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toulouse - comminges, foix

 

  v4.0 Updated 15 November 2017

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Chapter 1.                COMTES de COMMINGES. 2

A.         COMTES de COMMINGES.. 2

B.         COMTES de COMMINGES (AYDIE) 25

C.        SEIGNEURS de MONTESPAN.. 27

Chapter 2.                COMTES de FOIX. 27

A.         COMTES de FOIX (COMTES de CARCASSONNE) 27

B.         SEIGNEURS de SAVERDUN, later SEIGNEURS de RABAT. 55

C.        COMTES de FOIX (GRAILLY) 60

D.        SEIGNEURS de GRAILLY.. 73

E.         SEIGNEURS de MIREPOIX.. 78

 

 

 

The present document shows the nobility in the south-western part of the county of Toulouse, centred on the counties of Comminges and Foix. 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES de COMMINGES

 

 

The county of Comminges was originally part of the duchy/county of Gascony and covered the diocesis of the same name (except for the part included in the county of Aure) as well as the diocesis of Couserans[1].  Jaurgain traces their supposed descent from Aznar Sancho Duke of Gascony[2].  However, he reconstructs the line based mainly on patronymics and it appears to be unsupported by other primary source evidence.  If the line of descent is correct, the counts recognised the suzerainty of Raoul King of France in 932.  They were later independent until the 13th century.  Bernard V Comte de Comminges swore allegiance to Louis VIII King of France in Aug 1226, but 18 Nov 1244 recognised the suzerainty of the comte de Toulouse in respect of all his possessions in Comminges and Couserans[3]Higounet highlights[4] that the comtes de Comminges granted the title comte to younger sons, who ruled over only a small part of the county, which has complicated the reconstruction of the genealogy of the family. 

 

 

 

A.      COMTES de COMMINGES

 

 

1.         AZNAR [III], son of [LOUP Aznar [Comte de Comminges] & his wife ---] (-[940]).  Jaurgain states that "Loup Aznar comte de Comminges" was the father of "Aznar III" but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[5].  "Vicecomes…Asnarius" founded the monastery of Peyrissas, on returning from pilgrimage to Rome, and placed it under the protection of "comiti Comunensis", by charter dated to [915][6].  "Vicecomes…Asnarius" founded the monastery of Peyrissas, on returning from pilgrimage to Rome, and placed it under the protection of "comiti Comunensis", dated to [915] (by Jaurgain), as recorded in a charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075][7].  [Comte de Comminges]. 

 

 

The connection between the following family group and the comtes de Comminges has not yet been established. 

1.         BERNARD ODON (-before [1075]).  Comte [de Comminges].  A charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075], which records the foundation of the monastery of Peyrissas, states that "mortuo comite Convenarum, surrexit Bernardus-Oddo filius eius" who offered "filium suum…Rogerium" as a monk, and that the latter became abbot after the death of his father, subscribed by "Rogerii abbatis et fratrum eius comitem Raimundi-Bernardi et Bernardi patris Raimundi…"[8]m ---.  The name of Bernard Odon´s wife is not known.  Bernard Odon & his wife had two children: 

a)         RAYMOND BERNARD .  A charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075], which records the foundation of the monastery of Peyrissas, states that "mortuo comite Convenarum, surrexit Bernardus-Oddo filius eius" who offered "filium suum…Rogerium" as a monk, and that the latter became abbot after the death of his father, subscribed by "Rogerii abbatis et fratrum eius comitem Raimundi-Bernardi et Bernardi patris Raimundi…"[9]Comte [de Comminges]. 

b)         ROGER .  A charter of the abbey of Lézat dated to [1075], which records the foundation of the monastery of Peyrissas, states that "mortuo comite Convenarum, surrexit Bernardus-Oddo filius eius" who offered "filium suum…Rogerium" as a monk, and that the latter became abbot after the death of his father, subscribed by "Rogerii abbatis et fratrum eius comitem Raimundi-Bernardi et Bernardi patris Raimundi…"[10].  Abbot of Peyrissas. 

 

 

Two brothers, whose origin is unknown.  According to Jaurgain, they were sons of Aznar [III] (see above)[11]Settipani[12] highlights that the hypothesis depends on the co-identity of "Raymundus…germani mei Ludovicus, Ademarus, Garsia, Amelius, filii Enardi filii Aneri…" (who granted property to the abbey of Auch by charter dated [998][13]) with "Raymond" son of Arnaud de Comminges.  However, these supposed brothers of Raymond are not referred to in any other documents so far identified which name the sons of Arnaud de Comminges. 

 

1.         ARNAUD [I] de Comminges (-before 27 Nov 957)Comte de Comminges et de Couserans.  "Arnaldus et uxore mea Arsendis" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Apr 944, signed by "Arnaldo et uxore sua…Arsendis et filiis suis vel filias…"[14].  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[15]m ([925/35]) ARSINDE, daughter of --- ([905/20]-after [959]).  "Arnaldus et uxore mea Arsendis" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Apr 944, signed by "Arnaldo et uxore sua…Arsendis et filiis suis vel filias…"[16].  Her parentage is not known.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[17], Arsinde was the daughter of Acfred Duke of Aquitaine, Comte d'Auvergne, first cousin of Acfred [II] Comte de Carcassonne.  Settipani highlights that the obvious way of explaining the transmission of the county of Carcassonne to the family of the Comtes de Comminges is that she was Arsinde de Carcassonne, daughter of Acfred Comte de Carcassonne et de Razès Seigneur de Foix & his wife ---[18].  However, the chronology is not ideal.  As explained below (Part B), it is likely that her son Roger [I] Comte de Carcassonne was born in the later part of the date range [930/40].  If this is correct, it is likely that Arsinde married in [925/35] which would place her own birth in the range [905/20].  Another difficulty is that there is no indication who held the county of Carcassonne between the death of Comte Acfred [II] in [933] and the time when Arsinde's son Roger was comte, the date of which is uncertain but is unlikely to precede the 950s at the earliest.  In particular, no proof has yet been found that the county was inherited by Arsinde's husband, which would have been normal if his wife had been the heiress of Carcassonne.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[19], Arsinde was the daughter of Acfred Duke of Aquitaine.  The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  It is assumed that it is also speculative based on onomastics.  A third possibility is proposed by Stasser, who suggests that she was the sister of Raymond [I] Comte de Rouergue, on the grounds that it is better supported from the onomastic point of view[20]"Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[21].  "Arsindis comitissa cum filiis suis Odo et Raimundo" are named in a charter dated 957[22], which suggests that her husband had died before that date.  "Arsendes comitissa et filius meus Rodgarius comes" sold property to "Gilaberto vicario" by charter dated 29 Nov 957[23].  "Arsindis comitissa cum filiis suis Odo et Raimundo" signed a charter dated to [959] relating to their property "alode de Magrinnano et de Cugciaco…in comitatu Narbonense"[24].  Comte Arnaud & his wife had [five or more] children:

a)         ROGER de Comminges ([930/40]-after Apr 1011).  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[25].  His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he and his brother were young adolescents or older children at the date of this charter.  His date of death suggests that it is more likely that he was born in the later part of this range.  He succeeded as Comte de Carcassonne, de Razès, de Couserans et de Comminges, Seigneur de Foix.   

-        COMTES de CARCASSONNE

b)         ODO de Comminges (-before Apr 1011).  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[26].  "Arsindis comitissa cum filiis suis Odo et Raimundo" signed a charter dated to [959] relating to their property "alode de Magrinnano et de Cugciaco…in comitatu Narbonense"[27]Comte de Razès"Rogerius comes et conjux mea Adalaizis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Hilaire, including property which "frater meus Oddo comes habuit", for the soul of "fratris mei Oddoni comitis" and for "filio nostro Regimundo comite", by charter dated Apr 1011, signed by "…Bernardus et dominus Petrus…comites…"[28]

c)         RAYMOND de Comminges (-after 989).  "Arsindis comitissa cum filiis suis Odo et Raimundo" signed a charter dated to [959] relating to their property "alode de Magrinnano et de Cugciaco…in comitatu Narbonense"[29].  [969]/[998].  Comte de Comminges.  The dating clause of a charter dated 18 May [980], which records the donation by "Oriolus presbyter de Sancto Martorio" of property "ecclesiam et villam…Sancti Medardi" to "Sancto Beato monasterio…in comitatu Comenico in valle Bavartense super fluvium Garona", names "regnante comite Raymundo et filio suo Bernardo, episcopo Oriolo"[30]"Regimundus comes filius Arnaldi comitis" restored "alodem Sancti Stephani de Nidolarias in comitatu Rossilionense" to the abbot of Saint-Hilaire "in pago Carcassensi" by charter dated [989/90][31]m ---.  The name of Raymond's wife is not known.  Raymond & his wife had one child: 

i)          BERNARD (-before 998).  The dating clause of a charter dated 18 May [980], which records the donation by "Oriolus presbyter de Sancto Martorio" of property "ecclesiam et villam…Sancti Medardi" to "Sancto Beato monasterio…in comitatu Comenico in valle Bavartense super fluvium Garona", names "regnante comite Raymundo et filio suo Bernardo, episcopo Oriolo"[32]

d)         daughters .  "Arnaldo et uxore sua…Arsendis et filiis suis vel filias" subscribed a charter dated 957[33]

2.         ROGER [I] de Comminges (-before 7 Apr 949).  "Arnaldus et uxor mea Arsindis, et Rodgarius et Odo filiis nostris" donated property to the abbey of Montolieu, near Carcassonne for the souls of "…et Rodgario fratre meo" by charter dated 7 Apr 949[34].  "Adalaiz…cum Arnaldus frater Rodgarii et alius Arnaldus filius Rodgarii et Ber…" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse for the souls of "Rodgarii et Aimilde comitissa et…alio Rodgario" by charter dated [19 Jun 936/10 Sep 954] signed by "Raimundi comitis, Adalaiz comitissa qui hoc fecit"[35]m ---.  The name of Roger's wife is not known.  Roger [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)         ARNAUD [II] de Comminges .   "Adalaiz…cum Arnaldus frater Rodgarii et alius Arnaldus filius Rodgarii et Ber…" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse for the souls of "Rodgarii et Aimilde comitissa et…alio Rodgario" by charter dated [19 Jun 936/10 Sep 954] signed by "Raimundi comitis, Adalaiz comitissa qui hoc fecit"[36]

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the relationships between the following members of this family have not been identified, although their names suggest descent from the preceding family.  

 

1.         ROGER [II] de Comminges (-after 1026).  Comte de Comminges.  Père Anselme notes that he was named in charters of the abbey of Lessat in 1010 and 1026 (no citation references)[37]

 

 

Two brothers:

1.         ARNAUD [III] (-after [1070]).  Comte de Comminges.  A charter dated to [1058] records a claim by "Arnaldus comes" against "Sancti Petri Fustiniaco", in the presence of "Bernardi episcopi sive Bernardo fratre suo similiter episcopo"[38]"Arnaldus comes" donated property to the abbey of Peyrissas by charter dated to [1070][39].  A charter dated May [1080] records that "Arnaldus comes" donated property to the abbey of Peyrissas which was later usurped by "Bernardus-Arnaldi et Raimundus-Arnaldi et antecessores illorum usque in diebus Rogerii monachi"[40]

2.         BERNARD de Comminges (-before 1060).  A charter dated to [1058] records a claim by "Arnaldus comes" against "Sancti Petri Fustiniaco", in the presence of "Bernardi episcopi sive Bernardo fratre suo similiter episcopo"[41].  Bishop of Comminges. 

 

 

[Two siblings:]

1.         ROGER [III] (-[after 1114]).  Comte de Comminges.  Père Anselme records that he was living in 1114 but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[42]

2.         [BRUNE de CommingesThe following charter identifies Brune as the sister of "Rogerius de Conveni".  He has not been identified beyond doubt.  Roger [III] Comte de Comminges was the most recent person of that name who has been identified.  The chronology does not appear ideal for his sister to have been the great-grandmother of Navarra, whose husband’s death is dated to [1200].  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[43]m --- Seigneur de Pontis”, son of ---.  Brune & her husband had one child: 

a)         ADEMAR de Pontis” .  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[44]m ---.  The name of Ademar´s wife is not known.  Ademar & his wife had one child: 

i)          BRUNE de Pontis .  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[45]m ---.  The name of Brune´s husband is not known.  Brune & her husband had one child:

(a)       NAVARRA .  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "alia Bruna" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta"[46]m ARNAUD GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de la Barthe, son of ODON Vicomte de la Barthe & his wife --- (-[1200]). 

 

 

Three possible siblings.  Their parents have not been identified, other than the charter dated 1197 quoted below which indicates that Bernard [I] was the son of “Rogerius de Convenis”.  As indicated above, that person could be identified as Roger [III] Comte de Comminges, although the chronology is not ideal.  Documents relating to the Pedro II King of Aragon/Marie de Montpellier divorce indicate that Bernard [IV] Comte de Comminges was descended in the female line from the Comtes de Bourgogne: a charter dated 28 Jan 1211 (O.S.) records various testimonies, including “Dominus B. de Andusia” who swore that “comes Raimundus de Bezanzo” [presumably Renaud I Comte de Bourgogne, see the document BURGUNDY KINGDOM - COUNTS of BURGUNDY] had “duas filias” [apparently incorrect], from one of whom issued (“exivit”) “mater huius B. de Andusia et avia Bernardi de Cumenge” and that from “alia que vocabatur ducissa” [Mathilde wife of Guillaume [VII] Seigneur de Montpellier, who was daughter of Hugues II Duke of Burgundy, son of Sibylle de Bourgogne-Comté who was daughter of Guillaume I Comte de Bourgogne, son of Renaud I] issued (“exivit”) “pater Marie regine” and he believed that “Marie regina” was “uxor Bernardi de Cumenge” who had “ex ea filium et filias[47].  Unfortunately, this does not bring us much further forward.  Looking at the grandmothers of Bernard [IV], his maternal grandmother was either the unnamed mistress of Alphonse Jourdain Comte de Toulouse or his wife Faydive [d’Uzès] (depending whether Bernard [IV]’s mother was Alphonse’s illegitimate or legitimate daughter), while his paternal grandmother was Dias de Samatan (see below).  No relationship has been traced between any of these individuals and the Anduze family, or any descent of the Anduze or Comminges families from either the ducal or comital families of Burgundy. 

 

1.         BERNARD [I] (-killed in battle Saint-Gaudens [after 1145])A charter dated 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent "Rogerio de Convenis" to "B. comes...Bernardo" to "Dodo comes" to "iste B. comes"[48]Comte de Comminges.  He was mortally wounded at the battle of Saint-Gaudens[49]m DIAS de Samatan, daughter and heiress of GODEFROI Seigneur de Samatan et de Muret & his wife ---.  Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri", which also names "Godafredus de Murello…pater meus Petrus Raymundi" as previous owners of "castrum de Murello" which he granted to "predictæ Dias filiæ meæ et viro suo Bernardo de Comenge"[50].  As noted in the introduction to this section, there is some possibility that Dias was related either to the ducal of comital family of Burgundy.  Comte Bernard [I] & his wife had [eight] children: 

a)         BERNARD [II] (-before 1153, bur Bonnefont).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri"[51]His place of burial is confirmed by the donation by "Dozo comes Convenarum" to the abbey of Bonnefont for the soul of "fratris mei Bernardi qui in prescripto monasterio jacet…" dated 1153[52]Comte de Comminges

b)         ROGER (-1155 or before).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri"[53]

c)         DODON de Comminges dit "de Samatan" (-after 1176).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri"[54]Comte de Comminges, as "BERNARD [III]" in 1153. 

-        see below.

d)         [GUY de Comminges .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1180.  m BERTRANDE d'Aure, daughter and heiress of ARNAUD [III] Vicomte d'Aure & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.] 

-        VICOMTES d'AURE and SEIGNEURS de LARBOUST, later COMTES et DUCS de GRAMONT[55].  

e)         GODEFROI dit "Bernard" .  "Dozo de Samatamo comes Convenarum qui dicebatur Bernardus…filius Bernardi comitis" and "Godefredus qui vocatur similiter Bernardus et Fortanerius fratres eius" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1163[56]

f)          [ARNAUD ROGER .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   1153/77.  Bishop of Comminges.] 

g)         BERNARDE de Comminges (-after 12 Aug 1150).  Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by the marriage contract dated 28 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri", which also names "Godafredus de Murello…pater meus Petrus Raymundi" as previous owners of "castrum de Murello" which he granted to "predictæ Dias filiæ meæ et viro suo Bernardo de Comenge"[57].  "Rogerius Biterrensis et uxor mea Bernarda vicecomitissa" issued a charter to the church of Carcassonne dated 28 Jun 1146[58].  The testament of "Rogerius de Biterri" is dated 12 Aug 1150 and names "Raimundo Trencavel fratri meo…Bernardæ vicecomitissæ uxori meæ"[59]m (contract 28 Apr 1139) ROGER Vicomte de Béziers, son of BERNARD ATON [IV] Vicomte d'Albi, de Nîmes, de Carcassonne, de Béziers et d'Agde & his wife Cecilia de Provence (-12 Aug 1150). 

h)         FORTANER de Comminges (-after 1163).  "Dozo de Samatamo comes Convenarum qui dicebatur Bernardus…filius Bernardi comitis" and "Godefredus qui vocatur similiter Bernardus et Fortanerius fratres eius" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1163[60]

2.         [BERNARD ARNAUD de Comminges (-before 1105).  A charter dated May [1080] records that "Arnaldus comes" donated property to the abbey of Peyrissas which was later usurped by "Bernardus-Arnaldi et Raimundus-Arnaldi et antecessores illorum usque in diebus Rogerii monachi"[61].  The primary source which confirms that Bernard Arnaud was the brother of Bernard [I] Comte de Comminges has not been identified.] 

3.         [RAYMOND ARNAUD de Comminges .  A charter dated May [1080] records that "Arnaldus comes" donated property to the abbey of Peyrissas which was later usurped by "Bernardus-Arnaldi et Raimundus-Arnaldi et antecessores illorum usque in diebus Rogerii monachi"[62].  The primary source which confirms that Bernard Arnaud and Raymond Arnaud were brothers, and that they were both brothers of Bernard [I] Comte de Comminges, has not been identified.] 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

 

DODON "BERNARD [III]" de Comminges dit "de Samatan", son of BERNARD [I] Comte de Comminges & his wife Dias de Samatan (-after 1176).  His parentage is confirmed by the marriage contract dated 26 Apr 1139 under which "Bernardus de Comenge et uxor mea Dias et filii nostri Bernardus de Comenge et Rogerius et Dodo de Samatano" granted property to "Bernardae filiae nostrae et viro tuo Rogerio de Biterri"[63]He succeeded as Comte de Comminges, as "BERNARD [III]" in 1153.  "Bernardus comes Convenarum…filius Bernardi comitis" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1160[64].  "Dozo de Samatamo comes Convenarum qui dicebatur Bernardus…filius Bernardi comitis" and "Godefredus qui vocatur similiter Bernardus et Fortanerius fratres eius" donated property to Berdoues by charter dated 1163[65]

m --- de Toulouse, illegitimate daughter of ALPHONSE JOURDAIN Comte de Toulouse Duc de Narbonne & his mistress ---.  Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by an undated charter which names [her son] "B. Convenarum comes filius sororis comitis Tolosani"[66]This is consistent with a charter dated 1202 which names "B. lo comte de Comenge lo cal fo filh de la filha N Anfos"[67].  According to Père Anselme[68], she was the daughter of Raymond V Comte de Toulouse (which is contradicted by the last cited charter), and was named LAURENTIA, although the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  It is assumed that she must have been illegitimate.  As noted in the introduction to this section above, there is some possibility that the wife of Bernard [III] was related either to the ducal of comital family of Burgundy. 

Comte Bernard [III] & his wife had four children: 

1.         BERNARD [IV] de Comminges (-22 Feb 1225).  A charter dated 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent "Rogerio de Convenis" to "B. comes...Bernardo" to "Dodo comes" to "iste B. comes"[69].  He succeeded as Comte de Comminges

-        see below

2.         ROGER de Comminges (-before 3 Apr 1211).  "Rogerus comes Convenarum" reached agreement with "Simone comite Leycestriensi, domino Montisfortis...Biterensi et Carcassonensi vicecomite, et domino Albiensi et Redensi" by charter dated 3 Apr 1211[70]

-        VICOMTES de COUSERANS

3.         GUY de Comminges .  Seigneur de Savès {Frontignan-Savès, Haute-Garonne – part of the canton of L'Isle-en-Dodon}.  m AUDE de Peguilhan {Haute-Garonne}, daughter of ---. 

-        SEIGNEURS DE PEGUILHAN.  “Bernardus Convenarum et Fortanerius Convenarum, filii quondam domini Bernardi Convenarum de Savezio” paid homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse “pro nobis et Aymerico fratre nostro” by charter dated 5 Sep 1240, witnessed by “Dominus Bernardus comes Convenarum et dominus Bernardus comes Armaniaci…[71]

4.         FORTANER de Comminges .  Seigneur d'Aspet, de iure uxorism --- dame d'Aspet, daughter of ARNAUD-RAIMOND [II] Seigneur d'Aspet & his wife ---. 

 

 

BERNARD [IV] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [III] [Dodon] Comte de Comminges & his wife --- de Toulouse (-22 Feb 1225).  A charter dated 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes filius sororis comitis Tolosani" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent "Rogerio de Convenis" to "B. comes...Bernardo" to "Dodo comes" to "iste B. comes"[72]A charter dated Nov 1197 names "Bernardus comes Convenarum filius sororis comitis Tolosani[73], and a charter dated 1202 names "B. lo comte de Comenge lo cal fo filh de la filha N Anfos"[74].  He succeeded in May 1176 as Comte de Comminges, under the guardianship of Guillaume d'Aure, for a few months only, as in April 1177 a document names "Bernardo comite Convenarum" without naming a guardian[75].  "Bernardus comes de Cominge, filius sororis comitis Tolosæ" and "Jordano domino de Isla, et Jordanus de Isla cum eo" agreed peace by charter dated Jan 1191[76].  "Bernardus comes Convenarum et Bigore et vicecomes de Marchan" donated property to Gimont by charter dated Aug 1192, witnessed by "Arnaldus Willelmus de la Barta…"[77]A "Chronique en Languedocien, tirée du cartulaire de Raymond le Jeune comte de Toulouse" records the death "VII die al issit de Fevrier en Disapte" in 1225 of "lo coms de Cumenge"[78]The Chronicle of Toulouse Saint-Saturnin records the death in 1223 of "dominus Bernardus comes Convenarum"[79]

m firstly (1180, divorced after 1192) [as her second husband,] BEATRIX [III] Comtesse de Bigorre, [widow of PIERRE [II] Vicomte de Dax,] daughter of CENTULE [III] Comte de Bigorre and his wife Matelle de Baux.  Her supposed first marriage is deduced from Roger of Hoveden who names her supposed husband "Petrus vicecomes Akensis et comes Bigorniæ" when recording the capitulation of the town of Dax in 1177[80].  The only explanation for Pierre being accorded the title Comte de Bigorre is if he had married the heiress of Bigorre.  However, the possibility that Roger of Hoveden was mistaken in recording this title cannot be excluded.  Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by the following document: a charter dated Jan 1208 declared the validity of the marriage of “regis Aragonum” and “Mariam Montispessulani”, considering that “comite Convenarum” [Marie’s second husband] had “priorem uxorem...filia Centuli quondam comitis Bigorrensis[81]

m secondly ([1195], divorced [1197]) COMTORS de la Barthe, daughter of ARNAUD GUILLAUME Vicomte de la Barthe and his wife Navarra de Pontis (-after 1234).  A charter dated Nov 1197 records the 4o consanguinity between "B. Convenarum comes" and "uxorem, filiam Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta" which provided the grounds for their divorce: "domina Bruna et Rogerius de Convenis fuerant fratres", adding the descent from "Bruna" to "Ademarus de Pontiis" to "Navarra" to "Comtors filia Arnaldi Willelmi de Barta", and from "Rogerio de Convenis" to "B. comes...Bernardo" to "Dodo comes" to "iste B. comes"[82].  A charter dated 22 Nov 1211 includes testimonies relating to the lawsuit for the annulment of Marie’s third marriage, including in relation to the terms of the divorce between “Bernardum comitem Convenarum” and “dominam Condors sororem Sancii de Barta[83]

m thirdly (contract Dec 1197, divorced 1201) as her second husband, MARIE de Montpellier, widow of RAYMOND GEOFFROY "Barral" Vicomte de Marseille, daughter of GUILLAUME [VIII] Seigneur de Montpellier & his wife Eudokia Comnene (-Rome 21 Apr 1213).  "Guillelmus…Montispessulani, filius quondam Mathildis ducisse" agreed the marriage of "filiam meam Mariam" and "Bernardo, comitis Convenarum" by charter dated Dec 1197, under which Marie also agreed to renounce her rights to Montpellier in favour of "Guillelmo Montispessulani patri meo, et tibi Guillelmo filio ejus et domine Agnetis, fratri meo"[84].  However, after a revolt of the citizens of Montpellier against young Guillaume [IX], Marie recovered her inheritance 15 Jun 1204[85].  Pope Innocent III addressed the bishops of Narbonne and Comminges by bull dated 29 Dec 1201 concerning the repudiation by "comes Convenarum" of his wife "Guillelmo domino Montispesulani…filiam"[86].  She married thirdly (Montpellier 15 Jun 1204) Pedro II "el Católico" King of Aragon.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Maria Guilelmi Montepessulano filia" as wife of "rege Petro Arragonum"[87]

Comte Bernard [IV] and his first wife had one child:

1.         PETRONILLE de Comminges (-1251).  She succeeded her mother as Comtesse de Bigorrem firstly (betrothed 1192, 1 Jun [1196 or after]) GASTON VI Comte de Béarn, son of GUILLEM de Montcada [II] & his wife Maria de Béarn (1165-1215).  m secondly (divorced) don NUÑO Sanchez de Aragón, son of Infante don SANCHO de Aragón Comte de Roussillon et de Cerdanya, ex-Comte de Provence & his second wife doña Sancha Núñez de Lara ([1185]-1242).  He succeeded his father in 1226 as Comte de Roussillon et de Cerdagne/Cerdaña.  m thirdly (13 Nov 1216) GUY de Montfort-l’Amaury, son of SIMON de Montfort Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne and Marquis de Provence & his wife Alix de Montmorency (-killed in battle 4 Apr 1220, bur Abbaye de Haute-Bruyère).  m fourthly AYMAR de Rancon, son of --- (-1224).  m fifthly (1228) BOSON de Mastas Seigneur de Cognac, son of --- (-before 1251). 

Comte Bernard [IV] & his [first] wife had [one] child: 

2.         MASCAROSE de Comminges .  She cannot be ascribed to any of Comte Bernard's marriages[88], although there appears insufficient time for her to have been the daughter of his second marriage, and she is not named in the 1213 testament of his third wife. 

Comte Bernard [IV] and his second wife had [three] children: 

3.         BERNARD [V] de Comminges (1196-Lanta 30 Nov 1241, bur Bonnefont).  "Bernardus comes Convenarum" names "filio meo Bernardo, quem habui ex Contores filia Arnaldi Guillelmi de Barta" in the charter dated Dec 1197 relating to his third marriage[89].  He succeeded his father as Comte de Comminges

-        see below

4.         ARNAUD ROGER de Comminges .  Bishop of Comminges. 

5.         [DELPHINE de Comminges .  Abbess of L'Esclache[90].] 

Comte Bernard [IV] and his third wife had three or more children: 

6.         son .  His existence is confirmed by the following document: a charter dated 28 Jan 1211 (O.S.) records various testimonies relating to the Pedro II King of Aragon/Marie de Montpellier divorce, including “Dominus B. de Andusia” who swore that “Marie regina” [Marie de Montpellier] was “uxor Bernardi de Cumenge” who had “ex ea filium et filias[91]

7.         [daughters .  His existence is confirmed by the following document: a charter dated 28 Jan 1211 (O.S.) records various testimonies relating to the Pedro II King of Aragon/Marie de Montpellier divorce, including “Dominus B. de Andusia” who swore that “Marie regina” [Marie de Montpellier] was “uxor Bernardi de Cumenge” who had “ex ea filium et filias[92].  It is not known whether Mathilde and Petronille, named below, were the only daughters.] 

8.         MATHILDE de Comminges .  The testament of "Maria regina Aragonum et domina Montispessulani" is dated 20 Apr 1213, naming "Jacobum filium Regis Aragonum et meumduæ filiæ meæ Mathildis…et Perona"[93].   The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "comte Bernard de Comminges" had two daughters by his wife "la fille de Guillaume de Montpellier…Marie" of whom one married "Sanche de Barral" and the other "Centulle comte d´Astarac"[94]m ([1212]) SANCHE [III] Vicomte de la Barthe, son of ARNAUD GUILLAUME [I] Vicomte de la Barthe & his wife Navara de Pontis (-after 1235). 

9.         PETRONILLE de Comminges .  The testament of "Maria regina Aragonum et domina Montispessulani" is dated 20 Apr 1213, naming "Jacobum filium Regis Aragonum et meumduæ filiæ meæ Mathildis…et Perona"[95].   The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "comte Bernard de Comminges" had two daughters by his wife "la fille de Guillaume de Montpellier…Marie" of whom one married "Sanche de Barral" and the other "Centulle comte d´Astarac"[96]m as his first wife, CENTULE [I] Comte d'Astarac, son of --- (-1243 or before). 

 

 

BERNARD [V] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges & his second wife Comtors de La Barthe (1196-Lanta 30 Nov 1241, bur Bonnefont).  "Bernardus comes Convenarum" names "filio meo Bernardo, quem habui ex Contores filia Arnaldi Guillelmi de Barta" in the charter dated Dec 1197 relating to his third marriage[97].  He succeeded his father in 1225 as Comte de Comminges.  He submitted to Louis VIII King of France at Avignon in Aug 1225 during the king's campaign in southern France against the Albigensians.  “Bernardus comes Convennarum” paid homage to Louis IX King of France by charter dated Oct 1227[98].  “Dominus Bernardus comes Convenarum et dominus Bernardus comes Armaniaci…” witnessed the charter dated 5 Sep 1240 under which “Bernardus Convenarum et Fortanerius Convenarum, filii quondam domini Bernardi Convenarum de Savezio” paid homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse “pro nobis et Aymerico fratre nostro[99].  A mansucript chronicle records the death "in festo sancti Andreæ apostoli" in 1241 of "Bernardus comes Convenarum" and his burial "in monasterio Bonifontis"[100].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records the death "à Lanta" of "Bernard comte de Comminges", in 1241 from the context, "à table, en prenant son repas, le jour de la fête de l´apôtre Saint-André"[101]

m (contract 6 May 1224) CECILE de Foix, daughter of RAYMOND ROGER Comte de Foix & his wife Philippa [de Montcada].  The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[102].  The contract of marriage between "Bernardum Convenarum, filius D. Bernardi Convenarum comitis" and "Sezeliæ...sorori D. Rogeri Bernardi comitis Fuxi" is dated 6 May 1224, witnessed by "...Petrus de Insula..."[103]

Comte Bernard [V] & his wife had one child: 

1.         BERNARD [VI] de Comminges ([1225]-1295).  Pleadings before the Parliament dated 19 Mar 1396 record “quatre nommez Bernart qui furent comtes de Comminges” of which the first and second "qui estoient pere et fils" wished the third to succeed as count in 1296[104].  He succeeded his father in 1251 as Comte de Comminges.  He swore homage to  Raimond VII Comte de Toulouse 18 Nov 1244[105].  He resigned his county in 1295 in favour of his son and died soon after.  m (before 26 Aug 1245) THERESE, daughter of ---.  A charter dated 26 Aug 1245 records that Amat, first cowherd of Countess Tarazia, wife of Bernard Comte de Comminges, requested permission from the abbot of Lézat to graze his herd in the abbey's pastures[106].  According to Higounet, this is the only evidence for her existence[107].  Comte Bernard [VI] & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         BERNARD [VII] de Comminges (-21 Jul 1312, bur Bonfont).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, appoints "dominum Arnaldum Rotgerii præpositum sancti Stephani de Tolosa et dominum Bernardum de Convenis fratres nostros…" among the executors[108].  He succeeded his father in 1295 as Comte de Comminges

-        see below

b)         ARNAUD ROGER de Comminges (-3 Oct 1298).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, appoints "dominum Arnaldum Rotgerii præpositum sancti Stephani de Tolosa et dominum Bernardum de Convenis fratres nostros…" among the executors[109].  A list of Bishops of Toulouse compiled by Bernard Guidonis records that "Arnaldus Rotgerii de Convenis, filius domini Bernardi comitis Convenarum" was named bishop in 1297 "circa festum Omnium Sanctorum" and died 3 Oct 1298 "in itinere dum de Romana" after returning from his consecration[110].  Bishop of Toulouse 1297. 

c)         MASCAROSE .  A manuscript of Rodez convent records the second marriage of "Henricus comes Ruthenensis filius Hugonis" and "domina Mascarosa de Convenis"[111].  Her marriage is confirmed by the testament of "domini Johannis comitis Armaniaci", dated 18 Feb 1347, which names "quondam bonæ memoriæ domini Henrici comitis Ruthenæ avi nostri…dominæ Mascariosæ eius uxoris, aut nostræ…dominæ Ceciliæ comitissæ Ruthenæ matris nostræ"[112].  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291 with the consent of "comitis Convenarum et domini Henrici…comitis Ruthenensis viri nostri", makes bequests to "dominæ Seguis sorori nostræ…dominæ Rubeæ sororis nostræ…Valborgis filiæ nostræ…filiabus nostris…Valborges, Cæciliæ et Beatrici", and appoints "dominum Arnaldum Rotgerii præpositum sancti Stephani de Tolosa et dominum Bernardum de Convenis fratres nostros…" among the executors[113]m (12 Oct 1270) as his second wife, HENRI [II] Comte de Rodez, son of HUGUES [IV] Comte de Rodez {Aveyron} and his wife Isabelle de Roquefeuil, Vicomtesse de Creissels {Aveyron} (-4 Sep 1304, bur Bonval). 

d)         SEGUINE (-after Mar 1291).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, makes bequests to "dominæ Seguis sorori nostræ…dominæ Rubeæ sororis nostræ…"[114].  Nun at Saint-Laurent[115]

e)         RUBEA (-after Mar 1291).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, makes bequests to "dominæ Seguis sorori nostræ…dominæ Rubeæ sororis nostræ…"[116]

 

 

BERNARD [VII] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [VI] Comte de Comminges & his wife Thérèse --- (-21 Jul 1312, bur Bonfont).  The testament of "Mascarona…comitissa Ruthenensis", made Mar 1291, appoints "dominum Arnaldum Rotgerii præpositum sancti Stephani de Tolosa et dominum Bernardum de Convenis fratres nostros…" among the executors[117].  He succeeded his father in 1295 as Comte de Comminges.  Pleadings before the Parliament dated 19 Mar 1396 record “quatre nommez Bernart qui furent comtes de Comminges” of which the first and second "qui estoient pere et fils" wished the third to succeed as count in 1296[118].  The Flores historiarum of Bernard Guidonis records the death "XII Kal Aug" in 1312 of "Bernardus comes Convenarum" and his burial "in abbatis Bono Fonte, Cisterciensis ordinis in sepulcro parentum"[119]

m LAURE de Montfort, daughter of PHILIPPE de Montfort-l'Amaury Seigneur de Castres et de la Ferté-Alais & his wife Jeanne de Levis (-before 1 Dec 1300).  A charter dated 15 May 1295 included in the cartulary of Notre-Dame de la Roche records the partition of property of Montfort and Castro, agreed by "Joannes de Monteforti comes Squllacii et Montis-Caviosi ac regni Siciliæ camerarius, Bernardus de Convenis miles…" which specifies that the latter was "primogenitus D comitis Convenarum" and that he was acting for "Lauræ de Monteforti consortis nostræ"[120]

Comte Bernard [VII] & his wife had six children: 

1.         BERNARD [VIII] de Comminges (after 28 Aug 1336).  Pleadings before the Parliament dated 19 Mar 1396 record “quatre nommez Bernart qui furent comtes de Comminges” of which the first and second "qui estoient pere et fils" wished the third to succeed as count in 1296, the last named having “un fils...Bernart et une fille...Aliénor...mariée au conte de Fois[121]He succeeded as Vicomte de Turenne, de iure uxoris"Dominum Bernardum de Convenis vicecomitem de Turenna" swore homage to Tulle monastery for "vicecomitatus de Brassaco" by charter dated Oct 1307[122]He succeeded his father in 1312 as Comte de Comminges.  Philippe VI King of France issued letters of remission to “Bernard comte de Comenges, vicomte de Tureine, Pierre Raymond et Gui de Comenges, frères dudit comte” dated Nov 1333 relating to their previous acts[123].  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, provided dower for “domina Matha de Insula coniux et consors eiusdem domini testatoris” who was appointed “gubernantem et administraticem omnium bonorum suorum”, confirmed the marriage of “dominæ Ceciliæ filiæ suæ...[primogenita]” and “Infante domino Iacobo...domini regis Arragonum quondam nato, comite Urgelli et vicecomite Agerensi”, provided dowry for the marriage of “dominæ Margueritæ filiæ suæ” and “filium domini Rainaldi de Pontibus militis”, as well as dowries for “dominæ Iohannæ filiæ suæ...dominæ Hellionordi filiæ suæ”, requested “uxore sua...domina Matha et domina Beatrix filiæ suæ ultimæ natæ” to enter religion, and named “Petrum-Raimundi de Convenis fratrem dicti domini testatoris...dominum Guidonem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris...dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem suum...dominum Arnoldum Rogerium eius fratrem...dominam Ceciliam de Convenis sororem eiusdem testatoris...dominam Helionordim sororem eiusdem testatoris” as successive substitute heirs in case all his daughters died “infra pupillarem etatem, vel postea absque liberis”, witnessed by “dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris SS. Romanæ ecclesiæ cardinalem[124]m firstly MARQUA [Pucelle] d'Armagnac, daughter of GERAUD [VI] Comte d'Armagnac et de Fezensac & his wife Mathe de Béarn (-before [1304]).  The testament of “Bernardus...comes Armaniaci et Fesenciaci” is dated 18 May 1302, names “Gastonem, Rogerium, Marquam et Mascarosinam fratres et sorores nostros...Geraldo de Labbatus nepoti nostro et primogenito dictæ Mascarosæ sororis nostræ...Geraldi quondam patris nostri comitis...dominæ Siachæ comitissa Armeniaci et Fesenciaci matri nostræ[125]Père Anselme names “Capsuelle” [corruption of “Pucelle”?] as daughter of Comte Géraud [VI] and records her marriage to “Bernard VII du nom comte de Cominges, dont elle n’eut point d’enfans”, but does not cite the primary source on which this information is based[126]m secondly ([11 Jun 1304/1306]) MARGUERITE Vicomtesse de Turenne, daughter of RAYMOND [VII] Vicomte de Turenne & his first wife Léticie [de la Roche] (-after 1311).  Raimundus vicecomes Turenæ miles” appointed as his heir “Margaritæ filiæ nostræ”, with “dominam Loram vicecomitissam Turenæ dominam de Chabanez aviam maternam prædictæ filiæ nostræ” as her guardian, by charter dated 11 Jun 1304[127].  Charles de France Comte de Valois confirmed the agreement between “dame Iehanne de Eu nostre cousine femme iadis Remon vicomte de Turene chevalier” and “Bernard de Cominge et Marguerite sa femme hoir de la vicomté de Turaine” regarding the dower of the former, by charter dated 1306[128].  She appointed her husband as her heir in Turenne, the viscounty of Turenne passing to his daughter by his second marriage.  “Margareta vicecomitissa Turenæ uxor...Bernardi comitis Convenarum” chose burial “in ecclesia Hospitalis dicti Iaffa”, where “bonæ memoriæ dominus Raimundus avus meus et dominus Raimundus pater meus quondam” were buried, appointed as her heir “partum ex ventre meo nasciturum”, failing which “Bernardum de Convenis maritum meum et...suos liberos”, by testament dated 1311[129]m thirdly MATHE de l'Isle-Jourdain, daughter of BERNARD JOURDAIN [IV] Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain & his first wife Marguerite de Foix (-after 1352, bur Monastery Sainte-Cécile).  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, provided dower for “domina Matha de Insula coniux et consors eiusdem domini testatoris” who was appointed “gubernantem et administraticem omnium bonorum suorum”, and requested “uxore sua...domina Matha et domina Beatrix filiæ suæ ultimæ natæ” to enter religion[130].  “Domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum, vicecomitisa Turenæ gubernatrix et administratrix eiusdem vicecomitatus Turenæ”, on behalf of “domina Cecilia filia sua...Urgelli et Convenarum comitissa, vicecomitissaque Turenæ”, under the powers granted under the testament of “bonæ memoriæ viri domini Bernardi quondam comitis Convenarum, vicecomitisque Turenæ”, executed obligations including towards “dominæ Ioanne de Eugo dominæ de Piquiniaco olim vicecomitissæ Turenæ”, by charter dated 5 Sep 1345[131]The testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, chose burial in “monasterium...S. Claræ” built by “virum suum quondam dominum Bernardum bonæ memoriæ comitem Convenarum” where “domicellæ Margaritæ de Convenis filiæ suæ quondam et...Ioannis comitis quondam Convenarum sui filii” were buried, bequeathed property to “dominæ Ceciliæ de Convenis comitissæ Urgelli filiæ suæ...Petro comiti Urgelli filio dictæ dominæ Ceciliæ et sic nepoti ipsius dominæ testatricis et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Ceciliæ...dominæ Alienordi de Convenis vicecomitissæ Turenæ filiæ suæ...filiabus Ioannæ et Alienordi et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Alienordis vicecomitissæ predictæ...dominam filiam suam Iohannam de Convenis comitissam Convenarum...filiabus Alienordi et Ceciliæ de Convenis et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Iohannæ comitissæ prædictæ...”, and bequeathed property inherited from “bonæ memoriæ viri Bertrandi Iordani domini Insulæ patris quondam ipsius dominæ testatricis” to “domino Ioanni comiti Insulæ nepoti suo[132]Comte Bernard [VIII] & his third wife had six children: 

a)         CECILE de Comminges (-1384).  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, confirmed the marriage of “dominæ Ceciliæ filiæ suæ...[primogenita]” and “Infante domino Iacobo...domini regis Arragonum quondam nato, comite Urgelli et vicecomite Agerensi[133]Comtesse de Comminges, vicomtesse de Turenne: Philippe VI King of France notified his sénéchaux in Toulouse, Carcassonne and Périgord that “nostre...cousine Cecile comtesse d’Urgel et de Cominge, femme de nostre...cousin l’Infant Iacques d’Arragon comte d’Urgel” had sworn homage for Comminges and Turenne, as successor of “feu Iean iadis comte de Cominge son frere”, by charter dated 20 Aug 1340[134]Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the testament of "infans Iacobi…domini Alfonsi bone memorie regis Aragonum filius…comes Urgelli et vicecomes Agerensis", dated 14 May 1344, which refers to the dowry given by "Bernardus comes Comenge et vicecomes Turensis quondam, pater…dompne Cecilie consorte nostre"[135].  She sold the viscounty of Turenne to Guillaume [III] Rogier Comte de Beaufort in 1350 for 145,000 gold florins[136]: Dominus Iohannes comes Insulæ...filius et heres quondam domini Bernardi comitis Insulæ” certified that “Guillelmus Rogerii de Belloforti filius emancipatus...domini Guillermi Rogerii comitis Bellifortis et vicecomitis Motæ” agreed to buy “vicecomitatum Turenæ” from “domina Cecilia de Convenis comitissa Urgelli et vicecomitissa Ageris et Turenæ heredeque...domini Bernardi bonæ memoriæ comitis Convenarum et vicecomitis Turenæ patris sui defuncti”, naming her sisters Jeanne and Eléonore, by charter dated 25 Feb 1350 (O.S.?)[137]The testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, bequeathed property to “dominæ Ceciliæ de Convenis comitissæ Urgelli filiæ suæ...Petro comiti Urgelli filio dictæ dominæ Ceciliæ et sic nepoti ipsius dominæ testatricis et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Ceciliæ...[138]m ([1336]) Infante don JAIME de Aragón Conde de Urgel, son of ALFONSO IV "el Benigne" King of Aragon & his first wife doña Teresa Entenza Condesa de Urgel (1321-Barcelona 15 Nov 1347). 

b)         MARGUERITE de Comminges (-after 1335, bur Monastery Sainte-Cécile)The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, provided dowry for the marriage of “dominæ Margueritæ filiæ suæ” and “filium domini Rainaldi de Pontibus militis[139]The testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, chose burial in “monasterium...S. Claræ” built by “virum suum quondam dominum Bernardum bonæ memoriæ comitem Convenarum” where “domicellæ Margaritæ de Convenis filiæ suæ quondam et...Ioannis comitis quondam Convenarum sui filii” were buried[140]Betrothed ([26 Mar 1335]) to RENAUD [V] de Pons, son of RENAUD [IV] Seigneur de Pons & his wife Jeanne d’Albret (-killed in battle Poitiers 19 Sep 1356)

c)         JEANNE de Comminges (-29 Apr 1398).  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, provided dowries for “dominæ Iohannæ filiæ suæ...dominæ Hellionordi filiæ suæ[141]The testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, bequeathed property to “...dominam filiam suam Iohannam de Convenis comitissam Convenarum...filiabus Alienordi et Ceciliæ de Convenis et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Iohannæ comitissæ prædictæ...[142]m (1350) her first cousin, PIERRE-RAYMOND [II] de Comminges, son of PIERRE-RAYMOND [I] de Comminges & his wife Françoise de Fezensac (-after Oct 1375). 

d)         ELEONORE de Comminges (-1397).  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, provided dowries for “dominæ Iohannæ filiæ suæ...dominæ Hellionordi filiæ suæ[143]The testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, bequeathed property to “...dominæ Alienordi de Convenis vicecomitissæ Turenæ filiæ suæ...filiabus Ioannæ et Alienordi et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Alienordis vicecomitissæ predictæ...[144]m (17 Nov 1349) GUILLAUME [III] Rogier de Beaufort Comte de Beaufort, son of GUILLAUME [II] Rogier Comte de Beaufort & his [first wife ---] ([1320/30]-29 Mar 1394).  Vicomte de Turenne.  His sister-in-law Cécile de Comminges sold the viscounty of Turenne to him in 1350 for 145,000 gold florins[145]: Dominus Iohannes comes Insulæ...filius et heres quondam domini Bernardi comitis Insulæ” certified that “Guillelmus Rogerii de Belloforti filius emancipatus...domini Guillermi Rogerii comitis Bellifortis et vicecomitis Motæ” agreed to buy “vicecomitatum Turenæ” from “domina Cecilia de Convenis comitissa Urgelli et vicecomitissa Ageris et Turenæ heredeque...domini Bernardi bonæ memoriæ comitis Convenarum et vicecomitis Turenæ patris sui defuncti”, naming her sisters Jeanne and Eléonore, by charter dated 25 Feb 1350 (O.S.?)[146]

e)         BEATRIX de Comminges (-before 25 Feb 1351).  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, provided dower for “domina Matha de Insula coniux et consors eiusdem domini testatoris” who was appointed “gubernantem et administraticem omnium bonorum suorum”, and requested “uxore sua...domina Matha et domina Beatrix filiæ suæ ultimæ natæ” to enter religion[147].  Beatrix presumably died before 25 Feb 1350 (O.S.?), the date of the charter of her sister Cécile in which she is not named. 

f)          JEAN de Comminges ([Apr 1335/1336]-[Aug 1337/20 Aug 1340], bur Monastery Sainte-Cécile).  The first two documents quoted below show that Jean was a minor when his father died.  He is not named in his father’s testament dated 26 Mar 1335, which suggests that he was born after that date.  Comte de CommingesMatha de Insula comitissa Convenarum vicecomitissaque Turenæ mater et tutrix...Iohannis...comitis et vicecomitis comitatus et vicecomitatus prædictorum” granted rights to certain vassals by charter dated 1336[148]Co-seigneur de Malemort: “Giraldus de Venthedoro miles dominus de Donzenaco condominusque de Malamorte et Matha de Insula tutrix...Iohannis...comitis Convenarum et vicecomitis de Turenæ, condominusque de Malamorte et de Briva et Geraldus de Malamorte dominus de S. Hilario condominusque de Malamorte et Geraldus de Malamorte junior dominus de Vergino condominus de Malamorte et Guido de Sancto Michaele miles condominus de Malamorte” reached agreement with the priory of Brives regarding certain property by charter dated Aug 1337[149]Jean’s right to share in the seigneurie de Malemort presumably derived from his inheritance of the properties of Marguerite de Turenne, second wife of his father.  He died before 20 Aug 1340, the date of the charter under which his oldest sister swore homage for Comminges and Turenne as his successor (see above).  His place of burial is confirmed by the following document: the testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, chose burial in “monasterium...S. Claræ” built by “virum suum quondam dominum Bernardum bonæ memoriæ comitem Convenarum” where “domicellæ Margaritæ de Convenis filiæ suæ quondam et...Ioannis comitis quondam Convenarum sui filii” were buried[150]

2.         PIERRE-RAYMOND [I] de Comminges (-16 Apr 1341).  Philippe VI King of France issued letters of remission to “Bernard comte de Comenges, vicomte de Tureine, Pierre Raymond et Gui de Comenges, frères dudit comte” dated Nov 1333 relating to their previous acts[151].  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, named “Petrum-Raimundi de Convenis fratrem dicti domini testatoris...dominum Guidonem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris...dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem suum...dominum Arnoldum Rogerium eius fratrem...dominam Ceciliam de Convenis sororem eiusdem testatoris...dominam Helionordim sororem eiusdem testatoris” as successive substitute heirs in case all his daughters died “infra pupillarem etatem, vel postea absque liberis[152]m FRANÇOISE de Fezensac, daughter of ---.  Père Anselme names “Françoise de Fezensac” as the wife of Pierre-Raymond [I] without any indication of her parentage and without citing any source on which this information is based[153].  At that time the comtes d’Armagnac were also comtes de Fezensac (see the document GASCONY) but Françoise has not been connected with their family.  Pierre-Raymond [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)         PIERRE RAYMOND [II] de Comminges (-after Oct 1375).  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, confirmed the dowry of "dominæ Elienardi de Convenis filiæ suæ uxori domini Johannis de Bolonha" from her marriage to "Bertrando comite Insulæ eius primo marito", appointed "dominam Margaritam eius filiam…et dominæ Johannæ eius consortis", married firstly to "domino Johanne quondam comite Armaniaci et Convenarum", as his heir, with "dictam dominam Elienordim de Convenis…dominam Johannam eius consortem…domino Johanni de Armaniaco vicecomiti Fesensaguelli eius nepoti…dominum Petrum comitem Urgelli…dominum Raymundum de Torenne eius nepotem..." in successive substitution[154].  A manuscript chronicle records the death in 1375 of "D. Petrus Raymundi comes Convenarum" after making his testament[155]m (1350) his first cousin, JEANNE de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD [VIII] Comte de Comminges & his third wife Mathe de l'Isle-Jourdain (-29 Apr 1398).  The testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, bequeathed property to “...dominam filiam suam Iohannam de Convenis comitissam Convenarum...filiabus Alienordi et Ceciliæ de Convenis et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Iohannæ comitissæ prædictæ...[156]Pierre Raymond [II] & his wife had three children: 

i)          ELEONORE de Comminges ([1350/51]-after 1378).  The testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, bequeathed property to “...dominam filiam suam Iohannam de Convenis comitissam Convenarum...filiabus Alienordi et Ceciliæ de Convenis et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Iohannæ comitissæ prædictæ...[157]The marriage contract between “dominum Johannem de Bononia militem filium...domini Johannis...comitis Bononiæ et Alverniæ” and "dominam Helionordim de Convenis filiam...domini Petri Raymundi...comitis Convenarum" is dated 9 Aug 1373[158].  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, confirmed the dowry of "dominæ Elienardi de Convenis filiæ suæ uxori domini Johannis de Bolonha" from her marriage to "Bertrando comite Insulæ eius primo marito"[159]m firstly BERTRAND [II] Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JEAN-JOURDAIN [I] Comte de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Jeanne d´Albret (-after 29 Jun 1369).  m secondly (contract Compiègne 9 Aug 1373) JEAN [II] d´Auvergne, son of JEAN [I] Duke of Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne & his wife Jeanne de Clermont (-28 Sep 1404).  He succeeded his father in 1386 as Duke of Auvergne, Comte de Boulogne. 

ii)         CECILE de Comminges ([1351/52]-).  The testament of domina Matha de Insula comitissa Convenarum”, dated 1352, bequeathed property to “...dominam filiam suam Iohannam de Convenis comitissam Convenarum...filiabus Alienordi et Ceciliæ de Convenis et cæteris liberis ipsius dominæ Iohannæ comitissæ prædictæ...[160]

iii)        MARGUERITE de Comminges (1363-1443).  The testament of "Petrus Raymundi…comes Convenarum", dated Oct 1375, appointed "dominam Margaritam eius filiam…et dominæ Johannæ eius consortis", married firstly to "domino Johanne quondam comite Armaniaci et Convenarum", as his heir[161].  A charter dated 8 Oct 1392 records the procuration from "domina Margaritta relicta…domini Joannis quondam comitis Armaniaci…Convenarum comitissa" to negotiate her marriage to "Joanne de Armaniaco filio…domini Geraldi de Armaniaco comitis Pardiaci…et…dominæ Annæ de Montelugduno eius consortis"[162]Père Anselme records the discord between Marguerite and her second husband, who returned to his father and request help from Bernard [VII] Comte d’Armagnac, who turned against him “s’étant joint à la comtesse de Cominges[163]Reconcilation was attempted in Sep/Oct 1400 with a draft agreement between “Johan d’Armagnac comte de Comenge” and “Madona la comtesse de Comenge[164], but was evidently unsuccessful.  Père Anselme records that Jean [IV] Comte d’Armagnac claimed the county of Comminges after the death of Jeanne’s mother in 1443, claiming to be heir to “Jeanne sa fille qu’elle avoit eue de Jean III Comte d’Armagnac son oncle”, despite Marguerite having donated the county to Charles VII King of France[165]m firstly JEAN [III] d´Armagnac, son of JEAN [II] Comte d´Armagnac & his wife Jeanne de Périgord ([1359]-25 Jul 1391).  He succeeded his father in 1384 as Comte d´Armagnacm secondly (contract 8 Oct 1392) JEAN de Fezenzaguet, son of GERAUD d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet, Comte de Pardiac & his wife Anne de Montlezun (-Brusson en Rouergue [1403]).  m thirdly (Papal dispensation 5 May 1419, contract 15 Jul 1419) as his first wife, MATHIEU de Foix, son of ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly Captal de Buch & his wife Isabelle Ctss de Foix et de Bigorre (-Dec 1453).  Installed as Comte de Comminges by his wife. 

b)         ELEONORE de Comminges (-after 3 Dec 1396)Père Anselme records the contract for her first marriage dated 1 Dec 1252 (error for 1352)[166].  Père Anselme records her testament dated 3 Dec 1396, under which she named her niece Marguerite de Comminges as her heir[167]m firstly (contract 1 Dec 1352) as his third wife, ARNAU ROGER de Mataplana Conde de Pallars, son of UGO [VI] de Mataplana Barón de Mataplana & his wife Sibila Condesa de Pallars-Subiràm secondly GAILLARD de la Mothe, son of BERTRAND de la Mothe Seigneur de Clermont en Condomois & his wife ---. 

c)         JEANNE de Comminges Père Anselme records that her husband’s testament dated 21 Apr 1339 states that his wife preceased him[168]m GERAUD d'Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet, son of GASTON d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fezenzaguet & his first wife Valpurge de Rodez (-after 21 Apr 1339, bur Mauvésin). 

3.         GUY de Comminges (-1365).  Philippe VI King of France issued letters of remission to “Bernard comte de Comenges, vicomte de Tureine, Pierre Raymond et Gui de Comenges, frères dudit comte” dated Nov 1333 relating to their previous acts[169].  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, named “Petrum-Raimundi de Convenis fratrem dicti domini testatoris...dominum Guidonem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris...dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem suum...dominum Arnoldum Rogerium eius fratrem...dominam Ceciliam de Convenis sororem eiusdem testatoris...dominam Helionordim sororem eiusdem testatoris” as successive substitute heirs in case all his daughters died “infra pupillarem etatem, vel postea absque liberis[170]Seigneur de Figeac.  m firstly (1309) MARGUERITE de Monteil-Adhémar, daughter of HUGUES de Monteil-Adhémar Seigneur de Lombers & his wife --- (-1313).  m secondly (17 Jul 1323) as her second husband, INDIA de Caumont, widow of GASTON d´Armagnac Vicomte de Fézenzaguet, daughter of GUILLAUME [III] Seigneur de Caumont & his wife Miramonde de Mauléon. 

4.         JEAN de Comminges (-after 26 Mar 1335).  A list of Bishops of Toulouse compiled by Bernard Guidonis records that "Johannes de Convenis filius quondam comitis Convenarum...episcopus Magalonensis" was named bishop of Toulouse in 1317[171].  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, named “Petrum-Raimundi de Convenis fratrem dicti domini testatoris...dominum Guidonem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris...dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem suum...dominum Arnoldum Rogerium eius fratrem...dominam Ceciliam de Convenis sororem eiusdem testatoris...dominam Helionordim sororem eiusdem testatoris” as successive substitute heirs in case all his daughters died “infra pupillarem etatem, vel postea absque liberis”, witnessed by “dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris SS. Romanæ ecclesiæ cardinalem[172]

5.         ARNAUD ROGER de Comminges (-after 26 Mar 1335).  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, named “Petrum-Raimundi de Convenis fratrem dicti domini testatoris...dominum Guidonem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris...dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem suum...dominum Arnoldum Rogerium eius fratrem...dominam Ceciliam de Convenis sororem eiusdem testatoris...dominam Helionordim sororem eiusdem testatoris” as successive substitute heirs in case all his daughters died “infra pupillarem etatem, vel postea absque liberis[173]

6.         CECILE de Comminges (-after 23 Jun 1354)The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that "Johannes Marchio Montis-ferrati" married firstly "sororem Domini Cardinalis de Conunzi…adhuc puellam"[174]The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, named “Petrum-Raimundi de Convenis fratrem dicti domini testatoris...dominum Guidonem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris...dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem suum...dominum Arnoldum Rogerium eius fratrem...dominam Ceciliam de Convenis sororem eiusdem testatoris...dominam Helionordim sororem eiusdem testatoris” as successive substitute heirs in case all his daughters died “infra pupillarem etatem, vel postea absque liberis[175]m firstly AMANIEU Comte d'Astarac, son of BERNARD [IV] Comte d´Astarac & his first wife Mathe de Foix (-1331).  m secondly ([1331/37]) as his first wife, GIOVANNI II Marchese di Monferrato, son of TEODORO I Paleologo Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Argentina Spinola (-20 Mar 1372). 

7.         ELEONORE de Comminges (-after 16 May 1365).  Pleadings before the Parliament dated 19 Mar 1396 record “quatre nommez Bernart qui furent comtes de Comminges” of which the first and second "qui estoient pere et fils" wished the third to succeed as count in 1296, the last named having “un fils...Bernart et une fille...Aliénor...mariée au conte de Fois[176].  The testament of Bernhardus...comes Convenarum, vicecomeque Turenæ”, dated 26 Mar 1335, named “Petrum-Raimundi de Convenis fratrem dicti domini testatoris...dominum Guidonem de Convenis fratrem eiusdem testatoris...dominum Iohannem de Convenis fratrem suum...dominum Arnoldum Rogerium eius fratrem...dominam Ceciliam de Convenis sororem eiusdem testatoris...dominam Helionordim sororem eiusdem testatoris” as successive substitute heirs in case all his daughters died “infra pupillarem etatem, vel postea absque liberis[177]Her name and origin are confirmed by the charter dated 8 Feb 1347 which records that Philippe VI King of France abandoned rights over the lands to be ceded to "Agnes, fille…de Phelippe jadis roy et de…Jehnne de France royne de Navarre" when she married "Gaston comte de Foix…[filz de] Alliénor de Cominges contesse de Foix"[178]The nobles of the county of Foix paid homage to “Alienors de Convenis comitissa ac vicecomitissa”, widow of “Gasto comes Fuxi ac vicecomes Bearnii ac Marciani”, by act dated 28 Dec 1345 which includes a lengthy list of named nobles[179]m (1327) GASTON [II] "le Preux" Comte de Foix, son of GASTON [I] Comte de Foix & his wife Jeanne d'Artois (1308-Algeciras or Seville 26 Sep 1343)

 

 

 

B.      COMTES de COMMINGES (AYDIE)

 

 

1.         BERTRAND d’Aydie (-after 1461).  m firstly MARIE de Domin, daughter of ---.  m secondly HONORETE, daughter of ---.  Bertrand & his first wife had children: 

a)         ODET d’Aydie (-before 25 Aug 1498, bur Château de Fronsac).  Seigneur de Lescun, de iure uxoris.  Comte de Comminges, Vicomte de Fronsac: Louis XI granted him the county of Comminges and vicomté de Fronsac in Apr 1472[180]m (1457) MARIE de Lescun, daughter of MATHIEU Seigneur de Lescun & his wife Diane de Béarn.  Odet & his wife had two children: 

i)          JEANNE d’Aydie Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage but cites no source on which the information is based[181]Comtesse de Comminges, Dame de Lescun et de Lesparre.  m (25 Mar 1480) JEAN de Foix Vicomte de Lautrec, son of PIERRE de Foix Vicomte de Lautrec & his wife Catherine d’Astarac (posthumously[182] [1454/55]-after 1498). 

ii)         MADELEINE d’Aydie .  Dame de Castillon. 

Bertrand & his second wife had children: 

b)         ODET d’Aydie “le Jeune” (-after 3 May 1531).  Seigneur de Ribérac: a charter dated 2 Apr 1505 was witnessed by “Mre Oddet d’Edye chevalier seigneur de Ribérac[183]m (contract 14 Feb 1484) ANNE de Pons, daughter of GUY Seigneur de Pons & his first wife Isabelle de Foix (-after 21 Dec 1504).  The identity of her mother is indicated by the following document: the marriage contract between Guy seigneur de Pons viconte de Turenne...père...de...Anne de Pons sa fille” and “Odet d’Aydie escuier séneschal de Carcassonne” is dated 14 Feb 1484, and notes that “ledit sieur de Pons...n’a que troys enfans de son...mariage...Françoys de Pons son filz aisné, Aimé et Anthoinette ses filz et filles” who granted property “à ladicte Anne”, in the presence of “Odet d’Aydie comte de Comminges, Anthoine de Chasteauneuf chevalier séneschal de Beaucaire...[184].  She is named in the 21 Dec 1504 testament of her father quoted above.  Odet & his wife had children: 

i)          FRANÇOIS d’Aydie (-after 3 Oct 1560).  Vicomte de Ribérac.  m firstly (contract 19 Jun 1524) FRANÇOISE de Bourdeilles, daughter of JEAN de Bourdeilles Seigneur de Montagrier & his wife Catherine Estuert.  m secondly (6 Nov 1525) FRANÇOISE de Salagnac, daughter of BERTRAND Baron de Salagnac & his first wife Isabelle Talleyrand de Chalais (-after 15 Dec 1550).  François & his second wife had children: 

(a)       GUY d’Aydie (-after 1557).  Vicomte de Ribérac.  m MARIE de Foix, daughter of GASTON de Foix Comte de Candale & his wife Mathe Ctss d’Astarac (-after 6 Sep 1561).  

(b)       CHARLES d’Aydie (-after 1578).  Vicomte de Ribérac.  

-         COMTES de RIBERAC[185]

ii)         GUY d’Aydie (-1529).  Bishop of Sarlat 1527. 

 

 

 

C.      SEIGNEURS de MONTESPAN (ESPAGNE)

 

 

Montespan is located on the left bank of the upper reaches of the river Garonne, about 15 kilometres of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges, in the present-day French départment of Haute-Garonne, arrondissement Saint-Gaudens, canton Salies-du-Salat.  Montespan was inherited by Arnaud de Comminges dit d’Espagne, younger son of Roger [IV] Vicomte de Couserans and his wife Grise d’Espagne.  Père Anselme sets out his descendants[186]

 

 

1.         ARNAUD d’Espagne (-after 1243).  Seigneur de Montespan, de Monéjan et de la Rivière, Baron de Borderas.  Père Anselme notes that he was living in 1243, without citing any source which corroborates this information[187]m ---.  The name of Arnaud’s wife is not known.  Arnaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         GRISE d'Espagne (-after Sep 1267)Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage without citing any source which corroborates the information[188]Dame de Montespan.  “Garcie ou Grise” donated “le château de Quieros” to “Arnaut d’Espagne son fils” in Sep 1267[189]m ROGER [IV] de Couserans Vicomte de Couserans, son of ROGER [III] de Couserans Conde de Pallars & his first wife Cécile de Forcalquier [IV] (-[1257/Sep 1267]).  

 

 

1.         BERTRAND d’Espagnem ---.  The name of Bertrand’s wife is not known.  Bertrand & his wife had one child:

a)         ROGER d’Espagne (-after Dec 1244).  Arnaud de Comminges [son of Grise d’Espagne, see above] swore homage to Raymond Comte de Toulouse in Dec 1244 in the presence of “Roger de Cominges comte de Paillas son frère, d’autres Roger, fils du comte de Pierre-Arnaud et de Bertrand d’Espagne[190].

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    COMTES de FOIX

 

 

A.      COMTES de FOIX (COMTES de CARCASSONNE)

 

 

The comtes de Foix were vassals of the comtes de Carcassonne, who were in turn vassals of the comtes de Toulouse. 

 

 

BERNARD ROGER de Carcassonne, son of ROGER [I] de Comminges Comte de Carcassonne & his wife Adelais de Pons (before Aug 981-[22 Aug 1036/38])"Roggarius comes…cum coniuge comitissa Adalaice seu Regimundo sobole atque Bernardo sobole" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated Aug 981[191]"Rotgerius comes et marchio cum coniuge comitissa Adalaisse atque cum prole Regimundo Barnardoque" donated property with the abbey of Saint-Hilaire by charter dated 1 Nov 984[192]"Rodgarius comes et uxor mea Aladaiz" donated property to the abbey of Lézat by charter dated Aug [1001], signed by "Ramundo, Bernardo, Petrone"[193]Rogerius comes”, under his testament dated to [1002], divided his properties, “ad Bernardo filio meo…comitatu de Cosoragno…castello de Fuxo[194].  "Rogerius comes et conjux mea Adalaizis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Hilaire, including property which "frater meus Oddo comes habuit", for the soul of "fratris mei Oddoni comitis" and for "filio nostro Regimundo comite", by charter dated Apr 1011, signed by "…Bernardus et dominus Petrus…comites…"[195].  He succeeded in 1012 as Comte de Couserans and (part) Carcassonne, Seigneur du pays de Foix.  Comte de Bigorre, by right of his wife. 

m ([1010]) GERSENDE Ctss de Bigorre, daughter of GARCIA ARNAUD Comte de Bigorre & his wife Ricarda --- ([986]-[1032/34]).  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 1034 under which Rotgarius filius Garsente” paid homage to “Petrone episcopo filio Adalais[196].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "dona Beatriz de Bezes" as the wife of "Mossen Bernard"[197], but this source is too late to give much credibility to its account of the early comtes de Foix.  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

Comte Bernard Roger & his wife had six children:

1.         BERNARD de Foix (-before 24 Jun 1077).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte de Bigorre.    

-        COMTES de BIGORRE

2.         ROGER [I] de Foix (-[1064]).  Petrus episcopus” divided property “cum Rodgario nepote suo” by charter dated 1034 which names “Bernardus pater eius[198].  “Rotgarius filius Garsente” paid homage to “Petrone episcopo filio Adalais” by charter dated 1034[199]Comte de Foix.  "Rotgerius comes de Foys [et] uxor eius" donated property to Cluny by charter dated 1049[200]"Rogerius comes filius Rangard" [Comte de Carcassonne] and "Rogerium comitem filium Garsendæ comitissæ" [Comte de Foix] confirmed their agreement relating to "civitate…Carcassona" by charter dated to [1063][201]m --- (-after [1060]).  There is an anonymous reference to her in the joint donation to Cluny by "Rotgerius comes de Foys [et] uxor eius" dated 1049[202].  The edition quoted confirms that the name "Amica" (which appears in this charter as it is reproduced in the 3rd edition of the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[203]) was added by the first editor of the charter as the name of Count Roger's wife but that it does not appear in the original[204].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Arsenda" as the wife of "Mossen Roger"[205], but this source is too late to give much credibility to its account of the early comtes de Foix. 

3.         PIERRE BERNARD de Foix (-1071).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified, other than the reference to him as "Petrus Bernardi comes".  Comte de Couserans, Comte de Foix"Petrus Bernardi comes" sold his rights "in villa Calsan" to the monastery of Camon, with the consent of "Rodgerii comitis filii sui", by charter dated to [1070][206]m LETGARDE, daughter of --- (-after [1074]).  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis et genetrix mea…Ledgardis" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated to [1074][207].  Comte Pierre Bernard & his wife had two children: 

a)         ROGER [II] de Foix (-1124).  His father's name is confirmed by the charter dated to [1064/71] under which "Petrus Bernardi comes de Alberga et de Forcia" donated property to the abbey of Lagrasse on the advice of "Rodgerii comitis filii sui"[208].  "Petrus Bernardi comes" sold his rights "in villa Calsan" to the monastery of Camon, with the consent of "Rodgerii comitis filii sui", by charter dated to [1070][209].  He succeeded in 1074 as Comte de Foix"…Rodgarii comitis de Fuxo…" subscribed the charter dated 7 Sep 1071 which records an agreement between "Wuiellmum Tolosanum comitem" and "Raimundum comitem Barchinonensem et Carchanonensem et Raimundem filium eius" settling their dispute about "castello de Laurago" [Lauragais][210]"Rogerius comes Fuxensis et coniux mea Sicardis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated to [1074], subscribed by "domni G. comitis Tolosani et domni Raymundi fratris eius comitis Ruthenæ"[211]"Rogerius comes Fuxensis et genetrix mea…Ledgardis" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated to [1074][212].  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis" and "Ermengarda vicecomitissa et…Bernardo Atonis filio eius" settled their disputes about the county of Carcassonne by charter dated 21 Apr 1095[213]Rogerius comes Fuxensis…et filius meus Rogerius” restored property to the abbey of Alet by charter dated 1108[214].  “Rogerius comes Fuxi et filii mei Rogerius et Bernardus et Petrus” donated property to the abbey of Lezat by charter dated 1120[215]. m firstly ([1073]) SICARDA, daughter of --- (-1076 or after).  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis et coniux mea Sicardis comitissa" donated property to Saint-Pons de Thomières by charter dated to [1074][216].  "Rogerius comes [et] Sicardis uxor mea" made donations to Cluny dated 25 Jan 1075 and 1076[217]m secondly ESTEFANÍA de Besalú, daughter of GUILLEM [II] "Trunus"[218] Conde de Besalú his wife Estefania de Provence.  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated Dec 1129 of her son Rogerius Fuxi comes, filius Rogerii et Stephaniæ[219]1095.  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Comte Roger [II] & his second wife had four children:

i)          ROGER [III] de Foix (-[1147/48])Rogerius comes Fuxensis…et filius meus Rogerius” restored property to the abbey of Alet by charter dated 1108[220]He succeeded his father in 1124 as Comte de Foix.   

-         see below

ii)         BERNARD de Foix (-[1120/27]).  Rogerius comes Fuxi et filii mei Rogerius et Bernardus et Petrus” donated property to the abbey of Lezat by charter dated 1120[221].

iii)        PIERRE BERNARD de FoixRogerius comes Fuxi et filii mei Rogerius et Bernardus et Petrus” donated property to the abbey of Lezat by charter dated 1120[222].  “Rogerius comes Fuxensis et fratres mei Petrus-Bernardi et Raimundus Rogerii” renounced their claim to the county of Carcassonne in favour of “Bernardo-Athonis vicecomite et cum uxore eius Cæcilia vicecomitissa, filiisque eorum Rogerio et Raimundo Trencavelli atque Bernardo” by charter dated 1 Apr 1125[223]1127.  

iv)       RAYMOND ROGER de FoixRogerius comes Fuxensis et fratres mei Petrus-Bernardi et Raimundus Rogerii” renounced their claim to the county of Carcassonne in favour of “Bernardo-Athonis vicecomite et cum uxore eius Cæcilia vicecomitissa, filiisque eorum Rogerio et Raimundo Trencavelli atque Bernardo” by charter dated 1 Apr 1125[224]1127.  m ---.  The name of Raymond Roger´s wife is not known.  Raymond Roger & his wife had one child: 

(a)       RAYMOND de Foix .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

b)         PIERRE de Foix (-after 17 Aug 1084).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Petrus comes" donated "alodem meum…in comitatu Tolosano…monte…de Fonte-rubati [Monte-Domini]" to the abbey of Cluse, with the consent of "uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Rogerii et Raymundi", by charter dated 17 Aug 1084[225]m --- (-after 17 Aug 1084).  The name of Pierre´s wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

i)          ROGER de Foix"Petrus comes" donated property to the abbey of Cluse, with the consent of "uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Rogerii et Raymundi", by charter dated 17 Aug 1084[226]

ii)         RAYMOND de Foix"Petrus comes" donated property to the abbey of Cluse, with the consent of "uxoris meæ et filiorum meorum Rogerii et Raymundi", by charter dated 17 Aug 1084[227]

4.         HERACLIUS de Foix .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1037/65.  Bishop of Bigorre 1056. 

5.         GERBERGE de Foix ([1015]-1 Dec 1049, bur Monastery of San Juan de la Peña).  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records that Ramiro married "la filla del Comte de Bigorra nombrada Hermissenda et por baptismo Gelberda"[228]The marriage contract between "Ranimirus…prolis Sanctioni regis" and "Gilberga filiam comitis Bernardi-Rodegari et comitissæ matris eius…Garsinde" is dated 22 Aug 1036 and lists her dowry as "castellum…Atheres", judged spurious by the Histoire Générale de Languedoc[229].  She adopted the name ERMESENDA as Queen of Aragon[230].  This is confirmed by the charter dated Oct 1076 under which her daughter "Sancia comitissa Ranimiri regis filia et Armissende regina" donated property to the monastery of Santa Cruz de la Serós[231]m (contract Jaca 22 Aug 1036) as his first wife, RAMIRO I King of Aragon, illegitimate son of SANCHO III King of Navarre & his mistress Sancha de Aibar (Aibar [1008]-killed in battle Graus 8 May 1063, bur Monastery of San Juan de la Peña). 

6.         [ETIENNETTE (-after 1066)"Garsea…rex, Sancionis regis filius…cum coniuge mea domina Stefania regina" granted two monasteries to abbot Gómez of Yábar by charter dated 1040[232].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   According to Marca, "les mémoires du convent de Nagara" state that she was "fille du comte de Foix", but he does not provide a direct quote or source reference[233]The Histoire Générale de Languedoc refers to a marriage contract (again, no quote or source reference) dated 1036, but this is not reproduced by Marca[234].  This is all too vague to show Stephanie´s origin other than in square brackets in this document, until more precise information comes to light.  Salazar y Acha suggests that Stephanie was a widow when she married King García, and the mother of a daughter Constanza who married her [second] husband´s illegitimate son Sancho (see below)[235].  Firstly, he says that this would explain Stephanie´s presence in Barcelona when she married, which is confirmed by the charter dated 1038 from San Juan de la Peña which names her for the first time with King García and records that he fetched her in Barcelona[236].  Secondly, it would explain the charter dated 29 Nov 1074 under which her son Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “unas casas en la ciudad de Calahorra” to “germano meo domno Sancio et uxori vestra vel germana mea domna Constanza[237], the reference to his sister-in-law as “germana mea” being unusual if she was not also his own sister.  Thirdly, it accords with the narrative in the Crónica Najerense which recounts that “infans domnus Sancius, quem rex Garsias Pampilonensium ex concubina habuerat” abducted “filiam regine Stephanie”, who was betrothed to “Santius rex”, and took her to the court of the Moorish king of Zaragoza and later to Ramiro I King of Aragon, triggering the war between Castille and Aragon in the course of which the Aragonese king was killed in 1064[238].  Salazar y Acha speculates that Stephanie´s first husband was an otherwise unidentified son of Bernardo [I] Conde de Besalú (whose possible sister was named Constanza) but this is only one of the possibilities.  However, Salazar y Acha´s hypothesis, although appealing, appears unlikely to be correct because Queen Estefania does not include Constanza in her testament dated to [1066] which names all her other known children[239].  "Garsea…rex…cum mulier mea Stephania regina" confirmed the resettlement of Villanova de Pampaneto by charter dated 1 Jan 1044[240].  "Stephanie coniugis" is named in the charter of "Garsia rex, Sancii regis filius" dated 2 Dec 1052[241].  [m firstly ([1030/35]) --- (-1038 or before).]  m [secondly] (1038) GARCIA V "él de Nájera" King of Navarre, son of SANCHO III "el Mayor" King of Navarre & his wife Munia Mayor de Castilla ([after 1020]-killed in battle Atapuerca 1 Sep 1054, bur Santa María de Nájera).]  [Etiennette & her first husband had one possible child]: 

a)         [CONSTANZA ([1033/37]-after 29 Nov 1074)"Sancius rex" granted property to "senior Sancio Furtuniones" by charter dated 7 Dec 1057, confirmed by "…Infante domno Santio et uxor eius domna Contanza…"[242].  Salazar y Acha discusses her possible parentage, her possible betrothal and her marriage[243].  The Crónica Najerense records that “infans domnus Sancius, quem rex Garsias Pampilonensium ex concubina habuerat” abducted “filiam regine Stephanie”, who was betrothed to “Santius rex”, and took her to the court of the Moorish king of Zaragoza and later to Ramiro I King of Aragon, triggering the war between Castille and Aragon during the course of which the Aragonese king was killed in 1064[244].  Salazar y Acha hypothesises that this alleged daughter of Stephanie de Foix, wife of García V King of Navarre, was Constanza, born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage with a noble at the court of Barcelona[245].  He cites the charter dated 29 Nov 1074 under which Sancho IV King of Navarre granted “unas casas en la ciudad de Calahorra” to “germano meo domno Sancio et uxori vestra vel germana mea domna Constanza[246], suggesting that it would be unusual for King Sancho to refer to his brother´s wife as “germana” unless there was also a blood relationship between them.  However, Salazar y Acha´s hypothesis, although appealing, appears unlikely to be correct because Queen Estefania does not include Constanza in her testament dated to [1066] which names all her other known children[247][Betrothed to SANCHO de Castilla y León, son of FERNANDO I "el Magno" King of Castile and León & his wife Sancha de León ([1036]-murdered Zamora 7 Oct 1072, bur Monastery of Oña).  He succeeded in 1065 as SANCHO II King of Castile.]  m (before 7 Dec 1057) SANCHO García de Navarra Señor de Uncastillo y Sangüesa, illegitimate son of GARCÍA V King of Navarre & his mistress --- ([1030/35]-after 29 Nov 1074).] 

 

 

ROGER [III] de Foix, son of ROGER [II] Comte de Foix & his second wife Estefanía de Besalú (-[1147/48])Rogerius comes Fuxensis…et filius meus Rogerius” restored property to the abbey of Alet by charter dated 1108[248].  “Rogerius comes Fuxi et filii mei Rogerius et Bernardus et Petrus” donated property to the abbey of Lezat by charter dated 1120[249]. He succeeded his father in 1124 as Comte de FoixRogerius comes Fuxensis et fratres mei Petrus-Bernardi et Raimundus Rogerii” renounced their claim to the county of Carcassonne in favour of “Bernardo-Athonis vicecomite et cum uxore eius Cæcilia vicecomitissa, filiisque eorum Rogerio et Raimundo Trencavelli atque Bernardo” by charter dated 1 Apr 1125[250].  “Rogerius Fuxi comes, filius Rogerii et Stephaniæ” issued a charter dated Dec 1129[251].  "Rogerius comes Fuxensis…[et] Essena conjux ipsius" founded the commanderie of Ville-Dieu by charter dated 27 Oct 1136[252]

[m firstly ---.  No direct evidence has been found which proves this supposed first marriage of Comte Roger [III].  However, the date of the marriage of his daughter Bradimene appears inconsistent with her having been the daughter of his wife Jimena de Barcelona.] 

m [secondly] (before [8 Jul] 1130) JIMENA de Barcelona, daughter of RAMON BERENGUER [III] Conde de Barcelona & his [third wife Dulce Ctss de Provence] ([1117/18]-after 1136).  The testament of "Raimundus Berengarii…Barchinonensis comes et marchio" dated [8 Jul] 1130 names "Raimundo Berengarii filio meo…et filie mee ipsa de Castella et illa de Fuxo"[253].  Her name is more recognisably reproduced in the charter dated Nov 1149 of her son "Roggerus-Bernardi comes Fuxensis, filius Roggerii et Xaminiæ"[254].  In most secondary sources, Jimena is shown as the daughter of her father´s first marriage and widow of Bernat [III] Conde de Besalú.  However, no primary source has yet been identified which confirms that this is correct and several reasons point to it being unlikely.  Firstly, if Jimena had been the widow of the last comte de Besalú, her second husband would presumably have had the right to claim the county in her name, and there appears to be no indication that he ever did this.  Secondly, the testament of her father names "filie mee…illa de Fuxo" after his daughter "ipsa de Castella".  This would normally indicate that the former was younger than the latter.  The only possible reason for reversing the order of his daughters would have been the supposed precedence of the queen of Castile over the comtesse de Foix.  However, no other example of this adjustment to the order of names in primary source documents has been found, except those justified by the supposed precedence of children holding ecclesiastical office over lay children.  Thirdly, Jimena would have named her daughter after her own mother.  Fourthly, the dates of marriage of Jimena´s two known children, in the 1150s, suggest that they were born in the 1130s, which is not inconsistent with Jimena having been born from her father´s third marriage.  This appears to be corroborated by the charter dated 26 Oct 1136 by which “Rogerius comes Fuxensis [et] Essena coniux ipsius” founded the commanderie of Ville-Dieu which refers to "infantes nostros"[255].  The date of the marriage of Comte Roger´s daughter Bradimène is inconsistent with this hypothesis, unless she was born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage, or was illegitimate, as is proposed below.  The only factor which appears to indicate the co-identity of the two daughters is that Jimena could have been named after her maternal grandmother, mother of her father´s first wife.  However, the name was not uncommon in Spain at the time, and it is quite possible that Jimena was named after another relative.  Until further primary source data emerges which contradicts this hypothesis, it has been decided to show Jimena has her father´s daughter by his third marriage in this document. 

Comte Roger [III] & his [first] wife had one child: 

1.         BRADIMENE de FoixRogerius comes Fuxensis” donated property to “filia meæ Braidimendæ et marito suo Guillelmo de Alona” by charter dated Mar 1131[256].  As noted above, the date of this marriage appears inconsistent with Bradimène having been the daughter of Roger [III]´s wife Jimena de Barcelona, especially noting the date of the marriage of his younger daughter.  Another possibility is that Bradimène was Comte Roger´s illegitimate daughter.  m (Mar 1131) GUILLAUME d'Aniort Seigneur de Niort {Niort-de-Sault, Aude} Vicomte de Sault, son of ---.  

Comte Roger [III] & his [second] wife had two children: 

2.         ROGER BERNARD [I] "le Gros" de Foix (-Nov 1188)"Roggerus-Bernardi comes Fuxensis, filius Roggerii et Xaminiæ" shared property with the abbey of Saint Antonin de Pamiers by charter dated 1149 which names "avum meum Roggerium" by charter dated Nov 1149[257]He succeeded his father in [1147/48] as Comte de FoixPe de Sant Feliz et Ber de Sant Feliz, mos fraire, et filii mei Guillelmus Petri e P. Guillelm e Bertrans e Galards” swore allegiance to “Ro comte de Fois fil de Eissamena et…a Ro fil de Cecilia” by charter dated Aug 1176[258]Governor of Provence 1185.  m ([1151]) CECILE de Béziers, daughter of RAYMOND "Trencavel" Vicomte de Béziers et d'Albi & his wife Adelaide --- (-after 4 Dec 1167).  Her marriage is indicated by the charter dated 1160 under which Arnaldus de Cher filius de Berengaria” swore allegiance to “Rogerio-Bernardo comite de Foys, fil de Eissamena, et filio tuo Rogerio fil de Cecelia"[259].  Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 4 Dec 1167 under which “Raymundus comes Tolosæ" donated property to "Rogerio Bernardi Fuxensi comiti, viro Cæciliæ filiæ quondam Trencavelli, et eidem Cæciliæ" previously held by "Rogerius frater supra nominati Trencavelli in fine vitæ suæ"[260]Comte Roger Bernard [I] & his wife had [five] children: 

a)         ROGER de Foix (before 1160-1182).  Arnaldus de Cher filius de Berengaria” swore allegiance to “Rogerio-Bernardo comite de Foys, fil de Eissamena, et filio tuo Rogerio fil de Cecelia" by charter dated 1160[261].  “Pe de Sant Feliz et Ber de Sant Feliz, mos fraire, et filii mei Guillelmus Petri e P. Guillelm e Bertrans e Galards” swore allegiance to “Ro comte de Fois fil de Eissamena et…a Ro fil de Cecilia” by charter dated Aug 1176[262]

b)         RAYMOND ROGER de Foix (-Château de Mirepoix 27 Mar 1223)"Rogerius Bernardi...comes Fuxi" names "bonæ memorie dominus Raymundus Rogerii pater noster...etiam comes Fuxi" in a charter dated 15 Mar 1199, witnessed by "...Esclarmunda soror comitis Fuxensis..."[263]He succeeded his father in 1188 as Comte de Foix.  

-        see below.

c)         daughter The marriage contract between “Rogerius-Bernardi comes Fuxensis Essemenæ filius...filiam suam” and “Arnaldus-Bernardi de Marcafaba filius Gallardæ...Arnaldus-Bernardi...filium suum" is dated Dec 1162[264]m (contract Dec 1162) ARNAUD GUILLAUME de Marquefave, son of ARNAUD BERNARD de Marquefave {Haute-Garonne} & his wife ---. 

d)         ESCLARMONDE de Foix (-after 1215)"Rogerius Bernardi...comes Fuxi" names "bonæ memorie dominus Raymundus Rogerii pater noster...etiam comes Fuxi" in a charter dated 15 Mar 1199, witnessed by "...Esclarmunda soror comitis Fuxensis..."[265].  "Jordanus de Insula" swore his testament on his deathbed Sep 1200 in which he named "uxori meae Esclarmondae"[266].  "Esclarmunda soror...comitis Fuxi Ra. Rogerii" donated property to "sanctæ Mariæ de Bolbona" by charter dated 1201[267]She was known as "la Grande Esclarmonde", a famous Catharist "parfaite", as shown by the charter dated 21 Apr 1244 in which "Berengarius d'Avelanet" charged with inquiring into heresies swore that "apud Fanojovis {Fanjaux, Aude} ...Esclarmunda, soror Raimundi Rogerii comitis Fuxensis, avi istius comitis Fuxensis uxor Jordani de Insula" had welcomed heretics[268].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records that "la sœur de Bernard Roger comte de Foix se montrait ouvertement protectrice de l´Hérésie"[269]m JOURDAIN [III] Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [II] Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain {Gers} & his wife Escaronne de Terrides {near Labourgade, Tarn-et-Garonne} (-[Sep 1200/1204]). 

e)         [daughter Her family origin is indicated by the Historia Albigensium of Pierre de Vaux-Cernay which records that [her son] "Rogerius de Comenge consanguineus comitis Fuxi" at first supported Simon de Montfort against Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse[270]Europäische Stammtafeln suggests that she was the daughter of Roger Bernard [I] Comte de Foix[271].  The primary source which confirms this relationship has not been identified.  m ROGER [I] Vicomte de Couserans, son of BERNARD [III] Comte de Comminges & his wife --- de Toulouse (-before 3 Apr 1211).] 

3.         DULCE (Dolça) de Foix (-15 Feb or 25 Dec 1209, bur monastery of Bellpuig de les Avellanes)According to the Gesta Comitum Barcinonensium, "comes Urgelli Ermengaudus [VII]" married "neptem…domini Raimundi-Berengarii…Comitis Barchinonæ ac Principis Aragoniæ"[272]"Ermengaudus…Urgellensium comes et marchio cum dompna comittissa…Dulcia coniuge mea" granted property to vassals by charter dated 26 Sep 1157[273].  "Ermengaudus…Urgellensis comes et eius coniux Dulcia comitissa illorumque filius Ermengaudus" donated property to the monastery of Poblet by charter dated 26 Jun 1170[274].  The martyrology of Solsona Santa Maria records the death "XV Kal Mar" of “Dulcia Urgellensis comitissa[275].  An epitaph in the church of the monastery of Santa Maria de Bellpuig records the burial there of "Dulcia Urgelli Comitissa, Raymundi Berengarii Comitis Barcinonensis et Aragonum Principis ex sorore et Rogerio Fuxensi Comite…neptis, Ermengaudi Comitis Urgelli…coniux"[276]m (1157 before 3 May) ARMENGOL [VII] "él de Valencia" Conde de Urgel, son of ARMENGOL [VI] "el Castellano" Conde de Urgel & his first wife doña Arsenda de Cabrera ([1120/30]-murdered Requena 11 Aug 1184, bur Monastery of Bellpuig de les Avellanes). 

 

 

RAYMOND ROGER de Foix, son of ROGER BERNARD [I] "el Gordo" Comte de Foix & his wife Cécile de Béziers (-Château de Mirepoix 27 Mar 1223)"Rogerius Bernardi...comes Fuxi" names "bonæ memorie dominus Raymundus Rogerii pater noster...etiam comes Fuxi" in a charter dated 15 Mar 1199, witnessed by "...Esclarmunda soror comitis Fuxensis..."[277]He succeeded his father in 1188 as Comte de Foix.  Vicomte de Narbonne [1193/94]: Alfonso II King of Aragon granted the vicomté de Narbonne to "Raymundo-Rotgerii...nepoti meo" by charter dated Jun 1193[278], presumably confiscated from Pedro Manrique de Lara Vicomte de Narbonne.  The grant to Raymond Roger must, however, have been short-lived as a charter dated 8 Nov 1193 records an agreement between "comitem Petrum, vicecomitem Narbonæ" and "Guillelmum Monetarium"[279].  "Raymundus filius domini Raymundi...ducis Narbonæ, comitis Tolosæ, marchionis Provinciæ, et filius dominæ reginæ Johannæ" granted property "Montis-Albani et Altis-montis et Montis-acuti et Insulæ-amatæ" to "Raymundo Rogerii...comiti Fuxi et Rogerio Bernardi filio vestro, et filio dicti Rogerii Bernardi" by charter dated 24 Jun 1220[280].  The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[281].  The Præclara Francorum facinora records the death in Jul 1222 of "Bernardus Rogerii comes Fuxii in obsidione Castri Mirapicis"[282].  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records the death of "Bernard Roger Comte de Foix", in the same year as Raymond VI Comte de Toulouse (1222), "au siège de Mirepoix non d´une blessure mais d´un ulcère malin"[283].  The Chronicle of Toulouse Saint-Saturnin records the death in 1222 of "Raimundus Rogerii comes Fuxii"[284]

m ([1189]) [PHILIPPA, daughter of ---.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Phelipa" as the wife of "Mossen Ramond Roger"[285].  This appears to be the only reference to the name of Comte Raymond Roger´s wife, but the source is too late to give much credibility to its account of the early comtes de Foix which is garbled.] 

Comte Raymond Roger & his wife had two children: 

1.         ROGER BERNARD [II] "le Grand" de Foix (-1241 after 20 May, bur abbey of Boulbonne {Mazères, Ariège})The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[286].  "Raymundus filius domini Raymundi...ducis Narbonæ, comitis Tolosæ, marchionis Provinciæ, et filius dominæ reginæ Johannæ" granted property "Montis-Albani et Altis-montis et Montis-acuti et Insulæ-amatæ" to "Raymundo Rogerii...comiti Fuxi et Rogerio Bernardi filio vestro, et filio dicti Rogerii Bernardi" by charter dated 24 Jun 1220[287]He succeeded his father in 1223 as Comte de Foix.  He succeeded as Vescomte de Castellbò {provincia de Lérida/Lleida, Catalonia}, de iure uxorisThe testament, dated 20 May 1241, of "Rogerius Bernardi…comes Fuxensis" names "filium meum Rogerium de Fuxo vicecomitem  Castriboni…Cecilie filie mee…uxori mee Ermengardi…filia mea Esclarmunda" and specifies his request for burial "in monasterio beate Marie Bolbone".  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Puylaurens records the death 4 May, in 1241 from the context, of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix"[288], although the date must be inaccurate if his testament is correctly dated as shown above.  m firstly (10 Jan 1203) ERMESINDA de Castellbò, daughter of ARNAL Vescomte de Castellbò [Castelbón] & his wife Arnalda de Caboet (-after 28 Dec 1229, bur Costoga).  A charter dated 11 Jun 1201 records an agreement between “Arnallum de Castrobon vicecomitem” and “Petrum d´Orchas" concerning "castro de Taus et de Chastel et de Sauched et de Sauchadel", signed by "domine Arnalle Capodecii, Ermesendis filie sue…"[289].  Her parentage is indicated by the testament dated 8 Sep 1226 under which "A[rnaldus] vicecomes de Castribono" bequeathed his vizcondad to "comiti de Fox et comitisse et filio eorum Rotgario"[290]"Arnaldus de Castrobono" promised "Ermengaudo comiti Urgelli" never to marry "Ermesendem filiam meam, vel aliam filiam meam, de me in Arnalda uxore mea, procreatam" to "Rogerio Bernardi vel alio filio Raimundi Rogerii comitis de Foix" by charter dated 30 Sep 1203[291] The date of the marriage is not known.  The testament of "Ermessindis...comitissa Fuxensis ac vicecomitissa Castro-bono" is dated 28 Dec 1229, on her deathbed, chooses her burial "in hospitio beatæ Mariæ de Costoga", names "pater meus Arnaldus de Castro-bono...virum meum comitem Fuxensem...Rogerio de Foix filio meo...[et] filiæ meæ"[292]m secondly (contract 23 Jan 1232) ERMENGARDE de Narbonne, daughter of AIMERY [III] Vicomte de Narbonne & his [second/third] wife [Adelaide ---/Marguerite de Marly].  The marriage contract of "Rogerio-Bernardo...comiti Fuxensi" and "Aymericus...vicecomes Narbonæ...Ermengardi...filiæ", on the advice of "Mathæi de Malliaco cognati nostri", is dated 23 Jan 1232 and names "Aymerico et Amalrico filiis nostris"[293].  The reference to "Mathæi de Malliaco" suggests that Ermengarde was the daughter of Aimery [III]´s [third] marriage, although if this is correct she would have been only ten years old or younger at the time of the marriage contract.  Comte Roger Bernard [II] & his first wife had two children: 

a)         ROGER [IV] de Foix (-24 Feb 1265)His parentage is indicated by the testament dated 8 Sep 1226 under which "A[rnaldus] vicecomes de Castribono" bequeathed his vizcondad to "comiti de Fox et comitisse et filio eorum Rotgario"[294]Vizconde de Castellbó.  He succeeded his father in 1241 as ROGER IV Comte de Foix.   

-        see below

b)         ESCLARMONDE de Foix The testament of "Ermessindis...comitissa Fuxensis ac vicecomitissa Castro-bono" is dated 28 Dec 1229, on her deathbed, chooses her burial "in hospitio beatæ Mariæ de Costoga", names "pater meus Arnaldus de Castro-bono...virum meum comitem Fuxensem...Rogerio de Foix filio meo...[et] filiæ meæ"[295].  "Rogerius Bernardi...comes de Fox et Rogerius de Fox filius eius" and "Raymundus Fulconis...vicecomes Cardonæ et domina Terrogia...vicecomitissa Cardonensis et Raymundus de Cardona filius noster" agreed the marriage firstly of Roger de Foix and "Brunissendem filiam de vobis", and secondly of "Esclermondam filiam de vobis comite de Fox" and "Raymundus de Cardona", by charter dated 17 Feb 1231[296]m (contract 17 Feb 1231) as his first wife, RAMON Folch [V] de Cardona Vizconde de Cardona, son of don RAMON Folch [IV] de Cardona Vizconde de Cardona & his wife doña Inés Señora de Tarroja [-de Segarra].

Comte Roger Bernard [II] & his second wife had one child:

c)         CECILE de Foix (-1270).  The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "hermana de roger conté de Foyx…Secilia" as the second wife of "Aluaro…conte de Urgel"[297]The Gesta comitum Barcinonensium records that "Alvaro" married secondly "sororem Rogerii comitis Fuxensis...Cœcilia"[298]m (1256) as his second wife, ÁLVARO de Cabrera Conde de Urgel, son of don PONCE de Cabrera Conde de Urgel & his second [bigamous] wife doña María Girón (Mar 1239-Foix Mar 1267). 

2.         AIMERY (-after 25 Apr 1229).  The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[299].  A charter dated 25 Apr 1229 records allegiance of "Rogerio Bernardi comiti Fuxensi" to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse, naming “Aimericum et Lupum fratres nostros et Athonem Arnaldi[300]

3.         CECILE de Foix The testament of Raymond Roger Comte de Foix is dated May 1222 and names his children Roger Bernard, Aimery and Cécile[301].  The contract of marriage between "Bernardum Convenarum, filius D. Bernardi Convenarum comitis" and "Sezeliæ...sorori D. Rogeri Bernardi comitis Fuxi" is dated 6 May 1224, witnessed by "...Petrus de Insula..."[302]m (6 May 1224) BERNARD [V] de Comminges, son of BERNARD [IV] Comte de Comminges & his second wife Comtors de La Barthe (1196-Lanta 30 Nov 1241, bur Bonnefont).   He succeeded his father in 1225 as Comte de Comminges. 

Comte Raymond Roger had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

4.          LOUP de Foix (-after 2 May 1259).  A charter dated 25 Apr 1229 records allegiance of "Rogerio Bernardi comiti Fuxensi" to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse, naming “Aimericum et Lupum fratres nostros et Athonem Arnaldi[303].  It is assumed that Loup was illegitimate as he is not named in his father’s testament dated May 1222 (see above).  Seigneur de Saverdun, co-seigneur de Mirepoix {Ariège}.] 

-        see below, Part B. SEIGNEURS de SAVERDUN, SEIGNEURS de RABAT

5.          ESCLARMONDE de Foix .  The marriage contract of "Rogerius Bernardi comes Fuxi...sororem meam Esclarmundam" and "Bernardo de Alione" is dated 13 Jan 1236, and names "frater meus Arnaldus de So"[304].  Esclarmonde must have been considerably younger than her legitimate half-brothers and sisters.  A Cathar.  m (contract 13 Jan 1236) BERNARD/BERNAT d'Alion/de Alione/de Llo Baron d'Usson/du Son/de Sono {Aude} Seigneur de Donezan {Ariège} (-1258).  A Cathar, he was burned on a charge of heresy.  The families d'Alion, de Son (d'Usson) and d'Aniort (Niort) had merged about 1150, when Arnaud de Son married the only daughter of Bernard d'Alion, but retained both names: their sons were Bernard d'Alion and Renaud d'Usson. 

 

 

ROGER [IV] de Foix, son of ROGER BERNARD [II] "le Grand" Comte de Foix & his first wife Ermesinda de Castellbò (-24 Feb 1265)His parentage is indicated by the testament dated 8 Sep 1226 under which "A[rnaldus] vicecomes de Castribono" bequeathed his vizcondad to "comiti de Fox et comitisse et filio eorum Rotgario"[305].  The testament of "Ermessindis...comitissa Fuxensis ac vicecomitissa Castro-bono" is dated 28 Dec 1229, on her deathbed, chooses her burial "in hospitio beatæ Mariæ de Costoga", names "pater meus Arnaldus de Castro-bono...virum meum comitem Fuxensem...Rogerio de Foix filio meo...[et] filiæ meæ"[306]He succeeded his father in 1241 as Comte de Foix, Vescomte de Castellbò et de Cerdagne/Cerdanya.  Rogerius…comes Fuxi et vicecomes Castriboni” confirmed the commitment of “dominum Rogerium Bernardi comitem Fuxensem quondam, bone memorie, patrem nostrum” to “domino R….comite Tholosano, marchione Provincie” relating to “castrum Savarduni” by charter dated 28 Jun 1241[307]Père Anselme records his testament dates 1263[308]

m (contract 17 Feb 1231) doña BRUNISENDA de Cardona, daughter of don RAMÓN Folch [VIII] de Cardona Vizconde de Cardona & his wife doña Inés Señora de Torroja {now Tarroja de Segarra} (-1289 or 22 Mar 1293).  "Rogerius Bernardi...comes de Fox et Rogerius de Fox filius eius" and "Raymundus Fulconis...vicecomes Cardonæ et domina Terrogia...vicecomitissa Cardonensis et Raymundus de Cardona filius noster" agreed the marriage firstly of Roger de Foix and "Brunissendem filiam de vobis", and secondly of "Esclermondam filiam de vobis comite de Fox" and "Raymundus de Cardona", by charter dated 17 Feb 1231[309].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Brunissen de Cardonna" as the wife of "Mossen Roger…fil de Mossen Roger Bernard lo Gran"[310]A document dated 21 Apr 1250 concerns the payment of her dowry[311]"Brunissendis...comitissa Fuxi" granted property "in terra nostra Carcassesii" to "Rogerio Bernardi filio nostro" by charter dated 18 Apr 1265[312]The martyrology of Solsona Santa Maria records the death "XI Kal Apr" 1293 of “dña Brunissen...comitissa Fuxi et vicecomitissa Castriboni soror nostra[313]

Comte Roger [IV] & his wife had six children: 

1.         ROGER BERNARD [III] de Foix (-3 Mar 1303).  Vescomte de Castellbò.  Senyor d'Andorra.  A document dated 25 Jul 1260 records that Roger Bernard received the vizcondad de Castellbò and all the Foix possessions "beyond the Pyrenees" (including Andorra)[314].  He succeeded his father in 1265 as Comte de Foix, Vicomte de Cerdagne, under the guardianship of his mother[315].  He succeeded as Vicomte de Béarn in 1290, de iure uxorism (contract Layrac {Tarn-et-Garonne} 14 Oct 1252) MARGUERITE de Béarn, daughter of GASTON [VII] de Montcada Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Mathe de Mastas Ctss de Bigorre ([1245/50]-after 1310).  She succeeded her father in 1290 as Vicomtesse de Béarn, de Marsan et de Gabardan, and her sister in 1310 as Comtesse de Bigorre (en partie).  “Garsindis comitissa mater Gastonis...vicecomitis Bearni” agreed the marriage contract between “dictum dominum Gastonem...Marguaritam filiam” and “Rogerium...comitem Fuxensem et vicecomitem Castri-boni...Rogerium Bernardi filium”, dated 14 Oct 1252[316].  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[317]Comte Roger Bernard [III] & his wife had five children: 

a)         CONSTANCE (-after 8 Sep 1332, bur Beaulieu monastery, Mirepoix)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Constansa…molher de Mossen Johan de Levis seignor de Mirapeys" as the second of the three daughters of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix…[et] de Madona Margarida de Bearn"[318].  A fragment written by Bernard Guidonis records the presence of "domino marescallo de Mirapice cum conjuge sua domina Constancia filia quondam comitis Fuxi, cum fratribus suis, consanguineis germanis ipsius domini Johannis de Monte Forti" at the reburial of the body of the latter at Castres in 1305[319]Père Anselme records her testament dated 8 Sep 1332[320]m (10 Feb 1297) JEAN [I] de Lévis, son of GUY [III] de Lévis Maréchal de Mirepoix & his wife Isabelle de Marly [Montmorency] (-21 Feb 1319).  He succeeded his father as Maréchal de Mirepoix, Seigneur de Mirepoix et de Lévis. 

b)         MATHE The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (contract 31 Oct 1294) as his first wife, BERNARD [IV] Comte d'Astarac, son of CENTULE [III] Comte d´Astarac & his wife Assalide d´Albret (-after 1326). 

c)         MARGUERITE (-1304)The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (30 Nov 1291) BERNARD JOURDAIN [III] de l'Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [V] Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Guillelme de Durfort (-1340).  He succeeded his father as Seigneur de l´Isle-Jourdain. 

d)         BRUNISENDE (-before 21 Nov 1324)"Helias Talyrandi…comes Petragorensis vicecomes Leomaniæ et Altivillaris" confirmed receipt of the dowry relating to his marriage with "dominæ Brunissendis uxoris suæ, filiæ…domini Rogeri Bernardi…comitis Fuxi" dated 1297[321].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Brunisen…molher de Mossen Elias de Peyragort" as the first of the three daughters of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix…[et] de Madona Margarida de Bearn"[322].  “Archambaldus comes Petragoricensis major 14 annis et minor 25 annis et...domina Brunissendis de Fuxo mater sua” appointed the latter as guardian of the former by charter dated Dec 1316[323].  Her death is dated from a letter of condolence sent 21 Nov 1324 by Pope John XXII to her son Archambaud [IV] on the death of his mother[324]m (1298) as his second wife, HELIE [VII] Comte de Périgord, son of ARCHAMBAUD [III] Comte de Périgord & his first wife --- ([1258/62]-1316). 

e)         GASTON [I] de Foix (1287-killed in battle Pontoise 13 Dec 1315, bur Paris, église des Jacobins)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Gaston" as the son of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix"[325]He succeeded his father in 1302 Comte de Foix, under the regency of his mother. 

-        see below

Comte Roger Bernard [III] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

f)          ARNAUD (-after 24 Mar 1350).  Père Anselme names him[326].  Bishop of Pamiers 1299. 

2.         PIERRE de Foix (-after 1249).  Père Anselme states that Pierre de Foix was named with his brother Roger Bernard [III] in a charter dated 1249 under which their father discharged the abbot of Lezat from hosting an annual dinner to the comte de Foix[327]

3.         SIBYLLE de Foix (-before 1289)Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner which records that "Don Amalric de Narbonne…et le seigneur infant Jacques d´Arragon" had married "deux sœurs, filles du comte de Foix", adding that the bride was aged 14[328].  A charter dated 24 Mar 1271 records the agreement between "dominum Aymericum et dominum Amalricum fratres, filios quondam domini Amalrici...vicecomitis et domini Narbone" concerning their father´s inheritance, later confirmed by "Sibylia uxor dicti domini Aymerici et domina Alcayeta uxor dicti domini Amalrici"[329]m (before 24 Mar 1271) AIMERY [IV] Vicomte de Narbonne, son of AMALRIC [I] Vicomte de Narbonne & his wife Philippa d'Anduze (-1298). 

4.         ESCLARMONDE [Esclarmunda] de Foix (-after 22 Nov 1299)The Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner records the marriage of "l´ infant Jacques" and "la fille du comte de Foix", adding that the bride was aged 14[330].  This age while not suprising in medieval times, seems young considering the marriage date of her parents.  "Gaufridus Vicecomes de Rocabertino" signed a contract dated 1 Sep 1275, in the presence of "domini Rogerii Bernardi…Comitis Fuxensis et Vicecomitis Castriboni et dominæ Brunissendis…Comitissæ Fuxensis matris eiusdem domini Comitis, necnon et dominæ Esclarmundæ sororis dicti domini Comitis et filiæ dictæ dominæ Comitissæ", as proxy for "domini Infantis Jacobi filii…domini Regis Arag." for the latter's marriage with Esclarmonde, the document naming her father "Rogerii quondam Comitis Fuxensis"[331].  A charter dated 15 Oct 1275 notes the marriage between "domina Sclarmunda filia quondam domini Rogerii…Comitis Fuxensis et Vicecomitis Castri-boni" and "dominum infantem Jacobum…Regis Aragonum filium, heredem Majoricarum, Montispessulani, Rossilionis, Ceritaniæ et Confluentis", also naming "fratis nostri domini Rogerii Bernardi…Comitis Fuxensis et Vicecomitis Castri-boni et dominiæ Brunissendis matris nostræ Comitissæ Fuxensis et Vicecomitissæ Castri-boni"[332]m (contract 1 Sep 1275, 15 Oct 1275) Infante don JAIME de Aragón, son of don JAIME I "el Conquistador" King of Aragon & his second wife Iolanda of Hungary (Barcelona [or Montpellier?] 1243-Palma de Mallorca 29 May 1311).  He succeeded his father in 1276 as JAIME II King of Mallorca

5.         AGNES (-after 1256)The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ESCHIVAT [I] de Chabanais Comte de Bigorre, son of JOURDAIN [VIII] de Chabanais {Charente} Seigneur de Confolens {Charente} & his wife Alice de Montfort [-l'Amaury] Comtesse de Bigorre (-after 18 Aug 1283). 

6.         PHILIPPA (-after 1304)Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, adding that she married “jeune l’an 1255”, without citing any source which corroborates the information[333].  Under his testament dated 1304, her husband bequeathed property to her and gave her the option of living either at Couserans or at Saint-Giron after his death[334]m ([1255]) ARNAUD [I] de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans, son of ROGER [III] de Comminges Vicomte de Couserans & his wife Grise d'Espagne Dame d'Espagne et de Montespan {Haute-Garonne} (-after 1304). 

Roger [IV] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

7.         MARQUESE bâtarde de Foix .  Père Anselme states that her father bequeathed property to her in his testament[335]m PIERRE-ANDRE, son of ---.  

 

 

GASTON [I] de Foix, son of ROGER BERNARD [III] Comte de Foix & his wife Marguerite de Béarn (1287-abbaye de Maubuisson, Pontoise 13 Dec 1315, bur Paris, église des Jacobins)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Gaston" as the son of "Roger Bernard comte de Foix"[336].  His birth date is deduced from the fact that he was under the age of puberty in 1299, and that in 1301 he could be legally emancipated, meaning that he had reached the age of 14.  He succeeded his father in 1302 as Comte de Foix, under the regency of his mother.  A charter dated 1302 records that Philippe IV King of France summoned "comitem Fuxi, Margaritam comitissam Fuxo eius matrem, comitissam Armaignensem relictam domini Geraldi de Armaniaco, Constanciam vicecomitissam de Marciano, et Guillermam de Bearno dominam de Moncada" as proxy for "consortis nostre regine, Guillelmo Tesson militi et Lore vicecomitisse Turenne" for a hearing relating to the county of Bigorre[337]He was mortally wounded at the battle of Pontoise.  The Flores historiarum of Bernard Guidonis records the death "in festo sanctæ Luciæ in Sabbato...apud Pontisaram" in 1315 of "Gasto comes Fuxi et dominus de Bearnio in juvenili ætate" and his burial "Parisius in ecclesia fratrum Prædicatorum"[338]

m (contract Senlis Oct 1301) JEANNE d'Artois, daughter of PHILIPPE d'Artois Seigneur de Conques & his wife Blanche de Bretagne (1289-after 24 Mar 1350).  The Chronicle of Guillaume de Nangis records that the second daughter of "Philippus filius Roberti comitis Attrebatensis" married "Gasto filius Remundi Bernardi comitis Fuxinensis"[339].  Letters of Philippe IV "le Bel" King of France dated 7 April 1299 at Saint-Germain-en-Laye recall the private agreements between "Rogerius Bernardi comes Fuxi et vicecomes Bearnii" and "Philippus primogenitus…consanguinei nostri Roberti comitis Attrebatensis tempore quo vivebat" relating to the marriage between "Gasconem Fuxi primogeniti dicti comitis" and "Johannam filiam dicti Philippi"[340].   The final marriage contract is contained in letters of King Philippe IV dated Oct 1301 at Senlis which, taking into account the recent emancipation of Gaston de Foix, confirm (at the latter's request) the marriage between "Gastonem filium et fidelem nostrum Rogerium comitis Fuxensis" and "consanguineam nostram Johannam natam pie memorie Philippi primogeniti…consanguinei et fidelis nostri comitis Attrebatensis"[341].  Her son Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his mother "egregiae dominae Johannae de Atrabato matri nostrae carissimae"[342].  Her influence on her husband caused permanent conflict with the local nobility and administration, who in 1317 issued a request to the Parliament[343] in order to discharge her from the guardianship of her children, accusing her of prodigality and dissoluteness.  A charter dated 1317 prevented “dominæ Johannæ de Atrabato matri dictorum liberorum” from having the guardianship of “Gasto primogenitus masculus D. Gastonis quondam comitis Fuxi, et alii liberii ipsius domini comitis…tres filii et tres filiæ[344].  Despite a compromise signed in 1325 in Beaugency, conflicts with her son became more frequent and in 1331 Gaston II was authorized by King Philippe VI to imprison her at the château de Foix.  She was later moved in turn to Orthez and Lourdes.  She was released in 1347 at the request of her son Robert de Foix, bishop of Lavaur and moved to Carbonne.  Michelet[345] suggested a link between her imprisonment in 1331 and the fact that, at the same time, her brother Robert d'Artois was being sued for forgery and accused of witchcraft practices aimed at removing the king. 

Comte Gaston [I] & his wife had six children: 

1.         GASTON [II] "le Preux" de Foix (1308-Algeciras or Seville 26 Sep 1343)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Gaston…Mossen Roger Bernard…vescomte de Castelbo et seignor de Moncada…[et] Mossen Robert…avesque de Lavaur" as the three sons of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[346]He succeeded his father in 1315 as Comte de Foix

-        see below

2.         ROGER BERNARD [IV] ([1310]-Orthez {Pyrenées-Atlantiques} 1350 after 24 Mar)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Gaston…Mossen Roger Bernard…vescomte de Castelbo et seignor de Moncada…[et] Mossen Robert…avesque de Lavaur" as the three sons of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[347]Vescomte de Castellbò.  His brother Comte Gaston [II] donated "vicecomitatum Castriboni et terram Urgellesi, et baronnias de Montecathano et de Castro Veteri et etiam villas et loca de Terrua, de Comabaternie, de Valle Ferreria, nec non et loca seu illud quae habebat in villa de Podio Ceritano et in comitatu Ceritanie et Coffletis cum omnibus iuribus, dominationibus ac pertinenciis locorum et villarum predictarum et etiam in alia terra Cataloniae … exceptis et sibi retentis ante omnia dum taxat castro de Sono et terra Donazani ac valle de Andorra cum iuribus et pertinentiis suis" to Roger Bernard [III] by document dated 5 Jul 1329[348].  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, "nos Rogerius Bernardi de Fuxo, vicecomes CastriBoni et dominus baroniarum de MonteCathano, de CastroVeteri et de MaloVicino" names his mother "egregiae dominae Johannae de Atrabato matri nostrae carissimae", his wife  "nobili Constanciae uxori nostrae", their two daughters "Margaritae filiae nostrae legitimae ... Blanchae filiae nostrae legitimae", their son "Rodgerium Bernardi filium nostrum legitimum" whom he appointed as sole legatee, the latter's wife "filia de Noualiis uxore sua", and his nephew "nepos noster Gasto comes Fuxi filius fratris nostri comitis Fuxi quondam"[349].  He also named several illegitimate children, and a list of some more to come.  m CONSTANZA de Luna Señora de Segorbe/Sogorb {Alto Palancia, Castellón}, Paterna {Horte Oest, Valencia}, La Puebla [de Vallbona], El Alton Mijares {Castellón}, daughter of ARTAL de Luna & his wife Constanza Pérez de Aragón Señora de Segorbe ([1310]-before 17 Jan 1353).  Her husband Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his wife  "nobili Constanciae uxori nostrae"[350].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  She was regent of the vizcondad de Castellbò from 1350 to her death.  The widowed Constanza granted the property which she had received under her marriage contract to her son by document dated 22 Sep 1351[351].  He refused the grant, but Hugo vezconde de Cardona issued a referee's decision in favour of Constanza by document dated 8 Nov 1351[352].  Her death date is ascertained from letters dated 17 Jan 1353 under which Pedro IV King of Aragon noted that "nobilem quondam Constanciam de Luna vicecomitissam CastriBoni, matrem et tutricem legitimam nobilis et dilecti nostri Rogerii Bernardi de Fuxio vicecomitis Castriboni" had died[353].  Roger Bernard [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         ROGER BERNARD [V] ([1333/38]-1381).  His father Roger Bernard [IV] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his wife and their son "Rodgerium Bernardi filium nostrum legitimum" whom he appointed as sole legatee[354]His birth date range is estimated from letters dated 17 Jan 1353 under which Pedro IV King of Aragon noted that he was "minor…viginti annis et maior quattuordecim" and appointed another guardian[355].  He succeeded his father as Vescomte de Castellbò, under the regency of his mother.  The fact of this regency is proved by letters of remission dated 15 Mar 1353 under which Pedro IV King of Aragon granted to "vos nobilis et dilectus domesticus noster Rogerius Bernardi de Fuxo vicecomes Castriboni" for assaulting "Constancia de Luna quondam vicecomitissa Castriboni mater et tutrix vestra" with a gang of noble youths and taking off her hands the administration of the vizcondad de Castellbò ("privastis dictam nobilem matrem et tutricem vestram ab administratione dicti vicecomitatus … et iniugendo de facto potius quam de iure officialibus et aliis hominibus dicti vicecomitatus ne dictae vicecomitissae obedirent, seu ei de aliquo responderent") through violence and intimidation ("iniuriis mortis illicitas et alias violentias contra eandem nobilem attemptatas … coacta terroribus atque minis et tamquam capta, detenta et per dictos familiares vestros inducta habuit facere donationem vos de omnibus bonis suis")[356]Seigneur de Navailles {in Navailles-Angos, Pyrénées-Atlantiques}, de iure uxorisThe testament dated 2 Nov 1361 at Barcelona of "Rogerius Bernardi de Fuxio Dei gratia vicecomes CastriBoni dominusque de Navalles, MontisCateni et CastriVeteris" names "nobilis et praepotens vir dominus Rogerius Bernardi genitor noster felicis memoriae" and "Isabelli filiæ nostræ" appointing her his heir if he had no male descendants[357]m (before 24 Mar 1350) GERAUDE Dame de Navailles et de Sault, daughter of GARCIE ARNAUD [IV] de Navailles Baron de Navailles et de Sault & his wife Béarnaise de Miramont (-1384, bur abbaye de Pontaut {Mant, Landes}).  Her marriage contract dated to [1346/50] between "…dominus R B de Fuxo miles vicecomes Castri Boni ex una parte et nobilis domina Bearnesia de Miramonte domina de Navalhiis et de Saltu ex altera" records the proposed marriage between "Rotgerium Bernardi de Fuxo filium primogenitum dicti nobilis et Geraldam filiam comunem legitimam primogenitam ac naturalem et heredem universalem nobilis domini domini Garsie Arnaldi de Navalhiis militis quondam domini de Navalhiis et de Saltu et dicte domine Bearnesie domine de Navalhiis et de Saltu"[358].  Her father-in-law Roger Bernard [IV] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his son and the latter's wife "filia de Noualiis uxore sua"[359].  Roger Bernard [V] & his wife had three children: 

i)          ISABELLE de Foix (before 2 Nov 1361-1428, bur Abbaye de Boulbonne (Cistercian), Mazères {Ariège})The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Isabel molher de Mossen Archimbaud captal de Grailli, de Buc et de Puch Pauli" as sister of "Mossen Mathieu"[360].  The testament dated 2 Nov 1361 at Barcelona of "Rogerius Bernardi de Fuxio Dei gratia vicecomes CastriBoni dominusque de Navalles, MontisCateni et CastriVeteris" names "Isabelli filiæ nostræ" appointing her as his heir if he had no male descendants[361]She succeeded her brother in 1398 as Ctss de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomtesse de Béarn, Vescomtesa de Castellbò, Vicomtesse de Marsan, de Gavardan et de Lautrec, dame de Navailles et de Sault.  Martín King of Aragon donated to Isabelle, comtesse de Foix, the vizcondad de Castellbò and other possessions of her late brother Mathieu Comte de Foix, with a few exceptions, by letters dated 20 Jul 1400[362].  The principalilty of Béarn was defined as sobiraa (sovereign) under the treaty of Tarbes, Hautes-Pyrénées 10 May 1399 between the English and French chancelleries.  In 1400, Isabelle recovered the major part of the family's Spanish properties confiscated from her brother Matthieu.  m (1381) ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly, Captal de Buch, Comte de Benauges, Lavaux et Longueville, son of PIERRE [II] de Grailly, Captal de Buch & his second wife Erembourg de Périgord (-1413). 

-         see below

ii)         ROGER BERNARD de Foix (after 2 Nov 1361-died young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

iii)        MATHIEU de Foix (1363 or after-Aug 1398)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Mathieu" as son of "Mossen Roger Bernard de Foix, cosi germa del comte Febus…[et] fil de Girauda de Navalhas"[363]Vescomte de Castellbò.  Vicomte de Béarn.  He succeeded his cousin in 1391 as Comte de Foix, in accordance with the testamentary dispositions of Gaston [I] Comte de Foix in the absence of surviving legitimate descendants of Comte Gaston [II].  On the death of his father-in-law, he organised an invasion of Aragon to enforce his wife's claim to the throne but was repelled & his wife Pere Conde de Urgel.  In addition, his possessions in Spain (Castellbò, Castelviel de Rosanes, Martorell, and the remains of the Montcada lands) were confiscated by an assembly in Barcelona summoned by King Martin.  His sister Isabelle recovered in 1400 the major part of these (ref. below), and his nephew Jean recovered the rest on the occasion of his m with Joana d'Urgell in 1413 (Tucoo-Chala 1980, p. 88 and p. 90). The dowager Queen Violant de Bar, widow of King Joan I, had herself written to Jean de Foix on 20 Jan 1411 to promise him to have Castellví de Rosanes and Martorell returned to him if her children came to the throne (Arch. nat. Fr., J 880, no. 27).  m (by proxy Barcelona 24 Mar 1392, [in person] Jun 1392) Infanta doña JUANA de Aragón, daughter of don JUAN I King of Aragon & his first wife Mathe d’Armagnac ([Zaragoza] [12/17] Aug 1375-Valencia 13 Sep 1407).  Letters dated 20 and 28 Aug 1375 at Zaragoza from Mathe d’Armagnac to her father-in-law refer to the birth of “ma filla[364].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records that "Mossen Mathieu" married "Madona Johana infanta de Arago, filha del rey En Johan"[365]Bofarull refers to her marriage 24 Mar 1392 “en el real palacio mayor de Barcelona...con D. Mateo Conde de Foix, por poderes concedidos a D. Hugo Conde de Pallars” but does not cite his source[366]The Llibre del Consell of 1390-92 records the marriage Jun 1392 of “lo senyor Rey...senyora infanta filla sua” and “comes de Foix[367].  The two dates of Juana’s marriage may be explained if the second was the marriage in person, which followed the earlier marriage by proxy.  Documents relating to this marriage are also located in the Archives départementales des Pyrenées-Atlantiques at Pau: the on-line index lists “contrat de fiançailles de Mathieu vicomte de Béarn avec Jeanne fille de Jean Ier roi d’Aragon; le procureur de Mathieu, pour cette cérémonie, fut Hugues, comte de Pallars” (probably therefore the same 24 Mar 1392 ceremony reported by Bofarull) and “contrat de mariage des mêmes[368]Letters dated 14 Sep 1407 at Valencia from Martín King of Aragon record the death of “la infanta dona Johana neboda nostra...hir dimarts à X hores et miga apres mig dia[369]

b)         MARGUERITE de Foix Her father Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his wife and their two daughters "Margaritae filiae nostrae legitimae ... Blanchae filiae nostrae legitimae"[370]The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m (Apr 1350) BERNARDO [III] Vizconde de Cabrera Conde de Modica, son of BERNARDO [II] Señor de Cabrera, Vizconde de Gerona, Vizconde de Ager & his wife doña Timbor de Fenollet (-killed in battle Tordehumos Oct 1368)

c)         BLANCHE de Foix Her father Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his wife and their two daughters "Margaritae filiae nostrae legitimae ... Blanchae filiae nostrae legitimae"[371]The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.  m firstly LUIS Cornel, son of ---.  m secondly HUGO ROGER Conde de Pailhars, son of .--- (-1418). 

Comte Roger Bernard [III] had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

d)         ARNAUD GUILLAUME .  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, Roger Bernard [III] names "Arnaldo Guillermi filio nostro spurio et omnibus aliis filiis et filabus nostris spuriis"[372]

e)         BERDOLETUS .  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, Roger Bernard [III] names "matri Berdoleti filii nostri spurii de Bage"[373]

f)          TRISTAN .  The testament of Roger Bernard [IV] dated 2 Nov 1361 refers to "Bearnesiæ sorori nostræ…Triesteny fratri nostro"[374]

Comte Roger Bernard [III] had --- illegitimate children by PEYRONETA de Perquia, daughter of ---: 

g)         [BEARNESE] .  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, Roger Bernard [III] names "Peyronetæ de Perquia matri filiæ nostræ spuriæ"[375].  The testament of Roger Bernard [IV] dated 2 Nov 1361 refers to "Bearnesiæ sorori nostræ…Triesteny fratri nostro"[376]

h)         daughter .  In his testament dated 24 Mar 1350, Roger Bernard [III] names "Peyronetæ de Perquia matri filiæ nostræ spuriæ"[377].  It is not known how many illegitimate daughters were born to Peyroneta de Perquia. 

3.         ROBERT de FoixThe 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Gaston…Mossen Roger Bernard…vescomte de Castelbo et seignor de Moncada…[et] Mossen Robert…avesque de Lavaur" as the three sons of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[378]Bishop of Lavaur. 

4.         MARGUERITE de Foix .  Père Anselme records that she was named in her father’s testament[379]

5.         BLANCHE de Foix The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Blanca…molher de Mossen Johan de Grailly captal de Buc et Puch Pauli" as the daughter of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[380]Père Anselme records that she was named in her father’s testament[381]m (1328) JEAN [II] de Grailly Vicomte de Benauge et de Castillon [-la-Bataille], son of PIERRE [II] de Grailly & his first wife Assalide de Bordeaux (-1343). 

6.         JEANNE de Foix (-[1357/58]).  Zurita records the marriage “en las octavas de la Pasqua de Resurreccion en la villa de Castellon de Ampurias, que era del infante”, 1331 from the context, of “Infante don Pedro su hermano [del rey de Aragón]” and “Iuana hermana del Conde de Fox[382]m (Castellón de Ampurias May 1331) Infante don PEDRO de Aragón Conde de Ribagorza y Ampurias, son of JAIME II King of Aragon & his second wife Blanche of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] (1305-Pisa 4 Nov 1381).  Conde de Prades, Señor de Denia y Gandía 1341-1381.  Seneschal of Catalonia. 

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

GASTON [II] "le Preux" de Foix, son of GASTON [I] Comte de Foix & his wife Jeanne d'Artois (1308-Algeciras or Seville 26 Sep 1343)The Flores historiarum of Bernard Guidonis records that "primogenitus" of "Gasto comes Fuxi et dominus de Bearnio in juvenili ætate" was aged seven when his father died[383]He succeeded his father in 1315 as Comte de Foix, Vicomte de Béarn, de Marsan, de Gabardan, de Nébouzan.  He donated "vicecomitatum Castriboni et terram Urgellesi, et baronnias de Montecathano et de Castro Veteri et etiam villas et loca de Terrua, de Comabaternie, de Valle Ferreria, nec non et loca seu illud quae habebat in villa de Podio Ceritano et in comitatu Ceritanie et Coffletis cum omnibus iuribus, dominationibus ac pertinenciis locorum et villarum predictarum et etiam in alia terra Cataloniae … exceptis et sibi retentis ante omnia dum taxat castro de Sono et terra Donazani ac valle de Andorra cum iuribus et pertinentiis suis" to his brother Roger Bernard [III] by document dated 5 Jul 1329[384].  Vicomte de Lautrec: Philippe VI King of France granted him half of the vicomté de Lautrec in settlement of a debt by charter dated 1338[385].  The testament of Gaston [II] Comte de Foix dated 17 Apr 1343 includes bequests to "Item legamus amore Dei Bearnesie filie Marie de Sans de Roncide Vallibus pro suo maritagio mille libras morlanorum. Item Arnaldo Guillelmi fratri dicte Bearnesie centum libras turonensium parvorum reddituales eidem Arnaldo Guillelmi per nostrum heredem universalem..."[386].  His uncle Roger Bernard [III] in his testament dated 24 Mar 1350 names his nephew "nepos noster Gasto comes Fuxi filius fratris nostri comitis Fuxi quondam"[387].  

m (1327) ELEONORE de Comminges, daughter of BERNARD [VII] Comte de Comminges & his wife Laure de Montfort (-after 16 May 1365).  Pleadings before the Parliament dated 19 Mar 1396 record “quatre nommez Bernart qui furent comtes de Comminges” of which the first and second "qui estoient pere et fils" wished the third to succeed as count in 1296, the last named having “un fils...Bernart et une fille...Aliénor...mariée au conte de Fois[388].  Her name and origin are confirmed by the charter dated 8 Feb 1347 which records that Philippe VI King of France abandoned rights over the lands to be ceded to "Agnes, fille…de Phelippe jadis roy et de…Jehnne de France royne de Navarre" when she married "Gaston comte de Foix…[filz de] Alliénor de Cominges contesse de Foix"[389]The primary source which confirms her father´s name has not yet been identified.  She was regent for her son after his accession.  The nobles of the county of Foix paid homage to “Alienors de Convenis comitissa ac vicecomitissa”, widow of “Gasto comes Fuxi ac vicecomes Bearnii ac Marciani”, by act dated 28 Dec 1345 which includes a lengthy list of named nobles[390]

Mistress (1): MARIE de Sans de Roncesvalles, daughter of ---.  The testament of Gaston II comte de Foix dated 17 Apr 1343 names "Marie de Sans de Roncide Vallibus" as mother of his daughter Béarnaise[391]

Mistress (2): ---.    

Comte Gaston [II] & his wife had one child: 

1.         GASTON [III] "Fébus" de Foix (30 Apr 1331-near château d'Orthez, l'Hôpital d'Orion 1 Aug 1391, bur Orthez, église des Jacobins)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Gaston appelat Febus" as the son of "Mossen Gaston et de Madona Alianor de Comenge"[392]He succeeded his father in 1343 as Comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomte de Béarn, de Marsan, de Bruilhois, de Gabardan, de Nébouzan, de Lautrec, des Terres-Basses d'Albigeois, co-seigneur d'Andorre, under the regency of his mother.  The nobles of the county of Foix paid homage to “Alienors de Convenis comitissa ac vicecomitissa”, widow of “Gasto comes Fuxi ac vicecomes Bearnii ac Marciani”, in the name of “D. comitis filii sui pupilli”, by act dated 28 Dec 1345[393]He proclaimed the sovereignty of Béarn 25 Sep 1347.  His ambition was to establish a large Pyrenean state.  He assured control of Bigorre and Comminges by defeating the Comte d'Armagnac at Launac in 1362.  A treaty of peace between monsenhor Johan…comte d´Armagnac, de Fezensac, et Johan d´Armagnac son fils…comte de Comenge” and “mossen Gaston…comte de Foix, et Gaston son filh” is dated 20 Mar 1378 and 1379, names “Margaride comtesse de Comenge” wife of the former, and provides for the marriage between “Beatrix filhe d´eudit mossenhor d´Armagnac…et lo dessusdit Gaston filh d´eudit mossenhor de Foix[394]He was the author of a "Livre des oraisons" and a "Livre de chasse", and admired for his courtesy and efficiency and by Froissart.  m (contract 5 Jul 1348, Paris, église du Temple 4 Aug 1349, repudiated Dec 1362) Infanta doña INÉS de Navarra, daughter of FELIPE III King of Navarre Comte d'Evreux & his wife doña Juana II Queen of Navarre ([1337/42]-Estella castle Jan 1397 or [4 Feb 1396/1400]).  A charter dated 8 Feb 1347 records that Philippe VI King of France abandoned rights over the lands to be ceded to "Agnes, fille…de Phelippe jadis roy et de…Jehnne de France royne de Navarre" when she married "Gaston comte de Foix…[filz de] Alliénor de Cominges contesse de Foix"[395]The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records that "Mossen Gaston appelat Febus" married "Madona Agnes de Navarra"[396].  After being repudiated & his wife her husband, on the excuse that her dowry had not been paid in full, she returned to Navarre and lived in the castles of Pamplona, Olite and Estella.  Comte Gaston [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)         GASTON de Béarn ([1365]-[1381]).  A treaty of peace between monsenhor Johan…comte d´Armagnac, de Fezensac, et Johan d´Armagnac son fils…comte de Comenge” and “mossen Gaston…comte de Foix, et Gaston son filh” is dated 20 Mar 1378 and 1379, names “Margaride comtesse de Comenge” wife of the former, and provides for the marriage between “Beatrix filhe d´eudit mossenhor d´Armagnac…et lo dessusdit Gaston filh d´eudit mossenhor de Foix[397]Froissart records that he was killed accidentally by his father while in jail[398]m (Betrothed 20 Mar 1378, 1379) as her first husband, BEATRIX d'Armagnac, daughter of JEAN II Comte d'Armagnac & his wife Marguerite Ctss de Comminges.  A treaty of peace between monsenhor Johan…comte d´Armagnac, de Fezensac, et Johan d´Armagnac son fils…comte de Comenge” and “mossen Gaston…comte de Foix, et Gaston son filh” is dated 20 Mar 1378 and 1379, names “Margaride comtesse de Comenge” wife of the former, and provides for the marriage between “Beatrix filhe d´eudit mossenhor d´Armagnac…et lo dessusdit Gaston filh d´eudit mossenhor de Foix[399].  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the marriage in 1378 of "Madona Beatrix appelada la Gaya Armanhaguesa, filha del comte de Armanhac" and "Gaston, fil del comte Febus"[400].  She married secondly (27 Jan 1382, by proxy 9 May 1382) Carlo Visconti Signore di Parma.  A charter dated 9 May 1382 notifies the marriage by proxy between "dominum comitem Armeniaci…Beatrix genita" and "Magdalenam natam…Bernabos Vicecomes"[401]

Comte Gaston [III] had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:  

b)         GARCIA [Gracià/Gratien] de Béarn (-1399).  Froissart names "…deux beaux jeunes chevaliers bâtards…que il aime autant que soi-même: messier Yvain et messier Gratien"[402]Vicomte de la Vallée d'Ossau.  m ANNE de Lavedan, daughter of ---. 

c)          JEAN [Yvain] de Béarn (-burned to death Paris 30 Jan 1392).  Froissart names "…deux beaux jeunes chevaliers bâtards…que il aime autant que soi-même: messier Yvain et messier Gratien"[403]The necrology of Vauvert records the death "III Kal Feb" of "dominus Yvanus de Bearne miles quondam filius naturalis…principis domini Gastoni comitis Fuxi"[404] He was burnt to death in the "Bal des Ardents" in Paris[405]

d)         BERNARD [Bernal] de Foix Père Anselme names him[406].  He supported Enrique de Trastámara in his revolt against Pedro I "el Cruel" King of Castile, and was created Conde de Medinaceli.  "Bernalt de Foix bastardo de Berane conde de Medinaceli" donated property to "su mujer doña Isabel de la Cerda" by charter dated 15 Oct 1370[407].  m (Seville 15 Sep 1370) as her second [maybe third] husband, doña ISABEL de la Cerda, widow of don RODRIGO Pérez Ponce Señor de Puebla de Asturias, Cangas y Tineo, daughter of don LUIS de la Cerda Prince of the Canary Islands & his first wife doña Leonor de Guzmán (Seville [1329]-after 1383).  "Bernalt de Foix bastardo de Berane conde de Medinaceli" donated property to "su mujer doña Isabel de la Cerda" by charter dated 15 Oct 1370[408]. 

-        MEDINACELI[409].

Comte Gaston [II] had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

2.          ARNAUD GUILLAUME de Béarn (-killed in battle 1391).  The testament of Gaston [II] Comte de Foix dated 17 Apr 1343 includes bequests to "Item legamus amore Dei Bearnesie filie Marie de Sans de Roncide Vallibus pro suo maritagio mille libras morlanorum. Item Arnaldo Guillelmi fratri dicte Bearnesie centum libras turonensium parvorum reddituales eidem Arnaldo Guillelmi per nostrum heredem universalem..."[410].  Père Anselme records that he was killed “par les Toulousains dans le château de Miremond” (no date specified)[411]m JEANNE de Morlanes, daughter of ---. 

3.          BEARNESE [Marqueze] bâtarde de Béarn (before 1343-before 1412, bur église de la Trinité, Orthez {Pyrénées-Atlantiques}, transferred église des Augustins, Geaune {Landes}).  The testament of Gaston [II] Comte de Foix dated 17 Apr 1343 includes bequests to "Item legamus amore Dei Bearnesie filie Marie de Sans de Roncide Vallibus pro suo maritagio mille libras morlanorum. Item Arnaldo Guillelmi fratri dicte Bearnesie centum libras turonensium parvorum reddituales eidem Arnaldo Guillelmi per nostrum heredem universalem..."[412].   The contract of marriage dated 1355 records the proposed marriage between "Raimond Bernard de Castelnau, et noble damoyselle Marqueze de Foix et de Bearn, soeur de Gaston comte de Foix et d'Arnaud Guilhem de Béarn, seigneur de Morlane"[413]m (1355) RAYMOND BERNARD [II] de Castelnau[-Tursan], son of ---. 

Comte Gaston [II] had two illegitimate children by Mistress (2): 

4.         PIERRE bâtard de Foix dit de Béarn Père Anselme names him, citing Froissart[414].  m (separated[415]) doña FLORENCIA de Aragón, illegitimate daughter of Infante don JUAN de Aragón Señor de Elche & his mistress --- ([1358]-). 

a)         PIERRE .  Pierre and Adrienne are named by Froissart[416]

b)         ADRIENNE .  Pierre and Adrienne are named by Froissart[417]

5.          MARGUERITE de Foixm JEAN de Châteauverdun Seigneur de Caumont {Château-Verdun, Ariège}, son of ---. 

 

 

 

B.      SEIGNEURS de SAVERDUN, later SEIGNEURS de RABAT

 

 

LOUP [I] de Foix Seigneur de Saverdun {Ariège}, illegitimate son of RAYMOND ROGER Comte de Foix & his mistress --- (-after 2 May 1259).  Père Anselme names “Loup de Foix” as another son of Comte Raymond Roger “dont la naissance est douteuse”, adding that “David Blondel en fait descendre les seigneurs et vicomtes de Rabat[418].  This presumably refers to Blondel’s Genealogiæ Francicæ, published in 1654, in which one table names “Lupus qui Rabatensium regulorum stirps dicitur” as son of Raymond Roger (without specifying that he was illegitimate and providing no further details)[419].  It is assumed that Loup was illegitimate as he is not named in his father’s testament dated May 1222 (see above).  Co-seigneur de Mirepoix {Ariège}: Raimond-Roger Comte de Foix took Mirepoix and returned the castle to some of its former lords, among whom were Loup de Foix and Raimond-Sanche de Rabat by charter dated Mar 1223[420].  "Loup de Foix" donated pasturage rights in his lands to Bolbonne abbey by charter dated Apr 1224[421]A charter dated 25 Apr 1229 records allegiance of "Rogerio Bernardi comiti Fuxensi" to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse, naming “Aimericum et Lupum fratres nostros et Athonem Arnaldi[422].  Seigneur de Saverdun, Ax, Ascou, Durfort {all in Ariège}.  “Rogerius...comes Fuxi filius quondam Rogerii Bernardi et uxoris eius Ermensendis de Castrobono“ granted “villam...de Ascho in Savartesio” [Dax dans le Savartez] to “Lupo de Fuxo patruo nostro” by charter dated 18 May 1243[423].  "Lupo de Fuxo et Rogerio Isarno filio suo" swore homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 18 Mar 1249[424].  Loup “et deux de ses enfants Roger-Izarn et Bernard” submitted to arbitration disputes “avec les Durban au sujet de la prise de Roger-Isarn, la Bastide de Antusano, le château de Roquebrune” by charter dated 6 Sep 1250[425]Loup “avec son fils de même nom que lui” guaranteed the marriage “du comte de Foix avec Marguerite de Moncade” dated 1252[426]Roger [IV] Comte de Foix donated "le château et la bastide de Durfort" to “Loup de Foix et à Roger-Isarn son fils” by charter dated 2 May 1259[427].  He was appointed deputy Sénéchal of Carcassonne by Louis IX King of France. 

m HONOREE de Beaumont {maybe Beaumont-sur-Lèze, Haute-Garonne}, daughter of ---.  “Honor femme de Loup de Foix” approved her husband’s agreement with “Guillaume Bernard d’Arnave” to share “les châteaux...â Durban, â la ville de Sauriac...” by charter dated Apr 1234[428]Père Anselme names her “Honors de Beaumont” but cites no source which corroborates this family origin[429]

Loup [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.         LOUP [II] (-[1252/2 May 1259]).  Loup “avec son fils de même nom que lui” guaranteed the marriage “du comte de Foix avec Marguerite de Moncade” dated 1252[430]same person as...?  LOUP [III]  (-after 9 Sep 1256).  Abbé de Saint-Savin, Vienne.  “...Loup de Foix Abbé de S. Savin...” subscribed the charter dated 9 Sep 1256 which records claims by Gaston Comte de Béarn following the marriages of his niece Petronille Ctss de Bigorre[431]Père Anselme names him as fourth son of Loup [I][432]One possibility is that this was the same person as Loup [II] who had retired from secular life. 

2.         ROGER ISARN (-after 1316).  "Lupo de Fuxo et Rogerio Isarno filio suo" swore homage to Raymond VII Comte de Toulouse by charter dated 18 Mar 1249[433].  Loup “et deux de ses enfants Roger-Izarn et Bernard” submitted to arbitration disputes “avec les Durban au sujet de la prise de Roger-Isarn, la Bastide de Antusano, le château de Roquebrune” by charter dated 6 Sep 1250[434].  Roger [IV] Comte de Foix donated "le château et la bastide de Durfort" to “Loup de Foix et à Roger-Isarn son fils” by charter dated 2 May 1259[435].  Co-Seigneur de Saverdun, de Durban.  In 1316, “Loup de Foix et son frère Roger de Foix...nobles et consuls du pays de Foix" appointed Roger Isarn de Foix to go to Paris to recover the testament of Gaston [I] Comte de Foix, withheld by Gaston's widow Jeanne d'Artois[436]m ESCLARMONDE, daughter of ---.  Père Anselme names “Esclarmonde, dont le surnom est inconnu” as the wife of Roger Isarn but cites no source on which this information is based[437].  Père Anselme records that her son Lope [IV] was banished “et se retira vers Esclarmonde sa mère et Pons de Foix son frère abbé de Lezat” for damage caused in the seigneurie de Durban, undated[438]Roger Isarn & his wife had three children: 

a)         LOPE [IV] (-after Apr 1351).  In 1316, “Loup de Foix et son frère Roger de Foix...nobles et consuls du pays de Foix" appointed Roger Isarn de Foix to go to Paris to recover the testament of Gaston [I] Comte de Foix, withheld by Gaston's widow Jeanne d'Artois[439]Co-Seigneur de Saverdun et de Fornex, Seigneur de Crampagna {Ariège}.  Père Anselme records that he was banished “et se retira vers Esclarmonde sa mère et Pons de Foix son frère abbé de Lezat” for damage caused in the seigneurie de Durban, undated[440]Seigneur de Durban (1331). The nobles of the county of Foix paid homage to “Alienors de Convenis comitissa ac vicecomitissa”, widow of “Gasto comes Fuxi ac vicecomes Bearnii ac Marciani”, by act dated 28 Dec 1345 which includes a lengthy list of named nobles headed by “D Lupo de Fuxo millite…[441]Père Anselme records that the king pardoned him for attacking “Bernard-Guillaume d’Astenave” by charter dated Apr 1351[442]m ---.  The name of Lope's wife is not known.  Lope [IV] & his wife had one child: 

i)          ISARN [Lope Isarn] (-after 7 Aug 1391).  Isarn de Foix seigneur de Campagnac conseigneur de Saverdun”, son and heir of “feu Loup de Foix seigneur de Campagnac”, sold “la terre de Saverdun” to “noble...Corbeyrau de Foix chevalier seigneur de Rabat son cousin” by charter dated 3 May 1371[443].  Isarn de Foix “avec Esclarmonde de Montaut sa femme” acknowledged receipt of money “au seigneur de Rabat” by charter dated 7 Aug 1391[444]m ESCLARMONDE de Montaut, daughter of --- (-after 7 Aug 1391).  Isarn de Foix “avec Esclarmonde de Montaut sa femme” acknowledged receipt of money “au seigneur de Rabat” by charter dated 7 Aug 1391[445]

b)         PONS .  Abbé de Lézat [sur-Lèze] {Ariège}.  Père Anselme records that he was banished “et se retira vers Esclarmonde sa mère et Pons de Foix son frère abbé de Lezat” for damage caused in the seigneurie de Durban, undated[446]

c)         ROGER [I] (-1338 or after).  In 1316, “Loup de Foix et son frère Roger de Foix...nobles et consuls du pays de Foix" appointed Roger Isarn de Foix to go to Paris to recover the testament of Gaston [I] Comte de Foix, withheld by Gaston's widow Jeanne d'Artois[447].  Co-Seigneur de Saverdun et de Fornex with his brother Lope [IV]. 

-        see below

3.         BERNARD (-after 6 Sep 1250).  Loup “et deux de ses enfants Roger-Izarn et Bernard” submitted to arbitration disputes “avec les Durban au sujet de la prise de Roger-Isarn, la Bastide de Antusano, le château de Roquebrune” by charter dated 6 Sep 1250[448]

 

 

ROGER [I] de Foix-Saverdun, son of ROGER IZARN de Foix Seigneur de Saverdun & his wife Esclarmonde (-1338 or after).   In 1316, “Loup de Foix et son frère Roger de Foix...nobles et consuls du pays de Foix" appointed Roger Isarn de Foix to go to Paris to recover the testament of Gaston [I] Comte de Foix, withheld by Gaston's widow Jeanne d'Artois[449].  Co-Seigneur de Saverdun et de Fornex with his brother Lope [IV].  Seigneur de Rabat, de iure uxoris, cited 1331 and 1338. 

m [--- de Rabat, daughter and heiress of --- de Rabat & his wife ---].  Père Anselme records that “il paroît vraisemblable” that Roger [I] married “l’heritiere de Rabat ou Ravat une des plus anciennes maisons du païs de Foix et dont la terre est une des plus considerables du même païs” without citing the primary source on which this statement is based[450]

Roger [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.         CORBAIRAN [I] (-after 1 Oct 1402, bur église Sainte Marie (now N-D de l'Assomption), Rabat-les-Trois-Seigneurs, Ariège).  Seigneur de Rabat, de Fornex, de Saverdun, de La Bastide-de-Besplas, d'Antuzan {all Ariège}.  Isarn de Foix seigneur de Campagnac conseigneur de Saverdun”, son and heir of “feu Loup de Foix seigneur de Campagnac”, sold “la terre de Saverdun” to “noble...Corbeyrau de Foix chevalier seigneur de Rabat son cousin” by charter dated 3 May 1371[451]Sénéchal du Comté de Foix 1385.  Testament 1 Oct 1402 "Nobilis et potens vir dominus Corbairandus de Fuxo, miles, dominus de Ravato et de Fornelis"[452]m (1370) ERMENGARDE [Mengarde] de Villar Dame de Bouteville {Haute-Garonne}, daughter of --- (-after 1407).  Doublet records her marriage “en 1370" and her family origin[453]Père Anselme states that she was executrix of her husband’s testament[454].  Père Anselme records that she was the beneficiary under the testament of her daughter Condor[455]Corbairan [I] & his wife had five children: 

a)         JEAN [I] de Foix ([1375]-after 1454)Seigneur de Rabat, de Fornex, de Saverdun, de La Bastide-de-Besplas, d'Antuzan {all Ariège}.  Sénéchal du Comté de Foix.  A manuscript chronicle records that "D. Joannes de Foix D. de Rabat" swore allegiance for "terra sua de Montesquivo" to the French king in 1454[456]m firstly ([Feb 1405]) BERGUE de Rabasteins, daughter of PIERRE RAYMOND de Rabasteins Seigneur de Campagnac & his wife ---.  m secondly JEANNE de Marmande, daughter of ---.  Jean [I] & his [first] wife had children: 

i)          CORBAIRAN [II] de Foix The date of his marriage suggests that Corbairan was probably born from his father’s first marriage.  Seigneur de Rabatm (contract Saint-Etienne de Labastide-de-Serou 15 Oct 1422) CECILE de Comminges, daughter of ARNAUD ROGER de Comminges Vicomte de Bruniquel & his wife Cécile de Penne.  Corbairan [II] & his wife had one child: 

(a)       MARGUERITE de Foixm (contract Château d’Orbesson 5 Sep 1467) BERTRAND d’Orbesson, son of ---. 

Jean [I] & his [second] wife had children:

ii)         JEAN [II] de Foix (-after 15 Nov 1480).  The date of his marriage suggests that Jean was probably born from his father’s second marriage.  Seigneur de Rabatm (contract Saubat 27 Jun 1441) ELEONORE de Comminges, daughter of ---.  Père Anselme records her marriage contract and notes the presence of her four brothers named above[457]Vicomtesse de Couserans. 

-         SEIGNEURS de RABAT[458]

b)         SEGUINE de FoixPère Anselme records her parentage and marriage, adding that she was named in her father’s testament[459]m BERNARD RAYMOND alias RAYMOND ARNAUD "de Fontaneix domini de Vallosiech", son of ---. 

c)         JEANNE de FoixPère Anselme records her parentage and marriage, adding that she was named in her father’s testament[460]m OLIVIER de Roquefort Seigneur d'Arignac, Ariège "de Rupe Forti domini de Arnhaco", son of VEZIAN de Roquefort Seigneur d’Arignac & his wife ---. 

d)         MARGUERITE de FoixPère Anselme records her parentage and marriage, adding that she was named in her father’s testament[461]m FRANÇOIS Ysalguier Seigneur de Castelnaud-d'Estrétefont, Haute-Garonne ("dominus de Castro Novo de Strictis Fontibus"), son of PONS Ysalguier Seigneur de Castelnaud-d’Estrétefont & his wife ---. 

e)         CONDOR de Foix (-after 11 Oct 1407).  Père Anselme records her parentage and two marriages, the contract for her second marriage dated 11 Oct 1407, adding that she was named in her father’s testament and made her own testament dated 1407 in favour of her mother[462]m firstly PONS de Villemur Seigneur de Saint-Paul [de-Jarrat], Ariège}, son of ---.  m secondly (contract 11 Oct 1407) ARNAUD de Coarraze Seigneur d'Aspet et de Bérat, Haute-Garonne, son of ---. 

 

 

 

C.      COMTES de FOIX (GRAILLY)

 

 

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the following family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

 

 

ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly, son of PIERRE [II] de Grailly, Vicomte de Castillon[-la-Bataille], Captal de Buch, chevalier de la Jarretière & his second wife Erembourg de Périgord (-1413)Vicomte de Castillon and Baron de Gurçon, castle in Carsac-de-Gurçon {Dordogne}, subsequently, by succeeding his nephew Jean [III] de Grailly, Captal de Buch, Vicomte de Benauges {ruined castle in Arbis, Gironde}, Rolle and Lavaux {Vaud, Switzerland} et Longueville {-sur-Scie, Seine-Maritime}.  Comte de Foix, de iure uxorisA manuscript chronicle records that "D. Archambaldus de Graillaco, comes Fuxi et vice-comes Neboziani" swore allegiance for "suo vice-comitatu", with the consent of "Isabellæ uxoris suæ", to the French king in 1389[463]His joint testament with his wife is dated 1402[464]: "Nos Archambaudus de Greilino Dei gracia comes Fuxi vicecomes Bearnii Marsani Gavardani capitalis de Bugio vicecomes Benaugiarum et Castellionis dominusque de Navalhiis et Ysabellis de Fuxo eadem gracia comitissa vicecomitissa capitalissa dominaque comitatus vicecomitatum et terrarum predictorum coniuges". 

m (1381) ISABELLE de Foix, daughter of ROGER BERNARD [V] de Foix Vescomte de Castellbò & his wife Géraude [Geralda/Guiraude] Dame de Navailles et de Sault (before 2 Nov 1361-1428, bur Abbaye de Boulbonne (Cistercian), Mazères {Ariège}).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Isabel molher de Mossen Archimbaud captal de Grailli, de Buc et de Puch Pauli" as sister of "Mossen Mathieu"[465]She succeeded her brother in 1398 as Ctss de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomtesse de Béarn, Vescomtesa de Castellbò, Vicomtesse de Marsan, de Gavardan et de Lautrec, dame de Navailles et de Sault.  Martín King of Aragon donated to Isabelle, comtesse de Foix, the vizcondad de Castellbò and other possessions of her late brother Mathieu Comte de Foix, with a few exceptions, by letters dated 20 Jul 1400[466].  The principalilty of Béarn was defined as sobiraa (sovereign) under the treaty of Tarbes, Hautes-Pyrénées 10 May 1399 between the English and French chancelleries.  In 1400, Isabelle recovered the major part of the family's Spanish properties confiscated from her brother Matthieu.  She made a second testament 2 Jan 1427[467] with mostly private provisions. 

Archambaud & his wife had five children: 

1.         JEAN de Foix (1382-Mazères, Ariège 4 May 1436)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[468].  The dowager Queen Violant of Aragon, widow of King Juan I, wrote to Jean de Foix on 20 Jan 1411 promising the return of Castellví de Rosanes and Martorell (part of the properties confiscated from his maternal uncle Matthieu Comte de Foix) if her children succeeded to the throne[469]His parents confirmed the title Vescomte de Castellbò, which they had conferred on Jean earlier, in their joint testament dated 1402 "... facimus ordinamus et instituimus carissimum et predilectum Johannem filium nostrum primogenitum legitimum et naturalem iam ex alia nostra disposicione vicecomitem Castriboni extra pupillarem etatem existantem ... prout in precedentibus fecimusA formal donation was made on 22 Mar 1406 with letters to the bailiff of Vich and Jean took possession 24 Apr 1406[470]He succeeded his mother through an agreement of 22 Feb 1412 as Comte de Foix, Vicomte souverain de Béarn, Vescomte de Castellbò, Villemur et Lautrec Vicomte de Marsan, Gabardan, Nébouzan, Vicomte souverain de Béarn, although the Etats de Béarn strongly objected to this familial arrangement and steadily refused to hear Jean de Foix's oath until Isabelle's death in 1428..  He became Comte de Bigorre in 1415 by agreement with Bernard VII Comte d'Armagnac, a title finally recognised by the King of France by letters patent of 18 Nov 1425, which definitively stabilized Jean de Foix's hitherto changing allegiances.  The King of France installed him as Governor of Dauphiné in 1416.  In 1425 he was appointed Governor of Languedoc (lieutenant du roi en Languedoc) and received from the King the vicomté de Lautrec[471]. He also bought the vicomté de Villemur.  Jean recovered the remaining part of the family's Spanish properties on his third marriage[472]. He made a testament and a codicil dated 9 Oct 1429[473], mostly with private provisions.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the death "à Mazeras" in May 1436 of "Mossen Johan"[474]m firstly (Olite 12 Nov 1402) Infanta doña JUANA de Navarra, daughter of don CARLOS III "el Noble" King of Navarre & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla (1382-Béarn Jul 1413)She was recognised as heir to the throne of Navarre at Olite 3 Dec 1402.  m secondly (betrothed [12 Jun 1411], 23 May 1422) JEANNE d'Albret, daughter of CHARLES [I] d'Albret Seigneur d'Albret [Constable of France] & his wife Marie Dame de Sully et de Craon (1403-1433).  A contract dated 12 Jun 1411 records a payment made by "Archambaut comte de Foix" to "sire d´Albret Charles" for the marriage of "madame de Grelly fille dudict d´Albret"[475].  This document is presumably misdated, assuming that the date of death of Jean´s first wife is correctly stated above.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the second marriage 23 May 1422 of "Mossen Johan" and "Madona Johana de Labrit"[476]m thirdly (May 1436) as her first husband, doña JUANA de Urgel, daughter of don JAIME de Urgel [Aragón] Conde de Urgel & his wife Infanta doña Isabel de Aragón (Sijena 1415-1446 or after).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the third marriage in May 1436 of "Mossen Johan" and "Madona Johana de Arago filha del comte de Urgel"[477]She married secondly don Juan Ramón Folch [III] de Cardona 5th Conde de Cardona, Duque de Cardona 1482.  Comte Jean & his second wife had two children:

a)         GASTON [IV] de Foix (26 Feb 1423-Roncevalles 25 Jul 1472)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the birth 26 Feb 1422  (O.S.) of "Mossen Gaston fil de Mossen Johan et de Madona Johana de Labrit"[478]He succeeded his father in 1436 as Comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomte de Béarn.  

-        see below

b)         PIERRE de Foix (-1454).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  Jean Chartier’s Chronique de Charles VII records that “le conte de Foix...[et] le seigneur de Lautrec son frère et...le bastart de Foix” captured “le chastel de Guissen” near Bayonne from the English, dated to 1450 from the context[479].  The identity of the last-named has not been established.  Jean Chartier’s Chronique de Charles VII names “le conte de Foix, et avec luy le viconte de Lautrec, son frère légitime, Messire Bernard, de Berne, son frère naturel illégitime” among those who captured “la ville d’Arques” from the English in May 1451[480]m (contract 23 Jul 1449) CATHERINE d'Astarac, daughter of JEAN [III] Comte d'Astarac & his first wife Jeanne de Barbazon.  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, and her marriage contract dated 23 Jul 1449, but cites no sources on which the information is based[481].  Pierre & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEAN de Foix (posthumously[482] [1454/55]-after 1498)Vicomte de Lautrec.  m (25 Mar 1480) JEANNE d'Aydie, daughter of ODET d'Aydie Comte de Comminges & his wife Marie de Lescun.  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage but cites no source on which the information is based[483]Comtesse de Comminges, Dame de Lescun et de Lesparre.  Jean & his wife had children: 

(a)       ODET de Foix (-Naples 15 Aug 1528).  Vicomte de Lautrec.  Comte de Comminges.  Maréchal de France.  m (1520) CHARLOTTE d’Albret, daughter of JEAN d’Albret Seigneur d’Orval, Comte de Rethel & his wife Charlotte de Nevers.  Odet & his wife had children: 

(1)       HENRI de Foix (-20 Sep 1540).  Comte de Comminges.  Bishop of Conserans.  

(2)       CLAUDE de Foix (-after 28 Jun 1554[484])m firstly GUY [XVII] Comte de Laval, son of GUY [XVI] Comte de Laval & his second wife Anne de Montmorency (-25 May 1547).  m secondly (Montrond 14 Jan 1548) CHARLES de Luxembourg Vicomte de Martigues, son of FRANÇOIS de Luxembourg Vicomte de Martigues & his wife Charlotte de Brosse dite de Bretagne Dame de Penthièvre (-killed in battle Gesdin 1553). 

(b)       FRANÇOISE de Foix (-16 Oct 1537, bur Châteaubriand église des Mathurins)m (1509) JEAN de Laval Seigneur de Châteaubriand, son of FRANÇOIS de Laval Seigneur de Châteaubriand & his wife Françoise de Rieux (Jan 1486-after 21 Feb 1542, bur Châteaubriand Saint-Nicolas)

Count Jean had four illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

c)          ISABELLE de Béarn (-1486).  The marriage contract of Isabelle bâtarde de Béarn and Bernard Seigneur de Cauna is dated 11 May 1443: "Coneguda causa sia a totz que le jorn et an susdichs xi en may l'an cccxiij en presencie deusdichs testimonis (*) lodyt mossenher Gaston comte etc et Bernat senher de Caunar dixon que cum temps a passat fossen estatz feytz entre lodyt senher et augus autres per nom deudyt senher de Caunar sus lo matrimoni fasedor entre Ysabel de Bearn sor bastarde deudyt senher comte et lodyt senher de Caunar deusquaouas artigles s'eset la tenor"[485]m (11 May 1443) BERNARD Baron de Cauna et Poyaler, son of --- (-[1474/87]).  Descendants. 

d)         BERNARD de Béarn (-after 1466, bur Cordeliers de Montheon en Provence).  Jean Chartier’s Chronique de Charles VII names “le conte de Foix, et avec luy le viconte de Lautrec, son frère légitime, Messire Bernard, de Berne, son frère naturel illégitime” among those who captured “la ville d’Arques” from the English in May 1451[486].  Seigneur de Gerderest. 

-        SEIGNEURS de GERDEREST[487]

e)         JEAN de Béarn .  Baron de Miossens, Sénéchal de Béarn. 

f)          PIERREPère Anselme records his parentage but cites no source on which the information is based[488].  Abbé de Sainte-Croix, Bordeaux. 

2.         GASTON [IV] de Foix (-Meilles after 26 Aug 1455)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[489]Captal de Buch, Vicomte de Benauge, Comte de Longueville, Seigneur de Grilly.  Monsieur Gaston de Foix Comte de Longueville et Seigneur de Meille au Royaume d’Aragon” appointed proxies for the sale “des lieux de Greilly, Ville La Grand et de Rolle siz au Duché de Savoye”, to pay the ransom of “Jean de Foix Comte de Candale son fils unique et legitime heritier” for himself and for “Marguerite Comtesse de Candale femme dudit Seigneur Jean son fils et de Gaston et de Jean de Foix enfans dudit Jean et de ladite Marguerite”, by charter dated 3 May 1455[490].  Père Anselme records that the properties were sold 26 Aug 1455, and that Gaston retired to Meilles in Aragon where he died[491]m ([1410] MARGUERITE d'Albret, daughter of ARNAUD AMANIEU [VIII] d'Albret Vicomte de Tartas & his wife Marguerite de Bourbon (-Bordeaux 1453).  The marriage contract of "Gaston comte de Foix" and "madame Marguerite d´Albret" is dated 19 May 1410[492].  The receipt for the dowry paid by "Gaston de Foix captal de Buchz, viscomtes de Benauges" to "messire Charles d´Albret, conestable de France" for his marriage to "Marguerite d´Albret…sœur du dict d´Albret" is dated 24 Dec 1414[493]Père Anselme records her testament dated 1453[494].  Gaston [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)         JEAN de Foix (-after 5 Dec 1485, bur Castelnau de Medoc)Comte de Benauges.  He was named Knight of the Garter 12 May 1446 and created Earl of Kendal around the same time for services to England, but never summoned to Parliament[495].  He was known in France, by way of approximate French translation, as “Comte de Candale”, a title which he passed to his descendants.  “Monsieur Gaston de Foix Comte de Longueville et Seigneur de Meille au Royaume d’Aragon” appointed proxies for the sale “des lieux de Greilly, Ville La Grand et de Rolle siz au Duché de Savoye”, to pay the ransom of “Jean de Foix Comte de Candale son fils unique et legitime heritier” for himself and for “Marguerite Comtesse de Candale femme dudit Seigneur Jean son fils et de Gaston et de Jean de Foix enfans dudit Jean et de ladite Marguerite”, by charter dated 3 May 1455[496].  He surrendered the Garter in 1462[497].  Père Anselme records his testament dated 5 Dec 1485, under which he left “l’usufruit des terres de Gurson et de Fleix” to his wife, and his place of burial[498]m ([1440]) MARGARET Kerdeston, daughter of Sir THOMAS Kerdeston & his first wife Elizabeth de la Pole of the Earls of Suffolk (after 1425-after 5 Dec 1485).  The precise parentage of the wife of Jean de Foix has been the subject of speculation over the years.  For example, Père Anselme names her as “Marguerite de la Pole Suffolk...fille de Richard duc de Suffolk et de Marie dite de Sicile, suivant une preuve d’un chanoine de S. Jean de Lyon[499]On the other hand, the Complete Peerage calls her “Margaret de la Pole, niece of William (de la Pole) Duke of Suffolk, and said to be daughter of his brother Sir John de la Pole[500].  An imprecise family relationship with the Pole family is confirmed by the Parliament Rolls 1450, recording the impeachment of the Duke of Suffolk, which accuse him particularly of actions “for the particular enrichment of his Neece and hir husband, sonne to the Capidawe [=Captal]...[made] the seid sonne Erle of Kendale[501].  Another contemporary manuscript, relating to the same accusations against the duke, establishes the precise family relationship, noting that “the Duke of Suffolk hathe marryede his nese, his suster doughter, to je Capdawe...” and specifying her dowry[502].  The identity of the duke’s sister as Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Kerdeston, was established by Hansen in an article published in 1988[503].  The argument runs as follows: (1) Hansen quotes a third source relating to the duke’s impeachment which accused him of dishonestly acquiring “the lordship and castell of Glaxton [Claxton], Resham [Refham] and other landes...in Norfolk and Suffo[lk] which were of the enheritaunce of his seid nece[504].  (2) He cites sources which confirm that Sir Thomas Kerdeston’s lands in Norfolk and Suffolk included Claxton and Refham[505].  (3) Inquisitions were taken in 1440 after the death of Elizabeth, deceased wife of Sir Thomas Kerdeston and previously the wife of Sir Edward Burnell[506].  (4) Sir Edward was the son of Hugh Burnell Lord Burnell (died 1420)[507].  (5) According to the Complete Peerage, the first wife of Hugh Lord Burnell (and mother of his children) was “Philippa daughter of Michael de la Pole 2nd Earl of Suffolk by Katherine daughter of Hugh Stafford Earl Stafford[508].  (6) Hansen, noting that this parentage of Hugh’s first wife is impossible considering the marriage of Michael de la Pole in 1383 and Hugh Lord Burnell’s second marriage in 1386, suggests that the entry derives from a source (unspecified) confirming that a daughter of Earl Michael married a Burnell and incorrect speculation about her name and identification of her husband[509].  (7) A source dated 1403 confirms that Earl Michael did then have a daughter named Elizabeth[510].  (8) Michael Earl of Suffolk acknowledged a debt to Sir Edward Burnell 12 Jun 1415, the reason being unspecified but, as property was settled on Edward’s wife Elizabeth 18 Jun 1415, can reasonably be supposed to be connected with Elizabeth’s dowry[511]Monsieur Gaston de Foix Comte de Longueville et Seigneur de Meille au Royaume d’Aragon” appointed proxies for the sale “des lieux de Greilly, Ville La Grand et de Rolle siz au Duché de Savoye”, to pay the ransom of “Jean de Foix Comte de Candale son fils unique et legitime heritier” for himself and for “Marguerite Comtesse de Candale femme dudit Seigneur Jean son fils et de Gaston et de Jean de Foix enfans dudit Jean et de ladite Marguerite”, by charter dated 3 May 1455[512]Jean & his wife had four children: 

i)          GASTON de Foix (-1500 after 25 Mar)Monsieur Gaston de Foix Comte de Longueville et Seigneur de Meille au Royaume d’Aragon” appointed proxies for the sale “des lieux de Greilly, Ville La Grand et de Rolle siz au Duché de Savoye”, to pay the ransom of “Jean de Foix Comte de Candale son fils unique et legitime heritier” for himself and for “Marguerite Comtesse de Candale femme dudit Seigneur Jean son fils et de Gaston et de Jean de Foix enfans dudit Jean et de ladite Marguerite”, by charter dated 3 May 1455[513]Comte de Candale et de Benauges. 

-         see below

ii)         JEAN de Foix (-after 1521).  “Monsieur Gaston de Foix Comte de Longueville et Seigneur de Meille au Royaume d’Aragon” appointed proxies for the sale “des lieux de Greilly, Ville La Grand et de Rolle siz au Duché de Savoye”, to pay the ransom of “Jean de Foix Comte de Candale son fils unique et legitime heritier” for himself and for “Marguerite Comtesse de Candale femme dudit Seigneur Jean son fils et de Gaston et de Jean de Foix enfans dudit Jean et de ladite Marguerite”, by charter dated 3 May 1455[514].  Vicomte de Meilles.  Comte de Gurson et de Fleix. 

-         see below

iii)        CATHERINE de Foix (-1510)In the mid-16th century, Antoine Bonal recorded that “le comte Charles...estent asses jeune” married “dame Catherine de Foix filhe de Jean de Foix comte de Candale et captal de Buch[515]Père Anselme records her marriage contract dated 26 Nov 1468[516].  The parlement de Toulouse ordered the property of “la veuve du dernier comte, naguère décédée” in Rouergue to be incorporated “au domaine de la Couronne”, dated 5 Apr 1510[517].  m (contract 26 Nov 1468) CHARLES d’Armagnac Vicomte de Fezensaguet, son of JEAN [IV] Comte d´Armagnac & his second wife Infanta doña Isabel de Navarra ([1425]-Castelnau de Montmirail 3 Jun 1497, bur Castelnau de Montmirail).  He was restored as Comte d’Armagnac in 1484. 

iv)       MARGUERITE de Foix (-after 7 Jan 1533).  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, noting that she gave proxy to her brother Gaston to receive sums outstanding from her dowry by charter dated 1493 and signed her testament 7 Jan 1533[518]A continuation of the Chronica Jacobi de Aquis records that "Ludovico", son of "Ludovico…Marchese di Salucio", married "Margarita" but does not give her parentage[519].  The testament of "Dominus Ludovicus Marchio Salutiarum", dated 6 Feb 1498, bequeathes property to "dominæ Margaritæ de Fuxo eius consorti…"[520]m (1492) as his second wife, LODOVICO II Marchese di Saluzzo, son of LODOVICO I Marchese di Saluzzo & his wife Isabella di Monferrato (-Genoa 1504, bur Saluzzo Santo Giovanni)

b)         ISABELLE de Foix (-before 6 Oct 1459). The marriage contract between Guaston de Foys captau de Buch conte de Longueville, viconte de Benauges, de Castillon et seigneur de Greely...notre fille Yzabel de Foys” andnotre...sire et cousin le seigneur de La Trimouille et de Suly en nom et comme tuteur du seigneur de Pons...ledit seigneur de Pons” is dated 20 Sep 1425[521].  She was named as deceased in the 6 Oct 1459 arrêt in favour of her son Guy.  m (contract 20 Sep 1425) JACQUES [I] Seigneur de Pons Vicomte de Turenne, son of RENAUD [VI] Seigneur de Pons & his second wife Marguerite de la Trémoïlle ([1413/14]-[2 Jun 1472/1473]). 

c)         AGNES de Foix Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, but cites no source on which the information is based[522]m PEY Poton de Lamensan, son of ---. 

Gaston had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

d)         JEANNE de Béarn .  The marriage contract between la nobla damisela na Johana de Bearn filha naturau deu...Gaston de Foix comte de Longavilla et de Benauges, captau de Buch” and “noble home mossen Ramon Amaniu Andron de Lanssac cavaer” is dated 2 Aug 1450[523].  m (contract 2 Aug 1450) RAYMOND AMANIEU Andron de Lansac, son of ---. 

3.         ARCHAMBAUD de Foix (-killed in battle 10 Sep 1419)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[524]Seigneur de Navailles.  m SANCHA de Cabrera, daughter of BERNARDO [IV] Vizconde de Cabrera & his first wife doña Timbor de Prades [Aragón] (-1474).  Père Anselme names “Sancie-Ximene de Capoice, fille du comte de Modigo” as Archambaud’s wife, but cites no source on which the information is based[525].  Archambaud & his wife had one child: 

a)         ISABELLE de FoixPère Anselme records her parentage and marriage, noting that the couple’s children adopted the name Foix, but cites no source on which the information is based[526].  Dame de Navaillesm (1427) JEAN Vicomte de Caraman, son of HUGUES Vicomte de Caraman [Carmain] & his wife [Beatrix de Périlles/Jeanne de Bonnay]. 

4.         MATHIEU de Foix (-Dec 1453)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[527]Comte de Comminges, de iure uxorism firstly (Papal dispensation 5 May 1419, contract 15 Jul 1419) as her third husband, MARGUERITE Ctss de Comminges, widow firstly of JEAN [III] Comte d’Armagnac, [separated wife] secondly of JEAN d’Armagnac Vicomte de Fezensaguet, daughter of PIERRE RAYMOND [II] de Comminges & his wife Jeanne de Comminges (1363-1443).  Père Anselme records her third marriage, but cites no primary source which confirms the information[528]m secondly ([1446]) CATHERINE de Coarraze, daughter of RAIMOND ARNAUD de Coarraze Baron d'Aspet & his wife --- (1431-after 1453).  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, but cites no source on which the information is based[529].  Mathieu & his second wife had three children[530]:

a)         JEANNE de Foix Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, noting her marriage contract dated 17 Jun 1460[531]m (contract 17 Jun 1460) as his first wife, her first cousin once removed, JEAN de Caraman et de Foix Baron de Saint-Félix {Haute-Garonne}, son of JEAN Vicomte de Caraman [Carmain] & his wife Isabelle de Foix (-after 1511).  He was appointed Comte de Caraman. 

b)         MARGUERITE de Foix Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage, recording the appointment of a proxy to negotiate the marriage by charter dated 18 Oct 1470 and the marriage contract signed 20 Dec 1471[532]m (contract Château de Saint-Félix 20 Dec 1471) her cousin, ANTOINE de Bonneval, son of ---. 

c)         JEANNE de Foix “la jeune” .  Père Anselme names her but cites no source on which the information is based[533]

Mathieu had one illegitimate child by his mistress ISAGNA de Kersagna, daughter of ---[534]:

d)         JEAN bâtard de Foix dit de Béarn (-Comminges 18 Oct 1501).   Bishop of Dax 1460, Bishop of Comminges.  Legitimated Dec 1498[535].   

Mathieu had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

e)         JEANNE bâtarde de Foix (-after 1470).  Anselme records her parentage and marriage, but cites no source on which the information is based[536]m (1470) JEAN de Châteauverdun Seigneur de Caumont (in part), son of ---. 

5.         PIERRE de Foix (1386-Avignon 13 Dec 1464).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Mossen Johan…Mossen Gaston…captal de Buc, Mossen Archimbaud…seignor de Navalhas, Mossen Mathieu…comte de Comenge, Fray Pey de l´ordre desl Frays Menors…cardinal" as the five sons of "Mossen Archimbaud de Grailli, captal de Buc et de Puch Pauli" and his wife[537]Cardinal.  Archbishop of Arles. 

 

 

The precise parentages of the following persons are not known. 

 

1.         ISABELLE de Foix (-[1463]).  The dispensation for the marriage of Guioti de Pontibus” and “Isabelle de Fuxo”, despite their 3o consanguinity, is dated 9 Jul 1459/7 Apr 1461[538]m (Papal dispensation 9 Jul 1469/7 Apr 1461) as his first wife, GUY de Pons Seigneur de Montfort, daughter of JACQUES Seigneur de Pons & his wife Isabelle de Foix (-1510). 

 

2.         ISABELLE de Foix (-1504)A document records the marriage of Pedro de Peralta and "Doña Isabel…prima de la reina Doña Catalina" which gives no precise details of her parentage[539]m (1462) as his second wife, don PEDRO de Peralta Conde de Santisteban y Lerín, son of don PEDRO Martínez de Peralta Señor de Peralta y Andosilla [Capet-Navarra] & his wife doña Juana de Ezpeleta ([1491/92]).     

 

 

GASTON [IV] de Foix, son of JEAN [III] [de Grailly] Comte de Foix et de Bigorre Vicomte de Béarn & his wife Jeanne d'Albret (26 Feb 1423-Roncevalles 25 Jul 1472)The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records the birth 26 Feb 1422  (O.S.) of "Mossen Gaston fil de Mossen Johan et de Madona Johana de Labrit"[540]He succeeded his father in 1436 as Comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Vicomte de Béarn.  

m (30 Jul 1436) Infanta doña LEONOR de Aragón y Navarra, daughter of don JUAN II King of Navarre, Infante de Aragón [later JUAN II King of Aragon] & his wife doña Blanca Queen of Navarre (2 Feb 1425-Tudela 12 Feb 1479).  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records that "Mossen Gaston fil de Mossen Johan et de Madona Johana de Labrit" married "Madona Leonor infanta de Navarra"[541].  Her father named her Lieutenant General of the Kingdom of Navarre 1464.  She succeeded her father in 1479 as LEONOR I Queen of Navarre

Comte Gaston [IV] & his wife had nine children: 

1.         GASTON de Foix Infante de Navarra (1444-Libourne, Gironde 23 Nov 1470, bur Bordeaux, Cathédrale Saint-André)Principe de Viana. 

-        KINGS of NAVARRE

2.         PIERRE de Foix Infante de Navarra (Pau 7 Feb 1449-Rome 10 Aug 1490).  Bishop of Vannes.  Archbishop of Arles 1476.  Cardinal.  

3.         JEAN de Foix Infante de Navarra (after 1450-Etampes 5 Nov 1500)Comte d'Etampes, Vicomte de Narbonne.  He claimed the throne of Navarre 1483-1497.  m (1476) MARIE d'Orléans, daughter of CHARLES Duc d'Orléans & his third wife Maria von Kleve (Château de Blois, Loir-et-Cher 19 Dec 1457-Mazères, Ariège 1493, bur Mazères).  The Chronique Scandaleuse of Louis XI names “madame de Nerbonne fille du feu Duc d’Orleans” as wife of “monseigneur le Viconte de Nerbonne fils du Comte de Fouez[542]Jean & his wife had two children: 

a)         GASTON de Foix (Mazères 10 Dec 1489-killed in battle Ravenna 11 Apr 1512).  He succeeded his father 1500 as Comte d'Etampes, Vicomte de Narbonne.  He succeeded as Comte de Foix.  Created Duc de Nemours, pair de France 19 Nov 1507, registered 14 Jan 1508. 

b)         GERMAINE de Foix (after 1490-Liria 15 Oct 1538)m firstly (Blois 19 Oct 1505) as his second wife, FERNANDO II "el Católico" King of Aragon, son of JUAN II King of Aragon and Navarre & his second wife doña Juana Enríquez Señora de Casarrubios del Monte y Arroyojolinos (Soa 10 Mar 1452-Madrigalejo 25 Jan 1516).  m secondly (17 Jun 1519) JOHANN Markgraf von Brandenburg-Ansbach, son of FRIEDRICH V "der Ältere" Markgraf von Brandenburg in Ansbach & his wife Zofia of Poland (Plassenburg 9 Jan 1493-Valencia 5 Jul 1525, bur Kloster Jerusalem near Valencia).  Viceroy of Valencia 1515, 1521.  m thirdly (Seville Aug 1526) as his first wife, FERNANDO de Aragón Duca di Calabria Principe di Tarento, son of FEDERIGO IV King of Naples & his first wife Anne de Savoie (Andria 15 Dec 1488-Valencia 26 Oct 1550).  Viceroy of Valencia, in right of his first wife, 1526-1540, where he established a lively court which promoted theatre and music. 

4.         MARIE de Foix (after 1452-1467).  A continuation of the Chronica Jacobi de Aquis names "Maria sorella del Cardinale de Foes" as the first wife of "Guglielmo" second son of "Zoanne Jacobo figlolo di Teodoro"[543]m (19 Jan 1465) as his first wife, GUGLIELMO X Marchese di Monferrato, son of GIANGIACOMO Marchese di Monferrato & his wife Jeanne de Savoie (19 Jul 1420-28 Feb 1483). 

5.         JEANNE de Foix (after 1454-Pau after 10 Feb 1476).  Père Anselme records her marriage contract dated 31 Aug 1468[544]m (contract 31 Aug 1468, Lectoure 19 Aug 1469) JEAN [V] Comte d'Armagnac, son of JEAN [IV] Comte d'Armagnac & his second wife Infanta doña Isabel de Navarra (1420-murdered Lectoure 5 Mar 1473, bur Lectoure Saint-Gervais). 

6.         MARGUERITE de Foix (after 1458-Nantes 15 May 1486, bur Nantes église des Carmélites)m (Clisson 27 Jun 1471) as his second wife, FRANÇOIS II Duke of Brittany, son of RICHARD de Bretagne Comte d'Etampes & his wife Marguerite d'Orléans Ctss de Vertus (23 Jun 1433-Coiron 9 Sep 1488, bur Nantes église des Carmélites). 

7.         CATHERINE de Foix ([after 1460]-before 1494)m (1469) as his first wife, GASTON de Foix Comte de Candale et de Benauges, son of JEAN de Foix Comte de Benauges Earl of Kendal & his wife Margaret Kerdeston (-1500 after 25 Mar).  

8.         LEONOR de Foix (-young).  Père Anselme records her parentage and betrothal “au duc de Medina-Celi”, but cites no sources on which the information is based[545]

9.         JACQUES de Foix Infante de Navarra ([1469]-in France 1500).  Comte de Montfort.  [m firstly (Tafala 28 Mar 1485[, divorced 1494]) doña ANA de Peralta, daughter of don PEDRO de Peralta Conde de Santisteban y Lerín & his second wife Isabelle de Grailly [Foix].  According to Yanguas, Ana was betrothed to Jacques de Foix but died before the marriage[546].]  m secondly ([1495]) doña CATALINA de Beaumont, daughter of don LUIS de Beaumont [Navarra] Conde de Lerín & his wife doña Leonor de Aragón.  Jacques & his second wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN de Foix .  Abbé de Saint-Volusien-de-Foix. 

Jacques had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

b)         FREDERIC de Foix (-1537).  Seigneur d'Almenèches (en Normandie).  m as her first husband, FRANÇOISE de Silly Dame du Fay, daughter of FRANÇOIS de Silly Seigneur de Longraye & his wife Aimée de La Fayette.  Père Anselme records her parentage and marriages but cites no sources on which the information is based[547].  She married secondly Jean de Bourbon Vicomte de Lavedan.  Frédéric & his wife had one child: 

i)          JEANNEPère Anselme records her parentage and marriage but cites no source on which the information is based[548].  Dame d'Almenèches.  m ARMAND de Gontaut Seigneur de Saint-Geniez, son of --- (-after 28 Sep 1591). 

c)          JACQUES de Foix (-7 Apr 1535).  Bishop of Oloron 1523.  Bishop of Lescar 1534.  . 

 

 

GASTON de Foix, son of JEAN de Foix Comte de Benauges Earl of Kendal & his wife Margaret Kerdeston (-1500 after 25 Mar)Monsieur Gaston de Foix Comte de Longueville et Seigneur de Meille au Royaume d’Aragon” appointed proxies for the sale “des lieux de Greilly, Ville La Grand et de Rolle siz au Duché de Savoye”, to pay the ransom of “Jean de Foix Comte de Candale son fils unique et legitime heritier” for himself and for “Marguerite Comtesse de Candale femme dudit Seigneur Jean son fils et de Gaston et de Jean de Foix enfans dudit Jean et de ladite Marguerite”, by charter dated 3 May 1455[549]Comte de Candale et de Benauges. 

m firstly (1469) CATHERINE de Foix Infanta de Navarra, daughter of GASTON IV Comte de Foix Prince of Navarre & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Navarra (after 1460-before 1494). 

m secondly (contract 30 Jan 1494) ISABELLE d’Albret, daughter of ALAIN Seigneur d'Albret & his wife Françoise de Blois dite de Bretagne Ctss de Périgord.  Père Anselme records her marriage contract dated 30 Jan 1494 (O.S./N.S.?)[550]

Gaston & his first wife had children:

1.         GASTON de Foix (-1536).  Comte de Candale.  m (21 May 1505) MATHE d’Astarac, daughter of JEAN [IV] Comte d’Astarac & his wife Marie de Chambes Dame de Montsoreau (-after 1550).  Gaston & his wife had children: 

a)         CHARLES de Foix (-siege of Naples 1528)

b)         FREDERIC de Foix (-Aug 1571).  Comte de Candale.  m (1540) FRANÇOISE de la Rochefoucauld, daughter of FRANÇOIS [II] Comte de la Rochefoucauld & his wife Anne de Polignac Dame de Randon (-after 25 Aug 1583).  Frédéric & his wife had children: 

i)          HENRI de Foix (-killed Château de Sommières en Languedoc Feb 1572)Comte de Candale.  m (contract 12 Jul 1567) MARIE de Montmorency, daughter of ANNE Seigneur [later Duc] de Montmorency & his wife Madeleine de Savoie.  Henri & his wife had two children: 

(a)       MARGUERITE de Foix ([1568]-Angoulême 23 1593, bur Cadillac).  Ctss de Candale et d’Astarac.  m (Château de Vincennes 23 Aug 1587) JEAN LOUIS de Nogaret dit de la Valette Duc d’Epernon, son of JEAN de Nogaret Seigneur de la Valette & his wife Jeanne de Saint-Lary de Bellegarde (May 1554-Loches 13 Jan 1642, bur Cadillac). 

(b)       FRANÇOISE de Foix (-Paris Sep 1649).  She was forced to become a nun at Saintes 1591 by her sister and brother-in-law[551].  Abbesse de Saint-Glossine de Metz 1600-1603. 

ii)         CHARLOTTE DIANE de Foix (-bur Cadilhac)m (1579) LOUIS de Foix Comte de Gurson et de Fleix, Vicomte de Meilles, son of GERMAIN GASTON de Foix Comte de Gurson et de Fleix, Vicomte de Meilles & his second wife Marguerite Bertrand (-killed in battle Montraveau 1586). 

c)         FRANÇOIS de Foix ([1512]-5 Feb 1594).  .  Bishop of Aire.  

d)         CHRISTOPHE de Foix (-1570).  Bishop of Aire 1560. 

e)         MARIE de Foix (-after 6 Sep 1561)m GUY d’Aydie Vicomte de Riberac, son of FRANÇOIS d’Aydie Vicomte de Riberac & his second wife Françoise de Salagnac (-after 1557). 

2.         JEAN de Foix ([1482/83]-25 Jun 1529, bur Langon église des Carmes).  Archbishop of Bordeaux 1501. 

3.         ANNE de Foix ([1484]-Buda 26 Jul 1506, bur Székesfehérvár)m (6 Oct 1502) as his third wife, ULÁSZLÓ II "Dobre/OK" King of Hungary, son of KAZIMIERZ IV "the Great" King of Poland & his wife Elisabeth Archduchess of Austria (Krakow 1 Mar 1456-Buda 13 Mar 1516). 

Gaston & his second wife had children: 

4.         ALAIN de Foix (-after 23 Jun 1526).  Vicomte de Castillon.  m FRANÇOISE de Montpezat, daughter of GUY Seigneur de Montpezat & his wife Anne de Mareuil de Villebois.  Alain & his wife had children: 

a)         JEANNE de Foix (-30 May 1542)m ([1540]) HONORE de Savoie Marquis de Villars, Comte de Tendé, son of RENE de Savoie Seigneur de Villars-en-Bresse & his wife Anna Lascaris Ctss de Tendé (after 4 Jun 1511-Pressigny-en-Touraine 20 Sep 1580)

5.         AMANIEU de Foix .  Bishop of Carcassonne.  Bishop of Mâcon 1556.  Bishop of Bazas. 

6.         LOUISE de Foix (-1 Oct 1534)m (7 Jul 1514) as his first wife, FRANÇOIS de Melun Seigneur d’Epinoy et d’Antoing, son of JEAN de Melun Seigneur d’Epinoy et d’Antoing & his wife Isabelle de Luxembourg. 

 

 

JEAN de Foix, son of JEAN de Foix Comte de Benauges Earl of Kendal & his wife Margaret Kerdeston (-after 1521).  “Monsieur Gaston de Foix Comte de Longueville et Seigneur de Meille au Royaume d’Aragon” appointed proxies for the sale “des lieux de Greilly, Ville La Grand et de Rolle siz au Duché de Savoye”, to pay the ransom of “Jean de Foix Comte de Candale son fils unique et legitime heritier” for himself and for “Marguerite Comtesse de Candale femme dudit Seigneur Jean son fils et de Gaston et de Jean de Foix enfans dudit Jean et de ladite Marguerite”, by charter dated 3 May 1455[552].  Vicomte de Meilles.  Comte de Gurson et de Fleix. 

m ANNE de Villeneuve, daughter of LOUIS de Villeneuve Marquis de Trans & his wife Honorade de Berre (-[1 Aug 1566/2 Sep 1567]).  Père Anselme records her marriage contract dated 4 Dec 1507[553]

Jean & his wife had children: 

1.         GERMAIN GASTON de Foix (-after 1591).  Comte de Gurson et de Fleix, Vicomte de Meilles.  Marquis de Trans. 

-        COMTES de GURSON et de FLEIX, DUCS de RANDAN[554]

2.         FRANÇOISE de Foix (-after 1593)m (19 Aug 1539) as his second wife, CLAUDE de Savoie Comte de Tendé, son of RENE de Savoie Seigneur de Villars-en-Bresse & his wife Anna Lascaris Ctss de Tendé (27 Mar 1507-23 Apr 1566). 

 

 

 

D.      SEIGNEURS de GRAILLY

 

 

The familly de Grailly originated in the castle of Grilly {Ain}, located in the Pays de Gex, near Lake Geneva.  As a family name, Grailly was one of the many spellings at the time, along with Greyli, Greli, Greely etc, but became the most popular.  Jean de Grailly had an outstanding career in Aquitaine where he founded the line.  Archambaud de Grailly, Jean's great-grandson, founded in turn the second line of the Comtes de Foix by marrying the heiress of the county.  His descendants, as was customary, dropped the name and arms of Grailly to take those of Foix.  Although they did not strictly speaking belong to Toulouse nobility, the Grailly of Aquitaine will be described here, as they are the immediate ancestors of the second dynasty of Comtes de Foix.  Concerning their own ancestors in the Pays de Gex, there is little knowledge beyond a sketchy list of names with a few dates, due to the absence of surviving original documents[555].  However, it is known that they were Seigneurs de Grillly, Arbère, Sauverny {Ain, France}, Rolle, Ville-le-Grand, Arnex, Founex, Marnex, {Vaud, Switzerland}, with rights in various places such as Gingins, Coinsins {Vaud}.  They were vassals of the Comtes de Genève for their possessions in the Pays de Gex, and of the Seigneurs de Prangins in Vaud[556].  The principal residence of the Grailly was Benauge[557]

 

Gurçon was a castle at Carsac-de-Gurçon {Dordogne}. 

 

 

1.         NANTELME [I] de Grailly (-after 1126).  "Aymo dominus de Foucigniaco" donated property to the monastery of Sixt by charter dated 1126, witnessed by "…Nantelmus de Graillié milites"[558]

 

2.         PIERRE de Grailly (-after [1213/15]).  "Petrus de Grailie et filii eius Aymono et Johannes de Quinsim" granted rights to the Chartreuse d'Oujon by charter dated to [1213/15][559]m ---.  The name of Pierre's wife is not known.  Pierre & his wife had two children: 

a)         AIMON de Grailly .  "Petrus de Grailie et filii eius Aymono et Johannes de Quinsim" granted rights to the Chartreuse d'Oujon by charter dated to [1213/15][560]

b)         JEAN de Grailly "de Coinsons" .  "Petrus de Grailie et filii eius Aymono et Johannes de Quinsim" granted rights to the Chartreuse d'Oujon by charter dated to [1213/15][561]

 

3.         NANTELME de Graillym ---.  The name of Nantelme's wife is not known.  Nantelme & his wife had one child: 

a)         JEAN de Grailly (-after 1245).  "Johannes domicellus de Grelie, domini Nantelmi militis de Grelie quondam filius" confirmed a donation to the Chartreuse d'Oujon, for the souls of "patris mei et matris mee et specialiter…domine Beatricis, filie quondam domini Lodouici de Monz", by "dicta domina Beatrix" by charter dated 1245[562]

 

4.         JEAN [I] de Grailly (- Grenade-sur-Garonne 1303, bur Uzeste {Gironde}).  Seigneur de Grilly {Ain}, Ville-la-Grand {Haute-Savoie}, Rolle and Lavaux [olim Vallis de Lustriaco] {Vaud, Switzerland}.  After visiting England about 1250, he settled in Aquitaine, where he became Vicomte de Castillon[-la Bataille] {Gironde} and Co-seigneur de Langon {Gironde} after Prince Edward of England (later King Edward I) had confiscated these places on the Bouville.  Edward later gave him Benauge {now a ruined castle in Arbis, Gironde}, Illats {Gironde} and the salin de Bordeaux.  Sénéchal de Gascogne 1266-1268 and again 1273-1286.  Ambassador of Kings Henry III and Edward I to many European sovereigns.  Sénéchal of Jérusalem and captain of the army of the French king in Syria 1272-1273.  The Chronicle of Ramon Muntaner records that Edward I King of England sent "Jean d´Agrilli" to Barcelona to negotiate the marriage of his daughter to Alfonso III King of Aragon, dated to 1286[563].  Recteur du Comtat-Venaissin 1295-1298 (Papal states).  The principal residence of the Grailly in Aquitaine was Benauge, rebuilt in 1267[564].  He testified on 6 Jun 1303[565].  [m firstly ---.  If the 1299 reference to the marriage to Jean´s daughter Catherine is correct (see below), she must have been considerably younger than her supposed brother Pierre, which suggests that they must have been born from different marriages of their father.  As Jean´s wife named Beatrice is recorded as his widow in 1303, it would be chronologically difficult for her to have been the mother of both children.  It is therefore assumed that Pierre was born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage of his father.]  m [secondly] BEATRICE, daughter of ---.  She is named in Jean de Grailly's testament of 1303[566].   Anselme and others conjectured that Clairmonde de Lamothe, daughter of Gaillard de Lamothe & his wife Isabelle de Landiras, was Jean [I]'s wife, to account for his wealth.  Gardeau demonstrates[567] that Clairmonde was married in 1280 by Jean de Grailly to his nephew Jean Roussel de Saint-Symphorien.  Jean [I] & his [first] wife had one child: 

a)         PIERRE [I] de Grailly (-1290).  He predeceased his father, who in his testament testament declares: "heredem suum Petrum de Geyliaco nepotem filium quondam domini Petri de Greyliaco filii dicti testatoris"[568].  As discussed in more detail above, the chronology suggests that Pierre was born from an otherwise unrecorded first marriage of his father.  Sénéchal du Bazadais {around Bazas, Gironde} in 1287.  Testified in Sep 1289.  m firstly TALESE (Talesia) de Bouville, daughter of --- (-1285).  She was a descendant of the former Vicomtes de Bénauges and Castillon.  She testified in 1285 in Pays de Gex[569]m secondly ROUGE d'Astarac, daughter of BERNARD [IV] Comte d´Astarac & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Père Anselme records her parentage and marriage but cites no source on which the information is based[570]Pierre [I] & his first wife had [two] children: 

i)          PIERRE [II] de Grailly (-1356)Seigneur de Grilly, Rolle, Ville-la-Grand, Vicomte de Castillon, Captal de Buch {pagus south of Arcachon, Gironde, name derived from Latin Boii, capital of the civitas Boiatium, later a part of Novempopulania}, de iure uxoris, chevalier de la Jarretière[571].  Edward II King of England wrote to “Arnaldi de Duro Forti militis” regarding his marriage to “Katerinam dominam de Sancta Basilica quondam uxorem Jordani de Insula” by charter dated 25 Feb 1326, and similarly to “Petro de Greylino vicecomiti Benangiarum et Castellionis[572].  Edward III King of England wrote to “vicecomiti de Benaugiarum...Johanni de Greily” (as well as other nobles in Gascony) congratulating them on their loyalty and good work (“vestræ devotionis affectus...fidelium nostrorum testimonia, set effectus operis...”) by charter dated 25 Jul 1337[573].  Testified in 1356 and was already dead in 1357.  m firstly (1 Sep 1307) as her second husband, ASSALIDE de Bordeaux Captalesse de Buch, widow of BERTRAND de l'Isle-Jourdain, daughter of --- de Bordeaux & his wife --- (-1328).  She was heiress of her brother Pierre [VI] de Bordeaux (who was the first husband of Jeanne de Périgord, probable daughter of Hélie [IX] Comte de Périgord).  Testified 2 Apr 1328[574]m secondly (31 Dec 1328) as her second husband, EREMBOURG [Erimburgis] de Périgord, widow of JACQUES de La Vie, daughter of HELIE [IX] TALLEYRAND Comte de Périgord & his second wife Brunissende de Foix.  She is not mentioned in her father's testament dated 8 Aug 1302[575], and the phrasing of the contract for her first marriage dated 13 Jun 1319 "Emborgem filiam bonae memoriae domini Heliae Taleyrandi comitis Petragoricensis…dicta Eremburgis cum dicto Jacoboet quia in presenti propter defectum aetatis cujuslibet dictorum filiorum contrahi non poterat matrimonium inter eos" points to an unusually tender age[576].  She is often named Rosemburge in secondary sources but this appears unsupported by primary sources.  Pierre [II] de Grailly and his first wife had two children: 

(a)       JEAN [II] de Grailly (-1343).  Edward III King of England wrote to “vicecomiti de Benaugiarum...Johanni de Greily” (as well as other nobles in Gascony) congratulating them on their loyalty and good work (“vestræ devotionis affectus...fidelium nostrorum testimonia, set effectus operis...”) by charter dated 25 Jul 1337[577].  Captal de Buch, Vicomte de Castillon.  Testified 31 Mar 1343.  m (1328) BLANCHE de Foix, daughter of GASTON [I] Comte de Foix & his wife Jeanne d'Artois.  The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier names "Madona Blanca…molher de Mossen Johan de Grailly captal de Buc et Puch Pauli" as the daughter of "Mossen Gaston…[et] de Madona Johanna de Artoys"[578].  She testified 7 Aug 1363[579].  Jean [II] de Grailly & his wife had two children: 

(1)       JEAN [III] de Grailly (-1369).  Captal de Buch, Connétable d'Aquitaine. His testament is dated to [1367/69], sole legatee: his uncle Archambaud de Grailly[580].  He died a prisoner at the Paris Temple.  m (contract Nov 1350) ROSE d'Albret, daughter of BERNARD AIZ [V] Seigneur d'Albret & his second wife Mathe d'Armagnac (before Mar 1341-).  The marriage contract of "madame Rousse d´Albret" and "messire Jehan captalz de Buchz" is dated Nov 1350 and confirms payment of her dowry by "monsieur Bernard Ezii son père"[581].  The receipt for payment of the dowry of "Rouse d´Albret, femme de Jehan de Grelly captal de Buchz" is dated 12 Feb 1359[582]

(2)       GASTON de Grailly (-1362).  Captal de Buch.  He died of plague. 

(b)       BRUNISENDE de Grailly .  The marriage contract between “Bérard d’Albret fils ainé de Bérard d’Albret Sgr de Vayres et de Breteuil” and “Brunissens fille ainée de Pre de Greslly Vte de Benauges” is dated 20 Jun 1336[583]m (contract Jun 1336, 14 Aug 1345) BERARD [II] d´Albret Seigneur de Rions, son of BERARD [I] d´Albret Seigneur de Vertheuil & his wife Guiraude de Gironde (-after 24 Dec 1374). 

Pierre [II] de Grailly and his second wife had two children:

(c)       ARCHAMBAUD de Grailly (-1413).  He succeeded his nephew in 1369 as Seigneur de Grilly, de Rolle, de Ville-la-Grand, de Lavaux.  Captal de Buch, Comte de Benauges, Lavaux et Longueville. 

-         COMTES de FOIX

(d)       ROGETTE de Grailly .  Her parentage and marriage are shown by Père Anselme, but he cites no primary source on which this information is based[584]m as his second wife, AIMERY [III] Seigneur de la Rochefoucauld, son of GUY [VII] Seigneur de la Rochefoucauld & his wife Agnes de Culant (-16 Sep 1362). 

ii)         [CATHERINE de Grailly (-before 20 Jul 1333).  A manuscript chronicle records the marriage in 1299 of "Jordanus de Insula" and "Catharinam filiam D. Joannis de Grailliaco militis" who appointed her as his heir[585].  If Catherine´s parentage is correct as stated in this source, she must have been considerably younger than her supposed brother Pierre [I], which would suggest that she was born from a different marriage.  However, another source provides an alternative parentage for Catherine: a charter dated 20 Jul 1333 records that "messire P. de Grelly" requested the part of "Catherine sa sœur sur Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron" from the seneschal d´Agenois[586].  This, read together with Catherine´s testament, in which she leaves this property to "messire P. de Grelly et Jehan son fils" (see below) indicates that she must have been the daughter of Pierre [I] de Grailly.  Dame de Saint Bazeille: "Messire Jourdain de Lisle" donated "Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron" to "dame Catherine de Grelly sa femme" by charter dated 7 Nov 1312[587].  Edward II King of England wrote to “Arnaldi de Duro Forti militis” regarding his marriage to “Katerinam dominam de Sancta Basilica quondam uxorem Jordani de Insula” by charter dated 25 Feb 1326, and similarly to “Petro de Greylino vicecomiti Benangiarum et Castellionis[588].  The testament of "Catherine de Grelly", published 20 Jul 1333, appoints "messire P. de Grelly et Jehan son fils" as her heirs in "Saincte Bazeilhe et Landaron"[589]m firstly (1299) JOURDAIN de l´Isle-Jourdain, son of JOURDAIN [V] Seigneur [Comte] de l´Isle-Jourdain & his wife Guillelme de Durfort (-1323).  m secondly ([1326]) as his second wife, ARNAUD de Durfort Seigneur de Bajamont, son of --- & his wife Alpais du Bugat (-after 25 Feb 1326).] 

5.         daughter .  m --- Roussel de Saint-Symphorien .  One child: 

a)         JEAN Roussel de Saint-Symphorienm (1280) CLAIRMONDE de la Mothe, daughter of GAILLARD de la Mothe & his wife Isabelle de Landiras.  Jean & his wife had one child: 

i)          GAILLARD de Saint-Symphorien .  Seigneur de Landiras[590].  

 

 

 

E.      SEIGNEURS de MIREPOIX

 

 

It is likely that the following different family groups were all descended from the same source, probably the three brothers Roger, Raymond “Batalla” and Pierre Roger who are named below.  The information in the surviving primary sources is insufficiently detailed to reconstruct the precise family relationships with any certainty beyond what is shown below. 

 

As part of the arrangements to settle the hostilities in south-western France which followed the crusade against the Albigeois, formalised in the Treaty of Paris 1229, the seigneurie de Mirepoix was granted to Guy de Lévis, who had been principal lieutenant of the army of Simon de Montfort Earl of Leicester[591].  His family is set out in the document PARIS REGION NOBILITY. 

 

 

1.         --- .  m TRUDGARDE, daughter of --- (-before 23 Jan 1063).  She is named in the undated charter which records that [her son] "Rogerius filius qui fui Trudgarda" [swore homage?] ("non decebrei") to “Rangarda filia Amelia neque filium suum Rogerium comitem” relating to “castro...Proliano neque...castello...Mirapixo[592].  Three children: 

a)         ROGER (-after 23 Jan 1063).  "Rogerius et frater meus Raymundus Batallia" granted "medietatem de...castro...Poliano et duas partes de…castro...Mirapixo" to “Rengardis comitissa et filio suo Rogerio comite” by charter dated 23 Jan 1063, which states that they distinguished themselves from “fratrem nostrum Petronum Rogerium” who held “tertiam partem de castello Mirapixo[593].  A separate (undated) charter records that "Rogerius filius qui fui Trudgarda" [swore homage?] ("non decebrei") to “Rangarda filia Amelia neque filium suum Rogerium comitem” relating to “castro...Proliano neque...castello...Mirapixo[594]

b)         RAYMOND “Batalla” (-after 23 Jan 1063).  "Rogerius et frater meus Raymundus Batallia" granted "medietatem de...castro...Poliano et duas partes de…castro...Mirapixo" to “Rengardis comitissa et filio suo Rogerio comite” by charter dated 23 Jan 1063, which states that they distinguished themselves from “fratrem nostrum Petronum Rogerium” who held “tertiam partem de castello Mirapixo[595]

c)         PIERRE ROGER (-after 23 Jan 1063).  "Rogerius et frater meus Raymundus Batallia" granted "medietatem de...castro...Poliano et duas partes de…castro...Mirapixo" to “Rengardis comitissa et filio suo Rogerio comite” by charter dated 23 Jan 1063, which states that they distinguished themselves from “fratrem nostrum Petronum Rogerium” who held “tertiam partem de castello Mirapixo[596]

 

 

1.         --- .  The identity of Bélisende´s husband has not been ascertained.  He may have been Pierre Roger who is named above.  The charter dated 23 Jan 1063, quoted above, confirms that Pierre Roger retained one third of Mirepoix after his two brothers granted their two thirds to the comital family of Carcassonne.  If Pierre Roger continued to retain his third part of the castle, and died in [1084], it would be expected that his heir Arnaud would then swear homage for his inheritance.  m BELISENDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated to [1084] under which [her son] "Arnals filius Belesen" swore homage to "Ermengarz filia Rangars neque Bernard Ermengart filium" for “castellum de Mirapeis[597]One child: 

a)         ARNAUD (-after [1084])Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Arnals filius Belesen" swore homage to "Ermengarz filia Rangars neque Bernard Ermengart filium" for “castellum de Mirapeis” by charter dated to [1084][598]

 

 

1.         ROGER (-after 23 Aug 1103).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[599]m firstly ---.  The wording of the charter dated 23 Aug 1103, quoted above, suggests that Pierre and Roger, sons of the donor, were not born from his marriage to Serena.  Assuming it is correct, as suggested below, that Pierre son of Roger was the same person as Pierre Roger who is named in the charter dated to [1112], she may have been BELISENDE, daughter of ---: [her son] “Petrus Rodgarius filius Belissen” swore homage to “Bernard fil de Hermengard et suus filius Rogarius et Raymundus Trincavellus filius Sedilia” for “castello de Mirapeis” by charter dated to [1112] (see below for a discussion of the dating of this document)[600]m secondly SERENA, daughter of ---.  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[601].  Roger & his first wife had two children: 

a)         PIERRE .  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[602]same person as...?  PIERRE ROGER (-after [1112]).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  “Petrus Rodgarius filius Belissen” swore homage to “Bernard fil de Hermengard et suus filius Rogarius et Raymundus Trincavellus filius Sedilia” for “castello de Mirapeis” by charter dated 9 Jan 1152[603].  It should be noted that the Histoire Générale de Languedoc dates this charter to [1112][604].  The individuals to whom homage was sworn were Bernard Aton [IV] Vicomte de Béziers (died 1129) and his sons Roger (died 1150) and Raymond “Trencavel” (died 1167).  This suggests that the earlier date is more likely to be within the correct date range of the document. 

b)         ROGER .  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[605]

Roger & his second wife had two children: 

c)         BERNARD .  "Rogerius de Mirapex et uxor mea…Serena…cum filio nostro Bernardo" donated property to the abbey of Grasse by charter dated 23 Aug 1103, which states that the donor died on a journey to Jerusalem, the donation being confirmed later by "Serena post mortem viri mei…Bernardi filii mei cum filiis meis…Petro et Rogerio"[606]

d)         PIERRE ROGER (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[607]

 

 

1.         ROGER (-after [1129]).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Rogerius de Mirapeix et Arnaldus Rogerii et...Rogerius Isarnus et...Sicfredus de Marlag" swore homage to "Rodgerio comiti Fuxensi filio Rodgerii et Stephaniæ" for “castellum Mirapeiz” by charter dated to [1129][608]m [ADELMUS, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated Jul 1159 under which [her sons] "…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii..." swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc[609].  As suggested below, the order of all the names in this document suggests that her sons Guillaume Roger and Pierre Roger may have been the sons of Roger who was the father of Ava (and presumably of Arnaud Roger).  Even though she has a masculine sounding name, all the references “filius de ---“ in the list refer to the mothers of the individuals in questions  In addition, the second names of “Guillelmus Rogerii...et...Petrus Rogerii” are in the genitive case, which suggests that their father was named Roger.]  Roger & his wife had two children: 

a)         ARNAUD Roger (-after [1129]).  "Rogerius de Mirapeix et Arnaldus Rogerii et...Rogerius Isarnus et...Sicfredus de Marlag" swore homage to "Rodgerio comiti Fuxensi filio Rodgerii et Stephaniæ" for “castellum Mirapeiz” by charter dated to [1129][610]

b)         AVA (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[611]m RAYMOND de Rabat, son of --- (-after Jul 1159). 

c)         [GUILLAUME Roger (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[612].] 

d)         [PIERRE Roger (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[613].] 

 

 

1.         --- .  m BELISENDE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated 1150 under which [her sons] "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis..." swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[614].  [Five] children: 

a)         RAYMOND “Batalla” (-after 1150).  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[615].  Although this document does not mention Mirepoix, the names of the individuals suggests that they were members of the Mirepoix family.  ["Centullus Gastonis filius" confirmed donations by "avus meus Centullus et Gasto pater meus" to Sainte-Foi de Morlaás by charter dated “Non Mar Feria V eodem anno quo pater meus a Mauris in Ispania interfectus fuerat” 1131, in the presence of "mater mea et plures terre mee barones...Ramon de Mirapes..."[616].  It is not certain that the subscriber was the same person as Raymond “Batalla”.] 

b)         [ROGER ISARN (-after Jul 1159).  The wording of the charter dated 1150, quoted below, suggests that the brothers Roger Isarn and Guillaume “Batalla” may not have been the sons of the same Bélisende who was the mother of Raymond “Batalla”.  If all three had shared the same mother, it is difficult to understand why the charter did not state “nos fratres...” before listing all three.  On the other hand, the structure of the whole list of those swearing homage under the document suggest that all five held a joint interest in the property in question, maybe as brothers/brothers-in-law.  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Rogerius de Mirapeix et Arnaldus Rogerii et...Rogerius Isarnus et...Sicfredus de Marlag" swore homage to "Rodgerio comiti Fuxensi filio Rodgerii et Stephaniæ" for “castellum Mirapeiz” by charter dated to [1129][617].  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[618].  Although this document does not mention Mirepoix, the names of the individuals suggests that they were members of the Mirepoix family.  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[619].] 

c)         [GUILLAUME “Batalla” (-after Jul 1159).  The wording of the charter dated 1150, quoted below, suggests that the brothers Roger Isarn and Guillaume “Batalla” may not have been the sons of the same Bélisende who was the mother of Raymond “Batalla”.  If all three had shared the same mother, it is difficult to understand why the charter did not state “nos fratres...” before listing all three.  On the other hand, the structure of the whole list of those swearing homage under the document suggest that all five held a joint interest in the property in question, maybe as brothers/brothers-in-law.  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[620].  Although this document does not mention Mirepoix, the names of the individuals suggests that they were members of the Mirepoix family.  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[621].] 

d)         [GUILLERME (-after 1150).  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[622]The list of names suggests that they were a group of brothers/broters-in-law who held a joint interest in the property in question.  m GAILLARD de Congust, son of --- (-after 1150).] 

e)         [DOMINIQUE (-after 1150).  "Raimundus Batalla filius Beliscendis et nos fratres scilicet Rogerius Isarni et Guillermus Batalla filii Beliscendis et...Galardus de Congusto per me et Willermam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Raymundus Cardani de Contabout per me et Dominicam uxorem meam et per omnes infantes nostros et...Ferrandus Dominicæ propedictæ filius" swore homage to "Raymundum Trencavelli vicecomitem filium Cæciliæ vicecomitissæ neque Rogerium filium tuum et S. comitissæ" for “castello...Callarium” by charter dated 1150[623].  The list of names suggests that they were a group of brothers/broters-in-law who held a joint interest in the property in question.  m RAYMOND Cardan de Contabout, son of --- (-after 1150).] 

 

 

1.         SIGEFROI de Marlag (-after [1129]).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  "Rogerius de Mirapeix et Arnaldus Rogerii et...Rogerius Isarnus et...Sicfredus de Marlag" swore homage to "Rodgerio comiti Fuxensi filio Rodgerii et Stephaniæ" for “castellum Mirapeiz” by charter dated to [1129][624]m [CERDANE, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated Jul 1159 under which [her sons] "…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi..." swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc[625].]  Sigefroi & his wife had [four children]: 

a)         [BERTRAND de Marlag (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[626]The common reference to “Marlag”, as well as the chronology, suggest that Bertrand may have been the son of Sigefroi.] 

b)         [ISARN de Châtillon (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[627].] 

c)         [PIERRE ROGER (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[628].] 

d)         [GUILLAUME RAYMOND (-after Jul 1159).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[629].] 

 

 

1.         --- .  m MELIA, daughter of ---.  She is named in the charter dated Jul 1159 under which [her son] "…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia..." swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[630].  One child: 

a)         BERNARD d’Astenave (-after Jul 1059).  "Raymundus de Ravad vir de Ava filia Rogerii de Mirapisce et…Guillelmus Rogerii filius de Adalmus et frater meus Petrus Rogerii et…Petrus Rogerii filius de Serena et…Bertrandus de Marllag filius de Cerdana et fratres mei Isarnus de Castellione et P. Rogerii et Guillelmus Raimundi et…Bernardus de Astnava filius de Melia et…Rogerius Isarni et frater meus Guillelmus Batalha filii de Belissen" swore homage to "Rogerio Bernardo consuli de Fuxo filio d´Eissemena" for “castrum de Mirapisc” by charter dated Jul 1159[631].   

 

 

Two brothers: 

1.         PIERRE ROGER (-after 1223).  Seigneur de Mirepoix.  “Petrus Rogerii de Mirapisce et...Esquivus eius filius et...Raimundus de Ravato et Rogerius Isarnus et Isarnus Batala…”, together with 30 other named persons, granted privileges to the inhabitants of Mirepoix by charter dated 20 May 1207[632]"Domini...castri Mirapiscis...Petrus Rogerius et Ysarnus eius frater et...Lupus de Fuxo pro me et pro Bernardo de Durbano et...Ramundus de Ravati et...Arnaldus Rogerii per me et per sonsobrinam meam Galardam et...Bernardus Batalha de Mirapisce et...Atho Arnaldus de Castro Verduno et...Izarnus de Castillione et...Bernardus de Artinaro per me et per Arnaldum de Lordato" swore homage to "domino Raimundo Rogerio comiti Fuxi et filio vestro Rogerio Bernardo" for “castrum de Mirapisc“ by charter dated 1223[633]m ---.  The name of Pierre Roger´s wife is not known.  Pierre Roger & his wife had one child: 

a)         ESCHIVAT (-after 20 May 1207).  “Petrus Rogerii de Mirapisce et...Esquivus eius filius et...Raimundus de Ravato et Rogerius Isarnus et Isarnus Batala…”, together with 30 other named persons, granted privileges to the inhabitants of Mirepoix by charter dated 20 May 1207[634]

2.         ISARN (-after 1223).  "Domini...castri Mirapiscis...Petrus Rogerius et Ysarnus eius frater..." swore homage to "domino Raimundo Rogerio comiti Fuxi et filio vestro Rogerio Bernardo" for “castrum de Mirapisc“ by charter dated 1223[635]

 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] Jaurgain (1902), Introduction, IV, p. xvii. 

[2] Jaurgain (1902), pp. 285-8. 

[3] Jaurgain (1902), Introduction, IV, p. xvii. 

[4] Higounet (1949), p. 25 footnote 1.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[5] Jaurgain (1898), p. 163. 

[6] Jaurgain (1902), p. 288, quoting "préambule d´une charte de Lézat de 1105 ou environ". 

[7] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 320, col. 620, and Jaurgain (1902), p. 287. 

[8] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 320, col. 620, and Jaurgain (1902), p. 287. 

[9] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 320, col. 620, and Jaurgain (1902), p. 287. 

[10] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 320, col. 620, and Jaurgain (1902), p. 287. 

[11] Jaurgain (1902), p. 288. 

[12] Settipani (2004), p. 67. 

[13] Settipani (2004), p. 67 footnote 2, quoting Cyprien Lacave Laplagne Barris (eds.) ‘Cartulaire noir de Sainte-Marie d’Auch’, Archives historiques de la Gascogne, III (Auch, 1899), no. 47. 

[14] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 79, col. 194. 

[15] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 89, col. 207. 

[16] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 79, col. 194. 

[17] ES III 731. 

[18] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV, p. 109, cited in Settipani (2004), p. 70. 

[19] ES III 731. 

[20] Settipani (2004), p. 70, citing Stasser 'Autour de Roger le Vieux' 1996), p. 172. 

[21] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 89, col. 207. 

[22] Settipani (2004), p. 68 footnote 4, quoting Ourliac, P. & Magnou, A. M. (eds) (1984-7) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Lézat (Paris) (“Lézat”), no. 103, col. 233. 

[23] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 103, col. 227. 

[24] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 106, col. 232. 

[25] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 89, col. 207. 

[26] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 89, col. 207. 

[27] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 106, col. 232. 

[28] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 170, col. 358. 

[29] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 106, col. 232. 

[30] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 133.III, col. 292. 

[31] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 154.VI, col. 328. 

[32] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 133.III, col. 292. 

[33] Settipani (2004), p. 68 footnote 4, quoting Lézat, no. 907. 

[34] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 89, col. 207. 

[35] Grasse 51, p. 85. 

[36] Grasse 51, p. 85. 

[37] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 629. 

[38] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 248.I, col. 493. 

[39] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 297, col. 583. 

[40] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 340, col. 658. 

[41] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 248.I, col. 493. 

[42] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 630. 

[43] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[44] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[45] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[46] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[47] Alvira Cabrer (1210), Tomo III, 1234, p. 1304. 

[48] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[49] Higounet (1949), p. 31 footnote 38, citing  Gallia Christiana I, instr., pp. 185-186: "Idem quoque comes apud S. Gandentium vulnere confossus…".  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[50] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CVI, p. 429. 

[51] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CVI, p. 429. 

[52] Cited in Jaurgain (1902), Tome II, p. 309-310 and in Higounet (1949), p. 32, n. 40.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[53] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CVI, p. 429. 

[54] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CVI, p. 429. 

[55] ES X 72-76. 

[56] Berdoues, 594, p. 405. 

[57] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CVI, p. 429. 

[58] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CXXI, p. 443. 

[59] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CXLII, p. 460. 

[60] Berdoues, 594, p. 405. 

[61] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 340, col. 658. 

[62] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 340, col. 658. 

[63] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CVI, p. 429. 

[64] Berdoues, 593, p. 404. 

[65] Berdoues, 594, p. 405. 

[66] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[67] Higounet (1949), I, p. 71, n. 7, quoting La Grande Charte de Saint-Gaudens, p. 14, 1202.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[68] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 160. 

[69] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[70] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, LXIV, p. 582. 

[71] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2875, p. 432. 

[72] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[73] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XIII, p. 540. 

[74] Higounet (1949), I, p. 71, n. 7, quoting La Grande Charte de Saint-Gaudens, p. 14, 1202.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[75] Higounet (1949) I, p. 70, quoting Arch. dép. Gers, I 536.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[76] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XIII, p. 540. 

[77] Gimont, CXXXVIII, p. 452. 

[78] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome II, Preuves, CXX, p. 679, and 3rd Edn., Tome V, Preuves, Chroniques, 7, col. 35. 

[79] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chroniques, Chronicon Sancti Saturnini Tolosæ, col. 52. 

[80] Roger of Hoveden, Vol. II, p. 117. 

[81] Alvira Cabrer (1210), Tomo II, 745, p. 826. 

[82] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXI, p. 551. 

[83] Alvira Cabrer (1210), Tomo III, 1215, p. 1282. 

[84] Liber Montpellier, CCIV, p. 349 [J.-C. Chuat] and Spicilegium, Tome III, p. 558. 

[85] Baumel (1980), p. 231 ff.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[86] Montpellier Guillems, Fascicule I, XXXVII, p. 67. 

[87] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1213, MGH SS XXIII, p. 898. 

[88] Arch. dép. Haute-Garonne, B, Eaux et Forêts, Comminges X 37 (Feb 1208), mentioned in Higounet (1949) I, p. 108, n. 1.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[89] Liber Montpellier, CCIV, p. 349 [J.-C. Chuat] and Spicilegium, Tome III, p. 558. 

[90] According to Oihénart and de Jaurgauin. Higounet (1949) I, p. 108, n. 1 thinks these authors misinterpretated the only source mentioning her.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[91] Alvira Cabrer (1210), Tomo III, 1234, p. 1304. 

[92] Alvira Cabrer (1210), Tomo III, 1234, p. 1304. 

[93] Spicilegium, Tome III, p. 577. 

[94] Chronique de Guillaume de Puylaurens, Chap. XI, p. 45. 

[95] Spicilegium Tome III, p. 577. 

[96] Chronique de Guillaume de Puylaurens, Chap. XI, p. 45. 

[97] Liber Montpellier, CCIV, p. 349 [J.-C. Chuat] and Spicilegium, Tome III, p. 558. 

[98] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 1946, p. 135. 

[99] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2875, p. 432. 

[100] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, IV, "Chronique tirée d´un ancien manuscrit de l´Abbaye de Berdoüez, au diocèse d´Auch", p. 531. 

[101] Chronique de Guillaume de Puylaurens, Chap. XLV, p. 281. 

[102] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, XV.II, p. 435, quoting "Marca Bearn n. 7". 

[103] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CXVIII, p. 627. 

[104] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 239. 

[105] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, 378, col. 1165. 

[106] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Inventaire et Catalogues, XI, Lézat, CCCCLXIV, col. 1799. 

[107] Higounet (1949) I, p. 131, footnote 104.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[108] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 550. 

[109] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 550. 

[110] RHGF, Tome XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 753. 

[111] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 547. 

[112] Quoted by Barrois (2004), Appendice, pièce IV, citing Bibliothèque nationale, collection Doat 184 fol. 296-337 (consulted 22 Jun 2008).   

[113] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 550. 

[114] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 550. 

[115] Higounet (1949) I, p. 131, n. 107, citing Regesta Clementis papae V, ed. Bénédictins, no. 9049.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[116] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 550. 

[117] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 550. 

[118] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 239. 

[119] RHGF, Tome XXI, E floribus chronicorum auctore Bernardo Guidonis, p. 722. 

[120] Notre-Dame de la Roche, Notes Historiques et Généalogiques sur les Seigneurs de Lévis, Pièces Justificatives, 25, p. 458. 

[121] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 239. 

[122] Baluze (1717), Appendix Actorum Veterum, col. 605. 

[123] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XXX, p. 461. 

[124] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[125] Veterum Scriptorum, Tome I, col. 1407. 

[126] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 414. 

[127] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 72. 

[128] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 73. 

[129] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 74. 

[130] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[131] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 73. 

[132] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[133] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[134] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 84. 

[135] Xestalgar, 16, p. 164. 

[136] ES III 766. 

[137] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 86. 

[138] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[139] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[140] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[141] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[142] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[143] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[144] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[145] ES III 766. 

[146] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 86. 

[147] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[148] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 83. 

[149] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 83. 

[150] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[151] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XXX, p. 461. 

[152] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[153] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 635. 

[154] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 242. 

[155] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, "Chronique tirée d´un manuscrit de MM. Sabbathier de la Bourgade, de Toulouse", p. 529. 

[156] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[157] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[158] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 238. 

[159] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 242. 

[160] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 81. 

[161] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 242. 

[162] Monlezun (1846), Tome VI, p. 354. 

[163] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 434. 

[164] Durrieu ‘Documents Armagnac-Fezensaguet’ (1883), IX, p. 40. 

[165] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 422. 

[166] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 635. 

[167] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 635. 

[168] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 432. 

[169] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XXX, p. 461. 

[170] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[171] RHGF, Tome XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 754. 

[172] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[173] Justel (1645), Turenne, Preuves, p. 80. 

[174] Petri Azarii Chronicon, Cap. XVI, RIS XVI, col. 422. 

[175] Justel (1645), Preuves, p. 80. 

[176] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 239. 

[177] Justel (1645), Preuves, p. 80. 

[178] Brutails (1890) XXXVI, p. 44. 

[179] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XXXVII, p. 471. 

[180] Père Anselme, Tome VII, p. 858. 

[181] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 379. 

[182] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 379. 

[183] Chartrier de Pons (1892), CXCVI, p. 369.

[184] Chartrier de Pons (1892), CLXXXIV, p. 326.

[185] Père Anselme, Tome VII, pp. 861-2, 

[186] ES III.2 406, and Père Anselme, Tome II, pp. 648-57. 

[187] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 642. 

[188] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 642. 

[189] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 642 (no precise source citation). 

[190] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 642. 

[191] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 134, col. 293. 

[192] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 137.III, col. 297. 

[193] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 160, col. 340. 

[194] Cros-Mayrevieille Tome I (1846), Documents, XXXV, p. 42. 

[195] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 170, col. 358. 

[196] Cros-Mayrevieille Tome I (1846), Documents, XXXVIII, p. 48. 

[197] Esquerrier, p. 13. 

[198] Cros-Mayrevieille Tome I (1846), Documents, XXXVII, p. 46. 

[199] Cros-Mayrevieille (1846), Tome I (Paris), Documents, XXXVIII, p. 48. 

[200] Cluny, Tome IV, 2991, p. 189. 

[201] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 261, col. 516. 

[202] Cluny, Tome IV, 2991, p. 189. 

[203] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 257, col. 510. 

[204] Cluny, Tome IV, 2991, p. 189, footnote 3. 

[205] Esquerrier, p. 15. 

[206] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 291, col. 570. 

[207] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 312.I, col. 607. 

[208] Grasse 110, p. 161. 

[209] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 291, col. 570. 

[210] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 301, col. 588. 

[211] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 312.I, col. 607. 

[212] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 312.II, col. 608. 

[213] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 388, col. 734. 

[214] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, X, p. 348, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 431, col. 806.  

[215] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, XLVIII, p. 380, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 476.II, col. 897.  

[216] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 312.I, col. 607. 

[217] Cluny, Tome IV, 3480, p. 589, and IV.3500, p. 614. 

[218] Trunus: a nickname derived from Catalan tronar, "to thunder".  [J.-C. Chuat]

[219] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, LXXIII, p. 403. 

[220] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, X, p. 348, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 431, col. 806.   

[221] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, XLVIII, p. 380, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 476.II, col. 897.  

[222] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, XLVIII, p. 380, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 476.II, col. 897.  

[223] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, LXI, p. 391, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 490, col. 926.   

[224] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, LXI, p. 391, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 490, col. 926.   

[225] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 361, col. 690. 

[226] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 361, col. 690. 

[227] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 361, col. 690. 

[228] Crónica de San Juan de la Peña: Part aragonesa, XVI, p. 45. 

[229] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 207.VI, col. 422. 

[230] Szabolcs de Vajay ‘Berthe, reine d'Aragon' (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 375-402, 396. 

[231] Santa Cruz de la Serós, 6, p. 18. 

[232] Pamplona Cathedral, Tome I, 13, p. 37. 

[233] Marca (Béarn), p. 709. 

[234] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome IV, p. 117, citing Marca (Béarn), p. 709.  

[235] Salazar y Acha ´Reflexiones sobre...´ (1992), p. 154. 

[236] Salazar y Acha ´Reflexiones sobre…´, p. 154, citing San Juan de la Peña, II, 72, pp. 21-9. 

[237] Salazar y Acha ´Reflexiones sobre…´, pp. 152 and 153, quoting Rodríguez, R. (ed.) Catálogo de Documentos del Monasterio de Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas, 191, p. 60. 

[238] Salazar y Acha ´Reflexiones sobre…´, p. 150, quoting Ubieto Arteta, A. (ed.) (1988) Crónica Najerense (Zaragoza, Textos Medievales 15), p. 110. 

[239] Santa María Real de Nájera, 18, p. 34. 

[240] Abelda 35, p. 46. 

[241] Cluny, Tome IV, 3343, p. 431. 

[242] Albelda 40, p. 59. 

[243] Salazar y Acha ´Reflexiones sobre...´ (1992), pp. 149-56. 

[244] Salazar y Acha ´Reflexiones sobre…´, p. 150, quoting Ubieto Arteta (1988), p. 110. 

[245] Salazar y Acha ´Reflexiones sobre...´ (1992), p. 154. 

[246] Salazar y Acha ´Reflexiones sobre…´, pp. 152 and 153, quoting Rodríguez, R. (ed.) Catálogo de Documentos del Monasterio de Santa María de Otero de las Dueñas, 191, p. 60. 

[247] Nájera Santa María 18, p. 34. 

[248] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, X, p. 348, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 431, col. 806.  

[249] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, XLVIII, p. 380, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 476.II, col. 897.  

[250] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, LXI, p. 391, and 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 490, col. 926.  

[251] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, LXXIII, p. 403. 

[252] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 533, col. 1020. 

[253] Els Testaments, 11, p. 92. 

[254] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CXXXVIII, p. 457. 

[255] Histoire Générale de Languedoc Tome IV, Preuves, XCVIII, p. 425. 

[256] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, LXXXV, p. 412. 

[257] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CXXXVIII, p. 457. 

[258] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes V, 70, p. 24. 

[259] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXXIII, p. 493. 

[260] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CCXIX, p. 519. 

[261] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CLXXXIII, p. 493. 

[262] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes V, 70, p. 24. 

[263] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXIII, p. 552. 

[264] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome IV, Preuves, CXCVI, p. 503. 

[265] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXIII, p. 552. 

[266] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXIV, p. 554. 

[267] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXIII, p. 553. 

[268] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, 373.III, col. 1147.  See also Palauqui (1911).  Vidal, J.-M. (1911/2001) Esclarmonde de Foix dans l'histoire et le roman (Toulouse/Nîmes).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[269] Chronique de Guillaume de Puylaurens, Chap. VIII, p. 33. 

[270] Petri Monachi Cœnobii Vallium Cernaii Historia Albigensium, LIII, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 213, col. 0609D. 

[271] ES III.3 404b. 

[272] Ex Gesta Comitum Barcinonensium, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 377. 

[273] Santa Maria de Poblet 201, p. 170. 

[274] Santa Maria de Poblet 377, p. 286. 

[275] Viage Literario, Tome IX, Apéndice, X, Excerpta ex martyrologio Celsonensi, p. 235. 

[276] Bofarull y Mascaró (1836) Tomo II, p. 196, citing Real Archivo, n. 105 de la colección de D. Alfonso. 

[277] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXXIII, p. 552. 

[278] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XXI, p. 544. 

[279] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XVII, p. 542. 

[280] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XCV, p. 606. 

[281] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, XV.II, p. 435, quoting "Marca Bearn n. 7". 

[282] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, XV.I, p. 435. 

[283] Chronique de Guillaume de Puylaurens, Chap. XXXIV, p. 174. 

[284] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chroniques, Chronicon Sancti Saturnini Tolosæ, col. 52. 

[285] Esquerrier, p. 21. 

[286] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, XV.II, p. 435, quoting "Marca Bearn n. 7". 

[287] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, XCV, p. 606. 

[288] Chronique de Guillaume de Puylaurens, Chap. XLIV, p. 277. 

[289] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes V, 142, p. 50. 

[290] Arch. dép. Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 395.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[291] Baudon de Mony (1896), Tome II, 31, p. 58. 

[292] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CLIX, p. 664. 

[293] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CLXIX, p. 673. 

[294] Arch. dép. Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 395.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[295] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CLIX, p. 664. 

[296] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CLXIX, p. 673. 

[297] Crónica de San Juan de la Peña XXXV, p. 150. 

[298] RHGF, Tome XIX, Ex gestis comitum Barcinonensium, XXV, p. 233. 

[299] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, XV.II, p. 435, quoting "Marca Bearn n. 7". 

[300] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, 280, col. 906. 

[301] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Notes, XV.II, p. 435, quoting "Marca Bearn n. 7". 

[302] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CXVIII, p. 627. 

[303] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, 280, col. 906.  

[304] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CLXIX, p. 674. 

[305] Arch. dép. Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E. 395.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[306] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CLIX, p. 664. 

[307] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2921, p. 451. 

[308] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 346 (no precise citation reference). 

[309] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, CLXIX, p. 673. 

[310] Esquerrier, p. 29. 

[311] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 879, no. 61. [J.-C. Chuat]

[312] Arch. dép. Pyrénées-Atl.,  E 397, no. 8 [J.-C. Chuat]

[313] Viage Literario, Tome IX, Apéndice, X, Excerpta ex martyrologio Celsonensi, p. 236. 

[314] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 879, no. 68. [J.-C. Chuat]

[315] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 347. 

[316] Veterum Scriptorum, Tome I, col. 1313. 

[317] Merlet ´Procès´, Pièces Justificatives, XIV, p. 322, quoting Cartulaire de Bigorre, ch. 36. 

[318] Esquerrier, p. 42. 

[319] RHGF, Tome XXI, Fragmenta Bernardi Guidonis de Ordine Prædicatorum, p. 745. 

[320] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 347 (no precise citation reference). 

[321] Coll. Périgord, Vol. 54. fol. 51, and Coll. Doat, Vol. 176, fol. 254. 

[322] Esquerrier, p. 42. 

[323] Baluze (1693), Tome II, XLV, col. 297. 

[324] Coll. Périgord, Vol. 54, fol. 254, citing Arch. Vatica., Reg. Joh. XXII, Secr. an. ix.x., tome V, fol. III, no. ep. 29.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[325] Esquerrier, pp. 40 and 42. 

[326] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 348. 

[327] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 346 (no precise citation reference). 

[328] Ramon Muntaner, Tome I, XXIII, p. 69. 

[329] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 542, col. 1728. 

[330] Ramon Muntaner, Tome I, XI, p. 35. 

[331] Spicilegium Tome III, p. 680. 

[332] Spicilegium Tome III, p. 681. 

[333] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 643. 

[334] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 643. 

[335] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 346 (no precise citation reference). 

[336] Esquerrier, pp. 40 and 42. 

[337] Merlet ´Procès´, Pièces Justificatives, XIV, p. 322, quoting Cartulaire de Bigorre, ch. 36. 

[338] RHGF, Tome XXI, E floribus chronicorum auctore Bernardo Guidonis, p. 724. 

[339] RHGF, Tome XX, Chronicon Guillelmi de Nangiaco, p. 581. 

[340] Archives départementales des Basses-Pyrénées, E 293.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[341] Arch. nat. Fr., JJ 38, no. 87, fo. 48-49.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[342] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). [J.-C. Chuat]

[343] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome X (Preuves), col. 573-200.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[344] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, X, p. 445. 

[345] Michelet, J, (1971) Histoire de France (ed. Viallaneix, Flammarion), V, p. 172.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[346] Esquerrier, p. 44. 

[347] Esquerrier, p. 44. 

[348] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 9 (a & b). 5 Jul 1329, before a public notary. Copy at Bibl. nat. Fr., Dép. Man.,  Coll. Doat, vol. 184,  fo. 284. [J.-C. Chuat]

[349] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]. 

[350] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[351] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 18. Copy of 25 Oct 1351. Also in Bibl.  nat. Fr., D. Man., Coll. Doat, vol.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[352] Bibl.  nat. Fr., D. Man., Coll. Doat, vol. 191, fo. 49.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[353] Bibl. nat. Fr.,  Dép. Man., Coll. Doat, tome 191, f° 195.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[354] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[355] Bibl. nat. Fr.,  Dép. Man., Coll. Doat, tome 191, f° 195.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[356] Bibliothèque nationale de France,  Dép.des Manuscrits, Collection Doat, tome 191, f° 199. [J.-C. Chuat]

[357] Bibl. nat. Fr.,  Dép. Man., Coll. Doat, tome 192, fo. 312.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[358] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques at Pau (AD 64), E 405, no. 20 (undated, dated to 1346-1350).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[359] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[360] Esquerrier, p. 64. 

[361] Bibl. nat. Fr.,  Dép. Man., Coll. Doat, tome 192, fo. 312.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[362] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 878, II, no.3 (17th century copy).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[363] Esquerrier, p. 63. 

[364] Bofarull ‘Generación de Juan I de Aragón’ (1898), pp. 300, 323, Carta Núm. 10, 11. 

[365] Esquerrier, p. 63. 

[366] Bofarull ‘Generación de Juan I de Aragón’ (1898), p. 300. 

[367] Llibre del Consell 1390-1392 (1b.i-25), fo. 79, available at Catálogo en línea del Arxiu Municipal de Barcelona <http://w151.bcn.cat/opac/doc?q=recordIdentifier:1@761530&start=0&ctxq=*:*&sort=msstored_fld81%20asc&numdoc=3> (26 May 2017).  I am grateful to Cyril Castelbou for sending a copy of this source.  

[368] Archives départementales des Pyrenées-Atlantiques, e-archives: Série E, Titres de famille, Vicomté de Béarn, E 315 1392-1399, indexed at <http://earchives.le64.fr/ead.html?id=FRAD064003_IR0006&c=FRAD064003_IR0006_de-316#!{%22content%22:[%22FRAD064003_IR0006_de-316%22,false,%22%22]}> (27 May 2017). 

[369] Bofarull ‘Generación de Juan I de Aragón’ (1898), pp. 300, 324, Carta Núm. 13, 14. 

[370] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[371] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[372] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[373] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[374] Bibl. nat. Fr.,  Dép. Man., Coll. Doat, tome 192, fo. 312.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[375] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[376] Bibl. nat. Fr.,  Dép. Man., Coll. Doat, tome 192, fo. 312.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[377] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[378] Esquerrier, p. 44. 

[379] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 348 (no precise citation reference). 

[380] Esquerrier, p. 44. 

[381] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 348 (no precise citation reference). 

[382] Anales de la Corona de Aragon, Tome II, Lib. VII, XIV, p. 98. 

[383] RHGF, Tome XXI, E floribus chronicorum auctore Bernardo Guidonis, p. 724. 

[384] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 9 (a & b). 5 Jul 1329, before a public notary. Copy at Bibl. nat. Fr., Dép. Man.,  Coll. Doat, vol. 184,  fo. 284.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[385] ‘Les vicomtes de Lautrec des maisons de Foix, de Navarre et de Bourbon’, Revue du département du Tarn, Vol. V (Albi, 1885), p. 171 (no citation reference for the corresponding document). 

[386] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques at Pau (AD 64), E 298.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[387] 24 Mar 1349/1350 à Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques). Arch. nat. Fr., J. 880, no. 16 and copy at Bibliothèque nat. Fr., Dép. Manuscrits, Provinces, Languedoc, Collection Doat, 190, f° 193. †1350 Orthez (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[388] Baluze (1708) Auvergne, Tome II, p. 239. 

[389] Brutails (1890) XXXVI, p. 44. 

[390] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XXXVII, p. 471. 

[391] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques at Pau (AD 64), E 298.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[392] Esquerrier, p. 51. 

[393] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XXXVII, p. 471. 

[394] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XCI, p. 573. 

[395] Brutails (1890) XXXVI, p. 44. 

[396] Esquerrier, p. 51. 

[397] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XCI, p. 573. 

[398] Pauphilet (ed.) (1952) Froissart, Chroniques (Paris, Gallimard, Coll. La Pléiade), p. 529.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[399] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XCI, p. 573. 

[400] Esquerrier, p. 61. 

[401] Documenti Diplomatici Milanesi, Vol. I, CLXIV, p. 227. 

[402] Pauphilet (1952) Froissart, Chroniques, p. 519.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[403] Pauphilet (1952) Froissart, Chroniques, p. 519.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[404] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.2, Chartreux de Vauvert, p. 697. 

[405] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 349, citing “Histoire de Charles VI du Relig. de S. Denis” (no precise citation reference) and “Froissart, vol. 4, fol. 28 & 12”. 

[406] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 349, citing “Mariana, l. 17, c. 12”. 

[407] RAH, Colección Salazar y Castro, M-20, fo 171 y 171 v (no. 49315). 

[408] RAH, Colección Salazar y Castro, M-20, fo 171 y 171 v (no. 49315). 

[409] Père Anselme, Tome III, pp. 351-7. 

[410] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques at Pau (AD 64), E 298.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[411] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 348 (no precise citation reference). 

[412] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques at Pau (AD 64), E 298.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[413] Archives départementales des Hautes-Pyrénées (AD 65 at Tarbes, Glanages ou Preuves by LARCHER, formerly in the Archives communales de Tarbes, tome 21, p. 390: "Castelnau no. 274.  Extrait des Titres de Castelnau fait le 17 septembre 1619 pour envoyer à messire Jaques de Castille, chevalier de l'Ordre du Roy, pour montrer la grandeur et ancienneté de sa maison".  See also Massié, J. F. 'A l'ombre de Fébus: Arnaud-Guilhem de Béarn, Seigneur de Morlanne (vers 1330-vers 1397)' Annales du Midi 98 (1986), pp. 469-83.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[414] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 348, citing “Froissart, vol. III, c. 8”. 

[415] Pauphilet (1952) Froissart, Chroniques, p. 539.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[416] Pauphilet (1952) Froissart, Chroniques, p. 542.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[417] Pauphilet (1952) Froissart, Chroniques, p. 542.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[418] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 345. 

[419] Blondel (1654), Tome II, CVI, p. lxv. 

[420] Garrigou (1846), Tome I, p. 163 (no citation reference). 

[421] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VII, Note XXIII, p. 68, citing “Archives de l’abbaye de Boulbonne”. 

[422] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, 280, col. 906. 

[423] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, 367 I, col. 1131. 

[424] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 410, col. 1250. 

[425] Doublet ‘Les origines probables de la maison de Foix-Rabat’ (1898), p. 70, citing “Coll. Doat, II, fol. 217. 

[426] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 358, citing “Extraits de M. du Fourny aud. des Comptes”. 

[427] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VII, Note XXIII, p. 68, citing “Château de Foix, caisse 36”. 

[428] Garrigou (1846), Tome I, p. 170, citing “Cartulaire de Boulbonne, 54, Coll. de Doat, Vol. 170”. 

[429] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 358, citing “Extraits de M. du Fourny aud. des Comptes”. 

[430] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 358, citing “Extraits de M. du Fourny aud. des Comptes”. 

[431] Marca Histoire de Béarn, Livre VII, IV, p. 603. 

[432] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 358, citing “Extraits de M. du Fourny aud. des Comptes”. 

[433] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VIII, Preuves, Chartes, 410, col. 1250. 

[434] Doublet ‘Les origines probables de la maison de Foix-Rabat’ (1898), p. 70, citing “Coll. Doat, II, fol. 217”. 

[435] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome VII, Note XXIII, p. 68, citing “Château de Foix, caisse 36”. 

[436] Doublet ‘Les origines probables de la maison de Foix-Rabat’ (1898), pp. 71-2, citing “Coll. Doat, II, fol. 149”. 

[437] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359. 

[438] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359 (no citation reference). 

[439] Doublet ‘Les origines probables de la maison de Foix-Rabat’ (1898), pp. 71-2, citing “Coll. Doat, II, fol. 149”. 

[440] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359 (no citation reference). 

[441] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome VII, Preuves, XXXVII, p. 471. 

[442] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359, citing “Extraits de M. du Fourny”. 

[443] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359, citing “Extrait en 1692 de l’original au château de Forness”. 

[444] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359 (no citation reference). 

[445] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359 (no citation reference). 

[446] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359 (no citation reference). 

[447] Doublet ‘Les origines probables de la maison de Foix-Rabat’ (1898), pp. 71-2, citing “Coll. Doat, II, fol. 149”. 

[448] Doublet ‘Les origines probables de la maison de Foix-Rabat’ (1898), p. 70, citing “Coll. Doat, II, fol. 217”. 

[449] Doublet ‘Les origines probables de la maison de Foix-Rabat’ (1898), pp. 71-2, citing “Coll. Doat, II, fol. 149”. 

[450] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 360. 

[451] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 359, citing “Extrait en 1692 de l’original au château de Forness”. 

[452] Arch. dép. Haute-Garonne (AD 31), E. 118. Copy 17th. Doublet 1897 p. 11 ff. This copy is most likely inaccurate concerning some persons or place names.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[453] Doublet ‘Les origines probables de la maison de Foix-Rabat’ (1898), p. 87, citing “Bibl. Nat., Cabinet de d’Hozier vol. 142, doss. 3661”. 

[454] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 360 (no precise citation reference). 

[455] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 361 (no precise citation reference). 

[456] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, "Chronique tirée d´un manuscrit de MM. Sabbathier de la Bourgade, de Toulouse", p. 530.  

[457] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 644. 

[458] Père Anselme, Tome III, pp. 361-7. 

[459] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 360 (no precise citation reference). 

[460] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 360 (no precise citation reference). 

[461] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 361 (no precise citation reference). 

[462] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 361 (no precise citation reference). 

[463] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, "Chronique tirée d´un manuscrit de MM. Sabbathier de la Bourgade, de Toulouse", p. 530. 

[464] Archives départementales des Pyrénées Atlantiques (AD64) at Pau, E 423, Foix et Béarn, "Testament de Archambaud de Greili et Isabelle contesse de Foix 1402, N° 18".  [J.-C. Chuat]

[465] Esquerrier, p. 64. 

[466] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 878, II, no.3 (17th century copy).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[467] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques at Pau, E  434 dated 2 Jan 1426, in Gascon.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[468] Esquerrier, p. 65. 

[469] Arch. nat. Fr., J 880, no. 27.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[470] Arch. Nat. Fr., J. 878, II, no. 5. (17th century copy).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[471] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 893, no. 17 (lieutenant du roi en Languedoc), and no. 18 (acknowledgment for Lautrec).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[472] Tucoo-Chala, P. and Desplat, C. (1980) Principatus Benearnia, La principauté de Béarn (Pau, Soc. Nouv. d'Editions régionales), p. 88 and p. 90.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[473] Archives départementales des Pyrénées Atlantiques at Pau (AD 64), E 320.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[474] Esquerrier, p. 69. 

[475] Dubois ‘Titres de la maison d’Albret’, p. 19. 

[476] Esquerrier, p. 68. 

[477] Esquerrier, p. 69. 

[478] Esquerrier, p. 69. 

[479] Vallet de Viriville (1858), Tome II, Chap. 214, pp. 186-7. 

[480] Vallet de Viriville (1858), Tome II, Chap. 243, p. 265. 

[481] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 379. 

[482] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 379. 

[483] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 379. 

[484] The date of her will. 

[485] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Atlantiques (AD 64) at Pau, E 319, fo. 11 May 1443 at Saint-Loubouer, Landes (in Gascon).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[486] Vallet de Viriville (1858), Tome II, Chap. 243, p. 265. 

[487] Père Anselme, Tome III, pp. 392-3. 

[488] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 373. 

[489] Esquerrier, p. 65. 

[490] Plantin (1666), p. 772. 

[491] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 373. 

[492] Dubois ´Titres de la maison d´Albret´, p. 19. 

[493] Dubois ´Titres de la maison d´Albret´, p. 19. 

[494] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 382. 

[495] CP VII 109. 

[496] Plantin (1666), p. 772. 

[497] CP VII 110. 

[498] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 382 (no precise citation reference). 

[499] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 383 (no precise citation reference). 

[500] CP VII 110. 

[501] Strachey (1775) Rotuli Parliamentorum, Vol. 5, XXVIII Hen VI, 31, p. 179. 

[502] Madde ‘Political Poems of the reigns of Henry VI and Edward IV’ (1842), p. 325, quoting “Cotton Rolls II. 23”. 

[503] Hansen ‘Suffolk´s niece’ (Jun 1988), pp. 373-7. 

[504] Hansen ‘Suffolk’s niece’ (Jun 1988), p. 375, footnote 10 quoting Hist. MSS. Com. 3d Rept (1872), ‘Copy of a Paper Roll, temp. H. 6, containing Charges against the Duke of Suffolk’, p. 280. 

[505] Hansen ‘Suffolk’s niece’ (Jun 1988), p. 375 footnote 11, citing Calendar of Close Rolls 1441-47, p. 271, and [Blomefield, F.] Parkin, C. (1809) An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk (London), Vol. X, pp. 114-5. 

[506] Hansen ‘Suffolk’s niece’ (Jun 1988), p. 375 footnote 12, citing CP VII 196 [which appears to be an incorrect reference]. 

[507] CP II 435, footnote (f). 

[508] CP II 435. 

[509] Hansen ‘Suffolk’s niece’ (Jun 1988), p. 375. 

[510] Hansen ‘Suffolk’s niece’ (Jun 1988), p. 375, footnote 16 citing Calendar of Close Rolls 1402-05, pp. 152-3. 

[511] Hansen ‘Suffolk’s niece’ (Jun 1988), p. 375, footnote 18 citing Calendar of Close Rolls 1413-19, p. 275, and footnote 17 citing Exul. ‘Cases from the Early Chancery Proceedings’, The Ancestor, Vol. 8 (1904), p. 174, respectively. 

[512] Plantin (1666), p. 772. 

[513] Plantin (1666), p. 772. 

[514] Plantin (1666), p. 772. 

[515] Bonal (1885), p. 710. 

[516] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 383, and Tome III, p. 424. 

[517] Samaran (1908), Appendice III, p. 358, citing ‘Arch. dép. de la Haute-Garonne, B 14, fol. 438’. 

[518] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 383 (no precise citation references). 

[519] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, Historiam Aquensem,Monferratensem ac Pedemontanam, col. 179. 

[520] Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, col. 514. 

[521] Chartrier de Pons (1892), CXLIX, p. 242.

[522] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 382. 

[523] Millardet ‘Archives historiques du département de la Gironde, Chartes Gascons’ (1910), CCXXVI, p. 517. 

[524] Esquerrier, p. 65. 

[525] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 371. 

[526] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 371. 

[527] Esquerrier, p. 65. 

[528] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 372. 

[529] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 372. 

[530] Arch. nat. Fr., J. 878, I, no. 3 and 4.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[531] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 372 (no precise citation reference). 

[532] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 372 (no precise citation reference). 

[533] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 372. 

[534] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 372. 

[535] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 372. 

[536] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 372. 

[537] Esquerrier, p. 65. 

[538] Chartrier de Pons (1892), CLVII, p. 263.

[539] Yanguas y Miranda (1840), Tomo II, p. 697, quoting "caj. 193, n. 25". 

[540] Esquerrier, p. 69. 

[541] Esquerrier, p. 69. 

[542] Chronique scandaleuse (1611), p. 373. 

[543] Moriondus (1790) Monumenta Aquensia, Pars II, Historiam Aquensem,Monferratensem ac Pedemontanam, col. 177. 

[544] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 423, citing “Armagnac mariages”. 

[545] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 375. 

[546] Yanguas y Miranda (1840), Tomo II, p. 705, quoting "caj. 193, n. 25". 

[547] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 375. 

[548] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 375. 

[549] Plantin (1666), p. 772. 

[550] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 383, and Tome III, p. 424. 

[551] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 386. 

[552] Plantin (1666), p. 772. 

[553] Père Anselme, Tome II, p. 387. 

[554] ES III.1 150, Père Anselme, Tome III, pp. 388-9, extinct in the male line 1714. 

[555] Piccard 'Grailly', III, pp. 287-301.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[556] Piccard 'Grailly', p. 289, quoting Bibl. nat. Fr., D. Man., Coll. D'Hozier, Pièces originales.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[557] Gardeau, L. 'Possessions des Grailly et des Saint-Symphorien dans la région du Bazadais aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles', Actes du XIIIe congrès d'études régionales 1961 (Bordeaux, Fédération historique du Sud-Ouest), p. 72.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[558] Bibliotheca Sebusiana, Centuria I, XXIX, p. 69. 

[559] Oujon 28, p. 40. 

[560] Oujon 28, p. 40. 

[561] Oujon 28, p. 40. 

[562] Oujon 86, p. 128. 

[563] Ramon Muntaner, Tome II, CLVIII, p. 23. 

[564] Gardeau 'Possessions...' (1961), p. 72.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[565] Arch. dép. Tarn-et-Garonne, A 297, f° 1060v ff (cited in Gardeau ‘Possessions…’ (1961), p. 71 and Piccard 1911 p. 305. Date cited as "jeudi avant la saint Barnabé".  [J.-C. Chuat]

[566] Gardeau ‘Possessions…’ (1961), p. 71.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[567] Gardeau 'Possessions...' (1961), p. 71.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[568] Arch. dép. Tarn-et-Garonne, cited in Piccard 1911, p. 295.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[569] Arch. dép. Tarn-et-Garonne, Somme de L'Isle, cited in Piccard 1911 p. 291, n. 1.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[570] Père Anselme, Tome III, p. 369. 

[571] Gardeau 'Pierre II de Grailly, captal de Buch' (1961), pp. 157-161.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[572] Rymer (1740), Tome II, Pars II, p. 151. 

[573] Rymer (1740), Tome II, Pars III, p. 172. 

[574] Bibl. nat. Fr., D. Man., Coll. Doat according to Piccard (1911), Gardeau (1961).  [J.-C. Chuat]

[575] Cited in Bibl. nat. Fr., D. Manuscr., Provinces, Périgord 53, f° 162 ff.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[576] Bibl.nat. Fr., Provinces, Doat, vol 242, f° 673 = ibid. Périgord, vol. 54, f° 220.  [J.-C. Chuat] 

[577] Rymer (1740), Tome II, Pars III, p. 172. 

[578] Esquerrier, p. 44. 

[579] Arch. dép. Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E 18.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[580] Archives départementales des Pyrénées-Orientales at Pau, E 42.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[581] Dubois ´Titres de la maison d´Albret´, p. 16. 

[582] Dubois ´Titres de la maison d´Albret´, p. 17. 

[583] Dom Villevieille (Passier), Tome I, p. 191. 

[584] Père Anselme, Tome IV, p. 423. 

[585] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 2nd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, II, "Chronique tirée d´un manuscrit de MM. Sabbathier de la Bourgade, de Toulouse", p. 529. 

[586] Dubois ´Titres de la maison d´Albret´, p. 155. 

[587] Dubois ´Titres de la maison d´Albret´, p. 155. 

[588] Rymer (1745), Tome II, Pars II, p. 151. 

[589] Dubois ´Titres de la maison d´Albret´, p. 155. 

[590] Gardeau 'Possessions...' (1961), p. 74.  [J.-C. Chuat]

[591] Mirepoix (1921), Tome I, pp. 10 and 12, citing Inventaires des Archives de Léran, Tome I, pp. 39 and 41, and Histoire de Languedoc (ed. Privat), Tome VIII, c. 887. 

[592] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 261, col. 516. 

[593] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 261, col. 516. 

[594] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 261, col. 516. 

[595] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 261, col. 516. 

[596] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 261, col. 516. 

[597] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 363.IV, col. 693. 

[598] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 363.IV, col. 693. 

[599] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 413.IV, col. 778. 

[600] Pasquier ‘Hommage des châteaux de Mirepoix en 1152 et de Niort en 1158’ (1905/06), p. 422. 

[601] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 413.IV, col. 778. 

[602] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 413.IV, col. 778. 

[603] Pasquier ‘Hommage des châteaux de Mirepoix en 1152 et de Niort en 1158’ (1905/06), p. 422. 

[604] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 447.IV, col. 837. 

[605] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 413.IV, col. 778. 

[606] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, Chartes et Diplômes, 413.IV, col. 778. 

[607] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[608] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 503.II, col. 956. 

[609] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[610] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 503.II, col. 956. 

[611] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[612] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[613] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[614] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 585.I, col. 1127. 

[615] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 585.I, col. 1127. 

[616] Sainte-Foi de Morlaás, V, p. 316. 

[617] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 503.II, col. 956. 

[618] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 585.I, col. 1127. 

[619] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[620] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 585.I, col. 1127. 

[621] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[622] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 585.I, col. 1127. 

[623] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 585.I, col. 1127. 

[624] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 503.II, col. 956. 

[625] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[626] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[627] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[628] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[629] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[630] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[631] Histoire Générale de Languedoc 3rd Edn. Tome V, Preuves, 630.I, col. 1227. 

[632] Mirepoix (1921), Tome II, I, p. 1. 

[633] Mirepoix (1921), Tome I, IV, p. 24. 

[634] Mirepoix (1921), Tome II, I, p. 1. 

[635] Mirepoix (1921), Tome I, IV, p. 24.