by “son frère naturel Jean de Comminges[208].  Bourdès cites the two documents which establish his date of death[209]

m (contract 27 Sep 1397) CECILE de Penne, daughter of BERTRAND de Penne Seigneur de Cestayrols et de Durfort & his wife Narcibilié de Narbonne.  Bourdès records her parentage and marriage without citing the corresponding sources[210]

Arnaud Roger & his wife had three children: 

1.         RAYMOND ROGER de Comminges (-[8 Jan 1451/23 Oct 1458]).  Narcibilié de Narbonne, his maternal grandmother, granted him “le château et la juridiction de Diebe” by charter dated 1 Mar 1423 (O.S.?)[211]Vicomte de Bruniquel.  The testament of Raymond Roger, dated 8 Jan 1450 (O.S.?), named “son fils Maffre Roger” as his heir[212]m (contract Bruniquel 3 Jan 1421) DELPHINE de Castelpers, daughter of AIMERIC de Castelpers Vicomte d’Ambialet & his wife ---.  Bourdès records her parentage and marriage, with details of the marriage contract (contained in a charter dated 30 May 1476 and registered 24 Apr 1510 at the request of the couple’s grandson François Roger [I])[213]Raymond Roger & his wife had children:

a)         MAFFRE ROGER de Comminges (-after 15 Nov 1509).  The testament of Raymond Roger, dated 8 Jan 1450 (O.S.?), named “son fils Maffre Roger” as his heir[214]

-        VICOMTES de BRUNIQUEL[215]

b)         MARGUERITE de Comminges (-after 1464)m JEAN de Voisins Seigneur d’Ambres Vicomte de Lautrec, son of JEAN de Voisins Seigneur d’Ambres Vicomte de Lautrec & his wife Jeanne de Montaut. 

2.         ISABELLE de Comminges (-after 1450).  Bourdès records her parentage and marriage, noting a document dated 1450 in which she was described as a widow, without citing the corresponding sources[216]m AMALRIC de Vernho, son of --- (-before 1450). 

3.         CECILE de Comminges m (contract Saint-Etienne de Labastide-de-Serou 15 Oct 1422) CORBAIRAN [II] de Foix Seigneur de Rabat, son of JEAN [I] de Foix Seigneur de Rabat & his [first wife Bergue de Rabasteins]. 

 

 

ROGER ROGER de Comminges, son of RAYMOND ROGER [I] de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans & his third wife Leonor de Pallars (-[21 Nov 1401/23 Mar 1402])Bourdès records his parentage without citing any source on which this information is based[217].  The testament of his father, dated 21 Jan 1358 (O.S.?), bequeathed the vicomté de Couserans and ¼ of the vicomté de Bruniquel to “son fils aîné Raymond Roger II” and the other ¾ of the vicomté de Bruniquel to “son second fils Roger Roger[218]Vicomte de Bruniquel.  He was named as his father’s heir in a charter dated 18 Apr 1359[219].  A charter dated 14 Aug 1367 names “noble Bernard de Comminges châtelain de Bruniquel, comme procureur du R. P. Guillaume d’Espagne évêque de Pamiers et Arnaud d’Espagne vicomte de Couserans, tuteurs de Roger Roger vicomte de Bruniquel pour les trois quarts[220].  A charter dated 11 Sep 1391, included in a vidimus dated 8 Mar 1443 compiled at the request of Vicomte Raymond Roger III, records that “le seigneur Pierre de Chevreuse et Marguerite de Troussel sa femme, celle-ci de licence de son père Pierre...Jean Pierre de Troussel fils de ce dernier et de feu Bertrande de Toulouse” settled disputes with “Roger Roger de Comminges vicomte de Bruniquel”, under which the last-named would pay an amount to “Isabelle de Troussel femme de Raymond Roger II vicomte de Couserans et de Bruniquel pour un quart[221].  Roger Roger confirmed the customs of Bruniquel by charter dated 21 Nov 1401[222]

m firstly (contract 14 Feb 1363 (O.S.?)) JEANNE de l’Isle-Jourdain, daughter of JOURDAIN de l’Isle-Jourdain Seigneur de Clermont Soubiran [later Comte de l’Isle-Jourdain] & his wife Indie de Durfort.  Bourdès records her parentage, marriage, and marriage contract, without citing the primary sources which confirm the information[223]

m secondly JEANNE de Rabastens, daughter of [PIERRE RAYMOND [III] de Rabastens & his second wife Borga de Marestang] (-after Apr 1430).  Bourdès records her possible parentage and marriage, without citing the primary sources which confirm the information[224]

Roger Roger & his second wife had four children: 

1.         ELEONORE de CommingesBourdès records her parentage, marriage, and marriage contract, without citing the primary sources which confirm the information[225]m (proxy 8 Jun 1397) ARNAUD de Carmaing Seigneur de Nègrepelisse, son of ---. 

2.         BOURGUETTE de Comminges .  Bourdès records her parentage, presumed first betrothal, marriage, and marriage contract, without citing the primary sources which confirm the information[226]Betrothed (contract 16 Mar 1388 (O.S.?)) to ROBERT de Morlas, son of JEAN de Morlas & his wife Bertrande Alaman.  m (contract 7 Mar 1398) BERTRAND de Cunhac, son of ---. 

3.         ANTOINE ROGER de Comminges (-[Jul 1476]).  Vicomte de Bruniquel

-        VICOMTES de BRUNIQUEL[227]

4.         JEAN ROGER de CommingesVicomte de Bruniquel

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de CASTRES (MONTFORT)

 

 

Castres is located in the present-day French département of Tarn about 40 kilometres south of Albi.  Simon de Montfort granted the town to his brother Guy during the crusade against the Albigeois, dated to [1210].  After the death in 1300 without direct heirs of Jean [II] de Montfort Seigneur de Castres (who was also conte di Squillace e Montescaglioso in southern Italy), the town was inherited by his younger sister Eléonore wife of Jean [V] Comte de Vendôme.  Jean II King of France elevated Castres to the status of a county in 1356 in favour of Jean [VI] Comte de Vendôme.  The county passed in 1364 to Jean de Bourbon Comte de la Marche, along with the county of Vendôme, and in the mid-15th century to the family of the comtes d´Armagnac.  It was reunited with the French crown by King François I in 1519.  

 

 

GUY de Montfort, son of SIMON [IV] Seigneur de Montfort & his wife Amicie of Leicester (-killed in battle Vareilles near Pamiers 31 Jan 1228, bur Abbaye de Haute-Bruyère).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the mother of "comes Symon Montisfortis et Guido frater eius" as "Guilelmum comitem Licestrie…sorore"[228].  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Gui de Monfort" as brother of "Symon le conte de Montfort"[229].  A charter dated Feb 1199 recalls a donation to the leprosery of Grand-Beaulieu near Chartres by "Amauricus de Monteforti", with the consent of "Amauricus parvus filius eiusdem Amaurici, qui erat sub custodia Amaurici de Mestenon", and the confirmation by "Simon de Monteforti, predictorum successor virorum et heres" with the consent of "uxore mea Eva [presumably an error for Alix] et filiis meis Amaurico et Guidone et fratre meo Guidone"[230].  "Symon dominus Montisfortis et Guido frater meus" confirmed donations to Saint-Martin-des-Champs made by "comes Amauricus abavus noster" by charter dated 1 Jan/9 Apr 1200 or 1 Jan/25 Mar 1201[231].  Seigneur de Brétencourt 1202.  "Li cuens Symon de Monfort et Gui ses freres" left on crusade in 1202[232].   Villehardouin records that, after the siege of Zara, "Simon de Montfort [and]…his brother Guy de Montfort" deserted the army to join the king of Hungary[233].  Seigneur de Ferté-Alais.  The Continuator of William of Tyre records that, after their arrival in Palestine, "li cuens Symon de Montfort" remained in the land and "ses freres Guis si prist a feme la dame de Saete"[234].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the arrival of "li quens Simons de Montfort, et Guis ses freres" in Palestine [in 1204] and that "Guis prist à feme le dame de Saiete"[235]Seigneur de Castres-en-Albigeois:  the Historia Albigensium of Pierre de Vaux-Cernay records the return "a partibus transmarinis" of "comes…Guido frater eius germanus" who held "castrum in diocese Albigensi…Castra", dated to [1211] from the context[236]"Guido de Monteforti" donated property to "ecclesiæ de Pruliano", with the consent of "uxoris Alicis Sidoniæ dominæ", by charter dated 1 Jun 1216[237]The necrology of Haute-Bruyère lists members of the Montfort family who are buried in the abbey, including "…conte Gui de Sagette qui fut frere du conte Simon…"[238]

m firstly ([1204]) as her second husband, HELVIS Ibelin, widow of RENAUD of Sidon Lord of Sagette, daughter of BALIAN of Ibelin Lord of Nablus & his wife Maria Komnene ([1182]-before 1 Jun 1216).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "uxorem Renaldi de Sidone" as the daughter of "Bethuliani de Guibelin" & his wife and her second husband "Guido de Monteforti", but does not name her[239].  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "une fille…Heloys, et un fiz Johan et une autre fille Marguerite, et un fiz Phelippe" as children of "Belleem de Ybelin" & his wife, stating that "Heloys" was wife firstly of "Renaut seignor de Seete" and secondly of "Gui de Monfort"[240].  The Chronicle of Ernoul records the arrival of "li quens Simons de Montfort, et Guis ses freres" in Palestine [in 1204] and that "Guis prist à feme le dame de Saiete"[241]"Guido de Monteforti" donated property to "ecclesiæ de Pruliano", with the consent of "uxoris Alicis Sidoniæ dominæ", by charter dated 1 Jun 1216[242]

m secondly (before Jul 1224) as her second husband, BRIENDE de Beynes, widow of LAMBERT de Thury Baron de Lombers, daughter of LAMBERT Adémar co-Seigneur de Monteil Baron de la Garde & his wife Tiburge de Baux.  "Brienni uxoris mee et Filippi filii mei et ceterorum liberorum meorum" consented to the donation by "Guido de Monteforti" to Port-Royal by charter dated Jul 1224[243]The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified. 

Guy & his first wife had three children: 

1.         PHILIPPE de Montfort (-murdered Tyre 12 Aug 1270).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe de Monfort et II filles Prunelle et Florence" as children of "Gui de Monfort" and his wife "Heloys"[244].  "Brienni uxoris mee et Filippi filii mei et ceterorum liberorum meorum" consented to the donation by "Guido de Monteforti" to Port-Royal by charter dated Jul 1224[245].  He succeeded his father in 1228 as Seigneur de Castres-en-Albigeois et de La Ferté-Alais.  Seigneur de Brétencourt 1230.  He arrived in Palestine in 1239[246].  After Tyre was captured in 1243 from the Filangieri brothers, Raoul de Soissons co-regent of Jerusalem demanded the city for the kingdom of Jerusalem, but with support from the Ibelin family it was given as a fief to Philippe de Montfort who thereby became Lord of Tyre[247]Henri I King of Cyprus, in his capacity of regent of Jerusalem, confirmed Philippe's possession of Tyre in 1246[248].  He was pretender to the throne of Armenia in 1248, by right of his second wife[249].  After Hugues III King of Cyprus succeeded as king of Jerusalem in 1268, he attempted to heal the rifts between the families of the Frankish knights and in particular proposed the marriage of his own sister to Philippe de Montfort's son[250].  He was murdered while he and his older son were praying in a chapel by one of the Assassins of Syria on the orders of Sultan Baibars[251]m firstly (before 1228) ELEONORE de Courtenay, daughter of PIERRE [II] Seigneur de Courtenay Emperor of Constantinople & his second wife Yolande de Flandre Marquise de Namur ([1208]-before 1230, bur Paris, Abbaye Saint-Antoine des Champs).  The Lignages d'Outremer record that "Phelippe de Monfort" married "la fille au comte d'Ausseure"[252].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m secondly (after 6 Jul 1240) MARIE of Antioch, daughter of RAYMOND RUPEN Prince of Antioch & his wife Héloise of Cyprus (1215-).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Marie" as the daughter of "prince Rupin" & his wife, stating that she was (second) wife of "mesire Phelippe de Monfort"[253].  She succeeded her paternal grandmother as heiress of Toron.  The Chronicle of Philippe de Novare refers to the wife of "messier Phelippe de Montfort" as "la dame dou Toron"[254].  Philippe [I] & his first wife had three children: 

a)         PHILIPPE [II] de Montfort (-Tunis 24 Sep 1270, bur Castres).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Phelippe qui fu nom Coton" as son of "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au comte d'Ausseure", stating that Philippe "morut"[255]Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais. 

-        see below

b)         other children: LORDS of TYRE

2.         PERNELLE de Montfort .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe de Monfort et II filles Prunelle et Florence" as children of "Gui de Monfort" and his wife "Heloys", specifying that the daughters were nuns[256].  Nun at Saint-Antoine des Champs, Paris. 

3.         FLORENCE de Montfort .  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Phelippe de Monfort et II filles Prunelle et Florence" as children of "Gui de Monfort" and his wife "Heloys", specifying that the daughters were nuns[257].  Nun. 

Guy & his second wife had three children: 

4.         ALICIE de Montfort .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Port-Royal 1259. 

5.         AGNES de Montfort .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Port-Royal 1259. 

6.         GUIDON de Montfort (-on crusade, before his mother).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

PHILIPPE [II] de Montfort, son of PHILIPPE de Montfort Lord of Tyre & his first wife Eléonore de Courtenay (-Tunis 24 Sep 1270, bur Castres).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Phelippe qui fu nom Coton" as son of "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au comte d'Ausseure", stating that Philippe "morut"[258]Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais.  "Symon de Monteforti comes Lincestrie" granted his proxy to administer the county of Bigorre to "dominum Philippum de Monteforti…consanguineum nostrum" by charter dated 9 Apr 1259[259].  The testament of "Philippus de Monteforti", dated 1 Apr 1271, names "uxoris nostre Johanne"[260].  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the death "IV Kal Oct" in 1270 of "dominus Philippus de Monte Forti junior, filius Philippi senioris" and his burial "ad fratres Castrenses"[261]

m JEANNE de Levis, daughter of GUY [II] de Levis Maréchal de Mirepoix & his wife Jeanne --- (-30 May 1284, bur Castres).  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis names "dominæ Johannæ" as widow of "dominus Philippus de Monte Forti junior, filius Philippi senioris"[262].  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…et domicella Elienore de Monteforti" which names their parents "bonæ memoriæ D Philippi de Monteforti patris et D Joannæ de Leviers matris nostrum predictorum Joannis, Lauræ et Elienoris"[263].  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the death "III Kal Jun" in 1284 of "domina Johanna uxor quondam...domini Philippi...filia domini Mirapicis"[264]

Philippe [II] & his wife had five children: 

1.         JEANNE de Montfort ([1255/60]-1300).  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth of her first child (by her first marriage) in [1274/75].  Jeanne must have been considerably older than her sister Eléonore, considering her own estimated birth date and that her sister gave birth to four children after her marriage in [1295/1302].  A charter dated [1/28] Nov 1282 records an agreement between the monks of Cluny and "Ludovicum dominum Bellijoci", and names “dominam Ysabellam matrem suam, relictam domini Raynaudi, quondam comitis Forensis, patris sui” and “dominam Johannam, relictam Guidonis, quondam fratris dicti Ludovici, et comitis Forensis[265].  The court of Lyon confirmed the guardianship of "Gioanni figlio pupillo di Guidone Conte di Forest" naming "Gioanna di Monfort Contessa di Forest Madre del detto Gioanni" and her second marriage with "Lodovico di Savoia Signore di Vaud fratello del Conte Amedeo" by charter dated 23 Jun 1283[266]The testament of "dominæ Joannæ de Monteforti quondam comitissæ Forensis, uxorisque quondam…domini Ludovici de Sabaudia domini Vaudi" dated Nov 1293 chooses her burial "in cimiterio Fratrum Minorum Montisbrisonis" and makes bequests to "a Gioanni di lei figlio Conte di Forest…ad Isabella di Lei figlia moglie di Berardo di Merevel…a Lora, Margarita, Gioannetta, Beatrice, Eleonora, Cattarina e Bianca pur sue figlie…a Pietro di Lei figlio…altri suoi Benidto Lodovico suo figlio"[267].  She is not named in the agreement dated 15 May 1295 which records the partition of property between her brother and sisters (see above)[268], which suggests that she may have died before that date.  m firstly (1268) GUY [VI] Comte de Forez, son of RENAUD Comte de Forez [Albon] & his wife Isabelle de Beaujeu (-19 Jan 1278).  m secondly (1278) as his second wife, LOUIS de Savoie Baron de Vaud, son of THOMAS II Conte [Marchese] del Piemonte & his second wife Beatrice Fieschi ([1254]-[10 Jan 1302/27 Apr 1303])

2.         JEAN [II] de Montfort (-Foggia [1/3] Dec 1300, bur Foggia, transferred 29 Jun 1305 to Castres).  The Lignages d'Outremer name "Johan…conte d'Esquilach et conte chamberlain" as second son of "Phelippe de Monfort" and "la fille au conte d'Ausseure", stating that Jean died without heirs[269], but this confuses Philippe [I] with Philippe [II].  Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais.  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…et domicella Elienore de Monteforti" which names their parents "bonæ memoriæ D Philippi de Monteforti patris et D Joannæ de Leviers matris nostrum predictorum Joannis, Lauræ et Elienoris"[270].  Conte di Squillace e Montescaglioso.  Captain-General of Calabria 1299.  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the death "Kal Dec" in 1300 of "dominus Johannes de Monte Forti comes Squillaci et Montis Caveosi ac camerarius regni Siciliæ, dominus terræ Albigesii", his burial "Fogia...in ecclesia Fogitana" where he died, and his transfer 29 Jun 1305 "ad conventum Castrensem"[271]m firstly ISABELLA Maletta, daughter of MANFREDO Maletta & his wife [Filippa di Antiochia].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly GIOVANNA di Fasanella Signora di Genzano, daughter of PANDOLFO di Fasanella & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m thirdly (Betrothed 11 Jul 1272) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Beaumont-en-Gâtinais, daughter of PIERRE Seigneur de Beaumont-en-Gâtinais & his second wife Filippa di Ceccano (-Marseille Mar 1307).  A charter dated 11 Jul 1272 records the proposed marriages of “Iohannem de Monte forti comitem Squillacensem et Symon fratrem eius” and “nobili quondam Petrum de Bellomonte...duabus filiabus eiusdem Petri...maiore natu [...Iohanni]...et minore natu dicto Symoni[272].  Her parentage and first marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 1290 under which “Johannes de Monteforti, Squillacii et Montiscanosi comes, ac regni Sicilie camerarius et Margarita uxor mea” confirmed a bequest by “quondam dominus Petrus, dominus Bellimontis…socer noster et pater prefate Margarete” to the abbey of Saint-Antoine[273].  She married secondly ([1303/06]) as his second wife, Robert [II] de Dreux Seigneur de Bû [Capet].  Minieri Riccio records the second marriage, citing documents in the Angevin registers at Naples[274].  Assuming that he is correct, Robert [II] presumably married his second wife to reinforce his claim to restoration to Squillace, believing that the previous count’s widow retained some residual right to the county. 

3.         LAURE de Montfort (-before 1 Dec 1300).  The marriage contract between "Bertrandum filium…domini Bernardi de Turre" and "unam de filiabus…domini Philippi de Monteforti…Lauretæ et Helyonors" is dated Feb 1269 (O.S.)[275].  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…" which specifies that the latter was "primogenitus D comitis Convenarum" and that he was acting for "Lauræ de Monteforti consortis nostræ"[276]Betrothed (Feb 1270) to BERTRAND [V] de la Tour, son of BERNARD [IV] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Yolande --- (-24 Nov 1296).  He succeeded his father in 1276 as Seigneur de la Tour.  m BERNARD [VII] Comte de Comminges, son of BERNARD [VI] Comte de Comminges & his wife Thérèse --- (-21 Jul 1312).

4.         ELEONORE de Montfort (-after 18 May 1338, bur Castres).  The marriage contract between "Bertrandum filium…domini Bernardi de Turre" and "unam de filiabus…domini Philippi de Monteforti…Lauretæ et Helyonors" is dated Feb 1269 (O.S.)[277].  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…et domicella Elienore de Monteforti" which names their parents "bonæ memoriæ D Philippi de Monteforti patris et D Joannæ de Leviers matris nostrum predictorum Joannis, Lauræ et Elienoris"[278]Dame de Castres.  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the presence of "domina Helyonorda de Monte Forti...comitissa Vindocinensis cum tribus filiis suis, soror et heres præfati domini Johannis de Monte Forti" at the reburial of the body of the latter at Castres in 1305[279].  The necrology of Port-Royal records the donation in 1314 by "dame Alienor de Montfort comtesse de Vendosme" for "son…filz Buchard comte de Vendosme le premier né"[280]Betrothed (Feb 1270) to BERTRAND [V] de la Tour, son of BERNARD [IV] Seigneur de la Tour & his wife Yolande --- (-24 Nov 1296).  He succeeded his father in 1276 as Seigneur de la Tour.  m ([15 May 1295/28 Feb 1302]) JEAN [V] Comte de Vendôme, son of BOUCHARD [V] Comte de Vendôme & his wife Marie de Roye (-after 18 May 1315). 

5.         SIMON de Montfort (-Apulia 24 Jan 1275, bur Castres).  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the death "IX Kal Feb...in partibus Apuliæ" in 1275 of "dominus Simon de Monte Forti miles, filius...domini Philippi patroni nostri" and his burial "in eadem ecclesia Sancti Vicentii ad pedes genitoris sui"[281]Betrothed (11 Jul 1272) to --- de Beaumont-en-Gâtinais, daughter of PIERRE Seigneur de Beaumont-en-Gâtinais & his second wife Filippa di Ceccano.  A charter dated 11 Jul 1272 records the proposed marriages of “Iohannem de Monte forti comitem Squillacensem et Symon fratrem eius” and “nobili quondam Petrum de Bellomonte...duabus filiabus eiusdem Petri...maiore natu [...Iohanni]...et minore natu dicto Symoni[282]

 

 

 

F.      VICOMTES de LAUTREC

 

 

The Lautrec vicomté was located in the southern part of the ancient county of Albi, the village of Lautrec itself lying about 15 km north-west of Castres in the present-day French département of Tarn.  The surviving sources are insufficient to reconstruct the early generations of the family of the Vicomtes de Lautrec with any confidence.  Even Père Anselme does not attempt a reconstruction but, unusually, limits his review of the family to a listing of documents in which they are named (without providing precise citation references)[283].  Olhagaray (in 1609) ignored the early vicomtes de Lautrec completely, stating that Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse invested his brother Baudouin (whom he calls “premier vicomte”) with the vicomté, which Baudouin´s descendants continued to hold until its transfer to Gaston II Comte de Foix in [1439][284]

 

Olhagaray´s imprecise statement leads us to consider another problem associated with the Lautrec family: the later development of a theory which posits that the vicomtes de Lautrec, after the early 13th century, belonged to a second dynasty supposedly descended from the comital family of Toulouse.  This theory would explain two puzzles: firstly, why the later “comtes de Toulouse-Lautrec” were authorised to use a compound of the names of both families in their own title; secondly, the family relationship between Frotard [IV] Vicomte de Lautrec (named in a charter dated 1209) and Vicomte Sicard [VI] (named in 1224), about which the known surviving primary sources are silent.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc quotes Pierre Louvet (mid-17th century) as the first secondary source to state that “Alix unique héritière de Lautrec” married a member of the comital family of Toulouse to whom she brought the vicomté, traces the development of the theory through other 17th century authors, and highlights that all these historians held contradictory positions concerning the precise identity of Alix´s supposed husband (none of the reconstructions are feasible from a chronological point of view)[285].  The origin of the idea behind “Alix unique héritière de Lautrec” is not explained.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc appears to be the first secondary authority to suggest a chronologically robust hypothesis, suggesting that “Alix...de Lautrec” was the sister of Vicomte Frotard [IV], that she married Baudouin brother of Comte Raymond VI and that, after the death of her supposed brother, she inherited the vicomté which she transmitted to her children[286].  The supposed Baudouin de Toulouse/Alix de Lautrec marriage contract appears to have been mentioned (but not produced) during the 1447 claim brought by Antoine [I] de Lautrec Seigneur de Montfa for official recognition of use of the “Toulouse-Lautrec” name, although the precise role played by the supposed document in the lawsuit is not known and the issue appears tainted by suspicions of forgery[287].  Emile Jolibois, in his late 19th century Histoire du Pays d´Albigeois, states that “on a bien, dans un procès jugé au XVe siècle, cité leur contrat de mariage qui se trouvait, disait-on, dans les archives de Carcassonne; mais rien n´est venu depuis justifier cette assertion”, although he also highlights the arrival of the name “Bertrand” (used several times in the Toulouse comital family) in the Lautrec family after the alleged marriage which is suggestive of the connection[288].  Since that time, the marriage has been widely accepted, for example by Magné & Dizel who comment that the marriage contract “devait brûler plus tard dans l´incendie des archives de Carcassonne[289]

 

Further documentary evidence concerning the question has emerged more recently.  Zalmen Ben-Nathan in 2002 published a manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec (dating it to [1455]) which states that Vicomte Sicard [VI] was the son of Vicomte Frotard [IV][290].  While the document is late to be categorised as a primary source, Ben-Nathan discusses strong indications that it was prepared from documents dated 1338/39 which record the results of the enquiry ordered by Philippe VI King of France before granting half the Lautrec vicomté to Gaston II Comte de Foix[291].  The historical precision of the manuscript´s author, mid-15th century archivist Michel du Bernis, has been praised in another context[292].  Nevertheless, even if Bernis reproduced the 1338/39 information accurately, that documentation was still written more than a century after the events which it purports to record.  The newly emerged manuscript cannot therefore be considered as providing the definitive solution to the question.  This doubt is further emphasised by yet another source: Père Anselme refers to the 10 Feb 1269 (O.S.) contract for the marriage between Bertrand [III] Seigneur de la Tour and one of the daughters of Philippe de Montfort Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais, under which Isarn [III] Vicomte de Lautrec acted as guarantor and whose Lautrec seal attached to the original document includes “une croix vuide pommettée comme celle de Toulouse[293].  This “Toulouse” part of the arms of Toulouse-Lautrec was retained through future generations of the Lautrec/Toulouse-Lautrec family.  There seems no reason for the blazon to have been used in 1269 unless a relationship had existed between the two families, although Zalmen Ben-Nathan opines that the use does not amount to “la preuve sûre d´une éventuelle alliance dynastique[294].  He justifies his opinion by citing the similar case of the arms of the comtes de l´Isle-Jourdain, which also included the Toulouse cross, although he does not refer to their descent from a daughter of Raymond V Comte de Toulouse which could have justified the quartering of the Toulouse arms.  In conclusion, in the present day there is no way of reaching a definitive conclusion based on the available evidence.  A Lautrec/Toulouse family relationship, if it did exist, could have taken many forms and there seems no reason to retain the “Alix de Lautrec/Baudouin de Toulouse” marriage as the only acceptable one. 

 

 

1.         --- .  m RANGARDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the [985] charter which names her son.  One child: 

a)         ISARN [I] (-[Sep 987/989]).  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  The testament of "Gersindæ comitissæ", dated to [972], bequeathed property for life "ecclesiam meam de Bar" to "Isarnus vicecomes"[295]"Froterius episcopus filius Ermendructæ" swore allegiance to "Isarno filio Rangardæ" relating to "castello…Lautrico", and both parties agreed to act jointly in approving any changes, by charter dated to [985][296]"Pontius comes" donated "illum meum vicum de Viancio" to the church of Albi, on the advice of "Isarni vicecomitis", by charter dated Sep 987[297]

 

2.         --- .  m ERMENTRUDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the [985] charter which names her son.  One child: 

a)         FROTARD [I] (-990).  Bishop of Cahors 968.  "Froterius episcopus filius Ermendructæ" swore allegiance to "Isarno filio Rangardæ" relating to "castello…Lautrico", and both parties agreed to act jointly in approving any changes, by charter dated to [985][298].  The wording of the document suggests, but does not state explicitly, that there was a close family relationship between the two parties.  According to Emile Jolibois, they were half-brothers, sons of another Vicomte Sicard (for whose existence no primary source has been identified) by different marriages[299], but they could just as easily have been first cousins who both inherited an interest in Lautrec. 

 

 

1.         --- .  m AVIERNA, daughter of ---.  She is named in the [989] charter which names her son.  One child: 

a)         SICARD [I] (-after [989]).  From a chronological point of view, it is possible that Sicard [I] was the son of Vicomte Isarn [I] but no primary source has been identified which confirms that this affiliation is correct.  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  "Sicardus vicecomes filius Avierna" swore allegiance to "Froterio episcopo, filio Hermendructæ" for "illo castello…Lautrico" by charter dated to [989][300]

 

 

Two brothers.  From a chronological point of view, they could have been the sons of Vicomte Sicard [I] but no primary source has been identified which confirms this affiliation. 

1.         ISARN [II] (-after Oct [1038]).  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  "Isarnus et Frotardus" donated the abbey of Vielmur to the church of Notre-Dame du Puy for the souls of “genitoribus geniticibusque nostris” by charter dated Oct [1038], signed by "Isarno vicecomite, Frotardi, Remigii, Fredelone, Guisla vicecomitissa…"[301].  [m GUISLA, daughter of --- (-after Oct [1038]).  "Isarnus et Frotardus" donated the abbey of Vielmur to the church of Notre-Dame du Puy for the souls of “genitoribus geniticibusque nostris” by charter dated Oct [1038], signed by "Isarno vicecomite, Frotardi, Remigii, Fredelone, Guisla vicecomitissa…"[302].  The document does not specify whether “Guisla vicecomitissa” was the wife of Isarn but this is one possibility.  Another possibility is that she was the mother of the two donors.] 

2.         FROTARD [II] (-1084).  "Isarnus et Frotardus" donated the abbey of Vielmur to the church of Notre-Dame du Puy for the souls of “genitoribus geniticibusque nostris” by charter dated Oct [1038], signed by "Isarno vicecomite, Frotardi, Remigii, Fredelone, Guisla vicecomitissa…"[303].  Bishop of Albi. 

 

 

[Two possible brothers]: 

1.         SICARD [II] (-after 1079).  The chronology suggests that Sicard was the successor of Vicomte Isarn [II] and therefore may have been his son.  No primary source has been identified which confirms this affiliation.  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  Raimundum vicecomitem, et Sicardum et Frotardum vicecomites...” are named as present in the charter dated 1079 which records the restoration of the church of Albi[304]

2.         [FROTARD [III] (-after 1079).  Vicomte [de Lautrec].  Raimundum vicecomitem, et Sicardum et Frotardum vicecomites...” are named as present in the charter dated 1079 which records the restoration of the church of Albi[305].  The document does not specify that “Sicardum et Frotardum vicecomites” were brothers.  They may also have been cousins.] 

 

 

1.         GUILABERT de Lautrec (-after [1112]).  "Gillabertus de Lauraco et filii mei Gillabertus, Sicardus atque Gausbertus" swore allegiance to Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated to [1112][306]m ---.  The name of Guilabert´s wife is not known.  Guilabert & his wife had three children: 

a)         GUILABERT"Gillabertus de Lauraco et filii mei Gillabertus, Sicardus atque Gausbertus" swore allegiance to Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated to [1112][307]

b)         SICARD [III] .  "Gillabertus de Lauraco et filii mei Gillabertus, Sicardus atque Gausbertus" swore allegiance to Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated to [1112][308]

c)         GAUSBERT"Gillabertus de Lauraco et filii mei Gillabertus, Sicardus atque Gausbertus" swore allegiance to Bernard Aton Vicomte de Béziers by charter dated to [1112][309]

 

 

1.         --- .  The primary source which confirms the name of Sicard´s father has not been identified.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that he may have been Vicomte Isarn [II] who is named above, but this does not appear possible from a chronological point of view[310]m AVA, daughter of ---.  She is named as the mother of Sicard [IV] in the charter dated 1 Aug 1142 which is quoted below.  One child: 

a)         SICARD [IV] (-[1159/60]).  Vicomte de Lautrec"Rogerius vicecomes et Sicardus vicecomes" made an agreement dated 1141[311].  "Sicardus filius Avæ fæminæ" swore allegiance to "Rogerio filio Cæciliæ" relating to "castello...Montlauder" by charter dated 1 Aug 1142[312].  “Sicardus de Lautrec vicecomes” donated property to Candeil by charter dated 1149[313].  “Sichards de Laurag fils d´Ava” swore allegiance to "Raimuns Trencavel vescons de Beders fils de Cecilia vescomtesse et…Roger fils de Raimuns Trencavel et de Saura comtesse" for "lo castel de Montlauder" by charter dated 16 Jul 1152[314].  “Sicardus de Laurac et uxor mea” donated property to the abbot of Candeil by charter dated 1157, signed by “Sicardus lo vescoms de Lautrec...[315].  “Sicardus filius Avæ” swore allegiance to “Raymundo Trencavelli filio Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ et...Rogerio filio R. Trencavelli et Sauræ comitissæ“ by charter dated 1158[316].  “Sicardus vicecomes Lautricensis” donated property to “S. Pontio", to enable "filium meum Raymundum“ to become a monk there, by charter dated 1159, signed by "Sicardi filii sui"[317]m --- (-after 1157).  “Sicardus de Laurac et uxor mea” donated property to the abbot of Candel by charter dated 1157, signed by “Sicardus lo vescoms de Lautrec...[318].  Sicard & his wife had three children: 

i)          SICARD [V] (-1193 or after).  “Sicardus vicecomes Lautricensis” donated property to “S. Pontio", to enable "filium meum Raymundum“ to become a monk there, by charter dated 1159, signed by "Sicardi filii sui"[319]Vicomte de Lautrec.  “Sicardus vicecomes de Lautrec et...Petrus frater eius” confirmed the donations to Candeil by “Sicardus vicecomes pater noster" by charter dated 1160[320]m (before 1176) ADELAIS de Béziers, daughter of RAYMOND TRENCAVEL Vicomte de Béziers & his [second] wife Saura ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated Feb 1188 under which "Sicardus vicecomes de Lautrec" acknowledged the dowry received from "D. vicecomiti Biterrensi...D. Rogerio" when he married "Alazaici sorore tua"[321].  Sicard [V] & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)       [FROTARD [IV] (-after 1209).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc states that “l’acte de l’an 1209” (quoted below) “est le seul que nous ayons de lui” but says that “il aura...été fils de Sicard V, soit que celui-ci l´ait d´Alix de Béziers ou d´une seconde femme[322].  Zalmen Ben-Nathan cites a charter, which has not yet been consulted, but provides no details so it is not known whether this is the same as the 1209 document[323].  Vicomte de Lautrec.  "Frotars vescoms de Lautrec" is named in a charter dated 18 Sep 1209[324].] 

-         see below

(b)       [ALIX de Lautrec .  As noted in the Introduction to the present section, the Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that “Alix...de Lautrec” was the sister of Vicomte Frotard [IV], that she married Baudouin brother of Comte Raymond VI and that, after the death of her supposed brother, she inherited the vicomté which she transmitted to her children[325].  This suggestion is not based on any surviving primary source evidence.  The supposed Baudouin de Toulouse/Alix de Lautrec marriage contract appears to have been mentioned (but not produced) during the 1447 claim brought by Antoine [I] de Lautrec Seigneur de Montfa for official recognition of use of the “Toulouse-Lautrec” name, although the precise role played by the supposed document in the lawsuit is not known and the issue appears tainted by suspicions of forgery[326].  Emile Jolibois, in his late 19th century Histoire du Pays d´Albigeois, states that “on a bien, dans un procès jugé au XVe siècle, cité leur contrat de mariage qui se trouvait, disait-on, dans les archives de Carcassonne; mais rien n´est venu depuis justifier cette assertion”, although he also highlights the arrival of the name “Bertrand” (used several times in the Toulouse comital family) in the Lautrec family after the alleged marriage which is suggestive of the connection[327].  As discussed further in the Introduction, another source suggests that the children attributed to Alix and her marriage to Baudouin de Toulouse were in fact the children of Vicomte Frotard [IV].  m ([1196]) BAUDOUIN de Toulouse, son of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his wife Constance de France (Paris 1165-Montauban 12 Mar 1214).] 

ii)         RAYMOND (-after 1159).  “Sicardus vicecomes Lautricensis” donated property to “S. Pontio", to enable "filium meum Raymundum“ to become a monk there, by charter dated 1159, signed by "Sicardi filii sui"[328].  Monk. 

iii)        PIERRE (-after 1160).  “Sicardus vicecomes de Lautrec et...Petrus frater eius” confirmed the donations to Candeil by “Sicardus vicecomes pater noster" by charter dated 1160[329]

b)         [RAYMOND de Lautrec (-15 Apr 1163).  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc names “Raimond de Lautrec” as abbé de Saint-Antonin de Frédelas and later bishop of Toulouse but does not specify his parentage[330].  The chronology suggests that, if he was a member of the vicecomital family, he would have been the brother of Vicomte Sicard [IV].  Bishop of Toulouse [1139/40].] 

 

 

It is not clear whether the following family group was related or not to the main family of the vicomtes de Lautrec: 

1.         PIERRE ERMENGAUD de Lautrec (-[1203/09]).  His date of death is fixed by the contract dated 1209 which names his supposed son or brother Hugues Ermengaud and the latter´s wife and father-in-law.  m ---.  The name of Pierre Ermengaud´s wife is not known.  Pierre Ermengaud & his wife had [two] children: 

a)         GUILABERT (-[1206]).  His parentage is confirmed by his marriage contract, quoted below.  m (1203) as her first husband, INDIA de Toulouse, illegitimate daughter of RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse & his mistress --- (-after 2 Mar 1228).  The marriage contract of "Petrus Ermengavus de Lautrico…Guilabertum filium meum" and "Indiæ sorori…D. comitis Tolosæ" by charter dated 1203 in the presence of "eiusdem D. Raymundi comitis"[331].  She married secondly (11 Feb 1207) Bernard [II] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain.  A charter dated 11 Feb 1207 confirms the marriage of "D. N. Bernardus Jordanus de Insula" and "India", witnessed by "Bernardus comes Convenarum…Jordanus frater Bernardi Jordani"[332].  The co-identity with the widow of Guilabert is confirmed by a charter dated Jan 1211 which notes that "D. India soror D. comitis Tolosæ" reached agreement with "Ugoni Ermengavo filio Petri Ermengavi de Lautreg" about her dowry, naming "Guilaberto suo marito", with the agreement of "Bernardi Jordani de Insula sui mariti"[333].  A charter dated 1209 notes that "D. Raymundus…dux Narbonæ, comes Tolosæ" absolved "Aymerico de Castro-novo et D. Castellanæ filiæ eius, et Ugoni Ermengavo marito ipsius D. Castellanæ" from payment of the dowry for "dominam Indiam sororem eius, quondam uxorem Guilaberti, filii Petri Eremengavi de Lautrico"[334]

b)         [HUGUES ERMENGAUD (-after 1209).  A charter dated 1209 notes that "D. Raymundus…dux Narbonæ, comes Tolosæ" absolved "Aymerico de Castro-novo et D. Castellanæ filiæ eius, et Ugoni Ermengavo marito ipsius D. Castellanæ" from payment of the dowry for "dominam Indiam sororem eius, quondam uxorem Guilaberti, filii Petri Eremengavi de Lautrico"[335].  This charter does not specify that Hugues Ermengaud was the son of Pierre Ermengaud.  Another possibility is that they were brothers, although the fact that Hugues Ermengaud´s father was alive in 1209 suggests that this may be less probable.  m CASTELLANE de Castelnau, daughter of AIMERY de Castelnau & his wife ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 1209 which notes that "D. Raymundus…dux Narbonæ, comes Tolosæ" absolved "Aymerico de Castro-novo et D. Castellanæ filiæ eius, et Ugoni Ermengavo marito ipsius D. Castellanæ" from payment of the dowry for "dominam Indiam sororem eius, quondam uxorem Guilaberti, filii Petri Eremengavi de Lautrico"[336].] 

 

 

Two brothers.  Magné & Dizel name Baudouin, son of Comte Raymond V, and his wife Alix supposed daughter of Sicard [V] Vicomte de Lautrec (see above), as parents of these two brothers and therefore ancestors of the later Comtes de Toulouse-Lautrec[337].  The arguments relating to this supposed ancestry are discussed fully in the Introduction to the present section dealing with the vicomtes de Lautrec.  As noted there, a manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], states that the two brothers were sons of Frotard [IV] Vicomte de Lautrec: “Dominus Frotardus dominus et vicecomes Lautricensis” had “duos...filios legitimos...dominum Sicardum et dominum Bertrandum” who succeeded their father when he died[338].  As discussed earlier, there are points in favour of each hypothesis and there appears no way of deciding sensibly which is the more probable case on the basis of the information currently available. 

1.         SICARD [VI] (-[Dec 1224/1240])Vicomte de Lautrec"Sicardus vicecomes…" witnessed the contract of marriage between "Matfredus de Rabastenx...Comtoressæ filiæ [suæ]" and "D. Ramundo...duci Narbonæ, comiti Tolosæ...Bertrando fratrem nostrum" dated Dec 1224[339]m AGNES Mauvoisin, daughter of GUY [V] Mauvoisin & his wife Alix ---.  Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the decision of the Paris parliament dated 1262 which granted le bail de Guiot de Rodonio” to “Jean de l’Ile”, against “Pierre vicomte de Lautrec”, following “la coutume du Vexin français, qui voulait que le fils de la sœur aînée fût préféré au fils d’une sœur cadette, quand même il serait moins âgé[340].  The primary source which confirms her name has not been identified.  Sicard [VI] & his wife had eight children: 

a)         PIERRE (-after 1262).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[341]Vicomte de Lautrec.  A manuscript chronicle records that "Petrus vice-comes Lautrici" swore allegiance to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse in 1240 for "castro suo de Brugeria et aliis"[342].  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[343].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[344].  A charter dated 24 May 1258 records an agreement between "dominum Philippum de Monteforti juniorem" and “dominum Petrum vicecomitem Lautricensem...eius uxor domina Vacqueria” relating to “castro de Affiaco”, naming “Isarnus et Bertrandus fratres eiusdem[345].  The decision of the Paris parliament dated 1262 granted le bail de Guiot de Rodonio” [his first cousin] to “Jean de l’Ile”, against “Pierre vicomte de Lautrec”, following “la coutume du Vexin français, qui voulait que le fils de la sœur aînée fût préféré au fils d’une sœur cadette, quand même il serait moins âgé[346]m as her first husband, VACQUERIE de Monteil-Ademar, daughter of LAMBERT Adémar de Monteil {now Montélimar, Drôme} Seigneur de Lombers & his wife Bérengère de Lautrec[347]A charter dated 24 May 1258 records an agreement between "dominum Philippum de Monteforti juniorem" and “dominum Petrum vicecomitem Lautricensem...eius uxor domina Vacqueria” relating to “castro de Affiaco”, naming “Isarnus et Bertrandus fratres eiusdem[348].  She married secondly Jourdain [IV] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain.  A charter dated 2 Oct 1271 records disputes between "dominam Vacqueriam uxorem...domini Jordani de Insula" and "dominos Bertrandum et Amalricum fratres, vicecomites Lautricenses" about the dowry of the former for her marriage to "dominum Petrum quondam vicecomitem Lautricensem, virum suum quondam dicte domine Vacquerie" whose heirs were the latter brothers[349]

b)         ISARN [III] (-after 4 Aug 1267).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[350]Vicomte de Lautrec.  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[351].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[352].  A charter dated 24 May 1258 records an agreement between "dominum Philippum de Monteforti juniorem" and “dominum Petrum vicecomitem Lautricensem...eius uxor domina Vacqueria” relating to “castro de Affiaco”, naming “Isarnus et Bertrandus fratres eiusdem[353].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse instructed "Philippo de Monteforti, militi" to restore "villam...Brugueria" to "Ysarni vicecomitis Lautricensis et Bertrandi fratris ipsius" having taken it from them unlawfully, by documents dated 4 Aug 1267 and 1 Dec 1267[354].  The testament of “Isarn vicomte de Lautrec”, dated Feb 1274, declared the dowry received from “Jeanne de Saissac sa femme”, named “Frotard et Pierre ses enfants” as his heirs, with “Beatrix sa fille...Bertrand et Amalric ses frères” as successive substitutes[355]m JEANNE de Saissac, daughter of ---.  The testament of “Isarn vicomte de Lautrec”, dated Feb 1274, declared the dowry received from “Jeanne de Saissac sa femme”, named “Frotard et Pierre ses enfants” as his heirs, with “Beatrix sa fille...Bertrand et Amalric ses frères” as successive substitutes[356].  Isarn [III] & his wife had three children: 

i)          FROTARD (-after Feb 1274).  The testament of “Isarn vicomte de Lautrec”, dated Feb 1274, declared the dowry received from “Jeanne de Saissac sa femme”, named “Frotard et Pierre ses enfants” as his heirs, with “Beatrix sa fille...Bertrand et Amalric ses frères” as successive substitutes[357]m ---.  The name of Frotard’s wife is not known.  Frotard & his wife had [one child]: 

(a)       [GUILLAUME de Lautrecm ALIX de Pons, daughter of ---.  She is named as wife of Guillaume by Jolibois, as noted below.  The primary source which confirms this information has not been identified.  This person has not been identified in the family of the seigneurs de Pons (see the document ANGOULÊME).  The chronology does appear favourable for her to have been Alix, daughter of Renaud [III] Seigneur de Pons, who was born [1254/72] and was a beneficiary under the 26 Jan 1289 testament of her mother Marguerite de Turenne.  Guillaume & his wife had [one child]:]

(1)       [HELENE de Lautrec (-before [1341/46])qu’en 1361, fol. 127 à 151.  The parentage of the wife of Hugues [II] Seigneur d’Arpajon, through whose marriage the right to a share in the vicomté de Lautrec passed to the Arpajon family, is open to some doubt.  Jolibois indicates that the Arpajon claim to the vicomté de Lautrec followed the marriage of Hugues d’Arpajon with Hélène de Lautrec, daughter of Guillaume de Lautrec (son of Frotard, older son of Isarn [III] Vicomte de Lautrec) and his wife Alix de Pons, but he cites no sources on which this information is based[358].  Père Anselme names “Hélène fille de Guillaume vicomte de Lautrec en partie, seigneur de Montredon, suivant des mémoires” as Hugues’s wife, without citing any source on which he bases the information[359].  The primary source which confirms her name, parentage and marriage has not been identified.  m as his first wife, HUGUES [II] Seigneur d’Arpajon, son of BERENGER Seigneur d’Arpajon & his wife --- (-after 1350).] 

ii)         PIERRE (-after 1305).  The testament of “Isarn vicomte de Lautrec”, dated Feb 1274, declared the dowry received from “Jeanne de Saissac sa femme”, named “Frotard et Pierre ses enfants” as his heirs, with “Beatrix sa fille...Bertrand et Amalric ses frères” as successive substitutes[360]Pierre de Lautrec seigneur de Montredon, fils d’Isarn” sold “la terre de Vrain” to “Fredol de Lautrec seigneur de Janes”, and by charter dated 1305 “son sixième de la vicomté de Lautrec[361]

[-        SEIGNEURS de MONTREDON, SEIGNEURS de MONTFA, COMTES de TOULOUSE-LAUTREC[362].]  The testament of Bertrande de Bruniquel “femme de Pierre de Troussel chevalier et dame de Châteaux”, dated 22 Aug 1360, named as executors “Raymond Roger eius filium seu generum, dom Sanche Garsie vicomte de Lautrec, seigneur de Montredon et prévôt de l’église Saint-Etienne de Toulouse...[363]

iii)        BEATRIX (-after Feb 1274).  The testament of “Isarn vicomte de Lautrec”, dated Feb 1274, declared the dowry received from “Jeanne de Saissac sa femme”, named “Frotard et Pierre ses enfants” as his heirs, with “Beatrix sa fille...Bertrand et Amalric ses frères” as successive substitutes[364]

c)         FROTARD .  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[365]

d)         SICARD (-before 6 Jun 1267).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[366].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse names "Sycart viconte de Lautré, domzel" in a document dated 17 Nov 1267[367]m ---.  The name of Sicard’s wife is not known.  Sicard & his wife had one child:

i)          ELISE .  “Helits fille de feu Sicard vicomte de Lautrec” cites “Amalric et Sicard vicomtes de Lautric” by charter dated 20 Apr 1267[368]

e)         GUY (-after 6 Jun 1267).  Vicomte de Lautrec"Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[369].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse "senescallo Tholose et Albiensis" noted in a document dated 6 Jun 1267 that "Guido dictus Albigiensis, miles, frater quondam vicecomitis Lautricensis" requested rights of succession to his brother's estate[370]

f)          BERTRAND (-after 15 Jan 1291).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[371]Vicomte de Lautrec.  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[372].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[373].  A charter dated 24 May 1258 records an agreement between "dominum Philippum de Monteforti juniorem" and “dominum Petrum vicecomitem Lautricensem...eius uxor domina Vacqueria” relating to “castro de Affiaco”, naming “Isarnus et Bertrandus fratres eiusdem[374].  Alphonse Comte de Poitou et de Toulouse instructed "Philippo de Monteforti, militi" to restore "villam...Brugueria" {Labruguière, Tarn} to "Ysarni vicecomitis Lautricensis et Bertrandi fratris ipsius" having taken it from them unlawfully, by document dated 4 Aug 1267 and 1 Dec 1267[375].  A charter dated 2 Oct 1271 records disputes between "dominam Vacqueriam uxorem...domini Jordani de Insula" and "dominos Bertrandum et Amalricum fratres, vicecomites Lautricenses" about the dowry of the former for her marriage to "dominum Petrum quondam vicecomitem Lautricensem, virum suum quondam dicte domine Vacquerie" whose heirs were the latter brothers[376].  Charters dated 1 Oct 1281, 3/4 Oct 1281, 18 Mar 1281 (O.S.) and 22 May 1282 relate to a dispute between “Bertr. vic de Lautrec héritier de Sic. Alaman damoiseau fils de Sic. Alaman chevalier seigneur de St. Sulpice” and “Amalric vicomte de Lautrec pour lui et au nom d’Hélitz sa femme” regarding the Alaman succession[377].  “Bertr. vic de Lautrec” and “Jourdain de Lisle chevalier le jeune fils de Jourd. de Lisle seigneur de Lisle chevalier” exchanged property acquired from “Arnaldo de Monteacuto milite et domina Agnes eius conjuge filia condam Sycardi Alemanni militis” by charter dated 20 Jun 1285[378]Bertrandus vicecomes Lautricensis miles, Jordanus de Rapistegno et Aymericus de Monte acuto domicelli, condomini de Graulheto” granted privileges to Graulhet by charter dated 15 Jan 1291, witnessed by “Sicardi filii...Amalrici vicecomitis Lautricensis...[379]m ALASIE de Nargeac, daughter of GUILLAUME B--- de Nargeac & his wife ---.  “Alazia fille de feu...Guill. B. de Najac veuve de Bertr. vic de Lautrec” granted her rights in “castrum nostrum de Savinhaco” to “Beatrix notre fille aînée et héritière universelle dud. Bertr.” by charter dated 30 Jun 1297[380].  Bertrand & his wife had two children: 

i)          BEATRIX (-after 21 Mar 1336)Vicomtesse de LautrecThe marriage contract between Guidone de Levis dom. Mirapicis et...Mathei de Levis filii sui” and “domina Aladayssi relicta dom. Bertrandi condam vicecomitis Lautric...Biatricis filie sue et filie et heredis dicti Bertrandi”, with the option to marry “Elitz filie dicti dom. Bertrandi” should Beatrix die, is dated 2/5 Jan 1295 (O.S.), ratified 18/20 Jan 1295 (O.S.)[381].  The marriage contract between Gui de Lévis sgr de Mirepoix...son fils Philippe de Levis” and “Beatrix vicomtesse de Lautrec...sa mère Aladays”, noting her previous betrothal to “Mathieu de Lévis” and subject to Papal dispensation, is dated 10 Sep 1296[382].  Pope Boniface VIII issued the dispensation for the marriage 3 Jun 1297, referring to her earlier contract to marry quondam Matheus de Levis miles frater tuus fili Philippe[383].  “Alazia fille de feu...Guill. B. de Najac veuve de Bertr. vic de Lautrec” granted her rights in “castrum nostrum de Savinhaco” to “Beatrix notre fille aînée et héritière universelle dud. Bertr.” by charter dated 30 Jun 1297[384].  The date of her second marriage is estimated from the following document: a charter dated 11 Mar 1310 (O.S.) records a dispute between Bertrandi de Guto militis vicecomitis Lautricensis” and “dominam A. de Monteforti comitissam Vindocinensem” concerning “loca de Cabanesio[385]A charter dated Nov 1313 recorded payment by the convent of Avignon Sainte-Claire to Bertr. de Guto vicomte de Lomagne et d’Auvillars et...sa demme Béatrix épouse de feu Phil. de Lévis[386].  "Béatrix de Lautrec" bequeathed money for her future marriage to her daughter Regine, by her testament dated 30 Jul 1315[387].  Jean I Comte d´Armagnac, acting for his wife "fille et heritière de feu Bertrand de Goth vicomte de Lomagne et d´Auvillars", assigned a pension to "Béatrix de Lautrec, veuve de Bertrand de Goth" by charter dated 10 Jun 1324[388].  "Regina de Gutto comitissa Armaniaci Fesenciaci et Ruthenensis vicecomitissaque Leomaniæ et Altavillaris", under her testament dated 12 Aug 1325, appointed "dominæ Beatrici vice-comitissæ Lautricensi matri suæ…Rogerio de Armaniaco et Domino Amanevo de Lebreto" as her executors[389]Beatrix vicomtesse de Lautrec” promised not to dispose of her assets without the consent of “ses fils...Philippe et Bertrand de Lévis”, with the consent of “...vicomte Guillaume cousin de lad. dame”, by charter dated 28 Nov 1326, and committed to pay certain sums to her sons “pro custodia castri [de La Focz]” where she was living by charter dated 29 May 1327[390]Beatrix vic. de Lautrec” ordered her subjects to swear allegiance to “nos fils Philippe et à Bertrand” by charter dated 21 Mar 1335 (O.S.)[391]Betrothed (2/5 Jan 1296) to MATHIEU de Lévis, son of GUY [III] de Lévis Maréchal de Mirepoix & his wife Isabelle de Marly [Montmorency] (-[Jan/Sep] 1296)m firstly (contract 19 Sep 1296, before 28 Jul 1298) PHILIPPE de Lévis, son of GUY [III] de Lévis Maréchal de Mirepoix & his wife Isabelle de Marly [Montmorency] (-after 15 Mar 1305).  m secondly (before 11 Mar 1311) BERTRAND de Goth, son of ARNAUD GARSIE de Goth [later Vicomte de Lomagne et d´Auvillars] & his wife Miramonde de Mauléon (-[22 May/4 Jun] 1324).  He succeeded his father in 1311 as Vicomte de Lomagne et d´Auvillars. 

ii)         ELISE de Lautrec .  The marriage contract between Guidone de Levis dom. Mirapicis et...Mathei de Levis filii sui” and “domina Aladayssi relicta dom. Bertrandi condam vicecomitis Lautric...Biatricis filie sue et filie et heredis dicti Bertrandi”, with the option to marry “Elitz filie dicti dom. Bertrandi” should Beatrix die, is dated 2/5 Jan 1295 (O.S.), ratified 18/20 Jan 1295 (O.S.)[392]

g)         AMALRIC [I] “le Preux” (-after 22 May 1282).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Petrus, dominus Amalricus “lo Pros”, dominus Isarnus, dominus Frotardus et dominus Bertrandus fratres eius” as sons of “Sicardo...filio...domini Frotardi[393]Vicomte de Lautrec.  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[394].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[395].  A charter dated 2 Oct 1271 records disputes between "dominam Vacqueriam uxorem...domini Jordani de Insula" and "dominos Bertrandum et Amalricum fratres, vicecomites Lautricenses" about the dowry of the former for her marriage to "dominum Petrum quondam vicecomitem Lautricensem, virum suum quondam dicte domine Vacquerie" whose heirs were the latter brothers[396].  He was named as alive in the 1 Jun 1275 testament of his father-in-law.  m (before 7 Jun 1261) ELISE Alaman, daughter of SICARD [I] Alaman Seigneur de Saint-Sulpice & his first wife Philippa --- (-after 22 May 1282).  “Helitz molher del senhor nAmalric...vescomte de Lautrec” acknowledged receipt from “senhor n Sycart Alaman son payre” for her dowry by charter dated 7 Jun 1261[397].  The testament of “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, bequeathed property to “Elix filie mee et...domine Philippe condam uxoris mee, uxori...domini Amalrici vicecomitis Lautricensis...[398].  Charters dated 1 Oct 1281, 3/4 Oct 1281, 18 Mar 1281 (O.S.) and 22 May 1282 relate to a dispute between “Bertr. vic de Lautrec héritier de Sic. Alaman damoiseau fils de Sic. Alaman chevalier seigneur de St. Sulpice” and “Amalric vicomte de Lautrec pour lui et au nom d’Hélitz sa femme” regarding the Alaman succession[399].  Amalric [I] & his wife had children: 

i)          SICARDBertrandus vicecomes Lautricensis miles, Jordanus de Rapistegno et Aymericus de Monte acuto domicelli, condomini de Graulheto” granted privileges to Graulhet by charter dated 15 Jan 1291, witnessed by “Sicardi filii...Amalrici vicecomitis Lautricensis...[400]

-         SEIGNEURS d´AMBRES (see below)

h)         BEATRIX de Lautrec (-before 1268).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of [her husband] “Sycardus Alamanni”, dated 1 Jun 1275, which names “domine Beatricis quondam uxoris mee...“ and appoints executors “Bertrandum vicecomitem Lautricensem sororium meum...[401].  Compayre suggests that she was married before 1256, the date her brothers agreed to share the vicomté de Lautrec in which she is not mentioned, and died before 1268, the date of a charter relating to a claim between her brothers and Philippe de Montfort Seigneur de Castres[402]m ([before 1256]) as his second wife, SICARD [I] Alaman Seigneur de Saint-Sulpice, son of --- (-[1/6] Jun 1275, bur Toulouse Dominican church).   

2.         BERTRAND [I] (-[13 Feb/24 May] 1258).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  "Bertrand vicomte de Lautrec…et Pierre, Isarn, Sicard, Gui, Bertrand et Amalric frères, vicomtes de Lautrec ses neveux" agreed to partition the vicomté de Lautrec by charter dated Apr 1242[403].  A charter dated 13 Feb 1258 was issued "coram domino Bertrando vicecomite Lautricensi et domino P. vicecomite Lautricensi, domino Isarno, domino Bertrando et domino Amalrico vicecomitibus fratribus suis"[404]m ---.  The name of Bertrand´s wife is not known.  Bertrand [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         SICARD [VII] (-after 1300).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “dominus Sicardus “lo Gros”” as the son of “domino Bertrando fratre...domini Sicardi[405]m ---.  The name of Sicard´s wife is not known.  Sicard [VII] & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERTRAND [II] (-after 20 May 1321).  The manuscript genealogy of the vicomtes de Lautrec, attributed to Michel du Bernis and dated to [1455], names “plures liberi inter quos...Bertrandus heres universalis ac vicecomes Lautricensi” as children of “domino Sicardo “lo Gros” filio...domini Bertrandi” and states that Bertrand transferred “dimidiam partem dicti vicecomitatus...cum vicecomitato de Caramanhio” to “francorum regem” who sold it to “domino Gastoni Fuxi comiti[406].  Bertrand exchanged his part of the vicomté de Lautrec with Philippe IV King of France for the vicomté de Caraman in 1306[407]

 

 

The precise relationships between the following individuals and the main Lautrec family have not been identified: 

 

1.         --- (-before 1376).  Charles V King of France confirmed that “Archambaud euesque de Chalons et Sicard euesque de Besiers freres, Helionor et Jeanne leurs sœurs, enfans du Vicomte de Lautrec, fils et frere du Vicomte de Lautrec dernierement trespassé” transferred their rights in “[le] vicomté de Lautrec et en la baronnie d’Ambres” (challenged by “le comte d’Estarac”) to “leur nepueu Jean de Beaufort fils de Nicolas de Beaufort chevalier seigneur de Limueil” by charter dated 13 Nov 1376[408]

 

2.         PHILIPPE (-after 1389).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  A manuscript chronicle records that "Philippus vice-comes Lautrici" swore allegiance for his vicomté to the French king in 1389[409]

 

3.         HUGUES de Caraman (-after 1402).  Jolibois indicates that “Philippe IV de Lautrec-Venès” sold rights in Lautrec to “la maison de E Foix-Caraman” in 1420, but he cites no sources on which this information is based[410].  This date is inconsistent with Hugues de Caraman being named Vicomte de Lautrec in 1402.  It should be noted that Bertrand [II] de Lautrec received Caraman when he sold his share of Lautrec to Philippe IV King of France (see above).  Vicomte de LautrecA manuscript chronicle records that "D. Hugo de Caramanno vice-comes Lautrici" swore allegiance for "suo vice-comitatu...[et] Saxiaco" to the French king in 1402[411]

 

 

The following family presumably descended from Amalric [I] Vicomte de Lautrec, named above, but the primary sources which confirm the precise descent have not been identified.  If “ayeule”, in the 14 Oct 1315 document cited below, can be interpreted in its strict sense of grandmother, Amalric [II] may have been the son of Sicard, son of Amalric [I]. 

 

1.         AMALRIC [II] de Lautrec (-[13 Jul/Dec] 1343)Vicomte de Lautrec, Baron d’Ambres.  Amalric Vicomte de Lautrec granted property belonging to “feue dame Ælix son ayeule” to Isarn de Lautrec Seigneur de Venez by charter dated 14 Oct 1315[412].  Père Anselme assumes that the grantor was the person referred to below as Amalric [III] but from a chronological point of view this assumption seems unlikely to be correct.  His testament is dated 13 Jul 1343[413]m MARGUERITE, daughter of --- (-after 28 Nov 1345).  Père Anselme says that she was the daughter of Hélie Comte de Périgord & his second wife Brunissende de Foix[414]The primary source which confirms this parentage has not been identified, but the name of her granddaughter Brunissende provides one indication that it may be correct.  A charter dated 1343 records Marguerite as a widow, while Philippe VI King of France granted safeguards to her, her son Amalric [III], and her other children by charter dated 28 Nov 1345[415].  Amalric [III] & his wife had six children: 

a)         AMALRIC [III] de Lautrec (-[27 Jul 1367/1370])Vicomte de Lautrec, Baron d’Ambres.  His testament is dated Aug 1360, and he made a claim against the comte de Foix 27 Jul 1367[416]m JEANNE de Narbonne, daughter of GUILLAUME de Narbonne Seigneur de Montaigut & his wife Gaillarde de Lévis Dame de Montaigut (-after 1379, bur Paris église des Cordeliers)Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage[417].  He does not cite the primary source on which he bases Jeanne’s parentage but from a chronological point of view it appears possible that she was the daughter of Guillaume de Narbonne.  She participated into the claim against her son-in-law Jean [I] Comte d’Astarac brought by her other son-in-law Eustache de Mauny in 1379 (see below).  Amalric [III] & his wife had two children: 

i)          CATHERINE de Lautrec (-after 24 Sep 1374).  Her testament, dated 24 Sep 1374, bequeathed her property to her husband (triggering the series of lawsuits relating to the rights to Lautrec)[418]After her death, childless, her husband challenged the succession of Jean de Beaufort to the interests in the vicomté de Lautrec held by this branch of the family, as shown by the charter dated 13 Nov 1376 quoted below.  m as his first wife, JEAN [I] Comte d’Astarac, son of CENTULE [IV] Comte d’Astarac & his wife Mathe de Fézensaguet (-5 Oct 1398)

ii)         BRUNISSENDE de Lautrec (before Aug 1360-[22 Jan/Dec] 1418, bur [Paris église des Cordeliers]).  Her first husband, acting with his mother-in-law and his wife’s uncles, claimed rights to Lautrec on behalf of hs wife from his brother-in-law Jean [I] Comte d’Astarac in 1379[419].  Her second marriage is confirmed by a decision dated 4 Sep 1405 under which “Thibaut d’Espagne dit de Lévis” was ordered to share his inheritance with “Brunissende de Lautrec, femme d’Yves seigneur de Garencières...petite-fille de Gaillarde de Lévis, sœur de Thibaut de Lévis [II] Seigneur de Montbrun[420]Her testament, dated 22 Jan 1418, chose her burial place[421]m firstly (before 1379) EUSTACHE de Mauny, son of --- (-before 15 Jan 1385).  m secondly YVES de Garancières, son of --- (-after 1 Oct 1408). 

b)         ARCHAMBAUD de Lautrec (-10 Nov 1389, bur Châlons).  Bishop of Lavaur 1355.  Bishop of Châlons 1357.  Charles V King of France confirmed that “Archambaud euesque de Chalons et Sicard euesque de Besiers freres, Helionor et Jeanne leurs sœurs, enfans du Vicomte de Lautrec, fils et frere du Vicomte de Lautrec dernierement trespassé” transferred their rights in “[le] vicomté de Lautrec et en la baronnie d’Ambres” (challenged by “le comte d’Estarac”) to “leur nepueu Jean de Beaufort fils de Nicolas de Beaufort chevalier seigneur de Limueil” by charter dated 13 Nov 1376[422]

c)         SICARD de Lautrec (-22 Jul 1383).  Bishop of Béziers 1371.  Charles V King of France confirmed that “Archambaud euesque de Chalons et Sicard euesque de Besiers freres, Helionor et Jeanne leurs sœurs, enfans du Vicomte de Lautrec, fils et frere du Vicomte de Lautrec dernierement trespassé” transferred their rights in “[le] vicomté de Lautrec et en la baronnie d’Ambres” (challenged by “le comte d’Estarac”) to “leur nepueu Jean de Beaufort fils de Nicolas de Beaufort chevalier seigneur de Limueil” by charter dated 13 Nov 1376[423]

d)         PHILIPPA de Lautrec (-1363).  m JEAN de Gaillard, son of ---.  One child: 

i)          MARGUERITE de Gaillard (-before Aug 1380)A charter dated Aug 1380 records the allegiance of Nicholaus de Belloforti filius...comitis Belloforti neposque...Papa Clementis VI ac dominus de Limolio” for his properties and those of “Margaritæ consortis suæ quondam dominæque de Limolio in seneschalia Petragoricensi[424].  “Nicolao Belliforti domini de Limolio...patri et...administratori Iohannis et Margaretæ liberorum suorum et Margaritæ uxoris eius quondam dominæ de Limolio filiæ et heredis...defuncti Iohannis de Galiardo militis quondam domini dicti loci” transferred revenue from lands of “Petri de Gallardo militis...Guillelmi domini de Cavomonte et Guillelmi Aramundi de Cavomonte eius filii militum quondam”, with the homage of “castri et castellaniæ de Clarenchis...”, by charter dated Jul 1381[425]m as his first wife, NICOLAS de Beaufort, son of GUILLAUME [II] Rogier Comte de Beaufort & his [first wife ---]. 

e)         ELEONORE de Lautrec .  Charles V King of France confirmed that “Archambaud euesque de Chalons et Sicard euesque de Besiers freres, Helionor et Jeanne leurs sœurs, enfans du Vicomte de Lautrec, fils et frere du Vicomte de Lautrec dernierement trespassé” transferred their rights in “[le] vicomté de Lautrec et en la baronnie d’Ambres” (challenged by “le comte d’Estarac”) to “leur nepueu Jean de Beaufort fils de Nicolas de Beaufort chevalier seigneur de Limueil” by charter dated 13 Nov 1376[426]

f)          JEANNE de Lautrec .  Charles V King of France confirmed that “Archambaud euesque de Chalons et Sicard euesque de Besiers freres, Helionor et Jeanne leurs sœurs, enfans du Vicomte de Lautrec, fils et frere du Vicomte de Lautrec dernierement trespassé” transferred their rights in “[le] vicomté de Lautrec et en la baronnie d’Ambres” (challenged by “le comte d’Estarac”) to “leur nepueu Jean de Beaufort fils de Nicolas de Beaufort chevalier seigneur de Limueil” by charter dated 13 Nov 1376[427]

 

 

In addition to the above, members of a branch of the Lévis family (descended from Beatrix Vicomtesse de Lautrec and her husband Philippe de Lévis, see above) also bore the title “Vicomte de Lautrec” from the early 14th century, as did the comtes de Foix and their successors (Philippe VI King of France sold an interest in Lautrec to Gaston [II] Comte de Foix in 1339, this part corresponding to the share sold to Philippe IV King of France by Bertrand [II] de Lautrec, see above). 

 

 

 

G.      VICOMTES de SAINT-ANTONIN

 

 

Saint-Antonin-Noble-Val is located on the river Aveyron, between Sept-Fonds to the west and Feneyrols to the east, south-east of Cahors in the present-day French département of Tarn-et-Garonne.  The names of the vicomtes de Saint-Antonin suggest a close relationship with the family of the vicomtes de Lautrec.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc comments cautiously that “les noms d´Isarn et de Frotard attachés à leur maison, de même qu’à celle des vicomtes de Lautrec en Albigeois, peuvent donner lieu de conjecturer qu’ils étaient de la même race, ou du moins que les premiers s´ètaient alliés avec les autres[428]Guirondet, in his 1872 study of the family, highlights that the arms of the two families were completely different (Lautrec “de gueules, au lion d´or”; Saint-Antonin “de gueules à la croix cléchée et vidée d´or”)[429].  He notes the similarity of the Saint-Antonin shield to that of the comtes de Toulouse (“de gueules, à la croix cléchée, vidée et pommetée d´or”) and suggests a common ancestry with the Rouergue branch of the Toulouse comital family.  However, Guirondet pushes his argument too far by referring to a supposed younger son of Raymond [II] Comte de Rouergue, named Isarn, who would have been the father of the brothers Vicomte Isarn [I] and Frotard (see below) but cites no primary source which confirms the existence of this person. 

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         ISARN [I] (-after 23 Jul 1083).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  “Isarni vicecomitis Sancti Antonini, Frotardi fratris eius...” subscribed the charter dated 23 Jul 1083 which records that Guillaume IV Comte de Toulouse recognised the rights of the canons over the church of Toulouse Saint-Sernin[430]

2.         FROTARD [I] (-after 23 Jul 1083).  “Isarni vicecomitis Sancti Antonini, Frotardi fratris eius...” subscribed the charter dated 23 Jul 1083 which records that Guillaume IV Comte de Toulouse recognised the rights of the canons over the church of Toulouse Saint-Sernin[431]

 

 

Three brothers, parents not known, presumably descended in some way from Vicomte Isarn [I] or his brother. 

1.         ISARN [II] (-after Jun 1155).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  "Isarnus vicecomes et fratres eius Guillelmus Jordani et Petrus vicecomes" agreed with "Guillelmo de Fontanis et filiis suis et suis nepotibus, filiis…Umberti fratris sui" to divide their territories by charter dated Jun 1155[432]

2.         GUILLAUME JORDAN (-after Jun 1155).  "Isarnus vicecomes et fratres eius Guillelmus Jordani et Petrus vicecomes" agreed with "Guillelmo de Fontanis et filiis suis et suis nepotibus, filiis…Umberti fratris sui" to divide their territories by charter dated Jun 1155[433]

3.         PIERRE (-after Jun 1155).  Vicomte.  "Isarnus vicecomes et fratres eius Guillelmus Jordani et Petrus vicecomes" agreed with "Guillelmo de Fontanis et filiis suis et suis nepotibus, filiis…Umberti fratris sui" to divide their territories by charter dated Jun 1155[434]

 

 

1.         ISARN [III] (-after Feb 1197).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  "Isarnz lo vescoms de S. Antoni" ratified past acquisitions in his lands by the Templars at Vaour {Tarn} by charter dated May 1182[435].  "...Isarni vicecomitis Sancti Anthonini..." witnessed the charter dated to [1190] under which "R. comes Tolosæ dux Narbonæ marchio Provinciæ" and others donated property to Candeil abbey[436]Guirondet states that Vicomte Isarn sold land near the stream of Bonnette to the inhabitants of Saint-Antonin by charter dated Feb 1197[437]

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         FROTARD [II] (-after Feb 1198).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  "Frotardz lo vescoms de Saint Antoni et Sicariz sos fraire" ratified past acquisitions by the Templars at Vaour {Tarn} by charter dated Apr 1182[438].  "...Forto vicecomite Sancti Antonini" witnessed the charter dated to [1186] under which "Ricardus comes Pictavensis filius regis Anglie" granted protection to Candeil abbey[439]Guirondet states that Vicomte Frotard and his wife Bertrande sold rights in the castle of Caussade to Rather de Caussade (“son fils”) by charter dated Feb 1197 (O.S.)[440]Frotardum vicecomitem S. Antonini, Biertrandam uxorem eius et Izarndum eorum filium" sold their interest in "castro de Causada" to "Raterio de Causada, filio Raterii vicecomitis" by charter dated 2 Jul 1198[441]m as her second husband, BERTRANDE, widow of RATHER Vicomte de Caussade, daughter of --- (-after 2 Jul 1198).  Guirondet states that Vicomte Frotard and his wife Bertrande [de Caussade] sold rights in the castle of Caussade to Ratier de Caussade (“son fils”) by charter dated Feb 1197 (O.S.)[442]Frotardum vicecomitem S. Antonini, Biertrandam uxorem eius et Izarndum eorum filium" sold their interest in "castro de Causada" to "Raterio de Causada, filio Raterii vicecomitis" by charter dated 2 Jul 1198[443].  Frotard & his wife had two children: 

a)         ISARN [IV] (-after Mar 1246).  “Frotardum vicecomitem S. Antonini, Biertrandam uxorem eius et Izarndum eorum filium" sold their interest in "castro de Causada" to "Raterio de Causada, filio Raterii vicecomitis" by charter dated 2 Jul 1198[444]Vicomte de Saint-AntoninGuirondet states that [Vicomte] Isarn transferred rights to the inhabitants of Saint-Antonin and Louis IX King of France by charter dated Mar 1246[445]

b)         BERNARD HUGUES (-after Mar 1250).  Vicomte de Saint-AntoninGuirondet states that Bernard Hugues “dernier vicomte de Saint-Antonin” transferred rights which he held “par la succession de feu Frotard son père sur la ville de Saint-Antonin, sur le château de Bonne et sur la ville de Saint-Cyr” to the inhabitants of Saint-Antonin and Louis IX King of France by charter dated Mar 1250[446]

2.         SICARD (-after Dec 1184).  "Frotardz lo vescoms de Saint Antoni et Sicariz sos fraire" ratified past acquisitions by the Templars at Vaour {Tarn} by charter dated Apr 1182[447]Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  "Sicardus vicecomes" ratified past acquisitions by the Templars at Vaour {Tarn} by charter dated Dec 1184[448]

 

 

1.         PONS (-after 1212).  Vicomte de Saint-Antonin.  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc records that in 1212 the bishop of Albi, leading part of the army of Simon de Montfort, besieged Saint-Antonin until the castle was delivered by "Pons vicomte de Saint-Antonin" who was imprisoned at Carcassonne, the government of Saint-Antonin being granted to Baudouin de Toulouse, brother of Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse[449].  This episode is recorded in an anonymous chronicle relating the war of the Albigeois[450]

 

 

 

H.      VICOMTES de TOULOUSE

 

 

Vicomtes de Toulouse are recorded from the late 9th/early 10th century.  No definite information has been found which indicates the precise role of the vicomte in the county, in particular whether his authority (presumably limited mainly to judicial matters, as representative of the comte de Toulouse) was limited to the town of Toulouse itself or extended to the whole geographical area of the county.  It is not possible, on the basis of the surviving documentation, to reconstruct a list of succeeding vicomtes de Toulouse.  In particular, there is a gap of about a century between Adémar [I] (mid-10th century) and Adémar [II] (mid-11th century) during which no reference has been found to any vicomte de Toulouse.  No further mention of any vicomte de Toulouse has been found after the death of Adémar [II], dated to [1098]. 

 

 

1.         --- .  [Vicomte de Toulouse].  m AVIGERNA, daughter of GERARD Comte de Limoges & his wife Adaltrude --- (-after [894/909]).  The Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis records that "Raimundum…comitem filium…Odonis" captured "nepotem domni Geraldi…Benedictum, Tolosæ…vicecomitem" and that "Geraldus…cum sorore sua Avigerna" requested his release[451]Two children: 

a)         BENOIT (-[before 13 Oct 909]).  The Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis records that "Raimundum…comitem filium…Odonis" captured "nepotem domni Geraldi…Benedictum, Tolosæ…vicecomitem" and that "Geraldus…cum sorore sua Avigerna" requested his release[452].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates the event to [894/909], the earlier date being when the monastery of Aurillac was founded and the latter the date of death of Benoît´s maternal uncle[453]Vicomte de ToulouseThe Histoire Générale de Languedoc suggests that Benoît predeceased his maternal uncle as he is not named in the latter´s testament[454]

b)         RENAUD (-after 13 Oct 909).  The Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis records that "Rainaldus…frater ipsius" offered himself as a hostage after "nepotem domni Geraldi…Benedictum, Tolosæ…vicecomitem" was captured[455].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc states that Renaud was appointed heir in the testament of his maternal uncle Gérard Comte d´Aurillac[456]

 

2.         ADEMAR [I] (-after 961).  Vicomte de Toulouse.  The testament of "Raymundus comes" is dated 961, bequeathed property "alode de Laugiago…Fessago…Campoguidano…Valencio" to "Ademario vicecomite Tolosano"[457]

 

 

Four brothers, parents not known: 

1.         ARMAND (-after Sep 1083).  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[458]Vicomte [de Toulouse].  A charter dated Feb [1080] records the same donation by "Armandus et Ademarus vicecomites" and adds that "uxoris suæ et filiorum suorum" (referring to Adémar) gave advice[459].  “Artmannus et Ademarius vicecomites” founded a chapel “in Caturcensi pago in territorio subtus ipsum Brunechildum castrum, inter fulima Veræ et Avarionis” by charter dated Sep 1083[460]

2.         ADEMAR [II] ([1025/30]-after Jul 1098)Vicomte [de Toulouse].  His birth date is estimated on the assumption that he was already vicomte in [1050], and presumably an adult at that time.  The reasoning is based on his testament, dated to [1098] and quoted below, which refers to property usurped from Moissac abbey and from which he obtained revenue from Willelmo episcopo seniori meo”, who is identified as Guillaume Bishop of Cahors (named as such between 1028 and 1052) by the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[461].  Given the dating of the document, which is reasonably robust, it is likely that the usurpation took place during the later part of the bishop´s tenure.  Ademaro vicecomiti...” subscribed the charter dated Mar 1067 under which “Wm comes” donated “ecclesiam...in pago Tolosano in terminio de Villa Longa...in honore Sancti Georgii martiris” to Toulouse Saint-Sernin[462].  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[463].  A charter dated Feb [1080] records the same donation by "Armandus et Ademarus vicecomites" and adds that "uxoris suæ et filiorum suorum" (referring to Adémar) gave advice[464].  "Guillelmus Tolonanensium, Albensium seu Caturcensium, Lutevensium, Petragorensium, Carcassonensium, Aginnensium necne Astarachensium comes et dux…cum uxore mea…Emma" confirmed donations by "proavuo…meo Pontio Aquitanorum duce" to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated 16 Jun 1080, signed by "…Ademari vicecomitis…"[465].  “Artmannus et Ademarius vicecomites” founded a chapel “in Caturcensi pago in territorio subtus ipsum Brunechildum castrum, inter flumina Veræ et Avarionis” by charter dated Sep 1083[466]Vicomte de Bruniquel: Ademarus vicecomes de Bruniquel” settled a dispute concerning “eclesia de Tauro et de alio honore Sancti Saturnini” by undated charter[467].  The Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates this charter to [1061/97] because of the presence of Raymond Ebon Bishop of Lectoure and concludes "ce qui prouve évidemment qu´Adhémar III vicomte de Toulouse prenait aussi le titre de vicomte de Bruniquel", highlighting that "il possédait le domaine de ce château avec son frère Armand" as demonstrated by the charter dated Sep 1083 (quoted above) under which he founded a priory “auprès du château de Bruniquel[468]Wm comes Pictavensis et uxor mea Philippia” donated “villam...Sancti Petri de Blaniaco” to Toulouse Saint-Sernin, in the presence of “Bernardis vicecomitis Biterrensis et Ademari vicecomitis Tolosani”, by charter dated Jul 1098[469]The testament of "Ademarus vicecomes Tolosanus", undated but dated to [1098], records that he had usurped “alodem...de Majuse” from Moissac abbey, that it had brought him revenue from “Willelmo episcopo seniori meo et postea de Gausberto abbate”, and that subsequently he had donated half this revenue to “Duranni tunc temporis ipsius loci abbatis”, referring also to "filii mei"[470]m ---.  The name of Adémar´s wife is not known.  A charter dated to [1090] refers to a donation by "Guillelma la viscomtessa" to "san Salvador"[471], but it is not clear whether this refers to the wife/widow of Vicomte Adémar.  Adémar [II] & his wife had two or more children:

a)         [GUILLAUME"Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[472].  The identity of Guillaume´s father is unclear from this passage.  The word "eius" could apply either to Ademar or to Raymond Adémar, although the former appears more likely.] 

b)         children .  The testament of "Ademarus vicecomes Tolosanus", dated to [1098], refers to "filii mei"[473]

3.         PONS (-after 1074).  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[474]

4.         RAYMOND ADEMAR (-after 1074).  "Artmannus et frater meus vicecomes Ademarus necnon et Pontius" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini…in pago Caturcino…in loco…Siurag" to the monastery of Moissac by charter dated 1074, subscribed by "Ademari vicecomitis, Artmanni fratris eius, Pontii fratris eorum, Raymundi-Ademarii fratris eorum, Willelmi filii eius"[475]

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    COMTES de QUERCY

 

 

A.      COMTES de QUERCY

 

 

The early history of the county of Quercy is obscure.  The county was granted to Raymond, future comte de Toulouse, by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks in 849.  Its subsequent history is unclear.  It is assumed that it was transmitted, with the county of Toulouse, to Raymond´s son Odon and to Odon´s son Comte Raymond II, but the primary sources which confirm that this assumption is correct have not yet been identified.  Some time in the 940s, it appears that the county was held by Hugues, son of Ermengaud Comte de Rouergue (probable younger son of Odon Comte de Toulouse), although the corresponding primary source has not yet been identified either.  During the later part of the 10th century, the county of Quercy appears to have been reunited with the county of Toulouse, although the precise process by which this occurred has not been ascertained.  No further mention of the county of Quercy has been found in primary sources until a charter dated to [1006] which records the council of the archiepiscopal provinces of Narbonne and Auch held by "Raimundus episcopus Tolosanus et Guillelmus comes Albiensium ac Caturcensium et Tolosanorum" at Toulouse[476], referring to Guillaume III "Taillefer" Comte de Toulouse.  See the document TOULOUSE, KINGS, DUKES & COUNTS for further details of the comtes de Toulouse. 

 

 

 

1.         RAYMOND, son of Comte FOUCAUD & his wife Sénégonde --- ([815/20]-before 17 Apr 865).  "Raymundus…comes et marchio et uxor mea Berteyz" founded the abbey of Vabres for the souls of "genitoris nostri Fulgualdi et…genetrice mea Senegundi et…germano meo Fredolone quondam" by charter dated 3 Nov 862, which names "Bernardum filium nostrum…Fulgualdus filius noster…Odo filius noster" (all three of whom also subscribed the document), subscribed by "…Begonis vicecomitis…"[477]He was appointed Comte de Rouergue et Comte de Quercy in 849 by Charles “le Chauve” King of France, in recognition for his help in fighting Pippin II King of Italy.  He succeeded in 855 as RAYMOND I Comte et Marquis de Toulouse.  Comte Raymond I & his wife had [six] children: 

a)         ODON [Odonus/Eudes] (-after 16 Jun 918).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 3 Nov 862 under which "Raymundus…comes et marchio et uxor mea Berteyz" founded the abbey of Vabres, naming "Bernardum filium nostrum…Fulgualdus filius noster…Odo filius noster" (all three of whom also subscribed the document)[478]He succeeded as ODON Comte de Toulouse

i)          RAYMOND de Toulouse (-[923/24]).  His parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 16 Jun 918, which records an audience at Ausonne in the diocesis of Carcassonnne held by "Aridemandus episcopus sedis Tolosæ civitatis...missus advocatus Raymundo comite Tolosæ civitatis et marchio" with the consent of "Odone comite genitore suo"[479]He succeeded his father in [918] as RAYMOND II Comte de Toulouse

-         COMTES de TOULOUSE

ii)         [ERMENGAUD (-after [Jul 935]).  There is no primary source which directly proves that Ermengaud was the son of Odon Comte de Toulouse.  However, two documents suggest that this affiliation is probably correct.  Catel records a donation by "Deda religieuse" "tant pour elle que pour le comte Ermengaud et Adelays sa femme et ses enfants, que pour le comte Pons", by charter dated to [930][480]Flodoard records that "Ragemundus et Ermingaudus, principes Gothiæ" swore allegiance to Raoul King of France in 932[481].  Comte de Rouergue.] 

-         COMTES de ROUERGUE

b)         other children:  see TOULOUSE

 

 

HUGUES de Rouergue, son of ERMENGAUD Comte de Rouergue & his wife Adelais --- (-[after 972]).  "Ermengaudus comes et filius suus Regimundus et Rainus vicecomes et vicarius" donated property "in pago Ruthenico in ministerio Curiense in villa…Seviniaco" to Vabres by charter dated Jan [934], subscribed by "…Ugone filio Ermengaudo, Bernardo vicecomite, Ildoino, Adalone"[482]Comte [de Quercy].  "…Domni Pontii ducis Aquitanorum et comitis Tolosani, Guarsindis uxoris eius, Hugonis comitis, Arnaudi vicecomitis, Sicardi vicecomitis, Atonis, Pontii" signed the charter dated Aug 940 under which Aimery Archbishop of Narbonne and Rodoald Bishop of Béziers donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières[483]"Atto…vicecomes" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières, on the advice of "uxoris meæ", for the souls of "patris mei Bernardi et matris meæ" by charter dated Apr 942, subscribed by "Frotarius episcopus, Bernardus, Hugonis comitis, Dagberga…"[484].  The testament of "Gersindæ comitissæ", dated to [972], bequeathed property for life "ecclesiam…Sancti Symphoriani cum alode…Cabannes excepto Dauker" to "Ugoni comiti nepoti meo"[485].  No Comte Hugues has been identified at the time except for the brother of Raymond [I] Comte de Rouergue, although no other indication has yet been found that he was still alive at the date of this testament.  If the co-identity is correct, the precise relationship between him and Gersendis Ctss de Toulouse has not yet been ascertained.  Vicomte de Comborn. 

m ---.  The name of Hugues´s wife is not known. 

Hugues & his wife had [two] children: 

1.         [ARCHAMBAUD "Camba-Putrida/Jambe-Pourrie" (-[1000] or after).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[486], Archambaud Vicomte de Comborn was the possible son of Hugues Comte de Quercy, Vicomte de Comborn, presumably based on his succession to his supposed father at Comborn.  Vicomte de Comborn 962.

-        VICOMTES de COMBORN.] 

2.         BERNARD .  The Vita Sancti Abbonis names "Bernardum pater Hugo" when recording his appointment as abbé de Solignac[487]

 

 

 

B.      VICOMTES de CAHORS

 

 

A single reference to a vicomte de Cahors has been found dated to 932.  No other information has been found on the earlier or subsequent history of the vicomté

 

1.         ODALRIC (-before Mar 932).  m BELETRUDE, daughter of --- (-after Mar 932).  "Frotardus vicecomes Caturcorum civitatis…et coniux mea Adalberga" donated property "in comitatu Caturcino in vicaria Casliacense in villa…Mercurio" to "monasterium…Belluslocus", with the advice of "Raimundo comiti senioris nostri", for the soul of "Odolrici patris mei" and for the salvation of "Beledrudi genitricis meæ", by charter dated Mar 932[488].  Odalric & his wife had two children: 

a)         FROTARD (-after Mar 932).  Vicomte de Cahors"Frotardus vicecomes Caturcorum civitatis…et coniux mea Adalberga" donated property "in comitatu Caturcino in vicaria Casliacense in villa…Mercurio" to "monasterium…Belluslocus", with the advice of "Raimundo comiti senioris nostri", for the soul of "Odolrici patris mei" and for the salvation of "Beledrudi genitricis meæ", by charter dated Mar 932[489]m ADALBERGE, daughter of ---.  "Frotardus vicecomes Caturcorum civitatis…et coniux mea Adalberga" donated property "in comitatu Caturcino in vicaria Casliacense in villa…Mercurio" to "monasterium…Belluslocus", with the advice of "Raimundo comiti senioris nostri", for the soul of "Odolrici patris mei" and for the salvation of "Beledrudi genitricis meæ", by charter dated Mar 932[490]

b)         RANGARDE (-after 972).  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 972 which records that "Ranulfus" founded the monastery of Artellis in Quercy and donated property from "Beledrudis uxor mea matriRamgardi uxori meæ…Ranulpho nepoti meo filio Hugoni…Ranulpho avo meo…Geraldo et Ranulpho filiis suis"[491]m RANULF, son of GERAUD & his wife --- (-after 972). 

 

 

 



[1] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 165, col. 351. 

[2] CP VII 539 footnote e. 

[3] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, p. 321

[4] Beaulieu, X, p. 24. 

[5] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, p. 321

[6] Bullaire de Saint-Gilles, IV, p. 11. 

[7] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, CIX, p. 667, and 3rd Edn., Preuves, 201, p. 400. 

[8] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 12, col. 83. 

[9] Nîmes Notre-Dame VIII, p. 16. 

[10] Nîmes Notre-Dame IX, p. 19. 

[11] Nîmes Notre-Dame VIII, p. 16. 

[12] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, CLXIII, p. 709, and 3rd Edn., Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 43, col. 137. 

[13] Odo Cluniacensis Abbas, De Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis, Liber II, XXVIII, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 133, col. 0685D. 

[14] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome III, Liv. XI, LXXIX, p. 76. 

[15] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 142.I, col. 304. 

[16] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 142.II, col. 306. 

[17] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 21, col. 97. 

[18] Settipani (2004), p. 151. 

[19] Settipani (2004), p. 158. 

[20] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 43, col. 137. 

[21] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 77, col. 190. 

[22] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 568.II, col. 1090. 

[23] Settipani (2004), p. 158. 

[24] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 121, col. 267. 

[25] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 568.II, col. 1090. 

[26] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 568.II, col. 1090. 

[27] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 100, col. 224. 

[28] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 121, col. 267. 

[29] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 100, col. 224. 

[30] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 568.II, col. 1090. 

[31] Fondations concernant la maison de Roquefeuil, AD30 - 1E1884/2, Transcription by Ludovic Noirie 15 Nov 2011, No. 1, available at <http://ludovic-noirie.fr/genealogie/nobles/docs/AD30_1E1884_2.pdf> (21 Oct 2017). 

[32] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 100, col. 224. 

[33] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 185, col. 381. 

[34] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 154.VIII, col. 328. 

[35] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 185, col. 381. 

[36] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 187, col. 383. 

[37] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 191, col. 388. 

[38] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 568.II, col. 1090. 

[39] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 154.VIII, col. 328. 

[40] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 154.VIII, col. 328. 

[41] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 191, col. 388. 

[42] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 203, col. 411. 

[43] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 259, col. 513. 

[44] Cros-Mayrevieille Tome I (1846), Documents, LI, p. 63. 

[45] Marseille Saint-Victor, Tome II, Chartularium Minus, 825, p. 178. 

[46] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 239, col. 478. 

[47] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 259, col. 513. 

[48] Cros-Mayrevieille Tome I (1846), Documents, XLIII, p. 54. 

[49] Agde XXXIV, p. 51. 

[50] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 388, col. 734. 

[51] Conques, 565, pp. 395-6.   

[52] Grasse 154, p. 216. 

[53] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 290, col. 568. 

[54] Cros-Mayrevieille Tome I (1846), Documents, LI, p. 63. 

[55] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 424.II, col. 798. 

[56] Conques, 565, pp. 395-6. 

[57] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 154.VIII, col. 328. 

[58] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chroniques, Chronique de Nîmes, 5, col. 29. 

[59] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 185, col. 381. 

[60] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 203, col. 411. 

[61] Marseille Saint-Victor II, Chartularium Minus, 825, p. 178. 

[62] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 203, col. 411. 

[63] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 568.II, col. 1090. 

[64] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 87. 

[65] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 61. 

[66] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 87. 

[67] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.V, p. 428. 

[68] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 6. 

[69] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 89. 

[70] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 6. 

[71] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[72] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[73] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 69. 

[74] Chevalier, U. (1913) Regeste Dauphinois (Valence), Tome II, 10027, p. 700. 

[75] Wurstenberger (1858), Vol. IV, 639, p. 320. 

[76] Rieutord, M. Héraldique et Généalogie (1989), p. 87, quoting Archives départementales de l´Isère, B. 3645, information supplied by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 20 Dec 2008. 

[77] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 30. 

[78] Rieutord, M. Héraldique et Généalogie (1989), p. 384, quoting Archives départementales de l´Isère, B. 070, information supplied by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 20 Dec 2008. 

[79] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[80] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 70. 

[81] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 76. 

[82] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 74. 

[83] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[84] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 34. 

[85] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[86] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 31. 

[87] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 69, footnote (1) (no citation reference). 

[88] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 535, col. 1695. 

[89] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[90] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 31. 

[91] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[92] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 13. 

[93] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 21. 

[94] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 23. 

[95] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 29. 

[96] Rieutord, M. Héraldique et Généalogie (1989), p. 87, quoting Archives départementales de l´Isère, B. 3645, information supplied by Bert M. Kamp in a private email to the author dated 20 Dec 2008. 

[97] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 30. 

[98] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[99] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 13. 

[100] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 30. 

[101] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 126. 

[102] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[103] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 70. 

[104] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 76. 

[105] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 78. 

[106] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 87. 

[107] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 89. 

[108] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 87. 

[109] Toulouse Saint-Sernin, 133, p. 98. 

[110] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV.1, Note 33.V, p. 169. 

[111] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, p. 39. 

[112] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 290, col. 568. 

[113] Cros-Mayrevieille Tome I (1846), Documents, LI, p. 63. 

[114] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 612.I, col. 1197. 

[115] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 424.II, col. 798. 

[116] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 471.II, col. 884. 

[117] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 543.III, col. 1036. 

[118] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 612.I, col. 1197. 

[119] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 612.I, col. 1197. 

[120] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 612.II, col. 1198. 

[121] La Croix (1626), p. 74. 

[122] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 612.I, col. 1197. 

[123] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 612.II, col. 1198. 

[124] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, XLV, p. 46. 

[125] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV.1, Note 33.VII 5, pp. 170-1. 

[126] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.II, col. 606. 

[127] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, XLV, p. 46. 

[128] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV.1, Note 33.VII 5, p. 171. 

[129] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 471.II, col. 884. 

[130] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 424.I, col. 798. 

[131] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 424.II, col. 798. 

[132] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 424.I, col. 797. 

[133] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 424.II, col. 798. 

[134] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.II, col. 606. 

[135] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV.1, Note 33.VII 5, p. 171. 

[136] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.II, col. 606. 

[137] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, XLV, p. 46. 

[138] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV.1, Note 33.VII 5, pp. 170-1. 

[139] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.II, col. 606. 

[140] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, XLV, p. 46. 

[141] Alauzier ‘Un compte de Bruniquel’ (1953), p. 358. 

[142] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, LIV, p. 571. 

[143] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CLXII, p. 667. 

[144] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CXXI, p. 630. 

[145] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 415, col. 1262. 

[146] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 32, no citation reference. 

[147] Alauzier ‘Une assignation de revenus en Quercy et Périgord 1287’ (1964), p. 550. 

[148] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 32, no citation reference. 

[149] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), pp. 30-1, citing “Document épars Série 1”. 

[150] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 33, no citation reference. 

[151] Alauzier ‘Un compte de Bruniquel’ (1953), p. 358. 

[152] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 33, no citation reference. 

[153] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[154] Père Anselme, Tome IX, p. 383. 

[155] Monlezun Histoire de Gascogne, Tome VI, p. 318, citing Baluze, E. (1693) Vitæ paparum avenionensium (Paris) Vol. II, pièce LXX, col. 462. 

[156] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[157] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[158] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[159] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 41. 

[160] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[161] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[162] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 38, no citation reference. 

[163] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[164] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[165] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 643. 

[166] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 41. 

[167] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), pp. 134-5, no citation reference. 

[168] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 136, no citation reference. 

[169] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 38, no citation reference. 

[170] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[171] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[172] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[173] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 41, no citation reference. 

[174] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[175] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), pp. 134-5, no citation reference. 

[176] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 33, no citation reference. 

[177] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 35, no citation reference. 

[178] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[179] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 33, no citation reference. 

[180] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[181] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 136, no citation reference. 

[182] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 33, no citation reference. 

[183] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[184] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 33, no citation reference. 

[185] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[186] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 33, no citation reference. 

[187] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[188] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 535, col. 1695. 

[189] Jugement Sévérac 14 Aug 1508, fo. 304r. 

[190] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), pp. 133, and 138 footnote (9), citing “Inventaire des Archives d’Armagnac: fait en 1501: Arch. dép. du T.-et-G., A. 319, fo. 173 et 153, A 320 fo. 198 et 175, et Bibl. Nat. Fr. 18.958, fo. 246 et 218”. 

[191] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), pp. 133, and 138 footnote (9), citing “Inventaire des Archives d’Armagnac: fait en 1501: Arch. dép. du T.-et-G., A. 319, fo. 173 et 153, A 320 fo. 198 et 175, et Bibl. Nat. Fr. 18.958, fo. 246 et 218”. 

[192] Documens Historiques du Rouergue (1853), Tome I, pp. 477-8. 

[193] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), pp. 28-9, citing “Document épars Série 1”. 

[194] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 225. 

[195] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 225. 

[196] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[197] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[198] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 36, no citation reference. 

[199] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), p. 134. 

[200] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), pp. 134, and 138 footnote (23), citing “Uzès [referring to “l’inventaire du chartrier d’Uzès, fait par les Archives Nationales”], 265 AP 19, no. 815 bis, fo. 259”. 

[201] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), p. 134. 

[202] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), p. 134. 

[203] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), pp. 134, and 138 footnote (24), citing “Arch. du Vatican, Reg. Aven. 29, fo. 437, et Reg. Vat. 55, ep. 604, fo. 214, cf. Mollat, Lettres communes de Jean XXII, no. 40.200”. 

[204] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), pp. 134, and 138 footnote (27), citing “Uzès [“l’inventaire du chartrier d’Uzès, fait par les Archives Nationales”], 265 AP 19, no. 163, fo. 47”. 

[205] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), pp. 134, and 138 footnote (26), citing “Arch. dép. du Lot, F311, “d’après un original, sans référence”. 

[206] Alauzier ‘Seigneurs d’Assier’ (1975), pp. 134, and 138 footnote (28). 

[207] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 147, no citation reference. 

[208] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 148, no citation reference. 

[209] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 151, no citation reference. 

[210] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 149, no citation reference. 

[211] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 153, no citation reference. 

[212] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 155, no citation reference. 

[213] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 151, no citation reference. 

[214] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 155, no citation reference. 

[215] Père Anselme, Tome II, pp. 646-7, and Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), pp. 155-61, 215-23. 

[216] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 150, no citation reference. 

[217] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 143. 

[218] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 144, no citation reference. 

[219] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 145, no citation reference. 

[220] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 146, no citation reference. 

[221] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 137, no citation reference. 

[222] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 229, no citation reference. 

[223] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 230, no citation reference. 

[224] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 230, no citation reference. 

[225] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 230, no citation reference. 

[226] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), p. 230, no citation reference. 

[227] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), pp. 233-42. 

[228] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1194, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 

[229] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVII, p. 62. 

[230] Notre-Dame des Vaux de Cernay, Tome I, p. 71, footnote 1, quoting Archives du dép. d´Eure-et-Loir, fonds du grand séminaire. 

[231] Paris St Martin-des-Champs, III, 579, p. 182. 

[232] William of Tyre (Continuator),  XXVIII.IV, p. 255. 

[233] Villehardouin, 6, p. 54. 

[234] William of Tyre (Continuator) XXVIII.XII, p. 263. 

[235] Ernoul, 32, p. 360. 

[236] Petri Monachi Cœnobii Vallium Cernaii Historia Albigensium, LX, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 213, col. 0627C. 

[237] Röhricht (1893) (Supplement) 886b, p. 58. 

[238] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Haute-Bruyère, p. 224.       

[239] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933. 

[240] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVII, p. 62. 

[241] Ernoul 32, p. 360. 

[242] Röhricht (Supplement) 886b, p. 58. 

[243] Porrois (Port-Royal), LXXVIII, p. 94. 

[244] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVII, p. 62. 

[245] Porrois (Port-Royal) LXXVIII, p. 94. 

[246] Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 460. 

[247] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 222. 

[248] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 230. 

[249] Rüdt-Collenberg (1963), Table I, after p. 48. 

[250] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 329. 

[251] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 333.  

[252] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLIII, p. 107. 

[253] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVI, p. 61, CC.LXXXXI, p. 66, and Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLIII, p. 107. 

[254] Philippe de Novare, p. 90. 

[255] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLIII, p. 107. 

[256] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVII, p. 62. 

[257] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVII, p. 62. 

[258] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLIII, p. 107. 

[259] Merlet ´Procès pour la possession du comté de Bigorre (1254-1503)´ (1857), Pièces Justificatives, VI, p. 316, quoting Cartulaire de Bigorre, ch. 16. 

[260] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 534, col. 1694. 

[261] RHGF XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 744. 

[262] RHGF XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 744. 

[263] Notre-Dame de la Roche, Notes Historiques et Généalogiques sur les Seigneurs de Lévis, Pièces Justificatives, 25, p. 458. 

[264] RHGF XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 745. 

[265] Cluny, Tome VI, 5295, p. 719. 

[266] State Archives, volume 102, page 14.2, fascicule 1. 

[267] State Archives, volume 104, pages 33 and 34, fascicules 20.1 and 20.2, and La Mure (1675, 1860), Tome III, Preuves, 81, p. 73. 

[268] Notre-Dame de la Roche 25, p. 25. 

[269] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLIII, p. 107. 

[270] Notre-Dame de la Roche, Notes Historiques, Pièces Justificatives, 25, p. 458. 

[271] RHGF XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 745. 

[272] Minieri Riccio (1872), II, p. 174. 

[273] Donet-D´Arcq (1855), p. 122. 

[274] Minieri Riccio (1872), p. 171, footnote (37) citing Reg. 1304 C. n. 135 fol. 45 t. R. 1303, 1304 B. n. 132 fol. 349 t. Reg. 1304, 1305 A. n. 139 fol. 45 [not consulted]. 

[275] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 523. 

[276] Notre-Dame de la Roche, Notes Historiques, Pièces Justificatives, 25, p. 458. 

[277] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 523. 

[278] Notre-Dame de la Roche, Notes Historiques, Pièces Justificatives, 25, p. 458. 

[279] RHGF XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 745. 

[280] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.2, Abbaye de Port-Royal, p. 640. 

[281] RHGF XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 745. 

[282] Minieri Riccio (1872), II, p. 174. 

[283] Père Anselme, Tome II, pp. 350-1. 

[284] Olhagaray (1609), p. 264. 

[285] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VII, p. 55, quoting Louvet, P. Histoire de Guienne, I, 2, p. 31 [not yet consulted]. 

[286] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VII, p. 58. 

[287] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 373

[288] Jolibois ‘Histoire du Pays d´Albigeois’, Chap. XXII, (1887), p. 4, footnote (1). 

[289] Magné and Dizel (1992), pp. 196 and 335 footnote (1431). 

[290] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), pp. 370 and 378, quoting Archives Départementales des Pyrenées-Atlantiques, E491, f 22v. 

[291] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), pp. 370-1. 

[292] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 371, citing Tucoo-Chala (1981), pp. 22-3 and 337 [not yet consulted]. 

[293] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 352.  The text of the contract is reproduced in Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 523. 

[294] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 372. 

[295] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 126, col. 274. 

[296] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 139, col. 301. 

[297] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 142.II, col. 306. 

[298] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 139, col. 301. 

[299] Jolibois ‘Les vicomtes de Lautrec’ (1889), p. 158. 

[300] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 148, col. 312. 

[301] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 215, col. 433. 

[302] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 215, col. 433. 

[303] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 215, col. 433. 

[304] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, X, p. 5. 

[305] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, X, p. 5. 

[306] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 447.II, col. 837. 

[307] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 447.II, col. 837. 

[308] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 447.II, col. 837. 

[309] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 447.II, col. 837. 

[310] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, p. 710. 

[311] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CXI, p. 434. 

[312] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CXII, p. 435. 

[313] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXVII, p. 490. 

[314] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CL, p. 468. 

[315] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXVIII, p. 486. 

[316] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXIV, p. 489. 

[317] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXVII, p. 490. 

[318] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXVIII, p. 486. 

[319] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXVII, p. 490. 

[320] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXVII, p. 490. 

[321] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, p. 533. 

[322] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VII, Notes, XVIII.IV, p. 57. 

[323] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 377, citing Brunel, C. (1926) Les plus anciennes chartes en langue provençale (Paris), no. 322 [not yet consulted]. 

[324] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, LVII, p. 575. 

[325] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VII, p. 58. 

[326] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 373

[327] Jolibois ‘Histoire du Pays d´Albigeois’, Chap. XXII (1887), p. 4, footnote (1). 

[328] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXVII, p. 490. 

[329] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXVII, p. 490. 

[330] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV, pp. 353 and 429. 

[331] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XL, p. 559. 

[332] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XL, p. 559. 

[333] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XL, p. 559. 

[334] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XL, p. 559. 

[335] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XL, p. 559. 

[336] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XL, p. 559. 

[337] Magné & Dizel (1992), pp. 47 and 196. 

[338] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), pp. 370 and 378, quoting Archives Départementales des Pyrenées-Atlantiques, E491, f 22v. 

[339] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CXXI, p. 630. 

[340] Boutaric (1863), Tome I, 670, p. 61. 

[341] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 378. 

[342] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, "Chronique tirée d´un manuscrit de MM. Sabbathier de la Bourgade, de Toulouse", p. 528. 

[343] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.IV, p. 428, citing Archiv. du dom. de Montpellier, Lautrec, no. 14. 

[344] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473, col. 1432. 

[345] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473.II, col. 1434. 

[346] Boutaric (1863), Tome I, 670, p. 61. 

[347] ES XIV 4. 

[348] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473.II, col. 1434. 

[349] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 464.VIII, col. 1407. 

[350] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 378. 

[351] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.IV, p. 428, citing Archiv. du dom. de Montpellier, Lautrec, no. 14. 

[352] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473, col. 1432. 

[353] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473.II, col. 1434. 

[354] Alfonse de Poitou Correspondance, Tome I, 305 and 354, pp. 188 and 220. 

[355] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 353 (no citation reference). 

[356] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 353 (no citation reference). 

[357] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 353 (no citation reference). 

[358] Jolibois ‘Les vicomtes de Lautrec’ (1888/89), p. 163. 

[359] Père Anselme, Tome V, p. 891. 

[360] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 353 (no citation reference). 

[361] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 353 (no citation reference). 

[362] Père Anselme, Tome II, pp. 367-71. 

[363] Bourdès ‘Bruniquel de Quercy’ (1913), pp. 134-5, no citation reference. 

[364] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 353 (no citation reference). 

[365] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 378. 

[366] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.IV, p. 428, citing Archiv. du dom. de Montpellier, Lautrec, no. 14. 

[367] Alfonse de Poitou Correspondance Tome I, 344, p. 214. 

[368] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 352, citing “Archives du domaine de Montpellier” (no precise citation reference). 

[369] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.IV, p. 428, citing Archiv. du dom. de Montpellier, Lautrec, no. 14. 

[370] Alfonse de Poitou Correspondance Tome I, 248, p. 156. 

[371] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 378. 

[372] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.IV, p. 428, citing Archiv. du dom. de Montpellier, Lautrec, no. 14. 

[373] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473, col. 1432. 

[374] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473.II, col. 1434. 

[375] Alfonse de Poitou Correspondance Tome I, 305 and 354, pp. 188 and 220. 

[376] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 464.VIII, col. 1407. 

[377] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 34. 

[378] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 61. 

[379] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 139. 

[380] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 73. 

[381] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 79. 

[382] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 83. 

[383] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 85. 

[384] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 73. 

[385] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 153. 

[386] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 133. 

[387] Barrois (2004), footnote 86, citing Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 237, Inventaire des archives de la maison d´Armagnac deposes dans la tour du château de Vic-Fezensac, fol. 102, no. 344.   

[388] Barrois (2004), footnote 92, citing Huillard-Bréholles, M. (1866-67) Titres de la maison ducale de Bourbon (Paris), Vol. I, p. 297.   

[389] Monlezun Histoire de Gascogne, Tome VI, p. 318, citing Baluze (1693) Vol. II, pièce LXX, col. 462. 

[390] Cabié & Mazens (1882), pp. 134, 137. 

[391] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 138. 

[392] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 79. 

[393] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 378. 

[394] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.IV, p. 428, citing Archiv. du dom. de Montpellier, Lautrec, no. 14. 

[395] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473, col. 1432. 

[396] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 464.VIII, col. 1407. 

[397] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 74. 

[398] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[399] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 34. 

[400] Cabié & Mazens (1882), p. 139. 

[401] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 75. 

[402] Compayre ‘Sicard d’Alaman’ (1880), p. 69. 

[403] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.IV, p. 428, citing Archiv. du dom. de Montpellier, Lautrec, no. 14. 

[404] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 473, col. 1432. 

[405] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 378. 

[406] Zalmen Ben-Nathan ‘Lautrec’ (2002), p. 379. 

[407] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, X.V, p. 428. 

[408] Justel (1645) Turenne, Preuves, p. 145. 

[409] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, "Chronique tirée d´un manuscrit de MM. Sabbathier de la Bourgade, de Toulouse", p. 529. 

[410] Jolibois ‘Les vicomtes de Lautrec’ (1888/89), p. 166. 

[411] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, "Chronique tirée d´un manuscrit de MM. Sabbathier de la Bourgade, de Toulouse", p. 530. 

[412] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 364. 

[413] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 364. 

[414] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 364. 

[415] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 364 (no citation references to these documents). 

[416] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 365 (no citation references to these documents). 

[417] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 365 (no citation reference). 

[418] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 365 (no citation reference). 

[419] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 365. 

[420] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 25. 

[421] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 366 (no citation reference). 

[422] Justel (1645) (Turenne), Preuves, p. 145. 

[423] Justel (1645) (Turenne), Preuves, p. 145. 

[424] Justel (1645) (Turenne), Preuves, p. 141. 

[425] Justel (1645) (Turenne), Preuves, p. 141. 

[426] Justel (1645) (Turenne), Preuves, p. 145. 

[427] Justel (1645) (Turenne), Preuves, p. 145. 

[428] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome III, p. 440. 

[429] Guirondet ‘Saint-Antonin’ (1872), p. 193. 

[430] Toulouse Saint-Sernin, 290, p. 204. 

[431] Toulouse Saint-Sernin, 290, p. 204.  

[432] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 605, col. 1182. 

[433] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 605, col. 1182. 

[434] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 605, col. 1182. 

[435] Vaour Templiers, LXII, p. 48. 

[436] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, 71, col. 404. 

[437] Guirondet ‘Saint-Antonin’ (1872), p. 202. 

[438] Vaour Templiers, LIX, p. 45. 

[439] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, 60, col. 388. 

[440] Guirondet ‘Saint-Antonin’ (1872), p. 202. 

[441] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 476, p. 196. 

[442] Guirondet ‘Saint-Antonin’ (1872), p. 202. 

[443] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 476, p. 196. 

[444] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes I, 476, p. 196. 

[445] Guirondet ‘Saint-Antonin’ (1872), p. 205. 

[446] Guirondet ‘Saint-Antonin’ (1872), p. 206. 

[447] Vaour Templiers, LIX, p. 45. 

[448] Vaour Templiers, LXXXVII, p. 72. 

[449] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VI, XXIV, p. 386. 

[450] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, 1, col. 84. 

[451] Odo Cluniacensis Abbas, De Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis, Liber II, XXVIII, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 133, col. 0685D. 

[452] Odo Cluniacensis Abbas, De Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis, Liber II, XXVIII, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 133, col. 0685D. 

[453] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome III, Liv. XI, LXXIX, p. 76. 

[454] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome III, Liv. XI, LXXIX, p. 76. 

[455] Odo Cluniacensis Abbas, De Vita Sancti Geraldi Aureliacensis Comitis, Liber II, XXVIII, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 133, col. 0685D. 

[456] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome III, Liv. XI, LXXIX, p. 76, citing Duchesne Not. in vit. S. Geraldi, p. 34 (not yet consulted). 

[457] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 111, col. 240. 

[458] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.I, col. 604. 

[459] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.II, col. 605. 

[460] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, p. 39. 

[461] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV.1, Note 33.II, III, p. 169. 

[462] Toulouse Saint-Sernin, 251, p. 175. 

[463] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.I, col. 604. 

[464] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.II, col. 605. 

[465] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 336.II, col. 649. 

[466] Gallia Christiana, Tome I, Instrumenta, p. 39. 

[467] Toulouse Saint-Sernin, 133, p. 98. 

[468] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV.1, Note 33.V, p. 169. 

[469] Toulouse Saint-Sernin, 291, p. 206. 

[470] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 402, col. 758. 

[471] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.II, col. 606. 

[472] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.I, col. 604. 

[473] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 402, col. 758. 

[474] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.I, col. 604. 

[475] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 311.I, col. 604. 

[476] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 165, col. 351. 

[477] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, LXXXVII, p. 652, and 3rd Edn., Preuves, 160, p. 329.  

[478] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, LXXXVII, p. 652, and 3rd Edn., Preuves, 160, p. 329. 

[479] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, CLXIII, p. 709, and 3rd Edn., Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 43, col. 137. 

[480] Catel (1623), p. 85. 

[481] Flodoardi Annales 932, MGH SS II, p. 381. 

[482] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 59, col. 163. 

[483] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 74, col. 185. 

[484] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 77, col. 190. 

[485] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 126, col. 274. 

[486] ES III 765. 

[487] Abbo Floriacensis Abbas, Vita Operaque, X, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 139, 0397D. 

[488] Beaulieu, XLVIII, p. 87, and Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 55.III, col. 157. 

[489] Beaulieu, XLVIII, p. 87, and Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 55.III, col. 157. 

[490] Beaulieu, XLVIII, p. 87, and Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 55.III, col. 157. 

[491] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 122, col. 268.